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Botanical Magazine; 

O R, 

Flower-Garden Difplayed : 


The raoft Ornamental Foreign Plants, cultivated in the 
Open Ground, the Green-Houfe, and the Stove, are ac- 
curately reprefented in their natural Colours. 


Their Names, Clafs, Order, Generic and Specific Characters, according 

to the celebrated Linnaeus ; their Places of Growth, and 

Times of Flowering : 

Together with 


Intended for the Ufe of fuch Ladies, Gentlemen, and Gardeners, as 
wiih to become fcientifically acquainted with the Plants they cultivate* 



Author of the Flora Londinensis. 

vol. h ./.-* j£ 

*« A Garden is the purcft cf human Pleafures." 


L O N D O N: . 
Printed by CotrcHMAN and Fry, Throgrnorton-Street, 
For)V. CURTIS, at his Botanic-Garden, Lambeth-Mai.'a; 
And Sold bv the principal Bookfellers in Great- Britain and Ireland. 


«y* f^> <y^f^> ^cifif '^inf <yr% <*>%/* «ysi p*^ <y^<"^ <y>^'W > <yi *^* ^r> fi^ 


r ~T , HE prefent periodical publication owes its cora- 
* mencement to the repeated fblicitations of feveral 
Ladies and Gentlemen, Subfcribers to the Author's 
Botanic Garden, who were frequently lamenting 
the want of a work, which might enable them, not 
only to acquire a fyftematic knowledge of the Foreign 
Plants growing in their gardens, but which might at 
the fame time afford them the beft information 
refpecling their culture — in facl, a work, in which 
Botany and Gardening (fo far as relates to the culture 
of ornamental Plants) or the labours of and 
Miller, might happily be combined. 

In compliance with their wifhes, he has endeavoured 
to prefent them with the united information of both 
authors, and to illuflrate each by a fet of new 
figures, drawn always from the living plant, and 
coloured as near to nature, as # . the imperfection of 
colouring will admit. 

He does not mean, however, to confine himfelf 
folely to die Plants contained in the highly eftcemed 
works of thofe luminaries of ^Botany and Gardening, 



but fhall occafionally introduce new ones, as they 
may flower in his own garden, or thofe of the 
curious in any part of Great-Britain. 

At the commencement of this publication, he had 
no delign of entering on the province of the Florift, 
by giving figures of double or improved Flowers, 
which fometimes owe their origin to culture, more 
frequently to the fportings of nature ; but the earneft 
entreaties of many of his Subfcribers, have induced 
him fo far to deviate from his original intention, 
as to promife them one, at leaft, of the Flowers 
mofl efteemed by Florifts. 

The encouragement given to this work, great 
beyond the Author's warmer! expectations, demands 
his moft grateful acknowledgements, and will excite 
him to perfevere in his humble endeavours to render 
Botany a lafling fource of rational amufement, and 
public utility. 

Botanic Garden, 
»78 7 . 



C » 1 

Iris Persic a. Persian Iris. 

C/^/} <z«*/ Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Corolla 6-partita : Petalis alternis, reflexis. Stigmata petali- 

Specific CharatJcr and Synonyms. 

IRIS Per/tea corolla imberbi, petalis interioribus breviffimis 
paten tiffimis. Linn. Syft. Vegetab. p. 79. Sp. PL p. 59, 

IRIS buibofa praecox minus odora Perfica variegata. Morif. 
hifi. 2. p. 357. 

XIPHIUM Perficum. Miller Dicl. ed. 6. 4/0. 

The Perfian bulbous Flower-de-luce. Parkin/. Parad. p. 172. 

A native of Perfia. Flowers in February and March. Its 
beauty, early appearance, and fragrant bloflbms, make it highly 
efleemed by all lovers of flowers ; like the Hyacinth or Narcif- 
fus it will blow within doors in a water-glafs, but ftronger in a 
fmall pot of fand, or fandy loam ; a few flowers will fcent a 
whole apartment: it will alfo bloflbm in the open air, but re- 
quires warmth and fhelter; it is propagated by offsets and 
feeds ; the bed flowering roots are imported from Holland, 
they bear forcing well ; and hence this plant may be had to 
flower a full month or fix weeks in fucceffion. 

Park in son remarks, that in his time (1629) it was very 
rare, and feldom bore flowers. 

C * ] 


C/^/} and Order, 
Syngenesia Polygamia Frustranea. 

Generic Character. 

Receptaculum paleaceum, conicum. Pappus margine quadri- 
dentato. Calyx duplici ordine fquamarum. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

RUDBECKIA purpurea foliis lanceolato-ovatis alternis indi- 
vifis, radii petalis bifidis. Linn. Syji. Vegetab. 
p. 651. Sp. PI. p. 1280. 

DRACUNCULUS virginianus latifolius, petalis florum Ion- 
giffimis purpurafcentibus. Morif. Hi/I. 3, 
p. 42. /. 6. /. 9. /. 1. 

This fpecies differs from the other plants of the genus, in 
the colour of its outermoft petals, which are long, narrow, 
purple, and pendulous, and not unaptly refemble fmall pieces 
of red tape. Notwithftanding it is a native of the warm cli- 
mates Carolina and Virginia, it fucceeds very well with us in 
an open border: but, as Mr. Miller very juftly obferves, it 
will always be prudent to fhelter two or three plants under a 
common hot-bed frame in winter, to preferve the kind, be- 
caufe in very fevere winters, thofe in the open air are fome- 
times killed. It flowers in July. As it rarely ripens its 
feeds with us, the only mode of propagating it, is by parting 
the roots; but in that way the plant does not admit of much 

[ 3 ] 

Helleborus hyemalis. Winter 
Hellebore, or Aconite. 

■f^jfK fr» » » M ♦'♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦ 


Generic Character. 

Calyx o. Petala 5 five plura. Ne&aria bilabiata, tubulata. 
Capfulas polyfpermae ere&iufculae. 

Specific Character and Synonyms, 

HELLEBORUS hyemalis flore folio infidente. Linn. Syft* 
Vegetal, p. 431. Sp. PL p. 783. 

ACONITUM unifolium bulbofum. Baub. Pin* 183. 

The Winter's Wolfefbane. Park. Parad. p. 214. 

Grows wild in Lombardy, Italy, and Auflria, affccls moun- 
tainous fituations, flowers with us in February, and hence is 
liable to be cut off by fevere frofts. "Is propagated by offsets, 
<c which the roots Tend out in plenty. Thefc roots may be 
* f taken up and tranfplanted any time after their leaves decay, 
€f which is generally by the beginning of June till October, 
u when they will begin to put out new fibres; but as the roots 
" are fmall and nearly the colour of the ground, fo if care is 
'■* not taken to fcarch for them, many of the roots will be left 
u in the ground. Thefe roots fhould be planted in fmall 
" clufters, otherwife they will not make a good appearance, 
" for fmgle flowers fcattered about the borders of thefe fmall 
" kinds arc fcarce feen at a diftance ; but when thefe and the 
" Snowdrops are alternately planted in bunches, they will have 
" a good effect, as they flower at the fame time, and are 
ft much of a fize." Millers Gard. Die!. 

* Moft of the Hellebores vary greatly in the number of their piftils, which in 
general are too few to juftfy the placing thefe plants in the order Polygyria. 

' VJ 

C 4 3 

Cyclamen Coum, Round-leav'd 

c y c lam e n. 

Clofs and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Corolla rotata, reflexa, tubo breviffimo fauce prominente. 
Bacca te&a capfula. 

Specific Chara&er and Synonyms. 

CYCLAMEN Coum foliis orbicularis planis, pediculis brevibus, 

floribus minoribus. Miller's Dit~l. 
CYCLAMEN hyemale orbicularis foliis inferius rubentibus 

purpurafcente flore; Coum Herbariorum. 

Hort. reg. Paris. Hem. Cat. 
CYCLAMEN orbiculato folio inferne purpurafcente. Bauh. 

Pin. p. 307. 
The common round-leav'd Scwebread. Park. Par ad. p. 198. 

Grows wild in many parts of Italy and Germany, and is 
fometimes found with white flowers; if the feafon be mild, or 
the plants fheltered from the inclemency of the weather, this 
fpecies will flower as early as February, or much earlier by 
artificial heat. 

As it grows naturally in woods and fhady places, it will 
thrive beft in a mixture of bog-earth and loam placed in a 
north border; if planted in the open border, it will require to 
be covered with a hand-glafs during winter, and in the fpring, 
when in bloom'; the more ufual method with Gardeners is to 
preferve them in pots in a common hot-bed frame, the advan- 
tage of this method is that they may, at any time, be removed 
to decorate the parlour or the ftudy. 

The plants of this genus admit of but little increafe by their 
roots; the bed method of propagating them is by feed, which 
fhould be fown foon after they arc ripe in boxes or pots, and 
covered about half an inch deep, placing them where they may 
have only the morning-fun, till the beginning of September, 
when they may be removed to a warmer expofurc. 

rt;M,<AJjj AeJa 

rdcn Zum£ft&3far*h rj£t>. 

[5 1 

Erythronium Dens Canis. Dogs-Tooth, 
or Dogs-Tpoth Violet. 

• t * % % t % Z % * i ^^ ^^W^ 

Clap- and Order. 
Hexandria Monogvnia. 

Generic Character. 

Corolla 6-petala, campanulata: NeQario tubercubs 2-petalorum 
alternorum bad adnatis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

ERYTHRONIUM Dens Cams. Linn. Syfi. Vegetal, p. 269. 

Sj?.Pl.p. 437 . 

Dens Canis latiore rotundioreque folio. Bauh. Pin. 87. 
Dogs-Tooth with a pale purple flower. Park. Par ad. p. 194. 

Of this genus Mr. Miller makes too fpecics; Linnaeus, per- 
haps with more propriety, only one, for breadth of leaves or 
colour of flowers can fcarcely be considered as iuflicient to 
conflitute a fpecific difference. 

It is found in the gardens with purple flowers of two different 
tints, alfo with white and yellow bloffoms, grows naturally in 
Hungary and fome parts of Italy, and blows in the open border 
at the beginning of April. 

" They are propagated by offsets from their roots. They 
" love a fhady fituation and a gentle loamy foil, but fbould not 
" be too often removed. They may be tranfplanted any time 
" after the beginning of June,' when their leaves will be quite 
" decayed, till the middle of September; but the roots fliould 
" not be kept very long out of the ground, for if the 7 fhrink 
" it will often caufe them to rot. The roots of thefe flowers 
" fhould not be planted fcattering in the. borders of the flower- 
garden, but in patches near each other, where they will make 
" a good appearance." Miller's Card. Dift. 

J'ui&hl.u tkeJ^Jir^-h^ty^rBcmnic^rJaiZamigAXpi'h J7S6. 

C 6 3 

Narcissus minor. Least Daffodil* 

Clajs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charafter. 

Petala 6, aequalia: Ne&ario infundibuliformi, l-phyllo. Sta- 
mina intra neftarium. 

Specific CharaBer and Synonyms, 

NARCISSUS minor fpatha uniflora, neaario obconico ereSo 
crifpo fexfido aequante petala lanceolata. LtfM* 
Sp. PL p. 415. Syjl. Vegetab. p. 262. 

NARCISSUS parvus totus luteus. Bauhin. Pin. 53. 

The leaft-Spanifh yellow baRard Daffodil. Park. Parad.p. 105. 

We are not a little furprifed that Mr. Miller fhould have 
taken no notice of the prefent fpecies, as it muft have been in 
the Englifti gardens long before his time, being mentioned by 
Parkinfon in his Garden of Pleafant Flowers : it is nearly *g 
lated to the Pfeudo-Narcijfus, but differs from it in many parti- 
culars except fize; vid. Linn. Sp. PL and Parkinfon above 

Though its bloflbms are not fo large as tbofe of the other 
fpecies, yet when the roots are planted in a clutter, they make 
a very pretty fhow, and have this advantage, that they flower 
fomewhat earlier than any of the others. 

Like the common Daffodil it propagates very fad by the 
roots, and will thrive in almoft any foil or fituation. 

Though a native of Spain, it is feldom injured by the feve- 
nty of our climate. 

MlvAtfa/tfuAeeduiecfrij'fF&r/isJfotiinie CardenLamiatflMkKr/u^S 

C 7 ] 

Cynoglossum Omphalodes. Blue 

$♦ jl ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ 

Clafs and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charatler. 

Corolla infundibuliformis, fauce claufa fornicibus. Semina 
deprefla interiore tantum latere ftylo affixa. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

CYNOGLOSSUM Omphalodes repens, foliis radicalibus 
cord at is*. Linn. Sp. PL p. 193. Syfi. 
Vegetab. p. 157. ScopoliFl. Cam. p. 124. 

SYMPHYTUM minus borraginis facie. Bauh. Pin. 259. 

BORAGO minor verna repens, folio lasvi. Morif. hi/I. 3. 
P> 437- / **• u * 6 ' fig- 3- 

A native of Spain, Portugal, and Carniola, and an inhabi- 
tant of woods and fhady fituations ; flowers in March and 
April. In the autumn it puts forth trailing moots, which take 
root at the joints, whereby the plant is moft plentifully pro- 
pagated ; thrives bell under a wall in a North border. 

* " Stolones repunt non caulis florifer, cui folia ovalia, et minime cordata. 
" TOURNEFORTIUS feparavit aSYMPHYTo, et dixit Omphallodem 
** pumilam verxam, fymphyti folio, fed bene monet LINN-5LUS folam fruftu3 
•• afperitatem aut glabritiem, non fuflicere ad novum genus conftruendum,'* 
Scopoli Fl» Cam. p. 134. 

C 8 J 

Helleborus Niger. Black Hellebo 
or Christmas Rose. 

Oafs and Order. 


Generic Characler. 
Calyx nullus. Petala 5 five plura. Ne&aria bilabiata, tub 
lata. Capfulse polyfpermse, ere&iufculae. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 
HELLEBORUS nigerfcapo fub-bifloro fubnudo, foliispeC 
lis. Linn. Syji. Veg. ^.431. Sp. PI. p. 783. 
HELLEBORUS niger flore rofeo. Bauh. Pin. 186. 

The true Black Hellebore, or Chriftmas flower. Parkin 
Par ad. ^.344. 

As our Publication feems likely to fall into the hands or 
fuch as are totally unacquainted with Botany, or botanical 
writings, it muft plead as an apology for our often explaining 
many circumftances relative to plants, which may be veil 
known to adepts in the fcience. 

This plant derives its firft name from the black colour of its 
roots, its fecond from its early flowering and the colour of ^ 
petals, which, though generally milk-white on their firft ap- 
pearance, yet have frequently a tint of red in them, which 
increafes with the age of the bloffom, and finally changes to 
green j in fome fpecies of Hellebore, particularly the virMtji 
the flower is green from firft to laft. 

Black Hellebore grows wild on the Appenine and other 
mountains, preferring fuch as are rocky. 

If the weather be unufually mild, it will flower in our gar- 
dens in the open borders as early as December and January ; & 
may indeed be confidered as the herald of approaching fpring- 

Like moft other alpine plants, it loves a pure air, a fituation 
moderately moift, and a foil unmanured : as the beauty of it* 
flowers is apt to be deftroyed by fevere frofts, it fhould be co- 
vered during the winter with a hand-glafs, or if it be treated 
111 the manner recommended for the round-leav'd Cyclamen, 
it may be had to flower in ftill greater perfeBion. 

It is propagated by parting its roots in autumn : neither 
this fpecies nor the hyemalis thrive very near London, 


COttkUm .V 

[ 9 ] 
Iris Pumila. Dwarf Iris. 

Cla/s and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Corolla fex-partita : Petalis altemis, reflexis. Stigmata pe- 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

IRIS pumila corollis barbatis, caule foliis breviore unifloi 
Linn. Syji. Vegetab. p. 78. Sp. Plant, p. 56. Jacq. 
Aujlr. t. 1. 

CHAMjEIRIS minor flore purpureo. Bauh. Pin. 33. 

The leffer purple dwarf Flower-de-luce. Park. Parad. p. i86» 

Gardeners, in former days, not having that profufion of 
plants to attend to and cultivate, which we can at prefent boaft, 
appear to have been more folicitous in increafing generally 
the varieties of the feveral fpecies; accordingly we find in 
the Paradifus terrejlris of the venerable Parkinson, no lefs 
than fix varieties of this plant*, moft of which are now ftrangers 
to the Nurfery Gardens. We may obferve, that varieties in 
general not being fo ftrong as the original plant, are confe- 
quently much fooner loft. 

The Iris pumila grows wild in many parts of Hungary, af- 
fe&s open and hilly fituations, and flowers in our gardens in 
the month of April ; it is a very hardy plant, and will thrive 
in almoft any foil or fituation ; is propagated by parting it* 
roots in autumn. 

* The leffer purple dwarf Flower-de-lace with white bloflbms, 

■ ■ ftraw-colour ditto, 

. — ■ ■ ■ ■■ pale blue ditto, 

" — ' ■ ■ . ■ blulh-coloured ditto, 

' — yellow variable ditto, and the 

purple dwarf Sea Flower-de-luce of the fame author, is probably no other than * 



-PuA&ihd as die^tctdimc& ty /rthrtij .ftelanu: isortitrt £ t irrU>f/hJforyh2jS;. 

u 10 


C 10 1 

Anemone Hepatic a. Hepatic a, or 
Noble Liverwort. 

■W Vj» >■> VJT jv* #• 9ft Sjji •> *vC /N y; T'jvT'i'* «■£» /> VK TPJli' iji? 

C/<z/} and Order. 


Generic Character. 
Calyx nullus. Petala 6. 9. Semina plura. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

ANEMONE Hcpatica foliis trilobis integerrimis. Lin. Syjl. 
Vegetab. p. 424. Sp. PI. p. 758. Fl. Suec. n. 480. 

TRIFOLIUMhepaticumflorefimplicietpleno.i?tf#&. Pin. 339. 

Red Hepatica or noble Liverwort. Park. Farad, p. 226. 

Dillenius, Miller, and fome other authors, make a diftincf 
genus of the Hepatica : Linnaeus unites it with the Anemone^ 
obferving, that though it differs from the Anemone in having a 
calyx, yet that calyx is at fome diftance from the flower, and 
partakes more of the Nature of an Involucrum, which is not 
uncommon to the Anemonies. 

The Hepaticas, as Parkinfon obferves, flower foon after the 
winter Hellebore, " and making their pride appear in winter, 
" are the more welcome early guefts." 

It is found wild in its fingle (late, with red, blue, and white 
flowers, in the woods and fhady mountains of Sweden, Germany, 
and Italy; the red variety with double flowers is the one moft 
commonly cultivated in our gardens; the double blue is alfo 
not unfrequent ; the fingle white is lefs common ; and the 
doable white Miller never faw, yet admits that it may exift 
fpontaneoufly, or be produced from feed : Parkinfon mentions 
a white variety with red threads or ftamina. 

According to Miller, this plant delights in a loamy foil, and 
in an caftern pofition where it may have only the morning 
fun: the fingle forts are eafily railed from feed; the double, 
increafed by parting the roots, which ought to be done in 
March when they are in bloom ; they fhould not be divided 
into very fmall heads : thefe plants, if often removed and 
parted, arc apt to die, but left undifturbed for many years, 
they will thrive exceedingly, and become very large roots. 


Tut*** or AtAct&rcctj, try JTCi 

i-rtuBntanu Cm**, /<„„/,,& j/,„ yA 

C » ] 

Erica herbacea. Herbaceous Heath. 
♦ ♦♦#$#&# $$$$#$ $ $ $ ftfr 

Clafs and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Calyx 4-phylIus. Corolla 4 -fida. Filamenta reccptaculo in- 
ferta. Antherae bifidae. Capfula 4-locularis. 

Specific Char after and Synonyms. 
ERICA herbacea antheris muticis exfertis, corollis oblongis, 

ftylo exferto, foliis quaternis, floribus fecundis, Lin. 

Syft. Vegetab. p. 306. carnea Sp. PL ed. 3. p. 504. 
ERICA carnea. J acq. Ft. Auftr. v. 1. tab. 32 
ERICA procumbens herbacea. Bauh. Pin. p. 486. 

Since the days of Mr. Miller, who, with all his imperfections, 
has contributed more to the advancement of practical garden- 
ing than any individual whatever, our gardens, but more efpe- 
cially our green-houfes, have received fome of their higheft 
ornaments from the introduction of a great number of moft 
beautiful Heaths: the prefent plant, though a native of the Alps 
and mountainous parts of Germany, is of modern introduction 
here, what renders it particularly acceptable, is its hardinefs 
and early flowering ; its bloffoms are formed in the autumn, 
continue of a pale green colour during the winter, and expand 
in the fpring, flowering as early as March, efpecially if kept in 
a grcen-houfe, or in a common hot-bed frame, which is the 
more ufual pra&ice. 

It may be propagated by feeds or cuttings, the latter is the 
mod ready way of increafing this and moft of the other fpecies 
of the genus: when the cuttings have {truck root, they fhould 
be planted in a mixture of frefli loam and bog earth, either in 
the open border, under a wall, or in pots. 

The name of herbacea, which Linnaeus has given to this plant, 
is flot very chara&eriftic, but it fhould be obferved, that Lin- 
naeus in this, as in many other inftances, has only adopted tha 
name of fome older botanift; and it fhould alfo be remembered, 
that in genera, where the fpecies are very numerous, it is noeafy 
matter togive names to all of them that lhali be perfectlyexprefTive. 

This fpecies does not appear to us to be fpecifically different 
from the mediterranea. 

C * ] 


theon, or American Cowslip. 

C/rt/j #«</ Order. 


Generic Character : 

Corolla rotata, reflexa. Stamina tubo infidentia. Capfula uni- 
locularis, oblonga. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

DODECATHEON JVfiWw. Lin. Syji. Vegetab. p. 163. Sp. 
Plant, p. 163. 

MEADIA Catejb. Car. 3. />. 1. /. 1. ?«m £iw/. /. 12. 

AURICULA urfi virginiana floribas boraginis inftar roftratis, 
cyclaminmn more reflexis. Pink. aim. 62. /. 79. 
/. 6. 

This plant grows fpontaneoufly in Virginia and other parts of 
North America, from whence, as Miller informs us, it was fent 
by Mr. Baniftcr to Dr. Compton, Lord Bifliop of London, in 
whofe curious garden he firft law it growing in the year 1709. 

It is figured by Mr. Catefby, in his Natural Hiftory of Caro- 
lina, among the natural productions of that country, who be- 
ftowed on it the name of Meadia, in honour of the late 
Dr. Mead, a name which Linnaeus has not thought proper to 
adopt as a generic, though he has as a trivial one. 

" It flowers the beginning of May, and the feeds ripen in 
J u ty> f°on after which the {talks and leaves decay, fo that the 
roots remain inactive till the following fpring. 
'* Jt is propagated by offsets, which the roots put out freely 
" when they are in a loofe moid foil and a fiiady lituation ; 
the belt time to remove the roots, and take away tflc offsets, 
" is in Auguft, after the leaves and ftalks are decayed, that 
they may be fixed well in their new fituation before the froft 
comes on. It may alfo be propagated by feeds, which the 

" plants 

plants generally produce in plenty; thefe fhould be fown 
in autumn, foon after they are ripe, either in a fhady moift 
border, or in pots, which mould be placed in the fhade ; in 
the fpring, the plants will come up, and muft then be kept 
clean from weeds ; and, if the feafon proves dry, they muft 
be frequently refrefhed with water : nor fhould they be ex- 
pofed to the fun ; for while the plants are young, they are 
very impatient of heat, fo that I have known great numbers 
of them deftroyed in two or three days, which were growing 
to the full fun. Thefe young plants fhould not be tranf- 
planted till the leaves are decayed, then they may be care- 
fully taken up and planted in a fhady border, where the foil 
is loofe and moift, at about eight inches diflance from each 
other, which will be room enough for them to grow one 
year, by which time they will be itrong enough to produce 
flowers, fo may then be tranfplanted into fome fhady borders 
in the flower-garden, where they will appear very ornamental 
during the continuance of their flowers." Miller's Gard. Ditt. 

E *3 ] 


Day-smelling Coronilla. 

Clajs and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Calyx bilabiatus: \\ dentibus fuperioribus connatis. 
Vexillum vix alis longius. Legumen ifthmis interceptum. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

CORONILLA glauca fruticofa, foliolis feptenis, obtufiffimts 
ftipulis lanceolatis. Linn. Syft. Vegetal), p. 557* 
Sp. PI. 1047. 

CORONILLA maritima, glauco folio. Tourtuf, injl. 650. 

COLUTEA fcorpioides maritima, glauco folio. Bauh. rfl 
Ztf.prodr. 157. 

Tbis cbarming fhrub, which is almoft perpetually in bloffom, 
and admirably adapted for nofegays, is a native of the fouth o» 
France, and a conftant ornament to our green-houfes. 

Linnaeus has obferved. that the flowers, which in the da}' 
time are remarkably fragrant, in the night arc almoft without 

M It is propagated by Cowing the feeds in tbe fpring, either 
" upon a gentle hot-bed, or on a warm border of light earth: 
" when the plants are come up about two inches high, they 
" mould be tranfplanted either into pots, or inta a bed of frelh 
" earth, at about four or five inches diftance every way, where 
" they may remain until they have obtained ftrength enough 
* to plant out for good, which mould be either in pots filled 
" with good frefh earth, or in a warm fituated border, in which, 
" if the winter is not too fevere, they will abide very weft 
" provided they are in a dry foil." Miller's Gard. Diet. 

• Tt3 

C 14 3 

Primula villosa. Mountain Primu 

Clafs and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 
Invokcrum umbellulae. Corolla: tubus cylindricus : ore patulo. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

PRIMULA villofa foliis obovatis dentatis villofis, fcaj 
breviffimo multifloro. 

PRIMULA villofa. Jacauin Fl. Aufir. app. t. 27. 

Mr. Miller, in the Sixth Edition of the Abridgment of his 
Gardener's Diftionary, mentions only four Primulas, exclunve 
of the Auricula, 1 the two firft of which are named erroneoufly, 
and of the two lalt not a fyllable is faid either as to their place 
of growth or culture. 

The plant here figured, has been introduced pretty generally 
into the Nurfery-Gardens in the neighboured of London within 
thefe few years: Mr. Salifbury informs me, that a variety of 
this plant with white flowers, brought originally from the Mp s 
of Switzerland, has for many years been cultivated in a garden 
in Yorkshire. 

It is not noticed by Linnaeus: ProfefTor Jacquin, in "*• 
Flora AuRriaca, has figured and defcribed a Primula, ^bich, 
though not agreeing fo minutely as could be wiflied with the 
one we have figured, is neverthelefs confidered by fome of the 
firft Botanifts in this country as the fame fpecies; he gives it the 
name of villofa, which we adopt, though with us it U fo flighty 
villous as fcarcely to deferve that epithet. 

It varies in the brilliancy of its colours, flowers in Apr" 
and will fucceed with the method of culture recommended fo 
the Round- Leaved Cyclamen. 

I ■// 

C *5 3 

Narcissus Jonquilla. Common Jonquil, 

■ »» » » ♦ ♦ ♦ i$ ♦■♦ ♦ fr* ♦ ♦ ♦"♦ fr 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 
Petala fex. Neclario infundibuliformi, monophyllo. 
Stamina intra ne£larium. 

Specific Ghardtler and Synonyms. 

NARCISSUS Jonquilla fpatha multiflora, neBario hemil 
phserico crenato, breviore petalis, foliis femi 
teretibus. Ii»». Sp^c. P/. p. 417. 

The fragrant Jonquil is a native of Spain, flowers in the 
open ground, about the latter-end of April, or beginning 01 
May, and will thrive in almoft any foil or fituation, but pre- 
fers, as moft bulbs do, a frelh loamy earth ; indeed fuch a 
foil is favourable to the growth of moft plants, as being 
exempt from a variety of fubterraneous infers, which are 
apt to infeft ground which has been long cultivated. 

It is found in the gardens with double flowers. 

Our plant accords exaaiy with the defcription of Linnae^ 
above quoted, but muft be carefully diftinguiflied from fa 111 * 
others very fimilar to it. 

Pu&iffiX h fr.air/i. Botanic <^r/ifr»Zmt*fA .V.*y/ii?S/ 

y°t6$, TT.thrti, y?.* wi- tarda, Zamtet/, . 

C 16 ] 
Iris variegata. Variegated Iris. 

Clafs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Corolla 6-partita; Petalis alternis, reflexis. Stigmata petali- 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

IRIS variegata corollis barbatis, caule fubfoliofo longitudine 
foliorum multifloro. Linn. Spec. PL p. 56. 

IRIS Iatifolia pannonica, colore multiplied Bauh. Pin. 31. 
The yellow variable Flower-de-Luce. Parkin/on Parad.p. 182. 

This fpecies of Iris, inferior to few in point of beauty, is a 

native of the hilly paftures of Hungary, and flowers in our 

gardens in the month of May, and beginning of June. It is a 

ardy perennial, requires no particular treatment, and may be 

y propagated by parting its roots in Autumn. 

[ ij ] 

Cactus flagelliformis. CreepingCereus. 

Oafs and Order. 


Generic Char after. 

Calyx l-phyllus, fuperus, imbricatus. Corolla multiplex.' Bacca 
i-locularis, polyfpenua. 

Specific Charofter. 

CACTUS flagelliformis repens decemangularis. Linn. Syjl- 
Vegetab. ed. 14. p. 460. 

CEREUS flagelliformis. Miller's Gard. Dicl. ed. 6. 4I0. 

Grows fpontaneoufly in South-America, and the Weft- 
Indies, flowers in our dry Moves early in June, is tolerably 
hardy, and will thrive even in a common green-houfc. that 
has a flue to keep out the fevere frofts. 

It is fuperior to all its congeners in the brilliancy of i» 
colour, nor are its blofibms fo fugacious as many of the other 

No plant is more eafily propagated by cuttings; thefc 
Miller recommends to be laid by in a dry place for a fortnight* 
or three weeks, then to be planted in pots, filled with a mixture 
of loam and lime rubbifh, having Tome (tones laid in the bottom 
of the pot to drain off the moifturc, and afterwards plunged 
into a gentle hot-bed of Tanners bark, to facilitate their 
rooting, giving them once a week a gentle watering: tins 
bufmeis to be done the beginning of July. 

It is feldom that this plant perfeds its feeds in this country: 
Miller relates that it has borne fruit in Chelfea gardens. 


£ i8 ] 
Geranium Reichardi. Dwarf Geranium, | 
* % *% &%%* to* ***** * *** 

Clafs and Order. 


Generic Character. 
Monogynia. Stigmata 5. FraSus roftratus, 5-coccus. 

Specific Characicr and Synonyms. 

GERANIUM Reichardi fcapis imifloris, floribus- pentandris, , 

foiiis fubreniformibus incifo-crenatis. 

GERANIUM Reichardi fcapis unifloris, foiiis plcrifque ob- 
longis trilobis vel quinquelobis incifo-crenatis. 
Linn. Syjl. Vegclab. ed. Murr. 14./'. 618. 1 

This fpecies of Geranium, fo ftrikingly different from ail 
others at prefent cultivated in our gardens, has been known for 
feveral years to the Nuilery-men in the neighbourhood ot 
London, by the name of aiaxde, a name we fhould gladly have 
retained, had not Profeffor Murray defcribed it in the 14 th 
edition of Linnseus's Syjlema Vcgelabiliim, under the name or 
Reichardi, a name he was difpofed to give it in compliment to 
a French gentleman, who firfl di [covered it in the ifland of 
Minorca, and introduced it into the gardens of France. 

Linnaeus describes many of the Geraniums, as having only 
five anther*, though feveral of thofe he thus defcribes have 
to our certain knowledge ten, the five lowermoft of which 
fhedding their pollen fir It, often drop off, and leave the 
filaments apparently barren: but in this fpecies (with us at 
f leaf!) there never are more than five, but betwixt each fiamen, 
there is a broad pointed barren filament or fquamula, fcarcety 
to be jJiftinguifhed by the naked eye. 

The ufual and bed praBice is to make a green-houfe plant 
of this fpecies, though it has been known to remain in the 
open ground, during a mild winter, unhurt. 

It continues to have a fucceffion of blofloms during the 
greateft part of the Cummer, and may be propagated either by 
leed or parting its roots. 

AeMM/i WOrt*. M*m* *" 

mJHlJfm* 1 ,^ 

[ *9 ] 

Hemerocallis Flav a. Yellow Day-Lily. 

Clafi and Order, 
Hexandhia Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 
Corolla campanulas, tubus cylindraceus. 
Stamina declinata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

HEMEROCALLIS Jlava foliis Hneari-fubulatis carinatis, co 
rollis flavis. Linn. Syjl. Veg. ed. 14- P' 339' 

LILIUM luteum, afphodeli radice; Bauh. Pin. 8o. 

The Yellow Day-Lily. Parkin/. Par ad. p. 148. 

This Genus has been called Hemerocallis, in Englifh> ^°T 
lily, from the fhort duration of its bloffoms, but thefe are no 
quite fo fugacious in this fpecies as in die fulva. 

It very rarely happens that Linnaeus, in his fpecific chara c c 
of a plant, has recourfe to colour, be has however in l * 
inftance J but this feems to arife from his confidering tiiem r ** 
ther as varieties, than fpecies. To us they appear to be p* '■' 
feQly diftin£r, and in addition to feveral other characters, t 
flava is diftinguifhed by the fragrance of its bloflbms. 

This fpecies is an inhabitant of Hungary and Siberia, & 
confequently bears our climate exceedingly well ; it requires 
moift foil, and a fituation fomewhat ftiady, and is eafily p r 
pagated by parting its roots in autumn. 

/ ' is 

*Jhilp Vo 1 

Ftth/uhtf/'V Tr(UrfitBt>mni<-r«r/rl<T' Zo-btAJG*** 

[ 20 ] 

Geranium Peltatum. Ivy-Leaved 

Clafs and Order. 


Generic Charatler. 
Monogyna. Stigmata quinque. FruEtus roftratus. 5-coccus, 

Specific Charatler. 

GERANIUM peltatum calycibus monophyllis, foliis quinque- 
lobis integerrimis glabris fubpeltatis, caule fru- 
ticofo. Linn. Syjl. Vegetab. ed. 14. p. 613. , 

GERANIUM africanum, foliis inferioribus afari, fuperioribus 
ftaphidifagriae maculatis fplendentibus et acetote 
fapore. Comm. Prcel. 52. t. 2. 

A native of Africa, as are moft of our fhewy Geraniums, is 
not fo tender as many others, and may be propagated very 
readily from cuttings. 

A leaf, having its foot-ftalk inferted into the difk or middle 
part of it, or near it, is called by Linnaeus, peltatum, hence 
the Latin trivial name of this plant. It may be obferved, 
however, that fome of the leaves have this character more 
perfectly than others. 

The African Geraniums differ much from the European, 
in the irregularity of their Petals, but exhibit the character w 
the Clafs Monadelphia much better than any of our Engine 
ones, having their filaments manifeftly united into one body ; 
this fpecies has only 7 filaments bearing anthers, but 3 barren 
ones may be difcovered upon a careful examination, whic" 
makes it of the order Decandria. 




JirMoA./A Wutrfir BOanuri^n^n.^'^^* M*& H*l 

[ 21 ] 

Iris Versicolor. Particoloured Iris. 


Clafs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia* 

Generic Character. 

Corolla 6-petala, inaequalis, petalis alternis geniculato- 
patentibus. Stigmata petaliformia, cucullato-bilabiata. Conf. 
Thunb. Dif. de hide. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

IRIS verficohr imberbis foliis enfiformibus, fcapo tereti 
flexuofo, germinibus fubtrigonis. Linn. Syjl. Vegetab. 
ed. 14.. Murr.p. 90. Sp. Plant, ed. 3. p. 57. 

IRIS Americana verficolor ftylo crenato. Dill. Eltk, 18S. 
1. 155. f. 188. 

A native of Virginia, Maryland, and Penfylvania, has a 
perennial root, is hardy, and will thrive in almoft any foil or 
fituation; may be increafed by parting its roots in autumn. • 

Our plant is the pitta of Miller, and the verficolor of Miller 
is, we believe, the fibirica of Linnaeus. 

This fpecies has, for the mod part, a ftalk unufually crooked 
or elbowed, by which it is particularly diftinguiftied. ^ 
flowers in June, as do moft of this beautiful tribe. 

miish d by It • 0*** ****> ( '""' i '" '■""> , " // 

C 22 ] 

flower, Love in a mist, Devil in a Bush. 

Clafs and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cat. nullus. Petala 5. Neclaria 5. trifida, intra corollam. 
Capful a 5 connexae. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

NlGELLA damafcena floribus involucro foliofo cin&is. Linn. 

Syji. Veg. ed. 14. Murr. p. 506. Sp. PL p. 753- 
NlGELLA atigufti folia, flore majore fimplici caeruleo. Bam. 

Pin. 145. 
The great Spanifh Nigella. Park. Parad. p. 287. 

Is an annual, and grows wild among the corn in the fouthern 
parts of Europe ; varies with white and blue flowers, both 
fingle and double. 

" May be propagated by fowing their feeds upon a bed 01 
<f light earth, where they are to remain (for they feldom fuc- 
*' ceed well if tranfplanted); therefore, in order to have them 
" intermixed among other annual flowers in the borders of the 
* Flower Garden, the feeds mould be fown in patches at pro- 
** per diftances: and when the plants come up, they mult be 
ct thinned where they grow too clofe, leaving but three or 
" four of them in each patch, obferving alfo to keep them 
" clear from weeds, which is all the culture they require. Ijj 
u July they will produce their flowers, and their feeds will 
" ripen in Auguft. 

" The feafon for fowing thefe feeds is in March ; but if y° u 
" fow fome of them in Auguft, foon after they are ripe, upon 
" a dry foil and in a warm fituation, they will abide through 
" the winter, and flower ftrong the fucceeding year; ty 
" fowing of the feeds at different times, they may be con- 
" tinued in beauty moft parts of the fummer." Mill** 
Gard. Dicl. ed, 6. 4/0. 


L 23 J 


Cress, or Nasturtium. 
»fri »• »♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦ >' ♦*♦♦♦♦ 

Oafs and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Calyx l-phyllus, calcaratus. Petala 5 in aequalia. 
Bacc<e tres, ficcse. 

Specific Cbaratler and Synonyms. 

TROP^EOLUM majus foliis peltatis fubquinquelobis, pe- 
talis obtufis. Linn. Syji. Vegetab. ed. i4» 
Murr. p. 357. Sp. PL p. 490. 

CARDAMINDUM ampliori folio et majori flore. Grank 
Capucine Tournef. Inji. p. 430. 

The prcfent plant is a native of Peru, and is faid by LiN- 
Nifcus to have been firft brought into Europe in the year 
1684; it is certainly one of the greateft ornaments the Flower 
Garden can boaft : it varies in colour, and is alfo found 11* 
the Nurferies with double flowers. The former, as is well 
known, is propagated by feed; the latter by cuttings, which 
mould be itruck on a hot-bed. To have thefe plants early, 
they mould be raifed with other tender annuals; they ufually 
begin to flower in July, and continue blofToming till the ap- 
proach of winter : the ftalks require to be lupported, for " 
left to themfelves they trail on the ground, overfpread, and 
deftroy the neighbouring plants. 

Elizabeth Christina, one of the daughters of Litf* 
N.£us, is faid to have perceived the flowers to emit fponta- 
neoufly, at certain intervals, fparks like thofe of eleftricitfi 
vifible only in the dulk of the evening, and which ceafed 
when total darknefs came on. 

The flowers have the tafte of water-crefs, with a degree of 
fweetnefs, which that plant does not poflefs, more particularly 
refident in the fpur of the calyx or ncaary ; hence are fome- 
nmes ufed in falads, and hence the plant acquires its name 
of Nafturtium, 

, / 'JJ 




I H ] , 

Agrostemma Coronaria. Rose Cockle, 

or Campion. 

fljtsfc$fr ft 4S ** $*♦#*• * $ » %fi ft *• 

C/3/6 tfffi Order. 
Decakdria Pentagynia. 

Generic Character. 
Calyx l-phyllus, coriaceus. Peiala 5 unguiculata : fiml 
obtufo, indivifo. Cap/, l-locularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

AGROSTJEMMA coronaria toraentofa, foliis ovato-lanceo- 
latis, petalis emarginatis coronatis ferratis, 
Linn. Syft. Vegetab. ed. 14. Murr. p. 435* 
Sp. PL p. 

LYCHNIS coronaria diofcoridis fativa. Bauh. Pin. 203. 

The fingle red Rofe Campion. Parkin/on Parad. p. 252. 

Grows fpontaneoufly in Italy and Siberia; Linn^us informs 
us, that the bioflbm is naturally white, with red in the middle. 
" The (ingle Rofe Campion has been long an inhabitant 01 
" the Englifh gardens, where, by its feeds having fcattered, 
<( it is become a kind of weed. There are three varieties 01 
<f this plant, one with deep red, another with flefh- coloured, 
" and a third with white flowers, but thefe are of fmall efteem, 
" f®r the double Rofe Campion being a finer flower, has turned 
" the others out of mod fine gardens. The fingle forts p'ro- 
*• pagate faft enough by the feeds, the fort with double flowers 
<! never produces any, fo is only propagated by parting of t ne 
(t roots; thebeft time for this is in autumn, after their flowers 
" are pad; in doing of this, every head which can be flipped oe 
" with roots mould be parted ; thefe fhould be planted in a 
c< border of frefh undunged earth, at the diftance of fix inches, 
" obferving to water them gently until they have taken root, 
" after which they will require no more, for much wet is i»j*jj 
" rious to them, as is alfo dung. After the heads are well 
" rooted, they fhould be planted into the borders of *$ 
1 Flower-Garden, where they will be very ornamental during 
" the times of their flowering, which is in July and Auguft* 
Miller's Gard. Dicl. ed. 6. 4/0. 

Miller, by miftake, calls this plant Qelirofa. 

' 24 

tfy TPtbr 

C 25 ] 

Dianthus Chinensis. China or Indian 


♦ ♦ ♦ »< .♦.♦ * $ M f * ♦ ♦ ♦ ■ '♦ * < * M 

Clafs and Order. 
Decandria Digynia. 

Generic Characler. 

Calyx cylindricus, i-phyllus : bafi fquamis 4, PetaU 5, un- 
guiculata. Capfula cylindrica, l-locularis. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

DIANTHUS chinenfis floribus folitariis,/ fquamis calycinis 
fubulatis patulis, tubum aequantibus, corollis 
crenatis. Linn. Syjl. Feg.p.^iS. Sp. PL 588. 

CARYOPHYLLUS finenfis fupinus, leucoji folio, flore 
unico. 'Tournef. aff. 1705. p. 348../. 5* 

This fpecies, unknown to the older Botanifts, is a native of 
China, hence its name of China Pink ; but, in the nurferies, 
it is in general better known by the name of Indian Pink. 

Though it cannot boaft the agreeable fcent of many of its 
congeners, it eclipfes molt of them in the brilliancy of its 
colours ; there are few flowers indeed which can boaft that 
richnefs and variety found among the moll improved varieties 
of this fpecies ; and as tbefe are eafily obtained from feed, fo 
they are found in moft collections, both fingle and double. 

It is little better than an annual, but will fometimes con- 
tinue two years in a dry foil, which it afFefts. 

Attempts have been made to force it, but, as far as we 
have learned, with no great fuccefs. 



^.W JJ~-*4**f~* 

[ 2 5 ] 

Dianthus Chinensis. China or Indian- 

Cta/j «3»i Order. 
Decandria Digynia. 

Generic Charatler. 

Calyx cylindrical* l-phyllus : bafi fquamis 4, Peiafo 5> un« 
guiculata. Capfula cylindrica, 1-locularis. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

DIANTHUS cbinenjis florihus folitariis,' fquamis calycinis 
fubulatis patulis, tubum aequantibus, corolhs 
crcnatis. Linn. Syji. Veg.p. 418. Sp. PL 588. 

CARYOPHYLLUS Bnenfii fupinus, leucoji folio, flore 
unico. Taurnef. aft. 1705. p- 348- /• 5* 

This fpccics, unknown to the older Botanifts, is a native 01 
China, hence its name of China Pink ; but, in the nurferies, 
it is in general better known by the name of Indian Pink. 

Though it cannot boaft the agreeable fcent of many of 1 
it eclipfes molt of them in the brilliancy of us 
colours ; there are few flowers indeed which can boaft tW 
richnefs and variety found among the mod improved vari 
of this fpecies; and as thefe are eafily obtained from feed, 10 
they are found in moft collections, both fingle and double. 

It is little better than an annual, but will fometimes con- 
tinue two years in a dry foil, which it afFe&s. 

Attempts have been made to force it, but, as far as * c 
have learned, with no great fuccefs. 

Rihluhi*brJr&uTif/iotam:rCrarct»riZ^zs>iJ><*AM~arsh JStmerby lUlttfiuif/ 

[ 26 ] 

Stapelia Variegata. Variegated 

•^5 ■}(? ^r <p w v 'jT 'j. 7S ifr^r t^tj. 9p «j» *j^v}. <J> >j« >J» 

CAz/} £»</ Order. 
Pentandria Digynia. 

Generic Character. 
Contorta. Neclarium duplici ftellura tegente genitalia. 

Specific Charatlcr and Synonyms. 

STAPELIA variegata denticulis ramorum patentibus. £,inn. 
Syft. Vegelab. p. 260. Sp. PL p. 316. 

ASCLEPIAS aizoides africana. Bradl.Juc. 3. p. 3. /• 22. 

This very lingular plant is a native of the Cape of Good 
Hope, where it grows and flourifhes on the rocks with the 
Stapelia birfuta. 

If thefe plants be kept in a very moderate ftove in winter, 
and in fummer placed in an airy glafs-cafe where they may 
enjoy much free air, but fcreened from wet and cold, they 
will thrive and flower very well : for although they will live 
in the open air in fummer, and may be kept through the 
winter in a good green-houfe; yet thefe plants will not flower 
fo well as thofe managed in the other way. They muft have 
little water given them, efpecially in winter. 

It is very feldom that the variegata produces feed-veffels in 
this country ; Miller obferves, in upwards of forty years 
that he cultivated it, he never faw it produce its pods but 
three times, and then on fuch plants only as were plunged 
into the tan-bed in the ftove. 

This plant may be propagated without feeds, as it grows 
fall enough from flips ; treatment the fame as that of the 
Creeping Cereus, which fee. 

It takes its name of Stapelia^ from St ape l, a Dutchman, 
author of fome Botanical works, particularly a Defcription of 
Theophrastus's plants. 

. I 21) 

JSawa-fy ctdttjailp JitbUshitbyH'AtnirBot.^uc Gcmtm L wnbtthATanJi 


C 27 ] 

Convolvulus tricolor. Small Convol- 
vulus or Bindweed. 

Oafs and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Corolla campanulata, plicata.« Stigmata 2. Capfula 2-locula- 
ris : loculis difpermis. 

Specific Charafter and Synonyms. 

CONVOLVULUS tricolor foliis lanceolato ovatis glabris, 
caule declinato, floribus folitariis. Linn. 
Syjl. Vegetab. p. 203. Sp. PI. p. 225. 

CONVOLVULUS peregrinus caeruleus, folio oblongo. Baub. 
Pin. 295. Flore triplici colore infignito. 
Morif. bijl. 2. p. 17./. 1. /. 4./. 4* 

The Spanifh Small Blew Bindeweede. Parkin/. Parad. p. 4* 

This fpecies has ufually been called Convolvulus minor by 
gardeners, by way of diftinguifhing it from the Convolvulus 
purpureuSy to which they have given the name of major. If 1S 
a very pretty annual ; a native of Spain, Portugal, and Sicily* 
and very commonly cultivated in gardens. 

The moft ufual colours of its blofToms are blue, white, and 
yellow, whence its name of tricolor: but there is a variety ol 
it with white, and another with ftriped bloflbms. 

The whole plant with us is in general hairy, hence it does 
not well accord with Lin nous's defcription. It is propagated 
by feeds, which mould be fown on the flower-borders in the 
fpring, where the plants are to remain: they require no other 
care than to be thined and weeded. 


Ft/fiti/hrf H /Ti urlie Rcteflu- t;.zritoi3<mil>ttfLjfars/i . 

C 28 ] 

Passiflora ccerulea. Common Passion- 

Clqfs and Order. 
Gynandria Hexandria. 

Generic Charatler. 

Trigyna. Cal. 5-phyllus. Petala 5. Neclarium corona, 
Bacca pedicellata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 
PASSIFLORA caruha foliis palmatis integerrimis- Linn. 

Syfi. Vegetal, p. 823. Sp. PL p. 1360. 
GRANADILLA polyphyllos, fru&u ovato. Tour n. In/}. 241. 
TLOS PASSIONIS major pentaphyllus. Sloan. Jam. 104. 

hijh 1. p. 229. 

The Paflion-Flower firft introduced into this country, was 
tjie incarnata of Li n n m u s, a native of Virginia, and figured by 
Parkinson, in his Paradifus < TerreJlris i who there ftyles it the 
furpaffing delight of all flowers : the prefent fpecies, which, 
from its great beauty and fuperior hardinefs, is now by far 
the moft common, is of more modern introduction ; and, 
though a native of the Brazils, feldom differs from the feverity 
of our climate; flowering plentifully during moft of the fum- 
mer months, if trained to a wall with a fouthern afpecl, and, 
in (ach fituations, frequently producing ripe fruit, of the fize 
and form of a large olive, of a pale orange colour. 

This moft elegant plant may be propagated by feeds, layers, 
or cuttings j foreign feeds are moft to be depended on ; they 
arc to be fown in the fpring, on a moderate hot-bed, and 
when the plants are grown to the height of "two or three 
inches, they are to be carefully taken-up, and each planted in 
a fepcirate fmall pot, filled with good loam, then plunged into 
a moderate hot-bed, to forward their taking new root; after 
which they mould be gradually inured to the common air: 
the younger the plants the more fhelter they require, and if 
ever fo old or ftrong, they are in danger from fevere frofts. 
The layers and cuttings are to be treated in the common way, 
but feedling plants, if they can be obtained, are on many 
accounts to be preferred. 


iitlr&i/t'd a, M<-. 

C 29 ] 

Reseda odorata. Sweet-scented Reseda, 

or Mignonette. 



> $$♦♦»» ♦»»»♦♦ ♦»♦♦♦♦♦ ' 

Cla/s and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. l-phyllus, partitus. Petala laciniata. Cap/, ore dehifcens, 

Specif c Cbaracler and Synonyms. 
RESEDA odorata foliis integris trilobifque, calycibus florem 
sequantibus. Linn. Syjl. Vegetab. p. 449. 

RESEDA foliis integris trilobifque, floribus tetragynis. 

Mill.Difi.t. 217. 

Mignonette grows naturally in Egypt, it was unknown to 
the older Botanifts ; Miller fays, he received the feeds of 
it from Dr. Adrian Van Royen, ProfefTor of Botany at 
Leyden, fo that it is rather a modern inhabitant of our 

The luxury of the pleafure-garden is greatly heightened 
by the delightful odour which this plant diffufes ; and as it 
is mod readily cultivated in pots, its fragrance may be con- 
veyed to the parlour of the reclufe, or the chamber of the 
valetudinarian; its perfume, though not fo refrefhing perhaps 
as that of the SweeuBriar, is not apt to offend on continuance 
the mod delicate olfa&ories. 

Being an annual, it requires to be raifed yearly from feed ; 
when once introduced on a warm dry border, it will continue 
to fow itfelf, and grow very luxuriantly, flowering from June 
to the commencement of winter ; but as it is deferable to 
have it as early as poffible in the fpring, the beft way is either 
to fow the feed in pots in autumn, fecuring them through the 
winter in frames, or in a greenhoufe, or to raife the feeds 
early on a gentle hot-bed, thinning the plants, if they require 
it, fo as to have only two or three in a pot. 

. I 

[ 30 3 



Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. 

Cor. 6-petala, campanulata: linea longitudinali neftarifera- 
Cap/, valvulis pilo cancellato connexis. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

LILIUM ehakedonicum foliis fparfis lanceolatis, floribus rc- 
flexis, corollis revolutis. Linn. Syfi. Vegetab. p. 324. 

LILIUM byzantium miniatum. Bauh. Pin. 78. 

The Red Martagon of Conftantinople. Park. Parad. p. 34* 


This fpecies is beft known in the nurferies by the name of 
the Scarlet Martagon ; but as it is not the Martagon of Lin- 
N/eus, to avoid confufion, it will be moft proper to adhere to 
the name which Linnjeus has given it. 

It is a native not only of Perfia, but of Hungary ; Profef- 
for J acq u in, who has figured it in his moft excellent Flora 
Aujlriaca t defcribes it as growing betwixt Carniola and Carin- 
thia, and other parts of Hungary, but always on the tops of 
the largeft mountains. 

It varies in the number of its flowers, from one to fix, and 
the colour in fome is found of a blood red. 

Authors differ in their ideas of its fmell : Jacquin de- 
scribing it as difagreeable, while Scopoli compares it to 
that of an orange. 

It flowers in June and July ; and is propagated by offsets, 
which it produces pretty freely, and which will grow in almoft 
any foil or fituation. 

The beft time for removing the roots is foon after the leaves 
are decayed, before they have begun to fhoot. 

FmM uAX tr rra i rrirji*tm<- fojrrt*n/.<vn/>'*A JfanrA 

C 31 ] 

Jasminum Officinale. Common Jasmine 
or Jessamine. 

■vjrvs - viC'v,^ *?» Vj^r vjf» '>,«•>,<•■>,<■■?,«" w - #{»• vj. <jS" ^ ^v jj* 1 jp' v,«* 

C/<t/} a«t/ Order. 


Generic Charatler. 
Cor. 5-fida. ifoovz dicocca. «S>«. arillata. Anther* intra tubum. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

JASMINUM oJfoVwfefoliisoppofitis; foliolis £f**« 

6V/?. Vegetab. p. 56. 
JASMINUM vulgatius flore albo. J9tf«/j. P/«. 397. 
Jafmine or Gefmine. Park. Parad. p. 406. 

There is an elegance in the Jafmine which, added to its 
fragrance, renders it an object of univerfal admiration. 

" It grows naturally at Malabar, and in feveral parts of 
•' India, yet has been long inured to our climate, fo as 
** to thrive and- flower extremely well, but never produces 
" any fruit in England. It is eafily propagated by laying 
tf down the branches, which will take root in one year, and 
rt may then be cut from the old plant, and planted where they 
" are defigned to remain: it may alfo be propagated by cut- 
14 tings, which mould be planted early in the autumn, and 
" guarded againft the effe&s of fevere frofts. 

" When thefe plants are removed, they mould be planted 
" either againft fome wall, pale, or other fence, where the 
" flexible branches may be fupported. Thefe plants mould 
•' be permitted to grow rude in the fummer, otherwife ihere 
u will be no flowers ; but after the fummer is paft, the luxu- 
•* riant fhoots mould be pruned off, and the others muft be 
" nailed to the fupport. 

w There are two varieties of this with variegated leaves, 
" one with white, the other with yellow ftripes, but the latter 
" is the moftcommon : thefe are propagated by budding them 
w on the plain Jafmine ; they require to be planted in a warm 
•• fituation, efpecially the white-ftriped, for they are much 
" more tender than the plain, and in very fevere winters 
" their branches fhould be covered with mats or ftraw to pre- 
" vc. ng killed," Miller s Card, DitJ. 

J:jw<rfij dtl^/cj/p. .fitAluA'J iy W.Gtr&r.Hetu 

Zam/irt/t Marj-kjjtfj. 

C 32 ] 

M- : V:'.: v •*: ihi-.m: :. 1) : abrifg-RME. 
Hatch: d Fig-Marigold. 

Oafs and C 


I iraflrr. 

Vat. 5-fui numcrofa, lincaria. Cap/, carnofa, infera, 



•vacaulc, foUil deta- 
il punctatis. L/*». 
r>. 470. 
1 humilis, fohis cornuaccrvi rcferentibus, 
.lislutei- >ra. Br.: I . />. 1 1. /• lO. 

191. /. i 

TtkOUfffa many Latin names of plants, as Geranium, Hepetk** 

are more familiar to :': :nd more gc- 

n their Englifh ones, >t:bemuM t 

thou illy adopt- 

ubtiefs to bt 

Tt* numerous tribe, 1 

bita; hrcc 

ork the 

the fhelar of a com- 
lelvcj to our 
of their fo 
«hc : f their flower of the. 

vourtc I plants with many. 

of Good H< 
and 11 1 particularly dii - leaves fomewhat re- 

fcmbling a batcbet, . is as hardy as moft, 

and 8cm reely, but its bl d in the 

It is vc 

. > "32 

<f<-'<ff>. P/i/>/is/t<f by tr.CiHtijBt>f<rtiir gSanlm MM <■ * ^/^Z 

[ 33 ] 
Aster Tenellus. Bristly-Leav'd Aster, 

■»•» » %4 frfr ^ H* »* $ tt * * $ ♦,* 

C/tf/i rf»d Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia Superflua, 

Generic Character. 

Recept. nudum. Pappus fimplex. Con radii plures 10, 
Gz/. imbricati fquamse inferiores patulae. 

Specific Charafter and Synonyms. 

ASTER tenellus foliis fubfiliformibus aculeato-ciliatis, pe- 
dunculis nudis, calycibus hemifpheericis a^qualibus. 
Linn. Syjl. Vegetab. p. 760. - 

ASTER parvus sethiopicus, chamasmeli floribus, tamarifct 
aegyptiaci foliis tenuiflime denticulatis. Pluk. aim* 
56. /. 271. /. 4. Raii Suppl. 164. n. 84. 

Moft of the numerous fpecies of this genus flower about 
Michaelmas, hence their vulgar name of Michaehnas-Daijy ; 
a name exceptionable hot only on account of its length, but 
from its being a compound word. After, though a Latin 
term, is now fo generally received, that we fhall make no 
apology for adopting it. 

We are indebted to North- America for moft of our Afters, 
but the prefent fpecies, which is omitted by Miller, and is 
rather a fcarce plant in this country, though not of modern 
introdu&ion, being figured by Plukenet and defcribed by 
Ray, is a native of Africa, and, like a few others, requires 
in the winter the fhelter of a greenhoufe. 

It is particularly diftinguifhed by having very narrow leaves 
with fhort briftles on them, and by its bloflbms drooping be- 
fore they open. 

It is a perennial, flowers in September and October, and 
may be propagated by flips or cuttings. 

The plant from whence our drawing was made, came from 
Meffrs. Gordon and Thompson's Nurfery, Mile-End. 


',M,u r/n-JrrJi/f-a'^ r 'amJti*m-f**nJ'M iM J&»»* . 

[ 31 3 
Browallia ILATA, Tall BftOWALLlA* 

Claft and Oi 


Generic CbaraBcr. 

( Cmr. limbus 5-fidus, aequalis, patens: umbi< 

Anthem 2, nujoribus. Cap/'. l-locula: 

:ific CbarafJer and Synonyms. 

BROW W. I pedunculis unitloris multiflorifque. 

/ .p. 571. Sp. PL 880. 


Of ihi* genus there are only two fpecies, both natives of 

. mcrica, the elata % fo called from its being a much 

taller plant than the Jemijfa, is a very beautiful, and not un- 

I grcen-houfe plant ; it is impofiible, by any 

colours we have, to do jufticc to the brilliancy of its flower*. 

HI annual, it require* to be raifed yearly from i 
h mull be town OH a hot-bed in the fpring, and the plant* 
: Ight forward on another, oil they will not pel 

tbeir feedi in thu couDln -.(planted 

into the binders of the flower-garden which ate warmly fittJ- 

ihe feafon prove favourable, they will I! 
and np<-n th ; but, for fecurilys fake, it will be pru- 

de, plants in the (lo. cn-houfc. 

c plants have not been diftin^uifhed, by any pa*"' 
cula: h name, Miller \ .perly ufes its I 

:h (hould as much as poffiblc be adhered 
Ui, .ius is named in honour of a Botanift of 


;/,, P:,/<l,/i.'./n nUhrtis./L 

<ic6anim 7 >* ' 

C 35 ] 
Crepis barbata. Bearded Crepis, or 


j,J.Jii1.J.J.AXi1iiLAAJ.X XiLA*4 


j and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Rccpt. nudum. Cil. calyculatus fquamis deciduis. Pappiu 
plumolu.>, iiipitatus. 

Spei'ie Cbaracler and Synonyms. 

CREPIS bar l\it a involucris calyce longioribus : fquamis 
fetaccis fparfis. Lin. Syfi. Vcgctab. p. 719. 

IIIERAC1UM prolifcrum falcatum. Bauh. Pin. 128. 

HIERACIUM calyce barbato. Col. ecphr. 2. p. 28. /. 27./. 1. 

IIIERACIUM bocticum medio nigro. Herm. Parad. Bat. 
185. /. 185. 

Grows fpontaneoufly in the Couth of France, about Mont- 
r ; alio, in Spain, Italy, Sicily, and clfewhere in the 
ibuth of Europe : is one of the moll common annuals culti- 
vated in Qur gardens. It begins flowering in July, and con- 
tinues to bloubm till the froit lets in. 

Xo other care is necefTary in the cultivation of this fpecies 
than towing the feeds in the fprin^, in little patches, on the 
borders where they are to remain, thinning them if they prove 
too numerous. 

M 1 1. 1. k r calls this fpecies beciica, and improperly defcribes 
the centre of the flower as black, as alio does Herm an I 
in all the fpecimens we have feen, it has evidently been of a 
deep purple colour, or, as L 1 N relies it, alroput- 


fAmrntf «w crjuf,. JhibluhH iry >Yfitrizs,3etank fitrrdsrt 7 \7mfaA Marjti . 

C 36 ] 

■ »»»»»» MMMMM hHhE- 

Clafs and Order. 

Hexandria Monogykia, 

Centric Ch . 
Cor. 6-petala, campanulata: liura longitudinal! ncclarifcra. 
Cap/, valvulis pilo cancellato conne 

Cbarattcr and Synonyms. 
LILIUM / : foliis fparfis, corollis campanulatis 

ctis : intus fcabris. Lin. Sxjl. Vcgclab. p. 324. 
Ja :ujir. t. 226. 

LILIUM purpurco-croceum majus. Daub. Pin. 76. 
LILIUM aureum, the gold red Lily. Park. Farad, p. 37. 

" Hie COOIIBOIl orange or red Lily is as well known in the 
fh gardens as the white Lily, and has been as long 
ft cultivated tWi naturally in Anftria and fone 

" parts of Italy. It multiplies very fait by offsets from the 
" roots, and is now fo common as al mo ft to be rejected j 
" however, in 1 rdeiu thefc mould not be wanting, 

" for they make a good appearance when in flower, if they 
" are properly difpofed ; of this fort there are the following 
" varieties : 

The orange Lily with double flowers. 
Orange Lily with variegated leaves, 
" The fmaller orange Lily. 

" Thefc varieties have been obtained l>v culture, and are 
" preferved in the gardens of florifls. They all flower in 
" June and July, and their (talks decay in September, when 
nay be tianfplantcd and their offsets taken off, 
" which fhould be done once in two or three years, Otherwifc 
" their branches will be too large, and the flower-ftalks 
" weak. This doth not put out new roots till towards fpring, 
" i'o that the roots may be tranfplanted any time after the 
" (talks decay till November. It will thrive in any foil or 
" iituation, but will be ftrongefl in a foft gentle loam, not too 
•' moifi 

Bears the fmoke of London better than many plants. 

Varies with and w uhout bulbs on the ftalks. 




In which thfe Latin Names 
of the Plants contained in 
the Firji Velume^zre. alpha- 
betically arranged. 








2 5 











3 2 


2 9 


Agroftemma Coronaria. 
Anemone Hepatica. 
After tenellus. 
Browallia elata. 
Ca£rus flagelliformis. 
Convolvulus tricolor. 
Coronilla glauca. 
Crepis barbata. 
Cyclamen Cou?n. 
CynoglofTum Omphalodes. 
Dianthus cbinenfis. 
Dodecatheon Meadia. 
Erica herbacea. 
Erythronium Dens Canis. 
Geranium Reichardi. 
Geranium peltatum. 
Helleborus hyemalis. 
Helleborus niger. 
Hemerocallis flava. 
Jafminum officinale. 
Iris perfica. 
Iris pumila. 
Iris variegata. 
Iris verficok>r. 
Lilium chalcedonicum. 
Lilium bnlbiferum. 
Mefembryanthernum dolabri- 

Narciflus minor. 
NarcifTus Jonquv'la. 
Nigella damaicena. 
Paffiflora ccerulea. 
Primula villofa. 
Refeda odorata. 
Rudbeckia purpurea. 
Stapelia variegata. 
Troppeolum n; 










In which the Englifh Names 
of the Plants contained in 
the Firji Volume, are al- 
phabetically arranged. 









3 2 





2 3 






2 5 





After briftly-leav'd. 
Browallia tall. 
Cereus creeping. 
Cockle rofe. 
Coronilla fea-green. 
Convolvulus fmall. 
Crepis bearded. 
Cyclamen round-leav'd. 
Daffodil lefl'er. 
Day-lily yellow. 
Dodecatheon Mead's. 
Fennel-flower garden. 
Fig-marigold hatchet-Ieav'd. 
Geranium dwarf. 
Geranium ivy-leav'd. 
Heath herbaceous. 
Hellebore black. 
Hellebore winter. 
Jafmine common. 
Jndian-crefs greater. 
Jonquil common. 
Iris dwarf. 
Iris particoloured. 
Iris perfian. 
Iris variegated. 
Lily chakedonian. 
Lily orange. 
Navel-wort blue. 
Pafiion flower common. 
Pink china. 
Primula mountain. 
Refeda fweet-fcented. 
Rudbeckia purple. 
Stapelia variegated. 


Botanical Magazine; 

O R, 

Flower - Garden Difplayed : 

The mod Ornamental Foreign Plants, cultivated in the 
Open Ground, the Green- Houfe, and the Stove, are ac- 
curately reprefented in their natural Colours. 


Their Names, Clafs, Order, Generic and Specific Characters, according 

to the celebrated LinnjEU6 ; their Places of Growth, and 

Times of Flowering: 




Intended for the Ufe of fuch Ladies, Gentlemen, and Gardeners, as 
wifh to become fcientifically acquainted with the Plants they cultivate. 


Author of the Flora Londinensis, 

" FloweVs, the fole luxury which nature knew, 
" In Eden's pure and guiltlcfs garden grew. 
" To loftier forms are rougher talks affign'd ; 
" The fhcltering oak refills the ftormy wind, 
" The tougher yew repels invading foes, 
' " And the tall pine for future navies grows ; 
" But this foft family to cares unknown, 
" Were born for pleafure and delight alone. 
" Gay without toil, and lovely without art, 
" They.lpring to cheer the fenfe and glad the heart." 

Mrs. Barbaulb. 


Printed by Couchman and Fry, Throgmorton-Street, 

For W. CURTIS, N° 3, St. George' s-Crefcatt, Black-Friars-Road; 

And Sold by the principal Bookfellers in Great-Britain and Ireland. 


C 37 ] 
Chironia frutescens. Shrubby Chironia. 

^(S 7>"V,» TR-VjS /i* •■»».» •,» >,v" y.V V; Tijfc V,* •* <» «,» >J» TflT 

C/rf/jr <w_? Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cor. rotata. Piftillum declinatum. Stamina tubo corollae in- 

fidentia. Anther* demum fpirales. Peric. 2-loculare. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

CHIRON I Afrutcfcens, foliis lanceolatis fubtomentofis, caly- 

cibus campanulatis. Lin. Syft. Vegetal, p. 229. 

CENTAURIUM foliis binis oppofitis anguftis Jinearibus, 

flore magno rubente. Burm. Afric. 205. 

t *• n-k- *- 

Of the genus Chironia, ten fpecies are enumerated in 
Prof. Murray's laft edition of the Syji. Vegetab. of Linn ^us, 
exclufive of the Chironia Ccntaurium which we firft added to 
this genus in the42d number of the Flora Londinenfis. 

Of thefe, the frutefcens is the molt ftiewy, and therefore 
the moft cultivated. 

It is a native of different parts of Africa. 

The flowers are produced from June to autumn, and the 
feeds ripen in October. This plant ftiould be placed in an 
airy glafs cafe in winter, where it may enjoy a dry air, and 
much fun, but will not thrive in a warm {love, nor can it 
be well preferved in a common greenhoufe, becaufe a damp 
moi(t air will foon caufe it to rot. 

The feed of this plant fhould be fown in fmall pots filled 
with light fandy earth, and plunged into a moderate hot-bed; 
fometimes the feeds will lie a long time in the ground ; fo that 
if the plants do not appear the fame feafon, the pots mould 
not be difturbed, but preferved in fhelter till the following 
fpring, and then plunged into a frefli hot-bed, which will 
bring up the plants in a fhort time if the feeds are good. 
When the plants are fit to remove, they mould be transplanted 
into fmall pots, four or five in each pot, then plunged into a 
moderate hot-bed, where they muft have a large fhare of air 
in warm weather ; when they have obtained fome ftrengtn, 
they mult be gradually inured to the open air; when expoied 
abroad, they fhould be mixed with fuch plants as require little 
water, placed in a warm fituation, and fcrecned from heavy 
rains, which are apt to rot them. The cuttings of this fort 
will take root if property managed. Millers Gcrd. Diet. 

. J 

TttbUsh </ kf wautLrttotamc Garden / m> i&dhMaKm 

C 38 ] 

Viburnum Tinus. Common Laurustinus. 

*> *V »V ■*!* *V SV Vjf K*/ v# \^ •»*'*■'' <' *v >'*.>'•*. >'t .> V -.-5''t. 
>,* V^">A*^i 1|V>.V >>">;* "V.O* •> rf> ^* V,* *> *y» «* ^ A> 

Ck/jr #//</ Order. 
Pentandria Trigynia. 

Generic Qoaracler. 
Calyx 5-partitus, fuperus. Cor. 5-fida. Bacca l-fperma. 

Specific CharaBer and Synonyms. 

VIBURNUM Tinus foliis integerrimis ovatis: ramificationibus 
venarum fubtus villofo-glandulolis. Lin. Syft. 
Vcgetab. p. 294. 

LAURUS fylveftrfs, cjrni fasminas foliis fubhirfutis. Baub. 
Pin. 461. 

The wild Bay-tree. Park. Parad. p. 400. 

We fcarcely recollecl a plant whofe blofToms arc fo hardy 
as thofe of the Lauruftinus, they brave the inclemency of our 
winters, and are not deftroyed but in very Severe fcafons. 

The beauties of this molt charming fliruh can be enjoyed 
by thofe only who cultivate it at fome little diitance from 
town, the fmoke of London being highly detrimental to its 
It is a native of Portugal, Spain, and Italy. 
Botanifts enumerate many varieties of the Lauruftinus, and 
fo confidcrably do fome of thefe differ, that Miller has been- 
induced to make two fpecies of them, which he diftinguilhcs 
by the names of Virburnum Tinus and V. lucidum ; the lait 
of thefe is the mod ornamental, and at the fame time the molt 
tender; there are fome other trifling varieties, belides thole, 
with variegated leaves, or the gold and lilver-itriped. 

It is only in very favourable fituations that thefe flirubs 
ripen their feeds in England, hence they are moil commonly 
propagated by layers, which readily ftrike root: Mi; 
lays, that the plants raifed from feeds are hardier than thole 
produced from layers. 

It thrives belt in flieltered fituati-ons am} a dry foil, 

fuMth'd h firfurtv. &W £***. /<*»*<** M°* h 

proportions, is found to be a proper compoft for the Carnation.. 
Care fhould be taken that no worms, grubs, or other infe&s, 
be introduced with the dung; to prevent this, the dung, when 
fifted fine, mould be expofed to the rays of the fun, on a hot 
fummer's day, till perfectly dry, and then put by in a box for 
ufe ; ftill more to increafe the luxuriance of the plants, water 
it in the fpring and fummer with an infufion of fheep's dung. 

The Carnation is propagated by feeds, layers, and pipings; 
new varieties can only be raifed from feed, which, however, 
is fparingly produced from good flowers, becaufe the petals 
are fo multiplied as nearly to exclude the parts of the fructi- 
fication effential to their production. 

" The feed muft* be fown in April, in pots or boxes, very 
w thin, and placed upon an Eaft border. 

"In July, tranfplant them upon a bed in an open fituation, 

* at about four inches afunder; at the end of Auguft tranfplant 
w them again upon another bed, at about ten inches afunder, 
" and there let them remain till they flower : fhade them till 
" they have taken root, and in very fevere weather in winter, 

* cover the bed with mats over fome hoops. 

" The following fummer they will flower, when you muft 

* mark fuch as you like, make layers from, and pot them." 
Ellis's Gardener s Pocket Calendar. 

The means of increafing thefe plants by layers and pipings, 
are known to every Gardener. 

Such as wifh for more minute information concerning the 
culture, properties, divifions, or varieties, of this flower, than 
the limits of our Work will admit, may confult Miller's Gard. 
Diet, or the Florifis Catalogues* 

C 39 ] 
Franklin's Tartar 

A Scarlet Bizarre Carnation, 

The Carnation here exhibited is a feedling raifed by- 
Mr. Franklin, of Lambeth-Marfh, an ingenious cultivator 
of thefe flowers, whofe name it bears : we have not figured 
it as the moft perfeci flower of the kind, either in form or 
fize, but as being a very fine fpecimen of the fort, and one 
whofe form and colours it is in the power of the artift pretty 
exactly to imitate. 

The Dianthus Caryophyllus or wild Clove is generally con- 
fidercd as the parent of the Carnation, and may be found, if 
not in its wild ftate, at leaft fingle, on the walls of Rochefter 
Caftle, where it has been long known to flourifh, and where 
it produces two varieties in point of colour, the pale and 
deep red. 

Flowers which are cultivated from age to age are continually 
producing new varieties, hence there is no ftaudard as to 
name, beauty, or perfection, amongft them, but what is perpe- 
tually fluctuating ; thus the red Hulo, the blue Hulo, the greateji^ 
Granado, with feveral others celebrated in the time of 
Parkinson, have long fince been configned to oblivion; 
and it is probable, that the variety now exhibited, may, in a 
few years, fharc a fimilar fate; for it would be vanity in us to 
fuppofe, that the Carnation, by affiduous culture, may not, in 
the eye of the Florift, be yet confiderably improved. 

To fucceed in the culture of the Carnation, we mud ad- 
vert to the fituation in which it is found wild, and this is 
obferved to be dry and elevated ; hence exceffive moifture is 
found to be one of the greateft enemies this plant has to en- 
counter; and, on this account, it is found to fucceed better, 
when planted in a pot, than in the open border ; becaufe in 
the former, any fuperfluous moifture readily drains off; but, 
in guarding againft too much wet, we mult be careful to avoid 
the oppofite extreme. 

To keep any plant in a ftate of great luxuriance, it is ne- 
ceffary that the foil in which it grows be rich ; hence a mixture 
of light loam, and perfectly rotton horfe or cow dung, in equal 


' ' ■" & 



Tiiblifhd bv ftrfdrtu Ji. t/iManh . f ***,*•* ' 

[ 40 ] 
Trillium sessile. Sessile Trillium. 

» and Or 


C > . g-peUla. . , (ocularis. 

TK II I.II'M Core fcffili n-nt... / :ab. p. 349- 

PARIS foliis ternatiftj florefeffil ►. Grwr. 

MH.AMM triphyllufn, t ... . aim. 352./. m.f, o. 

. . . 

Of this genus there arc three fpecics, all of which arc na- 
h-America, and defcribed by Miller, it 
1 the genus is called American Herb 

a the I\;ris and Trillium, though fomewhat fimilar 
in the flyle of their foliage, are very different in their parts 
of fruditkationj we have thought it ntoft expedient to ;i 
i- ifc Trillium, it being to the full as cafily pronounced as 
-, and many other Latin names now familiar to the 
lifh ear. 
ia fpecies takes it trivial name of fcjfile, from the flowers 
<> footllalk, but fitting as it were immediately on the 
end vt~ the {talk. 

Tl here exhibited was taken from a plant which 

red in my garden laft fpring, from roots lent me the prc- 

Mi. Robert Squib*, Gardener, of 

1 Hefton, 5 na, who is not only well vcrlcd in 

plants, but ind te in difcovering and collecting the 

, and with which the gardens 
of this are likely loon to be en: 

l{ ns, m a light foil, and requires 

the 1 ittnentasthe tmtm 

I had a fair opportunity of obferving "whether 

this : pens its feeds with us : though of as long ftand- 

:i this country as the D* ., it is far lefs common; 

e one is led to conclude that it is either not fo readily 

propagated, or moi deftroyed. 

. / 10 

Fubhsh d b V WCurtuPotame(koximlajrU>ethUarsh 

C 4i ] 

Calceolaria pinnata. Pinnated 
Slipper- wort. 

Clafs and Order. 


Generic Characler. 

Cor. ringens inflata. Caps. 2-locularis, 2-valvis. Cal. 4-partitus 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

CALCEOLARIA pinnata foliis pinnatis. Lin. Syjl. Vegetal, 
p. 64. 

CALCEOLARIA foliis fcablof*e vulgaris. Fezvill Peruv. 3, 
/. 12. fig. 7. 

There being no Englifh name to this plant, we have adopted 
that of Slipper-zvort, in imitation of Calceolaria^ which is de- 
rived from CalceohiSy a little fhoe or flipper. 

This fpecies of Calceolaria is one of the many plants intro- 
duced into our gardens, fince the, time of Miller: it is an 
annual, a native of Peru, and, of courfe, tender : though by 
no means a common plant in our gardens, it is as eafily raifed 
from feed as any plant whatever. Thefe are to be fown on a 
gentle hot-bed in the fpring ; the feedlings, when of a proper 
fizc, are to be tranfplanted into the borders of the flower- 
garden, where they will flower, ripen, and fcatter their feeds; 
but being a fmall delicate plant, whofe beauties require a clofe 
infpeclion, it appears to moll advantage in a tan ftove, in 
which, as it will grow from cuttings, it may be had to flower 
all the year through, by planting them in fucceflion. 

This latter mode of treatment is ufed by Mr. Hoy, Gardener 
to his Grace af Northumberland, at Sion-Houfe, where this 
plant may be feen in great perfection, 


Pubtish d by.WOirOj, Botanic 6cuvlen£ambeth Marjh 

Reprefentations of this flower are frequently met with in 
Chinefe paintings. 

With us, the Camellia is generally treated as a ftove plant, 
and propagated by layers ; it is fometimes placed in the 
greenhoufe ; but it appears to us to be one of the propereft 
plants imaginable for the confervatory. At fome future time 
it may, perhaps, not be uncommon to treat it as a Laurufiinus 
or Magnolia: the high price at which it has hitherto been fold, 
may have prevented its being hazarded in this way. 

The bloffoms are of a firm texture, but apt to fall off long 
before they have loft their brilliancy; it therefore is a practice 
with fome to flick fuch deciduous bloffoms on fome frefh bud, 
where they continue to look well for a confiderable time. 

Petiver confidered our plant as a fpecies of Tea tree; 
future observations will probably confirm hi? conjecture. 

C 4* ] 

Camellia Japonica. Rose Camellia, 

•JHJHfe * ♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ft ♦,&♦!♦ ♦ 

Clafs and Order. 


Generic Qjaraflcr. 
Cjlyx imbricatus, polyphyllus: foljolis interioribus majoribus. 

Specific Cbaratler and Synonyms, 

CAMELLIA japonic* foliis acute ferratis acuminatis. Lin. 
Syjl. Vegeitib. cd. 1 4. p. 632. ^hunberjr E. 
Japon, t. 273. 

TSUBAKI Kempfcr Am<en. 850. /. 851. 

ROSA chinenfis. Ed. av. 2. p. 67. /. 67. 

THEA chinenfis pimentae jamaicenfis folio, flore rofeo. 
Pet. Gaz. /. 33. Jig. 4. 

This mod beautiful tree, though long fince figured and 
defcribed, as may be feen by the above fynonyms, was a 
Granger to our gardens in the time of Miller, or at leaft it 
is not noticed in the laft edition of his Dictionary. 

It is a native both of China and Japan. 

Thunberg, in his Flora Japonica , defcribes it as growing 
every where in the groves and gardens of japan, where it 
becomes a prodigioufly large and tall tree, highly efteemed by 
the natives for the elegance of its large and very variable 
blofloms, and its evergreen leaves; it is there found with 
fingle and double flowers, which alfo are white, red, and 
purple, and produced from April to Oftobcr. 


1 %2 

iKM'h.ity Wa<r*SrBo<unic tiardm . Z<mJ--*t J6w*- 

C 43 1 


•^4- fr fr i»frMMM ♦♦♦♦♦♦ 

Oafs and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Corolla 5-petala. Calyx 5-phyllus, foliolis duobus minori- 
bus. Capful a. 

Specific Character and Synonyms, 

CISTUS incanus arborefcens exftipulatus, foliis fpatulatis 
tomentofis rugofis inferioribus baft connatis vagi- 
nantibus. Lin. Syjl. Vegetal, p. 497. 

CISTUS mas anguftifolius. Baub. Pin. 464. 

Few plants are more admired than the Ciftus tribe ; they 
have indeed one imperfection, their petals foon fall off : this 
however is the lefs to be regretted, as they in general have a 
great profufion of flower-buds, whence their lols is daily fup- 
plied. They are, for the molt part, inhlbitants of warm cli- 
mates, and affeel dry, dickered, though not fhady, fituations. 

The prcfent fpecies is a native of Spain, and the fouth of 
France, and being liable to be killed by the ieverity of our 
winters, is generally kept with green-houfe plants. 

It may be propagated either by feeds, or cuttings ; the for- 
mer make the bell plants. 

* I 

"»y M. ttji^p. IWiiekd fy W.Gatif, Botanic Ga'den Xamboh JJanr/i . 

*[ 44 ] 

Cyclamen persicum. Persian Cyclamen. 

A A A_A A A ib A J» «». «■< A A A A A A A vv 
•>,>■*■,*• ?j«-7.>;-v ) 'r V *i* ^! c ift?^ *r *P 1* ™ vW 


Clafs and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. 


Corolla rotata, reflexa, tubo breviflimo : fauce prominente. 
Bacca tecla capfula* 

Specific Characler^ 
CYCLAMEN perficum foliis cordatis ferratis. Millers DicJ. 
4/0. cd. 6. 

Linnjeus in this, as in many other genera, certainly makes 
too few fpecies, having only two; Miller, on the contrary, 
is perhaps too profufe in his number, making eight. The 
afcertaining the precife limits of fpecies, and variety, in plants 
that have been for a great length of time objects of culture, is 
often attended with difficulties fcarcely to be furmounted, is 
indeed a Gordian Knot to Botaniits. 

Ourplant is the Cyclamen perficum of Miller, and has been 
introduced intooUr gardens long iince the European ones; be- 
ing a native of the Eaft-IndieSj it is ofcourfe more tender than 
the others, and therefore requires to be treated more in the 
ityle of a green-houfe plant. 

It is generally cultivated in pots, in light undunged earth, 
or in a mixture of loam and lime rubbifh, and kept in frames, 
or on the front fheif of a green-houfe, where it may have 
plenty of air in the fummer, but guarded againft too much 
moilture in the winter. 

May be raifed from feeds in the fame manner as the round- 
leaved Cyclamen already figured in this work, p. n. 4. 

Flowers early in the fpring, and is admirably well adapted 
to decorate the parlour or ftudy. 

Varies with fragrant flowers, and the eye more or lefs red. 

. ' 44 

fub&hdfo- WG**miktm*6ar<imZ****M»** ■ 

[ 45 ] 
Crocus vernus. Spring Crocus. 

Clafs and Order. 
Triandria Mon.ogynia. 

Generic Charatler. 
Corolla 6-partita, aequalis. Stigmata convoluta. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 
CROCUS vermis foliis latioribus margine patulo. J-^cq. Fl. 

Auftr. Vol. 5. app. t. 36. Lin. Syjl. Vegetab.p. 83. 

var. fativ. 
CROCUS vernu,s latifolius. Batik* Pin. 65, 66. 
The Yellow Crocus. Parkin/. Parad. p. 166. 

Linnaeus confiders the Crocus, or Saffron of the fhops, 
which blows invariably in the autumn, and the fpring Crocus, 
with its numerous varieties (of which Parkinson, in his 
Garden of Pleafant Flowers, enumerates no lefs than twenty- 
feven) as one and the fame fpecies : other Botanjfts have 
confidered them asdiftincl:, particularly Prof. J acqu in, whofe 
opinion on this fubjeft we deem the moft decilive. 

We have figured the yellow variety, which is the one moft 
commonly cultivated in our gardens, though according to the 
defcription in the Flora Auftriaca, the Crocus vernus, in its wild 
ftate^ is ufually purple or white. 

The cultivation of this plant is attended with no difficulty; 
in a light fandy loam, and dry fituatioo, the roots thrive, and 
multiply fo much as to require frequent reducing; they ufually 
flower about the beginning of March, and whether planted in 
rows, or patches, on the borders of the flower garden, or 
mixed indifcriminately with the herbage of the lawn, when 
expanded by the warmth of the fan, they produce a molt 
brilliant and exhilirating effect. 

The moft mifchievous of all our common birds, the fparrow, 
is very apt to commit great depredations amongft them when 
in flower, to the no fmall mortification of thole who delight 
in their culture; we have fucceeded in keeping thele birds off, 
by placing near the objeel; to be preferved, the (kin of a cat 
properly fluffed : a live cat, or lome bird of the hawk kind 
confined in a cage, might perhaps anfwer the purpofe more 
effectually, at leait in point of duration. 


Pubtohd h' m&rtit. Br tame C^mimJamlietft Month. 

C 46 ] 

LeUcojum vernum. Spring Snow-Flake. 

Clafs and Order. 

Hexandria Monocynia. 

Generic Cbaracler. 

Corolla campaniformis, 6-partita, apicibus incraffata, Stigma 


Specific Cbaracler and Synonyms. 

LEUCOJl'M :ernum fpatha uniflora, ftylo clavato. Lin. 

S\fi. Vegetal, p. 316. 
LEUCOJUM bulbofum vulgarc. Bauh. Pin. 55. 
The great early bulbous Violet. Park. Parad. 

The bloflbms of the LetutjwM and Galantbus, or Snow- Drop, 
are very fimilar at firft fight, but differ very eflentially when 
nined; the Snow-Drop having, according to the Linnsean 
defeription, a three-leaved ncclary, which is wanting in the 
Leucojum; the two genera then being very diftinft, it becomes 
Saury to give them different names \ we have accordingly 
bellowed on the Leucojum the name of Snozv-FIake, which, 
while it denotes its affinity to the Snow-Drop, is not inappli- 
cable to the meaning of Leucojum. 

As the rpring Snow -Flake does not increafe fo fall by its 
roots, as the Snow-Drop, or even the fummer Snow-Flake, 
fo it is become much fcarcer in our gardens; it may, indeed, 
be almoft conlidered as one of our plamtse rariores, though at 
the tame time a very defirable one. 

It does not flower fo foon by almoft a month, as the Snow- 
pj but its bloffoms, which arc ufually one on each foot-ftalk, 
fometimea two, arc much larger, and delightfully fragrant. 

It ia (bund wild in fhady places and moift woods in many 
parts of Germany and Italy. The moft proper fituation for it 
is a north or call border, foil a mixture of loam and bog earth; 
but by having it in different afpetts, this, as well as other 
plants, may have its flowering forwarded or protra&ed, and, 
consequently, the pleafure of feeing them in bloflbm, confi- 
bly lengthened. 

In a favourable foil and fituation, it propagates tolerably 

fait b) oilaet;-. 

^!' 40 

Hiblith d fir WCuittsliotzuuc GanUnLombethXmtb 

C 47 ] 

Amaryllis formosissima. Jacobean 

•si' AjMjlLjlLJiLJlt,„x'&...''~Jt..!}t..y'i.,yi >'-i.,.j2<l,>5s •&.. 
^1* V^?» ''!• w vs^yj* v> •,* /o. v.* *,» <^» Jp <;\ v,» vjtvs» <p 

C/^/i #»*/ Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 
Corolla 6-petala, campanulata. Stigma trifidum. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 
AMARYLLIS formofijfima fpatha uniflora, corolla inaequali 
petalis tribus, ftaminibuspiftilloque declinatis. 
Lin. Syfl. Vegetab. p. 320. 
LILIO-NARCISSUS jacobaeus, flore fanguineo nutante. 

Dillen. elth. 195. /. 162./. 196. 
The Indian Daffodil with a red flower. Park. Par. 71./. 3. 

A native of South-America: according to Linnaeus, firft 
known in Europe in 1593, figured by Parkinson in 1629, and 
placed by him among the Daffodils ; floves and green-houfes 
were then unknown, no wonder therefore it did not thrive long. 

" Is now become pretty common in the curious gardens in 
" England, and known by the name of Jacobaea Lily; the 
" roots fend forth plenty of offsets, efpecially when they are 
" kept in a moderate warmth in winter; for the roots of this 
<c kind will live in a good green-houfe, or may be preferved 
" through the winter under a common hot-bed frame; but 
** then they will not flower fo often, nor fend out fo many 
" offsets as when they are placed in a moderate flove in 
w winter. This fort will produce its flowers two or three 
" times in a year, and is not regular to any feafon; but from 
<f Ma,rch to the beginning of September, the flowers will be 
" produced, when the roots are in vigour. 

" It is propagated by offsets, which may be taken off every 
" year; the bell time to fhift and part thefe roots is in Ayguft, 
" that they may take good root before winter; in doing of 
" this, there fhould be care taken not to break off the fibres 
" from their roots. They fhould be planted in pots of a 
" middling fize, filled with light kitchen-garden earth; and, if 
H they are kept in a moderate degree of warmth, they will 
" produce their flowers in plenty, and the roots will make 
" great increafe." Miller's Card. Dicl. 


C 48 ] 

Narcissus triandrus. Reflex kd 

$ x%- JhJhMe- & ■$ • x- -:>-;> ■£- ■♦ 4H|l $#$ 

C/tf/} <z»i/ Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charaa 
Petala fex, eequalia. Neclario infundibuliformi, i-phyllo, 
Stamina intra neclarium. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 
NARCISSUS triandrus fpatha fub-biflora, floribus ccrnuis, 

pctalis refiexis, ftaminibus tribus longioribus. 
NARCISSUS triandrus fpatha fub-uniflora, neftario campa- 
nulato crcnato dimidio pctalis brcviorc, ita- 
minibus ternis. Lin. Syft. Vegetal. p. 317. 
NARCISSUS juncifolius, albo fiorc rcflexo. Cluf. cvp. alt. 

The yellow turning Junquilia, or Rufh Daffodil. Parkin). 
Par ad. 93. jig. 2, 3. 

The prefent fpecies of Narciffus is confidered by the Nurfery- 
vnen near London as the triandrus of Linnaus, which it no 
doubt is, though it does not accord in every particular with 
his description : his triandrus is white, ours is pale yellow, but 
colour is not in the leaft to be depended on, for it is found to 
vary in this as in all the other fpecies; his triandrus he defcribes 
as having in general only three ftamina, whence the name he 
has given it; ours, fo far as we have obferved, has conftantly 
fix, three of which reach no further than the mouth of the 
tube, a circumftance fo unufual, that Li n N£us might overlook 
it without any great impeachment of his difcernment; he fays, 
indeed, that it has fometimes fix: perhaps, the three lowermoft 
ones may, in fome inftances, be elongated i'o as to equal the 
others ; if he had obferved the great inequality of their length, 
be would certainly have mentioned it. 

This Ipccies is found wild on the Pyrencan mountains; was 
an inhabitant of our gardens in the time of Parkinson (who 
has very accurately defcribed it, noticing even its three ftamina) 
to which, however, it has been a itranger for many years : it 
has lately been re-introduced, but is as yet very fcarce. Our 
figure was taken from a fpecimen which flowered in Mr. Lee's 
Nurfery at Hammerfmith. 

It grows with as much readinefs as any of the others of the 
genus, and flowers in March and April. 

1. ' ' /A 

Fubtiefcdby W&rtLrJiotmiic OardenXambahifarsh. 

[ 49 ] 


4 $ $ ft if, % 4 ftjfc fr ft % ft ft-ft-ftft-ft fc 

Clafs and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Corolla campanulata, lacero-multifida. Cap/, l-locularis, apice 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 
SOLDANELLA alpina. Lin. Syft. Vegeiab. p. 194. 
SOLDANELLA alpina rotundifolia. Bauh. Pin. 295. 

Of this genus there is at prefent only one known fpecies, the 
alpina here figured, which is a native of Germany, and, as its 
name imports, an alpine plant 

Its bloffoms are bell-fhaped, of a delicate blue colour, 
fometimes white, and ftrikingly fringed on the edge. 

It flowers ufually in March, in the open ground ; requires, 
as moil alpine plants do, made and moifture in the fummer, 
and the fhelter of a frame, in lieu of its more natural covering 
fnow, in the winter ; hence it is found to fucceed beft in a 
northern afpefl : will thrive in an open border, but is more 
commonly kept in pots. 

May be increafed by parting its roots early in autumn. 



fubtehd tv K&rtu^Botani.- trtr&n. 7,amfinAJf~**- 

C 50 ] 

Iris sibirica. Siberian Iris. 

A A A J» A A \U vv v* vr A A .<$* J> K A «l » «b._«,V 

•55* t^» Tyr v,« w v t c v,r v> «.» *> •,-» ipTj; <s»^vrV| [ »^jcv i <» Sijr 

C/tf/Jr *?#</ Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 6-petala, inaequalis, petalis alternis geniculato-patentibus. 
Stigmata petaliformia, cucullato-bilabiata. 'Thunb. Dijf. de 

Specific Character arid Synonyms. 

IRIS fibirica imberbis foiiis linearibus, fcapo fubtrifloro tereti, 
germinibus trigonis. Lin. Syft. Vegetab. p. 91. 

IRIS pratenfis anguftifolia, non foetida altior. Bauh. Pin. 32. 

IRIS bicolor. Millers Diet, ed. 6, ±to. ? 

The greater blue Flower-de-luce with narrow leaves. 
Parkin/. Par ad. p. 185. fig. 2. 

This fpecies of Iris is a native of Germany and Siberia, 
and is diftinguilhed from thofe ufually cultivated in our 
gardens by the fuperior height of its Items, and the narrow- 
nefs of its leaves ; from which laft character it is often, by 
miftake, called graminea ; but the true graminea is a very 
different plant. 

The Iris fibirica is a hardy perennial, and will thrive in 
almoft any foil or fituation ; but grows molt luxuriantly in a 
moift one, and flowers in June. 

Is propagated moft readily, by parting its roots in autumn. 

PuUvhdbyW.Otrtufiotanic Oard&ilaTnbeth Marsh. 

C 5* ] 

Narcissus major. Great Daffodil. 

C/j/i d»<i Order. 

lli.\.\NDRIA MoNOOYM 1 A . 

/V/wAj 6 equalia : A infuodibuliformi, i-phyllo. Sta- 

mina intra nc&arium. 

Specific Cbaracler and Synonyms. 

NARCISSUS Mpr foliis fubtortuofis, fpatha uniflora, nec- 
t.u to f.impanulatopatulocrifpo acquantc pctala. 

NARCISSUS ww/ar totus Uncus calycc praelongo. Baubin 

% A* 5 2 - 

NARCISSI fylveftris alia icon. Dodon. Stirp. p. 227. 

The great yellow Spanifh Baftard Daffodil. Parkin/. Parad. 
t. ioi.J> 

The prefent fpecics of Daffodil is the largeft of the genus, 
and bears the mod magnificent flowers, but, though it has long 
been known in this country, it is confined rather to the gardens 
of the curious, 


It is a native of Spain, and flowers with us in April. As its 
roots produce plenty of offsets, it is readily propagated. 

It approaches in its general appearance very near to the 
fus P/c;. {Tus t but differs in being a much taller 

plant, hiving its leaves more twilled, as well as more glaucous, 
its flowers (but cfpecially its NeCfcary) much target, and its 
petals more fpreading; and thefe characters are not altered 
by culture. 

It anfwers to the hicolcr of L1MXAUI in every refpeft but 
colour, and wc fhould have adopted that name, had not the 
flowers with us been always of a fine deep yellow; we have 
therefore taken Bauius's name as the moil expreflive. 

It varies with double flowers. 


J'uA'it/id M H~ /'tertts , Setimn- (rardsn Ztvr>t>/t/l MaKrh . 

[ 52 ] 

Gentiana Acaulif Large-Flowered 
Gentian, or Gentianella. 

**%% • * * ■ * ♦ ♦ *: < E4 &$ ♦ ♦ ft ♦ ■ %■ 

CZo/s and Order. 
Pentandria Digynia. 

Generic Character. 

Corolla monopetala Capfula bivalvis, i-locularis. Receptaculis 

Specific Charafler and Synonyms. 

GENTIANA acaulis corolla quinquefida campanulata caulem 
excedente. Linn. Syfl. Vegetab. p. 267. 

GF.YTIANA alpina latifolla magno flore. Banh. Pin. 187. 

Small Gentian of the Spring. Park,. Par. p. 352. t. 351-/. 3» 

Plants growing in mountainous fituations, where they are 
conftantly expofed to flrong-blowing winds, are always 
dwarfifh; in fuch fituations, the prefent plant has no ftalk, 
whence its name acaulis, but cultivated in gardens it acquires 

Moft of the plants of this family are beautiful, and, cultivated 
in gardens, in brilliancy of colour none exceed the prefenc 

As moft Alpine plants do, this loves a pure air, an elevated 
fituation, and a loamy foil, moderately moid ; it is however 
fomewhat capricious, thriving without the leaft care in fbme 
gardens, and not fucceeding in others ; at any rate it will not 
profper very near London. 

It flowers nfually in May, and fometimes in the autumn. 

Is propagated by parting its roots at the clofe of fummer ; 
but Miller fays, the ftrongeft and belt plants are produced 
from feed. 

I I *J1 

FUbErkdh JrOufi, Ikhmi.Onnf,?/ f.m»/><r/> Ifc,*/, 

L 53 ] 

Cineraria Lanata. Woolly Cineraria, 

Clafs and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia Superflua. 

Generic Character, 

Receptaculum nudum. Pappus fimplex. Calyx fimplex, poly- 
phyllus, aequalis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

CINERARIA lanata caule fuffruticofo, foliis fubquinque- 
lobis, fubtus tomentofis; foliolis ad pedun- 
culos lanatis. 

In the beauty of its bloffoms, this fpecies of Cineraria, lately 
introduced from Africa, by far cclipfes all the others culti- 
vated in our gardens ; its petals exteriorly are of a moft vivid 
purple, interiorly white; this change of colour adds much to 
the brilliancy of the flower. 

What renders this plant a more valuable acquisition to the 
green-houfe, is its hardinefs, its readinefs to flower, and the 
facility with which it may be propagated. 

It flowers early in the fpring, and, by proper management, 
may be made to flower the whole year through ; it is fome- 
times kept in the ftove, and may be made to flower earlier by 
that means ; but it fucceeds better in a common green-houfe, 
with no more heat than is jutt neceflary to' keep out the froft, 
indeed it may be preferved in a common hot-bed frame through 
the winter, unlefs the weather prove very fevere. 

Certain plants are particularly liable to be infefted with 
Aphides, or, in the vulgar phrafe, to become loufy, {his is one : 
the only way to have handfome, healthy > ftrong-flowering 
plants, is to procure a conltant fucceflion by cuttings, for 
there is no plant flrikes more readily ; thefe fhould be placed 
in a pot, and plunged into a bed of tan. 


ruUMd tyWCumsActnc GcntodimhJLVirJ* 

E 54 J 

Anemone Sylvestris. Snowdrop 

An E MO NY. 

'% &#*& X 't aMaMc ♦♦♦♦♦ ■ ♦♦♦ 

Clafs and Order. 


Generic Character, 
Calyx nulius. Petala 6 — 9. Semina plura. 

Specific Char abler and Synonyms. 

ANEMONE fylveflris pedunculo nudo, feminibus fubrotundis, 
hirfutis, muticis. Linn. Syft. Vegetal, p. 510. 

ANEMONE fylveflris alba major. Bank. Pin. p. 176. 

The white wild broad-leafed Wind-Flower. Park. Par. 202. 

Parkinson very accurately notices the ftriking characlers 
of this fpecies of Anemone, which are its creeping roots, its 
large white flowers (landing on the tops of the flower-flalks, 
which fometimes grow two together, but mod commonly 
fingly ; the leaves on the ftalk, he obferves, are more finely 

divided than thofe of the root, and its feeds are woollv. 

* j 

Miller defcribes it as having little beauty, and therefore 
but feldom planted in gardens ; it is true, it does not recom* 
mend itfelf by the gaudinefs of its colours, but there is in the 
flowers, efpecially before they expand, a fimple elegance, 
fomewhat like that of the Snowdrop, and which affords a 
pleafmg contraft to the more fhewy flowers of the garden. 

It flowers in May, and ripens its feeds in June. 

It will grow in almoft any foil or fituation, is propagated 
by offsets from the root, which it puts out moft plentifully, 
ib as indeed fometimes to, be troublefome. Is a native of 

ItoMVbv.n'CurtisJ*^*6anl'«l<»»** M » vh - 

C 55 1 
Geranium striatum. Striped Geranium, 

♦♦♦♦♦ft* ♦'♦♦,♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ 

Clafs and Order. 


Generic Cbaratler. 
Monogynia. Stigmata 5. FruEIus roftratus 5-coccus. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

GERANIUM firiatum pedunculis bifloris, foliisquinquelobis: 
lobis medio dilatatis, petalis bilobis venofo- 
reticulatis. Linn. Syft. Vegctab. p. 616. 

GERANIUM firiatum pedunculis bifloris, foliis c'aulinis trilo- 
bis, obtufe crenatis. Miller's Dift. 

GERANIUM Romanum verficolor five ftriatum. 

The variable ftriped Cranefbill. Park. Parad. p. 229. 

This fpecies is diftinguifhed by having white petals, finely 
reticulated with red veins, and the corners of the divifions of 
the leaves marked with a fpot of a purplifti brown colour, 
which Parkinson has long fince noticed. 

Is faid by Linnaeus to be a native of Italy, is a very 
hardy plant, flowers in May and June, and may be propagated 
by parting its roots in Autumn, or by feed ; prefers a loam^ 
foil and fhady fituation. 

I'tMirfiMyW&alvJiotaruc Ga/Y/fiJ.a//i6rt/> Mr\r/t 

C 56 ] 

Geranium Lanceolatum. Spear-Leaved 

Clafs and Order. 


Generic Character. 
Vfoncgyna. Stigmata 5. Frucius roftratus 5-coccus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 
GERANIUM glaucum calycibus monophyllis, foliis lanceola- 

tis integerrimis glaucis, caule ere6to fuffruticofo. 

Linn. Syjt. Vegctab.p. 614. Supp. Pip. 306. 

This elegant and very Angular fpecies of Geranium appears 
to have been fir ft cultivated in this country ; its introduction 
was attended with circumftances rather unufual. Mr. Lee, 
Nurfcryman of the Vineyard, Hammerfmith, in looking over 
fome dried fpecimens in the PorTeffion of Sir Joseph Banks, 
which he had recently received from the Cape of Good Hope, 
was ftruck with the lingular appearance of this Geranium, no 
fpecies having before been feen in this country with fpear- 
Ihaped leaves ; on examining the fpecimens attentively, he per- 
ceived a few ripe feeds in one of them, thofe he folicited, and 
obtained; and to his fuccefs in making them vegetate, we are 
indebted for the prefent fpecies* 

The fhape of the leaf readily fuggefted the name of lanceo- 
latum, an epithet by which it has been generally diftinguifhed 
in this country, and which, from its extreme fitnefs, we have 
continued, nctvvithftanding young Profeffor Linnaus has 
given it that of glaucum, though, at the fame time, his illuftrious 
father had diftinguifhed another fpecies by the fynonymous terra 
of glaucophyllum. 

This fpecies rarely ripens its feeds with us, and is therefore 
to be raifed from cuttings, which however are not very free 
to ftrike. 

It has been ufual to keep it in the ftove, but we have found 
by experience, that it fucceeds much better in a common green- 
houfe, in which it will flower during the whole of the fummer. 
Small young plants of this, as well as moft other Geraniums, 
make the belt appearance, and are therefore to be frequently 
obtained by cuttings. 

, ( 


fi l m^i,/h\lirii:*i.</i>fii/ l r,Ot/n/ r nJ.^i l /><//iMu: l /i 

C 57 3 
Papaver Orientale. Eastern Poppy. 

, Clafs and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cor. 4-petala. Cat 2-phyllus. Capfida, i-locularis fub ftigmate 
perfiftente poris dehifcens. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

PAPAVER orientale capfulis glabris, caulibus unifloris fca- 
bris foliofis pinnatis ferratis. Linn, Syjl. Vegetabi 
p. 490. 

Papaver orientale hirfutiffimum, magno flore. Tournef. 
cor. 17. itin. 3. p. 127. 1. 127. 

Moft of the plants of this tribe are diftinguifhed "by the 
fplendour of their colours, moft of them alfo are annuals, in 
gaiety of colour none exceed the prefent fpecies ; but it differs 
in the latter character, in having not only a perennial root, 
but one of the creeping. kind, whereby it increafes very much, 
and by which it is molt readily propagated. 

Though a native of the Eaft, as its name imports, it bears 
the feverity of our climate without injury, flowers in May, 
and as its bloffoms are extremely Ihewy, it gives great bril- 
liancy to the flower-garden or plantation; prefers a dry foil. 

( [ ■- 

Ji/fi/irt Sty W-Qb tUA 

• t 5* ] 

Iris Spuria. Spurious Iris. 

Oafs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

CoroVa 6-petala, inacqualis, petalis alternis geniculato-patenti- 
bus. Stigmata petaliformia, cucullato-bilabiata. Conf* 
Tbunb. Diff. de hide. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

IRIS fpuria imberbis foliis linearibus, fcapofubtrifloro tereti, 
germinibus hexagonis. Linn. Syjl. Vegetab. p. gi. Jacq* 
Ft. aujir. tab. 4. 

IRIS pratenfis anguftifolia, folio fcetido. Bauh. Pin. 32. 

The greater blue Flower-de-luce with narrow leaves. Park* 
Parad. p. 184. 

Some plants afford fo little diverfity of chara&er, that an 
expreffive name can fcarcely be affigned them ; fuch is the 
prefent plant, or Linnaeus would not have given it the inex- 
preflive name of fpuria, nor we have adopted it. 

This fpecies is diftinguifhed by the narrownefs of its leaves, 
which emit a difagreeable fmell when bruifed, by the colour 
of its flowers, which are of a fine rich purple inclining to 
blue, and by its hexangular germen. 

It is a native of Germany, where, as Profeflbr Jacquin 
informs us, it grows in wet meadows ; is a hardy perennial, 
thrives in our gardens in almoft any foil or fituation, flowers 
in June, and is propagated by parting its roots in Autumn, 


mtvfidby W&rtirJiotatnc GcorienLambttfiMwh 

C 59 1 
MeseMbryanthemum Bicolorum. Two- 
Coloured Fig-Marigold. 

♦ Iff* * • %%.% - tt ' t - ♦ fr ♦ ♦ *<%* # 

Clafs and Order. 


Generic Qharatler. 

CaL 5-fidus. Petala numerofa, linearia. Cap/, carnofa, in- 
fera, polyfperma. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms, 

MESEMBRYANTHEMUM bicolorum foliis fubulatis punc- 

tatis laevibus diftin&is, caule 

Linn. Sy/i. Vegetab. p. 47O. 

MESEMBRYANTHEMUM tenuifolium fruticefcens, flore 

croceo. Dill. Eltb. 267. /. 202. 
/• 258. 

Contrary to the Mefembryanthemtim dolabrifotme ', lately fi- 
gured in this work, this fpecies expands its flowers in the day-- 
time, and that only when the fun (nines powerfully on them; 
on fuch occafions, the bloffoms on the top of the branches 
being very numerous, exhibit a moft fplendid appearance. 

It is a native of the Cape of Good Hope, flowers in July, 
and is moft readily propagated by cuttings. 

Like moft of the Cape plants, it requires the fhelter of a 
green-houfe during the winter. 

/ 58 

JtifMf^m^it AM mm !'■■ *■ r m** 

C 60 ] 

Lathyrus odoratus. Sweet Pea, or 

Oafs and Order, 


Generic Charatler. 

Stylus planus, fupra villofus, fuperne latior. Cat. Iacinise 
fuperiores 2-breviores. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

LATHYRUS odoratus pedunculis bifloris, cirrhis diphyllis, 
foliolis ovato-oblongis, leguminibus hirfutis, 
Linn. Syft. Vegetab. p. 663. 

LATHYRUS diftoplatyphylloshirfutus mollis, magno et pera- 
maeno flore odoro. Comm. hort. 2. p. 2ig. t. 80. 

There is fcarcely a plant more generally cultivated than the 
Szveet Pea, and no wonder, fince with the mofi delicate blof- 
foms it unites an agreeable fragrance. 

Several varieties of this plant are enumerated by authors, 
but general cultivation extends to two only, the one with 
bloflbms perfectly white, the other white and rofe-coloured, 
commonly called the Painted Lady Pea. 

The Sweet Pea is defcribed as a native of Sicily, the Painted 
Lady Variety as an inhabitant of Ceylon ; they have both been 
introduced fince the time of Parkinson and Evelyn. 

It is an annual, and not a very tender one ; feedling plants 
fown in Autumn frequently furviving bur winters. 

As it is deiirable to have this plant in flower for as great a 
length of time as poffible, to have them early, we mufl fow them 
in the Autumn, either in pots or in the open border; if fown 
in pots, they can the more readily be fecured from any fevere 
weather, by placing them in a hot-bed frame, a common prac- 
tice with gardeners who raife them for the London markets, 
in which they are in great requefl : others again mould be fown 
early in the fpring, and the fowings repeated every month ; 
they grow readily in almoft any foil or fuuation, and by this 
means may be had to flower moil of the year through. 

If fown fh pots, care mull be taken to water them frequently. 


RtMukJh im 

f7nin M»nni^ii^ 

C 61 ] 
Iris ochroleuca. Tall Iris. 

% % $ $ ♦ ft 4 ft fr ft # j •$ ♦Mill 

C/^/j #«^ Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Corolla 6-petala, inaequalis, petalis alternis geniculato-paten- 
tibus. Stigmata petaliformia, cucullato-bilabiata. Thanh. 
Dijf. de hide. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

IRIS ochroleuca imberbis foliis enfiformibus, fcapo fubtereti 
germinibus hexagonis. Linn. Syft. Vegetab. p. go. 

Of the feveral fpecies of Iris cultivated in our gardens, this 
excels in point of height; we have taken our Englifh name 
therefore from this character, and not from the term ochroleuca, 
which, if tranflated, would be too expreffive of the colour of 
the bloffoms of the Iris Pfeudacorus, with which the ochroleuca 
has fome affinity in point of fize as well as colour. 

Notwithftanding Mr. Miller's defcription of his orienialis 
accords very badly with that of Lin nous's ochroleuca, they 
have been generally confidered in this country as one and the 
fame plant, diftinguifhed by the name of Pococke's Iris, 
Dr. Pococke being the perfon who, according to Miller, 
in his time firft introduced it from Carniola (by inadvertence 
fpelt Carolina, in the 6th 4to edition of the Dictionary). There 
are grounds, however, for fufpecling fome error in the habitat 
of this plant, for had it grown fpontaneoufly in Carniola, it 
is not probable that Scopoli would have omitted it in his 
Flora Carniolica. 

Leaving its place of growth to be more accurately afcer- 
tained hereafter, we ihall obferve, that it appears perfectly 
naturalized to this country, growing luxuriantly in a moift 
rich foil, and increafing, like rood of the genus, very fait by 
its roots. It flowers later than moft of the others. 

miMdtv.WGtras.Iir'tim/c ggralen^Iami^iMmA 

C 62 ] 

Centaurea Glastifolia. Woad-Leaved 



Clafs and Order, 
Syngenesia Polygamia Superflua. 

Generic CharacJer. 

Receptaculum fetofum. Pappus fimplex. Corolhe radii infundi- 
buliformes, longiores, irregulares. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

CENTAUREA glajlifolia calycibus fcariofis, foliis indivifis 

integerrimis decurrentibus. Linn. Syjl. Veg. 
p. 787. Gmeltn Sib. 2. p. 83. 

CENTAURIUM majus orientate ereftum, glafti folio, flore 
luteo. Comm. rar. 30,. /. 39. 

Affumes the name of glafiifolia from the fimilitude which 
the leaves bear to thofe of the Ifatis tinfloria, or Woad> 
Glaftum of the old Botanifts. 

In this plant we have an excellent example of the Folium 
decurrens and Calyx fear iof us of Linnaeus; the leaves alfo 
exhibit a curious phenomenon, having veins prominent on 
both their fides ; the fcales of the calyx are moreover diftin- 
guifhed by a beautiful filvery appearance, which it is difficult 
to reprefent in colours. 

It is a native of the Eaft, as well as of Siberia j flowers 
with us in July, in the open border, and is readily propagated 
by parting its roots in Autumn, which are of the creeping 
kind : requires no particular treatment. 

Miller, in the laft 4to edition of his Dictionary, enume- 
rates a Cent, glajlifolia; but his defcription in detail, by no 
means accords with the £lant. 



nOktilit ■■'■ fPOn/i.-: BcOaiit &** 

/,n r £rsrr,/>r//' 

[ 6 3 ] 

Fragaria monophylla. One-Leaved Straw- 
berry, or Strawberry of Versailles. 

Oafs and Order. 


Generic Character. 
Calyx 10-fidus. Petala 5. Receptaculum feminum ovatum, 
baccatum. deciduum. 

Specific Character and Synonyms, 
FRAGARIA w0K^ty//# foliisfimplicibus. Linn. Syjl. Veg.p.i^§. 
Le Fraifier de Verfailles. Duchejhe Hiji. nat. des Frais, p. 124. 

The firft mention made of this Strawberry, we find in 
Duchesne's Hijloire naturelle des Fraifiers, where we have its 
complete hiftory, and from which we learn, that it was 
originally raifed by him at Verfailles, in the Year 1761, 
from feeds of the Wood Strawberry. 

From France this plant has been conveyed to moft parts of 
Europe; how it has happened we know not, but it is certainly 
very little known in this country : in the 14th edit, of the Syjl. 
Veg. of Linn.*, us, it appears as a fpecies under the name of 
monophylla, originally impofed on it by Duchesne; Linnaeus, 
however, has his doubts as to its being a fpecies diftinft from 
the vefca, and, in our humble opinion, not without reafon ; 
for it can certainly be regarded as a very lingular variety only; 
its origin indeed is a proof of this ; in addition to which we 
may obferve, that plants raifed from the runners will fome- 
times, though very rarely indeed, have three leaves inftead 
of one : and it is obferved by the very intelligent author of 
the Hift. nat. above mentioned, that feedling plants fometimes 
produced leaves with three divifions, like thofe of the Wood 
Strawberry. Befides the remarkable difference in the number 
of the leaves in this plant, the leaves themfelves are obferved 
to be much fmaller in the winter feafon, and their ribs lefs 
branched; the runners alfo are flenderer and more productive, 
and the fruit in general more oblong or pyramidal. As an 
object of curiofity, this plant is deferving a place in every 
garden of any extent ; nor is its angularity its only recom- 
mendation, its fruit being equal to that of the fineft Wood 
Strawberry, with which it agrees in the time of its flowering, 
fruiting, and mode of treatment. 


Htt&Aiity Wfertir/lo 

C 6 4 D 

Hemerocallis fulva. Tawny Day-Lily. 

$ j 4t ft ifr ft : ft ft ftft ftft ft ft - frft ft ft ft 

CAz/ir <z»^ Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 
Corolla campanulata : tubo cylindrico. Stamina declinata. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

HEMEROCALLIS////^ foliis lineari-fubulatis carinatis, co- 
rollis fulvis. Linn. Syft. Vegetab. p. 339. 

LILIUM rubrum afphodeli radice. Bauh* Pin. 80. 

The gold red Day-Lily. Park. Parad. p. 148. /. 149./. 5- 

According to Linn^us, this fpecies is a native of China. 

It has long been inured to our climate, and few plants 
thrive better in any foil or fituation, but a moift foil fuits it 
beft ; its leaves on their firft emerging from the ground, and 
for a confiderable time afterwards, are of the moft delicate 
green imaginable ; the appearance which the plant aflumes 
at this period of its growth is, indeed, fo pleating, that it 
may be faid to conftitute one half of its beauty; its bloffoms 
which appear in July and Auguft, are twice the fize of thofe 
of the fiava, of a tawny orange colour, without glofs or 
fmell, the Petals waved on the edge, , the flowers are rarely or 
never fucceeded by ripe Capfules as in the flava, which is a 
circumftance that has been noticed by Parkinson; when 
thefe feveral characters, in which the fulva differs fo effentially 
from the fiava, are attentively conlidered, we {hall wonder 
that Linn/eus could entertain an idea of their being varieties 
of each other. 

The Hemerocallis fulva, from its fize, and from the great 
multiplication of its roots, is beft adapted to large gardens 
and plantations. 

May be propagated by parting its roots in Autumn. 


1 \ 




JM/vAd '&v '• JFturtisBritmie GanierUamitth J far, St 

C 65 3 

Clematis integrifolia. Entire-leaved 
Clematis, or Virgins-Bower. 

Clqfs and Order. 


Generic Cbaracler. 
Cal. o. Petala 4. rarius 5. — vel 6. Sent, caudata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

CLEMATIS integrifolia foliis fimplicibus ovato-lanceolatis, 
floribus cernuis. Linn. Syft. Vegetab. p. 512. 

CLEMATITIS ccerulea ere£la. Baub. Pin. 300. 

CLEMATIS casrulea Pannonica. The Hungarian Climer. 
Park. Parad. p. 393. 

The Clematis integrifolia is not an uncommon plant in the 
nurferies about London, and is deferving a place in gardens, 
if not for the beauty of its flowers, at leaft for their Angu- 

It is a native of Germany, flowers in July, and is one of 
thofe hardy perennials which fuit mod people, requiring little 
more than an introduction. 

Is propagated by parting its roots in Autumn. 

» ' < 

JiM^Aa'fyWfa/^Jio^ur gm&xlamit* l6ovh 

C 66 ] 

Passiflora alata. Winged Passion- 
#$♦ $♦♦$$♦$&♦♦♦♦♦ frfr ♦ 

Clafs and Order. 
Gynandria Pentandria. 

Generic Character. 

Trigyna. Cal. 5-phyllus. Petala 5. NecJarium corona. Bacca 

Specific Characler* 

PASSIFLORA alata foliis indivifis cordatis integerrimis, 
petiolis quadriglandulofis, cauli membrana- 
ceo tetragono. 

This fpecies of Paflion-flower is one of thofe which have 
been introduced into the Englifh gardens fince the time of 
Miller; if it does not equal the ccerulea in elegance, it excels 
it in magnificence, in brilliancy of colour, and in fragrance, 
the bloffoms being highly odoriferous : as yet, it is by no 
means fo general in this country, as its extraordinary beauty 
merits, we have feen it flower this year, both Summer and 
Autumn, in great perfection in the flove of our very worthy 
Friend James Vere, Efq. Kenfington-Gore ; at the Phyfic 
Garden, Chelfea; and at Mr. Malcolm's, Kennington; at 
Chelfea, in particular, it afforded the richeft affemblage of 
foliage and flowers we ever faw. 

It appears to the greateft advantage, when trained up an 
upright pole, nearly to the height of the back of the ftove, 
and then fuffered to run along horizontally. 

By fome it has been confidered as a variety only of the 
Pajfiflora quadr angularity others, with whom we agree in opinion, 
have no doubt of its being a very diftinft fpecies ; it differs 
from the quadrangularis t in having leaves more perfectly heart- 
fhaped, and lefs veiny; in having four glands on the foot- 
ftalks of the leaves, inftead of fix j and in not producing 
fruit with us, which the qtiadrangularis has been known fre- 
quently to do. 

The Nurferymen report, that this fpecies was firft raifed 
in this country, by a gentleman in Hertfordfhire, from 
Weft-India feeds. 

The ufual mode of propagating it here, is by cuttings. 


Tut&rhd by jrfurtU.Jk*™* 6**nJ**** **«*• 

C 67 ] 

Mesembryaxthemum pinnatifidum. Jag- 
ged-leaved Fig-Marigold. 

.* ! *„'j' ..«•"' . V» .«•'» M». »5» >V,,j"i_>'^.^fe..^»„>'t..>!*,,>'<..^<..ft'Ajfe..>«. 
5j«"VK "Jrf Vjv V.i - Vj» >,■«• >j« VjTVjrw Vjf Vj. 7»V AS «*» *?* ^T 4* 

C/^/}- aWii Order, 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus. Petala numerofa, linearia. Cap/, carnofa infera 

Specific CharatJer, 

MESEMBRYANTHEMUM pinnatifidum foliis pinnatifidis, 

Lin. Syjl. Vegetab.p. 470. Suppl. 
p. 260. 

This fpecies of Mrfem&ryanthemum, fo different in the fhape 
of its foliage from all the others hitherto introduced into this 
country, is firft defcribed in the Supplementum Plant arum of 
the younger, from which we learn that it grew in 
the Upfal Garden, into which it was raoft probably introduced 
by profeffbr Thunberg, as on his authority it is mentioned 
as a native of the Cape of Good Hope. 

Mr. Zair, Apothecary, of Caftle- Street, was fo obliging as 
to prefent me this fummer with the feeds of this curious plant, 
I lowed them in a pot of earth, plunged in a tan pit, whofe 
heat was nearly exhaufted ; they quickly vegetated, and though 
the fummer was far advanced, they proceeded rapidly into 
flower, and bid fair to produce ripe feeds, as the Capfules have 
long fmce been formed. 

The whole plant is fprinkled over with glittering particles 
like the ice plant, to which it bears fome affinity in its duration, 
being an annual and requiring the fame treatment. 

The blofToms are fmall and yellow, and if the weather be 
fine, open about two or three o'clock in the afternoon, the 
flalks are of a bright red colour, and the foliage yellowiih 

b 7 

^-m^dhm********* ** i-*" * 1 ™ 1 **-*: 

L 68 ] 
Sempervivum arachnoideum. Cobweb 


Clafs and Order. 


Generic Characlcr. 
Cat. 12-partitus. Petala 12. Caps. 12. polyfpermae. 

Specific Character. 

SEMPERVIVUM arachnoideum foliis pilis intertextis, pro- 
paginibus globofis. Lin. Syft. Vegetab. p. 

45 6 - 
SEDUM montanum tomentofurn. Bauh. Pin. 284. 

By the old Botanifts, this plant was confidered as a Sedum ; 
and to this day it is generally known in the gardens by the 
name of the Cobweb Sedum> though its habit or general appear- 
ance, independent of its fructification, loudly proclaims it a 

In this fpecies the tops of the leaves are woolly; as they 
expand they carry this woolly fubftance with them, which 
being thus extended, afTumes the appearance of a cobweb, 
whence the name of the plant. 

Like moft of the Houfeleeks it is beft kept in a pot, or it 
will grow well and appear to great advantage on a wall or 
piece of rock-work; the more it is expofed to the fun, the 
more colour will enliven its {talks and foliage, and the more 
brilliant will be its flowers; the latter make their appearance 
in July. 

It is propagated by offsets which it fends forth in abundance. 

It is no uncommon practice to treat this beautiful fpecies of 
Houfeleek, as a native of a warm climate; under fuch an idea 
we have feen it nurfed up in ftoves, while the plant fpontane- 
oufly braves the cold of the Switzerland Alps. 





JPi/iUrh'd l>y. tKdatis, Hotmric Garden J^amfit&i Mat^Ji 

C 6 9 ] 

Rosa muscosa. Moss Rose. 

Clafs and Order, 


Generic Cbaracleu 

Petahi 5. Cal. urceolatus, 5-fidus, carnofus, collo coar&atus. 
Sem. plurima, hifpida, calycis interiori lateri affixa. 

Specific CharaBler and Synonyms. 

ROSA mufcofa caule petiolifque aculeatis, pedurcculis calyci- 
bufque pilofiffimis. Mill. Dicl* 

If there be any one genus of plants more univerfally admi- 
red than the others, it is that of the Rofe — where is the Poet 
that has not celebrated it ? where the Painter that has not 
made it an object of his imitative art? 

In the opinion of Miller, the Mofs Rofe, or Mofs Pro- 
vince, as it is frequently called, is a perfectly diftinct fpecies; 
Linn/eus confiders it as a variety only of the centifolia: as it 
is found in our Nurferies in a double ftate only, and as we 
are ignorant of what country it is the produce, the decifion 
of this matter muft be left to future obfervation and inquiry. 

Though it may not increafe fo faft by fuckers, nor be 
increafed fo readily by layers, as the centifolia, there is no 
difficulty in propagating it either way; the latter mode is 
ufually adopted- 


[ 7° ] 

Mesembryanthemum Barbatum. Bearded 

C/^/jt #W Order. 


Generic CharaRer. 

Cal. 5-fidus. Petala numerofa, linearia. Cap/, carnofa, in- 
fera, polyfperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

MESEMBRYANTHEMUM barbatum, foliis fubovatis papu- 
losis diftin6tis, apice barbatis. 
Linn. Syjh Vegetab. p. 469. 

MESEMBRYANTHEMUM radiatum, ramulis prolixis 

recumbentibus. Dillen. Hort. 
Elth. 245. /. 190./. 234, 

The leaves of this fpecies have fmall hairs, ifluing like rays 
from their points, whence the name of barbatum g there are 
two others figured by Dillenius, whofe leaves have a great 
fimilarity of ftruflure, and which are confidered by LinnjEus 
as varieties of this fpecies ; our plant is the Stellatum of 
Miller's Din. ed. 6. 4/0. 

Like mofl of this tribe it inhabits the Cape, flowers in July, 
and is readily propagated by cuttings. 


Tub feu tkejlctJirectoTeliaM 

W&fl* i,m&>*^*mieCanlm ^^ *M > 

[ 7i ] 

Statics sinuata. Purple-cup't Statice, 
or Thrift. 

Qafs and Order. 
Pentandria Pentagynia. 

Generic CharaEier. 

Cat, i-phyllus, integer, plicatus, fcariofus. Petala 5. Sent, i« 

Specific CharaEier and Synonyms. 
STATICE fimiata caule herbaceo, folks radicalibus alterna- 
tim pinnato-finuatis : caulinis ternis triquetris fu- 
bulatis decurrentibus. Linn. Syft. Vegeiab. p. 301. 
LIMONIUM peregrinum foliis afplenii. Bauh. Pin. 192. 
LIMONIUM Rauwolfii. Marfh Buglofie. Parkin/. Parai. 
p. 250. 

That this fingular fpecies of Statice was long (ince an inha- 
bitant of our gardens, appears from Parkinson*, who in his 
Garden of Plea/ant Fltnvers, gives an accurate description of it, 
accompanied with an expreffive figure ; fince his time it ap- 
pears to have been confined to few gardens : the nurferymen 
have lately confidered it as a newly-introduced fpecies, and 
fold it accordingly. 

It is one of thofe few plants whofe calyx is of a more 
beautiful colour than the corolla (and which it does not lofe 
in drying) ; it therefore affords an excellent example of the 
calyx coloratus, as alfo o$fcariofus> it being* fonorous to the touch. 

Being a native of Sicily, Paleftine, and Africa, it is of 
courfe liable to be killed with us in fevere feafons, the com- 
mon practice is therefore to treat it as a green-houfe plant, 
and indeed it appears to the greateft advantage in a pot ; it is 
much difpofed to throw up new flowering Items ; hence, by 
having feveral pots of it, fome plants will be in blotTom 
throughout the fummer ; the dried flowers are a pretty orna- 
ment for the mantle-piece in winter. 

Though a kind of biennial, it is often increafed by parting 
its roots, but more advantageoufly by feed; the latter, how- 
ever, are but fparingly produced with us, probably for the 
want, as Parkinson exprelfes it, w of fufhcient heate of the 


2M< a ,teJ#-<t<n-<tr,Jax-'±V&*fK"™ J ^ 


In which the Latin Names of 
the Plants contained in the 
Second Volume are alphabe- 
tically arranged. 
















Amaryllis formofiflirna. 
Anemone fvlveflris. 
Calceolaria pinnata. 
Camellia japonica. 
Centaurea glaftif'olia. 
Chironia frutefcens. 
Cineraria Ianata. 
Ciftus incanus. 
Clematis integrifolia. 
Crocus vermis. 
Cyclamen perficum. 
Dianthus Caryophyllus, var. 
Fragaria moriophylla. 
Gentiana acaulis. 
Geranium flriatum. 

— lanceolatum. 

Helieborus lividus. 
Hemerocallis fnlva. 
Iris cchroleuca. 


— - fpuria. 
Lathyrus odoratus. 
Leucojum vernum. 

~" — — bicolorum 

"~ ; pinnatifidum, 

Narciflus major. 


Papaver orientale. 
Paffiflora alafa. 
Rofa mufcofa. 
Soldanella aipina. 
Sempervivum arachnoideum. 
Statice finuata. 
Trillium feflile. 
Viburnum Tin us. 



I In which the Englifh Nam 
I of the Plants contained 
• I the Second Volume are alph 
k betically arranged. 


$ 47 Amaryllis Jacobean. 

v q\ Anemone Snow-drop. 

¥42 Camellia Rofe. 

f 43 Centaurea woad-leaved. 

$ 37 Chironia (hrubby. 

*? 53 Cineraria woolly. 

J 43 Ciftus, hoary or rofe. 

I 65 Clematis, or Vi rgin's-bo wer 

£ entire-leaved. 

i 45 Crocus fpring. 

I 44 Cyclamen Perfian. 

k 51 Daffodil great. 

A i[S ■ reflexed. 

$ 64 Day-lily tawny. 
B 39 Franklin's Tartar, 
v yo Fig-marigold bearded. 

*f 67 jagged-leaved, 

I . __ two-coloured. 

'f 52 Gentian large-flowered, or 

}i 56 Geranium fpear-Ieaved. 

I 53 — ftriped. 

& 68 Houfeleek cobweb. 

I 72 Hellebore, livid or purple. 

1 50 Iris Siberian. 

>* 58 fpurious. 

O61 tail. 

$ 38 Lauruftinus common. 

# 66 Paflion-flower winged. 

->* 60 Pea, or Vetch ling iweet. 

*t 57 I* Ppy eaftern. 

y 69 Role mofs. 

^41 Slipperwort pinnated, 

a 46 Snow-fiake fpring. 

k 49 Soldanella alpi 

a 63 Strawberry one-leav'd. 

40 Trillium feflile. 

e 71 Thrift purple-cuo':.