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i aiqut aliem^ 


Mo. Bot. Garden 


The present taste for Botany, so general among all ranks, and the great encourage- 
ment given to works of merit in that fascinating science, first emboldened the Publisher 
of the present undertaking to solicit assistance from several distinguished Collectors of 
Plants in the vicinity of the Metropolis. Having been at length enabled by their 
liberality to bring forward, among the rest of his brethren, some of the efforts of bis 
pencil, it would be dastardly in him not to own that his hopes of success overbalance 
his fears; it now only remains with the Public at large to appreciate his labours, and 
become his best patrons. Anxious however for tame, rather t han inordinate profit, he 

the descripti 

his figures will be corrected, or often wholly drawn up, by a Botanist more learned .tha 
himself. It may not be improper to add a few words respecting that department of 
the work. 

In all similar publications which have hitherto appeared, not even excepting the most 
respectable, a considerable portion of each page has been fitted with useless repetitions 
of the classes, orders, and generic characters of the sexual system. No one who 
pretends to the least knowledge of the science is without the Genera Plantarum of 
Linne, nor any one who is solicitous to gain deeper information, without that of Jussicu. 
The transcendant merit of the last author, however, having yet never been detailed 
among us, the natural order to which he refers each genus here figured will always be 
inserted preceding its character ; this will be only given with the first species, making 
such alterations, or remarks, as the investigation of it suggests. Botany, like' all other 
sciences, has lately made a rapid progress in improvement, and in no branch* so con- 
spicuously as that which relates to the affinities of genera; more might be said on this 
head, if it were not already anticipated in a short but most energetic paragraph of the 
Edinburgh Review. With regard to the Plants themselves, such only as are new, 
uncommonly beautiful, or incompletely figured by others, will be selected ; and of these' 
the harvest is abundant. 



Large Flowered Trillium. 


Asparagi. Juss. Gen. p. 42. 

Calyx tripbyllus, pers.sten, Petala tria, calyce majora, persistentia. Anthers crassa?, U 
nales, lateraliter dehiscentes. Pericarpium succulentum, I-loculare, polysi i rrnum. Sti 
3, lateraiia. Canlis apice 3-phyllus, foliis lads verticillath : in hormn caUro 1 -fhr,,-, L\ 
Paride non tantum structurd antherarum sed etiam fructm I -loculari discrepam. 

T. foliis late rhombeo-ovatis, acuminatis; floribus subpendulis; calycis foliolis cuneatis; pc 
calyce longe majoribus, spatulato-lanceolatis. 

T. rhomboideum. var. y. grandiflorum. Michaux Fl. Boreali Am. r. 1, p. 21 G. 

Sponte nascentem in Upper Canada, legit Franc. Masson. 

This plant, communicated by George Hibbert, Esq. I believe has never before been figu 
but I have little doubt the synonym above quoted belongs to it, and that it is a legil 
The petals in fading are tinged with a blush colour. It has been some years in this coun 
aowering soon after it rises out of the ground ; and, like the rest of the genus, should be ci 
vated in a moist shady situation. 

2. The Anthers and Germen. 

3. The Germen magnified. 

4. Transverse section of the send vevsel. 



Needle-leaved Protect. 


Proteae. Juss. Gen. p. 78. 

B TZ1 S l b : l n l U ^ ,I i fl0rJ ^ S, , inV0,UCr ° aliarum ma J° rum stE P e ci » ct ^ Corolla varie 4-fida, 
tibus, persistens. Pericarpium crustaceum, I-Ioculare, 

1-spermum, deciduum, 

germinationem clausum. Genus procul dubio dividendun, 

folia simplicia decompositaque,flores diclines hermaphroditos H ue, ut 

P. foliissublinearibus, teretiusculis, mucronatis, punctatis; fasciculiscernuis; bracteis involucri 
exquisite ciliatis. 

P. nana. Thunb. Diss.n. 29. P. rosacea. Linn. Mant. p. 189, Leucadendron nanum. Berg. PL 
Cap. p. 22. Conophoros capensis Pini folio. Pet. Gaz. p. 40. /. 25./. 7. 

Sponte nascentem in Roodesand, montibus, legit C. P. Thunberg. 

Floret a Septembri, in Decembrem. 

There is no figure of this species but Petiver's imperfect engraving; it was communicated by 
Messrs. Lee and Kennedy, whose liberality in giving specimens of their rarest plants to Botanists 
does them so much honour. The outer bractes are disposed into a very regular rose, and con- 
stitute the chief beauty of the flower, which has no smell ; their margin is ciliated with very 
short white hairs. Corolla towards the top covered with brown hairs. Style long, and standing 
out from the centre towards the bractes. It flowers here, as at the Cape of Good Hope, from the 
latter end of Spring to the middle of Summer, and may be propagated by cuttings planted in 
sandy loam, under a bell glass, during the months of May and June. 


Caly culated Bryophyllum. 


Sempervivae. Juss. Gen. p. 307. 

Calyx longus vaginaeformis, diu yegetus. Corolla 1-petala; Tubus rhombeus ore contr 
Limbus 4~iidus ; marcescens. Filamenta 8, ad os tubi duplici serie inserta. Pericarpia 4 
squamas tot melliferas exserentia. Suffrutex, facie Crassularum. Folia opposita, sucadenta,- 
ultimaque simplicia, reliqua tcrnala vel pinnuta duobus paribus foliolorum, crenata ibidemque s 
fera. Flores terminates, paniculati. Nornena fipuw germino, (pv Wo v folium. 

B. calyce corolla rnulto breviore, parum 4-angulo. 

Sponte nascitur in Insulis Moluccas, unde in Hortum Botanicum Calcutta translatum fuit, 

Floret sub finem mensium pluvialium. 

This singular plant was sent into this country from Bengal by Dr. Roxburgh, and has lately 
flowered in the stove of the Right Honorable Charles Grenville, at Paddington. It will soon be 
very common, for young plants are produced in abundance from the crenatures of the leaves. 
The Cotyledon Pinnata of Lamarck, in Encycl. Bot. v. 2. p. 141. which that author describes with 
yellow flowers, may possibly be another species; but though I have examined a specimen of this 
also, gathered by Ant. Hove, a Polish Gardener, in the Island of Johanna, and sent in spirits to 
Sir Joseph Banks, I cannot be absolutely certain about the matter, none of its flowers being 
sufficiently advanced. 


1. The Corolla stript of the Calyx. 

2. The Germen and Nectarium. 

3. A transverse section of the Seed vessel magnified. 

4. The Corolla spread open, shewing the insertion of the fi 

5. An Anther magnified. 




Box-leaved Vaccinium. 


Ericae. Juss. Gen. p. 15Q. 

Pericarpium inferum, 4-5-loculare, succulentum, clausum, deciduum. Semina 10-30 in singulis 
loculis. Corolla monopetala limbo brevi, 4-5-fido; decidua. Anthera? 8-10, valvis apice 
oblique foraminosis. Frutices, quida-n kwmltim, gcmmtftri. Folia alterna, inplerisque dentata, 
autumno decidua vel sempcrvirentia. Flores m , . pe, s*pius axillarcs. 

* » Folia sempervirentia. 

V. foliis obovatis, dentatis, glabris, subtusaequatis: spicis e superioribus axillis, dense multi- 
floris : stigmatibus hemisphsericis. 

V. brachycerum. Michaux Fl Boreali-Amer. v. I. p. 234. 

Sponte nascentem circa Winchester in Virginia, legit A. Michaux. 

Floret apud nos Maio. 

A beautiful dwarf species, resembling V. Vitis Ideea, from which however it may always 
be distinguished by the capitate stigma. The stems creep a little under the ground,* and are 
covered with a short rough pubescence. Leaves sometimes oval, without any callous dots on 
the under surface : midrib hairy on its upper surface. Flowers blush-coloured. Common 
peduncle very short. Calyx and Corolla generally five-cleft. Filaments 10, attached at 
the very base to the corolla, but inserted like it, in the receptacle which surrounds the top of 
the fruit, having antheros shorter than in many others ami without a spur. It thrives best in 
light sandy vegetable mould, among rocks, and othe; shrubs. 

A Flower magnified. 
The Anthers and Germen. 
An Anther magnified. 
The Calyx and Germen magnified 


Annona-leaved Magnolia. 


Magnoliae. Juss. Gen. p. 280. 

Calyx 3-phyllus, petaloideus, ssepius caducus, in quibusdam nullus. Petula 6-9, decidim, 
Antherae filamentis confluentes. Pericarpia numerosa, in Strobilum stipitatum imbricata, 
oblonga, 1 I -.-perma. Semina e pericarpio dehiscente, filo pendula. Arbo- 

res et Frutices aromaticce. Folia autumno deciduu vel sempervircmia, supius grandia. Stipula intra 

■ ,'■;.■. 

grandes. Bractea ] , calj/ci proxima zcl , •<< titu §k l, : agmalis, caduca. 

• Calj/x nulla 

I. foliorum laminis lanc< 
gioribus : pericarpion 

iolatis: petalis valde inoequ 

Floret apud nos, ab Aprili in Junium. 

A low shrub, lately brought into this country from China, and now in flower in the stove of 
the Right Hon. Charles Greville. It appears to me a legitimate species, though very nearly 
allied to the M. Fuscata of the Botanists' Repository, which I would distinguish by the follow- 
ing name and character. M. Versicolor ; foliorum laminis obovato-lanceolatis : petulis inaequa- 
libus, exterioribus pedunculo 4-plo longioribus : pericarpiorum stipite toto pubescente. The 
flowers in both diffuse a similar fragrance, resembling at a distance that of a ripe apple, but 
when nearly approached more like a melon : and this odour I suspect proceeds from the glands 
•" itti which the petals abound, not from the anthers. 


1. The Anthers and Germen. 

2. The Germen and Receptacle. 

3. An Anther magnified. 

4. A Germen magnified. 



Psoralea-leaved Gomftholobium. 


Leguminosae. Juss. Gen. p. 345. 

Sect. 4. Corolla papilionacea. Filamenta receptaculo inserta, distincta. Pericarpium 
J-loculare, 2-valve. 

Calyx grandis, inflatus, profunde 5-fidus: Carina obtusissima. Filamenta decidua. Pericar- 
pium castum (germen auctorum) latum, gravidum ventricosum, polyspermum, tenuiter 
stipitatum. Stylus involutus. Stigma angustum, obtusum. Frutices graciles. Stipulte 
mmuta, inflexte. Folia atro-viridia, 3-mta pinnataque. Flores pcduncuUs brevibut axiUaribui 
sapius 1-fioris,jlavi. Bractece 2juxta receptaculum, minutee. 

• Folia Ternata. 

G. caule angulato, glabro cum rore : foliorum laminis 1 \ lineam lata, anguste obcuneatis, con. 
vexinsculis: carina discolori, valde firabriata. 

Sponte nascentem juxta Port Jackson, legit D. Burton. 

Floret Octobri, Novembri ; apud nos Junio. 

This plant was communicated by Messrs. Lee and Kennedy, and has been hitherto known 
in their nursery by the name of Latifolium; but I dare not quote the plant Dr. Smith has 
taken up under that title in the Annals of Botany as the same; for he describes the leaflets 
" obovato-oblonga" and "venom." The young stem, if observed through a microscope, is 
covered with dark green dots, of which I find no traces in the leaves. The calyx in a young 
state is very similar both in colour and shape to the future pod, so that the whole plant to a 
careless observer has the appearance of being in fruit before it flowers. It may be propagated 
by cuttings. 


1. The Calyx. 

2. The Anthers and Germen. 

3. The Germ and Receptacle. 

4. The Legume opened, shewing the Seed. 

5. The Stigma magnified. 



w ■ f <$fe 



Silvery Podalyria. 


Leguminosae. Juss. Gen. p. 345. 

Sect. 4, cujus definitionem vide sub No. 6. 

Calyx basi replicatus, 5-fidus, parum irregularis. Vexillum grand*, basi iucrMsatum: Carina 
parva, alis obtecta. Filamenta persistentia. Pericarpium sessile, gravidum ovale et ventri- 
cosum, polyspermum. Stylus vix arcuatus. Stigma capitatum. Fvuticcs, plerxque sericecv. 
Stipulw angustcr, cauli adpressce. Folia simplitia laminis latis crassisque. Flores peduncidh 
axillaribus, solitarii vel breviter spicati, albidi colore mox in roseum mntabili. Bractece caducce, 
gemmacea. Nomen, ob Vexillum basi lyralum, a vocibus Gratis, rovg pes Xvo% lyra, itmmnm . 

P. fohorum laminis ovali-lanceolatis, sericeis : pedunculis 2-3-floris ; calyce carina? adpresso.- 
v — "o lateribus integro. 

P. biflora. Sims in Bot. Mag. p. 7 53. cum Ic. bona. P. biflora. Poiret en Encycl. Bot 
P. biflora. Lamarck in Encycl. Bot. Jllustr. t. 231. f. 3. pessima. Soph 

biflora. Retz. Obs. 

Sponte nascentem juxta Stellenbosch, legit F. Masson. 

Floret apud nos fine Maii, Junio. 
Professor Retzius first distinguished the species of this genus, but having only seen dried 

specimens, his characters want much correction. Dr. Sims has given a very excellent descrip- 
tion ot that here figured, and not omitted a character of great importance, namely, the inser- 
tion of the filaments in the receptacle, which in the flowers he examined were only seven in 
"'unber, but in ours constantly ten. The calyx is also five-cleft, not three-toothed, and pro- 

•ably much more hairy in \\ i kl specimens than those of our gardens. A large melliferous gland 
at the base ol the < law u\' tin; vexillum, is, I believe, common to the whole melius, which a-, it 
'-'anils in Will,!, now's work is still a jumble of heterogeneous species, containing, ]st. Those 
*» ith piaoati d leaves and long spikes of flowers, already separated by Lamarck ; 2dly. A low 
thorny shrub w ith diphj lloas petioles, and flat monospermous pods, allied to Halodendrum : 

large stipules, from North America : 5thly. The true Podalyrias with simple leaves. 

. The Vexillum. 
The Calyx, Anthers and Ge 
Back View of the Calyx. 
The Germ and Receptacle. 
lie Stigma magnified. 



Self-coloured Gladiolus. 


Irides. Juss. Gen. p. 57. 

Sect. 3 . Flores spicati, sub pericarpio bracteis duabus, 

Jracteae spathac 
Limbus varie 

Bracte* spathace*, plus m ,„„ s con TO I„, s , totae vegete . Coro||a! Tubus ^ 

S.iga.a.a^pHciafobcauea.a. ^C^^'^^T^^^T T^ 
in<e r du m prorSUS deficient **£ ,„*,*, ^^Z^T^ 

7W//3/0 — l ■ , . . iwwniMM,! . Qua: cum 

ru subpencarpio bractea dcst 
>b diversam infloresccntiam separandce; -» J ■ ra " /orw "^ ortAflc " TO <***«■. 

;;:rT , Tv ^ W " ; "°^™^-^ Gala\ia n , Gladio^ZZ 
naturah, ordiendo a G. Namaquensi Bot. Mae f <5Q<? j„*j.~i ■ . 

distin»uendas ventre enroll* 1 ' lJSOtmMa S^592. Jntholyzas proxime sequitur, ornnes facile 
^uendas ventre corolla longiorecompresso: adhas itaque G. Watsonium Bol. Mag f 450 
649, et G. Quadrangulum Bot. Mag.f. 561. refero. * ' 

* • Tristi affines, foliis seppius marginc dllatato l-angulis. 

G act!!!L 4 i7 u,is ; coro ^ Jimbo tubo ^ *— h***** ^^0,^0.^^ 

unmans, mtenonbus v, x approximatis ; antheris longis, post anthesin spiralibus. 
Sponte nascentem in Promontorio Cap, legit Jac. Mulder. 
Floret apud nos Maio. 
This species was communicated by the Right Hon. Charles Greville, but has Ion- been in 

ZT£Z* h ' C r U, l Vated * ^ Chape ' A1,ert ° n " the year 179a h difFers f ™ G " T «^ 
*** m the shape of the lacinia. of the corolla, and from G. Recurvus, Bot. Mar. f. 518 in 

disIZ 7 aCUmin f d - * have " 0t **»"* ^ Anther, become spiral after the pollen is 
^scifaiged m any other species, but it may possibly be the case, and if so the above specific 

Part of the Corolla spread open, shewing the i 
The Leaf cut transversely. 





Rush-like Jjihyllanthes . 


Junci. Juss. Gen. p. 43. 

Bractece glumaceae ; ultima calycis instar receptaculutn corollamque amplectens, 5-fida laciniis 
imbricatis. Corolla receptaculo turbinato insidens, regularis, 6-partita laciniis interioribus 
parum latioribus, in cunabulis convoluta, marcescens. Filamenta 6, infra medium laciniis 
adnata sty lumque stipantia, inde erecto-patentia. Antherae versatiles. Pericarpium 3-Iocu- 
lare, loculis 5-spermis. Planta dodrantalis habitu Junci. Radix perennis fibris rigidis. Caulcs 
tenues, e gemmis numerosis azspitosi, .si >p!ie ssimi, basij ! o 2. , ' > rariun-c aha > moxaridocincti, 
apice alio com. nih sed Ion- m v t ■ • tii> cylindrici, Jeeves. Folia ipsa teretiuscula margins 

A. monspeliensis. Poiret in Encycl. Bot. v. 4. p. 499. A. monspeliensis. Lam. Illustr. f. 252. 

pessima. A. monspeliensis. Linn. Sp. PL ed 2. p. 422. A. monspeliensium. J. Bauh. Hist. 

PL v. 3. p. 336. Caryophyllus cseruleus Monspeliensium. C. Bauh. Pin. p. 209. A mons- 

pelliensium. Lob. Adv. p. 190. Bragalou. Occitanis. 
Sponte nascitur in Provence, Languedoc, Algiers, collibus sterilibus. 
Floret Aprili, Maio. 

This genus has no real affinity to. hi teiu, however similar in general appearance. It comes 
nearei dtpkodehu than any other I have yet examined, having its few leaves obtusely mucro- 
nated, with their margin dilated into a chaffy stipule, the receptacle articulated, and one 
sessile seed near the centre of each ceil. The name, as we learn from Lobel, was given be- 
fore his time by some of (he Montpellier Botanists; not that they supposed the plant totally 
destitute of leaves, but from their being few and soon withered. It grows plentifully near 
Castelnan, where I gathered it in the year 1786, and will thrive with us under any dry wall. 
Nothing can be more faulty thanPoiret's description, though it appears he had the living plant 
before him; he says, " Chaque fleur ofFre plusieurs Bales univalves, six Petales, Filamens 
" attaches a l'orifice de la corolle, Fruit contenant un grand nombre de semences." Then, by 
way of corollary to the above, he adds, " Ce genre est si voisin des Juncus qu'il n'y a gueres 
" que la corolle que les distingue/' 


1 . A leaf spread open. 

2. ALacinia of the Corolla, shewing its monopelalous base and the insertion of the Filament. 

3. The Calyx. 

4. The Germen magnified. 

5. Transverse section of the Seed Vessel. 

6. The young Seed more magnified. 


Perfumed Morea. 


Irides. Juss. Gen. p. 58. 

* Sect. 1. / ■ cnlati, sub pericarpiobr acted nulla. 

Corolla 6 partita, varie in variis expansa et inaequalis, dum fatiscit involuta, caduca. Anthera? 
Iongrc, iuter angulos styli accumbentes. Stigmata 3, sub tot fornicibus 2-auritis squami- 
formia. Pericarpium oblougum. Semina subrotunda. Radix stipitiformis et perennis; vel 
tuber quota.: vetustum dum foliatur enatis, surplus ovatum tunicis plus minus 

rigidiset craticularibus. Caulis gracilis vel crassus, tenax. Folia bifaria ensataque ; vel pau- 
ciora sensim attenuata, concava marginibus versus apicem in caudamplus minus teretem confluentibus. 
Flores pedunculati. Ab hide solum differt tubo nulla. In memoriam Roberti More, Arm igi ri « m i - 
tatus Salopiensis, cognitione et amorc plantarum, olim praclari, hoc genus dicavit Ph. Miller . 
igitur Morea reclius seribendum. 

* Corolla? Laciniae parum difformes. 

M. foliis glabris cum rore multo intus, rigidis; corolla Iaciniis recurvo-horizontalibus, sublyratis 
lateribus versus apicem involutis; interioribus fere duplo angustioribus; stigmatum fornicibus 

Sponte nascentem in Proraontorio Cap, legit F. Masson. 

Floret apud nos Maio. 

A most fragrant species, smelling like the Lily of the Valley, and communicated by E. Wood- 
ford, Esq. It appears to me nearly allied to M. Edulis. Bot. Mag.f. 613. being equally rigid 
with similar contorted branches or peduncles ; and I believe in both, flowering roots never pro- 
duce any radical leaves. There is no pubescence in any part of the Herba, but the stem is 
very finely striated. 

1 . The Germen and Anthers 


Glaucous -leaved Protea, 
Ordinem Naturalem et Characterem Generis, vide sub. No. 2. 

pollices longis, spatulato-lanceolatis, mucronulati 
ciculis nutantibus; bracteis involucri grandibus, 

P. Acaulis. Thunb. Diss. n. 49. Leucadendron Acaulon. Linn. Sp. PI. ed. 2. p. 135. Lepido- 
carpodendron acaulon, &c. Boerh. Hon. Lugd. v. 2. p. 191. cum Ic, 

Sponte nascentem infra montem Taffelbcrg, legit C. P.Thunberg. 

Floret apud nos, a Junto in Septembrem. 

Though so different in the leaves, this shrub is undoubtedly of the same genus with that 
Protea figured in the first number of this Work, and was likewise communicated by Messrs. 
Lee and Kennedy. As it always has a stem, though a very short one, I very willingly 
adopt their name. It reaches to about a foot in height in our gardens, sending out short de- 
cumbent lateral branches, and not growing very rapidly. The leaves are often tinged with a 
bright red near their base. Flowers without any smell ; the whole fasciculus of which is about 
two inches' and a half in diameter when fully expanded, but not soshewy as in many others. 

r, Bervrick-ftrect, Soho. 


Waved-leaved Crossandra. 

Acanthi. Jim. Gen. p. 102. 

Sect. 1 . Stamina qualuor, didynama. 
Calyx 5-phyllus : foliolis convoluto-imbricatis, interioribus sensim minoribus, Corolte Tubus 
gracilis basi arnpliata, ad insertionem staminum turaidulus, fauce pervius: Limbus uniiabi- 


i laterales in c 

Stigma 2-fidum. Pericar- 

volutas. Antherse subsessiles, marginibus valvarum fimbri 

pium loculis 2-spermis. Frutex erectus, facie Justiciarum. Folia opposita, integra. Florcs 
dense spicati, terminates. Bracteoe 3 sub singulis fortius, media maxima. Nomen a wwric 
fimbria, et a.vr t p vir. 

C. folionim laminis ovato-lanceolatis, undulatis. 

Ruellialnfundibuliformis. Roxb. MSS. 

This shrub comes much nearer the frutescent Acanthi of Linne than any Ruellia in the struc- 
ture of the flower ; but it differs so materially even from them, as to constitute a new genus. 
I find from Dr. Roxburgh's Manuscripts, that it is common in the Pagoda Gardens of Bengal, 
where it grows to a pretty large size, flowering all the year round. The stem is round,' 
jointed, and finely pubescent with opposite branches. Petioles jointed at the base. Flowers 
in terminal spikes. Eractes ending in a sharp bristle, though the leaves are obtuse. Corolla 
of a dull orange colour: Tube very slender, dilated at the base, where it is smooth; from 
thence pubescent especially on the inside below the anthers, and somewhat angular : middle 
segment of the Limb narrowest. Anthers curiously fringed. Pericarpiura swelled at the base 
into a round nectary. Communicated by the Right Hon. Charles Greville. 

I. TheBractes. 
2 Part of the Tube of the Corolla expanded, shewing the ii 

3. An Anther magnified. 

4. The Germen and Stigma. 

. N. Shury, Berwick-flrect, Soho* 



Osier-like Coronilla. 


Leguminosae. Juss. Gen. p. 363, 

Sect. VIII. Corolla papilionacea. Stamina 10, diadelpha. Legumen articulatum, ar 
monospermis. Folia simplicia, aut ternata, aut scrpius impari-pinnuta. Stipule apetiolo dist 

Jalyx compressus dorso 
ecallosum lateribus reduplicatis : 
pium gracile, stylo persistente 

pijmata. Pedunculi uxilh 
magno Tournefortio, a Securidaca et Em< 

!. caule vix angulato ; foliolis 6-10-jugis, plu 
umbellis 6-10-floris; pericarpiis longissimis 

lindracea. Herbce aut suffrutic 

Sponte nascentem juxta Mogadon, legit P. M. A, Broussonet. 
Floret apud nos a Maio, in Novemhrem. 

The seeds of this Coronilla were sent to me by the indefatigable Botanist above mentioned in 
the year 1798, soon after he had collected them." That it might not be lost among us, I com- 
municated them to Messrs. Lee and Kennedy, by whose labours so many new plants are not 
only introduced but increased in this country. I am surprised to find ,t omitted in Dote- 
taine's rich and valuable Flora Allantica. No plant is more easy to cultivate in a j 
for cuttings easily strike root, and its seeds ripen every year. The stem is nearly quite round 
The Leaves vary 'considerably in size; and the Flowers, like most of this genus, gradually 
change their colour from a pale to a deeper purple. 

1, 2. The Vexillum. 

3. TheAlae. 

4. The Carina. 

5. The Anthers and Genr 

6. The Stigma magnified. 





Magnificent Castalia. 


Nymphaeeae. Ann. of Bot, v. 2. p. 57. 

• Stigma placent&forme, radiis tot quot loculifructus. 
Calyx 4-5-phyllus, marginem tori cingens. Petala 1 2-30, pericarpio a basi fere usque ad medi- 
um imbricata; Filamenta 30-140, pericarpio altius imbricata, libera. Pericarpium 1 0-28-lo- 
culare, in partu putrescens, Nectarium 1, umbilico stigmatis sessile, unioniforme. Semina 
numerosa, parietibus sessilia, folliculo cincta. Flores albi, rubri, ccervleive, Magnoliaruro 
amuli. Cum uterum totum, quasi oh pudkitiam, occultent species hujus generis, Castalias din. 
* Lamina; foliorum usqu£ ad petiolumfissa-. 
C. foliorum lobis divaricatis, acummatis : toro medioliformi. Pudica, 

Nymphaea odorata. Kenn. in Bot. Rep. n. 297, cum Ic, Nymphssa odorata. Dryand. in 
Hort. Kew, v. 2. p. 227. 

Sponte nascentem in Virginia, legit J. Clayton. 

The Flowers diffuse a spicy odour, somewhat resembling Aniseeds. 

y*. rohorum lobis approximate 

Nymphaea alba. Smith in Engl. Bot. n. 160. cum Ic. in qua Nervi foliorum stirpem 

monocotyledonem perperam referunt. Nymphaea alba. Linn. Sp. PL ed. 2. p. 729. 

Sponte nascitur in Ins. Great Britain, aquis lente fluentibus. 

The flowers are not without smell, as Dr. Smith relates, but have an agreeable perfume ; 
and the detail he gave publicly, at the Royal Institution, of their descending under wa- 
ter in the night,is equally erroneous. I am sorry to find that Botanist has taken offence at 
the preface of this work ( 1 ): had I not long known him to be very sensitive, even before 
I named a genus after him in the Hortus Kewensis, I should have said much more upon 
the subject. Whether the passages he quotes contain any thing like exultation, and 
. which of us treads most closely in the steps of the great Linne, I leave others to judge ; 
but the next time he pays my labours a compliment, I beseech him not to do this at the 
expence of a friend, whom he affects to value and respect so highly, as the author of the 
Plantce Guianenses, the descriptions and figures of which, in point of botanical accuracy, 
far excel any given to the world by him. 

(1) Vide Exot. Botany, p. 86. 

Mystica, C. folionmi lammis submbicularibus, argute dentatis, utrinque glabris : toro medioli- 

formi : petalis interioribus minimis. 

Nymphaea Lotus, Sims in Bot. Mag. p. 797. cum Ic. Nymphaea Lotus, PL Rar. Hung, 
v. \.p. 13./. 15. Nymphsea Lotus, Willd. Sp. PL v. 2. p. 1 153. Nymphaea Lotus, 
Savign. in Ann. du Mus. v. 1 . p. 366, Nympheea Lotus. Hasselq. Res. p. 47 1 . Lotus, 
&c. Alp. Exot.p. 214. cumfiguns. 

Creseit juxta Peeze in Hungary, aquis calidis. 

Though I have followed other authors in quoting the above synonyms., I am not abso- 
lutely certain that the Hungarian plant here taken up, is the same with the ^Egyptian 
Lotus ; for in that, Savigny says, the Petioles are hispid, and Hasselquist describes the 
Pedum li > |> i ' i i* 1 with u ii\ !■ largt tubi s . in th ^ lilt " h< It Ilerba is smooth, and 
the Peduncles are perforated with 6 large tubes. The Flowers have the brandy-like 
smell of Nymphae Lutea, Linn, continuing expanded till the evening. 

Sacra. C. foliorum laminis ovalibus, dentatis, subtus pubescentibus maculatisque : petalis albis, 
parum majquahbus. 
Nymphaea Lotus, Marquis of Blandf. in Bot. Rep. n. 391. rm Ic. Nymphaea pubes- 

cens, Willd. Sp.PLv.2. p. 1154. Nymphaea Lotus, Roxb. MSS. Ambel, Rheed. 


Sponte nasc. ntem in Hind ^uia, paludibus, legit G. Roxburgh. 

Tne flowers of this and the following Castalia, which are both sacred plants in Iliu- 
dostan, expand in our climate from the very first twilight to about 10 A. M. after 
which they gradually close, being quite shut by noon. In this their odour is pungent 
and vinous, but very different from that of the Hungarian Lotus. 

'- / . r 

Nymphxa Rubra, Roxb MSS. 

Sponte nascent em In // a I > ,. Roxburgh. 

I have only seenasingie specimen of this truly magnificent plant, which flowered 
for the first time in this country in a large tub of water plunged in a common hotbed, 
at J. Vere's, Esq. It appears from Dr. Roxburgh's valuable manuscripts, preserved in 
Sir Joseph Banks'- lil ,-•:-. . that th« tlowers are sometimes 7 or 8 inches diameter and 
inodorous. He regards this and the foregoingas varieties, but I am induced to believe 
they are legitimate species for the following reasons : 1st. The leavesofthis are rounder 
and often variegated with large deep red blots on their upper surface, but never spotted 

more frequently cmtntemipted by transverse nerves till they reach the margin; 3dly, 

species very difficult. Roth ihes;- Iliudostan plants an- vu-[] established in the princely 
aquarium of the Marquis of Blandford, where I hope another year to have the honour 
of describing them minutelv, aud fully ascertaining whether they should be kept sepa- 

C. foliorum laminis late ovalibus, integerrimis, subtua pubesceutiboa : floribus partis. Eduhi , 

Nymphsea Coteka, Roxb. MSS. 

Sponte nascentem in Hindostan, paludibus, legit G. Roxburgh. 

I only know this species from Dr. Roxburgh's figure and description. 

C. foliorum laminis orbicularibus, argute dentatis, utrinque glabris, nervis subtusvalde Amplai 
prominentibus : petalis longis : antheris apice productis. 

Nymphaea foliis amplioribus, &c. Brov:n Hist. Jam. p. 243. 

Sponte nascentem prope La Vera Cruz, legit G. Houstoun. 

The petals and stamina of this species are very numerous, and a leaf of it sent to Sir 
Joseph Banks some years ago measured above 2 feet in diameter. I trust ere long it 
will enrich our collection of aquatics. 

C. foliorum laminis orbicularibus, plus minus repando-dentatis, utrinque glabris; Scutifolia, 
nervis primariis numerosis, tenuibus : antheris apice productis. 

Nymphaea Cerulea. Sims in Bot. Mag. n. 552. cum Ic. Nymphaea Caerulea, Kcm. in 
Bot. Rep. n. 197. cum Ic. Nymph*a flore cceruleo, &c. Breyn. Prodr. 2. p. 77. 

Sponte nascentem in Promontorio Cap, legit F. Masson. 

C. foliorum laminis orbicularibus, integernmis, utrinque g.<um>, »«».» ,„._.. . 
paucis, subtusque prominulis : stigmatis radns breYissimis. 

Nymphaea Stellata, Kam, in Bot. Rep. n. 330. cum Ic. Nymphaea Caerulea, Jard. Malm. 

n. 6. cum Ic. Nymphaaa Caerulea, Savign. in Ann. du Mus. v. \.p. 336. am Ic. 

N. Stellata, Willd. Sp. Pt. v. 2.p. 1 153. Citambel, Rhced. Hon. Mai v. ll,p.53. 

Sponte nascentem in JEg^pt, legit C. Savigny. 

From a specimen in Sir Joseph Banks's Herbarium, gathered by Forskhol, there is no 
doubt that this is the Egyptian plant described by Savigny, whose figure is copied 
without much improvement in the Jardm de Malmaison. It appears to grow all over 
Hindostan, and I believe the plant of New Holland found by Sir Joseph Banks ,„ 
Endeavour river, also to be the same. 

°*\ f# 



Oblique-leaved Eucalyptus. 

Myrti. Juss, Gen. p. 323 et 451. 

Sect. I. Antheras dorso I 


rnc ddiiseea;. Stigma s;e;>i its angustuir 
singulis Ioculis, coio subrotundo sessilia, auguhfi. / r. v->;tt\ c una- 

> <nd ' ,: [.ap P t dm ' hn. U ;utCn uU. 

virmtia. ]',"-, tciadtU , pedum- 

xxXuTtrw teg( .Icritier. 

• FloresJKx : « lateralcs. 

<■ folii-s vi!,!,. inaequilateralibus, auguste obovato-cuneatis, subialcatis : fasciadis simplh bin- 

Sponte nascentem. in Firm Diemen's Land plagis australibus, legit D. Nelson. 

Floret apud nos Junto, Julio. 

This rare tree flowered abundantly last year at Isaac SwaiusonV, bq, T\\ i< kcnham, and is now 
fulloffruit, so that I hope 1 1 v> i >i comm 1 in on gard a- forbid ,;', great difficulty 

propagated. Some years ago I succeeded in raising a small branch, \\ huh having been accident- 
ally wounded had made a large deprvii of returning ^>> ; ' is w - cut . id . ! -« to the new bark, 
and planted in an old hotbed/ It is a native of the cnlda; not the warmer parts of New Holland, 
as Dr. Smith averts, bearing the U m; ■' injury ; and was first 

introduced into rh:> country in the year 177 I, by < aptain f ptospermum 

LuiUircrian, and - d rowium '•< t c/ . Tin • "thin his Botany of .New 

Holland, and in the LbiuVan I'ran . om the Ilortus 

Kewensis, onl\ (['to ,,i ■ dm f>.- r the name. Jussieu ver\ b'Uerciul Id.s in his work, " Carac- 
terexD. L'Herit.S.-^Arjr I'iuf Soiandev never intended to coaf.mul it with .Melro^Icros 
appears by the iodou.n^ > \ : .cf It a 11 - )b\ '•(,<« « 1/ ^ t .s ,' ^ , , ; „h u'> r t t nUH 

in my description ,,l riu lulbu. . i.t •, * *itc »i j.iuMii. ,-u -i.'\ \ili \, but sometime <, piws 
gradually into a terminal compound Fascic 
various species collected by Sir Joseph Ban 
leaf, at the base of each common Peduncle, 


1. The Operculum. 

2. An Anther magnified. 

3. A ripe Fruit. 

4. ASeed magnified. 

f In E. Rcslnlfera. Andr. Bet. Rep. Operculum duplex dclkeatur; cxterius 

, -w 



Elder-leaved Dahlia. 


Corymbiferae. Juss. Gen. p. 177 . 

stentibus paleaceura. Pericarpium apice plus 

Bractese 5-9, basi plana cal -v, subsequales. Calyx polyphj Ihn : 

foliolis7-9 exteriovi!)u> interne in c\ limit im mi •;>!. i -> rie posit is, intt rioriliiis sensim an-usti- 
oribus. FJoscufi Iigulati tot quotfoliola ext riora calycis, grandes, ovales, feminei, hand raro 
steriles; infundibuliformes hermaphroditi, plerique fertiles. Pericarpium compressam latere 
interiore prominentiore, obsolete 2-dentatum. Planta alta rudesque, radice tuberosd fasci- 

•''•'- ■ •'■;■■ 

-' - 

r/hus (ju tsi p:;;Kail t , antcjiurac iw:lc , mnivaUibm. Genus Coreop- 

sidi etfors , certo mn Alcinse. 

, toto alato : flosculis ligulatis 1 |-2-pollices longis, iucurvo- 

/3. Flosculi Iigulati pallide rosei, *. 16. 

,3. p. 159. f. 3./. 3. 

AOS, cum Ic. \\xMt\i: D. pinnata, Cav. lev. I. 
. 80. ad exemplar ligulis multiplicatis. 

Sponte nasciturin Mexico. 

Floret apud nos Septcmbri, Octoiri. 

The beautiful plai 
Pinnata of Cavanille; 

his Rosea, 

i Annan 
of Purpurea. \ to \ ary like the Aster Chi 

he ligu! atj'iloiv.ts, 1 ,'iail givetliem more a p 
>ns to the Right Honb>e Lord an d Lady Ho 
; now flower,!; C e at Holland 1 

cting the cultivation of thes 
3 killed by the frost at Pa 
should be she!;, of Dace; 

by Monsit 

f the 


i ^rSr MonJjw 



veil as Mr. Buonam 

rated specimens of 

vhich succeed best i 

'id ih 


rweringof moss and 

stn ;; v 

'./ !'" 

--,. be propagated by 
ion should be performed late in the Spring, wne 

i Receptacle, 
ulated Florets. 

6. A tubulosu Floret. 



Black Bryony -leaved Dioscorea. 


Asparagi. Juss. Gen. p. 40. 

Sect. Ill, Flores di oici . Pericarpium inferum. 
Torus mediolifomiis. Petala 6, toro inserta, interiora angartiora, persistent i«. Fihrmnfa tore 

! ■.-,.- 

'.''". /. 

tlam acukat.i, u.ull/* Folia ulumu opposita i n It ic, implijia id 

- ' - 

/ roximum. 

D, caulegracili, parum angulato, hrvi: fol 

D. bulbifera. Linn Sp. PL ed. Up. 1053. D, foliis cordatis, &c. Linn. Ft. Zcyl. n. 359. Bhi 
phoraZc\i Cvc . Haw. Par. p. 2\1 . cu I Iticnphora indica, I voi 

nigra simile, Cm . P : i. A . p. 321. t. 220. /. 6. Katu Katsjil. Meed Ilort. Mai. r. 7.)). i 

Sponte nascitur circa Candanate et Oedumpore. 
Floret apud nos /afco, Augusto. 

Jiuiksat Spnr.uC,:^,.': ., ,' . ■;■',■, l,= v, i-l'i «•• - im:.i tr-.i IF-aven, tails upon ; 
be in the po«a it. 1 saw two other plant 

-• *f 

WV 4 


Flax-leaved Reaumuria. 


Ficoideae. Juss. Gen. p. 31 J. 

gyna v.-l .-pigyna, scilicet Toro seu Receptaculo cum" quo Calyx extus contluit, nee unquain 
perigyna, ut vult celcbcrrimus auctor. 

Calyx profunde5-fidus, subaequalis, peraistens, folib obvallatus. Petala 3. in ctinabulis oblique 

phalanges:.- . nrr cito decidentia. Styli ,s basi approximate 

rriaiad;u(<.it : >J><A;sY' ,..«.' \ . i ><• «/< vr/v conferta, crus- 

xhisada, p.itnvtatu, salsi^hnsct. flares albi rosciic, sditarii, mmulonon plurium imiiimilis, s<cpc 

kV.<, i.-it I.J. LaBillardic 


La Billardiere descr 

w to point out such important mistakes as the above, 

1. TheCalvx. 

2. A Petal." 

3. Back and front view of an Anther magaif 


Bidens-leaued Dahlia. 
Ordinem Naturalem et Characterem Generis vide sub No. 16. 

). foliis majoribus bipinnatis; petioli gracilo, vix alato : 
parum reflexis. 

Sponte nascitur in Mexico. 

Floret apud nos Septembri, Octobri. 

The specific characters and descriptions of Cavanilles seldom do him any credit, and respecting 
this Dahlia he has blundered as usual; for its leaflets are neither more acuminated than those of 
the others, nor smooth on their lower disk ; and the ligulated florets of the second variety are of a 
deep marygold colour, not scarlet ; so that I do not wonder at Dr. Sims hesitating to quote him. 
It is a more delicate species than the other: the stem frequently tinged with purple, quite 
round, and covered with a fine glaucous dew: principal leaves bipinnated often with one or two 
very small leaflets at the base of the partial petioles : Flowers a little fragrant, but when they 
decay exhaling a stronger smell, more like that of Saffron. The earietj with yellow flowers has 
■only been lately introduced into this country from Madrid, by the Right Hon ble Lady Holland, 

An outer Palea of the Receptacle. 
An inner Palea. 

Part of one of the ligulated Florets. 
The abortive Stigma contained in it. 
A tubulose Floret. 

Printed by D. N. Shu 



Cloth-leaved Convolvulus. 


Convolvuli. Juss. Gen. p. 132. 

Sect. 1. Stylus unicus. 

Calyx 5 -phyllus : foliolis arete imbricatis et fornicatis, apice plus minus himeli.inbns, intenoribus 
minoribus: persistens. Corollas Tubus brevis: Limbus amplissimus, incunabula 3-phcatus 
cuneis totidem repando 5-fidus : decidua. Filamenta ore tubi iuserta, basi dilatata 
canaliculataque, medio limbi approximata. Pericarpium crustaceum, 2-3-locularc loculis 
2-spermis, valvis una cum basi styli a septis dehiscentibus, Stigma 2-3-partitum. laciniisan- 
gustis longis. Hcrba et Frulices volubiles, lactescentes. Folia multarum postice 1-fida. Flores a 
mane ad post meridiem scmel expansi ; pedunculis axillaribus, ]-20-f oris, dichotomis cum impart; 
pedicellis infructu defexis et incrassatis, uno later aliitm fere semper deficiente. Genus kucuxpte vastum, 
e diversa structures filamentorum, stigmalum et pericarpii, nifallor, in plura dividendum. Character 
supra inposterum recognoscendus, cum ob insolitas astatis pi ; nvolvuli firm- 

turn maturum obtinere potui. 

C. caule angulato : foliorum laminis hastato-cuneatis, utrinque hirsutis : pedunculis 2-3-floris : 
corolla: tubo 1| lineam longo, laciniis mucronulatis : pericarpio tenero hirsuto. 

Floret apud nos Augusto. Septembri. 

This species was communicated by Messrs. Lee and Kennedy, who received the seeds from 
Lisbon; and I suspect it to be a Teneriffe plant, but this ia merely from its apparent affinity to 

Convolvulus Giwiricns/s, nor am I yet certain if the stem is frutocent like that species. The 
leaves are of a pale green colour, halberd shaped, and very hairy on both sides like a piece of 
woollen cloth. Bractes narrow and attenuated. Calyx hairy, Corolla very pale purple with 
the inside towards the base darker, its margin and the wedge-shaped folds of the limb pubescent. 
Filaments white, towards the bottom covered with a glandulous pubescence. Anthers blue. 
Neetarium yellow with a whitish margin. The Pericarpium, which I only saw in a young state, 
was2-locu!ar, with two seeds in each cell. Style white, about 3 lines long. Stigmata white, 
longer than the style, spreading out wide, quite linear and obtuse. 

. Part of the Corolla spread open, shewing the insertion of the Filaments. 
The Germen and Stigma. 
Transverse section of the Capsule magnified. 

Printed by D.N.Shu 


- J 



Autumnal Leucojum. 


Narcissi. Juss. Gen. p. 54. 

_ .wtngulum, sue. ulentuhim. Torus d 
luciniii, a'qualirer e.xpansa, intus sulcai 
damserta, brevia. Antheras convergen 
isae. .Stylus clavatus, in aliis parum ; 
>euhs, ovalia. Plaiitw spii/iauae tcl il-j 
.etc i-iridia, un^ust's.shna latuvt. Peditncitl 
His pcndulis. Bractem I -2, sputhucece, subjh 

* * Folia cmgustai i 

L. autumnale. Brot. Fl. Lbs. 
nale. Desf. Fl. Atlant. r. 1 
Loef.Res.p. 136. L. bul 

PI. lib. 2. p. 

P' '>>'<', - s^egit^P. Ludling: juxta Lisbon, co\\\l 

iajoz, legit C. 
Roret Septanbri, Octobri, mox post pluvias eeqaiooctiales. 

Many rare and beautiful bulbous plants, formerly cultivated hen 

\ Vy ; ""' -'"'" ' ' ! — | > - ■■ '..!>(, ; but it lias fat 

ivrore the 

leaves, which „. .,„„"< s ' llsn 

tiiict ytim 

- 'Vom the l,r. ,', () j' ( ,„,;•' "V..-..»r 

icli flowers later, nor dan: I vet positively alhrm that 

co! „ n - # ,;,. 

• i .. 

uv«- no smrll i„-th.- tl-iu,,.. l',. l l„i!li'of\t d.u-u mi! 

t after flowering erect. Petals white with a rose-coloi 

th an intermediate blunt point as it' they were tridei 
iwer towards the t<>;>. Stigma minutely pubescent. 


1. A Petal. 

2. The Flower stript of the Petals, 

3. An Anther magnified. 

+. The Stigma magnified. 





Large-Jlowered Hibiscus. 


Malvaceae. Juss. Gen. p. 273. 

Sect. HI. Filamenta coroll x, multilocularis. 

Calyx plus minus 5-fidus, bracteis 5-12 in unam aliquando coalitis involucratus. Filamc 
sus apicem vagina? ore 5-dentatae dense sparsa. Stylus apice 5-fidus. Stigmata sub 
holosericea. Pericarpium figura e! i-loculare valvis totidcm 

centro vacuo relicto dehiscent Urns. Semina 8-30 in s: 
gulum internum inserta. Herbaaut Frutices. Folia i 

'■'■•'■-. ■ . :. ' 

■ ■ ■ ■ ' . 
(irticiihttus. An hue referenda' ■>]>• >ius Ordinis, >ti fallnr, 

e structura ; uniniferm sold pendent, bracteis caiucem ulterior -. 


* * Caul is aculeatus. 

H. caule fruticoso: stipulis angustis: foliorum laminis palmato-5-3-fidis, subtus egtandolostt : 

Sponte nascentem ad ripas fluminis Hawkesbury, legit G. Paterson. 
Floret apud nos Augusto, Septembri. 

A new species, which flowered luxuriantly last sumrrer, in the garden of the Right Hon* 8 . 

Charles (;,-. md yorgeoiis it fm us a rambling 

|»i;ickl\ slirub, and will he little esteemed here. In aflinit\ it com- nearer to II. Lmnnbinus, Ba- 
diatus and Fia/lneus, than any othe 
no gland on the principal i 

L. Part of the Calyx spread open. 



Coin-leaved Pelargonium, 


Gerania. Juss. Gen. p. 168. 

Sect. II. Fructus rostro spirali intus barbato. 

Calyx foliolo supremo majore vix regularis. Nectarium dorso tori plus minus ekȣ*ti pfdia-!- 
lumque simulantis cumculare. Corolla irregularis. Filamenta 10, basi in vaginam coalita, 
3-8sterilia. Herbee vel Frutkes. Radix tuber* 
succulentus, velntdlus. Stipulce interdum spinescentes. Folia a I 'ler na tel in minis fhriferis saj,e 

,-..•■, . . ; ■■■.:.■ . ■■•■ .' - :.■■- - 

laua. li vm* opposi- 

■ ' 
brevisxims turn it pi juidubio legit > ./*, ut in aureo suo libro Philoso- 

phia Dot an - Linne. 

# Acaulia : radix rapi/m >iu : Jilamentis 5-sterilibus. 

Sponte nascentem in Promontorio Cap, legit J. Nevin. 

Floret apud nos a Junio in Septembrem. 

There can be uo doubt that the plants formerly known by the name of Geranium constitute 

:• . ^ - ... -x . -.:■■■ ; . • ' : ' ■■. 1 .•.■•••■• ; ■■:■■ ■•■■■■^•- • ■ 

his strong ro< ' him. This Pelargonium flowered during most ot last sum- 

mer at the Hi % beautifully in the 354th 

plateof the above mcnti-uK-dMoik. I.nt ti.e 1..^ ud \\w p.-l >.U . 
quote it for the same : its root is also ' 
from moisture on a dry shelf, after t 


1. A Flower without the Petals. 

2. Base of the Torus magnified, to shew the IVectariuni. 

3. The Stamina spread open, magnified. 


Dagger-leaved Protea. 

Ordinem Naturalem et Characterem Generis vide sub No. 2. 

* Folia simplic 

P; foliisI-lipolUcem longis, lineari-lanceolatis, mucronatis, epunctatis, planiusculis: bracteii 
mvolucn anguste cuneatis, integerrimis. 

Sponte nascentem in Roodesand montibus, legit J. Niven. v 

Floret apud nos a Julio in Decembrem, 

This new Protea was communicated by Mess. Lee and Kenned}' : in a natural series, which is 
the grand object that all true Botanists keep in sight, whether sp,'.< R . s or genera are to be deter- 
mined, it must be placed nc ir l\ Acu'tJ >tiu. There is a peculiar delicacy of tint in its velvet co- 
rolla, scarcely to be imitated by the painter, but exclusive of this obvious difference in colour it 
may always be distinguished from P. Acuifolia by the Bracteae, which are gradually attenuated 
and entire, not broader towards the top and ciliated. The author of the Exotic Botany having 
■ent an oblique shot against the Ten a to that species by the distinguished 

collectors above mentioned, I might leave them to defend it : " quce nan nonfecimus ipsi vix ea nos- 
tra voco :" but as in my op mislead the taste of the public, I shall very wil- 
lingly say a few words to vindicate their appellation. Two odn -had air. ad\ been given to the 
plant, Nana and Rosacea : the first of th< s. is so erroneous, that Limit hii -elf did not scruple to 
change: it : the latter was adopted by that great man from the form of the flower, not its colour, 
fgurc of this work is too brilliant, and in that of the Exotic Botany still more un- 

a Rose in am . more to that of an Arti- 

choke; indeed this very species belongs to tin '•• iors. Against the mere 

frlio acu u was certainly mon i t than tl i v. ' cu I for the r< seni- 

111 tailing t t[ u \ L(lj , u i p l f m i, nu . v \y befor* tin idm I in r,t no i ,1 mes, 
as the_\ | ave been vagu y called, the full sj . iti character was the. o y t le by which vegetables 

tion of the old one, was both a heavy clog upon the memory, 

"yius enormously. These diilit ulties being happily removed, 

; <~ • '- .. ..... . , ■ ..,.-. ' - , •:- :.- '■. -■ 

sion, are we still to examin I riving no advantage from t 

lessons they teach ? I hope for better d • botanists. 

1 Marrublum Nigrum 
; Mr. Brown has brou? 

Trinted by D. N. Shurv, Bcrwick-ftrcet, boho. 



Two-coloured Cacalia. 


Corymbiferae. Juss. Gen. p. 1/7. 

Flores fl 

Sect, J. Receptaculam paleis nullis. Pericarpium papposura. 

Calyx 4~13-phyllus, parum infundibuliformis aut cylindraceus, bracteis aliquot j ixta basin *pai 
sis. Pericarpia ses»ilia vel pt dicellata. Pappus exquisite dentatu-. 
scrobiculorum mine obtusi.s aequatum nunc membrana dentate coronatis scabrum. llerlxt, id 


' ■" ' 

i,. ■ • . ■ ■ • • ■ ' ' • ' 


' , . ' > . ....-'' ;' ' •- ■ 


C. Bicolor, Willd. Sp. PL v. 3. p. 1731. 
Sponte nascitur in Insulis Moluccas. 

Botanists are obliged to Dr. Roxburgh, who has introduced so many Hindostan v l<n<^:v 
was sent to the Botanic Garden at C 

. ... . . ... .r:-.,i.-.-. .! -. ' •' . '■ ■-■■ . --' 

■ -.■■*...- ^ ■-. • ■ ■■■ " ' -" '" " ' - ■ , ;.". : - ! 

colour underneath and towards the edges <»] : 

the upper surface. Panicle divided into long branches . - ^ >• 

■■ •■■ .-.! !' ::I , , : :■-,.. ,.,■■.'.,--:■ , ' • ' ' '" ! ' 

■ ■ ' .. ^ , ' ,\ -. . ^ : •. •■■ - . •■■ ^ ." ' ;\. 

commonly called rough, and crowned with 

Receptacle rough with a r 
this respect it, differs very 






Alliaria-leaved Campanula. 


Campanulaceae. Juss. Gen. p. 163. 

Sett. I. Antherae discretae. 

Calyx profunde 4~6-fidus dorso sinuum in quibusdam auriculato. Corolla carapanulata, limbo 
4-6-fido. Filamenta basi dilatata et super torum meiliferum fornicata. Pericarpium inferum, 
turbinatum, 2-6-loculare, inter nervos in foramina tandem diruptum. Herba aut Suftrutices. 
Caulls nunc gracillimus, nunc crassus. Folia inferiora multarum in orbem conferta ; superiora hand 
rarofigarddiversa, in bracteas sensim transeuntia. Floresu, . .-ncrus 5-nariua 

frequentissimus eslinjlore, et 3-narius in fructu, Camp; 
corolla; imprimis stutuenda, probe 
multum differt. 

* * Calyx dorso sinuum in Auriculam producto. Pericarpium 3-loculare. 

C foliis i 

C. Alliarisefolia, Willd. Sp. PL v. I. p. 920. C. Orientalis Alliariae folio, &c. Tournef. Cor. 3. 

Sponte nascitur in Gurgistan montjbus. 

Floret Augusto, Sepiembri. 

I believe this Oriental plant, communicated both by Mr. Donn from the Botanic Garden at 
Cambridge, and by Mr. Bell fi .iu hi- o\\ n private collection, has never before been figured. Stem 
from 3 to 5 t eel , mating in a loose pyramidal panicle, the upper 

branches of which commonly produce about 3 flowers each. The radical leaves have long peti- 
oles and broa. ! i i very wide sinus at the base, but I cannot call them Kidney- 
shaped with Willdenow .- ti.«. upon tht'stem sessile, and ovate : they 
areallcrenato-dentate, „ "» the under side. Pedicles slender 
and very short, do ny. Call % downy, between each division at the base dilated into a rerlexed 
ear-shaped appendage: these nearly cover the Germen. Corolla white, an inch long or more, 
limb much snorter than the tube, hairy on the outside especially toward 

Pigments white, very hairy at the dilated part. Anthers long, pale yellow. Style thick, hairy 
from above the middle. consequently 2-locular , a 

proof of how littte importance mere number is in this genus. I am yet ignorant whether this 
species is biennial or perennial. 


1. The Calyx. 

2. The Stamina and Pistillum. 

3. The Setd Vessel magnified. 

4. Transverse section of the same. 

5. A Radical Leaf. 



Milk - coloured Protect . 
Ordinem Naturalem et Characterem Generis vide sub No. 2. 

?. t*i > I i i • ;:\. 

Sponte nasrentem in Promontorio Cap. 
Floret apud nos a Januario in Martin, 

that it inn) haw* been originally prndn 

at tin- Cape, mav po : >i»!\ throw .■ 

this Proica at cianhani is aiivail) .'> feet hi- n, 

[.raves pale ^rren \< iih the middle ncivo and hi 

. and hard. Fasciculus of llowi-rs aboi: 

'aiuMikc P.t.ih. !)t ami!k\ «-hitonos>. tii 
est silk. IVlals very narrow and curling 
lis tribe, bearded with brownish hairs nr 



Coronilla-leaved Swainsona. 


Leguminosae. Juss. Gen. p. 34.5. 

Torus obconicus. Calyx calailiil'uivTiis, Iaoiniis 3-inlVrinriins hiantibns. Vexillum 
lritus 2-callosum : Alae horizontalitcr propendentes : Carina alis Ionge major, 
Mi-ma term/male, li.uhi stylum di'curreiue fin, Turn. IVricarpium oblongum, tu 
membrauareiim, poU-pm-mmi. Suifntt/cc* r Xova Jlollandu Jacfc aVqua Indigol 

I i'ici apud nos a Junto 

Filaments diadelpho 
CohUca. ' Seeds nun 

1. Back view of the Y r exil!um. 

2. The Anthers and 3 iff 

;?. The Stigma more magnified. 



Round-leaved Columnea. 


Scrophulariae. Juts, Gen. p.] 17. 

Sect. III. Genera Scrophulariis affinia, oppositifolia. 

Calyx profande 5-fidus. Corolla longissima: Tubus dorso basis Miper ncctanum reniformc gib- 
.bus: Limbus ringens ; labio superiore fornicato; inferiors :!-panito, laciniis duabws verses 
latera divaricatis. Filamenta 4, toro basique corollae simul inserta. in va-inam doiso Assam 
breviter coalita, inde !: ■'••;. Anthcra post anthesin ( onnexa?. Perirar- 

pium albidum, subglobosvim. i-loeiiiare < <>h- : panetaiilni? late 2-Iohis, p<>l\spcnmim, sue- 

trunros arbor inn M-undctite*. Cuidh oiniotit*. Fulia i>. 

opposiliy, llruc!(is'-2 <:d Ixf-in. In rrrnlla/i^! a par; a^lima/a in cmhin ore r rum Brth i«. 
Gioxin",:: , urmis? 

denteleno alterovt piolundo : corolla: iabh snperiore \i\ emarginato. 
Sponle nascemem in Tns. Trinidad, legit D. Buchanan, 
Floret apud nos ab Octvbri in Fcbruarium. 



scarcely at all' de; 

nfated: and the 


is plant 

the Stem is .lend 


rly c\ lindriciii, 

hair) : I /a in 

tally re. 

on both 

sides, fleshy. J 



with red, deeply 


ited; lower lip r. 

curved with ih( 
s pale carmine, 

Pale ;, 

d ai'er 1 lie poller 

i i> discharged h 

) >>-" - a ;;;; 


while young a 1 


ted immediately r. 

inder the stigma 

, siigiu;, h 



The gibbous bast 

. of the Corolla 


The Filaments u 

n ited at thebisc 


Transverse section of the Seed \ 



Late- Flowering Crocus. 


Irides. Juss. Gen. p. 57. 

Sect. II. Pericarpium bracteis vcslitum. 

Bractea? 1-2, longc spathacea?, hyalinae, praeter aliam sub pcdunculo. Corolla? Tubus" anun?- 
tus, basi subterranrus : Limbus amplus, profunde 6-fidus. n-uhiris. Stigmata obi iiiirai.i. 
cristata, plus minus fissa. Pericarpium oblongum, tondo.-mm. S.miitui param MieniJciita. Radii 
tuber a nvvis rationt • • „ , (/uotannis 

thacea . Folia 3-7; rod ' a ic . , vittam al- 

b/dan' spongiosum (hprr^icsada. sulfas in carinar., plauaoi ertaeJia. Flore* aril/an .*, solita. ,.> ticntes. Pedunculus in j!an euiid vix uitus. fructu maturo i mum 
usque ad superjkicm term' elongafus. 

* * Folia latiuscula. 

Corolla? limbo basi obsoletissime barbato, clauso urceoiari : Stiff 

>. montanus Antumnalis. Park. Par. p. IG. Crocum montanum. 1 Clus. Hist. PL lib. 2. 
p. 208. cumlc. Crocum montanum. Clus. Rar. IV p. y». 261. cum Ic. Pie de Borro. Lu. 

The latest of the Autumnal Crocnsa et from the AW///<>; 

Dr. Smith hascom mim led ii in his /■'/, , /,', , , , „ / . I Botany. Its det 

lume of the Annals of Botany. A cart' hi 1 di-sectum 
now leads me to tin .k dihi tvn?i» . and that one oft! 

awler) justly obser 

I. Inside of an Anther and Filament before the Pollen is discharged. 
2 The Anthers and Stigmata just before the flower expands. 


Recurved-Leaved Yucca, 


Lilia. Juss. Gen. p. 48. 

'etala toro confluentia. marcescentia. Filamenta toro inserta, crassa, clavata. A 
anthesin minute. Pericarpium superura, oblongum, versus basin foveis 3-melliferum, 3-locu- 
lare, carnosum. Stigma grande, mitraeforme, profunde umbilicatum. Semma angulo interna 
loculidupliciserie inserta, plana. I 

. ■■'■■■-■' 

' , ... - .• : /;■•-.• 

pedicellisque. Torus p. , ' L,ll ° 0aU 

proximum genus est, licet prima fades adeo dispar. Pericarpii dehiscentiam adhuc nesao. 

• Caulesccntes. 

r, foliis viridibus, recurvo-deflexis, margine rare filaroentosis : petalis interioribus parum 

Sponte nascentem in Georgia, legit J. Cree. 
Floret Julio, Augusta. 

This species flowered last summer in the open ground, at Isa ac : Swainson's .Esq. I 
forming a panicle 5 feet long above the leaves. It has been hitherto su PP 0S f a ™; . ma 

respects.' Stem in our gardens from 1 to 3 feet high. I-"-f- tLTLfengS 'peeling 

and straight as in the Gloriosa, 

off into a few short filaments, spinous at th 

surface, very rigid. Flowers exhaling a strong smell mixed with tn " 01 , ' aml , )t - a dark 

oval-pyramidal form, with alternate branches, some of the 

purple colour where exposed to the sun. Bractes dark purple To 

like the nave of a wheel. Petals dull purple with a fe 

they expand, elsewhere of a very pale lemon coloui -not quite regular ^ aS m 

more recurved ; the inner series only a little broader than the s outer, n 

t^Filamentosa, or so perceptibly uncinate at the pouts. Fdaments wnitei 

Anthers dull yellow and very minute. 



Slender Sabbatia, 


Gentianae. Juss. Gen. p. 141. 

foliaceis. Corollae Tubus brcvis, 
5 tubi nunc in marginem promi- 
i„^urvo-erccta. * Antherae demum revolutae. Pericarpium succulentulum, ovale, 
Stylus ercctus. Stigma Iongum, 2-partil nabbus. >cmina 

Jlerbce annua, graciles. Folia septus angusta. Flon > tdU. « «>■»< < : o r ,»b^ 

i frequenter deficiente dichoh 

rum Liberati et Constantini Sabbati, dixit Adanson. 
S. foliisangusteellipticis: corymbo raro : calyce 5-fido, laciniis linearibus : corolla longitu- 

dine calycis. 
Chironia gracilis. Mkhaux FL Bor-Amer. v. 1. p. 461. Chironia campanula. Linn. Sp. PL 

Sponte nascentem in Nezo Jersey, legit J. Bar tram. 
Floret Julio. 

Perhaps no genus has hitherto been less understood than »^J^SE1S 
racter of spiral Anthers, only occurring in < 

annual here figured, two plants of »] i , u ,. ljn( , 

had been deeply trenched the premlma vc;,r, and orim^. . ^ th / othcr 

sent to the celebrated />, ■/. r CoUinsun, /w,. h } John • 

species of that country 1 find they must all be rcterred to . . . ; , ^ /7 

that author seems to have establish Calyi being 

ffers from every other genus I hav ofthecorolla, 

<bvp!\ divided into lurrow leah Moment- vith broad -imiv.e-. • - ' d ap> rin(l | uU > m ith 

. spiral. As 

: : " ' . ; ; ' ^ ": - , ' V ! > 




Maple-leaved Hibiscus. 
Ordinem Naturalem et Characterem Generis, vide sub No. 22. 

H. caule lignoso : stipulis per angustis : foliorum laminis basi rotundatis, palmato-3-fidis, pro- 

funde dentatis : bracteis 7, calyce brevioribus, ligularibus. 
Locus natalis haud innotuit, apud Sinenses cultus. 

This is unquestionably a very distinct species from the Sjjriacus of Linne, in which die leaves 
are wedge-shaped at the base with much shorter petioles. It was sent to Mr. Hpoker by E. 
Woodford, Esq. in whose stove it flowered during the months of Febuarif and March last. 
Branches slender and while young pubescent Stipules very narrow and soon turning ash- 
coloured. Petioles an inch long or more, rery slender and pubescent on their upper side. 
Leaves palmate, the upper ones 3-iid, deeply toothed, acuminate, a little pubescent while young. 
Flowers axillary, dark purple. Peduncles thicker and shorter than the Petioles, pubescent. 
Bractes in the 3 flowers 1 saw 7, half an inch long and very narrow. Calyx longer than the 
Bractes, divided to the middle into wedge-shaped segments. Corolla semidouble. It may easily 
be propagated by cuttings. 

I L I 



Silene-leaved Eustoma. 

Gentianae. Juss. Gen. p. 141. 

Calyx profunde 5-fidus laciniis dorso plus n 

Corollas Tubus inlundihiilnnrmK ature 
bo longior, profunde 5-fidus, intus fasciis varir^K I n.n... ■><■» 

:. .. ■, ..,=. ■ 

Anther* parum sagittal:, I' '.p« •> '' "-<" ■ '" 

hfrn1a*a llrrbce anr, ,. w ., „ ..„,,■ 

I)icu....a. /».'- • v^„H*. ,. W ,/M* .oc 

Gmcrt sucrro^Of, o& os corolla pidchrum. 
E. caule teretiusculo : foliis obovato-lanceolatis : calycis laciniis dorso vis alatis. 
Lisianthus glaucifolius. J«^. Ic. Collect, v. I. p. 61. 
Sponte nascentem in Ins. Providence, legit M. Catesby. 
Floret apud nos Augusto. 

Three very distinct genera, «'." '* > ■ , '.' 11 ., "'. I . . i : L»- tne tnie 

lar IVuit. a.v conuMHideil urn' • • ! towards the 

Lisianthi of Browne and Swartz, - H red, which 

lower side of the flower, and a i tand MutU, 

has short regular stamina and a dee , .„, ( , i;v , (i versatile an- 

-,. • ' ■ • ■ ■ 

thcrs; thetelastlhar, named aft; - ^ on , w 

which I am preparing for the Linncan . oca v. j » ^ ^ ^ mj . S() , ,, } jr )a Manner s 

which is the 6V.///V/»« E>n!tata»\ I. , (u ,„. lii; r, rs , lt s far a, can be 

imperfect figure : it is by no mea 

ascertained from the d 

lated stem, longer leaves, a greater 

filaments iu>orted a little higher. . , i(h a ,-,„ ,.„ 

o. /."'■ r < ' ■ s ' -i-"i... ^ > i t<> -u ■ - -^. th .,_ ^ 

only one or two. Calyx not so glaucous as tut othcr secies, li 

rated, which char* i 

ago, in the collection of W. Manning, Esq. lottcndgu 

^FUament and Anther seen in front and behiud magnified. 

2. Pistillum magnified. 

3. Fruit opening, natural size. 

4. Transverse section of the fruit. 

5. A Seed, natural size and magnified. 

Joseph Banks 1 
number of flowers, men 



Stinking Trillium, 


Asparagi. Juss. Gen. p. 42. 

I'iilyx .'i-phyllus, persisfciis. Potala 3, calyce majora, pcrsistentia. Filainenia fi. altema p.-fa. 
lis iuserta. Antherae crassa?, apit , lateribus dehiscentcs. Pcricarpium 

succulentum, 6-angulum, 1-vel 3-Iocularc. Stigmata .'i. lata* iu : erius Mylorum decurrcnlia. 
Semina placentis 3 e medio sinuum laiiomm sthutatis, nunc connate unde fructus 3-lo- .. fotiu (atii vertidUalis ; hi honrm 

eentro Flos s>. /lis, pcdun ulatusvc. Genus a Paride strudvru ant he ai . > \ndh umim <lis- 

T. foliis late rhombeis ; flore parum nutante, pedunculato: petalis calyce vi\ longioribus multo 

latioribus, ovato-acuminatis marginibus juxtaapicera involutis: pericarpio 3-locuIari. 
Variat a. Petala alba. 

T. rhomboideum 0. Mich. Fl. Bort.-ali.Jni. v. I. p. 215. 
f3. Petal ■ ioribus. 

In Horto KewettsiaF. Masson transinissum. 
7. Petala atro-purpurea. 

T. erectum. Sims in Bot. Mag. n. 470. cum lc. an perpcrara fucata ? 
S. Petala atro-rubra. 

T. erectum. Linn. Sp. PI. ed. 2. p. 484. Paris foliis 3-nis, &c. Linn. Amen, v. 1. ed. 
Holm. p. 154. Solan num. C. Bauh. Prodr. p.91. Sola- 

num triphyllum canadense. Com. PI. p. 166. cum lc. 
Sponte nasccntem in Virginia sylvis, legit J. Bartram. 
Floret apud nos Aprili, Maio, mox post foliationem. 

Of the above varieties I have only seen the second and last, neither of which agree in colour 
with the plant of the Botanical Magazine, so that another figure will not be useless. A more 
important reason forgiving it however is to shew the structure of its iruir, which is 3-locular, 
though thai tu the Inst plate of this workis as certainly 1-locular. W lien 

I offered, a very short time before the publication of the Paradisus Londinensis in June last, to 
assist Mr. II,, v in our gardens were faded, so that I was under the mr.-itv 

of drawing up the Generic Character from dried specimens ; but having these two nowlirmg m 
my own collection, I am enabled to amend it In the S5J ia number of th lUtm ' httznui 
the lir^.p.eK- N u-ionul i«> I /'■ ,//».«-,.,> ■ • »l U'i iii\. ! m, <-i ' «<i' 1 ..a,..s mice.- 
tain; for Michaux describes the leaves " basi arr n "y 

and what appears extraordinary, Mr. Kerr (iateh Ca« Icr i 
doubts whether it be not the same! From a speci: 

been collated with's, there is not a shadow of doubt, that the specu- no« 
Erectum. Leaves shaped Hkea broad lo/eu^euiii! ihuv Mi::.: a luM.-a d -,,; . 
ing. Flower very foetid like carrion. Petals nearly the colour of old 
longer than the caUxand alwavs broader. Anlhcr< about i 
with yellowish valves. Fruit "dark mahogany colour. As tie I- , mwr is isev.i 

Sivon'itan.i «.ll noi d c, loth, b iral - ., , It - 

Exotic Botany says, fc - // is *o be vcished thai 

• . ■ " , , 


• ;„+ „ r tw wordol mou ... 11 i> sul! I01 

f no less than six plants*. 

Otbralau*. Haatingia fin 



Yew-leaved Phyllodoce, 


Ericas. Juss. Gen. p. 15Q. 

Calyx profunde 5-fidus. Corolla 1-petala, decidua. Filamenta 10, toro inserta. Anthera- 

juxta apicem foramine obovato d i :i superum, 5-loculare ; septis e mar- 
ginibus valvarum, ab axi dehiscentibus. Semina elliptica, scrobiculata Fruticulus > wpcr- 

virens. Foi . • / in EridL Flares et 

axillis 2-9 u 'ifero. Brarteee 8 ad bmsi* p edu t aii 

prater folium, persistentes. Nomen poeticuin. EtrOMWtt, Ml 

hoc genus selegi, quod toto anno eft 'ar. llli Li'dc ujjinh r^t Kriea l)i- 

boecii Sj7. PL quam ob ■ uii mtper Jussica ; sal 

cuminjlor Ij subjecto, nccnonrcccp- 
tnculo semi '.. . -in generis. . 

P. foliorum laminis linearibus, obtusis : corollas tubo urccolari. 

Erica! cocrulca. Willd. Sp. PI. v. 2. p. 393. Andromeda taxifolia. Pall. Ft. Ross. Pari 2. p. 6 1 
/. 72./.2. Andromeda coerulea. FL Dan. t. 57. Erica foliis acerosis, cvc. Cm,!. Ft. S/f>. 
v.Lp.lSl.t. 57. /. 2. Andromeda coerulea. Linn. Sp. PL ed. 2. p. 563. Erica rarior Nor- 
vegica. Li ,1)1. Amwn. v. Led. Lugd. Bat. p. 332. Andromeda foliis, fee. Linn. FL Lapp. 

iplandabxmde, legit C. Linne: in Labrador collibns sieeis, legit J. Bai 
, hatha et America: Boi\ alt, < ' -■ rupibus musco 

in K't»iM-hathu 

Floret apud nos, Afa/o. 

This little Northern shr^bdiffeff 10 essentially to its fruit from Andromeda, a 
Wished by Linne in bis Flora Lapponiea from our English species the 1 ohf 

obliged to separate it N >i can il be r 1 r " s > " > ' ■'- ,: " ) l - 1 ' 1 ,iu ' lIlSM P 11 " 

guous with the margin of the valves; for its whole habit is discordant and th< 
divided. In fact, th. genera of Hi cor ties which have that character in co inn >n ar 
other, that though .in ,si en h-i- ui.i le use of it to separate them into two orders 
due deference to such high authority, off «" ot tnem l0 a fl 

now writing. The -iems ,-„ ■.e^jh a:, am a foot in u>; J,t, grou ,; ; g a;no,,g re 

middle of their under surface, linear, n ' ™»* » t:rs ai < 

which is not the true margin as is commonly supposed, obtuse. * 1 towers ou solit; 
cles, issuing from 2 to 9 of ' ' h-'ves. Bractes -, at 

peduncle besides the leaf which supplies the place of a thud bract •- a , ' be. 
shorter and more like a brad j " ! p ' 1 ."" '" " ^7 

as in Vcid^iu. Caivviin !\ i - ; v.. 'Mum id. I'm : I'lrple. van nig <» p< ■ 
never blue, for n ' I* *** ^ „._"*'"!! 

Taxifolia. Anthers long, without nerves, obtuse at the basi 
Charles Greville. 


3. Transverse section of theGcrmen, she 

4. The Fruit bursting, a little magnified. 

5. Seed natural size and magnified. 



Long4eaved Protect. 
Onjinem Naturalem et Characterem Generis, vide sub No. 2. 

* Folia simplicia, integerrima. 

P. foliis 2 lineas latis, 6 pollices longis. lineari-spatulatis, marginc scabriusculis, 

apice mox sphacelato, glabris, punctatis : bracteis involucri spalulatis, minuic cuwus, 

Sponte nascentem in Promontorio Cap, legit J. Nevin. 
Floret apud nos ab Aprili, in Junium. 

A new species from the Clapham collection. Stem 3 feet high, slender but stiff, not much 
branched ; while young yellowish green with a tinge of red at the base ol 

Leaves dull green inclining to an olive colour, narrow, very long, not so much twisted as in many 
species, a little concave towards the top, finely dotted on both sides and thick: Ner 
perceptible, except by its colour which is of a dull red on the upper surface. Fasciculus of flow, 
ers quite erect, a little more than 2 inches in diameter, almost truncated. Involucra! Bractes 
yellowish green with a dull red tinge on the outside especially of the lower ones, spatulate and 
finely ciliated, the last series narrower but scarcely higher than that immediate K 
Petals yellowish with rose-coloured tips, and a fine white pubescence. I did not cause to dissect 
the Fasciculus, though the liberality of the owner would have permitted it, the plant being yet 
exceeding scarce, and apt to decay where cut, if the air is not excluded from the wou 
ing clay. The finest Protea Cynaroides I have ever seen, ■ 

by an accidc. r recovered by Mr. Hibbcrf, skilful gardener, who b far above 

the quackery of making a secret of any thing he knows in horticulture. 



Conspicuous Magnolia. 

Ordinem Naturalem et Characterem Generis, vide sub No. 

Le Yu-Ian. Mem. Chin. torn. Z.p.AAl. 

Locus natalis haud pro certo innotuit, apud Sinenses jam ab anno 627 culta species. 

I do not find any description of this Magnolia, introduced several years ago by the It'. 
Sir Joseph Banks, except that in the work above mentioned, where it is said to resemble 
Walnut-tree with a Lily at the end of every branch. This gives a good idea of its h; 
which it approaches nearer the Acuminata than any other yet discovered, formm-j like it 
midalhead, and rea< him; tin ! M_'it ol from 30 to 40 leer." Leaves more Met!, -- mpe.i 
the other Oriental species, deciduous early in Autumn. Flowers 
fore the leaves, exhaling very little smell in our cold climate, te 
Whitish spots, short I thicker toy Is the top. articulated imnu _ 
insertion of the bracte, below v, inch v is pubescent. Bracte of a dull brown colour, 
long or more, its outside very pubescent, insid. o.kies. Petals 

20 flowers which I have seen, con^ufly 9, w -hite witha verv faint iingeof red at their 
f <^<- spreading oi r into a uide , •; uruel d j ist above the s in ,i ,. witl |> -afuia'" 

Obtuse, smoolf. , .., . ril ,l oJ - ,„,, consistence of soft white leather, 

espcciallythe 3 which continue ii ■ midti' ■ en -: .Vrv » not w y apparent. V>wvn i 

nating below the top. 1 ire, but far tt 

Mr. Hooker is in (i rev die. 

T.' v ' 



Neat Pelargonium. 

Ordinem Naturalem et Characterem Generis, vide sub No. 23. 

• Acaulia: radice rapiformi: JUamerdis S sterilibus. 

P. foliis pinnatifidis, laciniis 3-5-lobis: pedicellis brevissimis : calycibus ventricosulis, viscidulo- 
pubescentibus: petalis spatulatis, inferioribus angustis. 

Sponte nascentem in Promontorio Cap, legit J. Niven. 

Floret apud nos Junio, Julio. 

The tuberous rooted Pelargoniums from the Cape of Good Hope, are so numerous and distinct 
in their habit, that it is greatly to be wished some character could be found to separate them as a 
genus. In every flower of the specimen of that now figured which I examined, the Anthers 
were persistent, not falling off soon after shedding their pollen as in most other Pel 
but whether this circumstance is peculiar to the whole section, or even coastanl in tibia one specie!, 
I have not yethadan opportunity of ascertaining. It seems allied to .1!r. jv n. ;f l . - /?'. 
well figured in the Botanical Repository, and the Calyx being 1 at the base 

may perhaps distinguish it from that and some others: to give a good specific character however 
in such a genus requires more time than I can now spare. Introduced by G. Hibbert. Em, ir 
1800, and known in our nurseries by the name of the Advertised Geranium. 



Water-holding Bromclia. 

Bromeliac. Juss. Gen. p. 4Q. 

Sect. II. Pericarpium inferum. 

Pericarpium oblongum, 3-loculare. Calyx 3-phyllus. Corolla 3-petala, bail MUail moUitor* 
Semina plurima, oblonga, compressa. Plantiv ri^id-r, qua dam paralitica-. Folia radicaKa y . 
scppius serrato-spinosa. Floret Ihactece, oblonga', coloratce. Genera 

antiqua Plumieri, quce sub hocconfudit Linne, omni procul dubio restitucnda. 

B. foliis latis, serrato-spinosis, basi tumidis, apice subtruncatis : panicula longti : floribus sessilibus,. 

Sponte nascentem in Ins. Jamaica^ legit D. Hurlock. 

Floret apud nos rarissime, Septembri et Octobri. 

I received this plant from the above mentioned Island fifteen years ago, and cultiTated it while 

I resided at Chapel Allerton, but without ever seeing its flowers, which were produced 1 beitavt 

country September 30 th , 1804, in the stove of Isaac Swainson, Esq. at 

_ preserved, I cannot describe any part of it from my ova 

knowledge except the leaves, which are of a faint green, sharply serrated, and so mm 

the base, as to retain a in our stoves is soon loaded « ith I <m. 

fervas. The Peduncle 1 am informed was more than 3 feet high, and covered with ■ maty 

pubescence, like other plant* of thi> Natural Order. The flowers exuded a liquid of the colour 

••nee of milk, in such abundance as to drop from them. 

I dare not yet quote the Hn . !ia 11 <.■'■:! i -> ; Swar!.% as b«i ;; the same plant with thi.-, ior 
he describes the stigma .'5- lid, and neither Houstouii's own specimen from La Vera Crux, nor 
that from the Mosquito St rf, hot! pi served in Sir J« ph Ha ks i 
with the dissections before me. I have liifle doubt however that it is a true Brum, 
which I think uith Jussieu v«:s distinct from the Ananas or Pineapple', if it should be brought 
to flower a second time, I hope to describe the whole plant more completely. 


1. A Flower. 

2. A Flower dissected, without the Calyx. 

3. Front and back view of an Anther magnified. 

4. Stigma magnified. 

5. Young Fruit cut longitudinally, magnified. 


Lotus-leaved Goodia. 


Legiiminosse. Juss. Gen. p. 345. 

10, diade!ph;«. Legumen 1-loculare, <2-va!v<>. trti. 
nata aut rarius digitata. btip-.tla- imo petiulo adnata. 

laciniis 3 infcrioribus longioribus. Corolla* Vesffl .mi 
ccallosum : Ate minora, subhorizdntales : Carina profunda 8-fida, obtesa, » 

nale, capitatum. Pericarpium dolabriformc, membranaccum, 2-spermum. I 
gfoiiciw. F< /•■■■/ 2- '">/« < ■> >» impa! i, no, "< > c- A > ««<" ," ' 


t^Uintm woven-,* , ■ v , /. w ■////> At :. -/. -,"/.•' "" w # Nova Hollands /w- 
»km*: eYajue " his saltern accumulcm donis, et fungar inani munere." 

G. foliis glaucis, adultis tevibus : stipvlis longiusculis, cuneatis : leguminibus latissimis. 

Spontc nascentem in New South Wales, legit P. Good. 

Floret apnd nos Maio. 

that he left a very lu 

perpetuated by ; 
ially when his lif. 
i of Peter Good thai 
w South W 
r at Keu, have his name 
1 growth, iiowers and' ripens seeds soon with us, by 
increased. It is sold by mo^t oJ our ni.r--n mni t;>r 

which as well as cutting il nun reudii\ 

. „, Mn , v ,„., ,.:>,. „■ ,„,:,, differs in the trait, nor can it oejo. 
; in this vast Natural Order. Stead 

SJTXS, -J -LI.- hur, St M-l-^i»« from the ^d^yjj 

v, , •.-:;;,• ;: ;: , ,.., , U *».* '-^^^^11,-,;,. ., , v , , 

g; ee„ f y e,,„ W . nJ SW^SS^ 

shaped, with never more than 2 seed* m my specimen, 


1. A Flower without the Corolla magnified. 

2. The young Germen and Stigma. 

3. A ripe Seed Pod. 

■ } 

i i • 



Many-flowered Woodfordia. 

Salicariae. Juss. Gen. p. 330. 

Torus calycem inentiens, inu.mlibuliionnis, coloratus, persislcns. Cal) ^ apiee fori 10-1 2-; h> I- 
lus: foliolis alh-nns minurlbus. Petala 5-6 sub foliolis minonbus, pcrang;. 
Filamenta 10-12, apice nectarii inserta, basi plus mini I 
iatus informs rcclinata. Anthers obtuse. Pericarpium ses>ile, < '■ 
culare placenta central!. Semina plurima, obcuneata. Irutex ram 

,■■•.-,-, ' / . 

| /W/cf « abluikns : 
Johannis Alexandri Woodford, An Htatow* 

«e dicam omnium regionum, tarn feliciter colit et Botanicis largitur, nominavi. 
W foliis adultis subtus tomcntosis : floribus saspius dodecandris : pctalis valde attenuahs. 
Grisleatomentosa. Drrjand. in PL Coram, v. I. p. 20. t. 31. sectionc fructus plane iaU. f*- 

thrum fruticosfim. IAm. Sj». iY. erf. 2. p. 641. 
Sponte nascentem in Hindostan, collibus et vallibus provinciarum borealium, legit G. Roxburgh. 
Floret mensibus pluviosis, et initio siccorum. 

Thh beautiful shrub w» raised two year, agoat the Broken ^fc^'T^l 

iU,».ru-d the h.^ver instead oftrustmg to the drawing. Ido a no1 "™ c f a parietal d^epi- 

"■"•B3SSSSSS ■■S,= 

„ of the Fuchsia Coccinea ^^^-^ j r^^r^Tfindbe- 

tween indigenous and , ,thk trifling 

surface of the leaves, but when our plants become older they win pro , 

shade of difference. J# . ... ,„ rV <, nnn neelins off. Lw?«wM« 

The stem and principal branches are erect: ^°^^Zi& b2 much 

young more or less brown, afterwards dark gnr , tlu . lu „. 

Lath and in old plants nappy or cot! , ,!! the 

vom-uI J ,,,l i,!..'.-. n.arlx hn.u , and minute 

ers from 3 to 15 in short axillary racemes up-. each ftower) rrs , ra _ 

from the leaves in size; soon very small Torn- it is ri lu „. 

aped, below 

, of the filaments melliferous ; 

the same black, aid glandulous. 


ceed in length but scarcely in breadth, very *™£FS^ top of the neCtarium "V* 
10 or 12, more or less confluent at the base, ^ntmu con9ide rably beyond the calyx, 

: , ftboT( i, ., n^i-,*fcfl, alloftheMmc itng . fidbMei p ericarp greeQ 

reclining, awl-shaped and smooth. Anthers dark rea, «"*» 
ish red, nearly half the length of *e Torus befo^mpr^nan^ ^ * 

TT£^^™Tw7 7 lZiote^^3>> p alcbrown ' smallaud ge " 


1. A Flower, magnified. 

2. Front and back view of an Anther magnified. 

3. Gormen and Stigma magnified. 



Eared Magnolia, 
Ordinem Naturalem et Characterem Generis, vide sub No. 5. 

. 673. M. auriculata. Bartr. Trav.p. 339. 

Sponte nascentem ad origines fluminis Savannah abunde, montibus altissimis, legit G. Bartratu. 
Floret fine Maii, Junto. 

One of the rarest species in the English gardens, for which Mr. Hooker is also indebted to 
E. Woodford, Esq. This does not grow so high as some of the others, seldom exceeding 25 or 
30 feet in its native soil It was discovered by William Bartram on the high ridges, which sepa- 
rate the waters of the Savannah river from those of the Tennessee, near Cascades and rivulets. 
Stems several from one root, ash-coloured, round, and smooth while young: the branch.. CSM 
out irregtilarl> and an irn un jiI, i'orming a head more or less conical. Stipules attached lo the 
petioles nearly their whole length. Leaves from 7 to 12 inches long, in a rich humid nil even 
2 feet long, from 3 to 5 inches broad or more, frondose, which term I adopt from Jacquin to 
express that the leaves are approximated near the extremities of the brain kes, being more thinly 
scattered belo iole reddish, short and very slender: Lamina or expanded part 

of the leaf light green on its upper surface, covered with a tine glaucous dew or meal 
but without any pubescence, rhomboid-obovate with the base protruding into 2 cars, obtu 
very entire, and a little waved. Flowers fragrant et t expand. Pcdun 

in my specimen 2 inches long, marked with the scars of two gemmaceous bractes besides a thuu 
still remaining close to the petals, smooth. Petals 3| to 4 inch* tag, white Mri 
to a dull yellow, more or ten tinged with rod near the base, obovate and finely veined, which 
last character is particularly conspicuous in dried specimens. 

Besides thi-. two note Mtgnolnttwffl -ht over by 

Mr. Lyon. One of the»e k the Pgramidatm of William Bartram, who discovered it on the 

■ ' 

more attenu, ;r ° cn on thcir 

under surface, answering most exactly to Michaux's specific character ot U ; J >■ 
I suspect he has confound • nom figured. '1 be • I 

that indefatigable botanist, discovered by him in the West* ** | " 

resembles very much thi ,hed tn lhc P ubesceQCe 

of its foliage. 



Globular Menziesia. 


Rhododendra. Juss. Gen. p. 158. 

Sect. I. Corolla 1-petala. 
Calyx brevissimi 

toro inserta. Antnerae juxta apicem ioraraine odi 

4-loculare; septis e marginibus \;il varum, ab axi dehiscentibus; piacenus longis. ^emin» 
scobiformia. V nit ices h unities. Folia ul'erna, fn»vl>sa, lah- 'and data, in htm no d< iditu. 
Fl&re* spied brevissi idaikMf cermri. lirnc- 

tea? 3 ad i > ' , - < t >' < / > a ;' ' > ■ 5 ' ' (''»u*l 

infiorescentia Azalearuni ut hodie nuncupantur, ealyce et corolla Vaccinii, apprimc ditinctum. 
Species jam dctectce sunt 
Urceolaris. M. foliis subtus extra nervos glabris : ealyce vix 4-fido : corollas tubo urccolari. 
M. ferruginea. Smith lc. PL ined. n. 56. 

Sponte nascentem in Ameri ee Boret lit onsoccidentalibus copiose, legit A. Mcnzici. 
Globularis. M. foliis subtus extra nervos pubescentibus : ealyce 4-fido : corolla; tubo globoso. 
M. Smithi. Mkh. Fl. Boreali.Am. v. I. p. 235. 
Sponte nascentem in South Carolina, legit A. Michaux. 
Floret apud nos fine Mali, Junto. 
It gives me no little satisfaction to describe a new Menziesia, for one cannot be too frequently 
reminded of such a liberal botanist as it is named after. Upon compari.u * »■ inn v of the »ri;i. 
cies gathered by himself on the West coast of North America, with this from South Uro. 
' 3 ventured to separate them. I am aware that as far as length of flower « concerned, 
some Androm ,.,;, u,-, d.rter as much ; but until 

«... .-■ ■ , . ,^ . ' ■■.■.,:•■•-■ ■.. ' ^" -* ■■ ■■;■ ' 

be instantly dMingui.-hed. Nothing can sound moreuncouthly than Minima bmttnt, Asides it 
is not the one described by that botanist. _ . 

The figure was made from one of the plants in the rich 

' . , :- , ■ . .,, -, ..,:...... ].-, ,: ..::..,....-. ' 

!• ■= : •: ,: • - - -- - ' ■ 

entire, tern •- somewhat hairy on thenpper in, 

, : ■ ■ ■■•- - : " ; ' ' - " ,: ' ■ 

..:. , , ■.: ■ , . ■■: : :- '■ ' ' : - V 

'■ ■ - - .- - '■ ' • 

under each peduncle .he two mner ones very narrow and bearded with 
caducous. Calyx yellowish green, evident^ 

long, globular a ' " -_/,.,. .^envular dmsions. F.l. 

I species g 
a, I have 

< the tub '. ^ r r; 

Cached to it, but really in^-rie. 
. mtti-h, smooth. Anthers e 

fiarpium broad-conical, while >..ui : covered with glanduli 

■ vnlh i knobs in the i!i-c : In the>e which 

/.'/■/ / b,-. , .,>■,. ,ure, ,.,ul ■'• 
Seeds Ion. ;iI . ! . in. atcd v here tl..-> are inserted, 


1. Part of a Flower cut open to shew the insertion of the filaments. 

2. Pistillum, a little magnified. 

3. Transverse section of the young Fruit, more magnified. 

4. Stigma, magnified. 

5. Front and back view of a Stamen, magnified. 



Meally Convolvulus. 

Ordinem Naturalem et Characterem Generis, vide sub No. 20, ubi dele deflexh 
post fructu. 

C. caulc sericeo: foliorum laminis cordato-sa^i 1 : ' • repMMO 

sup..! jilabris: paniculis 3-7-Uoris: corolla 5-6 lineas longa, limbo argute 5-fido: st 

C. farinosus. J acq. llort. Find. v. 1. p. 13. t. 35. C. farinosus. Linn. Mant. p. 203. 
Locus natalis haud pro certoinnotuit, forsan Rio Janeiro. 
Floret apud nos a Julio in Octobrem. 



a -.,- !, wall about the cud of May, it will flower abundai. 

hui loin urothi , th« pol ,1 Id be , dim- d i, I -round x i i 

- .:.> s.,,l,i k c .,«-- «i«ill. . on.-: -Iwitl-a 

r^lycroudcd uom the number of branches : Petiole about an n, , l<> :- >- b 

;iI wl Muooih on the upper surface, paler and 

■ . . 

'.,-■!■. ; ■ < ' 

■ ■ ,■ . . i..:. 

isionally, for other species vary in this respect. Seeds 

1. Part of the Corolla spread open shewing the insert! 
, ''» , , ,.,.io Oi seed Vessel. 



Thick-Jiemmed Gardenia. 

Rubiaceae. Just. Gen. p. 196. 

gusve: Limbus plam,, ; » l - ) lL>ri 

ilorM ip-rlu' iv. 

Semina nnmerosa, placentis nidulantia. /v...'.' 

J«V/'/ «;«„/»/. > ' a !-'?■•' 

aw* 1 fatere /«»////» A- ' . /'/..,m',/V..-'V./'.-/.-. *■ '" 

, „„V/>* /I.). /»/// //■>'. << < ' '"' - 'T "' ' 

L,i*in lnU;i!.* In ;'■!"> , ■ < ;rc< yo//f '" 

fr.n-H \Jv: .■-': ' ■ .'; ^ '" ^'l'?" 

TAimiS. G. Florida i. G. Thunbergia L. G. Latifoha Sof. G. I 
nun daciiptas in Herbario Uanh4uno. 

is : calycc spatha 

G. Thunbergia. Thomps. Hot. Disp. Y>. !».,/.// . (' 

Spontenascentem juxta fiuvium FanStaacVs, sylvis, legit C. P. Thunberg. 
Floret a hue J«m,«m in Martium t apud nos quoque per testatem. 

1 opinion, it a i; ■ 

. fta „ b Ofoj pedes: Mto-Oel 

a, was at first suppose!. 


." ■• •" 

• ■■ .. -ki 1 >l /' :iil «■» • ■ ' ; - 

in my own mind upon the subject. 

rom, , v . ' 


t::.- v.av 

the d.e'.n 

L< s;. Lcuu' i'.-uivi 'i to 3 inches ions 

site or eri 

;n in fours : Petiole short: Lamina deep green 1 

horizontal ted, very entire, obtuse, smooth on 

both surfaces except in the angles of the principal nerves, where they are inflated into a little 
bubble ami bearded underneath, more or less waved, while tender very gummy: Nerves almost 
as prominent on the upper surface as underneath. Stipules bursting on one side, the top gene- 
rally remaining entire. Flowers solitary at the end of almost every branch, exhaling a most 
delightful odour like that of the Nijctanlhc.t Sambac L. Thunberg however describes it " pa. 
tumingraium" and in i prove too powerful. Peduncle short and thick. 

Pericarpium only about a quarter of an inch long before impregnation, afterwards swelling to 
the size of an hen's i^, o\al, woody but the placentas or receptacles of the seeds fleshy, remain- 
ing for years before it falls off. Calyx from J{ to 2 inches long, spathaceous as if made up of a 
stipule and from 7 to spoon-shaped leaflets inserted just below its top, bursting on one side, 
hairy especially within. Corolla while. jrnidualK Mi. _ to a buff color: Tube from 2| to 3j 
inches long, straight or in horizontal branches curved a little upwards, hairy towards the top of 
the inside, narrow -lunnel shaped. i.imli about 2 i:. ;•'■•■• in r, d, ■ p.'v divided into from 
7 to 9 or even 10 obovate segments. Anthers pale yellow, 6 or 7 lines long, above the tube 
horizontally recurved, obtusely mucronated. Nectarium pale yellow. Style finally longer than 
the tube: Stigma pale yellow, club-shaped, divided generally into 4 lobes ; but I found one 
flower in which it was only 2-Iobcd, which is the natural number, and with only 6 divisions in 
the corolla. Seeds obovate and exceedingly comprest. Communicated by the Right Hon ble - 
Charles Grcville, in whose collection it has also flowered some years ago. 


Germen and Stigma. 
Transverse section of the young Fruit 
Longitudinal section of a ripe Fruit. 
Front and back view of a Stamen. 


Self-coloured Lilium. 


Lilia. /«w. Gen. p. 48. 

tatiirn, membra naec urn. Stylus in plertsq;! 

altce. Rih'< i aOo i. (/ m * cm a < // 
n;d>i-(i K ■- Can'/' :;>'' 

nuiK apptu imatit. (jua i (vtji/'f. i- crccli i 

Floret apud nos Julio. 

Bractece 1-2 sub 

a .; | ki.ovv in no othei 

« • , isJv penus, 

yet than the Ui-Iu !ion^' Charles (,reviUe\, who does in.t , 
u.iud ,, ! , • „„.,.,„ . ,,. „ „, — ,, -l,o, , . ' 

^ •■ ■=■■ ■■ ■ ■■■ : - .^;: " .■:.:,. . :: . 


m (1 in liu t-enm-n oi tho<e i (i -eded : a 

titfie striated: Nerves ren Mender. Flowers from 1 to 3, in J 

■ - . - ^ - • ' . ':V '.,'.:■■:.,■ ..:. 

into broad 3 et evHent <!au> as in the I,. /'/V./.' '. -.- " ■ ' • « i" 

breadth. I rba »' t d. | lar « 

incumbent. Pollen s arlei. I hare not yet had an opportunity of seeing mc rooi. 




Changeable Billardiera. 


Rhamni. Juss. Gen. p. 376. 

Sect. XL Stamina toro inserta petalis 

Calyx 5-phyllus, coloratus. dendmis. 

carpium basi inter filamenta promin 
lentum, clausum, l 2-loculare Iocuhs 
defloratum plus minus S-lobuiu. ! 


he. Folia allenui. subfromlost 
3 rt, quttdum /»;.'//■ 

',;/./. !',)!<* lit , <'«.*« I I 

B. foliorum laminis lineari-lanceolatis : floribus sapius solitariis : petalis oemum, 

rubrisqae ' : < u laeY '- 

Sponte nascentem in New South Wales, legit G. Paterson. 
Floret apud nos a Junto in Septembrem. 

This curious genus was first established by Dr. J. E. Smith in his s,n *m • * 

:■■■:■. ■ • .;:, 

...I- the habit, total absence of stipulation, and a J . 

il max bo'in^-iu-d a!. )•.'..; wiih I 1 

seeds also ripen here. Stem da 
sun, but the shorter branches whic 
hairy. Leaves of a dull green, ] 
dose or approximated near the en 
late, waved, but not serrated in an 
or less hairy. Flowers withou 
peduncle of the first branching c 

purple and lastly a red colour, similar in structure to the calyx but twice as long, recurred 
towards the top, not so thick at the base and quite smooth. Filaments 5, pale yellow, erect 
shorter than the petals, towards the base wider and externally channelled, smooth. Anthers 
pale yellow, obtuse with a bifid base. Torus connected with the peduncle by a joint. Pericar- 
pium superior : before impregnation bright green, about the length of the calyx, nearly 
Cylindrical, jutting out between the filaments into as many small lobes which are abundantly 
melliferous, perfectly smooth, 2-locular : after impregnation an inch long or more, when cut 
transversely pouring out a slightly aromatic oil from several vessels near the margin : at last 
yellow and pulpy. Style pale green and short. Stigma at first truncated and hollow, then 
hemispherical with a whitish clammy liquid, lastly imperfectly 2-lobed. Seeds dark brown, 
round and compressed. From my own collection at Mill Hill. 

1. Stamen seen in front and behind. 

2. The Pistillum with the stigma magnified. 

3. The young Fruit cut transversely. 


Changeable Cymburus. i 


Vitices. Juss. Gen. p. 106. 

Sect. H. Flores spicati, in spicis altcrni. 

Calyx compressus, fovea pedunculi nidnlans. Corolla? Tubus currus: Limbus parum infundi- 
bu'.iformis, inaequaliter 5-fidus. Filam .:;.-. 2 si rilia. Anthcrae longaj, lobo alio in aliura 
perpendiculari. Stigma pileiforme. Pericai iculare. Herbce vel Suffru. 

tices. Folia opposita, ser rata. Flores spin ' • / .-d»gv!o.s 

in ofmbam RotthoVi:x itistar exscirfpto. Jhactcce solitaries. Hoc genus a Verbena, sub no- 
mine Sherardiaj olim separavit Vaillant, ct Stachytarphetae nuper Vahl: i.lo u><tcm fitu.'o 
auw,ii\2l<J Phil. Bot. repugnante, a vocibus w/z-pij et spa, etymon petivi : ejus species sunt 
Orubica L. Indica L. Jamaicensis L. et forsan plures. 

tomentosis : bracteis apice patulis setaceisque : calycis dorso 
"ulo-pubescente: stigmate integro. 

^tuchyiarplicta Mutabilis. Vahl. Sp. PL v. 1. p. 208. Verbena Mutabilis. Vent. Sard. Malm. n. 
36. ciunlc. Zapania Mm bilis Lam. l/ltotr. (• '.-.p. •). Verbena Mutabilis. ,/u k. Coil ' 
"■2.p.334. Shcrardia toucriifolio, llore coccinco. Vaill. Sex. p. 49. Verbena Orubica, 
Teucriifolio, Primulas Tens fiore, &c. limn. Prodi: p. 388. Verbena Americana, &c. florc 
coccinco spicato. Breyn. Prodr. 2. p. 103. 

Sponte nascitur in Ins. Aruba, etregionibus adjacentibus continents. 

Floret apud nos a Julio in Octobrem. 

No plants which belong to one and the same Natural Order, can be more distinct in genus, 
than those which are above r, iraie-1 from the true Vrrvain; : by the la 

the habit and structure of Verbena Officinalis L. in which the Peduncle is like that of most other 
tile, Anthers short with parallel lobes, Stign a tttt- 

equally bifid, Se ^ four, The M ieeies mm b^urnl has been erroneously refer. ! 
?-'»«.< of :V, 7v , Y// ,,>, t,v Lamar, k. but I belies that ho'.anM i* re; lit in qmMin I ■ 

»" the year |^s. f ,,^,-r belong to Linne's bluc-fiov, 

" -V '"'« ./< '''W." first taken u,, !n ' f ed 7 eX " 

amming the spm.m its th^^lves in the lmti,h M n^um. There is a report among the gardeners 
' .am,- from /',,;/, .,nd the I , , .' •", ' V.v/" PL /»< ' • "• \- ,'• '^ /• 34 ' /' °* 
mblesit; but as the Sti lobed, Bractes as long as 

V" '■" -. O- u>i ■ lint.i ''-■•' ' fW<;//, haung been sent to 

' ' ■ '. ..-_, -....;..... . : ■ . , : , .- .,■. - 

***• Calyx I an inch long, exceedingly comprest with 2 deep furrows next to the peduncle, 

; : Tube dark red with a whitish bottom, cylin. 

erect hairs: Limb do. p trl t. gi , l, ;i | v clian-. 

..^^ihetube, est '-pubescent: its 

'«««■' I"., on'. , ,:' r u„.!,M,h.,,) , M < , ,p. u , . ,, ,, m fl , . 

f, up to its mouth, in the 
s.vm- r as ;he 1 uu. i> below, the nis rlion <>l 
• • ' 

the middle of the others narrowest. Filaments 

win,, mi, short, bearded ou one side, barren ones very narrow. Anthers pale yellow the upper 

lobe shorter and placed perpendicularly over the other. Pollen consisting of 3 or I 

globular bodies confine] alone. Pericarpium only consisting of a thin 

low, reaching to about the mouth of the limb, smooth. Stigma green, cap-shaped, 

The apparatus of hairs in the corolla to prevent, as I conjecture, miaute insects from robbing 
the flowers of their ho.iev, is y, ,-y curious. Many botanists. , 
the seeds in several genera of this Natural Order, as naked: on this inbj paper m the last number of the Annates da Museum XHistoire Naturelle 


1. A Flower shewing the Tube. 

2. Calyx. 

3. Part of the Corolla spread open, magnified, shewing the i 

4. A Stamen more magnified. 

5. Pistillum. 

6. Stigma magnified. 

7. Receptacle stript of the Bractes.. 

8. Pollen highly magnified. 

9. Transverse section of the seed vessel magnified. 


Twigged Justicia, 


Acanthi. Juss. Gen. b. 102. 

Sect. II. Filamenta duo, nee ulla sterilia. 

Calyx 5-phyllus : foliolis post lapsum corollas convergentibus. Corollas Tubus basi hiatal . 
plus minus comprr.^us : Iambus '2-labiatus; labio superiorc cmarginaio, inferiore vane 3 
iMlaui-ui.! (nv Mibi ;.d Lit; - imi rius inserta. Anthers lobis plus minus obliquis. Stigma, 



i opposita, rarius 3-na. Flore ^'<\ >"""- J"-; 

iabraiteta transenntibia spia) *.■.,. h.rmmalo. J 

Jlores% prater aliam loco fofii ubi spicati. Ct nus vagina, no. a stnt- 
ophi >,\ i • plitro. tlii id, ndm \ lobh vix umptam omnino parallelis: Jigurat 

pt ri< arpiijor -an lunih - < rio , . / nut • rah ^ suppeditet. 

• Flores axillares, autfoliisin bracteas transeuntibus demum spicati. 

J. foliorum laminis lanceolato-cuneatis marglne recurvo, subtus punctata 
altemis, secundis: corolla? labio inferiore profunde 3-fido: antherarum lo 

J. quadrifida. Vahl. Sp.Pl. v. Up. 124. J. Coccinea. Cat. Ic. v. 2. p. 77 
Sponte nascitur in Nova Hispania. 
Floret apud nos z,Junio in Septembrem. 

A low shrub, flowering abundant!* now in the stove of Isaac Swainson, Esq', it T '-"' L: ' ,i ' 
Stem slender, more or less tinged with purple, compressed between the joint, uitn t«o ay 

...ioles. Leaves yellowish green: Petiole very she 
pubescent: Lamina from i ; to 1 inches long and 4 to 5 lines broad. 
entire with acute, covered with an exceeding short pubescen 

perceptible to the naked eye, punctated on the under surf* , rhei U 

short and thick. Calyx thickly cm r,d with vHcU«. 
oralis,-: lab- ;„,!■., in.!, ...o-rh. above it hai, 


,w ami shining. Style scarlet and hUform. M» B ma c 

^ lnatni - rcnlated, n t , n A,if„]a if it had been 

I should,- ,or \ ahlMume ■ I Q a < > ' ■, 

correct: thai since been given to another specie, by AuDiet. 


1. The Corolla spread open shewing the insertion of the Filaments. 

2. Calyx and Pislillum. 

3. Germen magnified. 

4. Front and back view of a Stamen magnified; 


Spurred Clitoria. 


Leguminosae. Juss, Gen. p. 345. 

Calyx brev is U < iroximatis. Corolla? Vexillum granm , 

alas et carinam obumbrans. Filamenta diadelpha. Pericarpiura longnm, sublineare mii ur.i 
utroque mm tgosis saepe incompletes in terceptum. Semina plurima, sub- 

ovalia. Herbcevoliibiles. Folia pinnuln <:u imparl ; J'oliolh septus \-ju&s. St/pn' a pcli- 
o'.o dls(inda\ /"> > > sv/y." inti, p> >s ar.llnnh ,. ].U/loris. 1) <;■ t, ; ". dacha* ad 
calycern. Nomen generis apti^imaai impositit l\iiv> r. <\-it Untie, 

'uncivil d mm J a i r, fat in U q viri r it 
■ < ■ ' ii.iquo. 

C. foliolis l-jugis cum impari: Texilli dorsoin calcar ungucm premens tumido. 

/3. foliolis ovato-oblongis. 

Clitorius trifolius, &c. Dill. Hort.Elth.v. I. p. 90. t. 76. auctoritatc ejus speciminis. 
y. foliolis ovatis. 

PI. ed. 1. p. 753. CK- 
. p. 73. aucloritatt tjsn 
spticiniinii. I'unuinGraecum phaseoloides. Plukn. Jim. p. 17.?. Phyt. t. 90./. 1. 

Sponte nascentem in Ins. Barbadoes, legit Francis Lord Seaforth. 

•Floret apud nos Julio, Augusto. 

IfLinne had examined the Bowers of this Clitoria, he would have been much gratified, forirc 

all the papilionaceous plants I have yet see 

(I a- H is rertainly in iig 'nous in fhi 
arae, for one which at the same ti 
) Phaseolus and Dolichos, with wli 

the leaves of these Clitorius are rea'b pinna . no; l-nate : for thon-h onh ron- 
rjr paii oi i,-,,, s besides ihe odd one, two are plai '<! below up 

. :• 

■ ■•;.•. - •:.■ i 

; . ' 

' ' ; ' - : • ' 

*a»ry especially near the margin. Flowers in short spikes, seldom more than two-iiowered. 

I. ( tiyi much shorter than in other Ottorias, scarcely comprest. Standard rx 

.'■."' /.,"!.'' , ""'"'," "*' rohnirand^ pubescent, internally lilac with a yellow middle* ari.^t.'-.j 

he claw: Wings and "keel 

" ' arpium narrow 

vis uith a greyish cloud in the middle 

^partoftheGermen 5 ma S 




Yucca-flowered Crinum. 


Narcissi. Juss. Gen. p. 54. 

Sect. II. Pericarpium inferum. 

Corollae Tubus longus, cylindracens apice parura dilatato, in quibusdam diu vegetus : Limbus 
priusquam expandit subtus ventricosior, dein regularis irregularisve, 6-panitus. Filamenta 
ore tubi inscrta, inferiora magis arcuata, nunc cum stylo deorsum secunda. Pericarpium 
membranaceum. Semina pauca in singulis loculis, bulbiformia. lltdhu* : . rmis ant 
tubrotundus. Folia quadantenus Agavium, multifaria, toto anno p> 

juniorao ..;lidt< , P. ■><■'. >'•* \-'h>-floni>, ud/du*. ! Ulcere. Cha- 

racterem suum ad C. Americanum proposuit L \ • C. Erubes- 

L. Jil. C. Commelini, Jacq. C. Giganteum, Kenn. Amaryllidem Ornatam, L. fit. 

cgit A. Afzelius. 

Floret apud nos An gusto, Srptcmbri. 

When Linne constituted his genera of Crinum and Amaryllis in the Hortus Cliffortiwins, few 

\- were known in Kurope : and of (he ereat n - ■ l!most eyet J 

species with a bulbous root, and germen inferum, however discordant in habit, has been referred 

to one or the other of those genera. The celebrated Solander first lessened the number oi 

and both their Mvi. are ,r,ibVh.-d in the l!<>ru> Keu 

V / w. ... 1.., |1|M)lV( ..,..„. ! ' mnc'i rema-i to 1 don ... . .////«, and Mr. 

Kerr (ia.vlv Cauler) from uh-.-e exe!,. rant descriptions some lionv r,ia> 

, UI1! i,ers of the Botanical Magazine, given a full detail oi 
the dillereni <,.n,i e „iw i :.. ,;,.,, .,„„,... i,„t I s ,,,nerf thai hose winch are bulbiform are 

n ; S r lC Tv r V m 

gj irtjeel under A. /, , . 

b y the names of Ornate ;.. obably a weak bum oi in* i 

> much from both, in the structure of 

indebted to the Compte de VaVdes 

Mr.' Hooker ! ** '*** * «** ** 

-"* Pericarp sessile. Tube of the 

2 till the Howe 
at the top : Limb white wil 

,7/ "nrV^/i JJ "" U " miU UUn aau11 rcd broad stri Pe in the 
email, paler, 1„ >ximate<L FUaB J * 

¥ hm bating in a Ion* point, 

ic purple towards the top. Stigma dark purple, 


CYMBURUS urticefolius. 

Nettle-leaved Cymburus. 
Ordinem Naturalem et Characterem Generis, vide sub No. 49. 

itis, nervo medio subtus rare hirto, csterum glabris : bracteis 
totis adpressis, ovato-acuminatis : calycis dorso edentulo : stigmate integro. 

Stachytarpheta jamaicen.-i~. Vdhi $p. P'. v. Up. 207. Verbena jamaicensis. Linn. S)y. pf. 
cd. 2. p. 27. Verbena jam \h msis. ./ -i a. Obs. Fasc. 4. p. 6. t. 85. Verbena erecta divisa, 
spicis e c .ii)'i>. l'>i . r //.■/. Jam. v. llj. Verbena 

foliis obtuse ovalibus, &c. £uttt. //or/. CV^. p. 10. Verbena folio subrotundo serrato, 
flore caeruleo. Sloane Hist. J am. p. 171. t. 107./. 1. Sherardia teucriifolio, flore parpttrt 
VatiL Sex. p. 49. Valerianoides. Bocrh. Hurt. Ludg. v. 2. p. 270. 

Sponte nasccntem in Ins. Barbudoes copiosissime, ad viarum margines, legit II. Sloane. 

Floret apudnos in caldariis, toto fere anno. 

Though not so handsome a species of the genus, as that figured last month, yet it deser 
lace in tiif stove from being almost constantly in flower, where it ripens seeds in a 
ir Hans Sloane in the work above quoted recommends a decoction of the hei 

prescribed by the natives of the time for other 

disorders, and Jacquin. found it sensibly pungent to the taste. The plant is particularly luxu- 
riant at Isaac Swainson's, Esq. who communicated the specimen. Stem not annual, but in 
time somewhat woody, hairy while young. Leaves bright green. Petiole long : Lamina oval- 
lance-shaped, sharply serrated, the principal nerve towards the bottom I 
where smooth. Flowers in a very long slender spike, without smell. Peduncle deeply hallowed 
out for each flower, the cavity shining. Bracte closely prest to the calyx, mei 
towards the base, and slightly torn or crenulate. Calyx only about two lines and a hah in 
length, exceedingly comprest, four-toothed, the dorsal nerve terminating below the top. 
Corolla Tiolet-blue, internally bearded as in C. Mutabilis. Filaments white. Anthers sulphur- 
coloured. Stigma greenish, cap-shaped and smooth. 


■•]•■ ' 


Glaucous Ornithoglossum. 

Junci. Juss. Gen. p. 43. 

Sect. IV. Pericarpium 3-loculare vel 3 basi coalita. Flores paniculati vol spicali. 

Petala 6, cuneiformia, supra basin scrobiculo mellifora, pcrsistentia. Filamenta G. ton 
decidua. Anthera: parum saimtata-. Pericarpium ovale, J-aii-iilum. !-!n tore, mei 
lorum dehisceu-. MvliJ. divanc in. S-. >m 

bricata, ovata. succulentula. ft,/ ;■ •" ./"' '" . ''\ w 

iulwtiir ml an, m cuita. Caulis tunowfoniiK. l\ w * ih-ndr. >,"■''< ><« <>i! 
■ .' Vim h v -)/r«//. , ■■'''!'• Hracle:r >olitan<!\ 

Genus aba > <%*>««•**. **** 

bus op/i r Jo; ct -. : . 77x, ob p< ltd i a: : on > u^i/as rcferentia. 

0. foliis glaucis : pedicellis longis. 


Spontc nascentem in Promontorio Cap, legit J. Nil 
Floret apud nos Oclobri. Novaubii. 

t preserved in t 

•forte alius »■( , 

be removed fium >/' '' '• u ' la ' 1 ' b ' :,i V " 1 

proaching nearer to l r 'erutntin : l)oth in them, and Wunnbea the root rcscmbli 

««/«, and the young shoot springs tVom tin- side m\n i. lie bottom, an a it 
separating our plant. That it is the ''Y'~ /•' 

It was sent to I I from the Cape of Good Hdpe by his 

also now in (lower at Messrs. Lee and Kennedy's nursery. Root tuberoi 
crooked, annualh reproduced at the top of the premh-ig <>ne. sending out ii 
from the bottom. ' Stem running horizonialU uhen the root i- near tie suiwU 
before it emerges, round and smooth. Leaves glaucous, crowded .it tae ott.» 
if thev were radical, 1 „i. - « d ■ - u - .1.^ erv entiK 
hollow. Flowers at iir-i ' ■ ' ! 

to '20 ilowers. Braetes only differing from the leaves in size, '1";^""^' \''> 
ones in specimens that have many flow ' t,lu '' C ~ 7," 1 ■'' 

and club-shaped at the top. Petals v glaucous and tnei 

!.. !,,-.:= ilt . . . ' ; ' ; 

the nectarium: persisting. Filamenrs yellowish green with ver\ minute ^ 
towards the ton. 

■ . 
the middle. Pollen deep yellow. i ! 


1 A Petal magnified. 

2 The Pistillum, with a Stamen shewing its insertion in the rerenfirle mwmficd 

3 Back view of a Stamen. ' ' 

5 Young fruit cut transversely, magnified. 


Large-Jlowered Hamelia. 


Rubiacese. Juss. Gen. p. 196. 

Sect. IX. Fructus monocarpus, multilocularis loculis polyspcrmis. Stamina 5, aut plura. 

Pericarpium -. , iririw, 5-gonus, basi contractus, .' - latere iiueriore nunc ventncoHnny 

breviter 5-fidus. Filamcnta ore 1 irum «iil;itutn. Anthera- loiuisMma-', 

adnata. Stigma clavatum, 5-gonum. Semina placentis stipitatis scssilia. At bores Ervti- 
cesve. Folia sapius 3-4-na. Stip:d,c parvte, indrjvlktixu. Flute* cymi* (enuiiialiltus. 
Braciece. ad ra,nu> inj' f .rwrcs, max prursm dejidentes. 

H. foliorum larninis lana 'cis: corolla 13-15 lineas longa, superne ventri- 

H. Tentricosa. Swartz. FL Ind. Occ. n. 1. p. 446. H. grandifiora. L Merit. Serf.. Angl. p. 4. 
t.7. Campanula arborescens, &c. Broiciw ll/L J u,a. p. \(,(>. Nerio a;fu;i> arhor vcimco- 
lore materie, &c. SLoane lltd.Jum. v. 2. n. 63. t. 183./. 2. 

Sponte nascentem in Ins. Jamaica^ plagis septentrionalibus, legit II. Sloanc. 

Floret ab Jprili, in Octobrem. 

Sir Hans Sloane informs us, that in its nati ' ; ; i Ng" 

tree, affording planks which a; :■ a ififnlh v:<> t-mak< r>.Spiuii>h Elm. 

Prince Wood. I former' v < :.!•'.. i!n! it a"i C lv.;. l-AMeito.i. w:u r- . In rm root- run in 
the tan, it soon attained the height of 12 feet, ami ripened iVuir. v- iue . the //. /V 
Tery same treatment cancan l> refused to do. From one of the-e fr.h- | r • rw\! i i >; :. :: :'■> 
11 pa -I) it drawn, but the figure is from a specitmri wit by tin ( <;,;. . . 

Vandes. I have adopted L'Heritiers name, not only on account of its rigkt of priority , bmt 
because there is another species « ith a (lower still m<m« \ cmrieose. 

Stem while young tinged *.v::h red, minutely pubescent. Leaves 3 or J in a wh->! 

••■-.. ; ' ■ 

much as to be almost sharp, tinged with deep red M tlt< f decay. Stipi 

P'dnt. t-videmlv pubescenl.' Finn ers in closer cymes ami k>s niim i 
*««/A<M)l Swart,., whidi it i, difficult So d^th^uhL from thi.- "hen v 

, th ! .wei Md or. s i. lw 1 ' t " ' r ' "' tne mouth ot 

" limb. Anthers nearl 

.. . ■■:.-. .... : 

.i led only at the top. 


1. The Corolla spread open, shewi 

J- CulvxandPisfillmn. 

3. Frar^u-rse section of the Fruit. 

; - One cell of the s;t 

&• A. Seed magnified. 



Florid Lacathea. 


Aurantia. Juss. Gen. p. 25Q. 

Sect. III. Filamenta 60-200. Anthers reniformes. Fructus polyspermus. 

Calyx profunde 5-fidus, deciduus. Corolla rotata, profunde 5-fida, decidua. Filamenta 1 
corolla? inserta ibidemque parum coalita. Pericarpium ligneum, sphaericum, 5-loculare. 
valve; basi apiceque iissuris 10, alternis pennediuni loculorum, dehiscens. Semina 5-7 
singulis loculis. .l:u;i. Arbor $m»e Gordonia*, per lij/ni 

denudata. Gemma: conicce. Folia frondosa, 4am 'is, srrridati". /'/. 

■pericarpium: dolcn quidew. at in hoc online tot genera "/lie'' >p<.ci t dr<olvu>itur ; scd ca- 
ne u ordines ad genera reduc initio imo land m ei . , !-- >" in I'inl. Llot. nonet Limit: Aoi 
a vocibus }.x vulite et v.yjji^ou sedeo, petition. 

L. foliis vix acuminatis, juuioribus sul 

Gordonia pubescens. Mick. FL Bo\ 

! infra Fort Harrington, solo humido arenoso, leg 

;it J. Bar tram. 


js the sound judgment of a hofanlst more than hi 

S opinions respecting 

h he means I 

to establish. Ianne 

i of different 

■ \. uul uiu iVonirarvto our will and pleasure: 

u'o liundved. ami ewu three hundred spoeio, in 

», there is of ■•> for it to 

imbibe that of any ot 

,N theon iv p.v^mi ihe ..ji> of Uio vigeubl 

os which cover thu 

From the*. • -f^i * M,rs !ni - '''"' -'HMa'^o di-i 

ow figured, in separating it from Gordonia, though a.' linst the authority 

e been more correct in ' ■' " - v "' ; ' Mi: ' :i 'f''" 

: Messrs. 1/ 

:l.v an.minatcd, on the upper' M.rfa, 

Ming: nerves flat on the upper surface. Flowers 
m the a.vills ot 3 or 4 of flu uppermost haves. Peduncle 
L-ra.-ir, -merally J » o, small and leafy, close to the calyx 

i round ciliated segments, decidu- ■ 
'.""f "ulianictcr, deeply. divided into 5 horizontal ohovate 
is less than the others, more concave and ciliated like the 
colour, inserted in the corolla and somewhat higher towards 
hers pale yellow with a large callous disc. ; 

"hen fully m-own spherical. Sf>Ie 

>tfc« Stigma whitish and deeply 



< ^mjnH/Jjh. 


Afternoon Dianthus. 

Caryophyllese. Juss. Gen. p. 204. 

Sect. V. Calyx tubnlosus. Stamina 10, alternis interdum cpipetalis. Styli 2, 3, 5. 

Calyx fere cylindricus, bracteis 4-8 squamaceis basi imbricatus. Petala 5 : Unguis 
disco intus in quibusdam membrana 2-plici alatiis : Lisnbu> obrmioatus. Filamenta 
nunc epipetala. Styli 2, sjepius rcvoluti. Pom, i tn ma neiim, fere cylin 

1-lcculare, apice 4-fariam dehiscens. Semina corapressa, plus minus aiatu. Herbert 

nunc in corymbum arete conferti. Essentia g ( neri in <\ > ■ a y. n, uibus. 

• F lores rare paniculati. 
* * Filamenta alterna epipetala. 

D. bracteis 4, brevissimis, obtuse acuminulatis : calve? versus apke-m striato : pc;ali, emar^ina- 
tis, parunt dentatis, lateribus revolutis. 

D. pomeridianus. Smith f n Linn. Trans, v. 2. p. 300. D. pomeridianus. Linn. Sp. PL cd.1. 

gente. Toumef. Cor. p. 23. 

Spontenascentcm juxtaCiwi'/..' thioph. ;,-.ii [', Kasselquist. 

Floret apud nos Augusto, Septcmbri. 

I regret that I had nor tunc to ihscribt' in August 

^t noon, which it possibly 

umeii exnaies i^ deli-ii in!, and ;\-i i- an uncommon ch-ance ii 
;orncs iat > my possession. [ shall endeavour to make it common, 
a MLr. Laml . of Fcsperttmu. 


Orache-leaved Chamcemrium. 


Onagrae. Juss. Gen. p. 317. 

Semina papposa. " IL ; ha- pt r nn, v. Folia alti i 

t [a , ;,n « prd/t "at> /»'/'< foliaien, n<na rnrn y<piu>u 

Sect. HL Pericarpium inferum, membranaceum. Stamina bis tot quot pctala. Stylus « 

Pericarpium longissimum, 4-loculare, 4-valve. Torus modioliformia basi mcttiforl^ de 

Calyx 4-phyllus. Petala 4, plus minus itueqnt! ^twTS 

dilara'ai ron\ rr-.'uf.a, fandim d.-or>um m-cimkIi. >tsl,- < i }"'..,": 

T -Vw af-fenia, anyistc lanicolntu. lion 

iu */« «u« y««»«,«., wMnctinn genus, 
tei limit dcfc \it Menues, hand dubitcm sepan..-. 
Phil. Bot. regulam 224. *<?</ a jjoa&iw r^ai /e/r« vr;:c humidiK, dciicatum. 

C. foliorum laminis caesiis, saepias integerrimis, exquisite pabe*»l>iUKiS, sacculea : spwtt 

brevibus: antheris infra medium insertis, obtusis. 
Epilobium frigidum. Retz.Prodr. ed.% ft. 459. Epilobimn huiMliu..,. <■• ,' ^y^" V'' 
P 10G6. Epilobium laf.foli.nn. /V. Am. /• ->- *d 

//«/•„. p.l0.p.440.*.8./.23. ' •''• 1U4 -'- • ' 

bium latifoHum. Lfa* S,. PL ed. 2. p. 494. BrcdmjeUe. » 

r, „• , m k , m ;,i;« ;.,Th iri'ir.^ Iro'n .1 (lank-. Raroncttus. 

Sponte nascentem in Ins. Belhsle, rupibus numiu> juxta mare, «og» • 

Floret J«//o, Au gusto. 

No one, though a very experience! ..otanUt, would £. | «*£•* 

::.,.:! . ..:.,•-■ : ' ' , ' 

■■■ -' ■ 

' . . 

. . ■ ■■■■ , . , ;. .,-.:.. . . : ■■ - ■ 

J2£££~ co— IS oVt^ht Gren!... 

1. An Anther magnified. 

2. The Stigma magnified. 


■J • 



Thick-leaved Tradescantia. 


Junci. Juss. Gen. p. 45. 

Sect. II. Pcricarpium 3-loculare 

i. Flores pctaloidei. 

Calyx 3-phyHus. Petala 3, regul; 
lunatae. Stigma plus minus 3- 
papillum embryotegum ad latus 

in una eademque specie colore v 

i.ifhtientibu^ - 

taria; prater majoi enfoiiaceah 

iria. Filamenta 6, villis artic 
lobum. Pcricarpium demum 

iiiuiitia. ovuta. rarius Talis ura 
i / iabile . ■> •■piu* cmrulei, cjj/iti- 
nfructu dear sum arcuatis. B 




^ ( , '/ 

, .' ' ;-. 

T. foliorum laminis ovatis, subtn 
majoribus, late ovalibus : stylo 

s margineque lanatis 

■ : cymis 

c X 

■ atoam 

pi J." 

calycc 1 

T. crassifolia. Willd. Sp. PI. v. S 

Up, 17. T.crassifc 

dia. Cat. 

L.i: 1 

.;;. J4 

. f. 7: 

1. mala. 

Sponte nascentcm circa urbem Mt 

ixico, juxta aquas decurrcntes, 

legil •' 

. c. M 


Floret apud nos a Julio in Novell 


One of the handsomest species i 

of this genus, and its 

flowers a: 

v frag 

rant ii! 


//< /,W,v> 

Pcntvianum, but not larger than in the 7' / irginiana, though W ill I. n n<. bays « F,Ws whwW 
fttf/ta generis." 

Stem- several, trailing upon the ground, branchin. .1 J .'.■.»-! c»cr\ ', -int. round's', -\« 1 ;=• u. <r 
the inside ol the lea , •, th v < ■ > ' «> u'..,ll_» I . - I >> ■ J 1 > 1 1 >< • - 

long: Petiole} Howi>h v. ith ^rcen nerve,: Lamina o\afe, toward the top ol 
gradually more lanceolate, quite obtuse, though the wool grres 11 u 
upper surface smooth and shinim;, more or less concave. Flowers in de^erv un- 
bundles. Bractesatthe two first divisions of the cyme large, (In- rot *«-r> -mall. Prdichj 
woolly. Calvx 4 lines ion-, woollv. l-'.i-- tiie base, trom S to , 

1- s iii leng'ii, horizontal, oval, somewhat wav i. di- • < j init> a .jell) soon at:. 1 twelv. 0. 
one p.m. 1 1 flw base. Anthen jr< ; '•"- '**« 

narrower than the solid pan, which is onh ... ne. ohv, h (In » bj an ev 

point. Pcricarpium while \011m; thickly bearded with -■- 

.10 nnlanth melliferous. Style not so long but of the same colour as the filaments, cylindrical, 

^Communicated by-' J \ ■-.. . 'l- ,'. in whose collection 1 have just seen the Ca^diaSo rcflown 
in: most luxuriant!-,, and am glad to correct my error re-; 

'' ' ' 
Blandfordsays, in the dusk of the evening, remaining fully blown all night, and are closed in 


1 \ S:am< ti magnified. 

2 The Pistillura magnified. 

3. Transferees I, more magnified. 


Hellebore-leaved Astrantia. 


Umbelliferae. Juss. Gen. b. 218. 

Sect. W. Anomaly, involucclloetumbcllaf] 

; iia--.coiitoni in rcgionibus Cau:asi, legit D. Adams. 

In the 16th number of Kxofir Butaiiji, that author tells us he 
specliini ihi-. g-nie . In eon-'nieiin;; the iulioi <-eence a-, a single unit 
the only reason he assigns tor ihis notion, leads me to describe it wil 

found truly alternate, and in the other Species the) evichntU proc 

th'i.s i u species, .Mr. Hooker is indebted to hi 

.,... .... . . - . ■ ■ ■ 

skind friend Mr. Hell. It v 
uc'\',i(^ iMu'i'trs'-t'lJ,, 1, 

. . . ': - ... ■ 

ver towards the top. Stigma obtuse. 

whit Mi. a ii tie recurved, and 



1. A sterile Flower magnified. 



Large-Jiowered Bignonia. 

Bignoniae. Juss. Gen. p. 137. 

Sectt II. Fructus capsularis, 2-valvis, rarius 3-valvis. 

. Corolla; Tubus brevissimus aut longiusculus : IhflfcM 
parum irregularis. Nectarium callosum, figura varium. 
Filamenta 5, medium sterile' Antherae divaricato-2-lobai. Pericarpium siliquaeforme, 
2-3-valve, septovalvis contrario. Stigma 2-3-lamellare. Seminaalata. Arborcs aut Frutices, 
. Hedera' • insane'- — A 


Flo res paniculis c 

• Folia 

Is. Bractac 


ad basin ramoru 

m caducw. 

cauleTolubili: foliolis ovatis, 
aeuualiter 5-fido : corollae tubo b 



teinfundibuliformi: nectario 

angulato. i 


B. granditlora 

Ic. K<vmpf.p.\. t 
. Thunb. Ft Jap 

.21. B. chinensi-. Lamarck 
.p. 253. Rjosjo. Koempj. An 

inEncycl. Bot. 
icon. p. 856. 


Sponte nascentem in Ins.. Nipon, legit C. P. Thunberg. 
Floret apud nos Septembri, Octobri. 

The genus of Bignonia, as first established by Tournefort and adopted by Linne, includes at 
Iojm tiim other- wliu-li J.i.-i . has separated, but by barban.u, name. On- 
which our plant belongs, is the origin 
lllastrious countryman, and now vulgarly known 

[mibt nor therefore in restoring it, and to those vim a ui-epimcnt parallel to tnc 
valves, I would apply Pluknefs apt and classical synonym »f / ''Jon. 

iorwanli.^ this plant underpass in the early part of the season, it never fads to flower, ana is 
one of the i bj of that collection. 

, _:...-■ !■■ .^-' ■ ' ■ 


e middle. I': 


n'-nit!ii'!). " 

many Daturas. Corolla pale orange on the -hum-'. - j-'"; ' -1 ; ' '■." > J 

, projecting exten 
>ed. Barren 


Corolla not expand. \. shew in- the projecting bristle. 

Its tube taid open, and Stamina. 

Two views of an Anther magnified. 

The Nectarium. 

The Pistil lum. 

A voting Fruit cut transvcrsclv. magnified. 


Hill Dianthus. 

Ordinem Naturalem et Characterem Generis vide sub, No. 

D. collinus. Kitaib. PL Hung, v. \. p. 36. t. 38. 

Sponte nascitur in Hungaria, collibus apricis, etiam inter frutices iocis planiotibus. 

Floret apud nos Julio, August o. 

Another rai uilul genus, easily increased, and ripening seeds every year. 

Accordmg to K.m.IhI, ,i v.m,., in Kawn- U-« o. ,,., solitary flowers, butthis is probably only 
the effect of a poor soil: m our gardens I have always found it much branched. I think it is 
™ os .l nearI l ' of Jacquin, from which it may in all states be distinguished 

b\ um >ugh leaves with . ncn * and long acuminated bractes. 

Leaves gray. Calyx dark red, finely striated. Torus long and orange-coloured toward the 

top where a ;! | es . Petals inserted upon the torus, at the base of the shorter 

tfij a deeply furrowed keel embracing the opposite 

ides larger spots disposed transversely 

in the segm, faped, cut-dentated, finely bearded on the disc. 

r ted a little below the middle. Pollen dark blue. Stigmas purple, rero. 

lute, gradually confluent with the style. & *» !•> 

The drawing of this was made at Isaac Swainson's, Esq r . Twickenham. 


1 . The Claw of a Petal magnified. 

2. The Torus with the Stamina. 
•-'• A Stamen magnified. 

4. Pistillum. 

5. A Seed magnified. 

6. Part of the Calyx. 


Spiral Carpolyza. 


Narcissi. Juss. Gen. p. 5 A. 

Sect. II. Pericarpium inferum. 

membranaceum, torulosum. Corolla; Tubus brcvN, infundihuliformi> : Lin.hus 
Filamenta ore tubi inserta, rcgularia baribui erectb. v 

'« ah apiee m 

in singulis loculis, bulbiformia, margi... u ... 

diu adha.rentia. Bulbus „;-,/.. /■',//,/, - . ' - ' ' ' '™ *» « b 

«L, «& Ha;',, - -* "«*«• *»« a* Nomen a T0Clbl 

v.xpTtos et >.i : " frudm. 

C. foliis glabris, parum tortuosis. 
Amaryllis spiralis. VHcrit. Serf. JngL p. 10. U IS. mU. Crinnm tenellum. /«»., 1 

CWfec*. Sittwrf. p. 43. Haemanthus Spiralis, iwro. >*. *» ^'- iio". a». - '• /• 

Hsmanthus Spiralis. TAwft. PrtNlV. p. 58. 
Sponte nascentem prope G*p« lbw», legit F. Masson. 
Floret apud nos Decembri, Januario. 

When a plant has been removed to various genera by eminent ^^^ a f^J^J^| 
— o:t!.- !' wi ,l live in the open air und, 

a s!^;tiV;::;:; v:.?^; "^ ";':•,: < -i- ;* "> <* ■«*> - shouid be piawd i 

tk Bulb" *Tito "ofa Danish nut, brown but its fibres white and largo. Leaves 5 or 6, brig 

; h . , ;\!:; t t i I -: ,, ;:;\,:, 

the base where it is dark shining purple r ihc fif , ( flow 

expands. Fascicle of 3 or 4 flow. *nng each Otbe 

-lobed, afterwards knobbed by t!, 
,™1 fiLm ™,\ v,llowish tube, its so. 

oloured tinge and ^ ^"^ 

«, short and awl-shaped. Anthe: 

-barged almost round. Si 


welled as in >trin>iitr«t, tn 
emarginated and covered with a glandular pal 
attached to the margin of the dissepiments ior som~ tin 




Scythe-leaved Anneslia. 

Leguminosae. Juss. Gen. p. 137- 

Sect. I. Corolla regular*, Legumen 1-locularevel isthmis fungosis multiloculare. Stamina 


STiS .• GrandifloraI,^.Mimo«. 

• Folia adjlores caduca, vet nulla. 

scssilibus, falcatis basi 

Acacia Houstoni, Willd. Sp. PL v. 4. p. 1Q6*. 

Icon absque titulo. Reliq. Houst. t. 26. tx 
Acacia Americana, &c. PA. MO. fc p. 4. *. i 

Sponte nascentem prope ^era Cnc, legit i*. uouhu«„. 
Floret apud nos a Septembri'm Novembrem. 

The shrnbs which belong to ^»^ ^jjjf ^Tg^eW 

the structure of their 

1 from Acacia in the ins. 
> judiciously restored. 

tipon a globular receptacle dk 
In the Annals <>!* 

:■'.'_ = ■::■..■' 

tuate his memory : but ita : nu „ alul | hav 

££*' 7iZ : r — 8?*^ *" is ltabte 

h ' Th'" win* was made from a specimen sent by Mess". Malcolm and Oonghty,^ 

it as such: that name is , , .. xnJc har.u 

T:-»«>-. :.. r :: ■ ' ' . ; . 

will prevent these two plants from evei . os aI)rup tlv2-p 

Stem while young coten 

■■ • ■• - 

last often 5 inches in leng 

• - ■■'• ■ ' -'....••■ 

!'.'•: < ; ■ 

at the point, pubescent, deciduous - b, >i les these, another muca 

tele. Peduncles in pair s from the 
upper axil*, the leaves there commonly falling off while young, 6 or 7 lines lo ng, round, 
pubescent. Bractes under each pedicle, soon falling off. Pedicles about one lin e in length. 
Torus, or Ml cubical, and covered by the parts inser ted upon it. 

(u!) \ v.v.v iineand ahalf in length, deeply divided, externally pale brown from its pubescence, 
white smooth and finely * y il owing with honey below the insertion of the 

yellow, then for a short space whitish, afterwards deep scar- 
i inches in length, nearly equal, spreading, thread-shaped, 
rted near the middle, erect. Pollen large for tin-, ike 
oval. Pericarpium before fecundation yellow, only about a line in length, and 
when fully grown from 3 to 5 inches in length, comprest Avith prominent margins and 
Style coloured like the filaments, reclined, round, smooth. Stigma very pale yellow, 

The Pericarpium of Anneslia Grandiflora, a part of the Valve cut off to shew the Seed. 
. The Calyx of Anneslia Falcifolia. 
. A part of the Corolla of the latter species expanded to a 
, Two views of an Anther magnified. 
, Two views of the Stigma magnified. 

. A Seed of Anneslia Grandiflora magnified to shew its Hilum and Micropyle. 
i The Pistillum. 


Long-flowered Rothmannia. 

Rubiaceee. Juts. Gen. p. )9<i. 

Pcricarpitim ovale, succulentum, 2-loculare : Colis ^ >. in ,m i * < y\ tculi- ) «hio ».k herr.ispha . i, is 
medio M'pii - ;:ii aii-. l'.;!\ \ tubuloMi-, I) 

Corolla per-; in'.. ::i»a: Tubas e\ limlraceu- apuv Is ■■: l-in:biii 

profumle 5 Jidus, recurvus: decidua. Anthv:;v ;">. '.mc luhi in! u 

hmiU's.iai l'o landta*. f <-/'*/ <•, • >" ■ ■'-"' »' - '•"' ' '"• ' S "/'" /fl "~- '"'"■ 

I ■ .. . •• 

rk>i rarmttis coarctat :liatu Bfctemmialm? 

R. corolla; tubo 5-6 pollices longo : lacinits ovali-lanceolatis. 

Spontenascentcm in Guinea, legit J. Brass. 

Floret apud nos Augicsto, Septembvi. 

Rothmannia is a genus established by Tkanbergso lor.; 

joined them together 

w Gardenia, the habit 

separate it : the> scarce!} 

lor even w hsu »«»»«. •-, — - 

approach nearer to Poi /' -> separate it: the 

but their v—ik Anther*, a character which v, ill probably remoTe 

-? ;::; • : sts «• - *. --- ° f r ?%SZ ».%: 

..-•:^- •::. '.: . ■..:■:■.'■■=■■■.;.■■,■■.,■. ..■; 

. which the gardener sa.d had been aceMUglJ 
powerful and like that of the horirni ,f "nine. m .. , ___, branc h. 

-..■.. ..■-,. I • -:-■ =■ ^. ^ - ■ ■ ^ ' ' " ' \ . 

. . :,=.,-■... - 

. . ■ - ■ : - 

..: . ^-^^ ^, ' -;; - '/■-:: 

. ,,• ■. ^ . . . .... . ■■ ; - — ■ - -; ", . . 

' ; , ■ . . -^ ' "-■ 

- . ■ ..'.■-,...• ' i V.-iM-u.. ,,- 

Anthers long and recurved. Stigma narrower than in Ga, duua, and not 



Gland-covered Oxalis. 


Rutaceae. Juss. Gen. p. 296. 

Sect. I. Folia stipulacea. Filamenta 10, toro inserta. 

Calyx 5-phyllus, persistens. Petala 5, annulo filamentorum inserta, supra ungues in plerisque 
confluentia, decidua. I - bwi inter petala melld 

loncriora nunc dcntem exserentia, marcescentia. Pericarpium membranaceum, 5-angulum, 
5-loculare, 10-valve. Styli 5, persistentes. Stigmata in 

, ■ 

culati. Bractece 2, interdum sparse. 

» Pedunculi 1-Jlori. 

• • Folia 3-nata : foliolis oblongis. 

obcuneatis, em 
ado: petalis i 
stylis brevibus. 

0. arcuata. Jacq. Diss. p. 67. n. 46. t. 31. 

Sponte nascentem in Proraontorio Cap, legit J. Niven. 

Floret apud nos Octobri. 

The genus of Oxalis has certainly some affinity to the Geranice, 

has nlarnrl if- h fl»t it It StlUlHOI 

Rntacece, espa • !' ni: 

, .'T....V :■' ' ' ' • ' ■ ' : ■ : ■ " ! . : ... ■'.:.'; ,■■;;:.■ 

the woody sped, , ■ a ^^ >P«*» of <&»» sh ° uld b ° J ° me 

f ft p iW- -- *—"*• ^serration. I have compared the 
greater par; , i miens, wi 

besides which 1 have seen about forty more species from 
their genitalia physio! ._, !h . i ' n >t be surprised .it 
the Pollen of others brought by Insects, the product .s often not a variety, 

Qt8, no r-nlnnred elands in their leaves 

but in this, which was communicated I £ are quite 

«md r the cuticle, and as the name i ^nce 

straight, I have proposed another from that singular circums a . minute! v 

Bulb large, ovate. Stem from 6 to 15 ^b**S£' s 5S slender. 

- • 

Hnea long, nan on. obwi-,!y I | (he a J!-. 

underneath; the outer ones raL *l owersS011 •> 

J to the conei 
jse two Order: 

lUlu uu.. ~ ---. _ ^ ^ rv 

With t 

Fhe Stigmata c 

rrect, and only expanded when the sun shines. Peduncles pale red, much thicker than the 
petMei hut nearly the same length, reclined, round, very pubescent. Bractes greenish red, 
rteu the ralyx and generally opposite to each other. Calyx marked near the top with two rows 
fff gjaofe, ebtew. IVtals about 7 lines long: Claw pale yellow and shining: Limb in the part 
" kit* is exposed n bile rolled up of a dirty pink, elsewhere of a brilliant rose-colour with deeper 
ftte, a little oblique, smooth. Filaments white, shining, the 5 shorter about as long 
" " ''■ «0 x - *■ ' ■*« almost twice as long and without teeth. Anthers roundish. Styles 
lower filaments, spreading, round, smooth. Stigma pale green, hemis- 
pfcci -» projecting between the filaments. 5 f S J 

1 . A loaf of the Calyx magnified. 
% The Genitalia magnified. 

3. The bottom of a Petiole magnified. 

4. Two views of an Anther magnified. 
s A .:„„, e p eta , 

The young Fruit cut open and magnified. 









Stem-clasping Erodendrum. 


Protese. Juss. Gen. b. 78. 

Corolla 2-labiata, labio altero angusto. Pericarpium fusiforme, undique barbatum. Stigma 
cvlindraceuni, obtusum. Frutkes facie varu. iotia sunpltcta, ptia/fusfa lat/^iman. 

Flore* in cap/,' d t, > at terminal/ ant /at, rali. Urn ha 1 i ,tu tin" <l<>- /■' 'tei I . "lucrum 
mujorum coloratarum, rigidcs. Mult as species a Protea sub tttido Leucadmdri, qui ad aliud 
gen. is rcstituemhix. in Sp! PL separavit Limit', postca adienient/bus novi itcrum conjunct. 
Hue ideu citanda oaiu . quas in hat up re jam descripsi. JS'omcn ub i^, U ;.-....,, hint 
jruticibu* valde arnatis. 

« • Flares e caule vetusto laterales. 

E. caulc decumbente: 
bracteis involucri ex 

Sponte nasccntem in Hottentots Holland, montibus, legit J. Niven. 

Floret apud nos, a Januario in Martium. 

In the second number of this work, it was remarked that the genus of Protect o«gkl to be 

diude-d: a d • acquainted with most <<; ' iwitCM- 

tain<. or at least pr< -u ning so, 1 ven i to il 'i - ish ' « ' ' rt| ' ' 

■_ .- ,:. i , r.- :... ■.■ .t F-..-..--. . i :■ ■ ~ ' ' 

•ftoity, and was introduced by George Ilibbert, Esq. M. P. in whose collection »t has lately 
flowered. _ 

Stem two or three feet long, decumbent, round, smooth. ! &•»- Leases 

J... ■ " ■ ■'■ 

entire, mucronai, d. J.-v uli n tu-ir ii...- m al i* nil-bed „,i. •' v .. \-.'.- . i u>.V n-.n 
their inserlion. P lowers lateral, from the old part of the stein. led n :■ — >r ., 
entirelv covered v. ill, Bractes. which are -radish icr.^henrd r 
f ringed" Involiicriun, internally- paler and smooth, tia-e 1- • ■ 

,-v ■ \ 
Caffi white. : : . bilid. Style very thick at the base, white. Mig-.ia N» 

coloured, cylind »▼«, obtuse. 

! ■ . . 

ters, the stria lure of the Bracti-. 'j.!n>tn Lmuc scribes as a Lalyx, 

is fully as important as that of the Corolla or Pericarpium. 
Leucadendrum. Plukn. Corolla 2-labiata, labio altero Ugosto. P 

loraia, am, scariosv. Nomen a jouarr^., turn dtcerni genera . 

i, persistens. Pericarpium ventricosuin absque Callis, 

, emarginatiim. Friitices Arborcsve. Folia Integra. 
krminali. Bractea 1 inter singulos Involucro sterilium 
et UgnosoB. P. Argentea, Levisanus, Parviflora, fyc. 

da. Pericarpium compressum margine alato, laeve. 
? dioicL '■ 
iprce te 
ib eupvs et tntepita, seminibus latis. P. Strobilina, 

nam compressum margine alato, here. Stigma 

Folia Integra, mm di versa in eudcm rtirpc. 

L Honour, uiuie SlruOihiif cunccllatus . No men a 

. Pmcurpium vc,i 
glabri. Folia intt 

;rosa?. P. Piuifoli 

itricosum absque Callis, barbatum. Stignu 
gra. Flares dioici in spicis corymbosis ter 
as nullce, fcemineorum exterioribits stcriliba 
a fa' mi mi cirjus est Bracteata, P. Aulace 

iia. Pericarpium 1 

u«°njt} 9 et r lfic 

i Callis, varie I 
natifda. Flore 
\ i pier singula* 
turn Callorum. 


P. Fuci 

rofunde 4-fula. Pericarpium ventrico 

:<%a!um. obtii^um. /-'. 

• r th , >l r > ■' n , /", n 
ta, Sic. 

F I, t m'tu'r 

'on<vrnivhi'' ( V 

. Cyanoi 

-i'ula, lacinia dorsa! ; 

i majorc. Pericarp 
pediceUatis, spicati- 

ices ramis longi 


Br arte 

7. Corolla and Stamii 
S. Two views of the 
9.- A Seed. 
10. The Embryo. 


Small Castalia. 
Ordinem Naturalem et Characterem Generis vide sub, No. 14. 

* Laminae foliorum usque adpetiolumfiisa:. 
C. foliorumlobis parum acuminatis: toro modioliformi : petalis 12-14, exterioribus m poffi. 

cem longis : stigmate 7-8-radiato. 
Sponte nascitur forsan in China, 
Floret apud nos a Junio in Septembrem. 

rr a ^ d m r^ 

expanded at the same, one of which ^ ^ descnbea . fc {] ^ 

S^rEn^p^UTe P ^^ only protruding their petioles so far as to exclude 

ft 'Wfmle slender round, smooth : Lamina dark 

Leaves smaller than in any yet dacorcred: ^^J^iZL, almost o.buula, v,,v 

« r ''<" i ' 11 '-' Ult '" ! ';' !1 ;; l,,lU, Txhitan sweet odour resembling that of our gard,u/',V ; 

5 oth nt' longitudinally «f4^ T o»^S « *J 

like the nave of a wheel, slightly 4-angular. Calyx 8^^/°^ w j 
the middle nerve of each leaflet not so transparent as m ot . ( 

with a tinge of green on the outside of the four "^ ^^f^'Xr ones gradu 

— ■"• ■ - ■ ' '/' :./■: , . v- ■ ■■ - ■ 
VW :'.■ ' ■ '" '■■■■-■— ■■ -' ■■.:.- ■;. ■: 
; -■■ ■ ■ ■• ■ *■ "■ ^^ : . ;-.. :'■ '■..': ■' ■■■ ■• - ^ 

yellow : its divisions or rays horizontally recur* cu 

h.nt iuv.anK, broad, lane-ohm-, obtuse: p.. ><-o< n •■ m0 re oblong 

, !a-cundatmg fluid ot the ronu 

1 * 



Noble Souihwellia. 

Steiculiacese. Vent. Jard. Malm. 

^^ZZ^£X^^ S- ™«tf»J*™«» species in iUroano toW* 
S. foliorum lannnis 4-K poliices longis, par™ oWa.o-lauceolatis, adultblacidis, merabranaceb: 
peduncalo rare pubiscentc: stigmate breviter 3-S-lobo. 

£««.>/. iy:'#i. 350. Cavalain. BAeflf. Hort. Mal.v. l.p. 89. 1. 99. 
Sponte nascentem in Ins. Ceylon, legit P. Herman. 
Floret Februario, in natali solo tunc foliis denudata. 

, , l i u n „ :«ortv nWrved that the plant? »l DTttenl 

Monsieur Ventenat, in the work above quot,,.. 

:■„■,■, . .:• «■ ■•■ - . ■ ^ ' ,. " , .:..:.-. 

•:. ' ::•• •.:,,• ' ^ ,.-.!•:. -'"' ■ - " ; . ^ . ■ •■'., . ' 

, '' ■■ " ^ '..::•'■ . ■ - " - 

;';*., Ml M :;. v: ;:;;:;;:r^\: ;■■ - • ^.^ on, 0,000^.^ 


S. Pi fcrofo&'a from Japan. A i ..;,. a!i ,j a . 

country Is so pr «ud of, Dryandcr, nevt - _, mt> n »w 

proposed to be fully as * and vcr y dichotomous pedun- 

cte : lastly, a third from the coasl nd worthy of 

long a period been devoted to the I Pgj f r0 m which the draw- 

>■'•■■■■■>■■ ■ ' 

- -:..:■- . ■■ : : • '*■ ' ■".,...- ' ■ ''■■'■ ' • 

. ... .•'-■■: ■ - . 

■ : ' I,-.:,.- ■■: 

•■:•. r. ■-:... ; ■■»■■-■ 

three of the purest writers of the golden '< - - ( \ ■ • , ) >y, M. I 

I'acitns, llht. '2. 50. 3, uulio principal'! paraiu scd wu.iu B c« 


Stem in its native country l l and 3 feet in (lam-tor. exsudiug a mucilaginous sap when cut, 
forming n "■»'»! shade, but without leaves for a short period, as it i> i.i 

( >ur .to. -if properU treated and kept dry in the autumn. Leaves alternate: Pet.ole thicker at 
the top and bottom : Lamina often a foot long, somewhat obovate, pubescent while young espe- 
i ri the upper surface though not so much as am 
1 IJractes soon falling off. Flowers in long racemes at the bottom of the young 
B axOl the leaves of which are gene. 
Calyx pale dull yellow, 3 lines long or more, cyathiform, melliferous at the base: itt 

get in the male than the hermaphrodite flower. Anthers perfect in all 
I examined, whether male or hermaphrodite, generally 10, in twins or their lobes 
l .urn from 3 to 5-lobed, before impregnation of a bright scar; 
. the -I vie falls off and the lobes begin to separate so as to appear at tai 
fruits, ripening unequally one lobe being often green when another is brown, of a beautiful 

Style pale dull yellow, bent down closely toward the anthers I 

nation has taken place. Stigma very slightly lobed. Seeds first red, then deep purple, lastly of 

i lour, and Mi afl ripening at once even in the same pod: Embryo large, immersed 

i„atl kP . i ' i: Cot ledu si ir. v n n several parallel nerves : Radicle remote from the 

.. the teed. Fi I mently only one seed comes to perfection, but the 

aber is from 5 to 8, and I have no doubt that if Monsieur Ventenat had carefully 

,■ - ■.turr of his fruit, he would have found traces of them, and not made a distinct 

species from that single character. 

1. A Male Flower magnified. . 

2. An Hermaphrodite Flower cut open, magnified. . 

3. The Fruit just beginning to change colour, but not full grown, with part of one Lobe cut 

off to shew the seeds. 

4. A ripe Seed, shewing the Caruncle at the Hilum, also cut transversely shewing the Embryo 

in the middle of the Perispermum. 

5. The Embrvo. 

6. The pedicclliform Torus and Anthers of a Male Flower, highly magnified. 

7. The same of an Hermaphrodite Flower, with the Pistil, 



Tough Erodendrum. 
Ordinem Naturalem et Characterem Generis vide sub No. 07 

i Ffores terminates. 

E. foliis 7-9 lineas latis, 5-6 pollices longis, lanceolato-spat -M*^™^^ . 
lato, subpunctatis, adultis Iambus, cvidenter nervos.s : bracteis mvolucn exquisite 
ciliatisque, ultimis perangustis. 

Sponte nascentem in Hottentot's Holland, legit J. Niven, 

Floret apud nos a Fevruario in Maium. 

I have long had a suspicion that many P^itSiltittM 
hybrid or umles from a defect in their stigma, which , ho, g ■ , «*f haye 

constantly found dry without any secreting surface, it may no ^^ Qf 

^ saury to imbibe the contents of the pollen, and if so this accounts g 

SP ThTpresent shrub is nearly allied to the ^^^^^^^i^S 

from the Clapham collection : but I cannot regard it as aw. ^ q( them 

nor is the adult P^^'Jf^ot olWe-colonrrf as in the J**- 

Stem very tough, pal. \ or vThkk and conspicuous, by which it may also 

red toward the bottom, middle nerve very thick ana coip ^ ormore i:i dl , i;i! ,._ 

tgnished from the Longifolium. Fasciculus of flowe" erect, tw 

ter. Bractes of the Involucrum y^f .f ^ S en 1 o'me had been all expanded some 

4 grooves perceptible through a single lens. 



Spatula-leaved Claytonia. 

Filamenta5 toro ;>etalisopposita. Pericarpium 

._, polyspermum, 3-val , ^^^ 

, .,..,.■. • . ; • - ^^' ■ - . ' :•■■ ........ 

Bracteu JH ■ A /> congemerei C. Sibinca L. rf 1 erlouatu ti inu. 

pericarpio for s a a ••<^ abludenta, f 

C. foliis spatulatis : calyeia foliolis obtusis : petalorum nervis valdc coloratis. 
C. earoliniana. Mick. Fl. Boreali-Am. V. i. p. 100. C. virginica p. SoW. in Ait. Uort. Km. v. l.p. 

Sponte nascentem in South Carolina montibus excelsis, legit A. Michaux. 
Floret apud nos Aprili, Maio. 


L Ro^about the *. of a Spanish nut, dull brown, sending ^^J^T^SZ TJZ 
.he top. Leaves few, radical ones attenuated ,„.o pennies . 
ground for a short space like those of most Cydamtn , from . 
entire, ohtuse, smooVsuceulent. > ; 

T °™ »»icl, f J 1'" f: a "b' th't purPfc, deepl divided b..,h at 

1. A Petal magnified, si 
views of a Stigma magnified. 3. Pistillum natural sitt 
nified. 5. A young Seed magnified. 



Shining Leaved Begonia. 

Hydrocharides, Juts. Gen. p. 67. 

d , :,, ida t.K. Ferrogii al* ^ <™-' w 

B. [ „h u /. \ « >."> " <!<>t'"4 uead(B ' 
n .rinnli. irate carinatis ■ foliorum petiole teretibus : laminis oblongis, obsolctedcntatis, Wtl is pr»- 
maxim &»«broUmd&. 

• • , r» ,J ;* T tui Tr«*s. P. 1 . V 159- B. nitida. Ury«»rf. 
B.NitHln..S7/, 7 .. 7^-.;, 17./.P.I\- . p#1 , . ;.,. 46. B. minor. J*.*. 

,« yi,7. //„, /. /ww. v. 3. />. 352. 11. obh 4 u:i. l.Uo '•■ 
Ic. Collect, p. 126. B. purpurea. Ami*. Frodr. p. 86. 

Sponte nascent 'in in Ins. Jm/htica, locis um iosi , g 
Floret apud nos a Maio in Novembrem. 

r «r~i ronseauence in determining all true Begowms, 
The structure of the stigma appears to me of gr. ., , L; ,. C s , „ ,„,< 

t .1, .l,M,I»m'.P.^ ... .h,.o, > 

//,/, if their 2-locular fruit is not the effect ot abortion, 

. "vvxr:.-; :-..■■■■". ^-- - ■■ ■■■/■■■^ ■ . .', ' . -■ •■■■- 

• - 

■ .1 n 

'...■■ ■ • - ■-— >'!■-;-■/';.- , ; , 

. ■ - ' - ' ■•■■■' ' 

.v..;...:. ...: ■" .:;■..■■■■■■■;■■■■ v' : ^ : :" ---.^ 

^££?£& fiSrfS^* sa^colour.Hu— as leg, Mi 
and divaricated into the figure of a lyre. 

keferences to J**™*^^. 3. The same cut tranv 
1. A Stamen. 2. A young Fruit, the petals cut on - ^ ^^ magl|ified . 
versely, to show the six receptacles ot the secas. 




Gooseberry-leaved Hibbertia. 


Tuibus latis, rarius plura, toro in=orta, in plcrisque decidua. 
nserta autirabricata, p* rsi-a . tia, n mo in phalanges coalita 

uit 10 ultima cluplo inajova i fl « t tihimentis confluentes, saepius Iongissimr. IVricarpium 1, 
5-20-loculare; aut 3-13, l-locularia; disco tun ■ v. St\ li longi. tiginata 

l.rovi-i n,i, aut »tyk> deiicionto longa er 1 -later:: • ioarpiisvr, 

• '■ 

aut nulla:. Flora tuepi uc* art far- 

Vormia. Rottb. Calyx foliolis subrotundis. Petala 5-6, decidua. Fihimenla num. ro-a, in b icafa. 

•>■■ ■ !.■■-■ ■■ ■ . -■,,■ .-. : : •■ - -:. ^ ..-.'■• . ■■•.• ■ .. ' ■■ --: -'• 

Arbores fulii e f pamaUd 
juxta apkan rai. 

Ide ampliatus. Petala ,5. persi<ten 

. Ki-nn. Torus plus minus mo< 

Calyx in fructu conni 

; ' ; ';■' / 


icos. Hue, ut nunc opinor, referenda. 

olubilis. 1. Dilleniavolubiiis.Vent.Cli 

Pl.v.2. p. 12.51. Dilicnia turueranlora. 

oixdcPl. n. ll.cumlc. Dille , m- nd, x.\\ Id.Sp. 

■ ■ / 

;-;:^:;; ii ;:; > j;;x;;; ; iC;;;;;;;tr™; 

*^s^i ';;»;"; S^I^C! 1 "^;™^ 

La Bill. PL Nov. Holt. torn. 2. p. 33. t. 1 ?6. Caulis en cfus. 
.. 1....U J.J. La Billardiere. 

^ L ^;:"^ 

nP-ot Bop u is*.. 

".'"'■ . ■■ ■ 
,, [> wa. J u\ta hi. i' (•<." ^'» *"f«" rf » lc S lt IlTXiS " Ba0WN - 

aBill.PJ. Nov. Holl.tom.2.p.l6. t. 15o.<" 

• i-rrimw. Florrs \-ni, pcliuiatiis I'xx .'ua. I'ilatncnta 10* -24. 
'lemen, legit J. J. La Billardiere. 

lect of the Paradimi Lmidhtcnsi*, it is necessary to re- 
joining I lie plant called tturton'm in die '/.3d plate to H ib~ 
.inaUpeViesotouriiardens has likewise dowered in greater 
i-> ,phttingand discharging thoi pollen tar below the top, 
from ^Vea? Holland, diil'er much Le-s than I at first sup- 
therefore as now d - rihed, < msi - in its deciduous pe- 
Colbertia and Dillaiia, have a large sessile radiated 

ound, round, hairy. Leaves at first bright green, after- 

hort hair-, somewhat wrinkle d. Flowers like those of Po- 
| 1( . , , ,1 in< •,., iw~ ~ -ut. ( a!\ \ -.t -. egg-shaped wedged 

. ' ,,_ , 1M , t( rr , atil «lia'_ , iiohi M'lh.w to ud al i the petals ,m ^ »n< M v le- 
. Pericarpia from 10 to 

l b, ,, ieo with long Aii re hairs. Seeds 'J, pale brown. 

nek and hard : Albumen rilling the whole cavity of 
xceedim'ly minute, near the UiUun. 2-cotyledonous. 

t it as u,-ll as of oilier -encra in it. On these occasions, it has been remarked in the eighth volume 
stead of the fastidious aide*, and that thus all confusion, 
■ or speak of both in that number, is avoided. 

.. A Petal. 2. Calyx, Stamina and Pistilla somewhat magnified. 3. Two views of a 6 
highly magnified. 4. A Pistillum highly magnified. 5. The same eut open, to show the 
tion and number of seeds. 6. Stigma highly magnified. 



Neat Leucokm. 

Narcissi. Juss. Gen. p. 54. 

L . M iU ilOT a t e„ tibuS :pedu n cu,o 3-7*ro, vaWc aacipUi n.argine intege^o : pencarp.o sa 

florescentiam saturate viridi. 

T r * t drA M xvii f. 3. L. hexaphyllummajus. ValUt 
L. Bulbosum minus. Bed. HorU Eystt. Vern. terU Ord.fol. xvu.J. 

Jard. t. 24. 
Locus natalis haud pro certo innotuit. 
Floret apud nos versus finem Martti, JpriU. 

::.:■ :y .■■■,::•■. 

rSssiftaiisss ; i(Mh,,e,uro : 6 

: ' ; 1 vv:^^:-t--'::^:-''''': ....;■:■;■ - 

rences weTfiTt pointed out to me by Mr,H«o«H,tU , s , ; 

peatedly profited. It is reported to grow xvild in some p 

fully in our gardens. Bulb often the size of att M ,, 1( , t!i . I lowen >***"*£ 

.,,,.. : ,■,,•.,■:.:■•- ^ ' " : ' ' '".■.'. .-: :■ ■ '■ : "' \ ... 

the same colour as the leaves, very entire at the ed f ^. k | recn colour, as well as I, 

vum. Pedicles iron, .3 to 7, lender and vers I plC uous, and ^ ^ 

!■■■- -.-.-- ■ ^ " -■ , ■ : : ., ' -.:. > ^. -■ - " : ' . ' ,.. ., • 

: ;,...,. ,-,.. .,,-. .■-■-. ■■-■ ■- ,.,.,... . .. v ■■ ;'-... .. 

cell being emarginated they appear divided n ;tch ce ll, black, ovai, 

below thl top, club-shaped. Stigma truncated. Seed, 



Neat Leucoium. 
Narcissi. Juss. Gen. p. 54. 

ect. 1. Pericarpiuminferum. Filamenta toro placent^ormi, ad eormn basin meWero 
inserta Anthers foramine versus basin angustato dehiscentes. Flares penduh. Brattt* 
subjlorescentiam iiegeta. 

L.foliisincurv^patentibus: peWlo 3 ;7 : floro, valde ancipiti margine integers: 

pericarpio sub florescentiaru saturate vindi. 
L. Bulbosuo, minus. B«l. Hort. E P tt. V<m. tat. Ori. fol. «»./. 3. L. hexapMun, 

majus. Vallet Jard. t. 24. 
Locus natalis haud pro certo innotuit. 
Floret apud nos versus finem Martii, Jprili. 

In the 21st number of this work l^ed asmptci %*«£^g^ 
from its very different habit, would consutnteage nu . t ^^^ large , wmtis h, 
seeds, which have left «o doubt about the ^\^^J, eedso Aeucoium. Ac- 
irregularly angulated, and more like bulbs than he W«*nm narrow .|eaved 

cordingly, it is necessary to give pother genenc chapter ^ Ga _ 

species, I shall in future apply the poeuc Utle rfi^ he f spongy torus 
lanthm, form a separate section in the ordei «,s g hgrs ; ^ ^ th fi , 

covenng the top ot the pencarmum , a. wel as bv ^tn ^^ ^ ^ base of each 

:LT^^^T^^^^^ discharged'- three glands, as m 

^fitSdb. now figured is a real specie, .hitherto -j^^ffC! 
and its differences were first pointed out to me by ^ i • qw wUd ^ 8ome ts 

whose accuracy I have repeatedly profited, it s r ^P B &, b often the size ot an 

of this island, producing seeds plentifully m our ar . a n y broa der 

hen's egg. Leaves appearing in November, of »**£' «^ fr0ll f three weeks to a 
than in°L JEstwm, very entire, quite ™~ th '/^!, C e ^ Bm ill. Peduncle the same 
month earlier, exhaling a more pe ^P^^Z^ «m1 crenulated as in L. J - 
colour as the leaves, very entire at the edges not ^giau ^^ ^ wd| M 

Iwiim. Pedicles from 3 to 7, slender and very Ion-, o t a ^ nerves nQt 

the young fruit. Petals white, with a green spotbemw £ , ^ ^ ^ h 

spicuousfand almost all parallel, the inner wes too* ^ app ear divided mto 

yellow, inserted at the base, where «* "^fe^thf top , club-shaped. Stigma tnin- 
four equal lobes. Style white, with a green i P°£ * ,0 J n F, 
eated. Seeds from 13 to 20 in each cell, black, oval, ng 

■r A Ok t~~ — • S^ 011 ° f ^ Pefi " 

I. Pistillum and Stamina, highly magnified. 2. A 
earpium. 3. A Seed. 



Willow-leaved Euryspermum. 

Proteee. Juss. Gen. p. 78. 

Sect. 1. Pericarpium deciduum, 1-loculare, 6-spermum, clausum. 

Corolla profunde 4-fida. Nectaria ? 4, linearia. Pericarpium compressum margins alato, 
laeve. Stigma obovatum, retUsum. Frutices, nunc robusri. Folia intern. Flares t!i- 
oici, in o:, minafi. flractea I, inter sin-infos, prater inxohtcrum fo- 

•' ' '-•••. .;■,..,..■. ... - ... ..,>,. • . ; - _ / 

Nomen ab svpv< tt a-Tr^px, senu/nbm latis,' Hue ref eremite Protea Strobilina L. 
Protea pallens. Thunb. &c. 

E. caule pubescente : foliis 1^H2 lineas latis, lineari-spatulatis, longe mucronatis, pu- 
bescentulis; capitalism ■ niarginato. 

Sponte nascentem juxta Taffelberg, legit J. Niven. * 

Floret Julio, apud no's Martio, Aprili. 

In a former number I have already separated this and several other genera from Pro- 
ng in Roman type only such of their characters as cat 
limits prescribed by LiNNEfor defining a genus; and I still purposely follow Jussieu 
in that respect, not only to show t h the first of those great men some- 

1 his own "law, hut the real importance of the inflorescence. No one indeed 

i genus from it alone if he can help it ; but when he cannot, let rum 
speak the honest truth, a n forget its d ctates so far, as to call the same idem 
at one time a bracte, and at another a calyx. These remarks may serve as 
to a very indefatigable botanist, who told me that two of my chars* 
and whose name is perpetuated by a eenus in this very order, which is distinguished 
solely by its inflorescence. 

The shrub now figured is a male, and from the Hibbertian collection, where it flow- 
«ed so luxuriantly, that by the ; specimen, a cloud of pollen filled 

the conservatory : no wonder therefore if is a country where this may chance to tall 
upon females nearh , vaiietie>, but marn species of the genus 

are produced. In habit it approaches very near to Protea Parvijiora Thunb. but they 
ft* fed - a, p point. 

fettm from 8 to 7 feet h: U h. .net, branch, nu ; with ^at >vm.nei t y, round pubes- 
cent even when old. tm^ed u,th red towards the extremities. L 
much twisted as m many otln rs. Imear-patuiate, scaivch 

bractes of the same colour. Flowers nun, 

J" "MA, and only bearded towards the top. Corolla yellow, . 

de u e P'y ema, . , 4 . inseite d in the torus between ti 

a bristle, but more obi -:<>, I 

: : ■ ■ - ■= . < .^ :., . . , ..- ,-.-s ■ - ■ ■ -^ . 

I saw a v., .. Stigma clubshaped, and appa- 

1. A head of flowers magnified, being cut longitudinally, to show the manner M 
which they are inserted. 2. One of the Bi tea the Flowers, 

magnified. 3. A single Flower lightly magnified, showing the Stigma. 4. The 
Nectaries magnified. 



Handsome Erodendrum. 
Oidinem Naturalem et Characterem Generis, vide sub. No. 67. 

E. foliis ebipticis marine crasso, fene'iU tomentos^ ^ ****»*£ 

ferioribus inter se libens: corolla extus tomentosa, apic 

perangustis : stigmatis apice crasso. 

Sponte nascentem in Hottentot, Holland, montibn. legit J- »«■ 

Floret apud nos Maio, Junto. 

The doubt, expressed in the la,, ***»***«* ^So*5°^'4 ,»- 
four narrow callous bodies, found m «"»»£"?£$ ™hic» " L style of ErodLirvm 
firmed since that sheet was printed. J"^™" 1 '^*,,* • was secreted bv some other 
Meffifmm is besmeared, firs, induced ^^^PP^Xemgardener, who has watch- 
part; ; and from the observation of Mr. Hibbeet s.ntemgeng ^ ^ 

Sdt he species now figured with ^^ta^K"^* ever the corolla 
*iek part ofthe corolla™ ^ifJjSS^S^-^P^^S 

begins to split, a smaii quauuiy «i ».» — -— . afterwaids, and not c 

at length falls in a large drop upon Ae^^™^ 1 ^; fj^er at Clapkarr 
the two lips separate. I have examined all the *£«« °ow mfl & ^ j ( 

am quite assured that this is the situauoti icf J^^^.. tb ey are inserted u 
[y ignorant of the designation of the touicaiiou b ' times dl! ated or 

the torus/ilternate with the petals^ gene^ must either have 

bifid, and the liquid I saw upon ^^J^Zsed during the night, 
been their own proper secretion, i*™ 1 ^ *; L orobably endless: this may be easily 

Varieties and hybrid species of Erodendrum are P ro > b u 
distinguished from those in our gardens win 

which°is pretty equally disposed, not forming at lucktu ^ not dosing till the 

are also more separate from each other than in^ any ^ coQta(Q fect 
flowers begin to fade j and the anthers are exceedingly 

P° 1Ien - , r * nd a half high, erect, very tomentoye. leaves 

Stem low, flowering when a foot ^nd a halt h ,g , ^ ^ & tmck b wn 

from 4 to 6 inches long, and 1 to 1* broad, while y 8 gmoothi except their 

margin, and very tomentose; afterwards H e 8^' ^/L th Vscars of the pubescence ; 
marfin finely dotted, when seen through am icioswoe oy ^^ ^^ deQl[y 

their°callous point rather acute while ^g£3JZm gradually narrower, longer 
branched. Flowers without smell. Bractes of the m £ ^ of thc next below, their 
and more pink; those of the last series ab out hah the tomentose> beyon d the an- 

fringe silky. Corolla narrow, "ternmly aah colomed curV ed at the 

therf exceedingly attenuated. ^^ZJofZch it has a whitish secreting onhce. 
base, thickened at the top, towards the troni u 




Glandular Stylidium. 

Campanulacece. Juss. Gen. p. 164. 

mitnefnrmc. btvlu, longus, compv -_ lK 

* Suffruticosce. 
S.foliis 5-Qlineaslongis, linearibus, vix crenulatis, mucronatis, glabris: panicula deconiposita . 

corolla? lacinia minima disco toto glandulosa ; tentacuhs 4. 
Sponte nascentem in New Holland, oris occidentalibus, legit Rtw. Brown. 

Floret apud nos a Maio in August urn, 

, <•„„,. cr,prip« in a paper communicated 

The genus of Stylidium was established by SwARTZ^rom tour specie , f r 

to th« Berlin Academy, previous to the publication of the 4, ^f^J 
Plantarum, in 1805, w&H ^f oi * fifSt J^'sNvas read at the French 

In the same year, on the 8th of July, a memoir of La uillardi*. 

.. :■- .. - . . ■. - : - \ ... ■ • ■ 

if ",ve except the Embryo and curious ceconomy Of J^ 0rder ^tween Orchi- 

tis? then supposing that they would prove the foundation ol a no 
<fa* and Scitaminece. n , f lTTCCTrTT w « s nrs t at least pr 

The real affinity of the genus however to Campanula** ^.^^ nted tha t 
by Smith, who in his Exotic Botany for January, 1806, being vet una q ^ ^ ^^ ^ lQ 
r > the very plants there figured, wm ^ j ^ no 

tn^irtLwH™*? t^ ^leTbutVhargrtleman will pn>bably ^^^^^^^ 

ration of their regular flowered genera from Campanulacet ; for, if Brstera nas 

they cannot even form a section in the order. _. j gaw it m flower at Kew, 

For this species, Mr. Hooker is indebted to E. J. ^ Woodford-, jt- men? in mm. thi, 

in Jul )V l 804, and upon the return of Mr. Brown, who had , iegree ot C u- 

irritable genus, from a circumstance not worth detailing here, excue. a inff what part was the 

riosity, and became the subject of much conversation. Doul . ui the me lU- 

stigma, the tentacular parts of the limb, the large gland co^ ■ re< Whether 

ferous calloshy at the base of the style, being all regarded » *«M» J c&m0t ^ but » » note 
this humming of our British hive of botanists was watted over to , ^ , ^ La B il- 

presented to the Directors of the Museum d' NatureUe on tnei ^ , H- ^ § t[nU 

i-ardiere, from a new examination of dried specimens, takes up ui ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ,. „, ,,, 
" rvkat has hitherto been called style, is thejilament, W#* the- ,, fW , , a , 

«e stigma is almost sessile." He also acknowledges the affin it > of to genu ^^ 

to C«Sp«,Kfe COT , and i Urs are inserted upon the 

My own opinion on this point has never varied, which is, i ui ^ Q0 gea us can 

•tigma, its KCRtiDg part being in the middle oi them. I thwk also with ™ 

be more truly gynandrous, but instead of his corollary, " it shews that class to be founded in na- 
'urr," I should -av it sheu ; thai class to be pure/)/ art/Hunt, for the genus has no affinity whatever 
withO/r///</cr. After the corolla is fully expanded, the style - ■ specially in 

the sunshine, ^napping hark, it its lower bended part be touched, to the other side of tl e peril ar- 
piutn, but soon gradually returning to its former position ; and 1 suspect that this motion is intended 
to drive oli', it not destroy, insects which come to - ■ u to promote the ejection 

of the pollen. My reasons tor believing these parts to be style and stigma arc , 1st. their near resem- 
blance to the same parts in the n< ighbouring genus of Goodciua, rt is in the 
bottom of the fringed cup: '.Mlv, two vessels which project lik<> ribs from the sty le down to the 
seeds, and which do not appear to orij is inserted : Sdly, the 

dm bottom of the style, a substance very rarely, if ever, pro- 
duced bv the stigma: 4thl\, th ■- milieu is abundantly discharged between and round the anthers. 

Stem erect, stock branched, m »th. Leaves yellow-green, dilated at the base into the rudiment 

of a petiole, closch imbm ■ scan . 1\ crcnuiuted, sharply mu- 

cronated, smooth. tlesl, v . Flo s nodding, wi ut smell 1' in most of the 

other species. Peduncle terminal, solitary , at length appearing axillary in the forks of the new 
branches of the stem, from 3 to (> inch- ~ long, slender, erect, tlexuo-e, round: branches alternate, 
from 11 to ,>-flowered, rechnate, and while young recurved-circinate : covered closely with hairs 
terminated In a red gland. Pedicles from 2 to 1 line long. A lanceolate-wedge-shaped bracte, 
- ome'.vhat ha'irv underneath, is placed at the bottom of each branch, but none at the pedicles. Pe- 
ricarpium narrowly pear-shaped, 2-locular nearly up to the middle, verj hail f. t ■ \\ about 1 line 
long, erect-incurved : upper lip tripartite, lower divided only to the middle; divisions of both linear- 
lanceolate : hairy on the outside. Corolla irregular : Tube pale yellow, 1 line long, broader at the 
bottom and top/slightly twisted, so that the little divison of the limb is reflected between the lips of 
the calyx : Limb at fcnf taway, then rose-coloured, from 2 to 2| lines long, slightly hairy on the 
outside'; divisions \eiv entire, obtuse ; somewhat convex, 4 of these are bifarious, nearly horizontal, 
oval with a round \ellow viscid gland at the base of their inside, the two upper being larger and 
rather in.mpnla'eral ; the 5th is very - • nt BUWtaeS 

ventricose, and entirely covered by a yellow gland : Tentacles 4, yellow; two at the base ot the 
small division, and continent with its margin, about § a line I 

rowly wedgc-shap d : two at the base of the upper side of the ne\ little within the 

margin, similar but smaller. Nectarium orange colour, mitre-shaped, one side rather shorter, ap- 
pearing as if preyed to the ;.;ei' of the :ie division of 
the limb; at the first curvature, which is the irritable part, somewhat dilated, elscwhen linear, 
compressed, smooth. Stigma confluent with the style below the middle of its back, 1 -lateral,* its 
face turned towards the upper side of the style, almost orbicular, convex, bearded at the sides with 
thick succulent hairs. Ant iides, attached to the face of the stigma ; 
their lobes opposite to each other and not parallel as in most vegetables, 1-locular, 2-valvedf 
splitting without any motion of the style. Pollen white. Seeds numerous, very minute. 

I Corolla, Style and S 

■ ■ ' ' :... ■ ' ' .- " • i . ' ' ■ ..■:■■■ - m le ^ . ■ 

.i\ magnified. 5. Different views of the Pericarpium and Seeds 



Esculent Poeonia. 

Ranunculacese. Juss. Gen. p. 231. 

Sect. 11. Pericarpia polyspermy follicularia, rostrata, latere superiore dehiscentia. 

Calyx 5-6-phyllus: folio* exterioribus plus minus ^^fZ^^^^ 
cidua. Filamenta nu, num succulenta e t colo- 

Caules cram. 

,- /wpustUsiiiif 

rata, demum nigresccntia. «erte ijJfnmcOM. ™^ V" ,', 

* Herbaccxe. 
ofcovatCanceoia* s^in^n, ^•«-2B-**£ 


• Heroacca 

P foliis2-ternatis: foliolis obovato-lanceolatis saepiut, „ 
supra prater nervos marginemque glabris, subtus 
pericarpiis 3-nis, glabris. 

Variat a: Petala alba cum rubore aliquo extus 
P. albiflora. Kenn. in Bot. Rep. p. t 
t. 84. P. lacteo flore, ckcAvimn. 
0. Petala pallide rosea. 
y . Petala rosea. 
Sponte nascentem trans Lacum Baical, convallibus herbidis, legit J. G. Gmelin. 
Floret medio Junii, apud nos initio mensis. 

,e g ac„ the Philosophia ft*** L».; ^^gX^ZSl 

as Pallas informs us, eat the root boded in soup • «« ^ M * fl ur of bUter a l m onds, for which 
to mix with tea. Both probably cor . J H» Bell, 

sent from P, ' TttT/fin-er from 18 to 24 inches high, somewhat 

Stems ting » thick *P*™™™*'* I « base, half 

angulated, smooth. Leaves 5 or 6, biternate : p- a , )late , gene- 

■ ..,:.:- ..,..,.,,:.,,■■:,.,-.: "' ^ > V" ^ ' . ,. • ■,'- ' " ■ ^ 

rally entire, their upper surface dark green "™*} l "&°" ' surface 
' .. 

..... : ■. ■ - • ■ ..-' ; , ; ... 

from the anthers, erect. Panicle ot from 1 to J nox e . 

-:• , ■ ■ ..' - ^ ' ' ' • -• ^'^ \ '. : . :■■ •'-- - 

>:■■ - . : -' -■■ ■' "' • ; : '.. - .. • ' ■ ' '■■■ "- * 

dbcharged. Nectaries only 2 or 3, and those frequentl> imperfect. 
. ; urth in the center. 



Hypcricum-leaved Linum. 

Caryophyilea?. Juss. Gen. p. 299- 

Sect. 7- Genera Caryophylleis aifin 

' ■ ' .'•.■'■:■ 


* Folia ulterna. 

L. foliis ovato-cuneati.s pu teta tonge ciOftda prater gl 

margine sessiles : corolla If pollicem diametro ; petalis apice rotundatis, creuatis : pe 
superne pubescente. 

Sponte nascitur in regionibus Montis Caucasi. 

Floret apud nos Junio. 

lacing it, with Adaxsox, . 'I'lie ments of this 

een vindicated, in ver\ t lo. i-uage by Cuviei 

1st conceded to those of Lamarck. 

Jussieu, thougl the end of CaryophyIk(V, appee 

ig tiiis allinitv, - removed by obj 

s Herln to that < l Vluirnu -'*: 2dly, its infloi 

at thrii ba-<\ like iho- 

■ ; /- ■..;■••!-: ■" . 

tvledon, n. t n.i ugat d. I mint 

not conceal however two charai 

st, the callous 

i ' ■ . ! ; .... : .; s '■.-.. : ■■••: ■ '. .' 

ics to -2 ieet hi-i 

' ' - ■■■;_--...■■■:.....'..;■■: 

,"h, bottom ol the claw nearly 

»»en tor a short space white, bev 

. with diepcr fii 

1 1 ourD^e at the bottom, obovate, rounded and crenated at the top: the claw within besprii 

therthereisa melliferous gland a' ■' 
of two or three ol them as in i,. iW- '« 

ricarj.ium ye'lcmish grc-<ni while your 

ng the seed an fieb it utinaerto 

■;i -.- . ! - °- lm»svcr> 

fruit near its top - ■" * ne cel!s nii ^ u 

s complete dissepin 




Officinal Rhododendrum. 

Rhododendra. Juts. Gen. p. 158. 

. - 
! , .- . 

minus inrcqualia. A. * in, 3 10-locuhnv, a(> 

■ ■;.'•.: ■ .!■■ ■:■.'■ ; . . ' - l ■_--.■.--■-.' 

crassior. Semina puis minus -.cohfi.rnda. Dit/icc-. , mm oblongce, 

Hue, ut opinor, referenda omnes Azaleae jncter Procumbei :■ - stnminun 

deniquefiuei -, , im amici 

W. Chrv- 11 ilmn . I: . adv. Mai. Vol. v. 3. p. 403, cum Ic. ad exemplar Herbarii B.i 
Chrysanthum. L/«/i. .S ,/./,'. ». ?.;;. It. Orwmthum. P. ''. P. i{ oi .v. r. 1. /•. +',. / 
santnum. A'«e//>. Moiwgr. R. Aureum. Georgi It. p. 214. Andromeda, &c. G?ne/. F/. 6*6- r. 4. 

. ■ : • ■ .■_;•:;' 

\ - » 

ccrncd ; for it would sepa ate \ ' nts *o i 

'.'■■ •. i ■ '■'■" - .... "' ' : "'■•' : • ' • .':/■• 


found in the genera] 1 




■ ' .:.. .,'"; : ■ '. ^ ■■■..;■- ■ 

c n raised from ^eeus 

gathered at the Cape. 

pears to be of no consequence whatever, t 

Aza!>a ludit ; ... . u in as R). i 

"•• 'Ir. Thompson's nunery at Milt End. 

The very rare species here figured has long been famous among the Siberian hunters, for. the me- 

■ • - - 

', ■■. lin and Sieli.V,!'. saw it wild about the year 1740. Kof.lpin afterwards, in 
the year 177 ), wrote an cxpre-s steal, o ;m ndir.g it in ven ■ cases, and Pallas informs 

tl ", 7 thai it is aow "ithei d by the Caw* in toe , .Irn/sai, for exportation. 

This reined v however is yet seldom prescribed in G'raz* Britain, and in inflammatory habits does 
harm : taken in strong doses also, like many other vegetables which abound in viscid oil, it proves 

I have lately seen great numbers or" v-mng plants in different collections, but they are very difficult 

fr :.■■'..■■,• i V- ■■• '; 'I 

Kooi i>< :u»riitiii'4 (I'-j) ; no vj; ; < ks and stone.. Sn 10 tro' i (> to ] -, niche- h'.h, according as 

' .. ! ^ . i '.:■■■.. ^ .■.. - ,-Ie ■ ■)..;• 

, r !, , l Miahlli^ ! e nairov -tipu!r> tin -'j dio -rem. L/t.u - .hi,!. L'l'ul, Ciowdcd 

„,., th i >tu>e, * ■ < the bran, i - om lj to 2| n h'', long, and about 1 inch broad, spreading 
somewhat obovatc, ver) entire, ob e; iinely u tic u! « <. I on their uppt mli ce, und ; -ath vi-cid- 
pubiscentwhi nei ,a s'smooth. Fl s from 6 to 10 in very 

■ •• 

_ ited with greenish spu >, a,' of them so newhat obovate and hollowish. 
ns at its base. Style very pale green. Stigma red. 


gnified. 2. Pistillum magnified, 



Repand Ipomoea. 

ConvolvulL Juss. Gen. p. 132. 

Calvx foliolis 5 imbricatis, persistens. Corolla l-petala : Tubus brevis, ore filamcntis ibidem Insei 
rtdiKcliSo Limbusvariedilatatus, EST* d«satttM« «tt*» „"**» jg**. 
cunabulis convolutus, ssepius obsolete 5-fidus : decidua. Filamenta 5, lacinus alterna. 
gittatse. Nectarium cotyliforme. Pericarpium membr f" aceU n ^ 1 * U \ C ' U f Q t ^ 
prater liram panetalem nullo *^*>Cttla 

SfvlnV i -9 "simDlex vel 2-fidus. Stigma 2-3-4-fidum, aui 

Tcol^ZlnVericarpii S e 5 silia 8 :Hilo zonal, : C , - *£~ *> 

ad rflnww solitarix. 
Sect. 11. Styli basis pericarpio dehiscence caduca. 
Jpohoba L. Corolte Limbus longissimus anguste '■^f^^^^XTa^nS 

Folia simplicia vel decomposita. Flares axillares. 

isplerisquecordatis, repandis, paucis inferiorum 3-5-fidis, I 

' nolatK, utrinqiie glabris, subcarnosis : paniculis multifloris. 
I. repanda. Jacq. Hist. Amer. p. 28. t. 20. 

Sponte nascentem in Ins. Martinique, collibus fruticosis, legit N. J. Jacqui*. 
Floret ibidem Decembri, Januario. 

Several distinct genera are confounded ^^^J^Z^i I^T • 
of the latter, as established by Linne from Toif RK«ort 

long narrow limb, and perhaps in the »^^^™^ bc , - the flowers 

venture to make one of its diflerences : this point can only d Kanmg to one 

of Convolvulus Jalapa, and other spe. . scattere «l in both genera have 

■ ■'^te stigma, iiowpromtecuousy m . ftnd ^ 

the base of the style adhering to the valves, not Wbggoff when ftj J*^ ^ ^^^ 
>r I suspect will divide an 

1&2A+ w» fnnaH, cuUivated at ^MJ^*M!^ 
Dowager Lady HAnEWooD,seotto her from lobago nthc :n „ re care than 

it has lately been again introdnced into the stoves, .bout lo »do», an ^ Jac ^j 

isnsoally bestowed upon . ""branches are permitted to extend a 

^^^iST-lK :, 100t h,flesby. Leaves somewhat fleshy : 

Petiole tineed with purple when exposed to tne 
• , s r rY a: j ...;au „,„ 

when exposed to the sun : Lamina uu» <*.-» - 

less'repand^end'ing in a J^^^^mcta. Peduncle 
without smell, in short dichot omous ax «J 1 the ed 

>bed or 5-lobed, more or less repanu, c .-> ■ . . . . , "1. I ^aflet 

n both surfaces. Flowers without smell, in short dich - „ ^ e dge : Uajrt 

trades very small. Calyx deep crimson with a P aler *™ m be * ube very closely. Gtfn 
unequal, round, attenuated towards the margin embracing ID ^ faB ****2)£ ba£ 

abnrn o in^c inna. thirkish in substance : lube very short. ** ■ and hairy at the base 

about 2 inches long, thickish 

about 2 inches long, thickish in suDstancc . _ * -~- , 
sions more plica *<" '^f^ 

closing the orifice of the tube so completely that when 
weight. Capsule generally 2-locular with 2 seeds m eaci 

vnen the Cu»«"« 

t each celt, and 4 valves. 




Fragrant Myrobroma. 

Orchideoe. Juss. Gen. p. 64. 

Sect. 1. Monandrae. 

men avocibus m » et B^x, ob factum nnctuosum, quibusdam t* dehuis. 

; • nPt^lis non undulatis ; labello intus fascem squamarura 


lino. Plum. Gen. p. 25. MSS. 3. t. 100. 

Sponte nascentem in Ins. Dominique, legit C. Plumiek. 
Floret Aprili, Maio, apud nos Jmio. 

The Km* of our .hops i, a native of Mexico first ^XoS^sentt S^^ 
samples of it, as we learn from L'Ec«. «. "^f^^ ° 6 S is ertainly a di— " 
™„"above ouo.ed/dra, 

= ■ ■ • ■ ■ ■ ■•■■■'■■■■'■ ■■-■■■'■■ ■ . : . .. ■ ■ . . . ..■ 

a brackish soil near the sea, and that the aromatic flavour oi their I 

it has been partly dried and cured. . d } f it sold in our shops, to 

~ ■ 1 

the flower of a very different genus, bis 1 ^ Bg|ee< 

' ' '■ -: :;• :■■■■• .v -■: ■•■ • - - ■■ - ■ ' : ' ;:: "'" ' '. ' ......■■•■ ■ ■ V ■■.•■- 

Two genera therefore • to bespefc, n a dimum- 

u.uud.nn/la, I do not hesitate to gel | : .■ ,,,0/. mmI, 

live of r«/«„, a sheath or .cabbanl : . nt m „re - i« ntifu «.m ? , 

guto/io, from France Tripmadame, Cm Ij lament that 

. -■ ■ ■- ■ ^ ■'■' - -' '-" '. : . ' ■ ' '■ - V ' 

, .,,,,; ,,..,... . .■>■.,! -^ ■ • •" •" : . ... . - .-. • ■• ■ 

no affinity to each other; Gum An dents oi the 

Royal and Linm. I *^ I »>y themselve 

sample. , . iL ^ 1%n5 nn i v flowered in that of Uw 

• tibrcs produced at the moo oi each 

with very minute whitish dots, about the thickness of the little finger in its upper part, round, smooth, 
its juice acid and caustic as in Arum. Leaves alternate at 5 or 6' inches distance : Petiole yellowish 
grwn, short, very hollow: Lamina green, from 4 to 6' inches long and \\ to 2 broad, recurved espe- 
cially at the | with the base not quite equilateral, \. rv entire and almost 
transparent at the margin, acuminated, smooth on both surfaces, finely striated, somewhat convex, 
I fragrant smell like that of many Pancratiums especially during 
the night, in a short terminal spike. Bracte of the lowest flower not differing from a leaf, the rest 
suddenly ihorti tad rounded at the top. Peduncle flexuose. Pedu 
about | an .. anootht Pericarpium about 2 inches long and 2 lines and a half 
in diameter before the peti iy twisted, almost cylindrical with its extremity 
swelled, smooth, 1-locular. Petals 6*: 5 greenish yellow, 3 outer ones 2 inches and a half long, re- 
! spatuled-lanceolate, the two lower somewhat falcated ; two inner ones paler 
** : outside which terminates 
h, hollow, not waved : La- 
r petals, melliferous at the bottom, 
inited to i lie -hie- <»t the -t\!e almost up to the stigma, from thence embracing the top, swelled in 
ront like the flower of the Foxglove, slightly 3-lobed ; lobes revolute especially 

s more crenated, very retuse, and plicated; mouth of the tubular part covered by a fringed tassel 
>i imbricated nbver<ely wedge-shaped scales, above this covered in the disc by 7 rows of yellow tu- 
K-rcles; nil dissolving Into a gelatinous consistence, and falling off with the style. Style pale yel- 
ow, 1 1 inch loii'i, in. uned, finely bearded in front nearly up to the stigma, above it hollow and 
liiat-,1 with falcated sides. Anther pale yellow, in-,:; ::1 of the style, moveable 

ike a lunge but not to be detached without force, nearly globular, its base projecting into 2 horns, 
■— ' Pollen white, grumous, and I believe discharged 
10 us receptacle within the valves in both the anthers 
the top of the style in front, covered by a semicircular 

spurs, very gelatinous. Seeds inserted on 3 parietal lobed receptacles. 

the anthers and flap which cover the 
: side of the 
tgnified. 4. A front view of the Style highly mag- 
e flap being lifted up to show the stigma. 




c * ■ i 



Aconite-flowered Corybas. 
Orchidece. Juss. Gen. p. 6*4. 

Sect. 1. Monandra. 

Pericarpium membranaceum. Petalorum supremum, galeae instar, fofl kaiun U b. 

, • .. • .-. ■ ., -■ - ' < - - 

- -actcr ad era- ' «*» «*«■ 9*<* ' ^' / """"> ^"7" c ''^%"' os - 

> reniformi acuminulato : labelli margine valde revomto. 

Tew Holland, legit Alex". Gordon. 

Floret apud nos Julio. 

For this curious plant, Mr. Hooker is indebted to the Countess of Essex whose ^***» 
y and magnificent. The spec,, 

other species, liberally given to me by E.J. A. Woodford, Esq. I am enabled to draw up the 
»^ d Ssh% n ^lidleH.haped with one short fibre at the top, its base terminating in a bulb at 

:. ,,;,.; ' - /.-...., • : _■:■■. • ■■ ■ ■ • - ;; ' ■ ■'■".' 

tary, of a dark M> 

> .- • ". ... ....._- ■ .. '-• —■--" " -": '.. - ? 

i- , .. -■ . .. ■. ; . ■ -■■ ■■ ' . : ;.."■ .: : 

«"tkebie fl ' '/^behind he 

,vl.mi; a ^. «i.„ ;„;„„ T> Q foi e , ry small. Style smai, 

.iihted into 3 lobes ; a whitish tubercle or bol>ter covers t ie 11 

both species m< : • apparently 

A flower, half of 1 ,. < t 5 l side and front 

umshewingoneoftheNec. j Anther. 

new of the Style highly magi astreiais, 



Nerved-kaved Pancratium . 

Narcissi. Jvss. Gen. p. 54. 

>etala inserta. Antherae sa?pius longae. Flora 

Pcricarpium membranaceum, 3-valve, medio loculorum dehiscens. Corolla' tabu cylindraceo-tn- 
fundibulif<» tua : Corona ore tubi produ i« * atata, 

1 . . .-. -:• ■•!- ■:.>■:■■ ' ' ' ' ■ - ' ' "' 

reclinatus. Semina albida vel nigrescentia, 2-plici serie insert; ; ^ <■ •<--<-• 

tfhrrsa, Narcissorum Agavium >i > Suiwuearum >t ul-.t. /V- 
dunculus ab una latere inter folia radically obtmus aneqi^e. Flora 1-20-m, m mult is mm etjra- 
S * 0n * Fasciculus multijtorus. 

longioribus patentiss 
i laciniis 2-dentatis. 

Sponte nascentem in Ins. Java, sylvis montium abunde, legit J. J. La Billardiere : in Ins. Am- 

boyna ad oras sylvarum, legit G. E. Rumph. 
Floret ultimis mensibus pluviosis, apud nos Julio. 

This isthetrueP.^W^ ofLixxE, and I believe that Crta AW«^ of L^Ieritier, froni 

. . :: ,i u a Lrinuin with Mull 

3 to 5, of a pale yellow f 00 " ™lr»nr: Petio 

i colour: Petiole 
shortly acuminate, smo< 

iiiiiiH ( n iiiar « -n-t'.nu \\'.u < i.tov. -l\--\ n\ ut . -■■■ — ■ - 

-..-..-■, ....-■ ■. --. , , ■ ' ^- , '■ ' - . " '-' 

« r .«d f,„ m .heir -T .Wpiun, - to _^^/SS!yK£:»E 

>p, much narrower at the bottom than 

■ -• .:, ■ . 
Uuded to thebas* : d u-iun* -patulak- 
;law belo< 

very pale yellowish green becoming quite white towards the 

the pericarpium, about an inch and a half long, gradually 

Limb white, somewhat longer than the tube, very spreading, 

lanced, very entire, not so mucronated as in others and the .._ 

near the bottom, from thence concave, si nes la ci a vii,,,,h bottom. ■ ' 4 V hirh term 

than the tube, i -egments the sides oi wm _ 

■ '■^■■>. '■-.'...-.:. : , ,■:,.,-. ::■.<. • : .. ■ ■ • - ■■ ' ^' ■ '- ' : "■'■'.. 

••her shorten i. ,, reading, tubulate 

charged incumbent and curved. Pollen orange coloured. Style white, dcio 

ooth. Anthers after the pollen i- d«>- 

) one side, 3-angular, smooth. Stigma white, scarcely 

oents of several Pancratiums as inserted in the teeth of 

tis rather the real top or apex : a parallel instance oc- 
1 the top ofeai abitably 




Sweet-smelling Prenanthes. 

Cichoraceae, Juss. Gen. p. lG8. 

Sect. 11. Reccptaculum nudum. Pericarpia papposa. 

_, . . es ; mn liri S-S-nhvllus longus basibractei»parvisimbricatus,5-lC-n<.>ciil()su,. 

-■ ■ . - : - .■;.■■■■-.■■■■. 

purpurave: «;#**, «f"""* 

non in simplia sou nut. > rojlosculorum. 

, , , ,• Mr ii,; f n ti« • nam* uiu hi\a subcorymbosa : 

P.foliisinferioribussubpalmatis, " J*™* J 

floribus ccrnuis : calycibus 9-ll-tlc»culo>is, loholis apicc incurvis ciliausque. 

P. a,ba. M,c*. R B^A^^.V. .1L.. ^^^fr^^^^lK 

2. /;. 1121. !' it.ittlTron.ri.Yu&.i- 

culis plurirais, c\c L/«w. //or-?. C7 ? /f. p. 383. 
Sponte nascentem in Rr^ legit J. Clayton : in S&* CM* k* J. Walteh. 
Floret August o, Scptembri. 

The genus Prenanthes was established by V, 
the year 1721. Lixxr, as appears both in the / !n,Ii*,\c. ol the older bo- 

■ ■ 

.. : . . . ,;..-: •■■ ; : ; ■_ ;;; ; ; . : ' ..." - . 

■..,-.' ■ . . . ■'.■■- •■ ■ - v \ ' ;: 

spread ii g at th top where th« edu 

wn rich brown, sessile, far longer than flu bristled, Corolla white, 

o (• lines long, split on one side from above the middle; its top 5-toothed, externally of a 
colour and tough, elsewhere smooth, before it expand- .Vangulai and truncated in the 

\nthersdull blown. Pollen yellow, bat no4 w abui i nesious plants. 

■nuated towards tlu- base, below the anther- v bite and -month, above them greenish but 
-set with minutt 

cit-s is hardy,' ripens seeds pretty freely in the open air, and was communicated by Messrs, 


1. A single Flower. 2. A ripe Fruit. 3. The Receptacle. 




Tiara-flowered Pancratium. 
Ordinem Naturalem et Characterem Generis vide sub No. 81. 

s Fasciculus 1-forus. 

P. folio 

tubo multo lougionbus 
valde • 

P. Zeyla 
Lugd, r .^ 
Sponte nascenten, in Ins. Ceylon, ad nwgines viarum, legit J. G. Ko* 
Floret : 

Etaks, Esq. of *«■/>»<•,,. The figure m Commelix s ^ 

nf StSTwptnt ,m .o„ g after Ore ^-^*" ^^^SS 


Linne, belong, to P. r^^u/«/» of Solan deb, wnicn 




Slender Magnolia. 
Ordinem Naturalem et Characterem Generis vide sub No. 5. 

1 Calyx 3-phyllus. 

M. foliorum laminis oboval : nter anas 

stipulis a supra medium petioli decurrentibus : floribus ante folia prodeuntibus : petalisextenont 
circiter 2 pollices longis. 

M. tomentosa. Linn. Trans, h. 2. p. 356. Kobus. Kampf. Ic, Select, t. 42. M. glauca 
7 .., .„,/,. / 1 ; . ji, vulgo Kobus, &c. Keemtf. Anton, p. S45. Kobus. Kwm 

JDescr. PL Jap. MS. in Brit. Mug. n. 2915. 

Sponte nascentem in Ins. Nipon, legit-E. Kjempfer. 

Floret fine Jprilis, Maio. % 

A distinct tpecks from M. Purpurea of our gardeners, and sent from China some years ago to I 
Rt. Honble. Charles Greville. Its branches are more slender, 
especially early in the season, leaves not so broad or finely nerv, 

foliage is entirely expanded, besides other m mute i tier, n. .■<. K r mn i i: I. - .hm n.,c<i tluni .< 
accurately, and 1 ! ? in >' accesb to that bota,Ubt b h 

barium and manuscripts -n Museum. . .„_ _^ ._ ... 

v.-. ■:.,-: ••■: . . :■-. . . • '■ '^ ^ ' ■ : ' ^' ' ■ ' 

Petiole from 3 to 5 lines long, within the stipule smooth and conca 
surface paler, from - - 

lanced, while tender finely ciliated, acunm 
':■ , . .,: ■ ■• : ,-.:. - ■. • "■ ' ' - ■ ■■■ ' - ; ' " 

• -..:-•: .:.• , -I,- u :■• :■•. ■ ' ::: '.■ •• - ' " ' ■ ; ' ' ' ' ' . . ' ' ' ". 

last year's branches when the young leaves are just beginning to 


5 linwlong: 1 eai ot- recun<Hl- T H,idm<:. n< 

Bracte surrounding the pedu 

rown, from ] 

young flowers. Calyx greenish b) 
equal, narrowly wedge-shaped, v< 
pie with their outside exceedingly c 
sideat^stis almost white, three outer ones about -z muin iv, B . -..— 

■■ . 
ence of soft ,om 52 to()4, 

• ^ ■ ^ - - ■' '- " " : .-" : ^ . 

- . Vnthors dark nurpl, with paler valves, < 

■ ... .. .. ; ,■ .., ' ' 

Carps from 34 to 41, dark purple and fiddle-shaped whil- 
the back dark purple, recurved, narrowly wedge-shaped, 

W) magnified. 



■ F '- ' h I\ '; krr Ncv.LttOj 



Three-leaved Bouvardia^ 

Rubiacese. Juss. Gen. p. 196. 

Sect. 111. Pericarpium fere totum inferum, 2-&>culare, polyspermum. Stamina 4. Caulis herbaceu* 

xelj'rutkoius. Folia opposita. 
Perirarmum comnressum, membranaceum, septi lamellis solutis prater rimam intra calycem con- 

. ' . .,:,.., .., • ,.-■-,..,... ......-.,.,..,. . 

Caroli Bouvard, ifor/i Pamiensis Botanicorumque olimfautoru. 
B. foliorum lamina margine scabra, acuminulata : corolla 8-10 lineas longa. | ^ 

Variat a : Foliorum lamina anguste ovato-cuneata. mA » umm U*m Wnrt 

Houstonia coccinea Kenn. in Bot. Rep. n. 106. cum Ic. Ixora Americana. Jacq. Hort. 
Schonbr. v. 3. p. 9. cum Ic. Ixora ternifolia. Cav. Ic. v. i.p.3. t. ovs. 
& : Foliorum lamina late ovato-cuneata. 

i in Mexico, legit L. Nee. 
Floret apud nos a Julio in Octobrem. 

Two of this beautiful sbrub now ornament ? M| ^^t^*? t 
jneterefigur- : K s ever think that it had, 

haSno ,mmed m>r u ♦ i flername in the Botanist's Re- 

though his u v quoted to corroborate th ^^ rf ^ 

P° sltor y- I '' after Ch arles Bouvard, M. U. *&o >«as p 

.- , .■ .. •■ -. - ■•■■■ ;_ :■' ; ; -, ;;._ .'.- . 

winch in my opm.on it most nearly approaches, arc 

a . well as in nawi, auu_.u.«. 
Royal Garden at 3/flrfnd in the 

T ar 17 ^"' - ^ the -" US a ° n '£ : di tme during the winter, 

Poot high, erect, roundish , — S^r ^P^^ 
ingj between the petioles^^^^ ^^ dosely ^ 

" Stem of our plant a foot high, erect, ronndis ^^^^i^r^V^n 
hairy, the brand. • Leaves ^\ _* t thc upper suria 

Lamina broadK „,| into 1 or 2 dagg 

middle nerve. S h terminal, closely « 

shaped segments besides smaller teeth. Flowers without scent, < 

ryrabose. Teduncle from 5 to 6 inches long, generally surro 

unded by 

J longer 

one t 

rom the last 

axils, from 7 to 3-flowere 

dure but more slender. 

Pedfcels in th 

site, the upper ones shorte 

obconical, coo 

. '.. ..'--. 

whitish, exquisitely 

melliferous, its cuticle the 


, 2-locular with 

in each cell. Calyx yellow-green, very si i 


ments with broad sinusses 

muhich there 


rom ■ k - 

long : Tube « 

lowest b&e, fro 

m thence scarlet, i 


the top, 4-angular from be 

low its middle : 

ovate segments : ex 

yellow. Stvle 

reaching to 


na very pale sea 

al segments recurved at the 

margin. Seeds blackish b 
bordered with a thin mem 

own, imbricated upon 

a globular 

I. Calyx and Pistillura. ft Corolla laid open and magnified, shewing the insertion of the stamina. 
3. A Stamen highly magnified. 4. Fruit nearly ripe. 5. Transverse section of the same. 6". Re- 
ceptacle of the seeds naked and covered. 7. Two views of a seed magnified. 



Northern Calypso. 

Orchidece. Juss. Gen. p. 64. 


pium membranaccum. Petala 6 : 5 sursum expansa : Labellum sacciforme, dorso basis 2- 
;re inf( 

ditum. Herba > t'^nuva Radix tt/i, , ,n< ait/s > n is ma. scats. }',>/ mi 

•. x - 
men a xaXw-x. >:-,ttu protcgit hue genus. 

Limodovumboreale. Su-urfz in JVilUl Sp. VI. r. 4. p. 122. Cymbidium borcale. Svurtz in X„r. .let. 
Ups.v. 6. p. 76, C\ : ; ■ith Spic. p. 10. t. 11. Cypripedinm bulbomni. Lnin. 

Sp. PI. d. 2. /■. 1347. Senipiasscnpo 1-floro. Gnu/. 17. Sib. v. l.p.7. t.2.f. 5. Orchis. Lippomca 
nionofolia. Bt«#. C7/«/>. %*. 0. 2. jt>. 209-/ 10. 

Spontc nascentem in A'otv/ Sco <. 1. _ ' \. Menzies : in regione superiori rlumini- I, 

lat. 55. locis in tt 1 -^ ha a] 1 rtis, i git J. (r. Con lin in / apniark, legit O. Rudbeck, filius. 

Floret Mcto, Jwnto. 

Professor Willdenow has remarked in his work above quoted, that this most rare and curiuus 

• -omen! the North American Aix- 
rtation had placed it not far from one, the Limodorum tuberosum 
L. which is a legitimate Anihvsa. 

The poetic ■■ it, in conformity to one of Linne's canons, i> the nunc ap- 

propriate, as the stigma is totally cover. '.I inn ebted t .Ui\ II a m v o Halifax m .\aia 
. learlj in May last at Mill 11 ill, under 
the protection of a hotbed frame. 

Root a small tuber which sends out a few yellowish fibres at the bast . I 

: .- ......■:::■•■: ./■ ! ...... : :.,, : -•■ ' , :.. ■ ^ - : - ' 

' I,; 

i"' 1 " whitish _, . n tinged with dull red. Bract. .1 01 4, >em 

; - ■ " '.• ■ "■ • ■ : ■ ■■ - "' : ' ■ : ' " ' ' ; ; . 

: :,„ . .. .... . .... . ^ ■..--. 


^ side view of the Style somewhat mag 1 u-d, with tin 1 oik » 
the Stigma. '3. A front and back view ot the Aiuhcr magn.ii 



Multifid Jatropha. 

Euphorbia;. Juss. Gen. p. 384. 

Sect. 1. Styli plures, distincti, saepms tres. 

Monoica Polygamave. Masc. Calyx 5-fidus. Petala 5, toro inserta, nunc basi confluentia. Had*- 
rium cotyliforme, plus minus 5-lobum. Filamenta 8-10-12, medio nectam fasciculate. An- 
thers longiusculae loculis marginalibus. Foem . ct 1 1 1 ■ H 
carpium 3-angulum, 3-loculare, 3-spermum. Styli 3, 2-fidi. Stigmata 6, obtusa. Reliqua ut in 


rymbosis impariter 2-chotomis. Bractece ad r<moi » haudraro sparse, bpccies 

auctorum calj/cc car via ium genus repellendiz. 

J. pal rnatis, ll-,<)-lidis utrinque hvvibus ; petiolo tereti ; laciniis pinnatifidis, cunea- 

. multifida. Detroit* 
Bromi Hist. Jam. 
DHL Hort. Eith. » 
p. 116. t.5S. Ave] 

/... 3-tS.".I. i 
• ' 2 -P- ~ 1 ^ 

lana pi.i-at 

But. tom.i.p-9. J- imiltilida. Sn-artzObs. 
'< » 1 i i > lnulupartitis iVc. L>»n. Hort. C/if.p, 

t. 173. llicinuides amcricanus, tenuiter d 
rix novi orbis. /. Bauh. Hist. v. 1. p. 322. 


La Gmanc, 

, legit F.A|bl* 

loret to to fere annc >, and a> *u< ( 
islands, for which Mr, I Iodkii: is obliged io Madame La < <~m n - s '' "» r x ANDtN " 

•• — I--' . , ■ . - ■■• • ' - ''"" '"'".' " 

and hardening!, «*d S^^S^lX 

butter has some; If is a dangerous medi 

the embryo was taken t.i.i. it- < Herts might" 

jrW.nn^inJi -HUd, but itisa dan nous medaihc, a< ting violently. Possibly, it 

?cts might be mod 
Stipules multifid, 

...;.. „ 1 , ir .livUion ;i bri.tlv. Leaves alternate: Petiole 

3, of 9 or l. - 

pmnatifid, and everv istle, deep green on tr* upper >u"*^ Z™~ 

peduncle pale c 
leaf, not terminal as Swartz describes it. Brae, 
telling off. Calyx «,f th, ,,:,!■■ ihmer pale coral colour. P ' 
\ate. Nectar: ^ and 5-lobed. Sturii •' aleyellov, 

valves. AH the l\ m .le tloweis uere dropped otf, when I saw the plant. 

• A single male Flower. 




Sensitive Smithia. 
Leguminosse, Juss. Gen. p. 345. 

Sect. vn. Corolla papilionacea. Stamina 10, &&&*m **»*«• iSSlftiilStaSS 

latum. ff«* ' - ''«^«' $ null U ,petiob in an hum sdamve desmcnte. 

Stipulce u petiolo distinctce. 

,:::■.!.■..:■'.■..■: ■• :=" ■■-'■'"'■'"":."" ^ ■■" ; "^ -,■"":, 

.-■■■■ — ■' -■- ^ ' '.-■ ' ".. - ■ ■: > 

/.. , , - ' ■ • ' '" ■" " ■ ■■' ;, ' 

,...■-.. - ■• • ■ ■- ■■■ ■- '■ ■" ' .. ^ .- .- 

!,.. .- -...■■ ^ . ^' -• • ' '- ^ ■'■■-■ ' ,, 

assumere donee fat en vellem meant. Hcec tantum ob asseverationem in smicn 
S. caule decumbente : stipulis infra insertionem auriculatis : foliolis parum obovatis. 
S. sensitiva. Ait. Hort. Km. v. 3. p. 49-6. t. 13. 
Sponte nascentem m Coromandel, pascuis subuligmosis, ibi pecorum pabuum gratum 

Floret apud nos Julio, Augusto, Septembri. 

.. »v.« VP9.V 1735, when ii 

A curious annual, first introduced into this CO - tf. The spe- 


:■■■■..:... ■ "■■ ■■■ ' "•■■'- 

■ ■' - - - ' 

i"-V : . , ,/ "_, ^ - ',..' ' ' ' "■■' 

""'■"v.. . '; '". ' _' : ". '■' '" ■ ■•■ ■ ■ -' . : , .' '■■■'■'> 

. . , . : .: .....-- ' ■ 

'.•:■.," : ■ • " ' 

or I could, Mr. Dry a \ deb. permitted this child ot pure ,y ul . c iirv 

■i i \ n cpvpral part? a\ Ilmdustiiii, a <>i< _, 

■■. . :.-•.:•:.,.. - .-. ' ■ ' • .,'■••■■ 

, .. ..,.,. . .-. ... .- ^. ■-■ ■.- : ' ';.. ■. .. : .:.■ 

only near mark ,,.i-p.nnaTe. 

»rt below the iir>t pair oi 'i -ide : I ..villus in from 

ristlv on lh< u nerve, sensitive so as to 

,n lL'wo.?fl* Stipules 01 nn !y hidin tin stem, longated both >ove 
> they are inserted with a little ear-shaped lobe on their lower half which 
instlv point. Mowers without smell. Raceme short, from 2 to 6-flow- 

the calyx. Bractes :j ; one at the base oft! e pe iicel, similar to the stipules 

,oth harsh and striated. Fefals yellow. Filaments equally divided into two 
Pen. .opium in. 1 1. 1 within t ie i 1; x, divided into from 4 to 7 roundish 
nnected by the zigzag sivie. - . luey-shaped. 

, Calyx including the ripe Fruit. 0. Stamina magnified. 3, Fruit magnified. 



Long-flowered Randia. 
Rubiacece. Juss. Gen. p. 196. 

izarpium succulent ia medio lepti ; 

fidus nunc usqu dims, Corolla dccidua: "C 

ndibuliformi, in timbaa 5-partitus. Author; 

is scepius ex-crtis. Stigma clavatum, 2-lobum. Semina numerosa, nidi 
mis scepeut in T Folia opposita una 

' :vfoliaccr,acumiiu 

R. petiolis lungi* . laminis lanceolatis : corollae tubo 9*10 pollicari, extus glabro ; lacimis rcvolutis, 

Locus natalis baud innotuit, forsan Sierra Leon. 
Floret apud nos sub finem Novonbris, Deccmbri. 

This genus was named by Houstoun in honour of Mr. Isaac Raxd, one of his botanical do- 
, and adopted by Linne in the Appendb 

r :'. -.;•:.<.■.... ■ .. v.', • ., : .•■,.-■■-.: ■ ^ ■• ■■:■■: 

-r . - i :, •:'- ■ •. ' ... • ■ V • ' ''; : " '' ' ' 

.......... . •.'. ■- : , ;;.-■..-: ' <::::" .:- ■' ^ '' ■■ 

seems to be more swelled at the top : its mere length is of BO g 

,. .- ■ . ■ . ;.. - - - ■ ' . . : 

,i by Decandolle from Gardenia rubifiora ot the Lotam.ts 
^n^he plant i^^ 

L "' ■: -'.' V ■■;/.■.•:■■..= :■.':■ • ■' ; •' • ■ ■■ -.■- •. 

T;'r '■•'■■. v v,'. ; ■ :'. .VYV. ' ^ '^ /-'■ 

• '.:•''. ■ .....v.!.,! :■., .■■;....•:...■ I--:- ■ -■.••;■::■ ' ' ' 


• .... i . '■ •■ .': -■ , \. .:...'... ;.-'-■ ' : ; '' ' ']' ■ 

.; + u^,. t an y sm ... 

near. Corolla leathery: Tube 9 to 10 inches in length, 

;;, , ^ ,. - ' ■'■ .: . . / 

- :-,: . .. .... ■ : ^ - - 

■ - ■ "" : " 

— r-.,:. -I =,;■:.-.■, ..,;,:.. ■, .". .. - : ^ - ''■' ; • V ■ ^ . 

■-■ .':■■.' ■..■■-.•■■.:■ ..■■" :■;-'. : : / 

impression of the anthers: much of the pollen adh- ^hm ™ e ' lm 

ed orifice ot and a little higher than the top ot the 

probably promote the fecundation. _ ^ ======= -— = 


1 . Two views of an Anther. 2. Transverse section of the Young Fruit. 



Lime-leaved Hibiscus. 
Orclinem Naturalem et Characterem generis vide sub No. 22. 

; arboreus, inermis : bracteis in calycem exteriorem confluent ib us. 

auriculatis: foliorum laminis subretundo-cordatis, rarissime 3-lobis, plus mir 
— - subtus tomentosis glandula plerumque unica : bracteis 9-10 : petahsuno la 

I.Tili*folius. Prodr. p. 383. H. tiliaceus. Cav. Dm 3 P . 150. f.«./. 1. f™™:*'* 1 ^™ 

Linn. Sp. PL ed. 2. p. 976. H. foliis, &c Linn. PL Zeyl. p 25 9 . Althea &c 2 Browne 

p. 214. Malva arborea, &c. cortice in funes ductih. Sloane Hist. Jam j \. p. 215 t. 

134./. 4. Alcea malabarica, abutili folio, &c. Ray. Hist. p. 1070. Ketmia indica .Till* foho. 

, p. 100. Alcea indica sinarum, flore luteo malvaceo. ***J^\S&iJ£. 

J. Herb.Amb. v. 2. p. 218. f. 7 3. Pariti s. Tali panti. Meed. Hort. Mai. v. Up. 53. 

i Ins. Jamaica, oris mantimis, legit I', urowne. 
Floret apud nos, Augusto, Septembri. 

A common maritime shrub between the Tropics, for I can find no difference in specimens from 

gland on the under side of the principal nerve or sometimes also on the two lateral nenes. vu P 
flowered last summer in the stove of Mada m "t ^Z^Tfl^C^Tsoon attaining the same 

Stem in its native soil, according to Browne 16 or 18 leet n gn, a 
height here. Leaves resembling those of the Lime tree more or less hoary o fa fall . 

generally crenated, then- petiole long and almost round. S^'/^^^^^e branch 
in §°ff- Flo«e i^-v, but the leaves gradually decreasing m size ^_ 

dividing into forks, they form a thin panicle. Bractes Qor 10, connueni at u« u. 
lyx. Calyx much longer than the bractes ; deeply divided into 5, ™*f^ape£ 
, those of many other species, w i, 

but more obliquely truncated o 




■t' • 


Flax -flowered Btyek*. &f&&* 


Classic xiii. Juss. Gen. p. 228. Petala Staminaque toro hypogyno inserta. 

Calyx 5-8-partitus, persistens. Petala 5-8, calycis laciniis alterna, sspc unguicula 

Stamina pi tali- numero squalia ct alterna, vel dupla qua? adduntur iisdem opposi 
Pericarpium figura variura, membranaceum, 1-4-loculare, 2-5-valve, ab apice cum septis axi so- 
lute dehiscent Stvlus simplex ant plures, nunc di< In t »i n. N:;m ta in multi^ < ipitata. Semina 
p r t I t colo cent ■ : &»•**• 


. ■ ■ . ■ ' •'■■''•■ 

cuius in cunahuit* cnciitutus. Bracteu sparsce vel nulhe. \ldro\andam ad Porfcilaceas potius reje- 
ram. Locus Or ophylleas et Saxifrageas. 

DROSERA. J.L. Rossolis. T. Filamenta 5-8. Anthers basi inserts, lata!. Pericarpium MdM 

1-loculare, 3-5-valve St>li J-l, sspiin didiotomi. Stigmata clava t - 
bussessilia, tenella ant effceta seel 

casque invoked /. / to, , « Urmina/es, I'anu uld .iwplia ant 2-chotomd, rarius 1-Jiord. Bractew spars*. 
LADROSIA. Filamenta 5. Anther* basi inserts, oblongs. Pericarpium conieum, 1-loculare, 

duligera. I ■ „ld 2-7 -ford, corymbosd. Bractece sparser. Drosera Lusitanica L. 

Nomen a Xot et fyoo-os, ob copiam roris. 
IREON. Burm. Roridula. J. L. Filamenta 5. Anthers basi in Callum desinentes supra quodjn- 

lum,3-lobum. Semen 1 i apfcem i Koude Bocke Veldt. Folia inferior a confer t a, hi 


petita, secundum Phil. Bot. 235. Botanico indigna sunt ; et Gloriosa, JUirabilis^aai exclusit J v 
BYBLIS. Filamenta 5. Antherssupra basin inserts, oblongs. Pericarpium 

supra basin inserts, ooiongs. rcm-aip—" — 
ia hemisphsricum, 2-lobum. Semina plurafu 

Herba No 

ealiaud Spergularum. Vaults Jusyormis rc«« 
Fires aJares, l-ri h pedunculis long*. Bracte* 

DIOMEA. Ell. J.L. Filamenta 10. Anthers basi inserts, subrotund: 

/", quce lobis re; , '■ Flares terminates, Panicula corymoo 

decomposed. Bractece sparsce. 

A. Gord 

1. nearly smooth. Leaves 

ors solitary in the axils of most of the upper leaves, erect. Pe- 
below it, thicker ami ungulated near the calyx where it is more 
(1 no bracte whatever in any of the peduncles. Calyx 5-phyllous, 

he plant. Petals 5, "pale blue, inserted in the receptacle, alternate 
•urved-spreadinu. obovatewith verv short claws, imbricated late- 
ral retire, ^mm-tli, not tailing off "when they wither. Filaments 
l>etaU with whicli thev are alternately inserted in the receptacle, 
\nther> pale blue with deep-coloured edges, inserted a little above 
.ed, opening towards the front. Pericarpium superior, somewhat 
lissepiment contrary and adhering to the valves. Style simple, 
Stiiiina large, 2-lobed, papulose and very moist with its natural 
tac fa cell, inserted at the bottom upon a central receptacle by 

\ single leaflet of the Calyx magmtied :. It nt and b n;k view of a Stamen highly magnified. 
. Transverse section of a Young Fruit near u> bu-e, magnified. 4. Young Fruit highly magni- 
ed. 5. A Seed magnified. 




Aromatic Curcuma. 

Cannae, Juss. Gen. p. 02. 

Sect. u. Pencarpium 3-loculare, polyspermum. Anthem didyma, M *-* Stylus gra- 
cilis, inter loculos anthers retentus. Stigma cy thifonne. 

n n T„WU vpntricosulus, barba clausus : Limbus exterior 3-par" 
Calyx 3-fidus latere nunc rupto. Con .. 3 -fidum la- 

titus, inU-vior C-lab ■ ..... HerU acaula. I oha 


. « . . . ^ " " ■"■'■■ •; ; ,. . . .. . • -■ •■ •■ 

C. foliomm MA* .otU dk late lanceolate, nnbescen.ibns , thyrso oval., ante fob. . 

anthera ultra loculos retusa. 
Gaidoar, sive Zedoarium alteram, &c. Camel Syll.p. 23. 
Sponte nascentem in Ins. Luzon, locis opacis humidis, legit J. Kamei. 
Floret apud nos Maio, paulo ante folia erumpunt. 

ci,»hointhela S tvolomeoftheL.noeanS<x A N ,,. ; , 

Sl"l°ot e ;ccoV„rof S toi, or arlatic £*, and Father K«.l I 

Vitb regard to it, S e„„ S ,: to Z jfa* ,-lj 

.':..,■: ■ ■ - - . '" ■ ■ ■ .. : : 

...,.:- ■ : .:•■■■ :■•''"■ . - ' ' , 

' ,-■... ■ ' .:■ ^ ' ■ ■■ \. 

■ , : ■'■■ ■■■■•■. ' ' ■ . ■ 

■•■■ ■■■•■■■■ ■■■■■■ . v, ■.-.•■■■■.•■■, ■. ■ 

Four ot the genu a. .~-~ -- • y . h 

[ortus Vindobonensw : 2dl» the true £eac ' J d Qn lheir U pper sU f^ e /S lea L entirely 
aves of which are smooth ^.\ ,a ^ .J^Lurplc: 4thly, tins here figured vutb ^ J 
nooth leaves the petioles of ^*gj« . ^to be the thrrd 

reen, pubesce, .1 ,ndel Plants, unless that turnsoutt 

.'■I-^d.pubeK-ent. Bractes below th 

I » ti», 0*i margins towards the bottom coatecin. with 

:-u-::;''.... ^' : -- : - ' ■ ■- - ^ ' ' . 

the disc of the 

aonelled- *1 ■•;il one irom j 10 4reet ion"- 

wJ j j, ' . " very entire, terminated by a 

smooth * ^^X-SSSyKSr* that " S °° n deCay " 

3. Top of the larger division of 
few of the Stamen and Style in 
n only. 6. Pistillum and Nee- 


Large-flowered A n igo unit h m . 

Irides. Juts. Gen. p. 59. 

Sect. in. Genera Iridibus afiinia. 

Pericarpium inferum, crustaceum. Corolla pcricarpio confluens, curva, tubule I Linton biem, 
insert*, basi t m». S^m> cbtmtmw . 

- • ■■■-- : ' ■■'' ' - - ' : ' ', '' ; ' 

hu,us sectie m*V t fmtmjmgo Philydrum, non semper monanarum. ou 

A. pedunculo interne nudo: paniculd laxa : corollis 14-18-lineas longis. 
A. Flavida. Decand. in Red. PL Liliac. n. 176". 
Sponte nascentem in New Holland, oris occidentalibus, legit P. Goon. 

ed, whether to regard it as distinct tram Bl . 1 " R °" , '"±S , „" r and truly 

' :■.:■■..■....:■■•■:■■ ■ ' .- . ■; : ;. ■ . ■- . ■ 

2dly, in its stem being smooth to ,,., bringcon- 

]»te-colour:4thly,inhnM , acters- 

.,.,, • .,■. i.. ■■• ■■■ '•' ■■ V v ,.,, 

£ ££ Z£*>"« rtSS?^ its being a 

- ; . : ■ -■ ■ ■■■ - ' 


ed into bractes, biiarious M-rnca , I 1 eaMancrolati u, ; a rtgure of a 

S p „„"r,'. i&^r-Sf^ZPtt 

t sLd,,„7,e brawn, very woolly except within the cora ., 

- . 

•■..■,:;->■.-■ : 

■„•■..■■ ' 

nail, of the same colour as the tube and woolly, its inner 

with whitish stars so as to appear lead-coloured ; its divisions very spreading but somewhat incurved 
and finally converging. Filaments 6, y irraduallv 

longer roundish. Anthers yellow with a thick orange coloured rib to which they are attached 
pointed at the top. Pollen yellow. Style yellowish green, 3-angular, rather longer than the tube' 
smooth. Stigma yellowish green, club-shaped, finely papulose. Seeds black, numerous shaped 

1. The two different sorts of Wool highly magnified. 2. A Flower laid open. 3. Two views 
single Stamen magnified. 4. Transverse section of the Young Fruit. 5. A ripe Seed. 




Garland Hooker a, 

Asphodeli. Juss. Gen. p.5\. 

Sect. v. Corolla regularis, marcescens. Floresfasciculati. Bractece tot, interiores 

Corollae Tubus plus minus urceolaris : Umbos recurvus, 6-partitus. Filaments 6, ore tuhi mseru 

alternisnunc sterilibus et petaloideis, erecta. Antherae pra -! 

! ■ 

dura. Semina oblonga, J - ita. Ilrrlne <■ Caiifnrnin. Iliilhus prraini.s, splurrt- 


dunculus gra ' Gulielmi Hooker, pktoris /lujmce operis,gcnus 

sacrum velim: duce species innotuerunt. 
Coronaria. H. corolla laciniis tubo parum longioribus : filamentis alternis sterilibus et petaloideis. 
Pulchella. H. corolla laciniis tubo brevioribus : filamentis brevissimis, omnibus antheriferis. 
Sponte nascentemin California, utrasque legit A. Mexzies. 
Floret prior apud nos Junio. 

For this-and several other rare plants taken from a Spanish prize condemned at B 
Scotia, I am indebted t- Mrs. II.vliburton of that place. Ir 

and is one of those mentioned in Dr. Smith's Fnti ^Jussieus 

idea that the flower of all i ' S *° , are 

; - 
■■':. ' '■'' luler u,1 >' c 

unnecessary, and the genus connri 
to this subject, in the 8th volume c 

f invali(hiti:m what I ha\e presumed to say rela 
rated lecturer ju^t mentioned, especially respect 

/ "^ ' ! . .." " ^ ' • : ' : 

ire, ana th.,t in s " of vegetables, 

uently inquired into with advantage. 
Root bright brown, similar in external appearance t 

n the moss the root was packed in, 

i quarter, ol an inch wide in the 1 

ice slightly furrowed, all decayed by the 

us, succeeding each other slowly, erect, 

east In 


time the fruit 




, ob- 

he iii -t 




each divi. 

ion of 

Tather ] 

pitcher-shaped thai 

» funnel-d 


top projecting 


;;;';;; ■■;;; 



, _ei.ell 



smooth on both l 

\, th. rs \eliow w . | ih i i _< , - i >' - i mg, i ted at th< has< uhc i th \ a i J-iid, quite erect, 
broad-linear, deepK rmargiuatcd at tin top) J-iocular, 4-va 

Pollen deep yellow. Torus or receptacle yellow, p: iterous lobes to which the 

-reen, not so long as the tube, 9 MgQ 
larwith rudumnts oi ) intermediate ingles', .Mocular, smooth. St\l< yelku sh green, reaching to 
about the bottom..! the anthers, erect, triangular, smooth. Stigma yellow, large in proportion to 
the style, somewh -it sha| I, d led into lick recur\ I wedg shaped I c fun owed on 
their upper side. Seeds from ."> to 7 in each cell, inserted ou the internal margin of the disM- imen' . 
in a doable row ; in our plant only two of them ripened imperfectly and were black, fully a line 

1. The Corolla spread open with the Stamina, one of the barren c 
Anther at the top. 1. !' - ■■;' the Pericarpit 

lilerous receptacle. 4. A Seed magnified. 



Long-pedtutcith (I ( 'rp/mclis. 

Rubiaces. Jitss. Cat. p. 1,96'. 

s coadunati. Arborcs aut Frutkei 

Calyx varic 5-fidus, nunc hyalinus. Corolhc 
que cfausus : Limbus crassus, 5-partitus ; laci- 
5 minus corniculatis. Anthenv 5, supra nu< 
tubi subsessiles Nectari im callosui 

Fruticr.s soup, mrc/ifa. Cau/is infra 

s. -2.(1,1 r, best mtUt callow »n ruo w*o. Bra tae coadunata,rar>, inciss, pvmstau 

C. foliorum laminis lanceolatis, glabris: stipulis carina!!- capi 
tenoribus ivpandu-dentutis: ca yet barbuero : corolla lacinn 
Sponte nascentcm m Sierra Lcou,\v^\t II. Smk.vtiimax. 
Floret apud nos Januario, Ftbruario. 

approaches nearer to CephaWs, than *! 

>se decree- tliey w 

of the science, is certainly equal, if"* " 
5-narius, very rarely occur in the s 

; , ' : ^ ... .-.v.', ;'■ : ' :■ : 

• , t ■ ■ : - ■ 


t S \vel\-d below t 
; fringed with brown shining t 

, ullll ,^. lanceolate, vny entire, ob 

i callous I 
ched. Peouncle palc- 

nentnb running down me iwu natter »d< on , s more win(lin| 

hairs especially upon <l, ribs. 1,. cto .; tW,>, the nat> 

dentate, gradually smaller till srutcetv an> uate* o u , R)lin 

ra.numhiheingLetoea,, ....,.,„,. 

smooth. Pericrpium belete , ..rly to the nrahi 

CaUx whitish, neurit n apparent, 1 line long, broKH lv|ljl , ]]al 

s-lanceolate, very entire, projei 

TUhmdiluir l« '<>• 

with a narrow channel in the middle : soon falling off. Anthers 5, very pale ochre-colo 
,i i 1 1 1 Le above their base upon exceedingly short filaments near the orifice of the tube, all 
lomew hat retuse at the top, their valves opening in front. Pollen very pale yellow. 
whitish green, CTOWBMg I I d,not 

white, rather higher than the recurved limb, somewhat thickened towards the top, ruu 
Stigma v. lute, '2-paitite : its divisions probably recurved but in our specimen erect, nar 
lanceolate, convex, finely papulose. 

One Segment of the Calyx magnified, shewing its beard on the outside. 
Nectarium. 4. Corolla laid open magnified. 5. On 
ring its external horn. 6. Two views of a single Stamen magnified. 7. Two 

I t^IH 


Cotinus-leaved Correa. 

Rutaceae. Juss. Gen. p. 296". 

Sect. 11. Rut? tipulatis. 

Calyx cupulaeformis, brcvissime 4-fidus, pcrsn-tens. Petali 1. toro h^erfa. supra basin varie cohrrrc 
tia, decidua. Filamenta S, tot insrrta,a!t rna q 

■ \ ntatum. I-'u-u-arpni 

superum, 4-coccum, coccis basi apicequc taotura 3 . Seauna 2 in qtw 

cocco, Colo ft tm MisiliR. Fnrttcei Nows Ho . 

Gemmx 1 -rwe aid bins: t t 

mlnutissimeglandu!uvi. h'ion a I -rii,H.v» iii,terminulcs.Bract 

internum '2, , itttimonon. 

C. foliorum laminis plus minus orb < 1 itis nt g 1 mi*, s ibtus praecipue ' 
tis : petalis vix cohaarentibus : antheris apice retusis. 

Variat a. : petalis fere albis. 

C. alba. VcPf.Janl. Mahti.v. 1. 
alba. JFiflrf. 6>. P/. x>. 2. p. 3! 
£ : petalis intus carneis. 

Sponte nasceni , locis mari vicu 

Floret apud nos a Novembri in Jprilm. 

This plant is highly honoured by perpetuating the 1 
Use lustr 
Linnean Transactions. II - ot tlU3 coiinm, 111 every sen>e, wuvu uc »un i» 

In natural affinity, I think with Billardiere, Desfontain 1 l, ■ U V«m 

■ ■■ -.. > /: . . ..'. : .u,:. -: - :.. .I"!.- - ' ■ ■'■'■•'■ • ^ ■ ' ' ' ' • ^ 

' -. - . ^i-T ',' '. ■ - . -,■■;>:''■ .■■■••■■•■'■ : 

■''■ , .'. . ..■•. ■ '' ;, .■,■;.. •/ ..•■■ ■:;..■■ ' • " 

semblances off 


:• and i 

ruit, proving the w 

isdomof LlNNE'si 

1 Mr. 


T, this species is f 

bund near the sea, e 

many C p°lanTs g gn 
escence: Pheba 

:h have no affinity 

iiccs, Ilippophac, l-l 

?A of peltated scale- 

scribed by all p 


n.-nv figured fro 

etion of . 


, Esq. at Edmonton 

blush colour. I 

h :i \. 

t another name, to: 

or ought to aut 

[ departu: 

re from truth. 


Two views of an Anther magnified. S. A ¥© tug 

c+ one 9 Two views of an Anther magmnea. 

*E^*m*^ + ?**NgJ£Z& [tSS^X*. 9. A Seed magnified 

shewing its i 



Simple-leaved Rose. 

Rosacea;. Juss. Gen. p. 334. 

Calyx 5-phyllus : folic 

- ; . ;■ ■■ ■ ■ ■. - . ■ 

leatis,foliolis 1 - . . ■ d ^„ , n ,■,„/; ,,-/,,, 

i ca?siis, simplicibus, exstipulatis. 

ite nascentem proj • \. Micn.wx : in campis infra jugum 

ontium Eh-ind, legit G. A. Olivier : prope fluvium Uldshar in lacum Allagul fiuentem deserti 
mgarici, legi t J. S i E v e r s . 

The first account I find, of this rare species, is in the Appendix to Jussieu's Genera Plantarum, 

published in 1789, four years after it had been discovered by Michaux. From seeds sent by him 

when he returned to the Right Hon. Sir Joseph BawKS, several plants were raised at Kra and 

' ■'- but the, aU died in two years no doubt for want ot a proper soil. Afterwards in J7P3, 

near the river Uldshar ; and his des< iruit lias b< en printed by Pallas in 

the 10th volume of the I\u - ih Transact \< Still n i eiv.Oi.tvi r n hi> journey through 

lersia collected seeds of it, which have succeeded verv well at Pa/is, and from one of his plants 
brought from thence by a friend of Charles Walsh am's, Esq. which flowered at Whctstum; the 
annexed drawing was made. 

1 believe that this /;„,«■ would thrive bitter with us in the open air, it" planted in a border of 
br; 'ckish earth, than by any other mode ot cultivation ; for, the root extends to a great length, send- 
m S up suckers s it ,-un i\ , ml the t soft E vind i unit dris, in the valley below which 

pL.vii (; f nst mot with it> U .;. IV ()11 tho (|!h t)f hnu , stili covercd with a little snow, so that it is pro- 
bal ' K exposed to man, a, old blast therein the winter. 

s '»'ni of wild plants. seldom exceeding IS or JO inches in height, the principal one : 

each leaf: these pairs ,,t prickles however are i ' '• other species, as Jus- 

"eit supposes, for the\ are very differently inset ; l ^ ' 1( li : !n ll d 

lather than obversel v wed points of the serratores! 

a » evident prickle, finely downy on both surfaces: Nerves scarcely visible. Mowers exceedingly 

."■ J, ^-aiit, eiect, solitary at the ends of mo<t oi I un. prickly. 

Ic-rus, which Willdenow remarks has 1 -,.•. mp perk boa, ca 

*nd beset with numerous small prickles. Leaves of the Calyx si) ' i l "J ;, «' 

vvith a deep orange coloured base, spreading, obcordate, S mootn. r uamems 3*""«» «» 
the base and some of them cohering together, smooth A»*X^ru^«ciS 
both at the bottom and top. Pericarpiums about 26, hid within the Torus and according t 
not h^ry like those of most other species; the 8*1 vavcely project 1 

orifice are evidently hairy. Stigmata deep yellow, somewhat capitated, er 



Troud Abroma. 

Malvaceae. Juss. Gen. p. 27 1. 

ect. v. Stamina varic connexa, numero definita aut rarius indefinita. 

alyx 5-partitus, persistens. Petala 5,ovalia basibus unguium late fornicatis, .!«■« m.Iuh. Anther* 15, 
ili 5-ridi 3 una glomerata?, didymae. Nectaria >, I 

/ : 

I re* i it es; in I ml Uis bret > s, 2-4 «o »"• *" flWft8 

2, />mj*/tvif t *. D«a* ^ai« xidi, prater quas, in Jailor, tertiam detail llrut. Browne. 
. A^artim. A. eaule pubescente : cymbali staminei laciniis rctusis : pericarpii abs subtruncatis. 
A au^usta Willd Sp PI v 3. p. 14M- A. Wheleri. ff'"i/W. Sp. PL v. 3. p. l«:i. A. Wheleri. 
p. 341 . Tlveob^oma aug - *«■ Theobroma augusta. to; *rf. Nat. ed. 

13./>. 223. 
Spontc nascentem in Bengal, ad margins dumetorum, legit R.Williams. 
. Tastuosum. A caule hispido muricatoqne : cymbali staminei lacimis obtusis: pericarpii alis longe 

A. fastuosum. Goertn. Fruct. 
in Raj/. Hist. v. 3. p. 12.9 

n juxta fluvium Endeavour, legit J. Bah «, Baronettus : in Ins. Lvzon, legit . 

Floret apud nos, 

i Ocf oftri 

.... , ,»-*«i Gtutnek's of the fruit, and Peti- 

No figure of this ^ro»>a has yet I ^ and wil , 

vcu's reduced b, ; nc;, it y* ,, c ,es. I have 

;•■..,.. : •■ ' 

not the smallest d^ubt that they an [• ,ilc , and ,t> 
its s tl !l,.,ed puh,-^ nee penetrating the .km much more eas.iy , 

seeds not so evidefitlj luberculated. , he appears to have been 

Willdewow's two specie*, new-rib. - . and rartly by 

led into this blunder parti) b) LiaKI , M B| bj KoEN , G , and in 

Retzius' calling the leaves ovate ovato-lanceolata, so that 

flowering branches, which ^ { ue hcve, come out opposite to the 

leaves, in all the i] tries i I this * nvs. BPPU rate ■ he says they are inserted " margini 

Guumi.,,. l - ■ n ; i i.k - -;■•; ., -,,. the other 

di.ysepuiiaitvnu* t <. nvd/o, m-tead <i '" an.t a «- J ^ ^^^ ( t| .. \ M |; U . with his u<ual car^e, 

species, which are fully a* | ,. !ullgoUS substance pressed 

trjraSJSSS :■• 3 '.. £ 

with bristles some of which are stellated. Leaves yellow-green, 7 ->-:•- ed witj a 
the petiole than in Abroma Augustum, in the flou, ' finally tan 

ceolate, very hairy especially on the under surface. Stipules small, persistent, narrowly wedge- 
shaped, thick and convex on the outer surface. Flou r< „ ,1 I , - ■ -h, t , r. ,. , , t 2 or I 
flowers. Pedicels erect after tin- fruit begins to swell. Bractes 2 at the base of each pedicel, very nUv 
■: -• ,.- - ..•■.; ■■ ". ' : ■ ■• 

very entire : persistent. Petals 5, chocolate-colour, inserted at the l>a-e ot the sMnnniteroiis < Mi.i>al, 
pendulous .Claws dilated into a lyre-shaped cavity, variegated with yellow, bearded externally, ami 
cm-rina the anther*: Lamina oval, finch downy csp, ci.,11 v on the outer sunace : deciduous. An- 
thers 15, vellow, inserted by threes under the interstice- of a chocolate - .loured and yellow ,5-iid 
Cymbal, the divisions of which are ■ ' ^des. Nectaries o, yellow, inserted 

at the very bottom of the cymbal under the anthers, and I think in the receptacle rather than the 
Cymbal itself, trausversels oblong, very prominent, callous. Pericarpium befon imprcg i ition imm ■ 
arid concealed wit in the c tribal,.)- i„ ! , bearded in i rou> aften rds minrh u I a hall long of 

faleat'cd wing, flitting from 'the center nf the axis which is composed of long yellowish soft hairs. 
Stigmas 5, narrowly wedge-shaped, converging below the middle into a short ventricose tube. Seeds 
black, obovate, their anllus yellowish brown. 

. The Young Fruit magnified. 2. A single Petal detached, natural size. 3. A single Anther 
magnified. 4. The staminiferous Cymbal and Anthers magnified. 5. One valve of the nne 
Fruit. 6. A Seed. 



•Jjf- r p \ I i; •> 


Rush-leaved Chlamysporum. 

Asparagi. Juss. Gen. p. 40. 

Sect. I. Flo;v >lla toro inserta. Pericarpium superum 

Petalao", exteriora su't ii u iria. mt rioi i m Ito latiora fimbriataq' 

doMiiontilHis, altonia nam loiuzissimse. Pericarpium 

3-valve, medio loculorum dehiscens. Stylus intra apicem tunmiuiu-. mi-hki an-u-inm. -vnnna 
in singulis lneulis medio anguli interni sessilia, angnlata, ant!" 1-1. it. Tali ..l.icria. // ( rf,r Nm 
Hollandia:, perennes. Radix cetate tuberculatum jibris simplkiusculis. I'nlui radii i,t,„n-ust .,•■;. 

/......'.■ • , ■ ■ - . ^- ' • . • - ■:••..■.- 


fw. ifwc referenda Ornithogalum Dichotomum Bill, necnon forte ejusdan Ornithogalum Tria 

C. foliis linea " conmrti-Mims : anthens recurve, alu 

nis longissimis. 
Sponte nascentem prope Tort Jackson, legit A. Gordon. 
Floret apud nos Septcmbri. 

I raised this plant two years ago from seeds taken out of a specimen communicated by E. J. 
Woodford, Esq. and it is now in Mr. Evan's collection S 


3-androus; but as I only know them from his description and hgures, 1 dare not jet insert mar o 
ference in my generic character. ? . . . 

culent. La iUTone. up .1 it liko m,,h.U 

only about 3 inches in length, scarcely a line in 
almost linear, ycin entuv/t , point it<. I 
a loose panic!, of" .pik, s .!, m, Ives so close as to resemble 


• ■ :'■. ■; ■ .:. :. ,:, i . ' ' • < ■ • ' ' i 

...... J ; ' 

ceeding finely st 

riated with sc 

side of the dors 

tender that it is i 

difficult to dr; 


and tops, inserted at their base which is emarginated, firmly fixed and certainly not versatile as 
Rn.t.ARDiF.KT, describes those ot his Omit hoodlums, recurved, 2-locular with 4 valves which split 
longitudinally but the anterior ones M much shorter, that the apertures left at the top resemble ob- 
long pores, gVadimlU narrowed, those three which are opposite the inner petals much longer. Peri- 
carpium before impregnation yellowish, 3-angular, smooth: after it begins to swell greenish, when 
ripe tinned with iibranaceous, 3-locular, splitting in the middle of the cells. Style 

yellow, about equal in length to the longest stamens, a little swelled under the top. Stigma truncat- 
ed. Seeds blaek, 8 in earh ci LI, inserted at the middle of the internal angle, sessile, nearly covered 
laterally by a yellowish waved callous Arillus. 


A back view of the Corolla laid flat. 2. Stamina and 
of a Stamen before the Pollen is discharged with it 
Fruit. 5. A Seed with its Arillus magnified. 



Obtuse-leaved Diapensia. 

Erics. Juss.Gtn.p. 159. 

Calyx 5-phyllus, persistens. Corolla 1-petala : Tubus calathiformis: Limbus recurvulus, 5-partitus : 
decidua. Filamenta 5, lata, tubum inter lacinias terminantia. Anthera? didymae, nunc basi ro- 
stratae. Pericarpium fere totum superum, ovatum, 3-loculare, 3-valve, medio loc tilorum i Mnw . 
Stylus crassus. Stigma 3-lobum. Semina numerosa, Colo retuso adangulum internum toplkt, tab* 

sita,in rosas conferta. 17 > xd loi^imado \-rii. hrmiiu U-s, ( recti, lhactac 

Sjttxta cahja t,pra:n, as. Gt us in son nut i ij u.ijuxta Azaleani 

hcandum, faerant. 

Obtusifolia. D. ft iticift. 

D. lapponica. Oed.inFLDan. t. VJ. bona. D.lapponica. Linn. Sp. PL ed. 2. p. 202. 

D. lapponica. Linn. FLSuec. ed. 2. p. 6U D.lapponica. Linn. PL Lapp. n. 88. f. If 1. 
Sponte nasi-, - • < C. I.i I n i . : in Mwm£, hor- 

ridis scopulis, legit G. C. Oeder : in Ins. Newfoundland, rupibus mantimis, legit 

J. Ban ks, Baronettus : in New H* ' • D. Peck : in Kamschatka, 

legii J. Dixon. 
Floret apud nos Aprili, Maio. 

Cuneifolia. D. foliis lanceolato-cuneatis, inferne pubescentibus : antheris horizontalibus, basi rostratis. 
Pyxidanthi.:. < PL Boreali-Am. v. 1. p. 152. t. 1?. 

Sponte nascentem in North Carolina, montibus, legit A. Michaux. 

This curious little shrub is now flowering in the collection of the Right Hon. Ch arles G a i vi llf 
t dreary country, as well as others near the arctic cmcic, it 
naritimc n tlcr roots mt0 tne crevices, 

where 'there is a little soil. . , _,. 

Linn e first discovered it, and established the genus in Flor, • r confounding 

which th.M ,', ,r i>< lanist p. r.M'sMn «h iU ^nus. In the I.M e i.t.on ot 1 bra Sueaca, this 
error is com-.: . ^, Ml he hul received -strong. Mat 

in tyec^ Plantarum he joined another plant of t • / " tia lUr \ " l "' tn , ' 11 : 

genus. Jussieu places Du^ouM at the end of his Convolxuli; in a separate section however, ana 
not without a query, if it really belongs to them. 

From specie * -d by Professor Peck, the first suspicion arose m 

my mind that it belonged to Eric*, whicl m.o« c. ti. . I m-m..i - - pl*nt, and a'l 

doubts, if any could remain, are taken away, by another spec. t J° ■„ 

C.t/W/«<,, which turns out to be the Pyxidanthera of Michaux. Probably, its immediate station, m 
a natural series, will be next to Azalea Procumbent . a ° 'in in 

the rest, and according to Jcsstr.w's present definition of li/wdodaidra. • 
the Order; but I ! m i Ireadj binted under P^flwtoee r«3f<*a, my opinion that the Bicomes of 

8te4» C l^^rS™^braiiching closely into little turfs or cushions, which ^jP«J| ■£ 
forms me often become large and firm enough in th » t: f h Thelcaved La el 

weight of a man standing upon them, very slender but woody and covered w,lh *^^~, ~)* " 
for years. Leaves dark green and more or less tinged with brown on ^^PP^. 8 "^!^^;^ 
green on their under surface, from 4 to 7 lines long very clo, b ££££* 

erect, dilated into a thin membranace- 

: . . . ■■ .^ .,.■■ . ... ' - '■ ' ■ •" '" ' ' ■ " ' " ■ ■ .. 

-^ . - ... ■. . ■■■ -■-■■ ^ -•• ■■ ■ ■' - : ' ' : . ■' .. ■ r..:-.-..:,. 

fromSto'" 1 ' ' -* "~ ,: — *-*— 1 ""nnth. Bractes 3, 

erect, oval, persistent : 

lilar to the leaves in consistence. Calyx of 5 leaflets: these are somewhat imbricated, erect, 
il, (dh i) slightly crenulated towards the top which is rather tumid, quite smooth, nearly equal 
size, persistent. Corolla white, fully 3 lines in length : Tube bowl-shaped : Limb slightly recurv- 
diwded to tin- base into 5 obovate very entire obn - - 100th on both stirt'aci's, 

;iduous. Filaments 5, white, terminating the tube between the divisons of the limb, broad, short, 
ct, somewhat narrower towards the top, quite smooth, hollowish. Anthers yellow, confluent with 
filaments, retuse,didymous: lobes oblique, elliptical, 1-locular, 2-valved, splitting long 
much contracted after the pollen is discharged. Pollen yellow. Pericarpium green while young, 
|,,w within '■' lie calyx and corolla are inserted so as not to be 

te superior, almost globular, 3-celled : when fully grown oval, splitting in the middle of the 
Is: Cola, or receptacles of the seeds, retu-e. St\le pale \ell.nv, reaching to about the height of 
■ anthers, columnar, round, smooth. Stigma deep yellow", 3-lobed, papulose. Seeds pale brown, 
mcrous, sessile, somewhat egg-shaped, very finely scrobiculated. 

t of the Corolla magnified. 2. Two views of a Stamen more magnified. 3. Pistillum mag- 
J. 4. The ripe Fruit natural size. 5. Transverse section of the Fruit with the Seeds taken 
sf one cell, magnified. <-'. Longitudinal section of the Fruit, shewing the receptacle of the 
I with some still 7 . A single Seed highly magnified. 




Large-flowered Eury sperm urn . 
Ordinem Naturalem et Characterem Generis vide sub No. 75. 

: subtus pubescentulis 

Floret apud nos versus finem Minn, Junio, 

This is the handsomest species of the genus yet discovered, and one of those confounded in oui 
gardens under the name of Protect Decora; but though male and female plants of all these are in 
Mr. H ibb rut's culle.eMun, where tin drawing was made, I have I!'. - time now to study them. 

In the whole »enus, the males are far more prolific and shewy than the females, as in the gene- 
rality of animals; so we have here anotL o kingdoms. 

Stem of our plant 5 feet high, round top: Brauchea robutt, not so much 

-subdivided as in the others. Leaves pale green, the larger ones 6 or 7 lines broad and two inches 
long, almost sessile, scarcely twisted, spatulate-lanced, very entire, obtuse the p< int itself consisting 

inches and a g long ai vellow colour, with the callosity of a reddish brown. 

Flowers ditVu-i Fascicle or head of flowers from 1 inch and a \ 

to 2 inches in diameter, hemispherical. Bractes which belong exclusively to the head imbricated 
below the flow* K till they are 5 lines long by 3 broad, recurved at 

the top, ovate-wedged ; between the flowers suddenly narrower till they are scarcely \ a line in 
breadth but not shorter, incurved, linear-spatulate ; all of them obtusely mucronated, and shining 
with the gum which exsudes from both surfaces. Torus between the bractes and (lowers pubescent. 
Petals 6 or 7 I »w and coalescing into an arched tube to beyond their middle ; 

from thence deep yellow and irregularly reclined; the uppermost flattish at the top; the other 
three a little narrowei a; 1 approximated with hollowei tops; linear-patiilate, very entire, obtuse, 
convex up to the anthers, then hollowish, smooth on both side-. Anther* about 2 lines long, some- 
what arched, linear, r. tuse, smooth, discharging their pollen in part even before the p. 
Nectaries ? pale vellow. :> Hues lonu, bristle shaped, smooth. Style pale yellow, gradual l\ atte- 
nuated, finely emarginated, hairy near the bottom but without any rudiment of a pencarpium. 

1 1 t 


Gourd-flowered Crocus. 
Ordinem Naturalem et Characterem Generis vide sub No. 30. 

* Folia angusta. 

im parum exsertis : braetcis <2-L : coroll.v (annus 
, reclinatis : stigmatibus angustis. 

Variat a: Corolla pallide ochroleuca Lineis 3 viridi-camileis disco laciniarum exteriorum. 

C. vem. latifol. pallido flore. tins, ///if /V. //A. J./>. jno. ('. vein is M.esiacus 11. C/«J- 
Hist. Farm. p. 228. 
/3 : Corolla pallide ochroleuca. 

C. albus roaj ,, us. Fark. Far. p. lfjl. C. vernus Maesiacus, More albo 

Theatr. Fl. t. 39, 
y. Corolla aurea. 

C. aureus. Smith in Fl.Grccc. p, 25. t. 35. C. vernus latifolius aureus. C. Bauh. Pin. 
p. 66. C. vernus luteus sive Maesiacus. Fark. Par. p. \66. C. vernus luteus M.tsiacus 
flore aureo. Par/:. Par. p. 166. C. vern. latifol. aureo fiore. Chu. Hist. PL It/.. 2. P . 
206. C. vernus Maesiacus 1. Clus. Hist. Pann.p. 226. 

Sponte nascent -. legit y J. Sibtiiorpe. 

Floret Martio. 

icated to me by Professor Sibtkorpe for his Crocus Aureus, 
> quote the figure in Flora Gra-ca, as it represents the leaves 

been drawn from a late flowering specimen. It has been cultivated however in our gardens, since 
the time of Parkinson, and is yet known in some by the name ot tin <> i u '' \ ( m us. I have no 
doubt that it is the true Crocus M i from the com- 

mon one figured in the loth nuiubei n tin 1» m il Ma- me.iowh *I.\ti. late G.i\w i rj 
has since em-: • « tind no mention ot \u- plant m an\ author bcton: 


Both the Generic and Specific Character.', in Flora 0> rca are um\ ,1 ,?< me, , - 
scription. For instance, " Corolla o-. ■- • l|hl ' ili:! n.n-en-e: : 

doubt meant Limbus 6-partitus, but even that would have been incorrect, lor it is onk pn.tuiide 

Bulb from 7 to 12 lines in diameter, spherical with a flat base : ( oats d irk 1m . «< an ,\ -tn.oted. 

inches long, rccurved-xpreadmg, more attenuated a! tin u p than in othei -] ccie^Uu cxtiHm | nut 

under surface, with a line dew or mcai: Rib Hal : Nones exceedin^y hue : <onca\e wit l ieci 
sides, withering in Mai, or Ji/>/<- Flowers nearls without smell, l'amcie trom to 2-How 
Peduncles while, solitary in tin axils oUrom J l 

•'.':.''";;■'.:.■':' ■ "'..'' i".' : ':y,' ■ -.'■■ ■■ ■;■-// ;•■ '■ _ ; ■ -:.■;'.;■, -V 

furrows running a short way down from the 1 
before it expands, from 1'2 to sixteen lines 1< 

I reclined, ovw, >i !lli '' niU! ^ w — ^ 

....... . I - '" ' 

hes ") lines lomi, spread i._, ' road mear, 
the top: after the Pollei ^ Pollen gold-colour. Style whitish 

i yellow top, narrower than the filaments, reaching to about the top of them, somewhat . 3-an - 
mooth S titLs gold-colour, narrow, from a line to a line and a half long dmded deeply 
:-c^few Segments, oWrsely wedge-shaped, plicated but .not convolute, ^mternaUy vxsod-downy. 
i produced plentifully, and bright brown, the hilum not d.scoloured as 10 some others. 


. The Stamina just before the Pollen is discharged. 2. A front and back view of a single Stamen 
' at a still earlier period. 3. The Pistillum. 

% tT if 

t_ v 



Sedum-leaved Primula. 

Lysimachi*. Juss. Gen. p. 59. 

■rif.rmi* ; 1'ula:, ryli;-,- 

nus 10-tuberculatus : Limbus profunde 5-fidus, laciniis s;vjiiu» 

Jilatata? partis in-erta, l.reu^ima. Anth"ra>erecta? vcl converg- 

i membranaceum, 4-10-valve. Stylus apitatum. Semina 

3-50, oblongaNel sabrotunda. Herba > t . o«<r. I , in , ;/ ;. i i h icafa sapun in i v«*. Floret 


eddemque specie, et numei w paritcr inconstans. 

, . 

►. Vitaiiana, Decand. Syn. p. 207 . P. Vitaiiana. Decand. in Lam. FL Franc. 2. ed. v. .3. />. 4.10. 
P. Vitaliana. Allion. FL Fed. v. l./'.OJ. l\ Vitaiiana. D\hr> FL .!■<■-.;. 100. \ndrosacelutea. 
Lam. FL Franc. 1 cd. v. 2. p. '253. Aretia Vitaiiana. Finn. Su-st. \\g ed. 1:5. p. 102. I'. \ nahamu 
Xi»». Sp.Pl.ed. 2. p. 206. Aretia foliis, Sec. Hall. Hist. IF 'r. r. 1. «. 010 Kara qua lam p m- 
tula, &c. Allion. Stirp. Fur. p. 24 . \ ' /'• W- '• ! * • ^an.cula 

repens, &c. P/onf. 3i«rf-B«r*. m Li/,*. W»m«. ,/a,,/. r. ]./, J21. Ann. 

332. P*y#. t. 108./. 6. Sedum alpinum F. Gregorii regiensis. Column. Ecphr.v. 2. p. 03. OM Jc. 

Sponte nascentem in suramitate montis Xabalambre, legit J. D'Asso: in a' 

grino, legit L. Sesler: in Piedmont alpibus abunde, ad nivem deltquescentem, leg.t C. Allion i. 

Floret Junio, Julio : apud nos Aprili. 

This rare plant was communicated by Messrs. Lee and Kennedy, in whose nursery it seems tm 

:■:-.. .-■-,■=..- . - ..- \ -■ ■'■- - ■" ' - ■ ' ' •■■ " , -"' ' ' ' 

"" "' and flower abundantly, in the smokiest part ot J.,.,,,1,,,,. for J NO. 

nu/a, merely for having few .ee.N. even ti,<-ir u ,mbe I 

tubercles surrounding the orifice of the tube are still more so, in many species : the 

ofP^osentiM (oiunH- muwoh, i «h xho ^u 

habit did not .„,,,, up..,, h,. in ,, ieuned . ,,,. 1, uh - . M — , — that he be ; .«« .t to be 

.'■.:.■■■■..:■■■,-::■ . . ; 

rated, from 1 '- to 2 lines lorn;, clustered 

Flowers solitary 

ed, when more luxuriant l,near-,,dge-,liaped, very entire, obtuse, tomentose, 
" at fleshy, mai 

[.ffering from the leaves. Pedicel rom s a line to 
slender, round, slightly cottony. Ton isl irro w: from 

middle Vellowish^tunud, obsoletely 10-angular tfaj S5Si pint 

thence green and 5-fid : Segments erect, semi lanceolate, very enure, mucionuea. 

sometimes a little recwrved, hollow : thinly cottony on both sides. Corolla half an inch long, or 
more, salver-shaped : Tube yellow with a paler base, cylindrical nearly to the top, then ventricose, 
5-angular, its orifice more or less swelled into 10 tubercles: Limb yellow, rather shorter than the 
lube, incurved-horizontal, deeply 5-fid ; divisions obcordate, towards the top sometimes a little cre- 
nated, flat : smooth. Filaments inserted at the bottom of the dilated part of the tube, very short. 
Anthers yellow, obtuse, erect. Pericarp while young yellowish green, turnip-shaped, smooth : after 
impregnation greatly enlarged, finally elliptical, 5-valved. Style cylindrical. Stigma hemispherical. 
Seeds 3 to 5, sessile upon a globular central receptacle, oval, hollow on the side by which they are 




Top-flowered Erodendrum. 
Ordinem Naturalem et Characterem Generis, vide sub No. 67. 

\ laminis 4-7pollices longis, 

ultis vix pubem 

corollis barba crispa truncato-implexis. 

Hottentots Holland, montibus, legit J. Nivek. 

Floret apud nos Maio. 

A most distinct and singular species from the collection of George Hibbert, Esq. If it is not 
hybrid, and ripens fertile seeds, the offspring will probably always exactly resemble the par.:,! plant 


as impenetrable a fence as the wigs of our Bishops, and these must effectually put a stop to any Mich 
adulterous intercourse, as the late Peter Collinsok reported to have taken place between tfe 
flowers of two apple trees, in a letter read by Dr. J. E. Smith to the Linnean Society. Alter the 
strict decorum of express) m tnculcated in that author's Introduction to Botany, and pal 
ing me for allusions of tin. sort, he would have been more consistent in omitting such a passage; 
but I defer what I wish to say upon the subject to another op rfwg hirn> that 

the attack there like- a 1 his others, h so n >tori >um\ unjuM, as to do me service. 

Stem very dwarf, flowering when a few inches | immediately under the 

flower. Leaves crowded : Petiole reddish, narrow, short, half round, flat on its upper surface : La- 
mina dull green, from 4 to 7 inches long, about 1 inch broad, rariottfl) P 

i •■■ .'■--•; ■ '■.''''■'""'■ 

very hairy while vuuiy and not caMing all it- pubescence when old, rough and finely d. 

ally on its under surface ; the principal nerve large, lateral one. ver\ slender ; more <>r le.s waved, 

hard and tough. Flowers without smell. Bractc f tie In ducrum <!rep claret (■■ - 

nally appearing whitish from the cotton with which they are covered, fr'ngcd, ! 

smooth on their inner rarj ia dark i 

ternally covered with white cotton: diVi-ions uMheupp* ...-..-; - •» - ■ <- - n, bearded at its 

cxt.vmm ■■• • together mto a level surface, so that tae whole 

head of flower, N -haped 1 '.e a 1-^ ton hew, l,p Ian eoLte ,t :\ ,-vi m.M w.thout any awn. 

Anthers pale yellow with a dark red spat nan to,>, na !■», ■. V . jnd abundan . 

Style dark red towards the top. Stigma dark red, somewhat flexuose at the base, clubbed at the end, 
grooved as in many others. 


■ covered, r. nged, M.Uulatc-lanced, 



Glaucous Lachruea. 

Thymelaeze. Juss. Gen. p. 76. 

Corollae Tubus longus, basi dilatatus : Limbus 4-fidus, lacinia suprema minore : Glandulae 8, ore 
tubi laoiniis oppositae, callosa?. Filamenta 8, ore tubi inter glandulas inserta, alterna sub intersti- 
s laciniarum breviora. Pericarpium carnoslim. Stylus lateralis. Stigma capitatum, 

Fruticcs graciles. Folia alterna oppositave, nunc lai 4am, te rmm 9m ',k i *vit ir 

pedunculato. Bractece nulla pmter folia ultima in quibusdam ampliata. 
L. foliis glaucis, ovato-cuneatis, utrinque lajvibus, planis, ultimis non majoribus : fasciculis 80-105- 

rloris : corollis supra basin albidis. 
L. buxifolia. Lam. Illustr. t. 292./. l.L. buxifolia. Lam. in Encycl. Bot. torn. 3. p. 373.Gnidia fila- 

mentosa. Linn.Suppl.p. 224. 

Sponte nascentem prope Stelknbosch t legit J. Niven. 
Floret apud nos Maio, Junto. 

A fragrant species, diffusingtbe odour of the Persian Iris, and I believe first introduced by George 
Hibbert, Esq. for I saw it at Clapham many years ago. The gardener who then had the care of 
his collection took it for a Buibonia, some of the species of which genus it resemble^ in habit far 
more than Buxus ; but all the plants of this Natural Order may be gem : 

not in (lower, by the toughness of their bark, and even the young cuticle does not readily separate 
upon attempting to pull off a leaf. . 

Much diversity of opinion has prevailed among learned I 
tribe of plants should be described as having a calyx or corolla, and L»»i n nu 
cused by Lamarck of using sometimes one term and sometimes the other, iruivh to make hi, ge- 
neric different . That he has used both terms is true, but not the reasoning upon 
it, for Linse's characters being founded on the absence or presence of certain additi' 
■:=■ . .■ ..,■■■ ' .. . . - '■ ■■ • " " ■■■■■■ ■■■-'■ 
that it .1 c 1. i.i. but the lea-i.n bo -ius nam- 1\ . t: at *>y the recep- 
tacle, is founded in an error; and he was probably deceived by the U 1 

which is prevalent in every part of Thymelxoe, even their filament- Jv-11 v, tin ugh he u>< s calyv 
in this and th fcrAMWl.tai ' ^MhS 

own opinion th, - "ir.m -d by tlu r. a-.s : 1^ its form and figure, 

often complicated, and which even in the green-th f resemble a calyx, Idly, 

its variety of structure, to which there is no analogy in other calye 
ceeds from this part, and not from the anthers ; ithly, *' ~ " 
or lower in the tube, but in its very mouth. 

A tall shrub with few branches, round, quite smooth, am: HLjTS 

glaucous esre. - ■ '"- : I ^|^ct thatihev an resupmaled, half 

an ?nch or'nn-. *■* " * l ' L " ' "■ lle,iualed at the 

margin and very minutely repand, obtusely mucronated, smooth: Nerves sIender ^ U ^ r ^ w ^;." 
nent on their urn ei iurfece : hi, finely dotted, flat, the last near the flowers not arger Howeis 
erect fragrant even before any ot them are expanded. Fascicle very rlote, trom 89 M 
pSc^wW ish^rwn, about 2 lines long, eiactl ■ «cept that it is pube- 

fcem and TtSenJd towards the top. Bractes none. Torus whi :ig, obcomca 

pTeLnt Cotua e effluent with ,fe receptacle : Tube whitish ^wtfioten" 

limb white with a ffreenisl u »•'«" * - 

u^per smusses wif^w^t division hfnceobu \' ^Tl Z'^Zl 

lowest divison largest of 1 

liaic; wueiai u«. «« S w «..- . 

of ail lanceolate: Glands yellow, semielliptical, obtuse, concave, mmh pu- 
t shining, finally becomii 
Anthers yellow, \ of a line long, emarginated. 

s but shinine. fint lw ^^»' , 

• d. Pericarpium pale green while young, scarcely 

line in length, shaped like a nmepin, one side of the top rather more prominent where it is thinly 

•• the base. Style inserted laterally near the top of the pericarpium, 

%h as the tube, capillary. Stigma white, much broader than the style, capitate thickly 


highly magnified. 2. Two views of an Anther still i 


Bracteal Orchis. 

Orchideae. Juss. Gen. p. 64. 

Sect.iv. Monandraanthera ii 

Petala 6: 5 saepius in galeam conniventia: Labellum figurd maxime varium, nunc calcarigerum : 
marcescentia. Anthera apice styli confluens, cu. in tuberculum commune 

aut 2 distincta desinentibus. Stigma in facie styli scutiforme. Herbce, rarius pubescent c 

'""' ) palmato aut cruriformi, novo ad latus subJlorescentiamjamproducto,unde i 

** Radix palmata. 

O. bracteis flore multo longioribus: petalis 5 conr.iventibus, lateralibus basi valde protuberantibus ; 
labello parum longiore, ver 
dentis, calcare scrotiformi 

O. bracteata. Willd. Sp. PI. v. 4. p. 34. 

Spontenascentemin Pensylvania, legit H. E. Muhleneerg. 

Floret apud nos Maio, Junto. 

"Professor Swartz has shewn great judgment in many of the alterations which he has made in 
Orckidect, but I cannot adopt his arrangement implicitly, because, as Dr. Sims has already remark- 
ed, it often joins plants totally discordant in habit and the structure of their p-niraha; foe instance, 
Serapias Pah ' •' or separates 

such as agree ; v. I 'iridr, L. from Ophry ? Munmrin*, Limodorum Tan- 

Jcervillice from Limodorum Atom, J acq. That In 

Orchis, I have always thought, and am glad to find that Professor Willdenow likewise follows 
Haller respecting them. 

About the genus of our plant accordingly there cannot be a question, for it is so nearly allied to 
Satyrrum Viride, L. as not to be easily distinsuMi ?d the chu-t dirSi i .< . - 1 ! ■ h 
are, 1st, the great length of its bractes : 2dly, the two outside lateral petals are more hunched at 
the bottom ; Sdly, the labellum is scarcely trifid except in the lower flowers, and so refracted as to 
touch the peduncle with its emarginated end ; ithly, the spur i 
nearly obtuse. Professor Willde now describes V ' 
not so in the live plant, neither are the lateral petais, icl,u, ... «*j .«-* ZZZ"**" 

Root palmated with succulent fibres issuing from the base of the young shoot. Leaves irom 3 to 
5, yellow-gnv : «« or two radical, the rest elevated by the pedunc e, 

contracted at the base into a close sheath, from thence oval the upper ones gradually more like 
bractes, very entire, obtuse, smooth, channelled, sharply keeled, somewhat waved, with slender 
longitudinal nerves. Flowers without smell, cernuous. Spike from 2 to 4 inches long, many flower- 
ed, close. Peduncle yellow-green, thickish, erect, simple, angulated, jointed smooth. Pencar- 
pium while young yellowish green, sessile, twisted, oblong, 6-angular. Petals 6: * arched 
into a helmet; 3 outer ones yellow-green, the lateral ones larger and very protuberant at the 
base; 2 inner ones much paler and smaller: Labellum more yellow than the other petals 
with a tinge of brown towards the margin at the base, rather longer, bent back so as to touck 
the peduncle, oblong, emarginated with a rudiment of a middle tooth often quite 
lower flower. ; near the base dilated into 2 melliferous cavities, between which a short pursc-snaped 

spur full of honey hollowish in front and somewhat retase hangs down; its inside rather convex uilr, 
a blunt keel rising opposite the orifice of the spur and running down to its middle smooth, 

fi „,U ,,,,,,.1,,-,. suK AulU-^u,, u 1} b.oad and ,ho,t, puyccting into . i> thick obtuM < ^ 

nthe , fi, T! ntS ° ft rn" 

len Anther velUr.M-h br< v. n with reddish valves, about a line and a half long, hooded, retuse. Cells 

•; ai 1Wnw .,....,.,, s , til S! n. ( ..t-l I :u-,<ui«vN vt-uow ; i bifid at the top, 

" ' ;h cannot be detached while young, but 

wer margin deep chestnut colour, shaped 

t'of arms", umbilicated, very clammy. 

) lateral outer Petals. 3. One of the inner Pe* 
of the Spur cut off. 6. The Labellum and Ge- 
nkalialiighW magnified, 7. section of the young Fruit highly magnified. 



Sheuy Emboihrium. 


Protea?. Juss. Gen. p. "8. 

Sect. ii. Pericarpium post dehiscentiam persistens, 1-2-locularc, 2-20-spermum. 

Petala 4, varic colnvrentia sutuni interiors a pUtillo prcmente magis tissa, decidua. Nectarium ba- 

titna vtl tint n/ >■. /•'/, ,-. * >;,>. „• hit ■ ., ,. s \-rue, iiru- 

tcr majores nunc infra spicam cutnratas, deciduj-. An repefknda species Nova- Hollands .spied rard, 
pctalis omu pc/tato? 

E. foliorum laminis plus minus obovato-cunentis, dentatis, lltbtOJ glaucis : spied late pyramidal! , 
bracteis coloratis invohscrata : petalis dorso cohnercntibus. 

K. ipeciosisstmum. Smith Nae. Holt. I, p. 19. t. j. pulchra, sed pamm fidelis. 

SpontcnascentwnjuxtaPorf /flcfowi, legit D. Burton. 

Floret Octobri,'apud nos Maio. 

The genus Emboihrium was established by Forster from two shrubs of Terra del Furgo, and 

Xc-i L'n/edvnin. Our.'. . \ the native- 111 Xt;c Smith It'alo, W ai-rct-tah, 

but certainlv not 1 I Kceediagly in 

with the above by Dr. J. E. Smith, are alreadv separated In Mr. Hnou s. and named (hailha. 

It is now dowering for the first time in Europe, at SprwgurU, the villa of E. .1. A. Woodford, 
Esq. but neither in his, nor in the various wild specimen- before me, have I been able to find a flower 
with all the petals distinct, as Dr. J. E. .Smith describes and figure* them : what he likewise calls 
" the bach of the flower" is really the front, the style being arched towards the centre of the spike, 
not its circumference. 

An evergreen Shrub 8 or 10 feet high. Stem about 2 inches in diameter mar tin bottom, with a 
rough brown bark, generally simple till it dowers : Hranehe- tew, i-mug immediately under the 
spike, long, erect : green and smooth while young with a slight dew. Leaves alternate, pretty close 
to each other, from 7 to 10 inches long, spreading : Petiole short, thn k< ned at the base, somewhat 
convex on the upper as well as under surface : Lamina varying from 1 to 3 inches in breadth, so as 
to be more or less obovate-wedge-shaped, when narrowest spatula le, from above the middle deeply 
and unequally toothed, ending in a tooth but obtuse and sometimes bitten off, dark green and 
smooth on its upper surface, glaucous with a ilighl fan white young underneath; Nerves many 
and reticulated ; hard and tough. Flowers erect, without smell. Spike terminal, so close as to 
forma broad pyramid. Peduncle from 2 to 2£ inches long, gra elv covered 

with bractes and flowers. Bractes about 10 under the spike, crimson with the top and margins oi the 
outer surface tawny, from 3 to 2 inches long, reclinate, lanceolate, very entire, obtuse, towards the 
top of the inner surface slightly beard, <t with ru>t\ pubescence: one under each pair of flowers, 
crimson, the lower ones an inch and a half long, gradually shorter till only a broad rudiment re- 
mains, in other respects similar to the others; deciduous; bc-id<- the c X mi MBtik gNBOMCeotll 
scales at the very bottom of the peduncle fall off very early. Pedicels crimson, from 6" to 11 lines 
long, recurved-spreading, as the fruit swells bowed quite down, cylindrical and smooth. Petals 
crimson, about 1 nearly to the top except the outer suture which is soon di- 

vided to the base by the style pressing against it, -< ; ' •• the midddle, then a n- 

tracted into an arched neck; at the top ovate-wedge-shaped, very entire, obtuse, the 2 lower ones 
laiher smaller; externalh smooth, internally finely papulose, deciduous without splitting into se- 
parate parts. Filaments dull tawny, about Jd of a line long. obverseU w edge-shaped, flat, smooth. 

<he pistillum, shaped s „,„, r '' ™°™,ng the front of the base of 

lindrieal s„.„: ■ Pencarpum elevated on a thick cy- 

cylindrical and only to be disttngufshed ftTg 3 IsZSTZrl oTt^unf "*," "t *°* 
pronation greatly enlarged, finally the size of one's mddleTn^r, . PP J '' , af ' er ' m - 
splitung on the upper side. Style crimson I™niTL. <■"»*> curved round and smooth, 

before impregnation and cluboed at 2 «o'p,%moo,h 'ffiS'SS 'll , ""? "t P™"?""" 
style, oval, somewhat conycx, finely papp.Le. Seeds fttSfrdS* imbSL:"" * "" 

'^M^ o?an A Wn h he "^ ,* TheS '^ ■— *"* 
b wo v,e«s ol an Anther, magnified. 5. The Fruit with using 







Fragrant Dianthus. 
Ordinem Naturalem et Characterem Generis, vide sub No 

* Flores rare paniculati. 

*** Filament a omnia toro insert a. 

5 ==== = == : 

infra medium calycis : petalorum limbo prof untie multifido, imberbi. 

Caryophyllus sylvestris v, species alia. Clus. Hist. l.p. 284. 

Spontenascentem in Austria, legit C. L. Ecluse. 

Floret apud nos Junto. 

The perfume oi this sp;-cie>, xM^rh is not unlike ilia" of Xarcitsu-, l\.><1icu*, is consl 

antly diffused. 

both day and night. It.,* leave. qu;t< nine. petal «■ 

^ as well as shorter ,t;gmata, and ■ i m;w La (...'unit 

■w<h Vanih's. 

h ■■: in B pot, or t a full ground. 

Stem from -Hi » (m p.i .. >, ,pnte -n.ooth, fna h dotted \\ 

through a microscope. Leaves glaucous, from -;- an nan to about an inch long. \ery 


lowish and more swelled than in some others. Flowers generallj solitary. Bractei 1 

purple, the 4 upper ones shorter and broader, obovate with 

:■ the extremii 

v itself obtuse 

like the leaves. Petals while except the upper parr of the claw winch is tinged wit 

h pale veilow 

green; their limb recurved, divided as far as the middle into many nar. 

• . \nthers ver\ pale purple. Stigmata white, not >o long as in D. Plut 

U and hollow. 

narius. Cap- 

sule long and narrow. 

A Petal detached. 

t \ I 



Two- coloured Salvia. 

Labiatse. Juss. Gen. p. 110. 

Stamina duo fcrtil 

i-fidove, inferiore 

Corolla Tubus supra basin ve„- 
fidum, lacinia media latiore. Flwnicnto itipt- 

til.',;- luterabb'.is m i im infra quos connataet tubum claudentis 
Stylus in ■ ! ■ ; J-lidum. Ilcrba- S,/ir)-u(i 

' %ra,lobat:. tsemtta. Floret plut 

■ ■ . • • ■■ , . ■'. ■ . .-,■...,.■■..■ 

** Herbacece. 
* Calycis labio superiore 2-2-fido. 

S. foliorumlaminis rordafo- Moj. i-. t p j, '.,-,'. nfati . ' i -u i , i u^-i- *-|>i<-is pra-Ion-is, \ 
6-floris: calycis labio superiore 3-dentato : corollas fauce striato, labii inferioris lobo m< 
cato, emarginato, oris mox emarcidis : nlamcntis brcvissime stipitatis. 

S. Bicolor. Desfont. Fl. Atl.p. 22. t. 2. S. Bicolor. Desf. in Fourcr. Journ. 3. 1792. n. 20. 

Sponte nascentem prope Mascar, Tlemsen, inter segetes, legit R. L. Desfontaises. 

Floret prirao vere, apud nos Julio. 

A biennial species from the collection of the Rt. Hon. Lady Holland, and yet rar 
country. , 

Leaves near the root petiolated, gradually more I Petiole pale gi 

round, very hairy, fiattish on the upper part: Lamina fro:.] 3 u> ! :i.< ;h< .> Ionj. 
ropand-dentafe/lmirv especial!) un('i« i-.m»ular. h.ur\, 

veral Ion? branches. Bractes reflected, ova!, lanceolate, d 1 * >'s ciili - ■ i l« 

spike, generally d" in a v. .. . ! 
green, 5 lines long : Upper lip 3-tooiI 

■: ' ; r i. ■ ... -. ■::, ; ; :■ . "' ■= '■ ■ ■ ' " " ■ ' " ~ ' '' ^ ' ' 

tube', ^-lobed-^t'he middle lobe white but s«»in d. . - U '' "k ', t'l'"'/, 

slightly bearded underneath; side lo 

lour, bliiilnU emar^inated at one end. Pollen \\i;ue Nee. 

lowish green. Style wl i oier, ttewiose, no, 

darker violet, its aceolate and nearly equa . 






Olive-leaved Fodahfria. 

ide sab No. 7, ubi dele sessile 


nem Naturalem et Char 
post Pericarpi 

brevioribus : calycc profuude i 


isere bi 

s vide 

P. fol 


is angusti 


seentem prope Stellenbosch, 

legit J. Ni 



apud nos Maio. 


iew species introduced by Messrs. Lee ; 
ast. It is easily distinguished from all \vh 

md Kr.N 
ich i !,av 


tself often so much bent d .wi . nit t ie t .p - - - ited, «iven i 

quite smooth on the upper surface, silky underneath as well a- at the margin : middle Nerve th 
and very evident, lat. il ones s , :c K t< ' d , , i - \< _, laceous. Stipules J. 

serted on the prominent rib of the stem, ab mt 2 lines loi .. disti ict In m ihe petiole, prest to 
stem, silky and soon- changing toa brown tint. ["lowers smell. Spike generally ol a sn 
flower, sometimes however ot two or three. Peduncle shorter than (he H- < s, solitary in the axil 
two or three of the lowest leaves of the young branches. ]>racte fallen oft in all the spi-cimen* I - 
Pedicel short, thicker than the peduncle. Torus obconical, com; res;, externally silky. CaLx \, 
5 lines long, deeply divided, externally pale brown and very silky: its divisions n ut«.wK "<•' 
shaped. Vexillum about 8 lineslong, 10 til • ■ deeply eflMfgiaated, Mac ml 

deeper shade su, ' -■'■ !:i - ■' •""' '■ '• U "^ about J lines lo 

lilac, slightly folded together, smooth : Keel white, much less than the wings, ol two distinct pel 

i Standard. 3. One of the Wings. 4. One of the 

¥ ft f I 



G lobe-jlozvered A dina . 

Rubiaceae. Juss. Gen. p. 196. 

coadunati. Folia opposita.Arborts uut 

e, ab apice dehiscens septo calyce co- 
as. Corolla infundibuhformis, limbo 

losmissimas. Sigma ! ! - n^ioso juxta apicem ses- 

silia, obionga, niarginata Fruttv hwni'is. Folia Gardeniarura, obtuse acuminata, trnella gummosa. 
Stipules -l-jid.r, ha «;i'«> ( ////, <> 1 bate. F in-, capita?/, 1,1 rudi »«•/> ramularum an larihvs termi- 
nate*. Bructca paleacea ad basin Jlorum tingulorum. Receptaculum pilowm. Nomena voce *h»o<; con- 

A. foliorum laminis lanceolatis, glabris : stipulis patulis : pedunculis minute pubesccntibus. 

Sponte nascentem juxta IVampu, legil J. Robertson. 

Floret apud nos Julio, Augusto. 

This shrub came up in the earth of some plants sent from Canton to the Rt. Hon. Charles 
Greville. Specimens in .ruit are preserved in Sir Joseph Banks's Herbarium, which -hew that 
it constitutes a 'ithus and Nauclea. In the former, the Stipules are 

wedge-shaped, and irregularly jagged with black callous points : the fruit is 2-locular, (for the 4-lo- 
cular fruits described by Gartner are only two grown together) with a 2-lamellar dissepiment, and 
solitary seed in each cell. In all the Naucleas I have examined, the stipules are entire, and more or 

as in the genus now figured. 

Stem or our Plant about 2 feet high, erect, round : Branches opposite, spreading : towards the top 
yellowish gree:, ^ <>bi<mg spot-, very minuteU downy. Leaves opposite : Petiole 

yellowish green, a line and a half long, spreading, half round, somewhat channelled, underneath and 
still more evidently -it the margin minutely downs : Lamina from 2 to 3 inches long, yellowish 
green, more yellow underneath, very spreading, or horizontal, broad-lanceolate, quite entire, ob- 
tu-elv acuminatid, smooth on both surfaces and gummy while young, each pair before they expand 
comfuplicatc, one often smaller than that opposite: Nerves prominent on both surfaces and tinged 
with brown while younc St ules y.-l m^Ii green w iv, v, 1 ed spots as to appear quite 

red at first sigh., ibout 2 lines long, divided to below the middle, each segment sharply ear- 
shaped, spreading, beawli d at bottom of tli nside with 1 < s bris .-, elsewhere smooth 
and gummy while young, soon falling off. Flowers erect, terminal on little short axillary branches. 
Head round, about 4 lines in diameter exclusive of the styles. Peduncle yellowish green, slender, 
cylind ical, minutel) pubescent. Receptacle hairy besides along 1 arrow . . -.:\ Bracte at the base 
of each flower. Pericarpium before impregnation | of a line long, \ellowish green, obconical, 
slightly pubescent. 2-lucular w ith irom 2 to 3 seeds in each cell: when ripe pale brown with a blackish 
top, about 1 line long. Calyx yellow, deeply divided into 4 or 5 segments somewhat wedge-shaped 
but'obtuse, exter :,aii\ rerj minutely pubescent especially towards the top: between one or two of 
t: ie segments there is often a tooth. Corolla very pale yellow, about a line and a halt long, funnel- 
shaped : Limudi\K! d to the middle n.t - 4 m .') > S wading wed^e-,: aped v JU , !lt , s JUO oth on both 

arched with the convex side turn ! im irds so as ne rl) to till t ,< < mt> th- n nth, awl-haped, 
smooth. Anthers pale yellow, about as long as toe filaments, spreading, somewhat sagittate, baring 

all discharged their Pollen when I saw them. Pollen pale yellow. Style pale yellow, 3 lines and a 
half long, erect, filiform, smooth. Stigma pale yellow, top-shaped, smooth, above the middle finely 
papulose. Seeds brown, bearded with ajagged na u -~- 

ngle Flower and Bracte. 2. Corollaspread open and magnified. 3. Inside view of a Stipule, 
'he Fruit crowned with the persistent calyx. 5. The same splitting into 4 valves. 6. The 
Ul * the dissepiment after the valves are fallen off, magnified. 



Large-flowered Leucadendrwn. 

Protea?. Juss. Gen. p. 78. 

Sect. i. Pericarpium deciduum, 1-loculare, 1-spermum, clausum. 

Petala plus minus cohserentia in labium unum vel duo, altero angusto. Pericarpium vwBirieosaa 

cu K i a poraai i , basi barbatum. Stigma obliquum, clavatmn rim.'i 

/■.-.■/.,. , , ■ . ■ 

paucis gemmacis, involucro majorum nullo, rigidx. Hue Protea Conocarpa L. Totta L. Pubera L. 

L. foliis 3-GHneas latis, lf-2| pollices longis, lineari-lanceolatis, apice 3-4-dentatis, paucis inte^er- 
rimis, utrinquepubescentibus: capitulo grandi : pctalis omnibus apice cohserentibus: stylo crasso 

2 £-3 pollices longo. 

Sponte nascentem prope False Bay, jugis montium, legit J. Nevix. 

Floret apud nos Junta. 

From the collection of George Hiebert, Esq. where it has flowered, and ripened seeds, for se- 
veral years. Wild specimens are preserve I . . t h- /;.. >k <n Herbarium for Protea Convcirjm, bur 
that species ha- much lai . -, whit h it has n, »er \et ro nn k: 

Stem 5 feet hi 

gh, SI 

iff but more slender i 

and wit 

h longer branches 

than Protea Conoca 

very hairy. Lea 

L vts grey, from 3 to 6 lin< 

2S broad, 1-| to 2) irn he> 

long, sessile, linear 

generally with 

re, pubescent on bo 


wn. Flowers in t< 

meter. Peduncl< 

h gemmaceous sea 


grey, quite hidden by 

the corollas rolling 1 

jack, t 


at the base jellowish 


from t hence gradu 

illy gold colour with 

externally ash ( 

rowest ot which 


■ lower part of a singl 

i; petal 

, at the top all unit! 

n them 

, externally very h 

, ripe 

> like p rchment i 

ncurved, gradually a 

what oblique, 8-angui 

ar from the impressii 

!. wl 

the g, 

•ains of Pollen are ii 


04 i 

ends, smooth. 


A Young Flower. 2. A Flower expanded. 3. Stigma magnif 



Neat Hookera. 
Ordinem Naturalem, Characterem Generis necnon Speciei vide sub No. 9S. 

1, legit A. Menzies. 

Floret apud nos Maio. 

This plant is the second of those two reported by Dr. J. E. Smith in his Introduction to Botany 
to have « beautiful liliaceous jftowers Uh ■ , . /,, ,;,/,,.- .s stran cr e an 

anomaly in a monocotyledonous genus immediately led me to doubt that lecturer's accuracy 
and upon carefully examining the specimens in Sir Joseph Banks's Herbarium, I found this doubt 
not only confirmed, but that one of them had actually flowered at Mill Hill the preceding June. 
when I described and named it Hookera, after the botanic painter of this work, I 
March last, a figure of that species was published. 

When Dr. J E. Smith came to London in May following, at a meeting of the Linnean Society, 

he read the generic character of a Moss, which he thought proper to name Hool.i ; ./. after an exc< !- 

lent cryptogamist, and at a subsequent meeting he read his own -em-ru chaiach i . . m\ llnmer.,, 

irawings given to him by Mr. Menzies, naming it Urodha, al'u-i 

one of his patrons. Notwithstanding what he then said respecting the affinity of these two plan;,, 

1 several of the membe rs p which we; 

ecuaieiy excit 1 *— ' 

, „ blished a simi 

hichDr. J. 

ance which of these names is adopt: 

right, they will be confirmed in spite of all Dr. J. E Smith 
justice to me whether open or concealed, I sincerely forgivi 

In the Hookera Pukhella now figured, which flowered last May in the collection o 
Williams. Esq. at Mill Hill, a specimen of which was examined both by Sir Joseph B 
Dryander, and Mr. Brown, the flowers are 6-androus ; but as the tltenwte lilamei 
species are deeply emarginated, and their anthers drop off by the time that the corolla is i 
expanded, I suppose Mr. Menzies has only seen and figured them in that state, and th 
J. E. Smith into the double erroi of des< ribing the genus as purely 3-androus, and th 

1 being uncomnr 
plants allied to this, especial ' in / -n and Oniif/i,>ir«!u>n. I believe it will be met w 
■--'onging to the Order of Asparagi. The genus to which, in my opinion, Hookera is 

some belonging to the Order ot Asparagi. The genus to v 
mediately allied is the Onnlho-ahim : -valve of Linne, a 

, and figured in the 1037th plate of the Botanical Magazine, but there en -oneou-dy 
referred by Mr. Ker (late Gawler) to Allium Striatum. 

Root pale brown, like that ol SatcissU', I'r.a/idrus. Leaves similar to those of Hookera Coronaria, 
except that they are longer and rather broader. Flowers from 6 to 11 in a fasciculus, succeeding 
each other slowly, so that the first blown flower was in fruit before the last opened, nearly without 
smell. Peduncle longer than the leaves, erect, round, smooth, very finely striated. Outer Bractes 
broad, withering soon: innei Bractes w ; ;-.< . . -borer. 1 vdicels given, 

very short, round, smooth. Corolla blue like out li<trj>rll*, from S to (>' lines m length : 1 ube some- 
what pitclu Limb shorter than the tube,divided to the base : 
divisions recurved, ^emi-lanceolatc, very entire, the claw at the top of the 3 outer ones not so con- 
spicuous as in the other species. Filaments white ; those 3 which are opposite to the outer divisions 
of the limb, considerably longer and deeply emarginated. Anthers long and narrow. Torus abun- 
danti) (Belli reaching to the middle of the higher 
antlers. Stigma 3-lobed, but its lobes scarcely recurved. 


2. Pistillum. 3. Transverse section of the young Fruit magnified. 




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W. T. Edwards, M.D. Rue Louis-le-Grand 

No. 26, Paris. 
Sir Philip de Malpas Grey Egerton, Bart. 

F.G.S. Oulton-park, Cheshire, 
George, Earl of Egremont, F.S.A. 4 Grosve- 

nor-place; Petworth, Sussex; Brighton; 

Cockermouth-castle, Cumberland; and Or- 
chard Wyndham, Taunton. 
John, Earl of Eldon, D.C.L. F.S.A. 1 Ha- 

milton-place ; and Encombe, Corfe-castle, 

Sir William Elford, Bart. F.L.S. The Priory, 

Totnes, Devonshire. 
Sir William Francis Eliott, Bart. Brickham, 

John Elliotson, M.D. Coll. Reg. Med. Socius. 

37 Conduit-street. 
John Ellis, Esq. F.L.S. Baker-street. 
Henry Ellis, Esq. B.C.L. Sec. S.A. Principal 

Librarian of the British Museum. British 

Museum ; and Tottenham, Middlesex. 
Henry Ellis, Esq. F.G.S. 59 Welbeck-street. 
Bowyer Edward Sparke, Lord Bishop of 

Ely. F.S.A. 37 Dover-street; and The Palace, 

Ely, Cambridgeshire. 
Captain George Everest, Bengal Artillery. 

F.G.S. F.R.A.S. M.R.A.S. India. 

Michael Faraday, Esq. M.R.I.A. F.G.S. In- 
stit. Reg. Sc. Paris. Corresp.—Soc. Georg. 
Florent., et Soc. Philom. Paris., Socius. 
Royal Institution, Albemarle-street. 

Charles, Lord Farnborough, G.C.B. Trust. 
Brit. Mus. F.S.A. F.L.S. M.R.S.L. White- 
hall-gardens ; and Bromley-hill, Kent. 


Sir James Fellovves, Knt. M.D. Coll. Reg. 

Med.Socius. Army Medical Board. ] John Gage, Esq. F.S. A. F.L.S. 10 Old- 

Robert Ferguson, Esq. F.R.S.E. F.G.S. \ Lincoln's-inn. 

18 Portman-square ; and Raith, Kirkaldy, 

Rev. George Fisher, M.A. F.R.A.S. 
William Henry Fitton, M.D. F.L.S, F.G.S. 

F.R.A.S. Coll. Reg. Med. Socius. 53 Lpp.r 

Harley-street ; and Highwood-hili, Hendon, 

William Vesey, Lord Fitzgerald and Vesey, 

M.R.I.A. New-street, Spring-gardens. 
Rev. Henry Fly, D.D. F.S.A. Stable-yard, 

St. James's-palace. 
John Forbes, M.D. Chichester. 
William Nairn Forbes, Esq. F.G.S, 
Rev. Josiah Forshall, M.A. F.S.A. M.R.S.L. 

British Museum. 
Edward Forster, Esq. V.P.L.S. 1 1 Mansion- 
house-street; and Hale End, Essex. 
Richard Fowler, M.D. F.S.A. Salisbury. 
James Franck, M.D. F.G.S. Coll. Reg. Med. 

Socius. 26 Hertford-street. 
Captain James Franklin, F.G.S. M.R.A.S. 

Sir John Franklin, Knt. Captain in the Royal 
Navy, Hon. D.C.L. F.G.S. F.R.A.S. Soc. 
Geog. Paris. Corresp. H. M. S. Rainbow, 

Sir William Franklin, Knt. M.D. 44 Devon- 
shire-street, Portland-place. 

William Franks, Esq. M.A. Wood-hill, 
Hatfield, Hertfordshire. 

Colonel Sir Augustus Simon Frazer, K.C.B., 
Royal Artillery. Royal Arsenal, Woolwich. 

Cypriano Ribeiro Freire, Knight of St. Iago 
and of Christ. F.S.A. Acad. Reg. Sc. Olys- 

Matthew Curling Friend, Esq. Lieutenant in 
the Royal Navy. Hobart Town, Van Die- 
men's Land. 



Samuel Galton, Esq. F.L.S. F.G.S. Dudson- 
house, near Birmingham. 

Rev. Samuel John Gardiner, M.A. 

Right Hon. Sir William Garrow, Knt. 
27 Great George-street, Westminster; and 
Pegwell-cottage, Ramsgate. 

George, Lord Garvagh, F.S.A. 26 Portman- 
square; and Garvagh, Londonderry. 

Sir William Gell, Knt. RS.A. Acad. Reg. 
Sc. Berol. Socius Honor. Rome. 

Sir George Smith Gibbes, Knt. M.D. F.L.S. 
Coll. Reg. Med. Socius. Bath. 

Davies Gilbert, Esq. M.A.— Vice President. 
—Hon. M.R.S.E. Hon. M.R.I. A. F.S.A. 
F.L.S. V.P.G.S. F.R.A.S.— President of 
the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall. 
45 Bridge-street, Westminster ; East Bourn, 
Sussex ; and Tredrea, Penzance, Cornwall. 

John Gillies, LL.D. F.R.S.E. F.S.A. Instil. 
Reg. Sc. Paris., et Acad. Reg. Sc. Got (in., 
Con-esp. 9 Upper Seymour-street. 

George, Earl of Glasgow, G.C.H. F.S.A. 
Camden-hill, Kensington ; Hawkhead, Ren- 
frewshire ; and Kilburn-house, Ayrshire. 

James Murray, Lord Glenlyon, K.C.H. 

John Frederick, Viscount Goderich. 1 Carl- 
ton-gardens ; Nocton, Sleaford, Lincolnshire ; 
and Putney-heath, Surrey. 

John Goldingham, Esq. F.R.A.S. M.R.A.S. 
Knighton, Radnorshire ; and Worcester. 

Isaac Lyon Goldsmid, Esq. F.S.A. F.L.S. 
F.G.S. F.R.A.S. M.R.S.L. Dulwich-hill- 
houso, Camberwell. 

Benjamin Gompertz, Esq F.R.A.S. Kenning- 
ton-terrace, Vauxhall. 

Rev. Edmund Goodenough, D.D. The 
Deanery, Wells. 

Lieut. General Sir James Willoughby Gor- 
don, Bart. K.C.B. G.C.H. 50 Devonshire- 
street, Portland-place. 

Thomas Gordon, Esq. Cairness, N. B. 

|| Henry Percy Gordon, Esq. M.A. St. Peter's- 
I college, Cambridge. 
Right Hon. Henry Goulburn. 1 Upper Berke- 

Right Hon. Charles Grant, LL.D. M.R.S.L. 
11 Great George-street, Westminster; and 
Glenelge, Inverness. 

Lewis Alexander Grant, Esq. 

Augustus Bozzi Granville, M.D. F.L.S. 
F.G.S. M.R.A.S. Acad. Reg. Sc. Brux., 
et Soc. Med.-Chir. Berol, Socius.— Acadd. 
Med. et Chir. Petrop., et Reg. Med.Madrit., 
Socius Honor. — Acad. Reg. Sc. Taurin. : 
Acadd. Luc, et Patav. : Socc. Georg. Flo- 
rent., Ital. Vienn., Sc. Nat. Neap., Allien. 
Fen., Philomath, ac Philotechn. Paris., 
Socius. — Acad. Imp. Sc. Petrop. Corresp. — 
Facult. Med. Paris. Sodalis. 16 Grafton- 
street, Bond-street; and Rosemont, Great 
Missenden, Buckinghamshire. 

Francis, Lord Gray. Kinfauns Castle, Perth. 

Richard Wilson Greatheed, Esq. 24 Not- 
tingham-street, Mary-le-bone. 

Joseph Henry Green, Esq. F.G.S. Professor 
of Surgery, King's-college, London. 46 Lin- 

George Bellas Greenough, Esq. F.L.S. F.G.S. 
M.R.A.S. Park-road, Regent's-park. 

Richard Gregory, Esq. F.S.A. 56 Berners- 

William Wyndham, Lord Grenville, D.C.L. 
Chancellor of the University of Oxford ; 
Trust. Brit. Mm. F.S.A. F.G.S. Dropmore- 
lodge, Buckinghamshire; and Boconnoc, Corn- 
Rev. Richard Greswell, M.A. Worcester- 

|| college, Oxford. 

j| SirThomasGrey,Knt. M.D. F.L.S. Ramsgate. 

| John Griffiths, Esq. 

I Stephen Groornbridge, Esq. F.R.A.S. Black- 

I heath. 



Captain John Grover. X% Egremont-place, 

Josiah John Guest, Esq. F.G.S. Dowlais Iron 

Works, Glamorganshire. 
John Lewis Guillemard, Esq. M.A. F.L.S. 

F.G.S. M.R.A.S. Soc. Amer. Philad. Socius. 

27 Gower-street; and Clavering, Essex. 
Hudson Gurney, Esq. V.P.S.A. M.R.S.L. 

9 St. James's-square ; and Keswick-hall, near 

George James Guthrie, Esq. 2 Berkeley- 
street, Piccadilly. 

Rev. John Hailstone, M.A. F.L.S. F.G.S. 

Trumpington, Cambridgeshire. 

Sir Henry Halford, Bart. G.C.H. Trust. 
Brit. Mus. F.S.A.— President of the Royal 
Collegeof Physicians. 1 6 Curzon-street ; and 
Wistow-hall, near Market-Harborough. 

Basil Hall, Esq. Captain in the Royal Navy, 
Hon. D.C.L. FR.S.E. F.G.S. F.R.A.S. 
M.R.A.S. 4 St. James's-place ; and Putney. 

Sir James Hall, Bart. F.R.S.E. Dunglass, 
Dunbar, Haddingtonshire. 

John Hall, Esq. F.R.S.E. F.G.S. Dunglass, 
Dunbar, Haddingtonshire. 

Thomas Henry Hall, Esq. M.A. 45 Guil- 

Henry Hallam, Esq. M.A. V.P.S.A. F.G.S. 
M.R.S.L. 67 Wimpole-street. 

Alexander, Duke of Hamilton, F.S.A. Hamil- 
ton-house, Lanarkshire; Kinniel, Linlithgow- 
shire ; and Ashton-hall, Lancashire. 

Rev. Henry Parr Hamilton, M.A. F.R.S.E. 
FG.S.F.R.A.S. Trinity-college, Cambridge. 
Rev. Robert Hamilton, D.D. F.S.A. 22 Ken- 

William Richard Hamilton, Esq. V.P.S.A. 
M.R.S.L. Acad. Reg. Sc. Bert*. Socius 
Honor. 22 Grafton-street, Bond-street. 

Sir Thomas Hanmer, Bart. Hanmcr-hall. 

Rev. William Venables Vernon Harcourt 

M.A. F.G.S. Wheldrake, near York. 
Philip, Earl of Hardwicke, K.G. LL.D. 

Trust. Brit. Mus. F.S.A. F.G.S. I St 

James's-square ; "Wimpole-hall, near Arring- 

ton, Cambridgeshire; and Tittenhanger-hall, 

Major General Thomas Hardwicke, M.R.I. A. 

F.L.S. M.R.A.S. The Lodge,South Lambeth. 
Francis George Hare, Esq. 
John Scandret Harford, Esq. LL.D. 38 Con- 
William Snow Harris, Esq. Plymouth. 
Sir George Harrison, Knt. K.C.H. F.S.A. 

4 Spiiug-garden-terrace. 

'illiam Harrison, Esq. F.S.A. F.L.S. F.G.S. 

F.R.A.S. 45 Lincoln's-inn-fields; and Ches- 

hunt, Hertfordshire. 
George Harvey, Esq. F.R.S.E. F.L.S. F.G.S. 

F.R.A.S. Plymouth. 
Henry Harvey, Esq. Streatham-hill, Surrey. 
John Harwood, M.D. F.L.S. Professor of 

Natural History, Royal Institution. St. 

Leonard's, Hastings. 
Rev. Henry Hasted, M.A. F.L.S. Bury, 

CharlesHatchett,Esq. F.R.S.E. F.S.A. F.L.S. 

Instit. Reg. Sc. Paris. Corresp.—Acad. Reg. 

Sc. Monach., et Soc. (Econ. Petrop., Socius. 

Belle- Vue-house, Chelsea; and BullingtOD, 

Graves Chamney Haughton, Esq. M.A. 

M.R.A.S. 28 Dorset- square. 
Edward Hawkins, Esq. F.S.A. F.L.S. British 

John Hawkins, Esq. Quay-house, Devonshire. 
John Hawkins, Esq. Bignor-park, Petworth, 

John Hey wood Hawkins, Esq. M.A. l.G.S. 



8 Suffolk-street; and Bignor-park, Petworth, 

Alexander Hay, M.D. 

Robert William Hay, Esq. F.S.A. 21 Queen. 
street, May Fair. 

George Crauford Heath, Esq. Cambridge. 

William Heberden, M.D. Coll. Reg. Med. 
Socius. 30 Pall-mall. 

James Henderson, Esq. Boulogne. 

Henry Hennell, Esq. Apothecaries'-hall, 
Bridge-street, Blackfriars. 

W T illiam Henry, M.D. F.G.S. Manchester. 

George Isaac Huntingford, Lord Bishop of 
Hereford. Hereford-palace ; and Winchester- 
college, Hampshire. 

Sir John Frederick William Herschel, Knt. 
K.H. M.A. F.R.S.E. M.R.I.A. F.G.S. 
V.P.R.A.S. M.C.P.S. Inst. Reg. Sc. Paris. 
Corresp. — Acadd. Imp. Sc. Petrop., et Reg. 
Sc. Brux. : Socc. Reg. Sc. Hafn., et Neap. : 
Acadd. Lyric. Roma, Gioen. Catan., et 
Divion. ex intim. : Socc. Philomath. Paris., 
Ital. Mut., Helvet., Socius.— Soc. Reg. Sc. 
Gottin. Corresp. Slough, near Colnbrook, 

George Hibbert, Esq. F.S.A. F.L.S. 3 Wey- 

Rev. John Philips Higman, M.A. F.G.S. 
F.R.A.S. Trinity-college, Cambridge. 

Philip Hills, Esq. F.S.A. 

Charles Hoare, Esq. F.S.A. 37 Fleet-street. 

Henry Hugh Hoare, Esq. F.S.A. 7 York- 
street, St. James's ; Barnes, Surrey ; and Wan- 
don, near Woburn. 

Sir Richard Colt Hoare, Bart. F.S.A. F.L.S. 
Stourhead, Wiltshire. 

Right Hon. Sir John Cam Hobhouse, Bart. 
M.A. 42 Berkeley-square ; Chantry-house, 
Wiltshire; and Westbury-cottage, Gloucester- 


\yn,Esq. F.L.S. 125Sloane-street. 

Joseph Hodgson, Esq. Crescent, Birmingham. 
Robert Hodgson, D.D. Dean of Carlisle, 

F.G.S. 15 Grosvenor-street; and Hilling- 
don, Uxbridge. 
Robert Holford, Esq. 1 Lincoln's-inn-fields; 

Kingsgate, Kent; West Cliff, Isle of Wight; 

and Oatlands, Maresfield, Sussex. 
Henry Richard Vassall, Lord Holland, F.S.A. 

30 Old Burlington-street ; Holland-house, 

Kensington ; and Ampthill-park, Bedfordshire. 
Henry Holland, M.D. F.L.S. F.G.S. Coll. 

Reg. Med. Socius. 25 Brook-street. 
James Holman, Esq. Lieutenant in the Royal 

Navy, K.W. F.L.S. New South Wales. 
Sir Everard Home, Bart. — Sergeant Surgeon 

to the King, Surgeon to Chelsea Hospital, 

Honorary Professor to the Royal College of 

Surgeons. F.S.A. F.L.S. Instit. Reg. Sc. 

Paris. Corresp. — Soc. Reg. Sc. Gottin. : 

Socc. Nat. Scrutat. BeroL, et Phys. Med. 

Frlang., Socius. Royal Hospital, Chelsea. 
Everard Home, Esq. Commander in the 

Royal Navy, F.S.A . Royal Hospital, Chelsea. 
William Jackson Hooker, LL.D. Regius 

Professor of Botany, Glasgow; F.S.A. 

F.L.S. F.G.S. Acad.Cces. Nat. Cur. Socius. 

Thomas Charles Hope, M.D. Professor of 

Chemistry, Edinburgh; V. P.R.S.E. F.L.S. 

Leonard Horner, Esq. FR.S.E. V.P.G.S. 

Soc. Batav. Sc. Harlem. Socius. 606 Sand 

Koule, Bonn, Prussia. 
James Horsburgh, Esq. F.R.A.S. East India- 
house; and Herne-hill, Surrey. 
Thomas Horsfield, M.D. F.L.S. F.G.S. 

M.R.A.S. 2 Raymond-buildings, Gray's-inn. 
Right Hon. Sir Robert JohnWilmot Horton, 

Knt. G.C.H. M.A. Ceylon. 
David Hosack,M.D. F.R.S.E. F.L.S. New 




Hon. Colonel Fulk Greville Howard, F.S.A. 
16 Grosvenor-square ; Ashtead-park, Epsom; 
Castle Rising, Norfolk; Elford, Lichfield; 
and Levens, Milnihorpt 1 , \\ < -tmoreland. 

Luke Howard, Esq. 

Sir Abraham Hume, Bart. F.S.A, F.L.S. 
F.G.S. M.R.A.S. 31 Hill-street, Berkeley- 
square; and Wormleybury, Waltham-cross, 

Joseph Hume, Esq. 6 Bryanstone-square. 

Rev. George Hunt, M.A. F.S.A. Egg Buck- 
land, Plymouth. 

Rev. James Devereux Hustler, B.D. Euston 
Rectory, near Thetford, Norfolk. 

Captain George Henry Hutchinson. Bengal. 

Alexander Copland Hutchison, Esq. F.R.S.E. 
3 Duchess-street, Portland-place. 

Sir Robert Harry Inglis, Bart. LL.D. F.S.A. I 

F.R.A.S. 1 1 Manchester-buildings ; and 

Battersea-Rise, Clapham. 
James Ivory, Esq. K.H. M.A. Instit.'Reg. 

Sc. Paris., et Soc. Reg. Sc. Gottin., Corresp. 

20 Southampton-street, Pentonyille. 

William Jacob, Esq. 3 1 Cadogan-place, Sloane- 

Robert Jameson, Esq. Regius Professor of 
Natural History, Edinburgh; F.R.S.E. 
Hon. M.R.I.A. F.L.S. F.G.S. Acad. Reg.Sc. 
Neap, t Socc. Reg. Sc. Dan., Imp. Hist. Nat. 
Mosc, Hist. Nat. Veter., et Paris., Philom. 
Paris., Amer. Philad., Phil, et Hist. Nav.- 
Ebor., Socius.—Acad. Reg. Sc. Berol. Cor- 
resp. Edinburgh. 

Joseph Jekyll, Esq. M.A. F.S.A. 23 New- 
street, Spring-gardens. 

Rev. Philip Jennings, D.D. Pond-street, 

James Rawlins Johnson, M.D. F.L.S. 
24 Coleshill-street, Pimlico ; and Bath. 

Sir Alexander Johnston, Knt. F.S.A. F.L.S. 

19 Great Cumberland-place; and York-house, 

John Johnstone, M.D. Coll. Reg. Med. Socitis. 

Captain Henry Kater, M.R.I.A. M.R.A.S. 
Instit. Reg. Sc. Paris. Corresp.— Acad. Reg. 
Sc. Holm., Soc. Reg. Sc. Dan., Soc. Art. et Sc. 
Ultraj., Socius. 1 2 York-gate, Regent's-park. 

Henry Bellenden Ker, Esq. 27 Park-road, 
Regent's-park ; and Swiss-cottage, Cheshunt, 

John Kidd, M.D. Regius Professor of Me- 
dicine, and Aid rich's Professor of Ana- 
tomy, Oxford; F.G.S. Coll. Reg. Med. 
Socius. Oxford. 

Philip Parker King, Esq. Captain in the 
Royal Navy, F.L.S. 72 New Bond-street. 

Rev. William Kirby, M.A. F.L.S. F.G.S. 
Acad. Cccs. Nat. Cur. : Soc. Nat. Scrutat. 
Berol., Socius. Barham, near Ipswich. 

James Lewis Knight, Esq. F.S.A. 1 Old- 
square, Lincoln's-inn ; and Highwood-hill, 
Hendon, Middlesex. 

Thomas Andrew Knight, Esq. Trust. Brit. 
Mus. F.L.S.— President of the Horticul- 
tural Society. Downton, near Ludlow, Here- 

Francis Charles Knowles, Esq. M.A. F.R.A.S. 
Old Windsor, Berkshire. 

John Knowles, Esq. 4 Osnaburgh-street. 

Charles Konig,Esq. K.H.— Foreign Secre- 
TARY ._ F.L.S. Acad. Reg. Sc. Monach. 
Socius.—Acad. Imp. Sc. Petrop., ct Soc. Reg. 
Gotting., Corresp.— Soc. Hist. Nat. Mosc. 
Socius.— Soc. Veterav. Sodalis. British Mu- 

Aylmer Bourke Lambert, Esq.Hon.M.RJ.A. 
F.S.A. V.P.L.S. F.G.S. Acadd. Cccs. Nat. 

i t 


Cur., Reg. Sc.Madrit., et Soc. Bot. Ratisb., 
Socius. 26 Grosvenor-street ; and Boyton- 
house, Wiltshire. 

Henry, Marquess of Lansdowne, D.C.L. 
Trust. Brit. Mus. M.R.S.L.— President of 
the Zoological Society. 54 Berkeley-square ; 
and Bowood-park, Wiltshire. 

Rev. Dionysius Lardner, LL.D. F.R.S.E. 
M.R.I.A. Hon. M.C.P.S. 121 Regent- 
John Latham, M.D. F.S.A. F.L.S. Coll. Reg. 
Med. Socius. Brad wall. hall, Cheshire. 

John Latham, M.D. F.S.A. F.L.S. Acad. 
Cces. Nat. Cur., et Soc. Nat. Scrutat. Berol. t 
Socius. Winchester. 

William Lawrence, Esq. 18 Whitehall-place. 

Rev. William Lax, M.A. Lowndes Professor 
of Astronomy and Geometry, Cambridge. 
Hitchin, Hertfordshire. 

William Elford Leach, M.D. F.L.S. Acad. 
Ctes. Nat. Cur. Socius.— Acad. Reg. Sc. 
Taurin. Corresp. 

Lieut. Colonel William Martin Leake, 
M.R.S.L. Acad. Reg. Sc. Berol. Socius 
Honor. 26 Nottingham-place. 

John Lee, LL.D.— Treas. R.A.S. 5 Col- 
lege, Doctors'-commons; and Hartwell-house, 
near Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire. 

Robert Lee, M.D. 14 Golden-square. 

JohnGeorge Shaw Lefevre,Esq.M.A. 7 Fleet- 
street ; and Battersea, Surrey. 

Thomas Legh, Esq. D.C.L. 3 Cumberland- 
street; Lyme-park, Cheshire; and Heydock- 
lodge, Lancashire. 

Sir Charles Lemon, Bart. 37 Sackville-street; 
and Carclew, near Falmouth, Cornwall. 

John Jebb, Lord Bishop of Limerick, 
M.R.S.L. Limerick. 

John Kaye, Lord Bishop of Lincoln. Cam- 
bridge; and Buckden-palace, Huntingdonshire. 

John Lindley, Esq. F.L.S. F.G.S. Acad. 

Ca?s. Nat. Cur. : Socc. Reg. Bot. Ratisb., 

et Physiog. Lund., Socius.— Soc. Linn. 

Paris. Corresp. Acton-green, Middlesex. 
John Liptrap, Esq. F.S.A. Whitechapel. 
Edward Lloyd, Esq. Captain in the Royal 

John Augustus Lloyd, Esq. Mauritius. 
Edward Hawke Locker, Esq. F.S.A. Green- 



nt Lowther, F.S.A. 14 (A) 
Albany ; and 5 Cleveland-row. 

Sir John William Lubbock, Bart. F.L.S. 
F.G.S. F.R.A.S. 23 St. James's-place. 

John William Lubbock, Esq. M.A.— Vice- 
President and Treasurer, F.R.A.S. 
23 St. James's-place. 

Rev. Francis Lunn, B.A. Chesterford. 

Edmund Henry Lushington, Esq. M.A. 

Charles Lyeli, jun. Esq. M.A. F.L.S. For. Sec. 
G.S. Professor of Geology, King's-col- 
lege, London. 2 Raymond-buildings, Gray 's- 

John Singleton, Lord Lyndhurst, M.A. 
6 Hyde-park-terrace ; and Wimbledon-com- 

George Francis Lyon, Esq. Captain in the 
Royal Navy, Hon. D.C.L. 19 Beaumont- 
Rev. Daniel Lysons, M.A. F.S.A. F.L.S. 

Rodmarton, Cirencester. 

James Macartney, M.D. Professor of Ana- 
tomy, Trinity-college, Dublin; F.L.S. 

Zachary Macaulay, Esq. 44 Bernard-street, 

George,EarlofMacclesfield,F. J R.^t.5'. 9 Con- 
duit-street ; Sherborne-castle, Oxfordshire ; 
and Buckfastleigh, Devonshire. 

John MacCulloch, M.D. F.L.S. 

Sir James MacGrigor, Bart. F.R.S.E. Coll. 


Reg. Med. Socius. Camden-hill, Kensing- 

Charles Macintosh, Esq. 
Charles Mackenzie, Esq. F.L.S. 

• Kmi;:. 

SirGeorge Stewart Mackenzie, Bart. F.jR.S.E. 

Coul, Ross-shire. 
Rev. John William Mackie, M.A. 23 Glou. 

cester-place, New-road. 
William Alexander Mackinnon, Esq. M.A. 

F.S.J. F.G.S. 4 Hyde-park-place; and 

Ports wood- house, near Southampton. 
Right Hon. Sir James Mackintosh, Knt. 

F.R.S.E. M.R.S.L. 15Langham-place;and 

Madderley, Ware. 
Alexander MacLeay, Esq. F.L.S. Acad. Reg. 

Sc. Holm. Socius.— Acad. Reg. Sc. Taurin. 

Corresp. Sydney, New South Wales. 
William Macmichael, M.D. F.L.S. Coll. 

Reg. Med. Socius. 26 Half-moon-street. 
Rev. John Maddy, D.D. F.S.A. F.R.A.S. 

14 Argyll-street; and Somerton, Bury St. 


James Hey wood Markland, Esq. F.S.J. 

Frederick Marryatt, Esq. Captain in the 

Royal Navy. F.L.S. Wimbledon. 
William Marsden, Esq. LL.D. M.R.I. A. 
F.S.J. M.R.J.S. Soc. Phil. Nov.-Ebor. 
Socius. 50 Queen Anne-street ; and Edge- 
grove, near Watford, Hertfordshire. 
Thomas James Mathias, Esq. F.S.A. Naples. 
William George Maton, M.D.— Vice-Presi- 
dent.— F.S.J. V.P.L.S. Coll. Reg. Med. 
Socius.— Jcad. Reg. Sc. Holm., et Soc. Med. 
Sttcc., Socius. 7 New-strcit, >;>riiig-gardens. 
! John Maxwell, Esq. Pollock, Renfrew^iir. ►. 
Sir George Magrath, Knt. M.D. M.R.I. J. li John Thomas Mayne, Esq. F.S.A. Soc. Phil. 

F.L.S. Plymouth. I Neap. Socius. Teffont-house, Wiltshire. 

PhilipHenry, Viscount Mahon, B.A. 12 Albe- 1 Rev. Charles Mayo, B.D. F.S.A. Colesgrove, 

marle-street ; and Chevening, Kent. I near Cheshunt, Hertfordshire. 

Ebenezer Fuller Maitland, Esq. F.S.J. 3Bry- |[ Herbert Mayo, Esq. Professor of Anatomy, 
anstone-square ; and Park-place, Henl 
Thames, Oxfordshire. 


I Captain George William Manby. Yarmouth. 

James Mangles, Esq. Captain in the Royal 
Navy. 41 York Chambers, St. James's-street. 

William, Earl of Mansfield, F.S.A. 50 Port- 
land-place ; Caen Wood, Middlesex : Soon, - 
palace, Perth ; and Cumlongtan-castle, Dum- 

Gideon Mantell, Esq. F.L.S. F.G.S. Lewes, 

Ashhurst Majendie, Esq. F.G.S. Hedingham- 

castle, Essex. 
Lewis Majendie, Esq. F.S.A. F.L.S. Hed- 

[ogham-castle, Essex. 
Marquess Lewis Malaspina de Sannazaro. 
Major-General Sir John Malcolm, G.C.B. 

F.G.S. 12 Abingdon-street ; and Hyde-hall, 

Sawbridgeworth, Hertfordshire. 
Rev. Thomas Robert Malthus, M.A. 

M.R.S.L. Acad. Imp. Sc. Petrop. Socius. 

East India- college, Hertfordshire. 

King's-college, London. 19 George-s 
Alexander Melville, Esq. 16 Upper Harley- 

Robert, Viscount Melville, K.T. F.R.A.S. 

Wimbledon, Surrey; Melville-castle, Edin- 
burgh ; and Dunira, Perthshire. 

Lieut. Colonel George Miller,C.B. 2 Stone* 
buildings, Lincoln's-inn. 

Charles William, Viscount Milton, F.S.A. 
F.G.S. Mortimer-house, Grosvenor-place; 
and Milton, near Peterborough, Notthuriis- 


William Taylor Money, Esq. 

Major Edward Moor, F.S.A. M.R.A.S. 
Bealings, near Woodbridge, Suffolk. 

Cesar Moreau, Esq. Jcadd. Regg. Divion., 
Burd., et Masil., Socius. Paris. 

Charles Morgan, Esq. F.S.A. F.L.S. 70 Pall- 
mall ; and Tredegar-house, near Newport, 

William Morgan, Esq. Stamford-hill. 

James Morier, Esq. 22 Charles-street, Berke- 

John, Earl of Morley. Kent-house, Knights- 
bridge; Saltram; andBorringdon-house, North 
Molton, Devonshire. 

George Paulet Morris, M.D. 7 Prince's- 
court, Westminster. 

John Carnac Morris, Esq. 10 Portman- 

Rev. Robert Morrison, D.D. Canton, China. 
John William Moss, M.B. Dudley. 
Richard, Earl of Mount- Edgecumbe, D.C.L. 
F.S.A. Richmond-hill,Surrey ; Mount-Edge- 
cumbe, near Plymouth ; and Cotele, Corn- 
George, Earl of Mountnorris, F.S.A. F.L.S. 
M.R.A.S. Arley-hall, near Bewdley, Staf- 
fordshire ; and Camolin-park, Wexford. 
Richard Zachary Mudge, Esq. Captain in 
the Royal Engineers. Ordnance Map-Office, 

Roderick ImpeyMurchison,Esq. President of 
the Geological Society. 3 Bryanstone-place, 

Thomas Murdoch, Esq. F.S.A. 8 Portland- 

13 Belgrave-street ; and Upper-lodge, Bushy- 
park. Middlesex. 

Right Hon. Sir George Murray, G.C.B. 
G.C.H. K.T.S. fi Belgrave- square ; and 
Bleadon, Perthshire. 

William Chadwell Mylne, Esq. F.R.A.S. 
New River Head. 

Henry Napier, Esq. Captain in the Royal 

Macvey Napier, Esq. F.R.S.E. Edinburgh. 

Sir Thomas Neave, Bart. F.S.A. 30 Old 
Burlington-street; and Dagnam-pafk, Rum- 
ford, Essex. 

Right Hon. Sir John Nicholl, Knt. D.C.L. 
F.S.A. F.G.S. 26 Bruton-street; and Mer- 
thyrmawr, Glamorganshire. 

Whitlock Nicholl, M.D. M.R.I.A. F.L.S. 

25 Curzon-street. 
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Kenmure-castle, New Galloway, N. B. 

Bernard Edward, Duke of Norfolk, F.S.A. 
21 St. James's-square ; Arundel-castle, Sussex ; 
Henfold, Surrey ; Fornham, Bury St. Edmund's ; 
and Clift-house, West Cowes, Isle of Wight. 

Spencer Joshua Alwyne, Marquess of North- 
ampton. Castle Ashby, Northampton; and 
Compton Vingates, Warwick. 

Hugh, Duke of Northumberland, K.G. M.A. 
F.S.A. F.G.S. Northumberland-house, 
Strand ; Alnwick-castle, Northumberland ; 
Sion-house, Middlesex ; Werrington-park, 
Cornwall; and Keilder-castle, Northumber- 

James Adey Ogle, M.D. F.R.A.S. Lord 
Litchfield's and Aldrich's Professor of Me- 
dicine, Oxford; Coll. Reg. Med. Socius. 

John01dershaw,B.D. Archdeacon of Norfolk. 
Harlestone, Norfolk. 

Charles Savill Onley, Esq. F.S.A. F.L.S. 
22 Great George-street, Westminster; and 
Stiested-hall, Essex. 

Horatio, Earl of Orford. Wolterton-park, 



George Ormerod, Esq. Hon. D.C.L. F.S.A. 

F.G.S. Sedbury-park, Gloucestershire. 
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F.S.A. M.R.A.S. M.R.S.L.Acad. Imp.Sc. 

Petrop.Socius. 49 Upper Grosvenor-street; 

and Woolmers, Hertfordshire. 

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street, Westminster. 

John Ayrton Paris, M.D. F.L.S. Coll. Reg. 
Med. Socius. 28 Dover-street. 

Woodbine Parish, Esq. F. S. A. Buenos Ayres. 

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34 Mount-street. 

Charles Henry Parry, M.D. Bath. 

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D.C.L. Captain in the Royal Navy ; , 
F.R.A.S. Acad. Imp. Sc. Petrop. Socius. j 
New South Wales. 

Colonel Charles William Pasley, Royal En 



Rev.George Peacock, M. A. F. G.S. F. R.A.S 
Trinity-college, Cambridge. 

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6 Compton^terrace, Islington; and South 
Kilworth, near Welford, Northamptonshire. 

William Pearson, Esq. Clapham. 

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F.S.A. Whitehall-gardens; and Dray ton- 
park, Fazeley, Staffordshire. 

George Pemberton, Esq. 

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M.A. F.G.S. 36 Eaton-place, Belgrave- 
square ; and Pendarves, Truro, Cornwall. 

Richard Penn, Esq. 6 Whitehall. 

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Holywell, Flintshire. 

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Herbert Marsh, Lord Bishop of Peterbo- 
rough; Margaret Professor of Divinity, 

Cambridge; F.S.A. Peterborough-palace, 

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F.G.S. F.R.A.S. M.R.S.L. 9 New- 
square, Lincoln's-inn. 

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field-street ; and Thorndon-hall, near Brent- 
wood, Essex. 

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F.L.S. M.R.A.S. Univ. Getting. Phil. 
Doct. — Acad. Reg. Divion. Socius. 8 Sa- 

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127 Park-: 

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square, LincolnVmn ; ;unl ( liaveuage-house, 

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Queen-square-house, Guilford-st rew. 
Thomas William, Earl of Pomfret, K.T.! 

F.S.A. 33Portman-squarc; Twinstead-ha 





Halstead, Essex; and Eastern Neston, near 

Towcester, Northamptonshire, 
John Pond, Esq. Astronomer Royal, 

F.R.A.S. Instit. Reg. Sc. Paris. Corresp. 

— Socc. Reg. Sc. Gottin. et Amer. Philad. 

Socius. Royal Observatory, Greenwich. 
Rev. Baden Powell, M.A. Savilian Professor 

of Geometry, Oxford. Oxford. 
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40 Sackville-street. 
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and Pusey-house, near Farringdon, Berk- 

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48 Upper Gower-street ; and near Poole, 

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George Rennie, Esq. — Vice President. 

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Marine Infirmary, Chatham. 
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Stephen Peter Rigaud,Esq. M.A. Savilian 
Professor of Astronomy, and Professor of 
Experimental Philosophy, Oxford. Rich- 
mond, Surrey ; and Oxford. 

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Natural Philosophy in the Royal Institu- 
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Edward Roberts, M.D. Coll. Reg. Med. 
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F.G.S. F.R.A.S. Coll. Reg. Med. Socius. 
39 Bernard-street, Russell-square. 

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Royal Navy, F.R.A. S. Rio de Janeiro. 

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Royal Navy, F.R.A.S. 

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Royal Artillery; F.L.S. Acad. Imp. Sc. 
Petrop. : Socc. Reg. Sc. Norv., et Phil. 
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Brux. : Socc. Reg. Sc. Gottin., et Geog. 


Paris., Corresp. Island Bridge Barracks, 

Joseph Sabine, Esq. F.S.A. F.L.S. Acad. 
Cas. Nat. Cur. : Socc. Cas. ■ Nat. Cur. 
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John Corse Scott, Esq. 

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2, F. Albany. 

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iter, Caithness. 

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Royal Institution of Great Britain. Park- 
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roy, near Totness ; Stover-house, Newton 
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Hon. John Stuart Wortley, B.A. 77 South 

Francis Wrangham, M.A. Archdeacon of 

Sir Jeffery Wyatville, Knt. F.S.A. F.G.S. 
50 Brook-street. 

Grant David Yeats, M.D. Coll. Reg. Med. 
Socius. Tunbridge-Wells. 

John Yelloly, M.D. F.G.S. Soc. Phil. Nov.- 
Ebor. Socius. Carrow-abbey, near Nor- 

Right Hon. Charles Philip Yorke, F.S.A. 
28 Bruton-street; and Bonningtons, near 
Ware, Hertfordshire. 


AdamAfzelius Upsal. 1798. 

Andre-Marie Ampere Paris. 1827. 

Francois-Jean-Dominique Arago Paris. 1818. 

Don Felippe Bauza Madrid. 1819. 

Jens- Jacob Berzelius Stockholm. 1813. 

Fnedrich-Wilhelm Bessel . . . Konigsberg 1825. 

Jean-Baptiste Biot Paris. 1815. 

Johann-Friedrich Blumenbach . Gottingen. 1793. 

Alexis Bouvard Paris. 1826. 

Nathaniel Bowditch Boston. 1818. 

Alexandre Brongniart Paris. 1815. 

Leopold von Buch Berlin. 1828. 

Auguste-Pyrame de Candolle . . Geneva. 1822. 

Le Comte de Cassini Paris. 1789. 

Le Comte Chaptal Paris. 1825. 

Michel-Eugene Chevreul. . . . Paris. 1826. 

Le baron Cuvier Paris. 1 

Pierre-Louis Dulong Paris. 1826. 

Johann-Friedrich Encke .... Berlin. 1 

Paul Erman Berlin. 1 827. 

Karl-Friedrich Gauss Gottingen. 1 8 

Adrien-Marie Le Gendre .... Paris. 1789. 

Karl-Ludwig Harding Gottingen. 1806. 

Simon L'Huilier Geneva. 1 

Alexander von Humboldt . . . Berlin. 1 

Antoine-Laurent de Jussieu . . Paris. 

Joseph- Louis Gay-Lussac . . . Paris. 

Martin van Marum Haarlem. 

Eilert Mitscherlich Berlin. 

Domenico Morichini Rome. 

Jens-Christian Oersted .... Copenhagen. 

Wilhelm Olbers Bremen. 

Barnaba Oriani Milan. 

Giovanni Plana Turin. 

Le baron Poisson Paris. 

Baron Da Villa da Praia . . . Lisbon. 

Pierre Prevost Geneva. 

Le baron de Prony Paris. 

Theodore de Saussure .... Geneva. 

Antonio Scarpa Pavia. 

Heinrich-Christian Schumacher Altona. 

Friedrich Stromeyer Gottingen. 

Friedrich-Georg- Wilhelm Struve Dorpat. 

Le baron Thenard Paris. 

Baron von Zach Pan's. 

Somerset-House, Nov. 30th, 1831.