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THE I ^. ^ 



BOTANICAL REGISTER:'^^ 



CONSISTING OF 



Coloureti jTigurea 



OP 



EXOTIC PLANTS, 



CULTIVATED IN 



BRITISH GARPENS; 



WITH THfilB 



HISTORY AND MODE OF TREATMENT. 



THE DESIGNS BY 



^tientiam ClAoartiig, 



AND OTHERS. 




VOL. VI. Q 



-Tiret aemper ^ -n ee fronde caducft 



Carpitur. 

l^^r^'r ■■ >,r ' '^ '. 






LONDON : 

PRINTED FOB JAMBS RIDGWAY, PICCADILLY. 

1830. 



■-■■-■•! 



I-M(ilt.l (,y s. GoMifcll, Liltit Ciuttii Sliett. Lond»« 



APPENDIX TO THE CATALOGUES OF BOOKS 



IN THE 



FOREGOING FIVE VOLUMES; 



OR, 



List of Books quoted in the Svcth Volume and which have not been 
enumerated in the Lists given in amf of the other Volumes. 



ACTES de la soc. d'hist nat. de Paris. Actes de la Soci^tfe d'Hiatoire 
Naturelle de Paris. Tom. 1. 1 partie. Paris, 1792. fol. 

Adanson fam. Families des Plantes, Par M. Adanson. Paris, 1763. 
2 Parties. 8vo. 



BartiytCs elem. of bot. ed. Land,* Elements of Botany, or outlines of the 
Natural Histo^ of Vegetables, illustrated by thirty Plates. By Ben- 
jamin Smith Barton. Revised, with notes by the eoglish Editor. 
London, 1804. 8to. 

Soccon. sic* Icones et deseriptiones rariorum plantarum Siciliae, MeHtse, 
Gallise et Itali^e ; auetore Paulo Boccone. Oxonji, 1674. 4to. 

Bork* hoh. Versuch einer forstbottmischen Beschreibung der in den Hes- 
sen-Darmstadtischen' landen im freien wachsenden Holzarten. Von 
Moriz Balthasar Borkhausen. Francfurt am Main, 1790. 8vo. 

Bory de St, Vincent voy. Voyage dans les quatre principales lies des Mers 
d'Alrique, fait par ordre du gouvemement^ pendant les annees 1801 et 
1802. Par J. B. G* M. Bory de St Vincent. Paris, 1804. 3 vol. 8vo. 

Bosc< diet, d'agr. Annales dc rAgriculture Franfoise par Messrs. Tessier 
et Bosc. Paris, 1799. 68 vol. 4 vol. par an- seqq. 

Brawn^s botany of Congo, Observations systematical and geographical on 
the Herbarium collected by Professor Christian Smith, in the vicinity of 
the Congo, during the expedition to explore that river under the com- 
mand of CapUun Tuckey, in the year 1816. By Robert Brown- Lon- 
don, 1818. 4to. 

Bulletin. Bulletin des Stiences, par la Soci6t6 Philomatiquc. Paris, 
1701—1805. 4to. 



Decand. monsp. Auguatin Pyramus de Candolle Calalogus plantarum horti 
botanici MonspeUensis, addito observationum circa species novas aut 
non satis cognitas fasciculo. Monspelii, 1813. 8vo. 

* This book should have been inserted in the Catatogue of the Second 

Volume. 

A 2 



IV 



JOesfont. cat. (ou tabi) Tableau de T^cole de botanique du jardin du Roi. 
Par M. Desfontaines. Ed. 2. Paris, 1815, 8vo- 



Edinb- pkilos. joum, Edinburgh PhilosophicalJoumal, Edinburgh, 1819, 
Vol. 1, seqq. 

Ehret pict, Plantx et Papihones rariorcs deplete et «re incisie h Geo. Dion. 
Ehret, Tabula; 15. Londini, 1748— 1769- fol. 



Gatei-an moiitaub. Description des plantes qui croissent aux environs de 
Montauban ou qu'on cultive dans les jardins. Par M- Gaterau. Mont- 
auban, 1789. 8vo. 

GmtL bad. ah. Carol. Christ. Gmelin- Flora Badensis-Alsatica. Carls- 
ruh^e, (1)1805, (2)1806, (3)1808, 8vo. 

GroTi^, orie^it. Flora orientalis, sive Recensio Plantarum quas Leonhardus 
KauwolBus annis 1573, 1574, 1575, in Syria, Arabia, Mesopotamia, 
Babylonia, Assyria, Armenia, Judiea crescentes observavit et coUegit. 
CurA Johan, Fred. Gronovii. Lugduni-Batavorum, 1755, 8vo, 



Haworfh sncc, suppL Supplementum plantarum succulentarum, sistens 
piantas novas vel nuper introductas sive omissaa in Synopse Plantarum 
Succulentarum. Aut. A. H. Haworth. Londini, 1719. 8vo. 

Hughes barbad. The Natural History of Barbados, by Griffith Hughes, 
London, 1750. fol. 



Knight et Salisb, prot. On the cultivation of the plants belonging to the 
natural order of Protee^, with their generic as well as specific cha- 
racters and places where they grow wild. By Joseph Knight. Ijondon, 
1809, 4to. 



Lagasca gen. et spec* Genera et Species Plantarum, qu% aut novse sunt aut 
nondum rect^ cognoscuntur. Auct Mariano Lag^ca, Matriti, 1816. 
4to. Cum Elench. impress. (Vid. cat. vol. 4. ad Lag. clench, ubi annus 
1816, non 1716 ponendus). 

Lehmann asperif. Plantar fe familia Asperifoliarum nuciferae. Descripsit 
Joannes Geo, Christ. Lehmann. BeroHni, 1818. Partes 2. seqq. 4to. 

Lobel adv. Stirpium adversaria nova, auctoribus Petro Pena et Matthia de 
Lobel. Londini, 1571. fol. Mattlua[; de I^obel adversariorum pars, ib- 
1605- fol. 



Marsch. bieb. fi^ taur* caiic, suppL Flora Taurico-caucasica. Auct. L, B- 
Friderico Marschall a Bieberstein, Supplementum continens plantas 
phanerogamas per Tauriani atque'Caucasum, post edita priora volumina, 
detectas, et in pristinas animadversiones, Charkouiae, 1819. 8vo- 

Mir. par, Nouvelle Flore des environs de Paris, Par F. V. M^rat. Paris, 
1812. 8vo. 



Muklenh, cataL Catalogus Flantanim Americse Septentrionolis hucuiquft 
cognitanim indigenarum et cicurum. By Henry Muhlenberg, Edit. 2- 
Philadelphia, 1818, 8vo, 

Munch, hausv. Der Hausvater* (Auctore Von Muochausen). Hannorer. 
(Zweyter Theil, 17S6). 8vo. 



Petiv. mu8. Museei Fetiveriani Centuria prima Rariora Xaturte continens. 
A Jacobo Petiver. Londini, 1695. 8vo. 

Pollich palaU Job. Adam Follich* Historia Flantanim in PalatinatA sponte 
nascentium. Manbeim^ 1776. voL 3. 8vo. 



Ran ennm. Enumeratio Hosarum circa Wirceburgum et pf^oa adjacentet 
spoDte crescentium cum earum definitionibus descriptionibus et syno- 
nymis, &e. &c. Auct Ambrosio Kau* Cum tab. tene^ pictd. Norim- 
b^rgae, 1816- 8vo. 

Roloffind. A. eraus. Christ. Lud. Roloff. Index Plantarum Horti Krau- 
siani. Berolini, 1746. 8ro. 

Roxh.ji. ind. Flora Indica, or descriptions of Flants by the late Dr. Rox- 
bur^. Edited by William Carey. To which are added descriptions of 
Flants more recently discovered by Nathaniel WalHch^ Superintendent 
of the Botanic Garden at Calcutta. Serampore> 1820. Vol. 1, seqq. 
8vo. 

Russell akpp* The Natural History of Aleppo, by Alex. Russell. 2d 
Edition. Revised by Patrick Russell. London, 1794* 2 vol. 4to. 



Smith new hoU. A specimra of the Botany of New Holland^ by J. E. 
Smith. London, 1793. 4to. 

Sprengel cent. spec, minus cogn. Novi Proventus Hortorum Academico- 
rum Halensis et Berolinensis. Centuria specierum minus cognitanim, 
qu^e vel per annum 1818 in horto halensi et berolinensi floruerunt vel 
siecse missx fuerunt Auct. C. Sprengel, Halae, 12mo. 



Trattinick archiv. der gewacHs. Archiv der gewachskunde. Wienn, IBll; 

seqq. 4to. 

Trattinick obs. hot. Idem. Observationea botanicae Tabularium rei faerbarin 
illustrantes. Viennae, 1811; seqq. 4to. 

Vivianijt. ital l)om. Viviani. Florx ItalicEE fragmenta. Genu®, 1808; 
seqq. 4to, 

WahL carp. Georgii Wahlenberg. Flora Carpathorum principalium. Got- 
-ting^e, 1814. 8vo. 

Zanon, ist, bot, Istoria Botanica di Giacomo Zanoni. Bologna, 1675- fo!. 



ERRATA. 

Vol. fi. foK 149. 1. 6. for " Jtiisieu gen, 807-" read " Juisieu gen. 307." 

Vol. ft. fol. 153, !- 14* for ** Barton'^ elem, of bet. ed* Limd" read " BaYtmCs elem. of hot. 
LontL ed. append, 30* tab. 25-*' 

Vol. 3, fol. 220. 1. 5. pro '* Ih'v. II," lege " Dtv, IV:* 

Vol. 3. fol. 245; overleafy 1. l^fiyr '^ broader than long" rtad '* longer than broad." 

Vol. 3. fol, 268. 1, 9. pro '* abiuns*' lege ** ahiens:' 

Vol. 4. in cat Ubr. p. iv. 1, 16, for « 1716" read " 1816/' 

Vol. 4- fol. 266, 1- 7* pro '* vol, l.foU 43." lege « voL 4. fol. 221," 

Vol. 4. fol. 339; overleaf, 1. 6. for << remitted" read *' transmitted," 

Vol. 4. fol. 349. 1, 3. of the eofflish text Leave out the words " or, as it is." 

Vol. 5. fol. 350 ; overleaf, last line bnt one* for ** bat might" read " but the name from lUe 
above work might." 

Vol. 5. fol. 365, 1. 5; from the bottom, after « form of" add " a*' 

VoK 5. fol, 366. 1. 4. from the bottom, for " of these distinguished" read *< of thc&e, which is 
distingaished." 

Vol, 5- fol. 377- 1, 2. of the engliah text, for "with that in" read « the one in." 

Vol.5, fol. 404. 1,17; pro '^ Achenia^i/to'ima" pone " -^cAc'wa plurima" 

Vol. S. fol. 432; overleaf, 1. 18, 19; for " shows that excellent honiculturiat to have in- 
tended " read '* sliows that that excellent horttcultarist intended." 

Vol. 5, fol 435, 1, 16. pro " tmgulati"* lege " angttlatu" 

Vol. 5, both Indexes in this Volume, for " Mespilus japonicua" read " Mespilus japonica." 

Fol, 440; overleaf, 1. 16. for "Leucajum" read *' Leucojum.'* 

Fol. 441 ; overleaf, last line: for *' OleA odoratisnma*' read " OhfiA fragrant'* 

Fol. 448, I. 13, k calce pagiiue: pro ** H^ahl cauc" pone '* Wahi carp" 

Fol. 450- 1- 3. for « Cuckawpoint** read « Cuckow^t" 

Fol. 480 ; overleaf, 1, 3, for " Donn" read '* Don." 

Fol. 509- I, 11, pro " capoque" iege ** scapoque.*' 

In the leveral Indexes to the volumes preceding the present, for ■' Euphorbia punicea, vol. 3. 
199." read " Euphorbia punicea. vol. 3, 190." 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX TO VOLUME VI. 



Folium. 
Abrom& augus1& 518. 

Amaryllis aulica 444 ; e/ tab. in append, 
Amciryllis laticoma 497 1 et in ni}ti$ appen^ 
dicis, 

Anchusa italica 463. 

Arum orixensa 450. 

Arum tenuifoHum 4 513. 

Dcgonia pauciflora 471 ; et in appcndicc. 

Berbcris sibtrica 487, 

BuTchellia capcnsis 466. 

Cactus speciosissimus 486. 

Calotis cuacifolia 504. 

Calycanthus Ifevigatus 481. 

Canna Lamberti 470. 

Carica Papaya ; fem 459. 

Cehla sublauata 43S« 

Cblroonanthus fragrans. 451, 

Chryfiantbemum indicum. 1 455. 

Convolvulus elongatus 498. 

Convolvulus pentanthus 439, 

Convolvulus siculus 445. 

Corraca alba 515, 

CroUlaria vitelllna 447, 

Cyrtanthus odonis 503. 

DelphinjutD cheilantbum 473- 

Delpblmum grandiftorum. 479. 

Diosma dJoica; vias. 509« 

Diosma lanceolata 476. 

Diospyros £mbiyopteri9 ; fern 499. 

Gardenia florida. a 449. 

Gompholobfum grandiflorum 484. 

Grcvilka buxifolia 443. 

Grifhnia parnflora 511; et tab, in append. 

H^maQthat carneua 509. 

Hukea miciocarpa 475. 

Hi:Hantbus atrorubens 508, 

Homatium racemosum 5)9, 

Hovea linearis 463. 

Hovenia acerba 601. 

IponiQca sagittifiitla 437. 

Ixora Bandbuca 513. 

Jaaione perenni« 505. 

Jasiuiiium undulatuni 436 ; </ in appcndice. 



Folium, 

Kaulfuuia amelloides 490. 

Lomatia longifoLia 442. 

Lupinui mexicanui 4&7. 

Lychnis fulgens 478. 

Malachra faaciata 467, 

Marsdenia ftuaveolens 489- 

Melaleuca squamea 477, 

Mesembryanthemum capitatnm 494. 

MesembryaQthemum clongatum , 493. 

Musssnda florida 517, 

Pseonia albidora. t 485. 

FsOQia mollis 474, 

Pancratium zeylanicum 479. 

Passiflora cecnilea 468. 

Passi6ora peltata 507. 

Photinia arbutifolia 491. 

Plumeria bicolor 480. 

Plumeria tricolor 510, 

Polemonium mexicanum 460. 

Psoralea mcljlotoides 454, 

Psoralea Onobrycbis 453. 

Pyrus salicifolia 514. 

Qui&qualis indtca 493. 

Rh^hiolepjs indica 468. 

Rosa fraxinifolia 458. 

Rosa gallica; a 448, 

Rosa parvifolia 453, 

Rosa sempervirens 46&. 

Roycna pubescens , fem 500. 

Rubus reflcxus 461. 

Rubus parvifolius 496« 

Salvia amcena 446* 

Sedum Gseruleum 520. 

Selloa glutinosa 462. 

Stenocarpus saligous 44 J . 

St relitiia parnfolia ; ; juncea 516. 

Strophanthus dichotomus ; B * 469. 

Stramaria tilifolia 440, 

Thunbei^ra grandiflora 495. 

Tourncfortia fruticosa 464. 

Tradijscantia fuscata 482. 

Vanda Roxbuigbii 506. 

Viburnum odonttisaioium 456. 







crLi -^c-lA'A 




^ J. M:/y,.;y //(/ J>',c^^l/y J^a.^,J, / /J2CJ . 




436 



JASMINUM undulatum 

China Jasmine. 



DIANDRIA MOyoOYNlJ. 

Nat.ord. Jasmines. Juttieu ffen. 104. Div. Jf, Fruotuc baccatiis. 

Jasminejb. Brmcnprod, a. 520, 
J A SMINUM. SitprA vol. 1 . Jol. i . 



iv. Folia simplida. 
3. undulatum, foliis conjatoroblongis nitidis, ramis pedpnculisque hirtis, pe- 

dunculis subtrifloris, laciniis calycinis recti». Vaklenum. 1. 97; (excbt$. 

syn. Burmanni). 
Jasminum undulatum. Willd. $p. pi. 1. 36; (excl. tyn. Rheedei). 
Mogorium undulatum. Lamarck eneycl. 4. 313. 
Nyctanthes undulata. Linn. sp. pi. ed. 2. 1.8; (excl, 9jfn. Rheedei). 

Arbuscula. Caulis erecfu$, (ram08igsimu$, cortice fuf>castan*o-fuicd : 
rami subbrachiato-ramulon, elongati, diffnti, mpem^ volulnles, numeroti 
foHosi, nob.), teretes, uti ramuli peHoH pedunculi calycetque d mlli$ copio8i$ 
kirti. Folia brevittr petiolata, opposita, vix bipoUicttria, attenuata, tu6wi- 
dnlata, avenia, nervosa. Pedunculi breves ex apice ramuhrum. Flores 
aUri tres velplures. Calycis htcinia setacece. CoroUse Umbut B-^dus: lad- 
nice obUmgee. Valil loc. cit. 



We do not know of any published figure of this rare 
species. It has not appeared in the Hortus Kewensis, nor 
have we met with it among the numerous East Indian ones 
observed by Dr. Roxburgh ; at least we find no mention of it 
in the manuscripts of that botanist in the Banksian Libraiy. 

We were fiivoured with the specimen from a plant which 
flowered in Lady Aylesford's collection at Stanmore; but 
have never heard that the species has been seen in blossom 
in any other of our gardens. Very strong plants of it are 
growing at Messrs. Colville's nursery in the King's Road, 
Chelsea, where they are kept in the hothouse. 

Native of China, and apparently more nearly related to 
Jasminum angustifolium than to any other; but in that the 
branches have scarcely any fur, the foliage is far more widely 
apart than in this, scarcely undulate and of a lighter green, 
the flowers of much larger dimensions, and the leaves with 
an even ovately rounded,. instead of a cordately indented, 
base. The two agree however in the curious upright straight 
setaceously narrowed segments of the calyx. 

VOL. VI. B 



A bushily branched dark full-leaved shrub, having a 
thickish strsught tall clean stem with an opaque chesnut- 
brown bark: irawcAe* brachiately subdivided, long, twining 
at the upper part, numerously leaved, round, like the branch- 
lets petioles peduncles and calyxes covered with a close short 
roughish fiir. Leaves cordate, oblong, of a dark dingy 
glossy green, shortly petioled, opposite, 1^2 inches long, 
tapered, slightly waved, veinless, nerved. Peduncles gene- 
rally three-flowered. Flowers white. Segments of the calyx 
nari'ow, setiform, straight. Limb of the corolla eight-parted, 
stellate : segments oblong. 

JaSminum and Nyctanthes are now the only genera 
comprised in the Order Jiatwnme^e; abundantly distinguished, 
as Mr. Brown observes, from the O/eincp, lately detached 
from them, by the difference of the situation of the ovula, as 
well as of the structure of the seed, the mode in which the 
corolla is divided and its aestivation (or the way it is disposed 
in the bud-state). Neither is there any resemblance between 
the general appearances of the two orders ; though they co- 
incide in so far as that both have a diandrous regular corolla 
and a fruit which is either berried or capsular. 

The Jasminece, freed from the Oleince (or Olive-tribe), 
have been defined by Mr. Brown in the first part of the Pro- 
dromus of his Flora of New Holland, and the following is 
our version of that character. 

Species shrubby and generally twining. Leaves oppo- 
site, usually compound, ternate or pinnate with an odd- 
leaflet at the end, sometimes simple; •petiole jointed in most. 
Flowers of the corymbs opposite. Calyx of one piece, either 
divided or only indented, permanent. Corolla onepetalled, 
inferior, regular, hypocrateriform (tubular with a divided 
rotate limb) ; limb 6-8-parted, segments overlapping at the 
edges, imbricate and twisted together before they expand. 
Stamens epipetalous (upon the corolla), enclosed within the 
tube. Germen without any surrounding glandular disk (not 
imbedded at the base in a shallow fleshy matrix as this part 
is in some of the nearest tribes), 2-celled; cells one-seeded', 
ovuia upright. Style single. Stigma 2-lobed. Fruit either 
a twin betn^ or a bipartible capsule. Seed either with a 
very scanty albumen or else mth none at all. Embryo 
straight : radicle inferior. 



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437 

IP0M<:EA sagittifolia 

Catesby's Iponioea. 



PEXTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Nat. ord. CoNVOLvuLi, JusHeu gen. 132. JHv. I. SMus unicus. 

CoNvoLvuLACEiE. Brotcu prod. 1. 48J, &cL L Germen 
unicum. 

IPOM(EA, Stiprd vol u fol 9, 



I* sagittifolia, rolubilis, glaberrimus; foliis oblongo-sagittatis; sinfi profun- 
dissimo: auriculis subacuminatis, pedunculis unifloris, laciniis caLycis ra- 
tundatoovalibus, corolli infundibuliformi-campanulatA. Pursh amer. sept^ 
1- 144; (sub CoNvoLVULO sa^ttifolio), 

Convolvulus sag^ttifolius. Michaux bor. avier* 1. 132. Persoansyn* i, 177. 

Pursh loc, cit. Poiret suppL encyc. de Lamarck 3. 461- EUiotsket. i, 

254, Nuttall 1- 123. n, 9. 
Convolvulus speciosus. Walt* caroL 93. 
Convolvulus caroliniensjs angusto sagittate folio^ flore amplissimo purpureo^ 

radice crass&. Catesb, carol, x. 35- *. 35, 

Perennis radice crassd caule tereti, glabro. Folia glabra margme tnfe- 
grOf mucronata^ lobo aiitico postids divergentibns longS acitminatis acutissi^ 
mis plunmum latiore : petioM unir-biunciales* Floras amp/i> roseo-purpurei, 
folia exsuperantes: pedunculis axillaribuSf solitarits, unifioris, petiolo to- 
bustioribusy erectist circa medium bibracteoUttis* CoXycis foUola erecta, im- 
bricato-conniventiaf ovato-obhnga, apice rotundata, subasqujaUa^ tria exte^ 
riora reliqms manifestitts mucronata. Corolla infUndthul^armis, limbo 
exanguloso, fauce ext^s cameo-paUente cylindricd unciaUy triplo Umgiore 
calyce. Rlamenta ituequalia, bast barbata: anth, Uneari-oblmga^ albidm 
erects, basi sagittatcB. Stylus staminibns hngior, stigmate bicolli-globoso 
veldidymo-capitatOf albo, incluso^ Caps* 2-3-i3a/tfi*, bilocularis. 



We are obliged to Mr, Herbert for the excellent drawing 
of this plant, as well as for a specimen of the same. It was 
raised last year in the hothouse at Spofforth from seed re- 
ceived from Carolina, and flowered during the summer. 
The species does not appear to have been introduced before, 
nor is there a sample of it either in the Herbarium of Sir 
Joseph Banks or that of Mr. Lambert. Mr. Elliot, the au- 
thor of the very useful work entitled *^ A Sketch of the 
Botany of South Carolina and Georgia," tells us, that it 
grows wild ** along the sides of salt waters ; among rushes 
and saline plants." Mr. Pursh speaks of it as native of 
Virginia and Carolina, and as growing in wet situations 
among bushes. Catesby, upon the authority of Colonel 
Mure, a Caroliniaa gentleman, said to have been an eye- 

B 2 



witness of the fact, tells us, that the Indians, after rubbing 
themselves with the juice of this plant, handle the Rattle- 
snake without fear of harm. 

The species had not been recorded in any general system 
of Vegetables previous to the appearance of the Synopsis of 
Persoon. It comes very near to the Ipom(ea sagittata of 
Messrs. Poiret and Desfontaines (the Convolvulus Whderi 
of Willdenow's Species Plantarum), a native of Spain and 
Barbary; hut there the lower leaves are cordate and only 
the upper sagittate; in all other respects, however, as far 
as we can judge from a middling engraving and the short 
descriptions by which alone sagittata is known" to us, the 
two resemble each other very exactly, even to the colour of 
the flower; and both are attached to wet maritime spots of 
the mutually distant regions to which they respectively be- 
long. 

Perennial. Root thick. Stem smooth round, twining 
about small bushes, rarely prostrate. Leaves oblongly sa- 
gittate, smooth, entire round the edge, the front lobe much 
broader than the two hinder ones, which are divergent 
longly tapered ahd sharply pointed: petioles from one to 
two inches long. Flowers large, of a purplish rose-colour; 
peduncles solitary, axillary, one-flowered, stouter than the 
petioles, upright, with two small opposite close-pressed 
bractes situated about the middle of it. Leaflets of the 
calyx upright, imbricately connivent, ovately oblong, 
rounded at the end, nearly equal, three outer ones more 
conspicuously mucronate than the two inner ones. Corolla 
funnelform; limb covn^vlcss; faux of a pale flesh colour on 
the outside, cylindrical, an inch long^ 3 times the length of 
the calyx. Filaments unequal, bearded at the base. An- 
thers linearly oblong, whitish, upright, sagittate at the 
base. Style longer than the stamens; stigma didymously 
capitate, white, enclosed within the faux. Capsule 2-3- 
valved, 2-celled. 



i'dd\ 



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J^'/^ J:jZ./y.,^^. /yo r.rraM/^ J{a^M.//d^(\ 




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438 

CELSIA sublanata. 

CoUinsonia- scented Celsia, 



Nat. ord. Solane^. Jn$sieugen. 124. Div. Fructus capsularis, 

SoLANEJE. Brownprod. 1. 443. Sect. II. B. 

CELSIA. Cat 5-partit(is. Cor. rotata patens 5-loba inaequalis. Fila- 
menta villosa. Stigma 1. Caps. 2-valvis. Herba; foHa nmplitna autpin- 
nata ; Jlore* laxi tpicati tenninales, singuU unibracteati aut filwh axillares. 
Celsi£ cretic^^lamenta 2 glabra. Juss. 1. c. 



C. mhlanata, tota lanato-tomentosa, caule sufiiruticoso : foliis ovali-oblongis 
obtusis crenaUs rugosis nioUibus uno alterove pari foliolonim (nuac miai- 
morum) sessilium appendiculatis ; staniinibus pUis capitatis barbatis. 
Celsia sublanata. Jacq, fragm. 79. n. 247. t. 126. 

Planta bipedalis, tota lanato-tomentosa. Caulis suffrutieosvs, erectutt 
digitum crassus, teres, semipedaHs et ultrA, tupemi ramosus: rami ann«i> 
pilis all/is dense obsiti, virentes. Fol. altemaj petiolata, ovali-^Aionga, ob- 
tusa, dupUcato-crenata, rugosa, mollia, nno-alterove pari foliolorum aessi- 
lium appendiculata ; petiolis dense kirgntis. Racemi terminates, simplices, 
iangiy muUifiori, erecti. Pedicelli subunciaks, patentissimi, bracteis suf~ 
fulti sessilibus convohitis acutis subaerratis et parvis. Flore» suaveolenteSf 
omninb odore Collinsoni^. Calycis foliola ovata, acu.tula, vilhsa, vi~ 
rentia. Cor. rotata, Jlava cum fauce et nngue purpurascentibta, laciniis 
snbrotundis, subtequatibns. FiL crecta, petalo oreviora, purpurea, omnia 
pilis capitatis pnrpureis barbata. Stylus giaber: stigma obiigwim. Caps, 
subrotunda, bihcuiaris, glabra: semina. minnta. Jacq. 1. c. 



Celsia difFei*s from its nearest co-ordinate Verbascum in 
having four instead of five stamens; according to Schrader, 
a stable mark and of influence sufficient to keep the two 
groups naturally apart, notwithstanding their close agree- 
ment in most other respects. 

We have not found any mention of the species except 
in the above-cited work of Jacquin. There are no speci- 
mens of it in the Banksian Herbarium. Jacquin, who first 
observed it in the gardens of Vienna, had not learned 
from whence it came. In general appearance the inflores- 
cence comes nearest to that of Celsia Ji-cturus, but the 
foliage of siihlonata is alternate and otherwise distinct, 
and bears a greater resemblance to that of Celsia hetonicw- 
folia than to any other, as far as we can judge from a de- 
scription by Desfontaines and a costly engraving by M. 
Robert. 



The drawing was taken from a specimen sent to ns by 
the civility of Mr. Biggs, Curator of the Botanic Garden at 
Cambridge; and we are not aware that the plant is in any 
other collection in this country. 

Hardy ; about two feet high covered with a fur of a na- 
ture between woolly and cottony. Stem suffratescent, up- 
right, of the thickness of a man's finger, round, about half 
a foot high or more, branching at the upper part: branches 
annual, beset with a thick white fur, green. Leaves alter- 
nate, petioled, ovally oblong, obtuse, doubly crenate, wrin- 
kled, soft, winged with one or two paii*s of very small sessile 
leaflets distant from the main one: petioles thickly and 
shaggily furred. Racemes terminal, simple, long, many- 
flowered, upright. Pedicles an inch or more in length, ho- 
rizontally extended: bractes subtending, sessile, convolute, 
pointed, partly serrate, small. Flowers sweet-scented. 
Leaflets of the cal^x ovate, rather pointed, villous, green. 
Corolla rotate, deep yellow, with a purple faux and unguis; 
segments roundish nearly of the same size, jftlaments up- 
right, shorter than the corolla, purple, bearded with purple- 
headed hairs. Sti/le smooth. Stigma slanting. Capsule 
roundish, two-celled, smooth: seeds minute. 

The above is a version of Jacquin's description; the spe- 
cimen having faded before we had an opportunity of 
describing from it. 



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439 

CONVOLVULUS pentanthiis. 
Jacqum's East India Mindweed. 



PENTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Nat.wd. CoNvoLVULi. Jusdeuffcn. 132. Biv.I. 

CoNVOLvULACE^ Brown prod. 1. 481. Sect. X 
CONVOLVULUS. Suprd vol a.fol. 133. 



JDiv. Caule vobUnli. 
C. pentantkus, caule volubili fruticoso, foliis oblongo-cordatis acuminatis 

subrepandis glabris, pedunculis umbellatim subquiDquefloris, floribus sub- 

sessilibus, calycibus ciliatis. Jacg. ic. rar. Q. 10. tab. 316. 
CoiiTolnilus pentanthus. Jacq. coll. 4. 210. Witld. sp. pi. 1. 855. Potrel 

suppl. Lamarck encyc, 3. 468. 

Frutex canh ramisqne teretiim» glahris. Folia oblongo-cordata v. sub- 
ovata, acuminata, neiTosa nervo medio laterales pturimos parallelos dwari- 
cato-ascendente$ ntrinque emittente, mbtiis reticulato-venosa, ad marginem 
villonuscula, supr& nuda, majora atUOriunciaUa interd^m basi gahhattato- 
exeisa sinu brevi latissimo, juniora sinu angusto: petknlus vUloriuscu- 
lus uni-sesquiuncialis v. uUr^. Pedunculi axilUires, sotitarii, 3-6-unctafe», 
Jilifomies, graciles, elaatia>'rigent€S, ascendentes, villosiusculi, terminati 
cyma subcapitato-contractd phiri-( gubs-) fiord gubtrickotomd subfolioiS, fo&o- 
Hs Q V. bracteis ad dickotomias. Cai. foliacem, tenuis, venosuSf usque ad 
basin, partitus, foliolis erectis, tiuequaiibus, ovato-acuminatis, cUtoHst 3 
multb majoribus villosiuscnlis ^ piano oppositis Jlorem nascentem inierduden- 
tibus, lateribus rejtexis. Cor. camlea, rotata, radiis 5 pallidioribus steUata, 
angulato-S-loba. YH. (equalia, basibarbata: aniheTX pallida. Stylus a^&tw, 
indivisus: stigmata 2 repUcata, oblonga, cylindracea, brevia, albida, prui- 
nosa. 



It does not appear by any of the horticultural records 
that this pretty shrub has ever appeared in our gardens till 
last year; when it flowered in December in Mr. Kent's 
richly stored and well-managed hothouse at Clapton, having 
been raised from seed from the East Indies. 

In regard to inflorescence the species has considerable 
affinity with Convolvulus involucratus, an account and 
figure of which will be found in Volume 4. (fol. 318) of this 
publication. But it comes still nearer to Convolvulus nia- 
labaricus, as far as we can judge from an unpublished 
figure and description of that species among Dr. Roxburgh*s 
manuscripts in the Banksian Libi-ary; by which we find 
that it differs from pentanthus principally in having no 



bractes, a corolla of a diffei'ent colour, and a small mem- 
branous calyx instead of a large foliaceous one. 

A twining shrub; stem and branches round, smooth. 
Leaves oblongly cordate or subovate, taper-pointed, with a 
midiib furnished on each side with numerous parallel diva- 
ricately ascending nerves, reticulately veined underneath, 
slightly villous at the edge, quite naked on the upper side, 
the larger ones about three inches long, sometimes subhas- 
tatedly cordate at the base with a shallow but very broad 
sinus, in the younger ones the sinus is always narrow: 
petiole slightly napped, from an inch to an inch and a half 
long or longer. Peduncles axillary, solitary, from two to 
six inches long or more, filiform, slender, firm and elastic, 
ascending, slightly napped, terminated by a several- (about 
5?)-flowered subtrichotomous somewhat leafy (^me with a 
pair of small leaves or bractes at the forks of the divisions. 
Calyx leafy, thin, veined, parted to the base, leaflets up- 
right, unequal, ovate, taper-pointed, fringed, 2 much 
larger than the rest facing each other shutting in the flower- 
bud and reflexed at the sides. Corolla blue, rotate, with a 
star of five paler points, five-lobed and cornered. Filaments 
equal, bearded at the base: anthers pale. Style white, un- 
divided : stigmas two, divaricate and reflexed, oblong, cy- 
lindrical, short, frosted, whitish. 



N. The stigmas in the outline of the dissection are somewhat magnified. 



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440 

STRUMARIA filifoUa 

Fine^ leaved Strumaria. 



HEXANDBIA MONOOYNIjI. 

NaLord. Narcissi. Jussieu gen* JHv, IL 

Amarylude^- BrownprotL i. 296* Sect L 

STRUMARIA. Spatka a-valvis, brevior umbelld bmcteatA* Cor, lU- 
pera, erecta v. nutans, regulaxis, subaaqualisi 6-petaIo-partita, turbinata ad 
atellato-divaricatan}, laciniis lanceolatis, nunc in tubum ad basin conne^s. 
FiL disco corollae inserta, baud i'ar6 exserta^ distincta v* monadelpha v. 
alterna 3 inter se concreta 3 altera gynandricfe cum stylo: anth. oblonga&» 
plurimi^m brevioresAIamentis, versatiles. iS!fj//u5 strictissimus, polymorphuflp 
nunc fusiformis triquetro-sulcatus, nunc alatus, nunc infem^ strumft varii 
protuberans: «^w)f. 3, attenuata, replicata vel in cuspidem coadunata. Caps^ 
membranacea^ trigibba, 3-valv. valvis medio septigeri»: sem. biserialia, in 
loculamentis singulis pauca, v. unicum bulboso-laxatum aibumine herbacecH 
emollito. BuUms iunicatm. Foh s-plura h vagin& radicaH, fiUf&rmia ad 
lorato-obloJiga, d piano bifaria^ nunc tardiora &capo. Umbella par&i Uxxa ad 
congesto-multiradiatam, Inmdbmdam carpuscula 3 strunwsa inter itybmi 
et stamina videnda. Differt HiEMANTHO, tam oh spatham mm multivahem 
quUm oh capsulam non baccatam; i Levcojo ob spatham nan foUicularem 
ob antheras breviores Jilamento, necnoh hand inversoi neque apice hiantes* 
Nob. in Curtis*8 magaz. 1363. 



a^^KfoHa, foliis 61ifonnibus, corollis dtellato-dlTaricatis : 8^flo strumA inflate 

anguloso-plicat^^ infra medium protuberante* 
Strumaria filiiolia* Jacq. ic. rar, 3. 14. Willd^ sp. pL s. 33. Sort, Kew^ ed. 

Leucojum strumosum* Solander in Boft. Kew. 1. 407. t. 5. Jacg. coU, 3. 

222- ic. rar. /. 361 ; (in ipsd icone non vera in textu.) Thunb^ prod. 68. 
Crinum tenellum. Lin. suppL 194; (excL syTtonynto). 

Bulbus ovatus magnitudine ovi passcrini. FoK plura, plurimiim longiora 
$capoj procumbentiaf subtus convexa, supri canalicitlata. Scapus ^-4-uncia^ 
lis pennd corvind dnplo gracilior^ ^exuosus, nunc injrd sanguineo-mbens, 
TJmbella pturi(6'lO-)-Jtora^ laxa: pedunc. patentes, unciales v, nltrd, fili* 
formes^ strictivscuH, suprd subtriquetn, Tlorcs inodori, Genn. snbglobo- 
****»» 3-gibbum* Cor, erecta, micansj intOs candicans, extiis cinamomeo- 
punicans^ semunciam trans:0€Tsa tJ. circiy laciniis 3-pfo latitudine angustiori- 
bus, subunguiculatis, c&ncavis, ad basin j^ue distantibus, Fil. distincta, ^ 
breviora corollce, basi ovato-dilatata eoniigua, inde setaceo-subulata paientia: 
anth, cinnamomeo-rubentes. Stylus albus, infeme struma obovato-turbinatd 
angtUari-plicatd micante extumescens, ind& triquetro-subulatus, ^-sulcus: 
i»ti^. obsolete trina. 



This genus, comprising a vei-y naturally assorted group, 
is remarkable in its ordinal section, for the strange incon- 
stancy in the configuration of the style, a part of almost un- 
deviating uniformity throughout the rest of the section. 



VOL. VI. 



In this genus however it is a part more prone to conspicuous 
change in the transitions of species, than even the less es- 
sential ones, and those usually the subjects of obvious va- 
riation, are found to be in most other vegetables=and 
it would seem as if this circumstance was combined with a 
similar tendency in the filaments, which occur within the 
corresponding limits, sometimes entirely distinct, at other 
times variously monadelphous, at others partly monadel- 
phous and partly gynandrous, three alternate ones adhering 
one to the other, the rest to the style; differences that in 
strictness would require their dispersion among three dis- 
tant classes of the Linnean System. 

All the species yet known belong to the Cape of Good 
Hope; from whence the present was introduced by Mr. 
Masson in 1774, and soon after recorded by Dr. Solander in 
the first edition of the Hortus Kewensis, under Leucajum; 
from which genuSj though plainly its near of kin, it differs 
in not having a follicular or unilaterally dehiscent spathe, 
nor reversed anthers longer than the filament, and that shed 
the pollen from an aperture at their summit. 

In the genus our species is known by a style with a tur- 
binately ovate angularly plaited wenlike protuberance, form- 
ing the part belovv the middle and just above the base. 

The drawing was taken towards the end of autumn from 
a plant that flowered in the conservatory of Mr. Griffin, at 
South Lambeth, where the bulb had been recently received 
from abroad. We never saw it growing in any other 
collection. 



SPECIES. 

spiralis, nob. in Curtu^g magaz. tab. 1383. 

rubella. Jacq. »c. rar. tab. 358. 

stellaris. nob. Amaryllis. Jacq. hort. schcenb. tab. 71 

crispa. nob. in Curtis's magaz, tab. 1363. 

gemmata. nob. in Curtis's magaz. tab. 1620. 

undulata. Jacq. ic. rar. tab. 360. 

linguxfolia. Jacq. ic. rar. tab. 356. 

tnincata. Jacq. ic. rar. lab. 357. 

angustifolia. Jacq. ic. rar. tab. 359. 

filifolia. Supr^. 



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441 



STENOCARPUS saHgnus. 

ff^iilow- leaved Stenocarpus, 



TETRANDRIA MOXOOr^M. 

NaL ard, PHOTE^- Jussieu, gen. 78. Div. IL Fructus uniloculaiis 

polyspenniis. 
pROTEACE^- Brown in trans. On. 90c. 10- 15, Begg* Dip, 
IL Fructus dehiscens* Subdiv. A. Unilocutaris* 

STENOCARPUS. Cor. irregularis, petalis distinctis secundis- Sta- 
mina apicibus cavis petalorum immersa. Glandula kypogyna unica^ senu** 
aonnlaris. Germ, pedicellatum polyspermum. Stylus dedduus. Stigma 
obliquum, orbiculato-dilatatum, planiusculum, FoUiculns linearis* Semina 
basi alata! Fj-utices glaberrimi. Folia altemut integerrima. Vhibellm 
axiilares v. termiiiales pedunculatce. Fhres ochroleuci^ Brown prod, l, 390. 



S. salignus, foliis elongato-Iaaceolatis basi trinervibus* Brown prod. 1*390. 
Stenocarpus saligDUs. Brown in linn, trans. 10. 303. 



It is a notable fact in botanical geography, and of which 
the observation is due to Mr. Brown, that the type of no 
australasian species of the present natural order, has been 
found to have extended itself into another region. With 
the exception of the present genus, a species of which has 
been found in New Caledonia, and of Lomatia exemplified 
by several species in South America, the same observation 
applies to genera under the existing definitions. 

Stenocarpus appears to come between Lomatia and 
Banksia, and consists at present of two species, of which 
only the New Holland one has found its way into our gar- 
dens. When we do not exactly know, but most probably 
not long since. It has not a place either in the Hortus Kew- 
ensis or in Sweefs Catalogue, the latest and most compre- 
hensive enumeration of the plants in our gardens. 

The di-a^nng was taken from a sample that flowered in 
the greenhouse at the nursery of Messrs. Colville in the 
King s Road, Chelsea, where it had been raised from im- 
ported seed, along with other curious plants from the same 
quarter. 

c 2 



The generic name has been suggested by the narrowness 
of the follicle (unilaterally dehiscent seedvessel). The 
main technical difference that marks the group in its tribe, 
is the striking anomaly of the seed being winged at the 
base, instead of the summit. 

Both species are smooth shrubs with alternate entire 
leaves, axillaiy or terminal umbels borne on stalks, and 
cream-coloured or greenish white flowers. They are com- 
prised in the following general character: Corolla irre- 
gular, petals distinct, in one direction. Stamens sunk in 
the hollow of the tops of the petals. Hypogynous gland (a 
gland below the germen) solitary semiciicular. Germen 
pedicled (with a stalk), many-seeded. Style deciduous. 
Stigma slanted, orbicularly dilated, flattisb. Follicle linear. 
Seeds winged at the bottom. 

The species is distinguished from its congener Forsteri 
by elongately lanceolate leaves with three nerves at the 
Inise. 

We should observe that the flowers are exceedingly fra- 
grant; with the flavour of those of Olea odoratisstma. 



A/a 




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442 

LOMATIA longifolia. 

Long-leaved Lmnatia. 



TETRANDBIA MONOOYNI^. 

Nat ord. Pbotrr Juisieugen. 78, Div. IL Fnictus i-Ioc- polysper- 

mus. 

Proteace«. Brown in trans, Unn. toe, 10, 15, lejg. Div. 
IL Fructua dehiscens. Subdiv^ A- Unilocularis. 

LOMATIA. Cor. irregularis, petalis distinctis secundb. iS^am. apici- 
bus cavis corollae immersa. Glandule hypogynas 3> secundse. Germ, pedi- 
cellatum, polyspermum. ^ylus persistens- Stig. obliquum, dilatatum^ 
0ubrotundum, planiujsculum. FoUicuius ovali-oblongus. Sem. apice alate; 
alA ma^inaU, disco evasculoso. Frutices. FoL altema^ inplerisque di- 
visa r* dentata^ rari^ intefferrima, quandoque in eodem Jrutice varia, 
Hacemi terminales, interdum axillareSf elongati^ laxi, nunc abbreviati co- 
rymbosi, paribus pediceUomm I'bracteatis. Flores ochroleuci. Invokicr. 
nuUum. Seminis nucleus faring sulphured conspersus. Brown prod. 1. 389. 



L. hngifoHa, foliis lineari-lanceolatis elon^6s glabris remote serratis, race- 
mis axillaribus, pediceUis corolUsque pilosiuscutis, pistillis glaberrimis. 
Brown ^^od. i. 390, 

Lomatia longifolia. Brown in Hnn. trans. 10. soo* Sweet hart, suburb, hnd. 

Embo^um myricoides. G^j^t. sem. 3. 315. /. 318? (oonfeciante Bom* 

Brmim,) 
Tricondylus myrictefolius. Knight et Sattsb. prot. 1^2. 



The foliage of the plant of our figure was considerably 
narrower and far less conspicuously indented than in the na- 
tive specimens in the Banksian Herbanum: the racemes 
were also longer and more remotely flowered. But we 
believe the differences to be entirely imputable either to se- 
minal variation or exotic culture; and not the types of 
specific origin. 

The species is not enumerated in the Hortus Kewensis; 
but we find by Sweet's useful Catalogue of the Garden 
Plants in the environs of London, that it was introduced in 
1816 from New Holland; where it was originally observed 
by Mr. Brown on the Eastern Coast, near Port Jackson, 
growing on rocky banks of rivers and streams. 

LoMATiA is the only genus of the australasian Proteacece, 
besides Stenocarpus of the preceding article, that has been 
yet observed to extend its type into other regions. It con- 



sists at present of eight species, three of which belong to 
South America, the rest to New Holland. The following is 
the version of its character as defined by Mr. Brown. 
Corolla irregular: petals distinct, in the same direction. 
Stamens sunk within the hollow summits of the corolla. 
Hypogynous glands (glands below the pistil) 3, in one 
direction. Germen stalked, many-seeded. Style perma- 
nent. Stigma slanted, dilated, roundish, a little flattened. 
Follicle ovally oblong. Seeds winged at the top; wing 
bordered, evascular in the space within the border. The 
species consist of shrubs with alternate and for the most part 
either divided or toothed leaves, seldom quite entire, but 
sometimes varying in this respect on the same plant: 
racemes that are generally terminal, but sometimes axillary, 
sometimes elongated and loosely flowered, sometimes close 
and corymbose; pedicles in paii*s with one hracte to each 
pair; cream-coloured ^oitfer* : no involucre:" ^n^ the body 
of each seed powdered over with a sulphur-coloured meal. 

Longifolia is specifically distinguished in the genus by 
its linearly lanceolate elongated smooth widely seiTate 
leaves, axillary racemes, slightly furred pedicles and corollas, 
and smooth pistils. 

The drawing was taken last summer from a plant in the 
conservatory at the nursery of Messrs. Colville in the King's 
Road, Chelsea. It is still rare; although of easy culture 
and propagation. 



443 







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44 



o 



GREVILLEA buxifolia. 

JBoX'leaved Grevillea. 



TETRANDRIA MONOGYNIA, 

Nat ord. Prote^. Jussieu gen, 78, Div. IL Fructua unilocularis 

polyspermus. 

Proteace^. Brawn in trans, Hnn. soc. lo. 15, seqq. Sect, 
H. Fnictus dehiscent. Subdiv. A. Unilocularis. 

GREVILLEA, Cor. irregularis; petalis laciniisve secundis: apicibus 
cavis staminiferis. Antk. immersse. Glandula kypogytia unica^ dimidiata. 
Germ, dispennum. Siig. obltquuro depressum, (raro subverticale, conicum,) 
Folliculm i-loc.> ^--spennuSf loc* ceotraU. Senu marg^ata^ v* apice brevi^h' 
simfe alata. Frutices rarius arbores, pilis dum adsint medio affixUt FoK 
altemaf indivisa v, pinnatifida. Spicae nunc elongatts racemmtE, nunc ab^ 
brematiB corgmbosm v. fasciculiformes^ involucro nullo^ pediceltis geminatis, 
raro phtribus, paribus fasciculisve i-bracteutu. CoroHse sapissime rubi^ 
cundi^ nuncJlaviBf in guibusdam oblique insert<e, Folliculi tel coriacei ovatip 
stylo toto coronati, seminibus ovalibus, angusttssime marginatis et apice brc- 
vismne alatis: vet lignei, suborbiculares^ pseudo-bivalves ^ basi tantummodh 
styli mucronati, seminibus undiguc alatis. Brown prod. t. 375. 



Diu- /. Folliculi cariacH stylo toto stigmateque dep^-esso coronatu Semina 
ovalia angustissime margmata^ apiceve hrevissime alata, Subdiv. C 
Folia omnia integeiiima, Flores fascicutatif subumbellatL Pistillum 
lanatuntf pedicellatum, Folliculus ecostaius, Eriostylis. Brown 1. c. 

G, buxifolia, foliis ellipticis supra punctatis scabris subtiis tomento adpresso 
cinereis^ stigmate orbiculato appendicem recurvum yix tequaate. Brown 
prod^ 1. 379. 

Grevillea buxifolia. Browu in trans, tin, soc. 10. 174, Idem in Hart. Kew* 
ed. 2. 1. 206, 

£mbothrium buxifolium. Willd. sp. pL 1. 538. Smith new kolL 29- (. lO, 
AndrewB^s reposit, 218. 

£mbothrinm genianthum. CavanilL ic, 4. 60- t. 387. 

S^lurus buxifolia. Knight et Saltsb. prot, 115. 

S^lums collina. Knight et Salisb. prot, 116? (conjectante Dom. Brown,) 



This pretty shrub was introduced by Messrs. Lee and 
Kennedy from New South Wales in 1790. The drawing 
was taken from a plant that ilowered in the greenhouse of 
Messrs. Colville, of the Chelsea Nursery in the King's Road, 
in November last. We shall transcribe some remarks on the 
genus from Mr. Brown's elaborate account of the order to 
which our plant belongs- 

" Grevillea is probably the most extensive genus of 
Proteacece in New Holland, and admits of division into 
several very natural sections, most of which are readily dis- 



tinguishable by more than one character, existing eitlier in 
the parts of fructification or in habit, notwithstanding which 
I have not ventured to separate them into distinct genem, 
as I probably should have done, had I been acquainted with 
fewer species; but have given to each section a proper name, 
a practice that may perhaps be advantageously adopted in 
all large genera, where they are thus capable of natural 
subdivision. It must be unnecessary to observe that proper 
names can in this manner be given only where the sections 
are perfectly natural, and not in those cases where genera 
have been subdivided from single characters, and those jtoo 
of but little importance, as in Thunberg's division of Pro- 
tea, from the form and division of the leaves, to which may 
be opposed the masterly subdivision of the same genus given 
by Linnseus in the Mantissa, whose sections, though appa- 
rently depending upon single chai-acters, are evidently 
formed from a contemplation of the whole structure, as far 
as it was then understood; and it is remarkable that, with 
the exception of the first species, with whose real structure 
he was necessarily unacquainted, the rest are arranged, and 
even divided into sections, in most cases corresponding with 
the genera proposed in the present way.'* 

Buxlfolia falls within the division distinguished by cori- 
aceous follicles surmounted by the entire style with its 
depressed stigma, and by oval seeds which are either very 
shallowly bordered all round or very shortly winged at the 
top; and within the subdivision entitled Eriostyus, con- 
taining those species where the leaves are all entire, flowers 
fascicled and subumbellate ; pistil woolly and stalked, and 
the follicle without ribs. Among these it is specifically cha- 
racterized by elliptical leaves dotted and rough above, 
cinereous underneath, from the effect of a close-pressed 
cottony fur, and by an orbicular stigma that is scarcely 
equal to its recurved appendage at the top. 

Our page will not admit of the version of the definition' of 
the genus by Mr. Brown. 



44'j 




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>: //.^'/^, M 



444 



AMARYLLIS auUca. 

Mr. TVbodf&rd^s Amaryllis. 



HEXANDRIA MONOGYlflJ. 

Nat. ord. Narcissi. Jussieugen. 54. Dw. It. 

Amahyllide^. iJrotmprtH/. 1. 296. Sect. I. 
AMAR YLLIS. Suprd vol. 3. foL 236. 



Div. Bi-mulHfiartE: tubas coronatus: folia bif aria. 
A. auUca, biHora, ringeus ; foliis nitidis; tubi coronA (irm& coloratft obsoletS 

denticulatS; lacihiaimfl limbi infem^ involute ; stamimbus inclusis. 
AmaiTlIis aulica. NoMa injtmm. ofscim. and the artt. 2. 353. Sweet hort. 

sm. land. 65. n. 10. 

Bulbus integumentis cineraacetitibus. Fol. plus minut 9, larato-elongata, 
virinque attenuata, erecto-divergentia, non glauca. Scapus vix longior 
foliis, teres, gltcuciusculus. Germ. Uetk virens, oblongum, rotundaii 3- 
gonunt, exsulcum, estriatum. Cor. nutaiis punicea, venis satvraiilms picta, 
infemh pro \ parte virescens, snb^nncialis, 6~petalo-partita, eampanulato- 
nn^e««, labio inferiore />ojTec/o, sapenote suberecto-patente : tubus subnuUus, 
viridis coronS viridissimd i undce profundd v. circA; faux turbinate dihttata 
viridis or& utraque atrosanguineo-rvbens ; lacinise obUrngts, lanceolatte, tres 
exteriores 2 suvimis interioribus duplo angustiorest labii inferioris ires infrd 
imbricato-conniventes suprd distantes, karum laterales s lineari-obbmgtE sur- 
sUm obliquatcB caitaiiculatee, media latior porrectior htigius acuminata infr^ eas 
lateribus infiexis Jilamenta incumbentia comprehendens. Til. fascictUata, de~ 
clinato-resurgentia, breviora limbo, rubra, parum ituEquaUa, mfemi aUto ef 
rubrovaria, crassitwdine ferme penna comna; oxi^, atro^nrpurea, erecto- 
vibratiles; poWen sulpkureum. Stylus ^tamentis subagvii^astus ccmoolorquef 
longitudine corolla: stig. 3 replicata, ruhro-vhlaeea, pruinosa. 



This Splendid novelty was imported by Mr. Griffin from 
the Brazils. It flowered in the hothouse at South Lambeth 
in December last. A name had been already attached by 
ourselves to the species, taken up in a paper on this genus 
in the second volume of the Journal of Science and the Arts 
from a transient view of a sample produced in the gardens 
at Kew. 

The species belongs to a division of the genus dis- 
tinguished by a crowned tube. In most this crown is an in- 
conspicuous shallow colourless pellicle shredded into a kind 
of fringe; but in a group of 3 newly recorded ones among 
which is the present, this appendage is nearly entire, sub- 
stantially membranous, conspicuous, and seemingly associ- 
ated with the production of a two-flowered scape, if we are 

VOL. VI. D 



to judge from the specimens we have witnessed in the in- 
stances of calyptrattty psittacina, and aultca. 

Our plant difFere from its two immediate relatives in 
having a bright foliage, the outer segments of the corolla 
much narrower than the inner, and the lowermost one of all 
involute below the middle; specially from calyptrata by 
stamens which are shorter than the limb, from psittacina 
by a moredeeply divided corolla and a broader crown of one 
colour. The species Was first obsei'ved by the late Mr. 
Woodford. 



^ 



"'Ve have withdrawn the Amaryllis hyadnthtna of the 
163d ai*ticle (given in the second volume of this publication) 
from the genus where it had been provisionally deposited, 
and have founded a new one upon it, under a name in- 
tended as an acknowledgment of the benefit derived to Bo- 
tany from the pursuits of Mr. Griffin; the means through 
which many and valuable additions have been made to the 
Liliacece of our collections. 



GRIFFINIA hyacinlhina. 

GRIFFINIA, Spatka a-valvis umbellil polyanth^ brevior. Cor, infun-> 
dibuliformis nutans^ limbus 6-partitus irregularis bilabiato-campanulatus^ laci- 
ni(B 2 laterales labii superioris c^eteris dissimiles collaterali-conniTentes. FiL 
suDuno tubo inserta^ unum remotum arrectutn, reliqua declinata* Germ, 
loculamentis imo angulo collaterali-dispemiis : stig. simplex. Sem, (ex dictu 
-D. Griffin) globosa| duriits tuberosa» nitida. 

Differt AmARYLLIDE stoMtne uno infiexione dEtercrum c(mtrarid, lad- 
niis 2 labii superioris dUparibus colore mbstauiid atque injlexione qaadante- 
niisfpie etiam formd^ loculamentis germinis omdis ^ arrectis collateralibus 
angulo interiori Jundi annexis^ et fylii$ pctiolatu eum lamind costatd, Pe- 
dunculi frucHferiJloriferis pbtrimum productiores* Semina magniindine pisi 
majoris, pallida jtavicantia. 



Griffinia hyacinthina. 

Amaryllis nyacinthina. Nob. suprh vol, 2,foL 163. et in journ. ofscien, and 
the arts, v. 2. 369. 







^'K'. ^^^/.^d . ^/^. 



mj /^o .^. ,^c^y^^a^,j /70 £^cc^</^'M.y J/.^r.I-/ ./d20 



j^m:.^^-'-- 



445 

CONVOLVULUS siculus. 
Small-flowered Sindweed. 



PENTANDRIA MONOQYNIJ. 

Nat ord. CoNVOLVULi. Jusneupen. 132. JHv. L ' 

CoNVOLVULACEJE. Btoum wod. 1. 481, SecU L 
CONVOLVULUS. Supr^ vol 2. /o£ 133. 



Div* Caule prostrato s^ non volubilu 
C. siculuSf foliis cordato-ovatis superioribus acutis, pedunculis uniflom folio 

brevioribus, bracteis oblongo-laDceolatis calyce cniato longioribus. Willd. 

enum, 1. 205. 
Convolvulus siculus. Zw. fip. pL ed. 3. 1. 223. MilL diet ed. 8. n. a. 

WUid. ^'pL u 866. Iwrt Kew. 1. 212. ed. 2. i, 335. Lamarck encyc. 

3- 540. Flor. ffrtBc. t 196, Zant. 4* Jhcand.Jhr.fTang^ 3. 646. 
Convolvuius ovatus. Mcmch taetk, 450, 

Convolvulus siculus minor flora parvo ajmculato. JSoccon^ tie, 89. tab, 48* 
Convolvulus africanus minor. MmU. hist. 2. 18. t. T-fig^ 5* 

Annwts prostratns v. rarius submluhilU^ pedalis v, mbsesgnipedalis, 
ra^nomsy dhtanthr foliosm, ramis teretibus suAkmato-pilam, Fol. sparsa 
inftexiojie s^tbsecund^y snheordato-ovatay sesquiuncialia v. circa latitudine 
-J partium nnci^e^ Tiervosd, pilosinscuJa; petiolus triple brevior iamind v* 
ultrd. PeduncuU solitarit, axillares, umfloriy ^liformi-gracileSy bis longiores 
petioliSf pilosi, juxti infra calycem opposito-bibracteati ; bracteis foliaceis 
elongato-lanceolatis pube$centibus patentibus dnplo longioribus calyce. Cd. 
piloses; io\\o\^ cUiptico-laneeolata, acuminata^ piloso-ciliata, persistenHa, 2 
interiora duph fer^ minora, 3 exteriora snbatqtuilia pariim brevio^'a corolla. 
Cor. ^ minimis generiSr cceruleus; Umbo turbinato-rotaio, tuba brevi pallido. 
Caps, globosa^ glabra^ apiculatay a-hc 4-sperma, 



The smallest flowered of its genus we have met with* 
Usually ranked in the division of trailers or those which do 
not climb by twining round foreign support; but as the 
branches of our plant are sometimes seen to wind round 
each other as they lie on the ground, it seems to us to be 
rather an intermediate link between the twining and the 
trailing divisions of the genus, than to belong exclusively 
to either. 

Native of the southernmost parts of Europe, the Coast 
of Barbary, and Greece. Cultivated, as stated in Parkin- 
son's Theatrum Botanicum, by Mr. James Boel in 1640; 
but now very rare in our gardens, where we had never met 
with it, till last October, when we found it in a collection 

D 2 



of curious annuals in the borders of Messrs. Colville's nur- 
sery in the Kiiig's Road, Chelsea. 

Annual; trailing and occasionally in some degree twin- 
ing, from a foot to about a foot and half long, branching, 
distantly leaved, branches round, with rather a woolly fur. 
Leaves scattered, inclining one way, subcordately ovate, 
about an inch and a half long, and about J of an inch 
over at the broadest part, nerved, slightly furred: petiole 
thrice shorter than the blade or more. Peduncles soli- 
tary, axillary, one-flowered, filiform, slender, twice as 
long as the petiole, furred, oppositely bibracteate just 
below the calyx; hractes leafy elongatedly lanceolate, pu- 
bescent, spreading, twice longer than the calyx. Calyx 
bEurily furred; /ea^e#* elliptically lanceolate, taper-pointed, 
fiinged, permanent, two inner ones nearly twice smaller 
than the others, three outer ones nearly of one size, little 
shorter than the corolla. Corolla the smallest of any in the 
genus, azure blue; tube short, pale, limb turbinately rotate. 
Capsule globular, smooth, with a small point at the top, 
two-celled, four-seeded. 



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446 



SALVIA aincena. 

Caribbean Sage, 



DIANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Sect. 



Stamina 2 fertilia; r* dum 4 fertilia^ antherse omnium dimidiatse. 
SALVIA. Saprd vol ^.foL 347. 



S*amomaf foliis oblongo-ovatiB rugosis serratis; floribus spicatCHTerticillatis 

secundis^ galeft coroH?e rect^ viHos&; bracteis linearibus deciduis. Jacq, 

eclog. 69. /. 47; (mih Salvia boosian^.) 
Salvia amoena* Curtis's tnagaz. 1294. Aiton's epitome in add. 379. 
Salvia boosiaaa. Jaeq, eclog, he, dU 
Salvia Boosii, Trattinick observaU botan, 1* 59* ^nsd. archiv. der gewachi^ 

hmde, i^ no* 92 ; (Jide Jacquini in &>e. cii*) 
Salvia latifolia. An4hT9on in trans* soe* enc. arts and man. 25. 210; (exempL 

prototypum spantanemn ex ins, Sct^, Vincentii in kerb* D. Lambert). 
Salvia viotacea. Donn. cant, ed* 4. 8; (non aliorum)^ 

Radix perennis, Caules fruticosi, 6 ad S pedes alH, digitum mincrem 
mferius crassi, erecti, lignosi, cortiee Jusco-virtdi rimoso vestitu Ramiop- 
positi, patenteSf laxi^ obtmi tetrag&ni, glabri^ pnrpurascenti-virides. Foua 
opposita, petiolatay obhngo-ovata, acuminata^ serrata^ undata^ rugosa, 
utri7ique gmbr(it facie heti viridi, nittda; dorso pallida ad lentem sti&tilissimi 
punctata sed opaca venisfpie praminenHbus reticulata, nu0ora 6 pottices' longa, 
^i lata; peboli bipoUicares et bretnores, glabrit teretes, suprd depressi* 
Flores bremsHmh pedicellatif m spiels terminalibus vertidl&Uis secundis: 
verticilli ^-6-fiori, singuli bracteis 2 miniTnis Hneari-ianceolatis marceseentibus 
deciduis suffultL Cfal. cyUndricus^ striatus^ ad lentem pubescens^ st^rin- 
gens; labia superiare integro acuto, inferiare bifida segmentis divaricatis 
acutis. Cor. cganea: tubo atbo glabra, subfauce canstricto; fauce ampliata 
subpUcata svb labiis angustata glabra; laoiis suba^quatibus, superiori extiis 
vilhso recto concavo obtuso apice emarginato, inferiare trilobo piano glabro, 
laciniii medid rotundatd majorct lateralUnts oblongis. FH. longitudine corolbB^ 
alba, post antkesin erecta^ in medio pedicellata, parte inferiore latiarecon- 
nata et interdOm glandida antkerijormi aucta: anth. bOescenteSf erectce, 
didgjniB* Stylus longitudine labii mp^oris, Jlavescens, sub stigma viUosus: 
stig. bifidum hciniis inrnqualibus revolutis. Jacq* loc. cit 



A West-Indian shrub, known in our hothouses for at 
least twenty years past; and prized for the beautiful blue of 
the inflorescence. We are told by Baron Jacquin, that the 
plant was recognized by Messrs. Humboldt and Bonpland^ 
in a visit to the Schoenbrunn Gardens, as one they had ob- 
served in the course of their travels, but we cannot identify 
it to our satisfaction with any of the numerous species in 



the botanical works of those celebrated naturalists; and 
have consequently omitted the synonym adduced by Baron 
Jacquin from Willdenow as referring to a plant among 
those of Messrs. Humboldt and Bonpland. 

There are wild samples of the species in the Herbarium 
of Mr. Lambert, gathered by Dr. Anderson in the woods 
of the Island of St, Vincent, and recorded as above. There 
is also in the same Herbarium a sample from Jamaica with 
a spike of flowers nearly a foot ia length. 

Roof perennial. Stems shrubby, 6-8 feet high, about as 
thick as the little finger at the lowermost part, upright, 
woody, with a cracked brownish green bark. Branches op- 
posite, spreading, wide-set, obtusely 4-cornered, smooth, 
green tinged with purple. Leaves opposite, petioled, ob- 
longly ovate, taper-pointed, serrate, waved, wrinkled, 
smooth on both sides, on the upper side of a Uvely green, 
on the under pale, and when seen through a magnifying 
glass marked with very subtile dots but opaque .and reti- 
culately and varicosely veined, the lai^est ones about 6 
inches long, by 2^ broad: petioles about 2 inches long or 
less, smooth, round, depressed above. Flowers very 
shortly stalked, on terminal spikes, in whorls pointing one 
way: whorls 3-6-flowered, each whorl with two minute 
linearly lanceolate withering deciduous subtending hractes. 
Calyx cylindrical, fluted, obscurely furred, subringent; 
upper lip entire pointed, lower 2-cleft with pointed diva- 
ricate segments. Corolla deep blue: tube white smooth, 
constricted tinder the faux; /aim? wide, slightly plaited, 
narrowed close nnder the lips, smooth; lips nearly equal, 
upper Up furred on the outside straight concave obtuse 
notched at the end, /ower /ip 3-lobed Eat smooth, middle 
segment rounded largest, side-ones oblong. Filaments ihQ 
length of the corolla, white, upright after the pollen has 
been shed, stalked at the middle, connate at the lower 
broader pai*t and sometimes augmented with an anther- 
shaped gland: an^Aer^ yellowish, upright, twin. Style the 
length of the upper lip, deep yellow, villous under the 
stigma: ;s/^?na 2-cleft, with unequal revolute segments. 
(From the latin of Baron Jacquin). 




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447 

CROTALARIA vitellina 
Colville^s Crotalaria. 



DIADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 

Nat wd, LEGUMlNOSffi- Jumeuoen. 345. Div, V, Car. irregularis 
pamlionacea. Legum, i-loc. a-valv.=PAFTLiONAGEjE- JBromi in cr/ipcfu/. 
to Flind. voy. d. 

CROTALARIA. Sitprd vol, a.fol 133. 



w, Foliis tematix. 
C. viteUinaf pubescens; foliis temalis, ex8tipulatis> foliolis orali-lanceoU^s 

acutis duplo Icwgioribus petiolo hirtiiks vtUoso, lateralibus pauI6 mioori- 

bus: leguminibus pendulis* 

Fnitex viUosuB^ gracilis^ fiexvme diffushque ramosus. Fol. sparsa, di- 
ifanHa^ temaia^ exstipulataf petiolo conununi erecto^ stricto, viUo&o-canet- 
cente, subunciali, nnisuloOf foliolis ovali-^hngis^ lanceolaiis, pius mmus 
xesguiMnciaKbus, ntringue acuminutis, wuprd nudiit^culis r. ad venas taniAm 
pwentUmf, infrd mlhsis pallentibw nervosis, lateralibus paulo miaaribns, 
petiolis propriis brevis»imis crassis hirsutis^fiexilibus (meris articulis). Racemi 
ierminateSf mlitariit erecH, stricti, multifiori, 3-5'-imcta2e«f pedunculo in-* 
renti cum pube Juhd, floribus /oxttU sparn^^ dreads, fvico-fiavicaiUibn 
longitudine infra uemwidakm^ pediceltis duplo btem&ribus catyce tereiibu$ 
decurois bracte^ duplo bremore v. ultrd Hneari mbuUitd vtUasd deflexd radfen- 
si$f imam r. et alteram minutam appressam alti&s in $e gerentibuB* Ca]. 
iTire^cenx, fnltHhwlhsus, | brevi&r corolld v> circd^ ad i parte* Tisque ^-JidUs^ 
lO-nervis^ tvAo bretd fiiscesoente, $egmenii$ ieyuaHbm umceolato-aitenMais 
hilainato-patentibus. Vex. cordato-orbiculatum, sec&9 pedicellwn refiexum, 
mucronatumf cum macalA vioIaceA radiato^crinitd ad bann: al^ vexitlo 
carindque duplo angustiares, connivcnteSt lamina obcuneato-oMongA obtusis- 
simd: canno, \falcata, ventricasisHtMay pallida f acuminata, apice mrescensu 
VA-^ mon^idelpkwn, fnedio tenOs \o-Jidum, ungne tubuhso ^fissurd dorsaii in 
longumdivim: anth^^rif, obUmgtB, erecfce, a basi injixm* Germ, pedicel- 
lattim^ viride, sericeum, oblangumj compre&sumf polg'-(iot)-spemmm ; s^lus 
bis hngior germine^ vireus, st^latm, Mpemh arrecto-infiexusy pro jnaximS 
parte d latere interiare albo-barbatus : stif^d^ penieillu$ erectus $mmmitwttem 
denudatam stgli terminant indiquc atipitatum comparens. hegam..p&iiceUa'- 
turn, pallidum, vix unciale, oblongma, itifiatum, uppressi viUosum, r^ido- 
memhranaceum, stylo persi^tente caudato^acuminatim: semina pjufttt 2-4?; 
(at nan vidimus adulta^J 



We are informed that this plant has been only lately in- 
troduced from the Brazils. We do not find it either in Sir 
Joseph Banks*aor in Mr. Lambert^s Herbariums; nor can 
we reduce it to any published species within our researclu 

The drawing was taken in the hothouse at the nursery 
of Messrs- Colville, in the King's Road, Chelsea, where the 
plant flowera freely and produces seed. 



A small slender flexuosely and diffusely branched villous 
shruh about 2 or 3 feet high in the samples we have seen. 
Leaves widishly scattered, ternate, without stipules? com- 
mon petiole upright straight furred scarcely an inch long, 
with a furrow, leaflets ovally-oblong, lanceolate, tapered at 
both ends, about H inch long or thereabout, smooth on the 
upper side except on the nerves and veins, covered with a 
grey nap at the under, side ones rather smaller than the 
middle one, -partial -petioles exceedingly short flexile (mere 
joints). Racemes terminal, solitary, upright, straight, 3-5 
inches long, many-flowered, peduncle green with a roughish 
tawny no.^-^ flowers loosishly scattered, reddish yellow, re- 
flexed, rather less than half an inch in length; pedicles 
single, twice shorter than the calyx, recurved, round, with a 
twice shorter deflexed linearly subulate villous bracte at 
their base with one or two other very small close-pressed 
ones situated higher up. Calyx tawny-green, villous, about 
I shorter than the corolla or thereabouts, 5-cleft for about 
I of the length, 10-nerved, with a shallow brownish tube 
and bilabiately spreading lanceolately tapered equal seg- 
ments. VexiUum (upper petal) cordately orbicular reflexed 
to the pedicle, mucronate (with a small distinct point) 
marked with a violet-coloured radiately bordered spot at the 
base: aloj (side-petals) twice narrower than the vexillum 
and carina or more, connivent, cuneately oblong, rounded 
at the end: carina (the two lower petals conjoined) bloat- 
edly falcate, taper-pointed, pale, green at the tip. Fila- 
ment monadelphous, 10-cleft down to about the middle, 
tubular below with a dorsal fissure reaching to the base: 
anthers deep yellow, oblong, upright, inserted at the base. 
Germen green, short-stalked, silky, oblong, compressed, 
many (10?)-seeded; style twice the length of the germen, 
green, subulate, geniculately turned up, upright at the up- 
per part and whitely bearded along the inner edge: stigma 
a small white pencil placed above the naked interval at 
the end of the style and appearing as if stalked. Pod pe- 
dicled, pale, scarcely an inch long, oblong, bloated, co- 
vered with a close-pressed fur, stiffly membranous, ter- 
minated by the permanent style: seeds 2-4? 



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448 

ROSA gallica; «: subvar. cuprea. 

Officinal Rose; cci subvariety " Tuscany Rose." 



ICOSANDRIA POLYtiYNIA. 



Nat. ord. Rosacea. Jussieugen* 334. Div, JL Kos^, 
ROSA. SaprH vol i.foL 46. 



Div. VL Centifoliae. Set^ertE^ armis diffarmibus; bracieatw. FoHoia 

oblonga v. avatar rugosa. Discua incrassatu* faucem daudens, Sepaia 
, conipodta^ lindley monogr. 60, 
R* gallica^ armis subsequalibus conformibus debilibus, foliolis rigidis ellip- 

tJois, floribus erectis, sepalts (foliolis calycinis) ovatis, fructti subgloboso. 

Lindley monogr, 68. n. 41. 
Rosa gallica. Linn, ^, pi ed, 2. a, 704. Mm. tc. f. a2i.^g. ^. Diet* ed* 

8. ft. {10, Du Roi harbk. s.^^S* AJlion. pedem. a. 139, Tknnb, jap. 

214? Willd. 8p.pt 2. 1071. Romg roseit. tu 17. 22. 25.^(?. 6- 26. 28, 

31. 36. 38, 39. Persoan syn. 3. 4^. GmeL bad. als, a, 406. Hort. 

Kew. ed, 2. 3. 262. Smith in Ree/s cgchp. i» loco. Redautfs roses. 1. 

73- 1. 25-— 135, t. 54-— 2. 17- 1. 7,— 19- 1. 8. 10. 
Rosa cuprea. Jacq. Jragm. 31. t. M'^ff* Al Csubvar. kuju&.loci)^ 
Rosa belgica. Brotero^. lusit. i. 338. — blanda, id. eod. 
Rosa holosericea. Rossig rosen. /. 1 6.— damascena nibro-purporea- id eod, 

/- 18. 
Rosa rubra. LamarckJl.Jran^..^. lyy. 
Rosa sylvatica. Gaterau monta^. 94, 
Rosier de Provins. Regn. boU 
Rosa ceutifolia. Mill. diet. ed.. S. n. 14- Willd. ^*pl- 2. 1071. Persoon 

rgn. 2. 48-; T^m wrd Linnm qvuB provincialis Mimri, &c;) 
Rosa n. 3. Linn, cliff, igi. 
Rosa rubra» &c. Bank, kist^ 2. 34. 

(^) pumiUi, floribus simplicibus, radicibus repentibus. LindJeg h e. 
Rosa pumila. Linn, suppL 262. Jacg. au$tr. 2. 59* /. 198. AUion. pedem, 

2* 140. Wi/W. ^- ^/. 2. 1072* Persoon sgn. 2. 49. Marsck. Bieb.Jl. 

taur. cauc. l. 397. Hori. Kew. ed. 2. 3. 263- Pohl bokem, 2. 172. 

WakL cauc. 150. Smith in Ree^s cyclop, in loco. Ran enum. 112. 
Rosa olympica. Bonn cant. ed. 8. 170, 
Rosa austnaca. Crantz austr^ 86. Pollich palat. 50. 
Rosa repens. Munch, hausv. 5. 281. — hispida. id. eod. 
Rosa 1104. Hall. helv. 

iy) annnaf foliis utrinque nudis. Lindley loc. cit. 6q. 
Rosa arvinft. Krock. siles. 2. 150. Rau enum. 106. 



This universally admired genus, for ages the object of 
ornamental culture, has become so blended in our gardens 
by variation, that the accounts of the species are embar- 
rassed by iterations and fi^se synonyms, springing from the 
difficulty of arriving at genuine distinction in a maze of 
transitions obscured by an endless fluctuation of variety. 

VOL. Vf. E 



Difficultyhas not however deterred Mr. 14ndley from ap- 
plying his talents and acquirements to a new illustration of 
the whole group in a Monograph from whence the above 
most valuable synonymy and ensuing account of the subject 
of this article have been borrowed, and which in the coui'se 
of the current month will be ready for the public* 

The present species is distributed by that gentleman 
under three principal varieties, branching within themselves 
into numerous subordinate ones or subvarieties, the techni- 
cal discriminations of which may serve rather for the amuse- 
ment of the florist than the occupation of the botanist, and 
iare only noticed when the subjects are to be reduced, by 
means of synonymy, to places from which they may have 
been erroneously removed, as the present seems to have been 
by the late venerable botanist of Schoenbrunn. Why this 
has been called " Tuscany Hose** we are not told. - 

r 

" Since Rosa pumiU of Jacquin ia to be considered ad the wild state of 
this species^ it ought periiaps to hare been placed first rather than as a 
variety. In that case* nowever^ theweU*known name of 0a/2tca must have 
been given up for anottter, the knowledge of which scarce^ ext^ids beyond 
tfie country in whidi it grows wild, 

*' Switzerland and Austria product it in the greatest abunclance» but it has 
also been found in Asia by Bieberstein. Rau informs us that in the vicinity 
of Wurzburgh it erows so copiously as to injure the com exceedingly by its 
creeping roots, like IUjbus OEsius (the Dewbeny). It is better known in 
our gardens by Donnas name of olympicat while the name puntila is impro- 
periy applied to Rosa majulis* 

" The numerous double varieties knoi^ under the names of the Giant^ 
Velvet, Bishop, &c. Roses are of the most exquisite beauty , and would be 
unrivalled in the vegetable worid if accompanied by the fragrance which cha- 
racterizes less brilUaat species. The most splendid of them aU is the Tuscany 
Rose* 

" The Rosa arvina of Krocker*d Flora Silesiaca differs, as Rau himself 
confesses, in Uttle except having a smooth tube to the calyx and naked 
leaves. 

'* Rosa gallica has many points in common widi Rosa cetUifoUa (pri>- 
vincialis of the authors subsequent to linneeus). l%ey may be distinguished 
in any state by the stiff upright flowerstalks, want of large prickles, rigid 
leaves and smaller petals with shorter sepals (caTycine leaflets) of the for- 
mer; its mode of growth is more compact and stature generally less. Its 
leaves are moreover never edged with glands, which those of centtfoHa al^ 
ways are. 

" ForsIUhl's Rosa gallica, which he mentions as growing at Constanti- 
nople as lugh as the houses, and with double white flowers, cannot possibly 
be this. Could he mistake Rosa moichata for it? irtiicb is known to be cul- 
tivated there.** LimUey mwogr. he. cit 







* 






-:/l,tf/t.l rM. 






J,/:hr/\..H'- 



// 



449 

GARDENIA florida; cct Jkre simpHci. 
Single-flowered Cape Jiasmine. 



P5NTANDRIA MONOOYNIA. 

Nat. ord. RuBiACE£. JWmeuyei** iq6. iWr, IV, Fnictus monocar- 
pus bilocularis poiyspennus. Stam. 5, Fol. opposttoi oaulis saepd frutes- 
cetis*. 

OARDENIA. CaL nnmevQ segroentonim varius. Car, infundibuli- 
formts. Oerm, infenua^ i-Ioculare^ receptacuUs s v. plurit^us^ paiietdibus^ 
omla numerosa affigeDtibos. Jfacca I'^locularis, polyspenna. Embryo di- 
rectioae varius, Ao#6wyA MS& (exanglA ' 



JHv. Inerme$* 
Q, florida^ fruticosa, foliis ovatis^ utrinque attenuatis; baccis elongato-tor- 

binatts costis tot acut^ prominentibus quot segqiento calyds. B/Oxb, ioc, 

eit* (ex ouffL) 
Gardenia florida. Xmit. «p. pi ed* 2. 1. 305, Mill, dtct^ ed. 8. m. 7. Thimb, 

dis9. de Gardmid, n. a. Ejusd^Jl^jap. 108. Laur^iro cochm, 147; (Jide 

y)eciminu areketupi Herh^ banks, asservati), Hort, Kew* U 393. ed. 9. 

1. 368, Wittd. m. pL 1. 1235. Smith in Rees's cj/chp> in loco, 
Arbuscula sinensis, Bfyrti majoris fotio^ vascido semincui hexagono, ad sin* 

guloa angul^s alls foliaf:^)s munitOi qu^ porrectse vascuU conwam eflfor- 

mant, Umki Sinenaibus dictfu Plukn. fmalth, 39. 
Fratex cynosbati frnctA alato^ tiactoriot barbuUs Icmgioribiis conuiaio. PetiOm 

mm* 498. Ray hi9t, 3. 333. - . 

Si vufyd ^tsiiuas, JSCtew^f^-amem, e3pot.fa$c. 5. 808. 

(a) flore simiHid. 

Gardenia jasmiaoides* SoUmder in philowpk, trans, 53* 654. foA. 30; (ex- 

emplario Weco detui^ta)* 
VDiki» alijls Umuy; ^ujus fnictum ad colorem escarlatinum tingendum in- 

servit; florem fert rosaceum, atbumj, hexapetalum. PhJ», amaUh, a\^. 
, tab, 448. Jig, 4- 
{$) flore pUno. 

Gardenia jasminmdes. ^Hi in pkiloscpb, trans, 51. 935. fa6. 33. 
Jasminum? ramo unifloro [deno^ petaks coriaceis, Ehretpiet. tab. 15. 
Jasmiaum foliis lanceolatis oppositi^ int^errimia calycibua acati<nibti8. MilL 

ic, tah, 180- 
Cat»o{nrii. Rnmph, amb, 7. 36. «. H'^ff* 9* 

Frutex* Germ, turbinatum costis 5-6 acuti prominentibus, Jimdo 3*5- 
hc^are^ iuprd i-loculare. Bacca obbmga^ aurantiaca, glabra, magnit^r- 
dine ovi colmnMni^ costis 5-6 i segmentis calucini$, persistentibns decmrren- 
tibus angmlata^ i-hcukaris : receptacula sapwt 4 de pariete interaned tisque 
ad i partem diametri cavitatis locuhmenti prostantia, indiyue in loboM 3 r. 
pbsres disdedentia: sem. mtuKrosa, pulpd aurantiacd nidubmiia, subrotunda^ 

\, rugo$a, Boxb« 1. c. (ex ang^.) 



There is np pablished. figure of this shrub frbm the liWng 
plant in-the angle-flowered state; bat we find an engraving 

E 2 



of it in that state from a dried sample attached to the his- 
tory of the species by Dr. Solanderin the Philosophical 
Transactions; which has not however been cited in any sub- 
sequent book we have looked into. 

Native of China, Cochinchina, and Japan. Cultivated 
very generally in the gardens of India. The single variety is 
of much later introduction amongst us, than the double one 
so highly prized in our coUeclions for beaiity and fragrance. 

In the Hortus Kewensis, Otaheite has been numbered 
among "the native places of the species; but we agree en- 
tirely with Sir J. Smith in regarding the South Sea plant, 
of which there is a fine drawing in the Banksian Library, 
as a distinct species. 

" The on^nal idea and characters of this genus are 
taken from G. Jlorida, commonly called * Cape Jasmine.* 
This was first brought to England by Capt. Hutchinson (of 
the Godolphin Indiaman), who about the middle of the last 
century, met with a bush of it in full flower, somewhere near 
the Cape of Good Hope, probably in a cultivated state. He 
brought the whole plant in a pot to England, and it was pre- 
served in the collection of Mr. Richard Warner, (of Woodford 
Row, Essex,) a great cultivator of exotics. Mr. Gordon, 
the nurseryman, having obtained layei-s from the tree, pro- 
pagated it so successfully, that he is said to have gained 
more than 500/. by the produce. It is now frequent in our 
gardens, treated as a stove-plant, though it chiefly requires 
great heat in the early spring to make it bloom, being at 
other times a hardy greenhouse plant. The flowers are of 
the size and aspect of a double Narcissus poeticus, with a 
sweet and very powerful scent resembling the flavour of 
ginger. They turn buiF as they fade." Smith I. c. 

The berries, which are full of an orange-coloured pulp, 
are used as a dye in China and Japan. The drawing was 
taken at Messrs. Colville*s nursery, King's Road, Chelsea. 

Dr. Roxburgh observes, that he has always found a 
small inflected toothlike process in the bottom of each fis- 
sure of the calyx, which shows best when the berry is ripe. 
He gives the following description of the fruit. " Germen 
turbinate, with 5-6 ridgelike angles, S-5-celled at the base, 
1-celled above, with 3-5 parietal receptacles to which nume- 
rous ovula are attached. Berry oblong, orange-coloured, 
smooth, the size of a pigeon's egg irith 5-6 sharp-edged 
longitudinal angles the continuations of the permanent ta- 
per-pointed segments of the calyx, 1-celled." 



J^O 




I 



'-^.rr. M. -7^.-,.L-c^.,/,./ . 



/y:.'' /./ , '''.MK/,';f/ ///' .A,.f,^'V^.'/^.„/ / /yjtl 



./;//■/'</.." 



450 



ARUM orixense. 
Orissa Cuckow-point. 



MONCECIA POLYANDRr^, 

Nat. otd. AROIDE.E. JuBsieu gen. 33. XHv. I. $padix spathd invo- 

lutus. 

AroidEjE (includetate» tarn Typhas quam Aroideas Jtu- 
sieuii). Brown prod. 1. 333. SIbc*. /. Flores diclines; Perianthio (calyce 
7tob.) nullo. Aroidea verts. 

ARUM. S^tka iQono^ylla, cucullata, faasi conroluta. /^tadix apiee 
nudus, medio stanunifet, anttieris multiseridibus; basi fenuneus: sfepiite 
StaminUms jputillUoe sterilibus fertilibus approximatis. Baccee uniloculare?, 
polyspennsB. Semina parieti altera inserts. Radicukt umbilico obversa. 
Brown prod. 1. 335. 



Div. Acauliafoliis simplicibus, 
A. orixense, foliis hastato-tripartitts^ spatM pedunculate bicolori spadice 

longiore ; apice lanceolato deflexo. Brown in Sort. Kew, ed se. 5. 309. 
Arum orixense. Roxburgh MSS. cum tab, pict. ined. Andrews's repoHt^ 

356. Srown prod. 1. 336. Carey hort, beng, en he. 

Perenne, acauie, radice tvherosA subtmfractuoso-rotundatd, albd, moff- 
nitndine circith^ ovi pultastrihi minorist fibrts Hrca gemmw matricem cri- 
nitd. Folia radicalia, petiolatis, profuwU tr^obatay B-iO^uncialia, lobis 
ocatis acuminatis repandis nervQ gemmato periphteruB proximo paraUelo d 
' parte supind cireumdatis: petioli teretes erecti attenuati striaii i^-uncialest 
basi canvoluto-vagiTUtntes, Sct^us axillaris (subterraneus) pro tanto dmt- 
tazat ehngatus ut spatham proximi extra kumMm sublevet. Spatha oe<to2u 
brevior striata erecfa» intiis rubra cohrata, ext^ herbacea. Spadix basi 
(femineus) genninibus congestis indeque eantiguo tuprS amtectus Jilamentis 
sterilibus ramosiSj medio antheris aggregato-circnmddntibus ex^mest^ns, 
indc suprd iteriim Jilamentomm priorum consimilium annuldl crinitus ; clavft 
ntidd coccined subulatd spadicem totum reliquam eequante basi latiore subtus- 
que ctmcavA terminutus. Roxb. MSS* (ex angl. versum)* 



The species has been observed by Dn Roxburgh in the 
East Indies and by Mr Brown in New Holland; and was 
introduced by Sir Joseph Banks id 1802; but still continues 
to be exceedingly rare in our collections. The drawing was 
taken by Mr. Herbert from a plant that flowered last autumn 
ia the hothouse of his Botanic Garden at Spofforth, a source 
from which numerous rare plants are finding their way 
among the curious. 

Among Dr. Rpxbiirgh's unpublished drawings in the 
Banksian Library there is a coloured representation of this 



i 
f 

i 
f 

( 

t 

L 

(< 

L 

/ 



t 

I 

t 

L 

h 
f 



planl done in India. From this we have borrowed the sketch 
of the spadix, to be seen by the side of tlie principal figure in 
our plate; and from the manuscript illustration of the 
drandng the following account. 

" Native of the shady Mango-Groves, &c. near Semul- 
cotahi where the soil is pretty dry and fertile. Root peren- 
nial, tuberous, nearly round, white with small inequalities; 
surrounded by fibres at the top where the leaves and scape 
come out. Stem none. Leaves radical, petioled, deeply 
three-lobed, 8-10 inches across each way, lobes ovate, 
pointed, a little scalloped, smooth, with a double nerve at 
the under side near to and parallel with ttie margin: petioles 
«rect, round, tapering, striate, about 1 2 inches long, sheath- 
ing and embracing each other at the base. Scapes axillary 
very short, just long enough to elevate the spathes above the 
ground. Spathes shorter than the petioles, striate, erect, 
red on the inside, herbaceonsly gi-een on the outer. Spadix 
surrounded at the base with germens crowned (placed im- 
mediately below) many yellow branching (antberless) fila^ 
ments; swelled in the middle with anthers; and above 
these a second row of barren filaments ; club scarlet, as long 
as all the rest of the spadix, upright, tapered from a concave 
base to a point which is neither obtuse nor sharp.** 

** The roots when fresh are exceedingly acrid, more so 
than those of the Common Dragon (Arum Dracunculus) or 
the Wake-Robin (Arum maculatum) of Europe. The natives 
apply them in cataplasms to discuss or bring forward scir- 
rhous tumours. They also apply them externally for the bite 
of venomous snakes ; at the same time ^ving inwardly a 
piece about as big as a field-bean.** 

The Aroideoe of Mr. Brown include the Typhs as well 
as the Armdeae of Jussieu, and are defined by a character, 
of which the following is intended for the english version. 

Flowers spadiceously aggregated (collected together in a 
body upon a spadix); sometimes bearing the stamens and 
the pistils separate and usually naked; sometimes tnth a 
4-6- seldom 3-parted calyx bearing both stamens and pistil. 
Stamens in the naked flowers aggregated, in those with a 
calyx opposite to the segments of the calyx and generally 
equal to them in number, with anthers that &ce outwards. 
Germens, in flowers where stamens and pistil are borne in 

separate ones, placed at the lowei-most part of either the same 



or a diflferent spadix, aggregated: In those where the stamens 
and pistil are borne in one flower, solitary within the calyx, 
detached, 1-3-ceUed, l-manyseeded, (wula upright, some- 
times inverted or else inserted at the wall of the cell. Stifle 
eithernone, or simple. Stigma I. 5eedvef«e/cIose, either ber- 
ried or else with a shell. Seeds with an albumen (perisperm), 
seldom (and then most probably only after germination has 
begun ?) without. Embryo (rudiment of the future plant) in 
the axis of the albumen, strmght, cylindrical, monocotyle- 
donous (with one seed-lobe). Radicle (rostel) obtuse, pomt- 
ing towards the umbilicus of the seed, seldom the contrary 
way. Cotyledon (seed-lobe) cylindrical, having on one side, 
(outwardly where the seedvessel is manyseeded) a short 
longitudinal cleft situated near the radicle. Phtmule (plume) 
2-3-leafletted, leaflets rolled inwards at the edge, the outeiv 
most one placed opposite to the cotyledon, embraced between 
the edges of the cleft belon^ng to that viscus, more or less 
uncovered and enfolding the inner mutually fronting ones. 
Plants either herbficeous or else suffhitescent. Root either 
tuberous or else thick and fleshy. Leaves sheathing, simple 
or compound, all usually upon the root. Spadix terminal, 
lateral, or radical, mostly only one and sbrowded by a 
spathe; sometimes naked. 

-Mr. Brown observes that the only distinctive character 
that marks the order throughout, is afforded by tbe embryo, 
which is of a very difl^erent structure from that of any other 
of the vegetable groups comprised in the monocotyledonous 
class to which this order belongs. 

Arum belongs to the first section of its order, consisting 
of the genuine AroideiXi, with androgynous naked flowers; 
and has received a generic definition from Mr. Brown, of 
which the version is as follows. Spathe of one piece cucullate 
(cowled), convoluted at the base. Spadix naked at the top, 
bearing the stamens (consisting of numerous rows of an- 
thers) in the middle, and the germens at tbe bottom : gene- 
rally having barren stamens or barren pistils near to the fer- 
tile ones. Berries one-celled, manyseeded. Seeds inserted 
on one side of the loculament or cell. Radicle pointing to- 
wards the umbilical point of the seed. 

It is suggested by the same author, that the genus will 
hereafter be to be divided into two, according to tbe stmc- 
ture of the germen which is manyseeded ia some, and clearly 



dne-seeded in others. And he observes that it is still a mat- 
ter to be investigated whether those appendages of the spa- 
dix always found near, the anthei*s in genuine Arum? (the 
ones with manyseeded fruit) are of course to be regarded as 
barren stamens, while on the other hand in the one-seeded 
species where they are contiguous to the germens they are 
consequently to be accounted as barren germens. 

Orirense is known among its congeners, by hastate three- 
parted leaves, a peduncled two-coloured spathe longer than 
the spadix, lanceolate and deflexed at top. 

$ 

N. In the last lasdculus^ fol. 440, page 2, lino iG, for " Leucajum'* 
read '* Leucojum;'* in the last line of the second page of fol. 441, for 
" Olea odoratissima.^ read ** Olea fragran$,^' 




/5/ 



..f^/'*'' t '^ 



L-- 



y 



■-'/ ^7' 



Lv' *,^*r 



./ V 



.'*'; 



./. /cr:^a. 



»'■- ''' 



451 



CfllMONANTHUS fragrans : /3. grandifhtus. 

LoTge-Jlowered Japan AlUpice. 



ICOSANDRIA POLYOYm^^ 

Nat. wd. Calycanthe^. LiwUe^ mtprd vol 6./0L 404. 

CHIMONANTHUS. Stamina ^ubaequalia, DersisteDtia, 6 exteriorm 
fertilia, maturitate basibus connatid faucem operientuu FTutice$ (Japonue) 
rami$ virgatis. Fhrei amllares^ soUtarih 6dan^.^fiav€»cemte$, intuM purpur 
ret lindley supi^ toL fi. fol, 404 in Dot& ad calc^n pag. 



Clumonanthus (r^;rans. Lindley MSS, 

Calycanthus prsecox. Lin. «p. pL ed, % 3. 718. WiUd. m, pi % tliO, 

Bart. Kew. 2. 220. 1. 10. ed. 2. 9. 282. Cmii$'$ magaz, 466. 
Obai s. Robai. K<Bm^. amcen. exat, 878. t. 879. 

(^) ffrandifiorus ; flonbus subrotundis mtuoribus: lacmiis patentibiis: exteri-- 
oribus nunc maj^ine crispatuKs. Linmey MS& 

(a). Frutexvirgrafw. B^m\apponti,virgati,imp9ibe$,cartieepatHdibnmr 
neo scabrello; ad nodos tumidi. Folia OfipMite, breviter petioiata, riffida, 
UmceolatUj acuminata^ piana, integerrima, $cabru, venu primarii* prmcipvA 
Mbms pihsiuscuUs, wpr^ atro-mridia miteiUut^ m/*"^ pat&diara. Flores 
post folia, odoratiMnmif axiUares, nAie$$ileif mlUarii, eermU; bracteae 
numerosm, pilosiB, bnamets, imbricatap auperiores tensim M^ores» demihm 
tran$eunte$ in periantliiuiii : foliolis impu^bui, tmAricofu* basi in t^Ao con- 
natis, exterionbus owUibM, tsanoavtM, oHuHb, margine pbtno seu eritpatulop 
amcsni bUeicentibus, semidiapkamiM, intefioribu MmgwicuhUi$, umim minori- 
6w, cra$9i€rUm$y eoccineis awido-maetU^ii. Stamina^/avce camoid imerta^ 
numero variabiliaf siepissimi 10, twn urie digpHci; 6 exteriora yer^iAa> 
filamentis camosis pilonuscuHs, foliolis intimis bretiora, uUra an^ras poi* 
ticas, ellipticag, adnatas, bihculares, Umgitudinaliter ^kinente$, htes^ 
centes, medio semiMeptifetaSt producta: pollen fpA^prtciPit; interioTa toti- 
dem paulb breviora, fil^ormia^ pihssa^ tequalia, stylonm h^itudine. Star- 
mina phtra utriusque $eriei quandoque tuperadAmtur, $ed hmc vel manca vel 
situ irregtUaria, O^uia (gennina) receptacuJo camoto m ban tubi tetsiSa^ 
nniloeulaTiaf impt^ia : ovi^is duobu$, vertieahbui, oAeemdeHtibus, smeriore 
citimmi obUterato ; styli toiidem, JtUformet; stigmata nmpUwnma. Fnictus 
^Umgns, i tubo perianthii tncrassati, vehOinns, lacintts decidiUi cicatrizatns, 
fu$cm$t Mtaminibus permt&Uibus camosis basi connatis (an semper?) eoro^ 
natus, sapore terebinthino. Achenopses 1 r. 2 (5-6 er Ksmpn), 06/m^, 
brvnnea, nitida, basin wrsiis pUosa, cornea. Semen soUtarit^m adscendems£ 
testa papyraeea, pallid^ brwmea; raphe erassa reetiUnea axi fmetus ad- 
versa; chfldaza orbiaUaris. Embryo Caltcanthi. lindley MSS. 



" tinder the article Calycanthus fertilis in voL 5. fol. 
404, I have proposed to distinguish the Calycanthus prte^ 
cox of Linuseus as a separate genus, by the name of Chimo- 
NANTHUs. The propriety of this measure has been con- 
firmed by my subsequent observations. It differs very ma- 

VOL. VI, F 



3 

1 



tenally from the true Calycanthi, which are confined to 
North America, in having the fruit crowned by the persist- 
ent, recurved, fleshy stamens, which grow together and 
close up its orifice. The difference in number of stamens is 
also of importance, because in the present genus they are 
ten inserted in a double row; in Calycanthus, on the con- 
trary, 48 and inserted in four rows, the innermost being 
merely rudimentary; so. that Chimonanthus must not be 
understood as a reduced Calycanthus, because, if it were 
such, its stamens would^ be twelve, or some such division 
of 48, and not ten, which is a division of 40. The pericarpia 
(seedvessels) , moreover, are very numerous in Calycanthus, 
and few in CnrMONANTHUs.** 

b 

"There is some reason to suppose that two spedes are 
confounded under the name of Calycanthus prcecox^ in the 
gardens. But as I have beeii unable to ascertain their limits 
satisfactorily, I shall confine myself to indicating in what 
the chief differences appear to consist. The one, which is 
that figured in the Hortus Kewensis and Curtis's Magazine, 
has greenish yellow flowers, of which the outer segments 
are even at the edge and scarcely spreading, and the inner 
ones dull purple; the other of which my figure in flower is a 
representation, has large, clear, yellow, roundish flowers, 
whose outer segments are sometimes curled at the edge and 
spreading, and inner ones bright red. I have not succeeded 
in detecting other differences, but am assured that the leaves 
of the large-flowered sort (which is cultivated in the collec- 
tion of Comtesse de Vandes, at Bayswater) are rougher t^an 
those of the other, and of a lighter green. It is necessary 
to state, that the fruit and detmls of the plate all belong to 
the small-flowered kind." 

" From the drawings of the Chinese I am disposed to 
beUeve that at least one more species exists among them, 
with very small yellow flowers. There is also, in an inva- 
luable collection of Japanese wood-figures of plants in Sir 
Joseph Banks*s library, a representation of what I am 
willing to consider a fourth species of Chimonanthus, with 
smooth egg-shaped fruit, and a very stunted habit." IMid- 
leyMSS. 

a, fruit of CJragrans; («) ; 1, stamens of the same mth 
perianthium (calyx) torn off; 2, a section of the same; 3; a 



section of an ovarium (germen); 4, fruit divided vertically; 
5, an achenopsis; 6, the same divided vertically; 7, the 
seed; 8, the embryo; 9, the same divided transversely. 
Lindley. 

This valuable article is a contribution by Mr. Lindley, 
as is also the fine drawing of the present unpublished variety 
(probably distinct species) as well as the representation of 
the fruit of the previously published variety and the masterly 
illustration of its constituent members, of which the figures 
of the minuter kinds are highly magnified. 



NOTE. 

I 

.RUM arixense of the 450tli 



for *' Cuckow-pintJ 



Cuckmo-paitU 



92 



f 



4^5 u 







^A 




,' 




/ 



•^f 



^ . /^ 



^; 



'l-'a'^/y J. M^^a^cw /'/U <i^^^.-//^^'//^ J'it^.j, /. /&2-0. 



J',' Ma^i^-il ^^ • • I 



452 

ROSA paiTifolia. 

Burgundy Hose, 



ICOSANDRIA POLYQYNIA. 



Nat, ord. Rosacea. Jumeu gen. 334. Div. IL Rosae. 
ROSA. Supri vol. 1. foh 46. 



p-c* VI. Centifolw* SeUgerwt armU d%ffmmxhu$; hracteattE. FoHola ob- 
hnga vel avata, rugosa^ Discus incrassatus fancem chudens* Sepaia 
(folioia calgcina) comjporita. lindley monogr. 60. 

R* parvifolM, nana^ armis subsequalibus, folimis rig^dis ovatis acutis ai^t^ 

serratis, sepalis (foliolis calycinis) ovatis. Lindiey m&iwgr. 70. n. 42, 
B^sa parvhfolia. Ehrburt betftr. 6. 97. Willd.^. pL 2. 1078. Perswm syn, 

2. 50* Smith in Rees^ cgchp. in loco. 
Rosa remensis. Desf<mU caU 173. Decand. fi. franc. 4, 443* Mer. par. 

191, 
Rosa bui^undiaca. Rossig rosen, t. 4, Gmel. bad. ab. 2,' 431. Brotero 

far. hsit. 1. 339, 

Flantaywoa compacta ctjeHa : rami subglauc€scent€$,8trictif erecti, graci^, 
aculeis imequalibus tenuibm suhfalcatis setis parci intermixtis armatu Folia 
surculorum adultiorum bis saltern intemodtis bmgi&ra, ramulorwtt wmeltissi- 
simorum canfertissimi aggregata; stipulae Kneares, suhnvdm^ glandulis ci" 
HatcBf lucide vtrentes; petioU ^fost , aculeotis paucis robtutis wbi^ armati, 
glandviosi; folioia 3-7, scepissimi 5, parva, r^ida, ovata, acutaj plana, 
subtilissimi et simpKciter dentata dentibus hinc gkiTiduld donatis, suprk 
saturate opacegtie tdrentia rugasa atque nuda, mbiUs cinereo-palkntia va- 
ricoso-venosa cosid medidpilasd, par imum, cum paria trinis plura, ple^ 
rumque exiguissimum. Flores ^titariif ramutis novellit €X8uperati, ewac- 
teati, pwpurei, seriebus mnltiplidbus petal&rum semper repleit ; peduncu- 
lus depilis, setis paucis invalidis adspersus: calycis tubus avatus, nudvs; 
folioia (sepala) ovata cum acuminef subsimpliciay concava^ rejlexa^ pilosa 
gtandulisque adspersa, plurimum breviora petalis: petala patentiu, prtEter 
interim^a partlm germinibns praoenientia arctissimique imbricantia; styli 
pilosis aliquantuhim exserta, ^ pube sua invictm coh^Brenles. lindley loc. 
cit. (ex angi, versum). 



Through the ingenious aniTinstructive Monograph of the 
Roses with which Mr- Lindley has just presented the puh- 
lie, the history of that intricate group has been freed by 
sound criticism from the obscurity and ambiguity which 
have hitherto perplexed the study of it, and its bounds 
largely extended by newly observed and curious species 
illustrated by original descriptions and admirably charac- 
teristic figures. 

The subject of this article is found under the section Cen* 
tifoliie, a section named after its assumed type the Rosa cew- 
tifolia of LiuDseus^ of which the Rosa provindalis of sue* 



L 



ceeding writers is ably shown by Mr. Lindley to be an un- 
guarded repetition, while the centifolla of the same autho- 
rities is proved to belong to the Linuean gallica. In this 
way provincialis becomes justly merged in centifolla. The 
section consists of damascena, centlfolia, gallica, and parvi- 
J'olia; and comprises in their varieties all the primeval fa- 
vourites, as well as the kinds which afford the celebrated 
essential oil called " Attar of Roses." A hint is dropped by 
Mr. Lindley showing, that in his opinion, it is not im- 
probable but that centifolia may have been the parent- 
stock of the entire section. 

" This species forms a little dark, compact, blueish grey 
plant. Branches somewhat glaucous, straight, erect, slen- 
der, ax'med with unequal, scattered, slender, somewhat 
falcate prickles and a few setae. Leaves on the strongest 
shoots at least twice as long as the joints, on the branchlets 
very densely aggregated ; stipules linear, nearly naked, fringed 
with glands, bright green ; petioles hairy, having at the back 
a few strong short straightish little prickles, glandular; 
lea/lets 3-7, usually 5, small, stifif, ovate, acute, flat, very 
finely and simply toothed; seiratures with a gland on one 
side, of a deep dull green, rugose, and naked above, pale 
ash-^olour, with a hairy rib and prominent veins beneath, 
the lowest pair, when more than thi'ee, generally very small. 
Flowers solitary, overtopped by the young shoots, without 
bractese, purple, always very double; peduncle naked; sepals 
(calycine leaflets) ovate with a point, nearly simple, concave, 
reflexed, hairy and scattered over with glands, very much 
shorter than the petals; these ai-e spreading, except the 
inner ones, which are in part formed from the ovaria (ger- 
mens) and very closely imbricated; styles hairy, a little pro- 
truded, and adhering by their down." 

" I have little hesitation in distinguishing this particu- 
larly from gallica (see above, fol. 448), especially as I have 
the authority of the accurate and observing Ehrhart for doing 
so. It surely diffei's as much from that, as that does from 
centifolia; and as I have no varieties to enumerate of it, 
there is the less difficulty in finding characters that may be 
depended upon. I have seen it growing in the most sterile 
and the most fertile soils ; yet without material alteration in 
its appearance, and most certainly without the slightest 
tendency to assume the characters of gallica (its nearest 
kin). M. Durand is I'epoi'ted, on the authority of M. De- 
candolle, to have found this wild on the mountains in the 
neighbourhood of Dijon." Lindley monogr. I. c. 



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453 

PSORALEA Onobrychis. 

Rough-podded Psoralea. Louisiana Saint-foin 



DIADFXPHIA nECANDRIA. 

NaL ord< Leguminosje, Jussieu gen. S^. Div. V. Corolla irregularis 
papilionacea. Legumen 1-Ioc- 2-valve.=PAPiuoNACE^ Srown in ap- 
p^id. FUnd. voy, % 

PSORALEA. Supra vol 3- fol 223- 



F. OnohrychiSf caule alto glabro; foliis iematis^ foHolis ovato-^lanceolatils 
subpubescentibus, racemis (axillaribus) longe pedunculatis^ secundis, 
legumine subovato muricato glabro^ radice flageUiformi. Nuttall gen. 2. 
104; excltiso Muhtenb. cataL (EcangL vermm), 
Stylosanties racemosa, Frasers catalogue for 1813. 

Caulis spadiceo-JiiscescenSf ^6-pedalis: ramis striato-angnlosis vilhng^ 
Foliola S'4runciaHa latitudine subduplo minore Umgi a&immata, utrinqvie 
pvnctata villosaqne; petioli piopm villoH, foliolorum lateraltum snbmin0rum< 
brevissimif centralis semundam longus v. ntagis triploque petiolo communi 6r«- 
vior; stipiUze parvce lineari-subnlatiSf erects, hir^uta, K^ceim pluHmi, soU^ 
tarii, confertiiU spicatiy sub^Tiales folio; ^picd. subrnterrupta^ duplo bremor 
peduDculo densi vi/loso p. multo magtSt ^ediceWiperbinos? veltrtnos? gegregoH- 
pilosiores subbreviares calyce, defiexi, bracteft singula Hneari-aubulata hirgt^Op- 
citd caduca ad basin cujmqtieJascicuH: flores j?aiTtt/i, purpurascentes. Cal. 
turbinato-campanulatuSf impunctatus, appresse villosus, duplo breinor co^ 
rolld, (IQ^nervis?) brevi-bilabiatus teguulis dentibusfi acutis^ labio aqteriore 
2-dentato, inferior^ S-dentato, CoroUse petala omnia obtwa; carina bretiw 
inclusa, (non vidimus receniem). Geim. oblongum, bremm cak/ce, compres^ 
suntf utrinque attenuatum (subpedicellatum?) papillosum: stylus dvph 
longioTf glaber^ d medio cum angulo obtuso ascendens: stigma jmncftim sub^ 
capitellato^obiusum, Stam. diadelpha: filamentum alterum brevissimi &- 
jidum: antherae subn^undo^ovatie acutu&, (Legumen ex Nuttall, calgcem 
exsuperans, monospermum, nigrum^ tuberculis vehementtr exasperatnm)^ 



A species observed by Mr. Nuttall on the banks of the 
river Merrimek, a few miles from St. Louis, in Louisiana* 
That botanist had not however seen the flowers before he 
recorded it, but ranked it in the present genus from the 
glandulariy dotted foliage and the short one-seeded pod; 
observing at the same time that the plant had much the op- 
pearance of an Hedysabum, and naming it specifically after 
the Onohrychis (or Saint-foin plant) of that genus. 

Seed was given by Mr. Nuttall to Mr. Lambert; and 
the plant raised in the gardens of Boyton House, whence 
the sample for the drawing was kindly sent to us dunng 
last summer. 



Mr. Nuttall questions whether our plant may not be 
the PsoRALEA hedysaroides of Muhlenberg's Catalogue; but 
there the flower is yellow. 

A hardy tall -growing herbaceous perennial. Stem brown, 
3-5 feet high; branches flutedly angular villous. Leaves 
teraate; leaflets ovately lanceolate, long-taper-pointed, 
slightly furred and glandularly dotted on both sides, 3-4 
inches long, about half as broad, two side-ones somewhat 
smaller, all when dry of a heavy yellowish green; common 
petiole shorter than the leaflets; lateral partial ones very 
short, central one about half an inch long or more; stipules 
small, linearly subulate, upright, shaggy. Racemes many, 
axillary, solitary, equal to the leaves or thereabouts, pe- 
duncle thickishly furred, twice as long as the spike or more; 
spike somewhat broken, closish; pedicles scatteredly de- 
tached in pairs or triplets? thickishly furred, rather shorter 
than the calyx,, deflexed, with a single linearly subulate 
shaggy quickly falling bracte at the base of each pair or 
triplet :^wer* small, purplish red, sweet. Ca/yx turbinately 
campanulate, not dotted, close-pressedly furred twice shorter 
than the corolla (10-nerved?), shallowly 2-lipped, equal, 
with five pointed teeth, 2 to the upper lip, 3 to the under. 
Petals all blunt, the two of the carina enclosed by the alee; 
(but we did not see the flowers while fresh). Germen oblong, 
shorter than the calyx, compressed, tapered at both ends 
(somewhat stalked?) papillary: style twice longer, smooth, 
bent upwards with an obtuse angle near the middle: stigma 
a small headed point.. Stamens diadelphous; one filament 
very shallowly 9-cleft : anthers roundish, ovate, rather 
pointed. Pod (according to Mr. Nuttall) overtopping the 
calyx, one-seeded, black and extremely rough with tu- 
bercles. 



NOTE. 

The following synonym may be added to the Astragalus caryocarpuB 
of foL 176, Tol. 2 of the present work; 
Astragalus carnosus. Nuttall gen. 2. 100 ; (non tamen Purshii $peciem Qwni- 

dam SoPHORJE cui perperdm ex D, NuttaBJructum Astbaqau carnoai 

attribuerat inteUigentis). 




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454 

PSORALEA melilotoides. 

Melilot Psoralea. 



DIADELPHIA DECANDRI^, 



Nat, ord, Leguminos^. Jussieu gen. 345. J>w. V. Cor, irregulari» 
papilionacea. Leg. t-loc. 2-valv.=PAPiLlONACEjE. Brown, in append, to 
Flind. vov^ 2, 

PSORALEA. Suprd vol 3. foL 223. 



Div. Foliis tematis. 
P. melihtoidesy foIiis omnibus tematis, foliolis lanceolatis, pedunculis folio 
long^oribus spicatis: spicis linean-lanceolatis, bracteis caiyce longioribus. 
Solander MSS; (sui, P, Asphaltite). 

Psoralea melilotoides. Micliavx bot. amer. % 58. Pursk amer, tepU 2. 475. 

Ventenat malm. 04. Curtis's magaz, 2063. 
Psoralea Melilotus* Persoon syn, 2. 347. 
Psoralea Asphaltites. Soland^ in Herb* 8f Sched* bank$ianis, Specimine 

$pontaneo tdcco assumpta, 
Melilotus psoraloides. Nuttallgen, 2. 104. 
Trifolium psoralioides. WalL carol. 184. 
Hedysanim leg;umiiiibus monospermis, foliis tematis foliolis lanceolatis, 

Gron, virg. erf- 1. 87; (affirmante specimine arcketypo Claytoni in Herb* 

Gronov, in Mus. banks* Hoc maU a LimuEO Hedysaro violaceo, nunc 

Lespedezje violacese, pro synonymo adjunctum est.) 
Melilotus flore violaceo, odore remisso. Clayton n, 103. (ex specim* arche- 

Onobrychis (fort^) Asphaltites angustiori folio triphyllo iloribus purpureis 
spicatis ex terrA mariani, Pluk, mant. 140; (affirmante specimine tierbarm 
Pluknetiaiii pag. 133; ^rfe Solandri)* 

Caulis angnlatus, erectus, ramis caule bremorihus* FoL altema, temata, 
petiolata: petiolo communi nnciali: foliola lanceolata, obtusiuscula^ sub- 
glabra sed punctis callosis utHnqiie adspersot leqnalia: impar longius d reli- 
quis remotum quam ilia d bast (in supeyioribus, inferiora non vidi). Sti- 
polae lineareSj lanceolat(E^ punctis adspersce. Pedunculi i supremis alix, 
nndt subterminakSf foliis dnplo v. triplo longiores, Flores subsessiles spicati: 
spica liJieari-lanceolata. Calyces punctis glandulosis adspersi* Bractese 
punctis magis callosis adspersie^ ovat<e, acuminat<£f fioribvs S-plo longiores, 
eosqne arcti includunt ante explicationem dum bracte^ cadunt; valde enim 
caducoi sunt. Sold^ud. L c.:^PerenniSy herbaceafptibescens* K^cemus iongis- 
simi pedunculatiis. Cal. varicoso-venostts* Cor- violaceo-pallens. Alae du- 
plo longiores carind v. ultra. Legumen vunwspermum, nudum, Imgitudine 
calycis, gibbosum, transversi rugommt stylo perststente resupinato termina- 
turn* Nuttall loc. cit. (ex anglico.) 



By the inspection of the corresponding sample in the 
Claytonian Herbarium, from which the Flora Virginica was 
compiled by Gronovius, we are certain that our plant be- 
longs to the species cited from the first edition of that work; 

VOL. Vf. G 



but at the same time we perceive that some confusion has 
been produced in the subsequent historyof the species, from 
the plant having been erroneously identified by Linnseus 
with his widely distinct Hedysauum violaceum, and by the 
error having been adopted, instead of corrected, by Gro- 
novius in the second edition of the Flora Virginica, where our 
plant (the one of the first edition) appears under the specific 
phrase by -which Linnseus had distinguished Hedysarum 
violaceum in his Species Plantarum, while the right phrase 
of the first edition is in this postponed to the wrong one, and 
transferred to the synonymy. We have in consequence omit- 
tetl all reference to the second edition of the Floi-a Virginica. 

Tlie species was taken up many yeai-s ago by the late 
Dr. Solander, under the specific title Asphaltites, from a 
spontaneous sample in the Banksian Herbarium. The de- 
scription we have published from the manuscript, anxiously 
wishing to promulgate even the least unnoticed memorial of 
that accomplished pupil of Linnseus. 

We are at a loss to conjecture why Mr. Nuttall should 
have displaced the species from this genus, with the asser- 
tion that it is not furnished with the glandules or calli, 
that denote an affinity to Psoralka; the foliage of the plant 
being in fact covered with such. 

The drawing was taken from a sample that flowered in 
th'e Sloane Square Nursery; the seed of which had been im- 
ported from Virginia, where the species is native, by Messrs. 
Erasers. It is a hardy herbaceous perennial. Not enume- 
rated in the Hortus Kewensis. 

Stem from a foot to a foot and a half high, angular, up- 
right, roughishly furred. Leaves alternate; leaflets very 
slightly furred, glandularly dotted, lanceolate with a 
bluntish point, equal; central partial petiole on the upper 
leaves as long or longer than the general one; stipules 
linear, lanceolate, glandularly dotted. Peduncles from the 
axils of the upper leaves, hence in some sort terminal, twice 
or thrice the length of the leaves (4-6? inches long). Flowers 
racemosely spiked, shortly stalked, of a palish violet-blue: 
raceme linearly lanceolate (3-4? inches long), upright. 
Calt/.v pubescent, varlcosely veined, and glandularly dotted. 
Bract es oviite, taper-pointed, three times the length of the 
flowers and enveloping them before they expand, after 
which they quickly fall off, dotted with glandules of a harder 
consistence than those of the other parts of the plant. Alee 
twice tlie length of the very short carina. Pod one-seeded, 
the length of the calyx, gihbous, cross-wrinkled, not furred. 



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U5 

CHRYSANTHEMUM iiidicum; J. saperbum. 
Superb fVhite Indian Chrysanthemum. 



SYNGENESIA POLYGAMIA SVPERFLUA. 

Nat. ord. Composite. Adanson fam. 2. 103. 

CoRYMBiFERm. Jussieu geti. 177. Div. III. Receptaculura 
nudum. Semen nudum seu noii papposum. Flores radiati. 

CHR YSANTHEMUM, Supr^ vol 1. foL 4. 



Chiyganthemum indicum. Character ^eciei cum Mynonymit tvprd vol. %fol. 
4. videadus. 



We have been favoured with the following very useful 
communication from Mi'. Sabine, the Secretary to the Hor- 
ticultural Society. The description of the species and the 
synonymy have already been given in the fourth article of the 
first volume of the present publication. 

" Since the two varieties were figured in the fourth plate 
of the first volume of the Botanical Register, some fresh im- 
portations have added others to the number already known 
of this ornamental species, amongst which is the one now 
represented, which came from China in 1817. The drawing 
was made from a plant that flowered in the autunm of 1818 
in the nursery of Messrs. Colville, in the King's Road, 
Chelsea. 

" Although the colours into which the flowers of this 
species sport in China are many, yet it has so happened, that 
of the twelve varieties which are now established in this 
country, four are white : of these the plant represented in 
the annexed plate is by far the finest, the terminating flower 
of the corymb being frequently near four inches in diame- 
ter. The inflected direction of the florets sufficiently dis- 
tinguishes this from the others. The tubular part of each 
floret enlarges towards the lip, which does not expand as in 
several others, but assumes a hollow shape in consequence of 
the contraction of its edges and apex. The following is a 
list of the varieties we have alluded to above : 

«. Purple. Bot. Mag. 327. 

/3. Changeable White. Bot. Mag. 2042. 

y. Quilled White. Bot Reg. 4. 

G 2 



J. Superb White. Bot, Reg. 455. 

s. Tasselled White. 

^. Quilled Yellow. 

J?. Sulphur Yellow. 

9. Golden Yellow. Bot. Reg. 4. 

I. Large Lilac. 

X. Rose or Pink. 

A. BufF or Orange. 

/x. Spanish Brown. 

" Many others are described in different accounts of 
Chinese plants, as well as represented in drawings of un- 
questionable authority, some of them much excelling in 
beauty and splendour any of those above enumerated. We 
understand that Messrs. Barr and Brookes have, amongst 
other valuable novelties, obtained three new kinds by their 
late spirited mission of a gardener to Canton; and the Hor- 
ticultural Society have also Impoi'ted several in the last 
season, which will still further increase the number of vari- 
eties." Sabine. 

The drawing was taken at the nursery of Messrs. Col- 
ville. King's Road, Chelsea. 




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456 



VIBURNUM odoratissimum. 

China Laurestine. 



PENTANDRIA TlilGYNIA. 



NaL ord. Capkifolia. Jmsieu gm, 210, Div. lit Calyx bractea- 
tus. Stylus nultiis : stigmata 3. Cor. monopetala. 
VIBURNUM. Suprd vol 6. fol 376. 



V. odoratissimum, sempervirens, glabnim; fdliis coriaceis efliptico-oblongis, 
distanter subdentatis mai^ine reflexo : thyrso omnin6 berma[dirodito bra-* 
chiato, ramulorum pedunculis trichotomo-pedicellatis. 
¥rutex sempervirenst erectnSf glaber, ramis teretibus robastu punctis €3^ 
tantibust verruculatis. Fol, opposila (modb vertictllato-trina), coriaceUy 
patentiay elliptico-oblonga, distanter nervosa, margine subtUi cartilagined 
refiexd obsolete distanterqne dentatd vel interdum subintegrS, petiolum vers^ 
attenuatat acumine brevi obtusulo apiculata^ subt^ pallentm, juniara btcidi 
l^tique virenlia, seniora opaciora, majara mine ^uncialia latitudine fermh 
^unciali: petiolus ad maximum \ uncitB longus. Thyrsi terminales brachiato^ 
decompositi, stricti^ laxi^ numerosiflori^ subtrtuncialeSy glabri, patentee 
bracteati, ramulis in pedunculos trickotomo-pedicetiatos terminanttbm : pe- 
dtcelli proprii brevissimi crassi basi cicatrice dilap$<e bracte<js profundi notati ; 
bractese spkacelatde, acuminatce, caducw ; pedicellorum minima. Cal. mi- 
nutust campanulatus, rotundati ^^tobnlatus, paUidns* Cor, camosuia^ tut- 
binato-rotata, alba, caduca, iutescenttr-emarcescens: tubus tripio hmgiar 
calyce vel magis fauce dilatatd; limbus subhmgi&r tvbo, revohittHreflectenr- 
dus, laciniis rotundatis convexis, Fil. tubo adnata, laciniis corolke aUema^ 
divaricata, <Bqualia limbo, suhulata, alba, stricta, persistentia: anth. in- 
cumbentes, oblonga:, bilobte, lobis linearibus bast mgittato-distinctis: pollen 
ockrokMcnm. Germ, disco giandulaso deprcsso viridi orbiculato /undo calgcis 
dclitcscente insidens, virens, conicum, a^juale calyci, rotundati trigonum, 
tubo corolla inclusum, stigmate obsolete tricolli continuo paUido pminoso 
apiculatum. 



A handsome evergeen shrub, with blossom scarcely in- 
ferior in fragrance to that of the well-known Sweet Olive of 
India {Ohv.xfragrans). The species is of recent introduc- 
tion, and said to be native of China. It does not appear 
to have been recorded. The plant from which the drawing 
has been taken was kindly sent to us by Sir Abraham Hume 
from the collection at Wormleybury, where it flowered last 
February for the first time in this country. It has been 
treated till now as a hothouse plant, but will probably be 
found to flower more freely when it shall have been treated 
less tenderly. We saw fine strong samples of it in the stove 



at Messrs. Colville's, of the Chelsea Nursery in the King's 
Road; but none of them have yet been brought to flower. 

A handsome upright smooth evergreen shrub; branches 
round, robust, beset with small warts. Leaves oppo- 
site (sometimes in whorls of three), coriaceous, spread- 
ing, elliptically oblong, widely nerved, with an extremely 
narrow cartilaginous i-efiexed edge obsoletely and widely 
toothed or sometimes nearly entire, tapered towards the 
petiole, shortly and bluntly pointed at the top, young ones 
of a bright lively green, old ones darker and duller, the 
larger ones about 5 inches long by 3 broad : petiole at most 
about I of an inch in length. Thyrse terminal, brachiately 
decompounded, stiff, loosishly and numerously flowered, 
about 3 inches long, smooth, spreading, bracteate, branch- 
lets terminating in trichotomously stalked peduncles: partial 
pedicles very short thick with a deep scar at the base from 
the fallingoff of the bracte: bractes sphacelatet taper-pointed, 
caducous, those of the pedicles minute. Calyx minute, 
campanulate, roundedly 5-Iobed, pale. Corolla rather 
fleshy, turbinately rotate, white, caducous, turning yellow 
or buff as it fades; tube 3 times the length of the calyx or 
more, with an open dilated orifice; limb rather longer than 
the tube, revolutely reflexed in the end, segments rounded 
convex. Filaments adnate to the tube, alternate with the 
segments of the corolla, divaricate, equal to the limb, subu- 
late, white, stiff, permanent: anthers incumbent (or lying 
across the point of the filament), oblong, two-lobed, lobes 
linear sagittately parted at the base: pollen cream-coloured. 
Germen placed upon a green orbicular glandular insunk 
disk at the bottom of the calyx, green, conical, equal 
to the calyx roundedly 3-cornered, inclosed in the tube of 
the corolla, surmounted by continuous pale frosted triple- 
knobbed stigma. 



NOTE. 

In the article Viburnum mgosum of the 376th article of the fifth Volume 
of this Register, we have omitted to insert the following synonym of that 
apccies. 

Viburnum rigidum. Vcnfenat mahn. 08. 



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457 

LUPINUS mexicanus 

Jlfewican Lupine. 



niADELPHIA nECANDRIA. 

Nat. ord. Legumtnosje. Jussieu gen. 345, Div. V. Corolla irregu- 
laris papilionacea. Stam. 10, diadelpha, Legum. uniloculare bivalve. Fru- 
iices ant herlxB; folia simpticia ant temata aut rariiis digitata ; stipukB sub- 
nuUee, nunc can&picu<B imo petiole adnai^e aut ab eodem distinctiE.=FA¥i- 
UONACE^. Brown in append, to Flind. voy, 2. 

LUPINUS. Calyx 2'lidus laciniis integris aut deiitatis. Carina basi 
bipartita. Stamina basi monadelpba; antheris 6 subrotundis, 5 oblongis. 
Legumen coriaceum oblonguin polyspermum, HerbiE; foHa digitatay stipuliB 
imo petiole adnatis; Jlores spicati temnnales, in npica altemi aut subverticil' 
latij nudi aut bracteati. An LuPlNUS integrifolius LinmH affini&r CviOT K- 
LARI^7 Juss, loc. cit. 354, 



L. m€xicanu$t calycibus altemis appeiidiculatts labio supenore semibtfido, 
jnfteriore obscure 3-dentato. Lagasea gen, et sp. pL 22. 
Planta prtEter corollam omninb molH-pilosa. Foliola 3?-5?-7-8, elangato- 
cuneata^ angusta acumine brevi, longc deorsitm attenvata, suprd nuda, in- 
frU puis sericeis albicantia, longiwa biuncialia, petiolis pilosis breviora: 
stipulse subulato- linear es erecf<e piloscB. Kacemi spicatim elongatit laxiux 
multijlori, tloribus sparsis purpureo-c^rulescentibus venis saturatioribus 
pictiSf ante anthesin bracteosi: pedunculus (ex LagascA) opposittfolius ; pedi- 
cetli kirsutif ascendentes subbremores catyce: bractese lineari-subulata, an- 
gusttssimcB, longiores calgce, caduccB. Oat hirsutus, viridis, labiis divari- 
catis, summo emarginato-^sso. Vex, conduplicato-rejlexum, ex imi disci 
plica margines svpremas alarum infemi eguitans; bItos dolabriformes, acuta, 
^ murginibus anticis coharentes; cariua pallens, ascendens, angusta^ subu- 
latO'falcata^ longitudine alarum^ acnmine longiuscuto saturate violaceo. 
Anmene fiava^ altemw tardiores linear es^ altem^F pr€ecociores subroiundoe. 
Germ, seioso-pilostan : stylus asmrgens penicitlo stigmatoso terminatvs. 



A handsome species, lately introduced into the Botanic 
Garden at Madrid from Mexico. Its seed was sent by 
M. Lagasea to Mr, Lambert; and from this the present 
plant was raised in the garden at Boyton House, where it 
flowered last February in the stove. Probably biennial? 
but its duration has not been yet ascertained amongst us. 
In Mr. Lagasca^s opinion it comes nearest to Lupinus Ther- 
miSy an egyptian species. 

The whole plant, except the corolla, is more or less beset 
with a long soft pile. Leaflets 3?-5?-7-8, cuneately elong- 
ated, narrow, shortly taper-pointed, tapered for a consider- 
able way downwards, naked, rendered white underneath by 



their silky fur, the longest about two inches in length, shorter 
than the long-piled petioles; stipules subulately linear, up- 
right, long-piled. Racemes spiked and long, widishly many- 
flowered ; j^oi/je/-* scattered, of a purplish blue colour with 
deeper streaks, bi*acteose (or intermixed with longish 
bractes) before they open: peduncle (according to M. La- 
gasca) opposite to its leaf; pedicles shaggy, inclining upwards, 
somewhat shorter than the calyx: bractes linearly subulate, 
extremely narrow, longer than the calyx, caducous. Cah/x 
shaggy, green, with divaricate lips, the upper one of which 
is split at the end into a notch. Fexillum foldingwise reflexed 
placed astride by the deep plait at the lower part upon the 
upper edges of the alee; alfn dolabriform (hatchet-shaped) 
pointed, cohering by their front edges; carina pale, inclining 
upwards, narrow, subulately falcate, the length of the alse, 
with a longish deep violet tapered point. Anthers deep 
yellow, alternate ones linear and shedding their pollen later, 
the other 5 round. Germen setaceously furred: «f«^/e ascend- 
ing, terminated by a pencilled stigma. 



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458 



ROSA fraxinifolia, 
Newfoundland Rose. 



ICOSANDRIA POLYGYX/A, 

Nat ord. Rosacea. Jussieu gen, 334. Div. IL Rosfe. 
ROSA* Calycis tubus urceolatus camosus ackenia plurin 
cludeos, Recepiaculum villosum. Lindley monogr. xxri. 



Div> IV* Cinnamomese. SettgenBt tj. inermeSf bracteattB- Foliola lanceo- 
lata eglandulosa* Discus tenuis (neguaquam incrassatus), lindley 
moiio^. 13. 

^.JrazinifoHa, elatior inermis, ramis strictis glaucescenttbus^ foHoIis opAcis 
undulatis impubibus, Lindley mmwgr, 26^ ». 17. 

Rosa fraxinifolia. Bork, kolz* 301. GmeL bad. 2. 413. 

Rosa alpina. 0. Hort. Kew. ed* % 3. 265. 

Rosa alpina laevis. Redoutes roses, 1. 57. t. 19. 

Red alpine rose- Miss Lawrance^s roses, t> 75. 

Rosa coiymbosa. Bosc diet. d^agrJ Desfcnt* cat. kort, parts* 272? 

Rosa blanda; a. Soiauder MS& Jacq.fragm. 70* t, 105. 

Rosa virgiDiaDa. Mill. diet. ed. 8* n. 10. 

Rami erectly inermes, fusco-purpuret, rare cmno ceriTto obducti ; surnili 
radicales aculeis paucis setiformibus debilibus ad basin muniti* Folia opaca, 
onminb impubia; stipulas lat<E, extrema versus plurimUm dilatatte, planm^ 
serrulatm; petioli inerme^ ; foliola 5-7 tanceolata, simpliciier ^erraia^ suprd 
incanescenti-virentiaf infrd giauca. Cyms paucifiortSp Qonhm partis ru- 
bris; bracteae ellipttc^t nudm, Jtmhriatm atque denticulate; pedunculi bre- 
viores foliis^ nudi ; tuhn^ it^Xycmus depresso-globQsus, ineanuspnudus; sepala 
(foliola calycina) ovata, Integra acumine longo, dorso hispidata : petala ofr- 
cordata, subconnioentia ; discus nan distinctus; styli vilto&i, Fructus par- 
vus^ globosus vel ovatns, opaci et pallid^ rubenSt nudus* laodley monogr. 
loc, cit. (ex anglico versum). 



" In appearance and size resembling Rosa cinnamomea. 
Branches erect, unarmed, dark purple, covered with a pale 
blue, waxen bloom; rootshoots with a few weak setiforra 
prickles at their base. Leaves opaque, entirely free from 
pubescence; stipulce broad, much dilated towards the ex- 
tremities, flat, serrulate; petioles unarmed; leaflets 5-7, 
lanceolate, simply serrate, greyish green above, glaucous 
beneath. Flowers small, red, in few-flowered cymes; 
hractece elliptical, naked, fringed and toothletted; peduncles 
shorter than the leaves; tube of the calyx depressedly glo- 
bose, grey — these last quite naked; sepals ovate, entire, 
with a long point, hispid at the back; petals obcordatc, 

VOL. VI. H 



somewhat converging; disk not distinct; sti/les vJUouB. 
Fruit small, round or ovate, dull pale red, naked." 

" I have already (under Rosa hlanda) attempted to 
explain why this, the original Rosa hlanda^ should not now 
be distinguished by that appellation. In determining on 
another for it, I have thought it right to take the oldest, 
excepting Miller's, for which probably no one will con- 
tend. The description of Bosc's Rosa corymhosa answers so 
closely to this species that I have few doubts of the propriety 
of citing it here. So little reason was there to suppose this 
to be a variety of Rosa hlanda, that, in the last edition of 
the Hortus Kewensis, it has actually been considered as not 
distinct from Rosa alpina.'* 



(t 



t( 



Gathered in Newfoundland by Sir Joseph Banks.** 



The want of prickles distinguishes this from most of 
the section. Rosa blanda when unarmed, as it often is, is 
readily known by the downy stalks of its leaves. Cinnamo~ 
mea in a similar state may be recognized by the same cha- 
racter, with the addition of the majority of its leaves on its 
stipules being inflexed at the edge, not reflexed.*' Lindley 
monogr. 26, 27. 

The drawing for this article was kindly contributed by 
Mr. Lindley ; from whose able Monograph of the genus 
the above synonymy and account of the species have been 
borrowed . 




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459 

CARICA Papaya; faemina. 
Papaw Tree; fertile flowered plant, 

DKECIA I>EC^NDRIA, 

Nat 0rd. CucuRBiTACEiE. Jussieu gen, 399. Div. V, Genera Cu- 
curbitaceis affinia, germine supero praecipu^ distincta. 

CARICA. Cat minimus 5-dentatus, Masc. C&r. monopetala tubulosa 

infundibulifonnis, limbo 5-lobo- Stam. fauci cotoIIbb inserta; aJterna^/a- 

menfwduplo brevioribus, calycinis laciniis opposita ; anth. erecto oblong^e. 

jFffiM, Cor. 5-partita. G^er^i^ supenim oblongum ; styli 5 breves; stigmata 

ditatata compressa, cristata, Bacca maxima cucumerina aut orata^ &-sul- 

cata, oblonga, intiis pulposa 1-loc. ad parietes 5-pIacentaris polysperma; 

Mem, numerosa^ arillata, arillo testam fragiiem rugosam 1-spennam obvolvente. 

Embryo planus in albumine compresso camoso oleoso. Arbores imcco lac- 

tescente glutiiioso^ ligno fungoso la^viy trunco indiviso aut rari^ ramoso^ 

Muhspinoso aut stspi^ inermi et p^istinorum foliorum vestigiis tant&m Mcabro; 

fol. terminaHa conferta altema longe petiolata^ digitata aut soepiits palmata 

et tubtm in nervorum concursu subsquamuhsa ; flores axiltares, MASCULI 

in longis pedunculig racemosi penduli aut erectly FfEMINEIpedunculo eras- 

siari breviori et paucifloro imidentes; guidam interdum HmRMAPHRO- 

DITIinfcemineis arboribus observante Trewio^ in masculis memarante Com- 

mersonio; fructus esculentus peponiformis. Juss- L c. (aubPAPAYA). 



C. Papaya^ foiiis palmatis septemlobis, lobo intermedio Binuato, laciniis 

obloagis acutis> f)oribu3 masculis corymbosis, WUld. sp, pL 4, 814. 
Carica Papaya. Linn. sp. pL % 2. 1466. MilL diet. ed. 8. n. 1. Hughes 

barbad. 181, 14, 15. Bort. Kew. erf. 2. S. 399. Smith in Ree$*$ cyclop. 

in loco. Kunth nov. gen. et spec. 2. 99. 
Papaya vulgaris. Lamarck illnstr. tab, 821. 
Papaya Carica. Gtertn, sem, 2. 191. (. 122.^^. 2. 

Carica fronde comosa^ foiiis pettatis: lobis vari^ sinuatis. Browne jam, 9G0. 
Arbor Platani folio, fructu Pepouis magnitudine eduli. Merian Surinam, 40. 

^ 40. et tabb. 62, 64. 
Papaya-maram. Rheede maU 1. 23. t, 13. ^g, 1. ? • 
("Mas.) Ambapaya, Rheede maL 1. 21. t. IS.yftjr. 2. 
Papaya mas. Ehret pict. t. ^.Jig* 1. Rumpk* amb. 1. 145. tt, 50. 51. 
(F£M.) Papaya fructu oblongo melonis efBgie. Trew ehret. f. 7. 



The separate flower and pistil at the bottom of the na- 
nexed Plate are represented of the natural dimensions, but 
the principal figure is diminished in the proportion which 
these flowers bear to those in their places on the plate, 
that the general appearance of the tree might be shown 
in our page- 

The drawing was taken from a. sample produced in the 
Duke of Northumberland^ garden near Brentford, wh«re 

H ^ 



the plant was cultivated in the hothouse. The present indi- 
vidual belonged to the fertile-flowered side of the species, 
which is dioicous. The flowers of the barren side of the 
species are very different, but these we have not yet met 
with. The genus is placed, by Jussieu, as an anomalous 
associate among the Cucurbitacece. It has a superior ger- 
inen, instead of the infei-ior one of the genuine members of 
the order. 

The following account of the species is borrowed from 
that by Sir J. Smith in Rees's Cyclopedia, 

" Somewhat the habit of a Palm. Root perpendi- 
cular, whitish, spongy, of a disagreeable taste and smell. 
Stem twenty feet high, a foot thick, naked almost to 
the top, marked almost its whole length with the scars 
of fallen leaves, of a tender substance like that of the 
Itanana, solid towards the base, hollow in its upper part. 
Leaves on petioles near two feet long, the lower ones 
almost horizontal, upper ones erect, deeply divided into 
7, 9, or 11 sinuated gashed lobes, alternate, near to- 
gether. Flowers axillary, white, sweet-scented; barren 
ones in slender, pendulous racemes, 2 or 3 feet long; 
pedicles short; J'ertile-Jlowered ones numerous on short 
simple peduncles. Fruit about the size of a small Melon; 
various in its form, sometimes angular and flattened 
at both ends, sometimes oval or round, and sometimes 
pyramidal, yellow when ripe, containing a yellow suc- 
culent pulp of a sweetish taste and aromatic smell. It is 
seldom eaten raw, but, when boiled, is esteemed a whole- 
some sauce to any kind of fresh meat. It is also sometimes 
pickled in vinegar, and is frequently preserved in sugar, and 
sent to Europe with other tropical sweetmeats. When 
ripened in our stoves, it does not acquire its proper flavour, 
and is even said by Miller to be detestable. The whole 
plant abounds with a milky acrid juice. Barren flowers are 
occasionally found on the fertile-flowered plants, and vice 
versd. A native of both the East and West Indies. The 
Annona triloba, trifid Custard-Apple, is also called the 
Papaw-Tree in the southern states of North America.'* 

Grown in 1690, at the Royal Garden at Hampton 
Court. 

Said by Messrs. Humboldt and Bonpland to be culti- 
vated over the whole of South America. 



We shall insert in this place some instructive observa- 
tions, relating in part to the subject of the present ai-ticle, 
from Mr. Brown's View of the Botany of Congo. 

" It is particularly deserving of attention, that the 
greater portion of the plants now enumerated, as cultivated 
on the banks of the Congo, and among them nearly the 
whole of the most important species, have probably been 
introduced from other parts of the world, and do not 
originally belong even to the continent of Africa. Thus it 
may be stated with confidence that the Maize, the Ma- 
nioc or Cassava, and the Pine Apple, have been brought 
from America, and probably the Papaw, the Capsicum, 
and Tobacco; while the Banana or Plantain, the Lime, 
the Orange, the Tamarind, and the Sugar-Cane, may be 
considered as of Asiatic origin." 

" In a former part of this essay, I have suggested that a 
careful investigation of the geographical distribution of ge- 
nera might in some cases lead to the determination of the 
native country of plants at present generally dispersed. The 
value of the assistance to be derived from the source referred 
to, would amount to this; that in doubtful cases, where 
other arguments were equal, it would appear more pro- 
bable that the plant in question should belong to that country 
in which all the other species of the same genus were found 
decidedly indigenous, than to that where it was the only 
species known to exist. It seems to me that this reasoning 
may be applied with advantage towards determining the 
original country of several of the plants here enumerated, 
especially of the Banana, the Papaw, the Capsicum, and 
Tobacco." 

" Thus, the Papaw (Carica Papaya) may be regarded 
as of American origin; there being several other decidedly 
distinct species natives of that continent, while no species 
except the cultivated Papaw, nor any plant nearly related 
to this singular genus, is known to exist either in Asia or 
Africa. But in the present case, the assistance derived 
from the argument adduced may be considered as unneces- 
sary; for the circumstance of there being no Sanscrit 
name for so remarkable a plant as the Papaw, is nearly de- 
cisive of its not being indigenous to India. And in the 
Malay Islands, the opinion of the inhabitants, according to 
Rumphius, is that it was there introduced by the Portu- 
guese." 



" It is certainly not meant, however, to employ this 
reasoning in every case, and in opposition to all other evi-. 
dence; and instances may be found, even among the ali-. 
mentary plants, where it is very far from satisfactory. Thus 
the Cocoa Nut, though it Mall probably be considered as 
indigenous to the shores and islands of equinoctial Asia, is 
yet the only species of its genus that does not belong ex- 
clusively to America." Brown obs, on Herb, of the Congo, 



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460 



POLEMONIUM mexicanura, 

Greek'Valerian of Mexico. 



PENTANDRIA MONOOYNI^. 

Nat. ord, PoLEMONiA frccenfms PoLEMONiDE^)- Jussi^gen, 136. 

POLEMONIUM, CaL urceolatus, 5-fidus. Car. rotata, tubo brevi, 
limbo 5-lido (regulari), Staminum Jihimenta (medio corollse tubo inserta) 
basilatiora: anMer^e incumbentes. ('Cajss. calyce persistente cincta^ ^locu- 
laris, 3-valvis, polysperma, valvis medio septiferis seu costa prominente in- 
structis^ receptocu^ s. dissepimento. centrali trigono ralvulantm septis angu-* 
latlm applicito)* HerbcB erectm; folia altertta pinnata; ^orei c&rymboai ter^ 
minutes, Juss. 1. c* 



F.mexicanum, folHs ninnatis polyphyllis, terminali trilobo : floribus cerauis : 

calycibus viUoso-viscidis. Lagasca elenck. append, 10. 

Herbacea, biennis, erecfa, viscoso-villosa, sesguipedalis v. -ultri, caule 
ttriato-tereti, alterne remotique folioso, supemh paniculato ramulis axil' 
laribus apiee aggregatim pauH-i^-Ar^Jloris summis in pedunculos unifioroM 
abeuntibus, injemc ad articutos vagind bred membranaced cincto. Fol. 
erecliuscuUi, multi-(12-'l^)pinnata foliolis anguste decurrentibus ovato- 
obhngis acutis. CaJ. villis viscosis subkirsuHus pubescent, cylindrico'cam- 
panuhtus, persistens, segmentis brevibus angulato-ovatis, ad imum divi- 
$uramm angutum glanduloso-lutescentibus. Pollen vitellino-Jiavescens. 
Gena.. conicum, torulosam, glabrum, obtiuum: stylus ^Hformi-clavatus: stig- 
mata 3 ligulato-lobata, obtusula, replicato-patentia. Caps, calgce inclusa. 



In the capsule of the Polemonidece the angles of the re- 
ceptacle of the seed (which is central) come in contact with 
the valves at the partition borne along the middle; and by 
this circumstance the order has been technically dis- 
tinguished from the Convolvulacere, where the angles of 
the receptacle corne in contact with the outermost edges of 
the valves; characters mutually influencing thg general 
habits of the two orders they distinguish. 

The present species was sent by Professor Cervantes 
from the Botanic Garden at Mexico to Madrid, where it 
flowered, according to M. Lagasca, in 1815. The plant 
that aflbrded the drawing was raised in the hothouse at 
Boyton from seed received from Madrid by Mr. Lambert, 
and flowered last autumn for the first time in this country, 
when it was kindly transmitted to our draughtsman. 

A herbaceous upright clammy biennial plant, about a 
foot and a half high; gfem i-ound, fluted, alternately and 



widely leaved, encircled at tlie lower joints by a short 
membranous sheath; paniculately divided at the upper part; 
branchlets axillary fasciculateiy few (2-4)-flowered at the 
end, uppermost ones passing gradually into one-flowered 
peduncles. Leaves pointing upwards, muUi-(12-13)-pin- 
nate, leaflets ovately oblong, pointed, narrowly decurrent 
along the sides of the common petiole. Calyx hirsutely 
furred, pile clammy, cylindrically campanulate, perma- 
nent; segments short angularly ovate, with a glandu- 
lar yellow spot at the bottom of the fork that separates 
them. Pollen reddish yellow. Germen conical, full of 
knobs, smooth, obtuse: style clavately filiform: stigmas 3, 
ligulately lobe-shaped, bluntish, reflgxed and spreading. 
Capsule enclosed within the calyx. 




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461 

RUBUS reflexus 

Canton Bramble. 



ICOSANDRIA POLYGYNIji. 

Nat. ord. Rosacea. Juuieu gen. Z^\. Div. IV. Germina plura inde- 
finite, ver^ 8upera, rcceptaculo cummuni imposita, singula monostyla. 
Semina totidem nuda aut rariils baccata. Herbse aut rariiks frutices, Po- 

TENTILLffi. 

RUBUS. Cat patens, 5-fidus. Pet, 6, Stam. numerosa brevia. 
Sem. numerosa baccata, supra receptaculum commune dens^ collecta in 
baccam compositam. Frutices acnleati vel quattdoque inermes, rarius herboi 
iemper iiiermes, fol, simplicia aut temata aut digitata, aut pinnata in RuBis 
guibwidam Commersoniauu habitu similibus Hosm; Jlares terminales aut et 
rarius axillares, racemoso-paniculati aut rarius solitarii^ in R. odorato 
car^mbon et abortu dioici. R. Chamaemorus sub terrd monoicus et extHs 
dioicus, radicibui maris et femirue junctis^ caulibus distinctUt observante 
post Solandrum LinruBo. Juss. L c. 338. 



Div. Frutescentes. 
R. reJlexuSy ramis teretibus, foliis oblongis cordads lobatis lobo antico maiimo 
ovato-elongato acuminatOt iofem^ subcnjciato-repandi5» stipulis bracteU- 
que pectinatis, paniculia solitariis axillaribus paucifloris brevioribus petiolo, 
retlexis. 

Rubus moluccanus, AitoiCs Epitome 373? Sweet hort. sub. (ntm alio- 
rum), 

Frutex sarmentosuSy exceptis corolla faeieque supind foliomm, undigue 
tomentosus; ramis Imigissimis petiolis pedunculisque lanato-tomentosis, aculeit 
reversis fulvis armatis. FoL palmaria ad dodrantalia, tramversh \ angustiora 
vet circitvry serrata, a supino virentia tessellato-rugosa nndiuscula ad nervos 
pilosiusculay d prono tovientoso-albicantia reticulato-venosaf vetusiiora ad 
nervos venasquejerrugineo-fulvescentia^ infemi subcruciato-guadriloba lobis 
2 inferioribus obtusissimts inferius ad tatus sinu brevi excisis: petiolus triplo 
bretriar lamina: stiputae oblongw breviores peiiolo, bracteis membranaceis ro- 
tundo-ovatis longiores atque projundiits inciste. Paniculve lanat<B refi^xm. 
Cor, alba^ catyce su^quilongaf petalii obavatis. Anthers iateritio-rubentes, 
Styli longiores staminibus. 



Samples of this species were gathered by Sir George 
Staunton in the province of Canton, China, and deposited 
in the herbariums of Sir Joseph Banks and Mn Lambert. 
When the plant was introduced we have not learned. It is 
not recorded in the last edition of the Hortus Kewensis. 
The species borders upon alcecefoUus of Lamarck as well 
as upon rugosus of Sir James Smith in Rees*s Cyclopedia, 
but differs from both by leaves with an elongated middle 
lobe and by reflected panicles; specially from the first in 
not having apgular branches, from the second by its 

VOL. VI- I 



pectinated stipules ami bractes. The plant seems to liave 
been very generally mistaken in our gardens for moluc- 
caimsy a very distinct species with aggi'cgated panicles; 
iior is it even the moluccanus of Tliiinbergs Flora Japoniea, 
as is proved by the prototype sample in the lianksian Ilerba- 
rinm, although that is difFexent from the true moluccanus. 

The drawing was taken at Mr. Kent*s at Clapton, where 
it flowered in the hothouse during last autumn, we believe 
for the first time in this country. Thei'e are very large 
plants of it in Mr. Lee's nursery at Hammersmith, but none 
of them have been yet brought to flower, 

A sarmentose shrub growing much in the way of the 
Common Bramble or Blackberry of our liedges, and ex- 
tending its long woolly branches to a great distance. The 
flowers are white and about the size of a sixpence. The 
anthers tile-red. The styles are longer than the sta- 
mens. The leaves in some of tlie samples were little less 
than nine inches in length ; and covered underneath with a 
thick white cottony fur, which in time becomes rusty or 
reddish. 

The genus belongs to the Cinquefoil section of the 
Rosacew, and is distinguislied by the numerous fieshily 
berried seed of the fruit being collected together on the 
outside of a common receptacle into a compound berry, and 
forming the esculent portion, as in the Raspberry and some 
other species. The Strawberry is another genus of tlie 
same section of the same order; but tttere the fruit may 
in some sort be called the converse of the Raspberry kind, 
the seeds being dry and fleshless, but the receptacle on 
which they are collected fleshy and succulent, and forming 
the whole of the esculent part of the fruit, as the seeds on 
the contrary do in the Raspberry, where the receptacle is 
dry, 

Huhus is of those genera whose type is pretty nume- 
rously represented in all quarters of the globe. 



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462 

SELLOA glutinosa, 

Clammy Selloa. 



M'NGENESIA POLYGAMfA SUPERFLUA. 

Nat ord. Composite, Adansonfam, 2. 103, 

CoRVMBiFER^. Jussieu gen. tlx Div. /. Kccept&culum 
nudum. Semen papposum. Flores tiosculosL 

SELLOA, Calyx (anfkodium) imbricatus ovatus* Rcceptaculnm nu^ 
tliim. Pappus nullus. Flosculi fceminei inconspictii* Genus Bacchari^ 
CoNYZJE, Gnaphauo et Artemisia affinU. Planta mffmticma iota 
glutinosa. Folia cmife^^a, fascicutata^ Hneari-ianceofata, trinervia, inte- 
gerrinia. Panicula conptibosa, terminalis^ erecta^ ramis angulatu. Calyx 
(antliodium) glaher^ ovatiis, imbricatus. Corollae Jlavi£* Nullum PUppi 
vestigium^ Sprengell cent- spec, minfts cogn, 36. n, UA. 



Selloa glutinosa. Spretigelt loc. cit 

Cautes terctes, Jleniosi, stnati, prolifero-foUosi, Fol, viscosa, allema^ 
numerosa, sessiUa, decu7'renfia, ehmgate hnceolata, angusta, Z-nncialia 
iatiludine vix ^ nnda;, trineivia immerse puncHculata et pruind albidd ad 
ientem viubili deiisissim^ adspersa, tenuia, lenta, acuminata apice recm^vo, 
glandulis vnmit'is subciliolata, Panicula decomposito-dichotoma, cgmoso-' 
jaatigiatay foliosa^ ramulis axillaribus gracilibus strictis elasttcis anguloso- 
stn'atis, peduncuiis ter^minalibns subsessili-t^^ifioris, Flores aiirH, purvuH, 
odoreni spirautes nostrd mente A Igce cujusdam marinmquodammodb reftrentemi 
sitiguli bractei lineari-oblonga appressi subtensi* Cal. viscosuSf ovah-oblangus, 
albo et viridi varins^ ore constrictior ; foliola ardissime imbricataf phira, 
lanceolatUf dorso cannaia, apice virentibug, interiora latiora obtusa. Dis- 
cus herraaph. flosculis 4-6? cahfcem exsuperantibus limbo revoluto; anth, 
vitellino-Jlavicajites ; stiginate bUobo-clavato exserto: radius femin. incrmspi- 
cuus^ floscuiis tubo pallida &ccto capillari gei'mine bis^ limbo multoties 
longiore^ itmbo minuto/tavo r^curvo lineari-obltntgo stigmate vix grandiore. 
Oennina amho similla, alba, iurbtnato-linearia, pruinosa^ pappo nnllo, 
stigma injlosc. fern, aureum Infurcum^ lobulis lincaribus. Recept, pimctum 
nudum infnndo calycis. v 



The Species lias beer lately introduced from the Brazils 
by Mr- Sello, a gennan botanist, who has been employed 
some years in that country in the investigation of the ob- 
jects of this department of Natural Hi&tory. The genua, 
at present consisting of an only species, has been cha- 
racterized by Professor Sprengell from the absence of all 
pappus or seed-crown and the peculiarly diminutive limb of 
the pistilliferous florets of the ray. 

The drawing was taken from a plant that flowered in 

I 2 



the hothouse at the botanic establishment of Comtesse de 
Vandes at Bayswater, in February last. 

Stems round, flexuose, fluted, proliferously leafy. Leaves 
clammy, alternate, numerous, sessile, decurrent, long-lan- 
ceolate, narrow, of the length of 3 inches with the breadth 
of scarcely -f of an inch, 3-nei-ved, covered with small 
glandular pits and white particles perceptible only by the 
help of a magnifier, thin, pliant, taper-pointed and recurved 
at the top, with a slight minute glandular edging, Panicle 
repeatedly dichotomous, cymously level, leafy; branchlefs 
slender, stiif and straight, elastic, angularly fluted; pe- 
duncles terminal subsessilely 3-flowered. Flowers golden- 
yellow, small, and as it appeared to us with a scent some- 
thing like that of Seaweed; each subtended by a linearly 
oblong close-pressed hracte. Calyx clammy, ovally oblong, 
white and partly green, constricted at the orifice; lerf-^ 
lets several, closely imbricate, lanceolate, keeled at the 
back, green at the top, inner ones broader, obtuse. Dislc of 
the flower of about A S^ florets with stamens and pistil, 
higher than the calyx, with a revolute limb; anthers of a 
deep reddish yellow, stigma two-lobed clavately connivent 
protruded: ray of inconspicuous pistilliferous florets, tube 
slender capillary straight pale twice the length of the ger- 
men and many times that of the limb; limb minute, yellow, 
linearly oblong, hardly larger than the stigma. Germens of 
both disk and ray the same, white, turbinately linear, 
frosted; pappus (seed-crown) none; stigma of the ray deep 
yellow, forked, with two fine linear lobes. Receptacle a 
naked point at the bottom of the calyx. 



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463 

HOVEA linearis. 

JJnear- leaved Hovea. 



DIADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 



Nat ord. LEGCMfNos^. Jnssieu gen. 345, Div. V. Corolla irre- 
gularis, papUionacea- Legmen uniloculare bivalve,=PAPiLiONACEJE. 
JBrown in append, to Flind. voy. 2* 

BOVEA. Suprd voL 4.foL 280, 



H. linearis, foliis linearibus subtds pilosiuscuHst legumimbus glabris, Brcum 

in Hart. Kew. ed> 2. 4. 275. 
Poiretia linearis. Smith in trans, linn, soc, 9. 304- 

Trutex pubejvlvo-juscd villous: rami tereles graciles stricti elastict snb- 
fiexnosi laxiiis Joliosi, Fol. S-plo intervaUis iongiora, spar$a, patentimmot 
tanceolato-linearia^ rugulis suhtUibus utrinque immerse reticulata^ subttts 
appressi pilosiuscula, margine depressa^ recurvo-apiculata, nervo medio 
simplici subtHs pube brevi ferrugined densd appresta vestito: p^tiolus Juscus 
teres brevissifmis, stipule parvuld subulatA vMnqw stipatvs. Flores iwtcUE 
tubadcBquantes, liladno-pallentes, inodori; pedunculi ( an verius pB&ce\X\ in 
pedunculo obsoleto? basi enim cohcsrent) per ratnos ramulosque racemagi di§^ 
positit axillareSf parUm longiores petiolis, stepiUs aggregate bini? — gnatemi? 
rariiis solitarii, 1-^ori, fusco-hirsuti, bracte^ minuiS singulorum bast ap- 
pressa, Cal. more peduncnlarum pubesceTis, bracteolis 2 oppasitis calgculatim 
subtensnSt nutans^ Us ferm^ brevior vexiUo, bilabiatus, labiis ^equilongiM, 
aummo latissimc cuneato truncato-retuso, lateribas defiexu, d&rso carinato, 
comubus extrentis acutis, imo ad \nsque 4rJido segmentis <egval^us erectis 
acuminatis. Vex. arrectum, obhito-v. subrenifarmi-ovatum, retnsum, ban 
lamincB areoU luted margine radiatd eztus halane pnrpureo circumdatd, 
ungue triplo breviore lineari-obhrngo : alae pojTcctw vexitlo d margine interiore 
transverse oppasitis oblongs apice rotundatiE, ungue brevi simplici: carina 
inclusapaulb exsuperans calcem, obtusa, compresso-ventricosa, apice saturate 
violacea, petalis & margine inferiore conttiventibus, unguibus obsoleti bicruri* 
bus crure altera brevissimo rotundato, altera angusto duple breviore laminS. 
Fil. monadelphum breviter mqualiterqne ^Q-Jidum^ Jissurd dorsali omniub 
divisum: anth, paUide Intern, lineaH-oblongcE^ erecia-incambentes. Germ. 
oblongum, viride, glabrum; stylus pluries longior, albus, glaber, Jiliformii, 
adicendens capitello $tigmateso minnto concalari pruinoso terminatu*. 



Still an extremely rare greenhouse shrub, although in- 
troduced from New South Wales by Mr. George Hibbert, 
as far back as the year 179fi- It is one of the two species 
enumerated in the Hortus Kewensis; but has never been re- 
presented by any published figure. Four species of this genua 
are now cultivate in our gardens. 

The drawing was taken at the nursery of Messrs. Col- 
ville in the King's Road, Chelsea, where the plant is in 



blossom about February and March. We have never seen 
any other than young small samples. They are always 
much fuller of flowers than any we have seen of Hovea 
Celsi treated of in a preceding article of the present publi- 
cation. 

A shrub, furred M^ith a brownish tawny pile: branches 
round slender straight stiffish elastic slightly tlexuose, wid- 
ishly leaved. Leaves three times the length of the intervals, 
scattered, wide-spread, lanceolately linear,minutely wrinkled 
or netwisely marked with fine insunk lines, underneath 
slightly and close-pressedly hairy, depressed at the edge, 
pointed and recurved at the top, midrib simple covered un- 
derneath by a short rust-coloured dense flat-pressed pile: 
petiole brown, round, very short, fiirnished on each side 
with a small subulate stipule. Flowers about a quarter of 
an inch long, pale blueish lilac, without scent; peduncles 
(or rather perhaps pedicles upon an obsoletely shortened 
peduncle ? for they cohere at the bottom) racemosely dis- 
posed upon the main and partial branches, axillaiy, but 
little longer than the petioles, generally aggregated by 
pairs? or fours?, not often solitary, oneflowered, furred, 
a minute close-pressed bracte at the foot of each. Cal^x 
furred in the same way as the peduncles, calyculately sub- 
tended by two opposite bracteoles, nodding, almost twice 
shorter than the vexillum ; lips of one length ; uppermost very 
broadly cuneate, truncately retuse, bent down at the sides, 
keeled at the back, with two pointed corners at the extre- 
mities; lowermost 4-cleft to about one third of its depth with 
upright equal taper-pointed segments, f^exillum oblately 
or subreniformly ovate, retuse, at the base of the blade or 
hroad part marked with a yellow radiately edged spot sur- 
rounded with a purple halo; unguis three times shorter 
linearly oblong: alee pointing straight forwards with their 
upper edges opposite to the vexillum, round-pointed; 
unguis short, simple; carina enclosed, exceeding the calyx 
but little, obtuse, compressedly ventricose, of a deep violet 
colour at the end, petals meeting at the lower edge; un- 
gues obsoletely 2-pronged, one prong extremely short and 
i*ounded, the other narrow and twice shorter than the 
blade. Filament raonadelphous, shallowly and equally 
10-cleft, divided all the way down at the back: anthers 
pale yellow, linearly oblong, from upright lying across the 
points of the filament. Germen oblong, green, smooth; 
.vf^/e several times longer, white, smooth, filiformj ascend- 
ing, terminated by a minute frosted stiginatose head. 



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464 



rOURNEFORTIA fruticosa. 
Stveet-sceiited Tour7tefor(ia, 



pentAndika monogynia, 

Nat. ord, Boragine^- Jussieu gm. 128, Broicn prod. 1, 492. 

TOUIiNEFORTIA. CaL S^partilus^ Cor. hypocraterifonois (v. sub^ 

rotata), fauce nuda. Stam, inclysa. Siig. peltatum, subconicuHK Bacca 

dijiyreua, ossiculis dispennis, Fruticcs votubiles v. erccti. Foh scahra v, 

tomentosat Integra. Spicw necund(Bt ebracteatiBf sotpiiis cymoscE. Brown 
prod. 1- 496. 



T- fruticosa^ caule fniticoso, foliis petiolatis, corollia hypocrateriformibus. 

Lin. suppL 132; (sub Messerscumidia). 
Touriiefortia Messerschmidia. Sweet hort. sub. loud. 31. 
Messerschmidia fruticosa. Linn, suppl. 132. Willd* sp^ pi. 1. 789. Ejusd, 

enunu 1. 188, Hort. Kew. ed. 2. 1. 303. 

Kami axillares, Jlexuoaii virides, tereteSj hispidi, Fol, divaricata, 
elongato-lanceolatUy saturate viridia, kispida, nitida^ H-unnalia v. ultrh 
latitudineuncialiv.infrdj infeiiii subovata supeiiti tangiits attenvata: pet"* 
pluriis breviar lamina^ & supino canaliculatus. Panicuiie ebracteat<e, ramu- 
lomm summorum terminaleSf dickofomo-cyittos^Bt divaricattB, JlexnosoE^ Jiore 
soiitario in singulis furcis sessile: i^picu]?ii dickotomie, pedummlatmt recurva^, 
floribus parvuli$ bifari&m v. disticho-secundis, approximatist raohide ap- 
pressi viUosd. Gb\. parmts^ herbaceuSf pubescens, campanulatus, aliguoties 
brevior tubo toroU^, perststens, segmentis acuminatis. Cor, hgpocraterifm'" 
miSj luteo-virens, extus pubescens; tubus rectuSf tereti-anguloms ; faux in- 
Jlatior, satnratr vtretis, intus ad orijicmm pHcis 5 cu7n laciniis altetTiantibuft 
notata : linibus pallida et squalidt lutescens, stellato-patens testivatiojie 
valvari injracto-connivettte, taciniis actiniinatis undulatis iutus glabris, 
Anth. sutisessiieSf Juscm, sagittafo-oblongcE^ faace inclnsce. Stylus colum- 
naris, teres, gtaber, crassiusculus: stig. pcttato-captt at urn, virens^ conicum, 
villosum^ obtiisiUHr bast plaunm: germ, calgce inchsitm, viride, TugosuiUf 
umbilicatumj siibrotiindum^ basi disco glanduloso luteo cinctnm„ 



Tlie genns Messerschmidia, where our plant formerly 
ranked, has been incorporated by Mr. Brown wit!i Tour- 
NEFORTJAj technically distingnished in the Prodromns of the 
Flora of New Holland among its co-ordinate Boraginece 
by a definition of which the following is a version: 

Calyx 5-parted: corolla hypocrateriform or nearly rotate 
smooth (naked) in the fatix: stamens enclosed: stigma 
peltate, subconical: berry dipyrenous (twin-stoned), each 
stone (ossicle) containing two seeds (hernels) : embryo in- 
verted. The species are shrubby and consist of both 
twining and standai'd plants, with entire and either rongh or 



^se downy leaves, onesided bracteless spikes usually di- 
vided in the manner of a cyme. 

The present species was introduced by Mr. Masson in 
1779 from the Canary Islands; but has never been repre- 
sented by any published figure. It is a greenhouse shrub of 
easy culture, ratlier straggling in its growth, but desirable 
on account of the exquisite scent of the blossom, the fra- 
grance of which seems to us to partake of the flavour of the 
Violet and the Mignionette. 

Branches axillary, flexuose, green, round, rough-piled. 
Leaves widespread, long-lanceolate, deep green, rough- 
piled, shining, 3 inches long or more, an inch broad or less, 
subovate at the lower part, far-tapered at the upper: petiole 
several times shorter than the blade, cJiannelled at the 
upper side. Panicles bracteless, terminating the upper 
branches, dichotomously cyniose, widespi'ead, flexuose, 
with a single sessile flower at the bottom of each fork; 
spihelets dichotomous, peduncled, recurved, with small 
nearset^owjerj facing one way in two rows, racJiis (general 
stalk) close-pressedly villous. Calyx small, herbaceous, 
furred, campanulate, more than twice as short as the tube 
of the corolla, permanent, with taper-pointed segments. 
Corolla hypocrateriform, yellowish green, furred on the 
outside: tube straight, angularly cylindrical; faux wider, 
of a deep green, marked at the inside of the orifice with 5 
plaits that alternate with the segments: limb of a pale 
squalid yellow, stellately spread; in the bud state with 
the valvular ends of the segments bent as if broken inwards, 
in the expanded state taper- pointed, undulate and smooth 
on the inside. Anthers nearly sessile, brown, sagittately 
oblong, enclosed within the faux. Style columnar, cylin- 
drical, smooth, thickish: stigma peltately capitate, green, 
conical, villous, blunt, flat at the base: gertnen enclosed 
within the calyx, green, wrinkled, umbilicate, roundish, 
girded at the base by a yellow glandular disk. 

The drawing was taken in March 1819 at the nursery 
of Messrs. Whitley and Co. Fulham. 



4^65. 



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465 

ROSA sempervirens. 

Evergreen Rose. 



ICOSANmtlA POLYGYNU. 

Nat. ord. Rosacea Jumeugen. 334. Div, JL Bo>«. 
ROSA. SuprdfoL 45Q. 



IHv. X. Systylse. Styli in columnam ehmgatam cokarenteM, ^ipuke ad- 

natce. Liadley monogr. 111. 
R. sempervirens^ surculis scandentibus* aculeia subsequalibus falcatis^ foliis 

sejapervirentibus. Lindky monogr^ 117. n, 64. 
Rosa sempervirens. Linn. sp. pL ed, 2. I. 704, MiU* diet. ed. 8. n. 9. 
WilhL sp* pL 2. 1073. Miss Zawrance's roses, t, 45. Persoon syn. 3* 
49. JDecand. fi. fran^, 4. 446. Hart, Kew. ed. 2. 3. 263. Decand. 
mcnsp. 138. Smith in Rees's cyclop, in loco. 
Rosa scandens. Mill. diet. ed. 8. n. 8. Broteroji, las. I. 341. 
Rosa balearica. Desfont. cat. A. par. Perioan sjfn. 2. 49. 
Rosa atroviretts. Vttijmtfl^ iioL 4. t. 6. 
Rosa capreolata. Neill in jEdinb. pkilos.jtmm. 3. 104- 
{$) micropkylla, foliolis suborbicufatis, Lindky L c, 
Rosa micropfaylla* Desfont. atL 1. 401. 

Frutex scandens shtcuUs producHssimis, ' gracililmSy lucido-virentihus^ 
nmUotih divisiSj altera latere whrvbescentibus, aculeisgue tenuibus rutnis 
subuncatis armatis. Folia pterumque deflexa^ nitidissima^ sempervirentia 
ojnnind sine pube; stipulse angustae, rubrce, jhm refiex<jey glandulis raris ad 
marginem; petioU acukolis eurvatis armati; foliola 5-7> ovalia v. ovato- 
lanceolata, plana, simplicity serrata, utrinque luddo-virentia, suitits verd 
plurimum paUidi&ra. Flores valdi numerosi, fragrantes, atbi; bracteac 
nud^j lanceolaUBt refiexiB^ rubedine tinctie; pedunculi nvdi vel glandulosi; 
tubus calycinus ovatus^ nudus vel glandulosus; sepala (foIioIa caJycina) dc- 
ddua^ ovatay acuminata^ subsimplicia, petalis breviora^ glandulis scabrata ; 
petala o6cor^(a, concava; stamina 138-140, caduca; discus conicuSt admo- 
d&m crassus; ovaria 30; styli in columnam longam pilosam coagmentati. 
Fructus globosuSt aurantiacus, parvus. lindley loc. cit. (Ex anglico versum)* 



" A climbing plant with very long, slender, bright 
green, much divided shoots, reddish on one side, and armed 
with slender, somewhat hooked red prickles. Leaves usu- 
ally deflexed, very shining, evergreen and without any sort 
of pubescence; stipules narrow, red, reflexed at the end, 
with a few glands on their edge; petioles armed with little 
curved prickles ; leaflets 5-7, oval or ovato-lanceolate, flat, 
simply serrated, bright green on both sides, but much paler 
beneath. Flowers very numerous, white and fragrant; 
hractece naked, lanceolate, reflexed, stained with red; 
peduncles naked or glandular; tube of the calyx ovate, 

VOL- VI. K 



naked or glandular; sepals deciduous, ovate, acuminate, 
nearly simple, shorter than the petals, rough with glands ; 
petah obcordate, concave; stamens 138-140, quickly drop- 
ping ofip, disk conical, very thick; ovaries (germens) 30; 
styles united into a long hairy column. Fruit round, orange- 
coloured, small." 

" A very ornamental plant, rapidly forming a compact 
covering to old pales or buildings against which it is plant- 
ed. From Rosa prostrata its rambling shoots and hairy 
styles distinguish it. Vivianrs Rosa atrovirens is described 
with rough and figured with smooth fruit.** 

" The Ayrshire Rose, described by Mr. Neill in the 
Edinburgh Philosophical Journal, under the name of ctqrre- 
olatay does not appear to differ from this, which is not a 
native of America, but is confined to the South of Burope 
and North of Africa." Lindley monogr, /. c. 

+ _ 

The excellent drawing which accompanies this article 
has been kindly contributed by the author of the Monograph 
of the Roses. 



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466 

BURCHELLIA capensis, 
Cape JBurchellia. 



PENTANDRIA MONOGYNI^. 

Nat. Grd. Rubiaceje. Jumeu gtit. 196. Dw. /V, Fructus monocai^ 
pui bilocularis po^spermus. Folia apposita; cauKi M€^ JrutetcenM. 

BURCHELLIA. CapUuhan uiTolDcratam. 0»*. claTato-infuiidibul^ 
foTiiu9 : 2m6o 5-fid6 abbreviato fauceque imberbi ; ttstiVattone mutad iiuk 
bricat^ contort^. Stamina 'supra medium tubi inaerta; a:tUheTifi subsMiilibus 
inclusis. Stigma clavatum. Sacca calyce alt^ £i-fido cwonata> bilocularis, 
pol^penna. Srawn MSS. ' 

jPrutex.'ramoiis8tmns pubeicens, ramutis campresnt. Folia opponfa, 
Stipulae interpettotares, £ dUatatd basi tuimlatcE, mdims^, caduc^B, Gapitu-* 
lum terminale, extra inwlucrum monopAylAon pbtridentatvM aMrreuiatum 
pari unico foliorum minorum stipulit propcrtunuUim latiaribiu nhtemOm. 
Oraria tupra receptaculum convexum piUtMm iHScteoIisque mommUid mtm^ 
timmis contpersum sesstliUf distincta. Calyx: limbo Joliaceo agualt, ti^mn 
oHquotih superante. Corolla cocctnea, exri^ pilis appressig, intOt ajabra 
prmter barbam annularem juxta baxitt tubi^ Anthene lineare^, Discus 
epigynui camosus, indimius, imberbis. Stigma exsertumf utrin^ug snko ex- 
€iratum, Bacca twrbmato^lobasa^ bilocutariM septa compleio. Placenta 
oibMta. Semina angtUata^ £mbryo axiliM, dimidio albuminu cartihginH 
bnyiar^ Brown MSS. 



BurchelUa capensis. Brawn MS& 

CephffiUs bubaliaa, Pertoan Myn. 1. 202, 

Patabea. Hnjus congener autgenere proxima Lonicbra bubalina; &c. &c. 

Jusiieu gen, 208. 
Looicera bubaJina, Lin, suppl. 146. Vakl tgmb* 3. S7«. Thtmb. prod, 47. 

JEjwd.Jhr. cap. 2. 64. WiOd. sp. pi, 1. 980, 
Buffemom. CoUmU batavis Cap, B, S, (ob lignum durissimum), 

Ramuli robusti. Folia saturate viridia, mbcoriacea, hispida, latO' 
oblumga breviier acuminata ban cantractiitB wbcordatap 3-5-uncialia, per 
paria distantia: petiolus brevis Mrtns, Corolla undaUi vel pavio lo^ior, 
diametroferi penntB scriptorics, Jirma, 



Native of the Cape of Good Hope, I^ng known in our 
Herbariums and the various botanical systelns, though lately 
introduced into our gardens, where we believe it has now 
flowered for the first time. 

By its original observer, the species had been ranked 
under the head Lonicera; but was afterwards referred by 
Jussieu to i,ts true station, the Rubiace^, though that 
learned botanist, in adopting an erroneous description, re- 
presenting the seeds of the berry as solitary, has placed the 
plant in a wrong section of the order. Mr* Brown having 

K 2 



proved it not to be consistently reducible to any established 
genus, has formed a new one from it, and, with that li- 
berality and vigilance which he extends to every interest 
of science, availed himself of the appropriate occasion of 
honouring the merits of Mr. Burchell, the zealous and 
enterprising investigator of the regions to which our plant 
belongs. 

The shrub is called Buffelhorn (Buffahe-Jmrn) by the 
Dutch colonists at the Cape, from the hardness of the wood, 
according to Mr. Masson. The drawing was taken from a 
sample in the hothouse at the nursery of Messrs. Colville in 
the King's Road, Chelsea, and is the first ever published. 

Shrub full of branches, furred; branchlets compressed. 
Leaves opposite. Stipules between the petioles, broad at 
the bottom subulate at the top, undivided, caducous. 
Mower-head terminal, subtended on the outside of a short 
involucre of one piece and with several indentations by a 
single pair of smaller leaves with proportionately broader 
stipules. Germens sessile, distinct, resting on ,'a convex 
villous receptacle beset with a few minutely small bracteoles. 
Calyx deeply 5-cleft, with an equal foliaceous limb several 
times longer than the tube. Corolla scarlet, clavately fun- 
nelform, close-pressedly furred on the outside, except a 
bearded circle near the bottom of the tube quite smooth on 
the inside: limb 5-cleft, short: eestlvation (folding of the 
segments in the unexpanded flower) mutually overlapped (as 
distinguished from alternately overlapped, a more common 
mode in this tribe). Stamens inserted just above the middle 
of the tube; anthers subsessile, enclosed, linear. Stigma 
protruded, clavate, with a furrowed line on each side. Berry 
turbinately globular, surmounted by the persistent cal3rx, 2- 
celled with an entire partition, many-seeded. Placenta 
(receptacle of the seed) .^dnate. Seeds angular. Embryo in 
the axis of the cartilaginous albumen, and longer than half 
the length of it. (From the latin manuscript of Mr, 
Brown.) 



46'J 



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467 

MALACHRA fasciata. 
Bough-piled Malachra. 



i : 



MONADELPHIA POLYANDRU. 

Nat ord. Malvaceae* Jumeu gen. 271* DtV. //. Stamina in tubum 
coTolliferum connata^ indefinita. Fructus multicapsularis; capsulse rerttcil- 
latee, in orbem dispositae aut in unam compactse. 

MALACHRA. Invobicrttm 3-6-phylIum mtiIti6onnQ. Singnlo flori 
cafyx 6-fidus, calicuto 8-12-phylIo cinctus. Antherw in apice et snperficia 
tubi. Stigmata 10. Capsg. 5, in orbem dispositte^ l-spennae, Merba; 
f^ret axiliares. Juss. loc. cit. 272. 



M, fasciata, capitulis pedunculatis tiiphyllis subquinquefloris, foliia 8ubro< 

tundis obsolete lobatis, caule villoso. WiUd, sp^pL 3, 769. 
Matachra fasciata. Jacq, ic. rat, 3. f. 548. JEju^. coUect. % 352» 

Phmta annua? CbuWs nnicus, erectus, B-pedalts^ polHee dtq>h cramar, 
tereM^ ex aHt foHorum ferh omnium ramo9 emittenit infemi dnereus, pHU 
riffidiM et pwigentibus densissimi obsitus* Ex dextro latere axUke ramorvm 
omnium, qui ex caule ^rediuntur, in caule fascia adscenditferi ad praxi- 
mum ramum usque viridu glabra erecta et pl^ min^ 2 tineas lata. Folia 
sunt altema Umge petiolata, serrata, venosa, lUrinque et ad ara hi^idula, 
infima subrotunda et margine &-loba, superiora Z-loba magisque obhnga et 
acuHora ; ad petiolos utrinque stat stipula solitaria, subulato-setacea, erecta, 
kispida et nncialis (vel 9ph bretrim-), Flonim ca[Htula axiUaria, brevUir 
pedunculata, 2-3 succ€$m>e. In ban cujusque folii periantiui communis 
sedetflos: reliqui bretnssimi pedunculati centrum occwmmf. Uterque calyx 
bmgi ciHatus est, exterior insuper utrinque kispidus. Feriantfaii proprii tubus 
viret, hernia patient cum striis badiis. Cal. comm. 9-(pofy-) pkgtlus, S- 
(muUi-)Jhms^ persistens: foliola atato-acuminata, arguti serrata, nervosa, 
iwequatia (ad bann bisHpulata ut reUquafotia) cum mteriectis setis soiitariis 
(stiputis): cal. proprius profundi &-partitus, erecHusaUus, persistens; lac. 
lanceob^t^f acuminat^e, 3-striatce, corolld duplo bretiiares. Cor. foris rosea 
cum striis purpureis, intOs pallet^ extOs villosula, 1-petata, infmdibu&for- 
mis, suhsemundaUs, limbo patente 6-partito, laeiniis obovatis, obtusis, 
planis. F\L plurima, mmadelpha, infemi viUosa, coroUA breviara, erecta: 
anth. mbrotundtB, ochroleucm. <Jenn. subrotundum, &-sulcatum. Stylus 
Jitiformis, Imgitudine staminum: lO-Jidus, supeme recurms, apiculis to- 
tundata-oblusis vittosis terminatus. Pericarpium : arilli 5 gltOri cinerei, in 
capitutum subrotundum coUecti, intrarsum dekiscentes, deddui: sem. soH- 
taria, Jacq. coll. 2. 352. 



Malachra is distinguished from its nearest coordinates 
(Malvacea:) principally by short-stalked subsessile flowers 
collected within a common involucre composed of the dimi- 
nished upper leaves with their stipules. The leaves disap- 
pearing from about the central flowers, while the stipules re- 
main, afford the appearance of an additional calyx- 



The present species Is said by Jacquin to come from the 
Caraccas, and is supposed to be annual. The samples in 
Mr. Lambert's Herbanum are from Jamaica. The drawing 
was taken from a plant which flowered during the winter 
months in Mr, Kent's hothouse at Clapton. The stem was 
more stunted, the heads of flowers nearer together, and ap- 
parently more numerous than is usual in the free-growing 
spontaneous individual. 

The specific name has been suggested by a green longi- 
tudinal stripe divested of the hispid pubescence that covers 
the rest of the plant, and which is to be seen on strong 
samples on one side in the intervals between the branches;- 
but which was not perceptible in the present. 

The blossom continues expanding a long time in suc- 
cession. ' : ' 

The species is not to be found in any of the records of 
our own gardens, and has been probably now first intro- 
duced. Some of them sting, like Nettles. 



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468 



RAPfflOLEPIS indica. 

China Hawthorn or Raphioiepis. 



ICOSANDRIA DIQYNIA. 

Nat creL Rosacea. Jusdeu gen, 334. Div, /. Germen simi^ez in- 
fenun* polystylum. Pomum calycino limbo umbilicatum^ moltilociilaie. 
Arbores avifruticet. Pom acba.' 

RAPmOI£PIS. CalAx^^}m>rm\s 6-deiitatus deciduus. FUa- 
menta filificnrmia. Ownim (gemiek) biloteiilare. Pomum disco' incrasaato 
datttum, puttmiM chAria<ieo: «eto»ia- dw gflUrosa^ test& coriaceft crasm* 
suiii« Fmtix (CknM), Folia: sempervii^M^ fsremUata icorutcea rtHculata, 
Racemi terminakt bmi^eUfpUaceu pernstetU^m tquamotL^ lindley HSS. 






-f+r r^.+t 1 Tr"* 



f ,. :• 



Raphiolepis indica. Lindley MS8, ' 

Crataegus indica. Linn, tp.pl- ed. 2. 1. 683. Willd, tp. pi. 2. 1006. 

taureiro cochm. 819. <Urti»'$ magaz. 17267 £brf. £eir. ed. % 3. 

203. 

Arbor magna, inermia ramis patentibus. Folia lanceoiata, vueguaHtir 
terrata, glabra, aUema. Flos aUms, corymbis racemosii, »qaamon$, ter~ 
mtHaKfrw. Cal. cupenu, b-fidus .in senectute trvncatug. Coroilae petala 6^ 
ntbrotvnda, patentia. Stamina icoaandra. Styli duo. Bacca cafycma 
tiArotunda, vmbiHeata, canuna, l-hcularis, eduHM: sem. 2-4, obUmga. 
lignum n^escenif grave, tenax, aptimmum ad formandoa remot, vel quog- 
HM paloa, qui impHln, vel pondere gravati, aliquantulum cedmU, nee 
JramguKtw. Lour. 1. c. 



Raphiolbpis is proposed by Mr. Lindley in an unpub- 
lished tract on Pomaces, the first section of Jussieu's Order 
of RosACEiB. The character was kindly communicated to 
ua from the author's mamiscript. 

The genus is distinguished from its coordinates of the 
fame section by having a fiinnelform calyx, the whole 
of which, down to where it adheres to the germen, falls 
off immediately after or at the same time with the petals 
of the flower; specially from Chatmqvs, where it has 
hitherto ranked, by stjruitstone or putamen of a paper sub- 
stance, and fix)m all other double-celled single-fruited 
coordinates by a seedcoat or testa of a leathery substance. 
The name (pa^ioy Xwr/f) has been suggested by the narrow 
bractes of the raceme, which in spontaneous specimens are 
sometimes found to have acquired a herbaceous or foliar- 
ceous consistence, and are unlike any thing els^ in this 
order. 



A Chinese plant. Introduced by Mr. James Drummond 
in 1806. 

S^d by Loureiro to grow to a large tree, the wood 
of which is of a reddish hue, heavy and tough, and appli- 
cable to various economical purposes. The Haw or fruit is 
eatable. 

Mr. Lindley thinks that the Crataegus rubra of Lou- 
reiro is another species of this genus. 

The drawing was taken from a plant which blossomed 
in April last in the greenhouse at the botanical garden of the 
Horticultural Society near Hammersmith, an establishment 
which, under its present liberal and judicious superintend- 
ence, promises to become a valuable depository of curious 
and useful vegetables. 



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469 

STROPHANTHUS dichotomus; /3. chinensis. 

Chinese Stropkanthus. 



^ PENTANDRIA MONOGYmA, 

Nat ord, ApocYNE^. Brown in Wem. trans. 1. 59. ^usd. prodr. 
465. Sect. /. Semina comosa. Fructus bifolliculaiis, nunc Ckpsuh bUo- 
culariB. 

STROPHANTHUS. Cor, infundibuliformis. Faux coronata squa- 
mulis 10 indivisis. Limbi lacinise caudata:. Stamina medio tubo iriserta. 
AntheviB sagittatse^ aristat^ v. mucronat^. Germina 2, Stylus 1, filifor- 
mjs, apice dilatato. Stigma subcylindraceum. Squamae &, hypogynse. 
FolHculi *•***. Frutices sarmentosL Folia opposita. Brown in wern. 
traus, 1. 72- 



^. dichoiomus, ramis peduncutisquG dichotomis, foliis mucronato-acuminatis. 

Persoon syn. 1, 299, 
Stfophanthus dichotomus* Jhcand, in ann. du mns. 1. 408. Id, in bulletin 
des sc. par la soc. philom. n. 64. 123. Lamarck encye. 7< 471« Smith in 
Ree$*s cyclop, in hco, 
Nerium coraatum. Lamarck mcyc. 3. 458. Roochurghfior. utd* ined. 
N^rium scandens. Loureiro cochin. 110, 
£chites dichotoma. Carreg beng. 20. 
Echites caudata. Xm. mant. 52. Burm. ind. 68. t. 26. Willd. sp, pL 1. 

1240. 
(a) cochinchinensis^ segmentis calycinis ereetis brevissimis transversa latiori^ 

bus. 
(0) chinensiSi segmentis calycinis bracteisque ereetis transversa magnoper^ 

angustioribus. 
(y) caromandelianus, segmentis calycinis bracteisque recurvatis. 

Frut^x scandens? rami oppositi cortice fusco verrucutoso-scabrato, Fol- 
opposita^ in summis ramis nnmerosa approximatay obtongo-v^ obovaio-lanceo- 
lata, saturate viridiaj Aitida; pet. brevis: stinulae collaterali-gemituE, 
parmikBy virides^ intraaxillareSf semimato-lanceomta. Flores inter folia 
ad finem ramarum, plures, dichoiomo-cgmosis chloroleud, Innnciales v. 
ultra; bractea; angustte^ lanceolatm, erectm. C^L campamdatus^ i unci<E 
vix ad(Bquans, virenSf &-Jidus segmentis lineari-acuminatis ereetis cajialicu- 
tatis formd molequeyerh braetearum ; squamulse 6 hypogynae virentes subor- 
biadat(E. Cor. injmdibuliformis^ cestivaiione contortd: tubus cum fauce 
turbinat^cantraetus subsemuncialis aTtgulosus, solus vix excedens catycem 
c<mstrictus striato-rugatuSr faux angulosa intus vclutitia punctis striisque 
dens^ cansitis punicans; limbus maximns^ sesquivncialist cequalis^ recur- 
vato-patens, laciniis stettato-distanttims^ caudato-attenuatis, amvoluto- 
canaliaUatis^ infer^ intOs colore fauds: corona faucis c sguamis & cuti- 
cubms cohratis Infidis basi divisurarum limbi adnatis, hbis dentifor- 
mibus obtusissimis. FU. pallida, brevitir intra faucem libera, hidi^ infrd 
onmtnd adnata fauci ad orificium tubi usque, Jormd obverse clavata, pro- 
minentia, lanuginosa: anth. erccte, sagittate, aristato-elongat(E, coawttJcule*, 
ochroleuccB. Germ, viride, svbrotundo-didymvm, quadrilobo-sulcatum, gla- 
btum, fundo glanduloso calycis incubans: stylus fori Nerii^ albus, davato- 
Jiliformis, pruinosuSf sutura utrinque notatus^ nt d ex binis amfcrruminatis: 

VOL. Vf. L 



stigma pruinosum, oblongum, cylindricum, erectum, baai marginatum, 
fundo subtus planum, apiculo angusto bifida terminaium, antheris d^um 
agglutinatum. 



The three plants, enumerated above as varieties of this 
species, come from three ditferent countries ; and are repre- 
sented in the Banksian Herbarium by samples included 
under the present title. The subject of our article is clearly 
the same with the Chinese samples collected by Messre. 
Bladh and Staunton at Macao; and diifers from the Coro- 
mandel plant of Roxburgh by a closer foliage and in having 
the bractes and calycine segments entirely upright instead 
of conspicuously recurved; as also from the Cochinchinese 
plant of Loureiro by longer and proportionately narrower 
calycine segments as well as a longer tapered foliage. 
ITie three plants are probably specifically distinct; though 
we have contented ourselves by separating them as varieties, 
under names that may be retdned or rejected, as subse- 
quent investigation may suggest. 

It does not appear that this singular plant had been 
known in our gardens till now. We saw it first in the hot- 
house of the nursery belonging to Messrs. Colville, in the 
King's Road, Chelsea, where it blossomed this spring, and 
afforded the subject of the present drawing. 

A climbing? shrub: frrancAe-s opposite, hark brown, mi- 
nutely warted. Leaves opposite, numerous and close-set at 
the upper part of the branches, oblongly or obovately lance- 
olate, deep green, shining: -petioles short: stipules within 
the axils of the leaves, in pairs, the one facing the other 
edgeways, small, green, semiovately lanceolate. Flowers 
among the leaves at the ends of the branches, several, 
dichotomously cymose, between straw and cream-coloured, 
two inches long or more; hractes narrow, upright, lan- 
ceolate. Calyx green, campanulate, scarcely -j- of an inch 
deep, segments 5, upright linear and taper-pointed, chan- 
nelled, nearly of the same shape and size as the bractes; 
hypogynous squamules (small green roundish scalelike ap- 
pendage) 5, interposed between the germen and the seg- 
ments of the caljrx (outside the corolla?). Corolla funnel- 
form: tube with the faux about half an inch long narrowly 
turbinate, tube (proper) scarcely longer than the calyx, 
narrow, of one colour throughout, wrinkled and streaked. 



faux angular velvetly furred on the inside and crimsoned 
with closeset streaks and dots; //m J very large, an inch and 
a half long, equal, distantly and recurvedly stellate, seg- 
ments narrow, caudately tapered, involutely channelled, 
at the lower part on the inside of the same colour as the 
feux: faucial scales 5, of the colour and consistence of the 
interior lining of the faux, bifid, adhering to the faux at the 
base of the fork of each division between the segments of 
the limb, lobes short dentiform rounded at the ends. Mla- 
ments pale, downy, springing from the orifice of the tube, 
shortly detached at the top within the faux, thence em- 
bossedly adnate to the faux down to the tube, having the 
appearance of so many thick plaits of an obversely clavate 
form: anthers cream-coloured, sagittate, long-awned, up- 
right, connivent. Germen on the glandular floor or disk of 
the calyx, green, smooth, twin, roundish, each lobe marked 
with a furrow: style white, pustular, clavately filiform, 
with a perpendicular seam on each side, showing it to con- 
sist of two parallelly cohering ones, nearly as in Nerium; 
stigma white, frosted, oblong, upright, cylindrical, flat at 
the bottom with a projecting ledge or rim, with a narrow 
bifid summit ; ultimately adhering to the lower part of the 
anthers. 

Loureiro has described the twin follicles (indehiscent 
seedvessels) of his plant as horizontal, thick, and obtuse, 
with many oblong compressed feathered seeds. 

Strophanthus comes very ne^r to Nerium; but differs in 
the sarmentose or climbing nature of the shrubs, in the 
foliage being disposed in pairs instead of threes, in having 
a funnelform instead of an hypocrateriform corolla, and 
by a faucial crown of 5 regularly bifid scales instead of a 
crown with an irregularly shred border. 

The type of this genus has been observed in India, 
Asia, and the tropical parts of Africa. The present we be- 
lieve is the only species which has appeared in any European 
garden. 




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470 

CANNA Lamberti. 
The new Indian Meed. 



MONANDRIA MONOGYNIA, 



Nat. ord. Cann£. Ju$sieu gen. 62. Cannes. Brown prod. 1. 307, 
iH obs. III.; ubi d SciTAMiNEARUM onlme dittinmamiiar. 
CA NNA . Suprd vol. 3. fol. 206. 



C. Lamberti, foliis impubibus, corollie laciniis interioribus, ternis: labello 

oblongo erecto-patente integro. 
Canna Lamberti. lindley MSS. 
Canna indica. Ruiz et Pavonflor. peruv. X. 1 ; ( affirjuante tpicimine arehe- 

typo Herbaria Lambertiano asservato). Non aaitrum. 

Planta X^pedaUa. Folia obloHgo-Umceohita, acuta, auperiora minora, 
margine concohre. Spica tr^ora (vel exemplare jtponfoneo vmltifiora) folio 
snperiore brevior. flores omnind Euphorbia puniceae cotore rutiUe. 
Bractea extenor bmgitndine calycis, obUmga, dbtiua, membrunacea; intoior 
lanceolata concava, Sepala (segmenta caryciDa)^nn<wa, laciniit periantkii 
(corolUn) exterioribus 3p2o breviora, viridi-pwpurea. Perianthii (coroUse) 
lacinice exteriores lanceolata, concavte, interioribu$ breviore$: dua anticee 
pauld tnajores: interiores temce, xnberecta, obhngo'lanceolata: labello 
erecto-patente, majors, iubnndulato integerrimo. Germen {Alongwrn tuber- 
ctdogam. Stylus spathulatus, stamine Imgior, 



A new gay-flowered addition to our hothouses, raised 
by Mr. Lambert from seed collected Jn the Island of Trini- 
dad. The plant blossomed in May last at Boyton House 
for the first time in England, when the sample exhibited in 
the annexed figure was kindly sent to us. The red of the 
corolla is peculiar, and resembles very closely the colour of 
the " Scarlet Spurge" (Euphorbia punicea), but is distinct 
from that of any other Indian Reed previously known in 
our gardens. 

That our plant is the Canna indica of the Flora Peru- 
viana, we are assured by the prototype sample in the rich 
Herbarium amassed by the public-spirited zeal of Mr. Lam- 
bert, and which sample had been transmitted by M. Pavon, 
one of the authore of the above Flora. The true Canna 
indica is however a very distinct species, and differs sit fii-st 
sight from the present, in having a revolutc label with a 
notch at the end, instead of an upright one without any 
notch, though the two agree in having only three inner seg- 
ments to the corolla, and not four as in patens and coccinea. 



An herbaceous plant, attaining sometimes nearly twice 
the height of a man. Leaves smooth, obiongly lanceolate, 
pointedj upper ones smaller, edge of the same colour as the 
rest of the leaf. Spike three-flowered (in the spontaneous 
specimen manyflowered) shorter than the uppermost leaf. 
Outer hracte of the length of the calyx, oblong, obtuse, 
membranous, inner lanceolate, concave. Segments (or 
leaflets) of the calyx mealy, three times shorter than the 
outer segments of tlie corolla, between green and purple. 
Outer segments of the corolla lanceolate, concave, shorter than 
the inner ones: two front ones rather larger than the other: 
inner ones three, nearly upright, obiongly lanceolate : label 
uprightly spreading, larger, slightly undulate, entire (un- 
notched). Germen oblong, tubercled. Style spatolate, 
longer than the stamen. 

The roots are said to be preserved in various ways, and 
eaten by the Peruvians. 



47/ 




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471 

BEGONIA pauciflora. 

Few -flowered Begonia. 



MON(ECIA POLYANT>RIA. 

Nat ord. Plants incerbe sedia. Polypetala genuine infero. Jusrieu 

gen. 436. 
BkooNiACEiB* Bonpland nav^ ei malm, \&l. An Hy- 
DHANGfiJEetind^iludiacmaffines? Lindky MSS, 
BEGONIA. Sttprd vol 4. foL 284. 



^. paucijlora, caulescens; foliis cordatis rotundatis nitidis plicatis subbi- 
crenatis : inferioribus sequilateralibus^ capsul^e alis insequalibus obtusao- 
gulis. LindUy MSS. 

Begonia patula. Hawarth suppL sutx^ "pL \(iQl 

Herba camma 2-3'p€dali8. Caules teretes ruhidi erecH ramosi impu6e$, 
intemodiis petiolorum longitudine. Folia /er^ veriicalia viinutim pvhemUi, 
stipulis cvatis acutu scariosis, petiolo supri caiialicutato, caulis cohre^ 
hngitudine lammas, quas nitida, cordata plicata wiMcretiata suprd keti 
viridis infrd pallidiar^ superiorum obliqna, inferionim mdHEqnilateralts* 
Paniculse paucifionB pilosis, bracteis 5 w^w apprems, ^ subroiundis. 
Flores ^ jmtlidi ruhro tincti laciniU exterioribus late watit obtwis^ interi- 
oribus 4rpto angustiortbus concavU acutiusciUiM'r^ 9 P<^llidi viride$ pauld 
mmares, alis ovarii obtum, aUerd maj&re, littdley MSS. 



" Begonia patula of Mr. Haworth's above cited tract is 
reported to be this^ but the specific character does not alto^ 
gether apply to it, and if it should turn out to be the same, 
the name patula can never be retained, for the plant is any 
thing but spreading." 

" I think I have detected a remarkable affinity between 
this genus and Hydrangea, which I shall take a future 
opportunity of explaining, contenting myself for the present 
with indicating my view. I believe it is the opinion of 
some of the Botanists in France that the genus is allied to 
Polygrnieoe; an idea originating, I presume, in the taste of 
the leaves, which have certainly a very striking resemblance 
to that of different species of Rumex." 

" The drawing was taken from a sample which flowered 
in the hothouse at the nursery of Messrs. Colville, in the 
King's Road, Chelsea, in June last." 

" If this species is the same with the doubtful Begonia 



I have quoted, it has been introduced in 1816 from the 
Berlin Garden into the Physic Garden at Chelsea," 

" Caulescent, fleshy, 2-3 feet high; stems round, red- 
dish, upright, branched, furless, intervals between the 
leaves the length of the petioles. Leaves nearly vertical, 
minutely fuiTed, cordate, i-ounded, shining, plaited, some- 
what doubly crenate, of a lively green above, paler under- 
neath, upper ones with a slanted blade, lower with an almost 
entirely evensided one; petiole of the colour of the stem, 
the length of the blade, channelled at the upper side: 
stijmles ovate, pointed, scariose. Panicles few-flowered 
hairy; hractes of the barren Jlowers ovate close-pressed, of 
thejertile flowers nearly round. Barren Jlowers pale tinged 
with red, outer segments broad-ovate blunt, inner ones four 
times narrower concave rather pointed— ^Jjr/i/e flowers pale 
green, but little smaller, wings of the germen obtuse one 
larger than the rest." Lindley MSS. 

The whole of this article was kindly communicated by 
Mr. Lindley while the plant was in flower last spring. 

The following short notice of the natural tribe of our 
plant is taken from Mr. Brown*s Observations oh the Botany 
of Congo. " The extensive genus Begonia, which it is per- 
haps expedient to divide, may be considered as forming a 
natural order, whose place, however, among the Dicoty- 
" ledonous families, is not satisfactorily determined. Of 
" Begoniacece, no species has yet been observed on the conti- 
" nent of Africa, though several have been found in Mada^ 
*' gascar and the Isles of France and Bourbon, and one in 
" the Island of Johanna." Brown obs. hot, Congo. 45. 






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472 

DELPHINIUM grandiflorum. ^S. chinense. 

Fiscker^s JLarkspur. 



POXYANDRU TRIGYNIA, (rectiUs forti PENT^OYNI^ ?} 

Nat ord, RANUNCULACEiE. Decand, gyst. naU 1. 120, Dw. L Ra- 
uimculaceae Verse. Tribus JV, Hellebores. 
DELPHINIUM. Suprd vol 4- fol 327. 



Sect, ni Belphinasbrum. (haria 3 interdUm 5. Calcar ehmgatum, in- 
tmia^petahim; Petala A libera^ 2 ii^erwra itipitata, Umboint^ bar^ 
baio in wiicd mecie integro^ tcepimme hyido. Mractem 1 s^ pedicelip^ 
2 8ec&8 pediceUHm sapis^im^ oppontm fiwi contigum^-^Radices perejmes. 
SubdiT. I* Petdhrum inferiarum limbo integro. 
X>. grandiflorum^ foliis palmatlm multiputitis, lobis linearibns disttuitibus^ 
pedicellis bracte^ lon^oribus, petalis calyce bre¥]oribu3, 2 inferioribus 
Umbo obUqu^ inflexo ovato integro. Decand. $yst. not, 1, 351. 
Delphinium grandifloram. Zm. sp, pL ed. 2. 749 (excL Mill, 9yn.) MilL 
diist, ed, 8- »- 6. Lamarck encyc. 2- 264. Willd, sp, pL 2. 1228; (excL 
secvndo MilL wn.) SmU Kew, ed. 2. 3. 320. Curti$^s magaz, 1686. 
Delplunium nectanis dipbyllis labellis integiis floribus subsolitariis foUis com- 
positis Hneari-multipaititis. £tn. Aor<. vps. 150. MiU^ tc. 2. 167. U 250. 
Jig. 1, opt. 
DefphiDium foliis tenuitls dirisis. GmeL $ib. 4. 187. <. 78. 
Ddphinium lusitanicmn dabrum aconiti folio. Rohff ind. &* crmxM. 61* f. 3. 

(ex Lin.) non Toymej, 
Delphinium elatius subiucanum pereone floribus amplU azurds. Amm, mf A, 

175. 
(fi) ckinense, caule rectiore rigido, florescenti^ seriori. Decand* he. cit. 352; 

Ade Fiscken in litt. 
Delriiiniuin chinense. Loddiges's hot, cabin, 

^}6Ciei ab omnihus feri Delphtniis perennibus petalis integris nee 
bifidis distinctissima. Badix nigricans; caulis erectus; fol. petiolata 
triaecta^ segmentise tripartitis, lobis multifidin, lobuUs linearibus angu$tis; 
pei^celli ttmgi iiUerdiim l-'^-poUicares ; flores ccsrulei, magni; sepala ocalia^ 
8-/m. langm^ dorso medio pubescentia ; pet^aca^ce multd breviorUf 2 mpc* 
tiata alba limbo oblongo acuta integrot 2 infericra tmgue filiformi recto, 
KnUto ovatafakatim adfloris latus inferiits defiexo, basi pilts flams bar- 
bato; oraria 3 rari^ 4 erecta, adpreuh pubescentia. Variat, l^.folHi 
flcraWms inferioribus s^ius muUifidis^ interdiim linearibut integri$; 2\ 
raeemis paueifloru laxissimis ant multifiaris canfertioribus ; 3". pedicelUs. 
d ad 24 /tn. bmgis; 4P, bracteolis altemis oppositisve d flare distantibus aut 
Atnc contiguis; b\ floribus scEpiiU c^eruleis interddm (ex spedminibns ex 
Usdem seminibm artts) lUadnis subrosei$ imd albidis. An 2 specie$ confuses f 
Decand. L c. 



Our plant is smd to have been raised from seed sent 

from Russia by Dr. Fischer, under the name of Delphinium 

chinense^ ha^ng been deemed by the Doctor distinct from 

grandiflorum^ with which we have had no opportunity of 

VOL. vr. M 



comparing it. The differences we find relied on, are, that 
it comes later into flower, is a taller, more uprij^ht, and 
stiffer plant, with a more narrowly divided leaf. We must 
also observe, that M. DecandoUe has described the limb of 
the two upper petals in the flower of grandiflorum as pointedy 
in our plant it was manifestly blunt and rounded. We 
have preferred recording the plant as a strongly marked va- 
riety or possible species until the two can be determined by 
comparison in the living state or rather by experience. 

The drawing was taken at the nursery of Messrs. Whit- 
ley and Co., King's Road, Fulham, in June 1818. Probably 
native of some of the Russian districts on the confines of 
China. Both {(2) and (a) vary with cream-coloured flowers. 
Some of the samples we saw of (/3) were three feet high. 
We found a garden one from Moscow in Mr. Lambert's 
Herbarium, where the plant is stated to be native of Kam- 
chatka. 

The species is remarkable among the perennial Lark- 
spurs in having the limb of the lower petals entire instead 
of cloven. 

Root inclining to black; stem upright; leaves petioled, 
triply divided, segments tripartite, lobes multifid (repeat- 
edly cleft), lobules linear narrow; peduncles 1-2 inches long 
or more, ascending, stiffj one-flowered; a simple leafy bracte 
at their base, with two rather smaller ones placed above 
their middle. Leaflets of the calyx obovate, with a small 
hollow gibbous yellowish green externally villous point. 
Petals much shorter than the calyx, two upper ones with 
pale blue oblong round-ended limbs; two lower ones with a 
filiform straight unguis, limb deflexed, bearded at the base 
with yellow hairs. Germens 3-4, grey, close-pressedly 
furred. 



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473 

DELPHINIUM cheUanthum. 

Doroninsk JLarkspur, 



POLYANDRIA TRIGYNI^; (rectOUiu PBNTAQYNIA?) 

Nat ord, Ranunculacea. Decaiid. syst naU 1. 129. Div. L Ra- 
ouncuIoceEe Vene, Tribus IV, Helleborese. 
DELPHimUM. Suprd voL 4. foL 327. 



Sect. IIL Delphinastrum. Ovaria 3 interd^ 5. Calear ehmgatuMf vi- 
teriu9 dipetahtm; Petala 4 libera, 2 infcriora $tipitata, limbo int&s 
barbato in vnicd specie integro, stBpissime bifida. Bractea 1 sub pedicelh, 
2 secHs pediceUum swpismt^ oppantts Jlori t^mtigum. JRadices perennes, 
Subdiv. I. Petalorwtn inferiorum limbo integro^ 
D* cheilantkum, caule erecto ramoso^ foliis 6-partitis» lobis oblongis acumi- 
natis subtrifidis subdentatis, petalis calyce breTioribus, 2 inferioribus 
limbo obliqud inflexo (sub-) integro (non exacts integro sed apice obtus^ 
emarginato ant mxacnevix bidentato), capsulis reticulatlm pictis pubes- 
centibus. Decand, sy$t. nat, 1. 352, 545. 
Delphioium cheUanthum. Fischer in litL (fide Decandolkei)* 
Delphinium daourioum. Steven ined. (fide Decand.). 
Delphinium foliis birsutis. GmeLfi, sib* 4. 187. /. 76. 

^edes distinctissimal (hnntum Umgh pulcberrima ! Folia kirsuta 
(Gmel.) mperiora brevitcr petiolata 5-partita, lobis oblongis subtrinerviis 
apice trifidis acuminatis tateralibus subbifidis ; flores Deephinii grandiflori 
magnitmline: calycis sepala (foliola) avalia apice calloso submucronato ; 
calcar rectum sepalis leqnale ; petala 2 superiora ut in Delfhinio grandi- 
floro^ inferiara bremtir stipitata, ad apicem stipitis infiexa limbo ovato ob- 
tusissimo apice emarginato aut vix ac ne vix bidentato propi basin eiHato in 
medio disci barbato. (Fischer). Capsulze tres pubescentes, membranace^, 
subinfiatce^ ad doisum venis nigricantibus anastomosantibus reticulatte^ stylis 
persistentibus mucronaiw. Species omnino media inter DELPHINIUM 
grandiflorum et alia Deli>hiiiastra- Decand. locc, citt. 



A very distinct richly coloured species of dwarfish 
growth, recently introduced, and not mentioned in any 
record of our gardens, Rrst published by M* Decandoile 
from samples collected in that part of Siberia which lies 
beyond Lake Baikal, and also in the vicinity of Doroninsk 
in the province of Daflria. Seed has been lately procured 
from the gardens at Moscow through the means of Dr. 
Fischer, and the plant raised in several of the nurseries 
about London, where it is treated as a hardy perennial and 
flowers about June. 

The species does not come strictly under the head of 
those with the limb of the lower petals entire or even, though 

M 2 



placed there by M. Decandolle, since the Umb is manifestly 
indented; but is rather the intermediate link between gran- 
diftorum, the limb of the lower petals of which is entire, 
and that section of Delphinastrum where this is bifid. 

The figure from a dried plant in Gmelin's work, referred 
to above, is very characteristic and a certain synonym; but 
the terni hirsutus applied to the foliage in the description 
implies, in our view, rather a more conspicuous kind of 
pubescence than is present in the cultivated samples, whose 
fur, although dense and uneven, is short. The flowers are 
said to vary to cream-colour. 

Leaves subtomentosely fun*ed of a dark blackish green, 
3-5-parted, lobes oblong trifid taper-pointed latei-al ones 
subbifid ; flowers about the size of those of Delphinium 
grandiflorumj of a very deep blue colour ; leaflets of the calyx 
oval with a callously thickened submucfonately pointed 
summit; spur straightish, equal to the leaflets; two upper 
petals just as in grandiflorum, lower ones shortly stipitate 
(stiped), inflexed at the top of the stipe with a very obtuse 
ovate limb indented at the top, scarcely bidentate, ciliated 
(fringed) near the base, bearded in the centre of the disk. 
Capsules three, furred, membranous, subinflated, retlcu- 
lately marked at the back with black inosculating veins; 
mucronately pointed by the permanent styles. 

The drawing was taken at Messra. Colville's nursery in 
the King's Road, Clielsea. 



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474 ' 

PiEONIA mollis. 

Doum^- leaved Po&my. 



fOLYANDRIA DIGYNIA (v.potiU* PENTAGYNIA). 

Nat. ord. Ranunculace£. Decand. $y$t. nat, 1. 127. JHv. II, Ra- 
iculaceae spuriae, Nempe antkerU introrsi* donatm. 
P^ONIA. Suprd vol &.foL 379. 



P. moUis, foliolU ovali-Ianceolatis jplanis lobatis imbricatis sufatiks cxsiopilosis, 

lateridibus subsessilibus, genuinibus tomentosis rectis. Andersott m trmu. 

Unn. soc. 12. 282. 
Pseonia mollis. Smeet hort. stf&. lond. 124. 
Pseonia vUlosa. Desfont. cat. h, par. ed. 1. 126? ; (si itasit mal& d Hecaur 

doUiso ad P^ONIAH humilem relata.) 

Radicis £brae lot^a, tuberilma hmgis terminata. Caulis pedaUs et ultras 
rigid«gf stricttu, pUosiusculus, densifoUosus. Petioli brevet, supri glaifri, 
subtia pilosimcidi; parttales undique piiosi. Folia dodrantalia, integualith- 
mbtritemata, compumata, korizontalia^ saturate canUeo-viridia. Foliola 
iateralia, subse$silia, extiit decurrentiay profundi lobata, lato-lantxokUa, 

plana, obtttia, imbricato-coi^reffata venisjnxcis paraUelis, gubt^ dejui pUota, 
fflauca ; »uprd glabra, nittdhaaUa. Bractese foliaceeet int^tB v. indue. 
Calycis foliola obtusut exteriora pt^escentia, iategra. Germina 2^ recfnu- 
cula, adpressa, apiee distantia, moUitir pubescentia pUis ferrugineu. 
Semina ceqttaliter ovata rugogiuscula, nitida. Anderson in loco citato. 



" Although the Pseony here given is perhaps the least 
beautiful of that splendid genus, yet as it has not been any 
where described except in the place referred to, nor been 
figured in any publication, we feel ourselves authorized to 
lay it before our readers." 

" Mr. Sabine, from whose collection the plant was de- 
scribed by the late Mr. George Anderson, procured it from 
Messrs. Loddiges and Sons, under the erroneous name of 
anomala (denoting a very distinct species) ; it had been cul- 
tivated some years in the nursery at Hackney, having been 
raised from seeds sent to the proprietoi*s by Professor Pallas. 
It flowere in the month of May, and is probably a native of 
the southern districts of the Russian Empire, in or bor- 
dering upon the Crimea," 

'* The Downy-leaved PjEony is easily distinguished from 
its congenei*s by dwarf growth and rigid habit, by the pecu- 
liar crowding and overlapping of the lobes of the foliage, the 
upper surface of which is of a dark opaque green, and the 



under very glaucous and woolly. The flowere are a dark 
purplish red, and appear imbedded in the leaves." 

" P^oNiA villosa of the French Gardens seems to be a va- 
riety of this species, and consequently is improperly referred 
by Desfontaines in the Catalogue of the plants of the Royal 
Garden at Paris to PvEonia humilis^' Sabine MSS. 

We have to thank Mr. Sabine, the Secretary of the Hor- 
ticultural Society, for the liberal permission to engrave the 
annexed drawing by Mr. Hooker, and also for the commu- 
nication of the above account of this nearly unnoticed 
species. 

" Linnseus remarks, that though the most natural num- 
ber of the germens in this genus is, in his opinion at least, 
two, they are often more numerous; but he thinks they 
scarcely ever amount to five. Some newly discovered species 
however contradict this, and indeed most of the old ones 
afford reasons, at one time or other, for the union of the 
Linnean Orders from Digynia to Pentagynia, in the Class 
Polyandria, into one; which is sanctioned also by Delphi- 
jiiUM, AcoNiTUM and others." Smith in Rees's cyclop, in 
loco. 

The type of the genus seems confined to the northern 
hemisphere. No species has been observed in America. 



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475 

HAKEA microcarpa. 
Small-fruited Hakea, 



TETHANDRIA MOHOGYNIA. 

iVa<. orj* Pbote^* Jm^im gen, 78. Div, XL Fnictua 1-Ioc. poly- 

spennus. 

Proteace^. Brown in trans, linn. $oc. 10* 15» $egq* IHv. 
IL Fructus dehiscens. Sabdw. A, Unilocularis. 

HAKEA, Cor. 4-petaIa, irregularis^ petalis secundis, apicibus cavis 
fitaminiferis, AntheriB immersx. Glandula kypogyna unica dimicUata. 
Germ, pedicellatum, di&permum. Stigma subobIiquuiii> ^ basi dilatat^ mu- 
cronatum. Folliailus unilocularis, ligneus, pscuao-biTidTis, loculo excen- 
trico. Semina al& apicis nucleo longiore. Fnitices rigidi, quanddqme 
Arbores mediocres, pitis dum adsint medio ajfflxist FoL spdrsa, in varOs 
varia, nunc in eodem frutice diversiformia. Fasciculi v* Racemuli ^epiuf 
axiUares, in plerisque involucrati^ sguamis tmhricatist scariotigf t^t&cix, 
radhnenta ramuhrum aHquandd $imul inclndentibus^ idebqne potids pro 
gemmS habendis, sed genus, extra tropicum salthn, d eonfinibus optimi du- 
tingnentibm, aUis natis in quibusdam vadUaniibus. Pedicelli whruH^ in 
racemosis gemindti, paribus unibracteatis. Flores parvi, aibi v. ockroleuei* 
Pistillum gtaberrimum, stylo subdeciduo, Folliculus parietibus inerassatit^ 
Semina atra, rard cinerea. Brown prod. 1. 381. 



Dir. Cki^ke jnxta apicem hicalearatcs^ SubdiT. Tolia pbtra ^Kformia : 

aliqua plana. Brown. 
H. microcarpa f foliis integerrimis glabris: rameis teretibua; infimis planis, 

coroUis peduDculisquc glaberrimis^ capsulis bicalcaratis umbellatis folio 

multoti^s breTioribus, Brown prod* 1. 383, 
Hakea nucrocarpa. Brown in trans, linn, soc. 10. 182. 



Thirty-five species of this genus have been enumerated 
by Mr. Brown; all belonging to New Holland and Van 
Diemen*3 Island. Of these only one was observed within 
the tropic. 

The present is of very recent introduction and not of 
the seventeen recorded in the last edition of the Hortus 
Kewensis. It belongs to a small division of the group, 
remarkable for some flat and more cylindrical leaves. 

A greenhouse shrub, with a sweet-smelling blossom. 
The drawing was taken last May at Messrs. Colville's in the 
King*s Road^ Chelsea. 

The following is the character of the genus from Mr. 
Brown's Prodronms. 



Corolla of 4 petals, irregular, petals in one direction, 
bearing the stamens in the hollow tops. Anthers im- 
merged in the hollow of the petals. Hypogynous glandule 
(small gland below the pistil) solitary, halved. Germen 
stalked, two-seeded. Stigma somewhat slanted, sharpening 
mucronately from a widened base. Follicle (indehiscent 
seedvessel) one-celled, woody, pseudo-bivalve, with a cell 
deviating from the centre. Seeds with the wing of the sum- 
mit longer than the nucleus or body. The species consist 
of ri^d shrubs, or sometimes middle-sized trees, with the 
hairs, when there are any, fixed down at the middle. Leaves 
scattered, of different shapes in different species, sometimes 
of different shapes in the same plant. Flower fascicles or 
racemelets usually axillary, in the greater part of the species 
enveloped in an involucre of imbncated scariose caducous 
scales, sometimes enclosing likewise the rudiments of the 
future branches and consequently rather to be regarded 
as the buds, but which serve to distinguish the genus very 
securely (the extratropical part of it at least) from the con- 
fining genera, while at certain points other marks are found 
to be less steadfast. Pedicles coloured, in paii-s, where the 
flowers are in racemes, with a single bracte to each pair. 
Flowers small, white, or cream-coloured. Pistil quite 
smooth, style subdeciduous. Follicle with thickened walls. 
Seeds black, seldom ash-coloured. 

The present species is characterized by quite entire 
smooth leaves; those on the branches being cylindrical, 
those lower down flat; by quite smooth corollas and pe- 
duncles and double-spurred umbellate capsules many times 
shorter than the leaves. 



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476 

DIOSMA lanceolata. 

iMnce-leaved Dios7na, 



PENTANDRIA MONOQYNIA. 

Nat, ord. RUTACEJE. Juuieu gen. 269. Div. IIL Goijem Butacew 

affinia. 

DiosME«. Brown gen. tern, in append, to FHnd. toy. % 

645. ' 

BIOSMA. Suprd vol 6. foL 360, 



XHv. Agathosma. Filameniis altemis sterilibus cockleari-petaioideis. 
D. laneeolatat foliis ellipticis obtusis glabris (utriaque pilis rarifi; m notd). 

Linn. syst. nat. ed. 12. 2. 626; (tnh HARTOGiit lanceola^.^ 
Diosma lanceolata. Milh diet ed, 8. n. 6, tinn, «yrf. veg, Murr, 239. 

Willd, sp. pi 1. 11. OT; (ezclnso «yM. ThunbergU.) Hwt. Kew, ed, 2. 

2. 31; (ezclusd pkrasi specified WiUdenovH ^ciem amninb alienam in- 

telligentis). 
Bucco obtusa oblonga. Wendl coUect. 1, 47. (. 14? 
Hartogia lanceolata. Linn. sgst. not. ed. 12. 2. 625, 

Fruticulus dumoms avbpedalis, rennam gtrenmssimi redolens, pubeicens, 
ramis viUasi$ folio&is, Fol. patenHa, numeran, sparm, approximata, crassa^ 
hnceolatfhoblonga, obtusuucuhtf | uncus vix Im^iara^ mprd plano-wn- 
venmcula pUi» raris, margine et costd subt^ piJUs langiorUms ciliata, d 
prono glandnloso'punctata pallidiora. Flores terminaleSf convexo-umbeUati, 
roseo-mbrubentes V, lHacino-aUficanteSf partmli: pedicelli vix Umgiares flari'- 
bus, hirguHt globulis resinasi$ consiti, rubidi,rectL CbI, bis breviar coroUd, 
pubesccTiSf glanduiosus, infemi rubescenst supemi virescenB, segmentig credo* 
patentibuM obtusis crassis* Cor. pet. campanulatihpatentia, ai$tantiat Ugu-- 
bttCj angustius spathvjata^ concolara, laminft oblongd obtnsd pland, ungue 
liTieari villosiusculo^ Fil. 5 sterilia erecta, bremera eoroUdt petaiodea, petalis 
opponta, lineari-ligvlata^ infemi plana pihsa, supemh canvohtto-c&ncava, 
apice cochlearifarmia rotundata, Stam. 5 fertilia successive exerescentia^ 
caroltam exsuperantia, diffusa patenting primb ad medium replicata indi sen- 

ititta AvWrtAHd^n Al&wn^antio rtintv^a •oftwi^ttin antliAriiB vmitrff/fa i^'nu^fia ^ hitai vn^^» 



sim arrigenda, filamentis glabru setaceit, antheris paitmlis erectU d ban infixis 
tyvato-rotundi$_fiavis. Genu, viride, gtabrum, dufx> crateriformi imm^suM, 
tricolle apicuHi Juacis: stylus setaceus, albus, glaber, apiculonim germinis 
iniermedius. 



A Linnean species, involved in some obscurity by an 
inadvertence of WiUdenow in identifying it with a plant to 
Which Thunberg had affixed the same name, under the 
impression of its being the same thing, but which a critical 
review proves to be of a very different nature. We know 
by the sample that the present is the species intended in 
the Hortus Kewensis, notwithstanding its having been enu- 
merated lit the last edition of that publication by the 
phrase descriptive of Thunberg's plant. 

VOL. VI. N 



T\ie figure quoted in the synonymy from Wendland we 
think is meant for this plant, notwitlistanding the bractes 
shown on the pedicles, which we nevei' observed in any 
sample we saw. It may also be the Diosma pubescens of 
Willdenow's "Enumeratio;" but clearly not that of his 
" Species Plantarum," where it was adopted from Thunberg, 
and prefixed to an inappropriate synonymy; a circumstance 
we have noticed in the article Diosma cUiata (vol. 5. fol. 366). 
In Thunberg's pubescens the leaves are described as lanceo- 
late, three-cornered and villous ; in the pubescens of Will- 
denow, in his " Enumeratio," as oblong slightly pointed 
and fringed along the edge and midrib; while the figure we 
have quoted above from Wendland is adduced for the syno- 
nym of one of the varieties into which it is divided. 

From ciliata, to which it has a near affinity, it may 
be at once distinguished by a germen with a bare smooth 
top instead of one with the top clothed witJi a shaggy pu- 
bescence. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope; requiring the same 
treatment as the hardier kinds of Heaths ft-om the same 
quarter. Cultivated by Miller in 1768, in the Physic 
Garden at Chelsea. 

A small bushy shrub, seldom much more than a foot 
high, exhaling a very strong resinous smell, especially 
when rubbed or bruised, furred; branches villous, leafy. 
Leaves substantial, spreading, numerous, scattered, near, 
lanceolately oblong, slightly blunted, scarcely exceeding 
a quarter of an inch in length, flat with a slight rise 
on the upper surface where they are furnished with a few 
straggling hairs, fringed with longer hairs at the edge 
and along the underside of the midrib, paler under- 
neath with dotUke glands. Flowers small, terminal, con- 
vexly umbelled, often rosy red, sometimes nearly white: 
pedicles hardly longer than the flowers, reddish, straight, 
shag^ly furred, bespangled with crystallized resinous 
globules. Calyx twice shorter than the corolla, glandular/ 
ftirred, reddish below, greenish above, segments blunt 
thick. Petals campanulate, spreading, standing apart, 
ligulate, narrowishly spatulate, of one colour; lamina or 
blade oblong blunt fiat; unguis (claw or stand) linear vil- 
lous. Sterile Jilaments 5, one opposite to each petal, shorter 
than the corolla, petal-like, linearly ligulate> at the lower 



part hairy flat, at the upper convolutely concave, at the top 
hollowed like the bowl of a spoon and rounded. Fertile 
stamens 5, acquiring their due length in succession, over- 
topping the corolla, diffusely spread, at first replicate at 
the middle, gradually straightening: Jilaments setaceous, 
smooth : anthers small, upright, fixed on at the base, ovately 
rounded deep yellow. Germen green, smooth, set in a 
cupped disk, triply pointed, points dark: sti/le setaceous, 
white, smooth, placed amidst the points of the germen. 

Drawing done at Messrs. ColviUes, King*s Road, Chel- 
sea. 



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477 

MELALEUCA squamea. 
Scaly -branched Melaleuca. 



POLYADELPHIA ICOS^NDRIA, 

Nat, ord. MyRTI (MyRtacei). Jussieu gen. 322, Div. L florca in 
foliorum axillis aut in pedunculis multifloris oppositi. Folia plerumque opPO- 
sita ct punctata. 

MELALEUCA. Supr^ voL 2. fol 103. 



Div, Folia altema. 
M. squamect foUis ovatis lanceolatis acuminatis trinervibus: norellis ramu- 
lisque villosis, capitulis globosis pubescentibus, phalangibus fi-6-(9) 
andris: unguibus petalis breTioribus, Brown in HarL Kew, ed* 2. 
4- 412, 

Melaleuca squamea. Labillard. nov. kolL 2. 28. /. 168. 

Prutex erectus, subverHciUato-ramosus, ramis teretibuSf nwelUs viUosiM, 
Fol. tdm opposita qudm sparsa, patentissimaf iniervalHs longiora, elHptico v. 
avatO'ktnceolata, cuspidato-acuminata, nervo$a nervu paralleiis, brevimmi 
petiolata, novella villosa subtusqne kirstttiora, Flores beti Hlacini^ basi ra- 
muloYum in capitutum vihovatum v> globosum foliis fioralibm bteuicribm 
hirsutusimisconfertismbtensumcongesiiffoltoliMbracteaceis intersHncH. Cal. 
oblongus, turbinato-campanulatns, pallida virem, mblanato*mllo$us, segme^tis 
ovatis triangularibus erectisj intiis concavis saturate viridibus. Petala coroUsc 
lilacina, obovata, convoluto-concavay S-plo hremora staminibus, 2^^ ^' 
giora scgmentis calycis vet magiSf unguiculata, tnargine erosa* Phalanges 
stamineiS Hlacini, polyandri^ ungue brevissimo vel tiAnullo: anthenc /u/ece. 
Pistilla quanta coram habuimus abortiva v. ausa. 



F 



This lively flowered shrub is not uncommon in our 
greenhouses, though it has not yet been represented by any 
figure from the living plant. 

A native of Van Diemen's Island. Introduced by Mr. 
Brown in 1805. 

The specific name has been suggested by the peeling of 
the bark on the older branches of the plant in short scale- 
like strips along the intervals of the foliage. 

An upright shrub; branches produced nearly in whorls, 
round, young ones villous. Leaves both oppositely and 
scatteredly disposed, wide-spread, longer than the intervals, 
eiliptically or ovately lanceolate, long taper-pointed with 
parallel nerves, very shortly petioled, new ones villous more 
shaggily so underneath. Flowers of a lively lilac-red, pro- 
duced at the base of the new branches in subovate or globular 



heads subtended by crowded shorter and very shaggy floral 
leaves, separated one from the other by bractelike leaflets. 
Calyx oblong, turbinately campanulate, pale green with a 
woolly-villous fur; segments ovate triangular upright con- 
cave on the inside and deep green. Petals of the corolla 
lilac-red, obovate, convoluteiy concave, three times shorter 
than the stamens, three times longer than the segments of 
the cal3^ or more, unguiculate (i. e. with a narrow claw or 
stand), eroded at the edge. Stamineous fascicles 5 , of from 
5 to 9 stamens, lilac-red, with very short nearly obsolete 
stands: antlers yellow. AU the pistils we examined were 
imperfect. 

The drawing was taken in May, at the nursery of 
Messrs. Colville, in the King's Road, Chelsea. 



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478 

LYCHNIS fulgens 
Siberian Lyvhrns, 



DKCANDWA PBNTAOYNM. 

Nat. ord. Caryophyllb^. Jvmimgen, 299. JHv, V. CaWz tubn- 
loaus. Stamina 10 (alterna hypogyna, alterna a»pi^s e|Mpetala). S<yU duo 
aut tres aut quiuque, 

LYCHNIS. Ca/. tubulosus d-dentatus. Petala 5 unguiculata, limbo 
s^p^ fissa. Styli 5- Cotp*. 3^locu1aris S-valvis. Floret s^ corymboH 
t^rminales, raritts ^icato-paniculati, 6t- Ltchnite alpin4 et LtchkitB 
quadridenlatA inierd^ 4-^A\ in Lychnite dioick abtyriu dioiei. Fructuf 
in L, viscamL &-locutaris, in L. Here CucuM nnilocularis. Jusa, loc, cit. 302- 



l^ Julg€n$, hirsuta, floribus soUtariis, foliis oblongis. Sprengel eent. $p. pL 

minus cogn, 26. n. 55. 
LychDis fulgens. Fischer ined, (fid^ Spreng^ii). Cnrti^tmngnzi 2104. 

Herba hirtiiks tomentosa; caulis mbsesquipedalis erectus ramosisstmus, 
ramis supemis flonferis trichotomo-cymosiSf jtmibus bremssimi peduncuiatiSf 
medio singularum trichotomiarum ebracteuto, tateratibus bibracteatist bracteis 
calycem sub^quaniibus. Fol. opponta, decussato-distantiaf semliaj oblongo- 
ovata, acuminata, Cal. oblanffus, lanatus, ^ytindracetis, lO-aT^uhsa-pli- 
catus, int&$ glaber^ dentibus 5 acuminatis. Cot, attrantiaco-coccinea, dia- 
metro sesquiundali vel majori, limbo stellato-explanato; petala dorio cari- 
nata^ laminA cuneato-obcordatd ^Jida^ lobis imBqualissimis, mediis 2 mul- 
totih majaribus di&tantibas lineari-oblongig obtusisHmis apice denticuiato- 
erosiSf lateralibus duplo brevianhm, angustissimiSf line^ri-subulatis ; ung:ue 
mquante calycem, intOs margine lanato-citiato^ parUm breviare lamin4, 
CoTondLpede timbiposita, i paribus 5 squamularum dentiformium recufnben- 
tium igneo-rutilantium. Stajn, tubo subinserta, altSnd & tardiora, Spetalis 
iweria, 5 stipite germinis : antli. incumbentes, coccinetB* Styli Qsimplicis- 
simi, incbm. Germ, viride, gtabmm, oblm^um cobtmelld brevi inniiens. 



It is not an easy matter to point out in what respects 
this new and brilliant acquisition is to be discriminated from 
the well-known « Scarlet Lychnis " (L. ckalcedonica) ^ if we 
except the differences of dimension. In fulgens the leaves 
are broader and proportionately shorter, the stem is scarcely 
one third the height of that oi ckakedonica^ in fulgens the 
flowers are several times larger, and the two outer segments 
of the petals longer and more perfectly defined than in chal- 
ced<mica, where they are mere teethlike rudiments; \n ful- 
gens the branches which support the flowers are greatly more 
extended, and farther apart, thus ^ving an incomparably 
wider breadth to the inflorescence than in chalcedonicay 
where the flowers are nearly sessile, and very compactly 



disposed. In all other things the two are extremely alike; 
flower at the same time in the open ground; and probably 
belong to the same vegions; fulgens being specially stated 
to come from Siberia, ckalcedonica in a* more general way 
from Russia. 

The plant seems to have been originally observed by Dr. 
Fischer, by whom it was communicated to Professor Spren- 
gel, and by him first published in the tract we have quoted. 
It was raised by several of our nurserymen the year be- 
fore last fi'om seed ripened in the Berlin Garden. Plants of 
the first year seldom produce more than from one to three 
flowers. The dravring was taken from a plant of two years 
growth, which flowered in June, in the nursery of Messrs. 
Colville, in the King's Road, Chelsea. 

We should have observed, that the pubescence is softer 
and more curled in fulgens than in ckalcedonica. 



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479 

PANCRATIUM zeylanicum 
One-Jlmvered Sea-DaffbdiL 



HEXAXDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Nat ord. Narcissi. Jussieu^gen. 54, Die. //. Germen iDfenim. 

AmaryllidEjE. Brotcn prod, 1. 290. Sect, L 
PANCRA TIUM, Suprd vol S. JoL 221. 



4t. I, Florins petiolatU r. mbse$siHbu$: Umbo radiato: exdiurU geni$ 
coronm staminiferis* Nob. in jount. of scien. and tiie arts. 3. 317. 
P. zeylanicum, uninorum; foliis lorato-IanceolatiSf subtiks glaucis; laciniis 

corollee loDgioiibus tubo> supem^ revolutis; staminibus erecto-mcurreft- 

centibus. 
Pancratium zeylanicum. Xtn. ip. pL ed, 2. 1. 417- WiUd, tp. pL 2. 41. 

Hart. Kew. ed. 2. 2. 2T8. N(Ms in joum. of scien* and the arts. 3. 317* 
Pancratium tiaraeflorum. Parad, hmdin, 80. 
Narcissus zeylEuiicus^ flore albo hexagono odorato. Herm* iugdb. 691< /* 

693- ConimcL kort. amst. 1, 73. t. 38. 
LiliUm javanicum. Rumph- amboin, 0. 101. t. IQ.Jig, 2, 

Bulbus ovato^globosvs collo vaginosot diametro sesquiunciali. Folia 
bifaria, 3-12 (in cxemplaribus omwSms qutB vidimus 2-3), 6-12-imcia/ia, uM 
latiora undam transversa vel drcd^ costd media subtiis promiTiente* Scapus 
foliis brevioTy te}'eti-subcqmpres8us, striatus^ non glaucus. Flos aUms, gra* 
tissimi odorus, ampins, uncias 4f longns r. eircd, tenuis, tener, erectus, bre- 
vissime intra spatkam pedicellatus, Spatfaa folliculosa (v, latere altera de- 
hiscens), membranacea, lijiearirlanceolata, bracteolam pedicello brevi ap- 
pressam in se continens* Corollsc tubus vnciam unam parUm excedens, sub' 
virescens, Q-plo brevior limbo: limbus radiato-remlutuSf pro dimidio suoferi 
coroms adnatus, taciniis distantibus, Hnearibus, laterihus infeme replicatis: 
corona profundi cequaliterque Vl-Jida, rotata, lobulis per paria contiauis 
acuminatis sinubus staminiferis latioribus rotundatis distinctis. Hiam. 
parUm bt^eviora limbo, multoties longiora dentibtts corona, erecto-conniventta. 
Germ, viride, obhngum, duph brevius tubo, exangulosum, esulcatum, loculis 
biseriatim cumulateque polyspermis: stylus longitudinc coroUiB; stigma sim- 
plicissimum, puberulum. 



An exceedingly rare plant in our collections^ where in- 
deed we had never met with it till this sninmer, when several 
samples were in blossom at the same time in Mr. Griffin's 
hothouse at South Lambeth: where the bulbs bad been 
lately imported from the Island of Ceylon; the country to 
which the species belongs. 

Cultivated by Miller, at the Physic Garden, Chelsea, in 
1752; and had been most probably procured from tlie gar- 
dens in Holland. 

VOL. VI, O 



Bulb ovately round witli a sheathy neck, about an inch 
and a half in diameter. Leaves bifarious, lorately-lanceolate, 
in all the samples we saw from two to three, 6-12 inches 
long", about an inch broad at the widest part, glaucous at 
the under side with a projecting midrib. Scape one-flowered, 
shorter than the leaves, round and slightly compressed, 
streaked, not glaucous. Flower white, large, about four 
inches and a half long, thin and tender, upright, shortly 
stalked within the spathe. Spathe follicular (of one piece 
and opening on one side), membranous, linearly lanceolate, 
inclosing a very small closed-pressed bracte. Tube of the 
corolla but little above an inch long, greenish, three times 
shorter than the limb; limb radiate, adhering to the crowa 
for near half its length; segments distant, lineai*, revolute 
at the upper part, reflexed along that portion of their sides 
which adheres to the crown. Croion deeply and evenly 
twelve-cleft, rotate, lobes taper-pointed, contiguous by 
pairs, each pair separated from the other by a wider rounded 
stamenbearing sinus. Filaments upright, inclining inwards, 
little shorter than the limb, several times longer than the 
lobes of the crown. Germen green, oblong, twice shorter 
than the tube of the flower, uncornered, furrowless, with 
many seeds lying one upon the other in two rows ; style the 
length of the corolla; stigma a simple bluntish slightly 
pubescent point. 

A very desirable acquisition for the hothouse, where it 
requires little care, takes up only a small space, lasts some 
time in beauty, and is very sweet-scented. 



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480 



PLUMERIA bicolor. 

Bicolor Plumeria. 



rtNTANDKIA MO,\OGYNI^. 

NaU ord. APocYNEiE. Jussieu gen. 146. Biv. L Germen duplex. 
Fructus bifoUicularis. Semina non papposa. 

PLUMERIA, CaL minimus, quiaquefidus. Car. iufundibulirormis, 
tube teaui tereti; fauce esquamata; limbo iufuadibulifoimi, quinquepattitOj 
laciniis obliquis. Stamina basi tubi corollae inserta, inclusa> libera: antkera 
conniventes. Ovaria (germina) duo, annulo caraoso immersa: BtyH duo, 
breves: stigma incrassatum^ apice emarginatum. FoUiculi Teatricost, de- 
orsilm flexi: semina iaferne membranaceo*alata. Arbores out artmscula 
lactescentes. Folia magna^ altema, Integra et integerrima. Flares spe- 
etosi, temiinaleSf cargmbosi, incamatit roseif a&i et lutescentes. Kimth 
HOT. gea. et spec. 3. 229. 



P. Hcohr, foliis oblongia, acuminatis, marginibus planis^ corolla albo-lutea. 

Ruiz et Pav&nji. peruv. 2. 21. t. 14 L 
Plumeriaalba; 0,fragrans. Kuntk nov. gen. et spec. 3. 230; (Pi.uheria 

alb& LinniEi toto ccelo distatis)^ 
Yuraccarhuas Suche, Pemvianis. 

AihoT quinqtteorgyalis : truncus erectus, teres , cinereus, comd subrotundd 
magnS: rojni dichotomic crassi^ meduUosi, Folis, sparsa in summitatibus ra- 
mulorumt oblonga, acuminata, integerrima^ plana^ venosissima, Petioli 
bari biglandulosL Pedunculi terminaks, striati, glabn (in nostrd plantd 
lanuginosi v. subvillosi)^ vmltijloriy pediceUis bracteolis ovatis deciduis suj- 
/ulti, Flores corymboso-uml>eUatiy gemini^ Cal. viridis, quinquecrenatus. 
Cot, magna, albo-lutescens ; tubus curvatxis ; faux intensi lutea ; limbusalbo- 
tacteus. FoUiculi Inpalmares et ultrd, rubro-fttsci: semina /tticn, aid longd 
albicante. Ruiz et I^avon. loc. cit. 



We have been furnished with the sample of this rare 
plant through the kindness of Mr. Lambert ; who has culti- 
vated it for several years in his hothouse at Boyton, in 
Wiltshire, where it was introduced from Jamaica; most 
probably from some garden. It is a very different species 
from the Plumeria alba of Linngeus, which belongs to that 
Island. There the leaves are very narrow in proportion 
to their lengthj long-pointed, and revolute at the margins. 
As far as we can judge from the description and figure, we 
have scarcely a doubt that our plant is the Plumebia hicolor 
of the '* Flora Peruviana," as well as the plant intended 
by Messrs. Humboldt and Bonpland in the place we have 
quoted above. Not having seen the sample while fresh, 

o 3 



nor had an opportunity of comparing it with rubi'a, \re are 
not prepared to say in what respects the two differ beyond 
colour. However hoth Mr. Lambert and Mr. Donn his 
librarian, who have observed them while growing together 
in the hothouse, believe the two to be essentially distinct. 

We should observe, that the stalks of the inflorescence 
are described as smooth or bare in the bicolor of the Flora 
Peruviana; in our specimen they were slightly villous or 
downy, the down being however very slightly attached and 
tender, probably deciduous? 

The blossom is delightfully fragrant. 

The shrub, or rather tree, is said to grow to the height 
of about forty feet in its native place. The young wood 
abounds with a milky juice, is soft and pithy. 

Native of South America. 



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481 

CALYCANTHUS laevigatus. 
Dark-flmvered scentless Allspice. 



ICOSANDRIA POLYGYRIA. 

Nat. md. Calycanthe^, Lindley Supr^ vol. 5. fol. 404. 
CALYCANTHUS. Supri vol. 5. fol. ^m. 

C UEvigatus, foliis oblongis sensim acuminatis, subrugosis, utrinque viridi- 

bus glabris : ramis strictissiinis. Lindley MSS. 
Calycanthus laevigatus. Willd. kort. beroL 1. 80. /. 80. JEjutd. enum. 1. 

559. Pursh amer. sept. 1. 358. 
Calycanthus fertilis. Andrews's reposit. 539; (pessimi). 
Calycanthus ferax. Mickanx bor. amer. 1. 305 ; (fide Purth.) 

Frutex Calycantho fertili (supr^ vol. 5. fol. 404,) similUnna; ted 
rami strictwres, folia oblonga, semim acuminata, utrinque viridia nee ntbt^ 
glauca ; flores colore multot^s mteruiore, odore tamen tequi carentes ; peri- 
anthii lacinia ajigustiores quanddque semiexpania. Fnictus ignotut. Lind- 
ley MSS. 



For this very uncommon species of Allspice, we have to 
thank Mr. Sabine, by whom a sample was obligingly com- 
municated from the garden of his residence at North 
Mimms, in Hertfordshire. 

Native of North America, and veiy like Calycanthus 
fertilise which forms the subject of the 404th article of this 
publication. The principal differences between the two 
species consist in the leaves of the present plant being much 
more acuminate (taper-pointed) than those of Calycanthus 
fertilis, and destitute of that glaucous hue, so remarkable 
on the under side of those of the latter as well as of the 
well-known Carolina Allspice (CALYCANTHus^^irftwr;. The 
flowers of Icevigatus are also much darker than in fertilis^ 
and the segments much narrower, but in both differ from 
those offloridus in being destitute of all fragrance. 

It sometimes happens that the flowers partially expand ; 
but we have never observed them open so completely as 
they appear to have done in the sample from which the pre- 
sent figure was drawn. Lindley MSS. 




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482 

TRADES CANTIA fuscata 

Stemless Spiderwort. 



HEXANDRIA MONOOYSIA. 

Nat. ord. CoMMELiNE^. Brown prod. 1. 268. 

TRADESCANTIA. Cal. 3-phyUus, aqualis, pewistens. Cor. 9- 
petala, sequalis. Stamina Jilamentorum pilis arUculatis. Stybis simplex, 
Mtigmate tubuloso. CapsuUi supera, trilocularis: aemina pauca dorso vel 
latere embtionifera. Gartn. sem. 1. 51. 

HerbcB. Folia basi vaginantia, altema, nervis parailelis. InTolucnim 

conduplicatum foliiforme, inflorescentiam longi exsupera?is, v. bracteola ob~ 

*oleta, V. plani nulmm. Flores epftetneri, modd biseriato-diatachyi monoita- 

ekyiiXt rard tolitaHi: bracteis interstincti. Genus tmwinb extraeuropea- 
num. 



T. yifscato, acaulis, ferrugineo-birsuta; foUis ellipticis acuminatis pedaaciilif- 

que l-3-fiori3 ? radicatibua. 
Tradescantia fuscata. Loddigesa hot. cab. 

Acaulis. Folia plura, lata, crassimcula, radicalia, ambientia, recum- 
bentia, patentia, ^^uncialia v. ultrd, lancedlato-ellipticd v. ovata,ferru~ 
gineo-hispida nervis Umgitudinalibut utrinque convergentibus, pabetcentiA 
A prono densiUs hirxutd: petioli breves, canahculato-canvoluti »ubtti» hispi- 
disshni. Fedunculi radicates, ISl-Jiori mult^ brevioresfoHis, erectif 
pidi. CaXyx ferrugineo-hirtus, segmentia oblongis. GeDitalia alba. 



The C&mmeUnece, of which the present genus is a co- 
ordinatCj were compi-ised in the Juncece of Jussieu, but have 
been since detached by Mr. Brown, and the group defined 
by the following character. Calyx three-parted. Corolla 
of three petals, with the ungues sometimes connate (united). 
Stamens six or sometimes fewer, bypogynous (inserted be- 
low the pistil), a part of them often either antherless or 
with othershaped anthers. Germen 2-3-celIed, with few- 
seeded cells: style single: stigma single. Capra/c 2-3-celled, 
2-3-valved, valves septiferous (partitionbearing) along their 
middle: seeds generally two, and inserted at the inner 
angle of the cell. Embryo trochleate (puUied or like a 
short cylinder constricted at the middle), sunk in a hollow 
of the solid-fleshed albumen opposite the umbilicus. All 
the genera consist of herbaceous plants with leaves that are 
generally sheathing at the base. 

Tradescantia differs from Commelina in having six 
uniform anthei-s. 



Although the type of this singular genus is not repre- 
sented by one species within the bounds of Europe; yet 
owing to the long standing popularity of the Common Vir- 
ginian Spidervrort (Tradescantia virginicaj, a nearly uni- 
versal ornament of our flower-borders for almost two centu- 
ries, its features are as familiar to Europeans as those of any 
one of their native flowers. 

The present species has been newly observed; being 
said to have been introduced about three years ago fi-om 
the Brazils. The drawing was taken the summer before 
last from a^ample that flowered in the hothouse in Mr. 
Lee's nursery at Hammersmith. It is remarkable for hav- 
ing no appearance of any stem ; and being covered throngh- 
out (except at the corolla) by a rough tawny-brown fiir, 
thickest at the underside of the foliage. The leaves broad, 
thicysb, radical, several, ambiently scattered, recumbent, 
spreAdingj about three or four inches long or perhaps more, 
lan^eolately elliptical or ovate, fur rusty-brown, hispid, 
thickest at the underside of the leaf, nerves lon^tudinal 
converging at each end. Petioles short, convolutely chan- 
nelled; peculiarly hispid underneath. Peduncles hairy, ra- 
dical, l-3?-flowered, uprightj much shorter than the leaves. 
Ca^ya; hispid ; segments oblong. Stamen and pistil white. 






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483 

ANCHUSA itaUca. 
Italian Bughss. 



PENTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Nat ord. BorraginejE. Jussieu gen. 128- JHv, IV. Fnictiw gym- 
notetraspennus. Faux corollse instnicta 5 squamis calcanim instar cavis, 
intra corollam prominulis in ejusdem laciniarum basi, extrk hiulcis. Herbte 
pierumque asperifoluB, 

BORAGINE-E, Brown prod. 1. 4^, 
ANCHUSA* CaL S-fidus s, 5-partitus. Cor, infundibuliformis, fauce 
clau3a fomicibus erectis, obtusis. Nuces 4, uniloculares, turbinatae^ fuodo 
calycis affixse, basi concavse perforat£e. Lekmann asperifol. 1- 211. 



Div. /. Calycibus b-partitis in ftuctu erectis; coroUU in pluribui i$msgna' 

libus* Lehm* I. c* 
A. itaHca^ caule erccto ramoso, foliis lanceolatis undulatis strigosis lucidis, 

racemis conjugatis divaricatis panicula4is bracteatis, calycibus tubo co- 

rollse subsequalis longioribus: laciniis subulatis, fomicibus penicillifonQi- 

bus. Lehmann asperifoL 1. 230; (siA AncuusA paniculate). 
Anchusa italica, lietz, obs, 1. 12; (emus exemplar prototypum in Herb. 

Banks,) Trewpl rar. 14. t 18- WiM. »p. pi \. 756. Ejuid. enum, 

1- 178- Hort Kew, erf. 2. 1. 289. 
Anchusa panieulata. Lehmann loc. cit. exclusis BorL Kew. synonymisgue 

omnibus adptantam madeirensem orienialetnque referentibus. 
Buglossum foliis linguiforniibus asperis^ spicis supremis gemellis. Hall. helv. 

n. 599; (exclusis synonymis)* 
Buglossum italicum flore ca^ruleo Beslen. Hort eystet ^esHv. ord. Q.foL 5, 
Buglossa vulgaris. Ger. cmac. 798; cumic. 

Caulis ei'ecivs, strictns^ teretiuscalus, 2-3-pedalis et longior^ ramosus, 
uti totaplanta hispidns: pilis patentibus rigidis^ tuberculis callosis insiden- 
tibus. Rami patenteSf in racemos abeuntes. Folia radicalia e( caulina inte- 
riora petiolatay in petiolura supra planum' attenuata, lanccolaia, acuta, 
undulata; supenord^ sessilia ; summa iflsi cordato-maia et ultrd medium in 
acumen attenuata; omnia ntrinque strigosa, profundi vhidia^ sublucida. 
Racemi caulem et ramos terminantes, bipartiti flore cenirali in dicltotomia 
bracteis lincaribvs longitudine pedicellornm adsperBi, laxi, divaricati^ in 
summo cante paniculam constitnentes, Pedicelli erectO'secundi^ distantefi. 
Calyces longitudine pcdiceltomm, piloso-hispidi, tuque ad basin b-par tit i: 
ladniis subulatis in<Equalibus. Cor, aerulea v. vio/acea; tubus cylindricns 
calyce brevior; limbus patens 5-partitus, laciniis inccqmlibus obovatis ro- 
tundato-obtush. Fornices erecti, penicilliformes. Nuces 4, ovato*oblonq^, 
reticulato-rug&sa, basi margine turgido cmctte. Lehmann loc. cit, sub A^- 
CKVS A panieulata. 



A species judiciously distinguished from officinalis and 
angustifolia by Iletzius, whose prototype specimen is pre^ 
served in the Banksian Herbarium; where we find also tiiat 



VOL, VI. 



from which paniculata of the Hortus Kewensis was insti- 
tuted. The first belongs to the South of Europe, the seed 
of the latter was brought from the Island of Madeira by Mr. 
Masson; yet the two have been subsequently united into a 
same species by Sir James Smith, as editor of the Flora 
Grjeca, and by M. Lehmann in a late Monograph of this 
tribe of plants. In our judgment the Levant plant of the 
Flora Grseca is plainly the same as the Madeira one; but 
on the other hand both appear to us distinct from italica, 
the European plant, which is taller and of a more succulent 
habit, with broad upper cauline leaves ovate and conspicu- 
ously cordate (indented) at the base, a circumstance which 
does not belong either to the specimen of the Madeira plant 
or to the Levant one, if we are to judge from the figure in 
the Flora Grseca, while it is most obvious both in Retzius's 
specimen and in the excellent figure of italica in Trew's 
work. The distinction relied on by the learned editors of 
the Hortus Kewensis to separate paniculata from italica^ as 
well as from all others of the genus, viz. that the segments 
of the calyx are parted from each other down to the bottom, 
certainly does not hold good in regard to italica, where the 
calyx is parted as far as in paniculata. Notwithstanding 
this, we have thought it safer to keep the two distinct, 
because of the other differences we have stated. 

We know by Gerarde, that it was cultivated here in 
1597. 

A hardy biennial plant. Stem straight, roundish, from 
two to three feet high or more, branching, like the rest of 
the plant covered with a hard bristly fur, the hairs of which 
are spreading, and stand upon a callous tubercle. Branches 
spreading, terminating in racemes. Radicle and lower cau- 
line leaves petioled, tapering downwards to a petiole which 
is flat at the upper side, lanceolate, pointed, undulate; 
upper ones sessile; topmost ones cordately ovate at the base 
and tapering to a point from above the middle; all of them 
stiffly furred, of a deep green, and rather shining. Racemes 
terminal, bipartite with a single flower in the fork, loose, 
divaricate, forming a panicle at the top of the stem, beset 
with linear bractes of the length of the pedicles; pedicles 
upright and pointing one way, standing wide apart. Calyx 
the length of the pedicle, hispid (stiffly furred), five-parted 
down to the base; segments subulate, unequal. Corolla 



blue or violet coloured: tube cylindrical, shorter than the 
calyx; limb spreading, five-parted, segments unequal obo- 
vate, rounded at the end. The jive faucial appendages 
upright, pencilled. Nuts 4, ovately oblong, reticulately 
wrinkled, surrounded at the base by a protuberant rim. 



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484 

GOMPHOLOEIUM grandiflonnn 

Large-Jlowered Air-pod, 



Nat, ord. Leguminos^. Jusdeu gen. 345. Div. IV. Corolla irregu- 
laris papilionacea. Stamina distincta, aiit rar6 basi coalita. Legumen uai- 
loculare bivalve- Arbores aut frutices; folia simplicia aut ternata aut im- 
paripinnata,=PAPiLiONACE^. Brimn in append, to Flind. voy, 2, 652. 

GOMPHOLOBIUM. Cal 5-partitus, subiequaiis. Cor, papilionacea, 
vexillo explanato. Stigma simplex, Legumen polyspermum, subsphftri- 
cum, obtusissimum (glabrum), Brovm in Hort. Kew. ed. 2. 3. 11, 

Frutices (Anstraliw) facie rigidaatque hevt. Folia temata v.pinnafa. 
StipulsB e foliolis duobus minutissimis planix acutis appressist nee ut in 
PULTEN^S intrafoliaceiSy sed petiolum communem utrtnque ad basin tii- 
pantibuSf hand rard omnino dejicipntibus, Vloren flavi (v. purpurastxntei^) 
plerHmque numerosi, ampii, upeciosi. Smith in Rees's cyclop, (ex angljco 
verso). 



G, grandi^orujn, iohisiematis, linearibus, rectis^ ramisangularibus^ glabris; 

carinA imberbi. Smith exot, hot. l, 7. tab, 5; (ex angL vers.) 
Gompholobium grandiflorum. Smith in trans, linn. soc. 9, 249, Id, in ann, 

of hot. \, 505; et in Reess cyclop, in loco. Sweet hort, suburb. Itmd, 90. 
Gompholobium, Smith in trans- linn, soc, 4, 220, 

Rami angulosi^ gtahriy foliosi. Folia altema, temata^ lineariaj an- 
gusta^ revoluta^ Integra^ glabra, stricta^ mucronaia. Stipulse parvcs. 
Flores lutei, speciosi ; racemi 2'^fiori^ ramorum lateralinm terminales, 
bracteS parvd concavd squamiformi ad basin cuinsque pedicelli. Calyx 
magnus, coriaceus, glaber, land subtili ciliatus, vexillum amplum. Al« 
carinaque dipetala plurimim minores. Stamina omnia disiincia, tim- 
pliciat glabra, longitudine subiTuequalia. Germen oblongum, glabrum, 
brevitir stipitatum. Stylus subulatus^ simplex^ persistens: stigma acutum. 
Legumen ^/o6asum, rigidum, ^ valvulis duobus inJiatiSf loculounico: semina 
plura, brevitir pedicellata seciis suturam siiperiorem annexa. Smith exot, 
bot, loc- cit, (ex angi, versum). 



" The habit of Gompholobium is marked by the com- 
pound (ternate or pinnate) leaves, and a certain aspect of 
rigidity and smoothness. The stipnlas are not intrafoliace- 
ons as in Pulten^ea, but stand on each side of the base of 
the common footstalk, being a pair of acute flat close- 
pressed leaves, extremely minute and often altogether want- 
ing. The flowers are yellow (or purple) generally nume- 
rous, large and handsome. All the species as far as 
hitherto known, are natives of New Holland.*' Smith in 
Hees^s cyclop, article Gompholobium. 



The technical character of the genus is deduced by Mr. 
Brown from tlie five-parted nearly equal calyx, flatly ex- 
tended vexillum and subglobular pointless smooth many- 
seeded pod. 

The drawing of the present species was made from a 
plant raised in Mr. Griffin's conservatory at South Lambeth 
from New Holland seed, and is the first taken in this coun- 
try. It is not recorded in the last edition of the Hortus 
Kewensis; and is still exceedingly scarce. We have adopted 
the following account from Sir James Smith's work, having 
missed the opportunity of seeing the blossom. 

" GoMPHOhOBWM grandiflorum, remarkable for its showy 
yellow flowers, is a shrub three feet in height, found in a sandy 
soil and flowering in October. The branches are angular, 
smooth, leafy. Leaves alternate, 3 on a footstalk, linear, 
narrow, revolute, entire, smooth, very stifle and straight, 
tipped with a sharp straight point. Stipules small. Flowers 
2 or 3 at the end of each lateral branch on simple smooth 
footstalks, with a small concave scaly bractea at the base of 
each stalk. Calyx large, coriaceous, smooth, except a fine 
woolly fringe at its edge. Standard very large, flings 
and heel very much smaller, of two petals each. Stamens 
all distinct, simple, and smooth, somewhat unequal in 
length. Germen on a short stalk, oblong, smooth. Style 
awl-shaped, simple, with a sharp stigma, permanent. Pod 
globose rigid, of 2 inflated valves, and one cell. Seeds se- 
veral, ranged along the upper suture of short stalks." 
Smith exot, hot. 1, 7. 

The GoMPHOLOBiuM grandiflorum of Andrews's Reposi- 
tory is the G. polymorphum of Mr. Brown in the Hortus 
Kewensis. 

AH the species are shrubby greenhouse plants. 



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485 

P^ONIA albiflora. /. fragrans. 
Double sweet-scented Chinese Pcetmy. 



POLYANDRIA DIGYNIA.- (PENTAGYNIA?) 

Nat. ord. Ranunculaceje. Decand. syst nat. 1. 127. Dw. II. Ra- 

minculacea; spiirijE, Nempi antheris introrsis dtmata. 
P^ON/A. Supr^ «o^ 5./oZ. 379. 



P. albifia:-c, herbace?,, capsulis glabris, recurvatis, foliis biteniatim sectis, 

sepaentis glabris nitidis tripartitis, lobis ovato-lanceolatis. Decand. syst. 
nat. 1. 392. 

Paeonia albiflora. Synonyma supr^ vol. i. fol. 42. videnda, 

(i) fragrans. Anderson in Linn, trans. 12. 260. 

Double sweet-scented cbinese Paeony. SaUne in hort. trans. 2. 278; cum 

tab. pict. 



For the general account of this species we shall refer our 
readers to the first volume of the present publication, where 
P^ONiA albiflora is the subject of the forty-second article. 

We are obliged to Mr. Sabine for a samplcj and the fol- 
lowing account of the variety before us. . 

" Of the double varieties of P^onxa albifiota, this was 
the first introduced into this country ; it has been cultivated 
in the Botanic Garden at Kew from 1805, but did not be- 
come general in the London nurseries for some years after- 
wards, and is still the least common of any." 

" Another double Paeony, similar to this in colour, was 
imported from China in 1810 by Sir Abraham Hume. That 
is a plant altogether of a more robust habit and with leaves 
more strongly wrinkled than, in the one before us. The 
present however possesses a veiy pleasing fragrance, remind- 
ing us of the Rose, and is so far superior to its rival." 

" A single variety has been already figured in the Bo- 
tanical Register, and notwithstanding the apparent ob- 
jection to the specific name, from the flower of some of the 
varieties diifering in colour from their prototype sample, I 
have not changed it ; not only in regard to its priority, but 
also in deference to the authority of the late Mr. George 
Anderson, in whose elaborate Monograph of the genus, 
published in the Transactions of the Linnean Society, the 
original name has been retMned. M. De CandoUe has also 



I 

retained the title albiflorn for the species in his Systeina 
Naturale Regni Vegetabilis, though he was not aware of 
Mr. Anderson's Monograph when his work was put to 
press." 

" I have subjoined, from Mr. Anderson's Treatise, an 
enumeration of all the known varieties of the species." 



" P^oNivE alhiflorce varietates adhucdum notse. 






" (a.) vestalis. Andrews^s reposit. 64. 
" (j3.) Candida. 

" (y.) tatarica. Sapra voi. 1. fol. 42. Salisb. Paradisus Loud. 78. 
" (j.) sibirica. 

((.) rube seen 8. 

(^.) uniflora. Curttis magaz. 1756. 
" (i.) Whitleji, flore pleno. Andreics^s reposit. 012. 

" (6.) Humxi, — CuTtis's magaz. 1768. 

" (».) fragrans, Hort. trans, vol. 2, pi. 18." 

Sabine MSS. 

Mr. Sabine, from whose plants the descriptions in Mr. 
Anderson's Treatise were taken, has long cultivated all the 
known species and varieties of this magnificent genus in his 
garden at North Mimms, in Hertfordshire ; from which 
source the gardens of his friends and that of the Horticul- 
tural Society, have been supplied, and several complete col- 
lections derived from the original ones are still in existence. 

Thirteen species of the genus have been recorded in the 
work of Mons. DecandoUe. All belong to the northern 
hemisphere, and are found from Portugal to China, but not 
where either cold or heat is extreme. America is not known 
to produce any. 



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486 

CACTUS speciosissimus. 
Crimson-flowered Torch- thistle. 



ICOSANDRIA MONOGYNiA. 

Nat ord. Cacti> Jttssieu gen. 310. Div. II, Petala et stamina indfl- 

finita. 

NoPALEffi. Jussien med. (fide Decand. tk&ar. 240. «. 05.) 
CACTUS. Supra vol ^. foL 13% 



XHv. Cerei ; erecH (stantes per se), 
C< medosissimuSf caule erecto^ 3-4^gODo; angulis dentatis; flore campanu. 

fato-patcDte, genitalibus declinatis, Desfontaine$ m m^. du mia, d'hut- 

nat. 3. 190, tab, 9. 
Cactus speciosissimus. Sweet hart, sub. hmd. 109. n. 17. 
Cactus speciosus. Willd. enum* mppL 31; (mm alwrumt qui mpri voL 4. 

fol. 304. vidcTtdus). - 

Caules plures^ recti, camosi, verticales, trigoni tetragtmique, rimpHces, 
pariimque divisi, bi-tripedales diametro uni-biunciali cramtudine nequaquam 
tequabili, faciebus Uembus canaliculato-amcavu^ angulis sufinnuafu dentatU 
dente quoque aculeis fasciculatis divergentibus inmqvaUbus Htetcentibus 
nuncve fuscescentibus tomeiUo alba brevi dense cinctis armato. Flores inodari, 
horizontales v. mbnutantes, ad angnhs caulinos, Cal. TncnephyUus, multi- 
partitus, segmentis ad oram membranosiSf in disco virentibus, exterioribus 
ovalibns minoribus, interioribus lanceolatis cancavis inaqnatibus roseo-adum- 
brati, CoT.patenSf campanulata, subsesuncialis diametro feri pari: petala 
20-25, punicea, mmmo calgci adnata, exteriora lanceolata acuta, interiora 
ehngato-ovalia, latiora. Stamina numerosa: filamenla gradlia, teretia, 
alba, roseo-adumbrata, decUnata, Jasciculato-cenvergentia, uti petaia summo 
calyci adnata^ inferiora superiorUms scTisim iongiora petalisgue stdwgualia: 
antherai obhnga, parvuke, d bast affi^x:^, polline h sphcBTulis albis granutoio. 
Stylus crassiusculus, roseus, declinatus, teres^ staminibus inferioribus brevior ; 
stigniatalO, alba, gradlia, pauld patentia, per paria approximata. Ger- 
men cjflindricum, uni-biundale, oMter sulcatum, ad angum i squamutis ob- 
tusis sit^uHs aculeolarum setacearum fascicule armatis squarrosum. Des- 
font^es ioc. cit. (ex galHco versum). 



This splendid-flowered plant has been recently added to 
our collections by the Comtesse de Vandes, and blossomed 
for the first time in the hothouse of the well-ordered bo- 
tanic establishment of that lady at Bayswater, where our 
drawing was made in July last. The flower is not only 
beautiful, but has the additional advantage of enduring 
several days in perfection. It is said to have been first 
procm'ed at Paris from the national garden at Madrid by the 
Comte de Salm, and is supposed to have been originally de- 
rived from Mexico. 



VOL. Vf. 



The order Cacti, of Jussieu, has been lately divided into 
Nofpaleos and Qrosmlarice. 

Stems several from one stock, straight, fleshy, upright, 
three and four cornered, simple, but little branched, 2-3 
feet high, 1-2 inches in diameter, of unequal thickness, 
sides smooth channelled, angles shallowly sinuous, notched, 
furnished at the under edge of each notch with a pencil of 
unequal diverging tawny or brownish spines, set in a short 
dense cottony tuft. Flowers without scent, horizontal or 
slightly nodding, produced at the angles of the stems. Calyx 
of one piece, multipartite, segments membranous round the 
periphery, green at the disk, outer oval smaller, innei- lanceo- 
late, concave, of different sizes, shaded with rose-colour. 
Corolla spreading, campanulate, about six inches long and 
nearly of the same width: petals from twenty to twenty-five, 
crimson, attached to the neck of the calyx, outer lanceolate 
pointed, inner long-oval broader. Stamens very numerous: 
filaments slender, filiform, white shaded with rose-colour, 
declining, converging fasciclewise, as well as the petals at- 
tached to the neck of the calyx, under ones gradually longer 
than the upper and about the length of the petals: anthers 
small, oblong, fixed at the base to the point of the filament: 
follen white, granular, grains globular. Style thickish, 
rose-coloured, declining, cylindrical, shorter than the un- 
dermost stamens: stigmas ten, white, slender, slightly 
spreading, disposed in contiguous pairs. Germen cylindri- 
cal, from one to two inches long, slightly furrowed, beset 
at the angles with small obtuse slightly raised scales, each 
of which is furnished with a small pencil of bristlelike 
spines. 

The above description is a version from the excellent 
one in french by Professor Desfontaines. 



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487 

BERBERIS sibirica 

Siberian Barberry. 



HEXANDRIA MONOQYNiA. 

Nat, ard, Berberides* Jussieu gen. 286. 

BERBERIS. CuL 6-phylIu3 eitas 3-bracteatus- Pet. 6 un^e intila 
2-glanduIpso, calycinis foliolis opposita. StylttsO; $tigma latum orbicula- 
tum. Bacca parva, ovata aut rariila subspnericea^ 1-IocuIaris 2-3-sperma. 
Frutices; folia altema, s<sp^ altematim faseieutata, fa$ciculo sguamis im- 
bricatis basi cincto et subtus spinS simplici aut partttd pkrumqne stipato; 
flores e medio fasciculo spicati, aut rariiis mbcorymboBi solifariive nt in 
Magellanicis Comtners.t pedicellis basi l-bracteolatis^ Staminum JiUimenta 
fflandutis petalorum implidta elastic^ solvuntur. Juss. 1. c. 



B. sibirica, pedunculis unifloris solitariis, foIiiB obovatis ciliatodentatis. 

WiUd. arb. 36. 
Berberis sibirica. Pallas itin> 2. append, 737. n. 108. tab. V.fig. 2. Ejnsd. 

TOSS, 2. 41; (intextu). Murr, in commentaU goett, G. (1784) 87. t, 6, 

Willd, sp. pL 2- 229. Hort. Kew. ed. 2. 2. 314. 
Berberis altaica. Pallas toss, 2. 41. /. &l; (in icone), 

Fruticulus i^ssuris rupium excelsarum procrescens, spitltanuens v> peda- 
Kb, raro majors nunquam sesquipedali altior, crassiUe vix digiti mtnctis, 
rigiduSf atteme ramosus, erectus^ liguo citrino^ cortice extiis gtiseo striata, 
intHs itidem Jlavissimo, sub singula ramulo vel gemm& spina (sUpulaspiiii- 
formis Munay.) palmata-ramosa, b-fida^ 4rjida v. ^Jida^ in ramos divari- 
catos et stiiatas setaceas rigidos divisa. Folia h gemmis v. spinarran alts fas- 
dculatUy oblanga, dentibus setaceis distantihis ciliata. In plantis i semine 
educatis folia langc petiolata, snborbiculata, ciliata. Flores intet' folia soli- 
tarii pedunculo undo, cetmui, subglobosi, majores gvdm in Berber IDE 
vulgari. Calyx exterior triphyllus, virescenti-fiavus : interior corolla major 
et latior, totidem foliolis coloratis. Cor. sexpetala intensiusjlava. Bacc^e 
cemucBy majores et majus ovatce quam in Berberide yul^n^ stigmatefun- 
giformi urnbiticatcB, mberrimm, grate acidce, continentes semina 5 ablonga 
hinc compressa^ grisea, gustu acerbo, Pallas ross. I. c- 



A curious species of Barberry, known among the Mogol 
Tartars by the name of Schar^m6don, or Yeliow-Wood, 
and applied by them to the purposes of both superstition 
and medicine. 

Native of the Altaic Mountains on the confines of ChiuK, 
of Dauria, and other districts of the Oriental portion of the 
Russian dominions. Said by the Chevalier Pallas to grow 
from the crevices of the highest rocks, and seldom to ex- 
ceed a foot in height. 

The drawing was taken from a sample which flowered 
in June last, at the nursery of Messrs. Malcolm and Co. at 

Q 2 



Kensington, where it was preserved in a small garden-pot, 
in a pit. 

Introduced by Sir Joseph Banks in 1790. 

A stiff upright diminutive shrub, from nine inches to a 
foot and half high at most : stem scarcely of the thickness of 
the little finger; branches alternate; wood lemon-coloured; 
bark grey or ash-coloured, deep yellow on the inside. Each 
branch or bud is subtended by a palmately pronged thorn 
(thorny stipule according to Murray) with 3-4- or 5 divari- 
cated streaked subulate stiff prongs. Leaves fascicled, from 
the axil of the thorns, obovately oblong, widely dentate, cili- 
ate; in young seedling plants suborbicular, long-petioled, and 
ciliate. Flowers between the leaves, solitary, upon a naked 
peduncle, cemuous, larger than in the Common Barberry. 
Outer calyx (3 hractes) of three pieces greenish yellow; 
inner (true calyx) larger and broader than the corolla, 
consisting of as many leaflets as there are petals. Corolla 
of six deep yellow petals, fiem'ej cemuous, larger and 
of a more ovate form than in the Common Barberry 
(Berberis vulgaris), surmounted by the permanent mush- 
room-shaped stigma, deep red, of a gratefully acid flavour: 
seeds five, oblong, flattened on one side, grey or ash- 
coloured, of a rough sour taste. 










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488 

PASSIFLORA ceerulea. 
Common Passionflower. 



MONADELPHIA PENTANDRIA. 

Nat ord. Passiflore^. Jussieu in ann. du mush. 6. 102. 
PASSIFLORA. Supra vol, 1. fol. 13. 



Div. Foliis muUyidis. 
P. asruha, foliis palmatis quinquepartitis iotegerrimis, petiolis glandulosis, 
involucro triphyllo integerrimo, iflis coronae coroM brevioribus. Willd. *». 
pi 3. 623. ^ 

Passiflora cserulea. Linn. sp. pL ed. 2. 2. 1360. ArMsn. acad. 1. 231./^. 
20. Mill. diet. ed. 8. n. 2. Lamarck encyc. 3. 39. Cavan. diss. 10. 
461. t. 295. Curtis's magaz. 28. Miss Lawrance's Passimfi. Willd. 
enum. 2. 696. Sort. Kew. ed. 2. 4. 154. 

Granadilla pentaphyUos^ flore caeruleo maeno. JDuham. orb. 1. 272. tab. 
107. 

Clematis quinquefolia americana s. Hos Passionis. Ro6. ic. 



We have availed ourselves for the present article of a 
drawing of this favourite flower, made some years ago 
by Mr. Sydenham Edwards, for an engraving intended to 
be distributed amongst his friends, it appearing to us the 
best representation of the subject to be found in any work of 
this nature. 

Ccerulea, the Brazilian species, though now the com- 
monest of all exotic climbei'S in use for ornament, is of 
considerably later introduction than incarnata, the only 
other plant of the genus that will live with us in the open 
air ; the earliest notice of the first in this country dating 
from about 1699, of the latter from as far back as 1629. 

The plant by which the type of this curiously configured 
genus made its first appearance in the south of Europe, 
some few years before any one had reached our country, we 
are persuaded from the contemporary figures done in Italy, 
was that which forms the 152d article of this publication, 
and belongs to South America, whence it was brought to 
Naples by a Spanish Viceroy on his return from Peru. The 
one which first appeared in our gardens, on the other hand, 
we believe to have been the North American plant of the 
332d article of this work. We shall not dispute the pro- 
priety of discriminating the two in the way they have been 



by Mr. Sabine In the Horticultural Transactions, where the 
incarnata [i of this work is denominated Passiflora edulis. 

Ccerulea is a climbing shrub, extending itself (with sup- 
port) to the height of twenty feet or more: branches dark 
green, cylindrical, smooth, slightly cornered at the upper 
part. Leave* alternate, pretty large, green, smooth, palmate, 
5-sometimes 6- and even 7-lobed, lobes ovally oblong, quite 
entire and bluntish at the top: "petiole smooth biglandular. 
-Tendrils axillary, simple. Stipules semilunar, rounded at the 
outer edge and entire, setaceously mucronate downwards. 
Peduncles axillary, solitary, oneflowered. Flowers at least 
three inches in diameter, subtended by a threeleafletted in- 
volucre; leaflets oval, concave, entire, pale green. Seg- 
ments of the calyx 5, oblong, mucronate, dark green on the 
outside, white on the inside. Petals white, oblong, of the 
same size as the calycine segments. Crown radiate, not so 
large as the corolla, blue towards the extremities of its rays, 
purplish at the base, white in the middle. Fruit ovate, 
about the size of an apricot or large plum, orange-yellow 
when ripe. 

w 

The shrub is covered with a succession of bloom from 
July till the autumnal frosts set in. 

The above description is chiefly from the French of the 
excellent Encyclop^die of the Chevalier Lamarck. 

There is a variety in our gardens with the lobes of^ the 
leaves greatly narrower than those of the present. It has 
been sometimes taken for another species. 



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469 



MARSDENIA suaveolens. 

Sweet-scented Marsdenia. 



PENTANDRIA J^XGYNI^. 

Nat. ord, AscLEPiADE^. Brown in mem. wem. toe, I, 19. tt Muprd 
voL %foh 111. Div, L Asci^ptadej^ Verje. Brown locc* ci«'. 

MARSDENIA, Car. urceolata, 5-fida, nunc subrotata. Corona sia- 

minea 5-phyIla, foliolis compressjs indirisis, intils simplicibus. AiitkenE 

membrana tenuinatse. MassiB PollinU erectae, basi affix^e, FoUiculi l^res. 

Semina comosa. SuffiruHces, saipius vohthilet. Folia oppoiita, kttitueula, 

plana. CyitUB nwic thyrsi interpetiolarei. Stigma scepiOs muticumy guandd- 

gue rostratum, rostra indiviso v. bifida. Brown in loc. cit, 28- et in prod- 
460- ^ 

Obs. Pergulari^ forsan nimls affinis, quse diversa tantummod6 foliolis 
coronse stamineae int^s lacinulA auctis. Brown L c* 



Div* I. Stigma muticum. Marsdenim vera, 
a^ Maveolentf catde suberecto* foliis oTali-lanceolatis ^abris svemis^ ' tubo 

TentricosOy fauce barbatS. Bro^ in mem. wem* soc. 1, 80. 
Marsdenia suaveolens. Brown prod. 1. 461. Budge in trans^ linn, too* 10. 

299; tab. 21. fig. 1. Sweet hart. sub. hmd. 51. 

Kami supemt rxduMles. FoL firmnkt, obhngo-ovata, lanceolate, 3 
nndas hmga v. ultrd latitudine fere duph minore, vilhtimcula, obMoletOu 
nervosa, costd medid pallidd it supino prominente: petioli phrieg breviores 
lamin6j teretes, villosi. CymTC in ramis plurimay plurifiortet parvte, breviores 
foliis, villostB, floribus ochroleuciSy panmHs, adoris: pednnculus erectus, 
Jilifarmis, cgmd longior; pedicelli villosi, Umgitudine feri flomm, ban 
bracteolis villosis pluriis hreuiorUm^ stipati. Cal- tfiUotms, &-j^duM, campa^ 
nulatus, pedicellorum concolor, duplo brevier coroVd v. magts, segmentis 
^ato-acuminatis. Cor- unicolor, urceohta-rotata, limbo triph longiore tuba, 
transversa subbilineari, ^partita, intHs barbato, laciniis obUmgis acuminatis 
patentibus distantibus, PistUlum tuba carolUe cequale: stig;ma pallidum 
apicuh acuminata HJido. 



The present is the only figure of this new addition to 
our greenhouses made from the living plant- The fragrance 
and long enduring succession of the blossom will cause 
the species to be highly prized. In general appearance, it 
reminds us of Cynanchum pihsum, already given in tthis 
work; in the flavour of the perfume, of the popular Hblio- 
TRopiUM peruvianum. 

Native of New Holland, where the species was first ob- 
served by Mr. Brown, who in instituting the genus, ob- 
serves, that the group is perhaps scarcely distinct enough 
from that of Pergularia, which differs merely by the addi- 



tion of a small segmentlike appendicle on the inside of 
each of the five pieces composing the stamineous crown. 

The drawing was taken from a sample which flowered 
this summer, for the fir^t time, in the greenhouse at the 
nm-sery of Messrs." Colville, in the King's Road, Chelsea. 

A partly standard and partly twining undershrub, not 
recorded in the Hortus Kewensis. Leaves opposite, ob- 
longly ovate, lanceolate, two inches in length or more, 
with scarcely half that breadth, slightly villous, obso- 
letely nerved, with a pale prominent midrib : petioles 
several times shorter than the blade, cylindrical, villous. 
Cymes many along the branches, interpetiolar, several- 
flowered, small, shorter than the leaves, villous; flowers 
small, cream-coloured; peduncle upright, filiform, longer 
than the cyme, pedicles villous, about the length of the 
flower, furnished at the base with several times shorter vil- 
lous Iractelets. Calyx villous 5-cleft, campanulate, of the 
colour of the petioles, twice shorter than the corolla or more, 
segments ovately lanceolate. Corolla of one colour, urceo- 
lately rotate; limb 5-parted, twice longer than the tube, 
about two lines across; bearded on the inside, segments ob- 
long taper-pointed spreading, standing apart. Stamineous 
crown of five pieces, each piece compressed, undivided, 
without an appendage on the inside: anthers terminated 
by a membrane: poUen-masses upright, fixed at the base. 
jPis/i/ equal to the tube of the corolla; stigma pale with a 
pointed bifid apex. FoWic/e* (indehiscent seedvessels) smooth. 
Seeds comom (tufted). 



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490 



KAULFUSSIA amelloides. 
Cape- Asterflowered Kaulfiissia. 



SYNGENESIA POLYGAMIC SVPERFLUA. 

iVa^ orrf. CoRYMBiFER^. Jussieugen.m. iWr- //• Recept. nudum. 
Sero. papposum. Flores radiati, in Tussilagine et Senecionb partim 
flosculosi. 

KAULFUSSIA. CaL communis simphji, aqualis, foliolis (13) 14-16 
lanceolatis obtusis membranaceo-mai^nalis costa Talidft herbace^ obtusft 
carinatis, applicatis. Calathidium (c<yrolla) radiatum. Floscuti radii fceminei^ 
copiosi (in nostr^ plants 7-8), contigui, Hgulati, tubo filiformi (pubescente)^ 
limbo obJongo mox revoluto obtuso apice tricrenato- Germ, compreasum^ 
cuneiforrae, brevissim^ pedicellatum, cum pedicello foveis receptaculi arct^ 
inheerens (pubescens) areft apicali papillate. Stylus tubo vix longior: siig. 
2-fidum; pappus nullus nisi fimbria pilorum brevissimonim, Flosc, disci 
hermaphr., tubuloso-infundibuliformes, plerique incurvi; tubo pubescente; 
limbo 5-fido patente, ^n*A<ff, coordinatorum, connatae (po?finc ochroleuco). 
Germ^ ut in nosculis radii: stylus longitudine tubi antherarum: stw. 2-fidum» 
revolutum: pappus k setis rigidulis plumosis longitudine' tubi fiosculorutn. 
Recept, (nudum) convexuro, Sveolatum. (Sem* fusca, obovato-oblonga t. 
cuneata, complanata, appresse pilosa, marginata margine crassS concolori). 

Differt Senicilli Gaertn. sem, % 453, t, 173, f. 4. pappi radialis defect^ 
et discoidalis longitudine eximid, Ab Agath^A Cassinii (Bulletin de la 
soc, philom, Nov, 1817. 1B3) pappo diffot'mi^ qui in Cinerari;1 mnelloide 
genere illius typo, tAm in radio gudm in disco setosus plumosus. Nees von 
essenb, in hon phys. berol, 53. 



Kaiilfussia amelloides. Nee* von essenb. in hor. phys, berot 33 et 53, tab. 11^ 

Curtis's magaz. 21 77* 

Caulis A basi ramosissimus^ circiter pedalis, ramis diffusis^ tortuosis, 
teretibuSy punctato-scabris pilisque rigidis patentibus liispidis, FoL (2-3- 
uncialia) altema, sessilia, patentia, lanceolato-spatkulata, mucronulata, 
minutissime remoti denticulaia, carinata, ntnnque hirta, rigidula, Flore» 
terminates, longi pedunculati, cemui, specie et magnitudine Jlornm ClS^- 
RARiiE amelloidis, Pedunculus (2-3-uncialis) teies, glundulis sestilibus 
pilisque patentibus inspersus, supemi nudus^ inferno foliolis aliquot lanceo- 
latis minoribus pr<Bditus, Cal, kirsutus, Radius cceruletu. Dhcns saturate 
violuceus, Plania annua v. biennis. Id. loc* cit 



A genus lately instituted by M. Nees of Essenbacb, in 
the work we have quoted, and called after Dr. Kaulfuss 
of Halle. The essential distinction from the immediate re- 
latives, consists in the want of pappus (seedcrown) in the 
florets of the ray; while the florets of the disk are furnished 
with a sessile and feathered one. All will be struck with 

VOL, VI- R 



the resemblance to the well-known Cape Aster (Cineraria 
amelloldes), lately separated by M. Cassini from Cineraria 
by the title of AgatHvEA ccelestis. 

M. Nees appears to have some doubt whether our plant 
may not be the same as the Agath^a macrophylla of M. 
Cassini ; but observes that the seed is described as smooth 
or bare in that, while in the present species it is furred; 
neither does he think it likely that the peculiar character 
belonging to the pappus (seedcrown) should have escaped so 
acute an observer as that botanist. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope. Lately introduced 
by Mr. Anderson, the superintendant of the physic garden 
at Chelsea ; having been raised from the seed received from 
Mr. Otto, who has the charge of the botanic garden at 
Berlin. 

Annual or biennial. Stem numerously branched from 
the very base, about a foot high ; branches widespread, 
crooked, round, shagreened, with a nap of stiff-spreading 
hairs. Leaves alternate, sessile, spreading, lanceolately 
spatulate, tipped by a small point, minutely and widely 
toothletted, keeled, with rough nap on both sides, stiflBsh. 
Flowers terminal, long-stalked, cernuous. Peduncle round, 
beset with small glandular points and spreading hairs, leaf- 
less above, furnished with a few smaller lanceolate leaves 
below. Calyx simple, rough-furred, even; leaflets (13) 
14-16, lanceolate, obtuse, membranously edged, close- 
pressed, with a strong keeled herbaceous back. Corolla 
rayed : florets of the ray pistilbearing (bright blue), many 
and contiguous (in the flowers we examined 7-8, and scarcely 
contigiious) , liguiate; tube filiform, furred, limb oblong, 
becoming revolute, about | of an inch long, obtuse, triply 
notched at the end. Germen cuneiform (wedge-shaped) 
compressed, with an extremely short pedicle by which it is 
secured In the cavities of the receptacle, furred. Style 
hardly longer than the tube: stigma forked: pappus (seed- 
crown) none, except an exceedingly short villous fringe. 
Florets of the disk deep violet, bearing both anthers and stig- 
ma, tubularly funnelled, most of them inbowed ; tube furred ; 
limb 5-cleft spreading. Anthers, like those of the rest of 
the tribe, connate, dark; (pollen cream-coloured). Germen 
like that of the ray; style the length of the filaments; 
stigma forked, prongs revolute: pappus (seedcrown) of stiff- 



feathered bristlelike hairs, the length of the tube of th 
floret. Receptacle naked, convex, alveolate (honeycombed). 
(Seeds brown, obovately oblong or cuneate, flat, close- 
pressediy furred, with a thick border of the same colour as 
the disk). 

Requires the treatment of a tender annual; that is, to 
be sown in the spi'ing on a hot-bed. The flpwere of the ray 
roll themselves close up backwards towards evening, and 
spread again in the morning for several days in succession. 
The blue of the ray is bright and beautiful. 

We have adopted the description given by the framer of 
the genus ; which seems to disagree with our own observa- 
tions only in the florets of the ray being termed " copiosi et 
contigui" while in our plant they were only 7-8, and scarcely 
to be called contiguous. 



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491 

PHOTINIA arbutifolia. 
Californian HmvtJwm or Photinia, 



ICOSANDRIA niGYSlA. 

Nat. onl RosACEiE- Jussieu gen. 334, Div. L Germen simplex, 
iuferum, polystylum, Pomum calycino limbo umbilicatum, multiloculare! 
Arbores antjrutices, Pomace_e, 

PHOTiNIA. CaL 5-dentatus. Petala reflexa. Ovarium (germcn) 
semisuperum, villbsum, biloculare- Styli duo, glabri. Pericarpium bilo- 
culare calyce camoso inclusum. Testa cartilaginea. 

Arbores (Asub temperatcs et Califomice). Folia simplicia, coriacea, 
sempervirentia, senata v. integerrima. Paniculae campositte, carymbos{et 
terminates. Fructus j)am, vnpubes. lindley pomac. in trans* linn. soc. 12. 
103. 



P. arbutifolia^ foliis oblongo-lanceolatis distant^r dentatis, pedicellis calyce 
brevioribus. Lindley pomac, in trans, linn* soc, 12, 103. 

Crataegus arbutifolius. HorL Kew. ed. 2. 3. 202. 

Folia $exi^$ longior a petiole^ margine revoluta: panicula composite, nott 

fastigiata. 



4 

A genus established by Mr. Lindley in his " Observa- 
tions on the natural group of Plants called Pomacece" form- 
ing the first section of the order Rosacece in Jussieu's 
Genera Plantarum; a treatise about to appear in the forth- 
coming volume of the Transactions of the Linnean Society. 
We have only seen a part of it; whence we have extracted 
the above generic and specific characters. 

Photinia, as far as yet known, includes three certain 
and one doubtful species, natives of California and the 
temperate regions of Asia, all hitherto ranking in the genus 
Crat^gus. The limits are technically defined by " a five- 
toothed calyx: reflex petals: a semisuperior villous two-celled 
germen: two smooth styles: a two-celled seed-vessel en- 
closed in a fleshy calyx : and a cartilaginous seedcoat" TI)e 
congeners are all arborescent, with a simple coriaceous ever- 
green, sometimes serrate, sometimes entire-edged foliage, 
compound corymbose panicles, and a small smooth-rinded 
fruit. 

Arbutifolia is from California, whence it was introduced 
by Mr. Archibald Menzies in 1796, It forms a handsome 
greenhouse-plant; flowers about August, and is distin- 



guished from the others of the genus " by oblongly lanceo- 
late widely toothed revolutely edged leaves, by panicles 
which are not level-topped as in the others, and by pedicles 
shorter than the calyx." 

The drawing was taken at the nursery of Messrs. Mal- 
colm and Co., Kensington, where this scarce plant is very 
successfully treated. 

The Mespilvs japonica of the 365th article of this work, 
ranks accoi*ding to Mr. Lindley*s treatise in his genus Erio- 
BOTRYA, of which the character will be fully given in the 
appendix to the present volume of the Register. At one 
point it comes next to Photinia. 

Not having had the opportunity of seeing the plant of 
the present article in flower, we shall not attempt any fur- 
ther description. ^ 



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QUISQUALIS indica. 

Amhoyna Qaisqualis, 



DECANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Nat. ord. THYMELEiG. Jussieu gen. IQ. 

CoMBRETACE^. Broum in append, to Flind. voy. 2. 648: 
et suprifol. 429. 9 * 

QUISQUALIS. Ca/. longissimua filifonnis limbo 5-dentato. Squanue 
(petala) 5 oblongas. Stylus filifomus : stigma obtusum. Drvpa fr-'aognlatis 
l-spemaa. Folia opposita, fiores spicati, ierminaleu out axillares, thigmii 
bracieati. Jussieu 1. c. 78. 



Q. indica, bracteis oblongis ventricosis : petalis oblong^s villosissimis. Rox- 
burgh for. ind. ined. 
Quisqualis indica. Linn. «p. pi. ed. % 1, 656. WiUd. tp. pi. 2. 679. Xa- 
marck illustr. t. 357. Smith in Iiees^$ cyclop, w foe Sweet kort-tmb, 
loud. 94. Curtis's magaz. 2033. 
Quisqualis pubescens. Surm. ind. 103. t. 35. 
Qms qualis. Humph, amboyn. 5. 71. t. 38. 

Frutex robustus scandens, ramis noveUis vilhsissimit. Fol. zuboppoaita, 
breviter petiolata, d lato-ovalibm ad oblongo-cordata, int^a, viUom, acu~ 
mine abrupio longiusculo. Stipulte nulla. Spicae termimUeM et axiUare$, 
villoscB. Flores plurimi, oppositi et altemi. Bracteie solitaria, wUfiuree, 
rhomboidece, villosts, ciliatte. Cal. tuiofUformi, proaami infra w^dum 
villogum a-^dum dilatescens. Petala guinquey oblongo-btnoeolata, ore cabfciM 
inserta, vilUmssima. Filamenta ordine tdterni duplo ori calyeU ctrcwnpo- 
nta: antherse oblongee, inatn^entes. Gfirmen infenamt uniioeidare, oh- 
longum ; ovula seepiiu 4, summo loculo annexa. St^uis Mtqaead ttamma atm 
tubo calycia coacbmatua, inde discretus atque in sti^a mtgiacuhim fngtie- 
trum perforatum anthens aquah abetms. Roxb. in loc. cit (ex angUco 
vereuro). 



In the unpublished " Flora Indica" two species of Quis- 
qualis are recorded by Dr. Roxburgh as cidtivated in the 
Calcutta Garden; both of a pubescent habit. The one with 
narrow bractes has been named vilhsa by the Doctor, and 
is said to be native of Pegu; the other, the present species, 
with broad bractes, of Amboyna, Loureiro's tnirca, of 
which we find a prototype specimen in the Banksian Herba- 
rium, is entirely smooth throughout, and we should think 
distinct from both the above. 

We transcribe the following account of the subject of 
this article from Dr. Roxburgh's manuscript. 



" A large climbing skruh with the young shoots very 
downy. Leaves subopposite, short-petioled, from round- 
oval to oblong-cordate, entire, villous, their points triangu- 
lar and acute. Stipules none. Spikes terminal and axil- 
lary, villous. Mowers many, opposite, and alternate. Bractes 
solitary, one-flowered, rhomboidal, villous, ciliate. Calyx: 
tube filiform, widening just below the 5-cleft hairy mouth. 
Petals 5, oblong-Ian ceolar, inserted on the mouth of the 
tube of the calyx, very hairy. Filaments short, in two al- 
ternate rows round the mouth of the tube of the calyx: 
anMery oblong, incumbent. Germen inferior, oblong; ovula 
generally 4 attached to the top of the cell: style united 
with the tube of the calyx until it reaches the stamens, 
where it parts, ending in a large 3-sided stigma even with 
the anthers." 

The drawing was taken from a plant which flowered last 
year in the hothouse, at the nursery of Messrs. Whitley and 
Co. King's Road, Fulham ; where the species was first intro- 
duced from the Calcutta Garden. 

The corolla varies from white to rose-colour, and even 
blood red in different stages of the same flower. The fruit 
is about the size of a filbert and five-cornered. When quite 
ripe the kernel is said by Rumphius to be eatable. Though 
the plant is mentioned by Dr. Roxburgh as an aboriginal of 
Amboyna, other accounts speak of it as only naturalized 
there, having been derived from Java and the Molucca 
Islands. 

The generic name was combined by Rumphius from quis 
and qualis, and intended, as Sir James Smith has it in 
Rees's Cyclopedia, " to express the singular variableness of 
the plant, as if nothing could be found like it." 




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493 

MESEMBRYANTHEMUM elongatum. /2. 

Dwarf tuberous Mg-Marygold. 



ICOSANDIUA PENTAGYXIA. 

Nat. ord. FlcoiDE^. Jussieu gen. 315. Div. II. Genneu inrcruni 
MESEMBRYANTHEMUM. Supra vol a. fol. urn, 

Div. IV. Capitata. Foliu den^ attemhque imbricato-capttatiM longnrimUi 
impunctatis; caudice pr<B foliarvm pcndere decumbente, petaHs anguitU- 
simis deorsim plus minus ciliatis ; stylis numero^j germinihus depremi 
Haworth MSS. 
M. elongatum, foliis subspithamxis obtus^ triquetris semiteretibusTe^ canali- 

Gulatis, glauciusculis, radice tuberos^ caroos^. Haworth MSS, 
Mesembryanthemum elongatum. Haworth mesembr, 236. Ejm9d, miBc. nat. 

40, et synops. pi succ. 228, Hart. Kew. ed. 2. 3. 223. 
(a) corolla 5-uaciali, odore hircino, petalis subcapillaceis pube loDg&flezuos^ 

ciliatis. Haw, M8S, 
(^) corolla 4-unciaIi, odore subhircino, petalis exterioribtis deorsi\in pilis 
rectjs brevibus paudsaimis nudp oculo vix manifestis ciliittid. Saw, MSS, 
Radix defarmis^ cra&sa, subtobata^ magnitvdin^ fert <m anatini: (i $icco 
d var. a. in tabuld delineata). Caudex ^mplicimmus, debilist fiexumuB^ 
erectO'procumbenSf simul cum pedunciUo termmali dodrantalit v. vUrd, viridi- 
btteMcens^ dears^m foHarum vestigii^ subartioilato-circinatus. Folia termi- 
naUa, anteJUyresce^tiam infusdeulum laxiia cangr^ata, dodrantalia, ttspius 
Memiteretia, $uprd plm mmus canalicuktio-^cava, superiara sennm mi- 
nora setnipedalia aliqudntiimque distantiora: omnia erecto^atentia, de- 
^exo-emaroesctiHtia, neqne decidua, Pedunculus temiinalis^ teres cequa- 
bilis, dehUis^ 4'WunaliSf purpnrascens, ban bractets 3 foUiformibui ver- 
ticiUato-stipatus. Cal. mbhemisph^ericui negmentis d ndtctqualibHS^ iemi- 
ieretibUM^ subundalUntx, deorsilm latescentibuSt 2 si^npHcibut, 2 basi mem- 
brand diapkanS utringue auctis, quinto alta^o tantum latere membra- 
now. Pet. bitea^ nitid^nma^ numerosissima, multiserialia, catgeem 
hmgi mperantia, 9udo ctelo post meridiem ezpandentia, lineari-acumi- 
nata, interiwa gradatim dea'escentia subconniventia, intima fonna feri 
Jilamentomm i guibus pauca antherd incompletd terminata. Stamina vera 
'tmmerosissima, incurvo-amniventia, filamentis tenuissimis, ftntheris exiguis, 
polline stramineo-paUido. Styli duodeuis plures, saturath Jlavescentet tor- 
tuoso-cangesti. Genoen word planum, peltucido-viresceAs, radiato-striatu- 
tum {radii ioeulos capiuke fittur<e denotantcM). Haworth MSS. (|)hraiieolo|{;ii 
aliquantul^ mutat&). 



We have to thank Mr. Hawortli for the above descrip- 
tion of this rare plant, which he considers a variety of 
ehngatum, a species seldom known to bbssom with us. 
The sample was communicated to him from Kew Gar- 
dens, where it had been raised in 1819, from seed from 
the Cape of Good Hope. It flowered this summer, and bids 

VOL. VI. s 



fair to perfect tlie fruit, but the parent plant, having pro- 
duced no lateral shoots or suckers (the means by which the 
species of this section of the genus survive from year to 
year), will most probably perish. 

We are glad to find that Mr. Haworth perseveres with 
zeal in the study of this race of vegetables, and to hear that 
he has collected as many as 200 species of the present 
genuSj besides obtaining competent information of nearly 
Too more. 

Root tuberous, nearly the size of a duck's egg. That 
shown in our drawing belonged to a dried sample of va- 
riety (a.) Stem quite simple, weak, fiexuose, procumbent, 
about 9 inches long or more with the terminal peduncle, 
greenish yellow, ringed by the scars of the fallen foliage, 
and looking as if jointed. Leaves loosishly congregated 
at the end of the stem, about 9 inches long, mostly semi- 
cylindrical, more or less concavely channelled, upper ones 
gradually smaller (about 6 inches long) and rather farther 
apai't; all uprightly spreading, reflexed as they wither away, 
but do not fall off at the base. Peduncle terminal, round, 
of one thickness throughout, weak, 4 inches long, tinged 
with purple, furnished at the base with 3 verticillately 
disposed bractes. Calyx hemispherical, segments 5, nearly 
equal, semicylindrical, about an inch long, widening down- 
wards, 2 simple, 2 membranously winged on both sides, the 
fifth only on one side. Flowers yellow, expanding after 
mid-day, but only when the son shines: petals hvi^t, very 
numerous, in many rows, reaching far beyond the calyx, 
linearly taper-pointed; inner ones becoming gradually less; 
innermost (abortive stamens) with the form of the filaments, 
now and then bearing an imperfect anther. Perfect stamens 
very numerous, incurvedly connivent; filaments veiy sleu- 
der; awMer^ very small; j)o//en pale straw-coloured. Styles 
more than 12, deep yellow, twistedly crowded. Germen 
flat-topped, of a pellucid green, radiately streakletted (the 
streaks denoting the number and place of the cells of the 
fature capsule). 



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494 

MESEMBRYANTHEMUM capitatum 
Short dagger-leaved Mg-Marygold. 



ICOSANDRIA PENTAQYNI^. 



NaLord. FicoiDRE. Jusnm gen. ^\b. Div. IL Qermea inferum 
MESBMBR YANTHEMUM. Suprd vol. 3. fol. 260. 



Div* IV. Capitata. Foliis dense altemique imbricato-capitatU Umgusimitf 

absque punctis aut papulis; caudice prm foliorum pandere decumbente^ 

peiatis angnstigsimis deorsumplns minus ciliatis; siglis numerosist germi- 

nibus depressis, Haworth MSS. 
M. caj}itatum^ foUis sequilateri-triquetrts glaucesccntibus, membraiiis caly- 

cinis pallidis, petalis luteis tongitudine calycis, extehoribus purpurascenti- 

bus, stylts strictis setaceis. Haworth misc. nat. 41. 
Mesembryanthemum capitatum, Hort. Kew. ed. 2. 3. 223. Haw, mesembr, 

390. n. 227; et g'tecj. synops. pL mcc, 228* n. 58. 
Mesembryanthemum pugioniforme. . Lin, sp. pL ed* 2, I. 690. MiU. diet, 

ed. 8. n, 46. Willd, sp, pL 2. 1050. £jusd- enum, 1. 538. 
Kcoides capeosis caryophylli folio, flore aureo specioao. Bradl, «cc, 2, 6. (. 

14. 
Astero aizoide del Capo di Buona Speranza. Zanon. ist, boi, 35. 1. 13^ 

Sufirutex stolonibns perennans radicefibrma, caudice simplici, seniori 
pedaii r, ultri, proa^nbente. Folia summo caudice congregata^ interiora 
erecta, exteriara patentia sesunciaHa, subulata, equilaieri-iriqueira, glan- 
ciuscula effiore^centid papillosd nulld, ad angulos plus minus canaliculata. 
Kami injra folia provenientes^ subverticiUati foliosi elongati procumbentes. 
Pedunculi ramorum continui, mbpaniculatij guadriunciales, ^bsoleti anguhsi, 
asperiuscuH. Folia ramea bretnora, stepi remota, tema pel sparsa, brac- 
teacea. Cal. amplus, b-angularis, b^Jidus, segmeniis snibmgualibms^ i boss 
rotundiusculd caudato-attenuatis, interiaribus ut stspi^ membrasU lati in- 
sti^uctis. Cor. a?npla diametro triunciali: petala ordine fnulHp&ei ntmerosa, 
infra medium subciHata; exteriora linearia acuta pHiymrascenHa, media 
lineari-lanceolata lucido-bitea, intima capHlaria e&nnivenHa, Filalittiitii 
nufnerosa, ^ stylis distantia ; anth»^ lutew, poUine hUeo. Germ, ketmspk^ 
ricum, depressius quam in speciebus affinibus; styli 18, dfilamentis distasUes, 
breves, erecH, setacei, bttescentes. Haw. misc, 41; (phraseologifi plurimii* 
mutate.) 



Cultivated here in 1717/ Came originally from the 
Cape of Good Hope, Lasts sometimes from eight to nine 
years in a warm greenhouse. 

The prior name of pugiomfarme has been transferred by 
Mr. Haworth from this to the plant constituting the 72d 
article of the '' Piantes Grassesf differing from capita-- 
turn in being scarcely more than biennial, in being laigcr, 

s 2 



and in having a longer and more glaucous foliage, although 
the flowers are not larger than here. 

We submit our opinion entirely to Mr. Haworth in re- 
gard to the above synonymy, or else we should not have 
hesitated to adopt the figure in the " Hortus Elthamensis" 
(lab. 210), usually adduced to this plant. 

The drawing was taken two years ago at the nursery of 
Messrs. Whitley and Co. King's Road, Fulham. 

Elongatum, capitatum, and pugioniforme are extremely 
near akin, and with two othere already known, constitute so 
distinct a group in Mr. Haworth's view, that they are pro- 
bably destined to be embodied under a new generic name in 
some future production of the pen of that indefatigable ob- 
server of succulent plants. As the species do not in this 
section always produce suckers or shoots, the mode by which 
these plants survive, our chief reliance for their continuation 
is upon seed; which they produce freely, when placed out 
of doors from May to September. 

Stem about a foot or rather more in length, procum- 
bent owing to the weight of the foliage. Leaves collected 
at the summit of the stem, longest about six inches 
in length, subulate, equilaterally triangular, inclining to 
glaucous, without any papillary efflorescence ; branches pro- 
cumbent. Peduncles on the branches, forming a kind of 
panicle, about four inches long, slightly roughened. Flowers 
yellow, expanding in the forenoon. Cali/x iarge; segments 
nearly equal, caudately tapered. Corolla 3 inches over; 
petals numerous in many rows, veiy narrow, ciliated below 
the middle. Filaments numerous, innermost (abortive sta- 
mens) capillary, connivent, standing wide of the styles. 
Gez-men hemispherical, more depressed than in the other 
immediately allied species. Styles 16, insulated from th^ 
stamens, short, setaceous, upright, yellow. 



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495 

THUNBERGIA grandiflora. 

Blue-Jhwered Thunbergia. 



DIDTNAMIA ^NGIOSPERMI^. 

Nat. ord. Acanthi. Jwsieu gen. 102. Div. I. Stam. 4 didynama. 

ACANTHACEJE. Brown prod. 1. 472. 

TBUNBERGIA. Cat. duplex, exterior 2-phyIlus, interior 12-partitua, 

brevier, laciniis subulatis. Cor. campanulata, tubo ampliato, limbo 6-Iobo 

sequali. Stigma bilobum. Caps, globosa rostrata IocuUb dispermis. Herb^e 

Barleri^ affines^ caule 4rgono: fiores soHtarii, axillares. Juss. ioc. cit. 
103. 



r 

T> grandifiora^ perennis, scaodens; foliis anguloso-cordatis; corolli campa- 
nulat^; calyce interiore nullo; antheris bsu'batis^ calcaratis. Roxburgh 
Jior. ind, ined. 

ITiunbei^a grandiflora- Carey kort bmg. m loco. 

Radix perenniSf ^ubttiberosa: C3,u\es Jruiescentes, voh^ksj excebisean^ 
denies; rami novelli vtUosiusculi, mbquadrialatu FoLopposita, petiolata, 
cordata^ sceph angulari-lobatat acttminata, ^l^nervm, utrinmie pilu mmntu 
rigidis alhis hispidiuscula, 3-8 uncias langa latiiudine ferh pari^ floralia 
racemorum parvuia, (XEterum nmilia: petioli erectly lomitndine feri foHi, 
propi basin tumidiy canaliculati, scabri. Stipulx 0. PeduDCuli axiUares^ 
solitariif vel in racemis ierminalUms pendnlis gemmi v. brachiatlm gemini v* 
irini V, bis geminati: tixiUarumnt pedicelli wUfiorit teretes, subclavaH, 
petiobtm (Equantes, Fiores ampli diametro submadriunciali, colore ceeruleo 
pulckerrimh nitentes. Bracte^e 0. Cal. Spa&a bivalvis; valvas ob&mg^, 
obliquatiB d latere inferiore curviores discret<By i mperiore rectiores partim 
cohasreniea interdum omninot scepius tantummodd juxta apicem, striatm^ 
acwminatae, vUlosiuscukB, nigro-puncHculaiiE, tubum cum simul fauce sub- 
(Equanies. Cor. 1-petala, campanulata, disco annulariglandulosoinsidens: 
tubus brevis^ amicus, faux ampla latere superiore elongatim fomicata, infe- 
riore palato coitvexo grandiare hneis asruleis saturati&ribus dihttioribusque 
alternis picto intiis pr&minens: Umbus S-partitus^ ' Ificiniis subroiundis, 2 
superioribus erectis, inferiaribus p&rrecto-patentibm: discus hypogynus an- 
nularis, camosuSj iobatus germinis basin cingens. ^iam, fauce inclusa; fil- 
4, ore tubi inseria, obl&ngo-ovataf campressa, rvgosUj par anticum postiof 
longius, sed ob curvaturam majorem non alti^s: anth. conniventes, aquales, 
lineareSf ej'ecte, biloatlare^ marginibus barbatis, anteriorum loculi utrinque 
calcari rigido acuta albo aucii^ posteriorum tantummodd loculus exterior. 
Germ, c&nicum^ subietragomnn : s^lus longitudine siaminum: stigma majus- 
culum, foramine pertusum. Caps, globosa^ rostrata, bilocularis, bivabm, 
ab apice dehiscens: semina demum tantitm duo in singuh hallo, wbrotunda, 
rompressa, margine hieisa, latere extimo convexa tuberculata, intimo amcava 
teuia,— Roxb. Ioc. cit. (ex anglico versum). 



The drawing of this newly introduced handsome-flowered 
climber is from the pencil of Mr. Herbert, whose kind com- 
munications we have so often had to acknowledge- It 



flowered in his hothouse at Spofforth the summer before last 
for the first time we believe in this coimtry. 

The following account of the species is taken from the 
manuscripts of Dr. Roxburgh : 

" Found among bushes, &c. in wild uncultivated spots 
near Calcutta; where it flowers in the rainy season." 

" Root perennial, subtuberous. Sterns woody, winding 
themselves up high trees, &c.; young shoots a little hairy 
and slightly 4-winged. Leaves opposite, petioled, spread- 
ing, cordate, often angularly lobed, pointed, 5-7-nerved; 
slightly roughened on both sides by small rigid white hairs, 
4-8 inches long by nearly the same breadth: fioral ones like 
the rest, but small: petioles upright, nearly as long as the 
leaves, swelled near the base, channelled, rough: stipules 0. 
Peduncles axillary, solitary or in pairs or threes or double 
pairs on terminal racemes, which, when unsupported, hang 
in handsome festoons. Peduncles of the axillary flowers and 
pedicles of the racemes, cylindrical, subclavate, the length 
of the petioles, oneflowered. Flowers very large, about 4 
inches broad when expanded; of a most beautiful bright 
blue colour. Bractes 0. Calyx: spathe bivalved, about as 
long as the tube and faux of the corolla ; valves obliquely 
oblong, rounder and detached at the under edge, at the 
upper almost strmght and slightly cohering, sometimes for 
the whole length, though in general only near the summit, 
streaked, pointed, a little hairy and marked with small 
black dots. Corolla of one piece, campanulate, placed on 
a large lobate annular disk which surrounds the germen: 
tube short and conical, faux large with a long vaulted 
cavity on the upper side, in which the stamens and style are 
contained, on the under with a larger corresponding palate 
elegantly marked with light and dark blue streaks; limb 5- 
parted, segments nearly round, 2 upper erect, 3 lower 
spreading. Stamens within the fa.ux: ^aments 4, inserted 
at the orifice of the tube, anterior pair much curved, and 
although longer than the other pair, yet from the curve in the 
filaments their anthers are only even with the posterior pair, 
oblongly ovate, compressed, wrinkled: anMerA* converging, 
equal, linear, upright, bilocular, with bearded edges to the 
cells as in Acanthus; both cells of the anterior ones are 
fnmished with a curved sharp rigid white spur: of the poste- 
^Hor ones only the outer cell. Germen conical, subqua- 



drangular: style straight, the length of the stamens; stigma 
large, with an uncommon perforation, which I can only 
compare to an inverted crescent, with an handle aflftxed to 
the centre of its concave arc. Capsule globular, beaked, 
2-ceUed, 2-valved, opening downwards from the summit: 
seeds when all come to maturity two in each cell roundish 
compressed, wdth a notched edge; tubercled ' and convex 
on the outside, concave and smooth on the inner."— jRor- 
Imrgh MSS. 



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496 

RUBUS parvifolius. 
Criimon-Jlowered Chinese Bramble. 



XCOSANDRIA POLYGYSIA. 

JVa/. orrf. Rosacea. Jmneugm.^M. iWr, /K Germina nlura in 
d^hnita vert supera, receptaculo communi imposita, singula mo^ostyla, Se< 
mina totidem nuda aut rariCis baccata. ifcr&s mi rarius fmtices, Poten 

RUBUS. SuprHfol 461, 



Div* Frutescenies. 
^' paryifolivs, foliis tematis (quinatisque) sabtiis tomentosis, caule (pedun- 
cuiis) petiolisque aculeis recurvis. Lin. sp. pL ed. 2. 1. 707; (excL tun. 
Rnmph.) 

Rubus parvifoHus. WiOd. sp. pi 2. 1083. Smith in Reefs cyclop, in he. n. 
21 ; (nmi tamen quoad piantam Nepaiensem D. Buchanani ihipro e&dem 
haMtam). 

Rubus triphyllus. 7?iHn6->a^- 215. ITtffd. sp, p/. 2. 1082. 5iiwrt tn iZeet'i 
cyclop, in he. n. 13, 

Suffrutex kumilis ramosissimus ; rami aculeati erecti Jhxufm ieretei vi/- 
hso'Canescentes, aculeis rubidis recurvis sparsis distanti^, Voh petiohio' 
temata v. s<Epi quinaia, mprd glabra^ infii iomcntostheandicantiay foliola 
scniuncialia ad uncialia obovato-rotunda inciMo-dentata infemi caneata atgue 
intcgra nervo medio mbt^ roseo-aculeolato^ lateralia sessilia r. bretnsnmi 
stipitata, snperiora 2 (in guinatis) cuneatO'ongmia, terminak in temaHs 
majus trilobo-incismniy in guinatis (ubi hbi in foliolis totidem discedunt) 
lateralia 2 inferiora solummodd €Bquans; petiohis communis sub2uneialis 
aculeatu£: stipulee biTue lineares erecta pilosm, inferiores S€^is simpHces, 
superiores et flarales sc^Os H-trifidtJE. Flores inodori, roseo-purpurei, 
terminales, hxiiis paniculati, fastigiantes, erecti, ^ undo: tiav^veni r. 
circittr; pedunculi l*^^ari, Menores foliis superiores stipulis tubfoUa- 
ccts axilhres: bracte^ instar stipuhrum. CaL rotato-revolutns exlOs to- 
mentosHs aculeolis murieatus viridi-canescenSf intus sericeus roseo-candicaiu^ 
persistens, segmentis ovato-acuminatis mucrane carnosuh viridmimo aptcu- 
latis. Pet. 5, caduea, rosea, cahci genitalibusque mqualin^ erectissima, 
mbcantigua, spatbuhto-rotunda^ laming obovato-rotundd crcnulato-eroti 
staminibus appressdj ungue angusto cancohri bremore. Stam- numerosa erecta 
pistilla arcic stipantia: fiK alba; anth«-^ttsc*F, poUine ochrotemco. PistiUa 
numerosa erecta coarctata; s^li sanguinet, glabri; germina virentia kirtuta. 



A small bushy bramble from China ; remarkable for 
the upright petals of the crimson flower and the compa- 
rative smallness of the foliage. Lately introduced by the 
Horticultural Society, at whose garden the present drawing 
was taken in August. On the native samples in the Bank- 
sian and Lambertian Herbariums, the leaves seem to be 
mostly ternate, on ouv*s many were quinate, the upper ter- 

VOL. VI. T 



minal leaflet frequently dividing (owing probably to luxuri- 
ance induced by artificial culture) at the lobes so as to 
give off a second lateral pair; but in this case the terminal 
leaflet is always proportionately smaller than in the more 
usual ternate ones, and the upper leaflets smaller than the 
lower. The fruit we have not seen. 

A low suffrutescent upright numerously branched plant: 
branches ascending, round, flexuose, grey-furred, with scat- 
tered wideset recui-ved reddish prickles. Leaves petiolate, 
ternate-quinate, smooth and green at the upper side, tomen- 
tose and white at the under; leaflets from half an inch to an 
inch in length, obovately round, jagged and dentate, at the 
lowermost part cuneate and entire, midrib prickly underneath, 
lateral ones sessile or very shortly stalked, the upper pair 
(in the quinate leaves) cuneately oblong and narrower; 
terminal one much larger than the lateral pair in the ternate 
leaves, but only equal to the lower lateral pair in the qui- 
nate ones, where the two lobes have parted into a separate 
upper pair: common petiole 1^-2 inches long; prickly and 
furred: stipules '2, upright, linear, furred, lower ones gene- 
rally simple, upper and floral ones generally 2-3-cleft. 
Flowers without scent, crimson, terminal, loosely and 
levelly panicled, upright, about l of an inch in diameter; 
peduncles or branchlets i-3-flowered, lower ones axillary in 
full-grown leaves, upper in stipulaceous leaflets: hractes 
like the stipules. Calyx rotate, revolute, tomentose prickly 
greenish grey on the outside, on the inside silkily furred and 
white tinged with rose-colour, permanent; segments ovate 
taper-pointed tipped with a rather fleshy deep-green point. 
Petals 5, deciduous, even with the calyx and stamens, 
quite upright, subcoutiguous, spatulately round, lamina 
obovately round, crenulately eroded, pressed against the 
stamens; unguis narrow shorter of the same colour. Sta- 
mens numerous upright surrounding the pistils closely; 
filaments white; anthers brown; pollen cream-coloured. 
Pistils numerous upright crowded; styles dark crimson, 
smooth; germens green hirsute. 



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497 

AMARYLLIS laticoma. 

Prince LeopM^s Amaryllis. 



HEXANDRIA MONOGYmA. 

Nat, ord. Narcissi- Jussieu gen. 64. Div. IL Germen inferum, 

Amaryllideje. Brown prod. 1. 296. SecL L 
AMAR YLLIS. Suprd voL9. foL 22a 



Dtp. VL CorolldB hexapetalo-partitce, tubroiatm. Folia bifaria. Nobis in 

Jouni. arts and seien* 2: 362. 
A. laticoma, foliis lineari-loratiSf scapo piano seabro,. peduncaUa strictis n>- 

bustis triquetris hispidis divaricatis dupio longioribus tlore. 

Bulbus ovato-obhmguSf magnttudine ovi anatini v. circitir, tegminibus 
fibroso-membranacei$ multiplic^us Jiacescentibut. Folia Hfaria, recumbeti- 
tiaytubsena, hrata, knta, hngiara scapo latitudine f uncia v. circit^mar- 
gine altemi sinistrarmm et dextrormm svd>falcatim Jkxa, obtnsa, utringw 
lucida. Scapus viridissimns, complanatus, sub9unciaU$ latitudine su^- 
munciali v. magis, tuberculato-scaber^ erectus, Umbella multi- (ny^fiara, 
ordine triplo altema^ remota, divaricata, kemisph^Brica^ ramentis bracte^ 
aceis: spatjia bivalvis, gphacelata^ subroseaf ter brevier pedunculiSf vahns Ian" 
ceolatis refractis: pedunc. strictiy robu^issimi, triquetris 7>u6e brevi glan- 
dnlosd hispidd cinerascentes^ A-unciales. Cor, nutans, ro$eo-albat inod&ra^ 
jtexpartita^ irregularis, turbinato-rotata ; laciniis anmibus collateraK-a^cen- 
dentibus v. nuw; unS remotd genitalibus $td>tensi, mbmgnalibu$ augmti^ 
iigulatis albis cum lined rosed medio-hngitudinali, infome eersHs convoluto^ 
unguiculatisy connivenHbus, brevissimi connexts, gupemi recurvis, non un- 
dulatis, 2 lineas latis v. circiter, acutis. Stam. declinato-assurgentia, co- 
TolliB ieqnalia, altemh. langiora, 3 prmcociora: fiL rosea Jundo brevissimi 
tubuloso corolke adnata: anth. oblongm^ vibrattles, atropwrpurets, polling 
ochroleuco. Germ, oblato-rotundum, rubido-virescens, subtriiobum; lociili 
pfeni, biseriatO'Subpentaspermi, oyuIsl ghbosa; stylus albus, stamina subex- 
superans: siig, patens, pruinasum, ^-Jidum hbulis rotundatii. 



An unrecorded and singular species, by which the trans- 
ition from Amaryllis to Brunsvigia is rendered still nar- 
rower than by Amaryllis fleotaosa of the 1 72d article of this 
publication, which we once deemed the probable connecting 
link of the two genera at one point. Z.a//coma has the fructifi- 
cation of Amaryllis and the herb of Brunsvigia. The rough 
flat stem and proportionately massive three-cornered pe- 
duncles are anomalies in the genus. The leaves are not blis- 
tered nor the segments of the corolla undulate as mjlexuosa. 

The bulb came from the Cape of Good Hope, and 
flowered, most probably for the first time in Europe, in the 
collection of H. R. H. Prince Leopold of Saxe-Cobourg, at 

T 2 



Claremont, in August last, when we were favoured with 
the sample for the drawing. 

In proportion to the stem the inflorescence is of singular 
breadth in this species. 

Bulb ovately oblong, integuments light brown, nume- 
rous, iibrously membranous. Leaven bifarious, recumbent, 
(six?) lorate, pliant, longer than the scape (1^ feet long by 
about ^ of an inch broad), edgewisely falcate alternately to 
the right and left, blunt-ended, shining on both sides. 
Scape very green, flat, about 9 inches high by about half an 
inch across or rather more, papillarily roughened, upright. 
Umbel many-(l7)-flowered, alternate and S^ranked, wide 
apart, outspread, hemispherical: spathe with 2 sphacelate 
faintly red lanceolate reflexed valves 3 times shorter thon 
the peduncles: peduncles straight, unusually massive for the 
size of the flowere, 3-cornered, about twice the length of the 
corolla, greyish with a short glandular hispid pubescence. 
Corolla nodding, whitish pink, sixparted, irregular, turbi- 
nately rotate, about 2 inches long; segments either all con- 
verging upwards edgewisely or only one detached from the 
rest and subtending the stamineous fascicle, nearly equal, 
narrowishly ligulate, white with a deep rose-red line along 
the middle, downwards convolutely narrowed and conniverit, 
vei-y shortly connected at the base, upwards recurved, about 
2 lines broad or rather more, pointed. Stamens declined and 
Jissurgent, even with the corolla, alternately longer, 3 shed- 
ding the pollen earlier than the others ; filaments pinkish, 
adnate to the sliort tubular contraction of the disk of the co- 
rolla: anthers oblong, balancing, dark purple, with a cream- 
coloured pollen. Germen oblately round, reddish green, 
slightly 3-lobed; cells closely filled by about 5 globular 
ovula in two rows: style white, rather overtopping the 
stamens: stigma open, frosted, slightly trifid, lobules 
rounded. 



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498 

i 

CONVOLVULUS elongatus. 

Brotissonefs trailing Bindweed. 



PENTANDRIA MONOGYNI^. 

Nat, Old- CoNvoLVULi. Jussieugen, 132. Div. L 

CoNvoLVULACE^. Browu prod, 1. 481. SccL L 
CON VOL VUL US. Suprd vol 2, foL 133. 

Div. Caule prostrato s. non vohtMlL 
C. elongatus^ foliis cordato-ovatis cuspidatis, pedunculis bifloris folio longio- 

ribus, bracteis lineari-subulatis pedunculo partiali brevioribus, calycibus 

subciliatis, Willd. enum. 1. 205- 
Convolvulus pseudo-siculus. Brmmmet MSS. (Jtde Willdmavii in loc. cit.) 

Annutts. CbmIbs ieretes elongati prostratir nunc supeme subvolttinles, to- 
rnentoso-viUosif viHdes, Fol, aliema, distantiat cordata^ acttminato, tenuia, 
IcetG virentiay sesquiunciatia latitndine unciali v, circit^, suprd atomis albis 
crehris conspersa, subtusvillosimcula: petiolu^ teres multoti^s brevior lammd* 
Peduneuli axiHares, solitarii, filiformeSy tamentoso-villosij hmgwres folio, 
1-%-Jiori; pedicelli calyci subtEquilongi, crassiores, singuli bracteis binis 
lanceolato-linearibus herbaceis erectis oppositis ad basin, Hores pro genere 
parvi^ albi: cal. injundibulifomtis viridis; foliola <squil(mga, obovato-oblonga, 
acuminata, siipemh d.liata, 2 interimra angustiora. Cor. subrofata, projwi- 
diiis quinguelobaj lobis rotundatis, stibtiis villosiusculis. Stamina plurimUm 
breviora corolla: fih basi latiora, imo corolke disco subtubuloso-contracto 
dtque lutescente adnata, glabra* Stylus albus, erectus, 2-3pto brevior 
stigmatibus binis ^liformibus, robusttSy erectis, albidis* Germ, pallidum, 
suhrotundnm. Caps, globosa, Piso mediocri minor, glabra; semioa 3, 
subrotnnda, scabra. 



Supposed to be native of the Canary Islands. Ori- 
ginally observed by M. Broussonet. First published by 
WiUdenow under the present name in his " Enumeratio." 
Introduced by Messrs. Colville, at whose nursery in the 
King's Roadj Chelsea, the present drawing was taken in 
July last. 

A hardy annual. Stems round, long, trailing^ some- 
times twining at the upper part, tomentosely villous, green. 
Leaves alternate, wide asunder, cordate, taper-pointed, thin, 
lively green, about an inch and half in length and an 
inch across or thereabouts, beset with white atomous dots 
and bare on the upper side, slightly furred on the under: 
petiole round, nuiny times shorter than the leaf. Peduncles 
axillary, solitary, filiform, tomentosely villous, longer than 
the leaf, l-2-flowercd: pedicles about the length of the 



calyx, thicker, each with two lanceolately linear herbaceous 
upright opposite bractes at the base. Flowers small for tijC 
genus, white: calyx funnelform, green; leaflets of qu^ 
length, obovately oblong, taper-pointed, fringed at th^ 
upper part, two inner ones narrower than the rest. Co/'o//^ 
subrotate, rather deeply 5-Iobed, lobes rounded, slightly 
furred on the outside. Stamens considerably shorter thaU 
the corolla: ^/fitmew^^ widest at the base, adhering to the 
very shortly contracted yellow disk of the corolla, smooth- 
^^///e white, upright, 2-3 times shorter than the stigmiig: 
stigmas 2, filiform, thickish, upright, whitish. Germ^i 

pale, nearly round. Capsule globular: seeds 3, roundi^h^ 
rough. 

Seeds freely. Of the easiest propagation and cultu^e, 
Differs from siculus by peduncles which are longer, Hot 
shorter than the leaves, by narrow bractes at a distance 
from the calyx, not broad ones close to the calyx; also \xi 
the colour of the corolla, and the comparative bareness of 
the calyx. 



NOTE. 



Supra fol. 491; lines 13 and 10; for " linn. goe. 12." read " linn. «0c, 
13;" having by mistake quoted the 12th Volume of the linnean TransactiQiig 
instead of the 13th, as containing Mr. Lindley's treatise on the Pomacece. 




.Jt^^mf . '^, 



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499 

DIOSPYROS Embryopteris. Femina. 
Polyandrous Date-Plum. Fertile -flowered. 



POLYGAMIA DKECIA fv. DKECIA POLYANBRIAO 

Nat ord. Guaiacan^. Jvssieu, gen.. 155. Div^ L Stamina definita* 

Ebenace^, Brawn prod. \, 534. 

DIOSPYROS. Flares polygami (in Embryapteri dioici). Cal pro- 
fundi 4-(nunc 3- V. 6-) fidus* Car, urceolata, 4-(nunc 3- v. 6-) fida. MasC- 
StaminahvLSi coroIlEe inserta, ejusdem lacinis dupla (in Emfrryapteri qua- 
drupla). Filamenta duplicata. Rudimentum pistilli* Hermafh. Fem. 
Stamina effoeta, pauciora. Germen &*12*loculare, loculis monospenuis. 
Bacca globosa^ calyce patent! demiini reflexo. Brown prod, 1. 525. 

Embryofteris Gcertn, et Raxb. diifert sol6in staminibus ratione lacini- 
anim corollas quadruplis. Brown L c. 



D. Emhryapteris, foliis lanceolato-oblon^s, floribus axillaribus polyaadris, 

bacca octosperma- Persoon syn, 2, 624, 
Embryopteris glutinifera, Willd, sp, pL 4. 836. Roxburgh coram, 1. 49, t 

70. Hart Kew, ed, 2, 5. 407. 
Embryopteris peregrioa. Gt^^L $em. 1. 145. t 29. ^g> % 
Mabola des Philippines. Cavauillea pbilippensis. Lamarck encgc. 3. 663. 

Jussicu in ann, du mns. 5, 418. 
Tumika. Telingis. Mangostan-utan. Maiaicis, Lym appel. Batavis, 

ArhoT meditB magnitudinis, rectus^ coriice glabrinsculofiisco-ferruginoso, 
ramis sparns^ patentibus (novellis glabris), Fol, bifaria, aUema, Hneari- 
obloitga, acuminata^ lucido-glabra, coriacea, sesundalia latitudine biun- 
ciali (i culturd exoticd nobis duplo minora v, magls) novella tenera atque 
rubra: pet* hret^is: stipulEe solitaricB, vaginosasy evohente folio dtsruptce 
exindigue caducee. Mas. Pedunc. axillaris^ solitarius, nutans^ floribus 
^4r^. pbtribus, parmdis, albis: bractese parvuhE, caductCf singula pedicello 
subtensce, Fil- 20 v. drcd, apice bifida: antfa. 40 r. circa^ Uneares^ erects, 
Fcemina. Pedunc, axillaris^ solitarius, simplex, unifiarus, flore aU>a 
plants mascuhB phirimiim majare* Fil. 1*4, parvaf brevia: anth. lineares, 
parvce, cass^. Germ, globosum: styii 4: stig, $€epius trifida* Bacca glo~ 
bosa. Malum medi^ magnitudinis submquans, pulposa, matura ferruginea- 
bitescens^ ferrugineo-farinosa: sem. 8, raro aliqua ahortiva, nidulantia, 
renifarmia, aciem versus attenuata, Koxb. (ex anglico versum). 



The tree which furnishes the true ebony of the Cabinet- 
maker is a congener of the present, and has sugj^ested the 
name of the order, Embryopteris is said by the Chevalier 
de Lamarck likewise to afford a hard close-grained jet- 
black ebony. It is dioicous, bearing the barren flowers on 
one tree, the fertile ones on another ; and to this last side of 
the species our present sample belong^- 



The drawing was taken in Mr. Kent's hothouse at Clap- 
ton, where the plant has now flowered, as we understand, 
for the first time in this countiy; though introduced in 1796 
by Mr. Peter Good. 

" A middle-sized tree, growing in India in the moist 
vallies among the mountfuns of the Circars ; where it does 
not shed its foliage; and flowers in March and April. The 
fruit is eaten by the natives, but I cannot say that it is pa- 
latable : it is strongly astringent." 

" Trunk straight, upright: bark pretty smooth, dark, 
blackish rust-colour ; branches spreading, scattered, young 
shoots smooth. Leaves alternate, short-petioled, bifarious, 
linear-oblong, pointed, smooth, firm, shining, when young 
soft and red ; six inches long by two broad : stipule single, 
sheathed, bureting and falling off when the leaf begins to 
expand. BARI&N-TREE. Peduncle asullary, single, 
bowed, bearing 3, 4, or more small white flowers : bractes 
small, deciduous, one below each pedicle. Filaments about 
20, bifid at the point: anthers about 40, linear, erect. 
FERTILE-TREE. Peduncle axillary, single, undivided, 
bearing one white flower, which is considerably larger than 
thebarren ones. Filaments i, 2, 3 or 4, small, short : an- 
thers linear, small, sterile. Germen globular: sti/les 4, 
spreading: sfigma^branched, generally 3-cleft. Beny glo- 
bular, the size of a middling apple, pulpy, rusty-yellow when 
ripe and covered with a rust-coloured farina.* seeds 8, 
which generally all ripen, immersed in pulp, kidney-form, 
edge than." Roxburgh. 

Dr. Roxburgh, speaking of the true Ebony (Diospvnos 
EbenumJ, remarks that it is only the heart of the tree that 
is black and valuable, and that the quantity is In proportion 
to the age of the tree. The outside is white and soft and 
soon decays. 

Gaertner mistook the bottom for the top in his figure 
and description of the finiit of Embryopteris. 



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500 

ROYENA pubescens. Fcmiina. 
Jacquin's Royena. Fertile -flowered plant. 



DECANDRIA BWYNIA, v. POLYGAMIA DKBCIA. 

NaLord. GuAiACANJE. Jussieu gen. 1&5. JHv. L 

Ebenace^. Brownprod. 1. 524. 

ROYENA. CaL urceolatus 5-ndus. Cor, imocalyci inserta, urceolata 
brevis 5-loba. Siam, 10, filamentis brevibus coroUse insertis. Germ, su- 
penim desinens in stylos 2; stig, 2. Caps, supera 4-sulca 1-Ioc, 4-vaIv.; 
nuces 4trigonEe arillo obvolutae- Arbmc^tce ; Jiores axillares s^epi pedvncu- 
lati interd^m fcsminei antheris effietis, Juss, I, c. 156. 

Royena <J Diospyko distingnenda Jlortbus hermapkroditis s^iusgne 
i-fidis, JUamentis simplicibus; variat ovario 4-6-&-/octt/an: DiosPYROS 
lyciodes et hirsuta Dejimtaines & RoyenA itaqve vix separandtB solummodd 
propter ovarium G-Q-loculare, sed hnjns Pericarpium cortice capsttlari 5- 
valvi secundum Jacq. fragm. 1, t. 1. fig, 2. Royena polyandra aliaqne 
subsimilis inedita Africm austraUs^ distinctum genus coMtituunt, ob florcM 
polygamy; masculorum stamina ladniis 4-pla, filamentis dupUeatvi, antheri^ 
barbaiis; ovarium ^-G-loculare. Brown prod. 1. 520; tn obs. 



R. pubescens, (polygama* monogyna stigmatibus 5:) foliis obovato-lanceolatb 

pubescentibus. WiUd* enum^ 1. 457. 
Royena pubescent. Sweet kort, sub, lond. 07. 
Royena hirsuta. Jacq* colt 5. 110. f. 13. ^g. I. Ejusd. fiagm, U \*fig* 2; 

(non aliorum, negue symmym&rvm-in loc. cit,), 

Frutex t^pedalis v. ultra erectus ramosus cortice badio-fmceseente: rami 
summi ramulique oppress^ viUosi tereies foliosi Jlorigeri ascendentes. FoL 
obversi v. obovat^ lanceolQta utrtnque appressi villosiuscula^ apice pbtnsula v. 
cum brem acumine, injrd longe in petiolum attenuata, margine brevi re- 
volvtuy suprd nitida, infrd opaca, nncialia ad triundalia v, ultrii, juniora 
acfumine breviare, sericea, molliay adulta subcoriacea subdepilia acumine lon^ 
giare, Hermaph. FceM. Pedunc. solitariiy axillares, ramulis et mpem& 
in ramis racemosi digestif scepissnm^ 1- rariiU ^^-^fiori, recurvi, teretes, 
pilos sericeos viridi-translucentes, plurimilm brersiores foliis, unifiori bracteft 
joHaced supra medium, trifiori eSdem pedicellis lateralibus mbtensA, al- 
ter& minima fiori medio vicind. Cal. persistems coriaceo-herbaceus sericeus, 
citra medium usgne partitus, ex campanulato atgue triplo hremore corolld 
in amplissimum steHato-explanatum procrescem, segmentis obUmgo-acumi- 
natis margine rejlexis. Cor, Arbuti TJnedonis magnitudine vix tequans, 
ockroleuco'ftavescens, opaca, urceolata, citra medium usque b-fidu, ext^ 
obsolete villosa; tubus brevis, oblato-ventricosus ; liinbus b-partitus, con- 
tortus, injrd constrictius connivens, mpeme reJlexuSy laciniis oblongis obtusis 
cum brevi acumine, Stam. 10, effmta, germmi appressa atque wqualia: 
fil. duplicata? breoissima, camosa, robusta, viridia, glabra, imd margine 
tubi inserta: antli* casstE, erecto^continutE, lanceolate, appre&so-hirsut<E, plu^ 
rimUm hngiores^lamento. Germ, ovato-rotundum, villoso-canescens : stylus 
bretis, sericeus, columellaris, in stigmata 5 ^liformia ipso subtequilonga 
glabra apice dilatata discedens. 

** CaL persialit cum foliolis 5 reflexis et virentibus. Pericarpium subro* 
^' tundum fer^ uncialis diametric ad tactum holosericeum, coriaceO'Camosum« 



(( 



*' flavescens, unilocularis, S-valvisj vahis lanceolatis acutis pateiitissimia, 
" Sem. oblooga, subteretia, exiguo mucrone terminata, nitida, castanei 
" colons, k maculS nigr& superafe aetata, numero quidem naturali 10, sed 
plerumque pauciora, dum quaedam abortant, iaclusa et involuta singula 
in proprio glutioe duici fatuo et odore subnauseoso, quod forti frictione 
" inter digitos abscedit. Istiusmodi lobi glutinosi sunt 10 contigui sed 
" sejiineti, et facile ab invic^m separantur baud aliter atque arilli in Malvis. 
*' Hi qui semine carent supernei et infernfe corpusculum castaneum inclusum 
habent; mdimeDtum opinor seminis. Medio fructfl ex receptacuh com- 
mvni columna attoUitur 5-suleata pallid^ flava apice 5-dentata et patula, 
cui lobi glutinosi adhaes^re." Jacq.frag. loc. cit. 






A species judiciously separated by Willdenow in his 
" Enumeratio" from hirsuta^ with which it had been very 
generally confounded. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope. The drawing was 
taken at the nursery of Messrs. Colville, in the King's 
Road, Chelsea; where the plant flowers late in the autumn, 
and is kept in a warm greenhouse. 

The genus does not appear to be even yet satisfactorily 
combined, nor its limits clearly distinguished from Diospy- 
Ros, a species of which forms the subject of the preceding 
article. 

We have not met with the barren-flowered plant of pu- 
bescens; where perhaps the flowers and stamens are more 
numerous than in the present. We apprehend that plants 
of it are occasionally polygamous, bearing some flowers, 
with perfect stamens and pistils, as well as others with 
either only perfect stamens or else perfect pistils. The 
number of the parts of the pistils seems to vary much in the 
diflerent species in the genus. 

An upright ascendingly branching shrub, three feet high 
or more, with a reddish brown bark: the tops of the 
branches and the branchlets villous, round, leafy, flower- 
bearing. Leaves obversely or obovately lanceolate, with a 
slight close-pressed nap on both sides, either obtuse or with 
a short point, long-tapered towards the petiole, shallowly 
revolute at the edge, shining above, opaque underneath, 
from one to three inches long or more; young ones silky 
soft with a shorter point, old ones somewhat coriaceous, 
almost without a nap and having a longer point. Febtilb- 
FLOWBRBD PLANT. Pedunclcs axiUary, racemously disposed 



on the branchlets and tops of the main branches, generally- 
one sometimes 2-3-flowered, recurved, round, appearing 
green through a silky nap, much shorter than the leaves, 
with a foiiaceous bracte above the middle, in the three- 
flowered ones with a bracte subtending each of the side- 
pedicles, and another just below the middle flower. Calyx 
permanent, coriaceo-herbaceous, silky, 5-cleft to beyond 
the middle, from campanulate and three times shorter than 
the corolla growing out into a very large flat star, with 
taper-pointed oblong segments reflexed along the edge and 
at last turned back from the seedvessel. Corolla hardly as 
big as that of the common Arbutus, pale-yellow, opaque, 
ceolate, 5-cIeft to below the middle, obsoletely villous on 
the outside; tube short, oblately ventricose; //mi 5-parted, 
twisted, constricted at the lower part, reflexed at the upper, 
segments oblong obtuse with a short point. Stamens 10, 
abortive, even with and pressed close to the germen : fila- 
ments in pairs? very short, fleshy, robust,, green, smooth, 
inserted round the edge of the bottom of the tube: anthers 
empty, continuously upright, oblong, taper-pointed, hirsute, 
much longer than the filaments. Germen ovately round, 
grey, and villous: *^y/e short, silky, columnar, parting into 
5 filiform smooth stigmas as long as itself and widened at 
the end. 

The following account of the fruit is from Jacquin's 
Fragmenta. 

" Calyx permanent, with five green reflexed segments. 
Seedvessel nearly round, not much less than an inch in 
diameter, velvetty, with a partly fleshy and partly coria- 
ceous rind, reddish yellow, one-celled, 5-valved, valves 
lanceolate pointed opening extendedly. Seeds oblong, 
roundish, terminated by a veiy small macro (distinct sharp 
point), shining, chestnut-brown, marked at the upper part 
with a black spot, natural number when complete !0, 
though they are usually fewer, as some miscarry, each en- 
veloped in its peculiar covering of a glutinous insipidly 
sweet and rather offensively smelling substance, which 
comes off" by rubbing. The number of these glutinous lobes 
is ten; they are contiguous, but detached and easily sepa- 
rated from one another, nearly in the way of the separate 
capsules (or as children call them the cheeses) of the fruit 
of the Mallow. Those that are without seed, enclose a chest- 
nut-coloured corpuscle at both their upper and lower parts, 

u 2 



which I take to be the rudiments of seeds. In the centre of 
the fi-uit rises, from the common receptacle, a 5-furrowed 
pale i-ed-yellow column 5-toothed and spreading at the 
top, to which the glutinous lobes have at one time ad- 
hered." 



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r>oi 

HOVENIA acerba. 

Crah Hovenia. 



PENTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Nat. ord. Rhamni (Rhamne^). Jussieu gen. 376. JOiv. IV. Sta- 
mina petatis opposita. Fructus tricoccus. 

HOVENIA. Ca/. 6-hdus. Petala 5 coDvoIuta. Stamina petalis ob- 
Toluta. Stylus 1 ; stigmata 3. Caps, pisifonnis 3-su1ca 3-locularis 3-valvis 
O-sperma, basi calycis persistente mfrk cincta. (Sem. in loculamento unicum, 
glaberrimum, rubnim). Arbor; folia altema fsttpulacea?); pedunculi axil- 
lares et terminates dickotomi muUifiori, apice post Jlorescentiam divaricati, 
incrassati et carnosi edules sapore dulci, pedicellis brevibus linearibus tmt- 
floris, jlores cadnci, interditm 4-petali 4-andri. Juss. loc. cit. 361. 



Hovenia acerba, foliis opacis pubescentibus integerrimis. Lindley MSS. 

Arbuscula gracilis ramis virgatis divaricatis. Folia ovato-ianceolata, 
acaminata, integerrima, opaca, paulb rugosa, utrinqae pubescentia, stibtii* 

glaucescentia. Flores Fructus ruber i peduncuUs incraasatis, 

Hovenia dulcis multotiis minor, sapore aeerbo. liadley MSS. 



" For this unpublished species of Hovenia we are 
obliged to Mr. Lambert, in whose greenhouse at Boyton, it 
flowered last spring. The fruit (see the detached figure of 
it in the annexed plate) of which only a single sample had 
ripened in August, has an austere flavour very unlike that 
of Hovenia dulcis, which is reported to be exceedingly 
grateful and similar in taste to a Bergamot Pear." 

" There is some uncertainty about the native country of 
the present species. Mr. Lambert's plant is supposed to have 
been raised from fruit introduced from Califoniia. But we 
should rather consider it a native of the East Indies or 
China, both which countries produce Hovenia dulcis; we 
have also noticed in Mr. Cattley's hothouse at Barnet, 
young plants of an Hovenia probably not essentially distinct 
from our present subject, and the seeds from which they 
have been raised were undoubtedly received from Calcutta." 
Lindlei/ MSS, 

In the above observations the term fruit is used, not in 
the technical or restricted signification of seedvessel, but 
in its more general sense, when applied to the esculent part 
of a plant, which in this genus happens to be the forked 



general footstalk (peduncle) on which the short partial ones 
(pedicles) of the seedvessel stand. This enlarges in dulcis 
after the flower decays into an unevenly roundish oblong 
fleshy red fruit, which is eaten both in China and Japan. 

We had no opportunity of describing the flowers of the 
present plant after the draughtsman had done with the 
specimen. 



NOTE. 

In a recent nomber of Curtis's Botanical Magazine \re find that the 
PRUNUS japonica of the 27th article (Volume I.) of this work, is asserted to 
be the Amygd ALUS pumila of IJnnxus; and the stone of the fruit to have 
the character which mariks it for a congener of Amygdalus, and not of 
Prunus. Od both these points we shall make some remarks in the Ap- 
pendix to the present Volume. 




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502 



DIOSMA dioica. Mas. 
Dioicous Diosma. Barren-flowered plant. 



PENTANDRIA' MONOQYNI^. 

Nat* wd^ RuTACBA. JusHeu gen. 260. IHv. IlL Genera Rutaceis 

affinia* 

Dio5ME£< Btwffit gen* rem. in append, to FHnd* wy. 2, 
645. 

DIOSMA. Supra vol 5. foL 366. 



IHv, Agatibosma. Corona i JilamentU 5 aUemU iterilibut cochtearv- 

petahideU, 
B. dioica (mas)^ foliis 1anceolatis> glabris, superioribus verticillato-triQis ; 

floribus axillaribus aggregato-trinis, pedunoulu 2plo breTionbud folio. 

Frutex prolifero-ramo8U8t 2-Z-pedaU$; rami suhvertillati, foHori tereteM 
viUasi virgato-adscendentes, cortice rtthrihfusco rimis striata. Fol. cori- 
aceo-firma, patentissima, angusta, laneeohtta, ^ unciw bnga latiiudine 
Uneari v. sesquilineari mprit ob»curo^mrentia im^ia^ tvd>t^ punctata pruinogo- 
palientia, margine deflexa punctis^e glandtdosis d^iticulata, apice gtandur^ 
ioso acutnlo, costd mprA obsotetiusetdd, it^rd immersd mturatiusgne virente, 
inienoTd^ subdecussato^opposita, ^menoie^ (fioraUa) subverticiUato-irina : pe- 
tiolus brevis, apjyressws. Mas. Flores inodari^ axiUares, per trinos aggre- 
gati; fasciculi soHtariit numerasif infrd 9ummo» ramoM racemosoHUgeBti : 
peduQc. ^Uformeg, un^ori, 2plo Jferi breviareg foUot gbmduloso^>apHloH, 
oracteis pluribus imbricatis minniis crassU cvatis glanduhsis ad batin cincti. 
Cal. peauncuH continuus similith^que papHtosus, crassiuscuius campanulato- 
patens ter v, nltrd brevior coroUA semiG^dns segtnentis angulari-ovatis. Cor. 
pet a a^f disco supeme ertdteseentia, fundo ealgcis inserta, patentia^ 
o^Umga, obinsa^ apice infiexa: corona triph fer^ brmiar cerottd, cannitfens^ 
esp iameUis (staminibus abortivisj 5 obbmgis albis villom tenuibus glanduld 
virescente capitato-apiculatis. FU* setacea^ exserta, erecto-patejtiia, cequa- 
lia ante antnemi A medio duplioatim retrofractmf exind^que erecio-expU- 
ctmda: anth. parvubs, obhnga, obversi 9Msagittut^, ante antkesin bUeo 
fntcogne r^escentea* Pist. obioletiim. 



We do not trace our plant in any published species; nor 
find it in the Banksian or Lambertian Herbariums* It is 
said to be of very late introduction from the Cape of Good 
Hope. The flowers, in all the plants we examined, were 
provided with only a slight rudiment of a pistil in the midst 
of the natural quota of perfect stamens; whence we have 
assumed them to belong to individuals of the barren side of 
a dioicous species, and of which the fertile plant is still un- 
known to us, affording, as far as our acquaintance with the 
subject extends, an anomalous instance in the genus. 



The foliage when handled diffuses the resinous smell 
which belongs, under various modifications, to all the 
genus. 

The drawing was taken at Messrs. Colville's nursery in 
the King's Road; where the plant is kept along with the 
Cape Heaths. 

An upright proliferously branched leafy shrub, about 3 
feet high; branches subverticillate leafy round villous as- 
cending rpdded with a brown streakily cracked rind. Leaves 
substantial, widespread, linearly lanceolate, about | of an 
inch long and about a line or a line and a half broad, dark 
green and smooth above, frosted and pale underneath, de- 
flexed along the edge with glandular specks as if denticu- 
lated, somewhat ovate at the base, slightly pointed at the 
top, midrib obsolete above, underneath deep green and 
sunken; lower leaves decussately opposite, upper (floral) in 
whorls of three; petiole very short. Barren plant. Flowers 
without scent, axillary, congregated in threes; fascicles so- 
litary numerous racemosely disposed along the branches 
below the top : peduncles filiform, oneflowered, about twice 
shorter than the leaves, papulously glandular, environed at 
the base with several minute thick ovate glandular hractes. 
Calyx continuous with the peduncle and similarly papulous, 
thickish, campanulate spreading thrice shorter than the 
corolla or more, half 5-cleft, segments angularly ovate. 
Petals of the corolla white tinged at the upper part of the 
disk with pink, inserted at the bottom»of the calyx, spread- 
ing, oblong, obtuse, inflected at the top: croum (abortive 
stamens) nearly thrice shorter than the corolla, converging, 
of 5 laminar oblong white villous thin pieces surmounted by 
a green gland. Filaments setaceous, protruded, uprightly 
spreading, equal, before complete expansion doubled close 
back from about the middle, gradually extending them- 
selves: anthers small, oblong, obversely sagittate, before they 
shed their pollen reddish and variegated with yellow and 
brown. 



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503 
CYRTANTHUS odorus. 

Sweet- scented Q/rtantkus. 



HEXANDRIA MOyOQYNIA. 

Nat.ord. Narcissi. Jmtieu gen. &4>^ Div, II. 

Amabyllideje. Brown prod. 1. 296. Sect L 

CYRTANTHUS, Spatha uniflora v. umbellato-midtiflora- C<yr, nu- 
tans V. cemua^ elongato-oblonga, tubulato^infundibuliformis, curva, limbo 
regulari subaequali, laciniis oblongis Jauce brerioribus. FiL brcvia, fauce 
long^ supra tubum inserta. Sem. nuiuerosa, biseriato-cumulata, paleaceo' 
compressa, testa fuscati. 

Cmtera omnind Amaryllidis; undi ducrepat limbo breviore fauce, 
non longiore^ filame&tis fauce langi siipro tubum imertU, non ore tubi 
infrafaucem. 



C. odorui, pauci (41) flora; corolla rectiuscula subnutante, fauce angust^ 

turbinata, limbi laciniis fiubdistantibus : antlkeiis fauce iuclusis^ alteniisS 

caeteris pro duplo eorum longitudinis demissioribus : foliis noa glaucis. 

Fol. 2-3^ angusta^ lineari-hrata, deor»um attenuata, longitvdine scapi, 

non fflauca. JJ mheWs. ^fionhus plnribus (4) odoratu punicantibus : pedunc. 

phtriis brevwres fl&rHms^ vel subnuUi, virente$: spama spftacelaia, lanceo- 

lata^ triplo feri bremor umbelld. Cor. anguste tubata, vnciU 2 hn- 

gior, curvo lent obsoletiore nutam: tubus gracilis^ rtftundate trigonus in 

faticem ^EquaHlithr tran»eun$; faux anguste turbinata; limbus tubo cnm 

fauce 4-plo fermi bremar^ patens, laciniig subdutantibm lineari-oblongu 

planis obtusulis exterioribus mbangusticribus acutioribnsgue- Stam. fauce 

incbisa: fil. bremu, conniventia, g^^^ulata, aUema 3 brevmima fauci proximi 

infra limbum inserta antheris incumbentibuSf 3 altera plurimum demimora 

antheris erectis: anth. oblanga, polline ^vo. Germ, oblongum, minimum, 

fusco-virenSy ovulis numerosis compresw biseriato-cumulatis : stylus yf/i/br- 

mi$, medium attingens limbum^ wuprd roseus: stig. 3. 



An unrecorded species, introduced about two years ago 
from the Cape of Good Hope, by Messrs. Colville of the 
Chelsea-Nursery, in the King*s Road, where the drawing 
Tpas taken. It differs from all the species We are acquainted 
with, by the deep crimson hue and fragrance of the flowers: 
specially from coUinus (see v. 2. fol. 162) by a foliage 
which is not glaucous, by a fewer-flowered more upright 
umbel, longer less curved slenderer corolla, more narrowly 
turbinate Sux, less contiguously spreading segments, and 
essentially by having 3 alternate stamens placed lower than 
the others by twice the length of their anthers (when they 
have shed the pollen)'; whereas in coUinus the tips of these 
reach to the base of the three upper, and rather above; 

YOU VI. X 



r 



nor are. there in odorus the six white parallel lines which In 
collinus traverse the germen and corolla longitudinally at 
equal distances. The diflferences of angustyhlius are too 
manifest to require to be particularized. 

Leaves 2-3, narrow, linear-lorate, tapered downwards 
about tlie length of the scape. Umbel several-(4-)flowered ; 
flowers sweet, deep crimson: peduncles several times shorter, 
sometimes scarcely any, green: spathe sphacelate, lanceo- 
late, nearly 3 times shorter than the umbel. Corolla narrow 
trumpet-shaped, more than 2 inches long, nodding with a 
gentle bend; tube slender with 3 rounded corners, passing 
insensibly into the faux; faux narrowly turbinate; limb 
nearly 4 times shorter than the tube and faux together, 
spreading, segments standing apart, linearly oblong flat 
bluntish, outer ones rather narrower and more pointed. 
Stamens enclosed within the faux; Jilaments short, converg- 
ing, subulate, 3 alternate ones very short, inserted close 
below the limb, with incumbent anthers, the other 3 ' in- 
serted pretty far below these, with upright anthers : anthers 
oblong; pollen deep yellow. Germen oblong, very small, 
brownish green; ovula numerous flattish, piled one upon 
the other in two rows : style filiform, reaching to the middle 
of the limb, pinkish above: stigmas 3. 

It should be sheltered during the winter in a frame 
or greenhouse. Flowers in July or August. 



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504 

CALOTIS cuneifolia 

JLachlan Calotte. 



SYNGENESIA POLYGAMIC NECESSARIA. 

Nat. ord. Composite. Adansanfam. 2. 103. 

CoRYMBiF£R£. Jusneu gen. 177* Div. IL Recept, nu- 
dum. Semen papposum. Flores radiati. 

CALOTIS. Recept. epaleatum. Ackenia coronata paleis duabua op- 
positis aristisque 1-3, glochidatis. Invohicrum subsequale, simptici vel du- 
plici serie polyphyllum. Brown MS8. 

Herbge ramosm^ piiosiuscuLs^ Folia altema* Involucra ramos termi- 
nantia, soHtaria^ planimcula, foHacea. ligulse fceminece, numerostB, imbri- 
cate, carulem^ past anthesin ^iralithr revoktttB et diu persistentes. Floscult 
mmmli, quinquefidi, JlavU a^theris ban muticis. Achenia (semina Linn.) 
v^ticalttir compressa, cuneata^ Pc^ipps persiitenSf i paleis iateralibus, 
dilatatisj latwribus qudm Itmgis, auriculiformibus ; et aristis hngiaribut 
Si^iiis duabus (anticd et posticd), extra medium vel apice solum aculeolis 
teverns. Receptaculum scrt^iculatum vel subaheolatwm dowvexum. Brown 
MSS. 



Calotis cuneifolia, foliis cuneatis apice inotso-dentatis* Brtwn MSS. 

Ramuli graciles erecti strictinsculi remote Jhliosi. Folia sessiUa, pa- 
tentia, ^ uncim longa v- circa, dentibus r. lobulis 3-5. Vloiesfoliis remoti, 
diametro mbsesquiunciaH, radio molaceihpalleKie. Involucr. (cal* Idnn.) 
radiato-divaricatum, folioUs subbiseriatis oUongis lanceolatisque, acutulis 
obtusuUsquCf albo-lineolatis. Liguls (flosc. radii) angusta, lanceolato-lineares, 
extHs pibmusadoB, tubo viridissimo piloso: stigmata tenuissima: genn. mar- 
gine virescens, aristis bis bremus: flosc, disci pilosi, tubo graeili pallido 
virescenti, fauce sub^equante limbum recurvum: anth. lutein, mtitris & Juho- 
JuicescentibuSf ipolline albido ; germ, ver/tce mttfico. 'Recept trirens. 



Tbe character of Calotis was formed, but not pub- 
lished, by Mr. Brown about fifteen years ago, from C. 
dentexy a species first observed by himself in New Holland, 
where it is not uncommon in the neighbourhood of Port 
Jackson. The present has been since found, during an ex- 
pedition into tbe interior of the above country, growing on 
the banks of the river Lachlan, in 1817 by Mr. Allan Cun- 
ningham, who is commended by Mr. Brown, as *^ an inde- 
fatigable collector and acute observer.'' It was introduced 
in 1819 at the Physic Garden, Chelsea. 

The generic name has been derived from the two mem- 
branous earshaped palece of the seedcrown, which are con- 
stant in number and form in the only two certain species yet 

X 2 



known, and Constitute the most important character of the 
genus. 

The following is the version of Mr. Brown's valuable de- 
finition of this curious genus. 

Receptacle chaffless. Seeds crowned by two opposite 
chaffs, and from one to three barbed awns. Calj/x nearly 
equal, of many leaflets in one or two ranks. The species 
are herbaceous branching and slightly furred. Leaves alter- 
nate. General calyxes at the end of the branches, solitary, 
nearly flat, foliaceous. Florets of the ray fertile, numerous, 
imbricated, blue, rolled back spirally after expansion, and 
lasting for a considerable time: florets of the disk barren, 
5-cleft, deep yellow. Anthers blunt at the base: seeds 
vertically compressed, cuneate. Seedcrown permanent, con- 
sisting of 2 dilated earshaped lateral chaffs (palece) broader 
than they are long, and of longer awns, generally two in 
number (one in front, the other opposite) and armed idth 
small reversed pickles, mther all the way from above the 
middle or only at the top. Receptacle pitted or lightly 
honeycombed, convex. 

Cuneifolia .is distinguished firom dentex by cuneate leaves 
deeply indented at the top. 

The drawing was made last summer from a plant at 
Messrs. Colville's, in the King's Road, which had been raised 

by Mr. Anderson in the greenhouse of the Physic Garden 

at Chelsea. 



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505 



JASIONE perennis. 
Perennial Sheep's-bil, 



PENTANDRIA MONOGYNIA, (MONADELPHIA PENTANDRIA. Pmoon spnj 

Nat, ord. Campanulace^. Jussieu gen, 163. Br&umnrod, 1. 559. 

JASIONE, Cat &-fidus. Cor. rotata, tubo brevissimo, laciniis S-longis 
linearibus- Stam. 5, antheris in tubum coalitis. Stig, bifidum. Caps. 5- 
gona, 2-locuIaris^ calyce coronata. Flares a^^regati in calyce commuai 
polyphyllo supra receptacuium nudum- Caules smpe simpUces. Capiiula 
terminalia solitaria: flores centrales scepi abortivi stigmate indivisQ, Ba- 
bitus ScabiosjE. Juss. loc. cit 166, 



J. perennis, foliis linearibus sublaevibus planis obtusiusculia. Lamarck encgc. 
3. 216. illmtr. 124. Jig. 2. 

Jasione perennis. Persoon $yn. % 215. Lam. et Decand. fi&r, frai^. 3. 717. 

Sweet hart. sub. Umd. 37. 
Jasione montana (/S.) Willd, sp. pi 1. 888. 
Jasione montana ($,) radice perennL Lin. suppL 392. 
Jasione montana. Villars dauph. % 6^0 ; (fide DecandolhBi.) 

CauUs erectus simplimssimus v. de ban ramosusy inplantS kortensi glaber 
tu ^ontaned jmbescens^ pedalis v. pturimum aUtor, infra medium foliis 
cfemis vestitas. Fol. numerosat sparsa, exadtc linearia, sesquiunciam ad 2 
uncias cum dimidio longa latitudine subbilineariy obtusiuscula, integra, 
planay in plantd cultd subglabra, in spantaned kispidim pubescentia, Capitula 
cangesta, aerulea solitaria, montanse majora, peduneuns aphyllis 6-8 unda- 
libus V. circd insidentia. Involucrum ^ foliolis 12-13 plants korizontalibus 
margine acute at rare dentatis. Lam. loc. cit; (ex gallico versum). 



A species iii'St distinguished from montana by the Che- 
valier de Lamarck, who observes that it not only (Jffers in 
being perennial instead of annual, but likewise in having 
strictly linear leaves, which neither taper downwards nor 
are waved or curled at the edge. It is not noticed in the 
late edition of the Hortus Kewensis, though stated in Sweet*s 
Hortus Suburbanus Londinensis to have been cultivated in 
our gardens in 1787, Native of the South of France. 

The drawing was taken at the nursery belonging to 
Messrs. Colville, in the King's Road, Chelsea, where the 
plant is cultivated in a warm border in the open ground. 

The following description is the English of an article 
of the ingenious and diligent Lamarck, in his Encyclopedic 
Botaniqne. 



Stem upright, either simple or at times branching from 
the base, bare in the garden plant, hairy in the wild one, 
thickly leaved at the lower half, a foot or much more in 
height. Leaves numerous, scattered, exactly linear or 
straight-sided, from an inch and a half to two and a 
half long, about two lines broad, slightly blunted, entire, 
flat, nearly bare in the cultivated plant, slightly furred or 
hispid in the other. Flowers crowded into terminal solitary 
blue heads rather larger than those in montana, each head 
borne on a leafless peduncle about 6 or 8 inches long. In- 
volucre of 12-13 flat horizontal leaflets with a few sharp 
teeth round the edge. 

As yet rare in our flower-borders, though a free and 
abundant flowerer, of long duration and very ornamental. 



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506 

VANDA RoxburghH. 

Chequer-flowered Vanda. 



GYNANDRIA MONANDUIA. 

■^y- oTd. ORCHiDEiE. Jussieu gm. 64. Broum prod. 1. 309. JOiv. 
IV. Anthera terminalis mobili^ decidua. Mame pollinii demCtm cereacese. 
Brow7t in Horf. Kew. ed. 2. 5. 205. 

VANDA. Labellum calcaratum, cum basi simplici (breviusve pro- 
(luctA) eohimiuB aptene continuum, trifidum, lobo medio carnoso. Petala 
pateutia, distiiicta. Massce pollinis 2, obliqu^ bilobse. Brovm MSS. 

Obs. Aerides paniculatum, (suprdv. 3./. 2'2G.) generis pristini specie^ 
impar nimis kuic (monente D. Brown) apti satis asiodan potest. Pa- 
ratiticcB andxe. 



Vanda RoxburghH, ovariis contortis, petalis oblongo-oboTatis uudatis, foliis 

obliqu^ tridentatis. Brown MSS. 
(^mbidium tesselloides. Roxburgh MSS. cwn icone ined. 
VandS, (Sir William Jones in) asiat. res. 4. 302. 



The generic character now ^yen has been formed by Mr. 
Brown, so as to include Aerides paniculatum, published 
provisionally by that generic name in our third Volume 
(fol. 220) ; but now it will be seen that this species is not 
a very close congener of the one before us. The Cymbi- 
DiuM tessellatum of Roxburgh is not included in the present 
genus. 

Mr. Brown had some scruples in not ranking the group 
under Angr^cum of M. Du Petit-Thouars (of which a 
species is given in voy. de Bory de St. Vincent. I. 359. tab, 
19.), not being able from want of sufficient detail in the 
description of the structure of the parts of that genus, to 
decide satisfactorily, whether he ought to do so or not; and 
has at last been determined principally by the label in An- 
GR^cuM being undivided and probably membranous, while 
in Vanda it is three- lobed and fleshy. He expects that 
several species of Swartz's genus Limodorum will be found 
to rank under the present. 

This beautiful parasitic plant was imported by Sir 
Joseph Banks, and flowered last autumn in the hothouse at 
Springrove, now belonging to Lady Banks. It is common 
in most parts of Ben^, and grows on various trees, but 



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principally upon one which bears the Mango. We have 
already spoken of the culture best suited to tropical para- 
sites in the 220th article of this Register. 

The following description is from the manuscript of Dr. 
Roxburgh. 

Stem creeping, sending forth long thick round branch- 
ing fleshy ash-coloured roots, which fasten firmly to the 
" trunk or branches of the tree the plant gi-ows on. The 
plants are seldom more than two or three feet in length, 
for they decay at the base as fast as they shoot from the 
top. Leaves sheathing, bifavious, near together, recurved, 
" linear, keeled, forebitten, about five or six inches long. 
*' Scapes generally axillary, solitary, naked, supporting from 
** six to twelve large beautiful flowers. Petals 5, nearly 
" equal, expanded, oblong, waved at the edge and here 
" and there a little inflected, upper surface chequered with 
" yellow and dusty ferruginous pui-ple, under surface white : 
"label shorter than the petals; spur conical, protruding 
** towards the germen between the two lower petals ; lamina 
" (broad part) oblong, turgid, apex 3-lobed, sides inflected, 
" so as to be convex above and deeply concave underneath, 
" colour blueish purple towards the apex: upper lip or 
" portion which forms the attachment of the base and horn 
" to the base of the column of fructification, with two late- 
" ral obliquely broad lanceolate lobes having acute points 
" incurved towards the summit of the column. Column of 
fructification thick, short, obtuse, open at the inner mar- 
gin next the summit; this mouth or opening tapers down 
through the column into a point, which ends in the cavity 
"of the germen; anther lidded, suborbicular, with two 
" lidded cells for the two globular pollen masses which rise, 
" when the lid is removed gently, with a jerk on their broad 
" cordate filament, which is inserted on the anterior part of 
" the top of the column, by a large funnelform base. If re- 
" moved with less care, and before the pollen masses are 
" ripe, these remain in their cells, and the funnelshaped base 
** of the filament rises erect. Stigma or channel for con- 
" veying the subtle essence of the pollen to the germen, a 
clammy opening in the fore part of the column near its 
top. Pericarp clavate, with six sharp ridges running 
the whole length." Roxb, 



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507 

PASSIFLORA peltata. 

Peltate Passionflower. 



MONADELPHIA PENTANDRiyi. 

Nat ord. PassxplorejE. Jussieu in ann, mus. 6, 102. 
PASSIFLORA. Supra vol l.fol 13, 



Div* (Ebracteatce: apetaltje). Fotiis trilobis. 
P. peZfa/a foliis peltatis profundi trilobis glabris^ lobis lineari-lanceolatis di- 
raricatiSi petiolis biglandulosis, floribus apetalis, H&rL Kew. ed, 2. 4. 
162. 

Passiflora peltata- Cavan. dw. 10. 447- U 274. Willd. sp. pi 3. 617. 

Passiflora hederacea; y. Lamarck encyc. 3. 38. n. 22. 

Orenadilla foUo angusto tricuspidi, fnictA olivsefonni. Taumef. in$L 240. 

Clematis indica^ folio angusto trifido, fnictd olivaeformi. Plum. amer. 70* I. 
86. • 

FrvHcoia, depilis, caule infemh suberoso-corticato ind^ rambque futcO' 
rubentibus subque lente punciiculisjlavis crebrc asperm. Fol. pettata, $ub- 
c<macea, obscuro-viridia, 3-nerria, nitida^ margine subdefiexa ItneAquefitBcA 
ienui circumscripta; superiora majora pabnato-triloba^ lohix disiantibus adpe* 
tiobtm ferh usque dtscretis elongato-ianceolatiSf medio mbmaiore 3-4-uncta/i; 
inferiora minora, bremUs divisa lobis avato-acuminatis: pet. i(sev€S subunciales, 
ad medium drca urceolaio-biglandulosi: stipulae erectcB, plano-mbulatw : 
cirrhi axiUares, nuncjlores intercipientes. Flores apetali absque omni bracted 
wl involucroj chhroleud^ inodori, gemini, axillares, nutantes, diametrofermi 
biunciali: pedunc. Jusco-purpureuSf ^liformis, duplo fere bremor gracilior^ 
que petiolo, paulb swpr^ medium articulatus indique crassior. Invol. 0. 
Cal. Mtellato-parHtus disco piano subtiis subintruso atque decem-toroso: seg- 
menta distantia, recurvo-patentia, d basi laid lineari-atten^ta, ^rmtUa, 
obtusuia* Cor. 0. Corona duplex bisfermh bremor limbo calyds; radii nn- 
merosi, exteriores vtridi-lutescentes lineolis fuscis paucis maculati, ehmgato- 
teretes, obtusi: interiores altemi capiUares, longitudine iantitm opercuU^ 
fusco-purpureip a&o variegati obtusi: <^rculum plicatvm purpurd varium; 
nectarium simplex planum : septo interiori brevi erecto, crasso, margine pruir 
noso, nigroquc'-maculato, Pist* calycem mquans: stipes teres coronam subexcc' 
denspaUidus Hneolis interruptisjkscispunctatus: iil. ligulata, pallida, antherit 
objongis viridibus longiora. Germ. elHpticum glabrum vmde: s^Ii cum 
^tigmatibus clavati, virides, bmgiores germine : stig, subghboso-convexa. 



This pretty species is seldom seen in flower in our col- 
lections ; nor has it been figured in any of the popular 
publications. It comes near to suherosa, and, like that, has 
neither involucre or bractes, nor petals, but differa, besides 
in having th? upper leaves more deeply divided, by all the 
leaves being {>eltate, that is, with petioles inserted \dthin 
the disk and not at the edge as there, and by flowers with 
twice the circuiitference of those of the other. But it comes 

VOL, VI. Y 



still nearer to hederacea, where the leaves are likewise 
peltate, hut larger, and more shallowly divided. 

Native of the West Indies; whence it was introduced 
in 1778. A plant flowered in September in the hothouse at 
the Chelsea Nursery belonging to Messrs. Colville, in the 
King-'s Road; where the drawing was taken. 

The species has been enumerated in Mr. Pursh's Flora of 
North America as a native of Virginia and Georgia; but the 
prototype sample in Mr. Lambert's Herbarium, consists of a 
single detached leaf, procured from some other collection, 
and does not we suspect even belong to the species. 

A smooth twining shrub: stem coated below with a pale 
corky rind, above and at the branches dark red and thickly 
bespnnkled with minute yellow dots, scarcely perceptible 
without a glass. Leaves peltate, subcoriaceous, of a dark 
shining green, 3-nerved, deflexed towards the edge, and 
bordered with a fine dark line, vjiper ones palmately 3- 
lobed, lobes wide asunder, separated almost to the petiole 
long-lanceolate, the middle one rather the largest, 3-4- 
inches in length; lower ones smaller, more shallowly di- 
vided, lobes ovate taper- pointed ; petiole smooth, about an 
inch long, with two small dark red opposite lateral cup- 
ped glands; stipules subulate, flat, upright; tendrils axil- 
lary, sometimes one betweeu the two flowers. Flowers 
without either involucre or bracte, or corolla, whitish green, 
scentless, in axillaiy pairs, nodding, almost 2 inches in 
diameter: peduncle dark red, filiform, nearly twice shorter 
and slenderer than the petiole, jointed a little above the 
middle and thickest beyond the joint. Calyx stellately five- 
parted, slightly dinted underneath the disk with a circle of 
ten shallow nodules: segments wide asunder, recurvedly 
spreading, linear and tapered from a broad base, rather sub- 
stantial, bluntish. Crown of two rows, twice shorter than 
the limb of the calyx ; outer rays numerous gi-eenish yellow 
and slightly marked with dark broken linear stains, fiUform, 
obtuse ; inner ones alternate with the outer, capillary, only 
as long as the lid of the nectary, dark purple mottled with 
white, obtuse: lid (of the nectary) plaited, mottled 
purple; nectary simple, flat, inner wall short upright thick 
frasted and stained \^th black at the edge. Pistil even 
with the calyx: shaft round, rather taller than the crown 
pale, spotted with small dark broken }XxiGs:Jilaments ligulate, 
pale, longer than the oblong green anthers, Germen ellip- 
tical, smooth green : styles clavate, green, longer than the 
germen; sf»gma« subglobularly convex, green. 



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508 



HELIANTHUS atrorubeus 

Shagreen^ leaved Surifiower. 



STNGENESIA POLYGAMIC FRUSTRAl^BA, 

Nat ord, CoMPOSiTiB. Adansonfam. 2. 103*. 

CoRYMBXFEBJE. Jussieu ffcu. 177. IHv. VL Receptaculum 
paleaceum* SemeD apice dentatum aut paleaceum. Flores in plurimis ra- 
oiatiy in paucis flosculosi. Receptacuium Hex^nii ^uAnuditm. 

HE£IANTHU8. Flores radiati^ flosculis medio ventricosis (tubo bre- 
vlssimo angusto) ligulis neutris. Cah magnus imbricatus squarrosus. Sem. 
i^ice 2-paleacea {Ktleis acuminatis deciduis* Recept. planum. Herh<B scepe 
aUisgim^B ; foiia aqtera^ opposita, aufaltema, fiar&t tunlhreg aut termmale$, 
vUerdUm maximi, disco wmnunquam ni6/tuco. Juss. loc. cit 180. 



H. atrarubejtfy totus htspidus; caule supera^ nudiusculo laxfe paniculato, 

foliis spathulatis oTatis crenatis tHpIinerribus scabris^ squamis calycinis 

ovato-UkDceolatis longitudine disci atropuipurei. Pursh amer, sept, 2. 

670. 
Heliaathus atrorubens. Xin, m. pL ed, 2, 2. 1279. Mill, diet ed, 8. n. 0. 

Willd. <p. o/* 9. 2245. Michaux b&r. dnter. 2. 140. Hort. Kew. ed. 2. 

6. 129. NuttaUgen, 2. 177. 
Hdiantiius missuncus. ,Spr0ngel cent spec^ miniis cognit 21. n. 44. 
Helianthus difiusus, Curws mttgaz. 2026. 
HeUantbus foliis oralis crenatis S^nerviia scabris, squamis calycinis erectis, 

longitudia^ dbd. Oran.virg, €d.J3i. 128. 
Coroqa Solis minor disco atrorubente. OilL eUham. 111. t 94, f. 110. 
Cwona Solis caroliniana^ parvis floribus, folio tinervi amplo aspero, pediculo 

alato. Mart, cent. 20. t 20. 

Planta oqM^a^ permnis, ^fiar^unda, tiAtHj^edaU* radioe repente: caules 
plurimi^ teretet^ sCrtpori, rigidi, ramoH; rami ebmgati; diviH, remotisHmc 
altemique foUon corgmboso-fa$tigiantes, rajnuli axillares 9Hbopp<mH pedun- 
culo Umgo tnbaph/Uo strictisrimo strigillaso anguloio-$triato vmfiaro $<epi 
rtAegcent€(haudrard cum folio prope^aretn pasito) termtnati. F^I. sessilia, 
suboppoiita, rarius verHeilmto-trinaf cinereo-virentia, opaca, ntrinque pundit 
cations $etiferis osperrima; inferiora obhmgo-ovata t?. eUiptico-lanceoUttai tn* 
fra cuneato-attenuata atque itttegra, supra appressh »€rrataf media obtoi^a, 
infem^ attenuata, sumuM mathulato-oblonga, altema, integra: majorab-l- 
uncialia latitudi$ie 2-3-uitciaA'. CaK campanulatvs^ atravirens, glamusculns, 
altemi mb^eriatus, arcti imbricatus, breviar dUco, foliolis ovato-lanceolati$, 
dliolatii concaviusculis. Corolla diametro 3-4-tctt<rta^t v. majore: radius neu- 
ter, aur€0-fiav€$een$ flosculis d 16 ardine simpHci adnumerosos ardine duplicCf 
elongato-ohlangis ab uncid brevioribus ad sesquinncid hmgiarei, plicato-stri- 
atis, acutfdis: discus h^apkrotUtut diametro subunciali, ntro^rubcM ; ilosc* 
^vi linUfo nstulato-n^ente, viUoH, tubo bret;immo, fauce lmg& basi ventri- 
cosd, limbo 4'pto hreoiore pmtente laciniis ovatis; germ, ameato-oblongum^ 
sub4gomhcompre89um villosum aWum; pappus palete 2 t^tponta iBnceohtie but 
hrexfwrm Jtf^cuio, ramentis bretnssimis imtermediir connexa : stig. vitelHna, 
linearia, revoluta: anth. uMtulato-fuMecs^ pollitiej^ro. Reccpt, convexum^ 
paleaceum, ipdleis navicularibui awo-striatitf carina ciliatisp apice pnrpureo- 
virent^hufmiicatix viUosis cUiatit. 

V 2 



Helianthus, with the exception of one or two of the 
species, is confined to North America. The present species, 
in our view, is one of the most attractive of the hardy 
ornaments of the pleasure-ground, being neither so tall nor 
heavily leaved as the others, and producing from its nu- 
merous subdivided stems a profusion of the gayest co- 
loured blossom that suffers no intermission from August 
to October. It seems to do best in a strong clayey soil. 
Mr. Nuttall found it all over Upper Louisiana, others 
in Perisylvania and Carolina. The I'oot is creeping, and 
affords the easiest means of propagation. The flowers 
vary much in size, and are seen from about 2J to near 5 
inches in diameter, even on the same plant, having some- 
times a small spatulate leaf on the peduncle just below the 
calyx, at other times none within a foot or more of the 
flower. The foliage, which grows chiefly on the lower part 
of the plant, is of an opaque dull dusty green, with a sur- 
face as rough as shagreen, and nearly as hard as emery 
paper, and makes but little appearance; the branches, the 
divisions of which are terminated by long oneflowered 
straight upright generally leafless peduncles, present a loose 
spreading corymb of flowers at the height of about 3 feet or 
more. 

Cultivated by Dr. Sherard, in the celebrated garden at 
Eltham, before 1732; but seems to have become rare, till 
lately introduced by Mr. Lambert, who mised his plants 
from Louisiana seed. The drawing was taken at the collec- 
tion of Comtesse de Vandes, Bayswater. 

The Composites (commonly called Syngenesious plants) 
form the tenth class of Jussieu's arrangement, and are 
divided into three orders; viz. Cichoraceoe, C'marocephalcet 
and Corymhiferce, Since this division, the study of the class 
has occupied much of the attention of Messrs. Cassini and 
Brown ; but no definite arrangement has been given to the 
public, since that of Jussieu. 

The following valuable observations are from Mr. 
Brown's Remarks upon the Congo Herbarium. 

" Composite. It is unnecessary here to enter into the 
question whether this family of plants, of which 3000 species 
are already known, ought to be considered as a class or as 
an order merely; the expediency of subdividing it, and 
affixing proper names to the divisions) being generally ad- 



iD 



»» 



mitted. The divisions or tribes proposed by M. Cassini, In 
his valuable dissertations upon this family, appear to be the 
most natural, though as yet they have not been very sa- 
tisfactorily defined." 

" Baron Humboldt has stated, that Composifrv form one 
sixth of the Pheenogamous plants * within the tropics, and 
that their proportion gradually decreases in the h 
tudes, until in the frigid zones it is reduced to 
teenth. But in the Herbarium from Congo Composlfcc fori 
only one twenty-third, and both in Smcathman's collcctio 
from Sierra Leone, and in Dr. Roxburgh's Flora Indica, a sti 
smaller part, of the Phsenogamous plants. In the norther 
part of New Holland they form about one sixteenth; and i 
a manuscript catalogue of plants of equinoctial America, i 
the library of Sir Joseph Banks, they are nearly 
proportion 

** In estimating the comparative value of these different 
materials, I may, in the first place, observe that though the 
herbarium from Congo was collected in the dry season of the 
country, there is no reason to suppose on that account that 
the proportion of this family of plants, in particular, is ma- 
terially or even in any degree diminished, nor can this ob- 
jection be stated to the Sierra Leone collection, in which its 
relative number is still smaller. 

To the Compositce in Dr. Roxburgh's Flora Indica, how- 
ever, a considerable addition ought, no doubt, to be made; 
partly on the ground of his having apparently paid less at- 
tention to them himself, and still more because his cor- 
respondents, whose contributions form a considerable part 
of the Flora, have evidently in a great measure neglected 
them. This addition being made, the proportion of Compo' 
sitce in India would not differ very materially from that of 
the north coast of New Holland, according to my own col- 
lection, which I consider as having been formed in more fa- 
vourable circumstances, and as probably giving an approxi- 
mation of the true proportions in the country examined. 
Baron Humboldt's herbarium, though absolutely greater than 
any of the others referred to on this subject, is yet, with rela- 

* That portion of the vegetable creation where the stamen and pistillum 
are manifest, as distinguished from Crj-ptogamoiis and Agaraou*; plants, 
where the existence of these parts is either only presumed from analogy, as 
in the first of the two, or denied altogether, as in tht latter. 



j> 



ec 



tion to the vast regions whose vegetation it represents, less ex- 
tensive than either that of the north coast of New Holland, 
or even of the line of the Congo. And as it is in fact as 
much the Flora of the Andes as of the coasts of intratropical 
America, containing families nearly or wholly unknown on 
the shores of equinoctial countries^ it may be supposed to 
have several of those families which are common to all such 
countries; and among them Compos'itce, in very different pro- 
ortion. At the same time it is not improbable that the re- 
ative number of this family in equinoctial America, may be 
greater than in the similar regions of other intratropical 
countries; while there seems some reason to suppose itj.con- 
siderably smaller on the west coast of Africa. This dimi- 
nished proportion, however, in equinoctial Africa would be 
more remarkable, as there is probably no part of the world 
in which CompositcB form so great a portion of vegetation as 
at the Cape of Good Hope." 



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509 



HiEMANTHUS caiueus 

Hairy pink Hcemanthus. 




IIEXANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 



Nat. ord. Narcissi. Jussieu gen. 54, 



ermen 



AMARYLLiDEiE. Broicu pTod. 1. 29G. Scct. L Radix 
bulbosa. Flores spathacei umbellati, rar^ solitarii. 

HjEMANTHUS. Snprd vol. S.fol. 181. 

Ocs. In genuine H^manthi cainei ovula hiversa summo an(jido locntla- 

mentorum affixa. Vix character in genere constans? 



H. carneus, foliis 2 rotundo-ovatis acuminatis capoque pilis retrorsis uu- 

dique hirsutis, spatha sphacelata reflcxa umbella breviore, staminibus 

inclusis. 

Bulbus ^ laminh hnhricato-bifariis introrsum qradatlm hngioribiis com- 
presso'conicus. Toh scapo tardiora duploqne hreviora^ erecto-divergentla ptt- 
bescentiam canain viridi-translucentia. Scapus (subspithamceus) compresso-co- 
lumnaris robustiiSy marmorathnpur purascens, retrorsim pilosus. Spatha iwi- 
parittr plurivalvis sphacelato-membranaceaf valvis rejtexis lanceolatis: um- 
bella laxiUs multijlora, pedicellis teretihus subrubeiitibiis glabris: cor. Iceti 
carnea, semunciam circittr longa, tiirbinafa; tubus 3'4plo brevior limbo 
patente cequali; laciniae ovali-v. obver so- oblong ce. Stam. erecta; fil, duplo 
breviora limbo^ disco tubuloso corolla: adnata^ alterni subiongiora, alba^ 
itricta, subulata, ciassiuscula : anHi. erectui, introrsce, ovali-oblongce, breves, 



parvulu 



\ffix(E, poUine /?( 



viresceiis ; loculamenta monosperma, ovulis ohloiigiiisculis summo angvlo 
hculamenti affixis. Caps, subglohosa, hitescens, magniiudine Pisi vel 
circittr. 



An unpublished species, agreeing with lancecvfoUus in 
several peculiarities which distinguish that species among its 
congeners, but differing specially from it by shorter and 
broader leaves shaggily furred on both sides, and by stamens 
shorter than the corolla instead of overtopping it. Its in- 
volucre or spathe is not coloured, nor disposed in the up- 
right posture, that affords the corollalike appearance ob- 
servable in the majority of this genus, as far as yet known. 

The three ovula of the germen of our plant were at- 
tached each to the upper corner of its cell and pointed di- 
rectly downwards. We are not aware how far this circum- 
stance extends in the genus, but shall attend to the investi- 
gation of the circumstance. 



Introduced about two vears ago from the Cape of Good 



Hope by Messrs. Colville, 
Road the present drawing 
last. 



y in the King 
made the summer before 



Biilh comprcssedly conic, lamin<3e bifarious imbricated, 

Leaves two, opposite, round -ovate. 



inner ones 



longer. 



with a short point, coming up after the scape, shaggily and 
reflexly furred on both sides, twice shorter than the scape. 
Scape about 7 inches long, comprcssedly columnar, purplish, 
mottled, reflexedly hairy. Spathe of several unequal lan- 
ceolate valves, aridly membranous, refiexed. Umbel loosely 
manyflowered : pedicles smooth, filiform, reddish: corolla 
brightish pink, about half an inch long, turbinate, tube 3 
times shorter than the spreading equal Umbj 



segments 



ovally 



or obversely oblong. 



Stamens upright; Jilaments 



twice shorter than the limb, adhering to the short tubu- 
larly contracted disk of the corolla, white, stiff, subulate, 
thickish, alternately longer; anthers upright, ovally oblong, 
short, mucronate (tipped with a short distinct point), fixed 
on near the base at the back ; pollen deep yellow. Germen 
roundish furrowless streakless, not much bigger than a 
grain of mustard-seed, smooth, green tinged with red; cells 
oneseeded, ovula somewhat oblong, turned downwards. 

Capsule about the size of a pea, of a yellowish dingy green 
colour. 



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510 



PLUMERTA tricolor 

Tricolor Plumeriu. 



I'ENTA XI )RI A MOXO G YNIA. 



^at. ord. Apocyne^t. Jmsieu gen. 140. Die. I. Gcniifii duplex, 
rructus bifollicularis. Soniina non papposa. 

PLUMERIA. Suprdfol.Am. 



P. tricolor, foliis oblongis ac'utis acuminatisfiuo, margiiiibiis planis corullis 



1.268 



Yuracppaco Suclio, Peruviant. 




I 



ruhris: petioli ad 6as/M internam glandulis duobus cunucxis. Peduiicul 

striati rubicundi pubcsccntcs mnbcUato-cymosi nmltiflori; pedicclli gemini 

nnijlori, bractcol^ ovatd concava caducd svjfulti. (jal. rubicundus qulngue- 

crenafus pubcsccns. Cor. odnratissima, "pnliicaris: tubus rectus ruber: faux 

aocci coloris: liiubus patens, infils albo-roseiis, extits diinidiatim ruber et 

albus. FoIIiculi spithutiuei, fnsci: sem. fusco-pallentia. Kuiz ct Pavon 
loc. cit. 



This is the second species of this fine genus, for the intro- 
duction of which we are obhged to Mr. Lambert, by whom 
the sample for the drawing was kindly sent, from his col- 
lection at Boyton-house, where the plant flowered this 
summer. It was raised from seed from the West Indies; 
and requires to be kept in the hothouse. 

As far as we can judge from the figure of Plume ria 
tricolor in the Flora Peruviana, and the prototype sample 
received from M. Pavon, now included in Mr. Lanibcrt's 
Herbarium, we should think our plant of that species. It 
is extremely difficult however to distinguish between caii- 
nata and tricolor of the above Flora, owing to the dilapi- 
dated state of the samples, as well as the pointless descrip- 
tions and indifferent figures. The flowers of both are de- 
scribed of the same colour. The petioles of the leaves 
indeed seem throughout much longer in tricolor than in 
carinata; and it is this circumstance that has chiefly de- 
cided our opinion in regard to the present plant. 

VOL. VI, z 



Tricolor is much cultivated in the gardens of Peru; and 
is described as follows, in the Flora Peruviana. 

* 

A tree from thirty to forty feet high, full of mill^likc 
juice: stem upright, round, ash-coloured on the outside; 
branches forming a large round head, forked, crooked, brittle, 
fall of pith, thick, scarred where the foliage has fallen off. 
Leaves scattered, oblong, pointed at both ends, entire, flat 
at the edges, reticulately veined, with larger horizontal red 
side-veins which are scarcely imbowed: 2}etioIes furnished 
with two small connected glands on the inside of their base. 
Peduncles fluted, red, pubescent, umbcllatcly cymose, 
manyflowered; pedicles in pairs, oneflowered, furnished at 
the base with an ovate concave caducous hractelet. Calyx 
reddish, 5-notched, furred. Corolla very fragrant, more 
than an inch in diameter: tube straight, tq^: faux saffron- 
coloured: limb spreading, white and rose-red within, seg- 
ments on the outside white and red by halves. Follicles 
(indehiscent seed vessels) a span long, brown: seeds pale 



brown. 



# 



state. 



We had no opportunity of inspecting the plant in a fresh 




We 



W 



but the corollas had closed, and could not be brought to expand again so 
as to serve the purpose of our draughtsman. 



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511 



GRIFFINIA parviflora. 

Small'JUywered Griffinia. 



HEXANDUIA MONOGYXIA. 



Nat. ord. Narcissi. Jussieu gen. 54. Div. IL 

Amaryllide^e. Brown prod. 1. 29G. Sect. L 

GRIFFINIA. Nobis suprii foL verso 444. in notL Spatha l)ivalvis 

nmldla polyanthft brevior. Cor. infuiulibuliforrais, nutans; txthus brevis; 

limhus C-partitus inacqualis bilabiato-campaniilatus. Fil suiiimo tubo iiiserta, 

altera^ longiora, unum assurgens, ca.^tera declinata: anth. incunibtntos. 

Germ. 3-loculare; ovulis 2 parallelo-erectis iaio cujusque loculaiucati an^ilo 

annexis. Stylus tristriato-filiformis : stig. simplex. Capmla pedunculata, 

membranacea: $em. subsolitaria, obovata, nitida, apice chalazi fuscf\ in- 
signita. 

Bulbus tunicatus. Flores scapum suhcyliytdriaim terminanfes, violacco at 
albo varii. FoL 2-3, coriacea, petiolata, lamina ohlonga costato-yiervosA, 
reticidato-venosd. D Iff ert Am ARYLLIDB, stamiue mwo cc(:teromm directions 
deflectente; ovxAis par allelo-gemelUs erect is f undo loculamentorum insitis; 
folm petiolatis, cum nervis pluribus longitudiaalibus costato-promlncntilm. 

Semina, secundum observationes Dom. Bro^vn, obovata, ventricosa, wi- 
tentia ochroleuca ; umbilicus basilaris: apex chdXvizh fused insignitns; raphe 
tenuis, immersa: intogiimentum duplex, exterius membranaceum nitens, per 
lentem pulchre areolatum, ventre longitudinalittr incrassatum, prcescrtim in 
regione umbilici; membrana propria tenuissima, albumlni udhcerens, separa- 
bilis tamcn, evasculosa, basi chalazic inserta aeterum libera: albumen semini 
coTiforme, densi camosum: embryo axilis, longitudine dimidii albuminis, cy- 
Ihulraceus; radicnlti umbilico approximata, apice exser to. Brown IMSS. 



G.parvi^ora, foliis ovali-Ianceolatis petiolo transversa ancipiti; unibella in- 

signiiis pedunculata; corollae laciniis uniformibus. 

Bulbus ovatus, ovum columbinum mole subcequnns. Folia Griffin IjE 
hyacintliinx minora; petiolo transverse compresso. Scapns tereti-mbcom- 
pressHs. Spatha arida, rejiexa, valvis lanceolatis. Cor. lilacino-pnllesccns, 
turbinato-rotata, | uncice longitudine vix excedcns: tubus germinis con- 
coloris isoperimctri continuus, viultotics brevior limbo: limbi' lacinia^ 
labium superius const iluentes, altera porrectior inferius; omnes spathulato- 
lanceolatcE, 3 exteriores mucronatcBy 



'/ 



proximio) 



qnisplurimum minor, albicans. Stam. bis fere breviora limbo: txLviolaceo- 
filbicantia, subulato-Jiliformia. Germ, ovali-ohlongum, lucidum: stylus t^'o- 
faceo'pallescens, rectior, subidato-fUformis, str ictus, triqueter, puucto stig- 
matoso nudo acuto tenninatm. Sem. obova to-oblong a, lucida, vielino ei 
fusco varia^ maqnitudine Pisi qrandivsculi. 



This genuSy founded on Amaryllis hyacinthina^ was pro- 
posed in a note at the end of the 444th article of our Re- 
gister. Since then the present species has been introduced 

z 2 



from Bahia in the Brazils, by the gentleman whose liberal 
exertions in favour of Botany are intended to be commemo- 
rated by the generic name. It flowered last autumn in the 
hothouse at South Lambeth. 

The principal points by which Gbiffinia is distinguished 
from Amaryllis, are, the having one stamen which assumes 
a different direction from the other five ; a germen in which 
every cell contains two upright parallel ovula affixed to 
its lower corner; and by the petioled prominently ribbed 
fohage. 

In a plant of Guipfinia h^acinthlna, that flowered last 
summer at Mr. Griffin's, we were made to observe a thick 
brownish crenulated cartilaginous ridge or margin that rah 
along opposite sides of the scape, overlooked by us when we 
described the plant, and of which there is no appearance 
in G. parviflora. If this circumstance is constant, and we 
have been assured it is, it forms a curious specific mark. 

Bulb in parviflora tunicated and about the size of a 
pigeon's egg. Leaves 2-3 much smaller than those in hi/a~ 
cinthina; petiole transversely compressed and two-edged; 
blade ovally lanceolate. Scape cylindrical, compressed. 
-^aMe sphacelate, reflexed, valves lanceolate; «ffi6e/ many- 
flowered, stalked. Corolla of a very pale violet colour, 
turbinately rotate, scarcely above f of an inch long: tube 
continuous with the germen and of the same diameter and 
colour, many times shorter than the limb: segments of the 
limb nearly uniform, 5 forming the upper lip, a single one 
the lower; the wliole of them spatulately lanceolate, three 
outer ones tipped with a distinct point (mucronate), 3 upper 
ones deeper coloured and nearer to one another, the upper 
middlemost one rather the broadest, two lateral ones wider 
spread, the lowermost one of all much smaller and paler 
tlian any. Stamens almost twice shorter than the limb: 
^filaments of a diluted violet colour, taperingly filiform. 
Germen ovally oblong, shining: st^le nearly the colour of 
the filaments, straighter than them, subulately filiform, 3- 
cornered stiff; stigma a simple smooth terminating point. 

We are to thank Mr. Brown for the description of the 
seed of this genus; the nature of which had been miscon- 
ceived until the present subject was subniitted to the test 
f>f his accurate and skilful investigation. 



J72 




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5n 

ARUM lenuifolium. 
Grass- letwed Italian Arum. 



M0N<EC1A POLYASDRIA. 

Nat.ord. Aroidb^. Justieu gen, 22. Die. I. Spadix spathi involutta, 

Aroidks (includentes t^ Tgpka$ qiUkm Aroideas Jussieuii). 
Brown prod. 1. 383. Sect. I. Florea declines; Peiianthio (Calyce) nuUo, 
Aroideee vera. 

ARUM. Suprdfol. 450. 



Div. AeauUa, foliit hmpHo&Mi. 
A. tenu^olium, acaule; foliis (tardioribus,scap4>)aD|n8to-lai)ceolatis, spatha 

Bubrecurva, spadice lonso venuifonni aeuto dedinato. Lamarck encyc. 3. 

10. M. 10. 
Arum tenuifolium. Linn. sp. pi. ed. 2. 2.1^70. J^Ul. diet. ed. 6. n. 5. 

Willd. tp. pi. 4. 486k enmn. 2. 980; (exditso ptOdm *gnan. Oron. orient. 

ad Arum gramuieum. Russeli alepp. % 304. pertinent*). Hort. Kew. 

ed. 2. 5. 300. 
Arisarum angustifoHum Omitbogali lutei fade. £o&eI adv. 260, 261. 
Arisanim angustifoHum. Clu$. hi$t. 2. 74. 

Folia tardiora Jlore, radicalia, at^ustat lanceaiata, graminis vet Scor- 
zonercB peni instar, glabra viriMa 7-8-i«chu haga, demrtim ttdnittenuata, 
basi equitantia. Caulis drerunmtu vagin&_jtiembnKliace& inclusus: spatha 
elongata, acuminata, recunmla: smdix loHgiUt grae^, vermtformis, acutvst 
rubens, extra ^Mttkam inclinatu$. Lam. loc. cH. (ex ^1. vers.) 



Native of Italy; and said to have been cultivated here 
in 1570; though we had never met with a plant of it till last 
summer, when an imported one, from Italy, flowered in the 
greenhouse of Mr. Griffin at South Lambeth, where the 
drawing was made. 

The species has been inserted in some of the Floras of 
France, as native of that country; but in the sixth Volume 
or Supplement of the Flore Fran9oi8e by M. dc Candolle, 
we are told it is not a plant of that country, and has been 
enumerated as such through mistake. 

- The Arum, generally adduced for this species from the 
" Flora Orientalis" (a work compiled by Gronovius from 
the Herbarium collected in the Levant by Rauwolf) is very 
different from tenuifolium, and belongs to Arum gramineum 
of Dr. Russeirs Natural History of Aleppo, as is proved by 
samples preserved in the Banksian Herbarium. In that the 
spathe is far broader and shorter, the spadix upright and 



clavate (not inclined and tapered), the leaves much narrower, 
and not produced after the flower has faded, but in perfec- 
tion at the same time with it; and is on this account we 
believe different also from the Arum gramineum of La- 
marck's Encyclopedic. 

We know of no certain figure of tenuifolium subsequent to 
the cut we have cited from Clusius's work. 

The following is from the French of M. de Lamarck : 

Leaves appearing later than the flower, all upon the root, 
lanceolate, very like those of Viper's Grass (Scorzonera), five 
or ten inches long, smooth, tapering a little downwards, 
striding at the base. Stem exceedingly short, enveloped 
in a membranous sheath. Spathe terminal, long, taper- 
pointed, slightly recurved. Spadix (receptacle of the flowers 
and fruit) long, slender, vermiform, taper-pointed, red, 
bending forwards out of the spathe. 

The fruit, according to Clu»as, white and only just 
raised out of the ground. 

Tenuifolium, gramineum (Russell), and gramineum 
(Lam.) have all of them undivided grassy leaves, though 
variously modified in each species, and are all in so far 
anomalies in the genus. 



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513 

IXORA Bandhuca. 
Bushy laoota, Bandhuca 



TBTRANDRIA MONOGYSIA. 

iVaf. ortf. B.UBIACRS. JiuneN i/en. 196. Z>to. VI. Fnictus monocar 
pus bilocularis dispermus. Stam. 4. Folia opposita, caulis plenltnique Iru 
tescens. 

IXORA. Suprd voL 2. foL 100. 



I- Sandhuca, fniticosa; foliis oralflnis ttmplexicaiilibiu corymbis congestis : 

corollie kciniis oratis obtuas, bacds calyce patente conmatia. RoaA. 

jUrr. ind. 1. 386; ("eat tmgt)^ 
Bandhuca. (^t WiUiam Janet in) atiat. re$. (Calattta edit.) 4. 260. n. 13; 

(exchuo $ynonyiao IxoajB cocdneae Zmt. ^me ett gmndioora, twprd vol. 

2.foll54.) 

Vrutex dumosuMt rami$ mtmerorig fieawmt. Fol. obbmga p. obovato- 
ohlanga, obtusa acumine brevi nervit iateraWnu horixoutali-dwaricatis: 
stipulae ^Uringne bracteteqve subulato-cu^ndatce cum apiculo rubeMte lanu- 
pinoso ; bractese gumma angm$tiores cafyoi subteiucE triptoque hrevumt. Cymae 
tubfoliosa conferta mbdivwB, pedieeUis un^ori$ breviuimu. Cal. panmbUf 
ovatna, obsolete lanugiawsu»t limbus erecAu tubo tubarcttor triptoque brwivr 
tegmenti* ocato-acamiatUik coloratia. Cor. exttti kmugine mmutiuimd opa- 
eata, limbus piw Atpih bremor tiibOf kc. oeati* cbtwuUa ad latera btueot 
d^flexis brevique trnguieiUfitaa ammlimtibus. VH. oolaraia, tubrobuKta, 9-ph 
uUr^ve breviora anthoris -^vu itmeeoiatit muermmtis atqne basi utringue 
glanduU t^tutd productig. Stigma eactertum, obba^uMt bUobo-partituM, 
(Bacca cafyee patemti-penittente eonmata.) 



We owe the introduction of this fine species, as well as 
that of its congener grandiflora (published in the second 
Volume of this work, fol. 154), to Sir Abraham Hume. 
Ilie plant, of which a sample was imparted to us, flowered 
this summer (for the first time) in the hothou^ at Worm- 
leybury, where it had been cultivated for at least six years. 

The following is the account of the species by Dr. Rox- 
burgh. 

" A bushy shrub, uncommonly full of branches; native 
of Hindustan, the flower of which, according to Sir Wil- 
liam Jones, is often alluded to by the best poets of India. 
It is in bloom nearly the whole year, but principally during 
the rains ; when it is highly ornamental." 

" Stem none, but branches innumerable; these divide 
much and feather down to the ground, forming a large 

4 



hemispherical bush: hark of the older branches dark brown 
and rather rough, of the younger shoots smooth and green. 
Leaves opposite, stemclasping (or rather appearing so, for 
in fact they have a short upright close-pressed petiole, 
above which the base of the leaf is bent so as to form a 
slight sinus that stands close to the branch, looking as if it 
sun'ounded or clasped part of one side of it), oblong, ob- 
tuse, with a small point, entire, firm, smooth on both sides: 
stipules interfoliaceous, annular, with a subulate process on 
each side. Corymbs terminal, crowded, repeatedly divided, 
divisions short, (pedicles very short). Flowers numerous, 
bright crimson-scarlet; or scarlet at first and afterwards 
crimson: bractes opposite, conic, acute, Ca/i^j? 4-toothed, 
coloured, permanent. Corolla: tube long (twi?e the length of 
the limb or more), slender; segments ovate, rather obtuse, 
spreading. Filaments short (red), inserted without the mouth 
of the tube, spreadingi anthers linear (lanceolate adnate in- 
wards^ thrice longer than filaments, mucronate). Germen 
2-celled, one ovulum in each cell attached to the middle of 
the partition : style length of the tube ; stigma (clavately con- 
tinuous, deep red, oblong) bifid. Berry spherical, as big as 
a large pea, smooth, fleshy, when ripe purple, 2-ceUed: 
seeds solitary, oval, convex on the outside, flat with a deep 
dint on the inside ; coats two, outer nucamentaceous, inner 
membranous ; albumen of the shape of the seed, cartilaginous, 
rudiment of the future plant erect, curved, nearly as long as 
the albumen: cotyledons uniform, cordate; radicle inferior, 
cylindrical, longer than the cotyledons." 

" Differs fi*om grandijiora (see vol. 1. fol. 154), in being 
a very full-branched spreading bush; while that is much 
thinner of branches and a tall arborescent shrub ; in having 
apparently stemclasping obtuse leaves, while in that they 
are sessile and sharp-pointed, without any appearance of 
clasping the branches ; in having ovate bluntish segments to 
the corolla, while in that they are ovately lanceolate and 
pointed ; and lastly by the berry being crowned with an 
open permanent calyx, while in that the calyx is closed by 
the conically converging segments." 



5//^ 





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514 



PYRUS salicifoUa. 
ff^tUow' letwed Pettr'tree. 



ICOSANDRIA PESTAOYNIA. , 

NaL ord. Rosacea. Jmsieu gat. 334. Div. L Germen umplex, in- 
fenim, polystylum. Pomum calycino limbo umbilicatum, moltiloculare. 
Arbores ant fruticeg. Pomace£. 

PYRUS. CaL fr^entatus. PetaUt subrotunda. Pomvm clausum 
Woculare, putamiDe cartilMoeo. LocuH diapermu Terto cartilagmea. 

AxhoKS V. whnaculx ( Ettropte Atia et America tqttenirionalU). Folia 
twtpHeia v. comporita $erraia. Cyinse patent^,, termmales, muHiJhra, 
Bracteae tvbuiata!, decithuE. Petala ndjrotMnda, patentia, v. ereeta, tem 
coMOBra, conadveRtia. &t^\\ glabri v. bankatnii, Hberi v. partim coftermtM, 
LiQdley pomac. in tnas. linn. soc. 13. 97. 



Div. I. Folia aimplieia. 
P. salicifoiiat foliis Uneari-lanceolatis utrinque acvtis subcrengl^is pobes- 

centi-canis, ^ribus corymbosis. Martck. d bieb.flor, tour. cauc. 1. 390. 
Pyrus salicifoUa. Lhm. suppi. 256. Path it. 3. 734. t. N. /^. 3. Pall. 

ross. I. 20. t. 9. Sort. Kew. 2. 170. ed. 2. 3- 210. Wilid. tp. pi. 2. 

1020. enunt. 1. 527- 
Pyrus sylvestria orientalise folio oblongo incano. Toumef. cor, 43. 
" Arbor dtuNoca, orgyali* v. $e$quiorggalis, ramo^imma, i radiee noi- 
cresceni. Truncus rar^ diameiro Ksqu^p^HoBori cram/ca; cortice tenui extii$ 
cinereo-Jvs<xscente wbHasiH, ligno aWo vmformi duristimo oasees instar ntb- 
stantia ItBvigando, Rami extremi r^idi recti epidermide kevifiuco-teitacea, 
canitie quasi obdueta: antiquiores ramttlis patentimntis tpvieteentibvs folii- 
J'eri$ vehiti stimuHs infesti; juniores altemis obsiti turionibus aeu apcphysiims 
ntgoso-verrucosis d quorum apice foUa et fiorH, quaqne in rmnoM erescere 
deinde pergwU. Fof. circa turiones quatifaaeiculaia, m ^neicenWm* ramis 
altema $par$a, in petiobtm attcHuata, Utnceolata, rigidiuscula, pterHmgue 
integerrima, pas^m versus apicem su^errata, tomento km obdut^a, si^d 
obscuriUs viridifl, tt^tHs ghuco-canescentia, shnillima Salicis incubacex„ 
Stipulae 0. Pomum apice apophyseos folioste sessilis, plervmque solitarium 
(baud rarb geminum) tw^nalum subvillosum, basi cgntutraceo-atteMuatum, 
suprd rotundum, tvflyce et staminum r^eseenfium Jilamentis circa umbiHcum 
cavum coronatum; Biem. luteihtettac^, owtta, acuta, h^nc plana. Pall. 
ross. loc. cit. 



On remodelling the genera In a late treatise on the 
natural group Pomacece, Mr. Undley has not followed M. 
de Jussieu in detaching the genus Malus from Pyrus; 
observing that although the styles in Malus are united 
towards their base, yet that this circumstance is scarcely of 
(syen specific importance, since it occurs in Crat^gus 

VOL. Yi. a A 



Oxyacantha^ which has commonly separate styles, and is 
variable in CHi^iNOMELES and Amelanchiek Botryapium. 

The Willow-leaved Pear was introduced by Chevalier 
Pallas in 1780; and does well with us in the open gi'ound. 
It has been observed wild in Persia, in Iberia, in the vi- 
cinity of Tifllis, on the plains of Mount Caucasus, in Siberia, 
on the banks of the Terek, and in the Levant. We have no 
figure of it in any of our popular publications. 

The fruit shown in our plate is of the full size; though it 
finally turns brown. The flesh is thin, granulated, and of a 
stony hardness. The tree is bushy and grows to the height 
of from six to twelve feet, with a stem that seldom exceeds 
two inches in diameter, the wood of which is exceedingly 
hard, white, and close-grained, being said to polish nearly 
as well as ivory. The flowers grow many together in a 
corymb; but scarcely ever more than two, and generally 
only one, in each corymb, produce fruit even on the native 
tree. 

The author of the Flora Taurico-caucasica distinguishes 
the species of this article from P. elceagrifoUa of the same 
regions, by the narrower shglitly undulated leaves with a 
thinner silvery fur, and by the same being sometimes glan- 
dularly, though faintly, crenate, as well as by a style longer 
than the stamens. 

The following is our english version of Mr. Lindley*s 
restricted character of the genus: " Calyx 5-toothed. Petals 
nearly round. Fruit (Pome) closed at the top, 5-celled, 
with a cartilaginous shell or cell-case (putamen). Cells 2- 
seeded. Seedcoat cartilaginous." 

The genus is airanged under three divisions, and is 
composed at present of 24 certain and 3 doubtful species, 
to which, Mr. Lindley says, several undescribed ones from 
India, in the Banksian and Lambertian Herbaiiums, are to 
be added, as well as one from Mexico in Mr. Lambert*s 
possession. 

Pyrus, under this limitation, does not appear to have 
any recorded representative of the type, either in South 
America or in South Africa. 



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515 



CORR^A alba. 
IVhite CorreUy or Botany-Buy l^^a-iree. 



CORRJEA. Suprd vol. X.foL 3 



OCTANDIUA UOXOOYNiA. 

ippend. ip Fth 



C aUm, foliis ovato-roUuidatis tii petiolum attemietis ; floribus soHtariit plu- 
ribusve in cymam; corolla turbinato-reflexa : ptitalis dUcretit, marg^Dft 
inflexis. 

Corraea alba. Andrew$U teponL 18, Ventetutt malm. 13. Desfont, in ann. 

du mus. 2. 32, Willd. $p. pi % 324. Hart Kew, ed. 2. 2. 34»- 
Corroa cotinifolia. Parad. l<md, XOO. 

(^) color mtensifis rubigineus; folia minora; flores Bolitarii t. gemini. 
Corraea rufa, Labillardihre voy> i la rich, de la Pirouse. 2. app, 12(X 

Yenienat toe. cit. Persoon sun. 1- 419. 
Mazeutoxeron rufum. Labillardiere he. cit 2. 11. L 17. 

t iutex dumosust erectus, pube composita, rufescente; rami parum diver-- 
gentes. Folia subuneiaUa, cojiaeea, patentia; juniora mbigineo-pubentia ; 
senicra prolapsis villis mprd gianduloso-puncticulata eompar^itia^ ob- 
Mcuri venosa, fusco-virentia, mbtus tomentoMO'caT^icantiaf petioli 2-3-/tne- 
ares. Pedunculi petiolis brevicres, nunc bi-trichotomi, H-^-Jlori; pedicelli 
brevts S€Epi^ juxta Jtorem bibracteati, CaL cupulatus, repando-detitatm^ 
breviu Cor. semundam exsttperans^ albida, extus tomentosa, intus gla- 
bratOf rugosaj erubescens; pet. solutaf ligulato-oblangat acutat canalicfilata, 
Stani. €7'€cto-pat€nttaf corollam cBquaniiaf altemi tubbreviora: fil, i ban 
subchvatA sulcata setacea: anth. incttmbentest anti anthesin sanguines* 
Germ, hirsutum sulcis octonU impressum: stylus setaceus: stig. obsolete 4. 
Vlore^inodori, fundo nectarijero* 



Tie whole shrub, except the bloom, has a dusky ap- 
pearance^ and when drawn through the hand diifuses a 
refreshing fragrance, resembling that of the Myrtle in 
bloon. It belongs to New South Wales, where the leaves 
have been often used by the colonists as a substitute for 
Tea; and Mr. Brown tells us, that he has prepared it so as 
to h»e been drank by some of his European guests for 
good Chinese Tea. The art is to adapt the infusion so as to 
preveit too great a degree of bitter. In this country it 
varies much in the size of the leaf, which we have seen 
from lalf an inch to one and a half long, and more than one 
broad. We have sometimes perceived on these what 
appealed to us an oily secretion, seemingly cxsuded from 

A A 2 



tniDUte glands on their upper surface. The compound hairs 
are far less conspicuous than in virens, and shorter. 

The Banksian Herbanum cont£uns spontaneous speci- 
mens of the present plant; as well as of rufa of Labil- 
lardi^re from Van Diemen*s Land, which we have subjoined 
as a variety or subspecies; not being able to discover any 
other marks of distinction than those we have stated in dis- 
tinguishing the variety j8. 

This species was introduced by Sir Joseph Banks in 
1793; and has become very common in our greenhouses; 
being of easy culture, and quickly multiplied by cuttings. 
It blossoms in autumn and winter. 



The drawing was made in the Botanical Garden of 
Comtesse de Vandes at Bayswater, three or four years ago. 



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.92^J/y ^. Jfe^^^.-.^ /y^ Jiz^ar^^y .^^. /. Ay2A 



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516 

f 

STRELITZIA parvifolia; fS.juncea 

Bush' leaved Strelitzia. 



PENTANDHIA MONOGYNI^, 

NaL ord, MvSJE (Musaceje). Jussieu gen. 61. 

STRELITZIA. Spatha mUverMlis teniuiialis> monophylla, canalicu* 
lata, acuminata^ patenti-decliaans, basin florum involrens* Partiaks Ian- 
ceolatse, floribus breviores* Perianikium nullum* Cor> irregularis : peL 3, 
lanceolata, acuta: inferius naviculare; wperwra obtus^ carinata. iVecfa- 
nttm biphyllum* Foliola 2 inferiora petaJia paul6 breviora, ^ lat& basi subu- 
lata, maigine undulata, complicata, incluaentia genitalia, versus apicem 
postic^ aucta appeadice crasso, fonn& dimidix sagittte. Foliolum inferiut 
breve, ovatum, compressum, carinatum. Fit 5, nliformia, receptacuio in* 
sidentia : 3 altero foliolo nectarii, 2 cum stylo aitero foliolo inclusa. Antk* 
Imeares^ erectee, filamentis fer^ longiores^ inclusx. Qerm^ inferum^ ob* 
longum, obtus^ 3-gonum. 8lt/lus iiliformis^ longitudine staminum: Mtig. 3, 
3ubu!ata, petalis altiora, erecta, initio fiorescentiae conglutinata. Capt. sub- 
coriacea, oblonga, obtusa, obsolete trigosa, S-loculans* ft-Tahris: setrn^ nu- 
merosa, conceptactdo centnili diiplici ordine adtra;reotia. SobEnder in $ckr^ 
gm. pL 3. 798. 



S. parvifolia, scapo longitudine petioli vicesies longions folio Uneari-lanceo- 

lato. Jhyander in Hart. Kew, ed. 3* 2. 56* 
Strelitada Regins ; y. parmfoHa. Smith in Rees*9 cgclop. m tootK 
(0)juneea; petiolis se^iiks apbyllis. 



In the last edition of the Hortus Kewensis we find six 
species of this splendid genus, cbaracterixed by the late 
excellent Mr. Dryander with his usual ingenuity and pre- 
cision. They are all natives of the Cape of Grood Hope. 

Our plant will appear at once to differ from parvifolia, 
by the footstalks being without any leaf at all; yet they 
are said to be now and then furnisbed with one like Chat 
o{ parvifolia, even while cultivated in the collections of this 
country; where however the plant is very rare and scarcely 
ever seen in blossom. We have not separated it from parvi- 
JhUa, not being aware of any difference beyond what we 
have stated. 



The drawing was made in Sir Abraham Hume's hot- 
house at Wormleybury, in September last. The footstalks, 
we understand, were about three feet high, all without any 
leaf; the flower-stalk shorter than these. 



The plant seems to be included by Sir James Smith, 
with ovata, angustif'olia, and parvifolia, in Regince; of 
which species he speaks as follows, in the place we have 
cited in the synonymy ; 

" Sir Joseph Banks, for nearly 50 years indefatigable 
in enriching the gardens of this country, is recorded as 
having introduced this superb flower in 1773. Its habit 
resembles a Musa or Canna, except in the want of a 
stem. The leaves are smooth, rigid, and coriaceous, 
erect, on long, straight, stout nearly cylindrical, smooth, 
radical footstalks, sheathing at the base. The form of the 
/cff/'itself is usualy ovate, acute, entire; wavy or crisped at 
the base, especially on one side; furnished with a long 
midrib, which sends off several simple, oblique, pai'allel, 
transverse veins. Sheaths one or two, at the top of the 
cylindrical simple flower-stalk, nearly horizontal, thick and 
rig^d, purplish and thin at the edges, acute^ 4 or 5 inches 
long, each contmning iaa,ny jlowersy which expand in suc- 
cession. The oraDge-coloui*ed petals, 3 or 4 inches long, 
are strikingly contrasted with the blueish purple nectary, 
both together composing one of the most brilliantly coloured 
flowers in nature." 

" We presume to think that S. ovata of Hort, Ketv, does 
not deserve to be marked even as a variety, nor do the 
figures quoted answer to the character. The angttstifolia, 
recorded as having been cultivated by the Marquis of 
Rockingham in 1778, we can aver to be a mere variety of 
Regime. If we mistake not, it was given to the Marquis by 
Mr, Bamber Gascoyne. Of this we are certain, that offsets 
of the original root, in the stoves of the late Marchioness, 
where for many successive years we have observed them, 
gradually diminishing in the size and breadth of their 
leaves, became first S. angustifolia, and then parvifolh, of 
Hort. Kew. Similar varieties may indeed have been fresh 
imported from the Cape, but this does not prove their 
specific difference. In some specimens the leaf dwindles to 
a point." Smith he. cit. 





■* 






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. 517 






MUSSiENDA frondosa. 

l^urmamis Mussccnda. 



PEXTANDIIIA MOXOGYXI.:. 

Nat. ord. HuBiACE.'E. Jusdeu gen. TOO. Dhu IV. Fructus inonocar- 
pus bilocularis pulyspeniius. Stum. 5. FoL opposita, caulis srep^ fni- 
tescens. 

MUSSj^NDA. CaL 5-fidus laciniLs limairibiis. Cor. nifuiulibulironnis, 
tubo longo vix supril Jilatato, limbo piano 5-paitito. Anih. oblong-jc intia 
tubum subsessiles, non oxscrtse. Caps, ovata mcmbranacca, apice iiiida aut 
coroiiata, 2-locularis polysperma, receptaeulo seniiniforo elevate lorulos • 
bipartiente; sem. ideo quadritariam disposita, numerosa niinulissima. Frutices 
plerique hirsutl: Jlores s<jej)c corymbosi, ten/nnaleSy hrucieati; corolla siept 
extiis hirsuta. Hie sola sistcnda Muss^nda frondosa Lin. r^tjns iusuper 
lacinia una calycina persistcns ccEferis deciduis, producta in folium amplum 
j)Ctiolatum caitlinis conforme sed discolor et b-1-ncrve. Juss. loc. cit. 200. 



M. frondosa, ramis foliisque villosis, tubo corollae paulo longiorc laciniis 

calycinis. Dryander in 3ISS. hiblioth. banks. 
Mussii^nda frondosa. Linn. sp. pi. ed. 2. 1. 251. Vahl symh. 3. 37* Wilhl. 

sp. pL 1. 997. Roxburgh 3ISS. 
Mussa^nda pubescens. Curtis^s magaz. 2099; fnon Dryandri Jlort. Kew.) 
Mussaenda zeylanica, flore rubro, fructu oblongo, folio ex florum thyrso pro- 
. deuute albo. Biirm. zeyl. IGo. t. 76. 

Frutex altiuscidus, villosissimus, ramis fcrctibns crcctis canis remote 
foliosis. Fol. opposita, ovali-lanceolata acnjninata, infrd. dcnsim vilhsa; 
petiolo hrevi hirsuto, stipula herbacea erecfd hirsuta utrinmte stipato. Cyrnye 
terminales, subtrichotomoi, foUolorum pare subtensce: peduncvih v)x long lores 
petiolis, tereteSy villosi, plurijiori; pedicelli robusti brevissimi v. subnuUi 
nnijlori: bracteie stipulis similes, calyci apprcssce. Germ, subrotundum 
hirsutiim, disco glandidoso glahro umbilicato coronatum. Cal. marginis 
germinis confinuus, campanulato-patens ; foliola herbacea distincto-distantia, 
subtilata hirsuta, vix dvplo brcviora tubo corollce, decidua, propter vnttm in 
jlorc una cymnlarum aliquarum j)rimariantm citjusque cymce in folium candi- 
diim petiolatum subviridi-nervosum villosum forma aliorum folionim al mojns 
et nervis 3'5prceditum procreseens. Cox.flavd crecta extiis villosa; faux paulo 
amplior tubo, intus albo-barbata ; liuibi lachuic convcxissima:. Anthcroj 
lineares, fauce demersal. 



Upon referring to Hermann's Herbarhiin, the source of 
MussjENDA fronJosay the samples representing it ^Yl\\ be 
found to belong in reality to two species, the present, and 
that which has been proposed by Mr. Dryander in the last 
edition of the Hortus Kewensis, under the name of pit- 
besccns, differing from the one before us in many essential 
points, and remarkably in having the tube of the corolla 



several times longer than the calyx, while in the plant be- 
fore us the corresponding part is little more than one tliird 
longer than the calycine leaflets. 

We Iiave omitted the standing synonyms from the works 
of Van Rheede and Rumphius; the Belilla of the former 
from want of likeness in the figure to our plant, as well as 
from want of agreement with the description in the text; 
and the Folium Principissoe of the latter, because it appears 
to be the Muss.enda glahra of Vahl (probably tlie same with 
corj///z7yio.v(/ of Roxburgh MSS.). Bnrmann's plant we have 
no doubt belongs to the same species as the subject of this 
article. 

Frondosa belongs to the Island of Ceylon, where Mus- 
s.ENDA, adopted by Linneeus for the technical name of the 
genus, IS the vernacular one of the species. It is said by 
Dr. Roxburgh to be also native of several other parts of 
India. 

The large white greenish-nerved long-stalked permanent 
leaf into which a leaflet of the calyx of one of the flowers in 
each of the tlu'cc or four primary divisions of every bunch is 
transformed, is so unusual a circumstance, and of such ex- 
traordinary appearance, that it cannot fail to attract the 
notice of the most unpractised observer of plants, and seems 
designed, like the wings of the fruit in the Ash, the Maple, 
the Lime, &c. to assist in the dissemination of the species. 
This part is said by Dr. Roxburgh to be used at table in 
India. 

The drawing was taken from a plant which flowered last 

summer in Mr. Kent's hothouse at Clapton. We were also 

favoured with a sample from Mrs. Evelyn of St. Clare, in 
Kent. 

Three distinct species of Muss.enda are now known in 
our gardens; all tall slender shrubs, from the East Indies 
and China. 

The present is a largish densely pubescent shrub, with 
upright grey-furred branches. Leaves wide apart on the 
branches, opposite, ovally lanceolate, taper-pointed, with a 
thicker fur underneath ; "petiole short, shaggy, with an 
herbaceous upright shaggy stipule on each side. Cymes ter- 
minal, subtrichotomous, subtended by a pair of small leaf- 
lets: peduncles (main flowerstalks) scarcely longer than the 
petioles, round, villous, manyflowercd ; pedicles exceed- 
short robust oneflowered: h-actes similar to the sti- 
pules, pressed to the calyx. 




V 




I 






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.' * V 






518 



ABROMA aiigusta. 

Smooth' stalked Ahroma 



POLYA DELPHI A DODEC.INDRLL 

Nat. ord. Malvaceae. Jussieu gen. 271. Div. F. Stamina basi \\\ 
yrceolum sessilem eoniiata, sterilia fertilibus interniixta, dcfinita ant rariils 
indefinita, 

ABROMA. CaL 6-partitus persistens. Pel. basi foniicata (ncctanuui 
Linri.suppL) apice 10-fidum, laciniis 5 brevibus 3-fulis 3-antheriferis, 3-al- 
ternis sterilibus erectis linearibus apice recurvato-fornicatis. Sti/li 5 appioxi- 
mati; stig. 5. Caps, oblonga truncata mucronata, 5-aIata, 5-locuIaiis, 
suprk dehiscens, polysperma; sem. numerosa (nigra scabra ovato-globosa^ 
receptaculh barbatis utrinque adhaerentia, incomplete arillati. Frutex, 
jlores (Throbrom/e) axillares (rectius opposlfijoliij ; fntctus IIibisci. 
Juss. L c. 27G. 



A. migusta, ramis tomentosis litvibus, foliis adultis subtus pnbe sinmlicis- 
sima, capsulae alls apice truncatis : angulo exteriore acutiusculo. Brown 
ill Ilort. Kew. ed. 2. 4. 409. 
Abroma augusta, Lifui. suppL 341. Willd. sp.pL 8. 1424. 
Abroma augustum. Salisb. jmrad. land. 102; absque icone. 
Abroma Wheleri. Refz. obs. bot. 5. 27. Willd. sp. pL 3. 1 125. 
Abroma fastuosum. Jacq. hort. vindob. 3, 3. f . 1 ; (no7i aliorum). 
Ambroma angulata. Lamarck encyc. 1. 12(J. 

Theobroma augusta. Lhin. syst. nat. ed. 13. 233, •/. Miller illustr. cum tab, 
Gossipinm demonis. Rurnph. amboin. 4. 1. 14; (moneute D. Roxbxmjh). 

(Arborescens, subl2pedalis): caules p/wre*, liguosi, inedullosi, crecti, 
ylindracei, superne foUosi. Fol. alterna, inagna^ basi cordata, subpalmato- 
lobata, angulosa, remote dentata, moUia, virentia, subtus pubescentia, 
petiolis loiigis; inferior a angulis 5-7 profundis nervisque totidem primariis, 
superiora minora angulis scepius quinque superniSy ad basin bilobato-rotun- 
data. Panicula^ breves rarmilorum, mperiorum in axillis positorumcauUsque 
terminates, floribus brunneo-pjirpnr ascent ibus: bracteae 2 angust(€ acuminata^ 
ad basin pedunculi communis panictdarum, alim 4 involucrorum instar ad 
bases divisiomun. Lamarck loc. cit. (ex gallico versum.) 



Abroma was formerly included in the same genus witli 
the Chocolate-Tree (Theobroma Cacao) ; but has been since 
detached, and we believe consists as yet of only two re- 



ded species, the subject of this article and fastuo 



'3 



the latter found in New South Wales and the Moluccas, 
and distinguished by the long prickly stalks and elongated 
taper-pointed angles of the summit of the capsule; in augus- 
tum the stalks are smooth and the top-corners of the capsule 
short-pointed. 

VOL. VT. B B 



Tlie drawing was made two or tliree years ago from a 
plant in the hothouse of Sir Abraham Hume's garden at 
Wormlcybury. A flower is shown in the figure, by Mr. 
Edwards, more widely expanded and rather more upright 
than we believe it ever becomes naturally, in order that the 
interior of the flower might come into view. But our plate 
is far too small a field to admit of giving any idea of the 
growth and appearance of this stately vegetable. The top- 
leaves (shown in the plate) are oblongly cordate nearly twice 
longer than broad, scarcely angular or scolloped, and have 
short stalks, the lower ones oblately cordate, nearly round 
in the circumference, cut into 5-7 pointed lobes, and have 
long stalks. The corolla is nodding, and the petals con- 
verge. 

r 

We do not know why the generic title has been changed 
into Ambroma by the Chevalier de Lamarck. 

Dr. Roxburgh takes the following notice of this species. 
" It is found in various parts of India, growing to be a small 
" tree. Flowers most profusely during the rains, and ripens 
" seed in the cold season. The bark abounds with strong 
white fibres, which make a very good substitute for hemp ; 
and as the plant grows so quickly as to yield two, three, 
or even four crops of cuttings within the year fit for peel- 
ing, &c. &c.; it may be advantageously cultivated (in 
^* India) for its fibres, which, though not so strong as hemp, 
" make a good common cordage." 



a 



a 



it 



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i^y ' /^<y<. 



519 



HOMALIUM raceinosum. 

Bunch-flowered Homalium. Acomas 




POLYANDRIA TRIGYNIA, 

Nat. ord. RosACE-E. Jussieu gen. 334. Dio. VII L Genera Kosacqis 

affinia. 

Ho.MALiNiE. Broum^s botany of Cmigo. 10. 
HOMALIUM. CaL basi turbinatus semisTipcrus, limbo patens (J-7-par- 
titus, laciniis persistentibus. Pet. persistcntia, 6-7, laciniis calycinis nia- 
jora. Glandulw (nectaria Jacq.) G-7, unguibus lacinianmi calycis insidcntcs. 
^/awi. plurinia (18-24) perigjna, 3 aut 4 congenita ex basi ciijusque pelali: 
anth, subrotundee. Germ, semiinferum apice desiuens in stylos 3-4; stig. 3-4, 
simplicia. Caps, semiinfera, limbo calycis pctalisque patontissiniis coriuceis 
cincta, l-loc, apice 3-4-valvis aut non dehiscens, intus polyspcruia: tern. 
pauca parietibus affixa. Arborcs aut frnticcs; fol. alterna sflpulacca; floras 
ajncatO'paniculati axillares, divisiiris panicxdce bractcolatls, pcdiccllis medio 
articulatis. An Rharanis ajffinius; an embryo absque albumine? Juss. 
1. c. 343. 



H. racemosum, foliis serratis, raccmis axillaribus tcrminalibusquc, floribus 

pedunculatis. Swartz prod. S6. 
Homalium racemosum. Jacq. amer. 170. t. 103;^^. 72. Willd.sp.jjl2. 

1225. Richard in actcs de la soc. d'hist. nat, de Paris 112. Suarlz fl. 

ind. occid. 2. 989. 
Acomas k grappas (Homalium racemosum). Lamarck encyc. 1. 32. 

Arbor 10-15 pedalis, s. arbuscula, s. frutcx: rami pattdi, subdivisi, in- ^ 
ermes, ramulis demiim tenuissirnis riyidiuscnlis. Tol.petiolata, 2poUic., ob- 
longa, ntrinque actimiriata, obtuse serrafa, nervosa^ venosa, terudora, vtrinqve 
glabra: pat*, breves glabri. Racemi axillares, rariUs terminales, ioUiarii, 
erecti, simplices, ^-b-poUic., mvJtiflori; floras Irevittr pedicellati, altcrni, 
approximati, albidi, mag nit udine llYPEmci pevforati; pcdic. l-Jiori. Cal. 
seinisuperusy basi turbinatus^ G-l-partitus; lac. lincari-lanceolatis, patenti- 
bus, sesquilinearibusy villosiusculis. Pet. 6-7, fauci calycis inscrta, laciniis 
calycinis alternantia et majora, ovato-oblonga, patcntia, ntrinque rubto- 
mentosa s. sericea, ex albido hitescentia: glandnlic 6-7, ad basin petalorum 
positce, subgloboscey villosiuscuhc, albce. Fil. 18-21, inter slngulam glandu- 
lam tria omnia distincta, basi petalorum calycisquc inserta, fdiformia: anth. 
mbrotund<Ey sangninea>. Germ, medio calyce cinctum, supra faucem in 
farmam conicam elevatum, hirsutum: styli 3, fliformcs, longitudinc stami- 
num, glahri; stig. simplicia. Caps, semiinfera, dura, ovato-aaiminata, l-loc, 
apice 3-valv., infemt 3 lineis clevatis villosis notata, polysperma: sem, 
aliquot, fiisca, parietibus affixa. Numerus partium variat. bwartz fl. ind. 

occ. 1. c. 



The species was observed by Dr. Swartz, growing 



meadows and at the sides of 



part of 



Jamaica, where it becomes a tree from 10 to 15 feet high 



B B 



2 



The drawing- was made at Mr. Kent's at Clapton ; a 
plant having- flowered in that gentleman's hothouse in Sep- 
tember last, and is probably the first ever introduced into 

this country. 

The genus had been consigned by M. de Jussieu to a 
group appended, as a division of doubtful affinity, to his /?o- 
saceoo. A further research into its structure, as well as that 
of some kindred genera, has suggested to Mr. Brown a dif- 
ferent notion of their position in the vegetable system ; and 
determined their com.bination into a separate order, to 
which HoMALiuM, as the main type, has communicated the 
technical denomination. 

We regret to find ourselves obliged, from want of room, 
to refrain from extracting the whole of the instructive re- 
marks that accompany the project and definition of this 
new order, and to eonfine ourselves to the passage which 
contains its character. 

" The distinguishing characters (of the order Homa- 
lincc) are the segments of the perianthium (calyx and co- 
rolla of Jacquin and Swartz) disposed in a double series 
or an equal number of segments nearly in the same series; 
the want of petals; the stamina being definite and oppo- 
site to the inner series of the perianthium, or to the al- 
ternate segments where they are disposed apparently in a 
simple series; the unilocular germen (generally in some de- 
gree coherent with the calyx) having three parietal placentae 



of the ovula), with 1, 2, or even an indefinite 



number of ovula; and the seeds having albumen, as inferred 
from a genus from Congo. The cohesion of tlie germen with 
the tube of the perianthium, though existing in various 
degrees in all the genera we have enumerated, is probably 
a character of only secondary importance in Homalinw. 
For an unpublished genus found by Commerson in Mada- 
gascar, which in every respect agrees with this family, has 
germen super um. This genus at the same time seems to 
establish a considerable affinity between Homalime and cer- 
tain genera, either absolutely belonging to PassiJIorecc, 
especially Paropsia of M. du Petit Thouars, or nearly re- 
lated to them, as Erythrospermum well described and 
figured by the same excellent botanist." Browns hotmiy of 
the Congo. 19. . 







Jf^. 0[<J(/r/f. 





^i/j- cy^ c 




^/tM-^/^-^ai 




^a:,..^^J'^/:/.m '- 



t - • 






5W 



SEDUM cscrulcuiii 

3arhary Stonecrop. 



DECANDRIA PJCX7\^ayXIJ. 



Nat. ord. Semperviv^. Jussicti gen. 307. 
SED UM. Svpn] vol. % foL 142. 



Div. TcrclifoUa. 

S. c(Ernlenm, foliis oblongis altcmis obtusis basi solutib, cynifi bifiJfi dubia*. 
Vahlsymh. 2.51. 

SeJum ceeruleuni. Willd. sp. pL 2. 7G0. 

Sedum azureum. Dcsfont.Jlor. atl 1. 3G2. 

Seduin vermiculare puinilum glabriiin, floribus parvis cairubis. Shaw 

specimen. 4G. n. 550. fig. 550. 

Caulis scept procianbens, 3-4^-uncialis teres lincoUs ruhris intarvpih oehrit 
picttis, nunc ramosissimus ramis adsccndeiitibiis. Ilores parvuli, molacco- 
pallentes, nnmerosi^ paniculato-raccmosi; racemi ramtdonim tcrminalcs, in- 
fernh sidjfoliosi, pedicellis alternis itnifloris Jiliformilnis patcntisshnis mb- 
a^quantibus Jlores: bracteolai caduccBy memhravacece, ruhrije, mhdatcc, vtir 
nutce. Fol. teretiusculay subspatJadato-oblonga, obtusa, Uneolis rubris punc- 
tata, suprd versiis basin concava v. canalicuIatO'depressa. Cal. crassus^ 
cupulatus, virens^ ptmctis linearibus t^ibris aspersus, duplo brevior corolla, 
I'Jidus, persistensy segmentis obtusis. Petala 7, oblonga, obtusula, patentia, 
caduca, siccationc intense ccernlescens : glandulse crystaUince, minimce, ob- 
latce, bilobO'emarginatcOy singula basi cujiisque germinis inserta. Pistilla 7, 
£equalia corollce; germ, oblonga i7ieurvesccntia, dorso plnniuscida indv in- 
trorsitm in aciem attenuafa, primo albo-micantia, indc hcrbaceo'virentia ataue 



tinuo setaceo'Vostrata. Stam. corollce 



\fi- 



if^ 



A diminutive species observed at difFercnt periods in tlic 
clefts of rocks on the Coast of Barbary by Messrs. Shaw, 
Vahl, and Desfontaines ; perhaps the smallest in the genus, 
where it is remarkable for the pale violet -colour of the 
corolla, which turns, when dry, to a full bright blue. 

It is not recorded in the Hortus Kewcnsis; and has been 
probably now first introduced by Mr. Kent, in whose col- 
lection at Clapton it flowered last summer in the green- 
house. 

Siem sometimes lying along tlie ground, 3-4 inches 
long, round, smooth, in some cases very much branched, 
dotted with shortly broken thickset tile-red lines. Flowers 
numerous, small, paniculately racemose, racemes termi- 



nating the braiichletSj sometimes partially leaved at the lower 
part, pedicles alternate, oneflowered, filiform, outspread, 
about equal to their flower: hractes membranous, minute, 
red, subulate, caducous and seldom found on the plant. 
Leaves subcylindrical, subspatulately oblong-, obtuse, marked 
wi^th red linear dots, hollowed or channelled on the inside 
near the base. Calyx cupular, 7-cleft, green with red linear 
dots, twice shorter than the corolla, persistent, segments 
obtuse. Petals 7, oblong, bluntish, spreading, caducous: 
glandule crystalline, very small, oblate, indented at the top 
with a deepish sinus, one at the base of every germen. 
Pistils 7, even with the corolla. Germens 7, slightly in- 
bowed, broad and flattish at the back, tapering inwards 
to an edge, at first white and glittering, at last of the 
substance and colour of the foliage, glandularly muri- 
catcd at the base on the inside, beaked at the top by the 
white continuous style. Stamens 14, even with the corolla 
spreading; _^/a/wew/A- setaceous, white; anthers dark-purple, 
twin, roundish. 



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NOTE S . 

Pvunns japonica. Vol 1. foL 27. 

It is asserted, in a late fasciculus of Curtis's Botanical Magazine (foK 
2176), that the plant of the above article is the undoubted Amygdalus 
pumila of Linnaeus, and the stone of its fruit of the nature of that ascribed to 
Amygdalus as distinguished from Prunus, while it is suggested that our 
plant may not even belong to the species we have given it for. 

In regard to the nature of the fruit-stone, we have only to observe that we 
found it decidedly of the kind proposed as the distinguishing characteristic of 
Prunus, being granularly roughened, but neither pitted, punctured, nor 
scored as in Amygdalus. This state of the stone was also observed by 
Mr. Lindley. The fruit has moreover the long phant stalk of Prunus, not 
the short rigid one of Amygdalus. 

If our plant is to be the Amygdalus pumila of Linnaeus, it must 
be so in defiance of an important character attributed to that species in the 



name 



a stalk sometimes little less than an inch in length, and always longer than the 
flower itself. Linnaeus has also drawn a character for that species from tlie 
" petals being longer than the tube of the calyx;" but in our plant there exists 
no proportion between those parts which can suggest such point of compa- 
rison. It is true that a figure is cited by Linnseus from Plukenet for a 
synonym, where the flowers are really stalked, and which figure probably re- 
presents a varie^ of our plant. This we believe is the only circumstance that 
ever suggested the idea of the plant being the Linnean Amygdalus pumila 



Hermann is also cited as a correlative synonym; and 



his figure represents a plant with sessile flowers, and his description tells us. 



downy 

sraootli and like a small plum or sloe. It" is also true that a sample of our 
plant is to be found in the Banksian Herbarium inscribed Amygdalus 
pumila; but then it is not one of those which are marked as having been de- 
termined by collation with the Linnean Herbarium, and can only speak the 
opinion of the person who inscribed the name. If actually there, at the 
time the two Herbariums were collated, the want of that mark would in- 
deed go to prove that the identity of the two was not satisfactory oven to 
the person who put the title on the sample. We lay little stress upon tlie 
plants of Linnaeus, Plukenet, and Hermann, being considered as African, 
though our plant is known to be Chinese, as that is a circumstance verj^ 

liable to mistake. 

it is possible that our plant may be die Prunus sijiensis of Persoon; be- 
cause it is a true pRUNUS and from China; but that author could have no 
other foundation for believing it the Amygdalus pumila, than Plukenet** 

figure- 
As to the objection to our plant being the T iiv svs japonicn, because 
Thunberg has described the leaves of that species as '' smooth" (glabra), 
while in our plant they are wrinkled (mgosa); we shall only remark that the 
term used is ** utrinque glabra^' and that in leaves of tlxis nature it is evident 
the epithet ^/a6ra so qualified can only apply to pubescence; and the leave* 

of our plant have none, ^ „ 

Upon the whole however it appears to us that the followmg synonym* 

may be added to the above article, although, exceptmg that from Hortu* 

Kewensis, they are very questionable. 

Prunus sinensis. Persoon syn. 2. 36 ? (vix tameu quoad synonyjna). 

Amygdalus pumila. Bort. Kew. ed. 2. 3. 196; (fide Herb. Banks.); vts 
tmmen Linnceil 



NOTES. 



ueo 



Jiff. 4? 
Our plant was certainly imported by the late Mr. Charles Greville from 



China. 



(muscosajl. simpL) Vol. 1- fol 



Tliis species is very reasonably supposed to be the Rosa centif< 
Linnaeus by Mr. Lindley in a Monograph of the Roses; to which we 
refer- 



Ixora blanda. Vol. 2.foL 100. 

In the first published volume of Roxburgh's Plora Indica, the species 
stands under the title IxoiixV alba: witli the observation that it is a Chinese 
plant, and possibly a mere variety of IxoRA stricta (the IxoKA coccinea of 
Hortus Kewensis, but not of Linnaeus, which is the IxoRA grandljlora, voL 
^.foL 152, of this Register). 
Ixora alba. Roxh.Jl. ind. 1. 389. (71071 alioi^um.) 



(muscosaji. alho). VoL 2. ft 



The last observation but one applies equally to the subject of this article. 



Hedychium august if oliuni. Vol. 2. fol 



understand. 



Hedychium coccineum, a Ncp 



punged from the above article. 



gustifolixim^ and should be ex- 



Astragalus caynfocarpus. VoL 2. foL 17G. 

Since the above article was published, this species has appeared as 
follows. 
Astragalus carnosus. Nuttall gen. 2. 100; (noTi tamen Pursh amer. sep/. 2. 

740). 

It is said to grow on the plains of the Missouri, from the confluence of the 
river Platte to the mountains; and that the pods are about the size of or- 
dinary plums, and have a considerable resemblance, as to form, with those 
of Astragalus physodes. The plant described for it by Mr. Pursh was a 
species of SoPHORA, to which he has, by mistake, applied the fruit of 

Astragalus caryocarpus. 



Jasminura re^ohitum. VoL 2. fol. 178. 

Tlie following synonym has appeared since the publication of the above 
article. 
Jasminum chrj^santhemum. Roxh.flor. ind* 1. 98. 

The plant has been found in Nepaul by Dr. Buchanan, as well as by 
Colonel Hardwick in the place stated in our article. 

It is said to acquire, after seven or eight years' growth in the botanic 
garden at Calcutta, a stem as thick as a man's leg. 



k^nies paniculatum/ VoL 2. fol. 220. 

This species has been lately inchidod by Mr. Brown in his genus Vanda 



NOTES. 

(Sec Vanda Roxbiir g hii, ' {ol 506 of the present Volume). So that the 
above article should be now inscribed 

Vanda paniculata. 

The germen is not twisted, nor the corolla reversed^ as in RoxburgkiL 



Mespilus^aponica. Vol. 5. foL 365. 

Since the publication of that article, the division of the natural order to 
which this species belongs, has been recast by Mr. Lindley, in a treatise on 
PomacecB in the 13th volume of the Linnean Transactions; where our plant 
ranks in a new genus, named and defined as follows; 

ERIOBOTRYA. Ca/. lanatus, obtuse 5-dentatus. Pe/.barbata. Stam. 

erecta, dentiura longitudine. Styli 5, liliformes, inclusi, pilosi, Pomum 

clausum, 3-5-loculare. Chalaza nulla. Radicula inter bases cotyledonum 
inclusa. 

Arbores mediocres (Asice temperatce et Peruvice). Hamuli tomentosL 
Foha simplicia, serrata, infrd lanata. Raccmi compositi, terminates^ la- 
natL Bracteoe snbulatce, decidu<E. Lindley in trans, linn, see* 13, 102. 



Eriobotrya japani 



Synovyma ut 



fol. 365; ubi addi potest ; 
Mespilus japonica. Jacq. fragvu 85. t. 136. /. 2. 

Eriobotrya consists at present of two certain and two doubtful species, 
the former from China and Nepaul, the latter from Peru. For the knowledge 
of the true nature of the fruit Mr. Lindley desires that he may be considered 
indebted to Mr. BrowTi. 

- In Mespilus, as restricted by the definition in the above mentioned 
treatise, the top of the fruit (Pomum) \s open, not closed, as in Eriobo- 
trya. 



Viburnum rugosum. Vol, b.foL 376. 

The following synonym belongs to that species. 
Vibunium rigidum. Ventenat malm. t. 90; (excL ^n.) 



synonym 



Jasminum undulatum. Supra 436. 

Dr. Roxburgh has added Jasminum undulatum ," zs a probable ^ ^ , 
to the single-flowered variety of Jasminum Sambac. Fossibly he has in 
view a difterent plant from the undulatum of the above article, which is however 
the true Linnean Xyctanthes undulata. He says his plant is one of the 
most common in every forest of the Coast of Coromandel. Our plant is 



native of China. 



i undulatum). Roxb. jl 
Mull 



•gh) 



• Of the single-flowered plant the Doctor mentions two varieties, a smaUor 
and a larger one. If our plant is the same as either, and we doubt if it 
is, it must be the smaller. 



Begonia pauciflora. SuprH fol. 471. 

Mr. Haworth tells us that this is not the species he intended by Be- 
gonia patula; tlierefore that synonym, which has been added with a quxre, 
should be finally njected. 



VOL. VI. C V 



NOTES. 



Amaryllis laticoma. FoL 4i>7. 



Mr. Herbert has been so good as to infonn us that this curious plant was 
brought over by Mr. Burchell from the Cape of Good Hope, where it was 
found in the country that lies behind the Snowy Mountains. He adds, that 
the following notice of it (which we now insert entire) should have been 
adverted to in our account of the species. 

"An Nerine lucida? Burchell, Species nondum herbariis inveni' 
** enda: foUis angiistis nitidis persistentihus. I am inclined to think tliat 
" this will belong to the same genus as coranica and falcata. Herbert in 
** Curtis^s Magazine, foL verso 2124." 

Considering the nature of the above notice we cannot be expected tg take 
to ourselves any great degree of blame in not having discovered our plant 
through its means. 

We confess we do not agree in Mr- Herbert's proposed alterations in re- 
gard to the genus Amaryllis. We have however always thought that 
the species it contains of the European type, might perhaps be separated 
without inconvenience into a genus of which the strophiolated seeds would 
form an important characteristic. 



From a drawing we have lately seen of Iris reticulata, we should judge 
it clearly distinct from tnberosa, to which it had been added in the Enumera- 
tion of the genus Iris, in the Appendix to Volume V. 



GENERAL ALPHABETICAL INDEX TO VOLUMES 

I. II. III. IV. V. AND VI. 



* « * 



* « « 



* * 



4 r 4 



.310. 



F'filuvien. FoHutn. 

Abroma angusta. v, e 5)8< 

Acacia alata, v, 5 39^. 

Acacia dccurrens; 0, ^ & 371- 

Acacia HoustoiiK v. 2 98- 

Acacia longifolia. v. S 363. 

Acacia lophantha, v. 6 361, 

Achaoia mollis: *. v, 1 II, 

AcrostichDzn alcicome. v, 3, , . < 962, 963, 

derides paniculatum. v, 3, 920* et *» 

appeiitL vol, 6^ 

^sculus discolor. Vf 4. 
Albuca fastigiata. t, 4. 
Albuca fugax. v. 4, , , 

Alpinia cakarata. v. « 141- 

Atpinia malaccensis. v. 4.398; eiin append, 
. ^'usd. voL 

Amaryllis auUca, t, 6, 444; et tab, vi 

append, ejusd^ voL' 

Amaryllis adatralasica. v, 5 426. 

Amaryllis calyptrata. v, 2- 164; et in t^pmd, 

ejusd. vol. 

Amaiyllis coranica. y. 9 139- 

Amaryllis crocata. v, l 38. 

Amaryllis equesLris; 0. v. 3 9S4< 

Amaryllis Hcxuosa. v. 9 179. 

Amaryllis fulglda. v. 3 296. ^ 

Amaryllis hyacinthtna^ V, ^, 163| et invoL 

G,foL 444 ad calcemfat, vers, 
Amaryllis laticoma. t, 6, 497 ; et in append. 

ejmd, vol, 

Amaryllis loDgifolia ; 7. t, 4 303. 

Amaryllis psittacina. v. 3 199- 

Amaryllis reticulata; 0. r. 5 352. 

Amaryllis rntila. v. 1- - 23. 

Amorpba frnticosa- v- 5 497- 

Amsonia latifolia. t. 9 - l&l- 

Anchnsa italica. v. 6* 483- 

An«mone palmata, t. 3. . - 200- 

Angelonia salicariaefolta- v. 5 415- 

Anthocercis littorea. t> 3 ^t^- 

Arbutus Andrachne. v. 9 113. 

ArctoUs ^caulis. v. 9 123- 

Arctotis aspera. v. 1 34. 

Arctotb aureola, v, \ ,- 32. 

Arctotis maculata. t- 9 1 30. 

Arctotia tricolor, t. 9 131- 

Aram orixeuse. t. 6 450. 

Amm tenuifolium. v. G 512- 

Artabotrya odoratissimus. v- 5. 423. 

Asciepias curassavica. v. 1 81- 



Asclepias incamata. v. 3. . < 
Asciepias tubcrosa ; « . v, 1 . 

Aster Amellus. t. 4 

Alter grandiHoms. t, 4- 
Aster Novae ADgliee. v. 3- 



* * 



* * * « 



« * f 



« 4 



, 250. 
. 76. 
.340. 
.973. 
. 133- 



c c 



Votumen. FoHmn 

Astragalus caryocarpus- v. 2, 176; et in 
append, vol, G, 

Azalea calendalacea ; «- v. 2 i45. 

Azalea niti da, v. 5 414. 

Azalea nudiflora; 7. t. 9 1 90. 

Barleria flava. In notit append, volmninis 4^, 
Barleria witia, r. 3. 191 ; el in notie t^fpend, 
volt 4. 

Beaufortia decussata. v. 1 is. 

Begonia acuminata- t. 5 864- 

Begonla humilis. v. 4 9B4. 

Begonia pauciAora. r, 6, 471 , et append, 
ejusd, voluminis, 

Berberis sibirica. v. 6 487- 

Bignouia gran di folia, v. 5 418. 

Bignonia Tcnusta, t. 3 94P- 

Blandfordia nobtlis. v, 4 98f>. 

Borago oncntalis. v. 4 588. 

Bossiffia cinerea. t. 4 SOG* 

Bouvardia triphylla. v. 9 107* 

Bouvardia versicolor. T. 3 945- 

BrachyMcma laUfoUum. t. 9 118. 

Bromelia nudicaulis. t* 3 903. 

Bromelia pallida, v. 4 844- 

BrUDsfeUia undulata. v. 3 238. 

Brunsvigia Josephiutt; 0. t. 3. . 192, 193- 

Bryonia quinqucloba. t. 1 89- 

Burchellia capcosis. v. 6 466. 

Cacalia bicolor. v, 9 110. 

Cacalia ovalis. v. 9 101. 

Cactus Dillenii. v. 3 255. 

Cactus gibbosus. v, 9 137* 

Cactus rcpanduft. t. 4. - . - - 836. 

Cactus spcciosissimus. r- 6 486. 

Cactus flpeciosns. t. 4 304. 

Caldasia heteropbylla- r. 2 99. 

Calendula chrysaathemifolia. t. 1 40. 

Calendula graminifolia- v. 4 289- 

Calendula Tragus ; 0. v. 1. 98. 

Callistacliys lanceolata. t. 3 216. 

Callifltemon rigidum. v. 5 393. 

Calostemma luteum. v- 5 491. 

Calostemma purpureum. t. 6 499- 

Calotis cuneifolia- v. 6 504. 

Calotropis gigantea. t. 1 58, 

Calycanthus fertills. v. 5 404- 

Calycautbus IxWgmtus, r. 6. 4S 1 - 

Calytrix glabra, t. 5 409. 

Camellia axillaris. T. 4 349- 

CamellJa japcmica ; 1. t. 9 119. 

Camellia japonica 3 /*. v. 1 9'J- 

Camcllia japonica;^ ai6o ehmp* v. 5. . . 353. 

Camellia Sttanqua. v- 1 19. 

Campanula aurca'; tf. ▼. l 57« 

Campanula coronata. v, 9 149. 

2 



GENERAL INDEX TO VOLS. 1* U. III. IV. V. AND VI. 



Volvmen. Folium, 

Campanula lactifiora. v, 3 941. 

Campaauta liUfolia* v, 3 ^36. 

Campanula pentagonia. v. t 56, 

Campanula sarmatica. y, S 237* 

Canna giicantea. v. 3 206< 

Canna Laiuhertj. r- 6 470. 

Carica Papaya ; /em. t, 6 459. 

Carthamus tinctorius. v, $ 170. 

Cassia ligijstnna. t. S 109. 

Cassia ocLJfffrntalis. w, 1 83. 

CeaDotlius azureui. v, 4 291* 

Cdsia sublanaFa. w- G 438. 

Cerbera fraticosa. v. 5 391 . 

(^heiiaailkus Chciri; f. V. 3 S19. 

Chdone faarliaia, v. 2. <.,.,..« 116. 

Chelone obliqua. v, 9 175. 

CbinionaDtbuft fragraast 0, r, 6 451. 

Chironia jasminoidea. t. 3 197. 

Cbryjtantbemnm indicuni ; «• S. v. 1. . 4. 

Chrysanthemuiu indkam; I. v. 6 456. 

Cifttoa purpureuB. t. 5 408. 

Ctstus vaginatDS. v, 3 235. 

Citmsnobilis; 0. r» 3 $11. 

Citnis Aurantium; f. v. 4 34fi, 

Clematis arietata. t. 3 S38. 

Clematis brachiata. t. 9 97- 

Clerodendroo paaieulatum, v. 5 406, 

Cliloria Pluoiieri. r, 4 Sfi8. 

Combretum purpareum. t. 6 459. 

Convolrutus chmens^. r. 4 399. 

Convolvulus elongatus. t. tf. 498. 

CoDToWulus iuvolucTatus. r. 4 318. 

Convolvulas pannifolius. v. 3 923. 

Convolvulus pentautbus. v. 6 439. 

Convolvulus siculm. v. 6 445, 

Convolvulus suffruticosus. v, S I33. 

Coreopsis indaa« r. t ?« 

Corr«aalba« r, 6 515. 

Cornea speciosa. v. 1 S6. 

Cotrsea rirens, v. 1 3, 

Crassula versicolor, v. 4 320. 

Crtiium bracteatum. v. 3 179. 

Crinitm cruentum. v, 2 1 7 1 , 

Crinum pedunculatum. v, 1 52. 

Crufisatidra undultufoiia. v, t 6*9. 

CrotaJaria Jucana. v, 5 377, 

Crotalaria purpurea, v. 2 12s. 

Crotalaria retusa. V, S 253. 

Crotalaria vitellma. r, G 447. 

Cryptarrbena lunala. v, 2 153. 

Cryptosteipa grandiflora. v, 5 435. 

Cullumia ciliaris. r, 5. ...•..* b 384, 

CDphe;i pvotumbens, v. 3 1 82. 

Curculi^o jilicata. v, 4 a45. 

Cfnanchuiu pilosum. v, 2 ni. 

Cyitantbus coilinus. v, 2 162, 

CyrtatUUus oiLt>rus. v, 6 508, 

Cyrtanthus spiralis, v- 2 167, 

Cyrtautbus uuiflotus. v, 2 168. 

Cyiiaus biflorus. v, 4 309, 

Cytisus proliftros. v, 2 121, 

Dabliasuperfiua; t, V- 1 55. 

IMpbininm cbeilanthum. v, 6 473, 

Ddpbioium cuneatum. v. 4 397, 

Delphinium grandi6orum -,0, v. 6 472. 

Dianthoi crenatus, v. 3 sstf. 

D-gitaJis ambigua, v, 1 p4. 



yohnnen* FoUmn, 

Digitalis canariensii, v. 1 48. 

Digitalis lutea. v. 3 251. 

Digitalis parvittora. v, 3 257. 

Diosma ciliata. v. 5 366, 

Diosma dioica; mas, v, 6 502, 

Diosma hirta. v, 5 369- 

Diosma lanceolata, v. 6 476. 

Diospyros Euibryopteiis, t. 6 499. 

Dirca palustns, v, 4 292. 

Disa bracteata, v. 4 324, 

Disa prasinata. v. 3 2 10, 

DoHia giutinosa^ v. 3, 187; ei in noti* 
append, eyu^t vol, 

Durauta Plumieri. v. "8 244. 

Echiuops paniculatns, v. 5 856. 

Ecfaium candicaDs. v. 1 >.. 44. 

Ecbium froticosum. v, 1 36. 

Echium grandiflorum. v. 2 124. 

Elicbrysum proliferam. v. 1 21. 

Epideiidrum fuscatum, r. 1 67. 

Epidendrum nutans, v« 1 17. 

Epidendrum umbellatuiD. v, 1 80. 

Epigeta repens. v. 3 201. 

Erica ardens. v. 2 1)5. 

Erka filanientosa. v, 1 6. 

Rrica tuniida. v. I. , ,....•••• 65. 

Erigeron glaucum. v. 1 10- 

Eriobotrya japonica. In notu appenditis vo- 
luminit 6. 

Eryngium aqaaticnm. v, 5 S72. 

Errstoitini diffusum. v. a 388. 

Erytbrina camea, v. 5 369. 

Erytbrina crista galli. v, 4 ,. 313. 

Eucbilus obcordatus. v. 5 40S,. 

Eucrosia bicolor, v- 3 « 207. 

Euphorbia punicea. v, 3 190. 

Euphorbia rigida- v. 4. 274. 

Evolvulus latifolius, v. 5 401. 

Fragaria indica, r, 1 61 . 

Fomaria aurea. r. 1 66. 

Pumana extnua. v. 1 50. 

Fumaria nobilts. v. 5 395. 

Galactia pendula. v. 4 S69- 

Galega orientalis. v. 4 326. 

Gardenia floridai tf . v. 6 449. 

Gardenia radicans. v. 1 73. 

Gastnilobiam bilobam. v. 5 411- 

Gasania pavonia. v. 1 35- 

Genista canarienaia. v. 3 217- 

Gesneria aggregaUi. v. 4 32a 

Geaneria bolbosa. v. 4 343* 

Gesneria prasinata, v. 5 428. 

GlftdLolas edutia, v. 2 169- 

Gloriosa superba. v, 1 , , 77. 

Gloxinia speciosa. r. 3 213. 

Glycine bitnminosa. t. 3 261. 

Glycine caribaea. v. 4 275. 

Glycine comptoniana. v. 4 298- 

Gaaphaliam apidUatnro. v. 3 240. 

GnapbaHum congestum. v. 3. ..,,.«. 243. 

Gnidia oppositifolia, v. 1 2- 

Gnidia pinifolia ; <s. v, 1 19. 

Gompholobium grandiflomm, v. ff 484. 

Gonolobm diadematus, r. 3 252. 

Goodyera discolor. ▼. 4 271- 

Gossypiunt barbadense, v, 1 84, 

Grevillea buiifolia. v, 6. 443. 



OBNEBAL INDEX TO VOLS. I. 11, III. IV. V. AND VI. 



Griffinia hyaciDthioA. r. 6. u» moti foi* ver4, 

444. 
Griffinia pairiflora, t, 6. ftllt rf /afr. in 

append, ejtad* voi* 
Gi-indelia glutioosa. In natu appendicit 
voluminU 3. 

Griodelia iimloides. v. 3 «48. 

Grislea tomeotoaa, v. i so. 

Habenaria fimbriata. r. 6 406. 

Hsmaotbus canieus. v. fi 509. 

Httmanthus Goarctatus. r. 3 161, 

H«manthii9 pabetcent. v. 5 362. 

Hakca tnicrocarpa, r. 6 476. 

Hedrchiom angattifoUoin. v. ft. 167; efiit 

append, vat, 6. 

Hcdfsanim latifoliam. r. 6 365. 

HelicoDta Bihai. r. 5. S74 ; el im nUA pf 

nuitimd impend, epad, voi, 

fldiaotbai atrorubena. t. 0, 606. 

HepaUca americaoa. t. 6 387- 

Hibb«itiadeotata; «. v. 4 tat. 

Hibiscui divenifoliaa. ▼« 6,» 36J. 

HibiscBt heterophjllot. v. I......... fl9. 

HibifCDf pedonculatofl. v. 3 681. 

Hibtocoi pbceoiceus. r. 3 ft30. 

Hibiacnt Rofa malabarica. t. 4 387. 

Hil^>fni« tUiaceut. r. 3 383. 

Homaliam racemoiutn. r. 3, 619. 

Hovea Cd^. r. 4. •'• 160. 

Hovea tipearifl. v. 3 433. 

Horenia acerba. r- 6. 601, 

HfaciDthtift anit^thystioii*, v. 6 398. 

Hydrophylloia caiiadfittie. r. 3. *4.«.34t. 

Hrdropbrllam riT^tUcum. 7.4 331. 

Hyoftcyamiu canarieDsi*. v. 8. 180} et im 

nttiig appendicu tfvsdem vohtm, 

Hypericum ffgypticam. v. 8 133. 

Hjpoxis obtusa. r, ft 1 69. 

Indigofem anicopa. v. 4 300. 

lodigufera amtralit. t. 6. 383. 

jDdigofera filifoHa. In noiu e^pcmdicU f^ 

Inga porpurea. t, ft. 129- 

Inula glaodulosa. r. 4 834. 

^l)Mi»tta6<»ui*Wt $;^«V7wrafM]M.T. 4,190; 
€t in HOtis t^fpeJuUds vd, 4, 

Ipomcea c»rulea. t. 4 ft73. 

Ipomoea chryseides. r. 4 ft70. 

Ipomcsa deuticulata. t. 4 317. 

Ipomoea bederacea. t. 1 86. 

Jpo«ioca Jalapa; eu t, 4, 849; ei append. 
^pud^ voluminit. 

Ipomiea inugDi*. t- 1 75- 

Iponura luarittma. v. 4 319, 

Ipovoea muricata. In noti* appendieii twin* 



mmu 4 



ti 






If #34#*«4a w 

3. ft39; et 



.. 39. 
ippend. 



Ipomoea matabilit. 
Ipomcea obtcure. 

voi. 4. 

Ipomoea panicniata, t. 1 6ft. 

Ipomcea platfiusis. T.4 883. 

Ipomoea tagittifolia. ▼. 3. V 437* 

Ipomoea sanguinea, T.I 9. 

Ipomcea sctosa. t. 4 * 335. 

IpoDuea toberculata. r. 1. 83 j e^ tit ^ppm^ 

Ipomoea Turpethum. r. 4 ft79. 






Vo lmm e n* Folium. 

Iris dichotoma. v. 8. 343} tt in append, 
vol. 4- 

Ixora Bandbuca. y.6 618. 

Ixora blanda. v. 9. 100; et in t^>pend,vot.6^ 

Ixora graodtflota. v. ft 164. 

JasioDe perennis. T- 6 506. 

JauDiuum auriculatum. r. 4 364. 

Jasminum azoricum. r. 1 89. 

Jaaminum gn^didorum. v. ft 9). 

Jatmionm birtutum. r. 1 15. 

Jasminum bumile. t. 6 360. 

Jaimiaiim rerolutom. t. 8. 178; et in 

append. poL 3* 

Januinum Sambac. v. 1. l. 

Jatmuiom unduJatDm, t. 3. 483; ei ht op- 

pendice epud. vol* 

Jaiticia euttachiaoa. t.4 809. 

Ksmpferia pandurata. t. 3 17a. 

Kanlfoula aaielloidci, t. 6 490. 

Kalreutaria pankolata. t. 4 880. 

Lacbenalia pallida; «. t.4. « 814. 

Lacbenalia pallida ; 0. t. 4 ft87' 

Z^6ralt«C0fi/«Nivufff. T. ft. lQ4j etinnotie 
appendicit v^htminis 8. 

LeoDOtit DCftetifolia. t. 4 381. 

Leueadendroo Goiymboaum. t. 6 403. 

liatris al^aut. v. 4 337. 

lilium pttmilum. v. ft 133. 

Limodomm Mcatum. t. 4. 388. 

Liparia hinuta- t. 1 8, 

Lobelia ful^Dt. t, ft 136. 

Lobelia tplendeiii. t. 1 30. 

Lomatia loogifolia. t. 3 44ft. 

Loi^cera dioica; 0. r. ft 18B. 

Loakerajaponica. t. 1 , 70. 

Lonicera tatarioa. t. 1 si. 

Lajuaai meiieauui. t. 3 467* 

LycbniA fulgeoa. v. 3 476. 

Ljcium afmm. t. 6 364. 

Magnolia GOrdata. t.4 aft6. 

ItfagiM^ia pjramidaU. v. 6 407. 

Mabeniia grandifiara. t. 8. 334. 

Malachn htciata. t. 3 437. 

Malpigbia focata. r. 8 189. 

Malpigbia urent. t. ft. 93. 

Malra calydmu t. 4 397. 

Malva c^MDtit. r. 4 396. 

Malva flagrant, t. 4 396. 

Manmta sebrina. v. 6 385. 

Marica gladiata. r. a ftft9. 

Marftd^nia •uaTeoteni. r. 3 4S9. 

Melaleuca fulgent, v. 3 10a. 

Melaleoca incana. t. 5 410. 

Melaleuca squamea. t. 3 477. ^ 

Melattoma lierigata. t. 6 833- 

Melianthua m^or. t. 1 46. 

Meaembrjantbemum capitatmm. t. 3, . . 494. 
Meaembrjaothemum elongatom. t. 3. 493. 
Meaeinbryanthemuin maximum, t. 6. . . 368. 
MeumbrTantbemum tigrioum. t. 3, . . 360. 
MeepitmM japmiica, v, 6. 336 ; ei in appmd, 

tw/MmM3. 

Himoaa aeoiitiTa. t, I ^5. 

Mitella dipbylla. t. ft ig3. 

Hodecea lobata t mot, t, 5 433. 

Mooarda punctata, t. l B7. 

Honea lunda. t. 4 813. 



GENERAL INDEX TO VOLS, I. U, III, IV, V. AND Vl, 



Volumeii^ Folium. 

Marrftj^ exolics* v, 5. « 434> 

Muacari ctliatum- v, 5. 894. 

Musssnda frnndosa. v- 6 517< 

Narclssas montanns. v. 2 1 33- 

Nerium odorum; 0. r. 1 74. 

Nyctftnthtrs Arbor (ristis. v, 5 3.99. 

(Enothera odorata. v, 2 \A1 . 

OpUrys Speculum, v. 5 370. 

Ophrys tuntbredinift^ra. v. 3 SO^. 

Orchis longibractcata. v. 5 357> 

Orchis longicomu, \\ ^ 209. 

Orchis tephrosanthes ; 0. r. 5 375- 

Orchis variegata. v. 5 367> 

Ornithogalum tilvcnm. v. 3 $35. 

Ormthogalum prasinunt. v. 2 15S. 

OrDithogalum rt^rolutuni. v. 4 315- 

Ornitbogaltim tliyrsojilcs; «. v. 4. ...31^- 
Ornitboga]um thyrsoidcs; 0. v, 4. ,..305, 

Othonaa abrotanifoliu. v. % lOS. 

Othoiinft cheirifolia. t, 4 266, 

Oxalis flava. v. $ 117* 

OxyToblum arborescens. v. 5 392. 

Pacbysandra procumbens. v. I S3. 

PaeoDia albi flora; 0- v« 1 42. 

Peeonia slbiAora} >- t. 6 485. 

Pttonia TBoUis. t. 6 474. 

PtfODia Moutan ; «. v, 5. 379. 

Pancratium an^stum. v. 3 S3t. 

Pancratium calathiiyim, v. 3 $15- 

Piancratiom cananease. v, 3 174. 

PancratiuDi guianense, t. 4 ;,$65« 

PaDcratium maritimum. r. 2 161. 

Pancratium ovatum. t. 1 43. 

Pancratium verecundum. v. 5 413. 

Pancratium zeylanlcum. t. 6 479* 

Paparer floiibundum. t. 2 134. 

PassitloTa adiaDtifolia, v. S 233* 

Passiflora aiigusti folia, v. 3 I88. 

Patsiflora csrulea. v, 6 488. 

Passiflora foetida. v. 4 3^1. 

Passiflora glauca. v. 1 83. 

Paasitlora holoscricea, v. \ 59. 

Passillora incarnata; ec. v. 4 332. 

Passiflora incamata; 0. ediiiU. r. 2. 1.52; et 
in append, ejtisd. voL et qiwque voL 6, 

Passiflora laurifotia, v, 1 13, 

Pas&iAora lutca. v. 1 79, 

Passifloia malifonnis. v. 2 94. 

Pas&iBora minima, v. 2 144. 

Passiflora peltata. v. 6 507- 

PassiHora perfoliata. v. 1 78- 

Passiflora quadrangiilaris. v- 1 14, 

Passifiom raceroosa. v> 4 285, 

Passiflora rubra, v. ? 95, 

PassiBora tuberosa. v. 5 432. 

Patersonia glabrata. v. 1 51. 

Pavetta indica. v. 3 193, 

Pavonia s^Jiuifcx. f . 4 339. 

Penxa squamosa, v, 2 106. 

Pei^laria (idoralissima. v. 5 413. 

Phaseolus Cai acatla. v, 4 34 1 . 

Phloi iuffruticosa. v. 1 6s, 

Photinia arbutifolta. v. 6 49I. 

PiDgtiicala lutca- v. 2 1 ae. 

Pittosporum revolutum- v. 3 136, 

Pittoapomm nndulatum, t. 1 le. 

Plumbago capensiB. v. 5 417, 



FQlitmu 
..- \14- 



Plumerla acuminata, t. 2 

Plumcria bicolor. x.^ 480. 

Plumcria tiicotor. r. 6. 510. 

Pogonia ophioglossoides, v. 2 148. 

Polemonium mexioaDum. v. 6 460. 

Polianthcs tubcroaa. v. 1 63- 

Polygaia sptciosa. v. 9 150. 

Polygonum frutesccns* v. 3 254. 

Prostautbera lasiantbos. v. 2 143. 

Protea accrosa. r, 5 35 1 . 

Protca longifolia. v. 1 47. 

Protea neriifoUa. v. 8 208. 

Protea pulcbclla. v. 1 20- 

Prunus japonica, r. 1, 37; €t in append, 

volvminu 6. 

PruDus prostrata. v. 2 , 136. 

Piioraiea mellLotoides. r, 6 454. 

Psoralca Onobrychis. v, 6, > 453- 

Psoralea pedunculata. t. 3. 223, 

Pulmonaria paniculata; ec, t. 2 146. 

Pultentea retusa. v. 5 378- 

Pyretbrum fcaniculaceum, v. 4 «72- 

Pyiiis salicifoliai v. 6 514, 

QuisqualU indica. t. 6 492, 

Kaphiolepia indica. v. 6 468. 

Reseda odorata ; 0. v- 3 • 227- 

Khexia holosencea. v. 4 , . 323. 

Rhododendron dauncum ; 0, t. 3 194. 

Rhododendron bybndum. t. 3 195- 

Rhodod€ndroa punctatum ; 0- v, 1 37- 

Ribes aoreom,- t, 2 125. 

Rjcotia ae^yptiacA. r. 1 49. 

Rosa alpina. t. 5 424. 

Rosa Btuiksis. v. 6 397. 

Rosa centifolia; 0. (mtsscosa fiore alboplefio). 

In notis appendici^ voltmuTus 6, 
Rosa c€ntifoUa; 0. fm^^^osa Jiore simpticij. 

In noiis appendicis volmninxs 6, 

Rosa ferox- v. 5 420. 

Rosa fraximfolia, v. 6 458. 

Rosa gallica ; tf. y- 6 448. 

Rosa kamchatica. r. 5 419- 

Rosa raultiflora. v. 5 425. 

Rosa parvifoUa. v- 6 452. 

Hosa provinciatis i 0. (muscwa fl&rt , albo 

pletio.J V- 2. 102; e$ in apptndicc volu- 

yninis 6. 
Hosa prouinoialis i 0. ffnwscota Jlore nntpiicinj 

V. 1 . 53 ; €f in appendice voluminit 6. 

Rosa rubrifoUa. v. 5 430, 

Rosa sempervirans. v. 6 465. 

RoBaspinosissima; reversa* v. 5 431. 

Rosa sulpburea. v- 1 46. 

Royena pubesceos- v. 6 500. 

Rubus reflexns. v. 6 461, 

Rubus parPifoUus. v. 6 496- 

Ruta pinnata- v. 4 307. 

Salvia amarissima. v. 4 347- 

Salria amcena. t. 6 446. 

Salvia bispanica. v. 5 359. 

Satyrium cucullatum. t. 5 416. 

Sanscvicra zeylanica, t. 2 I6O. 

Sedum c^ruleum, v. 6 530- 

Sedum ternatum. t. 2 142- 

Selago fasciculata. v. 3 I84. 

Selloa glutinosa- r, 6 462. 

SeDapeiTiTum arborenm. v. 2 99. 



GENERAL INDEX TO VOLS- K 11, III. IV- V. AND VI, 



Volumen^ Folium. 

Sempervivmu gJutmosuin, v, 4 278, 

Senecio spedosus. v, 1 41. 

Sida grandifolta. v, 5 ^GO. 

Silene penftylvanica. v, 3> 247; et append, 
efusd. voL 

Solanum amazonium, v. K 71^ et in append, 
voL 2. 

Solanum decunens. v, a i40, 

Solanum fomanesianum. v, S 177. 

Sparaxis giandiflora. v. 3 258. 

Spartium ferox. v. 5 , . 368, 

Spermadictyoii suaveolens, v, 4 S48. 

SteDaathera pinifolia. v, 3 218. 

Slenocarpns saligaus, v. S 441, 

Sterculia Balanghas. v. 3i 185. 

Stevia Eupatoria. v. 2 93. 

Strelitzia parrlfiora; juttcea. v. 6 516, 

Slrophanthns dichotomua, v. 5 469. 

Slrumaria filifoUa, v, 6 440. 

Styltdium graminifoliam, v, 1 90, 

S^phelia loDgifoIla. v. 1 24. 

Tabcma&TDontana amygdaUfoUa. v. 4. . .338. 

Teedia lucida. v. 3 209. 

Teedia pabeacens. v. 3 214, 

Templetonia retusa. t, 5 ^. . . . 363- 

Thanbetgia grandifi^ra. t. 6 495. 

Tillandsia xipbioides. v, 2 105, 

Tournefortla AiiUcosa. v. 6 464, 



Volumen, Folium, 

Trachelium csEruleum, v. 1 73, 

Tradcscantia fuscata. v, fi , 482. 

Trapa oatans, v, 3, 259 ; et in append, fjtud. 
vol. 

Tritonia refracla. v. 2 |35- 

Tulipa cornuta. v, 2 1 27, 

Tulipa gesneriana. v. 5 38O, 

Tiilipa oculus solis, r, 3 204. 

Uropetalon gtaucum, t, 2 lb€, 

Vaccinium amoenum. v. 5 400. 

Vaccinium fuscatum- v. 4 d09, 

Valeriana Cornucopioe. t, 2 155. 

Vanda Hoxburghii, y. 6 506. 

Vaoda paniculata. In notis append, voL 6, 

VdJa Pseudo-Cytiftus, v- 4 293. 

Verbena Aubletia. t. 4 294, 

Vestia lycioides. t, 4, 299 ; et notis appendice 
votuniitiis 5. 

Viburnum odoratissimnm. t. 6 466. 

Viburnum rugoaam. t, 5, 376 ; et in ap- 
pendice voiumints <>, 

VInca berbacea. v. 4 301 , 

Viola altfuca, t. 1 54. 

Viola pnbesc«nfl ; 0. t. 5 390. 

VFebera corymlMMa, v. 2 119, 

Witoenia maura, t« 1 5. 

Xylopbylla falcata, t. 5 373, 






References to Enumerations of the species of particular Genera in the 

present work. 

Uhopetalon- ■ yoL 3, verso foL 1S6- 
BrunsvIGIa, Vol. 3. 192, l9Sr folio uitimo veno. 
Makica, Vol 3, fol. 329, scattulo verso. 
Tritonia, In appendice vofunauit 3. 
SrARAXia. In eod, hco. 
MoBjBA, In appendice v^luminis 4- 
Ikis. In appendice voin/minis 5. 
StrumaRia, Ad caicemfoL 440, versi. 



END OF VOL. VL 






V 



S.Go>nell, Prir-tw, Lttllt ^urtti 



London.