Skip to main content

Full text of "Memorials of the family of Skene of Skene, from the family papers, with other illustrative documents"

See other formats


929.2 M e L2 

Ski: 6s 

1235083 



GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



LEN COUNTY PUBLIC L 



3 1833 01430 3819 



Gc 
929 

Skat 

12 3i 



MEMORIALS 

OF THE 

FAMILY QF SKENE OF SKENE 



emorials 



family of &>ktm of &kntc 

FROM THE FAMILY PAPERS 
WITH OTHER ILLUSTRATIVE DOCUMENTS 



EDITED BY 

WILLIAM FORBES SKENE, D.C.L., LL.D. 
Her Majesty's Historiographer for Scotland 



ABERDEEN 
IflcmteD foe tlje jjleto S>p.iloing Club 

1887 



Gbe IRew SpalMno Club. 

Founded irtli November, tSSb. 

patroness : 
HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN. 



OFFICE IB IE SKIERS foe. i! 
prestocM : 
THE EARL OF ABERDEEN. 



The Duke of Richmond and GoRr 

The Earl of Strathmore. 

The Earl of Kintore. 

The Earl of Fife, K.T. 

The Lord Forbes. 

The Lord Provost of Aberdeen. 



1^35 

Wfccspregftento : 
<, K.G. i The Principal of the University of Aberdeen. 
I Charles Elphinstone-Dalrymple, of Kinellar 

Lodge. 
j George Grub, LL.D. 

Alexander Forbes Irvine, of Drum, LL.D. 
I John Webster, of Edgehill, LL.D. 

/members of Council : 



The Earl of Southesk, K.T. 

The Lord Saltoun. 

The Bishop of Aberdeen and Orkney. 

Sir Francis W. Grant, Bart, of Monymusk. 

Sir George Macpherson-Grant, Iiart. of Ballindalloch. 

Sir William C. Brooks, Bart., Glentanar, M.P. 

Sir Mountstuart Elphinstone Grant-Duff, of Eden, 

K.C.S.I. 
William Alexander, LL.D., Aberdeen. 
Colonel James Allardyce, Aberdeen. 
Alexander Baird, of Urie. 
George Burnett, LL.D., Lyon King of Arms, 
fames A. Campbell, of Stracathro, LL.D., M.P. 
The Rev. James Cooper, Aberdeen. 
Peter M. Cran, Aberdeen. 
John Crombie, of Balgownie Lodge. 
Alexander Davidson, of Desswood. 
Charles B. Davidson, Aberdeen. 
The Rev. John Davidson, D.D., Inverurie. 
Thomas Dickson, LL.D., H.M. General Register 

House. 
Francis Edmond, of Kingswells, LL.D. 
John Philip Edmond, Aberdeen. 
Robert !'. O. Faiquharson, of Haughton. 
William Ferguson, of Kinmundy. 
The Rev. James Gammack, LL.D., Aberdeen. 
James Murray Garden, Aberdeen. 



Henrv Wolrige-Gordon, of Esslemont. 

The Rev. Walter Gregor, LL.D., Pitsligo. 

Alexander Kemlo, Aberdeen. 

Colonel William Ross King, of Tertowie. 

The Rev. James Forbes-Leith, S.J., Paris. 

George Arbuthnot-Leslie, of Warthill. 

David Littlejohn, Sheriff-Clerk, Aberdeen. 

Charles Fraser-Mackintosh, of Drummond, M.P. 

Hugh Gordon Lumsden, of Clova. 

James Matthews, of Springhill. 

The Rev. John G. Michie, Dinnet. 

James Moir, Rector of the Grammar School, 

Aberdeen. 
Arthur D. Morice, Aberdeen. 
Charles Rampini, Sheriff-Substitute, Elgin. 
Alexander Ramsay, Banff. 
Major John Ramsay, of Barra. 
Alexander W. Robertson, Aberdeen. 
Hercules Scott, of Brotherton. 
William Forbes Skene, D.C.L., LL.D., H.M. 

Historiographer for Scotland. 
The Rev. William Temple, Forgue. 
Alexander Walker, Aberdeen. 
George Walker, Aberdeen. 
Robert Walker, Aberdeen. 
John Dove Wilson, LL.D., Sheriff-Substitute, 

Aberdeen. 



Secretary : 

Peter John Anderson, 2 East Craibstone Street, Aberdeen. 

Uvcaaurcr : 

Patrick Henderson Chalmers, 13 Union Terrace, Aberdeei 



PREFACE. 

WHEN the Council of the New Spalding Club asked me 
to undertake to compile a history of the ancient 
Aberdeenshire family of Skene of Skene, which they proposed 
to issue as the first of a series of histories of ancient northern 
families, I willingly undertook the task, as I had ample materials 
at my disposal, the result of researches made by my late father 
into the Family History. I felt, however, that there might be 
a disadvantage in selecting one for this task who was himself 
among the few remaining male descendants of the family, from 
a natural tendency to over-estimate the importance of the Skene 
family, and the consideration in which it was held, fostered as it 
was in some degree by the language of previous family historians; 
but I have endeavoured to avoid this tendency, and to present a 
plain historical narrative of the history of the family, so far as it 
is based on authentic documents. 

If there had existed only one manuscript history of the family 
of Skene of Skene, I would have been disposed to follow the 
example of my late much esteemed friend — Mr. Cosmo Innes — 
in the family histories edited by him for the original Spalding 
Club, and to print the family history entire, adding such 
authentic documents as tended to illustrate it; but I had no fewer 
than five manuscript histories of the family, written at different 
dates, at my disposal, and I therefore thought it better simply 
to insert extracts from them when it was desirable to present 



the narrative in their language instead of my own, and to add 
a reference to such authentic documents as confirmed or 
corrected it. 

The fact that I was able to refer to so many family histories, 
written at different periods, has, however, enabled me to shew 
the gradual growth and development of the traditionary history 
of the origin of the family. 

The curious circumstance that in 1296 John de Skene, the 
first historic person of the name, bore as a cognizance the head 
of John the Baptist, while Patrick de Skene, the Clericics, bore 
on his Seal three Skenes or dirks, and that the Kirktown of Skene 
belonged to the family, rather indicates that the name of Skene 
was primarily connected with the Church, and extended from 
thence to the barony, while the wolves' heads do not then appear 
as forming part of the cognizance of the family. A circumstance, 
however, connected with the arms of an ancient English family, 
throws some light upon this fact. The Plumptons of Plumpton 
Hall were Hereditary Foresters of the Ancient Royal Forest of 
Knaresborough, in the West Riding of Yorkshire. In Wharf- 
dale, which formed part of the Forest, and was anciently covered 
with wood, still stands Plumpton Hall, a tower very similar to 
the old tower of Skene ; and there is still preserved in it an old 
stone coat-of-arms of the Plumptons, shewing three wolves 
heads in /esse, a cognizance indicating, according to tradition, 
their connection with the Forest, which was infested by wolves, 
a certain number of which they were bound to kill each year. 
The only family in Scotland which bore three wolves' heads, 
besides the Skenes, was that of the Robertsons of Strowan, and 
they too were connected with a Forest, for their principal pos- 
session was the great north-west Forest of Atholl, called the 
Forest of Glengarry. The position of this family in the earlier 
generations was an exact counterpart of that of the Skenes. 
They possessed the Kirktown of Strowan, took their designation 



from it — though the smallest of their possessions— and when their 
lands were erected into a Barony the name of Strowan was given 
to the Barony. In like manner the Skene lands were originally 
part of a Forest. The family, too, possessed the Kirktown of 
Skene, took their designation from it, and when the lands were 
erected into a Barony it was termed the Barony of Skene. The 
Seal of Patrick the Clericus of Skene shews that the cognizance of 
the name was three Skenes or dirks, and the three wolves' heads 
borne upon them were no doubt derived from their original 
connection with the Forest. The combination of the two may 
have given rise to the tradition of the first Skene having saved 
the King from a wolf, and presented his head upon a Skene 
or dirk. 

In the narrative which I have given of the different gener- 
ations of the family of Skene of Skene, with its branches, I 
have not thought it necessary to print at length the Charters 
and Retours which I have referred to in support of it, but have 
merely quoted them from the originals in the Charter Chests, 
or from the Public Records, as they do not in fact possess any 
interest beyond the proof they afford of the succession of the 
different heads of the family. The chief value of such family 
histories lies much more in the pictures they afford of the social 
position and habits of life of such families at different periods, 
thus illustrating the social development of the country ; and 
these I have endeavoured to bring out as much as possible, both 
in the principal narrative and in the documents in the Appendix, 
which were selected with that view. Thus we can see these 
ancient Scottish Barons living in a tower "built of three arches 
or stories, and entered by a ladder on the second story." We 
can see the younger sons having no other resource than either 
to enter the Church, or to have their names inscribed in the 
rental books of the family as kindly tenants of some outlying 
farm, which their descendants, if the laird was embarrassed, 



acquired as property, or else descended to the condition of 
ordinary farmers. Then some generations later we see the 
increasing trade of the country, and the new ideas and new life 
infused into society by the Reformation, sending the younger 
sons of such families to seek their subsistence in other fields. 
We see them now obtaining a better education in the newly 
founded Colleges, some of them taking a University degree, 
and distinguished from their less cultivated brothers by the title 
of "' Mr.," a designation at that time exclusively confined to 
Masters of Arts ; and then sometimes teaching for some years in 
their College as Regents. We can see those who would have 
entered the Church becoming Notaries Public, adopting learned 
professions, or becoming Professors in these Colleges. We can 
see others breaking through the aristocratic line of demarcation 
between land and Burgh, and, becoming burgesses of the 
County town, whence, if they were prosperous in trade, they 
again emerged and founded new County families by purchasing 
land. Add to this the foundation of the College of Justice, and 
the increasing trade between Scotland and the Netherlands and 
Poland, in which Aberdeen took a large share, and we can see 
the scions of County families resorting to one or other as an 
outlet for their energies, and a means of acquiring fame and 
fortune. 

We can thus see the sons of one obscure Notary Public 
on Deeside furnishing a Professor of Medicine, who became 
Physician to the King, and a learned Advocate, who was "a 
good, trew, stout man, like a Dutche man, and culd mak them 
lang harangues in Latin," sent as Ambassador to Foreign 
Courts, and occupying the high position of Lord Clerk Register, 
receiving letters from learned persons abroad (App. n.), and 
laudatory verses at home (App. in.), while his last years are 
embittered by disputes among his sons, and the efforts which 
the Archbishop of St. Andrews narrates in such quaint language 



to bring them to a settlement are defeated by the influence of 
the puritan mother-in-law of the eldest son (App. iv.) We can 
see a member of another branch occupying the position of 
Conservator of Scotch privileges at Campvere, in the Nether- 
lands (App. i.) ; the younger son of a Midmar farmer of the Hal- 
yards in Fife branch settling at Venloo, in the same country, and 
founding a family, now occupying an important and influential 
position in Austria ; and the younger son of a Belhelvie farmer 
of the Westercorse branch acquiring a fortune in Poland, 
returning home, and founding a County family. We can see 
a younger son of the Halyards in Midlothian family in the 
army, serving in the Netherlands, marrying a young Dutch girl, 
and dying at Tournay, and we can read the touching letters 
written by himself from his deathbed, and by his young widow 
(App. vn.) We can see a specimen of the intolerance exercised 
by Charles I. in Scotland, under the auspices of Archbishop Laud, 
when a Judge of the Court of Session was in danger of losing his 
position because he had not communicated kneeling at Easter 
in St. Giles (App. v.) ; while some years after we find him 
President of the Court of Session, and rewarded by a Nova 
Scotia Baronetcy, his patent, like other early patents, containing 
the grant of a Barony, with almost regal jurisdiction, in Nova 
Scotia, where the grantees were expected to settle, but which 
grants were rendered nugatory by the entire district being 
possessed by the French in 1638 (App. vi.) We can see, too, 
the remarkable current of religious feeling which soon after 
spread over Scotland, when a Magistrate of Aberdeen, and 
his family, became Quakers, and a Provost of Aberdeen made 
a solemn renunciation of his sins (App. ix.) 

The History of the Skenes of Skene, and the families 
whose descent from them can be traced, terminates with that 
family to which I belong, two families whose connection with 
the chief family has not been traced being placed in the 



Appendix (No. i.) When I approached the present generation 
of my own family I felt myself treading on delicate ground, as 
I naturally desired to do justice to the members of it, and 
especially to the character and accomplishments so generally 
recognised of my late father, but was afraid that I might be led into 
over laudation. I was therefore glad, in the case of my father, 
to be able to substitute for my own account the obituary notice 
of him addressed to the Royal Society of Edinburgh, by so 
distinguished a man as Sir David Brewster, and to conclude 
the Appendix by adding the well-known lines addressed to him 
by his life-long friend, Sir Walter Scott (App. x.) 

I was also glad to be able to supply the full-page illustrations 
to this volume from the collection of my father's drawings, part 
of which had already appeared in the edition of Spalding's 
Troubles, printed for the Bannatyne Club. 

I have, in conclusion, to record my thanks to my friend, 
Charles Elphinstone-Dalrymple, Esq., for the kind interest he 
has taken in the work, and the judicious advice 1 have received 
from him ; and also to the Secretary of the New Spalding Club, 
P. J. Anderson, Esq., who has kindly revised my proof sheets, 
and given me many valuable suggestions from time to time. 

I have only to add, that in compiling the history of so many 
branches of the family, I may occasionally have been led into 
inaccuracies of date or statement, for which I hope to meet with 
indulgence. 

WILLIAM F. SKENE. 



27 I.WEKI.EITII 

Edinburgh, Decern 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



List of 


ILLUSTRATIONS 


XV. 


Introduction 


• 


Chapter 


I. — Skene of Skene ... 


5 


Chapter 


II. — Skene of Halyards in Fife 


49 




Skene of Pitlour 


61 




Skene of Prerau in Austria 


64 


Chapter 


III. — Skene of Dumbreck 


6 9 




Skene of Newtyle 


75 


Chapter 


IV. — Skene of Dyce ... 


82 


Chapter 


V. — Skene of Westercorse and Ramore 


90 




Skene of Curriehill 


106 




Skene of Halyards in Midlothian ... 


U7 




Skene of Belhelvie 


123 




Skene of Rubislaw 


131 



„. 



Appendix of Illustrative Documents. 

-Families whose descent from Skene of Skene has not 

been traced — ,, AGE 

1. Skene of Ruthrieston ... ... ... 147 

2. Skene of Auchtererne ... ... ... 151 

-Foreign Letters addressed to Sir John Skene, between 

1586 and 1598 ... ... ... ... 155 

III. — Laudatory Verses addressed to Sir John Skene on his 

publishing the " Regiam Majestatcm " in 1609 ... 1S0 

k IV. — Letters connected with transactions between Sir John 

Skene and his Sons in 1614 ... ... ... 186 

V. — Proceedings connected with a complaint against Sir 
James Skene of Curriehill for not communicating at 
Easter, 1619 ... ... ... ... ... 193 

VI. — Patent of Baronetcy in favour of Sir James Skene of 

Curriehill, 26th January, 1630 ... ... ... 197 

VII. — Letters from Hugh Skene and his wife, Petronella Van 

Sorgen, addressed to the Lady Halyards ... 225 

VIII. — Papers connected with the Skenes of Belhelvie ... 228 

IX. — A Solemn Renunciation of Sins by Sir George Skene 

of Wester Fintray and Rubislaw, 24th August, 1684 240 
X. — Introduction to Canto Fourth of " Marmion," addressed 

by Sir Walter Scott to James Skene of Rubislaw ... 243 

Index ... ... ... ... ... ... 251 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 



Skene House ... 

The Skene preserved in the Skene Charter Chest . 

Seals of Johan de Skene and Patrick de Skene 

Arms of Alexander Skene of Skene and Giles Adii 

Castle of Halyards in Fife 

Arms of Mr. Andrew Skene and Jean Coutts 

Arms of Robert Skene and Marjory Forbes 

Arms of Sir James Skene of Curriehill 

Castle of Halyards in Midlothian 

Arms of Skene of Halyards in Midlothian 

House of Rubislavv 

House in the Guestrow, Aberdeen 

Arms of Sir George Skene of Wester Fintray 

Arms of John Skene of Halyards in Fife 



Frontispiece, 
to face 5 

IO 

48 

to face 49 

68 

81 

116 

to face \\j 

122 

to face 131 

to face 133 

145 

250 



MEMORIALS OF THE FAMILY OF SKENE OF SKENE. 



INTRODUCTION. 



THE materials for a history of the ancient Aberdeenshire Family 
of Skene of Skene are more than usually abundant. They 
consist of the family papers in the charter chest of Skene of Skene, 
in the possession of the Earl of Fife, now the heir of line of the family ; 
those in the charter chest of the family of Rubislaw, and in that of the 
family of Curriehill and Halyards, which fell to the late James Skene of 
Rubislaw, on the failure of that branch ; and five manuscript histories, 
compiled at different times. 

The oldest of these (MS.A) is a manuscript bearing the' following 
title, " Origo nominis necnon familiae de Skein," and concluding with the 
following docquet, " Thir presents are exhibited by a wellwisher of both 
the families, viz., the Laird of Glenbervie, called Douglas, whose draught 
thereof is wrytten by Mr. Alexander Skene, Aberdeen, 22 January, 
1678." This Mr. Alexander Skene is obviously also the compiler of 
another manuscript, containing coats of arms of all the principal Scottish 
families. The Skene families among them are — " Skene of that ilk, G. 3 
wolfe-heads couped O., on the poynts of as many swords paleways A. 
hilted and pomelled of the 2d. ; Skene of Halyards in Lothian ; Skene 
of Halyards in Fyfe ; Skene of Fintrie ; Skene of Remore ; Skene of 
Dyce; Skene of Bandodle ; Skene of Dumbreck ; Skene of Corrihill ; 
Skene of Tillibirlach ; Skene of Newtyle ; Gilbert Skene [his own 
ancestor], bears the principall armes of the house, and for his cognisance 

B 



MEMORIALS OF THE FAMILY 



anc helme befitting his degree, bearing upon it ane wolfe sayhant." After 
which occurs the following docquet : — 



Adjuvants Jchovali 



d by an alphabetical Index, and by some Notes 



Hunc librum Pinxit 

Alex 1 - Skene 

Scoto-Abredonensis 

A.. E.G. 1678 

cui 25'° Julij coronidem 

Imposuit ma'Ture 86£a flew. 

() si possem pingere ^Eternitati 

Ducc Dei) quidvis potest quivis. 

•'pbm. rjM now p-hs * 

Sors mihi grata cadet. 

This is f. 
on Heraldry. 

There can, I think, be little difficulty in identifying the compiler of these 
two manuscripts with a Mr. Alexander Skene, a man of some note and 
culture at the time, in Aberdeen, whose brother James, about the same 
time, held the office of Lyon Depute. They were, as will afterwards 
appear, sons of a Robert Skene, merchant burgess of Aberdeen, and 
treasurer of the burgh. Alexander, his eldest son, was born in 1621, 
and admitted a burgess in 1625, when only four years old — "jure 
paternitatis et dispens. cum jurejurando quia pupillus est et infra 
aetatem." In 164S he was a Master of Arts, as appears from a sasine 
in favour " probi et discreti adolescentis magistri Alexandri Skene." 
In 1656 he became a magistrate of the town, and in the same year was 
chosen, as one of the nearest of kin, curator of John Skene of that ilk, 
whom he addresses, in 1675, in a letter in the same charter chest, as 
his " beloved friend." 

* I am indebted to the Reverend Walter MacLeod for the following explanation of the 
Hebrew — " The Hebrew lines are not from any particular text, so far as I can discover, but the 
phraseology is Scriptural. They may be thus rendered : — 

For in Thee, Lord, is my hope : 
Therefore I rejoice in my portion."' 



OF SKENE OF SKENE. j 

In 1685 there appeared in Aberdeen a work with the title of 
" Memorialls for the Government of the Royall-Burghs in Scotland. 
By *IA0II0AITEI0Y2, or a lover of the Publick wellfare" ; and, in the 
same year, " A Succinct Survey of the famous City of Aberdeen. By 
a Zealous Lover of Bon-Accord, 3>IAOIIOAITEIOY2." That Baillie 
Alexander Skene was the author appears from an entry in the Council 
Register in the same year — "the little book latlie emitted be M r Alex 1 ' 
Skene late bailie dedicat to the Mag rals and Counscll .... to get 
tuentie thereof for the touns vse " (vol. lvii, p. 198). 

His position, his literary character, and his connection with the family 
of Skene of Skene necessarily give great weight to his account of the 
family, and especially to that period when he must have been personally 
cognisant of the facts he narrates. 

The second manuscript history, in point of date (MS.B), is unfortunately 
anonymous. Its title is " Some special Accounts concerning the house 
of Skene," and it belonged to the late Andrew Skene, advocate, Solicitor- 
General for Scotland. This account, however, must have been written 
between the years 1680 and 1724, as the writer mentions, "John Skene 
of that ilk, who was father to the present Laird of Skene, whose name 
is Alexander," and Alexander succeeded his father in 1680, and died in 
1724. From its silence as to later events, it was probably written not 
long after the former date. 

Of the third manuscript (MS.C) we can give a more distinct account. Its . 
title is " Ane account of Sir John Skene, Lord Curriehill, Clerk Register, 
his Predecessors and Successors " ; and there is this docquet — " This 
account was written by Mr. Robert Cowpar, brother to Sir John Cowpar 
of Gogar, who died in the 90th year of his age in the year 1726, at 
Balherton, in Midlothian, near Edinburgh. Sir John Cowpar's father was 
married (as per the account) to Mr. John Skene of Halyards, one of the 
principal Clerks of Session, his eldest daughter, Helen Skene ; and Mr. 
John Skene of Halyards was Sir John's second son, who was a son of 
Skene of Raemoir's, the eldest cadet of the family of Skene of that ilk, 
now gone into the name of Hpg, by the heiress marrying this Raemoir's 
father, who was first of that name. This is copied out of the original 
manuscript by John Ramsay of Menies, lineally descended of the family , 
of Dalhousie, Anno 1727." This account, therefore, belongs to the same 
period with the previous manuscript. 



4 MEMORIALS OK THE FAMILY OF SKENE OF SKENE. 

The fourth manuscript account of the family(MS.D) consists of separate 
" accounts of the families of Skene of Skene, of Skene of Halyards (in 
Fife), and of Skene of Curriehill and Halyards, in Lothian ; to which is 
added some accounts concerning the family of Skene of that ilk ; an 
account of Sir George Skene of Wester Fintray, his predecessors, and 
account of some of the predecessors of Giles Adie, wife of Alexander 
Skene, who died at Skene, 20th January, 1724." These formed part of 
" The account of the families of Scotland, in the possession of the late 
George Chalmers, F.R.S.S.A.," and may be dated about 1770. 

The last manuscript account (MS.E) is a volume with the title 
" Parentalia, or Genealogical Notes with reference to the different families 
of the name of Skene and others allied to the family of Skene of Rubislaw, 
collected from various sources by James Skene, 1820." This manuscript 
is chiefly valuable from recording many of the floating traditions regarding 
the family history, which were still current at the date at which it was 
compiled, and which the author lost no opportunity of obtaining from 
those old persons in whose memory they were still preserved. 

The following memorials are compiled partly from these manuscript 
histories, and partly from documents among the family papers, or extracted 
from the public records. Where no references are added, they are from 
documents in the various charter chests. 




f 



"ReprcsejUation of the ancient Ihrli or Skein., preserved in the Skene lharter 
i hest and brln fed to Innr been used as .1 symbol of investiture from (he Lime, 
when the lands weie erected tnl« a fiartmv in 131]' V* size 



CHAPTER I. 

SKENE OF SKENE. 

ABOUT ten miles due west from Aberdeen is the Loch of Skene, a 
considerable sheet of water, and on the north side of it extends 
the ancient barony of Skene, co-extensive with the more modern parish 
of the same name. It is bounded on the north by the parishes of 
Kinellar and Kintore, on the west by the parishes of Kinnernic, now- 
annexed to Cluny, and Echt, and on the east by the freedom lands of 
Aberdeen. The barony consisted of two distinct portions. The western 
and larger portion contained the lands of the Maynes or Dominical 
lands of Skene, Hattown, Broomhill, Newton, Tearavell, Over and 
Nether Auchinlech, Craigdarg, Letter, Bervie, Easter and Wester Kin- 
mundie, Easter and Wester Carney, Fiddie, Mill of Keir, Ord, Blackhill, 
Graystone, Rodgerhill, and Broadiach. The eastern and smaller portion, 
usually termed the lands of Easter Skene, consisted of the Kirkton 
of Skene, Liddach, Garlogie, and Millbuie. On the former was situated 
the old tower of Skene, said by tradition to be the first built stone house 
in Mar. It now forms the west wing of the House of Skene. On Easter 
Skene was the Church of Skene, now a parish church, but formerly a 
vicarage, dependent upon the mother church of Kinkell. 

These lands were erected into a barony by King Robert Bruce, in the 
year 13 17, and have from time immemorial been in the possession of the 
baronial family of Skene of Skene. Mr. Robert Cowpar tells the following 
anecdote with reference to the antiquity of the family. He says — " This 
present Laird of Skene's father being in Edinburgh, and desirous to see his 
relations, Sir John Cowpar of Gogar being in company with him at the 
Cross of Edinburgh, asked him if he desired to see and be acquainted 
with my Lady Dundonald, being ane relation of his, he was very well 



6 SKENE OF SKENE. 

pleased, and they went together to her lodging. Sir John Cowpar, intro- 
ducing him to the Countess of Dundonald, told her he had brought her 
Chief the Laird of Skene to wait upon her. She received him with great 
joy and kindness, being the person in the world she longed to see, being 
her chief, and hearing that he was ane old family — ' But, Skene, I would 
gladly know what you can produce to instruct your antiquity?' ' I can 
instruct, in my charter-chest, one-and-thirty services and retours, from father 
to son, and not a daughter intervening ; ' whereupon she called upon the 
Earl of Dundonald, and gave him account of what Skene told her ; the 
Earl being so well pleased that he embraced him and carried him to his 
foreroom, where there were several noblemen in company with the Earl, 
and desired them to take his Lady's chief by the hand, who could say 
that which, he believed, none of them could say the like. ' This Laird of 
Skene can produce, lying in his charter chest, thirty-one services and 
retours, from father to son, and not a daughter intervening ; ' which all of 
them declared there was none of them could say the like, and that it was 
both ane honest and old evidence of his family ; so this present old laird's 
son is thirty-third from father to son" (MS.C) — and no doubt none of them 
could say the like, and it would have been "ane honest and old evidence" 
if the retours could have been produced ; but that the old laird's son was 
the thirty-third from father to son, was simply a matter of traditionary 
belief, evidently derived from the legendary origin of the family. Taking 
the average length of a generation in the Skene family, which, from the 
early marriages of the lairds, is unusually small, thirty-one generations 
would take us back to the eleventh century, and through a period when 
there were no such documents as services and retours. 

The traditionary origin of the family is thus given by Mr. Alexander 
Skene, in 1678 : — 

" Ane old tradition y r is that the tribe and family of Skein had their 
origin from Struan Robertson of Athole, and they from McDonald, and 
y< our first author was a son of the Laird of Struans, and had his first* 
donation immediately from the king, for killing ane devouring wolfe in 
the forest, near the freddom land of Aberdeen, for which he got ye 
confirmation of East and Wester Skein, to the freedom of Abd n , and 
that with ane coat of arms helmed and flurished, relating to the valorous 
act, viz., 3 wolfs heads erazed upon the points of 3 Skeens, triumphant 
in a field of Gules ; above the helmet ane naked hand holding a laurel 



SKENE OF SKENE. 7 

branch, w' this motto, ' Virtutis Regia merces,' which arms are registered 
in ye booke of Heraldry. Under the reign of what king y' happened I 
am not certainly informed. But sure I am that there was lately in the 
charter chest of the House of Skein a restauration from a forfauture 
granted by K. W. the Lion. This is now amissing." (MS. A). 

Sir George Mackenzie, in his " Science of Heraldry," published two 
years after, in 1680, gives the same account. He says — "Some also derive 
their names as well as their arms from some considerable action ; and 
thus a second son of Struan Robertson, for killing of a wolf in Stocket 
Forrest by a durk in the king's presence, got the name of Skein, which 
signifies a durk in Irish, and three durk-points in pale for his armes." (p. 5.) 

The next manuscript account, written not very long after, gives us the 
king's name. It says — "King Malcolm Kenmore, having defeat the Danes 
at Mortlich, which was then the Bishop's see, and killed the King of Den- 
mark there, on his road south from the Buttoch of Mortlich, being fiercely 
purshewed by a devouring woulfe in the wood of Culbleun, which then 
stretched itself from Breymar to the forest of the Stocket of Aberdeen, 

miles abov that town, a second son of Donald of the Isles, perceiving 
the fierceness of the woulfe with his open mouth coming upon the king, 
wrapt his plaid about his left arme, and thrust in his mouth, and interposed 
himselfe to the furie of the wyld beast rather than have his prince in 
hazard, and then, with his right hand, drew his Skene, and under his arme 
that was in the mouth of the woulfe, struck in his Skein at his head, and 
cut of his head and delivered to King Malcombe, for the quhilk Malcome 
gave him the lands of Skene, and caused him to be called Skene of y< 
ilk, as lykways the great Laik or Loch of Skene, being sax myles of 
circuit, well plenishcd with fresh water fishes, Elk Bulls and Croched 
Cows on the sydes thereof, who have but on ear or lug, and gives exceeding 
mutch milk, and are said never seen to Bulc, but its vulgarly reported that 
these Elfe Bulls comes out in the night season and returne with a great 
Bulying in the Watter. 

" The armes given for this noble atchievement and act of valour was 
Gules, three Skeines palewayes, in fess argent, pomelled or, surmounted 
of alse many woolfe heads couped of the third ; above the shield ane 
helmit befitting his degree, mantled gules, doubled argent ; supported on 
the dexter by a Dunewassell in highland habit, viz., a blue bonnet, 
pinched up on the left syde with a bon pin, a slashed out coat or doublet, 



S SKENE OF SKENE. 

enveloped with a plaid over his left shoulder, and girded in his sword, and 
his left hand curving up the shield, and in his right hand a Skene or 
dagger guarding it, and on the sinister syd a Gillieweetfoot, with his 
master's target on his left arme, and his doorlach pendant to his heels, 
with short hoise, and rullions on his foot ; and for his Crest a Crowne of 
Lawrell, with this motto over it, in a scroll, ' virtutis regia metres' This 
Coat was donum Regis, and not the douyer of a Herauld. . . . 

" John Skene of y* ilk, who was father to the present Laird of Skene, 
whose name is Alexander, was the Twentie-sevent Laird of Skene served 
and retoured, as the breves and services by the Monsars [Macers] and 
Sheriffe Court Books of Aberdene can witness." (MS.B.) 

The third manuscript 'MS.C repeats the traditionary origin given by 
Mr. Alexander Skene in 1678 ; but Sir John Cowpar, in introducing this 
John Skene of that ilk to Lady Dundonald, adds four generations to the 
twenty-seven given in the previous manuscript, and credits him with 
thirty -one services and retours. 

In the next manuscript history (MS.D) we find a still further develop- 
ment of the story, extending, in the same manner, the antiquity of the 
family. The author repeats the story in MS.B, but substitutes Malcolm the 
Second as the King, and gives 10 14 as the date, and then adds to it this 
further account : — " The first of this family we have now upon record is 
John de Skeen, who lived in the reign of King Malcolm Canmore, after 
whose death he had the misfortune to join Donald Bain, the usurper, who 
was his near relative, for which he was most justly forfeited by King 
Edgar. But afterwards, in the reign of King Alexander 1st., when that 
monarch was marching against the Rebels in the North, the Laird of 
Skeen joined the Royal army, did them singular service in assisting them 
to pass the rivers, and in short behaved with such courage and mag- 
nanimity against the King's Enemies upon every occasion, that his 
Majesty was graciously pleased to rehabilitate him, and restored unto him 
his Estate of Skene, Anno_i 118 (in the charter chest of the family), which 
has been enjoyed by his posterity ever since." 

In another edition of this manuscript the story is thus told : — 

" The family, by the troublesome times which afterwards prevailed, 
lost man)- of their charters and principal papers, so that there is very 
little accounts of thirteen Lairds of Skene who succeeded one another, 
from King Malcolm the second to the time of King Robert the Bruce ; 



SKENE OF SKENE. 9 

only there is still extant a Restoraution from a forfaulture of the Lands 
of Skene, granted by King Alexander the first to John de Skene, An. 
j 1 1 8 ; and the tradition of the forfaulture is, that upon Donald Bane 
usurping the Crown of Scotland, after the death of King Malcolm the 
Third, surnamed Keanmore, the then Laird of Skene joined with Donald 
as his relation, for which he was forfeited ; and upon King Alexander 
succeeding to the Crown, and going north to Murray, to subdue the 
Rebells, who had attacked him in his Castle of Luff, in the Carse of 
Gowrie, the Laird of Skene followed the king north, and by his valour 
and conduct was the principal mean of passing the king and his army over 
the water of Spey, in spite of the Rebells who had taken possession of 
the Foords, and did the king many other remarkable services in that 
campaign, for which- he was restored by him to his Estate." 

It is no wonder that the writer could find little account of the supposed 
thirteen early Lairds of Skene, but he makes up for the want of records, 
by transposing the restoration from forfeiture, which Mr. Alexander Skene 
said was granted by King William the Lion, to the reign of Alexander I. 
in 1 1 18, and attaches to it a fanciful tale, in which he appropriates to 
his imaginary Laird of Skene the valiant actions which Hector Boece 
attributes to Alexander Carron, the king's standard bearer. 

The first appearance of the surname of Skene, in any authentic 
document, is in_j 296^ when " Johan de Skene del counte de Edneburh," 
and " Johan de Skene, Patrick de Skene del counte de Aberdene,*' did 
homage to King Edward the First (Calendar of Documents relating 
to Scotland, pp. 203-208). The seals attached to these homages are 
preserved, and show that Johan de Skene del counte de Edneburh and 
del counte de Aberdene was the same person. His seal bears the 
device of a head of John the Baptist upon a charger, with a hand 
pointing down, and the inscription " S. Ioh'is de Sceyn." The Seal 
of Patrick de Skene has the device of a small shield within quatrefoil, 
bearing three Skenes or dirks paleways, "S. Patricii de Sken Cl'ici." It is 
probable that Johan de Skene did homage as holding the lands of Skene, 
with the Tower, of the Crown, and Patrick as holding the lands of Easter 
Skene, containing the Kirktown of Skene, and that he was himself the 
vicar of Skene. The name of Skene is thus plainly territorial. And 
as these Church lands always formed part of the subsequent barony, we 
may infer that, like other families, the Skenes were hereditary possessors 
C 



IO SKENE OF SKENE. 

of the vicarage of Skene, and took their name from it. What lands 
Johan de Skene possessed in the county of Edinburgh it is difficult to 
say, but they may have been the lands of Halyards, in the parish of 
Kirkliston, which were afterwards acquired by the family, and were 
connected with the possessions of the Hospitallers or Knights of St. John 
of Jerusalem ; and so may have given rise to the device upon his seal. 
This is the more probable as his successor, in 1358, as we shall afterwards 
see, bore the name of Gilian, which means the servant of St. John. 





Seals of Johan de Skene and Patrick de Skene. 

There are some documents, however, which bear upon the territorial 
history of the lands. In the Chartulary of the Bishopric of Aberdeen is the 
following: — "Conventio inter Petrum episcopum et Alanum Hostiarium." 
"Hec est conuentio facta inter vencrabilem patrem episcopum Aberdon- 
ensem ex parte vna et dominum Alanum hostiarium justiciarium Scotie ex 
altera. Videlicet quod dictus dominus Alanus hostiarius dedit et concessit 
Deo et ecclesie beate Marie et sancte Machorij de Aberdon et episcopoPetro 
eiusque successoribus viginti duos solidos sterlingorum legalium de terra 
sua de Schene ad duos terminos imperpetuum percipiendos medietatem 
videlicet ad Penthecosten et aliam medietatem ad festum sancti Martini in 
yeme pro decimis de Onele quas sui antecessores Episcopi ex collatione 
illustris regis Dauid et regum successorum eiusdem actenus percipere 
debuerant. quas quidem decimas predictus Petrus episcopus prefato Alano 
hostiario et heredibus suis pro dictis xxij solidis annuatim soluendis 



SKENE OF SKENE. II 

imperpetuum dimisit et quietcclamauit. Ita tamen quod dicta terra de 
Schen pro prefata quantitate pecunie dictis termini's soluenda Episcopo 
Aberdonensi qui pro tempore fuerit in perpetuum remaneat obligata. 
In cujus rei testimonium parti hujus scripture in modum cirograffi 
confectc penes dictum dominum Alanum remanenti sigillum dicti domini 
Episcopi vna cum sigillo capituli ecclesie sue Aberdonensis est appositum. 
alteri vero parti penes dominum Episcopum residenti sigillum prefati 
domini Alani est appensum. Hiis testibus domino Willelmo de Brechyne. 
W. Byset. Colmero hostiario. Johanne de vallibus. Gregorio de maleuile. 
R. Flandrensi. magistro W. officiali Aberdonensi. domino Gilberto de 
Strivelyng. et Hugone de Bennam canonicis ecclesie Aberdonensis 
et alijs." — (i. 17). 

In a Rental of the Bishopric, in the reign of Alexander III., there is 
this entry — " De terris de Skyen dentur domino Episcopo Aberdonensi 
pro secundis decimis de Onelc xxij. s. ex conuentione inter episcopum 
et capitulum Aberdonense et Alanum Hostiarum dominum earundem." — 
(I- 57)- 

Alan Hostiarius or Dunvard died in 1275, so that this agreement 
must have been entered into before that date. What his precise connec- 
tion with the lands of Skene was, at this time, is not very clear, but it may 
be inferred that he possessed only the superiority of the lands from the 
following circumstance. 

The Church of Skene was undoubtedly a vicarage dependent upon the 
Church of Kinkcll. In the same Register there is the following: — "Carta 
domini comitis mariscalli facta magistro Alexandra Gallouay rectori a 
Kinkell de et super concessione vnius crofte iuxta ecclesiam de Skein 
pro mansione construenda vicario dicte ecclesie. Celebrando missam 
hebdomadatim omni secunda feria. Data apud Castrum de Kyntor xij 
Decembris A.D. mdxxxix." — (1. 416). What the Earl Marischall's 
connection with the lands was will after appear. In 161 3 there is in 
the Register of the Privy Seal " ane letter maid makand mention 
that umquhile Mr. Thomas Lumsden, parson of Kinkell, had, by tack, 
to Alexander Skene of that ilk, set to him the teind Sheaves of the 
lands of Wester Skene, &c." And by an Act of the Scotch Parliament, 
in 1649, the kirks of Drumblate, Skeene, Kintore, Kynnellar, Dyce, and 
Kemnay, "as being kirks and pendicles of the kirke of Kinkell of auld 
erected in ane benefice and parsonage, quhairof the kirkis aboue writtin 



12 SKENE OF SKENE. 

were proper parts and pendicles," are dissolved, disunited, and separated, 
"with the right of patronage and title of the tcynds rexue of the samen kirks 
from the forsaid kirk and benefice of Kinkell," and declared " tn be 
severall and distinct paroche kirkis and parochines be thameselffis, and 
nowayes to be parts and pendicles of the said kirk of Kinkell, benefice 
and personage theirof, in all tyme comeing." — (Acts of Pari, vi., pt. ii., I S3). 

This parsonage of Kinkell was, as its name implies, the plebania or 
mother church of the great Thanage of Kintore ; and the lands attached 
to the other dependent vicarages all belonged to the Thanage. It is 
therefore probable that the lands of Skene originally formed part of the 
Thanage of Kintore ; and the narrative is probably correct which 
describes it as forming part of an extended forest, for that part of the 
parish of Kintore which bounds it on the north, was the "foresta de 
Kintore," and at the northern extremity of the forest was the old tower of 
Hall Forest, believed to have been a hunting seat of the Scottish kings. 
It is thus described — " Hall Forest [a royal castle], according to tradition, 
was built by King Robert Bruce for a hunting hall. It consisted of four 
stories, having battlements, besides what is called a Capehouse, with a 
moveable ladder, by which those who occasionally lodged in it, entered 
to the first floor. The Earl Marischall, having acquired a right to it from 
the Crown, presented it to his son, the first Karl of Kintore." — (Kennedy's 
"Annals of Aberdeen," vol. ii., p. 323). That the old tower of Skene was 
an analogous structure, will appear from the description of it given in one 
of the MS. histories of the family — " The Tower, or old house, still 
stands, which was originally built of three arches or stories, and entered 
by a ladder on the second story. It was covered with a mound of earth 
upon the top of the third arch, and is all built with lime, quite run to- 
gether or vitrified, and the walls about ten feet thick. It continued in its 
original state till about the year 1680, that the arches being taken out, it 
was roofed and floored by Jean Burnet, Lady Skene, Relict of John 
Skene of that ilk, in her widowhood, and makes now a part of the 
accommodation of the present house" — (MS.D). Both towers, however, 
belong, from the style of their architecture, to a much earlier period than 
the reign of King Robert Bruce, and were probably erected not later than 
in the twelfth century. 

The Thanage of Kintore was in the possession of the Crown in the 
reign of Alexander the Third, as appears from a Rental preserved in the 



SKENE OK .SKENE. 1 3 

Chartulary of the Bishopric of Aberdeen (i. 57), but in the same reign 
Alan Dunvard undoubtedly possessed extensive lands in the Earldom of 
Mar. These lands were acquired in consequence of a claim made by his 
father, Thomas Dunvard, before 1228, to the Earldom of Mar, and 
renewed by his son Alan, in 1257. This claim seems to have been com- 
promised by the Durwards obtaining possession of three hundred pound 
land, partly in domain (doiiiiuiis) and partly in holdings {komagiis), or 
more, in the Earldom (Palgrave Records, p. 22). Part, if not the whole, 
of the Thanage of Kintore, including the lands of Skene, may thus, for 
the time, have been in his possession. The tenure on which Thanage 
lands were held was analogous to that of lands held in feodofirma, that is, 
for an annual money payment. Alan Durward is termed, in connection 
with Skene, " Dominus earundem," and therefore held it probably as 
" a holding," that is, the superiority only, and his grant of xxij shillings 
to the Bishop was probably from the feu rent due to him as overlord. 
Fordun tells us that Alan Durward died in 1275, and that his three 
daughters succeeded to him in his lands, but these acquisitions to the 
Earldom of Mar appear not to have fallen under his succession, but to 
have reverted to the Crown. The Thanage, afterwards the Barony, of 
Oneill, one of his principal possessions, appears to have been granted to 
the Earls of Fife, and the possessions of the lands of Skene would now 
come to be held of the Crown, as we find was the case with John de 
Skene and Patrick de Skene in 1296. — 

It is quite possible that the family of Skene is at least as old as the 

- reign of William the Lion, and that Mr. Alexander Skene may be correct 
in saying that there had been in the charter chest a restoration from for- 
feiture by that monarch, for in 11 74 there broke out in the north an 
insurrection in favour of a Donald Bane MacWilliam, who held possession 
of the northern counties till 1 181, when it was suppressed, and the ancestor 
of the Skenes may have been among those who supported him. The 
confusion between the Donald Bane of King William's time and the 
Donald Bane, brother of Malcolm Canmore, who usurped the throne in 
the eleventh century, would at once account for the earlier tradition. 

-The name of Skene, signifying in Gaelic a dirk, would give rise, by the 
canting heraldry of the time, to the arms, and, if Skene was a forest, to 
the addition of the wolves' heads, and thus lead to the traditionary origin 
of the name. 



14 SKENE OF SKENE. 

The history of the family, so far as it is really based on services and 
retours, commences in the reign of King Robert Bruce, and is as 
follows: — 

I. — Robert de Skene. 

In 1317 he received the following charter from King Robert the 
1 Since : — 

" Robertus Dei gracia Rex Scotorum Omnibus probis hominibus 
totius terrae suns Salutcm. Sciatis nos dedisse, concessisse et hac prcsenti 
carta nostra confirmasse Roberto Skene dilecto et fideli nostra pro 
homagio et seruicio suo, omnes et singulas terras nostras del Skene et 
lacum cjusdem cum pertinenciis infra Vicecomitatum del Aberdene. 
Tenendas ct Habcndas dicto Roberto et heredibus suis de nobis et 
heredibus nostris in vnam intcgram et libcram Baroiiiam in feodo et 
hcreditate in pcrpctuum cum furca et fossa soc et sac thol ct theme 
infangandthef et outfangandthef ct per omnes rectas antiquas mctas 
et divisas suas in longitudine et latitudine in boscis plain's pratis pascuis 
et pasturis silvis moris et maresiis viis seinitis aquis et stagnis in mollen- 
dinis multuris et eorum sequelis in aucupationibus venationibus et 
piscariis ct cum omnibus aliis libertatibus commoditatibus aisiamentis ac 
justis pertinentibus quibuscunquc tarn non nominatis quam nominatis ad 
dictas terras et lacum cum pertinentibus spectantibus seu quoquomodo 
juste spectare valentibus in futurum. Faciendo inde nobis et heredibus 
nostris dictus Robertus et heredes sui quolibct anno imperpetuum com- 
munem scctam curie ad placita nostra vicecomitatus del Aberdene et 
in excrcitu nostra Scoticanum servicium pro omni alio servicio con- 
suetudine actione seu demanda quae de dictis terris et lacu cum per- 
tinentibus per nos vel heredes nostras exigi poterit vel requiri. In cujus 
rei testimonium presenti carte nostre sigillum nostrum prccepimus 
apponi. Testibus Bernardo abbate del Aberbrothoc cancellario nostro, 
Thoma Ranulphi comite Moravie et domino vallis Anandie et Mannie 
nepote nostro, Waltero senescallo Scocie, Jacobo domino Douglas, 
Alexandra Fraser, Dauid Berclay et Roberto de Lawider militibus. 
Apud Sconam primo die Iunij anno regni nostri duodecimo." 

" This Robert married Marion Mercer, daughter of the Baron of Adie 
and Meiklure, then provost of Perth " (MS.D). In a retour, dated 10 
April, 1629, afterwards quoted, he is said to have died at the peace of 
David II., that is between 1329 and 1370. 



SKENE OF SKENE. I 5 

His successor appears to have been — 

II. — Gilian de Skene. 

There is in 1358 the following entry in the Exchequer Rolls, in the 
accounts of " Thomas comes de Marr camerarius Scocie " : — 

" Item, in solucione facta Giliane de Skene, vt patet per literam 
ipsius comitis de Marr, camerarii, de precepto et ipsius Giliane de recepto, 
ostensas super compotum iij li. vj s. et viij d., de quibus idem comes, 
camerarius, respondebit " — (Exch. Rolls, Vol. I., p. 552). 

Nothing more is known of him ; but his name Gilian, a servant of 
St. John, suggests a descent from the John de Skene who bore the head 
of St. John the Baptist on his seal. 

III. — Adam de Skene. 
He is mentioned in the retour of 1629 as grandson of Robert dc 
Skene, and ancestor of the subsequent lairds of Skene. He is followed 
by another 

IV. — Adam de Skene, 
and he by a third 

V. — Adam de Skene, 
" who before the battle of Harlaw married Janet Keith daughter of Earl 
Marischal of Scotland. About this time, when Donald Lord of the Isles 
had invaded that part of the country, Skene raised his friends and 
followers and joined the Royal army to oppose them and raised 300 
merks from his father-in-law, Lord Marischal to equip himself and men : 
he mortgaged a part of his estate for it which afterwards brought great 
trouble upon the family all which appears in the family writs which 
we have seen. He was killed at the battle of Harlaw in the year 141 1 and 
his lady being with child brought forth a son William Skene who died 
in 1445 leaving a son James Skene of that ilk" (MS.D). This account 
is confirmed, as we shall see by the family papers, except that James was 
the son of Adam, and there was no William intervening. By him Gilian 
is probably meant, who preceded Adam, instead of following him. 

VI. — James de Skene — 1411-1461. 
We now come upon firmer ground in the history of the family. C { 



\6 SKENE OF SKENE. 

In the year 1428 there is the following entry in the Exchequer Rolls: — 

" Et in liberacione facta Jacobo de Skene, pro firmis terrarum suarum 
de Corntoun, existentibus in manu regis de terminis Pentecostcs et Sancti 
Martini ultimo prctcritis, ut patet per literas regis de prcccpto et dicti 
Jacobi de recepto ostensas super computum vj li. xiij s. iiij d." — (Exch. 
Rolls, Vol. iv., p. 444) ; and in the following year among the payments 
— •" Et Jacobo Skene, pro firma sua tercic partis de Corntoun per asse- 
dacioncm in manibus regis existente de anno computi, ut patet per 
literas domini regis de mandato pro voluntatc duraturas, et dicti Jacobi 
de recepto, ostensas super computum vj li. xiij s. iiij d." — (lb., p. 483). 

Again, in 1434, it is more distinctly given, and the king's letter of 
authority is endorsed : — 

" Et Jacobo Skene, pro firmis tercic partis terre de Corntoun spectantis 
uxori cjusdem, de duobus terminis hujus computi vj li. xiij s. iiij d. Et 
cidem ex causa xiij s. iiij d., de mandato regis, ut patet per literas suas de 
precepto ostensas super computum et registratas in dorso hujus rotuli. . . . 

" James, be the grace of God king of Scottis, to the custumaris of oure 
gret custome of Abreden greting. We charge yhu and commanded that 
yhe content and pay yherly to James of Skene of that ilk ten markkis of 
usuale mone of oure realmc at two termes of the yheir proporcionaly 
quhil yhe have contrcmandment of us, the first term begynnand at the 
fest of Saynt Martin last passit, takkin his lettres of ressayt to schaw to 
us, and to be alowit to yhu yherly in -;our comptis, this presentis enduring 
for our will. Gevin under our signet at Edynburch the xxj. dai of 
Februar the yhere of our reigne xxj " — (lb., p. 567). 

The learned editor gives the following explanation of these entries : — 

" Corntoun, in the first half of the fifteenth century, belonged to a 
branch of the Fraser family, and was occupied by the king, who paid a 
rent for it. But by an excambion of date 1455 it became Crown 
property, Fraser getting in exchange for it Muchal (afterwards called 
Castle Eraser), in Mar, and Stoneywood, near Aberdeen." He adds in a 
note — " From 1428 to 1435, James I. paid annually £6 13s. 4d. to James 
Skene of Skene, for his occupation of terce lands of Corntoun, belonging 
to Skene's wife, widow of a Fraser of Corntoun. From 1438 to 1450, 
Thomas Fraser of Corntoun got £20 yearly out of the king's fermes north 
of Dec, or the customs of Aberdeen, in compensation for the king's occu- 
pancy of Corntoun " — (lb., vi., pref., p. lxxvi). 



SKENE OF SKENE. 17 

James Skene of Skene was thus married to the widow of Fraser of 
Corntoun as early at least as the year 1428, and had, by his wife, a son, 
Alexander, who succeeded him, and who was marriageable in 1438, as on 
the 1 2th of May in that year, Egidia de Moravia, domina de Culbin, in her 
widowhood, with consent of Alan of Kynnarde, her son and heir, grants 
to Alexander Skene, son and heir of James Skene of that ilk, on account 
of the marriage to be contracted between him and Mariot of Kinarde 
her daughter, the lands of Dulpoty, Estertown, and Mill of Dulpoty, in 
the Barony of Culbin, and Sheriffdom of Forres, in security of the sum 
of £100 Scots, James Skene must therefore have been born long before 
the year 141 1, when his father was killed at Harlaw, and the statement in 
M S.D that Adam's successor was a posthumous child is plainly apocryphal. 

The family seems now to have spread somewhat, as we find others of 
the same name appearing for the first time. In 1430 a Jacobus Skene 
appears as Notarius Publicus. In 1440 a Fergusius de Skene is admitted 
a burgess of Aberdeen, and in 1443 a John Skene. In the same year 
Robertus Skene is "vicarius de Logymar," and is again mentioned in 
1477 ; and in 146 1 an Alexander Skene appears in the Town Council of 
Aberdeen. These scions of the family probably belonged to an old 
branch of the family, the Skenes of Auchterernc, in the parish of 
Logie Coldstone. 

It was in the time of this James of Skene that the family entered 
into an arduous struggle with the more powerful family of the Earls 
Marischal, to regain possession of the lands of Easter Skene, which had 
been pledged to them, as has been previously adverted to. 

The family appears to have lost the original deed of impignoration or 
wadset, and commenced the contest by instructing by the evidence of 
witnesses, that such a deed had existed. There are still preserved, in the 
Skene charter chest, two official reports, by a Commissioner appointed 
for the purpose, of the evidence then taken. They are printed at length 
in the third volume of the " Antiquities of the Shires of Aberdeen and 
Banff," p. 318 ; but a short abstract may here be given : — 

The first is dated 22nd September, 1446, and reports the evidence of 
three witnesses before a Court held in the Cathedral of Aberdeen. The 
first witness, John Petkarne, being sworn and examined, states that he 
read a deed, written on parchment, concerning the impignoration sen 
fomalyn of the lands of Ester Skene, in favour of the late Lord William 

D 



18 SKENE OF SKENE. 

dc Keth, Marischal of Scotland, by Adam de Skene, Lord of the same, 
father of James de Skene of that ilk, and that said lands were impig- 
norated seufomalyt for two or three hundred merks Scots, and this was 
about 21 years ago, and that it was shown to him by Mariota, then 
" Domina de Keth." The second witness, William de Sancto Michaele, 
depones that he was present when the previous witness saw a charter or 
evidence made in favour of William Lord Keith, by Adam de Skene, of 
the lands of Ester Skene, sealed with two seals, a round one of the said 
Adam, and an oval one of tin- Bishop of Aberdeen, and that John Pet- 
karne told him that it was a deed made by Adam de Skene, super for- 
nalyn, of Ester Skene, for 304 marks. A third witness, William Norvcle, 
depones that he was present in the house of Lord William de Keth, 
Marischal of Scotland, in the town of Aberdeen, before the battle of 
Ilarlaw, when Lord John Stewart of Invermey, and David Berkley of 
Mernys, instigated the said Lord William de Keth to found two chaplain- 
ries, for the souls of himself and the Lad)- Margaret, his wife ; and that 
Lord William agreed to assign twenty merks of the lands of Ester Skene, 
with its pertinents, for two chaplains, in the Cathedral of Aberdeen, but 
the said Lady Margaret declared, in a loud and clear voice, that she never 
would consent to the chaplainrics being founded out of the lands of Ester 
Skene, because they had no right to the said lands ; upon which the 
Earl Marischal said, in a rage, that he would not found a single chap- 
lainrie for their souls, but at length, after consulting with the said Lord 
John Stewart and David Berkley, assigned an annual payment of twenty- 
two merks for two chaplains, to celebrate for ever in the Cathedral of 
Aberdeen, out of the lands of Ester Skene, with warrandice from the 
lands of Kyntor, should the lands of Ester Skene fail them ; and the 
Lady Margaret consented to this warrandice : the Earl then sent for 
Sir John Voill, priest, and Thomas Spryng, Burgess of Aberdeen, who 
read, among other documents, the deed by Adam de Skene, regarding the 
lands of Ester Skene, by which they were fornalit for three hundred 
merks, and which deed was sealed with two seals, the round seal of 
Adam, and the oval seal of the Bishop of Aberdeen. Interrogated 
whether he deponed these things from party or prejudice, hatred or love, 
he replied, that it was not so, but for the safety of his soul, to avoid 
the excommunication which he heard widely published, with sounding 
bells, lighted and extinguished candles, by the reverend fathers in Christ 



SKENE OF SKENE. ly 

the Bishops of St. Andrews and Aberdeen, against all persons detain- 
ing or concealing said deed, and not revealing it to the said James 
de Skene. This public instrument was issued at the instance of the 
said James de Skene, in presence of Ranald Chene of Crechie, John 
Burnet of Leyis, David Scrymgeour, Andrew Buchan of Auchmacoy, 
and Thomas Beset, witnesses. 

This proceeding, however, seems to have led to nothing, and James 
of Skene appears, after a time, to have committed the conduct of the 
struggle to his son and heir, Alexander Skene, at whose instance a second 
examination of witnesses was made. This inquiry took place in the 
parish church of Kincardine, on the ninth day of November, 1456, when 
a discreet man, John Yoill, was examined, and deponed that eight clays 
before the death of the late Sir John Yoill, vicar of Peterculter, the late 
Lady of Keth, mother of the Lord William dc Kcth, now Marischal of 
Scotland, came to the said Sir John Yoill, at Culter, when grievously sick 
in bed, and interrogated him regarding the lands of Ester Skene, Ledach, - 
Kirktoun of Skene, Milboy, Garlogy, with the mill thereof, whether his 
Lord, the Lord William de Keth Marischal, had a real right to the said 
lands, or whether, as she had often heard asserted, James Skene of that 
ilk had the right of reclaiming said lands, as belonging, by hereditary 
right, to the Barony of Skene ; to which Sir John Yoill answered, as he 
should answer at the great day of judgment, that the Earl Marischal had 
the said lands informalyn, made by Adam de Skene for three hundred 
merks, as contained in a certain deed ; and further stated on oath, that 
the said Earl Marischal had no other rights from the said Adam to these 
lands : whereupon the said Lady said, that the Lord Marischal possessed 
these letters of formalyng of the said lands of Skene, granted by the said 
Adam de Skene, and nothing else. Interrogated who were then present, 
said only the Lady of Keth and Sir John Yoill, with himself. Interro- 
gated how it came there were not more, stated, on oath, that the said 
Lady caused several others to leave the room, and retained him to serve at 
mass in the room, asserting him to be hereafter a native man to his Lord, 
the said Marischal ; and that he made this deposition without party or 
prejudice, hatred or love, in presence of Master William of Coultis, vicar 
of Tarlane, Alexander Yrwin of Stradie, of Strathachyn, and 

Kennocht of Cragmyle, with many others. 

The right which the Keith family claimed to the lands of Ester Skene 



20 SKENE OK SKENE. 

seems now to have passed to Janet de Keith, only daughter of Robert de 
Keith, who was eldest son of William, first Earl Marischal, and brother 
of William, second Earl Marischal, and was thus heir of line of the 
family ; and on 26th April, 1457, she obtained a decreit from the Sheriff, 
upon a brief of richt, dated 21st February, 1456, between "Jacobus de 
Skene de eodem et Joneta de Keth cum patruo suo nobili Domino 
Willelmo domino de Keth Mariscallo Scocie de ct super terris de ly 
Ledach de Skene de ly Kirktoun de Skene de Mulboy et de Garlogy," 
on which the Jury, after hearing evidence " antiquorum virorum," gave 
their verdict " quod Jacobus de Skene supradictus habet majus jus 
quam habet dicta Joneta de Keith in et ad dictas terras ; " and on 30th 
April, Jacobus Skene de eodem is infeft in these lands. 

The Keith family did not, however, notwithstandingthe.se proceedings, 
relax their grasp of them, and the scene of litigation was now transferred 
to Parliament, and a declaration was obtained, on 7th November, 1457, 
from the King, through the Chancellor of the Kingdom, that James de 
Ski ne was to refrain from retaining the rents of these lands till the fourth 
day of the meeting of Parliament, in the month of March next. Before 
this Parliament the following protestation was made by his son and heir, 
Alexander, whose position was strengthened by his taking infeftment on 
a charter confirming " Alexandra Skene filio et hacredi apparcnti Jacobi 
Skene de eodem," the charter of King Robert the First to Robert Skene 
of the Barony of Skene : — 

" Reuercndis nobillc and worschipfull lordis of Parliament, I yhour 
scrviter Alexander of Skene procuratour to my fader Jamys of Skene of 
that ilkc humbli protestis in my fader name that quhat euer be saide 
done reformyt decretit or adjugit ony maner of way agayn Alexander of 
Douglas depute to the Shira of Aberdcne, now befor yhour lordschippis 
that hes the force of parliament, or in tym to cume, for the execucioune 
of his office, made to my fader upoun a briefe of rycht purchast be hym 
agayn Jonet of Keth for hir unrychtwise deforsing him of the landis of 
the Ledache of Skcyn, the Kyrktoune of Skeyn, Moylboy, and Garlogy, 
with the myln of that ilke, with the pcrtinentis lyand in the Barouny of 
Skcyne wythin the Shiradome of Aberdene, turne nocht my fader na 
his ayris to prejudice of the said landis and mylne with the pertinentis 
in tyme cuming, for sa mekell as my fader hes be the saide briefe recouerit 
the said landis and mylne with the pertinentis fra the saide Jonet be 



SKENE OF SKENE. 21 

decret and deliucrancc of a gret assise of rycht and dome giffin thar- 
apoun and thareftir hcs tane sesing of thaim, quhilke assise procedit be 
uertu of the said briefe and be compromise made betuix my fader and 
the said Jonet and my Lorde of Keithe chosin be thair avise of four 
shiradomcs to dctermin the saide cause, but ony excepcioune dilatour or 
peremptour proponit in the entrance, suppose the saide shirefe wald 
graunt he had done amys owthir for aid or lufe of the said Lord or Jonet, 
considering that the said Lorde and Jonet ar bundyn be lettir and seel, 
and be thar bodely athis sworne on the Haly Ewangelis, for till underly 
the finale determinacioune of the said assise irreuocabli for euermare." 

This was followed on 5th October, 1458, by a petition by Alexander 
Skene, that his father might be preferred to the possession and rights of 
said lands, and protestation that no decree to the contrary might prejudge 
his undoubted right thereto ; which appears to have been granted and the 
grant again recalled, as on 12th October, 1459, there is again a protesta- 
tion by Alexander Skene, as procurator for his father, James Skene of 
that ilk, before the Parliament held at Perth, which narrates that after the 
king had recognised his right, he had recalled his recognition, at the in- 
stance of Jonet de Kethe, and given her the lands " adplegium" contrary, 
the said Alexander maintained, to the laws, rights, and statutes of the 
realme, and to the hurt, loss, and prejudice of the said James Skene, 
and on the part of the said James humbly pressed the king to replace 
him in possession of the said lands, according to the rights, customs, and 
ancient laws of the kingdom, and protested that the demising of the 
said lands to the said Jonet de Kethe ad plegium, should not prejudice 
his rights in future, and that he should have free regress to these lands. 

A similar protestation was made on 7th March, 1460. In the mean- 
time, while his son and heir was carrying on this contest with their 
powerful neighbours, the Keiths, his mother, the widow of Fraser of 
Corutoun, had died, and his father had married a second time Giles 
Murray of Cowbin, widow of Thomas Kinnaird of that ilk, in 1458, for 
we find an obligation by Alane of Kynnarde of that ilk, narrating that 
" forasmeikle as my tender fader James Skene of that ilk and Giles of 
Murrane of Skelbo, his spouse, has set to me all and sundrie the lands of 
Skelbo, in the Earldom of Sutherland and Sheriffdom, &c." 

James Skene of Skene appears to have died in the year 1461. 



SKENE OF SKENE. 



X VII. — Alexander de Skene— 1461-1470. 

There is, on 1st June, 146 1, a sasine in favour of Alexander Skene of 
that ilk, as heir to the said James, his father, of the lands and barony of 
Skene, following upon a retour and precept of Chancery. 

Soon after, his contest with the Keith family seems to have been 
brought to a conclusion, at least for the time, in his favour, a result to 
which the marriage of his half-brother, Alan of Kinnarde, with his 
antagonist, Janet of Keith, may have contributed; for, on 18th May, 1464, 
there is a sasine in favour of Alexander Skene de eodem, on a charter 
from William Marl Marischall, of the lands of "Lcddach de Skene Kirkton 
de Skene Milbuy et Garlogy in Baronia de Skene ; " and the close con- 
nection with the Kinnards is still further evinced from a charter of 
Balerdmund, in the Skene charter chest, granted in 1467 by Alanus de 
Kynnarde "dilccto fratri nostra naturali Alexandra Skene de eodem. 
Testibus Gilbcrto Skene nepote meo Magistro Roberto Skene." 

The term natUralis did not at that time imply bastardy but the 
reverse. It was opposed to the terms carnal is and bastardus. 

VIII.— Gilbert de Skene— 1470-1485. 

In May, 1470, Gilbert Skene is infeft as heir, served and rctourcd, to 
Alexander Skene, his father, in the lands and barony of Skene. 

In 1481 he married Cristina Mercer, and settled two farms in Wester 
Skene as her jointure lands, as appears from a Crown charter granted in 
23rd May, 1481 — "Gilberto Skene de eodem et Cristine Mcrsare spouse sue- 
in conjuncta infeodatione et post corum deccssum Iegitimis ct propinquiori- 
bus heredibus dicti Gilberti quibuscunque de tcrris de Adlochc et Tulivalc 
cum pertinentiis jacentibus infra vicecomitatum de Aberdene super 
resignationem dicti Gilberti. Tencndas de Rege. Reddendo jura ct 
servitia debita et consucta." 

IX. — Alexander de Skene— 1485-1 507. 

On the 19th of March, 1485, Alexander Skene is infeft as heir, served 
and retoured, to Gilbert Skene, his father, in the lands and barony of 
Skene. 



SKENE OF SKENE. 23 

In 1504 he acquired, from David Strathaquhyn of Carmyle, certain 
lands in the parish of Kinnernie, which bounds the lands of Skene on 
the west, as appears by charter granted on 16th April in that year, by 
" David Strathaquhyn de Carmyle et Dominus de Tulibrochloch dilecto 
meo Alexandra Skene de Eodem terras meas de Tullibrochloch Tulyna- 
hiltis Balnadodill cum le Cumeris Auchquhory et molendino ejusdcm ; " 
and among the witnesses is Johannes Skeyne. This charter is confirmed 
on 17th April by Johannes Comes Crawfurdiae et Dominus de Lyndesay, 
the Superior ; and on the 22nd April he was infeft in these lands. The 
lands thus conveyed to him, consisting of five separate possessions 
adjoining the lands of Skene, formed what were called Tanistry lands, 
in order to make a provision for the younger sons of the family, who 
occupied them during their lives as kindlic tenants. 

- Alexander appears to have died in the year 1 507, as towards the end 
of that year, on 12th February, 1 507-8, there is in the Privy Seal Record a 
letter to Sir Alexander Irving of Drum and Duncan Forbes of the 
ward of the lands of the late Alexander Skene of that ilk, and of the 
marriage of Alexander Skene, his son and heir ; and on the third day of 
October, 1508, Agnes Forbes is served by a jury assembled at Aberdeen, 
before John, Earl of Crawfurd, and Lord Lyndesay, " qui jurati dicunt 
quod Agnes Forbes relicta Alexandri Skene de eodem tenetur habere 
racionabilem terciam omnium terrarum baronic de Skene exceptis 
duabus partibus terrarum de Lattir que attigit habere suam terciam in 
solari parte hujusmodi terrarum." 

This Agnes Forbes, according to MS. authority, was a daughter of 
Lord Forbes, probably of James, second Baron Forbes, by Egidia de 
Keith, daughter of William, First Earl Marischal, and was thus sister of 
that Duncan Forbes who was one of the guardians of her infant son. By 
her Alexander Skene had two sons — 
.X I. Alexander Skene, who succeeded him. 

II. James Skene, kindlie tenant of Bandodill, ancestor of the families of 
Skene of Ramore, Curriehill, Halyards in Midlothian, and Rubislaw. 

y~ X. — Alexander de Skene — 1 507-1517. 

With this laird Mr. Alexander Skene begins his genealogical account 
of the family. He says — " After many generations succeeded Alexander 



24 SKENE OF SKENE. 

Skene of vat ilke. At that tyme the family being weak and under 
burdens, he married Elizabeth Black, daughter to a burgess of Aberdeen, 
with whom he got in dott and tocher good all that tract of land called the 
round tabic ; " and MS.D adds — " being that part of the town of Aber- 
deen bounded on the east with the Castle Street or present Exchange, on 
the south with the Exchequer Row, and on the west with the Rotten 
Row, and on the north with the Narrow Wynd. Besides these houses, 
he got a considerable sum of money with her." No doubt the protracted 
struggle with the principal family of the Keiths Marischal would, in some 
degree, account for the depressed state of the family. Alexander Skene 
was, as we have seen, in pupillarity when his father died in 1507, and 
attained majority in 15 14, as in that year he obtains, on 8th May, a 
charter of the Tanistry lands, from " Alexander Comes Crawfordiae et 
Dominus de Lindesay et dominus omnium et singularum terrarum de 
Tulibroloch, Tullynahiltis, Balnadodill, lc Comeris, Auchoryc, Auchmor 
et molendini cjusdem Alexandra Skeyne filio et heredi quondam 
Alexandri Skeyne de codem ;" and among the witnesses is "Johannes 
Skeyne de Auchtcrarnanc." 

On 17th Jul)-, in the same year, he is infeft as heir, served and 
rctoured, to Alexander Skene, his father, in the lands and barony of Skene. 

In 1 5 16 he married Elizabeth Black, as on 20th May in that year he 
receives a Crown charter to himself and Elizabeth Black, his spouse, of 
the lands of Newton in Skein and Letter, in Baronia de Skene, by his 
own resignation, as her jointure lands. He seems to have died in 15 17. 

XI. — Alexander de Skkne— 15 17-1604. 

Mr. Alexander Skene says of him — "Alexander Skene, commonly 
designed the little laird, who was left a child in his mother's womb when 
his father, fighting for his king and country, was slain in the battle of 
Pinkey. Therefore, he being the only child of his umquhill father, his 
land fell ward in the king's hands. The laird of Drum being at that time 
at Court, got the gift of his ward, which he gave to the laird of Corsenday 
for a horse ; and the said Corsenday took the tutilage of the child, till 
such tyme as he was for marriage, and then gave him 10,000 merks of 
tocher, with his own daughter in marriage, called Margaret Forbes." 
This is a good specimen of the character of such family traditions. They 



SKENE OF SKENE. 25 

state facts which are or may be true enough, but attribute them to wrong 
persons and dates. It seems true that he was a posthumous child, and 
the account given by MS.D of the reason why he was called " the little 
laird," bears all the appearance of probability. " He was killed at the 
battle of Pinkie in 1547, and was called the little laird from his being 
hunchbacked from a fall he got out of his nurse's arms when going up 
the ladder to the old house of Skene." But it errs in saying that he was 
killed at the battle of Pinkie, as Mr. Alexander Skene does in saying his 
father was killed in that battle. 

Mr. Alexander Skene is also mistaken in saying that the gift of 
his ward was given to the laird of Drum, and by him transferred to the 
laird of Corsinday, for, as we have seen, it was his father whose ward was 
given to Sir Alexander Irving of Drum and Duncan Forbes of Corsinday, 
and " the little laird," as he was called, was under the guardianship of his 
uncle, James Skene, for we find, on 2nd November, 1538, in a mutual 
agreement between Alexander Skeyne of that ilk and Mr. Walter 
Styvart, regarding the marches of the lands^ of Tullibroloch, belonging 
to the former, and Tullocht belonging to the latter, that Alexander 
Skeyne becomes bound, with the consent of his uncle and curator, James 
Skeyne (Protocol Book of John Christisone), and he came of age in the 
following year^ as on 22nd March, 1539, he is infeft in the lands and 
barony of Skene, as heir served and retoured, to Alexander Skene of that 
ilk, his father. 

Neither was he ever at the battle of Pinkie, for when the trumpet call 
to this great national conflict resounded over all Scotland, and caused 
many a quiet laird to buckle on his armour, we find in the record of the 
JPriyy Seal — " Ane brieve maid to Alexander Skeyne of yat ilk, giving 
leave to him to remain fra ustin al ye days of his life, because he is wake 
of complexion and inhabill for travel, vexit with infirmities and sikness, 
provided alwayis that the said Alexander sends ane habill furnished man, 
with his household and servants, to the said oistis at St. Andrews, penult 
October, 1 546." The " habill furnished man" was his uncle, James Skeyne 
in Bandodle, and he it was, as we shall afterwards see, who, With other 
Skeynes, was slain at the fatal battle of Pinkie. 

It is true, however, that he married a daughter of Duncan Forbes of 
Corsinday, for on 18th March, 1 541, there is a charter " Alexandre Skene 
de eodem et Elizabethe Forbes ejus sponse terrarum de Auchloche et 
E 



2b SKENE OF SKENE. 

Cragydarg jacen. in Baronia de Skene in conjuncta infeodatione super 
resignationem dicti Alexandri." 

Notwithstanding Alexander Skeyne being " vexit with infirmities and 
sikness," he was longer in possession of the barony than any other laird, 
was twice married, had a large family of children, lived to see his eldest 
son and heir and his son and heir both married, was predeceased by his 
grandson, saw his great-grandchildren, and died in the year 1604, at the 
age of 87. 

The author of MS.B refers to this period when he says — " There were 
foyve lairdes at on tym, with from father, son, grandchyld, gryt-grand- 
chyld, and gryt-great-grandchyld, designed by the laird of Skene elder, 
the laird of Skene younger, the laird of the Letter, &c, being parcel of the 
Barronie of Skene ; and each succeeded another in a short space." 

On 27th August, 1557, "Alexander Skene dc codem fecit constituit 
et creavit proles suos sequcntes suos assignatos irrevocabiles in ct ad 
summam mille mcrcarum monetae Scotiae quam habuit in deposito vizt 
Gulielmum Skene ejus (ilium ad 300 merks, Patricium Skene ejus fr. 
filium ad 300 merks et deficien. dicto Patricio Alexandrum Skene ejus 
fr. filium et Agnetcm Skene ejus filiam ad 400 merks " (Ab. Sas. Regr.), 
no doubt part of the tocher he got with Elizabeth Forbes. 

In the following year Agnes was married evidently to a relation of his 
mother, as we find in the Burgh Sasine Register, on 16th February, 1558 
— " Posscssio of John Black and Agnes Skene, his future spouse, of 
Auchmoir, in Baronia de Tillibrohloch, on precept of sasine from Alex- 
ander Skene of Skene." 

On 10th January, 1566, Alexander Skene de codem is infeft in the 
Burgh Suburbs belonging to the family, and one of the witnesses is Gilbert 
Skene, his son. 

His mother, Elizabeth Black, appears to have died in 1573, as on 4th 
March in that year " Alexander Skene de eodem haeres Alexandri 
Skene de eodem," serves heir "in terris de Newton de Skeyne, et Letter 
de Skeyne," which were his mother's jointure lands. 

There seems to have been some quarrelling about the burgh lands, as, 
in the Register of the Privy Council, the following entry occurs on 9th 
February, 1566: — "Registration by Mr. Robert Irving, as procurator of 
Band, by Alexander Skein of that ilk, for James Skein of Bandodill, 
Gilbert Skein, Mr. Patrick Skene, and Alexander Skene, 'my lawful 



SKENE 01- SKENE. 27 

sons,' £500 each, not to harm Thomas Buk, burgess of Aberdeen. Sub- 
scribed at Aberdeen 5th February, before Mr. Duncan Forbes of the 
Letter, Mr. William Skeyne, Johnne Forbes, servitor to the parson of 
Kinkell ; Andro Skeyne, in the Glak ; William Forbes, son of Johnne 
Forbes of Tolquhon ; and Mr. Patrick Skeyne, burgess of Aberdene, 
writer hereof; William Reid and John Nicolsoun, notaries, subscribing 
for Alexander Skein of that ilk " — (V., p. 673). 

Alexander Skene was twice married, and by his first wife, Elizabeth 
Forbes, he had — 

I. James Skene, his heir, designed, during his father's life, as James 
Skene of Bandodill. 
/\ II. Gilbert Skene in Tillibirloch, ancestor of the families of Dumbreck 
and Xewtyle. 

III. Mr. William Skene, burgess of Aberdeen, married, in 1563, 

Elizabeth Lesly, and had by her a son, William Skene, also a 
burgess of Aberdeen, who served heir to his father, William 
Skene, on 10th June, 1586, and married Janet Donaldson, only 
daughter of John Donaldson. In 1602 he was ruined, from 
having been cautioner for Duncan Les'lie, son to the laird of 
Wardes, and probably his mother's brother, who fled the 
country. He complained of being starved, and unable to 
maintain a wife and sundry young infants. He died before 
1605, when Janet Donaldson, relict of William Skene, burgess, 
is buried ; and no more is heard of that family. 

IV. Mr. Patrick Skene, burgess of Aberdeen, ancestor of the family of 

Dyce. 
V. Mr. Alexander Skene. " As for Alexander, the fifth son to the 
little laird, he died unmarried" (MS.A). He died in 1601, 
and was buried on 1st January, 1601. In 1602, Mr. Patrick 
Skene, burgess of Aberdeen, appears for Barbara, natural 
daughter to umquhile Alexander Skene, his brother. 
VI. Agnes Skene, married, in 1558, to John Black. 
By his second wife, Katharine Stewart, he had three daughters — 

VII. Elspeth Skene, married to John Forbes of Boquharm, in Millboy, 

17th July, 1576. 

VIII. Beatrix Skene married James Forbes of Tilliboy. — (Burgh Prop. 

Book.) 



28 SKENE OF SKENE. 

IX. Isobel Skene died unmarried 5th September, 1604. 
The " little laird " died in 1604, at the age of 87. 

XII. — James Skene of Skene — 1604-1605. 

During his father's life he appears sometimes as James Skene of Ban- 
dodill, one of the tanistry lands, and at others as James Skene apparent 
of that ilk. In a sasine of the Manor Place of Monymusk, in favour of 
William Forbes, in March, 1688, the witnesses arc James Skeyn apparcn. 
dc eodem, Patrick and Alexander Skeyns, his brothers, James Forbes of 
Tilliboy, and John Forbes of Camphill. 

On 7th August, 1 541, there is an action, at the instance of Alexander 
Skene of that ilk, against James Strachan of Carmylic, concerning the 
alienation made by umquhile David Strachan of Carmylic, guidsir to the 
said James Strachan to umquhile Alexander Skene of that ilk, guidsir to 
the said Alexander Skene, now of that ilk, in the year 1485, or thereby, 
of all and hail! the lands of Tulliebrelochc, Tullnahiit, Auchorie, Ban- 
dodell, Auchmorc, Commoris, with the miln of the same and their 
pertinents, lying in the Barony of Auchterellon and Newpark and Sheriff- 
dom of Aberdeen, as the infeftments thereupon bear, &c. ; the defender 
alleging that there was a reversion granted by the pursuer's umquhile 
guidsir for redemption of the said lands, containing the sum of 840 mcrks, 
and which the pursuer attests is false and forged, &c. ; and in August, 
1 591, there is a counter action, at the instance of James Strauchan, now 
of Carmylic, and Mr. David McGill of Cranston Riddell, king's advocate, 
against James Skene, appcrand of that ilk, Alexander Skene, elder, of 
that ilk, and Alexander Skene, younger, his nevvy — mentions that where 
the said James, as abnevvy and heir male to umquhile Sir David 
Strachan of Carmylie, his foir grandsir, has action of redemption 
depending befoir the Lords against the said Alexander Skene, elder, of 
that ilk, oy and heir, at least apparent heir to umquhile Alexander Skene 
of that ilk, his guidsir James Skene, apparent of that ilk, and Alexander 
Skene, his son, and apparent heir, for redemption of all and haill the 
lands of Tillibrolloche and others lying in the Barony of Auchterellon and 
Newpark, and Sheriffdom of Aberdcne, conform to a reversion granted 
be the said umquhile Alexander Skene to the said umquhile David 
Strachan of Carmylie, for eluding of which action the defenders have 
lately fabricated and forged certain discharges, contracts, &c, alleged 



SKENE OF SKENE. 2Q 

made by the said umquhile David Strachan, since the date of the said 
reversion, which is dated 16th May, 15 — •; therefore the said defenders 
ought to be punished, their persons, goods, &c. The case was sub- 
mitted to arbitration on 22nd January, 1 591-2, and it is probable the 
deeds referred to on both sides were found to be genuine, as on 2nd 
October, 1604, there is a special service, "Jacobus Skene de eodem 
hares Alexandri Skene de eodem patris in terris ct Baronia de Skene 
terris de Tillibriloch Tilnahiltis Balnadodill Auchinmoir Auchorie et 
Comaris infra Baronium de Ochterellone." On the same day there is the 
service of Katherine Stewart, " relicte diet, quondam Alexandri Skene 
suam vitalcm redditum et Margarete Skene relicte quondam Alexandri 
Skene de Letter." 

On the 8th November, in the same year, James Skene is infeft in the 
lands and barony of Skene, as heir served and retoured to Alexander 
Skene of that ilk, his father, his procurator being " Honorabilis vir 
Robertus Skeyne de Tillibroloch actornatus pro Jacobo Skene de eodem 
sui patris." 

James Skene of that ilk was upwards of sixty years old when he 
succeeded his father, and appears to have died within the year, as in 1605 
Johanna Skene or Douglas, widow of James Skene of that ilk, is served 
to her terce. She was daughter of Sir Archibald Douglas of Glenbervie, 
and sister of the ninth Earl of Angus ; married to him about 1563 ; and 
it was through this marriage that the connection between the families of 
Glenbervie and Skene arose which led to MS. A being compiled in 1678. 
This James Skene of Skene had the following children : — 
I. Alexander Skene, called " Barron of the Letter" (MS. A). There is 
among the Skene papers a contract of marriage in the year 1584, 
between Alexander Skene of that ilk, younger, with consent of 
his father, James, then liferenter of Bandodle, and his grand- 
father, Alexander Skene of that ilk ; and Margaret Johnston, 
, daughter of Sir George Johnston of Caskieben, with whom he 
got 5000 merks of tocher. Mr. Patrick Skene, sonc lawful of 
Alexander Skene of that ilk, is a witness, but he predeceased 
both his father and grandfather, dying before 1599, as appears 
from a discharge by Margaret Skeyne, eldest lawful daughter to 
umquhile Alexander Skeyne, fiarof that ilk, with assent of Maister 
Duncan Forbes in Letter, and Robert and Alexander Skeyne, 



30 SKENE OF SKENE. 

his curators, for their interest, to John Forbes of Camphill and 
Andrew Skeyne in Aberdeen, executors of said umquhile 
Alexander (Council Regr., Abdn.). 
Alexander Skene left by his wife, Margaret Johnston, three children— 
i. Alexander Skene, who succeeded his grandfather. 

2. Mr. Andrew Skene. In 1620 Mr. Andrew Skene, frater ger- 

manus Alexandri Skene de eodem, is admitted a burgess. 
In 162S he receives a tack, from James Skene of that ilk, of 
the lands of Newton of Skene. In 1633 we find him in 
Kirkton of Dyce, where he and Margaret Forbes, his spouse, 
are infeft in the lands of Overtown of Dyce. 

" Mr. Andrew Skene, Alexander's second son, married 
Margaret Forbes, daughter to Mr. John Forbes, minister of 
Uelft, in Holland, on whom he begat seven daughters — 
(1) Christian, married to David Drummond, factor in Camp- 
vcre, in Holland, to whom he had but one daughter, Mar. 
Drummond. David Drummond dying, she married the 
second time Andrew Skein of Rudrestoun, Dean of Guild 
of Aberdeen, to whom she had Robert and John, and two 
daughters ; (2) Margaret Skene, second daughter to Mr. 
Andrew Skene, married John .Anderson of Standingstones ; 
j [Catherine married Mr. William Cheyne, minister of 
Dyce ; (4) Jannet married David Anderson, Provost of 
Kintoir ; (5) Isobel married David Warrand, Town Clerk of 
Forres ; (6) Jean married David Dunbar, Bailyie of Forres ; 
(7) Bessie married Captain James Ross " (MS.A). 

3. Margaret, only daughter of Alexander Skene, married, in 1599, 

Duncan Forbes in Letter ; and in 1604 there is a contract 
of marriage between her and Mr. Robert Irving of Mincoffer. 
She married, thirdly, John Forbes of Leslie. 
II. Andrew Skene of Auchorie, ancestor of the family of Halyards in 

Fife, and Pitlour. 
III. Robert Skene in Tilliebirloch. There is recorded in the Register 
of Deeds in 1610, a contract between Alexander Skene of that 
ilk and Mr. James Skene, Clerk of Register and others, the said 
Alexander's curators on the one part, and Robert Skene of 
Tiilibroiocht, for himself, and taking burden upon him for Jeane 



SKENE OF SKENE. 3 1 

Douglas, relict of Mr. James Skene of that ilk, his mother, on the 
other part, at Edinburgh and Aberdeen, 24th April and 22nd 
May, 1605. Robert appears to have been appointed tutor to his 
nephew, Alexander Skene of that ilk, on his grandfather's death, 
as in 1606 he appears as " Robert Skene in Tillibroloche, called 
the tutor" (Forbes papers), and on 22nd April, 1636, there is an 
obligation by Robert Skene of Tillibury, and Christiane Johnstone, 
his spouse, to Alexander Black, elder burgess of Aberdeen. 
" Robert Skein of Tillibirloch, son to James Skein of that ilk, 
married, 1st, Christian Irving, sister to Captain Irving of Mon- 
durch, on whom he begat Alexander, and ane daughter, named 
Jean, who both died unmarried. After her death he married 
Christian Johnston, daughter of the laird of Crimond, on whom 
he begat Mr. Robert Skene, schoolmaster at Banchorie, and 
thereafter of the Grammar School of Aberdeen, which Mr. Robert 
Skene married Elizabeth Reid, daughter to 

and sister to Mr. Robert Reid, minister of Banchorie-ternan ' 
(MS. A) ; and had by her Robert Skene, who went to Poland, and 
two daughters, the eldest of whom married Mr. George Skene, 
parson of Kinkell. 
IV. Mr. William Skene. " He lived most part of his days at Court, 
and was schoolmaster of the Music School of Aberdeen " MS. A . 
In 1 591 Mr. William Skene was appointed master of the Song 
School of Aberdeen ; and in 1597 " Alexander Skene de Eodem " 
resigns two annual rents, payable out of Angelscroft and Cullinges, 
in Futtie, " nepoti suo Magistro Willielmo Skene Schole Musice 
dicti Burgi preceptori." " He married Janet Preston, daughter 
to Mr. John Preston, Merchant Burgess of Aberdeen, on whom 
he begat Alexander, who died a child, and a daughter, Isobell, 
unmarried " (MS.A . 
V. Patrick Skene appears, on his father's succeeding to the barony of 
Skene, to have obtained the Tanistry lands of Bandodle, having 
previously been a tenant of Forbes of Corsinday, with whom he 
was connected through his grandmother ; as in 1606 Patrick 
Skene, sometime in the Muirtown of Corsinday, and now in Ban- 
dodle, discharges the tocher of Bessie Alshenor, sister of Robert 
Alshenor, burgess, and now spouse of Patrick. Contract of 



7,2 SKENE OF SKENE. 

marriage, dated 9th January, 1605 : John Forbes of Camphill, 
cautioner for Patrick and Robert Alshenor, and Gilbert Skeyne 
of Westercorse, for Bessie, umquhile William Alshenor, and 
Bessie Skene, his spouse, her parents. By her he appears to 
have had two sons, Gilbert Skene, burgess of Aberdeen, who 
married, in 1688, Elizabeth Cordiner, daughter of William 
Cordiner, Notary Public, and died in 1669 ; and Alexander. He 
married, a second time, Jeane Cushney, by whom he had a son, 
John ; as on 29th April, 1653, there is an obligation by Walter 
Forbes of Tolquhone, principal, and Master William Forbes, 
Advocat in Edinburgh, his brother-gcrman, as cautioner to 
Patrick Skene in Bandodle, for himself, and in name and behalf 
of Jeane Cushney, his spouse ; and on 7th November, 1673, John 
Skene, in Wester Kinmundie (in the Barony of Skene), serves 
heir of provision to Patrick Skene of Bandodle, his father, by 
Jean Cushney, his wife. 

VI. Mr. John Skene " died unmarried " (MS. A). 
VII. Jean Skene married John Forbes of Camphill. 
VIII. Margaret Skene. There is, on 25th May, 1590, Renunciation by 
Elizabeth Lumsden, spouse of Alexander Cullen, Burgess of 
.Aberdeen, in favor of Margaret Skene, dochter lawful to James 
Skene of Badindodill, future spouse to Andrew Cullen, sone eldest 
to the said Alexander Cullen and Elizabeth Lumsden, of the 
town and land of Cottoun. Either this marriage did not take 
place, or she became soon a widow, for we find her, in 1600, wife 
of William Forbes of Pittalochie, and she was soon again a 
widow, for there is, in 1620, an action of Removing against 
Margaret Skene, relict of William Forbes of Pittalochie, from 
the lands of Kinaldie. 

IX. Katharine Skene " married, 1st, John Leith of Likliehead, and 2nd, 
to Arthur Forbes, sometime Baillie of Old Aberdeen, who had no 
succession by any of them " (MS. A). Action at the instance of 
Katharine Skeyne, relict of umquhile Robert Leith of Liklie- 
head, and Arthur Forbes, now her spouse, against Patrick Leith, 
now of Likliehead, relative to contract, dated 16th September, 
1 62 1 (Acts and Decreets). 
X. Christian Skene " married James Fraser of Balbrydie " (MS.A). 



SKENE OF SKENE. 



XIII. — Alexander Skene of Skene — 1605-1634. 

On 5th May, 1605, there is a sasine in favor of Alexander Skene, 
proceeding upon precept by the Earl of Crawford to him as " pronepos 
et legitimus haeres quondam Alexandri Skene de eodem sui proavi " of 
the lands of Tillibirloch, &c, and on 27th February, 161 1, when he attained 
majority, there is a retour " Alexander Skene de eodem haeres Jacobi 
Skene avi in terris et baronia de Skene cum lacu," followed by infeftment 
on 27th April, 1612. 

In 1623 he obtained a crown charter of the lands and barony of 
Skene to himself, and failing him to James Skene, his son and heir 
apparent, whom failing, to return to himself and other heirs male of his 
body, whom failing, " Magistro Andree Skene fratri germano dicti 
Alexandri et heredibus masculis de corpore suo," whom failing " Magistro 
Andree Skene de Chappelton et heredibus masculis de corpore suo," 
whom failing, to return to him and his heirs male whomsoever. He was 
infeft on 3rd September, 1623. 

Soon after, and perhaps in consequence of this, the old controversy 
broke out again between the Skenes of Skene and the Keiths, with regard 
to the possession of the lands of Ester Skene, which ended this time to 
the disadvantage of the former. 

On 10th April, 1629, Alexander Skene de eodem served heir in 
general to Robert Skeyne " de eodem avi quondam Adami Skeyne de 
eodem attavi tritavi" and on the same day, by a separate service, he 
serves heir to Adam Skene " de eodem proavi Jacobi Skeyne de eodem 
avi tritavi." 

The question seems to have been submitted to the arbitration of the 
Lords of Council and Session, as on 1st December, 1629, we find the 
Lords of Session assigning to William, Earl Marischall, of his own 
consent, the eighth of December next, to exhibit and produce the writs 
and evidents of the lands, barony, and loch of Skene, libelled in the action 
of improbation pursued at the instance of Sir Thomas Hope of Craighall, 
King's Advocate, and Alexander Skene of that ilk, proprietor of said 
lands, against the said Earl and others ; and on 26th March, 163 1, there 
is a Decreet Arbitral in the process at the instance of Alexander Skene of 
that ilk and Sir Thomas Hope, King's Advocate, against William Earl 
F 



34 SKENE OF SKENE. 

Marischall and others, touching the exhibition of all infeftments, 
charters, &c, alleged made and granted to the said Earl or his prede- 
cessors (of whom a long line is enumerated), "be the said Alexander Skene, 
now of that ilk ; umquhile James Skene of that ilk, his guidsir ; umquhile 
Alexander Skene of that ilk, his grandsir ; umquhile Alexander Skene 
of that ilk, his foir grandsir ; umquhile Alexander Skene of that ilk, his 
foir grandsir 's fattier ; umquhile Gilbert Skene of that ilk, his foir grand- 
sir's guidsir ; umquhile Alexander Skene of that ilk, his foir grandsir 's 
grandsir; umquhile James Skene of that ilk, his foir grandsir s foir 
grandsir ; umquhile Adam Skene of that ilk, the said umquhile James 
Skene of that ilk, his grandsir ; and umquhile Adam Skene of that ilk, the 
said umquhile .Adam his guidsir; or by any or other of them ; or in a 
decreet granted by any sovereign back to King Robert Bruce, of and 
concerning the lands and barony of Skene, and loch of Skene, to be 
considered by the said Lords, and to have the same lawfully improvin, 
&c, the parties compearing by their procurators, and compeiring also Mr. 
Andro Skene of Halyairds, taking burden on him for the said laird of 
Skene." Submission being entered into for amicable settlement of 
matters, the Lords " decree and ordain the said Alexander Skene to 
resign in favour of the Earl Marischal, all claim to the lands of Kirktown 
of Skene, Ledach, Mylnebowie, and Garlogie, with the pertinents, to be 
bruikit be the said Earl in his own proper lands in all time coming. 
Lyke as the saide Lords arbitrators declairit that the loch of Skene, nor 
no pairt thairof, is naways comprehendit under the decreet arbitral." 

These documents arc interesting, as showing both the Latin and the 
corresponding Scotch technical names designating the steps in a pedigree; 
and if the lairds of Skene failed eventually to redeem these lands under 
the clause of reversion in the impignoration of them, they had at all 
events the satisfaction of having successfully resisted a similar attempt, on 
the part of the Strachans of Carmylie, to redeem the lands of Tillibirloch 
and others, forming the Tanistry lands of the family. 

Alexander married Janet Burnet, daughter of Sir Thomas Burnet of 
Leyes, and had by her — 

I. James Skene, who succeeded him. 

II. Jean Skene married " Alexander Innes of Pethenick." 
III. Margaret Skene married, 1st, " Mr. John Garrie," and 2nd, Mr. John 
Skene in Knowheade. 1646. Sasine Margaret Skene, future 



SKENE OF SKENE. 35 

spouse of Mr. John Garioch, son to William Garioch of Tillie- 
bethie, in the lands of Auchballoch.* 1675. Carta per Willelmum 
dominum de Forbes concessa Margarete Skene relicte Magistri 
Johannis Skene in Knowheade in vitali redditu et post ejus 
decessum Willelmo Gareoch de tern's de Auchballoch in parochia 
de Awfurde. 
IV. Janet Skene married " Mr. Adam Barclay, minister of Nigg" (MS. A). 
Ratification, by Oliver Cromwell, of contract between James 
Skene of Skene and Mr. Adam Barclay, minister of Tarvie, and 
Janet Skene, his wife, at Edinburgh, 14th August, 1656. Sasine 
Mr. Adam Barclay, younger of Towie, and Janet Skene, his spouse. 
V. Isobell Skene married " the laird of Aswanlie " (Calder). 
VI. Katharine Skene married, 1st, "to a younger son of Sir Alexander 
Cumming of Coulder ; and 2nd, to Robert Cheyne" (MS. A). 
VII. Mary Skene married "George Mackenzie of Kincardine, second 
brother to the Earl of Seaforth" (MS.A). 1653. Sasine Isobell, 
Katharine, and Maria Skene, lawful daughters to umquhile 
Alexander Skene of that ilk, with consent of Gilbert Skene of 
Dyce, and Mr. Andrew Skene of Overdyce. 1692. Discharge 
Robert Cheyne, son to Mr. William Cheyne, minister of Dyce, 
and Katharine Skene, his spouse, sister to James Skeyne of that 
ilk. Assignation and Disposition Mary Skene, youngest sister of 
James Skene of that ilk, with consent of George Mackenzie of 
Kintowdie, brother-german to Kenneth, Earl of Seaforth, her 
husband. * , *<-» r-r^Q*7 

XIV.— James Skene of Skene— 1634- 1656 

succeeded his father in 1634, and was infeft in that year in the lands and 
barony of Skene as heir served and retoured to Alexander Skene of 
Skene, his father. 

He .married Elizabeth Forbes, daughter of Arthur Lord Forbes, in 
1637, as on 14th July, in that year, there is a sasine in her favour in his 
jointure lands of Letter and Broomhill. 

On 17th October, 1639, there is a sasine in favour of James Skene de 
eodem, upon letters of four forms, dated 6th April, in a tenement in 
Aberdeen, " ex boreali parte ly Keyhead," in payment of 4000 merks, 



2,6 SKENE OF SKENE. 

contained in an obligation by Alexander, Master of Forbes, to Elizabeth 
Forbes, his sister, " nunc sponse dicti Jacobi Skene de eodem," dated 
20th December, 1629, and assigned by the said Elizabeth Forbes, with 
consent of Arthur Lord Forbes, to James Skene, on 5th July, 1637. 

" This James of Skene was a great loyalist, and suffered many hard- 
ships on account of his attachment to the interest of the Royal Family." 
" In that copy of the covenant subscribed before the Sheriff of Aber- 
deen, still extant, this James Skene of that ilk subscribes, along with the 
Marquis of Montrose. However, afterwards he was a great companion 
of the Marquis of Montrose, and got a protection from him for saving his 
estate from being pillaged in Charles the 1st time. He had the misfor- 
tune, soon after his marriage, to be bitten by a swine in the knee, and his 
lady, who liked gadeing abroad, and had an expensive turn, persuaded 
him, for his cure, to go to the wells in Germany. They stayed there a 
year or two, with a brother of his, a merchant there, and by his wife's 
expensive turn, brought the estate under a great load of debt. He died 
young, and was greatly esteemed for his capacity in every respect, while 
he lived. The said Elspet Forbes lived a widow on the estate till the 
year 1^95 " (MS.D). By her he had two sons and one daughter. 
I. John Skene, who succeeded him. 
II. James Skene, " called the martyr, had the misfortune to associate 
with the Covenanters at Oueensfcrry, Rutherglen, &c, when he- 
was taken prisoner, tried, and executed in the Gressmerccat " 
(MS.D). " He was hanged, with two others, at the Cross of 
Edinburgh, on the 1st December, 1 680, Skeen .being all cloathed 
in white linnen, to his very shues and stockings, in affectation of 
puritie and innocence, and I wish it might be a praelibation and 
type of a white robe to be given him in heaven." (Fountainhall 
Historical Observes, p. 10. ) His trial and last speech are recorded 
in the " Cloud of Witnesses." 
1 1 1. Barbara Skene married her cousin, Caldcr of Aswanlie. 



XV. — John Skene of Skene — 1656-1680. 

On 31st October, 1656, an edict of curatory was issued, charging 
William, Master of Forbes ; Andrew, Master of Fraser ; Sir Alexander 
dimming of Cults ; John Urquhart of Craigstone ; Alexander Urquhart 



SKENE OF SKENE. 37 

of Dunlugus; John Skeen of Auchtertoill; Richard Maitland of Pitrichie ; 
Gilbert Skene of Dyce; Mr. Andrew Skene of Overdyce; Mr. Alexander 
Skene, baillie burgess of Aberdeen ; Mr. Robert Burnet of Crimond, advo- 
cate, as " friends and nearest of kyn on the father and mother's syde, 
to John Skene of that ilk " (Sheriff Register of Deeds) ; and on 24th 
July, 1657, John Skene of that ilk, served heir in special to James Skene 
of that ilk, his father, in the lands and barony of Skene, with the 
loch thereof, the lands of Tillibriloch, Tulnahilt, Bandodle, Auchmoir, 
Auchorrie, with the myles and burghar lands of Comers, unite into the 
barony of Skene, the lands and mains of Aslowne in the parish of Alford, 
the lands of Dorrsoilt, Muchills, Badinapettis, and Drumnalunda (Index 
Retours). 

On 25th January, 1658, he was infeft on this retour, among the 
witnesses being Mr. Andrew Skene of Overtown, and Robert Skene, 
pedagogue to the said John Skene — no doubt the Robert Skene, son of 
Robert Skene in Tillibirloch, who was schoolmaster at Banchorie, and 
afterwards of the Grammar School of Aberdeen. 

The Tanistry lands seem now to have finally left the family, as on 5th 
May, 1659, there is a ratification, by John Skene of that ilk, with consent 
of William, Master of Forbes ; Gilbert Skene of Dyce ; Mr. Alexander 
Skene, baillie burgess of Aberdeen ; and Mr. Andrew Skene of Overdyce, 
his curators, of a procuratory of resignation granted by the deceased 
James Skene of that ilk, dated 30th June, 1641, to John Forbes of Cor- 
sinday, of the lands of Tillibirloch, Tilnahilt, Bandodle, Auchmore, 
Auchorrie, &c. 

On the 14th February, 1678, he obtained a crown charter of the 
lands and barony of Skene, on which he was infeft on 30th June, 1679 ; 
but died in the following year. 

He married Jean, daughter of Alexander Burnet, eldest son and 
apparent heir of Sir Thomas Burnet of Leys. 

In the end of a small bible are the following notes in his handwriting:— 

" Nott of my childrens ages — 

"Junii 24 \66% my eldest daughter Elizabeth was born. August 4 
\66\ my second daughter Anna was born. Sept. 12 1663 my eldest 
sone Alex r was borne. May 2 1666 my second son George was born 1666. 

"Junii 4 1667 my third daughter Margret was born. Apryll 16 1670 
my third sone Andrew was born. July 1 1671 my fourt sone John was 
born. February 1 1673 my fourt daughter Jean was born. 



38 SKENE OF SKENE. 

"July 4 1676 my fuivt daughter Barbara was born. On August 19 
1678 my sext daughter Catren was born. July 24 1679 my fift sone 
Thomas was born." 

In a later hand there is added — 

" In the end of October after the dear father Jo. Skene of that ilk in 
death he departit the 9th of May 1680. his sone James was born. He 
died the 3d day after his birth. 

" Jean Burnett mother of the above writtin children grandaunt to 
the present Sir Al. Burnett of Leyes wife to John Skene of that ilk died 
at Crathes in harvest 1688 somewhat more than eight years after her 
husband's death. This is writt 1745. 

" Jean Burnett aforesaid wife to John Skene of that ilk built the new 
midlc part of the house of Skene in her widowhood and put the roof upon 
the old tower. This is writt by her grandchild George Skene of that 
ilk at Skene the 7th of July 1745. The above built by Jean Burnett is 
the main or middle part, the south wing was built by her said grandchild. 
The old tower makes the north wing " (Old Bible). 

" The said Jean Burnet, Lady Skene, was a woman of uncommon 
conduct and frugality, and altho' she got things in the greatest disorder 
from the former lady's mismanagement, yet she kept the family together 
and lived in a very decent way, and after her husband's death, from her 
savings of her jointure, she floored 'and roofed the old tower, after taking 
out the vaults, and also built a large addition to it, which is at present the 
main body of the house of Skene ; the family having always lived before 
that in low thatch houses, like the better kind of their common farm 
houses" (MS.D). 

John Skene of Skene had the following children by Jean Burnett, 
who survived him, the others mentioned by her having died young : — 
I. Alexander Skene, who succeeded him. 

II. George Skene, "who served under the Duke of Marlborough in 
Queen Anne's wars, and afterwards acquired a considerable sum 
in the Mississippi Stock, in France, with which he bought the 
estate of Caraldstone, An. 1720" (MS.D). He married Elizabeth 
Baird, widow of Francis White, coffee merchant in London, by 
whom he had two daughters — 

1. Elizabeth married her cousin, George Skene of Skene. 

2. Jean married Sir Alexander Forbes of Foveran, Baronet. He 

died in London, 3rd August, 1724. 



SKENE OF SKENE. 39 

III. Thomas Skene " was a lieutenant in the army, and was among the 

troops sent by Queen Anne into Spain, where he was killed " 
(MS.D). 

IV. Elizabeth Skene married William Livingstone, merchant, Aberdeen. 
V. Ann Skene married James Barclay, son to the minister of Keig. 

VI. Jean Skene married Donald Farquharson, son of Charles Far- 
quharson. 
VII. Barbara Skene married John Tytler, merchant, Aberdeen. 



XVI.— Alexander Skene of Skene — 1680- 1724. 

On the 19th March, 1686, when he had attained majority, he was 
served heir to John Skene of that ilk, his father, in the lands and barony 
of Skene, with the lake and mills of the same, and was infeft in the same 
on 13th May, 1686. 

Four years after, he made a marriage, which brought to the family the 
lands of Wester Fintray. This was with " Giles Adie, daughter of Mr. 
David Adie of Newark and Easter Echt, Baillie and Burgess of Aber- 
deen, and Guild Brother of Edinburgh " (MS.D). Her mother was 
Katherine Skene, niece of Sir George Skene of Wester Fintray and 
Rubislaw, who was unmarried, and settled the estate of Wester Fintray 
on Ms grandniece, by the contract of marriage between her and Alexander 
Skene, to which he was a party, and which may be given at length — 

Contract of marriage between Alexander Skene of that ilk, on the 
one part ; and Sir George Skene of Wester Fintray, late Provost of 
Aberdeen, and David Adie of Newark, late Bailie of the said burgh, for 
themselves, and taking burden upon them for Giles Adie, daughter to the 
said David Adie, procreate betwixt him and the deceased Katharine 
Skene, his spouse, who was niece to the said Sir George Skene, and the 
said Giles Adie for herself, on the other part: Whereby the said Alexander 
Skene and the said Giles Adie agree to enter into the bonds of matri- 
mony with each other, and thereafter love, cherish, treat, and entertain 
each other as becometh Christian married persons of their estate and 
rank : And narrating that the said Sir George Skene stands infeft, in 
virtue of a charter granted by King Charles II., in the lands of Wester 
Fintrayes, and that by his disposition, dated 15th September, 1658, he 
disponed the said lands to the deceased George Skene, his nephew, eldest 



40 SKENE OF SKENE. 

son of the deceased David Skene, merchant burgess of Zamosky, in the 
kingdom of Poland, and the heirs male of his body ; whom failing, to 
Alexander Skene, youngest son of the said David Skene, and the heirs 
male of his body ; whom failing, to Mr. George Skene, eldest son of 
Robert Skene, late treasurer burgess of Aberdeen, and the heirs male of 
his body ; whom failing, to the deceased John Skene of that ilk, his heirs 
and assignees whatsomever, bearing the arms and surname of Skene ; 
reserving power to himself to dispone the said lands during his lifetime, 
or to set the same in tack, and also to redeem from the said George and 
Alexander Skenes and others above mentioned, by payment of the sum 
of .£3 Scots, in the Tolbooth of Aberdeen, on any day between the hours 
of twelve and two, intimation having been given to them twenty-four 
hours previously, with various other provisions : And that having resolved, 
from various reasons, to revoke said disposition, and having paid the said 
sum of £3 Scots to the said disponees, and being most zealous and 
desirous to contribute his endeavours and assistance for the flourishing 
and standing of the family of Skene, which had stood in a prosperous 
and flourishing condition for some hundreds of years, in the person of 
the said Alexander Skene of that ilk and his predecessors, of the sur- 
name of Skene, and of which the said Sir George Skene is duly descended, 
and for the special love and respect which the said Sir George Skene 
bears to the said Alexander Skene of that ilk and Giles Adie, his 
apparent spouse : Therefore, in view of the said marriage between them, 
he dispones to them in liferent, and to the heirs male to be gotten be- 
tween them ; whom failing, to the other heirs male of the said Alexander's 
body ; whom failing, to his heirs male whatsoever ; whom all failing, to 
the said Alexander's heirs and assignees whatsoever ; the said lands of 
Wester Fintrayes, with all their pertinents. Dated at Aberdeen the 
eighth February, 1690. Witnesses, John Skene, younger of Dyce ; 
George Adie ; Robert Skene, late treasurer of Aberdeen ; and Mr. George 
Skene, his son. 

Among the letters in the Skene charter chest is one dated 15th 
August, 1694, from George Skene of Rubislaw, grand-nephew of Sir 
George Skene, and his successor in that estate, to the laird of Skene, 
" with five guineas to buy a pony for Lady Skene ;" and another written 
on 7th April, 171 5, which led to a still more important addition to the 
family estates. This was a letter from George Skene to his brother, the 



SKENE OF SKENE. 41 

laird of Skene, asking advice as to the marriage of his eldest daughter, 
Elizabeth, and acknowledging the advice received from Andrew Skene 
of Hilton. Dated at London, 7th April, 171 5. 

What this correspondence led to, the following document shows : — 
Post-nuptial contract of marriage between Alexander Skene of that 
ilk and George Skene, his eldest son, on the one part, and Major George 
Skene of St. James's, London, and Elizabeth Skene, his eldest daughter, 
on the other part, for the marriage of the said George and Elizabeth, 
which took place at York, in August, 17 19. The contract is dated 26th 
February, 1723. 

Giles Adie adds her quota to the family Bible thus : — 
I. My eldest son, George, was born at Aberdeen the 23° of February, 
being Saturday, betwixt four and five in the afternoon, in the year 
of God, 1695. 
II. My daughter Jeane was born at Skene the twa of November, 1696 
years ; married to George Forbes of Alford ; died in March, 
1723, at Skene. 

III. My second daughter, Keatren (married Moncoffer), was born at 

Skene the sixtint of January, one thousand seven hundred and 
one, being Thursday, in the forenoon, at 1 1 o'clocke or thereby ; 
died in Feby., 1744, at Banff; married their to Dr. Fotheringham. 

IV. My third daughter, Elizabeth, was born at Skene 24 Maye, being 

Monday, at eleven o'clock or thereby, in the year of God, 1703 
years ; died a child. 
V. My fourt daughter, Margret, was born on Monday, 24 Dec., in the 

year of God, 1704 years ; died a child. 
VI. My second sone, Alexander, on Tuesday, the nint of July, was 
born in the year of God, 1706 ; died in Jamaica, 1732. 

VII. My third son, David, was born on Saturday, 24 of Aprill, in the 

year of God, 1708 years, at Skene ; died coming from the East 
Indies, 1733, at sea. 

VIII. I had a fourt sone dead-borne on the first day of April, in the 

year of God, 1 7 1 1 years., 
IX. My 5 son, John, was born the 6 October, being Tuesday, betwixt 
8 & nine in the afternoon, in the year of God, 1713. 
Her eldest son adds to this — 

" John, the said Alexander's fifth son, was born 17 13, was a lieutenant 
G 



42 SKENE OK SKENE. 

in Colonel Murray's regiment, and was killed under Sir John Cope, at the 
battle of Preston, near Edinburgh, by some called the battle of Glads- 
muir, fought the 21st September, 1745, being the first fought in that 
rebellion, so that he wanted only a little of being 32 years of age, so that 
none of the children are now alive but one, the writer, and eldest." 

Alexander Skene of that ilk, the father, died at Skene the 20th 
January, 1724 ; his brother, Major George Skene of Caraldstone, died at 
London, the 1 8th of August said year, 1724 — (old Bible). 

XVII. — George Skene of Skene— 1724-1756 

succeeded his father and uncle in 1724, and on 10th June, 1725, he took 
infeftment upon a disposition by the late Major George Skene of Carald- 
stone, with consent of Elizabeth Baird, his spouse, in favour of himself and 
her, and the heirs male between them ; whom failing, to the heirs male of 
his body, by any other marriage ; which failing, to Elizabeth Skene, his 
eldest daughter, now spouse to George Skene, now of that ilk, eldest son 
of the late Alexander Skene of that ilk, who was brother-german to the 
said Major George Skene, and to the heirs male between them ; which 
failing, to the other heirs of entail of the granter ; of his lands and barony 
of Balnamoon and others contained in said disposition, and in the disposi- 
tion thereof by Sir John Stuart of Grandtully, baronet, to the said Major 
George Skene, of date 15th August, 1721, now disponing an annuity of 
£600 sterling, in trust, for behoof of the said Elizabeth Skene, his eldest 
daughter, and her heirs, the said George Skene of that ilk, and Andrew 
Skene of Lethenty, being of the trustees. 

The deed of entail of the lands and barony of Balnamoon, compre- 
hending the lands and barony of Caraldstone, Little Watterston, Brocklaw, 
and Berrytullich haugh, on the west side of the South Esk, executed by 
Major George Skene on the 24th October, 1721, was recorded in the 
Register of Entails on 6th January, 1725. 

On 20th August, 1725, the testament dative and inventory of the 
goods gear debts and sums of money pertaining to the deceased Major 
George Skene of Caraldstone, residenter in the City of London, who died 
there upon the 13th of August, 1724, was given up by George Skene of 
that ilk, husband to, and in name and behalf of, Elizabeth Skene, his 
spouse, and by Sir Alexander Forbes of Foveran, Bart., husband to, and 
in name and behalf of, Dame Jean Skene, his spouse ; which Elizabeth 



SKENE OF SKENE. 43 

and Dame Jean Skene, lawful daughters to the said Major George Skene, 
are only executrixes dative decerned as nearest in heir to him, and the 
said George Skene of that ilk, husband to the said Elizabeth, and the said 
Sir Alexander Forbes, husband to the said Dame Jean Skene, for their 
interests, and that by decreet of the Commissaries of Edinburgh, of date 
10th March, 1725. Amount of the inventory, £10,791 14s. 

Among the moneys owing to the deceased is the following, viz., Item, 
the said defunct, his four shares in the capital stock of the Governor and 
Company of the Bank of Scotland, being £4000 Scots subscription, of 
which three was paid in by the defunct (designed in the said company's 
books Captain George Skene, in the Royal Regiment of Dragoons). 
Amount of inventory and debts, £17,065 15s. ad. 

Among the Skene papers are a number of letters relating to the death 
of Elizabeth, the wife of George Skene of Skene, which happened at 
Montrose on 30th March, 1730, her husband being then in London. In 
one of these, from Sir Alexander Burnet of Leyes, his brother-in-law, 
mention is made of the welfare of the " two pretty boys," the sons of the 
said George Skene, then staying at Leyes. He married a second time 
his cousin, Sarah, daughter of Baillie Simpson of Aberdeen, by whom 
he had no children. She died 2Sth November, 1789. 

George Skene of Skene was, on nine successive occasions (1737-45), 
elected Lord Rector of Marischal College and University. The following 
notice of his death appeared in the Aberdeen Journal of September 7th, 
1756 : — " On Friday morning [September 3rd], about 10 o'clock, died at 
Skene (the seat of this ancient Family), in the sixty-second Year of his 
Age, much and justly lamented, George Skene of that Ilk, a Man of 
superior Capacity ; fitted for Business ; remarkable for doing good, and 
making up Differences amongst his Friends and Neighbours. He was a 
sincere and steady Friend, a dutiful Son, a tender and affectionate 
Husband, a fond indulgent Parent, a kind and encouraging Master. His 
Humanity and Benevolence was extensive, especially to the poor ; and 
those in Distress were sure of a Friend in him. He was a Father to the 
Fatherless, and a Husband to the Widow ; a sincere good Christian, 
without Ostentation or Show. These substantial Qualities being accom- 
panied with great Knowledge, true Taste, and an inimitable Turn of 
Humour, make the Tears of his Friends flow unbidden o'er his grave." 

He had two sons by his first wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Major 
George Skene of Caraldstone, viz. : — 



44 SKENE OF SKENE. 

I. George Skene, who succeeded him. 
II. James Skene, who was a captain in the army, and married a Miss 
Allan, by whom he had seven sons and three daughters. 

1. George Skene, who was executed in London for forgery. 

2. Alexander Skene, captain in the Navy (well known as a 

beautiful musician), married Miss Fordyce of Ayton, and 
died at Edinburgh on the 14th September, 1823, leaving no 
issue. 

3. David Skene, died young. 

4. Andrew Skene, died young. 

5. James Skene, died in India, leaving a natural son, James, an 

officer in the army. 

6. John Skene, died in India. 

7. Another son died. 

8. Elizabeth Skene, married the Reverend Dr. Munroe, and had issue. 

9. Sarah Skene, married Lynch of Jamaica, and had issue. 
10. Barbara Skene, married Sturgeon, and had issue (MS.E). 

XVIII.— George Skene of Skene— 1756-1781. 

On 27th July, 1757, there is a sasine on a charter under the great seal, 
in favour of George Skene of that ilk, eldest lawful son of the deceased 
George Skene of that ilk, procreated between him and the also deceased 
Elizabeth Skene, his spouse, eldest lawful daughter of the deceased Major 
George Skene of Caraldstone ; and to the heirs male of his body ; whom 
failing, to James Skene, only other son now in life of the said George 
Skene of that ilk, senior, procreated between him and the said Elizabeth 
Skene, his spouse, and the heirs male of the body of the said James 
Skene ; whom failing, to the heirs male procreated between Sir Alexander 
Forbes of Foveran, baronet, and Lady Jane Skene, second daughter of 
the said Major George Skene ; whom failing, to Alexander Skene, second 
lawful son of the deceased Alexander Skene of that ilk, and the heirs 
male of his body ; whom failing, to David Skene, third lawful son of the 
said Alexander Skene of that ilk, and the heirs male lawfully procreated 
of his body ; whom failing, to John Skene, fourth son of the said deceased 
Alexander Skene, and the heirs male lawfully procreated by his body ; 
whom failing, to the heirs male of the body of the said Alexander Skene, 
brother of the said Major George Skene ; whom all failing, to the heirs 
female of the substitutes above mentioned, without division. 



SKENE OF SKENE. 45 

In the same year there is a discharge by Sarah Simpson, widow of 
George Skene of that ilk, of various sums of money contained in bonds 
granted by her late husband, now paid by George Skene, also of that ilk. 
Dated at Skene, 8th November, 1757. 

George Skene of Skene married his cousin Mary, daughter of George 
Forbes of Alford, by Jane, daughter of Alexander Skene, his grandfather. 
She is said to have been exceedingly handsome, but had the misfortune 
to be dumb. She died 15th March, 1786. 

By her he had the following children : — 

I. George Skene, who succeeded him. 
II. James Skene, who died unmarried. 

III. David Skene, was a burgess of Aberdeen, and died at Croydon in 

March, 18 17. 

IV. Andrew Skene, died unmarried. 

V. Alexander Skene, was born deaf and dumb. 
VI. Mary Skene, married, 17th August, 1775, the Honourable Alexander 
Duff, afterwards third Earl Fife, by whom she had two sons. 

1. James, fourth Earl Fife, who died without issue 9th March, 1857. 

2. General the Honourable Sir Alexander Duff died 21st Match, 

1857, leaving by Anne, daughter of James Stein of Kilboagie, 
two sons and two daughters : — 

(1) James succeeded as fifth Earl. 

(2) George Skene. 

(3) Catharine. 

(4) Louisa Tollemache. 

VII. Sarah Skene, married, 12th June, 1780, Thomas Macdonald, W.S., 
and had issue. 
George Skene of Skene died in 1 781, and was succeeded by his eldest 
son. 

XIX.— George Skene of Skene— 1781-1825. 

" He was educated for the Scotch bar, and passed advocate, but never 
practised. He afterwards entered the army, and served for some years 
in General Gordon of Fyvie's regiment of infantry, as captain. He was 
afterwards elected member of Parliament for the county of Aberdeen, but 
being subsequently opposed by Mr. Ferguson of Pitfour, did not succeed 
in a second canvass. He was an ardent admirer of the Ministry of Mr. 
Fox, and a firm adherent of the Whig side of politics to the termination 



46 SKENE OF SKENE. 

of his life. Had it not been for the violence of his political opinions, and 
the dissipated life to which he was addicted, he was a man of talents and 
dispositions calculated to have made a figure in the corner of the country 
where his fortune and the antiquity of his family entitled him to take a 
lead. But in spite of these disadvantageous circumstances, his acuteness 
in the public affairs of the county, and remarkably conciliatory manner, 
continued, during the course of his life, to give great weight to his opinion 
at the meetings of the Freeholders. He never married ; and having 
lived to see every member of his family of the name of Skene disappear, 
save one unfortunate remnant, he executed, towards the end of his life, a 
deed of entail of the whole of his property, movable as well as heritable, 
upon the line of heirs contained in the entail of the estate of Caraldstone, 
and thus, notwithstanding his pride in the antiquity of his name and 
family, and the strong interest he was in use to express in the duration 
of the clan of which he was the chief, he voluntarily extinguished almost, 
in his own demise, the name of Skene of Skene " (MS.E). 

The editor well remembers having seen this laird of Skene when 
visiting his father at Inverie House, on the Feuch, near Banchory. The 
editor was then only six years old, but a circumstance connected with 
the visit made an impression upon his mind, and corroborates the sketch 
above given of the convivial habits into which the laird had fallen in the 
later years of his life. The editor's father and he used to exchange an 
annual visit, but their habits were very different, Mr. Skene of Rubislaw 
being sobriety itself. He was known, on one of his visits to Skene — 
when detained till early in the morning at the laird's convivial table — when 
at length he was allowed to escape to his bedroom, to have jumped out 
of the window and walked 17 miles home to Inverie. On the occasion 
of a return visit of the laird to Inverie, the editor — then a little boy — 
had been promised by his father that he would take him out next morning 
with him, when he proposed to fish for salmon ; but when he was detained 
till a late hour at the dinner table, seeing that the laird had drunk himself 
into such a state that he could not see the difference, he quietly slipped out 
and substituted his Swiss servant, a man of good appearance and manner, 
to sit with the laird. The editor recollects being in his father's dressing- 
room at six o'clock, A.M., and seeing the laird with the Swiss servant 
walking round the court, the former clamouring for another bottle, while 
the latter was vainly advising him to go to bed. 



SKENE OF SKENE. 47 

George Skene of Skene died at Skene on the 28th April, 1825, and 
was succeeded by his brother. 

XX.— Alexander Skene of Skene— 1825- 1827. 
He was " upwards of sixty years of age, and having the misfortune 
to have been born deaf and dumb, and now (1826) for many years nearly 
blind, by reason of a disease in his eyes, his mind, though not absolutely 
in a state of imbecility, has been so little cultivated, as to render him 
quite unfit to take charge of his own affairs in any respect. Application 
was accordingly made to the Court of Session by his three nearest rela- 
tives, Earl Fife, General Duff, and the Reverend Mr. Macdonald, his 
nephews, to appoint a factor loco tutoris, which has been done. Upon 
his decease the family may be considered extinct, as the whole of the 
properties merge in the extensive entailed territories of the Earl of Fife, 
thus giving a singular confirmation to a traditional malediction reported 
to have been pronounced against the race of Skene of Skene. With 
what degree of truth I cannot say, but I have heard it narrated that the 
grandfather of the present laird, who married the dumb lady, Mary 
Forbes of Alford, who was very handsome, had had the baseness 
previously to seduce her, and was compelled by the family to fulfil the 
marriage, having previously fought with and wounded her brother. 
Upon which occasion the aged father of the lady is said to have 
imprecated the judgment of Heaven upon the family, that they might 
be cursed in their generation and come to a speedy termination. I have 
known in my time eleven males of the family, and seen nine of them 
swept off in the full vigour of life, one by an ignominious death; the last 
laird remarkable for a dissolute life ; his only sisters both divorced from 
their husbands, abandoned in their conduct, the one accidentally burnt 
to death, the other dying in misery a prostitute in a foreign land ; and 
now the only remnant left a poor helpless object, unconscious of the 
affluence and honors to which he has succeeded, vegetating in the old 
mansion of Skene, bereft nearly of all the attributes which distinguish 
man from the brute creation, and wearing out in humiliating obscurity 
the last dregs of his ancient race " (MS.E). He died of an attack of 
apoplexy on Sunday the 29th of April, 1827, and with him terminated 
the line of Skene of Skene. One exception to this melancholy picture of 
the younger members of the family appears to be "Miss Betty Skene, 



4 8 



SKENE OF SKENE. 



eldest daughter to the Laird of Skene," who died at Carreston on the 
16th February, 1766, and who is said, in the Aberdeen Journal, to have 
been " much regretted, as she was a most amiable, virtuous young lady." 

The succession to his estates fell under the deed of entail executed by 
his great grand uncle, Major George Skene of Caraldstone, and by his 
elder brother, George Skene of Skene, to his nephew, James, Earl Fife; 
while the male representation of the family devolved upon the Skenes 
of Halyards, in Fife. 

James, fifth Ear! Fife, who succeeded his uncle in 1857, was in the 
same year created a British Peer, by the title of 

Baron Skene of Skene. 




i 



Arms of Alexander, XVI. of Skene, and Giles Adie his Spouse, from a Stone at Skene House. 









% 






m* 



,«-<V~ 'Vf 











1^ . 



CHAPTER II. 

SKENE OF HALYARDS IN FIFE. 

I. — Andrew Skene in Auchorie 

is erroneously called, in MS. A, second son of "the little laird," but correctly, 
in MS.D, second son of James Skene XII. of that ilk, by Jean Douglas, his 
wife, and grandson of " the little laird," a filiation which his son's being 
called to the barony of Skene in the deed of 1623, immediately after 
Mr. Andrew Skene of Overdyce, shows to be correct. 

He appears, in 1598, as burgess of Aberdeen ; and in 1599 Andrew 
Skene in Aberdeen (the brother), and John Forbes of Camphill (the 
brother-in-law), appear as executors to umquhile Alexander Skene, 
sometime fiarof that ilk ; and again, in the same year, on 3rd November, 
as executors, lawfully confirmed, to umquhile Alexander Skene, fiat- of 
that ilk. 

He appears, after his father's death in 1605, to have obtained posses- 
sion of the Tanistry lands of Auchorie, as we find him so designed in 
a service in 1610 ; and, in 1613, Andrew Skene in Auchorie is baillie 
of the barony of Skene. 

He married " Bessie Cadell or Calder, daughter of the laird of 
Asloun, by whom he begat three sons — 

I. Sir Andrew Skene, thereafter laird of Halyards, in Fife. 
II. Patrick Skene [ancestor of the Skenes in Austria]. 

III. William Skene, died unmarried. 

IV. Jean Skene, married Mr. Robert , Professor of Divinity 

at St. Andrews. 
V. Isobell Skene, died unmarried" (MS. A). 
He appears to have died in 1619. 
H 



-Kl'\r Ol- IIAI-VARHS IN FIFK. 



II.— Sir Andrew Skene of Halyards— 1619-1653. 

He appears, during his father's life, to have filled the lucrative office 
of servitor to Sir John Skene, the Lord Clerk Register, and to have been 
a Master of Arts. 

In the Register of the Privy Seal we find, on 17th December, 1608, 
" Ane letter maid to Mr. Andro Skene, servitor to Sir John Skene of 
Curriehill, knight, Clerk of Register, of the gift of the escheit of John 
Irving, in QuhytrigiS, at the instance of David Ramsay of Balmain, for 
payment to the said David, as cautioner for Arthur Stratoun of Canter- 
land, of certain sums" ; and again, on 28th June, 1610, "Ane letter maid 
to Maister Andro Skene, servitor to Sir John Skene of Curriehill, knight, 
Clerk of the Register, of the gift of the escheit, whilk is pertenit of befor 
to Alexander Skene, lawful sonc to umquhile Gilbert Skene of Tillebir- 
loche, at the instance of Robert Forbes, portioner of Findrossie." 

On 8th December, in the same year, there is a precept "Jacobus &c 
dedimus &c dilecto nostra Magistro Andrea; Skene servitori Clerici nostri 
registri hercdibus suis et assignatis quibuscunque hereditarie totas et 
intcgras terras et Baroniam dc Leslie specialiter in sc comprchenden. 
villas terras et alias suprascriptas." 

On 22nd August, 1612, there is another precept which shows his 
identity with the son of Andrew Skene of Auchorie — "Jacobus &c dedi- 
mus &c dilecto nostra Magistro Andrea: Skene filio natu maximo Andrea? 
Skene de Auchorie heredibus et assignatis quibuscunque terras de Cammo 
et Chappelton." 

When Sir John Skene resigned his office of Clerk Register in 
1612, he appears to have become servitor to the Earl of Crawford, as 
there is recorded in the Register of Deeds, on 9th June, 161 3, a bond, by 
David, Earl of Crawford, to his servitor, Mr. Andro Skene, eldest son 
to Andro Skene of Auchorie, dated at the castle of Edinburgh, 2nd 
January, 1612. 

In the year 1628, we find him in possession of the lands and barony 
of Auchtertule. The whole parish of Auchtertule was the property of 
the bishops of Dunkeld, and they were in the habit of granting their 
lands, as was the usual custom with church lands, to lay proprietors, in 



SKENE OF HALYARDS IN FIFE. 5 1 

feu-farm. We find that Auchtertule had been granted, in this manner, 
to Sir William Forbes of Craigievar, in 1617, and subsequently to Mr. 
John Skene, Clerk of Session, second son of Sir John Skene, from whom 
it passed to Mr. Andrew Skene, who received a crown charter confirming 
these grants, and thus came to hold it of the crown. This charter, 
granted on iSth January, 1628, confirms " duas cartas feudifirmae 
subscriptas unam quarum factam per reverendum in Christo patrem 
Alexandrum Dunkelden. episcopum superiorem tcrrarum &c dilecto 
nostro Magistro Joanni Skene uni clericorum nostri concilii et heredibus 
suis et assignatis de omnibus et singulis tcrris et baroniae de Auchter- 
tule jacen. infra vie. dc Fife et alteram dictarum cartarum factam per 
dictum reverendum in Christo patrem dilecto nostro Magistro Andreas 
Skene tunc de Chappeltown nunc de Auchtertule heredibus suis et 
assignatis dc omnibus et singulis terris et baronia de Auchtertule." 

The baron)' of Auchtertule contained within it the old castle of 
Halyards, situated on the lake of Halyards, and Mr. Andrew Skene 
appears to have made it his residence, and eventually taken his title 
from it, as we find him designed in 1633 " Mr. Andro Skene of Hal- 
yards," in an assignation by Thomas Bruce in Parkhill, and Elspet 
Skene, his spouse, with his consent, to William Leslie, in Ley of 
Tulliebardie. 

Sir Andrew Skene was knighted by King Charles the First, in 
Parliament assembled at Edinburgh, 6th November, 1641, along with 
three others who served as esquires upon the installation of General 
Leslie as Earl of Leven — (Balfour's Annals, III., p. 140). 

He married Barbara Forbes, daughter of William Forbes of Craigievar, 
and had the following children : — 

I. John Skene, who succeeded him. 
II. James Skene of Wester Bogie, who married Elizabeth Orrock, and 
was, in 1662, infeft in the lands of Watstoun, in Cambusncthan, 
in which he is designed lawful son of the deceased Sir Andrew 
Skene of Auchtertule, knight, and Mr. Andrew Skene, his 
brother, is attorney ; and, in 1673, James Skene of Wester 
Bogie, brother-german to John Skene of Halyards, and Elizabeth 
Orrock, his spouse, are infeft in the town and lands of Bogie 
Wester, in the constabulary of Kinghorn. He had by her — 
1. Andrew Skene, younger of Wester Bogie, mentioned in 1693. 



52 SKENE OF HALYARDS IN FIFE. 

2. John Skene of Wester Bogie, who receives, in 1708, a Renuncia- 
tion, by Michael Malcolm of Balbeadie, of an annual rent of 
£ig 4s. 6d., out of the lands of Wester Bogie. He had a 
son, John Skene, mentioned by Sibbald as in possession of 
Wester Bogie in 1710. He seems to have been the last of 
the family. 

III. Mr. Andrew Skene appears, in 1665, as indweller in Edinburgh. 

He married Christian Wardlaw, and had three sons — Henry, 
Andrew, and John. 

IV. Mr. Alexander Skene. In 1663, on 1st, July, Mr. Alexander 

Skene, Halyards' brother, is admitted Regent of St Leonard's 
College, St. Andrews, and became Provost of St. Salvador's. 
Appended to one of the maces is this inscription — " Dr. Alex- 
ander Skene Collegii Sancti Salvatoris nostri prepositus me 
temporis injuria laesum et mutilatum publicis dicti Collegii 
sumptibus reparandum curavit An. Dom. 1685." On 24th April, 
17 18, the testament dative and inventory of the debts and sum of 
money pertaining to the deceased Doctor Alexander Skene, 
residenter in the Canongate, sometime Provost of the Old College 
of St. Andrews, who died in the Canongate in the month of 
, 1707, is given up by executors dative as creditors. 
V. William Skene. 
VI. Patrick Skene. 20th September, 1693, Mr. Andrew Skene and 
Patrick Skene, sons of deceased Sir Andrew Skene of Halyards, 
are mentioned. 

VII. Robert Skene in Lamington. John Skene of Halyards, and 
James Skene, his brother, tutors to Robert Skene, our brother- 
german. Disposition John Skene of Halyards, and Robert 
Skene, his brother-german, to James Skene of Wester Bogie, 
their brother-german, of an annual rent of ,£20 Scots, dated at 
Lamington, 20th October, 1668. 

VIII; Barbara Skene married, 1st, David Ramsay of Grangemuir. "1657, 
December 15, David Ramsay, by way of rapt, took away Barbara 
Skeyne, Halyards' eldest sister, out of her mother's house at 
Kingorne, and went and married her at the Border" (Chron. of 
Fife). She married, 2nd, Sir David Mores, advocate. 



f 



SKENE OF HALYARDS IN FIFE. 53 

IX. Katharine Skene married William Lindsay, afterwards Bishop of 

Dunkeld, son of James Lindsay of Dowhill, by contract, dated 

in 1666. 

"January, 1653 — The old laird of Halyards (sumamed Skene) 

departed this life at Halyards, and was interred at Auchtertoole church. 

In November, 1653, his lady left Halyards, and went and dwelt in Dun- 

fermling. All her children went with her" — (Chron. of Fife). 



III.— John Skene of Halyards — 1653-1707. 

On 24th May, 1653, John Skein of Halyards served heir to Sir Andro 
Skeene of Halyards, his father, in the lands and barony of Auchtertule, 
viz., the lands of Newtoune and Craigtoune of Auchtertule ; the lands of 
Weltoun ; the lands of Milnetoun and Milne of Auchtertule ; the lands 
and loch of Halyairds ; the lands of Easter and Wester Clintrayes, with 
the loch of Lochorishburne, unite into the barronie of Auchtertule ; the 
burgh of barronie of the Milnetoun of Auchtertule with the weiklie and 
yierlie faires ; the lands of Shepletoune, with the commonties of White- 
hills, Greenmyre, and Pilmure, within the parochin and barronie of Meigle, 
with the advocatione of the kirk of Auchtertule, within the diocie of 
Dunkeld and Sheriffdom of Fyff— (Ind. Ret). 

John Skene's arms are recorded in the Lyon Register : " Gules three 
Daggers Argent, hilted and pomelled Or, surmounted of as many woolfs 
heads couped of the third, a crescent for difference.' 1 Crest : " A dexter 
hand proper holding a dagger as the former." Motto : " Virtutis regia 
merces." 

He was twice married, 1st, on 4th February, 1653, to " Margaret, 
daughter of David McGill of Rankeillor, by whom he had two sons and 
two daughters " (MS.D). 

I. John Skene, who succeeded him. 
II. James Skene, "who got from his father the lands of Grange and 
Kirkcaldy" (MS.D). 

6th December, 1684 — Sasine on crown charter in favour of John 
Skene of Halyards, in liferent, and James Skene, his second son, 
in fee, of the lands and barony of New Grange. " He married 
on 12th January, 1688, Anna Drummond, 2nd daughter of James 



54 SKENE OF HALYARDS IN FIFE. 

Drummond, Cultmalundie, by whom he had two daughters " 
MS.D . 
i. Margaret Skene married to John Carnegie of Boysach. 
2. Katharine Skene died unmarried. 

James died without issue male, in 169S ; and on 29th Novem- 
ber, 1699, John Skene, senior, of Halyards, was served heir of 
provision to James Skene, his second son, in the lands of Mains 
of Grange and Banchrie. 

III. Elizabeth Skene married Sir Henry Ward law of Pitreavic, bart. 

23rd May, 1691 — Disposition by John Skene, elder, of Hal- 
yards, to Dame Elizabeth Skene, his eldest lawful daughter, 
spouse to Sir Henry Wardlaw of Pitreavic, of an annual rent of 
/,"i20. out of the lands of Milnehills. 

IV. Katharine Skene was three times married, 1st, to Sir James 

Anstruther of Airdrie; 2nd, to Major Andrew Quhyt ; and 3rd, to 
Lord Edward Murray; and hail issue by them all. It is said that 
she obtained her three husbands from the extreme beauty of her 
hand ; and there is a portrait of her by Sir Peter Lely, formerly 
in the possession of the editor, and now in that of H. J. Trotter, 
Esq., M.P., a descendant of the family, in which the hands arc 
prominently displayed, so as to show the back of one, and the 
palm of the other. 

28th February, 1688 — Charter under the great seal, in favour of 
Dame Katharine Skene, relict of Major Andrew W'hyt and Philip 
Anstruther, only lawful son, procreat between her and the 
deceased Sir James Anstruther of Airdrie, of the lands and 
barony of Airdrie. 

4th June, 1744 — Testament dative of the deceased Dame 
Katharine Skene, relict of Lord Edward Murray, who died in the 
Canongate of Edinburgh, given up by John Murray, son lawful 
procreated between the deceased Lord Edward Murray and the 
defunct, his spouse. 
John Skene of Halyards married, 2nd, Helen, daughter of Patrick 

Pitcairn, sometime of Pitlour, from whom he had, in 1683, bought that 

estate, and by her he had a son. 
V. David Skene, born 17th January, 1696, ancestor of the Skenes of 
Pitlour. 



SKENE OF HALYARDS IN FIFE. 55 

On 23rd April, 1684, there is a sasine on a disposition by 
Henry Pitcairn, elder of Pitlour, and Patrick Pitcairn, fiar 
thereof, his eldest lawful son, in favour of John Skene elder 
of Halyards, John, Charles, and Thomas Skene, his grand- 
children, of the town and lands of Wester and Easter Pitloures, 
in the barony of Strathmiglo, dated at Edinburgh, 22nd 
November, 1683, and at Balmuill, 24th November, 16S3. 

On 29th July, 1700, John Skene of Halyards grants a dis- 
position in favour of David Skene, his lawful son procreat 
betwixt him and Helen Pitcairn, lawful daughter to Patrick 
Pitcairn, sometime of Pitlour, his present spouse, and the heirs 
male to be procreat of his body ; which failing, to the eldest 
for the time, of John, Charles, Thomas, William, David, and 
Edward Skenes, lawful sons to John Skene, younger of 
Halyards, eldest son to the said John Skene, elder and so forth, 
of the lands of Wester and Easter Pitloures, in the Lordship 
of Balmerino, dated at Grange. 

And on 1 8th July, 1706, there is a sasine on a royal charter 
in favour of David Skene, lawful son to John Skene, senior of 
Halyards, and the heirs male to be lawfully procreat of his 
body; whom failing, James Skene, lawful son of John Skene 
of Halyards and the heirs male to be lawfully procreat of his 
body; whom failing, Andrew Skene, lawful son of the said John 
Skene and the heirs male to be lawfully procreat of his body; 
whom failing, David Skene, lawful son of the said John Skene, 
junior, and the heirs male to be lawfully procreat of his body; 
whom failing, Edward Skene, also lawful son of the said John 
Skene and the heirs male of his body; whom all failing, to the 
said John Skene, senior, and his nearest heirs and assignees 
whomsoever, of the lands of Easter and Wester Pitloures, and 
the town and lands of Friermilne, in the parish of Strathmiglo. 
Dated at the Palace of St. James, 19th January, 1706. 
1707, December 10— Upon the 10th instant, John Skene of Halyards 
departed this life (Par. Reg.). 



56 SKENE OF HALYARDS IN FIFE. 



IV.— John Skene of Halyards— 1707- 1709 

succeeded his father, and is infeft on nth December, 1708, on a charter 
under the great seal in favour of John Skene of Halyards and the heirs 
male, lawfully to be procreat of his body ; whom failing, the heirs male, 
procreat of the body of the deceased John Skene of Halyards, his father, 
and whom failing, his heirs male whomsoever ; whom all failing, his 
nearest and lawful heirs and assignees whomsoever, of the lands and 
baronic of Auchtertoole, at Edinburgh, 29th November, 1708. 

He married Elizabeth, second daughter of Sir Thomas Wallace of 
Craigie, Baronet. 

1680, August 28 — John Skene, younger of Halyards, in Fife, Mrs. 
Elizabeth Wallace, lawful daughter to the deceased Lord Craigie, 
married by Dr. Alexander Skene, Provost of St. Salvators College, in 
St Andrews — (Edin. Session Records). 

22nd January, 1690— Sasine on contract of marriage, of date, at 
Edinburgh, 11th August, 1680, entered into between John Skene, elder 
of Halyards, John Skene, younger thereof, his eldest lawful son, and 
Margaret McGill, spouse to the said John Skene, elder; and Mistress 
Elizabeth Wallace, then promised, and present spouse to the said John 
Skene, younger of Halyards, therein designed, lawful daughter to the 
deceased Sir Thomas Wallace of Craigie, Knight, Baronet, Lord- 
Justice Clerk, with advice and consent of Sir William Wallace of Craigie, 
Knight, and Baronet, her brother-german : whereby the said John 
Skene, elder, with consent of his said spouse, bound him to infeft and 
seize the said John Skene, younger, his eldest lawful son, and the heirs 
male, to be procreat between him and the said Elizabeth Wallace, in the 
lands, barony, and whole parish of Auchtertool. 

By Elizabeth Wallace he had the following children : — 

I. John Skene, who succeeded him. 
II. Charles Skene, who was a lieutenant in Lord Dalrymple's 
regiment, "was married and had a son, who died 1741, and two 
daughters living in 1788" (MS.E). 

III. Thomas Skene died unmarried before 29th June, 1706, when his 

Testament is confirmed in Edinburgh Commissary Court. 

IV. William Skene died unmarried. 



SKENE OF HALYARDS IN FIFE. 57 

V. James Skene, who carried on the line of this family. 
VI. Andrew Skene, lieutenant in Earl of Orkney's regiment. 

19th April, 1710 — Renunciation by Andrew Skene, lieutenant 
in the Earl of Orkney's regiment of foot, and sixth lawful son 
of the deceased John Skene of Halyards, in Fife, in favour of 
John Skene, now of Halyards, his eldest lawful brother, now 
served and retoured, and infeft, to the said deceased John Skene, 
their father, of an annual sub-rent of the lands, barony, and 
parish of Auchtertool. 
VII. David Skene died unmarried. 
VIII. Edward Skene died unmarried. 
IX. Margaret Skene. 

X. Elizabeth Skene married Calderwood of Pittedie. 
John Skene appears to have married a second time Mrs. Anne Stuart. 
On 19th January, 1709, there is a sasine on a bond of provision by 
the deceased John Skene, younger of Halyards, in favour of Charles, 
William, James, Andrew, David, and Edward, Margaret and Elizabeth, 
his lawful children, whereby he bound himself and his heirs to pay to his 
said children the sums of money following, viz., to each of his sons, 5000 
merks Scots, to his eldest daughter Margaret, 10,000 merks Scots, and to 
his youngest daughter Elizabeth, 9000 merks Scots, and bound himself to 
infeft them in an annual rent of £2120, or any other rent corresponding 
to the principal sum of 53,000 merks forsaid out of the land and barony 
of Auchtertool, reserving the liferent interest of Mrs. Anne Stuart, lady 
of the said John Skene. It is dated at Halyards, 10th July, 1705. 

" John Skene, fiar of Halyards, having married Elizabeth, second 
daughter of Sir Thomas Wallace of Craigie, Baronet, his third daughter 
having married John Drummond, brother to the Duke of Perth, and 
himself Duke of Melfort, in France, John Skene and his lady accom- 
panied them to France, where he ran through his estate" (MS.E). He 
survived his father only two years, and died in 1709. 

V. — John Skene of Halyards— 1709-17 17 
succeeded to an encumbered estate on his father's death, and on 29th 
August, 171 3, is infeft on a precept of clare constat by Charles, Earl of 
Murray, Lord Doune and Abernethy, as nearest heir male of the deceased 
John Skene of Auchtertool, his grandfather, of the kirklands of Auchter- 
I 



58 SKENE OF HALYARDS IN FIFE. 

tool, dated at Donniebristle, ioth August, 171 3, and on the 20th August, 
171 3, he resigns these lands to Charles, Earl of Murray. 

Two years after, on 30th June, 17 15, there is a resignation, by John 
Skene of Halyards, eldest lawful son and heir male, served and retoured 
to the deceased John Skene of Halyards, his father, procreat between him 
and the late Elizabeth Wallace, his spouse, to Charles, Earl of Moray, of 
the lands, barony, and whole parish of Auchtertool, with the manor place 
of Halyards, in Fife, 5th May, 17 13. 

John Skene died unmarried and the line of the family was carried on 
by his brother. 

VI. — James Skene 
"was engaged in the rebellion of 1715, and taken prisoner at Preston. 
On the 7th April, 1 7 16, he was arraigned for high treason, condemned on 
1 2th May, but afterwards pardoned. He again engaged in the attempt 
of 17 19, and was taken at Glenshicl. He was examined for his share in 
Bishop Atterbury's treason in 1722" — See "State Trials," vol. vi., pp. 
389, 44S, and 466). 

"James Skene married Mary Ann Smith, daughter of the Reverend 
J. Smith of Battcrsca. He engaged in trade, but being unfortunate died 
of grief in 1736" (MS.E). 

He left two sons and one daughter — 
I. Philip Wharton Skene, born 5th February, 1725. 

II. James Skene, a surgeon in the East India Company's Service, 

died unmarried in London in 1780. 
III. Elizabeth Skene died unmarried in June, 1799. 
VII.— Philip Wharton Skene 
" first joined the army under his uncle Andrew's charge, then a captain 
in the Royal Scots. He served in the same regiment in the West Indies, 
where Captain Andrew Skene died, 30th March, 1742, in Jamaica. He 
afterwards served in Flanders, at Dettingen, Fontenoy, and in 1745 at 
Culloden, and again in Flanders in 1747. After the peace he went 
to Ireland, where he married Katharine, only child of Samuel 
Heyden of Arklow. Colonel Philip Skene went upon service to North 
-America in 1756, and returned to Ireland in 1765, in order to take his 
family to North America, where he established them at Skeneborough, on 
Lake Champlain, a property obtained partly by purchase and partly by 
grant from the Crown. Mrs. Skene died there in 1771. In 1775 



SKENE OF HALYARDS IN FIFE. 59 

Colonel Skene was appointed lieutenant-governor of the forts at Crown 
Point and Ticonderoga, and surveyor of the forest of Lake Champlain. 
When the American war broke out, he and his family were arrested, 
and his estates confiscated. He served during the war, and came to 
England in 1778. In 1786 or 1787, the commissioners for the claims of 
American loyalists awarded him ^20,000 for his personal losses, with 
which he purchased property in Northamptonshire and Buckinghamshire, 
and died at Hartwell, in June, 18 10, in the 86th year of his age" (MS.E). 
He married in 1752 Katherine, daughter of Samuel Heyden of 
Kilmacow, in Arklow, County Wicklow, and had by her — 
I. Andrew Philip Skene, born 25th March, 1753. 
II. Mary Ann Margaret Skene, born 1755, died unmarried. 
III. Katharine Skene, born 1756, married Major de Piguet, and had 
issue. 

VIII.— Andrew Philip Skene 
" served along with his father in America, in the 27th, 72nd, and 43rd 
regiments, and was afterwards Major of Brigade in America, subsequently 
on the staff in Scotland " (MS.E). 

He died 18th January, 1826, having had by his wife, Henrietta, only 
child of David James, of Serjeants Inn, London, whom he married on 
20th December, 1792 — 

I. Philip Orkney Skene, born 14th October, 1793, first lieutenant 
Royal Engineers. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Richard 
Wood, Esquire, and died without issue in April, 1837. 
II. David James Skene, born 13th October, 1794, lieutenant in the 
68th regiment of foot, and afterwards in the 1st Light Dragoons, 
died without issue, 1st February, 1835. 
III. Andrew Motz Skene, born 28th June, 1797 ; a captain in the 
navy, married Rachel Jemima, youngest daughter of James 
Walmesley, Esq., and died in July, 1849, having had the 
following children — 

1. Andrew Philip Skene, born 6th September, 1832. 

2. Elizabeth Rosa Skene, born 8th September, 1826, and died 10th 

September, 1846. 

3. Augusta Maria Skene, born 22nd November, 1827 ; married 

Charles, son of Warren Maude, Esq. 

4. Jemima Margaret Skene, born 3rd March, 1836 ; married 

George Edward, son of Reverend R. Booth. 



60 SKENE OF HALYARDS IN FIFE. 

IV. William Wallace Skene, born 4th February, 1800, died unmarried, 

1st July, 1829. 
V. George Robert Skene, born nth April, 1S02, died unmarried. 
VI. Katherinc Heyden Skene, born 8th April, 1805; married, first, 
Richard Smyth, Esq., by whom she had a daughter, Henrietta, 
who married Canon Walter, and secondly, George Hutton 
Wilkinson, Esq. of Harperley Park, Co. Durham, Recorder of 
Newcastle-on-Tyne. 
VII. Henrietta Skene, born 16th November, 1S06 ; married William 
Trotter, third son of Colonel John Trotter, of Haughton Hall, 
near Darlington, and had by him eight children — 

1. William Dale Trotter, Colonel of the Durham Militia, died 1875. 

2. Henry John Trotter, of Byers Green Hall, Co. Durham, and the 

Temple, London, M.P. for Colchester. 

3. Margaret Jane Trotter, married the Rev. J. E. W. Loft. 

4. Harriet Susannah Trotter marriedRev. W. T. Tyrrwhitt Drake. 

5. Caroline Elizabeth Trotter married Rev. A. Williamson. 

6. Emily Katharine Trotter unmarried. 

7. Charles Vaughan Trotter, captain in the army. 

8. Catherine Francis Trotter married W. J. Walter, Esq. 

"Died at his house in Durham, on the 1 8th instant [January, 1826], 
highly respected, aged seventy-three, Andrew Philip Skene, B.A., of New 
York, Esquire of Hallyards, in Fife, and Kilmacoe, Wicklow, Ireland, 
only son of the late Colonel Philip Wharton Skene of Skcnesborough, 
United States, and of Hackleton, Northamptonshire, governor of Crown 
Point and Ticonderoga, North America. This gentleman was a descen- 
dant of the famous Sir William Wallace, and traces his descent from the 
year 1014, from the first Skene of Skene, according to tradition, a 
younger son of the (Donalds) Lords of the Isles. He also held a military 
commission in the British service above sixty years. His remains were 
interred in the cathedral on the 21st instant, and were borne to his vault, 
according to his request, by eight old soldiers. A few weeks before his 
death he requested the following epitaph to be placed on his tomb :— 
' Terra filius in terram hie reposuit ' " — (Newspaper notice). 

IX. — Andrew Philip Skene, 
his grandson, is now the male representative of the family of Skene. 



SKENE OF PITLOUR. 

I. — David Skene of Pitlour, 

son of John Skene III., of Halyards, by his second wife, Helen Pit- 
cairn, succeeded to the estate of Pitlour, in terms of his father's settlement. 
He married, on 25th July, 1718, Jean Douglas of Strathhenry, by 
whom he had three sons and three daughters — 
I. Robert Skene, who succeeded him. 
II. Philip Skene, who succeeded his brother. 

III. David Skene, a captain in the 28th Regiment ; he died nth May, 

1788, leaving by his wife, Elizabeth Morrison, one son — 
1. David Skene, who succeeded his uncle, Philip. 

IV. Helen Skene married, in 1746, to Colonel George Moncrieff of 

Reddie, by whom she had — 

1. Patrick Moncrieff, who succeeded his father, and had by his wife, 

Emily Raitt, a son — 
1. Patrick George Moncrieff, who eventually succeeded to the 
estate. 

2. George Moncrieff, youngest son. 

3. Jane Moncrieff. 

4. Ann Moncrieff married Dr. John Govan, physician in Cupar. 

5. Margaret Moncrieff. 

6. Catharine Moncrieff married John Hay Balfour, Esq. of Leys and 

Randerston. 

7. Helen Moncrieff married James Cheape of Strathtyrum. 

8. Christian Moncrieff. 

9. Douglas Moncrieff. 
V. Jane Skene. 

VI. Catharine Skene. 



62 SKENE OK HALYARDS IN KIFE. 

David Skene of Pitlour granted a disposition, dated at Pitlour, 29th 
January, 1747, in favour of himself, in liferent, and to Robert Skene, lieu- 
tenant in the Honourable Major-Gcncral Charles Howard's Regiment of 
Foot, his eldest lawful son, his heirs and assignees whomsoever, heritably 
and irredeemably, in fee, of all and whole the lands of Easter Pitlour, 
with the fortalice and manor place of Pitlour (/urn* and in all time here- 
after to be called Halyards), Wester Pitlour, and Auchmorie, lying in 
the barony of Strathmiglo and Sheriffdom of Fife ; Steedmuirlands, in 
the Lordship of Balmcrino and Sheriffdom aforesaid ; Friermilln, lying 
in the barony of Pitgarno ; West Mill of Strathmiglo, and others: but 
always with and under the burden of a liferent annuity of 1000 merks 
Scots, provided by the said David Skene to Jean Douglas, his spouse, 
conform to contract of marriage, dated 25th July, 1718, and that notwith- 
standing Helen Pitcairn, his mother, be alive, and with and under any 
burdens made, or to be made, for behoof of his younger children. 

This disposition was followed by a royal charter of Resignation, dated 
at Edinburgh, 29th February, 1747, on which infeftment was taken on 
17th March, 1747. 

David Skene appears to have died soon after, and was succeeded by 
his eldest son. 

II. — Robert Skene of Pitlour (VI. of Halyards). 

As on 22nd April, 1748, there is a factory by Robert Skene of 
Halyards, lieutenant in the Honourable Major-General Charles Howard's 
Regiment of Foot, in favour of Mrs. Jean Douglas, relict of David Skene 
of Pitlour, his mother. 

On 21st December, 1752, Robert Skene of Pitlour, then a lieutenant- 
general, made a settlement of his estates in favour of himself and the heirs 
of his body ; whom failing, to General Philip Skene and his heirs male. 
He died without issue, and was succeeded by his brother. 

III.— Philip Skene of Pitlour (VII. of Halyards), 17 -1788, 
who, on 14th August, 1752, was infeft, on a charter of resignation, under 
the great seal, in favour of Captain Philip Skene, of the regiment of foot 
commanded by General Philip Anstruther, of Airdrie, in the town and 
lands of Wester Pitlour, in the barony of Strathmiglo, at Edinburgh, 
27th July, 1752. 

He served heir to his brother in 1757. 



SKENE OF HALYARDS IN FIFE. 63 

On 10th August, 1787, he executed a deed of entail of the estate of 
Pitlour, in favour of himself and the heirs of his body ; whom failing, to 
Captain David Skene, of the 28th Regiment of Foot, then Inspector of 
Military Roads in Scotland, his brother-german ; whom failing, to David 
Skene, the said Captain David Skene's son procreat of the marriage 
betwixt him and Mrs. Elizabeth Morrison ; whom failing, to the other 
heirs of the body of the said Captain David Skene ; whom failing, 
to Mrs. Helen Skene, otherwise Moncrieff, relict of Colonel George 
Moncrieff of Reidie ; whom failing, to Patrick Moncreiff, then of Reidie, 
eldest son of the said Mrs. Helen Moncrieff and the heirs of his body; 
whom failing, to Captain George Moncrieff, youngest son of the said 
Mrs. Helen Moncrieff and the heirs of his body ; whom failing, to their 
seven sisters in order, and their heirs ; whom failing, to his own two 
younger sisters. 

General Philip Skene died on 22nd June, 1788, and was succeeded by 
his nephew. 

IV. — David Skene of Pitlour (VIII. of Halyards), 1788-1803, 

son of Captain David Skene, who was served heir to his uncle upon the 
2nd October, 1788, and obtained a crown charter of the lands of Pitlour, 
&c, on 3rd February, 17S9. 

He died unmarried, in Paris, in 1803, upon which event Mrs. Moncrieff 
made up her titles to the estate, and died in 1826, aged 96 years. She 
was succeeded by her grandson, Patrick George Moncrieff, who changed 
his name to 

V— Patrick George Skene of Pitlour (IX. of Halyards), 
and was twice married, 1st, to Emily, second daughter of James Rait of 
Anniston, by whom he had — 

I. Moncrieff Patrick George Skene, who died unmarried in October, 
1868. 
He married, secondly, Jessie, daughter of Dugald John Campbell of 
Skerrington, by whom he had — 

VI.— William Baillie Skene of Pitlour (X. of Halyards), 
married, in 1874, Sarina Charlotte Liddell, daughter of the Very Reverend 
the Dean of Christchurch, Oxford, and has issue. 



SKENE OE PRERAU, IN AUSTRIA. 



1.— Patrick Skene, 

second son of Andrew Skene of Auchorie, " married Jean Forbes, daughter 
of Robert Forbes, sometime of Drumlassic, on whom he begot — 

I. Mr. Andrew Skene, parson of Turriff, who married Jean Coutts, 
daughter to the laird of Auchtertoull. 
II. John Skene, yet unmarried" (MS. A.). 

John Skene appears to have been settled, first, at Bridgend 
of Puttachy, in the parish of Keig, and afterwards at Mill of 
Turriff, and to have married, and had two sons — 

1. Mr. Andrew Skene. 

2. James Skene in Turriff. 

1 1 tli January, 1666 — John Skene of Bridgend of Puttachy, cautioner 

for Mr. Andrew Skene, parson of Turriff, at Turriff, 3rd June, 

1666. 
1666 — Andrew Skene, rector, in Turriff, to William Lumsden of 

Leach, of tenement in Aberdeen. John Skene, witness. 
1667 — Disposition Rice Joans, in Turriff, of a tenement in favour 

of John Skene in Turriff. Andrew Skene, parson of Turriff, 

witness. 
1672 — John Skene at the Mill of Turriff, in favour of William Coutts 

in Caminter. 
1688 — Mr. Andrew Skene, lawful son to John Skene, in Turriff. 
1704 — Andrew Skene, eldest son to John Skene, in Turriff. 
III. "Jean Skene married one John Skene" (MS.A). She seems to 
have married Richard Jones, in Turriff. 
[688 — Alexander Leask, rector, in Turriff. Joanna Skene, relict of 

Richard Jones, in Turriff. 



SKENE OF PRERAU. 65 

Patrick Skene is mentioned, in 1633, as Patrick Skene in Auchorie, 
and probably died not long after. 

II. — Mr. Andrew Skene, 

parson of Turriff, was, in 1665, infeft in the lands of Craigytocher, Over 
and Nether Bridgend, and with right to feal and divot from the lands of 
Fintry and Doorlathers, and any others belonging to late Patrick Forbes 
of Gask. He died in the year 1678. 

A monument was erected to his memory, consisting of a mural tablet, 

still in a good state of preservation, built into the inside wall, on the north 

side of the old parish church of Turriff, with the following inscription : — 

M. S. 

Mr Andreas Skein Vir Candore eximivs 

Verbo et opere PR/EPOTENS 

CATHEDR/E Tvrrifensis decvs exvvias 

mortalitatis prater quas nihil mortale 

habvit posvit in spe 

Anno 1678 Aprilis. 

He appears to have had a son, 

III. — Mr. Robert Skene, 

who had, by his wife, Barbara Douglas, as appears from parish register— 

I. John Skene, born 28th December, 167 1. 

II. Anna Skene, born 9th August, 1673. 
III. William Skene, born 14th June, 1676. 

IV.— John Skene 

occupied successively the farm of Doorlathers, Bogues of Lathers, Bogues 
of Raclach, all adjacent to each other, and in the parish of Turriff. He 
had, as appears from the parish records, the following children : — 
I. John Skene, born in Doorlathers, 29th December, 1707. 

II. James Skene, born in Doorlathers, 1st July, 171 1. 

III. Andrew Skene, born in Doorlathers, nth April, 17 13. 

IV. George Skene, born in Bogues of Lathers, 24th April, 171 5. 
V. Agnes Skene, born in Bogues of Raclach, 13th June, 17 17. 

VI. Isabella Skene, born in Raclach, 24th May, 17 19. 



66 SKENE OF PRERATJ. 

VII. Alexander Skene, born in Bogues of Raclach, 19th March, 1721. 
VIII. Peter Skene, born in Bogues of Lathers, 31st May, 1723. 

John Skene appears, after the birth of Peter, to have removed to 
Mid mar. 

V. — Peter Skene, 

the youngest son, left Midmar to seek his fortune in Holland, where a 
number of Scotchmen had settled as merchants, and became a burgess of 
the town of Vcnloo. 

He married on 31st May, 1 75 1 , Sarah Catharine Landmeter, and is 
described in the marriage register as "Peter Skene from Midmar, in the 
province of Aberdeen." 

He had by her four children — 
I. Henry Skene, born in 1752, died at Venloo without issue. 
II. Alexander Skene, born in 1755. 

III. William Skene, born 10th November, 1757 ; lieutenant in the 

Navy, married Hcnrica Adela Guichcnon dc Chastillon, and had 
by her — 

1. Peter Skene, born 22nd June, 1788 ; married Helena Maria 

Daemcn, and had an only son, Peter Ludwig William Max, 
born 24th June, 1843, officer in the Dutch Army, died 
December, 18S5. 

2. Max Skene, born 20th March, 1791. 

IV. Johanna Skene, born 1761 ; married Francis William Guichenon 

de Chastillon. 
By two resolutions of the General Estates of the Netherlands, on 14th 
January and 8th April, 1755, Peter Skene was appointed a civil officer 
of the High Court of Justice, at Venloo. This office he retained till his 
death. He married, 2ndly, on 11th November, 1786, Elizabeth Passage, 
from Nymmegen. He died on the 24th December, 1787. 

VI. — Alexander Skene 
was made a Doctor of Laws of the University of Duisbourg, 29th Jul)-, 
1778, and Secretary of the Dutch Embassy at Cologne. There he married, 
1st March, 1790, Johanna Jacoba Theodora Hoffman, daughter of 
Geheimerath Hoffman of Prussia, by whom he had an only son, Philip 
William, and two daughters, Louisa Jacoba and Johanna Carolina. 



SKENE OF PREKAU. 6/ 

VII.— Philip William Skene, 
born at Cologne, 13th June, 1790, served in the army of the Netherlands ; 
married at Venders, Belgium, Jeanne Catherine Hauseur, 13th April, 
181 2. He left Venders, after the revolution, in 1830, and went to Briinn, 
the capital of Moravia, in Austria, where he settled with his family, and 
founded there a cloth manufactory. He had five sons — 
)^\ I. William Skene died without issue, in America. 
II. Alfred Skene, born at Verviers, 15th May, 181 5. 

III. Charles Skene died in 1855, leaving issue — 

1. Charles Skene married, and has issue. 

2. Jenny, married to Baron Kurt Gablenz. 

3. Mary married her cousin, Alfred Skene. 

IV. Adolf Skene fell in the battle of St. Lucia in Italy, 1849. 

V. August, born in 1829, knighted 1880, married Auguste von Schoeller, 
Vice-President of the " Banque des pays de l'Autriche," has issue 
four sons and two daughters. 

VIII. — Alfred Skene 
was an officer in the Austrian Imperial Dragoons; married, 1846, Francisca 
de Rosenbaum, daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel de Rosenbaum. He 
left the army, in 1847, to assist his father in the great business he had 
established in Briinn : was 1 864-1 866 Provost of the City of Briinn, 
and 1861-1885 member of the Austrian Reichsrath. He was proprietor 
of the estate and cloth manufactory of Alexavitz and the sugar refinery 
at Prerau, Moravia. He was a man of great energy and consummate 
ability. He attained a position of commanding influence in all matters 
connected with trade and manufactures, was recognised in the Austrian 
Parliament as the great authority in such matters, exercised much 
influence over the administration of the finances of the empire, and left 
a large fortune, entirely gained by honourable enterprise. The editor had 
the privilege of knowing him well at this time, and this account of him 
is consistent with his personal knowledge. He married, a second time, 
Louisa von Blumendorf, died 14th May, 1887, in his 72nd year, and left 
two sons and one daughter — 
I. Alfred Skene. 
II. Louis Skene married, in 1880, Janka, Countess Firmian. 
III. Gabrielle Skene married, 1872, Baron de Widman, Imperial 
Governor of Tyrol, Austria. 



68 



sKENE OF PRERAU. 



IX.— Alfred Skene 

married, in 1873, his cousin, Mary Skene, and is present proprietor of 
Pawlowitz-Prerau, and member of the Landtag of Austria. He is now 
the representative of this branch of the family. 






^/*- 



22 " 




Arms of Mr. Andrew Skene and Jean Coutts his Spouse, from a Stone in 
Turriff Churchyard. 



CHAPTER III. 



SKENE OF DUMBRECK. 

I.— Gil bert Skene in Tillibirloch, 

second son of Alexander Skene XI. of Skene, commonly called "the 
little laird," married Barbara JEorbes, daughter of Robert Forbes of 
Echt, by whom he had three sons and three daughters— 
I. Alexander Skene in Dumbreck. 

II. John Skene, died unmarried, in 1627, when Alexander Skene, in 
Dumbreck, is executor to umquhile John Skene, merchant 
burgess of Aberdeen. 
^ III. Robert Skene, ancestor of the family of Newtyle. 
IV. Margaret Skene married John Burnett. 
V. Elspeth Skene married Andrew Gray. 
VI. Agnes Skene married Thomas Spens. 

John Forbes of Echt, the only son of Robert Forbes of Echt, and 
brother of Barbara, died without issue, in 1609, when the unentailed 
portion of the estate fell to Alexander Skene, consisting of Culquhorsie 
and Dumbreck, and the entailed portion to Robert Forbes of Finnersie, 
the heir male. 

On 2nd January, 1610, there is an inhibition at the instance of John 
Forbes of Finnersie, against Alexander Skene, on contract made at 
Edinburgh on the 19th December, 1609, between the said Robert Forbes 
as only nearest and lawful heir of tailzie, to umquhile John Forbes of 
Echt, on the one part; and Alexander Skene, eldest lawful son of umquhile 
Gilbert Skene of Tillibirloche, procreated between him and umquhile 
Barbara Forbes, his spouse, who was only lawful sister to the said 
umquhile John Forbes of Echt, and so the said Alexander, as only nearest 



/O SKENE 01 DUMBRECK. 

apparent heir of line to the said umquhile John Forbes of Echt, on the 
other part; by which contract the said Alexander, as apparent heir of line 
foresaid, for certain causes therein specified, became bound to have him- 
self duly retoured as nearest heir of line foresaid, and by special provision 
has declared that he has no right nor title to the lands and barony of 
Echt, except the lands of Culquhorsic and Dumbreck, and pertinents 
thereof: and a corresponding inhibition by Alexander Skene against 
Robert Forbes. 

On 27th July, 1610, there is an advocation to the Court of Session of 
an action pursued before the Commissary of Aberdeen, at the instance of 
Alexander Irving, advocate, and others, cautioners and sureties for Robert 
Forbes of Echt, against John and Robert Skene, Margaret Skene and 
John Burnet her spouse, Elspcth Skene and Andrew Gray, her spouse, 
and .Agnes Skene and Thomas Spens, her spouse, decerning them to free 
and relieve the said parties of their cautionary obligation, &c. 

Alexander Skene, the eldest son, was thus the heir of line to his 
uncle in heritage ; his younger brothers and sisters representing him 
in the moveable estate. 

On 24th October, 1610, there is an obligation to Robert Skene, son 
to umquhile Gilbert Skene, of Tillicbirloch, at .Aberdeen, November 1688, 
before which date both Gilbert Skene and his wife were dead. 

11. — Alexander Skene of Dumbreck. 

Prior to his father's death, Alexander Skene had married Elizabeth 
Mercer, relict of John Dcancs, and in his right possessed the Mylne of 
Hall Forest, also called the Mylne of Durno. In 1605 there is a Remov- 
ing, by Elizabeth Merser, relict of John Deane and Alexander Skene, 
at Mylne of Hall of Forest, and her spouse ; and again, on 14th June, 
1606, Removing Elspet Mercer, relict of umquhile John Deanes, and 
now spouse of Alexander Skene, at Mylne of Durno. 

On 27th February, 161 1, there is a special retour — Alexander Skene 
filius legitimus primogenitus quondam Barbare Forbes sororis unice 
germane quondam Johannis Forbes de Echt haeres dicti Johannis Forbes 
de Echt avunculi in terris de Culquhorsic cum outsett vocato Dumbreck 
de Kirkton de Echt, terris de Hillside in Baronia de Clune. 

And on 16th December, 1633, Alexander Skene, in Dumbreck, and 
his spouse, are infeft in the town and lands of Dumbreck. 



SKENE OK DUMBRECK. 



71 



He married 1st, Elizabeth Mercer, by whom he had one son — 
I. Alexander Skene in Cairnday. 
He married 2nd, " Agnes Keith, daughter of Mr. Gilbert Keith of 
Affrosk, on whom he begat — ■ 
II. Robert Skene of Dumbreck, who married Marjorie Mollyson, 
daughter of Thomas Mollyson, town-clerk of Aberdeen, by whom 
he had three daughters — 

1. Isobell Skene married William Tosh. 

2. Janet Skene married William Jobson. 

3. Margaret Skene married John Smyth. 

III. Mr. Gilbert Skene, Minister at Cariston" (MS.A). 

1 6th April, 1656— Obligation Robert Skene in Dumbreck, 
sone lawful to umquhile Alexander Skene of Dumbreck and 
Alexander Skene in Cairnday, his brother. Witness, Gilbert 
Skene, student in the Old College of Aberdeen. 

14th December, 1653 — Obligation Gilbert Skene of Dyce, to 
Mr. Gilbert Skene, sone lawful to umquhile Alexander Skene of 
Dumbreck, 
" and six daughters — 

IV. Janet Skene married Alexander Burnett of Sluie" (MS.A). 

1637 — Contract of marriage between Mr. Andrew Burnett of 

Sluie, son of the minister of Strachan, and Janet Skene, daughter 

of umquhile Alexander Skene of Dumbreck, with consent of 

Anna Keith, her mother. 

V. " Isobel Skene, married to John Keith, Chamberlain to the 

Countess Marischall. 
VI. Elspett Skene married to Andrew Forbes, portioner of Kinellar. 
VII. Jean Skene married William Bruce, Notary Public. 
VIII. Helen Skene married to Alexander Fraser of Corskil. 
IX. Katharine Skene married to one William Forbes " (MS.A). 

III.— Mr. Alexander Skene. 
" The lands of Dumbreck and Culquhorsey, in the parish of Echt, 
continued in the family for several generations, until carried off by the 
Forbeses of Echt, by a comprising" (MS.D). It is in connection with 
this, probably, that we find, in 1638, a decreet of Mr. Alexander Skene, 
eldest son to deceased Alexander Skene of Dumbreck, against Arthur 



-2 SKENE OF DUMBRECK. 

Forbes, now of Echt, son and heir of deceased Robert Forbes of 
Echt, to implement a contract; and on 21st May, 1656, he appears as 
Mr, Alexander Skene in Cairnday ; and again, on 12th April, 1676, there 
is a bond by Mr. Alexander Skene, eldest son to the deceased Alex- 
ander Skene of Dumbreck, now in Cocairdic. 

" He was married to Jean Leslie, daughter of Patrick Leslie of 
Kincraigie, and was father to George Skene that was late minister of 
Kinkell. near Aberdeen " fMS.D). 

IV. — George Skene, Minister of Kinkell. 

lie was twice married, 1st to Mary Gordon, daughter of Francis 
Gordon of Craig, by whom he had — 
I. Francis Skene. 
He married, secondly, Margaret Skene, daughter of Mr. Robert 
Skene, Rector of the Grammar School of Aberdeen, by whom he had — 
II. Agnes Skene, married to Mr. John Burnett, minister at Cluny. 

III. Mary Skene. 

IV. Katharine Skene. 
V. Helen Skene. 

VI. John Skene, Librarian of Marischal College and University, 
1736-1750. 
There is a monument in the old church of Kinkell, bearing the 
following inscription : — 

Jacet hic Sepvlta Dna: 

Maria Gordon Mri: Geo: 

Skene pastoris vxor 

Qu/E obiit Aug. i 1712 /Etatis 32 

Mr. George Skene, himself, died in April, 1724 ; and, on 12th August, 

1724, the inventory of the goods, &c, of the deceased Mr. George Skene, 

minister at Kinkell, was given up by Margaret Skene, his relict, and 

confirmed to Francis, John, Mary, Katharine, and Helen Skene, his 

children, and Mr. John Burnett, minister at Cluny, husband to Agnes. 

V. — Mr. Francis Skene 
was admitted, 16th March, 1734, one of the regents in Marischal College; 
and on the classes being fixed in 1753, became Professor of Civil and 
Natural History. He taught altogether for 41 years. 



SKENE OF DUMBRECK. 73 

In 1724 he served heir to George Skene, his father, minister of 
Kinkell. 

He married, 15th May, 1740, Mary Reid of Mounie, by whom he had: 
I. George Skene, born 14th April, 1741. 
II. William Skene, born 19th November, 1743 ; died 13th Nov., 1769. 

III. John Skene, born 2nd August, 1744. 

IV. James Skene, born 25th August, 1746; took degree of M.D. in. 

1766, and settled in Charlestown, Carolina. 
Mr. Francis Skene died on 13th February, 1775, aged 71 ; and his wife 
on 31st March, 1781, aged 60. 

VI.— Dr. George Skene, 

M.D., 1755, was a Physician in Aberdeen, and on 8th October, 1760, at 
the age of nineteen, was elected Professor of Natural Philosophy in 
Marischal College. On his father's death he was transferred to the Chair 
of Civil and Natural History, which he held until compelled by his 
increasing medical practice to resign in 1788. "He was a genuine 
scholar, of good ability, great shrewdness and sense, and witty" 
(Knight's Mar. Coll. Collections). 

He married, on 26th October, 1769, Margaret, daughter of Charles 
Gordon of Abergeldie, and had by her the following children : — 

I. John Skene, born 23rd August, 1770, died young. 
II. Francis Skene, born 22nd November, 1771, died young. 

III. Emilia Skene, born 30th May, 1773 ; married, 4th October, 1794, 

Captain Edmund Filmer, by whom she had Sir Edm. Filmer, Bart. 

IV. Mary Skene, born 20th January, 1775, died 2nd September, 1795. 

V. Charles Skene, born 21st July, 1777, who carried on the line of 

this family. 
VI. Mary Anne Skene, born 25th February, 1779, died 13th April, 1863. 
VII. Elizabeth Skene, born 9th October, 1780, died 27th February, 1839. 
VIII. Margaret Skene, born 23rd August, 1782, married Arthur Ander- 
son of Deebank, and died 25th April, 1821. 
IX. Andrew Skene, born 26th February, 1784, M.A., of Marischal 
College in 1802, passed advocate, distinguished himself at the 
bar, and became Solicitor-General for Scotland. He died at 
Edinburgh, 2nd April, 1835. 



74 SKENE OF DUMBRECK. 

X. William Skene, born 26th February, 1784, was a Colonel in the East 

India Company's Service ; married Miss Campbell of Lochnell, 

and died without issue in 1854. 

XI. Alison Skene, born 9th November, 1786, died in England in 1839. 

Dr. George Skene died, after a short and acute illness, on 25th March, 

1803, aged 61; and his wife on 16th January, 1802, aged 51. 

VII.— Dr. Charles Skene, 

M.A., 1795, M.D. (Edinb), 1799, was a distinguished Physician in Aber- 
deen, and also 1 823-1839, Professor of Medicine in Marischal College. 
He married, on 18th June, 1808, Margaret Ann Anderson, daughter of 
Anderson, Esquire of Linkwood, Elgin, by whom he had the 
following children : — 

I. Mary Skene, born 25th May, 1809, died 22nd May, 1882. 
11. George Skene, born 8th May, 181 1, was an Ensign in the East India 
Company's Service ; died at Bechampore, India, 4th June, 183:. 

III. Charles Skene, born 9th October, 1812, M.A. of Marischal College 

in 1830, captain in 79th Regiment Cameron Highlanders, and y 
afterwards Superintendent of Indians, Canada. 

IV. Andrew Skene, born 22nd April, 1814, assistant-surgeon in the 

52nd Regiment ; died at Brecon, in Wales, 23rd January, 1846. 
V. Margaret Skene, born 23rd June, 181 5, died 9th November, 18 18. 
VI. Alexander Skene, born loth February, 1816, was captain in the 
East India Company's Service, married, in India, Beatrice 
Marjory Herschel Cumbcrlege, daughter of Colonel Cumbcrlege 
of the Madras Cavalry; both were killed in the Indian Mutiny, 
on 8th June, 1S57, with their two children — 

1. Mary Isabella Frances Skene, born 29th July, 1854. 

2. Beatrice Harriet Annie Skene, born nth December, 1855. 

VII. Harriet Skene, born 26th August, 1818, died 16th October, 1866. 

VIII. William Skene, born 14th November, 1819, died on 30th of 

same month. 
Dr. Charles Skene died on nth June, 1844, aged 66 ; and his wife on 
19th November, 1819, aged 31. 

VIII.— Captain Charles Skene 

now represents this family. 



SKENE OE NEWTYLE. 

I.— Robert Skene, 

third son of Gilbert Skene of Tilliebirloch, by his wife Elspett Forbes, 
appears first at Milne of Commeris, one of the Tanistry lands adjoining 
Tilliebirloch, and afterwards at Slydie of Erdifork, in the neighbouring 
parish of Midmar. In 1589 he married Janet Forbes, and had two 
sons — 

I. Robert Skene. 

29th June, 1589 — Robert Skene and Jonat Forbes mariet. 
In 24th October, 1610, there is an obligation to Robert 
Skene, son to umquhile Gilbert Skene of Tilliebirloch, at 
Aberdeen, November, 1608. 

On 15th November, 161 5, there is an obligation by George 
Williamson, burgess of Aberdeen, to Robert Skene at the Mylne 
of Commeris, in name and behalf of Robert Skene, his eldest son. 
II. Alexander Skene, at Mylne of Commeris. 

On 16th June, 1616, there is an obligation to Alexander 

Skene, son to Robert Skene, at the Mylne of Commeris, for 

money lent at Kirkton of Echt. 

Before 1620 Robert Skene had left Commeris, as on 16th June in that 

year, Alexander Skene, son of Robert Skene, " olim in Comeris," is 

procurator for Alexander Skene of Skene. He died in 1625. 

sy II.— Robert Skene. 

On 21st September, 161 5, Sir James Skene of Curriehill, Alexander 
Skene of that ilk, and Mr. Andrew Skene, senior, their cousin, of Chapel- 
ton, were admitted burgesses of Aberdeen, " gratis gratia concilii ; " and, 
at the request of Sir James Skene of Curriehill, " Robert Skeyne, 



76 SKENE OF NEWTYLE. 

paynter and glasinwricht," was admitted freeman, and " Robertus Skeyne 
filius ..." was admitted burgess of Aberdeen " gratis absque solutione 
ullius compositionis et hoc gratia ex rogatu honorabilis viri Domini 
Jacobi Skeyne de Curriehill." This last was the above Robert, as he is 
called younger, burgess of Aberdeen. Thus, on 25th March, 1630, there 
,, is a decreet Robert Skene, younger, burgess of Aberdeen, eldest son to 
V. the deceased Robert Skene in Slydie, of Krdifork, against W. Gordon of 
Abergeldie, on a bond to the deceased Robert Skene, dated 29th May, 
1618, and again in a similar decreet, on 19th July, 1634, and again on 
22nd July, 1642. 

He married, in 1618, Marjorie Forbes ; and, on 1st April, 1629, there 
is a sasine in favour of Robert Skene, merchant burgess, and Marjoria 
Forbes, of a house " in vico lemurum ex occidentali parte." 

He seems to have been a prosperous man, as on 17th September, 
1628, he mortifies 100 merks for decayed gild brethren, and, in 1631, 
threescore six pounds thirteen shillings iiijd. for the maintenance of one 
of the ministers of the burgh, to serve the cure at the Kirk of Futtie ; 
and by his last will he left 1000 merks to the Box of the Gild Brethren 
of Aberdeen. 

In 1633 he was treasurer of the burgh. He had by his wife, Marjorie 
Forbes, the following children : — 

I. Christian Skene, born 20th September, 1619. 
[I. Alexander Skene, born 27th October, 1621. 

III. William Skene, born 8th May, 1624. 

IV. Marjory Skene, born 8th September, 1628. 
V. James Skene, born 14th February, 163 1. 

He died in 1643, and a flat monument, in St. Nicholas Churchyard, 
bears the following inscription : — 

HEIR LYES VNDER THE HOIP 
OF A BUSSED RESVRECTION ROBERT SKENE MER 

CHAND BVRGES OF ABD 

WHO DEPAIRTED THIS LYFE THE 14 OF NO 1643 

ALSO MARIORIE FORBES HIS SP 

OVS WHO DEPAIRTED THE IO OF 

SEPT 1650 

AS ALSO IAMES SKENE WHO DEPARTED 

THE 8 DAY OF AUGUST 1 694 AND OF 

AGE 63 YEARS 



SKENE OF NEWTVLE. JJ 

with a shield, bearing the arms of Skene of Skene, differenced, and impaled 
with those of Forbes of Tolquhon, and the letters R. S. ; M. F. 



III.— Mr. Alexander Skene of Newtyle. 

On 15th January, 1625, Alexander Skene, eldest son of Robert 
Skene, burgess of Aberdeen, is admitted burgess "jure paternitatis et 
dispens. cum jure jurando quia pupillus est et infra setatem " ; and, on 
20th June, 1648, he served heir to his father, Robert Skene, and is infeft 
in the tenement " in vico lemurum." 

On 26th August, 1646, he was married at Kirkaldie to Lilias Gillespie, 
daughter of Mr. John Gillespie, minister of Kirkaldie who died soon after. 

In 1656 we find him one of the magistrates of Aberdeen ; and in 
1657 he acquired, from Sir Alexander Forbes of Foveran, the lands of 
Newtyle, in the Parish of Foveran. 

In 1669 "Alexander Skene, a magistrate in Aberdeen, his wife Lilian 
became a quaker, also Alexander Skene himself. He narrates of him- 
self that having once before his conversion to quakerism bitterly reviled 
the quakers, he became seized with the complaint called Cynicus 
Spasmus, by which his mouth continually turned about, which lasted 
sometime" (MS.E). In 1677 he published a pamphlet with the title 
" The Way Cast up," and on the 5th of the fifth month, 1679, he wrote 
an address to the Presbyterians, entitled " A^Plain and Peaceable Advice 
to those called Presbyterians in Scotland," by Alexr. Skene (London, 1681). 

His other literary works, including MS.A., are noticed in the 
Introduction. 

The arms of "Mr. Alexander Skene of Newtyle" are thus recorded 
in the Lyon Register? " Parted per chief azur and gules three skenes 
argent hefted and pomelled or, surmounted of as many woolf-heads 
couped of the third." Crest : " A dexter hand holding a corona triumph- 
alis." Motto : " Sors mihi grata cadet." 

By his wife, Lilias Gillespie, who died in 1697, he had the following 
children : — 

I. Robert Skene, born 29th October, 1647 ; died young. 
' II. John Skene. 
III. Lilias Skene, baptised 31st August, 1651. 



78 SKENE OF NEWTVLE. 

IV. Alexander Skene, baptised 6th September, 1653 ; died young. 
V. Cristen Skene, baptised 1st October, 1654 ; married, in 1673, 

Andrew Jaffray of Kingswells. 
VI. Rachel Skene, baptised nth December, 1656; died in 1661. 
VII. Patrick Skene, baptised 27th June, 1659. 
VIII. Anna Skene, baptised 1st June, 1661. 
IX. Jean Skene, baptised iSth March, 1662. 
X. Elizabeth Skene, baptised 30th May, 1669. 

In 1680 he sold the estate of Newtyle, reserving certain liferents, and 
in 1681 there is a Ratification to William Gordon, under the reservations 
conceived in favour of Mr. Alexander Skene, late of Newtyle, and Lilias 
Gillespie, his spouse, and after their decease to Alexander Udnie of that 
ilk and his heirs, of the town and lands of Newtyle ; also of a croft, lately 
occupied by John Skene, son to the said Mr. Alexander Skene ; all 
conform to the rights and dispositions made to the said Alexander 
\ Forbes and Alexander Skene, by the deceased Sir John Turing of 
Foveran, reserving to Alexander Skene and his wife, liferent of part of 
the lands, and of the Manor House of Newtyle, conform to contract of 
alienation, dated 1680, between the said Mr. Alexander Skene and Lilias 
Gillespie, and the said John Skene and Helen Fullerton, his spouse, on 
the one part, and William Gordon and Agnes Blackburn, his wife, on 
the other. 

IV.— John Skene. 

In 1659 John Skene, eldest lawful son to Mr. Alexander Skene, 
Baillie, is admitted a burgess of Aberdeen. " He was also a quaker, and 
became governor of New Jersey, in America, and died in 1687. He 
married Helen Fullerton, and a daughter of John Skene, son to Baillie 
Skene, in Aberdeen, laird of Newtyle, was married, anno 1699 or 1700, 
to Obadiah Haig, who died on his journey to Jersey" (MS.E). 



V— James Skene, 

younger son of Robert Skene and Marjorie Forbes. 

Like his brother, Alexander, he was admitted a burgess when under 
age, as on iSth September, 1635, when only four years old, "Jacobus 



SKENE OF NEWTYLE. 79 

Skeyne, filius legitimus Roberti Skeyne mercatoris burgen. de Aberdeen 
recept. et admiss. in liberum burgensem et fratrem gildae jure paternitatis 
et dispens. cum jure jurando quia pupillus est et infra aetatem." 

In the "Account of Learned Men and Writers in Aberdeen," after a 
short notice of Baillie Alexander Skene, there is the following notice of 
him — " His brother, James Skeen, was ane excellent Poet in the Scottish 
language. He wrote the Decalogue, the Lord's Prayer, and the Creed, 
in metre, printed by John Forbes, Aberdeen." 

In the Diary of Alexander Jaffray of Kingswells, he mentions that 
there were two James Skenes, in /Aberdeen, who were enemies of the 
quakers, and who were known as White James and Black James. 

This James Skene was White James. 

In 1666 we find him occupying the position of Lyon Depute. 

He married Jean Hay, and had by her the following children : — 

I. Robert Skene, baptised 23rd March, 1654. On 20th Sept., 1659, 
Robert Skene, eldest son of James Skene, burgess of Aberdeen, 
admitted in nonage and minoritie. He died on 19th October, 
1660. 

II. James Skene, baptised 2nd September, 1656; died 23rd May, 
1669. 

III. Lilias Skene, baptised 27th Sept., 1657; died 3rd November, 

1660. 

IV. John Skene, baptised 31st Oct., 1658. One of a series of silver 

archery medals preserved in the Grammar School, Aberdeen, 
bears on the obverse the arms (with a crescent for difference) 
crest, and motto of Skene of Newtyle ; and on the reverse the 
inscription " Ioannes Skeene octavo vicit, 1674. Virtvs vera svis 
marte vel arte favet." Another shows the arms of Skene of 
Skene with a fourth skene fessways in base and a crescent for 
difference ; the reverse being inscribed " Andreas Skeene quarto 
vicit 1667." This Andrew may have been one of the Ruthrieston 
Skenes. 
V. Alexander Skene, baptised 12th February, 1660; died 20th 

March, 1661. 
VI. Jeane Skene, baptised 10th April, 1661. 
VII. William Skene, baptised 26th June, 1662. 



80 SKENE OF NEWTYLE. 

VIII. Robert Skene, baptised 16th Nov., 1663. 
IX. Andrew Skene, baptised 21st Feb., 1665. 
X. George Skene, baptised 28th October, 1666. 
XI. Anna Skene, baptised 28th June, 1668. 
XII. Charles Skene, baptised 15th August, 1669. 
XIII. Christian Skene, baptised 20th October, 1670. 

His death is recorded on the tombstone — Also James, died 1694, 
aged 63. 

VI.— William Skene, 

his eldest surviving son. On 27th Sept., 1686, there is a sasine on a dis- 
position by James Skene, merchant, in Aberdeen, in favour of William 
Skene, his eldest lawful son, of some woods, crofts, and parcels of burrow 
land at Newburgh, Sheriffdom of Aberdeen. Disposition dated at 
Ncwtyle, 6th August, 1686. 

lie was a writer in Edinburgh, and was made a macer of the Court 
of Session on 5th August, 1685. He married, in 16S8, Christian Burd, 
daughter of Captain Edward Burd of Foord, by whom he had two 
sons : — 

I. Edward Skene, who died in infancy in 1690. 

II. Arthur Skene, who died in 1700. 

On 29th December, 1730, Isobcll Skene served heir in general to 
William Skene, her brother, macer in the Court of Session, son " quond. 
Jacobi Skene mcrcatoris in Abcrdcn." 



VII. — Mr. Robert Skene, 

eighth child of James Skene, was minister of the Gospel. He had a son, 
John, who was Kintyre pursuivant, and predeceased him in the month of 
November, 1706. His will was confirmed on 22nd February, 1711, of 
the deceased John Skene, Kintyre pursuivant, and eldest lawful son to 
Mr. Robert Skene, minister of the Gospel, residing in Edinburgh, who is 
cautioner for his executor. 



SKENE OF NEWTYLE. 8 1 

"On 23rd June, 1721, Mr. Robert Skene, minister of the Gospel, 
died 22nd and buried 23rd, foot of Halyeard's ground ; and on 23rd Sept., 
in the same year, Anna Skene, daughter to umquhile Mr. Skeen, minister, 
died 22nd and buried 23rd, east Halyeard's ground " (Edin. Session 
Records). 

- 



' I I 



a. 



■aFrCr^ 



mm 



~ 







K 



Arms of Robert Skene and Marjory Forbes his Spouse, from a Stone 
St. Nicholas Churchyard, Aberdeen. 



CHAPTER IV 



SKENE OF D Y C E. 

I.— Mr. Patrick Skene, 

fourth son to Alexander Skene XI. of Skene, commonly called the " little 
laird," by Elizabeth Forbes, his wife. Married on 30th May, 1591, 
Elspett Mercer, daughter of Laurence Mercer, burgess of Aberdeen ; 
and, on 10th September, 1592, is admitted a burgess of Aberdeen. 

On 22nd May, 1594, there is a sasine by which " Providus vir 
Wilelmus Jak, burgen. de Aberdeen," grants " totam et integram terrain 
suam antcriorem australem superius de prescnti occupat. per magistrum 
Patricium Skene burgen. dicti burgi, vizt, aulam Cubiculum ly forgalric 
cum solio et ly shop & jaccn. in vico furcarum ad dandam sasinam 
prefato Magistro Patricio Skene et Elizabethe Merser ejus sponse." 
He had by Elspett Merser the following children : — 
I. Alexander Skene, who succeeded him. 

II. Laurence Skene. 20th September, 1619, Laurentius Skene filius 
legitimus secundo genitus magistri Patricii Skene burgess of 
Aberdeen, admitted jure paternitatis. In August, 1629, we find 
Laurence Skene as servitor to Mr. Alexander Skene, writer, 
who was brother to Sir John Skene of Curriehill, receiving a 
gift of the Escheat, which pertenit of before to Thomas Smyth 
in Bandache ; and again, on 13th June, 1630, as servitor to 
Mr. Alexander Skene, writer, of the Escheat which pertenit 
to Patrick Leyth of Lickliehead. 
III. Gilbert Skene, who carried on the line of this family. 



SKENE OF DYCE. 83 

IV. John Skene. He became servitor to the Earl Marischal ; and, 
on 29th September, 1629, Joannes Skene, servus comitis Marcs- 
calli, is admitted a burgess of Aberdeen. 

He is said by Mr. Alexander Skene to have " married, but 
had no children," but this is a mistake. He married Helen Durie, 
daughter of a burgess of Dunfermline ; and, in 29th March, 1639, 
there is a decreet, John Skene, brother-german to Gilbert Skene 
of Dyce, and Helen Durie, his spouse, against George Duric, 
burgess of Dunfermline. 

He appears, in 1666, as musician burgess of Dunfermline, 
and had a daughter, Anna Skene, married to Xinian Robertson, 
Baillie of Kyngarne. 
V. Bessie Skene "married 1st, Thomas Forbes, called ' Dobrie,' a 
Polis word signifying good, to whom she bare a son and two 
daughters. Her son's name was Robert Forbes of Rubislaw, 
present provost of Aberdeen " (MS. A). " After Thomas Forbes's 
death, Bessie Skene, daughter to Mr. Patrick Skene, married 
George Johnstone of Cairnie, Baillie of Aberdeen, to whom she 
bare two sons and two daughters" (MS.A). 
VI. Margaret Skene " married Mr. Black, burgess of Aberdeen, and 
thereafter to Alexander Burnett of Shedockslie " (MS.A). In 
the Burgh Propinquity Book it is declared, on 5th July, 1658, that 
" Margaret Skene, spouse of William Black, burgess of Aberdeen, 
was second lawful daughter of Mr. Patrick Skene, burgess of 
Aberdeen, who was fourth lawful son to Alexander Skene of 
that ilk, procreat betwixt the said Mr. Patrick and Elspet Merser, 
his spouse, who was lawful daughter to Laurence Mercer, burgess 
of Aberdeen. Gilbert Skene of Dyce, witness." 
VII. Isobell Skene " married Andrew Knows of Pittside" (MS.A). 
VIII. Agnes Skene " married James Innes of Tilleburies " (MS.A.) 

Mr. Patrick Skene died in 1635, and, on 31st August, was "buried 
in the auld kirk." 

II.— Mr. Alexander Skene. 

On 15th May, 1638, Mr. Alexander Skene served heir to Mr. Patrick 
Skene, burgess of Aberdeen, his father, but lived only three years after, 
as on 2nd September, 1641, " Mr. Alexander Skene was buried." 



84 SKENE OF DVCE. 

Laurence Skene, the second son, appears to have predeceased hir 
and the line of the family was carried on by Gilbert, the third son. 



III. — Gilbert Skene of Dyce 

was a burgess of Aberdeen, and married, in 1628, Marjorie Buchan, 
daughter of William Buchan of Auchmacoy, who succeeded to one half 
of the lands of Dyce. 

On 8th December, 1628, Gilbert Skene, burgess of Aberdeen, is 
infeft in the just and equal half of the barony of Dyce, and also in the 
Kirkton of Dyce, and on 6th January, 1629, in the half town and lands 
of Pitmedden. 

By Marjorie Buchan he had the following children : — 

I. Alexander Skene, born 1st April, 1630. 
II. Gilbert Skene. 

III. Mr. Patrick Skene, writer, in Edinburgh. 

IV. Margaret Skene "married Mr. William Moir, Doctor of Physick " 

(MS.A). She appears to have married secondly to Gordon of 
Gordon's Mills, as in the Burgh Propinquity Book, on 24th July, 
1695, "Proved by Alexander Skene of Dyce, &c, that Gilbert 
Gordon of Gordonsmill's mother was Margaret Skene, lawful 
daughter of the deceased Gilbert Skene of Dyce, procreat 
betwixt him and Margary Buchan, daughter of William Buchan 
of Auchmacoy." 
He married secondly Barbara Forbes, daughter to William Forbes of 
Cotton, by whom he had — 

V. Mr. William Skene, Schoolmaster at Haddington, afterwards one 
of the Masters of the High School of Edinburgh, who married 
Helen Pitcairn, and died in November, 1717. 

The Testament testamentar and Inventory of the Goods, &c, 
of the deceased Mr. William Skene, Master of the High School 
of Edinburgh, who died in the month of November, 1717, was 
given up by himself upon the tenth of September same year, 
in so far as regards the nomination of his only Executor; and by 
Mr. Wm. Forbes, advocate, professor of law in the University of 
Glasgow, his cousin, whom he nominates his only Executor, in so 
far as concerns the Inventory. In his Will, dated at Edinburgh 



SKENE OF DYCE. 85 

20th Sept., 17 17, he leaves a legacy to John Skene of Dyce, his 
nephew. 
Gilbert Skene of Dyce died in March, 1665, and was succeeded by 
his son. 

IV. — Alexander Skene of Dyce — 1665-1704. 

He married, in November, 1652, Ann Johnston, daughter of Dr. 
William Johnston of Caskieben; and, on 24th April, 1655, there is a 
sasine Alexander Skene, younger, of Dyce, and Ann Johnston, his 
spouse, of the half of the lands of Beildeston. 

He seems to have quarrelled with the Forbeses of Rubislaw, his 
relations, as in 1665 William Forbes of Cothellmill becomes surety for 
Alexander Skene of Dyce, Gilbert, and Mr. Patrick Skene, his brothers- 
german, that Robert Forbes of Rubislaw, Thomas, his son, and others, 
shall be harmless kept. 

In 1672 Alexander Skene of Dyce, and Gilbert Skene, his brother, 
sell the feu-right of the lands of Pitmedden. 

The arms of "Alexander Skene of Dyce, lineallie and lawfullie 
descended of the familie of Skene of that Ilk," are thus given in the 
Lyon Register : " Gules three Skenes argent pomelled and surmounted 
of alse many woolfs heads couped or, within a bordur ingrailled of the 
second." Crest : " A Garb proper." Motto : " Assiduitate." 

There has been preserved an old Bible, printed in 1559, which 
belonged to the Dyce family, in which Ann Johnston, the wife of 
Alexander Skene of Dyce, records the family history, continued by nel- 
son, John. Her record is as follows : — 

" 10th April, 1630, my husband, Dyce, was born. 

2nd March, 1636, I was born. 

1 ith month, 1652, we were married. 

In 1664 we had 7 houses burnt, with their furniture. 

3rd month, 1665, my husband's father died. 

nth month, 1673, my mother died. 

1 2th month, 1654, Barbara Skene was born. 

7th month, 1660, John Skene was born. 

10th month, 1662, Alexander Skene was born. 

nth month, 1663, Andrew Skene was born. 

5th month, 1665, Margaret Skene was born. 



86 SKENE OF DYCE. 

6th month, 1668, Ann Skene was born. 

9th month, 1669, William Skene was born. 

nth month, 1670, Gilbert Skene was born. 

5th month, 1674, Patrick Skene was born. 

7th month, 1677, Robert Skene was born." 

His eldest son, John, thus continues the record — 

" 15th of nth month, 1688, my mother died. 

Barbara Skene married to Forbes of Achortes in her 21st year of 
age. 

Andrew was 1 5 years and one month old when he chose his own 
employment. 

William was 17 years and two months when he went to Edinburgh. 
He died 1690. 

Gilbert was seventeen years old when he went to Ireland. 

4th of 1st month, 1704, my father died. 

29th October, 1709, my sister, Barbara, died. 

Robert was 15 years old when he went to his apprenticeship, 1693. 

Andrew was married 1687. 

Patrick Skene went to Dantzick last day of 1st month, 1689." 

On 20th October, 1741, the Testament Dative and Inventory of the 
Goods, &c, of the deceased Robert Skene, late of Maryland, who died 
abroad upon the day of , 1736, is given up by Patrick 

Skene, sometime postmaster of Zamosky, kingdom of Poland, now 
residing in Aberdeen, brother-german to the said deceased Robert 
Skene, only Executor Dative decerned as nearest of kin to him by 
Decreet of the Commissaries of Edinburgh, 27th July, 1701. Among 
the debts given up is the balance of the fifth part, or share of the 
executry of the deceased John Skene of Dyce, his brother-german. 

Alexander Skene of Dyce, who died on 4th January, 1704, was 
succeeded by his eldest son. 

V. — John Skene of Dyce — 1704-1729 

served heir to his father on 28th July, 1704 ; and, on 12th January, 1705, 
there is a charter of resignation Joannis Skene de Dyce ville et terrarum 
de Kirkton de Dyce, &c. 

He thus continues the record in the old Bible: — 



SKENE OF DYCE. 87 

it to Lisbon 1 5th July, 1680, entered prentice to Robert Farquhar, 

and burgess in that city, where I served him and his heirs ten 

i afterwards I served my cousin-german, Gilbert Moir. I was 

20th January, 1709, with Margaret Farquhar, daughter to my 

naster, Robert Farquhar, and his spouse, Anna Marianna 

relict of Alexander Summer, merchant, and collector of the 

mh SJ .^venues in Wilker, with whom she had three children — two are 

alive. Alexander, the youngest, and Anna Catherine, the eldest, and 

Lord grant them grace that they may serve thee always. I lived in 

Radinegria. 

Anno 1710 my wife was delivered of a son, John ; Godfathers, Gilbert 
Moir and John Farquhar; Godmothers, Anna Marianna Farquhar and 
Elizabeth Morison. 

2nd May, 171 1, had a daughter, Anna; Godfathers, Arthur Forbes 
and VVm. Caw ; Godmothers, Eliza Achum, S. Middleton. 
Another daughter, Margaret, born 1712. 

My son, John, died 1714. Margaret died 9th October, 1719. Alex- 
ander Summer, my stepson, of the king's footguards, died 1729." 

John Skene himself died in the same year, and was succeeded by his 
brother. 



VI.— Andrew Skene of Dvce— 1729- 1732. 

He was a merchant in Edinburgh, and in 1689 married Marion 
Russell, only daughter of John Russell, citizen of London, in which year 
there is a charter, by the provost and baillies of Edinburgh, to her as heir 
served and retoured to the late John Russell, her father, and to Andrew 
Skene, her husband, of portion of the land of Nethrogall, in Monimail. 
By her he had a son — 

I. Alexander Skene (baptised 17th June, 1694; Mr. William Skene, 

master of the High School, is a witness), and a daughter — 
II. Mary Skene, second wife of Robert Cumming of Birness, by whom 
she had two daughters — 

1. Barbara married Dr. James Gordon of Straloch, or Birness, 

ancestor of General John Gordon Cumming of Pitlurg, and 

2. Another daughter married James Gordon of Banchory, ancestor 

of James Gordon of Craig. 



88 SKENE OF DYCE. 

He acquired various lands in the parishes of Old and New Machar, 
Aberdeenshire. 

On 26th July, 17 1 2, there is charter of sale — Andree Skene merca- 
toris Edinburgensis de terris de Clubsgovill. 

On 24th May, 1714, there is a sasine of Andrew Skene of Parkhill, 
in the lands of Clubsgovill Manor place thereof, Parkhill and fishings 
thereof, in Old and New Machar. 

On 1 2th February, 1729, there is a charter of resignation and sale — 
Andree Skene de Lethinty et Alexandri Skene filius ejus unici legitimi 
natu Ville de Lethintye — and in the same year he serves heir to John 
Skene of Dyce, his brother, in the lands of Dyce, and is confirmed as 
his Executor Dative. 

He died on 27th December, 1732, and was succeeded by his only son. 



VII.— Alexander Skene of Dyce— 1732-1743. 

On 28th February, 1733, Alexander Skene of Parkhill gave up an 
inventory of the goods, &c, of the deceased Andrew Skene of Lethintie, 
as his only son and sole Executor. 

His last will was dated on 27th June, 1731, by which he left the estate 
of Lethintie to Andrew Skene, second son to the said Alexander. 

In 1 741, there is a discharge by Margaret Forbes, spouse of Alexander 
Skene, formerly of Parkhill, now of Dyce, of the sum, in a bond, to 
Andrew Skene of Lethintie, his father. 

By his wife, Margaret Forbes, he had two sons — 
I. John Skene, who succeeded him. 

II. Andrew Skene, who succeeded his brother. 



VIII.— John Skene of Dyce— 1743-1747 

served heir in 1743 to Alexander Skene of Dyce, his father. 

He had a natural daughter, Margaret Skene, who married William 
Smith, and had three sons — 

I. Andrew Smith, afterwards Skene of Lethintie. 
II. John Smith, a captain in the navy. 
III. Adam Smith, advocate, in Aberdeen, and two daughters. 



SKENE OF DYCE. 89 



IX. — Andrew Skene of Dyce — 1747-1815. 

In terms of his grandfather's will, he succeeded, after his father's 
death, to the estate of Lethintie, and on 12th February, 1745, there is 
a charter of resignation — Andrea; Skene filii lcgitimi natu secundi 
demortui Alexandri Skene de Dyce vill. et terr. de Lethintie. 

On 20th February, 1747, the inventory of the goods, &c, of the 
deceased John Skene of Dyce, is given up by Andrew Skene of Lethentie, 
now of Dyce, his only brother, with concurrence of Margaret Forbes, 
Lady Dyce, his mother. 

He died in January, 181 5, at the age of 82, and thus terminated the 
family of Skene of Dyce in the male line. 

Andrew Skene, the last laird of Dyce, settled the succession to his 
estates by two deeds of entail, dated 19th Feb., 1794. By the first he 
settled the estates of Dyce, Parkhill, and others upon a series of heirs, 
the institute being John Gordon Cumming of Pitlurg, and among the 
substitutes, the Skenes of Skene, Dr. George Skene, physician in 
Aberdeen, and the Skenes of Rubislaw. By the second deed of entail 
he settled the barony of Lethentie and others upon a series of heirs, the 
institutes being Margaret Skene, relict of William Smith, and the heirs 
male of her body, and among the substitutes, Dr. George Skene, physician 
in Aberdeen, Captain James Skene, uncle to the laird of Skene, and 
James Skene of Rubislaw. 

Under the first deed General Gordon Cumming of Pitlurg succeeded 
to the estates of Dyce and Parkhill, and assumed the name of Skene, 
quartering the differenced arms of Skene of Dyce. 

Under the second Andrew Smith, eldest son of Margaret Skene or 
Smith, succeeded to the estate of Lethentie, and changed his name to 
Skene. 



CHAPTER V. 



SKENE OF WESTERCORSE AND RAMORE. 



I. — James Skene in Bandodle, 

second son of Alexander Skene IX., of Skene " by Lord Forbes' daughter." 
He was a Notary Public, and the first of the sons of the family who 
bore the designation of "in Bandodle," the Tanistry lands having been 
acquired by his father. 

In 1538 he appears as uncle and curator to Alexander Skene of that 
ilk, his nephew, and in 1543 witnesses two charters as Notary Public. 
In the same year James Skene in Bandodle is infeft in the Sunny third 
of the lands of Blackhall. 

He married Janet Lumsdcn, daughter of Lumsden of Cushney; and, 
on 20th May, 1 546, there is crown charter of confirmation " Jacobo Skeyne 
in Bandodill ct Jonete Lumsdein eius coniuge super cartam illis 
factam per Andream Fraser de Staneywood 13 Maij 1546 de toto et 
intcgro annuali feodo seu feudifirma Triginta quinque Mercarum sex 
solidarum et octo denariorum monete Scotie dicto Andreae heredibus 
suis et assignatis annuatim solvend. nomine feudifirme de totis et 
integris terris de Westcrcorse et Norham in parochia de Coule per 
honorabilem virum Willelmum Hurry de Pitfcchie nccnon superioritate 
diet, terrarum." 

The author of MS.B gives the following account of his family : — 

" But to return to Skene, he purchased the lands of 

Ramore, and married Burnett, daughter to Leyes. His name 

was Mr. James, who begot six sons on her, whereof one was Sir John 
Skene, first, Lord-Advocate, and thereafter, when he came from Den- 



SKENE OK WESTERCORSE AND RAMORE. 91 

mark, on being sccretarie to that embassy, with the Lord Marischall, he 
was made Lord-Register, and married al his children nobilie. He had 5 
elder brothers, viz., the Guidman of Ramoir, and the Commissar of 
Aberdeen, and the Commissar of St. Andrews, and two Doctors of 
Phisick, viz., the one Professor of the College of St. Andrews, and the 
other the first Professor of Medicine at Aberdeen. Both of them were, 
upon their coming from France, falling short of money at London, had 
only a quardegue [quartecu] by them, and resolving to kill or cure where - 
ever they came, were heard to say one to another, Let us spend this, and 
then revenge Pinkie and Flowden, and being arraigned before the K., 
King James preferred the on to be his ordinar, the other his extrordin- 
arie Daughter [Doctor], and recommended them to St. Andrews and 
Aberdeen, for the love he bore to Sir John, their brother, who was the 
youngest of the sex, and went in and out first, and the eldest last. 
Their mother, finding her husband and Mr. James a bon compagnon, 
and haueing his friends with him, sat up at night drinking. She retired 
herselfe to a Buss of Birkis, in respect the Drink was almost done in 
the house, save only a tunned coug, and took herself to pray for her hus- 
band and familie, and thereafter she fell asleep, and being with chyld, it 
quickens, and she starts up and went to her husband, and told him that 
she would never grudge at his good fellowship any more, for God had 
revealed it to her that she was with a son, whose name was to be John 
who should be a father to the other fayve — and then brought forward 
the Tuning skell couge quhich was formerlie absconded from her hus- 
band, and began her own hans in kelder" (male child in the womb). 

Like most family traditions, this account is not strictly correct, and 
James Skene, the father, seems to be confounded with Mr. James Skene, 
his eldest son. 

His wife was, we have seen, not a Burnet but a Lumsden. 

There is among the Curriehill papers a " genealogy of Sir John 
Skene, Clerk Register, Lord Curriehill," in which his descent is correctly 
stated. "The Laird of Skene was married to my Lord Forbcs's 
daughter, and she had to him the Laird of Skene, the elder brother, and 
the Laird of Ramorc, the second. The Laird of Ramorc was married to 
the Laird of Cushnie, chief of the name of Lumsden, his daughter, in 
Aberdeen, who bore to him the Laird of Ramore and Sir John Skene, 
Clerk Register." 



<J2 sKEXE OF WESTERCORSE AND RAMORE. 

The story of the two doctors, also, rather falls through, for there was 
certainly only one of the sons who was a doctor and " mediciner to his 
Majestie," and there was at the time no Professor of Medicine in St. 
Andrews ; but another of the sons, Duncan, was incorporated in 
St. Mary's College of St. Andrews in 1559. He was a Notary Public. 
He may, however, have been his brother's companion on this occasion, 
and made the remark, as he was noted for his witty sayings. He was 
Notary to the Edzeill and Crawfurd family, and in their correspondence 
there is frequent allusion to " Mr. Duncan Skene's daft diximes." 

The following description of the "tunned coug " is given in "An 
Account of Scotland in 1679, by Thomas Kirke, a Yorkshire squire" — 
" Their drink is ale of bear malt, and tunned up in a small vessel called a 
cogue ; after it has stood a few hours, they drink it out of the cogue, 
yest and all." 

In MS.B the five elder brothers of Sir John Skene alone are given, 
but he had four younger brothers, as we shall see, making in all ten 
brothers, sons of James Skene of Wcstcrcorsc. 

Prior to the sixteenth century there was little outlet for the sons of 
such families, except to enter the church, or to have their names inscribed 
in the rental books as kindlic tenants of some outlying farm, which their 
descendants, if the laird was embarrassed, acquired in property, or else 
they descended to the condition of ordinary farmers; but in the beginning 
of the sixteenth century the increasing trade of the country, and the new 
life and new ideas infused into society by the Reformation, sent the 
younger sons to seek their subsistence in other fields. Those who would 
have entered the church became notaries public. Others either became 
burgesses of the county towns, or entered into the increasing trade 
between Scotland and Poland, in which Aberdeen took a large share, 
whence, if they were prosperous in trade, they again emerged and 
founded new county families, by purchasing land ; while the foundation 
of the College of Justice, as well as of the College of St. Mary's at 
St Andrew's in this century, afforded a new outlet for their energies in 
which they might acquire fame or fortune. 

The history of these ten sons of Mr. James Skene, by his wife, Janet 
Lumsden, affords an apt illustration of the above remarks. They were — 

I. Mr. James Skene, who succeeded his father. 

II Mr. William Skene. 



SKENE OK WESTERGORSE AND RAMORE. 93 

On 13th April, 1540, the Bishop of Aberdeen admitted, 
among others, as Notaries — 

Magister Jacobus Skeyne, 
Magister Wilhelmus Skeyne. 

On 17th September, 1549, "Magister Willelmus Skene" 
entered King's College as a student in theology, and in the same 
year he is ordered by the Bishop to be ready to take Priests 
Orders, at Easter, 1550, to take Minor Orders between this and 
the Feast of All Saints, the Subdiaconate at Christmas, and the 
Diaconate and Presbyterate, between that date and the said 
Easter. 

In 1556 "Magister Gulielmus Skene in utroque jure licen- 
tiatus " is incorporated in St. Mary's College, St. Andrews. 

In 1563 he became one of the Visitors of St. Salvator's 
College. In 1564 he was appointed Commissary of St. Andrews; 
and in 1 565 " Magister Gulielmus Skene Juris licentiatus, Sti. 
Andree Commissarius et conservator privilegiorum " is elected 
Dean of the Faculty of Arts. In 1579 he was transferred to St. 
Salvator's College. 

He married Margaret Martin, relict of Wm. Arthour, and 
died on 2nd September, 1582. On 17th February, 1586, the will 
of Mr. William Skene, Commissar of St. Andrews, is confirmed 
by Margaret Mertoune, his spouse, as executrix dative. 

In his work, " De Verborum Significaticne," Sir John Skene 
refers to a work " Mri. Wilielmi Skenei fratris mei Commissarii 
Sancti Andree ; " and Sir James Melville says, in his Memoirs, 
" Commissare Wilyeam Skene was ane man of skill and guid 
conscience in his calling, learnit and diligent in his profession, 
and tuk delyt in nathing mair nor to repeat ower and ower again 
to anie schollar that wad ask him the things he had been 
teaching." 
Mr. Alexander Skene. He appears to have been an alumnus 
of the University of Paris, as in an edition of Vaus' Grammar, 
published in Paris in 1553, there is an address " Alexandri 
Skeyne Juventuti Aberdonensi Grammatice studiosi," dated 
Lutetie, 16 Calend. Julii, MDLIII." 

In 1563 he was an advocate before the Lords of Council, in 



94 SKENE OE WESTERCORSE AND RAMORE. 

Edinburgh, and married Margaret Cockburn, relict of James 
Lawson of Hieriggis, as on 13th April, in that year, there is a 
contract between William Lesly of Balquhanc on the one part, 
and Mr. Alexander Skene, advocate, before the Lords of Council 
and Session in Edinburgh, for himself and in name of Margaret 
Cokburne, his spouse, on the other ; and, on 9th March, 1568, 
there is a contract between John Lawson of Boghall, son and 
heir of umquhile James Lawson of Hieriggis, Margaret Cokburne, 
mother of the said John and Mr. Alexander Skene, her spouse, 
on the one part, and James Wylie Skynnar, burgess of Edin- 
burgh, and Margaret Leslie, his spouse, on the other. 

In 1574 he became a burgess of Aberdeen, and acquired part 
of the salmon fishings of Midchyngill, in the river of Dee; and in 
a sasine in his favour, on 8th April, 1575, of a land on the north 
side of Castle Street, Aberdeen, among the witnesses is Magis- 
tro Johanne Skeyne fratre germano dicti magistri Alcxandri. 

On 1st October, 1576, the Council Records of Aberdeen 
contain the following : — " The said day the Provost, &c, grantit 
and geiff license to Maister Alexander Skene, burgess of the 
said Burgh, and Advocat, admitted to our Soucrane Lords 
Sessioun, before the Lords of Counsell, to duell and remain 
absent of this Burgh, within the Burgh of Edinburgh, for the 
space of three years, notwithstanding he be obleist be the 
Statutes, &c, to duell and remain within the same, in respect he 
is presently anc heritable possessor of ane half nettis fishing of 
the Mydchingill, &c, especiallie because the said Alexander 
procuris for them before the Lords ;" and, on 9th October, 1579, 
this permission is renewed for three years. 

On 6th March, 1584, there is an obligation by Alexander 
Quhitlaw of Ester Liffe, and others, to Mr. Alexander Skene 
in Edinburgh, brother-german to Mr. John Skene, Advocat. 

On 6th July, 1586, "Mr. Alexander Skeyne, Advocat, before 
the Lords and Burgess of Edinburgh and Aberdeen, departit." 

He left no issue, as on 12th July, 1 586, there is a decreet at the 
instance of Mr. John Skene, advocate, against Mr. James Skene 
of Westercorse, his brother, in which Mr. John Skene, as heir of 
provision, sues Mr. James Skene, as heir of conquest of their 
brother, Mr. Alexander Skene, advocate. 



SKENE OF WESTERCORSE AND RAMORE. 95 

Sir John Skene thus alludes to him in his work "De Verborum 
Significatione," under the word Bothua, " ut in lib. M. Alexandri 
Skenaei fratris mei germani quondam in supremo Senatu 
Advocati." 

IV. Robert Skene. 1st October, 1 571, Robertus Skeyne admitted 

Burgess of Aberdeen: Alexander Cullen, Cautioner. 

In the deed by which Jacobus Nicolson resigns, on 19th Oct., 
1574, the half fishings of Mydchingill to Mr. Alexander Skene, 
the witnesses are " Alexandre Cullen, Roberto Skeyne, burgen. 
de Aberdeen." 

And on 24th July, 1575, Robert Skene is witness to a contract 
between Alexander Forbes of Auchintoull, and Mr. Alexander 
Skene, advocate, in which he is designed brother-german to the 
said Mr. Alexander. He was ancestor of the Skenes of Belhelvie 
and of Rubislaw. 

V. Mr. Gilbert Skene applied himself to the study of medicine, in 

which he took a doctor's degree, and in 1536 was appointed 
mediciner or professor of medicine in King's College, Aberdeen. 
A memorandum in the records of King's College says, " he 
entered in Principal Anderson's time, and continued likely till 
after the Reformation, or the Assembly visitation in 1569." 

It was while occupying this position of professor of medicine 
in King's College, that he published the little tract on " The 
Teste," which was printed, as the title bears, at Edinburgh in 
the year 1 568.* 

In the same year he became one of the ordinary regents of 
the College; but, in 1571, there is a presentation, dated 6th 
November, by the rector, principal, regents, &c, of the College 
of Aberdeen, with collation of William, Bishop of Aberdeen, 
to Maister Gilbert Skene, doctor in medicine, of the Burse of 
medicine, otherwise called a prebendar of the said College, with 
the manse, hous, place, yardis, and croftis pertaining thereto ; and 
on 20th August, 1587, he, with consent of the masters, disponed 
the mediciner's manse to Mr. Thomas Lumsden, rector, of 
Kinkell. 

* This tract, with another, was reprinted for the Bannatyne Club, under the title of " Tracts 
by Dr. Gilbert Skeyne," with a prefatory notice of Dr. Gilbert by the editor of this work, and 
the above notice necessarily corresponds with it. 



96 SKENE OF WESTERCORSE AND RAMORE. 

In 1569 he married Agnes Lawson, as appears from a 
contract, on 25th November, between Mr. John Spens of Condie, 
and Mr. Alexander Betoune, Erchdeine of Lawtheane, on the 
one part, and Mr. Gilbert Skene, Doctoure of Medicine, and 
Agnes Lausone, his future spouse, on the other. She was, as 
appears from another contract in 1583, relict of John Uddart, 
burgess of Edinburgh. 

In 1 571 Gilbert Skene, Doctor of Medicine, and Agnes 
Lawsone, his spouse, are infeft in the lands of Mekill Wardes, 
in the barony of Pitsligo. 

In 1575 he appears to have finally settled in Edinburgh, as 
in that year he purchased from Mr. John Melrose a house in 
Niddry Street, Edinburgh. Here he practised as a doctor, and 
must have risen to some celebrity, as on 16th June, 1581, there 
is in the Privy Seal Record, " anc letter makand mentioun that 
our Soueraine Lord understanding that his wellbelovit Maister 
Gilbert Skene, doctour of medicine, has bestowed his haill aigc 
bygane in ze studic of guid letters, and in speciale of medicine, 
and appointing him his own physician;" and, in the Act of 
Revocation of the Collector}- made by James VI. in 1581, there 
is specially excepted " the gift of pension to our wellbelovit 
Maister Gilbert Skene, our Mcdiciner, of the soume of Twa 
hundreth pundis money of our realme." He seems to have 
lived uncomfortably with his wife, and finally separated from her, 
as on 1582 there is an action of adherence at the instance of 
Agnes Lawson against Mr. Gilbert Skene, her spouse. 

In 1593 Dr. Gilbert Skeyne sells his house in Niddry Street 
to his brother, Sir John Skene, for an annuity of 200 merks, 
from which we may infer that he had retired from practice. The 
house is described as lying on the south side of the Kings Hie 
Street, in the Vermel called Niddrie's Wynd, on the east side of 
the passage entrance of the same. 

Dr. Gilbert Skene died in 1599, leaving no family, but sur- 
vived by his widow, Agnes Lawson, who alleged that she had 
been named executrix, but was unable to procure a nomination ; 
and, on 20th July, 1599, his nephew, Robert Skene, son of his 
eldest brother, Mr. James Skene of YVestercorse, was decerned 



SKENE OF WESTERCORSE AND RAMORE. 97 

Executor Dative, and gave up an Inventory of his goods and 
gear ; and, in 1602, another nephew, James Skene, brother's son 
to Mr. Gilbert Skene, is decerned Executor ad omissa. 
VI. Mr. John Skene, afterwards Sir John Skene of Curriehill, ancestor 

of the Skenes of Curriehill and Halyards in Mid-Lothian. 
VII. Mr. Duncan Skene. In 1559 Duncanus Skeyne is incorporated in 
St. Mary's College, St. Andrews. On 9th June, 1567, there is an 
obligation by William Richeson of Cranstoun, Riddell, Princi- 
pale, and Thomas Hunter, burgess of the Canongait, suretie to 
Mr. Duncan Skene, brother to Mr. Alexander Skene, advocat. 

In 1 591 Mr. Duncan Skene, Notary Public, is infeft in an 
annual rent of £40 from the lands of Balnabriech in Forfarshire ; 
and, on 1 ith March, 1594, there is decreet at the instance of Mr. 
Duncan Skene, brother-german to Mr. John Skene, Clerk of 
Register, against James Guthrie of Eister Balnabriech, and 
Christian Barroun, his spouse, and James Guthrie, their son and 
heir, for payment to him of two annual rents, one of .£40, and 
the other of 40 merks, furth of the lands of Eister Balnabriech, 
due for the years 1592-93-94, to which annual rents he has right, 
by alienation and disposition, by the said James Guthrie, to him 
and his heirs lawful, to be gotten of his body ; whom failing, to 
John Skein, lawful son to the said Mr. John Skein, his heirs and 
assigns, and concerning which there are two contracts between 
the said James Guthrie, his spouse and son on the one part, and 
Mr. Duncan Skene on the other part, both of the date at Balna- 
briech, 12th June, 1589, and registered in the Books of Council 
and Session, nth February, 1594. 

Mr. Duncan Skene appears, in several deeds, as a Notary 
Public, and seems to have acted in that capacity to the Edzell 
and Crawford families, and to have been resident at one time in 
the family of Lord Ogilvie, as appears from the papers of these 
families. In a letter from Lord Ogilvie to Sir David Lindesay, 
which is in Mr. Duncan's handwriting, and dated Farnwell, 1st 
March, 1586, he adds a postscript for himself, to Sir David — 
" My Lord, my maister is sumquhat mair coleragious sen he cam 
haim furth of Ducheland, nor of befoir, swa I dar nor will nocht 
be hamlie witt his Lordschip with my daft diximes. I had 



SKENE OF WESTERCORSE AND RAMORE. 

never anc busines heid. Albeit it be gryt, thair is mair wit 
about it nor within ye sam." 

Mr. Duncan Skene died unmarried in 1602, and, on nth 
June in that year, there are, in the Currichill papers, the original 
minutes of Court, in the service of Mr. John Skene, younger, as 
air of tailzie and provision to the said umquhile Mr. Duncan 
Skene. George Skene is Dempster of the court. 
Mr. Thomas Skene was a writer. He first appears in the Council 
Register of Aberdeen, and gives evidence of an apparently 
turbulent youth. There is on 17th December, 1574, the Baillie's 
decern — Gilbert Henrie to pay to Thomas Skene, ten shillings 
scots, and in May, 1574, the Baillies decern and ordain Wilyam 
Wishart to refund, content, and pay to Thomas Skene the soume 
of thirty-five shillings, probably connected with said business ; 
but, on 10th September, 1575, Thomas Skene confessit striking 
Harie in ye arme with ane whinger, wherefore he was in 

unlaw, and William Foremen became suretie for the modification 
of his unlaw. 

After Sir John Skene became Clerk Register, we find that 

Thomas had been made servitor to the Master of Klphinstone, and 

participated in the grants which, through Sir John's influence, 

were so freely bestowed upon different members of the family. In 

the Privy Seal Record there is, on 5th February, 1594, ane letter 

maid . . . givand, grantand, and disponand, to his lovit 

Thomas Skene, servitor to Alexander, Master of Klphinstone, 

during all the days of his lifetime, all and haill the vicarage, 

pensionarie of Pittintagart, with the manse and glebe, &c, at his 

hieness disposal, by the decease of umquhile Mr. William Hay, 

parson of Turriff. Thomas Skene married a Mowat of Balqu- 

hollie, and had three sons — 

1. Mr. James Skene, writer, in Edinburgh. In 1601 he became 

servitor to Mr. Robert Learmonth, advocate, son-in-law of 

Sir John Skene, and in 1600 he was present at the death-bed 

of James Skene of Westercorse (Acts and Decreets, 8th Feb., 

1603). In 1620 he married Anne Learmonth, his master's 

daughter, by whom he had a daughter, Helen ; and after her 

death he married a second time Elizabeth Mowtray. 



SKENE OF WESTERCORSE AND RAMORE. 99 

In 1650 Mr. James Skene, served heir to Barbara 
Mowat, wife of Mr. Andrew Oswald, advocate, " filiae 
avunculi." 

On 13th Sept., 1655, James Skeyne, writer, and Elizabeth 
Mowtray, married; and on 30th May, 1656, James Skeyne, 
son to umquhile Thomas Skeyne, writer, and Elizabeth 
Mowtray had a son, James. His father died soon after, as on 
17th Jan., 1658, umquhile James Skene, writer, and Elizabeth 
Mowtray, a son, John ; but this family came to an end in the 
same year, as on 1 ith Nov., 1658, there is a sasine on precept 
by the provost and baillies of Edinburgh in favour of Jeane 
Skene, father's sister, and heir to the deceased John Skene, 
procreated betwixt the deceased James Skene, his father, 
and the deceased Elizabeth Mowtray, spouses, and Patrick 
Hamilton of Greine, her spouse, of a tenement in the village 
of Leith. 

2. Robert Skene was admitted a Notary Public on 15th July, 1598, 

and settled at Turriff, probably owing to the connection of 
his mother's family with that part of the country, as there 
is an obligation by Walter Mowatt to Robert Skene in 
Turriff, dated at Turriff, 8th December, 1607. 

In September of the same year he was admitted a 
burgess of Aberdeen, but his name occurs among the 
burgesses " rure manentes." 

There is a sasine in 22nd May, 161 6 — Robertus Skene, 
in villa de Turriff, of a tenement in Aberdeen, formerly 
belonging to Thomas Skene, burgess of Aberdeen, in which 
Mr. James Skene, son of Robert, is a witness. This line 
cannot be traced further, but part of the protocol books of 
Mr. Robert and Mr. James Skene, both Notaries in Turriff, 
has been preserved. 

3. Thomas Skene. He was admitted a burgess of Aberdeen on 16th 

July, 1602, and on 25th February, 1603, there is a sasine by 
Thomas Skene and Isobel Anderson, his spouse, referring to 
contract of marriage between them, with consent of Robert 
Skene, in villa de Turriff, his brother-german. He died, 
without issue, before 1616. 

4. Jeane Skene married Patrick Hamilton of Greine. 



X> SKENE OF WESTERCORSE AND RAMORE. 

IX. Andrew Skene. He appears as a burgess of Aberdeen as early 
as the year 1564, and in 1571 he married Bessie Annand, of the 
family of Annand of Ochtcrellon, and settled in Many, near the 
northern boundary of Belhelvie, as on 1st March in that year, 
" Andreas Skeyne, in villa de Many," resigns, in the hands of the 
superior, for new infeftment to himself and Bessie Annand, his 
spouse, " terra sua per Alexandrum Ouhytcross nunc occupata 
in vico inferiori ecclesie ex boreali parte inter terras Georgii 
Wischart et Thome Merscone." 

He appears sometimes in Aberdeen, and sometimes among 
the " absentes," down to 1589, when, on 15th October, in that 
year, " Andrew Skeyne, burgess of Aberdeen, departit." 
He had a son — 
I. George Skene. He appears, in 1602, as Dempster of court, in 
the service of Mr. John Skene, son of Sir John Skene of 
Currichill, to his uncle, Mr. Duncan Skene, and in the same 
year is executor, as brother's sone, to Patrick Skene, another 
brother of Sir John Skene. 

In 161 1 we find him living at Knockhall, which then 
belonged to Lord Sinclair, and in that year he is a juror in 
the service of idiotcry of William Skene, son to Mr. James 
Skene of Westercorse. 

In 161 3 we find him, in the Aberdeen Council Register, 
called burgess, chamberlain to Lady Sinclair ; and, on 22nd 
January, in that year, there is an action by George Skene, 
brother's son to Sir John Skene of Curriehill, against Alex- 
ander Innes, in Garnwatter, for spuilzie, in August, 161 2, 
furth of the lands of Quoren, in the parish of Urquhart, of a 
black horse and a mare. 

In 1619 he becomes servitor to Turing of Foveran, and 
in 1 62 1 there is a precept by Turing of Foveran to George 
Skene in Auchnacant, and we find him there in 1623, with 
Barbara Anderson, his spouse. 

In October, 1626, there is the redemption of ane tene- 
ment of land caleit the Stanehouse of Ellon, granted by 
George Skene in Auchnacant, to Mr. Gilbert Annand, a 
connection through his mother ; and the last notice we have 
of him is in 1635. 



SKENE OF WESTERCORSE AND RA.MORE. IOI 

X. Patrick Skene. On 17th May, 1580, " Mr. John Skene, Advocatus 
coram Dominis Concilii, Patricius Skene ejus frater germanus 
gratis gratia Concilii," admitted burgesses of Aberdeen. 

Nothing is known of his history, except that he was twice 
married — first to Marjorie Hurrie, a daughter, probably of 
Hurrie of Pitfichie, who possessed Westercorse, under the Skenes 
as superiors, and whose death is thus recorded — 

17th July, 1585, Marjorie Hurre, spouse of Patrick Skene, 
buried in the kirk; and, on 10th January, 1586, we have Patrick 
Skene and Marjorie Forbes mariet. 

In 1589, Patrick Skene and his spouse are warned to remove 
from a house in the Gallowgate pertaining to David Fergusone. 

He had no family, and died in 1601, as on 29th July, in that 
year, there is an edict, at the instance of Mr. Patrick Forest 
against the executors, the spouse, bairns, if there may be, intro- 
mitters with the goods and gear of umquhile Patrick Skene, 
burgess of Aberdeen. Compeirit Mr. Patrick Forest, procurator 
for George Skene, brother's sone to the defunct, desiring him to 
be decerned executor dative to him. 

Mr. James Skene of Westercorse had two daughters — 
XI. Bessie Skene, who married William Elzenor, burgess of Aberdeen, 
by whom she had two sons and one daughter — 

1. Robert, burgess of Aberdeen.* 

2. John, " incola villae de Turriff," admitted burgess in 1607. 

3. Bessie, married to Patrick Skene, in Bandodle. 

24th November, 1579, sasine by William Elzinor in favour of 
" probe adolescentule Bessete Skene, sue future conjugi jam in 
sua virginitate existen." of a tenement in Upper Kirkgate. 

17th March, 1 585, Bessie Skene, spouse to William Alshenour, 
burgess of Aberdeen, departit. 
XII. Mirabell Skene "married Forbes, burgess of Aberdeen, and 

had a son, David, who lived with Earl Marischall ; who had a 
daughter, Lucia Forbes" (Curriehill papers). Her daughter, 
Jean, is mentioned in 1613, as "sisters dochter to defunct" Dr. 
Gilbert Skene. 
As previously mentioned in the account of the "little laird," James 
Skene, who was his uncle, and had been his curator, led his retainers to 
the battle of Pinkie, and was slain there in 1 547. 



SKENK OF WESTERCORSE AND RAMORE. 



II. — Mr. James Skene of Westercorse and Ramore, 

the eldest son, succeeded his father, who, before he went to the battle of 
Pinkie, transferred his estate to his son, as appears from a crown charter 
of confirmation, " Magistro Jacobo Skeyne filio Jacobi Skeyne in Ban- 
dodil super cartam sibi factam per dictum Jacobum Skeyne in Bandodil 
de data 26 Februarij, 1547, de toto et integro annuali feodo triginta 
quinque Mercarum &c. de terris de Westercorss et Norham necnon 
superioritatc dictarum tcrrarum." 

He afterwards acquired the lands of Ramore, in Kincardineshire, 
and Mr. James Skene of Ramore is witness to a crown charter on 13th 
December, 1 578. 

On 1 8th January, 1587, there is an action at the instance of Mr. 
James Skene of Westercorse against Alexander Cuming of Cultcr, to 
find they have done wrong in demolishing the briggis callit Bowbrig, 
lying betwixt his lands of Camyguhen, Ramoir, &c, on the north side, 
and his lands of Catterloche on the south. Mr. John Skene is his 
procurator. 

He was twice married, 1st, to Janet Burnet, second daughter of 
Alexander Burnett of Leys, by whom he had the following children : — 
I. Alexander Skene. On 27th April, 1582, "Mr. Alexander Skene, 
filius et hcres apparen. Ma"gistri Jacobi Skene de Westercorse 
gratis gratia Concilii," admitted a burgess of Aberdeen. He 
died in the same year, as on 4th November, in that year, 
" Mr. Alexander Skene de Prestoun Burgensis de Aberdeen ac 
Advocatus coram Dominos Concilii " resigns the fishings in Mid- 
chingill "in favorem her. masc. de corpore quondam Magistri 
Alexandri Skene junioris Burgen. de Aberdeen, filii et heredis 
apparentis Magistri Jacobi Skene de Westercorse ac patruelis 
ipsius Magistri Alexandri Skene senioris resignantis." Witness, 
Mr. James Skene of Westercorse. 
II. Gilbert Skene, also a burgess of Aberdeen; and, on 4th May, 1 591, 
" Magister Gilbertus Skene Burgen. de Aberdeen frater germanus 
ac hercs quondam Magistri Alexandri Skene junioris Burgen. 
de Aberdeen " is infeft in the fishings of Midchingill. He suc- 
ceeded his father. 



SKENE OF WESTERCORSE AND RAMORE. 103 

III. Robert Skene. 5th April, 1606, sasine to Robertus Skeyne filius 
legitimus quondam Jacobi Skeyne de Westercorse of the lands of 
Rannaloch, upon disposition to him by James Skene, son and 
heir of Sir John Skene of Curriehill. 

He was twice married, 1st to Janet Skene one of the three 

daughters and co-heiresses of Arthur Skene of Auchtererne, by 

whom he had a son, Alexander, who served heir to his mother in 

1 62 1 ; and 2nd to Helen Robertson, relict of John Vaus, por- 

tioner, of Brochton, as appears from a notice of her in that year, 

and Robert Skene of Rannaloch, now her spouse. In her right 

he appears to have obtained property in Auchtermuchty ; and, 

in 1620, he conveys Rannaloch and Brochholls, in the parishes of 

Kincardine and Cluny, to Alexander Skene of Skene, and after 

that date is usually designed as Robert Skene of Auchtermuchtie. 

In the years, from 1597 to 161 1, he appears as servitor to 

Sir John Skene of Curriehill. In 1599 he is designed son to 

James Skene of Raemoir, and in 1600 and 1601, brother's sone 

to Sir John. 

IV. William Skene. On 13th November, 161 1, " Guliclmus Skeyne 

filius Jacobi Skeyne de Westercorse," is cognosced as "non compos 

mentis fatuus et naturaliter idiota," and " Robertus Skeyne de 

Auchtermuchtie ejus fratri germanus primogenitus " is appointed 

tutor as " propinquior consanguineus ex parte patris dicto 

Gulielmo." Among the jurors is George Skene in Knockhall. 

V. Janet Skene married, 1st, Patrick Innes of Tibbertie ; and 2nd, 

on nth February, 1625, to John Forbes of Byth, Mr. John 

Skene, Clerk of Session, and Mr. James Skene of Ramore, being 

consenting parties. 

Mr. James Skene of Westercorse and Ramore married a second 

time Elizabeth Strathauchin, as appears from a redemption by Alexander 

Cullen, provost of Aberdeen, of a tenement, over which 30x3 merks 

had been lent by Magister Jacobus Skene de Westercorse et Elizabeth 

Strathauchin ejus sponsa. He died in June, 1600, and his testament 

dative is confirmed in October, 1600, his son, Robert Skene, being 

appointed sole executor. 



SKENE OF WESTERCORSE AND RAMORE. 



III. — Mr. Gilbert Skene of Westercorse and Ramore. 

On 30th September, 1600, there is a retour — " Magister Gilbertus 
Skene hercs masculus Magistri Jacobi Skene de Westercorse patris in 
annuo feodo &c. de tern's de Westercorse ct Norham nccnon superioritate 
dictarum terrarum." 

In 10th November, 1602, he is infeft in the lands of Kebety, in the 
parish of Midmar, and in 161 2 \vc find him designed Mr. Gilbert Skene 
de Ramore. 

He appears to have married a daughter of Forbes of Corsinday. He 
died in 1616, and was succeeded by his son, 



IV.— Mr. James Skene of Westercorse and Ramore, 

who was then probably under age. He was admitted a burgess in 16 18, 
but it was not till 20th July, 1620, that there is a retour Magister Jacobus 
Skene hercs Magistri Gilberti Skene de Westercorse patris in dime- 
dictate villc et terrarum de Corsinday, dimedietate terrarum de Muirton 
et Little Corsinday, dimedietate terrarum de Badenley, ct terrarum mo- 
lindinarum, terris de Kebetie cum pastura in foresta Coramie in baronia 
de Cluny. 

On 27th July, 1622, there is a similar retour in the lands of Wester- 
corse and Norham. 

Ramore was probably lifercnted by his mother, as it is not till 9th 
January, 1664, that "Jacobus Skene de Ramore hercs Gilberti Skene de 
Ramore patris " is infeft in " terris de Cacrnquhin Ramore Catterloch et 
Tillibo." 

He was succeeded by his son. 



V.— Robert Skene of Westercorse and Ramore. 

On 1 8th November, 1661, there is a sasine in favor of " Robcrtus 
Skene nunc de Ramore ncpos quondam Magistri Gilberti Skene de 
Westercorse filius quondam Jacobi Skene quondam de Ramore," in the 
lands of Camquhine Ramore Catterloch ct Tilnabo Molendini de Ramore. 



SKENE OF WESTERCORSE AND RAMORE. 105 

" Robert Skene of Ramore descended of a second brother of the 
Laird of Skene" records arms in the Lyon Register: "Gules three 
daggers argent pomellcd and surmounted on the poynts with alse many 
woolf's heads couped or, all within a bordur invecked of the second." 
Crest : " A birk-tree environed with certaine ears of oats all growing out 
of a mount proper." Motto : " Sub montibus altis." 

He was three times married, 1st, to a daughter of Rait of Halgreen, 
2nd, to Barbara, daughter of William Forbes of Cotton, and relict of 
Gilbert Skene of Dyce, and 3rd, to a daughter of Robert Irvine of Cults. 

By his first wife he had an only daughter, Margaret Skene, who 
married James Hog of Blairiedryne, and brought the estate of Ramore 
into that family. 

On 8th August, 1685, there is a sasine in favour of Margaret Skene, 
spouse of James Hog of Blairiedryne, and in 1691 there is a sasine in 
favour of James Hog of Blairiedryne, in the lands of Ramore, &c. 



SKENE OF CURRIEHILL. 



I.— Mr. John Skene, 

sixth son of James Skene of Westercorse, and afterwards Sir John Skene 
of Curriehill. 

The following account of his career is given by Sir John Scott of 
Scotstarvet in his " Staggering State of the Scots Statesmen for one 
hundred years, from 1550 to 1650," in his usual depreciatory style : — 

" Sir John Skeen succeeded to be Clerk Register after Alexander 
Hay, and was preferred to the place by the moyen of my Lord Blantyre, 
his brother-in-law ; for their wives were two sisters. 

" He was well skilled in the laws before he was advanced to that 
place, and got a sole gift for printing the Acts of Parliament and Regiam 
Majestatem, by which means he acquired a great deal of money from the 
country, for all heritors of land were obliged to buy them; but it did 
little good ; for albeit he lived many years in the place, yet did he 
purchase but few lands, only he bought Curriehill and Ravelrig, of no 
great value ; all which was sold by his son, Sir James. 

" He resigned his place to his said son in his old age; but Haddington, 
by his power, forced his son, Sir James, to resign the same in his favour, 
and got him made an Ordinary Lord of Session, which place Sir James 
brooked till his death, and was made president of the Session by King 
Charles. But being of a generous disposition, and having small means, 
he behoved to sell and dispone all, both in town and country, for 
defraying of his debts. 

" Sir John's four daughters had little better success ; only Sir 
William Scott's wife [the author's mother], who got nothing by her 
father, had best success. But the other three — one of them married to 
Robert Learmont, advocate, the second to my Lord Fosterseat, and the 



SKENE OF CURRIEHILL. 107 

third to Sir Robert Richardson of Pencaitland — their sons have dis- 
poned all their fathers' lands, and nothing is left thereof at this day." 

The history of Sir John, as well as of his son, Sir James, can be 
traced from the infancy of the former, and it will be seen that the author 
of the " Staggering State " has rather distorted the facts in order to point 
the moral of his piece. 

We have first, two notices, which may relate to Sir John in his early 
school days. On 13th July, 1 541, the Town Council of Aberdeen "divide 
the Sang skuill between Sir John Futtie and John Black, singar, his 
depute ; the said John to have power to puneis and correct his awin twa 
brothers, Alexander Grayes twa sones, ane Skene and ane Lummisden, 
barnis of the said skuill, reserving the punysment of the remanent barnis 
thereof to the said Sir John himself, as superior thairof." 24th January, 
1549, "Gilbert Kintor . . . conuikit ... for ye inpading of daue 
andersoun Doctor in ye grammer skuhill of ye said bur 1 in sanct nicklace 
kirk of ye said bur' villand to haue strikin him And als ye said daue 
anderson and Jon robertsoun ar conuikit be ye said some be ye mov 1 of ye 
said chancelar for ye out feching of ye barnis of ye said grammer skuhill 
and ye invading of ye said gilbert kintor and dauid kintor his broder throw 
ye qlk invading ye said dauid kintor was strikin and strublit be ane scolar 
callit skeyne w l ane tre." Here we have him first in the Sang school, along 
with a Lumsden (and Sir John's mother was a Lumsden), and no doubt 
much benefited by the punishment and correction he received from Mr. 
John Black ; and then we find him leading the bairns of the Grammar 
School, and showing his prowess in defending their master. Mr. Grant, 
in his History of the Burgh Schools of Scotland, adds, " Tradition 
says that the scholar called Skeyne was the famous Sir John Skeyne, 
Clerk of Register, so well known to the students of Scots law and 
history " (p. 63), and the dates accord ; for, after passing through the 
course of studies at King's College, Aberdeen, he went to the University 
of St. Andrews; and in 1556 Johannes Skene was incorporated in St. 
Mary's College. After taking his degree of Master of Arts, he was, in 
1565, Regent of St. Mary's College, and one of the electors of the 
Rector. 

Dempster, who was personally acquainted with him, says, in his 
Ecclesiastical History, " adolescentiam in Norwegia, Dania, Sarmatiaque 
magna parte consumpsit, ubi et linguas didicit exactissime boreales et 



>< 



Io8 SKENE OF CURRIEHILL. 

mores polivit, et ingenium, ad magna surgens, ex virtutis et honesti 
praescripto formavit, vir candore animi et humanitate incomparabili, 
jurisprudential ac rei antiquariae peritissimus." 

He alludes to this journey, himself, in his work, " De Verborum 
Significatione," " Ane pedder is called ane Marchand or Creamer quha 
bearis ane pack or Creame upon his back quha are cald bearares of the 
pudill be the Scottismen of the Realme of Polonia; quhairof I saw ane 
great multitude in the toune of Cracovia, Anno Domini 1569." 

On 19th March, 1575, Mr. John Skene was admitted advocate; and, 
in 1577, he married Helen Somerville, eldest daughter of Sir John 
Somerville of Camnethan by his second wife, Catherine, daughter of 
John Murray of Falahill; her sister, Dame Nicolas Somerville, being wife 
of Walter, Lord Blantyre. 

Mr. John Skene seems soon to have risen to great practice at the 
Bar, but according to the custom of the time, instead of being paid by 
fees as at present, he engaged " to procure " in all causes affecting a 
client, for a fixed annual payment. Thus we find a decreet, at the 
instance of Sir John Skene, advocate, against George Meldrum of Fyvie, 
for payment to him of 90 merks, as arrears of yearly pension of 20 
merks, granted by the said George Meldrum to the said Mr. John " for 
service alreddie done, and to be done be ye said Mr. John to ye said 
George, in his office of procuratioune, in all his honest and lefull causses 
before the said Lords, and that for all his lifetime conform to the letter 
of pension subscribed by the said George Meldrum at Edinburgh, 20th 
May, 1580, and which arrears are for the years, 1588-89-90-91-92, &c." 

In 10th June, 1577, he was granted an annual pension of ten chalders 
of meal out of the revenues of the Abbey of Aberbrothock for his 
labours in connection with a plan for forming a general digest of the 
Scottish laws; and in 1587 he was named a member of a commission to 
examine the statutes passed in the Scottish Parliament. 

In 1589 Sir James Melville who, having been selected by the king to 
form an embassy to Denmark to conclude a marriage with one of the 
princesses, was directed " to chuse any man of law that ye please," for 
the purpose of discussing the question about the ylles of Orkney, says, 
as in his memoirs, " when I schew his Majestie that I wald tak with me 
for man of law Mester John .Skein, his Majestie thocht then that there 
were many better lawyers. I said, that he was best acquanted with the 



SKENE OF CURRIEHILL. ICX) 

conditions of the Germanes, and culd mak them lang harrangues in 
Latin, and was a gud, trew, stout man, lyk a Dutche man. Then his 
Majestie was content that he suld ga ther with me" (p. 566). 

Mr. John Skene accordingly went to Denmark as one of the Ambas- 
sadors, and in the deed of agreement between the Scottish Ambassadors 
and the Danish Government regarding the Orkney Isles he is a party 
as " Joannes Skynaeus, juris consultus et supremi serenissimi Scotorum 
Regis Senatus Advocatus" (Privy Council Register, IV., p. 223). 

In the following year he accompanied Colonel Stewart on an embassy 
to Germany. He was also ambassador to the States General in 1591. 

In 1592 a commission was appointed by the Parliament to "survey 
the lawes and actis made in this present Parliament, and all utheris 
municipall lawes and actis of Parliament bygane," " and to consider 
quhat lawis or actis necessardlie wald be knawin to the subjectis," and to 
cause the same to be printed. Sir John Skene was one of the Commis- 
sioners, and the task was committed to him. 

On 1st April, 1593, " ane letter was maid under the Privy Seal, 
appointing Mr. Johnne Skene one of his Majesties Advocates, because 
of the infirmity of Mr. David McGill"; and, on 19th September, 1594, 
there is a similar letter " makand and constitutand Maister Johnne Skene 
his hienes Clerk of his Register." 

In 1598 the first part of the Acts of Parliament, from James I. down- 
wards, compiled by Mr. John Skene, was published, and to this was 
appended his treatise " De Verborum Significatione," a most useful work, 
invaluable to the student of ancient Scottish history, and a monument 
of his learning and industry. 

In 1604, by which time he had been knighted, Sir John Skene was 
named one of the Commissioners for the Union of Scotland and 
England, and in 1607 he completed his treatises of the " Regiam Majes- 
tatem" and "Ouoniam Attachiamenta," and presented them to the Privy 
Council. In the letter recommending the work to James VI., he is 
termed "the Clerk of your hienes' Register in this estaitt, ane wyse, 
learned, and worthy clerk," and they add, that " the meanness of his 
estate and fortune not answerand to his witt, ingyne, and literature, 
may not furneische him moyane to publeis this wark, albeit compiled 
and digested be his travillis and studie." 



IIO SKENE OF CURRIEHILL. 

In consequence of this appeal a sum of money was directed to be 
paid to him by the sheriffs, baillies, stewards, and other judges, as well as 
by the prelates, earls, lords, and barons of the Realm, and a Commission 
was appointed in order to fix this sum. 

Among the Curriehill papers is the following receipt, " I, Sir John 
Skene of Curriehill, grantis me to have receivit fra Sir Patrick Home of 
Polwart, knight, the soume of ten pundis money, and that for his part of 
the taxation grantit be the Estaittis for imprenting of the auld lawes. 
Subscrivit with my hand at Edinburgh, the tent of March, 1609, S. John 
Skene, with my hand." 

Sir John Skene held the office of Clerk Register till the year 161 2, 
and we find him employing several of his relations as servitors or clerks. 
Among them were Mr. Andrew Skene, ancestor of the Skcnes of Hal- 
yards in Fife, Mr. Robert Skene, son of his brother, Mr. James Skene 
of Westercorse, and throughout the whole time, James Skene, son of his 
brother, Robert Skene. The Record of the Privy Seal is full of grants 
to these servitors of escheats and nonentries, bringing with them con- 
siderable sums of money, in which it is probable Sir John himself 
benefited to no small degree, but his means, which must have been con- 
siderable, were not invested to any great extent in land. 

In 1582 he had a crown charter " de loco vocat. lie Craig de Blan- 
tyre," in Lanarkshire. 

In 1596 there is a crown charter to him and Helen Somerville, his 
wife, of the lands of Rannalloch, in Aberdeenshire. 

In 1598 there is a charter to him and Helen Somerville, his wife, of 
the dominical lands of Reidhall, in Midlothian ; and in 1599 a charter to 
them of these lands, along with the cast half of Gorgie. In 1604 he 
purchased the lands of Curriehill for 20,000 merks ; and there is a 
charter to them of the lands of Hill, commonly called Curriehill, in 
Midlothian, from which he took his title. 

Sir John Skene's official life closes in 16 12, when he resigned the 
lucrative and important office of Clerk Register, in favour of his eldest 
son, Sir James Skene, who was, however, persuaded to accept the office 
of an Ordinary Lord of Session instead, to the great annoyance of 
his father. Spottiswood, in his history, gives the following account : — 
"Sir John Skene of Curriehill, in 161 1, on account of his age and 
infirmity, intending to resign his situation of Clerk Register in favour of 



SKENE OF CURRIEHILL. Ill 

his son, Sir James Skene, sent him to London with a letter of resignation, 
to be used only if the king should be willing to admit him. He was 
induced, however, to give in the resignation and accept a seat on the 
bench as an ordinary judge, when the more lucrative office was conferred 
on Sir Thomas Hamilton" (p. 517). 

The resignation had proceeded upon a " Bond by Mr. James Skene, 
eldest lawful son to Sir John Skene of Curriehill, mentioning that his 
said father had resigned his office of Clerk of Register, to the effect the 
said Mr. James might be provided thereto, therefore the said Mr. James 
binds himself to pay to his said father all fees during his life, dated at 
Edinb., 16th March, 1606 ; Witnesses, Mr. Alexander Skene, son lawful 
to said Sir John; Robert Skene, son lawful to umquhile Mr. James Skene; 
and James Skene, servitor to said Sir John." This proceeding on the 
part of Sir James caused at once misunderstanding between them, which 
was eventually settled, and as part of the settlement, Sir John took out 
on 28th May, 1614, a crown charter to himself, Helen Somerville, his wife, 
and Sir James Skene, their son, of the lands of Curriehill. The letters 
relating to this disagreement will be found in the appendix. 

Sir John Skene had by Helen Somerville, his wife, four sons and four 
daughters — 

I. James Skene, afterwards Sir James Skene of Curriehill. 
II. Mr. John Skene of Halyards, ancestor of the Skenes of Halyards, 

in Midlothian, who carried on the line of this family. 
III. Mr. Alexander Skene. On 24th October, 1593, there is a contract 
between Mr. John Skene, one of our sovereign Lord's Advocates, 
and Helen Somerville, his spouse, on the one part, and Mungo 
Russell and Gideon Russell, his son, and apparent heir, on the 
other part, by which they were bound to infeft the said Mr. John 
Skene and his spouse in liferent, and Mr. Alexander Skene, 
their third son, and his heirs ; whom failing, to John Skene, 
his brother, and his heirs ; in an annual rent of 100 merks, &c. 

Among the Curriehill papers is an obligation by Mr. Alex- 
ander Skene and his son, John, to John Skene of Halyards, 
for 600 merks, to obtain Mr. John being admitted an assistant 
and successor in the office of keeper of the register of Homings, 
with his father in 163 1 ; and a bond for a sum of money due by 
Mr. Alexander Skene, brother to Halyards, Joneta Syme, his 



112 SKENE OF CURRIEHILL. 

wife and John Skene, his eldest son, keeper of the register of 
Hornings, to Jean Haliburton, relict of Samuel Somerville, in 
1632. 

The testament dative of umquhile Mr. Alexander Skene, 
writer, in Edinburgh, who died, 22nd March, 1638, given up 
by Janet Syme, his relict, spouse, and executrix dative, decerned 
to him by decreet of April, 1638, confirmed 3rd April, 1638. 

IV. Mr. William Skene. On 3rd December, 1600, Mr. John Skene, 

Clerk of Register, and Helen Somerville, his spouse, " for the 
natural luif and affection, and natural kyndness which we beir to 
our weil bclovit son, William Skene, being as yet unprovidit of 
ony living or moygane be us, and to ye effect he may have ane 
reasonabill beginning to preif to seek the knowledge of guid 
science, and be brocht up in vertew and leirning," infeft him in an 
annual rent of 60 bolls victual. 

On 1 6th March, 161 5, there is a decreet, at the instance of 
Mr. John Skene of Curriehill, one of the Privy Council, against 
Mr. Alexander Skene, sone lawful to the said Sir John, and 
brother and apparent heir to umquhile Mr. William Skene, 
youngest lawful son to the said Sir John, &c. 

V. Jane Skene married Sir William Scott of Ardross, Director of 

Chancery, and their daughter, Eupheme, Countess of Dundonald 
(wife of the 1st Earl), was the lady referred to on page 6. Her 
sister, Helen Scott, married William, 2nd Lord Blantyre. 
VI. Margaret Skene married Mr. Robert Learmonth, advocate, brother 

to the laird of Balcomie. 
VII. Catharine Skene married Sir Alexander Hay, Lord Foresterseat. 
A daughter of this marriage was wife to Sir Archibald Johnston, 
who had by her Elizabeth Johnston, Lady Strathallan, wife of 
General Viscount Strathallan. 
VIII. Euphemia Skene married to Sir Robert Richardson of Pencaitland. 
Sir John Skene died in year 1617. 

17th June, 17 17 — Comperit Helen Somerville onllie executrix testa- 

mentar nominat be umquhile Sir John Skene of Curriehill, knight, her 

spouse, quha producit inventer of his guidis and geir, and maid faythe, &c. 

Spottiswoode, in his Church History, speaking of his death, says, 

" he was much regretted by all honest men, for he had been a man much 



SKENE OF CURRIEHILL. 113 

employed and honored with diverse legations, which he discharged with 
good credit, and now, in age, to be circumvented in this sort by the sim- 
plicity or folly of his son, it was held lamentable" (p. 517). 



II. — Mr. James Skene, 

afterwards Sir James Skene of Curriehill, was admitted advocate on 6th 
July, 1603. On 31st August, 1605, he was infeft in the lands of Rannaloch, 
on a disposition by Mr. John Skene, one of the ordinary Clerks of Session. 

On 2nd December, 1608, his father resigned in his favour the office of 
Clerk to the Bills, to which he was this day admitted. He was also 
conjoined with his father in the office of Clerk Register, but when his 
father resigned that office in favour of his son, in 161 2, he accepted 
instead the position of an ordinary Lord of Session. 

In 1619 a warrant was sent from the king "to warn Sir James Skene 
before the Lords of Secret Council to hear and see himself depressed for 
not communicating kneeling at Easter ; and, on 24th June, 1619, the 
Lords of the Privy Council, by command of the king, called Sir James 
Skene of Curriehill before them, and verie straitlie layed to his charge his 
disobedience to his Majestie's command and direction in not communi- 
cating with the rest of his Majesty's Council and Session in the kirk of 
Edinburgh, at Easter last, and for going to ane other kirk," &c. He 
pleaded that in that week he was Ordinar in the Utter house, and engaged 
on Saturday in examining witnesses, &c, which had prevented his 
attending the preparation sermon ; and he denied attending ane other 
kirk. The proceedings are printed in the appendix. It was generally 
understood that he was influenced by his wife, who was of a Puritan 
family. 

On 14th February, 1626, he was promoted to the chair of President 
of the Court of Session ; and, on 2nd January, 1630, he was created a 
baronet by patent to himself and his heirs male whomsoever, which is 
recorded in the Register of Signatures on 26th January, 1630. 

Sir James Skene married, on 7th December, 1603, Janet Johnston, 
daughter of Sir John Johnston of Hilton and Sheen, by whom he had 
eight sons, of whom two only survived, the rest having died young ; and 
three daughters who were married. His sons were, as appears from the 
Session Registers — 

Q 



114 SKENE OF CURRIEHILL. 

I. John Skene, baptised 24th April, 1608 ; died young. 
II. John Skene, afterwards Sir John Skene of Curriehill, Baronet, 
baptised 21st October, 1610. 

III. James Skene, baptised 20th April, 161 5 ; died young. 

IV. William Skene, baptised 10th October, 1616 ; died young. 

V. Thomas Skene, afterwards Sir Thomas, baptised 25th June, 1618. 
VI. William Skene, baptised 19th December, 1620; died young. 
VII. James Skene, baptised nth June, 1621; died young. 
VIII. Samuel Skene, baptised 25th March, 1624; died young. 
His daughters were — 

I. Rachel Skene, baptised 16th February, 16 12, married Sir Archi- 
bald Douglas of Cavers. 
II. Euphame Skene, baptised 9th March, 161 3, married Sir Archibald 
Inglis of Ingliston. 
III. Helen Skene, baptised 24th October, 1619 ; married, first, Sir 
Robert Bruce of Broomhall, Lord of Session (and by him was 
mother of Sir Alexander Bruce, who succeeded as 4th Earl of 
Kincardine) ; secondly, the Honourable Sir Charles Erskine of 
Alva, fifth son of John, seventh Earl of Mar ; and thirdly, Sir 
James Dundas of Arniston, one of the Lords of Session. 
Sir James Skene died on 25th October, 1633, when his death is thus 
recorded by Sir James Balfour, in his Annals : — 20th October, 1633, dyed 
Sir James Skene of Curriehill, Knight and Baronet, President of the 
College of Justice, interred in the Greyfriars. He died, however, on 16th, 
and was buried on 20th October. 

The testament testamentar of umquhile Sir James Skene of Curriehill, 
Knicht Barronet, President of our soverane Lordis College of Justice, who 
died on the 16th October, 1633, was given up by himself on 4th October, 
1633, as concerns the nomination of his executors, legacies and debts, 
and by dame Jonet Johnstone, his relict, in name and behalf of Thomas 
and Helen Skenes bairnes lawful to the defunct, so far as concerns the 
inventory of his guids and gejr, quhilk bairnes are onlie executor testa- 
mentaris nominat to their said umquhile father in this latter will. By 
his latter will he desires his body to be buried " in the kirk called the 
Grayfreir kirk, besyde the sepulcher of my umquhile father," and he 
nominates his said children, Thomas and Helen, his only executors. It is 



SKENE OF CURRIEHILL. I I 5 

dated at Edinburgh, 4th October, 1633, and is witnessed by Sir Samuel 
Johnstone of Slains, advocate, and Mr. Archibald Johnstone. Confirma- 
tion dated 21st November, 1633. 

His monument is on the outside of old Greyfriars Church, and bears 

the arms of Skene of Curriehill, and the following inscription : — 

HIC CITVS EST HONORABILIS VIR DNS 

JACOBVS SKENE DE CVRRIHILL MILES ET 

BARONETA AC PRECES COLLEGII 

IVSTITI/E QVI OBIIT 15 DIE MENSIS 

OCTOBRIS ANNO DNI 1633 

/ETATIS SWE 54 



III. — Sir John Skene of Curriehill, Baronet. 

On 16th December, 1636, he served heir to his father in the lands of 
Hill, commonly called Curriehill, in the Bailliry of Balernoke, in which 
he is styled " Dominus Joannes Skene de Curriehill hreres legitimus et 
propinquior haeres dicti quondam domini Jacobi Skene de Curriehill 
militis Baroneta: sui Patris"; and, in December of the same year, there is 
a disposition by Sir John Skene of Curriehill, Knight, Baronet, of the 
lands of Curriehill, in favour of Mr. Samuel Johnstone. 

Sir John married Rachel Spiers, and after he sold the estate " he 
levied a regiment of men upon his own charges, and went to Germany 
and died there, leaving no children" (MS.B). 

" Sir John Skene of Curriehill, who married Rachel Spiers, by whom 
he had only one son, who died in infancy. He afterwards raised a 
regiment of foot upon his own charges, with whom he went to Germany, 
where he died without surviving issue" (MS.D). 



IV. — Sir Thomas Skene, Baronet. 

" The President's second son died unmarried " (MS.B). 

" Sir John of Curriehill had Sir James of Curriehill, who was Presi- 
dent of the Session, and had Sir John and Sir Thomas, who dyed 
without issue" (MS.C); "and in him ended the whole male line of Sir 



n6 



SKENE OF CURRIEHILL. 



James Skene, eldest son of the Lord Register. The representation, 
therefore, devolved upon the descendants of his uncle, Mr. John of Hal- 
yards before mentioned " (MS.D). 




Arms 0/ Sir James Skene of Curriehiii, from a Stone in Creyfriars Churchyard, Edinburgh. 



■ 



_lrffl ■ MBI 



> WS .•••vf4-\ 







. 




SKENE OF HALYARDS IN MIDLOTHIAN. 



I.— Mr. John Skene, 

second son of Sir John Skene of Curriehill, Lord Register. " He being 
also a man of great knowledge in our laws, was appointed Clerk of the 
Bills, and one of the principal Clerks of Session." 

On 5th March, 1614, Sir James Skene, on becoming a Lord of 
Session, resigned the Clerkship of the Bills to him. 

" He afterwards acquired the lands and barony of Halyards, in 
Lothian, which became the chief title of his family" (MS.D). 

There is a charter under the great seal, " Magistro Johanni Skeen de 
Halyards uni Clericorum Collegii Justitiae terrarum Baroniae de Hal- 
yards, &c," dated 24th March, 1650. " This was part of the ancient 
lordship of Liston, in the parish of Newliston, the original domain of the 
knights templars, afterwards of the lordship of St. John of Jerusalem " 
(MS.E). 

He must have been a person of some accomplishment, as he is 
undoubtedly the author of the MS. collection of old Scottish airs, which 
has been printed by the Bannatyne Club, under the title of the Skene 
MS. It is supposed to have been written between 1615 and 1620, and at 
the end of the first part are the words, " Finis quod Skine," written in a 
hand which bears a strong resemblance to many specimens of his which 
have been preserved. The names " Magister Johannes Skeine," and 
" Magister Johannes Skeine, his book," appear on two of the fly-leaves. 
The editor adds, " the work bears internal evidence of its having been 
got up by a person of taste and judgment, exhibiting occasionally a 
simplicity, a beauty, and even a degree of elegance which, from anything 
we have seen of the productions of that age, we could scarcely have 
expected" (p. 15). 



I IS SKENE OK HALYARDS IN MIDLOTHIAN. 

Mr. John Skene married, on 29th June, 1603, Alison Rigg, sister to 
William Rigg of Athernie, merchant burgess. Their contract of 
marriage, dated 4th June, 1603, is among the Curriehill papers. 

By her he had three sons and six daughters — 

I. John Skene, who succeeded him. 

II. James Skene, born 17th April, 1622 ; and 

III. Alexander Skene, born 20th May, 1625, who both appear to have 

died young. 

IV. Helen Skene, born 9th May, 1605, married John Coupar of Gogar. 
V. Margaret Skene married William Fairlie of Bruntsfield. 

VI. Katharine Skene married Sir William Murray of Hermiston, 
second son of Patrick, first Lord Elibank. 
VII. Jean Skccn married Sir Alexander Belches of Tofts, one of the 
Senators of the College of Justice. 
VIII. Janet Skene, born 5th December, 1618, married, first, Major 
Home of Carlensyde ; and secondly, William Row. 

IX. Alison Skene died unmarried. 
Mr. John Skene of Halyards died in December, 1644. His will is 
here given, as a specimen of the language used in wills at that time : — 
" I, Mr. John Skene of Halyards, one of the ordinar Clerks of Sessione, 
knawing nothing to be more certain nor death, the manner, time, and 
place to be most uncertain, mak my Testament and latter will as after 
followes. I thank my God and Jesus Christ for his manifold mercies 
towards me, but above all, for that great work of my redemptione, pur- 
chased to me in the blood of Jesus Christ, his onlie son, my Lord and 
Saviour, of whom onlie depends the salvatione of my soull. I mak, 
nominat, and constitute Mr. John Skene my onlie executor and universall 
legatour and intromitter, for his owne use, with my haill goods, gcir, 
debts, soumes of money, and other moveabills perteining to me, the tyme 
of my deceis, quhan it sail be at the pleasure of God ; and I leave, 
assigne, and dispone my haill moveabill goods, soumes of money, to him 
with my blessing, perteining to me at the tyme of my deceis, and leaves 
the samyne in universall legacie to him, and maks him universall legator 
thereof, secluding all others, with power to him to intromitt therewith, 
use, and dispone thereupon at his pleasure, and to give up inventory, 
confirm this my testament. Item — I leave the soume of 300 merks to 
the poor of this burgh of Edinburgh. Item — I leave the soume of 
other 300 merks to the poor of the kirk and parish of Kirkliston, to help 



SKENE OF HALYARDS IN MIDLOTHIAN. 119 

to be one stock for maintenance of the poor, to be employed at the 
sight of the gentlemen and minister, and kirk-session thereof. I leave 
to William Somerville, my servant, .£100, and ordain my said executor 
to pay the said legacies within one half year after my decease. In 
witness whereof, I have written and subscribed these presents with my 
hand, at Edinburgh, the 26th day of April, 1641. Sic subscribitur Mr. 
John Skene, with my hand." 

II.— Mr. John Skene of Halyards 

succeeded his father in 1644. 

"The said Mr. John's eldest son, Mr. John Skene of Halyards, 
married Mary Ker, daughter to Ker of Mersingtone, who had 

two sons and two daughters" (MS.B). 

Her marriage took place on 14th October, 1641, and she was daughter 
of James Ker of Mersington. 

The sons were — 

I. John Skene, who succeeded him. 

II. Thomas Skene, who was an advocate, and married, on 6th April, 
1677, Beatrix Hepburn, daughter of the Laird of Brunston, by 
whom he had three sons and two daughters — • 

1. Charles Skene, born 1st December, 1681, a sailor. Is mentioned, 

in 1 7 14, as on board a third-rate man-of-war. 

2. Francis Skene, born 5th September, 16S4, an officer in the Royal 

Fusiliers, served in America, in 1737, where he died. 

3. James Skene, mentioned in 1734. 

4. Elizabeth Skene, born 25th May, 1678. 

5. Catherine Skene, born 20th November, 1680. 

Thomas Skene died in November, 1700, and, on 14th 
November, 1701, this testament dative and inventory is given 
up by Beatrix Hepburn, his relict, as only executrix dative, in 
virtue of the contract of marriage, dated 6th April, 1677, and in 
consideration of a decreet obtained by him on 16th August, 1701, 
against Charles, Francis, James, Elizabeth, and Katharine Skene, 
lawful children to the said deceased Mr. Thomas. 
III. Alison Skene "married Mr. Alexander Swinton, Lord Mersington" 
(MS.B). One daughter of this marriage, Mary, married Brig.- 
Gen. Bruce of Kennet, and another daughter, Helen Swinton, 



< 



120 SKENE OF HALYARDS IN MIDLOTHIAN. 

married Colonel Charteris of Amisfield, and was mother of an 
only child, Janet, wife of James, 4th Earl of Wemyss. 
IV. Helen Skene married Hugh Brown, apothecary chirurgeon of 
Edinburgh (MS.B). 
On 31st July, 1666, there is a disposition by Mr. John Skene of 
Halyards, with consent of Mary Ker, his spouse, to John Skene, his 
eldest lawful son, of the lands of Halyards, with the principal messuage 
and manor place thereof, in the barony of Listoune and shire of 
Edinburgh. 

He died before 1669, and was succeeded by his eldest son. 

III.— John Skene of Halyards. 

There is, 22nd December, 1669, a renunciation by George Drummond 
of Carlowrie, in favour of John Skene, now of Halyards, of the lands and 
barony of Halyards, in the parish of Kirkliston, and shire of Edinburgh, 
held in reversion for the sum of 2500 merks, contained in bond of date 
2nd December, 1664, granted by the deceased Mr. John Skene of Hal- 
yards, with consent of Marie Ker, his spouse, and the said John Skene, 
now of Halyards, designed in said bond their eldest lawful son and 
apparent heir. 

John Skene originally studied law with Mr. David Wilson, writer, in 
Edinburgh, to whom he was bound apprentice in 1662, but afterwards 
entered the army, and is styled major in Sir William Douglas' regiment 
in 1688. 

He married Janet Drummond, daughter to Drummond of Carlowrie, 
and had by her four sons and five daughters — 

I. John Skene, born 16th February, 1675. He was an ensign in 
Lord Lindsay's regiment, and " was murdered by a Frenchman, 
by stabbing him in the heart, after the said ensign Skene's sword 
was broken, for which the said Frenchman was condemned, by a 
Council of War, to be shot to death in the Links of Leith, who 
thereafter got his pardon by the moyen of Sir Thomas Living- 
stoun, but was banished Scotland by the Privy Council, by the 
intent of his relations and friends. He (Ensign John) was not 
married " (MS.B). The duel took place at Kirkaldy in 1696. 
II. George Skene, who succeeded his father. 
III. Charles Skene, born 28th November, 1682, went to Virginia as a 
merchant, in 1704, and was never heard of again. 



SKENE OF HALYARDS IN MIDLOTHIAN. 121 

IV. Hugh Skene, born 3rd April, 1617, was ensign in General Lauder's 
regiment, and married in Holland Petronella van Sorgen. He 
died in garrison at Tournay, on 25th July, 1724, and had by her 
two sons — 

1. John Skene died at the age of 4, on 23rd February, 1726. 

2. Dromondus Skene died at the age of 5, on 6th December, 1727. 
V. Eupham Skene married Mr. John Wilkie, minister of the gospel 

at Uphall. 
VI. Janet Skene married Robert Kincaid of Over Gogar Mains. 
VII. Helen Skene died unmarried. 

VIII. Elizabeth Skene married the Rev. William Russell. 
IX. Beatrice Skene died unmarried. 
" John Skene having entered into some unsuccessful speculations with 
his brother-in-law, Drummond of Carlowrie, both became insolvent about 
the year 1680" (MS.E). His estate was eventually evicted from him in 
the year 1694, and was purchased, at a judicial sale carried on before the 
Lords of Session by his creditors, by his brother, Thomas, who resold it 
in 1696 to Mr. Marjoribanks. 

"It was sold to his brother for the sum of 36,446 merks, and resold 
to Mr. Edward Marjoribanks, merchant, in Edinburgh, for 44,000 merks." 
The decreet of sale is dated in 1696. 
John Skene died in 17 17. 

"27th February, 1717, John Skene of Halyards, buried the 27th, 2 
foot north Swintons, rough ston, aged ." 

IV— George Skene, 

eldest surviving son of John Skene of Halyards, was a lieutenant in the 
Fusiliers, which was Brigadier Row's regiment. 

He married Elizabeth Currie, and had by her two children — 

I. John Skene. 

II. Elizabeth Skene. 

He was wounded at the battle of Hochstedt, of which he died in 
1733, and in 26th February, 1744, the testament dative of the deceased 
Lieutenant George Skene of the royal regiment of Scots Fusiliers, who 
died at Bath, 6th June, 1733, is given up by Elizabeth Skene, his daugh- 
ter, with consent of Elizabeth Skene, alias Currie, his relict, as his 
curatrix. 

K 



122 SKENE OF HALYARDS IN MIDLOTHIAN. 

V.— John Skene. 

On 2nd February, 1756, the testament dative of the deceased 
John Skene, only lawful son of Lieutenant George Skene of the royal 
regiment of Scots Fusiliers, who died in the Canongate, nth March, 
1737, gyven up by Elizabeth Skene, only child, in life, of Lieutenant 
George Skene, decerned executrix dative to the deceased John Skene, 
her brother-german ; and with him died the last male descendant of Sir 
John Skene of Curriehill. 

On 22nd December, 1787, his sister, Elizabeth Skene, laid before the 
Faculty of Advocates a petition praying for some help, as the great- 
great-grand-daughtcr of Sir John Skene of Curriehill, who was the 
Lord-Advocate in the year 1592, and received from them a pension of 
£10. "She had likewise a pension of £20 a-year from Government. 
After reaching an advanced age she died unmarried, and on 18th 
January, 1796, the Faculty, on a representation by Mr. Russell, of 
Selkirk, nearest relation of Mrs. Elizabeth Skene, lately deceased, 
defrayed the expenses of her funeral. 




Arms of Skene of Halyards In Lothian, from the MS. of Sir David Lindsay the Younger 
(styled in error, Skene of Skene). 



SKENE OF BELHELVIE. 



I. — Robert Skene, 



son of James Skene, in Bandodle, afterwards of Westercorse, first 
appears in the Council Register of Aberdeen, on 23rd January, 
1567, when he constitutes Mr. William Davidson his procurator, 
in all his actionis and caussis, and specialie agains Patrik Mamwir; and 
on 1st October, 1571, he is admitted a burgess of Aberdeen. 

In 1572 he appears among the absentes in the burgess roll: his 
reason being that he had now settled in Belhelvie. This appears from 
an entry in the Council Register, on 9th March, 1572, when the magis- 
trates give a decreet against Patrick Mamvir, for a debt due to Robert 
Skeyne in Bahelvie, payable either to him or to Andrew Skeyne in 
Aberdeen, who we have seen was his brother. 

The parish of Belhelvie consists of — 1st, the barony of Belhelvie, 
possessed at this time by the family of Glammes, and afterwards by that 
of Panmure. 2nd, a few separate properties, as Many, Colpnay, Pettens, 
and Westbourne belonging to the town, Blairtoun and Hophill, and the 
Kirktown of Belhelvie. The barony is the southern part of the parish, 
and extends to a small stream at Eggie. Through the centre of the 
barony a stream flows through a ravine past the present Belhelvie 
Lodge. It rises in the farm of Craigies, and passes through Whytecairns, 
Overhill, Old Overtown, Upper Potterton, Mylne of Potterton, and 
Mylneden, where it falls into the sea, and south of Mylneden, along the 
shore, were the farms of Fife and Blackdog. These farms, with the 
exception of Craigies, were the possessions of the Skenes in Belhelvie. 
The Mylne of Potterton, with Overhill and Old Overtown, was then 
known as the Over Mylne, and Mylneden as the Nether Mylne. 



124 SKENE OF BELHELVIE. 

Robert Skene possessed the former. He was twice married, 1st, to a 
daughter of David /Edie, merchant, burgess of Aberdeen, by his wife 
Isobel Forbes, by whom he had — 

I. Robert Skene, who went to Poland, and in 1593 was made a 
burgess of Posen. The following entry appears in that year 
in the records of the town of Posen — " Significamus tenore 
picscntium quibus expedit, quod coram nobis, Proconsule, 
Advocato, Scabiciis totaque Communitate Civitatis nostra suae 
Regiae Majcstatis Posnaniensis pcrsonalitcr comparens 

Nobilis Robcrtus Skin, Scoticc Skene, vocatus, 
annorum circiter 43 habens, supplicavit nos, ut eum ad communi- 
tatem nostrae civitatis Posnaniensis cum omnibus juribus, quibus 
alii concivcs et incohie ejusdcm civitatis gaudere agnosccremur. 
Nos petitioni ejusdcm nobilis Skin (Skene) annuentes, ejusdcm 
authoritatc nostra ad communitatem aliorum Incolarum nostra; 
civitatis Posnaniensis associamus dando et concedendo eidem 
omnibus privilegiis juribusque civitati nostra; scrvicntibus a die 
hodicrna uti frui et pro semper gaudere." 
(sequuntur subscriptiones.) 

II. Gilbert Skene. There is a decreet against Gilbert Skene, in Over- 
hill, for a spulzie committed in 1584. He is again mentioned as 
in Overhill in 1597, with Robert Skene, his son, and likewise in 
1602. 

He appears to have married Marjory Rolland, and to have had 
two sons, Andrew Skene and Robert Skene, as we find the half 
lands of Overhill occupied, in 1602, by Andrew Skene and 
Marjory Rolland, his mother, and a fourth part by Robert Skene. 

In 1603 we find Robert Skene in Overtown of Belhelvic, and 
Andrew Skene, another son, we find, 1609, in Overhill of 
Relhelvic. 

III. David Skene appears to have gone as a young man to Poland, 
and was admitted burgess of Posen in 1586. 

" Actum feria sexta post festam Sancti Bartholomsi Apostoli 
Anno 1586 David Skin Scotus jus civile suscepit die et anno 
quibus infra" (Extractum ex libro Albo civitatis Posnaniensis). 



SKENE OF BELHELVIE. I 25 

He returned, however, as early as 1593 to Belhelvie, as in 
nth June, 1597, there is a horning against David Skene at the 
Mylne of Potterton, on a bond, dated at Aberdeen, 7th June, 
1 593, and served personalie upon him at his dwalland place of 
the Mylne of Potterton in the end of 1596. 

In 1606 there is a bond by David Skene, at the Mylne of 
Potterton, as principal, and Robert Skene and Andrew Skene, 
in Townhill of Belhelvie, as cautioners. 

David Skene was twice married : first to Udnye's sister, by 
whom he had — 

1. Thomas Skene, mentioned in Potterton, in 1623, with a house. 

He was an elder of the Church of Belhelvie from 1623 to 
to 1632, and again from 1643 to 1645, when he was returned 
as ruling elder to the Presbytery. 

In 1629, on the failure of the sons of Gilbert Skene in 
Overhill, he succeeded to the possessions of Overhill and 
Overtown, and in 1638 we find him in Milnden. He 
married Sara Leask, a daughter of William Leask of Leask 
and Isabell Ogilvy, his wife, by whom he had — 

/. Robert Skene, born in Potterton, in 1621. He was ancestor 
of the Skenes of Rubislaw. 

2. John Skene, born there in 1628. 

j. Hew Skene, born in Overhill in 1631. 

4. A son, born in Old Overton in 1632. 

5. Alexander Skene, born in Old Overton in 1636. 

6. Anna Skene, married in 1639 to Alexander Forbes in 

Foveran, Thomas Skene, in Milnden, her father. 

2. David Skene, second son of David Skene at Mylne of Potterton, 

went to Poland and became a merchant in Zamoski. He 
married Margaret Chalmers, daughter of Robert Chalmers, 
merchant, Dantzig, and had two sons and one daughter — 

/. George Skene, born in Zamoski 17th September, 1644. 

2. Alexander Skene, birth not recorded. 

j. Katharine Skene, born in Zamoski 3rd October, 1646, 
married David Adie of Newark. 



126 SKENE OF BELHELVIE. 

David Skene at the Mylne of Potterton married a second time 
in 20th August, 1606, Claris Seaton, by whom he had one son 
and two daughters — 

3. George Skene, afterwards Sir George Skene of Rubislaw. 

4. Jeane Skene, married 8th May, 1637, to Alexander Clarke, son 

to William Clarke in Haltoun. 

5. Marjory Skene married, 8th July, 1627, Alexander Hay in 

Foveran. 

IV. John Skene, fourth son of Robert Skene in Belhelvie, appears, on 
9th July, 1 595, in Potterton, and on 12th March, 1598, in Whyte- 
cairns. He is last mentioned in 1599, and appears to have died 
without issue. 

V. Thomas Skene is mentioned in the Privy Council Records as 
tenant, on 16th February, 1601, of Whytecairns, along with 
Gilbert Skene of Overhill, Robert Skene, his son, and David 
Skene, at the Mylne of Potterton. He is ancestor of the Skenes. 
of Blackdog, &c. 

VI. Violet Skene married, in 1602, John Forbes. 

Robert Skene, in Belhelvie, married, secondly, on 6th July, 1574, at 
Forbes, Margrett Forbes, and had by her one son and one daughter — 

VII. James Skene, who became servitor to Sir John Skene of Curriehill. 
He received numerous grants of escheat in the Privy Seal 
Records, and in one on 6th July, 1597, he is termed "James 
Skene, son to umquhile Robert Skene of Overmylne." In 
another, on 10th March, 1598, he is termed "James Skene, 
lawfull sone to umquhile Robert Skene, burgess of Aberdeen." 
On 20th June, 1599, he witnesses a deed by Mr. John Skene, 
Clerk Register, in which he is designed " brother sone to the said 
Sir John Skene ;" on 27th January, 1604, he is decerned 
executor, as brother sone to Dr. Gilbert Skene, Sir John's 
brother; and again on 16th June, 1617, Robert and Janet Skenes 
are mentioned as " brether bairnes to the defunct" Dr. Gilbert 
Skene. He died in October, 165 1, having married Jean Hamil- 
ton, and had by her — 



SKENE OF BELHELVIE. 127 

1. Jean Skene, born 12th January, 1626. 

2. James Skene, born 24th March, 1628. 

1652. Testament dative of umquhile James Skene, writer in 
Edinburgh, who died in October, 165 1, given up by James Skene, 
younger, sone lawful to the said umquhile defunct. 

James Skene, younger, writer in Edinburgh, died before 1673, 
when we find, in the Curriehill papers, a bond, by John Skene 
of Halyards, to John Skene, sone to the deceased James Skene, 
younger, writer in Edinburgh ; but with this notice we lose 
all farther trace of his descendants. 

VIII. Janet Skene. 

Robert Skene, in Belhelvie, died before the year 1 597, and probably 
in the year 1593, as in that year we find a change taking place in the 
position of his family. Robert becomes a burgess of Posen in that year, 
and David returns from Poland, and becomes permanent occupier of the 
Overmylne, or Mylne of Potterton. 



II.— Thomas Skene, 

the youngest son by the first marriage, appears to have succeeded his 
brother John in the occupation of Whytccairns. The notices of this 
family are somewhat scanty, and are mainly derived from the parish 
records of Belhelvie. He seems to have been succeeded by 



III.— Gilbert Skene, 

probably his son. In 1624 we find the marriage of Gilbert Skene and 
Margaret Smyth ; and in 1626 we riave mention of Gilbert Skene in 
Whytecaims. His successor was 



IV. — Patrick Skene 

in Whytecairns, who died in the year 1704, leaving three sons- 
I. James Skene. 



2S SKENE OF BELHELVIE. 

II. Andrew Skene in Whytecairns, married on 8th July, 1704, Eliza- 
beth Perry (James Skene, cautioner for the man), and had a 
daughter, Margaret, and a son, John, born 12th April, 17 10. 
III. Patrick Skene settled in Old Aberdeen, and married in 17th June, 
1 70 1, Elspeth Rhind, heiress of Thomas Rhind, merchant, by 
whom he had — 

1. George Skene, born in 1706. 

2. Thomas Skene, born 13th January, 17 13. In 1774 Thomas 

Skene, merchant, Old Aberdeen, only living son of Peter 
Skene, merchant there, and Elspeth Rhind, served heir to 
his mother. He was one of the magistrates of Old Aberdeen, 
and was well known as Baillie Skene of the Auldtown. 
He died without issue in 1797. 



V. — James Skene 

removed, in 1707, to the farm of Blackdog, leaving Whytecairns to his 
brother Andrew. He had the following children : — 

I. Patrick Skene, born in Whytecairns 9th July, 1699. 
II. Alexander Skene, born in Whytecairns 16th March, 1701, died in 
April, 1703. 

III. Isobell Skene, born in Whytecairns 8th April, 1703. 

IV. Thomas Skene, born in Blackdog 16th October, 1707. 
V. Jean Skene, born in Blackdog 22nd November, 1709. 

VI. Margaret Skene, born in Blackdog 25th May, 17 12. 
VII. Elizabeth Skene, born in Blackdog 24th October, 1714. 



VI.— Patrick Skene 
in Blackdog, was succeeded by his son. 



VII. — Thomas Skene 
in Blackdog, had two sons — 



SKENE OF BELHELVIE. 129 

I. Thomas Skene. 
II. Alexander Skene, an officer in the army, who married Katharine 
Anderson, daughter of John Anderson, farmer, Slains, and had 
two sons and one daughter — 

1. Thomas Skene, who died. 

2. Alexander Skene, who settled in Australia. 

3. Margaret Skene married George Auldjo Esson, accountant in 

bankruptcy, Edinburgh. 

He married, 2ndly, Margaret Auldjo, daughter of George 
Auldjo of Portlethen ; and died 21st May, 1865. 

VIII.— Thomas Skene 

removed to the adjacent farm of Fyfe, and married Elspett Browne, by 
whom he had a large family. 

I. Thomas Skene married Mary Gilderoy, and had by her — 

1. Isabella Skene. 

2. Thomas Alexander Skene, grain merchant. 

II. David Skene in Langseat, married Mill, and had by her — 

1. Ann Skene. 

2. Thomas Skene settled in Australia. 

3. Elspett Skene. 

4. Margaret Skene. 

5. Eliza Skene. 

III. Alexander Skene, farmer in Fife. 

IV. William Skene went, in 1839, to Australia, and became a member 

of the firm of W. Robertson & Sons. In 1850 he dissolved 
partnership, and became the proprietor of an estate near Hamil- 
ton, which has since borne his name. In 1870 he was returned 
as a member of the Legislative Council, by the electors of the 
western province. 

He married Jane Robertson, and died in March, 1877, leaving 
the following children : — 



130 SKENE OF 15ELHELVIE. 

i. Thomas Skene. 

2. Jane Catharine Skene. 

3. William Robertson Skene. 

4. Margaret Skene. 

5. David Skene. 

V. Jane Skene married John Crawford of Tarbathill. 
VI. Eliza Skene married John Jenkins. 

VII. Laurence Skene, bank agent in Portree, married Jane Tolmie, and 
died, leaving four sons and two daughters. 
Thomas Skene is now dead. 






■ 
■ - 







SKENE OF RUBISLAW. 



I. — George Skene, 



son of David Skene, at the Mylne of Potterton, by Claris Seaton, his 
second wife, afterwards Sir George Skene of Wester Fintray and Rubis- 
law, was born in the year 1619. 

" His father and mother dying poor, David Skene, merchant, 
in Poland, his elder brother, by the father's side, brought him over 
to Poland, and bound him apprentice to Mr. George Adie, then 
merchant in Dantzick, where he learnt his trade, by which he acquired a 
handsome fortune there, and returned with it to Scotland. Purchased 
the lands of Wester Fintray and Robeslaw, &c, and was made Provost 
of Aberdeen, which he kept for 9 years, before the Revolution. As 
Provost Skene never married himself, and his elder brother, David, and 
his wife dying poor in Poland, he sent for his two sons and the daughter, 
and brought them to Scotland, and put the eldest son, George, in fee of 
his estate of Wester Fintray under redemption, and married the 
daughter, Katharine, to David Adie, eldest son of Mr. George Adie, his 
old master. His nephews, George and Alexander, turned out quite pro- 
fligate and debauched, and to supply their extravagances broke open Sir 
George's cabinet and robbed him, which, with their other conduct, so 
disobliged him at them that he redeemed the lands of Wester Fintray, 
and disinherited them, and they both went abroad and never returned, 
and he then settled the lands of Fintray upon David Adie's daughter, 
Giles, when she was married to the Laird of Skene, and the heirs male of 
that marriage. Sir George Skene was born An. 1619, and died in April, 
1707, aged 88" (MS.D). 

This account is substantially correct. His father died in 163 1, when 
George was twelve years old. He was in Dantzig till about the year 
1665, when he returned to Aberdeen. 



132 SKENE OF RUBISLAW. 

In 1666 he purchased the lands of Wester Fintray, in which he was 
infeft 9th July, 1666. On 17th September, 1668, he granted a charter 
of these lands in favour of his nephew, George Skene, eldest son of 
the deceased David Skene, merchant, burgess of Zamoski, in the king- 
dom of Poland, and to the heirs male of his body ; whom failing, to 
Alexander Skene, younger son of the said David, and the heirs male of 
his body ; whom failing, to George Skene, eldest son of Robert Skene, 
sometime treasurer of Aberdeen, and the heirs male of his body ; whom 
all failing, to John Skene of that Ilk, and his heirs and assignees 
whomsoever, bearing the surname and arms of Skene. The contract of 
marriage, dated 8th February, 1690, by which Sir George narrates his 
having redeemed the lands of Wester Fintray, and settles them upon 
Giles Adie on her marriage with Alexander Skene of Skene, has already 
been quoted in the notice of that family. 

On 9th April, 1669, he obtained a disposition from Andrew Skene of 
Ruthrieston and Robert Skene, Junior, his eldest son, of certain tene- 
ments of land in the Guestrow of Aberdeen. 

In 1676 George Skene became Provost of Aberdeen, which office he 
held till the year 16S5. In 1678, 1681 and 16S5 he was sent by the town 
as commissioner to Parliament. In 1681, when James, Duke of York, 
came to Scotland, George Skene, with David Adie late Baillie, was sent 
by the Council to Edinburgh to wait upon His Royal Highness in name 
of the town, and to entreat his favour in what may concern the same ; 
on which occasion he received the honour of knighthood. In 1685, the 
Provost presented to the King an address on his accession to the throne, 
as James the Second. 

In 1687 Sir George Skene acquired the lands of Rubislaw, by adjudica- 
tion, from the Forbeses of Rubislaw. They were conveyed to "Sir George 
Skene of Fintray, knight, late Provost of Aberdeen, in liferent, during 
all the days of his lifetime, and to George Adie, lawful son to David 
Adie, of Newark, late Baillie of Aberdeen, procreat betwixt him and 
Catherine Skene his spouse, his heirs male, and assignees therein specified, 
in fee, heritably and irredeemably, but under reversion, redemption, or 
regress, conform to the letter of disposition, granted hereanent, of the 
date of the 29th October, 1687 years." 

The lands were redeemed by an instrument of consignation and 
redemption, in 1706, by Sir George Skene, against George Adie, in virtue 




Sir G-eor&e Sk^ertc's House. Gucsfrot»:>i./>erc/ef>>-i, 



SKENE OF RUBISLAW. 133 

of the power received in the disposition to alter the destination upon 
consignation of a certain sum; and by disposition, dated 13th December, 
1706, Sir George Skene conveys the lands of Rubislaw to himself in 
liferent, and to Mr. George Skene, his grand-nephew, one of the Regents 
of King's College, in fee, and to the heirs male of his body ; burdened 
with the sum of 14,000 merks, to be paid to Mr. David Adie, and an 
obligation upon all heirs or singular successors succeeding to or endowing 
the said lands, to bear the proper arms and cognisance of Sir George 
Skene, and to assume the surname of Skene. 

The arms, recorded some thirty years earlier in the Lyon Register, 
are : " Gules a chevron argent betwixt three skens of the second hefted 
and pomelld or, surmounted of als many woolfs heads couped of the 
third tusked proper." Crest : " A dexter hand issuing out of ane cloud 
reaching a garland of Lawrell fructuated." Motto : " Gratis a Deo data." 

On 24th March, 1707, Sir George Skene executed a will, nominating 
Mr. George Skene, Regent, his executor and universal legator, and died 
in the following April, and his death, with that of his nephew, Robert 
Skene, is thus inscribed in the burial place of the Rubislaw family in 
St. Nicholas Churchyard : 

hlc iacent cineres dni 
Georgii Skene a Fintrav et 
robslaw militis novem quondam 
annis pr/epositi abd qui obiit 9 
aprilis 1707 ^tatis 88 
ac etiam roberti skene mercatoris 
sui nepotis qui obiit 30 octobris 

1693 ^TATIS 72. 
This Robert Skene was eldest son of Thomas Skene, who was 
eldest son of David Skene, at Mylne of Potterton, and half-brother of 
Sir George. On 1st April, 1662, Robertus Skene mercator filius legitimus 
quondam Thomas Skene de Belhelvie is admitted a burgess of Aberdeen. 
He became treasurer of the town of Aberdeen, and married Janet 
JafFray, daughter of John Jaffray of Delspro, Provost of Aberdeen, by 
whom he had — 

I. Janet Skene, baptised 9th May, 1665 ; married, 27th January, 
1694, George Gordon, son of Alexander Gordon, Provost of 
Aberdeen. 
II. George Skene, baptised 24th June, 1666. 



134 SKENE OF RUBISLAW. 



II.— Mr. George Skene of Rubislaw— 1707-1708, 

at the time he succeeded to the estate, in 1707, was Professor of 
Philosophy and Regent of King's College, Aberdeen, an office which he 
had held since 1686. "His stipend, as Professor of Philosophy, was ^175 
Scots, 1 5 bolls of bear, and 9 bolls of meal. The ancient mansion which 
he inhabited in Old Aberdeen, opposite the College, was taken down in 
1 8 16. He married his cousin, Catharine Adie, and had a numerous family. 
Tradition reports his having been visited, a year after his marriage, by 
three heavy misfortunes at the same time. A careless nurse overlaid his 
eldest son, by which the infant was smothered; the woman fled in the 
middle of the night and never more heard of. His house was consumed 
by fire, and the family obliged to take shelter with their neighbours. The 
third misfortune I do not recollect" (MS.E). 

He had by Catherine Adie, daughter of David Adie of Newark, his 
wife, the following children: — 

I. George Skene, who succeeded him. 

II. Robert Skene died unmarried in March 1709. 

III. Janet Skene married John Anderson, Professor in Marischal 

College. 

IV. Katherine Skene married Alexander Thomson, advocate, in 

Aberdeen, and died 4th March, 1776, aged 73. 
V. Margaret Skene married Thomas Finnie of Wellbrae. 
He died at Rubislaw on 12th December, 1708, having possessed the 
estate only one year. 

His death, and that of his wife, are thus recorded on the tombstone, 
after that of his father, Robert : — 

NECNON M ri 
Georgii Skene de Robslaw huius 
filii qui fatis decessit 12 de 
cembris 1708 .-etatis 4 1 

ET Catharin.-e /EDIE SUM CONIU 
CIS QU.E OBIIT 7 SEPTEMBRIS 173S 
/ETATIS 59 



SKENE OF RUBISLAW. 1 35 



III. — George Skene of Rubislaw — 1709-1757, 

served heir to his father, Mr. George Skene, Regent of King's College, 
and likewise to his great-grand-uncle, Sir George Skene, both on 1 2th 
February, 1709. The evidence taken in the latter service proves the 
descent from David Skene of Mylne of Potterton as well as the family 
of the latter. 

" He married Helen Thomson, daughter to Portlethen, and step- 
daughter to his mother, Catharine Adie. They were ten years married 
without having any children, after which they had a daughter, Helen 
Skene, to whom, as the estate was a male fee, it could not have descended, 
so that her father executed a deed in her favour for 80,000 merks of 
provision. As a son was afterwards born, of the name of George, this 
precaution became unnecessary, and her provision was limited to 10,000 
merks. She married, in 1753, James Duff, advocate, in Aberdeen, 
youngest son of Alexander Duff of Hatton, of which marriage was 
George Duff, captain in the navy, who was killed at the battle of 
Trafalgar, where he commanded the Mars line-of-battle ship" (MS.E). 

The tombstone record continues : — 

ac Georgii Skene de Robslaw eorum 
filii qui obiit 21 julii 17 [57] .etatis 58 

NEC NON HELENE/E SKENE EJUS FILLE 

spons^e Jacobi Duff advocati 
abredonensi quae obiit 12 mar 
anno mdcclxiv ^tatis 30 
cum Helena Thomson sponsa dicti 
Georgii Skene junioris de Robslaw qu.e 

OBIIT 29 no JULII 1768 /ETATIS ANNO 68™ 
George Skene of Rubislaw was succeeded by his son, 



IV. — George Skene of Rubislaw— 1757-1776, 

born in 1736, and married to Jane Moir, eldest daughter of James Moir 
of Stoneywood, whose history has been detailed in an interesting and 
graphic narrative by the late Dr. John Brown, in the third series of his" Horae 



136 SKENE OF RUBISLAW. 

Subsecivae," p. 83, under the title of "A Jacobite Family:" — "Having 
three daughters before a son was born, he entered into a treaty with 
the magistrates of Aberdeen, superiors of the lands of Rubislaw, to 
have the holding altered from a male fee to heirs whatsoever, which was 
obtained upon payment of £250 sterling. It was intended by the late 
Mr. Skene that his son should follow the profession of the law, with 
which view, while a youth, he attended the office of his uncle, Thomson 
of Portlethen ; but unfortunately his disposition was of too lively a cast 
for so plodding a profession, and as none more congenial were suggested 
to him, his circumstances being independent, he yielded to the con- 
viviality of his disposition, giving up his time to gaiety and amusement, 
and soon became the delight of the society he frequented in Aberdeen. 
He sang well, played on various instruments, composed humorous songs, 
caricatures, and lampoons, in which fun and good humour always pre- 
dominated ; constantly inventing some amusing frolic, of which his uncle, 
Portlethen, a pompous, portly man, and his cousin, Miss Finnie, a 
starched, antiquated virgin, were frequent subjects. Indeed he not 
unfrequently subjected the whole inhabitants of the town to his frolics, 
by various successful and amusing hoaxes, which to this day continue to 
afford merriment in the narration, by those of his contemporaries still in 
life, who were witnesses of his inventive and good humoured disposition. 
With a view to wean him from those unprofitable pursuits, his friends 
prevailed upon him to go to Edinburgh, to study law, where he remained 
for some time, but without much improving his taste for that dry pursuit; 
which, as happens not unfrequently with young men who have the mis- 
fortune to possess a moderate independence, ended in a resolution to 
abandon the attempt altogether, and rest satisfied with the fruits of his 
paternal fortune. The remainder of his life was passed at Rubislaw, in 
the fulness of convivial indulgence, which soon ushered in its train that 
surly monitor the gout, whose attacks became so frequent and habitual 
as to occasion his having recourse to the Bath waters, where the family 
passed a winter; but without success, as a severe attack in the stomach 
occurred in the year 1776, of which he died on the 24th January, at the 
age of 40" (MS.E). 

His legal studies do not, however, seem to have been utterly fruitless, 
for, as all the male representatives of the Curriehill family who stood 
between that family and the Skenes of Rubislaw had become 



SKENE OF RUBISLAW. 1 37 

extinct, he appears to have formed a plan to prove his own representa- 
tion of the family, and take up the dormant baronetcy. With this view 
we find him having his papers examined by an antiquary and genealogist 
of some local celebrity, the late Mr. Rose of Banff; but an accident which 
befel the charter chest destroyed many of the family papers, and 
prevents us from knowing more than the result of the examination. 
" Upon the death of George Skene of Rubislaw, on 24th January, 1776, 
the charter chest was conveyed to Aberdeen, and deposited in the house 
of the late Alexander Carnegie, Esq., Town Clerk. Being of iron, and 
very weighty, it was left in a low, damp appartment, or rather cellar, 
with an earthen floor, which, in the period of one-and-twenty years that 
it was suffered to be exposed to damp, so completely rotted the bottom 
of the chest, that upon its removal, the bottom remained on the ground, 
reduced to an ochry clay, and with it a layer of about three inches thick 
of the old family parchments and papers, in a state of destruction utterly 
irredeemable, in fact resembling a mass of rotten tobacco, which fell to 
pieces on being touched " (MS.E). 

Mr. Rose, however, had noted some of its contents in his note 
books, in which are the following entries : — 

" Sir James Skene of Curriehill, created knight baronet, which I have 
seen at Robslaw." 

" Skene, Sir James, of Curriehill, knight and baronet, President of the 
College of Justices, died at Edinburgh, interred in Greyfriars, 20th 
October, 1633. Represented by Robslaw." 

His early death probably prevented the claim from being prosecuted, 
and the patent which seems to have come into his possession perished 
with the rest of the destroyed papers. 

George Skene of Rubislaw left the following children, by his wife, 
Jane Moir, who died in Edinburgh on 29th March, 1820, aged 79, 
having been 44 years a widow. 

I. Margaret Skene, born 4th September, 1767; married Colonel 
Ramsay of the 2nd or Queen's Regiment of Foot, and had issue. 

II. Helen Skene, born 13th August, 1768; remained unmarried, and 
died at Florence in 1841. 
III. Catherine Skene, born 20th Oct., 1769; married Sir Henry 
Jardine, King's Remembrancer of Exchequer, and had issue. 
She died in 1838. 

T 



138 SKENE OF RUBISLAW. 

IV. George Skene, born 14th December, 1770. 

V. Jean Skene, born 5th December, 1771 ; died in infancy at Rubislaw. 
VI. Maria Skene, born 22nd December, 1773; died in infancy at 

Aberdeen. 
VII. James Skene, born 7th March, 1775. 



V— George Skene of Rubislaw— 1 776-1 791. 

"George Skene, a minor, succeeded his father in 1776, chose the 
profession of the army, and was sent to Douay, in France, to promote 
his studies at the military academy there, and upon his return got a 
commission in the 46th Regiment of Foot, then in Ireland, where he 
remained three years; and, having attained the rank of lieutenant, 
returned to Scotland near the close of his minority, in order to be served 
heir to his father, an event which, though then in the vigour of health 
and youth, it was not his fate to accomplish. He had gone to Aber- 
deenshire for that purpose, in summer, 1791, from whence he proceeded, 
for his amusement, to visit the Highlands, travelling on horseback, in the 
course of which he stopped at Nairn, on a very stormy night of rain, 
when a family with ladies arrived late, whom, as the house was full, it was 
impossible to accommodate ; and they, being averse to proceed further, 
during bad weather, unfortunately applied to Mr. Skene to give up his room. 
With this request he generously complied, though unwell at the time, 
ordered his horse, and set off to ride to Inverness in a cold and stormy 
night, where he arrived, drenched with rain. An access of fever was the 
natural consequence, which he incautiously disregarded, and proceeded 
next day to visit Beauly, where it became so violent that it was necessary 
to send back to Inverness for a carriage to reconvey him there to Ettles' 
inn, where, in two days afterwards, he expired in presence of Mr. Ettles, 
the landlord, who narrated the circumstances afterwards to me. His 
body was conveyed to Aberdeen, and interred in the family burying- 
ground in St. Nicholas Churchyard, but a week after he had left that 
town, in the bloom of health and youth, on the 30th September, 1791, 
in his 21st year" (MS.E). 



SKENE OK RUBISLAW. 139 



VI. — James Skene of Rubislaw — 1791-1864. 

The following notice of Mr. Skene occurs in the opening address 
delivered to the Royal Society of Edinburgh on Monday, the 4th Decem- 
ber, 1865, by Sir David Brewster, who had been through life his personal 
friend : — 

"James Skene of Rubislaw was born on the 7th March, 1775. His 
father died in the following year, leaving a widow and a family of seven 
children. In 1783, Mrs. Skene removed to Edinburgh for their educa- 
tion, and James, who was then the second son and youngest child, was 
placed at the High School ; and was the last survivor of a host of 
distinguished men who were his class-fellows. 

"In 1 79 1, after he had left the High School, he succeeded to the 
family-estate of Rubislaw, by the death of his elder brother ; and at the 
age of twenty-one, he was sent to Germany to complete his studies. 
After acquiring a knowledge of the French and German languages he 
returned to Edinburgh, and was admitted to the Scotch bar in 1797. 
Here he formed an acquaintance with Sir Walter Scott, which ripened 
into a close and life-long friendship. Mr. Skene had early shown a love 
of art, and a singular talent for drawing, to which Sir Walter alludes in 
the introduction to the 4th canto of Marmion, which is dedicated to Mr. 
Skene — 

' As thou with pencil, I with pen, 
The features traced of hill and glen.' 

"In 1797 Mr. Skene was appointed cornet of the Edinburgh Light 
Horse, one of the earliest regiments of volunteers, which was organised 
mainly by the efforts of Sir Walter Scott. After walking the Parliament 
House for a few years, Mr. Skene revisited the continent in 1 S02, and 
travelled over the greater part of Europe during the next few years. In 
this journey he became acquainted with Mr. Greenough, President of the 
Geological Society of London, and travelled for some time with that 
distinguished geologist. He thus acquired a taste for geology, and was 
afterwards elected a member of the Geological Society. 

" In 1806 Mr. Skene married Jane, daughter of Sir William Forbes 
of Pitsligo, Bart., and settled on a small property he possessed in Kin- 
cardineshire, where he spent the next eight years of his life. 



140 SKENE OF RUBISLAW. 

" In 1816 Mr. Skene returned to Edinburgh, for the education of his 
children, when he joined the different literary and scientific societies, 
which at that time were not in a very flourishing state. He became 
a member of the Royal Society in 1817, and as Curator of their Library 
and Museum, an office which he held for many years, he did eminent 
service to that important department of the Society. He was also a 
member of the Antiquarian Society, and took an active part in its reform 
and restoration. 

" During his residence in Edinburgh, Mr. Skene explored and 
sketched the various buildings in the Old Town that were remarkable 
for their antiquity or historical interest, and he has left a valuable collec- 
tion of these sketches, which we trust may be given to the public. 

" Mr. Skene held for many years the office of Secretary to the Board 
of Trustees and Manufactures, and in this capacity he did much for the 
promotion of the fine arts in Scotland. 

" In 1838, when the health of some of his family required a warmer 
climate, he went to Greece, and settled in the vicinity of Athens. In an 
elegant villa, built by himself, he spent eight years ; and he has left 
behind him a series of beautiful water-colour drawings, upwards of 500 
in number, of the scenery and antiquities of that interesting country. 

" On his return to England in 1844, he took up his residence in 
Leamington. He afterwards went to Oxford, and resided in a curious 
old mansion, called Frcwen Hall, where he enjoyed the best literary 
society in that seat of learning. After a residence there of nearly fifteen 
years, he died on the 27th of November, 1864, in the 90th year of his age. 

" Mr. Skene was a man of very elegant tastes and numerous accom- 
plishments. He had a great general knowledge of science as well as of 
literature, and spoke with fluency French, German, and Italian. He was, 
as Sir Walter Scott said, ' the first amateur draughtsman in Scotland,' 
and was the author of two volumes of Illustrations of the Waverjey 
Novels. But though he used his pencil more than his pen, yet he made 
several contributions to the Transactions of the Societies to which he 
belonged, and was the author of the excellent article on painting in the 
Edinburgh Encyclopaedia." 

The preceding notice, though long, is valuable, as proceeding from the 
pen of so eminent a man as Sir David Brewster, and has therefore been 
inserted in place of an original notice of Mr. Skene, which would not 



SKENE OF RUBISLAW. I4I 

come so appropriately from his son. It may be added that the full page 
illustrations to this volume are from his drawings. 

His body was removed to Edinburgh, and interred beside the remains 
of his wife, who died in November, 1862, in his burying-ground at St. 
John's Episcopal Church there. He was survived by the following 
children : — 

I. George Skene, born at Edinburgh, 23rd October, 1S07. 
II. William Forbes Skene, born at Inverie, 7th June, 1809. 

III. Eliza Skene, born at Inverie, 21st October, 1810, married at 

Athens in 1840, the Baron Charles de Heidenstam, Swedish 
Minister at Athens, and died 21st February, 1886, leaving issue. 

IV. James Henry Skene, born at Inverie, 3rd March, 181 2. He 

entered the army, and after serving some years in the 73rd 
Regiment, sold his commission, and settled in Greece, and in 
1832 married Rhalou, daughter of Jakovaki Rizo Rangabe, the 
head of an old and influential Fanariot family, by his wife, Zoe, 
daughter of Eustache Lapati, Secretary of State for Moldavia. 
He eventually became attached to the service of Lord Stratford 
de Redcliffe, English Ambassador at Constantinople, and for 
his services during the Crimean war was appointed Vice Consul 
at Constantinople, and afterwards Consul-General at Aleppo, 
from which office he retired in 1880, and died at Geneva on 
3rd October, 1886. He was author of the " Frontier Lands of 
the Christian and the Turk ;" " Anadol, the Last Home of the 
Faithful;" "Rambles in the Syrian Deserts;" and " With Lord 
Stratford in the Crimean War." He left the following children : — 

1. Felix James Henry Skene, Clerk in the House of Lords, 

married, 15th December, 1871, Jane Elizabeth Huddleston 
Hossack, second daughter of Angus Hossack, Esq., and has 
issue, besides a son and two daughters died in childhood — 

William Forbes, born 5th August, 1873. 

James Henry, born 3rd December, 1877. 

George Alexander, born 6th July, 1880. 

Ethel Mary. Zoc. Olive Maud. 

2. Reverend George William Charles Skene, Rector of Barthomley, 

Crewe, married, in 1885, Mary Maud, daughter of the late 
Honourable Edward Morris Erskine, Minister Plenipotentiary 



142 SKENE OF RUBISLAW. 

at Athens and at Stockholm, and widow of William John 
Percy Lawton, Esq. of Lawton Hall. 

3. Zoe Skene married, in 1855, the Reverend William Thomson, 

D.D., Provost of Queen's College, Oxford, preacher of 
Lincoln's Inn, and chaplain to the Queen ; in 1861 appointed 
Bishop of Gloucester and Bristol, and in 1862 Archbishop 
of York, and has issue — 

Wilfrid Forbes Home, born 29th March, 1858, banker in 

York. 
Jocelyn Home, born 31st August, 1859, Captain Royal 
Artillery, married, in 1886, Mabel Sophia, daughter of 
the Rev. Canon Paget. 
Basil Home, born 21st April, 1861, Commissioner of Colo, 

Fiji. 
Bernard Henry Home, born 9th January, 1874. 
Ethel Zoe, married, in 1887, the Rev. F. W. Goodwyn. 
Zoe Jane. 
Beatrice Mary, married, in 1886, Henry Edward, only son 

of T. H. Preston, Esq. of Moreby Hall. 
Alexandra. Madiline Ita Mary. 

4. Jane Skene married, in 1863, the Reverend Lloyd Stewart 

Bruce, Canon of York, and fourth son of Sir James Bruce 
of Downhill, Bart. She died in September, 1880, leaving 
issue — 

Robert Douglas, B.A., born 30th March, 1867. 

Lloyd Hervey, born 21st April, 1868. 

Francis Rosslyn Courteney, born 14th August, 1871. 

Wilfrid Montagu, born 26th October, 1874 

Ellen Mary. 

Zoe Mary, married, in 1885, Rev. Charles Spencer, 

Newham. 
Irene Mary. Grace Guendolen. Rosamond Hilda. 
Helen Jane Theodora. Edith Agnes Kathleen. 

V. Catherine Skene, born at Inverie, 9th May, 181 5, married in 1841 
John Foster Grierson, Esq., Queen's Printer for Ireland, and has 
one surviving son. 
VI. Caroline Christian Skene, born at Edinburgh, 23rd November, 
1818, married, in 1840, Alexandre Rizo Rangabe, her sister-in- 



SKENE OF RUBISLAW. I43 

law's brother, who has filled the office of Greek Minister at Paris 
and at Berlin. She died in 5th December, 1878, leaving issue. 
Felicia Mary Frances Skene, born at Aix en Provence on 23rd 
May, 1 82 1, is unmarried, and resident at Oxford. She is 
authoress of " Wayfaring Sketches among the Greeks and the 
Turks;" "Use and Abuse;" "Hidden Depths;" "The Divine 
Master ;" " The Lesters, a family record;" and other Novels and 
Tales. 



VII.— George Skene of Rubislaw — 1864-1875. 

George Skene, the eldest son, was educated at the High School of 
Edinburgh, and on finishing his course there, having adopted the sea as a 
profession, entered the sloop of war the Gannet, in which he served, as a 
midshipman, for eighteen months. Having then, at the request of his 
mother, given up the sea, he was sent with his brother, William, in 1824, 
to Hanau, near Frankfort, for the prosecution of their education. In 
1826 he was entered a student at Trinity College, Cambridge, and, in 
1829, he passed advocate, and commenced practice at the Bar. In 
1832 he married, on 26th April, Georgiana Monro, daughter of 
Dr. Alexander Monro of Craiglockhart, Professor of Anatomy in the 
College of Edinburgh. In 1837 he was elected by the Faculty to the 
Chair of Universal History, in the University of Edinburgh, which he 
held till 1 841, when he was offered one of the Sheriffships of Glasgow, 
which he accepted. In 1855 he was appointed Professor of Law in the 
University of Glasgow, which chair he occupied till 1866, when he 
retired and took up his permanent residence in Edinburgh. 

By his wife, Georgiana Monro, he had the following children : — 
I. James Francis Skene, born in 1833, and passed advocate in 1854. 
He died on 22nd September, 1861, at the age of 29, on a voyage 
home from Ceylon, which he had visited not long before. 
II. Maria Isabella Skene remains unmarried. 
III. Jane Georgina Skene married, 1 6th June, 1 864, George Michael Fraser 
Tytler, secretary to the Bank of Scotland, younger son of James 
Tytler of Woodhouselee, and died 14th June, 1871, having had 
issue, besides two sons and a daughter who died in childhood — ■ 



144 SKENE OF RUBISLAW. 

1. Maurice William, born 18th June, 1869. 

2. Georgina Mabel Kate. 

IV. Katherine Elizabeth Skene married, on 20th June, 1S61, George 
Chancellor, W.S., second son of Alexander Chancellor of Shield- 
hill, who died in 3rd April, 1875. 

His wife, Georgiana Monro, died in 4th June, 1868, and after her 
death he married secondly, in 1870, Catherine Elizabeth Ty tier, daughter 
of James Tytler of Woodhouselee. 

After his retirement from the Professorship of Law, and his return to 
Edinburgh, Mr. Skene devoted himself entirely to works of charity and 
benevolence among the poor of the old town of Edinburgh, where he 
was looked up to by all classes as a judicious and sympathetic friend and 
helper. In the winter of 1S70 he met with a severe accident, which 
lamed him and impaired his health, and, in 1874, became aware that a 
fatal disease was undermining his life, and that he could not survive 
many months, a fate which he met with unusual calmness and fortitude, 
and on 2nd January, 1875, he passed quietly away in the sixty-ninth 
year of his age. 

Mr. Skene was a man of much subtlety of intellect and of unusual 
acquirements, which he united with an ardent temperament that led him 
to the cultivation of strong religious principle, and to the exercise of an 
untiring and self-denying devotion to works of charity and benevolence. 



VIII.— William Forbes Skene 

was educated at the High School of Edinburgh, and after a session at 
Edinburgh College, was sent to Germany to prosecute his studies with his 
brother, George. On his return he spent a session at St. Andrews, and 
then, after serving an apprenticeship in the firm of Jardine and Wilson, of 
which his uncle, Sir Henry Jardine, was senior partner, he passed Writer 
to the Signet in 1832. In 1865 he received the degree of LL.D. from 
the University of Edinburgh, and in 1879 that of D.C.L. from the Uni- 
versity of Oxford. In 1881 he was appointed Her Majesty's Historio- 
grapher for Scotland, an office which, with that of Her Majesty's Limner 
for Scotland, held by Sir S. Noel Paton, is the sole remains of the 
ancient Royal Household of Scotland. He has written " The High- 



SKENE OF RUBISLAW. 



145 



landers of Scotland," 1837 ; "The Four Ancient Books of Wales," 1869 ; 
"The Coronation Stone," 1869; "Celtic Scotland," 1880; "The Gospel 
History for the Young," 1883 ; besides editing " The Dean of Lismore's 
Book," " The Chronicle of the Picts and Scots," and three volumes of 
" The Historians of Scotland." He is also editor of this volume. 

He is now the male representative of the families descended from 
James Skene, who was second son of Alexander Skene of Skene, by his 
wife, a daughter of Lord Forbes. 











Arms of Sir George Skene of Wester fintray, from a Stone formerly In the 
House of Rubislaw, now in the possession of the Editor. 



APPENDIX N° I. 



SKENE OF RUTHRIESTON. 



I.— Robert Skene, 

paynter and glassemvright, Aberdeen, on 21st September, 1615, was 
admitted Freeman, and that gratis, but payment of any composition at 
the request of Sir James Skene of Curriehill. 

He married Catharine Donaldson, and had by her — 
I. Andrew Skene. 
II. James Skene. 

30th March, 1655 — James Skeyne, lawful son to the deceased 
Robert Skeyne, glazier, was admitted a burgess of gild, James 
Skene, burgess of Aberdeen, cautioner. This was the brother of 
Newtyle, commonly called white James, and the James Skeyne 
admitted was known as black James. He married in 10th 
February, 1657, Janet Lumsden, by whom he had three sons, 
who died young, and three daughters. 

20th June, 1685 — Christian, Elizabeth, and Margaret Skene, 
lawful daughters to the deceased James Skene, elder, merchant 
in Aberden, sell their right to the lands of Rudrieston to the 
town. 

III. William Skene died young. 

IV. John Skene, a posthumous son. 

9th December, 1635 — Robert Skene, painter, buriet. 

* The connection of the following families with that of Skene of Skene has not been 
ascertained, and they are therefore inserted in an Appendix. 



148 APPENDIX NO. I. 



II.— Andrew Skene. 



In 1637 Andrew Skene served heir to Robert Skene, vitrearius 
burgen. de Aberdeen. 

In 1642 Andrew Skene, eldest lawful son to umquhile Robert Skene, 
glasenwright, burgess of Aberdeen, being past 14 years, chooses John 
Forbes and Gilbert Skene, merchants, burgesses, for his curators. 

There were at this time a considerable colony of Scotch merchants in 
Holland, and for their protection a functionary, called the conservator of 
Scotch privileges, was stationed at Campvere. It was an office similar 
to that of the more modern Consul. We find Andrew Skene filling this 
office from 1653 to 1665, and in 1664 Andreas Skene, mercator de 
Campvere, is admitted burgess. James Skene, burgess, cautioner. In 
1667 he was Dean of Guild of the town of Aberdeen, and acquired the 
property of Rudrieston, and in 1667 Andrew Skene of Ruthrieston, and 
Andrew, his son, acquired the lands of Pitmuxton, with the office of mair 
of fee of the Sheriffdom of Aberdeen. 

He married Christian Skene, daughter of Mr. Andrew Skene of 
Overdyce, and widow of David Drummond, factor in Campvere, by 
whom he had — 

I. Robert Skene. 
II. Andrew Skene. 

In 1 2th October, 1667, is the admission of Robert Skene, 
eldest son to Andrew Skene, Dean of Guild, as a burgess ; and 
on 3rd June, 1672, of Andrew Skene, second son of Andrew 
Skene of Ruthriestone, as a burgess. 

In 29th July, 1673, there is a disposition by Andrew Skene 
of Rudrieston, and Christian Skene, his spouse, and Robert and 
Andrew Skene, his lawful sons, to John Moir, of the lands of 
Rudrieston. 

Robert Skene, the eldest son, appears to have predeceased 
his father. On 25th June, 1667, he had married Margaret Far- 
quhar, daughter of Alexander Farquhar, burgess of Aberdeen, 
and had two daughters and one son — 



SKENE OF RUTHRIESTON. 149 

i. Christian Skene, born 6th April, 1668. 

2. Margaret Skene, born 23rd September, 1669. 

3. Andrew Skene, born 24th December, 1670, who died young. 

And in 1680 there is a discharge by Andrew Skene, younger 
of Pitmuxton, to Margaret Farquhar, relict of deceased Robert 
Skene, his brother. 
Andrew Skene was succeeded in the estate of Pitmuxton by his 
second son, to whom it had been conveyed in 1668. 



III. — Andrew Skene of Pitmuxton. 

There is, on 23rd September, 1676, a discharge by Andrew Skene of 
Pitmuxtone and Isobell Donaldson, his spouse, in favour of John 
Donaldson, merchant burgess in Aberdeen, recorded 1st May, 1680 ; and 
in the same year Andrew Skene, younger of Pitmuxton, discharges 
Margaret Farquhar, relict of the deceased Robert Skene, his brother, of 
the effects and cabinet of papers he left with her three years ago, when 
he went to Holland. 

He had by her — 

I. Andrew Skene. 
II. Mary Skene, 
and must have died before 1700, as on 3rd December, in that year, is a 
marriage between John Clark, merchant, and Mary Skene, daughter of 
the deceased Andrew Skene of Pitmuxton. 

He was succeeded by — 

IV.— Andrew Skene, 

who was an apothecary in Aberdeen. He married Margaret Kirkton, 
by whom he had — 

I. Andrew Skene. 

II. Alexander Skene. 

In 1717 there is a charter to Andrew Skene, apothecary in Aberdeen, 
and Andrew, his son, of the lands of Pitmuxtone. 

He died in 1737, when his will is recorded. He was succeeded by 
his eldest son. 



APPENDIX NO. I. 



V.— Dr. Andrew Skene, 



physician in Aberdeen ; and, in 1738, Andrew Skene, chirurgeon in 
Aberdeen, eldest son of the late Andrew Skene, chirurgeon, and of 
Margaret Kirkton, his wife, serves heir to his brothers. 

He married Margaret Lumsden, a daughter of Lumsden of Cushnie, 
and had by her the following children, mentioned in the Burgh Propin- 
quity Book, 3rd April, 1765 :— 

I. Mr. Andrew Skene, minister at Banff, died 2nd December, 1792. 
II. Margaret Skene of Aberdeen, unmarried. 

III. Dr. David Skene, physician, Aberdeen. 

IV. Marjory Skene, married to Gilbert J affray in Kingswells. 
V. Mary Skene of Aberdeen. 

VI. Katharine Skene of Aberdeen. 

VII. George Skene of Aberdeen. 

On 24th August, 1767, died Dr. Andrew Skene, physician in Aber- 
deen, in the 65th year of his age. 

In 1769, Mary Skene married Andrew Thomson of Banchory. 



VI.— Dr. David Skene 

died 27th December, 1770. A biographical sketch of David Skene, M.D., 
of Aberdeen, was read before the Royal Society of Edinburgh, in 1859, by 
Mr. Thomson of Banchory. He says, "From MSS. still existing [in Aber- 
deen University Library] in every branch of natural history, which are 
probably but a part of what he wrote, it appears that Skene pursued the 
study of nature to an extent and with an accuracy previously unknown 
in Scotland ; and from letters addressed to him by some of the most 
eminent men of the time, it is evident that his merits were thoroughly 
recognised by his contemporaries. His early death prevented his giving 
any part of the fruit of his labours to the public." 



SKENE OF AUCHTERERNE. 

The property of Auchtererne, afterwards called Waterearn, is in the 
parish of Logic Coldstone, and the Skenes seem from an early period 
to have had a hereditary right to the vicarage of Logie, in connection 
with which they had a possession called Tullinturk, in the neighbouring 
parish of Kincardine O'Neill. It is extremely difficult to trace a 
connected pedigree of this family. 

In 1443 we find Robertus Skene, vicarius de Logymar; and, again, a 
hundred years later, we have in 155 1 Mr. Robert Skene, vicar of Logy ; 
and, in 1555, he appears as Mr. Robert Skene in Tullinturk. In the 
register of the Privy Seal we find — " Preceptum legitimationis Jacobi 
Skeyne, Arthuri Skeyne, Johannis Skeyne, Roberti Skeyne et Gilberti 
Skeyne bastardorum filiorum Magistri Roberti Skeyne, vicarii de 
Logymar in communi forma apud Edinr. penult, die mensis Februarii, 
1 5 53." The first Skene of Auchtererne we find on record is — 

I. — John Skene, 

who married one of the two co-heirs of Auchtererne of that ilk. On 
1 8th February, 1506, there was a charter to John Skene and Margery 
Auchtererne, his spouse, one of the daughters and heirs of John 
Auchtererne, and the heirs of the marriage; whom failing, the nearest 
and lawful heirs of the said Margery, of the half of the lands of Auch- 
tererne, with the half of the Blackmill. 



II. — James Skene in Tullinturk, afterwards of Auchtererne. 

In 1536 James Skene in Tullinturk has the reversion of the half 
of Garlogy, and, 3rd June, 1540, there is a charter to James Skene in 



152 APPENDIX NO. I. 

Tullinturk and his heirs, of the west half of Auchtererne and half 
Mill, on the resignation of John Skene and Margery Auchtererne, his 
wife. Then on 7th December, 1543, there is ane brieve maid to 
Maister Robert Skene, vicar of Logie, his airis and assignees, ane 
er ma, of the gift of the ward of the west half of the lands of 
Auchtererne, with the pertinents quhilk is pertainet to umquhile James 
Skene, portioner of Auchtererne, while the said half lands shall happen 
to be in the hands of the Queen, by reason of ward, thro' decease of 
Marjoria Auchtererne, liferenter of the same, or of the said umquhile 
James, till the lawful entry of the heir, being of lawful age; and also 
of the marriage of William Skene, sone and heir of the said umquhile 
James, and failing him, the marriage of any other heirs of the said James. 



III.— William Skene of Auchtererne 

married a sister of Patrick Forbes of Pittalochic, and had by her a son 
and two daughters — 
I. John Skene. 
II. Janet Skene. 
III. Eupheme Skene. 
He died before 1571, as on 21st November, 1571, then in the record 
of the Privy Seal " ane letter maid to Maister Robert Skene, his airis 
and assignees, ane er ma, of the gift of the ward of the west half of the 
Mylne, Mylne lands, and Tullerbe of the same land, whilk pertainet to 
umquhile William Skene, portioner of Auchtererne, and now thro' his 
decease being, as when it shall happen to be, in our sovereign lord's 
hands, by reason of ward, and also of the gift of the marriage of John 
Skene, sone and heir of said umquhile William Skene." 



IV.— William Skene in Tulloch, afterwards of Auchtererne, 

was second son to Mr. Robert Skene, vicar of Logie, and married Janet 
Skene, one of the daughters and co-heirs (through decease of her 
brother John) of William Skene of Auchtererne, and afterwards his 
widow, Margaret Forbes, her stepmother. 



SKENE OF AUCIITERERNE. I 53 

In 1 571 he acquires one half of one half of Auchtererne from 
Eupheme Skene, the other co-heir. 

On 1st March, 1588, Alexander Skene, eldest lawful son of Arthur 
Skene in Tullocht, has, in 1584, a 19 years' tack of the vicarage teinds of 
Migvie. 

In 1600 Arthur Skene appears as portioner of Auchtererne. 

On 23rd March, 1593, there is on the register of the Privy Seal a 
precept of a charter confirming a feu charter by Eupheme Skene, one of 
the two heirs of William Skene, portioner of Auchtererne, proprietor of 
the lands aftermentioned, with assent of George Forbes, her husband, to 
Arthur Skene in Tulloch, and the heirs male procreated between him 
and Margaret Forbes, his spouse, whom failing as their heirs whomsoever 
of the half of the shadow half of the town and lands of Auchtererne, with 
the half of the lands of Tulloch and Drumino. 

In 1604 Arthur Skene, portioner of Auchtererne, conveys to 
Alexander Gordon of Lesmoir, one half of the shadow half of Auchter- 
erne, Tulloch, and Druminie. 

Arthur seems to have had three daughters, one of whom, Janet, 
married Robert Skene of Rannaloch, younger son of James Skene of 
Westercorse, and had by him a son, Alexander. 



V.— Alexander Skene of Auchtererne. 

In 162 1 Alexander Skene served heir to Janet Skene, his mother, 
in the third part of the shadow half of Auchtererne, third part of 
shadow half of Tulloch, and third part of the shadow half of Drummond. 

Alexander Skene died in 1645. 

There is the following tradition of him : — 

" A younger brother of Skene of Skene got the lands of Auchtererne, 
of whom is come Mr. Alexander Skene, who was a learned physician, 
and dyed in Peterso, in Poland, who by solid argument caused a priest 
burne his Byble. This man was the true heir of Auchtererne, some- 
tyme called Wattererne, quhilk holdes in Barronie of the king, but now 
is become vassal of the Earl of Marr and Aboyne, and the titles 
theirof belonges to the house of Pitsligo, and titular and patron of 
Colston" (MS.C). His daughter, Margaret Skene, served heir to her 
V 



154 APPENDIX NO. I. 

father, Alexander Skene, who died twelve years before, in the same lands 
in 1658. 

In 1697 there is a disposition by Alexander Skene of that ilk, heir 
served to John Skene, his father, narrating a disposition by Margaret 
Skene, only lawful daughter of the deceased Alexander Skene, portioner 
of Auchtcrerne, her father, dated 1 8th April, 1656, disponing to said 
John Skene the third part of the lands of Auchtcrerne, Tullo, and 
Drumon, and conveying the same to his brother, George Skene. 

This was George Skene of Auchtererne, who, in 1720, purchased the 
lands of Carraldstonc. 



APPENDIX N°- II. 

Foreign Letters, addressed to Sir John Skene between 

1586 AND IS98. 5 ' 

I. 
S. D. Nobilis et Doctissime vir amice observande. 

Veniam dabis ut spero huic importunitati literarum mearum, quas ad 
te, licet gravioribus negociis satis occupatum, dare non dubitavi, partim 
amicitise nostrae initae erga, partim quoque ut tibi significarem me pictur- 
arum illarum, nihil adhuc accepisse. 

Nescio an pictoris culpa, an vero illius cui has ad me deferendas 
dedisti acciderit, solum hoc sato me neque auditione quidem quidquam 
hactenus de illis intelligere potuisse. Quidquid sit responsum tuum 
omnino mihi erit expectandum antequam hinc discedam, quod ut ad me 
quamprimum expedias te pro mea erga te observantia vehementer oro. 

Ad iter meum quod attinet nolo te ignorare me id ex animo confecisse, 
neque mihi in eo quidquam adversi accidit, praeterquam quod et Aerae et 
Dublini paulo diutius haerere coactus fui adversante vento. Redii tamen 
in hanc urbem Deo beneficio salvus et incolumis. 

Ea quae in perlustranda Scotia vestra mihi in mentem venerunt. 
Aeram cum primum venissem tuo isti clienti meoque conductori ad te 
perfcrenda dedi : Sed ille nescio an sponte an vero oblivione literas 
meas discedens in diversorio reliquit atque ad te vacuus rediit, quod ideo 
addendum esse putavi, ne forte mea negligentia illud fuisse factum 
existimes. 

Caeterum abs te vir nobilissime peto me tui amantissimum ut redames, 
et de me unice id tibi persuadeas, me non solum veram et sinceram 
amicitiam tecum perpetuo colerevelle, verum etiam per literas memoriam 

* From the originals preserved in Her Majesty's General Register House, Edinburgh. 



150 APPENDIX NO. II. 

tui ad te testaturum esse quotiescunque occasio mihi se obtulerit. Oro 
Deum ut te patriae et nobis amicis tuis diu incolumem servet, et te 
tuoque omnes ab omni malo semper protegat. 

Salutat te plurimum et officiosissime Lavinus noster. Vale. Londini 
16 CI. Octobris Anno salutis LXXXVI. 

tui studiosissimus. 

Carolus Baro Zerotinu.s. 

Nobilissimo et doctissimo viro domino Joanni Skcnseo amico 
suo plurimum obscrvando louinge Frende Sr. Johne Skene at 
Edenbourge. Kdimburg. 



S. D. An mea tibi postrema epistola reddita sit, nescio . sed cum 
serenissimo Rege tuo in Dania te hyemasse non dubito fortasse occupa- 
tiones obstiterunt, ne responderes . volui tamen ego ad te iterum paucis 
scriberc, offcrente se occasione per D. Renccherum veterem amicum 
nostrum istuc proficiscentem, quern etsi ubi carum esse per se non dubito, 
vt mea causa tamen cum cuncta amplectione et ore docebit is te de 
rcrum nostrarum statu et rebus communibus eritque vice epistola;. Ubi 
audiveris eum et cognoveris eius consilium ac rationes, bene feceris si et 
ad Regis tui colloquium aditum ei aperueris . plura non potui per occu- 
pationes. Bene et Feliciter vale: ac serenissimo Regi tuo me subiec- 
tissime commenda 18 Jimii Kal. Anno 90 

Cas. Peucekus. 

D. 

Brcvitatcm epistolii excusabit 
D. Renccherus. 

Nobilitate doctrina, prudentia et virtute excellenti D. Johanni 
Scheneio consiliario pracipuo serenissimi Regis Scotia; etc. amico 
veteri et carissimo. 



Monsieur, 

I'esperoye de vous aller veoir et me resiouir auec vous du bon 
estat de votre maison et accroissement d'honneurs dont Dieu et votrc 



LETTERS TO SIR JOHN SKENE. 1 57 

Roy honorent voz vertuz, mais comme je pensoye monter a cheual, on 
m'a coupe les estriers, comme vous dira Mons r le Docteur Moresin. Au 
reste apres avoir fait plusieurs voyages en Italie et en France assez 
hereusement, auec des S rs de plus grande marque que ceulx que vous 
avez cogneu a Wittemberg, finalment m'estant retire a ma maison en 
Sauoye auec ma femme, par la rage de la guerre i'ay este mange et pille 
de tous costez comme par trop voysin de Geneue, qui estoit le but et 
siege de la guerre en ce paye la, et me defaillant l'industrie de pouuoir 
plus gouuerner ma barque parmy taut de tempestes, voyant que je ne me 
pouuoye maintenir dauantage en ma maison sans naufrage de ma religion, 
j'ay tout laisse par force. Et apres auoir seiourne 'plus de deux ans en 
la maison du viceroy de Boheme en enseignant son filz le Baron de Neu- 
hauss, desirant de reueoir les uniuersitez d'Allemaigne ennuye de leurs 
quereles et combats en faict de la religion parmy leur gar aus, je suis 
venu en Angleterre la ou j'ay este trompe de plus de la moiete. Et ne 
scay encores quelle fin prendront mes affaires. Vous asseurant que si ce 
n'eust este la singuliere bonte et courtoisie de M r . Antoine Bacon (qui 
m'a retire en sa maison me fauorisant plus que ie n'ay iamais merite en 
son endroict, sinon en tant que l'aymant et honorant de tout mon coeur, 
il a pense de m'estre oblige par ses propres faueurs) ie n'auroye plus de 
boys poure faire feu ou flesche. Et me semble que la fortune (si je 
doits ainsi parler) deuroit estre lasse du jeu et laisser reposer ceste 
pauure pelotte, qui ne scauroit plus rejaillir ny bondir. Mais ce sera 
quand il plaira a ce bon Dieu, lequel je prie de vouloir continuer ses 
faueurs en toute votre maison et vous donner un entier accomplisse- 
ment des saincts et vertueux desirs que j'ay tousiours honore en vous. 
Je vous prie aussi de vous vouloir resouuenir de l'amitic que vous m'auez 
porte a Wittemberg et m'aymer comme ie vous honoreray toute ma vie. 
De Londres ce 22 de Nouembre 1594. 

Votre tres affectione a vous obeir et seruir, 
Le Doulx, 

Catharinus Dulcis. 

Beatus me, si rescripseris cum arnica significatione tua; erga me bene- 
uolentias sis foelix cum dulcissimis tuis liberis. 

Clarissimo viro domino Joanni Skyna;o, Magno Magnatorum in 
senatu summo Scotias, domino et amico summa fide obseruando. 
Edimburgum. 



15S APPENDIX NO. II. 

4- 
S. P. Ouamvis Clarissime Et Doctissime Domine Skyna:, amice 
amantissime, ab eo usque tempore, ex quo primum noticia inter nos et 
amicitia orta atque inita est, continuis itineribus et variis occupationibus 
impeditus fuerim, quo minus aliquid ad te perscribere, minusque aliquid 
non tarn de tua ipsius valetudine, quam de tuo tuorumq'ue reliquo statu, 
quern secundissimum semper optavi, compcrire potuerim; Animo tamen 
hoc maxime tempore, quo przesentium lator, minister meus, aliorum 
expediundorum negociorum gratia in Scotiam ablegandus fuit, inprimis 
incidit, ut quas tui status przesens ratio ac conditio esset, intelligere 
satagerem, tecumque, si omnia tibi ad nutum ct voluntatem fluerent, 
plurimum lajtarer: Nee tamen intermitterem, quin a te amanter rogarem, 
ut huic ministro meo, si forte tuo vel consilio vel auxilio in sibi com- 
missi negocii expeditione indigeret, benevole succurrere promteque adesse 
non gravarere, Tibique persuaderes, quicquid ei meo nomine praestares, 
mihi fore acccptissimum, ct me ad omnia amicissimi et tibi addictissimi 
animi studia et officia semper paratissimum pollicereris. Quibus te 
divine Clientele commendatum volo. Dabantur Hafnise Quarto Junii 
Anno 1 595. 

Mag 1 '*- e f- Amplitudinis 

tua; obscrvantissimus 

Henricus Ramelius. 

Clarissimo Et Doctissimo Viro Domino Johanni Skynaso Juris 
Utriusque Doctori, Et Parlamenti Edinburgensis Advocato, Amico 
suo singulari. 

5- 

Salue quam plurimum mi nobilissime ct charissime D. Skenaee. 

Dici non potest quanta non modo iucunditate amicissimae tua; literal 
me affecerint: sed etiam quam grata fuerit mihi presentia nobilissimi et 
generosissimi uiri D. Vilhelmi Stuardi, qui easdem exhibuit. Cui sane 
praesertim in tanta eius festinatione et meo quoque inopinato Praga 
discessu, pro summis meis viribus conabar mea officia offerre, quod id 
ipsum ipsemet uti spero fatebitur. Deduxi eum quoque ad supremum 
Regni Bohemici praefectum D. de Noua Domo, cujus amicitia illi spero 
profuturam. Omnes sane hujus uestri hominis integritatem prudentiam 



LETTERS TO SIR JOHN SKENE. I 59 

et dexteritatem amamus . quae ex ipso uultu et sermone apparet . ideo ut 
saepe nostratibus dixerim Deum in locis illis Septentrionalibus et occi- 
dentalibus hoc nostro seculo excitare et semare sibi homines, qui aliquando, 
orientales et meridionales nationes ex Babilonica captiuitate, sint 
liberaturi: et ueris Israelitis contra blasphemiam et Tyrranidem Gog et 
Magog et Dei istius Mauseos opem laturi in modo ista monstra et feces 
Sathanae de quibus et tu quoque in literis tuis conquereris turbarent, hac 
omnia. Sed turbabit et hos aliquando Dominus ille Jehoua Elohim 
Spiritu uertiginis, ut in propriam perniciem suam turbata aqua ipsimet 
in ea merguntur. 

Hoc nunc dico Deum aliquid singulare meditari in hoc bello turcico, 
ad quod tarn remotae gentes singulari zelo Dei pulsi ultro sua auxilia 
offerunt, ueluti serenissimus Rex tuus et Moscouitarum Princeps . cujus 
amplissimam legationem cum donis maximis que aliquot tunnus auri 
superant. Dominus Stuardus vester hie Pragae uidit, et a me hesterna die 
ad eos deductus fuit, de capta a Caesereano milite Arce Strigoniensi in 
Hungaria, et de occupatis aliis tribus munitionibus etiam a milite nostro 
in Croatia, et caesis plus quam decern millibus turcarum . adeo ut hoc anno 
95, turcarum tarn a nostro quam a Transyluani milite ultra quinquaginta 
millia saltern in acie periare paucis nostris Dei singulari protectione 
desideratis. Nos itaque hie omnes jam a triennio in procinctu esse 
cogimus, et plus arma quam literas et musas meditari ; sed haec hactenus. 

De felicissimo rerum tuarum statu, summa cum animi uoluptate 
cognoui. Vere ergo beatitudo ilia a Regio Propheta Psal : 128 decantata, 
tibi diuinitus contigit . in qua ut tibi dominus Deus ad ultimum uitae tuae 
curriculum benedicat eum ex animo precor. 

De mearum rerum statu scito, me post longas illas quindecim annorum 
peregrinationes peragratis pene praecipuis Europiacis Regnis excepta 
uestra Scotia et Hispania, etiam in Asiam excurrisso, ubi et nos per 
literas ut scis salutauimus. Quo sane in loco cum per quinquennium 
ab oratore Csesareo et ab ipsa maiestate Caesarea detinerer, et diutius 
etiam detineri debebam, oblata insuper mihi spe obeundi muneris oratoris 
seu legati Caesarei, malui potius Domi meae Arator, quam i bidem 
Orator fieri, et bobus paternis ut Horatius canit paterna excolere rura, 
proculque remotus talium ab aulis. reverso ergo mihi in Bohemiam, 
sua M tus - Caesarea obtulit et injunxit Sessionem in Senatu appelationum 
Regni Bohemia, in quo adhuc haereo. 



l6o APPENDIX NO. II. 

Vxorem quoque singulari sorte diuina mihi datam duxi ex anti- 
quissima et illustri familia Baronum a Wartumberg, ex qua aliquot 
liberos suscepi, sed tantum filius et filia in uiuis sunt. Princius ad quem 
per D. Stuardum literas quoque dedisti meus collega est . verum qui hanc 
religionem Catolicam in qua tecum mecumque aeducatus fuit summo- 
pere et deridet, et blasphemat, ita ut caute tibi imposterum ad ipsum 
scribendum sit. Quod sane peccatum si per ignorantiam committeret 
excusabilior forsan esset, uerum terrestria curat nostrum autem muni- 
cipium mi D. Skenaee in ccelis est unde et illustrem ilium aduentum magni 
illius Dei Saluatoris nostri expectamus, qui suas promissiones tanquam 
DEUS ille mentiri nescius, suis temporibus suis adimplebit cultoribus. 
uiderint ergo isti hypocritae et derisores Deumue an potius se ipsos fallant. 

Nos interea licet corpore remoti, Spiritu tamen Christi aeterno et 
indissolubili vinculo coniuncti, sanctorum illam communionem etiam in 
hac mortalitate, insitando alii alios per literas seruabimus: rccordaturi 
aliquando etiam horam in ilia aeterna societate, ubi non opus erit Epistolis, 
sed nos omnes erimus Epistola in Christo. 

Ceterum id quod initio discendum erat . unice et Summopere tibi 
commendo Magnif. et illustrem Baronem, Dominum Johannem Dionisium 
a Zierotin, que tibi hasc emeas literas tradit. Est in haec familia ualde 
illustris et in Bohemia et in Morauia . et uitricus huius D. Fredericus a 
Zerotin Vice Rex Morauiae. Fratris etiam nomen et fama huius D. 
Johannis non dubito quin tibi in Scotia sit nota, utpote qui haec loca 
peragrauit. Et licet uterque non magna? staturae est; tamen in istis 
parvis doliis non tarn quantitas quam qualitas materia? spectanda est. In 
summa adeo cum tibi commendo, ut neminem magis commendare quam 
quid quid huic Baroni a te et a serenissimo Rege tuo gratiae et fauoris et 
promotionis ad aliquid apud uos uidendum demonstrabitur . id nobis 
universis factum puta . est etiam haec familia earum opum ut quosuis 
illustrissimos Principes at uiros tante et pro dignitatc in Domo sua 
excipere posset ut interea taceam de pietate in Deum, et summa 
constantia in ea retinenda, et promouenda. Bene et felicissime uale 
uiueque sternum mi D. Skenaeo. Data? 13 Scptembris anno 95. 

Tui obseruantissimus frater 

VUENCESL. BUDOWEIZ 
a Budoria. 



LETTERS TO SIR JOHN SKENE. l6l 

Nobilissim et Magnifico uiro Domino Johanni Skenaeo, 
Supremi Senatus Regni Scotiae assessori, et Archiuorum Regni 
Praefecto, Domino et fratri suo antiqua fide et constantia charissimo 
et obseruandissimo Edinburgum. 



S. Etsi pudet me quod tarn longo tempore nihil ad te scripsi, 
confido tamen te pro humanitate et benevolentia erga me tua hanc inter- 
missionem officii mei in scribendo minus grauiter laturum esse mihique 
veniam daturum, praesertim cum neminem habuerim hactenus cui meas 
tuto ad te darem. 

Audio antem te in patria tua maxima authoritate, apud tuos popu- 
lares ualere, et te in gratia serenissimi Regis uestri esse, ut et tibi 
gratulor et mihi gaudeam. Amicorum commodis non minus ac meis 
propriis libenter lastari soleo. 

De me hoc tantum tibi dicere possum, me Dei beneficio in re me- 
diocri uel ultra etiam mediocritatem Prage uiuere et artem medicam 
exercere. Senex fere vxorem duxi ; et quidem diuinitus mihi con- 
ciliatus has nuptias non possum dubitare, cum a Deo petiuerim bonum 
coniugium, et huius donum esse hoc sciam referente etiam sapiente rogo. 
Caeterum oro aeternum Deum ut te Reipub. conseruet, que tui similes 
que paucos habeat audeo dicere, et tamen cuilibet nullo unquam tempore 
magis fuit opus, quam in hac uicissitudine rerum omnium dum ruinam 
omnia minantur et interitum. 

Noua si que hie sunt ex illustri et generoso D. Barone Joh. Dionysio 
fratre domini Caroli Zerotinij nostri cognosces. Commendare tibi eum 
nihil attinet. Genus et heroica ipsius indoles dubio procul eum tibi satis 
commendabunt. Bene et feliciter uale nobilissime domine Schinae 
amice vetus ac obseruande. Dominus Deus te et omnes tuas actiones 
perpetuo gubernet et incolumem diu conseruet. Datas Pragae 14 Septem- 
bris 1595. 

Tui obseruantiss. 

Venceslaus Lauinius 

Ad. Rosembergicus. 

Nobilitate virtute et eruditione praistantiss. domino Joh. 
Schinaeo Serenissimi regis Scotiae consiliario digniss. domino et 
amico veteri ac plurimum observando. Eidinburgi. 

W 



162 APPENDIX NO. II. 



7- 
Nobilissimo et doctissimo Domino Skcneac S. P. 



Quam grata; imo quam gratissimae mihi fuerint literae tuae, quas ad 
me per nobilissimum virum D. Guilhelmum Stuardum dederas, puto te 
iam ex responso meo cognovisse Respondi enim per Generosum Baronem 
D. Johannem Dionisium a Zerotin, quern tibi euntem in Scotiam com- 
mendaueram, et adhuc unice commendo, non dubitans quin si ad vos 
uenerit, haec commendatio aliquod ponderis sit habitura. 

Scripsi ad te quoque de rerum mearum statu, turn etiam dc bello 
nostro contra Turcas. Ac quia nobilissimus et strenuus Eques D. Guil- 
helmus Stuarduas nunc ad uos reuertitur intermittcre nolui, quin eandcm 
aliquod literarum ad te darem. 

Quantum ucro ego in promovendo hoc tanto et tanti uiri ncgotio 
laborauerim, uelim ut ex illo hasc potius quam ex me cognosces. Quam 
primum hue uenit, data ipsi fuit a sua majestate Caes : (ut aulico 
stylo loquimur) audientia, et deinde excurrit ad uidenda nostrorum militum 
prope Strigonium Castra, his peractis iterum Pragam uenit, quern ad 
nonnullos prsecipuos Regni nostri uiros ad contrahendam cum illis 
noticiam et amicitiam deduxi . qui sane ob eximias heroicas dotes et 
pcritiam rei militaris, omnibus quam gratissimus erat, ut interea taceam 
de ilia in tain forti et strenuo milite et duce, morum suauitate, et in 
primis uero pietate. O utinam non negligeremus hoc bonum, et utinam 
plures eiusmodi essent . qui non modo hominibus sed potius Christo contra 
blasphcmas illas et crudeles gentes turicas militare uellent. Imo quid 
nonnullae nationes christianae bellum contra Turcas gerendo efficiant, imo 
quam potius turpiter perfide et scelerate ad hostes filii Dei deficiant et 
nos prodant, id proh dolor experimus . modo oculos ad mare mediter- 
raneum conuertito. Si ergo bellum contra turcas gerendum uti oportet 
est occidentalis et septrionalis miles ad haec quam idoneus esset. Nam 
huic militi nulla cum turca affinitas, et miles hie plus ferre et pati potest, 
accedit ad haec quod ex ipsis fundamentis uerbi Diuini et non consuetu- 
dine aliqua politica Christum et spem in eo repositam discunt et hac 
scientia ueluti armis intrinsecis omnium fortissimis sese contra tantum 
hostem muniunt, unde et ilia externa arma uerum suum robur et uim 
summit . nam sine his omnia arma humana sunt instar machinse magnae, 
ex qua quis solo tantum globo absque puluere iaculari cupit, et qui 



LETTERS TO SIR JOHN SKENE. 163 

quaeso fieri potest ut terrestre illud et tain graue pelletur absque intrin- 
seca in aliqua spirituali. Haec idco hue addo ut demonstrem quantum 
momenti sit christianum militem contra Turcas habere posse . alias certe 
ob liceutiam carnis facilis est ad hostes spontaneus lapsus. Ac certe si 
Turca mutationem patietur sicuti aliquando id euenturum est idque 
extrimissimis promissionibus Dei, necessum erit ut maior pietas si non 
in plebcio militc et saltern in ducibus appareat, utque remotis super- 
stitionibus in nomine sacro sanctae et incomprehensibilis Trinitatis arma 
sumamus et alii aliorum tollcremus infirmitates, conuerso omni zelo 
nostro contra communem nominis Christiani hostem . alia ab ipsis turcis 
nobis malum et ruinam imminuerit. Sed hsec hactenus, et quidem 
properante calamo necnon propter uarias occupationes aliter scribere 
licuit. De rebus Vngarcis et aulae nostrae statu a domino Stuardo cog- 
nosces. Plura scribere nox uelat. Bene et felicissime uale mi charissime 
D. Skenae. Iterum uale, donee in aeterna uita aeterno nostro Seruatori 
Christo uero Deo et uero homini coniungemus. Datae Pragae 21 
Octobris an : 95. 

Tui obscruandiss. 

VUENCESLAUS BUDOWEIZ 
Non perlegi. a Budoria Consil : Caes. 

Nob ss : et praestantissimo uiro D. Johanni Skenojo, sercniss : 
Regis Scotia: consiliario, et eiusdem Regni archiuorum prafecto. 
D. et fratri suo ueteri fide aeterna charis. et col. 

Edinburafum. 



S. P. Et praeter votum et contra expectationem meam accedit, Vir 
Clarissime, quod ego non iuerim in Scotiam, ut veteris ac antiqua fide 
amici dulcissima consuetudine fruerer, lectissimam tuam uxorem viderem 
ac communes utriusque vestram liberos pro mutuo amoris nostri affectu 
amantissime amplecterer. Sed quae est rerum mearum constantissima 
inconstantia, dum necessitate cogor obsequi illorum placitis qui non tarn 
mei quam sui com modi causa meam operam conducunt, factum est ut 
post multos cogitationum velut asstus marini fluxus et refluxus, cum jam 
cogitarcm de discessu adscitus fuerim in familiam Illustris ac Inclyti D. 
Domini Joannis Dyonisii Baronis e Zerotin qui et ipse cum non satis 



164 APPENDIX NO. II. 

fauentes Calydonios deos dicam an Nymphas? experiretur, ab itinere 
retractus vi morbi, consilio medicorum et amicorum iter isthuc suum in 
aliud tempus differct, ac ubi ex febri tertiana convaluerit propter metii 
motuum qui etium hie timentur in Galliam profecturus est. Interea 
tamen quo est heroico animo fratris Caroli quern nosci, aemulus in 
amandis tui similibus hoc est viris cordatis synceris et grauibus, iussit ut 
ego te ipsius nomine peramanter salutarem simulque omnia studia et 
arnica officia offerem, Nobilis Henricus ab Eberbach ejus prasfectus, vir 
singulari fide et prudentia plurimam salutem quoque tibi adscribi iussit, ac 
ad te transmittit literas communium nostrorum amicorum Dominorum 
Budouitii et Lauinii cum aliquibus aliis ad Inclytum Stuardum quas oro 
ut diligenter reddi cures. De rebus mcis nihil laetum omnia redacta in 
fiscum saubaudi ; noster Lodouicus Robineus in Pictonibus seu de la 
Chauuiniere mortuus est, Musancherius viuit et valet. Si Deus volet nos 
saluos esse Parisiis, illhinc diligenter de omnibus scribam quae putabo ad 
nostram amicitiam pertinere. Caeterum oro Ueum Optimum Maximum 
ut tibi et tots familiar bene faciat, Vale et ama. Londino, die festo 
Sancti Georgii 1596. 

T. A. studiosissimus et obseruantissimus. 

Catiiarinus Dulcis. 

Clarissimo viro Domino Joanni Skinseo J. C to - apud Scotos 
magno Rotulorum Magistro, Domino et amico suo singulari fide et 
obseruantia colendo. 

Edimburgum. 



Serenissime Potentissimeque REX ac Domine Domine clementissimc. 

Gratissimis animis amplexi sumus Serenissimae Majestatis Vestrae 
iusique justiciar et in nostrates favoris et dementias studium quod miris 
modis nobis praedicarunt cives nostri ejus navis cxercitores et mercatores, 
qvam subditi Illustris Domini Comitis Orcauen, praeteritis annis ad 
Insulam Unstam Ditionis Majestatis Vestrae vi et manu caeperunt ac 
spoliarunt. Nam quod eorum mandatarius Ornatissimus Joannes 
Ehlerus, post peractam juris omnem feruie solennitatem nihilominus 
sententia definitiva in causa rerum direptarum principali destitutus est. 



LETTERS TO SIR JOHN SKENE. 165 

Id potentiam adversarium potuisse, assensum suum nunquam accom- 
modante Majestate Vestra sumus persuassissimi. Ipsa enim uti 
accipimus . factum non solum serio adversata, ct ad transigendum 
de damnis illatis Dominum Comitem Orcanensem sedulo adhortata 
est ; sed et arbitrium causae dirimendae benignissime ipsa suscepit, 
et detrectante hoc Domino Comite praedicto Ehlero civi . . 
via aggrediendam gratiam authorit . . . et . . . tis tantum 
studio proprio non aliquo ipsius mer . . . licita est. Nobis qvidem 
nihil accidere gratius potuit gravi in tanta civium nostrorum adversitate, 
habere eos propiciam Serenissimam Majestatem Vestram. Proinde ne 
verbis aegrare posse immensum beneficium videamur, quas debere nos 
gratias agnoscamus nihil hie dicimus, sed ut prioribus in nostrates benig- 
nitatis studiis unum etiam hoc adjicere dignetur etiam atque etiam verbis 
diligentissimis humilime rogamus. Nimirum ut authoritatem suam 
Regiam apud augustissimum Sessionis Consilium, quo remissam earn 
controversiam accepimus pro regia pietate interponat ne novum adoriendi 
Processum et rem actam denuo agendi necessitas civibus nostris impona- 
tur, sed revisis prioris judicii actitatis, qvod bonitas qvod sequitas qvod 
immota justiciar Regula, qvod Gentis utriusque consvetudo, qvod denique 
publicae tranquilitatis utilitatisque ratio svaserit et dictitaverit citra per- 
sonarum respectum aliquem statuatur atque definiatur ac tandem ali- 
quando cives nostri benevolentiae potius et humanitatis officia meriti 
aestimationem navis et rerum injuria ablatarum haud difficulter conse- 
quantur ac tarn Justicia et dementia Majestatis Vestrae gravi propria 
innocentia et mentis adjuti facultatibus suis redintegrentur. Ita DEUS 
Optimus Maximus Serenissimam Majestatem Vestram diutissime salvam 
et incolumem, Regia fortuna florentissimam et Regnandi prosperitate 
gloriosissimam misericordissime tueatur. Nos vero quantum justiciar 
commendatio potuerit ad clementiam, tantum collati in cives nostras 
beneficii memoria ad humilimum ut obsequium affcrat, sedulo sumus 
effecturi. Ejusdem Majestatis Vestrae Gratiae et favori nos quoque humi- 
lime commendamus. Datae Gedanidie xxiiii a mensis Anno Domini M° 
D° xcvi°. 

D . . . 'tis Vr . . . 

Obsequentissimi 

Praeconsules et Consules 

Civitatis Gedanensis. 



APPENDIX NO. II. 



Literae tua.-, Vir Clarissime atque amplissime, mirum in modum me 
oblectarunt, quod per eas intelligam mei apud Dominam tuam non* 
tantum conseruari memoriam verumetiam amicitiam obseruari ac coli 
integram: qua in re faris quod humanitate tua atque candore insigni 
dignam est: ego equidem quantum in me est lubentissime enitor ut 
amicitia tua dignus reperiar, hoc enim mc monent ac jubent amplis- 
simae beneuolentiae tuae mihi praistitae tcstimonia, quae tenacissimc 
memoriae meae inherent, semperque dum viuam inherebunt atque d. T e - 
obiunctissimum tenebunt. Quod legum regni editionem te moliri ais, 
Jubente rege ; Majestati suae, regno, omnibusque quorum interest, gratulor 
quod te virum amplissimum eique rei omnibus modis quam maxime 
idoneum, tarn doctrina quam facultate ac studio prsestantem habeant, qui 
id exequatur; tibi in hoc mugitanti, ut ex animo succedat exopto, ac 
dolorem sane opus tarn necessarium inopia chartae infectum iri. Vellem 
sane, quantum possem, isti defectui opem ferre ; attamen cum nee in hac 
regione aut chartae conficiatur, aut ea, qua opus est, quantitate, aut 
qualitate, venalis extet, profiteri cogor mc id officii non posse praestare 
quemadmodum typographus tuus testabitur. Si alia quapiam in re d. T. 
gratificari, potero, habebis me quam obsequentissimum. Caeterum 
ingentes ago gratias quod de statu rcgni isthuc quaedam mihi perscribcrc 
volueris : Deum precor ut tarn vobis quam nobis incolumem seruet 
religionem et patriam. Nobis hie capto Caleto atque itidem Ardea- 
tensibus, bellum grauius incumbit, Cardinalis archidux exercitum 
victoria elatum ipse animosus in Flandriam eduxit, Ostcndae obsidionem 
cogitarat, sed cum summa diligentia isti oppido et munitionibus et armoria, 
et omnibus aliis rebus necessariis quantum fieri potest prouiderimus 
videtur alio tendere, Hulstam scilicet aut Axeliam Flandriae, nobis 
Zelandis admodum vicinis, ita quod maximi belli laboribus detinemur, 
atque involvimur, non tarn viribus nostris confisi, quae sane Jam sint 
exiguae (Gallia enim adhuc dum partem copiarum nostrarum habet, 
turn etiam per classem Anglieanam alia pars non contemnenda abducta 
est) quam Dei armipotentis auxilio; Eum nobis precamur propitium, 
atque etiam rogo ut te conseruet. Vale vir clarissime atque amplissime 
meque ut facis amare perge. Middelburgo, 23* die Junij 1596. 

T. D. addictissimus 

Jacobus Valche. 



LETTERS TO SIR JOHN SKENE. 167 

Clarissimo Amplissimoque Domino Johanni Scheneo Regise 

Majestatis Scotia; sacri praefecto Consiliario dignissimo atque 
amico imprimis obscruando. 



Dum in Scotiam iter affectat affinis meus Joannes Ehlerus quondam 
Spect: Domini Joachimi Ehleri ordinis senatorii Filius, rediit mihi in 
mentem de nostra consuetudine in Germania quondam nobis intercedente 
turn cum opera et benevolentia tua nunquam mihi obliteranda uterer. 
Huncce igitur Ehlcrum cum ob redintegratam mihi memoriam tui, turn 
ipsius etiam causa sine meis ad te Uteris pervenire nolui. Illam tibi 
quoque non ingratam fore confido si novi verse humanitatis Genium qui 
olim mihi jucundissimus accidit. Hie vero Ehlerus quern dixi litem 
habet in Judicio Consilii sessionis quod in Scotia vestra est, habet autem 
jam diu eamque occasione navis cujusdam ad insulam Unstam direptae. 
Quo nomine cum jam antea Illustrem Orcanensem Comitem apud 
consilium secretum convenisset cum a spolii Actione absolutum esse 
mihi retulit, remissa de caetero causae cognitione ad illud quod dixi 
Consilium sessionis vestrae. Hie quod maximopere vereatur ne lis in 
immensum crescat, et ille morae pertesus et sumptuum Justissimam 
causam deserere cogatur in tua benevolentia maximum sibi patrocinium 
collocavit. Atque isthoc omine se tibi per mei commendari voluit. Peto 
igitur a te per veterem illam consuetudinem nostram quando eo loco 
positus es ut possis, Velis huncce affinem meum authoritate tua et gratia 
adjuvare, quo sentiat potuisse aliquid apud te sibi autem plurimum 
profuisse commendationem meam. Nee tenebo te pluribus ne plus Uteris 
meis quae tuae humanitati tribuisse videar. Vale itaquc namque 
consuetudinis memoriam perpetuo serva. Gedano 6 Julij Anno 1596. 
Tui . . . observantissimus 

Geriiardus Brandes 

Nobilissimo juxtaque clarissimo Viro Domino Joanni Scaenrco 
etc. Amico plurimum honorando. 



S. Generos i Nobilissimi magnifici et doctissimi viri, facit summa 
humanitas et erga me benevolentia vestra, iam pridem mihi satis sem- 



168 APPENDIX NO. II. 

perque perspectu comprobataque vt nihil esse, quod non pro jure seu 
lege amicitia; me et vobis debere existimem, et vicissim a vobis auserim 
expectare Proinde vobis presentes ministros meos Petrum Forbus et 
Laurentium Velichero, si qua illis consilio et auxilio vestro opus fuerit 
peramanter commendo. Ac, quemadmodum hoc oneris fidei vestree 
permittere non vereor Ita vicissim omnem operam studium officiumque 
meum, ut vobis in quibuscunque vestralibus vestro nomine si quidem 
eius aliquando hie a me prestari ut poterit et debebit, unice defero. Porro, 
cum per presentes occupationes plura non liceat, vos nunc hisce brevibus, 
summos factores et amicos meos, Dei omnipotenti protectioni commendo. 
Haffniae V Augusti Anno 1596. 

Vestrarum dignitatum 

Studiosissimus 

Henricus Ramelius. 

Nobilibus gencrosis et magnificis viris, D. D. Johanni Schina;o 
et Petro Junio: et amplissimis Schotia; regni senatoribus ct con- 
siliariis regiis et amicis summa observantia perpetuo colendis etc. 

Vtrius coniunctim vel seorsim singulis dentur. 



13- 
Gratissima mihi fuit significatio pristinse erga me benevolentiae tuae 
dum quo loco literas meas habueris verbis haud vulgaris affectus plenis- 
simis ostendisti. Mirum porr6 in modum, me tenuit memoria et com- 
memoratio tua jucundissima; conversationis nostra; ; qua; res tanto mihi 
majus desiderium excitat tui quant6 tutius illam nobis perpetuam fore, 
quamvis longissimo terrarum tractu dissitis mihi, jubes, omnino persua- 
deam : illud vero de pari voluntate et constantia mea judicium tuum, et 
si id quoque jucundissimum mihi accidit, tamen conscientia animi mei 
fretus jure quodam meo illud mihi deberi tua fac quaeso cum pace dixerim. 
Proinde dum mutuo hoc foedere fructum amicitia legere, hoc est omnia 
humanitatis et propensi animi studia me vis expectare et dignum veteri 
tuo instituto facis ipse et ego in eodem officio, si vincere non datur saltern 
ut haud multum concessisse videar sedulam operam dabo. Ehlero nostro 
quid ante hac pra;stiteris jam ex aliis cognovi, et hinc est, quod te idem 
imposterum etiam facturum facile mihi polliceor. Equidem agnosco 



LETTERS TO SIR JOHN SKENE. 169 

quicquid hujus praestiteris ab amicitia nostra proficisci, siquid tamen 
causae ipsius bonitati dare volueris proprium hoc virtutis aequabilitatis tuae 
esse nolim dissimules, Ideoque ne plus verbis consequi velle quam volun- 
tatis tuae fiducia suspicionem moueam hactenus satis. Rerum nostrarum 
statum cognoscere desideras : is quidem hoc tempore talis est, ut scrip- 
tionem definitam non recipiat ita omnia nutu et metu Pontificis complen- 
tur. De cladibus Christiani exercitus et capta Agria tibi jam non potest 
esse novum atque hinc quod Turcicus Imperator jam propius finibus 
Poloniae imminet, Rex noster diu multumque sollicitatus pro foedere 
cum Germanorum Imperatore concludendo comitia regni generalia ad 
medium Februarii habenda edixit, utique de nostro Germania fcedere 
nulla mihi spes, sed quicquid tandem erit quod tempus tulerit reddam te 
certiorem me quoque Deus Optimus Maximus laboriosa admodum in 
statione locavit sed patriae intuitu cui prodesse contigit, omnia facile 
perfero. De amicis olim communibus quid fiat haud probe constat. 
Jacobus vero Fabricius et tui amans superat, teque ut plurimum sibi 
carum resalutat : quern ego quoque bene ac diutissime valere nostri non 
immemorem ex animo opto. Calendis Februarii. Anno 1597. 
Cui observantissimus et ad omnia paratus 

Gerhardus Brandes. 

Respondi 27 Martii 1597 per Patricium Someruell. 

Clarissimo viro nobilitatis generis virtute et eruditione prae- 
stanti, domino Johanni Sceneo etc. Domino amico observando. 



14. 

S. P. Clarissime et Ornatissime Skinaee, amice singularis, Quamvis 
hoc tempore, quod scriptione, satis dignum esset, non habeam; committere 
tamen non volui, quin oblata commoda scribendi occasione hisce te 
salutarem, et officium, studium, ac benevolentiam in te meam attestarer; 
Simul quoque abs te amanter contenderem, ut hunc juvenem, qui hasce 
reddit, tibi commendatum habeas, eique tua opera, et benevola in 
literatos promptitudine, sicubi earn imploraverit, adesse haud gravate 
velis. Est namque ab illustrissimo Principe, Domino Johanne, Duce 
Slesvici Holsatise etc: cujus fiiliorum institutioni aliquandiu praefuit, hue 
in regnum commendatus. Ubi cum hactenus nonnihil haeserit, Scotiam, 
X 



170 APPENDIX NO. II. 

ac exinde Angliam perlustrare animum induxit. In quo suo proposito se 
tuo favore non parum adjutum iri confidit. Ouicquid ergo benevolentiss, 
et studii in ilium mei causa contuleris, bene positum esse intelliges, Et 
me vicissim ad similia vel majora, ubi par usus id tulerit, tibi devinctum 
reddes. Quibus te Deo Optimo Maximo commendatissimum volo. 
Vale Dat. Hafniae 12 Aprilis, Anno 1597. 

T. Studiosissimus 

Henricus Ramelius. 

Post Scripta. 
Amicissime Skinaee, Cum has obsignassem, venit in mentem, me 
superiori aestate ministrum, qui lanam rudem et pelles ovinas, ad meos 
domesticos usus ibidem coemcret, in Scotiam ablegasse; ac eundem post 
reditum suum, nescio de quibus difficultatibus, quibus ejusmodi lanam et 
pelles ex regno vestro asportari inhibitum esset, a nonnullis praetenderctur, 
conquestum esse. Officiose itaque te hisce rogare volui, ut prima quaque 
occasione significarc mihi non molesteris, quomam ejus rei sit ratio, 
Utrum videlicet cuivis, ejusmodi pelles et lanam coemendi et asportandi 
facultas pateat et concedatur, An vero a Ser: Reg: Ma'.l- de singulari 
gratia, cum ad privatos solummodo usus eas coemi curem, obtineri et 
impetrari possit vel debeat. Feceris in hoc rem mihi gratissimam, et me 
tibi ad quxcunque officia obligabis. Vale feliciter. Datum ut in Uteris 
Dignitatis tuaj 

Studiosissimus 

Henricus Ramelius. 



IS- 

S. Cum nuper apud vos essem Vir Clarissime, impetravi a Serenis- 
simo Rege donationem redituum quorundam in Annandalia ad usum 
visitationis, qua instituta est ad plantationem Ecclesiarum in desolata 
ilia regione. Earn manu Regia subscriptam memini me tibi tunc 
exhibuisse, ut tua opera Thesaurarii et Collegarum Suffragiis pro more 
confirmaretur. Sed Thesaurarium gravis morbus destinebat, teque ac 
Collegas tuos publica negotia ita distrahebant per id tempus, ut Concilii 
convocandi prserepta sit omnis occasio. Seorsim tamen fere singulos 



LETTERS TO SIR JOHN SKENE. IJI 

super hac re conveni, qui consensum suum haud gravate promittebant 
Quare fretus imprimis benevolentia Thesaurarii affinis tui, et amicitia tua, 
mitto ad te earn ipsam donationem Regia manu munitam, ut in concilio 
vestro vestris suffrages et subscriptionibus corroboretur. Clementissimus 
Rex istud propositum visitationis et plantationis iis in locis adeo 
adprobavit, cum de hac re ageremus: ut affirmavit de suo insuper se velle 
elargiri ad eum tarn necessarium usum. De vestra propensione et 
voluntate prorsus confido, praesertim si intercedat authoritas et studium 
tuum in hoc negotio conficiendo. Quod a te exspecto et vehementer 
expeto. Quod si non conficiatur cessabit opus praeclarum magno cum 
detrimento illarum Rcgionum. Quis enim suo sumtu poterit sustinere 
tantum onus? Et proxima Synodus Deidonensis prorogavit nobis 
visitandi munus ea lege, ut impensae nobis subministrarentur. Hoc 
quidquid est, Vir Clarissime, fidei et benevolentia; tuae commendo. Porro 
factu est mentio a Regia Majcstate in ilia Synodo de visitatione Acade- 
miarum per viros idoneos. Et nos quoque idoneos viros valde optaremus 
rei literaria; scientes et faventes : Te vero imprimis scientissimum et 
scholarum exterarum et nostrarum ac una tecum Thesaurarium propter 
sequitatem et authoritatem cum Domino Johanne Prcstono. Non dubito 
quin opera vestra magnum commodum allatura esset Academiis, si vestri 
similes viri Ecclesiastici deligerentur Rob. pontanus, Nicol. Dagleisius, 
Jacobus Nicolsonus, et tales viri probi et docti. Jam ignosce importuni- 
tati mese: Satis te impeditum nimis detinui. Vale vir praestantissime. 
Andreapolis ad d. xxiv. Maij 1597. Tibi addictissimus Johan. Jonstonus. 

Clarissimo viro domino Johanni Skenso assessori et consiliario 
serenissimi Regis in Suprema curia. Edinburgi. 

[On the outer folds of the Letter are written these notes]:— 

1266 betuix Magnus 4 Alex r - 3. 

The annuell of Norroway is dischargit be Christianus 1. 12 May 
1469. 

Annuell of Norroway dischargit in the contract of marriage, 
8th September 1468 and thairefter dischargit 12 May 1469. 

m. c. constituit 12 de procuratoribus marchi sterlingorum and 
m. c. 3 de arbitrament, is maid of quinque solidi sterlingorum. 



APPENDIX NO. II. 



1 6. 



Quanquam neminem praetermiss. quemquidem ad vos peruenturum 
putarem cui literas non dederim, in hanc tamen partem peccare me 
malim, quam diuturno silentio, supinx negligentiae et ingrati animi suspi- 
cionem incurrere. Cum autem, ad tempus hie in obscuro lateam, isque orbis 
tcrrarum angulus me teneat, in quo aut nihil rerum nouarum, aut si quid 
sit, incertis id authoribus ad nos perlatum subticere quam Uteris mandare 
tutius fore existimem, nihil prius mihi in presentia occurrebat, quam ut 
meam de vestra vestrorumque salute solicitudinem imprimis declararem 
vcstrasque literas cum hoc nomine mihi desideratissimas esse turn si quid 
sit in meis rebus firmius de eo me libenter fieri uelle certiorem: Mea 
quippe interesse putabam, me ad vos quam sepissime scribere, quare 
velim mihi hoc ipsum condones, si meae necessitudini obtemperans, nostra- 
que sanguinis conjunctione frctus minus videbor meminisse constantiae 
tuae confidere videor te mea causa quae honeste possis libenter nee 
grauate esse facturum, magnum tamen speraui apud te (pro mole 
negotiorum qua; te quotodie obruit) turn propter incerta viarum si quae 
forte interciderent, crebriores meas literas ponderis habituras, quibus 
(licet tuo in me adfectui nihil addi posset, et non solum naturalis 
hominis ad hominem adiunctio sed ciuilis cognomenti necessitudo, Imo 
arctior familiae ejusdem conjungatio, eaque tandem quam mihi tecum 
esse, voluisti conjunctio et familiaritas, longiori orationis ambitu mihi 
interdicant) te tamen grauioribus ut dixi negotiis districtum et intentum, 
de meis rebus saepius compellandum esse existimaui. Peto igitur a te 
non conquisitis verborum lenociniis sed ea orationis simplicitate qua 
intelligis debere me me petere ab homine tarn mihi necessario tamque 
familiari ut mea negotia quorum procurationem (quae tua fuit humanitas) 
in te suscepisti expliccs et expedias, cum jure et potestate quam habes, 
turn quod commodo tuo fieri possit authoritate et consilio, et si forte 
difficiliores erunt ut rem etiamnum sine controversia confici nolint, haud 
alienum tua dignitate putabis esse quam charum me habeas ut intelli- 
gant mihique vel absenti et longe dissito ad eorum contumaciam 
reprimendam et animos frangendos praesidii in te satis esse experiantur: 
quo, si quod speramus impetrauerimus, tuo beneficio nos id consecutos 
esse indicemus; sic tuorum erga te observantiam excitabis, aliosque, hoc 
tuo patrocinio, ad tuum nomen suspiciendum et colendum accendes; 



LETTERS TO SIR JOHN SKENE. 1 73 

quod beneficium mihi non erit tam charum, quam pietas erit in 
referenda gratia jucunda. Ego in te videre scirem, cum haec ad te 
scriberem, quantopere si alius esses in hac petitione (ut res mere fluunt) 
mihi foret elaborandum, plura scriberem. Nunc tibi (ut superioribus 
meis vnis atque alteris feci) omnem rem et causam meque totum trado et 
commendo uxorem tuam selectissimam illam matronam et cui ego 
secundum parentes plurimum debeo proprie et in primis deinde fratres 
liberosque tuos quam possum amanter et officiose saluto: vestramque in 
me benevolentiam raram hactenus et singularem virtute et observantia 
mea indies justiorem facere studebo. Vale Helmstadij Cal: Junij 1598 
Haec raptim 

Vestrre dignitatis studiosissimus 

GULIELMUS SKEN.EUS. 

Clarissimo et doctissimo Sexto Scotorum regi a tablino recon- 
ditiore senatu M. Johanni Skenseo patruo ac Mecaenati suo: sal: 
Edinburgum qua: est in Scotia vel Aberdoniam. 



Benigne Mecasnas et Reverende Patrue, Salue etc. 

Si valetis, bene est, nos quidem valemus. Secundum jam mensem 
Helmestadij subsistimus, unde nos ante literas ad vos dederamus, is dies 
erat 12 Maij, sed Hamburgi seniente peste, quando isthinc ad vos per- 
ferendas curaverimus, aut intercidisse aut ad vos perlatas nondum esse, 
suspicor : Itineris mei jam Dei gratia confecti ; quis sit futurus fructus, 
aut ubi manendum adhuc non satis video, adeo in incerto posita sunt 
omnia. Magnam experior in doctore Liddelio humanitatem, ut non 
satis mirari possim, illius in studiis meis promovendis studium singu- 
lare et industriam indefessam. Est ea natura ut populares summo amore 
prosequi, et modi's omnibus quibus potest, erigere soleat, banc eius piam et 
in omnes bonos propensam voluntatem si non auxerunt, saltern excitarunt 
tuas literal, amoris et benevolentiae plenissimae, quibus tantum illi injecisti 
studium, ut nihil quod mea causa suscipi possit, illi arduum aut difficile 
videatur ; vir est bonus, pius, et eruditus, qui cum non posset mihi ex 
animi sententia gratificari, hanc mihi rationem saltern prescripsit meas 



174 APPENDIX NO. II. 

res componendi : Scito (quod antea non provideram) in hac inclyta 
Academia in studiosorum gratiam, quorum facultates angusta? sunt, 
quatuordecim mensas communes, a principe extructas esse, quibus qui 
accumbunt, gratis omnino non vivunt, sedecim taleros pro victu exsol- 
vunt, quod reliquum est, princeps, (qua est in literarum studiosos munifi- 
centia) aeconomo, a thesaurario suo, quotannis representat, et laute sane 
et genialiter victitant. Quare cum tanta hie sit annonae caritas, si in 
mensam communem primo quoque tempore cooptarer bene consultum 
rationibus meis cxistimat, Liddelius, quoad uberiorem facultatem maiora 
praestandi, ars et natura indulserint. Cum hie obscurus sim et edicto ex 
aula, non ita pridem sit cautum, ne cives peregrinos post ponantur, tanto 
competitorum numero, eo res redacta est, ut istud beneficii consequendi 
spes omnis praecisa sit, nisi tuam authoritatem apud Reginam, de illius 
Uteris commendatitiis ad sororem, auferendis interponas, iisque quoad 
fidei possit, in hunc sensum conscriptis. 

Factum est ut Republica vestra literaria penitus perspecta, eiusque 
celebritatis amore accensus, Gulielmus Skena;us Scotus, pius et modestus 
adolescens, et de cuius indole meliora speramus, uberioris ingenii culturae 
Laurienda; erga, apud vos in inclyta Julia Academia aliquandiu subsistere 
exoptet, cumque illius facultates exiliores sint, quam ut eum sustcntare 
valeant, et nonnullum in Uteris nostris tcnuitati sua; presidium, arbitrare- 
tur, eas, amicis illius quibus deesse non poteramus, depraecatoribus, 
non aegre impctravit, quern velis ita commendamus, ut maiorem in 
modum commendare non possimus, et quandoquidem bonarum literarum 
studiosis, a vestra magnificentia bene consultum esse, ex illius ad nos 
Uteris non obscure, colligimus: Rogamus ut etiam 1111 hac in re com- 
modetis, et in aliis omnibus, qua; sine vestra molestia facere possitis, 
eumque in vestram fidem suscipiatis ut intelligat nos scripsisse de se, 
nostramque commendationem non vulgarem fuisse. Erit id nobis 
vehementer gratum. 

Hoc (mi patrue ac Mecaenas optime) non rarum est, non ita pridem 
nostras quidam M. Georgeus Strang, Edinburgenus qui ad vos rediit, 
eodem beneficio, iisdem Uteris frucbatur, noli itaque putare, me arduum et 
difficile quiddam a te contendere; sed quod nostratium plerisque ante 
indultum est, et licet, ut dixi magnus sit petitorum numerus, Hae Literae 
tanto erunt nobis subsidio ad aditum turn apud Principem turn apud viros 
doctos patefaciendum ut eos omnes, qui idem nobiscum ambiunt, non 



LETTERS TO SIR JOHN SKENE. 1 75 

videatur Liddelio aowarov, vel facile obducere: omnium utique studiorum 
plus minus octinginta, quid si mille dixerim ? omnium inquam qui hie 
vivunt, gloria et aestimatio ab aula pendet: et a Principis commendatione: 
Hisce serenissimae nostra? Reginae Uteris, et tuas adiunges ad D. 
Adamum Crusium veterem tuum amicum, et summae hie authoritatis, 
quibus rogabis ut aditum mihi apud principem faciat, mihique suam 
prestet in omnibus operam, ut cui tu honcstissime cupias, idque tibi 
gratum fore: Quid si etiam Dominum Doctorem Liddelium medicinae 
doctorem et in inclyta Julia Academia Helmestadiensi, superiorum 
mathematum professorem salutaveris, cuius nomine summam tibi dico 
salute mquique mihi tua causa, in omnibus quoad fieri possit, indies gratifi- 
cari non desunt: sed ista tuae erunt prudentiae et sapientiae, quern non fugit 
in omnibus, quid deceat et quid minus ; ista pluribus non persequor ne 
proverbium illud in me competat. Sus Minervam: Ego primum ignotus ab 
amicis et aestimationc inops, in ignota regione dolere, et ingemere ut 
frontem ferirem (ut ait Cicero) sed iam paulo facilius fero desiderium 
patriae et amicorum, modo tu bene valeas, a quo nostra salus pendet 
Hedelberg aut cogitabam, si fuisset integrum, sed quia tua videbatur 
voluntas ut nisi adducto indicio et explorate id fieri posset, nihil 
properarem, et quia longum est iter et infestum, et pro annonae laxitate 
quam sperabamus, eiusdem difficultatem mirum in modum experiamur, 
Basileae aiunt et Hedelbergae admodum compressam esse ex literis 
multorum quotidie ad nos perferatur, nondum mutamus sententiam nee 
constituemus quicquam, donee literas vestras acceperimus, et enim mihi 
nullo loco deesse vis, negocia nostra domestica tuae pristinae erga nos 
humanitati etiam atque etiam commendo, ad tua innumerabilia beneficia 
quaeso, si me amas, hoc adde vt cum nostra profectionis author fueris et 
caput (virtus inquam tua quae currenti stimulos addebat) meaeque 
tenuitati solus et unicus adjutor fueris, nihilo etiam minus extra patriam 
viventis rationem habere velis, quo in annos ad studia mea excolenda, ex 
iis quae ad nos jure spectant, aliqua subsidii spe tenemur ut magis secure 
liceat in legum amoenissimus viretis exspatiari, unde rerum mearum 
praesidia putem expectanda, hie siquidem tantus est litcratorum concursus 
ut tyronibus et neophytis non sit locus. Ranustis ex edicto principis 
silentium et modus impositus, est, aliarum facultatum professores hie sunt 
supra viginti: qui diligenter vident ne quid detrimenti patiantur a 
lectoribus privatis, quamobrem si aliqua mihi spes ex meo affulgeret, 



176 APPENDIX NO. II. 

quoad eos progressus nostra fecisset industria vt sua virtute nostram 
tenuitatem sustentare posset ct libcre profited audierem: turn alio me 
conferrem vt res tempusque postularent hoc si fiat ita te videam, vt mihi 
gratius nihil posset accidere, Tuamque amplitudinem (mihi crede) illus- 
trabit vt cum ab omnibus absentium iuxta praesentium amicorum curam 
gerere praedicaberis, in quos praeclare stabit Isocrates, 61 <puu\oi TrapovTW} 
<j>ikovs fxovov TifuOxrtv, uttovSuis oe kui /naxpuv uttovtck; aycnrwcrt. Haec 
hactenus non quod diffidens tuo in me adfectui, vt cui nihil in omni vita 
propositum erit magis, quam vt quotidie vehementius, te de me optime 
meritum esse laetere, scd rci magnitudo me monet, et sera parsimonia in 
fundo est. Novi quidam scribam regiam angliae (quod absit) fatis cessisse, 
id si verum, quin hactenus audiveritis non dubito, at Philippum 
Hispanorum regem supremum obiisset diem sunt qui apud nos pro 
certo adfirment, sub cuius mortem, classem ingentem in Anglos 
provectam, justo Dei judicio exorta pestilentia et tabe mire disjectam et 
afflictam esse persuadere nobis conantur, quorum suggestu et imprimis 
Liddelii ista scribo: Bene igitur vale, ne forte gravioribus (vt par est) 
districto molestus sim, et illas commendatitias quam primum mittas 
velim, ubi si te mihi commodum dederis, a te omnia habebo et divitiis 
superabo crassim. Iterum vale et uxori, selectissimae illi feminae de 
nobis imperpetuum bene merits, et liberis tuis ex me officiosam salutem 
dicito cui te diu salvum praestet et incolumem divinum innuen: 

Haec raptim et subito offerente se tabellario qui Rostochium 
tenderet 16 Julij. 

Tuae prudentiae 

observantissimus cliens 

GULIELMUS SKEN^US. 

1 8. 
Gratia Dei et Patris Christi sit cum tua dignitate in omnem 

aeternitatem. 
Amplissime ac nobilisime Domine si una cum tua familia valetudine 
quam optima eo praeditus, et felici rerum successu exanimi sententia 
frueris id mihi usque adeo est acceptum, tamque auditu jucundum, ut eo 
mihi nihil acceptius nihilque auditu jucundius accidere queat: Ad me 
vero quod attinet, tua amplissima dignitas sciat quod animo et corpore 



LETTERS TO SIR JOHN SKENE. 1 77 

divino beneficio quam optime sim affectus et constitutus, meaque professio 
quae in linguae hebraeae explicatione in hac inclita Academia mihi est 
demandata et concredita, non infeliciter procedat. Nam pro ratione 
hujus Academiae et horum temporum auditores satis multos habeo qui 
meis laboribus non solum quam optime sunt contenti sed etiam Deo 
pro illis agunt gratias quam maximas. Praeterea magnifice Domine 
universus totius Germaniae status praecipiti metu suspectus, et tenui filo 
humanitus loquendo suspensus est Nam verae et orthodoxae filii Dei 
Ecclesiae unde quaque damna et pericula imminet. 

Nam praeter Turcas et Hispanos de quibus ad nobilissimum et 
honestissimum Adolescentem Jacobum Balendinium scripsi, domestici 
hostes earn undique infestant, et opprimere conantur, Flaccianaca enim 
turba et pontificii quam durum et dirum inauditae, diabolicae acerbitatis 
virus in earn evomant, quantisque convitiis et maledictis illam agitent et 
conspuant vix prout verbis exprimi. Clamitant pleno gutture, et impu- 
dente ore omnia probra in innoxias profundunt, addunt etiam quod 
effrenis debacchandi licentia sit summa religio et viva verae fidei evepyeia 
atque luculentum Spiritus Sancti testimonium Mullerus etiam Witten- 
bergae ex suggestu publice Sanctam Mariam filii Dei matrem Calvinistam 
appellavit, ob id quod ex Angelo Dei, quaesiverit, quomodo filium paritura 
sit cum virum non agnoverit, omnibus modis dolendum esse dixit, quod 
sanctissimi quiqu,e calvinistico veneno sint infecti; haec in publica 
concione cum magna populi applausu per sarcasticum risum ebuccinavit, 
eaque res typis est excusa et in lucem emissa, sic omnes appellant 
Calvinistas qui hujus aut illius rei vel dogmatis rationem quaerunt. 

Volunt sibi simpliciter credi sive verum dixerint nee ne, volunt etiam 
Sancti Dei verba secundum literam ubique accipi, blatirant etiam Deum 
tarn potentem esse ut ea facile efficere queat, quae verbis concepta et 
enunciata sunt de vero et genuino eorum sensu non sunt admodum 
solliciti, Deum omnipotentem esse pleno gutture clamitant, quasi Deus 
omnia sine discrimine et voluntatis demonstratione factus sit, certe Dei 
potentia est solum voluntatis ejus ministra. Nam quae Deus vult et 
decernit voluntate, ea efficit et producit sua infinita potestate. Itaque a 
voluntate ad potentiam est conclusio vera, sed a potentia ad voluntatem 
concludendi ratio et admodum periculosa et blasphema: Nobis enim non 
alia Dei omnipotentia cogitanda est, quam qua; cum illius voluntati et 
sapientia congruit, quae autem omnipotentiam cum ejus voluntati sine 
Y 



178 APPENDIX NO. II. 

ejus demonstratione committunt, impii ettemerarii sunt, et Deum quodam 
modo in ordinem cogunt, cum Deus nequaquam ob id omnipotens sit, 
quasi ille ea facere velit quaecunque temeraria hominum et vana cogitatio 
conceperit et fieri voluerit; Sed ideo dicitur omnipotens, quod omnia ea 
facere possit, quaecunque verbo se facturum indicavit, Mirum sane 
omnibus modis est, quod illud hominum genus de Dei omnipotentia tarn 
libere apud imperitam multitudinem deblateret, et non aliter garriat, 
quam si omnipotentiam Dei ad sua frigida commenta et vanissima 
somnia comprobanda jure quodam conductam et quasi obstrictam 
haberet. Certe omnipotentia illis non solum est speciosum effugium 
apud promiscuam turbam, sed etiam est favorabilis praetextus. Vae a 
illis, quod omnipotentiam Dei omnium errorum quasi operculum et 
integumentum faciant. Cogor his addere unum quod Marpurgi et Martii 
factum est a superintendente Doct. Leuchlero, qui in publica concione 
audacter et confidenter hac proferre non erubuit sicuti dixit . si Deus me 
ad hominem creandum in consilium vocasset, consuluissem ipsi imo 
jussissem ut sinistram aurem non creasset sed ejus loco nasum posuisset, 
ac loco nasi unum magnum oculum pro utroque oculo fecisset, tarn 
absurda et blasphema proferre illis summa est religio. Ante quadri- 
ennium Cassellis simile quoddam contigit a Domino Johanne Winkel- 
manno qui eo tempore fuit ibi aulicus concionator, is in quadam concione 
in orthodoxos immodice invectus est, ita ut Wilhelmus Landgravius 
piissimae memoriae ipsum repraehenderit, dicens moderatius et parcius 
de illis dicendum et loquendum esse, cui Winkelmannus indixit satis 
impudcnter, diecns : Will dein E. dem H. Geist das maul stopfen, h.e. 
Vult tua dementia Sp. S. os obturare. Talia semper proferunt, et addunt 
se Calvinistas jam vicisse. Certe" vicerunt eos non argumentis sed 
convitiis et mendaciis, argumenta ex divinis Uteris petita nulla admittunt, 
sed scommata, calumnias, et omnis generis probra in orthodoxos evomunt 
et expuunt, et qui hoc non faciunt eos suspectos habent et Calvinistas 
esse clamitant. Sic ipsis calumniand. protervia est [torn] vera suae 
Ecclesiae nota. Profecto magnifice domine cum controversia nullis 
argumentis componi et finiri queant, omnibus modis metuendum est, 
illas Deum hastis Turcarum dirimere velle, de quibus ad Jacobum 
Balendinium copiose" scripsi, Ea cujus Uteris Turcarum copias et conatus 
tua magnificentia cognoscere potcrit. Postremo clarissime Domine 
ante mensem Casparus Peucerus constantissimus et ipsissimus filii Dei 



LETTERS TO SIR JOHN SKENE. 1/9 

Martyr hie Heidelbergas fuit, qui tuam dignitatem plurimum salutare 
jussit, haec erant ejus verba. Johannem Schinneum meum veterem et 
carissimum amicum meis verbis officiose saluta. Mi Domine Vix est 
credibile quam sit adhuc vegetus, cum jam agat fere annum 70. Virium 
nulla est facta debilitatio, solummodo oculi illi aliquantum caligant. 

Vale magnifice Domine, in filio Dei quam beatissime et me 
Rennecherum tuum veterem et carissimum amicum amare perge. 
Jacobum Balendinium communem nostrum amicum officiosissime 
salutaris quasso. Emdse magna seditio exorta est inter comitem et 
cives propter religionem de qua alias. Datum Heidelbergae. 9 Aprilis. 

Tuae ampliss. dignitati addictissimus, 

HERM: RENNECHERUS. 
[In different hand'] Hermannus RENNECHERUS. 

Magnifico ac nobilissimo viro Domino Johanni Schinneo 
Serenissimi Regis Scotorum Consiliario dignissimo veteri fautori 
ac Domino suo summa observantia colendo. 

Edenburgum in Scotia. 



APPENDIX N° III. 

Laudatory Verses addressed to Sir John Skene on his 
publishing the regiam majestatem in 1609. 

Ad 

Joannem Skenasvm Collegam 

Suum in Senatu et Archiotam. 

Tandem hoc palimpsestum in manus vulgi exijt, 

Tcrsum, elaboratum, elegans. 
Sed forte nescis quid tulerit hie Hercules 

Bovile purgans sordidum : 
Crede mihi multa devoravit tasdia, 

Multos trymixos ebibit. 
Itc, ite, vappae desides, Germaniam 

Lustrastis, et qui Gallias, 
Nee quid reportastis domum prseter novas 

Amystides, ceu syntheses. 
Loquuntur ista qualiter se gesserit 

SKEN/EVS in puertia, 
Vbi vix per aetatem attigit Rempublicam, 

Rebusque sese immiscuit, 
Ad Teutones, Anglos, Danos, et Battavos 

Legatus ilico mittitur. 
Jd qua fidelitate, munificentia 

Testatur ista Principis. 
Qui hunc legit ex tot millibus reducem, cui 

Archiva Regni crederet. 



VERSES TO SIR JOHN SKENE. iSl 

Tanti est benigno, et liberali Principi 

Servire, qui nullum suae 
Benignitatis qualitercunque meritum, 

Dimittere exsortem solet. 

P. ROLLOCVS. 



Ad 

Joannem Skenaevm Archivorvm 

publicorum Regni Scotias custodem dignissimum, 

Carmen Epicon. 

Recte (ita Dij faveant cceptis, cursusque secundent) 
Dum cessant alij, prope solus publica curas 
Commoda ; securus rerum, SkeN/EE, tuarum, 
Si prosis aliis : hoc vere est non sibi nasci, 
Sed patriae : nam quam patriae, doctissime, partem 
Debueras ortus, magno cum fcenore reddis. 
At postquam virtus meriti non immemor vnquam 
Digna laboratis despondit praemia curis, 
Et licuit, tandem chartis te reddere nunquam 
Ante tuis, primum blattis epulanda relicta, 
Magnorum consulta patrum, Regumque priorum 
Jussa, sacro veneranda metu, temerandaque nulli, 
Impune, in puras educis luminis auras. 
Nee solum sole, et ccelo te auctore fruuntur, 
Verumetiam (meriti tanta est fiducia) rerum 
Jam sibi tractandas, audent promittere habenas, 
Vis, furor, et fraudes, terras formidine solvent. 
Et quae despectae, sub tristi carcere leges 
Obductaeque situ, et multa caligine tectae 
Aruerant ; nivea per te nune veste refulgent : 
Et manibus Domini, et patrum, populique feruntur. 
Quin etiam fontes legum, et cunabula pandis, 
Quoque cadant juris deducta vocabula ab ortu, 
Ouidque ferant, docto hoc tradis dictata libello. 
Macte animi, nulli deerunt virtutis honores, 
Nee mentis pretium : tenet, aeternumque tenebit, 



APPENDIX NO. III. 

Imperium Steuarta domus, nee contigit vnquam 
Gratior, aut cui plus debent hsec tempora PRINCEPS, 
Qui quanquam laudes longe transgressus avitas 
Quamque inter Reges assurgat celsior omnes, 
Solus amat doctosque colit, doctissimus ipse, 
Solus amat verum, et veterum vestigia recti, 
Jllius mandata ferens melioribus annis. 
Majorem Europe partem legatus obisti, 
Js tibi, sed facilis, merito, sed plura merenti 
Praesentis virtutum ergo, despondit honores, 
Pluribus aucturus ; sed nos quod possumus vnum 
Te memores meriti, aeterno sacrabimus xvo. 
Et quanvis prima; peragentur secula vitae, 
Nobilis omne tamen vives, doctissime, in aevum, 
Dum Sol sidereo ponet discrimina mundo, 
Et memores repetent seri tua scripta nepotes, 
Phcenicemque suo cineri superesse videbunt. 

Aliud 
Dum lucem tenebrae, tenebras lux alma sequetur, 

Dum Steuarta domus Regia sceptra feret : 
Non merite Skene.e tui morientur honores, 

Phcenicem cineri scis superesse suo. 

Thomas Cragivs. 

Archiotai D. Skenajo, &c. 
Nee tu nullus en's, cui tot prius abdita Princeps 

Credidit Archivis jura ruenda suis. 
Primus ab his, tantum patriis cum legibus addas 
Lumen, erit calami gloria prima tui. 

Patkicivs Sandisvs. 

Ad virvm clarissimvm 
D. Joan. Skenaevm. 
Qva SKEN/EE domo, quibus es majoribus ortus, 
Ouaque tuum longa ducas ab origine nomen, 



VERSES TO SIR JOHN SKENE. 

Ignorem licet (extreme- quod dissitus orbe, 
Vix hausi latitans tantae primordia famae) 
Viva tamen summo de pectore flumina vidi 
Ire indefesso per secla sequentia cursu. 
Dum veterum ponis leges ex ordine Regum, 
Quae terra procul, et caeca caligine mersae, 
Delituere prius, picto Iudibria muro. 
Tu tamen ausus eras, regale notus in aula, 
Vndique melifluos legum diffundere rivos, 
Pandere et obscura primas ab origine voces ■ 
Vt Regum summis, atque imis jussa paterent : 
Vt caedes, vt furta, doli, scelerataque fraudum 
Impietas (horrendum odium mortalibus segris) 
Lurida praepetibus fugerent sub tartara pennis. 
Tu, Sken^e, doces quanto conamine Reges, 
Nobilitate pares, et avito sanguinis ortu, 
Dissimiles animis, similes pietate, potentes 
Imperio, cuncti justo moderamine legum 
Incubuere suae multum decus addere genti. 
Insignes Steuarta dedit domus vnica leges, 
Qua duce, non metuit saevos gens ista tumultus. 
Quis nobis impune hostis prior intulit arma, 
Ausus et insano Martis contendere bello? 
Legibus haud vnquam gens est melioribus vsa, 
Nee plus consilio, virtute, potentibus armis, 
Angustis poterant mortales sedibus vlli. 

j^* Quis te Justitiae, quis pacis amantior alter ? 
Infido quis te, Princeps, clementior hosti ? 
Quis vera pietate Prior? tua fama per orbem 
Spargitur, ignotas inter celeberrima gentes. 
Magnanimis figis leges et sceptra Britannis: 
Et quondam duo regna, tuo, Rex, subjicis vni 
Imperio, superas omnes virtute, Priores, 
Et mentis nomen longe transcendis avitum: 
Astra velut nitido vincit splendore Selene. 

Te celebres SkeN/EE manent per secula laudes, 
Nominis et major post mortem surget imago, 



183 



184 APPENDIX NO. III. 

Quod sacras Regum tantorum scribere leges 
Non metuis, cement seri tua facta nepotes, 
Ingenium, viresque tuas super aethera tollent 
Laudibus, aeterna moriens celebrabere fama. 
Omne tuum merito nomen florebit in aevum. 
Celsior et Princeps.cui tota BRITANNIA paret, 
(Qualem Justitia, qualem pietate videbunt 
Nulla senescentis, sic fama est, secula mundi) 
Praemia digna tuis meritis feret: ille disertis, 
Facundisque favet longe facundior vllo. 

Aliud ejvsdem ad evndem 

Skenaevm. 

Littora dum tumidis resonantia fluctibus aequor 

Verberat, et tellus ictibus icta gemit: 
Donee Sol roseo properet festinus ab ortu, 

Occiduas cursu dum parat ire domos : 
Magna tuse in terras famae volitabit imago, 

Et Celebris toto lex erit orbe tua. 
Et tua scripta palam multorum ante ora ferentur, 

Maeonidae nee erit laus tua laude minor. 

WlLHEL. SlMONIDES, 
Britannoduni gregis Pastor. 



Ad. CI. V. Dn. Joannem Skenaeum Archivis praefectum, pro infinitis 
suis laboribus in libros Regiae Majestatis et in amicitia; 
tesseram ii'Ko/j.iu<;iKoi'. 

Magna tibi SKEN/EE, tuo nunc gloria facto 
Exsurgit: priscas dum promis in ordine leges; 
Et Regum reseras jussa, ac monumenta priorum ; 
Semisepulta quidem, multisque incognita seclis: 
Sic generi antiquo nos reddis : et inclyta per te, 
Omnibus in lucem, pia virgo ASTR.-EA refulget: 
Nuper, ab indignis, nobis rediviva lacunis: 
Scotum ergo eximium, nunc felix Scotia, jactes 
Ipsa tuum: felix tantis natalibus vna. 



VERSES TO SIR JOHN SKENE. 

Quid tibi pro merito, poterit promittere virtus? 
Quis te, virtutesque tuas, ignorat ineptus ? 
Justitiae, jurisque comes, Themidosque Sacerdos, 
Qui nobis, patriseque decus, qui pectore toto, 
Virtuti invigilas, meritoque exsurgis in altum. 
Macte equidem virtute tua, (vir maxime) felix 
Pone metum, aeternum spondent tibi sydera honorem. 
Et vivet nunquam periturae gloria famae : 

Nil duraturum mundus creat, ignis et aer, 
Cunctaque corruptis, obeunt elementa figuris. 
Quin et purpureus stellarum exercitus, alto 
Cardinc ccelorum, occasus patiuntur et ortus : 
Quicquid habens ortum, finem timet : omnia poscit 
Terra, vorace sinu : nihil immortale sub astris : 

Ast opus exactum est, quod non Jovis ira, nee ignis 
Nee poterit ferrum, nee edax abolere vetustas, 
Regia dum vasti, resonabit machina mundi. 

Ergo vale Sk.EN.4IE, tibi laus maxima : sic tu 
Progredere, O felix, fatoque accede vocanti, 
Invidiaque omni major, super astra triumpha. 

Joannes Rvssellvs, J. C. et ii 
supremo Senatu, Advocatus. 



APPENDIX N° IV. 

Letters connected with Transactions between 
Sir John Skene and his Sons.* 



Letter from the Archbishop of Glasgow to King James. 

Most Sacred and Graciousc Soveraigne — 

I resavit your Maiesties letter the first of November, commanding 
me to declare anent Sir Jhon Sken and his childrenis effairis, on qhose 
syd the agrement fayled, and particularly if the twentie day of Julj last 
vves precislic appointed for agrement of al materis controvertit amongst 
tham, and conditioun maid, that if the Father fulfilled not suche thingis as 
wer on his part desyrit, Sir James suld be fre of al conditionis maid to his 
brother, Mr. Jhon. Pleise your Maiestie, the truthe is, that hafing 
resavit your Maiesties letter to deal with tham for thair agrement in May 
last, I travellit to haif it done according to these groundis qhiche wer layit 
be your Maiesties servant, Jhon Murray, to tham bothe, at thair being at 
Courte, qhiche war thir: That Sir James suld gif his father surtie for 
sex and threttie hundreth merkis Scots, to be payit to him yeirly during 
his lyftym, and that without ony conditioun to be done be the father; 
and for Mr. Jhon, his brother, that how soon he suld obtein Sir James to 
be infeft in the landis of Curreyhil, and ane sex thousand merkis lying 
vpon Saltoun, and mak payment to him of the sowm of twelf thowsand 
merkis, that sa soone he suld haif the office of Clerkschip provydit him. 
Qhen I preasit Sir James to gif his father surtie, he excusit himself that 
he culd not do it, unlesse he wer infeft in Curyhil and that sex thowsand 

'These letters and those under the next head are taken from "Original Letters 
relating to the Ecclesiastical Affairs of Scotland " printed by the Bannatyne Club. 



LETTERS RELATING TO SIR JOHN SKENE. 1 8/ 

merkis. As I laboret the Father to infeft him, he refusit, except his 
brether wer satisffeit ; so I wes forcit to leave that point, and se if I culd 
agre the brether. In treating with tham, a questioun fel in, qho suld pay 
the father his last yeiris dewtie. Sir James alledgit that he suld haif 
twelf thowsand merkis clear, and if he wer compellit to gif his father sex 
and threttie hundreth, it wald diminische so muche, and conditionis suld 
not be kept to him. Mr. Jhon his brother answerit, that it wes reason 
his father suld be payit furthe of the profit of the office be tham that 
had brukit it, and for him self, he wald pay the twelf thowsand merkis 
appointet be Jhon Murray. Finding this stay, I desyrit tham to referre 
the mater to the said Jhon, his declaratioun and a wryting to be sent to 
Jhon be eche of tham, qharin thai suld referre tham selfis in that point to 
his determinatioun ; qhiche thai wer content to do; And because the 
father was impatient of al delay, I travellit earnestly with him to grant 
me the twentie day of Julj, till I mycht resaif answer in the point 
questioned between the brether from Jhon Murray, and at that tym I 
promisit to mak end of the busines ; After earnest entreatie, I obtcnit 
his gud wil for that continewatioun, and this wes the cause of appointing 
the twentie of Julj, at qhiche day I assurit the Father, according to the 
hopis I had, that materis suld be endit to his contentment ; but to Sir 
James or his brether, I maid no conditioun, nor had not occasioun to 
mak ony. 

In the mean tym, I travellit with Sir James, that he suld pay the 
yeiris dewtie to his father ; and if Jhon Murray determined the questioun 
on his syd, this money suld be repayit be his brother to him ; quhairvnto 
he yieldit. About the 20 of Julj, Jhon Murrayis answer returnit, declar- 
ing that Sir James suld pay the yeiris dewtie to his father. Sir James, 
thocht not wel contentit with the answer, sayit he wold acquiesce ; then 
I presit Mr. Jhon to obtein his brother infeft in the landis of Curryhil, 
and the sex thousand merkis of Saltoun. He answeret, that his father 
wold infeft him in Curryhil, but not in the sex thousand merkis, qhiche 
wes disponit to another brother. I requyrit him to se that recompensit 
otherwyse, because this wes a part of Jhon Murrayis decreit. He 
answerit, that he wes in hope, be Jhon Murrayis friendschip, to ben 
repossessit to his place of horningis be the Clerk of Register, and if that 
wer done, he wold fulfil conditiounes, otherwyse he culd not, without 
vndoing him self. We spendit in this sum sex or seven dayis. 



1 88 APPENDIX NO. IV. 

Persaving great difficulties to compone matteris between the brether, 
I dealt with Sir James that he wold satisffie his father in gifing him 
securitie for his yeirly dewty, and for al other thingis tak his hasart of his 
father's gud wil ; quhairunto at last he yeildit, and namit sum seven or eight 
cationeris with him in the band, qhiche I gaif his father, and he wes thair- 
with content. Qhen the band wes in forming, the President, be occasioune of 
a complaint maid to him anent the delyvering of a bil, meanit to the Lordis, 
that thair culd be no order, sa lang as one of the number of Sessioun 
had the command of that office, and vrgit muche the repayring of this ; 
qhairvpon Sir James him self, and other freindis, desyrit me to speak to 
his brother, and craif his answer, qhither or not he wold accept the place 
vpon the conditionis. The Sessioun rose a day after or two, and being 
to go towardis St. Androise for sum effairis, I kept a meting between tham 
in Sir James' garden at Edinburgh ; William Creichtoun of Ryhill wes 
with me, and ane Forbes, a freind of thairis. Mr. Jhon wes lothe to 
vndertak for the sex thowsand merkis of Saltoun. I presit him earnestly 
to do it, and that tryst left materis to his advysement vntil the fyve 
and twentie of August, at qhiche tym, meting at Edinburgh, Mr. Jhon 
declarit he wold fulfil al conditionis, and for the sex thowsand merkis of 
Saltoun, qhiche his father could not be inducit to gif Sir James, he suld 
pay him other sex thousandis, on this maner, that is, relief the landis of 
Curryhil of four thowsand merkis, with hiche burthen Sir James suld ever 
acceptit the sam, and mak him suretie for other two thowsand at the 
decease of his father and mother. Sir James stood a qhyl that he wold 
haif no other sex thowsand than that of Saltoun ; but qhen I had declarit 
him how this wold be thocht very vnreasonable dealing, he left it, and 
schew himself content with that point. Then we talkit of the twelf 
thowsand merkis, and how it suld be payit. Sir James presit instant 
payment. Mr. Jhon offerit surtie to the term. At last, because Sir 
James wold not resigne the office without the money wes numerit, Mr. 
Jhon maid offer of the sam presently : then I thocht al had been endit. 
I inqyyrit Sir James if thair wes ony more to be done or spoken of: he 
said, nothing but sum particularis that he and his brother wold talk of 
amongst tham selfis, qhiche suld tak no money from him. We suld haif 
met the morn after and concludit, but Sir James excuisit himself that he 
wes diseasit, and sent his gudfather and sum other freinds to mein his 
cace, and request me to be freindly. I told tham, my travelis wer only 



LETTERS RELATING TO SIR JOHN SKENE. 1S9 

be your Maiesties command, that I had procedit after suche maner, and 
brocht tham to agre in al thingis, nothing restit but to perform. They 
told me, Sir James culd not quyt the office without great losse, and wold 
had me to propone other conditionis, qhiche I eschewit. So persaving 
the schift, I prayit tham to muif him to gif his father securitie, else I 
wold mak my report to your Maiestie, as I wes commandit, and for the 
brether, I wold leif that busines to another tym. They said he suld. 
Qhen I lukit to haf the band subscryvit be him and his cationeris, thai 
returnit and offerit Sir James himself suldsubscryve it; but the cationeris 
culd not tak on the burthen. Qhen I told them it wes no securitie 
except the cationers subscryvit, thai said, thai wold gif the father 
securitie during Sir James' lyftym, and so longe as he brukit the office, 
but no longer. I answerit tham, the father behovit to be securit for his 
tym, qhither Sir James livit or deyit, and if thai fearit to bind them selfis 
in this sort, qhy wold not thai counsil him to end with his brother, Mr. 
Jhon, as thai had agreit, and Mr. Jhon wold mak his father securitie ? 

Finding I culd prevail nothing, nether for the fatheris securitie, nor to 
haif the agrement maid with his brother perfytit, I went to my Lord 
Secretary and cravit his advyse, schewing his Lordship the state of 
materis, reading your Maiesties letter, for I took that with me to him. 
He advysit me to requyr both parties submit tham selfis to freindis, and 
to me as him qhom your Maiestie had trustit with the busines. This I 
did ; the father wes content ; only because it was not semly he suld 
submit with his sonne, he said Mr. Jhon suld tak burthen for him, qhiche 
wes thocht sufficient. Sir James desyrit a continewatioun to the fyftent 
of September, and put me in hope he wald submit, and his freinds schew 
me the tym wes cravit only to gif sum satisfactioun to his gud-mother, 
that culd not be movit to agre with the decisioun of the Clerkship. I 
took the submissioun subscryvit be Mr. Jhon as taking the burthen from 
his father, and submitting also for himself, and gaif the father to under- 
stand that Sir James wold certainly do the lyk, and that al materis suld 
end be decreit the fyftent of September. Qhen the day cam, I fand the 
submissioun refusit in effect, for thai wold haif me try ane contract 
between the father and Archd. Jhonstoun, qhen he contractit his sonne 
with thair dochter, qhiche I denyit to enter into as being impertinent to 
me ; and yit, to se if that wold do any gud, I went to the father, and 
before Sir Jhon Arnot and Sir James Stewart, talkit in that purpose with 



IQO APPENDIX NO. tV. 

him. I fand him gif satisffactioun in his answeris, so as it semit thair wes 
nothing to be requyret of him, qhiche he wes not willing to perform. 
But seing tham set only to stay the perfyting of matters agreit between 
Sir James and his brother, I dischargit my self of further travelling, and 
told tham, I would mak my report to your Maiestie, qhiche I did, thocht 
not in such particulars as now. 

Sire, this is the true procedinge of matteris amongest them. I wes 
very careful to haif had tham agreit, specially to haif keipt your Maiestie 
from thair faschery. I piteit the estait of the aged man, qho wes brocht 
to the termis of hard necessitie, either be the unkyned or incircumspect 
dealing of his sonne. I lovit the sonne for the gud qualities I saw in 
him, and often bothe in privat and publick, before his freindis, entreatit 
him to rubbe away that blot be his father's satisfactioun, tho it wer 
with his worldly losse, and gaif him also lovinge and freindlie, I am 
sure better, counsellis, than he had from his allya. But they took no 
place. Sir, I know to tel the truth gettis offense, yit I fear nothing to 
do it, specially being commandit be your Maiestie; and voyd of al 
particular affectioun, inclyning to none of tham, God is my witnesse, but as 
I saw the matter mufit me, and to testifie as your Maiestie requyris me, 
on qhat syd the agreement faylit: Sir, it faylit on Sir James' parte, qho if 
he had stand to that qhiche wes desyrit be him self of his brother, it had 
been setlit, and your Maiestie not been trublit, and the blame of this lyis, 
and at that tym, as I understand, lay vpon his mother-in-law, qhom he 
fearis to displease. 

I beseche your Maiestie pardon for my long and tediouse discourse, 
since it is maid to clear thingis to your Maiestie. Praying Almychtie 
God to blesse your Maiestie with al health and happiness, I humbly tak 
my leave. 

Your Maiestie's humble and obedient servitour, 

Glasgow, 

Edinburgh the 2nd of November, 1613. 
To His Most Sacred Maiestie. 



Letter, Sir John Skene to King James. 
Sir, 

It may pleis your Maiestie, that your vndeservit favour and beneuo- 
lence toward me hes bene so gryt and fauorable, that in all my trubillis 



LETTERS RELATING TO SIR JOHN SKENE. 191 

and adversiteis I have had recourse to your Maiestie as my onlie refuge, 
and helper, vnder God ; swa now, I have taken the baldnes, nochtwith- 
standing your Maiesties gryt effaires, to remember your Hienes of the 
lettir your Maiestie directit to my Lordis of Glasquow and Secretar, 
anent the office of Registration of Letteris of Hornying quhilk your 
Maiestie promisit to me, to cause the samyn to be given to my son, 
Mr. Alexander, and wes wrangouslie takin fra my son, Mr. Johne. And 
that thai suld deall with this Clerk of Register to that effect; quho lies 
done thair diligence thairanent, and desyrit the samyn mater to be referrit 
tothame; as Jugis Arbitratouris ; quhilk I and my son readelie obeyit. 
Bot this Cierk of Register alluterlie refusit, and wald na wayis gif ony 
other answer in that mater. Swa my Son is delayit and postponit, and I 
am disappointit of the summe of ane thowsand markis yeirlie, qhilk my 
Son, obteining that office, suld pay unto me yeirlie, induring my lyftym. 
Quherof I dout nocht but your Maiestie will have respect on consideration, 
and caus direct your Hienes letter to the said Clerk of Register, 
commanding him to gif the said office to my said Son, conform to your 
Maiesties will, and promise made to me thereanent. I am assurit of your 
Hienes guid will in this my Petition, as I have had guid experience of 
your Maiesties fauour and beneuolence for my lewing and esteat ; and sua 
committis your Maiestie to the protection of Almichtie God. From 
Edinburgh, the ix. day of August, 1614. 

Your Maiestie's humill and obedient seruitour and subject, 

S. John Skene. 
To the Kinsjis Sacred Maiestie. 



3. 

Letter, the Archbishop of Glasgow and Lord Binning 
to King James. 

Most Sacred and Gratiouse Soueraigne — 

The expectations we had to haif wrocht sum agrement between the 
Lord of Register and Sir Jhon Skein, movit us to differ the Report of 
our travellis in that business unto this tym. According as your Maiestie 
was plesit to direct us, that we suld travel to haif Maister Alexander 
Sken resavit in the office of homings, or then cause sum satisffactioun 



192 APPENDIX NO. IV. 

be gefin him be the Clerk of Register; we urgit the first, and hafing 
resavit his answer twiching the office, that he could not dispone it for 
dyverse reasons, we cam to the second, anent satisfactioun. The Clerk of 
Register offerit to submit himself to us two, in that point; only excusit, 
that he could not submit with Mr. Alexander Sken, as ane with qhom 
he had no thing to do, but with his father or brother, that had the office 
before, he wes willing. We bothe thocht that none of tham suld differr 
upon that point to agre, for if he gaif satisfactioun, it wes al one to him 
qho suld resaif it, if he suld be dischargit be them al. But he answerit, 
that he had signefeit his mynd to your Maiestie in those termis, qhiche 
he culd not alter without your Maiesties commandement. On the other 
syd we fand them noway inclynit to resaif satisfactioun, because the 
burthen lay upon Maister Alexander, be thair privat barganis amongst 
tham selfis, to mak payment to his father out of the office, yeirly, of the 
sowm of ane thowsand merkis Scottis, qhiche thai knew the satisfactioun 
that wold be modefeit suld never extend to. And so, finding these 
difficulties, we haif left the busines and tham to do as thai may best. 
Sir, this is the true account of our proceedings in that mater, qhairin, as 
in al things, we sal ever be careful at our possibilities to serve as your 
Maiestie sal pleise to command us. Praying Almychtie God to blisse 
your Maiestie with al happines, and many yeirs, we humbly kisse your 
Maiesties hands. 

Your Maiesties most humble and obedient servants, 

Glasgow. 
Binning. 

Edinburgh, last of September, 1614. 
To his most Sacred Maiestie. 



APPENDIX N° V. 

Proceedings connected with a Complaint against Sir James 
Skene of Curriehill, for not Communicating at Easter, 1619. 



Act of Privy Council. 

Apud Halyrudhous decimo septimo Junij 1619. 
Sederunt. 

Chancellair Camegy Clerk of Register 

Lotheane Mr. of Elphinstoun Aduocat 

Melros Previe Seall Medhop 

Lauderdaill Thesaurair Depute Mr. P. Rollok 

Maxucll Justice Clerk Sir Andro Kerr 

L. Gordoun Sir Peter Young 

Forsameikle as althocht the Kingis Maiestie, be his letters directit to 

the Lordis of his Maiesties Previe Counsall and Session, willed thame to 

have ressaueit the Communion at Easter last, with all dew reuerence, efter 

the maner prescryued be the ordouris and actis of the last Generall 

Asscmblie of the Kirk haldin at Perthe, under the pane to be depoised 

from thair placeis in his Maiesties Counsall and Sessioun, and that, 

accordinglie, Sir James Skeene of Curryhill wes aduertesit to have com- 

municat with the rest of his Maiesties Counsall and Sessioun, neuirtheles 

his Maiestie is crediblie informed that he not only absentit himselff frome 

Edinburgh at that tyme, but to the gritter contempt of his Maiestie and 

his authoritie, he took the Communioun in ane vther kirk, and eftir ane 

vther forme than was prescryued be the actis of the said Assemblie, and 

confermed be his Maiestie. And quhairas his Maiestie thinks it ane 

A A 



194 APPENDIX NO. V. 

vnworthie pairt in ane to sit as a Judge under his Maiestie, who by his 
awne good example will not leade the way of dewtyfull obedience vnto 
others. Thairfoir the Lords of Secreit Counsall, according to his 
Majesties directioun, ordanis ane messenger to pas and warne the said 
Sir James to compeir personallie befoir the saidis Lordis vpoun the 
twentie tua dayof Junij instant, to ansuer to the premisses, and to hear and 
sie the same verifeit and provin, as accordis of the law ; And thairfor to 
heir and sie him suspendit from his place in his Maiesties Counsall and 
Sessioun till his Maiesties farder pleasour be knowin ; or ellis to schaw ane 
reassonabill caus quhy the samin sould not be done, with certificatioun to 
him, and he failzie, the saidis Lordis will suspend in maner foirsaid. 



Letter, the Lords of Privy Council to His Majesty 
King James. 

Most Sacred Souerane — 

According to youre Maiesteis directioun, we callit Sir James Skene 
of Curriehill before ws, and verie straitlie layed to his charge his 
dissobcdience of youre Maiesties command and directioun, in not communi- 
cating with the rest of youre Maiesties Counsell and Sessioun, in the 
Kirk of Edinburgh, at Easter last, and for going to ane other Kirk, and 
ressaueing the Communioun after ane other forme then wes prescryued be 
the Actis of the last Generall Assemblie haldin at Perthe; and we urgeit 
him to cleir himsellf of thir pointis, upoun the parrell to be suspendit 
from his place in Counsell and Sessioun. After that he had vtterit his 
greiff and sorrow for your Maiesties offence tane againis him in this 
particulair, quhairof he pleadit innocent, with mony protestationis that 
his hairt wes free frome all contempt or dissobedience of youre Maiestie, 
and that, in sinceritie of most loyall and dewtifull subjectioun, he had 
ever preast to approve him selff your Maiesties faithfull and obedient 
subject, he then come to his defence againis the lybell : And tuicheing 
the first point thairof, for not communicating at Easter, he ansuerit, that 
that haill vveeke he wes Ordinair in the vtter House, and Reportair, and 
that vpoun Satterday, quhilk wes the day for thesermone of preparatioun, 



PROCEEDINGS AGAINST SIR JAMES SKENE. 195 

his turne fell to be examinatour of the witnessis, and that he wes speciallie 
commandit and appoyntit to attend the same, quhairupoun he awaited 
frome twa of the cloke till sax of the cloke at night ; and being lhairby 
nccessarlie distractit frome the sermone of preparatioun, he could not be 
prepairit to communicat upon the morne thairefter: And tuichcing his 
going to ane other Kirk to communicat, he flatlie denyit the same, 
affermeing constantlie, that he keipt his house that foirnoone, and that he 
come to the afternoones sermoun, and satt in the ordinair place with the 
rest of the Lordis of the Scssioun; quhilkis tua pointis, to witt, of his 
examinatioun of the witnesses upon Easter evin, and comeing to the 
afternoones sermone upoun Easter day, we can all testifie to be of trewthe; 
and so finding no verificatioun of the informatioun gevin to youre 
Maiestie in this mater, we could proceid no forder thairintill, bot hes 
remittit the same to youre Maiesteis princelie consideratioun, humblie 
beseekeing youre Maiestie not to tak in evill pairt the said Sir James his 
not communicatting the day foirsaid, quhilk proceidit not upoun wilfull 
contempt or dissobedience, but upoun the just and necessair occasioun 
foirsaid ; and we perswade our selffis, that as he wil be cairfull to eshew 
all occasionis quhilkis may procure youre Maiesties iust caus of wraithe 
and offence againis him, so he will haif the lyke cair to approve him selff 
your Maiesteis faithfull and good subject. And so, with oure humble 
and earnist prayers vnto God for your Maiesteis long and happie reignne, 
we rest 

Your Maiesties most humble and obedyent subjectis and servitouris, 

Al. Cancell. 

LOTHIANE. MELROS. 

S. VV. Oliphant. George Hay. 

KlLSAYTH. CARNEGY. 

A. Hay. A. M. Elphinston. 

Halirudhous, xxiiij Junij, 1619. 

To the King his most sacred, 
and excellent Maiestie. 



196 APPENDIX NO. V. 



His Majesty King James to the Lords of Privy Council. 

[James R.] 

Ryght trustie and right wellbeloueit Cousens and Counsallouris, and 
right trustie and weilbelouit counsallouris, We greit yow weill, we haue 
receiued your letters of the four and twentieth of the last moneth, 
wherby we vndcrstoode your proceedingis with Sir James Skcine, and 
his ansueris to suche poyntes as wer layde to his charge, and We 
thoght vpoun the first informatioun maid to ws, We haid verie good 
caus of suspitioun and pregnant presumptioun against him ; yett are We 
glaid by your reportes to vnderstand the treuthe of his behaviour in that 
poynte ; and as ye have in pairt satisfeit Ws, so the only meane for him 
to gif Ws full satisfactioun and caus Ws reteine a goode oppinioun of him, 
is, if he sail with all cxpeditioun, at any plaice quhair the Communioun 
sail first be celebrated, receave the same kneilling ; and not doubting bot 
in the mean tyme he will approve his conformitic to the constitutionis 
in all vther poyntis, We bid yow fairweill. 

Givin at Our Castle of Windesoir, the sixt of Julij, 1619. 



APPENDIX N° VI. 

Patent of Baronetcy in favour of Sir James Skene of 
Curriehill, 26th June, 1630.* 

Oure Souerane lord with avise and consent of his Majesties rycht 
traist cousen and counsallour Johnne Earle of Mar lord Erskene and 
Gareoch etc his hienes principall thesaurer comptroller collector and 
thesaurer of his hienes new augmentationes of the Kingdome of Scot- 
land And als with avise and consent of his Majesties rycht traist cousen 
and counsallour Archibald lord Naper of Merchistoun his Majesties 
Deput in the saidis offices and of the remnant lordis of his Majesties 
exchequer of the said Kingdome of Scotland his Majesties commis- 
sioneris ffor propagatioun of Christian religioun within the boundis of 
new Scotland by and within the boundis of America (joyning to the 
countrey of new England thair) laitlie discoverit and surveyit be his 
Majesties trustie counsallour Sir Williame Alexander of Menstrie Knycht 
his hienes principall secritare of the said Kingdome of Scotland upoun 
his awin great charges and expenssis alsweill be sea and schipping as be 
land and now heritabill proprietar of the samen countrey and dominion 
and his Majesties Lievtenent and deput within the samen boundis and 
for the weill and furtherance of the plantation and policie of the said 
countrey and reducing the samen under his Majesties obedience and for 
gude and thankfull service done to his Majestie be Sir James Skene of 
Curriehill Knycht President of the College of Justice of Scotland and 
for divers utheris great and wechtie considerationes moving his hienes 
Ordines ane charter to be maid under the great seale of the said King- 
dome of Scotland in dew forme Gevand Grantand and Disponand as his 

*This is more properly the Signature for the Royal Charter, which would be in Latin, 
and seems to have perished in the Ruhislaw charter chest. 



198 APPENDIX NO. VI. 

Majestie with avise foirsaid gevis grantis and dispones to the said Sir 
James Skene of Curriehill Kyncht his aires male and assignais quhatsum- 
ever heritablie all and haill that pairt and portion of the saidis boundis 
cuntrey and dominioun of New Scotland particularlie boundit and limitat 
as followis To witt Beginand at the west syde of that river now callit 
Clyde and formerlie St. John at the north or upper end of the landis 
barony and regalitie of New Elphinstoun pertcning heritablie to Sir 
Samuell Johnstoun of Elphinstoun Knycht baronet and thairfra passing 
northwardis up the said river thrie mylles and thairfra passing westwardis 
keping alwise thrie mylles in breid and the said barony of New 
Elphinstoun for the merche therof ay and quhile it extend to the nomber 
of sextine thowsand aikeris of land with castellis toures fortalices maner 
place houssis biggingis extructit and to be extructit yairdes orcheardis 
plantit and to be plantit toftis croftis parkis lcasouris medowis mylnes 
milne-landis multures and suckin wodis fishingis alswcill of reid as quhyt 
fishes salmond and utheris great and small baith in salt and fresche 
wateris advocation and donation of benefices kirkis and chaplanris and 
richtis of patronages of the samen annexis connexis dependences tenentis 
tenandries and service of frie tennentis of the landis and otheris abone- 
written Togidder with all and sindric tcindschaves and utheris teindis 
alsweill personage as vicarage of the landis fishingis and utheris abonc 
specefeit includit With all and sindrie mynes minerallis vanies rockis 
and quarrellis theirof alsweill of metallis and minerallis regall and royall 
of gold and silver within the foirsaidis boundis and landis as utheris 
mynes of iron steill tyne lead coppar brass lattoun Toggider with all and 
sindrie precious stones gemmes pearles cristall alome corall and utheris 
And with full power privilege and jurisdiction of frie regalitie within all 
and haill the foirsaidis boundis and landis and all and sindrie pairtis 
pendiclis privileges and commodities of the samen landis and utheris 
abonementionat With full power and privilege to the said Sir James 
Skene of Curriehill his aires male and assignais foirsaidis to kid tent 
delve dig and search the ground of the saidis landis for the saidis mynes 
minerallis precious stones gemmes pearles and utheris abonewritten and 
to use all lawfull and ordinarie industrie for obtening and recovering 
therof and to win extract draw out purge fyne refyne and purifie the 
samen alsweill the said gold and silver as utheris mettallis precious stones 
pearles and utheris abonementionat and to use and convert the samen to 



I'ATENT OF' BARONETCY. 1 99 

thair awin prapper ussis Sicklike and alsfrilie as the said Sir William 
Alexander his aires and assignais mycht have done thame sclffis be vertew 
of his originall Infeftment maid and grantit to him therupoun quhilk is 
of the dait at Windsoir the tent day of September 162J yeares or be 
vertew of the infeftment grantit be his Majestie to the said Sir William 
Alexander therupoun of the dait at Otlandis the xij day of July 1625 
yeares Reservand onlie to his Maiestie his aires and successouris the 
tent pairt of the said royall metall commounlie callit the ure of gold and 
silver to be win and gayned in all tym cuming within the saidis boundis 
and landis and the remnant haill mettallis precious stones minerallis 
gemmes pearles and utheris quhatsumever to pertene properlie to the 
said Sir James Skene his aires males and assignais And to be 
intromittit with and remane with thame for ever to thair awin 
praper uses with all praffeittis dewties and commodities theiroff 
With power also to the said Sir James Skene and his foirsaidis to 
carie and transport furth of the saidis boundis and countrey 
to quhatsumever pairt or pairttis in all tyme cuming at thair plesour 
all and quhatsumever metallis minerallis precious stones gemmes 
pearles gold silver and all sortis of moneyis cunyeit and uncunyeit 
quhilk salhappin ather to be win and gayned within the saidis boundis or 
utherwise brocht into the samen With power also to the said Sir James 
Skene his aires male and assignes to build extract and erect within the 
boundis of the samen ground and landis quhatsumever cities burghis 
tounes villages burghis of baronie frie poirtis bayes harbouris heavins 
and stationes for shippis within the samen castellis touris fortalices fortius 
blockhoussis skonses rampires and bulwarkis within the samen haill 
boundis and landis cities burghis harbouris portis and uthers places als- 
weill be sea and sea coist as be land gairdit and furnishit with compenies 
of garrisones of men of warr and souldiouris for fortifeing strenthning 
saifgard and mantenance therof And siclike to erect and appoint faires 
mercattis and mercat places within the saidis cities burghis tounes villages 
and burghis of barony or within onie uther pairt off all and sindrie the 
forsaidis boundis and landis ather to burgh or land to be kepit observit 
and mantenit at quhatsumever speciall dayes seasones of the year places 
and occasiones as the said Sir James Skene his aires male and assignais 
sail think expedient and to impose uplift exact and ressave all and 
quhatsumever toillis customes anchorages prymgilt doksilver and utheris 



200 APPENDIX NO. VI. 

dewties of the samen cities burghis tounes villages portis harbouris faires 
and mercattis as the said Sir James Skene his aires male and assigneis 
sail think; expedient with all and sindrie privileges liberties and com- 
modities belonging thairto And likewise to constitute and appoint 
capitanes commanderis leaderis and governouris majoris officearis provestis 
and baillies of the foirsaidis burghis tounes villages and burghs of barony 
regalitie portis harbouris castellis and forthis Togidder with Justices of 
peace constables utheris officearis and judges alsweill in all caussis civill 
as criminall for government and for dew and lawfull administration of 
Justice within the samen and in and throuchout the remnant boundis of 
the foirsaids landis boundis and coistis And as they pleis to alter and 
change the samen magistrattis and officearis for the better government 
of the saidis boundis and to take ordour with their government as they 
sail think expedient And siclike to mak set doun and establishe sick 
particular lawis ordinances and constitutiones within all and haill the 
foirsaidis boundis and landis alsweill to burgh as land as thay sail think 
expedient thair to be observit in all tyme cuming and the breakeris and 
contraveneris therof to chastise correct and punishe conform thairto And 
siclike to build and extruct shippis barkis and vessellis great and small 
alsweill for warr as mcrchand shippis ather within the samen dominioun 
of New Scotland boundis and pairttis of the foirsaidis landis speciallie 
designit to the said Sir James Skene his aires male and assignais or 
within the said Kingdome of Scotland or utheris his Majesties 
dominiones at all tymes convenient and to use and sayill the 
samen shippis barkis and vesshellis under his Majesties awin flaggis and 
ensegncs furnisit with skipperis pilottis marineris governouris capitanes 
commanderis and souldiouris to be impute therin be the said Sir James 
Skene his aires male and assignais with all kynd of munitioun great and 
small powder bullet armour harness and all weapones invasive and 
defensive and all uther engynes and exercise of warre and lykewise to 
transport thairby or be quhatsumever uther shipping to the said countrey 
of New Scotland and special! boundis abone designit canonis demy 
cannons zetlingis and other munitioun great and small for defence saiftie 
and mantenance of the said countrey and likewise with expres power 
privilege and licence to the said Sir James Skene his aires male and 
assignais deputies or utheris in thair names to transport furth of the said 
Kingdome of Scotland or utheris his majesteis dominiones or ellisquhair 



PATENT OF BARONETCY. 201 

at thair plesour all and quhatsumever persones souldiouris men of war 
labouraris artificcris wodismen or utheris of quhatsumever qualitie estait 
or degrie being willing to repair to the said countrie of new Scotland 
with thair guides geir horss nolt sheip munitioun great and small armour 
provisioun and victualling to the said ground and landis for the better 
furtherance and advancement of the said plantation and siclike to use 
and exerce all lawfull trade of merchandice for the better policie of the 
samen boundis and landis and to exclude prohibite discharge resist repell 
and invaid be force of armes all and quhatsumever persones intending to 
plant occupie or possess the foirsaidis boundis and landis or exerce and 
use trade and trafRque within the samen without the expres avise licence 
and consent of the said Sir James Skene his airis male and assignais or 
deputies had and obtenit thairto and to confiscat intromit with detene 
and withhald all and sindrie thair shipping guides geir and plennising 
ather be sea or land usurping the contrair. And to apply the samen to 
the proper use utilitie and proffeit of the said Sir James Skene and his 
foirsaidis with express warrand and command also to all his majesties 
shireffis Stewartis and baillies of regalities justices of peax majores 
aldermen provestis baillies and magistrattis of quhatsumever boundis 
cities tounes villages burghs and utheris alsweill to land as burght thair 
officiaris serjandis constabillis and ministeris of Justice quhatsumever to 
concur fortifie and assist the said Sir James Skene and his foirsaidis 
theranent and in deu and lawfull execution of all and sindrie pointis 
clausses and articles of the said charter and infeftment and that they may 
have readie shipping at all occasiones for thair men companyes gudes 
geir munitioun armes armour victuall and furnissing to and fra the saidis 
boundis and countrey of New Scotland with thame selffis as neid beis 
upoun thair reasonabill chargis and expenssis as effeiris with power also 
to the said Sir James Skene his aires male assignais and deputies incais 
ony rebellioun mutinie or seditioun fall out within the saidis boundis 
ground and landis or in the course of thair voyages and navigationes to 
dissobey and withstand thair commandementis, in that caise or ony of 
the saidis caissis to use and exerce the power and privilege of all lawis 
militar aganes the delinquentis and offendaris and to punishe and correct 
thame thairby as they sail think expedient excluding be thir presentis his 
majesties said livetenent and all uther persones quhatsumever fra 
using and exercing ony law militar aganes the saidis persones or ony 
B B 



202 AITENDIX NO. VI. 

of thamc within the saidis boundis or in thair saidis courssis and 
voyages to and fra the samen except onlie the said Sir James 
Skene his aires male assignais and thair deputies allanerlic and 
likewise his majestie for him and his successoures with avise and 
consent forsaid be thir presentis does exeme frie and liberat for 
ever the said Sir James Skene his aires male and assignais from 
all punishment arreist tortour and execution of militar lawis which 
may be usit or execute aganes thame or onie of thame be his majesties 
said livetcnent or ony uther persone or persones quhatsumever and gif it 
sal happin also the forsaidis persones or ony of thame being under the 
charge maintenance or dependence of the said Sir James Skene and his 
forsaidis to abstract and withdraw thame selffis for the obedience of the 
said Sir James Skene and his foirsaidis or fra thair service in the said 
plantation and mantcnance thairof ather be sea or land or in thair course 
or voyage to or fra the said countrey of new Scotland or to withdraw 
and abstract thame selffis thair guidis and geir fra the seruice and 
obedience of the said Sir James Skene and his foirsaidis or to remove 
thame selffis thair gudes and geir furth of the boundis and ground of the 
samen landis and sick pairttis and portiones therof as sal happin to be 
designit to thame or to joyne them selffis with the natives and savages 
of the said countrey or to inhabite onie remote or desert places of the 
samen countrey without the special auise licence or consent of the said 
Sir James Skene and his forsaidis had and obtenit thairto Than and in 
these caiss or ony of thame thay sail tyne and amit ipso facto all and 
sundrie thair landis possessioncs guides and geir being within the samen 
boundis ground and landis And it salbe lesome to the said Sir James 
his aires male assignais and deputies to confiscate recognosce and posses 
the samen landis boundis possessiones guides and geir and apply the 
samen to thair awin proper uses frilie but danger of law and but onie 
foirder declaratour thairanent And likewise give onie barganes blokis 
or conditiones salbe maid betuix the said Sir James Skene his aires male 
assignais or deputies with quhatsumever uther persone or persones ather 
natives of the said cuntrey or foreyneris aliens or utheris persones quhat- 
sumever for transporting of onie guides geir waires merchandice muni- 
tioun armes victuall furnissing or utheris quhatsumever or for fulfilling of 
quhatsumever deid or deidis to the said Sir James Skene and his foir- 
saidis ather within the said countrey of New Scotland or be sea cours or 



PATENT OF BARONETCY. 203 

passage to or fra the samen countrey under quhatsumever paines or 
soumes of money And sail brek and violat the samen barganes con- 
tracts bandis or conditiones or sail failzie in performing and fulfilling 
therof to the hurt and detriment of the said Sir James Skene and his 
forsaidis and to the stay and hindrance of the said plantatione and 
policie theirof Then and in these caissis or ather of thame it salbe 
lesum to the said Sir James Skene and his abonewrittin to intromit with 
bruik and possess the samen guides geir merchandice soumes of money 
and utheris to thair avvin use but foirdir proces and declaratour of law 
And siclike with express power and privilege to the said Sir James Skene 
his aires male assignayis and deputies thair men tennentis and servandis 
within the saidis boundis and landis To hunt use and exerce trade and 
traffique with the natives and savages of the said countrey and to tak 
mak and contract peace troust and affinitie and truce with thame and to 
intirtaine freindship and amitie with thame and with thair leaderis 
governouris and commanderis And in cais of offence brek of dewtie 
promeis or freindschip on thair pairttis to tak and use armes in thair 
contrair be all hostill maner baith be sea and land with power and 
privilege also to the said James Skene and his foirsaidis in all tyme 
cuming to export out of the saidis boundis 1 and countrey of New 
Scotland all waires merchandice and commodities quhatsumever and to 
import and inbring the samen to the said kingdome of Scotland or to 
quhatsumever uther pairttis at thair plessour And lykewise to export 
out of the said kingdome of Scotland and utheris places quhatsumever 
all waires merchandice and commodities quhatsumever and to inbring the 
samen to the saidis boundis and countrey of New Scotland for payment 
of five poundis Scottis money of custome for ilk hundreth pundis 
allenerlie without payment of onie uther custome impositione or dewtie 
quhatsumever To be upliftit taken or exactit thairfor be his Majestie 
his aires or successouris or be thair customaris deputies or offkiaries or be 
any uther person quhatsumever ather within the said kingdome of 
Scotland or countrey of New Scotland Dischargeing heirby all his 
Majesties customaris and officearies from exacting any farder custome or 
imposition thereanent and of thair offices in that pairt. With power also 
to the said Sir James Skene and his foirsaidis be thame selffis thair 
deputies officearis and utheris in thair name to uplift exact and ressave 
from all his Majesties and his successouris subjectis quha sal happin to 



204 APPENDIX NO. VI. 

trade or trafficque within the saidis boundis ground and landis abone 
designit portis and harbouris therof fyve pundis money foirsaid of 
custome for ilk hundreth pundis of all guides vvaires merchandice or 
commodities ather to be importit thairto be thame or ony of thame or 
exportit from thence and the sowm of Ten pundis from all strangeris for 
ilk hundereth of all guides waires or merchandice to be exportit or 
importit be thame or ony of them, and that by and attour the said soum 
of fyve pundis dew to his Majestie and his successouris as said is. And 
forder his Majestie for him his aires and successouris with avise and 
consent abouewrittin be thir presentis Willis ordines and declaires That 
the said sowme of fyve pundis money foirsaid of custome appointit to be 
payit as said is to his Hienes his airis and successouris thair customaris 
and dcputtis for all guides waires merchandice and commodities ather to 
be exportit out of the said countrey of new Scotland or importit to the 
samen sal be payit and deliverit to the said Sir William Alexander his 
aires and assignayis being his Majesties Livetenentis of the said countrey 
and to nane utheris for the space of sextine yeares nixt efter the day and 
date abouewrittin of the said last infeftment grantit to the said Sir 
Williame Alexander of the samen countrey of New Scotland, and for that 
effect it salbe lesome to the said Sir Williame Alexander to uplift ask 
crave and ressavc the samen acquittances and dischargeis, to give and 
grant therupoun quhilkis his Majestie be thir presentis for him his aires 
and successouris willis and declaires to be sufficient to the ressaveris of 
the saidis acqittances and payeris of the said sowme of fyve pundis of 
custome, and with power to the said Sir Williame Alexander and his 
foirsaidis during the said space to bestow and convert the said soume of 
fyve pundis for ilk hundreth sa to be upliftit to thair awin proper use and 
utilitie as thay sail think expedient for thair better help and mantenance 
of thair charges and expenssis in government of the said countrey and 
furthering of the said plantation. And albeit it be nawise lawfull ony 
nobill man or landit gentilman within the said kingdome of Scotland to 
pas out of the samen without his Majesties speciall licence his Majestie 
for him his aires and successouris Willis grantis and declaires be the 
tenour heirof That thir presentis ar and salbe sufficient licence and 
warrand in all tyme to cum to the said Sir James Skene and his foir 
saidis and such other persones (not being giltie of lesemajestie or 
utherwise being speciallie inhibite) as salbe desyrous to go with thame or 



PATENT OK BARONETCY. 205 

ony of them or ony of thame to the saidis landis and boundis frilie 
to pas furth of the said kingdome of Scotland and to go and repair 
to the saidis boundis and countrey of New Scotland but onie 
danger or inconvenient to them in thair bodies landis guides or 
geir, Wheranent his Majestie with avise foirsaid hes dispensit and be 
thir presentis for him his aires and successouris dispenssis for ever. And 
farder geving granting and declairing lyke as be thir presentis his Majestie 
for him his aires and successouris with avise and consent abonewrittin 
gevis grantis willis declaires and ordines that all his Majesties subjectis 
and utheris persones quhatsumever quhilkis salbe willing to render them 
selffis under his Majestie his aires or successouris obedience quha sail at 
any time herefter go to the saidis boundis and landis heirby disponit to the 
said Sir James Skene and his abonewrittin and inhabit the samen or ony 
pairt therof with the licence consent and permission of the said Sir James 
Skene his aires maill assignayis or deputies, That all and everie ane of 
the saidis persones with thair childrene and posteritie respective sail have 
hold enjoy bruik and posses all and quhatsumever liberties privileges and 
immunities of frie and naturall subjectis of the said Kingdome of Scot- 
land and utheris his Majesties dominiones as gif thay had bene borne and 
procreat within the samen kingdomes and dominiones, And for esta- 
blissing of the greatter auctoritie commandement power and jurisdictioun 
in all tyme cuming in the persone of the said Sir James Skene his aires 
male assignayis and deputies in the saidis landis his Majestie for him his 
aires and successouris with avise and consent foirsaid hath gevin and 
grantit and be thir presentis gevis and grantis to the said Sir James 
Skene his aires male and assignayis quhatsumever heritablie the Justici- 
arie and Sherefschip of the saidis haill particular boundis and landis 
abouespecifeit and hath maid and constitute and be thir presentis'makis 
and constitutis the said Sir James Skene his aires male and assignayis 
his Majesties heritabill Shereffis Justices and Justicaries heritablie for 
ever within all and haill the saidis particular boundis and landis aboue- 
specifeit and speciallie designit with all and sundrie liberties privileges 
freedomes immunities and commodities belanging to the said Sherefschip 
and Justiciarie with power to the said Sir James Skene his aires male 
assignayis or thair deputies to sit judge cognosce and decyde in all 
and quhatsumever caussis alsweill civill as criminall within the saidis 
boundis and jurisdiction of the samen landis sicklike and als frilie 



2o6 APPENDIX NO. VI. 

in all respectis as ony uther justice justiciarie or Sheref quhatsum- 
ever may or micht have done in ony tyme bygane or to cum And 
least any question micht anyse anent the tyme within the quhilk 
the said Sir James Skene and his foirsaidis as Sherems or Justices 
may sitt cognosce and decyde in caussis criminall efter the crymes com- 
mittit his Majestie for him his aires and successouris with avise and 
consent foirsaid be thir presentis willis grantis and declairis That it salbe 
lesum and lawfull to thame to challange and persew attaiche and arreist 
quhatsumever criminall offenderis within the saidis boundis and landis 
for ony crymes committit be thame, And to sitt cognosce judge and 
decyde thairanent at any tyme within the space of sex monethis nixt 
efter the committing of the samen crymes During the quhilk space it 
salbe lesum onlie to the said Sir James Skene and his foirsaidis and to 
nane utheris to try cognosce judge and proceid thairanent, Excluding 
during that space his Majesties Livetenent and all uther persones quhat- 
sumever from exercing of ony judgement or jurisdiction theranent or to 
attache arreist adjournay call or convene the saidis criminall offenderis 
and committeris of crymes be any maner of way providing alwise that 
gif efter the said space of sex monethis beis expirit the saidis crymes and 
criminall offenderis beis not judgeit or tryed be the said Sir James Skene 
and his foir saidis In that cais it salbe lesome therefter to his Majesties 
said Livetenent his aires and assignayis being his Majesties saidis 
Livetenentis and thair dcputtis to challange attaiche arreist call and 
convene the saidis persones giltie and to judge and cognosce anent the 
crymes committit be thame as they sail think expedient with power also 
to the said Sir James Skene and his foirsaidis notwithstanding of the 
provision abonewrittin efter the expiring of the saidis six monethis at 
all tymes in the absence of the said Sir Williame Alexander his aires 
and assignayis being his Majesties Livetenentis and thair deputtis to 
judge cognosce and decyde in all caussis criminall and to punishe all 
criminall offendaris within the saidis boundis at thair plessour And in 
lyke maner in thair absence out of the said countrey ather within the 
said space of sex monethis or therefter at all tymes quhatsumever to remit 
and forgive the saidis crymes and criminall offenderis within the saidis 
boundis and landis upon suche reassonabill caussis and considerationes as 
thay sail think expedient And farder with power to the said Sir James 
Skene and his foirsaidis to sitt judge and cognosce upomall crymes and 



PATENT OF BARONETCY. 20/ 

criminall offendaris within the saidis boundis and ether to punishe remit 
or forgive thair saidis crymes and criminall offendaris as thay sail 
think expedient at all tymes efter the said space of sex monethis befoir 
the said Sir Williame his aires and assignayis being his Majesties Live- 
tenentis and thair deputies do provoik cite or indyte the saidis criminall 
ofendaris to compeir to thair judicatorie albct thay be in the said 
countrey of New Scotland for the tyme But prejudice alwise to the said 
Sir William Alexander his aires and assignayis being his Majesties 
Livetenentis and thair deputies being first citeris efter the said space of 
sex montheis beis expirit To sitt judge cognosce punishe or remit the 
saidis crymes and criminall offendaris at thair plessour as said is And 
likewise his Majestie be thir presentis ordines that in cais it salhappin 
the said Sir James Skene or his foirsaidis to for give or remit ony of the 
saidis crymes or criminall offenderis as said is That in that caiss thair 
remissioun and pardoun so to be grantit salbe publist and proclamit 
within the saidis boundis at the day and dait of the granting therof be sum 
of thair particular officiaris to be appointit be thame to that effect And 
efter the publication therof that the samen remissioun salbe registrat in the 
register of the said Sir William Alexander his aires male and assignayis 
being his Majesties Livetenentis of the samen countrey within the space 
of thriescoir dayss efter the publication therof, at the least that the samen 
salbe offerit and presentit befoir twa famous witnessis to the keper of the 
samen register give the samen register Clerk or keper therof salhappin to 
be in the said countrey of New Scotland for the tyme with full power 
and privilege to the said Sir James Skene his aires male and assignayis 
and thair deputies for ever To sitt fence hald or caus be haldin in thair 
names Justice courttis Shcreff courttis courttis of frie regalitie baroun 
courttis and burrow courttis within and upoun all and haill the foirsaidis 
boundis and landis abone designit to him as said is or ony pairt of the 
samen at all tymes and occasiones as thay sail think expedient Clerkis 
officiaris serjandis and utheris memberis of courts quhatsumever To mak 
and creat unlawis and amerciamentis of court to ordane exact uplift and 
ressave and apply the samen to thair awin proper use as thay sail think 
expedient with all and sindrie utheris privileges liberties commodities and 
casualities perteining or that may fall or pertene to the saidis offices and 
jurisdictiones of Justiciarie frie regalitie and sherefship and utheris abone 
expremit with full power and privilege also to the said Sir James Skene 



208 APPENDIX NO. VI. 

his aires male and assignayis to sell annallie and dispone heritablie or 
utherwise all and haill the foirsaidis boundis and landis abone designit 
at thair plessour with all and sindrie liberties fredomes immunities and 
commodities abone and under exprest heirby grantit to him or with sa 
many of the saidis liberties fredomes and utheris as he or his foirsaidis 
sail think expedient To quhatsumever uther persone or persones thair 
aires or assignayis being under his Hienes obedience To be haldin of his 
Majestie his aires and successouris or of the said Sir James Skene 
his aires male and assignayis as it sail best pleis the said Sir James 
Skene and his foirsaidis Ouhilkis landis boundis privileges and utheris 
abone exprest or onie pairt therof being disponit be the said Sir James 
Skene and his foirsaidis to ony other person or persones To be haldin of 
his Majestie his aires and successouris his Majestie his aires and suc- 
cessouris Sail ressave and admit thame and everie ane of thame as 
thair frie vassellis and immediat tenentis therof And sail grant unto 
thame and everie one of thame such sufficient infeftmentis of the samen 
and with the samen maner of halding as is now grantit to the said Sir 
James Skene his aires male and assignayis quhenever thay sail dessyr 
the samen With power also to the said Sir James Skene his aires male 
and assignayis and to all uther persone or persones being under his 
Majesties obedience to quhom thay salhappin to annallie and dispone 
ony pairt or portioun of the saidis landis To intitill and call the samen 
or ony pairt or portion therof be quhatsumever name or titill thay sail 
think expedient in all tyme cuming. As also that it salbe lesome to the 
aires male and successouris quhatsumever of the said Sir James Skene 
and his assignayis To enter thame selffis as aires to thair predicessouris 
to the saidis landis boundis and utheris quhatsumever grantit and dis- 
ponit to the said Sir James Skene or ony pairt therof be vertew of thir 
prescntis And that ather be ordour of the chancelarie of the said King- 
dome of Scotland be service brevis retouris and preceptis dwell furth of 
the samen and be the ordour observit theranent or utherwise be the 
ordour of the chappell and chancelarie of the said countrey of New 
Scotland at the plessour and option of the aires male and successouris of 
the said Sir James Skene and his assignayis quhatsumever With power 
also to the said Sir James Skene his aires male assignayis and thair 
deputies in all tyme cuming To convocat all and sindrie thair men tenentis 
servandis and inhabitantis quhatsumever of the saidis boundis and landis 



PATENT OF BARONETCY. 200. 

abone designit at all tymes and occasiones as thay sail think expedient 
for the weill defence and mantenance of them selffis or of thair saidis 
boundis and landis for resisting of forreyne enemeis repressing of inso- 
lencies and ryottis of mutinous seditions or rebellious people Reducing 
the natives and savages to conformitie and dew obedience and utheris 
lawfull or necessarie caussis quhatsumever. And malrour Geving and 
granting as be thir presentis his Majestie for him his aires and suc- 
cessouris with avise and consent abone writtin gevis grantis willis ordines 
and declaires That the said Sir James Skene his aires male and assig- 
nayis sail in all tyme cuming have voit and voice in making of all 
lawis to be maid in all tyme cuming concerning the publict weill stait 
and government of the said countrey of New Scotland and in all 
metingis assemblies counsallis and conventiones to be callit convenit or 
haldin for that effect And that thay salbe dewlie and lawfullie warnit to 
that effect and that na lawis salbe maid nor established theranent or be 
valid without the avise and consent of the said Sir James Skene his aires 
male and assignayis and without the avise and consent of the remanent 
baronettis haveris ilk ane of thame the lyke quantitie and proportioun of 
landis within the said countrey pertening heritablie to thame as is heirby 
disponit to the said Sir James Skene To wit ilk ane of thame sextene 
thowsand aikeris of land at the leist without the avise and consent of the 
maist pairt of sa mony of thame as sail convene to gif thair voittis and 
voices upoun dew and lawfull warning given to them in maner to be 
condiscendit upoun and sett doun at the first meting and assemblic to be 
haldin be thame and his Majesties said Livetenent his aires or assignayis 
being his Majesties Livetenentis for making of lawis and ordinances of 
that countrey And that na persone or persones quhatsumever and ilk 
ane of them quha sail not be heritouris of sextine thowsand aikeris of 
land within the said countrey sail have voit or voice of making of onie 
lawis concerning the said countrey without the mutuall avise and consent 
of the said Livetenent his aires and assignayis being his Majesties Live- 
tenentis and of his aires and successouris and of the said Sir James 
Skene and his foirsaidis and the remanent baronettis foirsaidis And 
farder in cais the said Sir James Skene his aires male and assignayis be 
not personalie present at suche metingis counsallis conventiones or 
assemblies as salbe haldin callit or convenit to the effect foirsaid within 
the said countrey of new Scotland In that cais thair deputies or 
C C 



2IO APPENDIX NO. VI. 

actornayes having thair power and authoritie and having the quantitie 
of ane thowsand aikeris of land pertening to them in heritage within the 
said countrey sail have the like voit and voice as gif thay vver personalie 
present Bot in cais any metingis or assemblies be haldin to that effect 
within the said kingdome of Scotland in that cais gif thay be personallie 
present for the tyme within the said kingdome thay sail have onlie voit 
and voice be thame selffis and not be thair deputies or actornayes having 
thair power and warrand Bot in cais of thair absence furth of the said 
kingdome at sick tymes In that cais thair deputies and actornayes 
having thair power and warrand sail have the lyke voit and voice as gif 
they wer personalis present them selffis And that the said Sir James 
Skene and his Majesties haill remanent subjectis and inhabitantis of that 
countrey of new Scotland in all tyme cuming salbe judgeit rewlit and 
governit in all caussis civill and criminall be the lawis of the said countrey 
onlie and na uther But prejudice ahvise to the said Sir James Skene and 
his foirsaidis be themselfhs and thair deputies to mak sic particular lawis 
constitutiones and ordinances within thair awin proper boundis particu- 
late abone designit as they sail think expedient for the better policie 
wcill and government therof and inhabitantis of the samen and for 
keping of gude ordour and administration of law and justice within the 
samen And but prejudice to the said Sir James Skene and his foirsaidis 
of ony uther particular libertie privilege immunitie claus or conditioun 
quhatsumever abone or under exprest conceavit in thair favouris 
provyding ahvise that all quhatsumever generall lawis to be maid and set 
doun in maner foirsaid concerning the publict weill stait and government 
of the said countrey or be the said Sir James Skene and his foirsaidis 
within thair awin particular boundis as said is salbe maid als conforme 
and aggreabill to the lawis of the said kingdome of Scotland as 
convenience may be Regaird being had to the circumstances of tyme 
place and distance of the said countrey and inhabitantis therof and thair 
conditiones and qualities And farder albeit be expres condition of the 
said originall Infeftment grantit to his Majesties said Livetenent It is 
grantit and appointit to him his aires and assignayis to convocat all and 
sindrie the inhabitantis of the said countrey of new Scotland be pro- 
clamation or utherwise in maner therein mentionat Nevirtheles his 
Majestie hath grantit willit and ordanit and be thir presentis for him his 
aires and successouris with avise and consent abonewrittin Willis grantis 



PATENT OF BARONETCY. 211 

declaires and ordines That it salbe nawise lesum nor lawfull to his 
Majesties said Livetenent his aires successouris assignayis or ony utheris 
his Majesties or his successouris officiarias quhatsumever To convocat 
or convene be proclamation or uthcrwise the said Sir James Skene his 
aires assignayis successouris deputies men tenentis servandis or inhabi- 
tantis of the said particular boundis now disponit to the said Sir James 
Skene Bot upoun sick reasonabill necessar and lawfull caussis as 
salbe fund fitt and expedient for the publict weill of that countrey 
be the said Livetenent and his foirsaidis with 'avise and consent of 
the said Sir James Skene his aires male assignayis or deputies and 
the avise and consent of the remnant persones abonenominat ap- 
pointit to have voit and voice in making of lawis as said is Quha 
and everie ane of thame thair aires successouris assignayis deputies men 
tenentis servandis and inhabitantis of thair severall boundis and landis 
salbe subject to the lyke condition And likewise that it sail not be 
lesum nor lawfull to the said Livetenent or his foirsaidis or ony utheris 
his Majestie his aires or successouris officearis quhatsumever to exact 
impose or uplift onie taxatioun or imposition fra or upoun the said 
Sir James Skene his aires male assignayis deputies men tenentis servandis 
or inhabitantis of the saidis boundis and landis particularlie abone 
specifcit and disponit to him or upoun thair landis rentis gudes and geir 
without the speciall consent of the said Sir James Skene his aires male 
and assignayis notwithstanding of onie power grantit to the said Live- 
tenent and his foirsaidis be the said originall infeftment or be vertew of 
ony uther richt or title quhatsumever maid or grantit or to be maid or 
grantit be his Majestie his aires or successouris to the said Livetenent 
or ony uther persone quhatsumever But prejudice alwise to the said 
Sir James Skene his aires male assignayis and deputies within thepropper 
boundis particularlie abone designit and heirby disponit to him To call 
convocat and convene thair men tenentis servandis and inhabitantis at 
all tymes and occasiones in maner and for the caussis abone exprest be 
ane speciall claus theranent And further geving granting and disponing 
asbe thir presentis his Majestie for him his aires and successouris with avise 
and consent foirsaid gevis grantis and dispones heritablie for ever To 
the said Sir James Skene his aires male and assignayis all and 
quhatsumever uther privileges liberties fredomes commodities immu- 
nities proffeittis aismentis prerogatives dignities and casualities generallie 



212 APPENDIX NO. VI. 

of particulate mentionat or exprest in the said originall infeftment 
grantit to the said Sir William Alexander and his forsaidis and in als 
full frie and and ampill forme and maner as if the samen privileges pre- 
rogatives immunities liberties fredomes dignities commodities and utheris 
with all claussis and conditiones theranent wer heirin and in the bodie 
of the said charter to be extendit heirupoun at lenth speciallie ingrost and 
contenit in thir presentis in sa far allancrlie as the samen may be 
extendit or concerne the particular boundis and landis abone designit 
disponit heirby to the said Sir James Skene his aires male and assig- 
nayis as heritouris therof (exceptand alwise and reservand to the said Sir 
Williame Alexander his aires and assignayis the Livetennandries of the 
said haill countrey and dominioun of New Scotland The power and 
privilege of striking and coyning of moneyes the office of cheif Justi- 
ciarie generall of the samen countrey in caussis criminall The office of 
admiralitie making of officearis of estait conferring of titillis of honour 
with full power and jurisdiction of frie regalitic chappell and chancellarie 
of the said countrey and privilege of making of lawis concerning the 
publict weill stait and government of the said countrey granted to him be 
his said originall infeftment provyding that the samen reservatioun and 
exception now conceavit in favoures of the said Sir William Alexander 
and his foirsaidis sail be nawise prejudiciall to the said Sir James Skene 
and his foirsaidis anent all or ony of the particular privileges fredomes 
liberties immunities commodities and utheris abone and under men- 
tionat heirby grantit to the said Sir James Skene and his foirsaidis 
in maner generallie and particulate abone and under writtin Ouhilkis 
landis boundis advocation and Donation of benefices kirkis and chap- 
lanries and richtis of patronage therof with the teind shaves and 
utheris tcindis parsonage and vicarage of the samen includit mynes 
minerallis metallis precious stones gemms pearles wodis fishingis 
mylnes multures offices privileges and jurisdiction of frie regalitie justice 
and justiciarie Shereff and Sherefschippis and all uther liberties immuni- 
ties privileges conditiones fredomes customes casualities and utheris 
quhatsumever generallie and particularlie abone mentionat perteine 
heritablie of befoir to the said Sir Williame Alexander And wer dewlie 
and lawfullie resignit surrenderit and upgevin be him be his lawfull pro- 
curatouris in his name to that effect speciallie constitut and patent 
Lettres in the handis of the saidis Lordis of his Hienes Exchekquer of 



PATENT OK BARONETCY. ^13 

the said kingdome of Scotland his Majesties Commissiounaris nominat 
and appointit be his Hienes to that effect as in the handis of his Majestie 
the said Sir William Alexander his immediat lawfull superiour of the 
landis boundis and utheris foirsaidis purelie and simplie be staff 
and bastoun as use is at Halyrudhous Togidder with all richt titill 
entres and clame of richt etc To and in favouris of the said Sir James 
Skene his aires male and assignayis quhatsumever in maner and with 
the provisiones limitationes exceptiones and reservationes respective 
abone mentionat And that for new heritabill infeftment to be maid 
gevin and grantit be his Majestie to the said- Sir James Skene his aires 
male and assignayis quhatsumever To be altogidder erectit unit 
annexit and incorporat in ane haill full and frie barony and regalitie for 
ever to be callit in all tyme cuming the Barony of [sic] To be haldin of 
his Majestie his aires and successouris of the croun and kingdome of 
Scotland in frie blenshe for yearlic payment of ane penny usuale money 
of the said kingdome of Scotland upon the ground of the saidis landis 
and boundis or ony pairt therof at the feist of the nativitie of our Lord 
in name of blenshe ferme give it beis askit allanerlie with dispensation 
also of the nonentrie of the samen haill landis boundis and barony 
maillis fermcs proffeittis and dewties therof during the samen nonentrie 
And farder geving granting and disponing as be the tenour heirof his 
Majestie for him his aires and successouris of his certane knawlcge and 
meir motive with avise and consent foirsaid and for divers gudc and 
thankfull services done to his Hienes be the said Sir James Skene and 
utheris wechtie caussis and considerationes moving his Majestie Gevis 
grantis and dispones of new to the said Sir James Skene his aires male 
and assignayis heritablie for ever All and haill the foirsaidis boundis 
landis mylnes wodis fischingis advocation and donation of benefices 
kirkis and chaplanries and richtis of patronages therof with the foirsaidis 
teind schaves and utheris teindis personage and vicarage of the samen 
includit mynes minerallis precious stones with power privilege and juris- 
diction of frie regalitie offices of justiciaric and Sherefschip privileges 
power and jurisdiction Justiciaric and Shcrefdome in all caussis criminall 
and civill Courttis unlawis amerciamentis escheattis And all and sindrie 
utheris liberties fredomes immunities customes casualities profeittis 
dewties and utheris quhatsumever particulate or generallie abonexprest 
Ouhilkis his Majestie for him his aires and successouris with avise and 



214 APPENDIX NO. VI. 

consent foirsaid be thir presentis Willis and haldis as heirin and in the 
said charter to follow heirupoun speciallie and particularlie ingrost 
repeittit insert and exprest with the particular exceptiones limitationes 
and provisiones respective and particularlie abonewrittin and of new 
Erectis unittis annexis and incorporattis All and sindrie the foirsaidis 
landis and boundis mylnes wodis fischingis advocation and donation of 
benefices kirkis and chaplanries and richtis of patronage therof teind 
schaves and utheris teindis personage and vicarage of the samen includit 
mynes mettallis minerallis precious stones pearles offices regalitie justiciarie 
and Sherefschip liberties fredomes privileges and immunities customes 
proffeittis casualitics dignities power jurisdiction and utheris quhatsum- 
ever generallie and particularlie abonexprest quhilkis his Majestic for 
him and his successouris haldis as heirin and in the said charter repeittit 
and particularlie insert with the particular exceptiones and reservationes 
speciallie abone mentionat Dispensing for ever with the generalitie In 
all and ane full and fric Baronie and Regalitie of To be 

haldin and to be had be the said Sir James Skene his aires male and 
assignayis off our said Soverane Lord and his successouris of the said 
croun and kingdome of Scotland in frie heritage frie regalitie and barony 
for ever Be all richt meithis merchis and divisis as the samen lyes in 
lenth and breid in houssis biggingis mylnes multures etc with halking 
hunting court plent herzeld bluduite and mcrcheat unlawis amerciamentis 
and escheattis of courttis and with furk fork sok sak tholl theve vert 
wrack wair venyson waith pitt gallows infang theiff and outfang theif 
therof And with commoun pasture frie ische and entrie And all and 
sindrie uther commodities fredomes privileges proffeittis aismentis prero- 
gatives dignities and casualities grantit of befoir be his Majcstie or his 
predicessouris to quhatsumevcr barone mair or les within the said 
kingdome of Scotland and all utheris contcnit in the said originall 
infeftment thairanent And quhilkis his Majestie be him sclff or ony 
utheris his maist royall progenitouris and antecessouris hes gevin grantit 
and disponit or may give grant and dispone be vertew of ony charteris 
infeftmentis lettres patentis grantis or donationes to ony his Majesties 
Subjectis of quhatsumevcr qualitie state or degrie or to quhatsumever 
Societies companies or utheris particular memberis therof in seiking 
leiding purchessing acquyring conquesing or mantayning of onie forraine 
landis or colonies quhatsumever with the exceptiones reservationes and 



PATENT OF BARONETCY. 215 

provisiones speciallie abone mentionat And in als full frie and ampill 
forme and maner as the samen privileges liberties commodities and 
immunities with all and sindrie claussis conditiones and provisiones 
theranent wer at lenth speciallie ingrost insert and contenit in thir 
presentis Togidder with all richt titill entres and clame of richt alsweill 
petitor as posscssour quhilk his Majestie his predicessouris or Succes- 
souris had hes or onywise may have clame or pretend thairto or to the 
maillis fermes proffeittis and dewties of the foirsaidis landis barony and 
utheris speciallie and generallie abone mentionat off quhatsumever yeares 
and termes preceiding for quhatsumever caus or occasioun bygane 
Renuncing and Dischargeing the samen with all action and instance 
thairanent To and in favouris of the said Sir James Skeine his aires 
male and assignayis for ever alsweill for not payment of the dewtie 
contenit in the said originall infeftment or for not doing of dew homage 
conform thairto or not fulfilling of onie point of the samen originall 
infeftment or for committing of onie fault deid commissioun or omissioun 
prejudiciall thairto or quhairupoun the samen originall infeftment may be 
lawfullie quarrellit impugnit or drawen in questioun ony maner of way 
acquyting and forgiving the samen simpliciter with all action theranent 
competent or that may be competent to his Majestie his aires or 
successouris ony maner of way and renuncing the samen juri liti et cause 
cum pacto de non petendo And with supplement of all faultis and 
defectis alsweill not namit as namit quhilkis his Majestic will 
have as for exprest in the foirsaid charter and infeftment following 
thereupoun And forder his Majestie with avise and consent abone- 
writtin Willis and grantis and for his Hienes and his successouris 
Decernis and ordines that the landis baronie and utheris foirsaidis 
salbe extentit and retourit to ane twentie shilling land usuale Scottis 
money alsweill of new as auld extent in all tyme cuming To the 
effect that retouris and preceptis of Chancelarie may be past in 
favouris of the aires and successouris of the said Sir James Skene 
aggreable to the auld forme observit in his Majesties Chancelarie of 
Scotland and that ather in the said kingdome of Scotland and his 
Majesties Chancelarie therof or in the said countrey of New Scotland 
and chancelarie of the samen in the option of the said Sir James Skene 
and his abone writtin And in cais it sail pleis the aires and successouris 
foirsaidis of the said Sir James Skene to be servit retourit infeft and 



2l6 APPENDIX NO. VI. 

saisit in the landis and utheris foirsaidis within the said kingdome of 
Scotland In that cais his Majestie withe consent foirsaid Willis grantis 
decernis and ordines that the Brevis to be direct for that effect salbe 
direct to the Shereff of Edinburgh and his deputtis and retourit to his 
Majesties Chancelarie of Scotland and the preceptis of saising to be 
direct therupoun salbe direct to the said Shereff of Edinburgh and his 
deputtis and put to dew executioun be thame Ouhilkis retouris preceptis 
and saisingis swa to be past salbe als valide effectuall and sufficient in all 
respectis as gif the landis and utheris foirsaidis did lye within the said 
Shercfdome of Edinburgh Gevand therfoir yearlie the said Sir James 
Skene his aires male and assignayis to our said Soverane Lord his aires 
and successoures of the said croun and kingdome of Scotland The 
foirsaid blcnshe ferine dewtic of ane penny usuall monie of the said 
kingdome of Scotland upoun the ground of the foirsaidis landis and 
baronie at the feist of the nativitic of our Lord in name of blenshe fermc 
give it beis askit allenerlie ffor all uther dewtie question or demand that 
may be socht or impute upoun the saidis landis and barony And be 
reasoun of the great interval! and distance of the saidis boundis and 
countrey of New Scotland fra the said ancient kingdome of Scotland and 
that the samen countrey of New Scotland is yit altogidder destitute of 
notaris and publict Tabelliones requisite for authorizing of Saisingis 
and geving of infeftmentis therupoun And regairding thairwith the 
great and manyfold inconvenientis quhilkis may fall out in defalt of dew 
and tymous saising or saisingis to be taken upoun the said charter and 
utheris lyke charteris and infeftmentis grantit or to be grantit of the 
foirsaidis landis landis and baronie to the said Sir James Skene his aires 
male and assignayis And seing that the said countrey of New Scotland 
and originall infeftment of the samen is haldin in cheiff of the said 
ancient kingdome of Scotland and laitlie surveyit discoverit purchest and 
acquyrcd be the said Sir Williamc Alexander his Majesties Livetenent 
thairof foirsaid and upoun his proper chargis quha is ane persone native 
of the said ancient kingdome of Scotland and now pairtlie plantit and 
to be plantit with Colonies and natives of the said kingdome and thairby 
callit and justly meriting the name style and titill of New Scotland 
Ouhairthrow the samen countrey of New Scotland is and must be now 
reput and haldin ane pairt of the said kingdome of Scotland Thairfoir 
his Majestie with avise foirsaid be thir presentis decernis and declaires 



PATENT OF BARONETCY. 217 

and ordines that ane saising to be taken at the castell of Edinburgh as 
the maist eminent and principall place of the said kingdome of Scotland 
or at the plessour and option of the said Sir James Skene his aires male 
and assignayis upon the ground of the foirsaidis landis and barony of 
or onie pairt therof is and salbe sufficient in all 
tyme cuming ffor all and haill the samen landis and baronie or onie pairt 
or portion therof Ouhairanent his Majestie hes dispensit and be thir 
presentis dispenssis for ever And for all and sindrie the saidis privileges 
and utheris speciallie and generallie abonementionat and becaus that be 
the halding of the saidis landis and barony in blenshe ferme as said is 
and that be defalt of the tymous and lawfull entrie of the air or aires 
male of the said Sir James Skene and his assignais succeeding in the 
samen baronie and utheris quhilk hardlie may be done be thame dewlie 
and in tyme be occasion of the far distance therof fra the said kingdome 
of Scotland quhairby the samen boundis and barony may befall and 
becum in his Majesties hand is or in his successouris be reasoun of 
nonentrie ay and quhile the lawfull entrie of the richteous air or aires 
male of the said Sir James Skene and his assignais thairto And his 
Majestie being nawise willing nor myndit that the foirsaidis landis and 
barony sail at any tyme fall in nonentrie nether yit that the said Sir 
James Skene his aires male and assignais salbe frustrat of the benefite 
and proffeit therof in the meantyme Therfoir his Majestie with avise 
foirsaid for him and his successouris hes dispensit and be thir presentis 
dispensis with the said nonentrie Renuncing the samen alluterlie and als 
exonering quitclaming and dischargeing the said Sir James Skene his 
aires male and assignais of the samen nonentrie simpliciter quhensoever 
the foirsaidis landis and barony salhappin to fall in his Majesties handis 
his aires or successouris be reasoun of nonentrie with the maillis 
fermes proffeittis and dewties therof and all action and instance 
theranent jure liti et cause simpliciter with all that may follow therupone 
Provyding nevirtheles that the aires male of the said Sir James 
Skene and his assignais sail within the space of sevin yeares efter 
the deceis of thair predicessores or entrie to the possession of the 
samen landis and barony do thair dew homage be them selffis 
or thair lawfull procuratouris to that effect haveand thair sufficient 
power thairto to our soverane Lord and his successouris of the said crown 
and kingdome of Scotland And sail enter and be ressavit be his Majestie 
D D 



2l8 APPENDIX NO. VI. 

and his successouris to the samen landis barony and utheris abonc men- 
tionat in maner abone writtin. In the quhilk cais the air or aires male of 
the said Sir James Skene and his assignais sail have bruike and enjoy all 
and sindrie benefites and privileges thcrof Togidder with all and haill the 
samen landis and barony maillis fermes proffeittis and dewties therof and 
utheris quhatsumever gencrallic and speciallie abonementionat. Siclike 
and alsfrilie as gif the said nonentrie had nevir bene fallin And forder 
his Majestie considering that vertew and industrie is to be nothing moir 
advancit and nurishcd then be honour and preferment and that thairby 
cheifiie generous spiritis ar animat and stirit up to intend and prosequit 
nobill and vertuous actiones and interpryses and that all splendour and 
grcatnes of dignitic and honour hath the beginning and incres from the 
King as from the fountain therof To quhais hienes and eminencie 
properlie belongeth to erect and institute new titillis of honour and 
dignitic as fra quhom the ancient first did flow And thairby willing to 
imitat his Majesties maist nobill progenitouris and antecessouris of royall 
and famous memorie quho had and did put in practise the power of 
creating and erecting of new dignities and degries amongst thair worthic 
subjectis His Majestie of his royall power and authorite hath erectit 
creatit maid constitute and ordanit and be thir prescntis for him his 
aires and successouris off his speciall grace favouris certane knawledge 
meir motive and deliberat mynd with avise and consent foirsaid Makis 
ercctis constitutis creattis and ordines anc certane hereditarie state degrie 
dignitie name ordour titill and style of Baronett To be and remane 
perpetuallic in all tyme cuming within the said kingdome of Scotland 
and countrey of New Scotland and to be had and enjoyed be such 
persones quhom his Majestie his aires or successouris for the weill and 
furtherance of the said plantatione of the said countrey of New Scotland 
and thair worthis and deservingis utherwise sail mak baronettis and 
prefer the said degrie and style and therfoir his Majestie for the help and 
assistance alrcadie gevin be the said Sir James Skene towardis the weill 
and furtherance of the said plantatioun and for divers utheris gude and 
thankfull services done be him to his Majestie and for divers utheris gude 
and wechtie caussis and considerationes moving his Hienes his Majestie hes 
erectit and be thir presentis of his special grace favour certane knawledge 
meir motive and deliberat mynd with avise and consent foirsaid Erectis 
prefeiris and creattis the said Sir James Skene and his aires male quhat- 



PATENT OF DAKONETCY. 2IO. 

sumever from tyme to tyme perpetuallie in all tyme cuming in and 
to the said hereditaria degrie state name ordour titill and style of 
Baronett, with all and sindrie prerogatives privileges precedencies condi- 
tiones and utheris generallie and particulate undervvrittin and hath 
maid creat and constitute and be thir presentis makis creattis and consti- 
tutis the said Sir James Skene and his aires male quhatsumever from 
tyme to tyme heritablie Baronettis for evir To have and enjoy all and 
sindrie prerogatives privileges and utheris generallie and particulate 
underwrittin conceavit in thair favouris and hath gevin grantit willit 
ordaint and declarit and be the tenour heirof his Majestie for him his 
aires and successouris off his speciall grace favour certane knawlege 
meir motive and deliberat mynd with avise and consent abonewrittin 
Gevis grantis willis ordines and declaires That the said Sir James Skene 
and his saidis aires male from tyme to tyme perpetuallie sail be vertew 
of thir presentis and of the said degrie stait dignitie name ordour titill 
and style of Baronet heirby grantit to thame Have hold tak and enjoy 
in all tyme cuming efter the day and dait heirof baith in the said king- 
dome of Scotland countrcy of New Scotland and ellis quhair place 
prioritie preeminencie and precedencie in all and quhatsumever commis- 
siones brevis lettres patentis directiones writtis appelationes nominationes 
sessiones conventiones assemblies and metingis at all tymes places and 
occasiones quhatsumever befoir all and quhatsumever knichtis lordis 
esquyeris and gentilmen quhatsumever (excepting his Majesties said 
Livetenent and the aires male discending his bodie being his Majesties 
Livetenentis of the said countrey of New Scotland and na utherwise 
Quhais wyffis and childrene likewise sail have and enjoy place and prece- 
dence accordinglie And lykewise excepting such knichtis banncrettis 
as salhappin to be maid and knichtit be his Majestie his aires or succes- 
souris under thair standertand displayit baner in ane army royall in oppin 
warre and the King personallie present and na otherwise And that 
during the tyme of the lyfis of the saidis knichtis bannerettis allanerlie 
and na lunger) and befoir all baronettis to be maid be his Majestie his 
aires or successouris and befoir thair aires or successouris Albeit it sal- 
happin onie uther baronet or baronettis to be maid be his Majestie 
heirefter To pas and exped thair patentis of the said degrie dignitie 
name ordour titill and style under the great seall of the said kingdome of 
Scotland befoir the said Sir James Skene sail pas and exped thir 



220 APPENDIX NO. VI. 

prescntis and the charter following heirupoun under the said seale not- 
withstanding of ony law custome or constitution to the contrair quhat- 
sumever And in lykemaner his Majestic hath willit grantit declarit and 
ordanit and be thir presentis for him his aires and successouris off his 
speciall grace favour certain knawlege meir motive and deliberat mynd 
with avise and consent foirsaid willis grantis appointis declaires and 
ordines that the wyff or wyffis of the said Sir James Skene and his 
saidis aires male from tyme to tyme perpetuallie sail be vertew of thir 
presentis and of the said degrie state and dignitieof thair husbandis have 
hold tak and enjoy in all tyme cuming place precedence prioritie and 
preccdencie alsweill during thair husbandis lyftyms as therefter during 
thair awin lyftymes (gif they salhappin to be the langer livers) bcfoir 
the wyffis of all persones quhatsumever bcfoir quhom the said Sir James 
Skene and his saidis aires male may or sould be vertew of thir presentis 
or of the said degrie dignitie name ordour titill and style of Baronet 
now grantit to the said Sir James Skene and his saidis aires male Have 
hold tak and enjoy place preeminence and precedence and bcfoir the 
wyffis of the saidis knichtis bannerets aboneexceptit Becaus the said 
degrie of Baronet is ane hereditarie degrie in blude And likewise that 
the sonnes and dochteris respective of the said Sir James Skene and his 
saidis aires male for ever sail be vertew of thir prescntis and of the said 
degrie and dignitie of Baronet now grantit to the said Sir James Skene 
and his aires male have hold tak and enjoy place and precedence befoir 
the sonnes and dochteris respective of all persones bcfoir quhom the said 
Sir James Skene and his aires male mayor sould tak place or precedence 
and bcfoir the sonnes of the saidis knichtis banncrcttis abonexceptit and 
likewise that the wyffis of the sones of the said Sir James Skene and his 
saidis aires male respective in all tyme cuming sail have hold tak and 
enjoy place prioritie and precedence bcfoir the wyffis of all persones 
befoir quhom thair husbandis may or sould tak place And farder his 
Majestie of his speciall grace favour certane knawlege meir motive and 
deliberat mynd be thir presentis for him his aires and successouris willis 
grantis ordines declaires and promeissis That atquhat tyme and seasone 
the eldest lawfull sone of the said Sir James Skene or the eldest 
appearand air male of the said Sir James Skene or of ony air male 
succeeding to him sail attayne to the aige of xxj yeares That thay and 
ilk ane of thame respective salbe knichtit be his Majestie his aires and 



PATENT OF BARONETCY. J22I 

successouris notwithstanding that thair father be on lyff for the tyme 
quhosoever thay or ony of thame sail desyre the samen without payment 
of onie fynes or charges quhatsumever And that the said Sir James 
Skene and his aires male in all tyme cuming sail and may bear for ever 
heirefter ather in ane contour in thair coat of armes or in ane inscutchion 
at thair election the armes of the said countrey of New Scotland quhilkis 
ar argent the ancient armes of Scotland on ane salturie azure supportit 
be ane unicorne on the richt and ane wyld man propper on the left and 
for the crist a lawrell branche and a thrissell preceding out of armed and 
naikit handis conjoynit with this motto (munit hec et altera vincit) And 
that the said Sir James Skene and his saidis aires male sail in all tyme 
cuming have place in the armes of his Majestie his aires or successouris 
in the grosse near about the Royall Standart of his Majestie his aires 
and successouris for defence of the samen And that the said Sir James 
Skene and his saidis aires male may and sail have in all tyme cuming twa 
assistantis of the bodie to support a pall a principall murnour and four 
assistantis to him at thair funerallis And that the said Sir James Skene 
sail in all tyme cuming be namit callit placit styllit and designit be the 
name and titill of Sir James Skene knicht baronet And that the saidis 
aires male of the said Sir James Skene perpetuallie sail likewise be 
namit callit styllit placit and designit be the name of Baronet And that 
the said style name and titill of Baronet salbe put to and adjoynit to the 
end r of the surnames of the said Sir James Skene and his saidis aids 
male respective for ever In all and sindrie his Majestie his aires and 
successouris brevis lettres patentis and commissiones and in all and 
sindrie utheris charteris paipperis deidis writtis and lettres quhatsumever 
as trew lawfull and necessar addition of dignitie and that in all Scottis 
speiches languages and writtis this addition (Sir) and in all uther 
languages and speiches the lyke significative worde salbe premittit to the 
names respective of the said Sir James Skene and his saidis aires male 
for ever And that the titill name and style of Baronet, salbe adjoyned 
to the end of thair surname. And also that the wyff and wyffis of the 
said Sir James Skene and his saidis aires male respective for ever sail 
have use hald and enjoy for ever in all tyme cuming the style titill and 
appellation of (Lady Madam and Dam) respective according to the use 
and phrais of speiche and writting. And forder his Majestie of his 
speciall grace favour certane knawlege meir motive and deliberat mynd 



222 APPENDIX NO. VI. 

be thir presentis for him his aires and successouris, gives grantis ordines 
and promeissis to the said Sir James Skene and his saidis aires male 
respective for ever That the number of Baronettis of the said kingdome 
of Scotland and countrey of New Scotland sail nether now nor at any 
tyme heireftcr exceid in all the number of ane hundreth and fyftie 
Baronettis. And farder his Majestie of his speciall grace favour certane 
knawlege meir motive and deliberat mynd for him his aires and succes- 
souris be thir presentis gevis grantis declaires ordines and promeissis to 
the said Sir James Skene and his saidis aires male respective for 
ever That nether his Majestie his aires or successouris sail or 
will at any tyme heireftcr erect ordane mak constitute creat or 
appoint ony uther degrie dignitie name ordourtitill or style quhatsumever 
nor give grant promit ordane or appoint place prioritie preeminence 
or precedence to onie persone or persones quhatsumever under or 
beneth the style dignitie and degrie of ane Lord of Parliament of the said 
kingdome of Scotland who sail or may be taken haldin reput usit or 
accomtit to be hcicher befoir or equall to the said degrie stait dignitie 
name ordour titill and style of Baronet now prcsentlie gevin and grantit 
to the said Sir James Skene and his saidis aires male respective for ever 
And that the said Sir James Skene and his saidis aires male respective 
for ever sail and may in all tyme cuming frilie and quietlie have hold tak 
and enjoy all and sindrie thair saidis dignities places priorities precedien- 
cies preeminencies prerogatives and privileges befoir all uther persones 
quhatsumever who ar or salbe maid or appointit of onie suche degries 
stattis or dignities names ordouris titillis and styllis or to quhom onie 
suche place precedence or preeminence salbe so gevin and grantit And 
that the wyffis soncs dochteris and sones wyffis of the said Sir James 
Skene and his saidis aires male respective for ever sail have hold tak and 
enjoy thair saidis places priorities and precedencies accordinglie And 
farder that na persone or persones quhatsumever at onie tyme heirefter 
salbe maid Barronettis of the said kingdome of Scotland and countrey 
of New Scotland bot such as for the wcill and furtherance of the said 
plantatioun of the countrey of New Scotland sail first perform the con- 
ditiones appointit be his Majestie for that effect and certifie the samen 
to his Hienes or his commissionaris be his Majesties said Livetenent 
quhom his Majestie hath appointit to sie the performance therof And 
mairover that thir presentis salbe gude valide effectual! and sufficient in 



PATENT OF BARONETCY. 223 

all tyme cuming in all pointis as is abone writtin To the said Sir James 
Skene and his saidis aires male respective for ever and to thair wyffis 
sones dochteris and sones wyffis respective and ilk ane of thame in the 
law aganes his Majestie his aires and successouris and aganes all persones 
quhatsumever in all his Majesties his aires and successouris courttis and 
in all places quhatsumever at all tymes and occasiones notwithstanding 
of ony law custome prescriptioun use ordinance or constitution quhat- 
sumever ather alreadie maid usit publist ordanit or providit or quhilk 
heirefter salbe maid publist appointit usit ordanit or providit and not- 
withstanding of onie uther mater caus or occasioun quhatsumever 
And finallie his Majestie for his Hienes and his successouris with 
avise foirsaid Willis decernis and ordines the foirsaid charter to follow 
heirupoun with all and sindrie liberties privileges claussis articles con- 
ditiones and utheris foirsaidis to be ratifeit approvin and confermit in 
the nixt Parliament of the said kingdome of Scotland or onie uther 
Parliament of the samen kingdome thereftcr at the plessour of the said 
Sir James Skene and his saidis aires male and to have the strenth force 
and effect of ane Decreit and sentence of that soverane and supreme 
Judicatorie (Ouhairanent his Majestie for his Hienes and his successouris 
Willis and declaires the samen charter and claus therin contenit to be 
sufficient warrand to that effect promitting the samen to be so performit 
in verbo regio and to extend and inlarge the samen with all claussis neid- 
full in ampil forme Ouhilck charter under the great Seale sail contene 
therin ane precept of saising direct to the Shereff of Edinburgh and his 
deputtis or to Shereffis in that pairt with ane blank for inserting of thair 
names chargeing thame upoun the sicht of the said charter to be 
grantit to the said Sir James Skene and his abone writtin be his 
Majestie under his Hienes said great Seale of the said kingdome of 
Scotland that thay or ony of thame sail incontinent herefter give 
heritable stait saising and possessioun corporall actuall and reall 
of all and haill the foirsaidis landis baronie and regalitie of with 

all and sindrie thair pairtis pendiclis privileges liberties commodities 
and utheris quhatsumever alsvveill particularlie as generallie abone 
mentionat To the said Sir James Skene or his actornay or actornayes 
bcararis of the said charter be deliverance of eard and stane at the 
Castell of Edinburgh And that thay on nawise leave this undone The 
quhilk to do his Majestie be the said charter sail give his full and irrevo- 



224 APPENDIX NO. VI. 

cabill power to the saidis Shereffis in that pairt and ilk ane of thame 
conjunctlie and severallie as said is The quhilk saising his Majestie with 
avise foirsaid willis decernis declaires and ordines be thir presentis to be 
als valide effectuall and sufficient in all respectis as give preceptis of 
saising had bene severalie and ordourlie direct furth of his Majesties 
Chancelarie to that effect upoun the said Charter anent the quhilk his 
Majestie with consent foirsaid hes dispensit and be the tenour of the said 
Charter for his Hicnes and his successouris be thir presentis dispenssis 
for ever And that preceptis etc. At Halyrudhous the day 

of Suprascribitur Charles R. Et Subscribitur 

sic Geo. Cancell' Mar th rs Hadintoun Roxburgh Arskyne Naper Arch : 
Archesonc 

May it pic;-, your Lordshippis 

This Signature grantit be his Majestie to Sir James Skene of Currie- 
hill Knycht President of the Session (wherby he is creat Knycht Barronet) 
is in all thingis conforme to these alreadie past the great scale of the same 
nature and wherupoun he hath gevin satisfactioun to Sir Williame 
Alexander Knycht his Majesties principall Sccritaric of Scotland and 
Livetcnnent of Xew Scotland Quhilk I do testifie sic subscribitur 

J. SCOTTISTARVETT 

Registrat 26 January 1630 



APPENDIX N°- VII. 

Letters from Hugh Skene and his Wife, Petronella van 
sorgen, addressed to " the lady halyards, living in 
the Skinner's Closs, Edinburgh, North Britain."* 



Dear and Loving Mother, Sisters and Brother, — 

Since it is the pleasure of the Almighty God to lay his hand on me, 
and by all appearance litle or no hopes of recovery, my disease being 
given over by all my physicians, I having taken it by a severe grave 
coliquc, which continued for some days, and at last being found that it is 
a putrification in my lungs, that my only recourse is to the Almighty 
God and my Saviour Jesus Christ, and to be in unity with all men. 
Soe my Dear mother, sisters and brother, wherein I have offended you, I 
first ask pardon of God, and then of you all, and begs earnestly off you 
all that if my Heavenly Father shall remove me from this world to his 
heavenly rest, that you will take this poor woman, my dear and Loving 
Wyff and children, in your motherly, sisterly, and brotherly care, for 
believe me wee shall never be in capacity to repay her for the care that 
she hath taken of me. Soe my Dear Mother, sisters and brother, this 
being my earnest and last desire to you all, and while I am here my 
prayers shall allwise be for you, recomending you all to the protection of 
the Almighty God, and hopping that this, my last desire, shall be granted. 
I rest, Dear and Loving Mother, sisters and brother, your ever affec- 
tionate and Loving son and brother, while I am upon this side of time. 

Heugh O Skene, his 

mark. 
Tournay, Jully 23 (N. S.), 1724. 

* From the Curriehill Charter Chest. 
E E 



226 APPENDIX NO. VII. 

Postscript — This day I have taken the last consultation of all the 
doctors of the town, but I am affrayed to non effect. 

My wife is within two months of her time to come in childbed. Dear 
Mother, perform a loving mother to them. Adue. Dear brother, if you 
can help her to a pension from the king, I am hopfull you'l doe it. 



Loving Mother — 

I am sorry to give you the disconsolate newes of your sones death 
about four weeks ago. He was taken with a violent cholick, and upon 
that a strong fever with stitches in his right side, so that it hes pleased 
the Lord to take him to himself. He departed upon Tuesday last, being 
the 25th (new style), with his full understanding and compleatt sences. 
After that the doctors had all given him over I had three severale 
consultationes of the best Docters in Town to see if ther was any 
possible remedy, but against death ther is none. He was so entirely 
beloved of all, that all or most of the officers in generall of the garrisone 
conveyed him to his buriall place (with great Lamentatione), which was 
in the French Church, wher he was most honorably interred, both for my 
own particular respect, as also of you and all his friends. I doubt not 
but you will sympathize with my disconsolate conditione, considering how 
I am stated, with a young child, and another in my belly. I know not 
well what to doe, only I cast myself upon God, who cares for the widow 
and fatherless, and upon my good friends. I shall patiently wait your 
answer and advice what I shall doe. Your son many times said that he 
had a great desire, if it had pleased God, to have seen you once more had 
it been possible. Be pleased to signifie his death to all our good friends 
with my most entire love to them all. I hope you will do your endeavour 
and employ our friends to see to procure me a pensione. No more, but 
recommending you to the care of the Almighty, I rest, Loving Mother, 
Your affectionate daughter, 

PlETEKNELA VAN SORGEN, 
W'EEDCUN Skenen. 

Tournay, July 30 (New Style), 1724. 

In case your son be not in toun, pray doe not fail to send the 
enclosed to him, by a corier, with all possible 



LETTERS ADDRESSED TO LADY HALYARDS. 22J 

3- 
Dear and Loving Mother — 

After my very humble respects to you, the first October (new style), 
I was brought to bed of a daughter, and was called after Sister Helen. 
I received the 3 guineas from Mrs. Mosman, but no letter, she having lost 
it by the way. I am very thankful to you for your motherly care you 
have of me, and I shall never omitt that part of my duty to be instante 
with God for you that he may bless and prosper you and every thing 
that you take in hand. I have sent Dromondus over, according to your 
desire, which I am hopfull you'l be mother and father to him, he haveing 
no other as you, under God. I have given the woman 14 flamish gu : 
which is 14 pounds Scots for her journay. 

It is earnestly desired that you will put George in mind of me, for you 
can very well think in what condition I am in. Recommending you all 
in the protection of the Almighty God. 

Dear and Loving Mother, 

Your affectionate daughter and humble servant, 

(Signed) PlETERNELA VAN SORGEN. 

Tournay, Oct. 4th, 1724. 



APPENDIX N° VIII. 
Papers connected with the Skenes ok Belhelvie.* 



Inhibition James Arbuthnot agt. Gilbert Skene in Over/till, and others. 

31 J«ty> l 5 S 7- 

JAMES be the grace of God King of Scottis To our lowittis Thomas 
Maneris Messingeris our Shereffis in that part conjunctlie and severallie 
spcciallie constitut greting fforsamekill as it is humlie menit and schawin 
to us be our lowit James Arbuthnot of Lentusche That quhair he obtcnit 
decreit befoir the lordis of our counsall Aganis Thomas Ker burges of 
Aberdeen Thomas Buk burges of the same bruch Gilbert Skein in Over- 
hill John Clerk in Pottertoun George Gordoun burges of the same brugh 
and George Ker of Benvellis for the wrangous violent and maisterfull 
spoliatioun away taking resetting detening and withhalding be thame selffis 
thair servandis complices and wtheris in thair names of thair causing com- 
mand assistance and ratihabitioun fra the said complenar furth of the grund 
of the landis of Overtoun of Balhelveis Murtoun Keir and Langseitt with 
thair pertinentis lyand within our Sherefdome of Aberdeen and furth of 
the duelling houssis thairof hallis chalmeris buithis byris and wtheris 
office houssis of the same pertening to the said complenar be guid rycht 
and tytill vpon the sextene day of Junij the yeir of God J m . V c . fourscoir 
four yeiris of certane comes catell hors nolt scheip insicht plenesing 
wreittis obligatiounes infeftmentis abulzementis gold siluer and wtheris 
guidis and geir extending to certane gryt quantateis availlis and pryces as 
in the principall lybellit summondis rasit and execut at the said complen- 
aris instance aganis thame thairwpon schawin to the lordis off our counsell 

* I-'rum the Public Records. 



PAPERS CONNECTED WITH THE SKENES OF BELHELVIE. 220, 

at mair lenth is contenit and now the saidis persones perfyitlie vnder- 
standing that the said complenar will obtein decreit condamnatour aganis 
thame in the said mater that in the meintym in manifest defraud of him 
anent the cxecutioun thairof intendis as he is informit to sell annalie 
dispone put away and dilapidat thair landis heretages takis stedingis 
rowmes togidder with thair comes cattell guidis and geir swa that the 
saidis persones sail mak tham selffis onabill to fulfill the said decreit to 
the said complenar quhairby he will be altogidder frustrat and defraudit 
of all executioun thairof to his gryt apperand skayth without we and the 
saidis lordis provyid remeid as is allegit Our WILL IS heirfoir and we 
charge yow straitlie and commandis that incontinent thir our letteris 
sene ye pas and in our name and auctoritie fence and arrest all and sindrie 
the foirnamit persones cornes cattell merchandice dettis sowmes of 
money insicht plenesing maillis fermes and deweteis of thair landis gif 
thai ony have and all wtheris thair guidis and geir quhatsumevir in quhat 
handis or quhairevir the samyn can be apprehendit within our realme and 
mak Inventar to remane vnder arrestment at the said complenaris in- 
stance ay and quhill sufficient souertie be fundin that the samyn salbe 
furthcumand to him as law will And als that he in our name and auc- 
torite command and charge the saidis defendaris that thai on nawayis 
sell annalie wadsett dispone dilapidat nor putt away ony of thair landis 
heretages takis stedings rowmes or possessions or yit thair cornes cattell 
guidis or geir in defraud off the said complenar anent the forsaid decreit 
to be obtenit be him aganis thame as said is And siclyk that ye mak Inhibi- 
tioun be oppin proclamatioun at the mercat croces off Aberdeen and wtheris 
places neidfull to all and sindrie our lieges and wtheris quhom it affeiris that 
thai nor nane off thame persew nor tak vpon hand to by tak in wadsett be 
assignatioun resignatioun reversioun alienatioun lang or schort takis nor 
ony wther maner of dispositioun quhatsumevir fra the foirnamit defendaris 
or ony of thair saidis landis heretagis takis stedingis rowmes or possessiones 
or yit thair cornes cattell guidis or geir in defraud of the said complenar, or 
yit to by or blok or sell with thame as said is with certificatioun to thame 
that dois in the contrair that all sic bying selling wadsetting be assig- 
natioun resignatioun reversioun alienatioun lang or short takis or ony 
vther maner of dispositioun quhatsumevir salbe decernit and declarit be 
the saidis lordis of our counsall to be of nane availl force nor effect with 
all that sail follow thairwpon Becaus the saidis lordis hes sene the 



23O APPENDIX NO. Mil. 

dependance abonewrittin according to Justice as ye will answer to ws 
thairwpon The quhilk to do we commit to yow conjunctlie and severalie 
our full power be thir our lettres delyvering thame be yow deulie execute 
and indorsit agane to the berar gevin vnder our Signet at Edinburgh the 
tent day of Januar and of our regne the tuentie yeir 1586 yeiris. 

Ex deliberatione dominorum consilij Vpone the tuentie fyift day of 
July the yeir of God J m . V c . fourscoir sevin yeiris I Thomas Maneris 
messinger Sheref in that part past at the command and charge of our 
soverane lordis lettres to the mercat croce of Aberdeen and thair be 
oppin proclamatioun arrestit all the guidis and geir movabill and 
and vnmovabill pertening to Thomas Ker burges of Aberdeen Thomas 
Buk burges of the said brugh Gilbert Skeyne in Overhill John Clerk in 
Pottertoun George Gordoun burges of the said brucht To remane vnder 
arrestment ondisponit be thame or ony wtheris in thair names in quhat 
place or quhais handis the samin is fund or may be fund ay and quhill 
sufficient cautioun be fund to the said complenar as law will vnder all 
hiest pane and charge that cftir may follow conforme to thir our soverane 
lordis Ietteris in all pointis And siclyk Inhibit all our soverane lordis 
lieges to have bying and selling with the saidis pcrsones in defraud of the 
said complenar or ony vvtherwayis be ony privat or publict actioun maid 
be thame thairanent And this I did bcfoir thair witnessis James 
Cunningham servand to my lord bischop of Aberdeen Andro King 
burges thair and Andro Kilgour in Auld Aberdeen with wtheris dyvers 
And for the mair securetie to this my executioun and indorsatioun 
subscrivit with my hand my stampt is affix it. 

Productum et registratum vt supra vltimo die mensis Julij 1587. 



Decreet Andro Crombie agt. David Skene, burgess of Posen. 
11 November, 1596. 

Vndecimo Novembris 1596 

The quhilk day the lordis of counsall Advocattis the actioun and 

caus persewit of befoir at the instance of Andro Crambie and Mertine 

Howiesoun burgessis of the burgh of Abirdene allegit executouris con- 

fermit to vmquhile Thomas Crambie burges of the said burgh of Abirdene 



PAPERS CONNECTED WITH THE SKENES OF BELHELVIE. 23 1 

and als allegit tutouris testamentaris to Marjorie and Jeanc Crambies 
lauchfull dochteris to the said vmquhile Thomas Aganis Dauid Skene 
merchand and burges of Poisnay in Poill Befoir Andro Sklatter watter 
baillie in Leyth Tueching the decerning of the said Dauid Skene be the 
said baillies decreit to content and pay to thame as allegit executouris 
foirsaidis the soume of aucht hundreth floranles concerning the said 
vmquhile Thomas part and allegit intromettit with be the said Dauid 
Skene in the yeir of God J m . V c . fourscoir aucht yeiris As at mair lenth 
is contenit in the pretendit principall petitioun and clame gevin in be 
thame aganis the said Dauid Skene To thameselffis to be proceidit befoir 
thame siclike and in the samin manir as micht or suld haif bene proceidit 
befoir the said watter baillie And thairfoir discharges the said Andro 
Sklatter watter baillie foirsaid of all forder proceiding in the said mater 
dischargeing him thairof and of his office in that part And hes assignit 
and assignis the last day of November instant with continewatioun of 
dayes to the said Dauid Skene to answer to the said principall petitioun 
and clame And in the menetyme hes continewet the said mater vnto the 
day foirsaid The said Dauid Skene compeirand be Maister Thomas 
Henrisoun his procuratour and the saidis Andro Crambie and Mertine 
Howiesoun compeirand be Maister Alexander King thair procuratour 
Quhilkis ar warnit heirof Apud acta. 



Decreet Patrick Lord Glatnmis against his Tenants, ij July, 1597. 

Decimo quarto Julij 1597. 
The quhilk day in the actioun and caus persewit at the instance of 
ane nobill and michtie lord Patrik lord Glammis Aganes Elizabeth 
Forbes relict of vmquhile Walter Barclay in Courtestoun and Walter 
Barclay his sone pretendit tennentis and occupearis of sax pleuches of 
land of Courtestoun with the Mylne of Auchinacher and Mylnelandis 
thairof Andro Halyburtoun and William Layng pretendit tennentis and 
occupearis of the landis of Drumgovane with the pertinentis Patrik 
Johnnstoun in Haltoun James Arbuthnot in Portertoun Johnn Arbuthnot 
in Egie Maister Thomas Gairne of Blairtoun Jeane Gordoune relict of 
vmquhile George Gordoun in Cragie William Gordoun hir sone Sir Johnne 



232 APPENDIX NO. VIII. 

Gordoun of Pitlurge Knicht Katherene Meinzeis in Horscruik Thomas 
Johnnstoun hir sone Dauid Arbuthnot in Lamfute Johnne Tilleric in 
Hilbray George Smyth in Tannareis Andro Lyoun younger in the 
Maynes of Ardow Dauid Lyoun thair Robert Clark thair Patrik Tail- 
zeour in Yronruffis Paul Rae thair Johnne Beane in Eister Ardow Andro 
Lyoun elder thair James Smith thair Gilbert Jafray thair Gilbert Sandie 
in Mekle Mure Tailzeour his mother thair Gilbert 

Skene in Ovcrhill Robert Skene his sone thair Andro Tailzeour tailzeour 
Dauid Skene at the Mylne of Potterfeild Marjorie Baird relict of vmquhile 
James Lyoun in Smyddie Croft Patrik Ramsay at the Mylne of Haltoun 
George Clark thair Andro Mylne in Haltoun Andro Cold thair Walter 
Edmand thair Thomas Symesoun in Fischischillis Elizabeth Thomsoun 
relict of vmquhile Williame Kay in Murebume Johnne Kay hir sone 
thair Patrik Leith in the Bra Johnne Clark in the Pottartoun Andro 
Wod thair and Gilberth Forsyth at the Mylne of Ardocht Tuitching 
the decerning of thame to flit and remove thamc selffis thair tennentis 
familie subtenncntis cottaris guidis and geir furth and fra all and haill the 
foirsaidis landis and baronie of Bahalveis with annexis conncxis pairtis 
pendicles mylnes multuris fischingis and all and sindrie thair pertinentis 
ilkane of thame respectiue for thair awin pairtis safar as thay occupie 
thairof conformc to ane warning maid to thame to that effect befoir the 
feist and terme of witsonday last bipast or ellis to have allegit ane 
ressonabill caus quhy the samin suld not have bene done as at mair lenth 
is contenit in the principall summoundis raisit in the said mater Compeirit 
Maisteris Johnne Scharpe and William Oliphant procuratouris for the 
said noble and michtie lord persewar foirsaid and Maister Johnne 
Xicolson procuratour for the said James Arbuthnot, Johnne Arbuthnot, 
Katherene Meynzeis Andro Myll, as also compeirit the said George 
Gordoun, David Arbuthnot and Patrik Johnnstoun be Maister 
Alexander King thair procuratour It was allegit be the saidis Maisteris 
Johnne Nicolsoun and Alexander King procuratouris foirsaidis for thair 
clientis abonewrittin that thay aucht not be decemit to flit and remove 
fra the landis abonewrittin safar thairof as is occupeit be thame Becaus 
thay ar subtenncntis to Patrik Lyoun burges of Dundie quha was 
heritable infeft in the foirsaidis landis lybellit the tyme of the foirsaid 
warning and be vertew thairof in possessioun of the samin landis lykas 
the saidis tennentis war in vse to pay thair maillis and dewteis to the 



PAPERS CONNECTED WITH THE SKENES OF BELHELVIE. 233 

said Patrik at the leist vtheris in his name at his command divers yeiris 
preceiding the said warning And the said Patrik being infeft as said is and 
in possessioun in maner aboncwrittin and be not warnit to flit and remove 
na proces of removing can be grantit at the said persewaris instance aganis 
the saidis persounes subtennentes to the said Patrik To the quhilk it was 
answerit and replyit for the part of the said persewar be the saidis 
Maisteris Johnne Scharpe and William Oliphant his procuratouris foir- 
saidis that the said alledgeance aucht to be repellit nather can the saidis 
tennentis defend thaineselffis be ony richt that is in the persoun of the 
said Patrik Lyoun thair allegit maister and that he is not warnit in this 
removing Becaus the said Patrik compeiris and concurris with the said 
persewar in persute of the said actioun of removing lykas thay compeir 
as procuratouris for him to that effect quhairby this proces of removing 
can not be hinderit or stayit throw the not warning of the said Patrik 
Lyoun to flit and remove as said is. Secondlie it was answerit for the 
part of the said persewar that the said alledgeance aucht to be repellit 
nather was it necessar to the said persewar to have warnit the said 
Patrik Lyoun to have flittit and removit Becaus gif ony infeftment the 
said Patrik Lyoun haid of the foirsaidis landis the samin with all richt 
title of richt that he haid or mycht pretend in and to the saidis landis 
was renuncit be him And siklyk the saidis persounes can not be hard to 
stay the said proces of removing nor to cleith thame selff with ony richt 
in the persute of the said Patrik Lyoun thair allegit maister albeit he 
nather haid nor wald concur in this persute. Thridlie answerit that the 
said alledgeance aucht to be repellit becaus gif ony infeftment was grantit 
to the said Patrik of the saidis landis the samin was simulatlie grantit in 
safar as it was mediatlie grantit to the said Patrik Seing that notwith- 
standing the said infeftment contenit and bur that it was grantitto the 
said Patrik yit the samin in verie deid is disponit and givin to the behuif 
and utilitie of Sir Thomas Lyoun of Auldbar Knicht quha remainit in 
continuall possessioun thairoff to the tyme that the said Patrik Lyoun 
maid renunciation of the foirsaid infeftment grantit to him of the samin 
Lykas he offiris him to preve that the saidis tennentis maid payment of 
thair maillis and dewteis of the foirsaidis landis to the said Sir Thomas 
Lyoun continuallie fra the said allegit infeftment grantit to the said 
Patrik Lyoun to the yeir of God J m . V c . lxxxxv yeiris And sa the 
infeftment grantit to the said Patrik can na wayes be prcsupponit to be 
F F 



234 APPENDIX NO. VIII. 

his richt bot altogidder to be grantit to the behuif of the said Sir Thomas 
Lyouti Quhilk alledgance with the saidis thrie answeris maid thairto 
preponit for elyding thairof being at lenth hard sene and considderit The 
lordis of counsall be sentence interloquutour hes admittit and admittis 
the said exceptioun to the said excepientis probatioun nochtwithstanding 
the thrie said replyes abonewrittin maid thairto Ouhairupon the saidis 
Maisteris Johnne Nicolsoun and Alexander King askit instrumentis 
And the saidis lordis declairis that the admissioun of the said exceptioun 
nochtwithstanding the saidis thrie answeris maid thairto is alwayes but 
prejudice of ony vther reply alreddie proponit quhilk hes ressavit na 
answer and of quhatsumever vther reply may be heirefter allegit for 
elyding of the said exceptioun as accordis of the law. 



Letters of Horning Gilbert Hendrie agt. David Skene, and others, 
ij February, ij(/6-/. 

Jam is be the grace of God King of Scotis to our Louitis Alexander 
George messinger our Sherifis in that part conjunctlie and severalie 
specialie constitute grciting fforsamekill as it is humlie menit and schawin 
to ws be our louit Gilbert Hendrie burges of Aberdeen That quhair 
George Clerk in Overhill of Balhelvie David Skene at the Milne of 
Pottertoun Gilbert Skene in Overhill of Balhelvie band and oblist thame 
conjunctlie and severalie be thair Lettres obligatouris to pay and delyver 
to the said complenar All and haill the soume of four pundis vsuall 
money of this realme for ilk boll of twelfscoir and ten bollis ait meill at 
ane certane terme alreddy bypast Lyik as the lettres obligatouris maid 
thairanent of the dait at Aberdeen the sevint of Junij in the yeir of 
God J m . V c . fourscoir and threttene yeiris decernit and ordanit to be 
insert and registrat in the buikis of our commissariot of Aberdeen with 
executioun to follow thairvpoun of poinding and horning on ane simpill 
charge of sex dayis off the dait at Aberdeen the xiij day of August the 
yeir of God J m . V c . fourscoir and sextene yeiris at mair lenth proportis 
Nevertheles the saidis personis refuisis postponis and deferris to pey and 
delyver to the said complenar the soumis of money abonwrittin inrespect 
quhairof the said complenar raisit our commissaris precept and thair that 



PAPERS CONNECTED WITH THE SKENES OE BELHELVIE. 235 

causit charge the said George Clerk David Skeyne and Gilbert Skcyne 
to mak payment to him of the soumes within ane certane space nixt efter 
the charge as the precept dewlie execute and indorsat and schawin to 
the lordis of our counsall hes testifeit Quhilk space being bypast the 
saidis personis hes nawayis as yit obeyit nor will obey the command of 
the saidis charge without thay be forder compellit as is allegeit Oure 
will is hcirfoir and we charge yow straitlie and commandis that inconti- 
nent thir our Lettres sene ye pas and in our name and auctoritie command 
and charge the saidis George Clerk David and Gilbert Skeynes conjunctlie 
and severalie to mak peyment to the said complenar of the said sovvme 
of four pundis money of our realme for ilk boll of the said tuelf scoir 
bollis ait meill efter the forme and tennour of the saidis Lettres obliga- 
touris decrete of our said commissar interponit thairto and precept past 
thairvpoun in all pointis within sex dayis nixt efter thaj be chargeit be 
yow thairto vnder the pane of rebellioun and putting of thame to our 
home and gif they failzie the said sex dayis being bypast that ye incon- 
tinent denuncc the disobeyaris rebellis and put thame to our home and 
ordane all thair movabill guidis and geir to be escheit and imbrocht to 
our vse for thair contemptioun and immediatlie efter your said denuncea- 
tioun that ye mak intimatioun thairof conforme to our act of parliament 
maid thairanent Becaus the saidis lordis hes sene the commissaris 
precept deulie execute and indorsat according to Justice as ye will answer 
to ws thairvpoun The quhilk to do we commit to yow conjunctlie and 
severalie our full power be thir our Lettres delyvering thame be yow deulie 
execut and indorsit agane to the berar Givin wnder our signet at Leyth 
the fyftene day of Februar and of our ring the threttie yeir 1596. 

Ex deliberatione Dominorum consilij. 

Wpoun the aucht day of Marche the yeir of God J m . V c . fourscoir and 
sextene yeiris I Alexander George messinger executour of our soverane 
Lordis lettres withinwrittin past at command thairof and commandit and 
chargit George Clerk in Overkill of Balhelvie David Skeyne at the Milne 
of Pottertoun Gilbert Skeyne in Overhill off Balhelvie all personalie 
aprehendit and delyverit to ilkane of thame ane auctentik copie of the 
withinwrittin lettres to pey and delyver to Gilbert Henrie complenar 
within specifeit the soume of four pundis Scotis money for ilk boll of 
tuelf scoir and ten bollis ait meill within sex dayis nixt efter this my 
charge wnder the pane of rebellioun and putting of thame to our souerane 



APPENDIX NO. VIII. 

Iordis home Ccrtcfeing thame gif thaj failzcit the saidis sex dayis being 
bypast I wald denunce thame thairto conforme to the tennour of the 
saidis lettres in all pointis And this I did befoir thir witnessis respective 
Robert Skeyne in Ovcrhill of Belhelvie Patrik Ramsay at the Nethir 
Milne callit the Dcnmilne of Balhelvie Alexander Henrie sone to the 
said Gilbert Henrie And for the mair verificatioun to this my executioun 
subscryvit with my hand my signet is afixit sic subscribitur Alexander 
George messinger with my hand Wpoun the first day of Junij the yeir of 
God J m . V c . nyntie and sevin yeiris I the said Alexander George 
messinger executour within constitute past at the command of the within- 
writtin lettres and be vcrtue thairof maid intimatioun to the said Gilbert 
Skeyne personaly aprchendit of my former charge given to him and to 
George Clerk now duelland in Milnedcn of Balhelvie at his duelling place 
of the Milden and David Skeyne at his duelling place of the Milne of 
Pottcrtounc becaus I could not aprehend thame personaly efter I haid 
knokit sex knokis at ilkanc of the durris of thair saidis duellingis maid 
intimatioun thairat of my former charge that inrespect of thair disobedi- 
ence I wald denunce thame our soveranc Iordis rcbellis and put thame to 
his hines home conforme to the tennour of the withinwrittin Lettres in 
all pointis And this I did befoir thir witnessis Patrik Ramsay in 
Milneden Johne Folay scrvitour to mc the said Alexander George And 
for the mair verificatioun to this my executioun subscryvit with my hand 
my signet is afixit sic subscribitur Alex 1 ' George messinger And vpoun 
the samin first day of Junij the yeir of God foirsaid I the said Alexander 
George messinger executour withinconstitute past at the command of 
the Lettres withinwrittin to the merkat crocc of the brugh of Aberdeen 
and thair in our Souerane Lordis name and auctoritie conforme to the 
tennour of the saidis Lettres lauchfullie denuncit the said George Clerk 
Gilbert Skeyne and David Skeyne our souerane lordis rebell and put 
thame to his hines home be thrc blastis as vse is and ordanit thair haill 
movabill guidis and geir to be escheit and imbrocht to our souerane 
lordis vse for thair contemptioun and that becaus thaj haid dissobeyit my 
former charge and intimatioun maid thairof and haid nocht maid peyment 
of the soumes withinspecifeit to the said complenar conforme to the 
saidis Lettres and charge givin thame be vertue thairof And this I did 
conforme to the tennour of the saidis Lettres in all pointis befoir thir 
witnessis Johne Irwing in Funerssy David Knollis David Ranaldsone 



PAPERS CONNECTED WITH THE SKENES OF 1SELHELVIE. 2^ 

Johne Layng Robert Forbes eldar burgessis of Aberdeen And for the 
mair verificatioun to this my executioun my signet is affixit sic sub- 
scribitur Alex r George messinger with my hand. 

Productum et registratum vndecimo die mensis Junij anno Domini 
millesimo quingentesimo nonagesimo septimo. 



Relaxation from Homing of David Skcync and fames Bannerman. 
g January, 1602. 

James be the grace of God King of Scottis To our lovittis Johne Crau- 
furd messinger our Shereffis in that pairte conjunctlie and severalie 
specialie constitute greiting forsameklc as it is humelie menit and schawin 
to \vs be our lovittis David Skeyne at the Mylne off Potertoun and James 
Banerman baxter and burges of our burghc of Aberdeen That quhairas 
the said compleneris ar informeit thej ar denunceit rebellis and put to our 
home be vertew of our vtheris letteris of horning raisit at the instance of 
the persones respective efter nameit and for the caussis vnderwrittin viz the 
said David Skeyn be vertew of our saidis vtheris letteris of horning raisit at 
the instance of Gilbert Hendrie burges of our said burgh of Aberdeen 
for non payment making to him of the sowme of four pundis money of 
our realme for ilk boll of Twelf scoir ten bollis ait meill contenit in ane 
obligatioun maid to him be George Clark at the Mylne of Haltoune as 
principall and Gilbert Skeyn in Ouertoune of Balhelvie and the said 
David Skeyne as souerties and full debtouris for him and with him of the 
dait at Aberdeen the sevinteine day of Junij the yeir of God J m . V c . 
fourscoir fourtein yeiris and registrat in our commissareis buikis of 
Aberdeine vpoune the fourtein day of August the yeir of God J m . V c . 
four scoir sexteine yeiris and the said James Banerman be vertew of 
vtheris Lettres of horning raisit at the instance of Alexander Chapman 
sumtyme in Blairdaff and presentlie dwelland in Sauchthyne aganes 
Johne Banerman in Boigfairlie as principall and the said James as 
cautioner and souertie for him for non payment making to the said 
Alexander of the sowme of four pundis money of our realme for ilk boll 
of certane bollis of victuall specifeit in the Lettres obligatouris maid be 



23^> APPENDIX NO. VIII. 

thame to him thairanent maist wrangouslie and injustlie considering it is 
of veritie that the saidis compleneris and ilkane of thame haif maid 
compleit payment to the saidis persones and ather of thame of the 
forsaidis haill sowmes of money respective abonewrittin and hes reportit 
thair severall acquittance thairvpoune nocht onlie grantand the resset of 
the saidis sowmes ilkane of thame for thair awin pairtes of the samen 
and dischargeing the saidis compleneris and ather of thame respective 
thairof bot als renunceing and dischargeing all lettres of horning 
poynding and captioune and vtheris quhatsumever raisit at on)- of thair 
instances thairvpoune as the saidis acquittances schawin to the lordis of 
our counsall hes tcstifict and thairfoir our saidis vtheris lettres of horning 
raisit and execute aganes the saidis compleneris and ather of thame at 
the instance of ilkane of the saidis persones and effectis thairoff aucht 
and suld be suspendit vpoune the saidis compleneris and thaj and ilkane 
of thame simpliciter relaxt fra the proces of horning respective execute 
aganes thame be vertew thairof namelie In respect that thej haiff 
alrcddie interponit with our thesaurcr for the gift of thair eschcitis and 
hes satisfiet him thairfoir as the contract of the gift grantit thairvpoun 
lyikwayis schawin to the saidis lordis of our counsall beiris Oure Will is 
hcirfoir and we charge yow that ye lauchfullie summond warne and 
charge the saidis Gilbert Hcndrie and Alexander Chapman pairties 
forsaidis To compeir befoir ws and the lordis of our counsall 
at Edinburgh or quhair it sail hapine ws to be for the tyme the 
Twcntie fourt day of Januar instant in the hour of caus with 
continewatioun of dayis bringand with thame the forsaidis registrat 
obligatiounes and our saidis vtheris lettres of hornings respective 
raisit at ather of thair instances thairvpoun with the execu- 
tiouncs thairof to be seine and considerit be the lordis of our counsall 
and to heir and sie the samen lettres effect thairoff and horning contenit 
thairintill susspendit vpoune the saidis compleneris and thaj simpliciter 
relaxt fra the proces of horning execute aganes thame and ather of thame 
be vertew thairof in all tymes cuming for the caussis forsaid Atour we 
and the saidis lordis of our counsall in our name be the tenore heirof 
suspendis our forsaidis vther Ic'.tres of horning raisit and execute at the 
instance of ather of the saidis persones effectis thairof and horning 
contenit thairin and discharges all our officiaris of puting of the samen to 
ony forder executioune vpone the saidis compleneris or ony of thame and 



PAPERS CONNECTED WITH THE SKENES OF BELHELVIE. 239 

of thair office in that pairte And als that he in our name and auctoritie 
relax the said David Skeyne and James Banerman and ilkane of thame 
fra the forsaidis proces of hornings respective abone reherseit execute 
aganes thame at the instance of ather of the forsaidis persones in maner 
abone mentiounat receave thame to our peace and delyver to thame or 
ony vtheris in thair names the wand thairoff quhill the last day of the 
samen moneth becaus the saidis lordis hes seine the discharges and gift 
of escheit abonewrittin According to justice as ye will answer to ws 
thairvpoune The quhilk to do we commit to yow conjunctlie and 
severalie our full power be thir our Lettres delyvering thame be yow 
dewlie execute and indorsate agane to the berar Givcin vnder our 
signet at Edinburgh the nyint day of Januar and of our regne the xxxv 
yeir 1602 Ex deliberatione dominorum consilij. Wpone the sevinteine 
day of Februar the yeir of God J m . sex hundreth and twa yeiris I Johne 
Craufurd mcssinger shereff in that pairte within constitute past to the 
marcat croce of the burghe of Aberdeine and thairat be vertew and com- 
mand of thir oursouerane lordis lettres within writtin be opine proclamatioun 
and reiding of the saidis lettres in his hienes name and auctoritie relaxt 
David Skeyne of Potertoun and James Banerman baxter and burgcis of 
Aberdeine fra the proces of home respective as is within reherseit quhilk 
was execute aganes thame at the instance of Gilbert Hendrie and Alex- 
ander Chapman resaveit the saidis David Skeyne and James Banerman 
to our Souerane lordis peace and delyverit in signe the wand thairof to 
the foirnameit David Skeyne and the said James Banerman baith per- 
sonalie present And this I did conforme to this our souerane lordis 
lettres withinwrittin in all poyntes quhairof I left and affixt ane copie 
on the said cros Befoir thir witnessis Patrik Leslie William Leyth Robert 
Alschoner James King Johne Kempt burgessis of Aberdeine and for the 
mair verificatioun heirof to this executioun writtin and subscryvit with my 
hand my stampt is affixt heirtosic subscribitur Johne Craufurd messinger 
with my hand. 

Apud Aberdeen primo die mensis Marcij anno Dominj milesimo 
sexcentesimo secundo Productum per Magistrum Joanem Leyth advo- 
catum et registratum in libro registrj vicecomitatus de Aberdeen per me 
Magistrum Gulihelum Andersone notarium publicum scribam ejusdcm 
subscriptum secundum tenorem actj parliamentj sic subscribitur M r . 
W m . Andersone. 



APPENDIX N° IX. 

Renunciation of Sins by Sir George Skene of Rubislaw.* 

A Solemn Renunciation, Ane Holy Divorce of all and 
every Sin and of my sins in a special manner from this 
day hencefurth and forever. 

Aug. 24, 1684. 

ETERNAL, Heart-searching, Sin-Pardoning, Lord God ! I come unto 
thee this day, under a deep sense of my many heinous provocatiouns, 
desyring to humble myself in the dust before thee, acknowledging I am 
unworthy to lift up mine eyes to thy Heavens or to trade thy earth. 
That I have deserved thy eternal wrath and the hidings of thy face 
through eternitie. But thou spares when nothing is deserved but wrath. 
Thou art a God, mercifull, and gracious, yea, thou invites us to come to 
thee, though we have played the harlot with many lovers. Thou hast 
also promised whoso confesseth and forsaketh his sins shall find mercy. 

Upon which promise I lay hold, and I, Geo. Skene, do incall the 
Almighty, dreadfull Jehovah, God, the Father, Sone, and Holy Ghost, to 
whom I., G. S., appeal the sinceritie of my heart, that its the grief of my 
soul that ever I should have grecved thy blessed Majesty, and that I 
should have offended so oft tymes past number, and more especially that 
ever my idol lust should have prevailed so much over me, and that its my 
greatest grief I did not divorce them long ere now And thcrfor 1 call 
heaven and earth to record this day that I, G. S., do give ane ever- 
lasting divorce to all and everie known sin, and that from henceforth 

1 renounce my dearest lust, even to the end of my lyfe, and that it shall 

* From the Rubislaw Charter Chest. 



RENUNCIATION OF SINS. 241 

be my greatest care never to fall into any sin any more, promising and 
vowing unto thee, the searcher of hearts, that if I have done iniquity that 
I shall do so no more. 

Only, Lord, lett not unallowed failings make void this everlasting 
divorce betuixt sin and my soul. 

Almighty God, since I am unable of my self to resist sin for one 
moment, I therefore vow to perform, through thy strength alone and 
desayre wholly to rely upon thee, O God never leave me nor forsake me. 

And now I, Geo. Sk., again incall the Almighty, dreadfull Jehovah, 
God the Father, Sone, and Holy Ghost, that this is the fixt resolution of 
my soul never to fall into any known sin, and more particularly to guard 
against any idol sin, never to give it a kyndly look any more. And now, 
Almighty, all-seeing Lord, what is done on earth let it be ratified in 
heaven (even so help me God). 

(Signed) Geo. Skeyne. 

In confirmatioune whereof I seal it with my hand and wished to doe 
it with my blood, upon the bended knee both of soul and body. 



A Solemne Vow and Covenant Betwixt the Almighty Lord 
God of Hosts and George Skene, from this day from 
Henceforth and forever. 

Augt. 24, 1684. 

ALMIGHTY, Dreadful, Covenant-keeping Lord, who searches the heart 
and tryes the reines, I have run farr away from thee, I have sind against 
heaven and in thy sight, and am no more worthy to be called thy sone, O 
that thou woldst make me as the meanest of thy servants, yet since of 
thy infinit mercy thou hast provided mercy to all that turn in unto thee, 

1 desayre trembling to come and fall down before thee, to through away 
all the weapons of my rebellion, and wholly to submitt myself to thy 
laws. 

And since thou hast promised to all such as forsake their evil ways 
and turn to thee with their whole heart, that thou wilt be their God, and 
they shall be thy people, 



242 APPENDIX NO. IX. 

I, Geo. Skene, do her take heaven and earth to record that I take the 
great God, Father, Sone, and Holy Ghost, for my portion and chief good, 
and do give up myself, soul and body, wholly to thy service, and to 
strengthen thus my resolution, I promise to vow and forsake all that is 
dear unto me in a world, rather than to forsake thee, and that no tempta- 
tion to sin shall withdraw me from thy service, promising and vowing to 
serve thee in holiness and righteousness all the days of my life. 

And since thou hast appointed Christ as the only way for lost sinners 
to come to thee, I doe here, upon the bended knees, of my soul and body- 
accept of Christ, as the only way by which I, ane lost, undone wretch, 
may have access unto thee, and do here solemnly joyn myself in a mar- 
riage covenant to be his for ever, to take him as my alon Lord and 
Saviour, without whom I am undone through eternity. I hear take him for 
my head and husband, to be ruled and governed by him, and that I do 
take my lott with him, come what will come. I'll never forsake him, 
verily, supposing that neither death nor lyfe shall separate me from the 
love of God in Jesus Christ. 

Onely Lord let not unallowed misscarriages make void this everlast- 
ing covenant betwixt thee and my soul. 

And since O Lord, I am unable of myself to think a good thought, 
much less to keep closs with the throughout my lyf, therefore I vow to 
perform only through the assistance of thy spirit ; never leave me, therefor, 
nor forsake me, for if thou leave me I cannot stand one moment. Now, 
I, G. S., again call thee to witness the sinceritie of my heart, and that I 
doe it without any grudge, solemnly promising and vowing to own the 
for my Lord, and live to thee so long as I have a breathing tyme here 
(even so help me God), and now what is done on earth, lett it be ratified 
in heaven. 

(Signed) Geo. Skene. 

In confirmation whereof I seal it with my hand, and wish I could doe 
it with my blood, upon the bended knees both of my soul and 
body. 



APPENDIX N° X. 

Introduction to Canto Fourth of Marmiox. 
To James Skene, Esq. 

As/iesticl, Ettrick Forest. 

An ancient Minstrel sagely said, 
" Where is the life which late we led ? " 
That motley clown in Arden wood, 
Whom humorous Jaques with envy view'd. 
Not even that clown could amplify, 
On this trite text, so long as I. 
Eleven years we now may tell, 
Since we have known each other well ; 
Since, riding side by side, our hand 
First drew the voluntary brand ; 
And sure, through many a varied scene, 
Unkindness never came between. 
Away these winged years have flown, 
To join the mass of ages gone ; 
And though deep mark'd, like all below, 
With chequer'd shades of joy and woe ; 
Though thou o'er realms and seas hast ranged, 
Mark'd cities lost, and empires changed, 
While here, at home, my narrower ken 
Somewhat of manners saw, and men ; 
Though varying wishes, hopes, and fears 
Fever'd the progress of these years, 



APPENDIX NO. X. 

Yet now, days, weeks, and months but seem 
The recollection of a dream, 
So still we glide down to the sea 
Of fathomless eternity. 

Even now it scarcely seems a day, 
Since first I tun'd this idle lay ; 
A task so often thrown aside, 
When leisure graver cares denied, 
That now, November's dreary gale, 
Whose voice inspir'd my opening talc, 
That same November gale once more 
Whirls the dry leaves on Yarrow shore. 
Their vex'd boughs streaming to the sky, 
Once more our naked birches sigh, 
And Blackhousc heights, and Ettrick Pen, 
Have donn'd their wintry shrouds again : 
And mountain dark, and flooded mead, 
Bid us forsake the banks of Tweed. 
Earlier than wont along the sky, 
Mix'd with the rack, the snow mists fly. 
The shepherd, who in summer sun, 
Had something of our envy won, 
As thou with pencil, I with pen, 
The features traced of hill and glen ; 
He who, outstretch'd the livelong day, 
At ease among the heath-flowers lay, 
View'd the light clouds with vacant look, 
Or slumbcr'd o'er his tattered book, 
Or idly busied him to guide 
His angle o'er the lessen'd tide; — 
At midnight now, the snowy plain 
Finds sterner labour for the swain. 



When red hath set the beamless sun, 
Through heavy vapours dark and dun ; 



INTRODUCTION TO CANTO FOURTH OF MARMION. 

When the tired ploughman, dry and warm, 
Hears half-asleep, the rising storm 
Hurling the hail, and sleeted rain, 
Against the casement's tinkling pane; 
The sounds that drive wild deer, and fox, 
To shelter in the brake and rocks, 
Are warnings which the shepherd ask 
To dismal and to dangerous task. 
Oft he looks forth, and hopes, in vain, 
The blast may sink in mellowing rain ; 
Till, dark above, and white below, 
Decided drives the flaky snow, 
And forth the hardy swain must go. 
Long, with dejected look and whine, 
To leave the hearth his dogs repine ; 
Whistling and cheering them to aid, 
Around his back he wreathes the plaid: 
His flock he gathers, and he guides, 
To open downs, and mountain-sides, 
Where fiercest though the tempest blow, 
Least deeply lies the drift below. 
The blast, that whistles o'er the fells, 
Stiffens his locks to icicles; 
Oft he looks back, while streaming far, 
His cottage window seems a star, — - 
Loses its feeble gleam, — and then 
Turns patient to the blast again, 
And, facing to the tempest's sweep, 
Drives through the gloom his lagging sheep. 
If fails his heart, if his limbs fail, 
Benumbing death is in the gale : 
His paths, his landmarks, all unknown, 
Close to the hut no more his own, 
Close to the aid he sought in vain, 
The morn may find the stiffen'd swain : 
The widow sees, at dawning pale, 
His orphans raise their feeble wail ; 



246 APPENDIX NO. X. 

And, close beside him, in the snow, 
Poor Yarrow, partner of their woe, 
Couches upon his master's breast, 
And licks his cheeks to break his rest. 

Who envies now the shepherd's lot, 
His healthy fare, his rural cot, 
His summer couch by greenwood tree, 
His rustic kirn's* loud revelry, 
His native hill notes tuned on high, 
To Marion of the blithesome eye ; 
His crook, his scrip, his oaten reed, 
And all Arcadia's golden creed ? 

Changes not so with us, my Skene . 
Of human life the varying scene ? 
Our youthful summer oft we see 
Dance by on wings of game and glee, 
While the dark storm reserves its rage, 
Against the winter of our age : 
As he, the ancient Chief of Troy, 
His manhood spent in peace and joy ; 
But Grecian fires, and loud alarms, 
Call'd ancient Priam forth to arms. 
Then happy those, since each must drain 
His share of pleasure, share of pain, — 
Then happy those, beloved of Heaven, 
To whom the mingled cup is given ; 
Whose lenient sorrows find relief, 
Whose joys are chasten'd by their grief. 
And such a lot, my Skene, was thine, 
When thou, of late, wert doom'd to twine, — 
Just when thy bridal hour was by, — 
The cypress with the myrtle tie. 
Just on thy bride her Sire had smiled, 
And bless'd the union of his child, 

* The Scottish Harvest Home. Note by the Author. 



INTRODUCTION TO CANTO FOURTH OF MARMION. 

When love must change its joyous cheer 

And wipe affection's filial tear. 

Nor did the actions next his end, 

Speak more the father than the friend : 

Scarce had lamented Forbes paid 

The tribute to his Minstrel's shade ; 

The tale of friendship scarce was told, 

Ere the narrator's heart was cold — * 

Far may we search before we find 

A heart so manly and so kind ! 

But not around his honour'd urn, 

Shall friends alone and kindred mourn 

The thousand eyes his care had dried, 

Pour at his name a bitter tide; 

And frequent falls the grateful dew, 

For benefits the world ne'er knew. 

If mortal charity dare claim 

The Almighty's attributed name, 

Inscribe above his mouldering clay, 
" The widow's shield, the orphan's stay." 

Nor, though it wake thy sorrow, deem 

My verse intrudes on this sad theme ; 

For sacred was the pen that wrote, 
" Thy father's friend forget thou not:" 

And grateful title may I plead, 

For many a kindly word and deed, 

To bring my tribute to his grave : — 

Tis little— but 'tis all I have. 



To thee, perchance, this rambling strain 
Recalls our summer walks again; 
When, doing nought, — and, to speak true, 
Not anxious to find aught to do, — 

* These lines allude to Sir William Forbes of Pitsligo, having died shortly after his 
daughter's marriage to Mr. Skene, and after he had completed his life of Dr. Reattie, author of 
"The Minstrel." 



24S APPENDIX NO. X. 

The wild unbounded hills we ranged 
While oft our talk its topic changed 
And, desultory as our way, 
Ranged, unconfined, from grave to gay. 
Even when it flagg'd, as oft will chance 
No effort made to break its trance, 
We could right pleasantly pursue 
Our sports in social silence too; 
Thou gravely labouring to pourtray 
The blighted oak's fantastic spray; 
I spelling o'er, with much delight, 
The legend of that antique knight, 
Tirante by name, yclep'd the White. 
At either's feet a trusty squire, 
Pandour and Camp,* with eyes of fire, 
Jealous, each other's motions view'd, 
And scarce suppress'd their ancient feud. 
The laverock whistled from the cloud ; 
The stream was lively, but not loud ; 
From the white thorn the May-flower shed 
Its dewy fragrance round our head: 
Not Ariel lived more merrily 
Under the blossom'd bough than we. 

And blithesome nights, too, have been ours, 
When Winter stript the summer's bowers. 
Careless we heard, what now I hear, 
The wild blast sighing deep and drear, 
When fires were bright, and lamps beam'd gay, 
And ladies tuned the lovely lay. 
And he was held a laggard soul, 
Who shunn'd to quaff the sparkling bowl. 
Then he whose absence we deplore, 
Who breathes the gales of Devon's shore, 
The longer miss'd bewail'd the more ; 

* Pandour was a fine wolf hound Mr. Skene had brought from the Continent, 
is one of the dogs in Raeburn's portrait of Sir Walter Scott. 



INTRODUCTION TO CANTO FOURTH OF MARMION. 

And thou, and I, and dear-loved Rae,* 

And one whose name I may not say, — -f- 

For not Mimosa's tender tree 

Shrinks sooner from the touch than he, — 

In merry chorus well combined, 

With laughter drown'd the whistling wind. 

Mirth was within ; and Care without 

Might gnaw her nails to hear our shout. 

Not but amid the buxom scene 

Some grave discourse might intervene — 

Of the good horse that bore him best, 

His shoulder, hoof, and arching crest : 

For, like mad Tom's,} our chiefest care, 

Was horse to ride, and weapon wear. 

Such nights we've had ; and, though the game 

Of manhood be more sober tame, 

And though the field-day, or the drill 

Seem less important now — yet still 

Such may we hope to share again. § 

The sprightly thought inspires my strain ! 

And mark, how like a horseman true, 

Lord Marmion's march I thus renew. 

* Sir William Rae of St. Catharines, Bart. 

+ 1 believe, Colin Mackenzie of Portmore. 

X See King Lear. Author's Note. 

§ Both Sir Walter Scott and Mr. Skene belonged to the troop of Yeomanry Cavalry. 








Arms of John Skene of Halyards in Fife, from a Stone at Halyards Castle. 



INDEX. 



Aberdeen, Freedom Land of, 5, 6. 

— William, Bishop of, 95. 
Achum, Eliza, 87. 

Adie, .Edie. 

— , or Skene, 124. 

— Catharine, or Skene, 134, 135. 

— David, of Newark, 39, 125, 131, 

132. «33- '34- 

— David, merchant burgess, 124. 

— George, in Dantzick, 131. 

— George, son of David of Newark, 

4°. 132- 

— Giles or Skene, 4, 39, 40, 41, 48, 

13'. 132, 
Adloche, 22. 
Agria, 169. 

Allan, , or Skene, 44. 

Alexander I., 8, 9. 

— III., II, 12. 

— Sir Williame, of Menstrie, 197, 199, 

204, 212, 213, 216, 224. 
Allemaigne, Uniuersitez d', 157. 
Alshenor, Bessie, or Skene, 31, 32. 101. 

— Patrick, 32. 

— Robert, 31, 32, 101, 239. 

— William, 32, 101. 
Anandie, dominus vallis, 14. 
Anderson, Andersone. 

— , of Linkwood, 74. 

— Arthur, of Deebank, 73. 

— David, Provost of Kintoir, 30. 

— Gulihelmus, notarius publicus, 239. 

— Isobel, or Skene, 99. 

— John, of Standingstones, 30. 

— John, farmer, Slains, 129. 

— Professor John, 134. 

— Katharine, or Skene, 129. 

— Mary Ann, or Skene, 74. 

— Principal, 95. 
Andreapolis, 171. 
Angelscroft, in Futlie, 31, 



Angus, 9th Earl of, 29. 
Annand of Ochterellon, 100. 

— Bessie, or Skene, 100. 

— Gilbert, 100. 
Annandalia, 170. 

Anstruther, Sir James, of Airdrie, 54. 

— General Philip, of Airdrie, 54, 62. 
Arbuthnot, David, in Lamfute, 232. 

— James, of Lentusche, 22S-230. 

— James, in Portertoun, 231, 232. 

— Johnn, in Egie, 231, 232. 
Archesone, Arch., 224. 
Arnot, Sirjhon, 189. 
Arskyne, Lord, 224. 
Arthour, William, 93. 
Aslowne, 37. 

Atterbury, Bishop, 58. 
Auchinlech, Nether and Over, 5. 
Auchmor, 24, 37. 
Auchorie, 23, 24, 37, 49. 
Auchtererne, 151, 132. 

— John, 151. 

— Margery, or Skene, 151, 152. 
Auchtertule, 50, 51. 

Auldjo, George, of Portlethen, 129. 

— Margaret, or Skene, 129. 
Axelia Flandriae, 166. 

Bacon, Antoine, 157. 

Badinapettis, 37. 

Baird, Elizabeth, or Skene, 38, 42, 43. 

— Marjorie, or Lyoun, 232. 
Balendinius, Jacobus, 177, 178. 
Balfour, John Hay, of Leys and Randc 

ston, 61. 
Balnadodill, 23, 24. 
Iialnamoon, 42. 
Banchrie, 54. 
Bane, Donald, 8, 13. 
Bancrman, James, 237-9. 

— Johne, in Boigfairlie, 237. 



Barclay, Bercley, Berkley. 

— , minister of Keig, 39. 

— Adam, minister of Nigg, 35. 

— Dauid (miles), 14. 

— David, of Mernys, 18. 

— James, 39. 

— Walter, in Courtestoun (father), 231. 

— Walter, in Courtestoun (son), 231. 
Barroun, Christian, or Guthrie, 97. 
Beane, Johnne, in Eister Ardow, 232. 
Beattie, Dr. (of The Minstrel), 247. 
Belches, Sir Alexander, of Tofts, 118. 
Belhelvie, 123. 

Bernardus, abbate del Aberbrothoc, chan- 
cellor, 14. 

Berrytullich haugh, 42. 

Bervie, 5. 

Beset, Thomas, 19. 

Betoune, Alexander, Erchdeine of Law- 
theane, 96. 

Binning, Lord, 192. 

Black, Alexander, 31. 

— Elizabeth, or Skene, 24, 26. 

— John, m. Agnes Skene, 26, 27. 

— John, singar, 107. 

— William, 83. 
Blackdog, Farm of, 123, 128. 
Blackburn, Alexander, 7S. 
Blackhall, 90. 

Blackmill, 151. 
Blairtoun, 123. 
Blantyre, Walter, Lord, 108. 

— William, 2nd Lord, 106, 112. 
Blumendorf, Louisa von, or Skene, 67. 
Bohemia, 159. 

Booth, George Edward, 59. 

— Rev. R., 59. 

Bowbrig, " The briggis callit," 102. 
Brandes, Gerhardus, 167, 169. 
Brewster, Sir David, 139, 140. 
Bridgend, Over and Nether, 65. 
Broadiach, 5. 
Brochholls, 103. 
Brocklaw, 42. 
Broomhill, 5. 
Brown, Hugh, 120. 
Browne, Elspett, or Skene, 129. 
Bruce, Sir Alex., 4th Earl of Kincardine, 
114. 

— Brig.-Gen., of Rennet, 119. 
-- Edith Agnes Kathleen, 142. 

— Ellen Mary, 142. 

— Francis Rosslyn Courteney, 142. 

— Grace Guendolen, 142. 

— Helen Jane Theodora, 142. 

— Irene Mary, 142. 

— Sir James, of Downhill, Bart., 142. 

— Lloyd Hervey, 142. 



Bruce, Rev. Lloyd Stewart, Canon of York, 
142. 

— King Robert, 5, 8, 12, 14, 34. 

— Sir Robert, of Broomhall, 114. 

— Robert Douglas, 142. 

— Rosamond Hilda, 142. 

— Thomas, in Parkhill, 51. 

— Wilfrid Montagu, 142. 

— William, Notary Public, 71. 

— Zoe Mary, or Spencer, 142. 
Buchan, Andrew, of Auchmacoy, 19. 

— Marjory, or Skene, 84. 

— William, of Auchmacoy, 84. 
Budowiez, Vuenceslaus, 160, 163, 164. 
Buk, Thomas, 27, 228, 230. 

Burd, Christian, or Skene, 80. 

— Captain Edward, of Eoord, 80. 
Burnet, Burnett. 

— , or Skene, 90. 

— Alexander, heir of Sir Thomas, of 

Leyes, 37. 

— Alexander, of Shedockslie, S3. 

— Alexander, of Sluie, 71. 

— Sir Alexander, of Leys (1582), 102. 

— Sir Alexander, IV. of Leyes, 38, 43. 

— Janet, m. Alexander Skene, 34. 

— Janet, m. James Skene, 102. 

— Jean, or Skene, 12, 37, 38. 

— John, m. Margaret Skene, 69, 70. 

— John, minister at Cluny, 72. 

— John, of Leyis, 19. 

— Robert, of Crimond, 37. 

— Sir Thomas, of Leyes, 34, 37. 
Byset, W., 11. 

Cadell, , of Asloun, 49. 

— Bessie, or Calder, 49. 
Csesarea, Mtus., 159. 

Calder, , of Aswanlie (father), 35. 

— , of Aswanlie (son), 36. 

Calderwood, , of I'ittedie, 57. 

Caletus, 166. 

Calvinistae, 177, 178. 
Campbell, Miss, of Lochnell, 74. 

— Dugald John, of Skerrington, 63. 

— Jessie, or Skene, 63. 
Caraldstone, 38, 42, 46. 

Carnegie, Alexander, Town Clerk, 137. 

— John, of Boysach, 54. 
Carnegy, Lord, 193, 195. 
Carron, Alexander, 9. 
Castle Eraser, 16. 

Caw, William, 87. 

Chalmers, George, F.R.S.S.A., 4. 

— Margaret, or Skene, 125. 

— Robert, of Dantzig, 125. 
Champlain, Lake, 59. 
Chancellor, Alex., of Shieldhill, 144. 



253 



Chancellor, George, W.S., 144. 
Chapman, Alexander, of Blairdati, 2379. 
Charles I., 51, 224. 
Charteris, Colonel, of Amisfield, 120. 

— Janet, Countess of Wemyss, 120. 
Chastillon, Francis William Guichenon de, 

66. 

— Henrica Adela Guichenon de, or 

Skene, 66. 
Cheape, James, of Strathtyrum, 61. 
Chene, Ranald, of Crechie, 19. 
Cheyne, Robert, 35. 

— William, minister of Dyce, 30, 35. 
Christisone, John, 25. 

Clark, Clarke, Clerk. 

— Alexander, 126. 

— George, at the Mylne of Haltoun, 

232, 237. 

— George, in Overhill, 234-7. 

— Johnne, in the Pottartoun, 228, 232. 

— Robert, in the Maynesof Ardow, 232. 

— William, in Haltoun, 126. 
Clintrayes (Easter and Wester), 53, 
Clubsgovill, Lands of, 88. 
Cluny, 5. 

Cockburn, Margaret, or Skene, 94. 

Cold, Andro, in Haltoun, 232. 

Colpnay, 123. 

Cope, Sir John, 42. 

Cordiner, Elizabeth, or Skene, 32. 

— William, Notary Tublic, 32. 
Corntoun, 16. 

Cottoun, 32. 

Coultis, Master William of, Vicar of Tar- 
lane, 19. 
Coupar, Cowpar. 

— Sir John, of Gogar, 3, 5, 6, S. 

— John, of Gogar, 118. 

— Robert, 3, 5. 
Courtestoun, 231. 

Coutts, , of Auchtertoull, 64. 

— Jean, or Skene, 64, 68. 

— William, in Caminter 64. 
Cragydarg, Lands of, 5, 26. 
Craigies, Farm of, 123. 
Craigivs, Thomas, 182. 
Craigtoune of Auchtertule, 53. 
Craigytocher, 65. 

Crambie, Andro, 230-1. 

— Jeane, 231. 

— Marjorie, 231. 

— Thomas, 230, 231. 
Crawford, Alexander, Earl of, 24. 

— David, Earl of, 33, 50. 

— Tohn, Earl of, 23. 

— John, of Tarbathill, 130. 
Creichtoun, William, of Ryhill, 1S8. 
Croatia, 159. 



Cromwell, Oliver, 35. 
Crusius, D. Adamus, 175. 
Culbleun, 7. 
Cullen, Alexander, 32, 95, 103. 

— Andrew, 32. 
Cullinges in Futtie, 31. 
Culloden, 58. 
Culquhorsie, 69. 

Cumbcrlege, Beatrice Marjory Herschel, 
or Skene, 74. 

— Colonel, 74. 
Cumeris, le, 23, 24. 
Cuming, Cumming. 

— , or Gordon, 87. 

— Alexander, of Culter, 102. 

— Sir Alexander, of Coulder, 35. 

— Sir Alexander, of Cults, 36. 

— Barbara, or Gordon, S7. 

— General John Gordon, of Pitlurg, 

87, 89. 

— Robert, of Birness, 87. 
Cunningham, James, 230. 
Currie, Elizabeth, or Skene, 121. 
Curriehill, no. 

— Lord, see Skene, Sir John. 
Cushney, Jeane, or Skene, 32. 

Daeman, Helena Maria, or Skene, 66. 

Dagleisius, Nicol., 171. 

Dalhousie Family, 3. 

Dalrymple, Lord, 56. 

David 11., 14. 

Davidson, William, 123. 

Deane, John, 70. 

Dee, " The king's fermes north of," 16. 

Denmark, King of, 7. 

Dettingen, 58. 

Donald, Lord of the Isles, 7, 15. 

Donaldson, Catharine, or Skene, 147. 

— Isobell, or Skene, 149. 

— Janet, or Skene, 27. 

— John, 27. 

— John, merchant burges, 149. 
Dorrsoilt, 37. 

Douglas, Alexander of, 20. 

— Sir Archibald, of Cavers, 1 14. 

— Sir Archibald, of Glenbervie, 29. 

— Barbara, or Skene, 65. 

— Jacobus dominus, 14. 

— Jean, of Strathhenry, 61, 62. 

— Johanna, or Skene, 29, 31, 49. 

— Regiment, Sir William, 120. 
Drake, Rev. Dr., Tyrrwhitt, 60. 
Drumblate, n. 

Drumgovane, 231. 

Drumino, 153. 

Drummond, Anna, or Skene, 53. 

— David, in Campvere, 30, 148. 



-'54 



Drummond, George, ofCarlowne, 120, 121. 

— James, Cultmalundie, 54. 

— fanet, or Skene, 120, 225-7. 

— John, 57. 
Drumnalunda, Lands of, 37. 

Duff, lion. Alexander, 3rd Earl of Fife, 45. 

— General the Hon. .Sir Alexander, 

45. 47- 

— Alexander, of Hatton, 135. 

— Catharine, 45. 

-— George, R.N., 135. 

— George Skene, 45. 

— James, 135. 

— Louisa Tollemache, 45. 
Dulcis, Catharinus, 157, 164. 
Dulpoty, 17. 

Pumbreck, 69. 

Dunbar, David, Bailyie of Forres, 30. 
Dundas, Sir James, of Arniston, 114. 
Dundonald, Eupheme, Countess of, 6, 8, 
112. 

— 1st Earl of, 6, 112. 
Dunkeld, Alexander, Bishop of, 51. 

— William Lindsay, Bishop of, 53. 

— Bishops of, 50. 
Durie, George, 83. 

— Helen, or Skene, 83. 
Durward, Alan, 10, 11, 13. 

— Thomas, 13. 
Dyce, 1, II. 

Easter Carney, 5. 

Easter Kinmundie, 5. 

Easter Skene, 5, 6, 9, 17, 18. 

Eberbach, Henricus ab, 164. 

Echt, 5. 

Edgar, King, 8. 

Edinburgh, 5, 9, 10, 224. 

Edmand, Walter, in Haltoun, 232. 

Edward I., 9. 

Ehlerus, Joachimus, 167. 

— Joannes, 164, 165, 167, 168. 
Ellibank, Patrick, 1st Lord, 118. 
Elphinstone, Master of, 98, 193-5. 
Elzenor, John, IOI. 

Erskine, Sir Charles, of Alva, 114. 

— Hon. Edward Morris, 141. 

— Maud Mary, or Skene, 141. 
Esson, George Auldjo, 129. 
Estcrtown, 17. 

Ettles' Inn, 13S. 

Fairlie, William, of Bruntsfield, 11S. 
Farquhar, Alexander, 148. 

— Margaret, in. John Skene, 87. 

— Margaret, m. Robert Skene, 14s, 

149. 

— Robert, 87. 



Farquharson, Charles, 39. 

— Donald, 39. 
Ferguson, , of Pitfour, 45. 

— David, IOI. 
Fiddie, 5. 

Fife, Alexander, 3rd Earl, 45. 

— James, 4 th Earl, 45, 48. 

— James, 5th Earl, 45, 48. 

— Alexander William George, 6th Earl 

of, 1. 

— Farm of, 123, 129. 
Filmer, Captain Edmund, 73. 

— Sir Edmund, 73. 

Finnic, Thomas, of Wellbrae, 134. 

Firmian, Janka, Countess, or Skene, 67. 

Flanders, 58, 166. 

Flandrensis, R., II. 

Folay, Johne, 236. 

Fontcnoy, 58. 

F'orbes of Rubislaw, 85, 132. 

— of Tolquhon, 77. 

— , burgess of Aberdeen, IOI. 

— , of Corsinday, 31, 104. 

— , in. Gilbert Skene, 104. 

— Agnes, or Skene, 23, 90. 

— Alexander, Master of, 36. 

— Alexander, of Auchintoull, 95. 

— Alexander, in Foveran, 125. 

— Sir Alexander, of Foveran, 38, 42, 

43. 44. 77- 

— Andrew, portioner of Kinellar, 71. 

— Arthur, Kaillie of Old Aberdeen, 32. 

— Arthur, Lord, 35, 36. 

— Arthur, of Echt, 71. 

— Barbara, Lady Skene, 51. 

— Barbara, in. Gilbert Skene of Dyce, 

84. 

— Barbara, ;//. Gilbert Skene in Tilli- 

birloch, 69, 70. 

— Barbara, m. Robert Skene, 105. 

— David, ioi. 

— ■ Duncan, of Corsinday, 23, 24, 25. 

— Duncan, of the Letter, 27, 29, 30. 

— Elizabeth, or Barclay, 231. 

— Elizabeth, 111. Alex, de Skene, XI. 

of that ilk, 25, 26, 27, 82. 

— Elizabeth, in. Alex. Skene, XIV. of 

that ilk, 35-36. 

— Elspett, or Skene, 75. 

— George, in. F:upheme Skene, 1 53. 

— George, of Alford, 41, 45. 

— Isobel, or .Edie, 124. 

— James, of Tilliboy, 27, 28. 

— James, 2nd Baron of, 23, 145. 

— Jane, or Skene, 139. 

— Janet, or Skene, 75. 

— Jean, d. of Mirabell Skene and 

Forbes, 101. 



255 



Forbes, Jean, or Skene, 64. 

— John, m. Violet Skene, 1 26. 

— John, merchant, 148. 

— John, minister of Delft, 30. 

— John, of Boquharm, 27. 

— John, of Byth, 103. 

— John, of Camphill, 2S, 30, 32, 49. 

— John, eld. of Echt, 69, 70. 

— John, yr. of Echt, 70. 

— John, of Leslie, 30. 

— John, of Tolquhon, 27. 

— Johnne, servitor to the parson of 

Kinkell, 27. 

— Lucia, 101. 

— Margaret, d. of Forbes of Corsin- 

day, 24. 

— Margaret, m. Alex. Skene, S8, 89. 

— Margaret, m. Andrew Skene, 30. 

— Margrett, m. Robert Skene, 126. 

— Margaret, '«. William Skene, 152, 

153- 

— Marjorie, m. Patrick Skene, 101. 

— Marjorie, m. Robert Skene, 76, 78, 

Si. 

— Mary, of Alford, 47. 

— Patrick, of Gask, 65. 

— Patrick, of Pittalochie, 152. 

— Petrus, 168. 

— Robert, burgess of Aberdeen, 237. 

— Robert, of Drumlassie, 64. 

— Robert, of Echt, 69, 70, 72. 

— Robert, portioner of Findrossie, 50. 

— Robert, of Rubislaw, 85. 

— Thomas, 85. 

— Walter, of Tolquhone, 32. 

— William, of Cothellmill, 85. 

— William, of Cotton, 84, 105. 

— Sir William, of Craigievar, 51. 

— William, Advocatein Edinburgh, 32. 

— William, of the Manor Place, 

Monymusk, 28. 

— Sir William, of Pitsligo, 139, 247. 

— William, of Pittalochie, 32. 

— William, m. Katharine Skene, 71. 

— William, professor of law, 84. 

— William, s, of John of Tolquhone, 

27- 

— William, Master of, 35, 36, 37. 
Fordyce, Miss, of Ayton, 44. 
Foremen, William, 98. 

Forest, Patrick, 101. 

Foresterseat, Lord, 106, 112. 

Forsyth, Gilbertt, at the Mylne of Ar- 

docht, 232. 
Fotheringham, Dr., 41. 
Fox, Charles James, 45. 
Fraser of Corntoun, 16. 

— of Muchal, or Castle Fraser, 16. 



Fraser, , or Skene, 16, 17, 21. 

— Alexander, miles, 14. 

— Alexander, of Corskil, 71. 

— Andrew, Master of, 36. 

— Andreas, de Staneywood, 90. 

— James, of Balbrydie, 32. 

— Thomas, of Corntoun, 16. 
Fiewen Hall, Oxford, 140. 
Fullerton, Helen, or Skene, 7S. 
Friermilne, Lands of, 55. 
Futtie, Sir John, 107. 

Gablenz, Baron Kurt, 67. 

Gairne, Thomas, in Blairtoun, 231. 

Galloway, Alexander, parson of Kinkell, 

11. 
Garioch, Tohn, 34, 35. 

— William, of Tilliebethie, 35. 
Garlogie, 5, 151. 

Gedanus, 165, 167. 

George, Alexander, 234, 236, 237. 

Gilbertus de Strivelyng, II. 

Gilderoy, Mary, or Skene, 129. 

Gillespie, John, minister of Kirkaldie, 77. 

— Lilias, or Skene, 77, 7S. 
Gladsmuir, Battle of, 42. 
Glammes, Family of, 123. 
Glammis, Patrick, Lord, 231-4. 
Glasgow, Archbishop of, 186-192. 
Glenshiel, 5S. 

Goodwyn, Rev. F. W., 142. 
Gordon, Gordoun, Gordoune. 

— , of Gordon's Mills, 84. 

— Alexander, of Lesmoir, 153. 

— Alexander, Provost of Aberdeen, 

133- 

— Charles, of Abergeldie, 73. 

— Francis, of Craig, 72. 

— General, of Fyvie, 45. 

— George, in Cragie, 231, 232. 

— George, burgess of Aberdeen, 228, 

230. 

— George, s. of Provost Alex., 133. 

— James, of Banchory, 87. 

— James, of Craig, 87. 

— Dr. James, of Straloch, 87. 

— Sir John, of Pitlurge, 232. 

— Jeane, m. George Gordoun, 231. 

— L., 193- 

— Margaret, or Skene, 73. 

— Mary, or Skene, 72. 

— W., of Abergeldie, 76, 78. 

— William, s. of George, 231. 
Gorgie, no. 

Govan, Dr. John, 61. 

Grammar School, Aberdeen, 107. 

Gray, Alexander, 107. 

— Andrew, 69, 70. 



2$6 If 

Graystone, 5. 
Greenough, Mr., 139, 
Greenmyre Commonly, 53. 
Gregorius de maleuile, II. 
Grierson, John Foster, 142. 
Guestrow, Aberdeen, 132. 
Guthrie, James, of F.ister Balnabriech 
(father), 97. 



- Ja 



1), 97- 



Hadintoun, Earl of, 224. 

Hafnia, 158, 16S, 170. 

Haig, Obadiah, 78. 

Haliburton.Jean, or Sommerville, III, 112. 

Hall Forest, 12. 

Halyards in Fife, Castle of, 51. 

— Lake of, 51. 

— Skenes of, I, 4963. 
Halyards in Kirkliston, 10. 
Halyards in Lothian, I, 117. 
Halyburtoun, Andro, 231. 
Hamburg, 173. 
Hamilton, Australia, 1 29. 

— Jean, or Skene, 126. 

— Patrick, of Greine, 99. 

— Sir Thomas, II I. 
Ilarlaw, Battle of, 15, 17, 18. 
Hattown, 5. 

Hauseur, Jeanne Catherine, or Skene, 67. 
Hay, , Lady Johnston, 112. 

— A., 195. 

— Alexander, Clerk Register, 106. 

— Alexander, in Foveran, 126. 

— Sir Alexander, Lord Foresterseat, 

106, 112. 

— George, 195. 

— Jean, or Skene, 79. 

— William, parson of Turriff, 98. 
Hedelberg, 175, 179. 
Ileidenstam, liaron Charles de, 141. 
Helmstadt, 173, 175. 

Hendrie, Gilbert, 98, 234-9. 
Henrie, Alexander, 236. 
Henrisoun, Thomas, 231. 
Hepburn, , of Brunston, 119. 

— Beatrix, or Skene, 1 19. 
Heyden, Katharina, or Skene, 58, 59. 

— Samuel, of Arklow, 58. 
Hill, Lands of, no. 
Hoffman, Geheimerath, 66. 

— Johanna Jacoba Theodora, or Skene, 

66. 
Hog Family, 3. 

— James, of Blairiedryne, 105. 
Home, Major, of Carlensyde, 118. 

— Sir Patrick, of Polwart, no. 
Hope, Sir Thomas, of Craighall, 33. 
Hophill, 123. 



Hossack, Angus, 141. 

— Jane Elizabeth Huddleston. or 

Skene, 141. 
Hostiarius, Alan, set Durward, Alan. 

— Colmerus, 11. 

Howard, Hon. Major-General Charles, 62. 

Howiesoun, Mertine, 230, 231. 

Hulsta, 166. 

Hungaria, 159. 

Hunter, Thomas, 97. 

Hurrie, , of Pitfichie, 101. 

— Marjorie, or Skene, 101. 
Hurry, Willelmus, de Pitfechie, 90. 

Inglis, Sir Archibald, of Ingliston, 1 14. 
Innes, Alexander, in Garnwatter, 100. 

— Alexander, of Pethenick, 34. 

— James, of Tilleburies, 83. 

— Patrick, of Tibbertie, 103. 
Inverie House, Banchory, 46. 
Irvine, Irving, Irvving. 

— , or Skene, 105. 

— Sir Alexander, of that ilk (1507), 

23, 24, 25- 

— Alexander, advocate, 70. 

— Captain, of Mondurch, 31. 

— Christian, or Skene, 31. 

— John, in Quhytrigis, 50. 

— Johne, in Funerssy, 236. 

— Robert, " procurator of Band," 26. 

— Robert, of Cults, 105. 

— Robert, of Mincoffer, 30. 

Jaffray, Jafray. 

— Andrew, III. of Kingswells, 78, 79. 

— Gilbert, in Eister Ardow, 232. 

— Gilbert, in Kingswells, 150. 

— Janet, or Skene, 133. 

— John, of Delspro, 133. 
Jak, Wilelmus, 82. 

James I., 16. 

— Duke of York, 132. 

— vi., 186-192, 228. 

— David, solicitor, London, 59. 

— Henrietta, or Skene, 59. 
Jardine and Wilson, 144. 

— Sir Henry, 137, 144. 
Jenkins, John, 130. 
Jobson, William, 71. 
Johannes de vallibus, II. 

Johnston, Johnstone, Johnstoun, Jonstonus. 

— , of Crimond, 31. 

— Ann, or Skene, 85. 

— Sir Archibald, 112. 

— Archibald, advocate, 1 15. 

— Archibald, 1S9. 

— Christiane, or Skene, 31. 

— Elizabeth, Lady Strathallan, 112. 



257 



Johnston, Sir George, of Caskieben, 29. 

— George, of Cairnie, 83. 

— Janet, or Skene, 113, 114. 

— fohan., 171. 

— Lady John, of Hilton, 189. 

— Sir John, of Hilton and Sheen, 113. 

— Margaret, or Skene, 29, 30. 

— Patrik, of Haltoun, 231, 232. 

— Samuel, 115. 

— Sir Samuel, of Slains, 115. 

— Sir Samuell, of Elphinstoun, 198. 

— Thomas, 232. 

— Dr. William, of Caskieben, 85. 
Jones, Richard, in Turriff, 64. 

Kay, Johnne, in Mureburne, 232. 

— Williame, in Mureburne, 232. 
Kebety, Lands of, 104. 

Keir, 22S. 
Keith, Keth. 

— Agnes, or Skene, 71. 

— Egidia de, Lady Forbes, 23. 

— Gilbert, of Affrosk, 71. 

— Janet, or de Skene, 15. 

— Janet de, 20, 21, 22. 

— John, 71. 

— Lady Margaret de, iS, 19. 

— Robert de, 20. 

— Lord William de, 17, iS. 
Kempt, Johne, 239. 

Kennocht, , of Craigmyle, 19. 

Ker, Kerr. 

— Sir Andro, 193. 

— George, in Benvellis, 228. 

— James, of Mersingstone, 1 19. 

— Mary, or Skene, 119, 120. 

— Thomas, 228, 230. 

Kilgour, Andro, in Auld Aberdeen, 230. 

Kilinacoe, 60. 

Kilsayth, Lord, 195. 

Kinarde, Mariot of, or Skene, 17. 

Kincaid, Robert, of Over Gogar Mains, 121. 

Kincardine, 4th Earl of, 1 14. 

Kinellar, 5, 11. 

King, Alexander, 232, 234. 

— Andro, 230. 

— James, 239. 
Kinkell, 5, 11, 12, 72. 
Kinnaird, Thomas, of that ilk, 21. 

Kintor, Gilbert, 107. 
Kintore, 5, 11, 12, iS. 

— 1st Earl of, 12. 

Kirke, Thomas, "a Yorkshire squire," 92. 
Kirkton, Margaret, or Skene, 150. 
Kirktown of Belhelvie, 123. 
Kirkton of Skene, 5, 9, 19, 20. 
Knights of St. John of Jerusalem, 10. 



Knollis, David, 236. 
Knows, Andrew, of Pittside, 83. 
Kynnarde, Alan of, 17, 21, 22. 
Kyntor, Castrum de, 1 1. 
Landgravius, Wilhelmus, 17S. 
Landmeter, Sarah Catharine, or Skene, 66. 
Langseitt, 228. 
Lapati, Eustache, 141. 

— Zoe, 141. 
Lauderdaill, Lord, 193-5. 
Lauder's Regiment, 121. 
Lawider, Robertus de, 14. 
Lawson, Agnes, or Skene, 96. 

— James, of Hieriggis, 94. 

— John, of Boghall, 94. 
Lawton, William John Percy, 142. 
Layng, Johne, 237. 

— William, in Drumgovane, 231. 
Learmonth, , of Balcomie, 112. 

— Anne, or Skene, 98. 

— Robert, advocate, 98, 106, 112. 
Leask, Alexander, Rector in Turriff, 64. 

— Sara, or Skene, 125. 

— William, of Leask, 125. 
Leith, Leyth. 

— John, of Likliehead, 32. 

— Joanes, advocate, 239. 

— Patrik, in the Bra, 232. 

— Patrick, of Likliehead, 32, 82. 

— Robert, in Likliehead, 32. 

— William, 239. 
Lely, Sir Peter, 54. 
Lesly, Leslie. 

— Duncan, 27. 

— Elizabeth, or Skene, 27. 

— General, Earl of Leven, 51. 

— Jean, or Skene, 72. 

— Margaret, or Wylie, 94. 

— Patrick, of Kincraigie, 72. 

— Patrick, burgess of Aberdeen, 239. 

— William, in Ley of Tulliebardie, 51. 

— William, of Balquhane, 94. 
Lethentie, 88, 89. 

Letter, 5, 24. 
Leuchlerus, Doctor, 178. 
Leven, 1st Earl of, 51. 
Liddach, 5, 19, 20, 22, 34. 
Liddelius, Doctor, 173, 174, 175, 176. 
Liddell, Sarina Charlotte, or Skene, 63. 

— The Very Rev. Dean, 63. 
Lindesay, Lindsay, Lyndesay. 

— Dominus de, 23. 

— Sir David, 97. 

— fames, of Dowhill, 53. 

— William, Bishop of Dunkeld, 53. 
Lindsay's Regiment, 120. 

Liston, Lordship of, 117, 120. 
Little Watterston, 42. 



! 5 S 



Livingstone, William, 39. 
Livingstoun, Sir Thomas, 120 
Lochorishburne, Loch of, 53. 
Loft, Rev. J. E. W., 60. 
Logic, Vicarage of, 151. 
Lo'thean, Lord, 193, 195. 
Luff, Castle of, 9. 
Lumsden, Lummisden. 

— , of Cushney (arc. 1540), 90, 

9»- 

— , of Cushnie (circ. 1765), 150. 

— , "bairn at the sang skuill," 

107. 

— Elizabeth, or Cullen, 32. 

— Janet, 111. " Black " James Skene, 

147. 

— Janet, m. James Skene in Bandodle, 

90, 91, 92. 

— Margaret, or Skene, 150. 

— Thomas, rector of Kinkell, II, 95. 

— William, of Leach, 64. 
Lynch, , of Jamaica, 44. 

Lyoun, Andro, eld., in Lister Ardow, 232. 

— Andro, yr., in the Maynes of Ardow, 

232. 

— Dauid, 232. 

— James, in Smyddie Croft, 232. 

— Patrik, burges of Dundie, 232, 233. 

— Sir Thomas, of Auldbar, 233, 234. 

McDonald Family, 6. 
Macdonald, Rev. Mr., 47. 

— Thomas, W.S., 45. 

McC.iil, David, of Cranston Riddell, 28, 
109. 

— David, of Rankeillor, 53. 

— Margaret, or Skene, 53, 56. 
Mackenzie, Colin, of Portmore, 249. 

— George, of Kintowdie, 35. 

— Sir George, 7. 
MacLeod, Reverend Walter, 2. 
MacWilliam, Donald Bane, 13. 
Maitland, Richard, of Pitrichie, 37. 
Malcolm Canmore, 7, S, 9, 13. 

— 11,8. 

— Michael, of Balbeadie, 52. 
Mamwir, Patrik, 123. 

Maneris, Thomas, messinger Sheref, 228, 

230. 
Mannie, dominus, 14. 
Many, 123. 
Mar, Earldom of, 13. 

— John, 7th Earl of, 1 14. 

— Thomas, Earl of, camerarius Scocie, 

15- 
Marischal, William, 1st Earl, II, 12, 20, 
23. 33. 34. 

— William, 2nd Earl, 20. 



Marischal, Countess, 71. 
Marjoribanks, Edward, 121. 
Marlborough, Duke of, 38. 
Marmion, 243-9. 
Martin, Margaret, or Skene, 93, 
Maude, Charles, 59. 

— Warren, 59. 
Maxuell, Lord, 193. 
Medhop, Lord, 193. 

Meinzies, Katherene, in Horscruik, 232. 

Mekill, Wardes, 96. 

Meldrum, George, of Fyvie, 10S. 

Melfort, Duke of, 57. 

Melros, Lord, 193-5. 

Melrose, John, 96. 

Melville, Sir James, 108. 

Mercer, , Baron of Adie and Meik 

lure, 14. 

— Cristina, or Skene, 22. 

— Elizabeth, or Skene, 70, 71. 

— Elspett, or Skene, S2, 83. 

— Lawrence, 82, 83. 

— Marion, or Skene, 14. 
Merscone, Thomas, 100. 
Mersington, Lord, 119. 
Middelburgus, 166. 
Middleton, S., 87. 
Milboy, 5, 19, 20. 

Mill, , or Skene, 129. 

— of Dulpoty, 17. 

— of Keir, 5. 

Milne of Auchtertule, 53. 
Milnehills, 54. 

Milnetoune of Auchtertule, 53. 
Moir, Gilbert, 87. 

— Tames, IV. of Stoneywood, 135. 

— Jane, or Skene, 135, 137. 

— John, of Ruthrieston, 148. 

— William, " Doctor of Physick," 84. 
Mollyson, Marjorie, or Skene, 71. 

— Thomas, 71. 
MoncriefT, Ann, or Govan, 61. 

— Catharine, or Balfour, 61. 

— Christian, 61. 

— Douglas, 61. 

— Captain George, 61, 63. 

— Colonel George, of Reddie, 61. 

— Helen, or Cheape, 61. 

— Jane, 61. 

— Patrick, 61, 63. 

— Patrick George, see Skene, P. G. 
Monro, Dr. Alex., of Craiglockhart, 143. 

— Georgiana, or Skene, 143, 144. 
Montrose, James, Marquis of, 36. 
Moravia, Egidia de, domina de Culbin, 17. 
Mores, Sir David, 52. 

Moresin, Morison, Morrison. 

— Anna Marianna, or Farquhar, S7. 



Mnrison, Pocteur, 157. 

— Elizabeth, 87. 

— Elizabeth, or Skene, 61, 63. 
Mortlich, 7. 

Mowat, Mowatt. 

— , of Ealquhollie, 98. 

— Barbara, or Oswald, 99. 

— Walter. 99. 

Mowtray, Elizabeth, or Skene, 98, 99. 

Muchal, or Castle Fraser, 16. 

Munroe, Rev. Dr., 44. 

Murray, Catharine, Lady Somerville, 10S. 

— Charles, Earl of, 57, 5S. 

— Colonel, 42. 

— Lord Edward, 54. 

— Giles, of Cowbin, 21. 

— Jhon, 186, 1S7. 

— John, of Falahill, 10S. 

— John, s. of Lord Edward, 54. 

— Sir William, of Hermiston, 118. 
Murtoun, 22S. 

Musancherius, 164. 

Mylne, Andro, in Haltoun, 232. 

Mylneden, 123. 

Mylne Lands, 152. 

— of Durno, 70. 

— of Auchinacher, 231. 

— of Potterton, 123, 125. 

Naper, Archibald, Lord, of Merchistoun, 

197, 224. 
Nethrogall, in Monimail, 87. 
Neuhauss, Baron de, 157. 
New Elphinstoun, 198. 
New Grange, 53. 
New Scotland, 197-224. 
Newton, 5. 

Newtoune of Auchtertule, 53. 
Newtyle, I, 75-81. 
Nicolson, Jacobus, 171. 

— Johnne, 27, 232, 234. 
Xiddrie's Wynd, Edinburgh, 96. 
Norham, in Coul, 90. 
Norroway, 171. 

Norvele, William, iS. 

Ogilvy, Ogilvie. 

— Isabell, or Leask, 125. 

— Lord, 97. 
Oliphant, S. W., 195. 

— William, 232, 233. 
Orcanensis, Comes, 164, 165, 167. 
Ord, 5. 

Orrock, Elizabeth, or Skene, 51. 
Ostend, 166. 
Oswald, Andrew, 99. 
( Itlandis, 199. 
Overhill, 123. 



:x. 259 

Overtown of Dyce, Lands of, 30. 
Overtown, Old, 123. 

Paget, Rev. Canon, 142. 

— Mabel Sophia, or Thomson, 142. 
Parkhill, 88. 

Passage, Elizabeth, or Skene, 66. 
Paton, Sir S. Noel, 144. 
Perry, Elizabeth, or Skene, 128. 
Perth, Duke of, 57. 

— , Mercer, Provost of, 14. 

Petkarne, John, 17. 

Pettens, 123. 

Philippus Hispanorum, 176. 

Piguet, Major de, 59. 

Pilmure Commonty, 53. 

Pinkie, Battle of, 24, 25, 101, 102. 

Pitcairn, Helen, or Skene, 54, 55, 61, 62. 

— Henry, of Pitlour, 55, 

— Patrick, of Pitlour, 54, 55. 
Pitlour, Easter and Wester, 55. 
Pitmedden, 85. 

Pitmuxton, 148, 149. 
Pittintagart, 98. 
Polonia, 169. 

Praga, 159, 161, 162, 163. 
Prerau, in Moravia, 67. 
Preston, Battle of, 42, 58. 

— Henry Edward, 142. 

— Janet, or Skene, 31. 

— Dom. Johannes, 171. 

— John, Merchant Burgess of Aber- 

deen, 31. 

— T. H., of Moreby Hall, 142. 

Rae, Paul, 232. 

— Sir William, of St. Catherine's, 249. 
Rait, Raitt. 

— , of Halgreen, 105. 

— , or Skene, 105. 

— Emily, or Skene, 63. 

— James, of Anniston, 63. 
Ramelius, Henricus, 158, 16S, 170. 
Ramore, Skene of, 1, 90-105. 
Ramsay, Colonel, 2nd Foot, 137. 

— David, of Balmain, 50. 

— David, of Grangemuir, 52. 

— John, of Menies, 3. 

— Patrik, at the Mylne of Haltoun, 

232. 

— Tatrik, at the Nethir Mylne, 236. 
Ranaldsone, David, 236. 
Rannaloch, 103, no, 113. 
Kanulphus. Thomas, conies Moravie, 14. 
Redcliffe, Lord Stratford de, 141. 
Reid, Elizabeth, or Skene, 31. 

— Robert, minister of Banchorie- 

ternan, 31. 



26o 



Reid, William, 27. 
Reidhall, in Midlothian, 110. 
Rennecherus, Hermanus, 156, 179. 
Rhind, Elspeth, or Skene, 128. 

— Thomas, 12S. 

Richardson, Sir Robert, of Pencaitland, 

107, 112. 
Richeson, William, of Cranstoun, 97. 
Riddel], Principal, 97. 
Rigg, Alison, or Skene, 118. 

— William, of Athernie, 118. 
Rizo Rangabe, Alexandre, 142. 

— Khalou, or Skene, 141. 
Robertson, Helen, or Skene, 103. 

— Jane, or Skene, 129. 

— Xinian, 83. 

— Struan, of Athole, 6, 7. 

— W., and Sons, 129. 
Robineus, Lodouicus, 164. 
Rodgerhill, 5. 

Rolland, Marjory, or Skene, 124. 
Rollocvs, P., 181. 

Rosi . Mr., of Banff, genealogist. 137. 
Rosembergicus, Ad., ibi. 
Rosenbaum, Francisca de, or Skene, 
67. 

— Lieutenant-Colonel de, 67. 

! tain James, 30. 
Round Table in Aberdeen, 24. 
Row, William, I IS. 
Row's Regiment, 121. 
Roxburgh, Karl of, 224. 
Rubislaw, 131-145. 
Russell, Rvssellvs. 

— Gideon, in. 

— Joannes, 185. 

— John, 87. 

— Marion, or Skene, 87. 

— Mungo, in. 

— Mr., of Selkirk, 122. 

— Rev. William, 121. 
Ruthrieston, 147-50. 

St. Lucia, Battle of, 67. 

Saltoun, 188. 

Sancto Michaele, William de, 18. 

Sandie, Gilbert, in Mekle Mure, 232. 

Sandisvs, Patricivs, 182. 

Sang Skuill, Aberdeen, 31, 107. 

Sauoye, 157. 

Scharpe, Johnne, 232, 233. 

Schoeller, Auguste von, or Skene, 67. 

Scott, Helen, Lady Blantyre, 112. 

— Sir John, of Scotstarvet, 106, 224. 

— Sir Walter, 139, 140, 243-9. 



Scott, Sir William, of Ardross, 106, 112. 
Scrymgeour, David, 19. 
Seaforth, Renneth, Earl of, 35. 
Seaton, Claris, or Skene, 126, 131. 
Shepletoune, Lands of, 53. 
Simonides, Wilhel., 184. 
Simpson, Baillie, of Aberdeen, 43. 

— Sarah, or Skene, 43, 45. 
Sinclair, Lady, 100. 

— Lord, 100. 
Skelbo, 21. 

Skene, Sceyn, Schene, Skeen, Skeene, 
Skein, Sken, Skyen, Skeyn, 
Skeyne. 

— of Auchtererne, 17, 151-4.* 

— of Bandodle, I. 

— of Belhelvie, 123-130, 228-239. 

— of Blackdog, 126. 

— of Curriehill, 1,4, 23, 106-116, 136. 

— of Dumbreck, 1, 27, 69-74. 

— of Dyce, 1, 27, 82-9. 

— of Fintrie, I. 

— of Halyards in Fife, I, 4, 30, 48, 

49-60. 

— of Halyards in Lothian, I, 4, 23, 

117-122. 

— of Newtyle, I, 27, 75-81. 

— of Pitlour, 30, 54, 61-3. 

— of Prerau, in Austria, 64-8. 

— of Ramore, I, 3, 23, 90-105. 

— of Rubislaw, I, 4, 23, 131-45. 

— of Ruthrieston, 147-150. 

— of that ilk, I, 3, 4, 5-48. 

— of Tillibirloch, I. 

— of Westercorse and Ramore, 90-105. 

— , or Haig, 78. 

— , ;;;. Rev. George Skene, 31. 

— Adam de, m. of that ilk, 15, 33, 34- 

— Adam de, IV. of that ilk, 15, 33, 34. 

— Adam de, v. of that ilk, 15, 17, iS, 

19- 34- 

— Adolf, 67. 

— Agnes, or Black, 26, 27. 

— Agnes, or Burnett, 72. 

— Agnes, or Innes, 83. 

— Agnes, or Spens, 69. 

— Agnes, J. of John, in Turriff, 65. 
■ — Alex., of Auchtererne, 153-4. 

— Alex., in Australia, 129. 

— Alex., II. of Dumbreck, 69, 70-1. 

— Alex., 11. of Dyce, 82, 83. 

— Alex., of Dyce (1665-1704), 84, 85- 

— Alex'., of Dyce (1732-1743). 87, 88. 

— Alex., fanner in Fife, 129. 



lich members of the different brandies uf the I 



26l 



Skene, Alex., at Mylne of Commeris, 75. 

— Alex., of Newtyle, 1, 2, 3, 6, 8, 9, 

23, 24, 37, 76. 77-8, 79- 

— Alex., of Prestoun, 102. 

— Alex., VII. of that ilk, 17, 20, 21, 

22, 34- 

— Alex., ix. of that ilk, 22-23, 2S, 34, 

90, 145. 

— Alex, de, X. of that ilk, 23-24, 34, 

90. 

— Alex, de, XI. of that ilk, 24-8, 29, 

34, 69, 82. 

— Alex., XIII. of that ilk, II, 30, 31, 

33-35, 75, i°3- 

— Alex., xvi. of that ilk, 3, 4, 6, 8, 

37, 38, 39-42, 45, 48, 13', 132- 

— Alex., xx. of that ilk, 45, 47-8. 

— Alex., advocate, 82, 93-5. 

— Alex., "Barron of the Letter," 29, 

49- 

— Alex., Capt., H. E. I. Co., 74. 

— Alex., Capt., R. N., 44. 

— Alex., officer in the army, 129. 

— Alex., Provost of St. Salvador's, 52. 

— Alex., Secy, of Dutch Embassy at 

Cologne, 66. 

— Alex., Town Councillor, 17. 

— Alex., writer, s. of Sir John of 

Curriehill, 1 1 1-2, 191-2. 

— Alex., s. of Alex, of Dyce (1665- 

1704), 85. 

— Alex., s. of Alex, of Newtyle, 78. 

— Alex., s. of Alex., XI. of that ilk, 

27, 28. 

— Alex., s. of Alex., XVI. of that ilk, 

41, 44- 

— Alex., s. of Andrew, apothecary, 

149. 

— Alex., s. of David of Zamoski, 40, 

125, 131, 132. 

— Alex., s. of Gilbert, in Tillebirloch, 

50. 

— Alex., s. of "White James," 79. 

— Alex., s. of James of Blackdog, 128. 

— Alex., s. of John, I. of Halyards in 

Midlothian, 11S. 

— Alex., s. of John, in Turriff, 66. 

— Alex., s. of Patrick of Bandodle, 32. 

— Alex., s. of Robert of Rannaloch, 

i°3, 153- 

— Alex., s. of Robert of Tillibirloch, 

— Alex., s. of Thomas, in Potterton, 

125. 

— Alex., s. of William, master of the 

Song School, 31. 

— Alfred, of Alexavitz, 67. 

— Alfred, of Prerau, 67, 68. 



Skene, Alison, Lady Mersington, 119. 

— Alison, d. of Dr. George, 74. 

— Alison, d. of John, I. of Halyards 

in Midlothian, 11S. 

— Andrew, in Aberdeen, 30. 

— Andrew, of Auchorie, 30, 49, 50, 

64. 

— Andrew, of Chappelton, 33, 75. 

— Andrew, of Dyce (1729-1732), 85, 

86, 87-8. 

— Andrew, of Dyce (1747-1815), 88, 

89. 

— Andro, in the Glak, 27. 

— Sir Andrew, II. of Halyards in Fife, 

34, 49, 50-3. 

— Andrew, of Lethenty, 42. 

— Andrew, in Many, 100. 

— Andrew, in Overdyce, 35, 37, 148. 
— ■ Andrew, in Overtown, 37. 

— Andrew, in Pitmuxton, 14S, 149. 

— Andrew, of Ruthrieston, 30, 132, 

147, 148. 

— ■ Andrew, of Ruthrieston? ("quarto 
vicit 1667") 79. 

— Andrew, yr. of Wester Bogie, 51. 

— Andrew, in Whytecairns, 128. 

. — Andrew, apothecary, 149, 150. 

— Andrew, Capt. in the Royal Scots, 

57, 5S. 

— Andrew, 52nd Regiment, 74. 

— Dr. Andrew, 149, 150. 

— Andrew, minister at Banff, 150. 

— Andrew, parson of Turriff, 64, 65. 

— Andrew, Solicitor-General for Scot- 

land, 3, 73. 

— Andrew, grandson of Sir Andrew 

of Halyards in Fife, 52. 

— Andrew, s. of Sir Andrew of Hal- 

yards in Fife, 51, 52, 55. 

— Andrew, s. of George, xvm. of 

that ilk, 45. 

— Andrew, s. of Gilbert, in Overhill, 

124, 125. 

— Andrew, s. of Capt. James, 44. 

— Andrew, s. of "White James," 80. 

— Andrew, s. of John, XV. of that 

ilk, 37- 

— Andrew, s. of John, in Turriff, 64, 

65- 

— Andrew Motz, 59. 

— Andrew Philip, VIII. of Halyards 

in Fife, 59-60. 

— Andrew Philip, IX. of Halyards in 

Fife, 59, 60. 

— Ann, d. of Alex, of Dyce (1665- 

1704), 86. 

— Ann, d. of David, in Langseat, 129. 

— Anna, d. of " White James," So. 



262 



Skene, Anna, </. of John of Dyce (1704- 
1729), 87. 

— Anna, d. of Robert, 65. 

— Anna, ,/. of the Rev. Robert, Si. 

— Anna, or Barclay, 37, 39. 

— Anna, or Forbes, 125. 

— Anna, or Robertson, 83. 

— Arthur, of Auchtererne, 103. 

— Arthur, in Tullocht, 153. 

— Arthur, s. of Robert, in Tullinturk, 

151. 

— Arthur, s. of William, So. 

— August, 67. 

— Augusta Maria, or Maude, 59. 

— Barbara, vat. d. of Alex., 27. 

— Barbara, or Calder, 36. 

— Barbara, or Forbes, 85, 86. 

— Barbara, or Mores, 52. 

— Barbara, or Sturgeon, 44. 

— Barbara, or Tytler, 38, 39. 

— Beatrice, d. of John, III. of Hal- 

yards in Midlothian, 121. 

— Beatrice Harriet Annie, 74. 

— Beatrix, or Forbes, 27. 

— Bessie of Elzenor, 32, 101. 

— Bessie, or Johnstone, 83. 

— Bessie, or Ross, 30. 

— Betty, 47. 

— Caroline Christian, 142. 

— Catharine, d. of David, I. of Tit- 

lour, 61. 

— Catherine, d. of Thomas, advocate, 

119. 

— Catherine, Lady Foresterseat, 106, 

112. 

— Catherine, or Grierson, 142. 

— Catharine, or Jardine, 137. 

— Charles, in Virginia, 120. 

— Dr. Charles, 74. 

— Captain Charles of Dumbreck, 74. 

— Charles, sailor, R.N., 119. 

— Charles, s. of Charles, 67. 

— Charles, s. of Dr. George, 73. 

— Charles, s. of "White James," 80. 

— Charles, s. of John, IV. of Halyards 

in Fife, 55, 56. 

— Charles, s. of Philip William, 67. 

— Christian, d. of Andrew of Ruth- 

rieston, 149. 

— Christian, d. of "Black James," 

147- 

— Christian, d. of "White [amcs, ' 

80. 

— Christian, d. of Treasurer KoLi-rt, 

76. 

— Christian, or Drummond, 30. 

— Christian, or Fraser, 32. 

— Christian, or Jaffray, 7S. 



?, Christian, m. Andrew Skene, 148. 
Church of, 5, 11. 
David, in Langseat, 129. 
David, at the Mylne of Potterfeild, 

232. 
David, at the Mylne of Totterton, 

124-6, 127, 131, 133, 135, 230-I, 

234-9- 
David, 1. of Pitlbur, 54-5, 61-2. 
David, IV. of Pitlour, 61, 63. 
David, of Zamoski, 40, 125, 131- 

132- 
David, Captain, 2Sth Regiment, 61, 

63- 
Dr. David, 150. 
David, s. of Alex., XVI. of that ilk, 

41. 
David, s. of George, XVIII. of that 

ilk, 45- 
David, s. of Captain James, 44. 
David, .t. of John, IV. of Halyards 

in Fife, 55, 57. 
David, s. of William, in Australia, 

130. 
David James, 59. 
Dromondus, 121, 226, 227. 
Duncan, 92, 97-8, 100. 
Edward, s. of lohn, IV. of Halyards 

in Fife, 55, 57. 
Edward, s. of William, So. 
Eliza, d. of David in Langseat, 129. 
Eliza, or de Heidenstam, 141. 
Eliza, or Jenkins, 130. 
Elizabeth, d. of Dr. George, 73. 
Elizabeth, d. of George, iv. of 

Halyards in Midlothian, 121, 122. 
Elizabeth, d. of James of Blackdog, 

1 28. 
Elizabeth, d. of James, VI. of Hal- 
yards in Fife, 58. 
Elizabeth, d. of "Black James," 

147. 
Elizabeth, d. of Thomas, advocate, 

119. 
Elizabeth, or Calderwood, 57. 
Elizabeth, or Livingstone, 37, 39. 
Elizabeth, or Munroe, 44. 
Elizabeth, or Russell, 121. 
Elizabeth, m. George Skene, 38, 

41 : 42, 43. 44- 
Elizabeth, Lady Wardlaw, 54. 
Elizabeth Rosa, 59. 
Elspett, d. of David in Langseat, 

129. 
Elspet, or Bruce, 51. 
Elspett, m. Andrew Forbes, 71. 
Elspeth, m. John Forbes, 27. 
Elspeth, or Gray, 69, 70. 



Skene, Emilia, or Filiner, 73. 

— Ethel Mary, 141. 

— Eupham, or Wilkie, 121. 

— Euphame, Lady Inglis, 114. 

— Euphemia, Lady Richardson, 107, 

112. 

— Euphemie, or Forbes, 152, 153. 

— Felicia, Mary Frances, 143. 

— Felix James Henry, 141. 

— Fergusius de, 17. 

— Francis, Prof, of Civil and Natural 

History, 72-3. 

— Francis, Royal Fusiliers, 119. 

— Francis, s. of Dr. George, 73. 

— Gabrielle, or de Widman, 67. 

— Major George, of Caraldstone, 37, 

38, 41, 42, 43, 44, 48, 154. 

— George, IV. of Halyards in Mid- 

lothian, 120, 121, 122. 

— George, in Knockhall, 103, 

— Sir George, I. of Rubislaw, 4. 39, 

40, 126, 131-3, 135. 145. 2 4°-2. 

— George, 11. of Rubislaw, 40, 132, 

133. 134, 135- 
■ — George, in. of Rubislav,-, 134, 135. 

— George, IV. of Rubislaw, 135-8. 

— George, v. of Rubislaw, 138, 139. 

■ — George, VII. of Rubislaw, 141, 
143-4. 

— George, xvn. of that ilk, 38, 41, 

42-44. 

— George, xvm. of that ilk, 44-45. 

— George, XIX. of that ilk, 45-7, 48. 

— George, parson of Rinkell, 31, 72. 

— George, Dempster of the Court, 

98, 100, 101. 

— Dr. George, 89. 

— George, Ensign, H. E. I. Co., 74. 

— George, Prof, of Natural History, 

73-4. 

— George, s. of Dr. Andrew, 150. 

— George, s. of David of Zamoski, 

39, 125, 131, 132. 

— George, .r. of Capt. James, 44. 

— George, s. of "White James," So. 

— George, s. of John in Turriff, 65. 

— George, s. of Patrick in Old Aber- 

deen, 128. 

— George, s. of Robert, 40. 

— George Alexander, 141. 

— George Robert, 60. 

— Rev. George William Charles, 141. 

— Gilbert, of Dyce, 71, 82, 83, 84-5, 

105. 

— Gilbert, in Overhill, 124, 125, 126, 

228-30, 232, 234-7. 

— Gilbert de, VIII, of that ilk, I, 22, 



x. 263 

Skene, Gilbert, in Tillibirloch, 26, 27, 50, 
69-70, 75- 

— Gilbert, m. of Westercorse, 32, 

102, 104. 

— Gilbert, in Whytecairns, 127. 

— Dr. Gilbert, 91, 95-7, 126. 

— Gilbert, merchant, 14S. 

— Gilbert, minister at Cariston, 71. 

— Gilbert, student, 71. 

— Gilbert, s. of Alex, of Dyce (1665- 

1704), 86. 

— Gilbert, s. of Gilbert of Dyce, S4. 

— Gilbert, s. of Patrick of Bandodle. 

32. 

— Gilbert, s. of Robert in Tullinturk, 

151. 

— Gilian de, II. of that ilk, 10, 15. 

— Harriet, 74. 

— Helen, d. of George, minister of 

Kinkell, 72. 

— Helen, d. of George, IV. of Rubis- 

law, 137. 

— Helen, d. of James, writer, 9S. 

— Helen, d. of John, III. of Halyards 

in Midlothian, 121. 

— Helen, or Brown, 120. 

— Helen, or Coupar, 3, 11S. 

— Helen, or Duff, 135. 

— Helen, Lady Dundas, 114. 

— Helen, or Fraser, 71. 

— Helen, or MoncriefT, 61 63. 

— Henrietta, or Trotter, 60. 

— Henry, grandson of Sir Andrew of 

Halyards in Fife, 52. 

— Henry, s. of Peter, 66. 

— Hew, 125. 

— House of, 5, 7, 38. 

— Hugh, 121, 225-6. 

— Isabella, a. of John in Turriff, 

65. 

— Isabella, d. of Thomas, 129. 

— Isobel, d. of Alex., xi. of that ilk, 

28. 

— Isobell, d. of Andrew in Auchorie, 

49- 

— Isobell, d. of James of Blackdog, 

128. 

— Isobell, d. of "White James," So. 

— Isobell, (/. of William, master of 

the Song School, 31. 

— Isobell, or Calder, 35. 

— Isobell, or Tosh, 71. 

— Isobel, or Keith, 71. 

— Isobell, or Knows, 83. 

— Isobel, or Warrand, 30. 

— James, of Auchtererne, 151. 

— James, of Blackdog, 127, 128. 

— James, in Charlestown, 73. 



26 4 



Skene, Sir James of Curriehill, 75, 76, 106, 

107, no, in, 113-5, |u6, 117, 

137, 147, 1S6-190, 193-224. 
James, VI, of Halyards in Fife 

57,58. 
James, of Grange and Kirkcaldy, 

53-54- 
James, of Rubislaw, 1, 4, S9, 139- 

43, 243-9- 
James de, VI. of that ilk, 15-21, 

22, 34- 
lmes, XII. of that ilk, 27, 28-32, 

33. 34. 49- 
James, XIV. of that ilk, 33, 34, 35- 

36, 37- 

James, in Turriff, 64. 
James, of Wester Bogie, 51-52, 55. 
ames, I. of Westercorse and Ra- 

more, 23, 25, 26, 90-101, 106, 

no, 123, 145, 153. 
lames, 11. of Westercorse and Ra- 

more, 92, 94, 96, 9S, 102-3. 
James, IV. of Westercorse and Ra- 

more, 97, 104. 
Captain James, 44, 89. 
Tames (" Black James"), 2, 79, 147. 
imes (" White James "), 76, 78-80, 

147. 

imes, "the martyr," 36. 
Jacobus, notarius publicus, 17. 
James, surgeon, H. E. I. Co., 58. 
James, writer, s. of James, 127. 
James, writer, s. of Robert, 1 10, 

126. 

,, writer, s. of Thomas, 98-9. 
James, s. of George, IV. of Rubis- 

ames, s. of George, XVIII. of that 
ilk, 45- 
ames, s. of James, writer, 99. 
James (1615), s. of Sir James of 

Curriehill, 1 14. 
fames (162 1), .r. of Sir James of 

Curriehill, 114. 
James, s. of Captain James, 44. 
James, nat. s. of James, in army, 44. 
James, s. of " White James," 79. 
James, s. of John, I. of Halyards 

in Midlothian, 118. 
James, s. of John, xv. of that ilk, 

38. 
James, s. of John in Turnft, 65. 
James, s. of Robert in Tullinturk, 

151. 
ames, s. of Thomas, advocate, 119. 
ames Francis, 143. 
ames Henry, Consul-General at 
Aleppo, 141. 



Skene, James Henry, s. of F. J. H. Skene, 
141. 

— Jane, d. of David, I. of Pitlour, 61. 

— Jane, or Bruce, 142. 

— Jane, or Crawford, 130. 

— Jane, Lady Scott, 106, 112. 

— Jane Catharine, 130. 

— Jane Georgina, or Tytler, 143. 

— Janet, d. of Robert in Belhelvie, 

126, 127. 

— Janet, d. of William of Auchtererne, 

152. 

— Jannet, m. David Anderson, 30. 

— Janet, m. John Anderson, 134. 

— Janet, or Barclay, 35. 

— Janet, or Burnett, 71. 

— Janet, or Forbes, 103. 

— Janet, or Gordon, 133. 

— Janet, or Kincaid, 121, 

— Janet, or Jobson, 71. 

— Janet, or Row, 118. 

— Janet, m. Robert Skene, 103, 153. 

— Jean, d. of Andrew in Auchorie, 

49- 

— Jean, d. of George, IV. of Rubislaw, 

138. 

— Jean, </. of James of Blackdog, 12S. 

— Jean, d. of James, writer in Edin- 

burgh, 127. 

— Jeane, d. of " White James," 79. 

— Jean, d. of Robert of Tillibirloch, 

3'- 

— Jean, Lady Belches, I iS. 

— Jean, or Bruce, 71. 

■ — Jeane, or Clarke, 126. 

— Jean, or Dunbar, 30. 

— Jean, or Farquharson, 37, 39. 

— Jean, m. George Forbes, 41, 45. 

— Jean, 111. John Forbes, 32. 

— Jean, Lady Forbes, 38, 42, 44. 

— Jeane, or Hamilton, 99. 

— Jean, or Innes, 34. 

— jean, or Jones, 64. 

— Jemima Margaret, or Booth, 59. 

— Jenny, or Gablenz, 67. 

— Johan de, del counte de Edneburh, 

8, 9-10, 13, 15. 

— Johanna, or de Chastillon, 66. 

— Johanna Carolina, 66. 

— Johannes de Auchterarnane, 24. 

— Johannes, s. of Robert in Tullin- 

turk, 151. 

— Johannes, witness (1504), 23. 

— John, of Auchtererne, 151. 

— John, of Bandodle, 32. 

— Sir John, I. of Curriehill, 3, 50, 82, 

90, 91. 92, 94. 97. 98, 100, 106- 
13, 126, 155-92. 



Skene, Sir John, III. of Curriehill, Bart., 

114. 115, 122. 

— John, of Doorlathers, 65-6. 

— John, of Dyce (1704-1729), 40, S5, 

— John, of Dyce (1743-1747), 88-9. 

— John, III. of Halyards in Fife, 37, 

«, 52, 53-5, 56, 57- 

— John, IV. of Halyards in Fife, 53, 

55, 56-7. 

— John, v. of Halyards in Fife, 55, 

56, 57-8. 

— John, I. of Halyards in Midlothian, 

3. 5 1 - 97. 98, 100, in, 116, 117- 
9, 127, 186, 190, 191. 

— John, II. of Halyards in Midlothian, 

in, 118,119-20. 

— John, in. of Halyards in Midlothian, 

119,120-1. 

— John, v. of Halyards in Midlothian, 

122. 

— John, in Knowheade, 34, 35. 

— John, of Newtyle, 77, 78. 

— John, of that ilk, 2, 3, 8, 12, 36-9, 

40, 132. 

— John, in Mill of Turriff, 64. 

— John, of Wester Bogie, 52. 

— John, last of Wester Bogie, 52. 
— ■ John, in Whytecairns, 126, 127. 

— John, burgess of Aberdeen (1443), 

17. 

— John, Ensign, 120. 

— John, Kintyre pursuivant, 80. 

— John, librarian, Marischal College, 

72. 

— John, merchant burgess of Aber- 

deen, 69, 70. 

— John, servitor to the Earl Marischal, 

83. 

— John, m. Jean Skene, 64. 

— John, grandson of Sir Andrew of 

Halyards in Fife, 52. 

— John, s. of Alex., xvi. of that ilk, 

41-2, 44. 

— John, s, of Andrew of Rudrestoun, 

30. 

— John, s. of Andrew in Whytecairns, 

128. 

— John, s. of Francis, 73. 

— John, s. of Dr. George, 73. 

— John, s. of Hugh, 121, 226. 

— John, s. of Sir James of Curriehill, 

114. 

— John, s. of James, XII. of that ilk, 

32. 

— John, s. of Capt. James, 44. 

— John, s. of James, writer, 99. 

— John, s. of James, yr., writer, 127. 



?, John, s. of "White James," 79. 
John, s. of John of Dyce (1704- 

1729), 87. 
John, s. of John in Turriff, 65. 
John, s. of Robert, "glassenwright," 

147- 
John, s. of Thomas in Potterton, 

125. 
John, s. of William of Auchtererne, 

152. 
Katharine, d. of Dr. Andrew, 150. 
Katharine, d. of George, minister 

of Kinkell, 72. 
Katharine, d. of James of New 

Grange, 54. 
Katharine, or Aedie, 39, 125, 131, 

132. 
Katherme, ///. Robert Cheyne, 35. 
Katherine, m. William Cheyne, 30. 
Katharine, m. Arthur Forbes, 32. 
Katharine, 111. William Forbes, 71. 
Katharine, or Lindsay, 53. 
Katharine, Lady Edward Murray, 

54- 
Katharine, Lady (William) Murray, 

Katharine, or de Piguet, 59. 
Katherine, or Thomson, 134. 
Katharine Elizabeth, or Chancellor, 

144- 
Katharine Heyden, or Wilkinson, 

60. 
Keatren, or Fotheringham, 41. 
Lands of, 7, 8, 9, II, 12. 
Laurence, bank agent in Portree, 

130. 
Laurence, s. of Patrick, 82, 84. 
Lilias, d. of Alex, ot Newtyle, 77. 
Lilias, d. of "White James," 79. 
Loch of, 5, 7, 34. 
Louis, 67. 
Louisa Jacoba, 66. 
Margaret, d. of Alex, of Dyce (1665- 

1704), 85. 
Margaret, d. of Alex., fiar of that 

ilk, 29. 
Margret, </. of Alex., xvi. of that 

ilk, 41. 
Margaret, ;/. of Dr. Andrew, 150. 
Margaret, d. of Andrew of Ruthrie- 

ston, 149. 
Margaret, d. of Andrew in Whyte- 
cairns, 128. 
Margaret, d. of Dr. Charles, 74. 
Margaret, d. of David in Langseat, 

129. 
Margaret, d. of James of Blackdog, 

128. 



266 



Skene, Margaret, </. of James, XII. of that 
ilk, 32. 

— Margaret, d. of " Black James," 

'47- 

— Margaret, </. of John of Dyce (1704- 

1729), 87. 

— Margaret, d. of John, iv. of Hal- 

yards in Fife, 57. 

— Margret, d. of John, XV. of that 

ilk, 37- 

— Margaret, d. of William in Australia, 

130. 

— Margaret, in. Arthur Anderson, 73. 

— Margaret, m. John Anderson, 30. 

— Margaret, m. Alex. Burnett, 83. 

— Margaret, m. John Burnett, 69, 70. 

— Margaret, or Carnegie, 54. 

— Margaret, or Esson, 129. 

— Margaret, or Fairlie, 118. 

— Margaret, or Finnie, 134. 

— Margaret, or Forbes, 30. 

— Margaret, or Gordon, 84. 

— Margaret, or Hog, 105. 

— Margaret, or Learmonth, 106, 112. 

— Margaret, or Ramsay, 137. 

— Margaret, m. Alexander Skene of 

Letter, 29. 

— Margaret, m. George Skene, 72. 

— Margaret, m. John Skene in Know- 

heade, 34. 

— Margaret, or Smith, 88, 89. 

— Margaret, or Smyth, 71. 

— Maria, d. of George, IV. of Rubis- 

law, 138. 

— Maria Isabella, 143. 

— Marjory, d. of Robert, II. of Xew- 

tyle, 76. 

— Marjory, or Hay, 126. 

— Marjory, or (affray, 150. 

— Mary, d. of Dr. Charles, 74. 

— Mary, d. of Dr. George, 73. 

— Mary, d. of George, minister of 

Kinkell, 72. 

— Mary, or Clark, 149. 

— Mary, or Cumming, S7. 

— Mary, Countess Fife, 45. 

— Mary, or Mackenzie, 35. 

— Mary, m. Alfred Skene, 67, 68. 

— Mary, or Thomson, 150. 

— Mary Anne, 73. 

— Mary Anne Margaret, 59. 

— Mary Isabella Frances, 74. 

— Max, 66. 

— Mirabell, or Forbes, 101. 

— Moncrieff Patrick George, 63. 

— Olive Maud, 141. 

— Patrick de, 9, 10, 13. 

— Patrick, in Bandodle, 31-2, IOI. 



Skene, Patrick, of Blackdog, 128. 

— Patrick, in Dantzick, 86. 

— Patrick, in Old Aberdeen, 128. 

— Patrick, in Whytecairns, 127-8. 

— Patrick, ancestor of Skene in Aus- 

tria, 49, 64-5. 

— Patrick, ancestor of Skene of Dyce, 

26, 27, 28, 29, 82-3. 

— Patrick, writer in Edinburgh, '84, S5. 

— Patrick, s. of Sir Andrew of Hal- 

yards in Fife, 52. 

— Patrick, s. of James in Bandodle, 

101. 

— Patrick George, v. of Pitlour, 61, 

63. 

— Peter, in Venloo, 66. 

— Peter, s. of Lieut. William, 66. 

— Peter Ludwig William Max, 66. 

— Philip, in. of Pitlour, 62. 

— Philip Orkney, 59. 

— Philip Wharton, VII. of 'Halyards 

in Fife, 58-9. 

— Philip William, 66, 67. 

— Rachel, d. of Alex, of Newtyle, 7S. 

— Rachel, Lady Douglas, 1 14. 

— Robert, in Belhelvie, 95, 123-7. 

— Robert, of Dumbreck, 71. 

— Robert, in Lamington, 52. 

— Robert, of Maryland, 86. 

— Robert, I. of Newtyle, 69, 70, 75. 

— Robert, 11. of Newtyle, 2, 75-7, 78, 

79, 81. 

— Robert, of Pitlour, 61, 62. 

— Robert, of Rannaloch, 96, 103, no, 

— Robert de, I. of that ilk, 14, 15, 20. 

— Robert, in Tilliebirloch, 29, 3037. 

— Robert, of Westercorse and Ramore, 

104. 

— Robert, burgess of Posen, 124, 127. 

— Robert, founder of Skene of Ruth- 

rieston, 147, 148. 

— Robert, minister, 80-1. 

— Robert, notary public, 99. 

■ — Robert, rector of Aberdeen Gram- 
mar School, 72. 

— Robert, schoolmaster at Banchorie, 

31. 37- 

— Treasurer Robert, 40, 125, 132, 133, 

'34- 

— Robert, vicar of Logy, 151, 152. 

— Robert, vicarius de Logymar, 17, 

151. 

— Robert, s, of Alex, of Newtyle, 77. 

— Robert, s. of Andrew, parson of 

Turriff, 65. 

— Robert, s. of Andrew of Ruthrieston, 

30, 132, 148, 149- 



Skene, Robert, s. of George, II. of Rubis- 
law, 134. 

— Robert, s. of Gilbert in Overhill, 

124, 125, 126, 232, 236. 

— Robert, s. of " White James," 79. 

— Robert, s. of Robert, schoolmaster, 

3i- 

— Robert, s. of Robert in Tullinturk, 

— Samuel, 114. 

— Sarah, or Lynch, 44. 

— Sarah, or Macdonald, 45. 

— Baillie Thomas, "of the Auldtown," 

12S. 

— Thomas, in Australia, 129. 

— Sir Thomas, of Curriehill, Bart., 

114, 115. 

— Thomas, in Blackdog, 128. 

— Thomas, in the farm of Fyfe, 129. 

— Thomas, in Potterton, 125, 133. 

— Thomas, of Whytecairns, 126, 127. 
— ■ Thomas, advocate, 119, 121. 

— Thomas, Lieut, in army, 38, 39. 

— Thomas, writer, 98-9. 

— Thomas, s. of Alex., Officer in the 

army, 129. 

— Thomas, s. of James of Blackdog, 

128. 

— Thomas, s. of John, IV. of Halyards 

in Fife, 55, 56. 

— Thomas, s. of Thomas, writer, 99. 

— Thomas, s, of Thomas, of the farm 

of Fyfe, 129. 

— Thomas, s. of William in Australia, 

130. 

— Thomas Alexander, grain merchant, 

129, 

— Tower of, 5, 9, 12, 38. 

— Violet, or Forbes, 126. 

— William, of Auchtererne, 152. 

— William, in Australia, 129. 

— William, of Newtyle, 79, 80. 

— Colonel William, H. E. I. Co., 74. 

— William, Commissar of St. Andrews, 

92-3- 

— William, lieutenant in the navy, 66. 

— William, master of the Song School 

of Aberdeen, 31. 

— William, schoolmaster at Hadding- 

ton, 84, 87. 

— William, s. of Adam de, v. of that 

ilk, 15. 

— William, s, of Alex, of Dyce (1665- 

1704), 86. 

— William, s. of Alex., XI. of that ilk, 

26, 27. 

— William, /. of Andrew in Auchorie, 

49- 



5X. 267 

Skene, William, j. of Sir Andrew of Hal- 
yards in Fife, 52. 

— William, s. of Dr. Charles, 74. 

— William, ,c. of Francis, 73. 

— William (1616), s. of Sir James of 

Curriehill, 114. 

— William (1620), s. of Sir James of 

Curriehill, 114. 

— William, s. of James, II. of Wester- 

corse, 103. 

— William, s. of Sir John, I. of Currie- 

hill, 112, 172-6. 

— William, s. of John, IV. of Halyards 

in Fife, 55, 56, 57. 

— William, s. of Philip William, 67. 

— William, s. of Robert, "glassen- 

wright," 147. 

— William, s. of Robert, and Barbara 

Douglas, 65. 

— William, .1. of Treasurer Robert, 76. 

— William, s. of William and Eliza- 

beth Lesly, 27. 

— Baillie William, x. of Pitlour, 63. 

— William Forbes, historian, 46, 54, 

141, 143. 144-5- 

— William Forbes, s. of F. J. H. 

Skene, 141. 

— William Robertson, 130. 

— William Wallace, 60. 

— Zoe, ,/. of F.J. H. Skene, 141. 

— Zoe, or Thomson, 142. 
Skeneborough, 5S, 60. 

Sklatter, Andro, " watter baillie in Leyth," 

23 1 - 
Slesvici Holsatire, Dominus Johannes, Dux, 

169. 
Smith, Adam, advocate in Aberdeen, 88. 

— Andrew, became Skene of Lethen- 

tie, 88, 89. 

— James, in Eister Ardow, 232. 

— Rev. James, of Cobham, 58. 

— John, Captain, R.N., 88. 

— Mary Ann, or Skene, 58. 

— William, 88. 

Smyth, George, in Tannareis, 232. 

— Henrietta, or Walter, 60. 

— John, 71. 

— Margaret, or Skene, 127. 

— Richard, 60. 

— Thomas, in Bandache, 82. 
Somerville, Someruell. 

— Helen, or Skene, 108, 110, III, 112. 

— Sir John, of Camnethan, 108. 

— Dame Nicolas, Lady Blantyre, 10S. 

— Patricius, 169. 

— Samuel, 112. 

— William, 119. 

Sorgen, Petronella van, 121, 225-7. 



Spencer, Rev. Charles, 142. 
Spens, John, of Condie, 96. 

— Thomas, 69, 70. 
Spiers, Rachel, or Skene, 115. 
Spryng, Thomas, 18. 

Slein, Anne, Lady Duff, 45. 

— James, of Kilbogie, 45. 
Stewart, Colonel, 109. 

— Sir James, 189. 

— Lord John, of Invermey, 1 8. 

— Katharine, or Skene, 27. 
Stocket Forest, 7. 
Stoneywood, 16. 

Strachan, Strathaquhyn, Strauchan, Strath- 
auchin. 

— of Carmylie, 34. 

— David, of Carmylie, 23, 28, 29. 

— Sir David, of Carmylie, 28. 

— Elizabeth, or Skene, 103. 

— James, of Carmylie, 2S. 
Strang, Georgeus, 174. 
Strathallan, General Viscount, 112. 
Stratoun, Arthur, of Canterland, 50. 
Strigoniensis Arx, 159. 
Strigonium Castra, 162. 

Stuardus, D. Vihelmus, 158, 1 62, 164. 
Stuart, Mrs. Annie, or Skene, 57. 

— Sir John, of Grandtully, 42. 
Sturgeon, , 44. 

Styvart, Walter, 25. 

Summer, Alexander, merchant, 87. 

— Alexander, of the Footguards, 87. 

— Anna Catherine, 87. 

Swinton, Alexander, Lord Mersington, 1 19. 

— Helen, or Charteris, 119. 

— Mary, or Bruce, 119. 
Syme, Joneta, or Skene, in, 112. 
Symesoun, Thomas, in Fischischillis, 232. 

Tailzeour, , or Sandie, 232. 

— Andro, 232. 

— Patrik, or Yronruffis, 232. 
Tanistry, 24, 37, 49. 
Tearavell, 5. 

Thomson, Alexander, of Banchory, 150. 

— Alexander, advocate in Aberdeen, 

134- 

— Alexandra, 142. 

— Andrew, of Banchory, 150. 

— Basil Home, 142. 

— Beatrice Mary, or Preston, 142. 

— Bernard Henry Home, 142. 

— Elizabeth, or Kay, 232. 

— Ethel Zoe, or Goodwyn, 142. 

— Helen, or Skene, 135. 

— Jocelyn Home, K.A., 142. 

— Madiline Ita Mary, 142. 

— Wilfrid Forbes Home, 142. 



Thou 



William, Archbishop of York, 



— Zoe Jane, 142. 

Tillerie, Johnne, in Hilbray, 232. 
Tolmie, Jane, or Skene, 130. 
Tosh, William, 71. 

Trotter, Caroline Elizabeth, or Wilkinson, 
60. 

— Catherine Francis, or Walter, 60. 

— Charles Vaughan, 60. 

— Emily Katharine, 60. 

— Harriet Susannah, or Drake, 80. 

— Henry John, M.P., 54, 60. 

— Colonel John, 60. 

— Margaret Jane, or Loft, 60. 

— William Dale, 60. 
Tulivale, 22. 
Tullerbe, 152. 
Tullibrochloch, 23, 24. 
Tullinturk, 151. 
Tullocht, 25. 
Tulynahiltis, 23, 24. 
Turae, 162, 163, 177. 
Turing, , of Foveran, 100. 

— Sir John, of Foveran, 78. 
Tytler, Catherine Elizabeth, or Skene, 144. 

— George Michael Fraser, 143. 

— Georgina Mabel, 144. 

— James, of Woodhouselee, 143, 144. 

— John, 39. 

— Maurice William, 144. 

Uddart, John, 96. 

Udnie, Alexander, of that ilk, 78. 

Unsta (insula), 167. 

Urquhart, Alexander, of Dunlugus, 36. 

— John, of Craigstone, 36. 

Valche, Jacobus, 166. 
Vaus, John, 103. 
Velicherus, Laurentius, 168. 
Venloo, 66. 

W. magister officialis Aberdonensis, II. 
Wallace, , or Drummond, 57. 

— Elizabeth, or Skene, 56, 57, 58. 

— Sir Thomas, of Craigie, 56, 57. 

— Sir William, 60. 

— Sir William, of Craigie, 56. 
Walmesley, James, 59. 

— Rachel Jemima, or Skene, 59. 
Walter, Canon, 60. 

— W. J., 60. 

— senescallus Scocius, 14. 
Wardlaw, Christian, or Skene, 52. 

— Sir Henry, of Pitreavie, 54. 
Warrand, David, Town Clerk of Forres, 

30. 



26 9 



Wartumberg, 160. 

Waterearn, 151. 

Watstoun, in Cambusnethan, 51. 

Weltoun, Lands of, 53. 

Wemyss, James, 4th Earl of, 120. 

Westboume, 123. 

Wester Bogie, 51, 52. 

— Carney, 5. 

— Fintray, 39, 40, 131, 132. 

— Kinmundie, 5. 

— Skene, 6. 
White, Quhyt. 

— Francis, 38. 

— Major Andrew, 54. 
Whitecross, or Quhytcross, Alexander, 100. 
Whitehills Commonty, 53. 

Whitelaw, or Quhitlaw, Alexander, of 

Ester Liffe, 94. 
Widman, Baron de, 67. 
Wilkie, John, minister at Uphall, 121. 
Wilkinson, George Hutton, 60. 
Willelmus de Brechyne, II. 
William the Lyon, 7, 9, 13. 
Williamson, Rev. A., 60. 



\\ illi.imson, George, 75. 
Wilson, David, writer, 120. 
Winkelmannus, D. Johannes, 178. 
Wischart, Georgius, 100. 
Wishart, Wilyam, 98. 
Wittemberg, 157. 

Wod, Andro, in the Pottartoun, 232. 
Wood, Elizabeth, or Skene, 59. 

— Richard, 59. 
Wylie, James, 94. 

Voill, John, 19. 

— Sir John, iS, 19. 
York, James, Duke of, 132. 

— ■ William Thomson, Archbishop of, 
142. 
\ oung, Sir Peter, 193. 
Yrwin, Alexander, of Stradie, 19. 

Zerotin, Carolus, 161. 

— Carolus Baro, 156. 

— D. Fredericus a, 160. 

— Johannes Dionisius a, 160, 161, 162, 

163. 



Page 61, line 13, for Emily Raitt rcatt Lucy, daughter of L'etcr Hay of Leys. 
Page 63, line 2 from foot, for Sarina read Lorina. 



Hew Spalbino Club. 

REPORTS OF COMMITTEES. 

i 88 7. 



RESOLUTIONS adopted by the Council, 25th November, 1886. 

That the following gentlemen be appointed an Acting Committee, 
to manage the finance and general business of the Club, to 
make arrangements for the printing and distribution of the 
works to be issued, and to receive and deal with the 
Reports from the Special Committees : with power to add 
to their number : three to be a quorum. Mr. Ferguson, 
Convener ; Dr. Francis Edmond, Mr. Alexander Walker, 
Mr. George Walker, Dr. Webster ; the Conveners of the 
Special Committees ; the Secretary and the Treasurer. 
{Principal Geddes, added 12th January, 1887; Rev. Mr. 
Gammack, added 26th January.] 

That the following gentlemen be appointed a Special Committee 
to determine on the works to be issued by the Club, and 
to select the editors: with directions to report to the Acting 
Committee as often as requisite : with power, &c, as above. 
Mr. Dalrymple, Convener ; Dr. Alexander, Principal 
Geddes, Dr. Grub, Mr. Moir. [The Secretary, added 
19th May, 1887.] 

That the following gentlemen be appointed a Special Committee 
to investigate the contents of charter chests and other 
family and territorial records within the North-Eastern 
Counties of Scotland, or relating thereto : with directions, 
&c, as above. Colonel Allardyce, Convener ; Mr. 



Dalrymple, Mr. A. Davidson, Mr. C. B. Davidson, 
Mr. Ferguson, Mr. J. M. Garden, Mr. Wolrige Gordon, 
Mr. Morice ; the Treasurer. 

That the following gentlemen be appointed a Special Committee 
to investigate the municipal, judicial, and commercial 
records of the N. E. Counties : with directions, &c, as 
above. Mr. Cran, Convener; Dr. Davidson, Inverurie, 
Lord Provost Henderson, Mr. Kemlo, Mr. LittlcjoJin, 
Mr. Matthews, Sheriff Raiupini, Elgin, Mr. Ramsay, 
Banff, Sheriff Dove Wilson. 

That the following gentlemen be appointed a Special Committee 
to investigate the ecclesiastical and educational records of 
the N. E. Counties, and the records of Scottish educational 
institutions at home and abroad : with directions, &c, 
as above. Mr. Moir, Convener ; Rev. Mr. Cooper, Mr. 
J. P. Edmond, Rev. Mr. Gammack, Principal Gcddes, 
Rev. Dr. Grcgor, Dr. Grub, Major Ramsay. [Mr. Robert 
Walker, added ;th January, 1887.] 

That the following gentlemen be appointed a Special Committee 
to investigate the place-names, folk-lore, and general 
topography and archaeology of the N. E. Counties : with 
directions, &c, as above. Rev. Dr. Gregor, Convener; 
Dr. Alexander, Mr. Crombie, Mr. Ferguson, Colonel Ross 
King, Rev. Mr. Michic, Mr. Moir, Mr. Robertson. 
[Rev. Mr. Temple, added 17th March, 1887.] 



REPORT BY THE EDITORIAL COMMITTEE 

(approved at the Meeting of the Acting Committee on Wednesday, 
12II1 January, 1887). 

The Editorial Committee are glad to report that they have 
received from gentlemen in various parts of the country a 
number of offers to edit works of interest and importance. 
These offers they have carefully considered, and they now 
beg to recommend the following works as the first issues of 
the Club. 

1st. The Rev. James Cooper, Aberdeen, has undertaken 
to edit for the Club The Chartulary of the Collegiate 
Church of Saint Nicholas. This was one of the works 
contemplated by the Spalding Club, and there seems a peculiar 
fitness in its receiving precedence and priority among the works 
to be issued by the new Club. Your Committee recommend 
that the Text of the Chartulary should be printed and distributed 
first, and that Mr. Cooper's Prefatory Notes on the Chartulary, 
and Materials for a History of the Church of Saint Nicholas, 
should follow as a separate issue, to be afterwards prefixed 
to the Text. Mr. Cooper proposes to incorporate in his Notes 
the substance of a monograph on the Church, by the late Mr. 
James Logan, an interesting work in manuscript, containing a 
number of coloured illustrations. Your Committee have to 
acknowledge the courtesy of the Society of Advocates in placing 



at their service Mr. Logan's volume, and also a transcript of the 
Chartulary, the possession of which will enable the printing of 
the work to proceed without delay. 

2nd. Dr. YV. F. Skene, Historiographer Royal for Scotland, 
has kindly consented to edit for the Club a History of the 
Family of Skene (based on four old manuscript Histories), 
similar to " Ane Account of the Familie of Innes," edited for 
the Spalding Club by Mr. Cosmo Innes. Your Committee 
gladly accepted an offer from an antiquary so distinguished, 
and they feel assured that his contribution to the works of the 
Club will be most acceptable to the Acting Committee. It is 
confidently hoped that this volume will be issued within the 
first year, as Dr. Skene expects to be able to put the manuscript 
into the printer's hands in about three months. 

3rd. The Secretary, Mr. P. J. Anderson, has in preparation 
Selections from tiif Records of Marischal College and 
University, and your Committee look forward to obtaining, 
in the course of the second year, a part of his work. This 
work when completed will form, it is hoped, a companion 
volume to the " Fasti Aberdonenses." 

j.th. The Rev. James Gammack, Aberdeen, has undertaken 
to compile for the Club, Collections for the History of 
Angus and the Mearns, similar to the Collections printed by 
the Spalding Club for the History of the Counties of Aberdeen 
and Banff. 

Your Committee have been in communication with Mr. 
William Troup, Bridge of Allan, relative to a " History of the 



Family of Forbes," on which that gentleman has bestowed much 
labour, and which he is willing to submit for examination by 
the Committee. 

Your Committee have also considered the propriety of 
printing under the auspices of the Club the recently discovered 
" Lives of the Saints " attributed to Barbour. They were 
favoured with the views of Professor Masson on this subject. 
That eminent scholar is of opinion that the "Lives of the Saints" 
in its entirety naturally falls to be edited by the Scottish Text 
Society, but that a volume of " Barbouriana," containing all that 
is known about Barbour from documents, or that can be gathered 
from his writings, would be a very suitable work for the Club 
to take up — the life of Saint Machar, the local saint, forming 
a nucleus. If a competent editor can be found for such a work, 
your Committee would heartily recommend it. 

Among other works which have been mentioned, but 
regarding which no exact information is as yet before the 
Committee, are "The Book of Banff," by Mr. W. Cramond, 
Cullen, and a new edition of " The Book of Bon-Accord," by 
Mr. A. Kemlo, Aberdeen. 

Wm. D. GEDDES, pro C. 



REPORT BY COMMITTEE ON BURGH AND 
JUDICIAL RECORDS 

(approved at the Meeting of the Acting Committee on Wednesday, 
12th January, 1887). 

I. — Documents in the Charter Room, Town House. 

Your Committee beg to report on the various documents 
in the Burgh Charter Room as follows : — 

i. Burgh Charters. — There is a large number of Royal and other 
Charters of an interesting nature in the possession of the Town, the 
printing of which has been undertaken by the Town Council, apart from 
the Club. These Charters are at present in process of being translated 
and prepared for the press by the Secretary of the Club. 

2. Council Registers. — With the exception of a single volume the 
series is complete from 1398 to 1883 (when the Minutes began to be 
printed), and consists of 118 volumes. Four volumes of extracts from 
the Registers have been printed: two by the Spalding Club, embracing 
the period from 1398 to 1624, and two by the Burgh Record Society, con- 
tinuing the selection from the last date down to 1747. It would be desir- 
able to have a complete index of subjects, names of persons and places ; 
and Mr. Anderson, when reporting to the Town Council on the matter, 
in April of last year, estimated that by adopting certain conditions the 
bulk of the index matter might be condensed into three volumes of 
1 000 to 1 200 pages each. 



3. Sasine Registers or Protocol Books. — This series commences in 
1484, and is complete to the present time. The period from 1484 to 
1800 occupies 83 volumes. Your Committee are confident that material 
suitable for the Club's publications can be obtained from these volumes, 
but would defer reporting more fully upon them at present. 

4. Correspondence, &c. — A collection of " Letters," covering the period 
from 1552 to 1800, is contained in 20 volumes, having an average of 400 
letters each, or 8000 in all. Besides letters received there are also copies 
of letters sent, copies of instructions to the Burgh representatives at the 
Convention of Burghs, receipts and memoranda of a miscellaneous 
character, connected with the business of the Burgh during the period 
indicated. The Council Registers also will furnish copies of letters 
received before the commencement of this collection, chiefly Royal and 
Privy Council Missives. There is likewise a series of " Letters sent," 
beginning in 1729, and comprising about 1600 letters from that period 
till 1800. As the two series are of considerable historical importance, 
a Calendar of all the letters would doubtless prove interesting to the 
members of the Club, while some of the more important letters might 
be printed in extenso. 

5. Register of Deeds, Bonds, Contracts, &c. — This series is complete 
from 1569 to 1710, and embraces 15 volumes. The Contracts from the 
latter date to 1809 are not bound in volumes, but arranged in bundles, 
and are not so accessible. The Contracts, Deeds, &c, recorded in this 
Register are of a very interesting nature, comprising contracts of 
marriage, wadsets of County and Burgh properties, agreements between 
heirs-portioners, and such like. A comprehensive Calendar of these 
Deeds might be prepared, and where of general interest the Deeds 
might subsequently be printed in full. 

6. Propinquity Books. — This series comprises four volumes, and 
embraces the period from 1637 to 1797. Previous to 1637 it would appear 



that the Birth Brieves were recorded in the Council Registers, and an 
examination of these would carry the period of commencement back to 
a much earlier date than the first recorded in this series. Specimens of 
these Birth Brieves, from the first volume of the series, have been 
printed in the 5th volume of the Miscellany of the Spalding Club. 

7. Accounts. — The importance of Accounts in illustrating contempor- 
aneous events is well known, and it may be proper to keep in mind that 
the archives of the Town contain the following sets of Accounts : — ■ 

Treasurer's Accounts, 1569-1S00. 9 vols. A few extracts are printed 
in volume V. of the Spalding Club Miscellany, from the Council 
Registers, in which the earlier Accounts are engrossed. 

Guildry Accounts, 1453-1800. 8 vols. A large number of extracts 
from these Accounts is given in the volume above referred to. 

Shore Work Accounts, 1596- 1800. 4 vols. 

Kirk and Bridge Work Accounts, 1 571-1800. 8 vols. Your Com- 
mittee beg to draw the attention of the Family History 
Committee to the very complete lists contained in this series of 
Accounts, of Interments in St. Nicholas Churchyard, from 1571 
downwards. 

Hospital Accounts, 1607- 1800. 6 vols. 

Mortification Accounts, 161 5-1800. 12 vols. 



II. — Sheriff Clerk's Records. 

There are in the custody of the Clerk of Supply 21 MS. 
volumes of Extracts made by the late Mr. John Grant Leslie, 
Sheriff Clerk Depute, some of which are said to have been 
prepared with a view to publication by the Spalding Club. They 
consist of a Report on the State of the Parochial Registers of the 



County of Aberdeen, now in the General Register House, Edin- 
burgh; copies of services of heirs; copies of proceedings at Head 
Courts of the County and in the Sheriff Court, &c, &c. 

Your Committee have appointed a Sub-Committee of their 
number to examine and report on these volumes, and generally 
as to the Records under the charge of the Sheriff Clerk. 

After full consideration your Committee are of opinion that 
as a first instalment of the matter above referred to, a Calendar 
of the Correspondence should be prepared, and a number of the 
most interesting and important letters printed, and they accord- 
ingly beg to recommend the General Committee to remit to 
the Editorial Committee to report on the desirability of this 
being carried out by the Club. They further recommend that 
the work of calendaring should be entrusted to Mr. Alex. M. 
Munro, who has expressed his willingness to undertake it. 

P. M. CRAN, C. 



REPORT BY THE COMMITTEE ON ECCLESIASTICAL AND 
EDUCATIONAL RECORDS 

(approved at the Meeting of the Acting Committee on Wednesday, 
I2tli January, i88j). 

Your Committee are glad to learn that the Rev. James Cooper 
has undertaken to edit for the Club the St. Nicholas Chartulary, 
and that the Secretary, Mr. Anderson, is engaged on the Fasti 
of Marischal College, both of which works have been approved 
by the Editorial Committee. 

There is also some prospect of an interesting monograph on 
the emblazoned ceiling of St. Machar's Cathedral being submitted 
to the Club. Principal Geddes has kindly offered to furnish the 
historical part of the work, and Mr. Peter Duguid, Advocate, 
is willing to undertake the elucidation of the heraldic portion, 
embracing the Forty-Eight Shields represented on the roof of 
the Cathedral. 

A reference to the Reports of the Royal Commission on 
Historical Manuscripts will show that there is a wide field of 
investigation open to your Committee. The collection of 
manuscripts belonging to the late Bishop Kyle, and now- 
preserved at Buckie, includes an immense mass of letters and 
papers connected with the Ecclesiastical History of Scotland 
(chiefly of the Northern District), from about 1597 ; as well as 
seventy-two original letters of Mary Queen of Scots. This col- 
lection also contains ample materials for the history of the Scots 



Colleges at Valladolid, Ratisbon, and Rome. Bishop Macdonald 
has courteously promised to use his influence to obtain for the 
Club's editorial staff full access to these, as well as to the Collec- 
tion at Blair's College, which includes, among other interesting 
material, a History of the Scottish Benedictine Monastery of 
St. James at Ratisbon from the earliest times, and copies of 
bulls, charters, &c, relative to the Scots College at Ratisbon. 
There are also said to be at Blairs many papers and books 
which belonged to the Scots College at Paris. This statement 
alone would justify an enquiry into the contents of this interest- 
ing library. 

Other Ecclesiastical documents connected with the district 
and still unedited are : — 

The Charters of the Maturin, Dominican, Carmelite and 

Franciscan Friars of Aberdeen, 1211-1560. (Mr. 

Anderson looks forward to edit these.) 
The Charters of the Priory of Restennet in Angus. (It is 

understood that the late Dr. John Stuart made some 

progress in preparing these for publication.) 
The " Martyrologium Secundum usum Ecclesiae Aberdon- 

ensis," which lies in the Library of Edinburgh 

University. 
The Kalendar of the Preemonstratensian House of Fearn, 

which is preserved in the Library at Dunrobin Castle. 

With regard to Ecclesiastical Records generally, your 
Committee propose as a preliminary course to send out a series 
of queries, addressed to Synod, Presbytery, and Session Clerks, 
Parish Clergymen, Town Clerks, and others, resident within 



14 

the five Counties which form the more immediate field of the 
Club's operations, asking for information as to the Records in 
their possession, the dates of the commencement of these 
Records, the nature of their contents, references to Educational 
and Social Questions, &c. Your Committee request that you 
will grant them authority to incur the necessary expenses. 

Apart from the Secretary's promised " Fasti," nothing has 
as yet been done in connection with Educational Records. It 
is felt that until the Ecclesiastical and Town Council Records 
have been thoroughly explored, any broad treatment of the 
History of Education in the district will be impossible. 

Your Committee would hope that by the publication of the 
History of the Scots Colleges at Ratisbon, Valladolid, Paris 
and Rome, much information would be gained regarding the 
'* Scot abroad." The printing of the " Register of Propin- 
quities," preserved in the Town House Charter Room, would 
throw much light on the origin of the Scots who visited the 
Continent ; but a recommendation having this object in view- 
might come more appropriately from the Committee on Burgh 
Records. 

JAMES MOIR, C. 



REPORT BY THE COMMITTEE ON FAMILY HISTORY 

(approved at the Meeting of the Acting Committee on Wednesday, 
26th January, iS8j). 

Your Committee beg to report that they have sent letters of 
enquiry to a number of parties within the area embraced in the 
operations of the Club, who are supposed to have material that 
is suitable for historical and genealogical purposes. They have 
received very favourable replies regarding the amount of material 
and the willingness of owners to co-operate in the work before 
the Club. The Committee must particularly acknowledge the 
generous offers of the use of documents and special infor- 
mation from their own collections or from those under their 
charge, made to the Committee by, amongst others, the Marquis 
of Huntly, the Earls of Southesk, Northesk, and Aberdeen, 
Lord Forbes, the Lyon King of Arms, and Mr. Dickson, 
Curator of the Historical Department in H.M. Register House, 
Edinburgh. 

In estimating the work that comes naturally before this 
Committee and the amount of documentary material that is 
likely to be found in the north-east of Scotland, or can be drawn 
from other quarters in order to illustrate its history, the Committee 
turned first to the published Reports of the Royal Commission 
on Historical Manuscripts, in so far as they relate to the district, 
and then to the sources from which the Spalding Club obtained 
both charter evidence and other contributions. For convenience 
in preparing the Report, the plan is here adopted of dividing, 



i6 

by the general line of the Dee, the ground to be specially 
investigated. 

I. Elgin, Banff, and Aberdeen.— In the counties of Elgin, Banff, 
and Aberdeen, the following Charter-chests and Libraries have been 
examined and reported upon by the Historical MSS. Commissioners 
with more or less of fulness : — Gordon Castle, Burgh Records and 
Registers of Aberdeen, Aboyne Castle, Dunecht, Castle Forbes, Crathes 
Castle, Drum Castle, Whitehaugh, Aberdeen University, Cullen House, 
Duff House, Auchmacoy, Invercauld, Haddo House, Craigievar and 
Fintray, Fyvie Castle, and Gordonstone. Of these, the following have 
contributed special articles to the Spalding Club Miscellany, besides 
many illustrative charters : Gordon Castle, Burgh Records &c. of 
Aberdeen, Crathes Castle, Drum Castle, Whitehaugh, Auchmacoy, 
and Aberdeen University. But while the Collections at Gordon Castle, 
Aberdeen Burgh Registers &c, Castle Forbes, Aberdeen University, 
Cullen House, Auchmacoy, Invercauld, Haddo House, Craigievar and 
Fintray, Fyvie Castle, and Gordonstone appear to be reported upon 
with considerable minuteness and care by the Royal Commissioners, 
there is evidently much that remains to be done at Aboyne Castle, 
Dunecht, Crathes Castle, Drum Castle, Whitehaugh, and Duff House. 
Some of these are reported to be peculiarly rich in material for the 
history and pedigrees of Scotch families : such are the Collections at 
Gordon Castle, Aboyne Castle, Castle Forbes, Crathes Castle, White- 
haugh, Cullen House, Duff House, Invercauld, Haddo House, Craigievar 
and Fintray, Fyvie Castle, and Gordonstone. 

There are many other valuable repositories within the Northern 
counties that should still yield a rich harvest, although some of them 
have already provided selections to the Spalding Club. In Aberdeen- 
shire may be mentioned the Collections at Slains Castle, Keith-hall, 
Philorth, Monymusk, Castle Fraser, Leith Hall, Craigston, Meldrum, 



1/ 

Druminnor, Fettemear, Pittodrie, Cluny Castle, Strichen, Straloch, 
Brucklay, Parkhill, Wardhouse, &c. ; in Banffshire, at Forglen House, 
Montblairy, Troup, Ballindalloch, Park and Drummuir, Kinninvie, 
Letterfourie, Edingight, &c. ; and in Elgin, at Darnaway, Brodie, 
Dunphail, Duffus, Altyre, Gordonstone, &c. This list is far from 
exhaustive, and there are many others that will come into view as time 
permits investigations to be made. 

II. Kincardine and Forfar. — Keeping in view the compilation 
of Collections for the History of Angus and the Mearns, 
undertaken by the Rev. James Gammack, Aberdeen, and sanctioned by 
the Editorial and Acting Committees, your Committee have carefully 
enquired into the documentary resources of these counties. The following 
Charter-chests and Libraries have been examined and reported upon 
by the Historical MSS. Commissioners : — Panmure House, Brechin 
Castle, Glamis Castle, Cortachy Castle, Guthrie Castle, Blairs College, 
Montrose Burgh Records, Monboddo, House of Dun, Kinnaird Castle, 
and Arbuthnott House. To this may be added a reference to the 
papers at Buchanan Castle and at Ochtertyre, which are also reported 
upon, and contain numerous documents that bear upon the families 
connected with the Lindsays and the Keiths-Marischal : the Collection 
belonging to Mrs. Barclay Allardice is most valuable for many Kin- 
cardineshire families. The Spalding Club has published contributions, 
obtained from the following Houses : — Panmure House, Brechin Castle, 
Cortachy Castle, House of Dun, and Arbuthnott. The owners of these 
and others are willing to allow the Committee to use whatever is suitable 
among their muniments, and means will be adopted for definitely 
bringing the wants of this Special Committee before them. 

There is evidently an abundant supply of illustrative documents in 
the Collections already named, as well as in many old family Houses 
throughout the two counties, such as Aldbar, Airlie Castle, Balnamoon, 
Fotheringham, Guynd, Baldovan, Tealing, Anniston, Fettercairn, Fasque, 



i8 

Thornton, Dunninald, Brotherton, Usan, &c. The Town Records of 
Montrose, Brechin, Forfar, Arbroath, and Dundee are practically un- 
touched for this purpose, while in the Public Offices in Edinburgh 
there must be unlimited stores. 

From the enquiries made, as described above, the Com- 
mittee are fully convinced of the existence of a very large 
amount of most interesting and valuable information, suitable 
for the compilation of Volumes either as Antiquities or as 
Miscellanies. At the same time, however, it may be mentioned 
that, both south and north of the Dee, the ground has already 
been gone over for works now published by other literary clubs, 
though these works are more connected with Ecclesiastical 
objects than with those of Family History. Of such a character 
are the Registrum Episcopatus Aberdonensis, Registrum Episco- 
patus Mo?'<zviensis, Liber Pluscardensis, and Records of the 
Monastery of Kinloss, belonging to the three northern counties ; 
and the Registrum Episcopatus Brcchincnsis, Registrum de Aber- 
b rot hoc, Registrum Prioratus S u Atidree, Registrum de Pan- 
mure, Chart utary of Cupar Abbey, and History of the Carnegies, 
Earls of Southcsk, for the two southern. But these have not 
exhausted the field, especially in the direction that is contem- 
plated by this Committee. 

T. ALLARDYCE, C. 



SECOND REPORT BY THE EDITORIAL COMMITTEE 

(approved at the Meeting of the Acting Committee on Tuesday, 
5th July, iSS 7 ). 

The Editorial Committee, believing that it would interest the 
members of the Acting Committee, and of the New Spalding 
Club generally, to learn what further works, suitable for issue 
by the Club, are in progress, or are likely to be placed at their 
disposal, have pleasure in submitting the following Report : — 

5th. The Committee have gladly accepted the offer of a 
Monograph on the Emblazoned Ceiling of St. Machar's 
Cathedral, Aberdeen, the historical and literary part of which 
will be contributed by Principal Geddes, and the heraldic by Mr. 
Peter Duguid, Advocate. In connection with this, the Principal 
reports that the trustees of the late Mr. Andrew Gibb have 
offered to afford the Club the use of a volume of illuminations, 
executed by Mr. Gibb, containing the complete series of 
escutcheons on the ceiling, on certain terms and conditions, 
which appear to be very moderate and reasonable. The Editors 
wish to have the proposed book illustrated by reproductions in 
colour of these beautiful drawings ; also by sketches of the 
Cathedral as it now is ; of the ground plan ; of the heraldic ceiling 
as a whole ; of the fretwork connecting the roof with the walls ; 
and of the tomb of Bishop Gavin Dunbar, erector of the heraldic 
ceiling ; also by a photogravure of his portrait in the possession 
of the University. We cordially adopt these proposed additions 



to the volume, which bids fair, with such illustrations, to form 
one of the most attractive ever issued by any Book-Society ; 
and we hope that the Acting Committee may be able, when the 
time comes, to find that the finances of the Club admit of the 
work being brought out as soon as it is reported to be ready 
for the press, which is expected to be early next year. 

6th. We have also much satisfaction in announcing that the 
Rev. Walter Gregor, LL.D., Pitsligo, has in preparation a 
work on the Place-Names and Folk- Lore of North-Eastern 
Scotland, which he has placed at the disposal of the Club, and 
which we, as Editorial Committee, gladly accept. We consider 
that the Club is to be congratulated on the prospect of posses- 
sing a book which, there can be no doubt, judging by other work 
coming from the same source, will gain a permanent and even 
European reputation. 

"jth. Mr. George Burnett, LED., Lyon King-of-Arms, has 
consented to compile for the Club a volume on the ancient 
baronial Family of Burnett of Leys, amplified and illustrated 
by materials of great interest, existing in this country and on the 
Continent. Sir Robert Burnett, in the most liberal and gratifying 
manner, has consented to give the Lyon unreserved access to 
his family papers. At the hands of the last-named gentleman, 
as Editor, we need scarcely point out that we may look for a work 
peculiarly acceptable to our members. Mr. Burnett's letter will be 
before the Acting Committee, and we have no doubt that the 
very reasonable stipulations made by him will meet with their 
cordial sanction and approval. 



8th. We have, further, the pleasure to announce that Mon- 
signor Campbell — who is one of our members — has consented 
to edit for the Club the Register of the Scots College at 
Rome, of which ancient institution he is the Rector and Head, 
illustrated by historical and biographical notes, which Dr. 
Campbell is in all respects peculiarly well qualified to give. 
This work, we feel every confidence, will prove to be of no 
common interest, throwing light, as it cannot fail to do, not only 
on the lives of many distinguished men of Scottish origin, but 
on what is of high importance, historically, the intercourse 
between this country and the Papal See throughout the Middle 
Ages. From the cordial and courteous manner in which we have 
been met by those dignitaries of the Roman Catholic Church 
with whom we have been in communication, we are led to hope 
that, in the future, other volumes drawn from materials existing 
in this country — notably (as reported by our Ecclesiastical and 
Educational Committee in their Report of 12th January last) 
those deposited at Blairs, Buckie, and Edinburgh — may be 
brought out by the Club, illustrative of the history of the other 
Scottish Religious Houses of the Continent. The national 
origin of some of these has, we know, been matter of dispute ; 
but, though no doubt some were of Hiberno-Scotic foundation, 
they all, without exception, became Scottish — in the modern 
sense of the word — early in the Middle Ages. And among the 
recluses who found a home at Ratisbon and Paris, at Douai, 
Madrid, Valladolid, and other such retreats, we know that not a 
few had made their way, at one period or another of their lives, 
from North-Eastern Scotland, and also that among them were 



some who left names eminent in Religion, and not unknown in 
the Literature of their time. 

gth. It was recommended by the Committee on Burgh and 
Judicial Records, in their Report of 12th January last, that the 
first work to be taken up within their province should be a 
Calendar of the Letters in the Aberdeen Town House, 
1 433- 1 800, to be accompanied by a selection of the more in- 
teresting and important letters. They further recommended 
that the work of Calendaring should be entrusted to Mr. A. 
M. Munro. We willingly approve of both suggestions, and shall 
be glad to have the Calendar placed in our hands as soon as com- 
pleted, with a view to the selection of the letters to be printed. 

We find that Mr. W. Cramond of Cullen will be unable to 
have the manuscript of the work on which he is engaged — " The 
Annals of Banff" — in readiness for the consideration of the 
Committee before September of next year. Mr. Cramond 
expresses his strong sense of the courtesy which has accorded 
him access to the muniments at Duff House. He reports 
that a complete Calendar exists of the Charters, &c, &c, which 
form the extensive and multifarious collection there. It is 
worthy of consideration whether, with the permission of the Earl 
of Fife, a copy of that Calendar should not be obtained for the 
Club. As a work of reference, it might be both convenient 
and valuable. 

Communications have been before the Committee from the 
Rev. James Cooper, Dr. W. F. Skene, and Mr. P. J. Anderson, 
requesting its approval of certain illustrations to the books on 



' 2 3 

which, under the sanction conveyed in our First Report, they are 
now engaged. The desired illustrations are : — For the "St. 
Nicholas Chartulary, Part I." — Sketches of the interior of Colli- 
son's Aisle ; of the boss of St. Nicholas ; of the ornamentation on 
the old bells; of the exterior of the church prior to 1835 ; of 
the ground plan prior to 1750; of the old city seals; and of a 
page of the Chartulary. For the "Skene History" — Sketches 
by Mr. James Skene, of the houses of Skene, Halyards in Fife, 
Halyards in Lothian, and Rubislaw, and of Sir George Skene's 
house in the Guestrow; also of the "Skein" or dirk. For the 
"Marischal College Fasti, Part I." — Photogravures from por- 
traits of George, fifth Earl Marischal, by Jamesone ; of William, 
sixth Earl Marischal, by Jamesone ; of Principal Patrick Dun, 
by Jamesone ; and of Mr. Secretary Reid ; all four connected 
with the incunabula of the College, temp. Jac. VI : also a map, 
shewing those portions of the town of Aberdeen that are built 
on the crofts of the Grey, the Black, and the White Friars, 
which came into possession of the College. These applications 
had also been before the Acting Committee ; but such details 
being connected with works to be issued, certainly fall to be 
decided on by the Editorial Committee. We, however, willingly 
agree to them, as proposed. Principal Geddes states that the 
Senatus have consented to allow the portraits in their possession 
to be photographed. He was, however, not able to report that 
the Senatus could contribute, at all events at the present stage, 
to the expense of such reproductions. 

As regards the printing of the Chartulary, we regret to have 
to state that the Transcript which was made in 1846 for the 



24 

Spalding Club, and on which the Editor relied as his principal 
guide, has been found to be so imperfect and inaccurate as to ne- 
cessitate much unexpected labour in its collation with the original. 
This, unfortunately, will postpone the completion of the work 
for sometime. How long, we are scarcely, at present, able to say. 
We find also that from various causes Dr. Skene's volume will 
not be completed in so short a time as, at the outset, we were 
encouraged to hope. Both works are, however, making steady- 
progress, and are being sent to the press as fast as portions of 
the manuscripts are ready. 

We have been in communication with the Rev. Mr. Temple, 
St. Margaret's, Forgue, with reference to his work on the 
District of Formartine, which that gentleman had very oblig- 
ingly placed at the disposal of the Club. As, however, this 
work brings the history of Formartine down to the present time, 
and as the modern portion would be unsuitable for us to issue, 
Mr. Temple has elected to withdraw his offer, and to publish 
the book in the ordinary way, as he had originally intended. It 
would certainly have been unfair to expect that he should curtail 
or mutilate a book, the result of great industry and research, and 
one which will be of much interest to the general reader, merely 
in order to bring it within the limits suitable for the purposes of 
our Society. We must, at the same time, express our sense 
of the considerate and courteous tone in which Mr. Temple has 
conducted the negotiations with us. 

It will interest the members to learn that Mr. Lowe, the 
" Times " correspondent at Berlin, who has presented to the 
Club a copy of the brief sketch of Field-Marshal Keith by the 



German writer, Varnhagen von Ense, informs the Secretary that 
manuscripts exist in the Royal archives at Berlin which would 
be of service in the compilation of an exhaustive biography of 
that distinguished son of North-Eastern Scotland. He suggests 
that such a work would be peculiarly appropriate as one to be 
undertaken by the New Spalding Club. The same idea had 
occurred to several of our members, and the Rev. Andrew 
Chalmers, Wakefield, calls our attention to similar material pre- 
served in the Library of the University of Berlin. It is to be hoped 
that this proposal may bear fruit, and that a suitable editor may 
be found for a volume dealing not merely with the life of James 
Keith, but with the almost equally interesting though less-known 
career of his elder brother, George, the last of the Earls Marischal. 
Indeed a history of the Keith Family generally, giving authentic 
accounts of its many members who have gained distinction in 
different spheres of public life, would be singularly attractive in 
itself, and, we cannot doubt, would be received with much accept- 
ance by our members. 

C. ELPHINSTONE DALRYMPLE, C. 



REPORT BY THE COMMITTEE ON TOPOGRAPHY 
AND ARCHAEOLOGY 

(approved at the Meeting of the Acting Committee on Tuesday, 
5th July, 1SS7). 

Considerable delay has occurred in presenting a Report on the 
work of the Topographical and Archaeological Committee. This 
delay has arisen from the difficulty of devising a feasible plan 
for collecting material necessary for carrying out the work 
entrusted to the Committee. The other Committees have 
material in existence for the accomplishment of much of the work 
committed to them. This Committee has to collect the greater 
part of the material necessary for its work. The issue, as a 
Club publication, of a Handbook, in the form of a series of 
questions on the different subjects coming within the Com- 
mittee's province, was at one time thought of. This plan, after 
mature deliberation, was considered not adapted to bring about 
the wished for end. The Committee would now desire to place 
in short form before the members of the Club, and others that 
take an interest in the various questions under charge of the 
Committee, the kind of information needed, and to ask their 
help in collecting such. 

The attention of the Committee is directed chiefly to Topo- 
graphy and Folk-lore. 

The main object of Topography is a collection of the names 
of all places (within the bounds embraced by the Club), viz. : — 
provinces, parishes, mountains, hills, moors, mosses, farms, fields, 



27 

forests, caves, lakes, rivers, streams, wells, fords, bridges, roads, 
villages, churches, castles, old buildings, &c. Connected with 
many of these are legends and rhymes which should be care- 
fully chronicled. 

The branches of Folk-lore are numerous. Some of them 
are Superstitions, connected with great natural objects, as the 
Heavenly bodies, the Earth, the Sea ; with Trees and Plants ; 
with Animals: with Goblins; with Witches: Leechcraft; Magic 
and Divination ; Customs, both festival and ceremonial, e.g., 
Christmas and New- Year customs ; Birth, Marriage and Burial 
customs ; Games of all kinds, with their rhymes, if any ; 
Nursery tales; Ballads and Songs; Jingles, Nursery rhymes, 
and Riddles ; Proverbs and Sayings. 

The smallest scrap of information on any of these subjects 
is of value. Each one who knows, it may be but a single rhyme 
or riddle, is earnestly asked to commit it to writing, and send it 
to the Convener of the Committee. In writing out tales, 
rhymes, jingles, &c, the greatest care must be taken to give 
them in the exact words of the speaker. At the same time, the 
speaker's age, with place of birth and education, should be 
noted. All variants, however slight, should be collected. 

When received, each item will be assigned to its proper 
section, and when enough material has been collected, it will be 
carefully digested with a view to being issued as a volume or 
volumes to the members of the Club ; such a work having 
received the hearty approval of the Editorial Committee. 
Material has been already gathered relating to several of the 



subjects enumerated, but not sufficient to warrant the issue 
of an exhaustive volume on any one subject. 

As having an important bearing on the other or Archaeo- 
logical side of the Committee's duties, and on the primary 
object of the New Spalding Club — "to promote the study of 
the History of the North-Eastern Counties of Scotland" — it is 
desirable to obtain as complete a bibliography as possible of 
the materials in or relating to the district under survey, which 
are in any way calculated to elucidate and enrich its history. For 
this purpose, two things in particular have to be kept in view. 

In the first place, it is necessary to repair as far as is 
yet possible the oversight of our predecessors in failing to 
preserve, systematically, contemporaneous documents. As 
materials for history these are much more trustworthy and 
satisfactory than oral traditions or histories compiled some 
time after the events. In the second place, it is necessary that, 
with regard to the events of our own time, steps be taken to 
provide the future historical student with such full and faithful 
materials as can be procured. 

In carrying out the former of these objects, the effort should 
be to obtain the co-operation of as many workers as possible 
scattered over the length and breadth of the district, who 
may be willing to hunt up, and if possible secure, such written 
or printed documents, bearing on the history of our region, 
as have survived the accidents of time and the ignorance 
or indifference of their possessors. If this were done on an 
extensive and systematic scale, and especially if attention were 



2 9 

directed to the repositories of old family houses and farm-houses, 
there is reason to think that the results might be surprisingly 
satisfactory, and that documents of historical value, whose very 
existence is at present unknown, or little more than known, 
might be brought to light ; while, with regard to others, fuller 
and more accurate information might now be obtained. Should 
this fortunately prove to be the case, there can be little doubt 
that the possessors of such works will be ready to second the 
Club in its endeavour to have them duly recorded, and if possible 
placed where they can be easily accessible to present and future 
students. , In the case where for any reason the owners are 
unwilling to part with their property, it would be desirable to 
have, along with the strict bibliographical account of the works, 
an intimation of the owners' names, and such information re- 
specting the works and their authors as can be gleaned. 

In carrying out the second object above mentioned, the aim 
in the first place should be to encourage the preservation of 
local publications which have just ceased to be of present value 
and use, but as yet have not passed into the state of venerable 
dignity and worth. This is the crucial stage in the history of 
all published works, and in their passage through it many a 
volume disappears, of which the historical student has to mourn 
the loss. In the next place, in furtherance of the same object, 
a systematic effort should be made to record the current publi- 
cations of the day which have any literary or historic connection 
with the district. Under this designation are included not only 
books and pamphlets printed and published in it, or written by 
natives of it, though printed elsewhere ; but also such publica- 



tions as playbills, programmes of public ceremonies, civic and 
political squibs, and similar productions which are generally 
held to have only an ephemeral interest, but which, systematically 
collected and arranged, will be greatly valued by our successors 
for the interesting and valuable light they shed on the ideas, 
manners, and life of the day. 

It is an essential part of the scheme now proposed that a 
suitable repository be provided for the safe custody and con- 
venient exhibition of books or documents of the kind just men- 
tioned. Fortunately on this score there need be no difficulty, the 
establishment of a Public Library in the City of Aberdeen at 
once suggesting an appropriate and easily accessible home. 
Indeed, one of the objects which the Public Library Committee 
has in view is a collection of literature of the very kind now 
suggested, and it is gratifying to know that for that purpose it 
has already received several valuable gifts. For its successful 
building up, however, the sustained and united efforts of an 
organised body are required, and by none other could these be 
more appropriately supplied than by the New Spalding Club. 

Should the proposal now made meet with the desired support, 
there is reason to believe that, with time, sufficient material 
would be gathered to justify the publication of a Bibliography 
of the district within the view of the Club. This is a work 
which the Committee believes would have a permanent interest 
and value, and accordingly it begs to recommend that the Acting 
Committee should remit to the Editorial Committee to report on 
the desirability of such a book being included among the publi- 



cations contemplated by the Club. In the event of this recom- 
mendation being approved of, Mr. A. W. Robertson, Librarian 
of the Public Library of Aberdeen, has kindly offered to under- 
take the compilation of the work. To him, accordingly, all 
documents or other communications bearing on the subject 
should meanwhile be addressed, and the Committee trusts that 
a liberal response will be made by members of the Club and 
others. 

WALTER GREGOR, C. 



REPORT BY THE COUNCIL 

(approved at the First Annual General Meeting of the Club, on 
Thursday, 27th October, 1887). 

The Council have much pleasure in reporting that the affairs 
of the New Spalding Club are in a satisfactory state, and that 
its prospects are encouraging. 

Considering the short time the Society has existed, the 
number of applications for admission has been large, affording 
gratifying evidence that the taste for such objects as it was 
formed to encourage is very widely diffused. 

It will be in the recollection of members that, at the meeting 
on the nth November, 1886, at which the Club was constituted, 
the number of members was fixed at 400. That limit was 
reached within twenty-four hours afterwards, — and the applica- 
tions came in so fast that another meeting of the Club was 
called, for the 16th December following, to consider whether 
the membership might not be extended. It was then, after full 
discussion, fixed at 500. By the 22nd of December that further 
limit had been reached, and it may be noted that 61 members 
of the old Club, 19 of them original members, are of the 
number. There are now upwards of 40 candidates waiting for 
admission, who will come in according to priority of application. 

It will, we feel assured, give much satisfaction to the 
members to learn that Her Majesty the Queen has intimated 



33 

that she "will be happy to become the Patroness of the New 
Spalding Club." Her Majesty also becomes a subscriber. 

A list of the members will be given in one of the first 
volumes issued. 

The district over which the operations of the Club are to 
extend includes, primarily, the Shires of Angus, the Mearns, 
Aberdeen, Banff, Moray, and Nairn ; but, should suitable matter 
offer for volumes illustrating other portions of Northern Scotland, 
such material will not be rejected, if the acceptance thereof in 
no way interferes with the work of other Societies. 

On November 25th, the Council elected by the Club met to 
consider the future action of the Society, and six Committees 
were appointed to carry on different branches of the proposed 
work. 

No. I. — A Committee to manage the finance and general business of 
the Club ; to make arrangements for the printing and distribution of 
the works to be issued ; and to receive, and deal with, the reports from 
the other Committees. 

No. II. — A Committee to determine on the works to be issued by 
the Club, and to select the Editors. 

No. III. — A Committee to investigate the contents of Charter 
Chests, and other family and territorial records. 

No. IV. — A Committee to investigate the Municipal and Judicial 
Records of the North-Eastern Counties. 

No. V. — A Committee to investigate the Ecclesiastical and Educa- 
tional Records of the N.E. Counties, also the records of Scottish 
Educational and Ecclesiastical Institutions at home and abroad. 



34 

No. VI. — A Committee to investigate the Place-names, Folk-lore and 
general Topography and Archaeology of the N.E. Counties. 

The Committees have held several meetings since their 
appointment. It is proposed to print their reports, and to bind 
them with one of the first volumes issued by the Club. It is 
desirable that these Committees, whose duties have been 
generally indicated above, should as a matter of convenience 
be henceforth designated by the following shorter titles : 
No. I. Business Committee; No. II. Editorial Committee; 
No. III. Committee on Family History; No. IV. Committee 
on Burgh Records ; No. V. Committee on Church Records ; 
No. VI. Committee on Archaeology. 

The Committee on Burgh Records have in preparation an 
inventory of the documents under the charge of Town Clerks 
and Sheriff Clerks throughout the district. The Committee on 
Church Records propose to compile a similar list of the volumes 
in the hands of Synod, Presbytery, and Kirk Session Clerks. 

The Council wish to express their sense of the courteous 
and obliging manner in which the Society of Advocates have 
afforded within their premises a room, in which the meetings 
of the Council and its Committees are held, and where the 
books and papers of the Club can find accommodation. This 
arrangement is one of very great convenience to the Club, and, 
the Council feel sure, will be duly appreciated by the members, 
whose thanks the Council would be glad to have authority to 
convey to the Society of Advocates. 

It has been arranged to exchange copies of the works issued 
by the New Spalding Club for those of the Antiquarian Societies 



55 

of Scotland, Denmark, Sweden, and Norway, — also of the 
Scottish History Society. 

The Council would here offer to the Club their opinion 
that a select library of reference, for the use of the editors of 
their works, and of the members generally, to be composed 
of books bearing on subjects within the scope of its operations, 
would be a desirable addition to the working resources of the 
Society ; but this would, of course, entirely depend for its progress 
on our financial position, from time to time. 

A statement of that position, as it stands at present, will be 
submitted by the Treasurer, and will be seen to justify the issue 
of two volumes at an early date, in return for the first year's 
subscription.* 

I.— The first of these will be Vol. I. of the Chartulary of 
St. NICHOLAS, edited by the Rev. James Cooper, which, 
had our anticipations been realised, would have been 
delivered to members before this time. Reliance had been 
placed on a transcript of the Chartulary in the possession of 
the Society of Advocates, but, on examination, this transcript 
proved to be so full of errors that considerable delay in the 
issue of the book became unavoidable. This first volume will 
give the original text of the Charters, &c, and will probably 
be ready in January next. The second volume, to be issued 
in a subsequent year, will give a summary, or abstract, of 
each document, in English, with an historical introduction, 

* [The printing of a financial statement is deferred until payments shall have been made on 
account of the two volumes now passing through the press. The Treasurer reports that the 
amount of the first year's subscription has been received from every member on the roll, with 
two exceptions.] 



36 

in which will be embodied some very interesting notes and 
sketches by the late Mr. James Logan, contained in a 
volume also belonging to the Society of Advocates : a full 
index to the whole work will be appended. 
II.— Memorials of the Family of Skene, by the venerable 
Historiographer Royal of Scotland, William Forbes Skene, 
D.C.L., LL.D., will also, it is hoped, be issued early in the 
course of next year. Causes which could not be foreseen 
have, we regret to say, been the means of delaying this book 
also. 
Other works which are now in hand, and which, it is hoped, 
will carry on satisfactorily the sequence of our issues during the 
second year, are : — 

III. — A monograph on the emblazoned ceiling of St. Machar's 
Cathedral, Old Aberdeen ; the historical and literary portion 
to be contributed by Principal Geddes, LL.D., and the 
heraldic by Mr. Peter Duguid, Advocate, Aberdeen. This 
work will be illustrated by fac-similes of very beautiful 
illuminations by the late Mr. Andrew Gibb. 
IV. — The "Fasti" of Marischal College, being selections from the 
records of the College, with reproductions of portraits 
in the possession of the Senatus and others ; to be edited 
by our secretary, Mr. P. J. Anderson. 
There are also in reserve for future issue, and already com- 
menced, several works which promise to be of very considerable 
interest. They are : — 

V.— Collections for a History of the Shires of Angus and the 

Mearns, by the Rev. James Gammack, LL.D. 
VI. — The Folk-lore and Place-names of the North-Eastern Province, 
with notes thereon, by the Rev. Walter Gregor, LL.D. 



37 

VII. — A Histoiy of the Family of Burnett, by George Burnett, LL.D., 
Lyon-King-of-Arms. 

VIII.— The Register of the Scots College at Rome, edited by 
Monsignor Campbell, D.D., Rector of the College. 

IX. — A Calendar of the Correspondence (which is very voluminous) 
in the Town House of Aberdeen, with selections therefrom, 
by Mr. A. M. Munro. 

Other works to which the Council look forward as possible 
issues of the Club (to be edited by the gentlemen whose 
names are appended) are : — 

X. — The Annals of Banff, by Mr. William Cramond. 
*> XI. — A History of the Family of Forbes, by Mr. William Troup. 
XII. — The Book of Bon-Accord, revised and enlarged, by Mr. Alex- 
ander Kemlo. 
XIII.— A Bibliography of the Shires of Aberdeen, Banff, and Kin- 
cardine, by Mr. A. W. Robertson. 

Several further books are under consideration, e.g., Bar- 
bouriana ; Histories of the Families of Keith, Irvine, Gordon ; 
Muniments of the Friars of Aberdeen, &c. ; and others prospec- 
tively mentioned in the reports of the different Committees. 

'The various processes by which portraits, architectural 
drawings, &c, can now be reproduced, whether by permanent 
photography or photo-gravure, will render it possible to illustrate 
the works issued by the Club in a manner which the Council feel 
considerable confidence will prove satisfactory to the members, 
while the moderate expense will not press unduly on our finances. 



3« 

The Council continue to receive very gratifying assurances 
of assistance from those owners of important collections of 
historical and family papers to whom application has been made. 

GEORGE GRUB, C. 



TRIXTEn BY MILNE AND HUTCHISON, 

70 NETHERKIRKGATE, 

A'iEUDEEN.