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In which the most Ornamental Foreign Plants cultivated in the Open Ground, 

the Green-House, and the Stove, are accurately represented and coloured. 

To which are added, 


Their Places of Growth, Times of Flowering, and most approved 
Methods of Culture. 





ULD. F. R. A. and L. S. and Regius Professor of Botany in the 
University of Glasgow. 

VOL. XI. p 


Or Vol. LXir. of the whole Work. 

' To study culture, and with useful toil 
To meliorate and tame the stubborn soil; 
To give dissimilar, yet fruitful lands, 
The grain, or herb, or plant that each demands; 
To mark the matchless workings of the power, 
That shoots within the seed of future flower, 
Bids these in elegance of form excel, 
Tn colour these, and these delight the smell, 
Sends nature forth, the daughter of the skies, 
To dance on earth and charm all human eyes; 
These, these are arts pursued without a crime 
That leave no stain upon the wings of time." 



Printed by Edward Couchnian, 1(1, Throgmortmi Street i 




Published also by Sherwood, Gilbert, & Piper, 2;i, Paternoster Row; J. & A. Arch, Comhill; Blackwood, 

Edinburgh ; and in Holland, by Mr. Gt. Eldering, Florist, at Haarlem : 

And to be had of ail Booksellers in Toun and Country. 

















** .* 1 • .' 

' W. J. HOOKER. 

Glasgow, December 1, 1837. 


( 3542 ) 

Hippeastrum ambiguum : var. 1. longiflora. Ambig- 
uous Knight's-star Lily : var.l. long-flowered. 


Class and Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Amaryllide^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium declinatum, tubo infra abbreviato, mem- 
brana fauciali non annularis limbo quater dispare ; Scapus 
spathaceus cavus, capsula trivalvis, semina testa nigra. 
W. Herbert. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Hippeastrum ambiguum; perianthio tubuloso, segmentis 
intus rubro bistriatis, fauce lawiter barbata, stylo fila- 
menta superante perianthium subaequante stigmate 

trifido. . 

Var.l. Longiflora; perianthio 8 uncial i. Ex Lima, fe- 

ruviae allata. Tab. nostr. 3542. 
Var II. Tweediana ; perianthio subsexunciab. bpecim. 

Herb. Hooker. (Tweedie.) Ex Brasilia? mendionah ? 

W. H. 

Several bulbs of this plant were received from J. Maclean, 
Esq. by Mr. Murray, from Lima, and have flowered mag- 
nificently in the Glasgow Botanic Garden. The inflores- 
cence is remarkably like that of the mules obtained by the 
admixture of H. solandriflorum with H. Regina-vittatum, 
crossed again with vittatum. The beard is fainter than in 
H. vittatum, and the plant occupies an intermediate situa- 
tion between this species and H. solandriflorum. Whether 
it be a garden production at Lima, or exhibits a natural 
local variation of the Genus, we have no means of ascer- 
taining ; it seems principally distinguished from Tweedie's 



specimen gathered on the East coast of the continent by the 
superior »,ze, and, perhaps, paler colour. The Valley of is so small, the distance being only seven or elffh 

b^eauthTf the'nl ^ Sra " ite "W" to the -l aud fhe 
not a native „f ft ve 1 ,neo ™.«^ble, that it is probably 
not a native ot the immediate vicinity of Lima. W. Herbert. 

' • /£<3. 

C 3543 ) 

Epidendrum crassifolium. Thick-leaved 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide,e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala patentia, subaequalia. Petala sepalis asqualia vel 
angustiora, rarius latiora, patentia vel reflexa. Labellum 
cum marginibus columnar omnino vel parte connatum, 
limbo integro vel diviso, disco saepius calloso,, costato vel 
tuberculato ; nunc in calcar productum ovario accretum et 
auriculum formans. Columna elongata ; clinandrio margi- 
nal saspe fimbriato. Anthera carnosa, 2 — 4-Jocularis. 
Pollinia 4, caudiculis totidem replicatis annexa. — Herbae 
(Americana) epiphytal, caule nunc apice vel basi pseudo- 
bulboso, nunc elongato apice folioso. Folia carnosa, raris- 
simevenis elevatis striata. Flores spicati racemosi, corym- 
bosi, vel paniculati, terminates vel laterales. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Epidendrum crassifolium ; foliis distichis oblongo-lanceola- 
tis crassiusculis acutis., caule apice longe aphyllo squa- 
moso, squamis superioribus lineari-oblongis aequalibus 
labelli trilobi lobis lateralibus dimidiatis denticulatis, 
intermedio obcordato denticulato majore basi calloso., 
callo carnoso concavo margine lobato, racemo brevi 

Epidendrum crassifolium. Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orchid, p. 

Epidendrum ellipticum. Lodd. Bot. Cab. t 1276. (not 

This plant is a native of Rio Janeiro ; and the Glasgow 
Botanic Garden is indebted for the possession of it to the 


well-known liberality of Mr. Loddiges. It is undoubtedly 
the plant figured in the Botanical Cabinet under the name 
of E. eltiptkum, which Dr. Lindley refers to his E. crassifo- 
lium : but I am far from certain that the two are really the 
same species. The leaves in Mr. Loddiges are by no 
means thick for this groupe of Epidendrum, they are not 
obtuse, nor concave, and the shape of the middle lobe of 
the lip is different. Whilst ours is a Brazilian plant, the 
original E. crassifolium is a native of St. Vincent. Be that 
as it may, ours is an exceedingly pretty and lively-looking 
species, many stems in the same pot bearing their heads of 
bright, rose-coloured flowers in the month of March 

Descr Stems erect, wavy, terete, leafy; leaves disti- 
chous, alternate, oblong, patent, or slightly recurved 
oblongo-lanceolate, moderately thick, and somewhat cori- 
aceous rather acute, obscurely striated, sheathing at the 
base, of a dark, glossy, green colour. The extremity of 
the stem runs out into a long jointed peduncle, sheathed 
with membranous bracteas of which the upper ones have a 

S I be T ^ , Spike corymboso- capitate. 
Mowers full rose-colour. Sepals and petals obovato-lanceo- 
late spreading, nearly equal. Lip uppermost, its claws 
combined with the nearly triquetrous column, a the apex 
of winch, the anther is sunk in a sort of cavity ; laminTrf 
the hp deeply three-lobed, toothed, lateral lobes rotundato 
cuneate entire, the middle one the largest, obco .date the 
disk fleshy, concave, with a thick waved and lobed border 

Fig. 1. Column and Lip -.—magnified. 

VTUch d-: 

( 3544 ) 



Class and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Iride^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Spatha diphylla. Perianthium simplex, corollinum, pro- 
funde 6-partitum, aequale. Filamenta connata. Stylus 
simplex. Stigma trifidum. Capsula 3-locuIaris, infera. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Sisyrinchium speciosum ; bulbosum, caule tereti flexuoso 
subramoso, foliis linearibus angustis striatis praecipue 
radicalibus caulem subaequantibus, spatha biflora, flo- 
ribus speciosis, perianthii foliolis patentissimis oblougo- 
spathulatis (purpureo-caeruleis basi intense flavis) fila- 
mentis liberis, stylo tripartito ramis patentibus linea- 
ribus superne canaliculatis. stigmatibus emarginatis 

A native of Chill, whence bulbs were imported by Mr. 
Towart (gardener to Her Royal Highness the Dutchess of 
Gloucester, Bagshot Park), and by him communicated to 
Mr. Murray, at the Glasgow Botanic Garden. The same 
beautiful species has been sent from Valparaiso in Chili, by 
Mr. Cuming, and distributed as No. 498 of his Herbarium ; 
by Mr. Mathews, No. 308; and by Mr. Bridges, No. 415 : 
and again by the last-mentioned collector (in one instance 
bearing a remarkably broad leaf) from marshy places near 
Valdivia (No. 252). About Valparaiso, it is found on sandy 
hills ; and a dry and light soil, with a sunny situation in the 
greenhouse, are what are required to bring this beautiful 
plant to perfection in our country. It has flowered with us 
in June. 


Descr. Bulb ovate, enveloped with a dark brown, mem- 
branous and loose coat, which forms a sheath considerably 
above the bulb. Stem three to four or five inches high, 
slender, rounded, wavy, somewhat branched, glaucous. At 
the origin of a branch bearing a leaf with a sheathing base, 
which produces flowers like the spatha. Leaves mostly 
radical, distichous, linear, narrow-acuminate, deeply striat- 
ed, sheathing at the base, the inner ones about as long as 
the stem. Spatha of two unequal leaves, about two-flow- 
ered. Peduncle an inch long, curved. Perianth of six 
oblongo-spathulate, bright purple-blue sepals, yellow at the 
base, slightly waved, spreading, the three inner ones a little 
smaller : Stamens three : Filaments inserted a little above 
the base of the perianth, nearly erect, free, yellow, broader 
at the base. Anthers orange, linear -oblong, eventually 
twisted. Style yellow below, dividing into three spreading 
slender branches, which are longer than the stamens, purple, 
grooved above. Stigmas velvety, emarginate. Ovary in- 
ferior, oblong, glabrous. 

Fig. 1. Flower, with the Perianth removed. 2. The same, with the Sta- 
mens also removed : — magnified, 

lnm *»* utSf. 

( 3545 ) 

GEnotheka fruticosa, var. ambigria. 
Shrubby Evening Primrose, var. 

Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — OnagrariejE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx tubulosus, 4-partitus, deciduus. Petala 4. Cap- 
sula cylindrica vel prismatica, 4-locuIaris. Semina nuda, 
cortice fungoso placentae columnari centrali affixa. Spreng. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

(Enothera fruticosa ; perennis glabra vel pilosa, caule 
erecto herbaceo, foliis sublanceolatis dentatis punctis 
linearibus pellucidis notatis, floribus terminalibus co- 
rymbosis, calycibus acuminatis, capsulis pedicellatis 
clavatis 4-alatis. 
(a.) vera; corymbis pedunculatis, petalis late obcordatis. 
(Enothera fruticosa. Linn. Sp. PL p. 492. Hook. Ft. 
Bor. Am. v. I. p. 212. Nutt. Gen. Am. v. I. p. 247. 
Torrey Fl. of Un. St. p. 389. 
(0.) ambigua; corymbis pedunculatis, petalis longioribus 
quam latis. — (E. fruticosa, /3. ambigua. Nutt. I. c. 
Torrey I. c. (Tab. nostr. 3545 J 
(Enothera ambigua. Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 2. p. 229. 

De Cand. Prodr. v. 3. p. 50. 
(Enothera Canadensis. Gold, in Ed Phil. Journ. 1831, 
p. 7. De Cand. Prodr. v. 3. p. 52. 
(y) phyllopus ; pedunculo folioso, (sen corymbo sessili.) 
(Enothera fruticosa. Curtis Bot. Mag. t 332. De Cand. 

Prodr. v. 3. p. 50. 
(Enothera serotina. Sw. Br. Fl. Gard. 2d Ser. t. 184. 
Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1840. 
(J.) incana ; foliis elliptico-Ianceolatis incano-pilosis. 
(Enothera incana. Nutt. Gen. Am. v. l.p.52. De Cand. 
Prodr. v. 3. p. 52. Torrey Fl. ofUn. St. v. I. p. 389. 
(y.) Fraseri; glaberrima, foliis elliptico-Ianceolatis. 


CEnothera Fraseri. Pursh Fl. Am. Suppl. p. 734. Nutt. 
Gen. Am. v. 1. p. 247. Sims, Bot. Mag. t. 1674. De 
Cand. Prodr. v. 3. p. 51. 
{$.) linearifolia ; foliis lineari-Ianceolatis. — An (E. linearis. 
Mich, et auct. ? 

(Exotuera fruticosa is a species, widely extended through- 
out North America, from Canada to Carolina ; but so vari- 
able in its foliage and hairiness, as to have suggested the 
idea of there being the several species above enumerated. 
The only kind, about which I feel at all doubtful, is the (E. 
linearis of Michaux, whose leaves, besides being very nar- 
row, are more opaque, and exhibit the pellucid linear dots, 
above alluded to, very imperfectly. Indeed, they are not 
seen in the recent state of the true fruticosa. Linnaeus 
made it one of the characters of his original plant, that it 
should have the raceme pedunculated ; which is very often 
not the case with our species, as represented in an early 
plate of this Magazine, on which account I have reduced 
that to a variety. Sprengel and De Candolle have raised 
the state of the plant here figured to the rank of a species, 
which, I think, it by no means merits. (E. Fraseri and 
(E. incana I consider to be broad-leaved varieties of (E. 
fruticosa; the former remarkable for its freedom from 
hairs, (it is found plentifully by Dr. Short at Kentucky,) 
while the latter, of which I possess specimens from Wabash, 
gathered by Mr. Goldie, is abundantly clothed with hairs' 
An exactly intermediate state is found at West Chester, by 
Mr. Townsend. Our 0. ambigua was communicated by 
Mr. Miller of the Bristol Nursery to the Glasgow Botanic 
Garden; where, slightly sheltered, it flowered in July 
Although the stem is very downy, the peduncle is quite 
glabrous, and instead of leaves, as in var. y , there are only 
small, linear bracteas at the base of the short pedicels 
It may be thus described :- — 

Descr. Boot perennial. Stem annual and herbaceous, as in all the 
varieties, erect, mostly simple, very downy. Leaves lanceolate, toothed 
more or less distinctly ; slightly downy. Peduncles terminal, quite 
glabrous, naked below, bearing a corymb of flowers, which afterwards 
elongates into a raceme. Flowers large for the size of the plant hand- 
some, rather pale yellow. Pedicels short, with a small, linear bractea 
at the base. Calyx acuminated. Petals four, narrow, obcordate stri- 
ated, spreading. Fruit immature, oblongo-clavate, with four 'broad 
wings, and as many moderately elevated, obtuse angles. 

Fig. 1. Lower Leaf, nat. size. 2 Immature Capsule, magnified. 

Pui. iy 

( 3546 ) 

Tradescantia caricifolia. Sedge-leaved 


Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — CommelinejE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx et Corolla profunde tripartita. Filamenta subvil- 
losa. Capsula 3-locularis. Spr. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Tradescantia caricifolia ; erecta glaberrima gracilis, foiiis 
lineari-attenuatis subtus carinatis vaginis ciliatis, um- 
bella sessili terminali congesta, bracteis lineari-acumi- 

Allied to the common Garden Spider-wort, (T. Virginica) 
differing, however, in its much smaller size, slenderer habit, 
much narrower leaves and bracteas, and in the entire free- 
dom from hairs of every part of the surface of the plant, 
the margins of the sheath alone being ciliated. The colour 
of the flowers is variable, for in some of the dried native 
specimens they are decidedly of a rose-colour, and if we 
look to the character usually given of T. rosea, Mich., we 
shall find it to accord pretty well with our plant, though in 
reality no two species can be more distinct; the latter being 
very small in every part, with pedunculated umbels. Our 
plant is a native of Texas, where it was found by Mr. 
Drummond. With us it has flowered in August and Sep- 
tember, under a cool frame. 

Descr. Stem a foot or more high, quite erect, simple or 
branched, rounded, glabrous, jointed. Leaves arising from 
the joints, eight to ten inches long, half an inch across in 
the widest part, linear-acuminated, quite glabrous, striated, 


sheathing at the base, the sheaths ciliated at the margins 
Involucre of two unequal bracteas, of the same shape as the 
leaves, but shorter. Umbel sessile, terminal, of many pedi- 
cels, at first curved downwards, then erect. Calyx of three 
green glabrous sepals, tipped with purplish. Corolla of 
three broadly-ovate, spreading petals, thrice as long as the 
calyx, and of a fine purplish-blue colour. Stamens six, 
equal m length ; filaments blue, clothed with long, sha ffff v 
blue hairs : Anthers deep yellow. &5 Jj 

Fig. 1. Flower : magnified. 

( 3547 ) 


Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Liliace^. Lindl. ) 

Generic Character. 

Spatha bivalvis, mill ti flora. Corolla urceolato-infundibu- 
Jirormis ; tubus cylindricus, erectus ; Iimbi laciniae 6, pro- 
funda?, aequales, lanceolatas, patentes. Corona (vel Necta- 
num) e foliolis 3 distinctis vel in tubum connatis, fissis, 
^qualibus, carnosis. Stamina 3 in fauce tubi, 3 intra 
tubum. Antherce subsessiles, ovatae. Stylus teres, tubo 
multo brevior. Stigma turbinatum, depressum. Capsula 
ovata, trigona, trilocularis ; valvulis 3, emarginatis. Se- 
mma numerosa, oblonga, obtusa, compressa, corrugata. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Iulbaghia Ludwigiana ; floribus erecto-patulis, limbo tu- 
bum crassum subangulatum aequante, perianthio in- 
terno carnoso flavo trilobo, lobis obtuse emarginatis. 

Tulbaghia Ludwigiana. Harv. MSS. 

Bulbs of this species were sent to the Ludwigsburg Gar- 
dens, Cape of Good Hope, from the borders of CafFerland, 
oy Mr. Zier in 1834, and have now (Oct. 1835) come into 
flower there for the first time. In many characters it ap- 
proaches T. alliacea ; but is amply distinguished from that 
species by the distinctly three-lobed, bright yellow, interior 
Perianth. I have great pleasure in distinguishing it with 
»e name of my valued friend, the Baron von Ludwig, whose 
w eIl-known patronage of Botany amply entitles him to any 


honour that Science can bestow,, and to whom the South 
African Botanist in particular is under great obligations. 
Through his means many new plants have already been 
disseminated in Europe, and many more may be expected 
from the constant exertions he is making to procure bulbs 
and seeds from the most remote parts of the colony. Harv. 

Descr. Root (?). Root-leaves distichous, six to eight 
inches long by an inch wide, numerous, patent, ensi- 
formi-ligulate, somewhat acute, flexuose, rigid, glabrous, 
bright green. Scape erect, glabrous, filiform, two feet 
and more high. Flowers umbellate,— when in bud, droop- 
ing,— afterwards patent and erect. Umbel simple, about 
eight-flowered. Spatha two-valved : valves ovate, acute, 
membranaceous, sphacelate; the exterior large, and equal- 
ling the peduncle in length. Peduncles one to two inches 
long, slender, filiform. Exterior Perianth of one piece, in- 
terior, patent : tube short, half an inch long, its length 
iTu* e( l uall,n g the br eadth, obtusely angular, gibbous at 
the base, greenish-purple, or green with purple streaks : the 
limb • six-partite, its segments ovate, obtuse, plane, as long 
as the tube, green with a purple margin, in a double series, 
the three inner ones a little longer and adnate with the sides 
ot the inner perianth, the three outer free, spreading. Inner 
perianth forming a crown to the mouth of the tube, thick 
fleshy, yellow, a little shorter than the outer, mouth trian- 
gular, three-lobed : lobes emarginate, or obsoletely biden- 
tate. Filaments none (or rather they are adnate with the 
tube of the perianth.) Anthers six, sessile, in a double 
series : the three superior inserted under the apices, the 
three inferior in the axils of the lobes, two-celled : cells 
bursting longitudinally. Ovary oval, glabrous, marked 
with resinous dots, obsoletely six-grooved, three-celled. 
Ovules numerous: Style erect, cylindrical, about equal in 
length with the germen : Stigma subcapitate, truncate. 
tmeU strong, resembling that of Onion. W H Harvey 

No apology, we trust, is necessary for representing this 
and another very pretty species shortly to be floured, of 
I ulbaghia, as we are quite sure the Baron von Ludwig will 
have pleasure in introducing them to our collections. 

ntfied. L Fl0W6r CUt ° Pen ' 2 ' PlStih 3 ' Secti0n of the Owy—mag- 


( 3548 ) 
Madia elegans. Elegant Madia. 


Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Superflua. 

( Nat. Ord. — Composite. ) 

Generic Character. 

Radius famiineus uniserialis. Discus hermaphroditus. 
Corolla radii lingulata, lingula triloba tubum superante. 
Achamium erostre, quadrigono-compressum, quadricos- 
tatum disco epigyno parvo. — Herb* Chilenses, virides, 
erectce ; foliis alternis, semiamplexicaulibus, oblongis; capi- 
tulis luteis, terminalibus vel axillaribus ; rachide plana, 
nuda ; involucris uniserialibus pubescentibus. Less. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Madia * elegans ; panicula multiflora, radio elongato. 
Madia elegans. Don in Bot. Reg. t. 1458. 
Madaria f elegans. De Cand. Prodr. v. 5. Not. sur les 
PI. rares de Geneve, n. 7. p. 17. 

A hardy annual, clothed with the same clammy and fetid 
pubescence as the common Madia viscosa of Chili ; but, in- 
stead of having very small and imperfect rays, as in that 
species, they are developed aud spreading so as to give a 
totally different appearance to the plant. It is a native of 
North-West America, where it was discovered by the late 
Mr. David Douglas, and through him introduced to the 


* From Madi, the vernacular name of the plant in Chili. 

t The volume of De Candolle's Prodromus, where the character of 
this genus, Madaria, is given, not having reached me, although published, 
at the time this sheet went to press, I have been unable to avail myselt of 
that author's essential characteristic marks ; and have, hence, for the present, 
been induced to give the plant under its old appellation. 

Horticultural Society. With us it blossoms through most 
of the summer months, and is already become a general 
favourite in our flower borders. 

Descr. Stem erect, two to four feet high, much branch- 
ed and panicled above, clothed, as is the whole plant, with 
unctuous fetid hairs, many of which are tipped with globu- 
lar black glands. Leaves sessile, oblongo-lanceolate, the 
upper ones obscurely nerved, the lower ones larger and 
broader, with more evident parallel nerves, and a few trans- 
verse connecting ones. Panicle much branched, leafy. 
t Lowers numerous, large, handsome. Involucre subglobose, 
ot a nearly simple series of channelled, subulato-lanceolate 
scales, their points only spreading. Corollas of the ray ob- 
long, deeply and sharply three-cleft, yellow, with a blood- 
coloured spot at the base, bearing;,^ only, %/e short. 
fnllTZr^; ^Vmbraced by the scales of the 
£ U ^ obovato-oblong, laterally compressed ; disc ob- 
£ «K ™ ne - ^rets of the centre with abortive 

prot uded, as is the stigma, which is downy, and the seff- 
a row of scales only withm the floret of the ray. 


( 3549 ) 


ered Knight s-Star Lily. 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Old. AMARYLLIDEyE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium declinatum, tubo infra abbreviate, mem- 
brana fauciali non armulari, limbo quater dispare ; Scapus 
spathaceus cavus, capsula trivalvis, semina testa nigra. W 

Specific Character. 

Hippeastrum breviflorum; pedunculis 2£ uncialibns tubo 
£ unc. rubro 'striata, limbo 2 unciali albo stella lutes- 
cente rubro-lincata parte inferiore obsoleta, stylo nla- 
menta superante perianthium vix aequante, stigmate 
trifido. fV. Herbert. 

A very distinct species of a most difficult Genus of 
which roots and dried specimens have been sent by Mr. 
Tweedie from the neighbourhood of Buenos Ayres. I he 
specimen from which the accompanying figure was taken, 
blossomed in the stove of the Glasgow Botanic Garden in 
April, 1836, and promises to be a valuable acquisition to our 
collections. 1 am indebted to the Hon. and Rev. VV . Her- 
bert, for its specific name and character. 

Descr. Scape nearly three feet high, rounded, glaucous. 
Spatha of two lanceolate, membranous leaflets. Umbel, in 
our specimen, of six flowers, destitute of fragrance. 1 edicels 
obtusely tetragonal. Perianth campanulate, its length 
equalling the diameter at the mouth, formed of six pieces, 
of which the five upper ones are rather broader than the 
rest, lanceolate and more closely placed, wavy towards the 



apex, white, striated ; externally slightly tinged with yellow- 
green, and marked with a central broad, red streak, vanish- 
ing below the middle ; within, the same red streak is sepa- 
rated by a white line down the middle. The disk, at the 
base within, closely surrounds the filaments, and is strongly 
ciliated. Germen obovato-trigonous. Style rather shorter 
than the perianth, curved upwards, flesh-coloured. Sligni 
of three linear lobes. Filaments also assurgent • three 
alternate ones shorter; all shorter than the style' flesh- 
coloured. J ' 

Jhii, iy S. sureedJ+rta 

( 3550 ) 

Lobelia polyphylla. Many-leaved 


Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — LobeliacejE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Corolla tubo hinc fisso (raro integro) ; limbo 5-partito. 
Anthem connatae. Stigma bilobum (nunc indivisum). 
Capsula 2-locularis (raro 3-locularis) apice supero bivalvi. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Lobelia polyphylla; suffruticosa, foliis late oblongo-lan- 
ceolatis brevissime petiolatis coriaceis confertis argute 
serratis glaberrimis, racemo folioso, pedicellis pubes- 
centibus folio brevioribus, calyce hemisphaerico-pubes- 
cente dentibus subulatis integerrimis, corolla pubes- 
cente pedicello longiore. 

Lobelia polyphylla. Hook, et Am. in Bot. Journ. v. I. p. 
277. Bot. of Beech. Voy. v. I. p. 33. 

A very handsome species of Lobelia, of which our first 
knowledge was derived from specimens collected at Valpa- 
raiso during Capt. Beechey's Voyage. It was afterwards 
gathered in the same country by Mr. Bridges and Mr. 
Cuming. The var. " 0. foliis angustioribus," found by Mr. 
Cuming at Coquimbo, we now incline to consider a new 
species, having quite entire leaves. Our drawing was taken 
from a fine flowering specimen sent by Mr. Knight of the 
King's Road, Chelsea, to the Glasgow Botanic Garden, in 
September, 1835. 

Descr. It is a perennial plant, and suffruticose ; a foot, 
or more high, branched ; the branches rounded, glabrous, 


thickly clothed with leaves, which are from two to four 
inches long, erecto -patent, coriaceous, oblongo-lanceolate, 
acute, scarcely petiolate, of a bluish-green, and paler be- 
neath, reticulated with veins, the sides often turned upwards, 
the margin furnished with numerous sharp, irregular teeth, 
which, under a glass, seem enlarged or glandulose at the 
extremity. Raceme terminal, leafy, the leaves often so re- 
duced in size, as to resemble bracteas, as in the specimen 
here figured : at other times, the leaves are as large as those 
of the stem, and then the flowers may truly be said to be 
solitary and axillary, often terminated with a crown of 
barren leaves. Pedicel shorter than the bractea or leaf, 
downy. Calyx (including the germen) with an hemispher- 
ical tube, green, slightly downy, with five, erect, subulate 
teeth. Corolla of a deep blackish, or blood-purple colour, 
thrice as long as the calyx, curved, with a deep cleft above, 
through which the column of stamens and style ascends, 
the segments slightly downy, spathulate, combined at their 
apices. Filaments purple. Anthers closely combined, 
curved, brownish ash-coloured, the two lower ones slightly 
bearded at the apex. 

Fig. 1. Flower and Bractea; magnified. 2. Leaf: nat. size. 


WTiich dd? 

( 3551 ) 

Gaiixardia bicolor; var. Drummondii, integer- 

rima. Two -coloured Galardia ; Drummond's 

entire-leaved variety. 

Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Frustranea. 

( Nat. Ord. — Composite. ) 

Generic Character. 

Receptaculum paleaceum, hemisphaericum. Pappus pa- 
leaceus. Involucrum imbricatum, planum,, polyphyllum. 
Corollce radii trifidi. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Gaillardia bicolor ; radii corollis 3 — 5-dentatis, tubo brevi 

inappendiculato, involucri foliolis plurimis subulato- 

Gaillardia bicolor (for Synonyms and several varieties see 

Tab. 3368). 
var. /j. Drummondii integrifolia ; foliis omnibus integerri- 

mis. (Tab. nostr. 3551. J 
Galardia picta. Sw. Brit. Ft. Gard. t. 267. 

This beautiful plant, which we still hold to be only a 
^ a " e *y °f G. bicolor, is identical with the G. picta of the 
British Flower-Garden/' and in reality differs in no re- 
spect from our var. Drummondii, except in having all the 
leaves entire. It is derived too from the same country, 
having been found in Texas by Mr. Drummond, and intro- 
loS- ^ him to our gardens, in the spring of the year 
~ . ^ e have figured it the more readily, because it 

affords us an opportunity of pointing out clearly the spe- 
cific differences between it and our G. trifidum. 

Fig. 1. Root Leaf; nat. size. 2. Floret of the Bay. 3. Floret of the 
Uli >c. 4. Scale of the Pappus -.—magnified. 

( 3552 ) 

Lachenalia glai cina. Glaucous-flowered 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Asphodele^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Corolla 6-petala vel 6-partita, campanulato-cylindrica et 
campanulata; petalis 3 interioribus longioribus, extimis 
subcalycinis magis acutis. Stamina erecta, basi petalorum 
inserta. Antherce incumbentes. Stylus subulatus, stigmate 
simplici vel obsolete trifido. Capsules 3-alata vel ovato- 
triquetra, 3-locularis. Semina plura, globosa, bisenata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Lachenalia glaucina ; foliis geminis oblongis, floribus ses- 
silibus, petalis interioribus duplo longioribus apicibus 
patulis obtusis, stylo stamhiibusque paulo longioribus 

Lachenalia glaucina. Jacq. Coll. Suppi p. 39. lc Rar. 
t. 391. Ait. Hort. Kew. ed. % v. % p. 284. Spreng. 
Syst. Veget. v. 2. p. 78. 

(«.) flore pallide caerulescenti, scapo fohisque immaculatis. 

(3.) flore lilacina, scapo foliisque maculatis. 

A very handsome species of Lachenalia, for the pos- 
session of which the Glasgow Botanic Garden is indebted 
to Baron Ludwig, of the Cape of Good Hope. There are 
two varieties, of which the principal figure here given re- 
presents the original species of Jacquin, with spotless 
leaves and scape, and which, with us, has the palest and 
bluest flowers (always changing, however, to lilac as they 
f ade): while the other has^its leaves and scape spotted, 


and the flowers are, even in their youngest state, more in- 
clined to lilac or rose colour. Of the latter kind a single 
flower is given at fig. 5. Its flowering season in this coun- 
try is August. 

Descr. Bulb small, roundish, about the size of a hazel 
nut. Leaves two, oblong, striated, erecto-patent, in a. des- 
titute of spots; in /5 spotted. The scape varies in the 
same way, and is below the spike, a length about equal to 
that of the leaves, covered with a glaucous bloom. Spike 
many-flowered. Bracteas small, subulate. Flowers sessile, 
about an inch long. Outer segments of the perianth 
(which might well be called a calyx) oblongo-ovate, erect, 
with a gland just below the apex, of a yellowish -green 
colour at the base, blue, or rose-coloured in /3, and more or 
less dotted with blue : inner segments twice as long as the 
outer, spathulate, obtuse, erect, spreading only at the ex- 
tremity. Stamens unequal, shorter than the style: both 
are ascending and included. Filaments subulato-filiform, 
white. Anthers very small, yellow. Germen ovato-glo- 
bose, three-lobed, green. Stigma capitate. 

Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Pistil. 3. 4. Stamens. 5. Flower of & :— all slightly 
magnified. G J 

( 3553 ) 

Desmodium Canadense. Canadian 

Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Leguminos^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx basi bibracteolatus ad medium obscure bilabiatus, 
labio supenore bifido, inferiore 3-partito. Corolla papi- 
lionacea, vexillo subrotundo, carina obtusa non truncata, 
alls carina longioribus. Stamina diadelpha (9 et 1), fila- 
mentis subpersistentibus. Legumen constans articulis plu- 
nmis ad maturitatem secedentibus compressis monospermis 
membranaceis coriaceisve, non aut vix dehiscentibus. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Desmodium Canadense ; caule erecto pilosiusculo striato, 
foliis pinnatim trifoliolatis, foliolis oblongo-lanceolatis 
obtusis glabriusculis, stipulis filiformibus, racemis ter- 
minalibus, leguminis articulis 4 — 5 ovalibus obtuse 
triangnlis pube brevi hispidis. 

Desmodium Canadense. Be Cand. Prodr. v. 2. p. 328. 
Hook. Fl. Bor. Am. v. I. p. 154. 

Hedysarum Canadense. Linn. Sp. PI. p. 1054. Pursh, 
Ft- Am. v. 2. p. 481. Spreng. Syst. Veg. v. 3. p. 313. 

A very frequent inhabitant of North America, from Ca- 
nada to the extreme Southern States; and though, I 
believe, far from common in the collections of this coun- 
r y> it deserves a place in every garden, on account of its 
numerous racemes of handsome "flowers. It is, as may be 
supposed, perfectly hardy, and blossoms with us in July. 
Descr. Stem one and a half to two feet and more high, 


erect, branched, striated, more or less hairy, panicled 
above. Leaves pinnately trifoliolate, on very short petioles, 
with a linear-subulate downy stipule on each side. Leaflets 
petiolulate, two to three inches long, oblongo-lanceolate, 
obtuse, more or less downy. Racemes terminal, often 
branched, bearing many flowers. Pedicels short. Calyx 
two-lipped, hairy, reddish-green; upper lip broad, bifid; 
lower in three deep, lanceolate segments. Corolla of a fine 
purple rose-colour. Vexillum large, soon reflexed, with two 
white spots at the base of the limb, which are surrounded 
by a dark ring : Alee nearly as long as the vexillum, ob- 
long, obtuse, enclosing the carina. Legume about an inch 
and a half long, of generally five oval, or obscurely and 
bluntly triangular, downy joints, mostly tipped with the 
permanent style. 

Fig 1.^ Side view of a Flower. 2. The same with the Carina reflexed. 
6. Gaiyx. 4. Legume : — nat. size. 1 — 3 magnified. 

( 3554 ) 


Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Limnantheje. Br. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-partitus. Petala 5. Stamina 10. Nucula 5 — 
Herba annua, carnosa, glaberrima ( California ); fioribus 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

LlMNANTHES * DoUglasil. 

Limnanthes Douglasii. Br. in Lond. et Ed. Phil. Mag. 
July, 1833. Benth. in Hort. Trans. vA. N. S. p. 409. 
Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1673. 

A very pretty hardy annual, with fragrant flowers, dis- 
covered by the Naturalist whose name it bears in California, 
whence he sent both specimens and seeds to the Horticul- 
tural Society. It is not only a new Genus, but what gives 
additional interest is, that Mr. Brown has made it the type 
of a new Order, which, including Floerkea, another annual, 
glabrous, and succulent North American plant, he has 
called Limnanthes, and placed near GeraniacejE. The 
subject of our present plate flowers in June and July. 

Descr. Plant glabrous ; the stems much branched, espe- 
cially near the base, decumbent, eight to ten inches long, 
rounded. Leaves alternate, on long petioles, pinnated with 
one to three pairs of oblong or lanceolate leaflets, with an 


^/xmj, a lake, and «»0o f , a flower. The plant is believed to inhabit the 
sides of watery places. 

odd one : these are acute, entire, or incised, sometimes 
pmnatihd. Peduncles axillary, about as long as the leaves 
solitary, single-flowered. Calyx deeply cut into five lance- 
olate spreading entire segments. Petals five, inserted im- 
mediately beneath the filament, oblongo-cuneate, spread- 
ing, emarginate at the apex, yellow, white towards the 
extremity, veined, at the base on each side having a line of 
hairs. Stamens ten, shorter than the petals, pale yellow 
Filaments equal in height, every alternate one (opposite 
to the petal) with a concave gland at the back near the 
base. Anther oval, fixed by the back, turned outward. 
bermen of five deep, ovato-globose lobes. Style single, 

t°l rlT tl | e 1 stam f ns - S^mas of five rays, each tipped 
with a little globose head. 

giS: x /& l^r* PlstlL 3 0ne of the staraens beari1 * a 

( 3555 ) 


Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Old. — Liliace^;. Lindl. ) 

Generic Character. 

Spatha bivalvis, multiflora. Corolla urceolato-infundibu- 
liformis ; tubus cylindricus, erectus ; limbi Iaciniae 6, pro- 
funda?, aequales, lanceolate, paten tes. Corona (vei Necta- 
rium) e foliolis 3 distinctis vei in tnbum connatis, fissis. 
aequahbus, carnosis. Stamina 3 in fauce tubi, 3 intra tubum 
Anthers subsessiles, ovatae. Stylus teres, tubo multo bre- 
vior. Stigma turbinating depressum. Capsula ovata, tri- 
gona, trisulca, trilocularis ; valvulis3 emarginatis. Semina 
numerosa, oblonga, obtusa, compressa, corrugata. Lam. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Iulbaghia violacea; foliis lineari-ensiformibus numerosis, 
floribus patulis, tubo gracili limbum superante, peri- 
anthio interno triphyllo. Harv. 

Tulbaghia violacea. Harv. MSS. 

This beautiful plant, a native of Southern Africa, flow- 
ered in the Ludwigsburg garden, at the Cape of Good 
Hope; but its exact locality was not known to Mr. Har- 
vey, to whom we are indebted for the drawing and descrip- 
tion here given. The roots were immediately derived from 
the Government Gardens, the plant having been sent some 
years previously to Lady Frances Cole. 

Descr. Root? Leaves several, sheathing at the base, 
six to eight inches long, one fourth of an inch wide, linear- 
ensiform, plane, or obsoletely grooved, obtuse, quadrifari- 
°us, glabrous, coriaceous and rigid, bright green. Scape 


erect, a foot and more high,, slender, glabrous, filiform, 
bearing a simple umbel whose flowers open in succession. 
Spatha of two ovate, acute, membranaceous, patent, wrin- 
kled, purplish pieces. Flowers eight to nine, erect or 
patent, bright, purple, shining. Peduncles slender, about 
equal with the tube of the perianth. Perianth double: 
outer of one piece, salver-shaped ; tube three-fourths of an 
inch long, slender, triquetrous ; limb six-partite ; sepals in 
a double series, linear-obtuse equal in length with the 
tube, the margins incurved : interior of three leaves in- 
serted at the mouth of the tube, short, oblong, one-fourth 
the length of the limb, obtuse, or emarginate, or bifid, 
placed opposite the three interior segments. Stamens six, 
sessile, in a double row : the three upper ones opposite the 
three leaves of the inner perianth just described ; the three 
lower alternating with them. Ovary ovate, very short, 
with six furrows, three-celled : ovules numerous. Style 
cylindrical, short, somewhat angled, one-third the length 
of the tube : Stigma obtuse. Scent powerful, alliaceous. 

Fig. 1. Flower laid open. 2. Pistil. 3. Section of the Ovary '.—mag- 


( 3556 ) 

Petunia violacea ; hybrida. Purple 
Petunia ; hybrid var. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Oi'd. SoLANEiE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx breve tubulosus., laciniis foliosis. Corolla tubo 
cylindraceo v. ventricoso, limbo plicato inaequali piano 5- 
lobo. Stamina 5, inaequalia, inclusa, medio tubo corollae 
inserta. Ovarium disco insertum, dente unico utrinque ad 
suturam instructo. Stigma capitaturn. Capsula valvis 2 
integris, seminibus sphaericis reticulatis. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Petunia* violacea ; caule debili viscido-piloso, foliis brevi- 
petiolatis acutis, corollae ventricosae laciniis rotundatis 

Petunia violacea. Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1626. 

Salpiglossis integrifolia. Hook. Bot. Mag. t. 3113. 

Nierembergia phaenicea. Sw. Brit. Fl. Gard. N. S. t. 193. 

Hybrida. (Tab. nostr. 3556.) 

The charming groupe here figured represents seedling 
varieties of a hybrid between Petunia violacea and P. 
nyctaginiflora, and it must be confessed that here, as in 
many other vegetable productions, the art and skill of the 
Horticulturist has improved nature. Cultivation, alone, 
has, indeed, very much increased the size of the flowers and 
foliage of this plant: so that it can scarcely be recognized 


From Pctun, the Brazilian name of the Genus, according to Jussieu. 

as belonging to the same species as the native specimens sent 
by Mr. Tweedie ; while in plants that are raised from seeds 
which are the offspring of P. nyctaginiflora and P. violacea 
(as represented in the annexed plate), the tube becomes 
longer, and narrower than in the latter, and the whole 
plant, save in colour, almost precisely similar to the former. 
There are various shades of purple on the corollas, but in 
every one the tint, though often exceedingly brilliant on the 
first expansion, soon fades to a paler and less bright hue. 
Some are pale pink, streaked within with deep purple lines, 
very much after the manner of Salpiglossis picta : — others 
are nearly of a pure white ; but all have the tube dark- 
coloured. These varieties are equally hardy with the 

With regard to the Genus of this plant, I never can 
consent to its being referred to Nierembergia ; but I do 
entirely agree with Professor Lindley in uniting it with 
Petunia, and gladly adopt the amended character which 
that able Botanist has given of this Genus, and the views he 
has taken of its structure and affinities. 

These varieties of Petunia and the Phlox Drummondii 
were decidedly among the greatest ornaments of the green- 
house in the Glasgow Botanic Garden during the month of 
May (1836), a season too early for them to come to perfec- 
tion in the open border. 

( 3557 ) 

Epidendrum chloroleucum. Green and 
White-flowered Epidendrum. 


Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^i. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala patentia, subaequalia. Petala sepalis aequalia v. 
angustiora rarius latiora, patentia v. reflexa. Labellum cum 
marginibus columnae omnino vel parte connatum, limbo in- 
tegro vel diviso, disco saspius calloso, costato v. tuberculato; 
nunc in calcar productum ovario accretum et cuniculum 
formans. Columna elongata; clinandrio marginato saepe 
fimbriate. Anthera carnosa 2—4 locularis. Pollinia 4, 
caudiculistotidem replicatis annexa. — Herbae (Americana) 
epiphytee, caule nunc apice v. basi pseudo-bulboso, nunc 
etongato apice folioso. Folia carnosa, rarissime yenis eleya- 
tis striata. Flores spicati, racemosi, corymbosi vel panicu- 
lati, terminales vel laterales. Lindl. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Epidendrum chloroleucum ; pseudo-bulbis oblongo-ovatis 
diphyllis, foliis ensiformibus racemum simplicem 33- 
quantibus, sepalis petalisque patentibus spathulatis, 
labelli omnino liberi trilobi lobis lateralibus oblongis 
erectis columnam in parte tegentibus intermedio cor- 
dato acute, disco lineis tribus elevatis. 

Imported from Demerara by John Allcard, Esq., who 
kindly communicated the flowering specimen here repre- 
sented in September, 1836. That zealous cultivator justly 
remarks its near affinity with my Encyclia patens (Bot. Mag. 
t. 3013), which Professor Lindley, I do not doubt properly, 


refers to Epidendrum, and which he describes under the 
name of Epidendrtjm odoratissimum (Bot. Reg. t. 1415). 
The figure just quoted, indeed, more resembles our plant 
than it does my Encyclia patens ; but the lip is different, 
and the flowers are by no means fragrant. 

Descr. Bulbs oblong-ovate, somewhat wrinkled, and 
sheathed with large scales. Leaves two, terminal, eight to 
ten inches long, oblong-ensiform, coriaceous, faintly striat- 
ed, the margin a little reflexed. Scape arising from the 
apex of the bulb between the leaves, bearing a single ra- 
ceme of eight to ten scentless flowers. Sepals and petals 
spreading, equal, spathulate, green. Lip entirely free from, 
but closely allied to, the column, white, three-lobed, the 
lateral lobes curved upwards, and in part surrounding the 
column, intermediate one cordate, acute, with three slightly 
elevated lines on the disk. Column pale green, semicylin- 
drical, grooved above, on each side having a projecting 
white ring. Anther hemispherical. 

Fig. 1. Column and Lip. 2. Lip. 3. Column. 

( 3558 ) 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Cacte^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala numerosa imbricata, basi ovarii adnata, in tubtim 
brevissimum concreta, exteriora invoiucrifornriia, iittima 
petalifonnia. Stamina numerosa. Stylus filiformis apice 
multifidus. Bacca sepalorum reliquiis subsquamata. Coty- 
ledones nullse ?— Frutices simplicissimi carnosi ovati aid 
globosi melocactoidei costati aphylli, costis tuberculis conflu- 
enlibus quasi f or matis, dorso aculeorumjasciculos gerentibus. 
Cephalium seu spadix nullus. Flores efasciculis aculeorum 
ad apices costarum orti, similes Jloribus Cerei sed tubo vix 
ullo donati. D C. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Echinocactus mammillarioides ; subrotundo-cylindraceus 
mammillosus, mammillis magnis conico-hemisphaericis 
subangulatis in costas 14—16 subspirales irregularis 
dispositis, apicibus lanosis spinis sub-7 breviuscuhs 
gracilibus patentibus pallidis terminate, flonbus Havo- 

Introduced by Mr. Hitchin from Chili, and now in the 
rich collection of Cactej3 of Messrs. Mackje ot the Lakeri- 
ham Nursery, near Norwich, who kindly communicated the 
drawing of the flowering specimen in the autumn of last 
year (1836). They justly observe, that the species appears 
in the structure of the stem to be intermediate between Mam- 
millauia and Echinocactus. It is covered with mammillae ot 

a large size indeed, but these are arranged in costae, which 
are irregular, and slightly spiral ; but the flowers appear to 
be quite those of the latter genus. 

Not having seen the living specimen, I do not attempt a 
description; nor does the excellent figure seem to require 
it. It flowers very freely, and the blossoms continue in 
perfection for several days. In one instance, there were 
about sixteen flowers expanded upon the same plant at one 


( 3559 ) 

Begonia octopetala. Eight-petaled 

Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Begoniace.e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Masc. Calyx o. Corolla polypetala, petalis plerumque 
4, inaequalibus. — F^m. Calyx o. Corolla petalis 4— 9, 
plerumque inaequalibus. Styli3, bifidi. Capsula triquetra, 
alata, triloeularis, polysperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Begonia octopetala ; acaulis, foliis longe petiolatis cordatis 
lobatis serratis, pedunculo lougissimo, floribus mascu- 
lis subocto faemineis subsex petalis, capsular ala ob- 
longa elongata porrecta. 

Begonia octopetala. L'Herit. Stirp. p. 101. Spreng. Syst. 
Veget. v. 2. p. 627. 

Tubers of this truly fine species of Begonia were sent in 
1835 from Lima, by John M'Lean, Esq., to the Glasgow 
Botanic Garden, where the large flowers, like those of an 
Anemone, were produced in the stove during the months of 
October and November in the following year. Dried spe- 
cimens were also communicated by Mr. Mathews from the 
same country : but they do not appear in any of the sets 
which were distributed by that zealous Botanist. It was 
originally discovered by Dombey, and from his dried speci- 
mens it would appear L'Heritier/s description was made. 
Living plants also were at that time in theJardindes Plantes, 
hut they did not produce flowers. We have found that 
those individuals bloomed best, which were in the warmest 
situation in the stove. 


Descr. Root tuberous. Stem none. Leaves upon long, 
succulent, downy petioles, a foot and a half or more in length, 
cordate, from six inches to a span long, deeply lobed and 
serrated at the margin, slightly downy, most so upon the 
prominent veins beneath, of a bright green colour. Scape 
about as long as the petioles, rounded, downy, bearing the 
large, greenish-whiteyZozeers in corymbs ; in the dried spe- 
cimens each peduncle has two or three such corymbs, and 
in each corymb of from four to sixflozvers, the upper flowers 
are male, the lower female : pedicels with caducous bracteas. 
Male flowers two inches in diameter, of eight or nine obo- 
vate, spreading, unequal petals, of which the outer ones are 
greener than the inner. Stamens exceedingly numerous, of 
which several in the centre are abortive, club-headed ones. 
—Female flowers smaller than the male. Petals fewer, 
generally six. Germen downy, turbinate, triquetrous, three- 
lobed, two of the angles with small, indistinct wings, the 
third with a very large, oblong, porrected one, slightly 
toothed and reddish at the extremity. Stvles several, 
branched. Stigmas lobed, penicillate. 

Fig. 1. Pistil, slightly magnified. 2. Stamen. 3. Abortive ditto : mag- 


( 3560 ) 



Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ol'd. Scrophularin^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx tubulosus, angulatus, 5-dentatus. Corolla perso- 
nata ; labio superiore bilobo lateribus reflexo ; inferiore 
trifido, laciniis subaequalibus. Stamina 4, didynama. An- 
therarum lobis divaricatis. Stigma bilamelJatum. Capsula 
calyce inclusa, biloeularis, loculicido-bivalvis ; valvis inte- 
gris. Kunth. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Mimulus cardinalis; villosus subviscidus, foliisobovato-lan- 
ceolatis dentatis subquinquenerviis basi connatis, pe- 
dunculis elongatis, dentibus calycinis subaequalibus 
acutis, corollas laciniis emarginatis reflexis. 

Mimulus cardinalis. Dougl. MSS. Lindl. in Hort. Trans. 
N. S. v. % p. 70. t. 3. Sweet, Br. Fl. Gard. t. 358. 

Of the several species of Mimulus discovered by Mi- 
Douglas on the fertile shores of N. W. America, this was 
among the last, as it certainly is the most beautiful, of the 
whole, though its beauty is somewhat diminished by the 
reflexed position of the scarlet lobes of the corolla. It is a 
native of California, and may be considered a hardy annual, 
Wl *h us, readily increasing both by seeds and cuttings. 

Descr. Stem a foot to a foot and a half high, erect, 
hairy and slightly viscid, bearing numerous opposite branches 
and opposite leaves, which latter are two to four inches long, 
obovato-lanceolate, connate toothed, except near the base, 
somewhat distinctly three or five-nerved, with a few oblique 


veins. Peduncles axillary, generally longer than the flowers, 
hairy. Calyx tubular, downy, marked with five prominent 
ribs, the limb oblique, of five, nearly equal teeth. Tube of 
the corolla a little longer than the calyx j limb oblique, of 
four deep lobes, the upper one bifid, the segments reflexed, 
emarginate. Stamens and style protruded. The plant has 
a faint smell of musk, when passed through the hand. 

3 '<>; 

( 3561 ) 
Echinocactus Mackieanus. Mr. M ackie's 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — CactEvE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala numerosa imbricata, basi ovarii adnata, in tubum 
brevissimum concreta, exteriora involucriformia, intima pe- 
taliformia. Stamina numerosa. Stylus filiformis, apice 
multifidus. Bacca sepalorum reliquiis subsquamata. Coty- 
ledones nullae ? — Frutices simplicissimi carnosi ovati aut 
globosi melocactoidei costati aphylli, costis tuberculis conflu- 
entibus quasi formatis, dorso aculeorum fasciculos geren- 
tibus. Cephalium sew spadix nullus. Flores efasciculis acu- 
leorum ad apices costarum orti, similes floribus Cerei sed tubo 
vix ullo donati. D. C. 

Specific Character. 

Echinocactus Mackieanus; obovatus mammillosus, mam- 
millis magnis conico-depressis in costas 16 — 17 subre- 
gulares dispositis apicibns lanosis spinis 8 — 10 longis 
gracilibus patentibus fuscis terminatis, floribus albis 
apicibus rubro-tinctis. 

This species is also from the rich collection of Messrs. 
Mackie of the Lakenham Nursery, and like that given at t. 
&>58 has a considerable affinity with the Genus Mammil- 
laria : but it is a much more neatly made and elegant spe- 
cies. The drawing came marked as " E. melocactiformis :" 
out it cannot be the species so called of De Candolle, figur- 
ed at tab. 10 of the "Revue de la Famille des Cactees" which 
is a totally different plant. Ours, we believe, was formerly in 
Mr. Hitchin's collection, where it was derived from Kew. 


It is probably a native of Chili, like the Echinocactus mam- 
millarioides . 

The Messrs. Mackie observe in their letter, that this is a 
fine species, but of very slow growth, and more difficult to 
keep m health than the genuine Echinocacti ; it requires 
however the same treatment. 

( 3562 ) 

Rytidophyllum auriculatum. Auricu- 
lated Rytidophyllum. 

************ ********** 

Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — GesneriacejE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx ovario toto adnatus, limbo quinquedentato-fidove. 
Corolla supera, campanulata, medio constricta, limbo quin- 
quelobo. Stamina quatuor didynama : cum quinti postici 
mdimento. Antherte liberae aut anisogeneae cohaerentes. 
Discus epigynus, crassus, annularis, sinuosus. Capsula 
sicca, cum calyce subquinquecostato connata, vertice piano 
bivalvis, placentis duabus parietalibus, polysperma, semin- 
ioua fusiformibus. — Arbusculae aut frutices, radicibus jibro- 
m» ramis alternis sparsisve hirtis, foliis stipulatis breviter 
petiolatis sparsis, subtus insigniter hirtis, parenchymate in 
superiore pagina in bullas parvas apice pilum ferentes ele- 
vato. Flores cymosi in pedunculis ex supremis foliorum alts 
virides, unicolores aut sanguineo-punctati (aut unicolores 
sanguinei ?) Mart. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Rytidophyllum * auriculatum ; foliis lato-lanceolatis obli- 
que subfalcatis crenatis basi utrinque auriculatis ses- 

The learned Martius has, I think with justice, separated 
trom Gesneria, G. tomentosa, h, G grandis, Sw., and G 
scabra, all West Indian species, readily distinguished by 


* Fr °m pvTn, ,J„, wrinkle, and f a*", a leaf, from the rough, or wrinkled, 
lace of the upper side of the foliage. 

their somewhat arborescent or shrubby stems, fibrous roots, 
pedunculated cymes, scattered leaves, with the parenchyme 
singularly wrinkled on the upper surface, each little promi- 
nence surmounted with a hair or papilla, to which characters 
that author adds the presence of stipules. To this groupe 
our present plant certainly belongs, although I can find 
no trace of stipules. Prom all the previously described 
species, it is known by its entirely sessile and auriculated 
leaves. Seeds of it were brought to Mr. Murray by the 
mate of a vessel from Rio Janeiro : but as no species of the 
Genus has been described as an inhabitant of Brazil, it is 
probable that it came originally from some of the West 
India Islands. The figure of Gesneria grandis given in the 
Nouv. Diet, des Sciences at first sight much resembles this ; 
but it will be seen that the leaves are petiolated, and that 
there are two heart-shaped stipules at the base ; the flowers 
too, are of a very different colour. Our plant flowered in 
Nov. 1836. 

Descr. Stem, in our plants, three and five feet high, but 
little branched, densely woolly. Leaves a foot and more 
long in the older plants, broadly lanceolate, somewhat 
obliquely falcate, crenato-serrated, sessile, auriculated at 
the base, very wrinkled and bullate above and downy, deep 
green, beneath paler and more downy, beautifully reticulat- 
ed with nerves, having very depressed areolae. Peduncles as 
long as the leaves, erect, downy, bearing a di- trichotomous 
cyme. Calyx hairy, five-fid, the tube adhering to the ger- 
men : the segments acuminate, spreading. Corolla yellow- 
green and silky externally, within yellow, spotted with red, 
tubular: the tube short, curved : the limb spreading, with 
five rather acute lobes. Stamens curved, with the anthers 
connate. Germen wholly inferior; the apex surrounded 
by a five-lobed, fleshy disk. Style as long as the stamens : 
Stigma clavate, oblique. 

( 3563 ) 


A\ A'. A'* A'. A'. A'. A'* A/. A/. A'. A'. A'. A'. A'. A/. A / . A'- A'- A': .'I'- A- A'- 

Class ««rf Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide.e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala patentia, supremum galeatum, lateralia divaricate. 
Petala nana, obliqua, apice truncata, subpatcntia. Label- 
lum unguiculatum, cum basi column® elastice articulatum, 
trilobum, lobo intermedio minore saccato. Columna erec- 
ta, marginata, basi saccata. Pollinia 2, linearia, convoluta, 
caudicula lineari-subulata, glandula minuta. Rostellum 
subulatum. — Epiphyta, racemis cernuis multifioris, vegeta- 
tione Maxillariae Colacis. Lindl. 

Specific Name and Sj/notii/ms. 

Acropera * Loddigesii. 

Acropera Loddigesii. Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orchid, p. 172. 

Maxillaria galeata. Lindl. in Lodd. Bot. Cab. t. 1645. 

. A very singular Epiphytous Orchideous plant, introduced 
into the stoves of this country from Xalapa of Mexico by 
Mr George Loddiges, whence Dr. Lindley has been led 
[p distinguish it by his name : a compliment which that 
jberal and able Horticulturist well merits. The habit of 
he plant is quite peculiar : the racemes are quite pendent, 
and m the state of bud and after the first expansion, the 
l °0g and regularly decurved ovaries are arranged in three 


Vo-nH ? G name is P r obably derived from ccx^, the extremity, and «{« be- 
» ia > irom the little saccate appendage at the apex of the labellum. 
V °I- XI. F1 E 

rows. Our plants, in the Glasgow Botanic Garden, for 
which we are indebted to Mr. Loddiges, blossomed in Sep- 
tember ; but the flowers are of very short duration. 

Descr. Bulbs ovate, clustered, clothed with two or three 
large, sheathing, membranaceous scales, bearing at the 
summit, two, rarely one, broadly -lanceolate, nerved leaf. 
Raceme six to eight inches long, arising from the base of 
the bulbs, and pendent. Germen long, cylindrical, decurv- 
ed, at first arranged in three rows, tapering a little below 
into a footstalk. Sepals three, oblongo-ovate, the two side 
ones spreading, their margins reflexed ; the upper one hel- 
met-shaped and carinated, all of them pale brownish-yellow, 
inclining to green. Petals small, oblongo-falcate, truncate 
at the apex, the angles tooth-like. Lip articulated on the 
base of the column, oblong, yellow-brown, the two large 
side lobes mflexed, the extreme one saccate. Column green- 
ish-yellow, spotted, somewhat winged at the margin : above 
the stigma is a long beak (rostellum), which receives the 
gland ot the pollen -mass. Anther-case hemispherical. 
Pollen-masses double, oblong, compressed, cleft at the 
margin above on one side : gland very long, subulate. 

pJSEiSTT; Lip^^ hicb the Sepals have been removed - 3 

( 3564 ) 

Begonia monoptera. Single-winged 

Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Begoniace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Masc. Calyx o. Corolla polypetala, petalis plerumque 
4, inaequalibus. FjEm. Calyx o. Corolla petalis 4 — 9, 
plerumque inaequalibus. Styli 3, bifidi. Capsula trique- 
tral alata, trilocularis, polysperma. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Begonia monoptera ; pubescens, foliis longe petiolatis an- 
gulatis crenatis subtus insigniter papillosis sanguineis 
radicalibus reuiformibus vix obliquis, caulinis oblique 
cuneatis, racemo composite, germinis ala solitaria 
elongata corniformi. 

This is one of the many species of this handsome Genus, 
for which our stoves are indebted to Mr. Otto of the Royal 
Berlin Garden. It was introduced from Brazil to that col- 
lection in 1826, by Mr. Deppe. It flowers in July. 

Descr. Stem erect, one to two feet high, rounded, geni- 
culated and swollen at the joints, of a dull red colour, 
minutely papillose and downy. Radical leaves on long, 
re d stalks, large, somewhat reniform, truncate at the base, 
scarcely at all oblique, those of the stern remote, much 
smaller, on short petioles, roundish, obliquely cuneate, all 
of them angled and crenate, of a dark rather lurid green 
above, when seen under a microscope obscurely papillose, 
each papilla terminated by a short soft hair, beneath re- 
markably papillose, except upon the nerves (which arc 

radiating) ; 

radiating) ; the papillae flattened and somewhat wrinkled 
at the top, amongst them are a few scattered hairs. Sti- 
pules ovate-oblong, entire, green. Raceme terminal, elon- 
gated ; pedicels one to two inches long, solitary or two or 
three from the same point, simple or branched. Bracteas 
two or three, bearing little gemmae as well as the pedicels 
from their axils. Where the pedicels are solitary, the 
flower is female ; where there are two or three, one is male, 
the remainder, (one or two,) female. All have mostly 
flowers with four white, petaloid, spreading sepals, two 
opposite ones large and oval, the other two much smaller 
and oblong, or sometimes five, and sometimes six, unequal 
sepals. Filaments of the stamens club-shaped, yellow, with 
a cell under the apex at each side. Germen turbinate, 
downy, with three angles ; one of whidi is expanded into a 
horizontal, horn-like wing. Stigmas yellow, hairy. 


» "// VI //,/,.,. ,,/., 

C 3565 ) 

Epidendrum diffusum. Spreading 


Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Old. — Orchide^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala patentia, subaequalia. Petala sepalis aequalia v. 
angustiora, rarius latiora., patentia v. reflexa. Labellum 
cum marginibus columnae omnino v. parte connatum, 
limbo integro v. diviso, disco saepius calloso, costato v. 
tuberculato ; nunc in calcar productum ovario accretum et 
auriculum formans. Columna elongata; clinandrio margi- 
nato, saepe fimbriato. Anthera carnosa, 2 — 4-locuIaris. 
Pollinia 4t, caudiculis totidein replicatis annexa. — Herbs 
( ' Americanae) epiphyta, caule nunc apice vel basi pseudo- 
bulboso, nunc elongato apice folioso. Folia carnosa, raris- 
simevenis elevatis striata. Flores spicati racemosi, corym- 
bosi v. paniculate terminates v. laterales. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Epidendrum diffusum ; foliis oblongis, caule ancipiti, pani- 
cula terminali ramosissima, sepalis lineari-lanceolatis 
petalisque setaceis erecto-patentibus striatis, labello 
cordato acuminato basi bicalloso. Lindl. 

Epidendrum diffusum. Swartz, Fl. Ind. Occ. v. 3. t. 1503. 
Loddiges, Bot. Cab. t. 846. Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 3. 
V 737. Lindl. Gen. et. Sp. Orchid, p. 102. 

Not an uncommon inhabitant of the trunks of trees in the 
hilly parts of Jamaica, whence we have often received spe- 
cimens for the Herbarium ; and Professor Lindlev, upon 
the authority of Pavon., gives it as a native also of Mexico. 


Swartz states the flowers to be red (sanguinei), but he pro- 
bably made his descriptions from the dried state of the 
plant, when they certainly have a reddish tinge : but in the 
several recent specimens we have seen, the blossoms have 
been invariably of the colour here represented. Our figure 
was taken in November 1837, from plants, sent to J. Al- 
card, Esq. from St. Michael's Mount, Jamaica : and it was 
flowering also at the same time in the stoves of the Glasgow 
Botanic Garden, the specimens having been transmitted to 
Mr. Murray, by Mr. Niven, Overseer of White River 
Estates, who sent it with Broughtonia sanguined and other 
rarities from the same island. 

Descr. Stem five to six inches long, flexuose and more 
or less reclined, compressed, leafy. Leaves eight to ten, 
distichous, broadly oblong, spreading, coriaceous, dark 
green, obtuse, sheathing at the base. Panicle terminal, six 
or eight inches to a foot long, branched from the base, 
branches and branchlets spreading, slender. Flowers small, 
of a uniform pale yellow-green colour. Sepals narrow, 
lanceolate, and, as well as the almost subulate or setaceous 
petals, spreading. Lip cordate, acuminate, waved, with two 
callous, raised hairs at the base, the claw completely united 
with the column. This latter is triangular. Anther-case 
hemispherical, having two small cells, in which lie the 
pale-coloured pollen-masses, which are connected by a small 

Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Underside of Anther-case. 3. Pollen-masses:— 

( 3566 ) 
Cereus serpentinus. Serpent-like Cereus. 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Cacte^;. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala numerosissima imbricata basi ovario adnata, in 
tubum elongatum concretum, exteriora breviora calycinalia, 
media longiora colorata, intima petaliformia. Stamina 
numerosissima cum tubo concreta. Stylus filiformis apice 
multifidus. Bacca sepalorum reliquiis areolata tuberculosa 
aut squamata. Cotj/ledones nullae ? — Frutices carnosi elon- 
gati axi ligneo interne medullifero donati, angiitis vertical- 
ibus spinarum fasciculos gerentibus regulariter sulcati. 
Anguli seu alee nunc plurimce, nunc paucissima? , rarius dum 
tantum et tunc rami compresso-alati. Flores ampli e spina- 
rum fasciculis aut crenis angulorum orti. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cereus serpentinus ; subrepens flexuosus subscandens obtu- 
sissime 1 1— 12-gonus, setis fasciculatis lanugine parca 
demum obsoleta multo longioribus, tubo florah basi 
valde setifero. _ 

Cereus serpentinus. " Lag. Annul. Cienc. Nut. 1801. p. 
261." De Cand. Diss. Cact. t. 12. 

Cactus serpentinus. Willd. Enum. Suppl. 31. Link et 
Otto, Ic. Pict. t. 91. 

For the opportunity of figuring this fine Cereus, I am 
indebted to Mr. Mackay of the Norwich Nursery, in whose 
extensive collection of succulent plants (formerly Mr. 
Hitchin's) it produced flowers, from which the accompany- 
ing drawing was made. Mr. Mackay observes, that it is a 
night-blooming: species, that the blossom remains expanded 
° 1 about 

about the same time as the C. grandiflorus (Tab. 3381) 
is strongly scented, and that the plant is more hardy than 
that species, but less so than the Echinocacti. 

Descr. Stem long, creeping unless supported, branched, 
jointed ; the joints long, cylindrical, an inch or an inch and 
a half in diameter, and marked with from eleven to twelve 
angles, on which are numerous fascicled, spinous setae, in- 
termixed with short tufts of a woolly substance. The 
flower is large, handsome, fragrant, terminating a joint of 
which it seems to be a continuation, there being no well- 
defined mark between the termination of the one and the 
commencement of the other. Tube three to four inches 
long, clothed with several linear, green, strongly ciliated 
scales. Petals numerous, linear, acute, spreading, of a pale 
whitish flesh colour within, reddish or brick colour without. 
Stamens much protruded, very numerous, forming a deep 
cup : filaments white : anthers yellow. Stigma of four to 
five rays, white. 


( 3567 ) 

Ceropegia stapeliiformis. Stapelia-like 


A'-. .Sfc A'-, ji'i A'* Af* A'. A/. A / . A'. ^ ■ v I / . . v l / . A'. A'. As* A / . .Sk .^ ■. v t / . A ^■I / . 
rf? 7f? "4^ vjr "vfc* vf? Tfr -/'fr vjs vs>" vf.* •/£>• vis v}>* vf? /K -t- vf? VIS 4 ■> vt? >f 

Class *ma" Order. 
Pentandria Digynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Asclepiade^;. ) 

Generic Character. 

Corona staminea exterior abbreviata, 5-loba ; interior 5- 
phylla, foliolis ligularibus indivisis. Masses pollinis basi 
affixae, marginibus simplicibus. Stigma muticum. Folli- 
culi cylindracei, laeves. Semina comosa. Br. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Ceropegia stapeliiformis; volubilis? aphylla ramosa, ramis 
teretibus dentibus mollibus spiniformibus subverticil- 
latis, floribus 1—2 e ramis propriis brevibus, corollas 
limbo intus hirsuto-tomentoso laciniis liberis recurvis 
carinatis, lobis coronas staminea? exterioris brevibus 
ernarginatis, interioris elongatis filiformibus. 

Ceropegia stapeliiformis. Hort. Kew. 

This remarkable plant is probably a native of the East 
Indies, and was received at the Glasgow Botanic Garden 
from the Royal Gardens of Kew, with the appropriate name 
here adopted. It flowers in the stove in April. 

Descr. Stem, in our plant, about the thickness of one's 
finger, full of a milky juice, rounded, glabrous, of a dark 
lurid green colour, glabrous, marked with soft, spinitorm 
processes, three in a whorl, each with two little points from 
within which the branches arise, these are long, slender, 
apparently climbing, of a dark purple colour, and have the 
soft, spine-like teeth above mentioned alternate and whorl- 
e d Flowers one to two, from short branches. Peduncle 



two to three lines long, thickened upwards. Calyx five- 
partite, the segments subulate. Corolla two inches long- • 
tube curved, swelling below, and constricted just above the 
base, greenish-white, spotted above and below with deep 
purple : the tube expanded upwards to form the limb, which 
is cut into five segments, dark purple without and glabrous, 
white and hairy within, they soon separate, and are curved 
backwards, the sides are closely reflexed, so that the upper 
side presents a sharp keel, giving a very singular appear- 
ance to the blossom. Staminal crown with the exterior lobes 
short erect, or slightly patent, emarginate, inner elon- 
gated, erecto-connivent, filiform. 

Fig. 1. Staminal Crown:— magnified. 

( 3568 ) 

Oncidium Cebolleta. Rounded-leaved 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium explanation. Sepala saepius undulata : late- 
ralibus nunc sub Jabello connatis. Petala conformia. La- 
bellum maximum, ecalcaratum, cum columna continuum, 
varie lobatum, basi tuberculatum v. cristatum. Columna 
libera, teres, apice utrinque alata. Anthera semibilocularis, 
rostello nunc abbreviate-, nunc elongate- rostrato. Pollinia 
2, postice sulcata, caudicula plana, glandula oblonga. — 
Herbae epiphytce, nunc pseudo-bulbosce. Folia coriacea. 
Scapi paniculati vaginati, rarius simplices. Flores speciosi, 
lutei 3 scepius maculati, raro albi. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Oncidium Cebolleta ; bulbis minutis vaginatis unifoliatis, 
foliis teretibus subulatis, scapo stricto paniculato mul- 
tifloro, sepalis petalisque obovato-lanceolatis undulatis, 
labello profunde trilobo, lobis lateralibus patentissimis 
obovatis, lobo medio reniformi basi unguiculato apice 
emarginato, crista triloba tuberculata, columnar alis 
rotundatis brevibus. 

Oncidium Cebolleta. Swartz, Act. Holm. 1800, p. 240. 
Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orchid, p. 207. 

Epidendrum Cebolleta. Jacq. Amer. p. 230. t. 131. / 2. 
(without flower.) 

Oncidium juncifolium. Lindl. Coll. Bot. p. 27. 

Epidendrum juncifolium. Linn. Sp. PI. p. 1351. 

Cymbidium juncifolium. Willd. Sp. PI. v. 4. p. 102. 

Of this singular and handsome Orchideous plant, I am 
not aware that the flowers had been seen in this country, 


till a fine panicle appeared in the stove of the Glasgow 
Botanic Garden* in April, 1836, on a plant which that 
establishment derived from Mr. Locrhart of Trinidad. 
The blossoms, of long duration, have considerable bright- 
ness of colour, and make a singular contrast with the harsh, 
thick, dark green, and almost spindle-shaped leaves. 

Descr. If the base of the leaves, which is more or less 
clothed with a ragged, sheathing membrane, be examined, 
it will be seen that each of them is jointed on to a small 
bulb, not much larger than a pea. The leaves are erect, 
terete, obscurely marked with lines, having a rather deep 
furrow in front, in the middle about as thick as one's finger, 
tapering a little below, acuminated to a sharp point at the 
apex : the whole of a harsh and rigid texture, and of a dark 
green colour. From the base a spotted scape arises, about 
two feet in height, much branched and panicled upwards, 
many-flowered. Flowers rather small. Sepals spreading, 
nearly equal, narrow - obovate, waved, greenish -yellow, 
spotted with dull red. Lip patent, large, deeply three- 
lobed, bright yellow : two lateral lobes broadly obovate, 
red at the lower margin near the base; middle lobe much 
the largest, kidney-shaped, with a notch at the apex : disk 
with a prominent crest with three distinct lobes or teeth, 
and some lesser ones, yellow, spotted with red. Column 
short : with a rounded wing on each side of the stigma. 
Anther hemispherical, yellow, blotched with red-brown. 

* Since the above was printed, we learn that it is blossoming at this 
time m the Collection of Charles Horsfall, Esq., Liverpool. 

Fig. 1. Column and Lip :— magnified. 

. ■ , 1 ■ 

( 3569 ) 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Cacte^;. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala numerosa imbricata, basi ovarii adnata, in tubuni 
brevissimum concreta, exteriora involucriformia, intima 
petaliformia. Stamina numerosa. Stylus filiformis apicc 
multifidus. Bacca sepalorum reliqui is subsquamata. Coty- 
ledones nullse ?— Frutices simplicissimi carnosi oyati aut 
globosi melocactoidei costati aphylli, costis tuberculis conflu- 
entibus quasi f or matis, dorso aculeorumfasciculos gerentibus. 
Cephalium seu spadix nullus. Flores efasciculis aculeorum 
ad apices costarum orti, similes Jloribus Cerei sed tubo vix 
ullo donati. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Echinocactus sessiliflorus ; parvus depresso-globosus, costis 
12 acutiusculis, spinarum fasciculis paucissimis, spun* 
breviusculis 4—6 snbvalidis albis recurvo-patulis, flo- 
ris tubo brevi, petalis flavis lineari-spathulatis. 

Echinocactus sessiliflorus. Hort. Mackie. 

From the Norwich Nursery, whence the charming draw - 
ing here engraved was kindly communicated by Messrs. 
Mackie. The beautiful, short, white, and distinctly-placed 
fascicles of spines form a singular contrast with the dark 
green of the plant, and together with the short and much 
depressed stem, readily distinguish it from E. Ottonis, figured 
at tab. 3107 of this work. It flowers freely, producing seve- 
ral blossoms every year ^ ^ 

Mr. Frederic Mackie, whose skill and experience in 
Horticulture are very great,, observes, that he is very suc- 
cessful in flowering the different species of Echinocactus, 
by growing them " very near the glass, and during the 
summer time, in a very high temperature, by keeping the 
upper glasses of the house close : strong light and heat 
being necessary for expanding their blossoms in perfection. 
Some of them will close immediately upon being removed 
to a cooler place. It is also very necessary to have the 
pots well drained, as the roots are liable to decay if the 
earth is at all sodden with moisture. I think that setting 
the free growing species in poor soil is quite a mistake, for 
we invariably find that they thrive better in good soil, pro- 
vided it be well drained, and if they are planted in small 


( 3570 ) 



& iSki A', titmsbt A A', A'i iSfc &• A ^6 A ^ A A ■SI' A A .4'- ■!& fit 

Class awrf Order. 
Decandria Pentagynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — CrassulacEjE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-partitus, sepalis folia referentibus erectis ima 
basi subconcretis. Petala b, inferne coalita erecta crassa 
rigidula ad nervum medium crassiora et fere basi trigona 
acuta. Stamina 10 petalis breviora basi cum petalis con- 
creta. Squama 5 breves obtusaB. Carpella 5 in stylos 
subulatos abeuntia. — Frutices carnosi Mexicani. Folia 
alterna caulina aut rosulata subopposita integerrima enervia. 
Flores secus rachin aut secus cymce ramos sessiles, coccinei 
autjiavi. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Echeveria * racemosa ; foliis rosulatis densis linguaeformi- 
lanceolatis acutiusculis cartilagineo-marginatis, supra 
convexiusculis subtus convexo-carinatis, caule sparsnn 
folioso simplici vel ramoso racemoso, laciniis calycinis 
aequalibus acutissimis patenti-reflexis. 

Echeveria racemosa. Hort. Claremont. 

Four species of this handsome Genus are described by 
De Candolle, all natives of Mexico or California, and a 
fifth (Mexican one) is described by Haworth : from all 
these our plant differs in the inflorescence, and still more in 


So named by M. De Caxdolle in honor of Echevera, a Mexican 
botanical painter. 


the foliage. The Glasgow Garden has received it from the 
Berlin Garden, but without a name, and from that of Clare- 
mont under the appellation here adopted. Of its history, I 
regret to say I know nothing : it is probably a native of 
Mexico. The flowers are produced copiously in the green- 
house, in the summer and autumn months. 

Descr. Succulent, sufrruticose. Barren stems short, 
thickly clothed with rosulate tufts of fleshy leaves, of a 
brownish-green colour and glaucous hue, two to four inches 
long, in form between lanceolate and linguiform, slightly 
concave above, convex and keeled beneath, the margin 
white and cartilaginous -.flowering stems nearly a foot high, 
rounded, glaucous, sparingly leafy, with leaves of the same 
shape as those of the barren stems, but narrower and gra- 
dually becoming smaller. Raceme elongated, many-flow- 
ered. Pedicels curved. Calyx 5-partite, fleshy, glaucous, 
the segments ovato-lanceolate, very sharp-pointed. Corolla 
red, of five, erect, carinated petals, gibbous at the base, and 
there united so as to appear monopetalous. Stamens ten, 
nve at the base of the petals, and alternate with them, five 
shorter ones inserted a little above the middle of the petals. 
Hypogynous glands five, small, white, fleshy, one at the 
base of each germen. Pistils five, standing close, erect : 
Germen ovate, tapering into a rather short, slender style : 
stigma obtuse. 

ruSi i\PT' With th0 , C< ? rolla ^ °pen. 2. Single Pistil, with the 
Ulund at the base : — magnified. & 

( 3571 ) 

Sarcanthus teretifolius. Round-leaved 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — OrchidejE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium explanatum. Sepala et petala subasqualia. 
Labellum breve calcaratum, trilobum, carnosum, cum co- 
lumna articulatum ; calcare intus |- biloculari. Columna 
erecta, semiteres. Anthera bilocularis. Pollinia 2, postice 
iobata, caudicula glandulaque variis. — Herbae epiphytes 
caulescentes. Folia disticha, plana v. teretia. Racemi 
oppositifolii. Plores speciosi. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Sarcanthus * teretifolius ; foliis teretibus, spica simplici 
horizontali foliis aequali, sepalis petaiisque oblongis 
obtusis reflexis, labelli calcare recto obtuso intus 
pubescente in lamina ovata acuta carnosa producto, 
facie columnar villosa. 

sarcanthus teretifolius. Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orchid, p. 234. 

Vanda teretifolia. Lindl. Coll. Bot. t. 6. 

This singular looking plant, with the leaves of nearly 

ne same form and texture as the stem, is a native of China, 

nd we have excellent figures of it in some beautiful draw- 

n gs of plants executed by the Chinese. It was introduced 

fi° f 0, J r st °ves by Mr. Brookes of Newington Green, and 

st Ascribed by Dr. Lindley in his valuable Collectanea 


nahir/ ^ ""^' ""P* ^ fl es h> «' e 'f» a flower, in consequence of the fleshy 
uie oi the blossom. 

Botanica. It is now not uncommon in collections of Orchi- 
deous Epiphytes, flowering in September. 

Descr. Stem a foot or more high, erect, rounded, green 
(except in the oldest parts), flexuose, jointed, sending forth 
aerial, thick, fibrous roots from the various parts of their 
joints, and a leaf from the top of each, which is in itself 
articulated upon the stem, two to four inches long, cylin- 
drical, flexuose, obtuse. Spike horizontal, and directed 
towards the opposite side of the stem to that from which it 
has its origin, bearing seven or eight flowers. Sepals and 
petals spreading, oval, dull green with reddish lines, the lat- 
ter the smallest. Lip ovate, slipper-shaped, pendent, longer 
than the calyx, articulated upon the column, white, having 
at the base two incurved lobes edged with red. Column 
short, downy at the base : Stigma projecting : Anther-case 

Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Column:— Magnified. 

Tab. 3565, second page, for Mr. Niven, read Mr. Cowan. 

T Jv w! 0nc t lUm C ^ Ueta - We have pleasure in stating that 

nKn?t?™ 7l AN /- ^'-.l^ Cla P t0n Nurser y> introduced this fine 
plant to our collections m 1834. He found it in the vicinity of Cumana 
and carried it to Trinidad whence, as above stated, Mr. Murray re- 
ceived our specimen which blossomed in the Glasgow Garden. Another 
plant of it was sent to Mr Murray from the Clapton Nursery, by Mr. 
Lowe which is now showing flower, and Mr. Horsfall's was received 
™7nf Z* me .f, tabllS ^ ent Mr Henchman possesses eight varieties, 
one of them with much larger and handsomer flowers, than that given at 
t. 3568, and which are at this time (April 1837,) in high perfection. 

"'■ V.' 

( 3572 ) 
Eutoca viscosa. Clammy Eutoca. 


Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — HydrophyllacejE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Corolla decidua. Ovarium ovoideo-globosum, piloso- 
bispidum. Placenta lineares, dorso parietibus ovarii ad- 
nata?, 4-multi-ovulatae. Capsula dissepimentis incompletis 
semi-bilocularis. — Herbae annua? sepius erectce, habitu Pha- 
celiae, rarius diffusa vel divaricate. Plores racemosi densi 
sessiles, vel laxi pedunculati, cymis unilateralibus simplici- 
ous vel dichotomis. Benth. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Eutoca viscosa ; glanduloso-pilosa viscosa, caule erecto 
ramoso, foliis cordato-ovatis subangulatis serratis, ra- 
cemis elongatis furcatis simplicibusque, placentis mul- 

Eutoca viscosa. Bentham MSS. Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1808. 

A most lovely, hardy annual, flowering during the sum- 
mer, and continuing, in Scotland, in great beauty through 
the month of September. The blossoms are of the most 
brilliant blue, and there is a constant succession of them 
during the fine weather. Native of California, where it 
was discovered, and whence it was introduced, by Mr. 

Descr. Whole plant, but more especially the stem and 
cal yx, clothed with glandular, viscid pubescence. Stem 
rounded, green, erect, branched, a foot or more high. 
leaves alternate, petioled, cordato-ovate, somewhat lobed 
awd irregularly serrated : petiole scarcely an inch long. 
Racemes terminal, forked , at first circinnate. Flowers large, 


brilliant deep blue, pale and dotted in the centre. Calyx 
deeply cut into five linear segments. Corolla rotate, five- 
lobed, lobes spreading, rounded. Stamens five, arising 
from the base of the short tube : filaments purple, very 
hairy in their lower half. Anthers oval, yellowish. Ger- 
men ovate, hairy. Style bipartite, purple, glabrous. 

Fig. 1. Corolla laid open. 2. Pistil -.—magnified. 

( 3573 ) 

Maxillaria Steelii. Mr. Steele's 

•S^i .St*. .^. .St'. .Sfc .St'. &• ,'V. ■St'. i v K &. ■ v l / . i v I". .-K &. ."fr. .S^ & A'. &• &• .^. 

Class awd Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium connivens, raro patens. Sepala lateralia 
cum basi producta columnae connata. Petala subcon- 
formia. Labellum trilobum, cucullatum, sessile, cum basi 
producta columnae articulatum. Columna semiteres, aptera. 
Anthera subbilocularis. Pollinia 2, bipartibilia v. integra, 
caudicula brevi, glandula transversa.— Epiphytae ( Ameri- 
cans ) pseudo-bulbosce, acaules, v. caulescentes. Folia pli- 
c ata, v. coriacea. Pedunculi radicates, axillares, v. termi- 
nates, uni- v. multiflori. Lindl. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Maxillaria Steelii; pseudo-bulbis oblongis annularis mo- 
nophyllis, folio longissimo tereti hinc canaliculato, 
scapo radicali brevi unifloro, periantliio connivente, 
jabello trilobo basi intus glandula oblonga, latenbus 
inflexis, lobo intermedio obtusissimo bifido. 

This highly interesting Orchideous plant was obligingly 
communicated from the stove of John Moss, Esq., Otters- 
Pool, near Liverpool, together with a drawing by Miss 
Moss, from which the accompanying figure was made. It 
jyas introduced in July of last year (1836) by Matthew 
Steele, Esq., from Demerara. With the flower of Maxil- 
Ur *a, it has a foliage quite at variance with any described 
JPecies of that Genus, attaining a height of two and even 
fee feet, and proves a most valuable addition to our 


Descr. Pseudo-bulbs numerous, clustered, small, oblong, 
terete, brownish-green, marked with transverse, jagged, 
membranous rings ; from the top of this arises a single leaf, 
which suddenly bends almost at an angle, and then hangs 
down over the sides of the pot, to the length of two or 
three feet, it is cylindrical, as thick as a swan's quill, with a 
narrow groove on the upper side which is chiefly seen near 
the base. The scape is short and single-flowered ; the 
blossom rather large, fragrant, of a dingy reddish-yellow 
colour; the perianth connivent, blotched with deep purple; 
sepals oval, acute ; petals oblongo-obovate ; Lip very broad, 
streaked with purple, three-lobed, the sides much incurved, 
the middle lobe very obtuse : at the base of the lip within is 
a large depressed, oblong, bright yellow gland, streaked 
with red and crenate at the truncated apex. Column semi- 
cylindrical, decurrent below with the two lower sepals, so as 
to form a blunt spur. Anther hemispherical. Pollen- 
masses two, bipartite, fixed to a large transverse gland, by 
two short caudiculce. 

Fig. 1. Front view of a Flower. 2. Side view of the Lip. 3. Inner 
view of ditto to show the Gland, the sides being laid open. 4. Column, the 
Perianth being removed. 5. Pollen-masses : — all but fig. 1. magnified. 

( 3574 ) 



Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Line*:. ) 

Generic Character. 

Flores proportione partium quinaria. Sepala integra. 
Styli rarissime 3, cum petalis staminibus sepalisque 5. De 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Linum monogynum ; perenne, foliis alternis lanceolatis acu- 

tis sepalisque trinerviis, floribus corymbosis (aim's), 

stylo unico. 
Linum monogynum. Forst. Prodr, p. 23. De Cand. Prod. 

v. I. p. 428. Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. I. p. 963. Sweet, 

Br. Fl. Gard. p. 278. 

Of this species of Flax, remarkable for its corymbs of 
large white flowers, nothing seems to have been known 
since the days of Forster, who detected it in New Zealand, 
till very recently, when a figure and description of it ap- 
peared in Sweet's British Flower-Garden. But no mention 
is made of the time when, nor of the person by whom, living 
plants were introduced into this country. 

Our specimens were derived from Bagshot Park, by favour 
°f Mr. Toward. The species is a very desirable one, blos- 
soming in the greenhouse in May and June, and having a 
succession of flowers for a great length of time. 

Oescr. Our plants are a foot and a half or more high ; 
the stems erect, rounded, glaucous, branched very much at 
^e top in a corymbose mariner. Calyx of five ovate very 
a cute sepals, with one long, central rib, and two lateral and 
worter ones, the margin white and diaphanous. Petals 

five, handsome, large, white, broadly obovate, obtuse, at the 
apex tapering into claws. Stamens five, white ; Anthers 
linear-sagittate. Pistil globose ; Styles combined into one, 
with five reflexed, slender branches. Capsule globose, very 
acute, tipped with the withered style. 

Fig. 1. Flower, from which the Petals have been removed. 2. Fruit: — 


( 3575 ) 

Platystigma linearis. Linear-leaved 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Papaveraceje. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala 3, ovata, caduca, pilosa. Petala 4, 5. Stamina 
numerosa. Filamenta filiformia. Antherce lineares, bilo- 
culares, lateraliter dehiscentes. Stigmata 3, ovata, acuta, 
erecto-divergentia. Capsula oblonga, basi attenuata, 1- 
locularis, 3-angularis, 3-sulcata, 3-valvis, ab apice ad basin 
dehiscens: valvulis conduplicatis, margine in placentis 
filiformibus productis. Semina numerosa, minuta, ovoioea, 
nigra, laevissima, nitida. Benth. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Platystigma * linearis. _ at o l 

Platystigma linearis. Benth. in Hort. Trans. iV. ft. v. 1. 

p. 407. Fischer et Meyer, Ind. Sem. Hort. Fetrop. p. 

22. Hook. Ic Select, v.l.t. 38. 

A very pretty annual, native of California where it was 
discovered by Mr. Douglas : but it does not appeal that 
the plant has been raised at the Horticultural ^ Society. 
Mr. Bentham's characters were derived from dried speci- 
mens. Seeds, however, have been sent from Ross in New 
California to the Petersburg Garden, and from thence o 
the Glasgow Botanic Garden, where our plants flowered m 
August and September, in the open border. Vtlscvl. 

* nxarvi, large, and «m W «, the stigma. 

Descr. Root annual. Leaves radical, linear, acute, 
glaucous, two to three inches long", glabrous, single-nerved. 
Scapes several from the same root, a span high, clothed 
with spreading hairs. Flowers drooping before expansion, 
then erect. Calyx of three leaves, generally caducous, 
sometimes remaining for a time in a withered state. Three 
outer petals broadly obovate, full yellow, pale at the sides ; 
three inner narrower, white, yellow at the claw. Stamens 
not numerous, yellow ; filaments decidedly dilated. Anthers 
oblong. Germen ovato-triquetrous. Stigmas three, ses- 
sile, ovate. 

Fig. 1. Outer Petal. 2. Inner ditto. 3. 3. Stamens. 4. Pistil -.—mag- 

( 3576 ) 

Gesneria Sceptrum, y ignea. Sceptre- 
flowered Gesneria, pale-flowered var. 

Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Gesneriace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-partitus, (plerumque germini adnatus). Corolla 
tubuloso-campanulata, limbo bilabiato; labio superiore bi- 
mferiore trifido. Stigma bilobum. Capsula bilocularis, 
bivalvis, placentis parietalibus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Gesneria Sceptrum; elata molliter villosa, foliis subsessili- 
bus ternatis e subcordata basi oblongis obtuse serratis, 
verticillis aphyllis, pedunculis longitudine florum laci- 
niis calycinis lanceolatis appressis, labio superiore 
paululum productiore, glandulis hypogynis 5. 

Gesneria Sceptrum. Mart. Gen. et Sp. PL Brasil. v. 3. p. 
32. t. 214. 

(?•) ignea ; corollis pallide igneis versus limbi marginem 
rubentibus. (Tab. nostr. 3576.) 

Our intercourse with Brazil has made known to our col- 
lections several species of this beautiful tropical Genus, than 
which few are more ornamental to our stoves. The foliage 
is mostly of a full and vivid green, and the flowers are re- 
markable, in general, for their rich colour, frequently in- 
clining to, or altogether scarlet. This plant was intro- 
duced by Mr. Murray to the Glasgow Garden. It flow- 
ered with us in September, 1836, and proves to be the 
yar- ignea of G. Sceptrum of Martius. In many respects 
it approaches our G. Lindleyi, Hook, in Bot. Mag., ined. 
(G. rutilans, var. atro-sanguinea of Lindley) : but the 


present has constantly ternate, nearly sessile, more cordate 
leaves,, shorter peduncles, larger flowers, differently-shaped 
calycine segments, and the whole plant is clothed with 
copious soft hairs. 

Descr. Stem three feet high, simple, rounded, veiny, 
hairy. Leaves three in a whorl, three to four inches long, 
almost entirely sessile, from a somewhat cordate base, ob- 
long, rather acute, bluntly serrated at the margin, on both 
sides copiously clothed with soft pubescence, especially 
beneath, where the colour is paler, and the nerves more 
prominent. The leaves gradually become smaller upwards, 
and pass into bracteas beneath the flowers. These latter 
form several leafless whorls, of about three in a whorl, with 
lanceolate bracteas at the base. Peduncles two inches long, 
hairy. Calyx very hairy, cut into five deep, lanceolate, 
acuminate, appressed segments. Corolla hairy, as long as 
the peduncles, tubular, dull pale reddish-yellow, with a 
darker edge to the limb, of which the upper lip is a little 
longer than the lower; lobes all rounded. Hypogynous 
glands five, two of which stand close together. Style and 
Stamens included. 

Fig. 1. Pistil, with the hypogynous Glands. 

( 3577 ) 
Brassia Lanceana. Mr. Lance's Brassia. 

A &. .^j Jte A'i &, >T/, >&• i-fi ifc jfc rSt*- J^. jfc .'fl'i Jfc -^ alfe ■ v t > - rSt'- 

•T 1 <T* 4* *!» 'T* 'T- -T* MS 'V "T" -T- *F V / T' -T 1 -V "T 1 / r / r 'V 

CZass awcZ Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchideje. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium explanation. Sepala et petala angusta, 
libera, aequalia, his nunc minoribus. Labellum planum, 
indivisum, ecalcaratum, columna continuum, basi bicris- 
tatum. Columna libera, aptera, nana. Anthera 1-locularis. 
Pollinia 2,postice sulcata; caudicula brevi; glandula crassa. 
— Epiphyte pseudo-bulbosce. Folia pergamenea. Scapi 
radicates vaginati. Flores speciosi, spicati. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Brassia Lanceana; sepalis ovato-lanceolatis acuminatis, 
labello oblongo acuminata undulato sepalis lateral] bus 
duplo breviore. Lindl. 

Brassia Lanceana. Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1754. 

A truly handsome plant, apparently blossoming at very 
different seasons. With Mr. Loddiges, it has flowered in 
August. T received beautiful specimens from C. S. 1 ar- 
ker, Esq., of Liverpool, in December, 1836, and, at the 
same season, plants that had been liberally communicated 
by Mr. Lowe, blossomed in the Glasgow Garden. It is 
said to be a native of Surinam, (whence it was introduced 
to our gardens by Mr. Lance), and also of the Province ot 
Hio Negro, South Brazil. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs ovato-oblong, compressed, turrow- 
ed, especially in the old state, when they also acquire a 
brownish tinge. Leaves two, from the summit of the bulb, 
and two or three are often seen at the base, between oblong 
and lauceolate, striated. Peduncle from the base ot the 


vol. xi. g 

bulb, rounded, terminating in a long raceme of large, 
handsome, fragrant subsecund flowers. Perianth spread- 
ing ; sepals and petals lanceolate, acuminate, yellow, spot- 
ted with blood-red : the former nearly equal in size, the 
latter shorter. Lip large, oblong, waved, yellow, very 
acute, spotted only at the base, and there having a large 
tubercle deeply furrowed, and orange-coloured within the 
furrow. Column short : Anther hemispherical. 

Fig. 1. Germen, Column, and Lip : magnified. 

( 3578 ) 

Leptosiphon densiflorus. Thickly- 
flowering Leptosiphon. 


Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Polemoniaceje. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx tubuloso-campanulatus, aequalis, semi- 5-lobus, 
lobis lineari-subulatis, acutis, sinubus membranaceis. Co- 
rolla infundibuliformis (hypocrateriformis) ; tubo longe 
exserto tenuissimo ; limbo' campanulato (patenti 5-fido) ; 
lobis ovalibus obtusis integerrimis. Stamina fauce inserta ; 
anther ce oblongae, basi sagittatae. Capsular loculi poly- 
spermi.— Herbae annuce basi glabra, apice pubescentes. 
Folia sessilia opposita, palmatisecta, segmentis hnearibus 
vel subulatis. Flores dense corymboso-capitati, axi subla- 
nato. Bracteae imbricates foliis conformes, segmentis cih- 
ato-hirsutis. Bentham. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Leptosiphon densiflorus; foliis 7— 9-partitis laciniis fili- 
formi-subulatis hirsutulis, corollae tubo limbo breviore, 
laciniis obovatis. , « OQ ,• 

Leptosiphon densiflorus. Benth. in Bot. Reg. t. lo^ [m 
textu). Hort. Trans. N. S. v. 1. t. 18./ % 

A very handsome annual, introduced by Mr Douglas 
to the Horticultural Society's Garden, from California at 
the same time with the L. androsaceus (tab. J491 ). it is 
equally hardy with that species, and, in many respects, 
very similar to it ; but the leaves have more numerous and 
narrower segments, the flowers, varying in colour, are 
much larger, the tube is shorter in proportion to the limb. 

and the segments of this latter are obovate. It blossoms 
at the same time with L. androsaceus, adding greatly to 
the gaiety of our flower-borders. 

Descr. Stem erect, slender,, flexuose, rounded, gla- 
brous., branched, with the branches opposite. Leaves op- 
posite, often crowded immediately beneath the flowers, pla- 
mately divided, almost to the base, into from seven to nine 
slender, filiform - subulate segments, slightly hairy, most 
so near the base. Flowers capitate. Calyx with five 
subulate segments, as long as the tube of the corolla. 
Corolla hypocrateriform ; the tube white : limb longer than 
the tube : the segments obovate, lilac, more or less inclin- 
ing to a deep rose-colour or purple, becoming almost 
blue in age ; the inside of the tube white ; sometimes the 
corolla is wholly white. Stamens scarcely exserted. An- 
thers bright orange. 

( 3579 ) 

Platystemon Californicum. Californian 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Papaverace^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala 3, ovata, caduca, pilosa. Petala 6. Stamina nume- 
rosa. Filamenta dilatata, membranacea, obcordata. An- 
therce lineares, biloculares, Iateraliter dehiscentes. Ovaria 
plurima (10 et ultra) linearia, stigmate sessili lineari termi- 
nata. Capsulce totidem distinctag torulosae, articulate, 
transversim multiloculares extus piloso-hispidae. Semina 
in quoque loculo solitaria pendula. Benth. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Platystemon * Californicum; ovariis fructibusque pilosis. 
Platystemon Californicum. Benth. in Hort. Trans, v. 1. 
N. S. p. 405. Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1679. 

A highly interesting annual, for the introduction of which 
to our gardens we are indebted to Mr. Douglas, who sent 
the seeds to the Horticultural Society from California. Mr. 
Menzies, however, was the first to discover it in that coun- 
try, when on the voyage round the globe with Capt. Van- 
couver. His specimens are preserved in my Herbarium, 
and doubtless in those of other Botanists on whom he has 
bestowed them with his wonted liberality. In the recent 
specimen which I examined, the germen on being laid open 
showed one cell, with as many projections and furrows as 


* From itorvf, broad, and «r™*«*, a stamen, in allusion to the breadth of 
the filaments. 

there are styles : as this advances to maturity, a separation 
takes place at the ridges, the sutures unite, and the fruit is 
separated into carpels. Our plants, for the seeds of which 
we are indebted to the Horticultural Society, flowers in 
June and July, and proves perfectly hardy, ripening its 
seeds very copiously. 

Descr. Root annual. Stems weak, branched, rounded, 
succulent, glabrous. Leaves three to four inches long, 
linear-oblong, usually in whorls of three each, entire, sessile, 
ciliated, marked with three to four parallel nerves, glaucous, 
as is the whole plant. Peduncles axillary, longer than the 
leaves, single-flowered, somewhat hispid with patent hairs. 
Sepals three, oval, concave, hispid, soon falling away. 
Petals six, oval-oblong, concave, spreading, of a pale sul- 
phur yellow. Stamens several. Filaments broad, petaloid, 
the inner ones gradually broader: Anthers linear-oblong, 
terminal. Germen oval, bristly, with six to nine deep fur- 
rows, and an equal number of linear, downy styles : even- 
tually separating into as many distinct, cylindrical, knotted 
carpels as there are ridges. 

Fig. 1. 2. Stamens. 3. Pistil. 4. Germen laid open. 5. Carpel. 

( 3580 ) 
Pavetta Caffra. South-African Pavetta. 

A'. &> .4*. . v i / . &. &• &. .St". .Sfc .Sk .SK &. iJf. &. .Sfc .4*. .4". .4*. .Sfc .Sk A .S^. 
VJS" "/^s" vf; "/fv" •/jc tf»" tj/ vJS "ifr */>£. "Sfr vf? f <r- 4S -r? <t- MS 'IS >K MS >K 

C/ass ««c? Order. 
Tetrandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Rubiace^!. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cali/cis tubus ovatus, limbus parvus 4-dentatus. Corolla 
hypocraterimorpha, tubo gracili tereti lobis longiore, limbo 
4-partito pateote. Antherce 4 ad faucein subsessiles. Stylus 
longe extra tubum corollae exsertus, loborum longitudi- 
nem superans, apice clavatus, subinteger aut stigmatis 
cruribus adglutinatis aut vix ac ne vix subdivisis. Bacca 
drupacea calyce persistente coronata subglobosa bilocu- 
laris. Pyrence chartaceae intus plans aut concavs dorso 
gibbs 1 -sperms. Albumen cartilagineum. Embryo dorsa- 
Hs erectus incurvus, cotyledonibus foliaceis, radicula longa. 
— Flores albi. Species omnes Asiatics aut Africans. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Pavetta* Caffra ; foliis obovatis ramisque glabris, stipulis 
subulatis basi herbaceo-mernbranaceis connatis, cymis 
fastigiatis, calycibus 4-fidis segmentis subulatis, co- 
rollae lobis obovato-oblongis mucronulatis tubo bre- 
vioribus. Grah. . 

Pavetta Caffra. Thunb. Prodr. p. 29. Fl. Cap. v. I. 
p. 535. D C. Prodr. v. 4. p. 491 . Rozm. et Sch. Syst. 
Veg. v. 3. p. 175. Spreng. Si/st. Veg. v. I. p. 407. 

Ixora Caffra. Poir. Suppl. v. 3. p. 209. 

Pavetta corymbosa. Houtt. Pfi. ed.l.p.U- *• 40 

This very pretty species, native of Southern Africa, was 
received from Kevv at the Botanic Garden Edinburgh in 

1 835, 

* The name of the Shrub in the Malabar language. 

1835, and flowered freely in the stove in the end of April 
and beginning of May following, when scarcely nine inches 

Descr. Shrub erect, branches ascending, whole plant 
glabrous, except the stigma and the inside of the tube of 
the corolla. Leaves (two and a half inches long, one and 
a quarter broad) obovate, petioled. Stipules subulate, 
herbaceous, small, dilated, connate, and membranaceo- 
herbaceous at the base, persisting. Flowers in dense ter- 
minal cymes, perfumed : pedicels with two opposite fila- 
mentous bracteas in the middle. Calyx four-cleft, herba- 
ceous, segments subulate. Corolla white, hypocrateriform ; 
tube (seven and a half lines long) slender, cylindrical, 
greenish towards its base, hairy within, especially in its 
upper part, hairs somewhat reflected ; limb four-parted, 
(three-fourths of an inch across) flat, in the bud imbricated 
and slightly convolute ; segments obovato-oblong, with a 
small mucro in the centre, from which a dark-green streak 
passes for a little way along the back. Stamens alternate, 
with the lobes in the throat of the corolla, and becoming 
reflected between these. Anthers linear, cleft at the base, 
pointed at the apex ; filaments short, attached to the back 
of the anther at the top of the notch ; pollen-granules 
minute, rounded, white. Pistil more than twice as long 
as the tube of the corolla ; stigma clavate, green, pubes- 
cent, the hairs being arranged in many vertical lines ; style 
white, erect, filiform. Germen inferior, crowned with a 
small depressed disk, which is superior. Graham. 

( 3581 ) 

Oncidium pumilum. Mr. Herberts Dwarf 



Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium explanatum. Sepala saepius undulata ; la- 
teralibus nunc sub labello connatis. Petala contormia. 
Labellum maximum ecalcaratum, cum columna continuum, 
varie lobatum, basi tuberculatum v. cristatum. tolumna 
libera, semiteres, apice utriuque alata. Anthera semibi o- 
cularis, rostello nunc abbreviate, nunc elongate rostrato. 
Pollinia 2 } postice sulcata; caudkula plana; glandula ob- 
longa. Herbal epiphytce nunc pseudo-bulbos*. *olia co- 
riacea. Scapi paniculati vaginati, rarms simplices. *loies 
speciosi lutei, scepius maculati, raro albi. Lindl. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Oncidium pumilum; pseudo-bulbis nullis, folijs rigidw ob- 

longis obliquis, panicula erecta thyrsoidea toliorum 
longitudine; sepalis petalisque obovatis mourns, la- 
bello subrotundo trilobo, lobis ovatis obtusi m te r- 
medio paulo minore, disco callis duobus ^«™J" 
libus sinubus loborum oppositis cristate-, alis column* 
integerrimis. Lindl. on T m- 

Oncidium pumilum. Lind. Bot, Reg.t. 920. LMiges 
Bot. Cab. t. 1732. Lindl. Gen. et Spec £**£»• 

(3.) alis column* cuneiformibus, crista labelli obso eta, 
foliis atro-viridibus vix maculatis, statura majore. 
Lindl. I. c. 

This singular little epiphyte was introduced by the 
Hon. and lC William Herbert of Spofforth, m whose 

collection it flowered about ten years ago. It was de- 
tected by one of his collectors in Brazil,, between Rio 
Janeiro and Botofogo, growing upon the trunk of Boxmbax 
Ceiba. We are indebted for our plants in the stove of the 
Glasgow Botanic Garden to Mr. Loddiges. It flowers in 
April and May. 

Descr. Bulbs (or pseudo-bulbs as they are generally 
called) none; a few roots proceed from the base of the 
exceedingly short stem. Leaves oblong, coriaceous, rigid, 
somewhat distichous, oblique, acute at the point, of a deep 
green colour. The scape arises from the axils of one of 
these leaves, and, including the flowers, is scarcely so long 
as the foliage. Flowers small, arranged in a compound 
raceme or a lax thyrsus, which is erect. Perianth spread- 
ing, yellow, jagged at the margin. Sepals and petals com- 
bined at the base, oblongo-spathulate, spreading, spotted 
with brown. Lip roundish, three-fid, entirely yellow, ex- 
cept along the margin on each side at the base where is a 
deep red- brown line : the segments are acute, incurved, the 
disk is furnished with a bifid crest, and each segment is 
again divided into two unequal ones. Column short, fur- 
rowed in front, with a long, spreading, linear-oblong wing 
on each side. Anther-case large, ovato-acuminate. Ger- 
men quite straight, hence the lip is superior. 

Fig. 1. Back view of a Flower. 2. Front view of ditto (reversed). 3. 
Column, the Anther-case being bent back :— magnified. 

( 3582 ) 

Xanthosia rotundifolia. Round-leaved 

******* &*************** 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Digynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Umbellifer^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calycis tubus ovato-compressus, limbus 5-lobiis, lobis 
ovatis acutis subcoloratis. Petala stipitata, ova Ha, apice 
cuspidata replicata. Stamina lobis calycinis opposita. Slg- 
lopodia 2 crassa, villosa (vix semper) ad apices carpeilorum. 
Styli 2, filiformes e basibus internis stylopodiorum orti. 
Fructus compressus striato-nervosus, meriearpiis ad com- 
missuram contractis 7 — 9-jugis, jugis filiformibus, 2 latera- 
libus marginantibus, valleculis evittatis, commissura an- 
gustissima evittata. — SuffVutices Australasici, pilis sapius 
stetlatis hirsuti. Folia alterna simplicia aut tripartita. 
Urnbellae varice. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Xanthosia* (Sect. Leucol^na) rotundifolia; glabra vel 
pubescens fruticosa, foliis petiolatis cordato-rotundatis 
grosse dentatis coriaceis glabris, umbella 4-radiata, 
involucri tetraphylli foliolis lineari-Ianceolatis, invo- 
lucellis monophyllis latissimis profunde trifidis albis. 

Xanthosia rotundifolia. De Cand. Prodr. v. 4. p. 75. 

This extremely curious umbelliferous plant, so unlike in 
habit to the majority of individuals of this extensive Na- 
tural Order, is a native of New Holland, where it appears 


* !*vflo ?J yellow ; from the yellowish toraentum with which some species 
ar e clothed. 

to be not uncommon. We have numerous specimens from 
the vicinity of Port Jackson and from King George's Sound. 
The Glasgow Botanic Garden owes the possession of it to 
Mr. Loddiges, and it flowers with us in the month of June. 
It may be reckoned a hardy green-house plant. 

Descr. Stem a foot to a foot and a half high, shrubby, 
slightly branched, clothed with a brown bark, which in 
our plant is but slightly hairy. Leaves alternate, cordate, 
sometimes approaching to ovate, sometimes to rotundate, 
coriaceous, glabrous, or partially clothed with deciduous 
down, acute, deeply and sharply toothed at the margin : 
petiole one- fourth the length of the leaf, scarcely dilated at 
the base. Peduncles terminal, elongated, sometimes with 
a coloured bractea. Umbels of four rather short rays. 
Involucre of four linear-lanceolate reddish-green leaves. 
Involucels, one at the base of each partial and nearly sessile 
and few-flowered umbel, large, petaloid, pure white, or 
externally only slightly tinged with red, concave, deeply 
three-cleft, with acute, spreading segments. Flowers few, 
six to eight in each involucre, white, the anthers and the 
upper margin of the germen only being red. Calyx of 
nve large, deciduous sepals, jointed as it were on the top 
or the germen, erect. Petals erect, oval, unguiculate, 
with a large involute appendage. Filaments incurved at 
the apex: Anthers oval. Young fruit roundish, remark- 
ably flattened on the sides, many-ribbed. Stijlopodium of 
two large, rounded, fleshy lobes. Some of the flowers are 

™i? g ' l' t FI °T' 2 ^ Back vievv ' and 3 ' front view of a Petal. 4. Sta- 
men. 5. Immature Fruit:— magnified. 

( 3583 ) 

Chrysostemma tripteris. Three-leaved 


Class and Order. 

Syngenesia Frustranea. 

( Nat. Ord. — Composite. ) 

Generic Character. 

Capitulum multiflorum heterogamum,/. radii neutris 1- 
serialibus ligulatis, disci hermaphr. tubulosis 5-dentatis. 
Involucrum biseriale, squamis foliaceis basi coadunatis, ext. 
paucis parvis linearibus patentibus, inter, erectis ovali-ob- 
longis margine subscariosis. Receptaculum planum, paleis 
linearibus angustissimis fere filifonnibus. Styli rami cono 
superati pubeque descendente instructi. Achenium plano- 
obcompressum obovato-ellipticum angulis alatum glaber- 
rimum apice emarginatum, pappo coroniformi lacero coro- 
natum, disco epigynominuto, alis albidis.— Herba Boreali- 
Americana nitida erecta. Folia opposita petiolata, ima 
Mbpedato-pinnatifida, superiora trisecta, segmentis lanceo- 
latis integerrimis. Pedunculi subgemini l-cephali. Capi- 
tula radio luteo, disco brunneo. D C. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Chrysostemma * tripteris. Qr n r 

Chrysostemma tripteris. Less. Syn. Compos, p. a4i. u u. 

Prodr. v. 5. p. 568. '_ „, , 

Coreopsxs tripteris. Linn. Sp. PL p. 1282. Mich.Fl Amer 

v. 2. p. 148. Pursh, Ft. Am. v. 2. p. 368. ^wtt,ti. 

Carol, v. 2. p. 442. Spreng. Syst. Veg. v. 6. p. ol*. 

This very handsome plant, although a well-known inha- 
bitant of our gardens for a period of one hundred years, has 

* From w „„ fj gold, and <m w «, a crown, from the colour of the flowers. 

not (perhaps for want of novelty to recommend it) found a 
place in any of our periodical botanical publications. It is 
a native of Virginia, Carolina, and Georgia, chiefly in the 
upper districts, and was introduced by Mr. Philip Miller. 
It flowers from August till October, when the cold and 
frosts cause it to perish down to the root. 

Descr. Stem erect, straight, rigid, five to six feet high, 
glabrous, striated, branched, especially upwards, and there 
in a paniculated manner. Leaves opposite, on short peti- 
oles, the lower ones generally more or less bipinnate, be- 
coming pinnate upwards, and the uppermost deeply tripar- 
tite, when they pass into the simple bracteas of the peduncle, 
all of them glabrous, somewhat rigid, spreading or recurv- 
ed, of a dark green colour, the segments quite entire, of a 
linear-lanceolate form, but varying somewhat in width in 
different individuals. Panicle trichotomous. Peduncles 
with linear bracteas. Involucre glabrous : outer of seven 
to eight, linear, obtuse, spreading, green scales : inner of 
as many close-pressed, ovate, brownish, and somewhat 
membranaceous ones. Florets of the ray yellow, at first 
singularly involute in the margins, and entire at the extre- 
mity, but soon unfolding and becoming bi- trifid at the 
apex. Disk purple : base of the tubular corolla only 
yellow : Anthers and filiform segments of the style dark 
purple. Achemum compressed, slightly winged at the mar- 
gin, especially upwards, but quite destitute of awns. 

Fig. 1. Floret of the Ray. 2. Ditto of the Disk : magnified. 


( 3584 ) 

Clianthus puniceus. Crimson Glory- 

Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Leguminos^;. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx late campanulatus, subaequalis, 5-dentatus. Vex- 
illum acuminatum, reflexum, alis parallelis longius ; carina 
scaphiformis, vexillo alisque multo longius ; omnino mono- 
petala. Stamina manifeste perigyna, diadelpha, omnia fer- 
tilia. Stylus staminibus duplo longior, versus apicein hinc 
leviter barbatus, stigmate siinplicissimo. Legumen pedi- 
cellatum, coriaceum, acuminatum, ventricosum, polysper- 
mum, intus lanulosum, sutura dorsali recta ven trail con- 
vexa. Semina reniformia, funiculis longiusculis affixa^— 
Suffrutices, Herbseve; foliis impari-pinnatis, stipulatis, flo- 
nbus speciosissimis, racemosis. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Clianthus* puniceus; fruticosus diffusus glaber, foliolis 
altemis oblongis subemarginatis, racemis penduhs 
multifloris, calyce 5-dentato, legumine glabro. 

Clianthus puniceus. Soland. MSS. in Mus. Brit. Allan 
Cunningham, in Hort. Trans, v. In. s. p. 521. t. 22. 
Bot. Reg. t. 1775. . . ._ Q 

Donia punicea. Don's Gen. Syst. of Gardening, A. 4oS. 

We received at the Botanic Garden Edinburgh, this strik- 
ingly handsome plant from Mr. Lowe, of the Clapton Nur- 
r sery, 

* From *x E4or , glory, and «** afloicer, in allusion to the great beauty of 
the blossoms. 


sery, in 1835. It has been cultivated in Scotland, both in 
the open ground and in the greenhouse. In the former it 
lives, but unfortunately does not thrive, and will never be 
ornamental, unless, perhaps on a good wall, and well pro- 
tected in winter. In the latter situation it is most luxuriant, 
but has produced no fruit with us. It first flowered in 
February, 1837, and will probably exhibit a long succes- 
sion of blossoms. 

[In the South of England, this splendid plant bears the 
winters with impunity, and in Devonshire and the Isle of 
Wight, fully authorises the generic name given to it by the 
learned Solander (Flower of Glory). It was discovered by 
Sir Joseph Banks in New Zealand, in the northern interior, 
in 1769, and again by the Missionaries in 1831. Mr. Curtis, 
who has raised numerous plants of it at his extensive nursery 
grounds at Glazenwood, has been furnished with the follow- 
ing particulars respecting its introduction, &c, to this 
country, by Mr. Vaux of Ryde, Isle of Wight, where the 
plant grows luxuriantly, and blossoms freely in the open 
air without the slightest protection. " Mr. Richard Davis, 
Missionary Catechist at New Zealand, sent the seed of 
Clianthus puniceus to the Rev. John Noble Colman, 5, 
Terrace, Ryde, who sowed it as soon as it was received in 
the autumn of 1831 . In the following spring, Mr. Colman 
had several fine plants. In the autumn of 1 832 some of the 
plants had indications of blossoms forming, and in the 
spring, or rather summer of 1833, they flowered most beau- 
tifully, and produced seed-vessels, one of which was for- 
warded to the London Horticultural Society, and engraved 
in the Transactions of that valuable body. The propaga- 
tion is extremely simple. Cuttings strike readily under a 
hand-glass in any soil ; indeed, where any bud of the grow- 
ing plant touches the ground, it will take root like a 
Mimulus, or like Verbena Melindres. The cuttings appear 
to succeed equally well, whether stripped off or clean cut 
out under a joint, and I have not found any difference as to 
ripened or green shoots." The native name of the plant, 
according to Mr. Cunningham, is Kowaingutu-Kaka, or 
Parrot' s-bill. Ed.] 

Descr. Ste?7i shrubby. Bark cracked, but otherwise 
smooth, round. Branches diffused, green, glabrous, slightly 
angled. Leaves alternate, pinnated, with an odd leaflet; 
common petiole round, with a slender furrow above, taper- 
ing to the apex, pinnae ten to twelve pairs, nearly sessile, 
alternate towards the apex of the leaf, subopposite below, 


largest in the middle, oblong, subemarginate, minutely mu- 
cronate, opaque,, green and glabrous above, paler, and with 
minute adpressed pubescence below, edges slightly revolute, 
middle-rib channelled above, prominent and round below. 
Racemes axillary, pendulous, many-flowered ; lower flow- 
ers expanded first, flexuose ; common peduncle and pedicels 
green and slightly pubescent, each pedicel springing from 
the axil of a small, green, ovato- lanceolate, spreading 
bractea, and with two subopposite bracteoles in the middle. 
Calyx campanulate, green, its mouth somewhat oblique, 
with five subequal, deltoideo- subulate, adpressed teeth. 
Corolla of nearly uniform red, and becoming livid in fading, 
very handsome, but the whole raceme is less so than it 
otherwise would be, in consequence of the gradual elonga- 
tion of the pedicels being disproportionately greater than 
the rachis, by which the whole forms a dense and confused 
ovate mass. Vexillum ovato-acuminate, reflected from near 
its base, slightly striped with white near its centre, some- 
what callous at the keel. Alee about half as long, narrow, 
oblong-sickle-shaped, with a callous, colourless, curved 
daw, and a tooth on its upper edge of nearly a similar tex- 
ture, but shorter. Carina as long as the vexillum, nearly 
colourless on its inside in the lower half, monopetalous, with 
a colourless undivided claw and short blunt tooth on the 
edge on each side, acuminate, curved forwards. Stamens 
ten, diadelphous; filaments colourless; anthers uniform, 
oblong, yellow ; pollen-granules minute, golden coloured, 
shining, round. Pistil green, as long as the keel, and 
closely wrapped up in it ; germen glabrous, furrowed along 
Jts upper edge. Style covered with long, simple white 
hairs in a line along its upper side, and extending nearly to 
'ts middle. " The flowers are succeeded by browmsh- 
Wack pods, two inches and a half long, seated on a slender 
st *Pe, and convex on the upper instead of the lower edge, 
so that unless attention be given to the manner of growth, 
it would seem as if the seeds grew from the lower instead ot 
th e upper edge. They are covered all over with a deli- 
cate cottony down, in which lie the small, kidney-shaped 
s eeds, of a dull yellowish ochre colour, mottled with small 
dark-brown blotches and speckles." (Hort. Trans. I. c.J 

( 3585 ) 

Zygopetalum cochleare. Shell-lipped 


Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianihium explanation, sepalis petalisque ascenden- 
tibus, subccqualibus, cum ungue producto columnae conna- 
tis. Labellum muticum, iudivisum, patens, ungue ascen- 
dente : crista magna transversa carnosa. Columnabrevis, 
arcuata, semiteres. Anthera subbiloculans. FoUinia ~, 
bipartibilia, in glandulam transversam subsessilia — Heroas 
terrestres, subacaules ; foliis plicatis patentibus. h lores spe- 
ciosi, labello cceruleo. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Zygopetalum cochleare ; pseudo-bulbo nujlo, foliis lato- 
lanceolatis, scapo unifloro, sepalis petalisque oblongs 
subaqualibus, labello subquadrato basi ventr icoso 
lateribus inflexis crispatis callo baseos lunato aepiesso 
antice crenato. igt , 7 

Zygopetalum cochleare. Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. IScW. 

Eulophia cochleata. Hort. Knight. 

This very distinct species of Zygopetalum was sent to 
the Glasgow Botanic Garden by Mr Knight of the Ball .% 
Pond Nursery, under the name of Eulophia ™chleata^ 
It is probably a native of Brazil *. Its handsome flower is 
produced in August. Descr 

. * Of Trinidad, according to Professor Lindley, who has published a 
figure and description since the above was written. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulb none in our specimens. The leaves 
are from eight or ten inches to a foot long, and spring from 
the root, they are broadly lanceolate, glossy, yellow green, 
scarcely striated, waved, distichous, sheathing at the base. 
From the axil of one of the outer leaves arises the scape, 
scarcely of the length of one's finger, erect, having two 
membranous, sheathing bracteas on the top at the base of 
the germen. Sepals and petals in one series, oblong, pale 
greenish-white, spreading, combined at the base : the 
petals rather smaller than the sepals. Lip very large, nearly 
square, set on by a small short claw, very broad and cordate 
at the base, where it is ventricose, the sides involute and 
crisped, the apex reflexed, two-lobed : at the base within 
is a large, lunate, fleshy, depressed crest, lobed and cre- 
nated, marked with purple lines as is the lower half of the 
lip itself; but these lines soon combine, and form a large 
purple blotch in the upper half of the lip. Column short, 
semiterete, with two small wings above, white, the front 
delicately streaked with red. Anther-case obliquely coni- 
cal, obtuse. ^ J 

Fig. 1. Column and upper part of the Lip : magnified. 


( 3586 ) 

Coreopsis longipes. Long-stalked 

Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Frustranea. 

( Nat. Ord. — Composite. ) 

Generic Character. 

(Compositae, Senecionideae.) Capitulum multiflorum 
heterogamum, Ji. radii circ. 8 neutris ligulatis, disci her- 
maphr. 5-dentatis. Inod. duplex utrumque circ. 8. phyllum 
ima basi subcoadunatum, squamis ext. foliaceis angustio- 
ribus subpatulis, int. latioribus submembranaceis. Recept. 
planum paleaceum, paleis persistentibus. Styli rami apice 
nispidi cono superati. Achenia obcompresso-plana, raro 
incurva, margine plus minus alata, apice nunc bidentata, 
nunc biaristata, aristis laevibus aut sursum ciliato-serratis, 
(nee retrorsum pilosis). — Herbae Americanae, raro suffru- 
tescentes, plerumque glabra. Folia opposita, rarius alterna. 
Pedunculi l-cephali solitarii aut corymbosi. Capituli dis- 
cus luteus, radius concolor, raro albus. D C. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Coreopsis longipes ; debilis, foliis oppositis radicalibus spa- 
thulatis, caulinis profunde pinnatifidis glabris basi 
utrinque ciliatis laciniis lineari-lanceolatis integris vel 
iterum pinnatifidis, pedunculis elongatis, floribus uni- 
coloribus, radii corollis apice 5-fidis. 

Among the various species of Coreopsis sent by Mr. 
Drummond from North America is the present one, found 
in Texas, which appears to me, both in the living and 
dried state, to present characters by which it may be sepa- 
rated from all others that have yet been described. In 


general habit it comes nearest to C. tinctoria and Atkinso- 
niana; and is, perhaps, as it were, intermediate between 
them and C. verticillata, having broader and less divided 
leaves than the former, and more flaccid foliage and stems, 
and a very different inflorescence from the latter. It 
appears to be annual or biennial, and flowers in the open 
border in the autumn. 

Descr. Stems erect, but weak and flexuose, succulent, 
striated, glabrous, having many straggling and wavy 
branches. Leaves opposite and connate at the base, very 
variable : the lowermost ones entire, the rest more or less 
pinnatifid or even bipinnatifid, with the segments from 
three to five, rarely more, linear-lanceolate, flaccid, gla- 
brous, generally curved, glabrous, strongly ciliated at the 
base, which forms a kind of broad petiole ; and, when seen 
under a lens, the rest of the margin exhibits minute hairs. 
Peduncles very long, flexuose, naked, or rarely with an un- 
divided leaf, single-flowered. Involucre glabrous; outer of 
about eight spreading, ovato-lanceolate, green, acute leaves, 
diaphanous and ciliated at the margin : inner of about as 
many erect, ovate, obtuse, membranaceous, yellow-brown 
leaves. Florets all full yellow : those of the ray oblong- 
obovate, with five deep, unequal teeth at the extremity : 
their germen abortive, flat, but having a pappus of two 
minute, plumose scales. Tubular or central floret yellow. 
Fruit (immature) compressed, winged, crowned with small, 
flat, ciliated awns or scales. 

Fig. 1. Floret of the Ray. 2. Floret of the Disk. 


( 3587 ) 
Impatiens scapiflora. Stemless Balsam. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Balsamine^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Anthers quinque, nempe 3 biloculares, 2 ante petalum 
superius 1-loculares. Stigmata 5 coalita. Capsula pris- 
matico-teretiuscula, elongata ; valvis a basi ad apicem ex- 
trorsum revolutis. Cotyledones planiusculae. Pedunculi 
axillares, ramosi, multiilori. Capsulce glabrae. — Folia al- 
terna. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Impatiens* scapiflora; radicetuberosa, foliis radicalibus cor- 
datis glanduloso-serratis, scapo apice racemoso, calyce 
3-sepalo, sepalo inferiore longissime calcarato, petalo 
superiore (seu anteriorc) galeiformi, reliquis 4 per 
paria connatis quorum lateralibus oblongo-falcatis, in- 
tcrioribus (v. infimis) oblique cuneatis. 

Impatiens scapiflora. Heyne, Wall, in Fl. Ind. v. 2. p. 464. 
Wall. Cat. n. 4758. Wight Cat. n. 446. 

Impatiens bulbosa. " Moon Cat. Ceyl. PI. p. 18." 

Impatiens acaulis. Am. in Hook. Comp. to Bot. Mag. v. 1. 
p 325. (Exempl. in Herb, nostr.) 

It has seldom been our good fortune to figure a more in- 
teresting plant than the one here given ; or one that, at first 
sight, would appear less to belong to the very natural Genus 
of which it is, in my opinion, undoubtedly a member, Impa- 

So called on account of the elastic nature of the valves of the capsule, 
tvhich throw out the seeds frith considerable force. 

tiens. The Glasgow Botanic Garden is indebted for the 
tubers to William Nimmo, Esq., who sent them in 1835 from 
Bombay, and they flowered beautifully in the stove in 
August, 1836. The plant would appear, however, not to be 
peculiar to the western coast of the Peninsular of India. It 
is, I think, certainly the I. scapiflora of Heyne and Wallich, 
and, consequently of Wight and Arnott : but the station 
of the plant does not seem to be known to those authors. 
Small specimens in our Herbarium were gathered by Mr. 
Macrae at Kandy, Ceylon, and larger ones were sent to us 
from the same country by Mrs. Col. Walker. These are 
probably the I. bulbosa of Moon's Catalogue, and certainly 
the I. acaulis of Mr. Arnott in the paper above quoted. 
There can, indeed, be no question about the identity of 
these : indeed the smaller Kandyan specimens are consid- 
ered by Mr. Arnott himself to be the same with Heyne's 

Descr. Root consisting of small tubers, like those of 
many Begonia, a Genus of plants to which the present bears 
no inconsiderable resemblance in its leaves and inflores- 
cence, and especially in its succulent habit. Leaves all aris- 
ing from the root, roundish, cordate, glabrous, many-nerved, 
serrated, the teeth almost intramarginal, pointing upwards, 
tipped with a gland : the length of the leaf is about equal 
with that of the rounded petiole. Scape a span to eight or 
ten inches high, rounded, succulent, terminated by a ra- 
ceme of six to ten large, handsome, one-sided flowers. 
Bracteas solitary, ovato- cordate, concave, fleshy. Pedicels 
quite straight, patent, an inch and a half to two inches long. 
Sepals three : two lateral ones resembling the bracteas, but 
rather less fleshy, pale reddish-green : lower one white, 
ovate concave, lengthened at its base into a slender spur, 
curved between three to four inches in length. Upper 
petal white, helmet-shaped, covering the organs of fructifi- 
cation, the other four delicate purple-rose colour, spreading, 
<• ?u the r san,e P lane ^ combined at the base into two pairs : 
ot these four, the two lateral ones are oblong, singularly 
recurved like a sickle ; the two inner ones longer, straight, 
obliquely cuneate. Stamens five, white, combined by the 
anthers and upper part of the filaments. Filaments dilated 
upwards Anthers ovate, forming an obtuse cone above 
tne pisti , opening internally by two longitudinal cells. 
Pollen white. Germen oval, with five furrows : Style short, 
conical, with three acute sti-mas. 

Fig-l. Calyx, lower Petal, Stamens, and Pistil. 2. Stamens and Pistil. 
•< 1 istu : magnijied. 


■W l/d 

( 3588 ) 
Calliprora lutea. Yellow Calliprora. 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Asphodele^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthiwn subcampanulatum, com pedicello contin- 
uum, 6-partitum. Stamina 6, omnia fertilia, fauce exserta, 
verticillata, quorum 3 breviora ; Jilamenta petaloidea, bi- 
loba, antheris inter lobos sessilibus. Squama hypogynce o. 
Ovarium stipitatum, 3-angulare, 3-IocuIare, polyspermum. 
Stylus simplex. Stigma trilobum. Capsula membranacea, 
tnptera.—Herba Allii facie. Lindl. 

Specific Name and Synonym. 
Calliprora * lutea. Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1590. 

An exceedingly pretty bulbous Genus, discovered in 
Northern California by the late Mr. Douglas, and first dis- 
tinguished as such by Professor Lindley in the work just 
quoted, by the name of Calliprora. That author reckons 
Jt a hardy plant, as it flourished well in an open, but shaded 
peat border in the garden of the Horticultural Society at 
Chiswick ; but with us in Scotland, it is yet too rare and 
valuable a plant to run any risks by exposing it to the in- 
clement summer of our climate, and it is kept in a pot in the 
frame, where it expands its exceedingly pretty flowers in 
July. It differs, as a Genus, from Brodlea and Triteleia, 
and Leucocoryne (all from the same country) not only in 
yie different structure of the stamens, as marked by Dr. 
Lindley ; but also in the yellow colour of the flowers. 


xutompofx, pretty face, in allusion to its beauty. 

Descr. Root, a small, pale-coloured, roundish bulb, 
scarcely so large as a Hasel-nut. Leaves, solitary in the 
wild specimens, generally two in the cultivated ones ; linear- 
lanceolate, striated, grooved, attenuated at both extremi- 
ties, ten to twelve inches long. Scape much shorter than the 
leaves, rounded, bearing an umbel of six to eight bright 
yellow flowers on slender stalks. Bracteas four to five, 
membranous, forming an imperfect involucre. Perianth of 
six leaves, spreading above, united below by the filaments 
of the stamens, deep yellow within, paler and with a brown 
streak on the outside, below greenish. Filaments six, large, 
petaloid, deeply bifid, alternately smaller : Anther oblong, 
fixed between the segments of the filament. Germen oval- 
triangular, stipitate : Style nearly as long as the germen : 
Stigma glandular, of three deflexed lobes. 

Fig. 1. Base of the Perianth, showing the Stamens. 2. Two of the Sta- 
mens. 3. Pistil : — magnified. 


( 3589 ) 



Class and Order. 

Tetrandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ol'd. OnAGRARIEjE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Eucharidium, Fischer et Meyer. — Calycis tubus supra ova- 
rium elongatum, filiformis, cum limbo 4-partito deciduus. 
Petala 4, unguiculata (trifida). Stamina 4 ! Stigma bilo- 
bum. Capsula 4-valvis, dehiscens. Semina nurnerosa, in 
quovis loculo uniserialia, sursum imbricata, erecta, alato- 
marginata. F. et M. 

Specific Name and Synonym. 

Eucharidium * concinnum. 

Eucharidium concinnum. Fisch. et Mey. Ind. Secundus, 
Sem. Hort. Petrop. p. SI. 

A very remarkable and pretty little annual, allied to 
Epilobium and Clarkia ; and well distinguished from both 
by Drs. Fischer and Meyer in the work above quoted, 
where many rare Californian plants are first described. 
The present plant inhabits Ross, in New California. Seeds 
were kindly sent by Dr. Fischer to the Glasgow Botanic 
Garden, where the plants produced their lively blossoms in 
the open border during the months of August and Sep- 

Descr. Root small, annual. Stem nearly simple, erect, 
rounded, glabrous, red. Leaves below opposite, and soon 


* Probably from tv, bene, and x«f»f, gaudium, from the lively ippeuance 
of the flowers. 

deciduous, the rest alternate, all of them oblong-ovate, 
entire, shortly petiolate, glabrous ; flowers sessile, from the 
axils of the upper leaves, and forming a sort of leafy corymb. 
Calyx with the upper part of the tube slender and crowning 
the germen ; the limb four-cleft, the segments linear-lance- 
olate, often cohering by the apex, sometimes free and then 
reflex ed, red. Petals four, unequally placed, cuneate, 
trifid, rose-coloured, with pale veins and deeper spots. 
Stamens four, erect : Filaments didynamous : Anthers ovate, 
slightly hairy, recurved at the point : Style rather longer 
than the stamens. Stigma two-lobed, white, fleshy, and 

Fig. 1. Upper part of the Calyx, Stamens, and Style. 2. Petal. 3. 
Stamen : magnified. 

( 3590 ; 
Catasetum luridum. Lurid Catasetum. 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium saepius globosum, nunc explanatum. Se- 
pala et petala subaequalia. Labellum crassum, carnosum, 
nudum, ventricosum v. explanatum, fimbriatum ; sub apice 
saccatum obsolete trilobum. Columna erecta, aptera, li- 
bera, apice utrinque cirrhosa. Anthera subbilocularis, an- 
tice truncata. Pollinia 2, postice biloba v. sulcata, caudi- 
cula maxima nuda demum elastice contractili, glandula 
cartilaginea subquadrata. — Herbffi terrestres v. epiphyte, 
caulibus brevibus fusiformibus vestigiis foliorum vestitis. 
Folia basi vaginantia, plicata. Seapi radicates. Flores 
speciosi, racemosi, virides, nunc purpureo-maculati. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Catasetum luridum; pseudobulbis oblongis compressis, 
foliis lato-lanceolatis, racemo brevi nutante, perianthio 
subgloboso, petalis sepalisque subrotundo-ellipticis 
arete imbricatis, labello magno carnoso cucullato apice 
producto truncato subreflexo. 

Catasetum luridum. Lind. Gen. et Sp. Orchid, p. 156. 
Bot. Reg. t. 1667. 

Anguloa lurida. " Link in Verhandl. des Vereins, fyc. 1. 
p. 289. t. 6." 

The form of the flowers of this very distinct species of 
Catasetum is no less remarkable than their powerful fra- 
grance : a single raceme of flowers diffusing its odour 
throughout the whole of a large apartment, and which is 
too powerful if we smell closely at the blossoms themselves. 

It seems to have been first cultivated in Prussia, and is a 
native of Brazil. Our plant flowered in the stove of the 
Glasgow Botanic Garden in July, 1836. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulb oblong, striated, somewhat com- 
pressed: sheathed below with large scales, above by the 
bases of five to six rather large, lanceolate leaves, which 
are a foot or more long and striated. Scape a foot high, 
arising from the base of a pseudo-bulb, and bearing, in our 
specimen, a short raceme of five, large, drooping, subglo- 
bose flowers. Sepals and petals nearly equal, roundish, 
oval very concave, pale greenish, obscurely spotted, 
closely imbricated above and at the sides of the lip Lip 
very large, singularly thick and fleshy, remarkably cucul- 
late at the base, the mouth expanding and ending in a de- 
ttexed, truncated or slightly two-lobed apex, the outside is 
pale dull green faintly striated, within deeply tinged with 
yellow, striated with green, the sides elegantly dotted with 
rich brown. Column completely enclosed in the cucullate 
«SL ?{- if Pj ffre f n ' semi cylindrical, with two purplish 
Z ^i I C 5 rest . on u the insid e of the lip. Anther depressed, 
acuminated, as is the top of the column 

m!gtifiei QCil0n ° f ** Lip ' indudin ^ the Column - 2. Pollen-masses : 

( 3591 ) 

Begonia platanifolia. Plane-leaved 

Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Begoniace*:. ) 

Generic Character. 

Masc. Cal. o. Cor. polypetala, petalis plerumque 4, 

F(em. Cal. o. Cor. petalis 4—9, plerumque maequa- 
libus. Styli tres, bifidi. Caps, triquetra, alata, triloculare 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Begonia platanifolia ; fruticosa ; foliis subaequaliter reni- 
formibus lobatis serrulato-denticulatis utrinque nis- 
pidis subtus purpurascentibus, lobis acutis, stipulis 
ovatis acutis rigidis demum marceseentibus. 

Begonia platanifolia. Schott.—Spreng. Syst. Veget. cur. 
post. 407. 

«* We received this large and handsome species at Edin- 
burgh from Berlin in 1834, but the plants did not grow 
vigorously, nor flower, till this year, when our increased 
accommodation at the Botanic Garden enabled us to give 
them greater stove heat. ,. ,. 

t\_ ,>. . i i. ~C >.r, n \A crrnwth. fin OUl" 

round, joints slightly swollen and marked with a ring, trom 
whence the stipSles fell, slightly spotted, glabrous, showing 
little disposition to develop branches unless the top be 
injured. Leaves (eight to ten inches across their greatest 
diameter) alternate, petiolate, reniform, nearly equal at tne 


base, lobed, hispid on both sides, dark green above, paler 
and becoming purplish below, especially on the ribs, which 
are strong and prominent ; lobes acute, contorted, serrulato- 
denticulate, and in the interstices between the teeth crenu- 
late and ciliated ; petioles (two to three inches long) nearly 
round, slightly flattened above, erect ; stipules opposite, 
intrafoliaceous, ovate, acute, involute, herbaceous, rigid, 
marcescent. Cymes axillary, on peduncles as long as the 
petioles, dichotomous, always bearing a flower in the cleft, 
fully developed only after the leaf, from the axil of which it 
springs, drops off; branches slightly hairy, spreading like a 
fan. Male flowers (there are no others on the only two 
specimens which have yet flowered with us) tetrapetalous, 
nearly white, very large (two inches across) ; petals very 
unequal, the larger rotundato-ovate, the smaller spathulato- 
linear. Stamens numerous, connected only at the base : 
filament slender : connective thick, and clavate : anther-cells 
small, on the outside of the connective, and towards its 
edges." Graham. 


( 3592 ) 
Clarkia elegans. Californian Clarkia. 

Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Onagrarle. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cat. superus 4-partitus reflexus, saepe laciniis cohaerenti- 
bus. Pet. 4, unguiculata, aestivatione convoluta. Stam. 
alterna sterilia, antheris demurn reflexis. Stigma 4-lobum, 
petaloideum. Capsula cylindracea, sulcata, 4-locularis, 4- 
valvis. Semina adscendentia nuda. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Clarkia elegans ; foliis ovatis dentatis integrisque, caule 
glauco racemose-, petalis rhomboideis indivisis, stig- 
mate pubescente, ovario piloso. Lindl. 

Clarkia elegans. " Dougl. in litt." Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 

This is a third species of the Genus Clarkia which Mr. 
Douglas has detected on the Pacific side of North America: 
two of them he found in the Hudson's Bay Company's 
territories ; while the present is a native of California, and 
scarcely less worthy of a place in our flower borders, (where 
it is perfectly hardy,) than the well-known Clarkia pul- 
chella, which Mr. Douglas was also the means of introduc- 
ing to our collections through the Horticultural Society. 
It blossoms through the summer and autumn. 

Descr. Stem erect, two to three feet high, with numer- 
ous erect, twiggy, rounded, and quite glabrous, reddish 
branches. Leaves ovate, on short petioles, glabrous, acute, 
more or less distinctly toothed, the upper ones gradually 
narrower and smaller, and taking the place of bracteas : so 
that the branches, for a great part of their length, are long, 


leafy, distantly flowering spikes. Bud pendent : the flower 
stands out horizontally and is quite sessile. Calyx hairy, 
of four superior segments, which, however, as in (Enothera, 
split open for the whole length only on one side, the apices 
still continuing united, and the base forming a cup-shaped 
tube above the germen. Petals four, equal, spreading, 
somewhat rhomboidal, with a distinct claw, of a deep rose 
colour. Stamens eight, four longer and fertile : four ste- 
rile. Anther linear-oblong, red, fixed by the base. Style 
ascending, white : Stigma of four spreading lobes. Capsule 
immature, cylindrical, hispid, marked with eight furrows. 

Fig. 1. Portion of the Calyx, with two Stamens (a fertile and a sterile 
one,) and the base of a Petal. 2. Immature Capsule : magnified. 

Sift A. 

( 3593 ) 

Delphinium vimineum. Slender Upright 



Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Ranunculace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx deciduitis petaloideus irregularis, sepalo nempe su- 
periore in calcar deorsum producto. Petala 4 ; 2 superiora 
basi in appendicibus intra calcar contentis producta. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Delphinium vimineum; pubescens, petiolis simplicibus, 
foliis planis tripartitis, segmentis cuneatis obtusis mu- 
cronulatis trilobis ; summis liuearibus indivisis tripar- 
titisve, racemo laxo velutino, petalorum inferiorum 
limbo bifido, calcare recto calycis longitudinc, ovariis 
sericeis. Don. 

Delphinium vimineum. Don, in Sw. Brit. Fl. Gard. t. 374. 

Raised from seeds sent to the Glasgow Botanic Garden 
from Velasco, in Texas, by the late Mr. Drummond. The 
same plant has been figured by Mr. Don, with the lower 
leaves smaller and broader : and I follow that Botanist m 
making it a new species; at the same time, I am far from 
certain that it is not a state of D. azureum, also found in 
Texas by Mr. Drummond,) with less divided leaves than 
usual. It is a handsome hardy perennial, flowering in July 
and August. 

Descr. Stem slightly branched, two to three feet high, 
downy. Leaves all petiolate, tripartite, the segments linear- 
cuneate, entire or deeply and unequally bifid, upper ones 

the narrowest. Racemes lax, elongated,, of several mode- 
rately-sized, bright azure flowers. Rachis and pedicels 
downy. Sepals oblong, acute, waved : Spur equal to them 
in length. Upper petals resembling the carina of a papili- 
onaceous flower; its claw tubular: lower petals with the 
limb spreading, purple, bifid, bearded with a yellow tuft of 
hairs. Stamens numerous. 

Fig. 1. Flower, with the three lower Sepals removed, nat. size. 2. Lower 
Petal. 3. Upper Petals : magnified. 

( 3594 ) 

Lychnis Bungeana. Dr. Bunge's Scarlet 


At- A' .St''. A. . S K A. . V I / . . V t / . A', A. A. ."fr. .SK r^- ■ V l / i ."fr- A' A- A .^i ■St'- jfr-t 

^p /f. ■>}? "^r vj>" vj> vf* • ^r '/|n' "^s" '/fs" "/is" vf," vfr 7j\ ^f vff vf. >i* -r- ■£• MS 

CZass and Order. 
Decandria Pentagynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Caryophyllejs. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx tubulosus, 5-dentatus, nudus. Petala 5, unguicu- 
lata, fauce saepius coronata. Stamina 10. Styli 5. Cap- 
sula 1 — 5-locularis, anthophoro longo vel nullo. D C. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Lychnis Bungeana; caule pubescenti, foliis ovato-lanceo- 
latis ciliatis sessilibus, floribus axillaribus terminali- 
busque solitariis, calycibus pilosis profunde 10-an- 
gulatis, petalis (coccineis) obsolete coronatis angusto- 
cuneatis apice profunde inciso-multifidis. 

Lychnis Bungeana. Fisch. et Mey. Hort. Petrop. 

I regret that the history of this most beautiful plant is 
unknown to me, further than that it was received at the 
Glasgow Botanic Garden, (where it flowered in a warm 
open border in September, 1835,) from Mr. Booth of Ham- 
burgh, under the name here adopted, and evidently intend- 
ed to commemorate the services, rendered to Science and 
Botany in particular, of Dr. Alexander Bunge, who not 
only accompanied Professor Ledebour in his celebrated 
travels in the Altai, but was attached to the Russian mission 
which went to Pekin, during which he collected many 
plants in the north of China. From the circumstance of 
that species of Lychnis, which is perhaps the most nearly 
allied to it, (L. grandifiora, J acq. L. coronata, Thunb., and 
Curt. Bot. Mag. t. 233,) being a native of China and Japan, 
I had hoped to have found some account of the present 


among the plants that have been described of those two 
countries : but none appears, and I am therefore ignorant 
both of the region of which it is a native, and of the name 
of the Botanist to whom we are indebted for its discovery *. 
Descr. Appearance and mode of growth extremely simi- 
lar to that of L. grandiflora ; but the stem is downy, and 
the leaves, though similar in form, are decidedly ciliated at 
the margin and on the nerve at the back. The flowers 
grow in a similar manner ; but here the calyx is hairy and 
deeply sulcated, presenting ten sharp angles. The most 
striking difference, however, resides in the petals, which 
instead of being of a dull orange red, very broad and 
closely placed, and only fimbriated at the extremity, are of 
a bright crimson, distantly placed, narrow-cuneate, and 
deeply laciniated, so as to be irregularly multifid at the 

* Since the above was written, Dr. von Fischer informs me, that it was 
found by Dr. Bunge in a garden at Pekin : but its native country was not 

Fig. 1. Calyx. 2. Petal :—nat. size. 





( 3595 ) 

Epidendrum coriaceum. Coriaceous- 
leaved Epidendrum. 


Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — OrchidejE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala patentia, subaequalia. Petala sepalis aequalia, v. 
angustiora, rarius latiora, patentia v. reflexa. Labellum 
cum marginibus columnar omnino v. parte connatum, limbo 
integro v. diviso, disco saepius calloso, costato, v. tubercu- 
lato ; nunc in calcar productum ovario accretum et cunicu- 
lum formans. Columna elongata : clinandrio marginato, 
saspe fimbriato. Anther a carnosa, 2 — 4-locularis. Pollinia 
4, caudiculis totidem replicatis annexa. — Herbae (Ameri- 
canae) epiphytce, caule nunc apice v. basi pseudo-bulboso, 
nunc elongato apice fotioso. Folia carnosa, rarissime venis 
elevatis striata. Flores spicati, racemosi corymbosi, v. pa- 
niculate terminates v. later ales. Lindl. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Epidendrum coriaceum ; pseudo-bulbis oblongo-lanceolatis 
compressis, foliis subbinis coriaceis acutis oblongo- 
lanceolatis, perianttiii foliolis obovato-oblongis, petalis 
sepalis duplo angustioribus, labelli limbo rotundato- 
reflexo. Parker MSS. 

This plant was sent from Demerara some years ago by 
Charles Parker, Esq., to the Liverpool Botanic Garden, 
where Mr. Henry Shepherd considered it a variety of E. 
variegatum (Bot. Mag. t. 3151.), and, I must confess, I was 
myself at first disposed to look upon it in the same light : 
but Mr. Parker has, I think, clearly shown, that it is a 


distinct species. " The leaves/ 5 Mr. Parker observes, " are 
invariably more coriaceous, more lanceolate, shorter, less 
striated, and acute, only one or two, the segments of the 
sepals more unequal (to say nothing- of the difference in the 
spotting)." It will, indeed, undoubtedly rank next to E. 

Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Column and Lip -.—magnified. 


( 3596 ) 

Habranthus Andersoni, var. e, Texanus. 
Anderson's Habranthus, Texas var. 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. AlVlARYLLIDEiE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Germen medio constrictum ; tubus aequales. Filamenta 
declinata, fasciculata, recurvata, quaternalongitudine. Sty- 
lus declinatus, recurvatus. Semina cumulata, complanata 
nigra. — Flos sub sole patentior. Herb. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Habranthus* Andersoni; bulbo parvo obovato, foliis aii- 
gustis 5 — 6-uncialibus, scapo unifloro subrubescente, 
3 — 4-unciali. Spatha unciali apice diviso, pedunculo 
If unciali, genuine subrubescente, corolla lf-unciali 
aurea v. cuprea striis extemis et. fundo subfusco-rubes- 
cente, tubo x-unciali membrana intus clauso, laciniis 
externis imbricantibus, filamentis internis longioribus; 
summo brevissimo stylo longiore. Herb. 

Habranthus Andersoni. Herb, in Bot. Reg. 1. 1345. Herb. 
Amaryllid. p. 167. , 

(y.) Texanus ; perianthii laciniis rotundate obtusionbus. 

Of this pretty Habranthus, four varieties are noticed by 
Mr. Herbert in the Bot. Reg., all, apparently, from Monte 
Video. The plant must have an extended range. I pos- 
sess specimens from Buenos Ayres gathered by Tweedie, 


From »/3pof, delicate, and a»8o? ; %fiower. 

from Araucania, S. Chili, by Mr. Reynolds ; and Mr. 
Drummond sent the species from Texas (third Collection, 
n. 410, of the dried specimens) which Mr. Herbert has 
pronounced to be the same, differing slightly in the shape 
of the segments of the floral covering. 

Bulbs sent home by Mr. Drummond have flowered both 
in Mr. Herbert's garden and in that of Glasgow ; and from 
the latter collection, the drawings here given were made. 
The leaves did not appear on our flowering specimens. 

Fig. 1. Inner view of an inner segment of the Perianth. 2. Stamens and 
Pistil. 3. Section of the Ovary. — Magnified. 

( 3597 ) 


Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide,e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala patula, libera, subaequalia ; lateralia cum basi pro- 
ducta columnae adnata, vix basi obliqua. Petala sepalis 
duplo minora. Labellum cum pede mucronato columnae 
articulatum, cucullatum, trilobum, medio callosum. Co- 
lumna brevis, semiteres, mutica. Anthera mutica, subcris- 
tata. Pollinia 4, per paria incumbentia, caudiculis duabus 
distinctis materiei viscidae rostelli adhaerentibus, glandula 
(oblonga).— Epiphyta, pseudo-bulbosa, Maxillariae (Cola- 
cisj habitu. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Bifrenaria * aurantiaca ; pseudo-bulbis subrotundis com- 
pressis diphyllis, foliis oblongis plicatis racemi erecti 
longitudine, petalis erectis, labelli lobis lateralibu* 
semicordatis intermedio transverso ovali subundulato 
basi bicalloso, columna pubescente. Lindl. 

Bifrenaria aurantiaca. Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1875. 

Prom the stove of the Glasgow Botanic Garden, having 
been received by Mr. Murray from Demerara, where the 
plant is a native. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs broadly ovate, compressed, spotted, 

bearing a single leaf at the extremity, which is oval-oblong, 

& striated, 

* " So named in allusion to the double strap or fnenum that connects the 
pollen-masses with their glands." 

striated, acute, waved, spotted with purple beneath, taper- 
ing below into a short footstalk. Scape from the base of 
the bulb, a span high, bearing a raceme of deep yellow 
flowers, spotted with orange. Sepals and petals nearly 
equal, oblong, spreading, waved. Lip clawed, articulated 
upon the produced base of the column ; limb three-lobed, 
with a callous excrescence at the base, two side lobes 
oblong, deflexed ; intermediate one much larger, bifid. 
Column semicylindrical. Anther helmet-shaped, bidentate 
at the back. Pollen-masses two, two-lobed, stalked : the 
stalks adhering to one common gland. 

Fig. 1. Side view of a Flower. 2. Column. 3. Anther-case. 4, 5. 
Pollen-masses. 6. Lip: — magnified. 

■ ZfJ/ 

( 3598 ) 

Cereus Ackermanni. Ackermann's 
Mexican Cereus. 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Cacte^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala numerosissima imbricata basi ovario adnata m 
tubum elongatum concreta, exteriora breviora calycmalia, 
media longiora colorata, intima petahformia. Stam. nume- 
rosissima cum tubo concreta. Stylus filiformis ap.ce multi- 
fidus. Bacca sepalorum reliquiis areoiata tuberculosa aut 
squamata. Cotyledones null* ?-Frutices carnosi elongati 
axi ligneo interne medullifero donati, anguhs vertical*™ 
spinarum fasciculos gerentibus regulanter sulcati. Angun 
seu ate nunc plurimte, nunc paucissima, ramus duce tantum 
et tunc rami compresso-alati. Plores amph e spinarum Jas- 
ciculis aut crenis angulorum orti. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cereus (Phyllanthus) Ackermanni; ramis compressissimo- 
alatis foliiformibus, sinuato-lobatis flonbus max m s 
coccineis ad crenas ramorum sessilibus tubo petaiis 
acutissimis ter breviore, antheris stigmatibusque roseis. 

Cereus Ackermanni. Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. V66Y . 

Cereus oxypetalus? Be Cand. Prodr. v. 3. p. 4<0. Hjusd. 
Rev. de la Jam. des Cact. p. 60. t. 14. 

Mr. Murray received this truly splendid plant from Mr. 
Hitchin, with the remark, that it was raised from seeds 
which came direct from Mexico : thus confirming the state- 
ment of Mr Tate, with regard to its native country (as 
given in the Bot. Register) which had been called in ques- 
tion. An opinion seemed to prevail, that it was a seedling 


hybrid : and, indeed, it is an extraordinary circumstance, 
that a phyllanthoid Cactus should bear flowers as large, 
and almost exactly like those of Cereus speciosissimus. I 
have referred to the present species, though, certainly, not 
without hesitation, the Cereus oxypetalus of De Candolle 
above quoted, and those who will be at the trouble of 
comparing the two will find many striking points of resem- 
blance ; added to which they are both from the same country. 
Almost the only difference is in the flowers of C. oxypetalus 
being less spreading, <c reddish-brown on the outside, and 
white within." But when we consider that Professor De 
Candolle's knowledge of the plant is solely derived from a 
Mexican drawing, we may be allowed to suppose that there 
probably exists some variation in the plant itself, or that the 
artist was not a faithful colourist. The sharpness of the 
petals, especially in the state of the bud, is very remark- 
able in both. With us it bears its magnificent flowers in 

Descr. Stems a foot and a half high, rounded at the 
base, and marked with little downy prominences, bearing 
a few short bristles; the branches singularly dilated and 
flattened, so as to be two inches to two inches and a half 
broad, and leaf-like, sinuato-lobed at the margin, desti- 
tute of prickles as of fascicles of hairs : in the centre 
is a costa projecting on both sides, and some oblique and 
broad lateral nerves. From a sinus of these branches, and 
generally from near the extremity, the flower-bud arises, 
which in a few days enlarges into the splendid blossom 
here represented. The tube is about two inches long, 
green, tinged with brown, bearing a few ovate, lax, mem- 
branous scales, soon passing mto petals, of which the greater 
number are about four inches long, oblong, very acute, 
slightly waved, of a rich scarlet colour and satiny lustre. 
Stamens numerous, declined, shorter than the petals : Fila- 
ments slender, greenish white at the base, the rest scarlet : 
Anther and pollen rose-colour. Style longer than the sta- 
mens : Stigma of seven linear, spreading rays. 

( 3599 ) 

Blumenbachia multifida. Multifid- 
leaved Blumenbachia. 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Orel. — Loase^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calycis tubus spiraliter striatus ovario adherens, lim- 
bus 5-partitus, marcescens. Pet. 5, compresso-cucullata. 
Squamce 5 petalis alternae, singula? filamenta 2 sterilia 
includentes. Stam. oo, in fasciculos 5 petalos oppositos 
disposita. Stylus I, obtusus. Fructus fungosus in partes 
10 basi spirales dehiscens, 5 alternae tenuiores (dissepi- 
menta), 5 crassiores (valvae). Semina plure parieti dis- 
sepimentorum versus axim adfixa, epidermida indusiata ru- 
gosa. — Herbae ramosce scandentes piloso-prurientes, habitu 
et inflorescentia Loaseae, sed fructus structura distinctce. 
Pedunculi axillares, uniflori, bracteati. Flores albi. D C. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Blumenbachia multifida; foliis palmatis lobis bipinnati- 
fidis, floribus bibracteatis, petalis hispidis. 

This new Blumenbachia was first detected by the late 
Dr. Gillies at Buenos Ay res, and I noticed his specimens, 
preserved in my Herbarium under the description of Bl. 
insignis, at t. 2865 of this work. Since that discovery 
Mr. Tweedie has gathered the same plant in the Pampas 
of Buenos Ayres, and seeds from him have been raised in 
the Glasgow Botanic Garden. The plants flourish ex- 
tremely well in the open border, and preserve all the 
characters of my native dried ones, so that I can have little 
hesitation in considering the species perfectly distinct from 


Bl. insignis. It is the much stronger growing plant of the 
two, more compact, more hispid with strings: the leaves 
are much larger, five-partite in a palmated manner, the 
middle lobe the longest, but all of them bipinnatifid and 
wrinkled upon the surface. The peduncles are longer, 
the bracteas constantly two at the base of each germen, 
the petals are hispid ; in other respects the two plants are 
so closely allied that it is needless to repeat the description 
already given at our tab. 2865. 

Blumenbachia insignis may be thus characterized : gracilis, foliis 
quinquelobo-palmatis lobis inciso-pinnatifidis, floribus unibracteatis, 
petalis pubescentibus. 

( 3600 ) 

Lobelia Cavanillesii. Cavanilles* 


Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Campanulace^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cor. tubo hinc fisso (raro integro) ; limbo 5-partito. 
Anther* connatse. Stigma bilobam (nunc nidi visum). ta/>- 
sula bilocularis (raro 3-loc.) apice supero bivalvi.— Herbae 
vel suffrutices, pleratque lactescentes. Folia alt erna, Integra 
v. laciniata, raro fistulosa. Flores racemosi, terminates v. 
axillares, solitarii, pedicellis bibracteatis v. nudis. Antnerae 
s&pius barbata?. Br. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Lobelia Cavanillesii; erecta herbacea glabra, foliis sparsis 
lanceolato-acuminatis serrulatis sessihbus pedunculis 
axillaribus uuifloris gracilibus fol.o siibbrevioribus, 
corolla calycis basi obtusa lacinns erectis tubulosa su- 
perne fissa bilabiata, laciniis 2 snperionbus liberis in- 
ferioribus 3 coadunatis, antheris hirsutissimis. 

Lobelia Cavanillesii. Rcem. et Sch. Syst. Veget. v. b.p. *6. 
Spreng.Syst Vegetv.l.p.nS^ 

Lobelia persicifoba. Cav. Ic. v. b. p. i*- ^ 


A very graceful and desirable stove plant, a native of 
New Spain, according to Cavanilles, near Acambaro tre- 
quently growing with Martinia annz/aand Bartramia, ana 
more abundantly with Helianthus giganleus multl J io ^ s ' 
tuberosus, and angustifolius, which occupy so large a space 
in the borders of fields, that the corn growing ™o»gst 

them is sometimes wholly concealed from the view of the 
travellers." We are indebted for the plant in the Glasgow 
Botanic Garden to Professor Lehmann of Hamburgh. • Its 
flowering season is August and September. Its nearest 
affinity is with L. Kraussii, Grah. in Bot. Mag. t. 3012, 
from which the calyx, corolla, and stamens are consider- 
ably different. 

Descr. In our plant the stem is nearly three feet high, 
erect, scarcely branched, rounded, dark purple, clothed 
with scattered leaves, spreading in all directions and nearly 
horizontally, four to six inches long, sessile, lanceolate, 
glabrous, acuminated, acutely serrated for their whole 
length. Peduncles solitary, axillary, slender, single-flow- 
ered, generally shorter than the leaves, curved gracefully 
downwards, but bearing the flower horizontally. Calyx 
with a short wrinkled tube, very obtuse at the base ; seg- 
ments broadly lanceolate, erect, about as long as the tube, 
glabrous as well as the corolla, which is nearly two inches 
Jong, orange-red, tubular, but slit longitudinally above for 
the whole length, (in which slit the staminal tube is 
lodged,) two-lipped : upper lip of two linear, reflexed seg- 
ments ; lower lip of three narrow segments, which are 
combined and only three-toothed at the apex. Stamens 
united for their whole length into a long red tube : Anthers 
combined, very hairy : Stigma two-lobed. 

Fig. 1. Flower: nat. size. 

( 3601 ) 

Monachanthus discolor: 0. viridiflorus. 
Dingy Monk-flower: Green-flowered var. 


Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ol'd. ORCHIDEiE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium explanatum. Sepala et petala sequalia, de- 
orsum versa. Labellum posticum, carnosum, indivisum, 
ventricosum, sepalis multo majus. Columna brevis, crassa, 
mutica. Anthera et pollinia Cataseti. — Epiphytce Cataseti 
habitu. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Monachanthus* discolor ; racemo laxo multifloro, labello 
hemisphaerico marginibus planis medio fimbriatis. 
Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1735. 
(3.) viridiflora; floribus viridibus. (Tab. Nostr. 3601.) 
(y.) Bushnani; floribus viridi-fulvis, labello minus fimbri- 
ato. (Tab. Nostr. 3601. fig. A.) 

Like so many of the epiphytal OrchideaB the present 
species is probably liable to considerable variation. Three 
plants of it, received at different times from Demerara, 
where it is a native, have all proved different in colour and 
somewhat in the shape of the flowers. 1 . The original 
M. discolor of Dr. Lindley, with the lip and sepals dingy 
green, the petals purple. 2. The plant here figured, re- 
ceived at the Glasgow Botanic Garden, amongst a splendid 

set of other Epiphytes, by favour of Inverarity, Esq. ; 


* From Mo»*|, a monk, and «»&>?, a flower, so called from the cowl-like 
jabellum of the original species. 

this has the whole flower of nearly the same uniform pale 
green ; — and 3, A noble raceme sent to us by C. Par- 
ker, Esq. of Liverpool, imported from Demerara also : this 
approaches nearer in colour to Dr. Lindley's plant, but the 
colour is much more inclining to yellow or buff, and the 
margin of the lip is less distinct and less fimbriated. All 
are eminently singular and deserving of cultivation. Our 
0. and y. flowered in August, 1836. The following de- 
scription applies to the second of these varieties. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulb five or six inches long in the old 
state when destitute of leaves. In the flowering state of 
the plant it is scarcely more than two to three inches long, 
sheathed by the broad bases of the leaves, of which the 
outer ones are short., the rest a foot or more in length, lance- 
olate, striated, plicate, dark green above, paler and some- 
what glaucous beneath. Scape a foot and a half long, 
arising from the base of the young pseudo-bulb, pale 
green, bearing a lax raceme of seven to nine flowers, of 
a yellowish -green colour, nearly destitute of fragrance. 
Sepals lanceolate, closely reflexed. Petals straight, having 
the direction of the column, oblong, their margins invo- 
lute. Lip large, fleshy, ventricose, yellow and downy 
within, the sides much reflexed and beautifully fringed, 
somewhat three-lobed at the apex, the middle lobe not 
longer than the side ones, very obscurely toothed. Co- 
lumn short, standing forward, quite exposed, the sides 
above thickened and produced, thus forming on each side 
a sort of tooth, directed downwards (corresponding with 
the setae in Catasetum) under the singularly projecting 
margin at the base of the stigma. Anther hemispherical. 
Pollen-masses two, as in Catasetum, furrowed at the back, 
fixed to a large, broad, and highly elastic membrane, 
which, on separating from the column, has its sides singu- 
larly reflexed; this membrane, indeed, often springs up 
from the column before the falling of the lid, and soon 
turns black, giving the appearance of a black beak to the 
base of the anther, as seen in the lower flower of our 

Fig. 1. Front view of the Column. 2. Pollen-masses : magnified. A. 
Flower from Mr. Parker's plant of var. y : nat. size. 


Swan ■)'■•• 

( 3602 ) 

Gesneria Lindleyi. Dr. Lindley's 

Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Gesneriace^;. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus (plerumque germini adnatus). Cor. tu- 
buloso-campanulata, limbo bilabiato ; labio superiore bi- 
inferiore trifido. Stigma bilobum. Capsula biloculans, 
2-valvis, placentis parietalibus. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Gesneria Lindleyi; elata, pubescenti-hirsuta subscabra, 
foliis petiolatis oppositis ovato-oblongis rugosis cre- 
natis, verticillis sursum aphyllis in racemum elonga- 
tum compositis, corollae limbo obliquo lobo superiore 
majori, glandulis hypogynis 5. 

Gesneria rutila: var. atrosanguinea. Lindl. not. ueg 
t. 1279. 

This is a very striking plant, handsome in its foliage 
and in its flowers, which latter, though each is but of tew 
days' duration, are succeeded by others in the same whorl 
for a considerable length of time. Professor Lindley was 
of opinion that it is merely a variety of his Gesneria rutila 
(Bot. Reg. t. 1158.); but a comparison of his two » tig u res 
will, as it appears to me, show them to be different The 
original G. rutila has axillary solitary flowers of a different 
colour and having a wider mouth; and the hypogynous 
glands are only two, whereas in G Lindleyi they are 
constantly five. It is a native of Brazil, and blossoms with 
us in the stove during the months of June and Jui y gcR 

Descr. Root a large, somewhat globose, depressed 
tuber. Stem erect, four to five feet high, rounded, purple, 
hairy, below marked with darker streaks ; branches oppo- 
site, short, not bearing flowers. Leaves opposite, ovato- 
oblong, obtuse, wrinkled, crenate, downy and somewhat 
scabrous : petiole varying in length in the lower part of the 
plant, nearly half as long as the leaf, channelled above. 
The upper part of the stem becomes suddenly bare of 
leaves, and bears numerous pseudo-verticils of flowers, 
thus constituting a raceme, one or two feet in length. 
Peduncles, generally in threes, from three lines to an inch 
in length. Calyx inflated, five-angled, deeply cut into 
five, acute, triangular segments, scabrous. Corolla bright 
scarlet : tube slightly curved and a little inflated near the 
middle, remarkably dilated and inflated at the base. The 
limb oblique, five-lobed, within spotted with yellow, upper 
lobe much broader than the rest, emarginate. Stamens 
lour : Anthers meeting in a cross-shaped manner. Germen 
oblong, with five yellow glands, of which two larger ones 
are combined. Style rather longer than the flower. 

Fig. 1 Calyx and Pistil. 2. Corolla. 3. Pistil with hypogynous Glands: 
magnified. Jf z>j 



,K ^ 


^fe : 





■ %^HH 



( 3603 ) 

Oncidium luridum. Dingy-flowered 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide.e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium explanatum. Sepala saepius undulata : late- 
ralibus nunc sub labello connatis. Petala conformia. La- 
bellum maximum, ecalcaratum, cum columna continuum, 
varie lobatum, basi tuberculatum vel cristatum. Columna 
libera, semiteres, apice utrinque alata. Anther a semibilo- 
cularis, rostello nunc abbreviate, nunc elongate- rostrato. 
Pollinia 2, postice sulcata, caudicula plana, glandula ob- 
longa. — Herbae epiphyta,nuncpseudo-bulbosce. Folia cori- 
acea. Scapi paniculati, vaginati, rarius simplices. Flores 
speciosi, lutei, scepius maculati, raro albi. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Oncidium luridum; pseudo-bulbis nullis, foliis lanceolatis 
rigidis carnosis carinatis solitariis, sepalis liberis peta- 
lisque subrotundo - ovalibus unguiculatis undulatis, 
labelli lobis lateralibus minimis obtusis lateribus revo- 
lutis, intermedio amplo reniformi-emarginato, crista 

Oncidium luridum. Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 727. Gen. et bp. 

Orchid, p. 201. 
Oncidium cuneatum. Lindl. Coll. Bot. p. 27. 
Epidendrum guttatum. Linn. Sp. PI. P- 1351. 
Cymbidium guttatum. Willd. Sp. PI v. 4. p. 102. 

This species varies considerably as to the height and 
branching of the scape, the depth of colour in its flowers, 
and the size of these. We had three plants very consider- 


ably differing in these respects, from Mr. Cross ; to whom 
we owe a very excellent collection of parasitical Orchidejg, 
which he brought from Trinidad in 1835. All the varieties 
flowered freely in the stove of the Royal Botanic Garden, 
Edinburgh, in April, 1837, and continued for several weeks 
in great perfection. 

Descr. .Roo^ of strong, cylindrical, waved fibres. Pseudo- 
bulbs wanting. Leaves (one foot four inches long, three 
inches aud a half broad) solitary, lanceolate, very thick and 
rigid, dull green, having small, brown, circular spots on 
both sides, folded along the middle, keeled behind. Scape 
(three feet high), slender,, brown, with numerous small, 
greenish-yellow oblong spots, panicled or racemose, with 
small alternate, subacute, membranous sheaths. Flowers 
large, yellow, with large, brown, confluent spots, which 
cover nearly the whole upper surface, but are somewhat less 
continuous behind. Sepals all distinct, unguiculate, undu- 
late, crenulate, warted on the back, the upper rotundato- 
rhomboid, the lower spathulato-oblong and slightly cohering 
near the insertion of their claws only. Petals resembling the 
upper sepal, but larger, and without warts behind. Lip 
three-lobed ; the side-lobes small, blunt, revolute in their 
edges, the central lobe large, kidney-shaped, emarginate, 
rather less undulate than the other parts of the perianth, and 
like them crenulate, without warts behind ; crest of three 
longitudinal, erect lamellae, of which those at the sides are 
interrupted in the middle, that in the centre is nearly 
entire, becoming broader downwards. Column about as 
long as the claw of the upper sepal, colourless, with two 
large kidney-shaped wings, emarginate at the upper edge, 
pink-coloured in front, and two smaller, rounded, entire, 
internal wings. Anther-case white, helmet-shaped, crested, 
emarginate at its anterior edge and sides, minutely pubes- 
cent. Pollen-masses pear-shaped, furrowed behind, placed 
on the upper edge of a white membrane, which has its 
origin from the anterior border of the subrotund gland, 
and covers the upper surface of this. Graham. 

Fig. 1. Column and Lip : magnified. 


( 3604 ) 

Lobelia siphilitica; hybrida. Hybrid var. 
of the Blue American Lobelia. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Lobeliace^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cor. tubo hinc fisso (raro integro) ; limbo 5-partito. 
Anther ce connatas. Stigma bilobum (nunc indivisurn). Cap- 
sula bilocularis (raro 3-loc.) apice supero bivalvi.— Herbae 
vel Suffrutices, plerceque lactescentes. Folia alterna, Integra 
v. laciniata, raro fistulosa. Flores racemosi, terminates v. 
axillares, solitarii, pedicellis bibracteatis v. nudis. Anthera; 
sapius barbata. Br. 

Specific Name and Synonym. 

Lobelia siphilitica ; hybrida. 

Lowe's purple Lobelia. Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1445. 

Lobelia speciosa, and L. Milleri, Hortulan. 

There are few more beautiful hybrid vegetable produc- 
tions than the subject of the present plate ; which, though 
known in our gardens by a peculiar specific name, as it it 
were a legitimate individual, is now universally acknow- 
ledged to be the offspring of Lobelia siphilitica on the one 
hand, and of some scarlet-flowering species, L. fulgens or 
cardinalis or splendens, on the other. The foliage is most 
like the first, while the size and form of the flower chieHy 
resemble the three last; and the colour seems to partake 
of the red of the latter, combined with the blue of L siphi- 
litica, thus producing a rich purple hue, such as is very 
difficult to be imitated by the pencil of the artist. 

It is quite hardy, growing in the open air to the height 
of two to three feet, blossoming through the summer 
months, and with us continuing in great beauty till cut on 
by the autumnal frosts. 

( 3605 ) 

Eria stellata. Star-flowered 


Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — OrchidejE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala semipatentia v. clausa, inasqualia, extus lanata 
v. glabra, lateralibus basi valde obliquis cum pede columnae 
connatis calcar aemulantibus. Petala sepalo superiori aequa- 
lia v. minora. Labellum cum basi producta columnae arti- 
culatum, trilobum, raro subintegrum, cucullatum, disco 
calloso, v. cristato. Columna basi longe producta. An- 
ther a terminals, bilocularis, loculis obsolete 4-loceIlatis. 
Pollinia 8, nunc omnino libera, nunc materie elastica glan- 
dulam mentiente cohaerentia — Herbae in arboribus crescen- 
tes ; caulibus carnosis 3 vaginalis, cicatricibus foliorum nota- 
tis. Folia sapius plicata. Racemi simplices erecti, bracteis 
s<epius dilatatis. Flores nunc conspicui. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Eria* stellata ; foliis lanceolatis carnosis 5-costatis, sepalis 
pubescentibus petalisque lineari-lanceolatis acuminatis 
labelli tricostati lobis lateralibus obtusis intermedio 
acuminata, scapo elongato radicali multiiloro ovano- 
que pube ferruirinea lanatis. Lindl. 

Eria stellata. Lindl. in BoL Reg. t. 904. Gen. et Sp. 
Orchid. 7). 67. 

Octomeria stellata. Spreng. Syst. Veget. v.J.p. 310. 

Dendrobium Javanicum. Swartz in Act. Holm. ISUU. p. 
247 ? Willd. Sp. PI v. 4. p. 137 ? 

* From if*,, wool, on account of the woolly, or downy, nature of the 

VOL. XI. h 

The noble specimen here figured blossomed in ihe Orchi- 
deous stove of the Glasgow Botanic Garden in April, 1837. 
It is considered to be a native of Java, but when and by 
whom introduced is not known. It was first described in 
this country from plants which blossomed in Mrs. Cattley's 
collection. The long, curved spike of copious, fragrant, 
stellated flowers, and the creeping habit with ample and 
graceful foliage, combine to render this a most desirable 
plant for our stoves. 

Descr. Stems creeping, branched, covered with sheathing 
scales, and bearing what may be considered pseudo-bulbs, 
clothed with still larger scales, and each of these having two 
broadly lanceolate leaves, marked with five longitudinal ribs. 
Scape from the base of the leaves, long, curved, clothed 
with ferruginous down (as well as the germens), and bear- 
ing copious^owers for nearly its whole length. Bracteas 
ovato-lanceolate, soon withering. Perianth pale yellow- 
green. Sepals (which are downy on the outside) and petals 
nearly equal, linear-lanceolate, patent, two of the former 
uniting below, and forming a conspicuous, blunt, spur at 
the base of the labellum. Lip nearly parallel with the 
column, lanceolate, three-lobed, the disk with five elevated, 
crenated lines, the side lobes obtuse, incurved, marked with 
red lines, the middle lobe much acuminated and patent. 
Column extended below. Anther-case hemispherical. Pol- 
len-masses four. 

Fig. 1. Column, Anther, and Lip. 2. Anther-case. 3. Pollen-masses:— 

36t \e 

( 3606 ) 
Stenactis speciosa. Showy Stenactis. 

Class and Order. , 


( Nat. Ord. — Composite. ) 

Generic Character. 

Capitulum radiatum, radio faemineo saepe bi- vel pluri- 
seriali, ligulis angustis linearibus discoque hermaphrodito 
fertilibus; involucri subhemisphaBrici foliolis 2— 3-seriali- 
bus, imbricatis, subaequalibus, angustis, subfoliaceis, rigi- 
dulis. Receptaculum planum, v. convexum verruculoso- 
punctatum. Pappus duplex : exterior brevis paleaceus, 
paleolis angustis ; int. uniserialis, radiis distantibus, subae- 
qualibus, filiformibus, serrulato-scabris, deciduis. Nees. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Stenactis* speciosa ; caule erecto apice corymbo multifloro 
glabro, foliis ciliatis acutis integerrimis, radicalibus 
spathulatis caulinis ovato-lanceolatis subamplexicau- 
libus, radio involucro duplo longiori. 

Stenactis speciosa. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. t. 1577. 

Stenactis is a Genus of plants allied in general habit to 
Aster, and in the numerous narrow florets of the ray to 
Erigeron ; differing from both in the peculiar nature ot 
the pappus. Most of the species have been referred to one 
or other of these genera. The only ones described by 
Nees are S. annua (Aster, h, Erigeron of various authors) 
and S. verna, (Aster, L., Erigeron nudicaule, Mich.,) both 
natives of North America : S. bellidioides, (Aster, Don, an 


* I presume from «m,» Sf narrow, and «*, «*ro ? , a ray; in consequence of 
we narrow florets of the ray. 

inhabitant of Nepal, and S. glauca of Buenos Ayres. The 
present plant, a native of California, discovered by Mr. 
Douglas, and first cultivated and distributed by the Horti- 
cultural Society, is, I have no doubt, correctly referred by 
Professor Lindley to the same Genus. It flowers, like the 
Asters, in the latter end of the summer and in the autumn, 
and is equally with the Aster entitled to the appellation of 
Michaelmas Daisy. 

Descr. Root perennial. Stem herbaceous, a foot and a 
half high, rounded, striated, glabrous, erect, branched up- 
wards in a corymbose manner. Leaves sessile, oblong, 
acute, entire, ciliated at the margin, the rest glabrous, 
dark green, marked with nerves, which commence near the 
base and run upwards, nearly parallel with the midrib : the 
radical leaves spathulate, tapering into long, slender stalks. 
Flowers corymbose. Peduncles single-flowered. Flowers 
(or capitula) large, handsome. Involucre hemispherical, 
of numerous imbricated, narrow, linear-subulate, downy 
scales. Florets of the ray purple, numerous, of several 
series, exceedingly narrow. Those of the disk yellow. 

-,,„ 7 

( 3607 ) 

Chorizema Henchmanni. Mr. Hench- 
man's Chorizema. 


Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — LEGUMiNOSiE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. semiquinquefidus bilabiatus, labio superiore bifido, 
inferiore 3-partito. Cor. carina ventricosa alis breviore. 
%Zwsbrevisimcinatus. Stigma obliquum, obtusum. L<cgu- 
men ventricosum uniloculare polyspermum sessile aut sud- 
sessile.-Suffrutices Australasici. Folia alterna smplicia 
sinuato-dentata aut integra. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Chorizema* Henchmanni; pubesccnti-hireutum, M*J**' 
natis acicularibus, racemis elougatis fohosis, calycibus 

villosissimis. „ r . „ D , r> an . * 

Chorizema Henchmanni. Br. MSS.-Lindl. Bat. Reg. t. 
986. Lodd. Bot. Cab. t. 1233. 

The plant from which our drawing is copwd of Chor 
zema Henchmanniis between four and five "J*** 
ed almost from the base to the extremity with »™» s _ 
branches, and every branch loaded with red ^b oss, oms hav 
ing a yellow eye/ in a similar manner to what is he.e 
represented. l/the red were ofa bngh r J.nJ. and the 
foliage more copious and less soiuuic, ^^ 

t 5 J>.,«Z- • *n named by Labillardikke 

* ^X^^dance^^,^^^^^^ a supp i y of 
from the pyous circumstance of his party lui y"» , , £ f New 

fresh water, when much tantaUzed by thirst on the sou ^"*""« ol 
Holland, at the tune of his finding the fust species of tin, beautitul Uenu 

most lovely of plants. The species is one of the late Mr. 
Baxter's numerous discoveries in the South-west coast of 
New Holland, and was named Henchmanni by Dr. Brown, 
in compliment to Francis Henchman, Esq., through whom 
it was introduced to the Clapton Nursery. In the green- 
house of the Glasgow Botanic Garden the plant blossoms 
in April and May, and the flowers continue in perfection a 
long time. 

Descr. An upright shrub, with numerous and downy 
branches. Leaves small, ternate, spreading, circular, dark 
green above and nearly glabrous, beneath paler, slightly 
hairy, the margins revolute. Flowers solitary, or two or 
three together from the axils of numerous leaves, so as to 
constitute, a dense elongated raceme. Pedicel shorter than 
the flower. Calyx very hairy, tubular, two-lipped, upper 
lip bifid ; under one trifid : — at the base of the calyx is a 
small subulate bractea on each side. Flowers brick-red. 
Standard orbiculari-reniform, with a yellow eye. Wings 
oblong, with a slight twist, the extremity bent down. 
Keel very acute. Stamens ten, free, filaments broader at 
the base, nearly of equal length. Germen elongated, silky : 
Style short : Stigma small, capitate. 

Fig. 1. Standard. 2. Flower from which the Standard is removed. 3. 
Calyx. 4. A wing. 5. The Keel. 6. Stamen. 7. Pistil -.—magnified. 

( 3608 ) 
Aporum anceps. Two-edged Aporum. 


Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — OrchidejE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala caniosa erecta, lateralibus majoribus obliquis cum 
basi producta columnae coimatis. Petala sepalo supremo 
minora. Labellum cum pede columnae articulatum, pos- 
ticum, indivisum v. trilobum : limbo cnstato calloso v. 
nudo. Columna semiteres, basi longe producta Anthera 
sessilis, bilocularis, nunc apice membranaceo. Pollinia*, 
perparia collateral.— Herbee epiphytes, caulescentes. b olia 
distkha, equitantia, ancipitia. Flores subsohtani, e paleis 
membranaceis erumpentes, sapius herbacei colons. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Aporum anceps ; foliis scalpelliformibus carnosis acutis, 
floribus solitariis geminisve, sepahs carnosis : laterali- 
bus ovatis patentibus supremo petalisque multo majo- 
ribus, labello postico unguiculato ecalloso inappendi- 
culato cuneato emarginato crenulato, cauhbus, com- 

pressis. Lindl. _ _._. „ . 

Aporum anceps. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. n. 2020. Gen. et 

Sp. Orchid, p. 71. oa 

Dendrobium anceps. Swartz, Act. Holm. 1800. p. <*> 

Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1239. Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 3. 
p. 738. 

A very remarkable plant : agreeing indeed with Dendro- 
bium in all that is essential, as concerns the fructification : 
but differing exceedingly, as Professor Lindley well ob- 
serves, in the distichous, equitant leaves. Its native coun- 
try, we learn from the same author, is the estuaries ot tne 

rivers of Bengal and Pegu., where it is found on the trunks 
of trees in swampy low situations ; and whence it was intro- 
duced by Dr. Wallich to the gardens of the Horticultural 
Society. In the Stove of the Glasgow Botanic Garden its 
blossoming season is the month of May. We have received 
fine specimens, also blossoming at the same season, from 
the Edinburgh Botanic Garden. 

Descr. Stems, several from the same root, six to eight 
inches long, pendulous on its native trees, compressed, 
jointed, leafy throughout the whole length. Leaves, ovato- 
lanceolate, compressed, fleshy, very acute, distichous, 
sheathing at the base. Flowers arising from the sheaths, 
solitary, having two bracteas at the base, at first greenish, 
then pale, almost lemon-yellow. Sepals three, combined 
from above the middle downwards with the back of the 
column, and running down into an obtuse spur ; the middle 
sepal much the smallest; two lateral petals, very small, ovate, 
close pressed against the calyx. Lip erect, articulated to 
the base of the column, cuneate, three-lobed ; middle lobe 
the largest, its apex reflexed and crisped at the margin. 

Fig. 1. Back view of a Flower. 2. Front view of ditto : — magnified. 


.„•<-<;■„ /'.,■.,,,, )/,/', 

( 3609 ) 

Lobelia erinoides. Erinus-like 


Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Lobeliace^:. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cor. tubo hinc fisso (raro integro) ; limbo 5-partito. 
Antherce connatae. Stigma bilobum (nunc indivisum). Cap- 
sula bilocularis (raro 3-loc.) apice supero bivalvi— Herba? 
vel Suffrutices, pleraque lactescentes. Folia alterna, Integra 
v. laciniata, raro fistulosa. Flores racemosi, terminates v. 
axillares, solitarii, pedicellis bibracteatis v. nudis. Antherae 
scepius barbatce. Br. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Lobelia erinoides; annua glabra, caulibus filiformibus sim- 
plicibus decumbetitibus flexuosis, folns dentatis radi- 
calibus inferioribus spathulatis petiolatis summis Imea- 
ribns integerrimis, floribus solitariis axillanbus tolio 
brevioribus, corollas tubo campanulato limbo obliquo 
subregulari lobis ovatis acutis patentibus. 

Lobelia erinoides. Linn. Mant. p. 291. Hort. Kew. ed. 
2. v. 1. p. 361. Ram. et Sch. Syst. Veget v. b.p 62 
Thunb.Fl. Cap. ed. 2. p. 180. Spreng. Syst. Veget. 
v. I. p. 715? ,., , 

Campanula wmor Afrinana Erini facie caulibus procumben- 

tibus. Herm. Ludg. 108. t. 109. 

A very pretty greenhouse annual, introduced from the 
Cape of Good Hope so long ago as the year 1759: but it 
was probably soon lost, and I do not recollect having myselt 
seen it any where except in the Glasgow Botanic Garden, 
where seeds were received from the Baron Ludwig in iwo. 

Our specimens displayed their small but most delicately- 
marked flowers in July and August. It is very likely that 
in England at least the species might be raised in the open 

Descr. Root annual (biennial in Hort. Kew.), throwing 
out, from its crown, several spreading, decumbent, flexuose, 
filiform, simple branches, three to four or five inches long. 
Leaves glabrous, most of them petiolate, those from the 
root (which are much the largest) and those from the lower 
part of the stem spathulate, toothed, upper ones linear, ses- 
iile, (or nearly so,) entire. Flowers from the axils of the 
upper leaves, and shorter than they, solitary, pedunculate. 
Calyx of five, erect, linear-subulate segments. Corolla 
purplish-white, with a campanulate, entire tube, the limb 
slightly oblique, with five spreading, ovate acute, nearly 
equal lobes : the mouth is beautifully and regularly marked 
with deep purple, and two yellow spots. Combined anthers 
bearing two white awns. Germen almost cylindrical, a 
little tapering below, and very obscurely downy. 

Fig. 1. Front view of a Flower. 2. Side view of ditto : — Magnified. 

( 3610 ) 

Anthericum glaucum. Glaucous-leaved 


Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — AsphodelejE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium sexpartitum patens deciduum. Filamenta 
receptaculo inserta, plerumque barbata. Stylus filiformis. 
Capsula subglobosa, 3-loc. 3-valv. valvis medio septifens. 
Semina pauca, angulata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Anthericum glaucum; radicibus tuberosis, foliis lineari- 
elongatis carinatis striatis subtus pracipue glauci*, 
floribus racemosis, pedicellis ternisnutantibus demum 
erectis, sepalis tribus interionbus majonbus marg natis 
marginibus undulatis, filamentis superne incrassatis. 

Antheri?um glaucum. Ruiz et Pav. Fl. Peruv. v_3j. 
68. Rem. et Sch. Syst. Veget.v. Vi^a^*' 
Syst. Veget. v. 2. p. 85. hod. Bot. Cab. t. 1580^ 

Phalangium |laucum. Poir. Enc. Suppl. v. 4. p. 380. 

An interesting South *»g^JJ^& 
known, plant in this country, tor tuoers o> v . , 

gow Botanic Garden is indebted to our ^™°£«l« 
friend, John Maclean, Esq., of Lima. The species in 
habits the vicinity of that city, and requires .the heat o 
the stove to bring it to perfection. It flowered in August 

and September. „ * cu— « mQn v nf 

Descr. The root consists of numerous fibre .many ot 

which bear oval, or oblong tubers: the top of the root is 

crowned with copious, rigid, erect fibres, the withered 

remains of old leaves, from which spring the recent ones ; 
these are one and two feet long, linear, tapering, flaccid, 
striated, keeled, glaucous beneath, but scarcely so above. 
Scape two to three feet high, simple or branched, rounded, 
glabrous, bracteated ; bracteas below somewhat leafy ; bear- 
ing a long raceme of rather large pure white flowers, mostly 
three together from each lanceolate bractea : but of these 
three, only one opens at a time, and that only for one day. 
Pedicels half an inch or more long, curved in flower, erect 
before and after. Sepals six, spreading, elliptical, the three 
outer the smallest, with a single broad rib ; three inner 
larger, with three nerves and a broad, waved margin. Sta- 
mens six : Filaments erecto-patent, remarkably thickened 
upwards : Anthers oblong, yellow. Germen oval : Style 
larger than the stamens, somewhat spindle-shaped : Stigma 
terminated with a minute pencil of hairs. 

Fig. 1. Flower from which the Perianth is removed: — Magnified. 


( 3611 ) 

Thermopsis fabacea. Bean-leaved 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Leguminos^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal oblongus campanulatusve, 4— 5 -fid us, subbilabiatus, 
postice convexus, basi attenuatus. Pet. b, subaequalia, 
vexilli lateribus reflexis, carina obtusa. Stamina persis- 
tentia. Legumen compressum, falcatum aut lineare, poly- 
spermum. — Herbae perennes, sericeo-villoste. Folia trifoh- 
ata. Stipulse ovalo-lanceolatce, foliacece. Racemi termi- 
nates, fioribus pedicellatis geminis aut subverticillatis flavis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Thermopsis * fabacea; foliis petiolatis foliolis lato-ovalibus, 
stipulis lato-ovatis obtusis petiolo brevionbus, racemo 
alternifloro. rT , 

Thermopsis fabacea. De Cand. Prodr. v. 2. p. 99. Hook. 
FL Bor. Am. v. 1. p. 128. Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1872. 

Thermopsis rhombifolia. Rich, in Frankl. \st Journ.App. 
ed. 2. p. 13. De Cand. Prodr. v. 2. p. 99. Hook. 
FL Bor. Am. v. I. p. 128. t. 47. 

Thermia rhombifolia. Nutt. Gen. v. I. p. 283. 

Cytisus rhombifolius. Pursh, FL Am. v. %-P' 7 * 1 ' 

Sophora fabacea. Pall. Astrag.p. 122. t. 90. J. d. 

I think there can be little doubt of the correctness of the 
above synonyms. Now that I have seen the living plant 

* From ©.fl**, a Lupine, and 4*, a resemblance : from the affinity of the 
species of the Genus, with those of the Lupine. 

I have no hesitation in referring to it the Thermopsis rhom- 
bifolia of Dr. Richardson. Thus it appears to have a very 
extended range, being found in the North-eastern parts of 
Asia, and in North America on both sides of the Rocky 
Mountains, but no where, as it appears, on the East side of 
that vast continent. It was introduced to this country 
through the Horticultural Society, having been sent by Mr. 
Douglas from dry channels of mountain torrents, in the 
vallies of the Cordillera near the Columbia river. It is cul- 
tivated in the greenhouse of the Glasgow Botanic Garden, 
where it flowers in May : but Dr. Lindley speaks of it 
as a good herbaceous plant, readily increased by the divi- 
sion of its creeping roots : and it will probably prove quite 
a hardy plant. 

Descr. Stem herbaceous, erect, simple, or branched only 
upwards, somewhat angular, quite glabrous below. Leaves 
trifoliate, petiolate : leaflets obovate, approaching to rhom- 
boid, distinctly veined, glabrous above, slightly downy be- 
neath. Stipules very large, foliaceous, nearly ovate, often 
as long as the petiole, and nearly as large as the leaflets of 
the leaf. Raceme erect, terminal, stalked, of several rather 
bright, yellow, alternate powers, about the size of those of 
the Laburnum. Pedicels short, subtended by an oblongo- 
oyate bractea. Calyx ovate, two-lipped, upper lip erect, 
bidentate, lower trihd, reflexed : Vexillum shorter than the 
rest of the petals, having a deep carina, spotted within, 
the sides reflexed. Alee standing forward, oval, covering 
the carina which is nearly of the same shape and very ob- 
tuse. Stamens ten, free, subulate, nearly equal in length. 
hermen linear, very silky : Style short, curved upwards : 
Sttgma minute. 

»&• l Vr Ca1 ^ , 2l Ve xillum. 3. Ate. 4. Carina. 6. Stamens. 7. 
Pistil -.—Magnified. 


( 3612 ) 

Gesneria Douglasii ; j3. verticillata. Mr. 
Douglas* Gesneria ; whorled var. 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — GesneriejE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-partitus (plerumque germini adnatus). Corolla 
tubuloso-campanulata, limbo bilabiato ; labio superiore bi- 
inferiore trifido. Stigma bilobum. Capsula bilocularis, 2- 
valvis, placentis parietalibus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Gesneria Douglasii; herbacea, radice tuberosa, foliis in 
medio caulis verticillatis ovatis crenatis, cyma termi- 
nali umbellata pedunculata, corollas limbo subaequali, 
glandulis duabus superioribus dilatatis, inferioribus 

Gesneria Douglasii. Lindl. in Hort. Trans, v. 7. ejusd. in 
Bot. Reg t. 1110. 

Gesneria verticillata. Hook. Bot. Mag. t. 2776. 

(0.) verticillata ; pedunculis subsimplicibus densissime ver- 
ticillatis. (Tab. nostr. 3612.) 

Our former figure of this plant, under the name of Ges- 
neria verticillata, from the first plant that flowered with us, 
gave no idea of the beauty of this plant : but the present 
variety exhibits it in the highest degree of perfection. The 
tubers were imported by Mr. Allcard from Rio, and the 
noble specimen here exhibited blossomed in that gentle- 
man's collection in April, 1836. In Professor Lindley's 
plant the inflorescence is a decided panicle. In ours, the 
peduncles, generally simple, are arranged in dense whorls, 
many of them quite simple, the others very slightly branch- 
ed, and only near the base. The flowers too are larger than 
in that figure, and more inclining to a purple tint. 

vol. XI. M 


( 3613 ) 
Maxillaria pumila. Dwarf Maxillaria. 


Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchideje. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium connivens raro patens. Sepala lateralia cum 
basi producta columnar connata. Petala subconformia. 
Labellum trilobum, cucullatum, sessile, cum basi producta 
columnar articulatum. Columna semiteres, aptera. Anthera 
subbilocularis. Pollinia 2, bipartibilia v. integra, caudi- 
cula brevi, glandula transversa.— Epiphyte (Americana) 
pseudo-bulbosce, acaules v. caulescentes. Folia phcata v. 
coriacea. Pedunculi radicates, axillares v. terminates, uni- 
v. multiflori. Lindl. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Maxillaria pumila ; nana, caulibus brevibus squamosis 
pseudo-bulbiferis, bulbis aggregate oblongis sulcata, 
folio solitario lanceolato, pedunculis pseudo-bulbo 
brevioribus unifloris, petalis sepalisque erectis oblon- 
gis obtusis, labello erecto oblongo obscure trilobo 
disco calloso, lobo terminali bifido. 

Sent from Demerara to the Glasgow Botanic Garden by 
Mr. Inverarity, to whom we are indebted for many other 
choice Orchideous plants. It is the smallest of the species 
with which I am acquainted. It flowers in April and May. 

Descr. Stems short, not exceeding two or three inches, 
bearing many aggregated, small, pseudo-bulbs, halt to three 
quarters of an inch long, which are oblong, deeply furrow- 
ed, and partially clothed with brown, sheathing scales. 
Leaf solitary, terminal, an inch, scarcely more m length. 
Peduncle arising from the scales at the base of the bulb, 
° shorter 

shorter than the bulb, bearing a solitary, small, dark pur- 
ple flower. Sepals and petals erect, nearly equal, oblong, 
obtuse. Lip erect, oblong, obscurely three-lobed, the 
middle lobe very blunt, emarginate, spreading : at the 
middle of the upper side is a callous disc. Column curved. 
Anther-case hemispherical. Pollen-masses four, on a nearly 
sessile gland. 

Fig. 1. Portion of a Plant with Flower. 2. Petals, Column, and Lip. 
3. Lip. 4. 4. Anther-case. 5. 6. Pollen-masses : — magnified. 


( 3614 ) 

Maxillaria Henchmanni. Mr. Hench- 
man's Maxillaria. 


Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium connivens, raro patens. Sepala lateralia 
cum basi producta columnae connata. Petala subconformia. 
Labellum trilobum, cucullatum, sessile, cum basi producta 
columnae articulatum. Columna semiteres, aptera. Anthera 
subbilocularis. Pollinia % bipartibilia v. Integra, caudi- 
cula brevi, glandula transversa.— Epiphytae (Americana) 
pseudo-bulbosce, acaules v. caulescentes. Folia phcata v. 
coriacea. Pedunculi radicates, axillares v. terminates, uni- 
v, multiflori. Lindl. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Maxillaria Henchmanni; pusilla, caulibus elongatis squa- 
mosis pseudo-bulbiferis, pseudo-bulbis ovali-oblongis 
compressis hevibus, folio solitario linean-ligulato pe- 
dunculis unifloris pseudo-bulbo longionbus, petalis 
sepalisque erectis oblongis acutis, abello erecto ob- 
longo obscure trilobo, lobo terminali integernmo. 

Obligingly communicated by Mr. Henchman, from the 
ClaptoS Nursery. It was by that gentleman imported 
from Mexico, and I am anxious this very pretty species 
should bear the name of one who has distinguished himself 
by collecting, in climates the most inimical to the human 
constitution and introducing to our collections, so many 
fine species of this favorite family. It is certainly allied to, 
though quite distinct from, our preceding species, M. pumila 

It is four times the size of that individual, with more copi- 
ous,, paler-coloured scales on the stems and pseudo-bulbs, 
these latter are broader in proportion to their length, more 
compressed and even (not furrowed on the surface) ; the 
leaf is much longer and more ligulate ; the peduncle exceeds 
the bulb in length j the petals and sepals are acute, and 
the apex of the lip is not bifid. 

Fig. 1. Flower, from which the two lateral sepals are removed. 2. Lip. 
3.3. Anther case. 4.4. Pollen-masses: — magnified. 


( 3615 ) 

Stenomesson croceum. Orange-flowered 


Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. AmARYLLIDEjE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Tubus sub-rectus medio constrictus superne ventricosus, 
limbus brevis regularis, corona brevis. Filamenta recta an- 
ther* incumbentes; Capsula late ovata, tnsulca, trivalvis, 
basi valde ampliata.— Folia lanceolata margine compresso; 
bulbus subrotundus. Herb. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Stenomesson croceum; folio solitario lanceolate basi atten- 
uate, umbella sub-septemrWa flonbus ™tantibus 
aurantiacis, perianthio recto infundibuliforrni campanii- 
lato segmentis erecto-patentibus, staminibus exsertis. 

Stenomesson* croceum. Bombey in Herb. Linn. Soc. 
Herbert, Amaryl. p. 199. 

Pancratium croceum. Redoute's Lihac. *.!»/. 

Of this charming lively-flowered plant ^we bad many spe- 
cimens flowering in the stove of the Beanie Garden f^m 
bulbs sent by our obliging friend J M'Lean, Esq of . Luna. 
I was disposed to refer it to the Pancratium coccineum of 
Ruiz and Pavon : but Mr. Herbert, whose opinion is 
invaluable in this family, refers it to his S. croceum above 
quoted, copied from Dombey's original spec men . wtach it 
indeed resembles : and this excellent and laborious author 

* I presume from rr.«< narrow, and -j^, or ^, the middle : from the 
contraction in the flower below the middle. 

is satisfied that Redoute's plant is the same as that of 
Dombey. But in the ovate, or almost oblong bulb, in 
the several linear leaves, springing from the top of 'the 
old bulb, in the shape of the flower, and especially its 
dingy saffron-colour, there appears to me to be very strik- 
ing differences between Redoute's species and our's. It 
is to be observed, however, that the French author has not 
made his figure from the living plant, nor from the plant at 
all ; but, as he has acknowledged, copied it from the col- 
lection of vellum drawings in the Museum of the Jardin des 
rlantes at Paris. 

Descr. Old Bulb globose, leafless : in some of our 
plants, a young bulb springs from the side of the old one, 
terminated by a single, lanceolate leaf, tapering below into 
a petiole the margin slightly reflexed. Scape from the 
top ot the old bulb, a foot and more high, terete, bear- 
ing an umbel of about seven flowers. Spatha of two mem- 
branous, lanceolate leaves. Perianth of a bright, reddish 
orange colour, nearly two inches long; for one-third of its 
length at the base cylindrical, narrow, then gradually 
widening into a cylindraceo-campanulate limb . hernia six, 
ovate, erecto-patent. Stamens six, alternating with as 
many linear-oblong nectaries, which are situated at the 
mouth ot the tube. Stamens and style much exserted. 
brermen oval. J 

dijhu/^" 11 "^ '° SkW ' he Slamens ' St ? le ' and Nectaries:- 

Pui ty ./'. Curtis Ciaz 

( 3616 ) 

Poly gala myrtlfolia : var. grandiflora. Myrtle- 
leaved Milk-wort : large-flowered var. 

Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Polygale^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calycis sepala persistentia, 2 interiora alaeformia. Petala 
3 — 5, tubo stamineo connexa., inferiore carinaeformi (forsan 
e duobus coalitis constante). Capsula compressa, elliptica, 
obovata aut obcordata. Semina pubescentia, hilo caruncu- 
lata, coma destituta. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Polygala myrtifolia; foliis obovatis oblongisve submu- 

cronatis., ramulis pubescentibus, bracteis persistentibus 

aequalibus, pedicellis flore brevioribus. 
Polygala myrtifolia. Linn. Am. v. 2. p. 138. Ait. Hort. 

Kew. ed. 2. v. 4. p. 244. Ker, Bot. Reg. t. 669. De 

Cand. Prodr. v. I. p. 322. Spreng. Syst. Veg. v. 3. 

p. 163. 
Polygala fruteseens, foliis oblongis glabris, flore purpureo. 

Burm. Afr. p. 200. t. 73. f. 1. 
(0.) grandiflora ; floribus majoribus magisque coloratis. 

(Tab. nostr. 3616.) 
Polygala grandiflora. Lodd. Bot. Cab. t. 1227. Ekl. et 

Zeyh. Enum. PL Afr. Austr. Extralrop. p. 19. 

The Glasgow Botanic Garden is indebted for the posses- 
sion of this handsome shrub to the Royal Gardens of Kew,, 
where it was received from Southern Africa. It came under 
the name of P. grandiflora, and is first published as a spe- 
cies distinct from myrtifolia by Mr. Loddiges in the place 
above quoted. The species is retained by Ecrlon and 


Zeyher, who have made no remark upon it ; and Mr. Lod- 
diges only observes, that it is "allied to myrtifolia, but 
that its flowers are far more beautiful." This is, indeed, 
quite correct ; but since after the most careful examination 
I find no other point of distinction, I venture here to de- 
scribe it as a slight variety of P. myrtifolia. It bears its 
lovely blossoms in April and May, and they continue a long 
time m perfection, nestled among the yellow-green leaves 
of the young shoots, at the apex of the branches. 

Descr. A much-branched shrub, four to six feet high, 
the young branches downy. Leaves on very short petioles, 
oblong, or oblongo-ovate, glabrous, except in the young 
eaves, and somewhat mucronate, of a rather thin, some- 
what membranaceous texture. Flowers in short racemes, 
which are terminal, but appear lateral from the proliferous 
shoots. Pedicels shorter than the flowers, each with three 
bracteas at the base. Three outer calycine leaves green, 
ovate, mucronate, membranous at the margin : two inner, 
or alae, very large, obliquely and broadly ovate, mucro- 
nate rich purple, veiny: keel large, veiny, pale, with a deep 
black-purple blotch at the extremity, a very conspicuous 
crest below the apex, and two bifid auricles at the base 
above. Filaments diadelphous 

Fig. 1. Keel. 2. Stamens. 3. Pistil -.—magnified. 

C 3617 ) 
Chysis aurea. Golden-flowered Chysis. 


Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala paulo connate, patula ; lateralia pedi producto 
columnar adnata et calcar simulantia. Petala sepalis con- 
formia. Labellum trilobum, patulum, venis basi callosis. 
Columna marginata, canaliculata, mutica. Anther a subro- 
tunda, opercularis, glabra. Pollinia 8, in laminam luteam 
semifusa, quatuor exterioribus tenuibus quatuor interiora 
crassiora abscondentibus. Rostellum laminatum, con- 
vexum. — Herbffi epiphytce, occidentals, ab arboribus pen- 
alities ; caulibus Cyrtopodii depauperatis,foliis nervosis basi 
vaginantibus; racemis lateralibus multifioris. LindL 

Specific Name and Synonyrn. 
Chysis * aurea. Lindley Bot. Reg. t. 1937. 

An Orchideous plant of great beauty, discovered by Mr. 
Henchman in 1834, in the valley of Cumancoa, in Vene- 
zuela, and introduced by him to the collection of Messrs. 
Low of the Clapton Nursery, to whom the Glasgow Garden 
is indebted for the possession of the plant. It blossomed in 
the stove in May, 1837, in great perfection. Its mode of 
growth is singular; for the old stems are constantly pen- 
dent, the extremities and young shoots alone curved up- 
wards, characters not easily exhibited in so small a figure 

as the annexed one. 


* Xwk, a melting : the pollen-masses of this plant being, as it were, 
fused together. Lindley. 

Descr. Sterna long, pendent, branched ; the branches 
clavate, some leafless, others with a tuft of foliage from the 
extremity of the young shoots, which curve upwards 
Leaves broadly lanceolate, membranous, recurved, striated 
Raceme from one of the leafy scales which clothe the lower 
part of the young branches, pendent, many- flowered 
bepals and petals ovate, moderately spreading, white at the 
base, the rest yellow, the two petals with deeper yellow 
spots within. Lip white, mottled with yellow, and with 
red streaks recurved, three-lobed, the two lateral lobes 
incurved the terminal one roundish, crisped : at the base 
are five elevated, velvety, yellow lines, sprinkled with red 
dots. Column short, white, yellow dotted with red within: 
above the stigma is a white, projecting lip, on the base of 
which lies a part of the pollen, which is extremely curious, 
and better understood by the figure, than by the description. 
Professor Lindley, the learned author of the Genus, con- 
siders it as equivalent to eight pollen -masses, of which 
the straps of connection, such as exist in all Epidendre^, 
ZJl f f h r u m tW ° P lates ' from an expansion of the 
hiTspttat obliqT 68 ^^ t0 *** " Jnther ~ CaSe 

flnhtf- 2 C ° lumn - 3 - U PP er P«t of the Column. 4." Pollen: 

all magnified. 


C 3618 ) 

Philibertia grandiflora. Large-flow- 
ered Philibertia. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Digynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Asclepiade-e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-partitus. Corolla urceolato-rotata, sinuato-quin- 
queloba, lobis acutis denticulis interjectis ; tubus brevis, 
mediante toro carnoso apice quandoque annuliformi et un- 
dulato gynostegii (columnaB stamineae, Br.,) basi adnatus. 
Corona staminea simplex, 5-phylla : foliolis carnosis sum- 
mo gynostegio insertis, integris. Anthera membrana ter- 
minate. Massce pollinis clavato-cylindraceae, ad apicem 
fere affixae. Stigma brevissimum v. breviter rostratum 
apice biapiculatum. — Frutices volubiles. Folia opposita 
basi cordata. Umbellae interpetiolares. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Philibertia* grandiflora; ubique molliter pubescens, co- 
rolla rotato-campanulata, coronas stamineae foliolis 
rotundato-gibbosis rostratis vertice depressis, stigmate 

An extremely handsome Asclepiadeous plant, of which 
seeds were sent by Mr. Tweedie from Buenos Ayres to Mr. 
Murray of the Glasgow Botanic Garden, and to Mr. Niven, 
at Glasnevin Gardens, Dublin ; in both which establish- 
ments they flowered in the summer of 1837. The plant is 
a native of Tucuman, and will probably succeed well in a 

good greenhouse. 


* Thus named in honor of J. C. Philibekt, who published an elemen- 
tary work on Botany. 

Descr. Plant very soft with fine down, twining. Leaves 
opposite, cordato-acuminate, with a deep and acute sinus, 
longer than the petioles. Peduncles axillary, bearing um- 
bels of large, handsome, downy Jlowers. Calyx in five deep, 
acuminated segments. Corolla more than an inch across, 
between rotate and campanulate, with five triangular seg- 
ments, and a small tooth beween them, cream-coloured, 
prettily dotted and streaked with purple within. Column 
of fructification short. Leaflets of the staminal crown large, 
ovato-globose, gibbose, fleshy, pale-green, the apex ob- 
liquely beaked, depressed on the top. Style short : Stigma 

Fig. 1. Column of Fructification. 2. The same with the leaflet removed : 

/ / c-.y 

( 3619 ) 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Byttneriace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-partitus, persistens, involucello 3-phylIo unila- 
terali cinctus. Petala 5. Stamina 15 — 20, filamentis vix (?) 
basi eoalitis, 3 sterilia, 2 — 3 fertilia inter quodque ste- 
rilia (?). Stylus 1, apice in stigmata 5 subreflexa fissus. 
Carpella 5 bivalvia, 1 — polysperma in capsulam arete con- 
nexa. Cotyledones contortuplicatae bifida?. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Dombeya* cannabina; foliis cordatis integris trilobisve serra- 
tis, pedunculis pendulis, floribus corymbosis, ealycibns 
5-fidis tomentosis bibracteatis, columna staminea lon- 

Dombeya cannabina. Hels. et Boj. in Herb, nostr. 

This fine plant, which has so completely the habit of an 
AstrapjEa, that one can hardly think it ought to be sepa- 
rated generically, was sent many years ago to the Glas- 
gow Botanic Garden from the Mauritius, by the late Charles 
Telfair, Esq. It is, however, not a native of that island, 
but of the provinces of Emirena and Be-tani-mena in Mada- 
gascar, whence I possess native specimens, gathered by 
Messrs. Helsinger and Bojer, and communicated by them 
under the name which I have adopted. Whether it be 
referred to Astrapjsa or Dombeya, the generic character 


* Named in honour of Joseph Dombey, an eminent South American 
Traveller and Naturalist. 


will equally require modification. It has the less spread- 
ing petals and the long staminal tube of Astrap^ea, but the 
inflorescence, and the absence of involucre of Dombeya : 
in the constantly bibracteated and quinquefid, not five- 
leaved calyx, it differs from both : but I can hardly think 
these characters of sufficient importance to constitute a 
distinct Genus : — on the other hand, I would rather be 
inclined to the original opinion of Dr. Wallich, that 
Astrap^a might safely be referred to Dombeya. The 
fruit, however, both of that plant and of the present, is still 
a desideratum. Our plant flowered with us for the first 
time in March, 1837. 

Descr. Stem almost arboreous, of rapid growth, with 
moderately spreading branches. Leaves on long petioles, 
cordate, and generally three-lobed, serrated, very slightly 
downy beneath. Stipules rather large, ovato- lanceolate, 
deciduous. Peduncle axillary, six to eight or ten inches 
long, pendulous, and, as well as the pedicels, bracteated. 
Corymb of many closely-placed flowers, yielding a rather 
disagreeable and peculiar odour. Calyx very pale greenish- 
white, downy, five-cleft ; segments erect, oblong. At the 
base of the calyx, on one side, are two oblong, spathulate 
bracteas, as long as the flower. Corolla (filled with a honey- 
like juice) of five imbricated, convolute, nearly erect petals, 
\ a ' obcordate - Staminal tube twice or thrice as long as 
the flower, white with a tinge of red : Anthers about fifteen, 
two-celled, within which are a few abortive ones. Germen 
nearly globose, covered with dense, white, silky hairs: 
Style longer than the stamens : Stigma five-cleft. 

Fig. 1. Flower with its Bracteas. 2. Pistil -.—magnified. 


/v/ i v Si 

( 3620 ) 



Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Chenopode^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium 6 — 8-phyllum, basi bibracteatum. Stam. 6 
sepalis opposita. Ovarium ellipticum. Stylus filiformis 
basi incrassatus. Stigmata 3, clavaeformia. " Fructus 
subrotundus, lenticulari-compressus, membranaceus, mo- 
nospermus, indehiscens, stylo persistente coronatus. Semen 
reniforme, laeve, sessile. Embryo curvatus." — Frutex volu- 
bilis. Folia alterna, integerrima, exstipulata, carnosa. Flo- 
res racemosi, fragrantes. Radix tuberosa. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Boussingaultia* baselloides. Humb. et Kunth, Nov. Gen. v. 
7. p. 196. t. 645 bis. Spreng. Syst. Veget. cur. post. p. 

I cannot doubt this being the Boussingaultia of Hum- 
boldt and Kunth, although the description of those authors 
is somewhat at variance with our plant ; not more so, how- 
ever, than may be accounted for on the supposition that 
their description was made from a dried individual. I have 
received specimens from various parts of South Ameri- 
ca ; but its native country appears to be near Loxa, in 
the Quitinian Andes. It is indeed a most desirable stove 
plant, growing- rapidly, and bearing copious and graceful 


* Named in honor of J. B. Boussingault, a celebrated Naturalist and 
South American Traveller. 

racemes of flowers, which are deliriously fragrant. Mr. 
Tweedie introduced it to our gardens from Buenos Ayres, 
and we have specimens both from the Glasgow and Glas- 
nevin Botanic Gardens. Mr. Niven observes that the 
quantity of mucilage contained in the root is quite remark- 
able, and the bulk of roots produced altogether astonishing. 
He has one root of not less than four pounds weight. At 
Glasnevin, indeed, it has stood the winter in the open air at 
the bottom of a wall. 

Descr. Root formed of oblong, fleshy, knotted, and in 
the younger state, somewhat scaly tubers, frequently of a 
large size, bearing a few fibres, and throwing up from one 
extremity a rounded, and branched stem, which twines from 
left to right, and is quite glabrous, (as is the whole plant,) 
somewhat woody at the base, the rest herbaceous and green. 
Leaves fleshy, alternate, jointed as it were upon the stem, 
cordate, acute, from an inch and a half to four and five 
inches long, on the lower part of the stem, penninerved, 
quite entire : petiole about an inch long, compressed, broad 
upwards. Stipules none. Racemes axillary, pendent, three 
to five inches long, bearing many greenish-white, deliciously 
fragrant flowers. Pedicels with a small, subulate bractea 
at the base, and at the top are two small, ovate ones, closely 
pressed to the base of the perianth. Perianth single, thin, 
and membranaceous, deeply cut into six oval, soon becom- 
ing reflexed sepals, of which three are more external : often 
there is one or two (and these opposite) large scales or sepals 
on the outside of these, in form, colour, and texture resem- 
bling the segments of the perianth. Stamens six, inserted 
at the base of the segments and opposite to them. Fila- 
ments subulate, spreading : Anther fixed by the back, short- 
ly-oblong, opening by two clefts. Germen superior, ovate, 
white, abortive : Style shorter than the filament : Stigmas 
three, clavate, white, furrowed at the back. The fruit has 
never been perfected in this country. 

Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Pistil -.—magnified. 




( 3621 ) 

Philodendron crassinervium. Thick- 
ribbed Philodendron. 

Class and Order. 
Moncecia Tetrandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Aroide,e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Spatha tota persistens, post florescentiam reclusa. Spadix 
dense obsitus, appendice cereus. Antherce singuli floris 
liberae. Ovarium multi (5— 15>loculare, loculis pluriovu- 
latis, ovulis axi affix is erectis. — Plantae Americana tropica, 
succo decolori, rhizomate in caulem elongatum scandentem 
v. arborescentem mutato, foliis remotis, vaginis petiolaribus 
brevissimis stipularibus elongatis deciduis folio oppositis. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Philodendron* crassinervium; foliis lanceolatis acuminatis 
costa crassissima inflata, spatha obtusa cucullata api- 
culata spadicis longitudine. LindL 

Philodendron crassinervium. LindL in Bot. Reg. t. 1958. 

A singular climbing Aroideous plant, which would have 
been considered a Pothos of former Botanists, a Genus now 
appropriately separated into many others by Schott ot 
Vienna. Our flowering specimen was sent from the Edin- 
burgh Botanic Garden, by Dr. Graham, in May, j p 7 - 

Descr. Stem running to a considerable length thick, 

rounded, fleshy, glabrous, as is every part of the plant : at 

' J ° intervals 

* **„,, to love, **«, atree; from the circumstance of the species attach- 
ing themselves to trees in the tropical forests. 

intervals throwing out roots from below, and there produc- 
ing a large, brown, amplexicaul scale opposite to the inser- 
tion of a leaf. Leaf one to two feet long, broadly lanceo- 
late, coriaceous, petiolated, acute, margined with red, above 
deep green, beneath pale : the costa exceedingly thick and 
inflated ; from each side of the costa arise numerous parallel 
nerves : petiole three to four inches long, rounded, purplish 
green, having a sheath within at the base, from which the 
spatha arises. Peduncle shorter and thicker than the pe- 
tiole, pale green spotted with purple. Spatha somewhat 
cylindrical, cucullate, acute, contracted in the middle, pale 
yellow-green spotted with red, thick and fleshy, bright red 
within at the base. Spadix cylindrical, as long as the spa- 
tha, densely covered in the lower part with pistils ; the rest 
with stamens, those at the base abortive. Germen subglo- 
bose : Stigma large, depressed, wrinkled, sessile. Stamens 
peltate, angled, bearing the linear cells on the sides. 

Fig. 1. Spadix removed from the Spatha ; nat. size. 2. Stamen. 3. Pis- 
til : — magnified. 

A •■>-; 


( 3622 ) 

dodecatheon integrifolium. entire- 
leaved American Cowslip. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Primulace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-partitus, laciniis reflexis. Corolla 5-partita, la- 
ciniis limbi reflexis. Stamina filamenta brevissima, Iatius- 
cula, tubo insidentia. Antherce sagittatae in rostrum con- 
niventes. Stylus staminibus longior, simplex. Capsula 
apice dehiscens dentibus 5. Spr. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Dodecatheon* integrifolium ; foliis spathulatis integerri- 
mis, umbellis plurifloris, pedimculis divaricatis, brac- 
teis ovatis, filamentis elongatis in tubum connatis. 

Dodecatheon integrifolium. Mich. Ft. Am. v. 1. p. 123. 
Pursh, Fl. Am. v. 1. p. 136. Roem. et Sch. Syst. Veget. 
v. 4. p. 132. Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. I. p. 673. Rich- 
ards, in FrankL Journ. ed. 2. App. p. 6. 

A very distinct and beautiful species of a very small 
Genus, first described by Michaux from plants found by 


* This Name is said to have been conferred by V™*™"™ **? 
other, which he considered to display m itself the majesty of all the D mn - 
ties Of these it is well known that the Romans enumerated twelve princi- 
ties. vt tnese u is wen K1 £ Th Dodecatheon of modern authors 

pal ones; six male and six female, ine uou^inr^ aTm i: p j ,, n 

L, however, nothing to d c , w*h *e « , mduaUo *^™ .'v^ - 

fan?e i a n d Eon°to'the nu^ofThetwers, frequent* twelve, whteh « 
bears in each head. 

him in the Alleghany Mountains, since found abundantly by 
Dr. Richardson in the woody country of British North 
America as far as Carlton House Port, and by Mr. Drum- 
mond in the Rocky Mountains. The latter Naturalist sent 
seeds to this country, from which plants were raised at the 
Edinburgh and Glasgow Botanic Gardens. Another en- 
tire-leaved species with sessile anthers, was found by Dr. 
Richardson on the Arctic shores, and by other Naturalists 
in North-West America : this is the D. frigidum of Cham. 
and Schlecht. in the Linnaea : and we possess another and a 
new species of the Genus in Mr. Douglas' last collections 
in the interior of North-West America. 

Descr. Root perennial, throwing up a tuft of rather pale 
green, spathulate, quite entire leaves. Scape eight to ten 
inches high, glabrous, rounded, terminated by an umbel of 
from eight to ten or twelve handsome flowers. Peduncles 
spreading, surrounded by an involucre of five to seven ovate 
bracteas, and several smaller bracteas within. Flowers 
drooping. Calyx of five, spreading, ovate, acute segments. 
Corolla rotate, soon reflexed, the short tube white with a 
yellow ring; the limb reflexed. Filaments much exserted, 
and united into a yellow, fleshy tube, almost as long as the 
anthers : Anthers meeting in a cone, lanceolato-subulate, 
greenish-yellow, purple on the back. Germen globose : 
Style filiform, longer than the stamens : Stigma capitate. 

Fig. 1. Upper part of the Scape with its Bracteas. 2. Calyx and Pistil. 
3. Staminal Tube laid open : — magnified. 

( 3623 ) 

Papaver Gariepinum. South-African 



Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Papaverace^;. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala 2 convexa, decidua. Petala 4. Stamina nurae- 
rosa. Stylus o. Stigmata 4—20, radiantia, sessilia super 
discum ovarium coronantem. Capsula obovata, 1-locula- 
ris, e carpellis 4 — 20 in thalami productione membranacea 
inclusis constans, sub stigmatum corona valvulis brevibus 
dehiscens. Placenta intervalvulares, intus in dissepimenta 
incompleta productae. — Herbal perennes succo albo fcetce. 
Pedunculi ante jlorescentiam apice inflexi. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Papaver Gariepinum; capsulis glabris obovato-oblongis, 
sepalis setosis, caule multifloro setis innumeris hor- 
rido, foliis sessilibus hispidis sinuato-pinnatifidis, lobis 
distantibus ovatis. 

Papaver Gariepinum. Burchell, Afric. Trav. v.l.p. 318. 
De Cand. Prodr. v.l.p.l 19. Spreng. Syst. Veg. v. 2. 
p. 570. 

When Mr. Burchell reached the river Gariep in South- 
ern Africa, in lat. 29° 40' 52" S., he says, in his valuable 
Travels, " Along the bank I found a Poppy four teet in 
height, with a showy bright-red flower, like that of our 
common English Corn Poppy ; an interesting and unex- 
pected discovery, in these southern latitudes, of a Genus so 
decidedly northern." Our figure represents this species, 
which was raised by Mr. Murray in the Glasgow Botanic 
Garden, from seeds sent by Baron Ludwig. It is remark- 

able for the strong, spreading bristles, varying in size, in- 
deed, but most of them very large, with which almost every 
part of the plant is clothed. There is, however, an Austra- 
lian species, which seemed very nearly allied to this, the P. 
horridum of De Candolle : whether distinct or not I am 
unable to say. 

Our plant flowered under a frame the latter end of May 
and beginning of June. Placed in the open border it 
seemed very susceptible of our (in this year, 1836) unusually 
cold and fickle summer. 

Descr. Root annual, or perhaps biennial. Stem erect, 
a foot and a half to two feet high, rounded, branched, 
clothed, as is every part of the plant, except the flowers) 
with copious, spreading, and very harsh bristles, unequal 
indeed, in size, but most of them verv large. Leaves ob- 
long-lanceolate ; those of the root and lower part of the 
stem somewhat petiolate, pinnatifid, the segments distant, 
oblong-ovate, the margin every where toothed, the teeth 
bristle-pointed ; upper leaves sessile, iuciso-serrate, gradu- 
ally smaller. Flowers scarcely two inches across, on hispid 
peduncles, which are somewhat panicled. Sepals two, oval, 
concave, hispid. Petals obovato-rotundate, somewhat 
clawed, very obtuse, wavy, pale brick -colour approaching 
to orange. Stamens numerous. Germen oblong, a little 
thickened upwards, slightly furrowed and torulose, quite 
glabrous. Stigma conico-depressed, of few rays. Capsule 
of the same shape with the germen, opening by large aper- 
tures beneath the stigma. 

Fig. 1. Capsule, nat. size. 2. The same, magnified. 


( 3624 ) 

Dracophyllum capitatum. Round-headed 


Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Epacride^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx bi- v. ebracteatus. Corolla tubulosa, limbo 5- 
partito patenti, imberbi. Stamina epipetala v. hypogyna. 
Squamulce 5 hypogynse. Capsula placentis ab apice co- 
lumns centralis pendulis solutis. — Frutices v. Arbusculae, 
ramis dum denudatis annulatis. Spicae v. racemi termi- 
nates ; illce simplices, hi quandoque compositi. Br. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Dracophyllum* capitatum; ramis floriferis spica ovata 
multoties longioribus, foliis caulinis ensiformi-lanceo- 
latis erectiusculis, rameis adpressis. 

Dracophyllum capitatum. Br. Prodr. Fl. Nov. Roll. p. 
557. Spreng. Syst. Veget. v.l.p. 629. 

A very pretty New Holland Plant, which has for some 
years annually produced its white heads of flowers in the 
greenhouse of the Glasgow Botanic Garden, in the summer 

months. ■-.._■ 

Descr. A shrub about a foot and'a half high, with erect, 
twiggy branches. Leaves ensiformi- lanceolate, pungent, 
dark green, tipped with red and somewhat spreading on the 
stem ; paler coloured, smaller, and close-pressed upon the 


* fyweo?, draco, and qmm, a leaf; from the resemblance of the leaves to 
those of DracjENA Draco. 

branches. Flowers in terminal heads, pure white, very 
delicate. Bracteas two at the base of the calyx. Corolla 
salver-shaped, the limb of five spreading, very obtuse, obo- 
vate segments : the mouth contracted. Stamens from the 
tube of the corolla, included : Anthers reddish-purple : 
pollen and filaments white. Germen globose, green, with 
five hypogynous glands. Style thickened upwards, shorter 
than the corolla. Stigma obtuse. 

Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Pistil and hypogynous Glands. 3. Stamens 


( 3625 ) 

Chrysocoma squamata. Scaly-stalked 


Class and Order. 
Syngenesia JEqvaus. 

( Nat. Ord. — Composite. ) 

Generic Character. 

Capitulum multiflorum homogamum : flosculi tubulosi. 
Pappus pilosus, uniserialis. Achenium erostre plano-com- 
pressum. — Fruticuli vel herbacei ; foliis linearibus, sparsis, 
integris ; capitulis terminalibus solitariis, lute is ; involucris 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Chrysocoma* squamata; pubescens, ramis elongatis gra- 
cilibus, foliis lineari - oblongis acutis subtus niveo- 
tomentosis, summis squamae forini bus, iuvolucn squa- 
mis acutis scariosis. 

Chrysocoma squamata. Labill. Nov. Holl. V.2. p. 40. t. 
]84. All. Cunn. in Field's N. S. If ales, p. 359. Spreng. 
Syst. Veget. v. 3. p. 425. 

A very pretty, perennial, suffruticose plant, native of 
Van Diemen's Land, where it was discovered by Labillar- 
diere, (and whence seeds were sent by Ronald GuNNbsq., 
to the Glasgow Botanic Garden,) and about Cox s River 
N S Wales, according to Mr. Allan Cunningham. It 
flowers in the greenhouse during the month ot May. 

Descr. Stern much branched from the base, where it 
appears to be shrubby, and of a red-brown colour : branches^ 

jcp*™* gold, and .** hair ; from the golden heads of flowers. 

downy, erect, slender, virgate, leafy throughout. Leaves 
linear-oblong, or linear-lanceolate ; the lowermost an inch 
and a half or two inches long and acute, the rest shorter 
and more obtuse, passing gradually upwards into small 
scales, which are numerous below the flowers, nearly gla- 
brous above, beneath clothed with white down. Flowers, 
or Capitula, terminal, solitary, yellow. Involucre bell- 
shaped ; its scales numerous, imbricated, acute, scariose, 
dark brown at the tip. Florets numerous, densely crowded. 
Corolla infundibuliform, five-cleft. Anthers and Stigmas 
included. Germen oblong. Hairs of the Pappus slightly 

Fig. 1. Floret. 2. Upper part of the Style and Stigmas. 3. Hair from 
the Pappus : — magnified. 


which the Latin Names of the Plants contained in the Eleventh 
Volume of the New Series (or Sixty-fourth of the Work) are 
alphabetically arranged. 




Acropera Loddigesii. 
Anthericum glaucum. 
Aporura anceps. 
Begonia monoptera. 


■ platanifolia. 

Bifrenaria aurantiaca. 
Blumenbachia multifida. 
Boussingaultia baselloides. 
Brassia Lanceana. 
Calliprora lutea. 
Catasetum luridum. 
Cereus Ackermanni. 

Ceropegia stapeliiformis. 
Chorizema Henchmanni. 
Chrysocoma squamata. 
Chrysostemma tripteris. 
Chysis aurea. 
Clarkia elegans. 
Clianthus puniceus. 
Coreopsis longipes. 
Delphinium vimineum. 
Desmodium Canadense. 
Dodecatheon integrifolium. 
Dombeya cannabina. 
Dracophyllum capitatum. 
Echeveria racemosa. 
Echinocactus Mackiseanus. 

> ■ mammillaroides. 

■ sessiliflorus. 

Epidendrura chloroleucum. 




Eria stellata. 

Eucharidiura concinnum. 

Eutoca viscosa. 

Gaillardia bicolor, var. Drum- 

mondii integerrima. 
Gesneria Douglasii, @. verticil- 



■ Sceptrum, y. ignea. 

Habranthus Andersoni, far f. 

3542 Hippeastrum ambiguum, var. 
1. longiflora. 

3549 breviflorum. 

3587 Impatiens scapiflora. 
3552 Lachenalia glaucina. 

3578 Leptosiphon densiflorus. 

3554 Limnanthes Douglasii. 

3574 Linum monogynum. 

3600 Lobelia Cavanillesii. 
3609 erinoides. 

3550 polyphylla. 

3604 syphilitica, hybrida. 

3594 Lychnis Bungeana. 
3548 Madia elegans. 

3614 Maxillaria Henchmanni. 

3613 pumila. 

3573 Steelii. 

3560 Mimulus Cardinalis. 

3601 Monacanthus discolor, /3. viridi- 


3545 OEnothera fruticosa, var. am- 

3568 Oncidium Cebolleta. 
3603 ■ luridum. 

3581 ■ pumilum. 

3623 Papaver Gariepinum. 
3580 Pavetta Caffra. 

3556 Petunia violacea, hybrida. 
3618 Philibertia grandiflora. 
3621 Philodendron crassinervium. 

3579 Platystemon Californicum. 

3575 Platystigma linearis. 

3616 Polygala myrtifolia, var. gran- 
3562 Rytidophyllum auriculatum. 
3571 Sarcanthus teretifolius. 
3544 Sisyrinchium speciosum. 
3606 Stenactis speciosa. 

3615 Stenomesson croceum. 
3611 Thermopsis fabacea. 

3546 Tradescantia caricifolia. 

3547 Tulbaghia Ludwigiana. 

3555 _ violacea. 

3582 Xanthozia rotundifolia. 
3585 Zygopetalum cochleare. 


In which the English Names of the Plants contained in the Eleventh 
Volume of the New Series (or Sixty-fourth of the Work) are 
alphabetically arranged. 










Acropera, Mr. Loddiges'. 
Anthericum, glaucous-leaved. 
Aporum, two-edged. 
Balsam, steraless. 


■ single-winged. 

Bifrenaria, orange-coloured. 
Blumenbachia, multifid-leaved. 
Boussingaultia, Basella-like. 
Brassia, Mr. Lance's. 
Calliprora, yellow. 
Campion, Dr. Bunge's scarlet. 
Catasetum, lurid. 
Cereus, Ackerman's Mexican. 


Ceropegia, Stapelia-like. 
Chorizema, Mr. Henchman's. 
Chrysostemma, three-leaved. 
Chysis, golden-flowered. 
Clarkia, Californian. 
Coreopsis, long-stalked. 
Cowslip, American, entire- 

Desmodium, Canadian. 
Dombeya, Hemp. 
Dracophyllum, round-headed. 
Echeveria, racemed. 
Echinocactus, Mr. Mackie's. 



— — sessile-flowered 

Epidendrum, coriaceous- 

green and white- 



Eria, star-flowered. 
Eucharidium, pretty. 
Eutoca, clammy. 
Evening Primrose, shrubby, 
. var. 

Flax, monogynous. 
Gaillardia two-coloured,Drum- 

mond's entire-leaved var. 
Gesneria, Mr. Douglas' whorl- 

ed var. 
Dr. Lindley's. 































Gesneria, sceptre-flowered, 
pale-flowered var. 

Glory-Pea, crimson. 

Goldylocks, scaly-stalked. 

Habranthus, Anderson's 
Texas var. 

Knight's Star Lily, ambiguous, 
var. 1. long-flowered. 


Lachenalia, glaucous-flowered. 

Larkspur, slender, upright. 


Limnanthes, Mr. Douglas'. 

Lobelia, hybrid var. of the blue 




Madia, elegant. 

Maxillaria, dwarf. 

Mr. Henchman's. 

Mr. Steele's. 

Milk-wort, Myrtle-leaved, 
large-flowered var. 

Monk-flower, dingy, green- 
flowered var. 

Monkey-flower, Cardinal. 

Oncidium, dingy-flowered. 

Mr. Herbert's dwarf. 

— — — rounded-leaved. 

Pavetta, South African. 

Petunia, purple, hybrid var. 

Philibertia, large-flowered. 

Philodendron, thick-ribbed. 

Platystemon, Californian. 

Platystigma, linear-leaved. 

Poppy, South-African. 

Rytidophyllum, auriculated. 

Sarcanthus, round-leaved. 

Sisyrinchium, showy. 

Spiderwort, sedge-leaved. 

Stenactis, showy. 

Stenomesson, orange-flowered. 

Thermopsis, bean-leaved. 

Tulbaghia, Ludwig's. 

■ violet-flowered. 

Xanthozia, round-leaved. 

Zygopetalum, shell-lipped.