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In which the most Ornamental Foreign Plants cultivated in the Open Ground, 

the Green-House, and the Stove, are accurately represented and coloured. 

To which are added, 


Their Places of Growth, Times of Flowering, and most approved 
Methods of Culture. 





LL D. F. R. A. and L. S. Vice President of the Linnean Society, and 
Director of the Royal Botanic Gardens of Kew. 


Or Vol. lxix. of the whole Work. 

" The Spleen is seldom felt where Flora reigns." 


Printed by Edward Couchman, 10, Throgmorton Street ; 



Published also bySherwood, Gilbert & Piper, 23, Paternoster Row j Blacfewood, Edinburgh] and in Holland, 

by Mr. Gt. Eldering, Florist, at Haarlem : 

And to be had of all Booksellers in Town and Country. 












October 1, 1843. 


( 3964 ) 

Brownea cocciNEA. Scarlet-flowered 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Leguminos^i. ) 

Generic Character. 

Bracteolce 2 connatae vaginam bifidam constituentes. 
Sepala 5 concreta in calycem 5-fidum coloratum, tubo per- 
sistente, lobis longis saepe varie cohaerentibus. Petala 5 
unguiculata. Stam. 10 — 15 in vaginam hinc longitudina- 
liter fissam monadelpha. Ovarium stipite calycis adnato 
instructum, stylo filiformi. Legumen uniloculare poly- 
spermia acinaciforme compressum. Semina ovata fibris 
fungosis obvoluta. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Brownea* coccinea ; foliolis 2 — 5-jugis ovali-oblongis acu- 
minatis, floribus fasciculatis, ramis petiolisque gla- 
bris. D C 

Brownea coccinea. Jacq. Amer. p. 194. t. 121. Willd. 

Sp. PL v. 3. p. 715. Be Cand. Prodr. v. 2. p. 477. 

Spreng. St/st. Veget. v. 3. p. 75. 


* So named in compliment to Dr. Patrick Bkowne, an eminent 
Naturalist, and Author of a History of Jamaica. Born in Ireland, in the 
county of Mayo, in 1720, he was sent to Antigua when only seventeen years 
of age ; but the climate disagreeing with him, he returned to Europe in 
less than a year's time, and studied Physic, and especially Botany, first at 
Paris, afterwards in Leyden, where he took his Doctor's degree, and formed 
an intimacy with Gronovius, and commenced a correspondence with 
Linn^us and other distinguished Naturalists. He then practised Medicine 
for a short time in London, and went again to the West Indies, first to 
Antigua, and afterwards to Jamaica, where he spent his time in collecting 
and preserving specimens of the plants, buds, and shells of that fertile island, 



Few things can exceed the elegance or the richness of colouring in 
the beautiful flowers of this shrub ; but unfortunately they are rarely 
produced in our stoves, and very quickly drop, scarcely lasting more 
than twenty-four hours. The specimen described produced several 
fasciculi in short succession, in February, 1842, in the Botanic 
Garden, Edinburgh. 

It is a native of Jamaica, and was introduced to our gardens so long 
ago as 1793, by Admiral Blyth; but has never been recorded as 
having flowered till now. Six other species are enumerated, all 
inhabiting the continent of South America. 

Descr. Trunk (in the specimen described, an old plant, ten feet 
high) erect, brown and rough with the dark disquamating cuticle, 
branched; branches pendulous, twigs glaucous and warted. Leaves 
alternate, abruptly pinnated, pendulous ; petiole (three to nine inches 
long) slender, green, and shining; pinna in two to five pairs, subop- 
posite, flat, oblong, acuminate, green and glabrous on both sides, 
subconaceous, the most distant (six to eight inches long, two and a 
iialt to three and a quarter inches broad,) the largest, gradually smaller 
towards the plant, mid-rib prominent below, flat above, veins oblique, 
curved and terminating before reaching the edges. Flower-bud large, 
globular, terminal or subsessile in the axil of the petioles, incased with 
large, round, rose-coloured scales which are villous on the outside, 
sinning within. Mowers fascicled, of uniform, brilliant vermillion-rose 
colour, pendulous, the terminal ones expanding first, and the others in 
succession downwards. Calyx coloured like all the parts of the flower ; 
pv," f ?' ? Y ' pe T tent ' S labrous on the outside, and also within, 
Kfwl lt f. a P ex ., w ^ ere ll is Pubescent, obconical, slightly angled, 
Wunf hZ i Xl1 ° f a su ^ lat e-filiform bract, and incased by two 

mkklle nnri ', a n g f l U f ° T the other ' coalescing to above their 
uneoualU .o US; *"* ^T^' segments as long as the tube, 

S^dSdu^" 1 ?! ad 7 rr d ^ iptica1 ' blunt ' S lab ™ s concave ' thin 
funnel s Wrf ?/ ^ (an mch and a 1 uarter ^S) nve-petalous, 

thrthroaf of t£ ^ ^i' tapering int0 lon S cla ^ inserted int ° 

em\^ e we^ti^' ? °^ 1 the c % x ' ^^equal, undulate, 
SPSS Xw^i nervatlon uniform. Stamens inserted with the 

jftSlSS l: hem dI a deftTo'tSeTn h ° U \ and f^^ 
of the calvx-limb; atUhmvto^^^^^^^T™ 
granules oblong. Pu« hoi T % '* P T^^ ™' 

capitate, dark; style strath fil f n ^i ^T^ 1 ^ ma Sma11 ' 

putesc € nt,8tipitate!VS^S 1, f ab T S; r men dense1 ^ 
numerous! Sranam Ulk adlierent to the calyx-tube; ovules 

which he gave to the world in 17Sfi ,„ k- in, „■ 
History of Jamaica." The connlml I hlS valuable " Cl vil and Natural 
CornhUl, in 17G5, and the wj never ^ *" ^ in a S reat fire in 
us corrections and additions were mTl! 1° a sec ° n <? editlo «. although 
to Sir Joseph Banks. made b ? the Author, which he sent 

1. F 


slightly magnified. 




( 3965 ) 

Illicium religiosum. Sacred Aniseed 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Magnoliace^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Carpella verticillatirn disposita, rarissime abortu soli- 
taria. — Folia pellucido-punclata. De Cand. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Illicium* religiosum; arboreum, sempervirens, totum gla- 
brum, foliis ellipticis integerrimis utrinque attenuatis 
acuminatis, staminibus 18 — 20, capsulis carnosis. Sie- 

Illicium religiosum. Sieb. Fl. Jap. v. 1. p. 1. t. 1. 

Illicium Anisatum. Thunb. Fl. Jap. p. 235. et reliquorum 
auctorum, exclusis Loureiro Flor. Cochinch. p. 432. et 
Gcertn. Carp. \.p. 338. t. 69. 

Somo vulgo Skimi. Fanna Skimmi, &c. Kampf. Amcen. 
Exot. p. 880. cum icone. 

I am not aware tbat the sacred Aniseed Tree of the 
Japanese has ever been cultivated in Europe, till it was 
lately introduced into Holland by the distinguished Japan- 
ese Traveller and Botanist, Dr. Siebold. We are in- 
debted to Mr. Maroy of Liege for a fine young plant, 
which he presented to the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kevv, 
and which flowered in great perfection in the greenhouse in 

° V March, 

* Ab illiciendo, denoting an enticing plant, from its being very fragrant 
•'rid aromsifip 

March , 1842. Dr. Siebold has determined that there are 
two species, one the I. Anisalum of Loureiro, the Chinese 
kind ; and the other that here figured, the " Fanna Skimmi 
vel x«T i&xvv Fanna, i. e. Flos dicta," of K^smpfer's Amaeni- 
tates Exoticae. It would appear that the two have been 
confounded by most authors, and that Loureiro's name of 
Anisatum has been incorrectly given to the Japan kind. 
By the Japanese this plant is held sacred ; they strew wreaths 
of it and branches over the tombs of their friends, and their 
priests burn the bark as a perfume upon the altars of their 
deities. A singular use is made of the pulverized bark by 
the public watchmen. Hollow tubes, graduated on the 
outside, are filled with this substance, which is lighted at 
one extremity, and burns gradually and uniformly : so that 
when the fire has reached a certain mark, the watchmen 
strike the hour upon a bell, and thus announce it to the 

Descr. K^mpfer speaks of the trunk as attaining to the 
height of a Cherry-tree : while our flowering plant is not 
more than three feet high. It has rounded, glabrous stems 
and branches: the latter, in their younger state, green, 
more or less spotted with brown. Leaves alternate, ellip- 
tical, coriaceous, entire, acute at both extremities, and 
shortly petiolated ; palish green, penninerved, but the 
nerves are scarcely visible beneath. Flowers from the 
axils of the leaves, solitary, or two together. Peduncle 
short, issuing from a scaly bud. Flowers yellow green, 
destitute of fragrance. Petals numerous, linear, the inner- 
most ones very narrow. Stamens about twenty. Filaments 
short, dilated. 

Fig. 1 . Flower, from which the Calyx and Petals have been removed ; 
the Peduncle surrounded by the scaly Bud : magnified. 


( 3966 ) 

Maxillaria acutipetala. Sharp-petaled 


Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^:. ) 

Generic Character . 

Perianthium connivens, raro patens. Sepala lateralia 
cum basi columna3 connata. Petala subconformia. Label- 
lum trilobum, cucullatum, sessile, cum basi producta co~ 
lumnae articulatum. Columna semiteres aptera. Anthera 
subbilocularis. Pollinia 2, bipartite !ia v. integra, caudi- 
cula brevi, glandula transversa. — Epiphytae ( AmericanceJ 
pseudo-bulbosce, acaules v. caulescentes. Folia spicati v. 
coriacea. Pedunculi radicates, axillares v. terminates, uni- 
v. muttiflori. Lindl. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Maxillaria acutipetala ; pseudo-bulbis oblongo-ovatis an- 
gulatis diphyllis, foliis lato-linearibus acutis, scapis 
radicalibus uni- bifloris, sepalis petalisque oblongis 
acutis patentibus subconformibus, labello oblongo tri- 
lobo centro striato basique lineis elevatis subquinque, 
lobis lateralibus brevibus columnam involventibus in- 
termedio acuto reflexo. 

Allied, on the one hand, to M. tenuifolia, Lindlev, Bot. 
Reg. 1839, t. 8, and, on the other, to M. picta, Hook., Bot. 
Mag. t. 3154, but abundantly distinct from both. It was 
sent to the Royal Gardens at Kew by Mr. Barclay, their 
Collector, in H. M. Surveying Ship, the Sulphur, from 
Central America, and I am not aware of its being in any 
other collection. It flowers in March and April, and the 


very prettily marked blossoms render it a desirable plant in 
every Orchideous stove. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs clustered, oblongo-ovate, deeply 
furrowed, with prominent angles ; the younger ones clothed 
with brown, acuminated scales. Leaves two from the sum- 
mit of the pseudo-bulb: linear-oblong, or almost ligulate, 
acute, quite smooth. Peduncles from the base of the 
pseudo-bulbs, clothed with sheathing scales, erect, shorter 
than the leaves, one or two-flowered. Flowers pale orange 
spotted and blotched with blood-colour. Sepals oblong- 
acute, patent, an inch and a half long. Petals smaller, 
but of nearly the same shape and colour, equally spreading. 
Lip articulated on the base of the decurrent column, of a 
paler color below, the rest coloured and spotted like the 
petals and sepals, oblong, the lower half with its two lobes 
embracing the column ; the middle-lobe reflexed, acute. 
Column deep red-purple. Anther-case of the same colour, 
conical. Pollen-masses four, united by a horseshoe-shaped 

Fig. 1. Column and Lip. 2. Anther-case. 3.3. Pollen-masses: mag- 



( 3967 ) 
Othonna frutescens. Shrubby Othonna. 


Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Necessaria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Composite. ) 

Generic Character. 

Capitulum radiatum., fl. radii ligulatis foemineis, radii 
masculis tubulosis 5-denticulatis. Receptaculum convexum 
subconicumve foveolatum, interdum pilosiusculum. Invol. 
squama? uniseriales inter se lateribus plus minus concretae 
ante explic. eximie valvatae. Styli fl. masc. apice stigma- 
tibus in cornu eoncretis. Achenia radii fertilia ovalia hirta 
aut glabra papillosa pappo piloso multiseriali dense coro- 
nata; disci abortiva cylindracea glabriuscula, pappo 1- 
seriali depauperato. — Frutices aut herbae capenses. Folia 
varie incisa aut Integra, carnosa aut membranacea. Capi- 
tula ad apices pedunculorum solitaria, flava aut in paucissi- 
mis cyanea. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Othonna * frutescens; fruticosa glabra erecta cicatricibus 
fol. glabris, foliis subpetiolatis crassiusculis aveniis 
glaucescentibus integerrimis dentatisve, infer, obovatis 
ovalibusve, super, oblongis, summis ovatis grosse den- 
tatis, pedunculis nudis aut foliola I — 2 gerentibus 
erectis folio multo longioribus., involucro cylindraceo, 
squamis circ. 8 eoncretis, ligulis 8 invol. duplo fere 
longioribus., achaeniis glabris. D C. 

Othonna frutescens. Linn. Mant. p. 288. Willd. Sp. PL 
v. 3. p. 2381. Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 3. p. 625. De 
Cand. Prod. v. 6. p. 478. 

Cineraria Othonnites. Linn. Sp. PL ed. 2. p. 1244. 

Jacobs Africana frutescens, crassis et succulentis foliis. 
CommeL Hort. 2. p. 147. t. 76. 


°So*»), a linen cloth or napkin ; so called from the cottony clothing of 
some of the species. 

A handsome showy plant, a native of South Africa, with 
a stout stem, singularly glaucous and fleshy leaves, and 
copious handsome yellow flowers. It was grown in the 
Dutch Gardens in the days of Commelinus (nearly two 
hundred years ago), but does not appear to have been 
cultivated in England till now, when we find it in the 
Birmingham Botanic Garden. It is a greenhouse plant, 
and flowers during the latter end of summer. 

Descr. Stem erect, two or three feet high, nearly as 
thick as one's finger, suffruticose, but succulent, rounded, 
glabrous, purplish-green. Leaves alternate, sessile, obo- 
vate, acute, entire or obscurely angulato-dentate, and 
somewhat thick and fleshy, glaucous-green. Panicles 
terminal, many-flowered, bearing small leaves or bracteas 
at the setting on of their branches, which are oblong-acute. 
Involucre turbinate, of one leaf, thick and fleshy at the base, 
cut into about eight equal, spreading, acute teeth. Ray of 
about eight ligulate female florets, yellow, spreading much 
longer than the breadth of the disk, obscurely three-toothed 
at the apex. Germen oblong-obovate, furrowed as it ripens 
into perfect fruit, downy towards the top, and bearing a 
pappus of numerous scabrous hairs. Disk yellow, of many 
tubular-male florets. Germen elongated, slender, abortive. 
Pappus of few hairs. 

Fig 1 Involucre laid open, from which are removed all the Florets but 
one tubular and one ligulate one. 2. Nearly mature Achenium with the 
Corolla still attached to it. 3. Hair from the Pappus. 4. Stigmas:- 
magnified. rx ° 


( 3968 ) 

Begonia hydrocotylifolia. Penny-wort- 
leaved Begonia. 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Begoniace^s. ) 

Generic Character. 

Masc. Cat. o. Cor. polypetala, petalis plerumque 4, 
inaequalibus. — F(em. Cal. o. Cor. petalis 4 — 9, plerumque 
inaequalibus. Styli 3, bifidi. Caps, triquetra, alata, trilo- 
cularis, polyspermia. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Begonia hydrocotylifolia ; pubescens, caule crasso brevi 
repente squamoso, foliis petiolatis cordato-rotundatis, 
pedunculis axillaribus folio multoties longioribus, flo- 
ribus racemoso-paniculatis omnibus dipetalis, fructus 
alis subaequalibus. 

Begonia hydrocotylifolia. Hort. Berl. 

This is one of the many pretty Begonias with which our 
stoves have been enriched through the liberality of the 
Royal Botanic Garden of Berlin. As far as my investiga- 
tions will allow me to judge, it is not a species anywhere 
described : and I give it under the name by which we have 
received it from M. Otto. It flowers with us during the 
summer season. 

Descr. The stem is short, thick, succulent, but peren- 
nial, creeping and throwing out fibrous radicles from be- 
neath ; above, especially towards the apex, throwing up 

veral leaves, which have petioles, two or more inches 
long, thick and fleshy, hairy : the blade about two inches 
across, rotundate cordate, entire, nearly equilateral, above 


convex, shining and nearly glabrous, the margin and be- 
neath pubescent. At the base of the petioles are membran- 
aceous, fringed stipules, which soon become brown, and 
give a scaly appearance to the stem. Peduncles axillary, 
eight to ten inches to a foot high, clothed with spreading 
hairs, and bearing a compound raceme or panicle at the 
apex, pale red. Flowers, of both kinds, with two spreading, 
deep rose-coloured, rounded petals. Stamens and styles, 
as in the Genus. Fruit oval, triquetrous, with three mode- 
rately broad, nearly equal wings. 

Fig. 1. Male Flower. 2. Female ditto. 3. Transverse Section of a Cap- 
sule : — magnified. 


( 3969 ) 

Trichocentrum fuscum. Brown-flow- 
ered Trichocentrum. 


Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Old. OrCHIDEjE.) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium patens, liberum, aequale. Labellum sessile, 
cum basi columnae connatum, planum, bilobum, basi lamel- 
losum. Columna nana, semiteres, crassa, utrinque alata. 
Anthera bilocularis, mutica. Pollinia 2, complicata ; cau- 
dicula cuneata ; glandula minuta. — Herbae epiphytce Ameri- 
cans acaules; foliis planis (aut nullis?), floribus radicali- 
bus. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Trichocentrum * fuscum ; foliis obiongis acutis oblique 
tortis racemo longioribus, labello glabro bilobo basi 
bilamellato venis" quibusdam callosis, alis columnae 
serratis. Lindl. 

Trichocentrum fuscum. Lindl, Bot. Reg. t. 1951. 

Acoidium fuscum. Lindl. in Hort. 

A native of Mexico, and first introduced to our col- 
lections, as it would appear, by Mr. Knight of the King's 
Road, Chelsea. Our plant, here figured, flowered in the 
Royal Botanic Gardens of Kew, in September, 1841, and 
we shortly afterwards received flowering specimens from 
Mr. Moore of the Glasnevin Botanic Garden. 


* So named by Dr. Poppig from 0p| r^x°y B lui " - alul n * n f> a s V ur 
in consequence oi the long and narrow Bpur of'the labellum. 

Descr. To this orchideous plant there is no stern nor 
pseudo-bulb. The leaves spring, with a very short petiole, 
directly from the fibrous roots, and are oblong-acute, spread- 
ing, somewhat twisted, thick and leathery, the colour a 
purplish-green, sprinkled copiously with minute dots The 
flowers are also radical, on short peduncles. The calyx 
and petals are spreading, nearly alike in form and colour 
ovate, acute, purple-green. Labellum much longer than 
the petals, porrected, somewhat cuneate waved, with a long; 
slender spur at the base. At the apex it is two-lobed and 
white : lower down blotched with rose-colour and spotted 
with red. Column short, having on each side a broad 
obovate, acute, serrated wing, of a pale yellow colour,' 
dotted and tipped with red. Anther-case hemispherical 
Jrollen-masses yellow. 


( 3970 ) 

Dendrobium macranthum. Large- 
flowered Dendrobium. 

■/J? v$> "/J- 1 vfl«? vjv* vj*' vjs" yj* 1 "/JS' yjr vf. 1 vf.' "/JS 7f>* 7f> vJS vf. vj»' '4* 4* VP 

C/ass cwd Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchideje. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala mem bran acea, erecta vel patentia, lateralibus ma- 
joribus obliquis cum basi producta columnae connatis. 
Petala sepalo supremo saepius majora nunc minora, semper 
membranacea. Labellum cum pede columnae articulatum 
vel connatum, semper sessile, indivisum vel trilobum, sae- 
pius membranaceum, nunc appendiculatum. Columna 
semiteres, basi longe producto. Anthera bilocularis. Pol- 
linia 4, per paria collateralia. — Herbae epiphyta, nunc cau- 
lescentes, nunc rhizomate repente pseudo-bulbifero. Folia 
plana, scepius venosa. F lores solitariifasciculati, vel race- 
mosi, speciosi. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Dendrobium macranthum; foliis ovato - oblongis obtusis 
nervosisbasi subcordatis, sepalis lanceolatis lateralibus 
basi productis, petalis oblongis acutis, labello pubes- 
scente convoluto denticulato subunguiculato oyato 
callo baseos elevato transverso obsolete trilobo. Lindl. 

Dendrobium macranthum. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. Misc. HMV, 
p. 36. (sub nom. D. macrophylli;. 

No pencil can do justice to the beauty of the blossoms of 
this charming plant, of which specimens and a drawing 
were kindly "sent to me by Dillwyn ^welyn Esq of 
Penllegar, in April of the present year 1842. I kn ow not 
that it has flowered in any other collection, save thatri 


Messrs. Loddiges, who appear to have introduced it to our 
gardens from Manilla. 1 think there can be no doubt that 
it is the Dendrobium n macrophyllum" of Lindley's miscel- 
laneous notices above quoted : but the name I suspect is a 
misprint for D. macranthum; which I infer, not only be- 
cause there is a Dendrobium macrophyllum (from New 
Guinea) of Richard ; but because Lindley speaks particu- 
larly of the large size of the flowers ; <c they are nine inches 
in circumference, and will probably be still larger when the 
plant becomes more healthy." The flowers of our plant 
are full five inches in their extreme diameter. 

Descr. Stems or pseudo-bulbs pendent, leafy. Leaves 
alternate, oblong, acute, nerved, slightly cordate and semi- 
amplexicaul at the base. Flowers solitary from the axils of 
the leaves, large, very handsome. Sepals lanceolate, acu- 
minate, spreading. Petals also spreading, oblong-acute; 
both sepals and petals of a delicate, rich lilac colour, with 
darker nerves. Lip large, ovate, with the two side lobes 
convolute, large, downy ; the middle lobe broadly ovate, 
downy towards the apex : the whole lip coloured like the 
sepals, except that there is a broad, deep blotch within the 
side lobes. At the base of the lip is a callous, three-lobed 
excrescence. Column short. Anther-case deep purple. 
Pollen-masses as in the other species of the Genus. 

l^^^^^a^S 61 Part ° f ^^ witi A,,^^,^ 3>Lip 4> 

( 3971 ) 

Gloxinia tubiflora. Tube-flowered 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Gesneriace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cali/cis tubus imo ovario adnatus ; limbus 5-fidus aut 5- 
partitus. Corolla infundibuliformis aut campanulato-sub- 
ringens, hinc postice ad basin gibba, aut subcalcarata, 
tubo ventricoso, limbo patulo subbilabiato, lobis 5 rotun- 
datis. Stamina 4 didynama cum quinti rudimento. Anthera 
cohaerentes. Glandular 5 perigynae. Stylus in stigma or- 
biculatum concavum subinfundibuliforme abeuns. Cap- 
sula 1-locularis bivalvis, placentis 2 parietalibus bilobis, 
seminibus numerosis oblongis. — Herbae vel suffrutices, spe- 
cies Australi- Americana?, pler&que Brasilienses. Folia oppo- 
sita, inter dum radicalia, petiolata, crenata. Flores ampli, 
axillares, aut radicales, pedicellati, sapius nutantes. D C. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Gloxinia tubiflora; caulescens pubescens, foliis oblongis 
subacuminatis brevi-petiolatis subcrenatis, panicula 
terminali, pedicellis elongatis, corolla subhypocrateri- 
formi, tubo elongato sursum curvato, limbo patente 
lobis 5 subaequalibus, glandulisad basin ovarii 4, unica 
duplo majore. 

This very fine and new plant seems to have nearly as 
strong a claim to be considered a Gesneria as a Gloxinia, 
or, rather, it appears almost to unite the two Genera. It is 
one of the many interesting novelties, reared by Mr. Moore 
of the Glasnevin Botanic Garden from seeds, sent by Mr. 


Tweedie from Buenos-Ayres. I do not think, however, 
the species inhabits any portion of the Argentine provinces, 
at least I have never found it in any of the numerous collec- 
tions 1 have received from Mr. Tweedie. It is probable he 
obtained the seeds from South Brazil, or, it has been sus- 
pected, from Paraguay. 

Descr. Judging from the specimens sent to me, the stem 
is short, leafy ; the leaves opposite, oblong, acuminate, 
reticulated, downy, obscurely crenated, petiolated : petiole 
short, thick. Panicle of several flowers. Pedicels oppo- 
site, bracteated, two inches long. Calyx half-superior, 
with five nearly spreading, acuminated segments. Corolla 
pure white, downy : the tube four inches long, a little en- 
larged and curved upwards, at the base above, with a very 
conspicuous, broad spur or gibbosity : the limb an inch and 
a half broad, spreading, equally five-lobed. Stamens four, 
didynamous, with the rudiment of a fifth. Anther united 
into a cross. Germen downy, half-inferior, with four glands, 
three (lower ones) equal in size, the fourth double as large 
as the others. Style about the length of the tube, curved. 
Stigma entire. 

Fig. 1. Base of the Corolla laid open, to show the Stamens. 2. Pistil, 
with the Gland at the base of the Germen : — magnified. 


( 3972 ) 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — CactejE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calycis tubus ovario adhaerens ; lobi 5 — 6 colorati fruc- 
tum juniorem coronantes. Petala 5 — 25 a calyce vix dis- 
tincta, eo longiora et cum sepalis in tubum concreta. 
Stamina filiformia pluriserialia. Stylus filiformis. Stigma 
3 — 7-fidum radiatum. Bacca laevis oblonga. Semina nidu- 
lantia. Cotyledones minutae, acuminata?. — Suffrutices car- 
nosi t subrotundi aut cylindracei, lactescentes aut succo lim- 
pido repleti, aphylli, tuberculis subconicis mammceformibus 
spiraliter dispositis, apice spinulas radiantes et tomentum 
demum deciduum gerentibus. F lores inter basin mammil- 
larum sessiles, sapius in zonam transversam dispositi. Bac- 
ca obovata, edulis, calyce rnarcescente, demum deciduo, coro- 
nata. Pfeiff. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Mammillaria pycnacantha ; subrotundo-cylindracea, mam- 
millis latiusculis superne obscure bilobis, aculeis 
12 — 16 pallidis patenti-recurvatis demum fuscatis seriei 
interioris robustioribus, lana floccosa in axillis areolis- 
que superioribus et circa flores. 

Mammillaria pycnacantha. Mart. — Lehm. in Act. Nov. 
Cur. v. 16. p. 325. t. 17. Pfeiff. Enum. Cact. p. 16. 

From the collection in the Royal Gardens of Kew : a 
native, it is said, of the neighbourhood of Oaxaca, Mexico. 
The plant, figured by Lehmann, in the work above quoted, 
represents a young plant, more elongated than usual. In 


other respects it quite accords with our specimens. When 
well grown the form is almost globose. It flowers copiously, 
in July, from the summit, and numerous offsets are produc- 
ed also from the apex, by which the plant may be easily 

Descr. Plant about six inches high, and almost the same 
in breadth, of a rounded form, but nearly straight at the 
sides so as to be somewhat cylindrical. Mammilla large, 
nearly an inch broad at the base, hemispherical, but broader 
than long, and obscurely two-lobed, dark green, slightly 
glaucous : the axilla, especially the upper ones, where they 
are less crowded, filled with dense, white wool. Spines 
12 — 16, woolly at the base, spreading and recurved, pale 
brown. Flowers five or six, opening at a time, on the top 
of the plant, and making a handsome appearance when 
spreading under the influence of the sun, of a deep sulphur 
yellow colour, two and a half or three inches in diameter. 
Petals linear-oblong, acuminated, serrated. Anthers orange- 
coloured. Stigmas yellow. 

vM deP 

( 3973 ) 


Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Lobeliace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-lobus, tubo turbinato aut hemisphaerico. Corolla 
tubo superne saepius ventricoso, plerumque recurvo, integro 
vel (rarissime) basi fisso et superne solum integro ; lobis 
5 tubo brevioribus bilabiatis falcatis, duobus superioribus 
saepe majoribus supra faucem reflexis, inferioribus subbrevi- 
oribus. Stamina connata, antheris 2 inferioribus apice bar- 
batis, aut (rarius) omnibus hirsutis. — Frutices, suffrutices, 
vel herbae, ex America prcesertim meridionali, non nunquam 
scandentes, caulibus ramisq. scepius erectis,foliis alternis aut 
verticillatis, pedicellis axillaribus, Jloribus rubris vel sordide 
albidis, corollis plerumque pubescentibus latere superiore 
paulo majore, convexitas corolla sursum spectans. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Siphocampylus* bctulcefolius ; caule ramoso tereti glabro, 
foliis petiolatis ovato-acuminatis subcordato-triangu- 
laribus subduplicato-acute serratis superne glabris 
subtus nervo et petiolis tenuissime pubescentibus, pe- 
dicellis folio longioribus glabris, tubo calycis glabri 
obverse pyramidato lobis angustisacutis serrulatis tubo 
sublongioribus corolla plus sexies brevioribus, corolla 
subarcuata glabra superne dilatata lobis anguste lan- 
ceolatis acutis, antheris glabris 2 inf. apice barbatis, 
capsula obverse pyramidata infera. D C. 


* So named by Pohl from <r«puv, a tube, and w^nrvXoj, bent or curved, as 
more or less characteristic of the tube of the corolla. 

Siphocampylus betulaefolius. Don, Diet. 3. p. 704. De 
Cand. Prodr. v. 7. p. 399. Gardn. Herb. Brasil. n. 

This elegant and very graceful plant, its flowers richly 
varied with bright red and yellow, is another of the rarities 
with which Mr. Gardner has enriched our collections from 
Brazil. He detected the species in the Organ Mountains, 
where Sello, its original discoverer, had, probably, previ- 
ously procured it. It flowered, for the first time in Europe, 
in the Royal Botanic Garden of Kew, in July, 1842, and 
continued for a long time in great beauty. It is easily pro- 
pagated by cuttings, and will no doubt become a general 
favourite in our stoves, and may probably, like the S.bicolor, 
be found hardy enough to bear the greenhouse, or even, in 
the summer months, the open border. 

Descr. Perennial. Stem woody at the base, branched, 
two to three feet high ; branches rounded. Leaves alter- 
nate, petiolate, three to four inches long, cordate, acumi- 
nated, doubly serrated, nearly glabrous. Peduncles soli- 
tary, single-flowered, axillary, about as long as the leaves, 
thickened upwards into the furrowed, inferior germen. 
Calycine segments subulate, serrulate, with few and distant 
serratures. Corolla two and a half to three inches long, 
slightly curved, bright vermillion red, the limb deep yellow, 
cut into five nearly equal segments. Stamens and style 
a little exserted. 

Fig. 1. Anther and Stigma '.^-magnified. 



( 3974 ) 



Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord.— Cacte^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala numerosa, imbricata, basi ovario adnata; in tubnm 
brevissimum concreta, exteriora involucriformia, intima 
petaliformia. Stamina numerosa, calyci affixa, ineequalia,, 
intima brevissima, filiformia, antheris oblongis. Stylus 
cylindricus, subfistulosus, apice multifidus. Bacca sepalo- 
rum reliquiis subsquamata,, rarissime lajvis. Cotyledones 
parvulae. — Frutices simplicissimi carnosi, ovati aut globosi, 
melocactoidei aut mammillarice/brmes, aphylli, costati aut 
tuberculati, costis tuberculis confluentibus quasi forrnatis, 
dorso aculeorum fasciculos gerentibus. Flores efasciculis 
aculeorum ad apicem costarum orti, similes Jloribus Cerei^ 
sedtubo vix supra receptaculum elongato. Pfeiff. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Echinocactus centeterius ; subglobosus obscure viridis tu- 
berculatus apice vix umbilicatus., tuberculis in series 
15 subverticales dispositis confluentibus obiongis infra 
areolam acuato-prominentibus (gibbosis), areolis ova- 
libus cano-tomentosis, acuieis exterioribus 10 — 12 gra- 
cilibus rectiusculis bifarie patentibus, centralibus 4 
decussatis validioribus nigrescentibus tandem fusco- 
ei nereis. Pfeiff- 

Echinocactus centeterius. <e Leh?n." — Pfeiff- Enum. Cact. 
p. 65. 

This has been for some time cultivated in the Royal 
Botanic Gardens of Kevv, under the name here adopted. If 


it be the same with the E. centeterius * of Lehmann and 
Pfeiffer, the plant from which the latter author's descrip- 
tion was made is but young, for it is mentioned as two 
inches and three quarters high, and three inches broad, 
with flowers an inch and a half in diameter. In other 
respects, the two plants appear to be the same. The best 
of descriptions, however, give but an imperfect idea of 
the distinguishing marks in this extensive and curious 
family. In the specimen before us, the height is above six 
inches, and the breadth somewhat less. The flowers are 
copious, five to seven or eight from the summit of the plant : 
each is nearly three inches across ; the petals are deep 
straw colour, with a reddish streak down the centre. The 
filaments are reddish ; the anthers vellow. Stigmas about 
eight- or nine-rayed, yellow, tinged with red, protruded 
beyond the stamens. 

It flowers copiously in July. 

* nmtuptx, id quo pungere possumus .-—so called, I presume, from the 

pious soines. r ' 

copious spines 


W FMi ,/,■/' 

f'ttf'./n/S tur/t.. GkuamwdiExsev.OcCl. IS41. 

( 3975 ) 

Stelis atropurpurea. Dark-flowered 


Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — OrchidejE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala globoso-conniventia, aequalia, valvata, basibus 
subconnata. Petala nana. Labellum nanum petalis con- 
forme. Columna nana, mutica, cum ovario continua. An- 
thera l-locularis. Pollinia 2, ovata, cereacea, distincta, 
nunc ad apicem materie viscida cohserentia. — Herbae epi- 
phytes habitu Pleurothallis. Lindl. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Stelis * atropurpurea ; folio oblongo-subspathulato retuso, 
pedunculo squamato folio longiore, spica nutante, flo- 
ribus sessilibus, sepalis trinerviis petalisque (triplo mi- 
noribus) rotundato-ovatis obtusissimis atro-purpureis 
labello patulo aequantibus late ovatis basi canaliculars 

This new Stelis,, as I believe it to be., was sent by Mr. 
Parkinson from Mexico, to His Grace the late Duke of 
Bedford, and it flowered in the stove of the Orchideous 
house of that nobleman at Woburn, in February, 1839. 
It has little beauty to recommend it in comparison with 
many of this family of plants, which are such universal 

Descr. Stems tufted, short, sheathed with scales, and 
bearing a solitary leaf, which is articulated upon the apex. 


* The Greek name of some parasitical plant found growing upon trees, 
and so made applicable to a Epiphytal Orchideous plant. 

Leaf about three inches long, oblong, retuse, tapering 
gradually into a petiole. Peduncle from the base of the 
leaf-stalk, taller than the leaf, scaly. Spike three to four 
inches long, drooping. Flowers sessile, numerous, each 
arising from a membranous, sheathing scale, of a sin- 
gularly dark, sanguineous, or blood -red colour. Sepals 
spreading, equal, broadly ovate, very obtuse, three-nerved. 
Petals of the same shape, but not one-third of the size, and 
destitute of the nerves. Lip about the size of the petals, 
ovate, recurved towards the apex, the base grooved, from 
the turning up of the sides, and on each side furnished with 
a tubercle. Column short, mottled with purple. Anther- 
case downy. 

Fig. 1. Portion of a Spike with two Flowers. 2. Flower from which the 
Sepals are removed. 3. Column and Lip. 4. Anther-case. 5. Pollen- 
masses : — magnified. 

/ Id. /"/ . 1 / ur& v /.'/, / : , /,ii, ,<>,/ Ksswk .Vor '/ 1 s'f:> 

( 3976 ) 

EchItes splendens. Splendid-flowered 



Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Apocyne^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-partitus, laciniis intus squamula instructis. Corolla 
hypocrateriformis aut infundibuliformis, tubo plus minus 
elongato, limbo 5-partito, laciniis subinaequilateris, fauce 
nuda. Stamina inclusa, antheris sagittatis, raro hastatis v. 
subcordatis. Ovaria 2, glandulis 5 hypogynis cincta aut 
superata. Stylus I. Stigma capitatum. Folliculi 2, cylin- 
dracei, angusti, seminibus comosis. Mart, et Stadelm. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Echites splendens ; scandens, caule glabro, foliis ellipticis 
acuminatis undulatis basi cordatis supra venis reticula- 
ris impressis, subtus praecipue pubescentibus, venis 
elevatis, racemis axillaribus sublonge pedunculatis, 
bracteis calycinisque laciniis subulatis, corolla infun- 
dibuliformi glabro, laciniis rotunda tis subacutis, stami- 
nibus supra medium tubi insertis. 

Of the many handsome species of this Genus which the 
late researches of Botanists and Travellers in Brazil have 
made known to us, this is unquestionably the most beauti- 
ful, and may vie with the choicest productions of Flora 
which have been of late years introduced to our gardens. 
It was sent from the Organ Mountains to Messrs. Veitch of 
the Mount Radford Nursery, Exeter, last year (1841), by 
their zealous collector, Mr. Lobb ; and already has pro- 
duced such copious and richly coloured blossoms, as have 


vol. xiv. d 

gratified every one who has seen them. Dried native speci- 
mens were sent home at the same time with the living 
plants, and they, as well as the cultivated ones, show, that 
Mr. Gardner, though he botanized extensively in the same 
tract, did not meet with it ; and that it is a species unde- 
scribed even by the authors (Martius and Stadelmeyer) of 
the " Echites of Brazil," published in the Botanische Zei- 
tung*. In the excellent work now quoted, it would be 
placed in their second group of the climbing species. 
" B. Corolla infundibulif or mi ; calycis laciniis acutis. Sta- 
mina supra medium tubi inserta." But, in that section, 
there is not one species that agrees with it. 

Descr. The stems are climbing, and, in the old plants, 
probably of great length ; branches rounded, glabrous. 
Leaves in opposite, remote pairs, very large, from four to 
six or eight inches in length, nearly sessile, elliptical, sub- 
coriaceous, waved, acuminate, cordate at the base ; above 
almost glabrous, and strongly marked with deeply im- 
pressed, reticulated veins; beneath pale-coloured, decidedly 
downy, especially on the veins. Racemes axillary, of four 
to six very large and extremely showy flowers. Peduncles 
elongated, shorter, however, than the leaves. Pedicels 
about an inch long. Bracteas small, subulate. Calyx 
small, deeply cut into five slightly recurved, subulate, 
segments, tipped with red. Corolla between funnel-shaped 
and salver-shaped : the tube white, spreading upwards ; the 
limb flat, four inches across, beautiful rose-colour, deeper 
at the margins of the five, rounded lobes ; and with a very 
deep star-shaped eye. Stamens inserted above the middle 
of the tube. Glands two, each two-lobed, at the base of 
the germen. 

* Beiblatter zur Flora. 1841. Erster Band. 

Fig. 1. Tube of the Corolla laid open. 2. Pistil -.—magnified. 

( 3977 ) 



Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Rubiace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. tubus subglobosus, limbus 4 — 5-partitus, lobis ob- 
longis linearibusve acutis persistentibus. Cor. tubo cylin- 
drico vix apice subventricoso, limbo patente 4 — 5-lobo, 
lobis subrotundis. Antherce 4 — 5 in apice tubi inclusae, 
sessiles. Stigma bifidum. Capsula globosa calyce coro- 
nata bilocularis, ex apice dehiscens in valvulas 2 saepius 
apice fissas, unde saepe 4-valvis videtur, nunc loculicido- 
rarius septicido-dehiscens. Placenta centrales. Semina 
plurima minima ovato-angulata, saepe 2 tantum in loculo 
maturescentia. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Rondeletia (Pentamera) longiflora ; foliis lato-lanceolatis 
in petiolum brevem attenuatis acuminatis, margine re- 
flexo Yenisque utrinsecus 7 — 10 subtus prominulis 
scabro-strigillosis, axillis venarum barbatis, caeterum 
glabris, panicula terminali foliosa fastigiata, ramis 
cymoso-trifloris, corollas tubo bipollicari t'auce inflata, 
laciniis ellipticis acuminatis acutis. Cham. 

Rondeletia longiflora. Cham, in Linrnza, v. 9. p. 240. 

It is but a few months ago that we figured a Rondeletia 
(Tab. 3933) remarkable for its bright colours of red and 
yellow, a native of Havana and Mexico : and now there has 
recently been introduced to our gardens, through the exer- 
tions of Mr. Veitch of Exeter, a Brazilian species, with 
copious purple-blue flowers, which is no less worthy of cul- 

tivation in our stoves. It was sent with the subject of our 
preceding plate, by Mr. Veitch's Collector,, from the Organ 
Mountains, and though of much humbler growth, may 
almost rank with it in beauty. It flowered in August, 1842, 
in the stove of Mount Radford Nursery, and the blossoms 
have an agreeable odour, like that of the Auricula. 

Descr. Shrubby, branched : branches rounded, with 
two opposite, prominent lines. Leaves broadly lanceolate, 
two to three inches long, acuminate, entire, tapering at the 
base into a short footstalk, slightly scabrous. Stipules 
interpetiolar, cordate, aristate. Flowers collected in threes 
at the extremity of short branches, and three again spring- 
ing from a main branch, the whole forming a terminal, 
compound corymb, with copious flowers. Calyx-tube short : 
Segments linear, erect. Corolla salver-shaped, purplish- 
blue : the tube very long, slightly curved, and enlarged 
upwards. Limb of five, spreading, ovate, acute segments. 
Stamens five, a little exserted. Style nearly as long as the 
tube of the corolla. Stigmas two, linear, downy. 

Fig. 1. Calyx and Pistil '.—magnified. 

( 3978 ) 

Ipom^a Tweediei. Mr. Tweedie's 


Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Old. CoNVOLVULACEiE.) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-partitus, nudus. Corolla campanulata v. in- 
fundibuliformis, 5-plicata. Ovarium 2 — 3-locuIare, locu- 
lis dispermis. Stylus indivisus. Stigma capitatum, 2 — 3- 
lobum. Capsula 2 — 3-locularis. — Herbae volubiles, quan- 
doque erectce. Folia indivisa v. lobata, nunc pinnatifida. 
Semina in quibusdam comosa. Br. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Ipom^ea Tweediei; volubilis glabra, foliis cordatis acutis 
integerrimis basi profunde bilobis petioli longitudine, 
pedunculis axillaribus bi- unifloris, sepalis ovatis acu- 
tis imbricatis inaequalibus, corollae tubo elongato su- 
perne in limbum ampliato. 

A very pretty Convolvulaceous plant, sent some years 
a S°y by Mr. Tweedie, from woods of the Parana, to the 
Royal Botanic Garden of Glasgow. It is No. 120 of Mr. 
Tweedie's collections of dried plants. At the time the 
drawing was made, the structure of the stigma was neglect- 
ed to be observed. The genera of this family have lately 
been studied by Choisy, and the result of his labours, in 
part, laid before the public. That able Botanist keeps 
Convolvulus and Ipom^ea distinct; but Endlicher in his 
" Genera" unites them ; making of them, however, differ- 
ent sections, distinguished, the one (Convolvulus), by the 
le Stigmata linear i-cylindrica/' and the other (Ipom^ea), by 
the " Stigmata capitato-globosa." I think it will be found 
that our present plant belongs to the latter. 


Descr. Stems climbing, terete, glabrous, as is the entire 
plant. Leaves alternate, cordate, acuminate, entire, deeply 
two-lobed at the base, the lobes rounded, very obtuse. 
Petiole slender, about equal in length with the leaf. Pe- 
duncles solitary, axillary, an inch or more long, generally 
two-flowered. Calyx of five imbricated leaves, which are 
ovate, acute, unequal. Corolla scarcely more than an inch 
long, red-purple, with five pale, star-shaped lines, funnel- 
shaped, the tube gradually enlarging upwards into the five 
rounded segments or lobes of the moderately spreading 
limb Capsule globose, surrounded by the five imbricated 
sepals of the calyx. 


( 3979 ) 

Macleania angulata. Angled-flowered 


Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Erice2e. ) 

Generic Character. 
Cal. truncatus obsoletissime 5-dentatus, 5-alatus, inferne 
ovario adhserens. Cor. urceolata vel subcylindracea. Stam. 
10. Filamenta in tubum connata. Antherce basi affixae, 
dorso muticae, apice in tubum simplicem attenuates et ri- 
mula singula introrsum dehiscentes. Ovarium 5-loculare, 
multiovulatum. Bacca ? — Frutices habitu Thibaudiae vel 

Specific Name and Character. 

Macleania* angulata; foliis ovatis obtusis, ax ill is trifloris, 
corolla ovato-urceolata pentagona. 

In the ff Icones Plantarum," vol. 2. tab. 109, I esta- 
blished the Genus Macleania upon a very handsome shrub 
found by Mr. Mathews at Jambrosbamba in the Andes 
of Peru. In June, 1842, I was favored by Mr. Forbes 
with a second species of the same Genus, which had flow- 
ered in the stove of His Grace the Duke of Bedford, at 
Woburn, and which had been raised from seeds sent by 
Mr. M'Lean himself from the Peruvian Andes. It is an 
evergreen shrub of great beauty, and well deserving a 
place in every collection. 


* Named in compliment to John M'Lean, Esq., of Lima, a Peruvian 
merchant, who has rendered great service to Botany, by his own individual 
exertions, and by his patronage of the late Mr. Mathews. (See Lond. 
Journal of Bot. v. I. p. 393.^ 

Descr. A shrub, with rounded branches, and leaves 
which are alternate, ovate, somewhat coriaceous, entire, 
obtuse, on very short petioles, penninerved, two or Four of 
the lower, lateral nerves much longer than the rest, and 
running nearly parallel. The leaves on the young shoots 
are very delicate, and have a deep tinge of red. Flowers 
three together, from the axils of the leaves. Peduncles 
about an inch long, rather thickened, especially upwards. 
Lalyx cup-shaped, truncated, with five, obscure, mucro- 
nated lobes, and as many sharp, wing-like angles. Corolla 
nearly an inch long, bright red, the limb yellow. Its form 
is ovato-urceolate, with five prominent angles : the neck, or 
mouth, contracted, the limb of five, erecto-patent teeth. 
stamens ten. Filaments united into a thick, fleshy tube, 
which is broader upwards, and then again contracted where 
the anthers are set on. Amhers linear, slightly downy, 
tapering into a rather short, slightly incurved tube, which 
opens by a longitudinal fissure at the apex. Ovary united 
with nearly the whole of the calyx. Style almost as long 
as the corolla. Stigma capitate. 

J;i; )^Jfo£g?zg$t" of the filamentous Tube - * 


( 3980 ) 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — GesneriacejE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. tubus ovario adnatus, limbus 5-partitus lobis lanceo- 
latis. Cor. tubuloso-infundibuliformis basi hinc saepe gib- 
ba, limbo piano 5-fido, lobis subaequalibus subrotundis. 
Stam. 4 didynama, antheris non cohaBrentibus. Rudimenta 
stam. quinti corollae basi inferne impositum. Nectarium 
glandulosum angulare tenue. Stylus in stigma vix incras- 
satum obliquurn aut subbilobum abeuns. Capsula semibi- 
locul. bivalvis, placentis parietalibus subsessilibus. — Herbae 
Americana? erectte villosce. Folia opposita aut temo-verti- 
cillata petiolata dentata. Pedicelli unijlori axillares. Cor. 
coccinece aut purpurea multo quam Gloxinias minores. 
Radices saltern specierum rite cognitarum, bulbillis squamo- 
sis onusta?. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Achimenes* longiflora ; foliis 3 — 4-natim verticillatis ovatis 
oblongisve grosse serratis cauleque hirsutis, pedicellis 
unifloris calyce brevioribus, calycis laciniis lanceo- 
latis erectis corollas tubo 4-plo brevioribus, corollas 
limbo amplo patente. Benth. PL Hartw. p. 89. n. 

Achimenes longiflora. De Cand. Prodr. 7. p. 536. For- 
tune in Hort. Trans, v. 2. N. S. p. 508. t. 14. Lindl. 
Bot. Reg. 1842, t. 9. 


* A name given by Patrick Browne, of unknown origin. 

Dr. Lindley, in describing this species, after paying a 
well-merited compliment to the Horticultural Society of 
London for the many choice productions which it has heen 
the means of introducing to this country from all parts of 
the world, says of the plant itself, " More beautiful than the 
gayest of the stove herbaceous plants, as easy to cultivate 
as the commonest of perennials, more prodigal of flowers 
than the finest of the Gloxinias, ever blooming, except 
during the few mouths when it sinks into its winter rest, 
this Achimenes longifiora is an invaluable gift by the Society 
to every one who has a warm greenhouse." It has, indeed, 
only to be treated as the common Achimenes coccinea 
(better known as Cyrilla pulchella), and it will thrive as 
readily. Our plant, presented by the Horticultural Society 
to the Royal Botanic Garden, from which the present draw- 
ing was made, has been unceasingly flowering for a period 
of four months, and it is but now (October 4th) beginning 
to siuk into its state of winter rest. 

Descr. The roots of this plant are fibrous, proceeding 
from subterraneous, filiform stolones, which bear copious 
scaly buds, or new plants for the succeeding year. Stems 
purple, erect, herbaceous, one to two feet high, rounded, 
clothed with patent hairs. Leaves opposite, more generally 
ternately or quaternately verticillate, between ovate and 
oblong, acute or somewhat acuminate, serrated, hairy, paler 
and often purplish beneath. Flowers solitary, but one 
springs from the axil of almost every leaf. Peduncles short, 
about equal in length with the calyx. Calyx cut into five 
deep, lanceolate segments. Corolla salver-shaped. Tube 
very long and slender, gracefully curved, pale reddish 
purple. Limb very large, spreading, rich violet blue, pale 
and almost white beneath : this limb is cut into five broad, 
obcordate segments, with the lower segment (from luxuri- 
ance) frequently again divided, so as to present six seg- 
ments. Style and stamens included. 



( 3981 ) 

Maxillaria decolor. Pale-yellow 


Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — OrchidejE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium connivens, raro patens. Sepala lateralia 
cum basi producta columnar. Petala subconformia. La- 
bellum trilobum, cucullatum, sessile, cum basi producta 
columnar articulatum. Columna semiteres, aptera. An- 
thera subbilocularis. Pollinia 2, bipartibilia v. integra, 
caudicula brevi, glandula transversa. — Epiphytae (Ameri- 
cance) pseudo-bulbosce, acaules v. caulescentes. Folia pli- 
cata v. coriacea. Pedunculi radicates, axillares v. termi- 
nates, uni- v. multiflori. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Maxillaria decolor; pseudo-bulbis oblongis compressis, 
foliis solitariis oblongo-lanceolatis plicatis utrinque 
acuminatis, scapo radicali multifloro vaginato foliis 
breviore, sepalis ovato-oblongis obtusis patentibus, 
petalis duplo minoribus conniventibus, labello postico 
obsolete trilobo obtuso cucullato, callis 5 elevatis 
parallelis aequilongis ultra medium procurrentibus. 

Maxillaria decolor. Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1549. 

A native of Jamaica; drawn from a specimen which flow- 
ered in the stove of the Botanic Garden of Glasgow, in the 
spring of 1840. It possesses little beauty to recommend it, 
in comparison with other epiphytal Orchideous plants, and 
very much resembles our M. pallidiflora, figured at Tab 


2806 of this work ; but it may be readily known from it by 
the very different bulbs, and the callosities within the lip. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs clustered, elliptical, compressed, 
and more or less longitudinally wrinkled, bearing a solitary 
leaf at the apex, which is broadly lanceolate, membrana- 
ceous, striated and plaited, tapering below into a rounded 
stalk. Scape much shorter than the leaf, bearing a droop- 
ing raceme of several pale-coloured flowers. Sepals and 
petals nearly uniform, pale, rather dull ochreous yellow. 
Lip white, obovate, obscurely three-lobed ; within, on the 
disk, for nearly three-fourths of its length, having about 
five elevated lines or plates. Column and anther -case 
white. Pollen-masses yellow. 

Fig. 1. Lip. 2. Column. 3. Pollen-masses :— magnified. 

■ V/\'/. 

ii!>>\stun;,/ /:',■,■, r //,•,..'• /J,\'-/- 

( 3982 ) 
Saurauja spectabilis. Showy Saurauja. 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Ternstrcemiace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx extus ebracteolatus. Petala sepal is alterna basi 
plus minus inter se in corollam monopetalam coalita. Sta- 
mina nuinerosa, imae corollae adherentia. Anthera dorso 
insertae incumbentes nee adnatae. Styli 3 — 5 ex ovario 
distincti. Capsula 5-locularis. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Saurauja* spectabilis; ramis pedunculis calycibus folio- 
rum nervisque appresso-ferrugineo-setosis, foliis obo- 
vato-lanceolatis brevi-acuminatis basi cuneatis petiola- 
tis duplicato-serratis, axillis venarum nudis, paniculis 
amplis ramosissimis, petalis obcordatis calyce duplo 

This fine and undescribed species of Saurauja was raised 
by Mr. Knight, of the Exotic Nursery, King's Road, Chel- 
sea, from seeds, imported from the republic of Bolivia, in 
1838. One seedling only was reared, and this is now 
(1842) twenty inches high, bearing seven branches, with 
large and delicate foliage, and no less than thirty-seven 
panicles of fragrant flowers, such as that here represented ; 
some fully expanded, others coming in succession, so that 
its beauty is of long duration ; and we scarcely ever saw 
any stove plant more truly elegant and graceful. 

* So named by Willdenow, in compliment to some Botanist of the 
name of Saura jo, but who is otherwise unknown to fame. 

The Genus Saurauja seems to differ in no particular from 
Apatelia, De Cand., and Palava, R. and P., and the species js 
of which, twenty-six being' enumerated by Steudel in his • 
" Nomenclator" (to which may be added S. barbigera and 
/S.pedunculata lately figured in Hook. Ic. Plant. tab./31, 
J I and /T41 and /1 42), have a considerable resemblance one 
/ with another, and inhabit the tropical parts both of the Old 
and of the New world. Our species is, perhaps, most 
nearly allied to S. pedunculata; but differs in its foliage, 
panicles, &c. 

Descr. This fine plant would appear to attain to the 
size of a large shrub; its young: branches, peduncles, and 
petioles sparingly clothed with short, appressed, scattered, 
ferruginous bristles. Leaves from six and eight inches to a 
foot long, obovato-lanceolate, ctmeate below, shortly acu- 
minate at the apex, duplicato-serrate, glabrous, except on 
the principal nerves, which, on both sides, are beset with 
the same short, appressed, ferruginous bristles, which clothe 
the other parts of the plant, pale beneath. Panicles axil- 
iary, copious, very large, and many times branched. Flow- 
ers about three-quarters of an inch broad when fully ex- 
panded, exceedingly numerous and fragrant. Calyx of five 
ovate, spreading sepals. Corolla of five, spreading, obcor- 
date petals, united at their bases by means of the numer- 
ous stamens. Filaments subulate, with long, spreading 
hairs at the swollen base. Anthers opening with two 
oblique pores at the apex. Germen roundish, glabrous. 
btj/les 5. Stig?nas capitate. 

cXTaLpfcS* .V? °Vi e S etals and Stamens - 3 - Stamen. 4. 
Ualyx and Fistil. 5. Section of the Germen -.-^magnified. 

( 3983 ) 

Clematis c^erulea; /3. grandiflora. Violet- 
blue Traveller's Joy; large-flowered var. 

Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Ranunculace^:. ) 

Generic Character. 

Involucrum nullum aut calyciforme subflore. Sepala 
4 — 8 colorata. Petala nulla aut sepalis breviora. Caryop- 
sides oo in caudarn saepius barbato-plumosam productae. 
— Radices perenna. Folia exacte opposite. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Clematis ccerulea; scandens paten tim pilosa, foliis ternatis 
quinatisve (rarius simplicibus), foliolis longe petiolatis 
ovatis acutis integerrimis, pedunculis unifloris, sepalis 
6 lato-lanceolatis pallide purpureis subtus viridibus 
lato purpureo-marginatis. 

Clematis caerulea. Hortul. — Lindl. Bot. Reg. tab. 1955. 

((3.) grandiflora; floribus duplo majoribus. 

Professor Lindley has adopted a garden name for this 
plant, which, being a native of Japan, and introduced to 
the Horticultural Society of London (and by them liberally 
dispersed) through the medium of Holland, is, probably, 
so called by its discoverer, Dr. Siebold. The variety here 
figured is twice the size of that represented in the Botanical 
Register, and flowered in a pot in the greenhouse during 
the summer months. The species, however, proves hardy, 
and we have seen it blossoming profusely, trained against 
a wall, in the beautiful gardens of Mrs. Lawrence, at 

Ealing Park. _ 

° Descr. 

Descr. A slender, graceful, climbing plant, its petioles 
serving as tendrils. These petioles, as well as the young 
stems and branches, are clothed with patent hairs. Leaves 
rarely simple, ternate, or quinato-pinnate ; leaflets on long 
petiolules, ovato-acuminate, quite entire, with frequently 
three, nearly parallel, principal nerves, which are branched 
and reticulated. Peduncles solitary, single-flowered ; the 
flowers, in the present instance, five and six inches across. 
Sepals of a delicate lilac-blue colour, that is, blue with a 
considerable tinge of purple or lilac, not really blue (or 
caeruleous), beneath with a central green band. Stamens 
numerous ; filaments green ; anthers dark purple. 


( 3984 ) 

Mammillaria turbinata. Top-shaped 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Cacte^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calycis tubus ovario adhaerens ; lobi 5—6 colorati fruc- 
tum juniorem coronantes. Petala 5—25 a calyce vix dis- 
tincta, eo longiora et cum sepalis in tubum concreta. 
Stamina filiformia pluriserialia. Stylus filiformis. Stigma 
3 — 7-fidum radiatum. Bacca laevis oblonga. Semina nidu- 
lantia. Cotyledones minutas acuminata?. — Suffrutices car- 
nosi subrotundi aut cylindracei lactescentes aut succo limpido 
repleti, aphylli, tuberculis subconicis mammceformibus spira- 
liter dispositis, apice spinulas radiantes et tomentum demum 
deciduum gerentibus obtecti. Flores inter basin mammilla- 
rum sessiles, sepius in zonam transversam dispositi. Bacca 
obovata edulis } calyce mar cescente, demum deciduo,coronata. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Mammillaria turbinata; glauca, subrotunda vertice de- 
pressa basi contracta, mammillis obtusis conicis tetra- 
gonis apice umbilicatis, snpremis spinis 3 — * erectis 
acicularibus mammilla quadruplo longioribus, rehquis 

Mammillaria turbinata. Hortul. 

One of the most distinct of all the species of this numer- 
ous Genus, and not likely to be confounded with any other. 
It is, too, of rare occurrence in collections, and only known 
to us from having been received from the stoves ot Messrs. 
° Lee 

Lee and Kennedy at Hammersmith, where it bears the name 
here retained. It is, probably, a native of Mexico, and 
flowers with us in June. 

Descr. Our plant is as large as a moderately sized 
apple, globose, but depressed at the summit, and contract- 
ed at the base, of a singularly pale glaucous hue. At the 
contraction, the tubercles, or mammillce, are flattened, and 
lengthened out transversely ; the rest are prominent, sub- 
hemispherical, but obtusely quadrangular and umbilicated 
at the top, whence, in the upper ones, arises a fascicle of 
from three to five erect, slender, almost filiform spines, 
about four times the length of the mammillae ; the rest of the 
mammillae are spineless, the spines being deciduous. Flowers 
from the upper part of the plant, among the spine-bearing 
mammillae, of a moderate size, about an inch in diameter. 
The petals are of a pale yellow or straw-colour, on the 
outside tipped with red. Anthers and stigmas yellow. 

Fig. 1. 2. Mammillae, with Spines, from the upper part of the plant :— 


h dd* 

Rt& /•■• wm»d,Esset Dee ' 1 ' i#M. 

( 3985 ) 


Indian Cress. 

Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Tropjeole£:. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-partitus, lobo superiore calcarato. Petala 5 in- 
aequalia, 3 inferiora minora aut evanida. Stamina 8 ab 
ipsa basi libera. Carpella 3 suberosa reniformia indehis- 
centia hinc sulcata rotundata. Semina magna exalbumi- 
nosa, loculum suum implentia et hujus cavitati conformia. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Trop,eolum azureum ; foliis peltatis profunde 5-lobis, lobis 
lineari-lanceolatis obtusis, petalis unguiculatis lato- 
cuneatis bilobis serratis uniformibus patentibus, calycis 
petalis duplo minoris calcare conico brevi. 

TropjEolum azureum. Miers. 

It does not commonly happen, that Genera that have 
bright-red or orange-coloured flowers, also produce species 
with blossoms of a blue colour. Leschenaultia was, for a 
long time, only known to us with bright scarlet flowers, m 
the instance of the L. formosa. At length, Mr. Drum- 
mond sent from the Swan River Settlement a species bear- 
ing blue flowers. We have all been familiar with Trop^ola 
with red, orange, and yellow-coloured flowers and, recently 
tubers of a species with blue flowers have been received 
from Chili, and it has been the good fortune of Mr. V bitch, 
of the Mount Radford Nursery, Exeter to be the first to 
blossom both the blue Leschenaultia and the blue I rop*- 


olum. The latter, from which our present drawing was 
made, excited very great interest at the meeting of the 
London Horticultural Society on the 4th of October of the 
present year, 1842, and, after some high compliments had 
been paid to the successful cultivator, the Society's silver 
medal was awarded to Mr. Veitch, for this interesting addi- 
tion to our greenhouse plants. The tubers were sent over, 
only two months previously to the day of exhibition, from 
Chili, by Mr. Veitch's Collector, Mr. Lobb. I am not 
aware that a description is anywhere given of this plant ; 
but there is no reason to doubt its being the T. azureum of 
Mr. Miers' e( Travels." The species has not the gay ap- 
pearance that we are accustomed to see in the species of 
Indian Cress previously known to us : but it is a graceful 
and elegant plant, and with the foliage somewhat resem- 
bling that of T. tricolorum, it has flowers much more like 
those of the common violet. In the structure of the blos- 
soms, however, it very much resembles T. brachyceras 
(Bot. Mag. tab. 3851). 

Descr. Roots tuberous. Stems slender, herbaceous, 
much branched and twining, glabrous, as is every part of 
the plant. Leaves alternate, peltate, divided almost to the 
base into about five, lanceolate or linear segments ; their 
petioles cirrhiform. Peduncles flexuose, slender, longer than 
the leaves. Calyx of five deep, almost ovate, slightly 
spreading segments, tapering at the base into a short, coni- 
cal spur. Petals five, clawed, nearly equal, obcordate, vio- 
let-blue colour (deep violet when dry), emarginate and 
slightly erose. Stamens eight, oblique. Germen three- 
lobed. Style short, thick. Stigma dentate. 

Fig. 1. Calyx. 2. Flower cut open. 3. Pistil : — magnified. 

( 3986 ) 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Leguminos^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx bilabiatus, labio superiore majore semibifido ob- 
tuse Stamina omnia connexa. Legumen plano-compres- 
sum pedicellatum polyspermum margine utroque incrassa- 
tum. Semina strophiolata. — Frutices Australasici. Rami 
sape compressi. Folia nulla aut simplicia alterna. Flores 
fiavi, carina scepe purpurea autfusca. D C. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Bossi^a virgata ; glaberrima, ramis elongatis virgatis anci- 
piti-alatis alis submembranaceis adultis etiam foliosis, 
foliis petiolatis ellipticis liuearibusque, calycis dentibus 
rectis, leguminibus glabris. 

A Swan River species, detected and introduced to this 
country by Mr. James Drummond, by seeds, received by 
Mr. Murray in the Glasgow Botanic Garden, where the 
plant flowered in June, 1842. Specimens have also been 
sent over for the Herbarium, marked in Mr. Drummond's 
first collections, No. 56. The species, is, perhaps, most 
nearly allied to B. Scolopendrium, and to B. ensata; but 
may be known from both by its bearing leaves, and pretty 
copiously, at the same time with the flowers. These flowers 
are highly ornamental, and the plant has a very lively 
appearance when in blossom. I may mention too, that the 
wings of the stem are of a much thinner texture than in B. 

Descr. This seems to be rather a tall growing plant, 
with elongated, upright, twiggy branches, flattened and 


ancipitate, from the presence of two broad wings, which are 
not very thick nor rigid, but rather foliaceous, slightly in- 
dented where the leaves are set on. Leaves alternate, rather 
closely placed on the young branches, remote on the older 
ones, very variable in shape; some oval or even obovate, 
some elliptical, or cuneate, or linear, obtuse or acute, and 
even mucronated, of a thin and delicate texture jointed 
upon a short, slender petiole. Stipules minute, subulate. 
Flowers axillary, or from where a leaf has been, solitary, 
peduncled ; peduncle about as long as the flower, with two 
minute, nearly opposite bracteas. Calyx obovato-cyliudri- 
cal, tapering into the peduncle, two-lipped, upper lip singu- 
larly truncate with two teeth, lower of three subulate, nearly 
equal, straight teeth. The corolla is beautifully variegated 
with red and yellow. Standard orbicular, emarginate, with 
a pale yellow spot in the centre, surrounded by a deep red 
stain, which gradually melts into the orange. Wings red, 
yellow at the base and claws. Keel yellow-red at the very 
obtuse apex. Filaments white. Anthers yellow. Imma- 
ture legumen glabrous. 

Fig. 1. Calyx and Stamens. 2. Standard. 3. One of the Wings. 4. 
Keel : — magnified. 

Note on Alstrcemeria psittacina ; var. Errembaulti, 

Tab. 3944. 

By the Hon. and Very Reverend the Dean of Manchester. 

A letter from Mr. Vanhontte of Ghent informs me, that this plant 
was raised hy Mr. Errembault du Mesnil, at Tournay, from seed, 
sent to him from England, by Sir — — O, meaning, doubtless, 
Lady of Mitcham, from whose garden Alstrcemeria harman- 
tha, var. pilosa, was figured, Bot. Reg., 1410. The hybrid production 
must, therefore, have been accidental, and it may possibly have been 
obtained from that plant by pollen of A. psittacina, the colour being 
discharged, through the weak and sickly constitution of the plant. 
Crosses raised two different years from A. aurea, by pulchra, at Spof- 
forth, have curled leaves, and show no disposition to flower, and half 
of them have died. The name, it seems, should be spelt Errem- 
baulti. W. H. 

( 3987 ) 

Lathyrus nervosus. Nerve-leaved 
Lathyrus; or Everlasting Pea. 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Leguminos^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx campanulatus 5-fidus, lobis 2 superioribus brevio- 
ribus. Corolla papilionacea. Stamina diadelpha. Stylus 
complanatus, apice dilatatus, antice villosus aut pubescens. 
Legumen oblongum, polyspermum, bivalve, 1-locuJare. 
Semina globosa aut angulata. — Herbae scepius scandentes. 
Stipulas semisagittata? . Petioli apice in cirrhum ramosum 
abeuntes. Poliola 1 — 3 juga. Pedunculi axillares. DC. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Lathyrus nervosus ; glaberrimus, caulibus scandentibus 
acute angulatis striatis, foliis unijugis elliptico-ovatis 
acutis mucronatis nervosis internodio Iongioribus cir- 
rhis elongatis bis trifidis petiolis brevissimis, stipulis 
semisagittato-triangularibus nervosis, pedunculis mul- 

Lathyrus nervosus. Lam. Diet. 2. p. 708. De Cand. Prodr. 
2. p. 370. Spreng. Syst. Veget. 3. p. 263. Vogel, in 
Linncea, 13. p. 32. 

Lathyrus trigonus. Vogel, in Linn&a, 13, p. 31 (fide 
Herb. nostr.J. 

A handsome and very desirable greenhouse plant, dis- 
covered by Cameron, in rocky places, at Monte Video. 
Sellow gathered it in the same locality, and it appears, in a 
memoir of some Leguminosss of South Brazil, in the thir- 
teenth volume of the Linncea, by the late lamented Dr. 


Vogel, both under the name ofnervosus and trigonus. Mr. 
Tweedie has the credit of introducing the living plant 
to our gardens, having sent seeds to His Grace the late 
Duke of Bedford, from Puerto Bravo, in South Brazil. If 
trained neatly to a trellis in a pot, this makes a very pretty 
appearance in the greenhouse, with its glaucous foliage and 
large blue flowers. We learn that, in summer, it flowers 
well m the open border. 

Descr. Lamarck describes the stems as one foot long in 
its native state. In cultivation, they attain a length of two 
and more feet, and are rather stout, triangular, and striated. 
Leaves glaucous-glabrous (as is every part of the plant,) 
unyugate; leaflets elliptical-ovate, mucronate, many-nerved, 
with the nerves prominent, especially in the dry state, lon- 
ger than the mternodes in the upper part of the stem. 
Petioles very short, almost none. Tendrils very long, gene- 
rally twice divided in a trichotomous manner. Stipules 
nearly two-thirds the size of the leaflets, ovato-triangular, 
semisagittate, resembling the leaflets in texture and vena- 
tion. Peduncle axillary, as long as the tendrils, many- 
Howered. Flowers large, handsome, pale purplish-blue. 
^atyx with five teeth, two-lipped, upper lip shortest, biden- 
tdte lower one with three subulate teeth, of which the 
middle one is much the longest. The pod is described as 
two inches and a half long, linear, glabrous, containing 
seven or eight seeds. ° 

V^-^'et™™' ^ PlStlL 2 ' Standard of the Corolla - a 


"Pub tii ?. Curtis OiaxenMfoocL l-'.-y, c TarPUStS 

( 3988 ) 
Diospyros Sapota. Sapota Date-plum. 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Ebenace^b. ) 

Generic Character. 

Flores polygami. Calyx profunde 4-rarius 3 — 6-fidus. 
Corolla hypogyna, urceolata, 4- nunc 3 — 6-fida. Masc. 
Stamina imae corolla; inserta, ejusdem laciniis dupla v. 
rarius quadrupla; filamenta duplicata, anthera lanceolatae. 
Ovarii rudimentum. Hermaphrod. F(em. Stamina effceta, 
pauciora. Ovarium 8 — 12 loculare. Ovula in loculis soli- 
taria, pendula. Stylus 2-plurifidus ; stigmata simplicia vel 
bifida. Bacca globosa, calyce patente demum reflexo sti- 
pata, plurilocularis, loculis monospermis. Semina inversa. 
Embryo intra albumen cartilagineum obliquus v. axilis, 
rectus; cotyledonibus foliaceis, radicula supera.— -Arbores 
vel frutices, inter tropicos crescente ; foliis alternis integer- 
rimis ; pedunculis axillaribus paucifloris. Endl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Diospyros* Sapota; foliis bifariis oblongo-lanceolatis obtu- 
siusculis basi atteuuatis glaberrimis, pedunculis in 
ramis iunioribus axillaribus, floribus senceis inasc.d- 
multiH.— hermaphr. 1-floris, corolla urceolato limbo 
5-lobo patente, florum hermaphr. stam. sub-16, stylo 
5-fido, bacca globosa subtetrasperma. 

Diospyros Sapota. Roxb. Flora Indica, v. 2. p. 060. 

Diospyros edulis. Loddiges' Cat. 

Sapotte Negro. Sonnerat, Voy. a la Nouv. hum. p. <*o. 
tab. 14, 15, et 16. In 

* From fa Jk. e , Jupiter, or the deity, and «,**«•*, *££' %£? 
of several species being eatable, may have given rise to so grand a name. 
VOT. \vi F 


In the rich and well cultivated collection of tropical fruits 
at Syon House, which has so long engaged the attention of 
the noble proprietor, this rare and very little known plant 
has produced ripe fruit, which is the more interesting, 
since, in the Calcutta Botanic Garden, whence it has been 
sent to Europe, Dr. Roxburgh informs us that, though it 
grows most luxuriantly, and blossoms in the hot season, it 
has never perfected its fruit. The Syon plant was received 
from Mr. Loddiges, who had it direct from the Calcutta 
Botanic Garden, and, as he informs me, under the name of 
edulis. There is, however, no such name in Wallich's 
Catalogue, nor among the many specimens of Diospyros 
sent by Dr. Wallich to this country : but I find it identical 
with Dr. Wallich's specimens of D. Sapota (Roxb.) in my 
Herbarium : — and this at once leads us to a knowledge of 
the history and native country of the plant. Dr. Roxburgh 
himself appears to have erred in this latter particular : for 
he states it to be a native of the Mauritius, because it was 
thence introduced, by the late Hyder Ally, into his garden 
at Seringapatam ; from whence, in 1804, Dr. Berry of 
Madras sent Dr. Roxburgh good specimens and the entire 
ripe fruit. Dr. Roxburgh most correctly refers it to the 
little known Sapotte-negro of Sonnerat's learned voyage, 
where the admirable figures of the flowering specimen 
and fruit, given in three separate plates, leave not a doubt 
on the subject. Again, on referring to Bojer's " Hortus 
Mauritianus," I find the " Sapotte-negro" is mentioned as 
an introduced plant. He calls it, indeed, D. decandra, Lam. 
(which can have nothing to do with it) ; but the name, in 
conjunction with his description of the fruit, " rond, un peu 
depnme, de la grosseur d'une pomme, noir a sa parfaite 
maturity et d'un g6ut assez agreable," clearly shows what 
plant he had in view. We must look, therefore, to Son- 
nerat tor the native country, and for the best, and, indeed, 
the only history of this plant. He had arrived at Lucon, the 
principal of the Philippine Islands, on which Manilla is 
situated, and his vessel had come to an anchor at Cavite, 

S V tl ^ te -,. at tl ^ L head of a b ay three leagues distant S. E. 
ot Manilla. Thence he made excursions to a small settle- 
ment near Culamba, where was a hot spring (69° of Reau- 
mur), m which were fish and aquatic animals, and where 
certain shrubs, whose roots penetrated the water, while the 
branches were saturated with the steam, were growing 
vigorously. « Quitting," he continues, « the villlge, tra- 
versed by the stream of hot water, as mentioned above, I 


pursued my way towards the East, and, after walking- three 
hours, found myself in an immense plain. The only inha- 
bited part, that I could see, consisted of a small village. A 
rill of clear, pure, and well-tasted water, proceeding from 
the summit of an adjacent mountain, traversed this village, 
and diffusing itself over the plain, increased its fertility. 
Wide fields were enamelled with flowers, whose varied hues 
and sweet perfume delighted alike the eye and scent. It 
were difficult for imagination to conceive a sweeter abode, 
and the inhabitants received me so kindly, and offered me 
so many marks of friendship, that, attracted also by the 
simplicity of their manners, I staid for some time in this 
happy spot. I investigated the productions of its fertile 
soil and gathered several plants, which sufficed to confer 
upon me the reputation of a skilful physician in the opinion 
of the inhabitants, who, fond of life, as all men are, and cre- 
dulous as to the means of prolonging it, quickly brought 
me their sick, and begged for medicines. Of these I order- 
ed but few ; but enquired what they were themselves in the 
habit of using, and found that the number of their remedies 
was small, their Pharmacopeia consisting of the seeds of 
Jambouk-medica*, with the oil extracted from the same 
fruit, and of Sapotta negro. They bruise the seeds and 
fruit of the Sapotta, and, mixing them with the oil, com- 
pose a kind of liniment, with which they rub their wounds, 
or that part of the body which is the seat of the pain." 

The fruit-bearing plant at His Grace the Duke of North- 
umberland's, is about ten feet high. Its flowers are pro- 
duced copiously in the autumnal months, and the fruit 
ripens in April of the following year. 

Descr. A tall, handsome shrub, with numerous, spread- 
ing, smooth branches and copious evergreen foliage. The 
leaves are alternate and bifarious, petiolated, oblong-lance- 
olate, subcoriaceous, six to eight inches long, glabrous, 
entire, penninerved, rather obtuse at the point, attenuated 
at the base. Petiole scarcely an inch long. Peduncles very 
short, axillary; those producing male-blossoms many-flow- 
ered ; those with perfect blossoms, single-flowered. Calyx 
ample, large, cut into five, deep, ovate laciniaB, whose mar- 
gins and sinuses are revolute, externally slightly silky. 


* The Jambouk-Medic A is the Tacamoka of the Isle of France, and is 
common at Madagascar, where the natives call it Foura, and also employ u 
in most of their remedies. Sonnerat. 

Corolla urceolate, thick and fleshy, twice as long as the 
calyx, and more silky, yellowish-white. Stamens about 
sixteen, in two ranks, arising from the base of the tube of 
the corolla. Pistil: Germen ovate, tapering into a short, 
thick style, with five erect stigmas : but the number appears 
inconstant. Fruit a large, globose berry, of an olive but 
yellowish-green colour when ripe, filled with a dark, soft, 
and paste-iike pulp. The flavour of this is agreeable ; but 
not so pleasant to the eye. Near the centre of this pulp are 
four or five cells, each containing a large, rather irregular, 
oval, compressed seed. Albumen between horny and fleshy. 
Embryo inverted, the radicle turned towards the hilum. 

Fig. 1. Calyx and Pistil. 2. Corolla laid open : magnified. 3. Fruit. 
4. Section of ditto : nat. size. 5. Seed, ditto. 6. Seed laid open : magnified. 




r I 

WFdJi- M L 


Rib bu 

( 3989 ) 

Callistemon pini folium. Pine-leaved 

Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord.— Myrtace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calycis tubus seinisphaericus, limbus 5-partitus, Iobis ob- 
tusis. Petala 5. Stamina numerosa, filamentis liberis elou- 
gatis, antheris incumbentibus. Stylus filiformis. Stigma 
capitatum. Capsula 3-locularis polysperma connaja et in- 
clusa calycis tubo incrassato et basi rarno adnato. — Frutices 
Novce Hollandia?. Inflorescentia Melaleuca. Stamina libe- 
ra Metrosideri. Folia elongata rigida alterna. D C. 

Specific Character and Sj/nonyms. 

Callistemon *pinifolium; foliis lineari-filiformibus acerosis 
rigidis mucronatis canaliculars tuberculato-scabris, 
calycibus glabris. 

Callistemon pinifolium. De Cand. Prod. v. 3. p. 223. 

Metrosideros pinifolia. Wendl." Coll. \.p.b3.t.26. Willd. 
Enum. p. 513. 

Metrosideros viridiflora. Cels. (not Sims.) 

A tall-growing shrub, or small tree, native of New Hol- 
land, and introduced to the Royal Gardens of Kew by the 
late Mr. Cunningham, many years ago : — so that our finest 
specimen has now attained a height of nine feet ; and pro- 
ducing its pale yellow-green flowers, as it does, among the 
dark foliage, at a season when the young tufts of leaves are 


* From xxios, beautiful, and <tt>j/**», a stamen; from the length and beauty 
of the copious stamens. 

of a lilac colour,, and of the most delicate feathery character, 
the appearance of the plant is very striking. Planted in a 
large tub, it stands out abroad the whole summer, and in 
winter is kept in a cool greenhouse. 

It flowers iu July. 

Descr. A small tree, with spreading, greenish-brown, 
angular branches. Leaves spreading, alternate, linear, fili- 
form, acerose, three to four or five inches long, the young 
ones forming tufts at the extremity of the branches, and 
sheathed at the base by several long, imbricated, membra- 
naceous scales. These young leaves are of the most deli- 
cate texture, waving with the slightest breeze, of a pale-lilac 
colour, and feathery from the copious soft hairs with which 
they are clothed. As they advance in age, the sheathing 
scales fall away, the hairs disappear, and the leaves become 
harsh, and dark green, grooved above, minutely granulated 
on the surface, and besides beset with numerous tubercles : 
the apex is rnucronated. Flowers copious, sessile, axillary. 
Calyx of four green, obtuse lobes, glabrous. Corolla ot 
four very concave, green petals, twice the length of the 
calyx. Filaments erect, four times as long as the corolla, 
numerous, yellow-green. Anthers yellow. 

Fig. 1. Germen and Calyx. 2. Petal. 3. 4. Upper and under side of 
portions of the Leaf : — magnified. 


'.Ub.fHf .. 

( 3990 ) 

Begonia coccinea. Scarlet-flowered 
Begonia ; or Elephant's Ear. 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — BegoniacEjE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Masc. Calyx o. Corolla polypetala, petalis plerumque 
4, inaequalibus. — Fcem. Calyx o. Corolla petalis 4 — 9, 
plerumque inaequalibus. Styli 3, bifidi. Capsula trique- 
tral alata, trilocularis, polysperma. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Begonia coccinea; foliis obliquis oblongo-ovatis acumina- 
tis carnosis sinuatis serratis rubro-marginatis, stipulis 
amplis obovatis concavis coloratis deciduis, paniculis 
nutantibus, floribus intense coccineis, masc. petalis 4 
rotundatis quorum 2 minimis, fcem. petalis 5 — 6 aequa- 
libus ovatis, capsula pyriformi, alis 3 aequalibus. 

Unquestionably the most beautiful of the many handsome 
species of Begonia now known to our collections, and, 
apparently, a very free flowerer. It was imported by Mr. 
Veitch of the Exotic Nursery, from the Organ Mountains of 
Brazil, that rich storehouse of vegetable beauties : being 
there detected by Mr. Lobb in 1841. It blossomed at Mr. 
Veitch's Nursery soon after it was received, namely, in 
April, 1842, when it was exhibited at the apartments of the 
Horticultural Society. When the plants become larger, 
and the blossoms, consequently, more copious, it will be a 
truly splendid species : and, like most of the Begonias, its 
flowers continue a long time in perfection. 
, Descr. The plant from which our drawing and descrip- 
tion were made, was scarcely a foot high, with a rather stout, 


knotted stem. Leaves alternate, very oblique, or inequi- 
lateral, between ovate and oblong, shortly acuminate, con- 
cave, very thick and fleshy, the margin sinuated and tooth- 
ed, bordered with red. Petioles scarcely an inch long : at 
the base of the upper ones are very large, concave, obovate, 
membranaceous, coloured stipules, which soon fall away as 
the leaves attain maturity. Peduncles axillary and termi- 
nal, rather short, red, bearing a dichotomous, spreading, 
and drooping panicle: its branches everywhere red, and 
with oblong, concave, red, deciduous bracteas. Flowers 
bright scarlet, exceedingly beautiful. Male flowers of four 
rounded, spreading petals, or sepals ; female, of five or six 
spreading, oblong-ovate, and equally-sized ones. Stamens 
and styles yellow. Germen and nearly-matureyrmV clavate, 
or narrowly pyriform, triangular, with three almost equal, 
projecting, and, below, decurrent wings. The germens 
and young fruit are both red. 

Fig. 1. Section of a Germen. 2. Female Flower ;— slightly magnified. 

/'///). /.r 

( 3991 ) 
Phajus albus. White Phajus. 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchideje.) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala et petala subsequalia, patentia, libera. Labellum 
sffipius cucullatum, cum basi columns adnatum, calcara- 
tum, integrum vel trilobum, saepius supra carinatum lamel- 
losum vel cristatum. Columna erecta, cum ovario continua, 
semiteres, marginata, elongata. Anthera 8-Iocularis. Pol- 
linia 8 subaequalia. — Herbas terrestres (Asiaticce), caules- 
centes vel acaules, foliis latis plicatis. Scapi radicates. 
Flores speciosi. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Phajus albus; caulescens, foliis oblongo-lanceolatis acutis 
subtus glaucis, sepalis petalisque oblongo-lanceolatis 
acutis subaequalibus, labello oblongo cucullato denti- 
culato apice rotundato, disco 5-cristato, calcare recti- 
usculo emarginato, (bracteis cucullatis herbaceis per- 
sistentibus imbricatis floribus aequalibus). Lindl. 

Phajus albus. Lindl. in Wall. Plant. Asiat. Rar. v. 2. t. 
198. Gen. et Spec. Orchid, p. 128. Bot. Reg. 1838. 
t. 33. 

This truly beautiful plant is stated by Dr. Wallich (to 
whom our stoves are indebted for its introduction), to be a 
native of trees on Mount Chandaghiry in Nepal, and in the 
neighbourhood of Sithet. The specimen here figured 
flowered in the Roval Botanic Garden of Kew, in July, 
1842. Like that represented by Dr. Lindlev, it differs from 
Dr. Wallich's figure, in the want of a yellow disk to 
the labellum. 


Descr. It is a caulescent species, with rather remote 
oblong -lanceolate, somewhat distichous leaves, striated, 
waved, and having long, sheathing bases, which clothe the 
entire stem. The raceme of flowers springs, as it were, from 
the sheathing base of the upper leaf, and is drooping. It 
consists of from six to eight large, delicate flowers, with 
large, concave, ovate, deciduous bracteas. Petals and 
sepals spreading, nearly equal, oblong-lanceolate, acumi- 
nate, white. Lip shorter than the perianth, oblong, the 
sides involute, the apex spreading and much waved and 
ciliated : the whole white ; but on the disk of the labellum 
are five longitudinal lines of soft, erect, short, purple spines. 
Column semicyliudrical, dilated upwards. Pollen-masses 
eight, yellow. 

Fig. 1. Column. 2. Pollen-masses. 3. Lip : — magnified. 


Vub.ty 1 Curtis (Sautm 

( 3992 ) 

Ilex Paraguayensis. Mate, or Para- 
guay Tea. 

Class and Order. 

Tetrandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Aquifoliace;E. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 4 — 5-dentatus, persistens. Petala 4 — 5, hypo- 
gyna (ex Kunth), sepalis alterna, hunc libera, nunc basi in 
corollam rotatam subcoalita. Stamina 4 — b, petalis alterna 
hyp°gy n a. Ovarium sessile, 4-loculare, stigmatibus sessili- 
bus 4 — 5 nunc distinctis nunc in 1 coalitis coronatum. 
Bacca 4 — 5-pyrena, nucleis oblongis apice umbilicatis 1- 
spermis. Semen inversum ; albumen carnosum. Embryo 
m apice nidulans. — Frutices sempervirentes, foliis scepius 
coriaceis, pedunculis multijloris, Jloribus hermaphroditis ra- 
rissime abortu dioicis aut polygamis. D C. 

Specific Character and Syononyms. 

Ilex* Paraguayensis; glaberrima, foliis cuneato-lanceo- 

latove ovatis obtusiusculis obtuse inaequaliter serratis 

interne integerrimis, racemis axillaribus paniculatis, 

pedicellis subumbellatis, calyce pubescente, drupis 

(siccis) suboctosulcatis. 
(«.) foliis latioribus fere obovatis. (Tab. nostr. 3992). 

Hook. Lond. Journ. of Bot. v. 1. p. 35. Tab. I. III. 
Ilex Paraguayensis. Lamb. Pin. Tab. II. cum descr. 

(1824). Spreng. Syst. Veget. cur. post. p. 48. (excl. 

Syn. St. Hil.) 
{£.) foliis minoribus superne angustioribus subtus saepe 

nigro-punctulatis. Hook. I. c. 
Ilex Mate. A. J. Gomes, in Herb. Lindl. 
(y.) foliis longioribus angustioribus sensim acuminatis fere 

oblongo-lanceolatis subtus copiose nigro-punctulatis. 

Hook. I. c. Tab. III. 


* According to Theis, this name is derived from ec, or ac, a sharp, 
acute point, in the Celtic language. 

Ilex Paraguariensis. Aug. St. Hil. Mem. du Mus. d'Hist. 
Nat. v. 9. p. 351. (1822) note. De Cand. Prodr. v. 2. 
p. 15. Aug. St. Hil. Voy. dans le district des Diamans et 
sur le littoral du Bresil et du Parag. v. I. p. xlj. 

If the plant here represented does not exhibit magnificent 
or splendidly-coloured flowers, it must yet be acknowledged 
to be a production of some public and commercial interest, 
since it has afforded for a century and a half, the common 
beverage of an equally large portion of the inhabitants of 
South America, as the Tea of China in the old World. Yet, 
strange to say, till within these few years, the plant has been 
quite unknown to Botanists, and all the plantations of it 
have been the property of one individual, the late celebrat- 
ed Dr. Francia, Dictator of Paraguay. There is not here 
space sufficient to enter into the history of this useful shrub; 
but it is of the less consequence, as all that I have been 
able to collect on the subject is given in the first volume of 
the " London Journal of Botany/ 5 p. SO and following- 
pages, accompanied by three plates, two representing the 
plant itself, and one the MaU-cup from which the infusion is 
drunk. In that Memoir, it is mentioned that the Glasgow 
Botanic Garden possessed a living individual of the Para- 
guay Tea. This has lately bloomed, in June, 1842, and it 
is from the flowering specimen, kindly communicated by 
my good friend, Mr. Murray, that the accompanying draw- 
ing was made. The Royal Botanic Gardens of Kew also 
now possess a growing plant, through the kindness of 
Messrs. Lucombe and Pince of Exeter. It may be cultivat- 
ed successfully in a warm greenhouse. Its native country 
seems to be Paraguay, but extending as far North as the 
Organ Mountains of Brazil. 

Descr. The plant here figured has attained a height of about six 
feet. It is everywhere glabrous. The leaves are opposite, petiolated, 
broadly obovate or nearly ovate, subcoriaceous, acuminated, serrated in 
the upper half, rather suddenly tapering at the base into the petiole, 
winch is little more than half an inch long. Peduncles axillary, gene- 
rally bearing three branches, and, at the apex of each branch, an um- 
bellate cluster of flowers. Calyx of four rounded lobes, downy on the 
outside. Corolla rotate, pale green ; the four lobes spreading. Sta- 
mens four, alternating with the lobes of the corolla. Germen depress- 
ed, concave in the centre, from which arises a short style, with an 
obscurely trifid stigma .—but, in this case, the pistil is, possibly, abor- 

Fig, 1. Flower and Flower-bud : — magnified. 


( 3993 ) 



Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Gesneriace<e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calycis tubus ovario adnatus, limbus 5-partitus, lobis lan- 
ceolatis. Corolla tubuloso-infuudibuliformis basi hinc saepe 
gibba, limbo piano 5-fido, lobis subaequalibus subrotundis. 
Stamina 4 didynama, antheris won cohaerentibus. Rudi- 
mentum stamin. quinti corollae basi inferne impositum. 
Nectarium glandulosurn annulare tenue. Stylus in stigma 
vix incrassatum obliquum aut subbilobum abeuns. Cap- 
sula semibilocularis, bivalvis, placentis parietalibus subses- 
silibus. — Herbae Americance erecta? villosee. Folia opposita 
aut terno-verticillata petiolata dentata. Pedicelli \-flori, 
axiltares. Corollas coccinea? aut purpurea multo quam 
Gloxinias minores. Radices, saltern specierum rite cogni- 
tarum, bulbillis squamosis onustce. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Achimenes multifiora; tota hirsuta, foliis petiolatis oppo- 
sitis ternisve ovatis acutis basi obtusis argute subdupli- 
cato-serratis, pedunculisaxillaribus 3 — 5-floris, calycis 
lobis linearibus hirsutis, corollae tubo infundibuliformi 
decurvo liuibi lobis rotundatis inferiore praecipue fim- 

(«.) corollas lobo inferiore solummodo fimbriato. 

Achimenes multifiora. Gardn. Herb. Braz. n. 3873. in 
Hook. Ic. PI. Tab. 468. 

(|3.) corollae lobis omnibus grosse fimbriatis. ( Tab. nostr. 

This very beautiful stove plant inhabits dry banks, in 
woods, on the Serra de Santa Brida, and near Villa de 

A ray os, 

Arayos, in the province of Goyaz, Brazil, and seeds were 
sent home from thence by Mr. Gardner, its discoverer. 
The plants flowered first at the Royal Botanic Garden of 
Glasgow, and then at Kew, where our figure was made. 
The autumn has been its season of blossoming with us, 
and it continues long in that state, a succession of flowers 
continually expanding. The fringe on the limb of the 
corolla is extremely variable. In the figure taken from the 
dried specimen in " lcones Plantarum" above quoted, the 
lower lobe is alone fringed, and that imperfectly. In our 
plant, all the lobes are deeply so. The whole habit of the 
species is so extremely like that of Gloxinia icthyostoma 
(Gardn. in Ic. Plant, t. 472), that it seems contrary to 
nature to place it in a different Genus; but Mr. Gardner 
observes that, the bifid stigma, and entire annulus of this 
plant, prove it to belong to Achimenes. 

Descr. An annual, according to Mr. Gardner ; every- 
where hairy, except the corolla. Stem simple, about a foot 
high. Leaves opposite, shortly petiolate, ovate, rather 
coarsely serrate. Peduncles axillary, solitary, bracteated, 
three-flowered. Calyx half-superior, five-cleft, the seg- 
ments broadly linear. Corolla nearly two inches long, deep 
lilac within, paler without, especially the lube : this latter is 
funnel-shaped, curved downwards, slightly gibbous at the 
base ; the limb oblique, of five nearly equal, rounded lobes, 
strongly fimbriated at the margin. Stamens four, didyna- 
mous, with the rudiment of a fifth : anthers cordate, united 
into a cross. Germen ovate, the free part hairy, surround- 
ed by an entire annular disk. Style about equal in length 
with the tube. Stigma clavate, bifid. 

Fig. 1. Pistil. 2. Stamens -.-—magnified. 


( 3994 ) 


Cunningham's Acronychia. 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Rutace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx brevis, quadripartitus, laciniis aestivatione imbri- 
catis. Corolla petala 4, ad basin disci hypogyni inserta, 
calyce majora, aestivatione valvata. Stamina 8, sub disco 
inserta, omnia corolla, alterna petal is opposita reliquis bre- 
viora. Ovarium sessile, basi disco carnoso, truncato, octa- 
gono, lasvi, adnatum, quadriloculare. Ovula in loculis 
gemina, angulo centrali infra apicem collateraliter inserta, 
amphitropa. Stylus brevissimus vel subnullus, ovario con- 
tmuus; stigma capitatum, quadrilobum. Fructus baccae- 
formis, subglobosus, quadriloeularis, sarcocarpio crasso, 
subcarnoso, endocarpio tenui, crustaceo, loculis abortu mo- 
nospennis. Semina in versa, nucumentacea, atra, dorso 
convexa, facie acuta; umbilico lineari. Embryo intra albu- 
men carnosum rectus; cotyledonibus ellipticis; radicula bre- 
vi supera. — Arbores vel arbusculas, in Asia et Australasia 
tropica et subtropica indigence ; foliis oppositis, petiolatis, 
simplicibus, integerrirnis, minutissime pellucido -punctatis, 
aromaticis, petiolo apice interdum tumido et subgeniculato, 
inflorescentiis axillaribus cymoso-paniculatis, pauci-multi- 
floris, folio brevioribus, petalis etfilamentis glanduloso-punc- 
tatis. Endl. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Acronychia* Cunninghami ; foliis oblongis utrinque acu- 
tis, cymis axillaribus, filamentis margine fimbriate cili- 
atis alternis brevioribus omnibus inferne in tubum 



* So named by Forsteb, from axp?, the top, or summit, and <w|, ow^w, 
:law, because, in the original species, there is an incurved point at the top 

a claw, because, in 
of the petals. 


A tall, handsome, evergreen shrub, a native of Moreton 
Bay, New Holland, where it was detected by Mr. Allan 
Cunningham, and by him introduced to the Royal Gardens 
at Kew, where it receives the ordinary treatment of green- 
house plants, and blossoms in the months of May and June. 
The flowers at first sight have a good deal the appearance 
of those of the Orange, and the odour bears a still greater 
resemblance to those much prized flowers ; but it is com- 
bined with the aromatic warmth of Ginger. The foliage 
when bruised diffuses a very terebinthaceous smell, arising 
from the numerous pellucid glands, with which it abounds. 
The Genus to which I have referred it, is the same with 
Cyminosma, Gjertn., (of which a species is given at Tab. 
3322 of the present work, the C. oblongifolia, A. C) and 
Jambolifera, Linn. ; and, at first sight, would seem to 
have as strong a claim to be referred to Aurantiace^ as 
to Rutace^e. Endlicher places it in the " Genera Xan- 
thoxylis affinia." Had it the beautiful and delicious fruit 
of the Orange, it would be equally worthy of cultivation. 
The fragrant and Orange-like flowers, will, however, always 
recommend it as a desirable greenhouse plant. 

As regards the species, it possesses, probably, much the largest 
flowers of any yet known to us, and by these, and the nature of the 
stamens, and the different forms of the leaves, it may readily be distin- 
guished from A. Endlickeri, and A. Baueri (from Norfolk Island), 
figured in Schott's " Rutaceae," Tab. 2 and 3. 

Descr. A shrub, with us about six or seven feet high, everywhere 
glabrous; the branches terete, green. Leaves opposite, or nearly so, 
petiolate, the blade articulated on the petiole, three to five inches long, 
oblong, coriaceous, entire, acute at both ends, penninerved and reticu- 
lated between the principal nerves, dark green above, paler and rather 
glossy beneath ; when held between the eye and the light, they are 
seen to be full of pellucid dots, which contain a fragrant, essential oil. 
Petiole from half an inch to an inch long, flat above, rounded beneath. 
Peduncle axillary, much shorter than the leaf, bearing a cyme of from 
three to five or six cream-coloured flowers. Calyx of four rounded, 
concave sepals, membranaceous at the margin. Corolla of four mode- 
rately spreading, ovate, thickish petals, four times as long as the calyx. 
Stamens eight, alternately longer, broadly subulate, the margins dense- 
ly ciliato-fimbriate, and so interwoven in the lower part of the filaments, 
that these latter seem below to be united into a tube ; but by a little 
force, they may be separated, and then it is seen that there is no actual 
union of the filaments. Germen subglobose, four-lobed, densely clothed 
with reddish hairs, four-celled, the cells two-seeded, the seeds, or 
ovules, collateral. This yermen is seated on a large orange-coloured, 
fleshy disk, four-lobed, the lobes again two-lobed. Style about as long 
as the stamens, white, filiform, with a few spreading hairs at the base. 
Stigma capitate, obscurely two- (or, perhaps, four-) lobed. 

Fig 1 Flower, from which the Petals are removed. 2. Pistil, and Glandular Disk. 3- 
Two of the Stamens. 4. Germen cut through transversely, showing ths arrangement of the 
Ovules in the Cells .—magnified. 


FT Fitch M* 

Pub. hi, S.Curtis (Maxmwood Essex Ftb»ll,W> 

( 3995 ) 

Gesneria polyantha. Many-flowered 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Gesneriace^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx ovarii basi adnatus, limbo subinaequaliter 5-partito 
jibero. Corolla tubulosa; limbo 5-lobo, lobis nunc in labio 
duo dispositis, nunc subsequalibus. Stamina 4 didynama, 
cum quinti rudimento. Anthera juniorescohaerentes. Sty- 
lus filiformis, stigmate capitato aut bilobo. Glandular pe- 
rigynffi 2 — 5. Capsula coriacea, bivalvis, valvis convexis, 
placentis 2 parietalibus polyspermis. Semina scobiformia. 
-^-Herbae perennes, radice tuberosa, rarius frutices. Cau- 
u's simplex aut opposite ramosus. Folia opposita aut verti- 
cillata, dentata. Pedunculi simplices unijlori, aut ramosi 
rnultiflori axillares aut in thyrsum racemumve terminalem 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Gesneria (Eugesneria) polyantha; herbacea, foliis oppo- 
sitis petiolatis amplis cordato-ovatis crenatis utrinque 
pubescenti-scabris, panicula tcrminali ramosissima, 
pediceliis (calycibusque) glabris elongatis gracilibus 
aggregatis, floribus pendulis, corollas glaberrimae tubo 
curvato sursum ampliato, limbo patente lobis rotun- 
datis subaequalibus, glandulis hypogynis 2 oblongis 

Gesneria polyantha. De Cand. Prodr. v. 7. p. 528. 

Gesneria discolor. Lindl. Bot. Reg. 1841, t. 63. 

Of the many beautiful Gesneria with which South Ame- 
rica has, of late years, enriched our stoves, (ew present a 


richer and handsomer appearance than the one now figured, 
of which roots were sent from the Organ Mountains of 
Brazil to Messrs. Veitch of the Mount Radford Nursery, 
Exeter, by their Collector, Mr. Lobb. The plants produc- 
ed their rich and copiously flowered panicles in August 
(1842), and from the first that blossomed the present draw- 
ing was made. The same species I find in Mr. Gardners 
rich Brazilian Collections from the same locality, marked 
No. 467 of his distributed plants : but my specimen bears 
the remark, " I found only a single plant of this species, 
growing on a rock, by the side of a small stream, far in a 
virgin forest, February, 1837." It is a tall growing species, 
and one of the leaves, exclusive of the petiole, is a foot 
long, and nine inches broad. 

Descr. The entire plant I have not seen, but it would 
appear to attain a height of some feet, with opposite, large, 
cordato-ovate, rather membranaceous leaves, with a rather 
deep sinus at the base, the apex rather obtuse, the margin 
irregularly crenate, the surface on both sides pubescent 
with numerous short hairs. The panicle is terminal, large, 
much branched, tinged with purple, glabrous, especially 
the secondary branches and pedicels, which latter are often 
aggregate ; at the setting on of the branches and pedicels 
are small, subulate bracts. Flowers drooping. Calyx gla- 
brous ; the tube almost wholly adnate with the base of the 
germen, the limb of five moderately spreading, ovate, acute 
lobes, tipped with red. Corolla two inches long, rich scar- 
let, the mouth with yellow rays, glabrous ; the tube curved, 
gradually enlarging upwards : the limb of five, spreading, 
nearly equal, rounded lobes. The free part of the germen 
is oblongo-ovate, a little constricted above the middle; it 
tapers into a style the length of the tube of the corolla. 
Hypogynous glands, two approximate, large in proportion 
to the size of the germen. 

Fig. 1. Pistil and Hypogynous Glands :— magnified. 


ti'Fibh, M? 

Pub. by S.Curtis SUnenwooZEssejcKb* IIM3- 

( 3996 ) 

Lath yr us pubescens. Downy South Ame- 
rican Lathyrus; or Everlasting Pea. 

Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — LeguminosjE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx campanulatus 5-fidus, lobis 2 superioribus brevi- 
oribus. Corolla papilionacea. Stamina diadelpha. Stylus 
complanatus, apice dilatatus, antice villosus aut pubescens. 
Legwnen oblongum, polyspermum, bivalve, 1-locuJare. 
Semina globosa aut angulata. — Herbae scepius scandentes. 
Stipulae semisagittatce. Petioli apice in cirrhum ramosum 
abeuntes. Poliola 1 — Sjuga. Pedunculi axillares. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Lathyrus pubescens ; superne molliter subsericeo-pubes- 
cens, caule quadrangulari anguste alato, foliis cirrhosis 
unijugis, foliolis oblongo-lanceolatis nervosis mucrona- 
tis petiolum duplo superantibus, stipulis semisagittato- 
ovatis petiolum subaequantibus, cirrhis trifidis, pedun- 
culis folium multoties superantibus multifloris, calyci- 
bus germiuibusque sericeis, dentibus calycinis lato- 
lanceolatis subaequalibus. 

Lathyrus pubescens. Hook, et Am. in Bot. of Beech. Voy. 
p. 21 . Hook. Bot. Misc. v. 3. p. 198. 

Lathyrus acutifolius ? Vogel, in Linneea, v. 13. p. 21. 

A hardy greenhouse plant, perhaps even able to bear 
cultivation entirely in the open border. It is grown, we 
believe, in several collections^ and was introduced by Mr. 
Tweedie from Buenos Ayres ; but whether it is found wild 
near that place, or only in the interior of the Argentine 


province, does uot appear. Mr. Baird gathered it. on islands 
in the Parana. If, as 1 suspect, it be the same with the L. 
acutifoiius of Vogel, it is also found in South Brazil. Dr. 
Gillies detected the plant about Mendoza; and it extends, 
we know, as far westward as Conception and Valparaiso on 
the shores of the Pacific. In general habit it is nearly 
allied to L. nervosus (Bot. Mag. t. 3987), the flowers being 
very similar, though the leaves are widely different. Trained 
in a pot, and placed in a cool greenhouse, it bears its large 
purplish-blue flowers in May. 

Descr. Stems two to three feet long, trailing, four- 
angled, the angles moderately winged. Leaves unijugate, 
glaucous ; leaflets narrow oblong-lanceolate, striated, hairy, 
almost silky, which is the case with all the upper part of 
the plant, acute and mucronate. Petiole half the length of 
the leaflets, at the base of which is a pair of ovate, semi- 
sagittate, striated stipules, nearly equal in length with the 
petiole. Peduncle axillary, many times longer than the 
leaves, bearing a capitate raceme of several flowers. Calyx 
and germen silky. The rest of the inflorescence is very 
similar to that of L. nervosus above mentioned. 

Fig. 1. Flower, from which the Petals are removed. 2. Pistil : — mag- 

■nrvod £ 

( 3997 ) 

EchItes hirsuta. Hairy-flowered 


Class and Order. 
Pentandria Digynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — ApocYNEiE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-partitus, laciniis intus squamula instructis. Co- 
rolla hypocrateriformis aut infundibuliformis, tubo plus 
minus elongato, limbo 5-partito, laciniis subinaequilateralis, 
fauce nuda. Stamina inclusa, antheris sagittatis, raro hasta- 
tis vel subcordatis. Ovaria 2, glandulis 5 hypogynis cincta 
aut superata. Stylus 1. Stigma capitatum. Folliculi 2, 
cylindracei, angusti, serninibus comosis. Mart, et Stadelm. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Echites hirsuta ; foliis late ovatis ovato-oblongis v. oblon- 
gis cuspidatis basi contracta auriculato-cordatis, race- 
mis lateralibus elongatis multifloris, corollas tubo ex- 
tus albo-villoso e medio infundibuliformi, limbi laci- 
niis obovatis hinc dente laterali longiusculo, folliculis 
semipedalibus subtorulosis hirsutis. Stadelm. 

Echites hirsuta. Ruiz et Pav. Fl. Per. p. 19. t. \36. 
Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 9. Veil. Fl. Flum. v. 3. t. 44. 
Stadelmeyer, Echit. Brasil. in Biebl. zur Flora, oder 
Bot. Zeit. 1841, Erst. Band. p. 1. 

The South American species of Echites are numerous, 
little known, ill-described : yet, I have reason to believe 
that this is correctly referred to E. hirsuta of Ruiz and 
Pavon, and that it is a species widely dispersed throughout 
South America, and especially frequent in Brazil. Less 
beautiful, unquestionably, than the E. splendens (Bot. Mug. 
1 tab. 

tab. 3976), it is yet a very handsome plant, bearing its deli- 
cate yellow and rose-coloured blossoms of a large size in 
the month of September, in the stove of Messrs. Veitch of 
Exeter, where alone, we believe, it at present exists in this 
country. It was sent by their Collector, Mr. Lobb, from 
the Organ Mountains of the Brazils, during the preceding 
year, and is a highly valuable acquisition to our hothouse 

Descr. A twining Shrub, with downy and terete branches. 
Leaves opposite, petioled, oblong-obovate, cuspidato-acu- 
minate, entire, slightly waved at the margin, somewhat 
contracted at the base, and auriculato-cordate, slightly 
downy above, beneath almost hairy, especially upon the 
veins and midrib. Petiole about an inch in length, downy, 
terete. Peduncle axillary, scarcely so long as the leaf, stout 
in proportion to its length, the upper half constituting a 
raceme of flowers, large and handsome. The lower blos- 
soms, at least in this country, fall away as the corolla with- 
ers, leaving a toothed rachis. Pedicels very short. Calyx 
five-partite, the segments subulate. Corolla between funnel- 
shaped and rotate, sulphur-yellow, the faux delicate, stri- 
ated with deep rose colour : the tube hairy on the outside, 
gradually enlarging upwards ; the limb spreading, nearly 
horizontally, in five broadly-obovate, waved lobes, ob- 
liquely imbricated, and bearing a tooth on one side. Sta- 
mens situated near the summit of the tube. Germen sur- 
rounded by hypogynous glands. Style slender, filiform, as 
long as the tube of the corolla. Stigma umbraculiform, 
with five angles. 

Fig. 1. Tube of the Corolla laid open, showing the Stamens. 2. Stamen. 
3. Pistil : — magnified. 


HJ> bus Curtis GU*smm&Essn F*k* /Ami 

( 3998 ) 

Cattleya labiata. Crimson-lipped 


Class and Order. 
• Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchidejs.) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala membranacea vel carnosa, patentia, aequalia. Pe- 
tala saepius majora. Labellum cucullatum columnam iii- 
volvens, trilobum vel indivisum. Colnmna clavata, elon- 
gata, semiteres, marginata, cum labello articulata. Anthera 
carnosa, 4-locularis, septorum marginibus membranaceis. 
Pollinia 4, caudiculis totidem replicatis. — Herbae epiphytes 
(Americana) pseudo-bulbos<e . Folia solilaria vel Una, cori- 
acea. Flores terminates, speciosissimi, scepe e spatha magna 
erumpentes. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cattleya labiata; pseudo-bulbis sulcatis, sepalis oblongo- 
lanceolatis, petalis lato-ellipticis undulatis, labelli obo- 
vati obiusi indivisi lamina su peine tota coccinea. 

Cattleya labiata. Lindl. Coll. Bot. t. 33. Hook. Exot. Fl. 
tab. 157. Lodd. Bot. Cab. t. 1856. Lindl. Gen. et Sp. 
Orchid, p. 1 16. Bot. Reg. t. 1859. 

Dr. Lindley, whose judgment, especially in all that con- 
cerns Orchideous plants, is entitled to the highest respect, 
has pronounced the C. Mossia of our Bot. Mag. tab 366y 
to be a mere variety of his C. labiata. He may be right, and 
if tried by the same standard, a considerable number ot 
Orchideous plants will have to be abolished ; for there is no 
question that, in a state of cultivation at least, plants ot 
this family are liable to very great variation. We had, 

indeed, looked upon the very large size of the blossoms in 
C. Mossiee as one of the marks of specific distinction, when 
compared with C. labiata : but, in the present instance, by 
skilful management, the true C. labiata presents flowers 
nearly, if not quite, equal in magnitude to those of C. 
Mossias; but the uniform deep blotch on the lamina of 
its labellum remains unaltered. We are indebted to Mr. 
Moss, of Otterspool, for the present splendid specimen, 
which he received from Trinidad ; but it had been sent to 
that island from the Spanish Main. The species is too well 
known, and has been too often described, to require any 
further elucidation than that afforded by our figure. 

We are requested by the Very Reverend the Dean of Manchesteb 
to insert the following in some vacant space. 


Supra ad calcem N. 3867, fol. 2, dele in Occidente colles Hispania 
usque ad Gijon et Santander. 

Post ideoque bifiorus gaudet, insere 
3. Asturicus; Herbert. Autumnalis, cormo ut in Pyrenaso (paral- 
lelo-fibroso stolonifero) minore, spatha pallida herbacea £ unc. 
humo exserta, tubo purpureo infra pallidiore spatham 1| unc. 
superante, limbo l£ vel 1-^ unc. purpureo, laciniis ad basim (se- 
paus preecipue) saturates tristriatis, petalis f unc. latis barba ad 
basim densa pallida, sepalis -fr unc. latis, filamentis albis ori ipsi 
insertis ■& unc. anthens aureis ultra f unc, stylo aurantiaco mul- 
tindo anthens breviore, primulam leviter redolente. Nascitur in 
colhbus Astunaprope « Gijon" et " Santander." Floruit Spof- 
jorthiai, JMov. 2, 1842, Pyrenaeo affinis, mense et plus mense serior, 
omni parte minor, colore saturatiore, fauce barbata filamentis ori 
insertis, Sfc., secernendus. 

Pro 3. Serotinus; lege 4. Serotinus; et numeros specierum usque 
N 3954 fof T ^ COrrige — Res P ice etiam corrigenda et addenda, 

C.Imperatorianus; supra in Crocorum Synopsi (ad calcem N. 3867. 
tol. 2.).— Dele omnia quae de habitatione varietatis albiflori dicte Mmbo 
albo sepahs stamineis estriatis prsedicantur, errore non meo, sed amici 
cujusdam botanic! dm m Italia commoranti. Varietatem esse fortuitam 
raro inter hlacmos legendam monet CI. Tenore. W. H 

( 3999 ) 
Fuchsia alpestris. Mountain Fuchsia. 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Onagrarle. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calycis tubus basi ovario adhaerens, superne productus in 
tubum cylindraceum 4-lobum post anthesin articulatim de- 
ciduum. Petala 4 summo tubo inserta lobis alterna, rarius 
o. Stamina 8. Ovarium glandula urceolata coronatum. 
Stylus filiformis. Stigma capitatum. Bacca oblongo- aut 
ovato-globosa 4-locularis 4-valvis polysperma. — Frutices. 
Folia s<zpius opposita. Pediculi axillares \-jlori, interdum 
ad apices ramorum racemosi. Flores scepius nutantes, rubri 
rarius albi, interdum b-Jidi 10-andri. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Fuchsia alpestris; caule tereti subscandente, ramis dense 
pubescentibus, foliis oppositis petiolatis oblongo-lan- 
ceolatis basi rotundatis acuminatis margine subrevo- 
lutis vix dentatis utrinque petiolisque pubescentibus, 
stipulis interpetiolaribus inembranaeeis demum de- 
flexis, pedunculis axillaribus solitariis unifloris, laci- 
niis calycinis lanceolatis acuminatis petala cuneata 
duplo longioribus, bacca oblonga quadrangularis. 

Fuchsia alpestris. Gard. Herb. Brasil. n. 5706. 

Sent, in August, 1842, from the Glasgow Botanic Garden, 
by the able Curator, Mr. Murray, together with the fol- 
lowing history and description from the pen of Mr. 

This very distinct species of Fuchsia I found during my 
last visit to the Organ Mountains, growing in moist, bushy, 
rocky places, at an elevation of upwards of five thousand 


feet ah i\e the level of the sea. A plant of it, which I 
brought home alive with me last year, has been in flower for 
some time in the Glasgow Botanic Garden, and I am in- 
debted to Miss Murray for the characteristic figure which 
accompanies this description. It differs from P. integri- 
folia, St. Hil., (see Bot. Mag. t. 3948,) in having narrower 
and more acuminated leaves, smaller and paler coloured 
flowers, besides being nearly all over densely pubescent, in 
which latter respect it agrees with P. montana, and P. pu- 
bescens of St. Hilaire, but they are otherwise very distinct 
species. Prom the elevation at which it grows, I have no 
doubt that it will succeed better in the greenhouse than in 
the stove. 

Descr. In its native place of growth, the plant has a 
rambling, subscandent habit, the branches being sometimes 
twelve to eighteen or twenty feet in length. The branches 
are round, and densely pubescent. The leaves, both in the 
wild and cultivated plant, are opposite, never ternate, ob- 
long-lanceolate, acuminate, their margins slightly revolute 
and distantly subdentate, pubescent both above and below, 
the younger ones with a reddish tinge throughout, which, in 
the older foliage, is confined to the margins, the midrib, and 
the larger veins on the upper surface, but is very conspicu- 
ous on the under surface and petioles, in length they are 
trom two and a half to four and a half inches, and from ten 
to eighteen lines broad; petiole four to six lines long, pubes- 
cent, rounded below, above channelled. Pedicels solitary in 
the axils of the upper leaves. Flowers, including the sta- 
mens, from an inch and a half to two inches long, of a pale 
crimson colour. Calycine segments acuminated, and slightly 
renexed. Petals broadly cuneate, obtuse, deep purple. 
stamens much exserted, of the same colour as the calyx. 
Myle longer than the stamens. Stigma clavate, bilobed. 
trermen oblong, smooth, green. Fruit oblong, quadran- 
gular, of a dark purple colour when ripe. G. Gardner. 


( 4000 ) 

Fuchsia corymbiflora. Cluster-flow- 
ered Fuchsia. 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Onagrari^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calycis tubusbasi ovario adhaerens, superne productiis in 
tubum cylindraceum 4-loburn post anthesin articulatirn 
deciduum. Petala 4 summo tubo inserta lobis alterna, 
rarius o. Stamina 8. Ovarium gland ula urceolata coro- 
natum. Stylus filiformis. Stigma capitatum. Bacca ob- 
longo- aut ovato-globosa 4-locularis 4-valvis polysperma. 
— Prutices. Folia scepius opposita. Pediculi axillares 
\-flori, interdum ad apices ramorum racemosi. Flores sce- 
pius nutantes, rubri rarius albi, interdum b-jidi, 10-andri. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Fuchsia corymbifiora ; pubescens, foliis oppositis ternisque 
petiolatis ovato-oblongis acuminatis reticulatim veno- 
sis, corymbis longissimis terminalibus pendulis, pedi- 
cellisbasifoliolosis, calycis tubo longissimo infundibu- 
liformi laciniis acuminatis reflexis, petalis acuminatis 
staminum longitudine. 

Fuchsia corymbiflora. Ruiz et Pav. Fl. Peruv. 3. p.Hl. 
t. 32b. f. a. De Cand. Prod. v. 3. p. 39. Spreng. Syst. 
Veget. 2. p. 235. 

Commenced in the year 1786 —it may be said of the 
" Botanical Magazine/' what, assuredly, can be said o no 
other periodical work of descriptive Natural History, that 


it has run a course of unprecedented length, appearing in 
monthly numbers with the utmost regularity; and, notwith- 
standing the injury it has sustained by a host of rival publi- 
cations, the majority of which have been but of ephemeral 
duration, it has maintained its ground, we trust we may 
say, with undiminished usefulness, and with increased beauty 
of execution, through a period of fifty-seven years ! In this 
extended work has been given a mass of Botanical and 
Horticultural information, accompanied by four thousand 
coloured plates, which, as has been justly said by a most 
competent judge* of the earlier volumes, have " more 
diffused a taste for unsophisticated nature and science than 
any other publication." u It was designed," the same 
author continues, " to be a general depository of garden 
plants, whether previously figured or not in other works ; 
but it has often had the advantage of giving entire novelties 
to the public, and it is in every respect worthy of its author. 
Its sale has been extensive beyond all former example, and 
it has rewarded its contriver with pecuniary emolument, as 
well as with merited celebrity, and is still continued with 
unabated utility." This was written in 1819 :— the latter 
part of the sentence we trust is still not undeserved : we 
wish we could say that the surviving heirs of the family of 
Mr. Curtis, to whom the copyright devolved, now derived 
equal advantage from it : for, assuredly, as this kind of 
work originated in the late Mr. Curtis, and led to the 
numerous imitators who have followed in his wake, and 
was commenced with so much energy and taste ; so, nei- 
ther, has anything been wanting on the part of the pre- 
sent proprietor to make it still equally worthy of the 
public patronage. 

The splendid plant here represented has now been for 
some time known in our gardens; but is not on that 
account the less deserving a figure in the present work, nor 
of the high number of plates to which the work has at- 
tained. It is the most splendid of all our known species 
of Fuchsia, office growth, and a ready and constant flow- 
erer except m the winter months, when, in the greenhouse 
at least, it loses most of its foliage, and has a shabby 
appearance : but, in the spring, it is rapidly clothed again 
with leaves, and the plants may then be put into the open 


r lu ir I AM f f E A Smitii » m hl * Memoir of Mr. Samuel Curtis, in Rees' 
Cyclopedia, Art. Curtis. 

border with safety, and are soon loaded with their pendent, 
copious, large, and graceful flowers. 

Till recently, the species was scarcely known but by 
the figure of Ruiz and Pavon, its original discoverers, who 
found it at Chincao and Muna, in Peru. It has probably 
an extensive range in the Andes of Peru ; for I possess fine 
native specimens, gathered by the late Mr. Mathews in 
Chacapoyas, and a very nearly allied species, or, probably, 
a variety, from the western side of the great volcano of 
Pichincha, in Columbia, collected by Dr. Jameson. 

Descr. With good management, this plant attains a 
height, with us, of four or five feet, its new branches soft 
and succulent, and, as well as the petioles, deeply tinged 
with purple. The leaves are large, sometimes a span long, 
between ovate and oblong, acute at both ends, obscurely 
serrated at the margin, downy, especially beneath ; above, 
the nerves are deeply impressed, and the primary lateral 
ones are united by transverse ones, so that the surface may 
be said to be reticulated. Peduncle terminal, long, grace- 
fully drooping among the leaves, bearing a corymb of 
numerous large, red flowers. Pedicels slender, with a small 
leaf at the base of each, racemose, the lower ones elongat- 
ed, so that the flowers form a corymb resembling a tassel 
of rich scarlet flowers. Tube of the calyx very long, 
funnel-shaped; the segments acuminated, at length re- 
flexed. Petals deep red, lanceolate, acuminate, spreading. 
Stamens about as long as the petals, rather shorter than 
the style with its capitate stigma. Germen oblong, be- 
coming a berry of a rich purple colour, by no means 
unpleasant in taste, the flavour a good deal resembling that 
of well ripened figs. 

( 4001 ) 




Class and Order. 

Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium (candidum) sesquipollicare, cylindraceo- 
connivens, laciniis omnibus lineari-oblongis curvis canali- 
culatis obtusiusculis. Labellum cucullatum, trilobum, cum 
columna omnino parallelum, basi inarticulatum ; lacinia 
intermedia retusa flavescente disco luteo-glandulosa, latera- 
libus ovatis brevioribus violaceis ; axi elevata pubescente. 
Columna late alata, obtusa, carnosa. Anthera 2-locularis, 
longitudiualiter dehiscens, dorso conica et cum columna 
articulata. Pollinia duo, reniformia, postice excavata, in 
glandulam latam triangularem membranaceam sessilia. — 
Herba parasitica, caulescens, ebulbis. Folia disticha, ob- 
longo-linearia, emarginata. Spica terminalis, disticha, flex- 
uosa, multiflora, longe pedunculata, bracteis brevissimis, 
rigidis, dentiformibus. Lindl. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Bromheadia * palustris. 

Bromheadia palustris. Lindl. in Wall Cat. n. 7561. Misc. 

Bot. Reg. 1841, p. 89. 
Grammatophyllum Finlaysonianum. Lindl. Gen. et bp. 

Orch.p. 173. 

We owe the possession of a fine flowering specimen of 
this in Kew Gardens, and from which our drawing was 


* So named by Dr. Lindley, in compliment to Sir Edward French 
Bromhead, Bart., F. R. S., " whose investigations of the natural affinities 
of plants are well known to systematic Botanists." 

made, to His Grace the Duke of Northumberland. It has 
flowered likewise with J. D. Llewelyn, Esq. of Penllegar, 
who received the living plants from Mr. Cuming, with the 
memorandum, as Dr. Lindley assures us, that they were 
dug out of a bog in Sumatra: — a strange habitat for a 
plant of this kind ; but which has given rise to the specific 
name. It was, however, many years ago, detected at Sin- 
gapore by Mr. Finlayson ; and from his imperfect speci- 
mens it was, firstly, referred by Dr. Lindley to Grammato- 
phyllum; and, afterwards, when the structure of the flowers 
was known from living specimens, it was deemed worthy to 
constitute a new Genus. It is a tall growing, graceful 
plant, with very delicate flowers. 

Descr. Roots consisting of stout, fleshy fibres. Stem 
three and four feet high, terete, erect, below clothed with 
long, sheathing, striated scales, there leafy, with a few dis- 
tichous, oblong, fleshy or rather coriaceous, obtuse, faintly 
striated leaves: — above naked again, in what may be called 
the terminal peduncle, which is also beset with sheathing 
scales. This peduncle bears two or three spikes, densely 
clothed with short, sheathing, distichous, imbricated herba- 
ceous, tooth-like scales. From each of these scales a flower 
proceeds. Sepals and calyx white, oblong-acuminate, nearly 
equal, spreading, concave. Lip parallel with the column, 
oblong, canaliculate, three-lobed, the side lobes involute, 
white externally, within streaked with purple, and having a 
pulviuate, oblong disk : the intermediate lobe is rounded, 
acute, yellow in the middle. Column elongated, semi- 
terete, the margin sharp and winged. Anther sunk in the 
apex of the column. Pollen-masses on a large, triangular 

( 4002 ) 

Lobelia splendens; var. /3., atro-sanguinea. 
Shining Lobelia; dark purple-leaved var. 


Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Lobeliace^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Corolla tubo hinc fisso (raro integro) ; limbo 5-partito. 
Anthera connatae. Stigma bilobum (nunc indi visum). Cap- 
sula bilocularis (raro trilocularis), apice supero bivalvi. — 
Herbae vel Suffrutices, plerceque lactescentes. Folia alterna, 
integravel laciniata, raro jistulosa. F lores race?nosi, ter- 
minates vel axillares, solitarii, pedicellis bibracteatis vel 
nudis. Anthers sapius barbatce. Br. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Lobelia splendens; glabra, caule erecto simplici, foliis ses- 
silibus lanceolatis acuminatis denticulatis, racemo ter- 
minal^ bracteis lanceolatis acuminatis dentatis pedi- 
cello longioribus, tubo calycis hemisphaerico, lobis 
linearibus acuminatis tubo corollas glabrae subaequa- 
libus, antheris dorso glabris infer. 2 apice barbatis. 
De Cand. 

Lobelia splendens. Willd. Hort. Berol. t. 86. Ker, Bot. 
Reg. t. 60. Humb. et Kunth, Nov. Gen. Am. 3. p. 311. 
Spreng. Syst. Veget. I. p. 712. 

Rapuntium splendens. Presl., Prodr. Mon. Lobel. p. 26. 

((3.) caule foliisque atro-sanguineis. 

The original Lobelia fulgens, to which this plant is un- 
doubtedly to be referred, has the stem and foliage slightly 
tinged with purple : and the figure given in the Botanical 
Register represents the stem dark purple, and the leaves 

1 blotched 

blotched with the same colour : but there has lately appear- 
ed in our gardens a variety, as here figured, with the whole 
stem and leaves dark sanguineous purple. It is a plant of 
great beauty, and, if not sufficiently hardy to bear out- 
winters, may easily be protected after its old decaying 
flowering stems are cut away, by a covering of tan or Fern. 
In the summer it makes a splendid appearance, with its 
long spikes of vivid scarlet flowers, almost too dazzling to 
be looked upon. It readily increases by the roots, which, 
in the autumn, abound in short, creeping stolones, and 
richly deserves a place in every garden. It is a native of 
Mexico, and flowers during the summer and autumn 

Descr. In many respects this species resembles the well 
known h.fulgens, but may readily be distinguished by its 
strong purple tinge, and by the much longer and more 
acuminated foliage, which is smooth and glossy, destitute of 
any kind of pubescence. 


I'ii7> h,j V Curtis Ctiazenit Manhll8f3 

( 4003 ) 
Brassia Wray^e. Mrs. Wray's Brassia. 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Pcrianthium explanatum. Sepala et Petala angusta, li- 
bera, asqualia ; his nunc minoribus. Labellum planum, 
indivisum, ecalcaratum, columna continuum, basi bi-cris- 
tatum. Columna libera, aptera, nana. Anthera 1-locularis. 
Pollinia 2, post ice sulcata ; caudicula brevi ; glandula 
crassa. — Epiphy tae pseudo-bulbosce. F o\'i& per gamenea. Sea- 
pi radicales vaginati. Flores speciosi, spicati. Lindl. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Brassia Wrayce; pseudo-bulbis laevibus, folio ligulato cori- 
aceo enervi, sepalis lanceolatis acuminatis, petalis con- 
formibus minoribus, labello latissime obovato acuto 
sepalis lateralibus duplo breviore, basi callo triden- 

Brassia Wrayae. Skinner MSS. 

This new species of Brassia was sent to the splendid col- 
lection of J. C. Barter, Esq., of Broughton New Ball, near 
Manchester, bv G. U. Skinner, Esq., from Guatemala, in 
1840. It has now (October, 1842) flowered, for the first 
time, under the skilful management of Mr. William 
Ashton, gardener to Mr. Barter. It had been communi- 
cated by Mr. Skinner to that and other collections, under 
the name of Oncidium Wrayce, to which Genus, previous to 
its having flowered, it had been supposed to belong, and 
Mr. Skinner properly preserves the same specific appel- 
lation, now it is proved to be a new species or Brassia.* 


* Since the above was written, Dr. Lindley mentions in his Miscell. of 
the Bot. Register for 1843, that a fine plant has flowered at Messrs. RoLLl- 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs oblong, compressed, two-edged, 
bearing at the apex one or two oblong, coriaceous, obtuse, 
nerveless leaves. Scape from the base of the bulbs, thrice 
as long as the leaves. Flowers numerous, racemed. Brac- 
teas small, squamiform. Sepals unequal ; the lateral ones 
two inches long, the upper one nearly equalling the petals, 
about an inch in length ; all of them, including the petals, 
linear -subulate, yellow - green, with a few large, brown 
blotches. Lip two-thirds the length of the lateral sepals, 
broadly obovate, acute, a little waved, the lower half with 
the margins revolute : the colour is yellow, tinged with 
green, and spotted with small blotches of brown, and, at the 
base above, is an oblong, yellow callosity, or tubercle, with 
three small teeth. Column and anther, as in the Genus. 

son's, under the name Brassia Wrayce, which is B. brachiata, Lindl., 
inBENTHAM's "Plantee Hartwegiame," p. 94; but the description is too 
much at variance with the present plant, to induce me to suppose it can be 
the same, especially since it is said the sepals are sometimes six inches 



( 4004 ) 

Tecoma jasminoides. Jasmine-leaved 

Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Bignoniace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx campanulatus, quinquedentatus. Corolla hypo- 
gyna tubo brevi, fauce campanulata, limbo quinquelobo- 
bilabiato. Stamina corollae tubo inserta, quatuor fertilia 
didynama, cum quinti rudimento ; antherce biloculares, lo- 
culis divaricato-patentibus. Ovarium triloculare, ovulis ad 
dissepimenti margines utrinque plurimis, horizontalibus, 
anatropis. Stylus simplex ; stigma bilamellatum. Capsula 
elliptico-oblonga, v. elongato-siliquaeformis, bilocularis, 
bivalvis, valvis dissepimento marginibus utrinque semini- 
fero contrariis. Semina plurima, transversa, compressa, 
utrinque in alam membranaceam expansa. Embryonis 
exalbuminosi orthotropi radicula centrifuga— Arbores v. 
Frutices, interdum scandentes, in America tropica et boreali 
calidiore, rarius in Capite Bona-Spei, et in Nova Hollandia 
crescentes; foliis oppositis, impari-pinnatis vel interdum 
digitatis,foiiolis serratis, incisis aut rarius integer rimis ; Jlo- 
ribus terminalibus, paniculatis, Jlavis vel incarnatis. Endl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Tecoma jasminoides ; foliis pinnatis foliolis bi-trijugis cum 
impari ovato-lanceolatis glabris nitidis, panicula termi- 
nal!, corolla infundibuliformi-campanulata, limbi plam 
lobis subaequalibus rotundatis undulato-crenatis. 

Tecoma jasminoides. AIL Cunn. in Loud. Hort. Brit. p. 
582. LindL Bot. Reg t. 2002. Don, Gard. Diet. v. 
4. p. 225. 

A climbing shrub of humble growth, a native of Moreton 
Bay, on the North-eastern coast of New Holland, where it 


was discovered by the late Allan Cunningham, and named 
by him in Loudon's " Hortus Britannicus." Mr. C. also 
introduced it to the Royal Botanic Gardens of Kew, where 
it is treated as a greenhouse plant, and bears its lovely 
blossoms, milk-white with a deep rose-coloured eye, in the 
month of August. m . 

Descr. Stem climbing, glabrous. Leaves impari-pm- 
nate, with from five to seven, or, occasionally, even nine 
leaflets, which are sessile or nearly so, between ovate and 
lanceolate, tapering, yet blunt at the point, quite glabrous. 
Panicle terminal, subcorymbose, of several large, hand- 
some, showy flowers. Calyx very small, campanulate, of 
five nearly equal, broad, but acute teeth. Corolla between 
funnel and bell -shaped, very delicate milk-white, the throat 
rose-red, the limb of five nearly equal, spreading, rounded, 
somewhat waved and crenated lobes. Style and stamens 
quite included within the tube of the corolla. Stigma two- 

Fig. 1. Calyx and Pistil : magnified. 


A M- 

J'lth h. 

'Una,, ■ 

( 4005 ) 

Androsace lanuginosa. Shaggy-leaved 


Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — PrimulacejE.) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx quinquefidus vel quinquedentatus, demum saepius 
auctus. Corolla hypogyna, infundibuliformis vel hypocra- 
terimorpha, tubo calycem vix superante ovato, apice con- 
tractor fauce fornicibus brevibus instructa. Stamina 5, 
corolla? tubo inserta, ejusdem laciniis opposita, inclusa;J?/#- 
menta brevissima; antherte ovatae, biioculares, longitudina- 
liter dehiscentes. Ovarium uniloculare, placenta basilari 
globosa, substipitata. Ovula 5 v. indefinita peltatim am- 
phitropha. Stylus filiformis inclusus; stigma obtusum vel 
subglobosum. Capsula unilocularis, apice vel juxta totam 
longitudinem quinquevalvis. Semina 5 vel indefinita, pla- 
centae basilari globosae liberae stipitatae inserta, dorso com- 
planato rugulosa, ventre convexo umbilicata. Embryo in 
axi albuminis carnosi rectus, umbilico parallelus. — Herbae 
in temperatis etfrigidis hemisphcera borealis obvice, plurimts 
alpicolce scepissime caspitosce, pedunculis solitariis vel um- 
bellatis. Endl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Androsace* lanuginosa ; caulescens demum procumbens 
tota pilis longis sericeo-lanosa, foliis sparsis obovato- 
lanceolatis acutis, pedunculo terminali elongato, um- 
bello multifloro, calyce tubum corollae ventricosum 



* From ocrnf, atfyof, a man, and a*fxo<;, a buckler, thu 
the common species having been thought to resemble an ancient buckler 

Androsace lanuginosa. Wall. Fl. Indica, v. 2. p. 15. Cat. 

n. 615. Royle, Bot. of Himal. Mts. v. I. p. 310. 
(0.) glabrior. Wall. Cat. I. c. 

Seeds of this charming alpine plant were communicated 
to our kind friend, J. T. Mackay, Esq., from the Himalaya 
Mountains by Dr. Royle, and they flowered in the open air 
in the Dublin Botanic Garden in August, 1842, when the 
plants promised to be hardy. The flowers are of a delicate 
rose colour with a yellow eye, while the foliage and branches 
and young portions of the stem are densely clothed with 
long, silky hairs. Dr. Royle speaks of it as growing 
about Choon. Dr. Govan found it on the Sirmore Moun- 
tains, and R. Blinrworth at Kamoon, where the var. ($. also 
grows. Specimens from the latter country are in our Her- 
barium, given by Dr. Wallich, and we possess beautiful 
ones, sent us by the late Countess of Dalhousie, from 

Descr. Stems five to six or eight inches long, often 
procumbent at the base, and there naked ; above, branched 
in a proliferous manner, and leafy ; the leaves scattered, 
alternate nearly an inch long, between oblong and obo- 
vate, acute, clothed, as well as the branches, with long, 
soft, silky hairs. Peduncle terminal, often as long as the 
stem, soon appearing lateral from the proliferous shoots. 
Umbel of many small flowers. Involucral leaves few, linear. 
Pedicels generally short, but varying in length from two 
lines to three-fourths of an inch. Calyx deeply cut into 
five oblong blunt segments, close pressed to the tube of the 
corolla, and equal to it in length. Corolla: tube short, ven- 
tricose, yellow Limb of five rose-purple, spreading, round- 
ed segments; the eye yellow: the mouth contracted, and 
turnished with a crenated ring. Stamens small, concealed 
within the tube. Germen turbinate. Style short. Stigma 
capitate. a ° 

4. pgaV^ifeL ° alyX and ** 3 - to"** «* Tub, Uid open. 


( 4006 ) 



Class and Order. 

Decandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — LeguminosjE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calycis sepala 5 inasqualia, basi in cupulam subpersisten- 
tem coalita/inferiore fornicato. Petala 5 stipitata, supe- 
rior difformi. Stamina 10, longissima, omnia secunda, 
filameutis basi hirsutis. Stylus longissimus. Legumen 
plano-compressum bivalve submultiloculare isthmis spongi- 
osis. Semina obovata compressa, endopleura in aqua gela- 
tinosa, cotyledonibus planis, plumula ovali.—Frutices aut 
arbores elegantissimcz, aculeate aut inermes * olia abrupte 
pinnata. Flores paniculato-corymbosi. Pedicelli longi basi 
ebracteatL D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Poinciana* Gilliesii; inermis, foliojis oblongis, c^ibus 
glandulosis apicibus dentato-ciliatis leguminibus aci- 
naciformibus glandulosis uniloculanbus exsuccis 

Poinciana Gilliesii. Hook, in Bot Misc t>. 1. P- l& £**• 
et vol. 3. p. 208. Don, Gen. Syst. of Gar d- and Bot. v. 
2. p. 433. Sweet, Brit. Fl. Gard. v.b.t.SU. 

Cjjsalpinia Gilliesii. Wall. MSS. 

When I first described this charming plant a native of 
Mendoza, South America, in the Botanical MiaceUany 

* -» T ! - .• L u j Pnivri who was Governor General 

* Named in compliment to M. de Foinci, wnu w » 

of the Antilles, about the middle of the seventeenth century. 

VOL. XVI. l 

above quoted, I little thought I should one day have the 
pleasure of figuring it from plants flourishing in the open 
air, and without any covering in the winter. Yet such is 
the case. Seeds were introduced by Dr. Gillies in 1829, 
and young plants, both at Mr. Knight's Nursery, and at the 
Royal Botanic Gardens of Kew, were removed to a South 
aspect in front of a stove. They have, with us at least, 
attained to a height of six or seven feet, and bear their rich 
yellow blossoms, with the singularly long and thick scarlet 
stamens, during the summer months, and, indeed, till cut off 
by the early autumnal frosts. In such a situation, no shrub 
can be more deserving of cultivation. In its native country, 
the late Dr. Gillies, its discoverer, informed me that, " it 
is called by the natives Mai de Ojos, and that it is very 
abundant in the cultivated plains of Mendoza, where it has 
the benefit of the water used in irrigation; seeming to be 
incapable of living on the dry arid lands which are not 
under cultivation. Along the southern frontier of the pro- 
vince of Mendoza, between the rivers Diamante and Atuel, 
it is found abundantly, with other shrubs, in sheltered 
situations : also among thickets along the western side of 
the Rio Quarto, near the western boundary of the Pampas; 
those plants growing in Buenos Ayres (where it is not un- 
common), owing their origin to the seeds sent from Men- 
doza. They do not ascend further than to the foot of the 
mountains, neither are any traces of them to be seen in the 
province of San Juan, which follows Mendoza to the North, 
along the foot of the Cordillera of the Andes." 

JJescr. Stems erect, much branched; branches rounded, nearly 
glabrous Leaves alternate, abruptly bipinnate; the leaflets small, 
scarcely half an inch long, oblong, obtuse, glabrous. Stipules two, 
VJl'?T Umt Z' *\ the baSe 0f the main ™his. Raceme terminal, of 
ipn^\r" g6 ' handsoine flowers ; the lowest buds expanding first, 
hra^L ^f^PPf P art densely imbricated with the curious, deciduous 
Wk l2f S i e \ "£ are ° Vate ' cuspidate-acuminate, glandular at the 
S.n G 7 ^ ihe »™%™- Peduncle an inch long, glandular, 

iltxv P p :?t St ? -v urb r te ' appe r g e V nally 

^Pcrn^ntc J™ i i P™™ 6 > «w6 of five, oblong, nearly equal, green 

S n, ;S a i ° U tb ? ° Utside ' serrated at the Point iW& five, 

c r 1V^ ^ in l "r ' SC T lle ' "V^ding, obcordate, yellow. Stamens 

Ld; WhTre K Z/ * tOP ° f the -alyx-tube, four to five inches 

loug, origin red. Anthers versatile, oblong. 

«IsuLJt--^^ yX ' tuhe > sI,0 ™S the Pistil and the insertion of 


( 4007 ) 

Pleroma Benthamianum. Mr. Bentham's 



Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Melastomace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

CaL tubus ovatus, junior bracteis 2 deciduis involutus, 
lobi 5 decidui. Pet. 5 obcordata. Stam. 10. Fitamenta 
pilosa v. glabra. Antherce elongates basi arcuatae, coimec- 
tivo stipitiformi basi breve biauriculato. Ovarium calyci 
adnatum, apice setosum. Capsula baccata subsicca 5-locu- 
laris. Semina cochleata. — Frutices Australi- Americani, 
scepissime setis appressis scabri. Folia subrigida, b-nervia. 
F lores anvpli purpurei, in racemum paniculumve dispositi. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

V i,erom a * Benthamianum; rarnis alato-tetragonis petiolis- 
que adpresse villosis, foliis petiolatis oblongo-lanceo- 
latis basi rotundatis vel vix cordatis acutis 9-nerviis in- 
tegerrimis supra setis minimis asperis subtus adpresse 
sericeo-villosis, panicula terminali glanduloso-pilosa, 
calycis glanduloso-setosi tubo ovato-globoso lobis ro- 
tundatis ciliatis, filamentis glanduloso-pilosulis, stylo 

Pleroma Benthamianum. Gardn. Herb. Bras. n. 410. 

"■"« ui uuncicu iu •-■•■^ country. 

The plant, which was brought home by myself from the 
Organ Mountains, flowered in the autumn of 1842, in the 


* So named by Mr. D. Don, from Watft^m, fulness, probaUjr from the 

copious seeds in the cells of the iVuit. 

Glasgow Botanic Garden, and, unlike many of its conge- 
ners, is not of very tardy growth, flowering freely at from 
a foot and a half to two feet high—a circumstance, which, 
along with the fine colour of the flower, cannot fail to 
render it popular among cultivators. In its native country 
it grows abundantly in a rather boggy soil, at an elevation 
of upwards of 3,000 feet above the sea level. 

From its hairy stamens, this plant would be referred to 
the Genus Lasiandra, were it not that Mr. Bentham has 
satisfactorily shown (Hook. Journ. Bot. 2. p. 288) that 
Pleroma and Lasiandra are not genericatly distinct; and 
Fleroma being the older name, it must be retained. His 
observations on this subject are, " Pleroma of Don is, evi- 
dently, the same Genus as Lasiandra of De Candolle, 
including, according to Chamisso, Diplostegium of Don ; 
and the former name, being the older, should be retained, 
i He original species have now all been re-examined, and 
are all tound to have a dry, dehiscent fruit, although the 
calyx is more completely and more permanently adherent 
tnan in most capsular Genera. The separation of Pleroma 
irom Usbeckia is, as observed by Martius, but very slight; 
both Genera being distinguished from Ch^etogastra by the 
same character, the deciduous lobes of the calyx. In Os- 
beckia the calyx is usually more or less covered with 
palmate or stellate, hairs, or appendages, and the stamens 
are smooth; in Pleroma, the hairs, or bristles of the calyx, 
are usually simple, and the filaments more or less hairy; 
but neither of these characters is constant. In habit, Os- 
beckia agrees rather with some sections of CWogastra, 

1 ln , that Genus - the flowers are sometimes penta- 
nescen s E Z" 1 * tet »™erous; but the Osbeckia ca- 
?h™^L Ti. app ? ara reall y to be nearer Pmhoma 

DfSr Th U ^ h a Imtive ^ South-East Africa." 

winJS «# I 1 " lar \ 1S shru bby, with four-sided branches 

j^^aSSiS* w with v he pe v!, io,es ' 

i nnr ,. n i„ f , ttU l J,C!,:seu nai rs> y ne [ eaves are Q f a OD on n-. 
icute t, L nilv T"*?' ° r somevvhat co ' da 'e at the base, 
S^faTiriMkME e . ' e ' lhe "PP er surface r ° u 8 h wilh 
hair. T^ tin J^ l° W , er is covered with adpres S e°d, si | ky 
are of ? e^n.l '. ^ m< i asure about tw ° »«=hes across, 
eentre »« \™ W e Colour > almost w hite in the 

duUr hairs. G GaTdnek "^ C ° ¥ered with ^ a ~ 

R». 1. 2. S.nmens. a Tra „ 3versc Sec(ion of ihe 0rary : _~^ 

( 4008 ) 

Amicia Zygomeris. Yoke-leaved 

Jfr. &• A*. s-V. &* &. &. -I'. &. &. .Sfc .^V. .Sk &. . v fr. >V> >V* A -Sfc -4'i 
«T* yf <F <f» yf* yf* yr 7K *f* -T- <tS "tS 'It VK yf- ^* y^ yr yr* •*■ 

C7«ss *md Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Leguminose. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx campanulatus, 5-fidus, lobis 2 super, rotundatis 
maximis, lateralibus minutis, inferiore oblongo carinato 
concavo. Corolla vexillum orbiculatum, alae carina adpli- 
catae. Stamina 10, monadelpha, tubo superne fisso. Le- 
gumen lineare compressum pluri-articulatum, articulis 
utrinque truncatis. — Frutices. Ramuli et petioli pubes- 
centes. Folia abrupte bijuga pellucido-punctata. Pedun- 
culi axillares 4 — Q-fiori. Bracteae 2, orbiculatce, opposite 
ad originem pedicellorum. Flores flavi. De Cand. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Amicia Zygomeris ; foliis bijugis cuneato-obcordatis trun- 

cato-retusis, legumine biarticulato. 
Amicia Zygomeris. De Cand. Prodr. v. 2. p. 315. Lin- 

ntea, v. 5. p. 582, et v. 12. p. 308. Spreng. Syst. Veget. 

c. p. 294. 
Amicle sp. Hort. 

The Genus Amicia was so named by Messrs. Humboldt 
and Kunth in honor of John Baptiste Amici, of Modena, 
who has so much distinguished himself by his microscopical 
observations, especially on the movement of the fluids in 
plants. It is chiefly distinguished from Poiretia by the 
peculiar form of its calyx. There is another remarkable 
feature in the entire plant, leaves, calyx, and even the 
corolla : that they are every where filled with pellucid, glan- 
J dular 

dular dots, resembling those of Hypericum. The first dis- 
covered species (by Humboldt) is a native of New Grenada ; 
the second, and only other yet known, (the one here 
figured,) is a native of Mexico, was first taken up by 
De Candolle, and afterwards more fully described in the 
" Lirmaea," from specimens gathered by Schiede in woods 
at Jalacingo ; and I possess fine native specimens collected 
by M. Galeotti, upon the Cordillera of Mexico, near the 
Pacific, growing in woods and by river-sides, at an eleva- 
tion of from 5,500 to 8,000 feet above the level of the sea. 
It is No. 3180 of M. Galeotti's, Mexican Collections. 

Schlechtendal calls it, and deservedly, " planta pulcher- 
rima ;" its flowers are large, copious, and the foliage ex- 
tremely delicate. It was introduced to this country from 
Paris by Messrs. Rollisons of the Tooting Nursery, and 
by them kindly given to the Royal Gardens of Kew, where 
it blossomed copiously during the early winter months. 
This blossoming was probably hastened by its growth 
being checked from cuttings being taken from the plant. 

Descr. A tall, free growing shrub, the young branches 
and petioles clothed with patent, deciduous hairs. Leaves 
on long petioles, bijugate ; leaflets large, frequently two 
inches long, obcordate or almost cuneate, shortly petiolate, 
entire, truncate or slightly retuse at the top, pale green 
above, slightly glaucous beneath; where the glandular dots 
are very conspicuous, even when not held up between the 
eye and the light, by their brown colour. The stipules are 
very deciduous, and only present on the young branches, 
but are large, orbicular, membranous, and very beautifully 
coloured, pale yellow-green, tinged and veined with red. 
Pedicels short, with lax, opposite, coloured bracteas, resettl- 
ing the stipules. Calyx most conspicuously dotted with 
glands, two-lipped; upper lip of two exceedingly large, 
veined, orbicular, condnplicate lobes, lower very small, 
deeply cut into three reflexed, acuminated lobes. Standard 
of the corolla large, broadly obcordate. Wings small, not 
half so long as the keel. Filaments of the stamens much 
curved very unequal in length. Germen of two terete 
joints, the upper tapering into the long, curved style. 


( 4009 ) 

Passiflora Actinia. Sea-Anemone 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Passiflore^;. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calycis tubus brevissimus^Mx corona filamentosa multi- 
plici ornata. Bacca saepius pulposa, rarius submembra- 
nacea. D C. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Passiflora Actinia ; scandens, foliis integerrimis ovatis ob- 
tusis emarginatis subtus glaucis, petiolis pluri-glan- 
dulosis, pedicellis solitariis axillaribus, involucri sub 
flore triphylli foliolis ovato-cordatis acutis integerri- 
mis, sepalis petalisque oblongis coronam filamentosam 

I can nowhere find the description of any Passion- Flower 
which accords with this, and which was sent last year from 
the Organ Mountains of Brazil to Mr. Veitch of Exeter, by 
his Collector, Mr. Lobb. It produced its handsome, and 
highly fragrant blossoms; first, in November, 1842, and 
again, more profusely, in February of the present year : on 
both which occasions, the plant was exhibited at the meet- 
ings of the Horticultural Society, where it could not fail to 
be much admired. The name, as will be at once seen, is 
suggested by the resemblance of the flower to those marine 
animals, so common upon our rocky coasts, known by the 
name of Sea- Anemone (Actinia). The plant deserves a 
place in every stove. 

Descr. Stem climbing ; branches rounded, green, gla- 
brous, as is every part of the plant. Leaves about three 


inches long, ovate,, obtuse, and emarginate at the point, 
dark green above, pale and glaucous beneath. Petioles 
scarcely half so long as the leaves, flexuose, beset with four 
to six rounded, fleshy glands. Tendrils unbranched. Pe- 
duncles axillary, single-flowered, rather longer than the pe- 
tioles ; at the top of which, and just under the calyx, is a 
large, three-leaved involucre; leaflets half the length of the 
calyx, between ovate and cordate, acute, entire, glaucous. 
Calyx with a short tube, limb of five greenish, oblong lobes. 
Petals oblong, rather longer than the calyx, nearly white. 
Nectary, or filamentous crown, of numerous spreading, in- 
curved, worm-like filaments, beautifully banded with red, 
blue, and white : within this, on the disc, are three circles 
of very minute processes. Stamens and Pistil as in the 


( 4010 ) 

Gastrochilus longiflora. Long-flow- 
ered Gastrochilus. 

Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — SciTAMiNEiE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx tubulosus, hinc fissus. Corolla tubus elongatus, 
filiformis, limbi laciniae exteriores aequales patentes, interi- 
ors laterales latiores, basi cum filamento in tubo connatas; 
labellum maximum, saccatum. Filamentum lineare, ultra 
antherae muticaB loculos connectivo longiores haud produc- 
tum. Ovarium inferum, triloculare. Ovula in loculorum 
angulo centrali plurima, horizontalia, anatropa. Stylus 
filiformis; stigma capitato-convexum. Capsula — . — Herba? 
Indices, acaules, vel caulescentes ; radice repente vel Jibroso- 
ramosa, tuberibus subsessilibus fasciculatis ; spica radicali v . 
terminali imbricata, floribus nutantibus. Endl. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Gastrochilus longiflora; foliis.oblongo-cordatis longe peti- 
olatis, spicis radicalibus, tubo corollae longissimo ex- 

Gastrochilus longiflora. Wall. PL Asiat. Rar. v. I. p. 
22. tab. 25. 

An equally rare, though less showy, species, with that 
figured at our Tab. 3930, requiring the same treatment, and 
flowering about the same time, July and August. It is 
likewise a native of Rangoon; and also of Martaban in the 
East Indies, and is one of the many treasures for the pos- 
session of which the Royal Botanic Gardens of Kew are 
indebted to Dr Wallich. This gentleman, in his descrip- 

tion above quoted, observes that the present species cc has 
the habit of Kjempferia. Its flowers are smaller than those 
of G. pulcherrima, from which it differs abundantly in being 
stemless, and having long-petioled, cordate leaves, radical 
spikes, and flowers with very long tubes/' 

Descr. Leaves all radical, erect, somewhat bifarious, 
broadly oblong, much acuminated at the point, costate at 
the base, and generally unequal, with copious, oblique 
nerves, and slightly plaited. Petioles about equal in length 
with the limb, deeply grooved, the margins from the base 
upwards membranaceous, and terminating, below the limb, 
in a tooth-like process. Spikes several, from the base of 
the petioles, radical, and partly concealed by the earth. 
Bracteas several, sheathing, striated, one to two-flowered. 
Flowers on short pedicels, pale-yellow, tipped and more or 
less tinged with red. General structure of the flower sim- 
ilar to that described under G. pulcherrima, only the calyx 
is, at the base, elongated into a slender, exserted tube, 
three inches long. 

Fig. 1. Inner view of the upper portion of the Corolla, with the Anther 
and Apex of the Style ; — slightly magnified. 

'. » 

( 4011 ) 

Senecio calamifolius. Quill-leaved 
Cape Groundsel. 


Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Frustranea. 

( Nat. Ord. — Composite. ) 

Generic Character. 

Capitnlum homogamuin, discoideum aut heterogamum, 
ft. radii ligulatis fcemineis. Invol. 1-serialis, nunc nudi nunc 
squamellisaccessoriis calyculati, squamae saepius apice spha- 
celates margine subscariosae, dorso frequenter binervatae. 
Recept. epaleaceum nudum alveolatumve. Styli fl. herm. 
rami truncati apiceque solo penicillati ! Achamium erostre 
exalatum teretiusculum aut sulcato-angulatum. Pappus 
pilosus pluriserialis caducus, setis rectis subaequahbus ten- 
uissimis vix scabris.— Herbae aut Frutices innumeri, poly- 
morphi. Folia alterna. Capitula solitaria corymbosa y aut 
paniculata. Cor. disci fere semper lutece, rarissime purpu- 
rea. Ligulse etiam flavce rarius purpurascentes aut albi. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Senecio calamifolius; fruticosus arachnoideo-pubescens, 
foliis ad apices ramorum dense fasciculatis elongatis 
cylindraceis apice hinc planis saepe ddatato-spathulatis, 
pedunculis axillaribus subcory mboso-pamculatis, pedi- 
cellis bracteatis, involucri turbinati foliolis subbisena- 
libus pubescentibus apice sphacelatis basi squamel- 
latis, radii flosculis subduodecim. 

An old inhabitant of the greenhouse of the Royal Gar- 
dens at Kew, having been introduced from the Cape by Mr. 
Bowie: but it seems never to have been described by 
any author Few species are better marked. The leaves 

indeed are more like those of some Mesembryanthemum, 
or Fig-Marigold, than of any Groundsel. It blossoms in 
August, and from its copious, large yellow flowers, has a 
lively appearance. 

Descr. Stem shrubby, branched, woody, a foot or more 
high, nearly of the thickness of the finger, clothed with a 
rough, pale-green, downy bark. The branches are termi- 
nated by dense fascicles of glaucous-green, fleshy, cylin- 
drical leaves, three to five inches long and three lines broad, 
curved, the apex flat, or, as it were, scooped out on one 
side, and more or less dilated, so as to be almost spoon - 
shaped : — the whole is clothed with a cobwebby, compact 
substance, lying close to the surface. From the axil of the 
leaves arises a peduncle a foot long, paniculated, bearing a 
small leaf Sit the setting on of the first, or lowest, branches ; 
the leaves upwards gradually pass into subulate, appressed 
scales, or bracteas. The peduncle and its branches are red- 
dish, striated, downy. Pedicels single-flowered ; the flower 
large, full yellow. Involucre shortly cylindrical, or almost 
turbinate, downy. Scales, or leaflets, subulate, in two rows, 
sphacelate at the point ; the base having a few appressed, 
short, subulate scales. Florets of the ray and of the disk as 
in other species of the Genus. 

Fig. 1. Floret of the Disk. 2. Ditto of the Ray -.—magnified. 



( 4012 ) 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Gesneriace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calycis tubus ovario adnatus, limbus 5-partitus, Iobis 
lanceolatis. Corolla tubuloso-infundibuliformis basi hinc 
saepe gibba, limbo piano 5-fido, lobis subsequalibus sub- 
rotundis. Stamina 4, didynama, antheris non cohaerentibus. 
Rudimentum staminis quinti corollae basi in feme impo- 
situm. Nectarium glandulosum annulare tenue. Stylus 
in stigma vix incrassatum obliquumautsubbilobum abeuns. 
Capsula semibilocularis, bivalvis, placentis parietalibus 
subsessilibus. — Herbae Americana erected, villosce. Folia 
opposita aut terno-verticillata petiolata dentata. Pedicelli 
1-jlori, axillares. Corollae coccinece aut purpurea multo 
quam Gloxinias minores. Radices, saltern specierum rite 
cognitarum, bulbillis squamosis onusta. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Achimenes grandiflora; pilis patentibus hispida/foliis oppo- 
sitis aequalibus ovatis acutis basi obliquis sparse serra- 
tis. DC. ot * 

Achimenes grandiflora. De Cand. Prodr. v. 7. p. 5Jo. 
Lindl. Bot. Reg. Misc. 1842, n. 59. 

Trevirania grandiflora. Linncea, v. 8. p. 247. 

The drawing of this fine plant was sent to us in January 

last, by M. Va^n Houtte, of Ghent. Never having; seen a 

flowering specimen of the plant, I abstain from offering any 

° r description. 

vol. xvi. K 

description. It would seem to vie with A. longiflora in the 
size and beauty of its flowers. Their colour is much more 
verging to red, and the leaves are rusty-coloured below. 
It was discovered by Schiede and Deppe in Mexico, grow- 
ing in shady places, near the Hacienda de la Laguna, in 
Barranza de Ioselos. Its period of flowering in Europe 
has not been stated to me. 

( 4013 ) 

Dendrobium crumenatum. Sweet-smelling 
club-stemmed dendrobium. 


Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^e. ) 

Generic Character 

Sepala membranacea, erecta, vel paten tia, lateral i bus 
majoribus obliquis cum basi producta columns connatis. 
Petala sepalo supremo saepius majora nunc minora, semper 
membranacea. Labellum cum pede columna articulatum 
vel connatum, semper sessile, indivisum vel trilobum, sspius 
membranaceum, nunc appendiculatum. Columna semiteres, 
basi longe producto. Anthera bilocularis. Pollinia 4, per 
paria collateralia. — Herbae epiphytce, nunc caulescentes, 
nunc rhizomate repente pseudo-bulbifero. Folia plana, se- 
ptus venosa. Flores solitarii, fasciculati vel racemosi, spe- 
ciosi. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Dendrobium crumenatum ; caulibus caespitosis erectis basi 
incrassatis teretibus, foliis ovato-oblongis obtusis emar- 
ginatis, racemo terminali (3-) multifloro, sepalis peta- 
lisque ovatis acuminatis subundulatis conforinibus, 
labello cucullato trilobo, lobis lateralibus truncatis 
intermedio ovato acuto, disco lamellato. Lindl. 

Dendrobium crumenatum. Swartz, Act. Holm. 1800. p. 
246. WiM. Sp. PL v. 4. p. 137. Lindl. Gen. et Sp. 
Orchid, p. 88. Bot. Reg. 1839, t. »\ 

Angrjscum crumenatum. Rumph. Herb. Amb. o. p. Wb. t. 

Onychium crumenatum. Blum. Bijdr. p. 326. 

A native of various islands in the Malay Archipelago, 
first figured by Rumphius, and recommending itselt «» ™Jj 

tivation by the pure white of its blossoms, and their delicious 
fragrance. Blume, indeed, says, that the flowers vary from 
white to pink ; but of the latter hue we have never seen 
them. Our specimen, here figured, flowered at Kew in 
April, 1842. 

Descr. Stems tufted, erect, a foot and a half or more 
long, thickened, or clubbed and furrowed at the base, 
forming an imperfect pseudo-bulb ; the rest rounded, and 
gradually tapering to an acuminated point. The lower 
part has a few remote, sheathing scales ; the middle part is 
leafy, the leaves gradually becoming smaller, and flowers 
taking their place upwards. Leaves oblong, obtuse, coria- 
ceous, distichous, semiamplexicaul at the base, and sheath- 
ing. Pedicels curved downwards, with sheathing bracts at 
the base. Sepals and petals oblong, attenuated, pure white. 
Lip articulated on the very decurrent base of the column, 
three-lobed, the middle lobe broadly oblong, waved and 
crenate, pure white, but on the disk is a yellow crest, form- 
ed of several parallel, crenated lamellae. Column short. 
Anther-case hemispherical. Pollen-masses as in the Genus. 

Fig. I. Column and Petals. 2. Column with the Anther- case separating 
from it : — magnified. 


( 4014 ) 

Stigmaphyllum heterophyllum. Various- 
leaved Stigmaphyllum. 


Class and Order. 
Decandria Trigynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — MALPiGHiACEiE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx quinquepartitus, laciniis quatuor basi extus bi- 
glandulosis. Corolla petala b, hypogyna, calyce longiora, 
unguiculata, saepissime denticulato-ciliata, inaequalia. Sta- 
mina 10, hypogyna, dissimilia et inaequalia, quatuor subin- 
teriora calycis laciniis glanduliferis opposita minora vel 
sterilia, vel subexteriora semper fertilia, alterna crassiora et 
majora stylis opposita ; filamenta basibus connata ; anthera 
indorsee, biloculares, connectivo crasso, gland ulaeformi, 
loculis longitudinaliter dehiscentibus, staminum quatuor 
interiorum nullis vel effoetis. Ovaria 3, angulo centrali 
coalita, dorso gibba, unilocularia; ovulo umco, pendulo, 
reclinato. Styli 3, divaricati, apice introrsum in cucullum 
foliaceum expansi, vel rarius tantum compresso-dilatati, 
intus mamilla stigmatica instructi. Samara 3 vel abortu 
pauciores, in axi coalitae, apice in alam, margine antico 
superiore crassiorem expanse latere saepe cristatae, inde- 
hiscentes, monospermae. Semen inversum. Embryoms ex- 
albuminosi, cotyledones apice inflexae, radicula brevissima, 
supera.— Frutices America Tropica, pier umque scandentes; 
radice in multis tuberosa; foliis oppositis vel ternatimverti- 
cillatis, in summis ramis remotioribus vel inter dum alter ms, 
petiolatis, inteirerrimis, dentatis vel vane lobatis interdum 
ciliatis, petioloplus minus elongato, apice biglanduloso bast 
bistipulato, stipulis minutis, deciduis, injlorescentus umbelli- 
formibus, in apice ramulorum terminahbus, vel sapius m 
ramulis axillaribus, plerumque dichotomis pedunculos com- 
munes mentientibus quasi axillaribus, pedicelhscum pedun- 
culis subaqualibus,basi bracteatis et apice M™ l ^tis 
articulatis, apice sapissime incrassatis, ante anthesin recur- 
vis } fioribus luteis. Endl. Specific 

Specific Name and Character. 

Stigmaphyllum* heterophyllum; parce pilosum, foliis ovatis 
obtusis cum mucrone v. subcordatis trilobis lobis ob- 
longis obtusis lateralibus patentibus, petiolo iufra api- 
cem biglanduloso, umbellis axillaribus plurifloris, sty- 
lis apice foliaceis. 

A showy, handsome climber, hitherto cultivated in the 
stove by Mr. Veitch, who raised it from seeds sent from 
Buenos Ayres by Mr. Tweedie : but I have reason to be- 
lieve, on the authority of specimens in my Herbarium, that 
its native country is Tucuman, whence the seeds were 
brought by Mr. Tweedie, and reared by him about Buenos 
Ayres. It is a ready flowerer, and promises to be worthy of 
cultivation in every stove or warm greenhouse, making 
a beautiful object, if trained against trellis work. At 
Exeter it flowered in December, 1842. 

Descr. Stem branched, climbing. Leaves opposite, 
mostly ovate, waved, entire, very obtuse with a mucro ; not 
unfrequently broader, almost cordate, deeply three-lobed ; 
the lobes oblong-obtuse, with a mucro, the side ones spread- 
ing ; colour dark green above, pale below. There are a 
few scattered, appressed hairs, fixed by their middle, chiefly 
on the under side of the leaves. Petioles about half or three 
quarters of an inch long, with a large, depressed gland on 
either side near the apex. Peduncles solitary, axillary, 
thickened, shorter than the leaf, and bearing an umbel of 
several rich yeWowJlowers. Calyx of five erect sepals, each 
with two large glands on the back. Petals orbicular, 
clawed, waved and ciliated at the margin. Stamens ten. 
Styles three, each expanding into a foliaceous, green 

* So called from ^^a, the stigma, and <pvK*», a leaf: the stigmas being 
broad and leafy. ° 

Fig. 1. Flower, from which the Petals have fallen. 2. Petal:— magnified. 


h'Fitfh ,ld' 


C 4015 ) 



Class and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Old. LoBELlACEiE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-lobus, tubo turbinato aut hemisphaerico. Co- 
rolla tubo superne saepius ventricoso, plerumque recurvo, 
integro vel (rarissime) basi fisso et superne solum integro; 
lobis 5 tubo brevioribus bilabiatis falcatis, duobus superio- 
ribus saepe majoribus supra faucem reflexis, inferioribus 
subbrevioribus. Stamina connata, antheris 2 inferioribus 
apice barbatis aut (rarius) omnibus hirsutis. — Frutices, 
suflfrutices, vel herbae, ex America prcesertim meridionali, 
nonnunquam scandentes; caulibus ramisque sapius erectis ; 
foliis alternis aut verticillatis, pedicellis axillaribus ; Jloribus 
rubris vel sordide albidis, corollis plerumque pubescentibus, 
latere superiore paulo majore. Convexitas corollae sursum 
spectans. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Siphocampylos longepedunculatus ; subscandens, glabrius- 
culus, foliis alternis ovato-acuminatis membranaceis 
argute dentatis basi subcordatis, pedicellis folio longio- 
ribus (v. brevioribus), corollae lobis acuminatis, anthe- 
ris glabris 2. infer, apice barbatis, " capsula elongata 

obovoidea." „ 

Siphocampylos longepedunculatus. Pohl, FLliras. v. A. 

p. 109. t. 172. De Cand. Prodr. v. 7. p. 401. 
Lobelia pedicellaris. Presl. Prodr. Lob. p. 34. 

This is another fine Siphocampylos, for which our stoves 
are indebted to Mr. Gardner, who sent home seeds, as well 


as specimens, from the Organ Mountains of Brazil. It was 
first detected in the province of Rio Janeiro by Pohl, and 
figured by him in his splendid work on the Plants of Brazil. 
The colouring being done from a dried individual, that 
of the flower is., probably, inaccurate. The length of the 
peduncle I find to be highly variable : for whereas the dried 
native specimens sent home by Mr. Gardner (his n. 465) 
exhibit them as long as, or even longer than, the leaves ; 
in our flowering plant, raised from his seeds, the peduncles 
are scarcely more than half the length of the leaf. The 
stems are long and trailing rather than climbing, and should 
be fastened to wire trellice, when the plant makes a hand- 
some appearance. Ours flowered in January, 1823, and 
that of the Glasgow Botanic Garden about the same time. 
Descr. Shrubby. Stems scandent, rounded, glabrous, 
as is the whole plant. Leaves alternate, on short petioles, 
three to four inches long, ovato-acuminate, sharply denticu- 
lated, of a thin and membranous texture. Peduncle axil- 
lary, single-flowered, varying much in length, sometimes 
considerably exceeding the leaves, flexuose. Flower large. 
Calyx-tube turbinate, short ; its five segments linear-subu- 
late, spreading, entire. Corolla nearly three inches long ; 
the tube contracted near the base, slightly enlarged up- 
wards, curved, dark purplish-red, the segments yellow. 


( 4016 ) 
Erica Irbyana. Mr. Irby's Heath. 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Ericaceae. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx asqualis vel imbricatus, q uadri parti t us, vel rarius 
quadrifidus. Corolla hypogyna tubulosa, hypocraterimor- 
pha, urceolata, campanulata vel globosa, limbo brevi rarius 
maximo quadrifido, connivente, erecto, patente vel revolu- 
\o. Stamina 8, rarius 6 — 7, disco hypogyno glanduloso 
inserta. Filamenta libera, rarissime submonadelpha. An- 
theraz inclusae vel exsertae, terminates, ad insertionem fila- 
menti appendicibus duabus aristatae vel cristatae, vel omnino 
muticae, poro orbiculari vel oblongo vel rima longitudinali 
deniscentes. Ovarium quadriloculare rarius 8-locuIare, 
loculis 200 ovulatis. Stylus filiformis. Stigma obtusum, 
capitatum vel peltato-dilatatum, saspe breviter 4-lobum 
Capsula 4-rarius 8-locularis, loculicide quadrivalvis, disse- 
pimentis demum fissis partim valvulis, partim columella 
adhaerentibus. Semina placentis axilibus affixa, ovoidea 
vel compressa, testa adha?rente reticulata laeviuscula vel 
nitida, rarius in membranam tenuem expansa. — Frutices 
Europcei vel maxima parte Austro-Africani, rigidulij ramo- 
sissimi; rarius Jlaccidi. Folia scepissime linear ia, acerosa, 
marginibus omnino revolutis et sub folio cohcerentibus pagi- 
nam inferiorem veram omnino occultantibus, rarius omnino 
plana verticillata vel rarius alterna vel sparsa. Flores in 
pedicellis uniflores axillares vel terminates, solitarii, verticil- 
lati, capitati vel umbellati, plerumque cernui. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Erica Irbyana; foiiis ternis erectis lineari-Ianceolatis tri- 
gonis ciliatis rigidis, sepalis lineari-Ianceolatis acutis, 
corollae viscosae tubo oblongo basi subattenuato versus 


apicem longiuscule et leviter attenuate, limbi laciniis 

Erica Irbyana. Andrews' Heaths, t. 219. Lodd. Bot. Cab. 

t. 816. (forma hybrida a germina parum diversa. 

Benth). De Cand. Prodr. v. 7. p. 645. 
Euryloma Irbyana. G. Don, Mill. Diet. Gard v. 3. p. 816. 
Var. Bandonia. Andr. Heaths, £.-205. 
Callista Bandonia. G. Don, Mill. Gard. Diet. v. 3. p. 813. 

A most lovely plant, brought to great perfection in the 
greenhouse of the College Botanic Garden, Dublin, by our 
friend Mr. Mackay : but hybridized, as are so many of our 
Cape Heaths at this time in our collections, that it is impos- 
sible to pronounce upon the limits of the species. The 
present one was sent as E. Bandonia of Andrews : but that 
is considered by Mr. Bentham in De Candolle's Prodromus 
above quoted, as a form of E. Irbyana with patent leaves, 
which is by no means the case with our plant. It differs from 
the E. Irbyana of Lodd. Bot. Cabinet, in its still more erect 
foliage and shorter and broader corollas : in short, it seems 
pretty well to accord with the original E. Irbyana. 

Descr. A shrub, with flexuose branches, clothed with 
erect, imbricated leaves, which are linear-lanceolate, aris- 
tate at the point, plane or slightly concave in front, carinate 
at the back, with a furrow on the keel, the margin entire, 
but ciliated. Flowers in sessile umbels at the apex of the 
branches. Pedicels red, bearing several erect, membranous, 
subulate bracteas. Calyx of five linear-subulate sepals. 
Tube of the corolla rather more than twice the length of 
the calyx, oblong-urceolate, remarkably glutinous, white 
or nearly so, the faux deep rose colour ; the four spreading 
segments of the limb ovate, white. Stamens eight, as long 
as the tube of the corolla, erect, all of them singularly flex- 
uose near the middle. Anthers awnless. Germen oblong- 
clavate, with eight glands at the base. Style a little longer 
than the stamens. Stigma dilated with five obtuse points. 

Fig. 1. Leaf. 2. Stamens and Pistil. 3. Anther. 4. Pistil -.—magnified. 


( 4017 ) 

Catasetum viridi-flavum. Yellow-green 


Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium saepius globosum, nunc explanatum. Se- 
pala et petala subaequalia. Labellum crassum, carnosum, 
nudum,, ventricosum vel explanatum, fimbriatum ; sub 
apice saccatum obsolete trilobum. Columna erecta, apt era, 
libera, apice utrinque cirrhosa. Anthera subbilocularis, 
antice truncata. Pollinia 2, postice biloba vel sulcata ; 
caudicula maxima nuda demum elastice contractili ; glan- 
dula cartilaginea subquadrata.— Herbae terrestres vel epi- 
phytes ; caulibus brevibus fusiformibus vestigiis foliorum 
vestitis. Folia basi vaginantia, plicata. Scapi radicales. 
Flores speciosi, racemosi, virides, nunc purpureo-maculati. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Catasetum viridi-flavum ; foliis oblongis acutis, sepalis 
patentibus petalisque ovatis acutis concavis, labello 
subconico-saccato cucullato, ore contracto integro 
ciliato, anthera columnaque acuminatis. 

Every district of tropical South America seems to afford a 
Catasetum, different from what is found in other places ; 
but how far these are to be denned as specifically distinct it 
is not easy to say. The present, quite unlike in the general 
appearance of its flowers any other known to us, is yet with 
difficulty to be distinguished in words. It was discovered 
by Mr. Barclay, (while employed as Government Botanist 
on the Pacific side of South America, in H. M. surveying 


•/ oih 

rexJbne LJ<P48 

( 4018 ) 

Nematanthus longipes. Long flower- 
stalked Nematanthus. 

Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Gesneriace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx liber obliquus ultra medium 5-fidus seu 5-partitus, 
lobis lanceolato-linearibus subagqualibus, summo paululum 
minore. Corolla infundibuliformi-campanulata obliqua 
basi postice gibba., fauce patula, limbo asqualiter 5-lobo. 
Stamina 4 didynama cum quinto rudimentario aut nullo. 
Antherce cohaerentes. Annulus hypogynus et glandula pos- 
tica. Capsula pyramidalis coriacea 1-locularis 2-valvis, 
placentis 2 parietalibus bilamellatis. Semina innumerosa 
oblonga. — Prutices Brasilienses simplices aut parce ramosi, 
supra arbores scandentes scepe radicantes, epidermide nitida 
cinereo-testacea. Folia opposita (altero stepe minore) petio- 
lata crassiuscula oblonga aut ovali-lanceolata utrinque acu- 
minata subintegerrima, juniora ciliata. Gemmatio nuda 
foliis complicatis. Pedicelli axillares 1 -flori solitarii ebrac- 
teati Jiliformes penduli. Corollas puniceee amplce. J) C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Nematanthus* longipes ; pedicellis folio longioribus, caly- 

cibus ultra medium quinquefidis. 
Nematanthus longipes. De Cand. Prodr. 7. p. 544. Gard. 

in Hook. Lond. Journ. of Bot. v.\. p. 178. (and in 

Herb. Braz.J n. 72. (2.) 


* From frsfjia, a-ror, a thread, and «»(k, n /lower; from the pendent thread- 
like peduncles on which the flowers are suspended. 

The Royal Botanic Gardens of Kew are indebted to 
Messrs. Rollisons of Tooting for the possession of this 
truly beautiful plant. It seems to have been introduced 
from Brazil to Paris, and probably by the late lamented 
M. Guillemin, to the Jardin des Plantes, whence it was sent 
to Messrs. Rollisons by Mr. Neumann of that establish- 
ment. Our young plant soon flowered in the winter, 
December and January of last year, and again it is in high 
beauty in the present month of May. It is a climber, 
thriving well in the moist heat of our Orchideous house, and 
makes a most handsome appearance, if trained about the 
wire trellices which are now so commonly and so success- 
fully attached to the pots which contain climbing plants. 
It has been found by Mr. Gardner in woods of the Corco- 
vado, Brazil, and is n. 72 (2) of his Collection : and is per- 
fectly distinct from the N. chloromena, (Mart. Nov. Gen. 
Bras. v. 3. p. 47. t. 219,) which is n. 5531 of Mr. Gardner; 
but De Candolle seems to think it possible that the N. 
corticola, Schrad. (N. ionema Mart.) may be the same, 
though the colour of the flower is described as very dif- 

Descr. A soft -wooded, half-shrubby, climbing, and 
radicant plant ; with opposite, fleshy, elliptical or subovate, 
petiolated glabrous leaves, entire, or sometimes here and 
there serrated. From the axils of these leaves the long, 
slender peduncles, twice or thrice the length of the leaves, 
hang down, apparently drooping with the weight of the 
large richly-coloured flowers. Calyx hairy, deeply cut, for 
more than three-quarters of the way down, into five lanceo- 
late, coarsely serrated segments. Corolla rich scarlet, ob- 
liquely protruded between two of the segments, gibbous at 
the base, inflated at the throat, but there laterally, singularly 
pinched or compressed. Limb of five short, revolute, lobes. 
Stamens as long as the corolla. Anthers united. Pollen 
yellow. Ovary free, oblong, and, as well as the lower part 
of the style, hairy. On one side, at the base, is a large, 
fleshy gland. 

Fig. 1. Lower part of the Corolla and Stamens. 2. Pistil and Gland. 
6. Section of the Ovary -.—magnified. 

A /,/' 

,-r. JuruJ l&f3 


( 4019 ) 



Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Ternstrcemiace*.) 

Generic Character 

Calyx bracteatus. Sepala 5. Petala 5 — 6. Stamina 
numerosa basi monadelpha et cum petalis connata. Stylus 
simplex angulatus. Stigma lobatum. Ovarium 5-loculare. 
Ovula biseriatim inserta ex angulo centrali. Capsula ob- 
longa, lignosa, 5-locularis, 5-valvis, polyspermy. Semina 
imbricata superne alata. — Frutex Chinensis ; foliis obovatis 
glabris integris v. serratis ; floribus axillaribus solitariis 
subsessilibus. Don. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 



Polyspora * axillaris. 

Polyspora axillaris. Don, Diet, of Gard. and Bot. v. I. p. 

Camellia axillaris. Roxb.—Ker, Bot. Reg. t. 349. Sims 

Bot. Mag. t. 2047. 
Gordonia anomala. Spreng. Syst. Veget. 3. p. 126. 

So little justice has been done to this extremely beautiful 
plant, by any figure which has yet been given to it, that 
our readers will not be displeased at seeing the present 
representation, taken from a specimen which flowered m the 
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, in November, 1842. Ihe 


* So named by Sweet, apparently from *oto<, many, and <nro/w, a seed : 
from the numerous seeds in the cells of the capsule. 

plant was given to us by Mr. Makoy of Liege. It is said 
to be a native of Pulo Penang ; but I possess fruit-bear- 
ing specimens, from which the accompanying capsule was 
drawn, brought to me by Mr. Livingstone from China, 
where, however, it is probably only cultivated. Much as 
the general appearance resembles Camellia, the fruit is 
quite different, and seems to justify Mr. Sweet in consti- 
tuting a new Genus of it. Endlicher, indeed, refers it to 
Gordonia, to which it has a near affinity. 

Descr. Shrubby, branched. Leaves alternate, oblong- 
obovate, obtuse, coriaceous, dark glossy green above, paler 
below, the margin quite entire, except some of the lower 
leaves, which are more or less serrated. Petioles short. 
Flowers clustered upon short, terminal branches, on which 
the leaves appear to be reduced to foliaceous bracteas. 
Calyx of five imbricated, ohcordate sepals, with two or 
three scales at the base, green below, the rest dark brown. 
Petals large, cream-coloured, broadly -obcordate, nearly 
equal, with a sixth external and smaller one on the outside, 
tipped with brown. Stamens numerous. Filaments yellow, 
united by their bases among themselves, and to the petals. 
Anthers yellow, oblong, two-celled, opening longitudinally, 
orange-yellow as well as the pollen. Ovary nearly glo- 
bose, silky, tapering into a thickened, angular style, as long 
as the stamens, five-celled : each cell with two rows ot 
ovules attached to the inner angle. Stigma lobed. Capsule 
oblong-obovate, brown, marked near the top with five 
obsolete furrows, very hard and woody, and though, in my 
specimens, apparently mature, difficult to force open. Seeds 
with a broad wing above. 

Fig. 1. Pistil. 2. Section of the Germen : magnified. 3. Capsule : nat. 
size. 4. Seed : magnified. 


-^"<* t /Iff 3. 

( 4020 ) 


Balsam ; or Touch me not. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — BalsaminejE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Anther ce quinque, nempe 3-loculares,, 2 ante petal um 
supeiius 1-loculares. Stigmata 5 coalita. Capsula prisma- 
tico-teretiuscula elongata, valvis a basi ad apicem extror- 
sum revolutis. Cotyledones plariiusculae. Pedunculi axil- 
lares ramosi multiflori. Capsuled glabrae. Folia alterna. 

Specific Character arid Synonyms. 

Impatiens glanduligera ; annua erecte, foliis verticillatis 
ternatis ovato-lanceolatis argute serratis Serraturis ba- 
seosglaudulosis, stipulis teretibus clavatis glandulosis, 
pedunculis axil lari bus subterminalibus 3-floris, sepalo 
dorsali integro mutico, calcare brevi inflexo, petalo- 
rum lobo altero rotundato altero dimidiato oblongo 
obtuso subfalcato, fructu brevi obovato. Lindl. 

Impatiens glanduligera. Roy le Must r. Himal. Mount. 151. 
t. 28./ 2, Lindl. Bot. Reg. 1840, t. 22. 

This is one of many desirable hardy plants of the North 
of India which have of late years been introduced to 
Europe by the liberality of the East India Company, 
through Dr. Royle. The present was, indeed, first de- 
scribed by that gentleman, who obtained the species from 
Cashmere seed. Notwithstanding the peculiarity of climate 
which prevails in the hill country of India, where this plant 
is a native, almost all seasons in this country seem to be 


favorable to its growth : for, though a moist atmosphere sin- 
gularly favors the rapid growth of this plant, yet, dry as 
was the summer of last year, in my own private garden, it 
came to great perfection. And this summer, there is a most 
abundant crop of self-sown plants, which only require to be 
thinned out, and thus an annual supply may without diffi- 
culty be kept up. In the earlier stage of the plant, its 
coarse dark foliage is very unpromising ; but when the 
copious flowers come to perfection, it will be seen that few 
annuals are better worthy of a place in every good-sized 
flower garden. The flowers are in the greatest perfection 
in autumn. 

Descr. An annual plant, six to ten or twelve feet high, 
with a very thick somewhat hollow stem, and copious 
branches and foliage. Leaves three to five inches long, 
ovate, or between ovate and lanceolate, sharply serrated, 
the serratures at the base glandular, and decurrent upon 
the petiole. Stipules clothed with thick, glaudular hairs. 
The peduncles, with their three or more flowers, are so 
copious towards the top of the plant from the axils of the 
leaves, that they may be said to form a large, leafy panicle. 
Flowers large, dark purple, succeeded by the seed-vessels 
of the same hue, which, when ripe, or nearly so, burst on 
the slightest touch with a remarkably elastic force, and 
disperse the seed far and wide. 

Fig. 1. Ripe Seed-vessel: — nat. size. 


ex, June 

( 4021 ) 

Brassavola venosa. Vein-lipped 


Glass and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala et petala subaequalia, libera, acuminata. Label- 
lum cucullatum, integrum, columnam involvens. Columna 
marginata, clavata, stigmate infundibular!, clinandrio pos- 
tice tridentato. Pollinia 8, subaequalia, quibusdam aliis 
parvis interjectis. Anthera 4-Iocularis, septis marginatis, 
loculis semibipartitis.— Herbae caulescentes, epiphytes, apice 
folium unicum v. alterum, semicylindraceum, carnosum, 
supra sulcatum, apice subulatum gerentes. F lores termi- 
nates, magni, speciosi. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Brassavola venosa; folio lineari-lanceolato coriaceo-car- 
noso superne canalicular sepalis petalisque lineari- 
lanceolatis, labelli ungue elongato serrato, lamina cor- 
data acuminata venosa basi subserrata. 

Brassavola venosa. Lindl. Bot. Reg. 1840. Misc. n. 24. 
et t. 39. 

In the form and serratures of the lip, we fear the species 
of Brassavola, as is the case with so many other Orchideae 
are very liable to vary. That this plant is identical with 
the B. venosa of Dr. Lindley, there is, probably, little 
doubt, but the labellum is not so serrated, and the lamina 
less disposed to be three-lobed. It was drawn m July, from 
a plant that flowered in the Royal Botanic Gardens of Kew. 
Much as it resembles B. nodosa, (Bot. Mag. t. JAW,) as 


Dr. Lindlev observes, it seems to us still more closely allied 
to B. cordata, (Bot. Mag. t. 3782,) differing chiefly in the 
size of the flower and breadth of the leaf, to which Dr. 
Lindley adds, " in the firmness of the lip, which is more or 
less evidently lobed at the side," (a variable character,) 
" and has the veins distinctly elevated." 

It flowered in the stove of the Royal Botanic Gardens, 
and is certainly the finest of all the Brassavolas. 

Fig. 1. Column and Anther. 2. Anther-case. 3. Pollen-masses: — mag- 


Pub b„ 

C 4022 ) 

Cestrum viridiflorum. Green-flowered 



Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Solane^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx tubuloso-campanulatus, 5-dentatus. Corolla in- 
fundibuliformis limbo plicato 5-fido. Stamina tubo inserta 
subdenticulata. Bacca 1-locularis, polysperma. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Cestrum viridiflorum; totum pilis stellatis tomentosum, 
filarnentis edentulis, foliis ovato-Ianceolatis breviter 
petiolatis supra demum nudis, spicis simplicibus axil- 
laribus pedunculatis folio brevioribus, bracteis lineari- 
lanceolatis calycem asquantibus deciduis, calycis cylin- 
dracei dentibus tubum dimidio aequautibus, corollae 
tubo elongato gracili superne campanulato, limbo 
quinquepartito patente. 

My first knowledge of this highly fragrant Cestrum was 
from specimens, sent by Mr. Tweedie from Porto Alegre in 
South Brazil, where it is seen in woods, and it was re- 
marked that it diffused a sweet scent at night, as is fre- 
quently the case with flowers of this peculiar colour. It was 
afterwards, in 1836, transmitted by the same indefatigable 
collector from woods of St. Janvier, and on the eastern side 
of the Cordillera, in Tucuman. At the same time seeds of 
it were sent by Mr. Tweedie to Mr. D. Moore of the Glas- 
nevin Botanic Garden, where flowering plants were produc- 
ed last year. This able cultivator observes that, " though 
the flowers are not very showy, they are produced very 


abundantly, and the plant appears to be of easy culture 
in a cool stove, flowering when eighteen inches or two 
feet high. I should, therefore, say, seeing how deliciously 
fragrant its blossoms are at night, (less, however, in the 
day,) that it possesses sufficient merit to render it rather a 
general favorite in collections. It flowers in the autumn 
and early winter, and, probably, will do so for many 
months in the year." It is nearly allied to C. strigillatum 
(Ruiz and Pavon) of Peru, and that has cordate leaves. 

Descr. A straggling shrub, everywhere, except the 
upper surface of the old leaves and the inside of the corolla, 
clothed with a dense, stellate tomentum; but especially on 
the underside of the foliage. Leaves alternate, three, four, 
and five inches long, ovato-lanceolate, entire, penninerved. 
Spikes of flowers axillary, sometimes sessile or nearly so, 
but more generally pedunculated, always shorter than the 
leaves. Calyx bracteated, tubular, with the five teeth about 
one-half the length of the tube. Corolla pale yellowish- 
green, the tube twice the length of the calyx, very slender, 
dilated and campanulate at the apex, where the limb is 
set on, which forms five spreading, ovate lobes. Fila- 
ments short, arising from the top of the slender part of the 
tube, without teeth. Anthers two-lobed. Ovary on a 
fleshy base. Style rather longer than the tube of the 
corolla. Stigma capitate, depressed. 

Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Pistil. : — magnified. 

US trSCw** r,7.i xawvedMnK Jim. 

( 4023 ) 



Class and Order. 

Tetrandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Proteace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium irregulare, foliolis distinctis secundis. Sta- 
mina apicibus cavis perianthii immersa. Glandule hypo- 
gynae 3, secundse. Ovarium pedicellatum, polyspermuin. 
Stylus persistens. Stigma obliquum, dilatatum, subrotun- 
dum, planiusculum. Folliculus ovali-oblongus. Semina 
apice alata; ala marginata, disco evasculoso. — Frutices. 
Folia alterna, in plerisque divisa v. dentata, rarius integer- 
rima, quandoque in eodemfrutice varia. Racemi terminates, 
interdum axillares, elongati, laxi, nunc abbreviati, corym- 
bosi, paribus pedicellorum unibracteatis. Flores ochroleuci. 
Involucrum nullum. Seminis nucleus farina sulphurea con- 
spersus. Br. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Lomatia ilicifolia; foliis ovatis oblongis elliptico-lanceola- 
tisve spinoso-dentatis reticularis, adultis glabnusculis, 
racemis elongatis, perianthiis pilis appressis, pistillis 
glaberrimis. Br. 

Lomatia ilicifolia. Br. Prodr. \.p. 390. Suppl.p. S3. 

(«.) ovata; foliis oblongo-ovatis, racemis termmalibus et e 
summis alis. Br. Suppl. I. c. 

(3.) glabrata; foliis elliptico lanceolatis, racemis termma- 
libus, petiolis ramulisque adultis glabns. Br. I. c. 

(y.) axillaris; foliis elliptico-lanceolatis, petiolis ramulis- 
que pubescentibus, racemis axillanbus. Br. I. c. 

(i.) pinnatifida; foliis non raro pinnatifidis. ( lab.noslr. 

4023.) A .. 


Apparently a very variable species, and of extensive loca- 
lity in Australia. Mr. Brown mentions his first var. a. as an 
inhabitant of the southern and eastern coasts, /3. as a native 
of Port Jackson, and y. of Wilson's Promontory, also on 
the south coast. Our cultivated plant in the Royal Botanic 
Gardens of Kew has the leaves extremely variable on differ- 
ent parts of the same specimen,, whence I have been led to 
constitute a fourth variety. It is an ornamental plant, both 
in its copious evergreen foliage and in its long compound 
spikes of white flowers, which are plentifully produced in 
August. With us, it thrives well in a peaty or heath soil, 
simply protected by a frame. 

Descr. A low evergreen shrub, with alternate leaves, 
very variable in form, but in our specimens generally be- 
tween ovate and lanceolate, four to eight inches long, cori- 
aceous, harsh and rigid, waved, acuminate at both extre- 
mities, and often pinnatifid, penninerved, and strongly 
reticulated. The margins sinuato-dentate, or almost spinu- 
lose. In our plant the raceme is terminal, so much branch- 
ed as almost to become a panicle. Pedicels single-flowered, 
solitary, or two or three together, three-quarters of an inch 
to an inch long, glabrous, or slightly pubescent. Flowers 
yellowish-white. Perianth a little silky, irregular : the 
sepals at first opening only on one side, all leaning one way 
and recurved at the apex, at length spreading open in four 
unequal pieces, each bearing an anther in a hollow of the 
revolute extremity. Ovary on a long pedicel, which has 
three yellow glands at the base. Style curved. Stigma 

Fig. 1. Flower before its full expansion. 2. The same spread open : mag* 

; / 

I'll!' hi/ S.Curtis I'lii' OOrOOtL /{i'.vci' .////// 1 ' M''/:_> 

C 4024 ) 

Pharbitis Tyrianthina. Tyrian-purple 



Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Convolvulace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-sepalus. Corolla campanulata, aut campanu- 
lato-infundibuliformis. Stylus 1. Stigma capitato-granu- 
latum. Ovarium 3-, rarius 4-, loculare, loculis dispermis. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Pharbitis Tyrianthina; radice tuberosa, caule volubili fru- 
ticoso verrucoses foliis subrotundis cordatis acuminatis 
molliter villosis, pedunculis multifloris folio longiori- 
bus, corolla infundibular! calyce villoso 4-plo longiore. 

Ipom^a Tyrianthina. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 1838. Miscell. 
n. 162. 

Our first knowledge of this exquisitely coloured flower is 
derived from the Miscellaneous portion of Dr. Lindley's 
Botanical Register, where that author gives the above 
specific character, with the remark that " this is a most 
beautiful plant, for which our gardens are indebted to 
George Frederick Dickson, Esq., who obtained the seeds 
from Mexico, and presented them to the Horticultural 
Society. One of the houses in the garden at Chiswick 
was richly ornamented with it in October last (1838). 
Neither Ipom^ea rubro-carulea, nor I. Horsfallicz, nor any 
of the other noble species which have found their way to 
Europe of late years, can exceed this in the richness of its 
colour, which is of a peculiar tint, resembling nothing so 


vol. XVI. m 

much as the deepest purple ever seen in the finest varieties 
of Petunia violacea. As the flowers are fully two inches 
and a half long, and grow in clusters upon the end of long, 
graceful peduncles, the rich effect of this species may be 
easily imagined/' 

It may well be supposed that such a plant, cultivated in 
Mrs. Lawrence's stove, with all the skill for which that 
princely establishment is celebrated, would be an object 
worthy of attention, and it was there that our figure was 
made in October of last year, from a truly splendid 
specimen, cultivated in a large pot ; and having its 
branches, with their copious foliage, trained round a basket 
trellice, its numerous flowers, of the most perfectly sym- 
metrical form, were set off to great advantage. 

Descr. The figure, difficult as the colour is to be imi- 
tated by art, will give a better idea of the plant than mere 
words can do. It is, like many of the Genus, a twiner, 
woody below; the younger branches herbaceous, and 
having the hairs erecto-patent. Leaves large, heart-shaped, 
with a deep narrow sinus at the base, the apex acuminated, 
the margin entire; hairy on both sides, but especially 
beneath. Petiole one inch and a half long. Peduncle 
elongated, hairy, bearing about three to four flowers; 
pedicels an inch long, hairy, bracteated. Calyx of five 
imbricated, elliptical -lanceolate, appressed, hairy sepals. 
Corolla, in our specimen, full four inches across its spread- 
ing limb t the tube funnel-shaped, equalling in length the 
breadth of the limb ; and externally the corolla is of the 
same vivid Tyrian purple as the inner surface. 

Pj/A /'/.- 

( 4025 ) 

Begonia acuminata. Point-leaved 
Begonia ; or Elephant's Ear. 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Begoniace^;. ) 

Generic Character. 

Masc. Calyx o. Corolla polypetala, petalis plerumque 
4, inaequalibus. Fcem. Calyx o. Corolla petalis 4 — 9, 
plerumque inaequalibus. Styli 3 bifidi. Capsula triquetra, 
alata, trilocularis, polysperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Begonia acuminata ; caulescens, foliis hispidis subplicatis 
semicordato-ovatis acuminatis lobatis inciso-serratis, 
capsula? ala maxima oblique triangulari-ovata reliquis 
parvis acutangulis subaequalibus. 

Begonia acuminata. Dryand. in Trans. Linn. Soc. v. I. p. 
166. t. 14./. 5, 6. Willd. Sp. PL v. 4. p. 417. Hort. 
Kew. ed. 2. v. 5. p. 284. Ker 3 in Bot. Reg. t. 364. 
Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 2. p. 626. 

The various species of Begonia have not been valued 
by Horticulturists in general, according to their merits. 
As stove plants, few families present a greater variety of 
colour and form in their foliage than they do : they are 
easily increased, ready flowerers, and the blossoms are 
highly beautiful. A collection of various species, grouped 
together, as is now the case in the Royal Gardens of 
Kew, is at all seasons of the year attractive; and from 
among this group the present one, though far indeed from 
being the handsomest, is selected. It was introduced to 
this establishment by Sir Joseph Banks, from Jamaica, 


in 1790, and flowers, more or less copiously, from May 
to December. 

Descr. Our plant rises with several weak, though 
rather stout, fleshy, semi-pellucid, reddish stems, having a 
few scattered patent hairs, to the height of three or four 
feet, branched. Leaves on short, rounded petioles, two to 
three inches long, succulent, very oblique, or, in other 
words, semi-cordato-ovate, hispid, plaited at the nerves, 
acuminate, lobed and inciso-serrate at the margin. Stipules 
ovate, membranous, deciduous. Peduncles axillary, longer 
than the leaves, hispid, bearing three to five flowers. Male 
flowers consisting of four, white petals, two large and acute, 
two about half that size and obtuse. Female flowers with 
five white petals, of which two are smaller. Fruit with one 
large and two small membranous wings. 

Fig. 1. Section of a Capsule : — magnified. 


( 4026 ) 
Osbeckia Chinensis. Chinese Osbeckia. 


Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Melastomace*. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calycis tufois ovatus saepius setis stellatis aut pube stel- 
lata vestitus ; lobi 4—5 persistentes aut decidui ; appen- 
dices inter lobos extus ortae forma et rnagnitudine vari*. 
Petala 4—5. Stamina 8—10, filamentis glabris, anthens 
subaequalibus breve rostratis connective) basi breve biaun- 
cnlato. Ovarium apice setosum. Capsula 4— 5-loculans. 
Semina cochleata.— Herba3 aut scepius suffrutices, Arneri- 
cani, Africani, aut Asiatici. Folia integerrima 3—5 nervia. 
Plores terminates. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Osbeckia Chinensis; herbacea, caule tetraquetro, foliis 
subsessilibus lanceolato-oblongis 3-nervns hispidulis 
subcrenulatis, floribus cymosis tenninalibus paucis, 
calycis haemisphzerici lobis 4—5 lineanbus acntis seto- 
sis deciduis. „ _ , ._ „ 

Osbeckia Chinensis. Linn. Sp. PL p. 490. Osbecks Voy 
(Engl, ed.) p. 342. t. 2. Sot. Reg. t. 542 Be 
Cand. Prodr v. 3. p. 141. Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 2. 
p. 312. 

A very lovely plant, with spreading branches, dark co- 
loured copious foliage, and bearing abundance of flowers 
in the spring months when kept in a moist warm stove. It 
is considered to be identical with the plant ot Loureiro 
and Osbeck, and consequently of Linn^us ; though I have 
not the means of identifying this point. Nor do I know 
through what channel it was first introduced to our gar- 

dens ; probably by Messrs. Colvill, of the King's Road, 
Chelsea, where it was described by Mr. Ker, in 1821. 
Osbeck gathered it on hills, not far from Canton, flow- 
ering in September. It is there known by a name which 
is equivalent to plume of golden roses, from which we may 
infer that it is much prized by the Chinese, by whom it is 
sold in the apothecaries' shops, being taken in infusion 
for the colic, and used in fomentations for sprains and 

Descr. A shrub, with rather slender, copious, decussate, 
four-sided, hispid, spreading branches. Leaves opposite, 
ovato-lanceolate, nearly sessile, entire, three-nerved, cili- 
ated on the margin, and chiefly on the nerves beneath, 
which are very prominent. Cymes of three flowers, simple 
or compound. Flowers very handsome. Calyx-tube ovate, 
quite naked, limb of five recurved, acute segments, hispid 
at the apex with simple hairs, and at the sinus is generally 
a stellated tuft of hair. Corolla of five large, rich, palish- 
purple, broadly-obovate petals. Stamens ten. Filaments 
thickened upwards. Anthers oblong, corrugated in front, 
yellow, terminating in a longish beak, opening by a single 
pore. Germen subglobose, the lower part united with the 
base of the tube of the calyx, the rest free : the apex 
tipped with rigid, erect hairs. Style as long as the sta- 
mens, curved at the apex. Stigma capitate. 

Fig. 1. Section of a Calyx (with Stamens) and Germen. 2. Stamen: 


( 4027 ) 

Canavalia ensiformis. Overlook; or 
Jamaica Horse-Bean. 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Leguminosjs. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx tubulosus bilabiatus, labius infer, dentibus 3 acutis 
parvis, super, lobis 2 ampiis rotundatis. Corollce vexillum 
amplum bicallosum, callis parallelis; ake stipitatae oblon- 
gae auriculatae ; carina dipetala. Stamina monadelpha aut 
decimo subadhaerente. Legumen compressum tricarinatum 
nempe infra et juxta suturam superiorem nervo protube- 
rante suturae parallelo utrinque instructum, mucrone inflexo 
terminatum, rnembranis cellulosis inter semina donatum. 
Semina ovali-oblonga., hilo lineari. — Herbas aut suffrutices, 
ramis volubilibus,foliis pinnato-trifoliatis. Racemi axillares 
multiflori, pedicellis ternis. Flores ampli purpurascentes. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Canavaua ensiformis; foliolis ovatis acutis,, leguminibus 
latitudine quintuplo et ultra longioribus. 

Canavaua ensiformis. De Cand. Prodr. 2. p. 404. Mac- 
fad. FL Jam. I. p. 292. 

Dolichos ensiformis. Linn. Sp. PL p. 1022. Lam. Diet. 
2. p. 295. Spreng. SysL Veget. v. 3. p. 250. 

Dolichos acinaciformis. Jacq. Coll. 1. p. 114. Ic. Rar. t. 

Where there is ample room in a warm stove this climber 
is well worthy of a place. It has generally been considered 
to be a native of Jamaica; sometimes of the East Indies; 
but, in this latter case, it seems to have been confounded 


with the C. gladiata, a truly Indian plant. Our friend, Dr. 
M'Fadyen, whose book, above quoted, is full of valuable 
remarks, observes, " Sloane considers this species to be 
indigenous to the island of Jamaica, and says that the 
seeds were, in his time, used by some as food, and given to 
fatten hogs. I do not find, however, on enquiry, that any 
use is, at present, made of them, except that they are 
commonly planted by the Negroes, along the margin of 
their provision grounds, from a superstitious notion, pro- 
bably of African origin, but very generally entertained, 
that the <c Overlook " fulfils the part of a watchman, and, 
from some dreaded power ascribed to it, protects the 
property from plunder. Even the better informed adopt 
the practice, although, they themselves may not place 
confidence in any particular influence which this humble 
plant can exercise, either in preventing theft, or in punish- 
ing it when committed." The above notion of its being a 
native of Africa, seems to be confirmed by the fact, that 
the seeds from which our present plant was raised, were 
sent to Mr. Veitch, of Mount Radford, Exeter, from Ashan- 
tee, together with those of many other native plants. It 
flowered in Mr. Veitch's Nursery, in November, 1842. 

Descr. It is said to be an annual, and in Jamaica is 
yearly planted along the margin of provision grounds. 
The stems are several feet in length. Leaves large, rotun- 
dato-ovate, acute. Peduncles axillary, in our specimens, a 
span and more long, terminated by a raceme of large, 
handsome, purple flowers : these flowers are seated upon 
globular, fleshy excrescences. The calyx is cylindrical, 
green dotted with brown ; the upper lip of two large, 
rounded lobes, the lower of three small teeth. Vexillum 
large, obovate. Alee smaller than the carina, which latter 
is very obtuse. Ovary linear, silky, stipitate, arising from 
a glandular ring. The legume is described by Dr. 
M'Fadyen as about a foot long, scimitar-shaped, with 
three keels or elevated lines along the outside. Seeds 
oblong, plump, white, with the hilum brown. 

. r Fi f: L P °rtion of the Rachis, with a Calyx, Stamens, and Pistil. 2. 
Vexillum. 3. Carina. 4. Pistil:— magnified. 


( 4028 ) 

Megaclinium maximum. Largest Mega- 


Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Pollinia 4, cereacea aequalia geminatim cohaerentia, cau- 
dicula glandulaque nullis. Anthera terminals, opereularis,. 
persistens mirmta unilocularis. Stigma parvum intrusuin, 
rostello emarginato. Columna plana, abbreviata, apice bi- 
cuspidata. Labellum integerrimum cum pede column* 
elastice articulatum. Sepala exteriora basi connata : supe- 
nore difformi, interioribus nanis. — Herbae epiphytce, oligo- 
phylla, ccespitosce, bulbosce, (Africce et Asice inter tropicos). 
Scapi radicales simplices: rachidibus dilatatis. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Megaclinium* maximum; sepalo supremo acuto lateralibus 
margine involutis acuminatissimis reflexis, labello line- 
ari revoluto. Lindl. 

Megaclinium maximum. Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1909. Gen. 
et Sp. Orchid, p. 47. 

One of the many strange vegetable features of the vege- 
table kingdom, for which the Orchideous family is so 
remarkable. In the species of this Genus, the rachis, or 
stalk immediately bearing the flowers, is broad, flat, and 
sword-shaped, and upon each side of this, the very sin- 

* So named by Dr. Lindley from /*«y«c, large, and x*m, a bed, in allu- 
sion to the broad, sword-shaped bed or rachis of the flowers. 

gular blossoms are inserted, and the appearance of these 
flowers is more like little tadpoles, than any production of 
the vegetable kingdom. The present kind was, as we are 
informed by Dr. Lindley, first collected by Smeathman in 
Sierra Leone ; and afterwards living specimens were sent 
to Mr. Loddiges, through whose means the plant is now 
known in our Collections. With us, its flowering season 
is June and July. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs oblong, broad at the base, lon- 
gitudinally marked with obtuse angles, and having a few 
sheathing scales. Leaves two or three, terminating the 
pseudo-bulb, ligulate, rather coriaceous. Scape arising 
from the base of the pseudo-bulb, much longer than the 
leaves, for more than half its length from the apex, sin- 
gularly dilated and flattened, forming a sword -shaped 
rachis, toothed at the margin, along the middle of which, on 
the two opposite sides, the flowers are produced in a line 
from the base to the apex. These are sessile, and arise 
singly from a sort of articulation, at the centre of which is 
a small subulate, reflexed bractea. The perianth is yellow- 
green, variously spotted with blood-coloured dots, gen- 
erally minute, some larger. Upper sepal erect, obovate 
or broadly spathulate, thick and fleshy at the sides, almost 
destitute of spots : the side sepals are spreading, triangular, 
with a very broad base, the apex having the sides involute, 
so as to form a narrow point. Petals spreading, very 
small, spotless, linear. Lip also small, linear, reflexed, 
dotted. Column short. Anther hemispherical. Pollen- 
masses of two cereaceous, yellow lobes. 

Fig. 1 Front view of a Flower. 2. Anther-case. 3, 4. Pollen-masses: 
— magnified. 

■■' /<*». 

( 4029 ) 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Rutace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 4-dentatus persistens. Petala 4 basi subconni- 
ventia aut in tubum longe coalita. Stamina 8 sub disco 
hypogyno ? 8-glanduloso inserta. Ovarium 8-sulcatum. 
Stylus 1 persistens. Capsula 4-cocca, loculis truncatis com- 
pressis. Semina in loculis 2—3 nitida intus adfixa, cotyle- 
donibus ovalibus extus connexis. — Frutices, foliis oppositis 
integris pube squamosa (Hippophaes more) obtectis, pedi- 
cellis l-Jloris. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Corr^a pulchella; stellato-pubescens, foliis breyiter petio- 
latis cordato-ovatis obtusis undulatis adultis glabris, 
floribus solitariis pendulis, calyce truncato vix dentato, 
corolla tubulosa (roseo-cocciuea) fauce paululum dila- 

tata. m t i 

Corrjea pnlchella. Mackay in Sw. Fl. Australas. Tab. I. 
Bot. Reg. t. 1224. Lodd. Bot. Cab. t. 1684. 

For our plants of this very beautiful species of Corrjja, 
the Royal Gardens are indebted to Messrs. Lowe of Clap- 
ton. It was first introduced at their nursery in 1824, by 
their collector, Mr. Baxter, from Kangaroo Island, on the 
South coast of New Holland. It is among the handsomest 
of all the species, and the flowers are well relieved by the 
dark green foliage. With us, its copious blossoms are pro- 
duced in a cool -reenhouse, during the early spring months. 

Descr. Thi* forms a firm, but gracefully growing 
shrub, a foot and a half to two feet high, the decussate 


branches and young foliage clothed with rusty, stellated 
tomentum. Leaves almost sessile, cordato -ovate, obtuse, 
waved, entire, in age losing their tomentum, dark green 
above, paler beneath. Flowers solitary, pendulous. Pe- 
duncles short. Calyx hemispherical, truncate, with five 
very minute teeth, downy. Corolla nearly two inches long, 
tubular, red, slightly downy, somewhat dilated, and having 
four moderately spreading teeth. Stamens protruded. 
Anthers ovate, yellow. Ovary four-lobed, hairy or silky, 
four glandular depressions are at its base. 

Fig. 1. Calyx and Pistil. 2. Ovary: — magnified. 


\. < 

V ' 1 18 f 3 . 

( 4030 ) 
Rosa Brunonii. Mr. Brown's Rose. 

Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Rosacea. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calycis tubus apice contractus, limbo 5-partito, lobis per 
aestivationem apice subspiraliter imbricatis saepe pinnatim 
rectis. Pet. 5. Stam. oo. Carpella plurima calycis tubo 
demum baccato inserta et in eo inclusa, sicca indehiscentia 
subcrustacea, e latere interiore stylum gerentia, sty lis e ca- 
lycis tubo coarctato exsertis, nunc omnind liberis, nunc in 
stylum columnarem accretis. Semen in achenio solitarium 
exalbuminosum inversum. Embryo rectus, cotyledonibus 
planiusculis. — Frutices aut arbusculae ; foliis scepius impari- 
pmnatiStfoliolis serratis, stipulis petiolo adnatis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Rosa Brunonii; aculeis caulinis validis arcuatis, foliolis 
5 — 7 lanceolatis utrinque pilosis subtus glandulosis 
discoloribus, stipulis adnatis angustis acutis integerri- 
mis, floribus corymbosis, pedunculis calycibusque pilo- 
sis hispidulisque, sepalis subintegris, stylis in colum- 
nam longissimampubescentem cohaerentibus, fructibus 

Rosa Brunonii. Lindl. Monogr. Ros. p. 120. t. 14. De 
Cand. Prodr. 2. p. 598. 

Rosa Brownii. Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 2. p. 556. 

Rosa Brunonis. Wall. Cat. n. 689. 

A native of Nepal and Kamoon, whence it has been sent 
by Dr. Wallich to the Royal Gardens of Kew, where, 
planted against a wall facing the West, it proves per- 
fectly hardy, and, in the summer months, it makes a 



handsome appearance with its large corymbs of white or 
slightly cream-coloured,, fragrant flowers, which, in age, 
assume another tint, being then singularly spotted with 
dingy purple. Our plant seems less glandular and downy 
than that figured and described by Dr. Lindley, and is 
probably the var. depilata, Lindl., in Wall. Cat., from 
Kamoon. Dr. Lindley, in his " Rosarum Monographia," 
alludes to its affinity with R. moschata, a species supposed 
to be peculiar to Africa, and De Candolle says, " an var. 
R. moschata?" but the latter, having been now found in 
Nepal, satisfies Dr. Lindley that the distinguishing features 
do not depend on climate, and that the two are truly dis- 
tinct. Bat Seringe (in De Candolle) has strangely trans- 
ferred Dr. Lindley's var. of moschata, given in Bot. Reg., 
t. 829, to the present species. 

Descr. It is a much spreading, and probably, if suffered 
to grow naturally, a climbing shrub, with long, slender, 
young branches, nearly glabrous, and beset with rather 
stout, hooked prickles. Stipules linear, acute, quite entire. 
Petioles and leaves indistinctly (to the naked eye) hairy and 
glandular. Leaflets five to seven, broadly lanceolate, plane, 
acuminate, serrated, the serratures simple, close. Flowers 
in large, copious-flowered corymbs. Bracteas narrow-lan- 
ceolate, the sides involute. Peduncles nearly glabrous, 
or with minute hairs and glands, and even short seta?. 
Calyx -tube ovato- turbinate, downy and setose; sepals 
shorter than the petals, lanceolate, acuminate, entire, and 
slightly pinnatifid. Petals roundish, approaching to ob- 
cordate, yellowish -white or cream-coloured, when old 
blotched with small, purplish spots. 


( 4031 ) 

Eranthemum montanum. Mountain 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Acanthace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus, sequalis. Cor. hypocrateriformis, v. elon- 
gato-infundibuliformis, tubo longo gracili, limbo subaequali. 
Stamina duo fertilia circa os tubi adnata, longe decur- 
rentia ; duo sterilia brevissima, filamentis longiorum basi 
connexa ; in speciebus nonnullis anomalis haec rudimenta 
omnind desunt. Antherce exsertae, bilocellata?, mutieae, 
locellis parallelis contiguis, texturae densioris. Capsula in- 
ferne compressa, valvulis contiguis, asperma; superhis bilo- 
cularis tetrasperma. Dissepimentum adnatum. Semina 
discoidea, retinaculis suffulta.— Inflorescentia : spica, brac- 
ieis communibus majoribus aut minoribus y bracteolis omnium 
parvis oppositis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Eranthemum montanum; caule teretiusculo (tetragono) 
foliisque oblongis utrinque attenuatis repando-crenatis 
(integerrimisque) glabris, pedunculis terminalibus tn- 
chotomis spicisque pubescenti-viscidis, bracteis lanceo- 
lato-attenuatis ciliatis. Nees. 

Eranthemum montanum. Roxb. FL Ind. I. p. 110 ed. 
Cur. Wall. p. 110. Roem. et Sch. Syst. Veget. 1. p. 
150. Wall. Cat. n. 2492. b. c. d. (not aj Wight Ic. 
PL Ind. Or. v. %p. 466. Wight, Cat. n. 2004. 

Justicia montana. Roxb. PL Corom. 2. t. 177. 

" A very beautiful flowering shrub/' as Dr. Roxburgh 
justly calls it, a native of the Circar mountains. It is^also 


found by Dr. Wight, probably not unfrequently in the 
Madras Peninsula ; and I possess numerous specimens 
from Colonel and Mrs. Walker, gathered in Ceylon. It is 
allied to E. strictum; but abundantly distinct in the very 
different bracteas, larger size, in the colour of the flower, 
and the much longer tube. Nees described four varie- 
ties, chiefly differing in the nature of the bracteas, and in the 
hairiness about them and the calyx : the stem also seems to 
vary. Nees von Esenbeck describes it as " teretiusculus." 
Roxburgh says that the young shoots are four-sided. In 
ours the branches are acutely tetragonal. It flowers copi- 
ously in the stove in April and May. 

Descr. Stems weak. Branches four-sided, erect. Leaves 
petioled, ovato-lanceolate, acuminate, membranaceous, four 
to six inches long, entire, or, sometimes, according to 
Nees, repando-crenate, glabrous, strongly nerved. Panicle 
trifid, much longer than the leaves. Bracteas linear-lance- 
olate, alternate, more or less glanduloso-ciliate. Calyx 
five-partite, clothed with patent hairs, glandular at their 
apices ; segments subulate, erect. Corolla lilac, or rose- 
purple. Tube very long, curved. Limb of five deep, nearly 
regular, patent, obcordate, waved lobes, striated and reti- 
culated with deeper blue lines on one side at the faux. 
Stamens two, slightly exserted. Style very long, slender, 
filiform, exserted. Stigma of two very unequal, subulate 


Fig. 1. Calyx and Pistil. 2. Ovary. 3. Immature Fruit : — magnified. 

/*// /■ 

( 4032 ) 

Acacia dentifera. Tooth-bearing 

Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — LeguminosjE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Flores polygami. Calyx 4— 5-dentatus. Petala 4—5, 
nunc libera, nunc in corollam 4—5 fidam coalita. Stam. 
numero varia 10—800. Legumen continuum exsuccum 
bivalve. — Frutices aut arbores, habitu et foliatione valde 
varia?. Spina? stipulares, sparse aut nulla?. Flores jlavi, 
albi aut rariiis rubri, capitati aut spicati, decandri aut poly - 
andri, eleutherandri aut monadelphi, petalis 4—5 hberis 
coalitisve constantes. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Acacia dentifera; ramis angulatis, phyllodiis elongato- 
lineari-lanceolatis falcatis acutissimis penninerviis e- 
fflandulosis inferne attenuatis, racemis demum toliatis 
?apitulis numerosis multifloris globosis majuscul.s pe- 
dicello duplo brevioribus, leguminibus elongatis line- 
aribus teretibus strictis. . 

Acacia dentifera. Benth. in Botanist, 4. t. 179. et in Hook. 
Lond. Journ. ofBot. v. I. p. 363. 

A new and very graceful species of Acacia from the 
Swan River, with unusually long racemes of flowers, longer 
than the leaves, of a full yellow colour, and highly fragran 
These racemes, however, Mr. Bentham observes, run out 
into leafy branches, and thus the species would appear to 
belong to the division with solitary capitula. The seeds 
were deceived from Mr. Drummond ; the flowering season 

of the plant, in an airy greenhouse, is March and April, 
after which it produces pods tolerably copiously. 

Descr. Stem five to seven feet high in our specimens : 
the branches chiefly at the top, gracefully drooping, angled. 
Phyllodia five to six inches long, linear-lanceolate, elon- 
gate, falcate, moderately thin, coming to a very acute, 
mucronate point at the apex ; at the base gradually atten- 
uated, but sessile ; dark full green, not in the least glau- 
cous, with no apparent gland, furnished with an evident 
costa, and some oblique veins, and, besides, obscurely 
reticulated. Heads of flowers rather large, deep full yellow, 
arranged in very long racemes, often much exceeding the 
leaves. Pedicels twice as long as the heads. Flowers 
numerous, fifteen to twenty in a head. 

Fig. 1. Flower : — magnified. 

Tu} h 

■or Jw* I IMS. 

( 4033 ) 

Brassavola glauca. Glaucous 


Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala et petala subasqualia, libera, acuminata. Label- 
turn cucullatum, integrum, columnam involvens. Columna 
marginata, clavata, stigmate infundibular*, clinandno pos- 
tice tridentato. Pollinia 8, subaequalia, quibusdam ahis 
parvis interjectis. Anthera 4-locularis, septis marginatis, 
loculis semibipartitis.— Herbae caulescentes, epiphyta, apice 
folium unicum v. alterum, semicylindraceum, camosum, 
supra sulcatum, apice subulatum gerentes. Flores termi- 
nates, rnagni, speciosi. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Brassavola glauca; foliis coriaceis oblongis obtusis plani- 
usculis glaucis, spatha uniflora, sepalis petalisque lme- 
ari-lanceolatis obtusis herbaceis, labello subsessili sub- 
rotundo acuto margine lobato, clinandno dentato, 
dente dorsali apice glanduloso. Lindl. 

Brassavola glauca. Lindl. Bot. Reg. 1839 Misc. n 67. 
et 1840, t. 44. Batem. Orchid. Mex. et Guatem. t. 16. 

The specimen from which our figure is taken blossomed 
in the month of February, 1843, in the rich collection of 
Orchidaceaj at Woburn Abbey. At first sight, as Dr 
Lindley well observes, the flowers rather resemble those of 
a Cattleya than a Brassavola : but it appears truly to be- 
long to the latter Genus. A well grown plant of it makes 
a handsome appearance, with its large flowers and broad 

dark green leaves, which latter, in our specimen, are not so 
glaucous as they are represented by others. The flowers 
are fragrant. It was sent to Woburn by Mr. Skinner from 
Guatemala ; and was likewise detected by Mr. Henchman 
and by Mr. Hartweg in Mexico. 

Descr. Stem creeping, jointed, rooting, sending up at 
intervals oblong pseudo -bulbs, which are, however, wholly 
concealed by sheathing, membranous scales, are compress- 
ed, and bear at the extremity one oblong, very thick, 
and coriaceous leaf. From the base of this leaf, and aris- 
ing from a long, compressed, membranous sheath, springs a 
single large flower, which is fragrant. Calyx and sepals 
uniform, spreading, oblong - lanceolate, obtuse, yellow- 
green. Lip with a short claw, involving the column, soon 
expanding into a large, cordate, three-lobed limb, of a 
yellowish-white colour, with short red streaks at the base ; 
lobes large, rounded, the middle one much the largest and 
apiculate. Column white, short, the margin at the top (or 
clinandrium) which surrounds the anther, toothed : the 
middle tooth tipped with a gland. Anther-case eight-celled. 
Pollen-masses eight, as in the Genus. 

Fig. 1. Column and Anther. 2. Anther-case. 3. Pollen-masses -.—mag- 


<d ' A'.w.r./w' 


( 4034 ) 
Liparia parva. Small Liparia. 

Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Leguminos^e. ) 
Generic Character. 

Calyx basi intrusa, tubo brevi, limbo 5-lobo, lobis 4 
super, lanceolatis acutis subaequalibus, inferiore longissimo 
elliptico petaloideo. Cor. glabra, vexillo ovali-oblongo, 
alls oblongis una per aestivationem alteram involvente, 
carina recta acuta angusta bicipiti. Stam. diadelpha. Ova- 
rium sessile., brevissimum. Stylus filiformis. Legumen ova- 
turn oligospermum. — Frutex Capensis, glaber, exceptis pedi- 
cello brevissimo et ovario villosissimis. Folia lanceolata apice 
pungentia exstipulata integerrirna tenue multinervia. Flores 
mi capitulum subsph&ricum dispositi, e Jlavo fulvi, in sicco 
nigricantes. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Liparia * parva; caule gracili ramoso, foliis ovato-ellipticis 
acuminatis trinerviis (7 lin. longis 3 latis), floribus 
capitatis., bracteis orbiculatis acuminatis foliorum cir- 
citer longitudine margine barbato-ciliatis, calycis laci- 
niis lanceolato-ellipticis longe barbatis. Walpas. 

Liparia parva. Vogel in Linnaa, v. 13. p. 468. Walpers, 
Repert. Bot. Syst. v. I. p. 580. 

(0.) angustifolia ; foliis angustioribus. Benth. MSS. (Tab. 
nostr. 4034.) 

A small, erect, but rather straggling shrub, long cul- 
tivated in the greenhouse of the Royal Gardens of Kew, 


* From *twetf*s, shining, as characteristic of the Liparia sphcerica. 

and considered a new species of Liparia. It has,, however, 
since the publication of the Leguminos^e in De Candolle's 
" Prodromus," been published in the " Linnaea," and, still 
more recently, in Walpas' useful " Repertorium Botanices 
Systeiriaticae/' under the name here adopted. It flowers 
in the early spring months, and makes a pretty appearance 
with its rather large, orange-yellow heads of flowers. 

Descr. Stern erect, but weak and flexuose, or strag- 
gling ; branches frutescent, yellow-brown, angled, the 
older portions marked with the cicatrices of fallen leaves. 
Leaves ovato - elliptical, according to Walpas ; in our 
plant oblong-lanceolate (whence Mr. Bentham has con- 
sidered it a var., angustifolia,) rather rigid, plane, acute, 
three-nerved, sessile, turning black in drying, as do the 
flowers. Flowers ten to twenty, rather large, collected 
together in a terminal, bracteated head. Branches several, 
large, imbricated, ovato-rotundate, acute, ciliated. Flow- 
ers longer than the branches, full orange-yellow. Petals 
as in the Genus. 

Fig. 1. Flower and Bractea. 2. One of the Alae. 3. One of the Petals 
of the Keel. 4. Leaf: — magnified. 

S.Curftt Esst&Auf. 

( 4035 ) 

Dryandra arctotidis. Arctotis-like 


Class and Order. 
Tetbandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Proteace^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthiwn quadripartitum v. quadrifidum. Stamina 
apicibus concavis laciniarum immersa. Squamulce hypo- 
gynae 4. Ovarium triloculare,, loculis monospermis. Fol- 
liculus ligneus : dissepimento libero bifido. Receptacu- 
lum commune planum, floribus indeterminatim confertis ; 
paleis angustis,, raro nullis. Involucrum commune imbrica- 
tum. — Frutices plerumque humiles. Rami dum adsint sparsi 
vel umbellati. Folia sparsa, pinnatifida v. incisa, plantce 
juvenilis conformia. Involucra solitaria, terminalia, raro 
lateralia, sessilia, foliis confertis, interioribus quandoque 
nanis obvallata, hemisphcerica, bracteis appressis, in quibus- 
dam apice appendiculatis. Stylus scepe perianthio vix lon- 
gior. Br. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Dryandra arctotidis; foliis linearibus pinnatifidis subter 
niveo-tomentosis caulem glabrum subaequalibus, lobis 
lineari-lanceolatis decurrentibus aveniis marginibus in- 
crassato-recurvis, involucri squamis lineari-lanceolatis 
glabriusculis, perianthii unguibus laminisque villosis, 
tubo imberbi. Br. 

Dryandra arctotidis. Br. Prodr. Suppl. p. 39. 

This is one of several handsome species which Mr. Bax- 
ter added to the number previously published in the 
Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae ; and which Mr. Brown 


introduced into his valued Supplement, which appeared in 
1830. It was detected in 1829, in the hilly region near 
King George's Sound, on the South-western shores of New 
Holland. Plants were raised from seeds soon after that 
period, and they form small, but handsome, bushy green- 
house plants ; bearing numerous flowers in the month of 
May in the Royal Botanic Gardens of Kew, where our draw- 
ing was made in 1842. 

Descr. Stems short, but much branched and straggling, 
glabrous, densely clothed with harsh, rigid, but graceful 
foliage. Leaves a span long, petioled, linear, deeply pin- 
natifid, almost to the rachis, more or less hairy; segments 
very narrow, linear, acute, almost subulate, curved down- 
wards, decurrent, dark green and shining above, white with 
dense down beneath : the rachis pale brown :— the lower 
segments are so far apart that the base of the leaf may be 
called pinnate, the rachis winged with the decurrent pin- 
nules. Flowers terminal, on exceedingly short branches, 
collected into an obconical head, shorter than the surround- 
ing foliage. Perianth with its tube glabrous, the four 
narrow, linear segments spathulate at their extremities and 
hairy. Style much longer than the perianth, glabrous. 
Stigma clavate. 

Fig. 1. Single Flower : — magnified. 


■tis ti/, 

( 4036 ) 

Eucalyptus splachnicarpon. Splachnum- 
fruited Eucalyptus; or Gum Tree. 

Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Myrtace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calycis tubus persistens obovatus aut globosus cupulae- 
formis, limbus operculaiformis integer basi circumscisse et 
regulariter dehiscens deciduus. Petala o. Stam. fila- 
menta oo libera. Capsula 4-locularis aut abortu 3-locu- 
laris apice dehiscens polysperma. — Arbores (Novae Hollan- 
dias) excelsce. Folia integerrima coriacea scepiiis alterna, 
rariiis opposita, interdiim in iisdem individuis varia, paucis 
exceptis glaberrima. Pedunculi axillares breves umbellam 
3—\b-jloram gerentes. De Cand. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Eucalyptus* splachnicarpon ; foliis altemis oblique ovato- 
lanceolatis marginatis penninerviis coriaceis, urnbellis 
terminalibus compositis, operculo hemisphaerico sub- 
globoso cupula calyciua latiore, fructu splachniformi. 

The Genus Eucalyptus has not been studied so well a9 
it deserves to be, especially if we consider the numerous 
species it contains, and the extent of ground they occupy 
in our Australian colonies, forming four-fifths of its forests, 
(Br.,) the vast size of the timber of many of them, and the 


* From m, well, and xd^^rv, to cover; the segments of toe calyx form a 
nb, or cover, to the cupula, or tubular portion, and eventually fall off in 

h niprp 


one piece 

uses to which many of them are, or may be, applied. So 
long as thirty years ago, Mr. Brown stated in his General 
Remarks on the Botany of Terra Australis, that of Euca- 
lyptus alone, nearly one hundred species had been already 
observed, most of them trees, and many of them of enor- 
mous dimensions, and that Mr. Caley had detected within 
the limits of the colony of Port Jackson, nearly fifty spe- 
cies, most of which are distinguished, and have proper 
names applied to them, by the native inhabitants, who, 
from differences in the colour, texture, and scaling of the 
bark, and in the ramification and general appearance of 
these trees, more readily distinguish, than Botanists have 
hitherto been able to do. Yet, though so generally spread 
over the whole of Terra Australis, the Genus is hardly found 
beyond that country, and Mr. Brown was acquainted with 
one exception only, in an additional species, which is said 
to be a native of Amboyna. — Judging from what I have 
myself received, the number of species now known to us 
cannot fall short of double the number above mentioned, 
namely, two hundred. Mr. Backhouse and my son, Dr. 
Joseph Hooker, have made MSS. remarks upon a great 
number of new species in Van Diemen's Land : and it is 
there that the trees are seen to attain the most gigantic 
size. Near Richmond, in Yorkshire, the former gentleman 
visited a place in the forest remarkable for an assemblage of 
gigantic " stringy Barks," Eucalyptus obliqua? There, 
within a space of half a mile, he measured ten different trees 
from thirty to fifty-five feet in circumference, at four feet 
from the ground ; and some of these, fine sound trees, were 
upwards of two hundred feet high. One prostrate tree, was 
thirty-five feet in circumference at the base, twenty-two feet 
at sixty-six feet up, nineteen feet at one hundred and ten 
feet up. There were two large branches at one hundred 
and twenty feet, and the elevation of the tree, traceable by 
the branches on the ground, was two hundred and thirteen 
feet. " We ascended this tree on an inclined plane formed 
by one of its limbs, and walked four abreast with ease upon 
its trunk ! In its fall it had overturned another one hun- 
dred and sixty-eight feet high, which had brought up with 
its roots a ball of earth twenty feet across. It was so much 
imbedded in the earth that I could not get a string round it 
to measure its girth. On our return, I measured two stringy 
Barks near the houses on the Hampshire hills, that had 
been felled for splitting into rails, each one hundred and 
eighty feet long. Near to them is a tree that has been 


felled, which is so large that it could not be cut into 
lengths for splitting, and a shed has been erected against it, 
the tree serving for the back." Another tree, at Emu Bay, 
supposed to be two hundred and fifty feet high, was fifty-five 
and a half feet round at five feet from the ground, and nearly 
seventy feet in circumference at the surface of the ground. 
" My companions spoke to each other, when at the opposite 
side of this tree to myself, and their voices sounded so dis- 
tant that 1 concluded they had inadvertently left me, to see 
some other object, and immediately called to them. They, 
in answer, remarked the distant sound of my voice, and 
enquired if I were behind the tree ! When the road through 
this forest was forming, a man, who had only about two 
hundred yards to go, from one company of the work people 
to another, lost himself: he called and was repeatedly an- 
swered ; but getting further astray, his voice became more 
indistinct, till it ceased to be heard, and he perished." — 
The bark of various species of Eucalyptus affords a great 
quantity of Tannin, and a manufactory has been established 
at Van Diemen's Land for the preparation of the extract, 
which has been largely imported into England, and it has 
been said by Tanners to be twice as powerful in its opera- 
tion as Oak bark. Many yield an essential oil of the cha- 
racter of Cajeput, and somewhat resembling spirit of tur- 
pentine, in which camphor has been dissolved. From E. 
globulus (Blue Gum) it is obtained by distillation, or by 
boiling the young shoots and skimming the oil from the 
surface. It has been used with success by my friend Robert, 
Officer of New Norfolk, in cases of rheumatism, as an ex- 
ternal application, especially among the patients in the 
government hospital under his charge. Considerable quan- 
tities of Gum are also extracted from the different species of 
Eucalyptus, whence the name of " Gum Tree." One kind, 
resembling gum Kino, is extracted from Eucalyptus resini- 
fera, and is collected at the rate of a shilling a pound. 
That from a species, called in New South Wales " Blood 
Tree;' is heated in shells by the blacks of Lake Mac- 
quarrie, and applied to external sores to make them heal. 
E. virgata? is the White Gum, which, from wounds on its 
shoots and the cartilaginous margins of the leaves, produces 
the manna of Van Diemen's Land. It is white, sweet, and 
well-flavoured, and falls (sometimes in considerable abun- 
dance) about the trees in dry weather in small, irregular 
pieces. Another Eucalyptus, on the mountains of Van 
Diemen's Land, is called the " Cyder Tree;" it yields a 


liquor resembling black beer by boring into its trunk. The 
timber, generally, is valuable, and extensively used : but so 
heavy as to sink in water, and so hard as frequently to 
require to be sawn before the sap dries up. Of the " Spotted 
Gum" the timber is nearly equal to Oak, but the sap, or 
outer layers, decay rapidly. Such are the interesting facts 
respecting the Eucalypti which I have collected from my 
friend Mr. Backhouse's observations. — The present species 
is a native of King George's Sound, and, probably, attains 
to a considerable size. Its discoverer, Mr. Allan Cunning- 
ham, who introduced it to the Royal Gardens of Kew, speaks 
of it in his Herbarium as attaining a girth of twelve to six- 
teen feet. He had given it the MSS. name of E. macro- 
carpa: but as that name has already been applied to a much 
larger-fruited species (see Hook. Ic. Plant, t. 115, 116, and 
117) it becomes necessary to alter the present, and I have 
assigned to it one expressive of the form of the fruit. It 
has also been found at the Swan River by Mr. Fraser and 
Mr. James Drummond, who speak of it as an immense tree, 
the general timber of that colony. The flowers are among 
the largest of the Genus, in size and colour much resem- 
bling those of Angophora cordifolia, Bot. Mag. t. 1960. 

Descr. With us E. splachnicarpon forms, in the green- 
house, a tree, fourteen to fifteen feet high, with a rimose 
trunk; and copious branches chiefly at the top. Leaves 
alternate, three to five inches long, placed vertically with 
regard to the horizon, ovato-lanceolate, oblique, very rigid 
and coriaceous, the margin thickened, the midrib stout and 
reddish, nerves numerous, oblique, parallel. Petioles an 
inch or more long, tinged with red, as is the upper part of 
the flowering branches. Peduncle terminal, bearing many 
lar g e flowers, arranged in umbels produced with us in the 
autumn. Pedicels terete. Flower-bud pyriform, the upper 
hemispherical portion consisting of the lid, which falls away 
and leaves the capsule, or truncated portion of the calyx, 
and its numerous yellow-green stamens. Fruit an inch 
and a half or two inches long, shaped like that of a 
Splachnum, globose below, and a little wrinkled, then con- 
stricted ; the mouth contracted. 

Fig. 1. Capsule and Pistil cut through. 2. Fruit:— nat. size. 





/'u/> hf i <,<rt,s aUu»m r* +it. JEttae. SepCJ M43. 

( 4037 ) 


Class and Order. 
Tetrandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Proteacejj. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium quadrifidum, tubo gracili diutius persis- 
tente. Squamce nullae hypogynae. Stylus totus deciduus. 
Stigma fusiforme v. cylindraceum. Nux sessilis, ventricosa, 
undique comosa. — Frutices rigidi. Folia glabra, plana, v. 
jiliformia, divisa v. integerrima. Capitula terminalia, raro 
axillaria. Flores modo densissime imbricati, strobilo globoso; 
rnodo fastigiati, receptaculo communi planiusculo subinvo- 
lucrato, paleis deciduis, congestis. Br. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Isopogon scaber; ram u lis pubescenti-tomentosis junioribus 
saepe etiam hirsutis, ioliis linearibus canaliculars ru- 
goso-scabris superne subbiternatim divisis laciniis sur- 
sum di\atatis integris vel trifidis mucrouatis, strobilis 
terminalibussessilibus solitariis sphaericis, squamisova- 
tis acutis imbricatis sphacelatis surnmis linearibus, 
stigmate elongato articulato articulo superiore hirsuto, 
paleis hirsutissimis. 

(3) strobilis axillaribus aggregatis. 

Isopogon scaber. Lindl. Sw. Riv. Bot. p. xxiv. 

This is another of the many Swan River novelties for 
which our greenhouses are indebted to the researches ot 
Mr. James Drummond. Seeds were sent by him to the 
Royal Botanic Gardens, and the plants bore their hand- 
some flowers in April, 1843. Of the Genus Isopogon, 


twelve species were described by Mr. Brown in his Prodro- 
mus, and eleven more were added, chiefly from the South- 
western shores of Australia, in the Supplement of the same 
learned author. The present is one of the handsomest of 
the Genus ; for the heads or cones of flowers are large, 
purple or deep rose-colour, exhibiting numerous yellow 
styles and anthers in a circle as they expand, and these 
heads are nestled, as it were, among the green foliage. 

Descr. Our plant has attained a height of nearly four 
feet ; but I possess entire native specimens scarcely two 
feet high. Stem erect, but little branched. All the younger 
parts of the plant are downy, and frequently the down is 
mixed with long, spreading, white hairs, at length every 
part, occasionally, becomes glabrous. Leaves linear, of a 
thick and firm substance, in the upper half dividing into 
three principal branches, which are again more or less 
deeply divided into two or three segments which vari- 
ously dilated upwards, tapering to a sharp, brown mucro ; 
simple, or again once or twice divided, grooved or channel- 
led above, keeled or subterete beneath, and rough, as it 
were, with indistinct, prominent veins, and with minute, 
elevated points. Head of flowers large for the Genus, gen- 
erally solitary, terminal, but sometimes aggregated, five to 
six, each in the axil of an upper leaf. Involucre downy ; 
scales imbricated, sphacelate, ovate, acute, upper ones 
linear; a few of the lower ones are a little recurved at the 
apex. Scales oxpaleez, among the flowers, linear-subulate, 
yellow-brown, very hairy. Perianth full rose-colour. Seg- 
ments tipped with a minute, silvery tuft of hairs. Stigma 
fusiform, jointed, as it were, in the middle : upper joint 

Fig. 1. Flower and bracteal Glume : — magnified. 

u: /if.-/, ./-/' 

Pit/ /r .1 4 ,/rft.r ,r/,i 

"nr.:;/ ^.rsf.r W'V /<*•*/ 

( 4038 ) 

Othonna tuberosa. Tuberous-rooted 
Othonna ; or African Ragwort. 

Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Necessaria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Composite. ) 

Generic Character. 

Capitulum radiatum, fl. radii ligulatis foemineis, disci, 
masculis tubulosis 5-denticulatis (nee ut in Hertid bilabia- 
tis). Recept. convexum subconicumve foveolatum, interd. 
pilosiusculum. Invol. squamae uniseriales inter se late- 
ribus plus minus concretae ante explic. eximie valvatae. 
Slyli fl. masc. apice stigmatibus in conum concretis. Achce- 
nia radii fertilia ovalia hirta aut glabra papillosa pappo 
piloso multiseriali dense coronata ; disci abortiva cylindra- 
cea glabriuscula., pappo 1-seriali depauperato. — Frutices 
aut herbae Capenses. Folia varie incisa aut integra 7 car- 
nosa aut membranacea. Capitula ad apices pedunculorum 
solitaria, Jiava aut in paucissimis cyanea. De Cand. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Othonna * tuberosa ; herbacea basi subhirsuta, radice tube- 
rosa, collo lanuginoso, caulibus adscendentibus simpli- 
cibus aut raro bifidis parce et basi foliosis, foliis radica- 
libus petiolatis late ovatis obovatisve obtusis saepe basi 
cordatis irregulariter crenatis, caulinis paucis obovatis 
oblongisve integerrimis crenatisve, capitulis solitariis 
ad apicem denudatumcaulis aut ramorum, invol. squa- 
mis ligulisque 12 — 14, acheniis villosis. D C. 

Othonna tuberosa. Thunb. Prodr. p. 168. Fl. Cap. p. 
720. De Cand. Prodr. v. 6. p. 480. 


* A name of Dioscorides, derived from ok»v, a linen cloth, or napkin, 
in allusion to the downy covering of some of the original species. 

Othonna bulbosa, a. Linn. Sp. PL p. 1309. 
Othonna bulbosa. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 2377. Ait. Hort. 
Kew. ed. 2. p. 178. 

A plant little known in our gardens we believe ; yet not 
unworthy of cultivation. It appears to have been intro- 
duced from the Cape to the Royal Gardens of Kew in 1774, 
by Mr. Masson, and then lost to this country. Tubers, 
however, were again sent to the same establishment by Mr. 
Anderer, in 1842. These produced their showy yellow 
flowers in August of the same year. 

Descr. Root a solitary, globose tuber, somewhat resem- 
bling that of a Cyclamen, throwing out a few fibrous ra- 
dicles from various parts of its surface, especially from 
beneath. Above is a short collum, or neck, fringed with 
long, dense wool : and here arise three or four or more 
stems, six to eight or ten inches high, rather stout, herbace- 
ous, more or less hairy at the base, decumbent, then erect, 
leafy chiefly at the bottom, and there each stem produces 
one large, ovato-cordate or obovate, waved, obtuse, pubes- 
centi-hirsute, sinuato-crenate at the margin, petiolated leaf. 
The rest of the leaves are reduced to bracteas, obovate or 
linear, remote, uppermost ones minute, subulate. Flower 
solitary, rather large, terminal, yellow. Involucre of one 
piece,broadly cylindrical, plaited, twelve to fourteen-tooth- 
ed, the teeth red at the margin. Ray of the same number of 
female, ligulate florets. Achenium pilose, crowned with a 
simple, hairy pappus. Stamens none. Disk of from fifteen 
to twenty, or more, tubular, male florets. Ovary linear-ob- 
long, glabrous, crowned with a long, simple pappus. Co- 
rolla tubular. Stamens five, connate. Style thickened 
upwards. Stigma of two points, within a circle of hairs 
round the base. Receptacle convex, dotted, naked. 

Fig. 1. Floret of the Ray. 2. Ditto of the Disk. 3. Hair from the Pap- 
pus. 4. Style and Stigmas. 5. Receptacle : all more or less magnified. 


( 4039 ) 

Rhipsalis brachiata. Opposite-branched 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Cacte^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. tubus ovario adhaerens laevis ; limbus superus 3 — 6- 
partitus brevis, dentibus acuminatis membranaceis. Petala 
6 oblonga petala calyci inserta. Stam. 13 — 18 petalis basi 
affixa. Stylus filiformis. Stigmata 3 — 6 patula. Bacca 
pellucida subrotunda calyce marcescente coronata. Semi- 
na intra pulpam nidulantia, exalbuminosa, radicula embry- 
onis crassa, cotyled. 2 brevibus obtusis. — Frutices pseudo- 
parasitici super arbores ins. Caribcearum orti, scepius pen- 
duli aphylli ramosi teretes nudi aut setas minimas subfalca- 
tas gerentes,fasciculis tunc or dine spirali quincunciali dis- 
positis. Flores laterales sessiles parvi albi. Baccae (fere 
Visci) albce pellucida. De Cand. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Rhipsalis brachiata; erecta ramosissima, ramis sparsis tere- 
tibus articulatis punctatis, ramulorum articulis brevi- 
bus, ultimis apice barbatis, floribus in rarnulis inferi- 
oribus terminalibus solitariis, stylo exserto. 

This new species of Rhipsalis was received by Mr. Moore 
at the Glasnevin Botanic Garden from Mr. Tweedie at 
Buenos Ayres, and it produced its flowers with that able 
cultivator in the month of March, 1843. It is very differ- 
ent from any of the sixteen species described by Pfeiffer. 
Indeed, of those sixteen, it could only be associated with 
the species in that author's fourth section " Articulifer^," 
and with neither of the two species of that group does it at 

all accord. 


Descr. Entire plant, as flowering at Glasnevin, about 
eight or ten inches high, growing erect, or nearly so. The 
main stem is cylindrical, but by no means jointed, it bears 
a few scattered, articulated flowering branches below, and 
above, very many horizontal branches, which are again 
divided, always opposite, brachiate, and with more numer- 
ous and shorter joints as they come nearer the ultimate 
divisions: these joints are from half an inch to an inch long, 
two lines broad, punctated, and at their points are decid- 
uous hairs in tufts, the ultimate articulation is always ter- 
minated with a tuft of hairs : the colour is pale glaucous 
green. The flowers are rather large for the Genus, pale 
greenish yellow, terminal upon divaricated articulations, as 
before observed, on the lower part of the stem. Calyx of 
several small, imbricated scales, which gradually pass into 
the oblongo-lanceolate, acute petals. Stamens thirty to 
forty, as long as the petals. Style exserted, a good deal 
longer than the petals. Stigma quadrifid. 

Fig. 1. Flower cut through vertically : — magnified. 

///>/ A* fyS.OuDif rf./y/«„v/ EmWP.S^1 /,r/. t 


( 4040 ) 

Gastrolobium acutum. Sharp-leaved 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Leguminos^:. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-fidus bilabiatus ebracteolatus. Pel. longitudine 
subaequalia. Ovarium dispermum pedicellatum. Stylus 
subulatus adscendens. Stigma simplex. Legumen ventri- 
cosum. Semina strophiolata.— Frutex Australasicus. Folia 
simplicia, quaternatim verlicillata. Stipulae subulata? dis- 
tinctce. Flores flavi in racemum ovatum terminalem dispo- 
siti. De Cand. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Gastrolobium acutum; ramis villosis, foliis ternis oyatis 
acutis mucronato-pungentibus integerrimis, junioribus 
subsericeis adultis glabris, racemis abbreviatis axillari- 
bus paucifloris, calyce villoso subbilabiato, ovario ses- 
sili villosissimo. t 

Gastrolobium acutum. Benth. in Lindl. Sw. Riv. Bot. 
p. xiv. 

A handsome greenhouse shrub, flowering in the green- 
house in the month of March. It was raised from seeds 
sent from the Swan River by Mr. James Drummond to the 
Royal Botanic Gardens of Kew, in 1842. Its red and deep 
yellow flowers and its glossy, ternate leaves, make a very 
pretty appearance at that early season of the year. 

Descr. A shrub, about a foot and a half or two feet high 

with numerous, erect, rather twiggy, and somewhat angled 

branches, the younger ones downy, or hairy, as are the 

young leaves : the older ones glabrous, but bristly with the 

" remain:* 

remains of the old stipules where the leaves have fallen 
away. Leaves three in a whorl, sessile, ovate, or ovato- 
lanceolate, acuminate, spinoso-pungent at the apex, spread- 
ing, penninerved. Stipules small, subulate or almost aci- 
cular. Flowers axillary, solitary, or in very few -flower- 
ed, short racemes. Pedicels short, hairy. Calyx hairy: 
tube short ; limb two-lipped, red within ; upper lip of two, 
lower of three spreading, acuminated teeth. Vexillum 
broadly rotundato-cordate, deep yellow, red at the base of 
the limb. Alee oblong, yellow. Carina obtuse, but nearly 
of the same shape as the alee, yellow, the upper portion red. 
Stamens sixteen, free, rather longer than the pistil. Ovary 
sessile, ovate, silky : Style subulate, curved upwards, gla- 
brous. Thefruit I have not seen. 

Fig. 1. Portion of a Branch, with the Whorl of Leaves and Stipules. 2. 
Calyx, Stamens, and Pistil. 3. Vexillum. 4. Ala;. 5. Carina. 6. Pistil : 
— all more or less magnified. 



( 4041 ) 

Acacia rotundifolia. Round-leaved 

Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Leguminos^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Flores polygami. Calyx 4 — 5-dentatus. Petala 4 — 5, 
nunc libera,, nunc in corollam 4 — 5-fidam coalita. Stam. 
numero varia 10 — 200. Legumen continuum exsuccum 
bivalve. — Frutices aut arbores, habitu et foliatione valde 
varies. De Cand. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Acacia rotundifolia; ramulis angulatis puberulis, stipulis 
minutissimis squamiformibus acutis, phyllodiis brevis- 
sirne petiolatis oblique rotundatis obtusis v. retusis 
cum mucrone costatis obscure penninerviis margine 
subincrassato superiore versus medium uniglanduloso, 
capitulis globosis solitariis v. racemosis, pedunculis 
folio longioribus. 

Sent to us by James Backhouse, Esq., from Hunter's 
River (he believes), New Holland in 1842, and it flowered 
copiously in the spring of the following year in the green- 
house of the Royal Botanic Gardens. It is a straggling 
plant, but when trained upon a trellice in a garden pot it 
makes a very elegant appearance with its graceful drooping 
branches and copious heads of blossoms, more copious than 
the leaves. It seems quite distinct from any described spe- 
cies : in some respects, indeed, resembling A. undulajolia 
(Bot. Mag. t. 3394) but very different in the inflorescence 
and phyllodia. . , . . . . 

Descr. With us it forms a shrub three to four feet high, 
with straggling, slender, angled, slightly downy °""j^ 

Phyllodia on very short petioles, about half an inch long, 
rotundate, but the two halves unequal, waved, very obtuse, 
or rather retuse, mucronate, slightly pubescent, the mar- 
gin in the adult ones only obscurely thickened, ciliated, 
and at the upper edge below the middle, furnished with a 
minute gland, deep but not glaucous green, costa excen- 
tral, tolerably distinct, and from it diverge a few nerves in 
a pinnated manner. Stipules very minute, resembling small, 
acute, reflexed scales, deciduous. Heads of flowers globose, 
solitary, or in racemes of two to four or five heads, the 
peduncle always longer than the leaves, and the pedicels 
longer than the capitula. Calyx of five deep, linear seg- 
ments. Corolla of five oblongo-ovate petals, nearly twice 
as long as the calyx. Stamens numerous, more than twice 
as long as the corolla. 

Fig. 1. Portion of the Stem and Leaves. 2. Single Flower -.—magnified. 

': ,/■// 

?Curtu <;/<i:,<nw<','J Kxy.'.f Oct? 1 IMS 

Swan Si 

( 4042 ) 

Trop/eollm polyphyllum. Many-leaved 

Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Trop^ole^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-partitus, lobo sup. calcarato. Pet. 5, inaequalia, 
3 mferiora minora ant evanida. Stam. 8 ab ipsa basi libera. 
tarpella 3 suberosa, reniformia, indehiscentia bine sulcata 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

ARoPiEOLUM polyphyllum; prostratum, foliis digitato-pelta- 
tjs profunde sectis lobis 7 — 9 obovatis (nunc oblongis 
linearibusve) integris obcordatis unguiculatis v. si- 
nuato-dentatis, petalis calycem attenuato-calcaratum 
superantibus, 2 superioribusmajoribus magisque emar- 

Trop^olum polyphyllum. Cav. Ic. p. 4. p. 65. t. 305. 
De Cand. Prod. v. 1. p. 684. Hook, et Am. Bot. Misc. 
3. p. 161. Poepp. et Endl. 1. c. p. 24. t. 37./. 9 (leaf). 

C 3 ) gracile. Hook, et Am. 1. c. p. 161. var. mvriophyl- 
lum. Poepp. et Endl. Nov. Gen. et Sp. PL Chil. et 
Peruv. p. 23. t. 31. 

Mr. Knight, of the Exotic Nursery, King's Road, Chel- 

ea, has the gratification of introducing this beautiful 

Rop^eolum to our European gardens. None of the figures 

°ve quoted give anything like an adequate idea of the 

fatness a,, « beauty of the plant. My 6rst knowledge of 

witlft , lv . ed from Chilian specimens, which were loaded 

»°°d-sized blossoms, exactly as in the individuals now 

vol. Xl y. „ before 

before me cultivated by Mr. Knight, and which are from 
Bolivia. The species seems to have an extensive range, 
being found on both sides of the Cordillera of Chili, and as 
far South as the Maule province ; and there cannot be a 
doubt, but that it will prove as hardy as any of our already- 
known species of Trop^eolum, and more desirable than any 
for cultivation, in one respect; namely, that it is of short and 
compact growth ; so that it may be either treated as an an- 
nual in the open border, where it will form a small, pros- 
trate bush, or, as was the case at Mr. Knight's, reared on a 
wire trellis, in a pot, in both instances making a very hand- 
some appearance. We only wonder it has not been before 
introduced to this country. It was in perfection in the 
Exotic Nursery in the month of June, 1843. 

Descr. Stems herbaceous, one to two feet long, natu- 
rally prostrate, succulent, very leafy, especially towards 
the apices of the brandies. Leaves on petioles, about two 
inches long, orbicular, peltate, cut almost to the centre into 
seven to nine oblongo-obovate, sometimes linear, entire, or 
sinuato-dentate leaflets, very glaucous. Peduncle solitary, 
axillary from the copious leaves at the upper extremity ot 
the stem, and much longer than the leaves. Flowers mode- 
rately large. Calyx ending behind in a long, attenuated 
spur, lobes triangular, acute. Petals much longer than the 
calyx, obcordate, unguiculate, yellow, the two upper large, 
and streaked with red. 

Fig. 1. Calyx with Pistil and Stamens. 2. Pistil -.—slightly magnified. 

( 4043 ) 

Leianthus nigrescens. Black-flowered 



Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Gentiane^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx valvaris 5-gonus, seu alatus, 5-partitus, lobis equa- 
libus planiusculis, suturis exalatis. Corolla 5-partita, regu- 
laris, infundibuliformis, lobis cam fauce continuus a tubi 
fundo supra germen constricto distinctis. Filamenta inae- 
qualia. Anther a incumbentes, immutatae nee apiculatas. 
Stigma capitatum ! vel umbraculaeforme. Discus glandu- 
losus o. Capsula bilocularis., vel semibilocularis, placentis 
niargini interno valvularum insertis, utrinque connatis vel 
discretis. — Fruticosee vel suffrutesceutes, ramosce, foliosee; 
floribus albidis velflavis, (vel nigris) gracilibus. Griseb. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Leianthus* nigrescens; biennis? ramis teretibus, foliis 
decussatis lato-lanceolatis acuminatis 3 — 5-nerviis, pa- 
nicula ampla ramosissima laxiflora^ floribus pendulis, 
calycis 5-partiti laciniis subulatis appressis, corollis 
(purpureo-nigris) infundibuliformibus, tubo cylin- 
draceo superne dilatato, laciniis lanceolatis patenti- 
acuminatissimis, stylo staminibusque vix exsertis. 

Leianthus nigrescens. Griseb. Gen. et Sp. Gent. p. 199. 
Benth. Plant. Hartw. p. 67. n. 493. 

Leianthus nigrescens. Cham, et Schlecht. Linncea, v. 6. p. 

The Genus Leianthus was founded by Grisebach upon 
the Lisianthus longifolius, and with that plant our present 
one is undoubtedly a congener, and remarkable for the 
colour of the flower, approaching- more nearly to black than 


* So named by Geisebach from *•«*, smooth, plane, and «»&*, *#°*"i 
probably on account of the even or regular corolla, as distinguishing tne 
Genus from Lisianthus. 

any with which I am acquainted. Probably Chamisso and 
Schlechtendal, in naming it "nigrescens," had an idea 
that it became black only in drying ; and Grisebach and 
Don even speak of the flowers as white (Grisebach), or 
probably, greenish-yellow (Don) in the recent state. Such 
is not the case, however; they are of as rich a deep blue, 
or, rather, purplish blue-black, as a flower can well be. 
But this singularity is not their only recommendation ; they 
are large (larger than our figure represents them, when in 
perfection), graceful in form and inclination (drooping like 
a Fuchsia), so numerous as to form a large panicle, two 
to three feet high and a foot and a half broad ; a great 
many are in beauty at one time, and they continue in perfec- 
tion for a very long time, if kept cool, and protected from 
the too powerful rays of the sun. Indeed, with us, in a 
shady greenhouse, its flowers have been equally profuse 
and perfect for a period of four months. I scarcely know 
a more interesting plant, that has for many years been in- 
troduced to our collections, even in this age of novelties, 
than the present. Schiede appears to be the first to disco- 
ver it at Papantla, in Mexico. But it had been long known 
to Mr. Skinner, as an inhabitant of Guatimala ; and to him I 
am indebted for the plants which were reared from his seeds 
in the Royal Gardens of Kew, in 1842, and for a dried speci- 
men. Mr. Hartweg (n. 493) detected it at Tanetze, Talca, 
and Comaltepeque, and Mr. Galeotti at Xalapa ; from 
both of these Botanists I possess fine native specimens. 
It bids fair to produce seed with us, and it strikes readily 
from cuttings. 

Descr. The plant appears to be biennial. It produces an upright 
stem, scarcely branched for about a foot and a half (but sending out 
annotinous shoots in the autumn) which terminate in a large, much 
branched, trichotomous panicle, two to three feet high. Branches as 
well as the stem rounded. Leaves most crowded on the stem, op- 
posite, decussate, lanceolate, acuminate, three to five-nerved, spread- 
ing, the bases almost connate ; distinct and smaller and more acumin- 
ate on the branches. Petals long, slender, with usually a pair of sub- 
ulate bracteas or small leaves below the calyx. Flowers gracefully 
drooping, two to three inches long. Calyx of five deep, subulate, ap- 
pressed segments, rather more than half the length of the tube of the 
corolla. Corolla deep purplish blue-black, funnel-shaped, regular. 
Tube cylindrical, dilated a little upwards ; the limb of five spreading, 
or almost recurved, lanceolate, very acuminated segments, about half 
as long as the corolla. Stamens five, inserted a little below the middle 
of the tube. Filaments slender, rather longer than the tube. Anthers 
oblong, two-lobed. Pistil: ovary oblong, two-celled, and style rather 
longer than the filaments. Stigma large, capitate, two-lobed, velvety. 

traLtrVelySL^S.^ 1 ' * ^^ ^ ***• 3 ' *"* 4 ' °™* CUt duOUgh 

■A Vt 


( 4044 ) 

Gardenia Sherbourni^. Mrs. Sher- 
bourne's Gardenia. 


Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Rubiace£1. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calycis tubus ovatus saspe costatus, limbus tubulosus trun- 
catus dentatus fissus partitusve. Corolla infundibuliformis 
aut hypocraterimorpha, tubo calyce multo longiore, limbo 
per aestivationem contorto patente 5— 9-partito. Antherte 
5 — 9 lineares ad faucem subsessiles. Stigma clavatum bifi- 
dum aut bidentatum, lobis crassis erectis. Ovarium disse- 
pimentis incompletis 2 — 5 semi-divisum, 1-loculare. Bacca 
carnosa calyce coronata intus chartacea aut nucleate, incom- 
pleto 2 — 5-locularis. Semina minuta placentis parietalibus 
carnosis immersa. Embryo albuminosus vagus. — Arbores 
aut frutices, inermes aut spinescentes. Folia opposita raro 
verticillata, ovalia. Plores axillares aut terminates, plerum- 
que solitarii } albi,demums<epejlorescentes,s<£piusodori. D C. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Gardenia* Sherbournia ; volubilis, foliis elliptico-ovatis 
brevi-acumiuatis integerrimis coriaceis glabris, stipulis 
oblongis deciduis, pedunculis axillaribus solitaries uni- 
floris bracteatis petiolo brevioribus, calycis lira bo amplo 
campanulato lobis lato-cuneatis fohaceis, corolla mtun- 
dibuliformi-campanulata carnosa, tubo intus basi sen- 
ceo, limbi lobis 5 rotundatis patentibus, stylo stamini- 
busque inclusis, stigmate clavato sulcato. 

A new and very handsome plant, received from Sierra 

Leone by Mrs. Sherbourne of Hurst House, Prescott, Lan- 

J cashire, 

* So named, in compliment to Dr. Alexander Garden, a Scotch .Phy- 
sician, long resident in Carolina, who communicated many new f^* 
the Roy/society of ^^^^^^Sd ££**£ 

^^^^^^i^^^^y » bear his name -" 

Sir J. E. Smith. 

cash ire, and cultivated in her stove, among many other rare 
exotics, especially tropical fruits and useful plants. " The 
principal collection is contained in two stoves, and, perhaps, 
a better, or a more varied, private collection, considering 
the short time that has elapsed since the talented proprietress 
first devoted separate houses to the cultivation of tropical 
fruits, is not to be met with in the coiifitiy 7* The name of 
such a lady cannot but be appropriately given to a plant 
which would be an ornament to any stove, and introduced 
and reared by herself. A question may, indeed, remain, as 
to the Genus in which the plant ought to be placed ; but I 
agree with Mr. Bentham, in thinking that, whilst the several 
sections of Gardenia, as given by Endlicher, are compre- 
hended in our Genus ; the present plant is rightly placed 
there. It blossomed with Mrs. Sherbourne, in June, 1843. 
Mr. Whitfield, who first sent it to that lady, says that, in 
Sierre Leone, the fruit is an agreeably tasted berry. 

Descr. A climbing and branching plant. Branches 
rounded, glabrous. Leaves opposite, about three to four 
inches long, elliptical-ovate, shortly acuminate, coriaceous, 
petiolate, petioles rounded, connected at the base. Stipules 
oblong, rather large and leafy, but soon deciduous, and only 
seen on the upper nascent pair of leaves. Peduncles shorter 
than the petioles, solitary, axillary, single-flowered, clothed 
with small, ovate bracteas, which also cover the small infe- 
rior ovary, which is obovate, downy, two-celled, with many 
ovules : around the cells, between them and the margin, in 
the thick pulpy substance, is a series of longitudinal canals 
or ducts. Limb of the calyx very large, campanulate, 
formed of five leafy, broadly cuueate lobes, half as long as 
the tube of the corolla. Corolla large, fleshy, between funnel 
and bell-shaped, white, deep blood colour within. The tube 
is narrow at the base, and there clothed internally with short, 
fine, silky hairs, much enlarged upwards; the limb of five, 
rounded, spreading lobes. Stamens inserted above the 
middle of the tube. Filament very short (almost none), 
inserted below the middle of the back of the anther, which 
is semicylindrical, the upper, plane surface, with two longi- 
tudinal cells. On the top of the inferior ovary, in a large 
disk or hemisphaerical gland, from the centre of which rises 
the style, with its clavate stigma, marked, as it were, by the 
cells of the anthers, which at first press against it. 

* See the second notice of the Hurst House Gardens, in the Gardeners' Chronicle for 
September, 1S-13, p. 631. 

1. Flower laid open. 2. 3. Back and front view of the Anther. 4. Vertical, and 
5, transverse Section of the Ovary : -more or less magnified. 

( 4045 ) 



Class and Order, 


( Nat. Ord. — Gesneriace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx llher, 5-partitus. Corolla tubulosa, rectiuscula, 
basi postice gibba, ringens, lobo superiore erecto fornicator 
inferiore tritido patente. Stamina 4 didynama, antheris 
connexis, qulnti postici rudimentum. Glandular I — 5 circa 
basin ovarii. Bacca 1-locularis, placentis 2 parietalibus 
bilobis. Semina oblonga. — Prutices Americani Jlexiles erec- 
ti aut scandentes. Folia opposita brevi-petiolata crassius- 
cula subserrata, hirsuta velpubescentia. Pedunculi axillares 
solitarii aut conferti. Corolla? coccinea. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Colurinea* Schiedeana; sericeo-villosa, caulibus simplici- 
bus, foliis oblonsro-lanceolatis intea:errimis v. lasviter 
serratis brevi-petiolatis, calycis lobis deltoideo-lanceo- 
latis patentibus integris v. hie illic serratis, corollis 
maculatis villosis. 

Columnea Schiedeana. Schlecht. in Linncea, v. 8. p. 249. 
De Cand. Prodr. 7. p. 542. 

If this cannot be called a handsome plant, it is, at any 
rate, a very striking and remarkable one. The flowers are 


* So named in compliment to Fabius Columna, a Botanist of the six- 
teenth century, whom Halleb commends as a reviver and improver of 
the study of Botany, for the light he threw on many obscure passages in 
DroscoRiDES, and for the number of plants not before known, which he 

numerous, large, yellow, and spotted with red, and the 
calyx is red : but the yellow is a dull yellow, and the red is 
a brick red. Still the species deserves a place in every 
stove. It is one of Schiede's discoveries. He met with it, 
growing on old trees, near Misautla, and near la Hacienda 
de la Laguna, in Mexico. It was probably introduced to 
our English Gardens from that of Berlin, and being readily 
increased by cuttings or offsets, is becoming common with 
us. It flowers with us from May to June and July: and 
though an epiphyte in its native woods, may be readily cul- 
tivated, and thrives well in a pot of common mould. 

Descr. Stems one and a half to two feet high, thick, 
succulent, jointed and nodose, hairy, unbranched. Leaves 
opposite, elliptical-lanceolate, thick, succulent ; on short, 
rounded petioles, penninerved, the nerves sunk in the up- 
per surface, prominent and reddish beneath, their margin 
entire, or remotely and obscurely serrated. Peduncles 
axillary, solitary, single-flowered, longer than the petioles, 
but shorter than the leaves. Calyx red, five-partite, its 
segments deltoideo-lanceolate, much spreading, and very 
large. Corolla nearly three inches long, dingy orange 
yellow, streaked and spotted with dull red ; its lower part is 
tubular, slightly curved, very gibbous at the base above, 
the rest two-lipped : lips long, very unequal ; the upper 
larger, of three lobes, of which the middle is the largest, 
porrected, the two side ones reflected, the lower deflected, 
broadly linear, entire. Stamens four, didynamous, a little 
shorter than the corolla. The anthers connate. Germen 
oblique, ovate, hairy, with a large transversely oblong 
gland on the opposite side. Style longer than the stamens, 
curved. Stig?na bifid. 

Fig. 1. Pistil : — magnified. 

///A hi 

( 4046 ) 

Begonia nitida. Shining-leaved 
Begonia ; or Elephant's Ear. 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Old. — Begoniace^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Masc. Calyx o. Corolla polypetala, petalis plerumque 
4, inajqualibus. Fcem. Calyx o. Corolla petalis 4—9 ple- 
rumque inaBqualibus. Styli 3 bifidi. Capsula tnquetra, 
alata, trilocularis, polysperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Begonia nitida; fruticosa, elata, foliis oblique ovatis acu- 
tis obsolete crenatis nitidis, stipulis oblongis cnspidatis 
carinatis, fl. masc. petalis 4 quorum 2 rotundatis 2 ob- 
louo'is triplo minoribus, fl. fcem. petalis 5 aequalibus, 
capsular ala unica maxima subrotundo-ovata. 

Begonia nitida. Dryandr. in Linn. Trans, v. I. p. 159. et 
in Hort. Kew. ed. 2. v. 3. p. 352. Salisb. « Stirp. Rar. 
p. 17. /. 9." et Parad. Lond. t. 72. Spreng. SysL 
Veget. v. 2. p. 625. 

Begonia obliqua. L'Herit. Stirp. Nov. v. 1. p. 95. 

Begonia purpurea. Sw. Prodr. p. °6. 

Begonia minor. Jacq. Ic. Collect, p. lib. 

This is one of the many handsome species of a Genus 
which, we have before remarked, is not so much cultivated 
as it deserves to be, a native of Jamaica and introduced to 
the Royal Botanic Gardens of Kew (where our figure was 
made) by Dr. Wm. Brown, in the year 1777 It bears its 
large, copious, showy flowers during most of the sumn ei 

months, when it makes a fine appearance, with its pink 
panicles, and large glossy foliage. 

Descr. Stems erect, or nearly so, for they require sup- 
port, from four to five feet high, between succulent and 
woody, branched. Leaves large, glossy, especially the 
younger ones, green on both sides, petiolated, obliquely 
ovate, acute, thick and succulent, obscurely crenated at the 
margin. Petioles about an inch long, terete. Stipules 
large, membranaceous, oblong, mucronate and carinate, 
deciduous. Panicles terminal and axillary, many-flower- 
ed ; flowers large, handsome, especially the staminiferous 
ones, which are an inch and a half across : Petals four, of 
which two opposite ones are large, rounded, deep rose 
colour, the two smaller ones broadly oblong, inclining to 
yellow, all of them spreading : Stamens twenty or more, as 
in the Genus. Pistill if erous -flowers with five nearly regu- 
lar and equal petals, rose-coloured. Germen and mature 
fruit with three wings, two of them comparatively small 
and equal, the third very large, somewhat triangular, or 
between ovate and subrotund. 

Fig. 1. Pistilliferous Flower : magnified. 2. Fruit, scarcely magnified. 


■/uismc,',',/ , 

( 4047 ) 

Hypocyrta strigillosa. Rough-leaved 

Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Gesneriace,e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx liber profunde 5-partitus, lobis lanceolatis integer- 
rimis. Corolla tubulosa basi postice gibba, tubo antice 
ventricoso, limbo 5-lobo aut 5-dentato subasquali. Stamina 
4 didynama cum quinti postici rudimento ex ima basi tubi. 
Antherce per paria cohaerentes. Annulus hypogynus et 
glandula postica. Stigma bilobum aut infundibuliforrne 
indivisum. Bacca globosa succosa 1-locularis placeutis 2 
parietalibus bilobis. Semina oo oblonga aut ovata. — Fru- 
ticuli Brasilienses extensi et radicantes, rariiis erecti. Fo- 
lia opposita crassiuscula. Flores axillares solitarii aut 
aggregati. Corollae coccinecc rosea albce aut ochroleucce. 
D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Hypocyrta* strigillosa; caule erectiusculo supeme villoso, 
foliis breviter petiolatis oblongis acuminatis mucronu- 
latis strigillosis, floribus axillaribus solitariis, corollis 
antice grosse ventricosis, limbo contracto 5-dentato. 

Hypocyrta strigillosa. Mart. Nov. Gen. et Sp. Bras. v. 3. 
p. 52. De Cand. Prodr. v. 7. p. 541. 

Brazil is eminently rich in plants of the family of Gesne- 
riace^e. We have lately figured a species of Martius' new 


* So named by Martius, from vxa, beneath, and «wro«, gibbous, in con- 
sequence of the remarkable inflation, or gibbosity, of the underside of the 

Genus Nematanthus (see Tab. 4018), and now we have the 
gratification of representing another new Genus of the same 
author, Hypocyrta. This, as its name implies, is distin- 
guished by a peculiar gibbosity, or inflation of the underside 
of the corolla, as to give it the appearance in form of a pouter 
pigeon. All the species, however, have not their inflation 
so remarkable as our present one, which belongs to the 
section called Oncogastrum, while the other section, with a 
more campanulated corolla, is called Codonanthon. The 
species are found, apparently, throughout tropical Brazil, 
some inhabiting the putrescent trunks of trees, while others 
are found luxuriating on the fat soil of the ant-hills. The 
present individual was imported by Mr. Veitch, of Exeter; 
having been sent home by his collector, Mr. Lobe, we be- 
lieve from the Organ Mountains of Brazil. Martius found 
it in the province of Minas, and also in the Sincore Moun- 
tains, province of Bahia. It bears a near affinity to H. hir- 
suta, Mart. (1. c. p. 52, tab. 222) ; but that has obovate 
leaves, and apparently a differently formed corolla. H. stri- 
gillosa flowered in Mr. Veitch's stove in May, 1843. 

Descr. Stems apparently erect, succulent, rather stout, 
terete, clothed with appressed hairs, as is the whole of the 
plant, not excepting the corolla. Leaves opposite, spread- 
ing, on very short petioles, oblong, lanceolate, acute rather 
than acuminate, (rarely elliptical-lanceolate,) penninerved, 
entire, or a little serrated, fleshy. Peduncles axillary, one- 
flowered, about twice as long as the petiole, solitary, with a 
pair of small bracteas at the base. Calyx oblique, deeply 
cut, with five ovato-lanceolate, erect segments. Corolla 
tubular, a little curved, the upper half beneath singularly 
swollen, with a projecting inflation, so that the very small 
mouth and limb are thrown upwards, as it were : the latter 
consists of five small, rounded, erecto-patent teeth. Stamens 
four, didynamous, the anthers meeting and conjoined, in- 
cluded. Germen wholly superior, ovate, with a small 
annular disk, and one large gland. Style hairy, included. 
Stigma two-lobed. 

Fig. 1. Leaf, nat, size. 2. Corolla laid open. 3. Calyx and Pistil. 
4. Pistil: — magnified. 


In which the Latin Names of the Plants contained in the Sixteenth 
Volume of the New Series (or Sixty-ninth of the Work) are 
alphabetically arranged. 


4032 Acacia dentifera. 
4041 3 ~" rotundifolia. 

4012 Achimenes grandiflora. 
3980 longiflora. 

3993 multiflora. 

3994 Acronychia Cunninghami. 
4008 Amicia Zygomeris. 
4005 Androsace lanuginosa. 
4025 Begonia acuminata. 
3990 coccinea. 

3968 —- hydrocotylifolia. 

4046 nitida. 

3986 Bossisea virgata. 

4033 Brassavola glauca. 

4021 venosa. 

4003 Brassia Wrayse. 
4001 Bromheadia palustris. 
3964 Brownea coccinea. 
3989 Callistemon pinifolium. 
4027 Canavalia ensiformis. 
4017 Catasetum viridi-flavum. 

3998 Cattleya labiata. 

4022 Cestrum viridiflorum. 

3983 Clematis cEerulea ; 0. grandi- 
4045 Columnea Schiedeana. 
4029 Corraea pulchella. 

4013 Dendrobium crumenatum. 

3970 macranthum. 

3988 Diospyros Sapota. 

4035 Dryandra arctotidis. 
3974 Echinocactus centeterius. 
3997 Echites hirsuta. 

3976 splendens. 

4031 Eranthemum montanum. 
4016 Erica Irbyana. 

4036 Eucalyptus splachnicarpon. 

3999 Fuchsia alpestris. 

4000 coryinbiflora. 

4044 Gardenia Sherbourniae. 
4010 Gastrochilus longiflora. 
4040 Gastrolobium acutum. 
3995 Gesneria polyantha. 
3971 Gloxinia tubiflora. 


4047 Hypocyrta strigillosa. 
3992 Ilex Paraguayensis. 

3965 Illicium religiosum. 
4020 Impatiens glanduligera. 

3978 Ipomaea Tweediei. 
4037 Isopogon scaber. 
3987 Lathyrus nervosus. 

3996 pubescens. 

4043 Leianthus nigrescens. 
4034 Liparia parva. 

4002 Lobelia splendens; var. 0., 

4023 Lomatia ilicifolia. 

3979 Macleania angulata. 

3972 Mammillaria pycnacantha. 
3984 turbinata. 

3966 Maxillaria acutipetala. 

3981 ,. decolor. 

4028 Megaclinium maximum. 

4018 Nematanthus longipes. 
4026 Osbeckia Chinensis. 

3967 Othonna frutescens. 

4038 tuberosa. 

4009 Passiflora Actinia. 
3991 Phajus alb us. 

4024 Pharbitis Tyrianthina. 
4007 Pleroma Benthamianum. 
4006 Poiriciana Gilliesii. 

4019 Polyspora axillaris. 
4039 Rhipsalis brachiata. 
3977 Rondeletia longiflora. 
4030 Rosa Brunonii. 

3982 Saurauja spectabilis. 
4011 Senecio calamifolius. 

3973 Siphocampylos betulaafolius. 
4015 longepedun- 

3975 Stelis atropurpurea. 
4014 Stigmaphyllum heterophyllum. 
4004 Tecoma jasminoides. 
3969 Trichocentrum fuscum. 
3985 Tropseolum azureum. 
4042 — polyphyllum. 


In which the English Names of the Plants contained in the Sixteenth 
Volume of the New Series (or Sixty-ninth of the Work) are 
alphabetically arranged. 


4041 Acacia, round-leaved. 

4032 tooth-bearing. 

4012 Achimenes, large-flowered. 

3980 long-flowered. 

3993 many-flowered. 

3994 Acronychia, Mr. Allan Cun- 

4038 African Ragwort ; or tuberous 

4008 Amicia, yoke-leaved. 

4005 Androsace, shaggy-leaved. 

3965 Aniseed Tree, sacred. 

4020 Balsam, glandular; or Touch 
me not. 

3968 Begonia, Penny- wort-leaved. 

4025 — 

3990 - 
4046 - 

■- point-leaved ; or Ele- 
phant's Ear. 

scarlet - flowered ; or 

Elephant's Ear. 

shining-leaved ; 

Elephant's Ear. 
3986 Bossisea, twiggy. 

4021 Brassavola, vein-lipped. 

4033 i glaucous. 

4003 Brassia, Mrs. Wray's. 
4001 Bromheadia, Marsh. 
3964 Brownea, scarlet-flowered. 
3989 Callistemon, pine-leaved. 
4017 Catasetum, yellow-green. 
3998 Cattleya, crimson-lipped. 

4022 Cestrum, green-flowered. 
* 4045 Columnea, Mr. Schiede's. 

4029 Corrsea, pretty. 
3988 Date-plum, Sapota. 

3970 Dendrobium, large-flowered. 
4013 sweet-smelling, 


4035 Dryandra, Arctotis-like. 
3974 Echinocactus, variegated-flow- 

3997 Echites, hairy-flowered. 

3976 splendid-flowered. 

4031 Eranthemum, Mountain. 

4036 Eucalyptus, or Gum- Tree, 

4000 Fuchsia, cluster-flowered. 

3999 Mountain. 

4044 Gardenia, Mrs. Sherbourne's. 
4010 Gastrochilus, long-flowered. 
4040 Gastrolobium, sharp-leaved. 
4024 Gaybine, Tyrian-purple. 
3995 Gesneria, many-flowered. 

3971 Gloxinia, tube-flowered. 












Groundsel, quill-leaved, 

Heath, Mr. Irby's. 

Horsebean, Jamaica ; or Over- 

Hypocyrta, rough-leaved. 

Indian Cress, blue-flowered. 

— many-leaved. 

Ipomsea, Mr. Tweedie's. 

Isopogon, rough-leaved. 

Lathyrus, nerve-leaved ; or 
Everlasting Pea. 

South American, 

downy; or Everlasting Pea. 

Leianthus, black-flowered. 

Liparia, small. 

Lobelia, shining ; dark purple - 
leaved var. 

Lomatia, Holly-leaved. 

Macleania, angled-flowered. 

Mammillaria, densely- spined. 

top- shaped. 

Mate, or Paraguay Tea. 

Maxillaria, pale-yellow. 


Megaclinium, largest. 

Nematanthus, long flower- 

Osbeckia, Chinese. 

Othonna, shrubby. 

tuberous-rooted ; or 

African Ragwort. 

Overlook ; or Jamaica Horse- 

Passion Flower, Sea Anemone. 

Phajus, white. 

Pleroma, Mr. Bentham's. 

Poinciana, Dr. Gillies'. 

Polyspora, axillary. 

Rhipsalis, opposite-branched. 

Rondeletia, blue-flowered. 

Rose, Mr. Brown's. 

Sapota, or Date-plum. 

Saurauja, showy. 

Siphocampylos, Birch-leaved. 

long flower- 

Stelis, dark-flowered. 

Stigmaphyllum, various-leaved 

Tecoma, Jasmine-leaved. 

Traveller's Joy, violet-blue; 
large-flowered var.