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SESSIONAL PAPERS 



VOL. XXXT-PART VII. 



FIRST AND SECOND SESSIONS, 



NINTH LEGISLATURE 



OF THE 



]pjRO"vinsrcE 0:^- oisrT.^i^zo- 



SESSionsrs isqs-q. 



TO I- OXTO : 

PRINTED FOR L. K. CAMERON, (.X'EEN'S PRINTER, 

r.v WAinvTrK v.tji r.>^ .v rittkr, tw wnro f-ri '.xt st. west. 

1*99. 



LIST OF SESSIONAL PAPERS. 



ARRANGED APHABETICALLY. 



Title. 



Accounts, Public 

Agricultural College, Report 

Agricultural aid Experimental Union, Report . 
Agricultural and Horticultural Societies, Report 
Asylums, Report 



Bee-Keepers Association, Report 

Birds and birds nests, collection of .... 
Births, Marriages and Deaths, Report . . 

Blind Institute, Report 

Butter and Cheese Associations, Report 



Central Prison, Eope manufacture at 
Childrens Protection Act, Report . . . 
Common Gaols, Prisons, etc., Report 

Corundum lands, O. in C 

Crown Lands, Report 



Deaf and Dumb Institute, Report 

Deer, shooting of in water 

Division Courts, Report 



Education, Report 

" Minutes of Department of , 

" Specialists' Certificates . , 

•' Correspondence re Grant 

Elections, Return from Records .... 

Entomological Society, Report 

Estimates 



Factories, Report 30 



Farmers Institutes, Report 

Forestry, Clerk of, Report 

*' Commission, Report . . . . 
Fruit Experiment Stations, Report 
Fruit Growers, Report 



No. 


Remarks. 


3 


Printed. 


18 


(( 


19 


(1 


36 


ii 


11 


(t 


24 


Printed. 


71 


Not printed. 


32 


Printed. 


15 


>( 


27 


(1 


58 


Not printed. 


17 


Printed. 


12 


(( 


46 


Not printed. 


5 


Printed. 


16 


Printed. 


70 


Not printed. 


7 


Prirded. 


2 


Printed. 


44 


Not printed. 


66 


Printed. 


69 


Not printed. 


1 


Printed. 


23 


(( 


4 


i( 


30 


Printed. 


29 


t( 


73 


K 


35 


(( 


21 


(< 


20 


<( 



[3 



Title. 



Game and Fish Commiaaion, Keport 

Gaols, Prisons and Reformatories, Report 
Grant Examination Papers 

Health, Board of, Report 

Hospitals, Report 

Immigration, Report 

Industriep, Bureau of, Report 

Insurance, Report 

Judicature Act, Judges fees under 

Legal Offices, Report 

Librarian, Report on state of Library .... 

Lincoln License Inspector 

Lindsay Police Magistrate 

Loan Corporations, Report 

London Normal School 

Live Stock Associations, Report 

McCrea, Hiram Augustus 

Marmora, Miller's Report re gold 

Michipicoten Mining Division . . 

Mines, Report 

Mining Divisions, regulations 

" amended regulatiou*- 
«' Michipicoten 

Municipal Auditor, Provincial, Report .... 

Ontario County, cases in Court of 

Ontario Gold Concessions, Report 

Police Magistrates, names of 

Poultry Associations, Report 

Printing Paper Contract 

" papers and correspondence 

Provincial Municipal Auditor, Report 

Public Accounts 

Public Works, Report 

Queen Victoria Niagara Falls Park, Report 



34 



No. 


E EM ARKS. 


33 


Printed. 


12 


(1 


69 


Not printed. 


39 


Printed. 


14 


• 


6 


Printed. 


37 


i( 


10 


» 


53, 54 


Not printed. 


31 


Printed. 


51 

64 


Not printed. 


67 


u 


40 


Printed. 


56 

28 


Not printed. 
Printed. 


57 
68 


Not printed. 


49 


>( 


38 


Printed 


47 
48 


Not printed. 


49 


(1 


41 


Printed. 


77 
80 


Not printed. 
Printed. 


76 
25 


Not printed. 
Printed. 


61 
65 


Not printed. 
.1 


41 


Printed. 


3 


ti 


9 


(( 



Printed. 



Title. 



Railway Aid, correspondence and papers , 

Refuge, Houses of, Report 

Registrar Generals Report 

Registrars, fees of 

Road-making, Report 

Rope Manufacture 

Saw-logs, cut of in 1897-98 

Secretary and Registrar, Report 

Spraying, Report on 

Statute distribution 

Stunden, Alfred, fees of 

Sturgeon Falls Pulp Oo'y. Agreement . . , 
Surrogate Court, fees to Judges 

Tavern and Shop Licenses, Report 

Timber berths sold since March, 1898 . . . 

Titles, Master of, Report 

Toronto University, Reports 

Upper Canada College, Hodgaons Report . 
" appointments . . . 

" Principals Report 

Water Powers, regulations 

Waterloo House of Refuge, Report . . . . 



No. 



78 
13 
32 
75 
26 
58 



62 
79 
22 
55 
72 
74 
53 
54 



63 
59 
50 



60 



45 
52 



Gemabks. 



Printed. 



Not printed. 
Printed. 
Not printed. 



Not printed. 
Printed. 

Not printed. 
<( 

Printed. 
Not printed. 



Printed. 
Not printed. 

u 

Printed. 



42 Not printed. 
43 



Printed. 



Not printed. 



LIST OF SESSIONAL PAPERS. 



Arranged in Numerical Order with their titles at full length ; the dates when 
Ordered and luhen presented to the Legislature ; the name of the Member 
who TTioved the same, and whether Ordered to he Printed or not. 



No. 1 . . 



No. 2, 



No. 3. 



No. 4 . . 



No. 5, 



No. 6. 



CONTENTS PART I. 

Return from the Records of the General Election to the Legislative 
Assembly in 1898, shewing : (1) The number of Votes polled for 
each Candidate in each Electoral District in which there was a 
contest. (2) The majority whereby each successful Candidate was 
returned. (3) The total number of Votes polled in each District. 
(4) The number of Votes remaining unpolled. (5) The number of 
names on the Voters' List in each District. (6) The population of 
each District as shown by the last Census. Presented to the Legis- 
lature, 8rd August 1898, and also : — Return from the Records since 
the General Election to the Legislative Assembly in 1898, shew- 
ing : — (1) The number of Votes polled for each Candidate in each 
Electoral District in which there was a contest. (2) The majority 
whereby each* successful Candidate was returned. (3) The total 
number of Votes polled in each District. (4) The number of Votes 
remaining unpolled. (5) The number of names on the Voters' List 
in each District. (6) The population of each District as shown by 
the last Census. Presented to the Legislature, Ist February 1899. 
Printed. 

Report of the Minister of Education for the year 1898, with the Statis- 
tics of 1897. Presented to the Legislature 3rd March, 1899. 
Pi'inted, 



CONTENTS PART IL 

Public Accounts of the Province for the year 1898, 
Legislature 8th February, 1899. Printed. 



Presented to the 



Estimates for the year 1899. Presented to the Legislature 8th February 
1899. Printed. Estimates (supplementary) for the year 1899. 
Presented to the Legislature 30th March, 1899. Printed. 

Report of the Commissioner of Crown Lands for the year 1898. Pre- 
sented to the Legislature 22nd March, 1899. Printed. 

CONTENTS PART III. 

Report of the Department of Immigration for the year 1898. Presented 
to the Legislature l7th March, 1899. Printed. 

r7i 



No. 7 



No. 9 . . 



No. 10 



No. 11 



No. 12, 



No. 13. 



No. 14, 



No. 15 



No. 16. 



No. 17 



No. 18. 



No. 19. 



Report of the Inspector of Division Courts for the year 1898. 
to the Legislature 23rd Februarj^, 1899. Printed. 



Presented 



Report on the working of the Tavern and Shop Licenses Acts for the 
year 1898. Presented to the Legislature loth February, 1899. 
Printed. • 



Report of the Commissioner of Public Works for the year 1898. 
sented to the Legislature 23rd Februar}^, 1899. Printed. 



Pre- 



Report of the Inspector of Insurance and Registrar of Friendly Societies 
for the year 1898. Presented to the Legislature 27th February, 
1899. Printed. 

CONTENTS PART IV. 

Report upon the Lunatic and Idiot Asyslums for the Province for the 
year ending 30th September, 1898. Presented to the Legislature 
23rd February, 1899. Printe<l. 

Report upon the Common Gaols, Prisons and Reformatories of the Pro- 
vince for the year ending 30th September, 1 898. Presented to the 
Legislature 17th March, 1899. Printed. 

Report upon the Houses of Refuge and Orphan and Magdalen Asylums 
of the Province for the year ending 30th September, 1898. Pre- 
sented to the Legislature 29th March, J899. Printed. 

Report upon the Hospitals of the Province for the year ending the 30th 
September, 1898. Presented to the Legislature 27th March, 1899. 
Priv^ed. 

Report upon the Institution for the Education of the Blind, Brantford, 
for the year ending 30th September, 1898. Presented to the 
Legislature 8tli February, 1899. Printed. 

Report upon the Institution for the Education of the Deaf and Dunib, 
Belleville, for the year ending 3Uth September, 1898. Presen'ed 
to the Legislature 8th February, 1899. Printed. 

Report of the Work under the Children's Protection Act for the year 
1898. Presented to the Legislature 23rd February, J 899. Printed. 

CONTENTS PART V 

Report of the Ontario Agricultural College and Experimental Farm for 
the year 1808. Presented to the Legislature 14th March, 1899. 
Printed. 

Report of the Agricultural and Experimental Union of Ontario for the 
year 1898. Presented to the Legislature 22nd March, 1899. 
Printed. 



No 20, 

No. 21, 

No. 22. 

No. 23 . 

No. 24. 

No. 25. 



No. 26, 

No. 27, 

No. 28, 

No. 29. 



No. 


30 


No. 


31 


No. 


32 


No. 


33 


No. 


34 



Report of the Fruit Growers' As.sociation o£ Ontario for the year 1898. 
Presented to the Legislature 22nd March, 1899. Printed. 

Report of the Fruit Experiment Stations of Ontario for the year 1898. 
Presented to the Legislature 22nd March, 1899. Printed. 

Report of the Superintendent of Spraying for the year 1898. Presented 
to the Legislature I7th March, 1899. Printed. 

Report of the Entomological Society of Ontario for the year 1898. 
Presented to the Legislature 22nd March, 1899. Printed. 

Report of the Bee Keepers' Association for the Province for the year 

1898. Presented to the Legislature 22nd March, 1899. Printed. 

Report of the Poultry and Pet Stock Association of the Province for 
the year 1898. Presented to the Legislature 22nd March, 1899. 
Printed. 

CONTENTS PART VI 

Report of the Provincial Instructor in Road INIakingin Ontario for the 
year 1898. Presented to the Legislature 22nd March, 1899. 
Printed. 

Report of the Butter and Cheese Associations of the Province for the 
year 1898. Presented to the Legislature 22nd March, 1899. 
Printed. 

Report of the Live Stock Associations of the Province for the year 1898. 
Presented to the Legislature 22nd March, 1899. Printed. 

Report of the Superintendent of Farmers' Institutes of the Province for 
for the year 1898. Presented to the Legislature 22nd March, 1899. 
Printed. 

CONTENTS PART VIL 

Report of the Inspectors of Factories for the Province foi the year 1898, 
Presented to the Legislature 22nd March, 1899. Printed. 

Report of the Inspector of Legal Offices for the 3-ear 1898. Presented 
*to the Legislature 10th March, 1899. Printed. 

Report upon the Registration of Births, Marriages and Deaths in the 
Province for the year 1897. Presented to the Legislature 27th 
February, 1899. Printed. 

Report of the Ontario Game and Fish Commission. Presented to the 
Legislature I7th March, 1899. Printed. 

Report of the Commissioners for the Queen Victoria Niagara Falls Park 
for the year 1898. Presented to the Legislature 24th February, 

1899. Printed. 



10 



No. 35. 



No. 36, 



No. 37. 
No. 38. 
No. 39. 

No. 40. 
No. 41. 

No. 42. 

No. 43. 

No. 44. 
No. 45. 
No. 46. 

No. 47. 



Report of the Royal Commission on Forest Protection and Perpetua- 
tion in Ontario, 1898. Presented to the Legislature 25th March, 
1899. Printed. 

Analysis of Reports of Agricultural and Horticultural Societies of 
Ontario for the year 1897. Presented to the Legislature 22nd 
March, 1899. Printed. 

CONTENTS PART VIII. 

Report of the Bureau of Industries for the year 1898. Presented to 
the Legislature 22nd March, 1898. Printed. 

Report of the Bureau of Mines for the year 1898. Presented to the 
Legislature 29th March, 1899. Printed. 

Report of the Board of Health for the year 1898. Presented to the 
Legislature 28th February, 1899. Printed. 

CONTENTS PART IX. 

Report of tlie Financial Statements made by Loan Corporations for 
the year 1898. Presented to the Legislature 29th March, 1899. 
Printed. 

Report of the Provincial Municipal Auditor for the year 1898. Pre- 
sented to the Legislature 20th February, 1899. Printed. 

:CONTENTS PART X. 



Report ofp Mr. Inspector Hodgson regarding Upper Canada College, 
Presented to the Legislature 10th August, 1898. Not printed. 

Copy of Order in Council approving of certain appointments on the 
Staff of Upper Canada College. Presented to the Legislature 10th 
August, 1898. Not printed. 

Copy of Minutes of the Department of Education approving of certain 
Regulations. Presented" to the Legislature 10th August, 1898. 
Not printed.^^ ^ 

Copy of an Order in Council approving of Regulations governing the 
disposal of Water Powers. Presented to the Legislature, 19th 
August 1898. Not printed. 

Copy of an Order in Council respecting the terms and conditions gov- 
erning the lease of Corundum Lands. Presented to the Legislature 
19th August, 1898. Not printed. 

Copy of an Order in Council approving of Regulations for Mining 
Divisions. Presented to the Legislature, 24th August, 1898. Not 
printed. 



11 



No. 48... 

No. 49.. 

No. 50.. 
No. 51.. 
No. 52.. 
No. 53.. 

No. 54.. 

No. 55 . . 

No. 56.. 



Copy of an Order in Council approving of certain amendments to the 
Regulations for Mining Divisions. Presented to the Legislature, 
24th August, 1898. Not printed. 

Copy of an Order in Council establishing the Michipicoten Mining 
Division. Presented to the Legislature, 24th August, 1898. Not 
printed. 



RejDorts relating to Toronto University. 
2nd March, 1899. Printed. 



Presented to the Legislature, 



Report of the Librarian on the state of the Legislative Library, 
sented to the Legislature, 2nd February, 1899. N&t 'printed. 



Pre- 



No. 57. 



No. 58. 



Report of the Inspector of the House of Refuge, County of Waterloo. 
Presented to the Legislature, 8th February, 1899. Not printed. 

Copy of Order in Council respecting the payment of surplus Surrogate 
Court Fees to Judge Jamieson. Presented to the Legislature, 8th 
February, 1899. Not printed. 

Copies of Orders in Council commuting Surrogate Court Fees of Judges 
Huges, Barron, Elliott, Doyle, Monck and Mosgrove. Presented to 
the Legislature, 8th February, 1899. Not printed. 

Statement as to the disposal of the Sessional and Revised Statutes of 
Ontario. Presented to the Legislature, 8th February, 1899. • Not 
]printed. 

Return to an Address to His Honour the Lieutenant-Governor of the 
tenth day of August, 1898, praying that he will cause to be laid 
before this House a Return of copies of all Orders in Council, cor- 
respondence and other documents relating to the deciding upon, 
and purchase of a site in the City of London for the proposed 
Normal School. Presented to the Legislature, 14th February, 
1899. Mr. Hodgens. Not printed. 

Return to an Order of the House of the seventeenth day of August, 

1898, for a Return of copies of all correspondence and papers relat- 
ing to, or connected with, the confinement of Hiram Augustus 
McCrea in the Asylums at Kingston amd Brockville, and his release 
therefrom. Presented to the Legislature, 17th February, 1899. 
Mr. Beatty {Leeds.) Not printed. 

Copy of an Agreement between the Inspector of Prisons and Public 
Charities and the Independent Cordage Company of Ontario 
(Limited), respecting the manufacture of Rope at the Central 
Prison, 'I'oronto. Presented to the Legislature, 20th February, 

1899. Not printed. 



No. 59 



Report of the Master of Titles for the year 1898. 
Legislature, 23rd March, 1899. Not printed. 



Presented to the 



12 



No. 60. 



No. 61. 



No. 62. 



No. 63. 



No. 64, 



No. 65. 



No. 66. 



Report ot" the Principal of Upper Canada College for the year ending 
30th June, 1898, and statements shewing receipts and disburse- 
ments for the same period. Presented to the Legislature, 23rd 
February, 1899. Printed. 

Copy of Contract, between Her Majesty the Queen and the Riordan 
Paper Company, for the supply of printing paper required by the 
Government of the Province of Ontario. Presented to the Legisla- 
ture, 23rd February, 1899. Not printed. 

Return to an Order of the House of the seventeenth day of August, 
1898, for a Return showing the number of saw-logs cut during the 
winter of 1897-1898 on the limits of the Georgian Bay and on 
Lakes Huron and Superior, which were driven to either of said 
lakes ; the quantity cut in Provincial mills, and the quantity of 
exported uncut. Presented to the Legislature, 23rd February, 1899 
Mr, Beatty {Leeds.) JS ot printed. 

Return to an Order of the House of the twenty fourth day of August, 

1898, for a Return of copies of all correspondence between any 
member of the Government or representative thereof, and any 
party or parties, respecting the purchase of any timber berth that 
may have been sold since March 1st, 1898. Presented to tlie Legis- 
lature, 28th February, 1899. Hir. War dell. Sot •printed. 

Return to an Order of the House of the twenty-second day of February, 

1899, for a Return of copies of all correspondence between any 
member of the Government and the License Inspector for the 
County of Lincoln, and any other person or persons, referring to or 
respecting the alleged connection of the Inspector with the business 
of cigar manufacture. Presented to the Legislature, 28th February, 
1899. Mr. Jessop. Not printed. 

Return to an Order of the House of the seventeenth day of February, 
1899, for a Return of copies of all papers and documents in relation 
to the proposed contract for public printing, including specifications, 
tenders and a comparative statement shewing the difierent tenders 
for each item of the specification and the estimate of quantities 
required. Also, the total estimated amount of each tender. Also, 
of copies of all correspondence, if any, between the Queen's Printer 
and the heads of Departments as to preparation of specifications 
for contract for public printing. Also, of all reports, if any, of 
expert printers as to details of said specifications and also of all 
other correspondence appertaining thereto, or to the letting of the 
contract or conditions required from the contractor. Presented to 
the Legislature, 3rd March, 1899. Mr. Matheson. Not printed. 

j Return to an Order of the House of the twenty-sixth day of February, 
1897, for a Return giving the names of all High School Teachers 
who have received Specialists' Certificates since 1885 as the result 
of examinations. The names of such teachers w^ho received 
Specialists' Certificates on any other ground, stating the year in 



13 



Xo. 67. 



No. ()8. 



No. 69.. 



No. 70. 



No. 71. 



which such certificate was granted, on what grounds, and the Uni- 
versity standing of the recipient. Names of all applicants for such 
certificates who have been refused them, and on what grounds such 
refusal was based. Presented to the Legislature, 9th March, 1899. 
Mr. Mathemn. Printed. 

Return to an Order of the House of the twenty-seventh day of February 
1899, for a Return of copies of all correspondence between the 
Government or any member thereof, and the Corporation of the 
Town of Lindsay, with reference to the appointment of a Police 
Magistrate and the salary to be paid him Also, copy of Order in 
Council appointing Police Magistrate at Lindsay. Presented to the 
Legislature, 9th ilarch, 1899. Mr. Fox. Not 'printed. 

Return to an Order of the House of the eighth day of March, lcS99, for a 
Return of a copy of Miller's Report as to discovery of gold in the Town- 
ship of Marmora, the same to be brought down during the present 
Session. Presented to the Legislatuie, lOtli March, 1899. Mr. 
McLavcjldin. Not 'printed. 

Return to an Order of the House of the fifteenth day of December, 1897, 
for a Return of copies of all correspondence between the Minister 
of Education, or any official in the Department and Mr. Stewart of 
Glencoe, or any other person, in reference to the case of C. C. 
Grant of St. Thomas, who was charged with having obtained copies 
of the examination papers before the Matriculation Examination 
in LS96. Presented to the Legislature, 13th March, li599. Mr. 
Brower. Not printed. 

Return to an Order of the House of the sixth day of March, 1899, for a 
Return giving the number of circular letters, sent from the office 
of the Chief Game Warden, soliciting answers to a series of ques- 
tions as to shooting deer while in the water. The names, addresses, 
occupations or professions of those to whom such circulars were 
addressed. Also, shewing the amount of money received from the 
sale of permits to kill deer during the season of 1898. Also, shew- 
ing balance left after paying salaries of Game Wardens, all expenses 
of offices and all moneys paid to or on behalf of Game and Fish 
Commissioners during the year .1898, in so far as the information 
is not contained in the Report of the Department. Presented to 
the Legislature, 21st March," 1899. Mr. Pync. Not printed. 

Return to an Order of the House of the sixth day of March, 1899, for a 
Return, giving the names, addresses, occupations or professions of 
all persons to whom permits were granted, during the year 1898 
to collect birds, birds nests and eggs under provisions of the Act of 
1889 for the pi'otection of insectivorous and other birds. Also, of 
renewals and new permits which have been granted during the 
current year. Also, shewing number of convictions for violations 
of the Act during the j^^ear 1898, and specif3'ing localities. Pre- 
sented to the Legii^lature, 21st March, 1899. Mr. Pnjne. Not 
printed. 



14 



No. 72, 



No. 73. 

No. 74, 

No. 75, 
No. 76 



Return to an Order of the House of the sixth da}^ of March, 1899, for a 
Return, shewing all fees paid to Allred Stunden, a constable of the 
Town of Bracebridge, in connection with the enforcement of the 
Game Laws of the Province. Presented to the Legislature, 21st 
March, 1899. Mr. Reid (Addington.) Not printed. 



Report of the Clerk. of Forestry for the year 1898. 
Legislature, 25th March, 1899. Printed. 



Presented to the 



No. 77, 



No. 78, 



No. 79 



Copy of Agreement between Her Majest}' the Queen and the Sturgeon 
Falls Pulp Company, Limited. Presented to the Legislature, 25th 
March, 1899. Printed. 

Return shewing the Fees and Emoluments of the Registrars of Deeds of 
the Province for the year 18vj8, with which are contrasted receipts 
of the same nature in the years 1896 and 1897. Presented to the 
Legislature, 27th March. 1899. Not printed. 

Return to an Order of the House of the eighth day of March, 1899, for a 
Return, shewing the number of Police Magistrates in Ontario, their 
names, residences, dates of appointment and territory over which 
they have jurisdiction, and shewing as well their respective salaries. 
Presented to the Legislature, 27th March, 1899. Mr. Fux. Not 
'printed. 

Return to an Order of the House of the ninth day of March, 1899, for a 
Return shewing the number of cases entered in the County 
Court of the County of Ontario for the past tive years ; the amount 
of money collected through the Sheriff during the same period and 
shewing as well the number of cases entered in the Division Court 
of the same County during the past five years, and the amount of 
money collected in the Court during the same period. Also, shew- 
ing the number of cases that went to trial in each Court respec- 
tively. Together with a statement of the number of cases heard 
or tried in the County Judges Criminal Court, the number of days 
in which the County Judge was engaged in revising voter's lists, 
in attending board of audit criminal justice accounts, the selection 
of juror.s, and in the performance of duties under the Overholding 
Tenants Act and in the performance of other duties imposed upon 
him by law during the said period Presented to the Legislature, 
27th March, 1899. Mr. Hoyle and Attorney -Oener at. Not printed. 

Correspondence and general information in respect of the application 
for grants of public money in aid of the construction of certain 
portions of the Central Counties Railway, the Central Ontario 
Railwaj^ the Haliburton, Whitney and Mattawa Railwaj^ the 
Irondale, Bancroft and Ottawa Railway, the James' Baj^ Railway, 
the Ontario, Belmont and Northern Railway, the Ontario and 
Rainy River Railway, and the Ontario, Hudson's Baj'- and Western 
Railway. Presented to the Legislature, 29th March, 1899. Printed. 

Report of the Secretary and Registrar of the Province for the year 1898. 
Presented to the Legislature, 29th March, 1899. Printed. 



15 



No. 80. 



No. 81 



Report on the operations of the Ontario fQold Concessions Limited, 
Presented to the Legislature, 29th March, 1899. Printed. 

Report of the Attorney- General upon the indebtedness of the Town- 
ships of Dunwich and Aldborough in respect of certain drainage 
works. Presented to the Legislature, 31st March, 1899. J}iot 
printed. 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORTS 



INSPECTORS OF FACTORIES 



PROVINCE OF ONTARIO, 



1898. 



(PUBLISHED BY THE ONTARIO DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE.) 



PRINTED BY ORDER OF 



THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY OF ONTARIO 




TOEONTO : 
WARWICK BRO'S & RUTTER, Printers, 68 and 70 Front Street West. 

1899. 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORTS 



INSPECTORS OF FACTORIES. 



WESTERN DISTRICT. 



To the Honorable the Minister of Agriculture : 

Sir, — During the year just ended it has been my experience to find a very marked 
increase in the activity in manufacturing in nearly all branches of business. The depres- 
sion which had continued so long, crippling many and engulfing others, had at last given 
way to a better condition of things, giving employment to a greatly increased number of 
workers and extra hours being worked. I felt that I might reasonably expect some viola- 
lations of the Factories Act, as regards employment of children under 14 years of agej 
and the employing of females longer than is permitted by law, but I found very few children 
employed even during the summer school holidays — which cover a period of about nine 
weeks. As to working females beyond the legal hours of sixty a week, I have had no com- 
plaints on that score. 

Overtime. 

The applications for legal overtime permits of twelve and one half hours a week, 
over and above the sixty hours allowed by law, for females, have been more numerous 
t)han heretofore : and in a few factories where the legal overtime was not sufficient to 
fill orders in time for delivery, two sets of workers were engaged to work night and 
day — 20 hours out of 24. But in certain localities this could not be done, on account 
of the difficulty of getting sufficient skilled labor. It was refreshing to me to note the 
increased activity in manufacturing, to see all the machinery in operation, where before 
only a part of it was. The workers themselves seemed to be infected with the feeling of 
the times, to be more alert and taking a greater interest in their work. This increased 
activity in the state of business and the increased number of operatives could not help 
but have the eftect of slightly increasing the number of Accidents, but not to the extent 
it formerly would, owing to the increased protection of the dangerous pirts of machinery, 
and dangerous places. 

Ventilation. 

Ventilation is a never-ending field for the Factory Inspector to give attention to, 
especially in dust-generating occupations and in work-rooms where hand labour is being 
done, and which are often rather crowded. For some of these work-rooma there is no 

[3] 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No. 30). A. 1899 



artificial means of ventilating, and it is difficult to get out the foul air without letting 
in from out of doors the fresh air In winter, with the temperature at nearly ztjro, the 
workers near the windows object to the cold air coming in and dropping down on them. 
They object to cold draughts, both on account of the discomfort and health. In fact 
there are many of this class of work-rooms that are barely comfortable, and the workers 
in cold weather have to keep on their wraps while at work. "We have generally been 
successful in getting the places moi'e comfortable, but I am afraid at the expense of fresh 
pure air. 

Laundries are now well ventilated by power exhaust fans to remove the excessive 
heat, moisture and gases (carbon monoxide and carbonic acid gas) . These two gases are 
* given oflF in considerable quantities frooa the ironing machines, in which the moving hollow 
rollers are heated by gas jets, burning with a blue flame inside the rollers. The workers 
have this partially within their own control, by regulating the proportion of gas and air. 
But tbey cannot see the deleterious gas, and fail to give as much attention as they 
should to the flame, knowing they have the fan as an antidote. 

iSome foundries are yet the cause of complaints as regards dust in grinding and 
milling rooms. Polishing rooms in bicycle factories, for the most part are well equipped 
for the removal of the dust, but the proper working of the fans and machines to which 
they are attached are not always looked after by the party whose duty it is to do so 
and in consequence the fan is not giving efficient service. 

The new style of rattler, or mill with exhaust pipe attached to the hollow axle, is a 
great improvement over the old style yet generally in use, which is merely a revolving 
screen, — even when enclosed in a box with exhaust pipes leading from the box. Bat a 
great deal of the efficiency of a fan depends on its speed, and this, again, in a measure 
depends on keeping the driving belt tight, and free from lumps of accumulating dust, so 
that it will not slip. 

Fans. 

In writing of fans, I may here remark that I have heard of the danger of fires 
originating in their exhaust pipes, from the fuzz from the cotton buffing wheels being 
drawn into the pipes and sticking there, catching on some small unevenness and accumu- 
lating, and becoming ignited by a spark from an emery wheel discharging into the same 
main. I have not known of tires from this cause, in my experience. I think there would 
need be a considerable collection of fu^z before it would be sufficient to ignite wood, if pro- 
per piping were used. I have asked many of the men using polishing and buffing wheels 
about it, and the uniform reply I received was that they never knew or heard of a case. 
I would advise all proprietors of factories who contemplate putting in a fan, for any pur- 
pose, not to assume that they know all about it, but to communicate with some maker of 
tans for advice as to size, speed, style, piping, etc. Some factory owners in my district- 
have undertaken themselves to do this, without having proper knowledge on the subject, 
and when the fan was given atrial, found to their disappointment that it would not do 
the work required and further expense would need be incurred. Some occupiers of fac- 
tories will not even accept the suggestions of the inspector, who has a good opportunity of 
seeing the latest appliances of every kind used in manufacturing and judging of their 
work. Some years ago I reqaested that a fan should be placed in a foundry to remove a 
portion of the large quantity of dust given off by the mills or rattlers. I advised a system 
that I had seen in use in another foundry, that I found to work very satisfactorily. The 
idea was taken but was not carried out in all its details, and the result was a partial failure 
as to the dust and clumsy arrangement of box, with boards to be lifted out when emptying 
or tilling the mill, and being replaced when this was done. Shortly after the mills were 
attached to the fan, a worker was killed by his clothing being caught on a bolt head in 
the rattler, carried over to his death, owing to the clumsy construction of the box. In 
other foundries where the system I advised was in use, there has been no accident reported 
as having happened from these machines. 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No. 30). A. 1899 



Complaints. 

I have had but few compl&ints this year. I investigated them all. Som3 I found 
-were quite justified, and which the Factories Act could remedy ; and again others with- 
out foundation, and had the appearance of having been made with a view of giving 
annoyance to the particular employer, arising fr( m spite or from some personal grievance. 
These frivolous complaints sometimes put me to some inconvenience to investigate, and 
no good can result from such complaints. Parties making such should reflect that if there 
is no cause for complaint the inspector can take no action against the employer. The 
inspector has his trouble for nothing and feels discouraged in his e fforts to benefit the 
workers. I am always glad of any assistance that I may receive as to violations of the Act, 
but I prefer that my information should be correct Complaints coming through the 
labor councils, can as a rule be rflied upon, but even they too hava sometimes been 
misled, till of late they have adopted the policy of first ascertaining the truth before for- 
warding the comp'aiuts to the inspectors. But outside of cities and a few towns there 
are no labor organizations, and therefore as far as complaints are concerned, each worker 
is free to do as he pleases. 

There was some dissatisfaction over the delay in the putting in of a fan in the 
bicycle works at Brantford. It came about in this way : One end of the building occupied 
by the bicycle works was occupied by another factory, which was gutted by fire, so as to 
render a removal necessary, and the owners of the bicycle works intended occupying the 
part vacated, and to rearrange the machinery, moving the polishing wheels to the part 
just gained, and therefore did not wish to place fan and pipes till after the removal, when 
they would be permanent, which was reasonable, but the other people did not vacate as 
soon as expected, and hence the delay. I asked the bicycle manager to let his polishers 
know the cause of the delay, so as to show the polishers I was looking after their interests. 
But T doubt if they know the cause of delay. 

Cleanliness. 

I find occupiers of factories are paying more attention to cleanliness than when the 
Act was first enforced, and 1 think they find that it pays in its effect on the workers. 
In one instance a foundry and fitting shop were being lime-washed — I suppose for the 
first time since their erection some 40 or 50 years ago. Ic made a very marked improve- 
ment in the appearance of the rooms, they being more cheerful and smelled sweeter. 
It must have been dirty work putting on the limewash, there was so much of the dust 
of ages clinging everywhere. 

My relations with employers and employees have been pleasant. The former for the 
most part are quite willing to carry out the Inspector's wishes, and the latter, as a rule, 
do not want from employers anything that is unreasonable. The removal of unhealthy 
impurities in the air of factories is a matter that concerns their health, which is their 
capital, and they have a right to demand the most favorable conditions practicable to work 
under, and in many trades the best is bad enough. 

Bake Shops. 

I have not made a general inspection of bake-shops in my district, confining my 
visits for the most part to those shops against which I have had complaints. The com- 
plaints are chiefly of excessive hours being worked, and beginning to work too early 
on Sunday night. As to uncleanliness of bake-shops or of bakers, I have had no 
complaints. The employing baker's own interests have now more than ever reason for 
cleanliness, for the reputation of filthiness in a bake-shop would ruin the baker's business. 

The Shops and Places Other Than Factories Act. 

The shops and places coming under this Act I have not generally \isited, going for 
the most part to those which have been complained about, which were not many. Miss 
Oarlyle received most of the complaints from places employing females and she will write 
more fully in this respect. 

5 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No. 30). A, 1899 



Fires. 

There have been the usual number of fires in factories this year, but fortunately 
they usually take place after working hours. One in the Dominion Box Factory on 
Adelaide St., West, Toronto, was an exception to this, the alarm being given just at 
quitting time. Some of the girls were going down the stairs and others were ready to go. 
The tire started in the baseuient near the elevator atd spread very fast. The building was 
destroyed but all of the employees got out safely. There were two good iron fire escapes on 
the building, and one man told me that his father had to come down this way, and with- 
out the fire escape he could not have escaped death. 

Accidents. 

I have had reported to me this year 110 accidents, against 91 for the previous year ; 
but it must be borne in mind that owing to the Legislature being called to meet earlier 
than usual the Inspectors of Factories were instructed to prepare their reports up to 
2lovember 30th — for eleven months, instead of twelve as was customary. This cutting 
ofi of one month in last year's Report is to be added to this year's Report, making it 
extend over a period of thirteen months. 

I find, from my accident book, that in December of last year I had reported to me 
eight accidents, which, for comparison, should come off this year's list and be added to that 
of last year, making the figures stand 102 for this year against 99 of last year, thus show- 
ing but little difference in the list of accidents for tbe last two years. 

I have a strong impression that with some employers there is a disposition to ignore 
the law as to reporting of accidents, and consequently quite a number happen that are 
not reported. I am now taking means to have the law ))etter observed, and after a fair 
warning employers will have no one to blame but themselves if they are brought up before 
a Jdstice of the Peace and fined for not reporting accidents. I tnink as a result of this 
action I may, in the future, expect an increase in the number of accidents reported, 
(though not of those actually happening). I should and would be sorry for an increase in 
the number of those actually happening, especially so if they could have been prevented by 
protecting dangerous places and parts of machinery ; but I shall rejoice if the increase is 
wholly due to the better observance of the law in respect to reporting accidents. I con- 
sider it a vital clause of the law, for there are some dangers about a factory which the 
Inspector, whatever his experience, only knows of by some accident happening, and if 
it is not reported how is the Inspector to learn of the danger, and suggest some protection 
to prevent similar accidents in the future ? 

I do not need to visit the scene of every accident, for I can most generally tell by the 
report received if it will be necessary to see the part or place where it occurred. But 
there are some reports received that do not convey an idea of the cause of accident, and I 
often find it necessary to visit the factory for further enlightenment. I must thank the 
newspapers for a considerable share of the accident reports. Having first seen them 
in print I have written the employers for full information. The press could do 
me further service if they would give the name of the employers, for often their notices 
just mention the circumstances without any names, especially in regard to accidents 
not of a very serious nature. I have always, since my appointment, taken a great 
interest in the subject of accidents, their causes and prevention, and at one time had a 
hope that the tima would come when none would occur except those which are not 
prevented by law ; but latei experience has taught me that my hopes were vain, owing 
mostly to changes ot machinery and plant in factories, removing guards, etc. There 
are a great many employers in my distrtct who have not reported one accident in 
12|^ years I have been inspecting. Whether any occurred with them in that time I 
do not know, but I think that some of them escaped. In the multiplicity of machines 
for various purposes there are many dangerous parts where absolute protection is 
impossible, still I am firmly convinced that the reporting of accidents has in the past 

6 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No. 30). A. 189& 



been the means of reducing the numbtr and will in future continue to do so, with 
the exception possibly of those occurring from especially hazardous occupations. It 
will be my endeavour to have the law as to reporting accidents better observed. 

I may here say that those who best observe the law in this and all other respects are 
the large employers of labour, and that the smaller ones pay very little attention to the 
reporting of accidents clause. I do not wish to convey the impression that they defy or 
ignore the law, for they observe it in other respects, such as the employment of children, 
the hours of work for females, etc. These are continuous obligations and alway borne in 
mind, but the reporting of accidents is different, only having to report an accident when 
one happens, which with some employers are at long intervals apart, and in the meantime 
they forget the requirements of the law in this respect. It is just as necessary that all 
accidents should be reported from the small employers of labor as from the larger ones, 
and many of the most serious happen in the smaller factories. 

Of the 110 accidents reported to me since the last report was issued 31 of them hap- 
pened in the wood-working industries ; of these 18 happened by saws — mostly ripsaws;. 
1 by a boring machine ; 3 by jointers ; 5 by buzz planers ; 1 occurred by a person falling 
across a circular saw ; 1 by falling on a buzz planer. A man lost two fingers while remov- 
ing sawdust from beneath the eaw table while the saw was in motion. This was taking 
a most unnecessary risk, and he paid the penalty for not taking the precaution of stop- 
ping the saw previous to the removal of sawdust. These last three accidents noted are 
of a kind that inspection cannot prevent. Three sccidents happened through sticks being 
thrown forward from rip-saws, two of which proved fatal. There are rip-saw machines 
now made so constructed as to render it impossible to throw forward sticks, but the 
ordinary rip-saws would be safer to use if there was a wedge behind the saw to keep opeu 
the cut so as not to bind the saw and lift ihe stick. There are also other devices for the 
purpose, but there are some rip-saws working on small work that these guards cannot be 
used on. The machinery builders are constantly making improvements towards the 
safety of operating machines, but it is only in new factories just erected where the 
newest machines are to be found, and not always in these, for some of them are furnished 
with old and second-hand machines. It is to be desired that machinery more modern and 
well protected, as to dangerous parts, will be introduced into some of the woodworking 
factories ; but the inspector is powerless in this respect and has to do with only such 
machines as he finds therein, I do often make suggestions as to improvements which 
will in my opinion be less dangerous, and frequently my suggestions will be adopted, but, 
where it involves an expenditure of $300 or $400 it is too serious to be entertained by 
the owners, in view of the very great depression which prevailed for some years back. 
But now that a change for the better has come it is to be hoped that a large proportion 
of the antiquated machinery in some factories will give place to that of later and 
improved construction. No accidents have been reported as occuring from gearing or 
belting in the wood-working industries. One accident happened through a sand (not a 
driving) belt. A distressing accident occurred in the basket factory in Oakville, by 
which an employee lost a hand, cut off at the wrist. He was operating a hoop machine, 
cutting veneers into the proper sizes by a large knife driven by steam power, and in some 
way got his wrist under the knife, cutting it ofi. 

In the metal industries there were reported this year 26 accidents, grouped as fol- 
lows : — Struck by flying pieces of iron, 2, one in the nose and one in the eye ; injured by 
die press, 2 ; by cutting press, 3 ; by stamping press, 3 ; varnishing press, 1 ; by weights 
falling, 6 ; shear wheel and chain, 1 ; crane crank, 1 ; changing gears in motion, I ; 
clothing caught by set screw of face plate of lathe, 1 ; steam and drop-hammers, 3 ; 
burnt by molten metal, 1. 

In laundries there has been only one accident reported, viz., injured in a mangle. 

There was but one accident reported from a twine factory, viz., a girl was spooling 
yarn and the hank caught in the shaft entangling her arm. In a tannery in a screw 
conveyer for moving the ground tan bark, one occurred. 

Six persons have been reported as injured in small gears of looms and spinning jacks. 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No. 30). A. 1899 



As to the causes of accidents reported I would note that one boy fell down a hoist- 
way while fooling after working hours ; one worker burned by explosion of gas in a refin- 
ery ; one hurt by shuttle flying from the loom — these accidents are rare. One by a belt 
breaking, one person was injured by being jammed in a loom ; cleaning in motion, three : 
■one man was hurt by a cast iron radiator, which he was testing by water pressure, burst- 
ing, and flying pieces struck him causing injuries sufficient to incapacitate him from 
work for over six days. One person was hurt in a rotary fulling mill starting up itself. 
Four persons were killed and four severely injured by a boiler explosion, one in a pinch 
bolt, one jammed by an emery wheel, one in an iron planer, one by a sand-papering 
machine, two persons by falling, one of them fell on an oiler, the Fpout of which penetrated 
his arm about three inches ; a hoop machine injured one man. The following was reported 
as the result or extent of the accidents. Fatal, eleven ; fingers oS" or injured, seventy- 
five ; one had bis chest injured ; eleven arms were wounded or lost ; two noses hurt ; two 
heads ; toe crushed, one ; back injured, one ; eye lost, one ; shoulder injured, one ; five 
persons had a foot injured ; legs, three ; six persons suffered from injuries of head and 
body ; four persons were scalded ; one was injured on the ankle. 

Of the total accidents ten happened to females, the most serious of which was to a 
girl having a finger amputated, injured in geirs, cleaning in motion, and one had her arm 
broken from a hank of yarn catching on a shaft. The other accidents to females were 
not of a very serious nature. 

Fatal Accidents. 

The fatal accidents were as follows : April 15, Jos. Bullard struck by a stick 
thrown from a saw. Dec. 21, 1898. Thos. Peats, Wallaceburg, a boy. His duty was 
to haul staves out of the mill, using a horse and lorry ; he drove into the mill and had 
loaded the lorry with staves from the stave cutter, and was preparing to drive out 
into the drying yard standing on the load of staves. It is supposed that owing to the 
noise of the machinery the horse did not hear the command to move and the boy went 
to strike the horse with the driving lines and throwing them over his shoulder for the 
purpose they caught on a shaft revolving 360 times a minute, about 8 feet above the floor ; 
but he, standing on a load of staves, must have been very near to it. He Wi»s entang- 
led in the lines and was instantly killed and literally torn to pieces. I had been sev- 
eral times through this factory and had noticed the shaft being low but thought there 
was no danger from it, as I did not then krow of anyone being placed in danger from it 
by being elevated from the floor by standing on staves, on a wagon, or on a lorry. I visited 
the mill again soon after the accident, and suggested that the shaft be covered which the 
foreman agreed to have done at once. Here is an example of a danger in a factory that 
1 would not have thought to be so had it not been for the sad accident that happened, and 
it shows the necessity of reporting accidents to draw the inspector's attention to the dan- 
gerous place. Luckily I saw the account of this in a newspaper or it is possible I would 
not have known of it, for it was not reported till after I had visited the mill and requested 
it to be done. 

On Feb. 22nd, George Birmingham, Palmerston, in returning to his work after the 
dinner hour, instead of going direct to hia own department, turned to cross the elevator, as 
others had just done before him. He was running at the time and, having soft snowballs 
on his heels, slipped in trying to turn quickly, and his leg struck on a bar that was used 
as a protection to the elevator. This seems to have thrown him on top of the left door 
which he intended to cros3, and from this door he fell to the bottom of the shaft, about 
13 feet, injuring his shoulder and spine. He was sent to the London hospital where he 
died on the 28th, six days after receiving the injury. This elevator is situated in the 
corner of a large hall or entry, quite out of the road of persons entering or leaving the 
factory, and was protected by a rail or bar. 

May 18, Anthony Durval, Penetanguishene, met his death by being struck by a 
board thrown from a saw. 

8 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No. 30). A. 1899 



July 12, Henry Schanihorn, Drayton, working in the presa-houge of a tile works, 
lost his life suddenly. He was lacing a long belt. The engine being stopped he got on a 
platform with his legs through the belt. When he had finished the lacing, without free- 
ing himself from the belt, he signalled the engineer to start the engine, which was done 
so promptly that he was still on the belt when he got caught and wound around the shaft, 
killing him instantly. Anyone observing ordinary caution would have got himself free from 
the belt before giving the signal to start. 

Also on August 11, at the same works, another man, Mr. Kemble, met with death 
hy the bursting of a wood pulley, a piece of which struck him as he was standing in a line 
with the pulley, not very far off but below it. The pulley was revolving at a speed of 
about 500 revolutions a minute, was out of doors, exposed to a certain extent to the 
weather, It is supposed getting wet in some storms, though covered, the glue which held 
together the sections of which it is composed had lost most of its adhesive powe and the high 
peripheral velocity of the pulley's rim had generated a force greater than the glue's 
strength could re sist, causing the pulley to fly apart. This is the second death reported 
to me caused by the bursting of the splitwood pulleys. There are a great many of these in 
use of various sizes in the Western District, but most'y indoors, and not exposed to damp- 
ness They are liked because they are light and convenient to place on or off a shaft. 
This accident happened about ten o'clock in the morning and the unfortunate man lived 
till about four o'clock the next morning. Death resulted from shock and internal 
hemorrhage. The bones of the right shoulder were broken and two or three ribs, the ends 
of which had penetrated the lung. He was conscious immediately after receiving the 
irjury and wanted to continue his duties but was persuaded to go home where he soon 
showed signs of collapse from which he did not rally. 

On August 3rd, at the factory of the Canadian Feather and Wire Mattrass Co., 
Toronto, Bertie Burke, a boy aged 13 years and 6 months, was killed by an elevator. 
The explanation of the accident given to me was that Burke and another boy were using 
the elevator to take grass up stairs from the cellar, and that the boys were larking. 
Burke started the elevator up leaving his companion in the cellar, so he would have to 
walk up. On the way up it is said Burke was on his knees on the floor of the platform 
spitting down at the other boy through the t pace between the platform and the well wall ; 
when he reached the second story the doors protecting the well hole were closed. The 
doors have a cleat on them at near the top and bottom, made of inch board and running 
parallel with the floor. It is thought his ear came in contact with the lower cleat of the 
door and held his head fast between it and the ascending platform and crushed it as well 
as tearing the ear nearly off. The platform continued to asceud ; the doors closing the 
well hole were forced open by the boy's head ; he was rolled cff the platform on to the 
second story floor and from there rolled into the shaft and fell to the bottom. It is 
thought he received f ital injury before he rolled into the shaft, as there was blood on the 
elevator door and on the wall of the well-hole below it. A sub-contractor undertook the 
work of making the mattrasses, finding his own help, ant', with the employer, was 
.responfcible for having illegally employed a boy under 14 years of age. In reply to a letter 
written by me to the Company's manager, enquiring about the boj's age, I received the 
following letter : 

"In reply to yours of the 12th inst., re the boy Burke, who met with a fatal 
accident in our factory on the 3rd instant, we would say, the evidence given at the inquest 
regarding the age of the boy was the first knowledge we had that he was under 14 
years of age, as he gave his age as 14 and he was 5 fee'; 2 inches high and incelligent 
enough for a boy of 1 6 years of age. We believe the boy's father also thought he was 
14 years of age till the record of his birth revealed to them the fact that he was only 13 
years, 5 months and 23 days. We very much regret that such an accident occurred, but 
we assure you that to the best of our knowledge we have always endeavored to comply 
with the requirements of the law." Under the circumstances I was advised not to 
prosecute. 

On July 15, a boiler exploded at Sycamore Siding, in the County of Kent, causing the 
<]eath of four men and eeriouely injuring four others. I visited the scene of the 

9 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No. 30). A. 1899 



catastrophe shortly after it occurred, driving down ten or fifteen miles from Tilbary. It 
was an " abomination of desolation " The mill was in ruins, fragments of machinery and 
boiler lying around, and no perfon in sight to give me any information as to the occurrence. 
I called on Dr. Bray of Chatham, the coroner who hfldthe irqufst.and all the information 
I have relative to the explosion I obtained from him and from the Chatham "Planet" 
newspaper. I learned that the boiler was a second hand one and very old — said to have 
been in use for 25 years. It was made before the days of cheap steel. The machinery was 
started at the usual hour, 7 o'clock. ' After having run about an hour the engine waa 
stopped to repair some belting. There were three men on top of the boiler packing the 
manhole when the explosion occurred, killing or injuring nearly all in the mill. I should 
mention that the mill was manufacturing staves. Jas. Payne, the engineer, was blown 
fifty feet away and was dead, and mangled almost beyond recognition. John Rambean was 
struck by some iron missile, entering the forehead and coming out of the back of his head. 
Chas. Bstts, manager, was in the engine room. He was thrown down and badly bruised 
and only lived a shcrt time. Joseph L?e was not in the mill at the time but was struck 
with a piece of the flying debris. He died in the afternoon, suffering greatly. I copy- 
some remarks of the "Planet's " correspondent " That the boiler was an old trap which 
had been in use for upwards of 25 years, and an examination showed how really frail the 
outer shell was. It was an extra large affair, being about six feet in diameter and built 
in solid brick masonry, and from information obtained it .vas learned that the steam 
pressure at the time of explosion was reported to have been in the neighborhood of lOO 
lbs. (to the square inch), and that the dampers were open and the bill on the safety valve 
(lever) was out to the last notch. If the safety valve was working properly there would 
have been a warning of the high pressure and the engineer could have taken the necessary 
precautions. But it appears no one was paying any attention to the steam guage, and it 
is probable the pressure, which at that t^me was unknown to any one, had risen consider- 
ably and registered over 100 pounds, which, from the opinion of a number of practical men 
who were present, was entirely too high for the boiler, and in all probability the cause of 
the accident was a defective boihr and too high pressure," This is probably the cause ot 
all boiler explosions; but one has to look further and ascertain why the pressure was too 
high. As an example of the ignorance of some men who have charge of boilers I may 
give one of my own experiences. 

Some years ago I visited a small factory which I found on entering did not come 
under the Act by reason of not employing more than five persons. In talking with the 
proprietor he asked my opinion as to whether or not it would be safe to get up a pressure 
of 60 lbs. of steam in his boilder, near which we were standing. I saw it was old and 
rusty, several patches on it and steam leaking out from several plf.ces, and one which I 
thought fit only to be used as old iron. I replied that I was not competent to give aa 
opinion as to whether it would or not stand a pressure of 60 lbs., but advised him to get 
a competent boiler maker from Hamilton to examine the boiler and report on its condi- 
tion. He said he knew it would stand 40 lbs. for he had it up to that last week. I 
smiled and said it reminded me of an article I had lately read, " How to tell mushrooms 
from toad-stools." Had he seen it ? He replied in the negative. I then said that if 
in doubt to eat them and if they were toad-stools they would kill him ; and then I drew 
the lesson how to tell what pressure of steam a boiler would carry, and which was to keep 
on trying with increased pressure and some day the desired information would be arrived 
at by the boiler exploding. If he survived the explosion he would have the knowledge 
he was striving for. 

It is a serious and responsible position to have the charge of steam boilers, for gener- 
ally there are several persons in a place where there is a boiler — not to mention the risk to 
property. In cities and towns this charge for the most part is given to competent 
men, but in the rural districts a very different condition of things exists. For generally 
the boilers in use are second hand, old and out of date, and in many cases the firemark 
is very ignorant as to how to take care of a boiler. The fuel in lumber and woodworking 
factories is mos'ly mill rubbish which burns fiercely and generates steam fa^t, for the 
machinery uses it fast. So long as there is plenty of water in the boiler and steam being 

10 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No. 30). k. 1899 



given to the engine all goes well, but sometimes a moment's negligence will injure the boiler 
80 as to weaken it, or one of several conditions may arise owing to the ignorance of the man 
in charge as to cause an explosion sooner or later. There is in this Province no law requir- 
ing boilers to be inspected, nor to require the engineer or fireman to have a certificate of 
competency, other than for marine boilers. So if a party requires a man for that purpose 
he takes, for the most part, any man with two hands and two feet, gives him instructions 
about keeping plenty of vnater in the boiler and not to interfere with the safety valves, 
and he is left in charge of the boiler. In some cases this is safe enough, for some keep 
adding to their knowledge, but with old and infirm boilers it is risky not only to the 
man in charge of the boiler but to every person in or near the premises. It is well 
known that many boilers in small concerns are in charge of incompetent persons, and 
that there are not more explosions is more from good luck than anything else, I place 
more reliance in a competent man in charge than in a strong boiler, for he knows the con- 
dition of the boiler and will treat it accordingly, but an incompetent man may be in 
charge of a strong new boiler and may so burn the sheets at any time in an hour so as to 
materially weaken it, and being ignorant of that may get up such a pressure of steam as 
to explode the boiler, which pressure may be many pounds less than usual. There is a 
danger too of many boilers being too small for the duty they have to perform, and there- 
fore require forcing and thus narrowing the margin of safety between the pressure of 
steam required and what is intended to carry. 

There used to be a considerable mystery us to the cause of boiler explosions, many 
persons taking the ground that the steam was converted into its original gases, oxygen and 
hydrogen, which in turn may have become ignited in the boiler and caused the explosion. 
That theory I do not hear so much of these days and is itself about exploded. Water 
coming in contact with red-hot iron is decomposed into oxygen and hydrogen, but the 
oxygen at once unites with the red-hot iron producing oxide of iron, then there is left 
only hydrogen, which alone is not explosive unless a certain amount of oil gets into the 
boiler from feeding water condensed from the engine cylinder, and if so the amount 
would be so small as to be not worthy of consideration. I believe there is no mystery in 
a boiler explosion ; merely some law of natural philosophy has been violated and that all 
explosions can be laid either to a weak boiler or to an excessive pressure of steam, from 
various causes which a competent man in charge will provide against. 

On April 8th the boiler in Mr. Miller's tannery at Orillia exploded late in the even- 
ing when every person had left the premises. For fuel wet spent tan bark is used, being 
first dried in a pan over the boiler, which heats the bark and dries off a portion of the 
water. When fuel is required for the furnace a supply is let down through chutes 
arranged for the purpose. When the fireman had g'one for the day there was still 
some fire smouldering in the furnace. Later in the evening by some means a fresh supply 
of dried bark got into the furnace and fed the fire sufficient to raise steam up to the 
bursting point, I did hear that the safety valve was stuck, as it would seem probable 
from the result. The building was damaged considerably. 

About the middle of December, at Bright, the boiler in a chopping mill blew up. 
No one was injured. 

These are all of the boiler explosions I have any knowledge of as having occurred in 
the Province in the yesr 1898. 

Other Explosions. 

In May, in the benzine refining house of the National Oil Co., Petrolia, the gas 
exploded, setting the building on fire and severly burning Mr. Fiddes, causing the loss 
of one eye. The tank wherein the benzine was treated with sulphuric acid was con- 
siderably elevated above the ground. Mr. Fiddes was up there when the explosion 
took place, and had to find his way down through smoke and flames. The cause of 
the explosion is not known. These explosions are not infrequent in refining houses, 

11 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No. 30). A. 1899 



the oil, or berzine, as the case may be, being treated with salphuric acid, which con- 
snmes the organic impurities contained therein, creates considerable heat by its action, 
and has to ha cartfuUy watched to keep the temperature at a safe point, so as not to drive 
cS any lighter gases there may be in the bei zine so treated. (Here it may be asked, is 
ihe temperature always carefully watched 1) The mystery is as to the cause of explosion, 
what ignites the gas ] Some suppose that electricity is the cau^p, and I have heard that 
Bome refineries in Ohio have adopted the plan of running a copper wire from the top of 
the tank to the ground to conduct c if the electricity. I have not heard of the success of 
this experiment. I have a theory as to its cause, viz., that from the steel nails in the 
bhoes of the operator at the refining house, coming in contact with grit or gravel on the 
btairp, or platform around the tank, may strike a spark which would ignite the gas ; and 
the same precaution?, in this respect, taken in powder factories, should be taken in this 
industry — wearing felt shoes. I'he gases from the lighter distillates of petroleum are 
more apt to be ignited by a spark than is powder or other explosives of this nature, for 
with the latter one has to step on the powder before it will explode. But in a refining 
house it is different ; the gas is everywhere, over head and under foot, is generally diffused, 
and being heavier than air, there is sure to be enough at the ground to explode violently. 
A spark is sufficient to ignite the whole volume of gas, and as it is everywhere present in 
tt refining house, the danger is greater than in a powder mill, where the explosive would 
need to be under foot, and would not spread unless there were considerable quantities 
■within reach of the original explosion. Of course the new high explosives, such as niiro 
glycerine, dynamite, mellinite, rack-a-rock and others, are diffrrent from the old 
fashioned powder. They are what chemists designate as unstable compounds, the elements 
01 which they are composed not having a strong affinity for each other', and easily dis- 
turbed ; often a shock or concussion will set off a quantity. 1 think that the precaution 
of wearing boots without nails, or felt boots, could very safely be observed at refining 
housep, and if they did no good, at least they would do no harm and give the refiner the 
benefit of the doubt. 

At Glen'w illiams, on December 1 2th, at Mr. Beaumont's woollen factory, an explosion 
of benzine took place, through Mr. Beaumont with a lighted lantern going near a tank 
containing benzine, when the vapour exploded; burning him severely. 

At Leamington, on December 17th, Ludlum's planing mill was burned by the 
explosion of natural gas used for fuel. T have no particulars of this occurrence. The gas 
from the wells was originally at a pressure of 500 pounds to the square inch, but the 
pressure has decreased to about 460 pounds. This pressure can be controlled to the wants 
of consumers, whether for heating steam boilers or to be used for cooking, when it is given 
out at a half pound pressure Its flame is rather blue for illuminating purposes, and 
givorf off a strong sulphurous smell in ourning. A serious accident happened a few years 
ago at Walkerville, to which place natural gas was conveyed in pipes from Kingsville, a 
distance of about 26 miles. The town people were celebrating some occasion and were 
to have an illumination by natural gas. A man was taking cff the cap of an upright pipe, 
seven inches diameter, conveying the gas, which was at a pressure of about 500 pounds, I 
am informed. He had given the cap a couple of turns when the immense pressure forced 
it cff, striking him and severly injuring him. I mention this to show that new dangers 
arise with new conditions or circumstances. Only experience, the best teacher, will 
point the way to necessary precautions. 

A few years ago there were quite a number of disasters among ignorant and careless 
quarrymen, from improper handling of nitro-glycerine and dynamite. As people gained 
knowledge from experience the mishaps are not so numerous, though many more people 
are using these dangerous compounds. For myself I give them a wide berth and do not 
want to be near them. Every winter we read of people being killed by thawing frozen 
nitro-glycerine, and by carelessly handling it or cans that had contained it. Some years 
ago a teamster hauling a quantity from the railroad station to the quarry, was going down 
a hill (it is supposed the horses were running), when the whole of it exploded and blew 

12 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No. 30). A. 1899 



the driver, horses and waggon, to atoms. This disaster was caused by the jolting of the 
waggon. In the G. T. railway yards at Stratford, some years ago, a quantity of nitro- 
glycerine was in a car that was being shunted ; it exploded from the concussion made by 
the cars hitting together, doing great damage and making a great hole, twenty feet across, 
beneath the track. It was a liquid, and some of it is supposed to have leaked from the 
tins, causing a small explosion by being rubbed by the tins and this small explosion set 
off the mass of nitro-glycerine. After this it was suggested to have liquid explosives 
absorbed into saw-dust or porous earth, and since the danger in handling is not so great, 
with intelligent handling 

These remarks on the subject of high explosives, are a little out of my realm, though, 
in a way, allied to it, but the dangers of natural and illuminating gas, benzine, gasoline, 
turpentine, spirits, ethers, etc., are all from ignorance of their properties, and if a know- 
ledge of these is obtained and observed in handling them, it can be done safely. 

A neglect to observe the precautions caused the death of a young man in a neighbor- 
ing town, who had an interest in the local gas works, making gas from petroleum 
(once distilled). On this occasion there was a fear that there would not be petroleum 
sufficient to supply gas for Ihe night, till a fresh supply came forward. After dark he 
was at the gas works and, I am informed, lowered a lighted lantern into the tank con- 
taining the supply of petroleum (or gas oil), when an explosion took place, so badly burn- 
ing him as to cause his death the next day. This unfortunate young man had a scien- 
tific education, and well knew of the dangers of gas-making and what precautions to take, 
but, I suppose, in his anxiety about the supply of oil to give the town light, he over- 
looked the precaution ; or he may have thought the vapour of the oil would not take 
fire from a lantern, but it was not a Davy safety lamp. 

Again, Mr. Beaumont blames himself for going near a benzine tank with a lighted 
lantern So then not only is a knowledge of the dangers incidental to some industries 
necessary, but also to keep that knowledge constantly before you, never for one moment 
letting it leave your thoughts. This is perhaps more easy to recommend than to carry out, 
for I often think that many of the accidents arising from a monotoaous occupation, such 
as feeding metal presses and some printing presses, etc., the mind becomes benumbed, as 
it were, from monotony and ceases to do duty as a guard against accident. Bat the fact 
of absolute safety depends on always being on the alert. But how about other people's 
carelessness 1 One cannot altogether control that. Very frequently some workmen 
receive serious and sometimes fatal injury through the carelessness of one or more of 
their fellow workers. Let every worker do his full duty to himself, as to taking proper pre- 
cautions, and there will not be so many accidents of an un preventable nature to report. 
Where there is machinery running there is always the risk of unforeseen accidents hap- 
pening, such as the breaking of a shaft, pulley or belt, and others, inflicting injury. 
The Factories Act can do and has done a great deal to prevent accidents, but those of an 
unpreventable nature or those happening for want of exercising proper caution depend 
on the workers themselves. It is satisfactory to note that accidents in the woodworking 
industries are less this year than last — 31 against 35 in 1897 ; this, too, in the face of 
improved trade conditions, which means more hurry and activity in factories and also an 
increase in the number of operators. 

On the other hand, in the met-il trades there were 26 accidents against 20 during" 
last year. There were a couple more of accidents from small gears of looms and spinning 
jacks. Accidents from these have been of rare occurrence. Elevators caused some acci- 
dents that were wholly unpreventable. The injured persons standing with a foot project- 
ing over the platform so as to be caught between it, in ascending, and some projecting 
obstruction in the shaft. I have suggested that such projections should be beveled down 
where practicable, so that the toe would be crowded back on the platform when it came in 
contact with the projection One had a baud injured in taking an ice-box up on the ele- 
vator ; did not properly place the box, so it caught in going up. He omitted to obey the 
■old proverb, " What is worth doing, is worth doing well." 

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62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No. 30). A. 1899 



Dangerous Trades. 

Some years ago the British Government, with the view of further improving the 
conditions of work in certain industries, appointed a committee " to enquire into and 
report upon certain miscellaneous dangerous trades." That committee has reported 
upon some ten or more of the specified dangerous trades, and through the courtesy of 
Thomas Oliver, M.D , F.R C. P., Physician to the Royal Infirmary, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 
a member of that committee, I have received a copy of the second interim report upon 
electrical generating works. This reports upon the process, the dangf-rs of working, 
and makes recommendations In view of the general use of electricity, which is becom- 
ing more and more extended, I have thought it well to give the essential part of that 
report, which will be found in an appendix, in the hope that the information found 
therein will be of service in preventing accidents. Most persons in charge of electrical 
generating works already know of the dangers and the means to avoid them, but new 
employes are ignorant of them, and a liberal and free distribution of the Factory Inspec- 
tors' Reports will tend to disseminate the knowledge of those dangers. 

I have the honor to be. Sir, 

Your obedient servant, 

ROBERT BARBER. 



Toronto, January, 1899. 



14 



CENTRAL DISTRICT. 



To tha Honorable the. Minister of Agriculture : 

Sir, — I have the honor to submit the following Report on Factories Inspection for 
the Central District for the year 1898 : 

It is pleasing to note that the industries report business as more brisk than it has 
been for some years, and it is to be hoped that the improvement may continue for some 
tiuae. It would be expecting too much to hope for a permanent improvement. It is to 
be regretted that the improved condition does not aSord opportunities for the employment 
of the •* surplus " labor which is still in evidence. 

Age of Children. 

Complaints have been made that children are employed under age in factories, 
and the Inspectors are requested to note the appearance of the children to be seen on 
the streets, after six o'clock p.m., as evidence that such is the case It would be well 
for those who complain to ascertain whether children under the age of fourteen years 
are employed in shops or factories. Children under fourteen being permitted to work 
in shops although not in factories. I believe that the age limic at which children 
should be employed in shops, should be raised from ten years, as at present, to twelve 
years at least, if not fourteen, to conform to the Compulsory School Attendance Act. 
The case of widows who are left with large families to provide for, is advanced aa 
a reason why children should be allowed to be employed under fourtet i years of age. 
That widows should be left to struggle with the up-bringing of families, and that the 
children should be deprived of school atcendance because of a father's death, is not very 
creditable to christian civilization. 

Hours of Labor. 

Complaints have been made that the limit of sixty hours has been exceeded in 
soaie cases, which on investigation have been remedied, and in one case there was a 
prosecution for the violation of the Act. In one case, where an overtime permit had 
been granted, allowing thirty six days on which overtime was allowed to be worked, 
complaint was made that the number had been worked, but that the firm intended 
to work an additional number of days. On investigat on I found that such was 
the case, and stopped the overtime being worked. In another case, where a permit 
had been granted, the firm desired one department to work overtime, which had not 
worked on thirty-six days. But as other departments had worked the fall limit, I could 
not permit any further overtime until twelve months would elapse from the time over- 
time was begun to be worked. The female employees are watching the days on which 
overtime is worked more closely now, and are not so indifidrent to their interests as here- 
tofore, but make their complaints known, anonymously or otherwise. 

The Women's Council, and other kindred organizations, take a greater interest in the 
condition of the female operatives, and send complaints of any infractions of the Factories 
Act, which come to their notice — an oversight which will tend materially to the benefit 
of the operatives. The great majority of employers endeavuur to carry out the provisions 
of the Factories Act, and are often unaware of infractions until they are brought to their 
notice. There is a hesitancy on the part of the workers to make any complaints, fearing 
th at if they were to complain a loss of work would result. 

[15] 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No. 30). A. 1899 



Closets. 

Complaints have been made in regard to insufficient closet accommodation. Cases have 
occurred where, although the employees have increased in number to double what 
the accommodation was intended for, no additional accommodation had been provided. 
In one case a change of tenants deprived the employees of an industry, the use of 
a convenience. The employer was willing to put in oce provided he would be allowed 
to deduct the cost of the closet from the rent, which the owners of the building would 
not allow. Under the Health Act, the local Board of Health could authorize the 
tenant to deduct the cost of the closet from the rent. The Local Board were notified of 
the circumstances, but, presumably for local reasons, did not care to take action in the 
matter. As under the Factories' Act the employer is responsible, I had to notify the 
employer that he must either provide the convenience or vacate the premises. Having 
lodged an information I left the matter to be dealt with by the Police Magistrate. 

Complaints have been made by tenants and employees in offices as to the lack of 
conveniences ; but the Impectors under the Factories' Act and Shops' Act have no 
jurisdiction in regard to offices. The employees consider that as they are similarly con- 
stituted, conveniences should be provided for them as well as for those in factories and 
shops. 

Complaints 

In many cases where complaints are made by employees, in regard to the sanitary 
conditions of the premises in which they work, a fear is expressed lest their employer 
should learn the name of the party complaining, and thereby lead to loss of work» 
It is cause for legret that the fear of the loss of employment should deter those 
who may be sufiering in health as a consequence of a lack of sanitary appliances, or 
whose safety may be endangered by a lack of safeguards, from making complaints in 
regard to the same. Cold workrooms in winter are cause of complaint in sedentary 
occupations. As more and better work may reasonably be expected from employees in a 
comfortably heated work-room, it is in the interest of the employers to see that there 
should be no cause for complaint on the part of the workers in that respect. 

Frequent complaints have been made of insufficient light in moulding shops, and 
the consequent danger incurred by the workers therein while '* pouring oflF." While no 
provision is made under the Factories Act in regard to insufficient, light, yet if the safety 
of any person employed therein is endangered, by reason of insufficient light, an employer 
might be held liable for any accident which might occur. Lime- washing the interior of 
factories, and moulding ghops particularly, would tend to brighten up the surroundings of 
the workers, and aid in promoting health as well. 

Meal Times. 

While no decision has been given in regard to the times allowed for meals of 
certain persons employed in factories in Ontario under the Factories Act, the following 
report of a case in the High Court may be of interest : Some employers are of opinion 
that their females can work during a portion of the dinner hour if they wish to do 
so. It may appear hard that they should not be allowed to do so ; but when it is 
considered that many females are on their feet while at work, they require tne full hour 
so as to enable them to get a rest, while those who sit at work might not be inconvenienced 
by taking less than an hour, but those should have regard for the welfare of the others 
Tvho have to stand while at work. In some cases employers have invited their employees 
to send in a request to be allowed to take less than an hour for the noon day meal, and 
imagine that by obtaining the signatures to the request, they, the employers, would be 
theieby exempt from any responsibility, under the Factories Act. If such were the case 
a Factories Act would be useless, as few employtes would care to refuse any request which 
the employers might ask them to sign. The following is the report of the case above 
referred to : — 

From the Solicitors' Journal, London, England, [1898] 1, Q. B. 881. 

16 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No. 30). A. 1899 



Prior V. The Slaithwaite Spinning Oo. Div. Oourt, 29 April. Factory Acts, Meal- 
Times — Employment — Factory and Workshop Act. 

Section 17 of the Factory and Workshop Act, 1878, provides (subsection 2) with 
respect to the meals of perEons employed in a factory or workshop that : " A child, young 
person, or woman shall not during any part of the times allowed for meals in the factory 
or workshop, be employed in the factory or the workshop, or be allowed to remain in a 
room in which a manufacturing process or handicraft is being there carried on.'* 
Section 19 provides for the times of meal times being specified in a notice alfixed 
in the factory or workshop, and that the times allowed for meals shall be deemed 
to be the times so specified. Section 94 provides, " A. child, young person or 
woman who works in a factory or workshop, whether for wages or not, either in 
a manufacturing process or handicraft, or in cleaning any part of the factory or 
workshop used for any manufacturing process or handicraft, or in cleaning or oiling 
any part of the machinery, shall, save in so far as is otherwise provided by this Act, 
be deemed to be employed therein within the meaning of this Act " 

An information was laid against the respondents that a young person was employed 
in their factory during the time allowed for meals. The young person, a boy named 
Garside, on the 13th of November, 1897, stayed inside the factory, a textile mill, during 
the time allowed for dinner. He did so of his own accord, because it was warmer inside • 
he having finished his dinner before the dinner time expired. In order to while away 
the time, he set to work to oil the spindles. In doing so he was acting contrary to the 
rules made by the respondents and aifixed to the mill. It was no part of Garside's duty 
to oil the spindles ; his duty was to tie up broken threads. The justices before whom 
the information was heard dismissed it upon the ground that there was no evidence that 
the boy was employed by the respondents, but they stated a case for the opinion of the 
High Court. It was contended by the respondents that the acta don*> by the boy were 
not necessarily evidence that he " worked " within the meaning of section 94. These 
acts might have been mere mischief or done for the sake of amusement. It was further 
contended that the reepondents were entitled to exemption under the terms of section 87. 

The Oourt (Wills and Kennedy, J.J.) allowed the appeal, and remitted the case to 
the justices to convict. 

Willf, J., said that nnder the words of the enactment extreme cases of hardship 
might arise from which the mind revolted ; but those cases were not of frequent occur- 
rence and it was important to see whether it was necessary for the legislature to cover 
such cases in order to attain the objects aimed at by the legislation. The policy of the 
enactment was to ensure that certain classes of persons employed in factories and work- 
shops should have the hours allowed for their meals preserved intact. That policy could 
not be carried out in the manner provided in the Act, and it mattered not how rigorously 
it might work in some cases, if the case fell within the terms of the Act it might be dealt 
with accordingly. In the present case the boy was oiling spindles during the dinner -hour. 
He was none the less working in spite of the fact that he was doing what he did to amuse 
himself ; nor did the distinction avail that his doing what he did was contrary to orders. 
The magistrate did not find that the boy was not working ; all he found was that he was 
not employed by the respondents. The respondents were not entitled to the benefit of 
the exemption contained in section 87 of the Act, for it was essential to that exemption, 
that an information should be preferred against another person. 

Accidents. 

The number of accidents reported and ascertained as having occurred durin^^ the 
year are eighty-one, four of which were fatal. Of the whole number eighteen were caused 
by circular eaws, one of which was fatal. 

It is to be regretted that where fatal accidents occur, or those where loss of limb or 

other injury renders the person irjured unable to earn a living, and where a family is 

left dependent on the community, no fund should be available to aid the family. In 

the case of the family of David Higgins, whose death resulted from being scalded an 

2 F. 17 o . 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No. 30). A. 1899 



appeal has been made to the public, to aid the widow who has been left with tive Email 
children, the eldest of whom is only seven years of age. It becomes a question as to 
whether it should be left to private charity, or whether the state or municipality should 
grant aid. It might be asked who has been most benefited by the labor of the deceased ] 

It is strange with what indifference reports of the occurrence of accidents are sent 
in. In order that products may be cheapened, machinery is used necessitatingj risks of 
life and limb in the operation thereof. With the knowledge that where machinery is in 
ise accidents will occur sooner or later, yet no provision for a fund is made to grant aid 
uo the sufferers by reason of accidents. Recourse may be had to the law, but usually 
those most interested are unable to obtain legal services, and even where compensation is 
obtained the results are unsatisfactory to one or other of the parties, and ill-feeling 
results. 

It is questionable whether all accidents which dcour in factories are reported, as in 
many cases accidents are only ascertained as having occurred on visits of inspectors. 
Prosecutions would require to be resorted to in order to overcome the tendency to for- 
getfalness. Many accidents occur in places other than factories, or minor accidents may 
occur in factories which do not require to be reported under the Factories Act. Accidents 
only require to be reported where the person injufed is prevented from working for more 
than six da]is next after an accident. 

Grinding and Polishing. 

While great improvement has taken place in factories where grindstones and emery 
■wheels are in use, there is still room for improvement. It is cause for regret that even 
in wet grinding lives should be sacrificed by "grinders' consumption," cauted by the 
dust generated by "hacking" the grindstone when at rest, which requires to be done in 
some cases as often as six or more times a day according to the class of work to be per- 
formed. At some classes of work "hacking" requires to be done only twice a day. 
Care in the selection of those free from throat and long affections would to a great extent 
meet the requirements in this case. While the great majority of employers endeavour to 
comply with the requirements of the Act, in providing means for the removal of dust, 
there are always cases where pressure is necessary to compel proper means to be provided 
for its removal as far as practicable. A case in point is reported under the head of 
prosecutions. 

Prosecutions. 

There were three prosecutions for contraventions of the Factories Act. 

Arthur Little, Gravenhurst, for allowing his son under fourteen years of age to be 
employed in a saw mill, was fined $5 and costs. Complaint was made to me that the boy 
was not the age represented ; the parent had given a certificate thit the boy was over 
fourteen years of age. From the information received I had reason to believe that the 
certificate was false. I told the parent what I had heard, he assured me that the informa- 
tion given me was not correct, and that I might rely on his statement. On investigation 
at the Registrar General's department I found that the parent h*d cercified to the boy's 
awe as being two years older than he really was. Hence the prosecution. It would be 
well for those who make a false entry to know that the 37th section of the Factories Act 
R.S.O. 1897, Chap. 256, reads thus :— 

E/ery person who wilfully makes a false entry in any register, no!;ice, certific*;* or 
document required by this Act to be left or served or seat, or whi wilfully misea or 
signs a false declaration under this Act, or who knowingly makes uaa of any such false 
entry or declarabioa, shall, apon cauviction thereof, be liible to imprisoumeno in the cooa- 
mon »aol of the county wherein the offence was caoamitted for a pjfiod not exceeding six 
months or to a fine of not more than $100 with costs of proaeoution, and in dafaalt of 
immediate payment of such fine and coses, then to impriaonmeat aforesaid. 

18 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No. 30). A. 1899 



E. P. Watson, of St. Catharines, for employing a girl for more than sixty hours dur- 
ing one week without permission, was fined ^10. Complaint was made that females were 
being worked more than sixty hours a week. The defendant in tins case had on a former 
occasion, when a similar complaint was found to be true, promised to conform strictly to 
the requirements of the Act, and was not then prosecuted. On investigation I found that 
fourteen females had worked more than sixty hours in one week. I lodged information 
against him in one case only, with the above result. He appeared to be of the opinion 
that he could afford to violate the law. I. explained to him that he would be liable to 
prosecution for every one so employed, and that in any future like infraction a prosecu- 
tion would be instituted in each and every case. 

Thomas J. Carroll, of Hamilton, for keeping a factory unlawfully, was fined $? and 
$8 costs. In this case the inlet piping for the removal of dust from the emery wheels 
was eight inches in diameter with an outlet pipe four inches in diameter. The joints and 
connections were open and ill-fitting and the plant as a whole was the worst botched work 
of the kind that I have seen in twelve years' experience. The defendant took the ground 
that he had complied with the requirements, and as he stated that he would do nothing 
more either for the Government or me, it was necessary to see whether the police 
magistrate could cause the necespary change to be eff'^cted. Considerable improvement 
has been made^ and so far no further complaints have been received. 

It is cause for regret that it should be necessary in the closing years of the nineteenth 
century to compel some to act humanely towards their fellowmen, in providing means to 
preserve their health, which otherwise would be likely to be permanently injured. 

An information was laid against A. W. Porte, of Toronto, for not allowing females 
in his employ one hour for the noonday meal. In this case the employer desired to make 
a test case, the employees having signed a requisition to be allowed to commence work at 
12:30, instead of 1 o'clock, so as to enable them to quit work at 5:30 instead of 6 o'clock. 
If employees were to be allowed to rfquisition themselves out of the operation of the Act, 
it would be useless to pass a Factories Act. While those who sit at work might not be 
incoaveniencf d by having only half an hour for the noonday meal, those who stand at 
work require an hour for rest. Selfishness rules in this a3 in other matters, and some 
ignore the welfare of others so long as they themselves are satisfied. The employer hav- 
ing expressed his intention of giving the full hour, the charge was withdrawn. 

Bake Shops. 

In some cases limewashing is not attended to as punctually as might be. Troughs 
and other utensils are kept clean as a rule, and in most cases as clean as could be 
desired. Complaint has been made to me as to the journeymen being required to work 
on Sunday night in Ottawa, but as I was unable to secure evidence of any infrac- 
tions I was instructed to leave the matter with the Crown Attorney and the local 
authorities to deal with. The employing bakers claim that the public demand new bread 
on Monday morning, hence the reason for Sunday work, and they want to get the wagons 
oat early on Monday, fearing that customers would be lost if any other wagons get ahead 
of theirs. The drivers of bread wagons want to get out early on Monday morning, that 
being the day for making the weekly collections. The journeymen claim that if they 
are allowed to work at 10 o'clock on Sunday night it would not be long before they 
would be required to start work on Sunday afternoons, as is alleged to have been the 
case in Toronto, where, as stated, for fifteen years no Saadiy work was required to be 
done other than setting a sponge or making a "straight dough," but gradually one or 
two began to start earlier, and others folio seed, until finally work was bagun on Sunday 
afternoons, and the working bikers claim, thit similar cjnditions would result w^re work 
to be allowed to be begun at 10 or 11 o'clock on Sunday night. They also state thit, with 
one or two additional helpers, beginning after Sunday midnight would ena>le the bread 
to be got out in sutficient time on Monday morning. 

19 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No. 30). A. 1899 



As many of the employing bakers are satisfied with the law as it is, the only course 
would be to brine; the matter before the Police Magistrate where evidence of a contraven- 
tion of the Act was obtained, and let him deal with the case. 

Certificates op Births. 

Having on several occasipns recommended that children before being allowed ta 
work in factories should be furnished with a teacher's certificate of age on leaving 
school, I would again urge the necessity of obtaining such certificate. When it ia 
considered that many of the children have been born in Great Britain, the United States, 
Europe, and in Canada out of the Province of Ontario, where there is little chance of 
verifying the correctness of a certificate, a teacher's certificate as to the age of a child 
in such cases might be relied on. Even where children are born in Ontario, out of thirty 
certificates sent for verification, fifteen were not on record, eight were on record and cor- 
rect, seven were on record but false dates were given. In cases where false certificates 
are given, where the father signs the certificate, the blame is often laid on the mother. 
A case in point occurs to me where a father, requested to explain why he had given a 
false certificate, replied as follows : — '• With reference to my boy working in the cotton 
mill who is under age, it was through the mistake of my wife and by me not looking into 
it, I trust you will not take any action in the matter, as 1 have a large family to sup- 
port." In reply, I wrote, " What is the use of trying to shift the blame on your wife? 
You knew when you signed the certificate that it was false, and you ought to be man 
enough to own up and acknowledge your fault. You acknowledged tu others that you 
knew he was under age, and you promised you would assume all responsibility and 
express regret for having given the false certificate. Try and do so, and don't put any 
blame on your wife." In answer, he wrote, " I am very sorry I signed the certificate 
stating my boy was of age. I did not stop to think I was doing such a wrong, but I 
fully realize it now, and I promise not to repeat it again," Having pleaded not to be 
prosecuted on account of his large family, the offence was overlooked. But it will be 
necessary to make an example of some to put a slop to false certificates being signed. 

Overtime Permits. 

Twenty-five overtime permits were granted during the year. The greatest number 
granted in any former year. 

Appended is a list of accidents. 

I have the honor to be, Sir, 

Yours very respectfully, 

JAMES R. BROWN, 

Inspector of Factories. 



20 



EASTERN DISTRICT. 



To the Honorabln the Minister of Agriculture for Ontario : 

Honorable Sir, — I beg to submit herewith my annual report for the year 1898. 

In making my inspection I was pleased to notice the continual progress in protect- 
ing machinery to prevent accidents, and I must say that in the majority of cases they 
aeem to have complied with all the requirements of the Factories' Act. 

I have, however, found in many cases neglect more on the part of superintendent to 
renew protection to machinery which have been destroyed or to have them replaced when 
temporarily taken oflF. It is nevertheless gratifying to notice that there is a decrease in 
these small matters. 

Now that the employers have understood the necessity of all the requirements of the 
Act in protecting the employees from accident and loss of life, or injury to their consti- 
tution, by providing guards to machinery, proper fire escapes, and cleanliness in all work 
rooms, as well as ventilation and dust fans, and that they have willingly so far complied 
with most of these requirements as much as possible, it might be opportune at this 
present time to consider if some amendments could not be introduced at some near future 
time to further extend the protection to life, constitution and morals of the employees, 
especially the young. 

I have noticed in several factories more activity this year than for several years past, 
and in some the increase of business has been such that they contemplate extension to 
their buildings. In such case no extension or no new building should be permitted to be 
erected and used for factory purposes unless the plans have been submitted to the 
Inspectors, as far as regards the ventilation, construction and location of water closets, 
and the construction and location of fire escapes. The Inspectors, having experience as 
to the requirements of the Act in these matters, and being in a position to know how the 
hands to be employed in these factories can be better protected, must be in a position to 
better advise the employers in these respects. And they also know how difficult it is to 
have these requirements properly carried out when not provided for in the construction 
of the building. Another matter that could be enforced in these cases would be to have 
boiler houses provided for and located outside the main building; in many casestheemployera 
themselves understand the importance of this measure and have removed their boilers 
outside, as I have noticed this year at the knitting factory in Perth as well as in Cornwall, 
as already mentioned in my previous report. "With regard to this question I consider, as 
I have previously stated, to accord full protection to employees it would be necessary that 
all parties using boilers which are not insured in some reliable companies should have 
them inspected once or twice a year by properly qualified and licensed boiler inspectors 
and a certificate of such inspection be presented to the factories inspectors at their visits. 
It would also be necessary to provide in some manner for the employment of none but 
competent men as engineers. 

Sanitary Conditions and Ventilation. 

Most of the factories are kept in a clean and healthy condition, some of them 
whitewashing their walls twice a year ; water closets are kept clean, but yet in many 
instances in old factories the approaches are not separated, although the water closets 
are separated by a low board partition. There are, however, some small establishments 
where they are slow and neglectful on this point, floors and walls are kept too long 
without being cleaned and, in the case of saw-mills and factories for the manufacture 
of wood, very often the cuttings of wood, sawdust and shavings are allowed to accumu- 
late around the machinery, rendering them difficult of access and dangerous to the 
parties using them. In every case of this nature which we find at our visit we are 

[21] 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No. 30). A. 189^ 



told that it was due to pressure of work for the past few days and they promise to attend 
to the matter in a day or two — a promise which is not always carried out. Bat I must 
say that in the matter of cleanliness there is also a vast improvement and a better 
desire on the part of the employers to carry out the wishes of the inspectors in that respect. 
In a few small places proper water closets were not provided, as, for instance, at the 
woollen mill in Perth small board closets are built in the field at a distance of some two 
hundred feet from the factory, altogether unfit for use during the winter season. This mill 
has fallen into the hands of a new company and new management and they have promised 
to attend to the matter at once on completing their building. In one cigar factory in 
Brockville there is no water closet accommodation for females, and, although I had previously 
notified them to have some constructed, the employer had not yet attended to the matter 
at my last visit of inspection this year. The ventilation has somewhat improved, but in 
some instances not to the extent that we might expect. 

Fire Escapes. 

I have nothing to add with regard to fire escapes to what I have already stated 
in my report for the year 1897. In every factory where ropes had been ordered 
they have been placed to my satisfaction and in accordance with my instructions. It 
would be advisable that in the construction of new factory buildings, extension to or 
remodelling of old ones, the proprietor be required to build two leading stairways at 
opposite sides and in towers separated from the main work rooms by iron or iron-covered 
doors opening both ways, as no fire escapes can be of such service, and none can be as 
reliable in case of panic, as such protected stairways used as ordinary passage way 
by the employees. 1 must state, however, that the danger from fire is reduced to a 
minimum, as during the working hours it is almost impossible for a fire to spread rapidly 
with all the available automatic and other means of stopping fires almost at their origin. 

Accidents. 

I am pleased to be able to report that the number of accidents decrease continually 
every year. This, I consider, is due to the increased protection to machinery. Soma 
years past, when the Act was being pat in force, scarcely one week would pass with- 
out the publication of some very serious accidents ; in fact, in one saw-mill I have 
known of four fatal cases occurring in the one year from the same machinery. Now, after a 
few years' operation of the Act, we have but very few accidents to record, and very seldom 
any of a serious character, and in that mill to which I refer above I had to record but 
one fatal accident in eight years, and that was entirely due to the fault of the employee, 
a young boy who, in attempting to play about a shaft, got caught and was whirled 
around and killed against a post before assistance could reach him. 

The following are the accidents reported to me : — In the J. W. Mann Manufacturing 
Co., of Brockville, one Morton Olds had his right arm drawn into revolving knives of a 
surface planer and cut off while attempting to remove a piece of wood which stuck in 
the frame of the planer. 

On the 14th of July one William Barries had his foot caught on shaft in a filing 
room in the W. C. Edwards' Mills, and was so badly bruised that amputation became 
necessary. 

On the ■26th of same month one George Kelley was killed by being caught in the 
belt of a machine he was operating in the George Gillies hardware factory of Gananoque. 

On the 20th of August one Wm. Buckland had his left fore arm cut by a circular 
saw in the wood room of the Toronto Paper Mill at Cornwall. 

The machinery where these accidents occurred was fully protected. 

I have had to grant a few permits to work overtime to fill orders in time to the 
Canadian Colored Cotton Mills at Cornwall and the Rosamond Woollen Mills at Almonte, 
and one woollen factory at Appleton. 

22 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No. 30). A. 1899^ 



Bake Shops. 

So many bake shops have been built previoas to the passing of the Act for their 
regulation, and regardless, therefore, of any of the provisions therein contained and 
also regardless of the comfort of their employes, that to enforce the requirements of 
the Act would entail the entire reconstruction of the buildings, and in many cases the 
exigencies of the land would not permit of any extension to provide for wash-rooms, or 
resting or sleeping places. However, as much as circumstances will permit changes are 
ordered and carried out for the purpose of giving more comfort to workmen and with a 
view to Improve the sanitary conditions. To insure the proper enforcement of clause 41 
of the Act it would be necessary that all workmen in bake shops be provided with a cer- 
tificate from some licensed doctor that they are not affected with any of the diseases 
therein mentioned and such certificate be presented to the Inspector at the time oC 
inspection. 

Child Labor. 

While it has beea a pleasure to me to notice the decrease of accidents antf 
the increased protection to machinery, I have observed other evils which are not so 
easily remedied, viz, danger to the moral and physical as well as intellectual develop- 
ment of the young by being confined and permanently employed in factories for sixty 
hours every week. When the Act came in operation the employers mistrusted the 
Inspectors, and were so prejudiced against them and the Act that they considered it as an 
interference with their business and liberty as citizens ; but by using much discretioa 
and enforcing the provisions of the Act gradually and in such cases only which seemed, at 
the time, reasonable to the employer the Inspectors have succeeded in divesting him of all 
prejudices ; and in my district I must say that I have now reached a point where I can, 
secure the cooperation of mostly all employers and many overseers, not only in the carry- 
ing out of all suggestions made in accordance with the Act, but also any propositions tc 
better the conditions of the employees. 

The greatest difficulty I have experienced so far is the ascertaining of the proper age 
of children employed. I have noticed this year many who appeared to be under the 
legal age, but on being questioned, invariably replied that they were old enough to be 
employed, and in every case a certificate of age was left at the office. By reading these 
certificates, which are mostly prepared by the employer or clerks and purported to be 
signed by the parent or guardian, it is evident that they are made simply for the purpose 
of relieving the employer of the responsibility of the employment of said child, and in. 
case of prosecution no convictions could be secured, as no evidence could be given as te 
the signatures of the parents. I have ordered that in future no certificates be taken unless 
signed by the parents in the office of the factory and witnessed by some one who could 
give evidence if required. Some special forms of certificates of age will have to be adopted 
in order to make them more reliable, and if containing false statements the guilty party 
could be successfully prosecuted. 

There is much difierence of opinion as to the mininum age at which children should 
be allowed to work in factories, some even consider that children should be allowed to 
work at any age and that the parents should be the only judge in the matter, and that any 
law on this subject is a restraint of their previleges and their authority. In some of my 
previous reports I have given reasons to show the wisdom of the government in passing 
such laws, and suggested that they could even go somewhat farther in the restric:ion of 
employment of children. Considering that many children have ceased going to school 
at the age of fourteen and have obtained at that age a reasonable common education con- 
sidered sufficient by their parents, who, owing to their financial position and sometimes 
the large number of the family, could not afford to keep them at school any longer, the 
minimum age of fourteen years to work in a factory might be considered proper, but this 
age should apply to all factories. To allow them to work in certain of them at a younger 
age is simply to deprive them of attending schools, and it is well known that when once 

23 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No. 30). A. 1899 



children are taken away from schools and sent out to work it takes away from them all 
desire to be educated, and develops in their miad the greed for money ; or very often it 
gives their parents a chance to sacrifice the future of their children to their extravagance, 
and sometimes intemperance, as I have noticed. 

This year I have made my inspections especially with a view of studying the effect 
of confinement and permanent work on the young children, and I am sorry to have to 
report that it is generally disastrous to them both as to their physical and intellectual 
development as well as to their morals. Tn saw-mills one cannot fail to observe that the 
work is of such a character generally and hours of work so long that none but adults 
should be employed. Their constitutions and minds have been dwarfed and dulled by the 
constant employment at work of a dangerous character, often above their strength. In 
other factories, such as cotton and woolen, you will observe the young children somewhat 
brighter, but of that kind of brightness which denotes that their morality has been con- 
siderably contaminated by constant contact with grown up persons of both sexes, where 
they frequently hear very obscene language. I had occasion to learn from two young boys 
in Cornwall to what extent this danger exists when they related to me what "fun "to 
use their expression, they had in congregaticg with both sexes during recess or before and 
after working hours. I have consulted with the managers, who admitted the danger, and 
promised to co-operate with me in getting at some means to remedy it. 1 have no doubt 
that it is from this class of persons that most of the criminals are coming. In Kingston, 
I was shocked when entering a cigar work-room to see a large number of boys and 
girls making cigars, and wetting with their tonguef, already soiled, the tobacco leaves of 
the cigar. This must be very injurious as well as conducive to bad habits and morals. 
How to remedy such a state of things is difficult to suggest at the present time, but I expect 
if the employers and overseers continue to give the Inspector their co operation, as they 
are now willing to do, I have no doubt that considerable improvement could be obtained. 
I have in my district small mills where a sufficient number of hands are not employed to 
bring them under the control of the Act. In these small mills young children are 
employed, and often the machinery is of a dangerous character, being old, having been 
removed from larger mills. I consider that all these mills where power and machinery are 
«sed should come under our control. 

In conclusion I may say that if no child was allowed to be employed under the age 
of say 1 6 years unless he could read and write, or that he produces a certificate that he 
has attended schools such time as is required by the School Act, a large number would be 
dismissed from the various mills or factories, and this would have the effect of preparing 
their mind, to better lesist the danger to their morals by the contact with older persons of 
different sexes, and would ensure a better class of citizens for the next generation. 



I have the honor to be, Hon. Sir, 

Yours most respectfully 



O. A. ROOQUE, 

Factories Inspector. 



24 



REPORT OF FEMALE INSPECTOR OF FACTORIES. 

To the Honorable the Minister of Agriculture : 

Sir, — I have the honor to submit to you my Annual Report of inspection of fac- 
tories, workshops, and mercantile establishments in Ontario for the year 1898. 

In submitting to you a report of the work done for the year, you will readily under- 
stand how difficult it is to give an adequate idea of the actual work done — how much 
work is frequently done that apparently bears no immediate fruit, and of which no formal 
report can be made. 

It is not necessary to enter into any extended comment as to the necessity or value of 
factory inspection, because the practical results of those years of effort in that direction 
under laws improved and amended from time to time show that suoh supervision was 
needed, and that the exercise of such powers has improved the conditions of factory life 
everywhere throughout Ontario. 

[t has gradually become apparent that for the protection of the employed legal 
regulations and restrictions are as necessary in mercantile houses as in the factory. I 
have inspected all places where women are employed frequently ; some I have done 
monthly, others at longer intervals, according to requirement. 

Very many valuable improvements have been made during the year. Nearly every- 
thing I have asked for in the way of bettering conditions in and around the factory for 
comfort, health, and safety has been complied with, and I wish to thank the employers, 
for their kind and courteous treatment and co operation in assisting me to better the 
conditions of the thousands of toilers in their employ. It is becoming almost a universal 
desire to do whatever should be conducive to the welfare of the workers with no more 
delay than might be necessary. Of course, a few objectors are always to be found to 
unaccustomed ways, bat with time and patience the two great elements of success, they 
are getting to understand their duty and mine. Very few have attempted to resist or 
evade the law after official warning. 

As in former years, I have endeavored to reach the smaller workshops, as in them 
there is most to be done — every visit the same necessity to order cleaning up and other 
necessary change which contribute to the well-being and safety of the work- women. It 
is necessary to visit these places frequently, because they have the most to be desired in 
the point of cleanliness. They are altogether different from the large factories, the space 
is small, not so well ventilated, and the idea seeming to prevail that anything will answer 
where so few are employed. 

Trade. 

I am pleased to report that a fairly satisfactory year has been experienced in nearly 
every industry. Very many factories which have stood idle foi some years are now 
running with a full force of operators and on full time. Every department and room in 
the factory or mill demands the attention of the Inspector. I think the year has been 
one of exceptional activity and prosperity, though there is much grumbling over the small 
margin of profits. Nearly everybody who wants employment can find it, which is quite a 
contrast to former years. As a result of the general business improvement, I find it lesft 
trouble to secure ready compliance with the laws. 

Complaints. 

I have received many written complaints, and others verbal, and some have reference 
to matters as to which, as the law stands, an Inspector has no direct power. I have 
given strict attention to all complaints of infringements of the law in connection with 
wo men's and children's labor. 

[25] 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No. 30). A. 1899^ 



I have had complaints of factories which were running overtime, and upon investi- 
gation they proved to be a misapprehension of the meaning of the law regulating the 
hours of labor so as to give a shorter day on Saturday. Many complaints have been 
received from females of injury to their health, which is caused by working during a. 
considerable portion of the year in cold rooms. 

I continue to receive complaints of charging the operatives with the thread used ia 
the manufacture of women's and children's underwear, this being considered a grievance. 
Why should this necessary article be charged at all 1 Workers feel it quite as unjust to 
have to make a separate payment for this as to have to submit to a reduction of wages. 

Unrestricted employment of women as waitresses to go outside to supper parties at 
the end of their full day's work in the shop is a subject about which I have received many 
complaints. After investigation I found I could do nothing, as the question ia not 
dealt with by Shop or Factories Act. 

Child Labor. 

The law prohibiting the employment of children in factories before the age of four- 
teen is, generally speaking, fairly well complied with. IV est of the manufacturers wiU 
not employ a child whom they believe to be under the legal age, but there are others 
who do not hesitate to emploj any child large enough to do the work, if they can protect 
themselves against the law by parents' certificates, or any means whereby the responsi- 
bility can be thrown on someone else. 

The attempt is always made to show how great a hardship it would be in some of 
the families of the poor if they were deprived of the income which they derive from the 
labor of the children, but everyone who is familiar with the subject knows that child 
labor means cheap labor, and that the child becomes a competitor in the market of labor 
with his older brothers, and ev(n with his parents, to the extent that child labor lowers 
wages. Upon one pretence or another children are defrauded of the most precious period 
of their lives. We often get children in the factory who could not sign their own names. 
The child should be afibrded an opportunity to obtain at least an elementary education. 
Our work people are naturally bright, but would be much more so if well grounded in 
the three essentials, reading, writing and arithmetic, before being permitted to enter the 
factory. This should be at least the ground work to build and improve upon ; as for the 
children themselves, you will get a more intelligent class of boys and girls, who would 
give less trouble in instructing them in their duties, placing them all in a position that 
they reed not be at the bottom rung of the ladder unless it is their choice. We appear 
to be working towards the time when it will be a question of the survival of the fittest. 
Why not educate the children to meet the emergency 1 

OoNTRACT Making of Clothing. 

There is no more difficult matter to cope with than the contract system of making 
clothing. During the past year I have made a special efi'ort to locate these shops, 
and as far as the law permits, with salutary efieot. I am pleased to report that 
the idea has been impressed upon most of those contractors that they must keep their 
premises in a reasonably clean condition if they are to continue the manufacture of 
clothing ; but it cannot be said, notwithstanding the improvement noted, that the evil 
has been eradicated. Only the surface conditions have been bettered. There is little 
in the method of doing this work to comment upon, except in the competition which 
invites contracts for very low wages. The most of those garment workers in the 
struggle for existence feel obliged to accept wages that are little above starvation. The 
expenses for lighting, heating, help and rent must be the lowest possible in order 
that some slight profit may be made. Those work shops, with few exceptions, are the 
worst kept. Located as best they can be in old buildings or in private houses, in narrow 

26 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No. 30). A. 1899 



streets, in lanes, back yards, sometimes basements, they lack equally in light, air and 
cleanliness. Old houses have very poor plumbing arrangements, and connections with 
sewers are miserable. To attempt to apply factory discipline in tenement houses success- 
fully is next to impossible. 

Some of those work shops, during the winter month*, owing to the large consump- 
tion of gas, both for heating irons and lighting, constitute conditions which could be well 
improved upon. Another diflficulty in many of those places is the unsanitary conditions 
of many of the water closets. In many cases the best endeavors of the employers were 
defeated by the slovenly and untidy habits of the employees. When closets are placed 
in the entry way, atd are used in common by the females of two or more shops, it is diffi- 
cult to place the responsibility of the uncleanliness upon the proper person. I have 
worked hard and persistently to secure a better standard of cleanliness in this respect, 
but in some cases without procuring the desired result. 

Another class is the family contractors, over which I have no control. The work is 
done by the piece, and as a consequence in families the hours of labor are wholly unre- 
stricted, running often far into the night. The question has been put to me : " Why 
may a man work his own children harder than other folks, and why may clothing be rcade* 
under dirty conditions where one family is working, when I only employ four and must 
set my house in order and conform to regular hours 1 " Their work is taken from these 
abodes, for they serve the purposes of work rooms, sleeping quarters and dwelling place, 
to the public clothing store, and placed side by side with the factory-made goods. It is 
not difficalt to tell what the ultimate result will be. While factory legislation tends to 
purify and improve the factories, it does so at an increased expenditure to the factory 
owners, while these other places are not subject to any such expense. In order to remedy 
the evil we must begin at the foundation. The first measure stands the improvement of 
their dwellings. It is necessary that these premises should be rendered suitable to health, 
decency, and safety. There is a section in the laws of Pennsylvania to regulate the 
employment and provide for the safety of persons employed in tenement houses or shops 
where clothing or other articles are made or partially made. It is as follows : 

Sec. — " Be it enacted that no room or apartment in any tenement or dwelling house shall be used for 
the manufacture of coats, vests, trousers, knee pants, overalls, shirts and hosiery, and no person, firm or 
corporation shall hire or employ any person to work in any room, apartment in any building, or pjrtof 
any building, at making in whole or part of any of the articles mentioned in this section, without first 
obtaining a written permit from the factory inspector stating the number of persons allowed to be employed 
therein, and that the building or part of the building intended to be used for such work is thoroughly cleaned, 
sanitary, and fit for occupancy. Such permit shall not be granted until an inspection of such premises is 
made by the inspector. Such permit may be revoked by the inspector at any time the health of the com- 
munity, or those so employed, may require it. Every person or firm contracting for the manufacture of 
any of the articles mentioned shall, before contracting for such articles, require the production by such con- 
tractors of the said permit from the factory inspectors, and shall keep a written register of the names and 
addresses of such persons to whom such work is given out to be made, such register shall be produced for 
inspection, and a copy shall be made on demand by the factory inspector." 

This would make a vast difference in the clothing trade. It would compel the whole- 
sale manufacturer to insist upon his outside contractors having a shop permit ; then the 
contractor could not get work without it. Thus it would be necessary for him to have 
a clean and healthy shop before he could secure this permit. The same would hold 
good in reference to family workers, over which we have no jurisdiction. They would 
be subject to the same inspection, and would have to hold the same permit as the person 
who employs help to do his work. There would be a marked improvement in the condi- 
tions under which the manufacture of ready-made clothing is carried on. Perm, ts from 
families as well as shops would be a strong point. I think it would be a comparatively 
easy step. It involves no sudden departure from the ordinary rules of business, and it 
ofiers to the merchants a guarantee that their clothing will be made under clean and 
healthy conditions, and in proper places. It would reach the end intended. We would 
have no difficulty in locating those shops. It would improve the conditions of this class 
of our community, and the security and safety of the public health. 

27 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No. SO). A.. 1899 



Over-Time. 

I wish to draw attention again to the subject of over-time. The experience of 
the p£st year has strengthened my opinion that over-time after sixty hours per week 
is injurious to the health of young girls and women employed in the factory or work- 
shop, and that its abolition would be universally welcomed by working girls them- 
selves — especially those employed by dressmakers, milliners, and tailors, which of all the 
trades are perhaps the most subject to season pressure. There are employers who deny 
the advantage of the over-time exemption, who refuse to claim it, and who nevertheless 
successfully meet the competition of others in the same trade who declare it to be a 
necessity. Various employers have shown it to be possible to satisfy the demands of a 
thoughtless public, and at the same time to gu6rd the health of their employees, which 
should remove the seeming conflict of interest between the gratification of some few 
hundred of inconsiderate people on the one hand, and on the other hand the health of 
several thousand of women and girls ; and in these trades women seldom receive extra 
payment for over-time. It also means two hours at the end of the day for which 
usually no payment is given. But if employees are oflf through sickness that time is 
deducted, even if they have worked the full sixty hours. Then, there is the evil which 
arises from women employed in workshops taking work home after having worked the 
full time in the factory. This evasion of the law we can do nothing with. There should 
be some way of putting a stop to what would practically become a regular system of 
ovf r-time. 

Sahitary. 

The sanitary condition of our factories and workshops is a matter of great impor- 
tance, for on it depends to a great extent the health, well-being, and energy, of the 
operators. The sanitary conditions have been improving during the year. In all 
cases where better sanitary airangements were found necessary, notices were sent to 
employers, all of which have been complied with or are in the process of conttruction. 
The most of our manufacturing establishments are in a fairly good sanitaiy condition, 
although there is still room for further improvement. Some are not kept in that condi- 
tion of cleanliness which is conducive to health. It is true that the nature of some of 
the businesses is such that cleanliness is next to impossible, but most factories can be 
kept clean if there is an effort to do so. Some rooms in a building are found in an 
excellent condition, showing that operators employed there have a desire for cleanliness, 
while other rooms in the same building are in a neglected, dirty condition, for which 
there is no reasonable excuse. It is true that dirt is a necessity of many occupations. 
It is also true that it is often easily removed, and that by having this done the workers 
would gain in health and self-respect. I find that where proper sanitary conditions are 
wanting, it is mostly the fault of the operators themselves, who are careless and untidy. 
Sometimes, I find the employers ready to give up in despair all effort to have order and. 
cleanliness. Employees often mis-use the best provisions made for their comfort and 
welfare. They destroy ruthlessly the most expensive plumbing, and litter and soil rooms 
uselessly. On the other hand there are places where women of refined habits, and high 
sense of order, carry those qualities into their working surroundings. 

It has been especially gratifying to find so many forewomen in workshops with high 
ideals of good work, good order, and good conduct. 

1 notice that in almost every instance when a new building is constructed, or old 
buildings being repaired for mercantile or manufacturing purposes, an effort is made 
to comply with sanitary and other regulations of the law. 

Ventilation. 

To reduce the causes of impure air, if they cannot be wholly removed, is the aim 
of those who have studied the question. The rooms of our large factories, generally 
speaking, are clean, well ventilated, well lighted. Manufacturers are aware that men 
and women can do more work in pure air than in foul. It has been well said that 

28 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No. 30). A. 1899 



no man can do his best unless he is physically comfortable. Excessive heat or cold, 
poor light, and, more than all, bad air, are positive hindrances to good work. That foul 
air and unclean surroundings are injurious to health, are facts to the common mind. 
To induce an amount of air to enter a room it is necessary to make room for it. This 
necessitates the removal of an equal amount of foul air. Whatever differences of 
opinion may exist as to the merits of the many systems for the ventilation of factories, 
it must be admitted that the system that can furnish and remove under perfect control a 
sutficient amount of air to supply fresh air, and remove foul air with regularity, inde- 
pendent of weather, summer and winter alike, should be the system to be adopted. It 
has been proved that the foul air of a room should be removed by outlets as near as 
possible to the place where it is produced. 

I may s*y here that in many cases the means used for heating workrooms is a matter 
upon which I have often had occasion to feel dissatisfied. No heating of a room can be 
said to be made complete unless provision has been made for supplying it with pure air, 
I have gone through some of these workrooms and found doors and windows closed until 
the atmosphere becomes warm by the breath and bodies of the workers. I have found 
capes and coats worn by the employees until the room has become sufficiently aired, as they 
term it. If you look around those rooms you will find pieces of paper or raga stopping: 
every ingress of air, aad you rather sympathize with the workers who thus stop out the cold 
air. • I wish I could enlarge the views of some of the employers on the subject of ventila- 
tion. I otten find insuthcent ventilation resulting from inefficient means of heating. 
This is a very difficult matter, more espacially in small workshops or rooms in houses 
used as workshops. 

Machinery. 

I am pleased to note the fact that there has been a steady decrease in the number 
and severity of accidents to women and girls from machinery. No doubt there will 
always be accidents as long as machinery is used. No system of safeguards can be 
devised that will insure safety to the operators who are heedless, careless, or wilfully 
negligent in the presence of moviug machinery. All operators should feel a sense of 
personal responsibility for their own safety, and in no other way can it be secured. The 
dangerous practice, which many young girls indu ge in, of wearing flowing hair, or long 
braids, I have tried hard to overcome, but not always with success. 

Seats for Women. 

Regarding the law requiring that employers of females shall provide seats for their 
use, I have given a good deal of attention to this matter, and find very few mercantile 
establishments violating this section of the law. I notified the firms, and they immedia- 
tely complied with the law ; whether the employees are allowed to use their seats is 
another question. While I have received statements from others than employees 
themselves, I have not found an employee who would say that she was deprived of the 
use of the seat at such umes as she could consistently use it. Usually, I find employ- 
ers more than willing to provide all needful accommodation. Now and then there is 
an inconsiderate employer. Oue of these exceptional men declared he would dismiss 
all the women he employed rather than put in seats ; that he had work enough to keep 
them busy without leaving them any time for sitting ; that there was no room for seats 
behind the counter, and that his girls did not want seats. To all of these objections, but 
one reply was made, — the law required it, and as long as he continued to employ women 
he must provide seats. In two weeks the law was complied with. 

The saleswomen in the dry goods store in this respect are perhaps more unfortunate 
than females in the factory or workshop, for the spinner can seek a few moments' rest on 
the window sill or on the empty bobbin box, but the girl behind the counter must remain 
upright and alert, and must likewise keep her discomfort from betraying itself in her 

29 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 30). 



A. 1899 



face. The necessity of making such provision for females has led to the invention of 
adjustable seats which can be placed in narrow spaces, which is an improvement on 
formpr seats. 

There are some things in the very small places that I fiod it is not always wise to 
press too hardly, for where the number of females is smal], and where no considerable 
inconvenience is likely to arise, as it would mean the discharge of the females by the 
employers rather than that they should be put to any great expense or trouble. How- 
ever, I have secured some valuable alterations and additions, both in respect to sanitary 
arrangements and other matters. 

Women's Work. 

The question has often been asked : " In what occupations are women employed ?" 

Work of woman is divided among a large and ever-increasing number of occupations. 
Indeed so generally are women scattered in greater or less proportion throughout the 
different trades, professions and other pursuits, that it is easier to reckon those occupa- 
tions in which no women are found than to number those in vt-hich their labor is 
availed of. I find them in the following manufacturing establishments : 



Bed springs. 

Baking powder and yeast, 

Barb wire. 

Bird cage, 

Biscuit, ' 

Blankets, 

Bolts and nuts, 

Book binding, 

Boots and shoes, 

Boot laces. 

Baskets, 

Brooms, 

Brushes, 

Buttons, 

Artificial Howers and feathers, 

Canned goods, 

Carpets, 

Carriages, 

Chenille, 

Chemical works. 

Cider, 

Chewing gum. 

Chains, 

Cigars, 

Clothing, 

Coffin, 

Confectionery, 

Corks, 

Corsets, 

Cotton, 

Dress steels, 

Dye work*. 

Electric machinery, 



Electrotype, 
Envelopes, 
Felt factories, 
File Works, 
Flax mills. 
Fire works. 
Fishing tackle, 
I Fringe and tassels, 
Furniture, 
Furriers, 
Gloves, 
Haircloth, 
Hair works. 
Hats and cajis, 
Hinge factories, 
Horn comb. 
Hosiery, 

Jams, jellies, pickles, 
Jewellry, 
Knitting, 
Laundries, 
Lye works, 

Linen, cotton, jute bags, 
Lithographers' works. 
Machine screw works, 
Matches, 
Matting, 
Mattress, 
Macaroni, 
Nails, 
Neckties, 
Oilcloth, 
Paper bags, boxes, 



Patent medicines, 

Pins. 

Pluf-h, 

Perfume, 

Printing, 

Rag sorting, 

Rattan goods, 

Rope, 

Rubber, 

Saddlery, 

Salt, 

Shirt, 

Shoddy, 

Sauces, 

Soap, 

Spring beds. 

Spice and coffee mills, 

Starch, 

Straw works. 

Suspenders, 

Tin stamping. 

Bicycle tires. 

Tents, awnings. 

Tobacco factories. 

Trunk factories, 

Type foundries. 

Vinegar works. 

Wall paper; 

Watch cases. 

Wine bottling. 

Whip factories. 

Window shades. 

Woollen factories. 



Notwithstandicg the great number of females now employed, it is doubtful whether 
in reality the factory system has materially changed the importaace of women's work. 
Within the past generation, however, inventions have made machinery almost human, 
needing directions only, and little manual strength. This has opened up new and wide 
fields of labor for women. In many cases it has made it preferable to male labor in the 
production of many articles. Meanwhile it has lessened the field of what was formerly 
regarded as exclusively women's work. They do not spin, or make shirts, or stockings, or 
other articles of wearing apparel. Those articles are no'y factory products, and the family 
can buy them cheaper than they could be made at home. The daughters of the house no 
longer find employment in their homes. The factory offers inducements. This is not so 
much a matter of choice as of necessity, growing out of the displacement of hand work by 
machinery. She is now, in a great variety of industries, an active competitor with man. 
In some lines of manufacture the females outnumber the male workers. What the ulti- 
mate effect is to be is a query. 

30 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No. 30). A. 1899 



The adverse side of the question is the fact that in the fields of labor which women 
h&ve entered the tendency is toward lowering the wages of men. It would seem that the 
remedy lies in the equalization of the compensation of both sexes for like work. ' 

In almost every industry the working day is ten hours. The system of piece- work 
is becoming more generally adopted. The small pay given by the hundred or thousand, 
according to the different industries, stimulates the eagerness of the workers to the highest 
possible pitch. I have seen girls working so rapidly that I was very painfully impressed, 
and I have asked myself the question, how long their nervous systems could resist the 
strain of the excessive fatigue resulting therefrom. A shorter working day for this class 
of operatives seems an imperative necessity. 

I have tried to keep a copy of Abstract po3ced in every factory, workshop and manu- 
facturing establishment where persons are employed who are affected by the provisions 
of the Act. 

In closing I would say, the Inspectors' work is never done, changes are always going 
on in factories, and the Inspectors seldom call but they find something to be remedied^ 
the reason for which is not far to seek. The sharp competition in trade compels the 
manufacturers to add improved appliances in order to keep up with the times. 

I have the honor to be, 

Yours respectfully, 

MARGARET CARLYLE, 

Inspector. 



31 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 30). 



A. 1899 






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38 



APPENDIX I. 



EXTRACT FROM THE REPORT OF THE OOMMCTTEE APPOINTED TO 
INQUIRE INTO CERTAIN DANGEROUS TRADES. 

[BRITISH HOUSE OF COMMONS.] 



ELECTRICAL GEJ^ERATING WORKS. 

General Remarks. 

6. Electrical generating stations may be conveniently divided into three classes, 
those which supply current (a) at low pressure, (h) at high pressure, and (c) at extra high 
pressure : — 

(a) Currents at low pressure distributed from generating stations are invariably 
direct, i.e., they flow in one direction only. 

{b) Currents at high pressure are either direct or alternating. Alternating currents 
change their direction a great number of times in a second. A hundred 
complete alternations a second is very usual. 

(c) At present there is in Great Britain only one station at extra high pressure and 
this supplies alternating currents, but either direct or alternating current 
might be produced at extra high pressure. 

7. When the current is direct and of low pressure, the cables from the generating 
station have to carry the whole current which pisses through the houses, and in order 
that the resistance of the passage of so great a current may not be serious, very large 
cables, involving the use of a large quantity of copper, are essential. In scattered dis- 
tricts, especially, the amount of copper necessary would be so great that electric supply 
under this system could hardly be carried on economically. 

8. A method of enabling consumers to be supplied with current greater than that 
passing through the mains which leave the generating stations is provided where high 
pressure currents, whether direct or alternating, are employed ; thus the essential advant- 
age of high pressure systems, viz., the reduction of the amount of copper in the mains, is 
attained. This is effected by means of motor generators or of transformers, which are appli- 
ances for converting a small current at high pressure lo a large current at low pressure, 
or vice vers6. According to the proportions of the two sets of windings upon them, the 
current in the consumers' circuit, which it may be stated is not metallically connected 
with the high pressure mains, is caused to have any desired relation to that passing 
through the mains. Where, as is usual, the current on the consumers' circuit is ten or 
twenty times as great as that conducted by the high pressure mains, the pressure at which 
it flows is in the same proportion less, and thus it is that, while 100 or 200 volts con- 
veyed into a house is safe, so far as accidental contacts are concerned, a dangerous high 
pressure is necessary in the mains and generating stations. 

[39] 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No. 30). A. 1899 



Expressing the same thing somewhat differently, the generating stations have to 
supply the consumer with elecirical power ; this is measured any where on the route by 
the product of the current and the electric pressure.* The power in the mains is a certain 
product made up of a high pressure and a small current, whereas on the consumers' or 
low pressure, side the same power (neglecting the small loss in the motor generator or 
transformer) is made up of a greater current and a low pressure. Thus the consumer is 
supplied with electrical power at a safe pressure, while the producer can transfer it from 
the station by a comparatively thin cable, because a small current only is necessary if the 
pressure is high, and the losses in the cable depend upon the current, and not upon the 
electrical power supplied. 

9. Owing to the fact that in this country there is only station on this system, the 
Committee do not feel that any generalization could safely or fairly be deduced from a 
single example; and beyond stating that the danger of 10,000 volts is out of all propor- 
tion greater than that of five times 2,000 volts, they do not propose at present to deal 
with this branch of the subject. But they understand that projects are on foot for 
employing 10,000 volts, or some other number constituting extra high pressure, in con- 
nection with electric railways. When these schemes have assumed more definite shape 
the Committee feel that Special Rule.s will have to be drafted and issued for the protec- 
tion of the work-people employed. 

The Process. 

10. The primary source of power in this country is almost invariably the combustion 
of coal, oil or gas, which is conver-jed into mechanical power by steam, oil, or gas engines. 
Any of these may be employed to drive machines which are known as dynamos, and 
which convert the mechanical into electrical power. The electric current is directed into 
the proper channels at the switchboard, and conveyed along the conducting cables or 
mains into the district served by the generating station. 

11. There are many forms of dynamo, but in every case there must be a field-magnet 
and an armature, either of which is made to revolve. In consequence of the rotation of 
one or other, currents are induced in the armature. If the armature is stationary these 
may be led away by cables directly connected to the terminals of the armature. In this 
■case the current is necessarily alternating. If, on the other hand, it is the armature 
which revolves, direct connection between the armature terminals and the cables is impos- 
sible. For this reason sliding contact between fixed collectors or brushes and conducting 
rings or commutator strips upon the shaft of the armature is required to convey the cur- 
rent to the cables. Where conducting rings are used the current is necessarily alternat- 
ing ; but where the direct current is intended the cum mutator strips are employed. 

12. The switchboard is a structure which enables the electrician in charge to make 
any of the changes in the electrical connections between the dynamos, cables, fuses, and 
measuring instruments, which the ordinary working of the station may require. 

13. Gables of various forms and make are employed to conduit the electric curreat 
from the generating stations to all parts of the district served. In those cases where the 
cable is conducting at low pressure, as in low pressure systems, and in the low pressure 
branches of high pressure systems, no danger is to be expected ; to these cables, therefore, 
no farther reference need be made. 

High pressure cables generally consist of stranded copper wire. When they are to 
be laid underground, this is invariably coated with insulating material. The two conduc- 
tors necessary for the passage of the current from and to the station may consist of two 
distinct insulated cables, but what are known as concentric mains enable a single cable to 
serve the double purpose. Conductors which are fixed overhead, and which are usually 
known as aerial cables, are often bate over their entire length, This is more likely to be 
the case within the curtilage of a factory, where the Board of Trade rules do not apply. 

♦ All reference to the intricacies of phase difiFerence in the alternating system is purposely avoided. 

40 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No. 30). A. 1899 



14. The motor generators or transformers, the purpose of which has been indicated 
above (para. 8), are placed in " substations." These may be rooms cf considerable size ; 
•chambers in which there is space, for one or two people in addition to the transformers, 
or mere boxes practically filled by the transformer. Transformers are sometimes placed 
in cellars or other parts of the consumers' premises. 

The motor generator is a combination of motor driven by the energy of the current 
in the high pressure mains and a dynamo generating the low pressure current of the local 
circuit. If the current is alternating, branches from the mains are connected to the 
primaries of transformers which supply the local circuits. In both cases fuses are inserted 
in the circuits in various places proportioned to the heaviest current that can properly 
be allowed to pass, so that if by accident an excessive current should arise, the fuse will 
melt and disconnect the circuit. 

15. In addition to the ordinary transformer and motor generator, already referred to, 
there are contrivances of many different kinds known as '* rotary converters," ** boosters," 
etc., by means of which a current may be converted from direct to alternating, or the 
reverse, or may have its pressure altered or adjusted in any direction. 

16. Either alternating or direct currents are supplied from generating stations to 
private consumers for domestic and general use. For arc lighting also, and for driving 
motors, either a direct or alternating current may be employed. The same is true where 
the current is used for electric heating, electric welding, and electric furnaces. 

For charging secondary batteries, however, and for various electrolytic manufactur- 
ing operations, direct currents are used, and ordinarily at low pressure. 

The Dangers of Wobking. 

17. The dangers inherent in steam and other motive machinery, being well known 
and provided against by the general law relating to factories, do not require consideration 
in this report. 

18. In the handling and preparing of plates for storage batteries, risks of lead poi- 
soning exist ; but the workers are already protected by the special rules framed for 
*• Electric Accumulator Works ; " beyond this no special dangers to health have been 
noticed. There is, however, a risk in the use of these accumulators in consequence of 
the evolution of an explosive mixture of gases when the plates are overcharged. Where 
the ventilation is very imperfect, a quantity of gas may accumulate sufficient to take fire 
or explode on contact with a spark or flame. 

19. The danger peculiar to electrical generating works is the liability to shock, 
■which is often fatal if, by accident, anyone comes into contact with the conductors when 
oharged to a high pressure. The contact need neither be very perfect nor direct ; provided 
two parts of the body are made to touch conducting materials which themselves differ in 
pressure by 1,000 volts or more, or even by much less if the contact with the flesh is very 
good, a dangerous and possibly tatal shock will result. The ground, especially if damp, 
is sufficient for one of the contacts, damp leather boots affording no protection, so that 
anyone standing on the ground or on metallic or damp wood flooring cannot safely touch 
a single object charged to a dangerous pressure. If, however, he should be standing upon 
a dry indiarubber mat, which is an excellent non-conductor, he will come to no harm on 
touching any number of dangerously charged bodies which are at the same electrical 
pressure ; but if he should simultaneously touch, even through his clothes, two bodies 
which diff'er from one another in pressure by about 1,000 volts, the actual amount depend- 
ing largely on the perfection of the contact, or if, while safely touching highly charged 
metal, he should touch or pass by hand any conducting article to someone else who is not 
also insulated, then a fatal shock may follow, 

20. The metal which is highly charged and which would be liable to be touched, if 
not properly protected, is to be found in the dynamo machines, the switchboard and its 
metal connections, the high pressure mains, and the tranformers, and, in the case of series 
arc lighting, in the lamps themselves. 

41 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No. 30). A. 1899 



21. In alternate current dynamos with fixed armature and rotating field magnet, 
the terminals of the machine to -which the cables are connected are the only parts which 
could well be left exposed, and these are so easily boxed in that the most negligent user 
would hardly leave them unprotected. On the other hand, whep the field-magnet is fixed 
and the armature revolves, there are on the shaft two contact rings which form the 
terminals of the armature, and the terminals of the machine are connected with these by 
two brushes. In this case the terminals of the machine can just as readily be protected 
as in the last, but there are in addition the contact rings and brushes. These may 
require attention either at starting or during the running of the machine, or they may be 
a source of danger if the attendant, in oiling with a metal can or working with ordinary 
tools, brings any of triese accidentally in contact with the highly charged metal. 

In the case of direct current dynamos, the commutator and brushes take the part of 
the contact rings and brushes in the alternature with moving armature, and what has 
been said before applies equally to both. 

22. The switchboard should be easily and quickly accessible on the front, where all 
the ordinary operations of connecting and disconnecting the various dynamo machines and 
cables are efiected. The back should be inaccessible, except to those skilled persons 
who have the right and means of entry. Here each cable end and conductor from the 
dynamos is connected to its appropriate block of metal. These blocks are generally 
exposed for convenience of repair and alteration. None of the every-day work of the 
switchboard is carried out here, so that the risk of accident can only exist when altera- 
tions are being carried out within reach of highly charged metal. 

There is no necessity for any metal directly connected with the high pressure mains 
or dynamos to be exposed on the front or working face of the switchboard to accidental 
contact. 

23. High pressure main conductors may be erected as overhead wires, but are almost 
universally laid underground. 

Bare overhead high pressure conductors may lead to accident in case of breakage or 
by swinging into contact with buildings, etc., under the action of the wind, or by earth- 
ing at the points of support in consequence of damage to the insulators ; or they may 
become sources of danger to persons who unintentionally put themselves in contact with 
them by a ladder or other means. High pressure overhead wires, even if insulated over 
their entire length, can never be considered as entirely free from risk. 

In underground cables the insulation which is employed to prevent loss of current will, 
when it is perfect, i.e , undamaged, amply protect anyone touching it from any dangerous 
pressure from the metal within, but an injury which would not be sufficient to be detected 
in ordinary working might nevertheless allow of the escape of sufficient current to pro- 
duce iretantaneous death. As the cables are liable to injury when being drawn in, work- 
men who handle mains charged to high pressure with their bare hands may be injured or 
killed. 

Concentric mains are often employed with a central high pressure wire or cable, and 
a a external group of wires insulated from the central cable. The outer wires are in gen- 
eral insulated again, and the whole is often enclosed in a lead tube. If the outer con- 
ductor is efficiently connected with earth at the generating works, no part of it will attain 
a dangerous pressure, and the risk of handling such a cable is greatly reduced. 

24. Transformers and the metal cases in which they may be enclosed, if not 
efficiently connected to earth, are a source of danger in the event of " running to frame," 
or of any deficiency in the insulation of the high-pressure wire or cable. If there is any 
moderate insulation leakage the earth-connected case cannot become charged ; or if the 
insulation fail, and the high-pressure main becomes connected with the casing, the extra 
strong current resulting will blow the fuse in the transformer or its chamber, or at the 
central station, and disconnect the faulty part from the circuit. So long as no highly- 
charged metal is exposed, and the conditions indicated are correctly fulfilled, it would 
appear almost impossible for accidents to occur to men at work outside the transformer 
casing. 

42 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No. 30). A. 1899 



25. By efficient earthing is meant metallic connection to some good conductor which 
is in contact with damp soil over a considerable area An earth cannot be considered 
efficient unless, under all weather conditions, in case of accidental contact with metal 
charged to high pressure, it will secure the passage of a current sufficient to blow the 
fuse employed for the protection of that metal. The best earth often available is the 
system of cast-iron pipes, through which the cables pass, provided all the joints are 
metallic. A mere bolt or rod in brickwork, concrete, or in the ground, especially when 
that is liable to become dry, would bo useless as an efficient earth in the case of metallic 
conneccion with high-pressure supply ; but it might be sufficient to discharge the very 
small leakage that would occur with sound and, ordinarily speaking, perfect insulation. 
Transformers become warm in working, and thus the chambers, especially if well venti- 
lated, are apt to become very dry. 

26. Arc lights, when supplied with current from a central station, are usually 
arranged in series, i.e., the same current is sent through a number of lamps. As an arc 
lamp requires an electrical pressure of from 40 to 50 volts, dangerous pressure becomes 
necessary when several lamps are arranged in series, for the electrical pressure is the 
sum of the electrical pressures of all the lamps separately. A workman who is himself 
insulated cannot obtain a serious shock by handling even the two terminals of any single 
arc light, but if he is not insulated, and he touches any charged part of an arc light, a 
current may pass through his body ; this may or may not be dangerous in itself, but, in 
consequence of the fact that these lamps can in many cases only be reached by means of 
a ladder, a shock, harmless in itself, may cause a man to lose his hold and be seriously 
injured. If the whole electrical system is perfectly insulated, the shock depends upon the 
accidental pressure of the particular lamp toucheu ; if, however, the insulation of the 
system, at any part which differs greatly in pressure from the lamp touched, be defective, 
then a dangerous shock is certain to follow. 

27. As illustrating the dangers incidental to the use of electricity it has been stated 
that in addition to minor accidents, of which we hear little or nothing, 14 death? have 
been reported since 1892. The effects of the passage of an electric current through the 
human body are extremely uncertain and variable. Whilst the pressure required to 
cause death has in Acneric^ been fix d at 1,500 volts, it is clear from the evidence laid 
before the Committee that a smaller pressure may prove fatal, provided circumstances are 
favorable to the passage of the current through the body. People are known to have 
been accidentally brought into contact with higher pressures than 1,500 volts without 
any serious consequences following. These cases illustrate the extreme uncertainty and 
variableness indicated above. If a person receives a powerful electric shock his muscles 
are thrown into such a state of tetanic rigidity that it is impossible for him to relax his 
grasp or extricate himself from his dangerous position. Such a shock may simply stun the 
person'who receives it, rendering him unconscious for a brief period ; it may, however, burn 
him, charring the surface of the body and inflicting deep wounds which heal with difficulty, 
or, as is usual where the pressure has been great and the conditions of resistance slight, it 
may cause sudden death. It is believed that strong electric currents may cause death in 
one of two ways (a) either by arresting the breathing, or {h) by suddenly stopping the 
heart. With the view of ascertaining the cause of death, and of devising and testing 
means for resuscitation. Dr. Oliver undertook a series of experiments upon animals, most 
of them under the inflaence of an aesthetic. Although in nearly all instances death was 
due to arrest of the heart's action, it is impossible to say upon which organ the current 
primarily exerted its harmful iniluence. lu attempting to resuscitate them, the one 
method which above all others gave the most satisfactory results was artififial respiration. 
By this means some of the animals recovered even though the heart had ceased beating 
for a period, in one instance for as long as 13 minutes. Artificial respiration, therefore, 
should in all cases of apparent death from electric shock be resorted to at once, and persis^f d 
in for a considerable time, for recovery is known to have taken place where it has been 
practised for fully half an hour. Since this is the best treatment at our command, and 
every minute passed after finding a body in a perilous position without any attempt at 
restoration diminishes the chance of recovery, it is desirable not only that workers in 

43 



62 Victoria Sessional Papers (No. 30). A. 1899 



electrical generating and distributing stations should be made thoroughly cognizant of 
the dangers incidental to their calling, but should receive practical instruction in methods 
of treating suspended animation. 

The rules subjoined (see page 46), furnished by the Editors of the " Electrical 
Review," supply the required information. The Committee desire to express to the 
editors the gratitude which they feel for this courtesy and for other assistance. 

Recommendations. 

28. For the purposes of these regulations a station where the direct current generated 
is at 700 volts or any high number, or where the alternating current generated is at 350 
volts or any higher number, shall be considered a " high pressure station," and all metal 
conductors, whether they be on the dynamos, the switchboard, the mains, or any other 
part of the station carrying a current at a pressure equal to or greater than that above- 
mentioned shall be deemed to be at " high pressure." 

The Committee recommend that the following regulations should be applied in all 
those cases mentioned in paragraph 1 where electricity at high pressure is in use. It is 
not intended that they should be applied to low pressure systems. 

(i) The frames and bed-plates of all generating machines shall be efficiently con- 
nected to earth. 

(ii) The rails fencing dynamos, or other generating machines, shall be made of wood 
or other non conducting material. 

(iii.) All terminals, collecting brushes, main connectors, parts of dynamos, motors or 
other appliances, to which neither Regulation No. (vi.) nor No. (vii.) applies, shall be so 
placed, covered or fenced with non-conducting materials, that no person can touch acci- 
dentally, either with his body, clothing, or any conducting tool, two parts differing from 
each other by an amount which constitutes a high pressure. This rule is to be read in 
connection with No. (iv). 

(iv.) The floors of all places where it would be possible to make connection with 
metal at high pressure shall be covered with an insulating mat of suitable material and 
kept in a state of efficient insulation. 

(v.) The material used for wiping or cleaning the commutator strips or collector 
rings of dynamos, motors or rotary converters of any form shall be applied by means of 
an insulating handle. 

(vi.) In switchrooms and on the front of switchboards, the main switches, main 
fuses, main terminals, ominbus bars, and all other metallic parts shall be insulated or 
arranged in such manner as to render it impossible for any person by accident or inad- 
vertence to touch them. 

(vii.) The backs of all switchboards shall be kept closed, except for the purpose of 
alterations or repairs. When such work has to be carried on either at the back or at the 
front of switchboards, the following regulations shall apply : — 

a. No person except a skilled electrician, or a workman under his personal and 

immediate supervision, shall be employed when any part is at high pressure. 

b. No extensive or serious repairs shall be executed upon metal which is at high 

pressure. 

c. Where the alterations or repairs are not of an extensive or serious character all 

metallic parts at high pressure shall be covered with an insulating cap or pro- 
tected by some form of insulating covering, only one part, or sever*! at the same 
pressure, to be exposed at any one time. 

(viii.) All switchboards erected after the application of these Rules shall have, at 
the back, a clear space of at least four feet. This space shall not be utilised as a store 
room or lumber room, or be obstructed in any manner. 

44 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No. 30). A. 1899 



(ix.) Any person at work upon a cable or portion of the mains under high pressure 
shall wear indiarubber gloves on both hands. 

(x.) All aerial high pressure conductors in factories or workshops shall either be 
insulated over their entire length, and supported at such frequent intervale, that, in the 
event of breakage, they shall not come within reach at places where persons are liable to 
pass or to be employed, or shall be so placed and arranged as to comply with the require- 
ments relating to such wires in streets enjoined by the Board of Trade 

(xi,) The gloves shall be supplied by the occupier, and it shall be the duty of the 
manager to see that they are in a proper state of repair, and are worn by the work- 
people. 

(xii.) No examinations, repairs, or alterations necessitating the handling of mains, 
wire?, machines, or other apparatus, shf.ll be carried on except in cases of urgent necessity 
while such parts are under high pressure, and all such work shall be done under the 
personal supervision of an electrical engineer or competent manager or foreman. 

(xiii.) Where operations are being conducted upon mains from which the current has 
been cut off, the switch shall be locked and precautions taken that it shall not be 
unlocked except by the person in charge of the station on his being satisfied that the 
danger is at an end. 

(xiv.) Every vessel used for lubricating purposes shall be so constructed that it can- 
not act is a conductor between the hand and anything touched. 

(xv.) Metal transformer boxes shall be efficiently connected to earth, and so con- 
structed that in the event of " running to frame " the earth connection will not be broken 
by the removal of the fuse box or any other part of the box. 

(xvi.) Transformer cases, iron ladders, and all permanent metallic parts contained 
within the transformer chamber, and not forming part of the electric circuit, shall be 
metallica'ly connected together. 

(xvii.) All holes in transformer cases, through which high pressure conductors pass, 
shall be lined or bushed with suitable and effective non-conducting material. 

(xviii.) All high pressure connections within a transformer chamber shall be so pro- 
tected with insulating material that it shall be impossible to touch them. 

(xix.) Switches which can be conveniently operated from the outside for cutting off 
both the high and low pressure connections of the transformers shall be fitted in all trans- 
former chambers erected after the appliction of these Rules, and in all existing chambers, 
unless it is proved to the satisfaction of Her Majesty's Chief Inspector of Factories that 
such an ariaogement would be attended by special difficulty. 

(xx.) Each post or support where series arc lighting is employed shall be provided 
with means for completely disconnecting the arc lamps from the mains, without disturb- 
ing the action of the other lamps. 

(xxi.) All persons engaged in electrical works shall be made fully aware of the 
dangerous parts of the machinery, cabUs, and their connections, and shall be practically 
instructed in methods of artificial respiration — that known as Sylvester's is both simple 
and efficacious. Rules for artificial respiration, and for the restoration of persons appar- 
ently killed or injured, shall at all times be kept affixed in the station. All persons 
engaged in the works shall thoroughly understand these rules and be capable of putting 
them into practice. In the event of a person being rendered unconscious by an electric 
shock, artificial respiration shall, on the careful removal of the body from its electrical 
contact, be at once resorted to, and a qualified medical man immediately summoned. 

(xxii.) All accidents occurring in generating stations or transformer chambers shall 
be notified according to the provisions of section 18 of the Factory and Workshop Act 
1895. ^ 

29. The Committee feel that any set of Special Rules fi-amed for the safety of the 
workpeople in this industry must imperfectly realize their object if a specially qualified 
person be not retained to advise the Secretary of State or Her Majesty's Chief Inspector 
of Factories on matters requiring technical knowledge of electricity. 

45 



62 Vicloria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 30). 



A. 1899 



The " Elegtkical Review's" Suggestions for Dealing with Apparent Death 

, FROM Electric Shock. 

The following suggestions are based on the recommendations of Drs. D'Arsonval, 
Goelet, Hedley, and Lewis Jones for the treatment of persons apparently killed by 
electricity : — 

Apparent Death. In many cases where persons receive electric shocks, death is 
only apparent, and animation may be restored if efforts at resuscitation are not too long 
delayed. 

Method of Resuscitation. The method of resuscitation resorted to should be 
that known as artificial respiration. 

Efforts to induce respiration should not be relaxed until breathing is fully and nor- 
mally restored, or until it is absolutely certain that life is extinct. 




y//^^^ 



First Position. 

Danger of Seizing the Victim's Body. If the accident has been due to con- 
tact with a *' live" or faulty cable, the injured person may retain a grasp of it. When 
the injured person retains his hold of the cable it is dangerous to seiza any part of him, 
even the parts of the body covered by clothes 

Perspiration may make the clothes damp and render them good conductors, 
especially under the armpits, which would be the part most likely to be seized. 

In such a case the person who goes to the assistance of the victim should protect hk 
hands, whenever possible, with india rubber gloves. 

Where gloves are not available, a thick layer of dry rags might be used to cover the 
hands, or a coat or any other garment, if made into a thick pad, mighi be used when pull- 
ing the victim away from 'he cable or machinery. 

* To show the importance of following thin iDJuaction it is only necessary to mention an accident 
recorded in the " Electrical Review." While a man wa^ cleaning an electric street lamp, at Boston, he 
received a shock and was killed, his body beiner suspended from the wires. A man who endeavoured to 
remove the body came in contact with it, and was dashed to the ground with such violence that he died 
shortly afterwards. 

46 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 30). 



A. 1899 



Send fob a Medic a.l Man at Once. No time should be lost in sending for a 
qualified medical man, but in the meantime the following efforts should be made to 
restore animation. 

How TO Place the Body. The body should be at once placed upon the back 
and the clothes loosened. A roll made of a coat or anything else couvenient should then 
be placed under the shoulders. It should be sufficiently large to prop up the spine so that 
the head drops backward (see illustration). 

Position of the Operator. The operator should kneel behind the subject's 
head, in the manner shown in the illustratioQS. He should then gra?p the elbows and 
draw them well over the head, so as to bring them almost together above it, and hold 
them there for two or three seconds. Tnen he should carry them down to the sides and 
front of the chest, firmly compressing the chest by throwing his weight upon the arms. 

After two or three seconds the arms should be again carried above the head, and 
the operation repeated at the rate of about 16 times per minute. 




Second Position. 

Additional Means op Resuscitation. In addition to the foregoing, if there 
be an assistant at hand, the tongue should be seized by a cloth or handkerchief and drawn 
forcibly out daring the act of inspiration, i e , when the arms are extended above the head; 
when the arms are brought down, the tongue should be allowed to recede. This operation 
should be repeated with the same regularity as the movement of the arms. 

Stimulants to be Avoided. According to Dr. Hedley the efforts of the 
bystanders to pour stimulants down the throat of the victim should be resisted until a 
medical man arrives. 

Necessity of Deliberation. It should be borne in mind that to be successful 
the foregoing operations shoald be carried out deliberately and methodically. There 
should be no haste, but the operations should be executed vigorously. 

In many respects the treatment suggested above is similar to the method of treating 
apparent death by drowning. 

These illustrations were reproduced from the *' Electrical World" of New York. 

47 



APPENDIX II 



EXPLOSIONS CAUSED BY COMMONLY OCCURRING SUBSTANCES. 

By Charles E. Munroe. 

On the sixth of November last the country was startled by learning that an explosion 
nad occurred at the Oapitol ac Washington which had caused extensive damage to that 
magnificent and historic building, and which, with the ensuing fire, had destroyed some 
and jeopardized more, of the valuable archives with which the building was stored. 
Occurrences of this kind have long had a particular interest for me, and I have found 
them to recur with great frequency and to cause extensive damage and destruction not 
only to property but to person. Notwithstanding, therefore, that much that I have to 
say is well known, it appears to be not inopportune to address you on the subject of 
** Explosions Caused by Commonly Occurring Substances," omitting entirely from 
consideration the substances commonly known and used as explosives, and it is possible 
that this repetition may serve to some extent in preventing these accidents, by leadino to 
greater precautions being taken. 

From the observations on the phenomena accompanying the combustion of solids, it 
is well understood that the speed of the combustion is greatly accelerated by comminuting 
the combustible and mixing it intimately with the supporter of combustion, and it is also 
well recognized that many explosions are due solely to very rapid combustion ; yet it is 
only within comparatively recent times, and since manufacturing operations have come to 
be carried on upon a very considerable scale, that we have had it strongly demonstrated 
that ordinary combustible solids might, when finely divided and mixed with air, give 
rise, on ignition, to most violent and disastrous explosions, and it seems especially notable 
that the first well-demonstrated cases of this kind should have arisen from the apparently 
harmless operations attending the grinding of grain, ami the more particularly as flour is 
not looked upon as a very readily combustible substance when compared with other 
commonly used solids. 

Amocg the many instances of this kind which we have now on record we will cite 
that which occurred on the 9th of July, 1872, ^ when the inhabitants of Glasgow were 
i ^artled by the report of an explosion which was heard to a considerable distance, aud 
which was found to have occurred in some very extensive flour-mills, the front and back 
walls of which were blown out, while the interior was reduced to ruins, and speedily 
enveloped in flame which destroyed the remaining buildings. Several persons were 
killed, and a number of others were severely burned, or injured by the fall of masonry. 

On May 2, 1878, a similar disaster occurred in the enormous flour-mills in Minne- 
apolis, but in this case it was observed that the explosion which originated in the Wash- 
burn mill was communicated by flame successively to the Diamond mill and to the Hum- 
bolt mill. As a consequence of these explosions the walls of these mills, which were solid 
masonry, six feet thick at the base, were razad to the ground, sheets of corrugated iron 
roofing, two by six feet in area, were projected to a distance of more than two miles, a 
wooden buildiug fifty feet from the centre of the explosion was blown open, stout plate 
glass windows one-fourth of a mile away were torn out bodily, sash and all, and projected 

Note. — This valuable paper on e^cplosions is reprinted here by tbe kind permission of the author. Prof. 
Munroe is head of the Chemistry Department of the Columoiau University, Washington U. 0. and 
delivered this address in December, 1898, before the American Chemical Society, of which he was President. 
He has for many years been a recosfoizid author'ty on this subject. This address is reprinted from The 
Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. XXL, No. 4, April, 1899. It appeared also in Science March 
10, 1899. 

'Abel: Roy. Inst., March 12, 1875. 

[49] 
4 F. 



62 V^ictoria. Sessional Papers (No. 30). A. 1899 



into tte street, an immense volume of smoke and flame was projected to an estimated 
height of 600 to 800 feet, and finally persons by the edgs of the adjacent river observed 
a displacement of water, producing a wave estimated to be eighteen inches high, before 
they heard the report of the explosion. The concurrent, testimony of persona employed 
in the mills, and of the experts who were called proved ihe absence in each case of any of 
the so-called explosive sabfatances on the premist-s, and that the boilers had not burst, and 
from the facts brought out the origin was conclusively tract d to the striking of fire by a pair 
of millstones, through the stopping of the " feed," and the consequent friction of their 
bare surfaces against each other, with the result that the mixture oc air and tine flour- 
dust surrounding the millstones became ignited. 

This ignition alone would not suffice to develop any violent explosive effects ; for 
similar ignitions which hive been not infrequently observed in small mills, where they 
have been caused by the stones " striking tire " or by the incautious use of a burning 
lamp near the millstones, or the meal-spout attached to them, have not been attended by 
any serious results. But in an extensive mill, where many pairs of stones may be at 
■work at one time, each pair has a conduit attached, which leads to a common receptacle 
called an exbaust-box ; into this the mixture of air and verj fine flour-duot which 
surrounds the millblones, is drawn by means of an exhaust fan, which is .'•ometimes aided 
by a system of air-blowers. The fine flour is allowed to deposit partially in this chamber 
or exhaust-box, and the air then paiises into a second chamber, called a stive room, where 
a further quantity of dust is deposited. It follows that when the ruill is at work, these 
chambers and the channels are all filled wiih an inflammable mixture of the finest flour 
dust and air, and that the ignition of any portion of the intiammable mixture will result 
in the exceedingly rapid spread of the flame throughout the whole, and will thus develop 
an explosion. The violence of such explosions depends much upon the details of con- 
struction of the exhaust boxes and stive rooms, and upon the dimensions of the channels 
of communication ; it must obviously be regulated by the volume of the inflammable 
mixture through which the fire rapidly spreads, and upon the degree of confinement In 
the case of the catastrophe at Glasgow, the production of a blaze at a pair of millstones 
was observed to be followed by a crackling noise as the flame spread rapidly throogh the 
conduits leading to the exbaust-box upon Hn upper floor, and a load report from that 
direction was ala Oat immediately heard. Pjafessois Kankine and Macadam, who care- 
fully investigated the cause of this accident, report^ that other flour mill explosions, which 
they had inquired into, had been observed to have been attended by a similar succession 
of phenomena to those ro&iced upon this occasion. The bursting open of the exhaust-box 
by a similar though less violent explosion, attended by injury of workmen, the blowing 
out of windows and loosening of tiles, appears to have taken place on a previous occasion 
at these particular mills. In the last and most disastrous acciden.% however, the more 
violent explosion appears to have been followed by others, the flame having spread with 
great rapidity to distant parts of the mills through the many channels of communication 
in which the air was charged with intiammable dust, resulting from the cleansing and 
sifting operations carried on in different parts of the building, and rapidly diffused 
through the air by the shock and blast of the first explosion. 

In the experimental investigation of the Minneapolis explosion by Professor S. F. 
Peckham^ it was shown that compacted masses of flour which had become heated and 
charred, ignited readily and smouldered but were inflamed only with considerable 
difficulty, though the atmosphere of the conduit from the stones, through which a strong 
current of air is being coutinually drawn and which is tilled with a dense cloud of very 
fine particles of flour heated to a maximum temoerature of 140" F., could be inflamed 
with comparative ease. White-hot wires and glowing charcoal were incapable of producing 
this inflammation but only bunred the particles in actual contact with them, and the 
only means by which the mixture, in the best proportions, could be made to burn 
explosively was by contact with flame. 



1 Abel : Roy. Inet., March 12, 1875. 
» Am. J. Scu, 16, (3), 3U1-306 (1678). 



50 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No 30) A. 189» 



The danger in the piojess was found to arise from the friction of the stones, heating 
the last portion of the grist that remained between them to a temperature sufficient tt> 
char it, or to convert it into a substance resembling titider, which would readily ignite 
from a spark produced from the stones striking together. Although this burning mass 
could not inflame the dust-laden atmosphere, it did ignite wood, which a strong draught 
of air readily forced into a blaze. Under the conditions described, with a draught of air 
passing through the dry stones strong enough to convey the pellets of smouldering tinder 
into the wooden conductor, an explosion was a necesaary consequence. 

Knowing the chemical composition of Hour, we may calculate approximately the 
mechanical work which a given mass of flour can perform, and find that the contents of 
an ordinary eack, when mixed with 4,000 cubic feet of air, will generate force enough ta 
throw 2,500 ton mass to a height of 100 feet. ]f we now consider the many tons of flour 
there must have been in a mill such as the Washburn " A," where as much as 1,000 
pounds of dust per day were collected from a single pipe, we can readily comprehend how 
such great destruction could be wrought. 

It is to be regretted that the experts, who duly considered all the circumstances^ 
concluded that while by suitable precautions the frequency of these flour-mill explosions 
may be diminished, and the extent of the damage inflicted may be very much restricted, 
the nature of the operations ia such that these explosions cannot be altogether prevented. 

Since mixtures of v/heat dust with air have proved to be so explosive we should 
naturally expect that analogous solids would form similar explosive mixtures with air, 
and as a fact we have recorded explosions of oatmeal in the Oliver mill in Chicago, of 
starch in a New York candy factory,^ of rice in rice mills, of malt dust in breweries, of 
spice dust in spica mills, together with numerous instances of sawdust explosions, the 
more prominent being those which occurred in the Pullman car shops and at Geldowsky's 
furniture factory in Cambridge, Mass., still we would scarcely look for an explosion from 
such a cause in a soap factory. Yet a violent explosion occurred in 1890, in a Providence 
soap-works in which the finely powdered saponaceous substance known by the tradename 
of "soapine" was being prepared and the coroner held in his finding that the explosion 
through which such injury was inflicted was caused by the ignition of soapine dust. 
Experiments made in this connection showed that this substance will explode under 
certain conditions with more violence than flour, and apparently with the production of 
more heat. 

The most unusual case of dust explosions, however, with which we have met, was that 
of a finely powdered metallic zinc which occurred at the Bethlehem Zinc Works in 1854. 
At that time Ool. Wetherill devised a plan for utilizing the " blue powder " which is the 
finely divided metallic zinc that is deposited in the prolongation of the condenser by 
swedging the powder into blocks and piling these blocks one above another in a furnace 
where they were melted down and run into spelter. The workman in charge sought to 
facilitate the process by feeding the uncomprtsaed powder directly into the furnace, but 
on trying to do so an explosion followed the loading of the first shovelful and with such 
violence that the workman was blown from the top of the furnace, and the blade of the 
shovel was driven into the roof of the building. 

In pharmacy and the arts substances have been made either knowingly or accident- 
ally from mixtures of combustible substances and supporters of combustion which h ve 
given rise to accidents such as those from the parlor match and the chlorate troches, or 
from sodium peroxide and sodium bisulphite mixtures as in the Whitecross Street explo- 
sion,^ and the latter class of mixtures are to be particularly dreaded as the chemical action 
and subseqaent explosion may be incited not only by contact with fire but also by contact 
with water. Cavazzi* points out that mixtures of sodium nitrate and hypophosphite 

1 L. W. Peck: "Explosions from Combustile Dusts," Popular Science Monthly, 14, 159-166 (1878). 

2 U. S. Naval Institute, 11, 774 (1885), 

3 J. Soc. Chem. Ind., 13, 198-200 (1894). 
* Gas. chim ital. (1886). 

51 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No, 30). A. 1899 



detonate on heating, while Violette^ proposed to use a mixture of sodium nitrate and 
acetate as a substitute for gunpowder, and these are but a iew among the many explosive 
mixtures which may be compounded. 

Still another source of danger arises from the production and use in laboratories, and 
frequently in common life, of chemical substances which are explosive per se though not 
generally recognised as such, and we have records of accidents, among others from bleach- 
ing-powder,2 from erythrjl nitrate, which has lately come into use in the treatment of 
Angiua Pectoris, -^ from amLaoaiuoi nitrate,* and there are many others such as the 
organic nitrates,'' nitrosj compounds,^ diazo bodies," diaQQides,^ uydrozoic acid and its 
derivatives,^ hydroxylamine9,^o chlorates,!^ carbonyl compounds, 12 permanganates,^^ per- 
oxides, 1* chlorides,^"' and iodides.i^ occurring in th3 laboratories and used to a varying 
extent in the arts, that are so unstable as to give rise to serious accidents if incautiously 
handled. We may notice that so well known a compound as the cupric amonium nitrate, 
a body which is often formed in the course of analysis, was deemed by Nubel to possess 
such value as an explosive that he took out patents for its use in blasting. 

The liquid state conduces more particularly to accidents taking place, since bodies in 
this state are liable to escape from their receptacles and to be found in unexpected places. 
If combustible, when mingled with the atmosphere or when saturating oxidizing agents, 
they burn with extreme rapidity and produce very violent effects. When such liquids 
give ofi vapors at the ordinAry temperatures, or those prevailing during use, the danger is 
very materially increased as such vapors are more vagrant and, through diffusion, readily 
mingle with the atmosphere. These properties are especially characteristic of many of the 
products obtained from coal-tar and from petroleum ; bodies whose cheapness, abundance 
and special adaptability have led to their extended use for domestic heating and lighting, 
and for many purposes in the arts, but which have, because of this widespread use and in 
consequence of their possessing the properties named, been the cause of an enormous 
number of casualities. Dr. 0. F. Ohandler^^ showed that much of the danger attending 
the use of these oils in lamps could be avoided by the elimination of the parafias of low 
boiling-points, and though not the pioneer, yet largely through his activo efforts and the 
agitation which followed them, this principle has properly become widely embodied in 
legislation. This view as to the source of danger was confirmed by the experiments of 
Neybury and Cutter,!* v?ho found that all the parafias b.low nonane formed explosive 
mixtures with air at the ordinary temperatures, notwithstanding that the boiling-point of 
octane is 124"^ 0., and that the limit of a safe oil, as fixed by the " flashing test " defined 
by the New York State statutes, is reached only in decane. Ydtthis last-named compound 
formed a violently explosive mixture at the legal flashing temperature if bat a small 
quantity of the liquid was placed in the copper testing vessel, thus indicating that entire 

1 Berthelot ; Surla force de la poudre (3), 2, 315. 

2 Rept. H. M. Insp. Exp., p. 47 (1S97). 

3 Rep. H. M. Insp. Exp., p. 50 {1S9S). 

4 J. Chem. Soc, 683 (1882). 

5 Compt. rend., 109, 92-95 (1889). 

6 Compt. rend., 108, 857-859 (i559). 

7 Ann. Chem. (Leibig), 121, 257 {1S6U). 

8 J. prakc. Chem., 30, 27, 107. 

9 Ber. d. chem. Gez., 23. 3023 (25^0). 

10 Rec. d. trav, Ohim. Pays. Bus., 10, 101 (1891), aud J. Chem. Soc, 54, 425 (1888). 

11 Compt. rend., 105, 813 (1887). 

12 Ber. d. chem. Ges., 18, 1833 (18S-5). 

13 J. Chem. Soc., 54, 250 (18SS). 

14 Compt. rend., 106, 100 (ISSS). 

15 Bull. Soc. Chim, 50, 635-638. 

16 J. Chem. Soc, 5S, 766 (1889). 

17 "Petroleum as an Illuminat3r," Rept. N. Y. City Board of Health for 1870. 

18 Am. Chem. J., 10, 356-362 (1888). 

52 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No. 80). i\. 189i> 



safety is not assured in its use and that accidents might occur when it is used in lamias 
so constructed that the oil chamber becomes highly heated, Dewar ^ holds that the 
relative violatility of pretroleum oil is a subject which is not sufficiently known and 
appreciated. By comparing the loss of weight during twenty four hours of oils exposed 
in shallow vessels under similar conditions he found at 66° F., an American water-white 
oil of 106'^ flash point lost 20.4 ptr cent., an oil of 75^ fldsh point lost 27.4 per cent., and 
a Russian oil of 85° flash-point lost twenty-eight per cent. 

In observations that I have made it was very apparent that the form and material of 
the containing vessel are most important factors in these volatilization experiments, I 
have found for instance that a given volume of gasoline placed in an uncorktd vial 
and exposed to the ordinary atmospheric conditions of a laboratory required ten weeka 
for complete volatilization when the same volume of the same lot of gisoline placed in an 
evaporatiLg dish standing be&ide the bottle volatilized completely in eight hours. The 
rate of tvaporation of the various hydrocarbons under the same conditions has bcea 
studied by Boverton Redwood.'^ 

A menace in the use, storage, and transportation of these liquids rests in the 
rapidity with which their vapors diffuse through the air and form an explosive train, 
which, reaching out to a source of ignition, flashes back v ith exteme rapidity through the 
entire train and to its point of origin. Sir Frederick Abel cited an instance of this 
which' happened at the Royal OoUege of Chemist' y in 1847 when a glass vessel in which 
benzene was being converted into nitroboLzene broke and allowed the warm liquid to 
escape and flow over a large surface. Though the ap-irtment was thirty-eight feet long, 
thirty feet wide, and ten feet high, and the only ignited gas jet was at the end cf the 
room most remote from the glass vessel, yet in a very brief space of time after the vessel 
broke a sheet of flame flashed fiom the gap jet and travelled along the upper part of the 
room to the point where the fluid lay scattered. 

He also cites the explosion of betzoline at ihe mintral oil store in Exeter in 1882^. 
The storerooniS weie arched caves in the side of a bank facing a canal and separated from, 
it by a roadway about fifty feet wide. Ihere was a standing lule forbidding any light 
being taken to any of these storerooms when they contained petroleum spirit, but on the 
day in question it was desired to remove some of the benzoline in the early morning and 
the foreman visited the storerooms before daylight to make ready for the work. Forget- 
ful of the rule he carried a lighted lantern, which he placed on the ground some twenty- 
seven feet away from the cave, and was proceeding to open the door when he observed a 
strong odor of benzohne and almost immediately notici d a flash of flame proceed from the 
lantern to the store, and had barely time to turn to e&cape when an explosion took place 
which blew the doors and lantern across the canal and inflamed the spirits in the store- 
rooms. 

Of course the distance that these vapors will travel will be determined by the circam- 
stances of each individual case, but in the case of the fire at the L. & N. W. R. R. Co'a 
gas factory in February, 1897, through which the hydrocarbons in a cylinder that was 
being rolled across the yard about the works became ignited, the nearest source of ignition 
was found in the boiler fires, which were sixty feet away.* 

Conditions such as these are more likely still to obtain when these inflammable and 
volatile substances are stored in enclosed spaces, such as the hold of a vessel during 
transportation, and they have been the cause, under these conditions, of many fright- 
tnl accidents As an example of these we have the ca&e of the explosion on November 
21st, 1888, on the petroleum laden ketch "United," at Bristol, England, through which 
the docks were blown up, three men killed, and several injured, the glass in the windows 
shattered for a radius of upwards of 300 feet, and extensive damage done by fire. 

1 *Rept. H. M. Insp. Exp., 21, 55 (1897). 

* "Detection of Inflammable Gas and Vapor in the Air," Frank Clowes, p. 191 {1896), London. 

Roy. Inst, of Great Britain, March 13, 1885. 
4 Kept. H. M. Insp. Exp., 22, 57 (1898). 

53 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No. 30). A. 1899 



The accident was made the suViject of a special report by Col. V. D. Majendie,^ 
which contains the results of his investigation and the experiments by Dr. Dapie and Mr. 
Boverton Redwood, from which it appears that the material on the "United" was 
♦' deodorized naphtha," in forty-two gallon barrels ; that the average annual leakage on 
petroleum cil in barrels amounted, in 1874, to eight per cent., and on petroleum spirit to 
double this quantity, and that though theie has since been a great improvement in the 
treatment cf the barrels, it is still very large ; that one volume of the liquid gives 141 
volumes of vapor at ordinary temperature, having a specific gravity of 3.5 lo 3 8 ] that 
one volume of the liquid will render 16,000 volumes of air inflaoamable, 6000 most 
violently explosive, 5000 strongly explosive, and 3000 scarcely explosive but combustible. 
The naphtha vapor alone, or when mixed with air in the best proportions, was not ignited 
by a shower of sparks from flint and s eel, by a stream of sparks from fireworks of various 
kinds burning without ilame, by incandescent match endp, or by incandescent platinum 
heated by electricity to a red heat. Even red-hot coals held over and sometimes falling 
upon a small quantity of the spirit spilled on a wooden floor failed usually to ignite it, 
and the cause in those caseb in which ignition did lake place in these led-hot coal experi- 
ments was uncertain, as there was a fire burning in a near-by room. Ignition was, how- 
ever, certainly effected by the application of a flame or by contact with a platinum wire 
approaching incandescence. 

The " fireworks " test makes a striking lecture experiment, especially the one devised 
by Mr. Redwood with " vesuvians " or incandescent cigar lighters. For this puipose he 
attaches two, of the glowing variety, to a wire so that the tip of one will be in contact 
with the base of the head of the other. The latter is lighted and when it ceases to flame 
and only glows, the mass is thrust into the explosive mixture, where it remains, with the 
combustion progressing from tip to base and base to tip without other effect until, when 
flame bursts from the tip of the second vesuvian, the vaporous mixture surrounding it is 
ignited and an explosion ensues 

Ool. Majendie has properly called attention in this report to the fundamental distinc- 
tions between the danger arising in the transportation of a cargo of dynamite and one of 
petroleum spirits, since in the former case an explosion does not take place until fire is 
brought to the dynamite, while in the latter case the dangerous vapors will travel to a 
fire at a considerable distance and even through intervening bulkheads. 

For this reason mixed cargoes, of which volatile inflammable liquids and explosives 
constitute a part, are particularly dangerous, as was long since shown in the explosion of 
the canal boat "Tilbury" in Regent Park in 1874, having on board five tons of gun- 
powder and four barrels of benzoline, and also having a small fire burning in the aft«r 
cabin some thirty-five to forty feet from the forehold in which the petroleum was stored. 
Notwithstanding that the cargo was covered with tarpauliuF, and that there was an inter- 
vening bulkhead, the vapors reached tke fire and a most devastating explosion followed. 
The cargo was thus made up in spite of a similar disastrous experience from similar causes 
on the " Lottie Sleigh," at Liverpool, in 1864,* and neither of them have proved a sutfi- 
cient warning to altogether prevent subsequent reckless disregard of all dictates of com- 
mon prudence. 

Yet, because of these experiences, attempts have been made in some instances where 
small lots of spirit were taken by vessels, to avert disaster by carrying them as deck loads, 
but the experience on the " Sol way," which carried twenty-four barrels of this article on 
the main deck before the poop, shows that this docs not insure security, for, meeting with 
heavy weather, the casks broke adrift, their vapors reached the gallsy or cabin fires, and 
the vessel, with nineteen persons, was lost. 

Even where great precautions are taken to prevent accidents they not infrequently 
occur from inflammable substances being met with in unexpected places or being introduced 
surreptitiously in admixture with harmless bodies. Nowhere perhaps is more care taken 



^Eyre and Spottiswoode, London (1889) 30 pp. 
*Abel : Lo3. Cit. 



54 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (^o. 30). A. 1899 



in this respect than on passenger steamships, and in the naval service, yet eighteen years 
ago a series of accidents occurred on board English ships, the causes of which wap, for a 
time, veiled in mystery, and which, in the then existing state of feeling consequent on the 
dynamite outrages, aroused the gravest apprehensions. 

In Jane, 1880, a violent explosion took place, without any warning or apparent 
cause, in the forepeak of the Pacific Steam Navigation Go's steamer " Ooquimbo," shortly 
after her arrival at Valparaiso. Several plates were blown out of the bow and other 
structural damage was inflicted^ while the ship's carpenter, who was the only person who 
could have thrown any light on the cause of the accident, was killed. 

This explosion was followed on April ^Gtb, 1881, by a much more serious one on the 
man-of-war " Doterel," (while at anchor ofl Sandy Point in the Straits of Magellan) 
through which eight cJiicers and 135 men lost their lives and the vessel was destroyed. 
In May of the same year au explosion of a trifling character happened on H. M S. 
*• Oockatrice," in Sheerness Dockyard, while in November, one, which was sufficiently 
severe to kill two men, dangerously wound two more (one fatally), and injure six others, 
besides doing much damage to the ship, occurred on H. M. S. " Triumph," then ab 
Coqaimbo. 

The first suggestion as to the real cause of these accidents was obtained in the investi- 
gation of that on the " Cockatrice," when it was developed that, just previous to the 
explosion, a man went into the storeroom with a naked light which be held close to a 
small can, that was uncorked at the time, and which contained a preparation recently 
introduced into the naval service (as a " drier " for use with paint) under the name of 
" xerotine siccative," and that this largely consisted of a most volatile petroleum product. 
As it had been issued without knowledge of this fact, instructions were at once sent out 
by the Admiralty directing that it should be stored and treated with the same precau- 
tions as turpentine and other highly inflammable liquids or preparations; and these 
instructions had but recently reached the " Triumph " when the accident narrated hap- 
pened to her. Inquiry here developed the fact that the explosion originated in the paint 
room through bringing a lantern to a compartment in which a leaky can of the siccative 
had been stored, and following up this clue the explosions on the " Coquimbo " and 
" Doterel " were fully and definitely proved to have been due to the presence on board of 
this same substance, while experiments with the material showed that it was capable of 
producing all the destructive effects observed, except, perhaps, in the case of the " Doterel," 
where, from the two reports noted and the other resemblances to the Regent Park explo- 
sion, there was but little doubt that the powder magazine was also exploded. 

Such accidents were not, however, confined to British vessels, for on October, 31, 
1891, while the U. S. S. " Atlanta " was going to the rescue of the wrecked " Talla- 
poosa," an explosion occurred on the "Atlanta" which caused her immediate return to 
New York. I was at once ordered by the Secretary of the Navy to proceed to New York 
and investigate the accident. 

I learned that while the " Atlanta " was laboring in a heavy sea she sprung a leak 
through the hawse pipes and the forward collision compartment began to fill with water ; 
that a handy-billy was rigged to pump out the compartment ; that about midnight the 
suction-pipe became plugged, and that on lowering a common lantern into the compart- 
ment an explosion ensued severely injuring two men, slightly injuring four others, and 
bulging the steel collision bulkhead. I found that the collision compartment had been 
used as a storeroom for paints ; that among them were spar and damar varnishes and 
Japan dryer, each of which gave off inflammable vapors at ordinary temperatures ; that 
the packages were sealed in a very insecure manner : and that as this compartment filled 
and the vessel tossed, the cans were opened and their contents churned up so as to 
readily form explosive mixtures with the air. I learned further that on June 15th pre- 
vious a fire and explosion had taken place on board the U. S. S. " Philadelphia " in close 
proximity to her powder magazine, and that another had occurred on the TJ. S, S. " Ben- 
nington," all being evidently due to the same material. 

55 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No. 30). A. 1899 



But notwithstanding these vigorous lessons the tale continues, and on April 14, 
1896,1 a •' petroleum accident " occurred on board the Cunarder S. S. •' Servia" when a 
party of men were engaged in painting the inside of a water ballast tank. The tank, 
which is three feet six inches deep, was divided into sixteen compartments with eighteen 
inches aperture between each. The furthest compartment was being painted at the time, 
and it was necessary to crawl through fifteen of the small apertures to reach it. The 
paint used was styled patent \)itumaatic solution, and one of the survivors testified that 
it took him four or five minutes to reach the compartments, ten minutes to do the paint- 
ing, and four or five minutes to return, and that he rould not stoop down any longer as 
it made him dazed and queer in his head. All the witnesses testified that the use of the 
solution in confined spaces made them drunk and delirious if they remained any length of 
time at work. This is a well-known effect of the lighter petroleum?, and it is not sur- 
prising that the solution was found to consist of coal-tar dissolved in crude oil, having a 
flashing point of 45° F. Abel, and containing so much volatile matter that one gallon 
spread over a large surface would render forty-eight cubic feet of air inflammable 

Notwithstanding this the workmen went into this inner compartment, which was 
already partly covered with the freshly laid solution and containing a partly filled bucket 
of it, with a lighted candle. Some time having passed without hearing from him another 
workman went to his assistance and found the place on fire and the man burned and 
delirious. He was so delirious as to fight against coming out and it took an hour and a 
half with assistance to get him through the apertures and up the manhole, and he after- 
wards died in the hospital from the effects of the disaster. Even while writing this we 
learn from the local press that a fire preceded by an explosion, due to the use of bitumas- 
tic solution, occurred at the Central Market House, Washington, D.C., on November 16, 
1898. 

The notorious "Hair Dresserb' Accident" of June 26, 1897, through which Mrs. 
Samuelson was fatally irjureJ in London, by the ignition of a petroleu n hair- wash which 
was being used as a shampoo, illustrates anew the manifold uses to which these hydro- 
carbons are being put, and it brought out strongly the belief of competent authorities like 
Lord Kelvin that these substances could be ignited by frictional electricity, — a theory 
which had been offered before in explanation of accidents in which there was no other 
apparent source of ignition. 

The widespread distribution of these spirits in the hands of retailers, or as used for 
carburetters in isolated vapor lighting plants and as employed in the arts for solvents, 
cleansing agents, and for other purposes, has led to their accumulation, through leakage 
or by being discharged after use, in low places, such as cellars, cisterns, wells, sewers, 
and the bilges of ships, where they have remained, in seme instaDces for long periods of 
time, unknown and unnoticed, their origin being completely forgotten and untraceable, 
until, when, in the course of events, these out-of-theway places have been re-entered, 
these bodies have given rise to accidents. It is a wel!-known precaution of the past 
before entering a well or cave to test its atmosphere for carbon dioxide by means of a 
naked candle, but this very method of procedure has, since the introduction of petroleum^ 
been the cause of accidents, and to be assured of security we must now remove and test 
the air before entering. 

The extended consumption of naphtha for carburetting water-gas and the ease with 
which it is conveyed through pipes has resulted in the use of a system of pipa lines in 
our cities to carry the oil from the transportation lines or store tanks to the works. 
Such a line was laid in Rochester, New York, and on December 21, 1887, it gave rise to 
an explosion which killed three men, seriously injuring twenty, destroying three large 
flour-mills; tore up the streets for a considerable distance, and inflicted an estimated loss 
of $250,000. This pipe line, which was made of three inch wrought iron pipe, one and 
©ne-half miles in length, had been in successful use for six years, the spirits being pumped 
through it every two weeks in lots of from 12,000 to 15,000 gallons each. From the 
Appeal Book In re Ann Lee v. The Vacuum Oil Co., Rochester, 1889, we learn that the 

1 Rep. H. M. Insp. Exp., 21, (1897). 

56 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No. 30). A. 1899 



conveyance of the naphtha was complete on December 7 ; on December 8, the contractors 
constructing a sewer exprsed a section of the pipe line for several feet, and in blastiDg 
beneath it a piece of rock struck the pipe with sufficient force to bfnd it up nearly nine 
inches at the point struck and to separate it at a joint farther on underground and closely 
connected with a sewer ; that on the day fixed for the next delivery, December 21, the 
Oil Oompany, being unaware of the then existing conditions, pumped the full supply into 
the pipe, none of which reached the gas works, but on the contrary found its v^ay, by the 
broken joint, into the sewers and was thus distributed over the city ; that the pumping 
of the oil began at 12 15 p.m. ; the odor was noticfd shortly after 1 p.m. coming from a 
sewer at a point nearly a mile distant from the break ; the first explosion occurred at this 
point at 3.20 p m. and immediately extended westward back to the break and eastward 
to the outlet of the sewers, tossing up manhole plates, uplifting roadways and overturn- 
ing buildings ; that the explosive mixture was ignited by a fire under a steam boiler ; 
and that this vapor found its way from the sewer to the fire through an untrapped water- 
closet at a point where exhaust steam was being injected into the sewer. 

At the trial, Mr. F. L. King, p 173, stated that crude naphtha, flashing po'nt 
IS*' F., percolated through earth six times as fast as watrr at the same temperature, lis 
several experiments being n'ade with the temperatures varying for the liquids from 38^ F. 
to 60" F , and for the earths from 32° F. to GO'' F. Mr. George B. Selden, p. 178, found 
the mixture of naphtha and air in the best proportions to give, on explosion, a pressure 
of 140 pounds per pquare inch, while coal-gas and air in the best proportions gave 160 
pounds per square inch, and that the ignition- point of the naphtha mixture was 950° , 
while that of the coal-gas mixture was 800° 0. 

I have already referred to the means taken for insuring the ren-oval of the more 
volatile hydrocarbons from domestic kerosene, a subject which has been very exhaust- 
ively treated by Rud. "Weber ^ It has, however, been seriously stated that the lighter 
oils, such as benzoline or naphtha, might be rendered safe for use in lamps by adding 
alum, sal ammoniac, or camphor to them, and many innocent persons have suffered in 
consequence of their belief in the efficacy of these substances. Some years since^ I 
I tested the effect of these bodies by determining their solubility in benzoline ; the flash- 
ing-points of benzoline and commercial kerosene when treated with these bodies and when 
in their original state ; and also the readiness with wh'ch mixtures of the oils, in the two 
conditions, with air could be exploded. The results showed that alum and sal ammoniac 
were practically insoluble in the oils and produced no effect whatever upon them ; that 
the camphor was soluble, one gram of benzoline dissolving about one and five-tenths 
grams of camphor ; that an equal weight of camphor raised the flashing point of a kero- 
sene 12°; but on the other hand the vapor of this camphorated kerosene, when mixed 
with air, bad a lower point of ignition, and hence exploded with greater readiness than 
the original kerosene. 

What is true regarding the use, storage, and transportation of petroleum products 
holds for other easily volatile liquids. Prof. Thomas Graham in his report^ on the cause 
of the loss of the " Amazon" on January 4, 1852, pointed out clearly the danger in trans- 
porting turpentine, while the destruction of the " Livadia " of Liverpool, May 11, 1891, 
carrying a cargo of carbon disulphide, emphasizes the hazard attending this substance, for 
this heavy and very mobile liquid gives off quite rapidly, at ordinary temperatures, a 
vapor which is 2.64 times heavier than air, and which not only readily collects at the 
bottom of any space in which it is produced but flows in a stream like water. 

One of the more striking characteristics of the mixture which this vapor forms with 
air is its low point of ignition. The tiniest spark, a cinder after it has ceased to glow, or 
the striking together of two pieces of iron without sparking are suficient to determine its 
ignition. This property may be exhibited by plunging a glass rod heated to 23 1'' 0. 
(450" F.), (a temperature at which it can be touched with the bare hand), into the mixture. 

' Dinglers poly J., 241, 277 and 383 (1881). 

^ Proc. A. A. A. S , 33, 174 (1885). 

»" Spontaneous Combustions and Explosions Occurring in Coal Cargoes," Thomas Graham, p. 40 (1882). 

57 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No. 30). A. 1899 



The use of ether, alcohoi, acetone, and aldehyde with nitro-gljceriue and guncot 
ton for the manufacture of smokeless powders and of the esters of solvents for pyroxylin 
in the making of the varnishes that are largely used in household decorations, are some of 
the more modern forms of hazaid, while the explosions at the Hotel Endicott in New 
York, and at Newark, N. J., indicate what may be expected from the more extended use 
of liquified air and liquifif d acetylene. 

Although Dr. John Olaytbn, the Dean of Kildare in the sixteenth century, effected 
the destructive distillaticn of coal and collected and burned the gas from it,i in was not 
until 1792 that William Murdock devised the means for utilizing the substance and erected 
a plant at Cornwall, England, with which to light his house and office, and after several 
years of active agitation by the energetic promoter, F. A. Winsor, that in 1810 an Act of 
Incorporation was obtained for the London and Westminster Gas- Light and Coke Co , and 
the first installation on a large scale for lighting the streets of a city and supplying the 
public begun, and through the ingenuity and resources of Samuel Clegg, the engineer, the 
devices were invented or assembled by which the practical manufacture, storage, distribu- 
tion, and use was successfully accomplished. 

From this source the use of gas for lighting and heating extended over the world, 
reaching New York in 1834, and bringing in its train comfort and cheer j increased 
security and added power to man so long as the substance was confined to its proper chan- 
nels and used in proper devices, but carrying also the possibility rf working harm if the 
vigilance of ifs keepers was relaxed and it escaped from bounds ; therefore, beginning 
with the explosion at the limo purifier of the Peter Street Station, London, in 1814, 
through which Mr. Clegg was injured and two nine-inch walls thrown down, we have a 
vast array of explotive accidents originating in the ignition of mixtures of illuminating 
gas with air. 

Owing to the circumstances attending some of these explosions there has arisen a 
vulgar opinion that illuminating gas is an explosive ; in fact in a recent case- counsel 
cited opinions of courts deciding " gas " to be explosive ; yet every chemist knows that it 
is not explosive per se and that it cannot even be made to ignite unless in contact with 
air or other supporter of combustion. 

While we know the truth and may be able to demonstrate the fact, it is very satis- 
factory to be able also to cite the results of experience on a large scale. Therefore, the 
following from the Jour, of Gas-lighting, Aug. 1, 1871, may be welcome. It appears that 
at the bombardment of Paris the Governor of the city feared that the gas-holders of La 
Villette would endanger the fortifications. He was assured that there was not the small- 
est risk ; that if a projectile penetrated a gas-holder and set fire to the gas the latter would 
only burn out as a jet of flame, and thac there could be no such thing as an explosion 
since the constant pressure would effectually prevent any access of air. Shortly after, a 
shell pierced the holder at Ivry and lighted the gas. There was a huge jet of flame for 
eight minutes, the holder sank slowly, and all was over. At La Villette a shell penetra- 
ted a filled gas-holder and burst in the interior without igniting the gas. At Vaugirard 
another shell entered and iigain there was neither ignition nor explosion. 

Many of the accidents from coal-gas and its congeners " water-gas," " producer gas," 
and " generator gas " have been due to the escape of the gasses from the interred pipes 
and mains from which they have reached sewers, cesspools, cellars, and other enclosed 
places, for though these gas conduits may be sound and tight when laid, leakage will in 
time be caused by the corrosive action of materials in the soil, by electrolysis, by fluctua- 
tions in temperature, by settlement in filled ground, and by seismic changes.^ The extent 
of this leakage from the mains in New York Oity was discussed in a legislative investiga- 
tion some nine y^ara ago, and while the chemist of the health department claimed that 
ten per cent, of the entire annual product, or 1,000,000,000 cubic feet escaped, the gas 

1 Treatise on Coal Gas, William Richards, (1877). 
"- Proc. U. S. Nav. Inst., 22, 638 (1896). 
' Milne : McGlurc's Mag., 11, 17-27 (1898). 

58 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No. 30). A. 1899 



companies' representatives denied that more than 100,000,000 feet were lost in each year. 
W. 0. Holmes & Co.^ give the allowed leakage as five per cent, and the average leakage 
as ten per cent, while H. Tobey in his paper on " Elusive Leakages for Mains and 
Services,''- which was warmly discussed by the Gas Association before which it was read, 
shows that the condition still exists, and he gives illustrations showing the danjjer conse- 
quent on leaving abandoned sewers in place. 

Owing to the fact that Bunsen, Angus-Smith, Letheby, and Durand-Olaye found 
large quantities of methane, hydrogen sulphide, and sometimes carbon monoxide, in the 
gases from stagnant sewage decomposing under water, there has arisen a belief that 
" sewer-gas " is explosive. Simple consideration of the facts that such stagnation cannot 
occur in a properly constructed sewer, and that such a change does not take place in 
flowing sewage, is sufficient to cast doubt on the existence of such a gas. It has been 
completely shown by Prof. Wm. Ripley Nichols, in his ** Chemical Examination of Sewer 
Air,"3 as the result of his own extended observations, and from the discussion of numerous 
data by other inveetigators, that sewer air difiers from ordinary air only in containing a 
larger percentage of carbon dioxide and that " sewer air is neither inflammable nor explo- 
sive." The air of vaults and cesspools is, of course, a difierent thing, as the material in 
these may become stagnant. 

It was as early as 1819 that an English patent was granted to David Gordon and 
Edward Heard, for compressing gas in strong copper or other vessels fitted with ingenious 
reducing valves for regulating its rate of emission, thirty feet of gas being compressed 
into a volume of one cubic foot ; and gas so compressed in cylinders of two cubic feet 
cipacity were conveyed to the houses of consumers, with which to operate an isolated 
plant. Sometimes the pressure was sufficient to liquefy the gas and it is interesting to 
note that it was in the liquid from one of these reservoirs that Faraday discovered ben- 
zene. 

Naturally the tension of the gas itself tends to rapture the receptacle and many acci- 
dents from explosions of this nature have occurred owing to defects in the cylinders, or 
to the exposure of the filled cylinders to unduly high temperatures, or to shocks ; a recent 
accident that could not be explained in any other way occurred at Albany, N". Y., on 
December 6, 1893.^ 

With the increased demand for compressed gases of various kinds under high ten- 
sions, such as carbon dioxide, sulphur dioxide, ammonia, chlorine, nitrogen monoxide, 
acetylene, air, and others which are being used or introduced for commercial, scientific, or 
domestic purposes, there is being developed a continued improvement in the strength and 
homogeneity of the cylinders so that the danger from this cause is diminishing. 

Although Dr. Robert Hare had invented his oxyhydrogen blowpipe in 1801'' yet in 
1834 Gordon and Deville were granted a patent for their calcium or *' lime " light. It 
was expected by the projectors that this form of light would replace gas, as burned from 
ordinary burners, for lighting streets, and it caused the holders of gas securities much 
anxiety, but as we are now aware the device came to be used for geodetic, scientific, and 
exhibition purposes only. 

Where the gases stored in vessels are of an inflammable nature there is an additional 
risk to that due to the tension of the gas since by admixture with air or oxygen an explo- 
sion occurs on ignition. One source of these accidents arises from the diffusion of one 
gas back into the reservoir of another gas, but this is entirely prevented by proper 
regulation of the pressure and size of the orifice. Another arises from confusing the 
cylinders when filling them, and to prevent this the cylinders have been painted different 

^ " Instructions for the Management of Gas Works," p. 41, Lond. (1874). 
- Am. Gas-Light J., 64, 767 (1896). 

* Rept. Supt. of Sewers, Boston, Mass , 1879. 

* Proc. U. S. JVav. Inst., 22, 638 (1896). 
« This Journal, 19, 719 (1897). 

59 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No. 30). A. 1899 



colorp. Yet, as shown by the fatal accident described by W. N. Ha tley/ this has not 
prevented the deliberate interchange of the cylinders under the pressing demands of 
trade, and the usual casualty has followed. There'ore, he proposes that the fittings for 
the tAno classes of cylinders be made so entirely different that it will be practically 
impoesible to charge the cylinder with the wrong gas, and in view of the probable 
increased use of gas in this form, as indicated by Mr. Thomas Fletcher,- the change 
should be made. Yet I doubt if it will be, except under compulsion of law, for I have 
learned in my efforts to introduce safety explosives in this country that the great mpjority 
will not secure the assurance of safety if this entails a little inconvenience and the 
taking of a little more pains. 

A more common source of accident tas come from impurities introduce din the 
making of the oxygen, as at Nahant, Mass., where pulverized stibnite was mistaken 
for pyrolusite, and mixed with the potassium chlorate. Limousin describes an accident 
at Cannes, in 1880, which attracted unusual attention from the factitious circumstance 
that the gas was being prepared for the Km press of Russia,'^ and found the cause in 
the evolution of hydrocarbons from the rubber connecting tube by particles of heated 
potassium perchlorate carried info it through the turbulence of the reaction ; while Prof. 
C. A. Young gives an acf ounl^ of the explosion at Princeton while filling a steel cylinder 
■with oxygen by mears of a water jacketed steam force pump, and finds the cause in oil 
used for lubricating the pump being pprayed into the gas cylinder so as to form an 
explosive mixture with the oxygen. He recommends the use of soap suds as a lubricant 
in place of oil. Franhland'^ describes a similar instance, and gives a similar explanation. 
Recently my attention has been ctlled to seversl accidental explosions of oxy-hydrogen 
mixtures formed in the operation of storage batteries, the detonating gas being fired by 
the spaik formed on breaking connections at the battery. 

But of all circumstances under which explosions occur, the most awful are those 
■which so frequently happen in mines, for if the miner escapes instant death it too often 
is but to die from suffocation, or worse yet, to be entombed and perith from starvatioa 
preceded perhaps by insanity. 

It has long been known that fire damp found its way into coal minep, and, in 1674, 
Mr* Jesse p communicated to the Royal Society a description of the accident met with 
by Mr. Michel, who penetrated into the gallery of a coal-fit in Yorkshire with a naked 
torch and wf s severely burned. It is interesting to note" that, when rescued, he declared 
he heard no noise, though the -workmen in the vicinity had been terrified by a tremendous 
repert accompanied by a vibration cf the earth. As is to be expected, from what we 
know of natural gas, inflammable gases are not confined to coal mines, but, as shown by 
B. H. Brough,7 they are met with in metalliferous mines and other excavations also. 

The appalling nature of these catastrophes led to efforts being made to at least reduce 
their frequency, if not to prevent them altogether ; an extended account of these being 
given in " Mining Accidents and their Prevention," by Sir Frederck Abel, N.Y., 1889. 
It was early recognized that the presence of naked light was a constant source of danger, 
and hence the invention of the safety lamp by 8ir Humphrey Davy in 1816^ was hailed 
as a most beneficient gift of ecience, and this was soon followed by the lamps of George 
Stephenson and Dr. Olauny. When exposed but a short time in an atmosphere rich 
in gap, and which is moving at a low velocity, these lamps projected the mioer ; but if 
allowed to remain for some time in the gaa-rich atmosphere the gauze becomes heated to 
the ignition point cf the gas mixture burning within it. By the introduction of ventilating 

1 Che7.^. JVews, 59, 75 (1889). 

- " On a New Commercial Application of Oxygen." J. Soc. Chem. Ind., 7, 182 (1888). 

^U.S. Nav. Inst., 14, 167 (1888). 

* Scientific American, p. 369, June 11, 1887. 
6 Am. Gas-Light J., 5, 289 (1864). 

* Treatise on Coal Gas, Wm. Richards, p. 4, 1877. 
' School of Mines Quart, 12, 13-22 (1890). 

, Trans. Boy. Soc, 106, ]. 

60 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No. 80). A. 1899 



appliances to remove the gas, the currents of air in the mainways frequently reach a 
velocity of between twenty and twenty-five feet, and between two airways it may lisa 
to thirty five feet per second. In breaking down the coal, the confined gas may rush out at 
a very high velocity, it being found by experiment at the Boldon Colliery that the gas 
may be under as great a pressure as 46 L pounds to the square inch. And finally the 
air and gas may be set in motion at a high velocity by the firing of explosives to bring 
down the rock or coal, and more especially by a "blown out" shot. Under such con- 
ditions the primitive safety-lamps above described failed, but protected lamps have been 
invented which have resisted currents of even fifty feet per second for a brief period, 
though it is said that these are insecure in certain positions to which they may be tilted 
in practice, and that the glass cylinders are liable to fracture. 

Instead of relying upon the safety-lamps for protection a better method of procedure 
is to test the atmosphere of workings for the presence of fire-damp before allowing the 
workmen to operate. Various methods have been pursued, and these are summarized in 
" The Detection and Measurement of Inflammable Gas and Vapor in Air," by Dr. Frank 
Oiowes, 1896, Lond., and he there describes a very ingenious and efficient fire-damp 
detector which he has devised. This consists of a simple and convenient hydrogen lamp 
by which one can detect 0.10 per cent, of methane or 0.25 per cent, of coal- gas in the 
air. He attaches a small steel cylinder (weighing about fourteen ounces) charged with 
hydrogen under 100 atmospheres of pressure to the side of a safety lamp and leads the 
gas through a minute copper tube up beside the wick holder of the lamp, there being a 
reducing valve attached to the cylinder by which to feed the hydrogen to the lamp as 
desired in order to control the height ot the flame. 

The lamp is lighted as usual at the oil wick and covered, then when the atmosphere 
which it is desired to test is reached the hydrogen is turnt d on and ignited, the oil 
flAme is pricked out, the hydrogen flaime adjusted to a regulation height of ten mm. and 
the flwime observed through the chimney against a black background. If an inflammable 
gas be present it will produce a pi,le blue cap about the hydrogen flame, and the height 
of this cap will increase with the per cent, of the gas in the atmosphere. By means of a 
scale on the chimney the height ia measured and the per cent, determined. In his 
experiments Oiowes obtained the following : 

Limiting Explosive Mixtures of Vakious Gases with Air. 

Percentage of gas in air. 

Lower Higher Method of 

Combustible gas used. explosive limit, explosive limit. kindling. 

Methane 5 13 Upward. 

" 6 11 Downward. 

Coal-gas, Nottingham 6 29 Upward. 

" " 9 22 Downward. 

Water-gas 9 55 Upward. 

Hydrogen 5 72 " 

Carbon monoxide 13 75 " 

Ethylene 4 22 " 

Acetylene 3 82 Downward. 

The lower "limit" of infl*mmable gas represents the minimum pro[)ortion which, 
when mixed with air under ordinary conditions, will burn rapidly, and will, under certain 
conditions, produce explosions If the proportion of inflammable gas mixed with the air 
is less than this in amount, the mixture will only burn in the immediate neighborhood of 
the kindling flame, and will not burn throughout. If, on the other hand, the proportion 
of inflammable gas in the air exceeds the maximum " limit " the gas will only be kindled 
and burn where it is in contact with an additional supply of air. 

All proportions of gas intermediate between these limits are explosive when mixed 
with air, consequently the chance of an explosion resulting from the presence of one of 
these gases in the air is the greater the more widely the " limits " are apart, since this 
gives rise to the possibility of a larger number of explosive mixtures beina; produced. 
Therefore, the danger of explosion is least with methane and greatest with acetylene. 
Methane is a safer gas, also, because it has a high temperature of and a slow rate of 
ignition. All of these conditions tend to lessen the number of colliery explosions. It is 
to be noted that mixtures that cannot be ignited when the flame is applied to their upper 

61 



62 Victoria. SessioDal Papers (No. 30). A. 1899 



surface may be fired from below, and this is the method of firing most likely to occur in 
coal uiiues. Few of the gases mentioned occur singly under conditions likely to give rise 
to danger. More commonly the combustible gases are present in a state of mixture, as in 
water-gas and in coal-gas. 

In giving "limits " it is assumed that the temperature of the mixture is not above 
18^ C. and that the prcssuie does not exceed seventy-six cm., for a gaseous mixture which 
is not inflammable under these conditions may become inflammable under increased 
temperature or pressure, and also that a mixture that by ordinary tests appears unin- 
flammable, will propagate flame if a considerable volume of gas be projected into it, 
owing to the resulting increase in temperature and pressure. It will be observed that 
Clowes' detector reveals the presence of gas in proportions much below the danger point, 
and gives timely warning. 

The ignition of the fire-damp has been frequently caused by the gunpowder and 
" straws " used in blasting, for the outbursts of gas from the shaken coal and the outrush 
of flame and incandescent particles from the blast were often coincident. The use of 
electric primers and detonators remedied entirely the evils following the use of straws 
and naked fuse, and the employment o! the high explosives gave greater immunity by 
reducing the frequency of the blasts. Greater security stiil has followed the use of the 
flameless explosives made from nitro-substitution compounds, or dynamites in which 
crystalline salts, like sodium carbonate and alum, containing a large amount of water of 
crystallization, are incorporated in the mass, or water cartridges, in which the explosive in 
the bore holes is placed in a water- bag or surrounded by moss, or other porou3 substances, 
saturated with water. 

The occurrence of these mining accidents has caused the authorities grave concern, 
and several of the European governmente, notably Prussia, France, and England, have 
appointed many commissions, some temporary and others continuous, to investigate the 
reasons for the accidwnts and the methods of prevention. Many of the most prominent 
chemists of these countries have been called to serve upon the commissions, and their 
reports have proved not only useful in the solution of the problem in hand but ha'^e been 
valuable contributions to chemical science. One of the more recent consequences of their 
deliberations is the establishment at Woolwich, England, of a station for testing all 
explosives offered for use in coal mines,' and hereafter no explosives but those which 
successfully pats these tests can be used, and then only in the manner minutely described 
in governmental authorization.^ 

The closer study of the phenomena of explosions in gases, consequent on these 
investigations, has developed many interesting facts. Bunsen found that whei mixtures 
of hydrogen and oxygen, and of carbon monoxide and oxygen in equivalent proportions 
were inflamed the union went on by tits and starts, and that the velocity of propagation 
of the reaction, throughnarrow orifices, was thirty-four meters per second in the hjdrogen- 
oxygen mixture, and but one meter per second in thecaibon monoxide-oxygen mixture - 
Mallard tested vaiious mixtures of methane and air, and coal gas and air, in the same 
way finding the velocity ot combu&tion to rapidly diminish as the proportion of inert 
gases present increased and obtaining a maximum spe* d in the case of eight volumes of 
air to one volume of marsh gas of 0.56 meter per second ^ 

Btrchelot, uaing tubes of forty meters in length and five millemeters in diameter, 
obtained velocities of 2810 meters per second for hydrogen-oxygen, 1089 for carbon 
monoxide-oxygen and 2287 for methane-oxygen, * and found that the reaction could be 
propagated in three ditt^rent ways. First, by combustion, as observed by Bunsen, in 
which the heat evolved is being continually lost through radiation and conduction, and 
in which consequently the pressure is exerted by the layer of burning molecules on their 
adj icent molecules and hence their velocity of translation tends constantly toward a 
minimum. Second, by detonation in which the heat evolved, the pressure produced by 



1 Rep. Com. to inquire into the History of Explosives for use in Coal Mines, Lond., 1897. 

2 Ann. chim. phys,, (4) 14, 449. 

3 Ann. de Mined, 8, (1871). 

4 Sur la force de la poudre, i, 153. 

62 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No. 30). A. 1899 



the reacting molecules on continguous molecules, and the velocity of translation of the 
explosive reaction all tend toward the maximum. And tically, an internnediate stage all 
three being marked by distinct waves. Von Oettinger and von Gernet, ^ have by a very 
ingenious arrangement, succeeded in photographing, firat, a fundamental one, which they 
style Berthelot's wave ; second, more or less parallel secondary waves, whose existence 
they explain on Bunsen's hypothesis of the rtflax action cf waves due to successive 
explosions produced by the electric spark, and which they style Bunsen's waves ; and 
third, polygonial waves of smaller amplitude. They obtained a velocity of 2800 
meters per second, which is of the same magnitude as those obtained by Berthelot. 

Berthelot and Vieille's experiments show that when an explosion occurs in a gaseous 
mixture a number of ignited molecules are projected forward with a velocity correspond- 
ing with the maximum temperature prodaced by the chemical combination. The impact 
of these molecules causes the ignition of the adjacent particles, and the rate of progression 
of the combustion is thus dependent upon the activity of the chemical action. 

Mallard and Lb Cbaoelier find that the rate of propagation of flame through an 
inflammable gaseous mixture is afiected not only by the temperature and size of the 
igniting flame, but also by the mechanical agitation or disturbance of the mixture itself. 
These results are not surprising when it is considered that for the spread of combustion 
in an inflammable gaseous mixture it is necessary that the temperature of the combustion 
should be softioient to ignite the uninflamed portion. 

Dr. W. H. Birchmore '^ has devised an apparatus for firing gaseous mixtures which 
shows many of these phenomena. He uaes two large bulbs connected by a tube of deter- 
mined dimension for his explosion chamber and a large tin-fod condenser for igniting the 
mixture, and he finds the phenomena to be difierer>t from those observed in tubes ignited 
in the ordinary way. The reaction takes place more promptly and sharply, and when 
using hydrogen and air in variable amouQt not only is some of the oxygen ozonized but 
hydrogen dioxide is produced with the water of the reaction. 

When using acetylene, with sufiicient air to consume it theoretically, some of the 
carbon is separated out in the solid form although free oxygen was found in the residues, 
and it was not until he had reached eight times the volume of air required by the theory 
that he got the theoretical amount of carbon dioxide. 

He also describes a form of experiment whi^h very cleverly illustrates the successive 
phenomena occuring in the acetylene explosion at Paris. The minimum volume of an 
inflammable gas which forms an explosive mixture with air is very considerably reduced 
if fine dust is present in the air. Buddie directed attention some ninety years ago in an 
account of the Wallsend Colliery explosion, to the destructive effect produced by the 
ignited coal dust at a distance from the point of first explosion. Bobert Bald, in 1828, 
pointed out'' that the blast of flame from a fire-damp explosion might ignite the coal dust 
on the floor of the pit. Faraday and Lyell, in their report on the Hasw^ell Colliery 
explosion of September, 1844,* demonstrated that coal duat may be instrumental in 
greatly extending and in increasing tha disastrous efiacts of fire damp explosions. Abel^ 
has shown that the presence of finely divided incombustible mineral matter in air con- 
taining less than two per cent, of fire-damp cauaes the latter to become explosive on 
ignition, and Galloway has proved that a mixture of air containing less than oae per cent. 
of fire-damp can be made to explode when charged with finely divided coal duat. I have 
applied this observation of the effect of the dust in facilitating explosions to lecture 
experiments with inflammable gaseous mixtures 

The explosion at the Capitol on November 6ch was confined to that portion of the 
building known as the supreme court section, and which jjins the senate wing to the 
central structure. In the center of this section is a dome which is raiely noticed as it is 
completely overshadowed by the central dome of the Capitol. This dome is supported in 
the subbasement on piers, while all about these piers are brick vaults and arches of vary- 
ing heights, carrying the many partition walls and floors above them, and these, with 

^ Ann. der Phys. * Inst. C. E. Tracts. Vol. 284. 

2 Avi. Uas-LightJ., 67, 563-565 {1897). ^ Accidents in Mines, Proc. Inst. Civ. Eiig., (1888). 

3 Ed. Phil. J„ 5, 101 (1828). • Proc. U. S. Nav. Inst. 12, 429 (1886). 

63 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No. 30). A 1899 



those radiating from under the big dome and the connecting passages, form a perfect laby 
rinth. The complexity is increased by several of the spaces having been enclosed with 
brick wails so as to carry steam-heating coils and for other purposes. A large part of the 
wall space had been fitted with shelving and these were filled to overflowing with pamph- 
lets. One space was used as an engine room from which to operate a Sturtevant blower 
that fed air over the coils. This engine was provided with a woven guard screen to pro- 
tect passtrs-by made from five-sixteenths inch wrought iron rods, riveted on each edge 
into two wrought iron bars, eachof which was seven-eighths inch wide by seven-sixteenths 
inch thick. Directly opposite this screen and leading south, was a low narrow passage 
that opened into one of the largest and highest of the vaults, in which was stowed, in the 
open spaces behind two supporting walls or piers, the ash from the wood fires which were 
burned in the rooms above. These hickory ash-pits, as they were styled, were south of 
and directly in line with the passage leading toward the iron screen. This series of com- 
partments were on the extreme west of the subbasement. A few of the exterior com- 
partments of the sub-basement received a very little daylight but all the rest was wholly 
dependent, on artificial light and several gas jets were kept constantly lighted. In the 
center of the sub-basement, under the dome, was a large gas-meter connected to a four 
• inch main and having on its outlet end a 200-light glycerine gas-governor. This meter had 
not been in use for some time and the inlet valve was closed but the outlet valve was 
opened, and it was discovered afterwards that this outlet pipe was also connected with a 
live four inch main. The explosion occurred about 5 15 p.m. and its efi'ectR were observed 
over 47,000 cubic feet of the basement and upward quite to the dome. By the explosion 
the brick arches, covered with earth and then with heavy stone pavement slabs, weret orn 
up, brick partition and supporting walls were overthrown, stout locked doors on the upper 
floors were torn open and there was a general wrecking of all the lighter structural parts. 
Observation of the lay of the wreckage showed conclusively that it radiated in all directions 
from a point about the gas-meter and that the most violent efleots were in general at the 
points most distant from this center. The most violent efiect of all was on the west 
where the heavy grauite screen wall, forming the facade of the building, was displaced 
by one and one half inches and the stout wire protecting screen about the engine was 
forced into a depth of two feet from the original plane for an area of three feet in dia- 
meter, and many of the stout rods were ruptured. Searching examination showed that 
no explosive or other explosive-forming material than illuminating gas could have been 
present ; that for thirty minutes prior to the explosion there was for some reason a gas 
pressure of twice the normal ; that, under an excessive pressure, gas would flow through 
the governor ; and that this could furnish sufficient gas to do the work accomplished. 

The gas had a specific gravity of 0.601 and as it escaped it flowed through the devious 
passages and compartments filling first the pockets with mixtures of various proportions 
and settling lower and lower until the stratum reached down to the level of the burning 
gas-jets where it was fired. These were near the meter where, of course, the gas would be 
richest. Here was the region of combustion, As the tongue of flame rushed under the 
low archways and through the passageways to the higher vaults beyond it produced a 
violent disturbance of the atmosphere, thoroughly commingling the gas and air and 
throwing a mass of inflamed gas into their midst thus producing a greatly accelerated 
combustion and explosion When this tongue of flame burst into the compartment con- 
taining the hickory ash this dast was also intimately commingled with the gas-laden 
atmosphere and here was produced the moat violent of all the efi"6cts manifested ; for the 
granite screen wall that was displaced was on the right side of the hickory ash-pits and 
the stout wire screen that was perforated was directly in front of them and at the end of 
the low and narrow passage leading from the vault containing these pits ; and further, 
the most violent efiects produced on the upper floors, quite to the top of the building, 
were about the spiral staircase, leading from the compartment containing the wire screen 
and which was but a continuation, through the low narrow passage, of the compartment 
containing the hickory ash. 



64 



REPORT 



OF THE 



INSPECTOR OF LEGAL OFFICES 



ONTARIO 



1898. 



PRINTED BY ORDER OF 

THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY OF ONTARIO. 




TORONTO: 
WARWICK BRO'S & RUTTER, Printers, &c., &c., 68 and 70 Front Street West. 

189 9. 



SIXTEENTH ANNUAL REPORT 



OF THE 



INSPECTOR OF LEGAL OFFICES. 



To tke Honourable Sir Oliver Mowat, K.C.M.G., Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of 
Ontario : — 

Sir, — I have the honour to present the sixteenth annual leport of the Inspector of Legal 
Offices for the Province of Ontario, upon the aflairs and condition of the administrative and 
judicial offices under my inspection for the year ending the 31st December 31st, 1898. 

During the year the following officers were appointed : 

Sheriffs. — George Augustus Dana, of the Town of Brockville, Esquire, to be Sheriff of the 
United Counties of Leeds and Grenville, in the room and stead of James fc-mart, Esquire, 
resigned, gazetted 25th October. 

Local Masters. — His Honour Judge^Barron became Local Master of the High Court for the 
County of Perth on the resignation of John E. Harding, Esquire, appointed Junior Judge of 
the County of Victoria. 

District Attorney and Clerk of the Peace. — Walter Lockwood Haight, of the Town of Pany 
Sound, Esciuire, to be District Attorney and Clerk of the Peace in and for the Provisional 
Judicial District of Parry Sound, gazetted 5th March, 

Local Registrars, eic — George McGill Farwell, of Sault Ste. Marie, Esquire, to be Local 
Registrar of the High Court, Clerk in the District Court and Registrar of the Surrogate Court 
in and for the Provisional Judicial District of Algoma, in the room and stead of T. H. Murray, 
Esquire, resigned, gazetted 5th March. John Thomas Hewitt, of the City of Brantford, Esquire, 
to be Local Registrar of the High Court, Clerk of the County Court and Registrar of the Surro- 
gate Court in and for the Coiinty of Brant, in the room and stead of Walter Boswell Rubidge, 
Esquire, resigned, gazetted 30th March. 

Police Magistrates. — John Thomas James of the Village of Bridgburg, in the County of 
Welland, Esquire, to be Police Magistrate in and for said Village, without salary, gazetted 12th 
February. Edward Burns, of the Village of Elora, in the County of Wellington, Esquire, to 
be Police Magistrate in and for said Village, without salary, gazetted 2nd July. William Bruce 
Wilkinson, of the Village of Waterford, in the County of^Norfolk, Esquire, to be Police Magis- 
trate in and for said Village, without salary, gazetted 16th July. Daniel Davis, of the Town of 
Cornwall, in the County of Stormont, Esquire, to be Police Magistrate in and for the said Town 
of Cornwall, in the room and stead of Angus Bethune, Esquire, deceased, gazetted 27th August. 
Arthur Edward Connell, of the Village of Iroquois, in the County of Dundas, Esquire, to be 
Police Magistrate in and for the said Village of Iroquois, without salary, during the time public 
works are carried on in the vicinity of that Village, gazetted ISthfOctober. Redford Kimmerly, 
of the Town of Dresden, in the County of Kent, Esquire, to be Police Magistrate in and for the 
said Town of Dresden, without salaiy, in the room and stead of John Cliapple, Esquire, deceastd, 
gazetted 31fet December. 

[3] 



62 V'^ictoria. Sessional Papers (No. o\). A. 1899 



Sheriff's Offices. 

The business of the Sheriffs' offices has been most satisfactorily conducted during the past 
year. Less complaint has beeia made to me than in any previous year. This is particularly 
gratifying in view of greatly diminished income which most of them are now securing from their 
offices. I have been able to adjust without trouble any complaints that have been made. 
Returns of executions, and payment over of moneys made thereunder, have been promjjtly made 
The entries ni their books are more fully made than heretofore, so that it is now the rule that 
the books show fully all the steps that have been taken under the executions in their hands. 
The civil business done in the sheriffs' offices continues to fall off and the incomes of many of 
them are very small compared with the importance and dignity of the office. In many of 
the counties the sherilf is not able to have a deputy, or a regular bailiff 

In Appendix A I have set out in tabulated form the statistical returns made by the sheriffs 
for the year 1898 

Local Masters. 

The business done in offices of the Local Masteis still continues to fall off. In many of the 
counties the business has greatly declined. There have been no com2jlaints during the past 
year of undue prolongation of references. 

In Appendix B I have set out in tabulated form the statistical returns of the business in 
these offices fur the year 1898. 

Local Registrars, Depcty Regi.strars, Deputy Clerks of the Crown and Covnty 

Court Clerks. 

The new rules of practice which went into force in the beginning of last year are now being 
l.etter understood and the practice is becoming more settled. I have, however, had a good 
deal of correspondence with the officers in regard to questions of doubt in the practice, and have 
thus been enabled to secure a uniformity upon many of the questions that are constantly arising. 
In order to make my directions in this respect more widely known, I have furnished ihe more 
important of them to the President of the County Court Clerks' Association and they have been 
embodied in his report, a copy of which has been furnished to each of the officers. 

In my report last year 1 drew attention of the officers to the necessity of paying immediately 
after each Court of Assize the amount received by them for the Reporter's Fund and sending 
the proper return to the Accountant's office. This report should be sent whether or not any 
fees have been received. Many of the officers, however, do not yet appreciate the importance of 
promptness in this respect. The returns of judgments to the Central Office should also be 
promptly made at the px'oper times. When there are no judgments to be returned the return 
must be sent stating the fact. I have had to ivrite a number of letters in regard to these 
matters during the year, T trust I may be saved this vnmecessary trouble in future by the officers 
making these returns regularly at the proper times. 

I find that the officers generally ha\e overlooked the importance of Rule 556, and have 
not complied with it. The Judges have hitherto passed over these omissions, but now that the 
rule has been in force for some time, there is no excuse for its non-observance. I therefore 
draw particular attention to the necessity for strict compliance with this Rule in future. I 
think this intimation may be sufficient to save parties from delays in the hearing of their 
motions, and the officers themselves from the annoyance of being found negligent of their 



62 S^ictoria. Sessional Papers (No. 31) A. 1^99 



duties. 1 would suggest a list in the Form No. 209 should be made in each case where exhibits 

are filed, and during the progress of the trial as each exhibit is put in, it would be numbered or 

marked and entered on the list in its proper order. The entries must, of course, also be made 

in the Docket. 

Appendix C is a return of all business transacted in the offices of the Local Registrars, 

Deputy Registrars and Deputy Clerks of the Crown for the year ending 31st December, and 

Appendix D is a tabulated return of the business done in the County Court Clerks' offices for 

the same period. 

Surrogate Registrars. 

In these offices the work has been generally well done during the year. In three of the offices 
I found that Probates and Letters of Administration had been issued without the necessary law 
stamps having been put on the proceedings ; these I caused immediately to be put on and 
cancelled them under authority of the statute. I have impressed on these officers the absolute 
necessity of proper stamps being affixed before the letters are dated or issued. 

I Avas of opinion that in addition to the fees payable under R.S.O. Cap. 203, sec. 155, s-s. 4, 
the ordinary fees to the Crown in such cases were also payable, and I directed a number of the 
officers to that effect. The question was however submitted to the Chancellor and he has given 
his opinion that no fees are payable to the Crown in cases under this section. The fees there- 
fore to be charged are those mentioned in the Statute only, to l)e divided in the same proportion 
. as the fees in small estates are divided under the Surrogate Courts Act. 

The practice of charging a fee of $1.00 for a special attendance of the Judge on the orders 
for grant of probate and letters of administration has become %ery general. I have therefore 
drawn special attention to the matter in the following circular letter which I sent to each of the 
Judges and Registrars : — 

Re SuRjh-OGATE Court. 

Dear Sir, — The practice of charging a fee of $1.00 for the Judge, as for a " Special Attend- 
ance," on the granting of every order for probate and administration, has become very general. 
I beg therefore to draw attention to the judgment of Sir Adam Wilson in the case of Re Dallas 
and the Registrar of the Surrogate Court of the County of Perth, 29 U.C.Q.B. 482, from which 
the following is an extract : — 

" The Judge is entitled to a fee of |2.00 for the grant, and to 50 cents for his order for it,. 
but I think he is not entitled to the fee of $1.00 for a special attendance on making it. A special 
attendance may perhaps properly be charged under Sec. 30, when a special order is made by the 
Judge for administration to be granted before the Registrar has received the certificate from the 
Surrogate Clerk that no other application for administration has been made. But for a mere 
routine attendance, I think the special charge is not properly made. The wording of the Sched- 
ule is : 1;' On every special attendance, or for purposes of audit, $1.00,' from which it is plain that 
an attendance merely to sign an order is very different from an attendance ' for purposes of 
audit,' and that a 'special attendance' must also be very different from it, when the special 
attendance is placed on the same footing, and is remunerated on the same scale as an attendance 
for the purpose of audit, which latter business must require special care and special adjudication, 
quite unlike the mere granting of an ordinary fiat in a non contentious matter. 

"^p * * *^i"It>; * *gw«i The order can only be in the nature of a fiat, and most 
likely is in all cases endoi'sed on the application or petition — ' Let grant of administration! be 

made to as within prayed.' " 

Yours truly, 

Jas. Fleming. 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No. :31). A. 1899 



I have settled a number of disputes on the question of fees during the year. The business 
of the Surrogate Courts, which is very generally increasing is set out in appendix E. 

Genkral Remarks. 

The annual returns have this year generally been made promptly ; in only one instance have 
I had any trouble in this respect. In a number of cases, however, I have had to send them 
back for amendment or explanation. I have had several inquiries and a good deal of corres- 
pondence in resi)ect of the duties of the various ofHcers placed under my inspection by order in 
council of 5th April, 1895. 

The amounts paid to the Provincial Treasurer by officers under my inspection under R.S.O. 
1897, Cap. 18, for the year 1898 are as foHows :— 

Sheriffs $549 16 

Local Registrars, etc 3,191 12 

County Attorneys, etc 605 82 

Total §4,406 10 

I have from time to time during the year required new securities to be given by several 
officers when their old bonds had become unsatisfactory for any reason. 

In appendix F I have set out a detailed statement of the fees and emoluments of the several 
officers for the year 1898, and in appendix G for convenience of reference I have shown the total 
and net reci^iipts of tlie officers for the year, and the earnings of each officer payable by the Gov- 
eniment, the county, and the general public, respectively. 

I have the honour to be, Sir, 

Your obedient servant, 

JAS. FLEMING, 

Inspector. 
OsGOODE Hall, Toronto, 

March 6th, 1899. 



APPENDICES. 



[7] 



♦52 Vict ria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 81). 



A. 1899 



Appendix A. — Oontaining in tabulated form Statistics as retorned 









Number of Services of Writs of— 






Counties or districts. 


Summons. 


Subprena. 


Order for arrest 


1 

Miscellaneous 

process. 







H.C.J. 


C.C 

8 
7 

12 

43 

5 

7 

16 

7 

4 

6 

9 



14 

16 

6 

5 

27 

11 

17 

12 

4 

2 

5 

10 
fi 


H.C..J. 

4 
7 
2 

34 
2 
1 

32 
2 

10 
2 
1 
9 
4 

25 
3 

13 

38 

9 

13 

82 

3 

4 
3 

12 
3 

11 
6 
1 
2 

32 
3 
9 

20 
2 


C.C. 


1 
H.C.J. 


C.C. 


H.O.J. 


C.C. 


>• 

1 


Algoma 


7 

8 

11 

101 

7 

11 

13 

16 

8 

9 

4 

19 

21 

19 

5 

23 

26 

14 

30 

26 

5 

5 

9 

24 

13 


6 
62 
30' 
50 
15 

2 
102 




3 


6 

4' 

9 

50 

7 


6 

""it 


40 


Brant 


78 


Bruce 






68 


Carleton 

Duff erin 




1 


289 
36 


Elgin 






21 


Essex 


1 


3 


5 
7 
8 
2 
5 
6 
9 

12 
1 


i 

1 

2 
1 
1 
2 
4 
1 
1 

1 

9 

■*"2i 

3 

20 


172 


Frontenac 


33 


Grey 


2i 
8 

10 
76 
14 
31 
20 
10 
23 

"20 

53 

123 

8 
98 

""17 

118 

11 

34 

17 

4 

3 

5 

31 

6 

18 
19 


i 


f 


58 


Haldimand 


29 


Halton 

Hastings 


32 
117 


Huron 

Kent 


i 

1 


1 


64 
107 


Lambton , , . . 


39 


Lanark 


39 


Leeds and Grenville 

Lennox and Addington 


i 


2 
'"2 


21 
1 
8 
7 
3 
2 
16 
13 
3 
4 


113 
64 


Lincoln 


87 


Middlesex 


121 


Mufkoka 


217 


Nipissing , 






17 


Norfolk . . 






128 


Northumberland and Durham 

Ontario 


....... ^ 


'" 1 
2 


71 
46 


Oxford 


21' 14 
6 5 

17 j 5 

. 17 5 

251 16 


183 


Parry Sound 


34 


Peel' 


i 

2 


1 

1 
1 

1 


11 
8 

14 
4 
4 


2 

i 

7 


73 


Perth ■ 


62 


Peterborough 


74 


Prescott and Russell 


7 
12 
12 
18 
28 
30 
4 
9 

13 
15 
16 
27 
15 
89 


10 
5 

10 

24 

10 

14 

5 

13 

11 

5 

9 

19 

9 

56 


26 
28 


Rainy River 


i 

2 

1 




13 


105 


Renfrew 






52 


Simcoe 


1 
1 


ie 
3 

8 
3 

2 

4 

4 

10 

13 

35 


2 

3 

2 

1 

3 

i 

8 


86 


Thunder Bay 


88 
17 


Victoria 








27 


Waterloo 


1 
6 
9 
4 
2 
27 


21 

10 

34 

2 

180 






48 


Welland 






41 


Wellington 






75 




1 
3 


2 

1 


65 


York 


221 




218 






Totals 


815 


508 


453 


1,307 


17 


28 


356 


125 


3,60» 







62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 31). 



A. 1S99 



by the different Sheriffs for the year ending 31st December, 1898. 







Number of Writs of Execution received. 


o 
'> 

S 
i 

u 

21 
12 
22 
18 
14 
17 
39 
15 
25 
10 

4 
IG 

8 


!^ umber of renewals of Writs of 
Execution received. 


Number of 

Estreats re- 
ceived. 

1 


Against both 
lands and goods 


Against lands 
only. 


Against goods 
only. 

1 


Against both 
goods and land. 


Against lands 
only. 


H.C.J. 


c.c. 


H.C.J. 

12 
6 

10 

62 

5 

14 

25 

17 

13 

5 

4 

24 

15 

19 

17 

11 

17 

3 

16 

34 

4 

12 

4 

32 

18 

18 

7 

14 

20 

14 

7 

6 

24 

11 

16 

21 

13 

10 

11 

20 

17 

32 

38 

214 

I 91S 


C.C. 


HC.J. 


C.C. 


H.C.J. 


CO. 


H.C.J. 


C.C. 


H.C.J. 


C.C. 






29 




2 


10 

2 

4 
3 


11 
3 

1 

5 








"l 


12 

21| 
33 






















1 






4 

13 

40 

9 

9 

4 
















1 








.'. 3 


3 


1 




1 




5 

1 
1 
1 
8 
6 
1 
5 




.... ^ 

1 

4 
3 
2 
2 






1 




1 


















1 










7 
17 
27 
21 
19 

9 












1 2 










1 











1 




1 




1 






19 
4 


1 










1 








29 

9 

30 

22 


5 


17 









































1 




1 
















24 
4 
7 

36 

16 

8 

18 

12 

9 

6 

12 
11 
9 
7 
18 
68 
28 
2 
25 
10 
11 
13 
24 
18 
14 


2 3 








4 
16 






1 


'" i 































4 

1 


i 

5 
4 
6 
1 

3 
6 
2 
1 
1 

"l 

12 

i 

2 


3 
2 
1 








■■■i3i:::::::: 

12 

71 . .. 


5 


1 














13 
3 










1 


















9 
11 
10 

2 
29 
21 
25 
1 14 
11 
14 

2 

8 

20 

17 

14 

lOS 
























1 

i 

1 
































































7 
3 


















2 4 












1 




1 




1 












1 














2 

11 

20 

125 

254 


1 


1 








. . . .1 




















4 

5 

3i 


c 






1 






....... 

1 




3 


J 


1 








i 


; i 


745 


! 13 


2; 


5 12 


; 


654 


104 


18 



62 \'ictoria. 



Sessional Paj^ers (No. 31). 



A. 1899 



/iPPENDix A. — Containing in tabulated form Satistics as returned by the 





No. of Renewals of 
Writs, etc. — Con. 


Other Writs of Execution 
received. 


Number of 



Counties or districts. 


Against goeds 
only. 


CD 

1 

o 
_o 

'> 

Q 

fa 


Possession. 


Ca. Sa. 

1 


Against goods. 




H. C. J. 


CO. 


HC.J. 


CO. 


H C..T. 


c.c. 


H.C.J. 


c.c 


Aljfoma 






1 


1 


3 

1 
I 

— 




1 






Branu 






3 1 


1 
2 
2 




Bruce 








3 




Carleton 




1 


S 


6 

1 


1 


Dufferin 







15 




Elgin 






3 


3 




Essex 






6 
1 


3 




i 


i 








1 
2 




1 


Grey 




2 














1 






1 
1 

3 
1 










3 
2 
1 














1 


■■■2 1 






2 






1 
4 








1 


Kent 












11 








7 







21 .... 








2 

1 








1! 








" 1 




1 


13 


Lennox and Addin^ton 










2 

3 

i 


2 










i 


2 


1 










11' 1 






Muskoka 










1 
1 






.'.'.'.'.' 










Norfolk 






3 

2 

1 


i 

4 
























i 


1 


Oxford 






2 
3 








2 


1 








3 






3 


Peel 


1.. . 


4 2 


1 




1 


Perth 


...1-.- 




1 






1 


Peterborough 

Prescott and Russell . 




'..'.'.. 


1 
4 
2 

1 
1 




1 







i 

1 
2 

1 

1 


2 


Rainy River 











'" 2 


2 








2 1 


1 








18 


2| 1 
^1 ' 


i 






1 


1 










2 
1 

1 


1 


1 
















1. ... 






1 
3 
















Wellington 







1 
3 
3 

5 

81 








1 




1 




21 

1 

13 

1 




York 


I"" .'. 




1 


1 
3 










1 1 


1 




10 






2 


3 


113 


25 


6 


9 


57 


20 






! 





10 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 31). 



A. 1S^9 



different Sheriffs for the year ending 31st December, 1898. — Continued. 



Sales under Writs 
execution. 


Number of cases entered un- 
der Creditors' Relief Act. 

.*>. c;j» h-i I-' 1 


i 

CO . 

CC » 

S 

T3 

£ <u 

e"S 


a 

'C . 

<u 

JS , 

5j (- 
•r iJ 

<! 


Amounts endorsed on Writs of Execution, 


Against lands. 


s 


Q 
c 

> 

s 

s 


u 
fa 


For Debt or Damages. 


For Taxed Costs. 


H.C.J. 


C.C. 


H. C. J. 


C.C. 


Div. Ct. 


H.C.J. 


C.C. 


3 




1 






5 c. 

11,741 03 

5,191 46 

6,706 65 

99,082 26 

5,092 19 

13,787 18 

21,687 25 

10,501 98 

14,515 98 

3,096 78 

2,630 11 

27,305 51 

32,389 15 

8,978 72 

32,016 82 

31,043 65 

11,614 25 

4,190 17 

32,620 50 

45,938 78 

4,298 47 

6,708 14 

6,870 52 

3^969 23 

57,406 72 

25,488 59 

3,796 85 

6 843 12 
7,458 27 

22,631 85 
7,455 48 
8,824 54 

27,392 65 
9,728 99 

39,697 35 

28,894 64 
189,329 23 

22,246 16 
8,638 83 

32,448 43 
9,915 46 

47,761 02 

44 310 66 
428,171 74 


•t c. 

6,149 40 
4,357 16 
4,766 19 
7,688 75 

532 17 
3,583 19 
8,960 10 
2,075 00 
3,134 43 
1,058 28 
1,465 96 
3,328 82 
6,468 61 
5,468 70 
4,945 54 
7,788 95 
8,699 34 
J, 755 55 
5.406 67 
4,410 50 

716 76 
5,019 43 

'""4^319 53 
3,671 57 
1,949 36 
2,325 11 
4,523 48 
1,822 15 
2,270 29 
2,015 03 

494 5J 
7,718 98 
5,083 70 
6,000 99 
2.899 27 
3,579 04 
2,830 68 

547 48 
2,380 51 
4,412 80 
3,879 19 
4,062 47 
43,182 10 


S c. 

1,599 33 
1,158 45 

603 48 
1,740 11 
1,132 09 
1,760 48 
3,770 93 
1,536 23 
2,900 06 

522 28 

467 94 
1,415 58 

513 48 
3,947 26 
1,845 51 

108 59 


8 c. 

621 01 
155 65 
570 00 

2,607 27 
102 75 
848 62 

1,001 67 
799 12 
990 69 
339 12 
671 41 

1,825 09 

622 60 
V48 4. 
2,157 09 
1,744 51 
1,155 42 

41 3< 
544 84 

4,674 78 
200 00 
688 73 
362 53 
979 42 
721 34 

1,477 66 
378 78 

1,593 75 

2,925 26 
534 43 
565 34 
649 30 
662 17 
321 16 
617 04 

1,262 99 
557 60 
494 90 
445 79 
488 65 
964 01 

1,788 66 

1,771 65 
12,044 25 


•? c. 
1,349 29 




7 


1 

1 


246 41 
819 70 
579 07 






103 67 










4 


1 

1 


280 44 


1 




1 




358 47 
172 46 
214 29 








1 

1 
3 
2 

5 

1 

7 






131 23 












265 71 


i 


1 

2 
3 


.... ^ 

""2 

5 


571 40 
617 25 






1 

1 


617 73 


1 




662 21 
281 65 
638 93 




2 




47i 65 


215 32 
447 91 










2,118 60 
434 72 
765 92 
926 14 

1,492 07 

'""1,473 96 

1,020 86 

769 59 

528 99 

823 33 

""1^082 66 

661 54 

1,468 85 

3,734 79 

2,675 09 

168 00 

2,722 10 

968 66 


655 96 





i 








3 


157 89 
390 88 




2 






" 1 
1 




i 




280 50 




" 1 




.... ^ 

1 
2 
1 




305 05 
270 03 
229 89 






1 




2 

1 
2 

1 


75 01 
507 86 
303 39 


2 




"1 


4 
2 
2 

1 

.... ^ 

" 3 

9 

4 


6 
2 

1 


224 62 

155 95 
798 68 




""3 


"1 
2 


521 72 

448 68 




"" 4 

1 

" 2 


4 
1 


534 55 


1 




249 14 

922 94 

110 01 

99 43 


1 

2 
1 




1,193 68 
2,235 01 


517 25 
212 90 
264 38 






2,521 50 










14 


7 


11 


62 


40 


28 


1,500,417 36 


207,747 74 


52,758 01 


55,216 79 


19,330 85 



11 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No 31) 



A. 189^ 



Appendix A — Oontaining in tabulated form Statistics as returned by the 





m 

o 
O 


_o 

■> 

5 
s 

o 


Amount realized by actual Sales under Execution. 


Counties or districts. 


Against goods. 


Against lands. 


3 


B 




H. C. J. 


0.0. 


H. C. J. 


CO. 


.2 




Algoma 


S c. 

116 SO 

120 33 

32 77 

31 85 

113 14 


S c. 


•S c 


S c. 

579 72 


S c. 


$ c. 


Brant 


266 00 
132 25 
630 00 


















Carleton 


183 75 






73 00 


Dufferin . . 








Elgin 


26'6o 
250 00 




""22500 




86 66 




66 35 






Grey '. 










Haldimand 


42 29 

25 49 
171 27 

22 56 
167 51 
162 91 

19 55 


39 60 
182 87 
GOl 01 

25 00 

"2,288' 34 
250 00 










Halton 












569 92 
147 00 








Huron 


105 00 






Kent • 


14 00 




90 00 


Ijambton 




19 67 




72 8& 










Leeds and GrenviUe 


37 75 

80 00 

250 00 









Ijennox and Addington 


25 96 







1 


L/incoln 


821 00 
348 17 


132 50 






296 19 

9 61 

37 74 

94 57 

165 00 


150 00 
400 00 




Muskoka 




1. 


Nipissinpf 


2 00 


1 

1 


Norfolk 


1,750 01 
" 25 00 






50 00 




73'80 

239 67 
506 44 
298 64 
132 55 

""245 20 

"'66'66 
206 00 


35 10 






Ontario 


i 


Oxford 


140 21 
16 21 
52 22 
32 96 
90 44 




560 00 










Peel 






15 00 


Perth .... 






1 


Peterborough 


17666 
185 75 
261 15 
196 00 




::::::::::i;:: :;:::; 








Prince Edward 


58 05 
40 61 


285 00 


171 66 

1 






1 263 00 




163 04 




416 00 


60 00 




843 67 






1 




12 96 
259 32 




750 00 














501 00 
1,004 21 






1 


Welland . . 










1 95 00 


W ntworth 


47 84 
190 24 


188 75 


500 00 
173 40 


230 oa 






York 








2,708 40 






1,381 82 
















1 


3,222 89 


1 


Totals 


2,825 99 


11,612 85 


3,233 47 


1,110 50 


3,908 28 







12 



62 Victoria 



Sessional Papers (No. 31). 



A 1899 



diflferent Sherifls for the year ending Slat December, 1898. — Concluded. 



Amount realized on Executions without 
Sales. 


Amount received for Fines, 
Penalties, etc. 


Amount realized under Writs 
of Ca. Sa. 


H. 0. J. 


0. C. 


Div. C. 


H. C. J. 


0. c. 


H. C. J. 


0. 0. 


$ c. 


S c. 


$ c. 


$ c. 


$ c. 


S c. 


S c. 


414 43 


504 50 
532 25 
701 87 
312 40 
148 40 
2,176 89 
276 39 
382 97 












100 00 


274 03 
202 11 










3,691 45 
20 00 


















473 95 


195 36 

1,263 72 

95 00 

222 56 










1.143 37 
3,853 47 




50 00 












724 76 




65 00 




165 00 


450 00 








737 00 


17 30 
467 16 

427 on 

1,104 01 

539 25 

180 00 

770 11 

95 17 

2,098 29 
533 79 


596 ii 
415 82 

35'66 

243 95 










225 47 










1,213 77 
140 13 










195 00 


















552 32 


53 13 




















1,881 00 
780 86 












332 74 
75 00 


55 00 








188 94 




























1,261 40 
176 29 


396 11 




















27 13 


69 b<^ 
419 58 
























672 89 




1 










553 80 


293 65 

58 22 

573 74 












4,654 28 




























25 00 






33 80 


1,175 88 


















817 59 


175 60 72 13 


5 00 






300 00 


674 88 148 47 




52 00 


33 14 


1,072 66 


626 57 
145 88 












112 69 
79 50 
78 07 
1 














70 00 






878 84 








55 38 




1 








233 25 


271 6o| 66 50 










899 13 
1,605 15 


1 258 56 84 73 
' 655 32 


t 200 00 


66 50 














29,889 37 16,962 30 4,760 89 


450 00 

1 


281 50 


52 00 


198 14 



13 



i'yl Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 3r 



A. 1^9^ 



Appendix B. — Being a Return of Business transacted by Looal Masters throagho ut 





Number of Orders made for the 
fojlowing imposes. 


[3 
'3 

<D 


Counties or districts. 


<D 
"S 

0/ 

"o 

a 

1 

'S 

a 

eS 

u 
O 

(1) 


^ For partition or sale of pro- 
— perty. 


-j5 Respecting infants, under R S.O. 
^ 0. 137, ». 3. (Examination only). 


±. Under Winding-up Acts. 


m 

.a 
S 

J3 

o 

a 

W 

"i 
a 

i 

•2 

o 
ki 

O 
(5) 


-5; Number of examinations taken as S 
^ Examiner or otherwise before tria 






Brant 


1 


2 






12 

1 

108 

11 










20 


Carleton 


2 
1 
1 
3 


1 






54 


Dufferin 






1 


Elgin 


2 

2 
2 

1 






21 








19 








2 
55 


9 




1 






52 








1 












4 
68 

3 
10 

17 






2 








38 




1 
3 
1 








Kent 


i 






1 

4 




1 








1 




2 


7 






13 
2 
4 


2 




5 




2 


3 

1 






8 


IVIiddlesex 






53 




























Norfolk 










1 

13 

7 




Northumberland and Durham 


1 
1 
1 








2 












O\ford 








19 


P^pI 








27 




Perth 














6 








68 

6 

3 

7 

26 

57 




Prescott and Ruesell 












2 








3 
















4 
2 






16 


Stormont. Dundas and Glengarry 

Thunder Bay and Rainy River 


2 










1 




























1 


Wflland . . 




1 








1 


Wellington 


5 
3 

38 






49 
40 



614 


35 


1 
34 












1 




Totals 


366 







14 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papfirs (No. 31). 



A. 1899 



the Province of Ontario, daring tha year ending Slat December, 1898. 



Number of Judgments or Orders brouefht into Master's Office for taking the 
following accounts, etc. 



J 

"o 

a 
o 
'S 

2 

.2 

s 
a 
< 

(T) 


0) 

1.1 

!1 

u a 

t- <r> 

s> o 

0) o 

li 
II 

(8) 


a 

o 

bl 

o 

p 

S3 

3P 
bi 

o 

a 

"o 

QJ 
l-i 

3 

IC 

_o 
"3 

o 
Ph 

(9) 


O 

(U 
tD 
03 
bO 

bi 

o 

a 

a 

o 

a 
_o 

ft . 

P5 

(10) 


"P Sale under mortgage or agree- 
^— ment. 


._- Account ou any charge or lien on 
^ any land, other than mechanics' 
liens. 


f Account under Mechanics' Lien 
" Act. 


m 
u 

a 

a 

u 

o 
bi 

aj 
P< 

o 
tg 
'3 

rn 

(14) 


a 

3 

o 

o 
o 

OS 

.& 

la 

u 

a> 
fl 

M 

c« 

(15) 


fl 
o 

a 

(16) 


OS 

s 

fl 
_o 

(.1 

«s 
^1 

(17) 


g Damages for breach of contract or 
-^ covenant. 






2 
6 








i' 


4 


1 

i" 


















1 
2 












1 

1 


3 


11 




1 




1 

1 


1 
1 


1 


i' 


2 

4 

10 




2 
4 

1 
7 
S 


2 










8 


1 








3 
2 




1 










1 






























2 
























4 


2 
6 


1 
1 




6 


1 






1 










i 




1 


















3 




1 
















1 


1 




1 


i 


3 
4 
1 




3 
1 
1 
2 




1 














1 


8 














2 




2 
6 








3 




1 






1 




































1 




































1 


i' 


3 

2 


i' 


1 








1 












1 










5 




1 








i 








4 
1 
5 
2 
2 
1 
4 
3 










1 






3 


i' 




5 














6 
















1 




















4 


1 


















1 


1 


1 














3 






1 




1 

1 




2 


1 


2 


4 












































3 




1 
















1 






2 




1 


1 






5 


2 


2 
10 


5 


1 

5 

50 




3 
1 

t 
30 




S 


1 
13 


2 

19 








1 






7 


4 




52 


17 


87 


3 



15 



13 J Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 31). 



A. J 899 



Appendix B. — Being a Return of Business transacted by Local 





Number of Judgments 






T) 




y. 
















a> 












2 




«-. 












> 




o 


§ 










^3 
















cS 




^ 


3 








aj 


TJ 


> 


IS 


fl 




te 


County or district. 


a 
o 


e3 


"3 

■a 


!0" 


0) 

CO 




e 




O 


T3 


■a 


o 


-O 




a 




SI 


> 


a 


a 


a 




e 




<a 








cS 
























T3 


O 


T3 


fe «? 


«*-l 


» 


*3 




a 


P^ m 


00 


m be 


^__ 




tic 

a 




o 




-a 

o 
o 
O 


Pi 


C 
o 


"a 


.1 
"3 




fl9) 


(20) 


(21) 


(22) 


(23) 


(24) 


(25) 



















Brant . . • 






. ..1 










Bruce 

































Dufferin'j 
















Elgin 















































































































2 


















j^ent 


















1 















Lanark 
















































Lincoln 




















2 








2 


































































2 


















Oxford 
















Peel 










i 






Perth 














1 




































































1 


















' 












































Waterloo 

Welland 


2 
























, , 


, 
















2 


Wentworbh 














1 2 


Totals 


4 


2 









2 


1 

i 

9 















16 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No 31) 



A. 1899 



Masters throughout the Province of Ontario, etc. — Concluded. 



or Ordeis, etc. 


-73 
O) 

3 
f 

,2, 

m 
"o 

OQ 

a 

a> 

B 

£ 
> 

'0 
<a 

a 

3 
IZi 

(28) 


to 

m 
u 

a 

c 

s 

3 

(29) 

2 

9 

2 

27 

2 

15 

14 

16 

6 

5 

"'12' 

12 

3 

4 

8 

22 

2 

11 

4 


-S 
1s 

-a 

* 

bo 

_a 

s 
u 

a 
£ 

(P 
kl 

° (1 

J£ 

3 o 
(30) 

1 
4 
3 
9 

'i, 

9 
9 
4 
2 
5 

ii 

7 

3 

2 
4 
1 
5 
11 


es 

>> 

03 
CJ 

"0 

JO 

iS 

CM 


>4 

1 

3 

(31) 

2 

6 

3 

26 

2 

J4 

12 

21 

18 

5 

2 

10 

13 

12 

3 

7 

18 

2 

1 

6 


6 

u 
-o 

u 

<o 
■o 

a 

3 

"2 

i) 
"3 

1. 
^1 

N! to 
53 ^ 

"S 

1-2 
a -w 

(32) 
$ c. 

" 53^883 13 

3,900 10 

7,100 00 

10.800 00 

960 00 

6,560 00 

4,550 00 

15,000 00 

44,275 00 

11,050 00 

750 00 

12, 335 00 
16,965 00 

14,450" 00 
5,000 00 


T3 
1) 
X 

^ . 

s.i 

is 

a u 

wT3 

l§ 

" u 
<« 

^ ^- 

■a.2 

« tc 

ss 

(33) 

•S c. 

142 85 
454 16 
280 00 
2,231 01 
340 96 
752 12 

809 54 

810 78 
685 77 
127 18 


w Amount of commission allowed in admin- 
./.. ^ istration and partition matters. 




3 Lunacy. 




a 

% 

i 

(27) 


u 

.a 
-a 

a; 

a 

5* 



a 
3 

S 
<i 

(35) 

8 c. 

56 9a 
138 40 

75 30 
2,029 30 

85 82 
913 31 
603 75 
353 97 
402 71 
.S30 lift 




115 00 

786'66 

i33"75 

379 00 
123 00 
373 14 
135 00 


3' 


2 

5 
3 


s" 

2 
2 
6 
1 
3 
5 

6 

5 
3 


:::::::' :::::;:: 


86 10 




6 


969 91 
1,018 49 

"'" 823'95 

604 29 

1,145 48 

160 49 

32 38 

520 60 


105 CO 
750 00 
112 50 
16 60 
243 25 
995 27 


1,206 30 
340 28 

72 64 
207 65 
118 81 
661 31 

97 .SO 














3 

1 

5 




10 

1 




937 08 


966 68 
1,044 90 


1 


1 










1 

4 

1 
5 

4" 

?, 
2 
2 
1 
5 
11 
1 










13 50 

1 80 
510 57 
139 33 

887 74 
TOO 25 














284 00 

181 25 
1,754 75 


1 


1 


2 
3 
2 


12 
3 
6 
4 

11 

12 
3 
6 
5 
9 

10 


14 

8 
8 
4 
9 
7 
2 
7 
5- 
16 
11 
1 


4,920 00 
45 00 


1,002 14 
181 00 
589 26 
530 22 

1,401 62 
554 85 
134 48 
664 65 
436 24 

1,583 26 

1,329 61 
83 84 
















6 
3 
1 
2 
1 
3 
6 


16.093 64 

3,528 75 

683 95 

10,539 00 

900 no 

9,444 00 
10,445 00 


50 00 
325 00 

58 75 
332 90 


1 834 90 
426 90 

58 07 
269 20 

57 36 
229 60 
352 38 

16 00 










1 




367 36 














1 


1 


I 

I 

94 


5 
7 

27 
34 

330 


2 

1 

2 

11 

148; 


5 
29 
25 
40 

374 




478 66 

927 18 
2,310 91 
3,587 67 




169 40 




37,700 00 
14,325 00 
15,395 00 


283 00 

1,990 82 

381 CO 


123 90 
1,484 52 

1 697 .'& 


3' 


3 
3 

35 


10 


331,-597 57 


27,605 44 


11,218 42 


1 

16,184 88 



'1 L.O. 



17 



62Victoria. 



Sessional Papers { Xo. 3 1 ). 



A 1809 



Appendix C. — A return of all business transacted by Local Registrars, Deputy- 



Counties or Districte. 



Alpfoma 

Brant 

Bruce 

Carleton 

Duif erin 

Elgin 

Essex 

Frontenac 

Grey 

Haldimand . . 

Halton 

Hastings 

Huron 

Kent 

Lambton 

Lanark 

Leeds and Grenville 

Lennox and Addington 

Lincoln 

Middlesex 

Muskoka 

Nipissing 

Norfolk 

Northumberland and Durham , . . 

Ontario 

Oxford. .. 

Parry Sound 

Peel 

Perth 

Peterborough 

Prescntt and Russell 

Prince Edward 

Rainy River 

Renfrew 

Simcoe 

Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry. 

Thunder Bay 

Victoria 

Waterloo 

Welland 

Wellingt'm 

Wentworth 



31 

42 

P6 

270 

.S3 

114 

112 

86 

62 

24 

11 

116 

74 

73 

72 

73 

55 

39 

69 

285 

14 

24 

31 

76 

34 

87 

7 

24 

110 

107 

15 

40 

78 

51 

106 

116 

11 

26 

68 

51 

87 

233 



Totals I 3,103 



U 
'^ 



33 
32 
.'SI 
238 
25 
90 
107 
75 
59 
16 
6 
94 
67 
61 
66 
48 
45 
28 
69 
191 
12 
17 
23 
46 
33 
78 
10 
?8 
90 
77 
16 
30 
78 
49 
90 
83 
15 
15 
43 
45 
61 
222 



6 

2 

8 

13 

10 

6 

12 

4 

3 

3 

7 

11 
9 
3 
1 
2 
9 
3 

12 
2 
1 
4 
4 
3 

11 
1 
2 

19 
9 

3 
1 
5 
7 
5 
1 
3 
3 
9 
9 
8 



12 2,561 



10 

22 

i40 

6 

44 

29 

26 

21 

7 

7 

85 

37 

38 

21 

19 

3 

15 

30 

116 

11 

6 

15 

26 

13 

30 

5 

16 

70 

28 

5 

64 

42 

13 

38 

51 

15 

7 

12 

28 

43 

130 






s ? 



26 
29 
25 
94 

54 
71 
42 

5 
10 

5 
50 
39 
36 
21 
42 

3 

10 

17 

115 

4 
11 

9 
18 

3 
30 

25 
59 

I 
11 

9 
25 
50 
25 
42 
12 

4 
23 
34 

2 
62 



234 



1,344 I 1,153 



17 

47 

12 

7 

13 

21 

15 

36 

1 

9 

4 

22 

13 
52 



778 



No. of actions 

entered for 

trial. 



4 
2 
22 
82 
7 
32 
30 
16 



1 
4 
8 

18 
2 
7 

14 
2 

16 
3 
3 

12 
3 
7 
5 
6 
6 
4 

12 

17 
1 
3 
3 
4 
4 



7 

3 

10 

2 

4 

6 

10 

12 

16 

"5 
5 
2 
7 

36 



298 



9 

53 

6 

8 

25 

12 

6 

6 

3 

44 

22 

17 

25 

10 

4 

4 

8 

44 
1 
7 
3 

IS 
5 

15 
2 
8 

24 
7 
4 
4 

19 

11 

'20 

12 
6 
1 
7 

10 

12 

47 



II 



7 

13 

10 

88 

4 

25 

45 

35 

ft 

3 

5 

20 

10 

14 

10 

21 

27 

4 

26 

62 

1 

15 

4 

15 

18 

13 

3 

8 

19 

27 
6 

13 

14 

15 

14 

28 
2 
7 

16 

11 

26 

62 



559 18 772 



^2 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 31). 



A. 1^99 



Kegistrars, and Deputy Clerks of the Orown, for the year ending Slat Dec. 1898. 



co.sts. 




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229 40 


61 64 

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33,190 22 


370 58 


1 




3,487 24 


263 06 
4,953 23 


62 93 
1,695 62 


12 
43 


4,655 33 
44,166 92 


900 91 
7,567 48 


469 16 
3,230 49 






112,935 40 


1 


5 


4,694 42 


62 95 


15 80 


1 


475 00 










26,820 36 


736 76 
1,409 00 


196 61 
342 23 


17 
23 


7,323 56 
5,139 65 


1,821 00 
2.671 14 


794 48 
1,317 75 






24,278 99 




1 


41,805 39 


• 905 11 


24H 65 


6 


1,342 00 


758 50 


417 51 




1 


8,P88 12 


168 50 


273 74 


6 


.5,586 80 


422 51 


213 46 




2 


521 72 


304 08 
244 00 

408 63 


16T 63 

138 16 

84 71 


3 

2 

24 


6,314 71 

500 00 

1,234 00 


271 16 

92 76 

1,303 74 


101 16 






4,718 45 






20,091 90 


.585 11 






8,350 48 


394 88 
419 17 
222 05 

827 98 


138 41 

165 S7 

48 76 

279 54 


9 
10 
13 

1 


1,130 97 

6,358 92 

5,712 57 

10,000 00 


447 39 
1,369 39 
1,758 36 

202 93 


268 29 

799 25 

821 72 

61 50 






8,609 79 






10,292 67 






25,155 52 




1 


17,181 .32 


389 15 


114 80 


4 


393 45 


494 50 


293 15 




1 


3,847 93 


180 99 
984 97 


52 28 
240 65 


5 
6 


656 07 
6,777 84 


791 30 
1,227 ."8 


393 64 
404 19 






59,590 06 


2 


2 


36,562 53 


1,433 05 


447 53 


24 


8,000 .S2 


3,923 83 


1,904 93 




2 


976 05 


.21 57 
407 11 


4 87 
100 63 


1 
2 

3 


1,310 09 
" ' 500 00 


200 00 

'" 226 72' 








5,778 64 








8,985 27 


120 73 




1 


24,938 93 


453 02 


87 88 


6 


2,342 00 


1,570 81 


755 53 




1 


16,023 36 


326 82 


114 92 


2 


142 85 


10 00 








21,935 86 


261 11 


55 51 


17 


14,253 17 


2,063 04 


825 76 




2 


1,531 09 


156 44 
403 63 


37 21 
123 58 














8,5^8 34 


io 


3,089 9i 


631 76 


176 70 




1 


2,874 72 


273 15 
844 95 


90 30 
224 50 


21 
11 


7,28,S 86 
13,848 64 


1,557 40 
1,482 68 


780 76 
689 13 






24,839 45 




1 


1,000 45 


100 65 


318 59 


4 
2 


1,000 00 


342 47 


247 95 






14,9''0 4M 






12,933 29 


351 06 
715 57 
:'96 03 


82 35 
209 24 
117 93 


5 

7 

12 


5,528 40 

2,554 47 

16,401 49 


646 87 
569 23 

1.588 01 


247 86 
396 40 
720 77 






10,843 46 






10.257 31 




1 


28,963 96 


498 67 


157 32 


12 


4,610 73 


1,341 14 


553 85 




1 


5.596 60 


54 28 


]5 28 


5 


1,075 22 


538 45 


263 47 




1 


3,213 15 


215 00 
919 64 


42 52 
264 55 


1 
5 


1,0C0 00 


123 00 

738 83 


67 11 
365 76 






42,537 45 




3 


2l,S07 ■'6 


148 61 


52 66 


5 


3.026 16 


471 24 


299 94 




2 


10,5?3 76 


408 59 


114 03 


6 


2,000 00 


685 83 


205 51 






89,247 98 


2,461 23 


582 40 


30 


16,224 87 


2,899 97 


1,205 15 


1 


2 


822,374 87 


24,090 87 


7,621 68 


381 


212,415 72 


44,613 67 


20,368 74 


5 


31 



19 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 31). 



A. 1899 



Appendix C — A return of all business transacted by Local Registrars. Deputy- Registrars^ 





o 


















g 










X 


y. 


X 














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£ 




CB 


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Counties or Districts. 




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Brant 


3 


1 


8 


1 


4 




1 


11 


Bruce 


I 
13 

1 
5 


2 

18 
1 

7 


3 

28 

is' 


3 

32 

3 

17 


'24' 
1 

5 


12' 


8 


9 


Carletbn 


35 




3 


Elgin 






2» 


Essex 


2 


2 


5 


12 


16 






20 




2 


9 


9 


8 


13 






16 








4 


13 


4 






7 






i 


1 
1 


4 
4 


2 
1 


1 




1 




2 


5 




3 


4 


4 


11 


12 






19 




1 
3 
2 


1 
2 
4 


4 

4 

10 


13 
4 
3 


3 
3 
4 






10 


Kent 


18 




4 




3 
2 


5 
2 


7 
7 


6 
1 


5 
18 






16 








6 


Lennox and Addington . . . 


1 


1 


2 


5 


2 






4 


5 
4 


6 
6 
1 
1 


6 
17 

1 
6 


6 
19 


1 
3 






16 








39 








1 






2 


1 




1 


4 


Norfolk 

Northumberland and Durham 


1 






5 








2 


4 


6 


2 


5 


3 






10 




3 


8 
7 


8 
7 


I 




5 


14 


Oxf orH 


5 


8 






i 


1 










2 


Peel 




1 
2 


7 
5 


5 
30 


3 
2 




2 


8 


Perth 


i 


21 




6 


9 


10 


4 


3 


ii 


12 


23 


Prescott and Russell 


1 




1 


8 








3 


Prince Edward 


3 


2 


4 


1 


5 






& 


2 
2 


4 
3 


9 
6 


4 
4 








10 


Renfrew 








9 




I 
5 


2 

2 


4 
10 


5 
10 


5 
9 


2 


1 


7 


Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry . . 
Thunder Bay 


14 




1 


1 


2 


1 






8 


4 


1 
5 


2 
3 


3 

1 


1 
13 






6 


WaterJoo 

Wellaiid 






9 


3 


1 


3 


5 


2 




1 


10 






5 
17 


5 
17 


3 
27 


11 
34 






10 


Wentworth 


9 




1 


62 


Totals 


100 


139 


2J7 


306 


221 


26 


36 


508 



20 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 31). 



A. 1899 



and Deputy Clerks of the Crown, for the year ending 31st Dec. 1898. 



-ConnJ, id-d. 



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18 00 

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36 00 

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12 00 

12 00 

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184 00 
870 05 
964 56 
120 40 
474 30 
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467 30 
372 85 
104 50 
74 50 
181 60 
277 40 

3.57 00 

355 40 
265 30 
294 P5 
196 40 
189 00 
453 90 

55 80 
119 45 
100 60 
256 65 
168 20 
249 80 

58 30 
205 20 
571 90 
514 60 

76 70 
255 60 
296 55 
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4,942 98 


























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17 
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75 60 

50 00 

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9 

173 




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19,104 75 


70 00 

1 


1 


1,757 16 








1 



21 



ictoi'ia. 



Sessional Papers (No. 31). 



A. 1899 



Appendix D. — Being a return of business transacted by Oounty Court Clerks 





" .= 
















^ 




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Brant 


33 




1 
24 




13 





3 


2 


13 


41 




36 1 


6 


14 


3 


5 


2 


17 


Bruce 


32 


1 


24 2 


11 


27 


1 


4 


4 8 


Carleton 


115 




92 ... . 


33 


43 


25 


8 


12 50 


Dufferin 


15 


1 


7 1 


1 


4 


4 


1 


1 3 


Elgin 


50 




46 .... 


14 


24 


22 


6 


10 14 


Essex 


40 


1 


33 ... . 


11 


43 


6 


1 


7 15 


Erontenac 


26 
30 




2-r> ... 

27, 2 


6 
11 


17 
2 


7 


1 
6 


2 19 


Grey 


.'i 4 




8 




6 .... 




5 




1 


1 2 


Halton 


11 


.... 



lol.... 


3 


4 






1 2 


Hastings 


58 




361.... 


18 


25 


6 


3 


1 


9 


Huron 


33 
32 




35. 2 
24 ... . 


22 
4 


31 
19 


16 


7 


8 
2 


16 


Kent 


17 


Lambton 


22 


1 


21 1 


8 


6 


16 


3 


4 


6 


Lanark 


23 




10 .... 


4 


3 


2 


1 


1 


1 


Leeds and Grenville 


41 
21 
33 


i 


30 
16 
24 


"i 


2 
6 
5 


5 

9 

16 


5 
6 
3 


3 
1 


2 
2 
3 


18 


Lennox and Addington 


9 


Lincoln 


13 


Manitoulin 


20 




21 


1 


16 


23 


9 


2 


6 


6 


Middlesex 


134 
5 


3 


89 ... . 

5] 


28 
2 


36 
12 


10 
3 


7 


10 
4 


41 


Muskoka 


1 


Nipissing 


14 




8'.... 


2 


11 


2 


3 


1 


7 




2 




1 




4 










Northumberland and Durham 


36 




14 ... . 


12 


21 


8 


2 


6 


8 




28 




24 - 




16 


2 


2 




9 


Oxford . . 


41 


a 


31 




17 


27 


4 


5 


5 


12 




4 




3 














2 


Peel 


20 
30 




13 

27 


"2 


13 
14 


34 
18 


5 
14 


5 
10 


1 

2 


3 


Perth 


10 


Peterborough 


38 




24 




9 


6 


4 


5 


3 


11 


Prescott and Russell 


10 




10 




6 


8 


2 




2 


7 


Prince Edward 


8 
50 
42 




8 
47 
31 


" 1 
1 


9 

20 

2 


2 
22 
28 


2 
6 
2 


1 
3 
1 


1 

10 

3 


1 


Rainy River 


18 


Renfrew 


17 


Simcoe 


52 




42 




19 




13 


6 


2 


20 


Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry 


41 




24'.... 


12 


21 


1 




4 


14 


Thunder Bay 


32 




27 ... . 


7 


41 


7 




J 


10 


Victoria 


31 




31 ... . 


6 


10 


3 


3 




6 




35 




26 ... . 


• 11 


17 


7 


1 


b 


« 


Welland 


20 




16 ... . 


7 


6 


4 


2 


3 


7 




47 




39 1 


5 


23 


2 


1 


3 


21 


Wentworth 


118 


1 


89 ... . 


36 


52 


4 


17 


V 


47 


York 


747 


2 


551 .... 

1 


209 


385 


43 


44 


152 


206 


Totals 


2,269 


15 


1,727 16 


627 


1,132 


284 


174 


301 


727 




1 


1 





22 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 31). 



A. 1899 



throughout the Province of Ontario daring the year ending 31st December, 1898. 



e J5 



4,695 661 

2,095 73 

2,525 22| 

13,211 66 

240 82 
4,191 52 
3,914 ^8 
3,045 06 
1,165 88 

479 02 

269 50 
1,640 5.3 
3,900 51 
5,522 66 
1,631 75 

223 OT 
4,185 67 
2,164 98 
3,729 58 
1,088 36 
9,193 25 

295 21 
1,479 77 



1,854 74 
2,515 81 
2,710 98 
382 69 
1,367 39 
3,189 48 
2,640 84 
1,899 30 



4,535 45 
4,241 62 
6,301 90 
2,591 36 
4,388 32 
2,025 28 
2,216 67 
1,932 09 
4,796 35 
10.388 41 
55,133 66 









c3 


c 
2 


■5 




<ri 


i-> 


'O 






XI 




CO 


<o 






P 


a 






u^ 


5 




c 




« 


a 


S 


£10 


c 


-a 


ci 


^ 



285 74 

123 16 

119 38 

839 53 

18 45 

260 61 

204 54 

147 56 

81 51 

44 82 

38 10 

211 53 

400 45 

368 22 

100 06 

34 44 

293 11 

172 56 

266 23 

150 45 

927 68 

41 59 

136 60 



_T3 



212 52 
132 31 
348 69 
43 59 
47 36 
178 75 
314 65 
107 71 



S c. 

70 72 

29 99 
36 83 

213 65 

4 72 

74 88 

73 31 

83 08 
54 44 

12 67 
17 93 
38 59 

136 22 
97 79 
26 00 

13 87 

84 53 
52 66 
67 03 

30 83 
270 89 

15 85 
42 70 



20 50 
47 52 

159 09 
14 30 
14 76 
42 91 

106 34 
35 65 






S c. 
1,340 98 



O 



,^3 






257 00 
1,251 30 

159 00 
1,065 76 

832 81 

410 00 

1,275 29 

38 00 



517 86 



299 16 
337 99 
372 19 
169 23 
298 91 
116 47 
152 22 
120 34 
561 93 
744 85 
3,581 .35 



57 48 

121 00 

106 21 

64 32 

78 11 

38 60 

45 14 

40 32 

108 74 

207 61 

768 66 



389 30 
3S6 37 
799 04 
301 59 
176 .33 
106 00 
80 00 



503 19 

581 85 



207 00 



90 00 

269 67 

75 00 



578 08 
446 60 
164 00 



739 06 
504 58 

33 35 
410 72 
340 14 
182 77 
152 11 

56 52 
123 35 
661 10 
498 54 
800 81 
430 42 
354 08 
258 S9 

17 34 

763 '92 
424 10 

219 00 



201 31 



288 44 

276 55 

10 71 

185 66 

291 89 

84 73 

22 56 

17 49 

58 06 

246 28 

302 12 

452 59 

233 17 

192 33 

142 44 

17 34 

41211 
116 61 

142 10 



90 14| 
118 52 



58 59 
102 72 



556 €0 
1,219 82 
2,248 00 



301 30 
475 15 I 
107 86' 



71 08 

221 20 

50 00 



254 99; 

"l27'64' 

215 61 I 

159 75 

1,204 70 

4,463 44 



328 83 
341 18 
221 86 
137 45 
150 20 
184 51 
131 10 
55 611 
101 31 I 
166 30 1 
978 18 
4,625 17 



186,002 56 13,406 54 3,626 44 182 22,203 51 16,003 93 6,638 07 909 650 6 15 26,597 40 



179 09 

128 58 

107 45 

44 57 

60 51 

102 46 

75 00 

10 42 

113 72 

88 58 

497 81 

1,031 70 



I H^ 



9 
11 

14 
2 

7 

13 

12 

7 

3 

23 

19 

22 

15 

12 

7 

9 

9 

22 

55 

265 



O 

















c 










T3 

S 

00 














<D 


Q 


-o 


«0 


a 




s 


JS 


(£ 


c-i 


0) 








« 


o 


u 




tn 


•s 




jS 


O-w- 






© 


b<j 




;-i <4-i 




<U <c 


Si 





3 

10 

16 

3 

2 

16 

3 

13 

15 

101 

41 

4 

4 

14 

43 

193 






195 20 



310 00 



256 24 



2 3,645 76 



1 394 9& 



238 5^ 
27 47 



21,529 IS 



23 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 31 



A, 1899 



Appendix D. — Being a return of business transacted by County Court Clerks throughout 



Counties or Districts. 


si 

3/ 
T! 
S 

i 

a; 

■s 

CO 

o 

c 

43 
S 
S 

o 
C 

< 


■& 

u 

p 

o 

o 

o 
a 

'3 

a. 

>. 

3> 

a 
o 
g 

■^ o 
§1 
S-o 
< 


1 

ts 
■* 

>, 

a 
o 

a 

"o 

r^ 
3 
C 

s 


bo 
a 

oo 

>, 

a 


a 


? 
be 
"O 

a 

1-5 

1 

no 

>> 

(S 
TJ 

u 


3 

6 

be 

1 

'3 

1 
"o 

u 

0) 

Xi 

s 

a 
"ic 

7 
7 
6 

22 
4 

9n 


>> 

a 
a 

, 6 

■3 

1 

>. 

5 

-« 5 

V- 

a b 
<! 

S c. 

4 50 
7 60 

6 00 
13 50 

1 50 

7 50 

i 50 
9 00 
1 50 


£ 

e 

■§ 

S 

a 


t 

h 

a 
3 


0) 

a 
1 

JS 

■0 
a 
•0 
1 

a 
c 

a 



a 


Algoma 


S c. 


$ c. 


S c. 




« c. 


Brant 










" 


' "i 




Bruce 




70 00 
125 00 


70 00 








Carleton 




8 


14 




Dufiff^rin 




1 




Elgin 




250 50 
540 73 
200 00 










Essex . .■ , 


13 80 


7 




Frontenac 




4 

13 

2 

3 

12 

15 

5 

8 

2 

5 

4 

3 

6 

15 




Grey i 




Haldimand 

Halton 






250 '66 
18 75 

5i'86 


1 

"9 


1 






Hastings 


9 98 


250 00 
18 75 

5i'80 
30 00 


4 50 






Huron 


7 50 

"4 50 
I 50 
4 50 
1 60 

10 50 
3 00 


'i 


109 74 


Kent 






Lambton 


22 01 




Lianark 








Leeds and Grenville 


14 35 










Lennox and Addington 










Lincoln 






104 00 








Manitoulin 












Middlesex 


268 88 


270 83 
50 00 










Muskoka 












Nipissing 










4 






Norfolk 
















Northumberland and Durham 








7 


2 


9 
3 
9 

13 

15 

6 

6 

1 

10 
4 
9 
7 
1 
5 
6 
5 
6 
13 
81 

386 


3 00 

3 00 
7 00 

"750 

15 00 

7 50 

'■i'56 

1 50 
12 00 

4 50 
1 50 
3 00 
1 50 

25 50 
66 00 

250 00 






Ontario 


9 85 


116 37 


116 37 




Oxford 










Parry Sound 














Peel 














Perth 




270 50 


140 74 










Peterborough 


""i2'76 
4 20 






Prescott and Russell 

Prince Edward 


100 00 


100 00 
200 00 


■ ■ ■ 








Rainy River 










Renfrew 














Simcoe 














Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry 


























4 
1 




Victoria 






















5 


1 


1,143 46 


Weiland 








179 35 






180 00 
160 00 

727 93 










Wentworth . . 




i25 66 
1,915 58 






400 00 




25 85 






30 


18 


8 




Totals 


112 74 


3,360 46 


3,413 07 


1,832 55 









i 



24 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 31). 



A. 181^9 



the Province of Ontario during the year ending 31st December, 1898. — Concluded. 



S c. 



33 23 
685 25 



29 92 



387 48 
33 41 



2,829 51 



524 22 



1,342 81 
400 CO 



6,265 83 



be <o 



cS_fl 



go 
< 



1,929 55 
3,269 56 



286 56 

97 66 
556 93 



830 81 
3,738 60 



496 83 



51 43 



619 24 

179 35 

3,459 01 



4,394 05 



19,909 78 



U S 



"sS 



185 
216 
813 
358 
141 
448 
451 
4S3 
1,066 
142 
90 
834 
422 
817 
371 
250 
281 
142 
196 
106 
469 

' 237 
234 
393 
229 
215 



82 
156 
357 
130 
126 



257 
474 
373 
36 
335 
300 
302 
464 
468 
1,767 



15,205 



421,482 04 

115,090 21 

2,345 50 

601,316 74 

34,274 01 

154.380 31 

144,656 39 

176,681 34 

257,846 84 

36,278 54 

43,608 78 

193,753 32 

198,797 82 

156. 2C1 31 

197,491 15 

81,354 93 

79,212 34 

57,178 89 

99,836 29 

107,235 70 

133,118 96 



815,677 86 

42,451 87 

129,988 26 

101,078 41 

92,638 07 



35,364 32 

166,129 13 

815,892 85 

99,391 67 

37,697 04 



160,242 23 
185,880 67 
125,761 49 
19,818 96 
546,583 00 
210,460 24 
103,705 63 
236,388 80 
144,738 90 
631,231 00 



7,983,261 81 



15 
162 
395 
337 
136 
153 
175 
226 



39 

58 
299 
189 
429 
216 

87 
195 
136 
149 

28 
330 



56 

98 

335 

202 

142 



92 

108 

159 

72 

92 



3 
7 

27 
2 

10 
5 
5 
4 
4 
3 

15 

13 
9 

15 
2 

12 
8 
5 
2 



145 
305 
141 
20 
119 
142 
100 
182 
373 
902 



75 39 



340 



tf 



5^3 
u " 



490 



rtg< 



II 



66 

90 

66 

28 

173 

133 

149 

73 

14 

16 

90 

19 

1,023 

97 

8 

21 

91 

17 

13 

150 

29 

17 

128 

60 

88 

71 



34 

136 

119 

38 

78 

71 

54 

98 

132 

1.099 



4,692 



10,101 45 
9,405 65 

10,861 66 
1,910 45 
9,337 85 
6,885 95 
7,242 00 
4,251 16 
1,221 00 
4,057 12 
5,320 73 
3,135 00 

44,231 73 
7 '024 33 
298 00 
1,428 00 
5,039 05 
6,088 00 
4,779 83 

22,058 95 
4,053 47 
4,840 25 
5,910 22 
5,108 50 
5,223 49 

10,553 95 



2,461 59 

5,445 50 

3,682 27 

590 00 



3,796 25 

15,042 85 

8,362 47 

5,511 76 

4,214 00 

11,034 98 

3,991 03 

5,526 25 

222,752 26 

108,624 00 



595.452 87 






3-9 



2.il 57 
458 15 
859 10 
l.ll'i 60 
250 45 
670 89 
640 60 
434 45 
687 75 
198 90 
153 20 
871 78 
391 05 
897 40 
538 49 
262 85 
592 38 
369 70 
410 34 
235 05 
927 60 
62 07 
220 65 
326 80 
542 95 
448 00 
650 36 
7 70 
318 33 
563 50 
343 00 
201 44 
404 75 
204 30 
465 27 
806 04 
510 10 
258 15 
314 60 
412 25 
343 45 
623 70 
1,293 40 
4,602 85 



25,017 95 



25 



62 Victor a 



Sessional Papers (No. 31). 



A 1899 



Appendix E. — Being a return of business traneacted by Surrogate Registrars 





•a 
s 

m 
1 

2 


a 
_o 

Is 
"5 

a 

< 

o 

<D 

(J 


a, 

no 

.1 

o 

m 

1-3 


-a 6 
<^' 

O 00 

m 

s *- 

eg OD 

<D a 

*!= 

11 


a 

1 

S .< 
00 "^ 

.2 c5 

cS - 

C C5 


Number of Wills proved 

or Guardianship issued 

as fol- 


Counties or districts. 




o 


8 






o 
u 

<B 

s 
3 

o 


a 


s 


Total number of 
minietration is 
59, 8. 77. 


ap5 

a 03 

11 


o 

8 

1-1 

> 

< 


o 

S 

2 


o 
in 

a 

o 

h 


o 
cT 


Algoma 

Brant 


9 


7 




5 


2 








2 


78 


32 


8 


18 


15 




1 


1 


4 


Bruce 


89 


28 


2 


20 


16 








& 


Oarleton 


123 


64 


8 


27 


17 


3 


1 


2 


11 


Dufferin 


36 


12 


3 


7 


5 










Elgin 


62 
64 


33 
35 


1 
5 


16 
17 


13 
11 






1 


2 


Essex . 








Frontenac 


50 


27 


4 


10 


6 


1 


1 


4 


3 


Grey 


87 


49 


1 


57 


28 




1 


1 


1 


Haldimand 


43 


24 


3 


11 


15 










Halton 


41 


18 


3 


9 


6 




1 




1 


Hastings 

Huron 


75 


34 


3 


21 


11 






1 


4 


126 


44 


3 


19 


16 






2 


4 


Kent 


96 


35 


3 


21 


23 






2 


2 


Lambton 


69 


46 


5 


8 


17 




1 




4 


Lanark 


36 
92 


19 
33 


1 
9 


12 
19 


6 
11 




1 


2 


3 


Leeds and Grenville 


5 


Lennox and Addinerton 


25 


12 


1 


3 


7 






1 


1 


Lincoln 


70 


23 


1 


10 


9 






I 


10 




4 

184 


3 
107 


16 


2 

36 


43 










Middlesex 




4 


8. 


Muskoka ; 


17 


4 




4 


11 












6 


5 




5 


2 










Norfolk 


41 


17 


2 


8 


7 








3. 



26 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. ol). 



A. 1899 



throughout the Province of Ontario during the year ending 3lst December, 1898. 



and Letters of Administration 
where personalty valued 
lows : 


a 

'> 

'o 
> 

0) 
>> 

"3 


-2 

'b . 

MB 

2 6 


Amount earned for — 










1 






i 

©* 

o 

o 

§ 

i 
■ £ 


§ 

€^ 

O 

o 

o 

s 

o 


© 
o 

o 

o 
o 

1 


0) 

a 
a 

eS 
O 

o 


a 
o 

u 

(S 

a 
s 
o 

"3 

1 


-as 

k 


■r. 

1 


SX 

D 
1-5 


a 

03 










$ c. 


$ c 


•>? C. 


S C. 


§ c. 


1 


6 


5 


2 


52,371 70 


33.749 00 


135 90 


98 30 


64 00 


4 


35 


29 


36 


299,631. 97 


201,055 es 


1,012 95 


575 75 


327 00 


6 


35 


34 


36 


240,823 00 


189,623 CO 


1,071 93 


301 50 


605 95 


13 


65 


48 


52 


l,0t7,648 46 


127,734 00 


1,870 96 


1,362 05 


864 30 




16 


17 


18 


45,893 86 


16,000 00 


425 65 


143 90 


104 50 


1 


38 


22 


26 


196,149 72 


120,514 50 


826 78 


362 30 


250 90 


6 


35 


22 


34 


154,599 66 


333,939 50 


854 38 


409 75 


233 50 


4 


27 


16 


21 


424,530 55 


259,232 OC 


827 06 


574 50 


308 00 


2 


47 


28 


67 


242,691 77 


170,447 00 


1,092 82 


597 25 


345 00 


2 


21 


20 


27 


83.992 01 


96,150 00 


581 75 


282 75 


134 50 


7 


19 
36 


13 
36 


21 
36 


173 009 57 
224,966 90 




612 79 
92G 75 


396 40 
429 80 


195 50 


6 


27,680 00 


709 18 


9 


70 


41 


47 


416,755 82 


40,405 00 


1,710 70 


1,019 25 


471 00 


6 


37 


33 


51 


249,701 68 


315,883 00 


997 10 


572 40 


348 60 

■ 


4 


40 


25 


41 


249,382 50 


168.003 00 


894 35 


482 75 


308 50 


3 


26 


28 


14 


122,462 00 


135,810 00 


621 44 


296 20 


219 00 


8 


43 


32 


35 


309,650 57 


38,675 00 


1,223 37 


555 75 


294 65 


2 


14 


6 


14 


83,445 01 


73,000 CO 


384 15 


180 10 


97 50 


5 


40 


11 , 


24 


332,221 60 


264,558 60 


825 23 


488 60 


349 50 




5 


2 




6 '656 00 


7,800 CO 


51 00 


24 00 


16 00 


14 


106 


65 


110 


710,186 25 


109,805 00 


2,429 90 


1,320 40 


826 50 


1 


5 


4 


11 


19,324 51 


36,072 50 


150 40 


47 50 


43 00 


1 


3 


2 


3 


13,700 39 
129,988 42 




56 25 


26 50 


24 50 


5 


14 


13 


25 


99,202 00 


618 39 


250 00 


155 50 



27 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 31). 



A .1899 



A ppENDix E. — Being a return of bnsiness transacted by Surrogate Registrars throughout 











73 O 


0) 


Number of Wills proved 






c 


D. 


coo 


Z 


or Guardianship issued 






■§ 


■-C 




"^ 




as fol- 






-1-3 


a 


So 


0} 




































.2 


73 


"SoQ 


a. Tf. 


















^« 
















< 


o 
















w 


O 


o 


ax; 






• 








OJ 






I'' 


^ d 




O 


^ 


o 


Counties or districts. 


C3 


<D 


.2 


■?Sf 






g 


8 




o 
Pui 




CD 




t^ oo 




o 

^ 1 


o 






MM 

o 


"o 


"o 


o"" 


"od 


o 


o 


s 


O 




J3 


J2 


<I> 
JO 


.S-2 


a3aj 




§ 


§ 


1 




s 


s 


a 


62E: 


Stf 




Q 


lO 


O 




3 

a 


C a. 


§-« 


C.2 cc- 


^g 


"•/> 


B 


4^ 


^ 




"* 


' CD 

o ■- 


3i 


otal 
min 
59, 


O 3 


> 

o 


s 

o 


a 

o 


a 

o 

1-t 




H 


H 


H 


H 


t^ 


< 


Ex. 


(i* 


;*■ 


Northumberland and''Di;rham . . . 

Ontario 

Oxford . 


100 


65 


a 


19 


23 







4 


7 


68 


29 


2 


. 14 


15 






1 


2 


92 

7 


32 


7 


9 
4 


15 
4 






2 


17 






Peel 


48 


16 


4 


11 


7 


1 


1 


1 


1 


Perth 

Peterborough 


109 
49 


47 
19 




26 


16 


1 1 




2 


1 


15 


11 








5 












30 


15 


1 


5 


7 










Prince Edward , 


43 


16 


3 


6 


6 






1 


3 


Rainy River 


2 


8 




5 


1 








1 










Renfrew 


35 


12 




4 


5 


1 


1 


1 


1 




1C2 
54 


49 
• 42 


4 

6 


29 

8 


26 
22 


1 


1 


3 


2 


Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry 


4 


Thunder Bay 


7 


2 




4 


1 






1 






36 
116 


24 
24 


2 
2 


8 
24 


10 

8 








2 


1 


Waterloo 


8 


Welland 

Wellington 


49 
104 


31 


2 


9 


6 








3 


46 


3 


19 


18 


2 


1 


1 


3 


Wentworth 


141 


70 


9 


34 


33 


2 


2 


5 


8 


York 


291 


217 


28 


74 


104 


4 


4 


8 


21 


Totals 


3,006 


1,465 


164 


691 


635 


16 


16 


52 




163 



28 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 81). 



A. 1899 



the Province of Ontario during the year ending 31st December, 1898. — Concluded. 



and Letters o 


f Administration 












where 


personalty valued | 




-a 

0) 


Amount earned for — 


lows : 








ti 


u 

CD 












1 






'3 
















> 


"O to 
















Hi 
T3 


















"S 


c . 








o 








a 


>. - 










o 






o 


-4J t^ 








o* 


in" 


i 




a. 


S22 








m 


m 


r-T 




., , 


o6 








o 


o 


«e 


u 


o 


n 






o 


o 


o 


TT 
p 


a 


flCC 


V 


X 




o 
o 


o 


o 


3 


o 


ip5 


JO 


V 




in 


^ 


s 


T) 


S 


S\] 


eS 


"*-' 


"6 


m 


^ 


«© 


g 


c3 


c8 0) 


a 


JC 


s 


S 


S 


S 


c9 

o 


"3 


3s 




tic 


•S'- 


o 


o 


3 




-u 




5F 


'O 


a;- 


u 


h 


U* 


•^ 


o 


o ° 


o 




c 


■ fa 


fa 


fa 


«© 


H 


H 


»3 


*-^ 


fa 










$ c. 


S c. 


$ c. 


S c. 


•S c. 


12 


60 


32 


50 


539,870 05 


327,686 00 


1,397 07 


890 75 


556 00 


5 


26 


30 


35 


179,364 88 


16,512 50 


753 90 


520 75 


237 OO 


24 


54 


9 


18 


273,860 10 


293,188 00 


1,556 75 


847 00 


360 Oa 


5 


4 
26 


4 

18 


6 
13 


9,237 55 
221,534 83 




61 63 
660 61 


24 00 
320 90 


22 00 


5 


15,255 00 


183 03 


12 


59 


35 


47 


439,426 28 


422,156 00 


1,429 50 


840 5D 


476 00 


2 


24 


12 


25 


159,021 01 


143,082 33 


531 23 


296 00 


541 18 


3 


13 


14 


16 


40,216 40 


39,968 20 


■ 343 52 


124 00 


96 00- 


9 


12 


7 


27 


165,889 94 


134,460 00 


558 47 


233 00 


174 50 




3 


5 


1 


15,103 87 


8,972 02 


76 98 


48 50 


26 00 




17 ' 


12 


11 


283,400 31 


118,667 00 


402 35 


357 25 


215 GO 


5 


49 


23 


55 


183,805 73 


39,175 00 


1,227 75 


420 50 


298 00 


5 


30 


20 


38 


436,745 10 


24,300 00 


845 25 


551 25 


360 50 


2 


1 


4 


1 


51,824 88 




70 29 


71 25 


42 00 


2 


27 


13 


17 


91,104 20 


10,550 00 


450 95 


179 95 


132 5a 


11 


51 


32 


38 


392,9-.2 55 


412,146 78 


1,017 86 


680 75 


436 OO 


2 


28 


17 


32 


143,797 65 


150,651 65 


841 03 


409 45 


205 50 


8 


71 


28 


40 


733,610 00 


289,968 00 


1,415 44 


1,194 75 


613 50 


10 


67 


37 


89 


1,025,418 91 


654,503 65 


2,252 70 


1,743 00 


848 50 


39 


167 


113 


180 


2,487,834 00 




4,476 28 


4,646 75 


2,103 50 

1 


271 


1,572 


1,017 


1 
1,476 


13,705,701 56 


5,966,580 79 


40,571 56 

1 


25,197 00 

1 


15,222 29 



29 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 31). 



A. 1899 



Appendix F. — Return of fees and emoluments of Oounty Judicial Officers in the 



County 

or 
district. 


County town. 


Office. 


Officer. 


0) 

a 

"c 

s 

a 


>. 

H 

en 










S c. 


8 c. 


Algoma 


Sault Ste Marie 


SherifiE 


W. H. Carney 


2,206 79 


1,000 00 






Surrogate Jufige 

Local Master 


Judge Johneon 


98 30 










56 90 








District Crown Attorney 

Clerk of the Peace 

Local Registrar 


J. J. Kehoe 


122 30 










406 40 
40 00 


400 00 




G. McG. Farwell.... 


150 00 






District Court Clerk. . . 


" 


231 57 


600 00 






Surrogate Registrar 





135 90 






Brantford 


Sheriff 

Surrogate Judge 


Wm. Watt, Jr 

Judge Jones 


1,976 63 
commuted 






588 00 








G.R.VanNorman.QC 

<c 


commu«ed 
596 08 


577 00 




Crcwn Attorney 

Clerk of the Peace 








793 48 








Local Registrar 


J. T. Hewitt 


60 70 


675 00 






County Court Clerk 





458 15 








Surrogate Registrar 

Sheriff 


(< 


1,012 95 






Walkerton 


F. S. O'Connor 

Judge Barrett 


2,224 75 
605 95 






Surrogate Judge 








Local Master 


W. A. McLean .... 


commuted 


850 00 






Local Registrar 





commuted 


450 00 






Crown Attorney 


Thomas Dixon 


303 90 










X 


1,5»3 63 








County Court Clerk 

Surrogate Registrar . . . 


M. Goetz 


859 10 










1,071 93 




Carleton 


Ottawa 


Sheriff 




4,416 76 






Surrogate Judge 


Judge McTavish 


* 1,000 00 










W. L. Scott 


2,029 30 
633 05 






Deputy Registrar 

Crown Attorney 








J. A. Ritchie 


738 80 









J362.05 additional paid Judge Mosgrove, 

30 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 31). 



A. 1899 



Province of Ontario, earned and received during the year ending, 31st Dec , 1898. 



Total earnings and 
salary in each 
office. 


Total earnings and 
salary by officer 
in all his offices. 


Total received for 
present y ear's 
services. 


Total received for 
previous year's 
services. 


Total receipts by 
officer from all 
his offices. 


03 

3 

« "3 
-a 


a5 

S 
o 
u 

_g 


Amount paid to 
Government un- 
der 57 V. c. 9. 


6 
S 
o 
u 
a 

<D 

a 

"os 

s 

o 

< 


S c. 

3,206 79 

98 30 


•S c. 

3,206 79 

155 20 


S c. 

2,995 27 

98 30 

56 90 

69 80 

677 18 

190 00 

831 57 

135 90 

1,912 86 


•S c. 
124 15 


S c. 

3,119 42 

155 20 


S c. 
1,546 48 


S c. 

1,572 94 

155 20 


8 c. 


8 c. 

1,572 94 

155 20 


56 90 










122 30 


928 70 
1,157 47 


225 00 
186 79 


1,158 77 


8 00 


1,150 77 




1,150 77 


806 40 




190 00 


1,157 47 


52 33 


1,105 14 




1,105 14 


831 57 
135 90 






1,976 63 
1,165 OJ 






192 34 


2,105 20 
1,165 00 


383 69 
15 00 


1,721 51 
1,150 00 




1,721 51 
1,150 00 


588 OO 




577 00 








596 08 


1,389 56 


596 08 
793 48 
735 70 
458 15 
1,012 95 

1,969 84 




1,389 56 




1,389 56 




1,389 56 


793 48 








735 70 

458 15 


2,206 80 

2,224 75 

605 95 

1,300 00 




2,206 80 


822 21 


1,374 59 




1,374 59 




1,012 95 














546 08 


2,515 92 

605 95 

1,300 00 


850 16 
29 70 


1,665 76 

605 95 

1,270 30 




1,665 76 






605 95 










1,270 30 










303 90 
1,543 63 

859 10 
1,071 93 


1,847 53 


254 00 

1,032 46 

717 16 

665 48 

3,532 76 


124 40 
480 95 
159 96 
444 20 . 

868 54 


1,891 80 





1,891 80 




1,891 80 






1,931 03 

4,416 76 
1,000 00 . 
2,662 35 


1,986 80 


329 25 


1,657 55 


15 75 


1.641 80 


4,401 30 
1,000 00 . 
2,758 91 


2,248 55 


2,152 75 


15 27 


2,137 48 




1,000 00 


2,029 30 


1,962 44 
618 85 
500 40 


166 91 

10 71 

369 00 


323 10 


2,435 81 . 




2,435 81 






2,086 84 


2,098 35 


1,040 96 


1,057 39 




1,057 39 



31 



62 Victoria,. 



Sessional Papers (No. 31). 



A. 1899 



Appendix F. — Return of fees and emoluments of County 



County 

or 
district. 



Carleton. — Oon. 



Dufferin 



Elgin 



County town. 



Ottawa . 



Orangeville. 



St. Thomas. 



Essex 



Sandwich 



Office. 



Clerk of the Peacp 

Deputy Clerk of the 
Crown 

County Court Clerk . . . 

Surrogate Registrar 

Sheiiff 

Surrogate Judge 

Local Master 

County A-ttorney 

Clerk of the Peace 

Local Registrar 

County Court Clerk 

Surrogate Registrar 

Sheriff ,. 

Surrogate Judge 

Local Master 

Crown Attorney 

Clerk of the Peace 

Local Registrar 

County Court Clerk 

Surrogate Registrar 

Sheriff 

Surrogate Judge 

Local Master 

Deputy Registrar 

Crown Attorney 

Clerk of the Peace 

Deputy Clerk of the 
Crown 

County Court Clerk 

Surrngatp Reeristrar 

32 



Officer. 



■J. A. Ritchie 

J. P. Feathe ston. 



T. Bowles 

Judge McCarthy . . . 



W. C. L. McKay... 



John McLaren . . . . 



Dugald Brown , 
Judge Hughes. , 
Robert Miller .. 
D. J. Donohue . 

D. McLawd 



J. C. Her . . 
Judge Home 
J. F. Hare . 



A. H. Claike. 



F. E. Marcon. 



S c. 

1,348 04 

678 25 

1,112 60 

1,870 96 

1,798 95 
commuted 
85 82 
204 05 
660 39 
102 15 
250 45 
425 65 

2,180 82 

commuted 

913 31 

909 82 

1,310 05 
287 95 
670 89 
826 78 

3,372 58 
409 75 
603 75 
183 10 
614 25 

1,052 08 
224 55 
640 60 
854 38 



450 00 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. lU). 



A. 1899 



Judicial Officers in the Province of Ontario, etc. — Continued. 



be ° 
c 






S c. 
1,348 04 
1,128 25 
1,112 60 
1,870 96 



168 00 
85 82 
204 05 
660 39 
777 15 
250 45 
425 65 



909 82 
1,310 05 
962 95 
670 89 
826 78 



603 75 
183 10 
614 25 
1,052 08 
674 55 
640 60 
851 38 



56 






?. >>- 



5 « fl 
Eh 



4,111 81 



1,798 95 
253 82 



864 44 



1,453 25 



2,180 82 
681 00 
913 31 

2,219 87 



2,460 52 



3,372 58 
409 75 
786 85 



1,666 33 



2,169 53 



Ti c3 

« <B 

'3 ^ 

o 43 o3 

0) c 'u 

Sh ~ o 

■g p. tc 



S c. 

769 64 
1,088 20 
1,092 50 
1,857 31 

1,244 91 
168 00 
32 26 
166 15 
267 60 
775 15 
243 65 
424 40 

1,813 75 



292 11 
773 12 
747 78 
914 05 
448 19 
770 41 

2,872 58 



513 05 
175 20 
416 58 
• 59 28 
674 55 
640 60 
854 38 



y c. 

459 31 
45 60 
11 70 
15 95 

662 74 



IB c 

caw.£ 



S c. 



31 52 

28 30 

191 60 



4,111 26 



1,907 65 
231 78 



T3 » 

■s S 



S c. 



1,102 96 



523 42 
1 50 



^ 



3,008 30 



5 45 



697 32 



244 40 

241 15 

*686 27 

125 09 

63 65 
188 41 

300 CO 



28 70 



200 67 
285 99 



653 65 



1,450 65 



190 00 



2,511 07 

681 00 

536 51 

2,448 32 



2,499 fcO 



3,172 58 
409 75 
716 95 



1,562 52 



2,169 53 



11 75 



993 87 



104 00 

287 72 



363 40 



1,384 23 
230 28 



a 0- o 
s ^ i- 

< 



S c. 



304 15 



463 65 



1,438 90 



1,517 20 
681 00 
432 51 

2,160 60 



2,136 40 



1,475 40 



156 00 



600 00 



260 00 



1,696 18 
409 75 
560 95 



962 52 



1,909 53 



77 28 



40 95 



3 L.O. 



Of this S225 was earned before 1895. 

33 



62 Victoria 



Sessional Papers (No. 31). 



A 1899 



Appendix F. — Return of fees and emoluments cf County 



County 

or 
district. 


County town. 


Office. 


Officer. 


•6 

g 

It 

OS 
0) 

a 
a 
o 
S 

< 


"^ 9 

to 


Frontenao 


Kingston 

Owen Sound. . . 

Cayuga 

Milton 


Sheriff 

Surrogate Judge 

Local Master 


William Ferguson . . . 

.Tudge Price 

J. M. Machar, Q.C., 
J. L. Whiting, Q.C.. 

Archibald McGill.... 

C, H. Moore 

Judge Creasor 

Judge Morrison . . . j 

A. G. MacKay 

Wm. Armstrong 

G. Inglis 


S c. 
2,157 35 
commuted 
353 97 
237 00 
916 15 
109 15 
434 45 
827 06 

2,692 63 
597 25 

462 71 

628 27 

1,333 51 

80 00 

687 75 
1,092 82 

1,617 25 
282 75 
330 56 
491 40 

1,254 13 
117 25 
1S8 90 
581 75 

1,151 74 

396 40 

86 10 

326 25 

1,611 47 


8 c. 




752 00 




Crown Attorney 

Clerk of the Peace 

Local Registrar 

County Court Clerk .... 
Surrogate Registrar 

Sheriff 

Surrog^ate Judge 

Local Masters < 

Crown Attorney 

Clerk of the Peace 

Local Registrar 

County Court Clerk 

Surrogate Registrar 

Sheriff 

Surrogate Judge 










676 00 






Grey 


















750 00 




,1 




Haldimand 


R. H. Davis 

Judge McMillan 

C. W. Colter 

James Mitchell 

M. Clements 

Judge Hamilton 

jr. G. Mathe?on 


100 00 








Crown Attorney 

Clerk of the Peace 

Local Registrar 

County Court Clerk 

Surrogate Registrar 

Sheriff 

Surrogate Judge 










600 00 
















Crown Attorney 

Clerk of the Peace 









34 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 31). 



A. Ib99 



Judicial Officers in the Province of Ontario, etc. — Continued. 



Total earnings and 
salary in each 
office. 


Total earnings and 
salary by officer 
in all his offices. 


Total received for 
presr>nt y e a r's 
services. 


Total received for 
previous y e a r 's 
services. 


Total receipts by 
officer from all 
his offices. 


i 


Net income. 


Amount paid to 
Government un- 
der 47 V. c. 9. 


a 

o 
u 

a 

i 

a 

1 

< 


S c. 


S c. 

2,157 35 
752 00 
353 97 

1,153 18 

2,045 66 


$ c. 
2,157 35 


8 c. 


S c. 

2,157 35 
752 00 
671 40 

1,293 95 


S c. 
740 37 


S c. 

1,416 98 
752 00 
571 40 

1,193 95 


6 c. 


S c. 

1,416 98 

752 00 










175 27 
180 00 
580 75 
694 15 
381 21 
633 06 

1,950 41 


496 13 
127 00 
406 20 
46 22 
46 23 
184 88 

881 95 


100 00 
100 00 




571 40 


237 00 


1,193 95 


916 15 




784 15 
434 45 


1,985 75 


675 00 


1,310 75 




1,310 75 


827 06 
















2,692 63 
597 25 

462 71 

628 27 
1,333 51 
2,610 57 


2,832 £6 
597 25 

398 30 

617 35 
1,333 51 
2,610 57 


843 65 

3 25 

36 50 

435 00 

1,276 93 


1,988 71 
597 25 

395 05 

580 85 

898 51 

1,333 64 




1,988 71 






597 25 




322 82 
442 27 


75 48 
175 08 




395 05 




580 85 






898 51 


830 00 


830 00 

687 75 

1,092 82 

1,717 25 
282 75 
114 16 
384 90 
738 99 
717 25 
198 90 
581 75 

1,100 78 

396 40 

46 10 

247 05 

1,112 39 






1,333 64 


687 75 






1,092 S2 
















1,717 25 


1,717 25 
613 31 


21 19 


1,738 44 
396 91 


268 00 


1,470 44 
396 91 




1,470 44 


282 75 




396 91 


330 56 










491 40 


1,745 53 


261 58 
446 81 


1,832 2S 


332 00 


1,500 28 




1,500 28 


1,254 13 






717 25 


1,497 90 


1,497 90 


36 00 


1,461,90 




1,461 90 


198 90 






581 75 


















1,151 74 

482 50 


57 63 


1,158 41 
478 00 


322 60 
2 50 


835 81 
475 50 




835 81 


396 40 




475 50 


86 10 


35 50 
162 50 
463 74 






326 25 


1,937 72 


1,985 68 


120 79 


1,864 89 




1,864 89 


1 611 47 







35 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 31).* 



A. 1899 



Appendix F. — Return of fees and emoluments of Oounty 











led. 




County 

or 
district. 


Coanty town. 


Office. 


Officer. 


Amount eart 


It 










S c. 


S c. 


Halton.— (7on. . . 


Milton 


Local Registrar 

County Court Clerk. . . . 


W. A. Lawrence 


74 30 
153 20 


600 00 






Surrogate Eegiotrar 


" 


612 79 




Hastings 


Belleville.. .. 


Sheriff 


G. F. Hope ... ... 


3,087 10 






Surrogate Judge 


Judge Lazier 


commuted 


500 00 






Local Master and De- 
puty Registrar - 


S. S. Lazier 


commuted 


3,000 00 






Crown Attorney 

Clerk of the Peace 

Deputy Clerk of the 
Crown 


P. J. M. Anderson . . 
A. G. Northrup 


1,774 75 

1,530 16 
327 80 






450 00 






County Court Clerk 


" 


870 78 









Surrogate Registrar. . . . 


(< 


926 75 






Goderich 


Sheriff 


R. G. Reynolds 

Judge Masson 


2,172 39 
* 1,000 00 






Surrogate Judge 








Local Master 

Crown Attorney 

Clerk of the Peace 


Judge Doyle 

Ira Lewis 


340 28 
546 20 














1,744 85 








Local Registrar 


D. McDonald . ... 


313 40 


750 00 






County Court Clerk 





391 05 








Surrogate Registrar 


" 


1,710 70 




Kent 


Chatham 


Sheriff 

Surrogate Judge 


J. R. Gemmill 

Judge Bell 


2,867 17 
commuted 






450 00 






Local Master and De- 
puty Registrar 

Crown Attorney 


R. O'Hara 


commuted 


1,600 00 






Wm. Douglas, Q.C . . 


1,089 22 










11 


1,457 51 
120 00 








Deputy Clerk of the 
Crown 


W. A. Campbell 


450 00 






County Court Clerk 

Surrogate Registrar 


« 


897 40 








" 


997 10 





* $19.25 additional paid Judge Doyle, and for 1897 $54.70. 
36 . 



62 Victoria 



Sessional Papers (i^ o. 31). 



A. 1899 



Judicial Officers in the Province of Ontario, etc. — Continued. 



Total earnings and 
salary in each 
office. 


Total earnings and 
sala'y by officer 
in all his offices. 


Total received for 
present year's 
services. 


Total received for 
previews y e a r's 
service'. 


x> « 
^S 

-g o^ 

H 

S c. 
1,440 29 




§ 
o 


Amount paid to 
Government un- 
der 57 V. c. 9. 


s 

o 
a 

o 
s 

u 


.? c. 
674 30 


$ c. 
1,440 29 


$ c. 
674 SO 
153 20 
612 79 

2,256 10 


S c. 


§ c. 
£00 00 


S c. 
1,140 29 


S c. 


8 c. 
1,140 29 


153 20 








612 79 


















3,087 10 
500 00 

3,000 00 
3,304 91 


464 50 


2,720 60 
500 00 

3,000 00 
3,177 77 


820 78 


1,899 82 
500 00 

2,450 00 
2,621 28 




1,899 82 






500 00 








550 00 
556 49 




2,450 00 


1,774 75 

1,530 16 

777 80 
871 78 


1,365 75 

1,044 62 
677 00 
550 00 
589 CO 

2,004 68 


299 00 

468 40 
120 00 

300 00 
340 00 

234 37 


74 24 


2,547 04 


2,576 33 


2,576 00 


797 07 


1,778 93 


27 79 


1,751 14 


926 75 
















2,172 39 

1,000 00 

340 28 

2,291 05 


2,239 05 

1,000 CO 

247 72 

2,157 64 


671 11 


1,567 94 

1,000 00 

237 17 

1,377 64 




1,567 94 
1,000 00 








247 72 

393 74 

1,213 30 

1,063 40 

391 05 

1,710 70 

2,033 79 




191 35 
359 25 


10 55 
780 00 


237 17 


546 20 




1,377 64 


1,744 85 






1,063 40 
391 05 


3,165 15 


3,165 15 


683 82 


2,481 33 


146 26 


2,335 07 


1,710 70 














2,867 17 
450 00 

1,600 00 
2,546 73 

2,464 50 


387 11 


2,420 90 
450 00 

1,600 00 
2,546 73 


1,122 66 


1,298 24 
450 00 

1,600 00 
1,991 73 




1,298 24 
450 00 
















1,600 00 


1,089 22 


1,089 22 
1,457 51 

570 00 
897 40 
997 10 




555 00 




1,991 73 


1,457 51 








570 00 
897 40 




2,414 50 


650 00 


1,764 50 


26 45 


1,738 05 


997 10 













87 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 31). 



A. 1899 



Appendix F. — Report of fees and emoluments of County 



County 

or 
district. 



Lambton 



Lanark 



County town. 



Sarnia 



Perth . , 



Leeds and 
Grenville 



Brockviile 



Lennox and 
Addington 



Napanes 



Office. 



Sheriff 

Surrogate Judge 



Local Masters 



County Attorney 

Clerk of the Peace 

Local Registrar 

County Court Clerk 

Surrogate Registrar .... 

Sheriff 

Surrogate .Fudge 

Local Master 

Crown Attorney 

Clerk of the Peace 

Local Registrar 

County (.'(Hirt Clerk 

Surrogate Registrar 



Officer. 



James Flintoft . 
Judge Robinson 



W. R. Gemmill 



Sheriff 

Surrogate Judge. 



Local Masters. 



James Thompson 
Judge Senkler . , . 



W. G. Malloch 



C. Rice 



G. A. Dana 

Judge McDonald .. 



Crown Attorney . . . 
Clerk of the Peace.. 
Local Registrar . . . . 
County Court Clerk . 
Surrogate Registrar . 



Sheriff 

Surrogate Judge. 
Local Master .... 
Crown Attorney 



Judge Reynolds 
M. M. Brown . . 



S. Reynolds. 



Clerk of the Peace . 

38 



Judge Mackenzie . . . , 
J. P. Bucke 



2,371 72 
482 75 



G. D. Hawley 

Judge Wilkinson . . . 

S. S. Lazier 

S. C. Warner 



207 65 
881 98 
1,257 90 
498 46 
538 49 
894 35 

1,652 15 
296 20 
118 81 
627 07 
597 96 
195 50 
262 85 
621 44 

2,469 21 

commuted 

67 70 

603 61 

651 36 

1,267 16 

21 S 60 

592 38 

1,223 37 

1,615 91 

commuted 

97 30 

192 80 

792 01 



•IS 
SO 



S c. 



075 OO 



675 00 



600 00 



750 00 



400 00 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No 31). 



A. 189» 



Judicial Officers in the Province of Ontario, etc. — Continud. 



Total earnings and 
salary in each 
office. 


Total earnings and 
salary by officer 
in all his offices. 


Total received for 
present year's 
services. 


Total received for 
previous y e a r's 
services. 


Total receipts by 
officer from all 
his offices. 


03 

2 
1 

A 


03 

i 

a 

"03 


Amount paid to 
Government un- 
der 57 V. 0. 9, 


a 

o 
o 

a 

-4.3 

03 

a 

D 
o 

< 


$ c. 


$ c. 

2,371 72 

482 75 


S c. 
2,020 90 


•S c 
830 60 


•S c. 

2,851 60 

482 75 


S c. 
887 16 


•S c. 

1,964 34 

482 75 


S c. 


% c. 
1,964 34 






482 75- 






69 00 
172 50 
102 90 








207 65 
2,139 88 


207 65 
791 88 
1,222 60 
1,173 46 
538 49 
894 35 

1,102 44 
296 20 
3 29 
353 00 
353 32 
755 20 
197 35 
548 63 

1,892 14 

600 00 

35 94 


276 65 
2,289 88 


391 31 


276 65 
1,898 57 




276 65 


881 98 
1,257 90 
1,173 46 

538 49 


1,898 57 


2,606 30 


2,606 30 


133 00 


2,473 30 


144 66 


2,328 64 


894 35 


















1,652 15 
415 01 

1,225 03 


600 95 

128 46 

246 74 

92 27 

62 60 

85 60 

126 30 

620 73 
21 76 


1,703 39 
427 95 

1,045 33 


461 87 


1,241 52 
427 95 

934 39 




1,241 52 


296 20 


427 95 


118 81 


110 94 




627 07 


934 39 


597 96 






870 50 
262 85 


1,754 79 


1,775 68 


35 30 


1,740 38 


24 03 


1,716 35 


621 44 
















2,469 21 
657 70 


2,512 87 
657 70 


1,191 41 


1,321 46 
657 70 




1,321 46 


600 00 




657 70 


57 70 










603 61 
1,918 52 


603 61 
1,918 52 




603 61 
1,768 52 




603 61 


651 36 


651 36 

1,267 16 

968 60 

529 38 

1,223 37 

840 58 




150 eo 




1,768 52 


1,267 16 




968 60 


2,784 35 




2,784 35 


459 96 


2,324 39 


114 88 


2,209 51 


592 38 




1,223 37 
















1,615 91 

400 00 

97 30 

984 81 


304 95 


1,145 53 
400 00 
105 60 
964 36 


252 34 


893 19 

400 00 

80 60 

809 66 




893 19 






400 00 




64 30 
146 00 
516 64 


41 30 

58 20 

243 52 


25 00 
154 70 




80 60 


192 80 

792 01 




809 66 



39 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 31). 



A. 181^9 



Appendix F. — Return of fees and emoluments of County 



County 

or 
district. 


County town. 


Office, 


Office. 


13 
0) 
S 
« 

i 
1 


•3 a 










S c. 


S c. 


Lennox and 
Add'tn.— Con. 


Napanee 


Local Registrar 

County Court Clerk 

Surrogate Registrar 


W. P. Deroche 


291 70 
369 70 


600 00 


. 




(I 


384 15 




Lincoln 


St. Catharines. 


Sheriff 




2,533 51 




Surrogate Judge 


Judge Senkler 


c jmmuted 


566 00 








F. W. Macdonald . . . 


966 68 

1,099 44 

634 00 






Deputy Registrar 

Crown Attorney 








M. Brennan 








Clerk of the Peace 

Deputy Clerk of Crown. 


'1 


1,008 30 








.Johnson Clench 


140 00 


450 00 






County Court Clerk 





410 34 












Surrogate Registrar 


" 


825 23 




Manitoulin 


Gore Bay 


Surrogate Judge 


Judge Johnston . 


24 00 










District Court Clerk . . . 


W. S. Francis 


235 05 


350 00 






Surrogate Registrar 


C( 


51 00 








Middlesex 


London 


Sheriff 


D. M. Cameron 


4,271 63 








Surrogate Judge 


* Judge Elliott 


commuted 


1,000 00 






Local Master 


R. K. Cowan 


1,044 90 








Deputy Registrar 





824 98 












Crown Attorney 

Clerk of the Peace 

Deputy Clerk of Crown. 


James McGee, Q.C . . 
11 


1 1,361 29 

1,902 31 

272 40 














John Macbeth 


500 00 






County Court Clerk 


<( 


927 60 












Surrogate Registrar 


(1 


2,429 90 





Muskoka . . . 


Bracebridge . . 


Sheriff 


James W. Bettes 


1.630 45 


500 00 






Surrogate Judge 


Judge Mahaffy 


47 50 














t( 










County Attorney 


Thomas Johnston . . . 


410 91 


250 00 



Judge Edward Elliott, S320.40, surplus Surrogate fees. 

40 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No. 31). 



a; 1899 



Judicial Officers in the Province of Ontario, etc. — Continued. 



Total earnings and 
palary in each 
office. 

4 


Total earnings and 
salary by officer 
in all his oflices 


Total received for 
liresent year's 
services. 


Total received for 
previous year's 
services. 


Total receipts by 
officer from all 
his offices. 




i 


Amount paid to 
Government un- 
der 57 V. c. c. 


£ 

o 
o 
a 

■e> 

d) 

i= 

B 

o 

< 


1 

S c. 
891 70 


8 c. 
1,645 55 


S c. 
891 70 
369 70 
384 15 

2,315 71 


$ c. 


S c. 
1,645 55 


S c. 
65 15 


•S c. 
1,580 40 


S c. 
8 04 


•s c. 
1,572 36 


369 70 






384 15 


















2,5S3 51 

565 00 

2,066 12 


104 82 


2,420 53 

566 00 

2,090 10 


484 21 


1,936 32 

566 00 

2,090 10 




1,936 32 






566 00 


966 68 


557 33 
537 33 
634 00 
1,008 30 
548 45 
359 74 
814 68 


456 49 
538 95 







2,090 10 


1,099 44 
634 00 






1,642 30 


1,642 30 


150 50 


1,491 80 




1,491 80 


1 008 30 






•590 00 
410 34 


1,825 57 


101 97 

152 18 

1 10 


1,978 12 


196 60 


1,781 52 


28 15 


1,753 37 


825 23 
















24 00 
636 05 


24 00 
636 05 




24 00 
636 05 




24 00 


585 05 


585 05 
51 00 

4,081 41 








636 05 


51 00 










4 271 63 
1,000 00 
1,869 S8 


126 47 


4,207 88 
],000 00 
1,827 44 


1,860 27 


2,347 61 
1,000 00 
1,483 17 


34 76 


2,312 85 
1,000 00 


1,044 90 


905 30 
797 14 
953 29 

1,387 52 
731 20 
905 70 

2,319 90 

1,700 28 


125 00 


344 27 




1,483 17 


824 98 






1,361 29 
1,902 31 


3,263 60 


385 50 

536 80 

26 75 

21 25 

11 10 

519 89 


3,263 11 


978 50 


2,284 61 


28 46 


2,256 15 


772 40 
927 60 


4,129 90 


4,015 90 


1,062 60 


2,953 30 


285 99 


2,667 31 


2,429 90 
















2,130 45 
47 50 


2,220 17 
47 50 


719 52 


1,500 65 




1,500 65 






47 50 
















660 91 


1,316 11 


529 31 


186 00 


1,466 29 


392 35 


1,073 94 




1,073 94 



41 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 31). 



A. 1899 



Appendix F. — Return of fees and emoluments of County 



Co:.nty 

or 
district 



Muskoka. — Con. 



Nipissing 



Norfolk 



Northumberland 
and Durham 



County town- 



Bracebridge . 



North Bay 



Simcoe , 



Cobourg 



Clerk of the Peace .... 

Local Registrar 

District Court Clerk . . . 
Surrogate Registrar .... 

Sheriff 

Surrogate Judge 

Local Master 

Crown Attorney 

Clerk of the Peace 

Local Registrar 

County Court Clerk 

Surrogate Registrar. . . . 

SheriflF , 

Surrogate Judge 

Local Master 

Crown Attorney 

Clerk of the Peace .... 

Local Registrar 

County Court Clerk 

Surrogate Registrar 

Sheriff; 

Surrogate Judge 

Local Master 

Crown Attorney 

Clerk of the Peace 

Local Registrar 

County Court Clerk 

Surrogate Registrar. . . , 

42 



Officer. 


13 

a 
a 

3 

o 

a 


>^-2 

.-2 8 

O. u 




< 


TO 




S c. 


s 


Thomas Johnston 


655 20 




Isaac Huber 


108 35 
62 07 


600 OO 


<i 




" 


150 40 




H. C. Varin 


1,777 25 
26 50 


750 OO 


Judge Valin 







13 60 




A. G. Browning 


336 32 
313 66 


250 00 


Thos. J. Rourke .... 


130 40 


150 00 


" 


220 65 


450 00 


Joseph Jackson 

Judge Robb 


56 25 
1,4.51 99 






250 00 







1 80 





J. H. Ansley 


491 70 
1,093 55 




C. C. Rapelje 


287 15 


675 0» 


I. 0. Proctor 


326 80 
618 39 

3,077 91 








Judge Benson 


commuted 


840 OO 


J. H. Dumble 


510 57 





J.W.Kerr 


656 60 

1,279 40 

276 70 

542 95 

1,397 07 






John Fisher 


- 750 oa 









62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 'Jl). 



A. 1899 



Judicial Officers in the Province of Ontario, etc. — Continued. 



Total earnings and 
salary in each 
office. 


Total earnings and 
salary by officer 
in all his offices. 


Total received for 
present year's 
services. 


Total received for 
previous y e a r 's 
services. 


Total receipts by 
officer from all 
his offices. 


9 

D 
m 

3i 

o - 

&H 


Net incon;e. 


Amount paid to 
Government un- 
der 57 V. c. 9. 


S 
8 

_g 

a 

■a 

< 


S c. 
655 20 


-S c. 


8 c. 
480 77 
708 35 

62 07 
150 40 

2,224 50 


8 c. 
270 21 


■^ c. 


$ c. 


8 0. 


8 c. 


S. c. 


708 35 


920 82 

2,527 25 
40 00 


920 82 


8 75 


912 07 




912 07 


62 07 






150 40 
















684 75 


2,909 25 
40 00 


1,841 37 


1,067 88 ' 
40 00 




1,067 88 
40 00 


26 50 




13 50 












586 32 
313 66 


899 98 
1,007 30 


390 60 
179 54 
280 40 
670 65 
56 25 

1,051 99 
2o0 00 
1 80 
491 70 
876 43 
825 85 
253 60 
400 94 

2,267 39 


123 36 
105 70 


799 20 


118 35 


680 85 





S80 85 


280 40 


1,007 30 


53 70 


953 60 




958 60 


670 65 






56 25 
















1,451 99 
251 80 


563 S7 


1,615 86 
251 80 


193 43 


1,422 43 
251 80 




1 422 43 


250 00 




231 80 


1 80 








491 70 


1,585 25 




1,370 93 


37 46 


!,333 47 


' 


1,338 47 


1,093 55 


2 80 

62 35 

52 65 

117 65 

603 45 






962 15 
326 80 


1,907 34 


1,713 04 


57 40 


1,655 64 


15 56 


l,6iW^ 


618 39 
















3,077 91 
840 00 
510 .57 

1,936 00 


2,960 84 
840 00 
265 30 

1,998 05 


1,269 75 
348 35 


1,291 09 
840 00 
265 30 

1,649 70 




1,291 09 
840 00 








265 30 

528 10 

832 82 

2,966 72 






285 30 


656 60 


249 52 
387 61 


1,649 70 


1,279 40 




1,026 70 


2,966 72 


2,966 72 


614 00 


\ 2,352 72 


120 40: 


2,e82 32 


542 95 




1,397 07 













43 



Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 31). 



A. 1899 



Appendix F. — Return of fees and emoluments of County 



County 

or 
district. 



County town. 




OntariTo I Whitby 



Oxford 



Parry iSouod . . 



Peel 



Woodstock , 



•Sheriff ' 

Surrogate Judge 

Local Master 

Crown Attorney. . . 
Clerk of the Peace. . 

Local Kegistrar 

County Court Clerk 
Surrogate Registrar, 



Sheriff 

Surrogate Judge 

Local Master 

Deputy Registrar 

Crown Attorney 

Clerk of the Peace 

Deputy Clerk of Crown. 

County Court Clerk 

Surrogate Registrar .... 



Parry Sound . . 



Brampton 



Sheriff 

Surrogate Judge . . . 
Local Master .... . . 

Crown Attorney . . . . 

Clerk of the Peace . . . 

Local Registrar 

District Court Clerk. 
. Surrogate Registrar . . 



Sheriff 

Surrogate Judge . 
' Local Master 

44 



J. F. Paxton 

Judge Dartnell . . . . 

J. E. Farewell, Q.C 

L. T. Barclay 

14 

James Brady 

Judge Finkle 

W. T. McMullen.. 

F. R.Bali, Q.C... 

James Canfield .... 

Samuel Armstrong. 
Judge McCurry . . . . 

Walter L. Haight.. 

E. Jordan .... 

Robert Broddy 

Judge McGibbon.. 



2,162 31 
847 00 
887 74 
205 50 
462 20 
875 91 
351 00 
650 35 

1,556 75 

1,324 20 
24 00 



134 77 
257 23 

20 35 
7 70 

61 63 

2,112 60 
320 90 
100 25 



c3 Q 



S c. 



675 00 



450 00 



500 00 



212 33 



600 00 



62 Victoria. 



S(fSsional Papers (No. 31). 



A, 1899 



Judicial Officers in the Province of Ontario, etc. — Continued. 



Total earnings and 
Srtlary in each 
office. 


Total earnings aud 
sal ry by officer 
lu all hi 3 offices. 


Total received for 
present year's 
services. 


Total received for 
previous year's 
services. 


Total receipts by 
officer fiom all 
his offices. 


s 


g 


a 


Ainount paid to 
Government un- 
der 57 V. c. 9. 


£ 

• c 



_c 

a 
"6 

< 


$ c. 


$ 0. 

1,695 57 
680 08 


$ c. 
1,051 75 
520 75 
159 33 
441 83 
838 71 
722 00 
448 00 
753 90 

2,047 84 


$ c. 
445 74 


S 3. 

1,497 49 

715 C8 




$ c. 

329 63 

10 GO 


$ c. 

1,167 87 

735 08 


$ c. 


$ c. 

J, 167 87 

735 08 


520 75 


159 33 


65 00 
111 00 
480 47 




522 88 


1,799 00 


1,872 01 


393 19 


1,478 82 




1,478 82 


1,276 12 




722 00 


1,923 90 


1,923 90 


240 00 


1,683-90 


18 40 


1,665 50 


448 00 




753 90 


2,162 31 

847 00 

1,093 24 
















'229 74 


2,277 58 
847 00 
928 54 

1,494 22 


1,035 70 


1,241 88 
847 00 
824 54 

1,488 41 




1,241 88 
847 00 






887 74 


367 11 
205 50 
436 70 
541 65 
669 00 
476 25 
937 50 

1,499 10 


341 36 
14 57 
175 20 
340 67 
193 00 
127 00 
598 40 

498 47 


104 00 
5 81 




824 54 


205 50 






462 20 


1,338 11 


1,488 41 


875 91 






801 00 
650 35 


3,008 10 


3,001 15 


247 25 


2,753 90 


226 17 


2,527 73 


1,556 75 


1,824 20 
' 24 00 














1,997 57 
24 00 


851 20 


1,146 37 
24 00 




1 146 o7 


24 00 




24 00 










347 10 


604 33 


347 10 
111 51 
689 68 




458 61 


66 66 


391 95 




391 95 


257 23 








620 35 


689 68 




689 68 


12 11 


677 37 




677 57 


7 70 






61 63 




















2,112 60 
421 15 


1,646 00 

3-20 90 

70 25 


396 16 
43 20 


2,042 16 
434 35 


1,105 22 


936 94 

f 

434 35 





936 94 
434 35 


320 90 


100 25 





45 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Pauf^rs (No. 31). 



A. 1899 



Appendix F. — Return of fees and emoluments of Oounty 



County 

or 
district . 



'County town. 



Peel. — Con. 



Perth' 



Peterborough . 



Brampton . . 



Stratford . 



Office. 



Peterborough . . 



Prescott and 
Russell . . . 



L'Origual 



Crown Attorney . 

Clerk of the Peace . . . . 

Local Registrar 1 

County Court Clerk. . . 
Surrogate Registrar. . . 



Officer. 



W. H. McFadden 



J. A. Austin. 



Sheriff John Hossie . 

Surrogate Judge Judge Barron 

Local Master " 

Crown Attorney J. Idington, Q.C 

Clerk of the Peace . . . 

Local Registrar James Macfadden 

County Court Clerk.. 
Surrogate Registrar. . 



Sheriff 

Surrogate Judge 

Local Master 

Crown Attorney 

Clerk of the Peace 

Local Registrar 

County Court Clerk . . . 
Surrogate Registrar . . , 



Sheriff 

Surrogate Judge 

Local Master 

Crown Attorney 

Clerk of the Peace 

Local Registrar 

County Court Clerk . . . , 
Surrogate Registrar . . . , 



J. A. Hall . . . 
Judge Weller 



R. K Wood. 



John Maloney. 



Albert Hagar . . 
•Judge O'Brian . , 



John Maxwell 



John Eraser. 



S c. 
729 35 
1,714 21 
221 80 
318 33 
660 61 

2,295 14 

commuted 

177 00 

380 10 

1,581 55 
632 00 
563 50 

1,429 50 

1,979 78 
296 00 
426 90 
614 72 

1,009 76 
136 00 
343 00 
551 23 

1,343 75 
124 00 
58 07 
i32 84 
970 67 
124 GO 
201 44 
343 52 



•3 a 
4o 



S c. 



600 00 



873 00 



675 00 



675 00 



500 00 



675 00 



46 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 31). 



A. 1899 



Judicial Officers in the Province of Ontario, etc. — Continued. 



Total earnings and 
salary in each 
office. 


Total earnings and 
salary by officer 
in all his offices. 


Total received for 
present year's 
services. 


Total received for 
previous y ear's 
service?. 


Total receipts by 
officer frjm all 
his offices. 


i 
1 

li 




Amount paid to 
Government un- 
der 67 V. c. 9. 


6 

a 

o 
o 

.9 

a 

< 


$ c. 

729 35 

1,714 21 


$ c. 
2,443 56 

1,800 74 


$ c. 
532 35 
1,381 79 
807 00 
311 25 
627 75 

1,832 85 
873 00 
103 25 
275 10 
638 04 

1,215 90 
438 90 

1,415 80 

1,939 92 
296 00 
426 90 
398 22 
603 12 
811 00 
343 00 
551 23 

1,266 64 
124 00 


$ c. 
235 45 

292 85 


$ c. 
2,442 44 


$ c. 
162 73 


« c. 
2,279 71 


$ 0. 

27 97 


% 0. 

2,251 74 


• 821 80 


1,785 13 


196 67 


1,588 46 


8 85 


1,579 61 


318 33 


18 35 
20 78 

728 03 


660 61 








2,295 14 
1,050 60 


2,560 88 
976 25 


1,080 54 
15 00 


1,480 34 
961 25 




1,480 34 
961 25 


873 00 
177 00 




380 10 


1,961 65 


84 70 
338 36 


1,336 20 


401 98 


934 22 


934 22 


1,581 55 

1,307 00 

563 50 






3,300 00 


3,070 60 


1,190 65 


1,879 95 


37 99 


1,841 96 




1,429 50 


















1,979 78 
722 90 


29 56 


1,969 48 
722 90 


702 86 


1,266 63 
722 90 




1,266 63 
722 90 


296 00 




426 90 








614 72 


1,624 48 


142 31 
398 60 


l,f42 25 


40 80 


1,501 45 




1,501 45 


1,009 76 




811 00 


1,705 23 


1 705 23 


289 00 


1,416 23 




1,416 23 


343 00 






651 23 
















1,843 75 


1,843 75 
182 07 


643 15 
31 40 


1,809 79 
155 40 


797 69 


1,012 10 
155 40 




1,012 10 


124 00 




155 40 








132 84 


1,103 51 


132 84 
970 67 
717 90 
186 85 
176 37 


1,103 51 


26 00 


1,077 51 




1,077 61 


970 67 








799 00 
201 44 


1,343 96 


60 00 
23 00 
66 00 


1,230 12 


225 60 


1,004 52 




1,004 52 


343 52 















47 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. oi). 



A. 189 



Appendix F — Return of fees and emolameuta of Oounty 



County 

or 
district. 


County town. 


Office. 


Officer. 


■6 

<s 

<D 

a 

s 
o 
a 

< 


a 
.-2 2 

is ® 

r/3 










S 0. 


$ c. 


Prince Edward . 


Picton 


Sheriff 


J as. Gillespie 


1,285 83 


200 OO 






Surrogate Judge . . . . 
Local Master 


Judge Merrill 


233 00 








C. H. Widdifield .... 
•J. Roland Brown .... 


269 20 
231 50 






Crown Attorney 

Clerk of the Peace . 










780 78 








Local Registrar 

County Court Clerk . . . 


W. H. R. Allison.Q.C 




600 oa 








404 75 








Surrogate Registrar. , . . 
Sheriff 


<■ 


558 47 




Kainy Kiver 


Rat Portage . . 


W. H. Carpenter.... 


1,934 83 


1,000 00 






Surrogate Judge 


Judge Chappie 


48 50 

















District Crown Attorney 


H. Langf ord 


223 15 


250 00 






Clerk of the Peace 

Local Registrar 

District Court Clerk... 


F. J. Apjohn 


252 00 
183 30 














204 30 


700 oa 






Surrogate Registrar 

Sheriff 


.< 


76 98 




Renfrew 




Wm. Moffatt 


2,471 15 
commuted 






Surrogate Judge 


Judge Deacon 


264 00 








J. H. Metcalf 


57 35 
541 00 






Crown Attorney 

Clerk of the Peace 










741 53 








Local Registrar 


Arch, Thomson 


94 05 


600 00 






County Court Clerk... 
Surrogate Registrar 

Sheriff 

Surrogate Judge 


<( 


465 27 








,, 


402 35 






Barrie 


Hon. Chas. Drury 

Judge Ardagh 


3,127 85 
commuted 






585 OO 








J. R. Cotter 


229 50 











48 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No 31) 



A. 1899 



Judicial Officers in the Province of Ontario, etc. — Continued. 



Total 1 arnings and 
salary in eauli 
office. 


Total earnings and 
salary by officer 
in all bis offices. 


Total received for 
present year's 
services. 


Total received for 
previous y e a r's 
services. 


Ti.tal receip's by 
officer fiom all 
his offi(es 


Total di-burse- 
ments. 


S 

b 


Amount paid to 
Government un- 
d.r57 V. 0. 9. 


Actual net income. 


§ c. 
1,485 83 


•S c. 

1,485 83 
233 00 
269 20 

1,012 28 


S c. 
1,314 56 


8 c. 
216 29 


8 c. 
1,530 8.5 
233 00 
188 65 
995 50 


$ c. 
932 70 

75 00 
49 60 


S c. 
598 15 

113 65 
945 90 


S c. 


S c. 
598 15 






233 00 
113 65 




92 30 
183 00 
498 81 
600 00 
401 75 
558 47 

2,559 03 


96 35 

69 00 

244 69 


231 50 




945 90 


780 78 






600 GO 


1,563 22 


1,563 22 


63 50 


1,499 72 




1,499 72 


404 75 






tbS 47 


















2,934 83 
48 50 


52". 34 


3,085 37 
48 50 


1,130 53 


1,954 84 
48 50 




1,954 84 
48 50 














473 15 


725 15 


473 15 
252 00 
183 30 
904 30 

76 98 

2,451 28 




725 15 


8 00 


717 15 




717 15 


252 00 








183 30 


1,164 58 




1,164 58 




J, 164 58 




1,164 58 


904 30 




76 98 


















2,471 15 
321 35 


21 45 


2,475 73 
321 35 

1,368 68 


748 70 


1,727 03 
321 35 




1,727 03 
321 35 


264 00 




57 35 








541 00 


1,282 53 


629 00 
510 62 
694 05 
465 27 
402 35 

3,027 43 


41 00 

288 06 


77 05 


1,291 63 




1,291 63 


741 f3 




694 05 


1,561 67 


1,561 (i7 


167 05 


1,391 62 




1,394 62 


465 27 




402 35 
















3,127 85 

585 00 

3,319 28 


730 16 


3,757 59 

585 00 

3,074 86 


1,802 95 

377 82 


1,954 64 

585 00 

2,697 04 




1,954 64 

585 00 

2,(60 60 




229 50 


229 50 




*16 44 







Payable only on income of joinc offices of Crown Attorney and Clerk of the Peace, $2,164.43. 
4 L.O. 49 



6*2 \'ict()rin 



Sessional Papers (No. 31). 



A. 1899 



Appendix F. — Return of fees and emoluments of Connty 















County 

or 
district. 


County town. 


Office. 


Officer. 


Amount ea 


Salary paic 
Governinf 










S c. 


$ c. 


tiimcoe.— Con . . . 


Barrie 


Deputy Regi!-trar 

Crown Attorney 

Clerk of the Peace . . . 


J. K. Cotter 


.^3 li 
1,15G 50 
1,(330 17 








Deputy Clerk of Crown 


J. jNIcL. Stevenson.. 


185 20 


500 00 






County Court Clerk 

Surrogate Registrar . . . 

Sheriff 


<• 


806 04 






Cornwall 


A. McNab 


1,227 75 
2,910 40 




Stormont, Dun- 
das and Glen 






Surrogate Judge 

Local Mas'er . . .... 


Judge Pringle 


551 25 








352 38 








Crown Attorney 


Jas. Dingwall 


363 46 








Clerk of the Peace 


... . 


989 21 








Local Registrar 


John A. McDougald. 


145 50 


750 00 






County Court Clerk 

Surrogate Regi.^trar .... 


t< 


510 10 








Helen McDonald.-.. 


845 25 




Thunder Bay . . 


Port Arthur . . 


Sheriff 


Alex. W. Thompson. 


1,544 72 


1,000 00 








Judge Fitzgerald 


71 25 








Local Master 


16 00 








District Crown Attorney 


Thos. A. Gorham 


181 10 


250 00 








.i 


83 04 








Local Rf gistrar 


Jas. Meek 


305 35 


60n 00 






County Court Clerk 


' 


258 15 








Surrogate Regi-trar . . . 
Sheriff 


» 


70 29 




Victoria 


Lindsay 




1.740 16 




Surrogate Judge 


Judge Dean 


commuted 


500 00 






Local Master 





commu.ed 


900 00 






Crown Attorney. 


A. P. Devlin 


368 85 








i> 


663 33 








Local RegUtrar. 

1 County Court Clerk 

1 Surrogate Registrar 

50 


Wm Grace 


127 30 


675 OO 








314 60 








,, 


450 95 















^•2 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers {No. 31). 



A. 1899 



Judicial Officers in the Province of Ontario, etc. — Continued. 



Total earuing's and 
salary in each 
office. 


Total earnings and 
salary by officer 
in all his offices. 


Total rtccived for 
present year'? 
services. 


Total received fur 
previous yea r's 
services. 


Total receipts by 
officer frum ail 
his office. 


^ ? 
o e 


Net income. 


Amount paid to 
Government un- 
der 57 V. c. 9. 


S 

o 
o 

.g 

"S 

a 

'a 
< 


$ c. 
303 11 


••"^ c. 


ft c. 

303 11 

1,137 80 

1,404 45 

685 20 

806 04 

1,227 75 

2,531 01 
551 25 
333 35 
270 50 
631 27 
895 50 
510 10 
845 25 

2,107 92 

71 25 

16 00 

431 10 

83 04 

747 16 

209 05 

70 29 

1,354 46 


.? c. 


$ c. 


•1? c. 


* c. 


•S c. 


S 0. 


1,156 50 
















1,630 17 














685 20 
806 04 


2,718 99 




2,718 99 


420 00 


2,298 99 


109 79 


2,189 20 


1,227 75 
















2,910 40 
903 63 


149 82 


2,680 83 
884 60 


1,451 06 
09 


1,229 77 
884 51 




1,229 77 
884 51 


551 25 




;S52 38 


102 13 

237 08 




353 46 
989 21 


1,342 67 


1,240 98 


150 63 


1,090 35 




1,090 35 


895 50 


1,405 60 


1,405 60 


15 00 


1,390 GO 




1,390 60 


510 10 






845 25 

2,544 72 
87 25 

514 14 




845 25 

2.4.58 99 
93 65 

624 79 


3 00 
623 22 


842 25 

1,835 77 
93 65 




842 25 




351 07 

() 40 
55 40 
65 25 
62 86 

9 50 




1,835 77 


71 25 




93 65 


16 00 








431 10 


39 55 


585 24 




585 24 


83 04 






905 35 


1,283 79 


1,098 86 


33 45 


1,065 41 




1,065 41 


258 15 






70 29 


1,740 16 
1,400 00 

1,032 18 

1,567 85 












500 GO 


667 75 


1,922 21 
1,400 00 


515 90 


1,406 91 
1,400 00 




1,406 91 
1,400 00 


900 00 








368 85 


206 05 
482 04 
745 60 
219 00 
363 25 


146 00 

228 63 

37 60 

73 01 

52 40 


1,062 72 




1,062 72 




1,062 72 


663 33 




802 30 
314 60 


1 4!)0 89 



40 00 


1,450 89 




1,450 89 


450 95 







62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 31). 



A. 1809 



Appendix F. — Return of fees and emoluments of County 



County 

or 
district. 


County town. 


Ofhce. 


Officer. 


"6 

IB 

a 

3 
O 

a 
< 


.-2 2 


Waterloo 


Berlin 

Welland 

Guelph 

Hamilton 


Sheriff 

Surrogate Judge 


Moses Springer 

Judge Chisholm 

J. J. A. Weir 

W. H. Bowlby, Q.C.. 

John McDougall . . . 

A. J. Peterson 

James Smith 

Judge Fitzgerald .... 
.... 

T. D. Cowper 

<i 

I. P. Wilson 

R McKim 


S c. 

1,743 90 
680 75 
169 40 
418 30 

1,276 35 
228 75 
412 45 

1,017 86 

1,847 53 
409 45 
123 90 
469 36 

1,347 15 
123 20 
343 45 
841 03 

2,015 17 

* 1,000 00 

833 44 

2.079 54 

1,484 52 
140 37 
523 70 

1,415 44 

3,200 11 
1 1,175 50 

commuted 


S c. 
100 00 








Crown Attorney 

Clerk of the Peace 

Local Registrar 

County Court Clerk 

Surrogate Registrar 

Sheriff 

Surrogate Judge 

Local Mast-ir 

Crown Attorney 

Clerk of the Peace 

Local Regibtiar 

County Court Clerk 

Surrogate Registrar 

Sheriff 

Surrogate Judge. 

Crown Attorney 

Clerk of the Peace 

Local Master 

Local Registiar 

County Court Clerk 

Surrogate Registrar 

Sheriff 

Surrogate Judge 

Local Master and De- 
puty Rf^gistrar 






1,075 00 






Welland 



















600 OO 






Wellington 




Judge Chadwick 

H. W. Peterson 

A. M. McKinnon 

Wm. Carroll ........ 

Ale\. Mackenzie 

John H. Murton 

Judge Snider 

J. E. O'Reilly 


















750 00 


Wentworth .... 




3,500 00 



19i.75 surplus fees paid Judge Jamieson. 



1 8567.60, surplus fees paid Judge Monck. 



52 



62 Victoria 



Sessional Papers (No. 31). 



A. 1899 



Jadicial Officers in the Province of Ontario, etc.— Continued. 



Total earnings and 
salary in each 
office. 


Total earnings and 
salary by officpr 
in all his offices 


Total received for 
present y t ar ' s 
services. 


£.2s 
■e ai 


Total receipts by 
officer from all 
his offices. 




Net income. 


Amount paid to 
Government un- 
der 57 V. c. 9. 


E 
o 
o 

-u 

a 

[3 
< 


•S c. 


■S c. 

1,843 90 
680 75 
169 40 

1,694 65 


$ c, 
1,789 38 


$ c. 
157 41 


% c. 

1,946 79 
680 75 
158 75 

1,692 55 


.i> c. 
739 34 


$ c. 

1,207 45 
080 75 
149 70 

1,292 55 


% e. 


% c. 
1,207 45 




680 75 




156 45 

321 10 

1,232 35 

1,303 75 

412 45 


2 30 
94 60 
44 50 


9 05 
400 00 




149 70 


418 30 




1,292 55 


1,276 35 
1,303 75 







1,716 20 


1,716 20 


311 45 


1,404 75 




1,404 75 


412 45 








1,017 86 

1,847 53 
533 35 




1,017 86 

1,760 2] 
580 85 


400 00 
605 60 


617 86 

1,154 63 

580 85 




617 86 




1,422 28 
409 45 
97 SO 
333 35 
822 88 
697 60 
322 95 
837 93 

1,959 65 


337 95 




1,1.54 63 


409 45 




580 85 


123 90 


73 60 
79 40 
470 89 
28 30 
22 30 








469 35 

1,347 15 

723 20 

343 45 


1,817 50 
1.907 68 


1,700 52 


634 55 


1,071 97 




1,071 97 


1,910 58 


296 10 


1,614 48 


11 44 


1,603 04 


841 93 




1 50 














2,015 17 
1,000 CO 

2,912 98 


142 41 


2,102 06 


1,306 80 


795 26 
1,000 00 
1,881 43 





795 26 






1,000 00 

2,657 43 


1,000 00 


833 44 


598 75 

1,794 38 

1,127 38 

890 37 

521 30 

1,415 44 

2.928 18 


184 00 


776 00 




1,881 43 


2,097 54 

1,484 52 

890 37 


80 30 
163 61 






2,374 89 


2,181 36 


247 10 


1,934 26 




1,934 26 








523 70 
1,415 44 

^ 9nn 1 1 


3 25 
45 13 

209 02 


524 55 
1,460 57 

3,137 20 
1,175 50 

3,500 00 


7 20 
175 00 

1,723 00 
200 00 


517 35 
1,285 57 

1,414 20 
1,175 50 

1 3,300 00 




517 35 






1,285 57 
1,414 20 


- 1,175 50 

3,500 00 1 




1,175 50 




3,300 00 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 31). 



A. 1899 



Appendix F. — Eeturn of fees and emoluments o! County 



County 

or 
district. 


County town. 


Office. 


Officer. 


■d 

a 

a 
s 

s 

< 


^^1 

.'SI 
=-£ 

«3 


Wentworth.— 


Hamilton 

Toronto ....... 

Toronto . . 


Crown Attorney 

Clerk of the Peace 

Deputy Clerk of Crown. 

County Court Clerk 

Surrogate Registrar 

Sheriff 


John Cterar, Q.C.... 
S. H. Ghent 

J. H. Widdifield .... 
Judge McDougall . . . 
Judge Morgan 


S c. 
1,384 38 
1,032 55 
361 50 
1,293 40 
2,252 70 

6,100 05 
2,900 75 


S c. 




500 00 


York 






Surrogate Judge . 

Crown Attorney 

Clerk of thf Peace 

Surrogate Registrar 

County Court Clerk 

Sheriff 






666 00 




Judge Morson 




666 Oo 




H. H. Dewart 

T. H. Bull 


3,248 23 
4,276 86 
4,476 28 
4,602 85 

7,840 87 
4,071 00 










Jos. Tait 

Hon. A. M. Ross . .. 

Fred W. Mowat 

J. W. Curry 














Crown Att )rney 





* Of this S6.30 was earned before 1893. 



54 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 31). 



A. 1899 



Judicial Officers in the Province of Ontario, e'c. — Continued. 



Total earnings and 
salary in each 
office. 


Total earnings and 
salary by officer 
in all his offices. 


Total received for 
present year's 
services. 


Total received for 
previous year's 
services. 


Total received by 
officer from all 
his offices. 


CO 

Si 

S 

-a 
« a 


6 

S 

o 

"S 


Amount paid to 
Government un- 
der 57 V. c. 9. 


S 

o 
o 
_a 

n 
'3 

o 

<3 


8 c. 

1,384 33 

1,033 55 

861 50 

1 293 40 


S c. 
2,416 93 

4,407 60 


S c. 
1,334 38 
1,032 55 
826 93 
1,131 35 
2,042 42 

4,945 42 


S c. 


8 c. 
2,416 93 


S c. 
530 00 


$ c. 
1,886 93 


•>' c. 


•? c. 
1,886 93 




45 15 
160 31 

129 58 

*1,347 05 


4,335 71 


797 55 


3,538 16 


569 08 


2,969 OS 


2 252 10 
















6,100 05 
2,900 75 


6,292 47 
2,900 75 
666 CO 
666 CO 
3,681 73 
4,180 69 
4.476 28 
4,581 12 

7,615 90 
3,809 00 


2,867 68 


3,424 79 
2,900 75 
666 00 
666 00 
2,784 23 
2,996 38 
3,214 49 
3,207 88 

3,245 31 
3,373 00 


275 54 


3,149 25 
2,900 75 


666 00 










666 00 


666 00 










666 00 




3.248 23 
4,276 86 
4,476 28 
4,602 85 

7,840 87 
4,071 00 


2,619 63 
3,038 45 
4,476 28 
4,569 12 

6,011 77 
2,953 00 


1,062 10 
1,142 14 


897 50 
1,181 21 
1,261 79 
1,376 24 

4,370 59 
430 00 


1C6 84 
149 27 
407 25 
422 51 

223 59 

261 90 


2,677 39 
2,847 11 






2,807 24 




15 00 

1,604 13 
856 00 


2,785 37 




3,021 72 
3,111 10 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No, 31). 



A. 1^9 



Appendix G. — Showing total and net receipts of officers in 1898, and the earnings 



County 

or 
district. 



Algoma 



County town. 



Sault Ste. Marie. 



Brant 



Bruce 



Brartford 



Carleton 



Walkerton . . 



Ottawa 



Office. 



Sheriff W. H. Carney 



Officer. 



Surrogate .Judge 

Loral Master 

District Crown Attorney. 

Clerk of the Peace 

Local Registrar 

District Court C'erk 

Surrogate Eegi^trar 



.Judge .Johnston 



J. J. Kehoe 



G. McG. Farwell 



Sheriff | Wm. Watt. jr. 

Surrogate Judge Judge Jones . . 

local Master j " 

Crown Attorney j G. R. VanNcrman, Q.C. 

Cleik of the Peace 

Local Registrar J.T.Hewitt 

County Court Clerk 

Surrogate Registrar 



Sheriff 

Surrogate Judge 

Local Mas-ter and Local 

Rpgii-trar 

Crown Attorney 

Clerk of the Pf ace 

County Court Clerk 

Surro' ate Registrar 



1 



F. S. O'Connor. 
•Judge Barrett . . 



W. A. ISIcLean . 
Thomas Dixon . 

Matthew Goetz. 



Sheriff. 

Surrogate Judge 
Local Master . . . , 



John Sweetland 

Judge Ross 

W. L. Scott . . . 



56 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 31). 



A. 1899 



each officer payable by the Government, the County, and the general public respectively. 



Total receipts. 


Net receipts. 


From 
Government. 


From County. 


From 
general public. 


•S c. 
3,119 42 
98 30 


■S c. 

1,572 94 

98 30 

56 90 

1,150 77 


•S c. 
*2,371 27 


•S c. 


S c. 
835 52 
98 30 


56 90 






E6 90 


1 lo8 77 


122 30 

t806 40 

150 00 

600 00 












1,157 47 


1,105 14 




40 00 




231 67 






135 90 


2,105 20 


1,721 50 
commuted at 
commuted at 

1,389 56 


1,039 71 
588 00 
577 00 
391 60 
164 30 
675 GO 


435 53 


501 39 








1,389 56 


204 48 
629 18 






2.206 80 


1,374 59 


60 70 






458 15 










1,012 95 


2,515 92 
605 95 


1,665 76 
605 95 

commuted at 

1,891 80 


815 00 


631 05 


978 70 
605 95 




1,300 00 
374 88 






1,891 80 


9 00 
1,159 25 


5 00 
9 50 


1,986 80 


1,657 55 


859 10 








1,071 93 


4,401 30 
tl,000 00 


2,152 75 
1,000 00 
2,435 81 


1,660 65 


781 85 


1,974 36 
1,362 05 


2,758 91 






2,029 30 











■ This includes $1,000.00 salary. 



tThis includes $400.00 salary. 
Judge Mosgrove. 

57 



tp62.05 paid in addition t 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 31). 



A. 189& 



Appendix G. — Showing total and net receipts of 



County 

or 
district. 



Carleten — Coft , 



Dufferin 




Ottawa 



OrangevlUe 



Elgin 



Essex 



St. Thomas 



Sandwicli 



Deputy Registrar 

Crown Attorney 

Clerk of the Peace 

Deputj- Clerk of Crown. 

County Court Clerk 

Surrogate Registrar 



Sheriff 

Surrogate Judge . . . . 

Local Master 

Crown Attorney 

Clerk of the Peace. . 

Local Registrar 

County Court Clerk. 
Surrogate Registrar. 



Sheriff 

Surrogate Judge . . . . 

Local Master 

Crown Attorney 

Clerk of the Peace . . 

Local Registrar 

County Court Clerk . 
Surrogate Registrar. 



Sheriff 

Surrogat i Judge 

Local Master 

Deputy Registrar 

Crown Attorney 

Clerk of the Peace 

Deputy Clerk of Crown 



Officer. 



W. L. Scott . . 
J. A. Ritchie. 



J. P. Featherston. 



Thomas Bowles . . 
Judge McCarthy 



W. J. L. McKay 



John McLaren 



Dugald Brown . 

Judge Hughes , 

Robert Miller. . . 

D. J. Donahue 
(I 

David McLaws 



J. C. Her.... 
Judge Home 
J. F. Hare . . 



A. H. Clwke 



F. E. Marcon. 



58 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No. 31). 



A. 1899 



officers for 1898, earnings and sources from which derived, etc. — Continued. 



Total receipts. 


Net receipts. 


From 
Government. 


From County. 


From 
general public. 


$ c 


$ c. 


$ c. 


f c. 


$ c. 
633 05 


2,098 35 


1,057 39 


738 80 
.S(i5 35 
4.^0 00 






572 64 


409 85 


4,111 26 


3,008 30 


678 25 




. 1,112 60 










1,870 96 


1.907 65 


1,384 23 
commuted 
62 28 
463 65 


897 15 
168 00 


376 04 


520 76 


63 78 




85 82 


653 65 


204 05 
207 15 
675 00 








416 24 


37 00 


1,450 65 


1,438 90 


102 15 
250 45 










425 65 


2,511 07 


1,517 20 

commuted 

432 51 

2,160 60 


1,403 01 
681 00 


354 74 


423 07 


536 51 




913 31 


2,448 32 


909 82 

673 89 
675 00 








636 16 




2,499 80 


2,136 40 


287 95 






670 89 










826 78 


3,172 58 
409 75 


1.696 18 
409 75 
560 95 


1,584 30 


534 27 


1,254 01 
409 75 


716 95 






603 75 








183 10 


1.562 52 


962 52 


508 97 
190 10 
450 00 


4 28 
595 03 


101 00 
266 95 


2,169 53 


1,909 53 


224 55 



59 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 31). 



A. 1899 



Appendix G. — Showing total and net receipts of 



County 

or 
district. 



E^sex. — Continued . . 



Froateaac 



Grey 



Haldimand 



County town. 



Sandwich 



Kingdtou 



Owen Sound. 



Cayuga. 



Office. 



Officer. 



County Court Clerk F. E. Marcon 

Surrogate Registrar " 



Sheriff ... .. .. 

Surrogate Judge 

Local Masters . . 



Crown Attorney . . . 
Clerk of the Peace . 

Local Registrar 

County Court Clerk 
Surrogate Registrar. 



SheriflE 

Surroga jB Judge . . . 

Local Master 

Crown Attorney . . . 
Clerk of the Peace . 

Local Registrar 

County Court Clerk 
Surrogate Registrar. 



J. L. Whiting, Q.C. 



Sheriff Wm. Ferguson 

Surrogate Judge Judge Price . . . 

Local Master J. M. Machar, y,C 

Crown Attorney 

Clerk of the Peace . . 

Local Registrar 

County Court Clerk 

Surrogate Registrar 



Archibald McGill. 



C. H, Moore ., 
Judge Creaaor 



Judge Morrison . 
A. G. McKay , . . 
Wm. Armstrong 
George Inglis. .. . 



R. H, Davis . . . . 
Judge McMillan 



C. W. Colter 



James Mitchell . 



60 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 31). 



A. 1899 



officers for 1898, earnings and sources from which derived, etc. — Continued, 



Total receipts. 


Net receipts. 


From 
Government. 


From County. 


From 
general public. 


$ c. 


$ c. 


$ c. 


$ c. 


$ c. 
640 60 










854 38 


2,157 35 


1,416 98 

commuted 

571 40 

1,193 95 


1,079 29 
752 00 


466 42 


611 64 


671 40 




353 97 


1,293 95 


307 00 
142 00 
675 00 


774 15 




1,985 75 


1,310 75 


109 15 




434 45 










827 06 


2,832 36 


1,988 71 
597 25 

395 05 

580 85 

898 51 

1,276 93 


1,106 31 


789 32 


797 00 
597 25 


398 30 






462 71 


617 35 
1,333 51 

2,610 57 


206 37 
973 17 
750 00 


412 73 
230 48 


9 17 

129 86 

80 CO 


» 




687 75 








1,092 82 


1,738 44 
396 91 


1,470 44 
396 91 


*],066 36 


402 53 


248 36 
282 75 








330 56 


1,832 28 


1,500 28 


46-) 77 
162 .S8 
600 00 


25 63 
941 49 


150 26 


1,497 50 


1,461 90 


117 25 




198 90 










581 75 













''Of this $100 is salary, 
61 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional l*apors (No. 31). 



A. 1899 



ppRNDix G. — Showing the total and net receipts of 



County 

or 
district. 


County town. 


Office. 


Officer. 






Milton 

Belleville ., 

Goderich 

Chatham . 


Sheriff 


M. Clements 

Judge Hamilton 

T. G. Matheson 






Hurr( gate Judge 

Local ^Master 






Crown Attorney 

Clerk of the Peace 

Local Registrar 

County Court Clerk 










W. A. Lawrence 




<( 




Geo. F. Hope 

.Judge Lazier 

S. S. Lazier 






Sheriff 












Local Master and Deputy") 
Registrar. / 

Crown Attorney 






P. J. M. Anderson . . 
A. G. Northup 












Deputy Clerk of Crown 

County Court Clerk 






it 


Huron 


Sheriff 


R. G. Reynolds 

Judge Masson 






• 




Local Master 


Judge Doy le 




Crown Attorney 


Ira Lewis 




Clerk of the Peace 

Local Registrar 

County Court Clerk 


11 




D. McDonald 




Surrogate Registrar 


,, 


Kent 


Sheriff 


John 1. Gemmill 

Judge Bell 

" '^'Hara 








Surrogate .Judge 

Local Master and Deputy"! 





G2 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 31). 



A5 1899 



officers for 1S98, earnings and sources from which derived, etc. — Continued. 



Total receipts. 


Net receipt.s. 


From 
Government. 


From County. 


From 
general public. 


•^ c. 

1,158 41 

478 00 


•■r< c. 
835 81 
475 50 


••^ c. 
621 04 


>< 0. 

336 49 


$ c. 

16 00 

396 40 








86 10 


1,985 68 


1,864 89 


324 00 
250 89 
600 00 




2 25 


1,265 65 


94 93 


1,440 29 


1,140 29 


74 30 
153 20 










612 79 


2,720 60 


1,899 22 
commuted at 

2,450 00 

2,621 28 


1,348 00 
500 00 

3,000 00 

1,562 75 
2»7 68 
450 00 


693 14 


1,045 96 


3,000 00 


commuted 

60 00 
1,121 28 




3,177 77 


152 00 
111 23 


2,576 00 


1,751 14 


327 80 
870 78 
926 75 

859 67 










2,239 05 


1,567 94 


817 10 


495 62 



*1,000 00 


1,000 00 

291 87 

1,377 64 






1,019 25 

340 28 


302 42 






2,157 64 


546 20 

232 35 
750 00 


28 90 
1,100 00 






4) 50' 
313 40 


3,165 15 


2,335 07 






391 05 
1,710 70 

915 30 










2,420 90 


1,298 24 
commuted 

commuted 


1,145 30 
450 00 

1,600 00 


806 57 









' Also $19.25 paid to Judge Doyle. 

63 



6'- \'ictoiia. 



Sessional Papers (No. 31). 



A. 1S99 



Appendix G. — Showiner total and net receipts of officers 



County 

or 
district. 



Kent. — Continued. , 



Lamb ton 



County town. 



Chatham , 



Sarnia . 



Lanark 



Leeds and Granville. 



Perth 



Broekvile 



Office. 


Officer 




Crown Attorney 


Wm. Douglas, Q.C 




Clerk of the Peace 


W. A, Campbell 




Deputy Clerk of Crown 


. . . . .- 


County' Court Clerk 


'• 






,, 




Sherifif 


Jas. Flintoft 




Surrogate Judge 


Judge Robinson 




Local Masters . . -j 


Judge Mackenzie 




Crown Attorney 


J. P. Bucke 





Clerk of the Peace 


W. R. Gemmill 




Local Registrar 




County Court Clerk 


'• 




Surrogate Registrar 


.< 




Sheriff 


Jas. Thompson 




Surrogate Judge 


Judge Senkler 




Local Master 


E. G. Malloch 




Crowii Attorney 




Clerk of the Peace 


Charles Rice 




Loc<*l Registrar 




County Court Clerk 






Surrogate Registrar 


" 




Sheriff 


G. A. Dana 




Surrogate Judge 


Judge M-Donald 





Local Masters 



Crown Attorney 



Clerk of the Peace 

64 



Judge Reyn(]ds 
M. M. Brown . . 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 31). 



A. 189^ 



officers for 1898, earnings and sources from which derived, etc. — Continued. 



Total receipts. 


Net receipts. 


From 
Government. 


From County. 


From 
general public. 


$ c. 
2 546 73 


$ c. 

1 QQI 7S 


$ 0. 

1,059 22 
195 01 
450 00 



$ c. 


S c. 
30 CO 




1,000 00 


262 50 


2,414 50 


1,738 05 


120 00 




897 40 










997 10 


2,851 50 
482 75 


1,964 34 
482 75 


1,096 10 


435 81 


839 81 
482 75 










276 65 


276 65 
1,898 57 







276 65 


2,289 88 


858 66 
257 90 
676 00 


23 32 
1,020 00 








2,606 30 


2,328 64 


498 46 
538 49 








894 35 


1,703 39 
427 95 


1,241 52 
427 95 


810 94 


505 50 


335 71 
296 20 








118 81 




934 39 


504 43 
165 10 
675 00 


88 64 
383 31 


34 00 
49 55 




1,716 35 


195 50 






262 85 











621 44 


2,512 87 
657 70 


1,321 46 
657 70 


946 25 
600 00 


400 73 
commuted 


1,122 23 

57 70 
603 61 


603 61 


603 61 
1,768 52 







1,918 52 


649 33 
224 70 


• 


2 OO 




730 59 


311 87 



5 L.O, 



65 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 31). 



A. 1899 



Appendix G. — Showing total and net receipts of oflB.cerg 



County 

or 
district. 



Leeds and Grenville. 
— Continued 



Lennox and Addt'n . 



Lincoln 



County town. 



Brockville. 



Napanee 



St. Catharines . 



Manitoulia 



Middlesex 



Gore Bay 



London 



Office. 



Local Registrar 

County Court Clerk 

Surrogate Registrar 

Sheriff 

Surrogate Judge 

Losal Master 

Crown Attorney 

Clerk of the Peace 

Local Registrar 

County Court Clerk 

Surrogate Registrar 

Sheriflf 

Surrogate Judge 

Local Master and Deputy 
Registrar. 

Crown Attorney 

Clerk of the Peace 

Deputy Clerk of Crown 

County Court Clerk 

Surrogate Registrar 

Surrogate Judge 

District Court Clerk 

Surrogate Registrar 

Sherifif 

Surrogate Judge 

Local Mabter and Deputy "^ 

Registrar J 

Crown Attorney 

66 



Officer. 



Saml. Reynolds 

tc 

G. D. Hawley 

Judge Williamson . . 

S. S. Lazier 

S. C. Warner 

W. P. Deroche 

<< 

Thomas C. Dawson 
Judge Senkler 

F. W. Macdonald . . 

M. Brennan 

J. Clench 

<< 

Judge JohnEton . . . 
Wm. S. Francis . . . 

D. M. Cameron 

Judge Wm. Elliott 

R. K. Cowan 

Jas. Magee, Q.C... 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 31). 



A. 1899 



for 1898, earnings and acoarces from which derived, etc. — Continued. 



Total receipts. 


Net receipts. 


From 
Government. 


From County. 


From 
general Public. 


S c. 
2,784 35 


$ c. 
2,209 51 


$ c. 
750 00 


S c. 


$ c. 
218 60 






592 38 
1,223 37 

526 15 










1,145 53 


893 19 
commuted. 
80 60 
809 66 


688 71 
400 00 


401 05 


105 60 




97 30 
68 00 


964 36 


124 80 
110 07 
600 00 






644 10 


37 84 
291 70 
369 70 
384 15 

953 01 


1,645 55 


1,572 36 














2,420 53 


1,936 32 
commuted. 

2,090 10 

1,491 80 


1,031 80 
566 00 


548 70 


2,090 10 




2,090 10 


1,642 30 


634 00 
156 50 
450 00 






756 20 


95 60 
140 00 
410 34 
825 23 

24 00 
235 05 


1,978 12 


1,763 37 














24 00 


24 00 
*636 05 






636 05 


350 00 








51 00 

1,067 77 
tl,320 40 

1,869 88 
4 25 


4,207 88 


2,312 85 
commuted. 

1,483 17 
2.256 15 


1,813 84 
1,000 00 


1,390 02 


1,827 44 




3.263 11 


1,305 04 


52 00 



* Including salary of $350. 



t Judge Edward Elliott $320.40. 



67 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 31). 



A. 1899 



Appendix G. — Shewing total and net receipts of officers 



County 

or 
district. 



County town. 



Middlesex.— Con 



Muskoka 



Nipissing 



Norfolk 



London 



Bracebridge 



North Bay 



Simcoe . 



Office. 



Clerk of the Peace 

Deputy Clerk of Crown . 
County Court Clerk . . . 
Surrogate Registrar 

Sheriff 

Surrogate Judge 

Local Master 

District Crown Attorney 

Clerk of the Peace 

Local Registrar 

District Court Clerk 
Surrogate Registrar .... 

Sheriff 

Surrogate Judge 

Local Master 

District Crown Attorney 

Clerk of the Peace 

Local Registrar 

District Court Clerk . . . 
Surrogate Registrar 

Sheriff 

Surrogate J udge 

Local Master 

Crown Attorney 

Clerk of the Peace 

Local Registrar 

County Court Clerk 

Surrogate Registrar 



Officer. 



Jas. Magee, Q.C. 
John Macbeth . 

James W. Bettes 
Judge Mahaffy . . 

Thomas Johnson 

Isaac Huber 

(( 

H. C. Varin .... 
Judge Valin .... 

A. 6. Browning 
(( 

Thos. J. Bourke 
(t 

(< 

Joseph Jackson . . 
Jndge Robb 

J H. Ansley 

C. C. Repelje.. .. 



68 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (^o. 31). 



A' 1899 



for 1898, earnings and sources from which derived, etc. — Continued. 



Total receipts. 


Net receipts. 


From 
Government. 


From County. 


From 
general public. 


•S c. 


$ c. 


•S 0. 
510 17 
500 00 


$ c. 

1,076 98 


$ c. 
315 16 


4,015 90 


2,667 31 


272 40 






927 60 






. 




2,429 90 


2,220 17 


1,500 65 
47 50 


*2,130 45 




47 50 




47 50 











1,466 29 


1 073 94 


r660 91 
516 83 
600 00 










138 37 


920 82 


912 07 





108 35 
62 07 










150 40 


2,909 25 


1,067 88 
40 00 


t:2,327 25 






40 00 




26 50 








13 50 


799 20 


680 85 


1586 32 
313 66 
150 00 
450 00 












1,007 30 


953 60 




130 40 
220 65 








56 25 


1,615 86 
261 80 


1,422 43 

251 80 

! 


814 65 

1 


451 99 


185 35 
250 00 


1 




273 00 
769 74 


1 80 


1,370 93 


1,333 47 


197 70 
107 90 

675 00 


21 00 
9Ti Q1 


1,713 04 


1,640 08 


287 15 






326 80 










618 ^Q 













Of this S500 is salary. 



Including S250 salary 

69 



Of this S750 is salary. 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 31). 



A. 1899 



Appendix G. — Showing total and net receipts of officers 



County 

or 
district. 



Northumberland and 
Durham 



Ontario 



Oxford 



County. 



Cobourg 



Whitby 



Office. 



Sheriff 

Surrogate Judge. ... 

Local Master 

Crown Attorney . . . . 
Clerk of the Peace . 

Local Registrar 

County Court Clerk . 
Surrogate Registrar . 



Sheiiff 

Surrogate Judge . . . . 

Lo:al Master 

Crown Attorney 

Clerk of the Peace . 

Local Registrar 

County Court Clerk. 
Surrogate Registrar. . 



Woodstock 



Parry Sound 



Parry Sound 



Sheriff 

Sun ogate Judge 

Local Master and Deputy 

Registrar 

Crown Attorney 

Clerk of the Peace 

Deputy Clerk of Crown 

County Court Clerk 

Surrogate Registrar 



Officer. 



Sheriff 

Surrogate Judge 
Local Master . . . . 



I. 0. Proctor 

Judge Benson 

J. H. Durable 

J. W. Kerr 

John Fisher 

J. F. Paxton 

Judge Dartnell 

J. E. Farewell, Q.C 

L. T. Barclay 

({ 

James Brady 

Judge Finkle 

W. T. McMulien. . 

F. R. Ball, Q.C. ... 

James Canfield 

Samuel Armstrong . 
Judge McCurry . . . . 



70 



62 Victoria 



Sessional Papers (No. 31). 



A. 1899 



for 1898, earnings and sources from which derived, etc. — Continued. 



Total receipts. 


Net receipts. 


From 
Government. 


From County. 


From 
general public. 


$ c. 
2,969 84 


S c. 

1,291 09 

commuted at 

265 30 

1,619 70 

2,232 32 


S c. 

l,i;<2 60 

810 00 


$ c. 
747 99 


$ c, 
1,197 32 


265 30 




265 30 


1,998 05 
2,966 72 


611 60 
178 75 
750 00 


45 CO 
742 25 


358 40 
276 70 






642 95 










1,397 07 


1,497 49 

745 08 


1,167 87 
735 08 


721 42 


494 60 


379 66 

520 75 








159 33 


1,872 01 


1,478 82 


467 75 
304 61 
675 00 


959 76 


55 la 

11 75 


1,923 90 


1,683 90 


47 00 






448 00 










753 90 


2,277 68 
847 00 


1,241 88 
847 00 

824 54 

1,488 41 


1,054 S5 


438 86 


645 35 
847 00 


928 54 






1,093 24 


1,491 22 


462 20 
121 55 
450 00 








743 16 


8 20 


3,001 15 


2,527 73 


361 00 
650 35 










1,556 75 
268 64 


1,997 57 


1,146 37 
24 00 


*1,5.55 56 




21 00 




24 00 


















1 



This includes $500 salary. 

71 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 31). 



A. 1899 



Appendix G. — Showing total and net receipts of officers 



County 

or 
district. 



Parry Sound. — Con. 



Peel 



Perth 



Peterborough 



County town. 



Parry Sound . 



Brampton 



Stratford . 



Peterborough . 



Office. 



District Attorney . . . 
Clerk of the Peace . 

Local Registrar 

District Court Clerk 
Surrogate Registrar. 

Sheriff 

Surrogate Jadge . . . 

Local Master 

Crown Attorney . . . 
Clerk of the Peace . 

Local Registrar 

County Court Clerk 
Surrogate Registrar. 

SherifiF 

Surrogate Judge . . . 

Local Master 

Crown Attorney . . . 
Clerk of the Peace . 

Local Registrar 

County Court Clerk . 
Surrogate Registrar. 

Sheriff 

Surrogate Judge . . . 

Ijocal Master 

Crown Attorney . . . 
Clerk of the Peace . 

Local Registrar 

County Court Clerk. 
Surrogate Registrar. 

72 



Officer. 



W. L. Haight 

(I 

E. Jordan 

Robert Broddy 

Judge McGibbon . . 
it 

W. H. McFadden . . 
J. A. Austin 

•John Hossie 

Judge Barron 

John Idington, Q.C. 

James MacFadden . . 
(• 

C( 

James A. Hall 

Judge Weller 

Robert E. Wood . . . 

t( 

John Moloney 



^2 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 31). 



A. 1899 



for 1898, earnings and sources from which derived, etc — Continued. 



Total receipts. 


Net receipts. 


From 
Government. 


From county. 


From 
general public. 


$ c. 
458 61 


$ c. 
391 95 


§ c. 

*340 90 

180 35 

600 00 


$ c. 


S c. 

6 20 

76 88 


689 68 


677 57 




20 35 
7 70 










61 63 


2,042 16 
434 35 


936 94 
434 35 


1,316 21 


369 95 


426 74 
320 90 








100 25 


2,442 44 


2,279 71 


729 35 
.S50 60 
600 00 








1,148 03 


215 58 


1,785 13 


1,579 61 


221 80 






318 33 










660 61 


2,560 88 
976 25 


1,480 34 
961 25 


969 50 
873 00 


468 86 
commuted 


856 78 




177 00 


1,336 20 


934 22 


349 00 
115 40 
675 00 


10 60 

844 56 


20 50 
621 59 


3,070 60 


1,841 96 


632 00 
563 50 










1,429 50 

530 34 

296 00 


1,969 48 
722 90 


1,266 63 
722 90 


951 29 


498 15 








426 90 


1,542 25 


1,501 45 


554 72 

142 98 
675 00 


60 00 

754 91 


111 87 


1,705 23 


1,416 23 


136 00 






343 00 










551 23 



This includes $212.33 salary. 

78 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 31). 



A. 189^ 



Appendix G. — Showing total and net receipts of cfl&cers 



County 

or 
district . 



Frescott and Russell. 



County town. 



L'Orignal 



Prince Edward 



Rainy River . 



Picton 



Renfrew 



Rat Portage 



Pembroke 



Office. 



Sheriff 

Surrogate Judge . . . 

Local Master 

Crown Attorney . . . 
Clerk of the Peace , 

Local Registrar 

County Court Clerk . 
Surrogate Registrar. 



Sheriff 

Surrogate Judge 

Local Master 

Crown Attorney 

Clerk of the Peace 

Lo?al Registrar 

County Court Clerk . . . 
Surrogate Registrar . . . 



Sheriff 

Surrogate Judge 

Local Master 

District Crown Attorney 

Clerk of the Peace 

Local Regis':rar 

District Court Clerk 

Surrogate Registrar , 



Sheriff , 

Surrogate Judge 
Local Master . . . 



Officer. 



Albert Ha gar. . 
Judge O'Brian. 

John Maxwell 



John Fraser. 



Jas. Gillespie 

Judge Merrill 

C. H. Widdifield . 
J. Roland Brown. 



W. H. R. Allison, Q.C. 



W. H. Carpenter 
Judge Chappie . . 



H. Langford 

Frank J. Apjohn 



Wm. Moffatb. 
Judge Deacon 



"This includes $500 salary paid by Government. fThis includes $200 salary paid by Govern- 

74 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 31). 



A. 1899 



for 1898, earnings and sources from which derived, etc. — Continued. 



Total receipts. 


Net receipts. 


From 
Government. 


From county. 


From 
general public. 


$ c. 

1,809 79 

155 40 


$ c. 

1,012 10 

155 40 


$ c. 
*852 27 


$ c. 
289 24 


$ c. 
702 24 
124 00 








58 07 


1,103 51 


1,077 51 


132 84 
127 65 
675 00 






840 02 


5 00 


1,230 12 


1,004 52 


124 00 




201 44 










343 52 


1,530 85 
233 00 


598 15 
233 00 
113 65 
946 90 


t809 49 


466 76 


209 58 
233 00 


188 65 






269 20 


995 50 


231 50 
126 63 
600 00 








610 70 


43 45 


1,563 22 


1,499 72 






404 75 










558 47 


3,085 37 

48 50 


1,954 84 
48 50 


J2,290 08 




643 95 
48 50 










725 15 


717 15 


§473 15 
262 00 
700 00 












1,164 58 


1,164 58 




183 30 
204 30 










76 98 


2,475 73 


1,727 03 
321 35 


1,104 71 
264 00 


551 21 
commuted. 


815 23 
57 35 













ment. JThis includes $1,000 salary paid by Government. §This includes $250 salary. 

75 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 31). 



A. 1899 



Appendix G. — Showing total and net receipts of officers 



County 

or 
district. 


County town. 


Office. 


Officer. 


Renfrew.— Con 


Pembroke 

Barrie . . 

Cornwall 

Port Arthur 


Crown Attorney 

Clerk of the Peace 


J. H. Metcalfe , 






Archibald Thomson 




County Court Clerk 

Surrogate Registrar 

Sheriff ... 






<( 




Hon. Chas. Drury . . . , , 

Judge Ardagh 

J. R. Cotter 




Surrogate Judge 

Local Master 




Deputy Registrar 






Crown Attorney . 

Clerk of the Peace 

Deputy Clerk of Crown 

County Court Clerk 


„ 




J. McL. Stevenson 




Surrogate Registrar 

Sheriff 


,1 


Stormont, Dundas 
and Glengarry 


A. McNabb 


Surrogate Judge 


Judge Pringle 




Local Master 


i( 






Jas. Dingwall 






11 




Local Registrar 


John A, McDougald 




County Court Clerk 


Helen McDonald 


Thunder Bay 


Sheriff 


Alex. W. Thompson 


Surrogate Judge 


Judge Fitzgerald 






<• 




District Crown Attorney 

Clerk of the Peace 


Thos. A. Gorham 

i( 









tincludes S250 salary. *Thi8 includes 



76 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 31). 



A. 1899 



for 1898, earnings and sources from which derived, etc. — Continued. 



Total receipts. 


Net receipts. 


From 
Government. 


From County. 


Frona 
u 


S c. 
1,368 68 


S c. 
1,291 63 


$ c. 
541 00 
216 49 
600 00 


$ c. 


« c. 




495 10 


29 94 

94 05 

465 27 

402 35 

958 01 


1,561 67 


1,394 62 














3,757 59 


1,954 64 

commuted 

2,680 60 


1,611 15 
585 00 


558 69 


3,074 86 




229 50 
303 11 
115 45 
456 90 
185 20 
806 04 
1,227 75 

965 24 
551 25 
333 35 






16 00 
889 41 






1,025 05 
283 86 
500 00 






2,718 99 


2,189 20 








964 74 


2,680 83 
884 60 


1,229 77 
884 51 


980 52 










1,090 35 


317 79 
145 10 
750 00 


35 67 
771 61 




208 36 
895 60 
510 10 
845 20 

679 76 
71 25 
22 40 




1,390 60 






845 25 


842 25 

1,835 77 
93 65 






2,458 99 


1,864 96 




93 65 










624 79 


585 24 


431 10 
83 04 


1 













$1,000 salary paid by Government. 



77 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 31). 



A. 1899 



Appendix G. — Showing total and net receipts of oflBcers 



County 

or 
district. 



Thunder Bay. — Con. 



Victoria . 



Waterloo 



Welland 



County town. 



Port Arthur 



Lindsay , 



Berlin . 



Welland 



Office. 



Loal Registrar 

District Court Clerk 
Surrogate Registrar . 



Sheriff 

Surrogate Judge . . . 

Local Master 

Crown Attorney . . . 
Clerk of the Peace . 
Local Registrar . . . . 
County Court Clerk. 
Surrogate Registrar . 

Sheriff 



Surrogate Judge . . . 

Local Master 

Crown Attorney . . . 
Clerk of the Peace . 

Local Registrar 

County Court Clerk. 
Surrogate Registrar. 



78 



Officer. 



James Meek 



John McLennan 
Judge Dean . . . . 



A. P. Devlin 



Wm. Grace. 



Moses Springer . . . . 
Judge Chisholm . . . . 

J. J. A. Weir 

W. H. Bowlby.Q.C. 

John McDougall . . . 



A. J. Peterson 



Judge Fitzgerald 
T. D. Cowper 



Sheriff James Smith 

Surrogate Judge . . 

Local Master 

Crown Attorney 

Clerk of the Peace 

Local Registrar 

County Court Clerk 

Surrogate Registrar 



Isaac P. Wilson. 



This includes $ 100 salary 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 31). 



A. 1899 



for 1898, earnings and sources from which derived, etc. — Continued 



Total receipts. 


Net receipts. 


From 
Government. 


From County. 


From 
general public. 


$ c. 
1,098 86 


$ 0. 

1,065 41 


% c. 
600 00 


« c. 


$ c. 
305 35 
258 15 










70 29 


1,922 21 


1,406 91 
commuted 
commuted 

1,062 72 


905 55 
500 00 
900 00 

338 85 

93 60 

675 00 


531 05 


303 36 








1,062 72 


492 73 


30 00 

77 00 


1,490 69 


1,450 89 


127 30 






314 60 










450 95 


1,946 79 
680 75 


1,207 45 
680 75 
149 70 

1,292 55 


* 951 89 


452 23 


439 78 
680 75 


158 75 






169 40 


1,692 55 


413 15 

268 27 
1,075 00 


5 15 
1,000 00 






8 05 


1,716 20 


1,404 75 


228 75 






412 45 


1,017 86 


617 86 

1,154 63 
580 85 






1,017 86 

520 55 
409 45 


1,760 23 

580 85 


733 10 


693 88 








123 90 


1,706 52 


1,071 97 


469 35 

113 70 
60o 00 








1,172 45 


61 68 


1,910 58 


1,603 04 


123 20 






343 45 




] 




841 03 




1 







p aid by Gove rnmeut. 



79 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (Xo. 81). 



A. 1899 



Appendix G.— Showing total and net receipts of officers 



County 

or' 
district. 



Wellington 



Wentworth 



County town. 



Guelph 



Hamilton 



York 



Toronto City 



Toronto 



Toronto 




Officer. 



Sheriff | Robt. :McKim . . 

Surrogate Judge ! Judge Chadwick . 

Crown Attorney H W. Petertson . . . 

I 

Clerk of the Peace I " 

Local Master ' A. M . McKinnon 

Local Registrar " 

County Court Clerk Wm Carroll 

Surrogate Registrar Al-x. Mackenzie . 



Sheriff 

Surrogate Judge 

Local Master and Deputy "j 

Registrar J 

I Crown Attorney 

Clerk of the Peace 

Deputy Clerk of Crown 

County Court Clerk 

Surrogate Registrar 



John H. Muiton 
Judge Snider 



Snerifif 

Surrogate .Judge 



Crown Attorney . . . 
Clerk of the Peace . 
Surrogate Registrar. 
County Court Clerk. 



Sheriff 

Crown Attorney 



J. E. O'Reilly . 
John Crerar, Q.C. 



S. H. Ghent 



J. H. Widdifield . , 
Judge Macdougall 
Judge Morgan . . . . 

Judge Morson 

H. H. Dewart 

T- H. Bull 

Joseph Tait 

Hon. A. M. Robs . 

Fred. W. Mow at .. 
J. W. Curry . . . . . 



80 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 31 \ 



A. 189 9 



for 1898, earnings and sources from which derived, etc. — Concluded. 



Total receipts. 


Net receiptB. 


From 
Government. 


From county. 


From 
general public. 


S c. 

2,102 06 

*1.000 00 


$ c. 

795 26 

1.000 00 

1,881 43 


■S c. 
1,063 45 


S c. 
421 37 


•S c. 
474 83 

1,194 75 
55 75 
60 00 


2,657 43 


777 69 
319 54 


1,700 00 


2,181 36 


1,934 26 


1,484 52 
140 37 
523 70 




750 00 




52i 56 


517 35 

1,285 57 

1,414 20 
1,175 50 

3,300 00 

1,886 93 


1,460 57 






1,415 44 

855 35 
1 743 00 


3,137 20 
tl,175 50 


1,758 50 


586 26 


3,500 00 


3,500 00 

1,384 38 
428 93 
500 00 


commuted 




2.416 93 






603 62 




4,335 71 


2,969 08 


361 50 






1,293 40 
2,252 70 

1,144 82 
4,646 75 










6,292 47 
2,900 75 


3,149 25 

2,900 75 


4,202 80 


752 43 




666 00 

666 00 

3,062 90 

1,014 45 












3,681 73 
4,180 59 
4,476 28 


2,677 39 
2,847 11 
2,807 24 
2.785 37 

3,021 72 
3,111 10 


:i34 00 
2,015 20 


51 33 
1,247 21 
4 476 28 


4,584 12 






4,602 85 
3,817 14 


7,615 90 
3,809 00 


2,950 68 
4,07i 00 


§1,073 05 











Also $194.75 paid Judge Jamieson. 

was payable by City. 
G L.O. 



+ Also $567.50 paid Judge Monck. 

§ Of this $554 was payable by City. 

81 



:0f this $107.20 



REPORT 



BELATING TO THE REGISTRATION OF 



BIRTHS, MARRIAGES AND DEATHS 



PROVINCE OF ONTARIO 



YEAR ENDING 31st DECEMBER 



1897. 



PRINTED BY ORDER OF 

THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY OF ONTARIO 




TOE ON TO. 

WARWICK BRO'S & RUTTER, Pbintebs, &c., 68 and 70 Feont St. West. 

1899. 



Office of the Registrar-General Fjr Ontario, 

Toronto, December Ist, 1898. 

To Sir Oliver Moavat, K.O.M.G., 

Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of Ontario. 

May it Please Your Honour : 

Iq compliance with the Statute in that behalf, the undersigned respectfully presents 
to Your Honour the Annual Report of Births, Marriages and Deaths for the year ending 
Slst December, 1897. 

Respectfully submitted, 

E J. DAVIS, 

Registrar- General. 



[3] 



CONTENTS. 



PAGE. 

Pieport proper 7 

Population adopted as a basis of calculation 7 

Total Dominion immigration in 1897 7 

Total Municipal Registration Divisions in < )ntario 8 

Completeness of returns 8 

Increase of returns 8 

Priniipal new provisions in revised Act of 1896 9 

Table showing percentage of births returned by physicians in cities 10 

Movement of population in Ontario 10 

Population in Ontario counties in 1851—1881—1897 11 

Table of population at diffeif nt life peiiods in England, United States and Ontario 13 

Table from census giving birth rate in 1851 in Ontario 14 

Table of number of births where a physician attended 15 

" " in Alsoma without physician in attendance 16 

Comparative population in towns and villages in 1871, 1881, 1891, 1897 17 

Percentage of deaths by age periods 18 

Birth rate and death rate in foreign countries . . 19 

Marriage rate in different countries 20 

Births in cities 21-22 

M arriages by ages in Ontario cities 22-23 

Table showing percentage of persons married in counties by five year periods 23 

Marriages and births by age periods in Toronto in 1892 24 

Total deaths , 24 

Death rate in foreign countries 25 

Ontario cities . . . 25 

Diseases by classes 25 

Special diseases 26-27 

Deaths from tuberculosis , . 28-29 

Inspector's report 30-31 

Table 1, shewing total births, marriages and deaths by counties 32-33 

" 2, " " " cities 34 

3, " " " towns 35 

" 4, 5 and P, births by eex and months and illegitimate 36 

" 7 and 8, marriages by months and denominations 37 

" 9, death rate per 1,000 by counties for ten years 38 

" 10, recapitula,tion by classes of diseases by counties 39 

" 11, " " cities 40 

12, " " towns 41 

" 13, deaths by individual diseases in counties 42-45 

" 14, " " cities 46-47 

" 15, deat hs from tubercu'osis in Toronto, 1893 to 1897, by ages and occupations 48-49 

" 16, " " Ottawa, " " " 50 

Appendix, with diseases in detail by counties i. — ccxxvii. 



[5] 



REPORT 



RELATING TO THE REGISTRATION OP 



BIRTHS, MARRIAGES AND DEATHS 



IN THE PROVINOE OF ONTARIO, FOR THE YEAR 
ENDING DECEMBER 31st, 1897. 



Toronto, December Ist, 1898. 

To THE Hon. Elihu Jambs Davis. 

Registrar -General of the Province o/ Ontario. 

Sir, — I have the honor herewith to lay before you for consideration, the twenty- 
eighth annual report regarding births, marriages and deaths in the Province of Ontario, 
being for the year 1897. 

Population. 

The population utilized as the basis of calculation for the several tables of the report, 
is estimated from the difference between the number of births and of deaths recorded for 
the year, by the 777 Division-Registrars. 

The total births returned is, 47,323, and the total deaths 27,633, the difference 
giving an actual increase over 1896 of 19,690. This increase added to the assumed 
population of 2,263,492 in 1896, gives a population of 2,283,182, or an increase prac- 
tically of one per cent, of population during the year. No attempt has been made to 
estimate the variation in the population due to immigration and emigration. Owing to 
the transportation of persons through Ontario, en route from Europe to the United 
States, by Canadian railways, and their passage tickets in Europe having often been sold to 
Canadian ports, the immigration returns give results which are little to be depended 
upon in calculating the increase of population from this source. Similarly the emigration 
from Ontario to Manitoba is liable to error owing to many young men going there to 
work in the spring, returning often in the autumn. The following returns relating to 
both immigration and emigration are given : 

According to the report of the Minister of the Interior for 1897, the total immi- 
grants arriving by ocean steamers in Canada, was 27,209 Of these, 19,304 had Canada 
as their destination, 9,709 of them settling in Manitoba, the North- Wait Territories and 

[7] 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32 



A. 1899 



British Columbia, leaving 9,595 for distribution to the other provinces. Making allowance 
for the emigration to the North-West of 455 settlers and assuming half of the 9,140 
immigrants to have come to Ontario, there was an increase of 4,570. 

From the imperfect data obtained from the Board of Trade returns in England, the 
Registrar General there has assumed that, for practical purposes, it is preferable to cal- 
culate population from the difference between the births and deaths in any year, not 
attempting to estimate either the immigrants or emigrants. While manifestly this 
method cannot be adopted for such provinces as Manitoba, where there is a notable influx 
of settlers, yet in an old agricultural community as Ontario, it is probably true that the 
increase in the new mining and lumber districts is offset by emigration from the oldest 
counties where machinery and catfcle-raieing have lessened the need for agricultural 
laborers. 

The total Municipal Registration Divisions in 1898 were 777 

" Division Registrars in organized municipalities " 750 

" Division Registrars in unorganized areas " 27 

** Division Registrars making returns " 777 

By the power placed upon the Registrar-General under the Act to appoint Division 
Registrars in unorganized territory, h^ has endeavored to have a Division Registrar 
appointed in every new group of settlements for convenience of registration, and so far 
as known, there is no single area in Ontario where local registration facilities are absent. 

For the reasons given, it is apparent, that there will be an increase yearly of the 
areas of registration, acd inasmuch as there is no municipal assessment in unorganized 
territory, its population reported upon, being based on the last census, cannot in any 
accurate manner be estimated. The only method possible has been to take populations 
from the municipal assessment, and by assuming the vital statistics for any neighboring 
unorganized territory to have the same relation to population, we may calculate from the 
returns the probable average population. 

Completeness of Returns. 

Practically the whole population of the Province being within some registration 
division, the accuracy of the statistics, assuming that the estimated population is correct 
for the whole Province, will depend upon the completeness of the returns made by each 
registrar. The year 1897 is the first complete year for which returns have been made 
under the Act, as revised and consolidated in 1896. The various provisions made under 
the Act, with a view to improving the returns, have been referred to in the last two 
Annual Reports. 

The operation of the Act is seen by a comparison of returns for the several years, 
1892-1897. 



Year. 


Births. 


Marriagfes. 


Deaths. 


Total. 


1892 


42,176 
42,894 
42,051 
41,628 
46,908 
47,323 


14,482 
14,475 
14,341 
13,987 
14,904 
15,293 


23,120 
22,903 
22,538 
22,461 
24,857 
27,633 


79,778 


1893 , 


80,292 


1894 

1895 

1896 


78,930 
78,076 
86,669 


1897 


90,249 







While it must be remembered that the number of registration divisions has been 
increased since 1892, yet many of these had been already added in 1895, when the 
tctal returns were slightly less than in 1892. The notable increase in the total returns 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No, 32). A. 1899 



in 1897 may, therefore, be fairly attributed to the l^ettft piovisicns of the new Act for 
obtaining returns. As compared with 1895, it will be s^tn from the previous tables, 
that the several increases are : — 

Births 5,695 13.7 per cent., or a total rate of 20.6 per 1,000. 

Marriages 1,306 9.2 " " 6.7 

Deaths 5,172 23.0 " " 12.2 



Total 12,173 or 15.3 per cent. 

These results of the first complete year under the operation of the revised Act must 
be considered remarkable, as illustrating Tnhat is possible, when a practical scheme is put 
in operation, wherein, with exactness of detail in the definite legal requirements of the 
Act, every possible facility has been given, whereby the provisions of the Act may be 
carried out with no inconvenience or irksomeness to a single member of the community. 
The principal provisions of the revised Act whereby these results have been effected 
may be recalled. 

Ist. That whereby physicians, as well as householders, are required to report births. 

2nd. That requiring clergymen to make a half-yearly return of all marriages cele- 
brated by them during the previous half-year, as well as the monthly return of each 
marriage, 

3rd. The clause in the Marriage Act, requiring issuers to forward to the Registrar- 
Oeneral, the particulars of every license issued by them. 

4th. The prohibition of all funerals until a burial permit has been issued by the 
Division-Registrar, which can only be done after registration of the death. 

5th, The privilege of sending all blank forms free through the mails, and the sup- 
plying of post- card blanks of every kind, with envelopes for free transmission by the 
local registrars to clergymen, physicians and householders. 

6th. The increase of the fee to Division- Registrars for each registration return. 

7th. That whereby a Burial permit may be issued, in the case of townships, by the 
nearest Division-Registrar, the original return being sent to the proper Division for regis- 
tration, 

8th. That whereby a clause requires Division Registrars to make monthly returns 
of all deaths from contagious disease occurring during the previous month. 

That the working of the Act has proved, in a large measure, satisfactory, may be 
gathered not only from the increased returns, but also from the comparatively few 
enquiries made during the year regarding the meaning of clauses of the Act, and the 
absence of complaints as to their irksomeness. 

Not only, however, are the returns larger, as already seen, but they are also more com- 
plete than ever as regards the particulars asked for. Indeed, it is now the exception to 
find an incomplete return, and the omission is generally in some unimportant item, not 
readily obtainable by the Division-Registrar. 

In one point only is it believed that the returns are otherwise than practically 
complete, and this is the return of births. While the provision requiring physicians to 
report births has been a most important means of improving the returns, yet there is no 
doubt from a close examination and comparison of returns, that births in some municipali- 
ties are yet by no means complete. By examining returns of Division Registrars who 
are known to take advantage of every known means to obtain complete returns, it is 
found that births stand to deaths, practically as two to one. Again, it will have been 
noticed that since a burial can legally take place only on a burial permit, and as a death 
is a matter of general knowledge, and not readily overlooked, the percentage of increase 
in deaths, with no general increase of sickness, but rather the opposite, has amounted to 
23 per cent., whereas births have increased but 13 per cent. 

9 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No. 32). A. 189 9 



Moreover, in a certain proportion of cases where, amongst the poor, and in outlying 
eeltlements, no physician has been in attendance at a birth, there will be in such cases, 
doubtless, a frequent neglect on the part of householders to register births It is readily 
possible, however, to determine where such omissions are habitual, and it ia found to be 
principally in those municipalities where the Division-Registrar is not allowed the 
legal fee for each registration ; the council having commuted his fees, he agreeing, doubt- 
less under protest, to perform all the duties of cl( rk for a fixed sum. 

The following instances illustrate this point : — 

Toronto Total birtbs 4,078 Total returns by physicians 856 or 21.0 per cent. 

Hamilton " 969 " " about 20 

Ottawa " 1,273 " " 314 or 24.7 

London " .352 " " 27 or 5.0 

Kingston " 356 " " 120 or 34.1 

Brantford " 408 " " 6 or 1.0 

St- Thomas " 221 " •' 2 or 10 

Guelph " 259 " " 10 or 3.8 

St. Catharines " 200 " '* 44 or 22.0 

Belleville " 151 " " 22 or 4.0 

Stratford " 134 " " 21 or 10.6 

Windsor " 237 " " 20 or 8.5 

Chatham " 199 " " 22 or 11.0 

To the great credit, however, of the municipal clerkp, it would peem that many, in 
spite of the fact that they are deprived of what the Legislature his specially stated they 
are entitled to, faithfully perform their duties as Division- Registrars. It is hoped that 
the difficulty may in some manner be overcome by legislation. If then, the percent- 
age of increase, actually obtained in the returns of deaths, be applied to births, and it is 
probable it should be more rather than less, there would be some 4,000 births added to 
the returns, or a total ef 51,500 would have been recorded. If, however, the investiga- 
tion, which has been already referred to, in the larger centres as in several cities shows an 
extended neglect, it is quite probable that even this increase should be further added to, 
in order that the true birth-rate of the Province may be arrived at. It may further be 
stated that from 307 replies sent in answer to a circular to Division Registrars thirty, 
or ten per cent, state their fees are commuted ; and in many others are practically so, 
since the salary as the clerk is reduced. 

Movement of population in Ontario. 

Remembering that the settlement of Ontario has taken place almost wholly within 
the past 100 years, it is manifest that conditions of settlement have made it impossible to 
make comparati '^e studies in any close degree comparable to those which can be made 
between districts in old countries, as England or France, which have been settled for 
hundreds of years. Not less interesting, however, is the study of the statistics which 
are available, such as the census returns, since new influences are seen operative, in some 
ways difierent from those in the older countries of Europe. Especially are such seen 
where settlements rapidly spring up, as now may be seen in the new mining camps of 
British Columbia, and as formerly occurred in Ontario, where the lumbering industry in 
the new agricultural communities, at first formed a large portion of the business of many 
counties. 

Not only did such industries greatly influence the movement of population in what 
was then Upper Canada, but they were repeated decade after decade in successive coun- 
ties as such were opened up for settlement. 

Owing to the fact of the frequent redistribution of population into electoral districts 
with difierent boundaries, it has been difficult to make accurate comparisons of all the 
counties as they now exist, but the following table for three periods taken from the 
census returns for 1851 and 1881 along with the population used as the basis of this 
report, show in an interesting manner the movement of population in atari 3. 

10 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No 32). 



A. 1899 



Table of Population for Counties from Census of 1851, 1881 and for 1897 based on 1891 

Census. 



Counties. 



Algoma 

Brant (cities included) 

Bruce 

Carleton 

Dufferin 




Elgin 

Essex 

Frotiteoao 

Grey 

Haldiotiand 

Halton 

Hastings 

Haliburtoa 

Huron 

Kent 

Lambton . . 

Lanark 

Leeds ani Grenville 

Lennox and Addingtoa 

Lincoln 

Middlesex 

Muskoka and Parry Sound . . . . 

Norfolk 

Northumberland and Durham 

Ontario 

Oxford 

Peel 



Perth 

Peterborough 

PrescotB and Russell 

Prince Edward (cities included) . . 

Renfrew 

Simcoe 

Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry 

Victoria 

Waterloo 

Welland 

Wellington 

Wentworth 

York 



not settled. 


26,104 


25,426 


33,869 


2,837 


64,403 


23,367 


58,876 


(then included in 




Wellington & Simcoe 


22,093 


25,418 


42,361 


16,817 


48,049 


19,150 


40,384 


10,413 


70,539 


18,788 


24,980 


18,322 


21,919 


31,977 


4.5,545 


not settled. 


5,911 


19,188 


76,526 


17,469 


.54,310 


10,815 


52,034 


27,317 


33,975 


50,987 


61,175 


23,120 


26,484 


23,868 


31,673 


32,863 


93,111 


not settled. 


27,204 


21,281 


33,527 


61,961 


77,388 


30,576 


48,812 


32,638 


50,159 


24,816 


26,175 


15,545 


45,454 


\b,2?,l 


30,472 


13,357 


35,937 


18,887 


21,044 


9,415 


.38,166 


27.165 


74,803 


46,050 


66,017 


11,656 


33,655 


26,537 


42,740 


20,141 


31,771 


26,796 


64,6.32 


28,507 


66,952 


48,944 


153,113 



1897. 



46,734 

38,722 
60,642 
82,474 

23,632 
46,087 
50,017 
49,948 
75,667 
24,903 
23,357 
62,880 
6,742 
70,955 
62,368 
58,358 
40,082 
64,693 
26,295 
31,959 
108,334 
17,606 
32,927 
74,867 
48,190 
52,964 
26,423 
54,949 
37,514 
45,115 
20,065 
48,832 
76,212 
74,096 
35,051 
53,633 
32,544 
63,151 
83,780 
298,268 



Excepting Wellington and Waterloo, which were first opened for settlement about 
1825, the other of the following counties had, excepting Kent, made great progress in 
settlement, by the census year 1851. Especially had settlement been rapid between 
1840 and 1850, as may be seen from the following figures of population in Upper Canada in 
different years : 



Population of Ontario in different Years. 



1840, 

1841, 
1842, 
1848, 
1851, 



427,441 
465,357 
486,055 
723,322 
952,004 



1861 1,396,091 

1871 1,620,851 

1881 1,923,228 

1891 2,114,321 

1897 ,. 2,283,182 



It will be seen that as between 1840-51, the population increased over 100 per cent,, 
and that some of the counties — as Brant, Lincoln, Prince Edward — were com- 
pletely settled in 1851, as an increase since then has been wholly in the county towns ; 
the rural population being actually less than in 1851. This loss was apparently in Brant, 
5,234 in 1891 ; and in Prince Edward, 3,434 in 1891. Such illustrations serve to illustrate 
what an unstable thing population in a new country has been. Irom the enormous increase of 

11 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. '32). 



A. 1899 



population in the decade 1840-50, it is manifest that the influences afiectirg the popu'ation 
were external to the Province, EcoEomic causes, as the depression of agriculture in 
Biitain and the Irish famine, p'ayed an important part in the settlement of Upper 
Canada at that time, and such influence was doubtless greatest in those counties already 
partially settled. That during the past three decades, there should have been in such 
counties a successive decline of the population, is a phenometon, the causes of which 
it is here not necessary to discuss at length ; but it is important, as indicating a condition, 
which in succeeding decades, has likewise been operative in other counties, where a 
general settlement followed at a period later than in these oldest counties. 

Thus Perth, Huron, Bruce, Grey, Simcoe, etc., are counties where settlement became 
general only at a time when the oldest counties were practically filled up. 

The following figures illustrate the fact : 



Perth 
Huron 
Bruce 
Grey . . 
Simcoe 



1851. 



15,545 
19,198 
2,8.37 
10,413 
27,165 



1861. 



38,083 
51,954 
27,499 
37,750 
44,720 



1871. 



46,536 
66,165 
48,515 
59,395 
57,389 



1881. 



54,985 
76,970 
64,774 
74,129 
76,129 



1891. 



46,307 
58,173 
64,603 
76,238 
84,828 



Again, a later movement of population went on, whtn the free grant lands of 
Muskoka, Parry Sound. Haliburton, Victoria, Hastings and Renfrew, were opened up, 
after Confederation, and settlement began about 1870 ; and finally there has been a 
widening of this movement during the last fifteen years, since the Caaadian Pacific Rail- 
way opened up the country from Pembroke to Rat Portage. 

From the statistical standpoint, these successive movements of population are of 
extreme importance, in enabling us to study intelligently, those vital conditions which 
afi"ect very markedly, the rates of births, deaths and marriages. 

As an illustration of what is meant. Dr. John Tatham, in the supplement to the 55th 
annual report of the Registrar-General of England, in a special study of the deaths for 
1881-90, says, " It is therefore futile to compare the crude death rates of different districts, 
unless their populations are known 1o be alike with respect to age and sex constitution," 
jand illustrates the fact by taking the populations of Norfolk and Lancashire from the 
census of 1891, and points out the difference in the age distribution. Thus : — 



Under 15 years of age 
15 and under 45 years 
45 and upwards 




352 

479 
169 



Owing to the different distribution of these two populations, as regards rural and 
urban residence, and the diff^erence in occupation, it will be seen that the number of 
persons in Norfolk, over 45 years of age. is 68 more than in Lancashire. As the average 
death-rate in persons over 45 was over four times as great as under that age it is plain 
that no close comparison of the total mortality, or crude death rates, in such cases can be 
made. 

12 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 189 9 



Yet still another illustration of this movement of population and its different 
distribution according to agp periods may be taken from the Report on Vital Statistics of 
Ireland for 1897. In 1897, the returns for Ireland, give births 106,664, and deaths 
83,839, or a natural increase of 22,825. As there were 32,535 emigrants recorded, there 
was, unless made up by an immigration, of which no record has been kept, a loss of 
population of nearly 10,000. While the greatest average marriage rate was 5.03 per 
1,000 in 1897, that in the province of Connaught, including the counties of Galway, 
Leitrim, Mayo, Roscommon and Sligo, average only 3.3 per 1,000, and the average birth, 
late but 20 per 1,000. 

Or to take another return depending upon conditions, comparable to that in at least 
several of our old counties, from the report of the Registrar-General of Scotland, 1897, it 
is found that while in the group of districts known as the Insular Rural, the census of 
1881 gave a population of 130,388 ; this was decreased to 123,163 in 1896. Not only is 
this decline very remarkable, amounting, in spite of the natural increase of births over 
deaths, to 7.225 between 1881-1896, but the excess of females over males, which was ia 
1881, 8,030 in the 130,388, had increased 601 in 1896. As would be supposed, the 
birth rate shows an intimate connection with these figures. THus, whi'e the birth rate 
for all Scotland in 1896, was 30. 9 per 1,000, and that in the principal town districts, was 
32.5 per 1,000 — that in the Insular Rural district was but 22.7 in 1896 — with an illegiti- 
mate rate of 6.65 per cent, of all births, rising in one county to 14.61 per cent, of all 
births. 

Table of Age {percentage'), Distribution of Population in IfiOOfiOO Persons in England 
and Wales, 1881-1890 ; in United States in 1890 Census, and in Ontario, 1891 
Census. 



All age-). 



0-4 

5—9 

10—14. .. . 

15-19 

20—24 

25-34 

35-44 

45—54 

55 and over . 



England. 



Reduced to rate 
1,000,000 I 



128,679 
119,00() 
109,571 
100,007 

90,006 
148,630 
114,039 

84,950 
101,598 



Pnr 

cent. 



12.8 

11.9 

10.00 

9.00 

14.8 

11.4 

8.4 

5.8 

10.4 



United States. 



Population 

in 1890, 
62,622,190. 



7,634,693 
7,573,998 
7,033,509 
6,557,.5r>3 
6,196,676 
9,806,407 
7,051,679 
5,057,802 
5,709,823 



Per 

cent. 



12.19 

12.09 

11 23 

10.47 

9.90 

15.66 

11.26 

8 07 

9.13 



Ontario. 



Population 
in 1891, 
2,114,321. 



239,847 
246,610 
243,277 
232,073 
219,983 
325,520 
226,064 
164,952 
216,052 



Per 

cen 



11.34 
11.65 
11.50 
10.97 
10.40 
15.. 39 
10.69 
7.80 
10.83 



This comparative table illustrates the fact above alluded to, that with but little 
immigration in a population like that in a rural district in England, Ireland and Scot- 
Und, the births are proportionately lower, and hence the percentage of persons living in 
the age peiiod 0-4 is 1 5 per cent, lower in Ontario than in England, and 0.8 than in the 
United States. 

Births. 



In a previous paragraph some of the causes which have been operative in producing 
not only variations in the comparative birth rate of different counties in Ontario have 
been pointed out, but hy comparative illustrations it has been shown that ineve'-y country 
where similar iEfluences have been operative, there are districts in which the birth rate 
is abnormally low. In view, however, of public attention having been called to the low 
recorded birth rata of Ontario, taken as a whole, not only in previous reports oFtheReoistrar~ 
Generil, but also owing to the matter having during the past year been referred to in a 

13 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No, 32). 



A. 185^9 



resolution adopted by the Montreal Sjnod of the Ohurch of England, deploring the fact ; 
and inasmuch as strongly worded articles on the subject have appeared in the daily 
press, it seems proper that the Registrar-General should present as many statistical facta 
bearing on the matter as are available in order that any inferences as to the causes for 
this low birth rate may be based upon extended data. 

The following grouping of Ontario counties, classified as far as practicable on the 
baeii of the periods of their settlement presents facts of interest regarding the birth rate, 
it always being remembered that the returns are to tome extent defective. It will be 
remembered that early settlement was naturally along the great rivers and lakes. The 
inland counties and townships of older counties belong largely to the later railroad build- 
ing period. The several large cities are included in their countiee, and thus make several 
old settled counties, a,* York, Wentworth and Middlesex show large increases in their 
later periods. 

Table from Census of 1851, giving Birth rate per 1,000 population. 



St. Lawrence and Lake Ontario Counties, 

Group 1. 

Cilengarry 19.7 

Dundas 42.6 

Stormont 2.3.5 

Grenville 40.5 

Leeds 21.4 

Group 2. 

Frontenac 36-0 

1 ennox 31.1 

Addington 32.4 

Hastingd 35.0 

Group 3. 

Prince Edward 35.5 

NorthumberJand 41 4 

Durham 30.7 

Ontario 38 . 

Group 4. 

York 37.9 

Peel 30.5 

Halton 22.1 

Wentworth 30.8 

Niagara Peninsula. 

Group 5. 

Welland 31.4 

Simcoe 40.0 

Haldimand 39.8 

Lake Erie Counties. 

Group 6. 

Norfolk 31.2 

Elgin 35.2 

Western Peninsula. 

Group 7. 

Kent 34.0 

Essex 41. ( 

Lambton 30.1 



Lake Huron Counties 

Group 8. 

Huron 45.9 

Bruce.. 37.7 

Grey 41.0 

Simcoe 35.1 



River Ottawa Counties. 

Group 9. 

Carleton 42.7 

Prescott 33.3 

Russell 42.1 



Eastern Inland. 

Group 10. 

Victoria 31.4 

Peterboro' 32.1 

Renfrew .34.9 

Lanark 28 .0 



Western Inland. 

Group 11. 

Brant 34.7 

Oxford 37.2 

Middlfsex 34.5 

Perth 37.0 

^'aterloo 40.5 

Wellington ?2.1 

Dufferin (included in Wellington and Peel) . . 



N'ew'iSetllements since 1S71. 

'^Msoma (pop. 40,272) 35.8 

»Muskoka and Parry Sound (pop. 55,118) . . . .28.8 
'^Haliburton (pop. 6,676) 21.5 



*No exact estimate of population ])os?ible. 
14 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 82 V 



A 1899 



We have, however, yet another table which is instructive as bearing upon the 
completenesa with which births have bean reported, and it is based upon the proportion 
of instances where the physician is reported as being present at a birth. Those instances 
where no physician is reported in attendance form in the newer counties a notable per- 
ceatage of all returns. 

Table of Births in 1897, giving number returned without Physicians in attendance, or 
where Midwives were in fittendan"". 



Counties. 


c 

"m 

Si 

o 
fc5 


6 

> 

-a 


m 
w 

3 


Counties. 


d 

OS 

|o 
"3 
>> 

o 


> 


'S 

o 


Algoma 


476 

24 

304 

410 

118 

52 

280 

139 

424 

42 

19 

151 

234 

177 

221 

159 

112 

40 

39 

32 

46 

293 

530 

148 


91 
10 
91 

1 

2 

60 

52 

27 

2 
42 
57 

2 

9 
10 
24 

2 
56 

27 
48 
70 




906 

771 

1,467 

2,088 

450 1 

801 

1,565 

917 

1,481 

415 

420 

230 

1,226 

1,275 

1,402 

1,231 

752 

1,122 

453 

616 

1,565 

600 

966 

658 


Northumberland and 
Durham 


91 

73 

48 

369 

36 

107 

178 

511 

13 

47 

762 

310 

207 
30 

122 
43 

72 

88 

41 

176 


21 
24 

1 
21 

1 

33 

53 

110 

3 

2 

184 

16 

14 

21 
9 

74 
9 

37 

82 


1,264 


Brant 


Ontario 






903 


Bruce 


Oxford 






1037 


Carleton 

Duflfcrin 


Parry Sound 

Peel 


731 
394 


Elgin 

Essex 


Perth , 

Peterborough 


1,010 
890 


Frontenac 


Prescott and Ruasell 

Prince Edward 

Rainy River 




Grey 


1,571 


Haldimand 


318 
199 


Halton 


Renfrew 






1,526 
1,717 


Haliburton ... 

Hasti ags 


Simcoe 

Stormont, Dundas and 


Huron ' 


1.410 

216 


Kent 


Thunder Bay 


Lambton 


Victoria 


692 


Lanark 


Welland 


652 


Leeds and Grenville .... 


Waterloo 


1,195 
1,145 
1,527 

5,549 


Lenncx and Addington. 
Lincoln 


Wellington 


Weiitworth 


Middlesex 


York 




Total 


Nipissing 


*7,794 


1,388 


47,323 


Norfolk 





*Thus 16.4 per cent of the whole are returned as giving no physician in attendance, while in Toronto 
the percentage is but 2.5 per cent. 

15 



62 Victoria 



Sessional Papers (No. 32,. 



A. 1899 



The following table of municipalities in Algoma shows the wide distribution of the 
population and of the 447 births recorded, thfre being 23 registration divisions and 
several of these include a number of unorganized townships in each. They are extended 
over an area af some 2,500 square miles : 

Births in the municipalities of Algoma in 1898 where no physician was reported in. 

attendance at Births. 



Assignack 

Lruce Mines 

Billings 

Burpee 

Canarvon 

Cockburn Isl 

Chapleau 

Day Mills 

Grore Bay 

Gorion 

Howland 

Hallatn 

Johnstone Tp 

Little Current 

McDonald Tp 

Manitoulin Isl., Unorganized 

Massey Station 

Nairn Hyman 

Plummer A 

Rayside 

Sault Ste. Marie 

Tp 

Thessalon Village 

lehkummnah 

Thessalon Tp 




Number without 
physician. 



10 

3 

G 

2 

14 

17 

1 

2 

9 

2 

6 

1 

5 

14 

15 

7 

1 

3 

11 

3 

16 

IB 

6 

181 



These two tables are new and are of unusual intt rest, from the standpoint of social evolu- 
tion, as giving an accurate idea of the appreciation in which the practice of medicine is 
held in the province, of the advance of settlement and of ihe availability of medical men in 
the different new districts and the financial ability of the people to employ their services 
For practical purposes it may be assumed, since the Division Registrars are required 
to make their returns as complete as practicable, that no physician was employed in tho.se 
instances where no phygician's came is entered in the returns. Thus, in York with 5,549 
births returned, there was but 3-5% where no physician was present. On the other hand, 
in Renfrew, there were 50% of cases where no physician was returned, and practically 
the Eame percentage in Algoma. In the whole province there were 16.4% of cases not 
attended by a physician. What a great assistance the phyeicians may be in securing 
complete returns is amply illustrated by these returns ; and how much neglected this 
duty has been in some places is seen by the results of investigation in the cities already 
referred to. 

Another point of interest as bearing most directly on i,he birth-rate is obtained from 
the following table, giving the population of some towns and villages in succes- 
sive periods. In the column for 1897, the population is that taken from the assessment 
retuins for 1896. The birth-rate in such as are stationary or decreasing in population 



16 



12 Victoria 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 



is illustrated. The low rate in such simply indicates that those persons of a marriageable 
age, notably the young men, have migrated, as may be proven by reference to the low 
marriage-rate in such municipalities, or to imperfect returns. 

Populations of some towns and villages where population has increased slowly, with the 

birth rate in 1897. 



Towns or villages. 



3,00 



Amherstburg . . 

Sandwich 

Bothwell 

Vienna 

Strathroy 

Port Dover 

Port Rowan . . 
InerersoU .... 

Cayuga 

Dunnville 

Port Colborne 

Fort Erie 

Welland 

Thorold 

Port Dalhousie 

Gnderich 

Clinton 

Seaforth 

Kincardine .... 
Southampton . . 
Port Elgin .... 

St. Mirys 

Mitchell ...... 

Listowell 

Elora 

Fergus 

Palmerston .... 
Mount Forest 
Harriston . . . 

Oakville 

Milton 

Aurora 

Newmarket . . 
Port Perry .... 

Whitby 

Oshawi 

Bowmanville . . 
Newcastle 
Port Hope .... 
Millbrook 



1,936 

2,151 

995 

593 

3,232 



4,022 

803 

1,452 

9S8 

835 

1,110 

l,f;35 

1,081 

3,954 

2,016 

1,.^6S 

1,907 

858 



, 


_ 


*3 c 






a 






a>*j3 


.5^ 


^r-i 


i-2 . 


S 00 
§,00 


S05 

2. CO 
0—' 




p^ 


tn 


<! "" 


2,672 


2,279 


2,171 


1,143 


1,352 


1,263 


965 


897 


843 


528 


398 


367 


3,817 


3,316 


2,946 


1,146 


1,213 


1,285 




649 


642 


4,318 


4,191 


4,538 


830 


822 


1,116 


1,808 


1,776 


1,897 


1,716 


1,154 


1,148 


722 


934 


908 


1,870 


2,035 


1,923 


2,456 


2.273 


2,104 


1,129 


879 


1,002 


4,564 


3,839 


3,766 


2,606 


2,635 


2,4.51 


2,480 


2,641 


2,411 


2,876 


2,631 


.3,029 


1.141 


1,4.37 


1,-570 


1,400 


1,659 


1,.342 


3,415 


3,416 


.3,171 


2,284 


2,101 


2,1.52 


2,688 


2,.587 


2,516 


1,.387 


1,304 


1,370 


1,733 


1.598 


1,660 


.536 


2,006 


1,987 


2,170 


2,214 


2,437 


1,772 


1,687 


1,809 


1,710 


1,823 


1,900 


1,302 


1,450 


1,400 


1,540 


1,743 


1,700 


2.006 


2,143 


2,134 


1,800 


1,698 


1,506 


3,140 


2,786 


2, .548 


3,992 


4,066 


4,008 


3,504 


3,377 


2,925 


1,060 


787 


596 


5,585 


5,042 


4,607 


■1.148 


971 


960 



iot^ 



S fl 






13.8 
32.5 
33.2 
24 5 
19.0 
16.9 
10 9 
29.0 
18.8 
15.0 
21.8 
26.0 
15.0 
20.0 
18.9 
16.2 
19.6 
16.5 
10.5 
25.5 
17.8 
18 9 
18.0 
24.4 
18.2 
17 2 
25.6 
9.0 
14 9 
21.1 
25.0 
14.7 
15.0 
10.6 
20.0 
23 9 
22.2 
18.4 
24.0 
22.9 



From these several tables the following facts may be summarized : 

1st. That the older the settlement of any county, or the earlier the period at which 
an agricultural district was filled up with population the less the present relative number 
of settlers, in those periods of life during which children are born, in comparison with the 
number of population, and if this population be not increased, the lower, proportionately, 
will be the birth rate, and the greater the number of deaths relatively of persons in the 
later periods of life. To illustrate the point the following table gives the number 
of deaths at different age periods in two counties and two towns. Renfrew has increase d 
rapidly, while Prince Edward has rather decreased ; Belleville city has remained station- 
ary, while Owen Sound has notably increased. 



2* R.G. 



17 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 



Percentage of deaths by age periods in certain counties and towns. 





^ 








































>. 




























4) 


a 
































O 


^ 






b 


fc. 


U , u 
















■r 






"O 






•* , C5 -r ai 


•^ C5 


•t< 


Ci 


CJ OS 


rr. 


a 












1-1 |(N ,IM 




"i" 








Tt 
































ts 










O O 










Z, 


• 


i-H N eo 


•V 


o 


"" 




(M !N 


CO CO 


-r ,-^ 


O 50 


t>- 


^ 


Renfrew County 


24 


1 
5 3 2 


3 


3 


2 


3 


1 

6 5 


2 


3 


2 


2 


i 

5 8 


8 


9 


1 


Prince Edward County 


16 


i2 


1 


2 


3 


2 


2 


1 


3 


3 


2 


3, 2 


5 12 

1 


23.16 . . 


Belleville 


20 


5 1 


0.5 




2 


2 


3 


3 


9 


3,6 


2 2 


1 
4 11 


17 !i 




Owen Sound 


21 


3 


2 


3 


1 


2 


2 


3 


5 


3 


3 


5 


5 


3 


9 


9 


7 


Q 





2nd. That as teen in Table I in the more newly settled counties, as Bruce, Simcoe, 
Muskcka, and Parry Sound, the birth rate is decidedly higher. 

3rd. That in the most recently settled districts of Algoma, Nipissing and Rainy River 
the birth rate, even though necessarily incomplete, is high. 

4th. That in certain cities the birth rate is lower than in others, and it is seen to be 
always lower in those where population has become more or less stationary, and where 
the age at marriage both of males and females is proportionately higher than where 
population is increasing rapidly by immigration, as is well seen in the subsequent para- 
graph relating to marriages. 

Such are some of the principal conclusions which, as have been stated, are fully borne 
out by the data supplied in the tables. 

We have, however, to deal with other facts which are obtained from the returns, and 
from such data as are obtainable from the assessment returns. There are in Ontario a 
number of cities which during the last nine years have shown a large increase in popula- 
tion, such as Toronto, Ottawa, Hamilton, London, Brantford, Berlin and St. Thomas. 
Their birth rates are low, absolutely and relatively, in comparison with those of any other 
country, as may be seen by reference to Table 2. Further, the marriage rate is an aver- 
age one, as may be seen from the table in a succeeding paragraph dealing with marriages. 

The marriage rates are, however, higher than they should be, inasmuch as it is the cus- 
tom in a certain number of instances for persons residing in surrounding districts to go to 
neighboring towns to be married. Thus, as will be seen in tables under the paragraph 
relating to marriages, Toronto, with a marriage rate of 7.6 per 1000, had but 63% of 
grooms and 85% of brides resident in the city. Hence the true marriage rate would be 
5.7. Age at marriage hs<s a direct bearing on the number of children born, and as will be 
seen from a further table in the same paragraph, there is an upward tendency in the ages 
of those marrying. Thus the mean age at marriage in the thirteen cities of Ontario in 
1897 is, for husbands 29.35, and for wives 25.30. That the rate is, in the instance of 
wives, as favorable to a normal birth rate as in England, is seen in the fact that for 1896 
the rate there was, husbands, 28.43, and for wives, 26.21 years. As has before been 
stated, the birth rate there in 1896 was 29.7 per 1000, or nearly one-third higher than in 
Ontario, for the births recorded. On the basis of the English marriage rate, 7.5 per 1000 
in 1896, the birth rate in Ontario cities as based on the marriage rate, even though it 
be taken as 25% less than the recorded rate of 9 8 per 1000, should be nearly that of 
England, or 29 per 1000. Manifestly, therefore, there is in Ontario cities a birth rate 
not more than two-thirds of the English average, and even if 10% be added on for incom- 
plete returns, it still approaches that of France. 

18 



62Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 



Assuming, however, after allowing for imperfect registrations, that the basis estab- 
lifihed between marriages and births is a fair one, it would seem impossible not to conclude 
that certain other influences, which may be termed of a social or moral character, must 
be operative to produce such a low birth rate 

In the report of the Registrar-General for 1894, some of these influences were 
referred to. According to the standpoint from which the subject is viewed by different 
persons, the duty of the Registrar General is simply to point out the simple tabulated 
results of these returns, and leave to economists and moralists to draw Itsaons from 
them ; or, on the other hand, inasmuch as the population of a state has long been looked 
upon as the real basis of wealth, it would seem proper to briefly refer to these other 
causes which seem to influence the birthrate. 

Assuming then that it is proper to draw such inferences as may fairly be made from 
these statistics, it must be acknowledged with regret that, after making every allowance 
for defects in the returns of births in Ontario, the conclusion seems inevitable that the 
birth rate of Ontario is lower than under normal conditions, such as with the increase of 
population generally, it should be. The following table would seem to illustiate this. 

Birth Bates and Death Bates' in different conntries and states per 1,Q00 population. 



Countrits. 



United Kingdom 1896 

England and Wales . . " 

Scotland " 

Ireland " 

Denmark " 

Norway " 

Austria " 

Hungary " 

Switzerland " 

German Empire " 

Prussia " 

Belgium •' 

France " 

Italy " 

Canada. 

Ontario 1897 

Quebec 1896 

United States. 

Maine , 1896 

Connecticut 1897 

New Hampshire " 

Massachusetts 1896 

Vermont " 

Rhodn Island " 




Natural increase. 



Per cent. 
1.21 
1.26 
1..S9 

.70 
1.48 
1.52 
1.16 
1.17 
1.02 
1.55 
1.62 
1.15 

.25 
1.08 



.87 
1.852 



.616 

.74 

.436 

.80 

.47 

.61 



19 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No. 32) A. Iy99 



Remembering the remarkably low death rate, which we have reason to believe is 
nearly correct, it appears that, compared with the New England States, the increase is 
satisfactory, and indeed most satisfactory, when it is remembered that all of these have 
within recent years received great accessions to the factory population of French Canadians, 
whose fecundity is illustrated by the statistics of the Province of Quebec. It is apparent, 
however, that the rate of increase is notably lees than in almost all European countries. 
If comparison be made of the marriage rates it is apparent, further, that the Ontario rate 
is an average one. 

Thus, in 1896, the marriage rate per 1,C00 was : 

England 7 9 

Scotland 7.2 

Ireland 5 06 

New Hampshire 10.7 (Divorces 1 for 10 marriages.) 

Connecticut 8. 1 

Ontario (1897) 6.7 

That our population is increasing with average rapidity must, from the ecomomic 
standpoint, afford a measure of satisfaction. When, however, the practical completeness 
of the death returns is remembered, it must be apparent that the increase is pnncipally 
due to the remarkably low death rate. Indeed, were the death rate that of France, the 
Ontario population would be practically stationary. If we further examine the marriage 
rate, it appears that no intimate relationship is seen between the low birth rates and 
counties with low marriage rates. See Table I. 

What does seem to be apparent, however, is that counties located in certain sections 
of the country, and settled at more or less distinctly separate periods, show some generally 
operative influences affecting the birth rate, and this in counties where the marriage 
rate is practically up to the average. What seems apparent is that where the popa- 
lations are largely from European countries and from Quebec, where as yet they may 
be said to hold to, in some measure, the simpler habits of life of their ancestors — where, 
indeed, as we may say, life is ruder and more rural — the birth rate is, on the whole, 
definitely higher, even though the marriage rate may be, as it is in many instances, actually 
lower. On the other hand, where cities, towns and villages are older and more numerous, 
where urbanizing influences are greater, where so called modern ideas prevail, and where 
the life of the people has become more artificial, there may be seen a very general ten- 
dency to a lowered birth-rate. 

This subject of the tendency to a lowered birth rate, amongst the more advanced 
peoples of Europe and America has occupied the attention of many statisticians and 
writers on questions of economic and social reform, and those who are leaders of moral 
and religious thought during especially the last twenty-five years. To cite the writings 
of such would require a small treatise ; but it may be said that since the time when 
political economists and philanthropists began, early in the century, to study the problem 
of over population, as during the years between 1840-50, when the first enoimoas emigra- 
tion from the British Isles began, due to depression in agriculture and famine, the question 
of the limitation of the birth rate by prudential marriages, as urged by Malthus, has 
never ceased to be a subjecc of discussion. In still more recent years, however, the ques- 
tion of artificial checks to procreation, has become, as it were, an advance on the teach- 
ings of Malthus, and indeed a school of panophleteers and soi-disant philanthropists, in 
the guise of writers of novels, have brought the teaching;? of the Neo-Malthusians before 
the attention of the public, giving their sophistries those alluring and pleasing qualities 
by which the minds of many men and women are only too readily influenced. It is natural 
that amongst such'\ riters many should be women ; some moved thereto, at times, doubt- 
less from womanly sympithy for their sisters amongst the poor, borne down with the 
cares of children ; others have been urged to speak from the standpoint of the emanci- 
pated woman, whose ambition it is to enter the arena of public affairs and dispute the 
field with men, and a yet still larger number have adopted this new philosophy from 
the standpoint of personal selfishness, and declare that they will recognize no duty 

20 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No. 32). A. 1899 



which will deprive them of the right to enjoy to the fullest whatever society may bring 
them of pleasure, and utterly refuse to undergo, if it can be avoided, the pains and incon- 
veniences of maternity, while accepting the social protection, privileges and joys which 
marriage can bring them. 

It would be idle to expect or deny that as the outcome of such theories, methods 
should follow and be adopted for putting them into practice ; and it would be sheer 
hypocrisy not to acknowledge that the state to day in Canada, by allowing the newspaper 
press to distribute daily by thousands advertisements teaching the arts of prevention, and 
by permitting pamphlets of every form and of a still more reprehensible character to be 
sent broadcast through the mails, is giving its tacit sanction to practices which it makes 
criminal laws to punish. What is still more remarkable is that the state licenses a business, 
and allows the druggist to carry on a traffic without let or hindrance in every form of 
nostrum and mechanical appliance, having for their end such prevention. Physicians 
too are approached, and it is feared may at times accede to the petitions of their 
clients, to undo what nature has asserted is a logical outcome of her laws. 

This is not the place for teaching public morals, but rather to indicate wherein 
the state has duties in the interests of public health and economic progress. History gives 
attestation to the fact that a degeneracy of manners and morals, which in any degree 
affects the sanctity of marriage and degrades nature's functions, bears its legitimate fruits 
in national decay and in the destruction of family life. In 1896, French statistics showed 
that fifty-five Departments out of eighty-seven had decreased in population collectively 
399,001 persons from what they had been in 1886 Indeed, in the year 1865 there were 
but 2.9 per cent, of foreigners in France, while out of the total increase of population 
during the succeeding twenty-five years, 26.4 per cent, of it was foreign, and largely 
of Italians. Her debt is the largest in the world, taxation is unbearable, divorces have 
in recent years notably increased, and prostitution is enormously prevalent. The number 
of children is less than two to a family, while a general law exists that when the birth 
rate falls below four in one family, population becomes stationary or declines. That 
the evils of Neo-Malthusianism are, however, almost as prevalent in certain parts of 
the iNTorth American continent as in France, may readily be concluded from the birth rate 
in the eastern United States, if that of the foreign-born population be excluded. The 
sanctity of the marriage tie is disappearing at a rate as never before elsewhere, divorces 
being as high as one in every eight marriages in Maine, almost as high in New 
Hampshire, and but little less in neighboring States. 

It is manifest, therefore, that if the Anglo Saxon race is to fulfil its destiny on the 
American continent, and play the dominant part over inferior races in the march of 
progress, the exponents ot its assumed superiority will have to preach a gospel of 
patriotism of which to-day they seem singularly blind. Social degeneracy has always 
meant national decay, and it is the simple and moral citizens of to-day who will hold the 
supremacy to-morrow. The matter is one which ought to be of the highest interest and 
importance to the teachers and exponents of public morals ; although there may be seen 
in some directions a curious anomaly, whereby those who sanctify marriage and hold its 
responsibilities inviolable, should at times fail to comprehend that the duty of protecting 
human life post natal, is at least as incumbent upon us as when pre natal. The figures, 
however, of the Report have so many points of interest bearing upon this question, that 
it will have been deemed sufficient if it has indicated some of the salient conclusions to 
which they point. 

Births in Cities. It will be noticed in Table TI., that notable variations exist in the 
birth rate of different cities, that of Ottawa being highest. This is probably due, in part, 
to its rapid increase in population during the last two years, thereby making the divisor 
too low, and partly owing to the fact that a large maternity home registered 137 births 
as having occurred therein. 

The very high rate in Brantford is, likewise, due in part to the population adopted 
for estimation being too small, but it is, undoubtedly, on the other hand, due to the com- 
pleteness of the returns. The very low birth rate in Stratford is due to very defective 

21 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 



returns, and applying the correction made in 1898, due to an investigation by the Inspec- 
tor, the true ra!e would approximate 23 per 1,000. Belleville returns are likewise defec- 
tive, as from a statement made by the Division Registrar, are a'so those of London. 

The following corrected table, in which the population by assessment for 1897 is 
taken, shows the variations due to an incorrect population having been taken : — 

Table with corrected Popidatioas in Cities, 1896, 1897. 



Cities. 


s 

^ C 
< 


Registrar- 
General's 
pstimated 
population. 


c 


Cities. 


Assessment 
population. 


Registrar- 
(ieneral's 
estimated 
population. 


Variation 


Toronto 

Hamilton 

Ottawa 


1896. 

183,172 
50,015 
53,727 
36,224 
18.009 
16,234 
11,021 
10,741 


1897. 

197,938 
52,042 
46,913 
32,914 
20,464 
13,517 
11,010 
11,192 


Increase 
or 

Decrease. 
I. 14.766 
I. 2,007 
D. 6,814 
D. 3,280 
I 2,4.55 
D 2,687 
D. 11 

I 451' ; 


St. Catharines.. 

Belleville 

Stratford . . 

Windsor 

Chatham 

Total 


1896. 

10, 144 

10,399 
10,531 
11,915 

8,788 


1897. 

9,740 

• 10,534 

10.091 

10,905 

9.616 


Increase 

or 
Decrease. 
D. 404 
I. 135 
D 440 


London 

Kingston 


D. 950 

I. 828 


St. Thomas 

Guelph 


430,940 


436,996 


1. 6,056 



Marriages. 

As seen in Table I. the average number of marriages is 6.8 for 1897. There 
is an increase in marriages in Ontario in 22 counties, and a decrease in 16, amount- 
ing to 346, for those counties in which a comparison with 1896 is made in Table I. 
This is, however, due to more complete returns, as has already been pointed out. In cities, 
however, while an increase is seen in seven out of thirteen cities, the fact is observed that in 
Toronto, Hamilton and London, there was a decrease respectively of 100, 19 and 117, 
which, in view of the notable increase in population, is remarkable. Even in Ottawa, 
the rate is a decreasing one if the increase in population be allowed for. 

The average age at marriage in the several cities is set forth in the following 
table : 



The foil at oil ig Tabic gives the Marriages by Ages in the 13 Cities in Ontario in 1891 



Cities. 


Number of 
marriages. 


bo 

CS 

< 


be 

* tr 

2 S 

< 


Cities. 

St. Catharines . 

Belleville 

Stratford 

Windsor 

Chatham 

Total 


O M 

is 


Average age, 
males. 


Average age, 
females . 


Toronto 

Hamilton 

Ottawa 


1,-501 
412 
479 
319 
195 
137 
101 
98 


28.45 
29.87 
28 51 
29.17 
28.92 
29.70 
28.00 
30.23 


24 99 
26.31 
24.45 
25. 2S 
24.77 
25.45 
24.11 
26.86 


88 
103 

45 
615 
115 


.W.77 
29.63 
31.80 
27.78 
i8 82 

29.35 


26.06 
24.75 
26 54 
24.36 


Kingston 

Brantfcrd 

St. Thomas 

Guelph 


25.10 


4,208 


25 30 







After deducting the marriages of non-residents, the rate for these cities gives th e 
following average rate per 1,000 in Toronto and Windsor, taken as illustrations. The 
percentage given is that of groom and bride residing in city and elsewhere. 

22 



62 Victoria 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 



Marriages by Residents. 



Toronto. 



In City .... 
" Ontario 
" Canada 
" Foreig-n 



Groom. 



1,095 

309 

24 

7 



63% 
20% 

15% 
4% 



Bride. 



Windsor. 



Groom. 



1.277 

190 

12 

22 



85% 

n% 

0.8% 
1.5% 



47 I 8% 
. (Not Si3pa-ate 

44 I 7.9% 
524 I 8.5% 



Bride. 



61 I 10% 

d from Ca nada.) 

51 I 8.3% 

81 I 81% 



Xte extent of the marriage of non-residents in difierent counties is further illustrated 
by the fact that of the licenses returned by counties, 2,479, or only 13 per cent, are 
for marriages solemnized elsewhere. It thus appears that with a marriage rate of 9.8 
per 1,000 the annual birth rate of these cities is only 20 6. Assuming that the birth 

Table shewing percentage J Married Persons in each Five-Tear Period by Counties. 





Total num- 
ber of 
married 

persons. 




o 

o 


c 




o 

CO 


ci 

CO 

o 
in 


o 
o 


> 







Algoma 

Brant ■ • 


452 
464 
758 

1,320 
256 
608 

1,940 
686 
810 
326 
210 
61 
854 
886 
868 
842 
442 
922 
332 
404 

1.408 
274 
474 
880 
346 
470 
684 
286 
614 
460 
586 
256 
312 
124 
710 

1,110 
830 
136 
450 
688 
556 
754 

1,098 

3,636 


% 

19 

7 

7 

9 

3 

10 

11 

12 

4 



8 

22 

11 

4 

13 

10 

10 

8 

15 

12 

7 

16 

15 

8 

21 

8 

8 

3 

5 

5 

15 

17 

20 

8 

10 

12 

9 

13 

9 

6 

9 

5 

6 

7 


% 

34 

37 
36 
39 
35 
34 
43 
33 
60 
32 
32 
33 
40 
29 
40 
30 
39 
38 
44 
40 
37 
40 
43 
36 
42 
34 
41 
34 
34 
36 
48 
37 
44 
34 
40 
38 
38 
39 
38 
41 
45 
30 
36 
39 


% 

25 
29 
31 
28 
37 
29 
24 
29 
30 
31 
30 
26 
26 
»35 
25 
28 
27 
37 
22 
22 
28 
24 
22 
31 
24 
31 
22 
27 
34 
33 
18 
22 
20 
31 
29 
30 
27 
19 
28 
31 
26 
35 
31 
29 


% 

11 

13 
14 
11 
12 
14 

9 

10 
16 
14 
13 
11 

9 
18 
10 
15 
10 
12 
11 
11 
12 
11 

8 
13 

7 
14 
11 
20 
14 
12 

7 
13 

9 

17 
11 

9 
11 
15 
12 
10 
12 
14 
12 
42 


% 
5 
6 
6 
5 
4 
4 
4 
7 
6 
8 
5 
4 
6 
6 
5 
5 
6 
6 
4 
4 
6 
6 
4 
5 
3 
6 
7 

11 
5 
8 
4 
3 
1 
7 
3 
4 
5 
3 
5 
3 
• 6 
6 
6 
6 


% 

9 
5 
1 
2 
2 
2 
2 
3 
3 
2 
3 

"3 
3 
2 
2 
3 
2 
2 
2 
3 
2 
2 
3 
9 
3 
2 
3 
2 
2 
1 
2 
1 
1 
2 
2 
3 
5 
2 
1 
4 
3 
2 
3 

2 


% 

4 
3 




3 




5 


Dufferin 

Elo-in 


5 
4 


Essex 


4 


Frontenac 

Grey . 

Haldimand 


5 
5 
3 


Halton 


5 


Haliburton 


3 

5 


Huron 

Kent 

Lambton 


4 

3 
3 
4 


Leeds and Grenville 

Leano.x and Addington . ... 



3 




4 


Middlesex 


3 
2 


Norfolk 

Northumberland and Durham 

Nipis jing 


6 
4 
1 


Ontario 


4 


Oxford 


6 


Peel 


2 


Perth 

Peterborough 

Prescott and Russell 


5 
3 
6 


Prince Edward 

Parry Sound 


5 
4 


Rainy River 


2 


Renfrew 

Simcoe 

Stormont, Dundas and Glergarry 

Thunder Bay 

Victoria .... , 

Waterloo 


4 
5 
6 
4 
3 
5 
6 


Wellington 


5 


York 


6 
4 


Total 


30,586 


9 


38 


28 


12 


5 


4 



23 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 



rate approaches roughly 2 to 1 of deaths in Ontario, or that an average marriage rate of 
7.9, is associated with a birth rate in England of 29.7, the birth rate in Ontario should 
be 25 5 per 1,000. 

Taken in conjunction with the following table of percentage of marriages in the 
several life periods by counties, this table affords evidence similar to that in other 
countries that there is a distinct tendency to delay marriage, which means necessarily 
that the proportion of marriageable persons in any community decreases with each semi- 
decade, and bears a close relationship to the question of a decreasing birth rate. 

Thus, as was pointed out in the report for 1894, in a specially prepared table of 
persons married in Toronto and to whom children born were registered within the 
succeeding eighteen months, the proportion of children born in each semi-decade was as 
follows : 

Table from Report of 1894.. — Number of Marriages and Births by Age Periods in Toronto in J 892. 

Marriages (1,140 total). 



Age periods 


15-20 




20-25 


II 

<C O 

P-I 


25-30 


<u o 


30-35 


0) o 


35-40 


II 

(D O 

P-I 


40-45 


s-f 

4) O 
P-I 


Totals 


145 


12.7 


571 


50 


571 


24.6 


86 


75 


87 


29 


20 


1.7 





Births. 



Age periods 



Totals 



15-20 


11 


20-25 


<B o 
P-I 


25-30 


. a-' 

II 

0) o 

Pj 


30-35 


0^ 

Si 

aj c 

P^ 


35-40 


^ M-i 

<B o 


40-45 


49 


13.5 


193 


53.4 


93 


25 7 


17 


4.7 


6 


1.6 





These figures show that 87.3 per cent, of all marriages took place within the first 30 
years or under of life, leaving but 12.1 per cent.; also that 92.67 per cent, of these births 
occurred with mothers of 30 or under, leaving but 6.3 per cent. They also show that the 
first three periods have a greater percentage of births relatively to marriages by 0.8 per 
cent., 3.4 per cent, and 1.17 per cent, respectively. It may further be remarked that 
English statisticians have laid it do^n as a law that had no woman borne children 
before 30 years the normal birth rate would be reduced by one-third. 



DEATHS. 

The total recorded deaths in Ontario during the year 1897 as seen in Table 1, are 
27,633. Taking the average for the 38 counties whose population has been estimated, 
the returns show an average rate per 1,000 of 11.8, This rate is 0.9 greater than in 
1896, when 24,857 deaths were recorded. As stated in the report for 1896, the present 
Act was in operation for five months of that year, and gave an increase over the preced- 
ing year of 2,396 deaths for the year. This year adds 2,77G, or a total increase over 
1895 of 5,172 »or exactly 23 per cent. As there have been no notable outbreaks of 
contagious diseases during the year, it is evident that the increase is due to more com- 
plete returns. From the very effective operation of that clause of the Act providing 
that no burial can take place until registration of the death has been made, this 
remarkable increase gives the best grounds for the belief that the record of deaths is 

24 



<)*2 \'ict.ir a. Sessional Papers (No. 32). A. 1899 



prr.;iically complete. That the death-rate of Ontario is remarkably low has always 
been assumed from the records of those cities, whose cemetery regulations have made a 
burial permit prior to interment necesBary, and even this notable per centage of increase 
in 1897 does not seriously effect the low record. It is a notable evidence of improved 
conditions of life, and ot the advance of scientific medicine that the death-records of 
all civilized countries show a downward movement. Thus : 

Death rates per 1,000, 

England and Wal. j--, 1896 17.1, or 1 7^1es8 than for preceding 10 years. 

Rutlandshire 12 8 

Berkshire 1 :'.] 

Surrey 1 " ■ 

Scotland, 1896 16.9 " " " 

Insular Rural Districts 13.6 

Ireland, 1897 18.4, slightly greater than for preceding 10 

Maine, 1896 16.07 years. 

New Hampshire, 1»96 18.04 

Connecticut, 1896 17.05 

Qaebec, 1896 21.21 

How low the annual death rate is, especially in certain inland counties, situated ^on 
the highlands of the province is seen in the following instances, viz.: Bruce 9.7, Dufferin 
8.4, Grey 9.5, Halton 9.2, Perth 9.5, Wellington 9 9. These counties while having 
many small towns and villages, are distinctive in the fact that for the most part they 
lie on the the tableland with an average height approaching 1,000 feet above the sea, 
and with a soil composed largely of post glacial, deposits of gravel and sandy loams, and 
have the drainage flowing rapidly toAvards the Great Lakes. As will be seen in a 
later reference table to the death rate from tuberculosis, this elevated area shows its health- 
fulness in a relative immunity from this disease, the rate of the six counties with a total 
population of 300,398 being but 0.9 in 1,000. A fact of importance in this connection is 
that in the counties of Lincoln and Welland, where much of the land is heavy clay, the 
death rates are the highest of all counties except Prescott, which is largely rural, 
Lincoln being 14.4 and Welland 14.4, with a death rate from tuberculosis of 1.8, or just 
double that of the central counties. 

The now well-known effects of drainage in lessening the prevalence of tuberculosis in 
those counties in England situated on clay soils, point to a very obvious need in these 
counties. Oarleton, Prescott and Russell, with a large French population, and high birth 
rate, show also a high death rate, Carleton being 20 3, and Prescott and Russell 16.9. 
The city of Ottawa however, is included in Carleton, and has a death rate high owing 
to a large lying-in hospital, as well as three other large general hospital?, much utilized 
by the new country to the north. The salubrity of the northern wooded districts of the 
Laurentian area whose death rates have not been calculated separately in this report has 
been frequently noted, the death rates from tuberculosis being, estimating the population 
as probably 100,000, less than 0.8 in the 1,000. 

Death Rate in Cities — The death rate in cities is estimated at 18.4 on a popula- 
tion of 436,996. The rate is disproportionately high to that of the counties, but if the 
correction for population, based on the assessment returns, be applied the rate would be 
somewhat lower than is given in the tables. The cities of Guelpb, Stratford and London 
on the central plateau already referred to maintain the same preeminence for health- 
fulness as do the counties. The city of Ottawa, for reasons already given, has an 
abnormal death rate, as compared with other cities. 

Diseases by classes. — In this year's report, a rearrangement of diseases by classes has 
been made in keeping with a proposition being generally accepted for a common system of 
classification approved of by the American Public Health Association, which includes the 

25 



62 Victoria 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 



United States, Oanada and Mexico, that adopted being the Bertillon of the municipality 
of Paris, France. This decision has been arrived at after a careful consideration of the 
question, the object being first to establish uniformity for purposes of comparison and 
further to adopt a classification simpler and more modern than that of the Royal Col- 
lege of Physicians of England, as respects the most recent scientific views on causation 
of disease. The classification is a short form, in which the seveial diseases referred to 
in Table 13 are included in some one class. The Tables 10, 11 and 12 summarize by 
counties, cities and towns the extended tables as found in the appendix. It is to be 
regretted that 2.6 per cent, of all deaths ere found in the ciass of ill-defined causes, 
while by far the largest number of any class has yet to be included under Class XI., 
where the major part are returned as due to debility, atrophy,' immaturity in infants 
and to old age. In other respects the returns may be deemed fairly accurate. In 
Tables 13 and 14, however, the analysis of the classes is given by county and city 
totals for each disease, ©f which ninety -two are set forth in the table. 

Special Diseases. 

Typhoid fever. — This disease shows a mortality of 355. Remembering the general 
increase this is a remarkably low rate, the total deaths being for the five years, 1893-96 
previous, 1,642. 

The death rate is 0.15 per 1,000 population. The incidence of this disease largely 
depends upon the amount and distribution of the rainfall during the summer months, 
and shows its effects chiefly in rural places, towns and villages without a public water 
supply, and in those cities where well water is still partially used. 

What may be termed typhoid years are indicated in the following table of death 
rates in the cities and principal towns. Thus the years 1895 and 1896 show a prevalence 
above the average. 



Deaths from Typhoid Fever in Ontario. 



Cities. 



Toront 



Hamilton 

Ottawa 

London 

Kingatrn . . . . 

Brantford 

St. Thomas . . 

Guelph 

St. Catharice.s 
Bellevi'le . 
Stratford . . 

Windsor, 

Chatham 



Totals 



1893. 




d 


Si 


.ij 


e8 








c:^ 


a 








PlH 


75 


190,216 


50,912 


2 


45,085 


10 


32,650 


9 


19,658 


5 


13 020 


5 


10,583 


4 


10.758 




9,362 


2 


10,124 


3 


9,700 


2 


19,539 


6 


9,242 


3 
133 


420,959 





Ages. 



1894 



192,118 
50,512 
45,535 
32,976 
19,864 
13,150 
10,688 
10,815 

9,455 
10,225 

9,797 
10,644 

9,334 



425,163 ills 



1895. 




1896. 




1897. 


§ 


j:: 


s 

c 


.a 


a 

c 




"S 




e3 


^^ 












s 


« 




a 


s 


o. 


• 


a 




c 


o 




c 




c 


Ol 


'A 



56 


0^ 


'A 
48 


Ph 


194,039 


19.5,979 


197,938 


51,017 


12 


51,527 


14 


52,042 


45,950 


22 


46,449 


16 


46,913 


2'i,296 


12 


32,618 


7 


32,944 


20,062 


16 


20,262 


12 


29,464 


13,281 


16 


1.3.413 


7 


13,547 


10,794 


3 


10,901 


7 


11,010 


10,973 


1 


11.082 


3 


11,192 


9,549 


2 


9.644 


3 


9,740 


10,327 


5 


10,430 


12 


10,534 


9,804 


3 


9,992 


2 


19,091 


10,750 


5 


19,857 


9 


10,965 


9,427 


5 

157 


9,921 


2 
14; 


9,616 
436,996 


429,399 


432,675 





36 
5 

24 
8 
5 
9 
3 
2 
3 
S 
I 
2 

11 

117 



26 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 



Deaths from Typhoid Fever in Ontario. 



Towns. 



Berlin 

Brockville 

Oorawall 

Lindsay . . . 

Niagara Falls 

Owen Sound 

Peterboro' 

Sarnia 

Totals 

Balance of Province 

Grand Total . . . , 



1893. 



7.581 
8,974 
6,947 
6,208 
3,415 
7,653 
10,115 
6,831 



1,788,777 



2,167,460 



37,724 ' 19 
321 



Ages. 



1894. 



a 


Xi 










*± 






Q 


a 




o 


d 


P^ 


'A 


7,656 


5 


9,063 


7 


7,016 


2 


6.270 




3,448 




2,729 


4 


10,216 


8 


6,689 


1 


■ 





550,837 I 27 



1,705,876 253 



473 I 2,189,116 383 

I I 



1895. 



7,732 
9,173 
7,086 
6,332 I 
3,482 
7,S06 I 
10,318 
6,755 



58,681 I 19 
1,723,678 '414 
2,211,101 1588 



1896. 



7,890 


1 
4 


9,624 


6 


7,156 


4 


6,395 


6 


3,516 


2 


7,884 


8 


0,4U 


6 


6,822 





1897. 



7,887 
9,.356 
7,227 
6,458 
3,551 
7,962 
10,525 
6,890 



.59,706 I 36 I 59,856 



1,777,614 374 j 1,760,526 



2,263,492 552 2,257,378 



14 
355 
484 



Smallpox and Scarlatina. No deaths from smallpox occurred in Ontario in 1897, 
and scarlatina shows a small mortality, viz. : 169 deaths. 

Diphtheria and Croup. This disease ranks first in the causes of deaths amongst the 
acute communicable diseases, it causiag 976. The following list give^ the deaths for 4 
years. Remembering the more perfect registration, the rate for 1897 shows a slight decline. 

Thus in 1894 the total deaths were 1075 

" 1895 " " 942 

«' 1896 " " 925 

1897 •• " 976 

The deaths in the thirteen Ontario cities in the same four years were : 



Deaths from Diphtheria in cities — 1893 to 1897. 



Cities. 


1893. 


1894. 


1895. 


1896. 


1897. 


Toronto 

Hamilton 

Ottawa 

London 

Kingoton 


253 

32 

41 

61 

6 

10 
1 
9 

i 
5 
2 
3 
1 


110 

72 

124 

48 

5 
10 

1 

2 

5 

1 

""{2" 


147 

11 

78 

9 

26 

18 

8 

4 

3 

1 

\ 

5 


1.32 

14 

41 

10 

21 

10 

19 

4 

3 

3 

3 

6 

4 


161 
19 
44 
20 
12 


Brantford 

St. Thomas 

■Guelph 


8 

12 

1 


St. Catharines 

Belleville 

Stratford 


4 

2 

3 


Windsor 


8 


■Chatham 


1 



27 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Payv^rs (No. 32). 



A. 1899 



Tuberculosis. For the first time the total recorded deaths in Ontario for this disease 
have reached 3,000, the total number being 3,154. If, however, the percentage of total 
increase of recorded deaths be applied to the rate for 1895, there would have been 3,040, 
so that the rate has not increased, being exactly 11.7 of the total recorded deaths as it 
was in 1895 and 1896. 

This rate includes tuberculous diseases of every kind and gives a rate of 1.4 per 
1,000. High as the rate is; it is low compared with most countries in temperate 
climates. 

Thus England has a rate of 1.30 per 1,000, being but 7 per cent, of all deaths. 
" Scotland " 2.33 " 1,000, or 13.81 " " 

" Ireland :' 2.9 " 1,000, or 15.5 " " 

The rate of England is a phenomenon very remarkable, since while the death rate 
in the decennium 1861-70 was 2.46 per 1.000, it had decreased to 1-3 in 1896, or nearly & 
half less and slightly lower than the rate in Ontario. This is all the more remarkable 
when it is seen that Scotland and Ireland stand almost at the same rate as England did 
thirty years ago. With climates similar this must be conceded as being the highest pos- 
sible test of the progress of that system of public sanitation which has made the Eng- 
lish general death rate with its enormous urban popialation fall as low as that of most 
rural populations. 

Comparing these rates from tuberculosis with neighboring States and Provinces we 
find the death rate in : 

Tuberculosis in Quebec in 1896 to be 1.8 per 1,000 

" New Hampehire 1897 ♦' 1.75 " 

♦• Maine 1896 " 2.05 

Tuberculosis in cities. — Remembering that tuberculosis tends to become especially 
prevalent where population is densest the following rates in Ontario cities are given. 

Death, from Ttihercidosis in Ontario Cities in 1897 and 1S9S. 





1897. 


1898. 


Cities. 


Total 
deaths. 


Ratio per 

1,000 of 

population. 


Total 
deaths. 


Ratio per 

1,000 of 

population. 


Toronto , 

Hamilton 


464 
83 

134 
52 
54 
25 
17 
H 
15 
20 
13 
17 
12 


2.3 
1.6 
2.8 
1.6 
2.6 
1.8 
1.5 
1.2 
1.5 
1.8 
1.3 
1.5 
1.2 


468 
73 

121 
39 
33 
16 
9 
14 
11 
12 
10 
11 
12 


2.39 
1.4 

2.6 


London 


1.2 
1.6 




1.2 


St. Thomas 


.8 


Guelph 


1.2 
1.1 


Belleville 


1.1 


Stratford 


.9 
1.0 




1.2 







Further interest attaches to the returns for consumption in Ontario for almost 
fifty years taken from the census returns, which may be assumed not to include other 
tuberculous diseases. 

28 



<B2 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 



Deaths from Consumption in Ontario in Census Years. 



1851 
1861 
1871 
1881 
1891 
1897 



Population. 



952,001 
1,396,091 
1,620,851 
1,923,228 
2,114,?2l 
2.2.57.378 



Deaths from I Deaths from 
all causes, consumption 



7,775 
10,160 
18,063 
22,727 
24,211 
27 6*?3 



763 
1,509 
2,183 
?,395 

2,485 
3,154 



Some idea, however, of the probable incompleteness of early census returns of 
•deaths may be gathered from the following table of deaths of some old counties. 





Deaths per 1,000. 




1851. 


1861. 


Brant 

Dundas 


8.6 
18.0 
7.4 
7.3 
12,0 
6.9 
8.9 


7.0 
5 6 


Elgin 


7 7 


Halton 


c) 


Kent 


13 2 


Prince Edward 


6 


Waterloo 


8.5 





In Tables 1 5 and 1 6 is given a statement of deaths due to tuberculosis in the cities 
of Toronto and Ottawa by ages and occupations. These are most interesting as 
illustrating not only how this most fatal disease prevails during the wage-earning periods 
of life, but also how its incidence is especially upon the wage-earning classes. 

The total deaths from other special causes are given in Tables 13 and 14 for the 
whole Province by counties, as well as the deaths in cities and towns. The Tables will 
prove of much value for comparative purposes. 

The report for the year 1897 being that for the first complete year under the 
operation of the amended Registration Act of 1896, which has resulted in so notable an 
increase in the completeness of death returns, with the adoption of the Bertillon Syatem 
of classification, and the addition of several special tables, will serve to mark the vital 
statistics of Ontario as now occupying a position for accuracy and completeness of detail 
in large degree comparable to those of the long-established returns of European countries. 
That they indicate the prevalence of certain preventable diseases will readily be admitted, 
but that they also indicate a marked effect of the operation of sanitary laws is abundantlv 
illustrated. That the totU mortality of Ontario compares mo3t favorably with that of 
all other countries is so apparent that we have good reason for asserting that in few if 
any conntriep, is a higher degree of general health maintained, or are greater climatic 
advantages afiorded, whereby the individual may exert his fullest energies with less danger 
of injury to his physical powers and general well-being 

I have the honor to be, sir, 

Your obedient servant, 



29 



PETEfl H. BRYCE, 

Deputy Registrar-General. 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (Ko. 32). A. 1899 



Report of the Inspector. 

Toronto, January 2nd, 1899. 

To THE Hon. E. J. Davis, 

Regiatrar General of Ontario : 

Sir, — I have the honor to report, that during the past year 1 visited, for purposes 
of inspection, the Division Registrars of seventy municipalities within the counties of 
Brant, Carleton, Dufferin, Frontenac, Halton, Hastings, Lincoln, Lennox and Addington, 
Middlesex, Northumberland and Durham, Ontario, Peel, Perth, Peterborough, Simcoe, 
Waterloo, Welland, Wentwortb, and York. I find that, as a general rule, these officials 
are very painstaking in their work, and are honestly endeavoring to secure as complete 
returns as possible of births, marriages and deaths, but frequently their labors do not 
setm to be propeily appreciated by the members of the council, or the residents of thtir 
respective localities. The pec pie do not yet fully comprehend the value of these statistics, 
and many look upon the outlay connected therewith as an actual waste of mcn<y^ 
consequently the Division Eegistrars do not receive that active assistance and synpathy 
frcm the ratepayers to which they are fully entitled. Eut the greatest drawback of all 
is the fact that the physicians throughout the Province, with a few notable exceptions, 
make scarcely any pretence of reporting the birih cases which the y attend — the section 
of the Act requiring their attention to this matter being practically a dead letter. A 
few instances will suffice to ehow the extreme laxity displayed by the doctors in this 
respect : — In Tcrcnto, with birth returns amounting to 4,078, we find that only 856 were 
made by medical practitioners ; St. Catharines shows 200 returns, and only 44 from 
doctors; in Hamilton, less than one-third of the returns are made by physicians, while 
at London, out of 352 returns, not more than 27 were credited to the medical 
fraternity. The Division Registrar of St. Thomas writes as follows . " The medical men 
mfcke but few returns, with one or tvo exceptions." In fact, frcm enquiries made in all 
sections of the Province, the same information is obtained, and that is to the eff'ect that 
the Division Registrars receive but little assifetance from the physicians in the collection 
of their birth returns. This, to a considerable extent, accounts for the apparently 
extremely low birth rate in Ontario. In regard to death returnp, I have good reason to 
think they are much nearer complete as the section in the Act prohibiting the burial of 
any dead body until a burial certificate has been secured is a rather difficult one to get 
over, and I must give the doctors and undertakers credit for pretty strict compliance 
with the Act in this respect. Of course in some places even this imperative section is 
occasionally ignored, but any Division Registrar who is at all anxious to have his returns 
anyways near complete can easily find out the particulars of practically all the deaths 
that occur in his municipality. Marriages are pretty thoroughly reported, tke clergy- 
men, with very few exceptions, giving every assistance in this respect, although some of 
them are occasionally a little slow in making their returns. 

In a former report I made the following recommendationp, viz : " The amount due 
each Division Registrar, as sho^wn by certificate from the Registrar General, should be 
a lien upon said municipality until paid, and no mutual agreement for commutation 
should be considered legally binding upon the Division Registrar." I would again make 
tjiis recommendation, and in addition would suggest that the Act be changed so that the 
Department would have the power to appoint a Division Registrar in the place of tie 

30 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No. 32). A. 1899 



Municipal Clerk in municipalities where the work is not being well done, or where the 
Councils do not allow the Clerks sufficient salary to enable them to do the work properly. 

In regard to the clerical work and the general conapleteness of the returns received, 
I have much pleasure in stating that a most marked improvement has taken place since 
the amendments to the Act came into force. Very few schedules have now to be sent 
back for correction and as a rule the returns are received promptly in time at this 
office. The registers at the offices of the various Division Rpgistrars are with few ex- 
ceptions very creditably kept and the almost unanimous opinion expressed on all sides is 
that the adoption of these books, combined with the increase in the fee of registration, 
has done much towards making the collection of vital statistics seem a much more im- 
portant matter than it formerly appeared to be. 

Great strides have been made within the last few years towards the goal of reliable 
and complete returns, but much yet remains to be done. We must enlist the active 
sympathy of all classes of the people of the Province in the wort, but more especially 
so of the medical practitioners. Newspapers can and, in many instances do, give valu- 
able aid, as when they choose they can place the value of vital statistics so clearly before 
their readers that the most skeptical must be convinced ; but after all, the physicians are 
the ones we must place our greatest reliance upon. They can insure practically full 
birth and death returns if they only put a little more energy in the work and with very 
little inconvenience to themselves., A strong effort should be made to bring them into 
line. It isnowneaily three years since the amended Act came into force, and by this 
time all the officials and others whose duties are clearly defined in its several sections 
should be well posted in these duties, and there is now no reasonable excuse why they 
should not comply with them. Under these circumstances I would therefore strongly 
urge that during the coming year prosecutions be instituted in every case where it is 
evident that through indiflerence or negligence the provisions of the Act are not being 
complied with. Such action by the Department would seem to be the only way to stir 
up a keen interest in vital statistics and I have no doubt but that a few prosecutions in 
different sections of the Province would awaken our people to the fact that the registra- 
tion of births, marriages and deaths was a real " live issue " which must be attended to 
in accordance with the provisions of the Act. I have the honor to be, sir, 

Your obedient servant, 
t R. B. Hamilton, 

Inspector. 



81 



6*2 Vict ria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 



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62 Victoria 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 



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33 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 18^9 





Cm 
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34 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 



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35 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 



TABLE 4. 
Illegitimate Births, Twins and Triplets in the Province. 



Illegitimate Births 


Ratio to 1,000 
births. 


Number of pair 
of twins. 




No. 


Proportion to whole number of births. 


cases of triplets. 


728 




15.4 


441 


9 







TABLE 5. 
Births in the Province in 1897, shewing the proportion of Male to Female Birth s 



Sex. 


e 


s 
x> 


u 

c« 




2,052 
1.939 


o5 

c 
s 






1.1 


O 

2,034 
1,773 


la 
1 

o 


u 

i 

o 

Q 


"5 
1 


Males 

Females 


2,113 
1,985 


1,894 
1,924 


2,313 
2,142 


2,012 
2,026 


1,915 
1,817 


2,097 
1,907 


2,174 
2,082 


2 135 
1,975 


1,778 
1,711 


1,837 24,3.54 
1,688 22, 969 


Total 


4,098 


3,818 


4,455 


4,038 


3,991 


3,732 


4,004 


4.256 


4,110 

1 


3,807 


3,489 

103.9 

1 


■ 1 
3,525 47, 323 

1 


Male births to 
100 female 
births 


106.4 


F to 

M. 

101.6 


107.9 

1 


F. to 

M. 

100 7 

I 


105.8 


105.3 


109.9 

t 


103.4 


1 
1 

108.1 

1 


114 7 


108.8 105 9 

■ 



TABLE 6. 
Order of Births by Months in the Province. 



Months. 



March .... 
August . . . 
September 



January. 
July .. 
May .... 
October . 
April . 
June 



A I M 

February . 



December 
November 
Total . . . 



Males. 

2,313 
2,174 
2,135 
2,113 
2,097 
2,052 
2,034 
2,012 
1,!)15 
1,894 
1,8.37 
1,778 
24,354 



Months 



March 

August ... . 

April 

January 

September . . 

May 

February . . . , 

July 

June 

October . . . 

November . 

December . . 

Total... . 



Females. 



Months. 



2,142 
2,082 

2,©26 
1,985 
1,975 
1,939 
1,924 
1,907 
1,817 
1,773 
1,711 
1,688 
22,909 



March 

August 

September 
January. .. 

April 

July 

May 

February . , 
October . . 

June 

December 
November 
Total-.., 



Total 

Males and 

Females. 



4,455 
4,256 
4,110 
4,098 
4,038 
4,004 
3,991 
3,818 
3,807 
3,732 
3,525 
3,489 
47,323 



36 



6^ Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (i^o, 32). 



A. 18S9 



TABLE 7. 
Marriages by Months in the Province. 



Months. 


1896. 


Months. 


1897. 


Qiiartere. 


1896. 


Quarters. 


1897. 


June ... . . 


1,743 


December . 


1,896 


Quarter ending Dec. 31 


4,243 


Quarter ending Dec. 31 


4,7:» 


December . . 


1,583 


June 


1,682 


June 30 


3,782 


" " June 30 


3,577 


September . . 


1,468 


September . 


1,633 


Mar. 31 


3,450 


Sept. 30 3,.'>22 

1 


October . . . 


1,383 


November . 


1,453 


Sopt 30 


3,408 


Mar. 31 3,4.">7 


January .... 


1,296 


October . . . 


1,334 


Date not given 


21 


Date not given 


24 


November , . 


1,277 


March 


1,227 










April 


1,171 


January . . 


1,147 










March 


1,087 


February . . 


1,063 








February . . . 


1,067 


April 


989 










July 


1,050 


July 


968 










August 


890 


August 


921 










May 


868 


May 


906 










Nodategiv'n 


21 


Nodategiv'n 
Total 


24 
15, 293 


Total 




Total 




Total 


14, 904 


14, 904 


15,293 



TABLE 8. 
Marriages by Denominations in the Province. 



Denominations . 


Number of 
persons married. 


Per cent of 
whole . 


Proportion to the whole number 
of persons married. 


Methodists 

Presbyterian.si 

Church of England 


10,480 

6,318 

5,004 

4,370 

■ 1,787 

803 

240 

231 

1.50 

48 

862 

293 


34.3 

20.7 

16,4 

14.2 

5.8 

2 7 

.8 

.7 

.5 

.1 

2.9 

.9 


One to 2.9 per. 

" 4.8 

" 6.1 

7.0 

17.1 

38.1 

127.4 

" 1.32.4 

203 9 

637.2 

35.5 

" 104.4 


sons. 


Roman Catholics 

baptists , 

Ijutherans 




Congregationalists 




Evangelical Association 

Mennonites 




Quakers , 




Other denominations 




No denominations given 




Total 


30,586 


100.0 





37 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32 . 



A 



1^99 



TABLE 9. 

Showing the Death rate per 1,000 of Population in each County of the 

Province for ten j'ears. 



Counties. 



Algoma 

Btant 

Bruce 

Carleton 

Dufferin 

Elgin 

Essex 

Frontenac 

Grey 

Haldimand 

FTalton 

Haliburton 

Hastings 

Huron 

Kent 

Lamb*^on 

Lanark 

Leeds and Grenville 

Lennox and Addington 

Lincoln 

Middlesex 

Muskoka 

Norfolk 

Northumberland and Durham 

Nipis=ing 

Ontario 

Oxford 

Peel 

Perth 

Peterborough 

Prescott and Russell 

Prince Edwaid 

Parry Sound 

Rainy River 

Renfrew 

Simcoe 

Stormont, Dundas and Glen- 
garry 

Thunder Bay 

Victoria 

Waterloo 

Wel'and 

Wellington 

Wentworth 

York 



Average rate 



1888. 



11.2 

7.7 

19 6 

9.1 

11.4 

15.8 

10.2 

7.6 

10.0 

9.4 

7.3 

10.7 

7 5 

9 

9.8 

9.2 

8.9 

7.4 

13.1 

10.4 



1889. 



12.7 
7.4 

18.2 
9 7 
9.2 

12.1 

15.9 



7.0 
8.5 
8.6 

10.7 
7.3 
8 6 
9.5 
8.4 
8.2 
9.4 
11.4 
10 4 



7.3 

8.1 

9^3 
10.9 
9 2 
8.3 
10.6 
14.3 
10.1 



8.2 
8.0 

5.5 

7.7 
14.2 
10 9 

9.1 
1.0.8 
19.3 



8.0 



9.1 
11.1 
11 1 
10 
15.1 
19.0 



1890. 



1891. 



12 3 

7.1 

18.4 

10.0 

9.9 

12 5 

15 7 

7.3 

6.7 

8 9 



10.6 
7.4 
8.3 
9.1 
8.9 
8 8 
7.3 
12.8 
11.6 



8.1 
9.9 



9.4 
11.1 
7.8 
8.2 
11.4 
14.3 
11 3 



11.0 



10.7 



7.2 
6.4 

9.2 

7.7 
11.9 
9 4 
9.2 
14.4 
16 3 



10.5 

8.3 

8.9 

10.8 

9.2 

12.0 

13 7 

7.4 

8 2 

9.3 

8.0 

8.3 

8.2 

8.4 

8.1 

6 6 

7.1 

10 1 

10.9 

8.9 



8.5 
10 7 



9.8 

9.7 

7.7 

8.9 

11.1 

10.6 

11.1 



11.1 



7 7 

8 1 

8.5 

9^9 
11.6 
12.4 
10 1 
IS 2 
15.9 



10.2 



1892. 



11.4 
8.3 

13 6 
9 6 
9.1 

12.2 

14.5 
7.7 

10.3 
9 9 
9.2 
8.9 
8 5 
8.7 
8.4 
7.4 
7.2 
7.7 

14.3 

10.9 



1893. 



11.3 
8.3 

15 5 
8.9 
9.9 

11.9 

12.4 
7.7 
6.6 
9 
8 6 
9.0 
9.1 
8.7 
9.1 
7.6 
8.2 
7.0 



1894. 



11.4 
10.1 



9.5 
10.1 

11.0 
11 4 
7.5 
9.1 
12.1 
12.9 
11.5 



9.5 
8.1 



8.9 



10 9 
10.5 



8.2 
9 7 



10.3 
10.9 
7.9 
8.1 
10.8 
11 7 
11.6 



10.4 

8 7 

16.9 

7 3 

8 5 
11.6 
11.1 

7.8 

9.5 

8.7 

8.2 

7.9 

7.4 

'9.3 

8.0 

8 9 

6.5 

10 2 

13.0 

10.0 



8.1 
10.5 



9 6 

8.2 



8.8 



10.0 
9 9 



10.0 
10.9 
7.8 
8.9 
12.6 
14.9 
12.8 



10.6 
9 3 

7.3 



10.5 
10 6 
11.7 
16.4 


11 1 i 

9.8 

13.1 

16.1 


10.7 


10.6, 



9-7 

9 9 

9 5 

10.3 

12.5 
13.1 



10.3 



1895. 



12.1 
7.9 

17.7 
7.9 

10.2 

12.0 

11.2 
8.1 
8.4 
8.9 

10.7 
9.2 
7.7 
9.2 
7.6 
6.9 
7.3 
6 8 

13 1 
9.6 



9.2 
9.9 



9.8 
10.3 

7.1 

9.0 
10 4 
11.7 

9 7 



9.9 
7.4 



9.0 
10 1 
11.0 

9.5 
12.7 
13.2 



1896. 



10.1 






1897. 



12.3 

9.7 

17 9 

8.0 

10.1 

12.6 

13 3 

9.7 

7.7 

9.2 

12.4 

11.2 

8.3 

9.8 

8.6 

10.2 

10.9 

9.4 

12.2 

8.7 



9.4 
10 1 



10.2 
11.3 
9.4 
8.8 
11.2 
13.1 
13.8 



12.2 
10.7 

9.0 

"98 
10 1 
12.1 
9.5 
13.2 
12.4 



10.9 



15.9 

12.2 

9.7 

20 3 

8 4 
11.0 
12.9 
13.8 

9 5 
10.5 

9.2 

11 2 
11.4 
10.5 
11.7 
10 8 
11.8 

12 5 
12.6 
14.4 

10 7 
11.4 
12.1 

11 6 
23.5 

10 6 

11 8 
9.1 
9 5 

12.0 
16 9 
12.4 
14.7 
33 I 
13.0 
11.7 

12.7 
20.4 
10.8 
10 9 
14.4 
9 9 
12.1 

12 9 



11 6 
8.3 

16.7 
8.9 
9.8 

12.5 

13 1 
7 9 
8.6 
9.1 



9 8 
8.2 
9.1 
8 9 
8.6 
8.5 
8 8 
12.6 
10.1 



8.9 
9.9 

IP.O 
10.9 
8.4 
8.7 
11.2 
13.3 
11 5 



9.6 



12.2 10 8 



Owing to the changing of the territorial boundaries in Algoma, Ni^issing, Muskoka and Parry Sound, 
they have been inserted in this table for 1897 only. 



38 



62 Victoria 



Sessional Papers (No. 32 >. 



A. 1899 



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62 v ictoria 



Sos-ioiial ]*aj)ci'.s (No. 32). 



A. 1899 



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.1 to r-l 



■asqcuao I 






•jaquia^dag | 



•^srUjnv 



i-i 5^ 



S 2 



•Ainf 



--^ s 



•aunf I 2g. 



•A^H 



•[udv I 



•A'-icnucf I 



•iiaAiJl joij 



J8A0 pu« 08 



•6i-0i I 



•69-09 I 



•e-j-os 



■61-51 



•ti-oi I 



•6-Q 



•1>9;b»sio\ 






•(IJ5H.I0J 






•aiBH 



» 1* ;s 



.-1 ■ r- 00 

~-r so 



r-< Vl 00 



.^ SO CO 



^^ CO -M 



(N CO CI 






r-< -M -M 



-M »-* 'M 



MM rf rt 



50 —I ^ 



» 1 


oo t- 


e-i 


-* 


^ 


-^ 


^ 1 


g = 


■N 


01 


§5 


32 






r-l M Ol tH 



» » M 



rt rf O --I 



ILU 



2ZS 



ZOQ 



f£6 



109 



^89 



6K 



969 



l£9 



•q.jjT3IV 1 


o 


fa 


o 


§ 


?i 


CO 


s 


-J" 


'^ 


O) 


O 


■N 


(N 


O 


lOi 


■Xjtjnjqaj 1 


s 


s 


:o 


■3 


i 


n 


s 


'"" 


lO 


rH 


s 


oa 


s 


3 


1 »9 



OLS 



!.e 



06£ 



Ml 



3 S I 0Z9 



I zzs 



19Z 



861 



Z82 



I en 



6I£ 



I 6ZS 



I. fi*T 



fiOI 
8Zl 
ISI 
818 

980Z 
6»9Z 

wn 

I6S8 

900;. 

I8W 
I99S 



w bo 






c a a ;^ 



40 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32 



A. 1899 







■siir»oi 


S 1 S S 1 |; S 


00 CI CO "* 1-1 Tf< t^ 1 

rH ^ rH 1- ^ 1 ggQg 

1 






S 


•.iai(iua.)9(^l 




■----"" 




: K 


, ^ ^ i 2^^ 






•jaquia.vox 


" 


• iS £: ?i 2 5 "^ 


'"' ; 


c: i-< :o CO 






■.laqo^oo 


as as 30 t~ c 1-1 t- 


'"' \ 


-* 


: "" "" 1 091 






Maquraidas 


r- f-t o -.11 (M iri ■.* 

« (M i-H 1-1 •* 


(M 


sa CO o CO 1 






•^suSiiv 


:o fH lo CO iH 1-1 CO 

5^ <M iH rH 


M ^ rH = 


C5 rH 1 

1 891 






•A'lnf 


OT C5 »n CO o o CO 

iH «<5 1-1 >-t iH CO 


f-1 - 


: ^ ^ 


j 88T 






•3(IUf 


r-l in r-l i-c e-i O (N 


*"* \ 


CO 


in c 


j gsi 






•ABK 


o) in o o w o as 

CO C>1 I— 1 1-1 


(N • 


s§ 


00 Ol 1 

1 £fil 






U-idV 


2 Si S 2 3! '"" =^ 

1-4 CO Ol 1-1 CO 


Tf 


t V 


1 681 






'A'aBiuqa^ 

• A■J^'nII^'f 




!:a 53 2 S 2 *~ 

CO O-l 1-^ CO rH 

(N to CO ^ t^ r(< 
CO CM 1-1 CO 


~r5 • 


;o *-! if 


{ 881 




CO 

1-1 


Jl X ir 




*' 


.— ( . T- 


?c *" 


c 


CO 1 

9ST 




GO 

a 



>> 


< 


•uaiAiS ?ojsi 




< --H ; "■ 








rH CO 1 

1 ^^ 




•a3A0 puuos 


-t 


" 51 S i^ '- : 


i ~ 


= 


^ 


IN 

181 




■6i-0i 


t- (N in ot 

t- (M 1- 


CO IT 

CO r- 


35 




g - 


~a: 


: "^ 1 161 
'^ \ 161 




"Go-og 

•69-05 




^ ^ g^ 


in 






■^ 




m 


r-< 1-1 o: N CO '>J 
-V T-K (M _ (M i-< r- 






oc 


= 1 6W 




■6f-Qt 




-* or, (N in in « 






"=■ 


c- 


"1 U 




m 


'n-(s\ 


IT 


OO m w » ui CO 


(N : 






CO 


" 1 6S 




■68-S8 


-* 


OO rH in M --■ 0-1 


CO 






c<- 


-4 


1 69 
1 06 
1 86 




% 5 


■fS-OS 


S> 00 O «■ 


O CO rH 


^ ; 




C^ 


I> 


-^ 




5 ^ 


■62-SS 


c 


.CO CO 1- 


in 






12 




.T ^ 


■t6-05 


a: 


t^ CO -* 00 O (M 

-* i-( 


-* . • 0- 




^ 


CO 


0~ 


1 96 




3 CO 

q 03 


•6X-SI 1 


r1 -* >0 ■* 'I' 1-1 
CO ^^ 








as 


(N 


1 Si 




•f't-Ol 1 


o 


o m iM ^ t~ 1-1 
i-i 








•-' - 


! 0* 




<4 CD 


•6-S 1 


Tji 


00 t~ m in lo -N 








(M 


' 1 88 




Xi 




•tl 




rH CO • CO CO rH 








IN 


1 W 




•8 1 




rH CO • CO •* . 




— ^ 




^ 




I 81 
1 18 




•z 


OO 


!M t- rH t~ (M ■ 






(N 




a 


•II 


o 


1> lO ■* <N o; 

rH CO rH ■ 




t- 




1 f6 




.2 -! 
1 

a 
(A 
o 

<D 
1^ 


.-,| 


b- 


1> Ol S> 00 IM 

m • ■* 00 


r^ T-\ 


IM 


'"' 


e- 


{ 62.^ 




— 5 


■p91«is :tosc 


? 


1 3 S S ^. %\ 


'"' ""^ 


% '~ 


Z; 


? 


{ S6e 




•pauaT^m 


5- 


30 1-1 (N 00 fN iC 
O »rt i^ 1-- CO (M 


t- : 


S ■* 


o 


IT 


'{ lie 


•aiSiiig 


? 


3 1 ^' 1 s " 


-1 CO 


03 .^ 


§ 




} 016 




•pajris !jox 


:" ^ '--'=■' -- : : 


CO 


=■ 


» 


1 91 




■uSia.io^il 


<M .CO in ■ in t^ ■.* (M 


■* 


s =° 


S 


a: 


1 ^ 




■Bpt'lIUO 


S 


-f Cl TO Ci -r « 

y .r. c: o o ^: 


-* -M C^ 


s " 




% 


j ZIW 








•p^:^^;^^^ ^0^ 


;:::::;::;::.: 1 






•aiuiiiad 


CO 


1 1 i 2 1 s 


00 rH rH 


O ic 


« 




\ 0&6 






•aiTJH 


'- 


a> 1^ 00 CO CO CO 


r-^ ^ 


0^ 


s 


? 


j 9i0l 








1 
1 
1 






1 § "•? 

= 5.2S-2 5 


>1 
O 

O 
J 

"3 '-" 


> 

■5 . 

o 

il 

"■•5 3 


O 1 

S ! 
be • 

?5S 


. o 
»3 • § 

K '" • o 

■i ° » ° 

S 1 'S i : 
> 


i 


1 

o 

•5 

•s'l 
1 >* 


■J 

t 
c. 

1 < 


> 
1 >■ 


. 
: 

■ 1 

1 o 
. 1 H 

: 1 
i 1 





41 



6*2 "Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No 32). 



A. 1899 



TABLE 

TOTAL DEATHS BY INDIVIDUAL 






<D ( Typhoid 

3 _ Smallpox 

o i I MeasleB 

Scarlet fever 

Whooping cough 

go I D'phtheria and croup . . , 

P I InHuenza 

L Other epidemic diseases. . 
^ ( Pyaemia and Septicaemia 

"3 Malarii-l Fever 

g OT Tuberculosis and Scrofula 

<o X Syphilis 

^ %■{ Cancer 

Rheumatism and Gout . . 

Diabetes 

Other Oeneral Diseases. 

L Alcoholism 

f Encephalitis 

Simple Meningitis 

Epidemic Cerebro-spinal 

Meningitis 

Congestion ard Hemorr- 
hage of the Brain . . . 
- -{ Softening of the Brain. . 
jQ Paralysis without speci 

ficd cause .... 

Insanity 

Epilepsy 

Conv'lt-ions (n't puerperal) 
L Other Nervous Diseases . 

f Pericarditis 

^o g I Endocarditis 

00 -^ I Organic Heart Diseases . 

1^ j Angina Pectoris 

® o I Diseises of the Arteries, 
Q-- Athe-oma, Aneurism, et' 
^^ I Other Diseases of the Cir- 

L culatory System 

2 r Acute Bronchitis 

"a Chronic Bronchitis 

S Broncho-pneumonia 

^ • Pneumonia 

'S.o j Pleurisy 

„ ^ i C'ng'st'nof the Lungs (in- 
m j clud'g pulmonary apop.) 
S I Asthma and Emphysema 
•2 I Other Diseases of the Res- 

R L piratory System 

§ f Ulcer of the Stoni'ch . . . 
B Other Diseapes of the Sto- 
g^ I mach (Cancer excepted) 
g I Infanti'e Diarrhcea and 
I Gastro-enteritis (Ohol- 

o era Infantum) 

TO I Diarrhrea and Enteritis 

m { ,not infantile) 

0) Dysentery 

2 I Hernia and Intestinal Ob- 
I struction 



21 



12 



44 

1 

8l 10 



4 8 
. .| 3 

2 
15 

1 



1 2 
8 27 



81 14 



I 3 

. . 3 

II 2 



28 



P\ f^ 



6! 

9 
59 
29 



1 21 

48 60 

1 2 



18 46 41 

1 1 1 



51 

I 

39, 

29 

11 

28 1 

791 

6 



19 38 
4 9 



10 



10 n 

1 .. 



198! 2 



10 



5 

2 

103 

2 

19 
4 
8 

17 

io 



1 

30 20 
4 4 



2 .. 

3 1 
70 24 



19 42 



31 10 

.. 5 



6| lOl 



17 



2 

ie 3 



20 



10 10 



21 



4 17 37 

5 
1 If 6 

2| 4 7 



2 4 
13 13 



1 1 

el 1 



30 12 



14 14 

1 .. 



1 1 
2 



21 



31 



20 



12 



?0 10 
17 16 



17 



70 



14 



25 



12 
6 
4 
1 
1 
3 
51 14 



3 11 
Ifil 40 



13| 31 
2 



16 10 8 

5,' 5 4 



31 28 



s i 



12 



64 



3 1 

4 5 



27 



16 261 19 19 

I ' 

9| 10| 41 4 
4 



7| 1 
31' 4 



10 14 



71 4 
1 .. 



42 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (^o. 32). 



A. 1899 



No. 13. 

DISEASES BY COUNTIES IN ONTARIO, 1897. 











1 

1 






















>> 






































'9 












a 


















x" 






^3 












be 

3 







■a 


s 


S 

•> 






EE 

a 


>> 
PC 








a 



.0 








c 
M 
m 

1 




8 
1 


S 

3 


12 


to 
2 


c 

"u 

3 
a 


11 


3 

X 



5 
'2 


'0 
3 


u 
P-i 

9 




1 
'2 


M 


r 
CO 

(- 
cS 
PL| 

3 


5 

10 
1 


V 

6 
1 




e 

6 
1 


a 


.4-3 

cc 

9 

8 


e 

T3 

a 
a 

1 


.5 



u 
6 



7 


a 

5 

• • 


"Si 

_a 

11 


1 

9 

7 







15 


6 
i5 




41 


356 


'5 


"3 


80 


3 




.. 


'6 




'2 




'4 


2 


3 








3 


11 


3 


1 




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92 


169 


9 


i 


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7 


i 


1 


6 


3 


26 


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2 


3 


3 


1 


2 


'5 


5 


6 




5 


163 


43 


4 


1S< 


18 


16 


11 


15 


2 


4 


10 


52 


11 


17 


1 


30 


29 


4H 


4 


8 


26 


21 


9 


"28 


187 


976 


34 


1 


9 


16 


16 


11 


18 
3 


8 


5 


3 


18, 4 


7 


12 


25 
1 


10 


31 
2 


1 


9 


17 


9 


14 


6 


24 

1 


549 
7 


'9 


'3 


6 


3 




'5 


6 




'7 




'2 .. 


2 


'] 


2 


3 


S 






'5 


'5 


4 


""10 


30 


193 


3 




5 


1 








'2 




2 


1 






1 


3 






2 






1 






38 


128 


13 


43 


107 


20 


72 


56 


37 


49 

1 


54 

1 


83 25 

1 


15 


14 


57 


110 


12-2 


10 


40 


44 


51 


60 


126 

1 


"551 
9 


3,154 
20 


44 


"7 


13 


21 


8 


23 


35 


'8 


2fi 


10 


16 14 


3 




i3 


£6 


3R 


■( 


ii 


2i 


13 


29 


39 


140 


927 


10 




1 


9 




1 


3 




5 


4 4 1 






3 


6 


6 




1 


2 


2 


3 


5 


9 


126 


5 


1 


5 


2 


1 


3 


4 


i 


G 


1 1 .. 


"i 




2 


3 


3 


1 


2 


4 


2 




3 


19 


151 


16 


5 

1 


2 


8 


5 


3 


5 


1 


9 


6^ 7 1 




1 
1 


16 


15 
1 


16 
2 


1 


5 


8 


2 
1 


5 


11 


35 
3 


317 
17 


's 




'2 


6 


'1 


4 


'7 




'7 


1 


7< 2 


1 


6 


'9 


8 


3 


'2 


'2 


'2 


6 


'4 


2 


8 


194 


27 


'6 


2 


14 




8 


4 


'3 


18 


8 


6 


4 






3 


17 


8 


3 


5 


6 


5 


13 


10 


F6 


428 


3 




2 


3 




7 


1 






2 


1 








1 


4 


8 


1 


5 


5 


5 


6 


6 


19 


171 


34 


2 


17 


29 


4 


17 


16 9 


21 


12 


5 


6 


4 


2 


4 


18 


8 


3 


10 


9 11 


10 


36 


40 


511 


2 




1 


1 






4 1 

1 


2 






1 






4 










1 


1 




2 


10 


54 


34 


3 


21 


30 


1 


20 


17! 4 


15 


9 


14 


10 


7 




5 


11 


22 




12 


5 


16 


14 


22 


69 


730 


6 






4 




3 


2 .. 






1 .. 








1 








2 


2 




7 


12 


35 


2 




1 


5 




1 


3 




'4 


"2 


6 1 




i 


'2 


8 


1 




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4 


3 


'2 


4 


10 


113 


19 


"s 


9 


22 


2 


9 


6 


5 


13 


13 


18 1 


i7 


8 


18 


20 


18 


5 


7 


25 


10 


14 


18 


104 


624 


6 


3 


1 


1 


2 


1 


5 


1 


1 


1 


..i 3 






4 


4 


5 




2 


3 


3 


3 


5 


9 


110 




■ ■ 






. 






. 


..| .. 
















1 








1 




4 


9 


*3 














1 


1 .. 






1 








'3 












2 


14 


49 


65 


's 


20 


24 


■7 


21 


24 


10 


27 


18 


27 


2i 


8 


2 


ie 


3i 


25 


6 


i2 


n 


'9 


'^7 


58 


237 


1,270 


2 


1 


1 


1 




. • 1 










2 








1 








1 


3 


1 


1 


11 


52 








-1 




1 










1 












2 




1 




2 




2 


87 


ire 


11 


b 


5 


19 


2 


15 


17 12 


2 


8 


4 


1 


2 


7 


17 


29 


18 




8 


10 


9 


12 


2 


21 


542 


27 


6 


4 


5 




2 8 4 


8 


7 


13 


1 


6 


5 


9 


24 


9 


"5 


3 


12 


6 


12 


6 


69 


366 


16 


5 


6 


11 


'3 


11 


7 4 


9; 8' 5 


1 


2 


1 


3 


12 


13 




5 


9 


5 


9 


18 


43 


322 


11 


2 


1 






1 


1 2 


10 


2 


2 1 


3 


2 




5 




'2 


1 


2 


3 


2 


6 


26 


144 


62 


9 


21 


70 


21 


27 


63 


13 


27 


19 


21 


17 


6 


2 


32 


46 


54 


4 


19 


36' 27 


26 


74 


199 


1,566 


4 




2 


3 


1 


1 


3 


1 


2 




3 


1 


2 




2 


] 


2 




1 


3j 3 


2 


4 


6 


77 


34 


3 


14 


14 


7 


5 


12 


7 


8 


10 


8 


5 


2 


3 


11 


27 


22 


6 


15 


16 15 


15 


12 


29 


522 


2 


1 


1 


5 




2 


2 1 


1 




1 


3 






5 


4 


7 


1 


2 


6 


1 




5 


14 


122 


4 


1 






1 


... 1' .. 
























1 




1 


2 


3 


18 


2 


1 




7 


1 


1 . 


















'1 


'3 




'4 


2 


i 


2 


3 


9 


69 


S 






6 






6 




3 3 






3 




3 


10 


8 


1 




5 




1 


7 


21 


167 


3? 


3 


16 


19 


15 


13 


11 


3 


12 


13 


56 


3 


16 


11 


41 


22 


31 


7 


7 


16 


13 


13 


26 


195 


1,119 


17 


2 


11 


10 


1 


7 


6 


3 


3 


3 


7 


4 


3 


8 


14 


11 


4 




6 


1 


2 


5 


15 


21 


300 


5 


1 


1 


1 




5 


1 


2 




3 


1 




1 




5 


5 






1 


1 






6 


11 


92 


2 






s 




! 2 


2 






2 




.. 


1 


1 




3 


2 


1 




3 


1 


5 


2 


14 


110 



43 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Paper.«j (No. 32 



A. 1899 



TABLE No. 13. 
TOTAL DEATHS BY INDIVIDUAL 





s 

c 

< 

1 

i 
1 

"i 


«! 

3 
6 
5 

1 
2 
5 

1 

1 

2 


i! 

b 1 

\ 

2 
6 

7 

1 


0/ 

1 

3 

7 
16 

1 

14 
17 

2 

'5 

ii 

'8 

'5 

95 

102 

88 

111 

1 

2 

18 

1 

'9 

14 
11 

"8 
6 
6 

1,676 




X i 
se 

Q 

'8 
1 

'2 
3 

4 

• • 
1 

• ■ 
1 

'2 

12 

9 
24 

1 
1 

'5 

1 •■ 
'1 

'2 

I 

199 


"Sc 

1 

8 
6 

2 
2 
6 

1 

i 

3 

• 

i 
'2 

23 
3 

65 
1 
1 

is 

'2 

i 

'5 
2 
4 

508 


03 

DO 

2 
11 

'4 
2 
6 

i 

27 

77 
19 

58 

'2 

i 

8 
2 
2 
6 

;i 

'4 

6 
6 

756 




eS 

C 

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9 
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i 

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% 

8 
7 
2 

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65 

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1 
1 

475 


c 

'> 
s 
£ 

ta 

11 

10 
4 

2 

2 

13 

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2 

1 

5 

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1 
11 


a 



a 
1 



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7 
1 

5 
2 
3 

2 

1 

"1 
"5^ 


5 



3 


1 

s 

03 

>! 
>-. 

C 


Oth'r Difeas'scf the Int'st. 

Diseases of the Liver . . . 

Peritonitis (n't puerperal) 

Iliac ab?c's (typhlitip, peri- 
typhlitis, appendicitis. . 

Acute Nephritic 

Bri^ht's Disease 

Other Diseaspsof the Kid- 
neys and Adnexa 

Vesical Calculi 

Di-seases cf the Bladder. . 

Diseases of the Male Gen- 
ital Organs 

Metritis 

Other Dis'es of the'Uterus 

Ovarian Cysts and other 
Ovarian Tvimors 

Other Diseases of the Fe- 
male Genital Organs. . . 

Puerperal Septicaemia. . . 

Puerperal Albuminuria 
and Convulsions 

Other accidents of Preg- 
nancy sudden death. . . 

Puerperal Disease of the 
, Breast 

Erysipelas 

Other Dis.oftheSkin&itfi 
Adnexa( ancerexcep'd) 

Pott's Disease 

Dis. of Bones and Joints 

Amputation (forunspeci- 

^ fied disease) 

^Still-Births 


1 
r> 

6 

1 

7 
1 
'2 


cr 
(C 

cS 

IS 

5 
' ( 

s-i ■ 


'4 
1 

4 

1 

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26 
24 

18 

'7 
2 

io 


'3 

23 

15 
23 

70 

'2 

i 
10 

'5 


1 
7 

'4 

'i 
i9 

31 
33 

82 
2 
1 

i2 

1 

'5 


2 

ft 

1 

1 

i 
1 

"2 

i? 




Congenital Debility and 

Malformations 

Other Diseases of Infancy 

.Senile decay 

Poison 


371 30 

8' 3 

98 52 

ll .. 
2 .. 


30 

52 
1 


'3 


Gas Poisoning 

Drowning 

^Firearms 

' Fractures & Dislocations 

Gunshot 

Lightning 

Drowning 


1 

i2 

2 

.. 
10 

'i 
4 
1 

is 
5 

7 

813 


6 
1 

'4 

"3 
2 

3 
6 
2 

331 


3 


01 

."2 - 


: Electric Cars 

> Bicycles 




< 


Railways . 

Burns and Scalds 

Homicide 


'i 

1 

'i 
2 

5 

281 


3 

1 
1 

'2 

7 

1 

m 


6 

'7 

13 

1 

668 

1 


1! 1 

11 1 

11 .. 

■••i 2 

131 14 


2 
2 


"S? 


L Accidental Poisoning .. 
( DroDsv 


1 

7 




' Tumors 

1 Other Ill-DefiDed Causes 

Totals 


13 

692 


12 
3 

719 


1 
462 



44 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 



— Concluded. 

DISEASES BY COUNTIES IN ONTARIO. 1897. 



4 . 

8 3 
37 4 



13 2 
19 2 

6 2 

1 
6 



O O 



P-il Ph 



9 5 

r 8 

12 3 
I 

2 10 
1 

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3 12 

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3 5 5 



2 2 

6 .. 
4 4 



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OS 


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tj 


s 


w 


o 












>, 




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CS 


Ct, 


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6 



4 1 21 3 

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29 


8 


27 


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55 


6 


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27 


32 



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7 
8' 



208 
273 
264 

142 
175 
331 

84 
10 
80 



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13 



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I 
3 

I 

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25 

57 

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133 

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18; 421581 13 
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1 



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1 
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28 341 8 26 46 123 

6 21 1 9 51 26 

67 81 1 34 88 5l' 75 



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1 



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1 

1 



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5 

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54 
18 . 
79 145 



281 24 10, 21 
60 



78 14, 26 

ll 1 2 



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26| 45 



153 



1, 162 201 



.^1 I 



400 868 294 



li .. 
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3 1 



10, 5 

71 4 

4' 1 



3 2 



1 11 



8 4 4 3 
4 5 4 2 
6, .. 22 2 



509,625 240 524 451 



2 11 

i; .. 
1 

9 6 14 



762|249,231 



2 54 95, 76 



13 16 

2 .. 



1 

7 10 
1 



2 2 2 

2 3.. 
2, .. 2 



3 7 18 

3 5I 6 

10: 8! 13 



130 



39 

I 
107, 



124 
1 
3 



6 

3 

1 
17 

I 
4| 

is' 



1 
10 

1: 
336 

71, 
168, 
258 

3| 
1 



12 9| 7 

5 5 



2 

o 

l' 

S2; 
II 



4 2 



6 

61 



9 
185 

27 

61 

1 
45 

6 

5 

27 

- 7 
1,125 

1,709 

579 

3,196 

39 

44 

2 

5 

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4 55 

33 

8 

234 

3 

3 

10' 

1(3 

12 

7 

296 

234 

191 



148 633 894 942 118 380 585 469,626 1,017; 3,871. 27,633 



4)5 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 82). 



A. 1899 



TABLiE No. 14. 



Total Deaths by Individual Diseases in Cities in 1897. 



General disease^ 



3) I 



i.— commdnicable (epidemic 
Diseases. 

Typhoid Fever 

Smallpox 

Measles 

Scarlet Fever 

Whoopinp Cough 

Diphtheria and Croup 

Influenza 

Other epidemic diseases 

II.— Other General Diseases 

Pyaemia and Septicaemia 

Malarial Fever 

Tuberculosis and Scrofula 

Syphilid 

Cancer 

Rheumatism and Gout 

Diabetes 

Other general diseases 

Alcoholism, acute and chronic 

LOCAL DISEASES. 

III.— DlSKASKS OF NeRVOCS SysTEM 

and Organs of Sense. 

Encephalitis ; 

Simple Meningicis 

Epidemic Cerebro-'pinal Meningitis . 

Congestion and Hemorrhage of the 
Brain . . 

Softening of the Brain 

Paralysis without special cause 

Insanity 

Epilep-y 

Convulsions (not puerperal) 

Other nervous diseases 

IV.— Diseases of Circdlatort 
System. 

Pericarditis 

Endocarditis 

Organic Heart Diseases 

Angina Pectoris 

Diseases of the Arteries, Atheroma, 
Aneurism, etc 

Other diseases of the Circulatory 
System 

v.— Diseases op the Respiratory 
System. 

Acute Bronchitis 

Chronic Bronchitis 

Broncho-pneumouia 

Pneumonia 

Pleurisy ... 

Congestion of the Lungs (including 
Pulmonary Apoplexy) 

Asthma and Emphysema 

Other diseases of the Respiratory 

System 

VI.— Diseases cf the Digestive 
System. 

Ulcer of the St )mach 

Other diseases of the Stomach (Can- 
cer excepted) 

Infantile DiarrhfBa and Ga^tro ente- 
ritis ("Cholera Infantum") 

Diarrhrea and Enteritis (not infantile) . 

Dysentery 

Hernia and Intestinal obstruction . 



36 



2 
75 

4 

161 

13 

1 

29 



24 



I 464 

8 

114 

.f) 

13 

28 

2 



83 134 

1 3 
28 29 

2 5 



3 
11' 



4 

14 

198 

11 

87 



49 

35 

19 

152 

5 

16 
10 



131 

172 
lb| 
10, 
10 



12 



1 

ll.... 
ll 4 
2 



30 1 

1 2 

18 26 

.. I 1 

2 2 
141 50 

4' 2 

I 



12 



2 1 
14' 13 
1 



4 3 
33 33 1 10 

21 1 4 



5 
25 4 



48 67 



14 15 
1 

6 5 

..1 1 



13 



O 



11 



8| 4 
1 

2 4 



14 



15 15 



2 .... 
4 1 



14 



10 17 



23 1 172 


22 


24 


10 


5 


10 7 


5 


1 . 




3 


1 (6 


1 






3 


7 




4 


2 


1 



6 11 
2 



17 12 



2 34 

ll 171 
1 32 



4 

1 1 

2 . 
10 16 



26 



14 

34 

459 
49 
25 
33 



46 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No, 32). 



A 1899 



TABLE No. 14.— Continued. 



General diseases. 


6 

a 
o 

o 
H 

17 
22 
42 

24 

41 
25 

26 

7 
7 
4 




o 
S 

a 

5 
7 
5 

3 

10 
17 

"2 


1 

5 
9 

13 
12 

I 

5 


a 


T3 

C 


1 


d 



00 

be 




C 


i 

H 

a2 


a, 



ID 

a; 

C 




TJ 
1 

m 


p 

5 


£ 



"3 




Other diseases of the Intestines 


4 
9 




2....I 


1' 1 
2 1 


3 34 




1 


1 
2 


"1 


3 
3 

2 

""3 


2 
3 

1 

1 
3 

1 


1 

2 
1 


.'ift 




8 3i 


1 

6 

4 
1 

4 


1 

1 

.... 


83 


Iliac Abscesses (Typhlitis, Perity- 


1 
2 

4 
17 


1 

1 
2 


41 


Vll. — DifEASKS OF THE GENITO- 
URINARY System. 


9 


1 


84 




2 2 2i 


88 


Other diseases of the Kidneys and 


1 


1 




35 




1 


1 


.... 


n 




1 


', 


1 
1 




2 


1 




'X3 


Diseases of the Male Genital Organs . . 









1 


6 


























G 
2 

1 

X 

11 


























6 


Ovarian Cysts and other Ovarian 


1 

1 












1 












4 


Other diseases of the Female Gen- 
ital Organs* 

XIII.— Pderperal Diseases. 

Puerperal Septicaemia 

Puerperal Albuminuria and Con- 
vulsions 


1 
9 











1 
1 








1 


4 


' 

•^ 


2 






2 


1 
1 


1 


1 


29 

8 


Other accidents of Pregnancy sud- 






9 












20 
































IX.— Diseases of the Skin and 
Cellular Tissue. 


2 


1 


1 
7 1 




1 










1 




1 


14 


Other diseases of the Skin and its 
Adaexa (Cancer excepted) 












1 


1 


X.— Diseases of the Locomotor 

System. 

Pott's disease 


1 
10 

1 

313 

22 
168 
118 

1 
























1 






4 






















14 


Amputation (for unspecified diseases) . 

XI.— Malformations, Diseases of 

Infancy, Diseases of Old Age. 

Congenital Debility and Malforma- 
tions 

Other diseases of infancy 

Senile Decay 

XII.— Suicide. 
Poison 1 




1 




















2 


33 

86 
"57 

1 
3 


80 

72 
73 
54 

1 


8 

21 
"37 

9 


9 

11 

4 

40 


15 

9 
14 
26 

"2 


2 

9 

2 

15 

1 


5 
11 

"I6 


13 
12 

"ii 


9 

7 

1 

19 

1 


3 

6 

1 

14 

1 


6 

10 
3 
9 


9 

7 


505 

286 
266 
423 

7 


Strangulation 


2 1 1 






q 


Gas Poisoning 






















Drowning 


























Firearma 


1 

40 
2 


1 
17 










1 
1 








1 
1 


6 


4 


XIII.— Accident. 

Fractures and Dislocations 

Gunshot 


16 

1 


4 


2 


7 


4 


3 


^ 


3 


105 

3 


Lightning 


1 
















...1- -. 






Drowning 

Electric Cars 


26 
1 


1 


6 




1 


3 




1 


1 


1 


' 


1 


2 


44- 

1 


Bicycles 


1 


























Railway s , 


6 1 


12 
9 


1 
2 
1 




1 1 
1 


2 
1 

1 






1 
2 


4 

1 


1 


■■'i 


1 


30 


Burns and Scalds 

Houiicide 


15 
1 


1 


33 
3 


Accidental Poisoning 
























XIV". — Ill-defined Causes. 
DroDsv 


14 
15 

4 

N 
N 

1 ^- 


1 4 

! I 


4 
4 
4 

« 


7 
4 
6 

as 


7 
4 


"2 


1 
1 
1 






1 


2 


1 




40 


Tumors 




2 
2 

© 


"1 


1 3 


43 


Other ill -defined causes 


1 -. 


2 






25 


Total 


Ci 






n 


1 « : - 
: 2 ^ ** 





47 



62 Victoria. 



•Sessional Papers (No 32). 



A. 1899 



TABLE No. 15. 
Deaths frora Tuberculosis in Toronto, 1893 to 1897 inclusive. 



Occupations. 



AgentH . 
AroistK. 



Totals by 
ages. 



03 . 

<tir so 

'I' i; 

be 1* 

o 



14 i 

5; 



Blacksmiths ... 

Brewers 2 

Bricklayers 21 

Bai bers I 7 

Butcher.s I 11 ' 

Bookkeepers, clerks, etc 80 

Bakers aad cunfectioaers . . 



Carpenters . 

Cabinetmakers 

Coopers 

Convicts 

Chemists and druggists 

Clergymen 

Contractiors 

Oarriagemakers 



Dairymen 
Dentists . . 



Engineers 
Editors . . 



Farmers 

Farmers' wives 

Factory employees, male . . 
do female 



Gentlemen 
Gardeners . 



House wives. 



Laborers 

Laundry workers 
Lawyers 



Milliners, seamstresses, etc. 

Machinists 

Mechanics 

Moulders 

Millers 

Millwrights 

Musicians and piano tuners 
Managers and manufacturers 
Merchants 



Nuns 



Other indoor occupations 

Othf r outdoor do 

Plumbers and steamfitters. . 

Painters 

Printers and lithographers . , 

Pedlars 

Plasterers 

Physicians 

Public officials 



12 
2 

29 

3 

13 

51 

14 

4 



105' 
3 

*i 

21 

23 

41 

7 

2 

3 

5 

6 

23 

14 

16 



14 

29| 

1, 
3 
6 



Ages. 



oc to 
> >> 

<1 



648 
168 

201 

72 

5.5 

203 

347 

2326 



3 


93 


17 


780 


3 


129 


3 


121 


2 


46 


3 


142 


3 


125 


3 


125 


2 


109 


3 


127 


1 


21 



480 

'»! 

1222 
184 
443 
132 

741 

129 



221 7768 



4457 

86 

133 

727 
775 
1136 
202 
88 
155 
182 
236; 
8891 

4921 

587 
352 



9 2.^6 



5.S5 
866 
831 
103 
183 
264 



46 
33 

33 
35 
26 
29 
31 
28 
31 

46 
43 
40 
23 
47 
41 
41 
54 

42 
21 

40 

.35 

42 

61 

34] 1 
26 .... 

53 ... . 
32 .... 



ai 


•r 




(N 


o 


© 


tH 




191 


1 

256 


1 






1 




2 




3 


12 


21 


1 






2 



35 1 

42 
28 . 
33 . 

34 
33 

27 
28 
44 
51 
36 
39 
38 

35 



1 

l' 
1 

"2 
1 

24 
1 

2 
1 



182 



22. 51 
24 



26 2 
38 3 
291 4 

33 .... 

34 .... 
30.... I 1 
33| 1 

48 



if! 

12' 
1 



97 



87 



121 



3 21 3 



66 



43 <D 



41 



10 



15 



1 
13 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 



TABLE No 15.— Concluded. 
Deaths from Tuberculosis in Toronto.— Concluded. 





C 

a 

s 


Totals by 
ages. 


Ages. 




05 

191 


256 

2 

1 


271 

2 


6 
214 

2 
1 


05 

182 

2 

2 



97 

5 


ai 
-f 

87 

1 
1 

"2 


05 

to 


lO 

121 

1 
2 


to 
g 

66 

1 
1 


05 


41 

1 


"2 ^-1 " 


Occupations. 


bo ^ 

< 

411 

575 
45 
526 
231 
230 
1046 
144 
356 
129 
147 

593 
230 
93 
461 
339 
111 
146 
668 

206 

1480 

40 


<c . 
bog 

s » 
< 

37 

44 
45 
62 
38 
46 
29 
24 
19 
15 
49 

32 
32 
23 
32 
42 
37 
24 
44 

41 
52 
20 


10 


-0 ID 

1^ He 
15 




11 

13 
1 

10 
6 
5 

36 
6 

18 
9 
3 

18 
7 
4 

14 
8 
3 
6 

15 

5 

28 

2 

1053 




Stonecutters 


















"5 


"1 

8 


2 
1 
1 
3 

1 


2 

""i 
1 

1 


1 
3 

2 

1 


3 

"i 


1 






Sailors 


"'5 

"i2 
9 


"io 
5 

6 




Saddlers and harnessmakers . 




Stenographers 




Students 


1 












School children 






















Soldiers 






1 

4 
4 

1 
2 
1 

1 








1 


1 
1 








Teamsters, drivers, grooms, 


1 

"1 

1 

i 

1 

77 


5 
.... 

3 

"i 
3 

1 

1 

... 
1 

153 


3 
2 
1 
4 
1 
1 
2 
3 

2 
3 
1 

200 


3 


1 










Tavernkeepers .... 

Teachers, male 




1 
























3 
3 








1 








Travellers, commercial 


2 


1 










Telegraph operators 

Telephone do 

Tailors 

Watchmakers and engravers. 






























3 


1 


1 

1 
3 


1 

1 

4 


2 


2 






3 


3 


1 


7 


3 


1 




Weavers 






165 

8 
41 

?14 


133 

8 
41 

182 


77 

6 

14 

97 


64 

87 


88 

7 
26 

121 


50 

2 
14 

66 


33i 

1 

7 

41 


4 

1 
5 

1ft 




Totals 


37972 


36 


7 






No occupation given, males . 
do do females. 


105 
395 

1553 

737 
2290 


3584 
12417 


34 
31 


30 
84 

191 


20 
83 

256 


13 

58 

271 


4 
4 


Totals 


53973 


34 

'1 


15 












Children under 15 years of 


Und 
1. 

4C 


1 
er 

4 


1 
year. 


yes 


2 

irs. 


3 
years 


yf 


4 
ars. 

7 


5-9 
years . 

K1 


10-14 
years . 


76 


25 


17 


h7 


Total, including children 













Summary 


of Deaths by Classes of Occupations. 


Males— 

Labourers 

Artibians (33 trades) 




Per cent. 
14.7 
... 28.8 


Females — Per cent. 

Housewives 22 . 1 

Servants 3.6 


Business men (clerks and travellers. 

Farmers 

Students and school children 


... 12.4 

... 2.9 

2.7 


Widows 2.8 

Milliners and seamstresses 2.1 

Stenographers, telegraph and telephone 

employees 1.5 

Female teachers . 14 


Professional men (inc 
Gent'emen 


male teachers 


.. 2.6 
1.4 


Public officials . . 




0.8 


Nuns 1.4 


Sailors 




0.6 


Farmers' wives 3 


Soldiers 




3 


These percentages are calculated for the 1,053 
persons whose occupations aie nam ed. It may be 
assumed that the same proportions would be main- 
tained in the 500 additional deaths over 15 years. 

Thus 83 per cent, of all occupations given belong 
to those earning a daily wage. 


Convicts 

Pedlars 




... 0.2 
ft 1 





4* R.G. 



49 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 



TABLE No. 16. 
Deaths from Tuberculosis in Ottawa, 1893 to 1897 inclusive. 



Occupations. 


Number 

of 
deaths. 


Aggregate. 


Average. 


ai 
o 

2 







05 
CO 




05 
CO 

s 




C5 
I- 




2 

..J 
g 

41 





18 






5 




00 


Totals 


445 

1 

1 
I 
.3 
2 
24 
1 
9 
1 
1 
2 
2 
4 
3 

60 
45 
4 
.S 
1 
t> 
9 

l.T 

1 

3 

3 

14 

1 
1 
1 

17 
3 
7 
3 
4 
1 
1 

20 
4 
2 
7 
5 
2 
1 
3 
5 


By ages.. 

35 years 
22 " 
35 " 
112 " 

90 " 
770 " 

27 " 
303 " 

34 " 

33 " 
126 " 
102 " 

96 " 
1.35 " 
154 " 
2,161 •' 
1,818 '« 
114 " 
111 " 

.56 " 
214 " 
309 " 
494 " 

54 " 
66 " 

145 " 
343 " 

55 " 
37 " 
47 " 

6(56 " 

73 " 

189 " 

158 " 

163 " 

66 " 

27 " 

619 " 

72 " 

120 ■' 

372 " 

209 " 

40 " 

19 " 

91 " 
165 " 

11,147 years 
4,238 " 

15,385 years 




57 


66 


73 


115 


68 


2 


Agents 

Arti-.ts, 

Bricklayers 

Blacksmiths 

Barbers 

Bookkeepsra and clerks . . . 

Bakers 

Carpenters 

Cabinetmakers 

Chemists and druggists 


35 years 
22 " 

35 •' 
37 " 
45 " 

32 " 

27 " 

33 " 

34 " 

33 " 
63 " 
.51 " 
24 " 
45 '• 

51 " 

36 " 
40 " 

28 " 

37 " 
56. '• 

35 " 

34 " 

32 " 
5t " 
22 " 
48 " 
24 " 
55 " 

37 " 
47 " 

39 " 
24 " 
27 ". 

52 " 

40 " 
66 " 
27 " 
31 " 

18 " 
60 " 

53 " 

41 " 
20 '• 

19 " 
30 " 

33 " 

35 years 

38 " 








1 






1 
















1 
1 
1 
3 














1 




'3 


1 
1 
3 














3 
"2 


2 


10 
1 
2 














3 
1 

1 




2 


































1 
1 








1 


Contractors 

Electricians 

Farmers - 

Gentlemen 










1 








1 


3 












3 

2 

10 

C 


















"4" 

8 


1 
1 
6 






1 
2 


6 
6 
2 


12 

8 

"1" 


25 
9 
2 


1 .... 


Laborers 

Milliners, seametesses 

Mechanics 

Millers 

Merchants 




2 










1 

■'i' 

1 










"2 
3 


2 
"'4' 


2 
5 
5 


2 
2 
2 




Nuns 


. ! 








1 


1 


1 
















2 

1 

"i' 

6 


1 
'*i' 








Printers 


1 


7 


2 


2 


I 










1 






i' 



' i' 

2 
2 


'2 

1 
2 




Public officials 

R. R. employees 

Factory hands (male) 

Stonecutters ... 

Shoemakers 

Sailors 

Saddlers 

Servants 

Students 

Travellers (commercial) . . . 

Teamsters 

Tavernkeepers 

Teachers (female) .... 

Telegraph operators 

Tailors 

Watchmakers and jewellers 










2 
1 
3 














1 

1 


1 

"i' 






■ 




1 
4 










5 
4 


4 


1 


3 


2 




1 












1 
'i' 


1 
3 






'i' 
1 


1 

1' 


i' 


1 

1 


1 
2 


" 








9 

i 


"1 
1 


.... 






.... 






1 

32 
9 

41 

Oi 

14 






.... 

14 
4 

18 

tH 

13 


4 

1 

■ 




Totals 

Occupation not given 


310 
135 

445 

91 
536 


22 
35 


45 

21 


60 
13 


81 
34 


50 
18 

68 

<s 

1 


2 


Totals 

Children under 14 years.. 
Grand total 


34 years 


57 

I. . 

^^ 
46 


66 

(0 

>> 

r-t 

8 


73 

m 
u 
e8 

CO 

6 


115 

£ 

CO 

3 


2 









50 



APPENDIX. 



1 R.G. 



BIRTHS 



[iii] 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1809 





•a-ioq nns 


C-1->9> 


(O 


(M(N 


•<1< 


— lO 1 o 
r-l 1 i-H 

1 


t 


-co 


s 


eO'V 


I 




;. 


SrH 


t- 


5C CO 


O 


1 






•a^BLaiifiSefij 


IC i-*. 


o 


IM 




N 


ic ir; 


o 


r 


- C5 


o 


mco 


X 




. 1 - 










•s;eidux 






















































I-H 

•SOIAVfl JO 

ived JO '0^ 


.5-1 iHCO .J 

'3 "c 

a 1 : 

35 IT 


3 
3 


ooo fci 

Mr-. "5 

a 


COrH 1 g 

1 a 

1 CO 
1 '^ 


to^ 


1 




H C 




a 
71 


i '* 






•l«»oi 




?0 1 C^ 00 
Oi 1 CO CO 

1 
1 




t> 


-c 




1" 


1,070 
1,012 

2,088 


t^co 

CO r- 
IM (M 




1' 

c 




i 


X S 


H 
3 


m 
m_ 






•jaqraaoaQ 


too 
eoco 


s 


g 






3 






1 


<MO 
00 t- 


•M 

m 


t~o 


^ eSS 


CO 


CO IT 


S 1 




•aaqraaAO^^ 


lO CO 

ma 


ti 


oc 

CM 


> 

3 


(M r^ 

into 


2 


05 — 
00 t- 


g 


ss 


5 




1 

1 


X 

m 


-H CJ 


s 




-1 


•j9qo!)oo 


o-t< 


t- 


■*(M 


o 


^ CO 

mm 


1 


.-1 "^il 

00 t^ 


iC 
~0[ 


^ 


^2 


?^ 


— a 


o 


(M •«< 

c-> m 


o 

rH 






•aaqcae^deg 




8 


^S 




ss 


m 

1-t 


moo 


3 


t^X 


m 
eo 


mo 

CO •<S" 


m 


^05 


CO 




D 


■^snSny 


C<5 t^ 

in c<5 


§ 


SS 


IM 


cc m e« 


aseo IM 
t-os t- 

r 


2?3 


<M 


coco 
■.r eo 


P 


- 


71 CTl 






o 


•yfjnf 


CC lO 

CO CO 


00 


CO » 

ooo 
coco 






mC5 
m o 


IM 


O 05 
C5 00 


X 

X 


'-^'- 


t- 

IM 


CO X 

coco 


t^ 


CO ST. 




-1 


•aaaf 


00 CO 


?o 




00 ■«< 


OV 


C5 X 


o 

X 


— o 

IM IM 


■.*< 


05 X 
(MCO 


t^ 
~t> 




§g 


o 






'^•^Yi. 


© 00 




^s 


tr- 
io 


-ro 
m t- 




XX 


lO 


■^ IM 
IMIM 




^s 




rHCO 
5D C- 


Tt< 




n 


■ludv 


cc O 


CO 




•»ti 


O-M 


5<l 


OO O 
XOS 1^ 

1 


X r^ 
rl IM 


05 
CO 


^IS 


m 


X05 

m ■^ 


o 

rH 






•qojBpj 






eocc 




— lOl 
t---<TI 


o 

IM 

7-1 


fe2 

05 r^ 


t— 

s 


pX X 

1 


n X 


o 

35 


m n 
X t~ 


m 




A 


•;£jBnaq9j 


coco «o 

1 


r-J CO 1 f 

CO JO 1 «> 
1 


CO X 

co«c 


er 




IM X 

ox 


i 


X IM 

rl rH 


^ 


CO eo 


52 




CM 

m 

rH 






■iaenQ'Bp 


OS to 

CO CO 


lO 


ooo 

CO Cfj 


g 


om 




Oil- 


CO 


CM lO 
COIM 


ml eoTT 




050 


5 

1-t 






fl 

3 
O 

o 

i 


oo 
.. (B 

IS 

60 


(0 




1 




50 

08 

CO 


3 
C 




'* 
1 




• •'ei 

3 

PQ 


OS 

a 




1 




Sri 

O 


s 

0. 




"3 
o 

EH 




■s-i 

S 


d 

S 
111 
ft. 








or 

So 


a 

s 




'5 

"c 
H 






a 
E 




"5 
1 







IV. 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 



r-l -^ 
(M T- 




in 


t- » 


CO 




IM C^ 

: 1 




1-1 i-< 1 ■* CO c~ 

■ 1 1 1 


(M iH 1 CO 

i 


m IM t- 

1 1 




t- 


ZS t~ 


CO 








1-1 N CO 

1 




t~CO j o 


O ^ 


to 


CO m 1 X 1 


1» 


CO 








: : 1 
_ 1 


:M 






; : 












to CO OS 




rH T-H 


15 pair 

9 
9 

9 pair 

2 

1 pair 


XX l> 

: : X 


S^ 


b- m 

CO t:^ 

to IM 


12 
14 

13 pair 


»n to .-1 


CC -^ 


^ COiM j l« 
X O^ r- 


(MX O oo <M O 
IM 05 !M 1 CI O CO 

Ol T-^ ■* 1 r^ ^ IM 


t- OS 

cox 
to in 


IM_^ 


oc 


(190 
712 

1,402 


eoco 


to «3 O 


o 

(M 


oeo 
1-1 1-1 


X 
C4 


00 iH 1 OS 
1-1 iH 1 C^ 


OS to 1 «o 

1 iH 


oseo 1 IM 


ON 1 IM 

mm 1 o 

tH 


com 1 oo 1 
mm 1 o 1 


oo 
coco 


C5 1 oo 

1 


O 
— ( 


o o 


(M 


5^S 1^ 


rH 1 i-H 


in iH to 

T)<0 OS 


Tf (M 1 to 

m to 1 ^ 

tH 


t^x 1 m 1 
mm 1 th 1 


13 35 
CO CO 




•^ CO 


CT> 


lO C^ 


IM 

CO 


S2 IS? 


oi to 1 X 


in CO 1 05 


ir m 1 OS 
m m 1 o 


(1(1 
(iO 

126 


•vco 




•-T X 


CO 


t--x 


lO CO iO 1 00 
CO IMt-h I CO 


CO to 1 35 X to 1 ■«< 
1-1 1 iH lOiO 1 r-l 


mco 1 X 

m to 1 iH 


SS IS 1 


■^ 1-1 
eoio 






OO 

CO 




i-i :o 1 c— 

C<l T-- 1 CO 


OS t- 1 to 1 Tt< X 1 (M 

1 i-H »n-<ji 1 O 

rH 


in (M 1 f~ 
o m 1 o 

tH 


3§ IS 1 

1— 1 


OS CO 

-t> CO 


CO 


lO 00 


o 


S?^ 


u 


iCi CO I X eoiM 1 iO 

.-1 C<1 1 CO tH i-H 1 IM 

i 


IM Ol 1 I-l 

in 1* 1 o 

r 


IM O 1 (M 

mm 1 o 


COC5 1 (M 1 

Tfm 1 o 1 


CO 00 1 1-1 
rr CO 1 00 

1 


r^ ?ir 


X 

IM 


lO 00 


CO 
CO 


<M rH 1 TT 


oio 1 in 

1 
1 


■* ts 1 © 
in in 1 i-^ 


mm 1 o 
1 '"' 


OiM 1 C<1 1 

to m 1 iH 1 

^ 1 

1 


CO CO 

CO -i' 


t^ 


o to 

in CO 


X 


O lO 


Of ift 00 CO 
CO 1 CI iH ■* 

i 


OSO |X 


8!§ \S 

I-t 


CO o 1 CO 

to m 1 ^ 


OS to 1 m 1 
-^m 1 o 1 


n^ 


00 
!0 


t;;CO 


^ 


°°H 


CO 


X X 1 to 

1-1 1-H 1 CO 


1-1 ,-J 1 CQ 
^ i-H 1 IM 


to X 1 -^ 
in ■* 1 o 

1 '"' 
1 


toes 1 m 

Lt -^ 1 O 


o ^ 1 o ' 

1-1 


S50 

eOTf< 


C5 


S 00 


t~ 


o t- 


IM 

CO 


O CO 1 CO 
IM IM 1 -^ 


Ct O 1 CO 
iH rH 1 (M 


iH to 1 t^ 

inin 1 o 


tc in 


iH 


to to IM 1 


CO t- 

r: CO 


o 


Qoin 


00 




•f 


^S 1? 


1 
i 


t~-^ 1 X 
tH 1 i-l 

Cd IM 1 Kti 

iH tH 1 (M 


too 
in o 

-sri in 




t^lM 1 OS 

CO m 1 X 


gg IS 1 
iH 


a> r- 
eo-^ 




8 


c 


5 t^ 




; 


S^ IN 


CO 


■* CO 1 c 

r-4 1-1 1 cr 


OS 


mo 


g 


o: n 1 iH 
f t^ 1 <M 

1^ 
1 



08 » 5 



^^fe 









3,^ 03 



J2 (W — 

6cr3 S 

cS 

a 



>« rH 



^ a 



V. 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 



•ajrq ^lT!Jg 



•a^'BiapiSdiii 



•saaidux 



•saiMi JO 
jied JO -ONj 



■{v^nj, 



lO 00 cc 
?D lO CM 



•J3qra308(j 



•J9qUI9AOJ^ 



•jaqo^iQ 



H j -jaiinia^dag 



•jsriSny 



■M^e 



•aatap 



•X«p\[ 



•jiady 



• qoa^i^i 



•ia^njqa^ 



•^iBnuiip 



i-H lO I to I CO N I o 



N coi ooiflieoi T-i x> I c: \ ■^s'i t- 



CC I CO ■ (N 



00 •* I (N 



Ot-I ,- 






<NC<I I IC 



00 CO I © 

cvi .— I -r 



m f I I- 



r-? 



C5 X I t~ 

c^ CO I :s 



cn CO I m 



«D t- I CO 

CQ cq I ir: 















'.2 g 



".2 fi 



OJ Ui^ (^ 



eS » 2 



VI. 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional l*apers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 






1 : • 1 : 1 II 


1-1 t-THOO ONW rHrH Tt 
1-1 iH i-i t-1 i-( 

II II It'll 


r- la 

1 




«rH|C<3| (r^(N|-*| IMCO|C0| OO 


|0| JO«<llt-| i-ICO|''S>| • 1 


1 ^. -f 1 C-. 








■CO CO 














j 1-1 SM CO 








• i 




"i "It -i " 

-H ,-1 IM 


I. CO ■* (h ,-, ,_! J. . IM . j, t^cO .t; 

;:::. a o, i : a c 

r-- j CO CO ; 1-1 L- 




ii i ii|i| ii 1 $i 


903 

548 
489 

1,037 

367 
364 

731 

199 
1!)5 

394 

538 

472 

1,010 




OO CO 1 CO Cfl .O i 00 O 1 OO 1 C50i 
wo t^l CSIO^Iol O-*i|0l COM 


§ 

"s 


1 T-l O 1 1-1 1 — 00 1 05 
1 O •* 1 0> 1 N iM 1 ■<>> 


! 1-1 r-c 1 CI 1 -"T eo 1 00 

i 

1 SS IS 1 ^^ Ig8 
1 

1 




OJi^-ri -f-*|oci .-i^|iM| coo 

1— .-f. 1 O 1 'M CM 1 -f 1 lO i-O 1 O 1 CO CO 

1 1 ■ 1-1 1 


1 CO lO 1 00 1 t-l O 1 CO 
1 CO IM 1 in 1 « (M 1 -* 




1-iO 
eo CO 


— 1 ©o>,c:i ccoicoi c:e^ 

•^1 CO N 1 1- 1 CO lO 1 r— 1 CO CO 


1— ! CO CO 1 C: 1 IM O 1 -M 1 CO CD 1 CI 1 CD CO 1 Tl 

t^l f -r \ -r. \ (m-*IcdI 1-ii-ilcol cocolt- 




O5C0 
CO-T 


col ncnI»oI -TfXilo ■^co 


COI inOliOl OiOllCl OOOOiCDI eOCvlrOI 

ool -folosi (mimItpI iHi-(IcoI cocoIcdi 




coco 
cr. CO 


t- 1 (M ;0 1 CO 1 ■*! CD ! O 1 TfC Tf 

i '"' 


§ 1 S'S IS 1 S?^ IS 1 SS 1^ 1 S? iS 

r ! 




7-im 


SI ^^\^ \ S^ I& 


T-H » 


-rt< 1 t^ CO i O 1 OD O 1 00 1 1~ 1-1 1 CO 1 Ct (M 1 >0 1 
00 1 -* TP 1 C; 1 IM CO 1 O 1 rH ri 1 !M 1 rf CI 1 t- 1 




SS S t S§5 g S^ |g3 


CD N 

weo 


U3 1 lO (M 1 X 1 CO 


32 36 34 

09 70 72 


1 t-cD 1 eo 1 c-1 

1 i-l rH 1 CO 1 ■^ 


40 30 

79| 78 




OO. 

T CO 


C5 1 -t" C5 1 CO 1 O t^ 1 CO 


O CO 
CO -f 


1—1 1 C5 lO 1 Tf 1 Tp 

X 1 -p ■* 1 05 1 eo 


1 t-en 1 CD 1 05 

1 r-ir-( 1 CO 1 eo 




00 CO 

■*co 


■X \ (M (M 1 in 1 1- CO 1 (^ 




ot- 

CO (M 


I- 1 05 CO 1 (M 1 t^ 

o 1 CO CO 1 t^ 1 eo 


1 S?i |!^ 1 g^ Ig 1 

i 




S^ 2 1 gs :g 5^ ^ 

1 ^ 




coo 


coi wT— ir^i xcoi-*! eooicoi Xr-^.O] 




CO IM 


»- ; 00 CO 1 Tf 1 00 r*i 1 e<i 

=C ' r^ CO 1 O 1 CO •^ 1 00 


OO 

-ti ci; 


>0| Xi-1|05 OXIOCl (MOIIMF tH 
t-l coij'lt- cccolcol i-Ii-||imI u- 


46 48 
87 99 






C: 1 00 C5 1 t- 1 t^ lO 1 (M 
Ml IM (M 1 O 1 CO TT 1 T-J 


C; •-DIlOl >005|-^| 0;X|^-| COlOlrHI r- 
CO CO 1 t- 1 CO CI-. 1 t- 1 CO n 1 CO 1 1-H r-l 1 CO 1 TP 





.. 33 ™ 

c 



o 

C 
c« 
"u 

C 



c3 

O 

H 



S 

O 



o 
E-i 



c 
Eh 



O 



OS 









Vll. 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 







05 -r 


e<: 


-r c; 


1 CC 


co^; 


5C 






IMt- 


CO 


— o 


CO 


1 I'.lC 


C^ 








I— 






























■naoq npS 




1 


i 


1 


1 


1 






1 


1 


1 


1 


,. 




i 


1 1 






00 o 


1 " 


1 INi-l 


I CO 


1 l-HrH 


1 "^ 


1 T- 




1 •-* 


I CO t- 


1 <=> 


1 "^ 


1 '' 


1 coco 


1 CO 1 




















1 






1 




1 


1 1 




•ajBuii^jiSaiii 






1 

1 
































































CO 


CO 




•B!>3ldUi 














































c^o 


1 ^ 


1—1 .-i 


b 


1 ^ 


U 


l-H 1-H 


u 


CiCO 


u 


C5 rH 


u 


<N 00 










c« 


l-H l-H 


CS 




'S 




'3 




OS 


(M IN 


e3 




'S 




•saiMi JO 








ft 1 






c 




O 




Q 




ft 




jtBd JO -0^ 




CC 




1-H 




;/^ 




^ 








pi 




lO 






00 IM 


o 


CO CO 




1 t^rH 


cr 


^in 


CO oo 


CO 


00 cr. 


t~- 


o o 


o 






t-.- 


CT 


00 « 


t- 


1 t~ ••*" 






c 


cooc 










rH 






rfi -^ 


a 


t^ t- 


IC 


T^ r- 








X «c 


iC 


X X 


b- 


t^t- 


•* 




•lenox 








rH 












y^ 




^ 




j-f 






t-HO 


1 "-I 


1 «lH l-H 


i *^ 


1 (MCO 


1 '^ 


1 IMt^ 


1 *> 


1 ccc; 


1 '-'5 


1 050 


1 ^ 


1 — i^ 


1 '^ 1 






HSCv 


1 ir 


1 com 


1 .-1 




1 c< 


1 I-H 


1 .- 


1 o •^ 


1 C 


1 in ;c 




1 ^ -^ 


1 OS ' 


TS 


•aaqraaDaQ 




























1 


§ 




00 r-l 


1 *5 


©— ' 


1 '^ 


1 ttCS 


1 '*' 


1 too 


1 ^ 


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>< 




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into 


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^ 

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1 
















rH 








rH 






Tf< CC 


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1 -- 


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1 O 1 


1 


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3 


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M 




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1 pj 1 




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\\ 




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62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (N'o. 32). 



A. 1899 



(NrHiCSI -rO]C2| t^OOIiOi lO^ '■^ \ •"" 



N ir: 11^ 



CO OS I t- 



IN05 I -J 



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cc (N 1 in 



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130 

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ix. 



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62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 



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•s'}8[dux 



JO iivd JO 'o^ 






•(«?oi 



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cc cc i; 



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62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32), 



A. 1899 



rH (M t~ ■M 05 N J^ O 



I^ M I O 



MCOCS t-^:0 rHr-iI-:i (MCOlO ff^Cl'^ 









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t^ c^ X I-H Ci •^ CO eo 00 r-i ■<*< r: t- 

rH ^ rH Ct 



all 

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111 



08 

xi. 



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5 H 



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MARRIAGES. 



[xiii.] 



62 Victoria. Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A 1899 



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n to i-< 



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xiv. 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 



Oc<5t-cO'«f<e<5-i'iO-rOc^05N;CiOio— <we<> 
I- r-i rH IM -^r C-l fS 1-1 t-l IC IM M 1-4 CO lO rr CI 



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XV. 



j2 B .2 a 



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:=: rz; £3 



S > ^ ^ ^ ^ ;S 



6'2 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32) 



A. 1899 



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()2 Victoria. 



Sessional J^i[)ei's (No. «J2). 



A. 1899 



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62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papei's (Xo. 32). 



A. 1899 






as 
oo 



02 

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oo 

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l-H 



O 

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XVlll. 



62 Victoria. 



Sessioual Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 





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to 


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CD 


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xix. 






i"^ * a) "5 






c3 H 






()'2 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1809 





bo 

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XX. 






. ID 



• OQ 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 



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DEATHS. 



4 R.G. 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 3*2). 



A. 1899 





•si«^ox :;! 


« 


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S 


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CM .-1 


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3 

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•0 
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Influenza 

Total 

I. OTHER GENERAL DiS'S. 
Pvemia and Senticemia 


Malarial Fever . 

Tuberculosis and Scrofula 

Syphilis 

CaLcei 


■a 

a 
C 

■0 
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3 


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5 


Alcoholipni, Acute and Chionic. . 

Total 

Local Dieeases. 


HI. NERVOUS SYSTEM. 

Encf phalitis 

Simple Meningitis 

Epi'c. Cerebro-fpinal Meningiiic 
Congestion and Hemcr'geof Brain 

Softening of the Brain 

Paralysis without specified cause. 

Inaanily 

Ep'lep.^y 

Convulsions (not puerperal) 

Other Nervous Diseases 


Total .... 
IV. CIRCULATORY SYSTEM. 

1. Pericardii is 

2. Endocarditis 




. >-; ci ?i •v' 4.-: -x t^ a, — . c-i « -^ i6 ;o t-^ ao c: 


1-^ IM Ci 


•^ 


10 X t>. 00 0; 



XXIV. 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 




i-iNM'^iCsct^ao 



XXV 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 





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: 


'^ : 








-^ 










^ 
































•-' : 


rH • ■ -rH 


--:- 


CO 


-- 






-: 


11 


•^ 


00 

1-1 


^i' 


- 


-: 








: 
















• rH 


O ; ; ; 












6t 
f'l 


s 








. 
















CQ 


















s 












: 














-; 






W ; • ; 










:'-' 


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6 


1 


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: 














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; '"' 


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CO 

1—1 










_ 


-^ 


: 
: 








































i2s 


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: 


y-{ 




rH 






■-■■- 






















:'^ 


r-t 


2 


< 


■»H 


'^ 








: 


•^ 














rH • • • 






r* 








f'l 






: 








^^ 


05 


1 ta 
















^ : 


T-* 








88 




o: 












: ; :S 1 S 










lO rH 


t- • • • rH • • 


-^ 1 


rH .rH 


C4 


86 




00 












: 


CM • 1 lO 












::::::: 




•NrH 


e<3 


gfr 




t- 


• tH 


rH 








*S 










NrH 


W • • • rH ■ 


t>. 


; ;" 


e<5 


IM 




"■»" 




~: 




~ 




: : ; : 1 : 








• 'rH ■ 

1 


-:::-:: 


« 


rH .rH 


CM 


81 




>o 












: : 


5£ 12 
^ IS 








• IrH T-t 


N • • ■ 


: : 


■* 
"-*<" 






eo 


fi9 




-* 


• 1-1 


1-1 








OiSD-* 

cMe<i 








■ IftrH 


t- • • • 




CO 


86T 




e<s 














1 : 

1^ 


— - 






- 




::::::: 




1 


: : . 

rHN W 


«o 






C-1 




• 








C^OCMO 

rHrH ^ 












^ ; : : . - : 


CM 


£21 




^1 :^ 1^ 




1 


t— ;o CM 00 1 « 

rH rH 1 -r 






: :| : 


t-« 


00 • • \^^ ; 


2 ! ; :« 


eo 


9fil 




d 

S 

O 

"o 

S 
Si 


;'"a 
a 

. c, 

. X 

. c 
• u 

. • • a- 

^;< 

ail 

'1.5 

I-JN 




"5 


Eh 

CO 

P3 
O 

H 
O 

O 
O 

o 
1-) 

>\ 


! j5 
:|| 

•P-5 O 
•^ QJ 

•T3 a 

es" a 

OuP-a; 

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•c 

<A 

C 

>z 

•< 

% 


J :§ 

3 - <S 

^ -s 
f :^ 

4 :'oi 

i :-• 

i • js 

.5P 

^ ^s o 

1 r-! eq 


r- 

U 

S 
e 

"s 
"o 

K 

Oj 
oa 
c3 
<u 

P 

o 

to 


> 
u 
P 

JO 

'5 




1 

o 
H 

P 

O 
1— ( 

P 
i-i' 


■ ^ 

a in 

o c 

PMa2 

rn'^j 


s 

B 

5. 

m 

a 

O 

ci 


3 ; : 

Is 
pfS 


"3 



H 
'A 

m 

p 
1— ( 
o 
o 


S 

o 

§ 
p 

B 
ci 

O! 
1—" IM 


S 

c 

j: 

10 


P 
-1" 


I I I » 

' . .*=« 

s ■ -^ 

.2 « S s 

id -O t>^ 30 


3) 

s 

O 

3-. 


.s 

'S 

o 
'o 

a. 
"3 
c 

"3 

< 


a 

■♦J 




a 

Ce 

a 

5 

c 
c 

p 
> 


• 

a 
c 

hi 

P 


-o 

■ TJ 

• a> 

• a 
•ec 

• (U 

:p 

HO 

SM «" 




■3 



m 
m 



"3 

a 
& 

■3 





XXVI. 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 





■si^^ox 5 


(M 




a t~ 


C5 


I-l •<>< 1-1 O .-1 W !C »-i 

• •v 1-1 


to 

to 


CO -r • ■ I-l CO CO P4 «o I-l 


t- 
eo 


• <N 




a 

c 


■AOM ^ 












i 


CO 


"' : : 






•^ 






• ; -co _ 




(N 



















■ iH • 






• I*' 


"n".- 






~00 






: : ■'^ 








-^ 


-i-f 




■4^0 


^ 








N 


-^ : 


o 




•lO 




















: 




?o 


eo 










c<9 




• I-l 


(M ■ 1-1 




Tf 


1-1 tH 






'-' 






eo 




a 


•3nv 


to 

o ' 
CO 










'^ 




rH 




•CO 




T-l 






■^ 




^ : : i'^ 




i-tCi> 




.0 


r-"" 




■iiuf 










'-' 




iH 


^ -IM 












CO 




■ • • -1-1 <M 






eo 




•aunf S 


















• 'J' 






1-1 1-1 




to 




" : : ■ : 








'^ 




"•B 


■^«TM w 


















• N 


- 






IN 




o 


1-1 






■*i i-c 


to 


: — 


O 


I 


'Jdv ^ 






^ : 


!M 




"co~ 




.•D 


'-^ 








t^ 


: .^ 




'^ 




CO 




Ol 

0) 


J^W ^ 












V. 






•O 


1-1 




;--' 


'cD 








1-1 eo 




■»J< 




_■*» 


•q9.q 2 


'^ 










CO 




.Ciji__l 




N 






1-1 • •i-i—i • 


'^ 




•V 






'a«f S 


ffj 






IM 




Tf 




• t~- 


i-l 










00 






• • -iH 


'^ 




*. 




'a 




nA.a^oNi g 








































•iH • 








1-- 




)?i, 


•Ao 78 08 
'69-03 


^ 


























-.'- 






- 


- 


CO 






■ -.-( • • 








^ 


a 


S 






















:- 


rH 






• - .(Ni-1 








eo 




^ 
S 














'-' 




N 


•9< 


■ —1 




b- 




1-1 • ■ -co • 








<* 




"o 


•eeoe 






















• lO 


■<J*rH -IM 




e^ 




" : : : .^'^ 








eo 


• 1-1 


a 
1— 1 


•6t-sf- 

•H'Ot' 


CO 






















• ■* 


^ 


1-1 (MrH 


o- 




e>» 






(N 




























• I* 










•» 




'"'::: ;^ 








N 




o 


'68-98 53 






















•CO 










CO 




1-1 ■• •I-l 










N 




i-g-og 
•6z-es 
•t-gpg 

•6t-ci 
•H-Ol' 


o 

C4 


'- 












-^ 


rH • ■* 






1-1 




to 










r-l 




'^ 




2 
"2~ 
















(M 




• "l" 1-1 












1ft 




■^ : : : 










" 




















_cc 














to 


- 




















<! 


^ 


CO 














■ t~ 














t' 


-' 








'-" . 


M 




D 


2 
i2 


CO 












eo 




•N 














N 










• iH 


i-< 


• I-l 


O 

Cm 

1 


■6-Q 










'^ 




"^ 




• P» 














P5 


'""' 












'"' 




1 


•a 

a 


Tf 1—1 








'J' CO • 


i- 
































1-1 




1-1 




^ 


M 

N 


2 






'^ : 


>-l 1-1 • 


CC 


- 


— 






































cq 


2 










1-1 1-1 • 


(M 
































-' 




'-' 




;::; 










N N ■ 


^ 


































CC 

~oc 






yi 




1 


o 












■ 




































00 


GO 

1— 1 


d 

o 


•«?MOK ffi 


iO 






-.^ : 


to 




■in 
• N 


r-i cCi-l M 


Tf" r-l 


CO 

IM 


-J CO • ■ -t-rH • • • 


N 


:^ 




00 








- rr . 


■* 


'^ :::; 


•» ■ 


~c5 


. ^„,^ir^»H . 


!e 




02 


^ 


t^ 


1-1 • 


C5 N • 


C5 


; ;00 -— c • ; ; ; 


rt . . . . ,_ T)l,-1 
. . . . ,_! 


1-1 


• -H 






■B^S^OM «> 


; 










^,-l(^ 








::::'" 


'1- 




1-1 




•aSiaiOjj '-'5 


'-' 




tH -^ ■ 


tc 




1-1 ■ O • t- 

• 1-1 • 


»H - 




•r-l • • tH r- 


• 1-1 • 


10 
eo 


:'•' 


o 


■'ephU'eQ ^ 


^ 


'^ : 


QOCO • 


s 


- • ■* 1-1 CO • -Ift 1-t 
• -CO ■ • 




eoeo • _• tc 


(M N-^i-l 


;'"' 






•B^S ^OJfiJ =^ 
















'iM • 


CO 




Cfl"(M 






1 : : 


•ofBraa^ (M 


CO 






■f 50 • 


ec 


^ :g5 :«> : 


e«N • • I-l 1- 


1-1 I-l 


0^ 


: . 


•3IBIM -. 


OJ 


-< • lOr- • 


CD 1 • • -J rH C>4 1-1 IM 
1-C 1 • -(M 


1 CO 


1-1 N • ■ [^ I-l ■ •* • 1 »C 1 •N 


Q 

O 
ai 

o 




(D 
OQ 

a 

s 

o 

fl 






a 

s 

3 

o 

u 
<o 

s 

3 


en 

m 

1-1 
Q 

CO 

'^':= 
Si 

i| 


J 




■ a 

1i 


C 

c 

a 

1 

C 

P 


ci 

c 
a 


5 

o 

1 

'2, 
O 

00 




3 



< 

El 
7 

^' 

c 



E> 
a 

f- 

c 


3 

H 

n 

ii 

-1 


■a 

'. c 
, >- 
, o 
• K 

bi S 

^^ 


a: 

•^ 


t 
•a n 


c 

a 

£ 

re 
£ 
a 


1 


0, 

c 
a 

a 

c 

c 
a 

a 
C 


"c 

c 

C 

c 

I 

c 
< 

£ 
< 


• 


"cc 

-t- 
C 
E- 


m 

<B 

m 

m 
Q 

o 
o 


W 
H 

02 
>^ 
CO 
02 

o 
>.z 

. 4. 


'S 

"c 

J 

o: 

es 


•So* :5 
•9^ :g 
§ '^ •■r 
2m •* 

c8 . S 

a g - c 

0.2 ^Z 

.sl'sl 

•c fl£ <- 

c. «s 
Woa2aH 

CO Tj-'iCtC 


> 

c 


1 

oc 


c 
c 

Si 
"•'J 

> 

a 
1.0 
C 


■ I 



a 

"P 

' c 
> 

a 

t. 
a 

X 

C 

c 




;>5 

^^ 

i* 
c 
•< 

w 

c 

p 

E 


5 ' 

q : : 
-1 

Q ■ • 

H ' '. 

: : 

i '■ '■ 
:> : - 

M • • 
Jj •« 

H 

.PliW 

>• 



XXVll. 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 







r- -^ CO 


<o 


•tOS ■ COrHCO 




eo 





■ioiieocoweo?o»«r-i 


(M 04 ta ^ 


•rH*! 




—^ •. 




^_i 






, . ■<)< 










■V 










t-l 






■^ 
































§ 1 


• to 


|CO 

-|eo- 




!-!■•*<•. 


: : 


»« 1 : : ; 


■;:; 






1 '^ 1 


:^ ■ 




: : : : 


^^ 






^ 1 


-1 • • IM 




?j 


•COi-l ; 




-^ 1 : : 






y-l ■ 




1 ** 


:" . 






-- 






^ 1 


■^r^ • M 


1^ 


.IM . 


• 


-^ 1 : ; 


r-rHi-l 






1 ** 














S? 1 


CO ■ 


•N 


1 ^ 


1 '^ '■ 


• (M 




CO 




Nijj . . . 


r-IMrH 


1 "^ 


:- 


:- 




esi 






CO 1 


CO ■ 


. rH 




• 1-1 • 




^^ 




. -CS -1-1 ■ 


i-IIM©» 


1 '^ 
















CO 1 






1 
































>o 1 

_C3 1 
CO \ 




•CO 


|=0 








~^~ 




■^O* 1-1 






1 '* 


:'^ 






'^ 






N 




1 ^ 

|CO- 


1 -^ 


■I-I • IM 










- 


- 


- 




^ 


1 ^ 


• T^ 






i-i 






OQ 1 


Tj< 


;'^ 


1 rH i-( -CO • 




o 1 . 










r-t 










(N I 


■^ • 


• tH 


1 "^ 


1 • • -05 -^ 




o 




. 












r^ ■ 


1 i—i 




. . 














eo 1 






1 






1-1 




































ta 


■ tH 


1 '-^ 


1 rH(M -O • 




eo 




■ JM 








rH ■ rH 1-1 


1 o 












rH 
















_>n' 






































g 1 


^ 


• TJ< 


lo 


1 -(M 






'- 1 : 








1-1 








1 "^ 


J-* ■ 


-" 






IM 






.S 1 


1_ 


•eo 


(CO 


1 1-1 ; -CO ; 


-^-TL 


«- 1 : 


'"' 




— :_- 


-— 






! '"' 




— 






'"' 


— 1 




C^ 1 

&; 1 


iH 


T"^ 


1 . 

|eo 




c« -eoi-i 




1 : 1 : 
I'* 1 : 


— 


- 




r- 


— 






1 '"' 


;rH 


- 


— ^- 




TrH 


— 




to 1 


CO 


■CO 


1 ^ 




N -eo (N 


' ■ 


t- 
















1 ''^ 










. f^ 






CM 1 






1 r-l 






































lO 1 


CO 


• 00 


1 "* 




i-i • t^ 




1 °° 




. ^- 






COrH 


1 "^ 




— r1 1— 






1 ** 




















1 


























s 1 


eOiH • -f 


|0> 


1 


eo 




l"^ 




00 


1 


• 1-1 




^ ■ 


rH 




1 "' 


■ rH 






i "^ 






^ 1 


eo 


•<M 


\^ 


1 


1-1 






1=* 1 : 






























^ 1 


'-' 


: : |-^ 1 




n ■ 




!<« 1 : 






























55 1 


Cd 




i "^ 


- — 




■ eo 






CO 
1 "* 


1 
1 










.'-' 






1 "^ 


■-^ 


■.^ 




1 "^ 






g 1 : 


'~N 


"|~Tt< 










-^ 


• r-l rH 




1 CO 


• rH 




-:-:-:- : 


! "^ 






2 1 


e<i 






• eo • 




eo 


1 


:" 


N 


;t-I 






1 "** 


f-l 






1 '^ 






S 1 


•-' 










• -H ■ 




1-^ 1 : 








^ 




rH 


1 ^ 














'« 


•^ 1 


(N 








• rH • 




1 1—1 
















t-l 


1 1—1 
















^ 


1-1 1 


















































s 


(O 1 






1 r^ 






■N • 




1 "^ 
















^_j 


1 ,_( 


































































HnS 


•o 1 














■ 1— t 




1 <— < 




. ,_, 




f^ 








■ 1 94 


















1-1 1 




















































^ 






















































•* 






. 




1 




















. 






















1 


r-l 




















































H 


eo 1 










1 ^ 


■ l-H 




1 ^ 




■ »-i 
















* 1 f'^ 




































































» 


(M 




















































< 
PS 




















































;:; 1 








1 '"' 






1 *"" 




. .^ 














• 1 ■* 














M 


<=> 1 










1 *— * 


•lO • 




1 '^ 




■ -o 










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■ 1 T-* 


















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1 oc 


1 ■ t>. -CO ^^ 


r ~ '•' 


1 o" 




N • 


rl r- e« I*, r-l r- 


1 1 C4 




■ IJ. r. 


M • C^ 


, . . . . 


1 "^ 












1 IM o 






1 CO 








1 r-* 
















CO 


CO • (N 






1 ■* 




f^ 


l-irH .IM ■ 


■ 1 O 




r-. 1—1 






i ** 










1 C^ 


1 


■o 






1 T— 1 
























■ lO -05 


1 ''^ 


1 ■* 


. 


. . . 


1 '* 




■IM 15" eo 1-1 -fH ■ -»< 


• 1 »o 




_, 


. ,_H 




1 '^ 












1 • • 1-1 • 


























CO 




X" 


1 .... 


~T 


1 : 1 ::::::::: 




1 :" 




1 *"* 






lO 


■* i-H -er 


1 0- 


1 • lO -N 




1 "^ 




■ 1-1 ■ ■ .-. c<i 1-ieo • 


• 1 00 




rH N r- 




^ . . . . 


1 ^ 










1 C< 
































eo ■ e^ 


1 «= 


1 •* Tf< ■* 1-1 C 


s 


1 CD 




■ ■*■«»< eo W . en eo ic 1- 


■. 1 rf 




-H Cv 


- •— t r- 




1 '° 






Tj< 




1 c^ 


1 'CO 








f-i 


1 CO 
















CO 




T" 








fT 


1 




^rHC*^ 


















eo • -IT 


1 * 


1 CO N • f 




1 "-I 




■iMOi-ieo.- 


H 


■ 1 *~< 




MIM- 


-1 r-4 




1 * 






C4 


i-i • • 1- 


1 Cv 




■t r- 


■•"' 




1 <N 






■ 1 « 1 
















■^ i-H ■ r- 


1 °( 


1 r- 


. .»» .c 


) • • 


1 e^ 




•eOTfW ■ r-l (M ■* i«' 1- 


H • rH j 


•CO 


. - -c 


J . . . . 


1 *° 






r-l 


i-l • .- 


1 CV 


1 -CO • 




1 ■* 






1 C4 1 












a 

s 

§ 

o 

Si 

a 

p 


'J 

l-l c 

'c 

i 


! 

y 

3 1 


:a'| 

ill 

Ill 


3 

1 

2 r- 

:> ^ 

: C 
5 ^ 

3 
3 

5 
1 

5 


lo : 

■•i— 1 ; 

^ • . 

en g c 
'^cSc 


3«P. 


1 i 
• 

: 

• 

1 
s 

0-iC 


; ;i 

: \\ 

. .OQ 

' ci >> 

c 0.0, 
5t3 O 

* OS +a 


> 

l-H 

o 

l-H 

Q 

I-i 
> 


Ulcer of ths Stomach 

Other Dis. of Stom. (cancel excp'd) 
Infan. liiarr. & Cholera Infantum 
Diarr. & Enteritis (not infantile). 


m ■ 

:"•! 

• "S *^ 

:-°£ 
: oi-i 

.-3 V « 

;.i-.E 

• 4^ 0!} C 

• a '^^ 
•.^ S" 

3 iSQ t 

sffloc 


3 , 

3- 
J ' 

i . 

) ■ 

^0 


1 - 
■-•" 

s 

D 

3 

3 
c 

3, 
3 

; :. 

H 1- 


is' 

3 ^>^ 

° O 
S H 
5 '"' 

>— 1 


CO 1 

.•5 °c 


. c 
. ) 

• < 

• ( 

'.< 

• 
1 « 

3C 


§ : :S 

3 ■ • t 

"5 ; id 

^ :^- 

" •iS-' 
>> .2- 

§ :^, 

3 0-" 

» * o 

5 oi.Ss. 


Meteritis 

Other Diseases of the Uterus 

Ovarian Cysts & Ovarian Tumors 
Other Dis. of fem. Genital Organs 


Total 

[11. PUERPERAL DISEASES. 
. Puerperal Septicemia 




CO -r lO a 


^ n rj ^ ic -- 


r- iM eo -f id "-o t>l » 3-. < 


— 1 Cd 


-V iO 1 


3 t~ X 050 

r-l 


>'^ 


























xx\ 


n 


11. 































6*2 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (Xo. 3*2). 



A. 1899 









« 




<» 


: : : 




SiSSg 


eo 

l-H 


©» -rH 


e«j 


• •iO ■ -COr- rH - 


g 


V\ t^rH 





»» 

•* 










: 1 : 


1 : : : 1 : 


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62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 





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XXX. 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32), 



A. 1899 



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XXXI. 



62 Victoria 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 





•V 


TP . 


•V 


• i-H . 


- 


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t^CC — 


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CM 1 O- 


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to 


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IX. THE SKIN. 

1. Erysipelas 

2. Skin and Adnexa (Cancer excpt'd) 

1 


S 

o 

H 

>^ 

m 

2d 
O 
H 

O 

o 
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s 

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b 

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s 


1 
3 
a 
g 
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Total 

xr. MALFORMATIONS, ETC. 
I. Still Births 


09 

a 

"el 

§> 

a 

» s 

Q.2 

fl-Q 
? «- 

be 0) 

as 


> 
Q 

T 




"3 

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Eh 

K 
1— ( 

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s 



a 
_o 

a 


■A. Gas Poisoning 

4. Drowning 

5. Firearms 


"5 

4^ 


E-t 

w 

Q 

< 

1— ( 

1— ( 


C 
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ci 

0) 

= 
sS 



a 

a 

3 

CJ 
?5 


a c 
'5 'a 


a 
2 

s 




fi. Bicycles 

S. Burns and Scalds 

10, Accidental Poisoning 


'.m 
.a: 

a 

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bo 




'S 

3 

E^ 


3 
u 

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a 

9 

HI 



?1 




"3 


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xxxu. 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 





•si^ioj, ::;; 


S 




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r^ 3i — 0S«O«lO3'. <— 
eC » "»• iH ^ 


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5 

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iHrH ;;;=»; 


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■%oo §g 1 ^ 






• 30 


■ 1 lO 1 i-l -a: ■ O • f-l ; 


152 


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CO • 


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lE^ 


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a) 


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3 

3 

1 

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XXXlll. 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 





rf 


OCd »ft OS 


2 


05 ^ 00 05 -Xl 00 C5 
(M-^ CM t- CO 




O •* t-- go O 35 o eo t~ CD 1-1 


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-»> 


t-l c<» 1 00 


loeoeo CD 


05 




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-H,H^ 












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1-1 


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— 




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12 1 






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1-1 






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1-1 




: : 1 : 








l~ 




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- 


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rH 1 rH 


c 


s 


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^eo |o 








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!•* 1 




-_ 








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■ ;-' 
















r-< 1 






12 








iH 1-1 
1 


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^ 












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1 


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1 : 1 








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■* 


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s 


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CO 


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1 «0 1 35" 


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CO 








T-l 


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rH 1- 




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C<1 CO-^COO-^t-CMif^TWi-l 00 lOOOi-l 

1 1— 1 o 1 eo 1 1-1 


•*! 










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CM 1 






a 

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s 


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c 

en 


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c 

1 

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C 
rr 


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< 

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c 
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a 

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<; 


1 C 

a 

c 

c 

h 

a 

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C 


■s 


+■ 
c 


p 


5 

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-1 -1- 


X 

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c 
c 
c 

K 
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2 

J= 

u 


'c 

c 

g 

s 
9 

o 
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a 
2 
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CO 


,.2 
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o 

s 

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a 


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s 

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a 
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1 

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ce 

t« 

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CO « 

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c 

c. 

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u 
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c 
m 

i. 

u 
d 

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CO 


a 

1 

C 

c 

•^ 
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1 

pi; 
i, 

s 

5 
■»f 


> 

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> 

Q 


a 

C 

_c 

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1 

c 
_c 

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a 
t 

■c 

■> c 

ce 

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w 

CD 


J 
C 

d 

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d 

o 

in 

o 


> 

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i 
s 

Q 
oc' 


A.- 

l! 

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0.;=; 

35© 




a 
■(•; 
C 
Eh 


> 

> 

< 



1 

pi 

c 


3 

H 

M 
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■J 

ix 

■1 a: 
^^ 

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3 o 


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4H 

■C 

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PQ 

CM 


X 
a 

C 

< 

> 

s 

r: 

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s 

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c 


6 

c. 
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> 


c 
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m 
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s 


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C 
1 

c 

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1 

o 
a 



CD 


a 
a 


a 

X 

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a 

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tr 

5 
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1 

ec 

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1 

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i 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 







r-i 00 


• 00 


;IO ; 


>o 


iac<iaoi-i 

OSOOO-J 


1 


i-iN 




eo 


00 rH 

rH 


o» ; 


•<l>rH 
rHrH . . 


2 


oo« to 


8 


9 


• 












• 1 t^ t^ CO Ol 1 » 


rH • ■ 




rH 


rH • 




rH «) . . 


r» 1 '" : : 


rH 


so I 






1 "^ ; 






: 


- 1 «) en iM oc 1 lO 
1 1 N 












.(M • ■ 


5^ 

eo" 




I-' 1-- : : 


"N 
~C^ 






i '^ 






: 


• 1 f Oi 00 


0-. 1 o 

1 CO 

:: IS 
^ IS 
2 if§ 




^ : 




^ 


7-1 • 




e<i - • 


1^1 : :*^ 


611 

tei 










.c, . 


1 i-H 


• 










■^ • 




rH 


rH ~- ^ 


1-° 1 ■ : : 


■ 




1 : '^ 


• 1 e<i 




1 t~05 t~- 










CO ~ 


"co 




rH 


1 CO 


IMrHrH 


J9L 






1 ■ '^ 


: 1 -' 


- r-l • 


1 .-KM 


• 








; 




•rH- 


1 '^^^ 


• 




1 ^^ : 




■.^ : 


1 rH rH 


in 1 00 

_ 1 CO 

30 1 OO" 

1 <M 


-f 








"rH 


"* !" 


yiM 




rH •• • 


1 *"* 
"["bo"" 


.-" : 


'- 


tei 






1 ■ """ 


: 1 -^ 


:-- : 


rH 1 to 1-1 CO 
1 rH 


'^ : 






rH rH • . 


: : • 


: 


zei 






1 "^ ! 








• 1 IM 05 oeo 1 •^ 

• 1 rH rH rH 1 •.»< 












^ : 


•rH ■ ■ 




1 CO 1 C<» -r-l 


CO 


951 














• 1 OOlO t^N 1 IM 

• f r- 1 CO 












IM • 




'-' : 




|CO 1 ;r- . 


^ 


IKI 


• 




1 -»< M 


• 1 CO 




-- 


• 1 OJOO^OOO 1 T-H 

■ 1 1 CO 

■ 1 00 (N N05 1 rH 

• i rH ! CO 












r-l »H 










1 '^ 1 :-''- 


IM 


eti 






1 1-1 r-t 


'■ 1 ^ 




















CO • 




1 CO 1 IM rH • 


CO 


sei 


; 




1 ^ : 










: 1 : 




















1 : 1 : : : 


: 


e 
















8 18 












• 










1 '^ 1^ : : 


-^ 


ee 








• 1 r-.* 


:^ : 


rH 1 


in 1 >o 










— : 








:'"':: 


|<^ 1- : : 


-^ 


eei 

26 






1 : ^ 






















rH • - • 


1 rH 1 CO -rH 


^ 






1 • •<*' 


• 1 -«1< 












rH • 




'^ 








rHIM • • 


1 CO 1 ;—<'■; 


-^ 






1 "^ : 




'."^ : 


rH 1 ■ 














<N • 


:^ : 


"co 


'"' ; : 


1 ^ 


i ■ 
1 -' 




: 


SI- 






1 '"' '. 












- 


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IM • 

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1 ^ 


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oc 










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'^ 1 : ; 








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N • 


- 




1-^ 1 : : : 


1 : 


gt 






1 **• 




--;- 




— :- 


1 ■ : 






'-' 






-1 








1 CO 1 rH —1 - 


1 (M 
1 


Ol' 






1 '^ : 




i : : 
1 ■ : 


— 


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1 00 1 rH rH (M 


1^ 


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■— : 


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r-l 




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1 ^ 


59 
65 






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1 1 








N lO 


in 


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r- • • -lO »C 
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t- to ■* C«l 

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r-l 


00 • 


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1 *^ ! 






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r.s 










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1 1 •• -to 1 CD 






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1 "^ 


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1 


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tH t^ 


t- 


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1 1 rH 1 CO 


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• rH rH • • 

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CO 
1 ■* 


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1 ■• 1 : • : 


1 • 

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to IC 

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688 


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2 Skin and Adnexa (Cancer except'd) 
Total 


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a 33 
5£ 

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0* T 


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3 ! 

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hC 


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1.2 


a 



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t— 


c : 

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62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 3*2). 



A. 1899 





•si«40i :;: 








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1-1 35 « 








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Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 





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IX. THE SKIN. 

Erysipelas 

Skin and Adnexa (Cancer excpt'd) 

LOCOMOTOR SYST'M. Total 

Pott's Disease 

Diseasf s of Bones and Joints. . . . 
Amputation (for unspecified Dis.) 

Total .... 
LI. MALFORMATIONS, ETC. 
Still Births 


m . 

§ : 

'i : 

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a) ® 

as 


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Total 

XIV. ILL-DEFINED CAUSES. 

1 . Dropsy 

2. Tumors 

3. Other Ill-Defined Causes 

Total 

Total ftom all oauses 




r-^->\ vii— r»« '^^-j ?»«« yt r-^a^v.-fia <^ - 


- r» r; 


-r o '.o t- 3 


3 5iO 



xliv. 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 





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xlv. 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 



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xlvi. 



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r-l(NC0'l'O»t-XC". O 



S >' 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 189 





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Sessional Papers (Nu. 3*2) 



A. 1899 





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62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No 32). 



A. 1899 





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Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 





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62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 




62 Victoria. 



Ses ional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 





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62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 



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BUT 


Puerl Al' unjiuuria and Convul 
Other ac of Preg., sudden dei^lh 
Puerperal Diseateof the Breast 

:. THE SKIN. Total ... 

Erysipelas 

Skm and Adnexa (Cancer except') 

Total 

LOCOMOTOR SYSTEM. 


■"o t 

• a 
'. «s 

'• o 

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i'o. 

i 1 

^2- 


AmputatiDU ^Ior unspecineu uiv.) 

Total 

[. MALFORMATIONS, ETC. 

Still Births 

Consren. Debil.and Malformation*. 

Other Diseases of Infancy 

Senile Decav 


"3 
o 

. Ed 
Q 

O 
1— 1 

m ■ 


iroison 

Strangulation 

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Drowning 

Firearms 


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1- 


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Lightning 


£ ■ 

es . 

O ■ 

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p >>' 

ID o " 

WiSp 


Bums and Scalds 

Homicide -. • • .- 

Accidental Poisoning 


Total 

[V. ILL-DEFINED CAUSES. 
Dropsy 


Tumors 

Total 


ai 

OQ 

a 

O 

ii 

1 


NCC-V r-Ji-HM vlr-IN 


■<s k^ rt eo c«i ^ k^ i-H N CO •* lo vj 


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lO-x; r 


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MrHNCO 





liii. 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 





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Total 
IV. CIRCULATORY SYSTEM. 

1. Paricarditis 

2. End ocarditia 



liv. 



62 Victoria. 



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Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



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lix. 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 





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Ix. 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A, 1899 



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ixi. 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 





1-1 


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Ixii. 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 





■^I'B^Oi 5: 


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Ixiii. 



62 Victoria 



Sessional Papers (No. 32) 



A. 1899 



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S !>■ 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 




r- s- a. 

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Ixv. 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 





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t-l 


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_ 


to 1 eo 


rH 'J'rHeOrH 
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2 1 


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to 

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c 1 

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^r.rHO 






s i-^ 


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1*1 rH CO 

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<I> 


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: 1 : 








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cTcc 




: 1 




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- 


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CO T-l 




CD 


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g 1=^ 


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in 

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Ixvi. 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 



-a" -eo 


g 


aOCS— HOi-iOO-^t-H 




OiOtOOt-COi-HlNt-CO 

rHINi-H rH 


00 

oo 


lOJO '• 


«^ -r^ '■ 


■* CCr-ICO 

rH 




t- 


•9 




•V 1 00 1 


• -OS ;i-" ; 




SI : : : : 




^ ; : : 


CO 1 -rH • 
■*" 1 rH rH~ •" 




1-H 1 ... 








C4 j CX) 1 


1-1 rH l>. • •!-( 




o 1 -T-i • e« 




- : : . 


r-t • • ■ ■ •• 


CO 1 ; • • 








CO 1 t> 1 




CO • I-H r-l 




U3 1 1-H .ijl -iH 


CO -rH ; 1 O 1 :'-' ; 


•rH • • • • 


N 1 ; : ; : 






Tf 




^ |C, 1 


f-1 


I-H • • 






IN j 1-HCO-H ir (N 


•iH • - 1 IN 1 . . . . 
• . 1 (N 1 . . . . 




• 1 rH . • . 




rH 




« ,t- 1 










• j ^ N051-HC0 


• -rHN j 04 1 ,-t . . 




rH 1 ... 






er, 

->* 




•* 1 c- 1 _I-I 








1-H 1 IN -I-H • • 


• - -rH ■ ■* 1 ,_|^ . 


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rH 




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<NrHr-( 






« 1 :- 


T-l rH rH 1-H ,H IN 


|00 1 










; 




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■^ . . 






CO 1 .^ 






: i-^ 


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rH 


1 : :^ 




'- 


as 

c 




" !■> 


1 
1'^ 


IN 


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« 




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t-l ; • • i-l 


-^1 ; :- : 


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|CO 1 
















; 1 : 1 


i-l 


I-H • • • 




« 1 : : 


•r-l • • > 




I-" i 














I-H " 


•^ IS 1 
22"IS 1 


1-" 


CO -tH • 
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- 


'S 


•IN 


rH IN • 1-H 




|tO , 






iH 


rH 1 ... 






<H 


1-H 1-H rH • • 


rH 1 lO 1 NrH • 


-rH .... 


Tjl 1 . . . 








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rH 


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^ (cc 1 


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1 CO 1 rH C4 • 




CO 1 ; _ - 






•iH 




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CO ■ -.^ 




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rH 




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1 "^ 1 






'. : :^ . : 


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^ 1^- 1 






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i-> 




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r-l 




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1 : • : 








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CO 1 • 1 CO 1 


WrH • ; ; ; 


t- 1 ... 






JO ■ 

I-H • 


• ■ Tt" -INN 

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OOlrHN -COi-H -I-H -tH -lOil CON • 


: : :^ : : 


to 1 COrHCO 




t- 


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00 |eO'*<tOIN • to -Mi-H 1 Tf 1 -rH ■ 
IN 1 IN • • • \ -V \ 




'"' 1 ; ; ; 






•H • 


: 1^ 1 : : : : : : 




: 1 ::.::::.:: 1 ■ 1 : : : 










<oco 


JO 1 c^ 1 -co ■ -r • (N IN 




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IN 1 • • 1 1-H 1 

to loot-toooo -oji-ixico ICO 1 IN cq 


'. 


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c- 1 • 

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• 


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t> 




: 1 : 1 ;::.:::: 


: 1 :::::::::: 1 : 1 : : : 








: 




• 


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- • -T^ ■ ■ 


t- 1 COrHCO 




t- 


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s 


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<N 


r- 




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lO t^cc 


lO'^ 


C^ 


t-IN JC 


IM 




IN 

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er. 


■^ 


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t- 


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M y £ o >.'i3 



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'-= F a t, 

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iPhU<!0 






rHffqCOiJilOCOt-OO 



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32 . 



■P<iij 






Ol-H 



a. a. 
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p^domS 






f-HCjeoTfjotot-oocso 



Ixvii. 



o 



02 

■z 

(-H 

p- 

Hit 



.<J 



fc, t^ 



I « In.*." 



! >. 



So 5 
to '^ 






IE "3 

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r-,<i 



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Ph £-t. 



=a 



pqc^aoSooo t:;pHP^OP^ 



.rHe^CO^tiJOtOt-OOOS© 



© ^ rH eieo^ 






62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No, 32). 



A. 1899 





1-1 


i-i • 










CCCO.-I •H' 


ec 1-I.-I • • 

c^ : : : 


CO 


00 CO |00 \ -NrH '. 1 


rH 

CO 


to rH ■<J< 


CO 








1 : : 








• 1 t^C^lff* ■* 1 «o 


:::..! : 


eO^ • .rH - ■ • 




^ 
"^ 


~: T: 1 : 


19 




1 : : 








• 1 (M CO C5 (N 1 05 


: : ; : : 


1~< 




■ -rH 




• rH 1 rH 


S9 




§§ 1 "^ : 


" 


. . . 




•|C^e0C<5.-l|O>i-( • • • • 


MrH • 




: : "1^1 "^'^ : 1 ^ 


99 




fel 










■\Ci-^0 


0CD^,2 
-1 •* 1 05 




Vi~ 






; : : 1 : i ^'-'^ 


CC 


09 




§g 1 










- 1 COi-l .- 










« i -^ . . 

00 1 • CO ■ 


19 




^ 1 










■ 1 CO CO 


•CO 1 t- 




t-l 


•^rH -CO • • • 




CC 


f9 




eo 1 










• j CC T^ 


■^ 


"03 


:^ \ : . 


-* 


• -rH • • • 


rH • . 


CO 1 rH .CO 1 CC 


09 




CO 

00 
CO 


1 










: I' 
: ! ' 


f .-1 i-iCC 




,-1 




: : : 1-^ 1 : 









1 




—. 




V 


-i-i Tji j OS 1 




'-' 


y-< 


; ; ; 1 CO 1 -e 


• 1 CO 


1-9 




1 








• 1 eoe»T-no 1 1-1 




- 


SO 


■ -r^ ■ ■ ■ 


: ; . i « 1 - : 


; 1 -^ 


e9 




1 








• 1 PQ e<i oaso 1 ov 






. -CO • ■ ■ 




CO 1 rH . 
rH 1 55 


• 1 CO 


09 




^ 1 










■■J 
'■ i 


CO .-ir-4 00 ; CC 1 




r~< 








P.9 




(M 1 




— 












: : 1 : 




r-* 








"th"; 


: ;^ I^J 9 1 










: 1 






00 1 oo 
CO 1 CO 

CO 1 <N _ 




-: 


^ 








-- : : 1-^ 


01 
16 








^ 


~-~^\ 




i 

1 
















i """^ • 1 


CO 




lO 
CO 






—. 




T-l 
1-1 


Th 


• ;C0 • • 




to j MNrH 1 


« 


1 08 












i 










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co~ 








- 


8P 














1 
















• • • 1 CO 1 




1 ■ 


91 














1 










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; 1 
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1 ^ 

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eg 




C^ i 






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1 
1 














M 










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tH 

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2' 


















-: - 




rH 








rH 1 1-1 - 












- 


1 
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— 


- 






rHrH ■ 


■ ■ y-l 




CO 1 


■rH,- 


i *^ 


oe 







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- 




1 :| 


1-1 • • ■ 1 


rH rH • C<1 


- • rH 


: : : !«« 1 






ee 








1 




- 


- 


- - 










: i 

CO 1 


_CO~ 


~ 1 CO 


82 


s 








J 

1 








(M 


.'-'.:: 




il 


o 






















■CO • • • 




« 1 








-,- 


61 


:> 


J3 








-:-r-r!- 




i 






'-' 


1 "^ 




CO 














6 


_ 
















•1 




- 








: : : 1 : 1 








11 




2 










1 




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; 1 






1 :» IT 1 


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1 




1-1 


1 " 












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CC 


1-1 -^ 


1 <f^ 
1 t~ 




T-< 


'.'~' '. '. l' 


H • • 1 CO 1 




1 : oei 
1 




o 1 

—00- 


-^ : 1 


^ 






1 








s- 


■ ■ ■ 1 rH 


Jh ■ '-"^ '• •'"' • • : 1 ^ 1 '*'^'' 1 i^^l 


i8K 




: : 1 








1 




o 

CO 




r^ 


■*co""^-a< 


;:::::! 


c« 1 CO 


COIM 


|tO 

|CC 


tS[ 




r> 1 : : 1 








1 eO(Mi-i -1 


e 


rH • • • 1 


: i—^ : ; | 


CO • 


88g 




CO , 


: : 1 








i 




S f 


CO 




- 


;.•:::::::! : i -^ : : 


1^ 


£81 ! 




-" ; i 


'-' 










a-. 
CO 




CO • • CO j 


« 1 Cq CO ■ 


i 


o 




^1 : : 1 








1 CC IM 


rH rt 1 


<M iH 

03 


rH • ■ . j IM 


OCO O - -C^ rH ■ 1 


lO 1 CO 00 Tj< 1 
IM 1 1 


•<*< 


i£S 




"M : : 1 








1 CM 1-1 CO 1 lO 

1 ~f-^00 CO » |-^ 1-1 

1 ri i-l CO 1 O 




CO 


Wrn" "-rH 




: : : 1 : 1 : : ; I 




■ 1 




o, 1 : : 1 












^ : : 1 


to : CO 

IM 1 


•*-rt< 1 


i 


z^c 




^1 ^ : 1 


""^ 




-^ : : : 1 


lO 1-1 • C- ■ • CO ■ • • 1 


^ : IS] 


A88 




a 

S 

s 
"o 
O 

"S 
J 

a 
1 


S '■ 
5 ■ 

m : 

a ■ 
H ■ 

1-1 _G 
> 


Skin and Adnexa (Cancer excpt'd) 

LOCOMOTOR SYST'M. Total 

Pott's Uisease 

Diseases of Bones and Joints 

Amputation (for unspecified Dis.) 

Total 

il. MALFORMATIONS, ETC. 
Still Births 


Congen. Debil. and Malformations 

Other Diseases of Infancy 

Senile Decay 


"3 • 



^ •: 

w \ 
o • 

o ■ 

H-l fl 
^ g 

02-5 


Strangulation 

Gas Poisoning , . 

Drowning 

Firearms 

[II. ACCIDENTS. Total 


o ; 
? : 

o ; 

5 : 

■a ■ 

a ■ 

«s : 

ii 


bCbL 

.s.s 

"a 'a 


• • •- 


• • bo 

'■ '. 3 
-5 
3 : g 

i ®3 

8.-2 fl 
„ O IB 

3 C o 

3n«! 


'■rn 

OO : 

^Q : 

H : 
z . 
1— 1 • 
fa : 
H : 
Q • 

l-H Jl 

. o 


o 

a 

s 
H 


1 

CO 

s 

<D 

a 

CC 
a> 
Q 

«.• 
1) 

.a 

O 


Total 

Total from all causes 




fh(n j^^e^w "^—iNM^' j^riesi«!-<*<'id ^ 


r-l CO 


CO ir 


o «; r-a 


DOiO 


t^rHC^CO 1 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 





•si^Bioj, :5 


(M - ec e» ec o t- 

r-l • (WrH 


CD 


COi-^ lO 


COCO t^O IM 
w 1— t 


CO 


to t^ 1-^ Si 01 t^ 
rH N 


rH (M rH 


CO 








a 

a 

o 




•odQ 9 1 ^ : ■.'^ 


w ■ 


|0 1 




CO 
(M 

1— ( 




.'- 


s 


;rH -cq (M 


rH (M ■ 


CO 

"co~ 


— 


— 




AON S: °^ : 




-r T-H 


1 ^ ■ 




-• : 


CO 




(M 


(M 




rH 


: 




^00 « 1 "^ : 






(M 


- 


1 lO 1 1-H 00 
~l"l-!~ j IM l-H (X)"" 






;3 






; 


CO 






— 












■* 


'** : ; 


CO 

~<z> 




<— IrH ■ -a- 








;d 






fU 






- 


i-H 




1 C^ ■ • • U3 


~(M 


IM -H rH 


: 


" 


•(M _rj< 






t- 






^ 


-.^(nf g 1 "^ 


•(N 




1 ■* 1 . :"^ 




ec 


• rH • N rH CO 




corn 


r-l 
"(M' 








MUUf ^ 


tH 


^ 




rH 




1 (M 1 IM _■* 


Tf .1-1 




:^ : . 


'-' 




: : 






<« 




-i^W S? 






(M(M • 


1 o 1 -< 00 


N • 1-IC^ ■ 


•*■ 


-;;rH-; — 




- 


y-( 


: 


lO 






o 


Jdv ?3 1 ■ : 




•^ 


(MO 




1 '^ 




■ t- 


CO I— 


-^ 




;:; 




-»• 






'S 


•i^IM S 1 








■<r I- 




1 '"' 


co 


1-1 


-^ 


t^ 






CO . 


t- 






'5 

Q. 
O 


■qajL 


CO 1 
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- 


CO ■^i 


■CO 


1-1 1-1 ■ • 


05 


(M N • rH N 




^ • 


00 




-. 


UBf 


a» ; 


1 ^ 


• 6^ 


• w 


a: 


rH 


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•" . 


IO 




3 

a 
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3 


6 

ClC 

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S 1 










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: 1 : : : 


.:.-■; 


-> 






rH 






rH 






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w 




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CO 

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tr- 






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il-QL g 





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— 


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1 >n 1 ^ -rH 
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1 1-1 ( ; ;05 


■ iH 
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• lOrH CO 


't-l 








)90ii ^ 


e<i • 


rf 


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- rH 


io 
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OJ 






1— 1 


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iH -1-1 • 


05 


• - ■ ■ r^ 








eo 






_ J 


Jf'QJ' S5 1 " : 






^- 




1 1-1 1 (M ■-* 


:^ . 


Oi 


■ Tj< 


T-t 








lO 






00 


^-Oi^ ?3 


IM 










1 1-1 1 ■ -SD 


1—1 
CO 


■rHCO - 


'oo 








(M 








'-' 


eo 






Jg-QS 


S 










1 « 1 • -* 




1-1 • 






- 




- 




'-' 






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05 j e^ 








:-' 


I (M 1 (M -^ 




^ 


;(M 


-.o 


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'^ 






o 










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_ 




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t- 
























CO 1 (M • 






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1 


ji-si ^ 1 =" : 






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1 


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-- 


- 


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CM 


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^ 1 ^ 


: : : 








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- 


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C<3 .- 






00 1 Ot-IO 
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1 


I 


CO t-rH CO 1- 


:c 


• 


1-1 






IS 


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« 1 : : 


e^c- 




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1-1 














— 


-^ 


SIB 


tnsji 


c 


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1 05 

1 eo_ 

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: 


IM 1-1 lO«C 

1-1 


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t- 


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CO 
CO 






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H 

O 
Ed 

to 




m 

CD 
CQ 
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CD 

a 
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s 
S 

D 

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3 


CO 

cr 
1-1 

m 

3| 

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d 
> 
a 


c 
C 

> 6 

■ 'c 

' C 

; c 

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a, 

3 

£ 
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p 

c 

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a 

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5 


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SO 

0-3 

OSS 

. 


:'3 

•2 
• ti 

:cn 
, ■'O 

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LI 


3 
O 

o 

X! 
i 

S 


a 

c 

c 

a 

c 

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5c 

la 


'S 
o 
u 
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C 
<s 

1 

's 

) o 

3 05 


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•*J ID 
(D 

Ehcd 

CC 
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CO 

s 

ly 
O 


w • 
H : 

CO 

>H : 

CC • 
c» ".-2 

>.2-S 

05 = i 

(C C 
rH(> 


..D C 
1 CD a 

3 O a 
' CO -fl 


3 

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PC 
a 

'c 

*> 


3 


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s 

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62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 







t— 

.-H 




•CO lO 


CCOi 


• t- t-H eoio 1- 

IM i-H 


10 




■ ia05i<iH'*<t-c5O5ce 

f-H rH 




CCCD 




• M 








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eo 

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■f 




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03 1 C 

n 1 


f 




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t'-' 


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; 


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\ 




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t 




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1 






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1 


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• 1 






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Ixx. 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32), 



A. 1899 



1-1 w »o I 



N •€<> Tf< I 00 
53 N"t-<"lM~rr-' 



5D Tji ,-c ^ 



■ r 

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"so"! im'n" 



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sop 



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• 73 

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^ =•-'•-.2 *; S =3-- H 'T >,f l-( 

?s 5 ot .- © u 'S t: o H .£§-=' 

>iftt-o 






o 

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03 

O 

o 

$ 

o 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 







•«[^?oX 5: 


eq 


• »0 Tji ■<»■ CD 






«e • 


NOtT-Hi-h 


« 






-9>«0 • 


OS 














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■* 




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- 




r-H 


*" 




la 












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tH 


:" : 


ec 


: 


10 1 (M 


t— -I-H 

'ffa'yiH 


• I-H • 




I— 1 


— 




^co 


I-H 




. w^ 










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: 


rl P r-l • 


I-H • 




ifi 




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: : 


.0 


-. 


- 






-^ 


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: 


IM 1 ; ; 


CO -co ; ; • 


• 1 CO 




I-H I-l 


5^ ; 




^ : 
^ : 




"^ 




w 


y~ M 


: 


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to •i-H,-.,-H 


• 1 OS 


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X 


ii. 









































62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 



OS 


c- 


00 1 ioe\ 


■ t-eOi-iN 


o 


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CO 


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CO 








" 






IN 


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'^ 


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©5 








1 c«i 1 • 


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: . : : 1 


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1 ^ 


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. . . . 
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> 

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DIGESTIVE SYSTEM. 

ei of the Stomach 

er Dis. of Stom. (cancer excp 
n. Diarrh. & ('holera Infan 
rrh. & Enteritis (not infanti 


• — 0^ 

.o.S 

H -" 

^J 
■■%^l 

lis 

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a 

t- 
d 
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c 
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2 

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■ 



- 

i 

! 

j 
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5 

C 


• « • 

O/ • 

s • 

< ■ 

Id . ^ 

:2 iff 
•Sol 


of the ma'e Genital, Organs 

riiis 

cr DiseaBes of the Uterus . . 

er Dis. of fern. Genital Orga 


Total . .'. . 
PUERPERAL DISKASE 

erperal Sept'cemia. . 

er'l Albuminuiia and Convul 
ler ace. of Preg., sudden dea 
erperal Disease of the Breast 


"3 


.tioS'f-^ 




; o «J 53 = -"j: 






__.<;pac>CQScoo 




t, a i- * 

o<i;<;c 


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3 t< c ^ c » *■ 




. 3 = « 3 

H-pL,fUiC;a. 




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i 


r- 


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j 




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^rHCv 


i co' ■*' 







Ixxiii. 



62 A'ictoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 



















OeOOiO 
(Mr-lrH CO 


1 








- 


>*« ;t-l 


::"*::: 




3 


•*r-<i-^ 


eo 






o 

Oi' 
CO 

C<3 






- 








1 1-H C^ 


liHCO 1 t- 

:~r«5 1 










^ : 




. . ,-t . . . 


~9- 






j 


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C<l 


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nr. 




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1 :| 








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1 












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1 














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: : : 
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to 1 
















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1 (MiH 


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1 


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( see 




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in 














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o 

a; 


IX. THE SKIN. 

1. Erysipelas 

2. Skin and Adnexa (Cancer excpt'd) 

1 


H 
03 
>H 
CO 

P5 

H 
O 

O 

o 

o 

M 


ft 
c 


'c 

T) 
S 
cs 

I 

§ 

m 
a> 

e« 
X 

3 


Q 

■o 

I) 

ft 
a 

u 

S 
■ o 
-5 

♦» 
3 
O4 
S 

< 

CO 


c 
( 


J 

-1 

/f 

D 
-1 
— 1 

'< 

% 

P 


m 

a 


s 

X 

c 

Si 
c 

6 


> 

u 

a 

"a 

l-H 
t 

a 

J3 


> 



01 

Ji 
"S 




1 

Q 
1— 1 


1— 1 


••3.2 

-<e4eo 


"c 
ft 


s 

t 
id 


"eg 


E-i 

m 

H 

ft 





s 

1 

_o 
a 

ft 

a 

c 
D 

y 

u 


X 

B 
3 


a a 

^- 
eo'^' 


u 




w 


00 > 

1 08 

to t>: 


8. Burns and Scalds 

9. Homicide 

10. Accidental Poisoning 


a 



pi 

•< 

C 

c 

(£ 

h- 

Ee 

ft 

c 

1— 


>- 
2 

1-5 


s 

c4 


i 



TJ 

a 
ft 

CO 


"5 


d 


m 



a 


■3 
<-> 


Eh 



Ixxiv. 



62 Victoria 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 





•SltJiOJ, 


.-1 


;:>; 




- 


rH I- 










IM rf< ■ lO 
O ;N 


05«0 rH 


oo 

JO 


iO'S'rHO •— (NIOON 
rH r-l rH . eO rH 


r-l 


N«0 


a 
o 

P. 


oaa § 


ec 






rH 






IN! -r-i r^ -eci 


■ rH T-* 


2 

OS 

s_ 

2 


•eOr-IN -r-l ■ 


rH rH 1 OS 1 • • 


•AON 


^ 
^ 




r-l 


"•<t 










' 1 
'- 1 


O CO 


r.rH . 


■ r-rH CO COrl 


'-' 




2 1 :^ 

to |rH^ 


•400 


CO 














rHO -rH 


rH y-* ■ 


-H • rH (N ; rH rH 






•Qdas §S 










r-1 




1 1-1 j rH -CO • *» 




• • 


rH •to O 




•^ 


. 12 


- 


:. 




(M 










INI • • t^ -N 


C=) 


rHN irfl 
•N 


to rf 


r-l ■ 




2 


>-l. 








rtrH 


1 CO 1 M ->0 -i-l 


COrH • 


Tjl •« 


rHCO 




S 1 


•aanp j* 


-■ 




l-H 


IMrH 


1 ift 1 fH -(M -e* 


: : 1 2 


•rH 

rH ■ .H 


rH -N 


r-l 










CNIN 


- 


•^ 1 r- ■^- • N 


-- 


• •In 


CO -co 




rH 


,os 






•IiJdV S3 








- 




•^ 1 v% ••<J< -co 


- 


l-H • rH Tl< ■ N 






|00 


j-l • 


•qoj'Bi\[ 


^ 
g 


C« 




- 


CO 


- ■ -< -CO 






•* 


• i-l 

rH (M ec 


rH ■ CO 




(M rH 1 00 1 




•qs^ 


1-H 








COIM 


|«. 


■<*< rH 




rH - 


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Ixxv. 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32) 



A. 1899 



lA » "r W 



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Ixxvi. 



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62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (Xo. 3*2). 



A 1899 




62 Victoria. 



S(3Ssional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 



•BIC^OJ, 5! 


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Ixxviii. 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 



eq - 


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CO 


CO "sfff^^D 


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i - 


oc 




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1 :::::::::: |-: 






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2 e8 (b- 
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s«d t-^c 

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■ '.2 
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: ts-S 
: s =s 

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£5.5 

ix. 


"3 
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5.; 




: «8 ; 

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. 0) . 

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• c • J 

Ms 

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.0 .— n cs 

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3«d t^aoai 


• CO 
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n: 

Ph'V 

Ph 
1— 1 


. . ^ . 

: c8 ro 

L ^ cs aj 

hCL 0^ 
H IMCO' •'T 


"3 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 





-1< 












^^''S 


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• 


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1 


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1. Pott's Disease 

2. Disease s of Bones and Joints 

3. Amputation (for unspecified Dis.) 


a 

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e 



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Jj'5 a 


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a 

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? 


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1. Poison 

2. Strangulation .,,,- 

3. (ras Poisoning 

4. Drowning 

5. Firearms 


4J 


03 
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5. Electric Cars 

6. Bicycles 

7. Railways 


9. Homicide 

Total 

vwr TtT r* T? ij>T XT x:' 1 \ n a rro l-c< 


5 

2 

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3. Other Ill-Defined Causes 

Total 


m 

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8 

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Ixxx. 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 



— 




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Smallpox 

Measles 

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Whooping Cough . . 
biphtberia and Crou 
Influenza 


5 


s 

a 

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I. OTHER GENER 

Pyemia and Septicec 

Malarial Fever 

Tuberculosis and Scr 

Syphilis 

Cancer 


Rhpuunatism and Go 

Diabetes 

Other General Disea 
Alcoholism, Acute a 


CD C 

J' 


Simple MeLingitis . 
Epid'ic Cerebro spin 
Congestion and Ht-m 
Softening of Brain. 
Pariilytjis without sp 
Insanity 


yjiiier ixervous une 

V. CIRCULATORY 

Pericarditis 

Endocarditis 








1 


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t-;!Meo-s<'joedt-o6o3 




rHINCO-*td?Ot>^06O3< 


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^ 









Ixxxi 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 







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CO • ; • 


00 

in 


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^ 1 


rH 




. . . .rH 


94 1 04- 


i-i • • 




tH 1 






iH ■ . • - 


-^ 1 




•■r-* -iH 




:^ 


CO 1 










•S- 
















: : : : 


: 1 




'.'.'.'. 


















J2 1 














i-^ : : 


-^ 1 








^ : 


""* 1 










1 


2' 
















; ; ; ; 


: 
: 






















— ; 


















: : : : 






: : i"-" 




: : 


rH 1 










2 1 




; 1 N 




■rH • • • • 


|co 1 










1 : 1 








: 1 : 


S" 








riN . : : : 


CO 1 




rH • • • 




: : 


'^ \ 










s 






1 ^ 


;eO ;•* ; 


S 1 




eOr-i • • 




•-I • 


S 1 












« 1 ^ : :=* 


Si :=^ -^ :^ : : 


^ 1---^- : . 


iOrH • 


OjrHCOrH N • • • ■ r-t 


00 j ; 




" 1 ^ 
t> 1 ^ 


. :»» 


•* 1 -co -O -1-1 • • 

I-l 1 


2 


• r-l iH • • .-1 I-l N i-( 


■^1 :°^ :::::: ■'"' 


TH 1 to 






?« 1 00 -i-ias •«* ; • 


»-ico N -ec • -eo rH 
I-l ■ • • 


S5 1 :'^ ::::::: . 


r-i 1 • 




'^ 1 : : : : 




: 1 :::::::::: 


: 1 :::::::::: 






•« 1 S 
^ 1 S 


. . . 


1 NO •Cfl -co • • 

:c 1 so I-l CO • «0 • • 
e5 1 • (M • 


§3 1-^" 
g 1 :■" 


rHrH \ \ \^ \ \ 


^1 '.'^ '.:'.'.:'.'. '. 


eo 1 rH 




. .»o 


eoeo -eo rH^coN 


eo 1 i-iTjtrH ;« ; : ; ;0« 


1 to 

rH 1 




« 1 : : : : 


: 1 :::::::: 


:| :::::::::: 


• 1 ::::::::.: 


: 1 : 




c 1 2 : :=^ 


CO ; IS" « i-( -co • • 


iH 1 NiON COi-llMCO-< 


"^ 1 :"* : ■ :::.** 


CO 1 CO 




^1 S : i*' 1 2 1 •''^ ::2 :=* : : 1 S5 i '^"«»*' : : :^=^^ 1 S 1 ^"^^ :^ : : : : : 


^ 1 : 




a 

s 
o 

Oi 

S 

3 


-61 

S3 

5i 
*^ ^ 
c- 

c3t 

1 I 
>:^ 

c 

a 
t> 

t. 

c 


. 0) B 

• no Ot) 
^^Sl 1 

<<o < 


X 

c 

c 
C 




c 

1 

s 

c 
c 

- 

c 
c 

k 

X 


c 
c 

i 

A. 


: : :£ • - :aH.-S :.2 S 
: : ■"' -5'^ :""^| :|l 

:^l^ Hig|«:-l:-^ 


:^ J 

^M 6-5 

i3 Hi 
« fi i 


• Ci! . 

• X • 

. « . 

• a • 


• • 1 
« • • S 60 

- -.2 c « 

^ ■::^ a 

^ • 00 oc **■" 

e • 0) 43 <*.! 

C • a) <«J 

. 2 * s ® 

.55 S-S g:S 
QSOOO 


• to : 
:w : 

• m . 
,-;<! : 

og : 

- s 

02-3 




co<^io;e i-5Ne<5 TjSiotD t4oo i-5 n » -^ "O «e t»^ 06 oi o ^^ 


eio: 


T»«»C 


to t^ 06 oi 



Ixxxii. 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 



i-lr-l (N -N 




: I : 



■* t»i-i 









=- 1, & 

©43 © 



ID 

c 



O 

o 






Ci W-^ M r^ pi 



83:1 

o - a 



•H 

Si 

H 

O 



e >. 






ij § " 



c.S 

_ 5F 

bo,- = 



o 



02 .2 



a 
_ - » 



02 

+3<( 

on rr f-^ 

-- !.2 •— • 



810 t^Q 



CO 



Oh 



.-. i. - o 



^^ ^H 

Ixxxiii. 



• 2 =:S 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 



•s['B?ox :? 


1-4 


• ln^9 05e^9 ■* 

TP CO 




o 


05 COOO • -4< Ol0«0 

W • •* r-l r-l 




lO 
CO 


QoV~ CO ■* w •«• ec « o; ic 

CO CO CC r- 






:eo 


c 


•o»a ? 


r-l- r^-(N-|'l<j -OOC^^iN 


CO 

x> 

rH 
3i 

"co 
CO 


r- CO r- C5 • rH ■ CO • 


a-. 1 .^ 


•AO^ 


03 
CO 


- ; .--« . : 1== 


M -O ;N -(N ;■ 
■ • ^ _ in rH rH rH - 


CO in CO • 


C.r. 


'■XI ~ 


•r^ 


•*J0 


c^ ■ ■ 


■ CO 
COM 


rl ■ j O 


•C^ • •>? rH cc — 


c. . 






"* : : 




;|0|rH rp -iCrtf-^rH • 


<N rH rH ■«• ■ TT rn 


CO CO 1 X 1 


IM -CO 


(M (M 


: 1^- 1 


rH OJ -in ■ ■ • • 


lO 

o 

r-t 
00 


■(M -i-i CS 


".:. 




CO • 1 00 




•^inf ^ 










1 : 
IS 




■t- CO ; _ 


CO CO 


■^ C^l 




: ^' 1 3 




•aunf ^ 


^N 


• - rH 


CO 






•rH ...J. rH (N 


• -rH CO -TC 




>-H 


1*1:: 


~^[ 


^«w s? 


• N 




t-1- 




rH -OS ■ "tl ■ -n ■ 1 •>- 


C^ 


CO -co 


■ 1-i 


1* 1 : : 


ijdv g? 






t-lCCt- ■ 


IS 1^ -^ ;■" ; .^- : 


'?5 


r-l CO 


■tr -o 


CO 


I'f 1 : : 




e<5 


(N • 






"cc 


CO • 
i-H • 


IS 
|-co- 


CO ri -^ CC 


M 1- 


CO ; 


rHCO 


CO rH CO • 


1 =^ 1 : : 


O 

CM 


t-H 








05 • 


^rH- .« 


'^ : 


• in 


^ 


CO 


coco 


IS 1 : : 


•na-Bf 






^eo CO 1 00 1 


•o •■<r r- 

■rH • 


: . |£ 


rH CO 


CO 


CO 




^ 12 1-^ 


be 


■AC 


n'^N c5 












: : 1 : 

to . 1 ?e 


1 




: : 1 : 
: : i=« 






-«-- 






1-" 1 . : 
1=: 1 : • 


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1^ 












1 


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CO 


t^rH 




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O 
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00 


00 |.H 


rHrH t- rH 


CO 


■ Ic^ 


r-\ • 


'<T 




;:: : 


• ^ l!S 1 :-- 


(M 












in ; 


lO 1 _ -OS 05 


•* 




■ 1 M 






00 • 


:<^ 1 £ 1 : : 


C-l 












■* • 


• 1 t-l -co ;10 




CO ■ 


CO 

rH 
CO 

CO 


■ CO 


tl rHCO CO 


:•" 12 1 : : 


■6fr-eJ' S 
















^^ : 






^—1 • r^ 




I '^ 1 : : 


i^I-Ol' ^ 


•-' : 










: 1-^ r ;'^2 :" ;'"^ : 


: -• 


^ 






1"^ 1 : : 


•6g-se 55 


^ : : 










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• 1-1 






"cq 




i-> 


1^ 1 : : 


_• 

■ 
■ 


[-g-Og S 


<N ; • 








W ; 1 ■* 1 N -OS ;rH 


;rHCfl ■ 


in 

rH 
C5 

CO 

rH 

in 

l-H 




'-' 








1*" 1 : : 


sr.-Qo 2 


OS ; • 






r-l 


N ■ 


CO 1 




•OCO ; 


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CO - 






« 1 : : 


ff.Oo 2 


C4 








;•"' : 


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r-t 


"ri 


: 


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■ 
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rnr. 






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CO ■ 1 CO 
















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so 


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a 


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~ 




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« 2 


^ : : 




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cc 




















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c 2 






r^r-l 


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• 


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- 






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CO 


l« 1 : : 


^- ::: 




- i-l 


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CO .-1 


^ 1 

2 1 


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"^ 




^ 1 : : 


- 2 

o 




• CO -CD ■<*'lO 


— ' 


• in - 






• 1 in 


COCS rH 
















S: 1 : : 


c 

o 
o 

o 


•g;svn ov' 


«o • ■ ■ • • CO 


S i-^^S :S5 


(M.-I(M~ 


00 

o 


•CO^rHNt^CO^rH^ | g | ; <N 


p3Ujej\[ °° 


^ . . . ^ CO • j in 1 •^ 


rH 00 -lO 
(M -i-H 

■ •^ • 


_in 

in 


:- :^- ■.Z'^ : -.^ \ ^ \ : : 


■9l3u}S t^ 


ao -occosNoo 1 in 1 i-H 


- :-^ : 


OOCCCO'^ -COrHrHOC -lOI ■ r^ 
CM • — ■ 1 CO 1 • 


> 
2 


■B^^ fJOiVJ ^ 


■ ::.::.:; 1 : | :..:;:-:: |- 


:::::::;:; i : j : : 


uaidJj^vf "^ 




r-^ rH • O IJ-J e^ 
•CO CO 


•- :^ IE 1 :^ 

p^ S5 .- 1 C- 1 " • CO 
rH 1 JC 1 • 


■BpBueo ^ 


Tf in CO 05 c«5 00 • 1 c<) |io(Noo •irt'^coco • lo 


t- -.O CO •* 10 CO ■* 
CO r-l r- 


'A 
a? 


ai'etutjj: 


« 




: 1 
13 1* 


;::;:::;! : 


:::::::•:.! ; | : : 


(N 


35 • CO (M X -* t^ • 

C^ T- ■ 


s<iin ■ o- 


in r^5£ 

in -^"c 


; 13 


COCO r^ 
in ■* r- 


00 ■ t^ so rH -.O r- 


- 


S 1 :-- 


•a[BJ,\[ ^ 


!0 CMrHCCCSt- ■ |00 | CO rH CO ^ 
f— t f-» • 1 rP I in CJ 


•• IS 
1-1 


■X CO t- rfi f-l CC Tt 

rH rH rH 


^ 1 :'^ 




(S 

cc 

of 

(E 
K 

■p 

.h 
<c 

a 




c 

a 

s 
"o 
O 

o 

a 

3 


m 

< 

t— 1 

w 
ca 
^? 

si 

l-i'" 


^ai 

5c4c 


■ a 


■ b 

I 
' b 




1 C 
C 


■ <v 

. ID 
. CS 

:S 
:2 
; u 

:'a 

• 0) 

IS 

! OJ 

:-c 
O 

'.00 


-rj 

W.I 

W a 

o^ 

Oil 

K « 

£1 
OS 

.ft. 
1— ( 
1— I 


2. Malarial Fever 

3. Tuberculosis and Scrofula 

• 4. Syphilis 


. c 

:'^ 

■'C 

• c 

: 1 

• I 

a 


1 


• a 

• a 

.(f 

■"a 

• s- 

• a 

: c 

c 

;. 
i a 

JC 


■ 6 
'.'5 

:£ 

•JS 

.O 

-g 
ce 

1 

< 

a" 

K 

■■3 

j= 
c 
y 

)04 


(E 
Eh 00 

ce 

(C 

a 

s 

c 


►J 


III. NERVOUS SYSTEM. 

1. Encephalitis ... 

2. Simple Meningitis 


c 

_ : 

"n 


'5 
X 
a 

< IC 


: < 

: a 
y: 

'I 

r 

"i 

Ca 

_•; 

s 

5c£ 


c 

* E 

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1 


•"3 

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•"IT = 
a £ 

O a 
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■<55C 


> 

> 

1 


Total ... 
IV. CIRCULATORY SYSTEM, 

1. Pericarditis 

2. Endocarditis 



Ixxxiv 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional l^apers (No. 82) 



A. 1899 



ION .-1 
to ■ i-H 


00 


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r-l 


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tNCOrriOtOt— 00O3© 

Ixxxv. 



2 > 



rHIMCOTTiOtOt-OOOSO 



s ;> 



r-l NCO •<»< 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 





I-H CO - CD 


• .-H 


r-{ 


m r~. (M CO 

(MiO CO 

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'»• eo - • ■ 


t~ 


W - -rHrH • W «0 r- 


J M O CO-- -1< 
CO CO r- rH .>9< 


2 




SI : : i : 






•* -!t< .O 


12 

12 


: : : : : 1 : 


rH~ ^ ~ ^ :~T 


— — - 


: 1-" 1 : 

■ 1 CO 1 eo 




18 
06 
S6 
ill 

R8 




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1 '"' 


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-o 


~co 


: ! ; i : 




00 1 iH • 1 I-H 


■ "• rH 


1 <N 


CO 


rH CO 1 C5 


: : ; 


CO 


f-l ■ ■ 




"^ :•" 


H 1 CO 1 CO 


;" 


|CC 

1 -^ 

1 

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^\ : : 1 ; 


to 


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: : : 


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ec 1 • • 1 • 






1 f-l 


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~ -r^ 


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■ 1 rH 1 -lO rH 


to 




eo 1 -I 






1 <N 00 rH 1 rH 


-~y 


-'.-'—.- 


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sea 1 at 


Ci 




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■ 1 eo 1 eo ei 


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55 ! : : 1 : 






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; ; 


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SET 




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est 




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CO 


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16& 




Number of Column. 

IX. THE SKIN. 

1, Erysipelas . 

2. Skin and Adnexa (Cancer excpt'o) 

X. LOCOMOTOR SYST'M. Total 


1. Poll's Disease 

2. Disea-es of Bones and Joints .... 

3. Amuutation (tor uubpecified Dis.) 




o 

H 

l-H 
Mr 


• i 
. < 

■J 

c- 

5 

HC 


3 

a 

3 

i 

^^ 

Q 
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a- 
9- 

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3 

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3 
1? 

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S J 

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: 
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3 a 


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3. Gas Poisoning 

4. Drowning 

5. Firearms 


1 

H 
Z 

H 
Q 
1— I 
C 

c 

<; 


1. Fractures and Dislocations 

2. Gunshot _ 

3. 1 ightning " 


&. , 
rt . 

o • 

.s? s 

o >.- 

a. y ■ 

S':C0 
lO to' t 


.73 

•1 ; 
ill 

-00 05 


10. Accidental Poisoning 

Total 

XIV. ILL-DEFINED CAUSES. 
1. Dropsy 


'• ( 

. C 

! 

• e 

■X 

• C 

. I 

.4 

:C 

O 

h 

HC 


• "5 

a 

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3 
) 

3 


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5 




m 

a 



Ixxxvi. 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No 32). 



A. 1899 



•S['B40X 




any 



•aanf 



ludy 
•qojeX'\[ 



Aojs>08 



• 69-09 
•6Q-0Q 



6t'-9t' 
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•»2-05 
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noL 

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8 R.G. 



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Q 3 



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a S 



■■go 

;*^ J^ 

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-.2 S 

■as 



"So 

^a ■'2 
H (c t. n 

.OiSfHcCOPHSOoJ HH W CO K o 33 P- 



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cflco 
P. 02 



= 2-0 SQj 



oc -^^ ^ V >~> '^ 
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P..2 



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■5h6o 



.-IIMC<5TMO«H>.00cy- 



r-llMC<5''J<lO!Ot~COC50 



O 
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D- _ 

OS'S 



Ixxxvii. 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1S99 





.-' OCi-i ■ lO 
If 1 ; 


•* 


ec lO N OS CO 1-1 T-i 


t- 
M 


iH 


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f 






; : .~ : 


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rH 




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04 




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CO 


CO ; 








CO 






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rH 




CO , (M ; ; 


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eii \ .... 






C^ 




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1*1 








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: : : : : : : : : 










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S 

D 

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u 
S 

12 


IV.— Continued. 

3. Organic Heart Diseases 

4. Angina Pectoris 

5. Arteries, Atherome, Aneurism, etc 

6. Other Dis. of Circulatory System 


a 

^- 
C 
E- 


h 

< 

P 

h 
P 

a 

& 
P 

K 


5 

-1 
-( 

t 

i « 

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c 
c 
c 

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a 

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c 

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! . & 
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■•- 

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. a 

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b 
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1 


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-1 c 

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c 

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a 
h 
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c 

a 

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hH C 

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6. Hernia and Intestinal obstructions 

7. Other Diseases of the Intestines. 
8 Dis'e ises of the Liver 


'5 
a 

a 

es 

^ 00 

i 

O 

hH 

© 

rH 


^> 

H 

Q 

h- 

h- 
C 

1- 
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4. Vesical Calculi 

6. Diseases of the Bladder 

6. Dis. of the male Genital Organn. . 

7 \T«*-.Arif-.is . 


1 

c 
'S 

or 

a: 
r 
a 

a 

s- 
a 

C 
• oc 


a> DC 

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OC 
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: 


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3 : 

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3 : 

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fi 
SI- 

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i^ 

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02 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. '32). 



A. 1899 



r-)t~T-t!X> t- 






.-Hi-I 1-I.H I ■>* 



th t-i-i -r 



eC t-lH 05 



M d 



o o - - - 

cs r o 

3 OJ CO 

SP-i '^ 
< 



o;5 



>< ^ 



o 






.2'S 

'Sec 



H OQ 

cd a 

DO 3 






< 

l-l 






o Seq^ 
O «^-2 

O « g 3 

o^.2 a 



Ehz 

o 

l-H 

H 

O 

f^ .. 
hJaa 

s:5 



S3 a 

"^ I— c 



(c 5 cs 

Q.I g 

fl-C a 

O "J m 



"43 a , 

. — fc a ' 



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•♦J 
O 
E^ 

cc 
H 

P 

M 

D 
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6c tcU 









^4 c -".S o 

<c u 2 — 






S-3 



M' 



Ixxxix. 



o 
z 

l-H 

O 

J [»»£'-' 

J 5 o fc- 
M o Cx: 

I— I . . - 



62 Victoria 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 





■nnoj, -^ 


CO i-H • CO Oi OS • 


o 


tojow 1 


OS rHlO 5<1 : 

rH 


S 


N eq N r- rH -H i,HOJrH JD 
rH e^ ■ ) «o 








m 
■u 

a 
o 


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•^i T-H • 


. 1 CO ( ■ .to • 


IH 






!*- 


" 




; ;eO ; 


: : 1^ 


: 






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05 1 

CO 1 






— 


N 1 rH -N 


(N 






|0 




-- 


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rH . |t. 








00 1 lO • ■ 
CO 1 




t- 1 tH rH fH 




rH 




1^ 


• 


t-^ ■ T-H 


rH _ ICO 








•!)des ^1 : : . 




tH • 


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iH r-l 1-1 




,« 






CO • ?5 • • 


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s 


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3nv Sg 1 -- : 




N 


; 1 CO 1 "(M "»> 


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1^ 






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Sessional I'apers (No. 32). 



A. 1889 



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62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 





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62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 




XClll. 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32) 



A. 1899 



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62 Victoria 



Sessional Papers (No. 32 ). 



A. 18S9 







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S X' 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 



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62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32/. 



A. 1899 



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62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (JMo. 82 



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1. Pott's Disease 

2. Diseases of Bones and Joints 

3. Amputation (for unspecified Dis.). 




in 


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1. Poison 

3. (ras Poisoning 

4. Drowning 

: 5. Firearms 


XIII. ACCIDENTS. Total 

1. Fractures and Dislocations 

2. Gunnhot 


4. Drowning 

6. Bicycles 

7. Railways 

8. Burns and Scalds 

10. Accidental Poisoniner 






^ ; 

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XCVIll. 



»62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No, 32). 



A. 189 9 



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XCIX. 



Victoria. 



Sessional l^apers (No. 32), 



A. 1899 





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CO 1^ 


















rH 








2 1 : 














1-1 










rH 1 












CM 


rH • 


eo 1 




























"B 


^ 1 : 














CM 


-- 










CM 1 


*-• 








iH 


CO •_ 


o 1 






















- 


— 




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-- 


- 


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: 






























: 1 


























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CO 1 




























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1 CO 








CO 


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ta 


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IH 




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: 






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1 t- -OS 1 CO 
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t~ 1 iH CM ■eoeorHjn -eorn 


Ci 1 rH CM 


:'-' 










■* 








CO !>• 


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i-liO ;0O -i-lN 




i^ 1 : : : i-^ : :-<^ : 


•* 1 N r- 


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■* 








t- 1 ^ 


•^ |00 


rH i-i -O -CO • 
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CO 1 • • 
















«, 1 . 






: 




a- 






: 1 :::::::::: 




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« 




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1-1 cc 


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CM CM -X! -lO 1-1 




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S 1"^-^ : :- 












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1 CM 1 r-l 


1 eq 1 rH CO CO lO eo rH lO rH Tjt rH 


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CO 1 










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62 Victoria 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 













- : 


rH 


o 

CM 


00 CD t~ 


— ; M rH ' . ." 

^ i ; ■ ; 


•>»< 


CO • "<0 -rH -eo • 


00 


e<»,HrH 


»o 


O) 

c 


~ 






: 








"rH 


rH j to 




.■ -. ■. ,- . 


-"::::.::;: 




: : : 


t-H 


Z9. 




-^-:- -: 






















rH ■ -C^ ; ■ 


: ; : : 


«,£ 
















1 '"' 












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--f- 


1 i-( C<) i-l "T 


|00 


;-' 




rH 


rH 






: : : : 


: 




: : 




-:-:-'-: 












1^ 


CM 




C4 






: : : : 


^ 




: : 
; 


— : 


2C 








-: 






T-* 


1 I^-^*^ l=" 








(M . -eo • • 


: . : : 


o 


-■ 


()» 




-:-:-!-: 






1 I-40 


00 1 •<*< 

1 rH 








• • ■ r-< -rH - • - • 


<M 


-: 




S» ; 










- 


-:- 


— r 


1 *"" ■ 


lO 1 ?o 












:-^ ; : 


'-' 




ei- , 








- — 


-: 


1 ^M ."-IS 








rH - • • 




. : : : 


cm" 


- 




I-H 


I-H 


8.r 






rH 




I-H 


cq ; ■ • 






t5 i 




^■H~^ 














1 t-CO 


1 rH 












i*^ : 


r-l 






— 


r." 


I 






. 










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1 ■* 








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cr. 




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£8 


















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1 e^ (M 


1 ec 

1 »o 










• • 








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1 • • ■ e<i 1 iM 

1 • - -(M 1 IN 


;*" 




j l-H jiM ■ • CM rH • . . . 


1 "* 


1 CM~ 


■ rH 


1^ 


09I 


— 




-~ 


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i- 


•l-H • 




_l • • • CC 1 CO 
"l O 00 CO TP 1 00 
1 C^l CM 1 to 




1 °^ 


CO ^ . . 


1 "^ 






1 '"' 




" . . . . 


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i.ei 










. . CM • • 


1 rH 


r.iK 




:-:^-l-: 












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cc~ 


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r-* 








-j — : 


091 

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1 - TP 1 ■* 
1 • ■ . .^ 1 TP 

1 O COCO IM 1 «D 
1 M CM r-j 1 eo 


^ . . . 


CM ■ • rH . 

5C ■ -lO -^ 




1 '^ 


1 CM rH 


fco 








1 : 1 


;■"' ; 


1 '"' 




] Ci 


< CO ■ • 


\ia 


1 r-t rH 


"TCM 








1 ' ' 








: : : : 1 : 






- 




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■j — ; 










1 : 1 


•" •■ 


'^ 


1 * 


)-<*<r- 
T-H 


■I05 1 N 
CM 1 lO 

5 00 1 C5 


CO • • • 


1 CO 


; ; ; ; ; ;CM ■ - 


1 CO 


1 ^ : : 


"P 


%zz 




: : : i ; 


1 : i . : . 1 : 


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\IZ 


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c 

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3. Other ace. of Preg , sudden death 

4. Puerperal Disease of the Breast. . 

IX. THE SKIN. Total 


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3. Gas Poisoning 

* 4. Drowning 

5. Firearms 


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62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 





•ai'B^ox ^ 


>o • 


(N • 1-1 O 00 CO 




!0 • CC • ICl CO -*> lO • 
; « ; CO 


1 


t^iJ-^SOiJ-b-NM-^iO 


s 






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a 
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1-1 


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IM • TJ< -r-l ■ 


: : 




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^ : 


. : 1"= 


: : 




•loo 




(M 


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1 '^ 


■ -o •Tf • 




rH -C^ 


N • 




: 1 "O 


: : 




•drff,' 


^ 










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■ ■ 1-- -C^ •!-! 




o 




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(M • 




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'- 






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•^inf g| 


















i-l lO -iH 
1-1 -1-1 -CO 




: : 


t» 


^ -a 


COrH 




1-1 1 OS 




"3 




s 






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1-1 


1 ^ 




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lO 

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CO 

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IM • -(M ; 1 lO 




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o 


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rH 1-1 rH 


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1 


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.: 


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•(MrHrH • 




rH 


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1 '"' 


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1-1 




■ IM 










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to 






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: 








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CO ..-H . •«< 1-1 r-ICO • 
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■* CO rH IM CO 00 IM rH •* CJ |0 




•ai^JM ^ 1 "^^ 


r-i -rt 0000 (M 


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cu. 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 



OOt^— ICOSOiTQIMt-I 



I Cfl lO QO CO O 



lO (N (M 






• 1—1 1— I ' e4 I lo 






: I 



1-1 tH Cfl <M 



IM I -I- 



r-. ■ 1-1 I US I rt 



(?« I CO I 1-1 1-1 



IM MiH O 



• I : 



I : I 



IS I 



r-( —( 1-1 I ec 



O I t- I i-l Cd 



1^ t 



" 1,^ I 



rl-l.^ I 00 



: I-" I 



1^ I 






•<f I 1-H 



I i-l 



1-1 • I OS 



IS 



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ciii. 



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Sol 



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.33-33 
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I— 1 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32 ; 



A. 1S99 





i-i 






rH ■ • 


" 




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in 


r-i 




IM rl 


Vi 


1« 




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CO 


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■ 




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r- 


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^ 








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CIV. 



62 Victoria 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 1899 





•8[Blox ^ 


CO 


1 ] -(Mt-t^ 


CI 


<M • lO ■CO •' 1-1 




rH 


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1^ 






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; ; . 1 -^ 1 :^ 


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CO , 

CO • 








1 : 


,- 


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CV. 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 189 9 





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« 1 : 




"t-l 


1 : 1 :::::: 




1 : 1 




: : : : : 1 : i : : : : : 














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1 •* 1 • • -T-l iH^ 




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i-i-eOi-( l^'^l '" 


1-1 


■T-l 








1 CO 1 C4 




Tt< 


lO 




tH I t- 


« NCO O^ I-H 






c» 




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r-l • 




■M 


N ^ 














eo 


IN 




eo 1 : 




: 1 ; 1 :::::: 




1 • 1 




:::::! ; | : : : . : 














« 1 «e 




N 1 05 1 e<5 i-H IM eo rH IM 




IS 1 


1-1 CO CO 


. .^^ . jC, 1^^^ . . 










1 eo 1 •"»• 




tH 


N 




1 


0* 


eoi-1 r-ieo — 








05 




C<«0 -i-li-l r-teO -r-l 


1-1 


i-liH • -rH 












eo 






d 

a 

D 

*© 

S 


si 


Is 

.it . 

§1 


< 


a 






> 


nc 

b 




s 

■s 

02 - 

>. i 

03 




1. (cancer excpt'd) 
Cholera Infan'm 
tis (not infantile) 


;inal obstructions 
the Intestines . . 

iver 

uerperal) 

appendicitis 

Total 

NARYSYSTM 


a . 
X • 

(D . 

a • 
-o • 
O : 

^ -"^ 
a : ^ 


a 

c 

t 

c 

1 

} 


) 


I— 
a 


Ovariap Tumors 
Genital Organs. 

Total 

VL DISEASES, 
jaemia 




IV.-Cout 
rganic Heart D 
ogina Pectoris 
rteries, Atheroc 
bher Dis. of Cir 

V. RESPIR 
cute Bronchitis 
ironic Bronchit 
roncho-pneumo 


°T3 o M a: 
9 S » =^:£ 


bherDis. of Ston 
fan. Diarr. and 
iarrh'a & Enter 


ernia and Intes 
ther Diseases of 
iseases of the L 
eritonitis (not p 
iac abscess and 

GENITO-URI 

cute Nephritis 
right's Disease 
ther Dis. of Kic 
esical Calculi . . 
iseases of the B 
is. of the male < 


ther Diseases o 
varian Cysts & 
kher Dis. of fem 

PUERPER^ 

uerperal Septic 






c<ie<: 


OP 


WoQPhS ^<:JpQO>aHgOOo S^" 
50t>^o6o50 ^rHe<ieois"id«st>Ioda>o ^r-i 



CVl. 



62 Victoria, 



Sessional Papers (No. 32) 
< 



A. 1899 






C5 IM <M rH 



N t-t-l IM 



(N • • CO 



eo r^ N (N 



S «> 2 
o a '" 

T3 
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a E35 

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I-> D b 
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3« 3 

P-iOfL( 






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a 









a e 

ca a 
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E-".q 



25 a 



o -.: 



i-joJoOtn 






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f fl 5fa^ 9 2 



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o 

■ t>0 bo . to ^ 

.9 9 o P >>S 

J3 r H r5 > 00 



Ph 



TO 

;a 



O 



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cvii. 



2 3 



a a'C'^ S S " ® 



-1 >» SS*"* 

S 2 o 8-. 
I— ( ;:i, g <D 

• 2 s'S 
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>i. 



4C4 CO 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 82). 



A. 1899 





•F;"i 


T 


•^ 


5 -* ^ (M X . 1 X 

: 1 -^ 

. 1 


■ (M t>. • X • .-1 - 




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a 
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SI : : : 










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CJ ■ ... 
05 1 ... 












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I ■ f-) ■ 




■ 


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1 -^ : : 








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— ~ 




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to 
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CO 


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3 




CO 1 • • 


•Xin£. 
aurj;' 












CO • 




■ . 1 "3 


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1 








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-^ : 






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CO 




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CO ; 




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'^ i : : 


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U 


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: : .'^ : : : 


— 




IM 1 ; ; 


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CO 


1 


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N 1 • 




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f - 


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f 


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=^1 : : : . 


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: 1 : 1 


:::::::: :| . i .::::::: 


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: 1^ 1 




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i 


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In) 1 . . 


General Diseases. 


a 

S 

O 

"c 

s 
s 

a 


02 • 

H : 

32 • 

<d : 

w : 

rn . 

a • 

(J • 
M : 

o > 

25 El, 

P.? 

Si 

8^^ 


. > 
O K 

G ® CS 


.a 
be 
a 
c 
O 

tc 

a 

a 
o 

c 


o 

a 
.2 


a 

a 
t— 1 


other Epidemic Diseases 

Total ... 
I. OTHER GENERAL DIS'S. ' 

Pyafmia and Septicaemia 

Malarial Fever 

Tuberculosis and Scrofula 




o 

o . 

a . 

S : 

ll 
II 


i 

5 
1 

a 
s; 

<E 


'a 
£ ^ 

6 1 

C3 
<V 

S 

o 

< 

1 

3 

o 


Si 
® 

S 

o 
o 

J 


III. NERVOUS SYSTEM. 

Encephalitis 

Simple Meningitis 

Congestion and Hem'age of Brain 

Softening ot the Brain 

Paralysis without specified cause. 

Insanity 

Epilepsy 

Convulsions (not puerperal) 

Other Nervous Diseases 


Total 

IV. CIRCULATORY SYSTEM. 

1 . Paricarditis 

2. Endocarditis 


. rH C^ W r-. ic U; (>1 X •"* ^ C^I ?: t1<' O iT t-^ OC r". 


^ C^ CO ^ 


o vr t- X 


3iO 



CVlll. 



62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No 32). 



A. 1H99 



-r •* rj cc ■-< t-^ r 



— ^ :^ -r I ■£ 



— r* ■ , (M 



.-< — •^ ■ T-l 



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IN Ca Tl 00 • C<5 1-1 



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0««5<!0 



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a js o M -tj 






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3" 



Ph s 






a) a; x: iJ 



cix. 



.^!N^;Tfoi2t>-3C3;o 



s > 



— e<> ec -^ 



62 Victoria 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



A. 188^ 





■"J" 


















us F-l • rH 




>0 u 


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ex. 



62 Victoria 



Sessional Papers (JMo, S2). 



iL 18b9 





•sF^ox :;J 


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Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



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62 Victoria. 



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62 Victoria. 



Sessional Papers (No. 32). 



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