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FRENCH • GERMAN • ITALIAN • RUSSIAN • SPANISH 



language Schools 


19 5 0 


MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE BULLETIN 


MIDDLEBURY, VERMONT 


Sesquicentennial Year 

Middlebury College celebrates the Sesquicentennial Anniversary of its founding 
in the fall of 195 0. The special exercises will include an Educational Symposium 
on Friday evening, September 29, with President Charles Seymour of Yale U nr 
versity as moderator. This will be followed on Saturday morning by the 150th 
Anniversary Convocation, when honorary degrees will be conferred on a number 
of distinguished guests. 

Middlebury College was indigenous, a product of 19th century democracy, 
financed from the thin purses of local citizens. A miller, two lawyers, a doctor, 
and a President of Yale University conceived the first plan for Middlebury College 
on the night of September 30, 1798. The miller was Gamaliel Painter, whose 
name the oldest college building in Vermont still bears; the laivyers, Seth Storrs, 
donor of the campus of the men's college, and Samuel Miller who entertained the 
group at this original meeting; the doctor, Darius Matthews; and the Yale President, 
the great Timothy Dwight. 

Some thirty log cabins and frame houses, surrounded by wilderness, comprised 
the settlement at Middlebury in 1 798. Ho road had yet been built to the pioneer 
village. The State of Vermont as a part of the Union was only seven years old and 
its Legislature still roved from town to town for its annual meeting. A church 
had not even been constructed. Still, the establishment of a college, as well as a 
grammar school, seemed imperative to these immigrants from Connecticut. 

It took two years to persuade the Legislature that the request for founding a 
college in this wilderness should be honored. A charter was finally granted on 
Hovember 1, 1800, and Jeremiah Atwater, a Yale graduate, was appointed 
President. Seven students were admitted the following day and Middlebury was 
under way. President Atwater and one tutor comprised the entire administrative 
and teaching stajf. Under them the first student was graduated in August, 1802. 

Greek and Latin were the core of the curriculum in those early years. M athe~ 
matics, history, geography, natural philosophy, astronomy, rhetoric, law, logic, 
metaphysics, and ethics rounded out a fouryear program. It is worth noting, how " 
ever, that a professorship of languages was established in 1810; German, French, 
and Hebrew were taught in the following decade; and the college encouraged a John 
B. Meilleur to open a private French School in the village in 1822 — long before 
most American colleges considered the modern languages worthy of inclusion in 
the curriculum. 


COVER: PAINTER HALL. BUILT IN 1815. IS THE OLDEST COLLEGE BUILDING IN VERMONT. 
IT BEARS THE NAME OF A FOUNDER AND FIRST BENEFACTOR OF THE COLLEGE. 


FRENCH GERMAN ITALIAN RUSSIAN SPANISH 


Middlebury College 
Foreign Language Schools 

SESSION OF 1950 


MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE BULLETIN 
Volume XLV March, 1950 Number 2 

Published by the Publications Department of Middlebury College eight times a year, at Middle- 
bury, Vermont. Entered as second-class matter at the Post Office, Middlebury, Vermont, under 
Act of Congress, August 24, 1912. 


Administrative Officers 




Dr. Stratton Dr. Freeman 

Samuel S. Stratton, Ph D., LL.D. President of Middlebury College 
Stephen A. Freeman, Ph D. Vice-President of Middlebury College 

and Director of the Language Schools 
Miss Margaret Hopkins, A. B. . Secretary of the Summer Schools 


TABLE OF CONTENTS 

Pa g e 


The French School 11 

(June 30 - August 17) 

The German School 29 

(July 3 - August 17) 

The Italian School 39 

(June 30 - August 17) 

The Russian School 49 

(June 30 - August 17) 

The Spanish School 


(June 30 - August 17) 


59 




The Middlebury College 
Foreign Language Schools 

SUMMER SESSION OF 1950 


History I he Middlebury College Language Schools were the pioneers 
in the development of segregated, specialized summer schools for the 
study of modern languages in this country. The German School was 
founded in 1915’ followed by the French and Spanish Schools in 1916 
and 1917 respectively. These schools represented a distinctive contribu- 
tion to educational progress in America, and quickly won for Middlebury 
an international reputation. In 1920, the Bread Loaf School of English 
was begun on a similar pattern. The German School was reopened in 
1931 and located in the neighboring village of Bristol. In 1932, the 
Italian School was added to the two other Romance Language units. 
I he Russian School was inaugurated in the summer of 1945. 

The Idea 1 hese schools stand for thorough training in a modern foreign 
language. They aim to give a mastery of the spoken and written language, 
and an intimate knowledge of the life, institutions, literature, history, 
and culture of the foreign country. Success hinges upon the consistent 
enforcement of the Middlebury idea — the segregation of students from 
contact with English; the concentration of the work of each student upon 
the foreign language; the exclusive use of the language in and out of the 
classroom; and the careful supervision and coordination of courses to 
meet the different needs of all students. Each school has its separate 
residences and dining halls and a faculty of native instructors. During 
the entire session, the foreign language is the sole medium of communication in 
work and play. From the day of arrival, students are pledged to speak the foreign 
language. 

Objectives Throughout their history, the schools have been devoted 
to the intensive preparation of teachers of languages. They have also 
shared in preparing men and women for foreign commercial or govern- 
mental contacts, and for participation in the new international organiza- 
tions, both political and cultural. All those for whom understanding, 
speaking, reading, and writing a foreign language is of primary impor- 
tance, will find at Middlebury ideal conditions for the pursuit of their 
special objectives. The fundamental ideal of the Language Schools of 


Middlebury College I angudfrc Schools 


3 


Middlebury College is to help prepare Americans for a durable peace 
and real international cooperation, based on an understanding of our 
cultural heritage and the thought processes of our neighbors in a small 
world. 

Academic Status The quality of instruction offered at the Middlebury 
Schools is well known. As compared with foreign travel or study, a 
summer session here is more economical, provides courses better suited 
to the needs of American teachers, and gives an uninterrupted and in' 
tensive training which is not found in foreign institutions. At the same 
time, such study furnishes the indispensable preparation for later travel 
in the foreign land. The summer of 1 949 brought students from forty-two 
different states and three foreign countries, including Arizona, Arkansas, 
California, China, Georgia, Iowa, Louisiana, Mississippi, Oregon, Texas 
and Washington. Two hundred fifty-six colleges and universities were 
represented. Seventy-nine per cent of the students held degrees, and 
twenty per cent held the Master’s degree or the Doctorate. The majority 
of the students are candidates for advanced degrees. Seventy-one Master’s 
degrees and two Doctorates in Modern Languages were awarded in 
August, 1949. 

Location The Middlebury Language Schools are located in a lovely 
Vermont countryside, at the foot of the Green Mountains, and about 
twenty miles from Lake Champlain. The French, Italian, Russian and 
Spanish Schools occupy the campus of Middlebury College, founded in 
1800 and still one of the most charming of New England colleges. The 
life of the German School centers around the quaint village green of 
Bristol, twelve miles away and nearer the mountains. The summer climate 
is delightful, with clear dry breezes and cool nights. Students treasure 
the memories of many scenes of Vermont mountains and forests; the valley 
of the winding Otter, Lake Dunmore in its hollow among the hills; the 
Adirondacks, pink in the morning sun, or the eastern range growing 
purple in the twilight. 

Atmosphere The schools endeavor to make everything in the life of a 
student during his stay contribute as effectively and as pleasantly as pos- 
sible to the mastery of the language. Similarity of aim among students 
fosters good comradeship and an esprit de corps; while constant association 
with instructors at the dining tables, in songs and games, on hikes and 
picnics, no less than in the classroom, brings both inspirational and intel- 
lectual stimulus. Any language pursued under such conditions quickly 
becomes a subjective element in the life of a student. A high ratio of 
instructors to students is maintained, approximately one to eight. 


•I 


Middlebury College 


Recreation No college in the East otters more attractive opportunities 
for out-of-door recreation than are found at Middlebury in summer. The 
program of studies is so arranged as to leave late afternoons and week- 
ends free. Groups of students frequently spend an afternoon at a lake side 
or hiking in the mountains. Unusual opportunities are afforded by the 
Battcll Forest of 1 3,000 acres, belonging to Middlebury College. Week- 
end hiking parties on the celebrated Long Trail of the Green Mountains 
have been popular. Swimming may be enjoyed at Lake Dunmore, or at 
Bartlett’s Falls in Bristol. The tennis courts on the college campus are 
reserved for the use of students. There is a golf course within walking 
distance. Good automobile roads provide opportunity for trips into rural 
Vermont, to Lake Champlain, Lake Dunmore, Mount Mansfield, Ti- 
conderoga, Ausable Chasm, the Adirondacks, Lake Placid, Lake George, 
and the White Mountains, any of which can be visited in a day’s trip. 

Admission Students may enter without examinations and without 
being candidates for degrees. No student will be admitted, however, 
unless his qualifications are approved by the Dean, and the right is re- 
served to place all students in the classes best suited to their advancement. 

The schools are essentially graduate schools; and the courses are gen- 
erally of an advanced nature, requiring advanced preparation and real 
linguistic ability. Preference for admission will be given to teachers of 
the language, or graduate students preparing to teach. A few undergradu- 
ates with a serious purpose may be accepted if they are recommended by 
their professors as having adequate preparation. 

J\[o student will be admitted to the schools unless he is able and willing to use 
only the foreign language, during the entire session, even in the individual dormitory 
rooms. This rule, which has become a cherished and unique tradition of 
the schools, and which is a fundamental of the Middlebury method, goes 
into force from the moment the student enrolls. Students may, of course, 
ase English in their dealings with the people of the village, but even in 
these cases, students must not speak English to each other. This rule 
holds good for all picnics and excursions. At the opening of the schools, 
each student will be required to sign a formal statement, pledging his word 
of honor to observe this rule. The Dean reserves the right to dismiss from 
the school students who willfully break it. Only the Director or the 
Dean may grant temporary release, upon occasions which may warrant it. 

If, even after the opening of the school, a student is found to be unable 
to comply with the rules of the school, and to follow a program of courses 
with profit, the administration reserves the right to request him to with- 
draw and to refund the fees paid. 


5 



Language Schools 


Cooperation All the Middlebury Language Schools maintain the closest 
cooperation with each other. An enrolled student may audit any courses 
in his own school. If, by reason of his proficiency, he receives the consent 
of the Deans of both schools, he may also audit courses in another school 
without charge, or he may enroll for credit in courses in another school 
on payment of a fee. It should be noted that because of the distance in' 
volved, such arrangements are difficult between schools on the Middle' 
bury campus and the German School at Bristol. 

All the schools share the use of the general Phonetics and Pronunciation 
Laboratory located in Hillside Cottage. In class groups or individually, 
students have access to the most up'to'date equipment for speech record' 
ing on acetate discs or tape or wire, electric playbacks with earphones, 
and separate practice rooms. The laboratory is open at regular hours, 
in charge of a technician and assistant. 

Credits Students who desire credits must indicate that fact when they 
enroll, and, if candidates for a Middlebury degree, they must present 
evidence of their qualifications before their work will be counted. An 
official transcript will be issued upon written application to the College 
Registrar. No certificates will be given for attendance, nor to students 
who do not take the final examinations. Not more than six credits may 
be gained in one summer by an undergraduate, and not more than eight 


View of Lower Campus 



6 


Middlebury College 


credits by a graduate student. (Seepages 23, 36, 43, 57, 68.) A graduate 
student must receive a grade of “B” in a course in order to obtain credit 
for that course. The undergraduate passing grade is “C,” subject to the 
regulations of the student’s own college. One credit is equal to one 
semester hour. Each summer course meeting daily grants two semester 
hours of credit. 

Examinations In each school the last days of the session are devoted to 
final examinations. They are required of students who desire credits, 
transcripts, or recommendations, anci it is very advisable that all should 
take them. The New York State written Examination for Approval of 
Oral Work is given at Middlebury early in August. 

The Master’s Degree Candidates for the Master’s degree must hold a 
baccalaureate degree from some approved college. To obtain the degree 
of Master of Arts at Middlebury College, thirty credits are necessary. 
Twenty of the thirty credits must be earned at Middlebury College. 
Thirty credits may be gained by proficient students in four summer ses~ 
sions. Students with six or more credits accepted from other institutions 
may complete their work for the Master’s degree in three summers. 
Students desiring to transfer graduate credits earned at other institutions 
should send the transcripts to the dean of their school before the opening 
of the session. Study in a foreign country in approved summer courses may 
be counted toward the M.A. degree from Middlebury; each individual 
case must be approved by the dean. Six credits may be allowed for an 
equivalent of ninety hours of class exercises followed by examinations. 
Six credits is the maximum allowed for a single summer session of foreign 
study. Twenty credits must be earned in the major language; ten may be 
earned in related subjects approved by the Dean. Students desiring to 
count credits taken at Middlebury toward degrees to be secured else- 
where should obtain permission to do so from the institution to which 
they wish the credits transferred. Degrees are conferred in August or at 
the commencement following the completion of the work. A fee of $15 
is required for the diploma. 

The Degree of Doctor of Modern Languages Middlebury College 
also offers, through the Language Schools, the advanced degree of Doctor 
of Modern Languages (D.M.L.). The main requirements are a thorough 
knowledge of a major language, its phonetics, philology, and literature; 
two minor languages; the equivalent of a year’s resident study beyond 
the Master’s degree; a year of study in a foreign country; and a thesis. 
A separate leaflet will be sent on request, giving full details concerning 
enrollment, study requirements, examinations, and the thesis. 


I anguage Schools 


1 


Offices The offices of the President and Vice-President of the College, 
and the Summer Schools Office are on the third floor of the Old Chapel. 
The office of the Director of the French School is in East Forest Hall, 
and that of the Dean is in Le Chateau. The office of the Director of the 
Spanish School is in Hepburn Hall, and that of the Dean is in Old Chapel, 
fourth floor. The office of the Director of the Italian School is in the Sigma 
Phi Epsilon House. The office of the Director of the German School 
is at tne Bristol High School. The office of the Director of the Russian 
School is in Hillcrest Cottage. 

Living Accommodations At the French, Italian, Russian, and Spanish 
Schools on the Middlebury campus, students are accommodated in the 
college dormitories or fraternity houses and board is provided by the 
college. All rooms are completely furnished by the college; blankets, 
sheets and towels are supplied. Arrangements for personal laundry may 
be made after arrival, with the matrons of the halls of residence. No 
accommodations for married couples are available in the halls of residence. 

At the German School at Bristol, students are accommodated in private 
homes near the school; board is provided at the Bristol Inn, which is also 
the center of the school’s social life. Rooms are completely furnished; 
bedding and linen are supplied. 

1 here is a graduate nurse in residence on the campus, holding regular 
office hours, and on call at all times in case of emergency. 

Opening of the Session The French, Italian, Russian and Spanish 
Schools at Middlebury will open the session of 1950 on Friday, June 30, 
and will continue until August 17. August 14 and 13 will be taken for 
final examinations. Classes are conducted five days in the week. The 
houses of residence will open to receive students on Friday, June 30, and 
lunch will be served at 1 2: 30 p. m. No guests can be received earlier. All 
houses will close after lunch, Thursday noon, August 17, and no guests 
can be accommodated after that time. 

The German School at Bristol will open its session on Monday, July 3, 
and will continue until August 17. The opening exercises will be held 
Monday evening, July 3. The houses of residence will be open to receive 
students on Monday, July 3, and the first meal will be served at 6:30 
p.m. No guests can be received earlier except by special arrangement. 
All houses of residence will be closed after breakfast, Thursday, August 
17, and no guests can be accommodated after that date. 

Enrollment ol Students It is important that immediately upon arrival 
students should consult the Director or Dean of their school in regard to 
the definite selection of courses. The Deans will be at their respective 


8 


Middlebury College 


offices from 9 a. m. to 12m., and from 2 p. m. to 5 p. m. on the enroll' 
ment days. After this consultation, the students should enroll, and pay 
all bills to the Treasurer. 

Fees The administration reserves the right to make any changes without 
notice in courses, staff, living arrangements, etc. The following informa' 
tion about fees should be carefully noted: 

trench, Italian, and Russian Schools Rates in these schools vary according to the houses 
of residence and single or double occupancy of rooms. The inclusive fee for registration, 
tuition, board and room will be from $2*75 to $310. 

German School Rates will vary from $280 to $290 depending on single or double 
occupancy of rooms. 

Spanish School A uniform charge of $290 covers registration, tuition, board and room. 

Registration Fee Each applicant who is accepted will pay a $33 registration fee. 
This fee will be applied to the student s total bill and an applicant is considered officially 
registered only when he has paid this fee. The fee will be refunded if notice of cancels 
tion is received by the Secretary of the Summer Schools before May 15; after May 15 
no refund will be made. Money should not be sent until the secretary requests payment. 
Rooms are assigned only to officially registered students; therefore, a room deposit is 
not required. All payments should be made in checks or money-orders, not cash; and the 
name of the student for whose account payment is made should be clearly indicated. 

Flon'Residcnt Students The tuition fee for students rooming outside is $140. Such per- 
sons may be boarded in the dining halls, if there is room for them. 

Auditors All courses in a school are open to auditing at any time by members of that 
school, or to members of another of the Language Schools on permission of the respective 
Deans. Visitors in Middlebury, not members of a school, may be permitted to enroll as 
auditors in one of the Language Schools, on payment of the fee of $15 a week or $60 for 
four or more weeks. All such auditors are not entitled to take part in class discussions, 
nor to receive the attention of the professor. Auditors are entitled to attend social events 
and evening entertainments. To enroll as a regular member of a course, a student must 
pay the full tuition charge. 

Late Enrollment All students are required to enroll and pay all fees not later than the 
first day of instruction. Enrollment after that day will be accepted only by special 
permission secured in advance from the Dean, and will be subject to a fine of $3.00 for 
the first day and $1.00 additional for each day late during the first week of classes, 
after which no enrollments will be accepted. Rooms reserved for students will not be 
held for them after the second day of instruction unless special permission has been 
secured in advance from the Dean. 

Other Middlebury Schools A student enrolled in one of the Language Schools may, with 
the consent of the Deans of both schools, audit courses in another school without charge, 
or enroll for credit in courses in another school on payment of a fee of $15.00 per course, 
payable at the end of the first week of instruction. 

Transcript Fees One official transcript of a summer’s work will be issued without 



Language Schools 


charge on written request to the College Registrar. A fee of $1.00 is charged for each 
additional transcript. 

Refunds Owing to fixed obligations for service, instruction, and maintenance, persons 
arriving late or leaving school before the close of the session must not expect reimburse' 
ment of any charges for the unconsumed time. No allowances will be made for weekend 
absences. 

Veterans Veterans may attend the Language Schools in accordance with the educa' 
tional benefits of the G. I. Bill of Rights. The cost of tuition will be paid directly by 
the Government; room and board charges will be paid by the veteran. If a veteran wishes 
to enroll, he should apply immediately fora Certificate of Eligibility from his local Veterans 
Administration Agency. He should make sure that the certificate states clearly that it 
is issued for use at Middlebury College in the specific school for which he has been 
accepted. This certificate must be presented on or before enrollment day if the student 
expects to have the cost of his tuition paid by the Government; otherwise, he should 
come prepared to pay his own tuition bill. Married veterans living in town must pay 
the registration fee, but it will be refunded after the opening of the school, if their 
papers are in order in the Treasurer’s Office. 

Guests In view of the fact that the college facilities are very crowded, it will not be 
possible to accommodate guests of students during the session or at Commencement. 


Daniel M omet of flic Sorlumiie receives an honorary degree. Left to right, are: Pres. Stratton, Dr. 
Mornct, Dr. Guillotou, and Dr. Freeman. 



l o MiJJlcbury ( 'ol lege 

i 

Payments A student’s entire bill is payable at the opening of the session. Students are 
urgently advised to avoid unnecessary delays and inconvenience by bringing all money 
for fees, board, and lodging, etc. in the form of money orders, express checks, or cashier’s 
checks on an accredited bank. Checks should be made payable to Middlebury College. 

Self-Help For scholarships and opportunities for service, sec pages 25, 38, 46, 38, 70. 

Student Mail In order to insure prompt delivery of their mail, students 
in the French, Italian, Russian and Spanish Schools at Middlebury should 
have all mail addressed to the house of residence to which they are as- 
signed. German School students should have mail sent in care of the 
German School, Bristol, Vermont. 

Railroad Routes Middlebury can be reached from New York City or 
Boston by the Rutland Railroad. Students leaving New York or Boston 
in the morning will arrive in the afternoon. Night trains leaving New 
York or Boston arrive in the morning. Students on the route of the Dela- 
ware and Hudson can make connections with the Rutland Railroad at 
Rutland, Vermont. Students from the West reach Middlebury via the 
New York Central, changing at Albany, N. Y., and Troy, N. Y. 

German School stiiifoits should buy tickets and check baggage to New 
Haven, Vermont, the next stop north of Middlebury. Advance arrange- 
ments should be made with the Dean of the German School for transporta- 
tion from New Haven to Bristol. 

Correspondence Further information about admission, courses, self- 
help and scholarships may be secured by writing to the Dean of the school 
concerned. Correspondence concerning room reservations, fees, requests 
for catalogs, and questions of a general nature should be addressed to the 
Secretary of the Summer Schools, Middlebury College, Middlebury, 
Vt., indicating which school is referred to. 


Ecole Francaise 

(From June 30 to August 17) 



W ith the 1950 session, the French Sum' 
mer School will mark the 35th annr 
versary of its foundation. As in every summer 
since 1916, it will endeavor to maintain the 
very high standards upon which its reputa' 
tion is solidly built. 

The School is happy to announce the ap' 
pointment as its Visiting Professor of M. 
Gaetan Picon, one of the leading younger 
critics in France today and co'editor of an 
important new edition of Balzac’s works. 
The coming session will be placed sous 
le signe de Balzac” since 1950 is the 
hundredth anniversary of the death of 
the great French novelist. Professor 
Picon’s course will explain the man 
and his most important works, while 
Madame Picon, a professor of history, 
will teach a course dealing with the 
historical and social background of Balzac s novels. 

Other features of the session are: the appointment of Professor 
Cha mail lard from the University of Bordeaux, and Professor Ieyssier, 
former Director of the Institut franqais au Portugal; the return of Mile 
Bruel, Mile Leliepvre, M. Coindreau and of most of last year’s faculty. 


The Staff 

VINCENT GUILLOTON, Director. 

Ancien eleve de 1 ’ Ecole Normale Superieure; Agrege de 1 Universite, 1921; Chevalier 
de la Legion d’Honncur; Member of the League of Nations Secretariat, Interpreting and 
Translating Section, 1920; PreciS'Writer to the Advisory Jurists Commission, World 
Court, The Hague, July 1920; on staff, Umv. of Syracuse, 1921-23, Smith College, 
1923-29; Professor, 1929 — Shedd Professor of French, 1949 > Summer Quarter, 

Umv. of Chicago, 1929; Conferencier general de 1 Alliance frangaise, 1 9 37 “ 3 ^ • 
formerly, President Boston Chapter, Am. Assn, of l eachers of French; Middlebury 
College French Summer School, 1932; Assistant Director, 1935, 3^* 39 » 4 1 43 > 4^: 
Acting Director, 1937, 40, 44, 45. 

Author of articles in Rcime anglo'amcncfliiic, Moilcni Language Notes, French Rerieir, Smith 
College Studies; Contributor to the Columbia Dictionary of Modern European Literature. 



rrcnch Summer School Faculty and Staff of 1949 
Mr F Freei^n W: ^ '° R ' gbt) M Chadourne ' M Bonnerot. M. Bourcier, M. Guilloton, Mme Guilloton, M. Fouchet Nlme Moussu, 

MlLX^con-an Mu'eV^rT' ' M ‘“ Cranda11 ' ^ Bertrand ’ Tourtebatte, M.ss Emgarth Mile de Commaille Mme Fourel, 

MlI H R DR UM t‘ SS C 4? 5 w t ' er ' w r n F c m u’ L ""“ t ; M I > Bo ? r ^f h ; ^ssJefiFnes, Miss Douglass, Mile Huncbuchler, M. Pargment, 
Mile Rev. Mile Tamm, M. Marty, Mile Stahl, M. Guiet, Mr. Kimball, M. Delattre 

MlSS Abbott ’ M Mlchel Gullloto ". Mlle Fourel, Mr. Douglas, M. Valette, M. Chalufour, M. Bieber, M. 



The French School 


13 


GAKTAN PICON 

Visiting Professor 

CLAUDE L. BOURCIER, Dean. 

Agrege des lettres, 1935; Ancicn eleve de l’Ecole Normale Superieure, 1932-35; 
Diplome d’etudes supericures, 1934 (Memoire: Lc Sentiment religiem et I’apport etranger 
dans \cs chants “spirituals” du negre amtricain); on staff, University of Maine, 1935-36; 
Middlebury College, 193-]—; Professor, 1946—; Visiting Lecturer, Umversite de 
Montreal, Feb. -March, 1945; Directeur d’etudes, Middlebury Collece Graduate 
School of French in France, first semester, 1949-50, Middlebury College French 
Summer School, 1936, 38— ; Acting Dean, 1945. 

Contributor to the Columbia Dictionary of Modern European Literature. 

GAETAN PICON, Visiting Professor. 

Agrege de philosophic, 1938; Professeur au Lycee de Bordeaux, 1940 44; Lycee 
Charlemagne, Paris, 1946—; Critique et conference; Membre du Conseil National 
de la Recherche Scientifique, 1944-46. 

Author of: Andre Malraui, 1946; Georges Bcrnanos, 1948; Panorama de la nouvelle 
litterature fran$aisc, 1950. A paraitre: Introduction d I’estlietique de la litteraturc; Lectures 
(the first volume of a series of critical studies). Articles in many French and foreign 
magazines, Confluences, Fontaine, etc. 

MAX BELLANCOURT. 

Licence'eslettres; Diplome d’etudes supericures; Certificat de phonetique du 
frangais et de l’anglais, London University College; on staff, Colleges et Lycees 
franqais; Somerville College, Oxford; Un vers ty of Manchester; Lecturer, City Lit' 
erary Institute, London, 1945; Asst. Lecturer in charge of Phonetics, London School 
of Economics, 194"]; Director of French Studies, Broadstairs YMCA College, 1947 
Middlebury College French Summer School, 1948, 50. 



VINCENT GUILLOTON 
Director 




Middlebury College 


'4 


MME JACQUELINE MARTHE BERTRAND. 

Licence de phonetique, 1921; Professeur a l’lnstitut de phonetique, Umversite de 
Grenoble; Cours speciaux (phonetique et grammaire) pour etudiants etrangers, 1921- 
3 1 , etes 1932, 33; on staff, Dana Hall School and Pine Manor Junior College 1 932 37- 
St. Margaret’s School Waterbury, Conn., 1937-39; The Spence School,' 1939-49! 
Convent of the Sacred Heart, 1949 -; Middlebury College French Summer School 
1 935 - 47 > 49 — 


KONRAD BIEBER. 

Licence^esdettres, Paris, 1938; on staff, various schools and lycees in France, 1041- 
47 ; The Brearley School, New York City, 1948; New York University, Hunter 
College, The City College of New York, 1948; Yale University, 1948 — ; Middlebury 
College French Summer School, 1949 — . 

MLLE ANDREE BRUEL. 

Licence'esdettres, 1914; Diplome d’etudes superieures, 1916; Docteur de 1 ’Uni' 
versite de Paris, 1929; on staff, Holloway College, Surrey; Wellesley College 1 927- 
44; Professor, 1944—; Middlebury College French Summer School, 1933, 37> 39, 


PIERRE H. CHAMAILLARD. 

Agrege de 1 Universite, 1923; Victor E. Chapman Fellow, Harvard Univ., 1920- 
30; Directeur d’etudes, St. Andrews’ Univ. French Summer School, 1946- Charge 
d enseignement a la Faculte des Lettres, Bordeaux, 1945- (Chaire de Litterature et 
Civilisation Amencaines); Charge de cours a l’lnstitut d’Etudes Politiques; President 
de 1 Association des Professeurs de Langues Vivantes de Bordeaux; Middlebury College 
rrench Summer School, 1930, 32, 33, 50. 

Author of: L'Epmwc d’anglais, 1945; Lcs Romans de Thornton Wilder, 1946; articles in: 
Kcinic anglo-americainc, L cs Langues modernes, French Review, etc. 


MAURICE COINDREAU. 

Professor of French Literature at Princeton University; Agrege de LUmversite; 
Licencie en droit; Ancien membre de 1 'EcoIe des Hautes Etudes Hispaniques (Madrid); 
critique Iitteraire de France- Amcrupic; Conferencier general de 1 Alliance Franqaise 
1936 - 37 ; Visiting Professor, Mills College, 1936, 1937, 1944. Middlebury College 

rrench bummer School, 1938, 40, 41, 45, 46, 48, 50. 

Author of: La Farce cst jouec, 1942; Quadrille americai 11, 1945; Apcryis dc litterature 
amcricainc, 1 945; A French Composition Book, 1925; An Alternative French Composition Book 
1936; both with L. F. H. Lowe. Editions: A. de Lorde, Trois Pieces d’ipouvantc i93 4 : 
Contes ct n ouvcl lcs d temps present, with J. R. Loy, 1941. Translates: J. Dos Passos’ 
Mmiluiltm, Transfer, 1928; E. Hemingway, V Adieu aux Amies, 1932; Lc Scleil sc leveaussi, 
1 933 ; W t-aulkner, Tandis quej’agomsc, 1934; Luinicrc d'aout, 1935; Le Bruit et la Fureiir, 
1938; E. Caldwell, Lc Petit Argent J.i Bon Die.., 1936; La Route ai 1 t abac, 1937, I. Stein- 
beck, Des souris ct des homines, 1939; W. L. Willkie, Lc Monde cst un, 1947; Emery 
Reves, Mamfcstc democratique, 1944; W. Maxwell, La Feuille regliee, 1948; T Capote 
Lcs Domaincs nantes, 1949. 1 * 


MISS LOUISE CRANDALL. 


M.A Middlebury College, 1929; Ecole de Preparation, Sorbonne, 1930-31; 
nstitut de Phonetique, Summer, 1933; Cours de Civilisation, Sorbonne, Summer, 
1937; on staff, New Castle public schools, 1921-30; Training Teacher for Teachers, 


rhe Fraiili School 


*5 


Westminster College, 1924-30; Head of French Dept., New Castle High School, 

* 9 2 5 ~ 3 °; Great Neck High School, 1931 ; Middlebury College French Summer 

School, 1939-42, 44 — 

HUBERT DEFROMONT. 

Agrege de l’Universite; on staff, Wandsworth School, London, 1946; Lycee de 
Limoges, 1946-47; University of California at Los Angeles, 1947-49; Director 
UCLA summer Session in Paris, 1949; Harvard University, 1949 — ; Middleburv 
College French Summer School, 1950. 

PIERRE C. DELATTRE. 

Baccalaureat-es-lettres, Umvers.tes de Lyon et Paris; Diplome de Phonetique, 
Institut de Phonetique, Paris; Ph D , University of Michigan, 1936; on staff, Wayne 
University, 1925-40; University of Oklahoma, 1941-47; University of Pennsylvania, 

1 947 * Assoc. Editor, The French Review, 1939 — » Special Editor, Waster’s Dictionary 

1940—; Contrib. Editor, Books Abroad, 1941—; Middlebury College French Summer 
School, 1941 , 43 — . 

Author of: L<i Durec dcs voyelles en frauds; Pnncipes de phonetique fraitfaise; An Introduction 
to Trench Speech Flabits; Lcs Difficult es phonetiques du fran^ais ; Articles in French Review, 
Maitrc phonetique, Francis moderne, Modern Language Journal & FJotes, PMLA, American 
Speech, Books Abroad, Hispania, etc. 


MARC DENKINGER. 

a x N f atU i it ® cla f sic I ue ' Geneve, 1914; Licence-es-lettres, Umversite de Geneve, 1918; 
A.M Harvard, 1925; PhD., 1928; Modern Language Master, Westgate-on-Sea ’ 
England, 1920-21; on staff. Brown University, 1922-23; Harvard, 1924-27 M I T 
1926-27; Yale, 1927-29, University of Buffalo, 1929-34; Asst. Prof., University of 
Michigan, 1934—; Middlebury College French Summer School 1928— 

Author of articles in Modern Language Holes, PMLA, French Review; Translation: Howard 
Fast, Citizen Tom Paine. 


MLLE MARIE-ROSE GANTOIS. 

Baccakureat-es-lettres, 1945; Licence-es-lettres, Rennes, 1949; Teaching-Assist- 
ant, Mt. Holyoke College, 1949—; Middlebury College French Summer School, 1950 

RENE GUIET. 

Licence-es-lettres, 1924; M. A. , University of Illinois, 1921; Docteurde I Umversite, 
Paris, 1936; Fellow University of Illinois, 1919-20; on staff, 1921-25; Hunter 
College 1926-27; Assoc. Prof., Smith College, 1928—; Pennsylvania State French 
Summer School, 1 930-42; A. S. T.P. , Hamilton College, Summer, 1943; Middleburv 
College French Summer School, 1925, 44, 45, 4-7 — . 

puh th c r t r iV ,TC c Fra,, “‘ th Gluck a la R “' oluti< ” 1 (1774-1790); articles in 

PMLA, Smith College Studies, Modern Language Footes. 


MME MADELEINE GUILLOTON. 

e Licence-es-lettres, 1918; M.A., University of Syracuse, 1919; on staff, University 
of Syracuse, 1919- 20, 21-23; Smith College, 1923-31; Assoc. Prof., 1931—; Profes- 
seur a I Alliance frangaise, Pans, Cours dete, 1920, 21; Middleburv College French 
oummer School, 1932, 35, 37 — , 0 

MLLE JEANNE HUCHON. 

Licence'esdettres, 1942; Diplome d etudes superieures, 1943; on staff, Lycee de 


Middlebury College 


16 


Versailles, college de St. Nazaire; Columbia University Scholarship, 1946; Instructor, 
Skidmore College, 1947-48; Middlcbury College, 1949—; M.ddlebury College 
French Summer School. 1950. 


MLLE MARIE-ROSE HUNTZBUCHLER. 

Brevet superieur; Certiiicat d'aptitude pedagogique; M.A. , Brown University , 1 92H, 
on staff, Wheaton College, 1924-28; Asst. Prof., 1 928-45; Summer Session, lulls 
College, 1944; Cours speciaux pour I'armee americaine, Paris, 1945 46; Cours pour 
les etrangers, Sorbonne, ete 1947; Queens College, 1948- ; M.ddlebury College 
French Summer School , 1929—32, 4 ^ 


MLLE FRANCE LANGLOIS. ,, , ,, 

Baccalaureat-es'lcttrcs, Aix; Ccrtificats de licence; Ccrtihcat d aptitude peda- 
gogique; on staff, College de Grasse, 1944-45; College modernc de Nice 1 946 49; 
Assistant, Smith College, 1949 -; Middlebury College French Summer School, 1950. 


MLLE MADELEINE LELIEPVRE. , f „ . , . . 

Agregee des lettres, 1925; Fellow of the Laura Spclman Rockefeller Memorial, 
1.925-26; on staff, French Colleges, 1916 -24; Ecole Normalc Superieure de Sevres, 
1924 25; Lycee de Bordeaux, 1926 -36; Visiting lecturer, Vassar College, 19 2 9 3 °> 
56-40; Sarah Lawrence and Bennington Colleges, 1940-41 ; Head Mod. Lang. Dept., 
St. Lawrence Umv., 1941 ; Middlebury College French Summer School, 1930, 31, 

31 - 39 ~ 4 2 > 44 ~ 4 6 - 5 °- 

FERNAND MARTY. . _ _ c 

Brevet superieur, 1940; Certiiicat d'aptitude pedagogique, 1942; A.tJ., B.8., 
Jacksonville College, Ala., 1947; Cours speciaux pour I'armee americaine, 1942-45; 
Professcur au College tie Louviers, 1945 46; on stafl, Jacksonville College, 194 47 > 

M.ddlebury College, 1947 ; Middlebury College French Summer School, 1948—. 


MICHEL MOHRT. .... 

Ecrivain et conferencicr; Docteur en droit, Rennes; Secretaire du 1 rix Stendhal , 
Conscillcr litteraire, editions Laftont, 1944 46; editions Varietes, 1946 47; on stall, 
Yale University, 1947-48; Visiting Professor, Mills College, Summer Session, 1948; 
Visiting Professor, Smith College, 1950; Middlebury College French Summer School, 

1 9 Author of: Its Ii.tcllcct.icls francs dcea.it la defaitc dc 1870; Montherlant, U.me litre; 
Lc Rcpit; Men Rayaiimc pour mi cheeal, 1949; articles dans La N.R-F., XXc Steele, Magas 111 
du spectacle, Gazette des lettres, La Bataille, La fable raitde, etc. 

MME GEORGETTE MONNOT. , „ . . 

Brevet superieur; Certiiicat d’etudes superieures de Phonetique; Attachec a 1 Institut 
de Phonetique, Umvcrsite de Pans; Professeur aux cours speciaux d ete de la Sorbonne, 
1929 38; Cours speciaux pour I’armee americaine, 1945 4 ^ > Cours dc 1 Institut 
Britannique, 1949; Cours de Civilisation fran^aise, Sorbonne, 194 1 C 49 ; Visiting' 
Professor, Ohio State University, 1949-5°: Middlebury College French Summer 
School, 1950. 

MME LEONTINE MOUSSU. . 

Brevet superieur; Attachec a l’lnstitut de Phonetique, Umversite de Paris; OHicier 
d'Academie; grande medaille d’argent de 1 Alliance lran(;aise; Professeur a Eco c 
pratique de 1 ’ Alliance fran<;aisc, 1919-28; aux Cours d ete de 1 ' Alliance franqaise; aux 


The French School 


il 



Normandy comes to the French Club classroom. 


Cours speciaux dete dc la Sorbonne, 1929-33; a I'Institut Britanmque, Pans; Cours 
speciaux pour l'armee americaine, Pans, 1918-19, 45-46; Cours de Phonetique, 
Oxford University, session de Paques 1946; Cours de civilisation franchise, Sorbonne 
1946 48; Smith College Junior Year in France, 1948—; Middleburv College French 
Summer School, 1934-39, 46 — • 

Author of: Juneau-Moussu, Phonetique ct diction; Records for O'Brien & Lafrance First 
Year French. 


MME GENEVIEVE PICON. 

Agregee d'Histoire et Geographic, 1942; Profcsseur dans les Lvcees de Bordeaux 
1 942-44; Lycees de Pans, 1946—; Middleburv College French Summer School, 1950' 

MLLE MAUD REY. 

Brevet superieur; studied at the Sorbonne and Umversite Catholique, Pans' also 
with J. Copcau, Iheatrc du Vicux-Colombier, and C. Dullm, Theatre de I'At’elier 
Pans, 1921-22; Lecturer and Dramatic Reader, 1922-26; Director of French 
Dramatics, and Lecturer in French Diction, Brvn Mawr College, 1934-4-. Head of 
F,„nc D-. Ballwin School B™ Maw,,' | 3 p tJ' ° 

Middlebury College, 1948-49; M.ddlebury College French Summer School, 1935 

MLLE GENEVIEVE STAHL. 

Licencc-es'lettres, Grenoble; Directrice de Jardm d’enfants, Grenoble 1042-46 
Instructor in French, Mt. Holyoke College, 1948—; Middleburv College French 
bummer School, 1949 — . 1 


1 8 


Middlebury College 


PAUL TEYSSIER. , , , T , r , 

Agrege de l’Universite, 1939; Ancicn eleve de l’Ecole Normale Supeneure; Prcr 
fesseur au Lycee de Tulle, 1940-41; Directeur des cours de civilisation fran^aise de 
l’lnstitut franqais au Portugal, 1942-44; Directeur de l’lnstitut franqais a Porto 1944- 
47; detache a la Direction generate des Relations culturelles, 1947— ! Professeur aux 
cours de Civilisation de la Sorbonne; a 1 Ecole de Preparation des Professeurs ,de 
franqais a l’etranger; Middlebury College French Summer School, 1950. 

PIERRE THOMAS. 

Diplome d'ingenieur de l'Ecole Centrale des Arts et Manufactures, Paris, 1924; 
Graduate Fellow, Middlebury College, 1927-28; on staff, University of Oregon, 
1928-29; The Arizona Desert School, Tucson, 1929-42; Assoc. Prof., Cornell Uni- 
versity, 1942-46; French Correspondence Courses, Bethel, Me., 1946-49; Visiting- 
Professor, Mount Allison Univ., N. B., 1949—; Middlebury College French Summer 
School, 1927 — . 

Administrative Staff and Auxiliary Personnel 

Miss Alice Benjamin, M. A. , Middlebury Coll.; in charge of Librairie. 

Mlle Micheline Benoit, Diplome d etudes sup.; Asst, in Phonetics Center. 

Miss Joyce Carleton, A.B., Mt. Holyoke Coll.; Sec’y of the French School. 
Winbourn S. Catherwood, A.B., Univ. of the South; Sec’y to the Dean. 

Mme Simone Chamaillard, Bacc.-es-lettres; Asst, in Conversation courses. 

Miss Rachel Chaiipentier, Secretary to the Director. 

James R. Douglas, B.A., Brown Univ., M.S.M.; Organist and Canllonneur. 

Michel Guilloton, Aide to the Director. 

Lawrence D. Kimball, M.A., Middlebury Coll.; Asst, in Dramatics. 

Mlle Paulette Latouche, Licence-es-lettres; Asst, in Phonetics Center. 

Mlle Madeleine Poirier, Diplome d etudes sup.; Asst, in Phonetics Center. 

Alain Prevost, Aide to the Dean. 

Mlle Marion Tamin, M.A., Columbia Univ.; in charge of Phonetics Center. 


DAILY COURSES 
A. Language 

Directeur d’etudes, M. Guilloton 

11. ADVANCED FRENCH STYLISTICS. 

The purpose of this course is to impart to advanced students a hner feeling for French 
style, a sense for shades of expression, a mastery of certain difficulties not discussed in 
more elementary courses. Theoretical lessons in stylistics; advanced exercises in transla 
tion. Strictly limited to twenty students. 8:00 M. Guilloton. 

12. ADVANCED COMPOSITION. 

A course intended for students who, having a good knowledge of French, have not 
yet mastered certain peculiarities of grammar and other difficulties of the language. 
Translation from English into French of texts of increasing difficulty; class discussions; 
study of important points of grammar. Each section limited to twenty students. 

8:oo, 9:00, 10:00 MM. Chamaillard, Defromont. 


The French School 


19 


13. COMPOSITION AND ADVANCED GRAMMAR. 

Designed to train students in the use of correct French. Grammar is reviewed in the 
light of actual usage and abundant practice is provided in writing. 

8:00, 9:00, 11:00, 12:00 
MM. Guiet, Bieber, Bellancourt, Mlle Huntzbuchler. 

14. INTERMEDIATE COMPOSITION AND REVIEW GRAMMAR. 

A thorough and systematic review of syntax and the fundamental principles of 
grammar, for less advanced students. (Undergraduate credit only.) 

8:00, 9:00, 10:00, 11.00 
MM. Guiet, Bieber, Bellancourt, Mlle Huntzbuchler. 

15. FREE COMPOSITION. 

Practical direction in the writing of original compositions. Emphasis on the organiza' 
tion of ideas, order and clarity, and the elements of style. Students will submit 
essays for correction. Open to students with a good knowledge of grammar. Limited 
to fifteen students. 8:00 M. Teyssier. 

16. OLD FRENCH. 

The language spoken in France during the Middle'Ages as known through medieval 
literature. Discussion of the general linguistic principles involved in the development of 
its phonology, morphology and syntax from the classical Latin period to the Renaissance. 

2:00 M. Teyssier. 

Note: A written test will be given early in all the Language Courses. According to 
the results of this test, students will be assigned to the proper section of the course in 
which they registered, or to another course in this group. 


B. Phonetics and Diction 

Directeur d’etudes pour la phonetique, M. Delattre 
Directeur d’etudes pour la diction, Mme Moussu 

21. (LABORATORY COURSE IN EXPERIMENTAL PHONETICS.) 

Omitted in 1950. 

22. ADVANCED PHONETICS. 

Aims to teach students, who already have a good knowledge of phonetics and whose 
pronunciation is sufficiently correct, the pronunciation accepted among cultivated 
French people, and to give them a practical method of teaching phonetics to their own 
pupils. References to the scientific theory of phonetics with a view to its practical 
application. 8:00, 9:00, 10:00 M. Delattre, Mmes Moussu, Bertrand 

23. INTERMEDIATE PHONETICS. 

A continued study of practical phonetics, with its application to personal pronuncia' 
tion. Correct formation of French sounds; sounds in isolation and combination; oral 
exercises and ear training. 8:00, 9:00, 10:00, 11:00, 12:00 

M. Delattre, Mmes Moussu, Bertrand, Monnot. 

24. ELEMENTARY PHONETICS. 

The beginnings of a scientific training in French pronunciation, based on phonetics. 
Methodical comparison of English and French sounds. For students who have never 


20 


Middlcbury College 


studied phonetics, or who have never attacked the problem of their pronunciation in a 
scientific manner. (Undergraduate credit only. ) 8:00,9:00, 10:00, 11:00, 12:00 

M. Marty, Mmes Bertrand, Monnot. 

25. DICTION, INTONATION, ELOCUTION. 

Intended to complete the work done in phonetics and should not be taken without a 
good knowledge of phonetics. Aims to impart, not an artificial pronunciation, but the 
expressive and musical shading for French diction, used in ordinary conversation as well 
as in public reading or speaking. 9:00 10:00, 11:00 Mme Moussu, Mlle Rey. 
Notes: 

i . In all Phonetics and Diction classes, placement tests will be given at the begin' 
ning, and each section will be limited to fifteen students. 

2. In all Phonetics and Diction classes, intensive oral training will be given through 
the use of phonograph recordings, and all students will be expected to make extensive 
use of the facilities of the Phonetics Center (see page 24). 

C. Methods and Professional Training 

31. (THE TEACHING OF FRENCH.) 

Omitted in 1950. 

->3. FRENCH CLUB ACTIVITIES. 

The organization of a successful Cercle Fran^ais, and the practical problems con- 
nected with it: creating and maintaining a French atmosphere, stimulation of student 
interest, research and utilization of suitable material: songs, games, dramatizations, 
photographs, slides, films, etc. Typical programs worked out in full. 

Textbooks: Le Cerclc Frangais, by Ruth C. Morize; Le Cerclc Francis, by R. P. Jameson. 

10:00 Miss Crandall. 

Note: The students in this course, as well as all the students of the School, will have 
access to the facilities of the Realia Collection, and are urged to consult Miss Crandall, 
in charge of the Collection, about special problems and needs (see page 24). 

D. Literature and Civilization 

Directeur d’etudes, M. Guilloton 

41. BALZAC AND THE “COMEDIE HUMAINE.” 

After a general introduction to Balzac, the man and his work, the course will study 
in more detail a few of his novels, with two objectives. First it will attempt to de' 
lineate Balzac’s contacts with the world of his time, the social and economic realities, 
the philosophical and political theories, and the prevalent techniques of fiction-writing 
of his day. Secondly, it will try to penetrate further into the essence of Balzac’s own 
world, by examining the myths, the philosophical dimensions, and the technical re' 
sources of his incomparable creation. The conclusion will briefly trace Balzac’s in- 
fluence and literary posterity. 11:00 M. Picon. 

44. FRENCH CIVILIZATION IN A CHANGING WORLD. 

The various geographical, historical, economic, social, and cultural elements that 
make an understanding of France and its civilization possible will be examined in the 
light of the many problems which France has yet to meet, faced as she is with the 
challenge of a fast changing world. 9:00 M. Bourcier. 


The French School 


21 


45. FRANCE IN BALZAC’S TIME. 

The course will study the main political events of the first half of the 19th century, 
the economic, social, intellectual and moral evolution at a time when French society 
was undergoing a radical change in structure and outlook, which is reflected in the 
works of Balzac. 9:00 Mme Picon. 

46. CONTEMPORARY FRENCH THEATRE. 

The principal aspects of dramatic activity in France from 1900 to the present day. 
Thcdtres du boulevard, Theatres subvcntionnes , Scenes d’ avant-garde. A study of a few plays 
chosen among those which best represent present tendencies. Outside readings, class 
discussion, written reports. 10:00 M. Coindreau. 

47. REGIONALISTIC LITERATURE. 

The course will study eight French provinces or regions, and will attempt to show, 
with examples, the intimate relationship between the facts of physical geography 
(landscape, climate, etc.), those of human geography (historical development, eco- 
nomic activity, folklore, artistic and cultural life, etc.), and the contemporary literary 
productions which reflect them all. 12:00 Mme Picon. 

49. THE “PERSONAL JOURNALS” IN THE NINETEENTH AND 
TWENTIETH CENTURIES. 

A study of the “personal journal” type of writing, from Stendhal to Gide, with 
special emphasis on the psychological and historical value of such “confessions.” 
Benjamin Constant, Delacroix, Vigny, Baudelaire, Jules Renard, Barres will be among 
the authors examined. 12:00 M. Mohrt. 

51. STUDIES IN THE CONTEMPORARY NOVEL. 

A careful study of the present day movements and tendencies in the French novel. 
The authors studied will include Duhamel, Mauriac, Romains, Giraudoux, Malraux, 
Camus and Sartre. Readings and lectures, supplemented by a detailed examination of 
a few representative works through critical discussions and analyses. 

10:00 M. Mohrt. 

57. FRENCH COMEDY FROM MOLIERE TO BEAUMARCHAIS. 

The principal comedies of Moliere and his 18th century successors will be read and 
discussed. Stagecraft, the material conditions of the theatre of the period will also be 
studied. 12:00 M. Denkinger. 

58. THE RENAISSANCE AND ITS GREAT WRITERS. 

An analysis of the Renaissance as it expressed itself in the works of the leading 
authors of France in the sixteenth century. A careful study of the writings and ideas of 
Rabelais, Ronsard, du Bellay, d Aubigne, Montaigne and Calvin. Discussion of literary 
tendencies, outside reading, written and oral reports. 9 00 M. Coindreau. 

59. LIFE AND LITERATURE OF THE MIDDLE AGES. 

The aim of this course is to acquaint the student with the civilization and literature 
of medieval France up to the beginning of the Renaissance. After an introduction deal- 
ing with the general spirit of the period, the various literary productions of that age 
will be studied in modern French versions. 10:00 Mlle Bruel. 

63. EXPLICATIONS DE TEXTES. 

Reading and interpretation^ French texts, according to a method extensively used 


22 


Middlebury College 


in French universities. Demonstrations and criticisms by the instructor, written prepara- 
tion and oral practice by the students. Short passages from representative authors will 
be chosen for detailed analysis. 8:oo Mlle Bruel. 

Note: All students, especially doctorate candidates, who arc working on a problem 
of literary research or any other academic project, should not fail to profit by the in- 
dividual guidance offered by the school staff. Personal interviews and consultations 
will be arranged with members of the staff who specialize in the same field. 


E. Oral Practice 

Directeur d’ etudes, M. Thomas 

74 ADVANCED ORAL PRACTICE AND SELF-EXPRESSION. 

Carefully selected groups, limited to ten students, for intensive training in oral 
practice and self-expression. A detailed program arranged for each hour; prepared 
discussion on assigned subjects, with definite vocabulary preparation. (Required for 
the Master’s degree.) 9:00, 10:00, 11.00 Mme Guilloton, Mlle Leliepvre. 

75. CONVERSATION AND VOCABULARY. 

A systematic course, based on a daily two-hour plan, for students who understand 
French readily but need to gain confidence and efficiency in speaking. The students will: 
1. attend a required general meeting, for a thorough study of the topics and materials 
to be used the next day in the practice sections; 2. in these sections, carry on actual 
conversation on the topics and with the material presented on the preceding day. 
(Undergraduate credit only.) General meeting at 8:00 M. Thomas. 

Sections, 9:00, 10:00, 11:00, 12:00 
Mme Chamaillard, Mlles Gantois, FIuchon, Langlois, Rey. 

76. ELEMENTS OF ORAL PRACTICE. 

A systematic course based on the aural-oral method, for students unaccustomed to 
hearing or speaking French. The students will: 1. listen to specially-made records and 
take from dictation the topics and materials to be used in their oral practice, the next 
day; 2. converse, in small sections, on the topics and with the material gathered by 
them on the preceding day. (Undergraduate credit only.) 

General meeting at 2:00 M. Thomas & Assistant. 
Sections, 9:00, 10:00, 11:00 M. Thomas, Mlle Stahl. 
Note: Enrolment in all Oral Practice courses is on a tentative, probationary basis. 
At the end of the first week, or before, students will be assigned to the proper course, 
according to their ability. 


LIFE IN THE SCHOOL 

Use of French J\[o student will be admitted unless he is able and willing to use 
only French at all times, during the seven weeks of the session. Each student, when 
admitted, will sign a formal statement, pledging his word of honor to observe this 
rule. The school reserves the right to refuse admission, at the opening of the session, 
to any student who fails to satisfy this basic requirement, and to dismiss, at any 
time, students who willfully break the rule. (See page 4.) 


The French School 


2 3 


Credits Two credits will he allowed for each course, unless otherwise 
indicated. All courses carry graduate credit, except Courses 14 (Inter' 
mediate Composition), 24 (Elementary Phonetics), 75 (Conversation 
and Vocabulary), and 76 (Elements of Oral Practice). All courses carry 
undergraduate credit. (See page 6.) Courses 11 (Stylistics) and 12 
(Advanced Composition) may with the consent of the Dean be taken a 
second summer for credit, since the material of the courses is varied each 
year. 

Requirements for Degrees Candidates for the Master’s degree must 
pass, before the completion of their work, one advanced course at least 
in each of the following subjects: Language, Phonetics, Methods, Litera' 
ture, Civilization and Oral Practice. Courses 12, 23, 31, 74 and two 
courses in Group D, one of literature and one of civilization, satisfy 
these requirements. Students who transfer credits for equivalent courses 
taken elsewhere may request release from the corresponding require' 
ments. (For the D.M.L., see page 6.) 

Admission All persons wishing to be admitted as fully'enrolled stu' 
dents must file an application blank, to be obtained from the Office of 
the Dean, or the Secretary of the Summer Schools. Undergraduates must, 
in addition, submit an official transcript of their latest grades from the 
institution where they are studying, and have letters of recommendation 
from their professors sent directly to the Dean. 

Cpnsultations The entire staff of the school is at the disposal of all 
students for consultation and advice. Regular consultation hours by every 
member of the staff will be announced early in the session, and students 
are urged to take advantage of this unique opportunity. 

French Libraries The constantly expanding collections of French 
books, in the College Library and the Chateau, enriched in 1938 by a 
very generous gift from the French Government, contain close to 10,000 
volumes dealing with all phases of French study, — language, literature, 
history, civilization, art and teaching methods. 

Bookstores General supplies, dictionaries, textbooks and school edi- 
tions published in this country can be purchased at the College Bookstore, 
in the Student Union. La Librairic fran^aisc, in Pearsons Hall, attempts to 
reproduce a bookshop in France, handling French classics and reference 
works, but specializing in contemporary novels, poetry, drama, and 
non'fiction. 


2 4 


Middlebury College 


Realia Collection A unique collection of illustrative material pro- 
vincial costumes, models of regional houses and furniture, dolls, santons, 
Guignol accessories, children’s books, illustrated magazines, language 
games, railway posters, postcards and photographs of all parts of France, 
also extensive hies of other suggestions, and appropriate addresses — is 
on display at Pearsons Hall, where it may be consulted during regular 
daily hours. 

Phonetics Center The scientific equipment for the study of pronuncia- 
tion and diction is assembled in a coordinated unit on the ground floor of 
Pearsons, known as L c Centre dc Phonetique. It consists of a recording 
machine, magnetic wire recorders, individual booths with electric pho- 
nographs equipped with ear-phones, and a large collection of recordings. 
It is open during regular dailv periods, with trained assistants in charge, 
to aid students in their work. Consultations can also be arranged with 
members of the phonetics staff, for individual coaching, and correction 
of recordings. 

Other Equipment All the teaching equipment of the school is excep- 
tionally complete. In addition to the Phonetics Center and the Realia 
Collection, the school is well supplied with wall and relief maps, charts, 
stereopticon and opaque projectors, silent and sound moving picture 
projectors, together with large collections of slides on French geography, 
and the history of French art and period styles. Extensive use is made of 
mimeographed material, each class being supplied with outlines, syl- 
labi, bibliographies, and special exercises, free or at nominal cost. 

Weekly Program On Tuesday evenings, and occasionally on other 
evenings as well, at 8:oo in the Gymnasium, there will be special lectures 
by the Director, the Visiting Professor, and others. 

The Friday evening plays, presented by the Faculty, and preceded by 
the community singing of folk; songs, will continue to be an important 
feature of the School life. For the singing, Chantons un peu, by R. M. 
Conniston, Odyssey Press, will be used; students should bring tneir own 
copy. There will be frequent concerts of chamber music on Sunday even- 
ings by guest artists. A series of foreign language moving pictures will be 
arranged for Wednesday evenings. 

Chapel services in French are held every Sunday morning at 10:45 in 
the Mead Memorial Chapel. They are not obligatory, but all persons 
interested are invited to attend. Strictly non-denominational, they con- 
sist of readings from French religious and spiritual writings, and auditions 
of religious music, instrumental and vocal. The large vested choir will 
continue to be a feature of these services. 


The French School 


2 5 


Dormitory Life All the dormitories of the school are in fact French 
Houses, since French is the only language used. Each dormitory is under 
the supervision of the Dean, through appointed hosts and hostesses, 
responsible to him for order in the building and for the development of 
a spirit of informal friendliness. 

Forest Hall Forest Hall, one of the newest and finest dormitories on 
the campus, is built of native stone in colonial style; all rooms are single. 
Attractive reception rooms, parlors, and dining rooms accommodate all 
the students living in the building. The office of M. Guilloton and the 
faculty club room are also located here. 

Le Chateau The identifying feature of the French School, and a 
cherished landmark of the campus, le Chateau was inspired by the 
Pavilion Henri IV of the Palace of Fontainebleau. The grand salon is at' 
tractively furnished in period furniture and decorated with beautiful 
late XVIIth century portraits, a recent gift of Mr. James Hazen Hyde of 
New York City. The Chateau also houses the tasteful petit salon , two 
classrooms, a library, and the offices of the Dean. 

Other French Houses Completing the main quadrangle of the French 
School are Pearsons Hall, a white marble building or colonial design 
which commands a beautiful view in all directions, and Battell Cottage. 
Painter Hall, the oldest college building in Vermont, now completely 
remodeled, has attractive single and double rooms. All over the campus, 



Ro.sine. — “Comme le grand air fait plaisir a respirer .” (Le Barbier de Seville, A etc I, Scene 3.) 



26 


Middlebury College 


shaded grounds adequately provided with lawn furniture make for 
pleasant out-of-doors study. 

Dining Halls Four dining halls serve the French School, one in Battell 
Cottage, two in Forest Hall and one in the Chateau. The students gather 
at tables for seven or nine, each table presided over by a member of the 
staff. Students and teachers rotate according to a fixed schedule, enabling 
all to get better acquainted. 

OTHER INFORMATION 

Scholarships For the summer of 1950, twenty-five scholarships of 
seventy-five dollars each are available, to be awarded on the basis of 
need, merit, and scholastic promise. Application blanks may be obtained 
from the Dean, and must be filed before April 15. The awards will be 
announced about May 1. 

Grateful acknowledgement is made of the following special scholar- 
ships, made possible through the generosity of friends of the French 
School: two James Richardson Scholarships, established by Mrs. James 
Richardson of Providence, R. I.; the Stella Christie Scholarship, estab- 
lished by Mrs. C. C. Conover of Kansas City; the Berthe des Combes 
Favard Scholarship, given by the Cercle Franqais of Chicago; scholar- 
ships by generous anonymous donors; and an unspecified number of 
French Government Scholarships. 

Self-Help Another way in which students may assist in defraying 
their expenses is by waiting on table in the French dining halls, or 
working in the kitchens that serve the school. Remuneration will vary, 
depending on the type of work done, but will, in any case, cover the 
expense of board. Application blanks may be obtained from the Dean, 
and must be filed before April 15. Appointments will be announced 
about May 1 . 

Arrival Beginning Friday morning, June 30, students will be met at 
the train by a representative of the French School, who will direct them 
to taxis and assist them with arrangements for luggage. As soon as pos- 
sible, students should report to the Chateau to enroll for their courses, 
and to receive other information. (See also pages 7 and 8). Enrollment 
will take place on Friday, June 30, and Saturday, July 1. 

I’he first official assembly of the French School will be held on Sunday 
evening, July 2, at 8:00 at the Gymnasium. All students are required to 
attend. Classes begin at 8:00 Monday morning, July 3. 


The French School 


2 7 


Winter Session The attention of the students is called to the fact that, 
during the regular academic year, the French Department of the College, 
with a faculty almost entirely native French, offers a program of regular 
and special graduate courses leading to the Master’s degree. The rule of 
speaking only French is maintained throughout the year. Students may 
enter in the fall term, and combine their work with study in the Summer 
School 

Placement Service Both the French Summer School and the French 
Department maintain an active file of offers of teaching positions and 
make their service available to students without charge. Special blanks 
for teachers seeking positions will be sent on request. 

Correspondence Correspondence concerning courses, credits, degrees, 
admission to the school, scholarships and self-help should be addressed 
to the Dean of the French Summer School, Le Chateau. 

Correspondence concerning rooms, fees and other general information 
should be addressed to the Secretary of the Summer Schools. 

Correspondence concerning the winter session should be addressed to 
the Head of the French Department. 

Correspondence concerning the Graduate School of French w France should 

be so addressed. .. 

All correspondence should further bear the mention, Middlelmry College, 

Middlcbury, Vermont. 



Old Stone Rou> 


The Graduate School of French 
in France 


With the aid of a grant from the Carnegie Corporation Middlebury 
College inaugurated last year a Graduate School of French in France. 
A selected group of forty-five American graduate students is now study- 
ing in France under this plan. They are spending the academic year on a 
coordinated program of advanced instruction on French linguistics, 
phonetics, literature, history, fine arts and social institutions. These 
courses are followed in the various institutes or other divisions of the 
University of Paris. The students work under the close guidance and 
supervision of a resident representative of Middlebury College. At the 
close of the year, final examinations are administered under his direction, 
and the successful candidates receive the Middlebury Master of Arts 
degree, in addition to any French certificats or diplomes which they 
may be able to earn by their enrollment in the French schools. 

A preliminary summer of preparation at the Middlebury French Sum- 
mer School is required, and only those who prove themselves qualified 
are allowed to enroll. Members of the group are treated as mature grad- 
uate students. They make their own arrangements for transportation 
board and room, with the advice and guidance of the Middlebury Di- 
rector The director facilitates worthwhile social contacts, and assists 
their plans for travel, visits to museums, and attendance at theaters and 
“ncens. Each member is officially enrolled as a graduate student at 
Middlebury College, and pays his tuition fee to the college; this covers 
all enrollment, examination, and other academic fees in France. 


rcachcrs of French or graduate students who are interested in this plan 
are invited to write for the complete bulletin containing detailed in- 
formation on the program and costs to: 

MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE GRADUATE 
SCHOOL OF FRENCH IN FRANCE 

Stephen A. Freeman, Director 
OLD CHAPEL, MIDDLEBURY, VERMONT 




Deutsche Sommerschule 

(From July 3 to August 17) 

the middlebury german school is the forerunner of all the Middle 
bury Language Schools. It was founded in 1915 on the initiative 
of Miss Marian P. Whitney, former head of the Ger- 
man Department of Vassar College, and of Miss Lilian 
L. Stroebe of Vassar who was its director until 1918. 

When the school reopened in 1931, Pr°~ 
fessor Ernst Feise of the Johns Hopkins 
University was appointed Director and 
the School was removed to the neighbor- 
ing village of Bristol in accordance with 
the Middlebury principles of isolation and 
concentration. Here, every student is 
merged into an intimate academic and 
social circle, in which German is the sole 
medium of communication. Upon the retire- 
ment of Dr. Feise in 1948, Dr. Neuse, 
Dean of the School since 1932, was ap- 
pointed Director. 



The Staff 

WERNER NEUSE, Director. , 

Universities of Berlin, 1918-23 and Giessen, 1929-30; Teachers College, Co 
lumbia University, 1928-29. Ph.D. Giessen, 1930. Studienreferendar and Studies 
assessor at various schools in Berlin, 1923-27. University of Wisconsin, Instructor in 
German, 1927-28; Hunter College, Instructor in German, 1928-29; Studienrat, 
Berlin-Neukolln, 1930; University of Wisconsin, Instructor in German, 1930-31. 
New York University, Instructor, 1931-32. Middlebury College, Associate Professor, 
1932-1942, Professor, 1942—. The Middlebury College School of German, 1931- 

BAYARD QUINCY MORGAN, Visiting Pro/cssor. 

Trinity College, Conn., A. B., 1904; University of Leipzig, 1904-07; Ph. D. , Leip' 
zic, 1907. University of Wisconsin, Department of German, successively Instructor, 
Assistant Professor, Associate Professor, Professor, 1907-34; Stanford University, 
Department of German, Professor and Executive Head, 1934-48. Professor Emeritus 

at Stanford, Calif., 1948 — . . . _ , n , 

Publications (selection): Introduction to German (with Eduard Prokosch), Holt, 
1923 German Frequency Word Book, Macmillan, 1928. Neues Deutsches Lieder 
buch (with A. R. Hohlfeld and Max Gnebsch), Heath, 1931. Minimum Standard 
German Vocabulary (with Walter Wadepuhl), Crofts, 1934^ Critical Bibliograp v 
of German Literature in English Translation, second ed., Stanford Press, 1930. Read' 
ing German (with F. W. Strothman), Ginn, 1944. German Literature in British 



u crman School r acuity oj 1949 

Fms T Row: (Left to Right) Mrs Jordan, Mr. Sell, Mrs. Sell, Mr. Neuse, Miss Cohn, Mr. Schirokauer 
Second Row. Mr. Politzer, Mr. Tiller, Mr. Steuihauer, Mr. Lenel, Mr Sundermeyer. 



The German School 


3 ' 



WERNER NEUSE BAYARD QUINCY MORGAN 

Director Visiting Professor 


Magazines (with A. R. Hohlfeld and others), Stanford Press, 1949. 14th Centurv 
MHG translation of passages from the “Summa Theologica'' of Thomas Aquinas, ed. 
with Latin original, notes, and double glossary (with F. W. Strothman), Stanford 
Press, 1950. 

NORBERT FUERST. 

University of Wurzburg, 1928-33; Ph.D. 1934. Studienassessor, Gymnasium 
reising, 1 93 3 35 » St. Louis University, 1936-40, Stanford University, 1943-45; 
University of Wisconsin, 1945-47; Associate Professor, Indian? University, 1947 — 

HANNA HAFKESBRINK. 

Universities of Gottingen and Munich, 1924-31; Ph D. Gottingen, 1930; Studiem 
assessor Examination Hannover, 1932. Instructor in German, Iowa State Teachers’ 
College, 1932-33; Assistant in German, Connecticut College, 1933-34; Assistant 
Professor, 1934-36; Professor and Chairman of the Department, 1936—. Rockefeller 
Research Fellow, 1945-46. 

FREDERICK C. SELL. 

Universities of Heidelberg, Leipzig, Bonn, 1910-16; Ph. D., Bonn. 1919. Studienrat 
Codes berg, 1920; Prussian Ministry of Education, Berlin. 1929-30; Padagogische 
Akademie, Kassel, Professor of History, 1930; Lecturer on German Literature, Harvard 
University, 1938-42; Assistant Professor of German and Education, Mount Holvoke 
College, 1941; Associate Professor, 1944 

WOLFGANG STECHOW. 

Universities of Feiburg, Gottingen, Berlin, 1914, 18-21; Ph D. Gottingen 1021 
Gottingen U. Institute of Art History, 1923-36; University of Wisconsin, 1936-37; 


3 £ 


Middlebury College 


Professor of Fine Arts, Oberlin College, 1940 — . Visiting professorships at The 
Hague, Florence, Rome. Trustee, Am. Soc. for Aesthetics. Vice-Pres., College Art 
Assoc, of Am., 1945-6. Member, Editorial Board of The Art Bulletin. Conductor, 
Student Orchestra of the U. of Gottingen, 1924—33. Concert Pianist. 

HELEN SWAN. 

Middlebury College, 1943-47; University of California at Los Angeles, 1947-48; 
Wells College, Instructor, 1948-30; Middlebury College German Summer School, 

1945 ' 1 941 — i AM - x 949 - 

FRITZ TILLER. ... 

University of Berlin, 1927-30; Middlebury College, 1930-32; Yale University, 

! 933—35; Middlebury College Russian School, 1945. A M. Middlebury College, 
1932; Ph D. Yale University, 1940. Yale University, Instructor, 1935-42; United 
States Military Academy, Instructor in German, 1942 — . 

SPECIAL LECTURE SERIES 

DAS DEUTSCHE LIED. An illustrated survey of the development of the German 
Lied from the seventeenth century to the present day, with special emphasis on Schubert. 

Monday and Thursday evenings, 7 - 3 ° Stechow, Miss Swan. 

THE COURSES OF STUDY 

On Tuesday, July 4, all new students will be given a preliminary examination 
contnng gi'aniwai*, free composition, and the utility to understand the spoken word. 
The purpose of this test is to determine the degree of proficiency of each student, 
thus helping him in choosing his courses adequately and 0 (mating later changes. 
Beyond this it uiill in no way affect the student’s standing in the School. 

A. Literature 

13. THE CLASSICAL DRAMA. 

Introductory discussion of the artistic and philosophical principles of the Sturm uni 
Dranq drama. Intensive study of the dramatic theory and works of Goethe s and 
Schiller’s classical period. 10:30 Miss Hafkesbrink. 

16. LITERATURE OF THE FIRST HALF OF THE TWENTIETH 
CENTURY. 

A survey of German Literature from the turn of the century to the present day, in' 
eluding fiction, lyrical poetry, and drama. 8:30 Mr. Fuerst. 

20. SPECIAL INVESTIGATION. 

Students advanced in their graduate study may work on special topics under the 
guidance of one of the members of the staff. They are, however, urged to confer with 
the Director before the opening of the School so that the object may be defined and the 
necessary books procured. (One or two credits.) 

24. LESSING. 

A study of his life and works, with special reference to dramatic theory. Readings 
in his dramas, Laokoon, the Hamburgische Dramaturgic, the Li teraturbriefe, and Die Erzichuug 
dcs Mcnschcngcschlahts. 9 - 3 ° Mr. Morgan. 


The German School 


33 


34. NINETEENTH CENTURY LYRICS. 

A study of the lyrical poetry since the beginning of the nineteenth century, its back' 
ground and aesthetical problems, including interpretations of Holderlin, the Romantic 
poets, Stefan George. 11:30 Mr. Sell. 

38A. RAINER MARIA RILKE. 

A discussion of the poet’s life and works, from Das Stundenbuch to Duineser Elegien. 

11:30 Mr. Fuerst. 


B. Civilization 

43. GERMAN ART. 

A survey of German architecture, sculpture, and painting from 1700 to the present 
day, with emphasis on the artistic problems and achievements within each generation. 
Analysis of content, form, and style. Discussions and student reports 

10:30 Mr. Stechow. 

44. MODERN GERMANY. 

The social, economic, and political structure of modern Germany, with emphasis on 
the intellectual trends of the last two centuries, on educational developments and post' 
war problems. Readings from Strauss, Burckhardt, Nietzsche and others. 

9:30 Mr. Sell. 


C. Language 

55. PRACTICAL PHONETICS. 

A study of the formation and combination of German speech sounds with practical 
exercises. Special emphasis will be laid on characteristics of spoken German, such as 
rhythm and speech melody as factors of expression. 8:30 Mr. Neuse. 

All students deficient in German pronunciation will be required to do special work in the phonetics 
laboratory until their defects are corrected. 


D. Language Practice 

61. ADVANCED COMPOSITION AND STYLISTICS. 

A systematic study of style, shades of meaning, adequacy of expression. A thorough 
knowledge of German grammar is prerequisite for this course. 7:30 Mr. Neuse. 

65. COMPOSITION AND GRAMMAR REVIEW. 

A systematic review of German grammar and syntax. Compositions of gradually in' 
creasing difficulty, proceeding from concrete observations to theoretical and abstract 
dlscusslon - 7:30 Miss Hafkesbrink. 

68'A. GRAMMAR. 

A thorough review of grammatical forms, syntax, and basic vocabularv. Dailv papers 
and reports. This course forms a unit with the ORAL PRACTICE course and should 
be taken in conjunction with the latter. -^30 Mr. Tiller 


MiJJlebury College 


34 


6 9 'A. oral practice. 

A systematic course in oral self-expression, with emphasis on enunciation and mtona' 
tion. Prepared and extemporaneous talks, dialogues, and group discussions. Forms a 
unit with the GRAMMAR course and should be taken without the latter only by 
students who possess a thorough knowledge of grammar. 

11:30 Mr. Tiller. 


E. The Teaching of German 

•71. METHODS OF TEACHING. 

Discussions of the theory and practice of the teaching of modern languages in 
American schools, and of its objectives, with special reference to the teaching of 
German; critical evaluation of the principal “methods” currently advocated or enr 
ployed; exposition and illustration of such topics as reading, pronunciation, grammar, 
oral and written work, tests, grading, auxiliary materials, etc. 

2:15 Mr. Morgan. 


■7: 30 Stylistics 
8:30 20th Century 
9:30 Modern Germany 
10:30 Classical Drama 
11:30 19th Century Lyrics 
2:15 Methods 


Tentative Schedule 

Composition 

Phonetics 

Lessing 

Art 

Rilke 


Grammar 


Oral Practice 



VERMONTER STMTS 


liiddlebury College 
Memorial Field House 

MU 0 (t HAM h 


Sonn abend, den G Aud 


20 30 




fmtntt.sKartcn 51.20 -4180 

Emschiif : -iich 


ZU KAIIEEN VON : JOHN ROflf RT5 - OBERKCttNER 


1 


Extracurricular ALisic. 



The German School 


15 


Required Courses 

Required courses for the Master’s Degree are: 

1. Two of the three Civilization Courses (41 , 42, 43). 

2. The History of the German Language (51). 

3. Phonetics (55). 

4. Methods of Teaching (71). 

5. Advanced Composition (61). 

6. At least 8 credits in German Literature at the Middlebury College School of 

German, among which must be a survey course (preferably 13 or 15). 
Required courses for the Degree of Doctor of Modern Languages (in addition to the 
foregoing courses) are: 

1. One additional Civilization Course (Group B). 

2. A complete Survey of German Literature (Group A). 

3. Goethe’s Faust (21). 


Study Plan 

The following list of courses, covering the next four years but subject 
to changes, is offered to facilitate the selection of studies especially for 
students working toward a degree. 


A. LITERATURE 

Survey Courses 

11. Early Literature (1951) 

12. Barock und Aufklarung (1951) 

13. The Classical Period (1950) 

14. The Romantic Period (1932) 
13. Nineteenth Century (1953) 

16. 20th Century Lit. (1950) 

Detailed Studies 

20. Special Investigation (yearly) 

21. Goethe’s Faust 

22. Goethe’s Novels 

23. Goethe’s Lyrics 

24. Lessing, Herder 

25. Schiller 

31. Kleist, Grillparzer, Hebbel 

34. 19th Century Lyric Poetry 

35. 19th Century Fiction 

36. Modern Drama 

37. Modern Fiction 

38. Modern Lyrics 


B. CIVILIZATION 
(3 year rotation) 

41. German History (1951) 

42. German Folklore (1952) 

43. German Art (1950) 

C. LANGUAGE 

51. History of the German Language 

U95 1 ) 

55. Phonetics 

D. LANGUAGE PRACTICE 

61. Advanced Composition 
65. Composition and Grammar Review 
68A. Grammar 
69A. Oral Practice 

E. THE TEACHING OF GERMAN 
71. Methods of Teaching 


LIFE IN THE SCHOOL 

The Aims The school is primarily designed for advanced students 
who, possessing a fair speaking and reading knowledge of German, wish 
to perfect their ability to use it, and desire to deepen and broaden their 


Middlebury College 


3 6 

acquaintance with German literature as well as with its cultural hack' 
ground and the soil on which it has grown. Such aims will appeal pri- 
marily to teachers, graduate students, and German majors. 

Location The location proved highly successful from the very outset. 
The life of the little German community centers around the quaint New 
England square of the village, with the schoolhouse at one corner, the 
Bristol Inn at another, and the private homes in which the students are 
located, scattered in the immediate vicinity. Owing to the good library 
and art collection lent by the College, the schoolrooms and the annex of 
the Inn radiate a German atmosphere essential for carrying out the plans 
of the school. For it is necessary that the student, beyond the knowledge 
to be acquired in the classroom, should come into an intimate contact 
with the cultural values of the foreign country. 

Admission For all questions concerning admission see page 4. In order 
to avoid too many changes during the first week of the session new stu- 
dents are asked to show in a preliminary test their proficiency in the 
German language (see page 33). Since the success of the school and the 
benefit derived from attending it depend on the creation of an atmosphere 
of intimate group consciousness and the carrying out of a carefully planned 
program of six weeks, participation in all official activities of the school, 
such as lectures, after-dinner gatherings, and singing is obligatory. Students 
not wishing to participate in the social life of the school can be accepted only in very 
rare cases with the consent of the Director and after an examination in which they 
have proved their excellence in handling the language. They are, however, expected 
to take part in the daily singing and to attend extracurricular lectures and programs. 
(For Auditors see page 8). 

Credits Two credits will be allowed for all courses meeting five hours 
a week. All courses count toward the Baccalaureate degree and the 
Master's degree. Other information concerning credits and degrees will 
be found on page 5. 

Center The social center and dining hall will be at the Bristol Inn in 
separate annexes. The Inn is an old hostelry, well known in Vermont for 
its gracious hospitality. 

Meals Breakfast will be served at seven, lunch at half-past twelve, and 
dinner at half-past six. The students gather at small tables, each table pre- 
sided over by a member of the faculty. Students and teachers rotate ac- 
cording to a fixed schedule so as to enable all to get acquainted. After the 
noon meal German songs are sung in the Gartensaal, the social room of the 
German School back of the Inn. 


The German School 


37 



Dr. J^leusc aiul Dr. Sell. 

Lectures and Plays Lectures and plays will be given after dinner 
three times weekly. “Literarische Sonntagsandachten,” not conflicting 
with local church services, will be held every Sunday morning. 

Recreation and Sport On Saturdays, the school organizes hikes into 
the near-by Green Mountains or to lakes in the Champlain Valley. Faculty 
members regularly participate in these outings, and students will enjoy 
this period of week-end relaxation during which the foreign language is 
used in an atmosphere different from that of the classroom. The local ball 
park where group games (Schlagball, etc.) are frequently played offers 
further opportunities for physical exercise. On Tuesday and Friday 
evenings all students are expected to join in the folk dances which are 
taught on the lawn behind the Inn. 

OTHER INFORMATION 

Arrival On July 3, students should report in the Library of the Ger~ 
man School which is located in the Gymnasium of the local High School 


Middlebury ( College 


38 


There the Director will advise them regarding courses and give out 
other information from 10:00 a. m. on. All students will meet the 
representatives of the College Treasurer at the same place. 

The first meal will be supper at the Inn at 6:30 the same day. The first 
official assembly of the German School will be held at 8:30 in the Gartcir 
saal of the Inn. All students are required to attend. Classes will begin at 
8:30 Tuesday morning, July 4, following the preliminary examination at 
7:30. 

Bookstore At the Biicherstube books used in the courses may be 
purchased; but also other books will be offered for sale at moderate prices. 

Opportunities for Service All waiters and waitresses in the German 
School dining hall must be able to speak German. In order to secure such 
a staff, opportunity is offered to a limited number of students to earn their 
board in return for their service. Those interested should file application 
blanks with the Director of the School before April 1; awards will be 
announced by May 1 . 

Scholarships In commemoration of the late Professor Martin Sommer- 
feld who taught in the German School in the summer of 1939, a scholar- 
ship fund was established through generous contributions from students 
and faculty. This scholarship, known as the Martin Sommerfeld Scholarship, 
will be awarded each year in the amount of $100, and it will be open to 
all former and new graduate students who would be unable to attend 
without financial assistance. In addition to the Martin Sommerfeld Scholar 
ship three other scholarships of $100 each are available. These four 
scholarships will be awarded on the basis of need, merit, and scholastic 
promise. Application blanks may be obtained from the Director of the 
German School and must be filed before April 1. The awards will be 
announced by May 1 . 

Address Correspondence concerning courses, credits, degrees, and 
admission to the School, should be addressed to Prof. Werner Neuse, 
Middlebury College, Middlebury, Vermont. Correspondence concern- 
ing rooms, fees, and other general information should be addressed to 
Summer Schools Office, Middlebury College, Middlebury, Vermont. 


Scuola Italiana 

(From June 30 to August 17) 

rr-iHE Italian school of Middle- 
X bury College was founded in 
1032 by Dr. Gabriella Bosano, 
of Wellesley College, and con' 
tinued by Dr. Camillo P. Mer- 
lino, of Boston University. Since 
Dr. Merlino’s resignation in 
1947 Dr. Salvatore J. Casti- 
glione, of Yale University, has 
been Director. 

The Director is pleased to 
announce that Professor Vittorio 
Ceroni, of Hunter College, a 
graduate of the University of 
Milan and Visiting Professor for 
the Italian School s 1941 ses- 
sion, will return as Visiting 
Professor. The School welcomes the appointment of Dr. Regina Soria, a 
graduate of the University of Rome; of Dr. Mauro Calamandrei, a 
graduate of the University of Florence; and of Dr. Daisy Fornacca. 
Mrs. Castiglione will rejoin the teaching staff this summer. 

In keeping with the Italian School’s traditional aim of fostering the 
study of the Italian language and Italian culture the curriculum for the 
1930 session offers a well-balanced program of language courses at 
various levels, a new course on Manzoni and the Romantic Movement 
and a course on Italian literature of the present day. 

The Staff 

SALVATORE J. CASTIGLIONE, Director. 

A.B., Yale University, 1932; Ph D., 1939; Italian'American Exchange Fellow, 
University of Florence, 1934 35; Instructor in Italian, Yale University, 1938-43; 
1944-47; Assistant Professor, 1947 — ; Instructor in Italian language and area work, 
Army Specialized Training Program, Rutgers University, 1943-44; Translator of 
texts from Italian to English for the Yale Department of Drama, 1933-36; Middlebury 
College Italian Summer School , 1937-39, Director since 1948. 

Member of the Mod. Lang. Ass’n, N. E. Mod. Lang. Ass’n, Am. Ass’n of Teachers 
of Italian. 

Author of articles and reviews in Books Abroad, Italica and the Bulletin of the N.E.M. 
L.A. , Translator of: Benedetto Croce, Politics and Morals (Philosophical Librarv, 1945); 




f 



Italian Scltool, 1949 


The Italian School 


4 1 



SALVATORE J. CASTIGLIONE VITTORIO F. CERONI 

Director Visiting Professor 

selections from the prose of Emilio Cecchi, in Adam, in the Briarcliff Quarterly and in 
Cronos. 


VITTORIO F. CERONI, Visiting Professor 

Dottore in L cttcrc, University of Milan, 1918; A ccademico ordmario, University of 
Naples, 1925; Ph.D., New York University, 1932; Commendatore della Corona 
d’ltalia, 1939; Cavalicrc Magistrate del S.M. Ordine di Malta, 1946; Grand ’Ufficiale 
dell’Ordine del Santo Sepolcro, 1948; Ginnasio Zaccaria, Milan, Italy, 1918 -22; Lee' 
turer, Waseda University, Tokio, Japan, 1922 23; At Hunter College, 1926 — ; 
Assistant Professor, 1936 — ; Lecturer, New York University, School of Education, 
193 2 — i Instructor, Army Specialized Training Program, University of Wisconsin, 
1943; Visiting Professor, Middlebury College Italian Summer School, 1941, 1950. 

Author of: Quali devono csscrc If iiostregioie, Milan, 1918; The M etempyschosis of a poem 
on Rome, New York, 1930; articles and reviews in Italian journals and in the Modern 
Language Journal; The I Linker of the hlincteenth Century: Alessandro Manzoni, pamphlet. 
1944; article entitled La Lombardia, in the volume, 11 Volto d’ltalia, 1930; L’Anima d’una 
Regina, a historico-psychological novel, 1930. 

MAURO CALAMANDREI. 

Dottore in Filosofia, University of Florence, 1947; did work toward the degree of 
Dottore in Letterc, University of Florence, 1947—49; Fellowship student at the Univer' 
sity of Chicago, 1949 5 0> w here he is a candidate for the Ph D.; has done extensive 
research on Catholic social and political activity in Italy after 1870; author of numerous 
articles and book reviews in Rassegna, Inventario, and in Italian newspapers; Middlebury 
College Italian Summer School, 1950. 




4 2 


Middlebury College 


SIGNORA PIERINA BORRANI CASTIGLIONE. 

Dottorc in L cttcrc, University of Florence, 1930; Diploma di Perfezionamento in 
Lcttcratura Italians, University of Florence, 1931; Diploma di Abilitazione all'inse- 
gnamento della Lingua e Letteratura Italiana e della Storia, Rome, 1933; M.A. (Ameri- 
can History), Smith College, 1936; Instructor in Italian, Wellesley College, 1936 40; 
Instructor in Italian, Pine Manor Junior College, Wellesley, 1 93H 40; Informant in 
Italian, Army Specialized Training Program, Yale University, 1943 44; Instructor in 
Italian, Albertus Magnus College, 1945 ; Middlebury College Italian Summer 

School, 1939, 194b, 1950. 

In preparation: a textbook on Italian pronunciation, diction, rhythm and elocution. 

DAISY C. FORNACCA. 

Elementary and secondary school education in Italy; A.B., Barnard College, 1945; 
A.M., Columbia University, 1946; Ph.D., 1949; winner of several awards and prizes 
for excellence in literature; author of articles and book reviews in literary publications, 
and of two articles in the CoIuntl»irt Dictionary of Modern European Literature, Columbia 
University Press, 1947; Instructor in Italian, Columbia University Summer Session, 
1949; Instructor in Romance Languages and Literature, Bard College, 1949 — ; 
Middlebury College Italian Summer School, 1950. 

SIGNORA REGINA SORIA. 

Dottorc in Lcttcrc , University of Rome, 1933; Certificate of Proficiency in English, 
University of London, Summer, 1933; Diploma di Abilitazione all’insegnamento della 
Lingua c Letteratura Inglese nellc Scuolc Medie, Rome, 1934; Graduate studies at the 
University of Rome, 1934, and at the Johns Hopkins University, 1942 43, 1944 43; 
Instructor, College of Notre Dame of Maryland, 1942 46; Assistant Professor, 
1946 ; Instructor in Italian, International Center, Y.W.C.A., Baltimore, 1942 48; 

Lecturer on Italian Civilization, Army Specialized Training Program, 1943 44; Johns 
Hopkins Univ., Summer, 1944 and 1949; Catholic Univ. of America, Summer, 1946; 
Middlebury College Italian Summer School, 1930*. Author of articles and reviews in 
Italian literary journals and in Renascence. 

Auxiliary Personnel 

Zina J. Tii.i.ona, A.B., Secretary to the Director 

THE COURSES OF STUDY 
A. Language 

1. INTERMEDIATE GRAMMAR AND COMPOSITION. 

A thorough review of Italian grammar; vocabulary building; free composition; 
translation. This course is intended for students who have a good elementary knowledge 
of the language; it aims to impart a reasonable degree of proficiency in the use of the 
fundamental principles of grammar. 9:00 Signorina Fornacca. 

2. ADVANCED COMPOSITION. 

An advanced course for students possessing a good knowledge of Italian. It will 
consist of translations from English into Italian of a variety of texts of increasing 
difficulty. There will also be practice in original composition. Frequent reference will 
be made to grammar and syntax in the systematic study of idioms. 

9:00 Signor Ceroni. 


The Italian School 


43 


3. ORAL PRACTICE AND SELF-EXPRESSION. 

Daily training in current Italian designed to help the student gain assurance in self- 
expression in the language. Word study, oral reports on concrete topics, and a systema- 
tic building up of the conversational vocabulary will be based on assigned topics. 

8:00 Signora Soria. 

4. ADVANCED ORAL PRACTICE AND SELF-EXPRESSION. 

Intensive training in oral practice, public speaking and self-expression. A detailed 
program arranged for each hour; prepared discussion on assigned subjects, with definite 
vocabulary preparation; short debates, oral reports, oral criticisms of books or articles. 

8:00 Signor C> lamandrei. 

5. PHONETICS. 

A practical study of Italian phonetics, based on the reading aloud of carefully chosen 
prose and poetry selections; emphasis not only on the correct pronunciation of Italian 
sounds, but also on the proper intonation of spoken Italian; classroom work will be 
integrated by the use of phonograph records. 10:00 Signora Castiglione. 

6. ORAL STYLISTICS. 

This course is designed to meet, through carefully planned exercises, the needs of 
those who have already acquired general proficiency in the spoken language. It aims to 
develop natural fluency through emphasizing the difference between what is merely 
correct and what is Italian. 12.00 Signor Calamandrei. 

B. Literature and Civilization 

11. GENERAL VIEW OF ITALIAN CULTURE I. 

(To be offered in 1951.) 

12. GENERAL VIEW OF ITALIAN CULTURE II. 

A survey of the major manifestations of Italian genius, from the 17th century to the 
present time, in literature, art, philosophy, and science. 

‘ 11:00 Signora Soria. 

14. DANTE AND HIS TIMES (THE PllRGATORlO). 

In the course of three summers the Divina CommcJia is read and analyzed in the light 
of the literary, political, and religious ideals of the Middle Ages. In 1950 the Purgatorio 
will be the object of special study. This course may be taken for credit in three successive 
summers. 8:00 Signor Castiglione. 

13. ALESSANDRO MANZONI AND THE ROMANTIC MOVEMENT. 

The historical, pyschological and social development of Manzom’s century; Manzoni 
as man, thinker, educator, linguist and leader of a literary movement. 

10.00 Signor Ceroni. 

16. ITALIAN LITERATURE OF THE PRESENT DAY. 

A study of the main currents of contemporary Italian literature, especially as seen 
in the works of such internationally known writers as Levi, Vittorini, Moravia, 
Pratolini, Ungaretti, Montale, etc. 12:00 Signorina Fornacca. 

17. RESEARCH. 

All students, especially candidates for the doctorate who are working on a problem 
of literary or linguistic research, are invited to profit by the individual guidance offered 


44 


Middlcbury College 


by the school staff. Personal consultations will be arranged through the Director. Such 
assistance is gladly offered, and students are urged to take advantage of it. 

Signor Castiglione, 
with the collaboration of members of the staff. 


Schedule ol Classes 


8:00 

3. Oral Practice 

Signora Soria 


4. Advanced Oral Practice 

Signor Calamandrei 


14. Dante 

Signor Castiglione 

9:00 

1. Intermediate Composition 

Signoiuna Fornacca 


2. Advanced Composition 

Signor Ceroni 

10:00 

5. Phonetics 

Signora Castiglione 


15. Manzom 

Signor Ceroni 

1 1 :oo 

12. Italian Culture 

Signora Soria 

12:00 

6. Oral Stylistics 

Signor Calamandrei 


16. Italian Literature 

Signorina Fornacca 


LIFE IN THE SCHOOL 

Use ol Italian 1 be Middlebury idea of language learning requires for 
its effective execution a genuinely friend I v atmosphere. This friendliness 
and spirit of happy cooperation is one of the most attractive features of 
the school. With it, the rule of no English soon loses its rigor, and the 
exclusive use of Italian becomes a pleasant challenge and discovery. 

Italian Dormitories For the summer of 1950, three fine fraternity 
houses on the Middlebury College campus, providing excellent dormitory 
accommodations, will serve as headquarters for the Italian School. Equip' 
ned with attractive social rooms and surrounded by spacious lawns shaded 
by trees, these houses lend themselves to the development of an atmos' 
phere of friendly informality so conducive to “oral practice” — one of the 
main features of the Middlebury experience. Dr. and Mrs. Castiglione 
will reside in Sigma Phi Epsilon, thus actively promoting the spirit of 
good fellowship and understanding in an Italian atmosphere. 

The Italian Dining Room The attractive dining hall in Delta Kappa 
Epsilon will again be available to the Italian School. The hum of conversa' 
tion in the dining room is natural and spontaneous. Prompted and guided 
by understanding instructors who preside at each table, the students 
quickly overcome their linguistic shyness. In order to get better acquainted 
with one another and with all the instructors, students are required to 
rotate according to a fixed schedule. 

Activities The morning hours will be given over to class work, leaving 
the afternoon free for recreation and study. Students and teachers will 


T he Italian School 


45 



In the days of Lorenzo il Magnifico. 


meet frequently in the evening for readings, lectures, choral assemblies, 
and social gatherings. All students are expected to take part in the weekly 
choral assembly and to attend extracurricular lectures and programs. The 
school picnics, informal instruction in folk dances, tennis, the popular 
game or “bocce,” as well as hiking, afford further pleasant relaxation. 
Members of the Italian School are always cordially invited to attend the 
special lectures and evening programs given under the auspices of the 
other Language Schools. 

Credits Unless otherwise indicated, two credits or semester hours 
will be allowed for each course, and all courses count toward the Master’s 
degree. (See also page 6. ) 

Note: Course 2 (Advanced Composition) and Course 6 (Oral Stylis' 
tics) may be taken twice for credit, as the material of the courses varies 
each year. Course 14 (Dante) may be taken three times for credit, once 
on the Inferno, once on the Purgatorio, and once on the P aradiso. No other 
courses in the school may be repeated for credit. 

General Inlormation 

The Session opens lor enrollment on Friday, June 30, and classes 
begin Monday, July 3, at 8:00 a. m. (See also pages 7 and 8.) 

Admission Students may enter without examination, and without be' 




4 6 


MnUlclmry College 


ing candidates for degrees. No student, however, will be admitted unless 
his qualifications are approved by the Director, and the right is reserved 
to place students in classes best suited to them. 

Enrollment As soon as possible after arriving on June 30, every student 
should enroll for courses with the Director, and pay all fees. Late enroll- 
ment is subject to fine and will not be permitted after the first week. 

Fees For complete information concerning fees, rules governing auditors 
and special registration, reservations, etc., see pages 8 and 9. 

Scholarships For the summer of 1950, a number of scholarships are 
available. These will be awarded on the basis of need, merit, and 
scholastic promise. Application should be made to the Director before 
April 15; awards will be announced by May 1. Grateful acknowledge- 
ment is made of the following special scholarships, made possible through 
the generosity of friends of the School: 



Italian School Faculty, 1949 

Front, Left to Right arc: Dr. Bianco Calabresi, Dr. Salvatore J. Castiglione, Dr. Maria Arrighi. 
Rear: Dr. Rigo Mignani, Dr. Giuliano Bonfantc, Dr. Giorgio Banfi. 


The Italian School 


47 


I he I homas J. Quirk Circolo Italiano Scholarship offered for the eleventh consecutive 
year by the Circolo Italiano of the Hartford (Conn.) Public High School. 

The Italian Teachers Club of Hartford, Conn., Scholarship offered for the eleventh 
consecutive year. 

The Rochester Scholarship offered for the seventh consecutive year by "IL SOLCO,” 
Italian Cultural Society of Rochester, N. Y. 

The Del Fiorentino- Iannaccio Scholarship offered by the Reverend Dante Del 
Fiorentino, of Brooklyn, New York, and Miss Anna Iannaccio, of Elizabeth, New 
Jersey. 

Self-Help Another important way in which students may assist in de- 
fraying their expenses is by waiting on table in the Italian dining room. 
All waiters or waitresses are students at the school who are able to use 
Italian exclusively in the dining room. The remuneration for this service is 
their board. Those interested snould make application to Dr. Castiglione 
before April 15; awards will be announced by May 1. 

Books A well-balanced and constantly expanding collection of Italian 
books, housed in the College Library, amply provides for the needs of 
the students. In addition, textbooks and other aids for the teaching of 
Italian will be available for examination. 

In Sigma Phi Epsilon there is also an Italian bookshop at which stu- 
dents will be able to purchase the texts required for class work, as well 
as dictionaries and a variety of books of classic and modern Italian 
literature. 

Correspondence Correspondence concerning admission, credits, and 
choice of courses should be addressed to the Director of the Italian School, 
Dr. Salvatore J. Castiglione, 310 William L. Harkness Hall, Yale Uni- 
versity, New Haven, Connecticut. Correspondence concerning fees, 
rooms, and other general information should be addressed to the Secretary 
of the Summer Schools, Middlebury College, Middlebury, Vermont. 


PyccKafl LUKOJia 

(From June 30 to August 17) 



lussian school enters its 
h year with an outstand- 
f of native teachers, ex- 
cellent facilities, a var- 
ied program of new and 
reorganized courses, and 
a rich entertainment and 
lecture program. As in 
the past, the School will 
strive to answer the 
needs of students seeking 
a more intimate knowl- 
edge of Russia’s human- 
istic culture, and of those preparing for teaching, scientific, diplomatic 
and other careers. 

The Director is happy to announce the appointment, as Visiting Pro- 
fessor, of Dr. Nicholas Vakar, of Wheaton College and Harvard Uni- 
versity; of Professor Ludmilla Patrick, of the University of California; 
and of Professor Alexander Kasem-Beg, of Connecticut College — each 
of them a specialist in his field. 

The curriculum will include the following new courses: Maxim Gorky: 
Voice of Protest and Faith, by the Director; Methods of Teaching Russian, and 
Survey of Russian Civilization, by Dr. Vakar; and Russian Folklore, by Pro- 
fessor Patrick. 


T he r 
sixtl 
ing stafl 


The Staff 

MISCHA HARRY FAYER, Director. 

Beletskaya Gimnaziya, Bessarabia, Russia, 1923, cum laude; A.B., University of 
Minnesota, 1926; A.M., 1928; PhD., Columbia University, 1943; certificat apres 
examens, Sorbonne, 1931; graduate study, University of Southern California and 
Claremont Colleges. 

Chairman, Department of Foreign Languages, State Teachers’ College, Dickinson, 
North Dakota* 1929-1939; Chairman, Division of Languages and Literature, 1939- 
1942; Instructor in Russian, Michigan State College, 1942-1943; Associate Professor 
or Russian, Middlebury College, 1943 — i an d Director of the Russian Summer School 
since 1945. 

Member, Lambda Alpha Psi, honorary in languages and literature; American Ass’n. 
of Teachers of Slavonic and East European Languages; Chairman, New England Sec- 
tion, AATSEEL, 1949-50. 



Russian School , 1 949 

First Row: Faculty (Left to right) Mr. Kreve, Miss Bonsova-Morosova, Mrs. Vacquier, Mrs. Solova, Mrs. Fayer, Mr. Fayer, Mrs. 
Feodorova' Pressman, Mr. Pressman, '^Miss Leshmsky, Mr. Kunitz, Miss Kovarsky. 



The Russian School 


5 1 


NICHOLAS PLATONOVICH VAKAR 
Visiting Professor 

Author of Gide, Freedom and Dostoevsky (1946); contributor to Collier’s Encyclopedia. 
Coauthor of Bondar’s Simplified Russian Method 7th edition (1949). 

ELENA SOLOVA, Assistant to the Director. 

Gimnaziya Moscow and Danzig; graduated Kaufmannische Handelsschule, Danzig 
1922; Institut Superieur de Commerce d’Anvers, 1926; further study at the Universite 
de Paris, Faculte des Lettres; Instructor in Russian, American-Russian Institute, N. Y. , 
1945 ; Translator and editor at the Derussa, Berlin, 1928-30; Russian editor and 

translator in New York since 1939; Middlebury College Russian Summer School,. 
i9 4 8— . 

NICHOLAS PLATONOVICH VAKAR, Visiting Professor. 

Emperor Alexander I Gimnazia, Kiev, 1913; Moscow and Kiev Universities, 1913— 
1919; C.J.S. Artillery Senior Lieutenant, St. George Cross, Russian Army, World 
War I. Counsellor to the Russian delegation to Poland, 1920. Lecturer and writer on 
Russia (Prague, Paris, Bruxelles); articles published in 16 languages; syndicated bv 
l’Agence Litteraire Internationale and l’Agence mondiale de presse “L’espace” (Paris). 
Board of Editors, Poslednic J\[ovosti, Paris (1924 -40). Board of Directors, Assn, de la 
Presse Etrangere en France, Paris (1930-40). A.M., Harvard University, 1943 
(Slavics); Ph.D., 1946 (Sociology and Slavics). Associate Professor of Russian, 
Wheaton College, 1944 “> Visiting Lecturer on Russian history and civilization, Cob 
lege of William and Mary, summer, 1945; Institute of International Relations, sum' 
mers, 1944, ’46; Springfield College, 1946; Visiting Professor on Slavics, Harvard, 
1947 . Member of learned societies; contributor to various learned and professional 

periodicals. 

Recently published: The Study of Meaning in Russian, 1948; A Reader in Russian 
Dialectology, 1949; “The Name ‘White Russia’,’’ Amer. Slav. &. E. Eur. Review, Oct., 



MISCHA H. FAYER 
Director 




5± 


Middlebury College 


] 949 i ' Teaching Russian Civilization,” Bull, of Amcr. Assn, of Uniu. Profs., 1950. In 
preparation: Belorussia: The Rise of a Illation and The Belorussian Language: History, Dialects, 
and Standard. 

ALEXANDER KASEM-BEG. 

University of Rostov, Russia, 1919; University of Belgrade, 1920-21; Technische 
Hochschule, Munich, 1922 23; Ecole des Hautes Etudes Sociales et Politiques, Paris, 
l 9 2 3 2 5 » Academy for Religion and Philosophy, Paris, 1930-32; A.M.; French 
Orthodox Inst., Paris, 1933; instructor in Russian, A.S.T.P., Yale University, 1944; 
assistant professor of Russian, Connecticut College, 1946 — ; regular contributor to 
Hovaya Zarya. 

TANIA LESHINSKY. 

Born in Russia. A. B., University of Vienna; A.M., Radcliffe, in Slavic languages and 
literatures; work toward Ph.D., Harvard. Instructor, Army Program, Cornell Uni' 
versity, 1 945; Instructor of Russian, Syracuse University, 1945 -48; Wheaton College, 
1948 49; Florida State University, 1949 — > Middlcbury College Russian Summer 
School, 1948 — . Contributor of articles on Russian literature to periodicals and 
learned publications. 

LUDMILLA A. PATRICK. 

Born in Russia. Bestouzhett College for Women, Petrograd, 1916-17; A.B., Uni' 
versity of California, 1924; M.A., 1927. Lecturer in Russian, University of California, 
Berkeley; Middlebury College Russian Summer School, 1950. 

ANASTASIA FEODOROVA'PRESSMAN. 

Graduated Odessa Gimnaziya. Active in theatre work in Russia, the Far East and 
United States. Private classes in Russian. Special training in phonetics and methodology. 
Instructor in Russian, American'Russian Institute, 1943 — ; Middlebury College 
Russian Summer School, 1946 — . Co-author of Bondar’s Simplified Russian Method 7th 
edition, (1949). 

ARON S. PRESSMAN. 

Graduate of Gimnaziya and Conservatory of Music, Tiflis. Further study at Univer 
sity of Leningrad. Special training in Language Methodology and Phonetics. Taught 
diction to Russian operatic artists. Chairman, Russian Division, A.S.T.P., City Col- 
lege, New York; Instructor in Russian, American-Russian Institute, 1943 — ; Middle- 
bury College Russian Summer School, 1946 — . Made records in Russian for U. S. 
Armed Forces Institute. Editor of Russian LcarirA'Lingo. Co-author of Bondar's 
Simplified Russian Method 7th edition, (1949). 

TATIANA I. VACQUIER. 

Private school of Princess Obolensky, St. Petersburg; Bestouzheff College for Women, 
St. Petersburg; M.A., Ph.D., University of Wisconsin. Instructor, University of Wis- 
consin, 1924 -29; Professor of Russian and French, Nazareth College, 1930 — ; Colum- 
bia University, summer 1946; Middlebury College Russian Summer School, 1947 — . 
Author of Dostoeusky and Gide: a Comparison. 

IRINA BORISOVA-MOROSOVA, Secretary to the Director; Bookstore Manager. 

Born in the Crimea. Lived and studied in Yugoslavia. Attended business college in 
Zagreb, college in Brussels. Graduated Hochschule fur Welthandel, Vienna. Graduate 
study, Radcliffe. Teacher of Russian, Berlitz School of Languages, Boston, 1947-49; 
Instructor of Russian, Simmons College, 1949 — ; Asst, in Russian, Harvard Univ., 
1949 — ; Middlebury College Russian Summer School, 1949 — . 


The Russian School 


33 


Auxiliary Personnel 

Dancing Instructor, to be appointed 
Shirley R. Kraus, Aide to the Director 
Virginia C. Worley, Bookstore Assistant 

EVENING LECTURES 

Lectures by members of the staff and guest speakers will be held in 
the Social Hall in the Student Union. 

COURSES OF STUDY 

Survey courses are intended as a basis for more specialized courses to be 
offered in succeeding sessions. The research course (50) will afford 
opportunity for concentrated study on a subject of major interest. With 
the exception of certain basic courses, which are offered every summer, 
advanced work is on a rotation basis, giving the student an opportunity 
to cover thoroughly, in a period of three or four years, the fundamental 
phases of Russian thought and letters. 

I. Language 

1. GRAMMAR REVIEW AND ORAL DRILL. 

Thorough and systematic review of Russian grammar and basic vocabulary. Drill on 
pronunciation, conversation, and reading. Intended for students whose background in 
Russian is insufficient to enable them to carry a full load on the graduate level. (Under' 
graduate credit only.) Mrs. Feodorova'Pressman. 

.11. INTERMEDIATE GRAMMAR AND COMPOSITION. 

Compositions of gradually increasing difficulty. Study of synonyms and idioms; dicta - 
tion. Practical application of grammatical principles. Mrs. Vacquier. 

12. INTERMEDIATE CONVERSATION AND ORAL PRACTICE. 

Daily training in current Russian, designed to provide the student with assurance in 
selFexpression and a basic active vocabulary. Oral reports on assigned topics and class 
discussions. Mrs. Solova, Mrs. Feodorova'Pressman, Miss Borisova-Morosova. 

14. PRACTICAL PHONETICS. 

A course intended for students on the intermediate level who need systematic training 
in Russian pronunciation. Methodical comparison of English and Russian sounds. The 
sound mirror and records will be used. Enrollment will be restricted to those most in 
need of remedial work. Mr. Pressman. 

21. ADVANCED COMPOSITION AND SYNTAX. 

This course is designed for students with a good grammatical foundation, but lacking 
certainty in direct application of their knowledge. Particular attention will be given 
to idomatic usage, shades of meaning and syntactical accuracy. The method will consist 
of translations, original compositions, and class discussions. 

Mrs. Solova, Mr. Kasem'Beg. 


54 


Middlebury College 


22. ADVANCED ORAL PRACTICE AND SELF-EXPRESSION. 

Intensive training in oral practice and self-expression. Prepared discussion on assigned 
topics with definite vocabulary preparation; oral reports; oral criticisms of books or 
articles. Intended primarily to develop self-confidence in expressing ideas in Russian. 

Miss Lesiiinsky. 

23. (STYLISTICS.) 

(Omitted in 1930.) 

24. PHONETICS AND INTONATION. 

The purpose of this course is to give students a scientific basis for use in teaching, 
as well as to improve their own pronunciation. Theoretical lessons in phonetics and 
intonation will be combined with practical exercises. The course is designed primarily 
for degree candidates and for those preparing to teach. Mr. Pressman. 

23. (HISTORY OF THE RUSSIAN LANGUAGE.) 

(Omitted in 1950.) 

II. Literature 

30 (LITERARY MASTERS OF THE NINETEENTH CENTURY ) 

(Omitted in 1950.) 

31. (CONTEMPORARY RUSSIAN LITERATURE.) 

(Omitted in 1950.) 

32. (SURVEY OF RUSSIAN LITERATURE TO 1800.) 

(Omitted in 1950.) 

33. (RUSSIAN POETRY OF TOE NINETEENTH CENdURY.) 

(Omitted in 1950.) 

34. DEVELOPMENT OF RUSSIAN DRAMA. 

A survey of the growth and development of the Russian drama, with special emphasis 
on the outstanding dramatists of the 1 8th, 1 9th, and the beginning of the 20th centuries. 

Mrs. Patrick. 

35. (LEO TOLSTOY: NOVELIST AND MORAL PHILOSOPHER.) 

(Omitted in 1950.) 

36. RUSSIAN SHORT STORY. 

Highlights of the short story of the 19th and 20th centuries. The major portion of 
the class time will be given to student discussion of stories read, with criticism and 
interpretation by the instructor. Intended for students desiring to combine extensive 
reading with oral expression. Miss Leshinsky. 

37. (LITERARY CRITICISM AND SOCIAL THOUGHT.) 

(Omitted in 1950.) 

38. (FYODOR DOSTOEVSKY: HIS WORKS AND INFLUENCE.) 

(Omitted in 1950.) 

39. MAXIM GORKY: VOICE OF PROTEST AND FAITH. 

Studv of Gorky’s significant short stories, novels, and essays; and of his literary and 
cultural influences against the background of the Tsarist and Soviet regimes. Lectures, 
oral and written reports, class discussions. Mr. Fayer. 


The Russian School 


55 



IgrJ r L MM 


L * (p| 



" rjl 


1 


The Visiting'Profcssor of Art enlivens her lecture. 


III. Civilization 

40. (POLITICAL AND SOCIAL HISTORY OF RUSSIA TO 1917.) 

(Omitted in 1950.) 

41. (CONTEMPORARY RUSSIA.) 

(Omitted in 1950.) 

42. (HISTORY OF RUSSIAN ART.) 

(Omitted in 1950.) 

43. RUSSIAN FOLKLORE. 

Historical and social background of Russian folklore, and its general features; epic 
tales (the 13 yl i»iy) ; songs and rituals; apochryphal songs and tales; fairy tales; animal 
epos; proverbs and sayings. Mrs. Patrick. 

44. SURVEY OF RUSSIAN CIVILIZATION. 

A course intended to help the student in integrating the different disciplines in re' 
gard to Russian studies: geography, demography, historical origins, social institutions, 
religion, family, law, peoples of the Soviet Union, traditions and customs, literature 
and the sciences. Foreign policy. Persistent elements in Russian civilization. Language 
and mentality. Mr. Vakar. 



56 


Middlebury College 


50. RESEARCH. 

All students, especially degree candidates, who are working on a problem of research 
in any of the above divisions, are invited to profit by the individual guidance offered 
by the School staff. Personal consultations will be arranged through the Director. Such 
assistance is gladly offered, and students are urged to take advantage of it. 

Mr. Fayer, 

with the collaboration of members of the staff. 


IV. Methods 

60. METHODS OF TEACHING RUSSIAN. 

A course intended for teachers in secondary schools and colleges. How to teach 
elementary, intermediate, advanced and scientific Russian. New theories and tech' 
niques; analysis of textbooks; teacher’s laboratory; class preparation; informants. 

Mr. Vakar. 


LIFE IN THE SCHOOL 

Use ol Russian To qualify for admission, students must be able and 
willing to speak only Russian during the entire session, even in their 
rooms and off campus. At the official opening of the School each student 
will be required to pledge his word of honor to observe this rule. Al- 
though it is the duty of the faculty to enforce this rule at all times, their 
sympathetic encouragement to use the language freely will, in a short 
time, make it appear as the only language natural in the congenial, 
friendly Russian atmosphere. The School reserves the right to dismiss, at any 
time, students who willfully break the rule. (See page 4). 

Living Accommodations Starr Hall and Hillcrest will again be used 
by the Russian School. The dining room will be in Gifford Hall Recrea- 
tion Room, where students will eat together in small groups, each table 
presided over by a member of the faculty. A system of rotation at meals 
provides opportunity for becoming better acquainted with each other 
and the faculty. The large Social Hall in the Student Union Building will 
be used exclusively by the Russian School. 

Activities All extra-curricular activities play an important part in 
mastering the language, and students are expected to participate actively 
in them. The schedule of classes is arranged to leave the afternoons free for 
study and recreation. Picnics, excursions to nearby lakes and mountains, 
“vecherinki" with musical and dramatic entertainments, lectures by 
instructors and guest speakers, informal singing, and Russian movies, 
will provide ample recreational activity. Regular evenings for study of 
Russian dances have been set aside. Weekly sings w ill be held in the 
Social Hall. Several plays will be staged under the direction of Anastasia 


The Russian School 


51 



Scene from Pushkin's Dubrovsky. 


Feodorova-Pressman. The beautiful scenery, cool evenings, and restful 
atmosphere make our informal, spontaneous get-togethers particularly 
delightful to students and faculty. 

GENERAL INFORMATION 

Admission Students may enter without examination and without be- 
ing candidates for degrees. No student, however, will be admitted unless 
he can satisfy the Director of his ability to profit by the instruction offered. 
In the students’ own interest, an effort will be made to place them in 
classes best suited to them. 

Credits All courses offer two credits toward the M.A. and D.M.L. 
degrees with the exception of course 1 which offers credit toward the 
A.B. degree. See also page 6. 

Degree Requirements The following courses, or their equivalents, 
are required for the M.A. degree: 

Group I — 21 or 23, 22 or 36 (Group II); and one of the following: 24, 
25, 60 (Group IV). 

Group II — 31 and 32; one survey course of the 19th century (30, 33, 
34); one course on an individual author (35, 38, 39). 

Group III — Two courses (40, 41, 42, 43, 44). 

The following courses are required for the D.M.L. , in addition to the 
foregoing: 

A civilization course; a course on one of the individual authors; 30, 



Middlebury College 


5 s . 

33, 34 and 37; and all of the following not taken previously: 24, 25, 
60. For all other requirements, see p. 6 and the special leaflet for D.M.L. candidates. 

Self-Help Students may assist in defraying their expenses by waiting 
on table in the Russian dining hall, or by otherwise assisting the Director. 
The remuneration for waiting on table is board. Those interested should 
apply to the Director, before April 1 5. Appointments will be announced 
about May 1. 

Scholarships A limited number of scholarships of $50 and $75 is 
available to qualified students. Only students who would be unable to 
attend without such financial assistance are eligible. These scholarships 
will be awardeci on the basis of need, merit, scholastic promise, and 
interests. Application must be made to the Director before April 15. 
Awards will be announced about May 1. 

Books In addition to textbooks, the Russian Bookstore, located in 
Starr Hall, carries classics and up-to-date novels, poetry, drama, and 
non-fiction. General supplies, and textbooks published in this country, 
may be purchased at the College Bookstore. 

All members of the School are invited to visit the Russian stacks in the 
Library and to acquaint themselves with the collection. 

Phonetics Laboratory Russian School students are urged to avail 
themselves of the splendid facilities afforded by the Phonetics Labora- 
tory, located in Hillside Cottage. In class groups or individually, students 
have access to the most up-to-date equipment for speech recording, play- 
backs with earphones, and separate practice rooms. The laboratory is 
open at regular hours, in charge of a technician. Mr. Pressman will be 
available for assisting all those interested in improving their speech. 

Arrival Students arriving on the afternoon train on Friday, Saturday, 
or Sunday (June 30, July 1, 2) will be met at the station by a representa- 
tive of the Russian School. Students will enroll on Friday, June 30 
(2:30-5:30) and on Saturday, July 1 (9:00-12:00, 2:00-5:30), and 
should do so as soon as possible after arriving. Formal opening of the 
School will be held Sunday, July 2 at 8:00 p. m. Classes will begin 
Monday, July 3 at 8:00 a. m. (See also page 7). The first meal will be 
served at noon, Friday, June 30. 

Correspondence Correspondence concerning courses, credits, degrees, 
and admission to the School should be addressed to Dr. Mischa H. Fayer, 
Director of the Russian School, Middlebury College, Middlebury, Ver- 
mont. Correspondence concerning rooms, fees, and other general informa- 
tion should be addressed to the Secretary of the Summer Schools, Middle- 
bury College. 


Escuela E$panola 

(From June 30 to August 17) 

T he Spanish school, entering the 34th 
year of its existence, will act again as 
a center for the proper formation and orierr 
tation of teachers and advanced students of 
Spanish. The central aim will be to give the 
students a thorough practical knowledge of 
the language, as well as a solid foundation 
in the literature and culture of Spain and 
Spanish America according to the tradition 
so well established by the late director 
Juan A. Centeno. The organization is under 
the personal direction of Professor Angel 
del Rio of Columbia University. 

Special features in the program for this 
year include: a course on the Development of 
Spanish Poetry by the visiting Professor from 
Spain, Jose Manuel Blecua, also a series of 
“Stylistic Commentaries” on chosen pas' 
sages of texts of outstanding authors; a 
special course on Spanish Metrics by Prcr 
fessor Tomas Navarro of Columbia University; a course on The Great 
Themes in Golden Age Literature by Professor Pedro Salinas of Johns Hopkins 
University; a new course on I he Thought of Unamuno and Ortega by Professor 
del Rio. Professor Manach of the University of Havana will again be on 
the staff. New courses in literature will be offered by Professors Francisco 
Garcia Lorca and Juan Manchal. 

The Staff 

ANGEL DEL RIO, Director. 

Licenciado en Filosofia y Letras, University of Madrid, 1920; Doctor en Filosofia y 
Letras (Seccion Historia), University of Madrid, 1924; Lecteur d Espagnol, Univer- 
sity of Strasbourg, 1921-1923; Assistant Professor, University of Puerto Rico, 1925 - 
1926; Associate Professor, University of Miami, Florida, 1926—1929; Instructor, 
1929-1930, Assistant Professor, 1930-1946, Associate Professor, 1946-1930, Co- 
lumbia University; Visiting Professor, University of New Mexico, Summer Session, 
193-7, University of California, 1939-1940, Summer Session, 194C University ot 
Denver, Summer Session, 1949; Appointed 'rofessor of Spanish of New \ork Uni- 
versity and Chairman of the Spanish Department at Washington Square College, 
1950 — > Director of the Middlebury College Spanish Summer School, 195 0 • 




Spanish School Faculty and Staff of 1949 

First Row: (Left to Right) Sra de Alvarez Morales, Sr. Baralt, Sra. Baralt, Sr. Abreu, Mrs. S. Guarnaccia, Sr. Latcham, Sr. 
Casalduero, Sr. Navarro, Sra. Navarro, Sr. Manach, Sra. Manach, Sr. Gonzalez Lopez, Sra. Latcham. 

Second Row: Sr. Florit, Sra. Abreu, Srta. Albornoz, Sra. Hill, Sra. Casalduero, Srta. Breton, Srta. Navarro, Srta. Biaggi, Srta. 
Curtis, Paul Guarnaccia, Srta. de Madariaga, Sr. Alvarez Morales, Sra. Gonzalez Lopez, S. Guarnaccia, Srta. Rodriguez Mata, Srta 
Gomez, Mrs. Paul Guarnaccia, Sr. Encinas. 


The Spanish School 


61 




ANGEL DEL RIO JOSE MANUEL BLECUA 

Director Visiting Professor 

Author of Federico Garcia Lorca, Vida y obra, 1941; El concepto contempordneo de Espana, 
1946; Moralistas Castellanos (Col. Jackson), 1948; Historia de la htcratura cspahola (2 
vols.), 1948, of several other books, and of commentated editions of Jovellanos, Gab 
dos and Unamuno. Member of the editorial staff of The Romanic Review, formerly of the 
Rroista Hispdnica M oderna, from 1935 until 1947; contributor to several other reviews 
and to the Columbia Dictionary of Modern European Literatures; Chairman of Group 
Spanish III, M.L.A., 1930. 

SAMUEL GUARNACCIA, Dean. 

A.B., Middlebury College, 1930; A.M., 1936; graduate study, Boston University, 
1939-40; travel and study in France, Spain, Italy, and Cuba; secondary school teaching 
1930-40; Lieut., U. S. Navy, Educational Services Officer, Naples, 1943-46; Asst. 
Professor, Dept, of Spanish and Italian, Middlebury College, 1940 — ; Chairman of the 
Dept., and Dean of the Spanish Summer School, 1947 — . 

JOSE MANUEL BLECUA, Visiting Pro/essor/rom Spain. 

Licenciado en Filosofia y Letras and Licenciado en Derecho, University of Zaragoza, 
1.933; Doctor en Filosofia y Letras, University of Madrid, 1945; Professor of the 
Instituto Cuevas del Almanzora, 1935-1939; Valladolid, 1939-1940; Instituto Goya, 
Zaragoza, 1940 — ; Adjunct Professor of the University of Valladolid, 1939-1940; 
University of Zaragoza, 1940 — ; Professor Summer Session at Jaca, 1946 — ; Corres' 
ponding member of the Spanish Academy. 

Publications: Don Juan Manuel, Lihro infinido y Tractado de la A sumpeion de la Virgcn 
Maria, edic. critica, Zaragoza, 1938; Lope de Vega, El cabalbro de Olmedo, edic. en 
Clasicos Ebro, Zaragoza, 1943; Juan de Mena, El Labcrinto de Fortuna, edic. en Clasicos 
Castellanos, Madrid, 1943; El mar en I apoesia espahola, Madrid, 1945; Cancioncro it 1628 , 


62 


Middlebury College 


Ancjo de la RFE, Madrid, 1945; Historia de la I itcratura espanola, dos vols., Zaragoza, 
1942; Rim as ineditas de Fernando de Herrera, Ancjo de la RFE, Zaragoza, 1948; La poesia 
dc Jorge Guillen, en colaboracion con R. Gullon, Zaragoza, 1949; Rimfls de Lupercio y de 
Bartolom'c L. de Argcnsola, cdic. critica, dos vols.. Zaragoza, 1950. Contributor to 
Revista de Filologia Espanola , Hispanic Review, Holetin de la Academia Espanola, Boletin de la 
Biblioteca M cnendcz Pelayo. 

ELOISA L. DE ALVAREZ'MORALES. 

Bachi Her en Cicncias y Letras, Havana, 1939; Doctora en Filosofia y Letras, Univ. 
de La Habana, 1944; Profesora del Colegio Estrella, 1940-45; Estudios de Pcdagogia, 
Univ. de La Habana, 1941-44; Profesora del Centro Especial No. 1, Distrito Escolar 
de la Habana, 1946-49; Middlebury College Spanish School, 1948 — . 

MANUEL ALVAREZ MORALES. 

Licenciado en Filosofia y Letras, University of Havana, 1942; Professor of Spanish, 
Candler College and Academia Trelles, Havana, 1945-46; University of Havana 
(Summer School) 1946; Lecturer, Middlebury College, 1947 ; Middlebury College 

Spanish School, 1948 — . 

ZELMIRA BIAGGLPINEDO. 

A.M., Columbia University, 1935; Instructor of Spanish, Connecticut College for 
Women, 1928-42; Assistant Professor, 1942 — ; Visiting Professor, Highlands Uni' 
versity of Las Vegas, summer, 1941; Middlebury College Spanish School, 1945 

CONCHA BRETON. 

Colegio Internacional, Barcelona; A.B., Instituto General y Tecnico, Barcelona; 
A.M., Middlebury College; Instructor, Colegio Internacional, Barcelona, 1921 23; 
Instructor, Wellesley College, 1924-25; Instructor, National Park Seminary, 1925- 
26; Middlebury Spanish School, 1926; Penn Hall Junior College, 1926-42; Wellesley 
College, 1942-44; Wheaton College, 1944 47; Associate Professor, St. Lawrence 
University, 1947 — ; Middlebury College Spanish School, 1940 — . 

ELISA CURTIS'GUAJARDO. 

University of Chile, Santiago; A.M., University of Wisconsin, 1926; Instructor in 
Spanish, Grinncl College, 1921-23; Assistant Professor, 1923-36; Boston, State 
Department of Education, 1936-40; Cedar Crest College, 1940-43; Connecticut 
College for Women, 1943 — ; Middlebury College Spanish School, 1940 — . 

AMELIA A. de DEL RIO. 

Profesora Principal, University of Puerto Rico, 1917; A.B., Vassar College, 1922; 
Vassar Fellowship to study at Centro de Estudios Historicos, Madrid, 1922-23; M.A., 
Columbia University, 1932; Instructor at Vassar College, 1920-22; Lecturer at 
Barnard College, 1929-41; Assistant Professor, 1942-47; Associate Professor, 
1948 — ; Chairman of Spanish Department, Barnard College, 1941 — ; Middlebury 
College Spanish School, 1950. 

PILAR DE MADARIAGA. 

A.B., Cardinal Cisneros, Madrid, 1919; A.M., Vassar College, 1931; D.M.L., 
Middlebury College, 1949; Assistant in Spanish, Vassar College, 1929-31, 1939-40; 
secondary school teaching, Spain, 1933-39; Vassar College, Instructor, 1940-43, 
Assistant Professor, 1944 ; Middlebury College Spanish School, 1931-32-41-42- 

43-44-48—. 


6j 



The Spanish School 


Sr. Casaldncro, Sr. Guarnauia, Sr. Latcham. 

MARIA DIEZ DE ONATE. 

Liccnciada en Filosofia y Letras, University of Madrid; Diploma in Piano, Conserva- 
tory of Madrid; Instructor of Spanish, Middlebury College, 1920-22; Instructor, 
Vassar College, 1922- 24; in charge of classes of Spanish for Foreign Students, 
Residencia de Senoritas, Madrid, 1924-26; Assistant Professor, Vassar College, 
1926-27; Professor at the Instituto de Segunda Ensthanza, Salamanca, 1931-36; 
Instructor, Pine Manor Junior College, 1937-42; Instructor, New Jersey College for 
Women, 1942 48; Adjunct Prof., Randolph-Macon Women’s College, 1948 ; 

Middlebury Spanish School, 1942 48, 30. Author of: Cancionero Esparto I, The Vermont 
Printing Company, 1924. 

XAVIER A. FERNANDEZ. 

S.T.D., Gregorian University, Rome, i927;J.C.L., Catholic University of America, 
1928, Ph D., Columbia University, 1941; Instructor, U.S. Militarv Academy, 1936 - 
40; College of the City of New York, 1940-42; Professor and Chairman. Department 
of Romance Languages, Skidmore College, 1943-47; Instructor in Spanish, College of 
the City of New York, 1 947-48; Chairman, Spanish Department, Russell Sage College, 
1948 — ; Middlebury College Spanish School, 1943, *945 — • 

EUGENIO FLORIT. 

Doctor en Derecho Civil, University of Havana, 1926; Department of State, Re- 
public of Cuba, 1927 ; Cuban Consulate, New York City, 1940 — ; Instructor in 

Spanish, Columbia University, 1941-43; Barnard College, 1945-48, Assistant Pro- 
fessor, 1 948 — ; Middlebury College Spanish School, 1944—. 


6 4 


Middlebury ( 'o I hvc 


FRANCISCO GARCIA-LORCA. 

Liccnciado cn Derecho, University of Granada, 1923; Ph.D., Columbia University, 
1948; Adjunct Professor, University of Granada, 1924; Diplomatic Service, 1931 
1936; Lecturer, Columbia University, 1939-1940; Visiting Lecturer, Harvard 
University, 1947 1948; Assistant Professor, Queens College, 1948 — ; Consultant, 
UNESCO, Paris, 1947; Middlebury College Spanish School, 1950. 

ISABEL GARCIA LORCA. 

A. B., Instituto Nacional, Granada, 1929; Licenciada en Filosofia y Letras, Univer 
sity of Madrid, 1934; Assistant, Instituto-Escucla, Madrid, 1934 36; Instructor of 
Spanish, New Jersey College for Women, 1939 42; Instructor in Spanish, Hunter 
College, 1942-47; Sarah Lawrence College, 1947 -; Middlebury Spanish School, 
1 942-45, 1948—. 

MARIA CRUZ GOMEZ. 

B. A., Spanish, Universidad de Madrid, 1942; B.A., French, Liceo Frances de 
Madrid, 1942; Carrera de Filosofia y Letras, 1946; Assistant in Spanish, Middlebury 
College, 1949 — , and Summer Session, 1949 — . 

EMILIO GONZALEZ LOPEZ. 

Doctor en Derecho, University of Madrid, 1927; Professor, Universities of La 
Laguna, Salamanca, Oviedo, Barcelona, 1931-38; Instructor in Spanish, Hunter Col- 
lege, 1940-41; Professor, University of Panama, 1941-43; Instructor, 1943 47, 
Assistant Professor, 1947 — » Hunter College; Middlebury College Spanish School, 
1 947 ~ 

JORGE MANACH. 

S.B., Harvard College, 1920; LL.D., 1924, and Ph.D., 1928, University of 
Havana; Professor of History of Philosophy, University of Havana; Secretary of Educa- 
tion of Cuba, 1934; Visiting lecturer in Spanish and Spanish American Literatures, 
Columbia University, 1935 39 » an ^ Barnard College, 1938 39; Minister of State of 
Cuba, 1940; Middlebury College Spanish School, 1947 

CARLOS MARICHAL. 

A.B. Instituto Salmeron, Barcelona; Studied painting and theatrical art at the Royal 
Academy of Arts in Brussels; M.A., Escuela de Artes Graficas, Mexico City; Instituto 
Nacional de Bellas Artes, Mexico, 1945 47; Technical Director, the University Theatre 
of Puerto Rico, 1949 -50; Middlebury College Spanish School, 1949 — . 

JUAN A. MARICHAL. 

A.B., University of Algiers, 1941; graduate studies, University of Mexico, 1942- 
45; Ph D., Princeton Univ., 1949; Instructor in Spanish, Princeton University, 1946- 
48; The Johns Hopkins University, 1948 -49; Asst. Prof, of Spanish, Harvard Univ., 
1949 — ; Middlebury College Spanish School, 1946 

JOAQUINA NAVARRO. 

A.B., Instituto-Escuela, Madrid, 1934; A.M., Columbia University, 1942; In- 
structor in Spanish, Smith College, 1943 — ; Middlebury College Spanish School, 
l 943 • 

TOMAS NAVARRO. 

Doctor cn Letras, University of Madrid, 1905; Professor of the Centro de Estudios 
Historicos, Madrid, 1914-36; Director of the Courses for Foreign Students, Madrid, 


The Spanish School 




1916-23; Visiting Professor, University of Puerto Rico, 1927 28; Director of the 
Linguistic Atlas of the Iberian Peninsula, 1930 36; Professor of Spanish Phonetics, 
University of Madrid, 1931 36; Member of the Spanish Academy, 1934; Director of 
the National Library, 1936; Professor of Spanish Philology, Columbia University, 

1940 — ; Litt.D., Middlebury College, 1940; Middlebury College Spanish School, 

1 94 1 — • 

PEDRO SALINAS. 

Licenciado en Filosofia y Letras, University of Madrid, 1913; Doctor en Filosofia 
y Letras, University of Madrid, 1916; Litt.D., Middlebury College, 1937; Lector of 
Spanish Literature, University of Paris, 1914-17; Professor of Spanish Language and 
Literature, University of Seville, 1918-30; Director of the Course for Foreign Students, 
Centro dc Estudios Historicos, Madrid, 1928-31; Director of the Contemporary 
Literature Division, Centro de Estudios Historicos, Madrid, 1932-36 Professor of 
Spanish Language and Literature, University of Madrid, 1931-36 General Secretary 
of the International Summer University of Santander, 1933-36; Delivered the Turnbull 
Poetry Lectures, 1936; Visiting Professor, Wellesley College, 1936-39, Professor of 
Spanish; Johns Hopkins University, 1940 — ; Middlebury Spanish School, 1937, 38, 
42, 43, 46, 50. 

Guest lecturer at many European and North American universities. 

Author of: Prcsagios; Pocma dc Mi 0 Cid (in modern verse); Vispera del gozo; Scguro 
Azar; Fdbula y Signo; Melendez Valdes (edited with critical study); La voz a ti dcbida; 
Razon dc amor; Lost Angel and other poems, Truth of Two (English versions by Eleanor 
L. Turnbull); Reality and the Poet in Spanish Poetry; Litcratura Espanola, Siglo XX; En busca 
de Juana de Asbaje; Potsia Junta; Jorge M anrique, 0 tradicion y originalnlail; La poesia de Ruben 
Dario. 

Frequent contributor to E spana, La Pliima, IiiJice, RcHsta dc Occidente etc. Director of 
Indice de Litcratura Contcmpordnea. 

COURSES OF STUDY 

I. Language 

A. ELEMENTARY PHONETICS. 

Intended for students who have never studied phonetics. This course will attack the 
problem of pronunciation from a scientific viewpoint. Each student will practice daily 
exercises under the personal direction of the instructor. (Undergraduate credit only.) 

8:00 Srta. Navarro. 

B. INTERMEDIATE GRAMMAR. 

A thorough and systematic review of Spanish grammar, syntax, and basic vocabu' 
lary; constant oral and written practice. This course is intended for students who have 
only an incomplete mastery of the language and who would be incapable of the intensive 
work required in Course 2. (Undergraduate credit only.) 9:00 Sra. del Rio. 

C. ELEMENTS OF ORAL PRACTICE. 

For students who are unaccustomed to hearing or speaking Spanish although they 
may have an extensive "passive” vocabulary. (Undergraduate credit only.) 

, 8:00, 9:00, 10:00, 11:00, and 12:00. 

Sra. de Alvarez, Srtas. Garcia Lorca and Gomez, Sr. Marichal. 


66 


Middle bury College 


1. ORAL WORK AND SELF-EXPRESSION IN SPANISH. 

Designed to help students in the process of gaining a better command of the language 
by requiring the use of a varied vocabulary and at the same time accuracy of expression. 

8:oo, 9:00, 10:00, 1 1 :oo, and, 1 2:00. 
Srtas. Breton and de Maimriaga, sr. Alvarez 

2. ADVANCED GRAMMAR. 

A systematic review of the fundamental principles of grammar. Abundant practice 
is provided in writing idiomatic Spanish and in the practical application of grammatical 
principles. 8:00,9:00, 10:00, and ti:oo. Srtas. Curtis-Gijajardo, Biaggi. 

3. ADVANCED COMPOSITION. 

This course aims to help students gain assurance in writing correct Spanish and is 
designed for those who, having a good grammatical foundation, lack precision in the 
direct application of that knowledge. 10:00, 11:00, and 12:00. 

Srta. de Onate, Srs. Garcia Lorca and Gonzalez Lopez. 

4. PHONETICS. 

A continued study of practical phonetics, combining theoretical lessons with prac- 
tical exercises, for the improvement of the student’s pronunciation. 9:00 and 1 1:00. 

Srta. Navarro, Sr. Fernandez. 

7. STYLISTICS. 

A study of the evolution of structure and style in Spanish prose through analysis of 
texts; practical exercises in oral and written composition. 11:00. Sr. MaRach. 

8. HISTORY OF THE SPANISH LANGUAGE. 

This course will give specific information about the principal problems of Spanish 
philology, as a necessary background for teachers of this language. 

9:00. Sr. Navarro 

51. SPANISH METRICS. 

The program of this course will cover a general introduction to the essential factors 
of Metrics, and a descriptive and historical explanation of the form, origin, and de- 
velopment of the verses and strophes used in each period of Spanish poetry. (One credit. ) 

Mon. Wed. Fri. 10:00. Sr. Navarro. 

II. Methods 

10. METHODS OF TEACHING SPANISH. 

A consideration of the more common problems confronting the teacher of Spanish in 
his classroom work. (One Credit). Hours to be arranged. Sr. Fernandez. 

III. Literature and Civilization 

11. HISTORY OF SPANISH CIVILIZATION. 

This course is designed to introduce the student to those aspects of the history of 
Spain which are essential to understand the character and peculiarities of its culture. 

10:00. Sr. Garcia Lorca. 

13. HISTORY OF SPANISH-AMERICAN CIVILIZATION. 

A survey course on the main trends of the civilization of the Spanish American 
countries, from the prehispanic days up to the present. Special attention will be given 


Flit’ Spanish School 


67 


to historical events in their connection with the development of culture in its various 
manifestations. 8:00. Sr. Florit. 

20. THE DEVELOPMENT OF SPANISH LITERATURE. 

This course is intended to give the student a clear view of Spanish literature rather 
than a list of names and dates. Its aim is to distinguish and classify the principal direc- 
tions of Spanish literature from its origins to our time. 

8:00. Sr. Gonzalez Lopez. 

22. HISTORY OF SPANISH POETRY. 

A study of the evolution of Spanish Poetry from the Cantar de M \o Cid up to the 
present with emphasis on the development of forms and themes and on the contributions 
of the main poets of each epoch. 9:00. Sr. Blecua. 

27. THE GREAT THEMES IN GOLDEN AGE LITERATURE. 

A general view of Classical Spanish Literature and of its more important themes 
such as love, man, nature, death, as reflected in the master works of the period. 

11:00. Sr. Salinas. 

34. THE ESSAY AND RELATED FORMS IN SPANISH LITERATURE 
A survey of the essay and literary trends represented in this genre since the Renais- 
sance up to our times. Guevara, Quevedo, Gracian, Feijoo, Larra, Unamuno, will be 
discussed, among others. 12:00. Sr. Marichal. 

33. GAUCHO LITERATURE. 

A survey of Gaucho poetry in the Argentine, with special reference to the poem 
Martin Fierro and a study of its influence as exemplified in the novel Don Scgundo Sombra. 

10:00. Sr. Manach. 

36. GREAT FIGURES OF SPANISH-AMERICAN LITERATURE. 

Lectures, readings and discussion of the works of Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz, Juan 
Ruiz de Alarcon, Garcilaso de la Vega, Bello, Heredia, Sarmiento, Marti and Dario. 

10:00. Sr. Florit. 

32. “MODERNISMO” IN SPANISH AND SPANISH-AMERICAN POETRY. 

A study of the “modernista” movement and its development both in Spain and 
Spanish-American countries with special reference to the works of Ruben Dario. 

12:00. Sr. Salinas. 

54. THE THOUGHT OF UNAMUNO AND ORTEGA Y GASSET. 

An analytical study and discussion of the main works of the two major thinkers of 
Spain in our period, with special emphasis on a few central themes: man, life, historv, 
Spain in its relation to European culture, etc. 9:00. Sr. del Rio. 

Special Lecture Series 

STYLISTIC COMMENTARIES. 

A series of readings with stylistic interpretations of chosen literary texts. The authors 
discussed will be: Juan de Mena, Fernando de Herrera, San Juan de la Cruz, Gongora, 
Quevedo, Gracian, Ruben Dario, Jorge Guillen, Luis Cernuda. 

Tuesday Thursday evenings 7:15. Sr. Blecua. 


68 


Middlebury College 

Credits Two credits or semester hours will he allowed for each course 
unless otherwise specified. (See Credits, page 6). Course 3 may, with 
the consent of the Director, he taken a second summer for credit, since 
the material of this course is varied each year. 

Requirements for Degrees Candidates for the Master’s Degree must 
pass, before the completion of their work, an advanced course in each of 
the following subjects: Oral Practice, Language, Phonetics, and Methods. 
Courses 1, 2, 3, 4, and 1 o fulfill these requirements. In addition, at least 
10 credits must be earned in the fields of Literature and Civilization. 
Students who have transferred credit for an equivalent course taken else' 
where may request release from the requirement. For the degree of 
D.M.L., see page 6. With the exception of certain basic courses, which 
are offered every summer, the program changes yearly in a cyclic form. 
All candidates for degrees must send to the Dean, before the beginning 
of the session in which they expect to receive their degree, the transcripts 
of their A.B. degree and of any courses which they wish to offer for 
transfer credit. 

Books General supplies and text books published in this country may 
be purchased in the College Bookstore. The Libreria of the Spanish School 
is located in the social room of Hepburn Hall and is open regularly every 
afternoon. Here students may secure books printed abroad. On sale also 
are sets of intonation records, especially recorded for the Spanish School 
by Professor Tomas Navarro. 

Library The Spanish Library consists at present of over 5,000 titles 
comprising such subjects as language, literature, history, and civiliza' 
tion. During the past years, the library has been the recipient of many 
gifts from learneef societies abroad, and from friends of the school. The 
most representative periodicals of Spain and Spanish America, as well 
as publications in this country dealing with the Spanish language and 
literature, are received. 

LIFE IN THE SCHOOL 

Use of Spanish The only language used in the school is Spanish; there' 
fore, no student will be admitted to the school unless he is able and willing to use 
only Spanish while in attendance. Each student is required to pledge his word of 
honor to observe this rule. The Director reserves the right to dismiss 
students who willfully break this rule. 

Spanish Dormitories One of the most attractive features of the school 
is the friendliness which exists between the faculty and students, in no 


The Spanish School 


69 



Scene from “Al Natural ” 

small measure due to the fact that the Director and instructors, as well as 
all students, reside in the dormitories. Gifford Hall, the newest and one 
of the finest dormitories on the campus, will he occupied by the Spanish 
School. Double suites, connecting singles, and single rooms are available. 

In Hepburn Hall, built on the highest point of the campus, the rooms 
are en suite with a study for each two students. All bedrooms are single, 
and each suite is connected with a lavatory. A spacious and delightful 

f ;arden surrounds the southern exposure of Hepburn where students may 
ounge or study. 

Spanish Dining Rooms All members of the School take their meals in 
the dining rooms of Hepburn and Gifford Halls. Meal hours are conversa- 
tion hours and also provide students with an opportunity of becoming 
better acquainted. To facilitate this, they are required to change tables 
according to a system of rotation. 

Activities I he activities outside of the recitation room constitute an 
important feature of the life of the student. These activities are designed 
not merely to furnish entertainment and relaxation, but also to give the 
student an opportunity to become better acquainted with various mani- 
festations of Spanish customs and life. Weekly programs are announced 
at the beginning of each week and are arranged so as not to interfere with 
the student’s study and relaxation. These short programs include the 
following subjects: dance or musical recitals; dramatic or literary enter- 
tainments; readings, or informal talks by members of the faculty; Spanish 
games and plays; folk songs and dances; and Spanish moving-pictures. 




70 


M iddlebury College 


Arrival Beginning Friday morning, June 30, students will be met at 
the station by a Spanish School representative who will direct them to 
taxis and assist with arrangements for luggage. As soon as possible, 
students should report to the Director to enroll for their courses and to 
receive other information. (See pages 7 and 8.) 

The first official assembly of tne Spanish School will be held on Sun- 
day evening, July 2, at seven o’clock. All students are required to attend. 
Classes will begin at eight o’clock, Monday morning, (uly 3. 

Scholarships Several scholarships of fifty dollars each will be available 
this summer. Only students who have never attended the Middlebury 
Spanish School, and who would be unable to attend without such finan- 
cial assistance, are eligible. These awards will be made on the basis of 
need, merit, and scholastic promise. Application should be made to the 
Dean before April 15. The awards will be announced about May 1. 

The Juan A. Centeno Memorial Scholarship was established in the 
summer of 1949 by the students and faculty of the Middlebury Spanish 
Summer School, in memory of the beloved teacher who was Director of 
the School for fifteen years. The fund is still growing, and further con*' 
tri but ions will be gladly received. The income from this permanent fund 
will be used each summer to provide a scholarship for a specially deserv- 
ing student in the Spanish School. 

Self-Help A 1 imited number of students are provided an opportunity 
to earn their board by acting as waiters and waitresses in the Spanish 
dining-halls. A speaking knowledge of Spanish is essential for one of 
these positions. Those interested should apply to the Dean before April 
13; awards will be announced by May 1. 

Mail to Students In order to insure prompt delivery of their mail 
students should have all letters and other mail matter addressed in care 
of the Middlebury Spanish School, Middlebury, Vermont. 

Correspondence Communications regarding admission, courses, credits 
and other academic information should be addressed to Prof. Samuel 
Guarnaccia, Dean of the Spanish School, Middlebury College, Middle- 
bury, Vermont. 

Correspondence concerning fees and room reservations should be ad- 
dressed to the Secretary of the Summer Schools, Middlebury College, 
Middlebury, Vermont. 


INDEX 



1 
• ; 

2 

G 

k 

*0 

*"•5 

a 

s 

-c 

2 

1 


0 

£ 

O 



co 

Activities 


2 4 

37 

44 

5 6 

69 

Administrative Officers ...... 

1 

1 1 

2 9 

39 

49 

59 

Admissions 

4 

2 3 

3 6 

45 

57 


Arrival 


26 

37 

46 

58 

7° 

Auditors 

5.8 






Books 


2 3 

38 

47 

58 

68 

Chapel Services 


2 4 





Correspondence 

10 

2 7 

38 

47 

58 

7° 

Courses 


18-22 

3 2— 35 

42-44 

53-56 65-67 

Credits 

5 

2 3 

3 6 

45 

57 

68 

Degree Requirements 

6 

2 3 

33 

45 

57 

68 

Dining Halls 


26 

3 6 

44 

5 6 

69 

Enrollment 

7 






Examinations 

6 






Fees, Registration 

8 

8 

8 

8 

8 

8 

Non-resident 

8 






Late Enrollment 

8 






Extra Courses 

8 






Refunds 

9 






Graduate School of French in France 

Cover 

28 





History 

2 






Lecture series 


2 4 

3 2 »37 

45 

53 

69 

Libraries 


2 3 

3 6 

47 

58 

68 

Living Accommodations 

7 

2 5 

36 

44 

5 6 

68 

Meals, First and Last 

7 


3 6 




Nurse 

7 






Offices 

7 






Payments 

10 






Phonetics 

5 

2 4 

33 

43 

53 

66 

Railroad Routes 

10 






Recreation 

4 






Scholarships 

10 

26 

38 

46 

58 

70 

Self-Help 

10 

26 

38 

47 

58 

70 

Staff 


11-18 

2 9~3 2 

39"4 2 

49“5 2 

59-65 

Transcripts 

8 






Use of Foreign Language 


22 

35 

44 

5 6 

68 


Veterans 9 

Winter Session 27