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Full text of "AER Journal (Vol. 6, No. 7, March 1947)"

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MARCH, 1947 
TRACY F. TYLER, Editor 






i' 




JOURNAL 

I PHIt 


1 


VIRGINIA S. TYLER, Assistant to the Editor 


VOLUME 6, NUMBER 7 
GEORGE JENNINGS, Business Manager 


Is This Cooperation, Mr. Broadcaster? 


C ALIFORNIA IS ONE OF THE STATES attempting to fol¬ 
low the leadership of the United States Office of Edu¬ 
cation and the Federal Communications Commission 
by planning for a publicly-controlled, educational FM net¬ 
work. Reports indicate that the University of California is 
seeking a legislative appropriation of $1,750,000 for this 
worthy purpose. It goes without saying that all persons who 
are sincerely interested in assisting radio to render maxi¬ 
mum service to education will wish the progressive state of 
California well' in this effort. 

California hay an excellent reputation educationally. It 
has • a- -clistfnguished university—the largest in the world. 
A substantial per-capita sum is provided from state funds 
for the education of every student who attends the public 
schools. Fine school plants, the envy of many other states, 
have been provided. Standards for admission to the teach¬ 
ing profession are high. Teachers’ salaries are very substan¬ 
tially above the average for the nation as a whole. Personnel 
in the state’s teaching and administrative posts meet rigorous 
standards. Many important advances in educational practice 
have originated in California. No state is better qualified 
to embark on new educational endeavors. 

It is hard to believe that any member of the commercial 
radio industry would have any other feelings than those of 
gratitude to find educators showing such a deep interest in 
radio and its non-commercial, educational, and public serv¬ 
ice possibilities. Especially should they welcome the en¬ 
trance into the radio field of the public educational authori¬ 
ties. Yet Broadcasting, February 3 [page 61], reports that 
Northern and Southern California Broadcasters Associations 
are opposing the entrance of California into FM. The reason 
for this reported opposition, according to Broadcasting, is 
because broadcasters are “conscious of this threat to free¬ 
dom of expression as well as implied competition.” 

This writer must have been fortunate in his associa¬ 
tions with members of the commercial broadcasting frater¬ 
nity. Practically all of those with whom he is acquainted 
would encourage, rather than impede, educational FM plans. 
Surely commercial broadcasting in California is not in such 
a precarious position as to cause any of its members to fear 
networks operated by the public educational authorities. 
[Can it be-that education is a threat to business? When have 
educators been convicted of suppressing free speech?] Yet 
such opposition can lead only to the conclusion that Califor¬ 
nia broadcasters are suffering from fear—have developed 
feelings of insecurity, of inadequacy. 

Perhaps the attitude of the Northern and Southern Cali¬ 
fornia Broadcasters Associations has been incorrectly re¬ 
ported. In that case a public denial is in order, and Broad¬ 


casting should provide prominent space in an effort to undo 
the irrevocable damage which an incorrect report of this 
nature might do. 

In any event, it is to be hoped that the officers of the 
National Association of Broadcasters will take cognizance 
of this unfortunate move on the part of the California radio 
industry. An NAB investigation should result in an official 
statement immediately in full support of California’s pro¬ 
posed state educational FM project. Only in that way can 
the NAB convince American educators of commercial 
radio’s sincerity in its professions of friendliness. 

An official investigation by the Federal Communications 
Commission also seems to be indicated. The Commission has 
labored diligently to bring about the establishment of edu¬ 
cational FM networks by the public educational authorities 
in each of the forty-eight states. It has set aside twenty 
channels for this use at the request of Dr. John W. Stude- 
baker, United States Commissioner of Education. AlthpugJjj 
the educational FM channels, which it is believed are 
cient to accommodate as many as seven or eight hundred 
stations, have not, even yet, been applied for in large num¬ 
bers, the Commission realizes the almost staggering prob-*-? 
lems which the educators are facing today. It is aware that 
schools generally need more time to complete their plans 
and arrange for financing than do commercial applicants. 
But the Commission could have had no prior intimation that 
commercial broadcasters would fight the educators on the 
whole educational FM proposal. In fact the very opposite 
is the case. 

The Federal Communications Commission is a trustee of 
the public interest insofar as broadcasting channels are 
concerned. It has been protecting these twenty FM channels 
because it believes that it is in the “public interest, con¬ 
venience, and necessity” for the educational authorities in 
each of the states to have adequate radio facilities under 
their control through which accepted educational objec¬ 
tives may be advanced. 

Is there an ulterior motive behind this commercial op¬ 
position? Could it be the hope that if states are prevented 
from establishing educational FM stations, the twenty chan¬ 
nels would be thrown open to commercial exploitation? 
Perhaps an FCC investigation might bring to light some 
interesting data. It is conceivable that, if the facts war¬ 
ranted, a public statement of the findings might be released 
widely for public consumption. The least that could be done 
by the FCC would be to issue an official statement deploring 
the irresponsible attitudes which the article in Broadcasting 
reports, and to make sure that this statement received wide 
publicity.— Tracy F. Tyler, Editor. 


VOLUME 6, NUMBER 7; MARCH, 1947 


[101] 





The President's Page 


An Open Letter to AER Members 

9345 Lawton Avenue 

Detroit 6, Michigan 
March 1,1947 

Dear Fellow Member : 

This month several important mat¬ 
ters relating to the welfare of the As¬ 
sociation for Education by Radio will 
need your careful attention. These are: 

Constitution 

In accordance with the procedures 
agreed upon at our Chicago meeting 
in October, the AER Constitution 
Committee, headed by Dr. Belmont 
Farley, has redrafted the proposed 
Constitution for our organization. All 
written suggestions received from 
members as well as those made at the 
Chicago meeting were considered in de¬ 
tail by this committee. The copies of 
the new draft were sent to the Execu¬ 
tive Committee for review, and were 
returned to the AER Constitution 
Committee by February 10. You will 
receive a copy of this revised Constitu¬ 
tion with the April issue of the Jour¬ 
nal. 

The Constitution will be thorough¬ 
ly reviewed at the general meeting of 
AER members in Columbus May 2. If 
you cannot attend the meeting, will 
you make certain that your comments 
reach me by April 20, so that due con¬ 
sideration may be given to each sug¬ 
gestion. No formal action will be taken 
at the meeting in Columbus, but as soon 
as possible after that meeting, a final 
revision will be forwarded to you and 
a vote on its adoption taken by mail. 
This careful consideration of the Con¬ 
stitution should insure a document 
that will definitely meet our objectives 
and provide for a well working or¬ 
ganization. 

Elections 

Dr. Franklin Dunham, chief of 
radio, U. S. Office of Education, has 
agreed to act as chairman of the Elec¬ 
tion Committee this year. You will be 
asked to vote for the following nation¬ 
al officers: President, Vice Presidents, 
Secretary, and Treasurer, and for the 


regional presidents in the Southwestern 
Pacific and Southeastern areas. 

The following schedule regarding 
elections has been approved: 

Nominating ballot mailed out from 
the National Office at Chicago, 
February 10. 

Nominating ballot to be returned to 
Election Committee, Washington, 
D. C., postmarked not later than 
March 1. 

Candidates notified of their nomina¬ 
tion. 

Final ballot mailed to members, 
March 22. 

Ballots returned to Washington, 
D. C., postmarked not later than 
April 5. 

I am sure we all realize the import¬ 
ance of this election and I trust that 
you will meet the deadlines listed above, 
so that your choice for officers may be 
counted. 

Canada-United States 
Transcription Series 

Several of the contributing groups 
for this series have asked for an ex¬ 
tension of time in order to insure a 
better production. Therefore, the dead¬ 
line for all scripts in this series has 
been extended to March 15. 

Word comes that the St. Louis 
group made a gala affair of the record¬ 
ing of their contribution to this series. 
Under the leadership of Dorothy 
Blackwell, the script was recorded be¬ 
fore an audience of teachers in the 
Playhouse of Station KMOX, Febru¬ 
ary 27. The meeting was in conjunc¬ 
tion with their State Conference. 

If any of you who have not been 
contacted would like to contribute to 
this series, will you please so notify 
us so that details may be worked out. 

Seminar for AER Members 

It is proposed that a seminar for 
AER members be held at the Univer¬ 
sity of Wisconsin July 28 to August 6. 
Sufficient time will be given for a close 
examination of publicity materials, 
individual programs, and policies set 
up in each community. 


Since the number to be accommo¬ 
dated must in some measure be re¬ 
stricted, will you notify Harold B. 
McCarty immediately if you are in¬ 
terested. Expenses will be at a mini¬ 
mum and you may rest assured that 
the finest authorities in the country 
will be on hand for consultations. 

Summer Institutes 

When you are planning your sum¬ 
mer institute, will you set aside an AER 
DAY and send us the proposed date 
as soon as possible? It is hoped that 
representatives from the AER may be 
able to visit you at that time. 

Utilization Procedures 

We agreed at our AER meeting last 
October that Utilization Procedures 
should be sent to the Chicago School 
Broadcast Conference by June 1. Let 
us have a wide representation of en¬ 
tries this year. This is one way in 
which we can share our ideas. 

Institute for Education by Radio, 
Columbus, Ohio 

The following dates have been fixed 
for the AER meetings in conjunction 
with the Columbus Institute: 

May 1—Executive Meeting [Open 
M eeting] —7:00-10:00 p .m. 

May 2—Business Meeting [All 
Members]—10:00-12 :00 a.m. 

May 3—AER Luncheon—12:00 
noon. 

Details of these meetings will be 
given you in the April issue of the 
AER Journal, but may I suggest that 
you jot these dates on your calendar 
now. It is time also to encourage other 
members of your administration and 
friends of radio in your area to join us 
at this meeting. We should have repre¬ 
sentatives from every section of the 
country. 

I trust that you will take time to 
weigh carefully the matters listed above 
and make a special effort to send me 
your reactions. 

Sincerely, 

Kathleen N. Lardie 


[102] 


THE JOURNAL OF THE AER 






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