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EDWARDS'S U^ 







BOTANICAL REGISTER: 



OR, 



ORNAMENTAL FLOWER-GARDEN 



AND SHRUBBERY: 



CONSISTING OF 



COLOURED FIGURES OF PLANTS AND SHRUBS, 



CULTIVATED IN BRITISH GARDENS; 



ACCOMPANIED BY THEIR 



l^istorp, 33est JWetj^oli of -^Treatment fn ©ultibation, ^ropajatfon, Src. 



CONTINUED 



By JOHN LINDLEY, F.R.S. L.S. and G.S 

PROFESSOR OF BOTANY IN THE UNIVERSITY OF LONDON, 

^c. ^c. ^c. 



VOL. XV. Q 



Viret semper nee frond e caduc^ 



Carpitur. 



LONDON: 



JAMES RIDGWAY, 169, PICC 




W.DCCCXXIX. 






:UL 311924 






GARr N. 



H 



^ '' 




'j' «' 



LONDON: 

J. MOrsS, TOOK'8 COUBT, CHANCBftr LAMB* 




\ 



^ c^-/^ \l^U€i^:. ..-^ . 



ir 



1217 



LUPINUS* plumo'sus. 






Feathery Perennial Lupine. 



DIADELPHIA DECANDRIA 



Nat. ord. LEGUMiNOSiE. 
LUPINUS. — Suprd, vol. 6. fol. 457. 



L. plumosus ; perennis, villosissimus, floribus alternis breviter pedicellatis 
bracteolatis, calycis labio superiore bifido ; inferiore integro, foliolis 5-7 
lanceolatis, leguminibus glabris 3-5-spennis, bracteis floribus longioribus 
villosis deciduis. Douglas journ. ined. '"; 

Caulis 2~4-p€dalis, ramosus, villosissimuSy lignosus. Foliola 5-7, lanceo- 
lata, sericea. Racemus pedalis et ultrh. Flores alterniy pedicellati. 
Calyx villosus, labio superiore bijido, inferiore integerrimo ; bracteolce 
longissimcB, villostBy piliformes. Bracteee subulate^, villosay floribus longiores, 
deciduce. Vexillum ampluniy cceruleum; alee et carina pallidcB, Legumen 
glabruMy S'S^spermum ; semina oarva, nigro-fusca. Douglas ined. 



» 



'' Common in Northern California^ in 45^ north, growing 
in gravelly soil ; it is also found at the sources of the 
Walla-wallah river, near the Blue Mountains of North- 
western America, flowering through June and July. 

The foregoing matter has been obligingly communi- 
cated by Mr. Douglas, by whom seeds were sent to the 
Horticultural Society in 1827. Our drawing was made 
in the Chiswick Garden, in August 1828. 

This is nearly related to Lupinus leucophyllus, already 
figured in this work. Like that species, it is a hardy 
perennial, growing freely in any common soil, but perhaps 
preferring peat borders. It is principally distinguished by 
its larger and less crowded flowers, and by its long, 
deciduous, shaggy bracteae, which clothe the upper unex- 



Seefol. 1198 
VOL. XV. B 



panded part of the raceme so closely as to give it a comose 



appearance. 



Stems 2 to 4 feet high, TDranching, very villous, of 
woody texture. Leaflets 5-7, lanceolate, silky. Flowei 
disposed m racemes, exceeding a foot in length, alternate 
on short pedicels. Caly 



with 



Bractece subulate 



r villous; upper lip bifid, und 
ceedingly long, villous, hair-like bracteoL 



pallid 
browr 



Pod smooth 
Douglas. 



Vejc ilium larg 



blue 



d carina 



seeded ; seeds small, blackish 



J. L. 



\fi 



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V 



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t 



/2/<^ 




( 




/ ■"'■/ 



1218 



\ 



mis* tenax. 



Tough-threaded Iris. 



TRIANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 



Nat. ord. Iride^. 



IRIS. — Suprd, vol. 3. fol. 246 



r 

§ Div. Imberbes. 
I. tenax; imberbis, foliis lineari-ensiformibus tenacissimis cauli unifloro 
suboequalibus, corollae tubo brevissimo, ovario longipedunculato ftudo, 
petalis exterioribus obovatis acuminatis venosis, stigmatibus bilobis ab- 

breviatis. 
I. tenax. Douglas joum. ined. 

Planta ctespitosa, foliis rigidis, erectis, lineari-ensiformibus, semper- 
virentibusy t^acissimis, Jloribus (in spontaneo) breinoribus. Caulis erectus, 
pedalis, V. paulb major, angulatus, foliosus, basi vestigiis foljorum vestitns, 
ut Allium Victorialis. Ovarium longipedunculafum, hand folits Jiorahbus 
inclusum, subtriquetrum. Flores magnitudine I. virginica, tn ovarto ses- 
siles, atro-purpurei, venosi, petalis exterioribus obovatis, acuminatis, pa- 
tentibus, imberbibus, interioribus obovatis, rotundatis, erectis, brevionbus. 
Stigmata biloba, abbreviata. 



J * 



A new species discovered by Mr. Douglas, to whom 
we are much indebted for the following memorandum con- 
cerning it : 

" A common plant in North California, and along the 
coast of New Georgia, in dry soils or open parts ot woods; 
flowering in April and May. 

" The native tribes about Aguilar river, in California 
find this plant very serviceable for many purposes 
the veins of the leaves fine cord is made which is con- 
verted into fishing nets; and from its ^^^J^^^/^.^X 
strength, and durability, it suits this purpose admirably. 



from 



name of the rainbow, and has been 




genus on account of its ever-varying colours. 



It is also made into snares for deer and bears ; and a good 
idea may be formed of its strength, when a snare, not 
thicker than a 16-thread line, is sufficient to strangle 
Cervus Alces, the Great Stag of California, one of the most 
powerful animals of its tribe. The cordage is also manu- 
factured into bags and other articles." 

From the foregoing account, and from what we have 
seen of the plant, we incline to think it might be profitably 
cultivated in waste land in this country for hemp. It is quite 
hardy, grows readily, and might soon be increased con- 
siderably; being a perennial, it would be cultivated at little 
expense, and there is no doubt that it would be far more 
advantageous to a British agriculturist than the celebrated 
New Zealand flax, of the success of which in this climate 
there is now, we presume, no probability. 

A plant forming close tufts of rigid, erect, linear-ensi- 
form, evergreen, tough leaves, which in wild specimens are 
rather shorter than the flowers. Stem erect, a foot or 
rather more high, angular, leafy, clothed at the base with 
remams of the leaves, as in Allium Victorialis. Ovarium on 

a long stalk, not enclosed within the floral leaves, 

what 3-cornered. Flowers about the size of Iris virginica, 
sessile on the ovarium, dark purple, veiny; the outer petals 
obovate, acuminate, spreading, beardless ; the inner ob- 
ovate, rounded, erect, shorter than the others. Stmnas 
2-lobed, short. 

This species is most nearly related to the Iris humilis 
ot Bieberstein, from which, ruthenica, bidumis. and all the 



some 



ghbouring species, it is distinguished by the proport.^x. 
borne to the outer petals by the stigmas, by the short 



tube of the corolla, and by the long stalk upon which the 
ovarium is elevated far above the floral leaves. 

Our drawing was made in the Garden of the Horticul- 
tural bociety in November last. It is not, however, to be 
doubted that its true season of blossoming is the spring: 
the Garden specimens were in all respects like the wild 

except that the leaves were longer than the flowering 



stem 



circumstance probably caused by the 



period at which the plants came into flower 



J. L. 



1219 



AMARYLLIS* coranica; i?«r. pallida. 



Pale Corana Amaryllis. 



HEXANDRIA MONOGYNIA 



Nat. ord. Amaryllide^. 
AMARYLLIS. — SuprH, vol. 1. fol 23. 



A. coranica ; foliis bifariis alternfe utrbque versiis ^^^^^^-^^ ?f ^/^ ,^,Xs 
latis, scapo piano dupl6 altiore umbeM numerosa corolhs egulanbus 
infundibuliformibus revolutis dupl6 longionbus ped.cellis, tubo dupld 
breviore limbo. Ker. supra, vol. 2. t. 139. 

Animocharis coranica. Herbert's treatise, p. 17. 

Var. pallida ; floribus minoribus pallidionbus unicolonbus, folus nimds 



glaucis. 



Our drawing of this rare bulb was made ^o"^ ^ plan^ 
supplied by J. H. Slater, Esq- .^^ Bewick Park to whom 
wi^have had to express our acknowledgments upon more 
than one previous occasion. It is a native of the J) ape ot 
Good Hope, and requires the treatment of similar plants 



from that country 



confess 



With regard to the genus of this ^peces. we ^ome« 
our opinion to be by no means decided Mr. Herbert 

includes it in his Ammocharis ; but the d'ffe ^nc^J't ^ot 
that genus and Nerine of the same gf»'';7" 'i„^°^ 
clear to us: in the meanwhile t^e fruit of A. comnuoa 
being unknown, we judge it best to leave the species 
amoL the mass of other Amaryllideous plants called 



among 
Amaryll 



J. L 




• See fol. 1 1 88. 



4 

y 



/^M 




y 



v^- 



/ 



/ 





^ % 



y^^^y 



/ 



I 



■/a 



/ 



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Mr 



I" ^' 



1220 



OENOTHERA* viminea 



Long-branched (Enothera. 



OCTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

* H- 

i 

Nat. ord. Onagrari^. 

(ENO THERA . — SuprH, vol 2. fol. 147. 



GE 



(E 



..»,»,"="• ' '-'^"'t; suuerecio virgaio giaoro, tolas Unean-lanceolatis glaucis, 
petahs calyce dupl6 longioribus, capsulis teretibus sulcatis pubescentibus. 



fol 



Caules annwi, suberecti, virgati, 3-pedales, basi lignescentes, purpurei, 
glabri, flexuost. Folia glabra, lineari-lanceolata, glauca, subundulata. 
i-lores magm, purpureo-carnei, diurni. Petala cuneata, erosa, calyce duplb 
ad mtnimum longiora. Stigma crassum, purpureum, A-lobum, lobis patenti- 
ous. CApsula pubescens, teres, sulcata. 



Found by Mr. Douglas near the Aguilar, a river in the 
northern part of California, in latitude 43° north. It grows 
commonly in dry prairies, flowering in dry situations in 
April ; but in low, overflowed grounds all the summer. It 



hardy 



of woody annual, of great beauty, and perfectly 



Our drawing was made in the Garden of the Horticul- 
tural Society in September 1828. 

Stems annual, somewhat erect, rod-like, about 3 feet 
high, smooth, purple, wavy, becoming woody at the base. 
Leaves smooth, linear - lanceolate, glaucous, somewhat 
wavy. Flowers large, pinkish-purple, opening during the 
day. Petals wedge-shaped, eroded, twice, at the least, as 
long as the calyx. Stigma thick, purple, 4-lobed ; lobes 
spreading. Capsule pubescent, taper, furrowed. 



• See fol. 1142. 



i 



/22/ 




\ 






^ 



^ 



/ 



- - -- '^ -^ 




^ fjf^ ^ 



\ 




f221 



F * 



(ENOTHERA* dec^bens. 



Decumbent Purple (Enothem. 




OCTANDRIA MONOGYNIA 

Nat. ord. Onagrarije. 
(ENOTHERA. — Suprd, vol. 2. fol 147. 



(E 



decumbens; caule ascendente piloso, foliis ovato - lanceolatis glaucis 
pubescentibus, petalis calyce paulo longioribus, capsulis teretibus sub- 

Quadratis tomentos s. sfi-o-mct;» l^K.'o „„:„ ..a'. ^ lereuDus suD- 



i - ^ quadratis tomentosis, stigmatis lobi's crassis reflexis^ 



(E 



fol. 



Cauhs annuus, ascendens, pilosus, pallidus, pedalis v. sesquipedalis 
ramosus Foha ovato-lanceolata, pubescentia, glauca, integerriZ.Flo^es 
septus folns breviores; petala purpurea, calyce paulo longiora- sti^a 
crassum purpureum, quasi capitatum, ob lobos rejlexos. Capsula /Jm SS 
guadrata, non sulcata, tomentosa. <^v^^ia leres, suo- 



t Like the last, this pretty species has been procured for 

p pur Gardens by the exertion of Mr. Douglas, who found it 

in dry soils among mountain valleys, in Northern California. 
It flowered for the first time in the Garden of the Horticul- 
tural Society m the autumn of 1827 ; our drawing was 
made there in September 1 828. 

•1^ ^^n^^ annual, growing readily in common garden 
sou and flowering during August and September. If cul- 
tivated in a patch in a large garden pot, and in poor soil 
so that their over-luxuriance is checked, both this and all 
Its purple-flowered brethren, such as quadr'wulnera, pur- 
purea, Romanzovii, viminea, Lindkyana, &c. produce their 
blossoms in much greater perfection than in the open 
border ; but they cease flowering sooner. 

Stem annual, ascending, hairy, pale, about a foot or a 



• See foL 1 142. 






foot and half high, branching. Leaves ovate-lanceolate, 
pubescent, glaucous, entire. Flowers usually shorter than 
the leaves; petals purple, rather longer than the calyx; 
stigma thick, purple, having the appearance of a head, on 
account of the lobes being reflexed. Capsule taper, rather 
square, not furrowed, tomentose. 

The stigma of this species, although having the appear- 
ance of being capitate, must not be confounded with that 
of the true capitate-stigma'd species, constituting M. De- 
candolle's first section of the genus » 

J. L. 



i 



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T 

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I 

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t 



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rv 







t. 



4 -- 



v.- 




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1222 



r -, 



r 



SPIRiEA* chamaedrifdlia 



Germander-kaved Spircsa. 









ICOSANDRIA PENTAGYNIA. 



■VT 



Nat, ord. 
SPIRMA 



toro calyce adhserente inserta. 

brev^ apiculata, sessilia, rarb stipitata. 

^xalbuminosa. 



Calyx 5-fidus, persistens. Stamina 10-50, cum petal 



inermeSj v. 



, rari) 
. suturse 

Embryo inversus, cotyledonibus crassiusculis. 

Rami alterni. 



perejinan 



Frutices 
Folia altema, simpHcia, 



A 



temato 



Decand. prodr. 2. 541. 



Flores 



§ Cham<Bdryon. Ovaria libera. Toms apice liberus, basi tubo 
calycino concretus. Carpella non inflata. Frntices. Flores her- 
maphroditi umbellati v. subcorymbosi, pedicellis indivisis unifloris. 
toha. Integra v. dentata exstipulata. Dec. I. c. 



ifolia 



Spiraea chamaedryc 
S. cbameedrifolia. 

basin sinistr. . 

? S. cbamsedrifolia «. 
S. ulmifolia. ScopoK c 

Dec. prodr. 2. 542. 

Frutex humanm alt 
flexuosis anqulatis. F- 



terminal 



ramis 



J foliis. Ammann stirp. rar. 190. 
Linn. sp. pL L 701. n. 9. Pal 



fol. ad 



P 



22. Willd, 



T 



V. 2. p. 1154. 



ctus, ramosus, ramis cinereis, juniorihus 
acuminata^ inciso-serrata, gUJfra, Ulmi 



v«,«^catri5 magnituaine, pettolis pilosis. ^Corymbi terminales, peduncuiati 
hemispharici, subracemosi. Flores albi. muiusculi. 



k 



X 



The genus Spiraea has been excellently remodelled by 



M. Cambessed 



m a valuable paper published in the 



Annales des Sciences Naturelles: but a great deal of 



■ 

* According to Sprengel, the ctu^*U of Theophrastug was the modern 
bpirsea salicifolia. It seems to have derived its name from 

g T^ds'*^' '" *^^""°" ^** ^^® ^'°®" '''' *^* P^'*''* '"^ iy^\simz into 



rxttfiim^ to 



%■ 



/' 



fusion still exists among the species; confusion which 
can only be removed by a critical examination of the 
synonymy of each, and by good figures of all the species 
and their principal varieties. 

We suspect that this observation is particularly ap- 
plicable to the subject of the accompanying plate, of 
which, according to Russian and other Botanists, the 
varieties are very numerous; but under which we are 
rather disposed to believe two at least, if not more, distinct 
species are confounded. . 

S. chamaedrifolia originated with Ammann, from whom 
Linnaeus adopted it. The description of the former of 
these two writers is so good, that it leaves no doubt upon 
our minds that he intended the species now represented ; 
indeed his account will not apply to any other plant : he 
confines its range to Davuria ; and he does not advert to 
any supposed tendency in it to vary. 

Gmelin, however, in his Flora Sibirica, declares it to be 
extremely variable ; but the account he gives of the varieties 
makes it more than probable that he is talking of different 
species. This may possibly have predisposed Pallas to 
adopt the same opinion in his Flora Rossica, in which of I 
all the forms he has figured, the single leaf alone, at the 
bottom of the left side of the plate, seems to us to repre- 
sent exactly the species intended by Ammann. According 
to Fallas, it first appears on the east of the Ural Moun- 
tains skirting the banks of the Tura, the Ljala, the Cocva, 
the feosva, and other Alpine streams; becomes abundant 
about the Jenisei, and fills all the woods and thickets of 
the Transbaicaline districts, and especially of Davuria 
^ut we believe this, the Davurian plant, is different from 
the others of which Pallas speaks. 

This confusion having been once introduced, a new 
name was given to the true S. chamjedrifolia by Scopoli 

r„1?r ^^^/^ycei^lPg »V^ identity with the plant of Ammann! 
published it under the name of S. ulmifolia — 

W~ ^^f^^.^d^Pted by all succeeding Butunisis. 

,Tm-?7. ''^"^^ *^'' "'^'*^^^' cancelling the species called 
ulmifoha, as a mere repetition of S. chamaedrifolia. 

ih.l^^ ^P'"''^- ^^"""^^^ f ^'- ^^^^^^^ is i^ all probability 
the same species as S, chamcEdrifolia ; at least, when that 



an error 



V 






■^1 



y 






I 



l> 



Botanist was last in England he 
ing, and called it his S. Jiexuo 
plant called S. fi 



this 



species grow 



davurlca; while the 



in Cambessedes 



paper ap 



from the figure to be intended for another, name 



D 



Fischer S. Jli 



the 



cc 



latifolia^ which approaches 



by 



Spiraea praecox montana folio parvo in summitate 
bifido V. trifido" of Gmelin, which is also in our Gardens, 
under the false name of Spiraa crenata, and which is the 
«S'. chamcsdrifoUa of Willdenow. 

r 

According to Pallas, S. chamaedrifolia, or sonie of its 
supposed varieties, is found in Kamtchatka, where the 



the leaves for 



the 



g shoots 



king tubes for tobacco-pipes, and 

;s. For the 



mhabitants use 

manufactured into 

the plant itself makes excellent clipped hedg 

latter purpose it is worth a trial in this country. 

Our drawing was made in June 1824, in Messrs. 
Whitley's Nursery. The shrub is quite hardy, and very 
ornamental. 



Stem about 



high 



as 



man, erect, branched 



the 



branches ash-coloured, when young flexuose and angular 



Leaves 

size of those of Ul 



smooth, about the 
pestris, with pilose petioles. 



Corymbs terminal, stalked, hemispherical, somewhat 



mose 



Flowers white, rather larg 



J. L 



U Z 3. 




1223 



TUPISTR A* niitans. 



1 



Nodding Tupistra. 



HEXANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 



Nat. ord. Aroideje. ^ ? ? Taxici 
TUPISTRA. — Supr^, vol. 9. fol 



T. nutans; spica petiolis breviore obtusissima nutante, floribus densissimi 
approximatis campanulato-pateriformibus unibracteatis.- TFaWzcA MSS. 
rnrZT ''''''irl' •^''^'°"'* solitdfia, orMibus partibus latvissima. Rhizoma 
Z^Z ' paZto, crassum, propter cicatrices insertionum foliomm an- 

Z.^1/ T "^ ^''^"'^''•'J"' «' suhparalleU annulatum, indivisum, 

Perpendiculare rectum deorskm attenuatum, et fihras radicates exserer^s 

radcal "^^ \'''''l^ ^l^\-^i^.\r leviter ramosas. Folia circiter .ex, omZ 
7rt^.?' ^''''}''-V^^^^^, ohscuri hifaria, apice nutantia, oblongo-lanceolata, 
^J^JrorsHm attenuate suhacuminata, basi acuta,, vix undulata, subplicata, 

Zbth^Llrf "r'^'" *'J'r ''^V l^'o^^t^' ^Pr^ atfo-viHdiaUucida, 
subtus pallida, tamen mtidula. co&tAnuP ^l^^^ntA ^.LooA ^-j^/.„ ,'__...' 



foliis 



tamen nitidula, costdque elevatd crassa, pedalia 
.aha, evolutione convoluto-infundibuliformia. Petioli bifari^ 
pluries breviores, tri-quadripollicares, Qylindrici, profunda 
hr'iZ ;"^'".'^-^**^"(P'^ deorsUm valdk ampliati, basi latissimd bifarid im- 
/I!/ ? ^f>^'fomattsque superiorem partem arctk amplectentes. Scapus cen- 
rnr-^' ^ri"^^ rhtzomatis, erectus, teres, petiolis scBpius brevior, tripolli- 
^aris, pauidus, pennant anserinam crassus, apice incurvd subincrassafd 



basi _, 

tudine (Equantihu's, sursitm omnino 



mq 



iprfi, c„,' \ . ^ -- — ™. ^...», v>u<.j ■.utiu/tfua ^tciujiiuuK inter- 

vnffLrr, J I {^r;ninalis, cylindrico-oblonga, obtusissima, bi-trtpollicaris, 

AorT^ tlf } ^«'«'. ««/««*> demiim omninb decurva scapoque parallela, 

Wff«L?f tf 7 r' T^^'t' '^ r''^ fuscescentibus, minutim purpurco- 

so^iflrT!: T '*"' / '■°^** '*"5'«'^ ^^^'« divergentibus, suffultis bracted 

adTefd Tr^'r^''^' "^"''^' °'^«''^' ^^'^' '^«* '«V, hasi laid, f undo fiorl 
ad^ressd extrorsHm patente, demilm reflexd, infimis paucis nunc vacuS ver 
apicem scapi vagzs. T ermnthmm camvanulatn-iaf. ^ 



/undo 



if^ 



JLir. ''""-^f ' '''""'''^ '^^^^'^^ ^*'^^^' *«^^ ^'^if^^ imbricantes, subtils 



duabus marginalib 



The meaning c 
unable to discover it. 




SSf I ^:»^rf"ce«i,6«.. Stamma sex, erecto-conniventia, perianthio 
fj^J^L ?f?' ^ZT' 'J'^'d'^ opposita, fauce inclusa, stigLategue for' 
omnmhoccultata. Fi amenta vam crassa, camosa, conica, alba. Id basm 

obhngcB biloculares. Ovarium brevissimum, oblongum, vix cl basi stvli 

?E! ^ cyhndncus, longxusculus, apice dUatatus trilobatusque. 

Stigma maxim««., carnosum, ' album, faucem perianthii totam fer^e operiels 

placenUforme, ruguloso-scabridum, suprd planum, trisulcum,ce7tro7e' 



Wallich 



undulatum, trilobum, subtHs concaviusculum 



mend 



This indubitable Tupistra, which has little to recom 

gularity, comes very near to th 



except 



M. "i-r hitherto only known, species, ^. squalida of 



It may be easily 



gnised, however, by 



^;i^^^ k"^'' • I'^ceedingly dense, blunt spike, of cup 
»S V , w"""'k "^."T °, ^°''^''' ''^^'"g their throats com- 

stigma. It was introduced into the Botanic Garden of 
Calcutta m 1822. where it blossoms in the cold weather " 



For _ the foregoing memorandum and 



very elaborate 



description we have again to express our acknowledgments 
to our excellent friend Dr. Wallich, to whom the worid 
entirely indebted for this highly interesting addition 
a curious and little-known genus ~ 



It 



to 
of hills 



the frontiers of Sylhet, where it is called Kala-Tatee 

Our drawing was made in a stove, in the Garden of 

m November last. The plant 



the Horticultural Society 



had bee 
D 



brought home for the Honourable Court of 
ot the East India Company by Dr. Wallich 
and was subsequently presented by them to the Horticul-' 



Society 



J.L 




--'■ 



L-^ 



'* ^PVr 



:- ^- 



/^ ^ ^ . 




/ 



41.:^:'' 



, "y,i^J-A 



^u^j^/oo • 



^<Ji^^/ ^yf^ct. 



■^ 



i 



i 



1224 



CORREA* pulchella. 



Pretty Cori^ea. 



OCTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Nat. ord. Rutace^. § Diosrnece Australasic<B Ad. Juss. 
CORREA. — Supra, vol. I. foL 3. 



C . pulchella ; foliis ovatis obtusis undulatis utrin(]^ue pubescentibus, corollis 

cylindricis ventricosis, calycibus abbreviatis truncatis. 
C. pulchella. Hort. 

Suffrutex, ramis teretibus, ferrugineis. Folia ovata, ohtusa, coriacea, 
undulatuy utrinque pubescentia, mox denudata. Flores solitarii, rosei, 
pendulL Calyx abbreviatus, truncatus. Corolla ventricosa, 4-dentata, 
tomentosa, calyce multoties longior. Stamina alterna, panlb longiora. 
Ovarium glabrum. \ 



A handsome shrub; our drawing of which was made in 
the Greenhouse of the Comte de Vandes in October last. 
It is said to have been introduced by Mr. Mackay, of the 
Clapton Nursery, about the year 1824; is a healthy-looking, 
hardy, greenhouse shrub ; and strikes from cuttings without 
much difficulty. 

A native of the southern coast of New Holland. 

Correa alba is not so different from this as it appears 
to be at first sight; the principal distinction consisting 
in the colour of the flower, and the smallness and undu- 
lation of the leaves. 

An undershruh, with taper, ferruginous branches. 



* M. Correa de Serra, after whom this was named, was a distinguished 



better 



Carpological dissertations in the Annales dn Mtes 



Aurantiace^ 



VOL. XV, C 



Leaves ovate, obtuse, coriaceous, wavy, dovi^ny on each 
side, when old becoming nearly smooth. Flowers soli- 
tary, light red, pendul 



Calya^ short 



Corolla 



mflated, 4 -toothed, downy, very much longer than the 



aly 
smooth 



Alternate 



rather the longest. Ovarium 



J. L. 



1 * 



+ - 



^ 

T" 



^ 



-.k 







'4 



i'l^^ h J/ f"- ' .. : . 






1225 



TRACHYMENE* c^rulea. 



Blue-flowered Trachymene. 




\ + 



PENTANDRIA DIGVNIA. 



Nat 



BKLLiFER^. § Hydrocotylin€(B, 



CHYMENE . ^ 



Polachenium opposite valdfe compressum, 
utrinque sed basi preecipue emarginatum, didymum, calyculo stylisque coro- 
natum. Achenia subrotunda, compressissima, quinquecostata, costis capil- 
laribus curvilineis ; marginalibus brevioribus rectilineis. Commissura clausa, 
gustissiraa. Corolla subsequalis. Petala integra, absque acumine, ex- 



trorsilm latiora, sessilia (osstivatione vald^ imbricata). 
latcB^ axillareSf t^pninalesve^ simplices^ multM 



Umbellae peduncu^ 



foliola 



, connata, et pedicellis adpressa. Stamina corolld longiora. Styli subulati. 



divergentes, longi. Stigmata 



Discus bilobus, mem- 



branaceus, concavus, subcrenatus. Achenia tubercnlis minutis ad lentem 
muriculata, altermn scep^ abortivum. Folia petiolata, alterna, tripartita- 
multifida. — La Gasca MS. ad TV. incisam. 



\ 



T. ccerulea ; pilosa, foliis radicalibus tripartitis, laciniis trilobis incisis : 
superioribus sessilibus tripartitis, petalis obtusis, fructibus glabris- 

T, cserulea. Graham in Edinb. new phiLjoum. 1828, p. 380. 

Didiscus cseruleus. Dec. MS. Hooker in bot. mag.foL 2875. 

Obs. Fructus certe evittatus. Ovarium loculo altera scepiUs abortiente. 

Pericarpium chartaceum v. potiUs submembranaceum. Staminum supremuvi 

ascendenSy inferiora declinata, omnia citb caduca. 



7 

This beautiful New Holland annual has only been 



Gardens d 



It first presented itself 



August last, having 



the Garden of the Horticultural Society 



been raised yi that Collection from 
seeds received the previous spring from Mr. Charles Frazer, 
of Sydney in New South Wales. We have subsequently 



heard of 



in other Collection 



in 



this 



M. Decandolle informs us. that 



try 



Geneva Garden 



It 



half-hardy 



also growing i 
annual, floweri 



and 
th 



to 



* So called from r^axUf rough, and fiivn, a membrane; in allusion to 
the coat of the fruit. 




J , 

great beauty in the open border in October and November; 
but in such situations it does not ripen seed : for that 
purpose, the plants must be kept in the greenhouse, and 
treated is Balsams and similar annuals : so managed, they 
will flower from July to November. 

Is this distinct from Trachymene ? Here is a questi 
by no means easy to answer. If we were to judge on 
from the figure and description of Trachymene in the 
Transactions of the Linnean Society, we should reply in the 
affirmative ; for it is to be understood from what we find in 
that work, that the petals are acuminate, the aestivation not 
imbricated, or but slightly so, and the fruit a double, tumid, 
muricated body, without ridges ; besides which, the descrip- 
tion does not advert to any one of the most singular charac- 
teristics of the present plant. But upon examining a wild 
specimen of Trachymene incisa, and consulting M . La Gasca, 
by whom the original specimen in Mr. Rudge's Herbarium 
has been analysed, we have come to the conclusion that 
the apparent distinctions between Trachymene and the 
present plant are either unimportant or non-existent; in' 
fact, upon comparing this species with M. La.Gasca's 
manuscript character of Trachymene, we do not find a 
single material point of difference. We are, therefore, re- 
luctantly compelled to abandon an opinion we at first, from 
want of sufficient materials for examination, were led to 
entertain, that this and Trachymene were distinct ; an 
opinion which we the more regret that we formed, because 
we fear that the knowledge of it has tended to induce our 
learned friend M. DecandoUe to come to a similar con- 
clusion in the unpublished 4th volume of his Prodromus. 

M. La Gasca allows us to take this opportunity of 
stating, that the Azorella ovata, lanceolata, and compressa 
of La Billardi^re, and A. linearis of Cavanilles, which are 
referred to Trachymene by Sprengel, do not properly form 

a part of that, but belong to his Fischeria, — a very distinct 
genus. 

We suspect that the fruit of this plant examined and 
described by Dr. Hooker in the Botanical Magazine, was 
in a very imperfect state, as we can find no trace of the 
vittae mentioned by our much-valued and very accurate 
friend : we are confirmed in this opinion, because we also 
find the seed represented as loose in the pericarpium, — a 
character which is certainly not to be seen in perfect 



J 

1 

1 

i 



■ -Jl 



fruit 



L 



-. . ^ 



/22d 




\ 



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/ 



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f *■ 



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J 



1 226 



STACHYS* Salvias. 



Sage-leaved Stachys 



DIDYNAMIA GYMNOSPERMIA 



Nat. ord. Labiate. 

STACHYS. — Supra, vol. 13. fol 1080. 



S. salvicB; foliis cordato-saglttatis obtusis crenatis rugosis tomentosis, verti- 
cillastris 3-floris subspicatis, corollae labio inferiore ovato, caule fruticoso. 
Caulis fruticosus, tetragonus, tomentosus. Folia oblonga, ohtusa, 

crenata, rugosa, tomentosa, infcriora sagittata, ■petiolata, superiora cordata, 

sessilia. Verticillastra triflora. Calyx tomentosus, pungens, 5-dentatus. 

Corolla pubescens, purpurea, tuho incurve, limbi labio superiore emarginato, 

inferioris laciniis ovatis, subcEqualibus . 



This plant, which, like many others from the same 
country, has never before found its station in the records 
of science, is a native of the neighbourhood of Valparaiso, 
where it was gathered in flower by Mr. James M'Rae, in 
February 1825. Seeds were brought by him to the Horti- 
cultural Society, in whose Garden our drawing was made 
in August 1828. 

It forms a handsome half-shrubby plant, about 3 feet 
high; but is more remarkable as a Botanical curiosity than 
as an object of Horticultural interest. 

Stem shrubby, 4-cornered, downy. Leaves oblong, 
obtuse, crenated, rugose, downy, the lower sagittate, 
stalked, the upper cordate, sessile. Whorls 3-flowered. 
Calyj: downy, pungent, 5-toothed. Corolla pubescent, 
purple, with a curved tube, with the upper lip of the limb 
emarginate, and the segments of the lower lip ovate,_n early 
equal. | 



J. L. 






* The Grerks had a plnnt they called rr^-w^, which was prohably our 
Stachys germanica : the meaning of the word is literally spike, and has refer- 
ence to the mode of inflorescence of some species. 




. ^t 




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1227 



JUSTICIA* pSta. 



East Indian Caricature Plant 







DIANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 



Nat. ord. ACANTIIACEiE. 

JUSTICIA. — Supr^i, vol. 4. fol. 309. 



contorto, labio ovato. 



itis variegat 
limbo refle: 



J. picta. Vahl. symbolts, 2. 14. Willd. sp. pi. 1. 88. Ait. Kew. ed. 2. 

1. 37.- Romer et Schultes, 1. 149. Roxb. fl. Ind. 1. 118. Hort. 

Bengal, p. 3. • 

Tsjude-Maram. Rheede hort.'malab. 6. III. t. 60. 
Folium bracteatum. Rumph. amboin. 4. 73. t. 30. 



This elegant shrub is not very frequent in English 
Collections, but is one of the commonest of those cultivated 
in India, in which country it is universally found in Gardens, 
from the Islands of the Archipelago to the capitals of the 
kingdoms of the continent. Its vernacular name is not 
mentioned by Dr. Roxburgh; and its native country is 
unknown. Dr. Wallich informs us, that during his very 
extensive journeys in India he has never seen it except in 
Gardens ; and that the natives call it Chinabacca and 
Chirhirri. 

The variegation of the leaves may, like the red coals 
of a glowing fire, be easily fancied, by an ingenious 
observer, to resemble the features of a distorted human 
countenance, on which account the Caricature plant has 
become its name. * 



.t 



• 



A.-% %J^^M.M.\^\A 111 11\/11\-/U1 Vl 1.VX1 • V UlABWl^ ^ vfc^^w'w'wy ^ 

dener, who lived in the middle of the last century. 



Gar= 



A robust 



plant 



ly propagated by cutting 



it flowers in December and January 

Our drawing was made in the Garden of the Horti- 
cultural Society, from a plant that had been presented by 

the Honourable Court of Directors ^ of the East India 
Company. 

J. L. 



\ 



fZZ.8. 




^" 'A.y^^t^t.A 



jm^..'- 



1228 



COREOPSIS* aurea. 



*^. 



' > . 



Golden Coreopsis. 



i 



SYNGENESIA FRUSTRANEA. 



Nat. ord, CoMPosiTiE. 



■^ 



COREOPSIS. 



Suprdj voL 1. foL 7. 



C. aurea ; foliis serratis : radicalibus tripartitis ; caulinis trifidis integrlsyc 
lanceolato-Hnearibus. Ait. Kew. ed. \. 3. 252. Willd. sp. pi. 3. 2252. 
Pursh. Am. sept. 2. 568. 

C. trichosperma /3 aurea. Nutt. gen. 2. 180. 



fastigium 



ramosa 



Folia linearia^ pubescentia, 3-5-partita, serrata 



opposita. Radii 8, ohlongi, subintegriy aureiy involucro 3-plb longiores. 
Fructus cuneatns , fere glaber, apice bicornis. 



This has long disappeared from our Gardens, after 
having been introduced in 1785, according to the Hortus 
Kewensis, by the late Lord Tankerville. Recently it has 
been again recovered by the Horticultural Society, to whom 
it was sent by Mr. Thomas, of New York, at the special 
request of Mr. Sabine. We trust it will now be preserved. 

f 

It is a hardy biennial, remarkable for the beauty of its 
heads of flowers, which are large, bright yellow, and sup- 
ported by long slender stalks. 

The species was originally described in the first volume 
of the Hortus Kewemis ; it has been subsequently adopted 
by Willdenow and other Botanists as a doubtful plant; 
Pursh does not appear conscious of having seen it ; but 
Mr. Nuttall has rightly judged its affinity to be with 



^. 



• From x«3g<5, a tick, and i^^^^ resemblance ; on account of the resemblance 
of the fruit, which, when sticking to the coats of animals,' is very like the 
insects that infest them. 



C. trichosperma, although he is, we think, wrong in making 
it a variety of that species. 

About 3 feet high, erect, branching but little, bearing 
towards its summit a few showy heads of flowers. Leaves 
linear, pubescent, 3-5-parted, serrated, opposite. Rai/s 8, 
oblong, nearly entire, bright yellow, three times as long 
as the involucrum. Fruit wedge-shaped, nearly smooth. 



\ 



i 



2-horned at the end. 



J. L. 



A 



V 



/ 



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/ 



IZKJ 




^^'JAa^'X 



■^■U/tZi/ '^S ^ J'-.&.;>2^;^/'' 



V: //&^0 



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1229 



COTONE ASTER* frigida. 



Mountain Cotoneaster. 



ICOSANDRIA DI.PENT4GYNIA. 

t J ' 

iVa^ ore?. Pomaces. Lindley Synops. p. 103. Rosacearum. Sectio 
Juss. Decand. 

COTONEASTER Medicus. LindL in Linn, trans. 13. p. 101.— 
Flores soepius polygami. Calyx turbinatus, obtus^ 5-dentatus. Petala 
brevia, erecta v. patentia. Stamina dentium longitudine. Styli glabri, 

staminibus breviores. Nuces parietales, calyce inclusse. Arbusculae 

{Europce et Indice). Folia simplicia, integerrima, infr^ pilis obsita. Cymce 
lateraleSj patentes. Bractese subulatcBy deciduce. Petala parvUy diu per- 
sistentia. 



i-*- 



C. frigida ; cymis tniiltifloris lanuginosis, foliis ovali-lanceolatis subtiis 

tomentosis deciduis, caule arboreo. 
C. frigida. Wallick MSS. 

Arbor mediocris, ramis patentibuSj subsimplicibuSy cinereo-purpureis, 
cortice trunci Jisso. Folia ovali-lanceolata, mucronulata^ decidua, supr^ 
glabra^ subtiis, ramulisque novelliSy tomentosa. Cymi terminales, multijlori^ 
lanuginosi. Calyces lanuginosiy S-dentati ; petala alba, subrotunda, pa- 
tentia. Styli et ovaria 2. Pom^ pisif or mia, rubra; nuces 2, monospermy. 



For the discovery of this very fine new specie 
the world is indebted to Dr. Wallich, by whose i 
was broup-ht from thp. mountains of that northern 



very 



called Gossain Than. With us it forms a small but ^ 
some deciduous tree, snow-white with blossom during April and 
May, and crimsoned with bunches of bright-red haws in the months 
of September and October. 

Our drawing was made in the Garden of the Horticultural 
Society, in which is a fine plant, raised from seeds received from 
the Honourable Court of Directors of the East India Company. It 
is perfectly hardy, and may be increased abundantly by graftmg upon 
the Whitethorn stock. 

When we published, some years since, a revision of the genera of 



-r 



Cotonea rmalus\ the old name of the Q 



a corru 



Quince 



Pomaceae, but four species of Cotoneaster were known to us. Since 
that time the genus has increased to twelve, chiefly by the discoveries 
of Dr. Wallich, of whose materials we have been most liberally 
allowed the use, and by whose permission the following account, as 
far as the Indian species of that distinguished Naturalist are con- 
cerned, is published. Want of space prevents our speaking in detail 
of the species; but the succeeding enumeration, with amended cha- 
racters of such as requii-e them, will, we doubt not, be acceptable to 
the scientific world. 

^ Folia decidua. 

1. C. vulgaris. Lindley. 

2. C. tomentosa. Lindley. 

3. C. melanocarpa. Fischer. 

Perhaps a mere variety of C. vulgaris. 

4. C. laxijlora. Jacquin in litteris. 

C. cymis multifloris compositis glabris, foliis ovalibus utrinque obtusis 

subtiis lanatis deciduis. 

5. C. affinu. Lindley. 

C. cymis multifloris ramulisque novellis lanuginosis, foliis ovatis 

obovatisve subtils tomentosis deciduis, caule fruticoso. 
Hab. in montibus Nipalice et Sermore. 

6. C. frigida. Wallich in hoc loco. 

7. C. obtusa. Wall. ined. 

C. cymis multifloris congestis ramulisque glabris, foliis ovatis ob- 
ovatisve subtils glabris deciduis. 
Hab. in Kamoon et Nipal montibus, Himalayam versiis. 

8. C. hacillaris. Wall. ined. 

C. cymis multifloris divaricatis ramulisque pilosis, foliis obovatis in 

petiolo acuminatis subtfls glabris deciduis. 
Hab. in Kamoon. 

9. C. acuminata. Lindley. 

C. pedunculis subtrifloris pubescentibus, foliis ovatis acuminatis 

pubescentibus deciduis. 
Hab. in NipalicB montibus. 

§ § Folia sempervirentia. 

/* 10. C. rotundifolja. Wall.. in Museo CoetAs Anglicse Indise orientalis. 

C. pedunculis subunifloris, foliis subrotundis subtiis pilosis semper- 

virentibus. 

Cmicrophylla; var. TJva Ursi. LindL in hot. reg.foL 1187. 
Hab. in Gossain Than. 

Native specimens have convinced us that this is a distinct species 
from C. microphylla. , ^ 

11. C. microphylla. Wall, in hot. reg. fol. 1114. 

C. pedunculis subunifloris, foliis oblongis cuneatis subtiis pubescenti- 
bus sempervirentibus. i ■ 
Hab. in Gossairi Than. 

12. C. buxifolia. Wall. ined. 
C. pedunculis trifloris lanuginosis, foliis ovatis subtils lanuginosis 



^: 



sempervirentibus. 

ugo 



M 



his Prodromus, under C. aflSnis, as coming from the Neelghiry 
with leaves only a line long. J. L. 



.^ 



fZ50 




t 



'-<7t^j..yA a^ 



•>^u^A/ y ^Ai^-^-^^ 







'Ui:>ry. 





I 



I 



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1230 



I 



LUPINUS* arbustus. 



Half-shrubby Lupine. 






DIADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 



Nat. ord. Leguminos^. 



LUPINUS. 



SuprdfVoL 13. foL 1096. 



^^ arbustus; perennis, floribus alternis pediceiiatis bracteolatis, calycis labio 
superiore bifido : inferiore integro acuto, foliolis 7-13 obovato-oblongis 
utrinque sericeis, leguminibus 3-5-spermis. Douglas journ. ined. 
Caulis teres J albuSy glaber^ subdecumbenSy pedalis v. sesquipedalis. Foliola 

7-13, oblonga, utrinque parc^ sericea; stipuVis parvis, suoulatis. Flores 



alternij v. obscure verticillatu Pedicelli breves. 



Calyx villosus ; labio 

Bracteolae 



superiore leviter bijido^ obtusOy inferiore integerrimo, acuto 

minimcBy deciduce, Vexillum obcordatumy cceruleum, medio purpureum, 

majusculum. Alae et carina rosece ; hac ciliatd. Legumen apice latiusy 



S-5'Spermum ; semina par va^ alba. 



Douglas. 



In 



every 



of our recent Numbers we have 



Mr. Dougl 



record a new perennial Lup 



from the stores of 



We have now to add another to the 



cely inferior in beauty to any that have preceded it. 

* It is very local in its range," as we are informed by 
enterprising friend, " growing only in gravelly 



North California 



ably under the shade of solitary 



pmes or oaks among coppice-wood. It is common 
Fort Vancouver, flowering in May and June 



Its 



affinity is with Lupinus laxiflorus of the present work." 

Our drawing was made in the Garden of the Horticul 
tural Society in August last. 



* See fol. 1198 



The following is Mr. Douglas's description of the 
species : 

** Stem round, white, nearly smooth, somewhat decum- 
bent, a foot to a foot and a half high. Leaflets 7-13, 
oblong, thinly but finely silky on both sides. Stipules 
small, subulate. Flowers alternate, or obscurely whorled. 
Pedicels short. Calyx villous, upper lip slightly divided, 
obtuse, under lip entire, acute. Bracteolce minute slender 
processes, deciduous. Vexillum obcordate, bine, purple in 
the centre, large in proportion to the alae. Alee and carina 
rose colour ; carina ciliate. Pod somewhat broader at 
the apex, 3-5-seeded. Seeds small, white." 

J. L. 



/2J;. 




y / /v Q ::yic^/(JuMi^ 



r/. mg 



• 



I 






I 



1231 



CANNA* discolor 



Crimson-leaved Carina 



MONANDRIA MONOGYNIA 



Nat. ord. CANNEiE. 

CANNA. — Suprd, vol 7. foL 576 



C. discolor; foliis discoloribus, coroUse Umbo interioi 
inferiore emarginato, floribus didymis pedunculatis 
convoliitis farinosis pedunculi longitudine. 



petal 



Caulis 10-pedalis. Yoliai'ovato-oblonga, intense sanguinea, prcBsertim 



versttsfi 



'opiosd 



iflorescentuB 



A living plant of this species was sent from the Botanic 



Go 



Garden, Trinidad, by Sir Ralph Woodford, the 
vernor, to A. B. Lambert, Esq., in whose Hothouse at 
Boyton, the specimen was produced from which the ac- 
companying drawing was made in November last. 

Mr. Lambert informs us that he succeeded in flowering 
the species, after some difficulty, by continually cutting off 
its suckers, and keeping it growing in rich mould, in a 

very warm g 
1 feet high 



The stem of the plant that flowered 



\ 



J. L 



F 

♦ Can or carta, the Celtic name of the reed, is said to have given rise to 
this, and many other words in ancient and modern languages ; such as cane, 
canoe ^ &c. 



< 



/^JZ 




ra-iZ'mf ..4kif' /./k g 



'^mJ/c 



1232 



CAPRIFOLIUM* longifldrum 



Long-flowered Honeysuckle. 




I 



£ 



PENTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 



Nat. ord. Caprifoliace^. 
CAPEIFOLIUM Tournef. 



I 



Calyx 5-deutatus, persistens. Corolla 
tubulosa, 2-labiata, basi ssepiiis saccata. Stamina 5. Ovarium 3-loculftre, 
loculis omnibus polyspermis. Bacca unilocularis, monosperma. Frutices 



mlubiles, foliis simplicihus, floribus capitatis odoratis 
of the British Flora, 1. p. 131. 



Lindley's Synopsis 



Imgiflomm; foliis oblongo-lanceolatis glabris supr^ lucidis,* floribus 
didymis, pedunculo petioli longitudine, ovariis glabris, corolte tubo 
filiformi. 



florum 



MSS. 



Frutex voluhilis, undique depilatus. Rami teretes. Folia oblongo- 
lanceolata, petiolata, pallid^ viridia, suhtils pallidiora, supri glabra. !< lores 
didymi, pedunculo communi petioli longitudine. Bracte® calyctsque lacima 
cvatce. illarum lateralibus minoribus, rotundatis. Corolla ochroleuca, glabra, 



filifi 



pisijx 



This plant has quite the habit of Caprifolium japoni 
cum ; but it is wholly destitute of the hairs of that species 
and its fruit is white, not black. In many respects ' - 



the same as Dr. Wallich's Lonicera 



labrata 



but th 



short flowers and black fruit of that species distinguish it. 

We see nothing among the Nipal or Indian specimens 
of C. japonicum, which our friend Dr. Wfl^^^^^^^lf 7/,f 
us to examine, that approaches this 



they appear very 



their form, and all referable to the same species 
Mr. Don has distinguished among 
cannot find any Nipal specimens agreemg with tne cna 



them two; but we 



to the 



a leaf; a metaphorical name, alluding 



^rom capra, a goat, ^nd folium, a leat ; a meiapnor.cd 
power of these plants of scrambling up hedges and 



rocks 



VOL. XV. 



D 



^ 






racter he 



g 



to his Caprifolium japonicum 



and we 



feel doubts whether his C. macranthum is essentially dif- 
ferent from the true C. japonicum of Thunberg ; it certainly 
is not from that of the Flora Indica. The Nipalese speci- 

our Gardens, and 

hirsute rather than tomentose ; the leaves are also 



mens are more vigorous than those of 



more 



pt 



but these characters are 



cely sufficient 



distinguish a species 



It is a native of China, whence plants were sent to the 



Horticultural Society by Mr. Reeves, m 1826. 
climbing shrub, flowering from July to September 



A hardy 



J. L 



^ 



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1233 



f^ 



* 
^ 



SCOTTIA* dentata. 



Tooth-leaved Scottia 



DIADELPHIA DECANDRTA. 



If ^ 



V* 



Nat. ord. LeguminosjE. § Lote<£. 



SCOTTIA R. Br. 



par{lm inaequalibus. 
bus. 



Calyx bracteis imbricatus, 5-dentatus, dentibus 



Vexillum complicatum brevius ah's carinam sequanti- 
Stamina omnia connexa. Legumen pedicellatum compressum, margine 

— R. Br. in H. Kew. ed, 2. 



utroque incrassato. 
4. 268. 



Semina 3-4 strophiolata. 



Scottia dentata. R. Brown L c. Decand. prodr. 2. 118. 

Frutex ramosus^ diffusus, ramuiis JiliformibuSy verrucosis. Folia oppo- 
stta, suhsessiliay cordato-triangularia, incequaliter dentatay reticulata^ glabra. 
Flores solitarii, axillares^ subsessiles. Bracteee sub calyce quinque, quarum 
2 exteriores parvce^ truncatce^ incequales, persistentes, leviter pribescentes, 
basin calycis calyculi instar ambienteSy 3 interiores cymbijbrmesy cequaleSy 
calycis longifudinCy glabriuscul<B, citb deddtue. Calyx campanulatus y sub- 
^qualiSy quinque-dentatus, ad os subpubescens. Vexillum abbreviatum, cum 
carind subparallelum. Alae et carina oblong^y obtuscSyConniventes, Stamina 
ult^ connata, subpubescentia. Ovarium longipedunculatuniy trispermumy 
attenuatum in stylo setaceoi Stigma simplex. 



A native of the South-west coast of New Holland, 
whence, according to the Hortus Kewensis, it was introduced 



by Mr. Peter Good 



1803. It has, however, alway 



in 



been so scarce a plant, that, notwithstanding its great 
beauty, it is hardly ever seen in Collections. Our drawing 
was made at Mr. Mackay's Nursery at Clapton, 
December last- 

A hardy greenhouse plant, exceedingly deserving of 
cultivation. 

A branching, diffuse shrub, with filiform, warted 
branches. Leaves opposite, subseissile, cordate-triangular. 



* Named after a Dr. Robert Scott, a Professor of Botany at Dublin. 






unequally toothed, smooth. Flowers solitary, axillary, 
subsessile. Bractea close under the calyx, 5, of which 
the two outermost are small, truncate, unequal, persistent, 
slightly pubescent, surrounding the base of the calyx like 
a little cup; the three interior boat-shaped, equal, the 



length of the calyx, smoothish, quickly deciduous. 



Call/a,' 



campanulate, nearly equal, 5-toothed, slightly pubescent 
about the orifice. ^Standard short, nearly parallel with the 
wings. Wings and keel oblong, obtuse, connivent. Stamens 
united in a long tube, somewhat pubescent. Ovarium on 
a long stalk, 3-seeded, tapering into a bristle-shaped style. 
Stigma simple. 

J. L. 



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1234 



CLEMATIS* chlorantha. 



/ 



G7'een-flowered Clematis. 



POLYANDRIA POLYGYNIA 



Nat. ord. Ranunculace^. 

CLEM A TIS. — Suprd, vol. 2. fol 97 



•--i 



§ IV. Dec. PeduncuUs solitariis, unifloris, foliis pinnatis, rariUs 

C. cAZora«f Aa ; pedunculis unifloris, sepalis oblongis campanulatis tomentos.s, 
foliis pinnatis ; foliolis ovatis acuminatis serratis membranaceis sub- 

pilosis, caule scandente piloso. _ ,. ^i,-js 

Caulis tenuis, altt scandens, striatus, junior pilosus. Jol;^ pa /id^ 

. . ,. , ' T .1 ^ „• /« ««#,*/./;« fnrfnnais, foltollS OVatti 



apiculatis. 



m^equaliter serratis, serratu 



aptCUlatlS. Jf lores SOttiaril, peuum^utio ^,^^.^^y^, ^^ U^t^n ^^irirlps 

mentosis, versus basin hi-hracteolatis, campanulatt, palhdc luteo^vtndes. 
Sepala oblonga^ tomentosa. Stamina ;?e7o5a. 



A native of Sierra Leone, whence seeds were sent to 
the Horticultural Society by Mr. George Don m 1823^ 
It is a tender, rather delicate, stove climber, not Aower ng 
very readily. Our drawing was made m the Chiswicic 
Garden, in August 1827. 

Stem slender, climbing to a great le-'g*''' ^''''^f ' ^t"t 
young hairy. Leaves pale green, membranous ^omewha 

Liry, pinnated, with tortuous petioles; '<^#'* "f'erra- 
ovate-oblong, acuminate, unequally serrated ; *e serra 

tures diver^^g and apiculate. -^^'T", '° J ^4nrter'^?han 

late, pale yellowish green ; peduncles f "''.f ' twlrds Ae 
the leaves, tomentose, with two little bracteae towards the 

base. Sepals oblong, downy. Stamens hairy. 





* KXnfM 

formed xAmu 



formed .>.^fcccrU, as the name of the Periwinkle; wh.cl 
applied to the genus now bearing the name of Clematis. 
>;A«5«{, pale green, and 'i*^»i, a flower. 



modems have mis- 
Cblorantha is from 



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^Ikff. fc92J 




1235 



* ,- . ~ 



SPE RM ADICT YON * azureum. 



* ■ 

Azure -flowered Netseed. 




PENTANDRIA MONOGYNIA 



Nat.ord. RubiacejE. /. , o^q 

SPERMADICTYON. — SwprH, vol. ^.fol. J4« 



S. azureum; hirsutum, foliis oblongo-lanceolatis acuminatis, floribus pani 



culatis. 



Spermadictyon azureum. Wallich inFl. Ind. 2. 225. (1824.) 
Hamiltonia scabra. Don prodr. Fl. Nep. 137. (IS-*^'' 
Spermadictyon scabrum. Spretig. syst. 4. pors .i. p. 16. 



Speaking of Spermadictyon suaveolens. Dr. Wallich 



adverts thus to this species 



■■ I have found a marked variety of this ^hrub if not a 

distinct species, in Nipal, where ^^ f.'^'^'^I^ZZtZZZ 

and Bheempedi, chiefly between Bhmadoban and the last 

mentioned village, forming the -of , ^fJ^^^^^^S 

which are rendered still more beautiful by the snow white 
flowers of Parana pankulata. I have also met with it 
about the village near C heeshagurree «^f "" "X^ 
mountains in the%aUey itself : my peop e have Wght 1 1 
to me from Noakote. It perfumes the air by '^^^"'^/^^^ 
fragrance from November until March during which ^^^^ 
it is indescribably beautiful. U ditters ""'' , , 

chiefly in the cololr of its flowers wliich a e azu^e blue, 

and in the hairiness of most of its paris. iv 8 . ^._,.^„. 

shrub of 10 to 12 feet Wgh je J^^tll Ijo^^^^^^^ 
As the stem gets old, its epidermis Deem u.-.^iness 

,»1,-roloured. Branches covered with palf . soft ha riness 



r 



ash-coloured, urancncs cuv^a^^ • - . - ^^ 

widening at the divisions and msertio^^^^^^^^^ 



young reddish, very slender 




ciriPf^ 



be covered. 



beautiful 



,*! 



s 



I 



long, with a lengthened acumen, base acute, the upper 
surface pubescent, the under one with numerous opposite, 
oblique, parallel nerves, which, together with the strong 
rib and reticulate veins, are villous. Petioles very short. 
Stipules broad and short, adpressed, soon withering, ending 
in a subulate acumen, at the base of which there are on 
each side one or two crenatures. Inflorescence most ample, 
densely villous, especially the corols, which are of a de- 
"ghtful sky-blue colour. Ovarium somewhat 5-cornered. 
ti every other respect the two plants agree. How far 
mine should be considered as a variety only, or a distinct 
species (which I would propose calling S. azureum), I must 
leave undecided, until the young plants, which were brought 
down with me, shall come to a proper age. It is worth 
observing, that all its tender parts and the flowers, on being 
bruised, as also in decaying, emit a peculiarly fetid smell, 
precisely as is the case with similar parts oi Serissa and 
raderia fcetida, and some others. When out of flower 
the shrub looks for some time peculiarly withered and poor, 
m consequence of the unusual time during which the dried 
brown panicles remain on the branches." 

Such is the account given of this in the second volume of 



the Flora Indica, published in 1824. Upon what ground 
Mr Don altered Dr. Wallich's name azureum to that of 
scabrum, we do not understand ; nor why . he altogether 
omitted the Flora Indica synonym of Sp. azureum. With 
regard to the name Hamiltonia, applied to this genus by 
Dr. Koxburgh, we are clearly of opinion that Spermadictyon 
is preferable ; not that we admit any right on the part of 
Willdenow to change Michaux's name of Pyrularia for that 



of Hamiltonia, but 



to remedy the 



act; Hamiltonia is at this day universally applied to the 
American genus, and cannot without inconvenience be 
removed : besides, we think that some attention is due to 
the opinion of Mr. Brown, with whom the name of Sperma- 
aictyon, which, by the way, is unexceptionable, originated. 

There can be little doubt that Dr. Wallich's Lepto- 
dermis, combined by Mr. Don with this genus, is distinct : 
the curious rnanner in which its bracteae are formed, and 
the whole habit of the plant, forbid such a combination. 

Our drawing was made in January last, in the Garden 
of the Horticultural Society, from a plant presented by the 
Honourable Court of Directors of the East India Company, 



' ) 



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1236 






REEVESIA* thyrsoidea. 



. . ■ 

Thyrse-flowered Reevesia. 



MONADELPHIA POLVANDRIA. 

iVaf. orcf. ByxTNERiACEiE; inter Sterculiam {Erythropsin) et Ptero- 
spermum. 

REEVESIA, — Calyx campanulatus, 5-dentatus, aestivatione imbricata, 
pube stellati tomentosus, bracteolatus. Petala 5, hypogyna, unguiculata, 
sestivatione convoluta, callo inter unguem et laminam. Stamina in toro 
longo filiformi insidentia. Antherm 15, sessiles, in cyatho capituliformi, 
^pice tantilm pervio, obsoletfe 5-dentato, connatae, extrorsae, biloculares, 
loculis divaricatis, intricatis, longitudinaliter dehiscentibus. Pollen sphaeri- 
cum, glabrum. Ovarium sessile, intri cyathum antheriferum, ovatum, 
glabrum, 5-anguIare, 5-loculare, loculis dispermis. Chmla margini locu- 
Jorum unum super alteram affixa, superiore basi concave in inferiorem 
incumbente. Stigma 5-lobam, simplicissimum, sessile. Capsula stipitata, 
iignosa, obovata, 5-angiilaris, 5-Iocularis, loculicido 5-valvis, axi nullo. 

^emina cuique loculo duo basi alata. Arbor (Chinee) foliis alterms 

^xstipidatiSy racemis terminalibus compositiSy floribus albis. — Lindley in 
Brande's journ. n. s. 2. 112. 



r 

' Reevesia thyrsoidea. Lindley, I. c. 



' * 



(( 



In a collection of dried specimens of plan 



the Horticultural Society from China, by Mr. Reeves, are 
a few branches, with flowers, of a remarkable genus which 
is at present undescribed, but which is of so curious a 
nature, and of such importance with reference to the deter- 
mination of some natural affinities, that I have thought it 
deserving immediate record, especially as drawings of the 
fruit, which have been subsequently obtained from the 



1 

Named in honour of John E 
whom we are indebted for our 
unwearied exertions in the cause 



Esq 



knowledge of this plant; from whose 
unwearied exertions in the cause of science, the Botany of China has 
received material assistance; and to whom our Gardens are indebted for 
many of the fairest ornaments they contain. 



same indefatigable correspondent of the Society, render its 
history tolerably complete. 

" The branches appear to be fragments of an evergreen 
tree; they are slender, rounded, and smooth. The nascent 
gemmce are covered with a dense rufous pubescence. The 
leaves are alternate, becoming towards the extremities of 
the branches opposite by approximation ; their form is 
ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, and in size they vary from 
three inches to nearly six in length; the surface, even of 
the youngest, is perfectly smooth on each side ; their veins 
are inconspicuous, the lowest pair of venae primarise being 
divergient at an angle of about 40°, while the others spread 
outwards at an anorle of 55° or 60" ; the venae arcuatae and 

externae are obscurely seen, but form together a number 
of rhomboidal spaces, equal in diameter to nearly one-third 
of each side of the leaf; the proportion borne by the petiole 
to the lamina is variable, sometimes equalling one-fourth 
of the length of the latter, and not unfrequently being less 
than one-sixth of its length ; this proportion not depending 
upon the station of the leaves : the petiole is smooth, half 
round, and thickened at the extremity, where it unites 
■with the lamina. Stipulce are none. The flowers are 
greenish white, in terminal thyrsoid compound racemes; 
the upper part of the rachis, and of its branches, is slightly 
protected by stellate pubescence; the pedicels are closely 
covered with pubescence of the same nature, and have 
one subulate downy deciduous bracteola at the base, and 
another towards the apex. The cali/j' is inferior, campanu- 
late, tapering a little towards the base, densely clothed 
with stellate pubescence, bursting irregularly at the apex 
into four or five ovate teeth, which are somewhat imbri- 
cated during aestivation, but which are separated by the 
growth of the petals long before the expansion of the 
flower; the v^eins of the calyx are remarkably reticulated, 
and when cut, a considerable quantity of mucilaginous 
viscid fluid is exuded. The petals are whitish green, hypo- 
gynous, with a convolute aestivation ; their ungues are 
spatulate, and as long as the calyx; their lamince oblong, 
spreading, flat, and then overlapping each other at the base ; 
at the point of separation of the unguis and lamina is a 
small callus, and on each side a notch upon the margin. 
The stamens are seated upon a long, filiform, subclavate, 
smooth torus ; the filaments are consolidated into a capitate 



I 

i 



I 



f 



m 



T 



5-toothed cvip, nearly closed at the orifice, ' and on the 
outside of this cup are placed the antherce, three :to each 
tooth ; the latter are two-celled, with divaricating cells, 
which open longitudinally, and are so entangled with each 
other, that the whole surface of the cup appears, when 
the antherae have burst, to consist of a single, many-celled 
anthera. The pollen is spherical and smooth. The ovarium 
is seated within the cup of stamens, and is so entirely con- 
cealed that it cannot be discovered till some part of the cup 
is removed by violence ; it is ovate, smooth, and formed of 
five inseparable cells) each of which has two ovula placed 
one above the' other, and attached to their placenta by 
their inner margin ; the stigma is sessile, with five radiating 
lobes. From the Chinese drawing, the half-ripe fruit 
appears to be fleshy, with five deep angles, and five cells, 
without any remains of calyx, and with a slight appearance 
of separation between the lobes'. The ripe fruit is an 
obovate, 5-angled, 5-celled, 5-valved, retuse, woody cap- 
sule, with a loculicidal dehiscence, and no separable axis. 
The seeds are attached one to each side of the valves, and 
are expanded at their lower end into a wmg. 

" From this description it is obvious, that, with the 
single exception of the contents of the seed, we are in pos- 
session of all that it is essential to know of the structure of 
this plant. The next subject of consideration is its affinity. 

■' " The stellate pubescence, the thickening of the petiole 
at the point where it expands into the lamina, the station 
of the stamens upon a long filiform torus, the external 
position of the anthers, and the union of the filaments by 
threes into a cup surrounding the ovarium, are all cha- 
racters that forcibly call to recollection the genus Sterculia. 
The calyx, indeed, in that genus is generally divided much 
more deeply than in the plant now under consideration, 
and the antherae are usually seated at the base ot the 
ovarium ; but, on the other hand, in Sterculia colorata ot 
Roxburgh, which, if a distinct genus {Erythropsis) as 1 am 
inclined to believe, is nevertheless next of kin to Sterculia, 
the calyx is of the same figure, and divided m the same 
degree, and the antherae are also combined m a capitate 
cup enclosing the ovarium. If, however, we pursue this 
comparison further, we find that, with the characters now 
adverted to, the similarity ceases; in Sterculia there are 
no petals, the calyx has a valvular, not imbricate, aestiva- 



I 



I 

tion, the cells of the fruit separate into distinct folliculi, 
and do not combine into a solid woody capsule ; and the 
seeds are destitute of wings. 



green shrub 



J. L 



! 



! 



"The fruit suggests so obviously some affinity with 
Pterospermum, that it is next necessary to institute a 
comparison with that genus. Stellate pubescence, a calyx 
divided into five portions, five hypogynous unguiculate 
petals, and fifteen fertile stamens united into a cup, seated 
on a stipitiform torus, and surrounding the ovarium, a I 

5-celled ovarium, a woody 5-celled capsule, with a loculi- 
cidal dehiscence, no axis, and winged seeds ; all these cha- 
racters are common to Pterospermum and our plant : but, 
on the other hand, the points in which they differ are of 
much imjportance. The aestivation of Pterospermum is 
valvate recurved, not imbricate ; its calyx is 5-parted, not 
4-5-toothed; its anthers have parallel, not divaricating 
cells, and are seated upon long distinct filaments, not 
sessile, upon the outside of a capituliform cup ; and, finally, 
the petioles of the leaves are not connected with the lamina 
by a thickened space. The seeds are also winged at the 
apex, not at the base; but upon this point it is not my 
wish to insist. ' 

P 

** If the comparison thus instituted with Pterospermum 
and Sterculia be attentively considered, we cannot fail to 
remark, that the subject of these observations is nearly 
equally related to both ; to Pterospermum in its petals 
and fruit, to Sterculia in its calyx and stamens. It must, ^ 

therefore, be stationed between those two genera; thus 
confirming the propriety of M. Kunth's combination of , 

the Sterculiaceae of Ventenat with the Byttneriacese of 
Mr. Brown ; and, in fact, breaking down every barrier 
between them." — Lindley, I. c. 

Such was the account of this plant which we commu- 
nicated to Mr. Brande's Journal in September 1827. At 
that time we only knew it from dried specimens. The 
accompanying figure was made from a plant that blossomed 
in the Garden of the Horticultural Society in January 
1829: it had been brought from China by Mr. John 
Damper Parks, and is in all respects the same as the 
Chinese specimens. It is a handsome greenhouse, ever- 



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3^1//"-'/^^ ^^^a/<7^^-^tU/ /O'j^ S'^ii^uz^t/^ .yf/a^. 




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1237 



i N 



RIBES* setdsum; 



Bristly 'Stemmed Gooseberry. 



PENTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 



Nat. ord. Grossulace^. 
RIBES. — Suprd, vol 2. fol. 125. 



R. setosum ; ramis dens^ setosis, aculeis insequalibus subulatis, foliis sub- 
rotundis basi cordatis pubescentibus 3-5-lobis alt6 crenatis, pedunculis 
bi-floris subbracteatis, calycibus tubulato-campanulatis ; laciniis lineari- 
bus obtusis patentibus petalis integerrimis dupl6 longioribus, baccis his- 
pldis. — Lindley in hort. trans. 7. p. 243. 



" Plants of this undescribed Ribes were presented to 
the Society by Messrs. Loddiges, with the name of the 
Missouri Gooseberry. It is a low bush, haying its branches 
densely covered with setae; among which, particularly 
about the bases of the young branches, are intermixed 
many unequal, straight, subulate aculei. The leaves are 
roundish, deeply cordate, covered, as well as their stalks, 
with a minute glandular pubescence ; the margin is 3- or 
5-lobed, or angled, with numerous, nearly roundish, inci- 
sions. The Jiowers are white, tubular, and about half as 
long as those of R. aureum, appearing in pairs, and hanging 
in profusion from beneath the branches. Berries black, 
spherical, and hispid, with a subacid pleasant flavour, a 
little partaking of musk. 

" This is a very desirable species ; and although not 



The Arabian physicians of the eleventh and twelfth centuries had a 
famous medicinal plant which they called Ribas. This, bemg described as 
bearing subacid berries, was for a long time supposed to be our Currant or 
Gooseberry ; but it is now pretty well made out, that the Arabian Ribas was 
the kind of rhubarb bv moderns called Rheum Ribes. 



i 



so showy as the long-flowered American Currants with 
coloured calyces, is by far the most ornamental of all the 
Gooseberries yet in our Gardens. The fruit possesses no 



merit 



pens in July 



Hort. Trans. I 



■ 

It appears from specimens brought home by Mr. Douglas 
to be a native of the bants of the Sascatchewan River, in 
North America. Our drawing was made in the Garden of 
the Horticultural Society, in May 1826. It is readily 
increased by cuttings. 






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1238 



T 
4 



RUELLIA* Sabiniana. 



» ^ 



Mr. Sabine's Ruellia. 




^; 




■^■\ 



DIDYNAMIA ANGIOSPERMIA. 



Nat. ord. A 

RUELLIA. 



fol 



R. Sabiniana ; foliis ovato-lanceolatis denticulatis glabris subtiis discoloribus, 
bracteis cuneatis glandulosis retusis corollis ventricosis 4-pI6 brevioribus. 
R. Sabiniana. Wallich MSS. 

Caulis suffruticosuSj 2-3 pedaiis, ramosuSy genzculatus, quadratus^ ad 
nodos tumiduSy subpurpureus. Folia subsessilia, ovato-lanceolata, acuminata^ 
denticulata, glabra, subtils discolora. Spicse terminales et axillareSt multi- 
Jlor<By semipedales. Bracteda foliacecej persistenteSy cuneata, retusce, glandu- 
hs(E, purpurascentes. Flores solitariu Calyx 5-Jidus, bast d tergo bi-brac^ 
teolatuSy laciniis sub<Bqualibus ^ foliaceis^ purpurascentibtiSy glandulosis^ tubo 
brevi pallidoy subeglanduloso. CoroWdd magnce , lilacince , ventricosce , venosce, 
bracteis quadruplb longiores. 



ti^ 



This extremely beautiful flower, which will probably 
become one of the choicest ornaments of our Hothouses, 
has been named by Dr. Wallich in compliment *o Joseph 
Sabine, Esq., F.R.S., &c. &c., the indefatigable Secretary 
of the Horticultural Society. It is a native of the Pundica 
Mountains, bordering on the district of Sylhet, whence it 
was introduced to the Botanical Garden, Calcutta, in 1824; 
but up to 1828 it had not flowered there. 

The leaves when young are of a deep purple on their 



* Jean Ruelle, after whom this genus has been named, was a French 
Botanist, born at Soissons in 1474, and died in 1537. He was at one time 
physician to Francis I., but afterwards abandoned medicine, and became a 
priest. In 1529, he published a good translation of Dioscorides; and in 
1536, a work, De Naturd Stirpium^ which is chiefly remarkable as the first 
attempt to reduce into order the nomenclature of Botany ; it was, in fact, the 
first introduction to Botany: that by Fuchsius, his contemporary, to his 

ffistoria Stirnium. in \f^d9 was thf^ sf^rond. 



lower side ; the flowers are of a delicate, very transparent 

violet blue; and the bractese, which remain long after the 

flowers have fallen, being of a warm lavender colour, and 

closely covered with transparent glands, give an air of 

beauty to the plant when the flowers themselves have 
fallen. 

It is a tender, greenhouse plant, propagated by cuttings : 
a cold greenhouse would not suit it, and a stove appears to 
be too hot for it. 

J. L. 






i 






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c^^ 4^ .X^:^;^r^.-c^v^^ .^!';<^^.^/^ yPU^./.f^ '>[o. 



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\ 



1239 



*» 



■* >. , ■! 



DENDROBIUM* anceps 



f £ 

Tw(h€dged Dendrohium. 



f ^ 



GYNANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 



Nat. ord. Orchide^;. § Malaxideoe. Lindley. 
DENDROBIUM. — Suprd, vol. 7. fol. 548. 



D. 



tpelliformibus 



Swartz 



pedunculis binis h. basi vaginarum brevissimis. 

p. 246. Willd. sp. pi 4. 136. Sj^eng. syst 3. 738. 

Caules numerosi, compressi, carnosi, penduli. Folia disticha, carnosa, 
compressa, ovato-ohlonga, acuta, pallid^ viridia. Flores solitarti, herbacet. 
Sepala ovata, erecta, acuta, interiora minora, inferiora cum bast productd 
columncB lonq^e connata. Labellum unguiculatum, ecallosum, tnappendtcu- 



cTwar 



raf«/». Stigma bicallosum intrd cavitatem.^ Polhnia 4, dw/yma 
collateralia. Anthera pedicellata. v 



\ 







An inhabitant of the trunks of trees in swampy, low 
situations, in the sestuaries of the rivers of Ben^l and 
Pegu, according to Dr. Wallich, to whom the Gardens of 
Enlland are indebted for the introduction of this curious 
species. In its natural position it is pendulous ; but in our 
drawing it is represented erect-the pl^t in the Garden 
of the Horticultural Society from which the figure was 
taken, having at that time been tied to a stake. It flowers 
at uncertain seasons, and grows more freely than other 
plants with a similar habit. 

In appearance it is very like the Herba supplex quinta 
of Rumphius, vol. 6. p. Ill t. 51. f. 2 ; but that plant Im^ 
spiked flowers, and. Dr. WaUich informs us, is quoted by 
Roxburgh in his MSS. to his Dendrobmm acmaciforme. 



* From Sei-Jgdy, a tree, and iS/of, life, 
upon trees, in the hot parts of the East I 



species 



Stems numerous, compressed, fleshy, pendulous. Leaves 
distichous, fleshy, compressed, ovate-oblong, acute, pale 
green. Flowers solitary, herbaceous. Sepals ovate, erect, 
acute ; the inner ones sinallest, the lower ones connate 
with the long base of the column. Lip unguiculate, with 
neither callosities nor appendages,, articulated, cuneate, 
emarginate, crenulate, a little coloured. Stigma with two 
callosities within its cavity. Pollen masses 4, twin, loose, 
collateral. Anther with a little stalk. 

J. L. 



i 



1 

4 
1 



/^^ c. 




i 



^.J^U^.a^ 



^f/J&^u^ /^y ff'::^^^^^ ^a^.^^ /. /Situ 



^.^^a'/i/.y^ 



1240 



/ 



^ -" 



w 

RHODODENDRON* arboreum ; var. roseum 



Rose-coloured Tree Rhododendron. 






i rf 



DECANDRIA MONOGVNIA. 



Nat 




RHODODENDRON. — ^wpr^, vol. 1 . /oZ 



R. arboreum; foliis glabris lanceolatis siibtiis micantibus, capsula valvulis 10, 

caule arboreo. 
R. arboreum. Smith exot. hot. t. 9. Suprti, vol. I \. fol. S90. 
R. puniceum. Roxb. hort. beng. 33. 
fi. roseum ; foliis subtils ferrugineis, floribus roseis. 




In speaking at fol. 890 of the Scarlet Tree Rhododendron, 
we remarked, that there was in this country a variety with 
leaves ferruginous beneath ; that variety is the subject of 
the opposite plate. '^ It differs from the true Scarlet Tree 
Rhododendron, in having bright rose-coloured flowers, and 
a little brown tomentum on the under side of the leaves, 
besides which it is rather more hardy. 



* 



Upon comparing the specimen with Dr. Wallich's 
drawings, we find it perfectly identical with the plant as 
it grows in India ; and also that there is another variety, 
having leaves ferruginous beneath, with white flowers. 

Our drawing was made in Mr. Joseph Knight's Nur- 
sery, in the King's Road, in February last : the plant was 
there cultivated in the Conservatory. 

Dr. Wallich kindly informs us, that this variety is found 



no where except upon *' the summit of Sheopore, the 



highest mountam among those which confine the great 
valley of Nipal on the north, and at an elevation of not less 



From po?«», a rose, and i'n'i^ci, a tree ; ia allusion to the bunches of 
rose-coloured flowers with which it is covered, 

VOL. XV. E 



than 10,000 feet 



h 



it grows intermixed with the 



two. 



In 



white variety, which is, however, the less common of the 

mountainous region they both attain, along 
with the scarlet sort, the size of large forest- trees ; the 
latter, however, although it is found growing among them, 
is more naturally the inhabitant of a zone 5000 feet lower : 

found all over the mountains of Nipal and Kumoon, 



and Sirmore; and th 



may, as Dr. Wallich remarks 



the collectors 



trees 1( 
greater 



for its being less hardy than the red sort ; because 

e more apt to gather their seed from the 
on the mountains, than from those at a 



down 



J. L 



I 






p 



♦ 




f t^J 4^ / ■ 



iM S^^l^.ole^- 





-t/M/j/ 16/^ 




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1241 



CLINTONIA* 61egans. 



Elegant Clintoma. 



\ii 



*' 







f 



SYNGENESIA MONOGAMIA. 



A \ 



Nat. or d, Lobeliace^e Jm55. Lindley's synopsis , p. 137. 

CLINTONIA. — Calyx superus, pentaphyllus, subsequalis. Corolla 
monopetala, bilabiata, labio iuferiore cuneato trilobo, superiore erecto 
bipartito. Stamina in tubo connata, incurva. Antherce connatse, duabus 
apice setigeris. Ovarium siliquiforme, triangulare, contortum, uniloculare, 
placentis duabus ! parietalibus. Capsula arida, chartacea, polysperma, in 
valvulis tribus loriformibus dehiscens. 



phylla. Flores solitarii^ axillares. 



Herba annua, procumbens, micro- 



-■jr- 





Clintonia elegans. Douglas. 

Herba annua, proeumbens^ parum ramosa, glabra, 
latus. Folia sessilia, ovata, trivenia. Flores solitarii, axillares. 
sessile, long^ acuminatum, foliis 4-5'plb lo7igius, triangulare, contortum. 

rinrp mpAio maculd albd. Antherse ccerulece. 



Caulis teres, angu- 

Ovarium 



igma 



\f^ 



folii 



longiores. Pollen ovale, medio sulcatum. 



.** 




low 



Mr. Douglas informs us, that this is very 

flowed grounds on 



grassy 



the plains of the 



Columbia, near Wallawallah river, and near the head 
springs of the Multnomah, flowering from June till August. 
With us it forms one oiT thg most beautiful annuals with 
which we are acquainted, notwithstanding the want of 
spreading foliage to give its flowers effect, the latter are 
of so brilliant a colour, that the plants, when grown in 
broad patches, resemble a carpet of silver and blue. 



It 



propagated by seeds, which are produced 



State of New York, 



itlencv De Witt 



an, and a distinguished patron 
of American investigation. He was the author of several ingenious treatises 
in different branches of Natural History ; and may be truly said to have 
deserved well of science, both in his own country and in all the world. 



quantities. Our drawing was made in August 1828, in 
the Horticultural Society's Garden, where it had been 
raised from Mr. Douglas's seeds. 

This genus is highly interesting in several points of 



view 



In the first place, it exhibits a second instance of uni- 
ocu ar fruit with parietal placentae, in an order with multi- 
locular fruit and axile placentae ; but the fruit is constructed 
upon a very different plan from that of Lysipomia, to which 
it is in this point of view to be compared : while Lysipomia 
exhibits a placenta apparently parietal, in consequence of 
the abortion of two cells of a trilocular ovarium, Clintonia 
Has Its placentae absolutely parietal, without any abortion 
ot the same nature. 

In the second place, it is an instance, and a very 
mncommon one, of the abortion of one of the placentas of 
ian ovarium made up of three carpella, having a triangular 
figure, and finally bursting into three valves. 

Thirdly, this deviation from' the normal structure of 
tne order IS unaccompanied by any correspondintf irregu- 
larity in the other parts of the fructification 

A procumbent annual, but little branched, and destitute 
ot nairs.^ ^tem terete, angular. Leaves sessile, ovate, with 
tnree principal veins. F/owers solitary, axillary. Ovarium 
sessile, tapering to a point, four or five times as lon^ as the 
leaves, triangular, twisted. Corolla blue, the lower lip 
with a clear white spot. Anthers blue. Stigma conical 
surrounded by a papillose beard. Capsule much longer 
than the leaves. Folkn oval, with a furrow in the middle. 

When the seed-vessels are quite ripe they split into 
three strap-shaped valves, which cohere by either ex- 
tremity. The seeds are minute, brown, smooth. 

J.L. 



t 






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1242 



LUPINUS* aridus 



Arid Lupine 



I 



I 



DIADELPHIA DECANDRIA 



Nat, ord. Leguminosje. 

LUPINUS. — Suprcl, vol 13. foL 1096. 



* ^ 



L. aridus; herbaceus, hirsutissimus, floribus verticillatis pedicellatis brac- 
teolatis, calycis labio superiore bifido: inferiore integro, foliolis 5-9 lineari- 
lanceolatis villosis, stipulis subulatis. — Douglas. 

CcespitosuSy pabnaris pedalisve, undique pilis lonyiSy rigidiSy argenteis, 
scabrellis vestitus. Folia albo-villosa^ foliolis 5-9," lineari-lanceolatis^ in 
desiccato suhpungentibus colore in ferrugineo mutante. Racemus terminalis, 
densuSy verticillatus, multiflorus ; pedicelli calyce breviores ; calyx hirsutiis, 
bracteolis duabus minimis subulatis^; labio superiore bifidoy inferiore integro 
falcato. Flores cceruleo-purpiirei. A^exillum rotundatum, atropurpureum ; 
alae falcatce; carina falcata^ apice ciliata^ pallidaj obtusa. Legumen 
rigidum, hirsutumy 2-3-spermum. Semina parra, longay alba. — Douglas. 



>■ 



Mr. Douglas informs us that this beautiful species is an 
inhabitant only of woodless, scorched grounds, where, from 
its compact habit, it forms thick carpets of purplish blue, 
giving a relief to the eye from the micaceous sand in which 
it delights to grow. It occupies the same range of country 
as L. leucophyllus, and is equally common with that species. 

f 

The spontaneous plant is white, with long hairs, and is 
a true perennial; but the Garden plant, which is much 
less hairy, can scarcely be considered more than biennial : 
from the profusion of the flowers, the plant soon becomes 
exhausted ; and this, together with its impatience of mois- 
ture, and the humidity of our climate, is apt to destroy it. 

Mr. Douglas sent it to the Horticultural Society in 



Seefol. 1198. 



1827, and it flowered in 1828. Our drawing was made in 
the Chiswick Garden, in the autumn of that year. 

" Cespitose, 6 to 10 inches high, densely clothed with 
rigid, long, silvery, scabrous, or slightly barbed hairs. 
Leaves covered with short and less copious hairs than the 
stem. Leaflets 5-9, linear-lanceolate, equally hairy with 



the stem, almost pungent in a dry 



and rusty brown 



colour. Raceme terminal, dense, whorled, many-flowered 
Pedicels shorter than the calyx. Ca/j/jt hirsute, with two 
minute, subulate bracteolae ; the upper lip bifid, the 



and falcate. Flower purple-blue 



Veiillum rounded 



dark purple 



Wing 



falcate, purple-blue 



heel falcate 



ated at the apex, obtuse, pallid. Pod rigidly hirsute 
seeded. Seeds small, long, white." — Douglas. 



I 



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1243 



"4. 

I 



I 




PRUNUS* dasycarpa. 



m 

Purple-fruited Apricot. 



i 



1 

r 

r 

I 

/ 

it 






\ 



I 



"^ 



ICOSANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 



Mi^ ord. RosACEiE. ^ Drupac€<s. 
PRUNUS. — Supra, vol 2.fol. 136. 



«*% / 



1 _ 



I 



dasycarpa; foliis ovatis acuminatis obtusis serratis, subrugosls, petiolit 



glandulosis, corollis subhexapetalis. 

P. dasycarpa. Ehr. beitr, 6. 90. Willd, 

P. Armeniaca nigra. Desf, cat. ed. 3. p. 



Sp 



/. 



Armeniaca atropurpurea. 

Armeniaca dasycarpa. ^ Dec. prodr. 2. 532. 

Arbor mediocrisy ramis glabris, fere P. Armeniacae, sed magis virgatis. 
Folia petiolata, ovalia, v. ovato-acuminatay obtusay subrugosuy petiolis glandu-- 
losis. Floras Jasciculati, breviter pedunculati ; calvce corolldaue tmvi 



6-^partitts. 
austero. 



atropurpurei, camefulvo, 



\ 



This is the plant commonly known in the Nurseries as 
the Black Apricot. As a fruit it is of no kind of value ; 
but as a handsome hardy tree it deserves cultivation. It 
is treated in all respects as a common Apricot, and flowers 
about the same period of thie year. Its native country is 
unknovvn. ^ 

Wfe certainly are not among those who attach much 
importance to what are called intermediate forms in nature, 
in determining the li^ts either of genera or species ; but 
we do think that it is impossible to maintain the genus 
Armeniaca, which does not possess a single character, 
deserving that name, to distinguish it from Prunus, and 



/. 



the Gree]^ name of the plum : its origin is anknown. Dasy 
carpa' literally signifies tbick-fruited. 



h 



which is completely identified with the 



by means 



of the species now described and the Prunus Brigantiaca 
of Villars. Cerasus, which differs from Prunus in the 
vernation of its leaves, will on that account be adopted by 
Botanists. 

Our drawing was made in the Garden of the Horticul- 
tural Society. 

A middle-sized tree, with smooth branches, almost like 
those of the common Apricot, but more slender. Leaves 
stalked, oval, or ovate-acuminate, obtuse, somewhat rugose, 
with glandular petioles. Flowers fascicled, on short stalks ; 
calyx and corolla often in 6 parts. Fruit about as large as 
a common plum, dark purple, with a tawny, austere flesh. 



1 



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4 <y^^/, ,a^ 



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Ut^^y'fjy /^^ '.^€4^MXI^2^J^i^i^y/'32.-^. 



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1244 



i.. 



CHASMONIA* incisa. 



i 

Cut-leaved Chasmonia, 



,J 



P. 



h-i 



1 



i 



r < 






DIDYNAMIA GYMNOSPERMIA. 



iVa^ ore?. Labiat^e. 
CHASMONIA.— 



i 



vtf 



i 




— Ca/z/x sulcatus, bilabiatus, labio superiore integro, 
inferiore rotundato (7-) 6-dentato, dentibus spinosis. Corolla ringens, 
galea emarginata pland, labio 4-lobo. Antherce lineari-oblongae. Stigmata 
sequalia. Involucrum 3-partItum, basi calycis affixum, spinosum. — PresL 
Flora Sicula \.p, xxxvii. ^ 





Spreng 



C. incisa. Presl. L c. 

Moluccella* spinosa. Linn. sp. pL 821. Willd. sp. pi. 3, 128. 

si/st. 2. 745. ' / f ^ 

Molucca spinosa. Dodoms. pempt. 92. I 

Melissa moluccana foetida. Bauh. pBi. 229. "^ 

Caulis quadratuSy glaberi /Folia long^ petiolata, inciso-palmata, spinosa^ 
glabra. Bractea cuique flori tripartita^ laciniis spinosis^ subulatis, sub- 
pilosis. Calyces injlatiy rigidi^ reticulati, tubo sulcato, basi glanduloso^ 
bilabiati; labio superiore dilatatOy erecto, inferiore rotundato^ radiatim 
7~dentato : dentibus longe spinosis^ imEqualibus. Corolla ochroleuca, pilosa, 
calyce brevior^ galed convexd, leviter emarginatdf labio subcuneatOj pariter 
4-lobo. 



Antherse glabrce, discrete. 



^ 






The plant from which our drawing of this 



plant 



was taken, in the Nursery of Messrs. Young, of Epsom, had 
been raised from seed collected by Mr. Philip Barker Webb 

It is ^ . 

ranean ; and is one of the oldest inhabitants of our Gardens 



a native of Sicily and other parts of the Mediter 



having been introduced, according to the Hortus Kavensis 
so long since as 1596. It is a hardy annual, flowering ii 
July and August. 

Leaves on long stalks, cut- 



_-: 



Stem 



square, smooth . 



.*■' 



1 



calyx. 



* From 



^pe wide, in allusion to the yawning mouth of the 



palmate, spiny, smooth. Bractece of each flower 3-parted 
with subulate,, spiny, somewhat hairy segments. Calyxe. 
inflated, rigid, reticulated, with a furrowed glandular tube 
'^ lipped ; the upper lip dilated, erect, the lower rounded 



with seven long 



qual, radiating spiny teeth 



Corolla 



yellowish, pilose, shorter than the calyx; galea , 

slightly emarginate, with a somewhat wedge-shaped, equally 
4-lobed lip. Anthers smooth, distinct. 

J. L. 



V- 



« -^ 






'\ 



i 

1 
I 

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/ / 



ay_. .y 



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y 



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1245 



^ 

* 



PENTSTEMON* triphyllum. 



Three-leaved Pentstemon. 



DIDYN AMIA A NGIOSPERMIA 



Nat. ord. Scrophularine^. 
PENTSTEMON/— Supr^, vol. IS.fol 1121 



P. triphyllum; herbaceum, humile, foliis ternis quaternisve glabris incisis: 
inferioribus oblongis, floralibus integerrimis, pedunculis bi-trifloris cal^ci- 
busque arachnoideis, coroUse laciniis oblongis obtusis : labii infenoris 

aequalibus. , ^ 

P. triphyllum. Douglas. J 

Caulis teres^ ramosus, pedalis sesquipedalisve, coloratus. Folia 3-4- 
natim verticillatay obtus^ incisa, inferiora oblonguy superiora^ lanceolata^ 
suprema (Jloralia) lineari-lanceolata, integerrima. Flores parce paniculati, 
pedunculis 2'3-floris, arachnoideis. Calycis lacini^ otatte, acut<B, arach- 
noidem. Corolla subventricosa, pallide rosea, venosa, lahio superiore ernar- 



iferiore triloboy laciniis oblongis^ obtusiSy <Bqwxl 



alba, glabrae. — Douglas. 



rudimentumfiliformej barbatum. Anthera 



^/ 



According to Mr. Douglas, by whom this was detected, 
it is a common plant, on decomposed dry granite, or schist 
rocks, on the Blue Mountains of North-west America, in 
the district watered by the river Columbia; it is also 
found on the mountains to the southward in Northern 
California. It was introduced by the Horticultural Society 
in 1827, and flowered in August 1828, when our drawing 
was made. 

The verticillate disposition of the leaves is not repre- 
sented in our plate, in which the upper part of a very 
vigorous plant is shewn. They are charactenstic of the 



So called from xinu five, and «?/*«, a stamen, in allusion to the 



presence of a fifth stamen 
this genus belongs. 



I 



-<^ 



species; and both in the wild and cultivated plant vary 

It is a perennial, and easily 



from 



to 4 in 



whorl 



cultivated in common soil. 

■ 

" Stem round, branching, red, smooth, and wiry, a foot 
to 16 inches high. Leaves sessile, linear, acute, widely 
and unequally dentate, in threes round the stem, the upper 
or floral ones perfectly entire and glabrous. Flowers axil- 
lary, panicled, with upright, rarely more than 3-flowered 
peduncles, clothed with very fine, long, white, entangled 

in the 
some- 



hairs. Seg 



of the caly 



hairy 



same degree as the peduncles. Corolla tubul 
what ventricose, pale rose colour, with dark veins, nearly 
equally 5-cleft. Upper Jilaments dilated at the base. Anther 
smooth, white. Rudiment filiform, bearded halfway down 



the upper side. ''^-^ Doug las 



J. L 



I 



V 

h 




^'•'i^:^^^uj^/6(^.S':\ ^^^ ^^.._ .//^zy 




: /r-aa^. ^- 



1246 



ERYTHRINA* poi^thes. 



• Naked-flowering Erythrina. 



\ 



DIADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 



Nat. ord. Legu 
ER YTHRINA . 



fol 



E. ^oianthes ; folus ternatis, foliolis lateralibus ovatis, interraedio rhombeo- 
ovato, omnibus snhtfis pubescentibus, rachi petioloque communi aculeatis 
caule arboreo aculeato, calyce obliqu^ truncate, latere superiore v. fisso 
V mtegro, stammibus diadelphis vexillo vix hrevionhm — BroUro in 



Lmn. trans. 14. p. 342. tt. 10 et II. 



^ 



This fine plant was sent, 



in 1827, from the Royal 



Gardens at Ajuda to Mr. Lambert, ^hrough the interven 

of Lord Heytesbury, at that time Ambassador at the 



Court of Portugal 



produces its flowers without the 



It is cultivated in the stove, where 



made from a specimen in Mr. Lambert 
August 1828. 



Our drawing 



possession, m 



«p>-* 



n' 



_ Accordmg to Professor Brotero, this is 10 or 15 feet 
high, growmg in the Botanic Garden of Ajuda, and else- 
A^i^jT ^° Portugal ; and flowering in January, February, 
and March. Its native country is unknown : it is conjec- 
tured by Brotero that it may be a native of Asia. 

To the very prolix description given by this Botanist 

Transactions of the Linnean Society, we find nothing 

He observes, that it must not be confounded with 



the 
add 



either E. corallodendron, indica, or picta, to all which 



related, but from which 
truly diadelphous. 



differs in having the stamens 









J. L 



So called from Igv-^gaj, red, in allusion to the usual colour of the 
nowers.^ What is meant by poianthes, we hardly know ; unless the word is 
formed txom^cinrog, adventitious, in obscure allusion to tlie flowers appearino- 
without the leaves, -s- ff o 



^ 



m 




/^r/- 



JL '^' AaU. 



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^/:,, t^/.-- , ,. 



■(/ ^ •'////. /. /(/A^Cf. 



^ H ^ ' 



J V -: "^ "^ - * * 



1247 



ECHEVERIA* gibbifldra. 



Gibbous 'flowered Echeveria. 



DECANDRIA PRNTAGVNJA. 

Nat. ord. Crassulaceje. 

ECHEVERIA. — Cahjx 5-partitus, sepalis folia referentibus erectis, 
ima basi subconcretis. Petala 5, infernfe coalita, erecta, crassa, rigidula 
ad nervum medium crassiora et fer6 basi trigona, acuta. Stamina 10, petalis 
breviora, basi cum petalis concreta. Syuamce 5, breves, obtusae. Car- 

pella 5, in stylos subulatos abeuntia. Frutices carnosi Mexicani". Folia 

alterna, caulina, aut rosulata, subopposita, infegerrima, enervia. Floras 
secHs rac/iin, aut secils cymce ramos sessiles, coccinei aut flavi. — Dec. prodr. 
3.401. 



E. (jihhiflora ; foliis planis cuneiformibus acut& mucronatis ad apices ramon 
■ confertis, panicula patente, floribus seciis ramos breviter pedicellatis. 

Dec. prodr. 3. 401. Mtmoire sur les Crassulacees, p. 29, t. 5. 

Frutex carnosus, floridus, 2-3-pedalis, foliis ad apicem caulis hre\ 
rosulatts, carnosis, glaucis. Racemus compositus, fiexuosus, hracteis inft 



pallidiora. 



foliaceis. Petala aurantiaca, basi inter sepala producta 



A very handsome succulent plant, belonging to a small 
tribe peculiar to the Flora of tropical America. It lives 
readily in the Greenhouse, where it flowers m November 
and December. 

Our drawing was made in 1828, in the Garden of the 
Horticultural Society, where it had been raised from seeds 
collected on the western coast of South America by 
Mr. James M'Rae. 

M. DecandoUe says it is a native of Mexico. 



Named in honour of M. Echeveria, a skilful Botanical painter, wno 
executed many of the finest designs of the Mexican Flora, commenced 
under the direction of MM. Sesak, Mocino, and Cervantez. 

VOL. XV. ' • 



< 



A fleshy shrub, when in flower 2 or 3 feet high. Leaves 
rosulate at the top of a short stem, fleshy, glaucous. 
Raceme flexuose, compound, with large foliaceous bracteae. 
Petals orange-coloured, their bases elongated beyond the 



of the calyx, paler than the 



J. L. 



4 



UL8. 




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1248 



PYRUS* sinensis. 



>' 



The Chinese Pear 



X 



ICOSANDRIA PENTAGYNIA 



,-f 



Nat. ord. Pomaceje. Juss. Lindley's synops. 103. 
PYRUS. — Suprci, vol 6. foL 514. 



i 

P. chinensis; Mm cordatis apiculatis lucidis serratis: junioribus subtiis 

pubescentibus, pedunculis corymbo^is, calycibus intils glabris, fructu 
verrucoso osseo. > 

Ri vulgo Nas. Pyrus sativa fructu magno duro. KcBmpf. amoen. 800. 

Pyrus communis. Lour. fl. Cochin Ch, p. 321. 

Pyrus sinensis. Lindley in hort. trans. 6. 396. Hort. soc. fruit catalogue, 



p. 154. 



dim 



viridibus demtim fusco-viridibus, foliis majoribus lucidis ferk temper 

pomiformibus verrucosis osseis^ calyce demiln 



intHs semper glabra nee lanuginosa. 



« * 



-f 



^ This, the Chinese Pear, Sandy Pear, or Snow Pear, as 
it is indiscriminately called, is a species at present very 
little known in Europe. It is a native of China, whence it 
was originally introduced by the Horticultural Society in 
the year 1820, on board the Cornwall, Captain John 
Peter Wilson. 

It differs from the European Pear in having longer and 
greener branches; larger, more lucid, and almost ever- 
green leaves ; insipid, apple-shaped, warted, very gritty 
fruit ; and a calyx, the inside of which is destitute of the 
down that is found in all the varieties ofjthe European 

Pear. 

The Chinese call it the Sandy Pear, in consequence of 
the grittiness of its fruit, which is occasionally ripened in 




• Seefol. 1196 






i 



this country. As a fruit-tree it has no merit whatever; on 
the contrary, it is, as far as has yet been seen, perfectly 
worthless ; but for an ornament of the Park or the Shrub- 
bery it deserves notice, being perfectly hardy. 

Our drawing was made in the Garden of the Horticul- 
tural Society in April 1828. 

J. L. 



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1249 



■'^■K 



OXALIS* tortudsa. 



Tortuous Oxalis. 




DECANDRIA PENTAGYNIA. 



Nat 



OXALIS. — Supr^, vol. I.fol 



V 



Div. Caprinse. 



ItiJloriSy foliis 



fol 



toliolatis, scepius trifoliolatis.—Dec. prodr. 1. 695. 

O. tortuosa; caule carnoso squamoso, foliolis 3 linearibus obtusis subti^s 

pilosis, floribus umbellatis, pedunculo petiolisque tortuosis subaequalibus 
carnosis. 



CauH 



filif< 



foliosus. 
lineariay carnosa. 



subobtusa^ subtus pilosa. Pedunculi petioHs similes, sed paulb longiores. 

Umbelli multijloru Sepala triangularia v. rhomboidea, obtusa, paulb erosa^ 
J " ''nargine anteriore colorato. Petala luteay cuneata, sanguineo magis minusve 

m niarginata. Stamina stylis subcequalia. Ovaria polysperma. 



-J 



i' 



.«" 



* 




A native of Chile, where it was found growing very 
sparingly in the neighbourhood of Valparaiso, by Mr. James 
M'Rae, in October 1825. 

Our drawing was made in the Garden of the Horticul- 
tural Society in June 1828. The plant is kept in the 
Greenhouse, where it grows with a tortuous scaly stem to 
the height of a foot or thereabouts. 




The O. carnosa figured at fol. 1063 of this work has, 
since it was published, ceased to produce its blossoms 
singly, or in pairs; but now developes them in many- 
flowered umbels. It would therefore be more properly 



• '0|«A/j is the Greek name for sorrel, so called on account 
acidity of the leaves. This genus is also acid, in as great a degree a 
for which it is actually substituted in the countries where it grows. 



referred to the Cap 
the present species. 



section of the genys, along with 



Petioles dark green, filiform 



fleshy 



leaflets 



sm 



fleshy, somewhat blunt, hairy beneath. Peduncles 



Umbels 



like the petioles, but someth^..^, .^.x.- 

flowered. Septals triangular or rhomboidal. obtuse 



many 
some- 



what eroded, with their anterior margin coloured. Petals 
yellow, cuneate, more or less bordered with red. Stamens 



ly equal to the styl 



Ovaria many-seeded 



J. L. 



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1250 



POLYGONUM* injucundum. 



Unattractive Polygonum. 



OCTANDRIA TRIGYNIA. 



Nat. ord, Polygoneje. 



1 POLYGONUM.— Suprd, vol 13. /o/. 1065 



P. injucundum ; foliis triangularibus in petiolo attenuatis acutis, ochreis 
cylindricis truncatis glabris, racemis axillaribus foliis brevioribus, floribus 
octandris digynis, caule fruticoso. 

CdivXh fruticosus^ pedalis bipedalisve, feres, purpureus, parhm ramosus. 
Folia triangulariay glabra, in petiolo attenuata, vents inconspicuis. Ochreae 
membranacecBy cylindricce, truncatce, petiolo breviores. Racemi axillares, 
erecti, foliis breviores ; bracteae membrayiacece, ovatce. Perianthium 5-Jidum, 
<Bqualiter patens, herbaceum, tubo obconico, subcarnoso. Stamina 8, in disco 
connata. Ovarium subrotundum, digynum. 



This rare, though not very interesting, plant is a native 
of the high parts of the Cordilleras lying between Valpa- 
raiso and Santiago, where it was collected for the Horticul- 
tural Society by Mr. James M'Rae. Our drawing was 
made in the month of May 1828, from a plant growing in 
the Chiswick Garden, where it is cultivated in the frames. 

L 

That the genus now called Polygonum comprehends 
several groups of plants requiring to be separated as 
distinct genera, is, we think, quite apparent from the very 



i 



* So called on account of the numerous geniculations of the stems of 

a ^r+1.^ ,• - / .r — ^^A .J— ^ VnPP^ ar.rordmp- to De TheiS 



and 



been the Convallaria latifoha of 
u^M nf tliP nrpspnt article. The 



^oXvy 



the genus Polygonum, is said by the lexicographers to be derived from 
^•xiycci, fruitful, productive; and Scribonius Largus expressly declares 
that " herba, quae, quia multa est, et ubique nascitur, T«Awy»r« appellatur. 



excellent Monograph of Dr. Meisner, to whom the honour 
IS due of having been the first to investig-ate scientifically 
the structure and modifications of these plants. But the 



fruit of this species being unknown, it is not at present 
possible to refer it accurately to its station. In habit it 
has most affinity with the Fagopyrum tribe ; but its ochreee 
are cylmdrical and truncated, not semi-cylindrical. Perhaps 
this, and the Coccoloba sagittifolia of Ortega, are the repre- 
sentatives of a new form of the order peculiar to South 
America. 

The various species of Polygonum are better known as 
troublesome or uninteresting weeds, than as useful or orna- 
mental plants. We must not, however, be led to despise 
the meanest herb that grows, because its value is unknown 
to us : in proof of which, read the following extract from 
Dr. Meisner's Monograph 

Of all the species, the most useful are V. fagopyrum and 
tataricum, the grain of which supplies, in many parts of the 
old world, the place of corn : they have in some 




acquired the name of Saracen wheat, in consequence of 
supplying the only kind of corn used by some of the 
wandering tribes of Asia: to people of this description, the 
l^agopyrums are of the utmost value, as they grow readily 
in any soil, and ripen their produce in a very short space of 
time. The culture of the common species is not, however, 
confined to Asia ; it is well known in almost every part of 
Europe ; and in Nipal it is grown along with P. tatari- 
cum and emarginatum. In Russia and Siberia the two first 
of these species are ased; but in Europe the V. fagopyrum 
is preferred : nevertheless, according to M. Decandolle, the 
farmers of Piedmont, especially in the valley of Lucerne, 
chiefly employ the P. tataricum, because it" ripens more 
quickly, and is therefore less likely to suffer from cold 
summers, or from being sown on the sides of the moun- 
tains. The Piedmontese distinguish the P. fagopyrum by 
the name of " Formentine de Savoie," and the P. tataricum 
by that of " granette" and "Formentine de Luzerne." 
Ihe principal objection to the latter is, that its flowers 
expand irregularly and unequally, and that the flour is 
blackish and rather bitter. The P. fagopyrum is, however, 
cultivated m the richer parts of Europe as a food for 
domestic fowls or other birds, rather than for the use of 



rf'-i 



r 






man. Cakes made of the flour of this species, we are 
told by Thunberg, round, coloured, and baked, are sold in 
every inn in Japan. 

Loureiro states, that P. odoratum is cultivated through- 
out the kingdom of Cochin China as an excellent vegetable 
for eating with broiled meat and fish. 

t 

\ 

Humboldt states, that the South American Indians 
smoke the leaves of P. hispidum instead of tobacco. 

P. perfoliatum is said by Loureiro to be used by the 
Chinese for softening ivory and bone, so as to render them 
more fit for being coloured and stamped with various figures. 
According to the same writer, P. tinctorium is used for dy 



barbatu 



of a beautiful blue or green 



and 



culare 



are 



ated 



m 



same purpose 
that the 



of 



Jap 



P. ckinense, 

for the 



we are informed by Thunberg 
former yields a sort of indigo, — the leaves being 
dried and pounded are made into cakes, in which state they 
are sold for dyeing both silk and cotton. 

The medical properties of Polygonums are unimportant ; 
none of the species are admitted into modern Materia 
Medicas, except the P. bistorta. The root of this abounds 
with an astringent principle, which has been said to be 
of the utmost efiicacy in atonic and chronic diarrhoeas, 
' haemorrhages, &:c. The Cetitumnodia of the old Materia 
Medicas (P. aviculare) was said to have seeds endued with 
an emetic principle ; but there appears to be no ground for 
the assertion. There is also a species known in Brazil, in 
the province of St. Paul, called Erva de bicho, which is not 
only used as a sort of sauce for all kinds of meat, but is 
administered, both externally and internally, as a kind of 



universal remedy for diseases and wounds. 



J. L. 




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1251 



4 



LUPINUS* micr^thus. 



Small-flowered Lupine. 



DIADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 

Nat. ord. Leguminosje. 
lUPINUS.Suprd, vol. l3. foL 1096. 



L micranfhus; annuus, floribus subverticiUatis sessilibusbracleolalis. calycis 

labio superiore bifido : inferiore integro, foliolis 5-7, line'ari-spatulatis 

ciiiatis, legumimbus 6-spennis transversim sulcatis, caule ramoso, radi- 

cibus grsLnulaiUs.— -Douglas. 

« Annuus. Radix fibrosa, tuherculis carnosis, verruciformihus . Caulis 

etectus, ramosus, siibpedalis, pilis brevibus albis pubescens. Folia digitata ; 
stipulis subulatis, foliolis 5-7, linear i-spatulatis, suprd glabris, subtUs pilosis 
ciliatis, carnosis, circiter 3 quartas uncicB longis. Flores subverticillati 
pauct, sesstles. Bractege subulatcs, pilosce, foliis atriores. Calyx sericeus. 
labio superiore bifido, inferiore integro. Vexillum ovatum, caruleum, medio 
album, maculis 2.Ave nigris parallelis. Alee oblongcB, vexillo <Bquales. 

falcata, acuta. Legumen linear i-ob long um, transverse sulcatum, 



5-6-spermum. Semina magna, fusca, grisea, nebulosa.— Boughs. 



If this is not to be compared in point of beauty with 
such fine species as L. perennis, ornatus, and others, which 
have been already figured in this work from Mr. Douglas's 
collections, it is nevertheless interesting as an addition to 
the number of species of annual Lupines. 

F 

^ According to Mr. Douglas, this has much afl5nity with 

► Lupmus bicolor, published at fol. 1109 of this work, from 

which it differs in being more slender, and in flowering 
from four to six weeks earlier. It is more particularly to 
be distinguished from that species by the shortness of its 
alae, its nearly sessile flowers, fleshy leaves, granulated 
roots, larger pods, and the colour and size of the seeds. 



See fol. 1198. 



I 



Mr. Douglas found it abundantly upon the gravelly- 
banks of the southern tributaries of the Columbia, and in 
barren ground in the interior of California. 

A hardy annual, flowering from May to July. Our 
drawing was made in the Garden of the Horticultural 
Society in 1828. 

Annual. Root fibrous, with warty, fleshy tubercles. 

branching, about a foot high, with short white 



it 



Stem 



downy hairs. Leaves digitate, with subulate, dark stipules 



Leafl 



patulate, smooth above, ciliate, with 



minute, short, fine hairs below, thick and fleshy, three 
fourths of an inch long. Flowers partly whorled,- few, 
sessile. BractecE subulate, pilose, darker than the leaves. 
Calyjc silky, upper lip bifid, under entire. Veiillum ovate, 
blue, white in the centre, with two or four parallel black 
dots. AlcB oblong, same length as the vexillum; keel fal- 

transverse fur- 



cate, acute. Legumen linear-oblong, with 



Douglas 



seeded. Seeds large, brownish gray, mottled 



>> 



J. L 



t 

I 






I 




I, 



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..^. 






^^J\.....,/-/2C/ 







1252 



BEGONIA* viUdsa. 



* 

Shaggy Begonia. 



MONCECIA POLYANDRIA, 



Nat. ord. Begoniace*. 
BEGONIA. — Suprd, vol 4. foL 284. 



B* villosa ; foliis semicordatis obsolete duplicatb-dentatis obtusis, petiolis 
ramisque villosis, capsulae alS, majore rotundatS. 



Stipulee scariosce. 



versHsfastig 



semicordata 



nunc suhintegerrimaj utrinque pilosa, petiolis villosis, Cymee paucijlora. 
Flores albi, partem rubescentes. Petala 4. Capsulae alis rotundatis^ nullo 
modo angulatis, alterd majore. 



We distinguish this species from the B. humilis of 
Dryander, from which Mr. Haworth has properly separated 
the B. humilis of this work, foh 284, under the name of 
Suaveolens, by its obtuse leaves, more rounded wings of 
the capsule^ and shaggy branches and petioles. In some 
of the Gardens near London we have seen it named B. 
hirsuta, which is a distinct species, with deeply incised, 
serrated leaves. 



B. semperflorens of Link and Otto's Abbildung 



re- 



sembles this in many respects ; but is distinguishable by 
the absence of hairs from the stem and petioles, and by its 
green, not scarious, stipulae. 

Our drawing was made in September last, in the Garden 
of the Horticultural Society, from a plant presented to that 
establishment by Sir Charles Lemon, by whom it was 



assisted Plumier in his works upon 



Bego 



I 



raised from Brazilian seeds. A stove plant, readily in- 
creased by seed. 

Stem erect, but little branched, shaggy towards the top, 
more naked downwards. Stipulce scarious. Leaves half 
cordate, obtuse, obscurely doubly toothed, sometimes 
almost entire, especially when old, hairy on both sides, 
the petioles shaggy. Cymes few-flowered. ' Flowers white, 
with very little tinge of red. Wings of the capsule rounded, 
with no angles, one of them much larger than the rest. 

J. L. 



/.i .-?:). 



f 




,yo€^X/^j 



X 



X 



X 



I 



1253 



AZALEA* pontica ; var. sinensis. 



*:i 



Chinese Yellow Azalea 



PENTANDRIA MONOGYNIA 



Nat. ord, Erice^. 
AZALEA. — Suprd, vol. 2. fol 



T 



A, pontica ; foliis oblongis basi angustatis subundulatis rugosis subtiis gUu- 
' \.«o^^^*^k,\« ^;i^e;« ^nrvmhn fprminall caDitato, corollee tubo piloso- 



cescentibiis pilosis, corymbo terminali capitato 
glanduloso limbo subeequali. 
A. pontica/ Linn. sp. 1669, aliorumque. 

Var. sinensis. * 

A. sinensis. Lodd, botanical cabinet^ t. ? 



i 



'^ 



t 



dif- 



Tiiis fine plant has been received from China, at dif- 
ferent times, both by Messrs. Loddiges of Hackney, and; 
Mr. Wells of Redleaf, with each of whom it has now pro- 
duced its flowers. The specimen from which our dt^wmg 
was taken was communicated by Mr. Wells in April of the 
present year ; and about the same time we saw a bush m 
Messrs. Loddiges' Greenhouse covered with clusters of 
blossoms. It is one of the most shewy plants we know, 
and is, upon the whole, decidedly s^P^nor to the now 
common Azalea pontica of Asia Minor. Mr. Wells s plant 
is not exactly the same as that represented m the Botanical 
Cabinet, differing from it in being a little more glaucous on 
the under side of the leaves, and m having the midnb 
covered beneath with long, scattered hairs. 

That the plant now figured, and those in the possession 
of Messrs. Loddiges, were really introduced from China 
there is no kind of doubt. But it does not to us appear by 



Azalea is a slight alteration of «|«A£#«, arid, and 
the dry rocky places in which the species are found. 



■>' 



any means 



that it is therefore 



of Ch 



as it is commonly believed to be; and for the following 
reasons. In the first place, no trace is to be found among 
the writers upon Chinese plants of such a thing as a yellow 
Azalea — a circumstance which is not likely to have occurred 
if so beautiful a species as the present had either been long 
cultivated in the Chinese Gardens, or been a native of their 
country. In the second place, this plant has as little affinity 
to the genuine Chinese Azaleas as it can have to remain in 
the same genus with them ; and thirdly, it does not seem 

practicable to distinguish it from the Azalea ponti 



from which it difters chiefly 



head of flowers bemg 



of 



more compact, its stamens shorter, and the upper segment 
of the corolla being spotted. We think it extremely pro- 
bable that these yellow Chinese Azaleas have found th 
W^ay to China from the Caucasus, by the intervention 
some of the Russian caravans which annually visit Nert- 
chinsk for the purpose of trading with the Chinese. 

L 

However this may be, we are clearly of opinion that it 
is not botanically separable from the species to which we 
have referred it. 

Probably quite hardy. Messrs. Loddiges have hitherto 
kept their plants in the Greenhouse; and the specimen 
from which this drawing was taken was also produced in 
a Conservatory : but we think there can be no reasonable 
doubt of its being as patient of cold as the species of which 
we consider it a variety. 

J. L. 









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1254 



VIOLA* praemorsa 



Bitten-rooted Violet. 



PENTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 



Nat, ord. Violaceje. 

VIOLA. — Supril, vol. l.foL 54. 



§ Cham^melakiu-1.— *S'/2>ma sphaeroideo-capitatum, utrinque fasci- 
culis pilorum onustum, foraminulo minuto sublaterali. Stylus compresso- 
clavatus. Stamina oblonga approximata. Torus planiusculus. Capsula 
ssep^ trigona. Folia seminalia ssepifis subrotunda. Petala 2, ungue bar- 

bata. — De Gingins in Dec. prodr. 1. 300. ^ . . . - 

V. prcBmorsa ; caule simplici erecto, foliis ovato-oblongis petiolatis hirsutis 

integris, capsulis pubescentibus. 
V. prcemorsa. Douglas in herb. Hort. Soc. 

Radix crassa, carnosa, pr^Bmorsa. Herba perenniSy subacaulis, yillosa. 
Folia ovato-oblonga, subrhomboidea, cucullata, obsolete dentata, petiolorum 
longitudine ; stipulse lanceolatce, integerrimce. Pedunculi foliis duplh 
longiores. Sepala linearia, pilosa. Corolla lutea, conspicua; petalis 
superioribus patentissiniis, inferior e cuneato basi stria to. Stigma capi^ 
tatum, utrinque pilosum. Capsula pubescens. 



A common plant, according to Mr. Douglas, in dry 
upland soils, under the shade of solitary Pine-trees on the 
banks of the Columbia, and the plains of the river Aguilar, 
in California, flowering in April. With us it is an exceed- 
ingly pretty perennial, hardy, and growing readily among 
rockwork, on the north side of large stones. 

Our drawing was made in the Garden of the Horticul- 
tural Society in 1828. 

The nearest affinity of this plant is, as Mr. Douglas 
informs us, with V. Nuttallii, from which it differs in being 



. * The 7« of the Greeks, which was our Viola odorata, gave rise to the 
name of Viola. 

VOL. XV. G 



V 



larger, and having more conspicuous flowers and a denser 
pubescence. 

Root thick and fleshy, praemorse. The whole plant 
densely pubescent, nearly stemless. Leaves oblong-ovate, 
obtuse, villous, distantly denticulated, about as long as the 
petioles. Stipules lanceolate, entire. Peduncles almost 
twice as long as the leaves. Flower large, yellow. Sepals 
linear, pilose. Petals widely spreading; the lower broader, 
with two streaks at the base, cuneate. Stigma capitate^ 
hairy on each side. Capsule oblong, pubescent. 

J . La, 



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1255 



TEUCRIUM* Orchideum 



Orchis-flowered Teucrium. 



DIDYNAMIA GYMNOSPERMIA. 

TEUCRIUM.-- Calyx 5-fidus, subsequalis. Corolla subunilabiata ; 
' tubo brevi ; labio superiore abbreviate bipartito ; laciniis lateraliter reflexis ; 

^ labio inferiore trilobo; lobo intermedio majore. 5^a7«ma 4, didynama, 



herbce. Folia 



1 opposit 



k fissura labii superioris exserta. Frutices, suttrutices, aui neru«. ruua 

ovvosita. Flores axillares, verticillati aut terminales capttato-congestt, 



V. verticillato spicati. CoroUae albida, jiavida 



synops 



dentibus calycis ovatis, limbo corollae 5-lobo secundo labelliformi, 
floribus axiUaribus solitariis, caule suffruticoso. ^,.t^,j,,,,,„h„ 

Suffrutex herbaceus, erectus, ramosus. Foha utrtnque ^^^P^^l''^^^'^' 
nunc oblonga, integerrima, crenntave nuncjMa, ^J^!^. "'.^^/^t/ 
Flores soUtc^ii, axillares, brevissimi pedtcellati, fobis breviores. C^yx 
campanulatus, \ S-partitus, dentibus ovatis. Corolla pubescens, lutescens, 
rubra varieaata. limbo toto aperto labelliformi. 



A half-hardy greenhouse plant, flowering in the open 
border, in July, August, and September. It is a native of 
Chile, whence seeds were brought to the Horticultura 
Society, in 1826, by Mr. James M'Rae who found it 

^ the neighbourhood both of Conception and 



common m 



Valparaiso. * 

An herbaceous under-shrub, branching a good deal 
and growing in an upright manner. Leaves pubescent or 
each side, sometimes oblong and entire, or crenated, some 



* Teucrium is one of the few instances, among the ancients of plants 



being 



by the herb nw^ 



V 



i 



times 3-lobed, the lateral lobes being short. Flowers 



tary, £ 
leaves. 



illary 
Caly 



very short stalks, not so long as the 



campanulat 



half 



parted, with ovate 



teeth. Corolla pubescent, yellowish, variegated with red 
its limb spread open, so as to resemble the labellum of an 
Orchideous plant. 

Our drawing was made in August 1828, in the Garden 
of the Horticultural Society. It is increased by cuttings. 

J. L. 



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1256 



/ 



STERCULIA* lanceolata. 



Lanceolate Sterculia. 



MONOECIA MONADELPHJA 



Nat. ord. Sterculiace^. 
STERCULIA. — Suprd, vol. 3. fol. 185. 



S. lanceolata ; foliis integerrimis lanceolatis, carpellis oblongis oligosperrais 

1 

dissert. 5. p. 187. t. 143. /. 1. Spreng. syst 



Decand. prodr. 1. 481. 
S. lanceolata. Cavanilles 
3.81. 

Arbor mediocris, ramis teretibus, glahris. Folia august^ lanceolata v. 
oblongo-Ianceolata, acuminata, membranacea, utrinque glaberrimaf petiolata ; 
petiolisque utrinque tumidis. Flores parviy paniculis parvis pilosis dispositi. 



Tubro-fasci. Csetera Sterculice. 



^> 



r 

This species is a native of China, whence it was brought 
to the Horticultural Society, in 1822, by Mr. John Potts, 
one of their collectors. It is a stove tree, producing its 
inconspicuous, dull-red flowers in May and June: the 
foliage is remarkably like that of Reevesia chinensis, and 
constitutes its only claim to notice as an ornamental garden 
plant, unless it should hereafter produce ripe fruits, which, 
according to Cavanilles, are bright scarlet, with black round 
seeds, that stick to each side of the follicle when it opens. 

It was first described by this writer from a Chinese 
drawing sent to Jussieu by the Father D'Incarville, m 
which the leaves are much smaller than those here repre- 
sented ; but we have seen the size of the leaves of the 
cultivated plant vary so much, that we cannot attach any 
value to that circumstance. 

Professor Sprengel refers to this the Helicteres undulata 



• So called from the foetid smell of some of the species. 



of Loureiro ; but if the S . lanceolata was only known to 
that Botanist by the figure of Cavanilles, it cannot be 
doubted that he has mistaken the undulation of the fruit 
for that of the leaves. 

A small tree, with taper, smooth branches. Leaves nar- 
rowly lanceolate, or oblong-lanceolate, acuminate, mem- 
branous, quite smooth on each side, stalked, the petioles 
tumid at each end. Flowers small, arranged in small hairy 
panicles. Cali/:pes stellate, spreading, reddish brown. 



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1257 



HOSACKIA* bicolor. 



F 

Two-coloured Hosackia 



DIADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 



Nat. ord. Leguminosx. § Lotece. 

HOSA CKIA. — Calyx campanulatus 5-fidus. Alee vexillum subaequantes 
patentes. Carina rostrata. Stylus filiformis. Stigma capitatum, Legu* 

men cylindraceum, v. subcompressum, rectum, Iceve. Herbse, foliis 

imparl pihnatis, foliolis scepiils alterniSy stipulis membranaceis minutis aut 
obsoletis. — Bentham MSS. 



H. bicolor ; glabra, floribus umbellatis ebracteatis, foliis 7-9-foliolatis 

Bentham MSS. 
Hosackia bicolor. Douglas in herb. Hort. Soc. 
Lotus pinnatus. Hooker in bot. mag. 2913. 



** The whole plant glabrous. Root soft and creeping. Stems ascending, 
a foot and a half long, branching at the base, flexuose, terete, striate. 
Leaves pinnate, with 2, 3, or 4 pair of leaflets, nearly opposite, with a 
terminal one at a short distance from the last pair ; leaflets nearly sessile, 
oblong or obovate, obtuse or mucronate. Stipules small, membranaceous. 
Peduncles axillary, about the length of the leaves. Flowers from 6 to 10, 
in umbels, pendulous, on short pedicels, without any or with very small 
membranaceous bractese at the base of the umbel. Calyx campanulate, 
rather fleshy at the base, the rest slightly membranaceous, with 5 rather 
unequal teeth, the two upper ones being less deeply cleft, and rather longer; 
the two lateral teeth, and the inferior one, equal and linear. Petals on long 
claws, that of the vexillum distant from the others. Vexillum yellow, ovate, 
spreading, and thrown back on the calyx. AIcb white, spreading, oblong, 
undulate on the margins. Carina yellow, rostrate, nearly as long as the alee. 
Stamina diadelphous, the solitary one generally without any anther. Style 
incurved, filiform. Stigma capitate. Legume straight, or slightly incurved, 
about two inches long.*' — Bentham. 

A pretty perennial plant, found by Mr. Douglas in overflowed meadows 



^ 



Dedicated by Mr. Douglas to David Hosack, M.D., F.R.S., &c., of 
New York, a gentleman to whom the scientific men of North America owe 
the same gratitude as those of England did to Sir Joseph Banks. 






between Fort Vancouver and the grand rapids of the Columbia. It is 
quite hardy, and easily increased by seeds. Our drawing was made in 
the Garden of the Horticultural Society, in August 1824. 



4 - 



For the characters of the genus, and for the following valuable remarks, 
we are indebted to our friend Mr. George Bentham, who has studied that 
portion of Leguminosse to which Hosackia belongs with much care : — 

** This plant has much of the habit, as well as the inflorescence and 
fruit, of a Lotus, to which genus Dr. Hooker has referred it in the Botanical 
Magazine ; but, independently of the characters which may be drawn from 
the position of the alae, and the capitate stigma, the pinnate, not ternate, 
leaves, and the absence of the large foliaceous stipulae of Lotus, — cha- 
racters which appear to be of importance among most of the Leguminosse,— 
perhaps alone suffice for the adoption of the genus Hosackia proposed 
by Mr. Douglas. 

" To this genus should be referred the Lotus sericeus of Pursh, which [ 

Nuttall, on account of the position of the alae, transferred to Trio-onella, 
under the name of T. americana, but which differs from the other "species 
of that genus by its fruit being cylindrical, and not reticulate, the size of 
the carma, and its general habit. The leaves in this species are generally tri- 
foholate ; but then the two lower leaflets are seldom opposite, as in the truly 
trifoliolate genera; and in the leaves of the more robust specimens, a fourth, 
and even a fifth leaflet may often be observed : the stipules are so small as 
scarcely to be visible. 

" Specimens of this species were also brought by Mr. Douglas from 
the North-west coast of America, as well as of two other species, which 
may be referred to the same genus, distinguishing them by the following 
characters : — 

1. H. bicolor (tab. 1257); glabra, floribus umbellatis ebracteatis foliis 7-9- 
foliolatis, 

2. H. decumbens; pubescens, floribus umbellatis bracte^ l-S-foliolata foliis 
4-5-foliolatis. 

^Foliola altema. Stipulce minutissimse aut nullse. Calyx profundi 5-fidus, 
laciniis linearibus sequalibus villosis. Petalorujn forma fer^ ut in H. bicolore. 
Filamenta omnia antherifera. 

3. H. Purshiana; pubescens, pedunculis l-floris bractea sub flore mono- 
phylia, calyce villoso, foliis 3- raro 4-5-foliolatis. 

totus sericeus. Pursh. Jlor. 2. p. 489. 

Trigonella americana. Nutt. gen. 2. p. 120. Ser. in Dec. prodr. 

Foliola ssepiiis altema. Stipulae minutissimae aut nullse. Calyx vil- 
losus, laciniis linearibus corollam subsequantibus. Corolla parva petalis vix 
stipitutis. Stigma capitatum. 

4. H. parviflora; glaberrima, pedunculis l-floris, bractea sub flore ssepiiis 
3-foliolata, calyce subglabro, foliis 4-6-foliolatis. 
Radix tuberculis pisiformibus munita. Planta tota glaberrima glau- 

StipulcB minutissimae aut nuUae. 



cescens 



Calyx suhglabev, laciniis brevibus parc^ pilosis. Corollant in H. Purshiana, 
sed minor. Stigma capitatum." 

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1258 



PERSEA* gratissima. 



The Avocado Pea7\ 



ENNEANDRIA MONOGYNIA 



Nat, ord. Laurine^. 

PERSEA Plumier. — F/ores hermaphroditi. Cahjx limbo sexpartito 

saepiiis inaequali persistente aut deciduo. Stamina 12, duplici serie 4is- 
posita; interiorum tria laciniis interioribus opposita sterilia; tria laciniis 
exterioribus opposita fertilia basi glandulosa. AnthercB quadriloculares. 
Stigma subcapitatum. Drupa calyce persistente sexlobo suffulta. 
Arbores, foliis alternis^ magis minusve coriaceis, integerrimis^ exstipulatis ; 
pedunculis axillaribus et terminalihus, scepiils paniculatis et corymbosis. 
Kunth. synops. 1. 453. 



r 

P. gratissima; foliis elliptico-oblongis obtusiusculis subtiis birto-pubes- 
centibus glaucescentibusque, floribus corymbosis axillaribus, calycibus 
externe cano-tomentosis, fructu pyriformi. Kunth. 1. c. 

Laurus Persea. Jacq. obs. L p. 37. Swartz ohs. 152. Willd. sp. pL 
2.480. ^ ■ 

Persea gratissima. GcBrtn.Jil.fruct.2.p.222. 

Laurus? foliis oblongo-ovatis, fructu obvers^ ovato, pericarpio butyraceo. 

Browne jamaic. p. 214:. 

The Albecato, Abacado, or Avocado Pear. Sloane jamaic. 2. 133. /. 222. 
/. 2. • 



The Avocado, or, as it is often called, Alligator Pear, 
is one of the most esteemed fruits of the West Indies. In 
this country it is only cultivated in the stove, of which it is 
one of the rarest species. 

Our drawing was made in the princely Garden of his 
Grace the Duke of Northumberland, at Syon,— an esta- 
blishment which, whether we view it with regard to the 



The xi^a-Mx, or ^i^Ax, of the Greeks, was a fruit-tree brought out of 
^Ethiopia by the first inhabitants of Egypt; and is supposed to have been the 
Cordia myxa of moderns. But why the name should have been applied to 
an American plant,' it would be ditBcult to explain. 



Botanical or Horticultural interest that attaches to it, pro- 
mises to be soon the most important, as it is already the 
most magnificent, in Europe. 

T 

Sir Hans Sloane thus speaks of the Avocado : — 

" This tree grows commonly to the size of our largest 
apple-trees in Europe, and spreads pretty wide at the top. 
The branches are very succulent and soft, the leaves 
oblong and veiny, and the fruit of the form of a pear ; but 



the pulp is covered with a tough skinny coat, and contains 



a large rugged seed, which is wrapped up in one or two 
thin membranous covers. The fruit of this tree is one of 
those that is held in the greatest esteem amongst all sorts 
of people in these colonies : the pulp is of a pretty firm 
consistence, and has a delicate rich flavour ; it gains upon 
the palates of most people, and becomes soon agreeable 
even to those who cannot like it at first ; but is so rich and 
mild, that most people make use of some spice or pungent 
substance to give it a poignancy; and for this purpose, 
some make use of wine, some of sugar^ some of lime-juice, 
but most of pepper and salt. Most sorts of creatures are 
observed to feed on this fruit with pleasure ; and it seems 
equally agreeable to the horse, the cow, the dog, and the 
cat, as well as to all sorts of birds; and when plenty, makes 
a great part of the delicacies of the negroes. 



from the 



The tree requires some c; 

to raise it to perfect! 



rich soil, and a warm 
It was first introduced 



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1259 



BUDDLEA* heterophylla. 



Various-leaved Buddlea. 



• TETRANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

I Nat, Ord, ScROPHULARINEiE, 

BUDDLEA Linn. — Calyx quadrifidus sequalis. Corolla campanulata 
aut tubulosa ; limbo quadrifido, regulari. Stamina 4, sequalia, inclusa, 
rarissim^ (in B. salicifoli^) exserta. Stigma capitatum aut clavatum. 
Capsula bilocularis, septicidb bivalvis ; valvis bifidis ; placenta central! 

demilni libera. Arbores frutices aut herbse, ramis foliis^-we oppositis 

integris. Flores terminates , paniculati, sapiUs capitato-conglomeratiy rarius 
axillares, verticillati. CoxoXh^ flavid<B aut albidce. — Kunth synops. 2, 110. 



B. heterophylla; ramis teretibus lanatis, foliis subtils lanatis infenoribus 
cordato-oblongis acuminatis denticulatis superioribus ovato-laneeolatis 
subintegerrimis, floribus spicato-paniculatis lanatis. 
Frutex ramis diffusis, nullo modo tetragonis. Folia suprd suhpilosa 

incana superiora vel basi ovata v. attenuata. Flores lutei. 



The native country of this plant is not known : we 
presume it is South America, from its great resemblance 
to B. americana and its allies, from all of which, however, 
it is specifically distinct. 

It is a handsome stove plant, flowering from January 
till May. Our drawing was made in Mr. Lee's Nursery. 

Particularly distinguished by the difference in form 
between its upper and lower leaves, and by its taper 
branches and bright-yellow flowers, both densely covered 
with down. The young flowering shoots have a pendulous 
direction, which adds much to the beauty of the plant. 

J. L. 



Herbarium 



So called after Adam Buddie, an ancient English 



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PENTSTEMON* confertum 



Clustered-flowered Pentstemon. 



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DIDYNAMIA ANGIOSPERMIA. 



Nat. ord. Scrophularine^. 
PENTSTEMON.— Supra, vol. 13. foL 1121 



A 



l/J 




integerrimis glabris : radicalibus spatulatis acuminatis 



longfe petiolatis, superioribus sessilibus ovatis acuminatis, verticillis multi- 

floris confertis subaphyllis, corolla calyce paul6 longiore, 
P. confertum. " 



Perennis. 



Douglas in herb. Hort. Soc. 

Caulis erectuSj simplex, ascendens, teres, viridis, lucens, 
pedalis bipedalisve. Folia radicalia lanceolata, in petiolo attenuata, inte- 
gerrima, longk petiolata ; caulina subamplexicaulia, in btacteis laceris, 
membranaceis, acuminatis, demilm 7nutata. 

subsessiles, numerosi. Calyx laciniis acutis, mucronatis, sublaceris, v. Ji\ 
briatis. Corolla tubulosa, subventricosa, pallide ochroleuca, bilabiata, 
extils glabra ; labio superiore bilobo, inferiore pilis brunneis harbato. 
Antherae glabrce, lobis divaricatis. Rudimentum staminis S-ti apice supernd 
barbatum. 



%fertz 



Douglas. 



**: 



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4 



A very common plant, according 



Mr. D 



o 



in 



open 




in mountainous Pine woods, in dry sandy 
between Salmon River and tiie Kettle Falls in the 
Columbia, in the 48° north lat. ; also in the valleys of the 
Rocky Mountains, in similar soil, at an elevation of 7000 
feet above the level of the sea: flowering in July and 
August. 

It was 



introduced by its d 



jr in 1827, in the 
the Garden of the 



autumn of which year it flowered in 

Horticultural Society, where our drawing was made. 

It is by no means one of the handsomest of the genus ; 
but it is a truly distinct species. 



♦ See fol. 1245. 



! 



A hardy perennial, propagated by seeds and division of 
the roots. It will grow in any common garden soil. 

" Stem erect, simple, smooth, green, and glossy, varying 
in height from 1 to 2 feet. Radical leaves lanceolate, 
tapering to the base, quite smooth and entire, on long 
stalks ; cauline leaves sessile, somewhat amplexicaul, ovate- 
acuminate, passing into membranous, lacerated, acuminate 
bractese. Flowers terminal, crowded, whorled, neaf 
sessile, numerous. Segments of the calyx acute, mucronate, 
slightly lacerated or fringed. Corolla tubular, somewhat 
ventricose, pale yellow, smooth externally ; the upper lip 
2-lobed, the lower bearded with brown hairs. Stamens as 
long as the tube ; anthers smooth, with divaricating lobes. 
The rudiment bearded on the upper side at the apex, 

longer than the perfect ones." — Douglas. 

J. L. 




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1261 



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LOWEA* berberifdlia. 



Berherry-leaved Lowea. 



ICOSANDRIA POLYGYNIA. 



Nat. ord. Rosaceje. 

LOWE A. — Folia simplicia exstipulata. Aculei seepifis compositi 

Ccetera Rosse. 



Lowea berberifolia. 

Rosa simplicifolia. Salish. hort, allert. 359. Parad. Lond. 101. Olivier 

voyage 5. 49. abL t. 43. 
R, berberifolia. Pallas in nov. act. Petr. 10. 379. t. 10. /. 5. 

1063. Ait. Kew. ed. alt. 3. 258. Smith in Rees in /. 



Willd. 



sp. pL 2. 

Redouts ros. 1. 27- t. 2. Lindley Rosarum monogr. p. 1. ecf. gall. p. 23. 

Decand. prodr. 2. 602. Spreng. syst. 2. 546. Wallroth monogr. p. 25. 



< ' 



This rare plant is a native exclusively of a few districts in the 
north of Persia, and of the desert of Songari in Chinese Tartary. 
From the latter place we possess specimens collected by Shankin, 
an officer employed by the Russian government in surveymg the 
province ; and of the former, the plate that accompanies this article 
is a representation. It was taken from a plant that flowered in 
August 1828, in the Garden of the Horticultural Society, where it 
had been raised from seed sent home by Sir Henry WiUock. 

The Persian plant differs in some respects from the Songaresc 
one, especially in being more glaucous ; and the plants raised from 
the Persian seeds of Mr. Willock varied among each other m several 
slight particulars, — none of which, however, were of any interest in 
a Botanical point of view. 



top 



to its genus, and, secondly, to its cultivation. In the latter respect 



than 



Lowe 



University of Cambridge ; a gentleman now resident in Ma 
,<P Rotaninal investigations of that island we expect important 



introduction. It resists cultivation in a remarkable manner, sub- 
mitting permanently neither to budding, nor grafting, nor laying, 
nor striking from cuttings ; nor, in short, to any of those operations, 
one or other of which succeed with other plants. Drought does not 
suit it, it does not thrive in wet ; heat has no beneficial effect, cold 
no prejudicial influence; care does not improve it, neglect does not 
injure it. Of all the numerous seedlings that were raised by the 
Horticultural Society from Mr. Willock's seeds, and distributed, 
scarcely a plant remains aUve. Two are still growing in a peat 
border in the Chiswick Garden ; but they are languishing and 
unhealthy ; and we confess, that observation of them in a living 
state for nearly four years has not suggested a single method of 
improving the cultivation of the species. 

As to its genus, it is well known, that since the days of Linnaeus 
the characters of the genera of flowering plants have been exclusively 
taken from the organs of fructification, while those of vegetation 
have been rigorously excluded. This has arisen from the former 
having been supposed in all cases more constant in their modifica- 
tions, and less subject to variation, than the latter. No other reason 
can be assigned for the value thus exclusively ascribed to the organs 
of fructification. It is, however, time that Botanists should dis- 
embarrass themselves of this ancient prejudice, and admit publicly 
that by which they are constantly influenced in private 
important modifications of the organs of vegetation are suji 



that 



offructif 



dm 



Of this the Indian Cypripediums are one instance, the genus 
Negundium is another, and the subject of this article is a third. 
The structure of its flower is in every respect that of a Rose ; but its 
foliage is not even that of a Rosaceous plant, there being no trace of 
stipulse. The simple leaves are not analogous to the terminal pinna 
of a rose-leaf, for there is no trace of the articulation upon their 

f)etiole, which is required to indicate a reduction of a compound 
eaf, as we find in Berberis; neither can they be considered confluent 
stipulee, for their venation is not what would be found under such 
circumstances, but precisely that of an ordinary leaf. 

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1262 



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PENTSTEMON* glanduldsum 



Glandular Pentstemon 



4 




DIDYNAMIA ANGIOSPERMIA. 



Nat. ord. Scrophularineje* 
PENTSTEMON. — Suprh, vol. 13. fol. 1121. 



P. glandulosum ; glanduloso-pubescens, foliis radicalibus ovatis gross^ 
dentatis, caulinis amplexicaulibus acutis subintegerrimis, sepalis capsulae 
glabrae subaequalibus, corollis ventricosis, rudimento glabro, 
P. glandulosum. Douglas in herb. Hart. Sac. 

Perenne ; undigue, capmld salvd^ pilis brevibus, mollibuSj gtandulosis 
obsitum. Caulis strictuSy bipedalis v. ultrti, teres* Folia radicalia ovata^ 
breviter petiolataj gross^ dentata; caulina cordato-ovataf acuta, amplexi- 
caulia, inferiorihus paululhm dentatis, superioribus int^gerrimis. Flores 
terminales et axillares, racemoso-paniculati ; MmheiivXh pednnculatis , scBpius 
trijioris, foliis longioreSy bast bracteatis. Calyx laxus, laciniis ovatis, 
capsules maturcE cequalibus. Corolla magna, ventricosa. Digitalis instar, 
pallid^ rosea, inths purpureo vittata ; fauce subcompressd ; limbo bilabiato, 
labio superiore bilobo, lobis conniventibus, infcriore tripartito, majore laciniis 
lateralibus incurvis super mediant subincumbentibus . Antherae albce, ciliatce, 
Rudimentum rectum, glabrum, spatulatum. Capsula ovata, glabra. Semina 

angulata* 



Of the various discoveries that have resulted from the 
journey of Mr. Douglas to the north-west coast of America, 
the new species of Lupinus and Pentstemon will probably 
be found the most interesting to the cultivator, in con-^ 
sequence of the great beauty and variety of their forms,' 
and their hardy habits. Natives of a country, the mean 
temperature of which is supposed to be very like that of 
Great Britain, they seem as well adapted to our climate 
as to their own, and flourish as gaily on the fertile margin 



See fol. 1245 



VOL. XV. II 



of the Thames as on the rude banks of the Columbia and 
Multnomah. 

We are informed by Mr. Douglas, that " this hand- 
some and strongly marked species, in its native country is 
not so plentiful as many others. In the dry, gravelly, or 
rocky channels of mountain torrents in the Rocky Moun- 
tains, lat. 47° north, and at the base of the Blue Moun- 
tains on the banks of the Kooskooskee river, 6300 feet 



above the level of 



frequently 



j» 



Introduced in 1827. It flowered in the Garden of the 
Horticultural Society for the first time in June 1829, where 
our drawing was made. 

It is a hardy perennial, increased by seeds, or division 
of its roots. 

^ ■ 

f '^^u ^"'i^'^i^^ ^'^* ""^ ^^^ Pentstemons that have been 
tound by ^Ir. Douglas, and which are now growing in the 

Garden of the Horticultural Society, will shew the extent 
to which our Gardens have been enriched with them. 

P. glandulosum. Fol. 1262. 
triphyllum. Suprd, fol. \2A5. 
confertum. Suprd,foL \2QQ. 
difFusum. Suprd, fol. \\Z2. 
Richardsonii. Supn), fol. 1121. 
Scouleri. 

ovatum . 
speciosum. 

acuminatum, 
venustum. 
pruinosum. 
deustum. 

r 

attenuatum. . • 



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" Whole plant clothed with fine, soft, silky, glandular 
Jiairs. ^tem erect, two and a half to three feet high, 
round, ot a reddish rusty colour where exposed to the * 

sun greenish above. Radical leaves ovate, on short foot- 

V^^^^'a ' ^""^ "^^^""^y veinless, widely and coarsely 
lootned ; caulme leaves amplexicaul, ovate, acute, broader 

T.ol %T ^"^^ ""^'^ fi^^^y to^tlied than the radical f 

eaves, blowers in a very long, terminal, densely clustered 

^n^l, """'^ "^'^^ dark purple streaks in the inside. 
JSiacteas cordate, entire. Peduncles erect. Pedicels mostly 







\ 



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f 



5 or 7, together. Segments of the cali/x broadly ovate, 
very large, linear, somewhat longer than the perfect cap- 
sule, slightly contracted about the tube of the corolla. 
Corolla coweved on the outside with a short, glandular, 
viscid pubescence. Tube contracted, channelled on the 
upper side. Faux ventricose, slightly flattened at the 
mouth. Limb 2-lipped; upper lip bifid, with smaller 
revolute laciniae ; under lip trifid, with larger laciniae. 
Filaments curved. Anthers kidney-shaped before expan- 
sion, white^ valves ciliated. Rudiment longer than the 
fertile filaments, straight, white, naked and flattened or 
spatulate at the apex. Capsule large. Seeds numerous 
and angular." — Douglas. 

J. L. 



Note. 

In describing Bnddlea heteropkyllay fol. 1259, we overlooked the 
B. madagascariensis of the Botanical Magazine, t. 2824, which is evidently 
the same plant. But while we indicate the synonym, we remain of our first 
opinion, that the species is an undescribed one : B. madagascariensis of 
Lamarck and Vahl is described with 4-cornered branches, and leaves smooth 
and shining above ; while B. heterophylla has taper branches, and leaves 
downy above. It is undoubtedly true, that the lower leaves of B. hetero- 
phylla become smooth ; but neither Lamarck nor Vahl appear to have 
seen them, or they would have noticed the remarkable difference in form 
that exists between the upper and lower leaves. 



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1263 



RIBES* cereum. 



Waaiy Currant. 



* 



PENTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 



Nat. ord, GuossuLACEit. 
RIBES. — Suprd, vol. 2, foL 125. 



R. cereum ; inerme, foliis subrotundis crenatis sublobatis glanduloso-pubes- 
centibus basi truncatis integerrimis, racemis cernuis pedunculatis pauci- 
floris umbellatis, bracteis ovatis tomentosis, calycibus tubulosis coloratis 
pubescentibus. 
R. cereum. Douglas in herb. Hort, Soc. 

Frutex humiliSy undique rore cereo pruinosus. Rami inermes, cortice 
fusco degluhente, YoWdi petiolata, suhrotunday crenata, pubescentia, adultis 
glabris lobatis; petioli pubescent es. Flores albi^ in racemis cernuis, ^-5~JloriSy 
umbellatis, pedicello glanduloso insidentibus dispositi; bractece ovatcBy to- 
m€ntoS(B, apice dentatce, ovariis longiores. Calyx tubulosus, cylindraceus, 
ovario duplb longior, pubescens, glandulosus. Stylus inclusus, Baccee 
parvcB, sphcericcBy glabrce, calyce longo coronatcB. 



A small hardy shrub, native of dry rocks on the north- 
west of North America, from the great falls of the Columbia 
to the Rocky Mountains, where it was discovered by 
Mr. Douglas. It flowered for the first time in April of 
the present year, in the Garden of the Horticultural So- 
ciety, where our drawing was made. 

The cultivated plant agrees entirely with the native 
specimens brought home by Mr. Douglas. It is one of 
the most distinctly marked of the genus. 

Branches unarmed, with the old bark peeling off; when 
young covered, as all the rest of the plant, with a white 
waxy exudation. Leaves stalked, roundish, crenate, pubes- 
cent, when full-grown smooth and lobed; petioles downy. 



* See fol. 1237. 



V 



Fiowei^s white, arranged in cernuous, 4-5-flowered, umbelled 
racemes, which are seated upon a glandular peduncle ; 
bracteae ovate, downy, toothed at the end, longer than the 

Calyx tubular, cylindrical, twice as long as the 



ovaries. 



ovarium, pubescent and glandular. Berries small, round, 
smooth, crowned by the long calyx. 

J. L. 



Note. 

We are informed by Mr. Otto, that the Gesneria macrostachya of foL 
1202 of this work had been previously published in the Transactions of the 
Prussian Horticultural Society ^ under the name of G. latifolia of Martins. 



^ 

H n 

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1264 ■ 




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1264 



ARGEMONE* grandifldra 



^ 
# 



■ i 

Large-flowered Memcan Poppy, ^ 



POLYANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 



Nat. ord, Papaverace^, 

ARGEMONE Unn. — Sepala 2-3 concava, mucrone superata, pills- 
aculeiformibus aspera. ^ Petala 4-6. Stamina 00. Ovaritun ovatum, stig- 
matibus 4-7, radiantibus persistentibus concavis liberis (nee super discum 
sessilibus) coronatum.' Capsula ovata, l-locularls, valvulis apice dehiscens,, 

placentis linearibus. Semina sphaerica, strophiolata. Herba annua, 

succo Jlavescente donata, in caule, foliis, et calyce pilis rigidis subaculeata.^ 
Folia sessilia penninervia, repando-sinuata, sinubus dentato-spinulosis, scBpe 
albo maculata aut picta. Peduneuli axillares^ semper erecti, nee ante 
anthesin inflexo-cernui, Flores Jlavi aut albi. — Dec. syst. 2. 85. 



•^ 



t-. 



A. grandiflora ; foliis oblongis pinnatifidis planis pauci-dentatis, calycibus 
inermibus; \ 

A. grandiflora. Hort. angl. • -t 

Caulis erectus, teres, glaher, pallida viridis, undique striis aciculanbus, 
purpureis notatus. 'Folia oblonga, pinnatifida, medio maculata, pauci- 
dentata."^ Flores terminales, subterni, matutini, hibracteolati. Calyx 
caducus, tricornis, triphyllus, pallid^ viridis. inermis. Petala magna, alba, 
membranacea, subplicata, sex, duplici sene. Stamina plurima, brevia, 
Jiypogyna, antheris basi insertis, apice gyratis. Ovarium \-loculare, 
placentis 4 parietalibus polyspermis. Stigmata 4, lunata, incurva, sessiha 
(incurid pictoris tria in icone). , 

'A \ ^ i 



> 



This is one of the multitude of fine plants with which 
our Gardens have been enriched by the importations of 
Robert Barclay, Esq. of Bury Hill. It is one of the most 
ornamental hardy annuals we are acquainted with, and far 
superior to any other of the Poppy tribe, except Esch- 



scholtzia californica 



M 



r 



A native of Mexico,nHowering from June to September 



• So called from argema, or a cataract of the eye, which it has been 
thought to cure. 



Our drawing was made from specimens communicated 
by Mr. Barclay, in August 1827. 

Stem erect, taper, smooth, pale green, marked all over 
with fine purple streaks, like what would be produced by 
the point of a needle. Leaves oblong, pinnatifid, spotted 
with white in the middle, few- toothed. Flowers terminal, 
usually growing in threes, opening in the morning, each 
with two small bractege. Calyj^ deciduous, 3-horned, 
3-leaved, pale green, unarmed. Petals large, white, mem- 
branous, somewhat plaited, consisting of 6, in two rows. 
Stamens numerous, short, hypogynous ; anthers inserted by 
their base, rolled up at their apex. Ovarium 1 -celled, 
with 4 parietal polyspermous placentas. Stigmas 4, lunate, 
incurved, sessile (not 3, as is inaccurately represented in 
the figure). 

J. L. 



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1265 



HELIANTHUS* lenticularis. 



Californian Sun-flower 




SYNGENESIA POLYGAMJA FRUSTRANEA. 



Nat. ord. CoMPOSiTiE. § CorymhifercB. 
HELIANTHUS.— Suprd, vol. 6. fol. 508. 



H. lenticularis; annuus, foliis ovatis acuminatls grosse serratis hispidis 

tripliveniis, pedunculis monocephalis sequalibus. 
H. lenticularis. Douglas in herb. Hort. Soc, 

Annuus. Caulis erectus, orgyalis v. ultrd., hispidus. Folia ovataf longe 
petiolata, gross^ serrata, hispida, triplivenia. Capitula pedunculo hispido 
insidentia, basi bibracteata. Involucram squarrosum, planum, foliolis 
ovatis, cuspidatis, hispidis. Flosculi radii 36, acuminati. Palese tri- 
dentatce, fiosculis disci paulb breviores. Flosculi disci limbo i7itils atro- 
purpureo, extiis luteo. Pappus Ucornis. 



This species of annual Sun-flower is nearly related to 

H. tubaeformis, from which, according to Mr. Douglas, it 

'' differs in not having the leaves cordate at the base, or the 

f peduncle fistular and thickened. It is a handsome plant, 

growing in the Gardens 6 feet high, with much smaller 
flowers than those of H. annuus. It was introduced by 
Mr. Douglas from North-west America in 1827. Our 
drawing was made in the Garden of the Horticultural 
Society, in August 1828. 

We are informed by its discoverer that it is a variable 
plant, abounding over the greater part of the temperate 
countries situated in the interior and western coast of 
North America. In sandy parched ground it is a diminu- 
tive, annual, scarcely a foot high ; while on the banks of 



' 1 

* From nXic^, the sun, and ivS*5, a flower ; in allusion to the singular 
phenomenon of the flowers of this genus turning to the sun in the morning, 
and following him through his course in the day. 



w 



_< 



streams, or on the margin of lakes, particularly in deer or 
buffalo ground, it attains the height of 6 or 8 feet. 

The native tribes that inhabit the interior of North Cali- 
fornia apply the grains to the same purpose as that for 
which we are informed by Nuttall the Indians of the 



M 



use H . tubaeformis 



They 



them in the 



autumn, and dry them on heated stones, or in wooden 
troughs with small embers, stirring them with a stick to 
prevent their burning. When dried, they are pounded and 
made into a sort of cake which is not unpleasant. 

Stem erect, as high as a man or higher, hispid. Leaves 



ovate, on long stalks 



rsely serrated, hispid, tripl 



vemed. Heads placed upon a hispid peduncle, with two 



leafy bracteae at their base. . Involucrum squ 
the leaflets ovate, cuspidate, hispid. Florets ofth 
acuminate. Palece 3-toothed, rather shorter than t] 



flat. 



the disk ; these dark purple in the inside of their limb 



yellow on the outside. Pappus 2-horned 



J. L. 



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1266 



SCOTTIA* angustifdlia 



■ M 

Narrow-leaved Scottia. 






MONOGYNIA 




■i i 



iVa<. ord. Leguminos^.' § Lotece. 
SCOTTIA. — Supri, vol. 15. fol. 1 




% 



X * 



/ '* 



S. a/i^M5fi/bZia; foliisHneari-oblongisbasi truncatis. 

Frutex virgatus, ramulis verrucoso-exasperatis, filif ormibus. .^toWo. 
lineari-ohlonga, hasi truncata, glabra, revoluta, in<2qualiter denticulata, 
subsessilia. Flores solitarii, axillares, omnino S. dentatse, serf pmid 



mmores. 



\ 







For this beautiful addition* to an interesting genus, the 
public is indebted to Mr. Mackay, of the Clapton Nursery, 
by whom it was raised from New Holland seeds. 

Rather a prettier plant than S. dentata, figured at fol 
1233 of this work, from which it differs prmcipally m the 
outline of its leaves. Like that species, it is a hardy green- 
house plant, and worthy of a place in every good collection. 

A twiggy shrub, with rough, '^ minutely warted filiform 
branchlets. Leaves linear-oblong, truncate at the base, 
smooth, with a t6othletted, revolute margin nearly sessile 
Flowers solitary, axillary, quite those of S. dentata, but 
rather smaller. 

Our drawing was made at tiie Clapton Nursery, in 
January of the present year. \ 




■\ 



• See fol. 1233. 






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1267 



4 



CAMELLIA* japonica punctata 



Gray's Invincihle Camellia. 



MONADELPHIA MONOGYNIA. 



Nat. Ord. TERNSTROMIACEiE. 

CAMELLIA. — Suprd, vol 1. fol. 22 



Camellia japonica. Vide suprd, vol. I. fol. 22. 

V. Fetalis subcarneis rubro maculatis punctatisque, intenonbus contortis, 

staminibus interjectis. 



t( 



The variety of Camellia japonica here represented 
was raised in 1824 by Mr. George Press, Gardener to 
Edward Gray, Esq., F.H.S., Harringay House, Hornsey, 
from seed of the semidouble red, impregnated with the 
pollen of the single white ; to the latter of which it has 
considerable resemblance both in its growth and habit. 

*' The leaves are thick, smooth, and of a dark shining 
green colour, usually about 3^ inches long, and 2 inches 
broad, convex, and nearly oval, with moderately large ser- 
ratures, and a sharp recurved point. They are seldom 
undulated like the leaves of the single white, but have 
similar prominent veins, and a strong, pale green midrib. 
Petiole about f ths of an inch long, a little flattened above, 
otherwise quite round, and of the same colour as the 
midrib and veins. 

^ " Flower-buds large, roundish oval, covered with 7 or 

8 roundish concave, densely pubescent, yellowish green 

scales, slightly tinged with pale red at their edges. Ihe 

fowers when fully expanded vary from 3 to 4 inches in 



* This genus is named in commemoration of the services rendered to the 
Botany of his time by Father Kamel, a Moravian Jesuit, and traveller in 
Asia. He flourished at the end of the seventeenth century. 



diameter, and are of a very delicate blush colour, almost 
white ; striped, and slightly spotted with pale rose, in the 
manner of what is known by Florists as a rose flake carna- 
tion. The exterior petals are nearly round, or but a very 
little cordate, and spread almost flat ; each of them is 
upwards of an inch in diameter. The interior petals are 
numerous, and of an irregular shape, some of them being 
comparatively large, and roundish, often a little compressed 
and undulated ; others are small, narrow, pointed, and 
incurved. They do not lie flat over one another, but are 
loosely arranged in a cluster, similar to the petals in the 
centre of the flower of the Pompone Camellia represented 
at fol. 22 of this work, although not so upright or compact. 
In some of the flowers, a few parcels of stamina may be 
sometimes observed ; but they are for the most part all 
transformed into small narrow petals." 

For the above account of this plant we are obliged to 
Mr. W. B. Booth, of the Horticultural Society's Garden, 
who has studied the varieties of Camellia more attentively 
than any other person, and who, in conjunction with 
Mr. Chandler, jun., is preparing a fine illustrated work 
upon the subject, which we have no doubt will do both the 
authors credit. 

J. L. 



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£1^^ ^y f Jj^'-r.yfMf M' ^^ . ^"?U>CO^J^j^ , :^^j , -f./rr'^C}. 



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1268 



- V 



PIMELEA* humilis. 



, ' 



Lowly Pimelea. 



DIANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Nat. ord. Thymel^^. 

PIMELEA Banks et Solander. — Perianthium infundibuliforme, limbo 

4-fido, fauce esquamata. Stamina duo fauci inserta, laciniis exterioribus 

opposila. Stylus lateralis. Stigma capitatum. Nux corticata, rar6 bac- 

cata, -Frutices. Folia opposita, rarb alterna. Flores capitati, ter- 

minales, foliis involucrantibus, scepc dissimilibuSy interdum connatiSy rariUs 

spicati V. axillareSy quandoque dioici. Perianthii tubus in plerisqiie medio 

-articulatuSj articulo inferiore persistente. — R. Brown prodr. 1. 359. 



§ 2. Folia opposita. Capitulum terminale. Folia floralia 

rameis subsimilia. ' . , 

P. humilis ; foliis utrinque glabris oblongis obtusis ; floralibus ovalibus intus 
villosiusculis, perianthiis sericeis, caule erecto subsimplici, ramis pubes- 
centibus. R. Brown I c. Romer et Schultes, 1. 274. Spreng. sysL 

1. 92. 

Frutex humilis^ ramulis simplicibzts, erectis. Folia tmbricata, ovato- 
oblonga, stibtiis convcxa, glauca, glabra. Involucri foliola conformia, mtus 
sericea, margine ciliafa. Flores pauci, 8-10, sericei^ basi glabru Stamina 



hrevi 



la. 



Our drawing of this was made at the Comte de Vandes' 
in June 1828. 

A low greenhouse shrub, native of New Holland, whence 
it has been introduced within a few years. Like the rest 
of its genus, it is cultivated without any difficulty in peat 
and loam, and propagates readily by cuttings. 

We refer this to P. humilis, solely by Mr. Brown's brief 
diagnosis, with which it agrees tolerably well ; not having 



* A name said to be derived from 5r<^£A«, fat ; for the application of 



which there seems to be no intelligible reason. 



seen any authentic specimen : in some respects it approaches 
P. glauca, especially as that species is figured by Mrs. 
Rudge in the LinrKzan Transactions ; but the subject of the 
present article is not referable to the same section as the 
true P. glauca of Mr. Brown. 

A low shrub, with simple, erect branches. Leaves im- 
bricated, ovate-oblong, convex beneath, glaucous, smooth. 
Leaflets of the involucrum of the same form as the rest, 
silky within, and ciliated at the margin. Flowers few, 
8-10, silky, naked at the base. Stamens short. 

J. L. 



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C?U/^ f(7u^^U.^_y 7S^ ^if^C^H-^VA^ Vc/. 




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1269 



FUCHSIA* microph/Ua. 



SmaUeamd Fuchsia. 



>/■■ 



k 



OCTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 



^at. ord. Onagr 



ARI£. 



FUCHSIA. 



t 



V 



SuprH, vol 10. fol 847. 



I 



F. microphylla ; ramulis pubescentibus, foliis petiolatis ovatis denticulatis 
utrinque glabris, floribus solitarijs axillaribus foliis paul6 longioribus, 
calycis tubo campanulato : laciniis erectis, petalis dentatis, retusis, 

' staminibus inclusis, stigmate 4-partito. 

F. microphylla. Humb. Bonpt et KuntL n. g. et sp. 6. 103. /. 534. 
JDecand. prodr. 3. 36. , 

Frutex dumosuSj dense foliosus. ^ Ramuli puhescentes, teretes. Folia 
peholata, ovata, glaberriynay denticulaia, acuta^ v. obtusa, ^ Flores soiitarii, 
axillares^ pendulij pedunculis pubescentibus. Ovarium atropurpureum, 
globosum. Calyx campanulatuSy purpureo-roseus, limbo erectOj tubo bre- 
vtorcy laciniis ovatis^ ucutis. Petala atrorosea, retusa, bi- tri-dentata, 
calycis laciniarum longitudine. Stamina inclusa serie dupliciy 4 petalis 
altemis et in eodem verticillo, 4 ad bases petalorum. Stigma A-partitum. 



A native of the volcanic mountain Jorullo, in Mexico, 
where it was found growing" by Messrs. Humboldt and 



,1 



Leonhard Fuchs was a Bavarian Botanist and Physician, born at 
Wembdingen in 1501, and died in 1566. He is best known for his Historia 
Stirpiuniy a work filled with figures of plants in outline, cut upon wood, 
which were excellent for their time, and had the merit of being the first that 
were executed of the natural size. The original edition of this remarkable 



Leyd 



ppeared 



in the same year; another at Lyons the year before; and an octavo Spanish 
version was brought out at Antwerp in 1557. The learned Sprengel speaks 
thus of Fuchsius : — *^ Vatiniano ^odio prosequutus Arabes, quos impias 
bestias vocat, ad Grsecos fontes' ubique ablegat ; acerrim^ reprehendit 

rei medicae damno, plantarum veterum nomina 



recentiores qui, summo 
traduxerint ad Germanicas 




and 



Eo potissi- 



sun as 



^v - — .- ^^^^ ^m- -WT -^ X -■- ^^r ^^m-^^-^^ 1 ^v -H .- H 

studia converteret, atque icones daret, non suratuosas, sed fidissimas, unibris 
partium solis expressis, in quo con^ilio ita adjutus fuit k Rod. Specklin, 
-Argentinensi, ut ipsse etiam partes espentiales non negligerentur.** 



VOL. xy. 



Bonpland at the height of between 3 and 4000 feet above 
the level of the sea. It has been recently raised in this 
country by R. Barclay, Esq. of Bury Hill, and Mr. Mackay 
of the Clapton Nursery. Our drawing was made at 
Mr. Mackay's ; and we are indebted to Mr. Barclay for 
fine specimens. 

As a garden plant, this is in. our estimation by far the 

most interesting species in cultivation ; destitute indeed of 

the glaring colour and nodding flowers of F. gracilis and 

coccinea, but possessing a rich deep green foliage, among 

which the little glowing, ruby-coloured flowers are crowded 
in 



the greatest profu 
Like all the species h 



known, it is 



tly 



greenhouse plant : it will thrive out of doors in a warm 



summer, but it cannot bear much frost: and mu 



be 



kept in health and beauty, be nursed in the winter as other 



greenhouse pi 



It increases rapidly by 



and will soon be as common as the other kinds 

A small densely leafy shrub. Twigs pubescent, tap 
Leaves stalked, ovate, quite smooth, toothletted 
obtuse. 

cent peduncles. Ova7 



Floivers solitary, axillary, pendulous, with pub 



panulate, a deep rich ruby red 



dark purple, globose 



Caly. 



limb erect, shorter 



than the tube, its segments ovate, acute. Petals deep 

, 2- or 3-toothed, the length of the segments 
£. Stamens included in a double row. 4 alter- 



rose, 



of the calyx. 

nate with the petals, and in the same whorl 

of the petals. Stigma 4-parted. 



the bases 



J.L 



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1270 



PENTST^MON* specidsum. 



Shewy Pentstemon. 



't 



I 

V 



DIDYNAMIA ANGIOSPERMIA. 



■> 



Nat. ord. Scropiiulauine^e. 
PENTSTEMON. — Suprii, vol 13. foL 1121. 



P. speciosum; glaucum, glabrumj foliis integerrimis ; radicalibus spatulatis ; 
caulinis lanceolatis subundulatis sessilibus, floribus verticillatim panicu- 
latis, corollse lobis subeequalibus rotundatis, rudimento glaberrimo, 
P. speciosum. Douglas in herb. Hort* Soc. 

Herba perennisj glauca^ glaberrima. Folia radicalia spatulato-lanceo- 
lafa^ integerrima; caulina angusta, sessiliaj subcomplicata^ undulafa, acu- 
minata. Caulis erectuSy 2-3'pedalis. Flores speciosissimi^ dispositi in 
cymis mulfifloris axillaribus^ spicatim ad Jastigiitm caulis ordinatis. Se- 
pala 5, cequaliay imbricata, ovata^ marginata^ cuspidata. Corolla unciam 
longa, ccelestina in rubro versicolor, tuho injlato, limbo 2'labiato, lobis 
rotundatis, subcequalibuSy palato prominente^ glabro. Stamina fertilia et 
rudimentum glaberrima. Ovarium ovato-cylindraceum. Stylus piirjpureus, 

Jiliformis, glaber. Stigma simplex. 



A fine perennial species, native of the banks of the 
Spokan river, in North-west America, whence it was sent 
by Mr. Douglas to the Horticultural Society in 1827. It 
flowered in the Chiswick Garden from June to September : 
our drawing was made in July- 

In consequence of the great number of flowering stems 
and flowers which this plant produces, it increases little by 
the root, so that its propagation will depend upon the 
saving its seeds, which are brought forth in abundance. 

It is quite hardy, and grows in common garden soil. 

A perennial, glaucous, very smooth plant. Radical leaves 
spatulate, lanceolate, quite entire, the cauline narrow, 



See fol. 1245 



I 



sessile, somewhat folded together, und 



acuminate 



Stems erect, 2 or 3 feet 



hig 



Flowers very shewy, in 



axillary, many-flowered cymes, arranged in a spicate 



ner at the summit of the stem. Sepals 5, equal, imbri 
cated, ovate, edged with a membrane, terminating in ai 
abrupt point. Corolla about an inch long, sky blue, vary 
ing to red; the tube inflated, the limb 2-lipped, its lobei 
rounded, nearly equal, the palate prominent, smooth 
fertile stamens and the rudiment perfectly smooth . O 



The 




ylindrical. Style purple, filiform, smooth 



Stig 






J. L. 



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1271 



ACiENA* pinnatifida. 



Pinnatifid Acoina. 



iriANDRIA, TRIANDRIA, TETRANDRIA, PENTANDRIA, &c, 

MONO-DI-GYNIA. 



AC^NA Vahl. 



Corolla 0. Stamina 2-10. 



Carpella \-2, intri 

Fructus 



Nat. ord. RosACEiE. .§ Sangidsorhece . 

—Calyx basi squamosus, tubo persistente ssepiilis glochi- 

dato, limbo 4-partito. 

tubum calycis inclusa. Stylus terminalis. Stigma plumosum. 

indehiscens k nuce constans monosperraa intr^ calycem induratum glochi- 

datum V. tuberculatum inctusa. Semen pendulum. Herbae v, sufFrutices, 

humiles. Folia impari-pinnata ; foliolis serratis. Floras capitato-racemosi, 
rarb solitarii, kerbacei^ antheris magnis purpureis. 



I 



pinna tijid 



laciniis linearibus, capitulis spicatis; inferioribus remotis, floribus 5-10- 



Dec. prodr. 2. 592. 



andris, fructibus undique glochidatis. 
Acsena pinnatifida. FL Peruv. 1. /. 104. y. 

Schlecht. et Cham. LinncBa 2. 29. 

Caulis ascendens, foliosuSj undique pilis sericeis tectuSy ut et reliquce partes. 
Folia 4-5-juga ; foliolis scepius A-partitis, nunc tripartitis, in quihusdam 
5'partitis, quod rariiis ; inferioribus minorihus altemisy nunc integris. Flores 
hermaphroditic interrupt^ spicati. Spica e capitulis constansy apice aggre- 
gatis, versus basin remotis, demum in axillis foliorum depauperatorum 

uni" bi'floris. Calvx inf^'^"*'^ hnc^ hrnrff>7Q 'nlnrihns. imhricatis. scariosis^ 

pilosis munituSj tubo si 



fructu in- 



durato^ limbo patents, S-phyllo, foliolis 
pilosis. Petala 0. Stamina 5-10, numer 



fc 



insert a 



filiformia decumbentia ; antherae 



subquadratrB, biloculares, longitudinaliter dehiscentes. Ovarium solitarium, 
intrd tubum calycis inclusum; ovulo solitario, pendulo. Stylus cum ovario 
continuus, et ex apice ejus ortus; stigma magnum, hfimbriis plurimis constans* 



V, 




^ 



V 

A half-tender herbaceous plant, native of Chile, where 
it was first found by the authors of the Flora Peruviana^ 
by whom it has been figured and described in their great 



\ 



♦ »/ 



Akxi^oc Signifies a ; 
account of its spiny fruit. 









b -— ' 



& 



work. The introduction of it to the Gardens of this 
country is due to the Horticultural Society, in whose 
collection at Chiswick, where our drawing was made in 
May 1828, it had been raised from seeds collected in Chile 
by Mr. M'Rae. It is increased by cuttings of its half- 
woody leafy stem, or by division of the roots, or by seeds : 
during the summer it grows well in the open border, but 
it will not live there in the winter. 

M. DecandoUe, in framing the character of this genus,, 
in his Prodromus, has unfortunately adopted the error, 
which, we believe, originated with Forster, of mistakin 
the calycine segments for petals, and the spines of the 
tube of the calyx for the real divisions of that organ ; — an 
error avoided by Willdenow, and the learned authors of 
the Hortus Kewensis, but followed by Vahl, and all the 
later German editors of the Species Pla'ntarum. ..The 
analogy of Acaena with Alchemilla, Sanguisorba, and 
other apetalous genera of Rosaceae, first led us to doubt 
the presence of its supposed petals ; and the examination 
of this, and some other species, has now confirmed the 
suspicion that no petals exist ; as, we find, has also been 
pointed out by the learned editor of the Linncea. 

In the Herbarium of the Horticultural Society there is 
an Acaena, found near Conception by Mr. M'Rae, which 
differs from A. pinnatifida in its more dense habit, in its 
leaves being white, with long hairs, and in its somewhat 
larger flowers. This is no doubt the plant spoken of by 
Schlechtendahl and Chamisso {LinncEa 2. p. 30.), as having 
been found by the latter at Talcaguano, and as being the 
A. trifida of the Flora Peruviana : if this be so, that species 
can be scarcely more than a variety of A. pinnatifida, from 
which it does not appear to us to possess any essential 
mark of distinction. 

In the same collection, but from the Baths of Collina, 
near the limits of the snow, exists a plant also resembling 
A. pinnatifida, but differing from it in not having its leaflets 
deeply 3-5-fid, but regularly and sharply inciso-serrate. 
This, we presume, is really a distinct species, which may 
be defined thus : 



A. i 



* A 4 ' ^ 

incisa; erecta sericea, foliis 6-7-jugis, foiiolis oblongis cuneatis inciso 
serrutis, capitulis spicatis ; inferioribus remotis. ■ 



\ 



I 



! 



I 



,\ 



r 



n ' 



We have also from Dr. Gillies, from Mendoza, a species 
of Acaena, belonging to the same set as the foregoing, but 
characterised by its finely cut leaves, and more numerous 
leaflets : this may be recorded thus : 

A. myriophylla; erecta pubescens, foliis 7-9-jugis, foliolis linearlbus alt^ 
pinnatifidis ; laciniis angustissimis subtiis sericeis, spica cylindracea 
basi interrupta, fructibus ovalibus tomentosis glochidatis. 

The following is the description of the Acaena pinna- 
tifida as it appears in our Gardens : — 

An herbaceous plant, becoming slightly pubescent at 
the base. Stem ascending, leafy, covered all over with 
silky hairs, as are all the other parts. Leaves in 4-5 pairs ; 
leaflets usually 4-parted, sometimes 3-parted, occasionally 
5-parted, but this is not common; the lower leaflets 
smaller, alternate, and sometimes entire. Flowers herma- 
phrodite, in interrupted spikes. Spike formed of several 
heads, clustered at the top, becoming remote towards the 
base, and finally changing to one or two axillary flowers. 
Calj/.v inferior, having at its base several imbricated, hairy, 
scarious bracteae; the tube 4-cornered, verrucose, thick- 
ened, becoming indurated in the fruit ; the limb spreading, 
5-parted, the divisions green, polished inside, hairy without. 
Petals none. Stamens 5-10, uncertain in number, inserted 
into the contracted tube of the calyx ; filaments filiform, 
decumbent; anthers large, dark purple, nearly square 
2-celled, dehiscing lengthwise. Ovarium solitary, mcluded 
within the tube of the calyx, with a solitary pendulous 
ovulum. Style continuous with the ovarium ; stigma large, 
formed of a bundle of long fringes. 

This genus oflers an illustration of what is called the 
certainty and precision (! !) of the Linnaean system of Botany, 
which is highly amusing. Perhaps some of our friends at 
Liverpool, the last stronghold of the remnant of the followers 
of the great Swedish Naturalist, will inform us to what 
Linnaean class Acaena should be referred. 



r^ 






i 



t ■ 



■^ 




■' 



'* 



> 






?-^ 



1272 



i 



^ 



X 



♦ 



^ 



THERMOPSIS* fabacea. 



>i 



km 



1 > 

Bean-leaved Thermopsis. 



\ 



- ^^. 



i 




DECANDBIA MONOGYNIA 



\ 



Nat. ord. Leguminosje; 
THERMOPSIS R. Br 




iore«. 



Calyx oblongus, campanulatusve, 4-5-fidusy 
subbilabiatus, postice convexus, basi attenuatus. Petala 5, snbsequalia^ 
vexillo lateribus reflexis, caring obtusa. Stamina persistentia. Legumen 



compressum lalcatum aut lineare polyspermum. 

villos<B. Folia trifoliata. Stipulce ovato-lanceoi 
terminaleSy ^oxih\y% pedicellatis geyninis aut subverticillatis fi\ 
prodr. 2. 99. * i 



Herbse , 

foliacece. Racemi 



Dec and. 



I 



T. Jabacea; foliis petiolatis, foliolis lato-ovalibus, stipulis lato-ovatis obtusis 

petiolo brevioribus, racemo alternifloro. Dec. L c. 
Sophora fabacea. *' Pall. astr. p. 122. t. 90. / 2." ' 

Herba perenhisy 2'3-pedaliSy radice repente. Caulis erectuSj fiexuosus. 
Folia trifolzolata^ nunc 5-foliolata ; stipulis ovatis^foliaceis; foliolis oblongis, 
obtusis, V. obovatis, subtils minute pubescentibus , venis glabris, Racemi 
axillares, foliis multb longioreSf subverticiUati. Calyces sericeiy dentilms 
ovatis. Corolla lutea^ glaberrima. Legumina erecta:, S-uncialiaj linearia, 
pubescentiay compressay stylo curvoy glabro, inSurato apiculafa* 






3 



A 



ot the north-eastern side of Asia, and the 



north-western of America. It has been found by Russian 



collectors in Kamtchatka arid the Kurile Islands 
Mr. Douglas sent specimens and seeds from the neighb 
hood of the 



and 



Columbia, whpre it was discovered, as we 
from his Herbarium, in the possession of the Horti- 



cultural Society 



dry channels . of mountam 



the valleys of the Blue Mountains 



It is a good herbaceous' plant, remarkable for the 







I 



> 



\ 



©gg^oj, a lupine, and i'^''^? *^^ appearance ; in reference to the Lupine- 



like aspect of the genus 



V 



r 



ness of its foliage and flowers. Sometimes its leaves are 
quinate, as represented in the plate. 

The Thermopsis laburnifolia of Mr. Don, which has 
also been named Thermopsis napaulensis by M. Decan- 
dolle, is, as we have shewn in the Transactions of the Horti- 
cultural Society f a genuine species of Anagyris, and should 
be called Anagyris iridica. 

Easily increased by division of its creeping roots. 



A perennial, growing 



feet high, with creeping 



roots. Stem erect, flexuose. Leaves 3-leaved. sometimes 



leaved ; stipule 



leafy; leaflets oblong, obtuse 



F^ 



obovate, . minutely downy beneath, with smooth veins. 
Racemes axillary, much longer than the leaves, somewhat 

Corolla 



verticillate. Caly 



Iky, with ovate teeth 



3 inches long, linear. 



yellow, quite smooth. Pods 

pubescent, compressed, tipped with the indurated, smooth 

curved style. 

J. L 




^ 






/- 



f^ii^ly 




^^y /^^ ^Uoa^:/^^^ i^C^^ . /. 




y. ;^^^< .^. 



I* 



t 

■t 



1273 



TABERNiEMONTANA* densifldra 



V 



Close-flowered TahervKEmontana 






v-^ 



PENTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 




Nat, ord. Avocys'em. ■ 

TABERNMMONTANA. — Suprcl, vol 4. foL 338 



d _\ ^ J 



t 



> 

T. densiflora ; foliis lanceolatis acuminatis approximatis nunc ternatls, cyma 
multiflor^ brev^ pedunculata, laciniis calycis bracteisque lineari-lanceo- 
latis acutis, coroUse limbo tubum subsequante, foUiculis monospermis. 



Wallich MSS. 






V 

\ 



A 



A curious new species, introduced in 1824 by the Honourable Court of 
Directors of the East India Company, by whom it was presented to the 
Horticultural Society, in Vhose Garden at Chiswick our drawing was made 
in June 1827. ^ 





rom the common 



T. coronaria, of the agreeable perfume of which it is entirely destitute. 
Propagated by cuttings. / ? 7 



Dr. Wallich has been so kind as to favour us with the tollowmg inter- 
esting account of this and the other Indian species ; the greater part either 

wholly new, or now described for the first time. 

- . i . J, L, 

r 

L 

r 

" I am in some doubt as to the part of India from which this pretty shrub was 
introduced into the Honourable Company's Botanic Garden at Calcutta, I suspect, 
however, that it was brought from Ceylon, as I have seen a specimen in the Herbarium 
of my friend Mr. Lindley, which was collected on that island by Mr. M'Rae. 

The following are the East Indian species of Tabemflemontana that have come under 

my own observation : — .^W" ^ 

1. T. coronaria* Willd- -^W^ 

This is a very common shrub in gardens 
have found it seemingly wild in the forests ot Ijower i>iipai, aouut xxetounun, mm ai 

Singapore. 

2- T. recurva. Roxb. Hort. Beng. p. 20. 

T. gratissimm. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. vol. 13. p. 1084. 
A native of the district of Chittagong in Bengal, from whence it was sent to the 

Calcutta Garden by the late Dr. Hamilton. 

3. T. crispa. Roxb. Hort. Beng. p, 20 r . .- i ^ i- • 

paucifloris, pediceUis elongatis, calyce profundi S-partito : lacmus lato-ovatis fohaceis 
Dr. Roxburgh says, in his MS. Flora Indica, that he knows not from whence 



I 



undnlatis acutis, pedunculis 



* James Theodoras (commonly called Tabernamontanns, from Bergzabern 
the place of his birth) was a Botanist of the sixteenth century, whose works 
&unk into oblivion. He died in 1590. 






large shrub was introduced into the Calcutta Garden. He quotes, however, Rheede's 
Curutu Pala as a synonyme, which points out 3Ialabar as the native country. 

4. T» persicariafolia, Jacq. 

I have received specimens which were gathered at the Isle of France by my friend 
C. Telfair, Esq. ^ ^ 

5. T. dichotoma. Roxb. Hort. Beng. p. 20 — Foliis oblongis obtusis coriaceis lucidis 
subtus parallel^ et transverse multinervosis, cyma elongata dichotomy laciniis calycis 
obtusis, corollae oblongo-falcatis tubum aequantibus. 

This grows to the size of 12 to 16 feet, with a peculiarly dark and glossy foliage, and 
yeUowish, dehghtfully fragrant flowers. It is a native of Ceylon and JMalabar. 

6. T. corymbosa. Roxb. MSS. — Foliis oblongo^llipticis obtuse acuminatis deSrsim 
valde attenuatis, cym4 multiflori longe pedunculate, laciniis calycis ovatis acutiusculis, 
corollae subovatis tubo triplo brevioribus. 



Island. 



Wales 



^> 



, .7'. T^' Heyneana. WaU — Foliis ovato-lanceolatis acuminatis, pedunculis paucifloris, 
lacimis calycis rotundatis obtusis, coroU2e obovatis crispatis tubum subaequantibus. 

Specimens of this are presenred in the late Dr. Heyne's coUecuon in the Company's 
Museum, under the name of T. corymbosa. In the same Herbarium there are specimens 
under the same name, of a species in fruit, which is probably distinct, having oblong 
conaceous, and lucid leaves, and ovate, short-pointed fruit, about an inch long. This 
species might be called T. ohlonga. ^ 

1 l' ^K- ^f/"'"""""- \^a"- — FoUis ovalibns utrinque obtusissimis, pedunculis subaxil- 
Sb« uantibuT"^ furcatis, lacmus calycis ovatis obtusiusculis, coroUae oblongis tubum 

fr^^i'If^ T* '*?*a.*° "^ .^':°°' ^\^ Mauritius by Mr. Telfair. They seem to diflFer 
Irom the description of T. mauritiana Poir. / v c 

9. 1 . peduncularis. Wall. _ Foliis oblongo-lanceolatis gracillime acuminatis subtiis 



transverse nervosis, pedunculis 
pedicellatis 



Por^r.""'"'* "^ ^"^^ ^^°^"^' ^'■''°' "^^^"'^ specimens were sent to me by Mr. George 
lariJ!!; T-/r«^'¥°'-«- Wall. - Foliis oblongis subcaudato-acuminatis, pedunculis axil- 
liCadETri^USoH^^^^^^^^^^ '^'''^ '^^''^ «^-^ acutis,'<JroU. oblongis, 

it in fSiir on tW tm^ .1 Moolmeyn and Amherst, in Martaban. I have also met with 
of its identity ^^^^°' ^^^^"'"^ '^^ "'^ °^ '^^^' ^^'^°"^^ ^ ^"^ "«* quite certain 

pediVeilatTs su£"rt,l J,*"i ~ "*'"^' Z^"""?:^"*'''. P""*"°™"^ paucifloris, floribus breve 
rneSus rSt TnW ' ^^'="l"V '^t'j'"? bracteisque serius delabesceAtibus elongatis 
imearU)us, coroUae lobis lanceolatis limbo dimidio brevioribus 

GomerXnt .T". ^^-^^'if ^ *' Tavoy, on the coast of Tenasserim, by Mr. William 
^r' £,*"* collector m the employ of the Calcutta Garden. 



floris ladniis StnU « KV -T^?^'" lanceolatis gracillime acuminatis, pedunculis pauci- 
Ws lonSnrp LiSr! subligulatis, tubo corollae gracili medio staminifero et tumido limbo 
bis longiore, folhcuhs oblongis supra bicarinatis attenuato-rostratis. 
I found this very distinct species on the lime hills at Segaen. 

roni^^ LZ^^^^''^''' a ■ ^r "• ^ ^.?^"' oblongo-lanceolatis, pedunculis gracilibus apice 

Discovered at Tavoy by Mr. Gomez. 
14. T. densiflora. Wall. — See above. 

Avi ' ThetHlEr^SLKol: l^¥. Tjflt:^' ^ ^^ ^^' ^^^ ^-^' "- 

undutatU 8ul5?i?«:, •^f"-.-?'°"'f lineari-lanceolatis attenuato-acuminatissimls margine 
unauiatis subtus glaucis, laaniis calycis lanceolatis acutis 

undCTTh?namf o?T ''*™"^i^ ™^l^ '^''' ^'^ P""^^'-^^^ >° ^'- H«y°«'« Herbarium, 
Se HonouraWe EasT T^rV^''' ""'? "nexpanded flowers. I sent some of them home t^ 
me Honourable Last India Company's Museum in 1824, as a species of Almia 
,17. T. macroojrpa. Jack in Misc. Malayan, vol. 2. n. 8. p. 80 -Foliis ova 

basi attenuatis, corymbis terminalihns ^;.1,n.„,v,;.' f..ii:l.i:: _'?•_.: .,.' "Y*^ 



termma 

Bencoolen 



Foliis ovato-ellipticis 

ockLc. 
attains the size of a large tree. I have 
because 



dearest fripnd, T *v«r i,Vj • t a' "■ ,. \^'='-"^ uecause it was discovered by one of the 

vXrb e but verv Iht^f Unn ^*' ^f ^"f ^'"^ ^''^^''^^ «° ^^' ^^ as 18^ in a most 
valuable but very little known work. It has not been mentioned by any snbsequent 



I 

I 



1 

I 






? 



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y^ 







■ MJ^Czj^^.aO'. 






/ 



// 



r' 



I 



1274 



- * 



RIBES* tenuifldrum 



Scarlet-leaved Currant 



i 



td 









PENTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 



Nat. ord. GuossurACE^. S 

RIBES.—Suprd, vol 2. /oZ. 125. J / 



R. tenuijiorum ; inerme, foliis subrotundis trilobis farlnosis ; lobis apice 
obtus^ dentatis, racemis pendulis multifloris, calycibus tubulatis glabris 
pedicello longioribiis coloratis, petalis integerrimis calycis laciniis lineari- 
bus obtusis duplo brevioribus, baccis glabris. * 

Ribes tenuiflorum. Lindley in Hart. Trans, vol. 7. p. 242. 

Ribes aureutn. Colla Hort. Rip, app. 3. t. 1. A. nee aliorum. 



^ 



■ -A 



t 



This species has no doubt been* confounded by Botanists 
with R. aureum, with which it agrees in many respects. 
It has, however, been distinguished by M. Colla m his 
third Appendix to the Catalogue of Plants cultivated in his 
Garden at Ripuli ; but we think he errs in supposing it to 
be the type of R. aureum, as may, perhaps, be shewn by 
an examination of the history of that species. R. aureum 
was first described by Pursh, from specimens collected in 
the Missouri country by Lewis and Clarke, and from pl^ts 
which he saw growing in the Gardens of England. Now, 
although it is very possible that the specimens referred to 
by Pursh as having been seen by him, were R. tenuiflorum, 
yet he chiefly relied upon the garden plant for his descrip- 
tion and characters. That the garden plaiif seen by^ Pursh 
was the same species as that figured at t'. 125 of this work, 
there can be no doubt, it having been the only one in our 
Gardens when that Botanist was in England. The 
R. tenuiflorum was not introduced before 1824, when 
plants of it were obtained from an American Nurseryman 
by the Horticultural Society. Supposing Pursh io have 






« ' * 



* See fol. 1237. 



ifounded the two species, which is extremely probable, 
; the old garden plant should be taken as that which 
more particularly intended to describe. 

The names given by the American Gardeners to this 
species, such as Lewis's Scarlet Currant, Lewis's Yellow 
Currant, seem to attest its origin, and make it probable 
that it had been raised from seeds collected in Lewis and 
Clarke's expedition. This is rendered still more credible 
by its being the species found by Mr. Douglas in North- 
west America, if we may judge from the specimens in his 
Herbarium, and from plants in the Horticultural Society's 
Garden, raised from his seeds. This being the case, the 
remarks made by us in the Horticultural Transactions, upon 
Mr. Douglas's authority, concerning the excellent quality of 
the fruit of Ribes aureum when growing " upon high dry 
limestone rocks," should be applied to Ribes tenuiflorum. 

Upon further examination of the supposed variety of 
this species, the leaves of which change to scarlet in the 
autumn, we now incline to refer it rather to R. aureum, if, 
indeed, it be not a species by itself. 

About the same time as M. Colla published his ob- 
servations on this species, we had introduced it into a report 
made to the Horticultural Society upon the rare plants of 
their Garden ; from which communication we take the 
liberty of making the following extract : 

r 

*' In habit this species is more erect than R. aureum, 
and has the young wood more thinly clothed with leaves : 
its whole appearance is also paler during the early part of 
the year. — The leaves are nearly round, 3- or 5-lobed, when 
yOung covered with a kind of mealy bloom, when more 
advanced cordate at the base, and at all times, in the 
plants that I have examined, wholly destitute of pubescence. 
The flowers are not more than half the size of those of 
R. aureum, and have entire, not notcTied petals. The fruit 
is the size of thie Red Currant, with a thick skin, and a 
dense mucilaginous pulp, of an agreeable flavour, but pos- 
sessing little acidity, and far inferior to our cultivated 
Currants. The berries ripen about the middle of July. 

** There are two varieties, the one bearing black, and 
the other yellow, fruit ; the former changes from yellow to 
red, and finally acquires a deep blackish purple hue ; 

J. L. 



1 



the latter always retams its yellow colour." 



. 



/2^(f. 




Jt. ^£(Z^i^. c/e/'. 



f^U/y J: , /^.,^/,r,-rty /^. ^ ^,:, 4^ ^^. / /if^JI. 



^;#^^.. 



/ 






U75 



\ 



V, 



\ 



■,r 1 



LISSANTHE* sapida. 






\ 







> V 



J 

The Australian Cranberry. 



■^ 



^T- 





m 



"^ ■% '^ PENTANDRIA MOJ^OGYNIA. 



^ 



r 



f ■ ? 



Nat. ord. EpACRiDEiE. ,^ ^^ '' 

LISSANTHE R. Brown. — Ca/yx blbracteatu^ v. ebracteatus. Corolla 
infundibuliformis limbo imberbi. Ovarium 5-lociilare.' Drupa baccata, 

putamine osseo solido. Fruticuli erecti.f Folia sparsa, subtus lineata. 

Flores inter minohs, albi. Discus hypogymis, cyaihiformis, 5-lohus. — 
R^ Brown prodr. 540. ^ . " >, 

L. sapida; r^cemis 2-3-floris Vecurvis, foUis oblongo-Iinearibus mucronatis 

margine revolutis; subtds dealbatis striatis. R. Br. I. c. 
The Australian Cranberry. Library of entertaining knowledge ^ vol. 2. 




p. 421, -*^. , / » I r ^ 



^^ 



superfii 



sissime tectdy venis parallelis stratum inferius parenchymatis tantiim percur- 
rentibus. Racemi recurvi, 3-flori. Pedicelli breves^ bast bracteolis 4, duris, 
decussantibus muniti. Calyx S-phyllus^ sepalis parviSy ovatis, duris, pallidisy 
Toseo margijiatiSj imbricatis. CorpUa hypogyna, campanulata, medio paulh 
constricta, facile in petalis quinque separabilis, monopetala tamen, tubo 
inths lined transversd barbatd in medio. Stamina 5, ad sinus corollce sub- 



fii 



erae 



cyathiformi cinctum. Stylus leviter pilosus. 



\picem crassiores. Ovarium 



w^ 







This is a handsome greenhouse shrub, native of New 
Holland, in the vicinity of Port Jackson, flowering in this 
country in the winter months. The specimen here figured 
was communicated by Mr. Mackay, of the plapton Nur- 
sery, in December 1828. "- ^ * ^ 

The fruit is a succulent drupe, and is mentioned in 
the Library of Entertaining Knowledge, under the name of 



1 ^ ' . 

* From A^iToff, smooth, and ^y^df, a flower; in allusion to the polished 
surface of the corolla. 




very 



delicate 



the Australian Cranberry, as being '* of a 
peach-bloom colour, having something of the consistency 
and taste of the Siberian Crab." We wish, if it ripens its 
fruit in this country, it may be found worthy of even this 
description. 



Branches mouse 



tap 



Leaves 



inch 



long, quite smooth, coriaceous, linear, acute at each end, 
beneath whitish, the surface being covered by numerous 
minute stomata, and marked by parallel veins, which only 
traverse the lower stratum of parenchyma 
curved. 3-flowered. Pedicels short, having 



Racemes 
their base 



hard, decussating bracteae. Calya^ 5-leaved, the sepals 
small, ovate, hard, pale, bordered with pink, and over- 
lapping each other. Corolla hypogynous, campanulate, a 
little contracted in the middle, easily separable into 5 petals, 
being, however, truly monopetalous, the tube bearmg in 
the middle in the inside a bearded ring. Stamens 5, nearly 



the recesses of the 



traces of their fila 



ments being visible as far as the bearded ring 



Anthers 



1-celled, opening longitudinally, thickest at the apex 
Ov^y'iww seated in a cyathiform disk. Style slightly hairy 

*f, Li. 



^ 



^ 



^rJ 



■\ 







.^H 



1 



t 



\ 






IB '7'^. 




.i{/.,'7{^'d- aU/y. 



^U Af J Q.'a^y u/ay /^^ ^^jc-(/c///y Mr / /<92g. 



f.MUf. . 



/ ■ 



V 



% 



1276 






* ■ 



CANNA* specidsa. 



Shewy Canna. 



MONANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 



CANNA.— Suprd, vol 7. fol. 576. 



% 



■ 




I 



C. speciosa ; paniculi amplsi raraos^ uridique furfuraceo-pruinosa, bracteis 
laxis ventricosis subtruncatis, corolla 6-partita infundibuliformi bilabiate, 
laciniis labii superioris subforiiicatis retusis: inferiore recurvata emar- 
ginata, rachibus triquetris. — Wallich MSS. 
Canna speciosa.. Roscoe scit. Herbert in bot. mag. v. 49. t. 2317. Spreng. 
euros post. p. 5. ^^ \ ' 

Planta speciosa, 4-6-pedalis, quin ultrd, caule hasi crasso, superne in ramos 
plures simplices patulos payiiculatim ramosa. Folia lato-ooata, vel ovnto- 
lanceolata, in acumen breve gracile attenuata, jnembrmiaceo margmuluta, 
partlm undulata, basi rotundata, subamplexicaulia, inferiora pedulia bipe- 
dalia. Vaginee superiores spathacece, ramorum bases laxe amplexanfes, scBpb 
terminatcB lamind parvdfoliaced. Panicula ampla, etevata, omnibus partibus 
obtectis purpuraceo-pruinosis. Racemi multijlori, magni, ovafi, rachibus 
acuti trigonis, coloratis, pariLm flexuosis. Flores geminati, coccinet, /undo 
maculato-lutei, suffulti bracteis tribus membranaceis, calyce ovarioque valde 
furfuraceis, rufescentibus, subdiaphanis : exteriore fere pollicari, basin fas- 
ciculi laxk involvente, rotundato-ovatd, ventricosd, obtusissimd, subtruncatd; 
interioribus ovatis, istd multb minonbus. Calyx rufescens : lacinuB sub- 
tequales, lanceolate, acutce, semiunciales. Corolla fer^ 3-polhcans, tnfundi- 
buliformis, extHs parUm furfuracea. Tubus brevis, palbdus, Jlavescens. 
Limbus patulus; lacinice exteriores lanceolate, acuminate, totd corolld terttd 
breviores; una reliquis paullb minor; lacinice interiores due, superiores 
erecto-conjiiventes, concaviuscule , subfomicate, lanceolate, refuse, nunc 



rferius corollcB effii 



\a. ad 



.fi 



discum uti Jilamentum Jluuu ^w.^*^.^. - it- ji 

sed paullb brevius, et contrarid directione, i. e. mrsHm recurvum, obliqui 



terminatus 



\0y lineari. Capsula magna, densissimi echinata 
moUibus, obtusk trigona. Semina magna, a fra.— Wallich ^ 



Theis 



grass. We r 
down of Cana 



cana, a reed, or ratuer coiwu- 
*' her neck is white as the 



^ r- 



VOL. XV. K 



I 



Dr. Wallich remarks, in a communication with which 
has favoured us, and from which the above descript 



IS extracted, that 



Th 



stately and ornamental species 
grows wild in the valley of Nipal, and among the surround- 
ing mountains. It is also found in the province of Kamoon. 



It was introduced into the Calcutta Garden 



by 



the Honourable Edward Gardner, resident at the Court 



of Katmandoo. 

almost all the year round 



It is in blossom and ripens its fruit 



Our drawing was made in August last, from a plant in 
the Garden of the Horticultural Society, to which establish- 
ment it had been presented by the Honourable Court of 
Directors of the East India Company. 



It appears, from 



Ind 



drawing made under Dr 



Wallich's direction, that in its native country it becomes 
much larger plant than that from which the accompanying 
figure was taken, with a wide branching panicle, and broad 
furfuraceous or pruinose truncate bractese. 

J. L. 



V. 



*^ 



\ 



'^11 




ri/~j , 



H.: 



' . • "^Ci/zJ: ,:le^''. 



^''if 



/y- ^^^ .^ ^Z^-- , A 



J* r. 



' t 



^ 



y,-^ 



^ /„ 



t ■- 



/. 



/ 



y 



^0. 



I ' I 



1277 



PENTSTEMON* Scoul^ri 



Dr. Scouler*s Pentstemon. 








y- 



K 



\ 



I 



4 



DIDYNAMIA ANGIOSPERMIA 



Nat, ord. Scrophuxarineje. 



PENTSTEMON. 



Suprd.voL 13. foL 1131. 



P. Scouleri; sufFruticosum, foliis obovato-lanceolatis serrulatis supremis 
integerrimis obtusis, floribus solitariis racemosis, corollis ventricosis ser- 
rulatis, antheris lanatis. 

Chelone Scouleri. Douglas in herb. Hort. Soc. 

Suffruticosum; rami teretes; ramuli pilosiusculi. Folia lineari-lanceolata, 
obovatay acuta^ argutk serrata, nunc subintegerrima, supremis oblongisy 
obtusis y integerrimis, Bracteae linear i-lanceola tee, integrce, pedicellis bre- 
viores. Calyx S-phyllus^ sepalis acuminatis^ pubescentibus. Corolla j9«r- 
pureuj ferh % uncias longa, ventricosa, limbo bilabiato, labio superiors 
biloboy inferiore triloba, palato aperto, pubescente. Antherse lanuginosce. 
Semina angulata. ^ 



t„ 



^ 

Mr. Douglas considers this a species of Chelone ; and it 

doubtless approaches that genus in the structure of its 
anthers, and very much agrees with the plant already 
figured in this work under the name of C. nemorosa : 
but we have already stated that species to be a very 
doubtful Chelone ; and this we consider still more so. It 
is distinguished from Chelone by the form of the palate of 
the flower, and by its angular seeds, — circumstances which, 
taken together, are doubtless of more value than the single 

peculiarity of the anthers. 

\ ■ - . 

A native of the Kettle Falls of the Columbia, where it 

was found by Mr. Douglas. In its native country it is 

half shrubby, and would be the same with us in warm 

situations : it is, however, best considered as a perennial. 



See fol. 1245. 



i. 



It is very hardy, will grow in any soil, and propagates 
abundantly either by seeds or cuttings. It blossoms in 
May and June, and is one of the handsomest border flowers 
of that season. 

Gerardia fruticosa of Pursh is nearly related to this 
plant. 

The species was named by Mr. Douglas in honour of 
Dr. Scouler, the companion of his voyage to the west 
coast of America, who has, we understand, been recently 
appointed to the chair of Natural History in the University 
of Glasgow. 

J. L. 



J" 




1B'/6\ 




^/i^^^z^ 



■I 






>> 



Ji^^'.. 



!■ 




I 



1278 



/ 



RIBES* punctatum 



4 i 

Dotted Cui^rant. 



\» • ^'"^ 



f 
t 



PENTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 



■ 

Nat> Old. Grossulace^. \ 

RIBES. — Suprd, vol. 2. foL 125. \ 



. / 



R. punctatum; inerme, foliis trilobis serratis subtus bracteisque resinoso- 
glandulosis, spicis foliis longioribus, bracteis cuneato-oblongis obtusis 
post anthesin reflexis, calycibus campanulatis. 

R. punctatum. Fl. Peruv. p. 12. t. 233. /. a. Decand. prodr. 3. 482. 
Frutex erectus, inermis, in hortis 2-3-pedalis. Rami cinerei, pubes- 



centes. 



ba, acute serrata, subtus gianaui 
rmedio quasi trianqulari. Sp 



flm-cBy in cultd erectcB, in spontaned nutantes, foliis longiores, pubescentes. 
Bracteee membranacece , glandulosce , cuneato-oblongcB, floribus breviores, mox 
reflexce, demilm deciduce. Flores flavescentes . Calyx brevis, campanulatus , 
apertus, glaber. Petala minima, squami/ormia , integra. ^Ovarium ef baccca 
leviter glandulis resinosis irroratce. ""^//^ 




This shrub is a native of the high hills of Chile, about 
Valparaiso and Conception, where it was found by Mr. 
M'Rae, while stopping in that* country, in 1825. By him 
1^ seeds were transmitted to the Horticultural Society, m 

whose Garden they were raised. ^ 

A neat shrub, too impatient of cold to thrive in the 
open air, except in very sheltered situations. The plant from 
which our figure was taken was trained to a south wall. 

^ * We find this difference between the cultivated and wild 

plant, that in the former the spikes are erect, and in the 
fatter pendulous or nodding, the berries are red, and 

\ about the size of a red currant, but without any ment as 



fruit. 



w< 



Easily propagated by cuttings 



J. L 






See fol. 1237. 



V 




^7-^ 



«^ OiM.-'z. 




■ 



^.;^/^ ^^ 



' 1 



k 



\ 



: 



/ 



1279 



i 

GESNERIA* rutila ; var. atrosanguinea 



Brilliant Gesneria ; deep crimson variety 



% 



DIDYNAMIA ANGIOSPERMIA. 



T 

' Nat. ord. GesnerievE. 



GESNERIA. — Supra, vol. 4. fol. 329. 



G. rutila ; herbacea, hirsuta, foliis oppositis oblongis gross^ crenatis utrinque 
concoloribus, floribus axillaribus solitariis erectis, calycibus inflatis, 
coroUis pedicello longioribus. — Suprd, Jol. 1158. 

Var. Floribus saturate sanguineis, calycibus sanguineo marginatis. 



This fine plant is certainly a mere variety of G. rutila ; 
but its great beauty renders it worthy of being recorded. 

It is a native of Rio Janeiro, whence it was brought 
by Mr. J. Macculloch, Gardener to the Right Honourable 
Robert Gordon, by whom it was presented to the Horti- 
cultural Society. 

It is a tender stove plant, flowering in profusion in 
August and September. Our drawing was made in the 
Chiswick Garden, in the present year. 

■ J. Lt. 



^ 



• See fol. 1158.* 



1 



1^ 



\ 







J' 

fir 



\ 



/ 




U&Cr 



\ 



N 






' J 



■J 



■'■'W 



en / 



/ 



^ 



n:' 



y 



r^' 



i/- 



jy 




"J7 



\/' 



o ^ 



. / /dy^'d 



jm:^ 



p 



r, 



^ 






A 




A ^ 



^ 




[. 



1 



s 



1280 



PENTSTEMON* pruindsum 



Blue-leaved Pentstemon 



DIDYNAMIA ANGIOSPERMIA 



Nat. ord. ScrophularinejE. 
PENTSTEMON. — Suprd, vol. 13. fol. 1121 



P. pruinosum ; foliis csesiis, radicalibus petiolatis integris dentatisve, caulinis 
dentatis sessilibus, bracteis superioribus integris, floribus verticillatis, 
calycibus bracteisque villosis, coroUis glabris calycibus duplo longioribus; 
limbi laciniis rotundatis integris. 

P. pruinosum. Douglas in herb. Hart. Sac. 

Perennis ^- l^-pedalis, undique pruind ccesid irrorata. Folia radicalia 

c^spitosa, pubescentia, rigida, nunc, prcesertim in cultis, integerrima, nunc 

dentata. Verticillastra 7-8-Jlora. Floras cyanei. 



*■• 



This rivals the fine P. speciosum in the brilliancy of its 
colouring, and exceeds it in the neatness of its appearance. 
It was found by Mr. Douglas near the Priest's rapid of the 
Columbia, and by him sent to the Horticultural Society, in 
whose Garden our drawing was made in July last. 

It is perfectly hardy, and perennial ; but, like many of 
the newly-introduced species of this genus, is apt to exhaust 
itself so much in flowering as to become little better than 
a biennial. This may, however, be prevented by pinching 
a part of the flowering stems of each plant, upon their first 
appearance, -- a practice which may be advantageously 
adopted with regard to all plants having similar habits. 

It should be cultivated in a shady place, in some light 
soil, in which it will flower beautifully during all June, 
July, and August, ripening seeds in tolerable abundance. 

*• J. L. 



• See fol. 1245. 




13.81. 



/ 






^: 



■/ / 



/ 



''^■fj/i^ J .'U^J^Wiw/c'^' ^^.CCi/^.y/, ^' ... /./S9^^. 



J-^Pa^^ 



\ 



t 



1281 



IPOMOPSIS* elegans. 



Elegant Ipomopsis. 



}• 



PENTANDRIA MONOGYNIA^ 

Nat, ord. Polemoniace^. 

IPOMOPSIS. — Ca/yx 5-partilus, laciniis acuminatis, sinubus^^t angulis 
membranaceis. Corolla infundibuliformis, speciosa, calyce multo longior, 
decidua. Stamina 5, intrJl tubum corollee inserta. Capsula trilocularis, 

oligosperma. Herbee America septentrionalis, foliis pinnatifidis , floribus 

racemoso - paniculatis , bracteis subulatis ; coroUis speciosiSy ^ pubescentia 
glandulosd, ....,' ' ^ 



_ J 



I. elegans; floribus aggregatis paniculatls nutantibus, laciniis coroUse 



villosis. 



arachnoideo-t 



- ^ 



t^ 



Ipomopsis elegans. Smith exot/fi, t. 13. Mich, fi 
Gilia coronopifolia. Pers. synops. 1. 187. 



biennis 



iprh 



Soc. 

vix perennisy 3-pedalis, Folia radicalia ccBspitosa 
succulenta, pectinata. pilis arachnoideis svars^, vrm 



costam viltosa, superioribus indivisis. CauHs glanduloso-pilo^u^,^ 
paniculati, dggrtgati^ nutantes. Calyx glanduloso-pilosus. Corolfa' 
t longuy infundibuliformis, coccinea^ limbo suberecto, demilm recurvo, 
' acutis, maculatis. Stamina paulb exserta, intrci tubum inserta. 



A beautiful plant, native of both sides of the continent 
of North America : it was found by Mr. Douglas on the 
north-west coast, and sent by him to England in 1827. 
Our drawing was made in the Garden of the Horticultural 
Society in July last. 

It is unfortunately impatient of cultivation, being apt 
to die off, without apparent cause, during its flowering. 
Naturally it is perhaps perennial ; but with us, owing to 



Ipomsea, the well-known genus, and rl 



this cause, it does not survive beyond two years. The 
best method of cultivating it is found to be in cold damp 
soil under a wall. It will not live in peat or light soil. 

That this is the same as Dillenius formerly cultivated 
at Eltham, and as was afterwards published by Sir James 
Smith from specimens obtained from Mr. Lee's Nursery, 
we do not at all doubt. We have examined the Smithian 
Herbarium in the possession of the Linnaean Society, and 
the fragments therein preserved are clearly the same as 
the plant now figured. Mr. Douglas is, however, of 
opinion that his North-west plant is different from that 
of Carolina. 

With regard to its genus, it has been referred by Linnaeus 
to Polemonium, by Willdenow to Cantua, by Persooii, 
whom Mr. Douglas follows, to Gilia, and by Michaux to 
a particular genus called Ipomopsis. The idea of its being 
a Polemonium has been long abandoned ; Cantua differs 
essentially in its calyx and seeds ; and Gilia is a genus 
lounded m the Flora Peruviana upon plants with small 
flowers, of which the stamens are inserted into the recesses 
ot the limb of the corolla, and of which Gilia capitata, now 
common m our Gardens, is a legitimate species. To none 
of these, therefore, can this plant be properly referred. 
Ipomopsis must, therefore, be retained as a genus charac- 
terised by the form of its corolla, the absence of foliaceous 



o 



bracteae, and the insertion of its stamens 



J.L. 



12S2.. 




U ^./. 



. L 



-V •- 



PofJ- ^/ J '^^'^ fA-'jy^ / 6y ^u^^um^^ ^1/or/- /S2^. 



y. ^Pa4^^ y- 



1282 



- ^ 



* 



V 



V 



* 



^•* 



LOPHANTHUS* anisatus 



\ 



/" 



^ 



Anise-scented Lcphanthus. 



"1^ 



5- 



V 






i . 



DIDYNAMIA GYMNOSPERMIA. 



f i 

iVaf. ord. Labiatjk. § SatUTeine<2 Bentham MSS. 

LOPHANTHUS.— 'Calyx tubulosus, 15-striatus,5-dentatus, subsequalis 
V, apice subincurvus. CoroZte tubus calycem subsequans ; labia subaequalia ; 
superius erectum emarginatum v. bifidum, inferius 3-fidum, lobis suberectis, 
medio lato crenato, lateralibus minoribus. Stamina 4, exserta, distantia. 
Antherarum loculi parallel! v. demiim subdivergentes.^ — Bentham MSS. 






h 



L. anisatus; foliis ovatis acutis serratis subtiis canescentibus, verticilljs. 

densis spicatis ; inferioribus subremotis, calyeibus pubescentibus, denti- 

bus ovatis. Bentham MSS. 
Hyssopiis anisatus. Nutt. gen. 2. p. 27. 
Hyssopus discolor. ^ Desf. cat. hort. par. ed. 3. p. 97 J 






} 



fv — 



\ 



A handsome hardy perennial, native of borders of thickets on the 



M 



With 



For the following remaAs 
Mr. Bentham, by whom 



of July, August, and September, and is remarkable for the strong 
scent of anise which it yields when slightly bruised. It is a neat 
species, much better known on the continent than in this country. 
Our drawing was made in the Garden of the Horticultural Society. 

we ^re indebted to our friend 
Labiatae have been made a particular 
study, and to w^om we confidently look for rescuing them from 
a state of confusion, that has been gradually increasing since the 
days of Linnaeus, until it has become the disgrace of Botany. 

i J. Li. 

*' This genus is nearly allied to Hyssopus and to Ncpeta. It differs from the former by 
its habit, by the middle division of the lower lip of the corolla, which is broad and 
crenate, instead of being divided into two entire divergent lobes, and by the anthers, of 
which the cells are parallel, not divaricate. The form of the corolla, the divergent 
stamina, and the parallel celU of the anthers, distinguish it from Nepeta. 






* K 



* From Xcfos, the crest of a helmet, and «v9fff, a flower ; because 
been thought to have a crested appearance. 



Among the specimens which I have had occasion to examine, the following spec 
referred to this genus : — 

1. L. chinensis. Hyssopus lophanthus. Linn. 

The corolla of this species is described as resnpinate ; but that is not the case 
th a^specimen from Dahuria sent to Mr. Lindiey by Dr. Fischer of Petersburgh 
'" " urticifolius. Hyssopus urticifolius. Douglas, ' ^ 



L-^ glabra, foliis cordato - ovatis ottUsis crenatis, verticillis dense spicatis, laciniis 
lineari-subulatis, genitalibus longe exsertis. — A larger species than the others of the 
genus. Flower-spikes terminal, dense, ovate ; flowers of a pale purple, nearly as large 
as in the L. chinensis. Intrpdui^d by 3Ir. Douglas from the lusrth-west coast of America. 

3. L. nepetoides. Hyssopus nepetoides. Linn, 

4. L. scrofulariaefolius. Hyssopus scrofulariaefolius. Willd. 

5. L. anisatus, t. 1282. 

6. L. multifidus. Nepeta multifida. Linn From Siberian specimens received by 

Mr. liindley from Dr. Fischer. 

The Labiatse with divergent stamina, to which section this genus belongs, might be 
grouped into two tribes, the MenihoidecB and the Satureinea; of which I take this oppor- 
tunity of giving the characters, as also of enumerating the genera, along with the charac- 
ters of such as are new, and amended characters for those which appear to me to require 
modification. 

Tribus 1. Menthoide^. 

Corollae tubus calyce brevior vel vix longior; limbus 4-5-fiduS5 lobis subaequalibus. 

Stamina distantia, exserta, loculis parallelis vel divaricatis, vel rarixis inclusa, loculis 
parallelis. 

§ 1. Amihera 2'loculdresy loculis parallelis. 

1. tycopus. Linn. _ Calyx gequ'alis, 5-den tatus. Corolla tubo brevissimo, aequalis, 
4-fida. Stamina 2, subexserta, distantia. Antherae 2-loculares, loculis parallelis. 

2. Meriandra. Bejith. ^ Calyx 2-labiatus, labio superiore concavo, integro, vel bre- 
vissime 3-dentato, inferiori 2-fido. Corolla subaequalis, 4-fida, Stamina 2, raro 3-4, 
subexserta, distantia. Antherae 2-Ioculares, loculis linearibus distinctis substipitatis. 

Species mihi cognitae 2; M. benghalensis Benth. in Wall. cat. herb. ind. no. 3526. 
(Salvia benghalensis Roxb,), et M. strohtlifera Benth. in 1. c. no. 1527. 

3. Isanthus. Michx — Calyx campanulatus, aequalis, 5.fidus. Corolla tubo brevissimo, 
aequahs, 5-fida. ^ Stamina 4, exserta, distantia. Antherae 2-loculares, loculis parallelis. 

^ 4. Audibertia. Benth, — Calyx campanulatus, subbilabiatus, dentibus 3 superioribus, 
2 mfenonbus, mtus fauce villos4. Corolla tubo brevissimo, aequalis, 4-fida. Stamina 4, 
subexserta, distantia. Antherae 2-loculares, loculis parallelis. 

Species unica A. pusilla, Benth. {Thymus parvijlorus. Req. in ann. soc. nat. 5. 
p. 386.) 

I have dedicated this genus to my friend M. Audibert, of Tarascon, proprietor of one 
of the most extensive Nurseries in France, who has introduced and naturalised many 
rare and valuable exotics, and who, in 1820, accompanied M. Requien in his Botanical 
^temr m Corsica, where they first discovered the plant which constitutes this genus. 
_^ 5. Mentha. Zinw. _ Calj^ aequalis, 5-dentatus, intiis fauce nuda, vel rariiis villosa. 
Corolla tubo brevissinjo, subaequalis, 4-fida. Stamina 4, distantia, exserta, vel inclusa. 
Filamenta nuda. Antherae 2-loculares, loculis parallelis. 

This genus thus reduced comprises the European, North American, and Siberian 
^cies, the IM. Royleana Wall. cat. herb. ind. no. 1537, and probably also Mr. Brown's 
New Holland species- anrl tTi*» IVT ^^t^nnii*^ ^vf TtiiiTvt<k t i^»«.» «i-.« ^u„«.«-,«j :« lu^ 

Lindley's Herbarium ^„^ *xv«. w *«ax. 

6. Colebrookia. Roxh Calyx aequalis, 5-partitus, plumosus, maturatione papposus, 

carpellis adhaerens. Corolla subaequalis, 4.fida, lobo superiori emarginato. Antherae 4, 
subsessiles, 2.1oculares, loculis parallelis. 

Spec. 2. C. oppositifolia et ternifolia. Roxb. 

7- Perilla. Linn — Calyx per anthesin subaequalis, 5-fidus, post anthesin 2-labiatus, 
labio superiore dilatato 3-lobo, inferiori 2.fido. CoroUa subaequalis, 5-fida, lobis 3 supe- 
noribus, 2 inferioribus. Stamina 4, distantia, corollam aequantia. Antherae 2-Ioculares, 
locuhs parallelis. 

Spec 



I have also observed in Mr. 



'. T 



Acrocephalus. Benth — Calyx tubulosus, basi subgibbus, 2.1abiatus, labio superiori 

ovato piano integro, inferiori 4-fido. Corolla calyce brevior, subaequalis, S-fida, lobis 

3 superionbus, 2 inferioribus. Stamina 4, brevia, distantia. Antherae 24ocuIares, locuUs 
parallehs. 

Spec. A. scariosus. Benth. in Wall. cat. herb. ind. no. 1563. T think it probable 

that the Ocymum capitellatum Linn., and Ocytnum acrocephalum Blume Bijdr. p. 384, 

belong to this genus. 






* ^-4. ^ ^ m ' 



8 2. AnihercB 2-locuIares^ loculis dwancatis*- 

9. Elsholzia, Willd^ — Tloves spicati et bracteae foliaceae secundi. Calyx aejualif, 
6-dentatus. Corolla subaequalis, 5-fida, lobis 3 superioribus, 2 inferioribus. Stamina 4, 
distantia. Antherae lineares, 2-loculares, loculis divaricatis. ^ ' 

10. Cyclostegia. Benth.—¥loTum spica strobiliformis. Bracteae membranaceae, venosae, 
martnne ciHatae, imbricatae, cyathiformes, ex duabus oppositis connatis constantes. Calyx 
aequalifi, 5-4entatus. Corolla 4-fida, lobis subaequalibus, superior! suberecto emarginato, 
inferionbus subpatentibus. Antherae ovatae, loculis confluentibus. 

Spec. C- strobilifera. Benth. in Wall. cat. herb. ind. no. 1562. ' 

1 1 . Aphanochilus. ^^n/A. — Calyx subaequaUs, 5-dentatus. Corolla tube calycem 
o„K«.n„oT.ta hr«x.;t*>r il_fii1ft. loho suDeriori suberecto subconcavo emarfirinato, inferionbus 



I ,patentibus. Stamina 4, saepius exserta, distantia. Antherarum locuH divergentea vel 

■ divaricati, demum confluentes. ^ . „. „ , t. ■ j 1 1; i. a 

r , Species omnes Indicae. 1. A. blandus. Benth. in Wall. cat. herb. md. no. 1550. 

.(Mentha blanda. Wall. herb. 1823, at vix Dec. ic. hort. gen.) 2. A- fastens. Benth. 

m 1. c. no. 1551. 3. A. incisus. no. 1552. (Mentha blanda. Ltndl. trails. IJort. Soc. 
' vol. 6, p. 275). 4. A. /avu5. no. 1553. 5. A. poly stachyus. no. \ 554. ^.A. ertostachyus. 

L no. 1555. 7- A. pilosus. no. 1556. 8. A. paniculatus. no. 1557. 

*■ S3. Anthera terminales 1 -loculares, ritna transver^ali dehxscentes. 



> 



' 12. Dysophylla. B/mwi«.— Calyx sequalis, 5-dentatus. Corolk tubo brevissimo, sub- 

]■ sequaUs, 4-fida, lobo inferiori subpatente. Stamina 4, exserta, distantia. Filamenta bar- 

bata. Antherae terminales, 1 -loculares, rimatransversalidehiscentes.' 

Species omnes Indicae. 1. D. velutina. Bentb. in Wall. cat. herb. md. no. 15^. 
2. D. quadrifolia. Bentb. in 1. c. no. 1839. (Mentha quadrifolia. Roxb.) 3. D. linearis. 
no. 1540. 4. D. crucidta. no. 1541. S. D. stellata. no. 1542 (Mentha stellata. Lour., 
M. quaternifolia. Roth.) 6. D. ramosissima. no. 1543. 7- D- verhcillala. no. 1544. 
(Mentha verticillata. Roxb.. non Hook. hot. mag. no. 2907, nee Don. prod. fl. Nep.) 
8. D. wasHcaulii. no. 1546.' 9. D. pumila. no. 1546 (Mentha pumila. Graham, M. ver- 
ticiUata. Hook. 1. c.) 10. B. myosuroides. no. 1547 (Mentha mjrognroides.flo/A.) 11. 

, D. auricularia. Bhime Bijdr. p. 826. 12. D. strigosa. Bentb. in 1. c. no. 1549. 

! Blume giTes as -oart of the generic character, the connivence of the teeth of the calyx ; 

a character very difficult to observe in dried specimens, and which does not appear to me 
to run through aU the above species, which are too closely alhed together to be genen- 
cally separated. The form of the anthers, and the bearded stamina, are constant in the 
whole of them. Blume describes the stamina as declinate ; but if they are so in the bving 
state it can only be in a very slight degree. This genus, different m habit both from 

intermediate between 



w 



Mentna ana j-ogosiemon, is mMJimcuiaw; ucvwcc** ^"^-- ^ ^_.„>._— . . ~ , , ,.1 ,. » 

13. Pogostemon. Desf. — Calyx aequalis, 5-dentatus. Corolla 4-fida, robbilabiata, 
labio superiore 3-fido patente, inferiori integerrimo acuto subdefiexo. Stamina 4, exserta, 
distantia, subdeclinata. Filamenta barbata. Antherae terminales, l-loculares, nma trans- 

versali dehiscentes. ^ , „ -n -^ tj« tt. :- 

Species omnes TndiciB. 1. P. plectranthoides. Desf. 2. F. parviflorum. Benth. m 

Wall. cat. herb. ind. no. 1531. 3. P. Heyneanum. Benth. m loc. c't. no. 1532. 
4. P. glabrum. no. 1533. 5. P. vestilum. no. 1534. 6. P. rotundatum. no. 1535. 

Blume (Bijdraaen, p. 827) describes another species, under the name of P. menthotdes 
0I which the filaments are without the hairs I have found on every other species both of 
Pogostemon and Dysophyllum. If he be right in his description, either his plant must 
belong to some other genus, or the character of this one must be modified accordingly ; 
but not having seen his plant, I cannot determine this point. This genus hais usuaUy the 
stamina slightly declinate, and on this account would belong to the Ocymoideae ; but the 
decUnation is in general so slight as to be scarcely perceptible in dried specimens ; and 
the close connexion between the two latter genera (which cannot be separated from one 
another) and Mentha has induced me to place them in this tribe. 

TribuS 2. SATUREINEiE. 

Corolla tubo calycem subaequante, bilabiata, labiis subaequalibus, superiori erecto sub- 
piano. Stamina 4, distantia, antheris 2-locularibus, locuUs parallelis vel raro divaricatis. 

I § 1. Antherarum locvii paralleli. 

14. Bystropogon. L'Htr. — Flores dichotomo-paniculati. Calj'x lO-striatus, cam- 
I panulatus, aequalis, S-dentatus, fauce intus villosL Corolla tubo calycem subaequante, 

bilabiata, labio superiori erecto piano emarginato, inferiori patente trifido. Stamina 4, 

f distantia. Antherarum loculi paralleli. ... . r- 1 

15. Pycnanthem\im. Michje. — Flores dense capitati, bracteis involucrati. Calyx 

15-nervis, ovato-tubulosns, dentibuB 6 subaequalibus, fauce intus nuda. Corolla tubo 



T 



I 



calyoem subaequante, bilabiata, labio saperiori erecto piano integro vel brevissime emar. 
ginato, inferiori patente trifido. Stamina 4, distantia. Antherarum loculi paralleli. 

I do not think that the genus Brachystemum Michw, can be separated from this one- « 

16, Satuxeia. Linn, — Flores verticillati vel capitati. Calyx lO-striatus, seqnalis, 
5-dentatus, fauce intus nudd. Corolla tubo calycem subsequante, bilabiata^ labio superiorl 
saberecto piano emarginato subbifido, inferiori patente trifido. Stamina 4, distantia. 
Antherarum loculi parallel]. 

The Satureia Thymbra Ltnn. has the stamina approximate under the upper lip, and 
must therefore be excluded from this genus. The section Thymaria {Dec. et Duby bot- 
gall. p. 370) cannot, in my opinion, be distinguished from Thymus. The section Sabattia, 
Mcench^ forms my genus Micromeria. The genus Satureia would thus be confined to the 
S. hortensis, montana, and perhaps one or two others among those which I have not yet 
had an opportunity of examining. 

. 17* Micromeria, ^en/^. — Flores verticillati vel capitati. Calyx 10- vel 15-striatU8, 
tubulosus, dentibus 5 subaequalibus, int^s fauce villosa. Corolla tubo calycem sub- 
sequante, bilabiata, labio superiori erecto piano emarginato, inferiori patente trifido. 
Stamina 4, distantia. Antherarum loculi paralleli. 

This genus comprehends the Sabattia of Moench (a name which I could not adopt, on 
account of the older genus of the same name in the order of Gentianeae), and most of 
the species of Persoon's section Zygis of the genus Thymus; probably also the South 
American Bystropogons with verticillate flowers. # 

18. Thymus. Linn* — Flores verticillati vel capitati. Calyx lO-striatus, ovato.tubu- 
losus, bilabiatus, labio superiori 3-dentato, inferiori bifido, intus fauce villosa. Corolla 
tubo calycem subsequante, bilabiata, labio superiori erecto subplano emarginato, inferiori 
patente trifido* Stamina 4, distantia. Antherarum loculi paralleli. 

This genus would thus be reduced to Persoon's section Serpyllum- 

19. Origanum. Linn — ^Florum spicae tetragonae, strobiliformes, bracteis imbricatis. 
Calyx varius. Corolla tubo calycem subaequante, bilabiata, labio superiori erecto sub- 
plano emarginato, inferiori patente trifido. Stamina 4, distantia. Antherarum loculi 
paralleli. 

These six genera are so closely allied as to be scarcely distinguishable. The corolla 
and stamina are nearly the same in all, the length of the stamina being top variable even 
in the same species to serve as a generic character. The inflorescence and calyx alone, 
characters of minor importance in the order of Labiatae, can serve to separate them. 

20. Lophanthus. Benth, — Supr^. 

§ 2. Antherarum loculi divaricaH. 

21. Hyssopus. Linn, — Calyx tubulosus, subaequalis, 5-dentatu8. Corolla tubo calycem 
subaequante, bilabiata, labio superiori erecto emarginato, inferiori trifido : lobis lateralibus 
suberectis, medio emarginato subbifido, laciniis divergentibus. Stamina 4, exserta, dis- 
tantia. Antherarum loculi lineares, divaricati.*' 



/ 



^ 



T 



»w y 



> 



A-* - '"■ •-■.^ - ■** 



/5c?3. 







■ ^^ .7/ ■ ' 



-./ / 



4-. 



yuJ- /y . y ;■ /u^:^fMx 



' V ** 






i~-' 



ryj 









i- 



1283 



SISYRINCHIUM* odoratissimum 



T 



Fragrant Sisyrinchium. 



I 



MONADELPHIA TRIANDRIA, oh TRIANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 
Nat. ord. Iride^. 

SISYRINCHIUM. — Supra, vol 13. fol 1067. 



S. odoratissimum ; scapo tereti, foliis angustissimis glaucis caulis longi- 
tudine, floribus long^ pedunculatis nutantibus infundibularibus : laciniis 

sequalibus. ^ 

Caulis pedalis sesquipedalisve. Folia angustissima, glauca^ apice subu- 
lata. Spatha bracteis membranaceo-marginatis : irifimd cceteris magis 
acutd. Flores plures, odorcztissimi, nutantes, longe pedunculati, infundi- 
buliformes, sordid^ albi, venis fusco-purpiireis striati. Stamina 3, fila- 
mentis in tuba longo connatis^ tubi floris longitudine. Stigmata 3, Jili- 
formia, staminum longitudine. Ovarium S-loculare, polyspermum. 






i 






southern coast of 



For this fragrant species of Sisyrinchium we are in- 
debted to Mr. Mackay, of Clapton, in whose Nursery our 
drawing was made, in June last. 

It is a native of some part of the 
South America, whence it was sent to Mr. Mackay by the 
collector on board His Majesty's discovery ship, under 
command of Captain King. It is perfectly hardy, having 
stood last winter without any protection, when its leaves 
Were not even killed down. 

This species approaches Galaxia in the form of its 
flower; but is so similar to Sisyrinchium in habit, and in 
every thing except the long tube of the flower, that it is 
scarcely expedient to separate it from that genus. If others 
should be of a different opinion, they must unite with it our 
S. flexuosum, with which it agrees in the form of the flower. 

We have here a new instance of what is called the 
certainty and pj^ecision of the Linnaean system of Botany. 

• %^^iyiMv of the Greeks was either the little bulbous plant now called Iris sity- 
rinchium according to Sprengel, or Tricbonema bulbocodium according to Sibthorp, It 
was so named because the roots were grubbed up by swine. 

2K 



Sisyrinchium appears to us to belong to Monadelphia Tri- 
andria, and it is so stationed by some Linnaean Botanists ; 
yet others of great authority place it in Triandria Mono- 
gynia. We will not pretend to decide between these con- 
flicting opinions ; but we really wonder that gentlemen 
should be still found, with this and hundreds of similar cases 
staring them in the face, to talk gravely of the peculiar 
precision and cei^tainty of the sexual system. No one pre- 
tends to claim this character of peculiar cerf«fw(y BXid p7Xcision 
for the natural system ; but to ascribe it exclusively to the 
Linnaean is notoriously absurd ; as if the very clever artificial 
contrivance of the illustrious Swede, the utility of which is, 
however, most extravagantly overrated, were exempt from 
the imperfections inherent in all human affairs. But what 
amuses us the most is, that while Linnaean Botanists are 
thus anxiously endeavouring to maintain the ground, which 
they cannot avoid perceiving is rapidly slipping from beneath 
them, they are slily adopting that very system they depre- 
cate, and adopting it by a sort of patch-work process, which 
has the peculiar advantage of being particularly useless. 
(See SprengeVs Syst. Veg. passim in the arrangement of 
genera.; With us, so completely will prejudice blind men's 
perceptions, one of the most intelligent and amiable men 
that the age has seen, has announced himself a defender of 
the Linnaean faith, in a splendid work, bearing for its name 
the somewhat singular title of Monandrian Plants of the 
Order Scitaminece ! which is written from beginning to end 
upon the principles of the Natural System. 

% 

In no other country than Great Britain would remark 
of this nature be necessary, if we except a few of the 
southern kingdoms of Europe, in which science does not 
particularly flourish. We trust they will soon be super- 
fluous among ourselves. 

Ah ! pereant, si quos janua clausa juvat. 

Stem a foot or a foot and a half high. Leaves very 
narrow, glaucous, subulate at the apex. Spatha consist- 
ing of bracteae membranous at the margin, of which the 
lowermost is sharper than the others. Flowers several, 
very fragrant, nodding, on long stalks, funnel-shaped, dirty 
white, with brownish-purple veins. Stamens 3 ; the fila- 
ments united in a long tube the length of the flower. 
Stigmas 3, filiform, the length of the stamens. Ovarium 
3-celled, many-seeded. J. L. 



A 



. I 



1:1b Ij^. 




- ■-- / 



^""^, 






.//^,-is^ 



1284 



** 



FUCHSIA* thymifdlia. 



u 



Thyme-leaved Fuchsia. 



.1 



OCTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 



Nat. Ord, ONAGRARIiE. 

_. FUCHSIA. — Supril, vol. 10. fol. 847. 



» ^^- 



/ 



if^ 



I 



subrotundo-ovatis obtusis' subintegerrimis suprk hirtellis subtus glabri- 
usculis, calyce subinfundibuliformi : laciniis oblongis angustato-acutis, 
petalis ovato-oblongis obtusis integris (subrotundis patentissimis undu- 
latis), staminibus inclusis. — Kunth in Humb. et Bonpl. nov. gen. et 
species plantarum^ vol. 6. p. 104. tab. 535. Dec. prodr. 3. 37. 
Lopezia thymifolia. Willd.y according to Link in Schultes mantissa, 50. 

Caulis ramosus, frutescens, ramis debilibus, teretibus, cinereis, pube 
minima obtectis. Folia ovata/ obtusa, longe petiolata, utrinque minuti 
pubescentia, subtus pallidiora ; nunc opposita, nunc subopposita, s^p^ 
altema ; stipulae minutissim<B. Flores parviy axUlares, solitarii, pe- 
dunculis petiolorurh^ longitudine, ' capillaribus. Calycis tubus infundi- 
bularis, limbo acute A-Jido paulb longior, purpurascens. Petala oblonga, 
plana, patentissima, undulata, obtusa, primum pallid^ rosea, dein intensiiis 
rosea, mox purpurea. Stamina suiiwc/M^a. Stigma long^ exsertum, capi- 
tatum, indivisum. 



^v^ 



i 



• 



ty of figurin 



o 



We had lately the gratification of publishing a figure of 
the lovely Fuchsia microphylla of Mexico : we are now 
iftdebted to the same rich store of new plants for the oppor- 

another very interesting species of the 
genus, the F. thymifolia of*Kuntfi. It is a native of high 
land in MexicoV whence it'was procured by Robert Bar- 
clay, Esq. Humboldt found it near Pazcuaco at an eleva- 
tion of about 6000 feet. 

it is a half-hardy shrub, remarkable for its soft 
leaves and changeable flowers, the petals of which 




VOL. XV 



See fol. 1269 

L 



rolled together, as is usually the case, but spread open. 
The blossoms are at first pale - greenish rose colour, 
gradually changing to deep red, so that there are many 
different hues upon the plant at the same time. It pro- 
pagates very readily by cuttings, and will soon become a 
common plant. It flowers continually during all the summer 
months. 

Stem branched, shrubby ; branches weak, round, ash- 
colour, covered with very minute down. Leaves ovate, 
obtuse, on long stalks, covered on both sides with 
minute pubescence, paler beneath; sometimes opposite, 
sometimes nearly opposite, often quite alternate; stipulce 
very minute. Flowers sijiall, axillary, solitary, with the 
peduncles the length of the petioles, and capillary. Tube 
of the calyj;' funnel-shaped, rather longer than the limb, 
which is divided into four sharp-pointed pieces. Petals 
oblong, flat, very much spreadinig, wavy, obtuse. Stamens 
almost, but not quite, enclosed in the calyx. Stigma a long 
way protruded, capitate, undivided. 

J. L. 



I 

J 






i 

i 




i28 6. 



<t/^'^ //if . / .^VYi^v^z^' 



'- C^CtA- 



€/^'^ Q- ■ /. mo 



1285 



/ 



PENTSTEMON* acuminatum 



■f 






Pointed-leaved Pentstemon 



* r 




' \ • , 




*» 




DIDYNAMIA ANGIOSPERMIA 

Nat. Ord. ScROPHULARINEai. , 

PENTSTEMON. — Suprd, vol 12. fol. 1121. 



p. acuminatum ; caule ascendente foliisque glabris valde glaucis, horum 
radicalibus ovato-oblongis long^ , p|tiolatis integernmis subconaceis, 
caulinis bracteisque cordatis^cummat^ sessihbus amplexicaulibus, 
fasciculis flonim subsessilibus, sepalis acuminatis glabernmis, corollis 
tubo infundibulari : fauce inflate, limbi laciniis latis retusis. 
P. acuminatum. Douglas in herb. Hort. Soc. /*> ,. ^ ,. ,, . 

Caulis ascendens, pedalis sesquipedalisve, imo bipedahs, glaberrimus, 
valdh glaucus, ut et folia et omnei alice partes. Folia radicalia erecta, 
in basin caulis ascendentia, demiim in caulina mutata. Bracteae venosm, 
coriace<B : inferiores Jloribus longiores. Flores in fasciculis subsessilibus, 
intril bracteas axillaribus, dispositi, purpurei, ad margmem amcene cyanei. 
Calyces coriacei, sepalis valde: acuminatis, ampbdntilius. Corolla calyce 
trivlb longior, glaberrima, tubo infundibulari paululUm arcuato, limbo 
valde oblique : lacijiiis latis, rofhndatis, v. retusis. FUamentum sterile tubo 
brevius, apice leviter pilosum, aduncum. 

"^ \. ' * r 



•^ f 



V 



We have her^^he'gratification'of making known 



time 



of the beautiful P. speciosunr, published some 
inferior to it in stature, but exceeding it in beauty of colour- 
ing and neatness of appearance. It is a native of the barren 
sandy plains of the Columbia ; growing there, as it appears 
from Mr. Douglas's specimens, with the lower part ot its 
stems and its radical leaves immersed in sharp coarse white 
sand. It flowers from June to August. Our drawing was 
made in the Garden of the Horticultural Society, to which 



had been introduced ii 



This is by far the most difficult to cultivate of all its 




id 



* See fol. 1245. 




-'.- 



■*' 



genus. No soil has yet been found which suits it : it 
flowers abundantly, but will not produce seed. It is to 
be feared, that, unless a fresh supply is procured from 
N. W. America, the species will be lost to our Gardens. 

Stem ascending, about a foot high, or a foot and a half, 
sometimes even two feet, but this is unusual ; very glaucous, 
as are the leaves, and all the other parts. Radical leaves 
erect, rising up the base of the stem, before they are changed 
into cauline ones. Bractea: veiny, coriaceous ; the lower- 



most 



longer 



flowenng. 

the 



than the flowers. Flowers arranged in sub- 
sessile fascicles, which are axillary in the bracteae, purple, 
bordered with lively blue. Calyxes coriaceous, the sepals 
very much acuminate, growing larger after 
Corolla thrice as long as the calyx, quite smooth 
tube funnel-shaped, slightly arched; the limb very oblique, 
with broad, rounded, or retuse segments. Sterile jilament 
shorter than the tube, slightly hairy, and hooked at the 
point. . 

J. L. 



Note upon Teucrium orchideum, fol. 1255. 

F 

Mr. Don has obligingly pointed out to us that this plant is evidently the 
T, heterophyllum of CavanilleSy icon, vol, 6. p. 56. t. 511. \ a circumstance to 
which we had not adverted. It is not, however, the T. heterophyllum of 
UHeritier, to which the name is usually applied. Teucrium orchideum will 
therefore continue to stand as a distinct species, with the synonym of Cava- 
nilles added to it. 




/Z8S . 



V 



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L^ 



.■^'■yr inf- J .Q.,y. 



.yy 



C^^VJ-C 






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1286 



4 






PENTSTEMON* glaucum 




'. 



GlaufiQus Pentstemon. 



/ 




DIDYNAMIA ANGIOSPERMIA. 



I Nat. ord. Sckopiiularine^. 



\ ■. .■ 



PENTSTEMON. — Suprcl, vol. 13. fol. 1121. 



b 



^ 



4 



P, glaucum ; caule herbaceo glabriusculo, foliis oifinibus glaberrimis : radi- 
calibus lanceolatis petiolatis integerrimis denticulatisve ; caulinis brac- 
teisque ovato-lanceolatis sessilibus amplexicaulibus, panicula thyrsoidea, 
corollis inflatisxalycibusque exti^ glanduloso-g^bescentibus, tilamento 
sterili porrecto barbato, - '«.. *|f . , v 

P. glaucus. Graham in J amieson^s journal , July 1829, p, 348. ^ 
P. gracilis. Bot. mag. 2945, as far as the description is concerned^ but 
not the figure.' »* ^ I / ^ 



' ■ - • IV 



1 



A dwarf species, thriving in common soil, flowering in profusion 
in August and September, and propagated by division of the roots 
and by seeds. It grows about a foot high. ^ ^ , 

The plant from which our figure of this interesting species was 
taken, was sent from the Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, to that of the 
Horticultural Society, as a Pentstemdn, at that time unnamed, which 
had been raised from the seeds collected by Mr. Drummond, during 
Dr. Richardson's last journey In Arctic America. It was afterwards 
published in the work above quoled, along with an excellent descrip- 
tion, as a new species, by Dr. Graham. Subsequently, our friend 
Dr. Hooker has referred the species to P. gracile of Nuttall, in which 
he is undoubtedly mistaken, as we trust to shew. 

The sources from which the materials for P. gracile in the 




322//ewere taken, were, nrst, a piani wnicn nowereu in 
the Glasgow Garden, it does not appear whence received, but which 
afforded the specimen from which the figure was made ; and, secondly. 
Dr. Graham's description above referred to. Now, these two are not 
in accordance with each other. Dr. Graham says, that the radical 



* See fol. 1245 



leaves of his plant are perfectly entire; that the stem leaves are 
dilated at the base and amplexicaul; that the peduncles are elongated 



are 



as well as the compound filiform pedicels ; 
ovate ; that the corolla is yellow at the apices of its lobes ; that the 
upper surface of the lower lip has long yellowish hairs; and, finally, 
that the barren filament dips to the lower side of the corolla, and is 
covered with yellowish hairs. But Dr. Hooker's figure is totally at 
variance with all this in every particular : his radical leaves are 
strongly serrated, and although this is occasionally slightly the case 
with Dr. Graham's plant, yet it is not a usual character ; the stem leaves 
are neither dilated at the base nor amplexicaul; the peduncles are 
not elongated, but are, on the contrary, particularly short ; there is 
no yellow at the apices of the lobes of the corolla ; and, finally, there 
is no appearance of yellow hairs upon either the lower lip of the 
corolla, or upon the barren filament. But Dr. Hooker adds, that his 
plant agrees with specimens collected by Mr. Douglas about Red 
River, which are also identical with Mandan specimens named by 
Nuttall himself. Having, fortunately, the advantage of referring to 
Mr. Douglas's Red River specimens in the possession of the Horti- 
cultural Society, we find them indeed agreeing most exactly with the 
figure of the Glasgow plant, but not at all with those in our own 
Herbarium of Dr. Richardson's plant. 

The explanation of all this is clearly, that the figure in the 

Botanical Magazine is of P. gracile,* — of which it is, by the way, an 

excellent representation, — while the description is of P. glaucum ; 

and that these two species are not the same, as Dr. Hooker has 
concluded. 

J. L. 






^ 
/ 



/^^/. 




4' T^'Wlgi^V^ 




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'/./^ 






tly"Ua'^i/ S '^-^Cu/x/yj/tMf 



7 ■" 



r r 



/-.. 



■"^'■' ^^^,/ /cTx^. 



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> 

\~-^ 



^^ 



k - 



i 



1287 






I 



J 



* f 



'* *» 



CHRYSANTHEMUM* indicum. 



Indian Chi^y santhemum . 



« * 



SYNGENESIA POLYGAMTA SUPERFLUA. 

iVa^ ord. CoMPosiTiE. 

CHR YSA NTH EM UM. — SuprH, vol. U fol. 4. 



C. indicum ; foliis flaccidls petiolatis pinnatifidis crebr^ dentatis ; supremis 
jntegerrimis, radio calyce paulo longiore, caule fruticoso. Mine in 



f ^ Linn, trans. 14. 144. 

C. indicum. Linn. sp. pL 2. 889. 
Small yellow single Chrysanthemum. Sabine 
Chr. tripartitum. Sweefs flower garden^ tl 1 
i3. flore pleno. Hort. trans, vol. 4. tab. 13. 



^^ 



This is the plant which Linnaeus intended by the name 
of Chrysanthemum indicum, and is probably a distinct 

[ species from the cultivated double Chrysanthemum of the 

Gardens; as has been long since stated by Mr. Sabine, 
to whose paper in the Linncean Society's Transactions we 

V refer those who are interested in a critical investigation 

of the synonyms of either kind. In that work the subject 
IS so nearly exhausted, that we can have little to add, 
beyond this, that we agree in opinion, that the left and 
upper right-hand specimens in the Linneean Herbarium 
both belong to the species which is the subject of the 
" accompanying plate ; and that the lowf r left-hand specimen 

IS probably a morsel of some variety of Chrysanth. sinense. 
A specimen with double flowers, gathered at Banda by 
Mr. Christopher Smith, and preserved in the Smithian 
Herbarium, without having been determined, is possibly 



' * ^J^^ >JS«"^«5, gold, and «»3«s, a flower; in aflusion to the yellow colour 
of the flowers of many species. 



C. indicum also ; but the specimen figured in the Horti- 
cultural Transactions y vol. 4. tab. 12. is no doubt distinct 
both from C. indicum and sinense. There are specimens 
in the Smithian Herbarium of what is probably this plant, 
but so badly preserved that it is difficult to determine them 
accurately; they have no mark to indicate whence they 
were received. Mr. Brown's specimens, from which the 
drawing above alluded to was made, were from China ; and 
we are in possession of a perfect specimen of the same 
plant gathered wild near Macao, This species, which 
should be called C. Sahini, appears to be procumbent, has 
smaller flowers, and its ray is white^ not yellow. 

Introduced by Mr. Brookes, of Ball's Pond, about the 
year 1821 : it requires the same management as the com- 
mon Chinese Chrysanthemums, but blossoms as late as 
January. 

The double variety figured in the Horticultural Transac- 
tions is now known in our Gardens under the name of the 
Double yellow Indian Chrysanthemum. 

4 

J. L. 






1 



'\ 



i'h# 




^2.88. 



i 



r 






*-^ ^ 






^^ ' ly J ^by/y^uyay /^^ e^^v^^^>^ r^^, y ^,^^^ 






1288 



ISOPOGON* formdsus. 



Handsome Isopogon. 



V 



TETRANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 



Nat, ord, Proteace^. 



» 



e 



ISOPOGON.— Siiprd, vol. U. foL 900 



/ 



?^ 



.r^ 



¥r- 



^K 



■^ 



^ - 



■^- 






.■?. 






t.formosus; folils bipinnatifidis subtriternatis filiformibus supra canalicu- 
latis : laciniis divaricatis, ramulis tomentosis, perianthiis glabris: laminis 
aplce pilosiuscuJis, — i?. Brown in Linn, trans. 10. 72. frodr, 1. 

366. Sfc. f "N^v^ ^ y^^ .^^ 

Frutex rigidus^ ramosuSy ramis murinis : vetustis nudiusculis^ junioribus 
sericeo-villosis. Folia fcepius (riiernata, dura^ terefia, pungeutia, suprd 
sulcata^ glabra, laciniis divaricatis. Qapitulum siibsessile, terminale, foliis 
involucratum. Squamae obovatce^ cuspidatcej extus lanatce. Calyx mox 
deciduns, tubo gracili glabra, Umbo quadriJido\ laciniis spatulatis, pur- 
pureiSy apice extremo villosis^ intus antheriferis, infra antheras bicallosis. 
Ovarium villosissimum ; stylus JiliformiSj apice biarticulatuSy articulo infe- 
rior e luteoy pubescentCy clavato, superiore ovato, elongate, glabra, ad apicem 



stigmatifero. 



. M 



W 




^ 



Th 






\- 



ll" 



bee 



;, the most beautiful of 
troduced so long since 



genus, IS 



d 



have 



as the year 1805 to the 



Kew Garden. "As far, however, as the pubHc is concerned 
the date of its introduction may be more properly fixed ii 
1824, when it, was raised by Mr. Mackay, from seeds col 
lected in the neighbourhood of Lucky Bay, by Mr. B 
on his first visit to the west coast of New Holland. 



It 



IS 



right, that in all questions about the period at which pla 
have been introduced, this distinction should be borne 



nd 



d that the world should be aware that 



y' 






beard 



hairs of the fruit are placed equally all over it, and do not arise from one 



bourm 



* 



I 



^*-, 



auction of a plant to his Majesty's Garden at Kew, is a 
very different affair from its introduction to Great Britain. 
An object cannot be properly said to be introduced from 
one country to another, unless it is afterwards disseminated 
by such means as the introducer possesses; a practice 
which is adopted in every establishment in the world, save 
in that one which ought to set an example to all others. 

shrub, remarkable for its hard, neat, 
rigid, divided leaves, and heads of purple flowers. Propa- 
gated by ripened cuttings, struck under a bell-glass. It 
blossoms in July. Our drawing was made this year, in 
Mr. Mackay's Nursery at Clapton. 



f 



A 



greenhouse 



t 



V J- J-^',-/ 



\ 




/3.8^ 



>. 









<. U 



/ / 



u. . 



^A^' ^^ y ^^^J7A^tM^ 



'Zy 











1289 



■ > * 



I 



i 



STACHYS germanica; var. pubescens. 

7 • 

, Pubescent German Stachys. 



"*_ 



4 * 



DIDYNAMIA GYMNOSPERMIA. 

Nat, ord. Labiate. § Nepetece. 

STACHYS, L — Ca/yj? ovato-campanulatus, lO-nervis, jequalis, 5-dentatus, intus fauce nud&. 
vel vix pilosa. Corolla tubo calycem subffiquante, 24abiata, lablis subaequalibus, superiori sub- 
patente integro fomicato vel subplano : inferiori patente 3-fido, lobo medio integro vel emarginato. 
Stamina 4, sub labio superiori ascendentia. Antherm 2-loculares, loculis divaricatis.. Stylus apicd 
subsequaliter 2-fidus. Achenia sicca, laevia. — Benth, 



St- germanica ; canescens, verticillis multifloris, foliis ovatis; serraturis imbricatis, caule lanato.. 

Pers, synops. 2. 123- ^v 

Var. pubescens ; foIiis dense villosis, minus serratis. 
" St. pubescens. SchradJ*'* Hort* Gotting. 



This was sent to the Horticultural Society from the Gottingen Garden, under 
the name of S- pubescens : it appears to be a mere variety of S. germanica, with 
thicker leaves than usual. 0^ * 

It is a hardy perennial, flowering from June to the end of August. 

Mr. Bentham having kindly supplied us with a continuation of his very 
valuable and interesting characters of the genera of Labiatse, we gladly take this 
opportunity of printing it, being desirous that not a day should be lost in putting 
Botanists in possession of information which is of such great importance to them. 



\ 



J. L. 



" This genus, which appears to be spread over nearly the whole of the globe, is a numerous 
and very natural one, and consequently difficult in regard to the distinction of its species. The 
generic character brings it nearest to Betouica and to Chaiturus : it differs from the former 
chiefly by the shorter tube of the corolla, and the divaricate cells of the anthers, Chaiturus is 
easily distinguished from Stachys by its habit ai^d inflorescence ; yet the erect position of the 
upper lip of the corolla, and the shorter stamina scarcely protruding from the tufie of the corolla, 
are the only characters I have been able to find. 

The S. lavandulaefolia has been established as a separate genus, under the name of Zietenla, by 
Gleditsch, who, according to Persoon {Ench. 2. p. 124), distinguishes it from Stachys by the 
long subulate laciniae of the calyx, and the abortion of three of the nuts ; but neither of these 
characters appears to me sufficiently important for the generic separation of plants otherwise 

resembling each other. 

The genus Stachys l>elongs to tlie Labiatae with ascendent stamina, which I should propose 
to divide into four tribes, the Ajugoidea, Manardeaj Nepetem^ and Prasiece ; the remainder of 
the Labiatae, those with declinatfe stamina, forming a single tribe, the Ocymoidea. I now 
proceed to continue the enumeration of the genera, as commenced in the last Number of 
the RegisteVy giving the characters of those which I have been able to examine myself, and 
inserting the names only of such as I am no otherwise acquainted with than by the descriptions 

of authors. 

TribusS. SATUREiNEiE. (Continued from foL 1282.) 

§ 3. Anthercs dimidiata vel cosscb. 

22. Westringia. Smith Calyx aequalis, 5-nervis, 5-deiitatus. Corolla tubo calycem iRib- 

mquante, bilabiata: labio superiori erecto subplano emarginato vel bifido, inferiori patente 
3-fido. Stamina 4, distantia. Antherse superiorum dimidiatse, inferiorum 2*partit», cass». 

Stylus apice subaequaliter bifidus. r 

23. Microcoryft. Br, prodr. p. 502. 



Tribus 3. Ajugoide^. 

issum; inferius longius, patens. Stamina 



ir;4M 



Corolla 



CoroUae labium superius abbreviatuQi vel bifidom, d 

ascendentia, longe exserta. 

24. Leucosceptrum. ^Irni/A. — Calyx ovato-campanulatus, subaeqnalis, 5-dentatus 
tubo calyce breviori, bilabiata : labio superiori erecto emarginato, inferiori patente 3-fido. 
Stamina 4, ascendentia, ex emarginatura labii superioris longe exserta. Antherae, loculis divan. 
Mtis confluentibus, subuniloculares. Stylus apice bifidus : lobo superiori breriore. Achenia 
reticulato-rugosa* - ■ ■ 



in Z. capitata^ hispanica, and ^enwtor Linn, the stamina are somewhat shorter than the upper Up, 
of the corolla ; a circumstance, however, which, in this instance, I should consider of bttle 
importance. ^ .. 

34? Cunila. Ltnn. — Calyx tubulosus, 10-15-nervis, subseqnalis, dentihus 5 margine vil- 
losissimis. Corolla tnbo calycem subaequante, bilabiata, labils subaequalibus : superiori erecto 
emarginato, inferiori patente 3.fido. Stamina fertilia 2, ascendentia, e labio superiori exserta- 
Antherae margine connexae (?), biloculares, loculis divaricatis. Stylus apice subinteger. Achema 
sicca, lae via. - , . 

This genus thus restricted to C. mariana Linn., C. paniculata Benth., another N. American 
species unnamed in Linnaeus's Herbarium, and C- lythrifoUa Benth., a Mexican plant in 
Mr. Lindley's Herbarium, appears to me to belong to this tribe ; although, on account of t 
manner in which the flowers are dried in the only specimen I have had an opportunity ot Uis- 



I 



This genus, although referred by Sir J- E. Smith to the Verbenaceae, and !>y Don {Prodr. ft. 
nepal «. 103) to the genus Clerodendron, belongs undoubtedly to the order Labiatae, and is 
indeed scarcely distinguishable from Teucrium- In habit it comes nearest to T. hyrcanicum. 
The structure of the flower is so nearly that of T. heterophyllum Desf., that if the genus be 
retained, the latter species should probably be added to it. 

25. Teucrium. Linn Calyx tubulosus, ovatus v. campanulatus, S-fidus v. 5-dentatuR, sub- 

sequalis v. bilabiatus. CoroUae tubus calyce subbrevior; labium superius bipartitum, laciniis 
demissis : inferius patens, 3-fi.duin. Stamina 4, ascendentia, e fissura labii supenoris longe exserta. 
Antherae, loculis divaricatis confluentibus, subuniloculares. Stylus apice subaequaliter bifidus. 

Achenia reticulato-rugosa. . , , 

This genus is easily subdivided into very natural sections, which, however, appear to me too 

closely connected to form separate genera. „ v i 

26. Amethystea. Linn Calyx campanulatus, subaequalis, 5-fidus. CoroUae tubus calyce 

brevior, labium superius bipartitum : laciniis demissis, inferius patens, 3-fidum. Stamina fer- 
tilia 2, ascendentia, e fissura labii superioris longe exserta. Antherse biloculares, loculis 
divergentibus, demum divaricatis subconfluentibus. Stylus apice subaequaliter bifidus. Achema 

reticulato-rugosa. . * 

This genus only differs from Teucrium by the abortion of the two upper st&mina. A. ccerulea 

is most nearly allied to Teucrium orientate. 

27. Trichostema. Linn— Calyx campanulatus, oblique 5-fidus, resupinatus. Corolla, tubo 
calyce incluso, v. exserto incurvo, bilabiata : labio superiori integro falcato, v. bifido, lobis 
demissis: inferiori 3-fido, lobis lateralibus suberectis, medio patente. Stamina 4, ascendentia, e 
labio superiori longe exserta, falcata. Antherge biloculares^ loculis demum divaricatis. Stylus 
apice subaequaliter bifidus. Achenia reticulato-rugosa. 

This genus is allied to Amethystea and to Isanthus, which latter genus ought perhaps to be 
brought to this tribe ; but my specimens are not good enough to euable me to ascertain precisely 

the direction of the stamina. - 

28. Ajuga, Linn. Calyx ovatns, subaequalis, 5-fidus. Corolla tubo subexserto, bilabiata: 

labio superiori abbreviato erecto integro vel emarginato, inferiori majore patente trifido. 
Stamina 4, ascendentia, h labio superiori exserta. Antherae 2-loculares, loculis divergentibus 
vel divaricatis subconfluentibus. Stylus apice subaequaliter bifidus. Achenia reticulato-rugosa. 

29. Anisomeles. Br Calyx ovatus, subaequdis, 5-dentatus. Corolla tubo calycem sub- 

aequante, bilabiata, labio superiori abbreviato erecto integro, inferiori majore patente 3-fido. 
Stamina 4, ascendentia, e labio superiori exserta. Antherae longiorum dimidiatae, breviorum 
biloculares, loculis parallelis transversalibus. Stylus apice subaequaliter bifidus. Achenia laevia. 

30 ? Collinsonia. Linn Calyx ovatus, bilabiatus, labio superiori 3-dentato, inferiori bifido. 

Corolla bilabiata, labio superiori abbreviato 4-dentato, inferiori elongato lacerato-fimbriato. 
Stamina fertilia 2, rarius 4, ascendentia(?), exserta. Antherae biloculares, loculis divaricatis. 
Stylus subaequaliter profunde bifidus. Achenia sicca, laevia, tribus saepius abortivis. 

TribuS 4. MONARDE^. , , 

Corolla subaequaliter bilabiata. Stamina, 2 labii inferioris ascendentia, e labio superion 
exserta vel ei subaequalia, antheris margine connexis ; labii superioris abortiva v. rariiis fertilia, 
tubo subinclusa, antheris liberis. _ ^ 

31. Monarda. Linru — Calyx cylindricus, 15-nervis, subaequalis, 5-dentatus, intvis fauce vil- 
losa. Corolla tubo longe exserto, fauce subinflata, bilabiata, labiis subaequalil)us ; superiori erecto 
lineari integro, inferiori patente 3-fido. Stamina fertilia 2, ascendentia, e labio superiori exserta- 
Antherae margine connexae, biloculares, loculis divaricatis. Stylus apice subaequaliter bifidus. 
Achenia sicca, laevia. ^ i u* 

32. Blephilia. Rafin Calyx ovato-cylindricus, lO-nervis, intus fauce nuda, bilabiatus, labio 

superiori 3.dentatus dentibus subulato-aristatis, inferiori 2-dentatus dentibus breviter aristatis 
vel muticis. Corolla tubo exserto, fauce inflata, bilabiata, labiis subaequalibus : superiori erecto 
lineari integro, inferiori patente trifido. Stamina fertilia 2, ascendentia, e labio superiori exserta- 
Anther»- margine connexae, biloculares, loculis divaricatis. Stylus apice subaequaliter bifidus. 

Achenia sicca, laevia. • j.-/' 

The Monarda hirsuta Pursh, belongs to this genus, as well as the M. ciliata Linn, or Blephtm 

ciliata Rafin* • 

33. Zizyphora. Linn, — Calyx elongato-cylindricus, iS-nervis, subaequaliter 5-dentatus, 
intiis fauce viilosd. Corolla tubo calycem subaequante, bilabiata, labiis subaequalibus : superion 
erecto lineari integro, inferiori patente 3-fido. Stamina fertilia 2, ascendentia, e labio superiori 
exserta vel rarius eo subbreviora. Antherae margine connexae, biloculares, loculis divaricatis. 
Styli lobus superior brevissimus. Achenia sicca, laevia. i i, K 

Cunila cauitata Linn, auoears to me to have been correctlv referred to this ffenus, althoug 



/ 



> 



secting, I have not been able to ascertain whether the anthers are constantly connected even in 
their young state. Under an ordinary microscope the style of C. lythrifolia appears entire, though 
by means of a powerful lens a slight fissure may be observed. In C. mariana the fissure is rather 
more apparent. 

35, Rosmarinus. Linn Calyx campanulatus, bilabiatus, labio superiori integro, inferior! 

bifido, intus fauce nud&. Corolla tubo exserto, fauce subinflata, bilabiata, labiis subiequalibus : 
superiori erecto emarginato, inferiori patente 3.fido. Stamina fertilia 2, ascendentia, h labio 
superiori exserta. Antherae margine connexae, biloculares, loculis divaricatis. Styli lobus superior 
brevissimus. Achenia sicca, laevia. 

36. Synandra. NutL gen. 2. /). 30. 



CoroHa bilabiata* 



Tribus 5. NkpetEjE. 
Stamina ascendentia, labio superiori breviora. 



Antherae liberse* Achenia 



sicca* 



This tribe comprehends a large portion of the genera of Labiatae, many of them apparently 
diflfering much from one another, but very difficult to reduce further Into natural groups. The 
divisions I have here adopted, for the sake of convenience, are purely artificiaL 

§. L Calyx cequalis vei obUquus^ b-lO'dentatus^ nee bilabiatus* 

• Stamina i tubo exserta. Anther <b perfecta. 

37* Leonotis. Br. — Calyx ovatus, lO-nervis, oblique 8-10-dentatus, int&s fauce nudA. 
Corolla tubo exserto, bilabiata : labio superiori erecto elongato fomicato, inferiori brevissimo 
reflexo patente 3-fido. Stamina 4, sub labio superiori ascendentia. Antherae biloculares, loculis 
divaricatis subconfiuentibus. Styli lobus superior brevissimus. Achenia sicca, laevia. 

38. Leucas. Br. — Calyx ovatus v. cylindricus, 10-nervis, aequalis v, ore obliquus, 8-10-dentatus ; 
fauce intus nuda v. villosa. Corolla tubo calycem subaequante, bilabiata : labio superiori erecto 
ovato fornicato integro : inferiori patente 3-fido, lobo medio integro. Stamina 4, sub labio supe- 
riori ascendentia. Antherae, loculis divaricatis confluentibus, subuniloculares. Styli lobus superior 
brevissimus. Achenia sicca, laevia. 

Dr. Wallich's Indian collection contains 22 species of this genus, of which 17 are new. 

39. Phlomis. Br. — Calyx tubulosus, 10-nervis, 5-gonus, aequalis, 5-dentatU8, intus fauce 
nuda V. villosa. Corolla tubo calycem subaequante, 2-labiata, labiis subaequalibus : superiori com* 
presso galeato incumbente integro v. emarginato : inferiori patente 3-fido, lobis lateralibus minimis, 
medio integro. Stamina 4, sub labio superiori ascendentia- Antherae biloculares, loculis divari- 
catis subconfiuentibus. Styli lobus superior brevissimus. Achenia sicca, laevia. 

Link {Handbuch, p. 479) has formed a separate genus, under the name of Phlomidopsis^ of 
the P. tuberosa Linn., giving as the character '^ calyx dentibus rotundatis sub apice subulatis;" 
but this is more or less the case with most of the Phlomides, and is so irregular that it cannot 
form the distinctive mark of a genus. However, the P. tuberosa Linn., herba venti Linn., 
macrophylla Wall-, and probably most of the herbaceous species, might form a separate section, 
characterised by the calyx naked inside, and by the upper stamina being produced below their 
point of insertion into a sort of spur. The P. parviflora Wall. cat. herb, ind- no. 2066, and 
rugosa Wall. 1. c- no. 2067, appear to have fleshy achenia, and, if so, form a new genus of the 
order Prasieae, allied to Gomphostemma Wall. ; but the specimens are too imperfect to determine 
this point. The P. alba Forsk, and moluccoides Vahl, with neither of which I am acquainted, do 
not appear, from the descriptions given, to be true Phlomides. ' 

40. Notochaete. Benth Calyx tubulosus, 5-nervis, 5-dentatus, intiis fauce nuda, nervii sub 

apice dentium in setam hamatam prodnctis. Corolla tubo calycem subaequante, bilabiata, labiis 

iMequalibus : superiori erecto fomicato integro ; inferiori patente 3-fido, lobo medio Integra. 
Stamina 4, sub labio superiori ascendentia. Filamenta superiorum basi sub insertione breviter 
calcarata. Antherae biloculares, loculis demum divaricatis. Stylus a|)ice subaf»qualiter bifidus. 

Achenia sicca, laevia. 

Species unica, N. hamosa. Benth. In WalL cat. herb. ind. no. 2068. 

41. Ballota. Linn Calyx hypocrateriformis, aequalis, 10-nervig, plicatus, dentibui 5 tub^ 

foliaceo-dilatatis mucronatis, intus fauce nud^. Corolla tubo calyce subbreviore, bilabiata, labiis 
subaequalibus: superiori erecto integro fornicato : inferiori subpatente 3-fido, lobo medio bifida 
Stamina 4, sub labio superiori ascendentia. Antherae biloculares, loculis divaricatis. Stylus apice 

subaeqaaliter bifidus. Achenia sicca, laevia. 

42. Beringeria. Necker Calyx infundibuliformis, 10-nerris, aequalis, dentibus 10 foliaceo- 

dtlatatis patulis mucronatis, intiis fauce villosd. Corolla tubo calycem bubaequante vel exserto, 
bilabiata, labiis subaequalibus: superiori erecto lineari fomicato integro vel dentato: inferiori 
patente trifido, lobo medio integro* Stamina 4, sub lablo superiori ascendentia. Antherss 
biloculares, loculis divaricatis. Stylus apice subaequaliter bifidus. Achenia sicca, lasvia vel 

minutissim^ punctulata. 

To this genus should be referred, besides the B. dnereay acetabulosa^ smd pseudodictamnus of 
Link { Handbtich^ p, 478), the Marrubium africanum Linn., crispum Linn., hispanicum Linn., 

hirsutum WiUd., and probably also the M. orientate Spreng- 

43. Roylea. Wall* Calyx ovato-tubulosus, aequalis, lO-nervis, semi -5-fidu8, laciniis oblongis 

venosis erectis, intus fauce subviDos4, CorolU cslyce brevior, bilabiata, labiis subaequttlflms :, 
superiori erecto fomicato int^ro : inferiori patente 3*fido, lobo medio integro. Stamina 4, sub 
labio superiori ascendentia. Antherae biloculares, loculis divaricatis* Stylus apice subaequaliter 

bifidus. Achenia sicca, laevia. - 

Soecies unica, R. elegans. Wall cat. herb. ind. no. 2069. {Ballota cinerea. Don prod. fl. 
nepat 111 ?) 



J4h 



r 



This genus is nearly allied in character to the two precedincr, but differs much from both in 
habit. It was dedicated by Dr. Wallich to hia friend Dr. Royle, superintendent of the Botanic 
Garden at Saharunpur. 

44. J\loluccella. Linn Bracteae subulato-spinosae. Calyx amplus, campanulatus, subaequalis, 

V. dente superiori majore obliquus, reticulato venosns, sub 5-8-dentatus, Corolla calyce brevior, 
bilabiata^ lal>iis subsequalibus : superior! erecto fornicato integro : inferiori patente 3-fido, lobo 
medio bifido. Stamina 4, sub labio superiori ascendentia. Antherae biloculares, loculis divari- 

catis. Stylus apice subaequaliter bifidus. Acheuia sicca, Isevia. > \ 

45. Eriophyton. Benth, — Bracteae foliaceae. Calyx amplus, campanulatus, aequalis, dentibus 
5 ovatis subspinosis. Corolla tubo calyce subbreviore, bilabiata : labio superiori amplo galeato 
compresso emarginato, inferius abbreviatum 3.fidum involvente. Stamina 4, sub labio superiori 
ascendentia. Antherae biloculares, loculis divaricatis. Stylus apice subaequaliter bifidus. Achenia 
sicca, laevia. 

'. Species unica, E. Wallichiu Benth. in Wall. cat. herb. ind. no. 2070. 

46. Chasmonia. PresL — Bracteae subulato-spinosae. Calyx amplus, turbinatus, oblique 
sub 6-dentatud : dente superiori maximo, inferioribusque obsoletis sinubusque 3 inferioribus 
spinosis. Corolla tubo calyce incluso, bilabiata : labio superiori erecto ovato-spathulato sub- 
piano emarginato : inferiori minore patente 3-fido, lobo medio bifido. > Stamina 4, sub labio supe- 
riori ascendentia* Antherae biloculares, loculis divaricatis. Stylus apice subaequaliter bifidus. 
Achenia sicca, laivla. 

47. Leonurus. Ltnw— Calyx ovatus v. campanulatus, 5-10-nervis, aeqtialis, dentibus 5 subu- 
latis, intus fauce nudd. Corolla tubo subexserto, bilabiata, labiis subsequalibus : superiori erecto 
integro subplano v. fornicato, inferiori patente 3-fido : lobo medio integro v. bifido. Stamina 4, 
sub labio superiori ascendentia. Antherae biloculares, loculis par^lelis. Stylus apice sub- 
aequaliter bifidus. Achenia sicca. 

The Panzeria Moench, which I should, with Persoon, consider as a section of this genus, 
difiers from the true Leonuri by the fornicate upper lip of the corolla, and by the emarginate or 
2-cleft middle division of the lower lip ; but as the habit of all the species is so much aUke, I do 
not think these differences sufficient to constitute a separate genus. 

48. Galeobdolon. Huds — Calyx campanulatus, 6-nervis, subaequalis, 5-dentatus, intus fauce 
nudi. Corolla tubo calycem subaequante, bilabiata : labio superiori erecto incurvo subfornicato 
integro : inferiori minore patente trifido, lobis lateralibus reflexis, medio integro. Stamina 4, 
sub labio superiori ascendentia. Antherae biloculares, loculis demum divaricatis. Stylus apice 
subflequaliter bifidus. Achenia sicca, laevia. 

49. Galeopsis. Linn Calyx campanulatus, sub 10-nervis, aequalis, 5-dentatus, aristatus, 

Jntus fauce nuda. Corolla tubo exserto, fauce inflatd bidentatd, bilabiata, labiis subaequalibus : 
superiori erecto integro v. crenulato fornicato, inferiori patente 3-fido. Stamina 4, sub labio 
superiori ascendentia. Antherae biloculares, locuhs subparallelis, valvulis intus ciliatis v. nudis. 
Stylus apice subaequaliter bifidus. Achenia sicca, laevia- 

In the section Tetrahitum^ which Presl considers as a distinct genus, the valves of the anthers 
are not ciliate ; but I can perceive no other difference. 

50. Lamium. Linn. — Calyx campanulatus, subaequalis, 10-nervis, 5-dentatus, aristatus, 
intils fauce nuda. Corolla tubo exserto, fauce inflata, bilabiata, labiis subaequdibus : superiori 
erecto integro fornicato : inferiori patente 3-fido, lobis lateralibus suberectis antice dentatis, medio 
emarginato. Stamina 4, sub labio superiori ascendentia. Antherae biloculares, loculis divaricatis, 
margine extus barbatis. Stylus apice subaequaliter bifidus. Achenia sicca, laevia. 

61. Orvala. Linn — Calyx campanulatus, subaequalis, sub 5-nervis, 5-dentatus, aristatus, 
intijs fauce nud4. ^ Corolla tubo exserto, fauce inflata dentata, bilabiata, labio superiori erecto 
fornicato dentato : inferiori patente 3-fido, lobis lateralibus reflexis, medio emarginato. Stamina 4, 
sub labio superiori ascendentia. Antherae biloculares, loculis divergentibus, demiim divaricatis. 
Stylus apice subaequaliter bifidus. Achenia sicca, laevia. 

52. Physostegia. Benth Calyx ovatus, post anthesin inflatus, sub lO-nervis, breviter 

6-dentatus, intus fauce nud^. Corolla tubo exserto, fauce inflate edentuld, bilabiaU, labiis sub- 
aequalibus : superiori erecto integro v. emarginato subfornicato : inferiori patente 3-fido, lobo 
medio integro. Stamina 4, sub labio superiori ascendentia. Antherae 2-loculares, loculis 
parallelis. Stylus apice subaequaliter bifidus. Achenia sicca, laevia. - 

This genus includes Dracocephalum virginianum Linn., D. variegaium Vent., D. deniiculatum 
Ait., and probably also D. cordatum Nutt. 

53. Sphacele. Bent?^, — Calyx campanulatus, subaequalis, l3-15-nervis, venosus, 5-dentatus, 
'Pt^ fauce nud4. Corolla tubo exserto, fauce subinflata, bilabiata, labiis subaequalibus : superior! 
orecto bifido subplano : inferiori patente 3-fido, lobis Literalibus reflexis, medio bifido, laciniis 
reflexis. Stamina 4, sub labio superiori ascendentia- Antherae biloculares, loculis linearibus 
divergentibus. Stylus apice subaequaliter bifidus. Achenia sicca, laevia. 

Species omnes Chileuses facie Salviae. 1. S. Lindlei Benth. (Stachys salvias, Lindley hot. 
reg. U 1226. folia basi hastato-sagittata). 2. S- mhhasiata Benth. (folia basi subhastata vel 
truncata). 3. S. campanulata Benth. (folia parva basi attenuata). 



54. Betonica. Linn — Calyx ovatus, lO-nervis, aequalis^ 5-dentatus, aristatus, intus fauce 



.4 




Achenia sicca, Isevia. 

55. Stachys. Linn. supr^. 



(To be continued.) 



1:11^0. 




-y\A 





. ;/ y^'-^ c^^ 



f^} 






./, / t-' y 



c /-■• 



'ytcc.../U€y O^^r-/ ./r^g. 



ft 



-• 



J^-' , . ■ 



ft 



1290 



MICROSTYLIS* ophioglossoides ; /3. meocicana. 



Mexican Snake' s-tongue-leaved Microstylis 



s 



GYNANDRIA MONANDRIA. 



\ 



w 

Nat. ord. Orchi 
MICROSTYLIS 



§ Malaxidese Lindley : ♦ Pleurothalleae. 
Sepala patentia, libera ; lateralia basi sequalia 
patentia, linearia v. filiformia. Lahellum pa- 
tentissimum, cum columiia angulum rectum formans, tasi excavatum, 

V. dentatum, tuberculis nulJis. 



saepiiis breviora. 



sagittatum v. auriculatum, integerrimum 



Columna minima, raro paululilm elongata, apice dentibus sea auribus duabus 
instructa. < Pollinia 4, collateralia.- — Herbae terrestres v. epiphytcSy habitu 
Liparis, foliis plicatis v, membranaceis , basi rath incrassatis. Flores 



herhacei, nunc flavescentes v. d 
Orchideous Plants, part 1. ined. 



and Spe 



& 



M. ophioglossoides ; caule unifolio, racemo obtuso capitato multifloro, labello 
tridentato. L c. 



Malaxis 



Michaux 



Malaxis ophioglossoides. Willd. no. 3. Lodd, bot. cab, 1. 1146. excellent. 
Microstylis ophioglossoides. Nutt, gen. 2. 196. 

^. mexicana; caule pedali, racemo densiore, labelli dente media lateralibus 
minore. L c. 



^ 

This genus was instituted by Mr. Nuttall, but with a 
very erroneous description. It is, however, most distinctly 
characterised, and has been since proposed by Dr. Blume 
under the name of Crepidium; ana by Dr. Wallich, in his 
manuscript papers, under that of Thyreochilus. Fourteen 
species are known to us, of which five are unpublished. 
Malaxis monophyllos Willd., diphyllos of Chamisso, umbel- 
lulata and spicata of Swartz, acuminata of Don, Rheedii 
Willd., Crepidium flavescens Blume, and Ophrj^s macro- 
stachya Llave, all belong to the genus. We shall give the 
characters of these and other species in a work specially 



r 

* So named from ^<xgJj, small, and rtvX^y a column ; in allusion to the 
very small size of what is called the column in this plant. 



V 



devoted to the subject, which will appear in the spring 
of the following year, with illustrations drawn from the 
admirable sketches of Mr. Bauer. 

■ ^ 

+ 

The subject of the accompanying plate was raised in 
the Garden of the Horticultural Society, from roots trans- 
mitted from Mexico by Mr. John Brown. It grows in the 
greenhouse, in a pot, coming up every year in the spring, 
flowering for five or six weeks, and then dying down. The 
inflorescence is remarkable, when it first appears, for its 
very depressed state. The axis afterwards elongates ; and 
what was at first an umbel, becomes a corymbose raceme. 
In the figure this is pretty well shewn ; but the leaf is 
represented too cordate, and the form of the labellum is, 
as may be seen from the magnified figure, inaccurate. 

It is impossible to distinguish this from the M. ophio- 
glossoides of North America, which is well figured in 
Mr. Loddiges* Botanical Cabinet. It diff'ers in its greater 
stature, it is true, and also in the proportion borne by the 
middle lobe of the labellum to the side ones ; but we doubt 
whether the species of Orchid eous plants are to be charac- 



terised by marks so slight as these. 



( 



J. L. 



\ 



*T 



7£^/ 




1 



* i 



J A Uza/d'. old'. 



£fuJ^/y^ y^S^y^/ry^ /^, 






/. ;^i^^ 



^. -^ 



/ 



1291 



/ 

^ 



DENDROBIUM * secundum 



One-sided Dendrobium. 



J' 



"* 



GYNANDRIA MONANDRIA. 



Nat. ord. Orchideje. § Malaxideee Lindl. * Dendrobieae 
DENDROBIUM. — Suprd, vol. 7. fol 548. 



V4 

1* 



§ Caules undique foliosiy cylindracei, scsph pendulL 
D. secundum; caulibus pendulis, foliis oblongis apice obllqu^ retusis, 
racemis lateralibus terminalibusque secundis, sepalis ovatis : lateralibus 
basi in cornu longo obtuso incurvo connatis, petalis supremo paulo 
minoribus, labello integerrimo acuto apice tumido, — Lindley, Genera and 
Species of Orchideous Plants^ part I. ined. 
D, secundum. WalL in cat, herb. ind. 
Pedilonum secundum. Blnme Bijdrag. p. 322. / 






For an opportunity of presenting the public with a figure of this 
fine species, we have to thank Mr. Tate^ of the Sloane Street Nur- 
sery, by whom a plant in flower was communicated in July last. 
It had been collected at Rajah Bassa, in Sumatra, by William 
M'Killigin, Esq. , , . 

It appears, from Dr. Wallich^s drawing^, to be a most lovely 
species in its native places of growth, forming long pendent stems, 
which throw out an aoundance of one-sided racemes oi purple flowers 
5 or 6 inches long. The specimen now represented blossomed 
imperfectly, a^ its sterns^ bad oeea allowed to remain in an erect, 
instead of pendent position. The habit of this, and many other 
Dendrobriums, being to hang down from the trees on which they 
grow, it is impossible to cultivate them with any success unless they 
are suspendea in the air in pots, or otherwise so managed that they 
can shoot freely In the way that is natural to them. 

If we are right in Dr. Blume's synonym, which we can scarcely 



' I 



* So called from 3t»3g«r, a tree, and ^S^oW, to live; the species all 



growing upon trees* 



F ^-^ 



doubt, this species is a native of mountainous places in Java. Dn 
Wallich found it in one of the Islands in the Straits of Malacca, and 



of Dried 



Martaban 



\ 



history 



as 



Dr. Blume's genus Pedilonura is characterised by the cohesion of 
its lateral sepals into a spur; but as this character is not in any 
degree connected with habit, and can frequently not be determined 
with accuracy, in consequence of the numerous and insensible gra- 
dations of union between the sepals, and is, moreover, unaccompanied 



J. L 



Note. 

■ 

Number of the Botanical Mag 



Stanhopea insignis. As this is likely to 



,,^^ t.«^«crE.<^«, uiiuci LUC xiaiiic ui t^iannopea insignis. as mis is ukcij ^^ 

attract attention, and will probably be soon a common plant in collections 



Magkk 



name 



Lodd 



T 



i 



able Court of Directors of the East India Company, which has just ap- 
peared. This catalogue already comprehends upwards of 2000 species, 
of the greater part of which specimens have been, or will be, pre- 
sented to scientific institutions and persons in every part of the 
civilised world. Large as is the number already enumerated, it is to 
be considered as a mere fragment of what th^ catalogue will event- 
ually contain, so stupendous are the stores from which the collection 
is derived, and so unreserved is the liberality of the generous and 
enlightened donors. We trust that this splendid example will be 
followed by other bodies in whose possession are similar extensive 
collections, whether Botanical or belonging to any department of ^ 

Natural History whatsoever. To keep the duplicates, triplicates, 
and mulliplicates of collections which have often cost the public 
large sums of money, and which have always been formed at great 
personal risk and trouble, — we say, to keep such collections locked 
Tip in chests, deposited in cellars, or tied up in bundles, in public 
museums, where they can only become the food of insects, or the 
victims of dust and time, is cruel towards those by whom they were 
procured, unjust towards the community, unworthy of men of Hberal 
minds, and most injurious to the best interests of science. It is 
highly to the honour of Great Britain that this system of distributing 
the duplicates of public collections should have originated with her; , 

and we are sure that, whether this example is followed by the British \ 

and other Governments, as we trust that it speedily will be, or not, * 

the name of the English East India Company will stand in the 
records of science as far above that of all other associations of indi- 







'■\ <y/. k/-. .-/ .^ 



i''-y ^ 



'/. 








ly'K 




/ ■ / / , 

f 



--- 



- ^"- . --., 



i 



.. / /di9Cr 



1292 ' 



LEPECHINIA* spicata. 



Spiked Lepechima. 



'*v. 



DIDYNAMIA GYMNOSPERMIA 

h 

Nat ord. Lab fat iE. § Nepetece. Bentham. ^ 

LEPECHINIA WiUd Co/yj? campanulatus, 13.nervi8,bilabii 

biaristato. post anthesin inflexo calyce 



Corolla tnho calyce breviori, bilabiata : labio superior! erecto e™»y»?»*° »"}'PI^"° '^^^ 
patente 3-fido, lobo medio integerrimo. Stamina 4, sub labio superion ascendentia ^^^'^^ 
divergentia. Anthera, bilocukres, loculis divergentibus demum divancatis. Stylus apice sub- 
aequaliter bifidus. Achenia sicca, l«via — Bentham. 



L. spicata. Willd. hort. berol. I. p. 21. t. 21. enum. 2. 612. Kunth synopsis, 2. 87 
Horminum caulescens. Orteg. dec p. 63. Pers. syrwps. 2. lAi. 



+ 
J 



We have freciuently 

suppose 



With 



hardy annual or biennial, growing a foot or two high, flowering from June to 



i6reased 



figu 



Willdenow 



and Mr. Bentham*s amended character of the genus. 



We 



Labiatse 



will appear hereafter. 



Is 'f'^ J. L. 



rom 



" 56. Chaiturus. J.f«ncA._Calyx ovatu, 5 lO-nervi,, «<l"^i«'f ,f,^,***;;^^^ 
nud4. Corolla tubo calycem sub«quante, b labiata, l^bn» «ub«qual bus upen^^^ 

^"^-'V^r^Benth ^-'- ...wUKn,„. mb 10-nervi., squalls, 5^eutatu«, fauce coarctalA 



intus nud4. Corolla tubo .ubexserto, bilabiata, '»°"'»„f""fXi sub labio superioriaw^ndend.. 
fornicato : inferiori patente 3-fido, lobo medio integro. Stamina 4 sub bjio su^r^n 
Antherae biloculares, loculis divaricatis. StyU lobus superior breviss.mus. Acnema sicca, p 

^^'^^ir 2 Indie. 1. C. elongata Bentb, in Wall. cat. herb. ind. no. 2079. 2. C. dicHotonu. 

Benth. in 1. c. no. 2080. Habitus Craniotomis. | -.winbosus sub 10-nerv«, aequalis, 

58. Craniotome. Reichenb.-Csly. pvatus, Pe^^^j^^^^-J^J^^jSlTUio "uperiorl br^ 
5-dentatus, fauce coarctatd intus villosa.v ^orolU tubo^erto J^f^ . '^^ ^^^ ^dentia. 
vissimo erecto integro, inferiori longiore paUte S-fido. Stam ma *' T* ^^j. ^^jg ^ Achenia 

AnthenE bilocul^ loculis demum divaricatis. Stylus apice sub«quaiiter om 

ticca, laevia. 
Thi 



5 genus appears to me to have no affinity 
69. Nepeta. Ltnn. — Calyx tubulosus, basi 



CJorolla tubo 8u!)«8erto 



fauce inflala, bilabiata, labiis »ub. 



aeqnalibus: superiori erecto emarginato 



jequahbus: superion erecto emargmavu "»*"^''" . ,„u f^bio superiori ascendentia. Antbem 
lateralibus reflexis, medio lato concavo. Stamina \^^^Jf^'ll Achenia sicca minuti rugoso 
biloculares, loculis divaricatis. Stylus apice suba^qualiter bifidus. Achenia sioa, m n u^ 

punctata, rariiis laevia. . «„.i:. t;_i1pntAtnft intus fauce r\\\Ak 

'^ 60. Glechoma. Linn—Calyx tubulostis, 15;»«r^»' *^"^?L/.:^^"uSri er^^ subplan. 
Corolla tubo exserto, fauce inflati, bilabiata, labiis .Qbequalibus . superion erecui f 






VOL. XV. 



• Named after Lepechin, a Russian Botanist and travdler. 



emarginato : inferiori patente 3-fido, lobo medio integro piano. Stamina 4, sub labio superiori 
ascendentia, breviora vix e lubo exserta. Antherae biloculares, loculis ante anthesin parallelis, 
demum divergentibus v. divaricatis. Stylus apice subaequaliter bifidus. Achenia sicca, laevia. 
This f^enus is scarcely distinguishable from Nepeta. 

61. Colquhounia. fFaW. -^ Calyx campanulatus, 10-nervis, sabaequalis, 5-dentatus, intus 
fauce nudL Corolla tubo exserto incurvo, fauce inflata, bilabiata, labiis subaequalibus : superiori 
erecto integro subfomicato : inferiori patente 3-fido, lobo medio integro. Stamina 4, sub labio 
superiori ascendentia. Antherse biloculares, loculis divaricatis. Stylus apice subaequaliter bifidus. 
Achenia sicca, superne alata. 

Dr. Wallich's collection contains, besides C. coccinea^ two new species ; C- elegans Wall. cat. 
no. 2084, and C. vesttta Wall. cat. no. 2086. 

62. Achyrospermum. Blume Bijdragen^ p. 840. A genus apparently allied to Colquhounia. 
63 ? Holmskioldia. Reiz, — Calyx amplus, campanulatus, membranaceus, venosus, margine 

subintegerrimo. Corolla tubo exserto, fauce vix inflata, bilabiata, labio superiori abbreviato 
erecto integro : inferiori subpatente trifido, lobis lateralibus brevissimis, medio longiori integro. 
Stamina ascendentia, exserta. Antherse biloculares, loculis parallelis. Stylus apice subinteger. 
Achenia sicca ? rugosa. 

•* Stamina e tubo exserta* Antherte dimidiatcB vel cassce, 
€4 ? Hemigenia- J?r. prodr, p, 502. 



Stamina infra tuhum inclusa* 



* 



^. Sideritis. Ltnra. — Calyx ovatus, campanulatus, 10-nervis, eequalis, vel dente superiore 
majore obliquus, S-dentatus, spinosus, intus fauce viUosa. Corolla tubo calycem subaequante, 
bilabiata : labio superiori erecto bifido subplano : inferiori patente trifido, lobo medio emarginato. 
Stamina 4, ascendentia, iutra tubum inclusa. Antheraj biloculares, loculis divaricatis, staminum 
inferiorum saepius cassae v. abortivae. Stylus apice breviter bifidus, lobo inferiori membranaceo 
superiorem clavatum basi involvente. Achenia sicca. 

66. Marnibium. Linn> — Calyx ovatus, 10-nervis, striatus, subaequalis, dentibus 5Y. lOfigidis 
patulis : int^s fauce villosa. Corolla tubo subexserto, bilabiata : labio superiori erecto linear! 
bifido subplano : inferiori patente trifido, lobo medio crenulato. Stamina 4, ascendentia, intra 
tubum corollae inclusa. Antherae biloculares, loculis divaricatis saepius confluentibus. .Stylus 
apice breviter bifidus, lobis conicis, superiori breviore. Achenia sicca. 

The above characters will probably include all the species of Marrubium which remain after 
the exclusimi of those I have referred to Beringeria, and of the M. mollissimum Don, which 
appears to be a Leucas. 

67. Lavandula. Linn. — Calyx ovatus, 13-nervis, subaequalis, 5-dentatus, dentibus 4 sub- 
aequalibus, quinto summo apice appendiculatim product©. Corolla tubo exserto, bilabiata; labio 
superiori erecto emai^nato v. bifido : inferiori patente trifido. Stamina 4, ascendentia, intra 
tubum corollae inclusa. Antberae biloculares, loculis divaricatis subconfluentibus. Stylus apice 
subinteger, stigmatibus complanatis connatis. Achenia sicca. 

68 ? Phytoxys. Molin, ex Spreng. syst. no. 2081. 

69 ? Rizoa. Cav. ic. 6. p. 56. t. 578. 

^ - * - 

§ 2. Calyx hilabiatus. Anthera biloculares vel connectivo brevi dimidiata. 

70. Dracocephalum. Linn — Calyx tubulosus, 15.nervis,bilabiatus : labio superiori 3-d«itato, 
dentibus ovatis, media saepius latiore : inferiori 2-dentato, dentibus linearibus : intiis fauce nudA. 
Corolla tubo nunc exserto nunc calyce breviori, fauce inflata, bilabiata : labio superiori erecto, 
emarginato, fomicato : inferiori patente trifido, lobo medio emarginato subplano- Stamina 4, 
sub labio superiori ascendentia, approximata. Antherae biloculares, loculis divaricatis. Stylus 
apice subaequaliter bifidus. AcLenia sicca, laevia. 

71. Melissa. Linn Calyx 5 v. sub 13-nervis, campanulatus, bilabiatus, labiis patentibus, 

superiori subplano 3.dentato vel 3-mucronato, inferiori bifido : fauce intus nuda v. vix pilos^. 
Corolla tubo nunc calycem subaequante nunc exserto, fauce subinflata, bilabiata : labio superiori 
erecto emarginato subplano v. rarius fomicato : inferiori patente trifido, lobo medio subplano. 
Stamina 4, sub labio superiori ascendentia, superiora nunc sterilia v. abortiva. Antherae bilocu- 
lares, loculis demiim divaricatis. 

This genus would thus comprehend M. officinalis Linn., pyrenaica Jacq., parviflora Benth. 
in Wall. cat. no. 2825, and flava Wall. cat. no. 2826. I have also referred to it the Cunila 
nepalensis Don prod. fl. nepal. p. 107, which diflfers from the other species of Melissa by the 
constant abortion of the upper stamina, and by the rugose nuts ; but as I liave observed the 
upper stamina to be occasionally sterile in several species of this and other genera of this section^ 
I can scarcely consider the remaining character, of the rugosity of the nuts, sufficient to warrant 
the constituting a separate genus. 

72. Lepechinia. Willd Supra. 

73. Thymbra. Linn Calyx 5-nervi8, ovatus, supra planus angulis dliatis, basi infri 

gibbus, bilabiatus, labio superiori 3-dentato, inferiori bifido: intus fauce villosa. Corolla tubo 
exserto, bilabiata : labio superiori erecto emarginato v. bifido : inferiori patente trifido, lobo medio 
emarginato. Stamina 4, sub labio superiori ascendentia, approximata. Antherae biloculares, 
connectivo crasso, loculis distinctis parallelis. Stylus apice subaequaliter bifidus. Achenia sicca, 

laevia. 

74. Acynos. Mcench — Verticillastra pauciflora. Calyx 13-nervis, tubulosus, basi infra gibbus, 



bilahiatus, labio superiori 3-deutato, iuferiori bifido: iutiis fauce villosa. Corolla tubo nunc 
exserto subinflato, nunc calyce incluso, bilabiata : labio superiori erecto integro y. breviMimft 
: *« „„%.,.io«r^ . inftiMftM T^nfrPTifP 3.fidn. Inhn medio subintefirerrimo. Stamina sub labio 



inferiori 



superiori ascendentia, approximata, superiora nunc stenlia v. abortiva. Anthera biloculares, 
loculis distinctis, connectivo crasso saepius adnatis, subpaiallelis divergentibus v. demum diyan- 
catis. Styli lobus inferior recurvus, complanatus, superiorum brevissimum basi involvens. 

Achenia sicca, laevia. 

This character includes /f^rfeowa Pers. „ .. , . . ri i lo 

75. Gardoquia. Ruiz et Pav Flores in axillis subsolitarn v. laxe cymosi. Calyx 1 J-nervxs, 

tubulosus, basi aequalis, bilabiatus, labio superiori 3-dentato, inferiori bifido, v. rarius subwqualin : 
intus fauce villos4 v, subnuda. Corolla tubo exserto saepius incurvo, fauce vix inflate, bilabiata : 



emarginato 



Stamina sub labio superiori ascendentia, lateraliter divergentia, superiors nunc stenlia. Antherae 
biloculares, loculis divergentibus v. demum divaricatis. Styli lobus inferior recurvus, complanatus, 
superiorem breviorem, nunc brevissimum, basi involvens. Acheiiia sicca. . „ t. • 

These cliaracters are taken from Ruiz and Pavon's specimens in Mr. Lambert s Herbarium. 
The Horticultural Society's collections contain a Chilian plant which bears considerable re- 
semblance to the other Gardoquias, but appears to have the style regularly bifid. The specimens 
are not, however, good enough to enable me to determine exactly its affinities. 

76. Calamintha. Ma^nch.-Florea in axillis subsohtarii v. saepius laxe cyTnosL Calyx 
13-nervis, tubulosus, basi subaequalis, bilabiat.is, labio superiori tndentato, inferior, bifido^ t. 
rariiis sub^qualis : intus fauce villos^ v. rarius subnud4. Coro la tubo sa-pius exserto fmbr«;o, 
fauce 8ubinflat4, bilabiata : labio superiori erecto emarginato subplano s infenon ?*'«"»« t"fido, 
lobo medio emarginato. Stamina sub labio superiori ascendentia, ^PP™'"'"f ^' .''"PX™ JipH^ 
sterilia. Anther^^ biloculares, loculis distinctis, connectivo crasso saepius adnatis S"b^^»«b» 
divergentibus vel demim divaricatis. Styli lobus inferior recurvus, complanatus, superiorem 
breviorem, nunc brevissimum, basi involvens. Achenia sicca, laevia. ^^-^ *„>,„>~,„. basi 

77. Clinopodium. Li««._VerticiUastra conferte multiflora. Calyx 13-nem^, tubulosus, b^si 
sub«qualis, s«pius incurvus, bilabiatus, labio superion tndentato, '"<^f"«" ^i^l^* "^^ ? ^^^^ 

mhnndL CoroUa tubo s^pius exserto, bilabiata : lab o supenon «^^«=»« .«"3^5" '.^P^re' 
-r* . .... . .cj. i„ul -j;«j:^ ^r^o..«.;«atn Stamina sub labio suDcnon aiccnaentia, supe- 



suonuaa. i^oroua luoo &aepiua c^^ciw, ^w«^*«.«. — r—-— . «r^o«iiontift «inp 

inferiori patente trifido, lobo medio emarginato. Stamina sub labio supenon ^^endentia, supe- 
^ora nunc sterilia. Anthene biloculares, loculis distinctis, connectivo crasso »*?« ^J°f "/' »"°- 



parallelis divergentibus v. demum divaricatis. StyU lobus infenor recurvus, complanatus, supe- 
riorem breviorem, nunc brevissimum, basi involvens. Achenia sicca, Iievia. 

These four last genera are separated only by distinctions so ^'^.^^ ^°^j,f jf fi^J^J^S 
ouffht nerhans to form but one, which would be well charactensed by the 13-nervea tuDuiar 
Si fi^S con tantly 16-ner;ed in Nepeta and Dracocephalum, and ovate or campanulate in 
SSTssa! Sjffia, an^d Thymbra\ and especially by the cmfonnation of the style, which i. 
nearly the same as in Sideritjs. 

78. Melittis. Linn, 



campanulatus, subfoliaceus, 

Corolla 



labirsuuerior iato em^Rinato vel bilobo : inferiori bilobo, lobis lato ovatis. Corolla tubo longS 
eteVo7bSatriSo"?uperiori integro, inferiori S-fido, l^^-'^— -jCf;'^" Ch r. 
sub^qu'alibus. Stamina 4, sub labio superion ascendentia. Anthem b^^^;^' l"^*^^" '^ 
yergentibus. Stylus apice breviter bifidus, lobis subsequalibus. Achenia sicca, laevia. 

79. Macbridea. £//io« in Nutt. gen. 2. p. 36. _ • ^ .„»,„Unn 1 dentato vel 

80. Pmnella. Linn. - Calyx ovatus, bilabiatus labio supenon «V.''.£"'' ,S suSrilrf 
3.mucronato, inferiori bifido : intus fauce nudi Corolla tubo exserto, bilabiata^^^^^^^ 

erecto integro fornicato, inferiori patente. trifido. . S^-"^^^'^-^^^^^^^ Seri bXulare; 
Filamenta apice bidentata, dente superion nuda, mferion anthentera. A^ucr* , 

i-.-i- ir f_...._ e...i :«» o..i..„r,i<oi;tor hifidiis. Achenia sicca. . . . . 



Jocuhs divaricatis. btylus apice suoaequamer u'""""- " t 'T..~.^*rtn' ^^Pntato inferiori 

81. Cleonia. Linl - Calyx ovatus, 10-nervis, bilabiatus, ^^''^J^'J^^^^lo ^uZo^ e^ 
bifido : intus fauce viUosA. Corolla tubo long| exserto ^'^tfJ,L ti^rion^^endS 
emarginato fornicato, inferiori patente 3-fido. Stamina. 4, «"b J*'?" XtTer« W^nirrci 
Filamenta apice bidentata, dente superiori nudd, inferu,n ^"»J«"fr^^/fJJf ™ bUocuUreS, 

loculis diver^ntibus. Stylus apice subsquaKter q^ad^^'^"''- ^*= '""'^„V1*; Sbta Jn general 
The stmctnre of the style in this genus seems to /^lew that j^iat of the La^a^ .n^ge^^ 

Aould be considered as consisting of the union of four disUnct «^^^7' /"** *^^^ i j,"; 

ovarium as one of four distinct ovaria connected together. J" ^";^»P^"Sf J^^ urthe di 'i»ioM 
observed a third, and even a fourth, tube in the style, reaching part of the way up tne oivisions 

of the apex, and there terminating in a very small stigma. .„„„„.„ rnnravam dorsalera, 

82. Scu'tellaria. Li-n.-C.ly.oyaU>-CBmv^nUta>^vr^n ^^^^Xn^'^CoroaTtlhi 

appendicifonnem productus : ore bilabiatus, labiis mtegns, P«^„^"^^.^;^^"^'t•^; JT .uberecto 

lo^^e exserto, bu/biata, labio superiori erecto forn.«to iX^^Sji^^^'^T^jJ^i^^rr^ri^^^ 
3-fido. Stamina 4, sub labio supenon ascendentia. Anther* ci as, stamn >T^^ 

-ii™.-i:.*„ :„f».n„„™ o«.«i«t» hibKiilares. loculis divancatis. Styli lobus supenor Drevisnmu. 



Ovarium gynophoro incurvo eleratum. Achenia sicca, lavia, nuoa 
83. Perilomia. Kunth nov. gen. et spec. 2. p. 326. 
84 ? Hemiandra. Br. prod. p. 502. 

g S. Calyx bilabiahu. Anthera dimldiata, connectivo 

Salvia. Linn. — Calyx bilabiatus, labio superiori integro 
Corolla bilabiata. labio superiori erecto fornicato v. falcalo, inler, 



elonyato filiforml 



na 



r. 



fertilia 2, sub labio smperinri asrendentia* Filamenta brevissima, tubo inclusa. Antherae 
dimidiatse ; connect! vo elongate, filiformi, incurve, postice saepius clarato, rarius antherae loculam 
alteram perente. Stylus apice bitidns, lobo superiori saepius breviore. Achenia sicca. 

The Slenarrhena lanata Don prodr, fl. nepal. p. Ill, appears to me to be a species of Salvia 
(S. cana M^all. cat. no. 2145)* 

Tribus 6. PttASiE^. 

Corolla bilahlata. Stamina ascendentia. Achenia carnosa, 

8(>. Prasium. Li7i7u — Calyx campanulatus, 10-nervis, bilabiatus, labio superiori S-fido, 
inferior! bifido, lobis ovatis foliaceis. Corolla tubo calyce breviori, bilabiata, labiis subajqualibus : 
sui)eri(»ri erecto integro subplano : inferiori patente S-fido, lobo medio integro. Stamina 4, sub 
labio superiori ascendentia. Antherae biloculares, loculis divaricatis. Stylus apice subaequaliter 
biiadus, lobis subulatis. Achenia carnosa. 
• Tiiis genus would thus be again confined to the European species. 

87. Phyllostegia. Benth, — Calyx ovatus, 10-nervis, subaequalis, nunc 5-fidus, lobis ovatis 
foliaceis, nunc breviter 5-dentatus. Corolla tubo calycem superante, nunc longe exserto, saepius ' 
incurvo, fauce non inflata, bilabiata ; labio superiori subpatente integro subplano : inferiori 
longiore patente 3-fido, lobis ovatis, medio majore integro. Stamina 4, sub labio superiori 
ascendentia. Antbeni^ biloculares, loculis divergentibus v. demum divaricatis. Stylus apice 
clavatus, breviter bitidns, lobis clavato divaricatis v. lunatis. Achenia carnosa. - Verticil- 
laatra racemosa v. paniculata, foliis fioralibus bracteaeformibus. 

The Herbarium of the Horticultural Society contains nine species of this genus, all gathered 
by their collector, Mr. M^Rae, in the Sandwich Islands. The following are some of the most 
striking characters by which they may be distinguished. 1. P. dentata^ hirsutissima, calycis 
lobis foliaceis dentatis, styli lo]»is clavatis. 2. P. vesHia^ hirsutissima, calycis lobis foliaceis inte^ 
gerrimis, styli lobis clavatis. 3. P. grandijlora (Prasium grandiflorum. Gaudichaud^ atlas du voy. 
de Freyc, t. 65 ?) glabriuscula, calycis lobis subfoliaceis, styli lobis lunatis. 4. P. macrophyllum 
(Prasium macrophyllum GaiidlchA,c. ?), caulefoliisqueglabriusculis, calycibus breviter 5-dentatis, 
styli lobis lunatis, racemis abbreviatis. 5. P. leptostachys^ caule foliisque adpresse villosis, 
calycibus breviter 5-dentatis, styli lobis lunatis, racemis elongatis, verticillastris distantibus. 
6. P. glahrum (Prasium glabrum Gaudich* 1. c. t. 64), pedunculis solitariis axillaribus, trifidis, 
styli lobis clavatis. 7" P* clavata^ stylo apice clavato, brevissime bifido, stigmatibus complanatis 
rectirvis, 8. P. racemosa^ pubescens, foliis oblongis basi cordatis, verticillastris multifloris, styli 
lobis clavatis- 9. P. ? hiri>uta^ hirsutissima, calycibus breviter S-dentatis, foliis lato cordatis, 
verticillastris multifloris paniculato-racemosis. The Prasium parvijlorum Gaudich- 1. c. t* 65, 
appears to be a distinct species from all the above. 

88- Stenogyne- Benth — Calyx ovato-campanulatus, 10-nervis, subaequalis, nunc 5-fidus, lobis 
ovatis foliaceis, nunc breviter 5-dentatu5. Corolla tubo exserto incurvo, fauce inflata, bilabiata, 
labiis subaequalibus : superiori erecto emarginato : inferiori patente 3-fido, lobis subaequalibus. 
Stamina 4, sub labio superiori ascendentia. Antherae biloculares, loculis divaricatis. Stylus 
apice subaequahter bifidus, lobis subulatis. Achenia carnosa. Verticillastra in axillis fohorum 
caulinorum. 

Tbe Horticultural Society's Sandwich Island collection contains the following species of this 
genus also: 1. S. rugosa^ foliis rugoso-nervosis, calycibus aridis acute dentatis. 2. S. ^cropAw- 
laroideSy foliis laeviusculis, calycibus herbaceis obtuse dentatis- 3. S. macraniha^ hirsutissima, 
calycis lobis foliaceis. 

89. Gomphostemma. WalL — Calyx ovatus v. tubulosus, subaequalis, S-dentatus, nunc 
aristatus. Corolla tubo recto exserto, supra medium inflate, bilabiata, labiis subaequalibus, supe- 
rior! erecto integro fomicato, inferiori patente trifido. Stamina 4, sub labio superiori ascendentia. 
Antherae biloculares, loculis parallelis transversal! bus. Stylus apice subwqualiter bifidus, lobis 
subulatis. Achenia carnosa. 

Besides tbe species enumerated by Dr. Wallich in his Catalogue of the East India C 
pany*s collections, the Prasium javanxcum and phlom<ndes Blume should probably be referred to 
this genus." 



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1293 



LEUCOCORYNE* bdorata. 



V 



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Siveet-scented Leucocoryne. 



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f^ 



y 



TRIANDRIA MONOGVNIA. 



Nat. or d. Asphodele-j;. .■ 

LEV CO COR YNE. — Perianthium hypocrateriforme, cum pedicello 
continuum, limbo 6-partito. Stamina 3 fertilia e tube exorta; tria sterilia 
carnosa teretia ^ fauce laciniis corollinis opposita. SquamcB hypogynae 
nullae. Ovarium sessile, triloculare, polyspermum ; stylus teres, cum ovario 
articulatus ; stigma simplex, - — - Herbae {Chilenses), cormis induviatis. 
Flores umbellati. , * * * i 



/ 



i 



« 



T 

Xi^ odorata; foliis linearibus glaucis, limbi laciniis lanceolatis sublacinialis, 

staminibus sterilibus subulatis obtusis, pedunculis subaequalibus tubj 
. , brevioribus^ 



* / 



Folia debilia^ valdh glauca^ linearia, scapi pedalis longituaine. Scapus 
teres. Involucrum bijbliuni, Jloribus h'evius. Umbella S-A-JIora. Flores 
albif odorem Oxyacanthce debilem spiranteSy pedicellis cequalibus dupVo 
hrevioiihus. Perianthium hypocrateriforme ; tuba subcylindraceOy atro- 
vzridij aired medium suhtnmido ; limbo patentee S-parttto : laciniis sub- 
tBqualibus subrecurvis, corollinis nunc laciniatis. Stamina yerf/Zea 3, e 
^edio tuba exorta, subsessilia^ 3 sterilia laciniis corollinis opposita, subu- 
iata, obtusa, ^ fauce, nunc, nee rarb, antherifera; antherse ovatcB, bilocu-- 
lares, longitudinaliter intHs dehiscentes. ^ Ovarium superum, obovatum, 
cylindraceum, 3-loculare, polyspermum, apice truncatum, inirusum; stylus 
staminibus inferioribus demissior, teres, cum ovario articulatus: stigma 
simplex, papillosum. 





This pretty little plant was f j , - 

along with two other species, upon the sides of the mountains lying between 
St. Jago and Valparaiso, in places where the snow had been a few days 
melted. It is rather delicate, requiring in this country the protection of 
a frame or greenhouse, when it produces its fragrant flowers in August. 
It is to be increased by offsets, and grows best in a light loamy soil in which 
some coarse white sand is mixed. It was received from Mr, M'Rae by the 
Horticultural Society in the spring of 1826, and flowered for the first time 
>n August of the same year, at which period the drawing was made. 

From BrodiflPa this o-Pnns fliffprs in the texture of its sterile stamens. 



From Xsi/xo;^ white, and x^^ivn, a club ; fa allusion to the c)iib-like tterile stauient. 



r 

4 



} 

i 

f 



and in the place of insertion of its fertile ones : it is also distinguishable by 
the want of hypogynous scales, which, although not much developed in 
Br. congesta, undoubtedly exist in Br. grandiflora, where, however, they 
have been overlooked by Dr. Hooker in the Botanical Magazine^ both in 
his figure and description. The two other species above alluded to as 
having been found by Mr. M'Rae at the same time with this, were 

1. L. ijcioxdes ; foliis linearibus glaucescentibus, limbi laciniis oblongis laciniaiis subaequali- 
bus, staminibus sterilibus fusiformibufl, pedunculis a^qualibus tubo duplo longioribus. 

Brodisea ixioides. BoL mag, 

2. L- alUacea ; foliis linearibus , limbi laciniis erectis acuminatis subaequalibus, 

staminibus sterilibus clavatis, pedunculis valde insequalibus : longioribus capillaribus. 

Brodisea alliacea. Mier$*s travels* 

Nearly related to Brodisea are two other unpublished genera, to which 
Dr. Hooker has made allusion in the Botanical Magazine, They are both 
characterised by the upper stamens or those opposite the corolline segments 
of the perianthium being fertile; but they differ from each other in the 
position and form of their stamina, and in the form of their perianthium. 

One of these is marked in Mr. Douglas's papers Triteleia, which we 
suspect is a name furnished to him by Dr. Hooker. It may be characterised 
thus ; 

Teiteleia. 

Perianthium hypocra ten forme, cum pedicello continuum, limbo 6-partito- Stamina ff, 
fertilia; tribus h fauce ante lacinias corollinas, tribus e tubo alternis. Squamce hypo- 
gyn% nullae. Ovarium peduneulatum, 3-loculare, polyspermum ; stylus trigonus, cum 

ovario continuus ; stigmata tria Herbae {Austro- et Boreali-AmericarKs) cormis indU" 

viatis, Flores umbellati, 

1. T. bivalvis ; foliis linearibus scapo (palmari) erecto duplo longioribus, mvolucri 

diphylli foliolis latis foliaceis erectis, staminibus superioribus infra faucem exortis. 

Found by Mr. M^Rae at the baths of Collina, near St. Jago in Chile, at the limits 
of the snow. 

2. T.uniflora; foliis linearibus scapo (pedali) debili subaequalibus, involucro vagi- 
nante apice bifido pedunculo filiformi duplo breviore, umbella 1 -flora, staminibus supe- J 
rioribus infra faucem exortis. 

Found in Mendoza by Dr. Gillies, to whom we are indebted for a specimen. 

3. T. grandiflora; foliis linearibus glaucis scapo erecto (2-pedali) brevioribus, in* 
volucro triphyllo patente membranaceo, umbella congesta 5-6-flora, staminibus superioribus 
supra faucem exortis, linea elevatd ad basin tumidd e filamentis tubum decurrente. 

Found in North-west America by Mr. Douglas. It is growing in the Garden of the 
Horticultural Society, where it flowers in July. 

The other genus, which is the Brodisea grandiflora of Nuttall, but riot of 
Smith, is very nearly related to Allium, on which account it may be called 
Hesperoscordum. It serves to establish a transition from the tubular-flowered 
to the hexapetalous genera of Asphodeleee, and is unquestionably no Milleay 
as has been supposed. The following is its essential character : 

H£SF£ROSCORDUM. 

Perianthium campannlatum, 6-fidum, cum pedicello articulatum : laciniis calycinia 

acuminatis carinatis, corollinis obtusis. Stamina 6, fertilia, filamentis dilatatis mem. 

branaceis aequalibus e fauce exortis. Squamw hypogynae nullae. Ovarium sessile, tri* 

loculare, polyspermum ; stylus teres, cum ovario articulatus ; stigma simplex. Capsuia 

3-locularis, 3-valvis, polysperma, valvis medio septiferis, Semina ni^a, angulata, sub- 

cruatacea Flores umbellati. Herba {Borealu Americana) cormis induviatis. Flores 

umheUati, 

Hesperoscordum hyadnthinum, 
Brodiaea grandiflora. Nuttall gen. 21 5. 

Native of the plains of the Missouri and of the nortb*west of America, in which last 
country it was found by Mr. Douglas. 

J.L. 






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1294 



ZINNIA* violacea ; var. coccinea 



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^ - 



Scarlet Zinnia. 



- r 



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I 



SYNGENESIA SUPERFLUA, 



Nat. ord. Compositje. § 



r 



Cassini, 



ZINNIA. — Involucrum oblongo-campanulatum, aut hemispheericum, 
polyphyllum, imbricatum. Receptaculum conicum, paleaceum. Flosculi 
disci tubulosi hermaphroditi ; radii ligulati foeminei. Achenia disci com- 
pressa, apice emarginato-bidentata, denie altero saep^ aristato ; achenia r^dii 

corollEi persistente coronata. Herbae oppositifoUce. Folia Integra. Flores 

terminates, solitarii^ lutein coccinei, aut rariils violacei. — Kunth synops. 



2. 489. 



r 
I 



Z. violacea ; foliis ovato-acutis sessilibus subconnatis, paleanim apicibus 
fimbriato-serratis. Cavanilles icones, 1. 57. t. 81. Pers. synops. 2. 458. 

Bot. rep. 1. t. 55. 
2. elegans. Jacg. ic. rar. 3. t. 589. collect. 5. 152. 



Willd 



Spreng. syst. 3. 578. . . 

Herba annwa, characteribus omninb_Z. violaceee, pr<Eter colorem p 

lorum radii intense coccineum. 




7 

This splendid plant came up among some Mexican 



seeds presented to the Horticu 
Mill, Esq 



Society by J. S 




Its appearance was so entirely that of Zinnia violacea, 
that till it flowered its beauty was not suspected ; and this 
unfortunately took place at so late a period of the recent 
rainy, sunlefes season, that we fear no good seeds ot it were 
saved. 

Our drawing was made in September, and may be the 



,/ 



Named 



lonour of John Gotttned zinn, a proie^^ui ut *.-.«.. ^ -. 

vzoxungen; oorn in 1727, died in 1759. He is ^^^'^Ay/r^/'^^.^/^f 

having made some experiments to ascertam the cause of the '"'tab.l'ty of 

,^ ,, , .'i , .1 . 1 ^^ n^c,m<>nf>iiia vircratiis woula move 



born 



plants. 



asserted that the leaves of Desmanthus virgatus 



same 



be 



jf 



•^ 



means of recovering the variety, which would no doubt be 
accomplished if persons in this country were to send the 



fig 



to thei 



pond 



in Mexico 



Such 



the 



brilliancy of the scarlet, that no mixture of the most vivid 
colours will match it by many degrees. 

Although as an annual, Z. violaceais usually propagated 
by seeds, yet it strikes freely by cuttings taken off when 
the stems have just become woody; a fact which is worth 
knowing, in case the variety should be recovered. 

J. L. 



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1295 



PENTSTEMON* attenuatum 



Taper-pointed Pentstemon 



DIDYNAMIA ANGIOSPERMIA 



JVaf. Ord. SCROPHULAKIXES. 

PENTSTEMON. — Supra, vol 13. /o/. 1121. 



P. attenuatum ; caule stricto apice piloso, folus radicaiibus empticw acuiw 
petiolatis, superioribus ovato-oblongis amplexicaulibus sessilibus, om- 
nibus glaberrimis integerrimis, panicuia strict^ calycibus corolhsque 
pubescentibus, capsuHs glaberrimis. 

P. attenuatum. Douglas in herb. Hort. Soc. f 

Caulis mquipedalis 2-pedalisve. Folia atrovtrtdta, glabra. 

ochroleud. Folia radicalia nunc cuneata, cuspidata. 



Floras 



A native of the mountains of Lewis and Clark's River, 
where it was found by Mr. Douglas. Our drawing was 
made in the Garden of the Horticultural Society m August 

last. 

One of the hardiest of its handsome genus, growing 
from U to 2 feet high, and freely in _ any kind of garden 



mould:' propagated readily by division of 



roots 



It flowers from July to the end of September 



preadmg 



The species is chiefly remarkable for the deep green of 
the leaves, and the delicate cream colour of the flowers. 

J. L. 




• See fol. 1245. 



■* 




\ 



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1296 



t / 



» . 



JASMINUM* acuminatum. 



-* 



Pointed-leaved Jasmine. 



DIANDRIA MONOGYNIA 



Nat. Ord. JASMINEiE. 

JASMINUM. — Suprd, vol 1. fol. 89 



J, acuminatum; foliis (simplicibus) ovatis acuminatis glabris, petioli aiijculo 
superiori 5-6ies longiore, calycibus campanulatis : dentibus brevisslmis. 

R. Brown prodr. 521. 

Rami teretes, scandentes, glahri. Folia simplicia^ ovata, acuminata^ 
luciday glaherrima, petiolo in medio ariiculato : dimidid superiore inferiore 
paulo longiore {an igitur species nostra reverd Brunoniana). Flores pani- 
culatiy paniculis nunc diffusis^ nunc corymhosiSy ramis peduncuKsque divari- 
catis. Calyx campanulat us , dentibus ohsoletis. Corolla alba, limbo s<Bpiils 
6-partito: laciniis ovatis. 



Raised from seeds from the banks of the Hastings, in 
New South Wales, by the Honourable and Rev. William 
Herbert, to whom we are obliged for specimens. It is 
probably the species to which we have referred it, although 
we cannot reconcile that part of Mr. Brown's character in 
which the upper joint of the petiole is described as five or 
six times as long as the lower, with the specimens we have 
examined, 

A greenhouse plant, propagated by cuttings, and flower- 
ing in November. 

Branches taper, climbing, smooth. Leaves simple, ovate, 
acuminate, shining, quite smooth ; the petiole articulated 



and ir/jii 



scent ; but, according to De Th^is, it is rather an alteraUon of ysmyn, the 



species 



in the middle, the upper joint being rather longer than the 
lower! Flowers panicled, the panicles either diffuse or 



corymbose, the branches and peduncles straggling. 



Calyx 



campanulate, with "obsolete teeth. Coro//a white ; the limb 
usually 6-parted, with ovate segments. 



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^97- 





1297 



CRINUM* latifdlium. 



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Broad-leaved Crinum 



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HEXANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 



IS 



Nat. ord. Amaryllideje. 
CRINUM. — Supra, vol. l.foL 52. 



m 



C, latifolium 



tubo 



trigono, limbo campanulato horizontal! : laciniis lanceolatis subundulatis. 
C. latifolium. Linn. sp. pi. I. 419. ^Ker injourn. of sc. 1817, addend. 
Amaryllis latifolia. L'Herit. sert. angl. 14. Willd. sp. pi. 2. 57. Ker in 

journ. ofsc, no. 45 (1817). Spreng. syst. 2. 52. 
Siovanna-pola-tali. Rheede malab. 11. 77. t. 39. 



■s 



For our figure of this fine and very rare species or \^nnura we 
are Indebted to the Right Honourable the Earl of Caernarvon, m 

\ „ i_i^ _„ii„-a: «A TT:».u^i^«iA *kA rlroOTinor iwn« made, as Ion? 



collection 
since as December 1825. 



1 

Mr. Gowen remarks to us, that it is most closely allied to 
Crinum speciosum, moluccanum, insigne, &c. It is a shv flowerer, 
and tender, as are most of its oriental congeners, which are very 
impatient of drip in the heart of the leaves, and require alternate 
periods of rest and quick active vegetation. 



Caernarvon 



This bulb was sent to Lord . -. t , 

Dr. Wallich, who has been so kind as to favour us with ^etoliowmg 
important extract relating to it from Dr. Roxburgh s MS. Hora 
Inaica : — 

'* A native of Bengal, where it begins to blossom with the first 
showers in April, and continues to do so during the early part of the 
_ • ^ % 1 :j«-«j tWio mnsf stateiv nlant a vanetv 



ram 
of 



sidered this most stately plant a vanet 
arrk Encvclop. I. 123, (which I am sti 



consider a Crinum) : but on taking 



* The «/m, of the Greeks is supposed to have been Lilium candidum 



of both sorts sent to England, I observed a greater difference in their 
appearance than can be traced in the parts above ground, though 
even there their disagreements are sufficiently conspicuous to justify 
the separation. The following description m\\ be found more com- 
parative than usual with me, on account of their resemblance ; and 
no doubt both belong to Crinum, at least to the same genus with our 
East India Crinurns. I do not, therefore, think L'Heritier, and after 
him Willdenow, have rendered Botany any service by changing the 
place of C. zeylanicum and latifolium. 

*' Root a spherical, tunicated bulb, often 2 feet in circumference, 
and rather more flattened at the base than at the opposite end ; — in 
lineatum it is ovate, never so large, and abounds more in cobwebr 
like fibres. Leaves numerous, radical, disposed equally on all sides, 
lanceolate, waved, smooth, tapering from within a few inches of the 
base to rather an obtuse point; margins scabrous, with minute 
cartilaginous denticules, length from 1 to 3 feet, and from 3 to 5 inches 
broad; — in lineatum narrower, ribs much more prominent, length as 
far as 3 feet, margins greatly more waved, and perfectly smooth ; 
this mark alone is sufficient to distinguish the two plants. Scapes from 
the axils of the decayed leaves, somewhat compressed, as thick as a 
man's thumb, and from 12 to 24 inches long; — in lineatum longer^ 
and coloured. Umbels with from 10 to 20 flowers; — in lineatum 
rarely so many. Spathes (in both) two, of an ovate-conic form, with 
many soft filaments mixed amongst the flowers. . Flotvers sessile, 
large ; tube green ; border pale rose, almost white, faintlj fragrant, 
particularly when they first expand, soon after sunset; — m lineatum 
they are scarce so large, and the colours much more bright, almost 
like vitlata. Corolla, tube declinate, cyHndric, obscurely 3-sided, 
about 4 inches long. Border campanulate, horizontal; segments 
lanceolate, with rather soft subulate points, length betw^een 3 and 
4 inches. FiL 6, shorter than the segments of the border of 
the corolla, inserted on the mouth of the tube, declinate, with apices 
sharp, and always erect. Anthers falcate, incumbent, and tremulous, 
pale yellowish gray; — in lineatum they are brown. Germ inferior, 
oblong, 3'Celled, with several seeds in each, attached in two vertical 
rows to the two lobes of the thick, fleshy receptacles, which are 
substantially united to the wall of the germ, and seemingly so to 
each other in the c6ntre; — C. lineatum and our other Indian Crinums 
have exactly the same germ, and all produce large bulbous seeds. 
St^le filiform, declinate, and projecting beyond the stamina. Stigma 
small, 3-toothed, Pericarpium a soft, somewhat fleshy, perishable 
envelope, which covers one, two, or three, rarely more, large, fleshy, 

bulbiform seeds; no trace of either partitions or sutures to be 
found/^ ^ 




■^7 



/ 1^ 



gs, 




CI 



^.. 



a€-/: 



<.' 



/ 



^, 



t- 1- 



'V 



'/. ' 



'' .- 



i ' 



. . ' e. VV ■ . 






♦ . ^i 



i 



i. 



I 



f < 




-^ 



1298 



PLEUROTHALLIS* prolifera 



< 



Proliferous Pleurothallis. 




r 



GYNANDRIA MONANDRIA. 



Nat. ord. ORCHiDEa:. § Malaxidese Lindley. * Pleurothalleae. 
PLEUR THALLIS. — Su^rH, vol. 9. fol. 159. 

racemo dupl5 longiore, bracteis cuneatis cuspidatis cucullatis pedicello 
brevioribus, sepalis conniventibus lateralibus semiconnatis petalis labello- 
que conformibus dupl6 longioribus, clinandrio dentato. — Lindley Gen. 



P. prolifera. Herbert in litteris. 



ft 



apice compressis pbfusi marginatis. Folia crassa, carnosayaveniayCucullata^ 
ovatO'Oblonga, acuta, semper prolifera. Racemus simplex, brevis, ex axilld 
Join in cujus sinu recumbit, paucifiorus, folio brevior, basi squamis paucis, 
scariosis, acutis ; XQ.c\i\s Jlexuosa; bracteee solitaries, membranacece, herbacea, 
cucullatcB. Flores lurido-purpurei, intiis punctati, brevi pedunculati. 
Ovarium brevissimum^ turbinatum. Sepala camosa, conniventia, acu- 
minata, basi connata, lateralibus semicohcerentibus. Petala linearia, acu- 
minata, columncB longitudine. Labellum lanceolatum, integerrimum, sepalis 
paulb brevius. Columna clavata, semiteres. Clinandrium alatum, denticu-- 
latum. Authera bilocularis. Pollinia 2, teretia, basi materie pulvered 
coharentia. i 







For this curious plant we are indebted to the Honourable 
and Rev. William Herbert, 'by whom we were favoured 
with specimens in January last. Mr. Herbert informs us, 
that it was found at Boto Fogo, near Rio Janeiro, growing 
on a steep rock, which the sun could rarely shine upon. 

At Spofforth it flowers six or seven months in the 
year, producing successive racemes year after year. It 



^ 

^ 



* So named from ^Mvp^, a side or rib, and 5«'aa*, to flower; in allusion, 



p 



species, or to the developement of the inflorescence from what appears to 
be the rib of the leaves. 



I 



r 



J 

likes a shady end of the stove, and to throw its roots 
about in the air. It will probably grow better in moss 
half decayed than in any other material. 

It is remarkable for the proliferous character of its 
leaves. These constantly produce young rooting plants 
from their axillae ; and, what is singular, the first leaf of each 
new individual is produced from the same side of the axis 
of the mother plant as the old leaf from which it sprung. 
This apparent exception to the universal laws under which 
leaves are developed, is due to the abortion of the first leaf 
that is developed, which appears in the form of a withered 
scale, while the second leaf is that which is finally and 
fully developed. 



i 



4 



J. L 



* ^ 






s 






1 



»* 





fe:^^ ^ •:» 




-7 



C-* 



■. oi/'jy. 







,* 



m 



1299 



^ « . 'i ti 



DENDROBIUM* chrysanthum. 






i ? 



Golden -/lowered Dendrobium. 



± 






GYNANDRIA MONANDRIA. 

acHiDEx." ' Tribus Malaxidem: * T)endrobieflB LxitdU 



PENDROBIUM,~SupT^, vol, T. fol 



\ 



k. . 






< 



f T 



t>. solitarii. 



undique foUosi^ cylindracei^ s^pe pendulL <Flores fasciculate 

4. ' ^ - 

D, chrysanthum ; caulibus teretibus pendulis, foliiscontortis ovato-lanceolatis 
actiminatis, floribus ternatis inter folia nascentibus, sepalis carnosis 



car 



nosis sepalo supremo latioribus, labello cucullato denticulato retuso 

obsolete trilobo. LindL Gen. et Sp. Orch, ined. 
D. chrysanthum. Wallich cat. no. 2012, 

Floras intense luteiy carnosi, extus tuberculis crehi^is minuti; petala 
tamen mintls tuberculata. Labellum intils maculd atrosanguined. Ibid. 



i 



This beautiful species is a native of Nipal, whence it 
was introduced into the Botanic Garden, Calcutta, by 
Dr. Wallich, and by that zealous Botanist brought to 
England in the year 1828. The plant from which the 
accompanying figure was taken blossomed in a stove in the 
Horticultural Society's Garden, in February 1829: it had 
been presented to that establishment by the Honourable 
Court of Directors of the East India Company. 

It is difficult to conceive a plant at once more graceful 
and beautiful than this ; its pendulous stems, which hang 
from the nigged, deep brown, moss-clad trunks of trees, 
are clothed with lucid leaves of the most lively green, and 
its flowers are of the richest and deepest yellow. At first 
sight the species might be mistaken for D* fimbriatum, 
but it will be found very different upon comparison. 



• See ftl. 1239 

VOL, XV. N 



Most cultivators of stove Orchideous plants find a diffi- 
culty in managing the particular tribe to which this belongs; 
that difficulty is, however, completely overcome in the 
Garden of the Horticultural Society, in which these flourish 
more than almost any others. In that establishment they 
are treated thus : they are planted in perfectly rotten wood 
in small pots, which are covered with moss tied securely 
about them ; these pots are suspended obliquely from the 
rafters of the front part of a small stove, in such 



the plants are not compelled to grow upright, but 



way 



allowed to assume the pendul 



which is natural to them 



horizontal position 



Thus, treated, species of the 



Dendrobium habit, such as D. chrysanthum, flourish 
degree which is at least equal to that of their 



woods. The tern 



of such a stove should 



fall below 75% and the dew point should be alway 



saturation . 



J. L. 



/^ 



13C0. 




. 'l/ly ^//.. ■■ 'y 




-- 










J 



• ^ '' 



i^.r/ / /.:.J \/)' 



\ 



n /VX 



> ^. 



1300 



PHLOMIS* floccdsa 



Flocculent Phlornis. 



DIDYNAJMIA GYMNOSPERMIA 

f 

Nat ord. Labiate. Tribus 5. Nepetece. Bentham. 
PHLOMIS L. — Supra, foL 1289. Bentham in notis. 



P. Jloccosa^ floccoso-lanata ; foliis cordato-oblongis, calycis dentibus bracteisque subulatis uncinato- 

revolutis, corollae labiis adpressis, caiile fniticoso Don in litt, 

Planta fruticosay hipedalis^ diffuse ramosa, land e pilis stellato-ramosissimis composita^ floe- 
cosa^ nive&y dense obrula. Rami patentes^ tetragoni, quandoque decumhentes. Folia opposUa, 
petiolata^ cordato-oblonga^ obtusissima^ crenata^ recurvato-patentia, supra rugosissimaj subtiis 
reiiculato-venosa^ venis prominentibns^ palmaria v. paullo longiora: posticibus distinctis^ rO" 
tundatis^ scepe sursum flexxs* Petioli poiiicares v. bipollicares^ subtus rotundati^ supra canalu 
culati^ bast pariim dilatati^ connati. Flores subtriplici ordine conferti^ sessiles^ verttcUlati : 
verticillis conveanusculis. Bracteae duplici ordine digestce^ numeroscB^ Uneari-subulatcB, calgcibus 
sub(squales^ apicibus spinescentibus^ glabrxs^ uncinato-revolutis. Calyx tubulosus^ b-angulus^ 
limbo 5'plicatus^ basi parum attenuaius^ longitudine semuncialis^ pube siellata copiosissime ves- 
titus: dentibus patentibus^ subulatis^ apice spine scentibus^ unclnato^revolutis* Corolla fiava^ 
magna: tubus medio constricius^ intiis villis clausus^ superne dilatatus^ subcompressus : labiia 
adpressis, pube siellata vestitis ; superiore cucullato^ compressor dorso planiusculo^ suhdepresso^ 
margine abrupte dilatato et pariim revoluto, apice truncato^ levissime A-lobo; iwienoTQ longiore, 
planiusculo^ trilobo ; lobo intermedio maximo, cuneato-dilatato^ emarginato ; lateralibus fti- 
dentatis ; dente anteriore abbreviatissimd, rotundatd. Stamina 4, fav^i inserta ; duo anteriora 
paullo longiora: filamenta teretia, arcuata^ villis simplicibus barbata: antherae compresscsy uni^ 
loctilaresy filamenti apici dilatato parallelo adnat<B, longitudinaliter dehiscenies. Ovaria 4, disco 
carnoso imposita^ minute papillosa^ hinc convexa, inde compressa, subcarinata. Stylus Jil\formis^ 
apice arcuatus. Stigma obtuse bideniatum^ pruinosum; dente anteriore minimOy fere obsohto* 
Cariopsides maturos nondum vidi. — Don. 



it 

4 



ii 



This very distinct species of Phlomis was raised from a collection of 



Egyptian seeds presented to Mr. Lambert 



Egypt 



particular district where the seeds were collected was not mentioned. It flowered in 
the greenhouse at Boyton, in the beginning of November. The plant appears to 
thrive luxuriantly ; but I do not think it is likely to prove hardy. The hooked 
points of the bractese and calycine teeth essentially distinguish it, independently 
of any other characters, from all the frutescent species of Phlomis hitherto 



recorded. 



7> 



To Mr. Lambert we are indebted for the opportunity of figuring this plant; and 
to Mr. Don for the specific character, description, and remarks upon it. 

Mr. Bentham having supplied us with the conclusion of his characters of the 



tribes and erenera of Labiatse 



J. L 



*Afl>« was the Greek name of the Verbascum, which this resembles in the leaves. 



{Continued from foL 1292.) 

Tribus 7- OCY3IOlDE^. 

Corolla btlahiata^ Stamina declinata 



w 

90. IVIoschosma. Reichenh, (Lumnitzera. Jacq.non JVilld.) — Calyx ovatus, 5-dentatus, dente 
superior! majore, margmibus non decnrrentibus, post anthesin patens. Corolla tiibo calyce sub- 
breviore, bilabiata, labio superiori breviter quadrifido, inferiori integerrimo subplano. Stamina 4, 



declinata. Filamenta libera, edentula. Antlieraeovato-reniformes, loculis confluentibiis. Stylus 
apice clavaio-capitatus, brevissime bifidus, Verticillastri pauciflori, secundi, racemosi, racemis 
paniculatis. 

I am only acquainted with two species, Lumnitzera ocymoides and polystachya Jacq. 

91. Ocymum. Linn — Calyx ovatus v. campanulatus, 5-dentatus, dentis superioris ovato- 
membranacei marginibus decnrrentibus alatus, post anthesin reflexus. Corolla tubo calyce sub- 
breviore, bilabiata, labio superiori quadnfido, inferiori integerrimo subplano. Stamina 4, 
declinata. Filamenta libera, superiora basi ssepiiis dentata v. penicillata. Antherae ovato- 
reniformes, loculis confluentibus. Stylus apice subulatus, aequaliter bifidus. Verticillastri saepius 
multiflori, interrupte spicati, spicis subsimplicibus v. dense thyrsoideo-paniculatis. ' " " ' 

Besides nearly the whole of the species enumerated by Sprengel, I should consider the 
O. monachorum I^inn. (which appears to me to be the same as O. sanctum Linn.), and also the 
O. tenuiflorum Linn, as true Ocyma ; for I do not attach much importance to the presence or absence 
of the tooth of the upper filaments. 

92. Orthosiphon. Benth — Calyx ovatus v. tubulosus, 5-dentatus, dentis superioris ovato- 
membranacei marginibus decnrrentibus alatus, post anthesin reflexus. Corolla tubo exserto 
recto, fauce aequzdi v. rariiis inflata, bilabiata, labio superiori 3-4.fido, inferiori integerrimo 
concavo. Stamina 4, declinata. Filamenta libera, edentula. Antherae ovato-reniformes, loculis 
confluentibus. Stylus apice clavato-capitatus, subinteger v. brevissime bifidus. Verticillastri 

subsexflori, interrupte racemosi, racemis elongatis subsimplicibus. 

Dr. Wallich's collections contain eight or nine species of this genus, to which should be 
referred Ocymum iriste Roth. ; and perhaps also Ocymum asperum and thymiflorum Roth., and 
O. adscendens Willd. 

93. Coleus. Lour Calyx ovato-campanulatus, S-dentatus, dente superiori ovato-mem- 

branaceo marginibus rarius decnrrentibus, post anthesin erectus v. reflexus. Corolla tubo exserto 
refracto v. gibbo, fauce aequali v. inflata, bilabiata, labio superiori 3.4-fido, inferiori integro 
elongato concavo, genitalia involvente. Stamina 4, declinata. Filamenta edentula, basi tubo 
stylum vagmante connexa. Antherae ovato-reniformes, loculis confluentibus. Stylus apice sub- 
ulatus, aequaliter bifidus. Verticillastri saepius multiflori, nunc dense, nunc interrupte, spicati 
V. racemosi, spicis subsimplicibus v. rariiis paniculatis. 

The above character would comprehend Plectranthus harhatus Andr. hot. rep. (which is 

the P. C0W0SM5, hot. mag., P. Forskohlii bot.mag., an Willd. ? and perhaps Ocymum moriadeh 

phum Roth., (and which even agrees well enough with Loureiro's character of Coleus amboini" 

cus), Ocymum scutellarioides Linn., all Blume's Plectranthi, and seven or eieht new East Indian 
species. 3D 

94. Plectranthus. VHtr — Calyx per anthesin campanulatus, 5-dentatus, dentibus aequahbus 
V. supenon saepius majore, post anthesin patens, incurious, basi gibbus v. inflatus, ore saepe bila- 
biatus, V. ranus erectus, tubulosus, aequalis. Corolla tubo exserto gibbo calcarato refracto 
V. rarms subrecto, fauce aequali v. rarius inflata, bilabiata, labio superiori 3-4-fido, inferiori 
longiore concavo. Stamina 4, declinata. Filamenta libera, edentula. Antherae ovato-reniformes, 
loculis confluentibus, v. rarius biloculares, loculis divaricatis. Stylus apice subulatus, jequaliter 
bifadiis. Verticillastri laxi, saepius cymosl, multiflori, racemoso-paniculati. 

Ihis genus may be divided into four sections : 1. Plectranthi veri ; calyce fructifero patente, 
bast xncurvo g%bbo v. tnfiato, corolla tubo refracto v. gibbo ; Including P. coeisa Hamilt., may- 
j)«re7w^ Spr. (P. cordifolia Don), australis Br., glandulosus Br., congestus Br., parvijlorus WiM., j 

and probably also P. cam7ms Roth., Ocymum salvioides Roth., and O. densiflorum Roth., besides ; 

eleven or twelve new species from India, three or four from Madagascar, and one from the west ] 

coast of Africa. 2. German ea ; calyce fructifero patente bilabiato, corolla tubo calcarato; con- .[ 

taining V. fruttcosus L'H^r., and a new species from Madagascar in Dr. Hooker's herbarium. | 

^ Fyramidium ; calyce fructifero erecto aquali tubuloso, corolla tubo refracto. P. temifoVtus i^ 

\ *-^-^°^ethytoides; calyce fructifero vix aucto subaquali campanulato, corollie tubo recto 
^^ogxbj>o ; comprising two or three new species from China, as also probably the P. nudiflotus 
Willd., from that country. "^ 

95. Geniosporum. FFa//. — Calyx ovato-tubulosus, raarglne membranacens, irregulariter 
5-dentatus, Iructitersuberectus, dentibus nunc patulis, nunc inferioribus inflexis, basi transversa 
rugosus. Corolla tubo calycem subaequante, labio superiori quadrifido, inferiori Integerrimo sub- 
piano. Stamina 4 declinata. Filamenta libera, edentula. Antherae ovato-reniformes, locuh* 
confluentibus. ^ Stylus apice bifidus, lobls sapius dilatato-complanatis. Verticillastri multiflon, 
laxe spicati, spicis subsimplicibus. *^ 

Besides the Ocymum prostratum Linn., I should comprehend under Geniosporum five or six 
new species from the East Indies, Ceylon, and Madagas<ir. 

9b. Mesona. Blame Bijdr. p. 838.— Blume's description is not detailed enough to determine 
wliether this genus be really distinct from Geniosporum. 



>_^ 



w 

97. Acrocephalus. Benth — Having, since I gave the character of tlus genus in 1282 of ilie 

Register J had opportunities of examining more perfect specimens of two of the species, I hnve 
been enabled to ascertain that it belongs rather to the Ocymoidece than to the Menthoidem. The 
character may be thus amended :— Calyx ovatus, bilabiatus, labio superior! integro, inferiori integru 
V. quadridentato, fructifer tubulosus basi gibbus. Corolla calycem aubaequans, bilabiata, labio 
superiori quadrifido, inferiori integro subplano. Stamina 4, declinata. Filamenta libera, 
edentula. Antherse ovato-reniformes, loculis confluentibus. Stylus apice breviter bifidus, lobo 
inferiori subdilatato complanato. Flores dense subgloboso-capitati. 

Species 1. A- capitatus (A. scariosus Benth. supr^, fol. 1282; Ocymum capitatum Roth.; 

O. capitellatum Linn. ?) 2. A. villosus^ from Madagascar. 3. A. Blumei {Ocymum acroccphalum 
Blume). 

98. Anisochilus. WaiL — Calyx ovatus, bilabiatus, labio superiori suhintegro, post anthesin 

deflexo, calycem claudente, inferiori truncato. CoroUa tubo exserto refracto, fauce subinflatA, 

bilabiata, labio superiori 3-4-fido, inferiori integro concavo. Stamina 4, declinata. Filamenta 

libera, edentula. Antherse ovato-reniformes, loculis confluentibus. Stylus apice subulatus, 

aequaliter bifidus. Flores dens^ imbricato-spicati. 

Besides the Lavandula carnosa Linn, this genus comprehends two or three new East Indian 
species. 

99. Pycnostachys. Hook — Calyx ovatus, subsequalis, dentibus 5 subulato-spinosis. Corolla 
tubo exserto subrecto declinato, bilabiata, labio superiori quadrifido, inferiori integro concavo. 
Stamina 4, declinata. Filamenta libera, edentula. Antherae ovato-reniformes, loculis confiti- 
entibus. Stylus apice subulatus, aequaliter bifidus. Verticillastri dense spicati, spicifi slraplicibus. 

100. jEolIanthus. — Mart, amwn. hot. Monac- p. 4. t, 2. 

101. Hyptis. Jacq — -Calyx tubulosus, aeqnalis, dentibus 5 sulnilato-aristatis. Corolla tul/o 
calycem subaequante, quadrifida, subbilabiata, lobo superiori latiore saepius emarginato^ lateralibui 
integerrimis plaiiis, inferiori concavo. Stamina 4, declinata. Filamenta liltera, edentula. Antherai 
ovato-reniformes, loculis confluentibus. Stylus apice suba;qualiter bifidtis. Verticillastri nunc 
dense gioboso-capitati, nunc spicati, racemosi, v. paniculati. 

102. Marsypian " 
tubo calycem subaequante 
integerrimis planis, infer 
Antherae ovato-reniformes 
dense globoso-capitati. 

103. Pettodon. Pohl 
104? Glechon. 
105? Dentidia. 




Stylus apice subasqualiter bifidus. VertiriUastri 



Spr* sysi, cur, post, p. 222. 
Lour. fl» cochin, 

106. Prostanthera. LabilL ph nov, holL 2. p. 18. 

107. Cryphia. Br.prodr, 
108? Chilodia. Br. prodr. 

Barbula. Lour, ft, cochin, belongs to Verbenace<Pj to which order it appears 

that Pliryma Linn, should be referred. I am totally unacquainted with Vleckta 
Pheboanthe Tausch, both included by Reichenbach amongst Labiatae in his Conspectus 



also 



distant ia 



In my characters of Perllla and Ehhoitzia^ fol. 1282 of the Register^ the corolla is erroneously 
described as having the odd division above, instead of below. In Colebrookia and PeriUa the style 
is deeply two-cleft; in the other genera of Menthoidea it is, as in most Labiatw, slightly cleft at 
the apex. . 

Elsholtzia paniculata Willd. \s a true Pogostemon. The genus Elsholtzia remains, therefore^ 
confined to E. cristata. Perhaps my Aphanochilus might be united to it as a second section. 

To the Menthoidese may be added the following genus, which may be placed immediately before 
Elsholtzia : 

Tetradenia jB^^A Calyx campanuIatuB, 5-dentatus, dente superiori latiore, intus fauce nuda. 

Corolla tubo brevissimo, campanulata, 5-fida, lobis ovatis subaBqualibus. Stamina 4, exserta, 

Antherae loculis confluentibus, valvulis reflexis. Ovaria intra glandulas 4 recondita. 

Stylus apice breviter bifidus Species unica Madacascariensis T. fruticosa (Mentha fruticosa, 

Hehing. et Bojer MS. in herb. Hooker). Flores spicati, spiculis racemorin, racemis paniculatls. 

Cunila Ltnn,, which, at fol. 1289 of the Register^ I placed in the tribe of Synandrea, ha* two, 
and sometimes (in C. coccinea Hook.) four distant stamina, with the anthers distinct, bilocular, 
and parallel-celled ; and therefore should be referred to Saturelneae, where it may be placed imme* 
diately after Origanum. 

Dr. Hooker's herbarium containn a plant sent by Mr. Elliott from South Carolina, under the 
nime of Ceranthera iinearifolia, which forms a very welKmarked genus of the same tribe of 
Satureineae ; although his name cannot be adopted, as Palisot de Beauvois had long since applied 
it to a genus of Violacese. Mr. Elliott's genus may be thus characterised : ^ ^ 

Dicerandra Benth Calyx 10-nervis, tubulosus, bilabiatus, labio superiori subinte^errimo, 

inferiori bifido, intiis fauce viilosd. Corolla tubo exserto jncurvoy bikbiata, labio superion brevis- 
simS emarginato, inferiori trifido. Stamina 4, cx^rU, distantia. Antherse biloailares, KktuH* 
divaricatis saccatis apice dehiscentibus, valvule superiori extu» longi comoti. Stylus apice sub- 
«qualiter bifidus. 



] 



y 



The three genera, Thymus^ Sature'ia^ aud Micrameria (as limited at ibl. 1289), should, I 
think, rather form but a single genus, which would probably include also Zygis^ Desv. in Hamilt; 

pVodr. fl. ind. occid. 

Gardoquia origarioides Reichenb. lu Spr. syst. cur, post. p. 225, is a species of Lantana. 



NOTE. 

' In reply to the observations made at foU 1290 upon the substitution by Messrs, 
Frost and Hooker of the name Stanhopea for that of Ceratpchilus, the latter has 
published the following answer in the Bot. Mag. fol. 2957. 



ii 



The author of the Botanical Register^ under tab. 1290, seems to be of opinion that the. 
name Ceiatochilus ought to have the preference to that of Stanhopea. But in this he is quite 
mistaken. Common justice requires me to state, that no character whatever has been given of 
the former genus, nor any peculiarities mentioned or figured as belonging to it, which could; 
possibly enable me to distinguish it from other Orchideous genera. (See Loddiges^s Bot, Cab. 
f. 1414.) In short, it is only a MS. name of Mr. Lindley. Had it been otherwise, or had there 
been any means of identifying Stanhopea with Ceratochilus, I would most cheerfully have acknow-. 

ledged its prior claims." 

We have too much respect for our friend Hooker to make any ill-natured 
remarks upon this singular paragraph, much less do we wish to involve either him 
or ourselves in a dispute about a paltry name. We only regret to see any' 
naturalist of reputation, more especially one for whom we have so much sincere 
regard, appearing to lend his authority and countenance to alterations in nomen- 
clature, of which he must disapprove as much as we do. With regard to the 
point at issue, we have to say, that Mr. Loddiges's figure in the Botanical Cabinet 
is sufficient to enable any one conversant with Orchideous plants to recognise the 
genus; that, even if this were not the case, the name of Ceratochilus has never- 
theless a right to be adopted;* and that it passes our comprehension how that can 
be a MS, name which was published many months ago. If Dr. Hooker will 
look into the Memoirs of the Natural History Society of Paris, he will see what 
the opinion of the French Botanists is of his similar change of M. Bojer's MS. 
name of Joliffia africana into Telfaicia pedata. 




V 



% 



• Nomina generica. 
Phii. Bot. 244. 

r 



synonyma digna 



nova non effingenda. 






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V 



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1301 



BIGNONIA* Cher6re. 



I 



The Cher ere Bignonia 




T*»* 



DIDYNAMIA ANGIOSPERMIA, 



1 

Nat. ord. BiGNOXiACEiE. 
bignonia:-- Suprd, vol 3. foL 249. 



^^ 



B. Cherere; foliis ternatis binatisque cirrhiferis glabriusculis, foliolis sub- 
cordato-oblongis, racemis terminalibus axillaribusque subpaniculatis, 
calycibus velutinis, coroUis tomentosis, ramis angiilatis. 

B. Cherere. Auhl Guian. vol 3. p. 647. tab. 260. Lam. encycl 1. 415. 

B. heterophylla. Willd. sp. pi 3. 298. Pers. syn. 2. 171. Spreng. syst. 

2.831. 

Frutex alte scandens, ramis glabris angulatis. . Foliola ternata v. binata^ 
foliolo altero in cirrhum mutato, subcordata, oblonga, cuspidata, pellucido- 
punctata, subttis petiolisgue pilosiuscuUs . Racemi in spontaned axillares, 
in cultd terminales, nunc paniculati, multijlori, pedicellis pubescentibus : 
bractece deciduce. Calyx campanulatus, trnncatus, velutinus, B-dentatur. 
Corolla 2| uncias longa, tomentosa, tubo leviter arcuato, limbo 5-partito, 
laciniis oblongis, emarginatis, subcequalibus. Stamina exserfa ; filamenla 
leviter pubescentia ; antherae sagittatcejobis divaricatis linearibuSyConnectivo 

mucronato. 



^ 



i- 



\ 



For this beautiful species we are indebted to the Right 
Honourable the Earl of Grenville, from whose Conservatory 
at Dropmore it was forwarded by Mr. William Baillie, the 
Gardener, in July last. It is a native of French Guiana, 
where it was discovered by Aublet. The natives of that 
country manufacture the flexible shoots of it and B. m- 
carnata into baskets and broad-brimmed hats, which act as 
umbrellas, keeping off both the sun and the ram ; they 
also use the shoots as cord. 



' In memory of the Abbe Jean Paul B.gnon the hbfanan of the lUng 
of France, born in 1662, died in 1743; the friend of To^rnefort who 
dedicated this genus to him. Cherere (pronounced kerere) is the name 
given to the plants by the natives of French Guiana. 



> 



It was named B. Cherere by its discoverer, and was 
republished under that name by Lamarck in the French 
Encydopcedia. Willdenow^ who had never seen the plant, 
and who, in fact, kne\^ nothing kbout it beyond what he 
learned from its previous describers, thought proper, in 
that abominable spirit, of change which characterised the 
school to which he belonged, to alter the. name to hetero- 
phylla. It is surprising that naturalists cannot see the 
evil to which these arbitrary and useless interferences with 
nomenclature give rise. 

A conservatory climber, pre-eminently beautiful among 
the lovely race to which it belongs. Propagated readily 
by cuttings, and requiring no particular management beyond 
that of giving it plenty of room to run. 



A climbing shrub, with smooth, angular 



'H 



binate (one of the leaflets being converted 



Leqfli 



f » 



tendril), somewhat cordate, oblong 



pidate, with pel 



lucid dots, slightly hairy beneath and on the petioles. 
Racemes axWhrj in the wild plant, terminal in the ciilti- 

d one, sometimes panicled and many-flowered ; pedicels 

Calyjc campanulal 



pubescent, hractece decid 

cate, velvety, 5-toothed. \Corolla 2i inches long, downy, 

the tube slightly curved, the limb 5-parted ; the segments 



oblong, emarginate 



jil 



early 



qual 



Stamens 



slightly pubescent; anthers 




divaricate and linear, the connectivum mucronate 



gittate, the lobes 



J. L 



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HEtJCHERA* mlcraiitha. 



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Small-flowered Heuchera, 



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PfeNTANDklA'l)/GFJ<r/^ 



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Nat.ord. Saxifrages. 



f 



HEUCHERAL. — Ca/^x 5-dentatus,subin8equaIis. PetalaS. StaminaS^ 
sepalis opposita. Capsula birostris, bilocularis, polysperma. 



^ 



1 



H. micrantha; foliis subrotundis cordatis acut^ crenatis subquinquelobis 
petiolis longis caulisque basi spars^ villosis; caulinis incisis^ paniculi 
coarctata, petalis lineari-lanceolatis integerrimis, staminibus exsertis. 
H. micrantha. Douglas in colloguio* 

Herba perenniSj sempervirenSy acaulis, c<Bspitosa. Folia suhrotundo- 
cordata, acuti crenata^ subquinquelobay magis minusve pilosa^ longi peti' 
data ; petiolis villosis ; caulina triloba^ incisa. Caulis erectus, sesquipedalis^ 
basi subpilostcSf sursilm minutissim^ glandulosus, ut et inflorescentia omnis. 
Panicula laxa^ elongata* Bracteolee subulatcs. Calyx obconicus, semi^ 
superus, S-dentatus^ paululum obliquus. Petala minuta, lineari^lanceolata, 
unguiculatay integerrima. Stamina 5, exserta^ dentibus calycinis opposita. 



■^ 



f: 



* 

» 
^ 
1 



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A hardy perennial, found by Mr. Douglas in mountainous 
woods, near the grand Rapids of the Columbia. With us it 
flowers in June and July, and propagates readily by division 
of the roots. Its general habit is quite that of H. americana. 

4 

Willdenow, in his papers, has an H. glabra, from the 
North-west coast of North America, the brief character of 
which in Romer and Schultes (6. 216) answers to this in 
some respects ; but the name is inapplicable if J^hat Botanist 
intended to contrast it with H. americana; and it is 



TT 



John Henry Heucher is described as a painstaking professor 
Witten 



little mice, that he had found 
Barometz or Scythian Iamb. 



animal 



He 



fancied that the tumours on the roots of Hypochaeris maculata were so like 



analogous to the 



o 



probably something else. We have, however, nothin 
like it from Mr. Douglas. 

The Mitella pentandra of the Botanical Magazine is 
rightly determined bjrM. Decandolle to be a distinct genus, 
to which he has given the appropriate name of Drum* 



mondia 



compliment 



most deserving individuals of the age 
A perennial, stemless, evergreen 



of the best collectors and 



plant 



- ^ . cespitose, herbaceous 
Leaves roundish-cordate, acutely crenate, somewhat 



lobed. more 



villous ; 



hairy, on long footstalks 



petioles 



leaves 3-lobed, cut. Stem erect, a foot and 



a half high, somewhat hairy at the base, above minutely 
glandular, as are all parts of the inflorescence 



loose, elongated 



Bracteolce subulate 



Caly 



Panicle 
ersely 



half superior, 5-toothed, slightly oblique. Petals 



minute, linear-lanceolate, unguic 
exserted, opposite the teeth of the caly 



entire. Stamens 5 



J. L. 



^tf 



t 



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ri/-/- ^^ J ^^'w,y^ '^<r-c'^/ /^^i 









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1303 



' f ' 



t 



POLEMONIUM* caeruleum; ysly. jpiliferwn. 



Common Greek Valerian ; Hah'y variety. 



I 



! 



I 



i 



4 
I 



PENTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 



Nat. ord. PoLEMONI.ACEiE. 

POLEMONIUM. — Supra, vol. 6. fol. 460 



P. ccBruleum ; foliis pinnatis, floribus erectis, calycibus corollae tubo longiori- 



bus, Momer et SchulteSy 4. 364. 
P, ceeruleum. Linncens and others. 



Var, piliferum ; 
villosis. 



folii 



vix longiore, calycibus 



This plant was 



ed in the Garden of the Hoi 



Society, from seeds collected in the last Arctic Expe 
dition, and presented to the Society by Dr. Richard 
Our 
the differe 



motive for figuring it is for the sake of recording 



which 



between it 



d the common 



P. caeruleum of Europe, but which appear insufficient 
distinguish it as a species. 



of 



^ In the first pla 



its hab 



■ 

very different: instead 



stem rising high above the radical 



we 



have a plant with a half-recumbent stem, scarcely exceed- 
ing the radical leaves ; instead of a short, dense pubescence 
upon the calyx, we have numerous long loose hairs, which 
are well represented in the plate : but with this peculiarity 
of habit, and slight diflference in the calyx, the distinction 



What that plant may have been which was of such importance as to 
cause a feud between two kings, each of whom claimed the merit of its 
discovery, and which finally was named, in commemoration of the struggle, 
^6Xifaiuei>, or the War-causing, we know not. Sprengel considers the plant 
of Dioscorides to be the same as the modern Polemonium cseruleum ; but 



modern 



worthless object. 



ceases ; and even these become difficult to seize when the 



plant is dried. Possibly 



sition from the 



place it was 



rdinary form of Pol. caeruleum. to that 



smgular state of the same species called P. caeruleum 
nanum by Dr. Hooker, in his account of Captain Sabine's 
Spitzbergen plants ; and when cultivated, it was reverting, 
even in the first generation, towards the stock from which 
it originally sprung. 

The meagre definitions of P. caeruleum in books are 
wholly insufficient to point out that 



person 



quainted with it. We have 



mon species to 



however 



attempted to improve them, because the whole genus and 
order are in a miserable state of confusion ; and it is not 
worth while beginning to reform them, without completing 
the task, — for which we have neither leisure nor materials. 
It "appears to us that, exclusively of habit, the great distinc- 
tion of P. caeruleum consists in the number and form of its 
leaflets, and in the figure of the calvx, rather than in any 
thing else. 



Our drawing was made in the Garden of the Horticul- 
tural Society in August last year. It represents the leaves 
With their leaflets broader and shorter than they usually are, 
the specimen having been taken from among the outermost 
ot the radical leaves : the greater part of the foliage differs 



10 respect from that of Pol. c^ruleum 
A hardy biennial, propagated by seeds. 



J. L. 



# 



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* M Tl^/z.ff^ ^/ 



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' / {-'U.^^- L^^^i/'i^-^- ^ ^ ,' , ^/'^v-r^/ --/- ^// - 



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y 



1304 



^ X 



POLEMONIUM* hiimile. 



Humble Greek Valerian. 



-fi/ 



i 



- rf 



PENTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 



Nat. Ord. PoLEMONIACEiE. 

POLEMONIUM. — Suprd, vol.6, fol. 46Q. 



^r 



'S 



p. hiimile ; foliis pinnatis, petalis obtusis, staminibus sagittatis. Willd. MSS^ 
ex R'dmer et Schulies, 4. 792. ' '. 

Herba prostrata^ foliis pinnatis subpubescentibus, foliolis 17-25, ovatfj^ 
subrotundis, subaltemis, Caules leviter pubescentes, Flores erecti r. letnt^ 
nutantes. Pedicelli subpubesce?ites. Calyx campanulatus, subpubescens^ 
quinquejidus^ tubo corollce siib<Bqualis. Corolla glabra^ lobis rotundatis, 
patentibus. Stamina e squamis pubescenfibus exorta, Anther^e ovatce, 
bqsi obtuse sagittatce. 




I t 



3ti 



J 



♦^. 



1 



Raised with the preced 



and from the same 



of seed 



flowers at the same time, and appears 



be perennial ; but of tjiis latter point we cannot judge with 
accuracy until another season. 

The only place in which we find it described is in the 
Supplement to the fourth volume of Romer and Schultes* 



Species Piantarum, where it, is inserted with 



definition 



which, as far as it is 



igible 




what are stamina 



sagittata?), applies as well to P. caeruleum, or mexicanum 
or reptans, but with a good description, made from a spe 
cimen of Pallas, collected in Eastern Siberia. Hence the 



species appe 



ke many other Siberian plant 



be 



common to both sides of the Northern Pacific; for the 
space between the part of Eastern America, where it must 
have been found by Dr. Richardson's party, is filled up by 



discovery of 



on 



Mr. Dougl 



the western side of America by 
whose" herbarium it is called P. gracile. 



See fol. 1303. 



(* 



4 

It appears to be affected very much in pubescence by 
situation and soil ; the garden plant was 1^ foot high, with 
stems as thick as a goose-quill ; Mr. Douglas's specimens 
are chiefly about half the size, much more slender, covered 
with far more numerous flowers, and not differing in degree 



of pubes 



from the garden plant : but 



his collection a specimen 



more than 



3 have from 
nches high^ 



the stems and calyxes of which are densely pubescent, c 
even villous. This last probably connects the species, c 
represented in the accompanying plate, with Dr. Graham 
Pol. Richardsonii ; unless that plant should be really diii 
tinct from P. humile, which Dr. Hooker, in publishing i 
seems to doubt, and which we think improbable. We 



however, persuaded that the little pla 
flowers, found by Captain Sabine on th 



th fi 
east 



blue 
it of 



Greenland, was rightly referred by Dr. Hooker in the first 
instance to Pol. caeruleum, and is not a state of this species, 
as the latter skilful Botanist subsequently felt inclined to 
suppose. See Botanical Magazine^ t. 2800. 

f ■ - . 

Our drawing was made in the Garden of the Horticul- 
tural Society in August last. It should be cultivated in 
poor, gravelly soil, which is not dry : under such manage- 
ment it becomes much more beautiful than if grown in 
rich garden soil. 

J. L. 



\ 



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w ^^- 



(/■t>. 




\ 



.M . K ■ -•■■ '^ , , 



/■ 



^ Jt %■ '' 



t 



f 



1305 



COTONE ASTER* laxifldra. 



Loose-clustered Cotoneaster. 



JS 



ICOSANDRIA DI. TRIG YNIA. 



Nat. ord. Pomaces. 



t 



COTONEASTER. — Supr^, vol. 1 3. fol. 1 1 14. 



\^ 



C. laxifiora ; cymis 
lariatis deciduis. 
C laxifiora. Jaca. 



h 



m 



fol 



Folia oblonga, 



Rami fusco pu ^ 

V. ovata, obtusay supra glabra^ subtiis albo lanata. Pedicelli, oculo armato 
pilis tenuissimis raris deciduis vestiti. Calyces glaberrimi. 



I 



A hardy shrub, raised in the Garden of the Horticul- 
tural Society, from seeds sent by Professor Jacquin, under 
the name which is adopted. We have riot been able to 
trace it in any work upon the European Flora, and are 
unacquainted with its native place. Flowers in April. 
Our drawing was made last year in the Garden of the 
Horticultural Society. 

Branches brownish purple, with an ash-coloured cuticle, 
which peels off. Leaves oblong or ovate, obtuse, smooth 
above, white with down beneath. Pedicels, if viewed with 
a lens, seen to be covered with very thin, deciduous, silky 



hairs. 



Calyxes quite smooth. 



J. L. 



* See fol. 1 1 87 



•i 



i 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



or 



VOLUME IL OF THE NEW SERIES, 



OR 



VOLUME XV. OF THE WHOLE WORK 



folium 

Acaena pinnatifida J 27 i 

Amaryllis coranica, var. /?a/u£/a .. 1219 

Argemone grandiflora 1264 

Azalea pontica, var. sinemis , . . . 1253 

Begonia villosa 1 252 

BignoniaCherere 1301 

Buddlea heterophylla 1259 

Camellia japonica, var. punctata. . 1267 

Canna discolor 1231 

Canna speciosa 1 27G 

Caprifolium longiflorum 1232 

Chasmonia incisa 1244 

Chrysanthemum indicum 1287 

Clematis chlorantha 1234 

Clintonia elegans 1241 

Coreopsis aurea 1228 

Correa pulchella 1224 

Cotoneaster laxiflora 1305 

Cotoneaster frigida 1229 

Crinum latifolium 1297 

Dendrobium anceps 1239 

Dendrobium chrysanthum 1299 

Dendrobium secundum 1291 

Echeveria gibbiflora 1247 

Erythrina poianthes 1246 

Fuchsia microphylla 1269 

Fuchsia thymifolia 1284 

Gesneria rutila, var. alrosanguinea, 1279 

Helianthus lenticularis 1 265 

Heuchera micrandia 1302 

Hosackia bicolor 1 257 

Ipomopsis elegans 128 1 

Iris tenax 1218 

Isopogon formosus 1288 

Jasminum acuminatum 1 296 

Justicia picta 1227 

Lepechinia spicata 1292 

Leucocoryne odorata 1293 

lissanthe sapida ^275 

Lophanthus anisatus 1282 

Lowea berberifolia 1261 

Lupinus arbustus 1230 

Lupinus aridus 1242 

Lupinus micranthus 1251 

Lupinus plumosus 1217 



Foiium 

Microstylis ophioglossoides 1290 

CEnothera viminea 1220 

Oenothera decumbens 1221 

Oxalis tortuosa 1249 

Pentstemon acuminatum 1285 

Pentstemon attenuatum 1295 

Pentstemon confertum , . 1260 

Pentstemon glaucum , . 1 286 

Pentstemon glandulosum 1262 

Pentstemon pruinosum 1 280 

Pentstemon Scouleri 1 277 

Pentstemon speciosum 1270 

Pentstemon triphyllum 1 245 

Persea gratissima 1258 

Phlomis floccosa 1 300 

Pimelea humilis 1268 

Pleurothallis prolifera 1298 

Polemonium caeruleum, var. pili- 

ferum 1303 

Polemonium humile 1304 

Polygonum injucundum 1 250 

Prunus dasycarpa 1 243 

Pyrus sinensis 1 248 

Reevesia thyrsoidea 1236 

Rhododendron arboreum, v. roatum 1 240 

Ribes cereura 1263 

Ribes punctatum 1278 

Ribes setosura 1 237 

Ribes tenuiflorum 1 274 

Ruellia Sabiniana 1233 

Scottia angustifolia • 1 266 

Scottia dentata 1233 

Sisyrinchium odoratissimum .... 1283 

Spermadictyon azureum 1235 

Spiraea chamaedrifolia 1222 

Suchys Salviae " 1226 

Stachys germanica, rzr.pubescem . 1289 

Sterculia lanceolata 1 256 

Tabernsemontana densiflora 1273 

Teucrium orchideura 1 255 

Thermopsis fabacea 1272 

Trachymene caerulea 1225 

Tupistra nutans 1223 

Viola praemorsa 1 254 

Zinnia violacea, var. coccinea .... 1294 



GENERAL INDEX TO THE NEW SERIES. 



4 



Foliufn 
Pentstemon attenuatum 1295 

Pentstemon confertum 1260 

Pentstemon dliTusum - 1132 

Pentstemon glandulosum 1262 

Pentstemon glaucum 1286 

Pentstemon pruinosum 1280 

Pentstemon pulchellum U38 

Pentstemon Scouleri 1277 

Pentstemon speciosum 1270 

Pentstemon triphyllum 1245 

Persea gratissima 1258 

Phlomis floccosa 1300 

Pholidota imbricata 1213 

Pimelea humilis 1268 

Pleurothallis proUfera ,....,.,. 1298 

Polemonium caruleum, var. pili/erum 1303 

Polemonium humile , . 1304 

Polygala oppositifolia, var. tnajor ii4C 

Polygonum injucundum 1250 

Prunus candicans ,.,.. 1135 

Prunus dasycarpa 1243 

Pyrus angustifolia I207 

Pynis grandifolia 1 j54 

Pyrus sinensis , j248 

Pyrus spuria , j igg 

Reevesia thyrsoidea , 123(3 

Renanthera coccinea 1 j32 

Rhododendron arboreum, var. roscum 1240 

Ribes cereum 22^3 

Ribes punctatum 2278 



Ribes setosum ^ 1237 

Ribes tenuiflorum * « 1274 

Ruellia Sabiniana i238 

Sagittaria angustifolia 1141 

Salvia involucrata 1205 

Serapias cordigera, var. iongipetala 1 1 89 

Scottia angustifolia 1266 

Scottia dentata , 1233 

Sinningia villosa 1134 

Sisyrinchium odoratlssimum 1283 

Sophora velutina ii85 

Spermadictyon azureum • • • * 1235 

Spira?a chama?dri folia - 1222 

Stachys germanica, var. pubescens 1289 

Stachys Salvias , . , i22(i 

Sterculia lanceolata i256 

Streptocarpus Rexii 1173 

Tabernaimontana densiflora 1273 

Telli ma grand iflora nys 

Teucrium orchideura 1255 

Thermopsisfabacea- 1272 

Thryallis hrachystachys *...., ng^ 

Tillandsia acaulis- 1157 

Trachymene cxrulea 1225 

Tulipa Oculus soils, var. Persica 1143 

Tupistra nutans - • 1223 

Verbena Melindres 1134 

Viola pisemorsa 1254 

l^innia violacea> var. coccinea 1294 



THE END, 



l;o.ndon: 

J. MOVES, TOOK'S COURT, CHANCJiRY LA>fE.