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BOSTON COLLEGE Li'^.RAR'ES 
CHESTNUT HILL. h/iA G2i67 



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INDEX. 



Act of Edward III. revived by the Government in Ireland, 202 
„ Crimes, Divisions on, 18S7, 249 
,, of Union Repudiated, 327 
Agitators Absent, Rent-payers Present, 433 
Albert Hall Meeting, Points from, 135 
Aliens, 2 1 1 

A Logical Suggestion, 345 
American Constitution, iMr. Morley and, 313 

„ Appeal by Mr. Gladstone, 372 
Amnesty, Mr. P. Mahony and Mr. John Redmond, M.P , on, 14 
,, One of its promoters. Father M'Fadden, 24 

,, The amendment to the address, Mr. Dillon and Mr. 

Redmond, 27 
,, Release of Egan, 28 
„ Release of Callan, 34 
,, Association, Egan at, " Let me be innocent or 

guilty," 35 
,, Resolution passed in Meath, 44 
,, Mr. Asquith in Commons on, 52 
,, Foley Released, 98 

,, Mr. Morley and, 199 

,, and the American Paymasters, 201 
,, Resolution, " England's Difficulty," 209 

,, Anti, from the "Irish Catholic," 265 

and the Government, Mr. Field, M.P., on, 303 
,, and Mr. Morley, 305 
,, Mr. J. Redmond and, 355 
,, Waterford Board of Guardians and, 374 
,, Mr, John Morley and, 409 
,, Mr. Asquith's " Never," 424 

An Ivy Leaf and its Consequences, 367 
Another Patriot Gone, 345 

Anti-English Speeches, etc. (T. Harrington), 18 
,, ,, " Irish Catholic," 76 

„ „ Patrick Ford on Wesleyans, 80 

,, ,, Bishop of Limerick on, 94 

,> ,, "To h — 1 with Queen Victoria," 107 

,t II "England's Difficulty," 209 

,, „ Mr. W. Redmond, 296 

I. „ Nationalists and Britain's Pirate 

Flag, 403 
II II The Manchester Martyrs, 412 

Anti-Parnellites' Fictions, 47 

,, will crush their opponents, 47 

„ sending the Hat round, 57 

,, Convention, 84 

,, Jealousy in Dublin, 132 

,, Unmannerly, in Parliament, 186 

., Humble Submission to, 203 

,, " Independent" on, 206 

Quarrels, 21S, 353, 375 
„ Squabbles over the Paris Funds, 237 

I, on the Veto, 355 

Apotheosis of Humbug, 18S 
Archbishop of Dublin on Home Rule, 137, 94 
Archdeacon, An, Denounced, 129 
Army, The, and the Primrose League, 19 

,, and the Church, 150 
Arnold Forster, M.P., H. O., Questions to Mr. Morley, 99 

II I, Mr. Morley's reply tO| re Belfast 

Riots, 141 
1. ,, Mr. Morley's reply to, n Out- 

rages, 163 '^^^ ' 

.. II Mr. Morley's reply to, re Mr. 

Blood, 163 
Arson, alleged, in Killarney, 123 
Ashbourne Act, How it works, 122 
Asquith, Mr., M.P., on Amnesty, 52 

,, Parnellite reply to, 52 

II on the Belfast Disturbances, 131 

„ Taken to Task, 303 

ti and Dr. Gallagher, 305 

II and Fetherstone, 345 

I " Freeman " on, 424 

Right Hon. John, 404 
-ds and Mr. Morley, 40 



Backward, A Glance, 296 

Balance Sheet and Criticism.?, Evicted Tenants, 380 

Balfour t). Morley: a Contrast, 41. 297 

,, on the 4th Clause in Committee, 227 
,, What we want is, 281 
,, Donegal Priest's Tribute to, 297 
Bankrupt in Three Years under Home Rule, 70 
Bankruptcy of Mr. Michael Davitt, 371 
Barracks, Dublin, Precautions at, 426 
Barry, Mr, M.P., Resignation of, 347, 374 

,, Mistakes in Reporting, 353 

,, Mr. W. M. Murphy refuses the Seat, 392 

Behan, Father, in the Daj's to Come, 47 
Belfast, Personation in, 193 
,, Threatened, 176, 199 
„ The, Disturbances, 131, 141 
,, Commercial Deputation and the G.O.M., 122 
Blake, Mr. E., M.P., on the Irish keeping the Government in, 65 
Blane, Mr. Alex., ex-M.P., on the Explosion, I 
Blood, Mr. W. B., again fired at, 153 

,, The third attempt to murder, 163 

Bodyke Estate, The, 213, 295 

Bourke, Mr. J., Secretary of Evicted Tenants' Committee, 363 
Boycotting, The Ballymote case, 274, 353, 435 
,, Notices in County Clare, 203 

John Burke, 2S3 
,, Letter Advocating, 298 

,, Daring Outrage, 338 

„ A Priest on, 358 

,, near Ballymote, Dreadful case of, 370 

,, a Creamery in Kerry, 31 

„ a School in Kerry, 31, 48, 58 

,, in Cavan, 36 

,, in Tipperary, 90 

,, to put do%vn Grabbing, 104 

,, and Threats, 112 

,, renewed under Morley, 115 

,, a School Teacher, 121 

,, in Kerry, 162 

,, School Children, 163 

„ in Cork, 163 

,, The Duty of the National League, 164 

„ Mr. J. Dillon and, 190 

Boycotter Imprisoned under Act of Edward III., 202 
Boycotters sent to Prison, 191 
,, as Magistrates, 203 

Bridge Sawn Through, 314, 33S 

British Interests and Home Rule (Marquis Waterford), 372 
Brunner, Mr., M.P., Contribution to Nationalism, 58 
Brutal Assault at Tulla, 163 
Bryce, Mr., reply to Mr. Sexton, 420 
Bundoran, Religious Intolerance at, 275 
Burke on Separation, 7 



Callan, the Dynamiter, Release of, Account of, 34 
Campaign, Plan of, 281 

„ ,, Judge Monroe on, 284 

II .1 Revived, 83, 157 

II II at Bodyke, 295 

II ,1 Tenants, 337 

,, „ The new Agrarian, 366 

Campaigners in DifiSculties, 281 
Campbell, Mr. H., ex-M.P., Private .Sec. Parnell, appointed as 

Town Clerk, Dublin, 200 
Canada and Ulster, Sympathy confirmed by Parliament, 98 
„ Clerical Rule in, 152, 232 
„ Canadian Home Rule, 184 
Cardiff 1887. and Castlerea 1893, 403 
Cardinal Cullen against Home Rule, 96 

,, and Home Rule, from the "Tablet," 127 

Cardinal Logue and Catholic Unionists, 92, 128 
Carson, Mr. E., Q.C., M.P., Letter on Nationalists and the 
Dynamite Outrage, 15 
„ on Mr. Morley and Jury Packing, 

444 



INDEX. 



Castlerea, Intimidation in, 174 , 
Catholics as Unionists, Archbishop Logue on, 92, 128 
Roman Objection to, 94 
Cardinal against Home Rule, 96, 127 
denouncing the Priests' Actions, 113 
in Protestant Colleges (Cardinal Logue on), 12 j 
Mr. Gladstone's distrust of, 154 
Catholic Disabilities. Mis-statements about, 31 1 
Cavan, Malicious Burning in, 266 
Census, Miss Gonne's, 12 
Chamberlain, Mr., at the Guildhall Meeting, 164 

„ and Mr. Dillon on Mitchelstown, 237 

„ on the Bill, 323 

"Chronicle, Daily," on Rushing the Bill, 316 
Churchill, Lord Randolph, on Cardinal Logue, i<,c) 

I, i. on the 4th Clause, 22S 

Civil Bill Decrees and Police Protection, 51 

,t and Night Seizures, 76 

Civil Servants and Home Rule, 280 
Clanricarde Estate, Tenant Right on, 38^ 
,, ,, Rent Paying on, 433 

Clare, Agrarian Outrage, Mr. Weldon C. Molony, 191, 214,434 
Moonlighting in, 192 
,, Intimidation in, 203 
,, Judge Kelly on Clare Jurors, 203 
„ A Magistrate on the state of, 204 
,, Another Outrage in, 214 
„ State of. Judge Gibson on, 238 
,, Grand Jury and Crime Tlassificalion, 239 
,, Lord Chief Justice on Classification, 249 
,, Judge Gibson on, 249 
,, Failure of Justice in, 2S6 
,, Juries, 258 " * 

,, Outrage in, 266 

,, Attempt to Assassinate a Farmer, 298 
,, Magistrate on State of Ireland, 298 
,, The Attempted Murder of John Cotter, 338 
,, Daring Outrage in, 378 
,, Intimidation and Outrages in, 362 
,, Revision 'Work in, 383 
,. Managing our own affairs in, 396 
,, High Sherift' of thrown in a bog-hole, 442 
,, Rent Collecting in, Bailiffs fired on, 15 
., Crime in, 66, 163, 182 
,, lines on, from "Referee," 80 
,, Extra police drafted in by Morley, S3 
,, Mr. Morley's reply to Colonel Saunderson on, 88 
,, Crime in. Armed Bands. 115 
,, Another Moonlighling Outrage, 140 
„ Outrage, the case of .Mr. W. B. Blood, 153 
,. The attempt on Mr. Blood, 163 
,, Intimidation in, 174 
,, Agrarian Outrages in, 175. 182 
,, Inhuman Outrage on an ass, 1S2 
Clare Island. Disorder on, 183 
Clerical Polite Letter WiitingI 150 
,, Rule in Canada, 152 
,, Rule in Quebec, 232 
Clonmel Guardians and the Bill, 324 

,, Shooting outrage near, 354 
Coincidence, An Awful, 2 

Committee Stage, Clauses I, 2, 3, as passed, 222 
,, Clause 4 as passed, 244 

,. Clauses 5, 6, 7 and 8, 260 

)i Clauses 9 to 26 as passed, 276 

„ Lines discussed and amended, 283 

Condemnation before the fact, 23S 
Consequence, A, 436 
Consequences of an Ivy Leaf, 367 
Constabulary, Royal Irish, Account of Force, 71 
Convention, Wexford, 347 

I. " Freeman " Mistakes, 353 

Coolroe, Exciting scenes near, 41S 
Cork, Agrarian Conflict in, 226 
Outrage in, 290 
An Eviction Scene in, 290 
Pulpit Politics in, 342 
Oaths, County Court Judge on, 23 
Corporation and New Asylum Governors, 30 
State of Judge Gibson on, 90 
Boycotting in, 163 
Evicted Tenants' Association, 175 



Cork, Intimidation by a Lad, 214 

Correction re Dillon, 212 refers to page 190 

Country and the Evicted Tenants, The, 400 

County Court Judge on League Law. 217 

Cowan, Mr. Samuel's Epitaph on G. O. M., i6g. 

Cox, Mr. W. G., Letter in " Times," Administration of Law, 38^ 

Crime in Clare, 66, 15, 80, 88, 115, 140, 153, 163, 214 

„ The Throttle Valve of, 74 

,, in Limerick, Judge Gibson on, 79 

„ in County Mayo. Lord Chief Justice, 90 

,, in Cork, Justice (iibson, 90 

„ in Kerry, Judge Shaw on, 139 

,, in Clare, Judge Kelly on, 203 

,, in Clare, Judge Gibson on, 238 
Croke, Archbishop, justifies Ulster, 140 

,, his advice to National League, 160 

„ his Bashfulness, 380 

Cronin, The murder of Dr., 448 
Crops and Live Stock Return, 329 
Curious Outrage near Currans, 140 
Curtin Tragedy, The : a Sequel, 11 



"Daily Independent," on the Anti-1'arnellites, 22 
•t on the Queen's Speech, 39 

,1 on Roman Catholic Priests, 84, 198, 329- 

,. on Mr. Morley and Evicted Tenants, 108- 

>, on " Freeman s Journal." 145 

>. on the exclusion of Ulster, 160 

■ I on Finality, 189. 319 

i> on Mr. Sexton's Threatened Resignation, 

205 
,. on the " Fighting Cats," 206 

■ I on the resignation of Mr. Morrogh, M.P.,. 

217 
• > on the resignation of Mr. Barry, M.P., 375 

,. and Judge Kellj-, 230 

,. on new Financial Clauses. 235 

,, on the 'West Mayo split. 296 

,1 on the Evicted Dupes. 331 

I, on Pulpit Politics in Cork, 342 

M on the De Freyne Evictions, 396 

.1 on the Manchester Martyrs, 412 

., on the M'Carthyites, 420 

Davitt, Mr. Michael, as a Prophet, 3 

,, on Priest in Politics, S 

„ A Seat for, 8 

"The Arch Traitor," Dr. Kenny, M.l'.^ 
on. 18 
ti and the Paris Funds, 40 

M and Mr. Pat. Ford on Mealh Petitions, 64- 

„ Justifies Ulster's position, 140 

M Poor, his Bankruptcy, 152 

,, John Finerty on, 236 

,, His Bankruptcy, 371 

M on Morley's Prosecutions, 388 

I, Bankrupt Magistrate Maker, 415 

„ His Magistrates, 441 

Dease, Mr. E., ex-Home Ruler, on the Bill 
De Freyne Estate, Disorder, Exciting Speeches, 366 
„ Messrs. Davitt and Dillon on, 388 

,, Mr. J. Redmond on, 391 

„ " United Ireland " on, 393 

., Liberal Ministry and, 396 

,, Mr. Morley gone one belter, 416 

Mr. T. 'W. kussell on, 436 
Delegates, The Paid, 359 

Denominational Education in Home Rule Bill, 227 
Derryadd Fusilade, The, 330 . 

Devonshire, Duke of, and Mr. Gladstone, 241 

„ in Belfast. 400 

Dicey, Professor, at the Rotunda, 427 
Dictionary of Epithets, A, 46 
Dilke, Sir Charles, on the Irish in Victoria, 104 
Dillon, Mr. John, M.P., and the Tottenham Estate, 10 
,, Canon Doyle rough on, 17 

,, his Speeches no longer respectable^ 

Mr. J. Redmond, iS 
„ Restoring the Evicted, 19 

„ on Mr. J. Redmond, 27 

„ Mr. J. Redmond on, 27 



INDEX. 



Dillon, Mr. John, M.P.. Significant admissions of, 74 

,, superseded on the " Freeman," 145 

,, objects to his suspension, 149 

,, and Boycotting, cause and effect, 190 

„ correction of date of above (1 90), 212 

„ remembers Mitchelstown too earlj', 237 

„ his Unfortunate Memory, 255 

„ " Irish CathoHc" on, 2S7 

„ and the West Mayo Split, 295 

,, " Limerick Leader " on, 315 

„ and " Finality," 321 

,, and the Evicted Tenants, 331 

„ Dr. J. E. Kenny on, 336 

„ and his Colleagues, 349 

„ a Powerless Agitator, 359 

Dillon V. Healy, 361 
„ and the Evicted Tenants, his Minutiae, 

379 
„ on Mr. Morley's Prosecutions, 3S8 

„ North Dublin Union and, 406 

,, Significant Admissions by, 444 

Disloyal Irish Militiamen, 183 

„ Dublin Corporation, 197 
Donegal, State of, under Mr. Morley, 31, 274, 370 

,, Priest's Tribute to Mr. Balfour, 297 
Doyle, Canon, on Tipperary Wreckers, 17 
„ and Mr. Healy, 47 

,, on the Parnellites, 78 

Dublin, attempted ontrage and murder, 409, 417 
,, Corporation, The Town Clerk of, 200 
,, ,, and the Lord .Mayor, 282. 295 

,, Unionist Members of, 446 

,, The set against the Lord Maj'or, 295 

,, and the Roj-al Marriage, 197 

County. Attempted outrage in, 275 
Home Rule, 425 

Stock Exchange and Home Rule, 91 
Woman Exiled for aiding Police, 175 
Dunraven, Lord, and his Irish income, 142 
Dvvyer, Dr., and Mr. Dillon's Memory, 256 
Dynamiters, Mr. Davitt as a Prophet, 3 

,, The release of Egan, 28 ; of Callan, 34 

,, Egan's speech in Dublin on release, 35 

,, The Gweedore Prisoners and Mr. Healy, 38 

,, at work in Dublin again, 153 

„ Dr. Gallagher's Insanity, 305 

,, at Kanturk, 402 

„ in Dublin, 409, 417, 426 



rducation, Commissioners' Report, 1S91, 23 
,, Cardinal Logue on Protestant. 123 
,, Denominational, and the Bill, 227 

,, A Glance at Quebec, 232 
„ Act, The M'Carthyite Revolt, 419 
,, Irish Priests and, 328, 401 

Egan, Mr. Patrick, and the Paris Funds, 387 
Egan, the Dynamiter, Particulars of, 28 
Embarrassing, Mr. Morley and Amnesty, 199 
Emigration, Irish, 41, 76, 105. 124 
Englishmen get nothing. Irishmen ^500,000. 345 
Esmonde, Sir T. Grattan, M.P., The Landlord side of 161, iSo 
" Evening Herald," on the Queen's .Speech. 39 
on Dr. Tanner, 48 
on Mr. Asquith, 52 
on Priestly Intimidation, 63 
on Waiting for the Plunder, 72 
on Dr. Tanner and Ratting, 92 
on Evicted Tenants and Mr. Morley, 108 
Eviction, A Curious, 161 

,, Exciting scenes at, 273 
,, Scene in Co. Cork, 290 
Evicted Tenants and the Funds, g 

,, and Mr. John Dillon's Statements, 10 

,. Mr. Dillon Restoring, 19 

,, Mr. Harrington at Navan on, 62 

„ Sick and the R.I.C.. 79 

,, Commission and Mr. Morley, 86 

,, Settlement under Clause 13, 97 

Bill, The, 108 



Evicted Tenants Appeal to the Blunderbuss, 139 
,, Wails from the Wounded, 175 

,, of a Nationalist Landlord, l6l, 180 

,, Farms taken, 20I 

,, The Bodyke Estate, 213, 295 

,, want to come to terms, 281 

,, bound to the peace, 283 

,, returned for trial, 29S 

,, How they are fooled, 312 

,, The Dupes, 331 

,, and Mr. O'Brien change places, 351 

,, Since 1881, his Reward, 353 

,, Mr. J. Redmond on, 355 

,, How they fare, 363 

,, The Massereene, 364 

,, Mr. Shaw Lefevre and, 367 

,, Balance Sheet and Mr. Dillon, 379 

,, and the country, 400 

„ Priest's tale of misery, 423 

„ A question of hats, 422 

,, In and out of Parliament, 424 

Mr. T. W. Russell on, 427 
Mr. Wm. O'Brien and, 433 
Excise Returns, Irish, 173 

., Ireland's trade in spirits, 218 
Exciting scenes at a Hunt, 41S 
Executive, Irish, and Gweedore, 265 
Explosion, Some Parnellites on the, I 
,, Corporation of Limerick on, 1 
,, An Awful Coincidence, 2 

„ Nationalist Repudiation of, what it is worth, 15 

,, Mr. Dillon on " Locking the doors," 27 
,, Another Convict Released, 98 

The I'xchange Court, Witnesses disappear, 131 
,, Another one at the Four Courts, 153 

,, Dynamite at Kanturk, 402 

,, Murder and Attempted, 409 

,. and Murder in Dublin, 417 
,, Precautions extraordinary, 426 

Exposition of Irish Unionism, 404 
" Express, Daily," and Judge Kelly, 230. 
Extracts from " X," 428, 432 



Father M'Fadden, "The Globe," sketch of him, 24 

,, Col. Saunderson and, 44 

Federation, Charges against by Evicted Tenants, 9 

„ The result of its discussions (outrage), 140 

., Courts and Outrages, 203 

,, Condemns Grabbing, 203 

,, A Priest on Land Grabbing, 266 

,, Grabbing Resolutions, 276 

,, Quarrels, 356 

,, A Federationist Exterminator, 426 

,, Revolt in the, 439 

Fenians, and the Army of Independence, 6 
,, God bless the. Song. 129 
,, Ex and Mr. John Redmond. 377 
,, Commemoration of their Movement, 425 
,, The Murder of Dr. Cronin, 448 
Fetherstone and Mitchelstown, 343 

., and Mr. Asquith, 345 

Field. Mr., M.P., on Amnesty, 303 
Finality, A fig for, 189 

,, " Limerick Leader " on, 315 
,, Fiction, The, 319 

,, Full, free, and satisfactory settlement, 321 
Financial New Clauses, Irish View of, 233 

,, View of Home Rule, Marquis of Waterford on, 372 
Finerty, John, on Mr. Davitt. 236 

,. on Mr. Gladstone, 3S7 

Flynn, Mr., on the Veto, 375 
Foley the Dynamiter released, 98 
Fcrd, Mr. Patrick, on the Wesleyans, 80 
Forgotten Speech of Mr. Gladstone's, A, 316 
"Fortnightly Review," "X." in the, 427. 432 
Freemason's, Archbishop Walsh and, 49 

„ and Home Rule, 246 

Free Speech under Mr. Morley, 351 

,, and the Liberal I'arty, 237 



lyDEX. 



" Freeman's Journal " on the CHstle, 2 

„ on Sir West Ridgevvay, 12 

,, and the Land Corporation. Lies or 

mistakes ? 20 
„ Home Rule, on the, 82 

„ Managers of, as Statesmen, 91 

„ The Home Ruled and Ruined, 108 

„ The Ruin of, 114, 145, 148, 149 

„ on appointment of Town Clerk, Dublin, 

200 
„ and Parnellism, 225 

„ on new Financial Clauses, 235 

I, List of Political Addresses Viceroy, 251 

I, " Independent " on, 307 

„ Mistakes of, 353 

„ on M. J. Kenny, ^^P., 411 

,, More Suppressions of, 423 

„ on Mr. Asquith, 424 

„ A splendid opportimity for Gladstonians, 



Gaffney, Aid., recants on Home Rule, 336 
Gag, The, Analysed, 2S3 

I, " United Ireland " and, 313 
Gallagher's, Dr., Insanity, 305 
Galway, The Unionist Women of. 288 
Gibson, Judge, on Crime in Limerick, 79 
,, on state of Cork, go 

„ on Nationalist corruption in Belfast, 192 

,, on state of Clare, 238, 258 

,, on Crime Classification, 249 

Gladstone, Mr., on Slavish Dependency, 17 

„ and Irish Cabinet Ministers, 49 

„ More of his historical "fads, "63 

,, on Priests in 1S85, 105 

,. His History of the Union, 105 

„ and Ulster Opinion, 120 

„ and the Belfast Deputation, 122 

„ Mr. Lecky corrects his History, 122 

,, and Clerical Rule in Canada, 152 

„ His distrust of Roman Catholics, 154 

„ Artful Dodging on the exclusion of Ulster, 160 

„ Then and Now, age 61 and 81, 166 

., on the Land (Question. 181 

„ on Denominational Education, 227 

„ How he Escaped from Duke of Devonshire, 241 

„ A flagrant inconsistency, 257 

„ Policy of, 296 

„ Devoy, Finerty, & Co., 311 

„ A forgotten speech in Ireland, 316 

„ Vote of thanks to rejected, 324 

„ on Fetherstone and Mitchelstown, 343 

,1 and " United Ireland " on Mr. Asquith, 345 

„ His "magnificent letter " to America, 372 

i> and the Civilized World, 377 

„ Mr. John Finerty on, 387 

,, and Lord Salisbury change places, 403 

Gladstonian Magistrates, 441 

„ Investors, Splendid Opportunity for, 448 

Gladstonians, Mr. T. Harrington, M.P., on, 12 
,, Faith in Ireland, 173, 213 

„ A Wise Testator, 213 

„ Remarkable Degeneration, 237 

„ in and out of oftice, 391 

„ denounced by Nationalists, 393 

„ a snap shot at their allies, 399 

" Globe " Article on Royal Irish Constabulary, 71 
Gonne, Miss, Census, 12 
Goschen, Mr., on the 4th Clause, 230 
Gospel of Hatred, The, 230 

Government, The, ruling Ireland according to Irish ideas, 14 
„ The, and their Allies, 19, 30, 48, 52, 227, 338 

„ "When they are in a hole," Mr. Harrington, 62 

„ and their Masters, 65, 100 

,. Their Allies Tactics, 104 

,, and Nationalist Outrages, 154 

„ Their Masters' Opinion of Them, 209 

., The, and Capt. Clarke Kennedy, Spite, 210 

„ The, and their Masters in Parliament, 211 

„ A County Court Judge on. 217 



Government, Local versus Imperial, 223 
Mr. Goschen on, 229 
Return of Outrages, etc., 273 
and Amnesty, Mr. Field, M.P., on, 303 
Return of Irish Grants in Aid, 320 
and the De Freyne Evictions, 391, 393, 396 
Irish Nationalists Denounce, 393 
and Col. Turner, " the American Style," 400 
have the tables turned, 403 
and Their Friends, Sir West Ridgeway, 414 
and the Irish Magistracy, 416 
A Comparison, by Mr. Harrington, 416 
Don't Embarrass the, 433 
Mr. Harrington on, 438 
Magistrates, 441 

Col Turner on " The Nemesis of Hypocrisy," 447' 
Grabbing, A Land-Grabber's money refused, 175 
„ Condemnation before the fact, 23S 

,, League and, 240. 250, 263, 274, 322 

„ Federation Resolutions. 276 

A Grabber tired at, 299 
,, and the Law of the League, 322 

,, Making it hot for a Grabber, 394 

Grand Old Epitaph, A, 169 

,, Man's Back Door, 241 

„ „ Letter to American Enemies, 31 1 

Grants in Aid (Ireland), 320 
Grattan's Parliament and Mr. Gladstone, 122 
Guarantee Fund, I.U.A., 247 
Guardians, Modest request from an Irish Board, 8 

„ The Athy Board of, " A Stradbally Brigand," 12: 

,, and the effects of the Home Rule Bill, 64 

,, of the Period, 76 

,, dictated to by a Bishop, 84 

,, condemning "Land-Grabbing." 84, 214 

,. Home Rule Riot at Election of, 106 

,, and the Land Question, 124 

,, a Practical Lesson in Home Rule, 142 

„ Insolvent Boards of in Ireland, 210 

Clonmel and the Bill, 324 
,, Skibbereen, 36S 

,, Nationalist, 369 

,, Resolution of Tipperary, 369 

,, and Amnesty, 374 

Irish Tricks, 383 
and the Labourer's Acts, 393 
., Extraordinary Scene, 396 

.and Mr. John Dillon, M.P., 406 
„ Mr. Wm. O'Brien and, 433 

„ Illegal Grants by, 43S 

Guildhall Meeting, The, 164 

Gweedore. The, Prisoners, circumstances of the conviction, 3fy 
,, „ Irish Executive and state of, 265 



Happy Family, The, 324 

Hard upon Tay Pay,^289 

Hard Lines, :2S 

Harrington, Mr. T. M., M. P., on the Gladstonians, 12 

„ „ on the Anti-Parnellites and the; 

" Besotted English Nation," 18- 
„ „ at Navan on Evicted Tenants, 63- 

„ ,, Inflammatory Speech of, 366 

,, „ Exposes Jlr. Shaw-Lefevre, 367 

„ „ on the Irish Party, 399 

„ ,, on Mr. Morley and Mr. Balfour, 

416 
„ ,, and Mr. Wm. O'Brien, 43: 

„ „ on the Government, 438 

Hats, A Question of, 422, 424 ' 

Hayden, Mr. Luke, M.P., Inflammatory Speech De Freyne. 

Estate, 366 
Healy, Mr. T., M.P., on the Parnellites, 26 
„ „ Mr. P. O'Brien on, 27 

in Meath on the Home Rule Bill, 35 
,, „ on Mr. Sexton, 35 

„ ,. Libel Action against " Freeman," 38 

,, ,, on Mr. Redmond's Grandfather, 47 

,, „ and C.anon Doyle denies statement, 47 

,, „ The High Sheriff of Meath gives him the 

lie, 47 



INDEX. 



Healy, Mr. T., M.P., Col. Buchanan denies his statements, 47 
„ ,, and Archbishop Walsh, 82 

„ „ Superseded on the " Freeman," 142 

„ „ Objects to being superseded, 149 

„ ,, and the West Mayo Split, 

„ „ 11. Dillon, 361 

Hearts, Union of, 430 
History of Irish Parliaments, 95 

Home Rule, The Financial Aspect of, Mr. Stead in " Review of 
Reviews," 22 

,, Sir Charles Russell and the " Daily News " differ as 

to its provisions, 32 

„ Indispensable to a Final Settlement, 44 

„ Father Behan on when they are Masters, 47 

,, means Rome Rule, 48 

„ Bill of 1886 and 1893 Compared. 50, 51 

„ and Irish Securities, 57, 68, 80 

„ Bill and M'Carthyite Manifesto, 57 
,, „ Irish Parties under the, 60 

„ „ Fruits of the, 64 

,, and the Military Society, 67 

,, Bill, a Sham, Bankrupt in three years, 70 

„ Bill, Numbers leaving the country, 76, 105 

„ on the *' Freeman's Journal," 82 

„ Deputation of Irish Commerce against, 87 

,, The Minority under, " A Foretaste," 89 

„ Before the Union, 1780, 1800 

„ Bill and the Stock Exchange, Duljlin, 91 

„ Charles Lever's Prophecy, 92 

„ Protestant Primate of Ireland on 94 

„ Sympathies with Foreign Foes, 94 

„ Bill, No Nationalist Enthusiasm, 97 

„ Canadian attitude towards, 98 

„ What it means to Irish Americans, 100 

„ Irish Congregationalists and, 104 

„ Patriots failure as Statesmen in Victoria, 104 

„ Scenes in Sligo, 106 

„ Financiers on the "Freeman," 108, 145 

„ Another Foretaste of, 275 

and Quebec's Condition, 113 

,, and the Methodist Church, 115 

,, its effect on Scottish Trade, 120 

A Foretaste of the Good Time Coming, 120 

A Triangular \ie\i of, 120 

and the Land Question, 124 

Why Mr. M'Carthy wants it, 129 

„ A Convert from, on Unionist Platform, 130 

„ Points from the Albert Hall Meeting, 135 

„ Opposition to endorsed by Archbishop Croke and 

Mr. Davitt, 140 

„ at Killarney, 142 

„ A Legal Opinion of, 146, 158, 170, 179, 1S7, 200, 211 

„ in Miniature, 148 

„ One of its Leading Lights, 150 

,, Our Future Rulers, 151 

,, Getting their hand in at Sligo, 151 

„ The Guildhall Meeting, 164 

„ Mr. Lecky on, 165. 122 

„ Anti, Resolutions of Presbytery, 169 

,, Penalty for Signing Petition Against, 174 

„ The Scotch Awakening on, 180 

,, Petitions Against, 181 

„ Canadian, 1S4 

,, Irish Freemasons under, 189, 245 

,, Aliens Amendment to Bill, 211 

,, Presbyterians and the Bill, 212 

,, A Wise Gladstonian Testator, 213 

,, The Viceroy a representative of, not the Queen, 215 

„ Clauses I, 2, 3, as amended in Committee, 222 

„ Local V. Imperial Government, 223 

„ The Patriots' Pay, 224 

„ Fourth Clause, 227 

,, Priestly, in Quebec, 232 

„ Irish Unionist View of new Financial Clauses, 233 

,, and the ParneUites, 236 

„ Bill and Savings Banks, 242 
„ ,, Clause 4 of, as passed Committee, 244 

„ Methodist Church and, 246 

,1 Trinity College and, 247 

„ Clauses 5, 6, 7 and 8 of Bill, 260 

„ in advance in Limerick, 263 

„ Irish Reformed Presbyterian Manifesto, 268 



Home Rule, Clauses 9 to 26 as passed in Committee, 276 

„ Chief Magistrate Home Ruled, 2S2 

,, Bill, Representative Nationalists on, 283 

„ ,, " The Gag " Analysed, 283 

„ Premature, 289 

,, The Jerrymandered Schedules, 291 

„ Women of Ireland and, 292 

„ Camp, Brotherly Love in, 296 

„ Rome Rule — The National Board, 300 

„ The shadow of, 305 

„ at Home, the Nationalist papers, 307 

„ Independent Nationalists and, 308 

,, Third Reading Division, 313 

„ " Limerick Leader " on, 315 

„ Rushing the Bill, 316 

„ The Finality Fiction, 319 

„ Mr. J. Redmond, 4J.P., on, 320 

„ FinaHty, 321 

„ Bill in the Lords, 321 

., Our Future Masters, 323, 324 

,, Mr. Chamberlain on the Bill, 323 

„ Clonmel Guardians and the Bill, 324 

„ Irish, The Queensland Premier on, 328 

„ Home Rule Alderman recants, 336 

,, Bill, or "The Vestry Legislature Bill," 347 

„ „ Mr. J. Redmond, M. P., on, 355 

,, ,, What it means, 358 

,, at the World's P'air, 372 

,, Lord Waterford's examination of, 372 
Bill, " T. P." on future of, 388 

„ in Wexford, 418 

,, A Specimen of Dublin. 425 

„ and Home Rulers at Home, 439 

Houghton, Lord, on Safeguards, 213 

„ „ His Visit to the West — curious delay, 215 

„ ,, and Political Addresses, 242 

>> I, on " a patient and law-abiding people," 247 

n ,1 His Tour List of Political Addresses, 250 
I, „ finds " Mr. Balfour wanted," 281 

How the Rent is Paid, 399 
Humphreys, Father, on the ParneUites, 40 

,> ,, and the Law in Ireland, 99 

>, „ on Messrs. Healy and Dillon, 361 

>■ ,1 and the Evicted Tenants, 363 



Illiteracy in Meath, 44 

„ Irish, and the Priests, 328, 401 
Independent Nationalism and Fenians, 6 

„ „ A Fig for finality, 189, 321 

,1 .1 Attitude of, 308, 320 

Policy of, 354, 376 
" Independent " on Manchester Martyrs, 431 

„ on the Bill, 189 

,, on Ulster's Exclusion, 160 

„ on Mr. Morley and Evicted Tenants, 188 

„ on Anti-Parnellites, 29, 205, 206, 212, 218, 296 

„ on Roman Catholic Priests. 84. 98 

,, on the "Freeman," 145, 148, 307 

Ireland, Recent Publications relating to, i, 33, 41, 49, 73 

In the Reviews, i, 33, 41, 73 

The Kings of, How They died, 25 

Twelve years after the Union, Si 

in 1798, 311 

in 1799, 105 

and Quebec, 113 

under Grattan's Parliament, 122 
Ireland under Morley : — 

Malicious Burning of Hay, 7 

Ruled according to Irish Ideas, 14 

Bailiffs fired on, 15 

Moonlight attack on the Miss Brownes, 16 

Moonlighting in Cork 22 

Wanton Outrage near Kenmare, 22 

Extraordinary Kerry Outrage, 22 

A Carrier fired on, 22 

Dynamiters released, 28, 34 

Moonlighters and the School, 31, 48 

The attack on the Dingle Mail, 31 

The state of Donegal, 3 1 

Boycotting in Cavan, 36 b 



Ireland under Morley : 

Mysterious death of Whelan, 36 

Famine and Starvation. 41 

Sheriffs refused Police Protection, 42, 43 

Crime in, Figures, 47 

Stallion Poisoned, 48 

Moonlighting Money Raids, 52, 56 

List and Reports of Nineteen Outrages, 58 

Justice O'Brien on Juries, 67 

List of Outrages, 75, 136 

Judge Gibson on State of Limerick, 79 

Extra Police drafted into Clare, S3 

State of Kerry. Justice O'Brien, 88 

Threatening Notices, 89 

Boycotting in Tipperary, 90 

Lord Chief Justice on state of Mayo, 90. 91 

Judge Gibson on Cork, 91 

Process Server Assaulted, 94 

Two men tired at, 97 

Another Desperado released, 98 

Unionists signing Petitions threatened, 99 

Nonconformist Minister's house attacked, 103 

Boycotting rampant, 104 

father Kelly and a mob defy 100 police. 106 

Life in — Boycotting and Threats, 112 

Intimidation Anew, 115 

Armed Bands in Clare, 115 

Outrages at Castleisland, 121 

Moonlighting in Limerick, 121 

Arson near Ivillarney, 123 

Assault, etc , near Castleisland, 127 

Two cases of cruelty to cattle, 128 

Farmer's House fired into, 131 

Claim for Malicious Injury, 132 

Alleged Incendiarism, 138 

Judge Shaw on Moonlighting, 139 

Another Tipperary Outrage, 139 

Shocking Outrage on Cattle at Kilkenny, 139 

Moonlighting in Clare, 140 

Agrarian Outrage at Cloughjordan, 140 

Curious Outrage near Curran, 140 

The Priest as an Agitator, 151 

Another Dynamite Outrage, 153 

Terrorism in Kerry, 162 

Cattle Mutilations at Curran, 163 

School Children Boycotted, 163 

Boycotting in Cork, 163 

Outrages in Kerry and Clare, 163 

Brutal Outrage on Horse at Tulla, 163 

Third attempt on Mr. Wm. Blood, 163 

The duty of the National League, 164 

Intimidation. Boycotting, Outrages, 174 

Penalty for signing Petition against Home Rule, 174 

Mrs. Esther O'Brien's Persecution, 175 

Agrarian Outrage in Clare, 175 

Convicts he released, 181 

Intimidation and Outrages in Kerry, 1S2 

Inhuman Outrage in Clare, 182 

Disorder on Clare Ireland, 183 

Moonlight Attack Repulsed, 183 

Supposed Incendiarism in Tyrone, 183 

The Hint Direct, 183 

Disloyal Militiamen, 183 

The High Court of the League, 190 

Union Jack Cut Down, 189 

Boycotting and Mr. Dillon, 190 

Boycotters sent to Prison, 191 

Brutal Outrage near Kenmare. 191 

A Dublin Solicitor Severely Wounded, 191, 214, 434 

Threats and Outrages, List of Latest, 192 

Act of Edward III. Revived, 202 

Captain Moonlight in Co. Leitrim, 202 

Intimidation in Clare, 203 

Judge Kelly on Clare Jurors, 203 

Bad for the Cow, 203 

Federation Courts and Outrages, 203 

Humble Submission to the League Law, 203 

The Model Morleyite Magistrate, 203 

The State of Clare. A Magistrate on, 204 

List of Outrages, 205 

The State of Things at Bodyke, 213 

Intimidation by a Boy, 214 



Ireland under Morley : 

Another Outrage in Clare, 214 

Unlawful Assembly in Co. Leitrim, 214 

Alleged Agrarian Outrage in Co. Armagh, 214 

List of Outrages, 215 

League Law and the Repeal of the Crimes Act, 217 

Outrage on the Ponsonby Estate, 226 

Agrarian Conflict in Cork, 226 

Miscellany of Recent Outrages, 226 

Intimidation Rampant Once More, 226 

Condemnation before the Fact, 238 

Protestants' Cattle Mutilated, 238 

Judge Gibson on Clare, 238 

Grand Jury on Crime Classification, 239 

Land League Courts. 240 

Lord Chief Justice and judge Gibson on Crime, 249 

Compensation to a Priest for Injuries, 250 

Land League Courts, 250 

Cattle Houghing, 250 

Shooting Outrage near Newry, 250 

More Condemnation, 250 

Miss Morrison's Farm, 250, 263, 266, 290 

Failure of Justice in Clare, 256 

Juries in Clare, 258 

List of Outrages, 258, 266 

State of Gweedore, 265 

Cattle Maiming in Galway, 266 

Brutal Outrages on Cattle, 266 

More Mutilation, 266 

Intimidation and Outrage — Government Return, 273 

League Law in, 274 

Lord Chief Justice on League Law, 274 

Attempted Outrage in Dublin, 275 

Some Federation Grabbing Resolutions, 276 

Savage Attack on a Planter, 282 

Making it Hot for John Burke, 283 

Judge Monroe on the Plan of Campaign, 2S4 

Premature Home Rule, 289 

Outrage in Cork, 290 

Eviction Scene in Cork, 290 

Outrage near Stewartstown, 290 

Miscellany of Recent Outrages, 290 

Intimidation by Anonj-mous Letters, 298 

Evicted Tenant Returned for Trial, 298 

Use of the Knife, Tralee. 298 

Attack on a Parnellite Band, 298 

Outrage in Clare, 298 

Firing at a Land Grabber, 299 

Intolerance and Brutality in the West, 299 

A Clare Magistrate on, 299 

Newspaper Intimidation, 306 

Destructive Fire near Ennis, 306 

Killing the Saxon's Horse, 306 

Mr. Morley obliged to use Coercion, 306 

Miscellany of Recent Outrages, 307, 315 

Guardians as Intimidators, 314 

Bridge Sawn in Two, 314, 338 

Miscellany of Recent Outrages, 322, 330 

The Grabber and the Law of the League, 322 

Outrages near Glenties, 322 

The Derryadd Fusilade, 330 

Kerry under Mr. Morley, 330 

The Evicted Dupes, 331 

Daring Boycotting outrage, 338 

Moonlighting near Ballingarry, 338 

Attempted murder in Glare, 33S 

Miscellany of recent outrages, 339, 346, 354 

Outrages on cattle, 346 

Free Speech or Coercion, 351 

Shooting outrage near Clonmel, 354 

Dastardly outrage at Ennis Church, 362 , 

Moonlighting at Kanturk, 362 

Boy Moonlighters, 362 

Intimidation and Outrages in Clare, 362 

Miscellany of recent outrages, 362, 370, 378 

Judge Webb on the state of Donegal, 370 

Intimidation near Ballymote, 370, 3^3 

Daring outrage in Clare, 37S 

Alleged Highway Robbery, 378 

Miscellany of Recent Outrages, 3S6, 394, 402, 443 

Malicious Burning in Kerry, 394 

Cowardly assault by Nationalists, 394 



INDEX. 



Ireland under Morley : 

Alleged malicious injury, 394 
Dynamite Outrage at Kanturk, 402 
The Dublin Outrage and Murder, 409 
Miscellany of Recent Outrages, 410, 419, 426, 435 
Wexford Hunt stopped, 418 
Daring Outrage near Kanturk, 41 S 
Outrage in Limerick, 41 S 

Extraordinary Precautions against Dynamite, 426 
Moonlighter sentenced, 435 
Ballymote Boycotting Case, 435 
Juries in Kerry, 439 
Moonlighting in Co. Kilkenny, 442 
Daring Rescue of Cattle from Bailiffs, 442 
High Sheriff thrown in a bog hole, 442 
— Irish Catholic " on the Paris Funds 123 

„ Specimen of Anti-Painellite Jealousy, 132 

,, on the " Freeman " Directors, 149,225 

,, " Belfast in Danger," 176, 199 

„ on Freemasons, 190 

„ Anti-Amnesty Sentiments, 265 

on M'Carthyites at West Mayo, 2S7 
„ upon Mr. T. P. O'Connor, 2S9 

„ upon the Parliamentary Party, 323 

,, on the Act of Union, 327 

Irish Drunkenness. Archbishop Walsh on, 35 173 

„ Unionist Alliance. 161, 173, 247, 272, 312. 352, 385,432. 440 

Cabinet Ministers. Mr. Gladstone on. 49 
'„ Securities and Home Rule, 57, 6S. 80 
i Local Grants from Parliament and the Bill, 64 
',] Votes passed Welsh Suspensory Bill, 65 
,, Constabulary, Royal, all about, 71 

Constabulary, and Sick at Evictions, 79 
'[ Commerce, Deputation to Unionist Leaders, 87 
'I Constabulary and Home Rule, 103 

Parliamentary Party, Paymasters of, 124, 323 
Landlords, how they spend their income, 141 
II „ and their tenants, 399 

" Priestly methods with the Minority, 151 
Presbyterian Delegates in Scotland, 186 
" Magistrates, The New, 194 
„ Gallantry Up-to-Date, 197 
,, Sunday, An, 392 
Irishmen leaving the Country, 76 



Jerrymandered Schedules, The, 291 
Johnston, Mr. \V., M.P., and Nationalist Assurances, 11 
Jordan, Mr. Jeremiah, M.P., selected by sixty Roman Catholic 
Clergymen as candidate, 19 
and the Priests, 35 
His Priestly Assistants on the 
Polling Day, 62 
Journalism Invertebrate, 225 
Judicial Rents, Land Commission Returns, 267 
Juries in Kerry, 9, 439 

refuse to convict in Clare, 66, 238 

on crime classification, 239 

in Clare, 258, 434 

Grand, of Gweedore, 265 

Irish, in Political Criminal Cases, 443 

Mr. Morley and Mr. Carson on, 444 



Keeping it Dark, 249 

Keir Hardie, Mr., M.P., and Mitchelstow^n, 343 

Keller, Canon, and "a Commission Witness," ill 

Kelly, Rev., of Sligo, " A Specimen of Home Rule," 106, 107 

„ Judge, vindicated, 230 
Kenmare, brutal outrage near, 19 1 
Kennedy, Captain Clarke, and " Rouse ye Ulster," 210 
Kenny, Dr. J. E., M.P., on Michael Davitt, 18 

„ " Marching through Rapine," 1 16 

,^ on the Priests and Illiteracy, 32S 

,' on Mr. Dillon, 336 

Kenny, Mr. M. J., M.P., assault on, 36 

„ in hot water, 41 1 

Kettle, Mr. A. J., on Priest in Politics, 8 
Kerry, Moonlighting in, 6 
„ Trial by jury in, 9 



Kerry, Outrages in, 22, 203 

,, Agitators and Creameries, 31 
,[ State of. Lord Londonderry's Question, 56 
„ State of. Judge O'Brien on, 88 
„ Home Rule Foretaste in, 89 
„ Judge Shaw on state of, 139 
'„ Intimidation, Boycotting, Outrages, 162 
,. Moonlighting Outrages, 163 
„ List of Outrages in, 182 
„ Crime classification in, 249 
„ Two Outrages in, 298 
„ under Mr. Morley, 330 
Malicious Burning in, 394 
Alleged Malicious Injury, 394 
Kilbride, Mr. D., M.P., and evicted tenants, 380 
Kilkenny, tails cut off 12 cows, 139 
Killarney, Home Rule at, 142 

„ cutting down the Union Jack, 1 89 

Killybegs, Lord Lieutenant at, 247 



Labourer, a fastidious, 20 
Labourers' Acts, The, 393, 407 
Land Market, The, in Tipperary, 1,9, 121, 129 
„ in Donegal, 17 

in Cork, 25, 33, 41, 57, Si, 89, 97. >o5 
„ in County Down, 25 

„ in Antrim, 41 

in Kerry, Cork, Tipperan,', and Meath, 65 
„ in Queen's County, etc., 73 

in Cork, Dublin, etc., 81, 433 
\, in Cork, etc., 89, 113, 321 

„ in County Louth, 149, 257, 265, 273, 321, 

385,401,417 
„ in Tipperary, 361 

,, in County Meath, 370 

„ in Queen's County and Dublin, 433 

Land, the. Guardians (Irish) Resolution on, 124 
„ Landlords and their incomes, 142 

Report of Auditor-General on Land Commission, 55 
„ Settlement under clause 13, 97 
„ "A Small Commission Witness," ill, 138 
„ Purchase Acts work, 122, 213, 409 
„ a Grabber's money refused, 175 

Lord Spencer and Mr. Gladstone on, iSi 
,, Glebe land tenants, 211 
,, League Law in Monaghan, 217 
„ Commission Sales, 225 
„ Sales under the Purchase Acts, 237, 252, 265, 267, 

273. 2S1, 401 
„ League Courts, 240, 250, 263 
„ Commission Returns, 267 

Dr. Walsh as a landlord, 297 
Nationalist landlord, 426 
„ Rent paying on the Clanricarde Estate, 433 
Large Order, A, 124 
League, National, High Court of, 190 

„ Law in Monaghan, 217 

,, and intimidation, 227, 238 

„ Courts, 240 

„ Law, 274, 322 

Law, Lord Chief Justice on, 274 
„ and intimidation, etc.. 2S3 

„ Law of the and the grabber, 322 

„ Principles at Tralee, 399 

Leamy, Mr. E., M,P., on Mr. Morley, 335 
Lecky, Mr. W. E. H., on Mr. Gladstone's history, 122 
Legal Opinion on the Home Rule Bill, 146, 158, 170, 171, 172, 

179, 1S7, 200. 211 
Legislature (Irish) and Premiums, 209 
Leitrim, unlawful assembly in, 214 
Lever, Charies, prophesy as to Irish patriots. 92 
Limerick. Judge Gibson on state of, 79 

Bishop of, on protection under Home Rule, 94 
Bishop of, on anti-English utterances, 94 
Moonlighting Outrage in, 121 
„ Nationalists and the Corporation, 161 
„ Home Rule in advance, 363 
„ Alderman abjures Home Rule, 336 
,, a caretaker wounded, 418 
Local Government (Irish) at Kilrush, 438 



LXKzl rerttu Imperial Government 223 
Logoe, Archtxsbop, on Catholic UnionUts, 92 
„ a Catholic's reply to, ICX) 

„ the journeyman baker and. 120 

., on Education "Godless," 123 

„ and Catholic laymen, 128 

„ Lord Randolph Churchill on, 197 

London Branch Irish Unionist Alliance, 272 
Londcmderry, Lord, on the Mathe^v Commission, 13S 
Lords and the Home Rule Bill, 321 

„ Mr. Pamell on, 32S 
Lord Chief Justice, The, condemns Mr. Morley's actions as 
criminal. 41 
„ on crime in Co. Mayo, 90 

„ on crime classification, 249 

n on Leagne Law in Wicklow, 274 

Lorgan, a Rhetorician at, 444 



Macdermot, Canon, denounces Boycotting. 

M'Carthy, Mr. Justin, on the "Castle" in the "Fortnightly 

Review," 3 
M'Carthy, Mr. Justin, Kind of him, 129 

„ ' ' Broken down," ' ' Independent ' on, 2 1 2 

, , Af^jeal for Funds, 382 

M'Carthyite Cabinet, "Evening Herald" on, 72 
Manifesto, A. 57 
Patriot sent to jail, 202 
„ Party, " Independent ' on, 206 

,. „ vote against the Government, 2 1 1 

„ .. the split in West Mayo, 2S7, 296 

„ ., Mr. J. Redmond on, 356 

„ ., War of the Macs, 356 

., .. paid delegates, 359 

_ an inside view o[, 374 
„ „ appeal for funds, 582 

» ., dissensions, 407 

recent resolutions of, 41 1 
„ Mr. J. Redmond on, 415 
Revolt on the Education Act, 419 
Party, The Fend Riven, 420 
Amenities, 441 
M'Fadden, Father, all about him. 24 
M'Hngh, Mr., i£.P., on Mr. Morley and Magistrates, 100 

,, makes a virtue of a necessity, 194 

Magistrates, The Gladstonian, 14, I(X), 194, 203, 415, i'l 
,, on Crime in Clare, 204 

„ The Government and CoL Turner, 400 

Maguire, Dr., before the Military Society, 67 
Mabony, Mr. Pierce, M.P, violent attache on Mr. M. ]. Kenny, 

M.P., 36 
Mabony, Mr. Pierce, M.P., " Ireland bankrupt in three years," 70 
Majorities, A matter of, 249 
Managing oar own afiairs in Clare, 396 
Mancbester Martyr Celels-ation, 412, 430, 431 
" Marching Throogfa Rapine,^ 1 15 
Maiylxnuugfa Prison, Precantions at, 426 
Massereene Wounded Soldiers, 364 

„ Boycotting at, 369 

Matfaew Onm^ssaon, The, III, 13S 
Ifattbews, Mr, M.P, censures the Priests, 1 1 3 
Mi^o, Co., state of 90 

„ West. M'Carthyite split, 2S7, 2S9, 296 
Meitb Elections, tbe IViests at it again, 1 1 
„ Nationalist squabbles, iS 

,. Sir Charles Russell on the Meath clergy, 22 

Tbe clerical candidates, 26, 44, 63. 73 
.. " Irish Catholic ' on their signiSccnce, 33 

„ Mr. T. Healy at Gormanlongh, 35 

„ Mr. Wm. O'Brien on Amnesty, 44 

M and flliteracy, 44 

and the Priests in the PcJling Booths, 63 
n North, the Priests, 73 

Meath Pamellite's Funeral, A, 59 

„ Bishop oC, and Trinity College, 247 
„ Clergyagain. 329 
„ value at land in, 369 
Mercenaries. Irish Nationalists resent term, to 
Methodist Chttrcb, The power of the. 113 

„ and Home Rnle, 246 

Mediods of oar Hew Masters, 132 



Militiamen, Disloyal, 1S3 

Mitchelstown, Remembering, beforehand, 237 
,, Fetherstone and, 3<3 

,, Wounded Soldiers, 3S0 

Molony, Mr. Weldon C, The attack on, 191, 214 

,, ,, Trial cf his assailant, 434 

Monaghan Women's Unionist .\ssociatioa, 352 
Monroe, Judge, on Plan of Campaign, 2S4 
Monteagle, Lord, and his Irish income, 142 
Moonlight, "Captain," in Kerry. 6 
Moonlighting attack on the Misses Browne, 16 
in Cork, 22, 418 
in Kerry, 31 
Money Raid, 52 

Three cases. Limerick, Leiniter and Cork, 75 
Tw^o men fired at, 97 
in Limerick, 121, 338 
at Listowe!, 132 
Judge Sha^v on, 139 
in Clare, 140, 175, 192 
and the Government, 154 
attack repulsed, 183 
in Co. Leitrim, 202 
by Juveniles, etc., 362 
„ in Co. Kilkenn5-, 442 

Moral Philosophy at Maynooth CcUege, 1 50 
Morals and Politics, Leinster Hall and Co. Meath, 33 
Moriey, Mr. John, M.P., Archbishop Walsh on, 3 

„ and the Irish Law Officers, 26 

„ does not reply to Mr. Smyth, 40 

V. Balfour, 41 
„ Lord Chief Justice Reproves, 41, 42, 45 

,, His figures incorrect, 47 

„ Col. Turner denies his statements, 51 

„ and Sheriffs Police Protection, Appeal, 

59 
. His Moonh'ghting Returns, 75 

„ His figures admitted incorrect, 76 

„ His statements as to tbe Evicted 

Tenants' Commission, 86 
„ A serious charge against, 90 

„ Releases another D^-namiter, 9S 

„ and the case of Mr. Barry, 99 

„ and his gang of officials, 100 

„ and the Evicted Tenants, loS 

, and Ulster, 1 1 1 

„ and the Belfast Disturbances, 141 

„ as a Coercionist, 163 

„ Replies to Mr. Arnold Forster ri Mr.. 

Blood and outrages, 163 
„ Convicts he released, 181 

„ Would make religion secondary, 186 

., and the Union Jack, 188 

„ and the Irish J.P.'s, 194 

„ and Amnesty, 199 

,. and Evicted Farms Retum>. 201 

„ Martyred by, 202 

., One of his Magistrates, 203 

„ a sufficient answer, if not precise, 210 

„ and the intimidation bj- a boy case, 214. 

„ "True," says, 258 

„ tnaUng it hot for, 283 

„ and premature Home Rule, 289 

„ taken to task, 303 

„ his pie-crust promises, 304 

,. and Amcest}-, 305 

„ obliged to use coercion, 306 

„ his Facts, 313 

,. Kerry under, 330 

„ Redmondite remarks on, 335 

„ and free speech, 35 1 

„ will he interfere, 369 

„ administratioa of the law, 383 

„ and De Freyne Prosecutitms, Oilloo 

and Davitt on, 388 

,, The Tables Turned, 403 

Unfulfilled Promises, 409 

„ and the New Magistrates, 415 

„ Gone one Better than Balfour, 416 

„ and Jury Packing Then and Now. 444 

„ and the Stand By, CoL Turner on, 447 
Morrison's, Miss, farm, 250, 263, 266, 290 



INDEX. 



Alorrogh, Mr. John, M.P., Resignation of, 217 
Mottoes, Loyalist, at the Ulster Hall, 400 
Munster Winter Assizes, 434 
Murphy, Mr. \V. M., his reason why, 392 

„ Rev. Joseph's, letter suppressed by " Freeman," 423 
Muscular Christianity in Ireland, 1 27 

Nally, John A., A Drunken Patriot, 329 
National Board, Home Rule on the, 300 

„ Intolerance in Tyrone, 337 
National League, Intimidation by, 283 
,, and iinalitj', 321 

„ tyranny, 358 

„ High Court of the, 190 

Nationalist Amenities, iS, 22, 26, 27, 36, 40, 44, 48, 72, 78, 82, 
86, 91, 116, 119. 132, 161, 175, 205, 206, 217, 323,324,335, 
347. 355. 356. 360, 363. 375. 392. 399, 407, 415, 439, 441 
Nationalists propose to pay political delegates out ot the rates, 76 
on the proposed Irish statesmen, 91 
how they would use an Irish Parliament, 100 
Finance --the Paris Funds, 123 
Mendacity unmasked, 141 
Finance — the ruined " Freeman," 145, 14S 
Outrages and the Government, 154 
M.P. as a landlord, 161, l8o 
and grabbers, 274 
assurances, the value of, 1 1 
and the d3'namite outrage. 15 
Loyalty to the Queen, 1S3, 197, 213, 225, 293 
cut down the Union Jack, 189, 213 
demonstration in Sligo, 194 
characteristics, Lord Salisbury on, 206 
and the Aliens' Amendment, 211 
and the Viceroy, 217 
and the Royal Family, 223 
violent speeches, 226 
and Miss Morrison's farm, 263 
Representative on Home Rule Bill, 283 
vindictiveness, 353 
economy, 369 

Mr. Wm. Murphy, e.K-M.P., on divisions, 392 
denounce the Gladstonian party, 393, 403 
Cowardly assault by, 394 
Chairman and Britain's Pirate Flag, 403 
Use Coercion and Cloture, 407 
and Fenianism, 425 
" X " on the, 427. 432 
Nationality, Professor Dicey on, 427 
New version of an old song, 129 
Noble Reply to Nationalist Taunts, 28S 
Nonconformist Minister's house attacked, 103 
„ opinion of Home Rule, 104 

„ (Methodists) and Home Rule, 113 

„ Presbyterians, Irish, on, 26S 

,, Outrages on Protestant Congregations, 275 

Nulty, Bishop, Three P s. 2 

„ on the Parnellites, 86 

„ "United Ireland " on, 1 16 

,, can he explain, 119 

„ "on Mr. \\m. O'Brien, 164 

,, on Peace, so different, 215 

„ draws in his horns, 272 

O'Brien, Mr. 'Wm., M.P., on the Castle, 3 

,, Canon Doyle rough on, 17 

,, as a Clerical Apologist, 18 

,, " Daily Independent " on. 22 

and the Priests. Mr. P. O'Brien on, 27 
,1 on the Parnellites, 44 

„ and the Government " will turn them 

out,'' 48 
„ Dr. Nulty on, 164 

,, changed times with, 351 

,, and evicted tenants, 380, 433 

„ and Mr. T. Harrington — a contrast, 43 1 

O'Brien, Mr. Justice, on Crime in Clare, 66, 434 ; Kerry, 88, 439 
O'Brien, Mr. Patrick, on Mr. 'W. O'Brien and Priests, 27 
,, on the Priests in South Meath, 63 

„ on the De Freyne Estate, 367 

„ at Trim on Priests, 67 

„ on Archbishop Walsh, 1 19 



O'Brien, Mrs. Esther, persecution of, 175 
O'Connor, Mr. J., ex-M.P., in New York, 332 

„ Mr. James, and the blunderbuss doctrine, 139 
„ Mr. T. P., " Irish Catholic ' on, 289 
„ „ "Weekly Sun," 304 

„ ,, on the future of the Bill, 388 

O'Donnell. Mr. F. H., ex-M.P., on the Situation, 347 
Olphert Estate, Tenant-Right on the, 1 7 
Outrages, malicious burning of hay, 7 
„ bailiffs fired on, 15 
„ moonlight attack on ladies, 16 
„ moonlighters' attack on parents' of scholars, 31 
„ the attack on the Dingle car, 31 
„ mysterious death of "Whelan, 36 
moonlighting money raid, 52, 56 
„ nineteen reports of, 58 

lists of, 75, 136, 192, 205, 215, 226, 250, 258, 266, 290, 
306,315.322,330,339 
„ near Castleisland, 121 
„ wanton outrage at Kenmare, 128 
,, on a covir, 128 
„ firing into a farm-house, 
„ claim for malicious injury, 132 
,, alleged incendiarism, 13S 
,, another Tipperary outrage, 139 
,, shocking outrage on cattle, 139 
,, in Clare, 140 

agrarian at Cloughjordan, 140 
., Nationalists and Loyalists in Co. Armagh, 330 

Attempted murder of John Cotter, 338 
,, Moonlighting near Ballingarry, 338 

lists of, 346, 354, 362, 370. 378, 394, 402, 410, 426, 

435. 443 

„ On cattle. 346 

„ Shooting Outrage near Clonmel, 354 

„ at Ennis Parish Church, 362 

,, Moonlighting, etc., 362 

,, in Clare, 362, 378 

,, near Ballymote, 370 

Alleged Highway Robber3', 37S 

„ in Kerry, 394 

,, Dynamite, at Kanturk, 402 

„ Attempted DN-namite, in Dublin, 409 

„ Daring, near Kanturk, 418 

,, In Co. Limerick, 4:8 

„ Moonlighter sentenced, 435 

,, Moonlighting in Co. Kilkennj', 442 

„ High Sheriff of Clare in a bog hole, 442 

„ Daring Rescue of Cattle from Bailiff, 442 

„ Curious case near Curran, 140 

,, Dynamite, in Dubhn, 153 

„ Mr. W. B. Blood fired at again, 153 

„ and Dr. Croke, Archbishop of Cashel, 160 

„ in Kerry, 162, 203 

,, on Cattle near Curran, 163 

„ on a horse, 1 63 

,, Moonlighting in Kerry and Clare, 163 

,, Third attempt to murder Mr. Blood, 163 

,, Agrarian, in Clare, 175 

„ in Kerry, List of, 182 

,, Inhuman, in Clare, 182 

,, Brutal, near Kenmare, 191 

„ The attack on Mr. Weldon Molony, 191, 214, 434 

,, Conflict in Co. Cork, 226 

„ in Clare, 203 

,, Federation Courts, etc., 203 

,, A Magistrates list of, 204 

„ on the Ponsonby Estate, 226 

„ Another outrage in Clare, 214 

„ Alleged Agrarian in Co. Armagh, 214 

„ On Cattle of Protestants, 23S 

„ In Co. Dublin, 275 

„ Savage attack on a Planter, 2S2 

,, in Cork, Stewartstown, etc., 290 

„ Attempt to assassinate a farmer, 298 

„ Two cases in Tralee, 298 

„ Firing at a Land Grabber, 299 

on Cattle in the West, 299 

„ Destructive Fire near Ennis, 306 

Killing the Saxon's horse, 306 

„ Bridge sawn in two, 314, 338 

„ near Glenties, 322 



INDEX. 



Paid Patriots, The, 60, 224, 359 

" Pall Mall Gazette " on the two Bills, 50, 51 

„ Irish Parties under the Bill, 60 

,, The Protestant Minority Suffer, 151 

Paris Funds, Mr. Davitt's two letters on, 40 

„ The latest statement of the case, 123 

„ Another lireakdown, 237 

,, Correspondence in the " Freeman," 340 

,, The " Freeman " Controversy, 359 

„ Early history of, 3S7 (Correction : for ^37,000 

read /'57.000) 
Parliament, an Irish, when England is at War, 4, 10 
„ Pitt's Speech in, on the Union, 74 

„ History of Irish, 95 

,, How Nationalists would use an Irish, ICXJ 

„ Grattan's, Mr. Gladstone and Mr. Lecky, 122 

,, and Premiums 209 

„ Irish Representation in Imperial, 210, 257 

„ Party Irish, 323 

„ An Home Rule in miniature, 368 

Parnell on Protection, 209 

,, on Imperial Representation of the Irish, 210 
,. and the House of Lords, 328 
Parnellites on the Dublin Explosion, i 

„ Described by Mr. Healy, M.P., 26 

,, and the Fenians, 6 

„ and Anti-Parnellites, 27, 161 

„ On the (^luecn's Speech, 39 

„ Reply to Mr. Asquith on Amnesty, 52 

,, Refused burial by Priest, 59 

,, When they get the Government in a hole, 62 

,, on the M'Carthyite division of spoils, 72 

„ Canon Doyle on, 78 

and Bishop Nulty, 86, 116 
„ on Mr. Morley's Action, 108 

„ and the Priests, 152 

,. on the Unionist cause, 206 

and the Bill, 236, 308 
,, and the Paris Funds, 237 

,, and the Lord Mayor of Dublin, 282, 295 

„ Band attacked, 29S 

„ Priests and, 376 

Patriots abroad, 329, 332, 345 

„ who prefer England to Ireland, 404 
Paymasters, The, of the Irish Party, 124 
„ What they demand, 201 

,, Who are to be, 224 

Petition, Women's, against Home Rule, 291 
Pie Crust Promises, Mr. Morley's, 304 
Pim, Mr. Jonathan, on the Home Rule Bill, 146, 158, 170-72, 

179, 187, 200, 21 1 
Pitt's Speech on the Union, 74 
Plan of Campaign, 28 1, 2S4, 295, 337 

„ Revived, 83, 157, 295 

Planter, Savage attack on a, 282 
Plunket, Jlr. D., on the 4th clause, 228 
Police and Home Rule, 103 

Police, Irish, and Evicted Tenants' Collections, 422 
Police Protection and Civil Bill Decrees, 51, 76 

,, and Sheriffs, Government Appeal Defeated, =;9 

,, to Voters necessary, 106 

Ponsonby Est;ite, Outrage on, 226 

The Tenants, 281, 332 
Presbyterian Irish Delegates in Scotland, 186 
,. Delegates from Scotland, 212 

„ Irish Reformed, Manifesto, 26S 

Priests in Politics, Bishop Nully's Three P's, 2 

„ lohn Redmond. Michael D.ivitt, M.P.'s, and 

Mr. A. J. Kettle on, 8 
„ in Mealh again, 11,26 

Mr. J. Redmond, M.P., on at Trim, 16 
in -Meath, Mr. Wm. O'Brien defends, 18 
., The Clerical Candidates, "Mr. 1. Jordan," 

and " Mr. J. Gibney," 19 
., Sir Charles Russell on Mc.ith, 22 

,, " Iiish Catholic" on, 33 

„ helping Mr. J. Jordan, 35 

„ Mr. Dyer of Walmer on, 48 

., Refuse to bury Parnellites, 59 

in the Polling Booths after Petitions. 63 
„ VI r. Davitt's letter to Patrick Ford, 64 

Mr. P. O'Brien on, at Trim, 67 



Priests in Politics, No Quarter for Parnellites 78 

„ at the Anti-Parnellite Convention, 84 

„ Dictating to a Guardian, 84 

„ Bishop Nulty on Parnellites, 86 

Archbishop Logue on Catholic Unionists, 92 
,, Mr. Gladstone on, in 1885, 105 

Mr. Matthews, M.P., on, 113 
„ Beginning of the End, 113 

,, Ruined the " Freeman," 114 

,, " United Ireland " on Bishop Nulty, 116 

„ P. O'Brien, on Archbishop Walsh. 119 

,, Refuse to take Pledge of Parnellites, 1 19 

„ a Foretaste of the good times coming, 120 

„ Paying the Parliamentary Party, 124 

„ Assaulting a parishioner after Mass, 127 

„ Cardinal Logue and Catholic Laymen, 128 

,, Incendiary Speech by a Priest, 150 

,, Attacking Opponents at the Altar, 152, 272 

„ Archbishop Croke and Outrages, 160 

„ Father Burns and the "Belfast Evening- 

Telegraph," 193 
„ " Irish Independent " on Priestcraft u\ 

Politics, 19S 
,, Contrast between politics in England and 

Ireland, 199 
,, on Lord Salisbury, 201 

,, Bishop Nulty preaches of Peace, 215 

,, Chairman of a Land League Court, 217 

„ The Gospel of Hatred, 230, 358 

,, A voice from New Tipperary, 266 

,, Bishop Nulty draws in his horns, 272 

„ in West Mayo, 2S7 

,, The National Board, 300 

,, On the " Weekly Sun,'' 304 

„ The stigma of Illiteracy, 328 

,, The Meath Clergy again, 329 

„ Pulpit Politics in Cork, 342 

,, an ivy leaf and its consequences, 367 

,, Parnellites and, 376 

„ Priests and Illiterates, 401 

Primrose League, The Army and the, 19 

Process Server Assaulted, 94 

Protection under Home Rule, 94, 209 

Protection, Parnell on, 209 

Protestant Primate of Ireland on Home Rule, 94, 137 

Purchase Acts at work, 122, 149, 161, 189, 213, 225, 237, 252, 
265, 267, 273, 281, 401, 409 



Quebec and Ireland. Points of similarity, 1 13 

„ Education in, 232 

Queen, Irish Women's Memorial to, 292 
Queensland Premier, The, and Irish Home Rule 



328 



Rats, Dr. Tanner, "Evening Herald " on, 92 
Rebellion of '98, mis-statements, 311 

Recent Publications relating to Ireland, I, 33, 41^ 49, 73 
Redmond, Mr. John, M. P., on the Priest in Politics, 8 
„ at Trim, on the Priests, l5 

„ at Oldcastle, on Mr. Dillon, 18 

„ Mr. llealy on, 26 

„ on Mr. Dillon, 27 

,, Mr. Dillon on, 27 

„ and Finality, 319 

,, Speech on Third Reading, 320 

„ Speech on Policy of Party, 355 

,, at Cork on the Government, 37(1 

I, on One Man One Vote, 377 

,, an ex-Fenian Lectures, 377 

,, on the De Freyne Evictions, 391 

„ on the split Macs, 415 

Redmond, Mr. Wm., "The Harp without a Crown," 296 
Redmondites and the Fenians, 6 

,, as Priestly Jailers, 40 

,, Quarrel amongst themselves, 132 

,, Criticism of the " Freeman," 145 

„ and the Bill, 30S 

„ View of the amended Bill, 320 

,, Remarks on Morley and Dillon, 335 



INDEX. 



Jledmondites, Policy of, 354, 376 

„ on the War I'ath, 366 

„ copy a Liberal Resolution, 403 

„ and Mr. Morley's Speeches, 409 

Uosolution, a comprehensive, 8 
on Amnesty, 14, 44 

approving of assault on Mr. RI. J. Kenny, 48 
Extraordinary, passed by Guardians, 84 
ve ** Freeman ' management. National League, 91 
of Irish Congregationalists, I04 
of (iuaidians on Land, 124 314 
condemning Priest for assault. 127 
anti-Home Rule from Scotch Presbytery, 169 
Intimidating resolutions, 174, 238, 274, 314 
Federation on grabbing. 276 
of Redmondite Party, 308 
Return, a useful, 242 

,, Irish Land Commission, 267 
„ Government, of Intimidation and Outrages, 273 
Reviewing the Position, 347 
Reviews, Ireland in the, I. 33, 41, 73 
Revision Work in Clare, 3S3 
Revival of the Plan of Campaign, 83, 157, 295 
Rhodes, Mr. Cecil, his contributions to Nationalism. 58 

„ and Irish Representation, 210 

Ridgewaj-, Sir West, '' Freeman's Journal '' on, 12 

,. the shelving of, 414 

Rival Sets of Trustees, 382 
Robertson, Mr. Robert J., Q.C., Legal Opinion on Home 

Rule, 146, 15S 170-72, 179, 187, 200, 211 
Ross, Mr., Q C., M.I'., on Jerrj'mandered Schedules, 291 
*■ Rouse 3'e Ulster" Song, the Government and the author, 2IO 
Royal Pamily and Nationalists, 223. 296 
Royal Marriage, the Dublin Corporation and the, 197, 223 
Russell, Mr. T. W., M.P., "Where he keeps his hat," 6 

,, proves Mr. Morley's figures to be 

wrong in the Commons, 76 
,, on Quebec, 1 13, 152 

,, and Plan of Campaign, 157 

., Questions Mr. Gladstone r^ Ulster, 160 

,, on Canadian Home Rule, 1S4 

„ Case of Mr. Molony, 192 

on the De Freyne Evictions, 436 
,, on the 4th clause, 229 

,, Questions Mr. Morley, 23S, 240 

,, on Clare, 256 

,, at the Rotunda, 427 

Russell, Sir Charles, on Meath, 22 

,, on the Home Rule Pill and the retention 

of the Irish Members, 32 
,, " A Glance Backward," 296 
on Nationalist Vindictiveness, 353 
Extracts from "X." 428 
a consequence, 436 



Safeguards, Lord Houghton on, 215 

Sales under Land Purchase Act, 122, 149, 161, 189, 213, 252, 

265, 267, 273 
Salisbury, Lord, the Irish Commercial Deputation, 87 
,, an Irish Priest on, 20I 

,, on Irish Nationalist characteristics, 206 

,, changes places with Gladstone, 403 

Saunderson, Col., M.P., Question rt Outrages, 75 
„ Question as to ( "lare, 88 

,, and Mr. Dillon's Memory, 255 

,. on the New Tipperary Challenge, 272 

Savings Banks and the Bill, 242 
Scotch, the awakening. 180 
Separation, Burke on, 7 

Settlement under clause 13, Land Act of 1891, 97 
Sexton, Mr. Thomas, M.P., as a Financier, Mr. Healy on, 35 
„ Mr. Asquith's Pieply to, re Belfast 

Riots, 131 
„ Threatened Resignation of, 205 

,, and the Police, 422 

Shaw-Lefevre, Mr., M.P.. exposed, 367 
Shaw, Judge, on moonlighting, 139 

,, Late Thomas, M.P., his Will and Investments, 173 
Sheehan,J.D., M.P.,Lettershowingpowerof the Nationalists, 75 
Sheriff, High, Thrown in a Bog-hole, 442 



Ruxton, Mr 



SherifTs Bailiffs, rescue of cattle from, 442 
"Sligo Independent," extraordinary scenes at an election, 106 
Sligo, Intimidation near Ballymote, 370 
,, Nationalist Demonstration in, 194 
Smith-Barry, Mr., M.P., Presentation to, 272 
Spencer, Lord, on the Settlement of the Land Question, iSi 
Stand By, Mr. Morley and, 444 

,, Some facts concerning, 443 

Colonel Turner on the, 447 
Stanhope, Hon. Philip, M.P., and Coercion, 351 
Statistics, Local Taxation (Ireland) Returns for 1891, 7 

,, 1891. Education, Commissioners' Report, 23 

„ of Irish Drunkenness, 35, 218 

,, of Crime, Mr. Morley's proved incorrect, 47 

„ of Land Commission, 55. 211. 225, 267 

„ of Fall in Irish .Securities, 57, 68, 80, 305 

,, shewing effect of Jerrymandered Schedules, 60 

,, of Emigration, 76, 105, 124 

,, of Crime in Clare, 88 

,, of Outrages, 136 

,, of Sales under Land Purchase Acts, 122, 149 161, 
189, 213,225, 237, 273, 281 

,, of Irish Excise, 173,218 

,, of Glebe Land (Ireland^, 211 

„ of National Debt, 242 

,, of Crimes .\ct, '87. Divisions, 249 

,, of Crime, (lovernment Return, 273 

,. of Grants in aid of Local Rates, 320 

,. of Crops and Live Stock, 329 

,, of Evicted Tenants' Fund, 379 

Stockport. " Freeman's Journal " and " Daily News," 70 
Suggestion, a Logical, 345 



Tables, the, turned, 403 

Tanner, Dr., M.P., " Evening Herald " on, 48, 92 
„ "Rats,'' 92 

,, and Mr. Morley in the House, 289 

Taxpayers and Patriots, 224 
Tay Pay, Hard upon, 289 
Tenants (Irish), how they are fooled, 312 
Things the Irish Unionist Alliance has done, 173 
Threatening Language, 139 

,, Resolutions, 174, 1S3 

Tipperary Wreckers, Canon Doyle on, 1 7 
,, Boycotting in, go 

,, Intimidation in, 174 

,, New, a voice from. 266 

,1 New, Presentation to Mr. Smith-Barry, 272 

,, Evicted Cottagers Bound to the Peace, 283 

,, Land in, 361 

Tralee, attack on Parnellite Band, 298 

„ LTse of the knife in, 298 
Treacy, Rev., the Union Jack the Symbol of Slaverj', 213 
Triangular 'View of Home Rule, a. 120 
Trinity College under Home Rule, 5, 247 
Turner, Colonel, and the Government, 400 

,, on the Nemesis of Hypocrisy, 447 

Two Irish Orators, 43 1 
Tyrone, Supposed Incendiarism in, 183 
„ Nationalist Intolerance in, 337 



Ulster, the exclusion of North-East, 160 
Ulster's Opposition to Home Rule justified, 140 
„ must not fly the Union Jack, 188 
„ Lawlessness in, 314 
„ Liberal Unionist As.sociation, 323 
„ Banquet to Duke of Devonshire, 400 
Union Jack and Irish Nationalism, 213 
„ cut down in Killarnej-. 189 

„ "Referee," Lines on .Morley's Action, i 5S 

Union, The, Irish Petition in favour, 17, 99, 105 
„ Pitt's Speech on, 74 

„ Twelve Years After, 81 

„ Act of Repudiated, 327 

„ of Hearts on both sides of the C hannel, 450 

Unionist Leaders, Commercial Deputation to, 87 

„ Members of Dublin Corporation, 446 
Unionism (Irish), Exposition of, 404 



INDEX. 



Unionists, " Irish Catholic " on. 76 
II a ParneUite on, 206 

,1 CathoHc, Archbishop Logue on, 92 

,1 „ objections to Home Rule, 94 

II ,, Threatened for signing Petitions, 99 

11 I. Keply to Cardinal Logue, 100 

,1 Women of Galway, 288 

11 Distinguished Irish, 322 

,1 Monaghan Women's Association, 352 

" United Ireland" on Castle Government, 2 

II attacks Mr. Curran for Inquiry into Phoenix 

Park Murders, 16 
Epithets towards Mr. Balfour in 18S8, 46 
,1 Attacks Resident Magistrates, 60 

,, on " Will Ulster Fight," 1 1 1 

,1 on Bishop Nulty, 1 16 

,1 on Archbishop Walsh, 1 19 

•I has a song, " God Bless the Fenians, " 129 

1, on the Priests, 152 

II on Dillon, and folly of violent speeches, 237 

11 on Freedom of DebatCi 313, 237 

,1 on the Seceders' Quarrels, 324 

„ and Mr. Asquith re Fetherstone, 345 

„ on the De Freyne Prosecutions, 393 



Veto, the, Mr. Flynn (anti-Parnellite) on, 375 
Viceroy, Lord Houghton on Safeguards, 215 

His visit to the West and the Nationalists, 21 ^ 
and Political Addresses, 242, 250 
"Why?' 247 

Political Addresses to on tour, 250 
" What we want is Mr. Balfour, 281 
Victoria, the Irish Party in, 104 



WallacBi Mr., M.P., on the 4th Clause, 228 
Walsh, Archbishop, on Mr. Morley, 3 

,1 on Irish Drunkenness, 35 

,, and Freemasons, 49 

I, and the " Freeman," 83 

11 Patrick O'Brien on, 119 

I, a Heartless Landlord, 297 

Waterford, Marquis of, on Home Rule, 372 

„ Board of Guardians and Amnesty, 374 

Webb, Judge, on the state of Donegal, 370 

„ Mr. Alfred, prefers England to Ireland, 404 
" Weekly Sun," a Priest on the, 304 
Wesleyans, attack on bj' Patrick Ford, 80 
Wexford Hunt, stopping the, 418 

„ Seat, Mr. W. M. Murphy refuses, 392 
„ Convention, statement by Mr. Barry, 347 
„ An error of ^63,000 only, 354 
When Doctors DilTer, " Daily News " and Sir C. Russell, 32 
Where is Truth ? Evicted Tenants, 380 
Why ? Lord Houghton at Killybegs, 247 
Wicklow, Lord Chief Justice on League Law, 274 
Wolfe Tone, Theobald, on Imperial Question, 4, lo 
Women's Unionist Alliance, Galway, 288 
„ of Ireland and Home Rule, 2gl 
,, Unionist Association, Monaghan, 352 
" World," Unmannerly anti-Parnellites in Parliament, 186 



" X,' Extracts from, 428, 432 



Yearning for the Day, 209 

Young Ireland League and Fenians, 425 



NOTES FROM IRELAND 

*^* A Record of the sayings and doings of the Home Rule Parties in the furtherance of their " Separatist" Policy 
for Ireland ; and of facts connected with the country. For the information of the Imperial Parliament., the Press, 
and the Public generally. 



No. 1. — Vol. 1. — New Series. 



r-m JANUARY, 1893. 



Price Id. 



Ciontcnts. page 

Rkcent Publications Relating to Ikeland — Ikelaxd 
IX THE January Reviews — The Land Makket — 
Some Parnellites on the Explosion ... .. ... 1 

Bishop NuLTr'.s Three P.'s— An Awful Coincidence ... 2 
Archbishop Walsh and Mh. John Morlev — Mb. Davitt 

as a Prophet ... 3 

Theobald Wolfe Tone on Imperial Questions ... 4 

A Diurnal — Trinity College under Home Rule ... 5 

Where Mr. Russell wears his Hat — Fenians and the 
Army of Independence —" Captain Moonlight" 
in Kerry ... ... — ... ... ... ... 6 

Blue Books and Parliamentary Papers — Ireland 

UNDER Mr Morley — Burke on Separation ... 7 

The Priest in Politics— A Comprehensive Resolution - 

A Seat FOR Mr. Davitt 8 



RECENT PUBLICATIONS RELATING 
TO IRELAND. 



Le 



Caron (Major H.) "Twenty-five years 
in the Secret Service ; the recollec- 
tions of a spy." Tost Svo, 306 pages. 
14s. Heinemann & Co. 

Lecky (W. E. H.) ''A History of Ireland in 
the Eighteenth Century." Five Volumes. 
Post Svo. 30s. Longmans, Green & Co. 

IRELAND IN THE JANUARY 
REVIE WS. 



Nineteenth Century. '• The Priest in Politics." By 

Mr. Michael Davitt. 
Fortnightly Review. " The South Meath Election." 

By Mr. J. E. Redmond, M.P. 
Con temporary Review. '' The Financial Aspect of 

Home Pule." By Mr. J. J. Clancy, M.P. 
New Review. " Scotland's Revolt against Borne Rule." 

By Mr. R. Wallace, M.P. " Ireland's Reply." 

By Mr. J. E. Redmond, M.P. 



THE LAND MARKET 



Within the last few days a farm of land, situate within 
a few miles of a market town in North Tipperary, was 
sold under the Land Act. The area of the farm is 30 
acres. Irish judicial rent, ^i"] 2s. 4d., and the gross 
poor-law valuation, ^18 15s. The amount paid by 
ike purchaser to the former tenant icas ^400, nearly 
232 years' purchase.— Dublin Mail, 31st December, 
1S92. 

9n 



SOME PARNELLITES ON THE 
EXPLOSION. 



Mr. Alex. Blane, Ex-M.P. for South Armagh 
(Parnellite), speaking at a meeting of the " Army 
of Independence" held at Drumcondra, on the 
30th of December, 1892, said : — 

There had been a sort of explosion in Dublin, and 
that was, it was said to be an e.vcuse to the Government 
for refusing to release John Daly and the t!rossmaglen 
prisoners. Some people should say that he should 
denounce the e.xplosion, but he would do nothing of 
the sort, and he would assist the Government in no 
way. Their party had nothing to do with the explosion, 
and they would not stand before the world in white 
sheets with regard to it. — IrishTimes, 31st December, 
1892. 



At a meeting of the Corporation of the City 
of Limerick upon the consideration of a motion 
condemning the Exchange Court outrage, 

Town Councillor Michael Donnelly, Parnellite, said 
he dissented from the proposition. There was no man 
living more against outrage than what he was, and 
though he might be in a minority, he could not help 
asking, what circumstances had overtaken the Irish 
people that they should become, in a certain sense, 
felon-setters for Dublin Castle. He had no intention 
of depreciating any man's view in this matter, but at 
the same his own humble opinion was that the outrage 
in Dublin might have been committed for the set pur- 
pose of injuring the Irish cause. They had in Dublin 
a paid body of men known as the '• G " Division, who 
were the pohtical spies of the British Government from 
time immemorial, and therefore why could not those 
men find out who it was that had perpetrated this 
crime and have the offenders punished. It was no 
part of the duty of the Irish people to be so anxious in 
this matter. Some people might have received favours 
from Dubhn Castle, but the Irish people as a nation 
had received nothing from that institution for which 
they could be grateful. He thought it would be better 
to wait a liitle time before showing any extraordinary 
gratitude to an institution which was founded for a 
purpose and had long continued in its career of 
villification of the Irish people. He for one disagreed 
with the resolution, however much he regretted the 
outrage. — Irish Times, 3rd January, 1893. 



yOTES FROM IRELAND. 



BISHOP NULTY'S THREE P.S. 



Paganism, Parneli.ism, and Protestaxtis.nj. 

The now Celebrated Pastoral of the Most Rev. 
Dr. Nulty, Catholic Bishop of Meath, is a 
. document of portentous length, and many of the 
gems with which it is beset are on this account 
likely to be overlooked. The following may be 
commended to the attention of English and 
Scotch Nonconformists. 

Speaking of Pag'aiiisi/i, the Most Rev. Prelate 
says : — • 

" Paganism did its very utmost tiirough a cruel, and 
inhuman, and a bloody persecution of loo years 
daration to extirpate and stamp out of existence what 
it regarded as the aggressive and execrable superstition 
of Christianity." 

Having given this description of Paganism, 
Dr. Nulty goes on to deal with Protestantism : — 

"English Protestantism did the %'ery same thing in this 
country, and during practically the same protracted 
period. The blunt, brutal, and savage expedient 
employed in either case to realise this infamous design 
was to murder and martyr in hecatombs the Popes, 
bishops, priests, and religious who preached the Gospels 
and propagated the doctrines of Catholicity among the 
people. If the preaching of the Gospel was purely the 
work of man and not principally the work of God these 
savage persecutions would undoubtedly have extin- 
guished and stopped it.'' 

These denunciations of Paganism and 
Protestantism were only by way of leading up to 
Parnellis7ii of which the Bishop says : — 

" Now, Parnellism, like Paganism, impedes, 
obstructs, and cripples the efficiency, and blights the 
fruitfulness of the preaching of the Gospel and the 
diffusion of that Divine knowledge without which our 
people cannot be saved." 

Of these three forces — equally objectionable in 
the bishop's eyes — Parnellism was the only one 
that was a power in Meath, and neither Dr. Nulty 
nor his clergy spared any effort to extirpate from 
their midst, what they considered such a source 
of danger. It has often been urged that in the 
event of Home Rule, the Catholic Church might 
look upon Protestantism as it now looks upon 
Parnellism and treat it accordingly. Dr. Nulty 's 
pastoral does much to clear the air of hypothesis. 
His opinions at any rate are clearly enough 
defined. 



AN AWFUL COINCIDENCE. 



When in reference to the Dublin dynamite outrage I 
remarked (says the Sheffield Telegraph), the other day 
that history repeats itself I was not at the moment 
aw.ire of one of the most awful coincidences between 
the circumstances of the crime of 1882 and that of 
1892. The coincidence I now mention is the coinci- 
dence of words followed by deeds. In recapitulating 
the circumstances and quoting from the .speeches I do 
not impute anything to any of Mr. Gladstone's present 
allies, except this, that knowing by past experience how 
swiftly and savagely words have been translated into 
deeds, they should have been particularly careful to 
moderate their language so as to give no colour of 
■ excuse to the men of dynamite. My first point is the 
brutally frank admission of James Carey that the mur- 
der of Lord Frederick Cavendish and Mr. Burke in 
Phoeni.x Park took place on May 6th after certain 
articles had appeared in the Freeman s [ounial and 
United Ireland on May 2nd and 4th respectively. 
This is what Carey said in evidence on 19th February, 
1883. Question, "When did you resolve upon the 
assassination of Mr. Burke ? " Carey's answer, " After 
I had seen an article in the Freeman's Joinnal in 
reference to the Government officials of Dublin Castle. 
This article appeared on the 2nd May, and the order 
was issued to kill Mr. Burke on 3rd May, the day 
following." 

WHAT THE TWO PAPERS SAID. 

The article in the Freeman's Journal of May 2, 
1882, contained the following passages : — " The 
present change of Viceroys ought to foreshadow a 
thorough change in the administrative force here, and 
that there ought to be a clean sweep out of all the 
miserable deputies of deputies of deputies' (to use an 
expression of Lord Chesterfield's) who h.ave brought 
about the unfortunate condition to which Ireland has 
lapsed." Again, '■ Surely the Augean stable would not 
have been cleansed by the removal of an external 
grazier. It is inside the administration that the miasma 
lies, and it is inside that the sanitation must be per- 
fected." And more to the same effect. United Ireland 
of the issue dated May 6, but actually sold to the pub- 
lic on May 4, contained the following : — " The toads 
are the gang of alien officials who nestle in the snug- 
geries of the Castle like as many asps in the bosom 
of the country. Down with the whole bundle of rot- 
tenness and imposture." And in the same number of 
United Ireland: — "The rats in the Castle cellars had 
better beware of rat-traps ; the vermin are going to 
have a bad time of it." The murder of Lord Frederick 
Cavendish and Mr. Burke took place two days after. 

TEN YEARS ELAPSED. 

Ten years have elapsed, and I find two leading 
Natio)ialist agitators using demands for the clearing 
out of the Castle, which demands are followed by a 
dynamite outrage under the window of Mr. Mcrley's 
library, unhappily resulting in the murder of a clever 
and respected detective. My quotation from Mr. 
Justin M'Carthy's article in the Neiv Review for 
November is the more strangely coincident in that it 



XOTES FIi03I IRELAND^ 



borrows the actual language used by the Freeman 
ten years ago. Mr. M-Carthy wrote : " To our mind 
the Casde form of Government is an Augean stable, 
and we want to have it cleaned first of all." Mr. 
William O'Brien likewise, in his article in the Fort- 
nightly Revicii' for November, asks in reference to the 
Castle officials, "' \Vh)- not purge the public service then 
of such servants ? Is not the work of ' clearing out ' the 
Castle the very job Mr. Morley has come to per- 
form?" These two unfortunate allusions, remarkably 
reminiscent of the voice of the Freeman and the voice 
of United Ireland \n 1SS2, have been followed by a 
crime not less diabolical in its intention than that 
which swept away Lord F. Cavendish and Mr. Burke. 
I daresay Mr. .M'Carthy and Mr. O'Brien are now 
heartily sorry for their foolish words, but is it not time 
that they learned discretion in the use of language 
which rasher men seize on ? 



ARCHBISHOP WALSH AND MR. 
JOHN MORLBY. 



In Notes from Ireland of the 24th December, 1892, 
an extract was published from Mr. John Morley's 
" Life of Rousseau," in which he bitterly attacks the 
Roman Catholic Church. When .Mr. Morley in 1886 
first became Chief Secretary for Ireland, his appoint- 
ment was the subject of very hostile comment on the 
part of Dr. Walsh. As the Archbishop of Dublin is 
now the head of the clerical faction upon which Mr. 
Gladstone is dependent for his majority and his tenure 
of office, it may be interesting to reproduce the speech 
delivered by his Grace. It was made before the Irish 
National Foresters and was reported in the Ireemans 
Journal of the 5th February, 1886. "I have also to 
thank you," said Dr. Walsh, " for the expression of 
your filial devotion to our Holy Father, Pope Leo 
XIII. You speak of his Holiness as a patron of learn- 
ing. I feel assured, then, that you will not be slow to 
speak out, if it should unhappily become necessary — • 
but I trust it may not — for the CathoHc people in this 
city and diocese to do so, in protest against the insult 
that has recently been put upon us as Catholics by a 
prominent public man, a gentleman who is now about 
to take up his residence amongst us as the working 
chief of that section of the new ministry which is to be 
specially charged with the administration of Irish 
affairs, and with the solution of that which is known as 
the Irish difficulty. I know nothing personally of our 
new Chief Secretary. I cannot but appreciate and 
make public recogni*-ion of the kindly spirit which 
never fails to inspire his speeches and his writings upon 
the purely political aspect of those great questions of 
the day in which we, as Irishmen, take so deep and 
personal an interest. But within the last few hours 
there has come into my hands an essay of his, just 
issued from the press. It is the leading paper in the 
February number of one of the leading periodicals, the 
Fortnightly Revieio, and it shows us that, while on other 
grounds we may have reason, as in truth, \\& have the 
best reason, in the special circumstances of the case, 
to greet with no unstinted welcome the appointment of 



Mr. Morley for the special work that it will be allotted 
to him to do, his appointment, nevertheless, as Chief 
Secretary for Ireland, is one that in almost any other 
possible combination of circuiiistanccs should be protested 
against — emphatically and loudly protested against — 
by every Irishman who sets store by the preservation 
of the faith of our Cliristian and Catholic people." 



MR. DAVITT AS A PROPHET. 



In a letter dated " Ballybrack, Ireland, 6th 
October, 1892," addressed to the Melbourne 
Advocate, and published by that journal, Mr. 
Michael Davitt states : — 

Mr. Asquith, the Home Secretary, is at present on 
a visit to Mr. John Morley, at the Chief Secretary's 
Lodge. / have some reason for believing that the visit 
has something to do with the question of the release of 
political prisoners. This subject has occupied the 
constant attention of the chairman and committee of 
the Irish Parliamentary Party since the close of I he last 
session of Parliament. Representations have been 
made to the Home Secretary, strongly urging an 
Amnesty to the men now in prison who were tried on 
a charge of treason-felony. Some of those men were 
clearly the victims of unscrupulous agents of the Secret 
.Service, characters of the stamp and antecedents of 
" Red Jim" M'Dermott, and whose conviction was 
secured by most questionable means. Th'ise few who 
were proved more or less guilty of contemplating 
dynamite outrage were arrested and tried in a tune of 
great excitement and much public prejudice, and, as 
they have now undergone ten years of a terrible 
punishment, and there is no longer the remotest fear of 
a recrudescence of any such insane political methods as 
those for the alleged employment of which these 
unfortunate men were tried and condenned, // can 
serve no useful purpose in the interests of either law or 
order to keep John Daly and his companions any longer 
incarcerated. 

The Daily N'eivs of December 19th, shattered 
Mr. Davitt's prophecy, by declarinij— " No cool 
and sagacious observer would contend that a 
general release of dynamiters was desirable, or 
even possible at the present moment." This, 
evidently official, reply to the recent agitation 
for the release of John Daly and other dynamite 
convicts, was followed, on December 24th, by 
recrudescence of those methods no longer feared- 
by Mr. Davitt. 



JSfOTES 1*11031 litELAyrii. 



THEOBALD WOLFE TONE O iJ 
IMPERIAL QUESTIONS. 



Wn'th-n sp-cially for " Not' s from Ireland." 



Mr. Glapptone has informed us that it was not uni.il 
■he was verging on So years of age that he began to 
^study the history of the country which he had governed 
for so many years. There is a chapter in that history 
which may have escaped him, and which' we should 
like now to bring under his notice, as well as under 
that of the electors of Great Britain and Ireland. It 
is contained in a pamphlet by Theobald Wolfe Tone, 
published in 1790. The pamphlet is addressed to the 
members of both houses of Parliament ; it is headetl 
"Spanish Wak," and is entitled ''An Enquiry how 
far Ireland is bound of right to embark in the impend- 
ing contest on the side of Great Britain." 

The mention of Wolfe Tone brings forcibly before 
our minds 'he fact that the experiment of Home Rule, 
wb'ch some are so anxious to try, apparently as a 
coiinsel of despair, is no new one ; that, in the form 
of Grattan's Parliament it had a brief existence, that 
it culminated in the open Rebellion of 1798, and two 
years later in tlie Act of Union. 

i'erhaps of all those who took part in that unhappy 
rebellion there was no more honest enthusiast or abler 
•man than Wolfe Tone. If, then, we would trace the 
■causes that produced a rebellion at a time when Ire- 
land had her own parliament, we cannot do better 
Ihan seek them in the writings of Wolfe Tone himself. 
Unhappily Ireland had at that lime but too many solid 
grounds for dissatisfaction, all of which have since 
been removed. These, of course, had their weight, 
and to these one would have expected that the com- 
plaints of the patriot would have been confined ; not 
so, however. His position in the pamphlet we are 
about to notice is that in Imperial Questions — 
notably, in the question of peace or war — Ireland 
should exercise an entirely independent judgment, 
regardless of the interests or honour of the rest of the 
empire, and should refuse to contribute either men or 
money to any war in which England might be involved 
unless it appeared that Ireland, separately, was likely 
to benefit by the results of that war. 

The occasion of the pamphlet was the seizure b}- 
Spain of certain vessels sailing under the British flag. 
In it the author declares the question to be " Whetheil 
Ireland be of right bound to support a war 

DECLARED BY THE KiNG OF GRE.\T BRITAIN ON MOTIVES 

AND INTERESTS PURELY BRITISH." He remarks that, 
" In this transaction the probability is that Spain is in 
the wrong, and England is acting with no more than 
a becoming spirit ; but the question with us is not who 
is wrong and who is right Removed a hemis- 
phere from the scene of action, unconnected with the 
interests in question, debarred from the gain of the 
commerce, what has Ireland to demand her inter- 
ference more than if the debate arose between tlie 
Emperor of Japan and the King of Corea ? " 

He proceeds to consider the question on three 
grounds : " As a question of strict right, as a question 
of expediency, and as a question of moral obligation ; " 
and on all three he urges the Irish Parliament to 
refuse to pass the Mutiny Act, or to supply their quota 



of the necessary funds. As what he says on the 
question of right is weighty, and not very long, we 
copy it in exfcnso. 

" The present is a question of too much importance 
to both countries to be left unsettled ; but though it be 
of great weight and moment indeed, I do not appre - 
hend it to be of great difficulty. The matter of right 
lies in a nutshell, turning on two principles, which no 
man will, I hope, pretend to deny. First, that the 
Croivn of Ireland is an Imperial Crown, and her legis- 
lature separate and independent ; and, secondly, that 
the prerogative of the Crown and the constitution and 
powers of parliament are the same here as in Great 
Britain. 

" It is undoubtedly the king's royal prerogative to 
declare war against any power it may please him to 
quarrel with ; and when proclamation is made here to 
that effect, I admit we are then engaged, just as the 
people of England are, in similar circumstances. But 
as we have here a free and independent parliament, it 
is undoubtedly their privilege to grant or withhold the 
supplies ; and if they peremptorily refuse them and 
the Mutiny Act, I know not how an army is to be 
paid or governed without proceeding to means not 
to be thought on. It follows, therefore, that the 
parliament of Ireland have a kind of negative 
voice in the question of war and peace, exactly simi- 
lar to that of the English parliament. If, then, they 
have this deliberative power they are no further bound 
to support a war than the English Parliament is, which 
may, undoubtedly, compel peace at any time by post- 
poning the Money and Mutiny Bills. They are, 
therefore, not bound to support any war until they 
have previously approved and adopted it. The King 
of Ireland may declare the war, but it is the parliament 
only that can carry it on. If this be so, it follows 
very clearly tliat we a;e not, more than England, ipso 
facto, committed merely by the declaration of war of 
our own king ; and, a fortiori, much less are we com- 
mitted, by his declaration, as King of Great Britain, 
when our interest is endamaged, and the quarrel and 
the profit are purely English. 

" If the Parliament of England address His Majesty 
for war, and, in consequence, war be proclaimed ; if 
we are at once, without our consent, perhaps against 
our will and our interest, engaged, and our parliament 
bound to support that war in pursuance of that 
address, then I say the independence of Ireland is 
sacrificed, we are bound by the act of the British 
Parliament, and the charter of our liberties is waste 
paper. To talk of the independence of a country, 
and yet deny her a negative voice in a question of 
no less import to her well-being than that of peace or 
war, is impudent nonsense. But I hope and trust 
no man at this day will be so hardy as to advance 
such an assertion, or to deny that our parliament is 
co-ordinate with that of England, and equally com- 
petent to the regulation of all our domestic concerns 
and foreign interests, with similar powers of assent 
and refusal, and if so, with equal right to receive or 
reject a war." 

As to the expediency he argues, probably quite 
correctly, that, separately Ireland had nothing to gain 
directly from the results of the war, on the contrary, 
that, as she had a considerable trade with Spain, a war 
with that country would probably effect a certain 



}f^OTES FROM IRELAXD. 



A DIURNAL 

OP EVENTS RELATING TO IRELAND. 



January 1. — The following articles re- 
lating to Ireland appear in the January 
Reviews : — Niitctemlh Century. "The 
Priest in Politics." By Mr. Michael 
Davitt. Forlnighlly Review. "The South 
Meath Election." I'y Mr. J. E. Redmond, 
M.P. Coittempei'Liry Review. "The Finan- 
cial Aspect of Home Rule." By Mr. J. J. 
Clancy, M.P. Neii^ Re:'iew. "Scotland's 
Revolt against Home Rule." By Mr. R. 
Wallace, M.P. "Ireland's Reply." By 
Mr. J. E. Redmond, M.P. 

— Meeting at Newcastle-on-Tyne 
in connection with the Anniversary 
of the Irish Literary Institute. Mr, 
T. M. Healy, M.P. (North Louth), 
speaking of the explosion at Dublin 
Castle on the 24th December said 
that secret societies in Ireland \ve:c 
deliberately — if not fostered, at lertst 
tolerated under the government of Mr. 
Balfour. Mr, Healy also referred at 
considerable length to the Meath Elec- 
tion Petitions, and the question of cleri- 
cal influence. Referring to the Konie 
Rule Bill, Mr. Healy dwelt principally 
upon the financial aspects of the ques- 
tion, scouting the idea that Mr. Glad- 
stone's calculation of Ireland's contribu- 
tion to the Imperial Exchequer as 
one-fifteenth of the whole was at all 
an adequate solution of that branch of 
the question, and insisting upon any 
proposed measure of Home Rule hand- 
ing over the Police, Justiciary, and the 
Land Question to the control of an Irish 
Parliament. Mr. Charles Diamond, M.P. 
(North Monaghan), said that the compact 
of the Irish Nationalists with the Liberal 
Party of England should be maintained 
as long as the latter stood by that 
alliance. They would have to prove to 
the Liberal Party that if they gave them 
assistance in winning Home Rule, they, 
on the other hand, were willing to carry 
out the reforms the Liberal Party 
wanted. Mr. John Barry, M.P, (South 
Wexford), also addressed the meeting. 

— Home Rule Meeting at Ardcastle. 
County Meath, addressed by Mr. T. D- 
SuUivan, M.P. (West Donegal); Mr. M. 
J. Kenny, M.P. (Mid Tyrone); and Mr. 
P. Fulham (.VI. P. for South Meath, un- 
seated on petition). The Rev. Joseph 



Carey, P.P., presided. The speeches had 
mainly reference to the recent election 
petition for South Meath. 

— Home Rule Meeting at Longwood, 
Co, Meath. The Very Kev. T. Lassidy, 
P. 1'., presided, and several priests whose 
names were mentioned in the course of 
the South .Meath Election petition were 
present upon the platform. Mr. David 
Sheehy, W.P. (South Galway) ; Mr. D. 
Crilly, M.P. (North Mayo); Mr. P, J. 
Kennedy, M.P. (North Kildare) ; The 
Very Rev. Father Behan, P.P., Trim; and 
TheVery Rev. Father Fay, P. P., Summer- 
hill, were amongst the speakers. 

2. For the first time since iSSi a 
Protestant was elected Lord .Mayor of 
Dublin. The Lord Mayor procession 
attended for first time for several years 
by militaiy. 

— Several public bodies denounce 
the explosion in Exchange Court, by which 
Detective Synnott was killed. At the 
Limerick Corporation, where a similar 
resolution was passed. Councillor Don- 
nelly, (Parnellite), dissented. 

3.— Mr. M'Adam, agent to Col. O'Cal- 
laghan, Bodyke, Co. Clare, fired at. 

— A man named M'Carthy stabbed 
to death, and his brother dangerously 
wounded, while returning from a funeral 
at Lahan, near Cahirciveen, Co. Kerry. 
The aggressors wore two brothers named 
O'Shea. 

4. — Conclusion of a series of articles 
in the Times entitled " What Home Rule 
Means." 

— Sir Richard Webster, M.P.. spoke at 
East Cowes. He dealt principally with 
question of priestly interference in Irish 
Elections, and criticised the retention of 
the Irish members at Westminster under 
a scheme of Home Ru'e. 

— Evicted Tenants' Commission sat at 
Dublin, and concluded hearing evidence. 
Mr. John Dillon, il. P., stated on examina- 
tion that total sum received in aid of the 
Plan of Campaign amounted to ^^234, 431 
14s. Sd. The expenditure under various 
headings was as follows: — Grants to 
tenants and maintenauce,^i27,4i9iis.7d; 



legal expenses in defending tenants, 
;^i 1,435 143. lod; building and repairing 
houses for the evicted tenants, /50,6o7 
gs. yd ; miscellaneous expenses (including 
travelling expenses) ^{,17,035 5s. gd ; de- 
posits returned to tenants, ;^30,o67 i6s. id.; 
grants to aid the tenants in effecting 
settlements, £1,0^1 15s. gd. ; and the 
balance was made up of grants to isolated 
tenants not belonging to the movement. 
An examination of the figures, however, 
shows clearly that Mr. Dillon is inaccu- 
rate or that his evidence has been misre- 
ported. Mr. Athol J. Dudgeon, late agent 
on the Massareene estate, also gave 
evidence. Referring to the new tenants, 
or "planters," Sir James Mathew agreed 
with Mr. Dudgeon's description of them 
as a fine body of men. 

— Meeting at Belfast under auspices 
of Young Ireland Society. Mr. C. A. V. 
Conybeare, M.P. (Camborne), and Mr. 
Thomas Lou^h, M.P. (West Islington), 
addressed the meeting, Another speaker 
(Dr. Johnstone, barrister) stated that the 
outrage at Exchange Court was com- 
mitted by Unionists. 

— Mr. T. W. Russell, M.P. (South 
Tyrone), addressed a public meeting at 
Montreal, the capital of the province of 
Quebec. Mr. Russellsaid that in Quebec 
they had Home Rule with the Catholic 
Church as the Supreme Christian institu- 
tion, and as a political machine. One 
Quebec, he declared, was enough in the . 
Nineteenth Century. 

5. — A private inquiry under the E-x- 
plosives Act commenced in Dublin into 
the circumstances of Exchange Court 
explosion. 

— Article in " Seolsman " from Mr. T. 
W. Russell, M.P. (South Tyrone), dated 
Montreal, 23rd December, on Canadian 
Government as applied to a solution of 
the Home Rule Question. In Mr. 
Russell's opinion Canadian Institutions 
afford no aid whatever. The feeling in 
Canada is that the Parliament system 
there has been overdone. There are 
eight Legislatures fur 5,000,000 people, 
and already proposals are being enter- 
tained by the three Maritime Provinces 
for an amalgamation of their Legislatures. 



amount of material injury to her. He winds up this 
point in the following words : " If, therefore, _ we 
embark in this war it is not in support o(ot/r immediate 
particular interest ; on the contrary, it is evident we 
shall be very considerable losers by the most 
prosperous issue. The principle of expediency, 
therefore, must be given up." 

TRINITY COLLEGE UNDER 
HOME RULE. 



Speakino at National Convention, isth November, 
held at Antient Concert Rooms, Dublin, Father 
M'Cartan went on to say that though they would not 



discuss the Home Rule Bill, for it was not yet before 
them, he would suggest that before Mr. Gladstone 
and his Cabinet finally fashioned out that bill now 
was the time for everyone that was able to influence 
them in any way to tiy and have the Bill made such a 
bill as Ireland could cordially accept. He claimed 
that there should be no restriction in the Home Rule 
Bill which would prevent an Irish Parliament from 
levelling up the Catholics of Ireland to an equality 
with Protestants. Was the Home Rule BiU to con- 
tinue the large endowments to Trinity College ?-^ 
Daily Independent., i6th November; 1892. 



XOTES FB03r UtELAXD. 



WHERE MR. RUSSELL WEARS 
HIS HAT. 



Apropos of Mr T. W. Russell's visit to 
Canada, we clip the following from a Canadian 
paper:— 

Russell of Tyrone is doubly welcome, inasmuch as 
he keeps his hat on his head or in his hand instead of 
passing it round as is the custom of his eloquent 
fellow-countryman. — Evening Tdegyain (Toronto), 
loth December, 1892. 



FENIANS AND THE ARMY 
OP INDEPENDENCE. 



The following is from the columns of the Kerry 
Weekly Reporter of December 24th, 1892 : — 
Causeway, Sunday. 

A meeting of the Independent Nationalists was 
held to-day at the residence of William Fenix for tlie 
purpose of forming a branch of Ireland's Army of 
Independence. Mr. Thomas Donnelly, P.L.G., 
occupied the chair. Also present — Messrs. Wm. 
O'Connell, Thomas Dee, W. Fenix, P. Dee, P. 
Savage, E. Somers, R. Dissette, M. Casey, David 
Lawlor, Patt Lawlor, Maurice Lawlor, D. Sullivan, 
M. Costelloe, C. Carmody, T. Regan, D. Halloran, 
P. Moriarty, &c. 

The chairman explained the object of the meeting. 

The following resolution was proposed by Mr. W. 
O'Connell, seconded by Mr. W. Fenix, and unani- 
mously passed : — " That we hereby pledge ourselves 
to support the new organization called Ireland's Array 
of Independence in order to keep the National prin- 
ciples of our dead Chief ever before the people, whom 
he loved ; and we hereby give in our names for enrol- 
ment, and we appeal to every man, young and old, to 
hereby form into line and thus strengthen the National 
ranks."' 

Proposed by Mr. Thomas Dee, seconded by Mr. 
Patrick Savage : — " That we believe that no measure 
of Home Rule will be satisfactory to the Irish people 
so long as the political prisoners are confined in 
English dungeons." 

Mr. T. Dee read a letter from the Tralee Young 
Ireland Society urging on the work of organization, 
which was highly approved of. 

After distributing a good number of medals and 
enrolling some new members, the meeting adjourned 
until the ist January, 1893, when the election of 
officers will take place for the ensuing year. 

This report is interesting from the fact that the 
meeting was "bossed," to quote Mr. Michael 
Davitt's word, by men well known to Kerry 



" Patriotism," and goes to show the class of 
recruits that are being enrolled in Mr. Redmond's 
grand army of Independence. 

Who is Mr. VViLLlAM Fenix the chairman ? 
James Buckley, of Causeway, Co. Kerry, in his 
evidence before the Parnell Commission, and in 
reply to Sir Henry James, swore — William Fenix 
was a " Sergeant " in the Fenian Brotherhood 
(Buckley was a member himself), William Fenix 
was the leader of a party of eleven disguised men, 
armed with scythes and pitchforks, Fenix having 
a revolver, who attacked the house of a man 
named Thomas Sheehy, of Causeway. (Buckley 
was also one of the number). At a meeting in 
June, 1882, at Patrick Dee's house it was 
arranged to shoot a man named Roche, and a 
night fixed for the event. E. Fitzgerald, Buckley 
and William Fenix arranged to carry out the 
murder. Fenix was a member of the Causeway 
Branch of the Land League at the time. 

Maurice Lawlor was one of the party of 
eleven under Fenix who attacked Sheehy's house. 

Patrick Dee and R. Dissette were 
members of the Fenian Brotherhood and the 
Causeway Land League. 

Thomas Dee was arrested as a suspect and 
kept in jail by Mr. Gladstone's Government in 
1882. — See " Evidence Parnell Commission," 
Vol. III., pages 365-76. 



•CAPTAIN MOONLIGHT" IN 
KERRY. 



The following is a copy of a " Notice " which 
was posted up in three or four places near the 
village of Dromartin, North Kerry, on New 
Year's Day : — 

" Enright and Mulvihill, take notice that if you work 
any more for C n, the perjuring, bankrupt, grass- 
grazing thief, till he gives up Mrs. Rickey's farm of 
Dromartin, the ears will be cut off ye, like Jack 
Enright's ass ; so, take notice, the public is watching 
ye, so ye wont escape. 

"(Signed), Captain Moonlight." 

A somewhat similar " Notice " was put up in 
the same neighbourhood in October last, threat- 
ening Mr. C n himself, which the readers of 

Notes from Ireland of October 1892, may 
remember. 



XOTES FBOM IJiET,AXI>. 



BLUE BOOKS AND PARliAMENTARY PAPERS. 



Local Taxation Ireland (Returns) for 1S91. 

[C— OS02.] Price 5d. 

The following are extracts from the more im- 
portant Tables in this Return : — 

GROSS TOTAL LOCAL TAXATION, 1882 TO 1892. 



Year. 


AirouNT. 


Year. 


Amount. 


1S82 
1S83 
1SS4 
18S5 
iS«6 


3o34i679 
3,778,315 
3,788,940 
3,621,120 
3,492,672 


1887 
1888 
1SS9 
1890 
1891 


3.540.103 
3-575i4/2 
3,663,207 
3,559.093 
3-503,519 



EXPENDITURE OF (iRAXD JUKIES. 

Roads and bridges, ... 

Maintenance of lanatic a=ylunis, 

Miscellaneous,... 

Salaries of County officers, ... 

Prison expenses. 

In discharge of debt : — 

To Government ... ^72,040 

To others than Govern- 
ment, 5,131 



I 


Per cent 


.6g;j,44o 
.143.862 
.215,364 
.100082 


50-19 
10-32 

i5'45 
7-18 


. 21,981 


1-58 



Public charities : — 

Infirmaries and hospitals, &c., . 
E.\tra police ... 
Valuation 
Erection and repairs of Court and 

Sessions houses,... 
Police for weights and measures, . 

Total, 



77>I7I 

65,919 

45,807 

8,000 

12,437 
3,566 



5'54 



j^i, 393,629 100 



ESPENDITtjRE OF TOWN AUTHORITIES. 

Expenditure. Per 

Total cent. 
Payments in respect of borrowed money, 

and expenditure unclassed, ... .£565,533 44-43 

Water supply ... ... ... ... 160,123 12-58 

Paving and repairs of streets ... ... 127,230 9-99 

County charges paid out of Grand Jury 

cess by Town Councils, and charges 

paid in aid of Grand Jury cess, ... 89,323 7-02 

Building, Demolition of walls, &c., ... 57,269 4-5 

Lighting, including lamps, pipes, &r., ... 62,681 492 
Making sewers or drains, and o'.her 

sanitary objects 103,573 S-14 

Cleansing and watering streets,... ... 90,162 7-08 

Watching, ... ... 17,066 1-34 

Total expenditure, 1,272,960 100 



EXPENDITURE OF POOR LAW BOARDS. 

In-Maintenance, ... ... ... ^370,042 

OiU-Relief, ... ... ... 198,838 

Maintenance of Blind and Deaf and Dumb 
in institutions and cost of relief in extern 

hospitals, ... ... ... 13,568 

Salaries and rations of officer.^, ... 140,546 

Emigration expenses ... ... 1,100 

All other Poor Relief expenses, ... 147,330 

Total Poor Relief Expenditure, 871,424 



Medical Charities, Vaccination, atid D.s- 
pensary Houses Acts, 

Acts for Registration of Births, Deaths, and 
Marriages, 

Sanitary Acts, 

Burial Grounds Acts, 

Superannuation Acts 

Contagious Diseases (Animals) Acts, 

Payment under National School Teachers 
Act, 

Labourers Acts, ... 

Parliamentary Voters, Jurors, and Explo- 
sives Acts, 

Repayment of Loans 

Total Expenditure ... 



^166333 



174 
34; 
985 
508 
S39 



455 
310 



.jCM05,305 



ANALYSIS OF RECEIPTS OF ALL LOCAL AUTHORITIES. 

£ Per cent. 

Rates on real pro- 
perty produced, 2,776,021 or 79.24 of the total amo ;nt. 

Tolls,Fees, Stamps 
and Dues pro- 
duced, 462,917 „ 13-21 „ „ 

Other receipts, ... 264,581 „ 7-55 „ „ 



Total, ....£3.503-5'9 



IRELAND UJSfDBR MR. MORLBY. 



Malicious Burning of Hay. — On the night of 
Christmas Eve, a rick of hay, containing — according to 
the information of the owner — some fourteen tons, 
belonging to a man named Timothy Hegarty, was 
burned down at Mount Gabriel, near SchuU, Co. Cork. 
How the fire originated it is difficult to say, and even 
impossible to conjecture. Considering the great 
dampness which prevailed for some time back, the 
public at large are incredulous as to the alleged malice. 
Hegarty and his brother-in-law had some dispute, 
however, some time ago, when he (Hegarty) and his 
wife were arrested and tried for the larceny of the 
brother-in-law's cattle. He has lodged a claim for 
some ;^5o compensation for mahcious injury. — Cork 
Herald, 29th December, 1S92. 



BTJRKE ON SEPARATION. 



" Gre.\t Britain would be ruined by the separation 
of Ireland ; but as there are degrees even in ruin, it 
would fall the most heavily on Ireland. By such a 
separation Ireland would be the most comjilctely un- 
"done country in the world ; the most wretched, the 
most distracted, and, in the end, the most desolate 
part of the habitable globe, l.ittle do many people in 
Ireland consid er how much of its prosperity has been 
owing to, and still depends upon, its intimate connec- 
tion with this Kingdom." 

[Leckys " England in the Eighteenth Century," 
vol. vii., p. 399. E.xtracted from '' Prior's Life of 
Burke," vol. if. p. 393.] 



NOTES FROM I Ji ELAND. 



THE PRIEST IN POLITICS. 



MR. kettle's statement. 

In a letter published in the Dai/y Independent 
of December 30th Mr. Andrew J. Kettle de- 
clares : — 

Although the law of the land has emphatically con- 
demned the policy of Dr. Nulty and the Meath 
priests, yet Dr. Nulty's pastoral is still the clerical law 
in Meath. We have also been told boastingly by the 
lawyers who acted for the clergy in the Election 
Petitions that the clergy will have to be reckoned with 
at the next Parliamentary contest. 

Besides, we must not forget that the whole Catholic 
hierarchy took up the same pohtical position as Dr. 
Nulty at the general election against what they called 
political faction, and many priests in other parts of 
Ireland pushed their spiritual authority just as far as 
the priests in Meath. 

MR. REDMONDS VIEWS. 

Mr. John Redmond, M.P., in the FortmgJitly 
Revieiv for January writes : — 

What happened in Soulh Meath happened in every 
election in the South and West of Ireland. Mr. Justice 
O'Brien in his judgment, spoke of Mr. Fulham, the 
anti-Parnellite candidate, as being the agent, and the 
priests as being the principals in the election. 
This is a perfectly accurate description of the state of 
things in most constituencies at the General Election. 
The anti-ParnelHte party won seventy-one seats. A 
very large proportion of their candidates were men 
completely unknown in the National movement and com- 
plete strangers to the constituencies. Were it not for the 
action of the priests, such men would not have polled 
as many hundreds as they actually polled thousands. 
Had the priests stood aside, Mr. Parnell would have 
won Kilkenny and carried the entire country. Had 
they held aloof at the General Election, we would 
with the utmost ease have carried more than fifty 
seats. Had thev even abstained from the kind of 
electioneering disclosed in South Meath, and con- 
tented themselves with using their legitimate influence 
as citizens, we would have trebled our numbers. The 
South Meath election is simply a sample of what went 
on all over the country. 

MR. DAVITT ON THE SUBJECT. 

" The Priest in Politics " is the title of Mr. 
Michael Davitt's contribution to the current 
number of the Nineteenth Century. The 
ex-Member for North Meath says: — 

The priest who has not identified himself with the 
Irish people's cause, social or national, wields little, if 
any, political influence over the Irish peasant. It is in 
proportion to the active labours of the priesthood in the 
work of winning a National Parliament or in obtaining a 
beneficial change in the land laws or in defending them 
from the oppression and injustice of the landlords — it is 
in the performance of these extra sacerdotal labours for 
the social welfare of their flocks where lies the gieat and 
well-merited influence of the Irish priest. 

We are delighted, says the Dublin Echo, to have 
this admission on sucli high authority. The argument 
of Irish Loyalists ahvays has been that the priest in 



Ireland was the politician. The answer to this was 
invariably the same, viz — O'Connell's saying about 
taking religion from Rome, but politics from home., 
Mr. Davitt has, we hope, finally exploded this anti- 
quated fiction. 



A COMPHEHENSIVB RESOLUTION. 



Messrs. John H. Joyce and A. E. Lewin, of the 
Oughterard Union, certainly have earned a niche of 
fame in the history of their country. Messrs. Joyce 
and Lewin, with the assistance of the other Oughterard 
Guardians, " resolved unanimously" as follows : — 

'"That in view of the widespread distress existing in all 
parts of Ireland owing to the low prices obtainable for 
(arm stock and depression in agricultural produce, which 
lieretofoie was the chief sources from which the people 
of Ireland derived their means of living, we humbly 
request the Gladstonian Administration to pay all the 
poor rates assessed upon the different Unions in Ireland 
lor the current year ; aUo to supply sutficient money to 
develope the mineral resources of the country and pro- 
mote the planting of trees in suitable places, thereby to 
give employment to those who need it, who are willing 
and able to work, but unable to find it. That copies of 
this resolution be sent to Mr. Gladstone, Mr Morley, to 
all the Unions in Ireland, and published in the principal 
Irish papers." 

Here indeed we should have the " Rule of Peace " 
-—and plenty, if not the " Dawn of Freedom." To 
accomplish Messrs. Joyce and Lewin's wishes that 
dreadful Saxon connection would have to be main- 
tained, for British gold alone could serve their purpose. 
In a Home Ruled Ireland rates and taxes would be 
required to keep up the dignity of the gentlemen in 
College Green. — Dubhn Echo, 2Sth December, 1892. 



A SEAT FOR MR. DAVITT. 



The Parliamentary Division of North-East Cork (says 
the Dublin Echo), which is at present unrepresented 
owing to Mr. W. O'Brien's double return there and in 
Cork City, has made its choice of a new member. 
I'he Mitchelstown Board of Guardians have done the 
" selecting." After an original motion, which started 
by condemning Mr. Pierce Mahony and the Parnellite 
electors of Meath for having " insulted " Mr. Davitt, 
had been lost, an atnendnient, proposed by a Mr. 
Walsh— who thought that they " should leave the 
Meath people alone " — to the following effect was 
carried : — 

That we recommend Mr. Michael Davitt, the fearless 
champion of all down-trodden people, as a suitable 
candidate to represent North-East Cork in Parliament. — 
Cork Herald, 31st December, 1S92. 

Mr. Davitt will, we hope, '• remember Mitchels- 
town," and qualify to accept their generous offer. 



NOTES FROM IRELAND 

•^* A Record of the sayings and doings of the Home Rule Parties in the furtherance of tlicir " Separatist" Policy 
for Ireland : and of facts connected with tlie country. For tlie information of the Imperial Parliament^ the Press, 
and the Public srcnerally. 



No. 2.— Vol. 1.— New Series. Hth JANUARV, 1893. 



Price Id. 



©onteitte. p 

The Land M.^rket — Trial bt Jury in Kerry — The 

Evicted and the Funds 

Theobald Wolke Tone on Impekial Questions — Mr. 

Dillon M.P., and the Tottenham Estate 
The Meath Vacancies— The Value ok Nationalist 

Assurances — The Curtin Tragedy: A Sequel ... 
Miss Gonne's Census-'Mr. Harrington and the 

Gladstonians— Stradbally in In.su RRECTiON !- Sir 

West Ridgeway 

A Diurnal 

Amnesty— Ruling Ireland According to Irish Ideas 
Rent Collecting in Clare — The Nationalists and the 

Dynamite Outrage 

Ireland Under Mr. Morley - Should the Priests 

Again Succeed 



THE LAND MARKET. 



On Friday, 30th December, Messrs. Moore and 
Sweeny, auctioneers, put up for sale the tenant's 
interest in a small farm of land situate in the townland 
of Ballinacarrick, distant a mile from Ballyshannon, 
containing about ten acres, and held under William 
Atkinson, Esq., at the yearly (judicial) rent of ^10. 
After some brisk bidding Mr. \V. Forde was declared 
the purchaser for the sum of ;£^2 54, together with 
auctioneers' fees. — Irish Times, 2nd January, 1893. 



TRIAL BY JURY IN KERRY. 



The Quarter Sessions for the Killarney Division 
of Kerry was opened at Killarney on January 
3rd before County Court Judge Shaw, Q.C. 

William Casey, a young man of the labouring class, 
was indicted for having, on the loth of October last, 
stolen ;£^ii 8s., the property of a navvy named Denis 
Collins. He pleaded not guilty, and was defended 
by Mr. W. P. T. M'Carthy. The evidence for the 
prosecution was to the effect that the prisoner and 
("ollins were workers on the Caherciveen Railway, and 
on the night of the day in question they slept in one 
of the railway huts. Collins had ;^ii 8s. in a purse 
in his vest, and this was made up of eighteen half- 
sovereigns, two single notes, and four two-sh'Uing 
pieces. He missed his money ne.\t morning and re- 
ported his loss to the police, who subsequently ques- 
tioned the prisoner about the matter. Prisoner said 
he found the purse outside the door, and not kno^^^ng 
the owner did not know what to do, He took it 



away with him and hid it under a stone for safety. 
He pointed out where it was, and the police found 
the money intact with the exception of the-four two- 
shilling pieces. 

'J"he jury, after some deliberation, were unable to 
agree, and the foreman so informed the court. - 

His Honor said he did not think they wrre fit to be 
jurors at all, and it ivis a farce to be sitting there 
trying, prisoners, and administering the law in a clear 
case where there 'was not a shadoio of a doubt, if furors 
did not do their duty. What was the country to come 
to if sensible and intelligent men would not do their 
duty when called upon to administer the laws cf the 
realm 1 He directed the jury to again retire. 

This they did, and returning later on, the foreman 
said there was no chance of their agreeing. 

His Honor then ordered their discharge, and 
directed that the prisoner should be put back for the 
purpose of a second trial. — Kerry Evening Post, 4th 
January, 1893. 



THE EVICTED AND THE FUNDS. 



A MEETING of the Evicted Tenants' Association 
was held at Cork on December 31st. Mr. F. T. 
Murphy presided. 

Mr. M. Downing said that he wrote to Mr. Dillon 
about a week ago to ask for a grant, but had got no 
reply as yet. There was money collected in his 
parish — Grenagh — and sent to the Federtion Fund, 
but though there were 2,000 acres of evic ed land in 
the parish, not a tenant got a penny for th ; past two 
years. His advice to evicted tenanis was that every 
one of them should apply for a grant and expose the 
matter if refused. (Hear, hear.) 

Mr. James O'Connor said that Mr. Ki''-'ride could 
get ^300 as an M.P. and £^200 a year a< an evicted 
tenant, and those who wanted grants badly r;ot nothing 
at all. 

Mr. Sheehy said that Mr. Kilbride wn . a pet of 
William O'Brien s, which accounted for le matter. 
There was a rumour abroad that the mone ,■ collected 
in the tenants' name was devoted to electi n petition 
and other Federation purposes. The sooner this 
matter was cleared up the belter. 

Mr. James O'Connor said that the best way to 
dispel such a rumour was to publish the names of 
those who got grants, as was done before, (Hear,' 
bear.) — Evening Herald, 2nd January, i8i;,. 



NOTES FItOM IRELAND. 



THEOBALD WOLPB TONE ON 
IMPERIAL QUESTIONS. 



Written specially for " Notes from Ireland.'^ 



We now come to the ground of moral obligation, 
and Tone treats this under three heads. " Tlie good 
of the Empire, the honour of the British flag, and the 
protection which England affords us." Examining 
these seriatim, he first defines the empire thus, 
" I beheve it is understood to mean the Kingdom of 
Great Britain and Ireland with independent legislatures, 
united under one head. But this union of the 
Executive does by no means, to my apprehension, 
imply so complete a union of power or of interest, 
that an injury, or a benefit to one, is an injury or a 
benefit to the other; on the contrary, the present 
emergency shows that occasions may arise wherein the 
direct opposite is the fact. It is not two kingdoms 
being united under one head that involves, as a 
necessary consequence, a unity of resentment." "The 
good of the Empire," he argues, " consists of the good 
of all the parts : but, in our case, the good of one 
part is renounced, to establish the good of the other." 
He, therefore, scoffs at the idea of Ireland being 
called upon to make sacrifices for the good of the 
Empire. In the same way he repudiates all interest 
in the honour of the British flag. •' Where," he asks, 
" is the national flag of Ireland ? " Under the last 
head, he argues, with less lucidity, that, if England 
protects us, it is because she first made that protection 
necessary. 

It is but justice to Wolfe Tone to say that he was 
prepared to take the consequences of the policy which 
he advocated— of the possible withdrawal of the pro- 
tection of her flag by Great Britain he writes — "I 
answer let her do so. Everything is beneficial to 
Ireland that throws us on our own strength. . . . 
Then should we have what, under the present system, 
we shall never see, a national flag, and spirit to 
maintain it. If we then fought and bled we should 
not feel the wound, when we turned our eyes to the 
harp, waving proudly over the ocean." 

'Ihere were the aspirations which were born of 
Home Rule in 1790 ; and if, hke the Grand Old Man, 
we may learn from history, these are the sentiments 
that are likely to be produced by Home Rule in 
1 900, should England, neglecting the warnings of the 
past, be so mad as to concede that fatal gift. 

It may be urged on the other side, that in 1790 
there was no Imperial Body, such as is now proposed, 
to take charge of Imperial interests ; but this instead 
of solving the question appears only to intensify the 
difficulty. The claim is, that Ireland should not only 
have an absolute power of veto in imperial questions, 
but ought to exercise that power, without regard to any 
interests but her own ; and how is this to be brought 
about in an assembly where her representatives will be 
only as one to five ? 

Of course there is a converse to the picture. If 
Ireland is to hold aloof from England's quarrels, if 
each is to have and to defend her own flag, England 
can have no further concern in protecting Ireland ; 



and so, if Ireland got entangled in a quarrel with 
some strong power, if, for instance, the Spaniards were 
to seize an Irish, as they did a British, vessel ; we 
should then have the not very edifying spectacle of 
England looking on with folded arms, while a foreign 
power coerced Ireland into compliance ; the latter, 
meanwhile, consoling herself for her whipping, by 
turning her eye to the harp waving proudly over the 
ocean. 

This is, however, a side issue. The main lesson 
which we seek to point out as belonging to this study 
of '\\'olfe Tone is the hopelessness of granting autonomy 
to Ireland, while reserving from her parliament the 
consideration and determination of imperial questions. 



MR. DILLOiV, MP., AND THE 
TOTTENHAM ESTATE. 



The following letter has been forwarded to the Editor 
of the Freeman s Journal and National Press : — 

New Ross, 5th January, 1893. 

Sir, — I see in your issue of this day a report of 
evidence given by Mr. J. Dillon, M.P., before the 
Evicted '1 enants' Commissioners. I take your own 
description of it, as "remarkable and valuable evi- 
dence ; " therefore, it is important that it should be 
strictly accurate with regard to particulars of grants to 
or for the benefit of tenants. Referring to the 'I'ot- 
tenham estate, in the barony of Shelburne, Mr. Dillon 
states that he succeeded in effecting a settlement, 
and — " I aided them by giving them a grant from 
our National Fund to enable them to build their 
houses, &c. That was a considerable amount." 
Further on he stated — " I got a free grant of, I think, 
^250, to aid them in effecting that settlement, and 
I left it entirely in the hands of the body of the 
tenants." I have reason to know a good deal about 
this case. I never heard of such a grant having 
been given. Canon Doyle, Mr. J. Cummins, Mr. II. 
A. M'Neill and I made an appeal through Mr. John 
Barry, M.P., to the trustees or committee of the 
National Fund (after Mr. Dillon had refused a grant), 
to enable the tenants to pay down a year's rent in 
discharge of arrears and costs. Mr. Uarry wrote that 
the committee would give us ^270 for the purpose, 
after some time. Then we found it necessary to raise 
;^3oo in the National Bank, because the evicted 
tenants were unable to make up more than ^£270 odd. 
That promise is not yet fulfilled — the grant has not 
been made so far as I know ; and only a week ago 
Canon Doyle, Mr. Cummins, and I were obliged to 
give a renewal of the original promissory note' to the 
National Bank, for about ;£,3io, including interest. 
Now, if the grant was made, who got it ? 'i his is, you 
will admit, a rather important question, because the 
nature of the transaction I have just mentioned is 
known to a large number of people throughout the 
County Wexford. 

Kindly publish this note and thereby obUge — 
Yours truly, P. A. Popk. 

— From People of Wexford, Anti-Parnellite paper, 
7th January, 1893. 



KOTES FROM IRELAy^D. 



11' 



THE MBATH VACANCIES. 



The clergy of the County Mcath are again pre- 
paring for the coming electoral fray. The recent 
exposures at Trim Courthouse have in no way 
diminished their unconquerable patriotisin, to 
quote the Iris /i Catholic. On Sunday, January 
1st, a meeting was held at Ardcath, in South 
Meath. Mr. T. D. Sullivan, M.P., Mr. M.J. Kenny, 
M.P., and the unseated Mr. F'uUam, represented 
the " Irish Party." The Rev. Joseph Carey, P.P., 
took the chair, and he was supported by ten 
brother clergymen. Mr. Sullivan and Mr. Kenny 
addressed the meeting at length. 

Mr. P. FuUara, who was received with great 
enthusiasm, next addressed the meeting, and declared 
that in the coming contests in North and South Meath 
the Nationalist Party would carry the fight into every 
town and hamlet in the county. 

At same time another meeting was held at 
Longwood, also in South Meath, about fi\c miles 
from tnfield. Mr. David Shcehy, M.P., Mr. 
Crilly, M.P., and Mr. P. J. Kennedy, M.P., were 
present. The Very Rev. Father (Jassidy, P.P., 
took the chair, and seventeen clerg) men were 
also present. The rev. chairman said : — 

They had assembled there that day to inaugurate, 
and he hoped to successfully inaugurate, their pre- 
parations for another election in Meath. (Cheers.) 
They came there to fight over again, imth more deter- 
mination than ever, tlie battle of July last. (Cheers.) 

Mr. Sheehy declared : — 

It was well now to take time by the forelock, and to 
make no doubt that the coining struggle ioould be as 
bitterly and as fiercely fought as that of the last year. 

The Very Kev. Pather P"ay, P.P. [who was 
committed for contempt in connection with 
South Mcath petition] addressed the gathering. 

He urged the people to work at the coming elections 
with renewed energy, and secure the return by an over- 
whelming majority of a fitting successor to Patrick 
FuUam. — Freeman s Journal, 2nd January, iSgj. 



On Friday, January 6th, a meeting was held 
at Oldcastle, in the Northern Division of the 
county. Mr. Davitt, owing to illness, was not 
present. Mr. Fullam, ex-M.P., was present. 
The Rev. Laurence Crehan, P.P., was moved to 
the chair, and was supported by eight clergy- 
men. A series of resolutions were duly pro- 
posed and seconded. Mr. P'uUam addressed the 
meeting. He was followed by the Rev. John 
Boylan, P.P., who declared : — 

Whilst t!ie Irish priests shall stand upon the altar 
and preach the faith that the Apostles preached two 
thousand years ago, and that martyrs sealed with their 
blood, whilst tenth one hand he shall build up his 
school, his church, atid his convent, and administer t/ie 
sacraments to his flock, lie shall with the other unite 
luith the people in beating back the enemies of Ireland. 
(Cheers.) . . . fJe hoped that all Ireland would have 
reason to be proud of the County Meath after the 
coming election, when it would triumphantly return to 



Parliament two National candidates ; but let them 
remember that the coward who hides his head at 
home and does not record his vote is a traitor to his 
most sacred trust, and as great a traitor to the Irish 
cause as the man who records his vote in favour of 
tyranny and the destruction of the natural and in- 
herent rights of Irishmen. (Cheers.) 

The Rev. John Curry, P.P., also spoke. He.said: 
They (the clergy) felt that they were the persons 
alone who could keep them together at present, and 
lead them to victory, and, therefore, he said they 
would be traitors to their country if they abandoned 
the people to their enemies in this supreme crisis. 
(Cheers.) Let thein, at the Convention, select whom 
they pleased, and the priests of Meath would carry him 
to victory. (Cheers.) — Freeman! s Journal, 7th January, 
1893- ^ 

THE VALUJfl OP NATIONALIST 
ASSURANCES. 



The following letter has been addressed by Mr. 
Wm. Johnston, M.P., to the Diily Express : — 

Sir, — Since the Down District Lunatic Asylum was 
established 1 have been a member of the Board, having 
been placed thereon in 1868 by Mr. Gladstone's 
Government. Ballykilbeg is three miles fr.jm Down- 
patrick. and I attended regularly when not occupied with 
Parliamentary or other engagements. Roma,. Catholics, 
as well as Protestants, sought recommendadons from 
me for the positions of attendants in the Asylum, and 
the Board dealt impartially in all cases — at least two 
Roman Catholics being appointed on my ttstimony. 

1 am informed that 1 am not on the list ct governors 
for 1693. Expecting that the Board wc.ld meet as 
usual, on the first ^aturday of the month. I was in 
Downpatrick a couple of days before, read}" to attend 
when summoned. 

Nationalists have flatteringly said that I would be 
appreciated in their new Home Rule Parliament — 
when they get it. The present Government think that 
even lunatics are too precious to be commiited to my 
care. — Your obedient servant, William Johnston. 

1 ith Jan., 1893. — Daily Express, 12th January, 1893. 



THE CURTIN TRAGEDY: A SEQUEL. 



A LABOURER named Bryan Sullivan has met with a 
shocking death at MolahilTe, County Kerry. The 
unhappy man, while drunk on Christmas Eve, was 
placed in bed. During the night, however, he wandered 
to the kitchen fireplace and fell asleep on the hearth. 
His clothes caught fire, and he was literally roasted to 
death before his cries for help awakened the other 
inmates. The deceased was in the employment of 
Mr. Uaniel Curtin, of Castlefarm, at the time when he 
was murdered for having refused to give up his 
firearms to a band of .vloonlighters. Sullivan was one 
of the men who were in the kitchen when the 
i\Ioonlighters entered, and who meekly comphed with 
their orders to turn his face to the wall, a position 
which he and the other labourers maintained while 
Mr. Curtin, with his sons and daughters were bravely 
struggling for their Uves. — Cork Constitution^ 31st 
December, 1892, 



IS 



KOTES FROM IRELAND. 



MTSS GONNfi'S CENSUS. 



Miss Maud Gonne is just now in France col- 
lecting subscriptions for Irish persons who are 
in distress. Aliss Gonne has written a long 
letter to UEchir, from which we clip the follow- 
ing as a specimen of her facts and her style : — 

Au siecle dernier, nous c'tions douze millions, la 
politique anglaise nous avait reduits i neuf millions au 
commencement de ce siecle. Aujourd'hui, nous ne 
sommes plus que quatre millions et demi d'lrlandais 
en Irelande. Notre sol est pave de tombes ; notre 
histoire est remplie de deuils ; mais, dans cette longue 
agonie, nos cosurs n'ont pas flechi : nous n'avons capi- 
tule ni devant la force, ni devant la misere. Notre 
obstination est eternelle. 

Of course any statements as to the population 
before i8 1 3 are purely conjectural.but no authority 
(except Miss Gonne) places it at 12,000,000 at 
any time in the last century. .At the commence- 
ment of the last century, the population was 
estimated at less than 2,000,000. About the 
middle of the century it was supposed to have 
risen to 2,370,000. Bush in 178S estimated it at 
4,000,000. A calculation founded on a return 
presented to Parliament in 1792, placed it at 
4,206,612. Gordon estimated it in 1798 as nearer 
4,000,000 than 5,000,000, and Whitley Stokes,who 
at one time joined the United Irishmen, estimated 
in 1799 at 4,500,000 (not 9,000,000 as Miss 
Gonne has it). Newenham, who wrote on the 
subject, gave it as his opinion that the population 
had risen to 5,395,430 in 1805. (See Lecky's 
" Ireland in the i8th Century," vols. I. and V.) A 
rather imperfect attempt at a census taken in 1 8 1 3 
placed the population at that period at 5,937,852. 
The first accurat.; censusof the country was taken 
in 1 82 1 when the population was ascertained to 
be 6,801,827. This rose to 7,767,401 in iS3i,and 
to 8,175,124 in 1841. It is hard to doubt when 
such a charmingpolitician endeavours toconvince, 
but in face of the figures just quoted, by which it 
appears that the population gradually increased 
for a period of fifty years after the union, notwith- 
standing the iniquity of la politique anglaise, an 
ordinary mortal fails to follow the fair politician's 
argument. 



MR. HARRINGTON AND THE 
GLADSTONIANS. 



Mr. T. M. Harrington, M.P., is very sceptical 
of the professing English Home Rulers. He 
sees that they will require to be pressed, and is 
arranging to carry out the process. Speaking at 
National League on 3rd January he declared ; — 

But what I would warn our friends throughout the 
country against is this, that we have not to look so 
much to the character of the measure as to the deter- 
mination of the Liberal Government to pass that mea- 



sure through. (Hear, hear.) There is a crux and 
there is a difficulty that while a fairly liberal measure 
may be passed, while a fairly corrvplcte measure to jus- 
tify die feelings of Mr. Ciladstone may be introduced 
into the next meeting of Parliament, there may he at 
the same time no determination on t/ie part of tlie Liberals 
without pressure being applied to them from Ireland to 
pass that measure into law. It is in that view especially 
that I would call upon our friends to be prepared and 
to be vigilant, and to have their organisation in such a 
condition that as soon as the opportunity comes they 
should be able to avail of it. — Independent, 4th January, 
1893. 



STRADBALLY IN INSURRECTION! 



At a meeting of the Athy Board of Guardians, 
held 2 1st December, 1892, the following incident 
occurred : — 

A STRADBALLY BRIGAND. 

The Chairman brought under the notice of the 
board the case of a nurse child named Maher, living 
with a woman named Ryan, at Stradbally. About 
five weeks ago an order was made that the boy, o;i 
account of his not attending school, should be brought 
into the workhouse. 

Mr. Mooney said he could not catch the boy ; the 
only way was to take him in bed. He was up early 
and off to the hills with a number of other boys, and 
they lived there until late at night amongst the goats. 
(Laughter.) 

The Clerk said if Maher was a highwayman he could 
not be worse. (Laughter.) 

The Chairman said Mr. Mooney should be at the 
loss of the relief given to the woman since the order 
was made that the boy should be brought into the 
house. 

Mr. Mooney — What can I do ? I cannot catch the 
boy. 

Chairman — Can't you swear an information and get 
him arrested ? 

j\lr. Mooney — Have I a right to do so ? 

Mr. Hickey — If you have a soul to be saved you 
should look after this terrible boy. Stradbally must 
be in a state of insurrection when such a state of things 
exist. The present Government will be put out over 
it. I am astonished at the two local guardians. 
(Laughter.) 

Clerk — It is unparalleled ! 

Mr. Hickey — There is nothing in ancient or modern 
history to compare with it. (Laughter.) 



SIR WEST RIDGEWAY. 



The departure of Sir West Ridgeway to Morocco 
is thus referred to by the leadmg clerical daily. 
The Freeinaiis Journal of January 7th states : — 

We are glad to congratulate Sir West Ridgeway on 
his appointment to a six months' mission to Morocco. 
Our congratulations would be all the warmer and 
more sincere if the appointment were permanent, and 
if Sir Wi.'iam Kaye could also be provided with a 
pericaanent mission sufficiently far away. 



NOTES FROM IRELAND. 



13 



A DIURNAL 

OF EVENTS RELATING TO IRELAND. 



January 6. — Meeting of Purchasers 
under Ashbourne Acts at Tralee. Reso- 
lutions passed asking that the time for 
repayment of instahnents should be ex- 
tended from 49 years (the maximum 
under the Acts) to 73^ years. Although 
this extension is equal to half the maxi- 
mum hitherto allowed, the reduction in 
the amount of the annual instalment 
could not amount to more than 15 per 
cent., a fact probably overlooked or not 
understood by those who considered and 
passed the resolution referred to. 

— Convention of Parnellites held at 
Trim to select candidates for the vacant 
seats in North and South Aleath. Mr 
T. Harrington, M.P. (Harbour Division, 
Dublin), presided, and Mr. J. E. Redmond, 
M.P. (Waterford), aad several ex-mem- 
bers were present. Messrs. Mahony and 
Dalton again selected to contest North 
and South Meath respectively. 

7. — Order of Judges O'Brien and 
Andrews in the South Meath Petition 
filed. They report that the corrupt 
practice of undue influence by spiritual 
intimidation extensively prevailed, but 
they differed as to reportmg the names 
of persons guilty of corrupt practices. 

— Fermoy Board of Guardians pass 
resolution requesting Mr. il. Davitt to 
become candidate lor Parliamentary re- 
presentation of North-East Cork Divi- 
sion. 

— District of Jjodyke in disturbed con- 
dition, roadways made impassable, and 
caretakers threatened and assaulted. 
Police protection at first refused to 
them ; but subsequently granted. 

— Middleton Board of Guardians pass 
resolution calling upon Mr. Morley to 
obtain extension uf the statutable period 
for the payment of loans under the Land 
Acts of 1870 and 18S1. 

— Six months' leave of absence 
granted to the Under-Secretary for Ire- 
land, Colonel the Right Hon. Sir Joseph 
West Ridgevvay, in order to enable hiin 
to proceed on a special mission to the 
Sultan of Morocco at Tangier. Sir West 
Ridgeway, who was appointed to the 
Under-Secretaryship of Ireland in i8b6, 
previously served with great disiinctioii 
in India and Afghanistan. He acted as 
Assistant Commissioner, under Sir Peter 
Lumsden, in the very important work ol 
the deUmitation of the Afghan frontier, 
and on the retirement of that othcial, Sir 
West Ridgeway was appointed Chief 
Commissioner, and acted throughout the 
remainder of the negotiations in that 
capacity. 

— Deputation, consisting of Messrs. 
John Dillon, M.P. (East Mayo) ; Wm. 
O'Brien, M.P. (North-East Cork) ; I;. 
Crilly, M.P. (North Mayo) ; J. Deasy, 
M.P. (^W est Alayo), and others waited 
upon the Chief Secretary, Mr. John 
Morley, with the object of extending to 
Ireland certain provisions of the Scotch 
Crofters' Act, by which landlords should 
be compelled to sell available land for 



the purpose of enlargement of small 
holdings, and suggesting a limit of twelve 
years' purchase of the annual rent as 
compensation. Mr. Morley, in replying, 
sympathised with the object of the de- 
putation, but regretted that he could hold 
out no hope of being able to effect an 
amendment of the law in the direction 
indicated during the next session of 
Parliament. 

— Sir Robert Hamilton, Governor of 
Tasmania, formerly Under-Secretary for 
Ireland, arrived in London, having been 
brought home to assist the Government 
in the preparation and passage of the 
Home Rule Bill. 

9. — Appointment of Mr. David Harrell, 
C.B., Commissioner Dublin Metropolitan 
Police, announced as Acting Under- 
Secretary for Ireland during absence of 
Sir West Ridgeway. Mr. Harrell, who 
was born in 1S41, served as an ofticer of 
the Royal Irish Constabulary from 1839 
to 1879, was a Resident Magistrate from 
1879 to 1883, when he was appointed 
Chief Commissioner of the Dublin Police. 

— Appointment of Messrs. C. T. Red- 
ington, r. A. Dickson, and Alderman 
Joseph Meade as Members of the Irish 
Privy Council. Mr. Redington is a land- 
owner in County Galway, and a Member 
of the Evicted Tenants' Commission, 
He took part in the Morley-Ripon de- 
monstration in Dublin in 1S88, and has 
spoken on several occasions in England 
on behalf of the Home Rule policy of 
Mr. Gladstone. Mr. T. A. Dickson was 
hrst returned to Parliament in 1874 as 
Member for the Borough of Dungannon 
(disfranchised under the Reform Bill of 
18S3). Mr. Dickson was subsequently 
elected in 1880, but unseated on petition. 
Mr. Dickson successfully contested 
Tyrone as a Liberal in 18S1, defeating 
the Rev. Harold Kylett, Mr. Parnell's 
nominee. At the General Election of 
18S5 Mr. Dickson's name was mentioned 
as the candidate for South Tyrone in 
opposition to Mr. Wilham O'Brien, but 
he actually contested (unsuccessfully) 
Mid-Antrim against the Hon. R. T. 
O'Neill. In 1S86 he was also an unsuc- 
cessful candidate for Mid-Armagh and 
Govan Division of Lanarkshire. In 188S 
Mr. Dickson was returned (now as a 
Home Ruler) at a bye-election for 
the St. Steptien's Green Division of 
Dublin. At the General Election of 1892 
Mr. Dickson endeavoured to wrest the 
representation of South Tyrone from Mr, 
T. V^. Russell, but was for the fourth 
time unsuccessful, Mr. Russell retaining 
the seat by an increased majority. Mr. 
Dickson was one of the founders and 
directors of the Natioiuil Press, and also 
for a short time a director of the Freeman's 
Journal after its amalgamation with the 
Press. Mr. Dickson is now a follower of 
Mr. M'Carthy. Mr. Joseph M. Meade 
is an Alderman of the City of Dublin, of 
which he was Lord Mayor for two years, 
i8gi and 1892. Mr. Meade received the 
honorary degree of LL.D. during the 



Trinity College Tercentenary celebra- 
tions. He unsuccessfully contested the 
St. Stephen's Green Division of the City 
of Dublin as a ParneUite against Mr. 
William Kenny, y.C. (Unionist). Mr. 
Meade was one of the founders of the 
Irish Daily Independent. 

— The first meeting of the Council of 
the Irish National federation (Anti- 
Parnellite organization) held at Imperial 
Hotel, Dublin. Twenty-six Members of 
Parliament attended, and a number of 
County Delegates. An Executive Com- 
mittee of twenty-five members was elec- 
ted, and Mr. JL Davitt and Mr. David 
Sheehy, M.P. (South Galway) appointed 
Hon. Secretaries. Several resolutions 
defining the powers and functions of the 
Council and E.xecutive Committee were 
passed. 

— The Marquis of Ripon addressed a 
meeting in the Town Hall, Newcastle- 
on-Tyne. Pie said that Home Rule 
would hold the first place in the parlia- 
mentary programme of the Liberal Party, 
but this would not deter them from 
giving practical effect to the principles of 
the "Newcastle programme." 

— Mr. T. W. Russell, M.P. (South 
Tyrone), speaking at Boston, U.S.A., de- 
clared that there was no country in the 
world in which the land laws were so 
jnst and liberal to the tenants as in 
Ireland. 

— Mr. J. C.Flynn,M.P. (North Cork), 
spoke at a meeting at Kanturk in aid of 
tne ■' Evicted Tenants' fund." Mr. 
Plynn said he had e\ery reason for be- 
lieving that in a short time all tenants 
who had been unjustly evicted would be 
restored to their noldings. He appealed 
fur assistance towards their support in 
the meantime, and said that the pur- 
chasers under the Ashbourne Acts should 
particularly be generous in their contri- 
butions, because it was owing to the 
evicted tenants they were enabled to 
purchase so satistactorily. 

10.— Three bailiffs of the Sub-Shenff, 
Co. Clare, fired at in Bodyke district. 
Pour men arrebied by police and iden- 
tified. 

— Fortnightly meeting of Amnesty 
Association held at Dublin. Resolution 
passed requesting Mr. John Redmond, 
M.P., to move an amendment to the 
Address on opening of Parliament on the 
question of Amnesty. Mr. Redmond 
promised to accede to the term of the 
request. 

— Mr. Walter Hume Long, Conser- 
vative, elected Slember for West Ijerby 
Division of Liverpool by majority of 
1,357 ; Conservative majority at last 
election, 1,182. 

11. — Meeting of the Irish National 
Federation. Mr. John Dillon, M.P. 
(East Mayo), said that the party to 
which he belonged should not put, as 
they^had been asked to do, the tenants' 
question in front of Home Rule ; but, at 



NQTES FROM IRELAND. 



the same time, they should insist that in 
the settlement of the question the resto- 
ration to their homes of the evicted 
tenants should be one of the articles of 
peace. Mr. Dillon deprecated the in- 
tention of Mr. John Redmond to move 
an amendment to the Address in favour 
of amnesty to the political prisoners, and 
said that when the e.xplosion at Exchange 
Court was such a recent event, it was not 
the time to challenge the verdict of Parlia- 
ment upon the question. Referring to 
the Meath elections and the approaching 
contests to till the vacancies caused by 
the recent judgments, Mr. Dillon de- 
clared that whoever came to his side, 
priest or layman, would be welcome— 
and doubly welcome if he were a 
priest. 

— In the lists of members of Lunatic 
Asylum Boards for 1893 issued to-day by 
the Government, very extensive changes 
were made. In nearly every case from 
ten to twelve Unionists, whose names 
have been returned on previous lists, 
have been struck off, and Nationalist 
members substituted for them. Amongst 
others of the old members of thesi: 
boards who have been thus excluded 
by the Government are The Earl de 
Montalt, Lord Lieutenant of the Co. Tip- 
perary ; Lord Bangor, Sir E. Macnaghten, 
Lord Lieutenant of the Co. Antrim ; Sir 



fohn Harley Scott, Ex-High Sheriff of 
Cork; Sir Robert M'Vicker, The Very 
Rev. Dean of Derry, Rev. Dr. Rodgers, 
Ex- Moderator of the Presbyterian Gen- 
eral Assembly; Mr. William Johnston, 
M.P. ; Mr. Victor Coates. High Sheriff of 
<.'o. Antrim ; Mr. J. Blakiston-Houston, 
B.L. ; Col. Cosby, D.L. ; Col. Carden, 
D.L. In Co. Donegal the name of Col. 
Montgomery, who was for 27 years 
Chairman of the Asylum Board has 
been struck out. The course taken by 
the Government has caused considerable 
discussion, and has been very widely 
commented upon in newspapers of all 
shades of opinion. 

— The Sub-Sheriff of the Co. Clare, 
protected by an escort of over 40 police, 
proceeds to Bodyke to make seizures of 
cattle, in execution of writs obtained for 
rent due upon the O't'allaghan property. 
A large crowd assembled but no resist- 
ance w'as offered. 

— Constable Tidd, of the Dublin 
Metropolitan Police, immediately after a 
conversation he had had with a civilian, 
who had given evidence at the Secret 
Enquiry, being held under the Explosives 
Act of 1S83, into the Exchange Court 
outrage, was attacked in Marlborough 
Street by three strange men and struck 
a blow on the head with a bottle, which 
rendered him unconscious. 



12. -Patrick Mooney, James Mooney, 
Michael Keeffe, Martin Corbett, and 
William M'Namara. returned for trial 
for shooting at Sheriff's baihffsat Bodyke 
on loth January. 

— Unionist demonstration at Ennis- 
killen, Earl Belmore presiding. Right 
Hon. J. Atkinson, Ex-Attorney-General 
for Ireland, who was the principal 
speaker, said that any Irish Parliament 
which would be established must be as 
absolutely Roman I atholic as that of 
James II. in 1689. In England classes 
shaded one into the other as to make it 
impossible for any interest or even two 
interests to oppress a third. In Ireland, 
however, priest and peasant would be 
supreme, and the Loyalist classes would 
remain in a permanent minority. Mr. 
Atkinson, in the course of his address, 
criticised the administration in Ireland 
since the present Government attained to 
office. Dealing with the Evicted Ten- 
ants' Commission, he said it was com- 
posed with a signal contempt for even 
the appearance of justice. The other 
speakers were— Mr John Ross, Q.C., 
M.P. (Londonderry); Xr. Richard M. 
Dane, M.P. (North Fei nrr,-gh) ; Mr. 
James N. Richardson, Lsq., M.P. 
(Armagh). 



AMNESTY. 



AN AMENDMENT TO THE ADDRESS TO BE 

MOVKD. 
On Sunday, January 8th, an amnesty meeting 
was held at Kells, l\ir. Pierce Mahony, ex-M.P., 
presided, and was supported by Mr. John Red- 
mond, M.P. The chairman in his opening .state- 
ment said — 

Now, we are here to-day to proclaim that the time 
has come when these men ought to be released from 
prison. (Cheers.) We were told that when the 
Liberal Party came into po7Mr Irelatid was to be 
governed according to Irish ideas until such time as they 
could hand over the government of this country into 
the hands of Irishmen. (He?,-, hear.) I'hey have 
been in power many months, and ike political prisoners 
are still rotting in English duny.nn.u (Hear, hear.) 

Mr. John Redmond stated : — 

I don't scruple to say that ! believe if it rested 
absolutely with Air. Morley alone that these men would 
be released. (Hear, hear.) {"yui Mr. Morley has behind 
him a weak and a rotten party, and the only power 
which could possibly bring that w eak and rotten party 
to consent to the release of these inen would be the 
feeling that Nationalist Irishmen were united in this 
demand, and that they would insist upon having their 
demand gra.n\.ed.— Independent, gth January, 1893. 

On Tuesday, January loth, the Amnesty As- 
sociation met at the Workmen's Club, York- 
Street, Dublin. Mr. F. J. Allan in the chair. 
The following resolution was adopted : — 

" That we request Mr. John E. Redmond to move 
an amendment to the Address at the opening of Par- 
liament on the question of Amnesty, and call for its 
support by all Irish Nationalist members." 



Mr. John Redmond, who was present, said : — 
I feel highly gratified at the resolution which has 
been passed by you asking me to undertake for the 
third time the duty of bringing this question before 
the English Parliament. And, of course, that duty 
will be one that I shall be very glad and bound to 
fulfil. (Applause.) — Independent, nth January, 1893. 
Mr. Davitt by his letter to the IJmerick 
Amnesty Association dated September, 1892, 
was pledged to bring forward a motion for the 
release of the imprisoned dynamite convicts 
early in the forthcoming session. Mr. Davitt, 
however, has becri unseated since he gave that 
undertaking to John Daly's friends. 

RULING IRELAND ACCORDING TO 
IRISH IDxiAS. 



The Dublin Correspondent of the Times writes : — 

The Irish Government have advanced another stage 
in the development of their rew e.xtra- Liberal policy of 
planting Nationalists of every type in public offices 
from which they have hitherto been excluded by the 
unsympathetic nature of their political views. 

MAGISTRATES. 

It began with the creation of Nationalist magistrates 
selected by the Catholic clergy, in pursuance of a circular 
Addressed to them by Mr. Davitt. The traditional 
practice of having the recommendation made by the 
county lieutenants, who are supposed to represent 
officially the Lord Lieutenant in the constitutional 
scheme of Government, was set aside in cases where 
they did not feel justified in recommending the 
appointment of persons to be justices of the peace who 
were not likely to work in general harmony with others, 
but rather to introduce a discordant element into the 



NOTES FROM IRELAND. 



15 



administration of justice. No limitation lias been set 
by the Lord Chancellor in going aside from the beaten 
path, and a considerable number of new magistrates 
have now been added to the roll. 

PRIVY COUNCILLORS. 

Next the Privy Council was enlivened by the intro- 
duction of three members holding Nationalist opinions, 
who had no previous connection with the Administration 
but were prominent politicians. Something in the 
nature of a precedent might be found for this in the 
fact that the office of Privy Councillor has been con- 
ferred in some few instances upon individuals who were 
thought worthy of receiving a distinction which is little 
more than honorary. I'he Nationalist journals, 
however, expect that the three gentlemen who have 
been appointed will use their positions to further 
objects which the Privy Council have not regarded with 
favour, such as schemes for the erection ot labourers' 
cottages which were shown to have been promoted by 
boards of guardians for political purposes. 

THE CORK AND DERRY ASYLUM BOARDS. 

The last step in the new plantation policy was taken 
yesterday, when the new governors of lunatic asylums 
in Londonderry and Cork were nominated by warrant 
of the Lord Lieutenant. In Cork eight of the former 
governors have been displaced, and two additional 
ones appointed, nine of the ten new members being 
Nationahsts belonging to both sections of the party, 
and one a Unionist. In the case of the Londonderry 
Board the Rev. Dr. Rodgers, an ex-Moderator of the 
General Assembly of Ireland, and the only clerical 
representative on the bo.ard, has been passed over. So 
have the Dean of Derry and the Rev. Canon Babing- 
ton. Six Roman Catholic laymen have replaced five 
Protestants and a deceased Jioman Catholic, and, by 
an ingenious arrangement, the Protestant governors 
residing furthest from Londonderry have been re- 
tained, while the new Koman Catholic men are all 
resident, and four out of the five Protestants who have 
been passed over are resident. The result will be 
practically to hand over to the Roman Catholics the 
management of the institution. In Donegal two Pres- 
byterian and one Episcopalian clergymen are coni- 
pulsorily retked and their places taken by Roman 
Catholics ; but the gravest pubhc scandal consists in 
the removal from the list of the name of Colonel 
Montgomery, who for twenty-seven years had been 
'chairman of the board, and the substitution of the 
name of a man of small education. — Times, 12th Jan., 
1893. 

Ihe old members of the Cork Lunatic Asylum 
Board struck off are '.—The Kigh Sheriff (Mr. E. Day), 
Sir John Scott, R. Dunscombe, Alderman Morgan, 
W. L. Terrier, J. B. Roche, W. H. Lyons, L. A. 
Beamish. The following new members have been 
appointed: — R. A. Atkins, the Mayor, M. 1). Daly, 
R. Cronin, C. L. Kelleher, Lieut.-Colonel Donegan, 
P. J. Dunn, E. Crean, M.P., T. J. Clanchy, and Col. 
W. Johnson. Of the eight old members struck off 
five are Conservatives, two clerical Federationists, and 
one Parnellite. The ten newly appointed are six 
clerical Eederationists, three Parnellites, and one Con- 
servative. Those struck out have been most attentive 
members. 



RENT COLLECriKG IN CLARE. 



BAILIFFS FIRED ON. 
The following report is dated Ennis, Tuesday : — 

Two brothers named Hartney and a man named 
Kenny, bailiffs of Major J. G. Culhnan, sub-sheriff of 
County Clare, left here this morning to carry out some 
seizures for rent due on the estate of Colonel Charles 
Mills Molony at Derryulk and Kilduff, against tenants 
named Hogan and Walsh. While they were making 
the seizures they met, it is reported, with considerable 
opposition, and at a place called Tyredagh/ii«r rifle 
shots were fired at them from a comparatively short 
range, but without doing bodily injury to any of them. 
According to the bailiffs' story their assailants were 
within easy view, and on reaching the town of Tulla 
they teported the occurrence to the police, who at once 
drove to the scene ; and subsequently four men were 
arrested, who have been, it is stated, identified. — 
Dublin Mail, nth January, 1893. 

When such proceedings as the above take 
place now, what will be the t/iodits operandi of 
collecting rents under a College Green Execu- 
tive ! Mr. J. C. Flynn, M.P., already anticipates 
such events. Speaking at Kanturk, on Sunday, 
8th January, the Hon. Member, after referring 
to the present condition of affairs under Mr. 
Morley, declared : — ■ 

It was different that day ; and as they had taken the 
swords and batons from the police in a short time if 
they worked true together they would take the police from 
the side of the landlords, and the landlords would have 
to recover their unjust rents by the ordinary process of 
laic, and without the help which Mr. Balfour had given 
them in collecting those rents. (Cheers.) — Freeman's 
Journal, loth January, 1893. 



THE NATIONALISTS AND THE 
DYNAMITE OUTRAGE. 



The following letter appears in the Times of 9th 
January, 1893 ; — 

Sir, — In your recent articles on the dynamite out- 
rage in Dublin you have pointed out that after the 
Phcenix Park murders the Nationalist leaders were 
loud in their denunciations of that crime, as they are 
now of the recent one in Exchange Court. The sin- 
cerity of their denunciations then may be readily mea- 
sured by the subsequent treatment of Mr. Curran, Q.C., 
who as police magistrate was instrumental, by means 
of a private inquiry (such as Mr. O'Donel is now about 
to hold) in bringing to justice the murderers of Lord 
Frederick Cavendish and Mr. Burke. When Mr. 
Curran was appointed, several years afterwards. County 
Court Judge of Kerry, he was denounced by a parish 
priest of the county— Feather Quilter — as " a cool Star 
Chamber County Court Judge who put his pen to the 
death sentence of seventy families." In a letter to the 
Bishop of Kerry, complaining of the reverend parish 
priest, he eloquently describes the lot of one who had 
learlessly done his duty : — 

Now for my personal complaint. There are still In- 
vincibles in Dublin and some other counties in Ireland, 



X6 



NOTES FROM IRELAND. 



including, I believe, Kerry, for whii-h reason my p:.son 
and house here have to be constantly piotected, and that 
protection has to be increased whe remarks are publicly 
pointed at me as having been the one who was mainly 
instrumental in bringing lo justice a set of desperate cri- 
minals. I can't defend myself from these public attacks ; 
they occur at intervals, and keep alive some few scatteied 
remnants of the band. Some speakers and papers in 
Dublin and Kerry attacked me lately on the point. I had 
to keep silent, but my guard was increased. ... To 
hold any man up for assassination would, I know, be 
abhorrent to Father Quilter, and that unwittingly he has 
done by endorsing the observations of various speakers 
and writers since I went to Kerry. Take the words 
" Star Chamber " in connection witli what has been said 
and written on the subject of my action in the matter of 
some days belore, and what conclusion could any listener 
arrive at but that the speaker (a priest) agreed wiih others 
who had dilated upon my iniquities in dealing with the 
Phcenix Park muideisH—iFreemaiis Juunud, I2th Feb- 
ruary, 1887.) 

The comments upon this letter of United Ireland, 
of which Mr. William U'linen, M.P., was editor, pub- 
lished within a few days, shows the genuine joy of that 
official organ that the murderers had been brought to 
justice, it said : — 

Let us do the wretched man [Mr. Curran, Q.C.] the 
justice to remember he acted (in writing to the liisnop of 
Kerry in reference to the Glenbeigh cases) in a paro.\ysm 
of unreasoning but irresistible terror, in the letter we 
get an awful picture of his miserable life. His days are 
lived out in the cold shadow of constant and deadly fear. 
The mere utterance of the words Star Chamber sends a 
spasm of shivering terror to his heart, and forthwith the 
detective guards on his house and person are doubled. 
We have had little sympathy with J udge Curran's cowardly 
vanity over his services to his country at the Star Chamber 
at the Castle. His work was dirty work at best— uncon- 
stitutional and cruel. By threats, innuendoes, insinua- 
tions, and falsehoods, he trapped and tortured men, 
innocent or guilty, into confessions which criminated 
their neighbours and themselves. It was in no sense his 
duty. He made love to the employment and the reward. 
It may be he rendered a service to society. The spy who 
sells his accomplice to death renders a service to society ; 
the hangman who squeezes the windpipe of a criminal 
lenders a service to society. Even the amateur hangman 
who volunteers for the profession of the scaffold is in a 
sense a benefactor of his kind, &c. — ( United Ireland, 1 2th 
February, liiSy.) 

Let us sincerely hope that should Mr. O'lJonel, who 
is now holding a " Star Chamber " inquiry into the 
recent dynamite outrage, be as successful in tracing the 
criminal as Mr. Curran was in the Phoenix Park case, 
he may escape the disgraceful invective to which Mr. 
(Jurran was subjected, and that the most recent cham- 
pion of dynamite may be excluded from the general 
amnesty of political prisoners. — Yours faithfully, 

Edward Carson. 
80 Merrion Square, Dublin, Jan. 6. 



IRELAND UNDER MR. MORLBY. 



Moonlight Attack on the Miss Brownes.— The 
TuUa correspondent of the Dublin Evenin.j Echo wired 
on Monday, 2nd January : — Grove Villa is the residence 
of four young ladies, orphans, whose father, Mr. E. 
Burke Browne, J. P., a landowner, died last year. It 
is situate three miles from Clonmore, TuUa. At present 
there are ejectment notices out against some of the 
tenants on the property, and the man-servant of the 



ladies, named Butler, has in some way rendered him- 
self unpopular. Some time ago the ladies received 

A THRE.VrENING LE'ITER 

requiring that Butler should be dismissed. This 
was not done, "and irons were then put in their 
meadows so as to break the mowing machines 
when at work. Nothing further occurred until seven 
o'clock on Saturday night, which was bright and clear. 
At that hour two of the Miss Brownes were in the 
kitchen with the girl servant. They observed two men 
approaching the house. One man stood outside, while 
the other opened the door and asked for Butler, who 
happened to be then absent. As the man's face was 
blackened and his soft hat tied down over his face, 
Miss B.Browne involuntarily laughed at his ridiculous 
3,\i\>e3.xance,\vh.tnhe suddenly produced a revolvcrand said 
that '^ Butler must yo at once." He then, to the conster- 
nation of the girls, fired four shots in succession, the 
victims getting out of range as best they could. One 
of the bullets struck the wall within a few feet of Miss 
B. Browne. The servant and the other Miss Browne 
managed to rush out shrieking. Miss B. Browne, who 
had. laughed at the man, stood her ground, and looked 
defiantly at the scoundrel, who then made off. The girls 
together ran for the police, who were on the spot half 
an hour after the event. District Inspector Feely and 
Dr. Howell, of Clonmore, who were visiting in the next 
house, were on the scene almost as soon as the police. 
An examination of the house was made. Two bullets 
were found embedded in the wall. The girls are very 
plucky, and although at first violently startled, don't 
seem to mind the occurrence. They have declined 
police protection. A minute description of the 
moonlighter's dress has been given to the police, who 
believe that they will succeed in capturing him. 



SHOULD THi3 PRIE5STS AGAIN 
SUCCBBD. 



Mr. John Eedmond, M.P., speaking at Trim, 
January 6th, on the occasion of re-electing Mr. 
Dalton and Air. Mahonyas Parncliite candidates 
for the Meath Divisions, referred to iLnglish- 
men's views and position and said : — 

They (Englishmen) are men who had been brought 
up to distrust the religion of the vast majority of the 
people of Ireland, and I say that if they once get it 
into their heads that Irish Catholics are not free agents 
in political affairs, that they are political slaves, ' 
political pawns moved about on the chess board of 
politics by the Bishop who happens to rule over them 
in political affairs, the very moment that they gel that 
idea into their heads they will never, never concede 
Home Rule to this country. Now here in Meath the 
whole world knows that the last election was won, and 
the sentiment of the majority of the people overborne, 
by the action of the Bishop and priests, and // in the 
next election the action oj the Bishop and priests succeeds 
in defeating the A'ational sentiment again, believe you 
me that the result on the Home Rule Bill in Parliament, 
and the result on the whole future of the Home Rule 
cause will be absolutely disastrous. — Independent, 
7th January, 1893. 

rubllshed by the Irish Unionist Alliance, at their Dublin Offices, 109 
Qraftoa Street, aad Loudoa Ottices, 26 fnlace Chambers, Westmiusler, S, W, 



NOTES FROM jRELAND 

*^* A Record of the sayings and doings of the Home Rule Parties in the furtherance of tlieir " Separatist" Policy 
for Ireland ; and of facts connected 7L<ith the country. For the information of the Imperial Parliament., the Press, 
and tlie Public generally. 



No. 3.— Vol. 1.— New Series. 21st JANUARY, 1893. 



Price Id. 



®OUtettt». PAGE 

Thk L.iND Market- Mr. Gladstone on Slavi.su 

DEPKNnENCY — i'ANON DoYLE ON THE TiPPERARY 

Wreckers ... ... ... ... ... 17 

The Meath Vacancies ... ... ... ... If 

The Clerical Candu).\tes— The Army and the Primrose 

League— Mr. Dillox Restoring the Evicted ... 19 
The "Freeman" and the Land Corporation — A 

Fastidious Labourer ... ... ... 20 

A Diurnal ... ... ... ... ... 21 

More Nationalist Amenities — The Financial Aspect 

— Ireland Under Mr. Morley — Sir Charles 

Russell on the Meath Clergy ... ... 22 

Blue Books and Parliamentary Papers — The Value 

OF County Cork Oaths ... ... ... 21 

Father M'Fadden ... ... ... ... 24 



THE LAND MARKET. 



VALUE OF L.'^ND IN COUNTY DONEGAL- 
GREAT INCREASE IN PRICE OF TENANT- 
RIGHT. 

A FEW days ago Mr. .Michael Cassidy, of Bally shan- 
non, disposed of his interest in a farm of land which 
he held under Colonel Knox, situated in the parish of 
Drimholm, and distant about two miles from the vil- 
lage of Ballintra. The sale was by private treaty to 
the adjoining tenant, Mr. Thompson, for the sum of 
;^52o sterling. Mr. Cassidy purchased this farm a 
few years ago, and the price paid for it then was 



OLFHERT ESTATE. 

The following sums given for Tenant-right 
on the Olphert Estate, in Donegal, just before 
the Plan of Campaign was started, will throw 
some light on the morality of that movement : — 

John Brewster, of Drumnatinny, whose judicial 
rent was _;^8 15s., sold his interest to Thomas M'Hugh 
for _j^ 1 40 at 16 years' purchase, in 1SS5. 

Anne Wilson, of Ballyconnell, rent (non-judicial), 
^4, sold her interest to John Wilkinson for/'ioo at 
25 years' purchase in the same year. 

Hugh Ferry, of Magheroarty, judicial rent £^2 los., 
sold his interest to Hugh M'Cafferty for ^^£^120 at 48 
years' purchase, in 1886. 

Owen M'Ginley, of Magheroarty, judicial rent 
^i 6s., sold his interest to Hugh M'Cafferty for;^6o 
at 46 years' purchase, also in 1886. 

While the Evicted Tenants' Commission was 
actually sitting, with the Olphert Estate scheduled as 
one to be enquired into, Fanny M'Carry, of Ardsbeg, 



sold the interest in her holding for^i^sg, or 53I years' 
purchase, on a judicial rent of ^i 2s. 

Even a more instructive case is that of Peggy 
Gallagher, of Derryconnor, who was evicted for non- 
payment of "an impossible rent." Even Mrs. 
<jallagher had allowed the period cf redemption to 
expire, but notwithstanding this .Mr. Olphert allowed 
her to sell the holding, for which she obtained -^So, 
equal to 37 years' purchase. 



MR. 



GLADSTONE ON SLAVISH 
DEPENDENCY. 



' In this election you will not have to decide upon 
any mere ])arty object in a lower and secondary sense ; 
you will not have to decide only upon the question 
ivhether the business of civilising legislation is, as 
heretofore, energetically and satisfactorily to proceed ; 
but you have also got to decide whether you will take 
the precautions necessary to insure that, if great and 
fmperial topics shall be raised appertaining to the 
relations between England and Ireland, the unity of 
the Empire, and to the content and -prosperity of that 
distracted country, you are determined that these 
great issues shall be tried by men who have received 
your commission from a position of security, and not 
from the slippery footing of slavish dependency." — 
Speech in Edinburgh, 24th November, 1885. 



CANON DOYLE ON THE TIP- 
PERARY WRECKERS. 



The Rev. Canon Doyle, P.P., of RamsgrangC; 
does not approve of the " central authority " of 
the Healyite Federation, as con-.tituted. There 
are individuals on the committee to whom he 
objects. Writing to the Wexford Free Press o'i 
January 14th, the rev. gentleman maint.ai;ns :— 

'' I would vehemently protest against any man being 
appointed on that committee who had hand, act, or 
])art in ruining Old Tipperary and in building ' New 
Tipperary,' at a cost of some ;^8o,ooo, on land to 
which, it seems, they had not one particle of title. // 
is difficult to believe that men outside a lunatic asylum 
could be guiltv of such reckless insanity." 

This is rough upon twoof Ireland's only states- 
men — Messrs. John Dillon and William O'Brien. 



XOTES FROM IKEI^AXD. 



THE MEATH VACANCIES. 



SUXDAV last, the 15th January, was a regular 
political field-day in the Countj- Meath. At 
Oldcastle, in the northern division, a meeting of 
Mr. Pierce i\Iahony's supporters was held. Mr. 
Mahony was accompanied by Mr. John Red- 
mond, M.l'. An address from the Independent 
Nationalists of Oldcastle was presented to Mr. 
Redmond. 'J'he public meeting took place in 
the Square, the combined bands playing " The 
Boys of We.x'ford " while the gathering assembled. 
After Mr. ]\Iahony's speech, Mr. Redmond ad- 
dressed the meeting. Commenting on Mr. Dillon 
and his recent utterances in Dublin, Mr. Red- 
mond declared : — 

" Mr. Dillon has been sitting at the feet of Mr. Healy 
now in politics for a couple of years, and while, as the 
result of his association with him, he has lost his re- 
spectability—as a public speaker and a public man he 
has not succeeded in obtaining any of Mr. Healy's wit 
or ^Ir. Healy's ability. Mr. iJillon's speeches now are 
dull, as they always were, and they have no longer the 
merit of being respectable. In the speech to which I 
desire to refer, he stated the other day that we had 
commenced a campaign in Meath as a campaign 
against the interests of Ireland. (Cries of ' No, no,' 
and a Voice — ' It's untrue.') Mr. Dillon, when he 
made that statement, had before him the speeches 
which we made in opening the campaign in Trim, and 
those speeches were of such a character that Mr. 
Dillon's statement becomes little short of a shameful 
and a mean calumny." 

At two o'clock a meeting was held at Long- 
wood, in South Meath, in the interest of Mr. J. 
J. Dalton. Dr. Kenny, M.P., and Mr. Carew, 
ex-M.F., were present. Dr. Kenny, in course of 
his speech, pointed out — 

They had sent Mr. Fullam to the right about, and 
in North Meath they had sent to the right about the 
man whom he (Dr. Kenny") had ahcays accused of being 
the arch-traitor in tlie whole unhappy business — Air. 
Davitt. Again and again, when any crisis arose in 
Irish politics, he was alivays found to go wrong, be- 
cause he was aliaays engaged in self-contemplation and 
self-worship, and he could never look upon anything 
except from the point of view of hoto it might affect 
the future of Mr. Michael Davitt. At his door and 
at the door of his associates lay the crime of the 
betrayal of the Irish Chieftain, and his death and loss 
to Ireland. 

Mr. Dalton and Mr. Harrington, M.P.,at same 
time opened the Campaign at Duleek in the 
Southern Division. Mr. Harrington spoke at 
length. After alluding to the happy position of 
the party in past years, the hon. member went 
on to say : — 

When we arrived at that point in Irish politics two 
years ago, when the Irish people had to consider the 
unfortunate, the unhappy position in which their leader 
was placed, they looked for guidance to their poUtical 



leaders, and their political leaders, the members of 
the Irish Part}-, assembled in the largest hall they 
could, and they said in plain terms to the people of 
Ireland— ''It is your duty to disregard the English 
nation — (hear, hear) — to disregard English dictation, 
and to stand behind your leader." (Cheers.) You 
followed that advice. You obeyed that injunction, 
and the men who called upon you to follow their 
leadership were themselves false to the mission they 
had undertaken. Owing to the hypocrisy which these 
men had introduced into Irish politics, they who in 
the Leinster Hall meeting, to me, looking from 
America, and reading their language, their very 
speeches in the Leinster Hall seemed to go further 
than they ought to have gone. They were a reproach 
upon the morality of the country, and all that men could 
do to sneer at the issues involved in this controversy 
they did in these speeches. I did not approve of their 
speeches, but I approved of the resolution and the 
determination to allow no dictation from any EngHsh 
Party to us upon an issue of that kind, and above all 
to take no lessons from the besotted £nglish nation upon 
questions of tnoralify, (Cheers.) — Independent, i6th 
January, 1S93. 



MR. O'BRIEN AS CLERICAL APOLOGIST. 

The clerical party were also busy. Their first 
meeting was held at Kells, in North Meath. 
Messrs. Wm. O'Brien, Sheehy, Flynn, Kilbride, 
Austin, and M'Dermott, M.P.'s, were in attend- 
ance. The chair was taken by the Very Rev. L. 
Gaughran, P.P., who was supported by eighteen 
brother priests. Mr. Wm. CJ'Brien said : — 

They (the Redmondites) take up the position of the 
Orangemen of old in this country, and they deli- 
berately proclaim that the majority of the Irish people 
are ignorant, and illiterate, and priest-ridden, and they 
declare there is no respect to be paid to the decision 
of the majority of the Irish people, and they deli- 
berately propose to beat the majority of the Irish 
people to their knees by stoning them in the streets, 
by appealing to Judge Cf BrierCs coercion, and by ap- 
pealing to the vilest prejudices of Englishmen against 
the priests <f Ireland. (Hear, hear.) ^\'ell, if the 
people of Ireland are ignorant and priest-ridden now 
when were they otherwise, and what becomes of our 
claims for Home Rule at all? When did these men 
begin to discover the crimes of the priesthood of 
Meath? This is not the first time that the priests of 
Meath interfered in politics. No, it is not, or Lucas 
would never have been in Parliament, or John Martin 
would never have been in Parliament, and even Mr. 
Tim Harrington might never have been in Parliament 
for Westmeath either. (Cheers.) Why did we never 
hear anything then of the misconduct of the priests of 
Ireland? V\ hy were not the bishops and the priests 
of Meath in those days held up to the horror of Eng- 
lish bigots in English reviews ? (Cheers.) 

Mr. O'Brien, after a few eulogies on Dr. Nulty, 
the Bishop, continued : — 

As the chairman has so well said, the priests of Ire- 
land want no domination in politics other than the 
legitimate influence that their character and their in- 
telligence and their record as Irish Nationalists might 



XOTES FROM IRELAXD. 



Id 



give them. The priests or bishops want no more than 
that, and f':at much they must have as long as grass 
gnm'S and ivater runs in Jrclaud. (Great cheering.) 
I think I know the Irish race, and I believe that the 
Irish race would ratiier consent to give up the Catholic 
Emancipation Act and go back to the penal days again 
than that the bishops and the priests of Ireland should 
be deprived of their common rights as citizens, much 
less of the veneration that is due to their sacred cha- 
racter. (Loud cheers.) 

At Drumconrath, in same division, the clerical 
forces congregated during the afternoon. Two 
fife and drum bands were in attendance. Messrs. 
Tullyand M. J. Kenny, M.P.'s, were present, also 
the unseated Mr. Fullam. Rev. Father Rooney, 
P.P., presided, supported by twelve priests. Mr. 
Jasper TuUy, M.P., in his address made the fol- 
lowing statement, worth remembering: — 

The last time they were fighting for Davitt — (loud 
cheers) — now they were again fighting for the honour 
of their country and fiijlitingfor the honour of their 
greatest .jo// — he said, without hesitation, the greatest 
Churchman they had seen in this century, the best 
prelate and the best patriot, who stood to the people 
through thick and thin, was the great old Bishop of 
Afeath, Dr. Nulty. (Loud cheers.) — Freeman's Journal, 
i6th January, 1893. 



THE CLERICAL CANDIDATES. 



The clerical convention to select candidates for 
the two divisions took place on 17th inst. The 
delegates assembled in the Seminary, Navan. 
Sixty-one Roman Catholic clergymen were 
present. Mr. Wm. O'Brien, M. P., presided. On the 
motion of Mr. P. Fullam, seconded by Father 
Behan, Mr. Jeremiah Jordan, Ex-M.P., was 
selected as candidate for South Meath. Mr. 
M'Donald proposed, and Father Grehan, P.P., 
seconded, Mr. James Gibney, Martinstown, 
Crossakeil, as candidate for North Meath. 
Messrs. Jordan and Gibney were unanimously 
selected and then signed the pledge. 

The Evening Herald (Parnellite) saj's : — 

The Whigs chose their two champions yesterday. 
Their selections cannot fail to e.xcite ridicule. Mr. 
Jeremiah Jordon has apparently been selected with 
the childish intention of proclaiming to the unsophis- 
ticated in England that clerical domination is all 
right when it is e.xercised on behalf of a Protestant 
M'C'arthyite. Accordingly, the prophet Jeremiah is a 
set off to the sixty clergymen who formed the bulk of 
the absurd poliucal convention in Navan Seminary 
yesterday. 

Mr. Jeremiah Jordan is a Presbyterian, in the 
provision business in Enniskillen. l^lc sat in 
the last Parliament for West Clare ; at the 
General Election he contested North Fermanagh 
[part of his own county] and was defeated by 
Mr. R. M. Dane, Unionist. 



THE ARMY AND THE PRIMROSE 
LEAGUE. 



The following Order has been promulgated in 
the South of Ireland : — 

Chief Staff Officer's Office, 

Cork, 29th December, 1892. 

Circular Memo. 

To prevent any misapprehension which may exist 
on the subject, the Major-General wishes all Ranks to 
understand that they are not permitted to attend or 
be present at any political meetings. Let it be dis- 
tinctly understood that the prohibition extends to all 
Primrose League meetings. 

By Order, 
(Signed), H. B. Wilson, Col. 

A.A.G. 

The following is the copy of the Queen's 
Regulations referred to : — 

[1892. Sec. VL Par.^.J 

" Officers, Warrant Officers, Non-Commissioned 
Officers, and Private Soldiers are forbidden to insti- 
tute or take part in any Meedngs, Demonstrations, or 
Processions for Party or Political purposes in Bar- 
racks, Quarters, or Camps, or their vicinity. Under 
no circumstances whatever will they attend any such 
meeting (wnerever held) in Uniform" 



MR. DILLON RESTORING THE 
EVICTED. 

Ml!. John Dillox delivered a speech on January- 
nth in Dublin to the Federationists, and said 
some rather remarkable things. Here is one of 
them : — 

Whatever influence we may have with the Govern- 
ment—and in spite of the bragging of our opponents, I 
flatter nuself that we have more influence with the 
Government of this country than they have^we shall 
continue to use it to its utmost extent to save and pro- 
tect the tenants. We shall not, as we have been asked 
to do, put the tenants' question in front of the Homo 
Rule question. No question, in our judgment, should 
go in front of the question of Home Rule. At the 
same time we shall ittsist that one article of peace — if 
peace is to be concluded between Etigland and Ireland — 
shall be the restoration to their homes of those men who 
through many dark and t?-oubled years faced every form 
of suffering and every form of sacrifice ., and who, let it 
never be' forgotten, by their sufferings and their sacri- 
fice have brought to thousands — ay, to hundreds of 
thousands^-of homes of tenant farmers in Ireland 
peace and security from the evictions and the miseries 
that were hanging over them. — Freeman's Journal, 
I2th January, 1893. 

This seems to signify acquiescence in the 
postponement of the Land Question for ten 
years on condition of the evicted being restored 
at once. 



&6 



XOTES FROM IRELAND. 



THE "FREEMAN" AND THE 
LAND CORPORATION. 



Since the time, now some years ago, when the 
Freeman's Journal telegraphed through its special 
wire a speech of a couple of columns delivered in 
the House of Commons by Mr. T. P. O'Connor, 
which, alack ! was never delivered at all, that 
brilliant organ has not done anything so funny 
as its performance of Saturday, the 14th inst. 
Here is the major portion of an article from its 
issue of that date : — 

Elsewhere we publish the brief but significant 
announcement that Mr. Stokes, of the firm of Stokes 
Brothers, accountants, has been appointed by the Vice- 
Chancellor Official Liquidator of the Land Corporation. 
We remember with what a flourish of trumpets this 
association was launched. It was to crush the tenants' 
combination, to secure the landlords' supremacy, and 
enrich the shareholders by the possession of a perfect 
El Dorado of evicted farms. The landlords could 
thenceforward evict with easy minds, because the 
Land Corporation would take over the farms. They 
would acquire the tenants' interest for nothing, and 
carry all the landlords' i)et theories into successful 
operation. The tenants in all these cases were of 
course stupid and dishonest idlers, who held their land 
at half the value. They were rolling in money, and 
could if they choose pay their exorbitant rackrents with- 
out difficulty. No wonder there were gleeful anticipa- 
tions of the fortune to be acquired when the active 
and intelligent Land Corporation got hold of the lands. 
The end of all this fine prospect is — liquidation. The 
Land Corporation was the creation of Mr. Smith- Barry. 
He was the head and tail of the institution. We trust 
he is proud of the result. When Mn Balfour was 
recently complimenting Mr. Smith- Earry on his triumph 
over the tenants of Ireland, it is curious that he did 
not include the Land Corporation in the panegyric. 
The money wasted in harshness and oppression by the 
Land Corporation, if applied in conciliation and rent 
reduction, would have settled every land di!:pute in 
Ireland and restored every evicted tenant to his home. 
The Land Corporation liquidation signalises the utter 
failure of the landlords to crush the tenants' combina- 
tion by mere weight of money. WMth Coercion and 
the Government at its back it utterly failed to replant 
with tenants or cultivate with profit the farms which 
had been made vacant by eviction. Liquidation was 
the result of the attempt. 

Now, instead of the Land Corporation being the 
company that is in liquidation, it is the Land 
Purchase and Settlement Company — better 
known as Mr. Parnell's Migration Company. 
Instead of the landlords being the promoters of 
the defunct company, they were Mr. E. 1). Gray 
(the late proprietor of the Fre£inan\ Mr. ParncU, 
Capt. O'Shea, and Cardinal Logue. The com- 
pany bought an estate in Galway to which they 
never, as far as the public know, " migrated " 
anybody — borrowed ^,'43,200 (out of ^^44,000 or 
■;£^45,ooo of the purchase money), from Mr. Glad- 
stone's Governmeut nine years ago, and still owe 



nearly ^^40,000 of the amount. If the share- 
holders are not called upon to pay up the ten 
shillings still due on their one pound shares, they 
ma5' account themselves very luck)-. 



A FASTIDIOUS LABOURER, 



At the Meeting of the Baltinglass Board of 
Guardians, held on the 3rd December, 1892 : — 

A labourer named Molyneux, from Woodfield, 
Talbotstown division, came before the Board and 
applied for admission. He said he and his wife and 
children had been living in the ditches for the last few 
weeks, and he could stand it no longer. He wanted 
the house which was granted to him by the Govern- 
ment last May. 

Mr. Wynne said the house had not yet been built. 

The Chairman asked Molyneux whether he would 
take a labourer's house which the Board had built at 
Mountneil, in the Rathvilly division ? 

Molyneux replied that he would not. lie would 
take no house outside the Talbotstown division. 
There was a combination of farmers and others to keep 
him out of the house to be built there. 

Mr. Wynne — That is the first 1 heard of it. 

The Chairman said he was not aware of anyone 
having anything to say against Molyneux, who was 
spoken of as a good labourer and a well-conducted 
man. He himself knew the reason of the objection to 
giving him the cottage at Woodfield. 

Molyneux stated he would live in the poorhouse 
until the cottage was built for him at Woodfield, to 
which he maintained he had a right. 

The Chairman assured him that he had no such 
right, and told him that he would have to take the 
cottage offered to him. If he would not he would 
oppose his getting any other cottage. 

.Molyneux — I beg your honor's pardon; you are 
doing that from the start. 

Chairman — You must take the cottage. 

Molyneux — I'll not take it. 

After Molyneux had retired, Mr. Wynne suggested 
that he be admitted, and that the vacant cottage at 
Mountneil be advertised. 

This was agreed to. 

Chairman — All the farmers would be in his favour 
but for his wife. She has an awful tongue. I would 
be opposed to giving him the cottage on Mr. Kelly's 
land. 

Mr. O'Kelly said that in view of the relations be- 
tween Molyneux and Kelly it would not be fafr to give 
Molyneux the cottage. Lord Ashbourne had said the 
cottages were not built for any particular persons, and 
the guardians could give them to those they thought 
deserving of them. 

Chairman — I'd set my face against his bullying Mr. 
Kelly. 

Mr. Wynne — I think he is doing himself harm over 
it. 

— Kildare Observer, loth December, 1892. 



N^OTES FROM IRELAND. 



21 



A DIURNAL 

OF EVENTS RELATING TO IRELAND. 



January 12. — A body of masked men 
fired shots into the house of a game- 
keeper of the Earl of Cork named 
Murphy. The moonlighters having 
forced an entrance, a fight ensued, in 
which both sides suffered severely. 

13. — The Cork Corporation passed a 
resolution protesting against the exclu- 
sion of the name of the High Sheriff, 
Mr. Robert Day, from the list of Gover- 
nors of the Cork Lunatic Asylum, and 
requesting an explanation from the Lord 
Lieutenant. 

— Death of Lord Dunsandle and Glan- 
conal, of Dunsandle, County Galway, 
aged 83 years. Lord Dunsandle. who 
succeeded to the barony in 1B47, was the 
eldest son of the first baron, and was 
born in 1810. He was appointed one ol 
the representative p^ers of Ireland in 
1851. He is succeeded by his brother, 
the Hon. Skeffington James Daly, who 
was born in 1811. 



14. — Article in Daily Neic.i, said to be 
inspired, containing forecast of the forth- 
coming Home Rule Kill. With reference 
to the retention of the Irish members, 
the article says they ought to be retained 
until the Land Ouestion is linally settled 
at Westminster, or turned over to 
the Irish Parliament. Some difticuhv 
will probably arise with regard to the 
question of two Legislative t hambers. 
ihe difficulty being to find the material 
out of which to construct a second 
chamber. Mr. Redmond's notion that 
the Veto of the Crown ought only to be 
exercised on the advice of Irish minis- 
ters is declared to be an obvious and 
palpable absurdity. 

— Order made by the Vice-Chancellor 
of Ireland to wind up the Irish Land 
Purchase and Settlement Company. 
This company, better known as the 
Parnell Migration Company, was regis- 
tered in 1S84 with a nominal capital of 
£250,000 in £1 shares. The subscribers 
to the Articles of Association were — 
Mr. C. S. Parnell, Dr. Ernest Hart, 
Captain O'Shea, the Most Rev. Dr. 
Logue, the Bishop of Raphoe (now 
Cardinal-Archbishop of Armagh), Mr. 
K. D. Gray, Mr. Thomas Baldwin, and 
Mr. W. Doherty.C.E. (now High Sheriff 
of Dublin City). The last return filed 
shows that the total number of shares 
subscribed up to ist January, 1S91, was 
11,788 upon which a call of ten shillings 
bad been made. The object of the com- 
pany was to purchase land in thinly- 
populated parts of Ireland for the purpose 
of re-letting to tenants "migrated" from 
congested districts. An estate in the 
County Galway was purchased by the 
company for a sum of £43,000, of which 
£42,300 was advanced by the then 
Government under the provisions of the 
Tramways Act, 1883. This advance was 
to have been discharged by an annuity 



of £1,972 193. for forty years. It does 
not appear that " migration " to any con- 
siderable extent ever took place. Some 
of the original occupying tenants have 
purchased their holdings under the 
Ashbourne Acts ; and, according to the 
return of the Auditor-General, there 
remained due of the loan mentioned 
above on the 31st March, 1891, the sum 
of £39.574 I2S. 7d. 



15. — Mr. M. Davitt, in reply to a reso- 
lution of the Fermoy Board of Guardians 
asking him to stand for the representa- 
tion of East Cork, writes to say that he 
will give a definite answer when he has 
received a reply to a communication he 
has addressed to the chairman of his 
party giving reasons why he should not 
be asked to re-enter the House of Com- 
mons at present. 

— The Most Rev. Dr. Logue, Roman 
Catholic Archbishop of Armagh, and 
Monsignor Persico, whose mission in 
Ireland a few years ago led to the famous 
Rescript from the Pope condemning 
boycotting and the Plan of Campaign 
created Cardinals. 

— Meeting at Oldcastle in support of 
the candidature of Mr. Pierce Mahony 
for South Meath. Mr. Mahony said 
that before the Home Rule Bill is ac- 
cepted they must see that they have 
control of all the civil forces, including 
the Constabulary ; the appointment of 
the judges. The Land Qaestion, he 
thought, should be settled by a scheme 
of Compulsory Purchase. 

— Mr. T. Harrington, M.P., speaking 
at election meeting at Duleek, said that 
the Irish farmers had absolute security 
in the soil they tilled ; they were abso- 
lutely independent, perhaps the most 
independent body of farmers on the 
whole face of the world. 

— Mr. W. H. K. Redmond, M.P.. 
speaking at an Amnesty meeting in 
Cork, presided over by the Mayor, said 
they would never hear of such outrages 
as that of Exchange Court if Secret 
Service Money had not been at work. Mr. 
Patrick O'Brien, Ex-M.P. (S.Monaghan) 
in moving a vote of thanks to the Mayor, 
said — "They had been told that they 
must not dare to move an amendment to 
the Address, because of a little explosion 
in the streets of Dublin. Simply be- 
cause Dublin Castle chose to send out a 
policeman to explode half a pound of 
gunpowder." 

16.— A farmer named Pickford fired 
at while returning to Ennis from a police 
protection post on an evicted farm on 
the estate of the Misses Butler, Castle- 
raine. One of the bullets lodged in the 
side of the car. 



17. — Great Unionist demonstration in 
the Ulster Hall, Belfast. The Marquis 
of Londonderry, K.G.. who presided, 
gave several remarkable figures with re- 
ference to the growth of Belfast since 
the Act of Union. At the beginning of 
the century Belfast had 3,000 inhabited 
houses and a population of 19,000. Now 
the figures were 56,000 and 275,000 re- 
spectively. The tonnage of vessels 
clearing the port was, in the first year of 
the century, 53,263, last year it was 
2,853,657 . The largest tonnage ever built 
in any shipbuilding yards of the world 
was built last year in the yard of Messrs, 
Harland and Wolff. The Customs Re- 
venue had increased from £101,876 to 
£2,376,211. This amount was only ex- 
ceeded by the ports of London and 
Liverpool. Fifty years ago the capital 
invested in the linen industry was 
£2,400,000 ; now it amounted to 
£i6,ooo,ODO. The resolution submitted 
to and adopted by the meeting was a 
reiteration of the declaration adopted at 
the great Ulster Convention, held on the 
17th June, 1892. Lord Templeton, the 
Lord Mayor of Belfast, Sir Jas. Haslett, 
Ex-M.P. (Belfast) ; Messrs. Robert 
MGeagh, Adam Duffin, Rev. Wesley 
Guard (Jlethodist), Rev. Jas. Cregan 
(Congregationalist), Rev. Dr. Kane (Irish 
Church), were amongst those who took 
part in the proceedings. 

— Mr. Michael Davitt consents to 
stand for parliamentary vacancy in 
North-East Cork. 

— Another attempt made to levy on 
decrees issued for rent on Col. O'Cal* 
laghan's estate, Bodyke, by Sheriff, pro- 
tected by police, but stock removed 
before arrival. 

— Anti-Parnellite Convention held at 
Navan to select candidates for the two 
divisions of Meath. Mr. Wm. O'Brien, 
M.P. (Cork City), presided. Over sixty 
priests were present. Mr. Jeremiah 
Jordan, E.X-M.P. for Clare, was chosen 
to contest South Meath, and Mr. James 
Gibney to contest North Meath. 

18.— Unionist demonstration at Ar- 
magh. Mr. D. P. Barton, Q.O., M.P., 
was the principal speaker. In the course 
of his speech Mr. Barton dealt chiefly 
with the recent changes in the composi- 
tion of the Irish Asylum Boards and 
appointments to the local magistracy. 

— Sir Charles Russell, M.P. , Attorney- 
General for England, speaking at Leices- 
ter, said the new Home Rule Bill would 
contain provisions safeguarding the rights 
of minorities. It would differ from the 
Bill of 1 886 in respect of the exclusion 
of Irish Members from the House of 
Commons. 

19.— The honour of knighthood con- 
ferred on Mr. David Harrell, C.B., 
Acting Under-Secretary for Ireland. 



J38 



NOTES FROM JllKLAND. 



MORE NATIONALIST AMENITIES. 



We clip tlic following from an article in the 
Irish Daily Independent of the i6th January, 
1893. Referring to the .speech made by Mr. 
Wm. O'Brien the previous day in Meath, the 
Independent saj'.s : — 

"Mr. O'Brien 0]icns the campaign on his side by 
personally abusing Mr. Pierce Mahony, whom he 
styles ' an elderly Robert P'.mmctt,' and ' a paid Com- 
missioner of Dublin Castle.' IMr. Mahony docs not 
pose as a revolutionist; he will never be obliged to 
sneer at the political faith that he once professed. If 
he was a Land Comnn'ssioner under the Liberal 
Government, what of that? His work benefited the 
tenants much more than did Mr. O'Brien's theatri- 
calities. He was not and is not ' a jiaid Commissioner 
of Dublin Castle ' — it is but an okl slander in a new 
form. And when Mr. W. O'Brien asks where he was 
when Mr. Davitt was dragging a cart in ])rison, the 
answer is that he was not a turnkey. Docs Mr. 
O'Brien understand ? " 

What does the Independent mean ? 



THE FINANCIAL ASPECT. 



Mr. Stead in the January number of I he Revie7v 
of Reviews examines Mr. J. J. Clancy's article 
in the Conteviporanj Revieiv on the financial 
aspect of Home Rule. Mr. Stead points out : — 

"In the Home Rule Bill of 18S6 Mr. Gladstone 
proposed that the contribution of Ireland to the 
Imperial Exchequer should be three millions and a 
quarter. Take thy pen quickly, says Mr. Clancy, and 
reduce that sum to ^'1,600,000. Mr. Gladstone 
further jirojiosed that Ireland should pay ^360,000 a 
year to the sinking fund of the National Debt. Again 
Mr. Clancy says that is too high by half. Mr. Gladstone 
also estimated that the Irish Budget should be charged 
one million for the constabulary and ;^"3,344,ooo for 
other civil charges and the cost of collecting the 
revenue. The right figures, says Mr. Clancy, should 
be ^600,000 for the constabulary and ;^ 1,200,000 for 
the civil charges. Therefore, by Mr. Clancy's 
arithmetic, tiie Home Rule Bill of 1886 jiroposed that 
Ireland should pay just about four millions and a half 
more than she ought to pay. F.ven with this Mr. 
Cl.ancy is not content. He thinks that Ireland should 
be relieved for the next fifty years from contributing to 
the Imperial Exchequer at all. He demonstrates this 
to his infinite satisfaction. Mr. Clancy may be right or 
he may be wrong in the abstract, but as a question of 
jiractical politics it would be dillicult to conceive any- 
thing more insane than this kind of attempt to convince 
the British public that Home Rule involves no addition 
to their burdens by showing that it would necessitate a 
direct financial sacrifice exquivalent to the annual 
interest on more than a liundred millions sterling. Mr. 
Clancy and his friends may be patriots, but they are 
cruelly handicapping the cause of Home Rule." 



IRELAND UNDER MR. MORLEY; 



MOONMIJHTING IN CoRK — .SEVKKAL VVoUNDED. — '- 

Intelligence iias reached Kanturk on Eriday, that 
yesterday morning a party of moonlighters raided the 
house of a man named Murphy, who is a gamekeeper 
to Lord Cork, near Rockchajjcl. The moonlighters 
having fired some shots entered the house, where they 
were met with a determined resistance by Murijhy and 
his family, several being wounded on both sides. — 
Fnri/icin's Journal, 14th January, 1893. 



Wanton Outrage near Kenmare. — On Thursday 
night, 12th January, a plantation on the farm of a man 
named Daly, at Templenoc, near Kenmare, was de- 
stroyed. The trees, which were about seven years 
growth, were broken down and strewed about the 
ground. A claim for ;^ioo compensation has been 
lodged. — Kerry Evening Post, 14th January, 1893. 



I'.xi kaokdinauv Kerrv Outrage. — An extra- 
ordinary outrage was perpetrated at a place called 
Derrymore, about five miles from Tralee, on Sunday 
night. When the mail car from Dingle to Tralee 
arrived at Derrymore the two occupants, the driver 
and the Hon. Captain de Moleyns, 6th Dragoon Guards, 
were set upon by a crowd of about thirty men, who 
opened a fusilade of stones. CajJlain de Moleyns and 
the driver pluckily ran at the crowd, who retreated, 
and succeeded in caiituring two of them, but they were 
again rescued by their comrades. During the scuffle 
Captain de Moleyns' sword was stolen off the car. 
On arrival at Tralee the matter was reported to the 
police, and District-Inspector Hamilton and a number 
of constables proceeded to the spot. No arrests have 
yet been made. Captain de Moleyns is the eldest son 
of I ,ord Ventry. No motive whatever can be assigned 
for the .strange attack. — Irish Times, 1 7th January, 1893. 



A Carrier Eired On. — \Vhile returning last Mon- 
day night from a ]iolice protection post at Sumiagh, in 
the Crusheen district, where he had been delivering a 
load of coals, a carrier named Pickford, from Ennis, 
was fired at twice, one bullet passing through the side 
of the car where he was sitting. He reported the 
matter to the police here, but no arrests have been 
made. The post is on an evicted farm. — Cork Herald^ 
iSlh January, 1893. 



SIR CHARLES RUSSELL ON THE 
MEATH CLERGY. 



In his speech at Cambridge on Januar\' 12th 
Sir Charles Russell declared : — 

Now, Catholic as he was and Irishman as he \vas, 
he was glad of the result of the election petitions in 
Meath. lie thought that the bishop and the priests 
had allowed themselves to be carried to a point of 
excitement in action and in Language absolutely un- 
justifiable and reprehensible. — Freeman's fn'.mal, 
13th January, 1893. 



NOTES FB031 IRELAND. 



BLUE BOOKS AND PARLIAMENTARY PAPERS. 



Appendix to 58th Report of Commissioners of 
Education for year 1891. 

[C— 67SS— I]. Price 25. lod. 

The larger portion of this Report is taken up with a 
reprint of the rules of the Board, and detailed 
Reports by the District and other Inspectors, of which 
tabulation is impossible. Although a bulky document 
it may at least be said that it should not take a year to 
print. 

The following are the more important tables : — 

NnMBER OF SCHOOLS UNDER THK BOARD. 

8.346 
210 



In operation 
Building 



Suspended 



161 



LITER.VRY CLASSIFICATION OF POPII.S. 



Infants 
First Class 
.Second Class 
Third Class 
Fourth Class 
Fifth Class, ist stage 
Fifth Class, 2nd stage 
Sixth Class 

Total 



193.325 

ICQ,332 

98,796 
92,899 
75.667 
54.032 
35.442 
41, '77 

700,670 



2 7-6 
'5-6 
140 



} 42-9 



( 


ONVRNT J 


LND MONASTERY SCHOOLS. 






GEXlCIiAL StTMMARY. 








I'AIU IJV i i'AID IIV 




~ 






















1 " 






^ 






J2 






- '§• 


_>. 


« 


§• 


^ 


J2 


§■ 


= i 


























































!f ' od 


m"^ 




oOi 


bij"^ 


in 


oM 


SjI 




^ B 


2 " 





Z c 


2 V 





Zc 


2 JJ 
























<< 
















z; ! s 


g; 


^ 


<^ 


^ 








H 




! H 






H 




Convents 


346 


t09,442 


58,066 


2S 


8,067 


4,48. 


271! 117,489 


62,547 


IMonasteries ... 


3 
=49 


2,O0I 


977 


33 


8,323 


4,=8g 


36 10,324 


5,266 


Tot.ll ... 


111.423 


59.04 .> 


5S 16,390 8,770 


307, 127,813 


67,8.3 



THE MODEL FARMS. 

THE ALBERT FAR.M. 

With reference to the Albert Model Farm at Glas- 
nevin, the Report says : — 

There has been no material change in the system of 
farming as compared with former years. The crops have 
been fully productive, and a fair profit has been shown 
upon the year's transactions. 

YIELD OF CROPS PER ST.VTUTE ACRE IN STONES 

(14 lb.):- 



— 


1S89. 


1890. 


1S9I. 


Wheat 


224 


3IO 


285 


Oats 


169 


210 


280 


Barley 


224 


208 


232 


Potatoes 


1,760 ■ 


1,120 


1,920 


Turnips 


4,160 


4000 


4,320 


Mangolds ... 


4,640 


6,400 


5,600 


Cabbages ... 


2,880 


4,320 


4,160 



THE JtUNSTER DAIRY FARM. 

Referring to this farm, the Report says : — 

The farm of the Munster Agricultural and Dairy Na- 
tional -School continues to improve. It now stands an 
example of what may be done towards improving land 
through a judicious expenditure in the purchase of suit- 
able feeding materials upon a dairy farm. 

Upon the farm a very large stock of cows is kept. The 
milk production is very great, and although it is admitted 
that the production of milk is one of the most exhaustive 
systems of farming, we have upon this farm an annual 
improvement in the quality of the land, due almost en- 
tirely to the use of a large proportion of artificial food. 
And this food has been used to annual profit also. The 
following table will be studied with interest : — 

DAIRY PRODUCE. 

The yield of milk per cow during the year was 684 
gallons, being 79 gallons less than in i8go. 
The amount realised per cow was : — 



For Butter, 244 lbs., aver; 
New Milk, 
Separated Milk, 
Separated Mitk charged 
to Calves and Pigs, 



. 24d. per lb. 
9d. per eatlon 
2id. „ 



■£^4 '5 



VARIETIES OF POTATOES. 

The following is the result of some interesting ex- 
periments at 40 School Farms, with a view of ascer- 
taining which v.ariety of potato is least liable to disease. 
It will be seen that over half of the cro)) of" Regents" 
was diseased, and less than a half per cent, of " Irish 
Whites." 



Champions, Homegrown ... 8-i 

„ Imported ... 9'o 

Magnum Bonum ... ••. 6'0 

Farmer ... ... ••• 17 

Regent ... ... ... 52'4 

Bruce ... ... ... o-8 

Irish White o"4 

Seedling ... ... ... i9'o 



THE VALUE OF COUNTY CORK 
OATHS. 



During the hearing of a case at the Cork Quarter 
Session, the County Court Judge said : — " He had now 
an experience of nine counties, and he never was in 
any county where it was more necessary to have every 
contract in writing. In every parole contract since 
he came there it had been oath against oath. I*- was 
most awful swearing. He would advise the people in 
this part of the world to put all their contracts in 
writing, because whatever one side swore, the other 
side would swear the contrary." — Cork Constitution, 
19th January, 1893. 



NOTES FliOM IRELAND. 



FATHER M'PADDBN. 



As the chief promoter of the memorial for the release 
of the Gweedore prisoners, Father James M'Fadden is 
once more before the pubhc, and a Radical contem- 
porary has recently published a glowing sketch of this 
soggarth aroon, from which the unsuspecting reader 
will probably infer that he was the prototype of Father 
O'Flynn in the song, the 

"Tinderest teacher 

And powerfuHest preacher 

And kindliest creature in ould Donegal." 
The author of the article dwells lovingly on the 
benevolent character of the good man whose appeal 
has moved Mr. Morley to take such a momentous step 
— on his geniality, his sense of humour, and his heroism 
in endeavouring to save Inspector Martin's life at the 
risk of his own. How far this charming portrait accords 
with reality may be estimated from the following 
prosiac record of Father M'Fadden's antecedents. 

" The Law in Gweedore." 
Before 1889, Father M'Fadden's exploits may be 
summarised as follows : — It was into his hands that a 
considerable sum was entrusted in order that he might 
raise a costly monument to the memory of Patrick 
O'Donnell, who had been hung for assassinating James 
Carey. The promoters of the fund were Miss Ford, 
Mrs. Halvie, and Mrs. Frank Byrne, and a letter to 
these ladies from Father M'Fadden appears in the 
Irish World (Patrick Ford's paper), 25th July. 1885. 
One of the "dear ladies" to whom the letter is ad- 
dressed was Mrs. Frank Byrne, who was entertained 
at a banquet in New York because she was supposed 
to be the person who brought over the knives with 
which the Phcenix Park murders were committed. 
Father M'Fadden also did yeoman's work in organizing 
discontent in his own district. The task was not an eas)- 
one, for not only is that district far from being the 
famine-stricken and congested spot that it is generally 
represented— indeed according to the census returns 
of 1 88 1, it would appear .that Gweedore actually in- 
creased both in population and houses during the last 
period of ten years, when there was a general decrease 
in both in the whole country — but, owing to the enter- 
prise of its principal landlord, the resources of the 
neighbourhood were abundantly helped out by certain 
industries which had been started there. Father 
M'Fadden (vide Co\vper Commission Report, pp. 247, 
249), speedily put things to rights : he boycotted the 
fisheries and the hotel : even the harmless domestic 
industry of knitting fell under the father's ban — for 
the necessary yarn was supplied by the landlord. It 
was not long before the priest could point to a really 
impoverished flock, and demand a reduction of rents 
in view of their hunger .and misery. Alone he did it. 
" I am the law in Gweedore,'' w.as his proud vaunt. 
And for one more than usually outrageous speech de- 
livered in Derryart Ch.apel on January 2nd, 1888, "the 
law in Gweedore " paid the merited penalty of six 
months imprisonment. His original sentence w.as for 
three months. Against this he appealed, but Mr. 
'Webb, the County Court Judge before whom the appeal 
was heard, at Lctterkenny, on April i8th-i9th, 1888, 
increased the sentence to six months. The power of 
the County Court Judge to enh.ance a sentence was 
contested shortly afterwards in the Dublin Exchequer 



Division, and confirmed by the unanimous judg.nent 
of the Chief Baron, Baron Dowse, and Mr. Justice 
.Andrews. Father M'Fadden accordingly served his 
full sentence, and was released from Derry G.aol on 
1 6th October, 1888. 

In i88g. 

Father M'Fadden's responsibility in connection with 
the murder of District-Inspector Martin on February 
3rd, 1889, admits of easy illustr.ation. To begin with, 
it was in the effort to .arrest him for conspiracy that 
this officer lost his life, and F.ather M'Fadden admitted 
under cross-ex.amination that he had deliber.ately and 
systematically evaded arrest. On the day after the 
murder the represent.ative of the Londonderry Sentinel 
telegraphed from the spot: — "It has frequently been 
said that the Rev. Mr. M'Fadden would never be 
.arrested within the bounds of his own p.arish without 
loss of life." As for the assertion that he risked his 
own life to save that of Mr. Martin, there is not a shred 
of evidence in the full report of the trial to warrant 
such an .allegation. A careful perusal of the evidence 
reveals the fact that all the priest did was to cry out 
a couple of times to the crowd " Keep back ! " As soon 
as ever he reached his house the door was slammed 
in the face of the police, .and District-Inspector M.artin 
left to the mercy of the infuriated mob. Th.at the 
door w£is slammed w.as not denied by the defence, 
and one of the police, who w.as himself badly 
injured, swore positively that it was Father M'Fadden 
himself who slammed it. A distinguished English 
Home Ruler, Mr. CromiJton, Q.C., placed on record 
his sense of the admir.able w.ay in which Mr. Justice 
Gibson administered justice at the Maryborough trials 
in October, 18S9, and these are the words in which 
that judge addressed F.ather M'Fadden when he was 
directing that rev. gentleman to be bound over to keep 
the peace : — " 'V'ou must, F.ather M'Fadden, have felt 
deeply and keenly the position in which you now 
stand as a criminal .at the bar of this court, especially 
when you recollect that your ill-advised ev.asion of 
arrest has resulted in the loss of a valuable life." — 
Londonderry Sentinel, 31st October, 1889. 

Neither Father M'P'adden nor his sister gave 
evidence during the trial of Coll, but " the Law in 
Gweedore," who was called as a witness for the defence 
of Gallagher, was subjected to a searching cross-exam- 
in.ation by the Attorney- General, in the course of which 
the geniality and sense of humour of the priest were 
conclusively demonstrated. For example, he admitted 
that he might have comp.ared the police to lepers and 
Talbots (Talbot w.as a detective who w.as assassinated 
in the streets of Dublin), and furthermore it transpired 
that after Mr. jMartin had been brought into his house 
he sat down and ate his luncheon, while he was not 
certain whether the unfortun.ate police officer was alive 
or dead. F'inally, F.ather M'F.adden swore that, after 
all the years which he had resided in Gweedore, he 
was unable to recognise from his windows more than 
one man in all the raging mob wdio beat Mr. Martin 
to death outside his door. This, then, is the man who 
has been chiefly instrumental in procuring the release 
of the Gweedore prisoners. No wonder that Mr. 
Gladstone in one of his Edinburgh speeches in 
October, 1890, described him as an excellent priest. 
— T/ic Globe., 30th December, 1892. 



I'ublished by the lEisa U.nionist Alliance, at tlieir Dublin Offices, 109 
GraftoQ Street, and Loiidun Offices, 26 Palace Chambeis, Westminster, S. W. 



NOTES FROM IRELAND 



* * A Record of the sayings and doings of the Home Rule Parties in the furtherance of their " Separatist" Policy 
for Ireland ; and of facts connected with the country. For the information of the Imperial Parliament, the Press, 
and the Public generally. 



No. 4.— Vol. 1.— New Series. 28th JANUARY, 1893. 



Price Id. 



®ontc»tta. 

The Laxd Market — The K:ngs of Ireland 

The Meatu Vacancies— The Irish Law Officers 

Amnesty— Mk3sr->. W. O'Brie.v and T. Heaia on the 
Irish Priests ... 

Rei.ea.se OF Egan the Dynamiter 

A Diurnal ... ... 

The Cork Corporation and the New Asylum Gover- 
nors 

Kerry Ar,iT.\TORs and Creameries — Ireland Under 
Mr. Mokley 

When DocTOBS Differ 



page 
25 
26 

27 
28 
29 

30 

31 
32 



THE LAND MARKET. 

Value of Land near Kanturk. — On Saturday, 
2rst January, at the Kanturk Courthouse, Mr. James 
O'Keeffe, auctioneer, Kanturk, put up for sale the 
interest of Mr. Mat IMurphy, of Macroom, in a farm 
which he held at Meeliheera, near this town, containing 
125 statute acres, held at a yearly rent (fixed by 
consent) of jf^.To, the old rent being ;^io4, the Poor- 
law valuation being ;^ 7 4 15s. A large number were 
present at the auction, and the bidding was of a 
most spirited character. Eventually the farm was 
knocked down to Mr. Collins, Clonakilty, at the hand- 
some figure of ;if 700 and auction fees. Mr. H. H. 
Ban-}', Solicitor, Kanturk, had carriage of sale. — Cork 
Examiner, 23rd January, 1893. 



The following letter has been addressed to the 
newspaper Press : — - 

Can you or any of your readers explain how it 
comes to pass that in the face of all we hear and read 
of agricultural depression tenant-right is selling so 
high ? 1 have asked many of my farming friends, but 
they only laugh, and can give no reason. There have 
been ten farms sold on the Somerset estate during the 
past year (1892). The rent of these is ^^144 los., 
and tiie purchase-money of tenant-right, ^3,568 los., 
not far from twenty-five years' purchase. Perhaps 
our friend, Mr. Richard Hunter's eloquence has 
something to do with it, and as 5 per cent, auction 
fees would come to ^178 8s. 6d., he for one is a 
gainer, and 1 am glad of it. The last sale was on the 
same day, 1 believe — or, at all events, in the same 
week — that the meeting of the " Old Tenant-Right 
Association of Ringsend, Letterloan, and Somerset " 
was held, as announced in your last issue, and about 



half a mile from the place of meeting. The rent of 
the farm is ^{,'14 14s. 3d.; purchase-money, /, 3 30. 
It seems a greater puzzle than the "missing-word" 
competition. James Sinclair. 

Dundarg, Coleraine, Co. Derry, 
January 4. 



Land Sale. — On 3rd inst. Messrs. Ferguson and 
I Harvey, auctioneers, 48 Upper Arthur Street, Belfast, 
and Lisburn, sold that farm of land situate in the 
I Townland of Drumbo, Parish of Drambo, and County 
i of Down, containing 19a. 3r., statute measure, held 
by the vendor, Mr. James Davidson, under Mrs. 
Weigh, for a statutory term, at the yearly judicial rent 
of ^21 los. There is an excellent dwelling-house 
and suitable office-houses on the farm." The farm is 
situate about tliree miles from Lisburn and five and a 
half miles from Uelfast. Mr. Francis Thom, of Coat- 
bridge, Scotland, was the purchaser at jQdoo, being 
upwards of ^"30 per statute acre. — Belfast papers, 
nth January, 1893. 

THE KINGS OP IRELAND. 



In Whitakers Almanack for 1S93 there is a short and 
succinct account of the Kings of Ireland, dating from 
the Milesian Conquest in 1300 B.C. There is appa- 
rently no record of the fate of the first two kings ; they 
were probably translated. But from the year 1285 
B.C. to the Christian Era, out of 169 kings, 15 died, 
so to speak, a natural death ; 4 died of malignant, 
distemper or plague ; and the rest were either killed in 
battle or died other violent deaths. 

From the Christian Era to the reign of Henry the 
Second of England the record is not more promising. 
There were apparently 78 kings : of these 13 died 
natural deaths, that is to say, that they presumably 
did not live long enough to enable them to share the 
fate of their predecessors and successors ; i was 
drowned in a fog ; i had 30 sons, in itself enough to 
cause death; i was choked by a fish bone; 3 were 
killed by "thunderbolts," but as the 3 reigned suc- 
cessively it is not unreasonable to suppose that the 
"thunderbolts" were but "rocks,"' "hefted" by the 
hands of aspirants to the throne ; the remaining 59 
succumbed to the inevitable assassination or death in. 
the battle field. Happy Ireland ! 



XOTES FHOM IliELAyjJ. 



THE MEATH VACAITCIBS. 



THE CLERICAL CANDIDATES. 

The Evening Herald (Parnellite), referring to 
the campaign now opened, says : — 

It is evident tliat tlie priests are determined to take 
as prominent a j)art in the forthcoming contest as 
they did in the last election. We respectfully suggest 
to them the advisability of doing nothing of the kind. 
The intolerance of such proceedings becomes more 
conspicuous now by reason of the calibre of the can- 
didate on whose behalf it is practised. Of Mr. Gibney 
no one seems to know anything — good, bad, or indif- 
ferent. His sole recommendation appears to be that 
he is able to pay his own expenses, and that he is 
willing to allow himself to be utilised in an inglorious 
campaign against the individual liberties of his fellow- 
countrymen. Mr. Jordan is a horse of another colour, 
and he must be judged by the opinion of his col- 
leagues. Mr. VVni. O'Brien once delicately alluded 
to him as the biggest humbug he ever met, and Mr. 
Parnell frankly told him he was only a miserable Whig. 
In the e.xciting days of Coercion Mr. Jordan preferred 
selhng pig's cheeli to resisting the passage of the 
Coercion Bill through the House of Commons. It 
is true that Mr. O'Brien, with an adaptability of 
admiration which generally characterises vain and 
hysterical politicians, now lavishes fulsome benedic- 
tion and adulation on " the greatest humbug he ever 
met." — Evening Herald, 20th January, 1893. 

On Friday, 20th January, a meeting was held 
at Oldcastle in support of Mr. Gibney. I he 
Rev. J. Grehan, P.P., presided. The rev. chair- 
man in his speech said : — 

They would have to win now with such a majority 
as would for ever give the quietus to factionism in 
Meath and put an end to Parnellism in that part of 
the country. (Cheers.) . . . J n voting for Mr. Gibney 
the people were voting for the National Party — (cheersj 
— and they were votmgfor a man who would have the 
approval of the people of North Meath, and of the 
priests and bishop as well. (Cheers.) — Frccmans 
Journal, 21st January, 1S93. 



Another meeting of the clerical forces was 
held at Summerhill in the Southern division on 
Sunday, January 22nd. Mr. T. M. Healy being 
the speaker of the day. The Rev. John Fay, 
P.P., presided, and he was supported by nine 
clergymen. Mr. Healy, as usual, could not 
refrain from personalities. The hon. member, 
in want of better argument for abuse, referred to 
the money earned by his rivals and late colleagues. 
He said ; — 

John Redmond was very glad to get ;}£^5oo a year 
from Mr. Gladstone in 1880. Gladstone was the 
grandest fellow in the world then. (Cheers.) Vou 



should see Johjiny in the Bill Office of the House of 
Commons handing out bills — not Home Rule Bills, 
Gladstone was bringing in Coercion Bills then ; but 
Redmond was glad to draw his ;!£^5oo a year, and to 
hand these bills out to the members — a job which he 
got by the influence of his father at the same time as 
he got Billie a militia jacket. Dr. Kenny, one of 
their members, is under a pledge. He has ;^5oo 
a year as coroner for the city of Dublin, and has an 
inquest to hold every day on a corpse. He is bound 
to be there. How, I ask, can a man attend in 
Parliament when he has to hold an inquest in Dublin. 
(Laughter.) 

In another part of his oration Mr. Healy took 
the opportunity of having a slap at Mr. Justice 
O'Brien, wl\om he recently appeared before at 
Trim Court-house. The learned judge's salary 
irritated the speaker ; a matter we are at a loss 
to understand, as Mr. Healy some day may be 
drawing the same salary in a similar capacity. 
When, of course, the unseating of a patriot, 
returned to Parliament by clerical undue in- 
fluence and intimidation, would not be tolerated. 
Here is Mr. Healy's words : — 

Did you ever know any good cause for which Irish 
priests were not sent to jail? And your seats are 
vacated by the very judges — Catholic judges — who 
would not be sitting on the Bench but for Catholic 
Emancipation, won in Clare by priests like Father 
Fay. (Cheers.) And what have the priests got for 
it? The judges have got their salaries, but the priests 
have only got their rosaries. Are the priests any 
richer for Catholic Emancipation? What has Eman- 
cipation done for you ? It has given Judge William 
O'Brien ;^'3,ooo a year — -^3,000 a year, won by the 
labours of Daniel O'Connell, backed up at every 
hand's-turn by the hierarchy and clergy of Ireland. 
(Cheers.) — Freeman's Journal, 23rd January, 1893, 



THE IRISH LAW OFFICERS. 



The Daily News of the i6th inst., in referring to 
the three Irish vacancies, viz.. North and South 
Meath, and North-East Cork, the latter owing 
to the double return of Mr. Wm. O'Brien, makes 
the following significant admission ; — 

" No Irish Law Officer of the Crown has at present 
a seat in either House of Parliament. The Lord 
Chancellor is not a Peer. Neither the Attorney-General 
nor the SoHcitor-General is a member of the House 
of Commons. Unless some remedy can be devised 
for this state of things, Mr. Morley is likely to be some- 
what embarrassed in the discharge of his official and 
Parliamentary (unctions." 



j^otes Prom ijieland. 



27 



AMNESTY. 



MR. DILLON V. MR. REDMOND. 
Speaking from the chair of the Federation meet- 
ing in Dublin, utli Januarj', Mr. John Dillon, 
M.P., referring to Mr. Redmond's remarks of the 
previous night, at the Workmen's Club, on the 
question of the release of the dynamite convicts, 
said : — 

" He CMr. Redmond) is going to move an amend- 
ment to the Address. (Laughter.) Did he remem- 
ber the explosion at Exchange Court ? I say that the 
men who exploded the bomb at Exchange Court have 
locked the door on the prisoners for the time being ; 
and I say it is not a time, when that explosion is a 
recent event, to challenge the verdict of Parliament on 
the question of amnesty. If it were the bitterest 
enemy that amnesty has in these countries he could 
not select a better way of injuring and blocking the 
cause of amnesty than to ch.iUenge the verdict of 
Parliament at a time when men's minds are inflamed, 
and when passions have been aroused by that das- 
tardly, base, and detestable cnme committed in 
Dublin. (Cheers). — Freeman'' s Journal^ 12th January, 
1893. 



"AS VAIN AS A PEACOCK, AND ABOUT AS 
INTELLIGENT." 

At Oldcastle, Co. Meath, on Sunday, 15th 
January, Mr. John Redmond alluded to above 
statement, and said : — 

Mr. Dillon says that to bring on the Amnesty debate 
in ParHament would be a foolish proceeding. Mr. 
Dillon, from his superabundance of political wisdom, 
calls us political fools. I was reminded the other day 
of a statement of a friend and colleague of mine who 
heard Mr. Parnell, in a moment of irritation no doubt, 
but in a moment of candour, say of Mr. John Dillon : 
'■'He is as vain as a peacock and about as intelligent.'" 
(Loud laughter). I was greatly touched the other day 
by a plaintive statement of Mr. Healy in Newcastle-on- 
Tyne. Mr. Healy is, no doubt, a political savage, but 
after all he is the only man of brains amongst them, 
and I sympathised with him heartily when he complained 
io an English audience that he was surrounded in 
Ireland by a lot of mediocrities. Mr. Dillon, from his 
superabundant political wisdom, lectures us on our 
political folly. 1 tell him that in bringing the Amnesty 
question before Parliament again I am convinced we are 
not doing merely a patriotic thing but a wise thing ; and 
I will set an opinion against the opinion of Mr. I'illon. 
'i'he day after Mr. Dillon made his speech, which was 
reported in England, I received a letter from a 
prominent 

ENGLISH LIBERAL MEMBER OF PARLIAMENT, 

none of your cranks, but a good solid party man. 
And what was his verdict upon the wisdom of my 
proposal ? He wrote to me to say that I might count 
upon his voice and vote in the coming Amnesty debate, 
and that being so I am prepared to take his view of 
what would be the wise course in the EngUsh I'arlia- 
jnent on this question far sooner than I would take the 



opinion of Mr. Dillon. We say on this Amnesty ques- 
tion that we are determined that, no settlement of the 
National question can be regarded as full, complete, or 
satisfactory, which does not extend the principle of 
Amnesty to every Irishman who is suffering for a 
political offence. — Independent, 1 6th January, 1893. 



MESSRS. W. O'BRIEN AND T. HEALY 
ON THE IRISH PRIESTS. 



Mr. Patrick O'Brien, ex-M.P., speaking at 
a meeting in connection with the "Army ot In- 
dependence" held at Cork on the 18th January, 
said : — 

He was there in the city of Cork on the occasion of 
the election in which his friend, John Redmond, was 
the candidate, and he asked William O'Brien to deny 
it if he cuuld that he told him when the divorce case 
was pending, when he (the speaker) reminded him 
that he feared a disruption in the Irish party, because 
he thought the bishops and priests would attack poor 
Parnell if a British jury brought a verdict against him, 
and William O'Brien answered him — "Have no fear, 
my boy ; the bishops tried to fall Parnell before, and 
be beat them to the earth, and if they went to attack 
him again we will back him up to the last fence." He 
cliallenged him in the streets of Cork to deny it if he 
dared, but he never did, because he could not. (Hear, 
hear.) That man went out that day, like a miserable 
sneak that he was, to hide behind the skirts of the 
priests of Meath to try and win a paltry election. He 
promised them th.at he would • bar that toss." (Cheers.) 
Before another week \vas over he would be in Meath; 
and meet William O'Brien. De would fight him inch 
by inch, and he had the utmost confidejice that the 
men of Royal Meath would send Billy O'Brien bag 
and baggage out of Meath. (.Applause. Willie O'Brien 
is the mere footstool of that foul-tongued ruffian, 1 im 
Uealy. (,Loud hisses.) Willie O'Brien had told him 
on Good Friday in the Cork Courthouse when they 
were both prisoners that the cause of the whole attack 
on Parnell was the miserable set of the Bantiy gang. 
lie told hiin that he might tell Parnell — as he was 
likely to be released before him — when he ( W lUiam 
O'Brienj would get out of jail he would try and settle 
the dispute on honourable terms for Parnell, and if he 
did not do so he would go down to Mallow and resign 
his seat, and that he would never raise his hand or 
voice against Parnell. They knew what Wm. O'Brien 
did when he got out of jail. 

Referring to Mr. T. Healy, M.P., Mr. O'Brien 
said : — 

He saw a letter in the possession of a prominent 
citizen, in which Tim Healy, dealing with the influence 
of priests which was brought to bear to boycott the 
men who stood by Parnell, said that the contest smelt 
of priests in every line of it, and he wound up by say- 
ing, " Damn that crowd," meaning the priests. He 
would not endorse Mr. Ilealy's dirty language. ("Ap- 
plause.) They were in the parish of Canon O'Mahony, 
who was alleged to have said that he would put horns 
on him. W ell, there he was, and there were no more 
horns on his forehead than there was on a puck goat 
after twenty-four hours. 



S8 



Jfi^OTES FROM IRELAND. 



RELEASE OF EGAN THE DYNA- 
MITER. 



By order of the Home Office, the dynamiter, James 
Egan, received his discharge from the convict estab- 
lishment at Portland on Saturday afternoon. 

James F. Egan was arrested on April ii, 1S84. 
On the first day in August that year he was sentenced 
by Mr. Justice Hawkins at Warwick to 20 years' 
penal servitude for treason-felony. Egan, for about 
four years prior to his arrest, had lived with his wife 
and family in the suburb of Sparkbrook, in Birming- 
ham, where he was employed in a merchant's office, 
and where he was looked upon as a steady, sober, 
trustworthy Irishman. His arrest on the charge of 
having engaged in dynamite conspiracies came quite 
as a surprise to those who had known him. He was 
so quiet, so inoffensive, so unUkely to harbour malice 
and murder in his mind. But his trial proved otherwise. 

With Egan lived John Daly, who is now undergoing 
sentence of penal servitude for life. Daly had know n 
Egan while at Birkenhead, and in the summer of 1882, 
when Daly deemed it advisable to come to llirming- 
ham, he took up his lodgings with the Egan family. 
One fact abundantly clear is that Egan, whatever was 
his actual sh-ire in the conspiracies of that time, well 
knew the character of Daly as an active member of 
the Irish Republican Brotherhood. At Birkenhead 
he had passed under the name of Denman, and at 
Birmingham he was known variously as Denman and 
O'Donnell, while Egan was fully aware that his real 
name was John L>aly. It was towards the end of 
1883 that Daly and Egan were first suspected by the 
Birmingham police of participation in dynamite con- 
spiracies. The numerous explosions of that year and 
the year preceding it, together with the capture of 
Whitehead, the maker of tons of nitro-glycerine, and 
his sentence, with fellow-conspirators, to penal servi- 
tude for life, had made the local police alert and 
active. Daly's history was obtained,-and for months 
and months his every movement was watched. He 
was shadowed from place to place, sometimes by 
detectives, more often by small boys — the sons of 
policemen — trained for the work. So was it with 
Egan, though he was easily tracked, leaving as he did 
every morning for his office in the city. But wherever 
Daly or Egan went they were shadowed. In this 
service a corps of small boys were employed. Half 
of its members would gather about breakfast-time 
somewhere in the neighbourhood of Egan's house, and 
there would gambol and caper with each other, much 
after the manner of innocent youngsters, until either 
of the men for whom they were waitmg left the houre, 
which was under surveillance. Then three of their 
number would follow I)aly, or Egan, as the case 
might be, mounting tramcars whenever the shadowed 
person did, or runnmg alongside the omnibus on which 
he might be seated. Now and then one of the boys 
would break away from his companions to convey 
information to the detectives stationed at various 
points. 

In this way Daly and Egan's various places of call 
in Birmingham were discovered, and detectives were 
then placed upon duty, generally at houses overlook- 
ing those spots, to mark the movements of the men. 
One of the resorts so discovered proved to be a 



meeting-place for members of the Irish Republican 
Brotherhood, and a police constable became a member 
of that body, with the result that he, at the trial of the 
dynamiters, was able to give, perhaps, the most serious 
evidence laid against Egan. He swore that at a meet- 
ing of the Brotherhood upon the evening of February 
25, 1884 — a lew hours, that is, before the explosion 
at Victoria Station in London, and before the other 
cloak-room explosions were intended to happen — 
Egan was heard to say : " This night we shall be 
avenged. We shall be free." 

On February 9, 1881, Daly hurriedly left Egan's 
house at Sparkbrook. He drove to the railway 
station, took a third-class ticket for Wolverhampton, 
which is some thirteen miles from Birmingham. 
Travelling by the same train were two detectives. At 
Wolverhampton he booked for Birkenhead, and the 
detectives went with him. At the railway station at 
Birkenhead he was observed to look anxiously about 
the platform. He louered about for a few moments, 
and then walked away. He lodged at a house in the 
town, and for two days the detectives kept watch 
upon him. Early upon the morning of the nth he 
set out again for the railway station, where he procured 
a ticket tor Birmingham. As he was about to enter 
the train the detectives seized him. Four parcels 
were found in his possession. One of these was 
marked — " Glass — do not break," and contained two 
small pen boxes, one bearing an inscription, with 
instructions for using the contents, and six small 
bottles, about half hlled with sulphuric acid and 
corked with indiarubber. On another parcel were 
instructions for dealing with the chemicals. The 
packages also contained four bombs and dynamite. 

These bombs only required the insertion of the 
sulphuric acid to make them ready for detonation. 
He was then handed over to the Birkenhead police. 
That afternoon a warrant for the arrest of Egan and 
a search warrant as applying to his house were granted 
by the Birmingham magistrates. On Egan's return 
home from the city he was taken into custody. 

For some days the police searched the house for 
incriminating documents without av,ail. It was then 
decided to dig up the garden plot in front of the 
building. This was done, and a tin can containing 
several documents was unearthed. One of the docu- 
ments related to the Irish Republic. It provided for 
the establishment of a supreme counc 1, electoral 
districts, and district and county centres'. The pro- 
ceedings of the constitution were to be secret, by 
order of the supreme council. This Irish Republic 
or Fenian Brott^rhood was an organisation which 
had been in existence since August, 1868, and was 
formed to establish an Irish Republic for the specific 
purpose of levying war of a permanent character. 
Another printed document called upon the organisa- 
tion to tree the country when England was at war, 
stating that the Irish Republicans had the confidence 
ot their transatlantic brethren. The police also found 
three copies of a Code of Rules for the government 
of the Irish Republic and Brotherhood in the South 
of England Division. Another document addressed 
to Egan, and dated " November 12, 1873," was found, 
signed " J. B.," and said — " My dear James, — In 
answer to your inquiry about young Ridings, I enclose 
you the reply I received." 

{Continued on page 30), 



yOTES FROM IRELAND. 



29 



A DIURNAL 



OP EVENTS RELATING TO IRELAND. 



January 21. — James Egan released 
from Portland Prison by order of Home 
Secretary. Met at Portland by Mr. 
John Barry, M.P., who accompanied 
him to London. 

Egan was arrested in Birmingham and 
convicted on 29th July, 1SS4, at Warwicl 
Assizes, under the rreason-Felony Act. 

— Meeting of Clare magistrates at 
Ennis, presided over by Lord Inchiquin 
to take into consideration the state of 
county. Series of resolutions passed 
calling the attention of Government to 
the disturbed state of the county. 

23. — Amnesty meeting in Limerick 
resolved to call on all Irish Nationalist 
members to demand general amnesty for 
political prisoners. 

Mr. T. M. Healy, M.P., speaking at 
Summerhill, Meath, said " His Party 
had been consulted, through their com- 
mittee, on the Home Rule Bill." 

— In the Queen's Bench an Order of 
Attachment, moved for against County- 
Inspector Waters, in charge of Royal 
Irish Constabular}', Co. Kerry, for a con- 
tempt of court in relusing to assist the 
Sheriff of Co. Kerry in the execution of 
writs oifi.fa. at night. 

23. — James Egan, the released dyna 
mitard, in a telegram to Mr. john 
Redmond, M.P., stating that he will be 
present at an Amnesty demonstration 
in Dublin on Sunday. He states that 
" Governments never give anything until 
they are embarrassed." 

24. — Announcement made that Thos. 
Callan, sentenced at Old Bailey in 18SS 
to filteen years penal servitude as a 
dynamiter, was on the 21st iust. released 
irom Portland, and left for America. It 
was proved at Callan's trial that the 
amount of dynamite found at his lodgings 
at the time ol his arrest amounted to 27 
lbs. 13 ozs., particles ol the same dynamite 
being founa in his portmanteau. 

— In Hall of Four Courts Mr. Pierce 
Mahony, ParnelUte candidate tor vacant 
seat in Meath, assaulted Mr. M. j. Kenny, 
anti-I'arnellite M. P. (Mid-Tyrone), 'ihe 
alleged cause of the assault being a 
speech Mr. Kenny is reported to have 
made at Moynalty on previous day, in 
which he referred to Mr. Mahony's 
mother. Mr. Mahony brought before 
magistrate and committed for trial upon 

bail. 

— Meeting of Unionists in Bally- 
mena. Chair taken by Lord O'Neill, 
who, in his speech, contrasted the variety 
of classes and creeds in Ireland which 
were in favour of the Union with the one 
class and creed which were against it. 
Among those present were — Right Hon. 



John Young, P.C., D.L. ; Captain M'Cal- 1 present the commerce and intelligence 
inont, M.P. (East Antrim); Very Rev. of the country, and it would injure thenl 
the Dean of Connor, &c. in all their material interests." 



— ■ Mr. Joseph Chamberlain was the 
principal speaker at a dinner given at 
Birmingham in honour of Mr. Auslen 
Chamberlain. Mr. Chamberlain said the 
time was fast coming when the Govern- 
ment would have to drop the mask of 
studious concealment of the Home Rule 
policy. Referring to the releases of 
Egan and Callan Mr. Chamberlain char- 
acterised the action of the Government 
as " a scandalous abuse, for political pur- 
poses, of the clemency of the Crown. 
They were the blackmail which the 
Government is paying to sedition and 
outrage. 

— The Earl of Zetland, Ex-Lord 
Lieutenant of Ireland, entertained at 
dinner at Richmond, Yorkshire, in re- 
cognition of his services in Ireland 
Lord Zetland, in the course of his 
speech, entered with great care into a 
detailed account of the work accom- 
plished in Ireland during his viceroyalty. 
He severely criticised the action of the 
present Irish Executive in suspending the 
Crimes Act, appointing a "one-sided 
Commission to deal with the cases of the 
evicted tenants, displacing old and tried 
members of the Lunacy Boards, and re 
leasing the Gweedore and other prisoners. 

125. — Fornightly meeting of Irish Na- 
tional Federation, held under presidency 
of Mr. Alfred Webb, M.P. The Chair 
man, in his address, said: — "The sue 
cess of the Protestants of Ireland in 
future would depend upon the good-will 
of their Catholic fellow-countrymen." 

- Meeting of members of Irish In- 
dustries Association in Royal University 
Buildings. Chair taken by the Lord 
Lieutenant. Amongst those present 
were — His Grace the Archbishop ol 
Dublin (Lord PlunUett), Lord Powers- 
court, K.P. ; The Earl of Fingall, the 
Lord Chancellor, Sir Charles Cameron, 
Hon. Horace Plunkett, M.P. ; Right Hon. 
T. A. Dickson, Right Hon. Ion Trant 
Hamilton. 



26. — Annual Convention of Irish Land- 
owners held in Leinster Hall. His Grace 
the Duke of Abercorn occupied the 
chair, and there was a large attendance 
of delegates. 1 he Chairman, in opening 
the proceedings, said : — " The Conven- 
tion was not a political organisation, but 
although Home Rule was simply a party 
, and a mere political question in 
parts of the kingdom — in Ireland it must 
always be something more. It was, in 
short, true that the project was otlensive 
to the sentiments and astray to the wishes 
of the vast majority of those who re- 



— In Queen's Bench Division Court 
refused application to admit to bail 
prisoners charged with firing at Sheriff's 
bailiffs near TuUa, Co. Clare. 

— Great Unionist Banquet given in 
the Round Room of the Rotunda. Dub- 
lin, to the Hon Horace Plunkett and 
Messrs. R. M. Dane, M.P. (North Fer- 
managh), H. O. Arnold Forster, M.P. 
(West Belfast), \Vm. Kenny, Q.C , M.P. 
(Stephen's Green), and John Ross, Q.C, 
M.P. (Londonderry City), in honour of 
the capture of these seats from the 
Nationalist party by whom they were 
held previous to the late General Elec- 
tion. The Right Hon. Ion Trant Plamil- 
ton, B.M.L., presided, and was supported 
on the right by— Mis Grace the Duke of 
Abercorn. K.G. ; lion. Horace Plunkett, 
M.P. ; Right Hon. Lord Ashbourne, 
John Ross, Esq,, Q,C., M.P. ; John R. 
Wigham, Esq., J. P. ; Lord Maurice Fitz- 
gerald, the Most Worshipful the Mayor 
ut Derry, theViscount de Vesci. the Earl 
of lianturly.and the Earl of Donoughmore. 
And on the left by — The Earl of Rosse, 
Wm. Kenny, t^sq., Q.C, M.P, ; the Earl 
of Belmore, H. (J. Arnold Forster, Esq., 
M P. ; Sir Richard Martin, Bart., D.L. ; 
R. M. Dane, Ksq.. M.P. ; the Earl of 
Arran, G.W.Wollt, Esq., M.P. ; the Lord 
Castletown, and the Earl of Kingston. 
The general company, numbering over 
400, included— The Earl of Pembroke, 
the Earl of P'ingall, the Earl of Longford, 
the Earl of Mayo, the Earl of Clonmeli, 
the Earl of Bandon, the Viscount Tem- 
pletown, the Lord Cloncurry, the Earl 
Dunally, the Lord Longford, the Lord 
jNfonteagle, the Lord Rathdonnell, the 
Baron de Robeck, the Right Hod. John 
Atkinson (Ex Attorney-General), Sir 
Thomas P. Butler, Bart., D.L. ; Sir 
Montagu Chapman, Bart. ; Sir Oriel 
Forster, Bart. ; Sir Percy Grace, Bart., 
U.L. ; Sir John Dillon, Bart. ; Sir Douglas 
Brooke, Bart. ; Sir Charles Barrington, 
Bart. ; Sir Henry Lawrence, Bart. ; Sir 
Edward Sullivan, Bart. ; Sir Howard 
Grubb.F.R.S ; Ed.Carson,Esq.,Q.C.,M.P, 
R. A. Penrose Fitzgerald, Esq., M.P., 
&c. Plis Grace the Duke of Abercorn pro- 
posed the health of the guests, to which 
they responded. Lord Ashbourne (ex- 
Lord Chancellor of Ireland), proposed 
the toast of " The Unionist Cause and 
Prosperity to Ireland," which was re- 
sponded to by G. W. Wolff, Esq., M.P. 
(East Belfast), Dr. Acheson Maci_ullagh 
(Mayor of Derry), and J. R. Wigham, Esq., 
J. P. (Hon. Sec. to the Dublin Chamber of 
Commerce). The proceedings which were 
throughout of the most enthusiastic na- 
ture, concluded by Sir Richard Martin, 
Bart., D.L., proposing the health of the 
Chairman, 



S6 



NOTES FROM IRELAND^ 



The letter referred to some person who was known 
by the initials " P. M.," and also alluded to the pur- 
chase of " small goods," meaning revolvers, and the 
fact that the writer had heard nothing from the Brad- 
ford man. One letter in the tin. dated April i6, 1874, 
was signed " P. Moran," and requested Egan to see 
him respecting the general meeting of the officers of 
the constitution ; and another document referred to 
five pairs of " long clothers," supposed to mean 
rifles, and some " small clothers," supposed to mean 
revolvers. A letter, dated June 19, 1874, was signed 
" Macdonald, D.C.," meaning district centre. Nine 
cartridges were also in the tin case, seven for rifles and 
two for revolvers. Another document set forth that 
there had been received at some English centre of the 
I.R.B., between the years 1879 and 1881 2S4 rifles and 
702 revolvers, and that the number previously in hand 
was — rifles, 1,194; guns, 1.656; revolvers, 1,878. 
There was also found in the pocket of a pair of 
trousers in Daly's bedroom a document showing that 
a large number of firearms had been purchased, and 
another giving the names of persons resident in Eng- 
land and America. But a more important find than 
even these documents was made in Egan's gar-den. 
I.ate at night or early in the morning a police constable 
turned up \\ith his spade a bottle of nitro-glycerine. 

In Daly's pockets various incriminating documents 
relating to dynamite conspiracies were found, but he 
repeatedly pointed out that Egan knew nothing of 
these, and, in fact, was innocent of the whole business, 
not even having any knowledge of the burial of the 
nitro-glycerine. 

The greatest excitement jsrevailed in Birmingham 
during the trial of the prisoners. The Whitehead and 
Dr. Gallagher revelations had preceded the Daly and 
Egan arrests by such a short period that the public 
mmd was quickly exercised by the news of further 
dynamite conspiracies. To heighten, if possible, the 
palpitating interest in the case, a rumour was spread 
abroad that a movement was on foot to effect the 
escape of the prisoners, and some colour was lent to 
this by the extraordinary precautions taken by the 
police. When Daly and Egan were brought up for 
trial at the Shire Hall in Warwick, the building was 
barricaded, and no person was allowed to pass into 
court except by ticket. The prisoners were conveyed 
from the gaol in a van guarded by a detachment of 
the 80th Regiment, and by mounted police armed 
with revolvers. The gaol itself was strongly guarded 
by a military force, and the judge was conveyed under 
escort to and from the court-house. 

Daly made a speech in his defence. While prac- 
tically admitting his guilt, he pleaded for the discharge 
of his comrade. But the jury found that Egan was a 
party to the conspiracy to employ bombs, though, as 
the judge said, " it was clear he was not so steeped 
in crime " as his confederate. 



THE CORK CORPORATION AND 
THE NEW ASYLUM GOVERNORS. 



At the meeting of the Corporation on Friday evening 
a long and heated discussion took place on the 
appointments of Lunatic Asylum Governors by Mr. 
Morley. 



The Mayor (.Mderman Augustine Roche) brought 
forward a letter from Dublin Castle announcing that 
the gentlemen whose names have already been pub- 
lished have been appointed as Governors of the Cork 
Lunatic A.sylum. 

Councillor Bany asked the Town Clerk how many 
names were sent up by the Corporation to represent 
them on the Lunatic Asylum Board ? 

The Town Clerk said there were four names sent 
forward, and they were appointed, with the exception 
of Alderman John O'Brien. 

Mr. Barry said that those who had been .appointed 
should not accept the position except the four names 
sent forw.ird were all selected. (Hear, hear.) He 
also thought that the Corporation's cheque should be 
refused to the Asylum to bring the Castle to its senses. 

Mr. Barrett referred to the rejection of the High 
Sheriff, Mr. Day, and said that no matter what reason 
there was for rejecting Alderman O'Brien there was 
none for rejecting Mr. Day, who was unanimously 
selected by the Corporation. 

Alderman Horgan said that his name was not 
rejected, as supposed, because it was never before the . 
Castle .at all. 

Alderman O'Brien said he didn't know whether he ■ 
was a worse character now when rejected by the 
Castle for a governorship of the asylum, than he was . 
when Mr. Morley thought him good enough to have 
a private interview with. (Hear, hear.) As for the 
Whigs, it was only necessary to put a sop in their 
mouth in the shape of some appointment, and they 
were silenced. When this snul) was put upon the- 
Corporation of Cork he thought that the boycott was. 
as bad coming from the Liberals as from any other 
Government. 

Sir John Scott — The Government should not be 
embarrassed. (Laughter.) 

Mr. Hall, referring to the rejection of the High 
Sheriff's name, said it was very strange the authorities 
in Dublin should reject him after being unanimously 
chosen as High Sheriff by the Corporation. There was 
something behind the scenes. He suggested that a 
strong protest be sent to Mr. .Morley for striking off the 
High Sheriff's name. (Hear, hear.) 

Alderman Flavin (Anti-Parnellite), said that when 
he heard Mr. Day's name was struck off he was much 
surprised, and expressed it. (Hear, hear.) 

Alderman Crean, M. P. ( Anti-Parnellite), said that 
the Corporation had certainly a right to select their 
representatives on the Asylum Board. He would 
suggest that they should demand from the Castle an 
explanation as to why the four nominees sent forward 
were not appointed. 

Alderman Horgan said that from Mr. Crean's con- 
nection with the question, when they were fighting 
the Castle, this was v/hat he would expect from him. 
As to the rejection of the High Sheriff, he said the 
Castle must have gone out of their way to do so, as his 
name was before them. 

Mr. Hall then moved that the Council strongly pro- 
test against the exclusion of the High Sheriff's name 
from the list of Governors, and that they would ask for 
an explanation. 

Mr. Barry seconded the resolution, which was passed , 
unanimously. 



yOTES FROM IliELAyD. 



Sir John Scott said that the selections were made on 
party lines. 

Alderman Crean then moved that they ask for an ex- 
planation of the Castle as to \\\\y the four names sent 
forward were not all appointed. 

Sir John Scott moved as an amendment that they 
ask an explanation as to why Alderman O'Brien's name 
was rejected. 

Alderman Sheehan seconded the amendment. 

Alderman O'Brien said that perhaps he was rejected 
because he made a speech against grabbing at Blarney 
a short time ago. 

After a heated and mixed discussion a poll was taken, 
when there voted — 

For the amendment ... ... 17 

For Mr. Crean's motion ... 11 

Majority ... ... 6 

The Council then broke up. 



KERRY AGITATORS AND 
CREAMERIES. 



On Friday evening, the 13th January, a meeting 
was held in the National Federation Room, 
Listowel, Co. Kerry, for the purpose of protest- 
ing against the proposed establishment of a 
creamery in the town and its vicinity. Mr. 
G. L. Stack, C.T.C., was moved to the chair. 

Resolutions were passed condemning the proposal 
of the introduction of the creamery into the town or 
district as a step which they believed and were fully 
convinced would be detrimental to the best interests 
of the people of the town and district, and calling 
upon the traders and farmers of the district not to 
extend any support to the project. The second stated 
that it would appear that the landlords ivere anxious 
for the carrying out of the project, so that they might be 
able to stock their evicted farms. 

Mr. P. D. Griffin addressed the meeting at con- 
siderable length. In the course of his remarks he 
said the promoters of the creamery told them that 
they were getting a very bad price for their butter 
made under the present system, but when the farmers 
carried their milk to the creamery, it was not for their 
butter they would be paid, but for the whole milk. It 
did not matter to the farmer that the proprietor of the 
creamery got £^\ per cwt. for the butter, for he (the 
farmer) would be only paid for his milk at so much 
per gallon, and he would be at the mercy of the man 
who would test the milk, which the farmers did not 
understand. He asked how long would a farmer be 
training himself and his boys or girls, whom he would 
send with the milk to the creamery, to understand 
the testing process ; the payment, he beHeved, at the 
rate of gd. per gallon overproof ; 8d. per gallon proof; 
and at cheaper rates according to the strength of the 
milk. 

Mr. M. J. Flavin, in the course of his address, said 
they were told that the strong farmers of the district 
were in favour of the creamery, and he asked were 
they going to help to crush out the evicted tenants ? 
Where would the protection of the evicted tenants be 



if the extcrmiihiting landlords of the couiily irere 
enabled to stock the. coicted farms, to supply milk to the 
creamery 1 He (Mr. Flavin) asked one of the pro- 
moters of the creamery whether they would take 
emergency milk and he was told that they would take 
every kind of milk they would get. He was told plain 
and square that they would take emergency milk, and 
in conclusion he (Mr. Flavin) appealed to the farmers 
not for their (the townpeople's sake) but for their own, 
not to give any support to a project that would injure 
all classes, and benefit only a feiv " shoncens." 
(Cheers.) — 

The resolutions were unanimously adopted, and a 
vote of thanks to the chairman terminated the pro- 
ceedings. — Kerry Post, 1 8th January, 1893. 

Mr. M. J. Flavin, who here condemns the pro- 
posed creamery, keeps a small newspaper shop 
in Listowel and is a local antiParncllite leader, 
also a well-known labour agitator. Mr. G. R. 
Browne, J. P., of Listowel, agent to W. Gun, 
Esq., D.L., of Rattoo, Co. Kerry, is the principal 
" shoneen " referred to by Mr. Flavin, as he is 
establishing a creamery at his own place. 



IRELAND UNDER MR. MORLEY. 



Moonlighters DE^t.\^•D a School to be Boy- 
cotted. — Recently the National school teacher at 
Ranalough, near Castleisland, a Mr. Fitzgerald, retired 
on pension, and last ^veek the ]3arish priest, as patron, 
obtained the services of a Mr. Murphy, from Killor- 
ghn, who holds a first-class certificate. The usual, 
attend.ance in winter was thirty boys. Last week but 
four or five attended, as the people there wanted a 
friend living in the locality, who is not so well qualified, 
to get the teachership. On Monday flight a band of 
men visited the houses of the parties whose children 
attended the school. They fired two shots into one 
house, and ^earned the owner to keep his children at 
home. They broke the windows in other houses, and 
used all kinds of threats if the school is not boycotted 
until their own nominee is appointed to the post. — 
Kerry Evening Post, 21st January, 1893. 

The Attack on the Dingle Mail Car.— Regard- 
ing the paragraph in connection with this outrage, 
quoted in last issue of Notes from Ireland, we 
understand that the gentleman who was travelling on 
the car at the time, and whose sword was abstracted 
during the fneke, was not Captain the Hon. F. De 
Mole)-ns of the Dragoon Guards, but a younger 
brother — the Hon. Richard De Moleyns, who has 
lately been gazetted to a commission in an English 
Militia Regiment. 



The following letter, dealing with the state of 
Donegal, appears in the Times of the 17th 
January, 1893 : — 

THE STATE OF IRELAND. 
to the editor of the times. 
Sir, — As an object-lesson on the beneficent sway of 
Mr. John Morley in Ireland, and as throwing an in- 



SJ 



NOTES FliOM in ELAND. 



structive light upon the methods he pursues to show 
the peaceful condition of that country, the following 
tacts may be of interest. They are contained in a 
letter I have received from a gentleman who has re- 
sided in County Donegal for nearly five and twenty 
years and is a justice of the peace : — 

"On 25th November last, the sheriffs bailiff seized 
some cattle in the village of Ardara to satisfy some 
civil bill decrees for rent at the suit of General Treden- 
nick, the landlord. Four different seizures having been 
affected — which resulted in the capture of 14 head of 
cattle — some persons got into the Roman Catholic 
Chapel and rang the bell ; a band then paraded the 
streets, and there was a good deal of excitement. As 
there is no public pound in the place, it was necessary 
to drive the cattle to a village called Mountcharles, 
some nine or ten miles away, but the day being some- 
what advanced when the last seizure was effected they 
were put for the night into the market place, which 
belongs to General Tredennick, and guarded by the 
bailiffs and police. Next morning, the 26th Novem- 
ber, they were brought out by the sheriff's bailiff, a 
young man named Mulloy, and the estate bailiff, but 
a crowd of men, women, and children had collected, 
and the band was brought out, so that it required the 
utmost exertions of the extra force of constabulary 
who were present (16 men under their officer) to 
enable them to succeed in getting the cattle to Mount- 
charles. 

" The constabulary liad to divide their force, some 
going in front of the cattle and some behind, between 
the bailiffs and the mol), and on two occasions at least 
they had to halt and make a baton charge, so deter- 
mined were the crowd to prevent the cattle being 
taken away. 

" The official in charge of the men. District Inspec- 
tor Fallow, subsequently swore that it was a riotous 
mob, and that it would have been impossible for 
Mulloy to have taken the cattle away but for the 
constabulary. A constable swore that it was the 
' most disorderly crowd he ever saw,' and that they 
followed the bailiffs and cattle for a mile and a 
quarter. This all happened in broad daylight, the 
people were those of the place, and were consequently 
known to the constabulary, and yet not a soul has 
been made amenable save one woman whom the 
bailiff summoned for a personal assault ! 

" I attended the Petty Sessions of Ardara on the 
loth inst., and heard all the foregoing facts sworn to 
on the hearing of some charges brought by Mulloy, 
the bailiff, for assault. In one case we returned a 
woman for trial, and in another bound a man over to 
keep the peace. 

" One of the most experienced stipendiary magis- 
trates in Ireland was on the bench (viz.. Air. Thomas 
Hamilton), and he expressed his amazement that no 
action had been taken by the authorities, as he had 
never known so serious a case passed over before. 
District Inspector Fallow stated that he had reported 
the matter in the usual way, and when asked by Mr. 
Hamilton why no prosecutions were instituted, respect- 
fully declined to answer the question. 

" Of course, this means that the Government had 
not allowed him to prosecute, and of course Morley's 



object is to show that the country is perfectly quiet 
and peaceable without any Coercion Acts ! 

" I anticipate the very worst results from the crimi- 
nal inaction of the authorities in this case. I never 
saw policemen placed in such a false position as at 
the Petty Sessions on Tuesday last [i.e., the loth 
inst.), when they had to listen to a serious riot being 
proved in court, and the observations of the Bench 
on there being no prosecutions." 

These facts, Sir, speak for themselves, and require 
explanation. 

With apologies for troubling you at such length, 
I am. Sir, your obedient servant, 

E. T. P. 

January 16. 



WHEN DOCTORS DIPPER. 

TiiK Daily Nezvs, January 12th, 1893 : — 

There is no truth whatever in the rumour so per- 
sistently circulated that the Home Rule Bill provides 
for the temporary and probationary retention of the 
Irish members at Westminster either during a term 
of years or until questions connected with the land 
and the police have been settled. 

Sir Charles Russell, M P., Attorney-General, 
at Cambridge, January 12th, 1893 : — 

Turning now to the approaching Session, Sir Charles 
said it might be taken as an assured fact that among 
the earliest measures to be introduced by Mr. Gladstone 
himself would be the Home Rule Bill. That measure 
must differ from that of 1886 in one important par- 
ticular — in the retention of the Irish members at West- 
minster in accordance ivith tlie judgment pronounced by 
the country. When Mr. Gladstone's Bill of 1886 pro- 
posed to exclude the Irish members, it was amusing to 
notice the gushing affection for the Irish members 
shown upon the Tory benches. Now that the country 
had pronounced upon the question and that the 
Government had to adhere to that pronouncement, 
the Tories were veering round, and saying that that 
was the only redeeming feature of the Bill of 1886. 
Beyond that he had no authority, even if he had the 
information, to speak of details ; but this he was 
justified in saying — that while on the one hand the 
Bill of 1893 would not be defective in giving adequate 
powers of self-government to the Irish people, it would 
contain adequate provisions safe-guarding the rights 
of minorities and the greater interests of the Empire. — 
Times., 13th January, 1893. 



Publlahed by the Ibish Unionist Alliance, at their Dublin Offices, 100 
Gi-aftou Street, and London Offices, 28 Palace Chambers, Westminster, S. W, 



NOTES FROM IRELAND 



*^* A Record of the sayings and doings of the Home Mule Parties in the furtherance of their " Separatist" Policy 
for Ireland ; and of facts connected with the country. For the information of the Imperial Parliament^ the Press, 
and the Public generally. 



No. 5.— Vol. 1.— New Series. 4th FEBRUARY, 1893. 



Price Id. 



® tt t c n t a . 

Recent Publications Relating to Ireland — Ireland 

IN THE February Reviews — The Land Market 

— Morals and Politics 
The Released Dynamiter, Callan— 
Irish Drunkenness— The Released Dynamiter Egan 

— The Meath Vacancies 
Ireland Under Mr. Morley — More Nationalist 

Amenities ... 
A Diurnal 

The Gweedore Prisoners 
The Queen's Speech 
The Asylum Boards — The Redmondites as Priestly 

Jailers — Mr. Davitt and the Paris Funds ... 



RECENT PUBLICATIONS RELATING 
TO IRELAND. 



The Irish Priest in Politics. " As Reveal- 
ed in the Evidence given on the 
hearing of the Meath Election 
Petitions." Demy 8vo., io6 pages. 6d. 
Irish Unionist Alliance. 

The Gweedore Prisoners. " Evidence of 
The MacDermot and Mr. T. M. 
Healy, M.P," Demy Svo. id. Irish 
Unionist Alliance. 

The Meath Election Petitions. Demy 8vo. 

24 pages. 3s. per 100. Al'Lorquodale & Co., 
Limited, The Armoury, Southwark, S.C. 

What Home Rule Means Now. A series 

of articles reprinted (by permission) fiom The 
Times. Demy Svo. Liberal Union of Ireland, 
Dublin. 



IRELAND IN THE FEBRUARY 
REVIEWS. 

Fortnightly Review. " What Mr. Gladstone ought 

to do." By Mr. Fletcher Moulton, Q.C. ; Mr. 

""^ ju&tin M'Carthy, M.P. ; Mr. H. W. Massing- 

ham, Mr. G. Bernard Shaw, and Mr. Sidney 

Webb. 

Edinburgh Review. " The Great Irish Conspiracy!^ 



THE LAND MARKET. 



On Monday, 23 rd January, Messrs. Thomas 
McCabe & Sons, auctioneers, Bandon, put up for 
sale by public auction at Ballymaccorcoran, near 
Macroom. Co. Cork, the interest of 4 farms, lately 
held by Timothy Creedon, deceased. 

Lot I. — Part of the lands of Mullenroe, containing 
135 acres, held for a statutory term at the yearly rent 
of ^48, was purchased by Timothy Conner for ^585. 

Lot 2. — Part of the lands of Gurtcvraner, containing 
184 acres, held as judicial tenant at the yearly rent of 
/^8o, was purchased by John Murphy for ^2 15. 

Lot 3 Part of the lands of Derryleigh, containing 

about 248 acres, held as statutory tenant at the yearly 
rent of ^50, was purchased by Daniel Herlihy, 
Killgobnett, for £^i)0'^. 

Lot 4. — Part of the lands of Curracahill, containing 
691 acres, held as judicial tenant at the yearly rent of 
^^67 los. od., was purchased by Daniel Healy, 
Coomeclevane, for ^500. Mr. W. G. Lane, solicitor, 
had carriage of sale. — Cork Herald, 26th January, 
1893. 



MORALS AND POLITICS. 

THE LEINSTER H.\LL AND CO. MEATH. 

The Right Hon. Samuel Walker, Mr. Glad- 
stone's Irish Lord Chancellor, in his speech at 
the famous Leinster Hall meeting, November 
20th, i8go, in support of Mr. Parnell after the 
divorce proceedings, made the declaration that 
they (the Irish Home Rulers) had " severed 
morals from politics." The Nonconformist con- 
science, however, since Mr. Walker's statement, 
having been aroused, and the Priest in Politics 
demonstrated its position, the entire front has 
been changed. The Irisli Catholic, \n discussing 
the present state of the Meath fight, states : — 

" From beginning to end the battle which is now 
drawing to a close has been one which had its whole 
significance in the effort of which it was the inde.x and 
outcome, and which was directed to the destruction of 
the legitimate influence of the clergy in Irish politics, 
and aimed at the achievement of a complete separation 
between Religion and Politics." — Irish Catholic, 28th 
January, 1893. 



NOTES FROM IJIELAI^D. 



THE RELEASED DYNAMITER, 
CALLAN. 



On January 24th it was announced that the Home 
^ecretary had released Thomas Callan, the dynamiter, 
Irom I'ortland Prison on ilic I'riday jjrevious, ujjon 
condition tiiat he sliould forthwith jn-ocecd to America, 
of which country he was a naturalized citizen. He 
left Southampton on Sunday, the 22nd January, by 
the >lamburg-Amcrican liner," Furst Iiismarck,"bound 
for New York. 

Sir I'rederick Milner, it is understood, intends 
moving an amendment to the Address on the Queen's 
Speech on the question of her Majesty's clemency 
having been shown to criminals convicted of abom- 
mable crimes. Such a motion embraces the Gweedore 
prisoners, who murdered Inspector Martin; James 
fc-gan, of Birmingham; and Thomas Callan, alias 
Scott, of Lowell, Massachusetts, all of whom are now 
at large. 

_ The Daily Nacs alleges tliat Callan was released 
in accordance with an agreement arrived at by the 
late Home Secretary, and that Mr. Astjuith only ear- 
ned out his predecessor's intentions. The contem- 
plated debate will set this point at rest ; meanwhile, 
It IS not out of jjlace to record (,'allan's history and 
connection with the Jubilee Dynamite Plot. 

Thomas Callan was born in 1843 in t'le County of 
Louth— a county which has supplied many revolu- 
tionists, and at present sends Mr. P. M. Healy to 
Parliament. At the age of 12 Callan went to 
America, and m a short time took up his abode at 
Lowell, Mass. On the 12th of August, 1862, he 
enlisted in the "Grand Army of the Republic," 
serving m Company G of the 33rd Massachusetts 
Regiment of Volunteers. He saw considerable ser- 
vice during the civil war, and was mustered out in 
June, 1865. Once more taking up labouring work at 
Lowell, he gradually improved his position, and in 
the year 1887 was employed as a stocking weaver in 
a Lowell hosiery store. At this time he was a 
"member m good standing" of the Antient Order of 
Hibernians, a body working on tiie same lines as the 
Clan-na-Gael— viz., a Priendly Society and Revolu- 
tionary Organization combined. Callan was always 
looked upon as a good Catholic, and a quiet, well- 
conducted man. In 1887, being approached by an 
emissary of Joseph Morony, alias Melville, as to 
whether he would visit England in connection with 
the Jubilee Dynamite Scheme, he applied for, and 
received, three months' leave, explaining that he 
desired to visit a sister in Nebraska. At the end of 
May, 1887, he sailed for Liverpool in the " City of 
Chester," accompanied by a man named Michael 
llarkins, a grocers assistant, of Philadelphia. Callan, 
on arriving in London, went to reside in the New 
Kent Road, lie afterwards removed to 24 Baxter 
Road, Islington, llarkins taking up his abode at 9 
Alfred Street, Islington. A third man came to this 
country at same time, and went by the name of James 
Cohen. He lived at 42 Lambeth Road ; Morony, 
a/ias Melville, residing at 7 Gladstone Road. 'Phis 
man Melville was the leading spirit and organizer of 
the plot on this side of the Atlantic; and, according 
to the Evening IVorld, of New York, of 7th Novem- 
ber, 18S7, Thomas Dennehy, of Brooklyn, was the 



American principal. A fifth conspirator on this side 
of the water was General Millen, who lived in 
thoroughly Irish patriotic style at the Hotel Metro- 
pole, in company with a Miss Kennedy, passing to 
and from Paris. The first indication of the deter- 
mined intentions of these men gained by the 
authorities was on the death of Cohen, rather sud- 
denly, at 42 Lambeth Road, on the 19th October, 
1887. The police, although they were aware of their 
movements, had no grounds for active interference 
until they searched Cohen's room after his death. 
Between ;^30 and ^^40 was found in his lodgings, 
a revolver and cartridges of American make, and a 
number of important documents. An incjuest was 
held on Cohen, which resulted in a verdict of death 
owing to disease of the heart. This man Cohen was 
never identified, the name " Cohen " being known as 
an alias. While dead a ring, which might have assisted 
to trace identification, was taken off his finger by one 
of his friends. At Bow Street, on November 28th, 1887, 
Callan and Harkins were charged, before Sir James 
Ingham, with feloniously conspiring together to cause, 
by an exjjlosive substance, an explosion in the United 
Kingdom of a nature likely to endanger life, or cause 
serious injury to property. On 19th December, 1887, 
Callan and llarkins were returned for trial on above 
charge, with the addition of " being in the unlawful 
possession of dynamite." The prisoners were tried at 
the Old Bailey on ist February, 1888, before Mr. 
Justice Hawkins. At the trial it was proved that 
Melville cashed at the Joint-Stock Bank two bills from 
America, amounting to .;^S3S. Part of these notes 
were traced to Callan. Melville and llarkins visited 
the House of C^ommons on the 4th August, 1887, and 
were received by Mr. Joseph Nolan, then M.P. for 
North Louth. llarkins was left for a considerable 
time on the Terrace, while Mr. Nolan showed Melville 
over the House. On the following day another visit 
was made to Westminster by these two conspirators, 
when they were admitted into the Strangers' Gallery 
on the introduction of Mr. Stack, M.P. Callan also 
made several visits to the House of Commons, and 
was known to the police on duty there. On Cohen 
taking ill he told a witness to allow a tin box to be 
taken away from his lodgings. Harkins, giving the 
name of Brown, called and took away two tin boxes. 
On October 27th the closet at 24 Baxter Road 
(Callan's lodgings) was found choked by an earthy 
substance. On being spoken to Callan said he had 
been throwing away samples. It was noticed that the 
tin box in his room was empty. On Callan being 
arrested a passage ticket to America was found on 
him, and a letter beginning — Dear Joe (meaning 
Joseph Morony or Melville;, in which he referred to 
his not having seen Harry (Harkins) for some time, 
and mentioned that he had done away \\'\\\\ the tea 
(dynamite thrown down the closet). No less than 
28 lbs. of dynamite was found in the dustbin and other 
places at 24 Ba.\ter Road. Colonel Majendie, Chief 
Inspector of P.xplosives for the Home Utlice, deposed 
as to the stuff found by the police at Baxter Road- 
He said it was dynamite; it had rubbish mixed among 
it. 'Phe earth with which dynamite was made was 
called /teiselgiihr, it was largely used to absorb 
nitro-glycerine. The dynamite was neither European 
or English; it was American, The quantity of 



KOTES FROM IltELAND. 



38 



dynamite used in the cr_vpt explosion at the House of 
Commons did not exceed 8 lbs., and then great 
damage was done to persons and property. If the 
tin box (found at Callan's) was full of dynamite with- 
out cartridges, it would weigh 90 lbs. On February 
3rd the jury, after an absence of twenty minutes, 
found the jjrisoners guilty. Mr. Justice llavvkins, in 
passing sentence of fifteen years' penal servitude on 
each, said, addressing Callan — " If you had felt that 
you were innocently in the possession of a harmless 
substance ... I can hardly su]i]jose that you would, 
in the night-time, have taken out piece by piece the 
dynamite in that box, and put it in a place where you 
thought it would for ever be concealed. The whole 
of the circumstances of the case, from first to last, 
seem to me to point only to one conclusion, namely, 
that you two men had possession of large ([uantities of 
dynamite, with the intent that explosions should be 
caused thereby, which you intended to be dangerous 
to life and property.'' 

IRISH DRUNKBNNE3SS. 



AiJCllBi.siiop Walsh, in his address at the Father 
Mathcvv Hall on Sunday, 22nd January, deplored 
the great increase of habitual drunkards in Irc- 
lanrJ. His Grace cited the following statistics : — 
Convictions for drunkenness in 1887... 79,000 
„ „ 1888... 87,000 

„ ,, 1889... 92,000 

,, ,, 1891... 100,528 

These figures, be it remembered, are coincident 
with a declining population. 

THE RELEASED DYNAMITER 
EGAN. 



Jamks Ecan arrived in iJublin on Fridiy, 27th 
January, and on Saturday was entertained at 
dinner by the Amnesty Association in the Na- 
tional Club. Mr. Pierce Mahony, as Chairman 
of the Association, presided. There were also 
present: — Dr. Kenny, M.F. ; Mr. J. J. Chincy, 
MP. ; Mr. T. Harrington, M.P. ; and Mr. John 
Redmond, M.P. In responding to the toast of 
his health, Egan said : — 

It is well known to those who for the last twenty or 
thirty years have worked in Ireland and England the 
part I took. (Hear, hear.) It was a simple part, it 
was a simple jKut among what I may call the workers, 
the actual workers, in the cause of Irish Nationality. 
(Applause.) It was those men who certainly kept 
alive the spirit of '98, who followed in the footsteps of 
such men as Emmet, Fitzgerald, and others. (Aj)- 
jflause.) It is to those men I have been joined, and 
to-day it is those men I shall follow. (Loud ap])lause.) 
I am here to-night exactly the same person, politically 
speaking, that I was on Good Friday, 1884, when my 
house was surrounded and 1 was taken away into an 
English prison. (Applause.) ... I shall only say 
this, that it is a matter of extreme regret to me that 
some of my fellow-prisoners were not liber.ated at the 
same time. I never bowed down or cringed or begged 
for my liberty. (Ai)i)lause.) I never would appeal to 
the british Government, let me be innocent or gui'ty. 



(Applause.) I never asked them to release me, I 
never made the slightest appeal to them, and I never 
intend to do so. (Apjilause ) If I am here I am here 
certainly by the powerful action of my friends in Ire- 
land — (.ipjilause) — not only in regard to myself, but 
also in regard to my fellow-prisoners. I am perfectly 
well aware of the Amnesty movement started in my 
native city, but through the influence of Mr. Parnell 
-—(loud ajiijlause) — and other gentlemen who gave to 
it such strength 1 was liberated a few days ago. (Ap- 
plause.) — Independent, 30th January, 1893. 

*,* It is interesting to note that the man who 
would not bow down or cringe to the British 
Government, his first act in Ireland was to report 
himself to the Castle authorities as a ticket-of- 
Icave mail. 

THE MEATh' vacancies. 



Mk. T. M. Hkaly paid another \-isit to Meath 
on Sunday, 29th January, prior to his de- 
parture for VVtstminster. The meeting was 
lield at Gormanlough, about twelve miles from 
Drogheda. The Rev. P. Gallagher. P.P., pre- 
sided, and he was supported by sixteen clergy- 
men. Mr. Healy in his remarks referred to the 
Home Rule Bill and the joint council of the 
Ministry and the " Irish leaders" as follows : — 

But, my friends, that Home Rule Bill must, before 
it is presented to Parliament, be hammered on the 
anvil in council between the Irish Party and the Eng- 
lish Cabinet. (Hear, hear./ Its main lines and de- 
tails must be agreed upon between the Irish leaders 
upon the one liaiid and the leaders of the English 
Liberal Party upon the other; for unless that agree- 
ment is brought about no Home Rule Bill could be 
brought in. 

Mr. Thomas Sexton has not been heard of 
lately, and in the.se days of rapid events and 
continued platform oratory the Member for 
North Kerry has been almost forgotten. He 
has, however, been busy in the study of finance, 
and is now, according to Mr. Healy, a match for 
the ablest man the liritish Treasury can produce. 
Here are Mr. Healy's words : — 

I I'elt a pride in my country and in its genius within 
this last couple of weeks, seeing in private the contest 
that was going on between our friend Mr. Thomas 
Sexton — (applause) — and the ablest man that the 
British Treasury could have to argue with him, seeing 
that every point dealing with the financial ca.se of Ire- 
land was at his fingers' ends, that no sophistry could 
blind him to what the real rights of Ireland were on 
matters ■ of finance, that he had the whole argument 
sifted, so that his party felt that if England put up its 
ablest financier to argue this question, we, humble as 
we were, had in Thomas Sexton a man who was able 
for them all. (Applause.) — Freeman'' s Journal, ^o\.\\ 
January, 1893. 

Another meeting was held same day at Trim, 
with the well-known Father Behan, P.P., in the 
chair, surrounded by twenty-one clergymen. Mr. 
Jordan, the candidate, was present, also Messrs. 
F. D. Sullivan, T, Condon, and Kennedy, M.P.'s. 



y^OTES FROM IRELAND, 



IRELAND UNDER MR. MORLEY. 

Boycotting in Cavan. — At Behemagh, near Vir- 
ginia, County Cavan, a man named James Mooney, 
about a fortnight ago, took a house from which a 
tenant had been evicted. Since then he has been 
subjected to a great deal of trouble and annoyance. 
Crowds assemble every night blowing horns and 
shouting and threatening hmi, men coming into the 
yard of his house to do so — in fact, men using every 
means in their power to make him give up the holding. 
When he drives his cattle to drink they are hunted 
away and driven wild through the country. — Daily 
Express,, 30th January, 1893. 

The Mysterious Death of Whelan. — As a result 
of the investigations which the Listowel police have 
been making concerning the death of the man Wm. 
Whelan, plasterer, Ballyconry, who was found \i\ a 
pond on his way home from the Listowel fair where he 
had disposed of a cow, a respectable young man, 
named Michael Enright, Dromourin, was arrested as 
having been connected with his death, and was charged 
at Listowel on 27th January. It will be remembered 
that at the Coroner's inquest, held on Thursday week, 
the medical testimony was that deceased met his 
death through exposure, but the police have for the 
past week been making inquiries, the result of which 
led them to believe that deceased had met his death 
through foul play. 

James Drury said he saw prisoner (identified) walk- 
ing some distance before him, and Whelan (deceased) 
was also some distance in advance of the prisoner ; 
witness saw the prisoner go up to Whelan and strike 
him a few times, and also kicked liiin 7vlien deceased 
fell ; prisoner afterwards threw him into the pond in 
which t/ie deceased was found. 

The prisoner was remanded for a week. 

The body of Whelan will be exhumed. — Kerry 
Evening Post, 28th January, 1893. 

It is understood in the locality that the reason 
Whelan was done away with was owing to his 
having cut some rushes for thatch on a farm 
known as "Corridan's Evicted Farm," now inoccu- 
pation of the boy cot ted man, Uillane, whose brother 
was killed at iSallybunion, isth August, 1892. 



MORE NATIONALIST AMENITIES. 

ASSAULT ON MR M. J. KENNY, M.P. 
Great excitement was created in the Four Courts, Dub- 
lin, on Tuesday, 24th Jan., by Mr. Pierce Mahony, who 
suddenly attacked Mr. M. J. Kenny, M.P., in the pre- 
sence of several barristers and solicitors, and struck 
him a violent blow in the left eye, causing considerable 
swelling and discoloration. A constable was called, and 
Mr. Mahony was given into custody. Later in the day 
the accused was brought up at the Northern Pohce 
Court, and charged before Mr. Keys with having as- 
saulted Mr. I\L J. Kenny, barrister-at-law, and member 
of Parliament. Mr. T. Healy, M.P., instructed by Mr. 
Chance, appeared to support the prosecution, and Mr. 
Friery, solicitor, attended on behalf of Mr. Mahony. 
The court was crowded. 

Mr. Healy said he would give evidence of the nature 
of the assault, and perhaps the gravity of the case 
would induce the Crown to take it up and conduct it 
through its further stages. 



Mr. Kenny was called, and examined by Mr. T. Healy, 
M.P. He said : I am a barrister by profession, and 1 was 
in the Central Hall this morning in my robes, leaving 
the hall to go up to the library. I saw Mr. Mahony 
standing with Mr. Leamy in the hall. Mr. Mahony 
rushed after me, and, without giving me notice, struck 
me on the eye, marking it. 1 had given him no provo- 
cation. Lhad not spoken to him for years. 

Mr. Healy : Did you observe any of the confederates 
of the defendant with him ? 

Complainant : I don't know whether you would call 
them confederates. I saw Mr. John Redmond, who 
approved of .\1r. Mahony's conduct, and said he was 
glad that Mr. Mahony had struck me. 

Cross-examined by Mr. Friery: I attended a meeting 
in Co. Meath on Sunday, and delivered a speech there. 

Mr. Healy objected. 

Mr. Friery asked the witness whether in the course 
of his speech he insulted Mr. Mahony's mother. 

Witness replied that, if referring to the " Nationalite 
female progenitor" of Mr. Mahony was insulting 
to his mother, he had insulted Mr. Mahony. He 
admitted that he had referred to Mr. Mahony as 
a "cross-bred Hindoo." 

Mr. Keys ruled that evidence referring to a speech 
delivered in County Meath was not admissible. 

The constable who arrested Mr. Mahony was then 
examined and stated that the prisoner was given into 
his custody by Mr. Kenny. 

Mr. Thomas O'Shaughnessy, Q.C., was examined on 
behalf of the defendant, and described the assault. He 
said that when Mr. Kenny came to where Mr. Mahony 
was standing in the hall, the latter said to him, " You 
ruffian, you have insulted my mother," and then struck 
him on the face. They afterwards struck at each other, 
and at length Mr. Kenny caught Mr. Mahony by the 
hair of his head, and was holding him in that way when 
the constable arrived. 

Mr. John Redmond, M.P., was next sworn. He 
said that when he was told after the assault that Mr. 
Kenny had insulted Mr. Mahony's mother, he made 
the remark that he was glad Mr. Mahony had struck 
the complainant. Witness added that any man who 
insuhed a woman ought to be chastised. 

Mr. Healy : Especially if she is a prostitute. 

Mr. F'riery : That is a most outrageous . Will 

your Worship allow that to pass ? It is not the 
thousandth time that this observation has been made. 
Mr. Healy has said, your Worship, ''Especially if she 
is a prostitute." 

Mr. Keys : I did not hear the observation, and I 
hope no such observation was made. 

Mr. Redmond : It was made to me. 

Mr. Keys ; Any observation of that sort would be 
very improper indeed. 

..Mr. Redmond : We know what it means. 

Mr. Healy ; 1 don't take innuendoes fromMr. K edmond. 

Mr. Redmond : I don't deal in innuendoes. I say 
that the man who insults a woman ought to be thrashed. 

Mr. Keys said : The only way 1 can deal with this 
case is to send it for trial. 

Mr. Healy : I'll ask you to send it to the Commission. 

The defendant was returned for trial at the Commis- 
sion, and allowed out on his own bail of ^20 and 
a surety of _;^2o. 

Mr. Harrington became surety for the defendant. 



KOTES FROM IRELAND. 



S? 



A DIURNAL 

OF EVENTS RELATING TO IRELAND. 



January 25. — A man named Goinian 
was s-taljljeii at Navan, an I he lies in a 
ciitical condition. Hia assailant, named 
Clarke, was arrested. The assault resulted 
from a political dispute in reference to the 
elections in Meath, now pending. 

27. — Meeting held in Dublin for 
the formation of a Technical Education 
Association for Ireland. The Duke of 
Abercorn presided. 

— Adjourned meeting of Irish Land 
owners' Convention held. The Duke of 
Abercorn presided, and a large number of 
delegates were present. The principal 
officers for the coming year are as follows: — 
Chairman, Sir Thomas P. Butler, Bart., 
D.L. ; Vice-Chairman, Mr. Saml. Frederick 
Adair ; Deputy- Vice-Chairman, Mr. C. 
Uniacke Townshend. 

— John Joseph Jones, Esq., County 
Inspector Royal Irish Constabulary, ap- 
pointed Chief Commissioner of the Dublm 
Metropolitan Police, and John Mallon 



Mahony, James Egau, &c. Mr. Redmond 
said — " Tnere ought not to be, and there 
shall not be, peace, or ease, or comfort for 
any Government, Liberal or Conservative, 
in this country, so long as there remains a 
single Irish political prisoner in the hands 
of England." James Egan, in his address, 
said — " It is only when an Irish political 
prisoner— an Irishman who stood up for 
his country, and sacriticed the best portion 
of his life in her defence — it is only in that 
case th.at people such aa Mr. Chamberlain 
and others protest against their release. 
.... The two cases of John Daly and 
myself cannot be separated, and in other 
instances the ' trapper ' and the paid spy 
Esq., Chief Superintendent, Assistant | of the Government were at work. I cau 
Commissioner. Mr. Mallon retains his see how the whole thing was worked 



— Meeting at Trim, Meath, in favour of i are preserved by the retention of the Irish 
the candidature of Jlr. J. Jordan. Rev. Members. Home Rule," it is urged, 
Father Behan, P.P., presided, and there " should be regarded from the point of 
were twenty-two priests present. view of a possible Federation of the 

— An Amnesty demonstration and ^""P"^- 

torchlight procession took place in Dublin, — Opening of Parliament. The fol- 
and afterwards a public meeting was held, I lowing are the passages in the Queen's 
addressed by J. Redmond, M.P. ; Pierce i Speech referring to Ireland : — The procla- 



post as Chief of the Crimiual Investigation 
Department. 

— • Mr. Michael Davitt, speaking at 
Manchester, said — In the construction of a 
Home Rule Bill there were only two 
precautions necessary — namely, the safe- 
guarding of Imperial prerogatives and the 
due protection of minorities against flagrant 
injustice. 

28. — James Egau, released" dynamiter, 
was entertained at dinner at the National 
Club, Dublin, by the Committee of the 
Amnesty Association. The hrst toast 
proposed was " Ireland a Nation." James 
Egan said — " It is well known to those 
who, for the last twenty or thirty years, 
have worked in Ireland and England the 
part I took. It was a simple part among 
what I may call the actual workers in the 
cause of Irish Nationality. It was those 
men who certainly kept alive the spirit of 
'98, who followed in the footsteps of such 
men as Emmet, Fitzgerald, and others. It 
is to those men I have been joined, and 
to-day it is those men I shall follow. I 
am here to-night exactly the same person , 
politically speaking, that 1 »-as in 1SS4, 
when my house was surrounded and I was 
taken away to an English prison." 

29. — .Meeting at Gormanlough, Meath, 
in favour of the candidature of Mr. Gibney. 
The chair was taken by Rev. P. Gallagher, 
P.P., and seventeen priests were present. 
Mr. T. M. Healy, in his address, said— 
"The Home Rule Bill must, before it is 
presented to Parliament, be hammered on 
the anvil in council between the Irish 
Party and the Cabinet. Its main lineo 
and details must be agreed upon between 
the Irish leaders upon the one hand and 
the leaders of the English Liberal Party 
on the other ; for, unless that agreement 
is brought about, no Home Rule Bill could 
be brought in. So that if a good and 
satisfactory Bill be introduced the duty of 
the Irish Party will be confined to voting, 
and voting with as little talk as possible." 



through the (jovernment, if not openly, at 
least It was done by the Secret Service 
men, who are paid by the Government." 

30. — .\pplication made in Police Court 
by ex-District Inspector Murphy, for 
issue of warrant to arrest Mr. T. M. Healy, 
B.L,, who had that morning said to him, 
in Gardiner's Place, first puitiug his hand 
in his pocket and clenching something 
like a revolver — "If you say a word I will 
put a bullet through you." His worship 
told Mr. Murphy to report the matter at 
the nearest police station. 

— A meeting of the Irish Unionist 
members of Parhament was held at the 
offices of the Irish Unionist Alliance, Palace 
Chambers, Westminster — Colonel Saunder- 
son presiding. The Marquis of London- 
derry, K.G., was present. The business 
of the approaching session was discussed, 
and it was arranged to bring before Par- 
liament a number of questions aBectmg 
Irish interests. It was decided to make 
the release of the Gweedore prisoners the 
subject of an amendment, which would 
prooably be moved by Mr. John Ross, 
Q.C. Mr. Dunbar Barton was elected one 
01 the secretaries, in the room of Mr. Pen- 
rose Fitzgeiald resigned. 

— Meeting held at Raphoe, Co. Done- 
gal (under auspices of Ulster Convention 
League), Captain Stoney, J.P., presiding. 
Rev. Dr. Kinnear, on behalf of Unionists 
uf East Donegal, presented Mr. E. T. Herd- 
man, D.L., with an address, in recognition 
of his services to the Unionist cause by 
contesting the seat against Mr. A. O'Connor. 

— Unionists of East Cavan held a meet- 
ing at Cootehill— Colonel Clements, D.L., 
presiding. Amongst those on platform 
were— J H. Clements:, D.L., Capt. E. V. 
Smyth, J. P., &c. 

31. — First number of Westminster Gasctte 
issued. Tne hrst leading article declares 
that its duty will be " to support a Home 
Rule Bill in which the unity of the King- 
dom and the sovereignty of Parliament 



mations recently in force, which placed 
Ireland under exceptional provisions of 
law, have been revoked ; and I have the 
satisfaction of informing you that the con- 
dition of that country, with respect to 
agrarian crime, continues to improve. A 
Bill will be submitted to you, on the 
eailiest available occasion, to amend the 
provision for the government of Ireland. 
It has been prepared with the desire to 
afford contentment to the Iri^h people, 
important relief to Parliament, and addi- 
tional securities for the strength and union 
of the Empire. Address in reply to the 
Speech to the Thione moved in the House 
of Lords by Lord Brassy, seconded by 
Lord Thring. 

— Meeting of Amnesty Association in 
Dublin to demand the release of the poli- 
tical prisoners still in jiil. James Egan. 
who has been elected vice-president of the 
association, was present, and said : — " The 
Government knew that Daly and himself 
had been associated with the Extreme 
Party in Ireland. . . . Daly was the 
most important man to be arrested, and 
certain men in Liverpool were paid by the 
Governmeut to place in his possession 
certain articles wuich caused hhn to be put 
in prison. The Commission of Inquiry 
which had been instituted to inquire into 
the complaints of the prisoners was a 
packed commission and a Government 
job. . . . On last Whit Sunday morn- 
ing poisonous food was supplied to the 
Irish political prisoners in Portland. This 
food was given to John Daly. He would 
be one of the meanest men on the face of 
the earth if he was to sit down and leave 
these men at th-j mercy of their jailers." 

February 1.— The last of the series of 
Ulster Convention League Meetings held 
in Monaghan, Sir John Leslie presided, 
and Visjount Templetown was the prin- 
cipal speaker. 

2.— Letter from Mr. Atherley-Jones, 
M.P. (N. W. LJurham), to the editor of 
the Times, on conditions which should 
govern tdome Rule proposals, viz. — (i.) 
i'he scheme should be of a permanent 
character. (2.) Any arrangements should 
be avoided which might involve the conse- 
quential establishments of Pailiaments 
for England and Scotland. (3.) The veto 
of the Cionn must be maintained on the 
advice of an English Ministry. (4.) If 
Irish members are to be retained, their 
control sh ,uld be confined entirely to 
Imperial affairs. 

— The National School at Newmarket- 
on-Fergus, Co. Clare, boycotted, owing to 
refusal of teacher to expel the son of the 
caretaker of an evicted farm. Over ninety 
children left the school- 



KOTES FliOM IltELAKTy. 



THE GWEEDORE PRISONERS. 



Apropos of the release of the Gweedore 
prisoners, the following evidence, given by Mr. 
T. M. Healy, M.P., and The MacDermot, now 
Attorney-General for Ireland, will be interesting. 
The circumstances under which the evidence 
was given is as follows : — During the trials at 
Maryborough, October, 18S9, The MacDermot, 
Q.C. ; Mr. Houston, O.C. ; and Mr. T. M. Healy, 
M.P. — as counsel for prisoners — pleaded guilty 
on behalf of some of them to certain charges, 
and the Crown accepted these pleas, which were, 
in effect, for less serious charges than those for 
which the indictments were, in some cases, laid. 

The Fireman's Journal (then Parnellite) 
hinted that Mr. Healy had sold his clients, and 
for these allegations that gentleman brought an 
action for libel wh ch was heard at the Limerick 
Summer Assizes of iHgi. Mr. Healy's coun.sel 
examined him and The MacDermot, with a view 
of showing that in advising the plea of guilty 
they were acting in the best interests of the 
accused man. 

Evidence of The MacDer.mot. 

The MacDermot, Q.C, was examined by Mr. 
Sullivan, Q.C. 

You were the leading counsel for the prisoners in 
the Maryborough trial? Yes, with Dr. Houston and 
the plaintiff, Mr. Healy. 

How many men were on their trial at Marj'borough 
in connection with the murder of Distr ct-lnspector 
Martin ? Twenty-three- ten being charged with wilful 
murder, the other thirteen being charged with various 
misdemeanours. 

Was Father M'Fadden sent forward on a charge of 
murder ? No, on a charge of misdemeanour. 

Richard Coll was the first prisoner put on his trial ? 
Yes, on a charge of murder. 

What was the result ? 'Ihe jury found a verdict of 
manslaughter, and Coll was then put back for sen- 
tence. 

1 need hardly ask you did \ou and your colleagues 
defend this man to the best of 'your ability ? Certainly. 

The next prisoner put forward was John Gallagher ? 
Yes, the trial lasted some time, and the jury were in a 
long time, and it was only about half-past nine or ten 
o'clock they came out, after having disagreed. 

Did. you ascertain how the jury were divided? 
The Crown counsel said they were ten to two, and we 
said nine to three. 

The trial terminated on the 28th October? I think 
so. 

Did you and the other counsel hold a consultation 
that evening ? Yes, in consequence of a communica- 
tion I received from the Attorney-General, and I 
desired to consult my colleagues about it. 

Who attended that consultation? It was attended 
by counsel engaged in the case. 1 think Mr. 
O'Doherty was there, and perhaps Father M-Fadden. 

What took place at the consultation ? I commu- 
nicated the proposal made to me, and we adjourned 



until next day at ten o'clock, with a view of ascertain-' 
ing the wishes of the various prisoners, and Mr. 
O'Doherty was to communicate with them during the 
night, to see what they wished to do. 

Did you meet ne.xt morning ? — Yes ; before we met 
I had a further communication from the Attorney- 
General, who called at my hotel in the morning. I 
saw him subsequently, and he made a further commu- 
nication to me which I carried with me to the 
adjourned cr-nsultation. 

Did the second consultation contain more favourable 
terms for the prisoners f — Yes ; he made further con- 
cessions. The consultation was attended by Dr. 
Houston, Mr. O'Doherty, Feather M'Fadden, and Mr. 
Healy. 

What was the communication you received from 
the Attorney-General ? The substance of it was that 
John Gallagher, who had been tried for two days, was 
to be discharged altogether. \\'ith regard to the three 
others, that they should plead guilty to the charge of 
manslaughter, and that the Attorney-General was to 
engage to state these terms when he had written to 
the judge in order that he might take it into account 
and diminish the sentences. With regard to a man 
named WilHam Ferry, whom the constabulary swore 
was jumping on the body, that he was to be let out 
altogether. 

Vou considered you had a weak case for him? We 
had no case for him. We knew the Attorney-General's 
case, and he did not know ours. We pointed out to 
him that he had only one witness to prove his case, 
and he did not know how many witnesses we had. 
Diver got off altogether, so that three were sentenced 
to terms of seven j'ears and live years for manslaughter, 
three got six months, and three were let off altogether. 
What happened with regard to the others ? In the 
misdemeanour cases three of the prisoners got six 
months, and the other sentences varied from one to 
four months, and five got off altogether. He mentioned 
at the consult.ation the terms proposed by the Crown. 
Mr. Healy commenced to object, and wiiness asked 
him upon what ground. He said — " All these men 
were soldiers in the fight, and that they should conse- 
cjuently undergo any fate that might await them in the 
fight." He came round, and they all agreed that the 
concessions made by the Crown were for the benefit 
of the prisonens— in fact, they were astonished. Father 
M'Fadden said he would prefer being tried and did 
not want to plead guilty. He said he would cut off his 
right hand first. In his (witness') opinion he believed 
the course adoi)ted saved people from long terms of 
penal servitude. His opinion of the disposition of the 
prisoners was that they were all willing to abide by 
the opinion of counsel. 



Evidence of Mr. T. M. Healy. 

Mr. T. M. Healy, the plaintifl', was the next witness. 

Did you defend these prisoners to the best of your 
ability ? I hope so. 

Coll was convicted, as we know, and then Gallagher 
went on his trial, which ended in a disagreement? 
Yes. 

In that case also did you do your duty to the best of 
your ability as a professional man for your clients'? 
Yes, I hope so. 



NOTES FROM IliELAXD. 



39 



Had you a consultation with the other counsel on 
the evening of the disagreement of wliich I have re- 
ferred ? Yes, I should think it was nearly midnight. 
Mr. O'Doherty and Father M'Fadden were there. 

Do you remember any terms being mentioned by 
The iVIacDermot as coming from the Attorney- 
General ? I had almost forgotten about this consul- 
tation until 1 heard The MacDermot's evidence to-day. 
1 have never spoken to anybody since about it. On 
the matter being called to my recollection I think I 
stated that the Crown had got a great knockdown, and 
we were rejoiced and jubilant that the Crown vrere in 
this state. 

Can you recollect the terms that were offered ? I 
know that one part of the terms was that Father 
M'Fadden was to plead guilty. He had been origi- 
nally returned on a charge of murder. 

As regards that night, was anything done in reference 
to the original proposal made by the Crown ? I think 
not. 

At all events, no conclusion was come to that night? 
None. 

Do you remember being sent for for consultation 
next morning ? Yes. I think The MacDermot is not 
correct in saying we were to meet next morning. 
There was no regular arrangement in regard to con- 
sultation. We met at all hours of the day. 

Do you remember going into Dr. Houston's rooms 
on the morning of the day when the cases were dis- 
posed of? Yes ; a few minutes before the Court sat. 

What occurred then ? I think, substantially, The 
MacDermot has given an accurate account of it. The 
MacDermot said that the Attorney-General had made 
an offer, and he told us what the offer was, and I 
thought that as regards some of the prisoners they 
would be getting off fairly well, for there were two or 
three men whom we were very anxious about. One 
of them was a man named Ferry, in reference to whom 
there was evidence that he had practically danced on 
Martin, the District Inspector. If the Crown knew 
our side of the case that man would, undoubtedly, 
have been hanged. We were also anxious about Jack 
Gallagher, who was in a very sad way from counsel's 
point of ^•iew. With regard to the case of Father 
M'Fadden, and as to the question of his pleading 
guilty, I said that he should not plead guilty to any 
charge that he was innocent of; that he had nothing 
to say to the muider; and that, in fact, he should not 
plead guilty on any count at all in the indictmen.t. I 
think The MacDermot accurately quoted the observa- 
tion which 1 made when he stated that I said that 
Father M'Fadden should cut off his hand before he 
would plead guilty to any charge in connection with 
this business Uiere there was slight applause in court). 
Father M'Fadden then said he was thinking of his 
poor flock, and what would be the consequences to 
them. It was quite evident to me that Father 
M'Fadden was labouring under tremendous stress of 
responsibility, and i felt very much for his position. 
Mr. O Doherty then made the observation to which he 
has referred in his evidence as to my position both as 
counsel and as politician. I felt, of course, all the 
importance of that observation, and I said if Fathei 
M'F'adden was willing to sacrifice himself to save 
others that, of course, we should not object. I think 
that was the substance of it. 



Mr. Wright — In your opinion, as counsel, knowing 
the strength of the Crown case and the strength of 
your own, were they getting off easy ? 

Mr. Healy— We originally believed that some of 
them would be convicted. I think, to use a popular 
]ihrase, they got off in a coach. I should say, my 
lord, that, with regard to Jack Gallagher, we got him 
off clear, and as we explained after the disagreement 
of the jury, he tendered himself to save others, to 
plead guilty. He walked out the next day a free man. 
— National Press, Sth July, iSgi. 



THE QUEEN'S SPEECH. 



PARNELLITE OPINION. 
The Daily Independent of 1st February, says : — 
As to the Queen's Speech, it is quite plain that the 
Government have resolved to play high for the votes 
of the British democracy. From their own narrow 
point of view we cannot, of course, blame them ; from 
the point of view of Irish Nationalists, it is our duty, 
carefully but firmly, at the earliest possible moment, 
to let them know that the Independent representatives 
of Ireland stand for Home Rule first and Home Rule 
last. So far as their influence will carry them, there 
must be no tampering with this principle. It was 
Parnell's principle, and must to the end remain ours. 
We make every allowance for the claims and demands 
of the democracy of England and Scotland, with 
whom we have the most sincere sympathy ; but they 
know as well as we that the Liberal victory of 1892 
was won on the Irish question, and that until that 
question is disposed of there can be no quarter for 
any supposed Liberal who may hope or try to shelve 
it. 

The Evening Herald oi vst February declares : 
The Queen's Speech is, to a great extent, make- 
believe. The quantity of legislative business mapped 
out represents sufficient work for the full existence of 
a Septennial Parliament. From thirteen to eighteen 
first-class Bills, every one of them involving Radical 
progress, and therefore exciting the keenest contro- 
versy, are recited or foreshadowed. Offering such an 
array of measures for the. consideration of one Par- 
liamentary Session may be immense testimony to the 
zeal of the new Liberal Government, with a marvellous 
old statesman approaching ninety years of age at its 
head, but is not practicable as regards one-fifth of the 
catalogue. The Queen's Speech, therefore, resembles 
a great ''congested district." Mr. Gladstone may use 
the congestion as an argument in favour of migrating 
Irish business altogether to some other sphere. If so, 
we have no objection to this surfeiting of the present 
House of Commons with materials which cannot 
possibly be properly disposed of before the year 1900. 



40 



NOTES FliOM IRELAND. 



THE ASYLUM BOARDS. 



The following appears in the Times of 30th 
January, addressed to the Editor: — 

Sir, — On the i8th of January I forwarded the 
enclosed letter to the Eight Hon. John Morley, M.P., 
Secretary for Ireland, asking, in terms that I do not 
think could be objected to, for the reason of my 
dismissal from the board of the Westmeath District 
Lunatic Asylum. As eight days have elapsed without 
any reply being sent, I conclude none will ever arrive. 

I am, sir, yours foithfully, 

Thomas J. Smyth. 
Ballynegall, Mullingar, Jan. 26. 



Ballynegall, Mullingar, i8th Jan., TS93. 
To the Right Hon. J. Morley, M.P., &c. 

Sir, — I beg very respectfully to address you under 
the following circumstances : — 

For a number of years I have been a governor of the 
Mullingar Lunatic Assylum, and am a reasonably 
regular attendant at its meetings. I am one of the 
largest ratepayers in the county. I now find that 1 
am the only member of the board who has been 
dismissed. 

I do not question for one moment the perfect right 
of his Excellency the Lord Lieutenant to dismiss me, 
but, for my own satisfaction and that of my friends, 
I should be greatly gratified if you could assure me 
that the removal of my name from the list of the 
governors of the asylum is not due to any charge of 
neglect or default of any kind on my part. Possibly a 
political exigency may account for the action which has 
been taken. 

I am, your very obedient servant, 

Thomas J. Smyth. 



THE REDMONDITES AS PRIESTLY 
JAILERS. 



The Rev. Father Humphreys of " New " 
Tipperary fame, spent Sunday afternoon in 
politically addressing his friends. The rev- 
gentleman evidently felt sore regarding the 
imprisonment of clergymen under Mr. Morley 's 
regime. It would not, however, do to saddle the 
responsibility on the Government. Some one 



must be arraigned for the offence of sending to 
jail a law-breaking priest. So Father Humphreys 
states : — 

In the name of the priests of Ireland he appealed to 
them to hunt out of their country the jailers of the 
priests of Ireland — the Parnellites. (Cheers.) They 
imprisoned Father Pay in Meath for a month, and they 
imprisoned him (Father Humphreys) in Tipperary for 
a week. ("Groans.) For nearly thirteen years he had 
been fighting against the English Government, and with 
all their Coercion Acts they were never able to put him 
into jail. (Applause.) It remained for the dirty 
Parnellites of Tipperary to give Colonel Tynte the 
chance to put him up for one week. (Groans.) — 
Cork Herald^ ist February, 1893. 



MR. DAVITT AND THE PARIS 
FUNDS. 



Patrick J. Leahy, of Cahirconlish, County 
Limerick, writing to the Indcpiudent of February 
1st, says, as one of the 5,000 evicted tenants, he 
begs to ask Mr. Davitt to explain the semblance 
between his two recent letters to the Melbourne 
Advocate on the question of the Paris Funds, as 
follows : — 



Ballybrack, Ireland, 

Oct. 27th, 1892. 
" We are in a fair way 
of soon seeing an end of 
the dispute over the re- 
lease of the Paris Funds. 
Your readers are in pos- 
session of the facts of the 
controversy as given by 
me in my last two letters, 
facts which are briefly 
these — From the very first 
the Irish Party have been 
in favour of devoting this 
fnoney exclusively to the 
service of the evicted 
tenants." 



Letter the gth June, 
1892 : — " 1 fear we will be 
compelled to put forward 
many candidates whose 
only qualifications are that 
they have money. If U'C 
had control of the Paris 
Funds we would then be 
in a positimi., -pith that 
money, to pay the expenses 
of men of ability., and 
aftci-wards keep them in 
London, but until we suc- 
ceed in recovering die 
money from ' Messrs. 
Kenny and Harrington 
we will ha\e to send men 
to Parliament who can 
afford to pay their own 
way." 



Published by the Irish Onionist Alliance, at their Dublin Offices, 100 
Oraftoa Street, and London Offices, 26 Palace Chambers, Westminster, iS.W. 



NOTES FROM IRELAND 

*^* A Record of the sayings and doings of the Home Rule Parties in the furtherance of their " Separatist " Policy 
for Ireland ; and of facts connected ivith the country. For the information of the Imperial Parliament^ the Press, 
and tiie Public generally. 



No. 6.— Vol. 1.— New Series, l 1th FEBRUARY, 1893. 



Price Id. 



Qtontcnts. 

Recent Publications Relating to Ireland — Ikeland 

IN the Fkbruakv Reviews — The Land Market — 

Balfour v. Morley — Emigration 
Sherifks .and Police Protection 
The JIe.\th Vacancies 
A Diurnal 
A Dictionary of Kpithets .... ... .... 

Mr. Healy's Statements — Mr. Mohley's Figures — 

Father Behan in the Days to Come... 
Ireland under Mb. Morley — The Priest in Politics 

— Mr. William O'Brien and the Government — 

More Nationalist Amenities 



48 



RECENT PUBLICATIONS RELATING 
TO IRELAND. 



An Irish Middleman. A True Story of 
a Scotch Settler. By "Outis." Lon 
don : R. Sutton & Co., Limited, 1 1 Ludgate 
Hill. 



IRELAND IN THE FEBRUARY 
REVIEWS. 

Nineteenth Century. '' Passing the Wit of Man'. 
By Mr. Henry Jephson. 



THE LAND MARKET. 



On Tuesday, 31st January, Mr. Thomas Linehan, 
Auctioneer, Kanturk, sold by auction at Ballinaguilla, 
the residence of the late Mr. C. D. Linehan, by instruc- 
tion of the executor, his interest in an outside holding 
called Ballagh, containing about 53 acres, at the yearly 
rent of ;^3o. The bidding was exceptionally brisk 
and spirited. The interest in the farm was purchased 
by Mrs. O'Shaughnessy, of Coolbawn .Mills, for ;^iSo. 
— Cork Ha-ald, 4th Februar}-, 1893. 



THE PURCHASE ACTS. 

Nineteen pages of the Dublin Gazette of February 
3rd were occupied with the list of sales under the 
Land Purchase Act, completed in the month of 
January last upon the estate of Lady Wallace, in the 
County Antrim. The tenants who have bought their 
holdings number 1,012, and the total purchase-money 
advanced amounted to ;^36 1,935. 



BALFOUR V. MORLEY. 



WHAT A CONTRAST ! 

-MR. BALFOUR, 1S90 

On January 24th, 1S93, 



numberof half-starved 
nen and women pre- 
sented themselves be- 
fore the Schull Board 
of Guardians, begg ng 
lor "some sort of rciiet" 
employment as theygot 
two years ago. " 

" Witliout some outside 
aid (they said) they could 
never pull through, and it 
was by begging and the 
goodness of friends and 
neighbours that they lived 
for some months back." 
The report points out — "It 
is in this very district that 
the first relief works in Ire- 
land were started by Mr. 
Balfour during the late 
Government in 1 890, and 
were it not for which scores, 
if not hundreds, of poor 
creatures would have 
fallen a prey to famine, 
and there is no denying 
but, on the contrary, that 
the distress is at present 
of the keenest character." 
— -Skibberecn Eagle, 28th 
January, 1S93. 



MR. MORLEY, 1 893. 

Now instead of man- 
aging affairs in Ireland 
in such a manner as to 
win the commendation 
of the public, Mr. Mor- 
ley (possibly to show 
his contempt of Mr. 
Balfour's methods) so 
governs the country 
that he brings upon 
himself a rebuke from 
the judges of the Court 
of Ouecn's Bench, the 
Lord Chief Justice hav- 
ing, on Thursday, said : 

" The official who direc- 
ted Mr. Waters to refuse 
to comply with the Sheriff's 
demand for protection (in 
the discharge of his duty) 
be he Under Secretary or 
Chief Secretary, has ren- 
dered himself amenable to 
the criminal law, is liable 
to be tried by indictment, 
to have a criminal infor- 
mation exhibited in this 
court against him, and to 
be attached by the sum- 
mary process of the 
Court." — Evening Echo, 
Dublin, 4th Feb., 1893. 



EMIGRATION. 



From an official return, just issued by the Board of 
Trade, it appears that the emigration from Ireland 
during the month of January last numbered 992, as 
against 869 for January, 1S92 ; and yet this increase 
takes place with the friendly Mr. Morley in power and 
a Home Rule Bill in view. 



NOTES FROM IRELAND. 



SHERIFFS AND POLICE PRO- 
TEOTION. 



MR. MORLEY'S ACTION DECLARED ILLEGAL. 

In the Queen's Bench Division, on February 2nd, 
judgment was delivered in the case of the Attorney- 
General and others p. Kissane, which was argued 
before the Lord Chief justice, Mr. Justice O'Brien. 
Mr. Justice Johnson, and Mr. Justice Madden, during 
the present sittings, on a motion on behalf of the 
Sheriff of Kerry for an attachment against County 
Inspector Waters. The question involved was the 
legality of a recent order of the Executive Government 
refusing to allow police protection to sheriffs' bailiffs 
when executing writs of the superior court at night. T/ic 
court now unanimotisiy held that the ordcrwas illegal^ and 
granted an order of attachment, with stay of execution. 
The Lord Chief Justice (Sir Peter O'Brien), in 
delivering judgment said — The application is grounded 
on an affidavit of Mr. Goodman, the sub-sheriff of 
Kerry, which incorporates certain letters which passed 
between him and the R.xecutive Government. A joint 
affidavit in opposition to the motion has been made 
by Mr. Waters, who is sought to be attached, and Mr. 
William Henry Rice, a District Inspector of the Royal 
Irish Constabulary, who appears to be stationed at 
Casdeisland, in the County of Kerry. The affidavits 
and the incorporated correspondence appear to me to 
establish that the sub-sherilT of Kerry in the bona-fide 
exercise of his judgment came to the conclusion that 
in order to prevent writs of execution issuing from the 
Superior Court becoming abortive in Kerry, it was 
necessary to attempt to execute them by night, and 
that bona-fide believing it would be dangerous to his 
life and to the lives of his bailiffs to attempt to execute 
them without police protection he apphed for that pro- 
tection to Mr. Waters, the County Inspector, and that 
the latter, acting under the direction of the Executive 
Government, refused to give protection, on the ground 
that it was not reasonable to execute writs by night. 
The position of the Executive is set forth in 

A LETTER DATED THE 7TH DECEMBER, 1892, 

and addressed by the then Under Secretary to Mr. 
Butler, the High Sheriff of Kerry. 

The document sets forth : 

The Government are fully aware of the duties Imposed 
upon the sheriffs by law, and of the powers conferred upon 
them in the performance of the same. They desire, as 
they are bound to do, to protect and assist when neces- 
sary with adequate force, sheriffs in the execution of that 
duty at all reasonable times, subject to the reasonable 
conditions as to notice and the necessary requirements of 
an organized force. The hours of night do not seem to 
be reasonable times for the execution of writs or decrees, 
or for attempting their execution, and if the anticipated 
resistance against which protection is required should 
take place the perils to the public peace, even to the 
safety of life, of attempts by night are obvioua. Acting 
on these views ihe Government, as they are advised, are 
within their rights in declining to afford protection for 
the actual execution of a writ or decree at a time which 
they regard as dangerous and unreasonable, i.e., during 
the darkness of night. 

On 6th January, District Inspector Hamilton, who 



wrote for the County Inspector, Mr. Waters, to Mr. 
Goodman, the sub-sheriff, stated : — 

I have to inform you that the police will be on the spot 
by daybreak to afford your bailiffs protection while making 
the seizures, &c. The police will also protect your bailiffs 
when proceeding to the place before daybreak, provided 
the actual seizure be not made until that hour (daybreak). 

Mr. Goodman replied — 

I beg to say that it wouldbeperfectly useless to attempt 
the execution of the writ at daybreak, which I presume 
means sunrise, and the sun will not rise to-morrnw morn- 
ing until 17 minutes past 8 o'clock. As I have already 
inlormed you, I have no less than eight times at daybreak 
or sunrise attempted to execute various writs and decrees 
on defendant and never was able to succeed. Under the 
circumstances I do not see the use of again attempting to 
levy at daybreak, and it will be unnecessary for you to 
assemble police at defendant's lands on to-morrmv morn- 
ing at that hojr. I reserve the right of taking such 
procee lings against you as I may be advised for declining 
10 com )ly with my requisition. 

I have now read, continued the Chief Justice, 
sufficient of the correspondence, indeed nearly all of 
it. to indicate the claim of the sheriff on the one side 
and the position taken up by the Execu'ive on the other. 
It is quite clear then there was no difficulty, as far as 
the police themselves were concerned, created by reason 
of the time and place of the contemplated execution of 
the writ, though the time intended for the execution of 
the writ was night time. There was nothing so far as 
related to the general requirements of the county for 
constabulary to prevent them being present ; this is 
expressly admitted. 

The Attorney-General, in the course of his ingenious 
arguinent, contended that what the Sheriff wanted was 
not protection against violence and disorder, btit 
assistance merely in the clandestine removal of the 
cattle by night. I considered it my duty at this stage 
of his argument to point his attention to the 12 th 
paragraph of the sub-sheriff's affidavit, in which he 
stated that from his e.xperience as sheriff, and par- 
ticularly from his difficulty to levy under process 
against the defendant in the present action he believed 
it would be an idle waste of time and expense to 
endeavour to levy the amount of said writ oififa by 
a seizure on defendant's premises during daylight, or 
at any time when the defendant or those who act with 
him would have an opportunity of observing his 
approach, or that of any of his men, and where he 
stated that, in his opinion, it would be dangerous to 
his life, or the lives of his bailiffs, if they were to 
endeavour to execute the writ or appear in the district 
without proper protection, and where he stated that 
he believed that unless he was afforded protection by 
the police in executing writs before daylight, it would 
be 

IMPOSSIBLE TO EXECUTE HER MAJESTY'S WRITS 

over a large area of the County of Kerry. "When I 
called the Attorney-General's attention to this para- 
graph of the affidavit of the sub-sheriff, I asked him 
whether he admitted that the sheriff bona fide believed 
that it was necessary to execute the writ by night, and 
whether he applied for police protection because he 
bona fide believed it was necessary to have protection. 
The -Attorney-General most fairly and properly said 
he admitted the bona fides of the sheriff both as to the 
necessity to execute writs by night and as to the 
necessity of police protection when executing them. 



KOTES FROM IRELAND. 



43 



As I have already pointed out, the sub-sheriff, in the 
4th paragraph of his affidavit, stated that 

THE COUNTY INSPECTOR 

had under his control sufficient men to afford him the 
assistance he required. The statements in that para- 
graph are expressly admitted by the 3rd paragraph 
of the affidavit of Messrs. Waters and Rice, but these 
gentlemen, in the 7th paragraph of their affidavit, 
express their belief that the execution of writs and 
civil bill decrees at night is dangerous to the public 
peace, and exposes the sheriff and his bailiffs and the 
protection party to serious risks from collision with the 
people and from attacks made under cover of dark- 
ness by persons who could not be identified, and 
which attacks could not be successfully resisted. And 
they go on to allege that the fact of making such 
seizures at night is calculated to invite such attacks, 
and they add that where seizures have already been 
successfully made at night it was due to the fact that 
the cattle were seized while the owners were in bed. 
I don't believe in this deep slumber. Unhappily 
history tells us that in many districts in Kerry a con- 
siderable portion of the population preferred moon- 
light to sunlight. These gentlemen who are now so 
apprehensive about the peace admit that for many 
years past, when police protection was given, the 
execution of writs was so peaceful that while seizures 
were being effected the sleep of the owners of the 
cattle seized was unbroken. My own belief is that it 
was the presence of the police caused not the slumber, 
but the quietude, and that unless indeed some great 
spell of demoralization has fallen upon the Royal Irish 
Constabulary they can very effectively cope with any 
resistance that may be offered to them or the sub- 
sheriff or his bailiffs by night as well as by day. 

THIS NEW DEPARTURE OF THE EXECUTIVE, 

if permitted to continue, would give the coup de grace 
to that which has hitherto been attended with great 
difficulty — namely, the execution of civil process in 
Kerry. 

The limitation laid down by the Executive in their 
circular of the 7th December is, in my opinion, wholly 
illegal. What is the law upon this subject? It was 
laid down over fifty years ago in the highest court in 
these realms, in the House of Lords, in the well- 
known historical case of Miller v. Knox. The ques- 
tion in that case was what were the powers of persons 
named as commissioners in' a writ of rebellion, and 
whether constables organised under George IV., ch. 
103, were bound to assist the commissioners in 
execution of the writ, and if so, whether a certain 
constable who refused assistance, and an inspector of 
the constables under that Act who directed assistance 
not to be given was liable to be attached for so doing. 
The Court of Exchequer in this country had held, in 
an elaborate judgment, that both the constable and 
the inspector who had directed assistance not to be 
given were liable to attachment for contempt of court. 
An appeal was taken to the House of Lords, and the 
Common Law Judges were invited to assist them in 
the determination of the matter. The majority of the 
judges present, including Chief Justice Tyndall, held 
that the judgment of the Court of Exchequer in this 
country was right, and their opinion was affirmed by 
the House of Lords. 



For the first time in the history of these realms has 

ANTICIPATED RESISTANCE TO THE LAW 

been offered as a reason for its suspension. The 
circular of the "jth of December is, in my opinion, 
unconstitutional and illegal, as it in effect denies to the 
sheriff the right, power, and discretion which the law 
allows him, and is calculated to frustrate the judg- 
ments ©f this court. Now, it has been argued by the 
Attorney-General that there is no power in the court 
to issue a process of attachment in the present case, 
because there was no order from this court calling upon 
anyone to assist the sheriff in the execution of the writ, 
and that there was, therefore, no contempt of court. 
This contention was disposed of daring the argument. 
In the analogous cases where remedy for attachment 
was held to be no such order was given by the court 
from which the attachment issued. The right to call 
upon the liege subject for protection and assistance was 
vested in the sheriff by the common law or by a patent 
of assistance which issued under the Great Seil, and 
though no patent of assistance now issues, and the 
sheriff is appointed by warrant, it is provided by the 
5th and 6th Wm. IV., c. 55, that the appointment of 
the sheriff thereby shall be as good, valid, and effectual 
in law to all intents and purposes whatever, as if the 
same had been made by patent under the Great Seal 
of Ireland, or by any ways or means thereto in use, and 
that the sheriff should have and exercise all powers, 
privileges, and authorities whntsoever usua'ly exercised 
by sheriffs of counties in Ireland without any jjatent 
writ of assistance or other writ whatsoever. Nor do we 
think that we would be justified in refusing to a /ard 
the writ because there is a remedy by indictmei t —the 
indictment would be tried in a local venue by a j jryr- 
some of whom would, no doubt, largely sympathize 
with any action which tended to the frustration 
of writs of the Superior Courts, and was calculated to 
derogate from the authority of the sheriff, and indeed 
it would be an anomaly for the Executive Government 
to prosecute a subordinate offici.nl for abstaining to do 
that which they themselves commanded him to abstain 
from doing. Nor can I at all accede to the argument 
of the Solicitor General, ivho struggled so ably in an 
impossible position, that because civil bill decrees can- 
not now be executed by night, we in the exercise of 
our discretion should, therefore, not issue an attach- 
ment in this case. The law allovs writs of the 
Superior Courts to be executed by night, and we can- 
not permit the Executive to anticipate legislation, and 
to substitute their will for the law of the land. A writ 
of attachment must be awarded, but counsel for the 
sub sheriff having stated they do not wish it to issue, 
as the fault lay with the Executive, and the law officers 
of the Crown having stated they awaited the authori- 
tive decision of the Court for their future guidance. I 
think we are justified whilst we award an attachment, 
to direct the writ not to issue. The official who 
directed Mr. Waters to refuse to co.nply with the 
sheriff's demand for protection, be he Under Secretary 
or 

CHIEF SECRETARY — 

I do not, of course, refer to his Excellency the Lord 
Lieutenant — has rendered himse'f a"tenah!e to the 
criminal law, is liable to be tried by indictment, to have 
a criminal information exhibited in this Court against 



44 



l^OTES FBOM IRELAND. 



him, and to be attached hy the summary process of this 
Court. Though no illegal or unconstitutional order 
given by a superior authority, no matter how high, he 
can justify the unlawful action of his subordinate, yet, 
in such a case, we cannot help feeling, when it comes 
to a question of punishment, that there are degrees of 
culpability, and 1 accordingly rejoice that we are not 
in this case compelled to issue the process of attach- 
ment. Mr. \\'aters must, however, pay the costs of 
this application, for, in my opinion, no real doubt 
ought to have existed with reference to the law. 

Mr. Justice O'Brien, in concurring, said — The law 
from the earliest time had assigned to the sheriff a 
position of special confidence and authority. He was 
the ultimate depository of the power that gave effect 
to all kinds of legal right. The whole structure of 
civil and social engagements vested in him in the last 
event — behind the sheriff stood the whole force of the 
Crown. To withdraw or lessen that power — to say 
that he should not have the assistance of the police, 
except within certain times — was simply to declare 
that the sheriff should not carry out the law in the 
County of Kerry. 

Mr. Justice Johnson and Mr. Justice Madden also 
concurred. — Daily Express, 3rd February, 1893. 



THE MEATH VACANCIES, 



On Sunday, 5th February, Mr. William 
O'Brien, M.P., addressed a meeting at Dun- 
shaughlin, in South Meath. The Rev. Father 
Gallagher, C.C., presided, and wa^^ supported by 
eleven clergymen. The following resolution, 
among others, was adopted :— 

That we regard an amnesty of all political prisoners 
as an indisp'?isable condition of any final Home Hide 
settlement, and that we view with indignation and dis- 
gust the attempt of the Redmondite leaders to make 
political capital out of the prisoners' sufferings by a 
course of conduct which they must know to be fatal to 
the cause of amnesty and dangerous to the passage of 
a Home Rule Bill. 

Mr. O'Brien then spoke. Referring to " our 
unfortunate friends," the people who were at that 
•moment attending a Parnellite meeting adjoining, 
Mr. O'Brien said : — 

I say instead of cheering here to-day I only wish that 
they could be present to-morrow night and see Colonel 
Saunderson — (groans) — and Mr. Chamberlain and 
Mr. Balfour armed with the pamphlets issued by .Mr. 
John Redmond's association. 

A 'Voice — Down with Redmond. 
Another Voice — And down with Paddy O'Brien. 
Mr. Pat O'Brien (shouting from tlie outskirts of t'-.e 
crowd), said — He is here to answer for himself. 



Mr. William O'Brien — He is a very small man and 
worthy of very little notice. (Cheers.) We want no 
row here to-day. You are perfectly welcome to stay — 

Mr. Patrick O'Brien, brandishing a stick and evi- 
dently labouring under great excitement and passion, 
again attempted to speak, and was greeted with loud 
and angry cries of "Turn him out." Mr. William 
O'Brien appealed to the people not to touch him, and 
eventually had to leave the platform and save Mr. 
Patrick O'Brien from the consequences which his 
irritating conduct was about to bring upon him. 

Mr. O'Brien again mounting the platform continued 
— I assure you ) ou paid altogether too great a compli- 
ment to our poor friend, Paddy. (Laughter.) 

Another meeting was held same time at Ath- 
boy in the southern district. The speakers were 
Mr Crean, M.P., and Mr. Joseph Cox, Ex-M.P. 
The 'Very Rev. M. Fox, ]'.?., presided, and 
amongst those present were twelve priests. The 
Rev. Father Behan, P.P., of Trim, in his speech 
said : — 

I wish that my words would reach their ears 
(present-day Parnellites), and that they would give up 
their divisions and let us face the conimc?i enemy, and 
carry Home Rule by sending as our quota to Par- 
liament Jordan and Gibney. We beat these factionists 
who are against us before, and now, with pepper and 
ginger, as they come on again in this political race, we 
will beat them again. — Freeman^s Journal, 6th Feb. 
1S93. 

Messrs. Jordan (the candidate) and Fullam 
(the unseated member) held a meeting at Bettys- 
town. The Very Rev. P. Gallery, P.P., in the 
chair, four clergymen being present. 

At Kells. in North Meath, Mr. Gibney, the 
candidate, addressed a meeting. His chairman 
was the Rev. James Nulty, P.P., supported by 
seven clergymen. 



ILLITERACY IN MEATH. 

In the General Elections of 1885 and 1886 the 
Nationalist candidates for the two divisions of the 
County Meath were returned unopposed. At the 
General Election of, 1892, owing to the split in 
the Parnellite party, the seats were contested with 
the following results : — North Meath, Michael I^avitt, 
anti-Parnellite, 2,549 ; Pierce Mahony, Parnellite, 
2.14)- Majority, 403. Out of a total electorate of 
5,9(^0, the illiterate voters numbered (accfjrdingto Mr. 
Asquith's statement in the House of Commons on the 
6th inst.), 1,127, or 26 per cent, of the votes polled. 

South Meath, Patrick Fullam, anti-Parnellit6, 2,212 ; 
J. |. Dalton, Parnellite, 2,129 ; Majority, 83. Out of 
a total electorate of 6,538, the illiterate voters numbered 
1,023, or 23 per cent, of the votes polled. 

According to the Census of 1891 the male popula- 
tion of North Meath of 20 years and upwards was 
11,481, of whom 1,994 could neither read nor write. 

In South Meath the male population of 20 years and 
upwards was 11,609, and of these 2,042 declared 
themselves unable to read or write. 



NOTES FROM IRELAND. 



A DIURNAL 

OF EVENTS RELATING TO IRELAND. 



January SO.— Unionist meeling held 
at Dungannon, the Earl of Ranfurly 
presi.Iing. The Rev. E. F. Cimpbell 
rnoveii, and Lord Templetown seconded, a 
series of resdution?. Mr. Richard fat- 
ters'in, Belfast (Liberal Unionist), empha- 
sised the fact that Home Rule would clear 
the country of capitalists!. 

21, — Meeting of the Unionists repre- 
s-ntinijthe Mid, North, and South Tyrone 
Ai50ciation-( was htld at Oioagh. iu the 
unavoidable ab-sence of the Duke of Aber- 
corn, the chair was taken by Mr. W. F. 
B ai;k, D. L. Amongst those present 
were— The Earl of Caledcn, Marcjuis ol 
Hamilton, the Very Rev. James Byrne, &c. 
Mr. H. De F^Uenbeig Montj;oniery moved 
resolution whii^h had been nitjved at all 
ihe previou-i meetings. Mr. K. T. Herd- 
man, D. L., aid Dr. E. C. Thompson. 
Unionist candidate fur Mid-T\rone at last 
election, addressed the meeting. 

23.— Unionist meeting in Derry, under 
Ihe presidency of the Mayor of Deiry. 
Lord Templetown, ,Mr, |ohn Ross, Q.C., 
M.P. ; Mr. MCrory, Hijh Sheriff .f 
Londonderry ; J. Beresford, D.L. ; Thomas 
Sinclair, Helfast; and Professors Graham, 
Dickey, M'Master, Henry, and Petticre-*. 
were among those present. The usual 
Convention Le.igue resolutions were moved. 

— Unionist meeting at Cookstown. The 
chiir wa> taken by Mr. J. B. Gunning 
Moore, D.L., and there were aUo present 
—Mr. Arnold Forster, M.P., Mr. T. L. 
Corbett (Unionist Candidate for East 
Tyrone), and Colonel Lowry, Chairman of 
the Electoral Association. The Conven- 
tion resolutions were passed with enthu- 
siasm. 

25. — Mi-eting of Unionists of Newry, 
.South Down, and South Armagh, hell in 
Armagh. Letter of apology was read from 
the Karl of Kilmorey. The chair was 
taken by Mr. Henry Thompson, J.i'., 
who contested the b irough of Newry at the 
Last election. The Hon. Horace Flunkett, 
M.l*., supported the adoption of the Con- 
vention resolution. 

31. — Opening of Parliament. The fol- 
lowing are the passages in the Queen's 
Speech reft-rring to Ire'and ; — "The procla- 
mations recently in force, which placed 
Ireland under exceptional provisions of 
law, have been revoked ; and I have the 
satisfaction of informing you that the con- 
dition of that counity, with respect to 
agrarian crime, conimues to improve. A 
bill will be submitted to you, on the 
eailiest available occasion, to a^nend the 
provision for the government of Ireland. 
It has been prepared with the desire to 
afford contenimeut to the Iri^h people, 
important relief to Parliament, and addi- 
tional secnriiif s for th>! strength and union 
of the Empire," Address in reply to the 
Speech to tlie Throne moved in the House 
of Lords by Lord Brassy, seconded by 
Lord Thring. 

The Marquis of Salisbury said, with 
regard to the question of Ireland ; "The 
fault of Mr. Morley— of the Government — 



h\< been that they have aimed at getting 
ihe sapporl of a class of men which hitherto 
no p diiicians have thought it necessary or 
p ^sible to concili<ate. The noble lords 
who moved and seconded the Address, 
when adducing arguments on thfi subject 
of Home Rule, seemed to have forgotten 
the existence ol Ulster and the Proiestant 
minority. They never seem to have heard 
of the Miath Election, and to have no 
notion that the great question at issue in 
trelind is whether you nill give to the 
party which dominated the Meath Election 
the right to put its heel nn the rest of 
Ireland." In the House of Commons Mr. 
Gladstone gave notice that on Monday 
next, 6ih of February, he would ask lea' e 
to bring in a Hill to Amend the Provision 
for the Government of Ireland. 

Mr. A. J. Balfour, in ihe debate on 
'he Address, spoke of the Evicted 
Tenants Commission, and said — " You 
have only to read the examination on 
nny day of this Commission to see that 
the results of its labours are rendered ab- 
solutely worthless, by the fact that no 
adequate examination takes place upon 
the evidence at all." With regard to the 
statement that the Home F^ule Bill had 
he, n prepared with a desire to aflord con- 
tentment to the Irish people, he could 
only say, that a measure which is regarded 
not merely with dislike, but with passion- 
ate and irreconcilable aversion by one- 
ihird of the people ; with a sentiment of 
af.proval, mixed up with a desire for spolia- 
tion, by another third ; and by the reraain- 
irg third is regarded as an instrument to 
wrest fresh concessions from the Imperial 
Parliament, is not, whatever else may be 
said of it, one that is likely to afford con- 
tentment to the Irish people. 

Mr. Gladstone, replying to Mr. Balfour, 
said, in reference to the release of Egan, 
that the subject was raised in July or 
August, and he pledged thuse who were 
then in opposition under all circumstances 
to follow no contrary plan to that which 
has been, and will be, in operation in the 
Home Oltice with respect to the release or 
miiigation of sentences on the prisoners. 

February 1. — Debate t.n the Address 
resumed. Mr. R. M. Dane (North Fer- 
managh) said the Home Rule proposals of 
the Government were simply a lolicy of 
pandering to the disloyal classes in Ireland. 
He condemned the revocation of the pro- 
visions of the Climes Act with regard to 
the chauge of venue, as those provisions 
were the only means through which Ihe 
Irish Government could hope to.secure the 
con . iction of criminals. 

— Unionist meeting held in Monaghan, 
Sir John Leslie, Bart., presiding, and 
there were present — Viscount Templetown, 
Mr. Jariies M'Cullngh, High Sheriff; Bon. 
Peter Westenra, Colonel Lloyd, D.L ; 
Major Richarc^Ecn, J.P,, &c. This was 
the last of the present series of meetings in 
Ulster, beginning at Enniskillen on Janu- 
ary I2th ; and demonstrations taking place 
since at Belfast, Armagh, Dungannon, 
Oniagh, Derry, Cookstown, Ballymena, 
Newry, Cootehill, and Raphoe. 



2. — In the Queen's Bench Division, 
belore the Lord Chief Justice, Mr. Justice 
O'Brien, Mr. Justice Johnson, and Mr. 
Justice Madder, the Lord Chief Justice 
gave judgment — their lordships concuirii g 
— in the case of the Attorney-General ana 
Others v. Kissane. His Lordship said — 
" The Sheriff was entitled to the necessary 
police protection which he demanded. . . . 
The circular issued by the Executive on 
the 7th December was, in his opinion, 
illegal." 

— In the House of Lords the Debate 
on the Address was resumed by the Mar- 
quis of Londonderry. He quoted slaie- 
meots by Mr. Parnell, Mr. Dillon, and 
Mr. Win. O'Brien to show that the Home 
Rule put forward in iSS6 was accepted 
merely as an instalment, and not as a 
settlement, but assured their lordships that 
Ulster had no idea of bf ing handed OV' r 
to the tender mercies of Mr. Davitt or Mr. 
Dillon. Ulster had no intention of sub- 
mitting htr 1 yal Protestant neck to the 
disloyal Catholic vote, and would acce[)t 
no measure that proposed to establish a 
Pailiaraent in College Green. Eail 
Spencer denied that the Government had 
shown to criminals more sympathy than 
they ought to have done. . . , No one was 
more ready to admit than he was that 
there was in Ireland a considerable Pro- 
testant community who bad a right 
to bo considered, and no one had disre- 
garded the interests of Ulster. But was 
Ulster to diclate to the Imperial Parlia-' 
ment ? Lord Ashbourne saiQ strong risks 
were being run in Ireland to conciliate the 
disloyal. The Government were propos- 
ing to set aside the wishes of an admittedly 
loyal body upon the chance of altering the 
feelings of those who were not loyal. The 
Lord Chancellor (Lord Herschell) said 
that in any advice he gave to the Home 
Secretary in regard to the releas« of Ihe 
Gwetdore prisoner, he was not influenced 
in the slightest degree by any political 
idea, sentiment, or motive. It never oc- 
cuired to him that it was a matter in which 
politics could be in the slightest degree 
mixed up. 

— Intiie House of Commons the adjourn- 
ed del.ate on the Address was resumed by 
Colonel Saunderson. During his speech 
the hon. and gollant member referred to 
Father M'Fadden as a " murderous 
ruffian." A scene of great excitement 
en'ued, and, finally, after several appeals, 
Colonel Saunderson said he would with- 
draw the words complained of, and call 
Father M'Paddeu an "excited politician." 
Mr. Chamberlain in his speech quoted the 
remarks of the Chief Secretary in the 
Leinster Hall, in iSSS, when he said, "The 
French amnestied the Communards, &c." 
Mr. Morley denitd that he referred to 
dynamiters. In reference to the Gweedore 
prisoners, Mr. Chamberlain said, the pre- 
sent Attorncy-C'Cneral fur Iiclami, and Ihe 
member for Louth (Mr. T. M. Healy)had 
both expressed the opinion that in secur- 
ing the sentences which were inflicted, 
Ihey had made an arrargement which was 



46 



ifOTES FROM iUELANt). 



extremely to the advantai^e of their clients, 
and asked, Why did Mr. Morley ignore 
this statement ? 

3. — The adjourned debate was resumed 
in the House of Lords and the Address 
agreed to. 

In the House of Commons, the Chief 
Secretary for Ireland, in reply to Colonel 
Nolan, said the Board of Educition have 
recently submitted certain proposed 
changes in the rules under which grants 
are made, but the Lord Lieutenant found 
himself unable to give his sanction to those 
changes so proposed. 

Sir Thomas fcsmonde moved for the wiit 
for North Meath, and the motion was 
agreed to. The debate on the Address 
was continued by Mr. Carson in a very 
brilliant maiden speech. He said he \v luld 
not follow the Chief Secretary into the 
mass of figures with regard to the state of 
crime in Ireland, because the increase or 
decrease of crime depended largely upon the 
course that political agitators ihouiiht fit to 
take at a particular moment, in the same 
way that the payment or non-payment of 
rent depended upon what the farmers 
were told to do, and not upon their 
financial condition. I^eferring to the 
Gweedore prisoners, he said Father 
M'Fadden evaded arrest for some days. 
Was the law to be defeated, and the rev. 
gentleman allowed to repeat his boast 
that he was the law in Gweedore. He 
believed what occurred was premeditated, 
for Father M'Fadden had said if a sum- 
mons were issued against him he would 



not obey it, and if a warrant were issued, 
blood would be spilled before it was exe- 
cuted. Was he to be told that if blood 
was spilled, it was not spilled through the 
organization set on foot by this rev. 
gentleman ? 

After a long discussion upon affairs in 
Uganda, the debate was adjourned. 

— Man named Christopher M'Namara 
shot on the road between Dunshaughlin 
and ' lavinstown. Four men assisting 
-Vlr. Dalton in his canvass in South 
Meath arrested, and brought before nr. 
Olphert, R. M., who discharged them. 

4. — Mr. John Dillon, M.P., speaking 
at Burnley, in support of Mr. Stanhope, 
said, '■ Things were said and done by 
some priests in Meath and means used to 
obtain votes of which he did not approve." 

— Sir J. Crosland (Unionist), was 
elected for tluddersfield by majority of 
35- 

The polling at previous elections was 
as follows : — 

18S5 j8S6 

Leatham (I.) 6960 Summers (L) -2610 

Crosland (C) 6194 Crosland C) (026 



Liberal maj. 766 



Liberal maj. 



Summers (L) 7098 
Crosland (C) 68j7 

Liberal maj. 261 

6. — Justices Hawkins and Vaughan 
Widiams delivered judgment in the Cir- 
encester Election Petition. They found, 



after deciding as to the legality of various 
challenged votes, that the voting was 
equal, and the election, consequentlj , void. 

— Mr. P. Stanhope (Liberal), elected 
member for Burnley by majority of 693. 

The polling at previous elections was 
as follows : — 

1885 1886 

Rylands (L) 4S£6 Rylands (LU) 09 
Wainwright (C) 4199 Greenwood (L) 4166 



Liberal maj. 667 
18E7 

Bye-Election 
Slagg (L) 5026 

Thursby (C) 4481 

Liberal maj. 545 



Unionist maj. 43 

1889 
Bye-Eleciion 
J. S. Balfour (L) un- 
oppo ,ed. 



Liberal maj. 1415 
— In the House of Commons in reply 
to Mr. I arson, .vlr. Morley stated that 
since 1849, in twelve cases out of nine- 
teen, cross-examination was allowed in 
proceedings in Viceregal t 'ommissions in 
Ireland. Mr. v\ haiton moved, as an 
amendment to the Address, to add at the 
end — " Hut this House humbly express 
iis regret that no mea.sures are announced 
by Her Majesty for the present relief of 
those who are afflicted by the existing 
widespread depression in agriculture, 
cither by mean? of readjustment of local 
burdens or otherwise." Mr. T. W. 
Rufsell expressed astonishment at the 
attitude of the Government in regard to 
agricultural distress as it affected Ireland. 



A DICTIONARY OP EPITHETS. 



Colonel Saunderson's allusion to the notorious 
Father M'Fadden in the House of Commons on 
February 2nd as "this murderous ruffian" created 
a storm of indignation from Mr. John Dillon 
and his friends. In view of this so-called indig- 
nation, it may be of interest to read the following 
epithets selected from three weeks' output of 
animosity in United Ireland during 1888 against 
Mr. Balfour while Chief Secretary. Mr. Wm. 
O'Brien at that period was Editor-in-Chief of 
United Ireland. The epithets are arranged in 
alphabetical order, so that they may be better 
realized : — 



Bloody Balfour. 

Bomba the Little. 

Blackguard. 

Beastly. 

Blundering. 

Boastful. 

Brutal. 

Cromwell the Second. 

Callous. 

Galuinnious. 

Cold-hearted. 

Cruel. 



Despot. 
Dastardly. 
Despicable. 
Detestable. 

Drained of all his man- 
hood. 

Effeminate. 
Execrable. 

Father of Lies. 

Feminine. 

Ferocious. 



Flinching. 
Frantic. 
Fraudulent. 
Fluent, flippant liar. 

Garotter. 

(Grotesque. 

Hypocrite. 

Idiot. 
Infamous. 
Inhuman. 
Insulting. 

Law breaker. 
Lily-livered coward. 

Murderer. 

Meanest of the human 

race. 
Malicious. 
Malignant. 
Miserable. 

Narrow. 

Odious. 
Outrageous. 

Pilate. 

Priest-hunter. 

Pitiful. 



Eufiian. 
Keckless. 
Reviling. 
Ridiculous. 

Slanderer. 

Snob. 

Swindler. 

Sybarite. 

Savage. 

Shabby. 

Shameless. 

Spiteful. 

Thief. 

Tiger's heart wrapt in a 

woman's hide. 
Tiger-lily. 
Torturer. 
Tyrant. 

Unspeakably contemp- 
tible. 

Venomous reptile. 

Ventriloquist. 

Vacillating. 

Vindictive. 

Vile. 

Wriggler. 



NOTES FROM IRELAND. 



47 



MK. HBALY'S STATEMENTS. 



Mr. T. M. Healv, M.P., in his speech at Gor- 
manlough, Co. Meath, on 29th January, made 
the following statement : — 

It is a remarkable fact that the petitions in the 
County of Meath were really brought about because one 
of the priests in the County Wexford referred to Mr. 
Redmond's grandfather. (Laughter.) Some think, I 
suppose, that it was some question of priestly dictation 
brought about the elections in Meath. Nothing of the 
kind ; it was a bit of spite on the part of fohn Redmond 
to injure the priests because of a story told by Canon 
Doyle — (applause) — about his grandfather — (laugliter) 
— and the story was this : " These Redmonds," said he. 
" are going about masquerading as the Boys of Wex- 
ford and the descendants of the pikemen of '98. Why, 
I knew Redmond's grandfather very well. 

HE WAS A VERY RESPECTABLE TAILOR 

— (loud laughter) — and," said he, " the connection that 
he had with the pikemen in '98 was this, that while the 
rebellion was going on the (jovernment employed him 
making jackets for the yeomen — (laughter and applause) 
— and one day " — and no wonder he has a spite against 
these terrible priests — '■ one day," said he, " after the 
battle of Ross one of the captains of the yeomen 
was going through the town with a rather large hole in 
the seat of his trousers — (laughter) — which he got from 
one of the pikemen, and he stopped with his troop in 
front of tiiis respectable tailor's door, and the honest 
tailor went down on one knee in the mud of the street 
while he mended the yeoman's breeches." (Laughter 
and applause.) Trifling as it was, that brought about 
the petitions in Meath, because Redmond sivore 7vhen 
Canon Doyle published that story about him that he 
weuld be revenged on the priests cf Ireland ; and that is 
why I say that Mahony and Redmond and all these 
grand people are so particular about having nothing 
said about their grandfathers or grandmothers. 
(Laughter.) — Freeman' s Journal, 31st January, 1893. 



CANON DOYLE'S DENIAL 
The Rev. Canon Doyle writing from Rams- 
grange to the Editor of the Freeman's Journal : — 
Sir,— My attention has been called to a speech of 
Mr. T. Healy's which appears in your issue of last 
Monday. In that speech he quotes from, he says, a 
speech of mine, an incident in the life of .Mr. Redmond's 
grandfather. I never heard of it before, and, of course, 
I never mentioned it, either publicly or privately. 
Someone must have deceived Mr. Healy. — Sir, yours 
faithfully, 

Thomas Canon Doyle, P.P. 
— Freeman' s Journal, 3rd February, 1893. 



THE SHERIFF OF MEATH. 

The following letter appears in the Freeman's 
Journal of February 7th, addressed to the 
editor : — • 

Sir, — In the Parliamentary news in your jjaper of 
the 4th instant, in reference to the writs for South 
Meath, .Mr. T. Healy is reported to say that the sheriff 
of Meath is their (the Parnellite) man. I desire most 
emphatically to contradict this statement, I have no 



sympathy whatever in politics with either section of the 
Home Rule Party. I am a Conservative, but, above 
all, a Unionist. — I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

1J. C. Singleton, High Sheriff of Meath. 

COLONEL BUCHANAN. 
We take the following letter from the Times 
of February 8th : — 

Sir, — With reference to Mr. T. Healy's statement 
in the House last night that I had declared in a speech 
I recently made that I would head my regiment in 
resistance to Home Rule if ever it became law, will 
you permit me to say tliat I never made any such 
statement ? If anyone is curious enough to ascertain 
what I did say on the occasion referred to, it will be 
found under the heading of " Ireland " in your columns 
of the 30th of May last. — -Your obedient servant, 
L. M. Buchanan, 
Colonel Commanding 4th Royal Inniskilling 
Fusiliers (Tyrone Militia). 
Edenfels, Co. Tyrone, 
February 4. 

MR MORLEY'S FIGURES. 

Mr. Morley in his speech on the debate on the 
address [Feb. 2], quoted figures to prove his 
argument that Ireland during the past six 
months was in a peaceable condition. The 
right hon. gentleman said the number of 
agrarian outrages in 1891 was 472. These 
figures do not agree with the quarterly Returns 
presented to Parliament, as follows : — 

Quarter ending 31st March, 1 89 1 ... 119 
„ „ 30th June „ ... 120 

„ „ 30th Sept. „ ... 133 

1, 5- 31st Dec. „ ... 83 

Total 455 

Or 17 less than Mr. Morley stated. 
Mr. Morley also stated that the figures for the 
first half year of 1S92 were i^^-i,. Here again 
Mr. Morley does not agree with the official re- 
turns, which shows : — 

Quarter ending 3Tst March, 1892 ... 85 
„ „ 30th June „ ... 134 

Total 219 

Or 1 2 less than Mr. Morle/s figures. 
No official returns for the latter half of i8g2 
have yet been issued, so Mr. Morley's figures 
cannot be tested. 

FATHER BBHAN IN THE DAYS 
TO COME. 

The Rev. Father Behan, C.C, addressing a 
meeting at the Abercorn Hall Dublin, on June 
29th, 1892, in support of the anti-Parnellite 
candidate for the St. Stephen's Green Division. 
The Rev. clergyman declared : — 

" Every virtuous man is on our side, and whether 
we fail in this contest or not, we will all over the coun- 
try when we are your masters crush you when we get 
the power." — Independent, 30th June, 1892, 



XOTJES FROM IBELAN D. 



IRELAND UNDER MR. MORLEY. 



A School Boycotted, assisted by Moonlighters 
— At Killeentierna, near C.istleisland, a school teacher, 
who conducted the boys' national school for many years, 
having resigned from that otTice, the parish priest, the 
Rev. Father P'itzgerald, acquainted his parishioners o^ 
his intention of getting a first-class teacher, but some 
of the parishioners did not concur with this suggestion. 
An assistant from a neighbouring school having applied 
for the post, and being very popular it was the intention 
of some of the people of the neighbourhood to have 
him appointed to the school. Father Fitzgerald, finding 
he had been qualified only as a third class teacher 
objected to his appointment, and without further con- 
sulting his parisliioners provided a first-class qualified 
master,and there followed a total abstinence of the pupils 
from the schoolroom, with the exception of the sons 
of two farmers. On last Monday night (30th January) 
the houses of these t7C'0 men 7cere visited by a number of 
armed men, icho fired repeatedly, perforating the doors 
with bullets, but fortunately 'ivith no fatal eonaequenees 
as to loss of life. — Kerry Sentinel, 4th February, 1893. 



A Stallion Poisoned. — Mr. John Gallivan has, I 
am informed (says a Listowel correspondent of the 
Cork Herald), put in a claim for ^^150 compensation 
for loss and damage, sustained by reason of a stallion 
horse his property having been ma'ieiously poisoned in 
his livery stables, situate at the rere of his premises, a 
few nights ago. It appears that the high w.ills enclos- 
ing the stables were scaled o\er night, and, an entrance 
having been effected, a dose of poison was administered 
to the animal, which was found dead in the morning. 
Mr. Gallivan had some of the entrails forwarded to ISir 
Charles Cameron for analysis, with the result that a 
poisonous substance was found therein. — Corh Herald, 
3rd February, 1893. 



THE PRIEST IN POLITICS. 



ON THE CONTINENT. 
Mr. H. J. Dyer, of Walmer, Kent, writes as 
follows to The Scotsman of Feb. 2nd : — 

I was in Belgium last summer at the time of their 
general election, and was horror-struck at the power of 
the priests. The peasant class were forced to vote for 
the Clerical party, the priests taking them to the poll. I 
remarked to a friend (a Belgian), '• They have the ballot 
to protect them." " Very true," he said ; " but the 
priests hold the confessional over them, and they dare 
not vote as they would wish." During the time of the 
election there was a great drought. Rain was pra)'ed 
for in the churches. The priests in their sermons de- 
clared, " the good God would not allow the rain to 
fall on the lands of any who did not vote for the 
Catholics." 

Our election was going on at the same time. Just 
when the Liberal Part)- were gaining, a Belgian doctor 
rushed up to me, and, in a great excitement, exclaimed — 
" Monsieur Gladstone wins." I said, " You appear 
pleased ; but you are a good Conservative, how is 
this ? His reply opened my eyes as to what Home 
Rule meant — " IVe are Roman Catholics. Monsieur 



Gladstone is for the Roman Catholics ; therefore^ tee 
want Home Rule for Ireland, and compel the heretics of 
Ulster to be under the Pope." Another time I had a 
discussion with a large party, who were rejoiced at 
Mr. Gladstone's success. I asked them their reasons, 
" Monsieur Gladstone is Roman Catholic." I said 
" No, he is a Protestant. They got furious at this, 
and said — " It was impossible for a Protestant could be 
fighting on the side and for the Roman Catholic 

Party." 

♦ 

MR. WM. O'BRIEN AND THE 
GOVERNMENT. 



In his speech at Dunshaughlin, Co. Meath, on 
Sunday, February 5th, Mr. VVm. O'Brien, M.P., 
declared : — 

We have a Government now in power which has 
made a National Parliament for Ireland the first promise 
in the Queen's Speech, and the first and supreme 
object of the session. (Prolonged cheers.^ We have 
them pledged to Home Rule ; we have them pledged 
up to the lips to reinstate the evicted tenants of Ireland 
— (cheers) — we have them pledged also to a policy of 
clemency and amnesty as an indispensable condition — 
in the words of the resolution — of any final reconciliation 
between these two countries — (loud cheers) — we have 
never guaranteed, and we do not guarantee now, that 
the Liberal Government will be true to their promises 
to Ireland. But what we do guarantee is that we have 
the po7ver and ive have the determination without one 
momenfs compunction to turn them out of office in the 
morning the instant it becomes evident to us that they do 
not intend to carry out their promises to Ireland loyally, 
fully, and to the letter, and with reasonable expedition 
besides. (Cheers.) — Freeman'' s Journal, 6th February, 
1S93. 



MORE NATIONALIST AMENITIES. 



MR. MATT KENNY, M.P. 
At a recent meeting of the Causeway (County 
Kerry) Branch of Ireland's Army of Indepen- 
dence the following resolution was adopted : — 

" That we heartily approve of the manly action of 
.Mr. Pierce Mahony in blacking the eye of .NIatt Kenny, 
or any other blackguard that insults a woman." — Kerry 
Sentinel, 4th February, 1893. 



DR. TANNER, M.P. 
The new Liberal daily, the Morning Leader, has an 
amusing account of 1 r. Tanner's latest doings in the 
House of Commons: How the bufl'oon put-his coat 
on one seat and his waistcoat on another; how he cut 
various antics in the vacant Speaker's chair ; how he 
dragged a long chain up and down the floor ; and 
how he offered his ever-ready whiskey bottle to Mr. 
Victor Cavendish. Thus is the dignity of Irish repre- 
sentation preserved. Dr. Tanner thinks he is a nigger 
minstrel in a circus. — Evening Herald (Parnellite), 
2nd February, 1893. 



Published bj* the Ibish Unionist Alliance, at their Dublin Ofl&ces, 109 
OraftoD Street, and Loudoa OiBces, 2S Palace Chambers, Westmlasier, S.W, 



MOTES FROM IRELAND 



•^* A Record of the sayings and doings of the Home Rule Parties in the furtherance of their " Separatist" Policy 
for Ireland ; and of facts connected with the country. For the information of the Imperial Parliament, tlie Press, 
and the Public generally. 



No. 7.— Vol. 1.— New Series. 18th FEBRUARY, 1893. 



Price Id. 



Co tt tents. PAGE 

" What Home Rule Means Now " — Mr. Glad-stoxe and 
Ikish Cabinet Misistebs — Akchbishop Walsu 

AND Freemasoxs ... ... ... ... 49 

The Home Rule Bill ... ... .. ... 50 

Police Protection and Civil Bill Decrees ... 51 
Ireland under Mr. Morlev — JIr. AsyuiTH and Am- 
nesty ... ... ... ... ... 52 

A Diurnal ... . ... ... ... 53 

Blue Books and Parliamentary Papers ... ... 55 

The State of Kerry ... ... ... ... 56 



WHAT HOME RULE MEANS NOW." 



In reply to numerous enquiries regarding the 
pamphlet under the above title, reprinted from 
Tfie Times by special permission, and published 
by the Liberal Union of Ireland, containing the 
full text of the Home Rule Bill of i886, and 
sections 25 to 28 of the Land Purchase Bill of 
1886, the Ex-Committee desire to say that copies 
can be had on application at the London offices 
of the Irish Unionist Alliance, 26 Palace 
Chambers, Westminster. 



MR. GLADSTONE AND IRISH 
CABINET MINISTERS. 



Mr. Gladstone on Monday evening in 
mentioning Lord Castlereagh and the Duke of 
Wellington as Irishmen sitting in English 
Cabinets, evidently wished his audience to believe 
that those statesmen were the only Irishmen who 
had been Cabinet Ministers since the Union. 
What are the facts roughly : — 

Mr. Spring Rice, M.P., for ] .imerick was a Cabinet 
Minister in Lord Melbourne's Government — 1835-41. 



Earl Cairns 
Earl of Mayo 
(Lord Naas) 

Mr. William Burke 

(afterwards Marquis 
of Clanricardej. 



Members of 
Mr. Disraeli's Cabinet, 
1867-8. 

Cabinet Minister in Lord 

John Russell's 
Government, 1S46-52. 



Prime Minister, 1855-7 



Viscount Palmerstown, 
K.G., a resident Irish 
landowner having pro- 
perty in Dublin and 
iSligo, where his family 
had been seated for 
ten centuries. 

In Cabinet as First Lord 
Mr. LowTy Corry, ( of the Admiralty in Lord 

M.P. for Tyrone. ( Derby's Government, 
) 1866-8. 

Lord Ashbourne l ^" \°'^ SaUsbuiy's 

J Cabinet 1886-92. 

Irishmen not in Cabinet, although holding respon- 
sible positions, can be cited as follows : — 

) Postmaster General Mr. 

\ 



Lord Emiy. 



Sir Henry Parnell, M.P., 

Queen's Co. 

Right Hon. David 

Plunkett. M.P. 

The followin 



Gladstone's First 
Government. 
Secretary of War under 
i Lord Melbourne 1835-41. 
\ Commissioner of Uorlcs, 
j 1836-92. 

gentlemen may be questioned as 



Irishmen proper, probably on account of English 
birth, although practically Irish by connection and 
property. 



Mr. Chichester Fortescue 

(now Lord Carlingford), 

M.P. for Louth. 

Lord Geo. Hamilton, 

M.P., of Barronscourt, 

Co. TjTone. 



Twice Chief Secretary in 
Mr. Gladstone's Ad- 
ministration. (Cabinet 
Minister.) 

First Lord of the Admir- 
alty Lord Salisbur}''s two 
administrations. (Cabi- 
net Minister). 



ARCHBISHOP WALSH AND 
FREEMASONS. 



In Archbishop Walsh's Lenten Pastoral, read in 
all churches of his diocese on Sunday, 12th 
February, No. 14 paragraph points out : — 

As Secret Societies are most detrimental to public 
order, as Well as to the interests of religion, the Roman 
Tonuffs, lienedict XIV., Pius VII., Leo XII.. 
Pius IX., our present Holy Father, Leo XI I L, and 
others, have pronounced sentence of excommunication 
against their members, and against all who in any way 
promote the interests of those unholy org<inisations. 
Hence, Catholics becoming Freemasons, Ribbonmen. 
Fenians, or members of any similar Secret Society, or 
taking part in their meedngs, balls, &c., incur the 
censures of the Church. — Freeman's Journal, 13th 
February, 1893. 



NOTES FROM IRELAND. 



THE HOME RULE BILL. 



THE BILLS : 1886-1893. 



Some Points of Difference and Similarity. 

The following are some of the leading points of 
contact and divergence in the two measures. We 
exclude the financial clauser,, which are dealt with 
elsewhere : — 



OLD BILL. 



NEW BILL. 



Reserved by a clause 
in the body of the Act. 



Imperial Control. 

Sovereignty of Imperial 
Parliament expressly de- 
clared in Preamble. 



Vested in Crown ; by 
whose advice exercised not 
destined. 



The 
Appointed as at Present. 



Veto Power. 

Vested in Lord Lieu- 
tenant, on advice of In's/i 
Ministry ; except on " par- 
ticular occasions," when 
vested in Crown, with 
a.dv\ceo{ English Ministry. 

Viceroy. 



Appointed for six years 
certain. 



The Judicature. 



Judges removable on Judges not removable, 
address of both Orders of 
Irish Legislature. 

Constabulary 
Police to pass under 
Irish local control after a 
certain interval. Con- 
stabulary to remain under 
control of Viceroy, but 
eventually to be dis- 
banded. 

Irish Legislature. 



and Police. 

Constabulary to be 
transferred to Irish author- 
ities after a certain period. 



Two " Orders : " first 
Order, 28 Peers and 75 
elective members, with 
high property qualifica- 
tion ; second Order, 204 
elective members chosen 
by existing constituencies. 



Two Chambers : i. 
Legislative Council of 48, 
to be elected by voters 
having ^20 annual quali- 
fication. 2. Legislative 
Assembly of 103 members, 
chosen by present Irish 
constituencies. 



Deadlock Provisions. 



In case of disagreement 
the two Houses may vote 
as one body. 



Practically the same. 



Supreme Courts of Appeal. 



The appellate jurisdic- 
tion of the House of Lords 
preserved, except in Con- 
stitutional cases, where 
appeal lies to Judicial 
Committee of Privy Coun- 
cil. 



Appellate jurisdiction of 
House of Lords abolished. 
Appeal in Constitutional 
cases to Judicial Com- 
mittee of Privy Council, 
on initiative of Viceroy or 
(?) Chief Secretary. 



Irish Representatives at WestiMInster. 
Abolished. Eighty Irish members 

to be elected to Im- 
perial ParUament, with 
power to speak and 
vote only on Imperial 
and Irish questions. 

Reserved Powers. 



Irish Legislature not to 
deal with royal prerogative, 
peace or war, army, navy, 
foreign affairs, treaties, dig- 
nities and titles, international 
law, treason, postal service, 
coinage, weights and mea- 
sures, marriage laws, copy- 
right, patents, and endow- 
ment of religion, and de- 
nominational education. 



Apparently the same. 



Customs and Excise. 



Roth to be levied and 
collected by Imperial 
authorities. 



Customs to be levied 
and collected by Imperial 
authorities ; E.xcise by 
Irish. 
Mr. Gladstone again laid down the five conditions 
under which alone, he says, Irish legislative independ- 
ence can be accepted. They are not very different 
from those which we have said might reconcile some 
Englishmen to such a project. Examine the New 
Bill, says the /ames' Gazette, under these heads, and 
it is as bad as the old in every particular and worse in 
several. Here are the points -.-^ 

1. Finality. Not secured, because the Land 
settlement is left open for an Imperial Parliament, 
permanently infested by eighty Irish members to deal 
with. 

2. Supremacy of Imperial Parliament. Not secured, 
since Parliament will have no effective control over the 
Irish Executive. 

3. Independence of Irish Legislature. Not secured 
either, because its Acts may be vetoed, on certain 
occasions, by the Crown acting on the advice of Min- 
isters not responsible to the Irish Parliament. 

4. Royal Veto. This, as in the former Bill, is either 
a sham or an invasion of constitutional tradition and 
practice. ^ 

5. Irish Members at Westminster. The Irish are 
to be retained at Westminster ; and thus a perpetual 
Irish question will be kept up in the Imperial Parlia- 
ment, and (see Mr. Gladstone's speech) all stabiKty 
will be taken from English politics by the liability of 
the Ministry representing the English majority to be 
outvoted by the weight of eighty Irish members thrown 
on the side of the Opposition. Thus a Ministry might 
have a majority on Imperial, and a minority on British 
questions. Moreover, it passes the wit of man to 
separate the two. 

6. Financial Proposals. There is rather less security 
than before (since there is no Receiver-General to 
collect the Irish -'tribute") that Ireland will take her 
fair share of Imperial burdens, or that her contribution 
will be regularly paid. 

7 . The Protection of Minorities. This is not secured 
at all. There is a Legislative Council of forty-eight, 



NOTES FR03I IBELAKB. 



% 



but it can always be outvoted in a convention of the 
two Houses. Moreover, the Council will only represent 
voters having a certain small property qualification 
(;^20 annual valuation;, and will not necessarily be 
representative of the poHtical or religious minority. It 
does not follow that a Protestant and a Loyalist is 
invariably a man with a twenty-pound qualification. 

The Financial Aspect. 
Mr. Gladstone stated (i) that on an Imperial expen- 
diture of ^59,000,000 Ireland's contribution of 
;^2, 370,000 "was very nearly the right amount;" 
(2) that supposing Ireland was allowed the excise, 
stamp, income-tax, excise licences, postal revenues, and 
Crown land revenues, her total revenue would be 
^5,660,000 ; (3) that supposing Ireland undertook to 
pay the charges of civil government, including " her 
proportion " of the cost of the constabulary, her expen- 
diture would be ^5,160,000; and (4) that Ireland 
would therefore be left a clear surplus of half a million 
sterling. The Irish Budget, as ^Ir. Gladstone puts it, 
would be something like this : — 



Revenue 
From Customs ... 
Less Collection Cos'., 



Income-tax .excise, postal, 
etc., receipts 

Imperial contributioa to 
support of Irish Con- 
stabiilar>' 



Contribution to Imperial 
expenses £. 

Collection of Revenue ... 

Postal Services 

I rish Constabulary- charges 

Other A ■ ■ ■ 
Charges. 

Surplus Ke' 



Mr. Gladstone put the Imperial expenditure down at 
_jr5g,ooo,ooo. He will doubtless be able to substan- 
tiate his figures from e.xtraordinary sources of informa- 
tion, but from those in the ordinary statistical returns 
open to all, anyone may see that the expenditure 
classed as Imperial for the complete year 1 890-1 
amounted to ^,62,724,000. But even allowing that 
the Imperial expenditure was only of the sum at which 
he put it, we have Mr. Gladstone calmly declaring that 
Ireland's contribution of^2, 370,000 to this expendi- 
ture "was very nearly the right amount,"' I'o be 
matter of fact, and a little less vague, the proportion is 
4'o2 per cent., or not much more than one-twenty-fifth. 
Now, taking the average assessments for death duties 
for the years from 1886 to 1891 — upon which the 
wealth of the three divisions of the still United King- 
dom may be justly, and is usually calculated — we find 
that Ireland's share is as i to 17 or iS. This latter 
rate — i to 18 — would be a Hberal proportion at which 
to fix Ireland's contributions to the Imperial e.xpendi- 
ture. Should objection be raised to this method of 
assessing Ireland's share, however, we appeal to a high 
authority on the subject — to no less an authority, in 
fact, than Mr. Gladstone himself. Xone of us have 
been permitted to forget the last Home Rule measure, 
so that we remember that the proportion fixed by Mr. 
Gladstone in that measure was one-eighteenth. Con- 
sidering the material progress Ireland made under the 
Conservative administration, and the prosperity 
she is to enjoy under Home Rule, it will pass 
the wit of most financiers to understand why the 
liberal proportion of one-eighteentti should now 
be superseded, at the expense of the British tax- 
payer, by the proportion of one-twenty-fifth. Mr. 
Gladstone said that if Ireland was allowed the items 
mentioned above — that is, everything except 



customs revenue, including even the Crown Lands 
revenue, her total receipts would be ^5,660,000, and 
(always providing the British taxp ayer helped her to 
pay, to the extent of half a million sterling, for the 
maintenance of her constabulary) her expenditure 
would be 5,160,000. The statistics prepared by the 
Treasury last year to show the contributions to the 
Imperial Exchequer by, and the expenses of, each 
division of the United Kingdom in 1890-1, give the 
following results in the case of Ireland : — 



Revf 


nue contributed 





Expenditu 


e from Ex- 


Ex 


chequer 


£7,69-„ooD 


chequer 


n Services £5,398.000 


Keve 


nue cox-tributed 




Expendilur 


e on Local 


1/ 


cal Governme-ilSe 


3.100. 


Taxation 

Balance av 

tribaiion 

Charges 


Account ... 326.000 
ailableforcon- 
to Imperial 

... 2,282.000 



Thus even if we take Mr. Gladstone's figure of 
;^59,ooo,ooo, as representing the Imperial expendi- 
ture, and even if we take Mr. Gladstone's one-twenty- 
fifth as representing Ireland's fair contribution to that 
e.xpenditure, it is clear that Ireland would only just be 
able to pay her way. The results which would accrue 
from, say, a short series of potato famines, are obvious — 
and there would be nothing to spend on light railways. 
— Pall Mall Gazette, 14th February, 1893. 



POLICE PROTECTION AND CIVIL 
BILL DECREES. 



Colonel Turner, C.B., late Divisional Com- 
missioner, writes to the Times as under : — 

Mr. Morley has stated in the House of Commons 
that in over 700 cases of seizures by sheriffs in Ireland 
at night under civil bill decrees, protection by police 
was afforded by the late Government in contravention 
of the law. Among other counties in which he alleges 
that these illegal acts were committed, he specifies 
those of Cork, Kerry, and Limerick. 

The law on the subject is clear enough : it states 
that " under civil decrees the property of defendants 
cannot be taken and carried away before sunrise or 
after sunset," while, on the other hand, seizures under 
superior court writs can be made at any hour by day 
or night. 

As the official who for some years was intrusted by 
the late Government with the duty of dispensing police 
protection to sheriffs and others in a large portion of 
Munster, including the above counties, I feel bound in 
justice to the sheriffs of those counties and to myself 
to state that Mr. Morley has been entirely misinformed, 
as no protection was ever given by me to, or asked for by, 
sheriffs for the purpose named, nor were such seizures 
made by the sheriffs in question outside the hours 
made legal by statute. — Times, 14th February, 1893. 



6^ 



KOTES FBOM IRELAyb. 



IRELAND UNDER MR. MORLEY. 



'^THE L'NHAPPY DOCTRINAIRE IMMERSED 
IN THE INTRICACIES OF PRACTICE." 



Moonlighting Money Raid. — On Monday and 
Tuesday nights, 6th and ytli February, a number of 
men who were disguised with masks and sackcloth over 
their clothes visited the houses of several farmers in 
the district between Tralee and the Spa and demanded 
money. In most instances they were successful. The 
gang also surrounded the car on which a Roman 
Catholic clergyman was driving to visit a sick lady, b it 
when they found who their prisoner was they ran off. 



MR. ASQUITH AND AMNESTY. 



Ix his speech on Mr. John Redmond'.s amend- 
ment to the Address, praying for the release of 
the dynamite and other convicts, the Home 
Secretary (Mr. Asquith), .said : — 

The amendment covered the cases of all these 
prisoners under the Treason-Felony Act who were now 
in prison. These prisoners were fourteen in number, 
but the hon. member had not given the name of any 
other than Daly ; and he was positively asking the 
House to upset the courts of law and of successive 
Secretaries of Stale in thirteen cases without so much 
as knowing the names of the prisoners concerned. A 
more preposterous demand had ne>er been made in 
the House of Commons. (Ministerial cheers.) . . . 
He would challenge hon. members who would follow 
him to say whether they questioned the justice of these 
convictions, whether they thought these men were 
innocent or guilty. (Cheers.) 

JOHN DALY. 
He had approached the consideration of Daly's case 
with a perfectly open mind, had never been concerned 
in any of the proceedings about him, and had not 
spoken or voted when the case was brought up in the 
House more than a year ago. . . . Tiie informa- 
tion at his (Mr. Asquith's), disposal convinced him that 
Daly was supported during the whole of his residence 
in this country by funds sent to him from America, that 
the bombs in his possession came from America, that 
the nitro-glycerine deposited in Egan's garden came 
from America, and that more than six months before he 
was arrested he was in communication with friends in 
America as to bombs to be sent to him, and was in- 
formed that they had been sent. . . . There was 
abundant and ovenvhelming evidence to justify the 
finding of the jury that this man was, in the language 
of their law, engaged in levying war upon the Queen by 
means of these infernal and explosive devices. 

WHAT IS A POLITICAL PRISONER? 

Before he sat down he must deal with the allegation 
that because these were political prisoners, convicted of 



political offences, some different measure of justice and 
consideration ought to be meted out to them from that 
meted out to ordinary criminals. . . . Take the 
case of the Phicnix Park murderers. If there ever was 
a crime in the history of this country which was com- 
mitted from a political motive, it was that. Were the 
Phoenix Park murderers to be regarded as political 
prisoners ? Was their crime to be treated as a ])olitical 
offence? Were those of them whose lives had been 
spared to be dealt with on any different footing, or 
treated with greater indulgence, than an ordinary mur- 
derer who found himself, like an ordin.ary prisoner, in 
gaol ? . . . Hut tlie Government had a duty to 
discharge wiiich tliey were determined to discharge at 
whatever cost. (Cheers.) For his part, he desired to 
say, both with reference to the past and to the future, 
that persons who resorted to this mode of warfare 
against society, who used terror as their instrument, 
and who proceeded in their methods with a reckless 
disregard for the lives and safety of the weak, the 
innocent, and the helpless, were persons who demanded, 
and should receive, no consideration or indulgence 
from any British Government. (Loud cheers.) — Uai/y 
Nni's, loth February, 1S93. 

The Mr. Asquith, as Minister of the Crowr, 
can hardly be recognised as the Mr. Asquith, 
politician of five yeais ago. On March 24th, 
1888, at a meeting of the Huddcrsfield Liberal 
Association, with the late Mr. VV. Summers, M.P., 
in the chair, Mr. .Asquith and Mr. T. D. Sullivan 
attended as special speakers. In the printed 
programme, signed by the secretary of the asso- 
ciation, appeared iu c.xteiiso Mr. T. D. Sullivan's 
song, " God Save Ireland." This song was sung 
by the whole meeting standing, Mr. Asquith in- 
cluded — a compliment paid to no other .song. 
Mr. Blight, in drawing attention to the incident 
at the time, pointed out that this song, " God 
Save Ireland," rendered under the personal 
patronage of the present Home Secretary, " is a 
song written obviously to glorify the men guilty 
of the Fenian outrage and murder committed in 
Manchester on i8th September, 1867." AJr. 
Bright continued, " are they," Mr. Asquith and 
Mr. Summers, "prepared to glorify the actors in 
the Fenian outrage of 1867?" After Mr. 
Asquith's statement in the House of Commons, 
his answer can be readily inferred. It is a pity 
he did not make a similar pronouncement five 
years ago. 

PARNELLITE REPLY TO MR. ASQUITH. 

Mr. Asquith is evidently anxious to establish a re- 
putation for firmness. He does not wish to be classed 
as a minister who could exliibit the weakness of 
clemency. It is a dangerous ambition for any states- 
man to cherish too priggishly, and the present Home 
Secretary would do well to remember the fate of 
stronger men than himself — men like the late Mr. 
Korster — who plun:cd themselves on scouting Irish 
sentiment, and for whom Irish sentiment invariably 
proved too strong in the long run. — Dublin Evening 
Herald, loth February, 1893. 



NOTES FROM IRELAND. 



.63 



A DIURNAL 

OP EVENTS RELATING TO IRELAND. 



February 7. — In the House of Com- 
mons, in reply to Mr. W. Kenny, Q.C., 
the Secretary of State for the Home 
Department said — there was not, and 
had never been, any intention to interfere 
with the case of the convict Daly until 
the normal operation of the sentence. 
The adjourned Debate on the .\ddress 
was resumed by Mr. T. W. Russell on 
Mr. Wharton's amendment relative to 
agricultural depression, the hon. member 
asking for an enactment dealing with the 
revision of judicial rents in view of the 
agricultural depression existing in Ire- 
land. Mr. Morley, in replying to Mr. 
Russell, denied the existence of any such 
depression in Irish agriculture as to 
justify the demand of Mr. Russell. On 
the division 232 voted for the amend- 
ment, and 272 against: majority, 40. 
The Redmondite Party did not vote. 

8. — Lord Cranbourne elected for Ro- 
chester without opposition. The polling 
at previous elections was as follows : — 

1885. 1886. 

Hughes Hallett (C) 1677 Hughes Hallett(C) 1600 
Edwards (L) 1386 BeUey (L)i3S3 

Conservative maj. 241 Conservative maj. 247 

1889. 1892. 

Bye-Election. 
Knatchbull-Hugessen DavieS (C) 2119 

(L) 1635 

Davies (C) ls8o Maddison (L) 1712 

Liberal majority 75 Conservative maj. 407 

— Mr. Michael Davitt elected for 
North-East Cork without opposition. 
In all previous elections since 1S85 
Nationalists were returned unopposed. 

— Announcement made in City Com- 
mission Court that instructions had been 
received from the Attorney-General not 
to send up any bill against .Mr. Pierce 
Mahony for his assault upon Mr. M. 
Kenny, M.P. 

— Mr. John M'Carthy (M'Carthyite), 
Member for Mid-Tipperary, died at his 
residence, Roscrea. 

— Mr. Jesse Collings moved an amend- 
ment to the Address, regretting that no 
measures were announced for the relief 
of the agricultural labouring classes. 
The amendment went on to urge that 
mea-ures for the amelioration of their 
condition should be at once adopted, as 
such measures were more pressing and of 
more vital importance than any legisla- 
tion having for its object con-titutional 
changes in the Government of Ireland. 

Mr. Gladstone said- for the first time, 
in his experience, the debate had been 
marked by what practically am unted 
to votes of censure upon ihe Govern- 
ment. There were no less than six 
amendments to the Address, every one 
of which commenced with an expression 
of regret. He would have the House to 
understand that an expression of regret 
by the House was practicahy the censure 
01 the House. 

Mr. Chamberlain said the question 
was not of forcing upon the Government 



something in addition to their enormous 
programme, but of the order in which 
measures were to be produced. The 
labourer was put after Home Rule and 
the Disestablishment of the Church in 
two parts of the Kingdom. On the 
division there voted — for the amendment, 
228 ; against, 312 ; majority, 84. 

9. — Mr. Louis Jennings, Conservative 
.Member for Stockport, died at his resi- 
dence in London. 

— Mr. W. Rawson Shaw (Liberal), son 
of the late member, returned for Halifax. 
Result of polling — Shaw (L). 4617; 
Arnold (C), 4249 ; Lister (Labour), 3028. 
The polling at previous elections was as 
follows : — 

iSS^;. 1SS6. 

Shaw (L) 6269 Shaw (L) 5127 

Stan-.ficld (L) 6351 Stansfield (L) 5581 
Morris (C) 3988 Hlorris (■.) 3612 

Liberal majority Liberal majority 

'Ioms)iSi5 



(SI, 



is)228i (Sha 
1892. 

Shaw (L) 6581 

Stansfield (L) 6461 

Arnold _ (C) 4663 

Liberal majority — 

(Shaw over Arnold) 197S 

— Sir Arthur Hayter (Liberal), re- 
turned for Walsall. Majority, 79. The 
polling at previous elections was as fol- 
lows : — 

iSSs. 1886. 

Forster (L) 5112 Forster (L) unopposed. 

James (C) 343.S 

Liberal majority 1677 



Eye-Election. 
Holden (L) 4899 James (C) 5226 

James (C) 4361 Holden (L) 4909 

Liberal majority 538 Conservative maj. 317 

— In the House of Commons Mr. 
John Redmond moved an amendment to 
the Address, representing " that the time 
had come when the cases of all prisoners 
convicted under the Treason-Felony Act, 
who were, and had been undergoing pun- 
ishment for offences arising out of insur- 
rectionary movements connected with 
Ireland, might be advantageously recon- 
sidered." The declarations from the 
Treasury Bench within the last few days, 
he said, had been received by large 
masses of the Irish people, not only with 
regret and dissatisfaction, but with the 
keenest sense of disappointment, espe- 
cially as an answer to the Member for 
Longford had certainly held the word of 
promise to the ear. The answer given 
by the present Prime Minister, if it had 
stood alone, might possibly have been 
capable of more than one interpretation. 
The Member for East Mayo had said — 
" We did not vote blindly for the Liberal 
Party. We have made agreements, 
which, if carried out, will satisfy the 
people of this country " That passage 
justified his statement that the declara- 
tions from the Treasury Bench had been 
received with the keenest public sense of 
disappointment within the last lew days 
by the large mass of the Irish people. 
He appealed to the Irish Secretary to 



send to Ireland a message of conciliatioil 
and hope by the release of these unfor- 
tunate men. Mr. Asquith (Home Secre- 
tary) said — By whomsoever entertained, 
the apprehension that this amendment 
would embarrass the Government was ill- 
founded. He reviewed the evidence 
against the fourteen prisoners convicted 
under the Treason- Felony Act, and said 
so long as he had the responsibility of 
the exercise of clemency there is not one 
of the prisoners so convicted whose sen- 
tences will be interfered with. He would 
be glad of Mr. Redmond's definition of 
what political prisoners were. It is not 
to the motive, but to the method we were 
to look in such cases. With reference 
to the past, as with reference to the 
future, persons who resort to this mode 
of warfare shall receive no consideration 
from the present, nor, he should think, 
any British Government Mr. Justin 
M'Carthy thought the moment was not 
opportune for bringing forward the 
motion. A certain wave of dynamite 
crime had lately passed over Europe, 
and possibly some of its symptoms were 
lately apparent in Ireland, though he 
was not entitled to infer that the recent 
Dublin outrage was the effect of political 
conspiracy or crime. Though inoppor- 
tune, his party would support the motion. 
Mr. Balfour regretted that the Home 
Secretary had not given his services 
during the last five or six years to the 
cause with which he evidently had 
sympathy — the cause of law and order 
in Ireland. Mr. T. M. Healy thought a 
favourable moment had not been selected 
for bringing forward the motion, but it 
was absurd to tell them at this date of 
the 19th century that these men will be 
allowed to remain in prison for the term 
of their natural lives. Colonel Saunder- 
son said the Home Secretary said these 
prisoners were not political ofienders. 
The Nationalist Members said they were. 
In his opinion they were right, for dyna- 
mite had always been a part of Nation- 
alist politics. On a division there voted 
— for the motion, 8i ; against, 397 ; 
majority, 316. 

10.— In the House of Commons Mr. 
Ross, Q.C., moved, as an amendment to 
the Address, " That the House deeply 
regrets that your Majesty has been 
advised to extend the clemency of the 
Crown to VVm. Coll, Patrick Roarty, 
Dominic Rodgers, and Connell Magee, 
who were duly convicted of the man- 
slaughter of District-Inspector Martin." 
Mr. T. \\. Russell said that the release 
of the Gweedore prisoners was a pay- 
ment of blackmail by the Government for 
the support of the party opposite. By 
the course taken in this instance the 
Province of Ulster had been outraged in 
a manner in which the Government 
would not venture to outrage England. 
Mr. Morley said the argument he 
addressed to the House w-as that the 
remission or reduction of sentences 
depended on the state of the country, 
and a judge could not be so well qualified 
to form an opinion upon that point as 



64 



nOTES FB031 IttELANty. 



the Executive Government. The release 
of the prisoners was a most merciful and 
politic act — politic, not in the interests 
of party, but in the highest and widest 
sense ot the word. Mr. Balfour thought 
when Mr. Morley was reduced to base 
his action upon the supposed innocence 
of men who pleaded guilty, no further 
argument was necessary. He therefore 
advised that the amendment should be 
withdrawn. 

— Mr. Arnold Forster proposed to 
add to the Address the following 
words : —Humbly to represent to your 
Majesty that this House has learned 
with great regret that a vast amount of 
clerical influence was exercised, so as to 
intimidate voters during the late elec- 
tions in Meath, and that in the opinion 
of this House measures should be taken 
to prevent any repetition of the exercise 
of such intimidations. He said the re- 
ports of the election judges had placed it 
beyond dispute that clerical intimidation 
had been exercised at the late elections, 
and that voters had been intimidated, 
and had been prevented from the free 
exercise of the franchise. The priests 
had not only violated decency but the 
law of England. These practices had 
been persisted in, not as individuals, but 
as a system authorised and encouraged 
by authority. The Hon. Horace Plunket 
(in seconding the amendment) said the 
action of the clergy in Meath had made 
Home Rule morally impossible. Mr. 
Justin M'Carthy thought no Act of 
Parliament could ever interfere with 
the influence of the Irish priest. He 
hoped it would ever continue, and those 
who acted with him were determined 
that no intimidation, whether spiritual 
or temporal, should exist which would 
interfere with the right ot the Irish 
people to vote according to their con 
sciences. Mr. T. Harrington said he 
would take the opportunity of warning 
Liberals that nothing could be moie 
dangerous to them in the future govern- 
ment of Ireland than that they should in 
any way give encouragement to the 
same means employed to work out poll 
tical ends as had happentd in the Meath 
contests. On the division there voted- 
for the amendment, 205 ; against, 248 
majority, 43. The Redmonaites did not 
vote. 

13. — In the House of Commons, before a 
crowded and excited House, Mr. Gladstone 
introduced his Home Rule Bill. His 
statement was a very long one, and touched 
on nine questions— (i). The Supremacy of 
the Imperial Parliament ; (2). The Veto ; 
(3). The Constitution and Powers of the 
Jnsh Legislature; (4). The Irish Execu- 
tive; (5). The Land; (6). The Judges; 
(7). The Police; (8). The Representation 
of Ireland at Westminster ; and (9). The 
Financial Relations of the two Countries. 
The preamble of the Bill asserts the 
supremacy of the Imperial Parliament ; 
the Lord Lieutenant to exercise the Veto, 
on the a.lvice of his Irish ministers ; the 
Irish Parliament to consist of two Houses, 
a Legislative Council and a Legislative 
Assembly : a Council elected for § years, 
. consisting of 48 members, returned by 
; electors po.-ses,ing a valiiaiion of /20 
' each ; anu an Assembly to be elected for 
■ 5 years-, consisting of 103 members, elected 
as the present representatives at West- 



minster a'e. This patliament, practically, 
to have power to deal with everything 
except those matters reserved to the 
Imperial P.irliament by the Bill of 1SS6. 
The Land Question is reserved for three 
years. The appointment of the judges to 
Ce retained by ilie Imperial Power lor six 
years. The Irish Executive gradually to 
constitute a local police lorce no dehnite 
time stated. The existing police to re- 
main under Imperial conirnl. It is pro- 
posed that the Irish representation at 
Westminster should continue, but be re- 
duced to So, and that they should only 
vote on Imperial matters. The pniposeti 
financial settlement is — that Ireland shall 
contribute ;f 2, 370,000 a year to the Im- 
perial Treasury, and that her Customs 
Revenue will be colloted and transmitted 
to the Imperial Treasury. The Irish Ex- 
ecutive would consist of the Viceroy, 
appointed for a statutory term, subject to 
removal by the Crown (religious disabilities 
being removed), assisted by an Irish Privy 
Council as his Cabinet. Mr. Sexton, 
speaking for his Party, accepted the Bill, 
and considered it a belter one than that ot 
ii)S6. He said, if after the Home Rule 
Bdl was passed, it should be fou d that 
Parliament vexatiously interfered wiih the 
duties of the Irish Parliament, or that 
British ministers were suspected of at- 
tempting to use the Veto of the Crown 
against the just rights of the Irish Legis- 
lature, then the position in which Ireland 
would stand of having a legislature in 
Ireland and a representation in this 
House would stand her in good stead. 
Colonel Saunderson said the Prime 
Minister seemed to be inspired by the 
same remorseless desire as in 1SS6 to cul- 
minate a great career by the ruin of his 
country. The only proteclion the Loyalists 
would have under the Bill would be 
br. athing time. How did the Government 
propose 10 obtain any guarantee of finality 
from any statesman or parly rtaUy repre- 
seniing the people of Ireland ? The Bill 
would leceive from the Irish Unionists the 
most uncompromising resistance, because 
they believed it would be destructive to the 
liberty and prosperity of Ireland. 

14.— The adjourned debate on the intro- 
ductiun of the Home Rule Bill was re- 
sumed by Mr. A. J. Balfour, who saic*, 
before asking whether the measure is gcou 
or bad, they had a right to put the inquiry, 
why any Edl, good or bad, ia required ou 
this subject ai all ? The right hon. gen- 
tleman (Air. Gladstone) had addressed him- 
self to this question on two famous occa- 
sions. In 1886 the wkole stress of his 
argument on this point was laid upon 
the absence of social order in Ireland. 
Seven years had elapsed, and there is no 
drastic Coercion Act at this moment in 
operation in Ireland. He, therelure, can- 
not again put before the country the 
alternative he then presented to its notice, 
that a choice has to be made between 
Home Rule and the consiant operation of 
drastic coercion. The condition of the 
agrarian question is ihe real difficulty in the 
way of social order in Ireland. The Prime 
Minister cannot expect to get out of that 
difficulty by the action of an Irish Parlia- 
ment, unless he is prepared to Sce it settled 
by the destruction of the unpopular 
minority who happen to be conceineo 111 
the possession of land. He founded his 
recommendation for the establishment 



of Home Rule upon the majorities returned 
in Ireland in favour of that measure. By 
what right did he cut off Ireland from the 
rest of the United Kir.gdom and say "the 
majority in this arbitrarily elected area 
wants Home Rule?" When Ulster de- 
clares with unanimous vote its aversion 
and abhorrence of the measure, then only 
majorities don't count. Mr. Balfour then 
reviewed the gross injustice proposed to be 
perpetrated on the Coustabulary aud Civil 
Servants, and said in 1SS6 the Prime 
Minister said it was a matter of honour to 
fettle the land question before giving Home 
Rule, and a matter of duty to see mat the 
Cjnstabuhry were not compelled to change 
their masters, but honour had gone by the 
board. The mam object in constituting 
the Legislative council is — that it is to pro- 
tect the minority; it will ba but a feeble 
and precarious barrier, and will be unable 
to put the bit in the mouth of the Legisla- 
tive assembly. What are the profits to all 
concerned of what he called Speculative 
Constitution ? The landlords at all events 
cannot see in the prospect anything else 
than a certainty of illimitable plundt r. The 
Civil Servauts are not likely to approve o( it. 
How about the disloyal portion? They 
have never hesitated to tell us what thty 
desire. Even up to the last few- months they 
have stated they wish to see Ireland a 
nation among tbe nations ol the world. 
Why has seven years careful meditation 
ended in producing this strange abortion 
of a measure ? Because it was an impos- 
sible task to attempt. Uo not let us, in 
the United Kingdom itself, try to bring 
about a state of things which is productive 
ot weakness in every country in which it 
has been tried. Ireland was in a process 
of being united to Great Britain more 
closely in natural bonds of aflfection than 
ever, when the land agitation began in 
1879, under the guidance of an able poli- 
tician, postponed for a generation, perhaps 
far longer, the full consummation of our 
wishes. But though the harm then done, 
and the harm Mr. Gladstone has done by 
his proposals cannot be exaggerated, our 
children and grandchildren will feel the 
effects of the revolution in Ireland, and the 
betrayal in Eigland. Yet we have it in 
our power to say — the Parliament of this 
country — that this process shall no further 
go, that we at least will, in our free con- 
seijt, put an end to this project, so im- 
possible of execution in its detads, 
and worse in general principles. Mr. 
J. Redmond said it was impossible to ex- 
press any final or decisive judgment on 
the Bill, it would never do to form a rash 
judgment of a bill of its complexity and 
importance until they had it in print in 
their hands. He was not one of those 
who talk of the finality of measures or 
resolutions passed by this House, as Air. 
Parnell said you cannot set limits to the 
onward march of a nation. In his^ opinion 
the Bill might be so moulded as to become 
the basis of a settlement which if not final 
in its present shape, would ho:d out the 
hope that the more acute phases of Irish 
misgovernment might immediately dis- 
appear. Mr. T. \V. Russell said the 
people of Ulster had a fixed determination 
to resist this Bill, which would subject 
Ireland to the domination of the Roman 
Catholic Church, and was entirely want- 
ing in that protection for minorities and 
for the sanctity of contracts that was 
given by the American Constitution. 



KOTES FROM lUELAXD. 



BLUE BOOKS AND PARLIAMENTARY PAPERS. 

Report of the Comptroller and Auditor- 
General upon the Account of the Irish 
Land Commission. [24 ] Price 2d. 



The following are extracts from the Auditor- 
General's Report : — 

REPORT OF THE COMPTROLLER AND 
AUDITOR-GENERAL. 

1. With regard to the Advances by the Land Com- 
mission under the Purchase of Land Acts, of 1805 and 
1 888, I have to report as follows. The total amount ad- 
vanced under the Purchase of Land (Ireland) Acts, 18S5 
and iSSS, from the commencement of the Act of 18S5 up 
to the close of this account, was ^7,448,289. The amount 
applied for up to the 22nd August, 1892, when notice was 
given that no further application would be received, was 
i," 10,349, 53^ bsing £3\9,iii in e.xcess of ihe grant. 

2. During the year 10 holdings were =oia, subject to 
the payment of annuities, on account of default m re- 
payments due from borrowers, and fifteen estates were 
purchased for re-sale to tenants. 

3. In my Report on the Account of the Land Commis- 
sion for 1S88-9 (paragraph 6), attention was called to the 
arrears due in respect of a loan of i^2,Zoo made by the 
Irish Land Commission to the " Irish Land Purchase and 
Settlement Company, Limited,'" under the provisions of 
the Tramways and Public Companies (Ireland) Act, 1883, 
and to the question of the sufficiency of the security 
accepted by the Land Commission for the repayment ot 
the advance. 

It now appears, from the reply to a letter from my De- 
partment of the 13th August last, that an Order of the 
High Court of Justice in Ireland for the winding-up of 
the Company was made on the i«th July, 1S92, on the 
petition of the Land Commission. The petition sets forth 
that of the nominal capital of the Company, viz., i;25o,ooo, 
only £4,669 5s. was paid up, and that the security 
held by the Land Commission is totally insufficient 
to meet the balance of £38,000 due on foot of the 
mortgage debt of £42,300. As it is evident, therefore, 
that a considerable loss must fall on public funds, 
I deem it my duty again to call attention to the 
matter, more especially in view of the terms of Section 13 
of the Tramways and Public Companies (Ireland) Act 
1883, under which the responsibility is laid on the Land 
Commission of satisfying itself with regard to the con- 
stitution of any public company to which an advance is 
made, and of approving of the security and expediency of 
the purchase. 

STATE.VIENT of Amount of Guaranteed Land Stock 
created and issued. 



Amount of Guaranteed Land Stock created to 31st March, 18.32 
Amount Issued and Inscribed to 31st March, 1892 

Balance unissued ... 



COLLECTION STATEMENT 



REPAY^tENT OF ADVANCES. — Terminable Annuities, 
including Interest, under the Land Law (Ireland; 
Act, iSSi,the Tramways and Public Companies 
(Ireland) Act, 1SS3, and the Purchase of Land 
(Ireland) Act, 1885. 



Fo 



Land LiW 
(Ireland) 
Act. 1S91 

Pur- 
chases by 
Tenants 
from fcheiv 
Landlord-- 
(2 tth and 
35th Sec- 
tions) 



(26'.h Sec 
lion) 

For -Pur- 
chases by 
Persons 
oi her than 
Occupying 
Tenants 
(27tli Sec. 
lion) 

In respect of 
Arrears of 
Rent (59th 
SectlOD) 



AN 



Arrears 

due 
1st April 

1S91. 



Tramways 
Public 
Companies 
(Ireland) 
Act, 1SS3. 



For Pur- 
chase of 
Estates by 
Public 
Compiinies 
(l:jth See. 



PnRCHASE 

ov Land 
(Ireland) 
Act, 1S85. 



whole Puv 
chase Mon 
cy (2nd 

(loss Guar- 
antee De- 
posits in 
Cash) 

To Temnts, 
of three- 
fourths ot 
the Pur- 
ctiase Mon- 
ey for 49 
years (itli 
Section) ■ 

To Person? 
other than 
Occupying 



P a rchasr 
M o n e ^ 
(Tth Sec 
tion) - ■ 



242964 18 2 



13 

S788 



207 19 
263411 6 



Received 

(ride 

Account, 



265b74 3 8 



53 



NOTES FROM II! EL AX D. 



STATEMENT of Capital Balances in respect of 
Advar.ces made under the Land Law (Ireland) Act, 
1881, the Tramways and Public Companies (Ire- 
land) Act, 1883, and the Purchase of Land (Ire- 
land) Act, 1885. 



ADVAHCES. 



Land Law 

(iRELlNtl) 

Act, 1S81. 

For Pur' 
cliaspfl ]jv 
Ten;iiit 
from tlicir 
Landlord's 
(24th and 
35th See- 
tioDs) 

For Pnr- 
chases hv 
Tena 



(27th Sec 
tlon) 
In respect of 
Arrears ot 
Rent (fiflth 
Section) 

Tramways 

AND J'tlBLH 

Com PA NIKS 
(Irelanii) 
Act, 16S3. 

For Pur- 
chase of 
Estates bv 
Pnoli ^ 
Oompan 
ies (lath 
SectiouJ 

Pfrchask 
OF Land 
(Ieelabd) 
Act, 18S6. 

To Tenants, 
of thf 
whole Pur- 
chase 
M o n e J 
(2nd Sec 
tion) (less 
Guarantee 
Deposits 
in Cash) - 

To Tenants, 
of three- 
fonrths of 
the Piu-- 
chase 
Money toi 
49 year> 
(4th Sec- 
tion) 

To Persons 
other than 
Occupying 
Tenants, 
of one-half 
ottheP; 
c h a s 
Money 



Balances 
Outstanding 
1st April, '91 



S901320 7 10 



Year 
{vide 
Ac- 
count, 



Totals £6357625 8 81229442 7686967 8 863037 4 6'762.'i930 4 



206799 IS S 



THE STATE OP KERRY. 



In the House of Lords, on 14th February, Lord 
Londonderry asked her Majesty's Government 
whether their attention had been drawn to a 



paragrpph in llie Duhliti Daily Express of 
Thursday, 9th February, which, referring to 
" The State of Kerrj'," stated that — 

On Monday and Tuesday nights a number of men who 
were disguised with masks, and sackcloth over their 
clothes, visited the houses of several farmers in the dis- 
trict between Tralee and the Spa, and demanded money 
and arms. In most instances they were successful. The 
gang also surrouuded the car on which a clergyman was 
driving to visit a sick lady, but when they found who their 
prisoner was they ran off. 

Whctlier such paragraph was correct ; and, if 
so, wliether any person or persons have been 
made amenable for any or all of these outrages. 

Lord Acton in reply said — 

It is true that certain persons at the place and time 
specified did combine, did proceed from house to house, 
and did carry ofl'all the money they could obtain. These 
armed moonlighters, my lords, were children. They were 
keeping, according to local custom, a religious anniver- 
sary. (Cireat laughter.) Your lordships will remember, 
at least are aware, that the 5th of November is not kept 
m that part of thecouniry ; ar.d Guy Fawkes has dropped 
out of the calendar. On St. Bridget's Eve the children go 
about in this way, singing and dancing, and collecting cop- 
pers from the neighbours. Their weapon of offence, for 
they have a weapon of offence, is a broomstick, which is 
dressed up and decorated like a doll, and is technically 
known as a Biddy ; also that these children dress them- 
selves up in a masquerading costume, and that the whole 
story is a hoax. 

Far from treating the whole thing as a hoax, 
the facts deserve more serious consideration. 
From local inquiry we find that, under cover of 
" collecting for Biddy," an old custom in Kerry 
on St. Bridget's night, this was undoubtedly a 
moonlight raid for money. The party did not 
consist of children, as represented, except in the 
sense that Mr. John Morley described Mr. Henry 
Harrison, a giant of six foot, as " a stripling," 
but grown boys. In former years the "Biddy 
collectors " never disguised themselves ; this 
year they did. Heretofore the practice was 
only kept up for one night ; this time for Hvo 
ntghts. The parties visited several farmers and 
got money ; they were armed with pikes, which 
showed they were not on a very friendly mission. 
The clergyman that was surrounded was the 
Prior of the Dominican Order of Tralee, who was 
on his return from visiting the mother of a Mr. 
E. R. Murphy, who was sick. The priest was 
surrounded by these alleged children a short 
distance from Mr. Murphy's house, the party 
coming out from behind a ditch. They decamped 
on recognizing the priest. The clergyman 
evidently did not look upon this disguised party 
as the mere perpetrators of a silly hoax, as it 
immediately struck him that they were on the 
look-out for ]\Ir. Murphy, upon whom a very bad 
attack was made last year alter some poor-law 
elections. The priest hurried towards Tralee, 
and met Mr. Murphy, warning him of his danger, 
and accompanied him home, still apprehensive 
of Mr. Murphy. 

Published by the iRtsn U.xroNrsT Alliance, at their DobUn Offices, 109 
Grafton Street, and London Offices, 26 Palace Chambers, Westmioster, S.W. 



NOTES FROM IRELAND 



*^* A Record of the sayings and doings of the Home Rule Parties in the furtherance of their " Separatist" Policy 
for Ireland ; and of facts connected with the country. For the information of the Imperial Parliament, the Press, 

and the Public generally. 



No. 8.— Vol. 1.— New Series. 25th FEBRUARY, 1893. 



Price Id. 



® o n t c tt i a . page 

The Land Market — Irish Securities and Home Rule 

— A McCarthvite Manifesto ... ... ... 57 

Ireland under Mr. Morley ... ... ... 58 

Sheriff.s and Police Protection — A Meath Parxel- 

lite's Funeral ... ... ... ... 59 

Irish Parties under the Bill— Paid Patriots ... 60 

A Diurnal ... ... ... ... ... 61 

Mr. Harrington and the Evicted ... ... 62 

Mr. Gladstone's Facts — South Meath Election ... 63 

Mr. Davitt — Fruits of the Home Rule Bill ... 64 



INDEX TO VOLUME V. 

The Index to Volume V. (old series) of Notks 
FROM Ireland is now ready. Copies can be had 
on application to the Secretary of the Irish 
Unionist Alliance, 109 Grafton Street, Dublin, 
or 26 Palace Chambers, Westminster. 



THE LAND MARKET. 



Messrs. M'Cabe Auctioneers, sold by auction on 
Wednesday last, on the lands, for the tenant, .Mr. 
Charles Greaves Dawson, near Bandon, his interest in 
two farms. Lot i — Part of the lands of Farranivane, 
about 44 acres, judicial rent, ;^35 2s. 6d. ; Poor Law 
valuation, ^39. Lot 2 — Part of the lands of Rough- 
grove, containing about 25 acres; judicial rent, 
^12 15s.; Poor Law valuation, ;^i2 15s. There 
was a very large attendance, and keen competi- 
tion between Messrs. R. W. Sherlock, solicitor ; 
Buttimore, Russell, Shorten, and Sullivan. Mr. 
Shorten was declared purchaser of both lots at ^370, 
beside having to pay the accruing year's rent, due on 
25th pro.ximo, f^i^"] 17s. 6d., and auction fees. — Cork 
Constitution, iSth February, 1893. 

On Saturday last Mr. James M'Grath, Auctioneer, 
put up for sale at the Hotel D' Alton, Middleton, the 
tenant's interest in the farm of Ballynattin, near Gonna, 
by direction of the Master of the Rolls. The farm 
contains about 127 acres, held under judicial lease at 
^58 los. per annum, the purchaser having the right 
of grazing in common with another person of some 
64 acres of the adjoining mountain. The biddings, 
which were spirited, were started by Mr. James Hoare 
at ^100, and after lengthened competition between 
him and Messrs. Thomas and Michael Dineen, the 
farm was sold to Mr. Thomas Dineen for the sum of 
;^2 2 5, subject to the approval of the Master of the 
Rolls. — Cork Constitution, 20th February, 1893, 



IRISH SECURITIES AND HOME 
RULE. 



The panic which Mr. Gladstone's Home Rule Bill of 
1886 produced among Irish investors is again 
demonstrated. During thc-past fortnight a. fall of -17 
points has taken place in the quotation of "Bank of 
Ireland Stock, which is now 305 against 322-4. The 
following facts regarding the commercial earthquake of 
1885-6 deserve recording. In the autumn of 1885 
Mr. Gladstone's surrender to Mr. Parnell was rumoured, 
the Bank of Ireland ■'Mock, on September ist, stood at 
329, and commenced to decline as follows : — October 
ist, 317; November 3rd, 310; December ist, 304; 
December 17th, 300. It was on December i8th that a 
Press Agency stated that Mr. Gladstone had definitely 
adopted the policy of Home Rule. On December 
19th the s^ock fell to 275 ; December 28th, 249. .Mr. 
Gladstone's Bill was introduced on April 8th, 1886 ; the 
price of the Bank Stock on the 9th was 258. On June 
9th, when the Bill was defeated, it was 263, and it 
rose during the latter part of 1886 to 284, still continu- 
ing to increase until 1802. 



A McCARTHYITB MANIFESTO. 



RULING THE EMPIRE. 

An Address signed by Mr. Justin McCarthy, 
Chairman, Messrs. Blake, Sextoji, Davitt, Dillon, 
Healy, Wm. O'Brien, Arthur O'Connor, and T. 
P. O'Connor, M.P.'s, has been transmitted by 
cable to Dr. T. A. Emmet and other officers of 
the Irish Federation of the United States, and to 
the organizations in Canada and Australia for 
distribution in those countries. The appeal is 
addressed " To our kinsmen and all friends of 
Ireland in the United States, Canada, and 
Australia." Referring to the- Home Rule Bill, 
the document states : — 

" The Bill offers to the Irish people a Parliament 
practically free to deal with all Ireland's local aflairs, and 
an Executive Government responsible to that Parlia- 
ment. In addition the Irish people will have under the 
bill the rigi'it to share by delegation of So members in the 
Government of the Empire." 

It will be noted that in this appeal to England's 
enemies for funds, the fact is set out that not only 



NOTES FROM IRELAy D. 



will the Irish Nationalists rule Ireland, but they 
will also practically rule the Empire. 

ROUGH ON RHODES AND BRUNNER. 

Here is another passage from the Address : 

" Confronted by enemies, venomous, unscrujiulous, 
and with boundless wealth it is impossible for us to 
carry on even the short remnant of the struggle without 
the assistance of our brethren and friends in all parts 
of the world. // is only from people of our own blood 
a ndj'rom American and Australian sympathisers jvitli 
our principles, that we have asked or accepted assistance." 
— Freeman s Journal, 20th February, 1893. 

The Statement given here in italics is rough on 
Mr. Cecil Rhodes and Mr. Brunner, M.P. The 
former of whom contributed ^10,000^ and the 
latter ^1,000 to " the cause." 



IRELAND UNDER MR. MORLEY. 



'THE UNHAPPY DOCTRINAIRE IMMERSED 
IN THE INTRICACIES OF PRACTICE." 



A Bullock Killed. — A bullock, the property of Sir 
R. A. Denny, of Blumerville, Kerry, was killed on 
16th January. — Kerry Evening Fost, i8th January, 
1893. 

Seven Sheep Killed. — On 19th January seven 
sheep belonging to Patrick Creamer, of Castleroughy, 
Leitrim, were killed.— P. I., No. 23. 

A Tenant Assaulted. — John Towey, of Castlerea, 
who had taken an evicted farm, was assaulted by 
Patrick Jowey and John M'Carthy on 23rd January. — 
Western Feople^ 28th January, 1893. 

Sheehan's Punishment. — Seven tons of hay was 
burned at Christmas time belonging to a man named 
Michael Sheehan of Ballyconeely. Sheehan had 
threshed oats on an evicted farm. — Cork Constitution, 
2nd Februaiy, 1893. 

Oats Burned.— The Cork Constitution of the 3rd 
February, 1893, states that a " few nights ago " a large 
quantity of oats, the property of Malachi Daly, of 
Derryal, near Kanturk, County Cork, were burned. 

Result of School Boycotting. — AA^ith reference 
to the boycotting of the National School, Newmarket- 
on-Fergus, and the action of the boys and girls refusing 
to associate with the children of the emergencyman, 
the Limerick Leader of February ist says "brought 
Mrs. Vandeleur to her senses," and she ordered the 
emergencyman (who is on her property) to keep his 
children at home. 

Parnellite House AA^recked. — The house of a 
•Parnelhte named Michael Redmond, of Kilrush, was 
wrecked on February ^i\i.-^Independent, 6th February, 
1893. 

Firing Revolvers. — The Cork Constitution of 7th 
February says that at the Ballyclough Petty Sessions 
Thomas O'Connor and Michael Murphy were charged 
with firing revolvers near Ballyclough. 1 here was a 
quarrel over an evicted farm with the parties fired at, 
and both O'Connor and Murphy had boycotted the 
farm-produce at fairs. 



Children Assaulted. — The Freeman's Journal of 
February 8th states that the children of James Cushen, 
residing at Clonard, were assaulted on February 5 th, 
his windows and goods smashed, pohtical ill-feeling 
being the cause. 

Hay Burned. — A quantity of hay, the property of 
J. il. Howard, of Portumna, was burned on 4th Feb- 
ruary. — Midland Tribune, nth February, 1893. 

Mutilation of Animals. — On the 7th of February 
two donkeys, the property of farmers named Dolan 
and Crowe, residing at Clongowna, Ballinahower, were 
found in a dreadfully mutilated condition, their ears 
having been cut off. A previous tenant has lately been 
evicted from these lands, which have since been let in 
grazing. — From report in Westmeath Independent, nth 
February, 1893. 

Rates Uncollected. — Kerry Evening Post of nth 
February states that at the Killarney Board of Guard- 
ians' meeting the Rate Collector reported that they 
had great difficulties in trying to collect rates, as it was 
dangerous to distrain cattle without police protection, 
which was unobtainable. 

Moonlighting. — The Leinster Leader of February 
I ith says the house of Patrick Arthurs, Capdoo, was 
broken into by moonlighters on January 22nd. 

Assaulting Bailiffs. — The bailiffs on the Tighe 
estate, Co. Kilkenny, whilst endeavouring to execute 
warrants at Ballyfoley, on 9th February, were assaulted 
by a number of tenants. — Kilkenny Journal, 15th 
February, 1893. 

Attack on the Boycotted Schoolmaster. — A 
month since a teacher named Murphy was appointed 
to Rathnalough National School, Co. Kerry, by the 
parish priest against the wishes of the parishioners, 
who wanted a local man. It resulted in the school 
being boycotted, except by five children, whose houses 
were visited and the parents warned at the time. 
Murphy 7ivs undej police protection until last zveek, 
when it was not considered necessary. While pro- 
ceeding to the school on Friday morning two gun shots 
and two revolver shots were fired at him from behind 
a hedge, but he was not injured. It is stated he saw 
two men running away. — Irish Times, February 1 8th, 
1893. 

Metal Railwo'rk. Destroyed. — On Tuesday night 
a large quantity of ornamental metal railwork on Mr. 
John Lee's farm at Templenoe, near Kenmare, Co. 
Kerry, was broken down and destroyed. He has lodged 
a claim for £20 compensation. — Kerry Evening 
Post, 1 8th February, 1893. 

Attempt to Murder a Caretaker. — On Satur- 
day night, about 10 o'clock, when a caretaker named 
Day, in the employment of W. P. Hanly, Esq., J. P., 
an extensive land agent, was returning from Thuries 
to the farm of which he was in charge, a man walked 
up to him and asked his name, and where he was 
going. On being informed the man drew a revolver 
and, holding it to Day's head, fired. The bullet 
entered under the ear and came out through the jawbone. 
The unfortunate man is in a dying condition. Mr. 
Wills, 'D.I., and Mr. Crane, Assistant Divisional 



y^OTES FMOM IBELAJ^D. 



Commissioner, saw the dying man yesterday, and 
took his statement of the occurrence. — -/rtsA Times, 
2 1 St February, 1893. 

Serious Moonlight Attack. — Eight moonlight 
ruffians attacked the house of Mr. David O'l.eary, 
Castleishon, near Charleville, Co. Cork, and brutally 
assaulted him, on February 19th, after which they 
decamped. Mr. O'Leary's wounds were attended to 
by his brother, the medical officer of Milford. Some 
scars on the head required stitching. — Times, 21st 
February, and Cork Herald, 21st February, 1893. 

M00LIC7HTING IN Limerick. — A telegram from 
Newcastle West, County Limerick, says the house of 
John Donoghue, farmer, four miles from that town, 
was entered on Monday night by four men armed and 
masked, who demanded a gun or money, and, being 
refused, fired four shots, which, however, wounded 
none of the inmates. District Inspector Wright shortly 
afterwards arrested four men named Lenihan, Halloran, 
Buck, and Connell, who were ) esterday brought 
before Mr. Herbert Sullivan, and returned for trial. — 
Dublin Echo, 22nd February, 1893. 



SHERIFFS AND POLICE PRO- 
TECTION. 

DECISION AGAINST THE GOVERNMENT. 
The decision of the Queen's Bench of February 
and, published in Notes from Ireland of 
February nth, 1893, in the case of the Attorney- 
General and others v. Kissanc having been 
appealed against, came before the Court of 
Appeal on February 15th. The court consisted 
of the Lord Chief Baron, the Master of the 
Rolls, Lords Justices Fitzgibbon and Barry. 
The court held that no appeal could take place 
in a criminal case from the Queen's Bench. 
They had no jurisdiction, and the appeal wojjd 
be dismissed with costs. 

The Master of the Rolls was the first to deliver judg- 
ment. He said that orders of the Queen's Bench were 
prima facie subject to appeal in that Court, but the 
question had been raised that there was no appeal in 
this particular case under the 50th section of the 
Judicature Act, which excepted orders or judgments 
in any criminal case or matter. The question of their 
jurisdiction depended on the point — was this order of 
the Queen's Bench made in a criminal case or matter ? 
It was too late in the day to argue that a judgment 
meant a formal pronouncement on the record. The 
case itself was one by the Attorney -General against a 
man named Kissane. A judgment was obtained 
against Kissane, and a writ oifi. fa. was issued to the 
sheriff to levy for ^,{^20 153. 4d., the amount of the 
judgment and costs. As the county inspector would 
not afford police protection to execute the writ at 
night, the sheriff brought a motion in the Queen's 
Bench Division to commit him for contempt. They 
had to decide whether the charge was a cnminal one, 
and whether the order was one m a matter of a criminal 
nature. If they decided not — that it was a matter of 
a civil nature —of course the appeal would lie. It had 



been pointed out that this motion for attachment was 
in the title of the action, and that the order was in the 
title of the action, but the question also arose, was this 
order for contempt in any particular matter at all. It 
was not made on the application of any party to the 
action — not by the plaintiff or the defendant. It was 
not a motion against any party to the suit, but against 
a county inspector. It was not brought by any person 
to enforce any right of the parties in the case, for the 
judgment had been recovered. Under all the circum- 
stances he was distinctly of opinion that the matter was 
a criminal one, and he could hold nothing else unless 
he was prepared to overrule the decision in the case of 
O'Shea v. O'Shea. He was not prepared to do that, 
and, therefore, he came to the conclusion that no 
appeal did lie in the present case. 

The Lord Chief Baron was of the same opinion. 
His Lordship then dealt at length with the law on the 
question, as reviewed by the Master of the Rolls, and 
said he was obliged to come to the same conclusion. 
If it were correct, the decision of the House of Lords 
could not be taken on this question. On the question 
in the present proceedings he was clearly of opinion 
that this order for judgment — for in his opinion it 
amounted to a judgment — was made in a criminal 
matter, and therefore they had no jurisdiction to hear, 
the appeal. 

Lord Justice Fitzgibbon said the question in th'e" 
case could be very shortly and very sharply put — Was 
the county inspector's refusal to protect the sheriff in 
the execution of a writ a criminal act within the mean- 
ing of the Judicature Act? He was of opinion that it 
was, and he did not think it would be judicious for 
them to meddle with the Queen's Bench Division,, 
when they decided tiat it was a criminal matter to 
refuse to assist the sheritf in executing the Queen's,' 
writ. '"' 

Lord Justice Barry also concurred. — hiiblin MuH,' 
1 6th February, 1893. - 



A MEATH PARNELLITB'S 
FUNERAL. 



NO CLERGYMAN PRESENT. 
On Sunday, 29th January, a man named EdWard" 
Burke was injured at Navan by a baton during a police 
charge to disperse a disorderly crowd of rarnellites 
and Antfs. Burke was a Parnellite, and died from the 
injuries received. His funeral took place at Xavan on 
February 15th, and according to the Evening. Herald 
report of l"ebruary 17th — " there wasno priest in 
attendance, and the crowd silently uncovered their 
heads, prayed for some little time around the corpse 
before the men shouldered the: coffin and set out for- 
neighbourmg graveyard. . .; Very , pretty wreaths ■ 
sent by some of the townspeople were laid; on.^ths,. 
grave, around which the persons present prayed for , 
some time." . . ,, . 

Is the absence of a clergyman, we wonder, in-'" 
pursuance with the threat deposed to by John'-' 
Cowley at the South Mcath petition trial that 
Father Tynan told him "he would be .deprived 
of Christian burial when he died " should he 
vote against his clergy ? 



irOTES FROM IBELAHTD. 



IRISH PARTIES UNDER THE 
BILL. 



" An Irish Correspondent " writes to the Pull 
Mall Gazette of February i8th as under : — 

The text of Mr. Gladstone's bill issued to-day 
enables those who, like myself, have been for some 
years close students of the state of political opinion in 
Irish constituencies, to form a tolerably accurate 
judgment a,s to the probable position of parties in the 
various assemblies suppordng and opposing respec- 
tively the present proposals of the Government. 

The Imperial Parliament. 
The second schedule to the Home Rule Bill deals 
with the future representation of Ireland in the 
Imperial Parliament, and it places it at a total of So 
members. Of these 27 are to come from Ulster. 
And here it may at once be noted that Ulster derives 
from the rearrangement a slight proportionate numeri- 
cal gain. The following constituencies would return a 
solid Unionist contingent — namely, Antrim, Armagh, 
Belfast, Londonderry County, and Londonderry City. 
It is doubtful whether, in the first election, Fermanagh 
would return a Unionist, but there is no question that 
such a decision would be reversed in the near future. 
On the other hand, Cavan, Monaghan, and Newry 
would return Nationalists. In Donegal i Unionist 
and 2 Nationalists would be returned, and in Tyrone 
2 Unionists and i Nationalist— the total being 19 
Unionists against 8 Nationalists. Outside of Ulster, 
the St. .Stephen's Green Division of Dublin would 
return a Unionist, as the growth of opinion in the 
constituency in that direction is constant and steady. 
Dublin County would also provide a member of that 
party, but all the other constituencies in the three 
southern provinces would return Nationalists. The 
position of Irish parties would therefore be in the 
Imperial Parliament 21 Unionists and 59 Nationalists. 

The Irish Legislative Assembly. 
Of course, elected on tlie same franchise, for the 
same constituencies, and under the same method of 
voting, the state of ''pardes" in the Legislative 
Assembly — -.or Lower House — would be the same as 
they are at present in the House of Commons. 

The Irish Legislative Council. 
This is a body to be elected upon a ;!^20 rating 
franchise, with considerable readjustment of con- 
stituencies. The proportion of U Ister ought to be 
i4'45. The advantage of getting rid of the fraction 
is again decided in favour of the Northern Province, 
which gets 15 of the 48 members. Under the scheme 
Antrim, Armagh, Belfast, liown, Fermanagh, Donegal, 
Londonderry, iMonaghan, and Tyrone, would go solid 
for the Unionists. Indeed, the only constituency 
about which there might be any doubt is Cavan, and 
I am, on the whole, inclined to think it would follow 
suit. That would give a solid Unionist vote in the 
Upper House from the province about which so much 
is heard at present. Outside of Ulster, the only con- 
stituencies returning Unionists would be those of 
Dublin, which would send up 4 out of the 5 allotted 
to them, 'ihe whole Chamber would consist then of 
J 9 Unionists and 29 Nationalists. 



Perhaps the following com]iarison of the present 
representation with those which would result from 
the schemes contained in the Bill will be found inter- 
esting : — 

Total Number Percentage of Percentage of 
of Members, Unionists. Nationalrts. 
Present Parliament and Irish 

Legislative Assembly ... IC3 ... 22-33 ... 77'07 
Irish Li gislative Council... 48 ... 39'6 ... (5o'4 
Imperial Parliament ... 80 ... 26'2 .. 73'8 

But it is even more important from some points of 
view to see how Ulster would stand. This is repre- 
sented in the following table : — 

Tolal Number Percentage of P(rcn'age of 
of Members. Unionists. Nationaliits. 

Present Parliament and Irish 

Legislative Assembly ... 33 ... 57-5 ... 62'5 

Irish Legislative Council ... 15 ... 100 ... — 

Imperial Parliament ... 27 ... 70^4 ... 29'6 

It will be seen from the probable composition of the 
Legislative Council that the Nationalist party would 
have an absolute majority in the Upper Chamber, and 
that no deadlock such as Mr. Gladstone suggested 
would ever occur between the two Houses. The 
Upper House would in all probability invariably p.iss 
the measures sent up from the Legislative Assembly, 
and it is not too great a stretch of the imagination to 
foreshadow a case in which legislation might be pro- 
posed, specially affecting LI Ister, against which that 
province would give in the Lower House a vote ot 
three-fifths of its members, and in the Upper House 
an absolutely unanimous one, .and yet be overborne 
purely by the hostile majority from the other provinces. 



PAID PATRIOTS. 



Considerable Nationalist indignation has re- 
cently been aroused at the. idea of the word 
mercenary being applied to members of the 
party. We do not desire to enter into any con- 
troversy whether Irish members draw a subsidy 
from Philadelphia or Parliament Street. We only 
wish to quote the following passage from United 
Ireland in 1887. The public servants, here 
denounced as " a pack of mean and cowardly 
mercenaries," were fulfilling their duty as much 
as any Member of Pailiamcnt. The men who 
write and put in type such language as below 
are not the persons to stand forth as paragons of 
injured innocence. 

This is how Mr. Wm. O'Brien's paper prepared 
its readers for the administration of the Crimes 
Act by the Resident Magistrates. The greater 
number of these gentlemen having been ap- 
pointed by Mr. Gladstone's Lord Lieutenant : — 

" It is by a pack of mean and cowardly mercenaries 
Irish liberty is to be assassinated. The new Bill for the 
suppression of agitation arms the stipendary magistrate 
of Ireland with a dagger, and bids him use it. I his is 
the principal provision of the Bill. This is its spirit and 
substance, the other clauses are but the outward limbs 
and flourishes. In the history of despotism there was 
never a power more absolute, more cruel, or more de- 
grading to its victims than the power which this Bill 
seeks to bestow on the paid partisans who do the dirty 
work of the Castle." — United Ireland, 9th April, 1887,. 



JirOTES FROM IBELAXD, 



61 



A DIURNAL 

OP EVENTS RELATING TO IRELAND. 



February 13— Mr. H. T. Keckitt 
(Liberal) elected Member lor Pontcfracl. 
Polling— Reckilt (L), 1.228; ^haw (C), 
1,165; Gladstonian majorit)', 63. The 
polling at previous elections was as fol- 
lows: — 

iSS;. 1886. 

Winn (C) Hit Wmn (C) 1156 

Childers (L) 1075 Fleming (LJ 947 

Conservative maj. 36 Conserva'.ive maj. acj 



Conservative maj. 40 

— Report in Indtptndev.t staler lli.it a 
few days ago the agent of Col. O'Callaghai;, 
accompanicii by bailiffs and police, visited 
the property at P-odyke, and that two r fie 
shots were fired at them by people who 
had collected. No arrests were made. 

— In the House of Lords Lord Middle- 
ton asked the Lord Chancellor -by whose 
authority a judge of the Superior Courts in 
England can undertake non-judicial duties 
in Ireland ; whether he continues to draw 
his salary assigned for the performance of 
his duties in England ; and out of what 
funds the expenses of the commission pre- 
sided over by Mr. Justice Mathew would 
be defrayed ? The Lord Chancellor said 
there had never been any express autho- 
rity relieving such a judge from his judi- 
cial functions, but there had never been 
any doubt down to the pre?ent day that a 
judge appointed by the Minister of the 
day on a commission was justified in per- 
forming his duties on the commission. Mr. 
Justice Mathew would draw his salary, anil 
the expenses of the commission would be 
defrayed out of the vote for temporaiy 
commissions taken every year. 

14. — The Uuke of Devonshire, speaking 
at a dinner given to Lord Wolmer by the 
Liberal Union Club, said the new Home 
Rule measure failed in almost evrry re- 
spect to meet the objections which they 
look to the Bill of 1886. The measure 
would have to go back to the constitu- 
encies again, and when they once mor- 
heard the appeal of Ulster he believed i; 
would be rejected. 

— In the House of Lord":, during a dis- 
cussion relative to the Disestablishment of 
the Church in Wale.=, Lord Salisbuiy said 
that in Ireland this robbery of the Church 
was followed by rubbery of the landlords, 
and then by proposals for the mutilation 
of the State. 

— Mr. Gladstone entertained, among 
others, at dinner, Mr. John Dillon, M.P., 
and Mr. W. O'Brien, M.P. 

— Marquis of Salisbury agreed to pay 
a political visit to Ulster, and address 
meetings in Belfast and Londonderry 
about Easter. 

15.— In the House of Commons the 
Speaker ti-.ok the chair at two o'clock. 
The business before the House was the 
second reading ■ f the Local Authorities 
jVoting and Qualificationj Bill, moved 



by Mr. Logan, who explained that the 
measure applied the principle of one 
man one vote to the election of Poor-Law 
Guardians and Local Boards of Health, 
and abolished the property qualification 
for membership in those bodies. It also 
sought to enable women to vote for or 
serve upon Boards of Guardians or Local 
Boards. After a prolonged discussion 
Mr, A. Balfour said he wished to guard 
himself from any suspicion that by 
assenting to the second reading he did 
not retain the fullest liberty of dealing 
with all the subjects that came within 
its purview, should it ever reach a later 
stage. The Bill was then read a second 
time. 

16. — The Court of Appeal unanimously 
decided that they had no jurisdiction to 
hear the appeal of the Crown against the 
order of the Queen's Bench Division 
granting an attachment against County- 
Inspector Waters for refusing police 
protection to the Sheriff of Kerry for 
night seizures, the order having been 
made in a criminal matter, and in the 
exercise of a punitive jurisdiction, and. 
therefore, excepted by section 50 of the 
Judicature Act from appealable judg- 
ments. 

— In the House of Commons, Sir 
Thomas lismonde asked Lord Wolmer 
whether he was correctly reported as 
having stated at a banquet on Tuesday 
night that — " They knew from the in- 
ternal difficulties in the Irish Party they 
could no longer be paid by Irish money. 
Therefore they were being paid, and un- 
doubtedly being paid, by the party or- 
ganisation, and the party now in power. 
Therefore, the position Mr. Gladstone 
was in was that he was undertaking this 
Constitutional change relying on a ma- 
jority of 40 paid mercenaries." Lord 
Wolmer said the report was substantially 
correct, and if the hon. member was in 
a position to say that the statement had 
no foundation in fact, he was prepared to 
withdraw it and express his regret. Jlr. 
Sexton then drew attention to an article 
in the Timci. dealing with the above 
statement, and the contemplated pay- 
ment of members, and moved — "That the 
article constitutes a gross and scandalous 
breach of the privileges of the House." 
Mr. John Redmond seconded the motion. 
After a heated discussion, in which Mr. 
Gladstone, Mr, Balfour, Mr. Chamber- 
lain, &c., took part, the motion of Mr. 
Sexton was put and carried. "The ad- 
journed debate on the Home Rule Bill 
was resumed by Lord Randolph Church- 
ill, who said— "It was now upwards of 
two years since he addressed the House, 
but these were remarkable times. The 
days of a Tory Government, alter 
lasting six years, were over, and those 
were years of great repose and tran- 
quility, and the time had been one of 
continued prosperity and strength. But 
a time of excitement, perturbation, and 
party conflict, had recurred, as it always 
did recur, when the First Lord of the 



Treasury assumed power in this country. 
It is proposed to adopt a grave and im- 
portant change in the Constitution, 
which may impair the power and 
strength of the British Empire. The 
Bill in no way resembles ordinary legis- 
lation ; it proposes what amounts to a 
constitutional revolution, and alters the 
permanent relations between the three 
countries which comprise the P':i;ied 
Kingdom. The First Lord of the 
Treasury has renewed in a somewhat 
varied manner the proposals for the 
government of Ireland which he brought 
forward in 1S86. I have never called 
these proposals anything, nor never will 
call them anything under any title but 
that of Repeal of the Union. The 
essence of the Act of Union was that it 
was essentially a Union of Parliaments. 
It was an historical fact that England 
could never count with any certainty on 
the capacity or willingness of the Irish 
F'arliament to do its duty in defence of 
Great Britain and Ireland. Those were 
the reasons of the Act of the Union. It 
was a matter of life and death to Eng- 
land and to Ireland that there should be 
one Parliament and one Executive 
Government ruling over the United 
Kingdom under one Crown. That was 
the Act of Union. Though Ireland i.s 
apparently normal and tranquil, nobody 
will doubt that all the germs of disorder 
which are apparently quiescent, are only 
lying dormant, and there can be no safety 
for England unless the might of the 
Imperial Parliament rules over the Irish 
as it rules over the English and Scottish 
peoples. If the right hon. gentleman's 
policy were successful the abandonment 
and destruction of the Union would go 
down to posterity as the Great Betrayal. 
The noble lord ably reviewed the differ- 
ent proposals of the Bill, the treatment of 
the Constabulary, the landlords, &c., and 
said he would like to say one word upon 
Ulster, the existence of which was the 
most important fact, perhaps, in the 
Irish community. No provision what- 
ever is made in the Bill for the safety 
and security of the minority in Ireland. 
Protestant Ulster seems to have passed 
entirely from the mind of the Prime 
Minister. The noble lord had always a 
strong belief that Protestant U Ister might 
be too much for an Irish Parliament. 
This Imperial Parliament had no right 
to compel the Ulster people to transfer 
their allegiance to any other body, least 
of all to a separate Parliament, which 
must mainly consist of their hereditary 
foes. The Government cannot realise 
the tremendous forces which are arrayed, 
and will be arrayed, against their Irish 
policy. The Unionist Party will not be 
able to defeat the Bill in the House of 
Commons. In the House of Lords the 
Prime Minister and his party will meet 
with formidable opposition. The peers 
of Engand have behind them three 
hundred and twenty Unionist members 
in the House of Commons. They will 
tight for the rights of the English people. 
It is in the Enghsh constituencies that 



es 



kOTES FBOM IBELAKt). 



the ultimate issue must be decided. 
Never will the English people allow 
any minority to impair their Empire, 
and we Unionists are now fighting for 
the government life of England. I know 
well the nature of the English people, 
and, thank God, I know this Bill can 
never pass." The debate was adjourned 
on the motion of IVIr. Austruther. 

18. — Mr. Jeremiah Jordan (McCarthy- 
ite), elected for South Meaih. Result of 
polling — J. Jordan (Mc), 2707; J. J. 
Dalton (R), 2638; Majority, 6g. The 
polling at previous election in July, 1892, 
was as follows : — 

Fullam (Mc.) 2212 
Dalton (R) 2129 

Majority 83 

— Text of Home Rule Bill issued. 

19. — A Moonlight attack took place on 
the house of Mr. D. O'Leary, of Castle- 
ishon, near Charleville. Mr. O'Leary 
was brutally beaten about the head, and 
the party numbering eight men, de- 
camped. 

20. — The son of a caretaker, named 
Martin Day, of Clobanna, near Thurles, 
shot through the neck while driving home 
on a cart. Injured man not likely to 
recover. No arrests made. 

— Appeal for funds issued to the 
supporters of Home Rule in the United 
States, Canada, and Australia, signed by 
Justin McCarthy, Chairman, and the 
Committee of the Irish Parliamentary 
Party. 

— A Convention for Mid-Tipperary 
was held at Templemore, and Mr. J. V. 
Hogan, an Irish Australian, residing in 
London, was selected as the McCarthyite 
candidate. Mr. John Dillon, M.y., pre- 
sided, and twenty-four Roman Catholic 
priests were present. 

— In the House of Lords, the Marquis 
of Londonderry, in accordance with a 
notice on the paper, wished to know 
whether the Lord Chancellor could inform 
the House as to the course the Irish Ex- 



ecutive proposed to take in reference to 
their refusal to grant police protecti<jn to 
sheriffs at night,intheexecutionofjudgments 
of the Superior Courts, aad to the judg- 
ment of the Queen's Bench Division hold- 
ing such refusal illegal. The Lord Chan- 
cellor said that the question whether there 
should be au appeal frotu the decision of 
the Court of Appeal was still under con- 
sideration. The Marquis of Londonderry 
thought that the course pursued by the 
Executive showed a desire on the part of 
the Government to appeal to the law- 
breaking section of their Nationalist 
allies. 

— In the House of Commons, Mr. T. 
W. Russell asked the Chief Secretary if 
the action of the Cork City Council in 
taxing the Protestant minority of the city 
to pay the expenses incurred by the Mayor 
in going to Rome to present the Pope with 
au address of congr.itulation was legal. 
Mr. Morley said he should have to take 
Itgal advice in the matter, but .so far as 
he knew it was no business of his to inter- 
fere with the action of the C luncil. 
On the motion of Mr. Gladstone the 
Right Hon. Mr. Mellor was unanimously 
elected Chairman of Committees. Mr. 
Henry Fowler introduced the Registra- 
tion of Electors Amendment Bill, and 
explained its provisions. It proposes 
the reduction of the qualification period 
to three months, and the removal of 
disabilities in connection with the Lodger 
Franchise and the payment of rates. 
-Vlr. T. M. Healy congratulated t'ne 
right hon. gentleman on his admirable 
Bill, and said it was required quite as 
much in Ireland as in England, and he 
gathered from a statement made on 
another occasion that it was the inten- 
tion of the Irish Government to apply it 
to our country. After some further dis- 
cussion the Bill was read a first time. 

— The house of John O'Donoghue, 
farmer, four miles from Newcastle West, 
was entered by four men armed and 
masked, who demanded money or arms, 
and when refused tired four shots. Four 
men were arrested, and have been re- 
turned for trial. 



21. — In the House of Commons Mr. 
John Morley, in reply to Mr. T. W. 
Russell, said that the points named in 
the resolutions at the Conference of the 
Ulster Tenant Farmers' Association at 
Belfast on the loth inst., were receiving 
the consideration of the Government. 
In reply to Mr. W. O'Brien, Mr. Morley 
stated that the report of the Evicted 
Tenants' Commission had not yet been 
submitted to the Lord Lieutenant, 
but it would shortly be received 
and circulated. Mr. Kimber called 
attention to the disparity of representa- 
tion existing between certain constitu- 
encies of the United Kingdom. Mr. 
Macartney, alluding to disparities in 
Ireland, said the party with which he 
was associated had always protested 
against the inequalities of the settlement 
of 1SS4-5. Tested by population or 
elections Ireland was over-represented, 
and Ulster was at a disadvantage as 
compared with the other three provinces. 
For instance, every Member for Antrim 
represented 4,500 electors in excess of 
those represented by the Members of 
Kerry. An hon. member drew attention 
to the fact that there were not forty 
members present, and the House ad- 
journed at a quarter past eight o'clock. 

22.— Mr. Gibney (McCarthyite), re- 
turned for North Meath. Result of 
polling— Gibney (McC), 2,498 ; Mahony 
(K), 2,200 ; majority, 298. The polling 
at last election was as follows : — 

Davitt (Mc.) 2=H9 
Mahony (R.) 2146 

Majority 405 

— Mr. Whiteley (C.) returned for 
Stockport in place of the late Mr. Jen- 
nings. Result of polling — Mr. Whiteley 
(C), 5,264; Major Sharp-Hume (G.), 
4,799 ; majority, 465. The polling at the 
General Election was : — 



J. Leigh (G ) S202 

L. J. Jennings (C.) 4086 

Major Snarp-Hume (G ) 4876 

Hon. P. Bowes Lyun(C.) 4681 



MR. 



HARRINGTON AND THE 
EVICTED. 



Speaking at Navan in support of Mr. Pierce 
Mahony on Sunday, 19th February, Mr. 1'. 
Harrington said : — 

Wiien the Government got into power last July and 
August, and wlien we met them in the English House 
of Commons we made a demand upon them that 
they should then and there settle down to consider 
the most pressing claim upon the Irish people — the 
claim of these unfortunate tenants who had been 
evicted during the Land War in Ireland, and as I 
know much of the circumstances under which these 
men have been evicted, / tell you there an hwidreds 
of me/i evicted in Ireland, who might have kept their 
homes up to the present time if it had not been for the 
advice and solicitation addressed to them by some of the 
men who are voting with the Liberal ' Government 
to-day. 

THE SMALL COMMISSION A SHAM. 
The Government (said Mr. T. Harrington), instead 
of holding an Autumn Session, instead of legislating 



for the evicted tenants or making some proposals which 
■would be bringing the landlords to their knees, and enabl- 
ing them to settle with these unfortunate tenants, issued 
an inquiry — a sham inquiry, because there was nothing to 
inquire into, and no information has been given. 
(Hear, hear.) I know the political situation thoroughly, 
I know the difficulties thoroughly, and I have no 
hesitation in giving you my word that during this 
Session of Parliament no measure of relief for the 
evicted tenants will be introduced if we, the nine men 
who represent Independence, cannot get the Govern- 
ment into a hole, and force their hand. (Cheers.) 
The time may come when they will require our 
assistance. They know we are not bound to their 
chariot wheels, and if the opportunity turns up for us 
to show our strength and show them their weakness, 
they'll have to pause in their legislation for the masses 
in England, they'll have to turn their attention to the 
poor tenants in Ireland, and have to introduce some 
measures that will relieve them from the desperate 
fate that is before them. — Independent, 20th Februarv, 
1893. 



NOTES FROM IRELAND. 



MR. GLADSTONE'S FACTS. 



"COERCION." 
" Nemo" writes to the Times, 20th February, 
1893 :- 

In introducing the Home Rule Bill, Mr. Gladstone 
ntipealed to the fact of "coercion" as proving the 
necessity for such a measure, and, according to your 
report, he used these words : — 

If we take the early part of this century, coercion wa<; 
then, though frequent, far from being habitual. Down, I 
think, to 1829 or 1832 there were 10 or 12 years that were 
entirely free from it, but in the much longer period that 
elapsed between 1832 and 1SS6, there were only, I believe, 
two years in which Ireland was entirely free from the note 
of exceptional and repressive laws. 

The aged statesm.in has been badly served by those 
who '• deviled "' for him in the preparation of his speech. 
They ha\'e betraj-ed him into a statement which is 
absolutely untrue both in what it asserts and in what it 
unplies. Down to the reign of William W . there were 
not, as he avers, 10 or 12 years — there were not as 
many weeks — " entirely free from coercion." 

The Insurrection Act of 1796, which, in virtue of a 
later statute of the Irish Parliament, continued in force 
until 1807, was in that year re-enacted in two parts. 
The one lapsed in 18 10, but a similar measure was 
brought into operation temporarily in 18 14, and again 
in 1822 ; the other, by a series of continuing Acts (13 
in number) remained on the statute book till 1843, 
save only for a few months in 1S16 and a few weeks in 
1 83 1. Along with the Insurrection Act, a stringent 
Arms Act was also passed in 1796, and this, too, was 
renewed from time to time, and remained in force also 
till 1843, excepting only for a few months in 182 1. In 
1843 both statutes were consolidated and re-enacted 
in an amended form for three years. In 1846 Lord 
John Russell, yielding his own judgment to the 
clamour of some of his supporters, allowed this Coer- 
cion Act to lapse, and the result was such an appalling 
outbreak of crime in Ireland, that a far more stringent 
enactment became necessary in the following year. 

This, however, was not the full measure of coercion 
in force during the first 30 years of the century. The 
Whiteboy Code, as it is commonly called, which had 
been in operation under temporary Acts during 
the period of Grattan's Parliament, was made perpetual 
by an enactment of the last Session of that Parliament, 
and remained in full force until the reign of William IV. 
But even these were not the only legacy from the 
halcyon days of the College Green Parliament. Not- 
withstanding the brutal severity of the Insurrection Act 
and the other measures above mentioned, the coercion 
code in operation at the date of the Union was further 
strengthened by the Rebellion Act of 1799, which 
practically placed the country under martial law. And 
by yet another statute the writ of habeas corpus was 
suspended. This terrible coercion code, moreover, 
only reflected the actual condition of the country, 
which had become so deplorable and desperate that the 
statesmanship of England determined by any means, 
and at any cost, to put an end to Irish Home Rule. 

My object, however, is not to point the moral, but 
merely to record facts which prove Mr. Gladstone's 
-whole argument on this point to be untenable and false. 



SOUTH MBATH ELECTION. 



The poHing for the Southern Division of Meath took 

place on February 17th, resuking in the return of Mr. 

Jordan, the clerical candidate. The figures were as 

under: — 

J. Jordan (A-P.) ... 2,707 

J. DaUon (P.) ... 2,638 

Majority ... 69 

The figures at the General Election were : — P. Fullam 
(clericalj, 2,212; J. Dalton (Redmondite), 2,129; 
Majority. 83. 

The Roman Catholic clergy were again well to the 
front, taking an active part in the election. At Trim 
Mr. Jordan's impersonation agents were Rev. Hugh 
Behan, Rev. Father Egan, and Rev. Father Skelly. 
The Rev. Father Casey occupied a position in the hall 
a great part of the day, canvassing voters as they came 
in. At DunshaughUn the following priests spent the 
day amongst the voters in the streets : — Rev. Father 
M'Grath, Rev. Father Mulvany, P.ev. Father Tynan, 
Rev. Father Gallery, Rev. Father Crinion, and Rev. 
Father G.allagher. At Clonard the Rev. Michael 
Woods and several other priests were busy bringing up 
voters to the poll. Mr. Jordan was supported at 
Summerhill by Rev. Father Fay and Rev. Father 
Buchanan. Father Fagan spent the day in the booth 
at Ballivor. The impersonation agent for Mr. Jordan 
at Duleek was the Rev. Father Farrell, C.C. — (From 
Independent Report, i8th February, 1893.) 

The Evening Herald (Parnellite) says : — 
We regret that the clergy did not see fit to absent 
themselves from the South .Meath polling booths. Up 
to the last moment it was hoped that, after the result 
of the petition and the evidence which the trial dis- 
closed, they would consult their own dignity and 
respect the feelings of their thousands of Parnellite 
parishioners by at least leaving the battle-field clear on 
the. polling day. But the hope was doomed to dis- 
appointment. Despotic power once enjoyed is not 
easily relinquished, and they again exercised the func- 
tions of personation agents. We deliberately assert 
that for a bitterly Anti-Parnellite priest to act as 
personation agent is intimidation ff the most notoriously 
subtle and deadly character, and it is grievous that so 
many priests should have stooped to use this unfair 
influence from the start to the finish of yesterday's 
poll. — Evening Herald, February iSth, 1893. 



After the declaration of the poll at Trim, Mr. 
Patrick O'Brien, ex-M.P., addressing the Par- 
nellite gathering said, referring to the unpopular 
reception accorded to the newly-elected mem- 
ber, Mr. Jordan : — 

They saw Dr. Nulty's member, the representative of 
the ignorance and the cowardice of that division of the 
county, leave the courthouse a while ago, and sneak 
by a back lane, with a bodyguard of police, and he 
supposed he went up to pay due homage to Father 
Behan. He (Mr. O'Brien) repeated what he had often 
said before, that where the priests were abusing their 
power, and interfering with the rights of the people as 



NOTES FROM IRELAND. 



citizens, that the people should stop the supplies. If 
this were done the priests would retire from the fight, 
and the Parnellites would win. The Parnellites would 
continue to fight for independence of thought in Irish 
politics, even if it took years to accomplish it. They 
were fighting for real Home Rule, and the greatest 
argument that had been used against Mr. Gladstone's 
Home Rule Bill, and that would be used against it 
night after night until it was passed — if it ever would 
be passed — was the helpless condition of the people who 
alloived a bishop to compel a whole diocese to vote as he 
Hied. They would have to sho^v that this would not 
be so, and that there should be freedom of political 
action in Ireland. (I'heers.) 

POLITICS BEFORE DUTY. 
IV/ie/i he saw half a dozen priests, as he did in one 
case yesterday, walking in the mud outside the polling 
station, he was forced to ask himself, while they were 
doing the work of the Whig Party, tvho were looking 
after the religious wants of the people. Pie had been 
told that in one district txoo babies had died without 
the priest givirig them baptism. He had been asked to 
go, but he answered that he was in a hurry. Yes, he 
was in a hurry to go to take the chair at a meeting for 
Mr. ^Villiam O'Brien, of sugar-stick notoriety. — Irish 
Daily Independent, 20th February, 1893. 



MR. DAVITT. 



LETTER TO HIS CHRISTIAN FRIEND, FORD, 
ON NORTH MEATH PETITION. 

In the Irish World oi December 31st, 1892, the 
following paragraph appeared :— 

" We regret that Davitt thought it his duty to go 
into court at all to defend the case. He ought to 
have left Pierce Maliony and his judges and counsel 
to carry out, the farce by themselves. In a ' trial ' 
before such judges Davitt ought to know very well 
that there has never been and never can be the 
shadow of a chance of justice for him or the like of 
him." 

Writing from Land League Cottage, Bally- 
brack, on January 13th, 1893, Mr. Davitt 
addresses " My dear Mr. Ford " as under, in 
vindication of his action, and in reply to Ford's 
paragraph : — 

I had no alternative (writes the unseated member) 
but to appear in court, after having been summoned. 
The penalty of refusing to appear would be to endorse 
by default all the charges made against several priests 
who were named in the petition and accused of bribery 
and other forms of corruption — charges which, if 
established or admitted, would entail their prosecution 
at common law and the loss to them of the franchise 
and other civil rights for a period of seven years. I 
would, likewise, have to pay all the costs of the 



petition. I was therefore compelled by these con- 
siderations to enter an appearance. What I instructed 
my counsel to propose, on the opening of the case, 
was this : To accept judgment on the question of Dr. 
Nulty's pastoral, which, of itself, was declared by 
Judge O'Brien to be sufficient to void the elecdon, on 
condition that all the other charges of bribery, etc., 
made against several priests should be withdrawn. 
This the court refused to agree to and the trial pro- 
ceeded, with the result that all these specific charges 
were triumphantly disproved, the judges declaring that 
there was no ground whatever for them and that they 
never should have been made. I was not so much 
concerned for myself as for others. I could not act 
in a way that would inflict unmerited penalties upon 
staunch friends and devoted Nationalists. I offered 
to accept the election a? void. This was refused. It 
was expected that evidence might be forthcoming 
which would convict some of my clerical supporters 
of grave and punishable offences. The trial resulted 
in their complete vindication. This in itself was worth 
the trouble and humiliation of the trial — having this 
additional satisfacdon that the petitioner is Mable for 
the costs of the charges which he failed to make good. 
This is the unique position in which this case now 
stands : The judges both declared, emphatically, that 
there was nothing whatever proved against me per- 
sonally. I am, however, unseated on the ground of 
widespread clerical intimidation. But not a single 
soul in Meath, bishop, priest, or layman is named by 
the judges, in their report to the Speaker of the House 
of Commons as having been guilty of anything illegal ! 
So that the only one who is named and punished is 
the person implicated, and who is declared by the 
tribunal which tried the charges against him to 
have been guilty of nothing — except of having been 
the successful candidate ! The decision in itself 
disqualifies me for North Meath during the existence 
of the Parliament which was elected last July, but not 
for any other constituency. 



FRUITS OP THE HOME RULE 
BILL. 



At the meeting of the Guardians of the South Dublin 
Union, in reply to Mr. Caldbeck, the Clerk said if, 
under the Home Rule Bill, Imperial contributions for 
local purposes in Irelnnd were stopped, it would mean 
a loss to that union of 3d. in the pound on the total 
valuation of the union, which stood at ^700,000. 



Published by the Ibish Unionist Alliance, at their Dublin Offices, 100 
draftoa Stieet, aad lioodon Offices, 26 Palace Clumbers, Westminster, S.Wi 



J^OT£S FROM mELkm 

*^* A Record of the sayings and doings of the Home Rule Parties in the fu>-therance of their " Separatist " Poiicy 
for Ireland ; and of facts connected with the country. For the information of the Imperial Parliament, the Press, 
and the Public generally. ^^^^^ 



No. 9.— Vol. 1.— New Series. 4th JIARCII, 1893. 



Price Id. 



®c»nterttB. 

The Lan'i) Market — Irish Votes Passed the Sus- 

PE.vsoRV Bill 
Crime in Clare 
The Priest in Politics — The Military Society and 

THE QdESTION ok THE HOCR ... 

Irish Securities and Home Rule 
A Diornal 

Stockport — Bankrupt in Three Years 
The Royal Irish Constabulary ... 
Waiting for Plunder 



THE LAND MARKET. 



On Monday Mr. James O'F. Slattery put up for sile 
the farm at Arabella, Co. Kerry, held by John Teahan, 
a lunatic, and containing 86 statute acres, at the yearly 
rent oi jQiao. After brisk bidding Mr. T. J. O'Sullivan, 
Master of the Tralee Workhouse, was declared pur- 
chaser at £(>io. On the same day Mr. Teahan's farm 
at Leebrook, containing 73 statute acres, at the yearly 
judicial rent of ^70, was purchased by Mr. P. M. 
Quinlan, Clerk of the CTnion, for ;£too. — Kerry 
Sentinel, 22nd February, 1893. 



Messrs. Scanlan and Sons, auctioneers, put up for 
auction on the lands yesterday the farm known as 
Lotabeg, comprising 43 acres, with dwelling-house and 
out-offices, situate at Lower Mayfield, Cork. It 
was held on judicial tenancy at the rent of 
^64 IS. 2d., and the tithe rent-charge ;^4 8s. 6d. 
There was a very large attendance. The bidding was 
opened by .Mr. Robert Wynne, solicitor, at ^^400, and 
after the several biddings had reached ^630, the pro- 
perty was withdrawn by the auctioneers, the reserved 
price not having been reached. Immediately after the 
adjournment the farm was, however, disposed of by 
them privately to Miss Ellen Spillane for ^700, sub- 
ject, under the Land Act, to the consent of the 
landlord. — Cork Examiner, 22nd February, 1893. 



The Nationalist and Tipperary Advertiser says : — ■ 
The land hunger still affects the people. For the grazing 
of beUveen nine and ten acres of land at Ballylynch a 
sum of ;^6o was got by auction. — Nationalist, iSth 
February, 1S93. 



On 13th inst. Messrs. Ganly, Dublin, sold by 
auction a farm containing 92a. 3r. lop., Irish planta- 
tion measure, held in fee, subject to tithe rent-charge of 
^15 13s. 6d. per annum; situated at Dungimin (three 
miles from Oldcastle), Co. Meath ; bought by H. P. 
Kennedy, Esq.. Cavan, for ;^2,5oo. 



On Wednesday last Messrs. M'Cabe, auctioneers. 
Cork and Bandon, sold for the tenant, Mrs. Margaret 
Lyons, her interest in part of Ardnacluch, midway 
between Bandon and Innishannon, about 26 acres ; 
judicial rent, f[^2\; poor law valuation, ;^i8. There 
was a large attendance, and keen competition between 
Messrs. John Calnan, I). Murphy, J. Hayes, D. 
Horgan, J. O'Brien. Mr. Dan Murphy was declared 
purchaser at ^140, with auction fees. Mr. Thomas 
K. Sullivan, solicitor, Bandon, had carriage of sale. — 
Cork Examiner, 25th February, 1893. 



IRISH VOTES PASSED THE 
SUSPENSORY BILL. 



Mr. Edwakd Blake, M.P., addressing a 
meeting at Hull, on February 25th, referred to 
the representation of Ireland in the Imperial 
Parliament, and said : — 

" They asked no more than representation in 
diminished numbers in proportion to that dwindling 
population which the conduct of the united Parliament 
was largely responsible for. (Cheers). They asked 
that they should be represented in matters which were 
common to both, that their partners should have their 
fair proportional voice in the adjustment of the 
partnership concerned. It was a great fundamental 
principle to which they had got to agree, even though 
it might involve some inconvenience, some anomalies, 
and some difficulties. What was the case now? They 
had 103 Irish members who were to vote upon every 
parish bill and every question in connection with 
England, Wales, and Scotland. Their votes had 
turned Ministries out and put them in. Their votes 
were keeping the present Ministry in power, and whose 
votes carried the Suspensory Bill, with reference to Welsh 
Disestablishment Bill. — Freeman s Journal, 27 th 
February, 1893. 



NOTES FB03I IBELAXD. 



CRIME IN CLARE. 



NO SECURITY FOR LIFE OR PROPERTY. 
Clare Spring Assizes was opened at Ennis on Mon- 
day afternoon by Mr. Justice O'Brien. Addressing the 
Grand jury after they had been re-sworn, his lordship 
said — Captain O'Callaghan and gentlemen of the Grand 
Jury of the County of Clare — 1 understand from the 
observation of the Crown Solicitor that seven bills will 
be laid before you, some of them in their nature serious 
enough, and some still more serious, as indicating the 
complexion that the state of society in the County 
Clare has of late assumed. I say of late, because 
traditions of lawlessness have existed in this county for 
a long period of time that cannot, with any degree of 
accuracy or justice, be attributed to recent causes. 
But still, I must say that the picture that the returns 
made by the Constabulary of the state of crime in the 
county at present, to my mind shows a state of lawless- 
ness exceeding in amount^far exceeding in amount — 
that which has come under your notice or mine in past 
time, and destined, I fear, unless checked by some 
vigorous hand, to increase. I have come to know that 
the state of this county of late has engaged the atten- 
tion of a body corresponding, I suppose, exactly to 
your own class — the magistrates of the County of 
Clare all having a deep interest in the prosperity, 
industry, and happiness of this county, all well 
acquainted with its condition, and having the means 
of judging, which local information can alone supply, 
of the cause of this state of things. Therefore, it be- 
comes unnecessary for me, and, perhaps, because of 
the duty 1 have to perform at this assizes, it is not de- 
sirable for me to enter into any great detail by way of 
explanation of this state of things. The facts are all 
known to yourselves. You know there is no security 
for life in this county. You know that property is not 
secure^ any more than life ; you kno-w that a system of 
intimidation exists that is carried into all the relations 
of private and domestic life, carried into all the relations 
that arise out of trade and every kind of occupation, 
and unless some power intervenes of greater efficiency 
than mere judicial statement or exposition, I cannot 
but foresee that the evil will go on increasing. There 
are 117 cases reported to the Lonstabulary since the 
Hummer Assizes last year. The number is slightly less 
than that reported for the corresponding period of la^t 
year. But, so far as my information leads me to 
know, the total of crime is distributed nearly equally 
over the whole period of the year, and it will not be 
accurate to attribute it to any change that has recently 
been made affecting the administration of the law. I 
do not undertake to state what will be the effect in 
future of any such changes, and at present I do not 
consider it advisable to make any special reference to 
that subject. As 1 have already said, beyond these 
general observations, I do not consider it desirable in 
the interest of the law and the administration of justice, 
^nd, having regard to the nature of the duty 1 have 



to perform, to make a further observation to you 
regarding the state of this county. — Daily Express, 
28th February, 1893. 

JURIES REFUSING TO CONVICT. 
Mr. Justice O'Brien entered the court this morning 
at 10.30, and resumed the criminal business of the 
present Assizes. When the criminal business of the 
Assizes was concluded, his lordship said — I refrained 
from making any allusion to ceiLain matters dealing 
with the administration of the law in this county when 
speaking to the Grand Jury, because I did not wish in 
any degree to anticipate what might happen or be 
supposed to wish to influence the result of the legal 
proceedings here, but I consider it my duty now to 
draw the attention of those who are charged with the 
maintenance of the law and the preservation of life and 
property and all civil society, to the result of the pre- 
sent assizes, which is that no kind of security any 
longer exists for property, for the person, or hfe, so far 
as it depends on the law in the County of Clare. Seven 
cases have been tried before me, representing an in- 
finitesimal part of the crime that has been committed, 
and with the uniform result that the law has entirely 
failed to bring the offenders to justice, in spite of 
every means that vigilance and care and zeal could 
use to attain that result. Every kind of argument 
and appeal has been made to the jurors, made with 
zeal and earnestness by the court itself, to their 
reason, to their consciences, to their sense of self- 
respect and of the common interests of the whole 
community, to their sense of moral obligations, 
if such a thing remains, and without the least 
result. I do not know of myself what is really 
the cause of, or what has led to, that state of things. 
I could hardly suppose the population of this county, 
or the class from which jurors are taken, are devoid 
altogether of moral sense, of integrity or propriety, and 
they are certainly not devoid of intelligence, as an ex- 
planation of what happened, and I am constrained to 
arrive at the conclusion that it is owing to a certain system 
of intimidation, degenerating every single relation and 
the whole framework of society in this county, and 
directed to defeat the administration of the law. It 
has reached the jury box, it has reached the witness 
box, it has reached this court, and here, with open 
audacity, machinery for the object of false evidence 
has been exhibited in my own presence, and I under- 
stand, and I have reason to know, that even outside 
means are in use to defeat the result of the law. Even 
when the Law has succeeded means have been taken 
by arrangement and by organisation for the payment 
of fines inflicted for violation of the law to prevent 
success attending it. In mercy to the jury themselves, 
to those men who, as I have seen in this court, stand 
between terrorism and their consciences, although they 
have exhibited, to their humiliation, their violation of 
their duty and of their oaths — in mercy, then, to that 
class, and for the sake of security of property and life 
in this county, which are not any longer secure, some 
means must be found, and I trust will be found, to 
remove the administration of the criminal law entirely 
out of this county. 

His lordship's remarks produced a deep sensation 
in court, and on ceasing to speak he declared the 
assizes adjourned, 



KOTES FROM IRELAND. 



•T87 



THE PRIEST IN POLITICS. 



SUPPLIES TO BE STOPPED. 
Mk. Patrick O'Brien, Ex-M.P., speaking at 
Trim, on Sunday, 26th February, expounded the 
latest Parnellite operation. It is not hold the 
rent : but hold the dues this time : — 

When the priests (said Mr. O' Brien), went against them 
in political matters the people had a right to put their 
money in their pockets, and let those for whom the 
clergy worked pay them. (Applause). The dues of 
the church should not be applied to the hiring of 
mobs to break the heads of the people who subscribed 
that money. Those moneys had also bean used in 
the launching of the National Pnss, and in running Mr. 
Fulham and rendering the petition necessary. Now, 
it was alleged that the priests would leave Mr. Fulham 
in the lurch to be dealt with as the Courts might 
decide if it came to that. He did not believe the 
priests would suffer much through the stopping of 
supplies for 'a year or two. There was hardly a priest 
who had not 

A RESPECTABLE BANK ACCOUNT. 
There was not a bishop in Ireland who had not 
control of large public funds. In that diocese recently 
a priest died and it was rumoured that he was worth 
_;^,4o,ooo. It was positively shocking to think that in 
this poor country a priest should die worth that money 
with poverty broadcast over the land ; and the bishop 
who would hoard up that amount of wealth and saw 
poverty all round him was not a worthy follower of the 
law of the Great Master, who, with the poor fishermen, 
trod barefooted over the world preaching Christianity. 
Dr. Croke knew of the Stop Thief articles, and said 
that for his part he would never be a party to any 
public fund collected with the authority of Mr. Parnell 
that would not be publicly accounted for. 'He would 
remind Dr. Croke that every halfpenny dropped into 
the boxes 

AT THE CHAPEL DOOR 
was a public fund, and had as good a right to be ac- 
counted for as any other. He would like to know if 
any man knew what was the income of any priest in 
Meath, or was there a man who knew what amount of 
funds were held by the archbishops and bishops in the 
country. It was a matter of common knowledge that 
a good deal of the money went into the hands of the 
people who went and grabbed the lands of their 
neighbours. He had come across an instance there 
of a man who grabbed the farm of a poor 
widow with money supplied by his brother, 
who was a priest. (Shame.) It would have 
been well for that poor widow if the people had been 
more sparing of their money. (Hear, hear.) It was a 
serious question for them to consider whether they 
should pay money to priests who had brow-beaten 
them at Parliamentary elections. When the priests 
went into the streets with blackthorn sticks, and beat 
the heads of men who were as well bred and as good 
as themselves, because they were 

SAFEGUARDED BY THEIR ROMAN COLLAKS 
they proved themselves to be the worst form of 
cowards. If the people were not Roman Catholics 
the priests would be tame enough, for they would get 



a Roland for their Oliver. (Hear, hear.) He agreed 
with the pronouncement of Cardinal Manning that the 
Church in England was pure because it was poor. 
The Cardinal had set a good example, and died worth 
only ^100. They had to-day ircu'ce as many priests in 
Ireland as they had in 1 846, when the population was 
double what it is now, and they were everywhere 
building churches but no mills or factories for the 
people. They were perfectly justified in limiting the 
supplies when they knew they were being used for 
political purposes, and if the priests desired to divide 
their parishes into two parties, and take sides with the 
Whigs, the Whigs should support them. (Applause.) 
— Independent^ 27th February, 1893. 



THE MILITARY SOCIETY AND THE 
QUESTION OP THE HOUR, 



On Friday, the 24th February, Mr. Thomas 
Miller Maguire, M.A., LL.D., attended from 
London to deliver a lecture before the Military 
Society of Ireland, at Earlsfort Terrace, Dublin. 
Lord Wolseley presided, and nearly every officer 
in the garrison was present. The subject of the 
lecture was, " Military Strategy, as illustrated by 
the incidents of the War of the 1-ederal against 
the Confederate States of North America." As 
the learned lecturer pointed out — 

It was not to vindicate the cause of the slaves that 
President Lincoln lavished the wealth of half a million 
lives, and hundreds of millions of British currency. 
There was a weightier principle underlying. It was to 
maintain the United States a united power in the 
nations of the earth, and not an aggregation of petty 
states, united by no poUtical tie save that of local con- 
tiguity ; to save his great nation from being split up 
into a number of separate and independent states, such 
as those of South America, whose constantly recurring 
revolutions are a positive disgrace to modern civiliza- 
tion. 

Dr. Maguire, in concluding his lecture, and his 
words were greeted with loud applause by about 
two hundred officers of the British army, said : — 

Even as the Northern States sacrificed blood and 
money, and peace and commerce to the Cnion, so we 
should strain every nerve to maintain a still more 
venerable and glorious Empire. 

In closing the discussion which followed, Lord 
Wolseley, commenting upon this, said : — 

Members of a great Nation hke the United States 
would feel as strongly as President Lincoln and his 
advisers, on the necessity of maintaining the Union. 
The conflict was a bitter one, and the feelings of a 
great many present may have been e.xcited by it at the 
time, but now that those feelings had time to cool, he 
thought they would agree with him that, apart from the 
cause of the fight being connected with the slavery 
question, they would, any of them, if they had been 
citizens of the United States, have fought to maintain 
the integrity of that great Empire, tie agreed with the 
lecturer that one of the lessons of the war was that we 
also, coiite que coute, should be always ready to maintain 
the integrity of our State. 



68 



KOTES FROM IRELAXD. 



IRISH SECURITIES AND HOME 
RULE. 



A WRITER in the Financial Neivs says : — 

An attempt has been made in a partizan journal to 
show that the heavy fall in Bank of Ireland stock is not 
in any way due to political influences. Few people, 
however, outside of those who are blinded by Home 
Rule passion, will be so green as to swallow the argu- 
ments of the journal in question. Because Bank of 
England stock has fallen in previous years, why should 
it not do so again, is the sum of the reasoning by which 
we are asked to account for a fall of over i8 points in 
four days. It is quite true that last year there was a 
temporary decline owing to the re-arrangement of the 
terms for conducting the Government business, and it 
was the foreshadowing of such an arrangement in 
1 888, when Mr. Goschen's scheme for converting 
Consols was propounded, that caused a sharp relapse 
in the stocks of both the Bank of England and the 
Bank of Ireland. From the highest point of 330 
Bank of England stock fell to 303, and the Bank of 
Ireland from 310 to 280. When it was found that no 
immediate change was proposed in the rate of interest 
to be paid by the Government to the banks, there was 
a speedy recovery, and it was only in June last that 
there was again a temporary fall when the new arrange- 
ment was made. Now, what is sauce for the goose is 
sauce for the gander, and it having been found that 
the reduction in the interest paid by the Government 
has, so far, caused no appreciable difterence in the 
earnings, we find iiank of England stock standing at 
342 — within a point or two of the highest price ever 
touched, and 10 points above the jjest quotation of 
1888. Unless, then, there are any special reason-, 
■we ought to find Bank of Ireland stock also quoted 
near the top. The dividends of the Bank of Ireland 
have steadily improved from lOj per cent, in 1886 to 
II per cent, in 1890, 1891, and 1892. On Januar)', 
1893, the stock was quoted 318:^ ex. div. of 5|, equi- 
valent to about the top point reached in 1891 or 
1892. 

Having noted these facts, the Financial News 
adds : — 

The plain fact is that the movements of the B.ank 
of Ireland Stock are a political barometer, and point 
to the anxiety of capitalists lest the Home Rule Bill 
should become law. 

The same journal, dealing with the Irish incident 
of the past few days, and with what may further 
happen, continues to explain that — 

It is not only in the stock of the Bank of Ireland that 
selling has begun. The railway stocks are falling, and, 
in particular, that of the Great Northern, which runs 
from Dublin to Belfast. Take up the Freeman's 
Journal for the last three or four days, and you will 
find in the money article these expressions : On 
February 20th — " Home Rails were decidedly flat, 
Great Northern was freely offered ; " on February 22nd, 
" Home Rails were depressed, especially Great 
Northern which fell 2." Yesterday this stock again fell 
2, and Guinness fell 10, What is the explanation, if 
it be not the dread of Home Rule? 1 he Great 
Northern Railway is the London and North- Western 
-of Ireland, and yet we hear of a block of stock being 



hawked about in London recently without being able 
to find a purchaser at anywhere near the market quo- 
tation. Then, again, why has Guinness suddenly 
broken away ? The dividend has been duly declared 
at the usual rate, and there is no known reason for the 
desire to realise which the fall implies, unless it be 
Home Rule. Of course, the would-be sellers may be 
acting very foolishly under a perfectly unreasonable 
scare ; but there is the fact that the moneyed classes are 
evidently seeking to remove their money from Irish 
securities, and it is idle to attempt to deny it. We 
need hardly point out what a serious matter this is for 
the future of Ireland. It is the want of capital which 
has been the main factor in keeping the country back 
for many years. In Ulster alone can commercial 
prosperity and industrial activity be found. And now 
there is every symptom that the capital which has 
rendered Ulster prosperous is likely to be removed 
altogether from the country. 

Closing its article with a more general reference, the 
News writes thus: — "Suppose that Sir Edward 
Harland were to transfer his great ship-building works 
to iMilford, or somewhere else, as he is reported to 
have the intention of doing if the Home Rule Bill 
becomes law, what would that mean ? It would mean 
that thousands who make their living, directly or 
indirectly through his works would find their means of 
subsistence gone. The skilled workmen might move 
with their master ; but the farmers and trades- 
people, who have no longer any clientele to supply — 
what would they do ? We have mentioned Sir Edward 
Harland, but he is only one of a number ; and it is here 
that the gravity of the situation lies. However good 
their intentions, and however well carried out by the 
new Irish Executive, there is the very real danger that 
the wealthy, the wage-paying and labour-employing 
classes— the backbone of the country — will remove 
themselves and their capital the moment Home Rule 
appears assured. When once capital is frightened, it 
takes a long time for it to recover confidence, and 
without capital the condition of Ireland will be too 
pitiable for words. We have only to note the com- 
mencement of distrust as shown by the heavy reahsations 
of Irish securities. It is a sad but remarkable comment 
on the faith which those who have anything to lose 
place in their future rulers should Home Rule become 
an actuality." 



Sir James H. Haslett (one of the largest merchants 
in Belfast), from the chair of a meeting m West Belfast, 
on February 27th, alluded to the depression of Irish 
Stocks since the introduction of the Home Rule Bill, 
and cited some important facts, which we here sum- 
marise :— 







Price 


Price 




Stock. 


Amount. 


Feb. 
13th. 


Feb. 
25th. 


Deprecia- 
■ tion. 




£ 






£ 


Gt. Northern Railway 


3.469.117 


I42i 


'30 


329 564 


Great S. & W. Railway 


4.970,455 


119 


112 


217.459 


Mid. Gt. Western Ry. 


2,370,000 


104 


95 


154,050 


Belfast & Northern Ry. 


815.939 


124 


117 


34.722 


Belfast & t;o. Down Ry. 


295 950 


'43 


140 


8,878 


Guinness' Brewery 


1,700,230 


344 


3'o 


476,000 


Bank of Ireland 


2,769,230 


3i7i 


30'^ 


443.077 


Ulster Bank 


450,000 


loi 


9i 


160,000 



12 days net loss in Irish Stocks 



£'■^23.7^0 



yOTES FROM IBELAND. 



69 



A DIURNAL 

OF EVENTS RELATING TO IRELAND. 



February 22.— Mr. John Dillon, 
M.P., presiding at mseting ol National 
Federation in Dublin, said : " The five 
millions of Irish Revenue, now spent by 
the Castle of Dublin, under the Bill as 
it stands is proposed to be handed over 
to the free distribution of the Irish 
representatives. It is now largely spent 
in corrupting the people of Ireland. 
There is a million and a half spent on 
a bloated police force for the purpose of 

e.\terniinatiug our people I 

can promise if a Home Rule Bill should 
once be passed, and a National Govern- 
ment installed in this city, the eviction 
and oppression of the farmers of Ireland 
would immediately come to an imme- 
diate end." 

— In the House of Commons the 
Places of Worship Enfranchisement Bill 
was read a second time without a divi- 
sion. Mr. Labouchere brought in a Bill 
to secure to Members of the Commons 
House of Parliament payment for their 
parliamentary services. It was read a 
first time. 

23. — The Queen's Bench Division 
unanimously refused to grant the appli- 
cation of the Crown for a Huiiulamus to 
compel Mr. S. O'Crady-Hutchmson to 
act as Sheriff' of the Queen's County, and 
Mr. Gerrard to act as Sheriff of Cavan. 
These gentlemen had been appointed by 
the Lord Lieutenant, and had refused to 
act. Mr. Justice Harrison said they felt 
obliged to pause before they applied 
what would be a new remedy, so far as 
their inquiries enabled them to judge. 
The duties of the Sherirt were onerous, 
and owing to circumstances which he 
need not refer to the means by which 
gentlemen had been enabled to discharge 
the high functions of their ollice had 
been very much crippled. A writ of 
mandamus would not be quicker than the 
summary remedy by information. If, 
therefore, the Crown thought they had 
a case against these respectable gentle- 
men, let them take the proper course. 

— The Standing Committee of the 
General Synod of the Protestant Church 
of Ireland met to protest without delay 
(pending the meeting of file Cleneral 
Syiiod on the nth April) against the 
measure which has just been introduced 
into the House of Commons. A Sub- 
Committee was appointed to obtain sig- 
natures to the resolution passed at the 
meeting, or to a petition based thereon, 
and to prepare resolutions for the 
General Synod. 

— In the House of Commons Mr. 
Asquith introduced the Welsh Church 
Suspensory Bill, and said that he was 
undoubtedly asking the House to take 
the first step towards the disestablisli- 
ment and disendowment of the Church 
in Wales. Lord R. Churchill said the 
Home Secretary in introducing the Bill 
had said that the Welsh Members cared 
more for disestabUshment than for Home 
Kiile. That threw some doubt on the 



ministerial suggestion that the country 
at the last election pronounced in favour 
of Home Rule, and the Opposition would 
in future make the best possible use of 
it. The object of introducing the Bill 
was to secure votes for the Irish policy 
of the Government. For that they were 
prepared to sacrifice everything, to 
abandon all former opinions, and to 
violate all former pledges. It would be 
the duty of the Tory Party, while resist- 
ing this Bill, to make clear to the 
country the iniquitous nature of the 
resources to which the Liberal Party 
were now resorting to carry out their 
politically infamous aims. Leave was 
given to bring in the Bill, and it was 
read a first time. 

24.-Mr. J. F. Ilogan (McCarthyite) 
returned for .\Iid-Tipperary without 
opposition in room of Air. M'Carthy, 
deceased. 

— Mr. Lawson (L. ) returned for Cir- 
encester. Result of polling — Lawson 
(L.), 4.6S7 ; Master (C), 4,445 ; majority, 
242. The polling in July, 1S92, was ; — 

Mr. Winterbotham (G.) 4237 

Col. Ch.;stei' Mailer tC ) 4^54 

At the election in October, 1892, there 
was a Conservative majority of three, 
but on a scrutiny by the election judges 
it was stated that the number of votes 
for each candidate was the same, and 
the election was declared void. 

— Mr. .Allen (L.) returned for Gates- 
head to fill vacancy caused by the suc- 
cession of the Hon. W. A. James (L.) to 
the peerage. Result of poUing— Allen 
(L.), 5,434; Rail! (C), 5,566 ; majority, 
86S. The polling at the General Elec- 
tion was : — 

Jamss (L) 5336 

Halil (C ) 5043 

^lajority 293 

— A number of meetings held in Bel- 
fast relative to proposed Home Rule 
Bill. The meeting of the E.^ecutive 
Committee of the Ulster Convention 
League was presided over by Viscount 1 
Templetown, and the resolutions of the 
Convention were reaffirmed. It was 
decided to hold meetings in every polling 
district in Ulster, and that from each 
meeting a petition against the Bill be 
forwarded to the respective representa- 
tives in Parliament for presentation 
there. 

25 — Mr. Johnston (C.) returned for the 
Horsham Division of Susse.x in place of 
Sir H. Barttelot, deceased. Result of 
polling — Johnston (C), 4,150 ; VVilberforce 
(G), 2,656; majority, 1,484. The pollings 
at previous elections were as follows : — 

1S85. 1886. 

Barttelot (C.) 4483 Barttelot (C), unop- 
Bairovs- (L.) 2468 posed. 



— The .\rchbishop of Cashel writes to 
the Freeman remonstrating against hold- 



ing two Conventions in Dublin, one of 
McCarthyites on 8th of March, and 
one of Redmondites on 9th March. 
He concludes his letter — " If this is done, 
instead of having as I suggest only one 
Convention, embracing all shades of 
Nationalists, the Irish ' Situation ' may 
well be deemed ridiculous indeed." 

27. — Mr. Justice O'Brien opened the 
Clare Spring Assizes at Ennis, and ad- 
dressing the Grand Jury said : " The 
bills which will be laid before you are — 
some of them— in their nature serious 
enough, and still more serious as indica- 
ting the complexion that the state of 
society in the County Clare has of late 
assumed. I would say of late, because 
traditions of lawlessness have existed in 
this county for a long period of time that 
cannot, with any degree of accuracy or 
justice, be attributed to recent causes. 
Hut the returns made by the Constabu- 
lary show a state of lawlessness far 
exceeding in amount that which has 
come under your notice or my experience 
in past times, and destined, unless 
checked by some vigorous hand, to in- 
crease. . . . You know there is no 
security for life in this county ; that 
property is not secure any more than 
life. A system of intimidation exists 
that is carried into all the relations of 
private and domestic life, into all the 
relations that arise out of trade and every 
kind of occupation, and unless some 
power intervenes of greater efficiency 
than mere judicial statement or exposi- 
tion, I cannot but foresee that the evil 
will go on increasing." 

— Large demonstration of Belfast 
Unionists. Sir James Haslett presided. 
He said that between t^bruary 13th 
and 25th Irish stocks had depreciated 
;f 18.457,504. In no case had Irish 
securities advanced since the introduc- 
tion of the Home Kule Bill. Resolutions 
were passed protesting against any 
separate legislature for Ireland. 

— Council of Chamber of Commerce, 
Dublin, passed resolution unanimously 
protesting against Government of Ireland 
tiill, 1S93. 

— Meath Grand Jury passed resolu- 
tion condemning Home Rule Bill. 

— In the House of Commons ques- 
tions were put regarding the Evicted 
Tenants' Commission. In reply to Mr. 
Carson Sir J. Hibbert said the cost of 
the Commission was about ^^2,170. Dr. 
Hunter moved, as an amendment to Mr. 
Gladstone's motion providing morning 
sittings for the facilitating of Govern- 
ment business, that the Prime Minister's 
resolution be so altered as to enable the 
House to secure a debate upon the 
Railway Rates question on the 14th 
March. The amendment was rejected 
by 276 votes to 245 — majority, 31. Sir 
\V. Harcourt introduced a Bill for Con- 
trolling the Liquor Traffic, and it was 
read a first time. Among the provisions 
of the measure are the conferring of 



70 



KOTES FR03I IBELAKD. 



powers on the ratepayers to enforce 
Sunday Closing and to veto the granting 
of licenses. Mr. T. W. Russell said he* 
would support the first and second read- 
ing of the Bill, because it contained a 
principle for which he had long con- 
tended. The measure does not extend 
to Ireland. 

— ■ Letter appears from E. P. Culver- 
well, M.A,, F.T.C.D., iu which he states 
that plain men desiring to live under 
just laws must now work to secure their 
political existence as citizens. He says 
there are upwards of 400,000 Loyalists 
in the Southern Provinces, and that if 
each of these contributed at the rate of 
sixpence per head ho could tell the Ex- 
ecutive (Jommittee of the Unionist 
Alliance that £15,000 had been con- 
tributed, and that he hoped in a week to 
get another .£10,000. 

28. — At the Meath Assizes, before 
Mr. Justice Johnson, the Rev. P. Clarke, 
C.C., was charged with having assaulted 
Owen Reilly during the Meath Election 
iu July last. Reilly said Father tlarke 
should be ashamed of himself to head 
mobs against the people, and on his 
refusal to withdraw the words Father 
Clarke gave him a slap on the side of 
the face, and he fell The jury found 
the defendant guilty of common assault, 
and he was allowed out on his own 
recognizance lo come up for judgment 
when called upon. 

— Grand Juries of Louth, Meath, and 
King's County passed resolutions con- 
demning Home Rule Bill. 

— At weekly meeting in London of 
Irish Unionist peers and Members of 
Parliament it was unanimously resolved 
that the important and opportune move- 
ment initiated by i\Ir. Culverwell is 
worthy of the strongest support of those 
interested in the maintenance of the 
Union. 

— Largely attended meetings of the 
Executive Committee of the Irish 
Unionist Alliance held in DubUn. De- 



monstration arranged to be held in 
Leinster Hall on 15th March. 

— Monster meeting of merchants and 
ratepayers held in Belfast, presided over 
by the Lord Mayor, and series of resolu- 
tions passed pledging them to do their 
utmost to prevent Bill from becoming 
law. 

— In the House of Commons Sir 
Mesey Thompson moved a resolution in 
favour of bimetallism. Mr. Gladstone 
opposed the motion, and it was defeated 
by 229 votes to 14S. 

March 1. — ^The following appears 
under the heading of " Money and Com- 
merce" in this day's Irish Times, viz.: — 
" The depreciatioQ in some of the leading 
securities lately, as has been pointed out 
in this column, is very serious. Take 
for instance, Bank of Ireland Stock, 
which recently stood over 325, and was 
to-day dealt in as low as 292, a fresh 
decline on the day, by the way, of S 
points. This represents a fall of £;ii on 
each ^100 stock, or a shrinkage oi as 
nearly as possible ;ft, 000,000 in the 
market value within a few weeks, so that 
the shake to public confidence by the 
present political situation has already 
cost the stockholders of the Bank of 
Ireland alone this enormous sum in 
depreciation." 

— Judge O'Brien, before adjourning 
the County Llare Assizes, said he con- 
sidered it his duty to draw the attentio.i 
of those charged with the maintenance 
of the law and the preservation of life 
and property, to the result of the present 
assizes, which is, that no kind of security 
any longer exists for property, for the 
person or life so far as it depends on the 
law in the County of Clare. Seven cases 
have been tried, representing an infini- 
tesimal part of the crime that has been 
committed, with the uniform result that 
the law has entirely failed to bring the 
offenders to justice. Towards the close 
of his remarks his lordship said that in 
mercy to the jury themselves, to those 
men who, as he had seen, stand between 
terrorism and their consciences— in 



mercy to that class, and for the sake 01 
the security of property and life, some 
means must be found, and he trusted 
would be found, to remove the adminis- 
tration of the law entirely out of the 
country. 

— In the House of Commons Lord 
F. Hamilton moved the second reading 
of the National liducation (Ireland) Bill. 
He said the object of the Hill was to 
enable any of the representatives of the 
religious minorities in Ireland, if a 
measure passed the National Board of 
Education, to appeal to the Lord Lieu- 
tenant in respect of any rule they might 
fear would be injurious, and that then 
the rule would have to receive the assent 
of the House liefore it passed. Mr. Sexton 
opposed the Bill. Mr. T. W. Russell said 
it was not too much to demand that if 
the fundamental principle of the present 
system was to be altered at all, the 
House should have something to say 
about it, and that was all the Bill asked 
for. The Protestant minority had a 
right to the security which this Bill 
would afford ; that no change should 
take place until it had been brought 
under the cognizance of Parliament, and 
he hoped the House would not refuse it. 
Lord R. Churchill was oppo.sed to the 
Bill, and praised the education imparted 
by the Christian Brothers ; and Mr. 
Morley having spoken against the Bill, 
the House divided, when there were — 
For the second reading, i65 ; against, 
247 ; majority, 81, 

— At meeting of National League in 
Cork, Alderman O Brien occupied the 
chair, and, in the course of his remarks, 
said : — " The Parliament which was 
offered to the Irish people simply made 
them constables to collect revenues to 
aid and enrich England. He would 
rather see a Coercion Bill passed to- 
morrow than see Ireland's representa- 
tives agree to the Bill as it was placed 
before them, because with coercion they 
seemed to thrive and prosper during the 
past ten years. Under the coercion of 
1S91 they got larger reductions for the 
tenantry." 



STOCKPORT. 



Freeman's Journal, 22nd 

February. 
Mr. Blake's appeal to 
the Liberals of Stockport 
to be true to the Home 
Rule aUiance, and vote for 
a true union between Great 
Britain and Ireland, will, 
we hope, be answered to- 
day in a way that will 
strengthen the cause of 
conciliation, and give new 
vigour and determination 
to its friends. 



The Daily Neit's, 23rd 

February. 

The Conservatives have 
succeeded in keeping the 
seat at Stockport by an 
increased majority. As 
at the other by-elections, 
the poll at Stockport shows 
a considerable mcrease, 
which has, unfortunately, 
gone to the Conservative 
candidate. Major Sharp 
Hume has polled 77 votes 
fewer than he received last 
year, and Mr. Whiteley 
received 278 more than 
had been polled by Mr. 
Jennings. 



BANKRUPT IN THREE YEARS. 



Mk. Pierce Mahonv, speaking in Dublin after 
his return from Meath, on February 22nd, refer- 
ring to the Home Rule Bill, said :— 

'• I defy the 7 1 sheep who follow their English 
shepherd to accept in Ireland's name the present Home 
Rule Bill When it has to be accepted by Ireland it 
will have to be accepted by the Independent nien of 
Ireland. (Cheers). If the present measure passed, your 
Parliament sitting over there would be bankrupt in less 
than three years. We are not going to set up a sham 
which cannot last and which cannot do for Ireland 
that which Ireland will e.xpect it to do. Better, far 
better, to fight on, so that when we regain our rights as 
a nation our Parliament may be able to do that which 
the vast mass of the Irish people will call upon and 
require their Parliament to do it.'' (Cheers). — Inde- 
pendent, 23rd Fclr.iary, 1893. 



XOTES FROM lUEl^AMJ. 



THE ROYAL IRISH 
CONSTABULARY. 



The force whose existence is thus threatened is 
admittedly, in physique, intelligence, organization, 
strength, and equipment, the finest police in the world. 
It is a mistake to suppose that the constabulary is 
unpopular in Ireland. In times of great political 
excitement we, undoubtedly, hear bad things said of it 
by both sides in the national quarrel of Orange and 
Green, which unhappily distracts and disturbs the 
sister island. But these rancorous poUtical ebullitions 
apart, the constabulary is well liked in Ireland. During 
the Land League agitation, the "' Ladies' League " 
issued a proclamation " boycotting " the members of 
the constabulary, even in love affairs ; advising the girls 
not to marry them, not to encourage them as suitors ; 
nor, indeed, to talk with them, or show them any 
countenance whatever. The ukase fell flat. Irish 
girls, as a rule, look upon members of the constabulary 
as most eligible " matches " ; and no wonder, indeed, 
for they are all able-bodied young fellows, they are 
well paid, their positions are — or were, until this 
precious Bill was introduced — secure ; promotion is 
rapid, and hberal pensions are allowed after a certain 
number of years service. 

COMPOSITION. 

The force now consists of 12,000 drilled and 
disciplined men, armed with rifle, bayonet, revolver, 
and baton. It is, certainly, a very large police force 
for a country the population of which, roughly speaking, 
only about 4,500,000, but — for reasons we need not 
enter into here — the men have duties to perform that 
do not fall to the lot of poUcemen in other countries, 
and, their great strength notwithstanding, they are fre- 
quently over-worked. The annual cost of the force is 
about a milKon and a half, which is at the rate of five 
or six shillings per head of the population of Ireland, 
but fortunately for the rate-payers of that country the 
money comes out of the Imperial purse. 

'I he force is recruited almost entirely from the 
rural population, the overwhelming majority of the 
men being the sons of small farmers. The age for 
admission into the ranks is 19 years, and the minimum 
height 5ft. gin., but the sons of members of the force 
are accepted an inch lower in stature. The head or 
chief of the constabulary is known as the Inspector- 
General, who resides at the depot, in the Fhcenix 
Park, Dubhn. There are 36 county inspectors in the 
force; 227 district inspectors; 263 head-constables; 
nearly 2,000 sergeants and acting-sergeants; and the 
remainder are constables. Ireland, for constabulary 
purposes, is divided into 35 counties or ridings, 217 
districts, and about 1,540 sub-districts. There are 
besides about 100 huts, and the same number of 
protection posts, which are temporary stations for 
affording personal protection to persons who are 
obnoxious or boycotted. 

THEIR DUTY. 
The men are accommodated in barracks, and 
appear, on or off duty, in a handsome, comfortable, 
and well-made uniform, dark green in colour. They 
go through regular courses of company and battalion 
drill, and every day for at least an hour are instructed 



by their sergeant or senior officer in police duties, 
which are extremely varied. The men go on " beat " 
duty in all the cities, towns, and villages outside 
Dublin (which has its own metropolitan police) ; they 
patrol the roads in the country districts; they are 
detectives and thief catchers ; they are Revenue 
officers, being charged with the suppression of 
" poteen " making, or illicit distillation ; they distribute 
and collect voting papers at elections of Boards of 
Guardians ; they are census enumerators. The 
county-inspector has charge of the county, and is 
responsible for its peace, and for the disciphne and 
effectiveness of the county force under him. He can 
award punishment in petty breaches of discipline, but 
in more serious cases, among which drunkenness is 
about the worst, the accused is dealt with by the 
Inspector-General at head-quarters. Discipline is 
rigidly maintamed, and what in the army would be 
considered trivial, in the Royal Irish Constabulary is 
a grave offence. 

PAY. ■ 
Now as to pay. A constable of six months' service 
receives ^54 a year; every four years a small increase 
is given until ^72 is reached; an acting sergeant 
receives ^^74 a year ; a sergeant ^80, and a head- 
constable ^104. Extra pay is given when men are 
on temporary duty outside the district in which they 
are stationed. The county inspectors receive about 
;2£,7oo a year, including all allowances, and the district 
inspectors receive from ^250 to ;^45o according to 
rank and service. Admission to the ranks of the 
Royal Irish Constabulary is obtained by men who 
satisfy the physical requirements by an easy examina- 
tion in reading, writing, and arithmetic before a county 
inspector. 'I'he candidate is then sent to the depot — 
a large group of buildings and drill ground—in the 
Phcenix I'ark, Dublin, where he undergoes a rigorous 
course of training fur seven or eight months. There 
are always between three and four hundred recruits 
under training at the depot, and it also contains a force 
of two hundred constables in reserve for any emergency 
that may arise in the country. A small portion of the 
force is trained as cavalry, and is known as the Horse 
Constabulary. The cadets, or officers, are principally 
of the middle classes, and before admission to the 
force must pass a pretty stiff Civil Service examination. 
Promotion in the ranks is of two kinds : the ordinary 
sort for efficiency, zeal, and intelligence, which does 
not begin till after seven years' service, and rarely till 
at least ten years' service ; and the special promotion 
for men of over five years' service who pass a Civil 
Service examination. 

AS SHORTHAND WRITERS. 
Within the past twelve years a practical acquain- 
tance with shorthand has obtained the most rapid 
promotion for constables. In the early days of 
the Land League movement the Government was 
able to obtain the services of shorthand writers 
connected with the Conservative Press of Dublin, 
to specially report the speeches at demonstrations ; 
but, after a short experience of the unpleasantness 
and even danger to life and limb of the occupation, 
the newspaper men gave it up. The authorities then 
tried, by the offer of handsome honorariums, to tempt 
shorthand writers from London to undertake the 



NOTES FROM IMELAND. 



work. That also failed. Eventually the services of 
members of the constabulary were brought into 
requisition, with the result that several constables 
having a knowledge of shorthand were promoted to 
take the rank of sergeant, relieved of the ordinary 
police duties, and sent about the country to political 
demonstrations. Since then the study of Pitman has 
become general in the force, and, as the examination 
of the police reporters before the Parnell Commission 
has shown, the ranks contain many capable note- 
takers. Promotion among the officers is almost 
wholly by seniority. Several of the "R.M.'s" or 
resident magistrates, have been officers in the con- 
stabulary. 

PROMOTIONS AND PENSIONS. 
Promotion to officer's rank, namely, district -inspector, 
is not unfrequent in the case of head constables under 
48 years of age who pass an examination, partly literary 
and partly departmental, before a board of officers. 
These district inspectors are known as " ranliers " in 
the force. After thirty years service a man retires from 
the force on full pay. He may resign at any time on 
giving a month's notice. If a member of the force is 
incapacitated for service, through a malicious injury 
inflicted on him in the discharge of his duty, he gets a 
gratuity — and frequently a very substantial gratuity — 
from the Grand Jury, which is levied on the rate- 
payers of the district in which the assault occurred. 
Constabulary pensioners have little difficulty, if they 
are physically capable, in finding good situations and 
positions of trust and responsibility. — Globe, 21st 
February, 1893. 



WAITING FOE. PLUNDER. 



Under the above head " A rarneliitc " con- 
tributes to the Evening Herald the following 
pretty accurate anticipation of things under Mr. 
Gladstone's College Green assembly : — 

I venture to predict that the M'Carthyite rush for 
first offices will equal in fierce strain and intensity the 
mad dash for seats at Westminster on the day of Mr. 
Gladstone's speech. Perhaps that is why the 
M'Carth)ites are now so eagerly clamouring for the 
present Home Rule Bill in any shape or form. They 
see the almost immediate possiliility of stretching out 
their hands and clutching numerous offices ranging in 
annual value from ;^ 1,500 to ^150. Take a subsi- 
dised M'Carthyite, receiving now ;^ioo or ;^2oo per 
annum, with jjrecarious prospects, from the Federa- 
tion, and dangle before his eyes a Home Rule Govern- 
ment office worth ^400 or ;£s°° or ^Soo per 
annum (and prospects). Is that likely to quicken his 
fancy for the Home Rule Bill, even with many imper- 
fections ? 

Perhaps the picture will be something like this : — 
Executive Committee of Privy Council : — 

Prime Minister and /Secretary 0/ 

Stale .. ... Hfr. Blake (a) i'l.ooo 

Minister of Finance ... Mr. Sexton 800 

Minister of I'ublic Works ... Mr. W. O'Brien {h) 800 

Minister of Agricnlture ... Mr. John Dillon (<-) Soo 

Minister of Education ... Mr. Tim Healy (li) 800 

Post and Telegraphs .„ Mr. Davitt {e) 800 



Local Government 
Lord Chancellor 
Attorney-General 
Solicitor-General 



._ Mr. T. D Sullivan (;■) ^TSoo 
... Rt.Hon.S.Walker(g) 8,000 

5,000 

2,000 

;f20,S00 



Total 

(a.) The eminent Canadian statesman. 
(Ii.) In recognition of ruined Tipperary. 
(f.) Chiefly because of his services to the evicted tenants. 
(d.) As a tribute to polite literature, the Lord Chancellor- 
ship not being vacant. 

{e.) On account of his extensive foreign correspondence. 

(/.) Must get something. 

(g.) For economy's sake cannot be changed. 

Then will follow a host of Under-Secretaryships at 
;^400 (we cannot afford more), and a sufficient num- 
ber of departmental appointments to the extent re- 
quired by members of the .M'Carthyite Party now in 
Parliament, raising the total from ^^ 2 0,800 to at least 
_;{^3o,ooo per annum. 

Now, are not the spoils which the M'Carthyite 
Party have in view worth fighting for ? 

But another point arises. It has not been touched 
before in these Home Rule controversies. Each of the 
Ministers named above if fired out of office at any 
future time will be entitled to draw an allowance — 
something resembling a pension — for the remainder of 
his hfe. Accordingly the M'Carthyites are fighting now 
to become pensioners for hfe on their native country. 
WHO ARE THESE MEN? 

Again these men will have unchecked control, 
constituting the Executive Government, over all the 
Parnellites in the country. The Veto, of which so 
much is said, affects only legislation. In executive 
action the Irish (jovernment will be supreme. If 
Parnellites are the victims of injustice or suffer ill- 
treatment, no satisfaction, ])robably, would be obtained 
from the M'Carthyite Minister in power. 

Now I want to know are Parnellites going to submit 
to this, or to the possibility of it? 

The men I have named will have the unfettered 
expenditure of five or six millions of the public revenue. 
Why, as Mr. Parnell said, they were such imbeciles 
they made a mess of New Tipperary. And they are to 
have the entire government and financial expenditure in 
Ireland ! 

Are Parnellites going to submit to that 1 

Is it not time that we began to demand safeguards 
in this Bill against oppression ? 

THE ILLITERATES AND PRIESTS. 

Is Ireland to be bossed entirely by a party relying 
mainly ontheilliterates and thepriests? And these three 
forces — the M'Carthyite impecunious politicians, the 
priests, and the illiterates, to govern Ireland, and to 
carve out the civil list of salaries amongst themselves, 
and to lord it over 100,000 Parnellites who are free 
and independent men. 

]f that is the game, the Liberal Governme'nt may 
make up their minds to see squalls in Ireland. The 
Bill which does not guarantee the Parnellites a share 
in the Government to an e.xtent that will secure the 
Independent men of Ireland from being operated on 
in the spirit of the vindictive speeches that have been 
delivered against us by the Dillons and the O'Briens 
and the Healys and the D.avitts will not long prevail 
against Parnellite indignation and resistance. 



Published by the Irish Unionist Alliance, at tlieir Dublin Offices, 109 
Graftoa Street, and lioudon Offices, 26 Palace Chambers, Westminster, S.liV. 



NOTES FROM IRELAND 

*^* A Record of the sayings and doings of the Home Rule Parties in the furtherance of their " Separatist" Policy 
for Ireland ; and of facts connected with the country. For the information of the Imperial Parliament., tlie Press^ 

and the Public ^enci-aliy. 



No. 10.— Vol. 1.— New Series. Hth MARCH, 1893. 



Price Id. 



©onteuts. PAGE 

IkELAND IK THE MAROH REVIEWS — RECENT PUBLICA- 
TIONS Relating to Ireland —The Land Market — 
The North Meath Election ... ... ... 73 

Mr. 1'itt's Speech on the Union — The Throttle 

Valve OK Crime ... ... ... ... 74 

Ireland Under Mr. Morlet ... ... ... 75 

(jiviL Bill Decrees and Night Seizures— The "Irish 
Catholic " ON THE Unionists— Irlshmen Leaving 
the Country — Guardians of the Period ... 76 

A DrcRN.AL ... ... ... ... ... 77 

Canon Doyle on the Parnellites ... ... ... 78 

Li.MERicK— The Sick AT Evictions ... ... ... 79 

Patrick Ford and the Wesleyans — County Clare — 

The Fall in Irish Securities ... ... ... 80 



IRELAND IN THE MARCH 
REVIEWS. 



Blackwood's Magazine. " The Home Rule Bubble 

— The late Lord Bradbourne." By Rev. W. 

K. R. Bedford. 
Contemporary Review. " Notes on the Home Rule 

Bill." (i ) Clause Nine, by Frederick Harrison ; 

(2) The Mutual Safeguards, by J. E. Redmond, 

M.P. ; (3) Home Rule in Croatia, by Donald 

Crawford, M.P. 
Fortnightly Review. "American Sidelights on 

Home Rule." By T. \V. Russell, M.P, 
National Review. " The Bill of Wrongs." 
Nineteenth Century. " The Home Rule Bill." By 

Justin McCarthy, M.P., and Thomas Sexton, 

M.P. 

RECENT PUBLICATIONS RELATING 
TO IRELAND. 



Notes on the Bill. A weekly record of points 
from Parliament, Press and Platform. A brief 
for the Opposition with index. First issue iSth 
February. Foolscap foho, 60 pages, is., post 
free is. 3d. At least ten copies will be issued 
complete for izs. 6d. Irish Unionist Alliance. 

THE LAND MARKET. 



Messrs. Doyle, Auctioneers, Athy, disposed of 
a farm belonging to James AJurphy, at Ballyfo}'le, 
Queen's Co., containing 20 Irish acres, to Mr. 
Thomas Connelly for .;^i9o, notwithstanding the dull 
times and low prices. — Nationalist and Leinster 
Times, 25 th February, 1893. 



Messrs. .Marsh and Sons on yesterday disposed of 
by auction the interest in part of the lands of Clogheen, 
Cork, situate about a mile and alialf from the city, 
containing 63 acres, all in grass, subject to the yearly 
rent of ;!{^ 1 20. The sale attracted a large number of 
people, and brisk bidding ensued bftween bidders ; 
^350 was the figure at which Mr. Thomas Bourke, 
Arrery Hill, was declared the purchaser. Mr. Robert 
Dnyos, solicitor, had carriage of the sale.— CV/'/i 
Herald., 3rd March, 1893. 



On Thursday last, the 2nd inst., .Messrs. Thomas 
M'Cabe and Sons, auctioneers, Cork and Bandon, 
sold for the tenant, Rev. W. Lamb, his dairy fariji, at 
Breaghnagh, Desertserges, about 57 acres ; judicial 
rent, ;!^3i; poor law valuation, / 29. A very respect- 
able attendance was present, and after some spirited 
bidding between Messrs. Cornelius Warren, John 
Ryan, Timothy Coffey, and George Qttley, Mr. 
Timothy Coffey was declared the purchaser at jC^TS, 
with auction fees. — Corh Herald, 4th March, 1893. 



THE NORTH MEATH ELECTION. 



North Meath resulted in the return of the 
clerical candidate, Mr. James Gibney, by a 
majority of 258. The total poll reached 5,047, 
being an increase of over 300 on last year's 
return. There were 35 spoiled papers. The 
Independent report states that at Wilkinstovvn, 
where there were two booths — 

" A priest was walking outside with a copy of the 
register. Stationed by a little gateway, he watched in 
a most peculiar way the voters when they came out, 
and nodded when men approached him with a cring- 
ing smile, and awkwardly lifted their hats. One could 
tick off the men who had voted for Gibney by the 
servile manner in which they approached his reverence. 
These men came in batches to the gateway, and had 
apparently been sent in in squads." At Navan Fathers 
M'Namee, Coll, Murray, and Flynn acted as inside 
agents for Mr. Gibney. F'ather Ballacry, the local 
curate, was in one of the two booths at Urumconrath, 
Father Rooney, the parish priest, being actively en- 
gaged outside. Father Flood, of Kingscourt, and 
Father Evered, of Xobber, assisted Father Clarke on 
Mr. Gibney's behalf at Nobber ; at Crossakiel Fathers 
Tiernan, Kilkeen, and Kelly attended to matters. 
Slane booths were surrounded by Father Kelly, P. P., 
Father Gillis, P.P., Father Duffy. C.C, and Father 
Gallagher. At Oldcastle Father Grehan and Father 
Brogan made themselves busy. 



74 



JSiOTES FJZ03I IHELANJJ. 



MR. PITT'S SPEECH ON THE 
UNION. 



House of Commons, 

Monday, April 21st, iSoo. 
UNION WITH IRELAND. 
Mr. Pitt mo\ed the Order of the Day, that the House 
do now resolve itself into a Committee of the whole 
House, to take into consideration His Majesty's Most 
Gracious Alessage, recommending a Union with Ire- 
land. — On the question that the Speaker do now leave 
the chair, the question was then put and carried. — Mr. 
Sylvester Douglas in the chair — Mr. Pitt said the reso- 
lutions which the House had sanctioned by an almost 
unanimous vote, were now recommended to their 
re-consideration. The ground on which those resolu- 
tions ivere founded, and the arguments by which they 
were supported, were sufficiently fresh in the memory 
of gentlemen, so as to preclude the necessity of a 
review of that ground, or a repetition of those argu- 
ments, by which the advantages, expedience and 
necessity of an entiie Union betwi.xt the two kingdoms 
were so clearly exhibited as to leave little more than 
room for congratulation on the prospect of a speedy 
completion of a measure that promised the most solid 
and permanent advantages to the Empire at large. 
I'he able discussions winch had taken place in tiie 
bister kingdom rendered it almost unnecessary for him 
to take up the time ot the Committee in going into 
any length on the resolutions now before them. It 
became, therefore, only necessary for him to make a 
few observations on the nature and regulation of the 
object to which the deliberation of the Committee 
ought to be directed that day. Instead of running 
into any minute detail of the parts of which the entire 
was composed, in the present stage, it would be best 
to look at the whole with a large and comprehensive 
view, as a system the most prudent in its formation, 
the wisest in its policy, and the best calculated to 
counteract the machinations of the public and private 
foe, who wished for nothing more than to separate the 
two countries, whose indissoluble connections were 
absolutely necessary for the safety of the one, and the 
• prosperity of the other, by the creation of a capital, 
and the diffusion of a spirit of industry into that 
- country, the good effects of which, he trusted, would 
be experienced in so short a time, so as to consolidate 
the interests of two potverful nations, and to remove 
the inconveniences wliich had existed between the two 
countries, to the mutual disadvantages of both. This 
was no question of local or partial inconvenience, nor 
of temporary policy, but one that embraced on broad 
and hberal principles the permanent aud aggregate 
security and prosperity of the whole Empire. If we were 
called upon to unite a great country with a less one, it 
became us to defeat those narrow prejudices which had 
been so industriously circulated to our disadvantage on 
that head, and to convince those persons that we were 
superior to such little views ; that we were ready to 
share our benefits with a liberal hand ; that we were 
not guided by any narrow temporary policy ; but that 
our views weie the offspring of the most generous 
impulse ; and that our hopes, as well as our wishes, 
were to make Ireland free and happy. Having premised 
thus far, he conceived that it would be only necessary 
for him to take a review of the propositions in their 



present form. The first expressed the sense which 
the two Houses entertained of the necessity and sound 
policy of the measure; the second was such, he presumed, 
as could give birth to no difference of opinion ; the third 
went to settle the Succession of the Crown, the Church, 
Courts of Justice, &c., and that the whole of the United 
Kingdom should be represented in one body. The only 
article that struck him as the most likely to create differ- 
enceof opinion was that which respected representation; 
but he thought this ditficulty had been magnified by 
those who were hostile to the Union. When the House 
came to that article, they left open to the Irish House, so 
far as regarded, tiie number representatives to be sent to 
the Imperial Parliament. In the Irish House, after much 
discussion, the number was fixed at 100. It was difficult 
to stale a preference to any positive number. The num- 
ber certainly ought to be sufficient to make known its 
local wants, to consult the best modes of removing them, 
to promote its interests, to watch over its security, to 
collect and convey its general sentiments, and to tie 
able, in point of fortune, to maintain independence and 
rank. After speaking of how 68 should be chosen for 
counties and opulent cities and towns, and the 
remainder from intermediate boroughs of inferior 
opulence ; of the Upper House of Parliament in Ire- 
land, of the Church Establishment of the Empire, and 
of commerce, .Mr. Pitt concluded in these memorable 
words. : — From this general view of the state of things, 
it gave him great pleasure to be able to congratulate 
the House that the fears of the enemies of the measure 
had been disappointed, and the hopes of its advo- 
cates, on the other hand, completely verified. The 
wishes of the great bulk of the nation were decidedly 
in favour of the Union. It had been said, and the 
report was propagated with a degree of solicitude com- 
mensurate to the wishes of the adversaries of the 
Union, that the Irish nation was not in a situation to 
speak its mind free and uncontrolled. He was happy 
tliat the ample, the spirited, the violent opposition 
manifested by the opposers of the Union had de- 
monstrated the contrary. Every friend of the late 
Rebellion in Ireland, every champion of Jacobinism, 
every advocate of insurrection, was hostile to the 
measure ; every true patriot, on the other hand, felt 
anxious for its speedy accomplishment. . The wishes 
of the grand majority of the Irish were decidedly in 
its favour. He would not expatiate on the subject 
any more at present, but move the reading of the 
First Article, purporting that after the ist January, 
1 80 1, the two kingdoms should be considered as 
united, &c. — IVhitehall Evening tost, 22nd April, 

1800. 

♦ • 

THE THROTTLE VALVE OP CRIME. 



Mr. John Dillon in his speech on the Address, 
February 7th, made the loUowing significant 
utterance as regards the present absence of 
agitation and consequent crime : — 

i, for my part, have earnestly counselled the suffering 
poor in Ireland, who are cruelly suffering under the 
present judicial rents, to bear in patience, as well as 
ttiey can bear them, the cruelties and the injustices to 
which they are subject, in the hope that a final end is 
going to be put to this oppressive law. (Home Rule 
cheers.) That is sufficient reason for the present 



NOTES FROM IBELAJSTD. 



99 



quiet in Irclmd, and the absence of agitation which it 
has brought about. Decreased agitation in Ireland 
has not been the operation of coercive acts, because it 
is notorious that according as the Coercion Act was 
withdrawn and finally swept away altogether, the 
country became more and more quiet. What has put 
an end to agitation in Ireland for the time being is not 
the operation of coercion, but the drawing nearer to 
the hope which enables the people to suffer a certain 
amount of oppression with patience and endurance. 
— Freemaris Journal, 8th February, 1893. 

This is not the first time that the Nationalist 
party have put their hand, so to speak, on the 
throttle valve of crime for a political object. The 
public memory is so short novv-a-days that it is 
Just as well to reproduce the following facts : — 

Prior to the introduction of the Home Rule 
Billln 1886, it was the policy of the Nationalists 
to demonstrate a peaceful state of things in Ire- 
land, just as at the present moment. On January 
26th. 1886, Mr. J. D. Sheehan, M. P., writing from 
the House of Commons to Rev. F"athar O'Connor, 
P.P., of Firies, with reference to the Curtin 
outrage, stated : — 

Rev. Dear Sir, — At this important juncture in our 
history, I am sorry to see reports of the Firies display. 
Nothing that has taken place yet in the South of Ireland 
has done so much harm to the National cause. If they 
persist they will ruin us. To-morrow evening will be most 
important in Parliamentary history. Our party expect 
the defeat of the Government and resumption of power 
by Mr. Gladstone. If we succeed in this, which we are 
confident of, the future of our country will be great, and, 
although an appeal to the constituencies must be made, 
the Irish party in those few days have made an impres- 
sion in future that no Government can withstand. The 
Salisbury Government want to appeal to the country on 
the integrity of the Empire, and, of course, for the 
last few days have tried all means to lead to this by 
raking up the Curtin case and all judicial cases, which 
must be avoided for a short time, as our stoppage to the 
Eviction Act will cover all this. — Yours faithfully, 

J. D. Sheehan. 

This letter was read by the Rev. Mr. O'Connor 
at the National Schools and other places. 

A month later the Vice-President of the Long- 
ford Branch of the Irish National League, 
according to the Roscommon Herald oi¥chrna.vy 
27th, 1886, said : — 

The League is averse to public or open boycotting. 
I believe, and they want country branches to do things 
quietly till we see what Parliament will do for us, and 
hence we are admonished to be as little aggressive as 
we possibly can for a time. 

Three weeks after this Mr. T. P. O'Connor, 
M.P., writing in the Freeynan's Jotirnal, said : — • 

The crimelessness of Ireland at the present hour — 
which is the best and most convincing argument in 
favour of the self-government of Ireland — is not the 
result of want of provocation either in the hard 
necessities of the times or the harder exactions of the 
landlords. Ireland is without crime because the Irish 
people have grasped the great fact that every crime at 
this moment would be an obstacle to the friends and an 
argument and an assistance to the enemies of the people. — 
Freemaris yournal{"'\r\. the House," 8th March, 1886,) 



IRELAND UNDER MR. MORLEY.. 



"THE UNHAPPY DOCTRINAIRE IMMERSED 
IN THE INTRICACIES OF PRACTICE." 

Malicious Burning. — On Saturday morning, 25th 
February, about five o'clock, a quantity of straw and 
oats, the property of .Mr. J. A. R. Newman, D.L., 
Dromore House, Mallow, was consumed by fire at 
Dromore. The value of the farm produce burned is 
estimated at ;^35, and a claim for compensation for 
this amount has been paid. The burning is supposed 
to have been malicious. — Oork Herald, 27th February, 
1893. 

Moonlight Outrage near CASTLEisLAND.-^This 
afternoon information of a moonlight outrage near 
Castleisland has reached us. It appears that on 
Saturday night, i8th February, some shots were fired 
into the house of a farmer at Kilsarkin, near Castle- 
island. The motive alleged for the attack was that the 
farmer in question paid rent, when it was arranged that 
none of the tenants on a certain estate should pay 
until a concession was made to them. It is stated that 
two shots were fired through the window, and the delpli 
on a dresser broken with the shots. The police in 
Tr-alee appear to be reticent about the matter., but we 
have been informed that during the week the Castle- 
island police have been investigating the aflfair. — Kerry 
Evening Post, 25th February, 1S93. 

In its issue of March 4th, the Kerry Evening 
Post adds : — 

The name of the farmer was Coffee, and the motive 
alleged for attacking his house, and firing shots through 
his windows, was that he paid his rent to his landlord,' 
Mr. Morphy, when the tenants had combined and 
decided on not paying until certain concessions were 
made to them. 

Moonlight Raid near Newmarket. — A fev 
nights ago a band of armed and disguised men madj 
a raid on the house of a farmer named Quinn, resid- 
ing near Ballyduane, near Newmarket, County Cork. 
Tlie ruffians surrounded the house and fired several 
shots, evidently with the intention of frightening the 
inmates, after which they decamped. The affair is 
believed to have been the outcome of an old agrarian 
dispute e.xisting in that district. — Cork Examiner., 3rd 
March, 1893. 

Moonlighting. — ^In the House of Commons on 
March 3rd Colonel Saunderson asked the Chief Sec- 
retary for Ireland whether he could state, in relation 
to the returns of agrarian outrages recently issued, 
whether there had been any moonlighting outrages 
during the period from August 20, 1892, to February 
28, 1893, that had been returned as non-agrarian, and 
therefore not included in the return ; and, if so, how 
many. 

Mr. J. Morley said the constabulary authorities 
reported that during the period named there were 25 
outrages of the nature referred to in the question—^ 
namely, firing at the person, one ; firing into dwellings, 
nine ; intimidation other than by threatening letter or 
notice, ten ; robbery of arms, one ; house attack, one ; 
aggravated assault, one; demand for money, onej 
burglary by moonlighters, one. 



78 



^OTES FROM IBELANB. 



CIVIL BILL DECREES AND NIGHT 
SEIZURES. 



712 CASES DWINDLED TO 66. 
Mr. T. W. Russell, in the House of Commons> 
March 2nd, asked for particulars as to the alleged 
breaches of the law by Irish sheriffs in executing civil 
bill decrees between sunset and sunrise. 

Mr. J. Morley said that, as he explained a short time 
ago, there was an overstatement in the figures supplied 
to him as to the number of cases of seizure by sheriffs 
in Ireland, under civil bill decrees, between sunset and 
sunrise. The constabulary authorities had since 
thoroughly investigated the matter, and had now 
furnished him with the details of 66 actual cases. He 
could not undertake the responsibility of furnishing a 
return of these cases, because obviously, such a return 
might form the basis of proceedings outside the 
House, but he would be most happy to allow the hon. 
member or Mr. Plunkett to inspect the return — not, 
however, with a view to publicity. 

Mr. T. W. Russell said on the faith of a similar 
promise he had been to the Irish Office on Monday, 
and had not been allowed to inspect this return. 
(Cries of " Order.") Could he see this return at the 
House ? He would not invite a refusal at the Irish 
Office again. 

Mr. J . Morley expressed regret for any inconvenience 
to which the hon. member had been subjected by 
some mistake, The return should be in the House 
this evening. 

Mr. A. J. Balfour — I believe the right hon. gentle- 
man originally stated the number of cases as 712. 

Mr. J. Morley — Yes. 

Mr. A. J. Balfour — And now it appears there were 
66. Does the right hon. gentleman describe the 
difference as an overstatement. 

Mr. J. Morley — The overstatement arose from the 
fact that the authorities who furnisiied the return took 
the hour entered on the sheriff's or sub-sheriff's requi- 
sition as the hour of actual seizure. (Hear, hear.; — 
Independent, 3rd March, 1893. 



THE 



IRISH CATHOLIC" ON THE 
UNIONISTS. 



The Irish Catholic, the ofificial organ of JVIr. 
Gladstone's chief supporter in Ireland, viz.. Arch- 
bishop Walsh, devotes a leading article to the 
Federation Convention called for the 8th March 
to consider the Home Rule Bill. The article 
concludes as follows : — 

It is the nation which is about to speak, not a party 
or a faction. The Convention will represent the real 
Ireland, the only Ireland which has a right to speak 
on such an occasion, the Ireland which is supreme and 
•triumphant over ««//Vf ^ra//(7/-/i« as well as impreg- 
nable against the assaults of foreign foes. — Iris/i 
Catlwlic, 4th March, 1893. 

" Native traitorism " alludes, of course, to the 
Parnellites. The Unionists, who have, by the 
way, no right to speak, are the '• foreign foes." 
And yet we are told Irish Loyalists have nothing 
to fear ! 



IRISHMEN LEAVING THE 
COUNTRY. 



Notwithstanding the measures contained in Mr. 
Gladstone's Home Rule Bill for the future government 
of Ireland, the Irish agriculturists and farm labourers 
appear to pay little attention to it — in fact, it would 
seem that they would much prefer to remain in safety, 
as they are at present, under the protection of England, 
than be ruled by their own countrymen. We have 
come to this conclusion from the fact that no less than 
908 Irish agriculturists and farm labourers have left 
their native country during the past week for the 
United States of America to make that country their 
future home. No doubt emigration has commenced 
rather early this year through the emigration restric- 
tions of the United States Government coming into 
force next month. However, the fact cannot b^ got 
over that the past week's return is enormous, when it 
is taken into account that the record for the corre- 
sponding week of last year sets forth only 179, showing 
an increase of 729, as will be observed in the details 
set forth hereunder. The emigrants are all fine young 
men and women, and have come chiefly from die 
south-west and west and western districts of Ireland. 
A great many of them have gone out to the States on 
prepaid tickets sent to them by their friends in America, 
whilst the others are paying their own passages out to 
seek a living in the distant country. Details : — 
February 23, ss. Teutonic (White Star) for New York 330 
„ ,, ss. City of Paris (Inman) for New York ... 136 

„ „ ss. British Prince (American) for Phila- 

delphia ... ... ... 77 

,, 24, ss. Cephalonia (Cunard) for Boston ... 285 
„ 26, ss. Servia (Cunard) for New York ... 100 

Total ... 908 

Total corresponding week last year 



Difference 
— Evening Echo, 27th February, 1893. 



179 
729 



GUARDIANS OF THE PERIOD. 



PROPOSED TO PAY OUT OF THE RATES 

EXPENSES OF A POLITICAL DELEGATE. 
At a recent meeting of the Bantry Poor Law Board a 
circular was read from the Irish National Federation, 
Dublin, enclosing a number of cards of admission for 
any members of the Board who may wish to attend 
the Convention in Dublin on the 8th March. 

Mr. Dillon said that they ought to send some repre- 
sentative there. 

Mr. Brennan — Who would pay the expenses ? 

Mr. Dillon — We would give him his expenses. 

Clerk— From what source? 

Mr. Dillon — Out of the rates, of course. 

Clerk — I am afraid I could not recommend you to 
sign the order. 

Chairman — It is a shame that we would not send 
some one. 

Mr. Harrington — The best man we could send 
would be our Clerk. 

Clerk said he should decline the honour. 

Mr. Brennan said the only way they could give 
expenses would be as out-door relief. (Laughter.) 

The matter then dropped. — Cork Herald, 2nd 
March, 1893. 



]\rOtE8 FROM IRELAND. 



a 



A DIURNAL 

OF EVENTS RELATING TO IRELAND. 



March 2. — Large and enthusiastic 
meeting at Sandford to protest against 
the Home Rule Bill. Resolutions were 
passed condemning the Bill, and the 
Rev. T. Good, Mr. A. Samuels, and Mr. 
E. Culverwell addressed the meeting. 

— A meeting of the inhabitants of 
Sandymount and its district was held 
with the object of adopting a petition to 
Barliament protesting against the Home 
Rule Bill. Mr. Thomas Brunker, J. P., 
presided, and ^[r. Litton Falkiner pro- 
posed resolutions, which were unani- 
mously adopted. 

^ Mr. Justice Gibson, addressing the 
Grand Jury at the opening of the Lim- 
erick Assizes, in the course of his re- 
marks said:— "There is in the police 
returns evidence of crime, and of a very 
formidable state of aflairs. There has 
been an increase of specially-reported 
crime of a very substantial character. 
The number this year was Si as against 
54 last year. . . . The cases indi- 
cated two things — one, a certain amount 
of hardy lawlessness in the community ; 
and secondly, an utter and highly objec- 
tionable disinclination on the part of the 
victims of those outrages to come for- 
jvard and give evidence." 
. — Large meeting of the Orangemen 
of Belfast in the Ulster Hall to protest 
against Mr. Gladstone's Home Rule 
Bill. The Rev. Dr. Kane presided, and 
said: — "Mr. Gladstone says we shall 
have to trudge along the path of what 
he calls Home Rule, but what we call 
surrender to treason and to the mer- 
cenary agitator. Now the 100,000 Orange- 
men in Ireland object to take the road 
Mr. Gladstone and his majority of crimi- 
nal conspirators order us to tate." Mr. 
Wm. Johnston proposed resolution and 
addressed the meeting, which was also 
addressed by Sir James Haslett, Lord 
Ranfurly, Rev. Dr. Kelly, &c. 

— A public meeting held in Cork to 
protest against Home Rule Bill. The 
Earl of Bandon presided, and the attend- 
ance, which was very large, included — 
The Ear) of Listowel, the Right Rev. 
Dr. Gregg, Lord Bishop of Cork, Cloyne, 
and Ross ; Sir Augustus Warren, Sir John 
Scott, Captain Woodley, High Sheriff of 
the County; R. Day, J.P., City High 
Sheriff; J. Donovan, D.L. ; the Arch- 
deacon of Cork and Cloyne, Dr. 
Emerson ; S. Karrington, M.A., T.C. ; 
Alderman Hungerford, Colonel Somer- 
ville, D.L. ; J. Began, T.C. ; J. Lovell, 
T.C. ; J. E. Rowe, T.C. : Captain Hol- 
brook, li.N. ; Rev. J. H. Cole, &c. The 
chairman said : " If the Bill should ever 
pass, disaster, ruin, and bankruptcy 
would be the result. Their duty, as 
loyalist.s, was to oppose this detestable 
Bill to the utmost of their power. They 
would all echo the words u-ed at the 
late Convention in Belfast, and say thit 
they would not have Home Rule." A 
committee was formed to make arrange- 
ments for opposing the measure on 
behalf of the Unionists of the County 
and City of Cork, 



— In the House of Commons Mr. T. 
\V. Russell asked leave to move the 
adjournment of the House in order to 
call attention to a matter of urgent im- 
portance ; namely, the lawless condition 
of the County Clare, and the absence of 
due protection for life and property in 
the county. He said it was the primary 
business of that House to see that due 
protection was given to the life and 
property of Her Jlajesty's subjects. Mr. 
Morley quite admitted that it was the 
first duty of Government to see that 
security of life and property was restored 
to Clare. The great difficulty in dealing 
with Clare was that the crime in that 
county was not of an agrarian character. 
.\lr. Balfour censured the conduct of the 
Chief Secretary in suspending the 
operation of the clause in the Crimes 
.\ct with regard to change of venue. It 
was impossible to obtain a conviction in 
the County Clare from a common jury, 
and by suspending this provision the 
riijht hon. gentleman parted with the 
possibility of obtaining a conviction. Mr. 
\V. Redmond said that such crime as 
existed in Clare was entirely of an 
agrarian character. The House then 
divided, when there were— for the 
adjournment, 215; against, 260; ma- 
jority, 45. 

3. — Meeting held at the London offices 
of the Irish Unionist Alliance to consider 
an urgent representation from the Execu- 
tive Committee of the Irish Unionist 
Alliance, sitting daily in Dublin, as to 
the holding of a monster demonstration 
in the Albert Hall, London. The pro- 
posals of the Dublin Committee were 
approved of, and the arrangements for 
the three Southern Provinces will be 
undertaken by the Irish Unionist Alli- 
ance, and for Ulster by the Ulster Con- 
vention League. 

— Meeting of loyalists in Baggotrath 
to protest against Home Rule Bill. A 
series of resolutions condemning the 
Bill were passed unanimously. 

— Sligo, Queen's County, and County 
Cavan lirand Juries pass resolutions 
protesting against Home Rule Bill. 

— Crowded meeting of tenant-farmers, 
traders, artisans, and labourers was held 
at Fivemiletown, and resolution passed 
condemning Bill. 

— In the House of Commons a long 
discussion took place in reference to the 
manner in which the contracts for the 
construction of the Light Railways 
(Ireland) were being carried out. At the 
evening sitting a motion was adopted 
condemning the new railway rates, and 
urging the necessity of the House deal- 
ing promptly with the matter. 

4. — Special meeting in Dublin con- 
vened for prayer and supplication in the 
present crisis, and presided over by His 
Grace the Archbishop of Dublin 
Numerous clergymen of all Protestant 
denominations were present. 



— On the Dublin Stock Exchange 
there was a fall of 4 in Bank of Ireland 
Stock. 

— Moonlighters fire into farmer's 
house at Rathmeehan, three miles from 
Ennis. Bullet passed within a few inches 
of the farmer's head, and his servant has 
received a letter threatening vengeance 
if he does not at once leave his employ- 
ment. 

— County Longford and Tipperary 
Grand Juries pass resolutions condemn- 
ing Bill. 

— Largely attended meeting at Kin- 
nety, King's County, addressed by T. 
R. Garvey, Esq., and Kev. Professor 
Hemphill, D.D., and resolution passed 
condemning Home Rule Bill. 

— Meeting at Dyan, County Tyrone, 
for the purpose of protesting and peti- 
tioning Parliament against the Home 
Rule Bill. 

— Meeting at Howth to adopt resolu- 
tions against Bill. Mr. S. 'W. S. 'Wright 
presided. 

5.— Influential Unionist meeting at 
Blackrock, J. R. Wigham, Esq., J.P., 
Chairman of the Township, in the chair. 
Petitions with nearly 2,000 signatures 
were handed in to be presented to the 
House of Commons. 

— Large and enthusiastic meeting at 
Bessbrook to protest against Bill and 
form Unionist Llub. 

6. — Meeting of the Senate of the 
University of Dublin in Trinity College 
to consider the question of presenting to 
Parliament a petition against the Home 
Rule Bill, on behalf of the Chancellor, 
Doctors, and Masters of the University. 
The University Caput (the Right Hon. 
the Earl of Rosse, Chancellor ; Rev. Dr. 
Salmon, Provost ; and Rev. J. W. Bar- 
low) presided. The Chancellor said : 
" There can be no doubt that the changes 
which it is now proposed to effect by the 
Bill before Parliament will be most 
serious. There is no similar case to be 
found either in the present or in the 
past in any part of the world. He would 
ask Lord Ashbourne to move the first 
resolution." Lord Ashbourne moved 
the first resolution, which was as fol- 
lows;— "We, the Chancellor, Doctors, 
and Masters of the University of Dublin, 
declare that we are faithful and devoted 
subjects of the Queen, and claim it as 
our birthright to live under the British 
Constitution, to which we are ardently 
attached, and to be subject only to such 
laws as are passed by the Imperial 
Parliament ; and we therefore adopt the 
following petition to the House of Com- 
mons: — 'We, the Chancellor, Doctors, 
and Masters of the University of Dublin, 
petition your honourable House not to 
assent to the Bill for the Government of 
Ireland now before you ; inasmuch as we 
are convinced that, if passed into law, it 
would bs disastrous to Ireland, injurious 
to Great Britain, and most dangerous to 



is 



jrOTES FROM IRETjANH. 



the interests of the Empire.' " He said : 
" No one could fail to recognise that the 
cause of their gathering there to-day 
was momentous. It constituted a grave 
crisis in the history of the Empire and 
of Ireland ; it was full of deadly peril to 
both. The issue was vast and far- 
reaching — so vast and far-reaching that ' 
it entirely transcended, and was wholly 

outside the limits of party politics 

The Bill would never, could never pass, 
because he was satisfied in his heart that 
when the mind and conscience of the 
nation were aroused, that nation would 
realise what was its work to do, because 
they belonged, thank God, to a wise and 
understanding people." The Right Hon. 
David Plunkett seconded the resolution, 
and was glad to think that the University 
of Dublin should lead the way in the 
great demonstrations which would be 
held in Dublin and Ulster for the pur- 
pose of giving voice to the feelings, and 
pronouncing the opinions of the I>oyalists 
of Ireland in this supreme crisis of peril 
to all the interests that were most dear 
to them. Professor Dowden moved the 
second resolution, which was seconded 
by the Dean of St. Patrick's. Other 
resolutions were proposed and carried 
with enthusiasm, and the proceedings 
terminated. 

— At monthly meeting of the Municipal 
Council of the City of Dublin, the Lord 
Mayor presiding, the Right Hon. Alder- 
man Meade moved : — " That the Govern- 
ment of Ireland Bill be referred to a com- 
mittee of the whole house, with power to 
call in experts, for the purpose of mquiring 
into the financial details of the measure. 
(Hear, hear.) And that the committee. 



with such information as may then be 
before it, and after giving all possible 
attention to the subject, should make a 
report to the Council as to the effects of 
the Home Rule Bill." Mr. Walker, in 
seconding the motion, said — *' It was im- 
portant that such a Bill should l)e thoroughly 
considered. The more the Bill was looked 
into the less, he thought, would it be liked. 
If the financial scheme proposed in the 
Bill were carried out it would be the ruin 
of the country." After a short discussion 
Alderman Meade's motion was adopted. 

— Mr. J. Casey, Town Clerk, Tralee, 
fired at and severely wounded in Com- 
missioners' Boardroom by John Whelan, 
rate collector to the Tralee Town Com- 
missioners. 

— Meeting at Limavady to protest 
against Home Rule Bill, Chairman Town 
Commissioners presiding. 

— Meeting at Bray to protest against 
Home Rule Bill, Viscount I'owerscourt, 
K.P., presiding. 

— Meeting at Dundrum to protest 
against Home Rule Bill, George Kinahan, 
Esq., J. P., presiding. 

— In the House of Commons, in reply 
to Mr. Carson, Mr. Morley staled that 
there were 28 claims for malicious injuries 
at the recent Clare Assizes, all of which 
were acceded to. In reply to Mr. T. W. 
Russell the Chief Secretary slated that the 
proceedings had been withdrawn against 
Father Humphreys and others, as it was 
considered the interests of peace in Tip- 
perary would be best served by that course. 

7.— The Right Hon. E. Heneage (L.U.) 
returned for Grimsby. Result of polling — 
Right Hon. E. Heneage (L.U.), 4,427 ; 



Mr. H. Broadhurst (G.), 3,463 ; Unionist 
majority, 964. The polling at previous 
elections was as follows : — 

t886. 1S92. 

Heneage (L.U.) 29«2 Josse (G.) 4202 

Suther>t (G.) 2649 Heneage (L.U.) 3636 

Unionkt mij. 333 Gladstonian raaj. 566 

— Protests received up to this date front 
408 Select Vestries of the Church of Ire' 
land. 

— Mr. Justice O'Brien, addressing the 
Grand Jury at opening of Kerry Assizes, 
said he found the same range of offences, 
which indicate a condition of great dis- 
turbance and disorder. He also referred 
to the difficulty of obtaining convictions. 

— In the House of Lords Lord Hers- 
chell moved the second reading of a Bill 
to divide real property amongst the family 
of the owner in case of his dying without a 
will, the same as in the case of personal 
property. The Bill was rejected by a 
majority of 5. 

— As a result of the recount of the votes 
polled at the Halifax Election, Mr. Shaw 
(G. ) retains his seat. 

— Meeting of Loyalists at Killiney. 
Telegram read from Mr. Balfour wishing 
success to the meeting, and letter read from 
Marquis of Londonderry urging that meet- 
ings should be held everywhere, and per- 
manent committees formed to support the 
Irish Unionist Alliance in its fight against 
Home Rule. 

— Loyalist meeting in Ballinalee, Co. 
Longford. The protest sent by the Con*' 
mittee of the Church of Ireland was unani- 
mously adopted. 

— Meeting to protest against Home 
Rule held at Eglinton, Co. Derry. 



CANON DOYLE ON THE 
PARNELLITES. 



NO QUARTER. 
In a recent letter to the Freeman s Journal, 
Archbishop Croke suggested that both sections 
of the Home Rule Party should be summoned in 
connection with the Convention, called to con- 
sider the Home Rule Bill. The Rev. Canon 
Doyle, of Ramsgrange, however, will not agree 
to the suggestion. Writing on February 28th 
to the Editor of the Freeman^ Father Doyle 
declares : — 

I respectfully but vehemently protest against the 
factionists being suffered to have hand, act, or part in 
that important meetinaf. For the thoughtless mob, to 
be found more or less in every city and large town and 
in a few rural districts, and who are mostly swayed by 
passion and porter, I can make allowance to a certain 
extent. For those outside the Catholic Church — your 
Colonel Saundersons and Mr. Johnstons of Ballykilbeg. 
and our Northern Orangemen — 1 have boundless 
forgiveness. When I remember the immense difficulty 
the illustrious Cardinals Newman and Manning and 
many other converts little less distinguished for all that 
ennobles human nature had in subduing and shaking 
off the impressions and prejudices of youth, I believe 
we should have illimitable compassion for harsh 
words and the cruel insults we sometimes receive from 



our separated brethren. But what of the Redmonds, 
the Harringtons, the Leamys, and the rest ? Here are 
men who had the blessing of being born in the bosom 
of the Catholic Church, who were trained from child 
hood in its doctrines, and who possess the immense 
advantage of a good education under the enlightened 
and paternal guidance of the Jesuit Fathers. Now, 
/ ask what excuse or palliation can be offered for the 
deplorable — the atrocious conduct of these wretched men 
for the last two years, capped by the calamitous climax 
of the Meath Election Petitions? 'J'he bishops and 
priests of Ireland had, under pressure, of an obvious 
and painful duty, to condemn a man who had given 
shocking scandal, as beiitg unworthy to be the leader of a 
Christian people, and lo ! a very deluge of billingsgate 
and outiage has been poured upon them by these men 
and the organs under their control. Not content with 
outraging the venerable and saintly Bishop of Meath, 
Dr. Nulty, who, from entering on the mission to his 
80th year, has been the friend of the farmer, the pro- 
tector of the poor, and a tower of strength to the 
National cause, and with insulting his exemplary priests, 
they actually assail one of the greatest Sacraments of 
their own Church in its most vital part — the inviolable 
seal of the sacred tribunal. Yet we are asked to 
admit these men without a word of repentance and 
reparation to take part in the great National conven- 
tion to be held on the 8th of next March. I say-^ 
No, no ; never, never. — Freeman's Journal, 2nd March, 
1893- 



JV^OT-ES FROM UtELANJJ. 



79 



LIMERICK. 



JUDGE GIBSON'S CHARGE, 
Charging the Grand Jury of County Limerick 
on 2nd March, Mr. Justice Gibson said : — 

Although there was no form of the worst crime, such 
as murder, or attempt to murder, nevertheless there is 
in the police returns evidence of crime, and of a very 
formidable state of affairs. 1 here has been an increase of 
specially reported crime of a very substantial character. 
The number this year was 8i, as against 54 last year. 
His lordship was by no means an alarmist, and he 
trusted that the apprehensions he might be induced to 
feel from reading these colourless reports might be, 
perhaps, shown not to be warranted by the result in 
the luture. There were two cases of firing at the 
person, and in one of these the houses of two persons 
were visited and fired into. One of the O'Connors who 
were attacked resisted, and he was struckin the thumb 
with a bullet. The only motive' attributed for that 
outrage was to prevent these people paying their rent 
unless a reduction was given by the landlord. Yet the 
O'Connors, who were the subjects of such a grave 
attack, would give no information of the outrage to the 
authorities. A man named Curtin was visited by four 
men with hurleys. A shot was fired, and the younger 
Curtin, a son of the older man, resisting, he was 
savagely beaten with a hurley. The motive of the 
outrage appeared to have been the taking of an evicted 
farm they afterwards surrendered, and the Curtins 
would give no information to the police. Another 
house was visited by three men, who fired a shot, and 
they got the son of the owner of the house, young 
O'Brien, to hold a greyhound while they sliot it. 
There was no identification of any of the criminals. 
There were twenty cases of arson in the county, some 
of which, but not the greater number, appear to be 
connected with some agrarian combination. In one 
case, though the arson was not a serious one, it was 
impossible not to feel resentment, having regard to the 
humble station in life of the man who was tlie subject 
of this most cowardly crime — a poor man who had the 
thatch in his cabin set on fire, and there was no motive 
discoverable except this, that he had been given some 
hay by the caretaker of an evicted farm. I'here were 
nine cases of killing and maiming cattle, and in one of 
these two horses were poisoned by arsenic at different 
periods of time. The owner of the horses had com- 
mitted no offence except that he settled apparently 
with his landlord, Mr. Arthur Smith-Barry. I'here were 
ten cases of malicious injuries to property, none of them 
of a very aggravated type. In one, in which he did not 
think there might have been, perhaps any serious 
intention to inflict much injury, there was an iron axle 
box charged with blasting powder used apparently out- 
side an hotel, and it was suggested that this in some 
way arose, or was connected with, the excitement of an 
election. The were two cases of robbery of arms, both 
of which were of some interest. In the first a single 
man went at half-past nine o'clock, on a July night, to 
the house of a person called Sheehy, and he, though 
unaccompanied, aud apparently unarmed, demanded 
Sheehy's gun. Sheehy told his servant to give it to him, 
and otf the man went with perfect impunity. Later on, 
in the month of November, four men visited another 



house a,nd demanded M'Inery's gun, and on his 
refusing, and seeking for his weapon, a shot was fired, 
and, apparently, AlTnery fired also, one of the men 
saying they would have revenge sooner or later. There 
were four cases of assaulting dwelling houses, in one of 
which a shot was fired into a man named O'Shea's 
house, he having taken an evicted farm. In another 
case four men, armed and disguised, visited the residence 
of Dr. Madigan, broke seventeen panes of glass, 
demanded money, and on being refused, threatened 
to return and burn the doctor's house. There were a 
certain number of threatening letter cases, which were, 
perhaps, not unusual in the community, and need excite 
no great apprehension unless they were followed by the 
commentary of action. Some oi them were signed in 
the usual manner with the name of Captain JVIoonlight. 
In one, to show the mean form of intimidation that 
prevailed among certain classes of the community, a 
notice was given to the employer of a poor servant girl 
to dismiss her or he would receive a visit from Captain 
Moonlight. The motive for depriving this poor girl of 
her hvenhood was that her father had bought some hay 
from the caretaker of an evicted farm. There were two 
cases of intimidation, which was a term used to denote 
not intimidation by words, but intimidation accom- 
panied by acts. Tirearms were used and shots fired, 
these being the measures employed as the agent of 
intimidation. In one case a shot was fired over the 
head of a labourer as a persuasion to induce him to 
leave his master's employment, the master bemg 
suspected of having paid his rent. The labourer 
appeared to have declined to work, but he refused to give 
any information. In these cases none of them were of 
the worst form of crime. Fortunately there was 
apparently no loss of life in connection with any of them, 
and there was no attempt to commit murder, but the 
cases indicated, in his opinion, two things — one a 
certain amount of hardy lawlessness in the community, 
and secondly, an utter and highly objectionable dis- 
inclination on the part of the victims of those outrages 
to come forward and give evidence. With regard to 
minor offences, though there was some small increase in 
common assaults, there was a diminution in the number 
of intoxication cases. So that on that head there was 
no ground for dissatisfaction with the state of the 
county. in conclusion, he trusted that when next he 
came among them Ae toould not be encountered with 
the same increase of undetected crime that appeared to 
be indicated in these reports, and that this lawless- 
ness, of which he at present saw the indications, might 
then come to have disappeared. — Irish Daily Inde- 
pendent^ 3rd March, 1893. 



THE SICK AT EVICTIONS. 



The Wexford People^ March 3rd, i893.publishes what is 
stated to have been a circular directed to the District 
Inspectors of the Royal Irish Constabulary throughout 
Ireland, by the Inspector General Sir Andrew Keed, 
relative to the treatment of sick persons at evictions, 
and the course which the constabulary are to take in 
future, in reference to the matter referred to in the cir- 
cular. The correspondent who secured the copy of this 
important document states that although it is directed 
to District Inspectors of the constabulary, it was not 



80 



NOTES FROM lit EL AND. 



from a member of the force he procured it. It was 
issued in the latter end of the month of February, by 
directions of the Lord Lieutenant, and comes into 
operation on the beginning of the present month. The 
follow ing is a copy of the circular : — 

"To District Inspectors, Royal Irish Consta- 
bulary. 

" Circular A — Eviction of sick persons. 

" It having been decided for financial reasons that 
the constabulary cannot employ medical men for the 
purpose of certifying as to the condition of sick persons 
about to be evicted, it becomes necessary to consider 
what steps should be taken by tiie police to prevent 
the removal from their houses of persons whose lives 
are likely to be endangered by the process. His 
Excellency the Lord Lieutenant is of opinion that the 
following instructions will meet the majority of cases of 
the kind, in all instances in which the; police are 
aware that there is sickness of any kind in any of the 
houses concerned, the fact shoula be notified before- 
hand to the sheriff, to the landlord or his agent, and 
the relieving officer. Where there is reason to 
beheve that any one of the cases of illness are of a 
serious nature, special attention should be drawn to 
the fact and intimadon given that the presence of a 
medical man at the time of eviction would be desirable. 
In communicating with the relieving officer in such 
cases, it should be specially suggested to him that he 
may conceive it to be his duty to have the sick person 
visited by the dispensary medical officer of the district. 
Should any difficulty or comphcation arise in carrying 
out these instructions, the matter will, of course, be 
referred to headquarters for decision. 

"Andrew Keed, Inspector-General. 
"R.I.C. Office, Lublm Office." 



PATRICK FORD AND THE 
WBSLBYANS. 



Mr. Davitt's Christian friend, Patrick Ford, re- 
ferred as follows to the members of the Wesleyan 
Methodist body in Ireland, on learning that the 
ministers as a whole protested against Home 
Rule :— 

The total number of Wesleyans in all Ireland — 
men, women, and children — is 48,839, and the total 
number of the Wesleyan Ministers is 236. Does it 
matter much what this wretched handful of ahens, who 
are in the country, but not of it, may choose to think 
about Home Rule ? British rule is a very good thing 
for them, no doubt. It gives and secures to them, and 
the like of them, all the fat of the land, and it sets 
them in power over the property and liberty and the 
lives of the mass of the Irish people. The impudence 
of those Wesleyans, and the other foreign interlopers 
who make up the small minority of anti-nationalists 
in Ireland, could be equalled only by that of a burglar 
who should , . . insist on remaining in possession 
and ruling the household. — /rt's/i World, 2nd April, 



COUNTY CLARE. 



I'm sick of the world and its wild despair, 
And one never knows what the Rads will dare, 
So I'm going to settle in County Clare. 

Our morals are Parliament's constant care, 
But " I'o as you like " is the maxim there. 
And that's why I'm going to County Clare. 

It's a beautiful county, free and fair — 

You can maim and murder and drink and swear. 

And nobody minds in County Clare. 

Then slavery's chains no more I'll wear 
If there's freedom for all and a bit to spare 
In the Irish Texas, County Clare. 

— " Dagonet " in Referee. 



THE PALL IN IRISH SECURITES. 



Comparison between 1892 and 1893, as shown 
by the Dublin Official Stock List : — 

1892. 1893. 

Bank of Ireland, February I st, 3204 316 

,, ,, March ist, 324 295 to 297 

Gt. North. Ry. of Ireland, Feb. ist, 134^ 140 

,, „ „ March ist, 13 1| 13110131^ 

Gt. South. & Western Ry., Feb. ist, 120 118^ 

,, ,, ,, Mar. ist, 116 iii^toii2^ 

Mid. Gt. Western Ry., Feb. ist, 107^ 103;^ 

„ „ ,, Mar. ist, 103;^ 98 to 99 

The above quotations of Railway Stocks were for 
both years, cum dividend on Feb. i st and ex dividend 
on March ist. 



Comparative accumulated Traffic Returns of the 
railways to March ist, 1892, and March ist, 1893. 

On the ist March, 1892, as compared with the ist 
March, 1891, Great Northern Railway showed a 
decrease of ^7,804. 

Great Southern and Western Railway showed a 
decrease of ;^ 10,817. 

Midland Great Western Railway showed a decrease 
of ^7.467- 

On the ist March, 1893, as compared with the ist 
March, 1892 — 

Great Northern Kailway showed an increase of ;^4,276. 
Great Southern and Western Baihvay showed an 

increase of ;£ 6, 7 5 1 . 
Midland Great Western Railway showed an increase 

0f.;£2,S98. 

It will be seen from the above comparative state- 
ment that as the result of Mr. Gladstone's Home Rule 
Bill, there has been a greater fall in railway stocks this 
year, with increased returns, especially in regard 
to the Great Northern Kailway, than there was last 
year with a general reduction in traffic receipts. 



Published by Uie Irish Unionist All-akce, at thetr Dublin Offices, 1U9 
Graftou Street, and LoudoD Offices, 26 Palace Cbambers, Westminster, S.W, 



WOTES FROM IRELAND 



*^* A Record of the sayings and doings of the Home Rule Parties in the furtherance of their " Separatist" Policy 
for Ireland ; and of facts connected with the country. For the information of the Imperial Parliament^ tht Press, 

and the Public generally. 



No. 11. — Vol. 1. — New Series. 



18th march, 1893. 



Price Id. 



®0ntettt«. PAGE 
The Land Market — Ireund Twelve Years after 

THB Union ... ... ... ... 81 

The Home- Ruled " Freeman " ... ... 82 

Clare -Revival of the Plan of Campaign ... 83 
The Anti-Parnellite Convention — The Priest in 

Politics— A League Branch or a Poor Law 

Board — Which ? ... ... ... 84 

A Diurnal ... ... ... ... 85 

Bishop Nultt on the Pabnellites — The Evicted 

Tenants' Commission ... ... ... 86 

Commercial Deputation to THE Unionist Leaders ... 87 

State OF Kerry — Crime in County Clare ... 88 



THE LAND MARKET. 



The tenant's interest in a farm of land containing 32 
statute acres, at a yearly judicial rent of ^32, poor 
law valuation ^15, on tlie property of Sir Maurice 
O'Gonnell, was sold here by public auction yesterday, 
and realized the sum of ;^444 — exactly 22 years' pur- 
chase. The farm is situate 29 miles from the nearest 
railway station, and two miles from the market town of 
Cahirciveen. — Dublin Mail, 7 th March, 1893. 



On Thursday last Mr. John Golden, auctioneer. 
Mallow, sold for Mr. John Wiseman, Garrycloyne, the 
interest in his farm at Vicarstown, Inniscarra, contain- 
ing about 66 statute acres, and held at the yearly rent 
of ;^45 5s. 6d. After some spirited bidding the farm 
was knocked down to Mr, Denis Dilworth for ^360. 
Cattle, &c., fetched good prices. — Cork Herald, 7th 
March, 1893. 



On March 8th Mr. Jeremiah J. Cronin, Auctioneer, 
Macroom, put up for sale by public auction the 
interest of Mr. Timothy Murphy in his farm at Kil- 
berrihert, near Ballinagree, containing 112 acres held 
under fee-farm grant under Mr. William Longfield, at 
the yearly rent of ^24 i8s. 7d., the Poor-law valua- 
tion being ^^29 15s. After spirited bidding the farm 
was purchased by Mr. John Healy for ;^"48o and 
auction fees. — Cork Examiner, 9th March, 1893. 



On Saturday, nth March, Messrs. W. Marsh and 
Sons, Auctioneers, sold by auction at their property 
salerooms, 70 South Mall, Cork, for Mrs. Maynard, 
the interest in the farm, part of the lands of Mount 
Dessert, for the sum of ^420. The farm is situate 
about a mile from the City of Cork, and contains 
about 68 acres of land, nearly all in pasture. Mr. 
Maurice Healy, M.P., solicitor. South Mall, Cork, had 
carriage of the sale. — Cork Herald, 13th March, 1893. 



Last week the tenant's interest in a farm on the 
estate of Sir Maurice J. O'Connell, Bart., in Co. Kerry, 
subject to a yearly judicial rent of £,21, the Poor-law 
valuation of which was £\^ 10s., was sold for ^^425. 

The tenant's interest in the lands of Ballingowan, 
the Poor-law valuation of which is ;!^6o, held subject 
to the annual instalments to the Government under 
Lord Ashbourne's Purchase Act of ^60, were sold 
for ;C()2o, with auctioneer's fees. 



IRELAND TWELVE YEARS AFTER 
THE UNION. 



COPIED 

From the Cork Morning Intelligencer of Saturday, 

March 27th 18 13. 

At a Numerous Meeting 

OF THE 

" Roman Catholic Board " 

FOR THE County and City of Cork, 

Held at the Bush Tavern, 

On Monday, 22ND March, 1813, 

Richard Barry, Esq., in the Chair, 

The Resolution of the 'Catholic Board in Dublin, of 
the 1 3th instant, having been read as follows :— * 

" Resolved — That we heartily congratulate our' 
fellow-subjects of every religious persuasion in the 
British Empire on the late glorious and successful- 
struggle of the friends of civil and religious liberty in, 
the Imperial House of Commons, from which we may 
confidently date the commencement of that harmony 
which is likely to subsist among men of all denominations 
and religions in this country, which must obliterate 
the remembrance of past injuries, and make Ireland 
as united as she will be unconquerable, and that relying 
on the wisdom and justice of Parliament, that nothing 
will be required of us incompatible with the integrity 
of our religious principles, we declare ourselves ready 
to meet the benevolent views of the Legislature in a 
sincere spirit of conciliation on our part." : 

It was unanimously resolved — "That we highly, 
approve of, and warmly concur in the sentiments 
contained in the foregoing resolution, and that we 
adopt it as the resolution of this board." 

Richard Barry, Chairman. 

William J. Sheehy, Secretary, ., 



NOTES FROM IRELAND. 



THE HOME-RULED "FREEMAN." 



We have to apologise to our readers for taking 
tip so much space with the following corres- 
pondence. The internal rows of Prince's Street, 
Dublin, affects only those immediately concerned- 
The reason, however, of producing Messrs. 
Healy, Murphy, and Mooney's letters is to 
add another object lesson of the thorough 
harmony and great comiiercial capacity of the 
proposed governors of Ireland. Mr. Gladstone 
last week declined to receive a deputation 
of gentlemen who have made many Irish joint 
stock boards and commercialundertikings world- 
wide reputations: preferring to listen instead 
to the voices and information of those who 
cannot, without squabbling, manage an ordinary 
.proviricial newspaper company. 

TO EDITOR FREEM\N AND NATIONAL PRESS. 

7th March, 1893. 

Dear Sir, — The public will remember that in 
September, 1891, Alderman Michael Kernan was 
removed from the Board of the Freeman's Journal by 
Mr. E. D. Gray, in order to change the then Parnellite 
policy of the paper, and thereby avert its commercial 
ruin. Last week Mr. Gray, with what object we need 
not stop to inquire, parted with his qualification as a 
director, and thereby created a vacancy on the Freeman 
Board. To-day to our surprise Mr. John Dillon 
moved to co-opt Alderman Kernan in Mr. Gray's 
room. 

To Alderman Kernan personally (notwithstanding 
his recent costly and fruitless injunction proceedings 
to defeat the National Fress agreement) the only 
objection we have is his avowed Parnellism. In justice, 
however, to the men who founded the National Fress, 
at heavy pecuniary sacrifices, we cannot, with much 
previous evidence before us, shut our eyes to the 
meaning of what is now contemplated. We regard it 
as the first step in a movement which gives cause for 
deep concern. 

It should be known that Mr. Dillon's title to sit on 
the Board rests on a transfer of 200 shares from 
Alderman Kernan (for the consideration of 5s.), and 
that Alderman Kernan recently sent in transfers (also 
for a nominal consideration) to qualify for appointment 
as directors two well-known Dublin Parnellites, one of 
whom subscribed ^^5 to the Factionists' Fund only a 
month ago. 

Publicity at this juncture would be most undesirable 
if there were any other way to meet so grave a situation. 
We in vain suggested that nothing should be done 
until the General Meeting of shareholders, which 
must take place in a few weeks. We also, without 
avail, intimated our intention, if the co-option were 
persisted in, to make the facts public forthwith. At a 
previous meeting, on the creation of the Gray vacancy 
(Messrs. Sexton and Healy being absent), one of us 
suggested the co-option as a member of the Board 



of the only other then duly-qualified shareholder, 
but in order to meet Mr. Dillon's wishes the 
nomination, which could have been carried^, was 
withdrawn. Mr. Dillon already commands a majority 
at the Board, and surely the voice of the share- 
holders might be awaited in such a situation. 
Argument, however, failed, and Mr. Dillon pressed 
the election of his nominee. Against this a division 
was taken on the following amendment : — " 1 hat 
before proceeding to the co-option of Alderman 
Kernan the secretary do write to that gentleman, 
requesting him to ctate whether he is, or is not, a 
Parnellite, and whether his political views are in 
harmony with the present policy of the Freeman's 
Journal." 

The voting was : — For the amendment — Messrs. 
Healy, Murphy, and Mooney. Against — Messrs. 
Sexton (chairman), Dillon, and Capt. O'Connor, 
whereupon the chairman's casting vote was given 
against the amendment. Mr. Sexton then proposed 
the following resolution, and it was declared carried, 
by the same vote as before : — " That the Board adjourn 
until Thursday, in order to enable Mr. Dillon to 
ascertain whether Alderman Kernan is in harmony 
with the policy of the Irish Parliamentary Party." 

Having regard to the interests involved, we feel 
bound to submit at least the foregoing facts to the 
judgment of the shareholders and the public. 

Yours truly, 

T. M. HeALV, ) r>- . r- . 

Wm. M. Murphy, > Directors F/-..^«« . 
Joseph Mooney, \ •^"'"'"'''^ ^'™"^'i' 
— Freeman, 8th March, 1893. 

On Friday, loth March, the following appeared 
in the Freeman : — 

Alderman Kernan has been co-opted a member of 
the Board of the Freeman's Journal, Limited. 

TO EDITOR FREEMAN AND NATIONAL PRESS. 

9th March, 1893. 

Dear Sir, — Lest the bold announcement of the 
co-option of Alderman Kernan to the Freeman Board 
might leave us under the reproach that we were parties 
thereto, we are compelled, owing to a refusal to 
authorise the necessary information to be published 
officially, to make a further (though incomplete) com- 
munication on this transaction. 

The business of to-day's meeting was set out in Mr. 
Sexton's resolution passed on Tuesday in the following 
terms : — 

" That the Board adjojrn until Thursday, in order to 
enable Mr. Dillon to ascertain whether Alderman Kernan 
is in harmony with the policy of the Irish Parliamentary 
Party." 

Mr. Sexton, however, decided to-day, as chairman, 
that it was unnecessary to take his own resolution into 
consideration, and Mr. Dillon refused to give any 
information whatever in reference to its subject-matter. 
Notwithstanding the published suggestions that the 
questions at issue should be remitted to the forth- 
coming shareholders' meeting, Mr. Dillon then moved 



y^OTJES FROM IBELA2rDi 



83- 



afresh the co-option of Alderman Kernan. To this 
the follo\\-ing amendment was proposed : — 

" That the Board, having no assurance from Alderman 
Kernan, that he has ceased to be a Pamellite, and as 
Mr, Dillon has not informed us, in accordance with the 
resolution passed at the last meeting, whether he is in 
harmony with the present policy of the Irish Parlia- 
mentary Party, his co-option at this moment is undesirable 
and inopportune, and that it be left to the shareholders, 
if they think fit to fill up the vacancy created by the 
retirement of Mr. Gray at the approaching General 
Meeting.'' 

This amendment was rejected by Mr. Sexton's 
casting vote, and the gentleman who, with Privy 
Councillor .Meade, is responsible for the betrayal of 
the pubKc in 1890 and iSgi, was constituted once 
more a director of the Freetnaii's Journal by the 
chairman's dual-franchise, and the votes of Mr. 
Dillon and Captain O'Connor. 

We have only to add that before the surprise of 
Tuesday was sprung upon us, at the end of a three 
hours' business meeting, a pretext was made for the 
postponeinent of the annual shareholders' meeting to 
the 6th April, from the 15th March, at which it had 
been previously fixed. In our judgment the owners of 
the property should not for a day be ousted of their 
undoubted rights. The significant indications at 
Wednesday's Convention may have chilled the 
prospects of barter with the organs of faction, or the 
restoration of their conductors to the control of the 
Freeman and Evening Telegraph. But from the 
evidence before us we are less confident that no order 
to stifle the expression of public opinion under the new 
regime will be minuted in the meantime. As Alderman 
Kernan must submit himself for re-election to the 
shareholders within less than a month the public will 
appreciate the urgency for the consummation of the 
transaction behind the backs of the owners of the 
property, by directors not one of whom can claim to 
hold in his own right a single share in the Freeman 
Company. 

Yours truly, 



CLARE. 



T. M. Healy, 
Wm. M. Mur 

J<'SKPH Moo 



RPHY, )- 
NEY, ) 



Directors of the 

Freeman^s Journal, 

Limited, 



DR. WALSH AND MR. HEALY. 

Archbishop Walsh, in a letter to the Frec- 
vian's Journal, dated loth March, points out : — 

I take this opportunity of making it known to all 
your readers that, having been consulted by all parties 
concerned, and being fully informed as to the merits of 
the various points at issue, I feel it to be a matter of 
absolute duty towards Messrs. Sexton and Dillon to 
state that, to my knowledge, the attack made upon 
them is a grossly calumnious one, and that the letters 
published against them by their assailants contain both 
imputations and positii<e statements luhich at least two 
oj^ the writers whose names are signed to those letters 
have every reason to know to be wholly devoid oj truth. 



EXTRA POLICE DRAFTED TO THE COUNTY, 
Mr. Morley has sent fifty extra police into the 
County Clare Colonel Turner, late Divisional 
Police Commissioner for that district, writes to 
the Times of March loth as follows :^ 

It is stated that Mr. Morley is sending a number of 
extra police to Clare ; I imagine that these men will 
be on the county at large, so that half the cost will be 
paid by the county and half from the Consolidated 
Fund. The incidence of this taxation will bear very 
heavily on the law-abiding and loyal persons in the 
county, who have property to be taxed, while the 
criminals, who, as a rule, have nothing, will come off 
scot free. As to the effect of the extra pohce, Mr. 
Morley might as well attempt to charm the enterprising 
spirit of the Clare moonlighter by whistling as to stop' 
his nocturnal excursions and incursions by means of 
extra police. The men of Clare are very determined, 
as shown by their refusal to submit to clerical dictation 
as to the choice of their members, and very acute ; 
they never neglect military precautions when making a 
raid, the patrols of police, be they frequent or in- 
frequent, strong or weak, are carefully watched and 
their steps dogged ; and the moonlighters are naturally 
not so foolish as to take the same direction as, the 
guardians of the law. 

With the exception of one or two instances, in which 
previous information of an intended raid was received 
(in which case the cry was certain to be raised by 
.Members of Parhament and the Nationalist Press that 
the police manufactured the outrage), and of some 
very few others, in which the injured parties gave 
evidence, the police rarely indeed captured a Clare 
moonlighter. 

It was the general and steady assertion of the law 
throughout the country by the late Government that 
brought about a better state of things, and made 
moonlighting rare ; and it was also fear of being tried 
in a strange county, where the issue was by no means 
certain to be in his favour, that made the moonlighter 
pause before he indulged in his favourite pursuit. 

It is now believed, rightly or wrongly, that, having 
regard to many of its acts, the present Irish Govern- 
ment is less anxious to enforce the lavv than was its 
predecessor, and that there is therefore little or no 
risk in drawing in advance upon Home Rule. 



REVIVAL OF THE PLAN OP 
CAMPAIGN. 



The Independent of March nth, 1893, contains 
the following paragraph : — ■ ' ? 

ADOPTION OF THE PLAN OK CAMPAIGN IN WEXFORD. ' 

Wexford, Friday. 
A meeting was held to-night of tenants on the 
estate of Lord Templemore in South Wexford to 
consider his lordship's refusal to grant- a reduction - 
of 25 per cent, on the rent now due. It was resolved 
to revive the Plan of Campaign. Trustees were ap- 
pointed, and a levy of 6d. in the pound adopted' for 
the defence of the tenants proceeded against. 



61 



2i^0TES FROM IRELAND. 



THE 



ANTI-PARNBLLITE 
VENTION. 



CON- 



In the Rotunda, Dublin, on March 8th, the 
clerical party assembled in convention to con- 
sider the Home Rule Bill. In Mr. M'Carthy's 
absence, the chair was occupied by Mr. Thos. 
Sexton, M.P. According to the Freetiian's 
Journal \.\\ere were 280 Roman Catholic priests 
present as delegates. The Indepoiaent 

(Parnellite) says : — 

The mind of man cannot conceive a more glaring 
imposture, a more shameless fraud, than the Whig 
Convention which met in the Rotunda on yesterday. 
It was not a gathering of delegates. It was com- 
posed of a large number of clergymen from the 
country, each of whom brought with him two or three, 
or more, tame Whigs from his own locality. I'hese 
laymen had as much an opinion of their own upon 
any question connected with Home Rule as if they 
were so many fowl being brought to marl<et. Their 
business was to cheer when their custodians gave the 
signal. Once a private individual expressed a desire 
to say something in response to the formal invitation 
of the Chairman, and he was promptly shouted 
down. Freedom of speech, even of Whig speech, was 
not consistent with the programme. Truly, a more 
simple programme was never submitted to any 
assembly of an ostensibly representative and de- 
liberadve character. It consisted of two items only. 
The first was the registering of the decrees of the 
English Whigs as regards Home Rule, and the ac- 
ceptance without discussion, examination, or inquiry 
of Mr. Gladstone's proposals as interpreted by Mr. 
Sexton. The second was the issue of an appeal for 
more funds. 



THE PRIEST IN POLITICS. 



MEDI/EVAL TYRANNY. 

Here is a letter which Dr. Nulty's administrator has 
addressed to a CaUiolic Guardian : — 

The Palace, Mullingar, 

26lh February, 1S93. 

Mv Dear Mr. I am writing you a short note 

with reference to the guardianship of Division 

during the ensuing year. Some time ago your action ds 
Poor Law Guardran for the division did not by any means 
give satisfaction to the great bulk of your electors. The 
priests of the parish here, as well as the priest of Bally- 
nacargy, were very much disappointed with you. 

Unless we get an assurance from you in writing at 
once that you will not vote for the cause of faction in 
future, either in connection with the giving of the printing 
contract to the Examiner, or the opposing of any Catholic 
question that may come before the Board of Poor Law 
Guardians, we will consider it our duty to have a candi- 
date nominated in opposition to you. —Faithfully yours, 

J. Drum, Adm. 

It is really difficult (says the Independent) to conceive 
that any clergyman could wilfully compose such a 
letter. But there it is ! Father Drum, writing from 
'1 he Palace, Mullingar, gives this Catholic guardian of 
the poor a clear intimation that he will be opposed as 



an enemy of the Church unless he pledges himself to 
join the Federation and to help the holy movement 
for the ruin of the Examiner. He must not vote 
except as Father Drum pleases, or "We" of The 
Palace will consider it our duty to select an opposition 
candidate ! Talk of medieval tyranny ! 'Ihe des- 
potism which every country curate is now attempting to 
set up on his OAfn behalf might become more galling 
than any but the worst excesses of the old feudal 
lords. 



A LEAGUE BRANCH OR A POOR 
LAW BO ARD-WHICH ? 



The Middleton Poor Law Guardians, who are 
essentially a Nationalist body, apparently take a 
more genuine delight in working the agrarian 
field than in administering the cut-and-dry laws 
which are supposed to gu de their deliberations. 
At a recent meeting they unanimously passed a 
resolution " with the view of stopping the practice 
of grabbing," the grabbers (tell it not in Gath), 
being " friends of Roman Catholic clergymen." 
We give the report as we find it in the columns 
of the Cork Examiner of the 27th ult : — 

Mr. T. Walsh called attention to the recen' 
eviction of the O'Neill family at Ballydaniel. The 
tenant and his nine children, he said, had been evicted, 
and he thought the eviction was about as heartless a one 
as had taken place in the country, and those who 
ordered the eviction could not have selected a worse 
or a harsher day for carrying it out than Friday was. 

Mr. Coppinger asked could they do any good for 
the tenant now. 

Mr. Walsh said certainly they could, because the 
sum of ^3 over and above the old rack rent had been 
offered over the head of the tenant for the farm, and 
it was with the view of stopping the practice of grabbing 
that he spoke of the matter at all. He was sorry to 
say that the parties who were going behind the back of 
the tenant and going to grab the frrm were friends of 
Roman Catholic clergyinen. All the mischief done 
lately in that respect had been done by those persons. 
The tenant in the present case was a middleman, and 
was between two millstones, for between the granting of 
reductions to his tenants and the grinding down of him- 
self by the landlord he lost his property. Twenty-nine 
years ago the tenant just evicted was forced to take 
the farm. at a rent of ^'97 9s., the rent before that 
being ;^79, and from that day to this no reduction had 
ever been granted. 

A guardian asked who was the landlord, and Mr. 
Walsh said Messrs. Gubbins and how. Jf, he continued, 
there was anyone so wicked as to covet the home of 
O'Neill and his family, they were bound to e.vpress their 
disapproval. He begged to propose " That any person 
or persons negotiating with the landlord or his agent in 
this case, without the consent of the tenant, incurs our 
grave censure." 'J'hat uas a resolution which he hoped 
every guardian would sanction. 

The motion was seconded by Mr. R. Walsh, and 
VLna.n\mon%\y agrttd \.o.— Cork Examiner^ 27th Feb- 
ruary, 1893. 



^OtES FROM IBETjANB. 



8S 



A DIURNAL 

OP EVENTS RELATING TO IRELAND. 



Iffarcll 8. — Demonstration of nearly 
3,000 women in Londonderry to protest 
against Home Rule Bill. 

— ■ The Committee of Privileges repre- 
senting the Conference of the Methodist 
Church of Ireland held special meeting in 
Dublin, and passed resolutions condemning 
the Home Rule Bill, and adopted a peti- 
tion to the House of Commons against it. 

— The Conservative Party in both 
Houses of Parliament held a Conference at 
the Carlton Club, under the presidency of 
the Marquis of Salisbury. Speeches were 
delivered by the Marquis of Salisbury, Mr. 
Balfour, Lord Randolph Churchill, Sir W. 
Hart Dyke, and Col. Saunderson. Lord 
R. Churchill said he took the opportunity 
of expressing his desire to promote as far 
as he could vigorous opposition to the per- 
nicious legislation proposed by the present 
Government. He added that his best 
efforts in that direction would always be at 
the disposal of his friend and political chief, 
Mr. Balfour. 

— Mr. Balfour spoke at a banquet given 
at Ealing to celebrate the return to Par- 
liament of Lord George Hamilton ami his 
six Conservative colleagues for the County 
of Middlesex. He confined his speech 
solely to the English aspect of the Home 
Rule Bill, and in conclusion said it deals a 
not less deadly blow at that which, in 
short-sightedness and selfishness, the Eng- 
lish consider their own affairs, than it deals 
to the Irish Loyalists. 

— Convention of Anti-Parnellite Dele- 
gates held in Dublin, Mr. T. Sexton pre- 
siding. 

— The Marquis of Ripon, speaking at 
the Liberal Club, Cambridge University, 
said the language used by the Rev. Dr. 
Kane and Mr. Johnston, M.P., to the 
Orangemen of Ulster, if it meant anything, 
meant treason. 

— Meeting of Unionists at Kingstown. 
The Right Hon. Ion Trant Hamilton, 
D.L., took the chair. The Chairman, 
Lord Powerscourt, Mr. Maurice Dockrell, 
Lord Fingall, the Hon. Horace Plunkett, 
M.P. ; Lord Louth, &c., addressed the 
meeting, and resolutions protesting against 
Home Rule Bill unanimously adopted. 

— Letter appeared in Freeman's Journal 
signed by T. M. Healy, W. M. Murphy, 
and Joseph Mooney, Directors oi Freeman s 
Jomnal, Limited, stating that Mr. Gray 
had parted with his qualification as a 
Director and thereby created a vacancy on 
the Board. The letter also stated that Mr. 
Dillon had moved to co-opt Alderman 
Kernan, to whom they objected on account 
of his avowed Parnellism, and that they 
felt bound to submit the facts to the jiidg- 
ment of the shareholders and the public. 

9. — Parnellite Convention held in Dub- 
lin. • Mr. John Redmond, M.P., presided, 



and in opening the proceedings said that 
the attitude of the Independent Party in 
Parliament was twofold — first, the Inde 
pendent Party said that it was the utmost 
folly to speak of finality in connection with 
the Bill ; and secondly, they refused to give 
a definite judgment on the Bill until they 
saw its shape after passing through Com- 
mittee. 

— Mr. Gladstone, in a letter to the 
Secretary, Irish Unionist Alliance, declined 
to receive deputation of commercial gen- 
tlemen from Ireland in reference to the 
Government of Ireland Bill. 

— The Cork Grand Jury pass resolution 
unanimously condemning Bill, 

— Unionist meetings held at Collon, 
County Louth ; Florencecourt, Ballycum- 
ber. King's County ; Brookeborough, 
Armagh ; Fintona, Glenageary, Athlone, 
and Galway, at which resolutions were pro- 
posed and adopted condemning Bill. 

— In the House of Commons, in reply 
to Colonel Saunderson and Mr. W. Kenny, 
Mr. Morlcy said that between the present 
time and the Summer Assizes the Govern- 
ment would consider what course they 
would pursue as to agrarian crime in the 
South of Ireland and the refusal of juries 
to convict. Mr. Gladstone announced that 
the Evicted Tenants' Commission Report 
would be taken next Monday, and the 
Home Rule Bill next Thursday. 

— Letter in Freeman's Journal from 
Archbishop Walsh stating that he had read 
with amazement and regret the letter 
signed by three Directors of the Freeman's 
Journal. He appealed to Messrs. Sexton 
and Dillon not to allow themselves to be 
drawn into a newspaper controversy, the 
only result of which could be to make sport 
for the enemies of Home Rule in Ireland. 



10. — Alderman Kernan co-opted a mem- 
ber of the Board of the Freeman's Journal. 

— Letter in Freeman's Journal, signed 
by Messrs. Healy, Murphy, and Mooney, 
explaining their action at the meeting of 
the Board when Alderman Kernan was 
co-opted. 

— Deputation of gentlemen representing 
the Unionists of the commercial commu- 
nities of Dublin, and the South and West 
of Ireland, waited upon Lord Salisbury at 
Arlington Street to lay before him their 
views on the Home Rule Bill. With Lord 
■Salisbury were Mr. A. J. Balfour, Lord R. 
Churchill, and Mr. Goschen. Lord Iveagh 
introducd the members of the deputation. 
Lord Salisbury, replying, said — " My Lord 
and gentlemen, I shall not, in the presence 
of my colleagues, detain you by many re- 
marks, but I will say that I wish to express 
my deep sense of the importance of this 
deputation and the imperious duty that is 
lymg upon everyone who has any respon- 
sibility with respect t this Bill to listen to 
the voice of those who represent the com- 



I merce, the economy, and the welbbeing of 
Ireland. I am, indeed, very much sur- 
prised that the Prime Minister should have 
declined to listen to this deputation. I am 
surprised that he did not earnestly welcome 
you as being able to offer him facts by 
which he might have been guided in the 
most perilous and difficult task that any 
Minister in any age of this country has 
ever undertaken." (Hear, hear ) Lord 
Iveagh thanked Lord Salisbury for the 
warm and friendly way in which he had 
received the deputation, and also thanked 
Mr. Balfour, Lord R. Churchill, and Mr.. 
Goschen for the speeches they had so 
kindly made, in consequence of which they 
would go back to Ireland cheered and 
encouraged. The deputation subsequently 
waited upon the Duke of Devonshire, Mr. 
Chamberlain, and Sir H. James, being 
introduced by Mr. W. Kenny, M.P , and 
received from them assurances of the most 
strenuous resistance to the Bill. 

— Mr. Gladstone moved for a Saturday 
sitting of the House, and a debate followed 
on the question of the attempt of the Gov- 
ernment to rush the Home Rule Bill. 
Three divisions took place, on an amendment 
to set aside the proposal on the closure, 
and on the original motion, and the Gov- 
ernment majorities were reduced to 21, 22, 
and 27, respectively. 

— A meeting of tenants took place on' 
the estate of Lord Templemore, South 
Wexford, and it was resolved to revive the 
Plan of Campaign, as 25 per cent reduc- 
tion on the rents due had been refused. A 
levy of 6d. in the pound was adopted for 
the defence of such tenants as should be 
proceeded against. 

— Meeting of Graduates of Dublin Uni- 
versity held in Trinity College. Speeches 
were delivered by Professor Dowden, Dr. 
Shaw, &c., and resolutions passed protest- 
ing against the Home Rule Bill. 



11. — Orange demonstration in Leinster 
Hall, Dublin, to protest against Bill. 
Speeches were delivered by Lord Erne, 
who presided Mr. W. G. E. Macartney, 
M.P. ; Rev. Canon O'Connor, The Hon. 
Hercules Rowley, Mr. J, R. Fowder, Mr. 
W. E. Caldbeck, &c. 

— Executive Committee of Irish Land- 
owners' Convention at their meeting 
adopted resolutions setting forth grounds of 
objection to all the recommendations of the 
Evicted Tenants' Commission. 

— Archbishop Walsh, in letter to Free- 
man's Journal, appeals to Messrs. Dillon 
and Sexton not to allow themselves to be 

oved from their firm position by the 
shockingly wanton renewed attack made 
upon them by Messrs. Healy, Motoneyi 
and Murphy. He states that the atack 
made upon them is a grossly calumnious 
one, and that the letters published against 
them by their assailants contain both im- 
putations and positive statements, which at 



66 



NOTES FS03I IRELAND. 



least two of the writers whose names are 
signed to the letters have every reason to 
know to be wholly devoid of truth. 

13. — Mr. Gladstone confined to bed. 
Symptoms suggestive of influenza. 

— In the House of Commons Sir \V. 
Harcourt, in reply to Mr. Balfour, said that 
the motion for second reading of the Home 



Rule Bill must be postponed until after 
Easter. In Committee of Supply on the 
vote of £2,iyo for the expenses of the 
Evicted Tenants' Commission, Mr. T. W. 
Russell moved to strike out the item. Mr. 
Morley replied, and Messrs. Balfour, 
Chamberlain, Kenny, Carson, and Sir 
Charles Russell spoke. Mr. Russell's 
amendment was rejected by 287 votes to 
250. 



— Meeting of Loyalists of County Kil- 
dare to protest against Bill. The High 
Sheriff presided, and amongst the speakers 
were the Duke of Leinster and the Earl of 
Mayo. 

— Meetings to jjrotest against Bill hekl 
by Dublin City and County Conservative 
Workingmen's Club, and by residents of 
Kingstown and Glasnevin. 



BISHOP NULTY ON THE PAR- 
NELLITBS. 



The Most Eev Dk. Nulty, Bishop of Meath^ 
visited Trim on JVlarch 9th to perform the pro- 
fession and reception of three ladies in the Order 
of Mercy. A deputation waited upon his lord- 
ship after the ceremony and presented him with 
an address. In his reply Dr. Nulty said: — 

This rarnellism has created disunion, hate, and 
animosities ainong the people ; it has led to crime and 
drunkenness and impurity, and to disloyalty to the 
clergy. We had to defend ourselves against this 
movement, and if it were a question of politics alone 
I would never oppose my people. I could not agree 
with them, because they were wrong in their polihcal 
view, and I could not, therefore, go with them ; but 
I would not oppose them if it were that only. 1 would 
let the I'arnellites have their way. But it is more 
than a question of politics ; it is a question of religion 
as well, and on a question of religion no Bishop and 
no honest Catholic could make any compromise with 
the enemy. (Hear, hear.) Of course 1 don't mean 
to say that they understand it in that light. If they 
did i don't believe that they would remain as they are 
for a moment. (Hear, hear.) I am now an old man. 
I know my religion as well, I think, as any Bishop. 
I was present in the Vatican Council, and addressed 
the Council, and I can say that now after all these 
years I krow my religion. I have been fifty-four 
years studying theology, and would you not imagine 
that for a man of ordinary intellect or understanding 
fifty-four years of close and attentive application to 
the business of his calling he ought to know something 
about it ? i say it is not a question of politics alone, 
but of religion as well. (Hear, hear.) I say that I am 
the accredited pastor sent by God Almighty to the 
people m this diocese, and if it were a mere matter of 
politics, while I would not go with those people, 
because, as a matter of politics alone, they are wrong, 
while 1 would not go with them, I would let them 
have their way. But, on a question of religion, I 
would not compromise. I would be a traitor to my 
religion it 1 entered into any compromise. T/iey 
opposed us, and we opposed them, and we beat them 
—(applause)— <///iZ' toe icntl beat them again and 
ajam. 1 Applause.) They gained a temporary triumph 
over us at t lie petition inquiries, but their triumph was 
soon converted into defeat. (Applause.) A7id as we 
beat tliem t/ien we will go on beating than for ever as 
long as they challenge the people's verdict. (Loud 
applause.)— /'rf.7//,?«'j-/()///7/,?/, loth .Marc'i 1891 



THE EVICTED TENANTS' COM- 
MISSION. 



MR. MORLEY AND MR. REDINGTON. 
Mr. John Morley, M.P., speaking at Newcastle on 
the 8th December, 1892, said — '' What is the sense 
of saying that a Commission of this kind was a packed 
Commission ? I declare to you I think there would 
have been much more reason if the tenants had com- 
plained that the Commission was packed against 
them." — haily iW-ws, gth December, 1892. 

In the debate in the House of Commons on 13th 
March, 1K93, on the Evicted Tenants' Commission, 
Mr. Morley said — "There were four gentlemen of 
Nationalist learning on the Commission, though none 
of them were active politicians." — The Times, 14th 
March, 1893. 

The following letter from Mr. Redington, which 
was read on December loth, 1S89, at the Galway 
Convention of the Tenants' Defence Association 
hardly corroborates Mr. Morley's description of one 
of the three Commissioners who remained steadfast to 
him. It is well to remember that the Tenants' 
Defence Association had other objects in view besides 
defending the tenants. " Every blow that was struck 
at landlordism," said Mr. Leamy, M.P., the Chairman 
of the Meath Convention, " was a blow struck for the 
legislative independence of Ireland." — Treeman's 
Journal, 22nd November, 1889. 

Reform Club, Manchester, 

December 6th, 1889. 
My Dear F.ather Dooley, — I am e.xtremely obliged 
to you for the invitation you have sent me to attend the 
meeting of the Tenants' Defence Association at Galway 
on the loth inst. I am, however, engaged to speak at 
several meetings in this county on behalf of the Liberal 
and Home Rule cause ; and shall not be at home till after 
that date. Any movement directed to the support o( 
tenants in their struggles with unreasonable landlords, 
and carried on with due regard to the claims of justice 
and equality, has my hearty sympathy. I consider those 
landlords " unreasonable " who refuse to refer the disputes 
between them and their tenantry to impartial arbitration. 
The principle of arbitration has been tried with emintnt 
success in many English trade disputes, and is looked 
upon by our wisest thinkers as the only satisfactory 
method of solving all grave social problems. Such 
arbitration should include power to reinstate evicted 
tenants and remit costs in all cases where the landlord is 
proved to have been in the wrong. It is, in my opinion, 
the duty of the Government to compel both landlords and 
tenants to submit their quarrels to the decision of a 
fairly-constituted tribunal. If they neglect this duly they 
will be morally responsible fjr all the suffering, discon- 
tent, and even worse troubles, which may ensue, and will 
■ niperil the tiu- iniere's.s of .di rediunab.e and fair- 
minded landlords. 

Believe me to be, yours very truly, 

C. T. Redington. 
Freeman''; Journal, nth December, 1889. 



NOTES FROM IRELAND. 



87 



COMMERCIAL DEPUTATION TO 
THE UNIONIST LEADERS. 



On March loth a deputation of Irish Com- 
mercial gentlemen waited upon Lord Salisbury 
at his residence, Arlington Street, to lay before 
him their views on the Government of Ireland 
Hill. With Lord Salisbury were Mr. A. J. 
Balfour, Lord Randolph Churchill, and Mr. 
Goschen. The same deputation had an inter- 
view with the Duke of Devonshire, Mr. Cham- 
berlain, and Sir Henry James in one of the 
Committee Rooms of the House of Commons. 
Mr. Gladstone, on the day previous, wrote 
through his secretary stating that " he does not 
think any advantage is likely to be derived from 
the proposed deputation," and " therefore he is 
not able to receive them." 

Lord Iveagh introduced the members of the deputa- 
tion, which consisted of the following gentlemen, nine 
of whom alone represented 40 millions of capital : — 
Mr. Joseph Hone, Governor, Bank of Ireland ; Mr. 
H. Dudgeon (Dudgeon & Sons), stockbroker; Mr. 
John Jameson (John Jameson & Son), distiller; 
Mr. John Chambre, wine merchant ; Mr. James 
Sheill, corn merchant ; Mr. John R. Wigham 
(Edmundson & Co.), engineer, Hon. Secretary Dub- 
lin Chamber of Commerce; Mr. Joseph Pike, J. P., 
T.C., Chairman Cork Steamship Company, and 
Director Cork, Bandon, and South Coast Railway 
Company; Mr. H. S. Persse, distiller, Galway ; Mr. 
Alexander I). Kennedy, solicitor and insurance 
manager ; Mr. Wm. Watson, Managing Director City 
of Dublin Steam Packet Co., and Director Dublin, 
Wicklow, and Wexford Railway ; Mr. Maurice E. 
Dockrell, J. P., contractor; Mr. G. B. Thompson, wine 
merchant; Mr. W. J. Goulding, J.P., D.L., Director 
Great Southern and Western Railway Company ; 
Mr. G. F. Pitzgerald, F. T.C.D. ; Mr. Fane Vernon, 
Director of Bank of Ireland and Director Great Nor- 
thern Railway, Ireland ; Mr. Arthur Andrews, wine 
merchant ; Mr. James Talbot Power (John Power & 
Son), distiller; Alderman Sir John Harley Scott, J. P., 
iron and coal merchant and steamship owner, Cork ; 
Mr. Frederick W. Pirn, manufacturer. Director Dublin, 
We.xford, and Wicklow Railway; Mr. Joseph T. Pirn, 
manufacturer and member of the Port and Docks 
Board ; Mr. M. B. Murray, distiller, Dundalk ; Mr. 
Edward Watson, Managing Director City of Dublin 
Steampacket Company; Mr. H. L. Barnardo, J. P., 
P.L.G. ; iMr. Andrew Jameson, brewer, Director of 
the Bank of Ireland; Mr. F. C. Pilkington, and 
Messrs. E. and J. Burke, Directors National Assurance 
Company ; Mr. Percy Kinahan (Kinahan & Co., 
Limited), merchant ; Mr. Marcas Goodbody (T. P. 
and R. Goodbody), tobacco manufacturers, Dublin 
and Tullamore ; Mr. S. Boyd (Boileau and Boyd), 
wholesale druggists ; Mr. George Casson, J. P., city and 
county of Dubim ; Mr. A. Henry, solicitor ; Mr. R. H. 
Jephson, J. P., ex-Government Auditor and Arbitrator 
of the Board of Trade ; Mr. T. C. Franks, ex-President 
Incorporated Law Society ; Mr. Richard Pim, Dublin 
Stock Exchange; Ah-. James Gray, Chairman Great 
Northern Railway of Ireland Company; Mr. John 



R. Fowler, Mr. Robert Goodbody (T. P. and R. 
Goodbody), tobacco manufacturers, Dublin and Tul- 
lamore ; Mr. W. B. Jameson, Director of Dublin 
Distilleries ; Mr. J. J. Pim, Deputy Chairman of the 
Great Southern and Western Railway, and Director 
of the Bank of Ireland ; Irish Lights Board ; Mr. 
Andrew Beattie, J. P., T.C., Director of Thomas 
M'Kenzie & Sons, Limited, Dublin, Director of Rings- 
end Bottle Co., Limited ; Mr. Dunbar P. Barton, M.P., 
Director of Arthur Guinness, Sons, & Co., Limited; 
Mr. Thomas K. Austin, J. P., Director of the Cork and 
Bandon Railway Co; Mr. Edward Walpole, linen 
draper and manufacturer ; Mr. Percy La Touche, 
J. P., Chairman Barrow Navigation Company; Mr. G. 
Kinahan, J. P., Director of the Bank of Ireland, and 
Director of the City of DubHn Steamship Co.; Sir 
Richard Martin, Director of the Dublin. Wicklow, 
and Wexford Railway Company ; Mr. R. ^Vorthington, 
J. P., Railway Contractor; Mr. A. Sharman Crawford, 
merchant; also Mr. W. Kenny, Q.C., iM.P., and Mr. 
Farquharson of the Irish Unionist Alliance. 

Mr. John R. Wigham, Hon. Secretary of the 
Dublin Chamber of Commerce, read the follow- 
ing address at Arlington Street. The same 
address was read by Mr. F. W. Pim to the 
Liberal Unionist Leaders : — 

" The deputation which waits on you to-day con- 
sists of representatives of commercial interests in the 
three Southern Provinces of Ireland, who are united 
in the belief that the Home Rule Bill now before 
Parhament will, if passed into law, arrest the growing 
prosperity of Ireland, which, under the firm rule of 
the last few years, had been steadily increasing. We 
represent no separate creed or class, and we desire no 
ascendency, social or religious. We are all personally 
concerned and vitally interested in the development 
of the industries of Ireland. We know that for that 
development, and for the happiness and prosperity of 
the Irish people of all classes, a steady and just 
government, with eijual rights and equal liberties for 
all, is before all things essential, and we hold, with 
unhesitating conviction, that the Government of 
Ireland Bill offers no prospect either of equal liberties 
or of just and steady government. Into the specific 
provisions of the measure itself we do not propose to 
enter. Its whole scope appears to us radically unjust, 
and certain to promote neither peace nor progress in 
Ireland. The proposed scheme of a separate Legis- 
lature gives enormous powers for mischievous inter- 
ference with individual and corporate rights qualified 
only by artificial and impracticable limitations. The 
special safeguards devised for the supposed protection 
of minorities seem to us likely rather to intensify and 
embitter party animosities than to allay them. Much 
has been done within the last few years, both by 
Government assistance and by private effort, for the 
material advancement of Ireland. The effects of 
these efforts are just now beginning to show them- 
selves, and all classes in Ireland were looking to the 
future with renewed and, as we believe, with well- 
grounded hope, in which party feeling and barren 
political agitation were rapidly coming down. The 
Bill of the Government throws amongst us a new 
apple of discord, and plunges Ireland again into a 
state of pohtical and party ferment which cannot but 



88 



JS'OTES FROM lltELAyD. 



arrest business enterprise in every direction. We find 
in the Bill no prospect of anything but the perpetua- 
tion and intensification of the unsettlement which has 
so long been a source of shame and sorrow to all 
true friends of Ireland, and we earnestly trust, not 
only for the sake of Ireland, but for the sake also of 
the United Kingdom, of which Ireland still forms an 
integral part, and of the empire in which Irishmen, 
attached subjects of our gracious Queen, and loyal 
adherents of the Constitution, have been proud to 
have their birthright, that it may never be allowed to 
pass into law." 

Full report of the replies can be had in the 
daily Press of March nth, 1893. 



STATE OF KERRY. 



JUDGE O'BRIEN'S CHARGE TO THE GRAND 

JURY. 
Mr. Justice O'Brien opened the Kerry Spring 
Assizes at Tralee on 7th March. Addressing the 
Grand Jury his lordship said : — 

Looking at the usual material of information which 
exists for the guidance of a judge in making some 
observations concerning the state of the country 
generally each returning assizes, I find that the 
aggregate of crime is numerically less than that of the 
corresponding period of last year. There are 87 cases 
altogether reported to the constabulary, as against 100 
cases of the previous year. They are all cases, however, 
of the same class, and when I come to make my way 
through the details in order to arrive at those cases, 
that class of case which furnishes the real test of the 
condition of the county in reference to tranquillity, 
I find the same steady unvarying range of offences 
which indicate a condition of great disturbance and 
disorder, and I am even surprised at the constant 
accuracy with which the same figures occur in reference 
to that class of offences, resisting apparently all 
diminution, however it may affect other classes of 
crime. There are Jive cases of cattle stealing, and 
cattle stealing in some of I hose cases not with the 
ordinary object of criminally appropriating another 
person's property, but all arising out of one or other 
form of lawlessness, and to some degree connected 
with the possession of land. There are thirteen cases of 
arson, a much smaller number than those reported for 
the corresponding period of last year, but on reading 
over the numbers I find they are almost always too 
connected with the possession of land, and are not 
those cases of arson with which your experience as 
Grand Jurors may make you very familiar, namely, 
reported crimes of arson made with a view to claims 
for compensation. There are twelve cases of killing 
and maiming cattle, a large increase upon the number 
of the previous year, that shocking and revolting 
crime that I have often had occasion to refer to in 
this county as one that really tends to lower human 
nature itself, and some even in this particular indicating 
a refinement, an invention of cruelty of an extra- 
ordinary kind. There are four charges which 
appear under the head of intimidation, but an 
intimidation of a very strange kind, cases of offences 
consisting of firing into houses, occupied houses, in the 
presence of persons occupying them. There are two 



of them of that character and two others of breaking 
into houses at night by violence, causing people to 
take 6aths that they would not exercise their ordinary 
rights in reference to their own domestic or social 
affairs.and one of them exhibitingunparalleled ingenuity 
and originality, the intimidation consisting of means 
taken to deny to a woman in her confinement medical 
aid only to be placed side by side with a case that has 
occurred in my own experience where the person was 
intimidated from going for a priest to attend a person 
who was dying. Several other of these cases which 
, have been reported to the constabulary are apparently 
of the ordinary kind of domestic or social crime. 
Although so many as fifteen bills of indictment will be 
laid before you, they 7-epresent, indeed, a lamentable, 
though by no means exceptionally small, fart of the 
actual crime committed, for I find that of the thirteen 
cases of arson, which, however, is a secret crime, and of 
the twelve cases of killing and maiming cattle, which is 
also a crime usually committed in secret, and of no less 
than seventeen threatening notices, by no means the 
mere result of caprice or wantonness, but all of them 
connected with the direct object of intimidation — only 
in one instance has the person guilty been made amen- 
able ; and I find a more remarkable circumstance still 
than that in the account of those returns, in the notes 
subjoined of the instances in which parties have been 
made amenable, that they had been all acquitted upon 
trial before a jury, and the only actual instance of 
conviction were in cases of persons who were sent to 
Cork at the Winter Assizes to be tried, a distinction 
which tells its own story and suggests its own con- 
clusion to any person acquainted with the state of 
things existing in this country and the administration 
of the criminal law. — Irish Times, 8th March, 1893. 



CRIME IN COUNTY CLARE. 



In the House of Commons, March 9th, Colonel 
Saunderson asked the Chief Secretary how many cases 
of moonlighting there were between 20th August, 1891, 
and 2Sth February, 1892, in County Clare, and 
whether he would give descriptions of each, and 
how many non-agrarian cases of moonlighting 
there were for Clare, for Kerry, for Cork, and for 
Limerick during the periods from 20th August, 1892, 
to 28th February, 1893, and from 20th August, 1891, 
to the 2Sth February, 1892? 

Mr. J. Morley — There were 9 cases cf moonlighting, 
agrarian and non-agrarian, in the County of Clare 
between the 20th August, 1891, and the 28th 
February, 1892. These 9 cases were as follows : — ■ 
Firing upon person, i ; firing into dwellings, .\ ; in- 
timidation, 3 ; robbery of arms, i. 'I'he following 
statement gives the numer of non-agrarian cases of 
moonlighting in Clare, Kerry, Cork, and Limerick 
during the two periods mentioned: — Clare, 10, as 
against 3 during the corresponding period preceding; 
Kerry, 3, as against 4 ; Cork, 6, as against i ; and 
Limerick 5, as against nil. This increase of moon- 
lighting, I may say, is manifested not throughout these 
counties in their general areas, but is confined to 
pardcular localities. — Irish Times, loth March, 1893. 



Published by the lElsH Ukionist Alliance, at their Dublin Offices, 109 
QraftOQ Street, aud LoudoD OtUcee, K Fulace Chambers, Westminster, S.W| 



NOTES FROM IRELAND 



*.* A Record of the sayings and doings of the Home Rule Parties in the furtherance of their " Separatist" Policy 
for Ireland; and of fads connected with the country. For the information of the Imperial Parliament, the Press, 
and the Public generally. ___^__. 



No. 12.— Vol. 1.— New Series. 25th MARCH, 1893. 



Price Id. 



Clontettta. page 

The Land Market — Ireland under Mr. Morlet — 
The Minority under Home Rule — Home Rule 

BEFORE THE UNION. 178J-1800 .. ... 89 

BOYOOTTING IN TiPPERARV — L)OUNTY MaYO ... ... 9J 

Nationalists on the Proposed Irish Statesmen — 
Cork— The Dublin Stock Exchange and the 
Home Rule Bill ... ... ... ... 91 

" Rats " Dr. Tanner — A Prophesy — Archbishop 

LoGUE ON Catholic Unioni.sts ... ... 92 

A Diurnal ... ... ... ... ... 93 

The Protestant Prim.ate of Ireland on the Home 
Rule Bill— Why a Roman Catholic Objects to 
Home Rule— Home Rulers Sympathise with 
Foreign Foes— A Proobss-Servbu Assaulted — 
On Protection ... ... ... ... 94 

A History of Ikish Parliaments ... ... 95 

Cardinal Cullen and Home Rule ... 96 



THE LAND MARKET 

Mr. John Power's farm at Spancil Hill, was put up for 
sale at Ennis on the 1 1 inst., and the sale adjourned, tne 
highest bidder being Mr. James Falvey, of Guartaganiv, 
Kilmaley, at ^Sio, the reserved price being Ji^'i^o- 
It has since been purchased privately by Mr. Falvey 
at ;^875, with auctioneer's fees, 5 per cent., making 
the full amount ^918 15s., something over twelve 
years' purchase on the yearly rent, ;£,72. — Minister 
I\leivs and Limerick and Clare Advocate^ 22 nd March, 
1893. 

On yesterday, pursuant to an order of the Vice- 
Chancellor, Messrs. Marsh sold by auction at their 
Sales' Rooms, 70 South Mall, Cork, part of the lands 
of Dooneen, containing about 121a. 2r. i3p., situate 
near Carrigtwohill, County Cork, held for 500 years 
from 1865, at the yearly rent of £i>o. The farm was 
secured by Mr. Denis Regan, Mallow, for the sum of 
;^3oo, subject to the approval of the court. — Cork 
Herald, 14th .March, 1893. 



IRELAND UNDER MR. MORLBY. 

"THE UNHAPPY DOCTRINAIRE LMMERSED 
IN THE INTRICACIES OF PRACTICE." 
Threatening Notices in Kerry. — Several threat- 
ening notices of a curious nature were posted in the 
neighbourhood of Dromartin, near BallydulT, last week. 
The threats contained in the notice referred to a man 
named John Harrington, of Addergowan, because he 
opposed the apphcation of a man named Carroll, for 
compensation for maUcious injury at the last assizes. 
The notices, which were conspicuously posted, were 
addressed to " Ladies and Gentlemen," and invoked 
the " curse of Cromwell " on Harrington, and told him 
to get his coffin ready, as the ^' boys were not dead yet." 
They were taken down by the police. — Kerry Evening 
Post, 15th March, 1S93. 



THE MINORITY UNDER HOME 
RULE. 



A FORETASTE. 
There is a certain field attached to the rectory in 
Killorglin, Co. Kerry, at present in the occupation of 
the Rev. Mr. Eagar, Protestant clergyman, and the 
said field has been in the possession of ihj Church 
Body for forty years, and in the occupation of three 
rectors prior to the Rev. Mr. Eagar. After the first 
reading of the Home Rule Bill a man named Russell, 
who resides adjacent to the rectory, laid claim to the 
field, alleging that his grandfather occupied it at one 
time, and he drove his sheep on to it, and when Mrs. 
Eagar went to remonstrate with him, he told her he 
would put a bullet through her head. He was sum- 
moned to Killorglin Petty Sessions and fined for the 
trespass of the sheep. After this, threatening notices 
of a serious nature were posted on Mr. Eagar's hall- 
door, stabledoor, and gate, also sent by post, threaten- 
ing him with instant death if he did not give up the 
field. The notices contained pictures of coffins. Mr. 
Eagar's workmen went to plough up the field ; they 
were all threatened, and left him, and he is now boy- 
cotted. He is at present under police protection, fol- 
lowed everywhere he goes by two of them. Mr. Eagar 
is a man of 79 years of age, and very delicate. He 
was up to this a most popular man in the district. 

HOME RULE BEFORE THE UNION— 
1780-1800. 



Lord Portland, speaking from his place in the Irish 
Parliament advocating a Union with England, spake 
as follows : — 

" It is, I know, said by some, " let the British Ministry 
leave us to ourselves, and we are very well as we are.' 
Very well as we are ! Gracious God ! of what material 
must the heart of that man be who knows the state of 
this country, and will coldly tell us we are very well as 
we are.'* \Ve have not three years certain redemption 
from bankruptcy, nor one hour's security against the 
renewal of exterminating civil war. Session after session 
have you been compelled to enact laws of unexampled 
rigour and severity to repress the horrid excesses of 
the great mass of the people, and the fury of murder 
and pillage and desolation have so outrun all legisla- 
tion, that you have at length been driven to the hard 
necessity of breaking down the pale of the municipal 
law, and putting your country under the ban of mili- 
tary government. Look to your civil and religious 
dissensions, &c., &c." (" Belsham's Great Britain.") 

This was Home Rule only 90 years ago. 



JVOT£S FROM IliliLAyD. 



BOYCOTTING IN TIPPBRARY. 



* The following letter appears in the Times of 
^vMarch i6th, addressed to the Editor : — 

Sir, — As honorary secretary of the Cloughjordan 
-(-County Tipperary^ Defence Union, I have been re- 
quested to write to you with reference to Mr. Morley's 
answer in the House of Commons to a question of Mr. 
•-Rnssell's on the subject of boycotting here. 

-Mr. Morley states that there is no boycotting, and 
that lie is not aware why the Defence Union was 
started. 

The Defence Union was formed under the following 
circumstances : — Some four months since the boy- 
cotting of respectable and entirely innocent Protestants 
'in this district was widespread and threatened to 
become general — -the originating force being precisely 
the same as that by which the .Meath elections were 
won. 

Four leading Protestant shopkeepers were boycotted, 
and their customers ordered to leave them on pain of 
being themselves boycotted. This order was widely 
obeyed, and these traders were and are heavy losers. 

A decree was issued against a number of froiestant 
farmers that they should not be supplied with threshing 
machines, or helped in any way m realizing the results 
of the harvest ; the offence of these fanners, generally, 
being that they had not subscribed to the National 
Federation, and so could not produce tickets of mem- 
bership. 

Then an order was given to all the local blacksmiths 
not to work for a considerable number of farmers and 
others, and this order was, through fear, strictly 
obeyed. 

Mr. Morley does not consider these sufficient grounds 
for starting a Defence Union, and his statement was 
received with Nationalist applause, but it is anything 
but a laughing matter to us — the sufferers — and every 
right-minded man will repudiate his heartless view of 
the situation. 

After much patient endurance, and when matters 
had become intolerable, we formed our Defence Union, 
which now numbers 74 members — nearly all of whom 
are heads of families. We pledged ourselves to sup- 
port in every way in our power the boycotted shop- 
keepers,and continue to do so; we rescued the boycotted 
farmers from their critical position by ample volunteer 
assistance ; we set up a new forge ; with all necessary 
appliances, and imported a blacksmith from Belfast — 
all at considerable expense— and this man is now here 
in full work for boycotted people. 

Just at present we have boycotting as rampant and 
as vicious as ever, but tempered by the existence of 
our Defence Union ; the monster is at large and 
thirsting for prey, but his teeth are, to a great extent, 
.drawn. 

Now all this is not only known here, it is notorious, 
and the pohce authorities especially are perfectly aware 
<jf all that has come to pass and is stiU going on. 

The state of things is, indeed, deplorable. The 
community is divided into two camps — one eager to 
Strike and injure, the other watchfully defensive, while 



the authorities quietly ignore everything that passes, 
and when brought to book calmly deny the plainest 
and most palpable facts. 

It is not a question of pohtics but of protection for 
peaceful and law-abiding citizens. 

Yours faithfully, 

S. Baker. 
Cloughjordan, March 11. 



COUNTY MAYO. 



In opening the Commission the liord Chief Justice, 
addressing the Grand Jury of the County Mayo, on 
March loth, said — Lord John Brown and gentlemen 
of the Grand Jury of the County of Mayo, the number 
of cases specially reported since last July amounts to 
44 in all. The number for the corresponding period 
last year is 43. Now, deahng with the interval between 
the winter assizes held at Sligo and the present assizes, 
2,0 crimes have been recorded as specially reported. 
The number last year in the corresponding period was 
1 8, showing an increase in the class of serious crimes 
to the extent, gentlemen, of 12. There are upon the 
records before me some offences of the nature that 
indicate in some parts of this county, I regret to say, 
a bad and lawless state. It appears that Lord Lucan 
let some of his land to persons for the purpose of 
grazing. This gave dissatisfaction to some persons 
who desired apparently that the land let should be 
divided into agricultural holdings, and the agent and 
some persons to whom the land was let received threat- 
ening letters. Now, the existence of threatening 
letters do not always indicate the immediate approach 
of outrage, but they show, as I often heard, Lord Fitz- 
gerald, who knew this country very well, observe, that 
they indicate the existence of a demoralised and lawless 
spirit. In this case, because Lord Lucan wished to 
exercise the rights of property, 

VIOLENCE IS THREATENED 

against people who entered into lawful contracts. This 
fact shows a bad and lawless state Now, I find that 
on what is known as the Taaffe estate, some persons 
went round at night, disguised. 1 had better read the 
record — 

On the evening of the 2nd January last a man wearing 
a black ma^k, with a long false white beard, visited 
several tenants on the Taatfe estate, 
(I will not, for obvious reasons, mention the names of 
the tenants.) 

and warned them against the payment of rent, and said 
to two of them who had paid their rent it was a bad 
example to oiher tenants, and they should not have paid 
this bad year ; that it was time enough after the first 
si. ting of Parliament. 
(_\Yhat Parliament that meant I do not know.) 

On the night previous a mansimilarly disguised visited 
tenants in the townlands of Knockamonga and Moate, 
who were aboul to purchase their holdings, and cautioned 



^OTES FBOM IRELAKD. 



91 



them against purchasing unlil they got Home Rule, when 
they would get better terms. 

Well, that is an act of intimidation, and betrays a bad 
and lawless spirit in the country. There are six cases 
of taking forcible possession here, I regret, before me. 
There were none last year. I am glad there are not so 
many cases of arson — one, against five or six last year. 
That is a satisfaction. Bat, gentlemen, there were 
certain meetings or assemblies of people, and their 
action is in no way recorded in any official document 
before me. I have, at the last moment, in answer to 
very special inquiries made by me, ascertained what 
has been done with reference to 

A MAN NAMED MACGINLEY. 

Xow, it appears this man MacGinley took an evicted 
farm, and several hundred persons assembled, evidently 
with a view of intimidating him to give up the farm. 1 
hold a document which has just now been handed to 
me. I have been making special inquiries, and, in 
reply, I have, at the last moment, got this document. 
It is stated that on the 22nd January it was announced 
by notice that a meeting was to be held at Cushlea in 
connection with the taking of land. That meeting, if 
held near the farm, would have had an intimidating effect 
on MacGinley, so it was decided that the meeting 
should not be held near the farm. The police were 
informed of the meeting, and when they went to the 
place they found 500 or 600 persons assembled. The 
persons were making a move towards MacGinley's 
when the police, forty strong, barred their way and 
forced the crowd to retire. Many in the crowd were 
armed with sticks. Some threw stones at the police, 
who then drew their truncheons, but did not use 
them. Now, in my opinion, that was unlawful assembly. 
They evidently came in their hundreds in order to 
terrorise this man into surrendering his just rights. 
They moved towards the house, but were prevented 
from going there by the police. The crowds were 
armed with sticks, and some stones were thrown at the 
police. Well, now, in my judgment, that was an 
unlawful assembly, and should appear on the official 
records before me. It causes a very nasty, uncom- 
fortable, and disagreeable feeling to a judge to have 
these things come out by special inquiries and by 
putting special requisitions. 1 am sure the County 
Inspector is a respectable gentleman, and I have every 
faith in him. I know him for a very long time, and 
I don't know how these things are not entered on the 
records sent to the judge of assize. I may say that 
I believe it was not done with the intention of keeping 
these things back from the knowledge of the presiding 
judge, because if that was done it should be extremely 
discreditable. However, the fact remains that there 
was no mention of this unlawful assembly on the 
record before me. Jn my opinion it should have been 
there. Now, I understand from the County Inspector, 
upon whom I make no reflection at all, that there is to 
be a public meeting next Sunday. Persons have 
announced their intention to assemble in hundreds and 
march to MacGinley's farm, and demand the surrender 
tliereof. I understand that the County Inspector most 
properly has reported that to the Onvernment. I am 
quite sure the Government will take ;..opcr measures, 
gentlemen, to prevent tiiis breach of the law. — 
Freeman's Journal, nth March, 1823. 



NATIONALISTS ON THE PROPOSED 
IRISH STATESMEN. 



Messrs. Sextox, Dillon, and Healy, in event of 
Home Rule becoming a tact, would be leading 
statesmen. Here is a Nationalist opinion of 
them : — 

That we look upon the miserable wrangle among 
the directors of the apostate journal as further evidence 
of the utter mcapacity of the leaders of the Whig party 
in Ireland to administer the affairs of this country, be- 
lieving, as we do, that men who in so short a time 
have, by bungling stupidity, wrecked a once flourishing 
concern like the Freeman s Journal., could never under 
any tuition possess sufficient intelligence or business 
knowledge to look after the interests of a nation. 

[Resolution passed at the Kingstown branch of the 
League, 15th March, 1893.] 



CORK. 

JUD'GE GIBSON'S REMARI>LS. 

Charging the Grand Jury of the County of 
Cork ivlr. Justice Gibson said : — 

It is impossible to read the constabulary returns with- 
out being struck by tlie circumstances of the unwilling- 
ness of tiie persons injured to come forward and pro- 
secute, and that unwillingness naturally enough is 
likely to be increased if the result of the prosecutions 
will be abortive, because so far from the injured 
persons punishing the criminals they only stimulate 
their vengeance by abortive prosecutions. It is a class 
of crime m which it is very hard to bring the offenders 
to justice in a local venue, i trust th.it the vigilance 
of the officers of police in carrying out their duty will 
not be relaxed, and that crimes based upon intmiida- 
tion and nocturnal attack will not become more 
numerous by impunity or by any relaxation of efforts 
on the part of the officers of the law. — Freeman's 
Journal, 14th March, 1893. 



THE DUBLIN STOCK EXCHANGE 
AND THE HOME RULE BILL. 



Out of 66 members of the Dublin Stock 
txchange, 61 (one being absent), have signed a 
petition to Parliament against the Home Rule 
Bill. The document declares : — • 

" Your petitioners can testify that immediately 
previous to the introduction of this measure these 
undertakings generally had reached a degree of credit 
and prosperity never before surpassed, but the pubHca- 
tion of the conditions and full text of the aforesaid Bill 
created an intense feeling of alarm amongst holders of 
all classes of securities in Ireland, resulting in a 
depreciation in their market value to the extent of 



9)8? 



^OTES FROM IRELAND. 



several Ttiillions sterling. This unrest has since, to 
some extent, been temporarily allayed by the opinion 
gaining ground that the measure may not become law. 
" Your petitioners include men of various religions 
and political opinions, who could not possibly have 
joined so universally in this petition had not their ex- 
perience so seriously impressed them with the dangers 
to be apprehended from the passing of a bill so framed 
as that now under consideration." — Irish Times, 1 8th 
March, 1893. 



"RATS" DR. TANNER. 



Trife Cork correspondent to the Dublin Herald 
writes : — ■ 

Theaccusation made against Dr. Tanner inthe House 
of Commons that he said "Rats" when Mr. 
Chamberlain or some other seceding Liberal got up to 
speak, has created much amusement here. The idea 
of Dr. Tanner sneering at any seceder ! Why, the man 
has himself " ratted " twice in little more than half-a- 
dozen years. First of all he '-ratted " from the Tories, 
and, if rumour speaks truly, it was not because he was 
convinced of the truth Of Nationalism. 1 hen we all 
know how he " ratted " from Parnell, on high religious 
and moral grounds of couise. The Doctor's special 
mission is to protect the Catholic clergymen from those 
terrible Catholics who persistently decline to " rat " to 
order, as Dr. Tanner showed them how to do. It is a 
wonder that the word " rats " does not stick in his 
throat and choke him. Ue is one of the many men in 
tlae House of Commons who should forget that such a 
term is to be found in the dictionary. — Herald, 18th 
iVIarch, 1893. 



A PROPHESY. 



Charles LtViiR has always been looked upon 
as our cleverest and most amusing writer ; but 
h'^ now comes before the world man)- years after 
his death as the greatest prophet of modern times. 
This is how he rang the prophetic bell in his 
book, " The Knight of Gwynne," forty years 
ago ;— 

. I tell you the demagogue, the public disturber, the 
licensed hawker of small grievances, every briedess 
lawj'er of bid fortune and worse language, every 
mendicant patriot that can minister to the passions of a 
people deserted by their natural protectors, the day will 
qome, my Lord, when these men will grow ambitious— 
their aspirings may become troublesome. If you coerce 
them they are martyrs ; conciliate them and they are 
privileged. What will happen then? You will be 
asked to repeal the Union, you will be charged with all 
the venality . by which you carried your Dill ; every 
injustice with which it is chargeable, and with a 
hundred other faults and crimes with which it is uncon- 
nected. You witl be asked, 1 say, to repeal the Union, 
and make of those rabbl-j, those dogs, and s. keepings of 
.1 party, a Farliameut. Vou shake your head No,\io, 
rt,is by no means impossible, i do not think it even 



remote. I speak as an old man, and age, if it have 
any deficiencies as regards the past, has at least some 
prophetic foresight for the future. 

Inthe Lower House, politics will become a trade to 
live by, and the L'ish party, with such an admirable 
market for grievances, will be a strong and comp.act 
body in Parliament too numerous to be bought by 
anything save great concessions. Englishmen will 
never understand the truth of the condition of the 
country from those men, nor how little personal 
importance they possess at home. They will be re- 
garded as the exponents of Irish opinion ; they will 
browbeat, denounce, threaten, fawn, and flatter by turns, 
and Ireland, instead of being easier to govern, will be 
rendered ten times more difticult by all the obscuring 
influences of falsehood and misrepresentatian. 



ARCHBISHOP LOGUE ON CATHOLIC 
UNIONISTS. 



The question of Home Rule, meaning Rome 
Rule, is one that a large number of Protestants 
are loth to e.vpress an opinion on, and many loyal 
Roman Catholics will regret that Archbishop 
Logue has thought it fit to j)ut this very weapon 
in the hands of Protestants. His grace does 
not agree with the action recently taken by 
Unionist Catholic leaders in protesting again.st 
the Home Rule Bill. Dr. Logue in reply to an 
address presented to him on his return from 
Rome, at Armagh, on March 17th, alluded as 
follows to the gentlemen who signed the pro- 
test : — 

Let them oppose the Hill on the ground that it is 
injurious to themselves, and if they can prove it— but I 
think they will find it hard to prove that — let them 
oppose it because they think it is injurious to the 
temporal interests of the country at large. (Applause.) 
But it is sailing under false colours to introduce into 
their petition any mention of religion, and say that the 
provisions of the Bill are injurious to the principles of 
religion. It is possible that they may be so, but if they 
are, you have the bishops of the country who will speak 
on it. I wish also to say that I hope that the gentle- 
men who have seen fit to take this course will not 
bring any pressure on their dependents, as I heard 
some of them have been trying to force them to join 
in this movement, that looks very like an anti-Catholic 
movement. These dependents may he their servants, 
or their tenants, or hold other relations with them. 
These people are not their slaves, though they may be 
to some e.xtent their dependents. They are perfectly 
free. They are not bound in any way to sign petitions, 
or otherwise in opposition to their own convictions at the 
bidding of any of these gentlemen. I have little more 
to say. I think these two things to which I have 
directed your attention are very lamentable indeed. It 
is lamentable to find leaders among the Irish Pro- 
testants trying to sow disunion between them and their 
Catholic fellow-countrymen, and in the second place 
it is lamentable to find Catholics who help them in that 
heresy, even remotely or indirectly. — Irish Times, 18th 
March, 1893. 



yOTES FROM IRELAND. 



es 



A DIURNAL 

OP EVENTS RELATING TO IRELAND. 



Ilarch 14 — Special meeting of the 
General Synod of the Church of Ireland to 
protest against the Home Rule Bill. There 
was a large attendance of the clergy and 
laity. During its history only two special 
meetings of the Synod have been held, and 
both these were in consequence of the 
political policy of Mr. Gladstone, whose 
Act of Disestablishment called the Synod 
into existence. The first special meeting 
was in iS86, to protest against the Home 
Rule Bill, then introduced for the first 
time, and now it was found absolutely 
necessary to meet and protest for the 
second time against another Bill for the 
government of Ireland. Among the reso- 
lutions, one proposed by the Archbishop of 
Dublin, and passed unanimously, stated 
the belief that all parties in Ireland would 
even prefer a measure of total separation, 
with all its risks and evils, rather than 
consent to this Bill. 

— Form of Petition to Parliament against 
Home Rule Bill, signed and issued by a 
number of peers and gentlemen of the 
Irish Roman Catholic Church. The first 
name on list is that of Mr. Daniel 
O'Connell, the son of the " Liberator." 

— At Ballyclough, North Cork, the 
family of a Protestant caretaker of evicted 
farms has been boycotted, and his children 
excluded from the National schools. 

— In the House of Commons Mr. 
Morley, replying to Messrs. Healy, Sexton, 
and Flynn, regarding alleged intimidation 
by landlords in the procurmg of signatures 
to Anti-Home Rule petitions, said he had 
no knowledge of it. In reply to Mr. 
Macartney he said the Government were 
considering the question of possible legisla- 
tion this session for carrying out the recom- 
mendations of the Evicted Tenants' Com- 



— Mr. Lecky, the historian, in answer 
to a letter asking his opinion of the Home 
Rule Bill, says he has no doubt that if it 
became law it would prove one of the most 
calamitous turning points in all English 
history. 

— Unionist public meetings held in 
Dublin, at Rathmines, Clontarf, and North 
Strand, and resolutions passed condemning 
Bill. Meetings also held at Celbridge, 
Sligo, Stewartstown, and Waterford to 
protest against Bill. 

15.— A great demonstration, under the 
auspices of the Irish Unionist Alliance, 
held in the Leinster Hall, Dublin, to pro- 
test against Mr. Gladstone's Home Rule 
Bill. Lord Iveagh presided, and speeches 
were delivered by the Right Hon. John 
Atkinson, Q-C. ; the Archbishop of Dublin, 
Mr. Culverwell, F.T.C.D. ; Mr. J. G. 
Nutting, Mr. John Jameson, and Mr. Wm. 
Robertson. It was found necessary to hold 
an overflow meeting in the Annexe of the 
Hall, at which the Right Hon. Ion Trant 
Hamilton presided, and Mr. Martin Burke, 
Q.C. ; Mr. A. D. Kennedy, Mr. Samuel 



M'Comas, Mr. Maurice Dockrell, Mr. 
Wm. Findlater, D.L., and others addressed 
the meeting. The greatest enthusiasm 
prevailed. 

- The General Assembly of the Pres- 
byterian Church held a special meeting in 
Belfast to consider the Home Rule Bill. 
The Rev Dr. Petticrew moved a series of 
resolutions expressing determination to 
resist every attempt to destroy the Legis- 
lative Union, declaring that the measure 
would force upon the Protestant minority 
an Irish Legislature and Irish Executive, 
th illusory safeguards ; that the Bill left 
ample scope for the indirect endowment of 
the Roman Catholic Church, and would 
deprive small Protestant minorities of State 
education for their children. 

— Unionist meetings and demonstrations 
to protest against Bill held at Ballinamore, 
Lisnaskea. Roscrea, Castlecomer, Carlow, 
Lurgan, Fintona, Parsonstown, Ballycum- 
ber, Irvinestown, Fermoy, and Newry. 

— Resolutions against Bill passed by 
the Grand Juries of Galway, Donegal, Kil- 
kenny, and Carlow. 

16.— Lord Salisbury confined to bed by 
mild attack of influenza. 

— Manifesto issued to the Loyalists of 
Ulster by the Ulster Defence Union signed 
by Duke of Abercorn, Marquis of London- 
derry, Earl of Erne, Lord Arthur Hill, 
Col. Edward Saunderson, Daniel Dixon 
(Lord Mayor of Belfast), James A. M'Cul- 
lagh (.Mayor of Derry), Thomas Andrews. 
Adam Duffin, Thomas Sinclair. The 
Union is formed to guide the course to be 
followed if any measure be forced upon the 
Unionists of Ireland which would alter 
their present relations with the Imperial 
Parliament and Executive Government of 
the United Kingdom. 

— Sir William Wedderburn (G.) re- 
turned for Banff. Result of polling — 
Wedderburn (G.), 3,166; Grant (U.), 
2,395 ; Liberal majority, 771. The pollings 
at the last two elections were as follows : — 

i836. J892. 

R. W. Duff (G.-L.) 2583 R. W. Duff (G -L.) 2293 
Sir Chas. Grant (U.) 1294 M.Barry (C.)j4»4 

Liberal majority 1289 Liberal majoiiiy S60 
The present election shows a large increase 
of strength on both sides, accompanied by 
a decrease of the Liberal majority. 

— Unionist meetings at Roscrea, Car- 
low, and Fermoy, to protest against Bill. 

— Special appeal issued by Irish 
Unionist Alliance for additional funds to 
aid their work in present crisis. 

17. — Mr. Gladstone reappeared in House 
of Commons quite recovered from his ill- 
ness. 

— In the House of Lords, on the motion 
of Lord Ashbourne, a return of documents 
was ordered, showing the authority of the 
Lord Lieutenant over thi mi litary forces of 
the Crown in Ireland. 



— At a meeting of the Counfiil of the 
Royal Dublin Society it was resolved not 
to hold the proposed conversazione in 
.Vpril, in consequence of the disturbance in 
the public mind caused by the Home Rule 
Bill, and a committee was appointed to 
consider in what way the Bill will affect 
the position of the Society. 

18. — Large meeting of the Fellows of 
the Royal College of Surgeons at the Col- 
lege, St. Stephen's Green, the Vice-Presi- 
dent, Mr. \V. Thornley Stoker, presiding. 
A resolution protesting against the Home 
Rule Bill was proposed by Sir George 
Porter, Bart. ; seconded by Sir William 
Stokes, and passed by a majority of 61 to 
13. The resolution stated that this Bill 
imperilled the existence of their Charter 
and College, that it would depreciate the 
property of the College, made no provision 
for the registration of members of the pro- 
fession under the General Medical Council, 
or for the control of the Council over 
medical education in Ireland ; and that the 
moneys provided for medical charities 
seemed to be totally unprovided for. Drs. 
Kidd, Purefoy, Foy, Ball, Franks, M'Ardle, 
Chance, FitzGibbon, Tobin, and Lentaigne, 
spoke. 

— Formation at Limerick of a new 
association to be called the Catholic Anti- 
Home Rule Alliance. Meeting largely 
attended by Roman Catholic gentlemen. 
The Hon. Gaston Monsell in the chair. 

— Unionist meeting at Galway to pro- 
test against Home Rule Bill. The Hon. 
Luke Dillon presided ; Lord and Lady 
Ardilaun and a large number of the gentry 
of the county present. Among the speakers 
were the Bishop of Tuam, the High Sheriff, 
Lord Ardilaun, Sir H. Grattan Bellew, and 
the Hon, Richard Nugent. 

20. — Upwards of 1,000 Unionist ladies 
assembled in the large Home Industries 
Hall, Strabane, to protest against the Home 
Rule Bill. A letter was read from the 
Duchess of Abercorn expressing her regret 
at being prevented by an attack of influenza 
firom being present. 

— Wicklow Grand Jury unanimously 
protest against Home Rule Bill. 

— Open air meeting in Cavan. Lord 
Lanesborough, presiding, referred with 
satisfaction to the fact that thousands of 
Roman Catholics were signing petitions 
against the Bill. The Bishop of Kilmore, 
Major Somerset Maxwell, and Mr. E. 
Saundferson were amongst the speakers. 

— Meeting of one thousand Loyalists 
of Longford County, held in Longford, 
the Earl of Longford in the chair. Speakers 
representative of all classes. 

— In House of Commons the Army 
Annual Bill read a first time and the 
Supplementary Votes disposed of. 



94 



y^OTES T^ROM IRELAND. 



— Meeting of Loyalists of County Loutli 
at Dundalk to protest against Bill. Colonel 
Sir Oriel Forster, Bart., presided, and the 
speakers included Lord Rathdonnell, Hon. 
C. B. Bellew, Mr. J. K. Garstin, and Mr. 
B. R. Balfour. 

21. — The Rev. James Lewis, Congrega- 
tional minister, Castlefin, County Donegal, 
who spoke at a Unionist meeting on Friday 
night, writing to the Londonderry Sentinel, 
says on Saturday evening, under cover of 
darkness, an attack was made upon his 
manse. Stones fell upon the roof. One 
stone crashed through the lobby window. 
Another came through the kitchen window, 



and a child and housemaid narrowly 
escaped. 

— In the House of Lords the Church 
Patronage Bill passed through Committee. 

— In the House of Commons the Gov- 
ernment Bill for establishing Parish Coun- 
cils in England and Wales was introduced 
by Mr. Fowler, and read a first time. The 
Appropriation Bill was read a first time. 
Sir John Lubbock moved his resolution in 
favour of the earlier closing of shops at the 
instance of the majority of shopkeepers in 
a district, and it was agreed to. 

— - Enthusiastic meeting of Unionists at 
the Molyneux Asylum, Leeson Park, to 



protest against Home Rule Bill. Speakers 
—Mr. William Findlater, D.L. (in the 
chair) ; Professor Dowden, Professor Rey- 
nolds, Professor Williamson, Mr. Albert 
Quill, Colonel Ffolliott, Dr. J. W. Moore, 
Captain Somerset Maxwell, Mr. (ieorge 
Newcomen, and Mr. W. B. Stanley. 

• — Meetings of protest by Unionists held 
at Edenderry, Kenagh and Arklow. At 
Edenderry Mr. A. More O'Ferrall, a lead- 
ing Roman Catholic resident, presided ; at 
Nenagh the chair was filled by Earl de 
Montalt, and was addressed by Lord 
Dunalley, Sir Henry Lawrence, and Mr. 
R. Bagwell. 



THE PROTESTANT PRIMATE OP 

IRELAND ON THE HOME RULE 

BILL. 



Addressing a special meeting of the General 
Synod of the Church of Ireland, held in Dublin 
on March 14th, for the purpose of considering 
the Home Rule Bill, the Lord Primate said : — 

" He (the Primate) believed that there was not an 
individual in that vast assembly who was content with 
this bill. In the first place it would check all progress 
in Ireland — social, moral, and commercial — for many 
years to come. It would suppress the right to civil and 
religious liberty, and would render the position of poor 
Protestant congregations in the south and west of 
Ireland intolerable. It would violate the rights of 
property, whether private, public, or corporate. He 
ventured to think the storm would first break over the 
head of their honourable University, and it would set 
up in three provinces of Ireland a Roman Catholic 
ascendency. There were enlightened Roman Catholics 
in this country who would object to that just as much 
as they did." — Irish Times, 15th March, 1893. 



WHY A ROMAN CATHOLIC 
OBJECTS TO HOME RULE. 



Addressing a Unionist meeting at Larne this 
month, Mr. E. G. Ryan, a Roman Catholic 
Unionist, said : — 

" I come forward as a Catholic of the Church of 
Rome to protest, from my innermost heart, against 
Home Rule ; and I also protest, not only for myself, 
but also on behalf of many of my co-reUgionists that 
dare not speak, because if they did speak their 

LIVES MIGHT NOT BE WORTH AN HOUR's PURCHASE, 

not being situated, as I am, in the midst of a loyal, 
law-abiding population. . . . We loyal Roman 
Catholics are convinced that Home Rule would be the 
ruin of Ireland in particular, and of the British Empire 
in general. We loyal Catholics could never submit to 
Mr. Gladstone's ticket-of-leave gentlemen placed in 
power over us in this country, and rather than submit 
to them we are prepared for the worst, and ready, if 
need be, to die, with the words 'No surrender' on our 
lips." — Drogheda Conservative,, i8th March, 1893. 



HOME RULERS SYMPATHISE 
WITH FOREIGN FOES. 



Addressing the General Synod in Dublin, on 
March 14th, 1893, the Bishop of Limerick said : — 
" He (the Bishop of Limerick) pointed out that in 
former times when England was beset, the sympathies 
of Home Rulers were all with the foreign foe. There 
was no reason to think that these people had changed 
their nature, so it would be seen what danger would 
exist to England when such questions as that of Egypt 
or Uganda came up. It should never be forgotten 
that the invasion of England was quite a possible thing. 
The military authorities of the country had been 
obliged to take into account the increase of facilities 
for invasion of our coasts, and the position of Ireland 
was such as would make it a tempting prey for a foreign 
hostile power." — Irish Times,, isth March, 1893. 



A PROCESS-SERVER ASSAULTED. 



On March 22nd the Vice-Chancellor in Dublin 
granted an application to serve writs on tenants on the 
Co. Mayo estate of the late Miss Harriett Gardiner. 
The process-server stated by affidavit that " he had 
attempted to serve the writs personally, but was 
assaulted and beaten by a mob. Eight of the writs 
were personally taken from him, and he believed they 
were afterwards destroyed. He believed that any 
attempt to serve the writs would endanger his life." — 
Dublin Evening Echo, 22nd March, 1893. 



ON PROTECTION. 



At a special meeting of the General Synod of 
the Church of Ireland, held in Dublin on March 
14th, 1893, the Bishop of Limerick said : — ' 

" As regards commerce, we know that the policy of 
Great Britain is a free trade policy. How does the 
matter stand with regard to Ireland? 1 read the 
other day with much interest, and in their own Dublin 
organ, the proceedings of the Parnellite Convention, 
presided over by Mr. Redmond. It is plain that their 
commercial policy would be frankly Protectionist ; 
nor can there, I think, be any doubt that that of the 
Anti-Parnellites would be the same." — Irish Times, 
15th March, 1893. 



NOTES FROM IliELAM). 



A HISTORY OF IRISH PARLIA- 
MENTS. 



The Parliamentary history of Ireland is not a long 
one ; but from first to last it serves to show that the 
population of Ireland has always consisted of discrete 
elements, warring and preying on each other ; that any 
attempt to rule it by affection rather than by force re- 
sulted in intrigue and rebellion ; and that the worst 
periods of Irish misery and wretchedness have been 
associated with those periods when its patriots had 
most unlimited sway. 

It is not until the fourteenth century that we read 
anything of Irish Parliaments ; for the early history of 
the country is an uninviting record of septs and tribes 
fighting and plundering each other; of petty Irish 
Kings always at war, and of the most regal authority, 
even of the most powerful of them being little more 
than a name. Then when Henry II. — the first monarch 
who cared to have anything to do with the country — 
deemed its conquest easy owing to its distracted state, 
the strife of the tribes among themselves was only 
varied by fighting the common enemy, the English ; 
and for several centuries the situation showed no great 
improvement. Richard II. neatly summed up the con- 
dition of affairs by describing the Irish as consisting of 
three people — wild Irish, rebel Irish, and obedient 
English. The wild Irish are now a tradition; but the 
antagonism of the rebel Irish and the obedient English 
has continued ever since. It is significant to find that 
almost the 

FIRST IRISH LEGISLATION 
in Irish Parliaments consisted of Coercion Acts against 
the English. In 1367 a Parliament of Peers and 
Commons was assembled at Kilkenny to repress the 
" degenerate English " who had married Irish wives 
and adopted Irish customs. Stringent Acts were 
passed to prevent a continuance of this. An English- 
man marrying an Irish woman was declared to be 
guilty of High Treason ; and if he adopted an Irish 
name or spoke the Irish language he forfeited his 
estates. Again, in 1447 a Parliament, which sat at 
Trim, passed a law to the effect that any person who 
did not adopt the fashion of shaving the upper lip 
should be regarded as " an Irish enemy." 

For two centuries a policy of governing Ireland by 
affection rather than severity was tried and utterly 
failed. Its people would neither be at peace with them- 
selves nor their neighbours. " The cause of Irish 
misery," says one historian, " was the inherent disorder- 
liness of the Irish character — perpetual revolts, some- 
times justified by tyrannous practices, and sometimes 
the mere flush and outbreak of fiery and turbulent 
spirits, tired the conquerors of their vain attempts to 
live in peace and unity with the conquered." In a 
country where even bishops were chiefs of fighting 
clans there was little hope of peace and concord. Even 
as late as the end of the fifteenth century the Irish 
dwelt apart from the English, and, when the former 
met to discuss local affairs, if an Englishman put in an 
appearance he was promptly killed. 

It was less than half a century after the passing of 
the Coercion Act against moustaches that — in 1495 — 
the Irish Parliament accepted the famous laws called, 
after the Deputy, 

POYNINGS' LAWS, 
,by which English Acts were for the first time e.xtended 



to Ireland, and the meeting of the Irish Parliament 
was made contingent on the previous assent of the 
Enghsh Council to the measures to be proposed. The 
Parhament which did this sat at Drogheda ; and one 
of the objects admittedly was to break up the power 
of the Irish Chiefs, who had for centuries been more 
or less the oppressors of the people. This was in the 
time of Henry VII. The state of Ireland was still 
deplorable. Irishmen, wild and rebel alike, were 
still fighting desperately among themselves, and against 
the English colonists. The huts in which they hved 
were mean and squalid ; and to a large extent they 
lived a nomadic life, travelHng from place to place in 
search of pasturage, doing nothing at all to cultivate 
the country themselves, and, as far as possible, pre- 
venting the English from doing so either. Neverthe- 
less, a semblance of government was kept up, and a 
policy of conciliation pursued. Henry VIII. followed 
in the footsteps of his predecessor in this respect. 
When the suppression of the monasteries was carried 
on, the movement extended to Ireland, and the Irish 
Parliament in 1536 made Henry the head of the 
Church and forbade appeals to the Pope. By the 
distribution of titles and many poKte attentions Henry 
did much to concihate the loyalty of the Irish chief- 
tains ; and it is a curious sign of the times that Lord 
Duncannon, though formidable in warfare, was so 
poor that he had to borrow money of the English 
Governor to take him to London to receive his title ; 
stipulating to repay it in cattle when he came back 
and was able to " collect " it. 

IRISH PARLIAMENTARIANS AND PATRIOTS 

were always ready to receive British titles and British 
gold. Take as another example what occurred under 
Elizabeth, in whose reign we first read of any real 
attempt to secure the independence of Ireland. Shan 
O'Neill was the patriot of the period ; fighting and 
intriguing from 1560 to 1567 ; and even achieving for 
a brief period in 1562 the independence of his country, 
it was the nephew of this worthy, Hugh O'Neill, who, 
after being treated with much consideration by EUza- 
beth, and created Earl of Tyrone, turned against the 
Queen and incited other septs to forget their own 
quarrels and join with him in an attempt to shake off 
the Enghsh yoke. He was a typical " patriot." 
Though doing his utmost to disturb the country and 
upset the English rule, he did not scruple to go to 
Dublin on the arrival of Sir W. Russell as Lord Deputy, 
to take the oath of allegiance to the Queen, and, re- 
turning to his native fastnesses, to open correspondence 
with Spain, with a view to renewing the insurrection. 
Sir \V. Russell, we are told, fully appreciated the 
nature of the man; but it was difficult to conquer him, 
as he promptly withdrew before any formidable force ; 
and it was deemed better to pretend to believe in the 
professions of peace he made every time his outbreaks 
were suppressed. 

This was the state of affairs after two centuries of 
conciliation, during which time Ireland had its own 
Parliaments, and had it preferred the arts of peace to 
those of war, could have advanced in civihsation and 
fortune as England had done in the same period. How 
true this is is shown by what followed. It was not 
until the reign of James I. that English rule was fairly 
established ; and when Charles I. came to the throne 



NOTES FMOM IllELAS U. 



lie began with what had been for so long the recognised 
method of rule in Ireland, a policy of conciliation, and 
granted special privileges. The three "graces they 
came to be called— security of title to land, free trade, 
and, what was more important, the substitution of an 
oath of allegiance for that of supremacy, thus abolishing 
the religious test. But the wild Irishman was untamed, 
and the rebel Irishman still indisposed to settle down 
to a life of civihsation. 

FIGHTING, QUARRELLING, RAIDING, AND 
ROBBERY 

went on as before. So Charles determined to try a 
new plan. He sent Wentworth to Ireland ; and we 
get a contrast under a changed regimen, which proves 
that wliat is wanted in Ireland is a firm rule. Went- 
worth is a man who cannot be too much execrated by 
the Irish irreconcilable. In his hands the wild and 
rebel Irish were helpless. He reorganised the army, 
made the King's Government respected, doubled the 
revenue, introduced the linen trade into Ulster, and 
showed the Irish Parliament that it was not to " mutiny 
in corners." Ireland under drastic treatment was 
peaceful, if not contented. Never before had it been 
ruled with a rod of iron ; and for once the wild was 
tamed, the rebel cowed, and the " obedient Enghsh " 
did not go about in fear for their lives. It is not neces- 
sary to approve all VVentworth's methods in order to 
lappreciate why the advocates of independence do not 
lookback upon this period with any feeling of pleasure. 
Unfortunately Charles became involved in disputes 
with the English Parliament, and the Irish Parliament, 
following in the wake of the EngUsh, turned against 
him, and took advantage of every available occasion 
to mortify him. By 

THE ACTS OF THE IRISH PARLIAMENT 

itself the authority of the King was upset. The 
opportunity was provided by its own fatuity for another 
rebellion, and the man was at hand. Roger Moore, 
implacably hostile to the peace and prosperity which 
was prevailing, and wishing to return to " the wild and 
squalid independence " hom which the country had 
been temporarily rescued, excited his fellow malcon- 
tents to insurrection. Of all the rebellions in Ireland 
that of 1 641 was the worst. The Irish Parliament, 
alarmed at the monster it had created, sent to the 
English Parhament for help, saying that the rebellion 
was so threatening that it could not cope with it. 
Forty thousand rebels were in the field, guilty of hor- 
rors too terrible to recall. The fears of the Irish 
Parhament were too well realised ; the land was filled 
with bloodshed, and, after the rebelhon had been 
sternly repressed, the death-roll was estimated at 
154,000 victims. 

Cromwell's vengeance on the rebels did much to again 
settle the country ; but only for a short time, for with the 
Restoration came a return of the old system. We are 
now approaching a period when the war of independence 
took a new shape. In 1655 the Irish Parhament had 
for the first time been transferred to Westminster. 
With James II. Home Rule appeared in a new guise. 
That monarch offered Home Rule to Ireland, and 
summoned a Parliament, to give supremacy to the 
Catholics. Tenants were forbidden— as afterwards 



under the Land League — to pay rent in order to 
deprive Protestant landowners of their estates. The 
subject is too important and too interesting to dismiss 
in a few lines, and must be left for a further article. 
It will be interesting to note also, how, when James's 
plans were upset by VVilham of Orange, the Protestants 
in their turn did their best to stamp out popery, while 
the Parliamentary agitation was kept up on the one 
hand for a complete legislative union, and on the other 
for the abolition of the restriction under which the 
Parliament sitting in Dublin could not initiate legisla- 
tion without the approval of England. — Globe, 21st 
March, 1893. 



CARDINAL CULLBN AND HOME 
RULE. 



In an interview with Cardinal Cullen, Archbishop 
Walsh's predecessor, quoted in letter from " A 
Catholic rirstand Irishman afterwards," published 
in The I ablet, 27th iMarch, 1886, the Cardinal 
Archbishop of Dublin said : — 

" My first duty is to approach all questions from my 
own standpoint, that is, as a bishop, and to examine 
into and see what the etifect of any great political change 
would be on religion and the Church's interests, it is 
for others to go into the political and temporal aspect 
of all such problems. I must admit then, that I do i.ot 
like this new movement, for wnat it is called Honic 
Rule, for of this 1 am convinced, that the first future 
attack on the liberty of the Church and on the interest 
of religion will come from a native Parliament, if we 
ever nave one. I have now a 25 years' most intimate 
acquaintance with Ireland and her politics, and an 
equally long experience derived from residence there 
ol Rome and her politics, and of this I am convinced, 
that the moving spring in this new agitation in Ireland 
is identical witn that in Italy, that is the spirit of the 
revolution so long and so authoritatively condemned 
by the Holy See ; but for this power and this spirit the 
movement in Ireland would have no strength. We all 
know what the revolution has done in Rome and in 
France. It first drove the Pope from the Eternal City 
— he returned defended by P'rench troops — the 
moment they were withdrawn the revolutionary army 
of Italy seized upon the states of the Church ; the Pope 
remains a prisoner in the Vatican. In Pans what have 
we seen ? An Archbishop shot down in the streets, 
and priests murdered in the city, and the most awful 
sacrileges perpetrated. France was once as Catholic 
as Ireland, but the revolution undermined her faith. 
Should an Irish Parliament, whose strength, 1 beheve, 
will come from revolutionary sources, pass laws that 
are subversive of justice, morality, or religion, it will be 
tne duty of the bishops to speak out to warn their flocks 
and to condemn such acts. Such a Parliament will 
at once pass laws to weaken and destroy the Church's 
action, and to restrain the bishops in the performance 
of their undoubted duty. With this conviction in my 
mind, I for one can never advocate this revolutionary 
movement, as I believe it to be, for Home Rule." — 
The Tablet, 27th March, iS86. 



Published by tlio Ieisb Uniunist ALLiiKCE, at their Dublin Offices. 109 
ttinltou Street, ftud Loudua yffices, M talace Cliambers, Wesaniosver, B.W, 



NOTES FROM IRELAND 



%* A Record of the sayings and doings of the Home Rule Parties in the furtherance of their " Separatist" Policy 
for Ireland ; and of facts connected with the country. For the information of the Imperial Parliament^ the Press, 
and the Public generally. 



No. 13. — Voi. 1. — New Series. 



1st APRIL, L8'j;j. 



Price Id. 



ffionten tfi. 

The L.4ND M.\rket — A Settlement under Clause 13 
— The Home Kule Bill — Ireland under Mr. 

JIORLET 

Canada and Ulster — Another Convict Released 
BT Mr. Morley 

Anti-Home Rule Petitions 

Mr. M'Hugh, iVl.P.. on Mr. Morlev and his Gang- 
How Nationalists would use an Irish Parlia- 
ment—A Roman Catholic's Reply to Cardinal 

LOGUE 
A LlIURNAL 

Police and Home Rule— Attack on a Nonconformist 

Minister's House 
Irish Congregation a lists and Home Rule — Grabbers 

TO BE Put Down— Sir Charles Dilke on the 

Irish in Victoria 



inn 
11)1 



THE LAND MARKET. 



Messrs. Marsh and Sons, Auctioneers, on 22nd 
March, sold by auction on the lands, about two miles 
from Macroom, for Mr. St. George Garde Brown, the 
following farms, viz. Lot I — Toames, containing about 
76 acres, held under the Earl of J3andon, at the 
judicial rent of_;^52 los.; old rent ^^69 13s. lod., Poor- 
Law valuation ^52 los. After spirited competition 
the lot was knocked down to Mr. E. Twomey for 
^,{^630 and auction fees. Lot 2 — The farm of Anna- 
hala, containing about 45 acres, held under Colonel 
Henry Villiers Stewart, at the judicial rent of £20; 
old rent ^25 ; Poor-La w valuation ^18 — was secured 
by Mr. Denis Leary for ^150; in both cases rent 
being payable by vendor up to 2gth September, 1S92. 
The grazing of Farrenavarrigane to 31st December, 
1893, containing 63 acres was let to Mr. P. Keller for 
£fio. Mr. Richard Ashe, soHcitor, Macroom, had 
carriage of the sale. — Cork Herald, 23rd March, 1893. 



Mr. Henry Barry, Auctioneer, Fermoy, put up Mr. 
Molon/s valuable farm for sale on Tuesday. After 
spirited bidding it was knocked down to Mr. Peter 
O'Keeffe, Ballyrattin, for ^^475. Messrs. Rice and 
Carroll, solicitors, had carriage of sale. — Cork Herald, 
24th March, 1S93. 

A SETTLEMENT UNDER 
CLAUSE 13. 



At a meeting of the Evicted Tenants' 
Association, held in Cork last Saturday, a letter 
was read from 

The Rev. John Layne, C.C, Ballinahinch, County 
Tipperary, in reference to the Cloughleigh (Golden) 
Plan of Campaign tenants, who were recently rein- 
stated in their farms under Clause 13 of the Purchase 
Act of 1 89 1, Four of the tenants have not yet had i 



their cases fin.ally disposed of, Irit the fifteen tenant, 
who have settled are only paying on the aggregate 
yearly instalments of ^^43 2 15s. lod., instead of 
^878 15s., the old rent for which they were evicted. 
Even these favourable terms may be improved on after 
five years. It was stated that the letter was of much 
importance, as it showed the great advantage of settling 
on the purchase basis, while it was an example of what 
could be done by co-operation amongst the tenants 
when they had a good man to lead them like Father 
Layne. — -Irish Dailij laih-paudent, 29th .Vlarch, 1893. 



THE HOME RULE BILL. 



NO NATIONALIST ENTHUSIASM OR MONEY. 
In accordance with a resolution passed at the so-called 
convention in Dublin, March 8th, the proprietors of 
the Cork Herald [McCarthyite] opened a fund for " the 
City and County of Cork," and invited the assistance 
and co-operation of " all Nationalists to make this last 
and final appeal a practical success," to counteract 
" the undoubted activity of the propagandists of 
Unionism." The fund " would afford the requisite 
financial aid to the Parliamentary party in their arduous 
task." The Cork Herald hended the list with ^20, 
and down to its issue of March 1 7th the further sum 
oi jCio IIS. had only been received, a marked con- 
trast to the ;^ii,coo odd received by the Irish 
Unionist Alliance in response to Mr. Culverwell's 
appeal during the first fourteen days of March. 



IRELAND UNDER MR. MORLEY. 



THE UNHAPPY DOCTRINAIRE IMMERSED 
IN THE INTRICACIES OF PRACTICE." 



Two Men Fired at. — A report reached Ennis on 
Tuesday night of an outrage by moonlighters at Tier- 
maclane, about six miles from Ennis, where two men, 
named Thomas Sexton and John Howe, were fired at 
as they were returning to their homes about 10 o'clock, 
Though the shot was fired at a short distance neither 
was hurt. 1 here was a fairly bright moon at the time, 
but, owing to the shadows of trees and other cover at 
the spot, they were unable to see the ])erson who fired. 
The outrage is attributed to the recent taking of some 
boycotted meadowing in the locality, and for a similar 
reason Sexton's father, an old man of over 70, was 
some time ago waylaid and brutally beaten as he was 
returning one afternoon from Ennis. District Inspector 
Dunning, Ennis, has driven to the scene to make 
inquiries. — Irish Times, 29th March, 1893. 



98 



]VOTI<:S JFIiOM IliKLAND. 



CANADA AND ULSTER. 



SYMPATHY CONFIRMED BY PARLIAMENT. 

(reuter's telegram.) 

Ottawa, March 31, 1893. 
In the House of Commons to-day, on the motion to 
go into Committee of Supply, 

Mr. George E. Casey, member for West Edinburgh, 
called attention to the language recently used at an 
Orange demonstration by Mr. Nathaniel Clarke 
Wallace, Comptroller of Customs — especially to that 
portion of the speech in question in which Mr. 
Wallace promised, on behalf of the Orangemen of 
Canada, that they would actively aid Ulster in resisting 
Home Rule. Such language, Mr. Casey observed, 
was calculated to incite a certain section of the Cana- 
dian population to revolt. He, therefore, considered 
Mr. Wallace's utterances treasonable. 

Mr. Wallace said his remarks had been correctly re- 
ported, for he did not withdraw a single statement 
that he had made on the occasion referred to, but he 
repudiated tiie charge of disloyalty that had been 
brought against him. The Orangemen of Canada had 
no need to take lessons in loyalty from him. Their 
record was an unimpeachable one of loyalty to the 
British Empire, and the Parliament of Canada had no 
right to interfere with his views on British politics. 
The Government of the Dominion was not responsible 
for them, and he had not consulted any member of 
the Government before delivering the speeches in 
respect of which this question was now raised. He 
proposed to express his views in reference to this 
question freely, believing it to b^ his duty to assist in 
maintaining the integrity and unity of the Empire, 
which was what the men of Ulster were trying to do. 
(Cheers.) 

Mr. Geo. Dawson, member for Addington, said i\Ir. 
Wallace had taken the oath to uphold constituted 
authority, and he was now encouraging a section of 
her Alajesty's subjects to resist the law by force of 
arms. He moved that Mr. Wallace's language was 
deserving the severest censure of the House, and that 
Parliament ought to repudiate his utterance. 

Mr. C. K. Devlin, a native of Co. Roscommon, and 
member for Ottawa County, characterised Mr. 
Wallace's utterances as shameful and unworthy of 
a member of the Ministry. Henceforth we considered 
Roman Catholics would not feel safe in going to the 
Customs' Department to transact business with him. 

Mr. Thos. E. Kenny, Conservative member for 
'Halifax, also dissented from Mr. Wallace's statement, 
but in view of the fact that the motion constituted a 
motion of want of confidence, he felt it his duty to vote 
against it. 

Mr. Mills claimed that the motion did not amount 
to one of no confidence. He thought the Comptroller 
of Customs was deserving of the severest condemna- 
tion. 

Mr. G. E. Forster, Minister of Finance, remarked 
that while he did not endorse the language employed 
by Mr. Wallace, the Government was in no way 
responsible. He believed the Opposition had sprung 
the matter upon the House with no other object than 
to gain a party advantage. Certainly Mr. Wallace had 
no intention to advocate armed resistance. 



Mr. Richard Cartwright, leader of the Opposition, 
expressed the opinion that Mr. Wallace had been 
guilty of a gross breach of good faith towards the 
Government. Any man, he said, who advocated 
armed resistance to an enactment of the Imperial 
Parliament ought to be properly repudiated by the 
Government. 

Ottawa, Tuesday Night. 

For the first time for many years Canada is con- 
fronted with a ministerial crisis. 

Mr. Costigan's declaration in favour of a vote of 
censure on his colleague, Mr. Wallace, created great 
consternation in the Ministerial ranks, and during the 
dinner hour the Cabinet met, and the question was 
thoroughly discussed. 

When the sitting was resumed at 8.30 it was known 
in the lobbies that the Government had decided to 
stand or fall by the result of the division on Mr. 
Dawson's amendment. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Bergin resumed the debate 
after dinner, and asked Mr. Foster what effect the 
adoption of the amendment would have. 

Mr. Foster replied that he would give a fair and 
honest answer. The amendment had been moved for 
the purpose of sowing the seed of dissention among 
their friends, and to turn out the Government if pos- 
sible, and if it should pass it would not be by the aid 
of the friends of the Government. 

Up to the present six Conservatives have declared 
that they will not vote against the Government. 

Ottawa, Wednesday. 

The danger which threatened the Government in 
the House of Commons yesterday has been averted. 

The discussion on the speech made by Mr. Wallace, 
Comptroller of Customs, at a demonstration of Orange- 
men, was continued with great acrimony until mid- 
night, when a division was taken on the amendment 
proposed by Mr. Dawson that Mr. Wallace should be 
severely censured. The voting was 74 in favour of the 
amendment, and 105 against it, being a victory for 
the Government, but a reduction in their majority of 
one-half The announcement was received with pro- 
longed cheering. 

During the evening Ministers were busily engaged 
interviewing members, and urging them to reject Mr. 
Dawson's amendment. Their efforts were attended 
with considerable success, and a number of French 
members were induced to support the Government. 
Twelve Conservatives, including Hon. John 
Costigan, Secretary of State; Hon. J. W. Curran, 
Solicitor-General ; and Sir H. Langevin voted with 
the minority. 



ANOTHER CONVICT RELEASED BY 
MR. MORLBY. 



On the 20th inst. John Foley, who, on the 4th April, 
1891, was found guilty of having an explosive in his 
possession in Tipperary for an unlawful purpose, was 
released from prison, having undergone exactly two 
years of the seven years penal servitude to which he 
was sentenced. Foley was arrested at seven o'clock 
in the evening of the 28th January, 1891, as when 
questioned by a police sergeant he could give no 



NOTES FROM IRELJJf^D. 



69 



satisfactory explanation of his business. He had no 
connection with the town of Tipperary, but was a 
servant on a iarm at Coolaquin, some four miles 
distant. When he was arrested and was informed 
that he would be taken before a magistrate to be 
searched, he threw away some papers and a leaden 
pipe, which, when opened, was found to contain about 
an ounce of gunpowder. The pipe was closed at both 
ends and had a fuse attached. A constable who was 
following Foley saw him drop the explosive immediately 
he was informed that he was going to be searched. 
Evidence was given that Foley had been seen in the 
company of two men, Landers and Hanley, who were 
arrested when posting up boycotting notices. Hanley, 
who pleaded guilty, was sentenced to eighteen months 
hard labour, and Landers received a sentence of 
twelve months hard labour. Foley was known as a 
vigilance man in Tipperary. It was his business to post 
himself on the outside of the boycotted shojjs in the 
town to watch the people who entered. Purchasers of 
meal or flour were followed on their way home and 
their sacks were ripped open. There was not a fair or 
market in Tipperary that Foley did not attend for the 
purpose of boycotting. He was closely w.itched, but 
sufficient evidence was not obtained to ensure a con- 
viction. In regard to the effect of such an explosive 
as was found upon the prisoner, it was stated in 
evidence that the shock resulting from similar ex- 
plosions in Tipperary had caused two persons to be 
confined to their bed, one for three weeks and the 
other for ten weeks. Giving to another explosion Mr. 
Smith Barry's estate office was in danger of being burnt 
down, and considerable damage was done to other 
buildings by explosives. Foley was tried at the Cork 
Spring Assizes and the jury found him guilty after a 
quarter of an hour's deliberation. In delivering 
sentence Lord Chief Justice O'Brien said — "As to 
your guilt no one who heard the evidence could 
entertain any doubt whatever. You have been for a 
long time under the observation of the police. You 
have been, as it was proved here before me, a vigilance 
man, attending fairs and markets in the course of your 
lawless avocation as a boycotter. ... 1 can 
inflict upon you, John Foley, no other sentence than 
to be kept in penal servitude for the term of seven 
years." It is an interesting fact that the prosecution 
was not brought under the Crimes' Act, but under the 
Explosives' Act of 1883, known as Sir Wm. Harcourt's 
Act. 

The conviction of Foley and of the two prisoners 
incidentally referred to was followed by a meeting of the 
National Federation in Tipperary on April 6th, 18^1. 
Father Humphries, who was in the chair, said — •" We 
are now in a position to carry on the fight with Mr. 
Smith-Barry as long as we like. If you want further 
proof of the strength of our position, look to the 
savage sentences inflicted on three young men in Cork 
last Saturday by Pether the Packer. Those most 
vindictive and savage sentences show that we have 
driven the Government from their last trench." A re- 
solution was subsequently passed — ^" That we express 
our deep sympathy with the three young Tipperary 
men, Messrs. FoL-y, Hanley, and Landers, "ho have 
been made the victims of the savagery of Pether the 
Packer." 



ANTI-HOME RULE PETITIONS. 



In the House of Commons, on March 20th, Mr. 
Arnold-Forster asked the Chief Secretary to the Lord 
Lieutenant of Ireland whether his attention had been 
called to a speech made by Mr. Thomas Barry, Poor- 
Law Guardian, at Killavullen, on Sunday, March 12, 
in which Mr. Barry was reported, in the C'or/i Herald 
of .March 14, to have said that he had been told on 
most reliable authority that two Catholic tenant-farmers 
and high ratepayers in that district, had signed the 
petitions against Home Rule, and he assured those 
present that there were men in the House of Commons 
who would search every petition sent in from the 
county Cork and find out the names of all those 
parties who signed the anti-Home Rule petition ; 
whether Mr. Thomas Barry was the same .Mr. Thomas 
Barry who was well known in the district as an active 
boycotter and a promoter of the Plan of Campaign ; 
and whether he would endeavour to ascertain if intimi- 
dation was being employed in parts of Ireland to 
prevent persons who were not supporters of her 
Majesty's Government signing petitions against the 
Government of Ireland Bill. 

Mr. J. Morley — I have seen a report of the speech 
referred to, and I believe there is only one Mr. Thomas 
Barry known in the district. It is the duty of the 
constabulary, which I have no doubt they will perform, 
to report to headquarters any cases of unlawful intimi- 
dation arising out of this or any other matter. This 
is the only means of inquiry I possess. 

Mr. Sexton asked whether the speech referred to in 
the hon. member's question was not delivered at a 
meeting held in view of a local election ? 

Mr. Morley — The account my hon. friend has given 
of the speech is correct so far as I can gather. 

Mr. Bartley — The right hon. gentleman used the 
expression '' unlawful intimidation." Will he tell the 
House what he means by "lawful intimidation"? 
(Laughter.) 

Mr. Arnold-Forster — May I ask the right hon. 
gentleman whether he is aware that the meeting at 
which this speech was made was a public meeting held 
under the auspices of the Irish National Federation .' 

Mr. Morley— I really fail to see the point of the 
hon. member's question. So far as I can gather it was 
a meeting held, among other objects, in view of a 
coming election. 

Mr. Arnold Forster wished to know why the right 
hon. member thought that the facts of the case were 
as described by the hon. member for North Kerry. 
(Nationalist cries of " Oh.") 

Mr. J. Morley said that he supposed that the meet- 
ing at which the speech was delivered was a meeting 
which, like many others, had various objects in view, 
and among them an electioneering object. 

Mr. Carson wished to know whether the right hon. 
gentleman was answering upon absolute facts, or only 
upon reasonable grounds. (Hear, hear.) 

No answer was given. 



i6o 



KOTES FROM IRELAND. 



MR. M'HUGH, MP., ON MR. 
MORLBY AND HIS GANG. 



Speaking at Sunderland on St. Patrick's Day 
(17th March), Mr. P. R. M'Hugh, M.P., said :— 

A short time after he (Mr. M'Hngh) was elected to 
represent North Leitrim he applied to iMr. Morley for 
the appointment of five or six respectable Nationalists 
to the County Bench, lie thought it would not be 
an extraordinary or outrageous request that where the 
Nationalists were in the majority of ten to one they 
should at least have some representatives upon the 
magisterial Bench. But his request had not yet been 
granted — (""shame") — and the Irish members wlio put 
tJ/i- Morlei/ and his g nij of of/icui/s into power al Dublin 
had a right to insist upon redress, seeing that Mr. 
Morley was able, if he wished, to do what they wanted 
him to do. Mr. Morley had appointed as his Lord 
Chancellor the Right Hon. Samuel Walker, and it 
had been said in the House of Commons since the 
meeting of Parliament that the Lord Chancellor had 
the absolute right to elect magistrates without con- 
sulting the Lord Lieutenant of the county. \\'hy did 
not .Mr. Morley say CO the Lord Chancellor in Dublin, 
" Appoint a few magistrates who will make the 
magisterial Bench of the County of Leitrim more re- 
presentative of the people living in that constituency." 
He did not like to dwell upon matters of that kind, 
bat Ae thought he had a right to complain, and he did 
not intend to stop complaining until he got redress for 
the people who sent him to Parliament, (Loud 
applause.)— 5%o Cliawpion, 25th March. 1893. 

HOW NATIONALISTS WOULD USE 
AN IRISH PARLIAMENT. 



Me. G. W. Roxton writes ;— 

"The Irish IVorld of May 8th, 1 886, .stated ; — 
••' Every arrangement short of Separation must leave 
Ireland in the position of a Province.'" 

A circular dated December 18th, 1S85, and issued 
l)y the Clan-na Gael, contained the following passage. 
The circular was given in evidence before the Parnell 
Commission. (See Vol. v., p. 27, of the ofhcial 
evidence.) 

" The achievement of a National Parliament gives 
us (the members of the Clan-na-Gael) a footing upon 
Irish soil ; it gives us the agencies and instru- 
mentalities of a government dc facto at the very com- 
mencement of the Irish struggle. It places the 
Governmeirt of the land in the hands of our friends 
and brothers." (Mr. Gladstone is now the ally of these 
friends and brothers of a murder club in .\merica.) 
" It removes the Castle's rings, and gives us what we 
may well express as the plant of an armed revolution." 

Now Mr. Gladstone's argument is that the establish- 
ment of a Parliament in Ireland will satisfy the aspira- 
tions of Irish Nationalists and promote peace and 
contentment in the country. But the Irish-American 
allies of the Irish agitators proclaim that the real 
struggle — "an armed revolution" — will only com- 
mence after a Parliament has been established in 
Ireland. Thus, in fact, Mr. Gladstone has appealed 



to the British Parliament to assist the officers and 
members of an Irish- American murder club in their 
design to win " a footing upon Irish soil." 

Is it possible that Englishmen and Scotchmen 
will support so mad a project ? 



A ROMAN CATHOLIC'S REPLY 
TO CARDINAL LOGUE. 



The following appears in the Clonmcl Clironicle 
of March 25th : — ■ 

Sir, — As one of those who has signed the CathoHc 
petition against the Home Rule Bill, will you allow 
me space for a few words in reference to a speech 
lately made by ( 'ardinal Logue, in which his Eminence 
makes mention of the petition. The Cardinal objects 
to that portion of it which states in effect that, should 
the Home Rule Bill become law, it would be de- 
trimental to the interests of religion, and his Eminence 
as much as tells us we have gone altogether outside 
our sphere in making this statement. With all due 
respect to the Cardinal I must say I totally differ from 
his Eminence, for I maintain we are perfectly com- 
petent to form an opinion as to what effect this or any 
other political measure may or may not have on the 
interests of religion, and I am not aware that an 
ecclesiastic, as such, is endowed with any clearer in- 
sight as to the result this bill may have on the question 
than any inteUigent Catholic layman. 

Some few years ago his Holiness considered it 
necessary, in the interest of religion, to condemn, in 
clear and emphatic language, the Plan of Campaign 
and boycotting. It was then expected the Papal 
Rescript would have been vigorously upheld by the 
bishops, and the absolute necessity of obedience would 
have been strongly impressed alike on the clergy and 
laity ; but was this done ? No, and not a few of the 
latter hold the interests of religion were sacrificed to 
political expediency. With some few exceptions, as 
far as the bishops were concerned, the Papal Rescript 
was as though it had never been ; it remained a dead 
letter. 

Still later, the laity were filled with indignation by 
the action and language of Dr. Nulty, and of those 
priests who followed him in the matter of the Meath 
election, at which .such superabundant amount of 
" Christian charity " was displayed by them, and 
brought to light by the petition. Are these matters 
affecting the interests of religion ? and have we, the 
laity, nothing to say tiiereto ? 1 think we have, and 
further, we will continue to take an interest in the 
welfare of our faith, and express our views on any and 
every political measure and action we consider may 
affect it. — I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

E. DE P. DE LA POER, 

Gurteen le Poer, 22nd March, 1893. 



XOTES FROM IRELAND. 



101 



A DIURNAL 

OP EVENTS RELATING TO IRELAND. 



Marcli 21. — County Galway Grand 
Tury protest against the Home Rule Bill. 

23. — Lord AshbiHirne addressed a mon- 
ster Anti-Home Rule Meeting at Hull, and 
said he predicted that the measure, if 
passed, would lead to an exodus from 
Ireland, for labour would follow capital. 
He added that the great Protestant minority 
felt that they were being sold. 

— Irish Unionist Alliance (Sir Thomas 
Butler, Chairman ; Professor Dowden. 
Vice-Chairman) issues an appeal for addi- 
tional funds to enaljle them to continue 
their exertions in opposition to Home Rule 
Bill. The work that is being done is thus 
summarised ; — " Every form of Constitu- 
tional agitation is being utilized. Meetings 
of Loyalists are being held in every part of 
the country. Speakers are being provided 
for England, Scotland, and Ireland. Litera- 
ture and newspapers showing the nature 
■and effect of Mr. Gladstone's proposed 
legislation are being distributed throughout 
the length and breadth of Great Britain. 
Extensively-signed petitions for all creed 
and classes of the loyal community are 
being promoted, and the bureau of infor 
mation already in existence is being ex- 
panded. " 

— Large meeting of Unionists at Cork 
to express condemnation of Bill. Colonel 
Aldworth in the chair. A Unionist Club 
is formed. Canon Griffin, P.P., Mi 
Street, writes, stating that Mr. Gladstone 
is now dragging the country to ruin. 

— Sir John Scott presides at an enthu- 
siastic meeting of the Cork Unionist Hun- 
dred, who are actively engaged in making 
arrangements for forthcoming demonstra- 
tion in the South to protest against Home 
Rule. Deputation, including Chairman, 
the High Sheriff, Sir George Colthurst, &c., 
appointed to wait upon Mr. Balfour when 
he visits Dublin, and present loyal address. 

— The Council of the Evangelical 
Alliance pass resolution against Home 
Rule. 

— Immense meeting at Limerick. Lord 
Emly in the chair. Special trains were 
run, and himdreds were unable to gain 
admission to Theatre Royal, where meeting 
was held. Several prominent Roman 
Catholics, besides Chairman, present. 
Speakers included Lord Emly, Lord Dun- 
raven, Lord Fingall, Lord Monteagle, Mr. 
Richard Bagwell, and Mr. Culverwell, 
F.T.C.D. Resolutions against Home Rule 
were carried with enthusiasm. Reviewing 
the meeting, the Dailf Express (23rd; 
writes : — • But the speech of the evening 
was that of the Earl of Dunraven. He 
boldly grappled with every fallacy of what 
is called the ' principle ' of Home Rule 
He claimed that the Irish minority had rights 
in virtue of its character and composition, 
irrespective of mere numbers, and he 
asserted that even numerically it was not 
really so contemptible as it suits the 
Separatist Party to pretend. He declared 
that the silence of the minority in the 
South and West of Iceland was due to 



intimidation, and was being broken in the 1 the Land League, of the men who defied 

' the Pope ! The Cardinal may say hard 

things about us. Thank God he may not 
say that we work in harmony with the 
hillside men, with the physical force party, 
with the Radicals and atheists of Eng- 
land." 

— Letter of this date in Irish Times of 
23rd inst. from Mr. E. de P. de la Poer. 
He writes as one who has signed Roman 
Catholic petition with reference to Cardinal 
Logue's speech : — " With all due respect 
to the Cardinal I must say I totally differ 
from his Eminence, for I maintain we are 
perfectly competent to form an opinion as 
to what effect this or any other political 
measure may or may not have on the 
interests of religion, and I am not aware 
that an ecclesiastic, as such, is endowed 
with any clearer insight as to the result 
this Bill may have on the question than 
any intelligent Catholic layman." In the 
same paper " A Catholic who signs the 
petition" writes: — "We cannot consider 
that the inteiests of our religion were safe- 
guarded when Messrs. Dillon and O'Brien 
were allowed, uncontradicted, to defy the 
Pope in his condemnation of the Plan of 
Campaign, by upholding and encouraging 
its continuance among the ignorant masses 
who blindly follow their leaders. Surely 
educated Catholics are justified in express- 
ing their denial of this as the true teaching 
of their religion, at the same time very 
much regretting that it has become a neces- 
sity to do so, owing to the silence of higher 
authorities." 

23. — Continuation of controversy in 
Freeman's Journal with regard to the re- 
construction of Board of Directors of that 
journal. Letters appear, signed P. Glynn, 
C.C. ; Thomas T. Higgins, J. Clancy, C C. 

— ■ Unionist meeting to protest against 
the Bill held at Rathfarnham. Mr. E. 
Blackburne, (j.C, in the chair, and the 
meeting addressed by Colonel the Hon. 
Hercules Rowley, Mr. Martin Burke, Q.C. ; 
Mr. Jellett, and Mr. Carey. Unionist 
meeting at Tralee, the High Sheriff, Mr. 
John MacGillicuddy, presiding. Speakers 
— The Chairman, Sir Maurice O'Connell, 
Mr. W. J. Leslie, Mr. George Talbot, Mr. 
S. M. Hussey, Mr. Cronin Coltsman, Mr. 
Culverwell, F.T.C.D. ; Colonel Rowan, &c. 
Meeting at Newmarket Court, addressed 
by Colonel Aldworth, in the chair, Mr. 
R. E. Longfield, D.L. ; Colonel Johnston, 
D.L. ; Rev. C. Maginn, &c. Meeting at 
Blackheath (London) to protest against 
Bill. Principal speaker, Mr. W. Kenny, 
Q.C, M.P. 

— Cardinal Logue addresses meeting at 
Dundalk, one of the principal towns in 
his diocese. His Eminence said : — " There 
was one thing which had struck him on the 
few occasions he had an opportunity of 
speaking to the Holy Father lately, and 
that was, that apart from the Irish colony 
in Rome he believed there was not one 



presence of the most serious crisis that had 
befallen our national life. He denovmced 
the Bill as a Bill for the separation of the 
Kingdoms ; he tracked every fault to its 
source and anatomised the details after 
disposing of the principle." 

— The Appropriation Bill was read a 
second time in House of Commons, also 
Captain Hutchinson's Bill for the Registra- 
tion of Clubs, which was referred to a 
Select Committee, after a debate, in which 
.Mr Russell and other Irish Members 
urged that the measure should be extended 
to Ireland. A Bill (introduced by Mr. 
BolithoJ to establish a Licensing Board, 
with power to reduce licenses in proportion 
to population, and to require the remaining 
publicans to pay a ten years' annuity as 
compensation to the extinguished licenses, 
was assented to by the Government, but 
the debate was adjourned. 

— Great Unionist meeting at Kilkenny 
vmder the presidency of the Marquis of 
Ormonde, and addressed by the bishop of 
the diocese. Meeting also at Arklow of 
artisans, ship builders, fishermen, tenant 
farmers, and merchants. Mr. R. Philpot, 
J.P , in the chair. Resolutions of the usual 
kind passed. 

— Protests against the Bill from the 
Derry and Raphoe Diocesan Synod, County 
Cavan Grand Orange Lodge, Wicklow 
Orange Lodge. Lord Rossmore, County 
Grand Master, issues manifesto to Mon- 
aghan Orangemen : " I hope," writes his 
lordship. " from my heart that during these 
trying times you will remain very steady 
and very cool, that you will strictly obey 
your officers, and neither by word nor deed 
offend our misguided fellow-countrymen, 
who, I confidently believe, will soon be- 
come aware of the way they are being 
made tools of by a set of unscrupulous, 
agitating adventurers, and will join our 
ranks in the struggle for civil and religious 
liberty." 

— Great Loyalist meeting at Belfast. 
Speeches by Viscount Templeton (in the 
chair J, Messrs. Thomas Sinclair, J. P., and 
Mr. Adam Duffin, LL.D. 

— The Hon. Gaston Monsell, son of 
Lord Emly, thus expresses himself, as a 
Roman Catholic, in reply to Cardinal 
Logue's remarks about the Catholic Anti- 
Home Rule Petition ; — " When crime and 
outrage disfigured the country, when the 
most foul assassinations were of daily 
occurrence, when Martin was butchere<l 
on the steps of the presbytery, when the 
Plan of Campaign and boycotting scourged 
rich and poor, when the Rescript was 
laughed to scorn by Messrs. Dillon and 
O'Brien, where were the denunciations by 
bishops ? Oh, it is so easy to sit upon a 
small body of men ! It is dangerous to 
grapple with the masses. Surely we have 
as much right — to say the least oj it — to 
object to a Bill which might, if passed, 



make Michael Davitt Prime Minister of' man, ecclesiastic or lay, in Rome that 
Ireland, as the Cardinal and bishops have | understood the Irish question thoroughly 
to follow the lead of the men who piloted I except the Pope himself, and he understood 



103 



^OTES Prom iuezan^d. 



and appreciated all their difficulties and 
sympathised with them in all their aspira- 
tions — of course, keeping still in reserva- 
tion that which, as the Head of the Church 
he must keep in reservation — always making 
the reservation that the aspirations of the 
Irish people be pursued, and their efforts 
be directed within the lines and bounds laid 
down by the Law of God, which should 
direct all their actions." 

— Presentation of petitions against Home 
Rule begun in House of Commons. 
Amongst a large number was one from 
South Division of Dublin County, with 
17,795 signatures, presented by the Hon. 
Horace Plunkett. Other members who 
presented petitions were Sir Edward Har- 
land, Bart. ; Mr. Connor, Mr. T. W. 
Russell, Sir Thomas Lea, Mr. Mulholland, 
Mr. O'Neill, and Colonel Waring. 

— Lord Salisbury's medical advisers 
prohibit his visit to Belfast. 

— Lord Salisbury's Private Secretary, 
the Hon. S. MacDonnell, and Lord Artluir 
Hill are proceeding to Belfast to arrange a 
postponement of this great demonstration, 
which was fixed for the 3rd April. Mr. 
Balfour has been asked to take Lord 
Salisbury's place. 

— The Royal Irish Constabulary at 
Belfast issue, anonymously, a most impor- 
tant manifesto with regard to their position 
and action regarding the Home Rule Bill. 
The manifesto calls upon their comrailes 
throughout the country to send delegates to 
a convention, which will take steps for 
safeguarding the interests of the force, 
which are so greatly jeopardised by the 
Home Rule Bill. 

— In the House of Commons questions 
were put to Mr. Morley in connection with 
the release of Foley, who was sentenced to 
seven years' penal servitude by the Lord 
Chief Justice at Tipperary two years ago, 
for having an explosive for purposes of 
intimidation in his possession. Mr. Dun- 
bar Barton moved the adjournment of the 
House so as to call attention to the danger 
to public peace by the condonation of 
crime by the Government. The motion, 
which was spoken to by Mr. Morley, Mr. 
Carson, Mr. Asquith, and Lord Randolph 
Churchill, was defeated by a majority of 
40. Mr. Balfour gave notice that, in con- 
sequence of a challenge to move a vote of 
censure previously thrown out to him by 
Mr. Gladstone, he would that night put 
down a motion to call attention to the 
recent events in Ireland, and to move — 
" That the action of the Executive in con- 
doning a series of offences, and their failure 
to support and enforce the law are calcu- 
lated to resuscitate the system of terror 
and intimidation which formerly prevailed 
in the country and to bring the administra- 
tion of the law into contempt." 

24. — Freeman's Journal controversy con- 
tinued. Letters from Rev. David Hum- 
phries, C.C., and Rev. M. B. Kennedy, 
CO. 

— The Bishop of London brought in a 
Licensing Bill m House of Lords, which 
was reatl a first lime. The Cliolera Hos- 
pitals (Ireland; Bill, and Official Liquida- 
tors (Ireland) Bill were read a second 
time. The Appropriation Bill was passed 
through all its stages. 



— - In the House of Commons Mr. 
Gladstone appointed Monday, 27th inst., 
for the debate on Mr. Balfour's motion of 
censure on the Government. At the night 
sitting of the House the Payment of Mem- 
bers was discussed in the form of an amend- 
ment, and carried by a majority of 47. 
The hour being past midnight, and objec- 
tion being taken, the putting of the pro- 
posal as a substantive motion had to be 
adjourned. The House did not rise until 
an advanced hour. 

- In Belfast a large meeting of graduates 
of Dublin University was held, under the 
presidency of the Bishop of Down, and 
resolutions protesting against the Home 
Rule Bill were passed. A meeting of Uni- 
tarian and Non-subscribing Presbyterians 
also held in Belfast for the same purpose. 

— ■ In connection with the great Irish 
Unionist demonstration at the Albert 
Hall, London, the lirst meeting of the 
Ladies' Reception Committee was held at 
the Irish Unionist Alliance offices. There 
were present — The Duchess of St. Albans, 
Lady Young, Lady Westbury, Hon. Miss 
NeviU, Mrs. Courtney, and Mrs. M. 
Macmillan j also Mr. Farquharson and Mr. 
Bridgeford, Mrs. Macmillan and Miss 
NeviU were appointed hon. secietaries, and 
Mr. Bridgeford, Secretary to the Com- 
mittee. An enormous number of letters 
from all classes of sympathizers in London 
and district offering to entertain from one 
to six delegates from Saturday until Mon- 
day, were placed before the Committee ; 
the preliminary arrangements, and a ,thor- 
ough system of organization were discussed 
and adopted, the Committee adjourning 
until Tuesday. 

— County F'ermanagh Grand Orange 
Lodge (the Earl of Erne, Imperial Grand 
Master, in the chair) protest against the 
Home Rule Bill. 

— In consequence of Lord Salisbury's 
inability to attend the Belfast demonstra- 
tion on the 3rd prox. a largely attended 
meeting of the Emergency Committee of 
the Conservative Association was held 
to-day at Belfast, the Lord Mayor presiding, 
when it was resolved to invite Mr. Balfour 
to visit Belfast on the date fixed for Lord 
Salisbury's visit ; and further, that the 
arrangements for the street demonstration 
and meeting in the Ulster Hall should pro- 
ceed as arranged, whether any ex-Ministers 
attended or not. 

— " Central News " telegram says : — 
"We learn that the secret inquiry into the 
dynamite explosion in Exchange Court, 
Dublin, by which Detective Synnott lost 
his life last Christmas Eve, has practically 
concluded. The inquiry has been prolific 
in information, and the perpetrators of the 
outrage are now well known to the 
authorities. They are under close observa- 
tion, but for certain reasons it is not deemed 
necessary to take them into custody for the 
present. The interesting fact was brought 
out at the inquiry that the Fenian organisa- 
tion had no part in the outrage, which was 
the work of a younger gang in Dublin." 

— Executive Committee, Irish Unionist 
Alliance send to the Press statement with 
regard to a proposed Guarantee Fund 
They state that " the matter having been 

I carefully considered, the Executive Com- 



mittee are of opinion that the time will 
soon arrive when a Guarantee Fund should 
be started, in which case the sums already 
promised, and any others which may be 
offered, will be entered to the credit of the 
Fund, but they are strongly of opinion that 
for the present it is all important that the 
subscriptions for which they daily appeal 
should continue to be received until they 
shall have reached a sum sufficient to satisfy 
the needs of the Alliance in the immediate 
future before a Guarantee P'und be estab- 
lished." 

25. — In the Freeman's Journal a lengthy 
narrative, extending to four columns, from 
the pen of Archbishop Walsh, appears, in 
which the history of the present split be- 
tween the Directors of that journal is 
traced. 

— Meeting in the Assembly Rooms, 
Cork, of the St. Patrick's Habitation of the 
Primrose League, the Countess of Bandon 
presiding. Great number of ladies present. 
Resolutions against Home Rule passed. 

— Lord Salisbury announced to visit 
Belfast and carry out his original pro- 
gramme on the 23rd May, and Mr. Balfour 
to arrive in Belfast on 4th April, witness 
the street demonstration, and subsequently 
deliver an address in the Ulster Hall. 

■— Meeting of Unionists at Temple- 
jjatrick to denounce Home Rule Bill. Lord 
Tcmpletown delivers important speech on 
the organisation of Ulster by means of 
Unionist Clubs and the Ulster Defence 
Union. 

— Mr. Gladstone declines to receive a 
deputation from the General Assembly of 
the Presbyterian Church in Ireland in con- 
nection with Home Rule. 

— Brutal murder at Tuam. A man 
named Murphy killed on the spot by a 
number of men who dragged him from his 
cart, and " kicked and danced upon him." 
(Freeman report.) Seventeen persons 
arrested. Freeman account traces origin of 
quarrel to a dispute in connection with 
(iaelic football playing. Open verdict. 

— Fierce riot at Dromore West, County 
Sligo, in connection with a Poor Law 
Election, in which Mr. James Ormsby 
(Unionist), and Mr. John Moloney 
(Nationalist), were the contestants. Certain 
Roman Catholics on Mr. Ormsby's estate 
expressed their intention of voting for then- 
landlord, a decision which aroused the 
anger of Rev. Mr. Kelly, P.P. The Rev. 
Mr. Kelly headed a mob of two hundred 
men, which accompanied the ten police 
and District-Inspector Markham, who went 
out to lay down the voting papers. In 
several houses the mob committed gross 
assaults, and opposed the distribution of 
the papers, and the police repeatedly 
charged with swords and batons. Matters 
became so serious that the police loaded 
their fire-arms. Mr. Markham read the 
Riot Act. The parish priest shouted '' I 
defy your authority to read the Riot Act." 
while persons in the crowd cried "To h — 
with Ouc'.n Victoria and the Riot Act. 
Tiuee cliecrs lor Home Rule." The police 
were drawn otl, and on subseijuent clays a 
Larger and sufficient force succeeded in 
serving the voting papers, the crowd keep- 
ing at a distance. 



NOTES FROM IliELAND. 



27. — In the House of Commons Mr. 
Balfour moved vote of censure on Govern- 
ment in lengthy speech, reviewing recent 
charges of judges of assize, and showing 
that there had been a recrudescence of 
disorder and terrorism in some parts of the 
.country, notably, Kerry, Mayo, and Lim- 
erick. He summed up his arguments by 
saying : " It is not surprising that moon- 
lighting has increased, and that witnesses 
are afraid to come forward under the ter- 
rorism to which they are subjected ; but 
it is our duty, so far as we can in Opposi- 
tion by words, as we did when in power by 
act to say these things should cease ; ainl 
my belief is they never will cease until the 
right hon. gentleman (Mr. Morley) has the 
courage to shake himself free from the 
political trammels which embarrass his 
action, and to use freely the power of the 
law this House and Parliament has en- 
trusted to his keeping." Mr. Morley 
replied and contended that the state of Ire- 
land was not nearly so bad as Mr. Balfour 
pictured it. Mr. T. \V. Russell supported the 
motion, and said ; — " There is not a law- 
breaker or evil-doer in Ireland who could 
not rely upon theChief Secretary minimising 
the act he committed, and there is not an 
honest and loyal man seeking to do his 
duty who might not be perfectly assured 
that if he had to appeal to the house he 
would be snubbed by the Chief Secretary." 
Mr. Smith-Barry also spoke, and was fol- 
lowed by Mr. Gladstone on behalf of the 
Government. After speeches by Lord 
Randolph Churchill and Dr. Cameron, the 
House divided, when there voted — For the 
Vote of Censure, 272 ; against, 319 ; 
majority, 47. 

— Meeting of the Gladstonian party at 
the Foreign Office to discuss the progress 
of public business in the House of Com- 
mons, and to consider Ministerial proposals 
in regard to current measures. Mr. 
Gladstone presided, and addressed the 
meeting at considerable length. The 
Premier announced that the second reading 
of the Home Rule Bill would take place 



on 6th prox., and that the Bill would have 
precedence on all days on which it is set 
down. Sir Joseph Pease spoke on the 
necessity of dealing with obstruction ; Pro- 
fessor Stuart urged the claims of London ; 
Mr. Stuart Rendell advocated the interests 
of Welsh Liberal members ; Mr. Channing 
spoke for the agricultural interests ; and 
Mr. Mather for the Lancashire Liberal 
members. 

— Council of Chamber of Commerce 
resolve to present address to Mr. Balfour 
on his arrival in Dublin next week. Terms 
of address agreed to. 

— Unionist ladies of Co. Donegal, to 
the number of 500, met in Donegal to pro- 
test against the Home Rule Bill. The 
chair was occupied by Mrs. Hamilton, 
Brownhall, and Mrs. James Sinclair, Mrs. 
Hunt and other ladies spoke. A letter of 
sympathy from the Duchess of Abercorn 
was read. 

— Outrage by Moonlighters near Ennis. 
Two men named Sexton and Howe, who 
had taken boycotted meadowing in this 
locality, fired at while returning to their 
liomes at ten o'clock at night. Sexton's 
tather, an aged man, was brutally beaten 
some time ago for a similar reason. 

28.— Meeting of M'Carthyite Party, 67 
members present, held in London, at 
which the differences existing amongst the 
directors of the Freeman's Journal were 
" satisfactorily settled by an unanimous 
agreement " It was further agreed that all 
public controversy relating to the co-option 
of new directors should cease. 

— Lord Ashbourne, speaking at Cardiff, 
said if the proposals of the Home Rule 
Bill had been put before the country at the 
General Election. Mr. Gladstone would 
not have been returned to power. He said 
the proposed Parliament would be com- 
posed practically of one class, representing 
one set of opinions held not by any part of 
Great Britain or by Ulster. The numerical 



majority would be those who were the 
least educated in Ireland and who possessed 
the smallest substance. 

— Derry Corporation condemn Bill, 
and resolve to receive Lord Salisbury in 
their robes, on the occasion of his visit to 
the city at Whitsuntide. 

— Mr. Gladstone, at Downing Street, 
received a deputation from Belfast, re- 
presenting the Belfast Chamber of 
Commerce, the Harbour Commissioners, 
and the Belfast Linen Association, and 
opposed to the Home Rule Bill. Sub- 
sequently the Prime Minister received a 
deputation of London capitalists opposed 
to the Bill. He replied at length to each 
deputation. The Belfast deputation, after 
leaving Mr. Gladstone, were received by 
Mr. Balfour and Mr. Chamberlain, the 
former replying to their address at con- 
siderable length. 

— In the House of Lords, Royal assent 
given to Consolidated Fund Bill, Coinage 
Bill, and eight private bills, including the 
Cork, Fermoy, Waterford, and Wexford 
Railway Bill. 

— In the House of Commons questions 
were asked with reference to the blank 
schedules in Home Rule Bill, and answered 
by Mr. Morley. In Committee of Supply 
the Civil Service vote was passed. Night 
debate on Indian rupee. 

— Resolutions adopted against Home 
Rule at meeting of Executive Committee of 
the Congregational Union of Ireland held 
at Belfast. Manifesto drawn up appealing 
for sympathy and support from their 
brethren in Great Britain. 

— Meeting of the Executive of the 
South Tyrone Unionist Association. Rev. 
Thomas Adderley, appointed Registrar. 
Meetings arranged, &c. 

— Petition of 20.000 women of London- 
derry and North-West of Ireland, against 
Home Rule, despatched to London. 



POLICE AND HOME RULE. 



The following is a copy of a letter addressed by 
Sir Andrew Reid, Inspector General, Royal 
Irish Constabulary, to each county inspector in 
Ireland. The document is marked "Confi- 
dential." It has created much discussion among 
the members of the force : — 

Royal Irish Constabulary Office, 
Dublin Castle. 

Considering that a certain amount of uneasiness 
pervades the Royal Irish Constabulary force under my 
command at the present juncture, owing to the in- 
adequate provisions made for them in the Home Rule 
Bill before Parliament, the officers and men of the 
force are at Hberty, as soon as part second of 
schedule six is promulgated, to hold meetings and 
discuss its provisions as to their future well-being. 
A. Reid, 

Inspector General, 

Royal Irish Constabulary. 
To the County Inspector. 



ATTACK ON A NONCONFORMIST 
MINISTER'S HOUSE. 



The Eev. James Lewis, Congregational Minister, 
Castlefin, County Donegal, who spoke at a 
Unionist meeting on Friday night, writing to 
the Londonderry Sentinel, on Monday, 2oth 
March, says : — 

" On Saturday evening, under cover of darkness, an 
attack was made upon my manse. Stones fell upon 
the roof. One stone crushed through the lobby 
window, and another came through the kitchen 
window, and a child and housemaid narrowly escaped. 
Roman Catholic priests can openly plead for Home 
Rule with perfect immunity from risk, but when a 
Christian minister utters a few mild words against it 
his dwelling is attacked." 



KOTES FROM llllCLAyD. 



IRISH CONGREGATIONALISTS AND 
HOME RULE. 



At a Meeting of the Executive Committee 
of the Irish Congregational Union, held on 
March 28th, the following resolution was unani- 
mously passed : — 

Considering the grave nature of the present political 
crisis, we, the Executive Committee of the Congi:ega- 
tional Union of Ireland, respectfully urge the members 
and adherents of our Churches to consider whether 
it is not their duty as Congregationalists, as well as 
citizens, to protest against the Government of Ireland 
Bill now before the country, and for this purpose we 
beg leave to submit the following petition for your 
approval. We, the undersigned members and adherents 
of the Congregational Churches of Ireland, view with 
serious misgivings the proposals embodied in the 
Government of Ireland Bill, and are of the opinion that 
in the event of its becoming law serious injury would 
be inflicted upon many of the prosperous and loyal 
sections of the community. This being our firm con- 
viction, based upon intimate acquaintance with the 
actual conditions of life here, we earnestly appeal to 
our brethren in England, Scotland and Wales, to do all 
in their power to avert the danger which threatens us. — 
(Signed on behalf of the Committee , 

James Cregan, Hon. Sec. 



GRABBERS TO BE PUT DOWN. 

BOYCOTTING THE ORDER OF THE DAY. 
At the Evicted Tenants' Association meeting 
at Cork, on 25th March 

Mr. Michael M. Downing brought under the notice of 
the Association the fact that attempts were being made 
to grab his farm at Grenagh. He complained especially 
of the interference with the farm of the brother and 
•nephews of a well-known Catholic clergyman. He 
had struggled on to keep near his farm on the advice 
of Dr. Tanner and others, but there was a regular con- 
spiracy to get him out of the neighbourhood, and that 
morning he had been served with a notice to quit from 
a cottage which he had taken for another twelve 
months on the preceding day. He intended to contest 
this effort to get him out of the district. His case was 
so deserving a one that he was in receipt of grants up 
to the time of Mr. ParnelFs death, but since he had got 
nothing. Some time ago he wrote to Mr. John Dillon 
to ask for aid from the new Evicted Tenants' Fund, 
but he did not get any reply. 

Mr. P. T. Murphy substantiated what Mr. Downing 
had stated, and said that he had information that there 
was a conspiracy in the Grenagh district to hunt the 
evicted tenants out of the way of the grabbers. At a 
pubhc meeting held recently by the tenants, the unfor- 
tunate evicted ones were attacked in a most violent 
manner by one of the prospective grabbers, who, with 
his fellows, got a reduction of 35 and 40 per cent, 
because of the sacrifices made by those who allowed 
themselves to be evicted. 

Mr. Quirke proposed that a public meeting be held 
at Newcastle, Grenagh, to condemn the interference 
with Mr. Downing's fann.' 



Mr. P. Crawley seconded the resolution, which was 
passed unanimously. 

Mr. James O'Connor said that unless some deter- 
mined effort was made to put it down grabbing would 
be worse than ever it was soon. If grabbers were 
boycotted before, he didii't see why they should be re- 
garded with favour iwtc. They wanted the tenants 
reinstated, and objected to having the farms grabbed 
before the Government did anything. Grabbing should 
be put down whether the Got'ernment was embarrassed 
or not. — Independent, 29th March, 1893. 



SIR CHARLES DILKE ON THE 
IRISH IN VICTORIA. 



Sre Charles Dilke in his work, " Problems of 
Greater Britain," written in 1890, gives us the 
following pretty picture of the Irish in the 
Victorian Parliament : — 

" Colonial views of persons are much coloured by 
the Irish problem. The Irish in Victoria, although 
they may not all be good Roman Catholics from a 
religious point of view, are staunch Roman CathoHcs 
politically, and, constituting as they do, a quarter of 
the population, are a great political force, against 
which, however, of late the other Parties have, and 
not for the first time, to some extent combined. The 
Irish Roman Catholic Party up to 1889 appeared to 
have set themselves the task of obtaining State grants 
in support of denominational schools, and in further- 
ance of this aim had acted with every Opposition 
against every Ministry that would not promise the 
concession. When Party feeKng ran high between the 
Conservatives and the Liberals upon the questions of 
Reform of the Upper House, Protection, and Payment 
of Members, the Irish Party assisted to put out first 
the Liberals, under the present Sir Graham Berry, in 
1880, and in the succeeding July the Conservatives, 
under Mr. Service. In 1881 the Irish Leader, Sir 
Bryan O'Loghlen (an Irish Baronet), moved a Vote 
of Want of Confidence in the Berry Government, and 
defeated it by obtaining the support of the Conserva- 
tives, who afterwards, however, refused to join with 
him. He, nevertheless, obtained the help of a late 
Conservative Whip, and, with the aid of that gentle- 
man, composed an administration which was 'expected 
at the time to last only a few weeks. But the Con- 
servatives, rather than consent to the return to power 
of the Berry Party, unwillingly kept the Irish in oflice. 
Progress in legislation under these circumstances was, 
of course, difficult, and at the next General Election 
the O'Loghlen Government, supported by the Irish 
Roman Catholics, was utterly routed." 



Published by tlie Irish Unionist Alliance, at. their Dublin Offices, 109 
Graiton Street, and Lmdon Offices, 26 Palace Chambers, WestmiDster, S. \¥, 



NOTES FROM IRELAND 

*^* A Record of the sayings and doings of the Home Rule Parties in the furtherance of their " Separatist" Policy 
for Ireland ; and of facts connected with the country. For t/ie information of the Imperial Parliament^ the Press, 
and tlu Public generally. 



No. 14. — Vol. 1. — ^New Series. 



8th APRIL, 1893. 



Price Id. 



Contents. page 

The Lant) Makket — Mr. Gladstone on Pkiests ix 

1835 — Emigration — Ireland in 1799 ... ... 105 

Home Rule in Sligo ... ' ... ... ... 106 

The Evicted Tenants' Bill — The Home-Ruled 

"Freeman" Ruined ... ... ... ... 108 

A Diurnal .. ... ... ... ... 109 

Will Ulster Fight? — A "Small Commission " Wit- 
ness ... ... ... ... Ill 

Llee in Ireland ... ... ... 112 



THE LAND MARKET. 



On Saturday the farm of 'Six. John Murphy, at 
I'allymichael, was put up for sale by Mr. Jeremiah J. 
Cronin, auctioneer. Area, 55 acres; judicial rent, 
;!^34 15s. od. ; valuation, ;^34 15s. od. There is also 
to be paid to the Board of Works ^7 i6s. od. yearly 
for the next eleven years for borrowed money spent in 
improving the farm. It was knocked down to Mr. D. 
Mahony, Ballymichael, for ;^345 os. od., and 5 per 
cent, auction fees. Mr. John J. Foley, solicitor, 
Macroom, had carriage of sale. — CVr^' Herald., 4th 
April, 1893. 



MR. 



GLADSTONE ON PRIESTS 
IN 1835. 



MR. GLADSTONE NOW PROPOSES TO HAND 
OVER IRELAND TO THE DOMINATION OF 
THE R. C. PRIESTS. 

In 1S35, speaking on the Irish Tithes Bill, he 
said : — ^ 

The present motion opens a boundless road. It 
will lead to measure after measure, to expedient after 
expedient, till we come to the recognition of the 
Roman Catholic religion as the National one. In 
principle you propose to give up the Protestant Estab- 
lishment. If so, why not abandon the political 
Government of Ireland, and concede the repeal of the 
Legislative Union ? I hope I shall never live to seethe 
day ivhen such a system shall be adopted in this country, 
for the consequences of it to public men will be lamentable 
beyond all description. 



EMIGRATION. 



WITH HOME RULE IN VIEW. 

The emigration from Queenstown to the United States 
of .\merica for the week ended yesterday (Sunday) 
was pretty large, and exceeded the corresponding week 
of last season by 293 souls. The following is the 
week's summary : — 
Thursday, Majestic, Xew York ... ... 3S4 

Thursday, Lord Gough, Philadelphia ... 72 

Friday, Pavonia, Boston ... ... 35S 

Sunday, Servia, New York ... ... 185 



Total, 
For the corresponding week of 1892 

Difference 
—Cork Herald, 27th March, 1893. 



1,089 
716 

293 



IRELAND. IN 1799. 



A FETITION in favour OF THE UNION. 
Mr. Gladstone, in his reading of Irish History, alleges 
that the Union was unpopular. In " George 
Faulkiner's Dublin Journal, "dated Saturday, September 
2ist, 1799, a petition appears which is at variance with 
the Prime Minister's contention. The document sets 
out by saying that " the legislative " union between 
Great Britain and Ireland had been recommended 
from the Throne to the consideration of the 
Houses of Parliament, and proceeds : — " Now we, 
the undersigned inhabitants, freemen, freeholders, 
and noblemen of the city and county of 
Londonderry, declare our mature and deliberate con- 
viction that an incorporate union of the Legislature of 
Great Britain and Ireland on terms of equity and 
mutual advantage would eminently promote the 
general prosperity of this kingdom, giving confidence 
and security to the loyal and well-affected, would 
gradually extinguish local prejudices and religious 
animosity, and eventually contribute to the strength 
and safety of the Empire." 

The signatures attached are over 2,000 in number, 
and include all classes — farmers, merchants, civic 
authorities, five M.P's., arid the Roman Catholic 
bishops. 



106 



NOTES FROM IRELAND. 



HOME RULE IN SLIGO. 



FATHER KELLY AND A MOB DEFY A 
HUNDRED POLICE. 

Elections for Poor Law Guardians took place this 
week in the Dromore West Union. A contest took 
place between James Ormsby, Esq., of Farrelmacfarrel, 
Conservative, and Mr. John Moloney, Carrowcur, 
Nationalist. Feeling ran very high in the division, 
and the election ultimately resolved itself into a reli- 
gious question. The parties are very evenly balanced, 
but on Mr. Ormsby's estate there are a number of 
Roman Catholic tenants who had given out that they 
would vote for their landlord. This action roused the 
hatred of Rev. Mr. Kelly, the parish priest. 

Saturday was the day appointed for laying down 
the voting papers, and District-Inspector Markham, 
with a force of ten men, went to carry out that 
duty. Before leaving the barracks Rev. Mr. Kelly 
informed Mr. Markham there would be opposition in 
certain cases. The District-Inspector said he would 
only al/o7a one person for each candidate to enter the 
houses, and with this arrangement the priest expressed 
satisfaction, and said it was as much as he could expect. 

The officer and ten men left the barrack, and pro- 
ceeded to the townlands of Belville, Bunnell, and 
Farrelmacfarrel ; a great mob, headed by the parish 
priest, accompanying the force. The mob consisted 
of about two hundred picked men, some from a 
considerable distance away, all armed with stout black- 
thorns or other sticks. Nothing of any consequence 
occurred until the house of Pat Kilrekil, Dunneil, was 
reached. This was one of the voters who had declined 
to vote for the Nationalist. When the mob came up 
to this house, part of them forced their way into it, 
along with the police officer, and two men. Kilrekil 
was in a very delicate state of health, and when asked 
by the clergyman for his vote he refused. The old man 
was at once seized by some of the mob and throivn to the 
ground. While down, his ivrists 7vere pricked with pins 
and his fingers bitten. District-Inspector Markham, 
Acting-Se?geant Whitford, and Constable Mulholland, 
were the only police inside at the time, and they were 
powerless. They tried to get assistance from the outside, 
but they found the door completely blocked, and it wa; 
impossible for those inside to get out, or vice versa. 
Kilrekil' s son, seeing his father being assaulted, rushed 
to his assistance, when he was at once set upon by the 
mob with sticks, and severely beaten and cut about the 
head. Ultimately the police outside managed to clear 
the doorway, and put the mob outside. KilrekiPs 
house 7ms from that time tmtil the voting papers 
were collected under police protection. 



Leaving this house the next place where a paper 
was to be left was 

WIDOW GORMAN'S. 

Here again the mob rushed in, and all attempts to 
leave the paper in possession of the woman failed. 
During the altercations in this locality, so outrageous 
did the mob become that Mr. Markham ordered 
his men /> charge the crowd with their swords and 
batons. This had the effect of clearing the place for a 
moment, when a consultation took place as to the advisa- 
bility of drawing off the police until reinjorcenients could 
be procured, but it was thought the worst might now be 
over, and the next move was to the house of 

JAMES M'GEE. 

This tenant had learned 'ichat had occurred at the 
preceding houses, and took the precaution of locking his 
door and refusing admittance at all. Desii'ous, how- 
ever, of getting his voting paper, he broke a hole in one 
of the windo7ts of his house, and requested the police to 
put it through there. This, it appears, would not have 
been a legal sei'vice, and, ajter all entreaties to get him 
to open the door had failed, the police had to 7narch 
off without leaving the paper. 

THOMAS QUINN'S 

was the next house, and he, too, had locked his door 
and armed himself behind it with a pitchfork. The 
crowd endeavoured to get near the door to break 
it open, and the police and the mob again came 
into conflict, when the former were compelled to draw 
their batons and sivords to clear the ground and repel 
the attacks. In the midst of the uproar and excitement 
Rev. Mr. Kelly kept shouting : — '' Go on, boys, and do 
your best," or words to that effect. Order was at length 
partially restored, but no sen'ice could be accomplished. 
The force then moved on to 

PAT KILGALLEN'S, 

where the door was again found, locked. A desperate 
attempt was here made by the mob to break open the 
door, behind which the owner was armed with a pitch- 
fork. All attempts to leave the paper failed, and the 
police left and went to Mary Dowd's, where the mob 
was kept at bay. 

By this time the police were getting fatigued, and 
a halt was made for luncheon. After a short interval 
the march was resumed, and the house of 

JOHN CONNOLLY, 
an old man, was reached. Here matters reached a 



KOTEs fhom iheland. 



climax. The occupant refused admission to the mob, but 
they were not thus to be denied, and 7nade forcible 
entry into the house. Rev. Mr. Kelly 7uas appealed to 
to keep his promise, that only one person on his side 
should enter the house. To the requests of District- 
Inspector Markham, the priest replied the people had 
as much right there as the polir.e. For the safety of 
Connolly Mr. Markham deemed it expedient to place 
the old man outside under protection of the pohce. 
He was placed close to the wall, with seven armed 
policemen in front, but so infuriated were the crowd 
that they seized the swords and the guns and threw 
them aside in their attempt to get hold of Connolly. 
Matters now assumed such a serious aspect that Mr. 
Markham ordered his men to load their guns- Tlie mob 
shouted, " You cafi only shoot eight of us, and not one 
of you will leave this place alive." Anxious to avoid 
bloodshed, Mr. Markham read tlie Riot Act, and 
warned all of the serious nature of any offence they 
might commit. Rid. Mr. Kelly shouted to Mr. Mark- 
ham — " / defy your authority to read the Riot Act. 
Do your best." While the Act was being read those 
in the crowd shouted — •• To h-~ll with Queen Victor. a 
and the Riot Act. Three 

CHEERS FOR HOME RULE." 

Connolly all this time refused to give up to the priest 
or any on his side the voting paper, while the mob 
kept shouting, " AVe'll make him give it up." The 
priest then asked that Connolly should be given up 
to him, but Mr. Markham refused. He would, how- 
ever, allow Connolly and Rev. Mr. Kelly to consult 
together in any of the rooms, so the two entered the 
byre and were parleying with each other for a quarter 
of an hour. When they came out Connolly was still 
refusing to give up the paper. The old man's wife 
was brought to him to give it up. She implored him 
for peace sake to give the paper to Father Kelly, but 
her entreaties were of no avail, and his son was next 
requisitioned, but he had no greater success with the 
old man. When it was found all had failed, the crowd 
again shouted — " IVell make you give it up." Excite- 
ment was still very high, and matters were at a deadlock. 
Mr. Markham, however, sent a portion of his men 
round to the next house to serve a paper, and this, 
as was intended, drew off some of the crowd. ConnnU// 
was then placed under police protection, and for two hours 
held out, but ultimately he went and gave the paper to 
Rev. Mr. Kelly. 

The police were, after the battle at Connolly's house, 
drawn off, and proceedings stopped for the day, until 
an extra force of police had been obtained. On Sunday 
and Monday morning a sufficient force had been 
collected to attempt service, and this was done on 



Monday forenoon, the mob of the previous day con- 
tenting themselves with viewing the doings from afar, 
keeping well out of danger on the hills and knolls 
around. 

THE COLLECTING OF THE PAPERS. 

The papers laid down on Saturday fell to be collected 
on Tuesday. Threats were made to tear up any of the 
Soman Catholic papers which were in favour of the 
Conservative candidate. The police authorities, how- 
ever, were prepared to put down any attempt to inter- 
fere, and by Tuesday morning a force of over one 
hundred men, with County Inspector Sheehan, District- 
Inspectors .Markham and Moore, was assembled. 
Collecting parties were sent off in three directions, but 
the patti/ told off for Farrehnacfnn'd had, in addition 
to the ordinary force, an extrd pro'eotive force of twenti/ 
men. The sight of this overpowering force evidently 
quelled the ardour of the crowd, which this day num- 
bered over a hundred stalwart country lads. 

District-Inspector Markham certainly deserves to 
be congratulated on the tact and coolness displayed 
under the most trying circumstances, as an unguarded 
word or a hasty action would most undoubtedly have 
ended in a regular slaughter on both sides. 

The papers, which could not be left on Saturday, 
but were put down on Monday, were collected on 
Wednesday. No outsiders put in an appearance. 

The counting of the volen took place at the workhome 
on T/iursdai/. Mr. MacOarthy appeared to watch the 
counting on behalf of the Xationalists, and Mr. T. IT. 
Williams acted for the Conservatives. One or two 
disclosures were made during the enumerating. 'J wo 
men on hearing their votes read out stated, and were pre- 
pared to swear, ihey never signed or put their mark to 
the paper handed in in their names, and that the papers 
were taken from them and fitted in their absence. It also 
came out in the counting that a priest went to a rate- 
collector and got him to 

ISSUE A BOGUS RECEIPT 

for poor rates, in order to enable the voter to record his 
vole, the priest giving his word he would pai/ the monei/ 
afterwards. On examinatim, th: rale-collector stated the 
ficl, and the returninij officer refused to allow the vote, 
whereupon the priest threw the collector the receipt, tellincf 
him to go and look for his money from whom he liked. 
The result of the election was that Mr. Ormsby was 
defeated by 17 votes. — Sligo Independent, 25th March, 
1893. 



Tf^OTES FR03T IBELAJ^D. 



THE EVICTED TENANTS' BILL. 



PARNELLITES ON MR. MORLEVS ACTION. 

The Iris/i Daily Independent states : — 

But more serious than Mr. Morley's proposed 
amendments is the utter uncertainty in which he has 
left the vital question as to when he will proceed to 
actual legislation on this whole subject. ... It 
now appears that, after all, the chief reliance of the 
evicted tenants, in the immediate future at least, must 
be the Paris money, which, if the Seceders had had 
their way, would long since have been spent — and 
uselessly spent — to the last farthing. For this state of 
things the Independent Party, at all events, are not to 
blame. If their advice had been taken the Evicted 
Tenants' Question might have been disposed of in an 
Autumn Session last year. It was neglected with the 
assent of the Seceders ; and everyone can now see the 
lamentable consequence. — Independent^ 30th March, 
1893. 

The Evening Herald points out : — 

Mr. Morley at first declared that " after the second 
reading of the Home Rule Bill — which, of course, he 
interjected, must be the first work we will take in hands 
— \ss. will do the best we can to promote the further 
stages of the Bill." Some minutes later, evidently 
after consultation with Sir William Harcourt, Mr. 
Morley rose and qualified his assurance with the ex- 
planation that he had been misunderstood, and the 
substitution of the following promise : — 

My right hon. friends near me say that my promise 
■was to undertake to take up the Bill the moment the 
second reading of the Home Rule Bill is passed. If 
I said that I certainly did not intend to say it. I said 
the gentlemen opposite who are the introducers of the 
Bill would realise tlie difficulties of the Government, 
and what I intended to say was, that as soon as those 
difficulties would allow we would go on with the Bill. 

When the Government may be called on to redeem 
that promise it is difficult to say, for the Bill was talked 
out by Mr. Goschen, the Speaker declining to enforce 
the closure on a debate so important after its continu- 
ance for only four hours and a quarter. It appears 
that two M'Carthyites who joined in the discussion 



consumed by a remarkable display of verbosity about 
two hours ; and the Speaker pointed out that only 
four speeches had been delivered in addition to the 
two M'Carthyite orations. If these gentlemen had not 
been so long-winded the second reading mighf have 
been carried. 



THE 



HOME-RULED 
RUINED. 



FREEMAN' 



Mk. J. W. Gillies, Secretary of the Freeman's 
Journal Company, sends to the shareholders a 
notice for the Annual General Meeting on 6th 
April. He goes on to state : — 

In sending you the accompanying notice of the sixth 
annual general meeting of the Freeman' s Journal, Ltd., 
I am instructed by the directors to say that the 
accounts for the year ended 31st December, 1892, as 
audited, after providing for the debenture interest 
(^1,350) show a loss of j£^i 5,083 los. 8d ; on 
deducting the credit balance, ^2,788, 4s. 3d. brought 
for\vard from last year, a net deficiency of ^12,295 
6s. 5d. This amount, it ought to be explained, 
includes an exceptional expenditure of ;^6,649 
I2S. 2d. in connection with law-suits. A 
re-valuation has been made of the debts 
and assets of the company, resulting in a con- 
siderable reduction ; this has practically been met by 
the extinction of reserve credits available for that 
purpose. 

The only reserve now remaining is the Building 
Fund, which stands at ;^4,225 2s. 6d. This sum 
is invested in the business of the company. 

The foregoing report covers a period altogether 
exceptional in the history of the company. For the 
information of the shareholders the directors have 
thought it right to give in a few figures an analysis of 
the year, showing a striking contrast between the first 
and second portions. The accounts have been made 
up separately for each half-year (to the 30th June and 
3 1 St December), with the result that, excluding de- 
benture interest and special losses attributable to hbel 
and other actions, the trading loss in the first half-year 
amounted to £,(i,(i^\ 5s. id., and in the second half 
to ^332 los. id. The actual loss is made up with the 
addition of legal actions, ^6,649 12s. 2d ; debenture 
interest, ^1,350 ; and an excess of depreciation over 
reserve ;^iio 3s. 4d. 



NOTES FRO 31 IRELAND. 



109 



A DIURNAL 

OF EVENTS RELATING TO IRELAND. 



March ZQ.— Belfast Nen's-Lcttcr of lhi= 
date contains following testimony of Mr. 
William Heath, aa English Methodist 
Mission preacher, formerly a Home Ruler, 
who has been conductingevangelical services 
in Tyrone during past six months : — " I 
have seen enough of Komanism in Ardboe 
and other Natioualist localities to convince 
me that Protestantism would be crushed 
if Home Rule become law. I have seen 
the men who demand it, and I have seen 
the men who are determined to oppose 
Home Rule — the one idle, dissolute, 
poverty-stricken, disloyal, and priest- 
riddeu ; the other industrious, thrifty, 
comfortable, and loyal to England. I go 
back to England a Unionist, and will do 
all that I can to spread the light on the 
true state of affairs in this unhappy 
country. If the people of England and 
Scotland saw Nationalists as 1 have seen 
them they would not want to force Home 
Rule on the Loyalists of Ulster so as to 
leave them at the mercy of such a party." 

— In the House of Commons Mr. T. 
VV. Russell drew the attention of the 
House to a breach of privilege made by 
the Parliamentary correspondent of the 
D.iily Chrcmcl! in referring to him as "the 
tireless mercenary of Unionism." Mr. 
Russell, having defined the meaning of 
" mercenary." stated that he had never 
received a farthiug from any person or 
persons for his political services. Mr. 
Gladstone supported Mr. Russell's vindi- 
cation of himself, and commended the 
temperate manner in which he had brought 
the matter before the House. He sug- 
gested that as the charge might have been 
made inadvertently, the subject might be 
allowed to drop, though if a motion were 
made to declare that a breach of privilege 
had been committed he would vote for it. 
Sir Henry James and Mr. Goschen having 
spoken, and Mr. Russell having declared 
himself satisfied, the subject <lropped. ~\\\. 
M'Hugh moved second reading of Evicted 
Tenants' Reinstatement Bill, drawn upon 
the lines of the recommendations of the 
Evicted Tenants' Commission. Sir Thomas 
Lea moved, and Mr. Arnold Forster 
seconded, an amendment that the Bill be 
read a second time that day six months. 
Mr. Smith-Barry strongly opposed the 
Bid. Mr. Morley accepted its principle 
on behalf of the Government, while ob- 
jecting to some of its provisions, and 
hoped to see the second reading carried. 
Finally, Mr. Sexton moved the closure, 
but the Speaker declined to accept the 
motion, and the debate was adjourned. 

— At a large meeting of South Belfast 
electors, the reply of Mr. Gladstone to the 
Belfast commercial deputation was dis- 
cussed with bitter dissatisfaction. Mr. 
Richard Patterson, J. P., presided, and the 
principal speakers were the Rev. Dr. 
Lynd and Mr. \Vm. Johnston, M. P. 

— Large meeting of the women of Mid. 
Tyrone at Oniagh, to protest against the 
Home Rule Bill. Mrs. Byrne, wife of the 
Dean of Clonfert, presided. About 700 
women present. 



— Report of the Directors of Freeman i,\ were distributing the voting papers for 
/c«rH.(; to be iubmuted to the shareholders the election of a poor law guardian; 



on the 61 h April shows a loss on the busi- 
ness of this year, 1S92, of .:^i5,o83 los. 8d., 
after providing ^1,350 for debenture inter- 
est, a good deal of this loss being due to 
legal proceedings against the journal. 

— The Duke of Argyll acknowledges 
resolutions of Down Constitutional Asso- 
ciation, and expresses his own condemna- 
tion of Home Rule Bill. 

— The Protestant Home Rule Associa- 
tion have issued a circular signed by .Mr. 
Arthur Houston. Q.C. ; Mr. Pierce Ma- 
hony, Mr. Alfred Webb, M.P.; Mr. Thos. 
Henry Webb, and Mr. C. H. Oldham, hon. 
secretary, stating that at a meeting held 
on Wednesday, 22nd inst., it was unani- 
mously resolved to hold a meeting in the 
large hall of the Antient Concert Rooms, 
Gieat Biunswick Street, on the evening of 
Wednesday, April 5th. The Eight Hon. 
the Lord Mayor of Dublin has consented 
to preside at the meeting. 

30. — Freeman's Journal quotes from 
the Lenten Pastoral of the Roman Catholic 
Archbishop of Hobart, who recently visited 
Ireland, and who thus speaks of what he 
saw: — "In passing through the country 
the artistic beauty of the numerous churches 
which have been erected in the cities and 
principal towns within a short period, and 
the splendour of their decorations, attracted 
our admiration, and testify to the zeal and 
liberaluy of clergy and laity for the House 
of God. Nor can we omit to mention the 
uiagnilicent colleges and convents which 
have sprung up all around for the Catholic 
education ol the people. The exquisitely 
beautiful chapels to be seen within the 
w.ills of these buildings would remind one 
of the mansions prepared for the elect in 
their Father's House. Our visits to the 
schools, especially those for primary edu- 
cation, afforded us immense pleasure, for 
we noticed that they were filled with bright- 
lookii.gchildren, neatly and cleanly dressed, 
which evidenced a vast improvement in 
the condition of their parents, who now 
occupy a better class of dwellings than for- 
merly, and enjoy a fair share of the com- 
forts of life to which they were so long 
strangers." 

— Protests against Home Rule Bill, 
published in Irish Times, from Castle- 
blayney Unionists, Dublin Conservative 
Workingmen's Club, Armagh Circuit 
Methodist Church, Fintona District 
Orange Lodge, Bandon Orangemen, 
Kooskey Royal Black Pieceptory No. 1S2, 
Druraclifie Unionists, Star of Connaught 
Orange Lodge, Derralossory Select 
Vestry, 

— In the House of Commons thsre 
were several Anti-Home Rule petitions 
presented, including three by Sir Thomas 
Lea, and one by Mr. Russell from the 
General Assembly of the Presbyterian 
Church, Mr. Dane asked the Chief 
Secretary was he aware that serious 
riots occurred at Dromore West, Co. 
Sligo, on the 18th inst., when the police 



that the Rev. J. J. Kelly, P.P., led a 
riotous mob upon the occasion ; that the 
Riot Act was read, and that it required 
the presence of the County Inspector 
and two District Inspectors with a force 
of 100 armed men to subsequently col- 
lect the papers ; was he aware that the 
Rev. J. J. Kelly, P.P., was upon a former 
occasion convicted and sentenced to a 
term of imprisonment, but subsequently 
released on a plea of ill health, and 
whether the Government had taken any 
steps in connection with those riots. 
Mr. Asquith, on behalf of Mr. Morley, 
who was absent, said from information 
in the possession of the Irish Govern- 
ment it would appear that the facts were 
correctly stated in the first and second 
paragraphs of the question. The ques- 
tion of proceeding against the persons 
identified as taking part in the riot was 
now under consideration by the Chief 
Secretary. As to the latter part of the 
question, the prisoner had been released 
by Lord Ashbourne. 

— Jlr. Gladstone's motion to give pre- 
cedence to Government business for the 
rest of the session, &c., was strongly op- 
posed, and the closure was several times 
attempted. Finally, Mr. Gladstone's reso- 
lution was carried by 163 votes to 75. The 
House rose for the Easter holidays. 

— Fifth and sixth schedule of Home 
Rule Bill issued. They pvoide for the 
withdrawal of the Irish Constabulary by 
the Executive of the Iri.sh Privy Council 
wherever adequate local pulice is provided, 
and the complete extinction of the force 
when the local police is everywhere estab- 
lished, and that a pension may be awarded 
to a constable equal to one-tiftieth of his 
annual pay for every completed year of 
.service, wich an addition of ten years to 
his actual years of service. 

— Annual meeting of Beaconsfield Ha- 
bitation of Primrose League, Mr. A. L. 
Barlee in the chair. Resolution condemn- 
ing Home Rule Bill passed unanimously. 

— John Humphreys, a respectable far- 
mer, died at Whitechurch, County Cork, 
to-day, from injuries received on St. 
Patrick's Day, when, as is alleged, he was 
beaten while crossing the land of a farmer 
named Mulcahy, who had been ooliged 
some time previously to give up an evicted 
farm according to the award of a tribunal 
of arbitration against him as a " land- 
grabber," Humphreys being one of the 
arbitrators. 

— Meeting of Scotchmen resident in 
Belfast, Mr. George Clarke, of the ship- 
building firm of Workman, Clarke & Co., 
in the chair. The chairman was one 
of the Belfast deputation who recently 
interviewed Mr. Gladstone. He gave an 
account of thebrusque reception accorded 
to them by the Premier. Resolutions 
were passed with reference to a manifesto 
against Home Rule, and the despatch of 
delegates to Scotland, to explain the 
political situation as it affects Unionists. 



no 



S^Oi'ES FROM IltELAKD. 



— List of signatures to Home Rule recently an application for abatement of 

petition from Irish Roman Catholics rent was made by the tenants, opposed by 

continues to increase. Amongst the latest the guardian, Rev. Mr. Browne, T. f., and 

signatures is that of Daniel O'Connell, rejected by the court, 
son of " the Liberator," who says he is 



sure that if his father were alive he 



DiiMin Gazelle of this date gives a 



ire nat u nis latner were aiive iie |;.j ^^ „^ ^^,^^ completed under the 6th 
would not consent to hand over the ^^^^^^^ ^^ ^^^ ^aud Purchase Act uf l8SS, 



country to the tender mercies of the so- 
called Nationalist leaders.'" 



one being on tbe tstate of the Earl ol 
Enniskillen in Counly Fermanagh ; one 
— In the Queen's Bench Division an on that of R. J. Greene, in King's County; 
application was made to Mr.Justice Holmes seven on that of Elizabeth Jane Ireland, 
onbebalfof Mr. VV.H. K.Redmond, M.P., in County Meath, and eight on that of 
the respondent in the matter of the East Viscount Powerscourt, County 'Wexford : 
Clare election petition, filed by Mr. Joseph one on that of John Bolton Cooper Justin, 
R. Cox, for an order directirg the with- County Cork ; 45 on that of Abel Buckley, 
drawal from the Bank of Ireland of a sum ! and one on that of Bobert Langley Hunt, 
of /i.ooo lodged as security by the peti- two on that of Geo'ge Lane Fox, County 
tioner. Mr. l.irummond, y.C, referred to U'aterford ; 136 on that of Rev. Samutl 
the certihcale of taxed costs in the matter, . Wm. Turner and John Hunter (trustees cl 
which amounted to £2,2iiQ 2s. 6d., money Uichard Berridge), County Galway ; iS 
still due to the respondent. There was no on that of Sir Henry VV. Gore Booth. The 
opposition to the application, which was Gazette also gives a list of 133 advances 
granted, Mr. Justice Holmes allowing four sanctioned, and eight refused under the 



guineas as costs of the motion. 

— The Londonderry Chamber of Com- 
merce, at its annual meeting to-day — the 
President, Mr. Alex. Wilson, in the chair 
— unanimously adopted the report of the 
Council, which contained the following 
paragraph : — " This Chamber consider^ 
that the financial clauses of the Govern- 
ment of Ireland Bill are ruinous to the 
commercial interests of tbe country. " Mr. 
Edgar Bigger, in moving the report, said 
they would not as a chamber touch on the 
political aspect. 

— Anti- Home Rule meetings of this and 
contiguous dates at Clarenco Place, Bel- 
fast ; Newington, Knock, Nevvmills, Eden- 
ordinary, Warrenpoint,Annaghmore,()thces 
of Ulster Loyalist Union, Belfast ; Castle- 
dawson, Derrylee, Tralee, Newtownhamil- 
ton, Coleraine. Unionist clubs were formed 
in several of the foregoing places. 

31.— (Good Friday)— Sir W. Quartus 
Ewart delivered a speech at a largely- 
attended meeting of Belfast Unionists, 
in which he referred to the hostile re- 
ception given to the commercial deputa- 
tion from Belfast who recently waited on 
Mr. Gladstone. He stated that the 
written rejoinder which would be for- 
warded to Mr. Gladstone would tear the 
Prime Minister's inaccuracies to pieces, 
and that it would be distributed broad- 
cast. 

— The Irish Unionist Alliance have 
adopted an official badge, which is to be 
generally worn by both sexes. It has 
been specially designed by Messrs. 
Marcus Ward and Company of Belfast, 
and consists of a Rose, Shamrock, and 
Thistle, bound together by a ribbon, on 
which is inscribed — " Quis Separabit.' 
In the centre is a shield, which has em- 
blazoned in enamel the Union Jack. 
The whole is surmounted by the Im- 



Land Puchase Act of 1S90. 

— "An Irishman in Canada" writes 
an instructive article on Clerical Rule in 
Canada to the Christian Irishtnan. Quoted 
in Daily Express of ist April. 

April 1. — In the Freeman's .fovval 
an announcement is made of the publica- 
tion of two pamphlets by Bishop Nulty in 
vindication of himself, liis famous eleciiou 
pastoral, and hi-i priests. Four or five 
columns of quotation. 

— Circular issued from the Castle to 
the heads of all departments of the Civil 
Service in Dublin asking for particulars of 
the salaries and periods of service of the 
officials. A deputation representing the 
Civil Service Departments in Ireland 
waited on Mr. Wurley at the Castle in 
reference to the provisions of the Home 
Rule Bill affecting their position. 'Jhe 
interview was private. 

— Opening of a Home Rule Fund 
notified by ihe committee of the Irish 
(M'Carthyite) Parliamentary Party. 

— General committee meeting of the 
Limerick branch of the Irish Unionist 
Alliance at the George Hotel, Limerick — 
the High Sheriff (James O'Grady Delmege, 
Esq.) presiding. The addiess to be pre- 
sented to Mr. Balfour in Dublin on the 
8th inst. was agreed upon, and delegates 
from the county and city were selected to 
attend the monster demonstration to lake 
place in the Albert Hall, London, on the 
22nd inst. 

— At Omagh an imposing meeting of 
Unionists, including a large number of 
Roman Catholics, was held. William 
Fleming Black, Esq., D.L., presided. The 
Very Kev. the Dean of Clonfert moved 
the following resolution : — " That we, the 



perial Crown. The design has been F"'"."'"' '"''='''[',^°'\°f."'"^Sh. in public 
made copyright, and the work of produc- meeting assembled, desire to express our 



ing them has been entrusted to Mr. 
Edmund Johnson, of Grafton Street. The 
badge will be worn by the Irish Unionist 
delegates at the Albert Hall demonstra- 
tion on the 22nd April. 

— The house of a rent warnerand bog- 
ranger named Fitzgibbon, on the Butler 
estate at Cusheen, County Clare, was fired 
into, the bullet passing near the head of 
his wife. The estate is in Chancery, and 



loyalty to her Majesty the Queen, and ou 
determination to resist by every means in 
our power the efforts of those who seek to 
sever the Union at present happily exist- 
ing between Great Britain and Ireland." 
The meeting was also addressed by Mr. 
Clements, Chairman of the Town Com- 
missioners ; Rev. J. Hamilton and Rev. 
John Smith, Presbyterian clergymen ; 
and the Rev. John Sides, Church of Ire- 
land. 



— Cork Anti-Home Rule Petition de- 
spatched to House of Commons. Sixteen 
thousand signatures, irrespective of 3,000 
which have gone direct to Irish Unionist 
Alliance. 

S. — (Easter Stinday) — Lord Mayor of 
Dublin attended Diviue (service in State 
at Christ Church Cathedral. 

3. — (Easter Monday) — Freeman's Journal 
publishes two columns of extracts from 
Bishop Nulty's second pamphlet, in de- 
fence of the action of the Bishops of 
Ireland in reference to Parnellism. The 
Bishop lays down the following general 
principle: — "Tbe Bishop?, as official 
guardians of the faith, and by virtue of 
iheir divine commission to preach and 
teach it, are conscientiously bound to re- 
probate and condemn all social institutions 
and political organisations which are based 
on false and immoral principles ; that are 
dangerous to Catholic faith and prejudicial 
to Catholic feelings, or that are subversive 
of the Christian moral principles which 
the faithful are bound to observe and era- 
body in their lives." 

— Mr. Balfour arrived in Belfast, and 
was received most enthusiastically. In 
reply to an address pretented by the New- 
townards Town Commissioners, he said he 
was the spokesman of those in England 
who were determined to resist to the ut- 
most the Home Rule proposals at present 
before the House of Commons. 

• — Five hundred Northumberland and 
Durham miners visited Belfast, and were 
entertained at breakfast in the Assembly 
Hall, the Lord Mayor presiding. 

4. — Unparalleled demonstration in Bel- 
fast in opposition to Home Rule Bill. 
From a grand stand Mr. Balfour witnessed 
the march past of, it is estimated, not less 
than 100,000 men. The right hon. gentle- 
man addressed a crowded meeting in the 
Ulster Hall in the evening. 

— Meeting of Unionists of Westmeath 
held at Mullingar to protest against Bill. 
Sir Montague Chapman presided, and the 
Earl of Longford, Hon. Horace Plunkett, 
M.P., and Colonel FfoUiDtt also addressed 
the meeting. 

— Meeting of Unionists at Abbeyleix, 
Lord de Vesci presiding. Resolutions pro- 
testing against Home Rule were adopted. 
The speakers included Lord Castletown 
.Vlr. R. Staples, U.L. ; General White, 
C.B. ; Mr. J. W. Moore, Captain Dease, 
Rev. W. Greer, Methodist minister; Kev. 
Canon Torren?, and Mr. Donaldson. 

— Disturbances have been renewed at 
Bodyke, shots being fired in the air, and 
threatening notices sprinkled with blood 
being sent to the estate agent through the 
post. 

5.— Mr. Balfour was entertained at lun- 
cheon in Belfast by the Lord Mayor. In 
reply to the toast of his health, Mr. Balfour 
said that when the English people tho- 
roughly understood the nature of the 
problem they had to de.il with the cause 
of Home Rule would be lost. Later in 
I the day Mr, Balfour travelled from Belfast 



NOTES FMOM IBELAND. 



I.) Dublin by the limited mail train. At 
seiferal stations he received a cordial greet- 
ing, and on hia arrival at the Amiens Mreet 
terminus he was presented with an addre-s 
by the ExeciUive Commiltee of the Irish 
Unionist Alliance. Mrny of the members 
of the local committee were present, in- 
clu-iing the Ea'l of Miyo, Mr. William 
Kenny, MP.; Sir Robert Sexton, Mr. 
Charles Martin, Mr. Gordon Toombe, Mr. 



R. T. Callow, J.P. ; Mr. Jas. Poole Maun- 
sell, Mr. ( '. W. Townsend, Mr. Jonathan 
Ho;g, Mr. G. F. .Stewart, Mr. Shapland 
Tandy, Mr. J. R. Wigham, Mr. Arthur L. 
Barlee, Mr. William Findlater, D.L. ; Dr. 
I'atton, Mr. Isaac Beckett, |.P. ; Mr. W. 
G. Stewart. Mr. G. R. Wills-Sandford. 
Mr. D. Cajsar Litton Falkiner, Mr. J. W. 
Moore, Mr. Richard Farrell, and Mr. W. 
G. Cox, Secretary. 



— A public meeting of Proie>tant Home 
Rulers held in Dublin, the Lord Mayor 
presiding. Resolutions were adopted ap- 
proving of the Bill, subject to the amend- 
ment of the financial clauses, and speeches 
were delivered by the Lord Mayor, Mr. 
Pierce Mahony, Dr. Houston, Q.C., Pro- 
fessor Stewart, and others. 



WILL ULSTER FIGHT? 

"UNITED IRELAND" ALARMED. 
The Editor of United Ireland does not treat 
Ulster's determined attitude against Mr. Glad- 
stone's disruption Bill as mere " bunkum." In 
a leading article addressed " to Mr. Morley " we 
find the following warning and advice to the 
Chief Secretary : — 

We- think the time has come when the National 
journals of Ireland should protest against the apparent 
indifference of the Irish Government to the state of af- 
fairs which is developing in Ulster. It is all very well for 
Liberal papers and politicians, who know very little 
about the North of Ireland, to say that these threats of 
civil war from Irish Unionists inean nothing, and are 
mere words; and so to rest contented. . . . There 
certainly will not be civil war ; but just as certainly 
there will be riots and bloodshed, and many lives of 
innocent people will be lost. Can this prospect be 
contemplated with the apparent apathy which character- 
ises the present attitude of the Irish Adininistration 
towards the treason which is abroad ? No man who 
has the interest of Ireland at heart can view the 
prospect with any feeling but that of alarm. We 
irnagine we understand Mr. Morley's position. He is 
afraid, by any decided action, to give importance to 
braggadocio, and so to create soinething more serious. 
The defence, on the face of it, seems plausible. But 
how have Irish Nationalist " rebels " been dealt with 
when they had got to the point arrived at by the 
Colonel Saundersons of the North ? They have been 
arrested, tried (by packed juries), convicted, and sent 
to penal servitude. John Mitchell had no sooner 
counselled the people to arm and fight like men for 
their lives and hberties than his paper was seized, him- 
self thrown into prison, and in due course, by the 
processes of "the law" known in those days, sent to 
Van Diemen's Land- It is the boast of the present 
Liberal Party that they have come to Ireland to change 
the condition of affairs under which Nationalists felt 
justified in saying that there was one system of laws 
for them and another for the party of Ascendency. 
Can they make that boast in presence of the fact that 
treason is being preached from nearly every Unionist 



platform in Ulster ? We can tell the Chief Secretary 
that the suspicion is growing that he is nervous about 
dealing with these right royal rebels. . . . We say 
it is time to stop the Ulster firebrands. They are 
laying the sure foundation of serious trouble in the 
North. Law is law, and it is about titne, we humbly 
submit to Mr. Morley, that he reminded these gentle- 
men of the fact. — United Ireland, ist April, 1893. 

A "SMALL COMMISSION" WITNESS. 



It is certainly surprising that Canon Keller should 
have declared (1463) in his evidence before the 
Evicted Tenants' Commission that he knew of nothing 
in connection with the dispute, except the death of 
Patrick Hanlon, so absolutely sad or disastrous, not 
alone to the tenants, but to the public interest, as 
the signiiig of these agreetnents, the effect of which 
has been to restore a number of the evicted tenants to 
their holdings. Canon Keller also stated (1464) that 
he had " the most absolute proof that could exist that 
these tenants signed under duress," but he was only 
able (1476-7) to give the names of three tenants as 
those of men who would prove duress — namely, John 
Lynch, John Flanagan, and John Kennedy. The 
only evidence of duress given by Lynch was to the 
effect that Mr. Long, a gentleman carrying on business 
in Youghal, and Comtnissioner for taking aftidavits, 
informed him that if he did not purchase his lands 
would be divided among the neighbouring farms 
(2268). Mr. Long interested hitnself in the matter of 
a settlement between Mr. Ponsonby and his tetaants, 
but he was in no way acting as agent for the former. 
His statutory declaration as to what passed between 
them will be found below (2264-70). Particular 
attention may be drawn to Lynch's reply to Mr. Long, 
when the latter asked him why he had not told the 
truth in his evidence before the Commission ; — " Sure 
you will not blame me when I tell you they gave me 85. 
a day, paid my trains, and took me to all the shoius in 
Dublin, and more, they restored my pension '' (i.e., 
under the Plan of Campaign), ";^io monthly'' (at the 
same time puUing out his purse and showing the 
money), "-and I am to get it regular." — [Extract from 
reply to the Mathew Commission.] 



KOTES FROyr IRELAND. 



LIFE IN IRELAND. 



BOYCOTTING AND THREATS. 
Michael White held a portion of the lands within 
the demesne of Captain Townsend, Myroswood, Leap, 
Co. Cork, for which he sought to have a judicial rent 
fixed. This was resisted on the grounds of the lands 
being within the demesne, and the letting of a grazing 
one, which contention was ultimately upheld. 

Michael White then refused to pay his rent of ^^90 
a year, and was subsequently evicted in September, 
1892. 

The Sunday after the eviction a meeting was held in 
a place called Brada, near Myroswood, at which the 
Rev. John Lyons, Administrator, presided. The Rev. 
Eugene Daly, CO., and Mr. E. Barry, M.P., were also 
present. It is reported in the Southern Star of the 
ist October, 1892, and the Cork Constitution of the 
28th September, 1892, that in the course of his remarks 
the Chairman said — " It cannot be said that we are 
not a most patient race of people, when sons could 
look on and see their mothers thus inhumanly treated 
and not rush on that bailiff, even at the risk of being 
spiked on the policemen's bayonets, and batter out his 
very brains. (Hear, hear, and loud cheers.) Finally, 
I will only say that I expect the people of this locality 
have been sufficiently educated by their fellow-country- 
men during the past ten years of strifes and struggles 
under a Tory Government to know what their duty 
is on this occasion, and knowing it to act up to it." 

Captain W. Power Townsend, the agent of the 
property, wrote to the Castle, calling attention to this 
language, and in reply was informed — "That it did 
not seem such language was used, from the reports as 
furnished by the police." Also on the 22nd October 
Captain Townsend called attention to the matter at 
the annual meeting of the Cork Defence Union. 

I'he Rev. Mr. Lyons then wrote to the papers 
denying the use of the language. Captain Townsend 
replied that he simply quoted from the speeches as re- 
ported in the Cork papers, to which Father Lyons did 
not reply. 

The people in the neighbourhood appear to think 
that a portion of their duty which Father Lyons is re- 
ported to have said that they were sufficiently educated 
to undertake was to boycott Captain Townsend and 
members of his family, and those working for him, and 
to issue threatening letters, copies of two of which that 
are now in the hands of the police, and two original 
ones that were not handed to the police, are given 
below. 

For some time past on Captain Townsend or any 
member of his family (especially the lady members) 
appearing on the public road, they have been molested 
by persons blowing horns, sometimes always into their 



faces, and otherwise attempting to annoy them. This ' 
form of annoyance is particularly indulged in on 
Sundays, as it is perfectly well known the time the 
members of the family attend public worship. 

Two women, members of the evicted tenant's family, 
were bound over to keep the peace on the 17th inst. 
for molesting Mrs. Townsend and her daughter and 
f^aptain E. Townsend, R. E., by blowing horns in their 
faces and using insulting and filthy language while on 
their way to church. 

This would appear to be also a part of the duty 
Father Lyons referred to, as he has not publicly re- 
buked the members of his flock for doing so. 

Subsequent to the eviction Captain Townsend 
offered to let the farm to White as a grazing farm for 
^65 a year (former rent £90); he (the landlord) 
paying all rates and taxes, and to accept a sum of ;^ 100 
in lieu of amount of arrears of rent and costs due, 
which came to close on ^"250. Father Lyons sent word 
to say he would undertake that these terms would be 
accepted, but they afterwards refused them and would 
only go back as " agricultural tenants," which the 
highest court in Ireland has decreed they never were. 



Received by post by John Callaghan, Weaver, 
Reymore Leaf, on March loth, 1893, the follow- 
ing threatening letter : — 

"A WARNING. 

" If you don't stop off working immediately for 
the Townsends, have your life in your hand, for 
every stroke you strike on the anvil for them, so 
you would be better abide by this, as it is hard for 
one so young to meet thine early grave. And if not., 
beware you will have to meet thy God and that before 
long. 

"Signed by Jack the Rippkr." 



The following threatening letter was received by 
post by Charles Daly, Myroswood, Leap, Co. 
Cork, on March loth, 1893 : — 

" A WARNING. 

•' You are getting this as a warning beforehand, as 
life is very sweet, and if you prize it stop bringing pro- 
visions to the Townsends and their followers, the 
Emergencies, or aiding them in any way. If not, look 
out for yourself, and be prepared any moment to meet 
thy God. 

"Signed, Jack, the Rippkr." 

A similar threatening letter was received by 
Mrs. Townsend, a lady of 70 years of age, also 
signed " Jack the Ripper." 



I^OTES FROM IRELAND 

*^* A Record of the sayings and doings of the Home Rule Parties in the furtherance of their " Separatist" Policy 
for Ireland ; and of facts connected with the country. For the information of the Imperial Parliament^ tlie Press, 



and the Public generally. 



No. 15.— Vol. 1.— New Series. 1.5th APRIL, 1893. 



Price Id. 



® O n t C It t B . PAGE 

The Land Market — Mr. Matthews Censures the 
Irish Bishops and Priests — The Bkginning of 

THE End — The PowE-t ov the Methodist Church 113 

The Ruin OF THE "Freeman's Journal" 114 

Intimidation Anew — Crime in Clare ... ... 115 

"Marching through Rapine " — A Nationalist Critic 

ON Bishop Nulti 116 

A Diurnal 117 

A Nationalist Critic on Archbishop Walsh^Can 

Bishop Nulty Explain 119 

A Tbiangular View OF Home Rule ... 120 



THE LAND MARKET. 



Auction OF Land near Macroom. — On Wednesday 
the farm of Mr. John Wall, of Toames East, was put up 
for sale by auction on the lands by Mr. Jeremiah J- 
Cronin, auctioneer, Macroom. After a spirited 
bidding between Messrs. John Desmond, Matthew 
Murphy, D. Corcoran, and John iiucUlev, the farm 
was knocked down to Mr. John Buckley, Coomlibane, 
for;^57oand 5 per cent, auction fees. The area of 
the farm is 64 acres, the judicial rent is;^22, and the 
poor law valuation ^27. The vendor expressed his 
thanks to the auctioneer. The farming effects on the 
lands were also sold at remunerative prices. Mr. 
Michael Purcell, solicitor, had carriage of the sale. — Cork 
txavuiier, loth April, 1893. 



MR. MATTHEWS CENSURES THE 
IRISH BISHOPS AND PRIESTS. 



The Freeman (nth instant) thus reports Mr. 
Matthews, M.P., at Kensington : — 

London, Monday Night. 
Mr. Matthews, M.F., addressed a Unionist meeting 
of about three thousand people at Kensington to-night. 
The right hon. gentleman said it was a question, if 
payment of members was established, if the eighty 
Irish members would not have to be paid by England. 
The establishment of an Ultramontane Church would 
be quite possible indirectly. Some indirect endow- 
ment of the Catholic Church in Ireland would be 
e.xtremely likely — would be forced upon an Irish 
Legislature by the influence of the priests and bishops 
in Ireland, whose influence was disastrously large. 
(Prolonged cheers.) Although he was Jiimself a 
Catholic, he stood on that platform to protest with all 
his might against the measure. — Freeman's Journal, 
nth April, 1893. 



THE BEGINNING OF THE END. 



DISTRESSFUL IRELAND AND DISTRESSFUL 

QUEBEC. 
The Freeman's Journal The Freeman s Journal 



of the 30th March 
quotes from the Len- 
ten Pastoral of the 
Roman Catholic Arch- 
bishop of Hobart, who 
recently visited Ireland, 
and who thus speaks of 
what he saw : — 

■ In passing through the 



of the I2th April re- 
ports Mr. T. W. Rus- 
sell's speech in the 
House of Commons on 
the preceding evening 
as follows : — 

"If they wanted to find in 
Canada a real analogy to 
Irish Home Rule it was to 



country the artistic beauty be found in Quebec, where 
of the numerous churches they had got the political 



which have been erected 
in the cities and principal 
towns within a short 
period, and the splendour 
of their decorations, at- 
tracted our admiration, 
and testify to the zeal and 
liberality of clergy and 
laity for the House of 
God. Nor can we omit 
to mention the magnificent 
colleges and convents 
vv-hich have sprung up all 
around for the Catholic 
education of the people. 
The exquisitely beautiful 
chapels to be seen within 
the walls of these buildings 
would remind one of the 
mansions prepared for the 
elect in their Father's 
House." 



dominion of the Roman 
t'atholics to an extent 
that was not to be found 
anywhere else in the 
world, and they had got 
.also corruption, a growing 
debt, an empty exchequer, 
a poor population, and a 
Church rich beyond the 
dreams of avarice. Edu- 
cation was in the hands of 
the Church, and was a 
farce, and when there was 
a deficiency of revenue 
fresh taxation was put 
upon the commercial 
classes of Montreal. One 
Quebec was enough for 
the nineteenth century." 
(Cheers.) 



THE POWER OP THE METHODIST 
CHURCH. 



The Christian Advoate says: — "In the several 
branches of Methodism in Eng'and there are 4,440 
ministers, t5,6oo churches (not including preaching 
stations), 90.S.336 Church members, and 4.216,774 
adherents." If the true state of affairs in connection 
with Home Rule could be brought to the knowledge 
of these Methodi.st voters in i-ngland, and the dangers 
to which their co-religionists in this country would be 
exposed under it clearly made known, the controversy 
would soon be definitely settled for at least this 
gtntxz&QXi.— Daily Express, nth April, 1893. 



NOTES FROM IltTCLAND. 



THE RUIN OP THE "FREEMAN'S 
JOURNAL." 



THE EFFF.CTS OF HOME RULE PLUS 
CLERICAL RULE IN THE 'FREEMAN " OFFICE. 

In the last issue of Notes from Ireland there 
appeared a copy of the notice of the annual 
meeting sent to the shareholders of the Free- 
man's Jottrna! Company by Mr. Gillies, the 
Secretary, which contained a statement of the 
extraordinary losses on the property during the 
past year. On the 6th inst., the day appointed, 
the meeting was duly held, Mr. T. Sexton, M.P, 
presiding, and the report of it extends to some 
four columns of the Freeman's Journal. The 
Independent report, which is fuller, extends to 
over six columns. The result of the meeting was 
the appointment of a committee to inquire into 
the affairs of the Company, and report to an 
adjourned meeting to be held on the 2nd May. 
The committee appointed are — The Most Rev. 
Dr. O'Donnell, Bishop of Raphoe ; Messrs. P. 
J. Donnelly, 124 Capel Street, Dublin ; P. F. 
Dunn, Cork ; Edward Gallagher, Strabane ; E. 
Burke, Limerick ; Dl. Murphy, Sandymount. 
Dublin ; Edwd. Hughes, Belfast ; John M'Quaid, 
J. P., Dublin ; T. J. Clancy, J.R, Cork ; and Mr. 
John Duncan, Athy. Some dissatisfaction was 
expressed at the non-journalistic character of 
the committee, which is thus analysed by the 
Independent of the 7th inst. : — 

" The committee is composed of a young bishop, the 
brother of an old bishop in pai-tihiis infideliujii, himself 
a baker, a Belfast baker, who no doubt knows a great 
deal about his own business, although he did not make 
it ; a tanner, and a butter merchant from Cork, one of 
the tribe of Gallaghers from the North ; an Italian, 
called Murphy, from Sandymount, and Mr. John 
M'Quaid, J. P., from Dublin, with Mr. Burke, of 
Lunerick. The main consideration which seems to 
have directed the composition of this committee is, 
that they should be taken, not only from the four points 
of the compass, but from all the intermediate points as 
well, and they may be correctly called ' the N.N.E., a 
little southerly, sir, ' Committee. We have the greatest 
personal respect for every one of these gentlemen. 
But it will occur to the shareholders themselves that 
they are unfitted, in the highest degree, for any practi- 
cal investigation into the affairs of a newspaper. We 
greatly doubt that the members of the staff, who are 
threateneJ with the new firing out, will be inclined 
to obey recommendations, or bow to the dictates 
of such a committee. Would a broken Bench of 
Bishops bov/ to the mandate of a Committee of 
Journalists? Would a batch of bakers obey the 
mandate of a bench of printers ? Why is there not even 
the competent expert put upon this committee ? Let 
it be (ieorge Augustus Sala ; let it be Mr. Clayton, of 
the Daily News ; let it be even Mr. T. P. O'Connor. 
. . . Are the bishops and the bakers and the tinker 
and the tailor to decide the fate of the wretched 



employees in the Fallen Journal ? That is what they 
are threatened with at the mouth of Mr. Sexton." 

The following are further extracts from the 
leading article of the Independent (the Freeman 
being editorially silent as regards the meeting) : — 

" There is practically an examination into death by 
bankruptcy, and not all Mr. Saponaceous Sexton's 
best VVindsor soap style could conceal from the 
shareholders the mortuary fact which the Archbishop 
(Dr. Walsh) had already announced to them — 
namely, that the Fallen Journal was on the verge of 
the grave. The inquest itself however, was an illegal 
one, and Dr. Kenny served them with due notice ; 
but leaving that for the law courts to decide, and 
passing to the directors' report, the chairman's state- 
ment, and the proposals put before the company, 
what do we find ? We find that the only resort left 
to the i)resent Board of Directors is to call in a com- 
mittee of shareholders to evolve some method to raise 
the dead to life, and to extricate the directors them- 
selves from a death-grip with which they are con- 
fessedly incajsable of grappling. It is a fatal confes- 
sion. It will be seen from the directors' report, the 
chairman's speech, and the expressions of opinion 
from the mouths of Mr. Molloy, Mr. Ross, iMr. 
Cunningham, and other shareholders, that the loss on 
the Freeman'' s Journal during the year has been more 
like ^30,00'.. than ^15,000. There is no Reserve 
Fund left. There is no Building Fund left. There 
is no Contingency Fund left. There is a crushing 
overdraft at the bank. There is not sufticient income, 
and there is absolutely nothing left except the un- 
whitewashed tenement houses of the company and the 
inchoate walls of the buildings started in the flourishing 
days of the Journak and whatever the machinery and 
well-worn type could realise at a bankrupt sale. 
Even on this Mrs. O'Conor, or her representative, 
Captain O'Conor, has the first charge. Nobody can 
get anything until they are appeased. Now, what are 
the proposals of the chairman? They are first the 
appointment of a number of persons to investigate the 
affairs of the compan)', not one of whom was an 
hour on the premises of a newspaper concern in his 
life, and not one of whom knows a tittle about the 
working of a daily journal And what is it proposed to 
put before this committee as its work? The first 
proposal is practically to fire out the Board. Mr. 
Sexton used the word ' reconstruction,' but we will 
freely translate that into ' firing out,' and we will give 
Mr. Sexton the benefit of his frank statement that he 
would be willing to be the first man fired out himself 
The second object put before the committee is the 
firing out of the staff. Mr. Sexton phrased this as 
' the reduction of expenditure.' But again we freely 
translate his words, and we say that what that means 
in practice is the firing out of either the members of the 
old staff of the Freeman's Journal remaining or the 
staff brought on at the time of the so-called amal- 
gamation with the National Press. It is evident from 
expressions of opinion from priests and others present 
at the meeting that a considerable tussle will take place 
when it comes to the act of decimation or expulsion of 
sections of the staff. The third object placed by the 
Chairman before the Committee of Shareholders is to 



NOTES FROM IRELAND. 



115 



decide whether the call due upon the old Freeman 
shares should be made. The question at once arises 
in this regard whether that call can be made without 
the consent of a Dublin bank. No doubt the money 
may be called up. But what good would that do the 
Fallen Journal, inasmuch as a very large portion must 
be immediately or eventually devoted to liquidate the in- 
'debtedness to the bank, and the residue would be of very 
little assistance indeed to carry on the affairs of a com- 
pany, for the ordinary working of which in salaries and 
wages alone, not to speak of news supplies, telegraphing, 
horses, vans, correspondence, and so forth — about a 
thousand pounds a week must be paid every Friday 
across the counter by the cashier. 
" . . . . We do not wish to say a harsh word, 
but is our duty to state the plain truth. There is no 
sympathy for 'any of the parties connected with the 
shame and the scandal of Princes Street. Their 
dissensions, their Billingsgate, their blackguardism, are 
a bar and an argument against the consummation of 
the nation's hopes. There is no stronger argument 
at the present moment against Home Rule than the 
incapacity, the bickerings, and the absence of all sense 
of public decorum characterising the several recent 
Boards of the Fallen Journal." 



INTIMIDATION ANEW. 



A "VERY REVEREND" IN THE JUDICIAL 
CHAIR. 

Under Mr. Morley's encouraging regime of 
" peace," the Boycotter and the National League 
Courts of National League Justice are coming 
mere and more to the front. The following is 
taken from the last issue of that highly religious 
instructor, the Irish Catholic : — 

IRISH NATIONAL FEDERATION. 

Rochford-bridge (Co. Westraeath) Branch. — The 
committee of this branch held their meeting on Sun- 
day, when the chair was occupied by Very Rev. P. 
Fagan, P.P., V.F. An explanation was received from 
the members complained of having intercourse with 
the local grabber, and after a considerable discussion it 
was accepted an satisfactory. A complaint was lodged 
regarding the conduct of O'le o/" </!.>; sub-sanitary oficers 
of the MulUnqar Union, in holding intercourse with the 
grabber — action on matter postponed until next meet- 
ing. Peter M'Donald came before the meeting and 
apologised _/br /ds havin// associated himself with the sup- 
porters if Colonel Dopping in that district. As his 
application for membership was to be decided at the 



meeting his admission was postponed until ne.xt meet- 
ing in order to give him an opportunity of showing 
that his apology was sincere. A resolution was 
received from the Kinnegad Branch referring to the 
grazing of evicted farm.-; and as the committee of this 
branch have already taken action in the matter, the 
resolution was marked "read." It was decided that 
a special meeting of the committee be held on Sunday 
ne.xt at Meedin, to take into considerallin the slate of 
ajfalrs in 'hut district, and to consider the advisability 
of holding a public demonstration. — Irish Catholic, 8th 
April, 1893. 



CRIME IN CLARE. 



At a special Court under the Peace Preservation 
Act, held on Saturday, Mr. F. Gr. Hodder, R.M., 
presiding, a young man of the farming class, named 
Michael Leo, from Drumcliffe, near Ennis, was 
sentenced to the maximum penalty of three months' 
imprisonment, and at the expiration of that period to 
enter into recognizances, himself in ^50, with two 
securities of;!^2 5 each. He had been met by Head- 
Constable O'SuUivan and Constable Deegnan while on 
patrol on St. Patrick's night, on the outskirts of the 
town, and on being stopped and searched two loaded 
five-chambered revolvers were found in his possession, 
for which he had no licence. A second charge against 
Leo under the Whiteboy Act was dropped. Mr. 
Dunniug, who prosecuted, then brought up another 
case, in which Leo, with five other young men of the 
farming class from the same district, were required 
under an old statute of Edward III. and the Com- 
mission of the Peace to show cause why they should 
not be bound to the peace, being persons of ill-fame. 
The allegation was that the defendants had been seen 
and watched by the police under circumstances which 
raised the suspicion that they were gathered for 
purposes of crime and outrage. Mr. Hodder com- 
mented at length on the state of Clare and the terrible 
picture presented by the existing condition, and he 
ordered the defendants to give the required bonds, 
themselves in ;^2o each, with two securities of ^^lo 
each, or in default three months' imprisonment. — Cor'; 
Ezamnier, lith April, 1893. 



118 



wotEs Prom irelakh. 



marchijstg through rapine." 



OPEN CONFESSION. 
Will Mr. Gladstone, and will Air. Justin 
M'Carthy, make a note of the following extract 
from the Irish Daily Indcpetidcnfs report (l2th 
April) of a speech delivered on the previous 
evening by Dr. J. E. Kenny, M.P., before the 
Shilmalier Branch of the Irish National League, 
Aungier Street, Dublin ? : — 

He (Dr. Kenny) referred to the incident which 
occurred in the Home Rule debate on the previous 
night, and he desired to join with his friend William 
Redmond— (applause) — in expressing his indignation at 
it. Mr. Redmond was too good a Wexford man to 
sit still and hear the name of the great illustrious 
Parnell traduced. He (Dr. Kenny) joined heartily 
with him in protesting against the insinuation made 
against the memory of their beloved Chief The 
insinuation was that against him was levelled the 
famous saying of Mr. Gladstone that he was marching 
through rapine and murder to the dismemberment of 
the Empire. Whatever Mr. Parnell marched through 
they had marched shoulder to shoulder with him. 
(Applause.) Whatever else he did, so far as he (Dr. 
Kenny) was concerned, it was the pride of his life that 
he stood by his side from the beginning of his political 
career to his dying day. Whatever else he did, he 
(Dr. Kenny) took his humble part in endeavouring to 
forward his aims ; whatever his methods were, they 
commended themselves to him and gained his entire 
approval, and no act of his life in politics did he 
repudiate. Mr. Parnell was his political guide and 
leader. He was the founder of their movement, and 
the Moses of their race. If he committed mistakes he 
committed them for the love of Ireland, and they 
should not scrutinise them with too critical an eye. 
He thought they would be guilty of a foul infamy if, 
having taken advantage of his political principles, they 
did not associate themselves with every act of his 
political hfe. (Applause.) There was another aspect of 
the case on the previous night that he desired to draw- 
attention to, and which must cause in the heart of 
every right-minded Irishman a feeling of pain and 
indignation. He referred to the fact that when the 
speaker who followed Mr. Gladstone — the pretended 
leader of the Irish race — stood up to speak on the 
great question, he had not one word of protest to utter 
or one word of d(, fence to give of the memory of his 
old companion in arms. A more disgraceful and 
humiliating scene it was not possible to conceive than 



to find the memory of so great an Irishman attacked, 
and the vast bulk of those who pretended to represent 
the National feeling of Ireland sitting like dumb dogs, 
and giving no tongue when that memory was traduced. 
Let them dissociate themselves from such conduct 
and show that they had no part in such infamy. — • 
Independent, 12th April, 1893. 



A NATIONALIST CRITIC ON 
BISHOP NULTY. 



"UNITED IRELAND" AGAIN. 

Dr. Nultv has published his defence. He offers 
an explanation for the delay in issuing the circular of 
the Bishops, but he is judicially (m-) silent as to the 
serious charge made against himself — namely, that 
after the proceedings in the Divorce Court he told 
Mr. Healy that there was nothing for it but to stick 
to Parnell. He denies that he said that women of 
Parnellite sympathies were worse than abandoned 
women. His denial has been met by a declaration 
signed by Joseph Moore, T.C. ; Thomas Kennedy, 
C.T.C. ; John Smyth, T.C; John Brogan, Patrick 
Neville, .Michael Brogan, Patrick Bentell, Thomas 
Tomlin, Patrick Connolly, Nicholas Goonery, John 
Covi'ley, Thomas Dowd, and Patrick Canty, that his 
lordship distinctly stated that " the woman who 
sympathises with Parnellism is worse than an 
abandoned woman." It was sworn at the trial that 
his lordship said in one of his sermons that on the 
Day of Judgment he would plead against the 
Pamellites of his flock. This statement he does not 
attempt to meet. Of course the proper place to meet 
these charges was the witness-box. i he laws of 
evidence, instead of preventing him, would have 
enabled him to meet every such charge brought 
against him if it was capable of being met. And the 
only conclusion that can be drawn from ihc' actiom 
of his counsel in keeping him out of the witness-box: 
is that they feared his lordship, instead of clearing: 
himself, would have covered himself with coijfusion if 
they had permitted him to give evidence. As matters 
stand there are the declarations of fourteen of his 
parishioners against his own respecting what he said 
about women of Parnellite sympathies. And unless 
he is prepared to go to the length of declaring that 
Parnellites are not to be believed, even upon their 
oaths, he must be prepared to find the weight of testi- 
mony in this as in other cases carrying the verdict.-— 
United Irduiid, 8th April, 1893. 



yOTES FROM IRELAND. 



lit 



A DIURNAL 

OP EVENTS RELATING TO IRELAND. 



April 6. — Parliament reassembled 
after the Easter recess. Petitions were 
presented against the Home Rule Bill hy 
Mr. T. \V. kussell, 25, from the Counties 
of Tyrone, Monaghan, Sligo, and Cavan ; 
by Mr. W. E. Macartney from Presby- 
terian congregations at Crumhn, Ran- 
dalstown, Muckamore, inhabitants of 
Dundrod polhng district, the minister 
and members of Second Presbyterian 
congregation at Randalstown, the 
minister and members of Presbyterian 
Church at Crumlin. Mr. Gladstone 
moved second reading of the Govern- 
ment of Ireland Bill. He ridiculed all 
opposition to it, argued that its pro- 
visions approached perfection, and that 
under an Irish Parliament everybody 
would be rich and happy. He spoke for 
about an hour and a half, but urged no 
new argument in favour of the Bill. Sir 
Michael Hicks-Beach moved the re- 
jection of the measure in an able speech. 
He pointed out many of the absurdities of 
the Government proposals, and showed 
that they could nut be made to work. 
In the course of the subsequent debate 
Mr. Macartney said that the Bill con- 
tained some clauses which might enable 
gentlemen who cared more for the 
shadow than for the substance to argue 
that it would maintain the supremacy of 
the Imperial Parliament. But in truth 
the safeguards thus provided were 
entirely illusory. No amendment of the 
Bill would satisfy him or the other 
Ulster members, because they believed 
that the Legislative Union was the only 
security for the prosperity of Ireland. 
Ulster did not desire separate treatment, 
but was determined to throw in her lot 
with the Unionists in Ireland generally. 
He denied that the safeguards provided 
by the Bill for the ri^;as of minorities in 
Ireland were of a substantial or effective 
character. Mr. Dunbar P. Barton was 
speaking at midnight when the debate 
was adjourned. 

— Meeting in Belfast in connection 
with the West Belfast Unionist Associa- 
tion, the Earl of Raniurly, chairman ; 
Mr. Arnold Forster, M.P., and Rev. R. J. 
Lynd, D.D., amongst the speakers. 

— Mr. Balfour remains at Carton, the 
Kildare seat of the Duke of Leinster, 
pending the demonstration in the Leinster 
Hall on Saturday evening. 

— Lord Randolph Churchill speaks 
against the Bill at Liverpool ; the Duke 
of Devonshire addresses a meeting at 
Bristol ; Mr. Goschen speaks at New- 
castle-on-Tyne. 

— Mass meeting of Unionist women 
in St. George's Hall, Belfast. The 
audience was a thoroughly representative 
one, and the proceedings throughout 
were characterised by enthusiasm and 
unanimity. Among those present were — 
The Lady Mayoress (Lady Dixon) »Tnd 
the Misses Di.xon ; Lady Ewart ar d M.ss 
Tod, secretaries of the meeting, .\(rs. 
Fawcett, representing English sympa- 



thisers ; Miss Curry, Lismore, represent- 
ing Southern Unionists; Miss M'Calmont, 
Mrs. Henderson and the Misses 
Henderson, Norwood Tower ; Miss 
Oulton, Miss Rose Johnson, Mrs. 
Blackley, Mrs. J. G. Richardson, Mrs. 
Riddel, Mrs. G. Clarke, Mrs. Kane, Mrs. 
John Lanyon, Mrs. Gotto, Mrs H. 
Thompson. Miss M'Cance. Mrs. Stack, 
Mrs. VV. J. Johnston, Mrs. Edwin 
Watson, Mrs. VV. B. Lytle and the Misses 
Lytle, Miss Bates, B.A. ; Miss May, Mrs. 
Anson, Misses Clarke, Mrs. Weir and 
Miss Weir, Mrs. Mosse and Miss Mosse, 
.yiss Montgomery, Mrs. T. A. Taylor 
and Miss Taylor, Mrs. Curley, Mrs. 
Gordon, Mrs. Todd Martin, Mrs. Seaver, 
Mrs. I'lckey, Mrs. Herbert Lanyon, Mrs. 
Adam DuHin, Mrs. C. C. Connor, Mrs. 
Claude Brownlow, &c. 

— "he sixth annual general meeting 
of the Freeman's Journal, limited, held. 
Mr. Sexton, MP., presiding, explained 
that last year's losses, amounting to 
jfi5,coo, included an exceptional loss of 
;f7,ooo for actions at law. and that the 
losses had commenced with the crisis pre- 
cipitated in December, 1S90, and con- 
tinued to the date of the directors' last 
report ; but while the loss upon the 
trading last year was /6,ooo in the first 
half of the year it was only .^300 in the 
second, and the circulation of the paper 
was increasing, as also the income from 
adver.isements. A committee was 
appointed to inquire into all affairs and 
concerns of the company, including the 
composition of the directorate, and to 
report to an adjourned meeting. 

7 — In the House of Commons the 
debate on the second reading of the 
Home Rule Bill was resumed by Mr. 
Dunbar Barton, Q.C., who discussed at 
length tbe various proposals of .the 
Government. Mr. James Stansfield 
replied on behalf of the Gladstonians. 
Mr. Broderick, Mr. Haldane, Mr. Lees, 
Mr. b. W, Forster, and Mr. H. Paul also 
spoke, and the House adjourned at mid- 
night. 

— This evening thirty petitions against 
the Home Rule Bill were forwarded from 
the Unionist Alliance Offices, tigned by 
upwards of 50,000, for presentation to 
Parliament. These included from districts 
of the following counties — County 
Antrim, signed by i,Soo; County Armagh, 
signed by 750 ; Carlow, signed by 2,558 ; 
County Cavan. signed by 4,778 ; County 
Clare, signed by 1,300 ; County Donegal, 
signsd by 4,300; North Dublin, signed 
by 4,000 ; County Fermanagh, signed by 
16,000 ; County Galway, signed by 3,300; 
County Kerry, signed by 2,300 ; County 
Kilkenny, signed by 2 165 ; County 
Longford, signed by 1,400 ; County 
Louth, signed by 1,311 ; and County 
Westmeath, signed by 2,300, together 
with fifteen officially signed petitions 
from County meetings. 

— The Unionist women of Monaghan 
held a mass meeting in the Town Hall, 
Monaghan, at which excellent speeches 



were delivered, and the customary 
resolutions were passed. Amongst those 
identified with the meeting were — The 
Dowager Lady Rossmore, Lady Ross- 
more, Lady Leslie. Miss Leslie, Miss O. 
Leslie, Mrs Stack, Knockballymore ; 
Mrs. Finlay, Clones ; Miss Murry Ker. 
Mrs. R. E. Bailie, Castleblayney ; Mrs. 
Hamilton, Cornacassa ; Miss Rose, Mrs. 
H. W. Jackson, Viiss Lloyd, Mrs. Hall, 
.Mrs. Wright, Mrs. O'Loughlin, the 
Misses Temple, Mrs. Tarleton, Miss 
Richardson, Mrs- F. Dunwoody, -Miss 
Smith, the Misses Watson, the Misses 
Summers, Mrs. Mitchell. Lisdoogan ; 
Miss Neurotsos, Miss Costello, Mrs. 
Condell, the Misses Condell, Mrs. Costello, 
Mrs. Fetherstonhaugh, Mrs. Finlay, Mrs. 
Fleming, Miss M'Curdy, Jliss Gordon, 
Vliss Scott, Mrs Greacen, Mrs. Joseph 
Gillespie, Mrs. James Martin, Mrs. 
Mayne. Numerous letters addressed 
to Lady Constance Leslie were read. 

— Dublin Gillette contains a schedule 
of 120 purchases of holdings under the 
Land Purchase Act of 1888. Of these 
81 are in the province of Ulster (in- 
cluding 67 on the Antrim estate of Sir 
Robert G. Harvey) and 39 in Munster, 
including 16 for substantial sums on the 
Cork estates of the Earl of Egmont and 
Lord Castletown. The Gazette also con- 
tains a schedule of 50 loans sanctioned 
under the Land Purchase Act of 1891 
and live refused. 

— Important meeting of Kildare 
Unionists at Athy— Sir A. C. Weldon 
in the chair. 

— Mr. Balfour arrived in Dublin from 
Carton as the guest of Lord Iveagh. 

— A large and enthusiastic meeting of 
the members of the Church of Ireland 
Young Men's christian Association was 
held in the Gregg Memorial Hall this 
evening, when resolutions were adopted 
expressing loyalty to the Throne, and 
protesting against the Home Rule Pill 
as a measure calculated to lead to the 
ruin of the country and the endangering 
of civil and religious liberty. Eloquent 
speeches were delivered by Mr. Paul 
Askin, J. P. (who presided), Sir Henry 
Lawrence, Part., Professor Dowden. 
Professor Fitzgerald, the Very Rev. the 
Dean of the Chapel Royal, and others. 

— Mr. Gladstone has written to the 
Londonderry Corporation, who requested 
a personal interview, for the purpose cl 
explaining their deep-rooted hostility tu 
the Home Rule Bill, stating that under 
existing circumstances his engagements 
will not allow him to receive a deputa- 
tion, which otherwise he would have 
been glad to meet. The right hon. 
gentleman concludes by asking the 
Corporation to forward him a written 
statement of their objections. 

8. — Under the caption of "A 
Fraudulent Farce" the Irish Catholic 
pu'olishes leading article abusive of the 
Belfast Street demonstration, and the 
reception given to Mr. Balfour. 



118 



KOTES FROM IRELAND. 



— Great Unionist demonstration re- 
presenting feeling in tlie Southern pro- 
vinces, in the Leinster Hall, Dublin. 
Speeches by Mr. John Jameson (chairman), 
Mr. A. ]. Balfour, Lord Emiy, Mr. Edwin 
Hall, T.P., Co. Cork ; Colonel Caniphell, 
T.P., C '. Sligo ; Mr. Alex. Nelson, J.P., 
Co. Waterfurd; Mr. C. E. Martin, Sir 
Robert Sexton, Mr. J. F. Bannatyne, U.L. 
At the close of the meeting there was an 
immense procession formed which escorted 
Mr. Balfour to Lord Iveagh's house in St. 
Stephen's Green. Among the 42 ad- 
dresses presented to Mr. Balfour were the 
following — From South Leilrim, signed 
by Lord Harlech as president ; from 
North Leitrini, signed by George F. 
Stuart, president, and Henry Cummings, 
secretary ; from Scotchmen and other 
memliers of the Presbyterian Church in 
County Wexford, signed by Ilev, William 
Arnold, M.A., minister, Alexau'^er Petti- 
grew, secretary, Enniscorthy, James Steen, 
minister, Francis Gilmore, secretary, 
Wexford, John Brown, minister, Arthur 
Fenton, secretary, Dungannon ; from 
Galway Branch Unionist Association, 
signed by the Honourable Luke Dillon, 
chairman, Sir H. Grattan Bellew, honorary 
secretary ; from Unionist Club of the 
County Clare ; from North Dublin 
Unionist Registration Association ; from 
South Dublin Loyalist Registration 
Association, signed by Ion Trant 
Hamilton ; from Dublin Chamber of 
Commerce, signed by Michael .Murphy, 
president, and John R. Wigham, honorary 
secretary ; from Unionists of West 
Waterford ; from Unionists of East 
Waterford ; from Unionists of County 
Mealh, signed by Headfort and Robert 
Fowler ; from Ossory Branch Irish 
Unionist Alliance, signed by Castletown, 
president, Robert Staples, John Thompson. 



the National Anthem was being sung. 
Lord Longford said he did not deny 
that he removed the reporter's hat. 
Very few people of his way of think- 
ing would stand by during the sirging 
of the National Anthem and not do the 
same. After a short consultation the Chair- 
an said the Bench were unanimously of 



10. — In the Southern Divisional 
Police Court a man named Henry Byrne, 
of Great Britain Street, was charged by 
Inspector Downey with having thrown 
stonts at Lord Iveagh's residence in 
Stephen's Green on Saturday night, while 
Mr. Balfour was addressing a large crowd 
of Loyalists from the balcony. One of 



opinion that the case should be dismissed, the stones thrown smashed a large window 
They regarded the action of any person | in Lord Iveagh's house, and after h's 



keeping on his hat while the National 
Anthem was being sung as disloyal to her 
Majesty, and it was only right such person 
should be called on to remove it. They 
would therefore dismiss it, without costs. 

— Annual meeting of the Rock of 
Cashel Habitation of the Primrose League 
held in the Courthouse, Dundrum, County 
Tipperary. Large number of tenant- 
farmers present. On the platform were — 
Lidy Clementina Maude, Ruling Chan- 
cellor, who presided ; Earl de Montalt, 
Lord Lieutenant of the County ; Lady 
Florence Maude, Miss Rowan, Tralee ; 
Miss Wilson, Major Tower, J. P. ; Cap- 
tain Austen Cooper, J. P., High Sheriff; 
Mr. E. C. Bayly, J. P., honorary secretary 
to the habitation ; Jir. R. Pcnnefather, 
J.P., treasurer; Mr. 1'. H. Massy, J.P. ; 
Mr. Mark C. Kussell, J.P. The pro- 
ceedings were of a most enthusiastic 
character. The election of officers firsi 
took place, those who acted last year being 
unanimously reappointed. Mr. E. C. 
Bayly submitted his report, which was of n 
very satisfactory character, and was ap- 
proved of by all present. 

— At a special court, at Ennis, under 
the Peace Preservation Act, at which 
Messrs. Hodder, R.M., and Jones, R.M,, 
presided, Michael Leo was charged with 
having two loaded revolvers in his 
possession without the necessary licence 



Robert M. Marsh, W. \V. iJespard, and It appeared that on the niglit of St 
Esther Thompson, honorary secretary ; i Patrick's Day the prisoner was met by the 



from Unionistsof County Kilkenny, signed 
by Ormonde ; from Cjrk Habitation ot 
the Primrose League, signed by Edwin 
Hall, J.P. ; fmin Fellows and Professors 
of T.C.D., signed by S. Salmon, Provost, 
and the Fellows, &c. Discussing the 
meeting, the /ns/j Times (loth inst.) thus 
writes ; — "The majesty of the spectacle of 
which Mr. Balfour was witness in the 
Leinster Hall on Saturday night must 
vastly have astonished that courageous 
friend of Ireland. Much as he has seen in 
Belfast, noble as was its pageant, brilliant 
as were its buildings beaming with 
occupants, massed as the Unionist populace 
were in its thoroughfares, matchless and 
unparalleled as that display stands upon 
the record, in Dublin the greeting pro- 
vided for the Imperial statesman was 
splendid and unique, and if in a different 
form was not less significant, impressive. 
or potential. To depict the assembly is 
to declare its paramount authority in Irish 
affairs." 

— Meetings on or about this date, 
against Home Rule, at Arklow, Avooa, 
Wicklow, several districts in Co. Long- 
ford, and at Banagher. 

— • At Mullingar Petty Sessions Court a 
charge amounting to assault was preferred 
against Lord Longford by Mr. P. Nally, 
reporter of the IVestmcatk Examiner. It 
appears that while attending a Unionist 
meeting in Mullingar the reporter felt his 
hat being removed from his head while 



police on patrol, who stopped and 
searched him, when the revolvers were 
found. The Bench imposed the maximum 
penalty of three months' imprisonment, at 
the expiration of which period he was re- 
quired to give bail or suffer a further term 
of imprisonment of six months. Same 
prisoner and five others were afterwards 
tried for being persons of evil fame, who 
were seen to assemble under circumstances 
which would tend to show that it was for 
purposes of committing crime and outrage. 
Mr. Dunning, D.I., asked to have them 
put under heavy rule of bail, and, in 
granting the application, Mr. Hodder com- 
mented at some length on the state of 
Clare, and the teriible picture presentfd 
by the existing condition of things. He 
fixed the bails at £20 in each, with two 
additional securities of £10 each. 

9. — Mr. Balfour left Dublin by 
the mail steamer Leinsttr for England. 
The right hon. gentleman drove to Kings- 
town from Lord Iveagh's residence. He 
was accompanied by Lord and Lady 
Iveagh. A large crowd of people as- 
sembled at the pier to wish Mr. Balfour 
bon voyage. Prolonged and hearty cheers 
were given, both at the arrival of Mr. 
Balfour and as the steamer departed, and 
the send-otf was most cordial. Several 
distinguished people travelled over by the 
same bnat, amongst them being Lord De 
Vesci, Lord Louth, Lord Arrar, and the 
Hon. Horace Plunkett, M.P, 



airest a number of stones were found in 
the prisoner's pockets. His worship fined 
the prisoner 40s., or in default one month's 
imprisonment and ordered that he should 
be bound over to keep the peace — himself 
in £10 and two sureties in £5 each, or to 
be imprisoned an additional month with 
hard labour. Mr. Byrne remarked that if 
the law empowered him he would inflict a 
more severe punishment, as the offence 
was a grave and serious one. 

— In the House of Commons the de- 
bate on the second reading of the Home 
Rule Bill was resumed by .Mr. Paul, during 
whose speech Mr. Balfour entered the 
House, and was very warmly received. 
Mr. Chamberlain was the first speaker 
against the Bill, and he deivered a very 
powerful reply to the speech of the 
Premier in moving the second reading. 
.Vlr. Justin M'Carlhy followed. He did 
not commit his party very strongly to an 
approval of the Bill. The Hon. David 
Plunket criticised the Bill in some detail, 
and showed that it was intended to ex- 
tinguish all representation of Unionists in 
three provinces of Ireland. He concluded 
a very eloquent speech by appealing to all 
Irishmen to support that true patriotism 
which considered that Ireland would best 
advance its interests by continuing a part 
nf the great British Empire. Mr. Wm. 
Redmond, who followed, said he would 
not support the third reading unless some 
amendments are made in committee. Mr. 
Arnold Forster said he desired to place 
before the House the view taken of the 
Bill by the industrial and mercantile 
"lasses of Ulster, and to protest against 
the obloquy and studied contempt with 
which the people of that province had 
been treated by the Prime Minister, the 
Chancellor of the Duchy, and other 
members of the Government. The loyalty 
of Ulster could be crushed and destroyed, 
but it would be no easy matter afterwards 
to revive it. The other speakers were Sir 
George Trevelyan and Sir E. Ashmead- 
Bartlctt. The latter was speaking when 
the debate was adjourned. 

— The Lord Mayor of Belfast received 
a letter from Mr. Balfour in reference to 
his recent visit to the city. Mr. Balfour 
writes: — " I shall ever regard the 4'.h of 
April as the anniversary of the greatest 
and most erithusiastic gathering which it 
has yet been my privilege to witness." Mr. 
Balfour also writes to Mr. Ion Trant 
Hamilton with reference to the' Dublin 
demonstration of Saturday. 

— A meeting of Unionist ladies was 
held in Ballymena to protest against the 
Home Rule Bill. The Dowager Lady 
O'Neill presided. 

— The Duke of Abercorn addressed a 
Unionist meeting in Newtownstewart. 

— At a great meeting of Nonconformist 
Unionists, held in Chester, letters were 
read from the Marquis of Salisbury, the 
Duke of Devonshire, and Mr. Chamberlain. 



NOTES FROM IllELAM). 



— Fifth Schedule of Home Rule Bill 
issued. Also amendments proposed to be 
made with respect to the Civil servants. 

— At a meeting of the Dublin Town 
Council urgent business w,is pleaded for a 
petition to Parliaiufnt in favour of the 
principle of the Home Ru'e Bill, but 
mainly affectirg the financial clauses, to 
be presented by the Lord Mayor and as 
many of the Cjuncil as would go in state 
to Westminster. The inotion was strongly 
resisted by the Unionist members of ihe 
Corporation, but it was carried by 45 votes 
to 10. 

— More disturbances at Bodyke. A 
force of about 40 police stoned v» hile pro- 
tecting a party of bailiffs who made 
seizjres. Shots were also Hred by people 
on the hills. 

— Mr. H. Matthews, M.P., speaking 
at a meeting agiinst Home Rule, held at 
Kensington, said tliat although the 
measure did not make Ireland a nation, it 
would give the Legislature enormous 



powers for mischief. One of their first 
acts would be to repeal criminal law, and 
grant u.iiversal amnesty, as they were 
taught by Air. Morley the mercy of the 
Cruwn was a qutstion of polii.-y. He con- 
tended that the safeguards of the Bill were 
laughable, and that the financial and other 
proposals were impracticable. England, if 
It deserted the Loyalist,':, would be guilty 
of the basest and most cowardly betrayal. 

— Mr. T. W. Russell, M.P., informs a 
Central News representative that while 
he is unable to speak of the armed 
drilling which is alleged is going on in 
the North of Ireland, he can pledge him- 
self to this, that every house in South 
Tyrone is armed. The Orangemen in 
the North of Ireland, in fact, are all 
armed, and trained to the use of arms. 

— James M'KevItt, who was sentenced 
at Liverpool Assizes in July. 1S81, for 
being concerned in an attempt to b ow 
up the Liverpool Town Hall, has been 
released from Poitland Prison. M'Grath. 
who was the principal conspirator, was 



sentenced to penal servitude for life. 
M'Kevitt's sentence was fifteen years, 
but having earned the usual good con- 
duct reward whilst in jail he is dis- 
charged after twelve years' imprison- 
ment. 

— Meeting of men of the Kilkenny 
City and County Constabulary Force held 
at John Street Police Station, for the 
purpose of considering Schedule 6 of the 
Government of Ireland Bill, dealing 
with the question of service, pay. and 
pensions, of the members of the Con- 
stabu'ary. Two delegates from the 
various districts in the county were 
present. Several of the men pointed out 
the disadvantages under which they 
wou'd be p'aced in the event of the 
measure becoming law in its present 
state. It would, they said, in many in- 
stances reduce their incomes by half, and 
the matter of ten years being added to 
their service, as proposed, would be 
practically no advantage from a financial 
point of view. A series of resolutions 
were passed. 



A NATIONALIST CRITIC ON ARCH- 
BISHOP WALSH. 



"UNITED IRELAND" SPEAKS OUT. 
A MEETING of the Independents of Jordanstown, 
Ballinskea, and Enfield was held at Ballinskea on 
Thursday night last, the 30th ult , for the purpose of 
reorganising the National League. Mr. Pat O'Brien, 
who was engaged holding a meeting in Longwood, 
arrived about nine o'clock, and was loudly cheered. 
Mr. O'Brien said he supposed they had been taking 
notes of the " day by day " performances of the Whig 
body-snatchers over the corpse of the late and un- 
lamented Fallen Journal. His Grace the Archbishop, 
modest man though he be, must feel not a little proud 
that he has been able to set up and knock down again 
" the man in the gap " within the short space of a 
year, and that he can make Boards and throw them 
overboard at pleasure, and regardless of costs to the 
confiding fools, the shareholders. The truce will be 
of brief duration, only sufficient to allow the com- 
batants to equip themselves with ammunition for a 
fresh and more deadly tussle. If Tim fails to carry a 
Bantry Board on Thursday ne.xt he need only bide 
his time, and use his opportunities as a free lance, and 
he will have another burst up before many months, 
and he may be again called to Drumcondra to assi.st 
his Grace to form yet another Hoard, provided that in 
the meantime the Irish Prisons' Board has not got 
charge of the whole crowd, and provided each with a 
separate and furnished apartment in ^Mounljoy convic; 
prison. They, the Independents, were only concerned 
in noticing the disgraceful exhibitions of those would- 
be leaders, because they saw that well-deserved 
retribution had overtaken themselves and their journals 



for their base betrayal of Parnell and Ireland. Another 
consideration suggested to all thinking Irish IS/atiOn 
alists is, if these lorctched poltroons fight so bitterly 
aver the little swag and influence to be got out of the 
Fallen Journals, what niiglit not be expected if they 
had the control of an Irish National Exchequer ? If it 
is admitted that those men have a rijht to call in 
Archbishop Walsh to select a board of directors for a 
company without consulting the shareholders, it. should 
folloiv that they would feel entitled to place the 
selection of an Irish Ministry in the hands of his 
Grace also, regardless of the opinions of the Irish 
people. To save Ireland from such a misfortune as 
being ruled by such incompetents and their clerical 
masters, they 'must set up the National League to 
create and foster independent public opinion in Ire- 
land, and they must give the widest possible circula- 
tion to honest independent journals. 1 he enrolment 
of members then took place, and fifty names having 
been entered, the election of oflicers proceeded. — 
United Iidam/, 8th April, 1893. 



CAN BISHOP NULTY EXPLAIN? 



Sir, — The Droghcda Conservative of April 8th 
reports that at the Navan Petty Sessions, held on the 
5th instant, a man named John Katie was charged with 
having been drunk and disorderly. The defendant 
produced a paper showing that he had taken the 
pledge that morning. He was asked why be had not 
got the pledge from his own clergy, and he replied : — 
" Because they would not give it to me on account of 
the elections." If that statement be correct there 
would seem to be a system of clerical persecution still 
carried on by the priests in the County Meath. 
Yours, &c., 

George W. Ruxton. 

Dublin, loth April, 1893. 



]20 irOTES FBOM IRELAND. 



A TRIANGULAR VIEW OP HOME RULE. 

AS SEEN IN THREE COMMUNICATIONS TO THE BELFAST NEWS-LETTER OF I2TH APRIL, 1893. 



A BELFAST SCOTCHMANS A FOKETASTE OF THE GOOD MR. GLADSTONE AND ULSTER 

TIMES COMING OPINION. 

OPINION. iiiVil.S lUJliiMbr. 

TO THE EDITOR OF THE BELFAST NEWS- 

TO THE EDITOR OF THE BELFAST NEWS- LETTER. 

TO THE EDITOR OF THE BELFAST NEWS- LETTEU. SiR,—Allow me to call attention to two 

LETTER. Sir,— It will be in the recollection of points raised by Mr. Gladstone in his dis- 

„ „ „ . . ' , , .. c 1 ti t f^, .,i:„„i Tnm.o courteous interview with the intelligent and 

SlR,-The followmg ,s a copy of a letter many of your readers that Cardinal Logue, , „t^tivedeputationthat latelyshowed 

sent by a Belfast hrm to a large nianu- on his return from Rome, visited his parish 1^;,^^ ji^g disastrous effects Home hule 

facturer in Scotland, which probably you ^f Dundalk. If I mistake not, he uttered wou'd bring'upon our land. The Premier, 

wdl consider worthy of a corner in your ^^^ beautiful sentiments, not altogether as you will remember, made a querulous 

P^P^'' • I,- i ■ I u 1 .. ~,-n-™ „« dem.xnd for documents proving historical 

histonca' perhaps, but no matter, on . , j tt . n » c ..u 

_.„^, ., „ ,., jealousy towards Ulster on the part of the 

Dear Sirs,-! have returned your the love which the Pope and all his sub- '.-est of Ire and. Now, though an axiomatic 

samples of tweed per Glasgow boat to- -^^ y^^^ ^^^ ^^ Protestants. He will, no truth requires no proof, we might refer this 

night, and in doing so I regret to say I surprised to learn that his co- si>i<^ere inquirer after truth to the deep- 

cannot meantime place any orders <'o"'^«. ^^ surprised to earn nis ^ ^ ^^ ^^^ ^^^^^ ^.^^^ ^j^^ 

religionists were even then preparing an ., ', . ■' jv ■ 1 f 1 »i, 

Thp iinapH-lpH crmrlit-inTi nf TrplnnH with ... evidenced by an editorial article m the 

Ihe unsettled condition ot Ireland, with muatration in refutation of his sentiments, /rish (1V/r/ for February 13th 1888 I 

the prospects of very serious trouble over . ^nni. iiomu lui j-cuiuttij. -"J^". J-oou. -i 

this wretched Home Rule Bill, is a I' seems, sir, that an unfortunate journey- append a few quotations which may be 

sufficient reason for coming to this decision, man baker, a Protestant and an Orange- found, among others, in an a,ble publication 

... J J i 1. ■ i\ entit'ed " The A B U of the Irish Ques- 

V, , . man, had been ordered to mirch in the . ■ „ ,. , ■„„ ,,„ „i„„f;„„ „„„!,„ „( +i,„ 

I have now been over twenty-four years . ,,.,,„ ,. „ , 'i°°' being the election number of the 

in Ireland, and up till 1886 was one of Mr. Procession behind the Roman cardinal, and L,i„ral Uaiomsl .- 

Gladstone's warmest admirers, and so great very naturally refused. 1 oercion w.as " I was niuch impressed by an article by 

was my attachment to him in consequence applied in the form of a threat of dismissal, J°''" ^- Finerty, m which he had the 

of the many useful acts he has succeeded but in vain, and then the threat was jisdom and courage to declare that the 

in passing for the good of these countries , - . . ,■ , , destruction of the Imen industry of Belfast 

that, if this Home Rule Bill was thrown executed. In justice to the man s employer, ,^3,3 a matter that Irish Nationalists had 

overboard, very probably I should be dis- it must be said that after a week or ten no cause to deplore." 

posed to again give him my allegiance. days he took him b.ick again, but in a letter Again— "The linen lords are all anti- 

, ■ , -r , , , ^, , , ., • Irish. They are opijonents of Home Rule 

The Belfast Scotch are almost to a man ^'"<=1^ ^ "^^^ ^™" "'"^ man s clergyman this ^^^ ^j the prospinty of the rest of the 

against the Bill, and on Tuesday last 1,8 lO morning he tells us— "He went to work country." "By boycotting flax growing 

of them took part in the great Unionist on Sunday evening last, but it was made the people of Ireland can ruin Belfast." 

procession. Now, sir, surely the Belfast ,,„ ^^^ j^^ ^ad to leave on Monday. The Further-" Belfast is a little Orange^ 

Scotch are quite .as able to judge as to the ,., ,,. ,. , , ... den, where they combine against the peace 

results of the passing of this Home Rule "^'"^ "^'^'^ "^ "^'^ '^''^ '^'^ refusal to join m ^^j prosperity of Ireland. Every Irish 

measure as their countrymen in Scotland ; the Roman Catholic procession in honour attack on England should include Belfast." 

in fact, it is only natural to suppose that of the cardinal." The Irish World is the paper Mr. 

they should (and. I affirm, do) know the . 1. 1 1 i > Parnell commended for its advocacy of 

Irish question infinitely better. However, Now. sir, the man has lost three weeks Nationali-st views and the financial sup- 

all through this momentous struggle no pay, has a sick child and wife and family port it brought to the cause of the 

sympathy, no support, has been offered or to support. I am informed by his clergy- Nationalist party, in the following "special 

given by the Gladstonian Scotch to their ,„a„ that he is a pledged teetotaler, and a ^Jof " ^"^u" ;=ditor, dated .January 26 

fellow-countrymen here. Blinded by a . .1 n ■ ■ 11 1881: — " Thanks to the irjsA Wurld and 

glamour of selfish party spirit thrown over 'l"'et and respectable man. He originally ;jg readers for their constant co-operation 

them by the evil genius of her gi-eat chief- came, I believe, from Enniskillen, and and substantial support in our great cause, 

tain, they are evidently forgetful of all consequently has the satisfaction of finding Let them have no fear of its ultimata 

pa^t history and their obligations to the himself a str.anger in a strange place, with «"?«f^-" ^ . , , ,,• , t • u * 
Irish Presbyterians, and to the very exist- a r ^ pi^g se;ond point to which I wish to 

ence of the Protestant faith of the land. the means of earning a living taken from refer illustrates the '■ O d Chameleon's " 

him, and all because he refused to march favourite mode of meeting argument. In 

When one is deserted by their own flesh j„ ^^^ j^;i ^j ^^ jj^jj^^ proce,ssion in reply to several gentlemen, who indicated 

and blood, and looked upon with contempt .^^^^^ „, ., ■■. , „„ ,. „ ,-,■. their freedom from prejudice and political 

for having found it necessary to become a ^°'^°'" °^ the minister of an alien faith, ^^^^ ^^ ^^^^.^^^ ^^^^ J^.^ ^^^ ^^^^ ,^.^ 

Liberal Unionist, as the writer uufortun- which his conscience utterly repudiates. ardent supporters untU he embarked on 

ately experienced in a recent visit to his jj ^^.^^^ ;„ ^^i^j i^ to ask through the fatal enterprise of Home Rule. Mr. 

native place. It IS almost beyond endur.ince, ^ ,' = ' Gladstone made the utterly irrelevant 

and this, taken in conjunction with one's yo"r «"■""'"« (1) f°'' «'™-k for this man, reply, that they were then very unfortun- 

Irish friends almost crying out in despair at and (2) for such temporary help as may ate, unable to return a single Iri.sh Liberal 

the unjust and unchristian conduct of the enable him successfully to tide over his member. This reply shows that he is 

Scotch people, has. indeed, made the p<ast ^resent misfortune now, as ever, regard'ess of the claims of 

few years rather a dark p;ige in my history. ^' ' minorities, and is only open to the argu- 

I do sincerely hope that there h ^O"'"^ '' "°' ^^ possible, sir, to open a ment of force, whether displayed by Irish 

brighter days in store for us aira^Td'^that ''^SiBter through which cases of persecution Nationalists or foreign foes of Eng'and 

soon -very soon-Scotland miy become '^"d oppression such as this might be met l<o™er y '' a man was famous accordmg 

i_„_ ,.„ ;i " ,t I t 1 c ■ iu J ,) cj 11 • r ii .. • as he had lifted up axes upon the thick 

true to Itself, and stand hrm m the cause and overcome ? Something of the sort is . .. , * n 1 1 1 u i 

^f f,.„n, „„.! „■ ut J n 1 ■ 1 • trees, but now they break down the carved 

01 truth and right, and thereby m.aintain npprlprl for if thpv Hn tl.psp tliin.T« in flip 1 iu r •. -n j 

;*o „,.„„j „ii u-t • t ;■ r ^1 "seaea, lor 11 they cio these things m tne work thereof at once with a.xes and 

Its grand old historic reputation of the ^ i ^ -i, ,, j ■ ^, j , 1 t » u j i. 

■ past —Yours trulv green tree, what will they do m the dry ? hammers. Let us hope and pray it may 

' ■'' Truly yours never be said, "They have burned up all 

A PnEsr.YTERiAN SCOTCHMAN. ' ^^ LooKETT FoRD. the synagogues of God in the land."- 

Yours sincerely, 

■Belfast, 1 1th April. Bessbrook Rectory, April 7. Rule Bbitannia. 

Pulilished by the Irish Unionist Ailiancs, a', their Dublin Offices, 109 Grafton Street, and London Offices, 26 Palace Chambers, Westminsier, S. W. 



NOTES FROM IRELAND 

*^* A Record of the sayings and doings of the Home Rule Parties in the furtherance of their " Separatist" Policy 
for Ireland ; and of facts connected with the country. For the information of the Imperial Parliament^ the Press, 

and the Public generally. 



No. 16. — Vol. 1. — New Series. 



.'2nd APRIL, 1893. 



Price Id. 



Cotttenta. page 

The Land Market— The Recent Shootis-g Affray 
NEAR Oastleisland — Serious Affray at 
Castleisland — Under Mr. Morley's Rclb ... 121 

Mr. Gladstone and the Belfast Commercial Depu- 
tation — How Lord Ashbourne's and the Land 
Purchase Acts Work — A Broken Nose ... 122 

The Paris Funds —I 'ardinal Logde on Education 

— Alleged Arson 123 

E.Mi'>RATioN from Ireland in 1892 — A Large 
Order — The Present Paymasters of the 
Irish Parliamentary Party 124 

A Diurnal 125 

The Roman Catholic Anti-Home Kui.e Petition — 
" Muscular Christianity " — Housebreaking 
NEAR Castleisland 127 

Cardinal Logue and Roman Catholic Laymen — 
Hard Lines — Wanton Outrage — Malicious 
Injury .. 128 



THE LAND MARKET. 



Value of Land in Kerry. — On Wednesday last, 
the isth instant, ^fr. William Martin, auctioneer, Kil- 
larney, put up for sale in the Court-house, Kenmare, by 
order of the Vice-Chancellor, the farm held by the 
late Richard Maybury, solicitor. The valuation is 
;^44 I OS. and the rent p^43, yearly tenancy under 
Lord Lansdowne. After very spirited bidding, which 
began at ;!^ioo, owing to the great business tact and 
ability displayed by the auctioneer, it was finally 
knocked down to Wm. 1 rant M'Carthy, Esq., 
solicitor, in trust, for;!^7 15. Messrs. F. C. Downing and 
Son had carriage of sale. — Kerry Evening Post, 1 Sth 
March, 1893. 



THE RECENT SHOOTING AFFRAY 
NEAR CASTLEISLAND. 



Mr. Murphy, the school teacher who was recently 
fired at near Killeentierna, is still under police pro- 
tection, and his school is yet partially boycotted. — 
Kerry Evening Post, ist April, 1893. 



SERIOUS AFFRAY AT CASTLE- 
ISLAND. 



Arising out of a dispute about a labourer's cottage an 
affray of a serious nature occurred at Castleisland on 
Good Friday night. Four men were so seriously in- 
jured that they had to be detained in Castleisland 
hospital. — Kerry Evening Post, ist April, 1S93, 



UNDER MR. MORLEY'S RULE. 



MORE MOONLIGHTING. 

Limerick, Sunday. 

A telegram received in Limerick by the police 
states that at an early hour yesterday morning a gang 
of seven armed and disguised moonlighters visited the 
house of a small farmer named Quirke, residing be- 
tween Newcastle West and Abbeyfeale, in the west of 
Limerick. When the family had retired to rest sliots 
were fired through one of the windows of the house, 
and the premises subsequently forcibly entered. 
Quirke is stated to have been wounded, but not 
seriously, by the discharge of firearms, but a further 
report in a Limerick paper alleges that after the 
visitors had got into the house they beat and be- 
laboured Quirke in such a manner that his life is de- 
spaired of. Not content with their treatment of the 
old man, the same authority states they ne.xt visited 
the house of Quirke's son and shot him in the leg, the 
wound being likely to prove fatal. The only motive 
assigned for the outrage is that Quirke, senior, pur- 
chased some land at an auction the previous day, and 
which proceeding on his part seems to have instigated 
the moonlighters to their murderous action. Up to 
last night no arrests had been made by the con- 
stabulary. 

[Later.] 

Further particulars, but still of a meagre character, 
were received late to-night of the moonlight outrage 
near Newcastle West. Early on Saturday morning 
the moonlighters, it is stated, secreted themselves in 
an outhouse on Quirke's farm at 13arnagh, some three 
miles from Newcastle West, and when the son entered 
the premises from the dwelling-house to look after 
some animals and returned, he was followed by the 
moonlighters in ambush and shot in the leg, one of 
the gang clubbing the father with the stock of the gun 
until he was left insensible. Both the wounded men 
are reported to be in a precarious state, but the police 
have obtained an important clue to the alleged 
offenders, and arrests are momentarily expected if 
they have not been made by this time. The Divisional 
Commissioner, Mr. Heard, is reported to be with 
County Inspector Moriarty and other officials engaged 
in the investigation which, it is expected, may lead to 
the breaking up of the gang of moonlighters who infest 
the district. A later report confirms the intelligence 
of the serious condition of the two men, adding that a 
second son of Quirke's has also been wounded, but 
not seriously. — Irish Times, 17th April, 1893. 



188 



yoTi:s rnoM ii{^:laxv. 



MR. GLADSTONE AFD THE 
BELFAST COMMERCIAL DEPUTA- 
TION. 



IMPORTANT LETTER FROM MR. LECKY. 
Mr. Gladstone has received the written repl}- 
which he requested from the Belfast Deputation, 
whose opposition to Home Rule he so severely 
criticised on the occasion of their visit to Down- 
ing Street. The reply has gone to him in the 
name of the Belfast Chamber of Commerce, and 
concludes as follows : — " We think we have met 
fairly by actual statement of fact, by figures, 
and by authoritative quotations, everything you 
urged against our report. We are not shaken 
in our views ; we still see nothing to expect 
from this Bill but confusion and disaster. We 
are bound to warn you that its enactment would 
be but the beginning of a new struggle, and of 
the break-up of social order, which no force in 
this country could control, and the end of which 
no man can foresee." As an appendix to the 
reply there is printed the following important 
letter (rom Mr. Lecky to the President of the 
Chamber of Commerce, dealing with the pros- 
perity of Ireland under Grattan's Parliament, 
and with Mr. Gladstone's incorrect reading of 
history in that connection and in other ways : — 

38 Onslow Gardens, London, S.W., 
4th April, 1893. 
Dear Sip, — The fallacy underlying Mr. Gladstone's 
appeal to the prosperity of Ireland under Grattan's 
Parliament has been so frequently exposed that I can 
only wonder at its repetition. That Parliament was 
an exclusively Protestant body, drawn from much the 
same classes as the present Grand Juries. It repre- 
sented in the highest degree the property, loyalty, and 
great industrial interests of the country, and under its 
guidance all these things were sedulously fostered and 
protected. The Parliament Air. Gladstone proposes 
to set up would be in violent hostility to the richest 
and most industrious portion of the community. It is 
regarded with horror by nearly every man who is a 
leader of industry in Ireland. All the great names in 
Irish finance, manufacture, and trade are against it. 
The whole of the propertied classes in Ireland, as Mr. 
Gladstone now admits, are opposed to it, and the men 
who would undoubtedly lead it are the men whom 
Mr. Gladstone not long ago described with great 
justice as preaching the doctrine of "public plunder." 
The chief work, indeed, of the proposed Parliament 
would probably be to rob the very class of which 
Grattan's Parliament mainly consisted. It is true that 
the credit of Grattan's Parliament was very good, 
because it was essentially the Parliament of the pro- 
pertied classes, and because there was no possible 
reason to believe that it would repudiate its debts. 
Is it reasonable to argue that a similar credit would be 
enjoyed by a Parliament directed by men whose whole 
political position is founded on systematic and violent 
repudiation of contracts ? Are landlords the only class 
of men who can be plundered ? Is it probable that 
the insurrection against debts, which has been steadily 



preaclied in Ireland during the last few years, should 
be confined to a single sphere ? The rapid fall of all 
the chief Irish securities since Mr. Gladstone's scheme 
was propounded, and the steady drain of capital 
which Is impoverishing the country, sufficiently show 
that in the eye of the practical business man complete 
financial ruin would be its inevitable consequence. It 
is true that Dubhn was greatly benefited by the resi- 
dence in the last century of nearly every member of 
the Irish aristocracy and of the great untitled land- 
lords who sat in the Irish Commons. Is its aspect 
likely to be materially strengthened by the more con- 
tinued residence of Messrs. Healy, O'Brien, and their 
colleagues ? The assertion that the Irish Cathohcs 
have never shown any jealousy of Irish Protestants 
is of a kind which I find It difficult to characterise with 
proper moderation. Jealousy, unhappily, is far too 
feeble a word to describe adequately the fierce reci- 
procal animosity which has dislocated Ii eland for 
centuries. It blazed into a furious flame in the 
religious wars of EHzabeth, in the great rebellion of 
1642, in the Jacobite struggle of 1689, In the religious 
war into which the rebellion of 1798 speedily degene- 
rated. These facts are about as conspicuous in the 
history of Ireland as Magna Charta and the Common- 
wealth in tlie history of England. To attribute, as 
Mr. Gladstone does, the whole blame to one side, is 
simply to falsify grossly the truth of history. Happily 
for some years the hostility between the two creeds 
has been greatly subsiding, and a large number of 
Irish Catholics are among the most conspicuous and 
fervent supporters of the Union. No one who knows 
Ireland will deny that the policy of Mr. Gladstone 
has contributed more than any other single cause to 
revive and deepen the divisions which every good 
Irishman deplores. — Yours faithfully, 
(Signed), 

W. E. H. Lecky. 
The President Belfast Chamber of Commerce. 

HOW LORD ASHBOURNE'S AND THE 
LAND PURCHASE ACTS WORK. 



TiMic and again in our leading articles we have pointed 
out the advantages which the Land Purchase Ireland 
Act places within reach of the farmer, and time and 
again we have urged him to take advantage of it. 
Here is a story told us by an old farmer a day or two 
ago, who embraced his opportunity ; — "I am a tenant 
on the Verner estate. My old rent was ^40. This 
was reduced by the Land Commission to ;^2 3 6s. 
rod. I, with other tenants, bought out at seventeen 
years' purchase of the judicial rent under the Land 
Purchase Act. By doing so my judicial rent payable 
for ever was converted into an annual payment of 
^16 6s., and this payment ceases at the end of 49 
years, when I will sit rent free for ever." — Tyrone 
Constitution, 14th April, 1893. 



A BROKEN NOSE. 



During a row at Killorglin a few days ago in a 
public-house, a man named Healy struck a- man named 
Casey with a pewter pint and broke his nose — Kerry 
Evening Post, 8th April, 1893. 



NOTES fROM IRELAND. 



123 



THE PARIS FUNDS. 



THE LATEST STATEMENT OF THE CASE. 

(From the Irish Catholic, 15th April, 1893.) 

" The statement recently publicly made by Mr. 
Sexton, M.P., that a settlement had been arrived at in 
the matter of the legal proceedings connected with the 
Paris Funds has naturally had tlie effect of arousing 
considerable inquiry as to the nature of the compro- 
mise which has been agreed upon. Knowing tlie 
extent of the public interest in the matter, we have 
been at some pains in collecting information of a 
reliable character, and we believe that we are now in 
a position to place the country in possession of a 
substantially accurate description of what has taken 
place. . . . The total amount of the Paris Funds 
has been variously stated at from /"35,ooo to ^42,000, 
but we believe that the truth is that by various with- 
drawals the net b; lance remaining in the hands of the 
bankers had been reduced to a sum not far in excess of 
the former figure. Assuming, therefore, that ^^35,000 
still remained in Paris, it is clear that the liberation of 
_;^2o,ooo for the use of the tenants would leave the 
sum of ^15,000 still to be disposed of. If we are 
correctly informed, the major portion of this balance 
is, under the terms of compromise, to be applied to 
discharging certain liabilities for which the estate of 
the late Mr. Parnell, jointly with certain leading 
members of the Parnellite Party, was or is responsible, 
as well as in payment of a considerable account, 
amounting to between ^2,000 and ^3,000, due to 
the Right Hon. Alderman Meade. \Ve understand 
that it is alleged, in justification of this arrangement, 
that all the liabilities referred to were incurred before 
the disavowal of their election pledges by Mr. Parnell 
and his followers, and their consequent expulsion 
from the Irish Party. It would seem, however, to 
have been not only a mistaken, but a decidedly 
curious business policy, to create such liabilities while 
a sum then amounting to at least ^42,000 lay un- 
touched in Paris ; while certainly if Mr. I'arnell and 
his colleagues remembered the existence of these 
obligations at the time of their revolt or afterwards, 
the money which was devoted to election contests in 
Kilkenny, in Sligo, in Carlow, and again during the last 
General Election, might very much better have been 
applied to their discharge. It will be obvious that it 
is fairly arguable that to discharge for Parnellites 
liabilities which they had had the means of discharging, 
but which they deliberately refrained from clearing off 
in order that their resources might be applied to the 
promotion of faction, is in practice to bestow a pre- 
mium on political treachery. Again, noted though he 
be for his personal liberality of expenditure, it may be 
doubted whether the Right Hon. Alderman Meade 
would have subscribed the ;£,5oo he promised upon 
Saturday last in support of the Parnellite newspaper if 
his own claim just described was not likely to be dis- 
charged out of the Paris Funds. Such considerations 
as these have been, we understand, warmly debated 
in inliuential political quarters, with the result that at 
least some of the counsel who were employed in the 
conduct of the case, which was to have been decided 
in the Paris courts, and who avowed confidence that 
•the entire of the ;^42,ooo would be recovered by such 



proceedings, refused to assist in carrying out the com- 
promise the details of which we have now sketched, 
and, therefore, returned their briefs. The net result 
of the arrangement which has been so long under con- 
sideration would seem likely to be — should it ever 
come into effective operation — that ;^20,ooo would 
be available for the support of the Evicted Tenants, 
while from ^14,000 to ^^15,000 would be appHed to 
the discharge of Parnellite liabilities. We should, 
perhaps, say that we give the details now set out with 
entire confidence in their substantial accuracy, although 
the secrecy maintained on the subject by the parties 
principally concerned in working out the compromise 
in question has rendered the work of collecting 
information particularly difficult." 



CARDINAL LOGUB ON EDUCATION. 



THE NEW CARDINAL'S OPINION OF THE 
QUEEN'S COLLEGE AND THE UNIVERSITY 
OF DUBLIN. 

Speaking at Belfast on Sunday, and replying 
to an address from the professors and students 
of St. Malachy's College, Cardinal Logue is thus 
reported in the Freeman's Journal : — 

" Of course they will tell you that you have the 
same opportunities that others have — you have the 
Queen's College and the Dublin University to go to; 
you can enter those institutions and secure for your- 
selves a liberal education ; but they conceal the fact 
that if you do so, you do so at the sacrifice of some- 
thing even more precious than knowledge or any other 
concern in this life — you do so at the risk of losing 
that fervent faith and ardent piety for which the youth 
of Ireland is so distinguished, and which is one of its 
chief claims to respect and to esteem, and to the love 
of the people amongst whom you live. If you enter 
these institutions for the sake of some mere temporal 
gain, and thereby lose that which is f;ir more precious 
than any temporal concern, you would be acting a 
very foolish part. Of course this is the sacrifice you 
must make if you enter one of these godless colleges 
or Protestant schools for the purpose of receiving 
education." — Freeman s J uuriial, 17th April, 1893. 

The foregoing is interesting and instructive, as 
showing the opinion of Protestant establishments 
of learning entertained by the highest dignitary 
of the Roman Catholic Church in Ireland. 
Under such clerical rule would " godless colleges 
or Protestant schools " be allowed to exist ? 
And if so, for how long ? 



ALLEGED ARSON. 



A FEW days ago the house of a farmer named Patrick 
Flynn, of Kilnanare, near Killarney, together with a 
lot of furniture and a quantity of potatoes, was burned. 
Flynn states that the burning could not be accidental, 
inasmuch as when the fire was first discovered the 
thatch on the roof was found lighting in three different 
places. A claim for ^80 compensation has been 
lodged. — Kerry Evcninxj Post^ 12th April, 1893. 



124 



yoTES FitOM IttELAND. 



EMIGRATION FROM IRELAND IN 
1892. 



The annual report, giving the emigration statistics of 
Ireland for 1893, has been laid on the table of the House 
of Commons. The Registrar-General repoits that the 
number of emigrants who left Irish ports in 1892 was 
51,000, a decrease of 8,868 as compared with 1891, the 
number of males being 25,571, or 4,638 less than in the 
previous year, and the number of females 25,429, being a 
decrease of 4,230. Of these 51,000 emigrants who left 
the country last year 50,867 were natives of Ireland, and 
133 were persons belonging to other countries. Con- 
tinuing his analysis, the Registrar-General states that of 
50,867 persons— natives of Ireland— who emigrated in 
1892, 7,148, or 6 per cent, per 1,000 of the population ol 
the province in 1891 were from Leinstsr ; 20,050 or 171 
per i,ooQ from Munster, 11,465 or 71 per 1,000 from 
Ulster, and 12,204 or i6-8 per 1,000 from Connaught— 
the total number being equal to 108 per 1,000 of the 
population of Ireland in iSgi. Comparing 1892 with 
1891, Leinster exhibits a decrease of 2,128, Munster a 
decrease of 4,628, LUster a decrease of 1,799, a"d Con- 
naught a decrease of 201 emigrants. Turning to the 
tables which give the statistics of general emigration 
from Ireland, it is seen that the total number of emigrants 
—natives of Ireland— who left Irish ports from the ist of 
May, 1S51, the date at which the collection of the official 
returns began, to the 31st December, 1892, is 3,518,383, 
this total being made up of 1,857,315 males and 1,661,068 
females. The smallest number of persons who left the 
country in any one year appears to have been in 1876, 
when 37.587 people emigiated. The numbers given for 
the intervening years between 185 1 and last year fluctuate 
between 190,322 in 1852 and the number just given for 
1876. As to the ages of those who emigrated last year, 
we are told that 83'2 per cent, of them were between the 
ages of 15 and 35 years, the percentage over that age 
being 77, and of children under 15 years 91. Of the 
25,571 males who left last year, 2,400, or 9^4 per cent, 
were returned as married men or widowers, and of the 
25 429 females enumerated, 4,078 or i6'o per cent., were 
described as married or widowed. Of the 10,820 males 
and females between the ages of 15 and 20 only 10 were 
married. Taking the question of destination, it is seen 
that out of a total of 50,867 Irish-born men and women 
who emigrated, 48,937, or 96'2 per cent., went to the 
Colonies or to foreign countries, and 1,930, or 38 per 
cent., to Great Britain. America absorbed 46,550, or 
915 per cent, of these. New Zealand took loi, Canada 
received 989, and Australia is credited with 1,216. In 
1886, of the emigrants who left Ireland in that year, 
Australia gave refuge to no less than 4,212. From these 
figures it will be seen that the great volume of the stream 
of Irish emigration still flows in the direction of the 
United Slates. As to the occupations of the emigrants 
of last year it seems that of the 25,571 males, 19,588, or 
66'6 per cent., were returned as "' labourers." Of the 
remaining occupations of males the most numerous were 
— Farmers 802, Shopkeepers and Assistants 386, Clerks 



and Accountants 373, Carpenters and Joiners 332, Bakers 
211, Tailors 184, Shoemakers 180, Blacksmiths 177, and 
Mechanics 118. Of the 25,429 females who emigrated 
18,944 were returned as "Servants," 1,769 as "House- 
keepers," 576 as " Dressmakers and Milliners," and 50 
as "Seamstresses." The unspecified, including "wives 
and children," numbered 3,822.— /m/i Times, 14th April, 
1893. 



A LARGE ORDER. 



Should Home Rule ever pas.s, to an Irish 
Parliament, after a time, will be entrusted the 
settlement of the Land Question. The follow- 
ing rather premature outline of a scheme of 
settlement has been circulated by the Castlcbar 
Union for approval by the Poor Law P)0ards of 
Ireland generally, many of which', indeed, are 
more deeply interested in the Land Laws than 
they arc in the Laws relating to the Poor : — 

'■ Castlcbar Union, 20th Feb., 1893. 

" At a meeting of the guardians of the Castlcbar 
Union, held on the i8th inst., the following resolution 
was jmssed : — 

" ' Resolved : That in consequence of the hostile 
disposition of landlords towards small occupiers of 
land for the last thirty years, thereby successfully 
accomplishing tiic consolidation of lettings into grazing 
ranches, with its baneful results, congestion, periodical 
famines, and other concomitant evils arising out of 
bad agrarian laws, we earnestly request that the pre- 
sent Liberal Government will pass a Land Bill 
making it compulsory on all landlords to sell, or the 
alternative of breaking up all grazing ranches outside 
demesne lands into agricultural holdings of from 
twenty to fifty acres, and for the benefit of tillage only. 

" ' JS'ow that the cattle trade is a bygone industry, 
owing to increasing foreign competition, the Govern- 
ment will find it a matter of necessity, in the interest 
and well-being of its subjects, to compel landlords tO' 
parcel out the lands and reduce rents so as to enable 
tillers of the soil to face foreign competition. They 
will thereby once and for ever stamp out agrarian 
strife, congestion, and periodical famines in Ireland. 
" * Signed, 
" 'A. C. LaHminie, Chairman. 
"'RoiiERT I. Dixon, Clerk of the Union. 

" ' For your Board to pass if they approve.' " 



THE PRESENT PAYMASTERS OP 

THE IRISH PARLIAMENTARY 

PARTY. 



What is called the Irish Parliamentary Party Fund 
appears to be now almost solely suppoited by Roman 
Catholic ecclesiastics. A bishop and the priests of his 
diocese are the contributors of a suin of upwards of 
^,'500. This fact may serve to show that the Roman 
Catholic clergy are not so disinterested in reference to 
Home Rule as the Gladstonians pretend to assume.— < 
Belfast News-Letter^ 15 th April, 1893. 



NOTES FliOM tUELAND. 



186 



A DIURNAL 

OP EVENTS RELATING TO IRELAND. 



April 10. —A representative meeting 
of the members of the Tyrone force of 
the Hoyal Irish Constabulary was held in 
Omagh Constabulary Barracl;s to con- 
sider the provisions of the Home Rule 
Bill as far as they relate to that body. 
Every district in the county was repre- 
sented, there being present four officers 
or district inspectors, three head-con- 
stables, and over twenty sergeants, 
acting-sergeants, and constables. The 
meeting was protracted, and the schedule 
of the Bill, which referred to the future 
of the force, was minutely analysed, after 
which resolutions passed recommending 
an improvement of the proposed pro- 
visions were adopted. 

11. — In the House of Commons 
a personal explanation was made 
by Mr. Chamberlain, who quoted ex- 
tracts from Mr. Gladstone's speeches, 
and those of Mr. Redmond, to verify 
certain parts of his speech on the 
previous evening. Mr. Gladstone en- 
deavoured to explain away his relerence 
to the phrase " Marching through rapine 
to the disintegration and dismemberment 
of the Empire." Sir E. Ashmead 
Barttlet concluded his speech in the 
debate on the Home Rule Bill. Mr. 
Michael Davitt delivered a maiden 
speech of one and a-half hours' duration. 
He was complimented by Mr. Kussell, 
who followed, and who delivered a 
vigorous and highly argumentative 
speech against the Bill. He said th<; 
sai'eguards in the Bill were utterly 
worthless, and so far from protecting 
property the provisions of the measure 
would provide for a fresh confiscation o( 
Irish land. It was not so much a Bill 
to set up an Irish Parliament as to re- 
duce the Imperial Parliament to impo- 
tence. If they must give Home Rule to 
Ireland, there was no reason why it 
should be forced upon Ulster, which was 
prosperous because law-abiding, and the 
only crime of which was passionate 
attachment to the Empire. Mr. Knox 
spoke for the Nationalists, after which 
Mr. J. Ross opposed the second reading. 
There could be no doubt that if the Bill 
passed the Roman Catholic Church 
would have the paramount power in 
Ireland, and he warned the House that 
the measure would invulve a real danger 
of civil war. They talked of a union of 
hearts and mutual trust between the 
two democracies. In that case why 
could not the democracy of Ireland trust 
the democracy of England without in- 
sisting on this revolutionary measure ? 
The Solicitor-General for England (Mr. 
Kigby) replied, and the debate was ad- 
journed. 

— The second session of the eighth 
General Synod of the Church of Ireland 
was opened under the presidency of the 
Primate. A petition was presented 
against the Home Rule Bill by Judge 
Warren on behalf of the Church Repre- 
sentative Body. The petition asserted 
that the concession of executi%'e powers 
to an Irish Parliament would be followed 



by results disastrous to every part of the 
Three Kingdoms, especially to Ireland. 
No property was more likely to be confis- 
cated in periods of financial difficulty 
than corporate property ; and if, un- 
happily, an Irish Parliament must be 
constituted, they maintained that all 
corporations belonging to religious de- 
nominations should be securely protected 
from injury. 

— A manifesto against the Home 
Rule Uill, and signed by the Duke of 
Leinster, Earl Fitzwilliam, the Earl 
of Arran, the Earl of liandon, the Hon. 
Horace Plunkett, Mr. William Kenny, 
SirH. Grattan Bellew, Bart., Mr.William 
Findlater, Mr. John Jameson, Mr. James 
T. Power, Sir Thomas Butler (chair- 
man), professor Dowden (vice-chair- 
man), and Mr. W. G. Cox (secretary), 
was issued on behalf of the Irish Union- 
ist Alliance, urging strengthening of 
Unionist organizations throughout the 
provinces of Leinster, Munster, and 
Connaught. The manifesto states that 
the Home Rule Bill, if passed into law, 
would paralyse Irish commercial enter- 
prise, and would tend to the expatriation 
of the owners of property and the em- 
ployers of labour, and would thereby 
deprive artisans of their means of liveli- 
hood. The conclusion of the manifesto 
is as follows; — "The time has now 
arrived when the Irish Unionist Alliance, 
anticipating a great extension of its 
operations, deems it essential to create a 
nuarantee fund, which shall be applic- 
able to all the purpo.ses of the Unionist 
cause. The plans for such a guarantee 
fund will be speedily announced, and a 
liberal response is already assured. We, 
therefore, at this critical moment in the 
history of our country, most earnestly 
appeal to the Unionists of Leinster, 
Munster, and Connaught to forthwith 
register their names at the various 
branches of the Irish Unionist Alliance 
or other Unionist organisations. Let us 
remember that union is strength. The 
struggle is arduous and may be long, but 
' we are confident that if we put forth our 
energies the victory will be for us and 
our children. It is thus alone that we can 
help ourselves, that we can duly respond 
to the proffered friendship and aid of 
our brethren of the North, and com- 
mand the respect, the sympathy, and 
the support of Unionists throughout 
Great Britain and the whole Empire." 

— At a special meeting of the Grand 
Orange Lodge of Ireland, held in Dublin, 
the following resolutions were unani- 
mously adopted :—i. "That this Grand 
Lodge of the Loyal Orange Institution 
hereby declare their unabated attachment 
to the Crown and Constitution of the 
United Kingdom of Great Britain and 
Ireland, and in the present supreme 
crisis they feel it their bounden duty 
to make it known, beyond the pos- 
sibility of mistake, that the acceptance 
of the Irish policy of the present Govern- 
ment will meet with their most deter- 
mined resistance, and that p, separate 



Parliament will have no claim upon, and 
will certainly never receive, their alle- 
giance." 2. "That this Grand Lodge, 
profoundly and deeply impressed with 
the awful crisis which is being precipi- 
tated by the Home Rule Hill of Mr. 
Ciladstone, exhorts the masters of lodges 
all through Ireland to impress upon the 
Orange brethren the extreme necessity 
for preserving peace, order, anil quiet 
on the part of all orangemen now as in the 
past, and implores of them to remember 
that the second reading of the Bill, or 
even the passing of the Bill through 
committee, does not involve the passing 
of the F.ill into law by any means till the 
Queen's assent has been given. We 
accentuate with every earnestness in our 
power the exhortation that any outbreak 
whatever is utterly opposed to the prin- 

iples of our Order, and that so long as 
the present connection with the Imperial 
Parliament lasts we are part and parcel 
of the British Constitution." 3. " We 
exhort the brethren to continue their en- 
rolment, and to prepare in every possible 
way for what may be in store fur us, and 
assure the hnthren that should the day 
come - which we implore of Almighty 
God to prevent — the brethren may rely 
upon the leaders of the Orange Institu- 
tion to call upon them to take the 
necessary steps to preserve the faith an 1 
freedom for which our fathers fought, 
and we are well assured that the brethren 
from the North and South alike will 
obey the call." 

— Lord Randolph Churchill addressed 
a Unionist demonstration at Perth, and 
said it was a notorious fact that the 
Government was engaged in a forlorn 
hope. Everyone knew that the position 
of the Government on the Irish question 
was an artificial one, because they knew 
the Home Rule Bill could not pass. 
Scotland was coming to the conclusion 
that Mr. Gladstone was a colossal dis- 
appointment, and without the help of 
Lord Rosebery Mr. Gladstone's hold of 
Scotland would probably be altogether 
lost 

— A discussion took place at the 
meeting of Belfast Board of Guardians 
as to the making of a return called for by 
the Local Government Board under an 
order of the House of Commons, giving 
particulars as to the number of voters 
who would be qualified for the election 
of members of the proposed Irish Legis- 
lative Council under the Home Rule 
Bill. It was decided to inform the Local 
Government Board that instructions 
were being given to the rate collectors 
to furnish the required information, but 
that the collectors had not time to do so 
at present, being engaged in the collec- 
tion of the new rate. 

— Enthusiastic demonstration in the 
Town House, Charleville Square, Tulla- 
more, for the purpose of protesting 
against the Home Rule Bill. There was 
an overcrowded attendance, and large 
numbers unable to obtain admission. 
The chair was taken by Mr, Hector G, 



126 



NOTES FROM IBEtAKt). 



Toler, D.L., High Sheriff, who was sup- 
ported on the platform by Captain Long- 
worth Dames, V.L. ; John R. Wigham 
J. P., Dubhn ; Ernest V. Leet, 51..^ 



what is not right at the present time, 
and no one more regrets than I do the 
sad trouble which has befallen your 
country. I am delighted to hear of the 



Dublin ; Revs. Graham Craig, J. Hamil- splendid work which the Women's Em 
ton, John Humphreys, and Wm. Harper, j ergency Fund in Londonderry is doing, 
David Sherlock, D.L. ; Capt. Maxwell | and heartily wish its efforts every 
Fox, J.P. ; T. B. C. Goodbody, J. P. ;; success." 
Reginald Digby, J. P., and others, who 

delivered earnest and eloquent addresses. ' 13. — In the House of Commons many 
Resolutions were adopted protesting more petitions against Home Rule were 
against the Bill as ruinous to the best received. Mr. W. Kenny presented 
interests of Ireland, and declaring the the petition of the President and Fellows 
meeting's unswerving loyalty to the , of the College of Physicians in Ireland 
Throne, and determination by all con- i against the Bill. Petitions— sometimes 
stitutional means to maintain the Legis- twenty or more— were also presented, 
lative Union. ' among others, by Messrs. Macartney, 

Brodrick, Dane, MulhoUand, M'Calmont, 
12. — In the House of Commons a Lea, Waring, and Wolff". Sir W. liar- 
large number of petitions against the court stated that the Budget would be 
Home Rule Bill were presented. The brought forward immediately after the 
debate on the second reading of the , second reading of the Bill. Mr. Camp 



Bill was resumed by Mr. Ambrose, who 
spoke strongly against the Bill. The 
other speakers were Messrs. Roundell, 
Hogan, Loder, Q.C., Morton, Graham, 
Murray, and Storey. Mr. Storey had 
not concluded his speech when the de- 
bate was adjourned. 

— Mr. Goschen addressed a great 
meeting in the Free Trade Hall, Man- 
chester, and, in proposing a resolution 
opposing the Home Rule Bill, said he 
was not prepared to sacrifice the nation- 
alism of Protestant Ulster on the shrine 
of the nationalism of the remainder of 
Ireland. Mr. Chamberlain spoke at a 
joint Unionist meeting in Birmingham 
on the attempt of the Government to 
snatch a division on the second reading 
of the Home Rule Bill, and said it was 
evident that the growing feeling of the 
country was against the measure, and 
that even if the Government pushed the 
Bill through the House of Commons 
they would once more have to appeal to 
the constituencies. 

— Mr. M'Lagan, M.P., a Gladstonian, 
threatens to resign his seat, owing to 
disagreement with the Government 
policy. 

— Great Unionist meeting in the 
Assembly Rooms, Cork, to protest 
against the Home Rule Bill. The Earl 
of Bandon presided, and amongst the 
other speakers were the Marquis of 
Londonderry, the Earl of Fingall, and 
Mr. Smith-Barry, M.P. 

— The JIarquis and Marchioness of 
Salisbury invite the whole of the \,zoo 
Irish Unionist delegates, who are about 
to visit London for the Albert Hall de- 
monstration on the 22nd. to a garden 
party at Hatfield on the 24th, at which 
they will also be addressed by the Duke 
of Devonshire, Mr. Balfour, Mr. Goschen, 
Lord R. Churchill, and Mr. Chamber- 
lain. 

— A meeting of 30 delegates of the 
Royal Irish Constabulary in Belfast was 
helil in that city, under the presidency 
of District-Inspector Seddall, to consider 
the provisions of the Home Rule Bill. 
The proceedings were private. 

— Mr. Howard Morley, brother of the 
Postmaster - General, enclosing ten 
guineas towards the Londonderry 
Women's Emergency Fund, says : — " I 
am sorry my name is associated with 



bell-Bannerman, replying to a question 
of Colonel Waring as to the position of 
the military in Ireland under Home 
Rule, said the control of the troops 
would remain as before, subject to the 
power of the Lord Lieutenant to call 
them in aid of the civil power. To ao 
additional question from IMr. Sexton, he 
replied that the troops would be obliged 
to put down any rising against the law. 
Mr. I'alfour inquired whether the Lord 
Lieutenant and the Irish Council were 
to be the judges of that matter, but Mr. 
Bannerman said he should have notice 
of the question, the relations between the 
civil and military powers being delicate 
The adjourned debate on the Home 
Rule Bill having been resumed, Mr. 
Redmond said the Nationalists of Ireland 
would accept it honestly as a compro 
mise intended to settle the controversy 
between the two countries, but as to its 
finality the present could not bind a 
future generation. He said Irish 
Catholics were under too many obliga- 
tions to their Protestant fellow-country- 
men to attempt to oppress them, and 
should such a thing be attempted he 
would quit a country which had uot 
learned the first lesson of free institutions. 
Mr. Courtney subsequently delivered a 
very effective attack on the Bill, and 
drew attention to the startling omission 
from the safeguard provisions, which 
were copied from American precedents, 
of any provision forbidding the Legis- 
lature to interfere with the obligation of 
contracts. Mr. Morley admitted that 
the omission was not by inadvertence, 
and said good reasons could be given 
for it. The debate was adjourned on 
the motion of Mr. Asquith. 

— In the fitandard the following 
editorial paragraph appears : — " It is 
stated that a Liberal member for one of 
the Metropolitan constituencies intends 
to vote against the second reading of the 
Home Rule Bill on the ground of dis- 
satisfaction with the proposed constitu- 
tion of the Irish Legislature, and es- 
pecially of the Legislative Council. The 
action of one or two other Liberals, at 
all events as regards the posMbiliiy of their 
abstaining, is considered to be doubtful." 

— Mr. Gladstone receives a written 
reply, as he requested, from the Belfast 
Chamber of Cummerce, in response to his 
statements before the deputation which 
waited upon him in Downing Street. 



With the communication there appears as 
an appendix a letter from Mr. W. E. H. 
Lecky to the President of the Chamber, 
having reference to the prosperity of Ire- 
land under Grattan's Parliament, and Mr. 
Gladstone's fallacies in connection there- 
with. 

14. — Rumours of dissensions in Cabinet. 
Birmingham Gazette reports that Mr. 
Fowler is greatly impressed by the strength 
of the Irish Protestant protest, and is 
seriously contemplating withdrawal from 
the Government, because of their refusal 
to treat Ulsttr separately. 

— In the House of Commons petitions 
against Home Rule Bill were presented by 
Mr. Dane, Mr. C. Connor, Mr. Rentoul, 
Mr. Russell, Col. Waring, Sir Thomas 
Lea, Mr. Wolff, Mr. Macartney, and 
many others. Further questions were 
addressed by Mr. Balfour to Mr. Campbell- 
Bannerman regarding the relations of the 
military with the lush Executive in the 
eveut of the establishment of Home Rule 
in Ireland. Mr. Morley, replying to bir 
H. Vincent, staled the terms on which it 
is proposed to calculate the pensions ol 
the existing force of the Royal Irish Con- 
stabulary. Mr. Gladstone having ex- 
pressed a hope that the debate on the 
motion for the second reading of the Bill 
should close on Tuetday, Mr. Balfour 
urged the importance of further time being 
given for liiscussior, as there were many 
members who siill wished to speak on it, 
including Mr. Gojchen, on Monilay ; Lord 
R. Churchill, on Tuesday ; and bir Henry 
James, Mr. Carson, and Mr. Matthews, on 
f hursday, while he, himself, hoped to speak 
on Friday. Mr. Gladstone adhered to 
his view that the debate might be closed 
earlier. The adjourned debate was re- 
sumed by Mr. Asquith. In the course 
of his speech, on alluding to Mr. 
Davitt, Lord Cranborne ejaculated the 
word "murderer," for which he was called 
on to apologise to the House, and did so, 
explaining that the word had involuntarily 
escaped from him, and had not been in- 
tended for the hearing of the House. 
Lord George Hamilton sijoke next, and 
after several minor speakers, the debate 
was again adjourned at midnight, on the 
motion of Mr. Forwood. 



— Unionist meeting at Edinburgh, at 
which the Duke of Devonshire said it 
would suit the purpose of the Govtr. anient 
that the Home Rule Bill should be passed 
with as litlle discussion as possible, in 
order that, when the inevitable dissolution 
came, the Government might be again 
able to obscure the real issue before the 
country by mixing the Home Rule question 
up with other subjects. In the matter of 
Irish politics the Prime Minister was no 
safe guide for the country. Everyone of 
Mr. Gladstone's predictions in connection 
with Irish legislation had been falsified, 
and he charged the right honourable 
gentleman wilti having abandoned his 
principles. His followers hailed him as a 
victorious chief, but in reaUty he was a 
discredited statesman. 

— Immediately upon his landing from 
the mail boat on Kingstown Pier, to-day, 
Mr. Mich.iel Davitt, M.P., was served 
with a legal document requiring him to 
pay ;^I,SS7, the taxed costs of the North 
Meath Election petition trial. Mr. 



NOTJiS FROM IRELAND. 



Davitt's election was declared void, on 
the grounds of undue influence and in- 
timidation by the priests. 

— At the concluding sitting, to-day, of 
the General Synod of the Church of Ire- 
land, the following resolution, moved by 
Mr. J. C. Bloomfieid, was adopted, viz. : — - 
"That this Synod wish to record their 
complete sympathy with the action of the 
President in calling the special meeting 
for the purpose of protesting against the 
Home Rule Bill, and add their thanks to 
the Dean of the Chapel Royal and Mr. 
Moore for their earnest and satisfactory 
work in publishing the protest. Mr. 
Bloomfield said it was well to show by 
this resolution that he and other niHrnbers 
who were unable to be present endorsed 
the act of the President and approved 



of the proceedings. It seemed to him 
that day by day things were g"ing frooi 
bad to worse in England. If they only 
turned their attention to the previous 
night's debate in the House of Commons 
they would find Mr. .Sexton glorying in a 
question which he put to Mr. Campbell- 
Bannerman, and espscially in the reply 
which he received to his question. The 
question had reference to the action liktly 
10 be taken by the forces in the event of 
Ulster being driven to fight under the 
pressure of Home Kule, and the reply 
given was that the furces would be put in 
operation to put down anything in op- 
position to the law. 

— Open-air Unionist meeting held in 
the town of Boyle to prolest against the 
passing of the Home Kule Bill. The Earl 



of Kingstou presided, and there was a 
large attendance, a good many of the 
agricultural and artisan classes of the 
country and town being present. Amongst 
those present were — Mr. C. Litton 
Falkiner, Mr. C. C. B. Whyte, the Hon. 
John French, Mr. Wm. J. Kobinson, Mr. 
"J. M. Lloyd, Mr. S.W. Ribinson, Captain 
Darley, Mr, Russell, Mr. Thomas Rea, 
Kev. John Watson, Mr. Thos. Stuart, Rev. 
Canon French, Miss Crawford, George 
M'Garry, Edward Fairbanks, Rev. W. H. 
Moore, E. C. Maginni?, &c. Lord Kings- 
ion, in opening the proceeding-', read 
letters of apology from The O'Conor Don, 
Col. Irwin, Lord De Freyne, Col. Taaffe 
Ferrall, Ool. Ffolliott, and others. Re- 
solutions against Home Rule were 
passed. 



THE ROMAIC CATHOLIC ANTI- 
HOME RULE PETITION. 



WOULD THE GREAT CARDINAL CULLEN 
HAVE SIGNED IT? 
Here are his views : — 

'•My first duty is to approach all questions from 
my own standpoint, that is, as a bishop, and to 
examine into and see what the effect of any great 
political change would be on religion and the Church's 
interests. It is for others to go into the political and 
temporal aspect of all such problems. I must admit, 
then, that I do not like this new movement for what 
is called Home Rule, for of this I am convinced, that 
the first future attack on the liberty of the Church and 
on the interest of religion will come from a native 
Parliament, if we ever have one. I have now a twenty- 
five years' most intimate acquaintance with Ireland 
and her politics, and an equally long experience 
derived from residence there of Rome and her politics, 
and of this I am convinced, that the moving spring in 
this new agitation in Ireland is identical with that in 
Italy, that is the spirit of the revolution so loudly and 
so authoritatively condemned by the Holy See ; but 
for this power and this spirit the movement in Ireland 
would have no strength. We all know what the 
Revolution has done in Rome and in France. It first 
drove the Pope from the Eternal City. He returned 
defended by French troops ; the moment they were 
withdrawn the revolutionary army of Italy seized upon 
the States of the Church. The Pope remains a pri- 
soner in the Vatican. In Paris what have we seen ? 
An archbishop shot down in the streets, and priests 
murdered in that city, and the most awful sacrileges 
perpetrated. France was once as Catholic as Ireland, 
but the Revolution undermined her faith. Should an 
Irisli Parliament — -whose strength, I believe, will come 
from revolutionary sources — pass laws that are subver- 
sive of justice, morality, or religion, it will be the duty 
of the bishops to speak out to warn their flocks and 



to condemn such acts. Such a Parliament will at 
once pass laws to weaken and destroy the Church's 
action, and to restrain the bishops in the performance 
of their undoubted duty. \Vith this conviction in my 
mind, I for one can never advocate this revolutionary 
movement, as I believe it to be, for Home Rule." — 
The Tablet, 27th March, 18S6. 



'MUSCULAR CHRISTIANITY." 



At the last monthly meeting of the Carron and 
Noughaville (Co. Clare) Branch of the National- 
League, the following resolution was passed, viz. : — 
" That we hereby call the attention of the Most Rev. 
Dr. McCormack to the shameful and discreditable 
assault cbmmitted at the chapel gate immediately after 
Mass on Sunday, 9th April, by the Rev. Patrick 
Reran, P.P., on a parishioner, and as this is not the 
first occasion on which this rev. gentleman has been 
guilty of similar misconduct, we respectfully request 
his lordship to use his authority as bishop of this 
diocese (Kilfenora) to prevent the recurrence of the 
like scandal in future." — United Ireland, 22nd April, 
1893. 



HOUSEBREAKING NEAR CASTLE- 
ISLAND. 



On last night ^Ir. John Powell's house at Cragg was 
broken into and some goods and money taken away. 
A man named John Urosnan was arrested to-day in 
connection with the occurrence. He has been re- 
manded to the Castleisland petty sessions. — Kerry 
Evening Foit, 8th April, 1893. 



During a row near Kenmare a few days ago a man 
named Sullivan, of Derrygarive, struck a man named 
Cronin with a stone on the head and fractured his 
skull. Sullivan's whereabouts are required by the 
police. — Kerry Evening Fost, 8th April, 1893. 



12S 



KOTES FBOM IM ELAND. 



OARDIISrAL LOGUE AND ROMAN 
CATHOLIC LAYMEN. 



The following letter has appeared in the 
Times : — 

Sir, — As one who signed the Cathohc petition 
against the Home Rule Bill, allow me to join in the 
protest made by your correspondent, " Catholic 
Unionist," in your issue of the ist of April. Cardinal 
Logue refers in his allocution to the past as justifying 
his criticism of the Catholic petitioners. Independ- 
ence of opinion in this matter needs no precedent ; 
but if it did, prescription is all on the side of the pre- 
sent action of Catholic laymen. They are unworthily 
taunted now with regretting the disappearance of a 
Protestant monopoly which it is stated they would 
wish to share, whereas the fact is that in Ireland such 
monopoly in its severest forms was swept away by the 
efforts of Catholic laymen unaided by the episcopate 
or clergy. The abolition of the penal laws, the re- 
moval of disabilities, were the result of an agitation in 
which laymen bore the brunt of the fight. From 1759, 
when the first Catholic association was formed, down 
to O'Connell's day, the champions of Cathohc rights 
were laymen — O'Conor, Keogh, Wyse, Taafe, Fingal, 
Scully, Shiel amongst the most prominent names. 
The brilliant exception of Father Arthur O'Leary only 
proves the rule. 

The episcopate and clergy, as Mr. Wyse points out 
in his " History of the Catholic Association," " very 
constantly refused every inducement to add their 
voices to that of the people." O'Conor and De 
Beaumont, amongst other Catholic writers, point to 
the same fact — the unwillingness of the clergy to take 
part in public affairs, even when the political question 
of the hour was emancipation. Devoted to their 
spiritual cares and to the wants of the poor, it was not 
until O'Connell's time that the clergy became public 
advocates for the Cathohc claims. Even then, as Mr. 
Lecky points out, their policy was guided and directed 
by O'Connell. So much for the charge of laymen 
being supporters of ascendency. The exception to 
this passive attitude on the part of the clergy during 
the period from 1750 to 1810 is to be found at the 
time of the Union proposals. If we are to learn from 
the past, here is a notable historical lesson. None 
were more ardent champions of the Union policy 
in 1799-1800 than the Cathohc bishops and Cathohc 
priesthood of Ireland. " The Catholic bishops," says 
Mr. Lecky (History VIII., p. 422), "appear to have 
been unanimous in favour of the Union, and in the 
recess of 1799 they exerted themselves strenuously, 
persistently, and, on the whole, successfully in sup- 
porting it." Dr. Moylan, the Bishop of Cork, wrote 



that " nothing will more effectually tend to lay these 
disgraceful and scandalous party feuds and dissen- 
sions, and restore peace and harmony amongst us, 
than the great measure of the Legislative Union. 
Finally, amongst the most active supporters of Pitt's 
policy were the predecessor of Cardinal Logue in the 
See of Armagh, and the predecessor of Dr. Nulty in 
the See of Meath." 

I see, therefore, nothing in the past to make me 
now conform in the political domain to the applauded 
doctrine of Mr. Timothy Healy that the right of 
private judgment is the right of private stupidity. It 
is not Catholic Unionists, let me remind Cardinal 
Logue, but a minority of Home Rulers, who have 
started an anti-clerical campaign. There is, I am 
convinced, but too much truth in Mr. John Morley's 
prophecy that the passing of the Home Rule Bill 
would mean the prosecution of such a campaign with 
tenfold vigour. It is for this reason, amongst many 
others, that there are hundreds of Catholic clergymen 
in Ireland who, as I believei, tacitly sympathize with 
the present action of Catholic Unionists. — Your obe- 
dient servant. 

The Temple. Nicholas Svnnott. 

— Clonmcl Chronicle, Sth April, 1893. 



HARD LINES. 



There is a rumour current in Castleisland which, if 
true, discloses a shocking state of things. An old 
man named Coffey died and was provided with a 
union coffin, into which he was placed without being 
washed or covered — in fact, simply laid on a bundle of 
shavings and buried. We would direct the attention 
of the Vice-lj uardians to this matter. — Kerry Evening 
Post, ist April, 1893. 



WANTON OUTRAGE. 



A FEW days ago a bullock, the property of a woman 
named Moriarty, was maliciously killed at Derryquin, 
Kenmare, by having its stomach pierced in several 
parts by some sharp instrument. A claim for ;^'t2 
compensation has been lodged. — Kerry Evenittg Post, 
15th April, 1893. 



MALICIOUS INJURY. 



An in-calf cow, the jjroperty of a farmer at Lismore, 
was maliciously killed a few days ago. A claim for 
£, 1 2 compensation has been lodged.— A'wvj Evening 
Post, 15th April, 1893. 



Published by the iBisH Unionist Alliance, at their Dublin Offices, 109 
Giaftoa Street, and Luudoa Offices, 26 Palace Chambers, Westminster, S. W. 



NOTES FROM IRELAND 

%* A Record of the sayings and doings of the Home Rule Parties tn the furtherance of their " Separatist" Policy 
for Ireland ; and of facts connected with the country. For the information of the Imperial Parliament, the Press, 
and the Public generally. 



No. IT— Vol. 1.— New Series. 



29th APRIL, 1893. 



Price Id. 



®otttent». PAGE 

The Land Markkt— Kind Mr. MTIahthy — A New 
Version of an Old Song — An Archdeacon 

Denounced ... 129 

An Ex-Home Rcler on a Unionist Platform ... 130 
The Belfast Disturbances — The Exchange Court 

Explosion 131 

The Methods op our New Masters — The Vacant 
Dublin Town Clerkship — Claim for Malicious 

Injury ... 132 

A Diurnal 133 

Points from the Albert Hall Meeting ... ... 135 

Outrages in Neighbourhood of Newcastle- West 136 



THE LAND MARKET. 



Value of Land near Mountfield (Co. Tyrone). 
— On Friday, 14th inst., Mr. Charles Donegan, auc- 
tioneer, Omagh, put up for sale a farm of land in 
Aughnamerrigan, containing about 15 acres, statute 
measure, the property of Mr. John Gallagher, held 
under Sir William M'Mahon, Bart., at the yearly 
judicial rent of j^ 2 15s. The following are the bid- 
dings: — Mr. Charles M'Crory, ;^ioo, ;^iio, j£t.2o, 
/■130, ;^i40, ^150, £162, £l^o, ^182, ^190, 
;^202, ;«^2o6, ;^2io; Mr. Michael Gallagher, ^164, 
£16?,, £112, £\i(i, £\%o, £\%^, £\^2, ;^2o4, 
;^2o8 ; Mr. James Keenan, £10'^, £^12, £12^, 
i^i32, ^^137, ^142, ^152, ;^iS6, p^i6o, ;^2oo, 
;^2 1 2— purchaser, being almost 75 years' purchase at 
present rent. Afterwards the stock and crop were sold 
at fair prices. — Tyrone Constitution, 21st April, 1893. 



KIND MR. M'CARTHY. 



It appears from Mr. M'Carth/s speech at the 
Holborn Restaurant, on Saturday, the i8th March, 
that one of his reasons for Home Rule is : — " I may 
say for myself, with all sincerity, that, devoted as I am 
to my own country, I have always, in striving for this 
Home Rule for Ireland, had some feeling in my mind 
about the benefit it would confer upon England 
and Scotland and Wales." 



A NEW VERSION OP AN OLD SONG. 



In United Ireland oi the 22nd April, 1893, there 
is quoted from the Chicago Evening Post a parody 
of " The Wearin' of the Green," which has the 
following notable stanzas : — 

" Oh ! then, Paddy, dear, and did you hear, 

The news that's going round ? 
Old Gladstone has a Home Rule Bill, 

And Ireland peace has found. 
The Tory horde is flying fast, 

And Balfour is laid low, 
Coercion grim is buried deep. 

And landlords must eat crow. 

"Then up came good John Morley, 

And he took me by the hand. 
Saying, ' How is poor Ireland, 

And how does she stand ? ' 
'Tis the most delighted country 

That ever yet was seen. 
For they're dancing jigs and hornpipes. 

And they're wearing of the green. 

" Oh ! then, glory give to Parnell, 

To O'Connell, Emmet, Tone ; 
Their work is done, and Erin dear 

No more \vA\ cry ' Ochone.' 
Her glorious harp once more will sound 

Through Tara's ancient hall. 
Hurrah for Thomas Davis, 

And God bless the Fenians all." 



AN ARCHDEACON DENOUNCED. 



At the last meeting of the Skibbereen Branch 
of the National League fheld on Sunday, 23rd 
April, 1893), among others, the following 
resolution was passed, viz. : — 

That we denounce in the strongest terms the con- 
duct of the Rev. Justin McCarthy, Archdeacon of 
Ross, in taking the farm of Mr. Patrick Donovan, of 
Castleventry, as unworthy of a Christian minister, and 
we call upon him to give it up immediately. — United 
Ireland, 29th April, 1S93. 



XOTES FROM IJRELAJfn. 



AN BX-HOMB RULBR ON A 
UNIONIST PLATFORM. 



HE DISCUSSES BUTT HOME RULE VERSUS 
GLADSTOXIAN HOME RULE. 

At a great Unionist meeting held at Portarlington on 
the 2ist April, 1893, Lord Portarlington in the chair, 
-Mr. Edmund Dease, J. P., D.L., moved the following 
resolution :■ — ••' That we protest against the Home 
Rule Bill, because it provides no adequate guarantee 
for the securit}^ of propert}' or the maintenance of 
those ci\-il and reUgious liberties which are our inheri- 
tance and birthright ; and we resolve to resist the 
passing of this revolutionary- measure by every lan^ful 
means in our power." He said — I will ask your leave 
to say a few words with regard to my own position in 
taking part in this Unionist meeting, for it will be in 
your recollection that 1 had the honour of representing 
this county in the Imperial Parliament for many years, 
and on the occasion of my last re-election I was 
returned as a member of the first distinct Irish Party, 
under the leadership of Mr. Butt, who was the father 
of Home Rule, and, indeed, the originator of that 
name for a great political movement which has since I 
then, in one form or another, agitated the public ' 
mind. It will be in your recollection that Mr. Butt's 
proposal was a different one from that contained 
within the four comers of this miserable Bill — (hear, 
hear) — a BiU which, should it ever become an Act, 
will unsettle everything, settle nothing, and will cast 
upon the ratepayers of Ireland such a burden of 
taxation as must ruin our common countr)-. (Hear, 
hear.) It would be much like the state of things in 
Italy at the present day, where, for the sake of a 
sentimental nationality, they are ground down by such 
a weight of taxation as to be a virtually bankrupt 
country. (Hear, hear.) So it will surely be with us 
in Ireland if this miserable BiU should pass into law. 
(Hear, hear.) Mr. Butt's proposal was for the 
establishment of a Federal Union on the lines of the 
Constitution of the United States — a form of Parlia- 
mentary Government which seems well suited to an 
Empire composed of distinct nationalities, under 
which each nation forming the Empire can manage 
its own internal affairs in a local representative 
Assembly, whilst the Imperial Parliament deals ^\'iih 
all Imperial questions, and should be the final court 
of appeal from the local Legislatures. This proposal 
of .\Ir. Butt's was accepted by the Irish people as the 
true mode of Parliamentary Government for the 
Empire. At the present moment we see undoubted 
signs of its acceptance in Scotland and in Wales as 
weU ; and the greater movement for a vast federation 
of the Colonial Empire with the mother country shows 
that we are gradually drifting in the direction of the 
most splendid Imperial Federation the world has ever 
seen. (Cheers.) Now, there is a desire, it appears, 
to accept this WTetched BiU, although Ireland under 
Mr. Butt— a great constiturional lawyer — had agitated 
for the Federal form of government I have described, 
and rather shows how Uttle reality there is in some of 
our agitarions, and the ease with which people jump 
from one platform to another, and imagine they are 
working in the same cause and for the same ends. 
(Cheers. ) 'J his BiU is as far from any settlement of 



the Home Rule question as it is possible to imagine. 
In the Nineteenth Century Revie'd' for this month Mr. 
Redmond points out that Federation must be the 
final settlement, and that this BiU, which he seems to 
like as little as I do, is to be but a stepping-stone to 
Federation. ^VTiat does this BiU propose to do? 
Its main principle is to relieve the Imperial Exchequer 
at the cost of the Irish ratepayers. Within the last 
fifteen years or so successive Governments, represent- 
ing all parties in the State alike, have made such use 
of Imperial credit as to have showered blessings on 
Ireland, on every class in Ireland. Imperial credit 
finds its way into every corner of our social life — 
houses for the clerg}', schools for primary education, 
labourers' dwellings, farm-houses and offices, and, 
above all, the means of securing the occupiers of the 
soil in their homes as owners. How are all these 
needs to be supplied under the provisions of this BiU 
for the ruin of Ireland, not for its good government ? 
I can picture to myself had Mr. Butt been alive to-day 
how he would have torn to pieces this insulting Bill on 
the floor of the House of Commons. (Cheers.) I 
took the opinion of an eminent Q.C. as to this BiU, 
which he studied with great care, and he told me he 
never read a more ill-constructed BiU, and if it should 
pass it would bring ruin in its train for Ireland, and 
not peace but the sword for its inhabitants. Some 
twenty-three years ago Mr. Gladstone established 
religious equality in Ireland. Since then its soothing 
influences have been at work, and gradually, for such 
influences can only work gradually, after such a history 
as ours has been. Unity, good feeling amongst aU 
creeds, has been growing into mutual charity and 
brotherly love — (cheers)— so that the celebrations of 
the I St of July had ceased to be kept, the drums of 
the 1 2 th have ceased to be heard, and enough har- 
mony prevailed. (Cheers.) It will form a curious 
chapter in Mr. Justin M'Carthy's new volume of the 
'• History of Our Own Time," in which he wiU have to 
point out how the same hand that gave this peace 
should after twentj-three years once more let loose 
'' the dogs of war," and create in our midst a revival 
of those unchristian utterances, bitter reUgious ani- 
mosities, which we had all aUke began to rejoice in 
feeling had passed away for ever. (Cheers.) In con- 
clusion, I wish to express the feeUngs of regret, on ray 
own part, that I find myself largely separated — with 
regard to the provisions of this Bill — from my co- 
religionists and a majority of my fellow-countrymen, 
to whom naturally my sympathies belong. But believ- 
ing as I do that the provisions contained in this BiU if 
passed into law will bring financial ruin on my feUow- 
countrjTnen and serious danger to religion, I cannot 
but express my feeUngs against it. (Loud cheers.) 
AU sections of the people have protested agaijist the 
BiU. Dr. Nult)^ the Bishop of Meath, said, from the 
pulpit of his Cathedral Church at MuUingar, "that 
Home Rule might bring temporal blessings, yet he 
feared it would be at the sacrifice of religion." The 
late Cardinal CuUen told me he would never desire to 
see a Home Rule ParUament in Dublin, for he beUeved 
that the first attack made on the Uberty of the Catholic . 
Church in Ireland would come from a ParUament in 
DubUn — if we ever had one. Hardly a meeting is 
held or a word said in favoiu: of this Bill (Cheers.) 
If every one spoke out the thoughts within them I 



NOTHS FROM IRELAND. 



131 



much doubt that I should find myself separated on 
the question from the majority of my co-religionists or 
of my fellow-countrymen. In the interest of our 
beloved country we should speak out whilst there is 
yet time, not remain passive spectators of that leap in the 
dark that may land us in unknown regions of financial 
ruin and bitter disappointment. I beseech my fellow- 
countrymen to remember that by the acceptance of this 
Bill we Irishmen give to England a receipt in full for 
the large debt still due to Ireland long before it is re- 
paid. fCheers.) Ireland now reaps certain advantages 
which we would do wisely to cling to — ;,hear, hear) — 
in preference to a sentimental Some Rule, under 
which we are deprived of Imperial credit, and are sure to 
be over-burdened with local direct taxation, which will 
fall with terrible severity on the ratepayers of Ireland. 
(Cheers) — Irish Times, 24th April, 1893. 



THE BELFAST DISTURBANCES. 



NATIONALIST EXAGGERATIONS EXPOSED. 

In view of the blood-curdling reports of the 
Belfast disturbances which have been confined 
to the Irish Nationalist prints and their English 
sympathising contemporaries, it is not a little 
odd that, so far, and in spite of all the dreadful 
doings, there has not been the loss of a single 
life. The real facts of the case are to be 
gathered from the only official record we have yet 
to hand, namely — the reply of Mr. Asquith to Mr. 
Sexton's voluminous questions on Tuesday 
evening, 25th inst., in the House of Commons. 
From the Freemati's Journal \v&s\\a.\\ be satisfied 
to take the report : — 

Mr. Asquith said it was impossible for him to 
answer in detail questions as to what had taken place 
in lielfast on the previous day without more notice 
than he had received. He had asked to be supplied 
with the information desired by the hon member for 
Kerry, and he hoped should the Chief Secretary still 
be in Ireland, to give it to the hon. gentleman on 
Thursday. He would also make imjuiries as to the 
points which had been mentioned by the other hon. 
gentlemen. For the moment the House might think 
it sufficient to hear the communication he had received 
from the Chief Secretary, which contained the narrative 
given last night, and showed what took place after- 
wards. The telegram read, " Injuries received by men 
assaulted in Queen's Island ship yards were 012/y slight 
bloic's and kicks. For the protection of any Catholics 
in the yard one of the town commissioners, with six 
pickets of infantry and six parties of police, together 
with some resident magistrates, went to the yard 
yesterday. The pickets were posted along the road 
which passed the yards at intervals of about 120 
yards, so that anyone seeking protection could at once 
obtain it. No one claimed protidiony although it was 
understood that some Catholics were still on the works. 
The Protestant workers resented the presence of the 
police and began stone-throwing. Two pickets were 
ordered to fix bayonets, and this brought about the 



dispersal of the crowds, but stones were thrown over 
the hoardings and roofs. At two o'clock yesterday 
the Queen's Island men resumed work and all was 
quiet. Many Catholics were escorted out of the works 
by their Protestajit fello7v-2i'orkmen. (Cheers.) The 
rivet boys employed in one of the yards put up a 
notice that all Home Rulers should leave the works, 
and as the firm did not concede the request they 
struck work, and the platers are in consequence out 
also. The Catholic girls, to whom reference was 
made yesterday, demanded to be paid off, but were 
refused, and being told to return to work declined to 
do so. They are now out. When the Queen's Island 
men returned from their work yesterda}' some glass 
was broken, especially on the border line between the 
rival quarters. Six pickets of infantry were on duty 
till 10.30, at which hour the city was quiet, and it has 
remained so up to ten minutes past one to-day. The 
inhabitants of Shankhill Road, a Protestant quarter, 
have arranged for a meeting to-night in conjunction 
7vith the police for the preservation of the peace. The 
aspect of affairs at present may be described as 
distinctly favourable." (Hear, hear.) — Freeman's 
Journal, 26th April, 1893. 

[We mark in italics the more important parts 
of this Ministerial statement, as showing how 
grossly exaggerated have been the reports and 
comments of Nationalist journals.] 



THE EXCHANGE COURT 
EXPLOSION. 



MYSTERIOUS DIS.A.PPEARANCES. 

" We are informed that the secret inquiry at the 
Castle into the explosion at the Exchange Court, 
which commenced early in January, has not yet con- 
cluded. Additional witnesses have yet to be examined 
before Mr. CHonel. Among the witnesses who 
have been examined are some people who are well 
known in Dublin. Several of the witnesses have been 
examined two or three times. We are informed that 
when one witness was required it was found that he 
was missing. The police knew of his whereabouts, 
and at once notified to the authorities that they were 
in a position to find him. It was subsequently dis- 
covered that a number of witnesses already examined 
at the inquiry had disappeared. Their destination is 
known, but we cannot indicate where it is. Suffice it 
to say that the Criminal Investigation Department at 
Dublin Castle can lay hands on them at once, when- 
ever it becomes necessary. It is significant that this 
flight has taken place only among those whose evidence 
at the inquiry was solicited, and that there was no 
flight from Dublin until the inquiry had been in 
existence for a considerable time." — Evening Telegraph, 
26th April, 1893. 



NOTES FROM IRELAND. 



THE METHODS OP OUR NEW 
MASTERS. 

A FARMER'S HOUSE FIRED INTO. 

Listowel, Monday. 
A REPORT reached here that a party of armed and 
disguised marauders visited the house of a farmer 
named Carmody, residing at a place called Cuss, at a 
late hour a few nights ago, and gave the occupants 
cause for the greatest alarm and consternation by the 
outrageous and barbarous behaviour in which they 
indulged, and if the accounts of the affair to hand 
may be taken as in any way corresponding with the 
actual facts of the occurrence, the saving of one life 
at least may be attributed more to the self-possession 
of the person more immediately concerned than to 
any particular arising from a regard to save life on 
the part of the marauders, who appear to have entirely 
placed at discount the lives of the occupants. Car- 
mody and his household had, it appeared, long retired, 
and were deep in slumber, when, with awful sudden- 
ness, the reports of several gunshots, discharged in 
quick succession, broke the stillness of the night, and 
subsequent investigation showed the window panes 
were completely riddled. Just underneath one of 
the windows so riddled slept a servant girl in the 
employment of Carmody, and to her quick wit in 
instantly realising the exact state of affairs, and her 
judgment in adopting in the literal sense of the 
term the attitude of lying low, and so allowing the 
grain or bullets to pass harmlessly over her head, she 
owes the preservation of her life. It does not tran- 
spire whether the gang contented themselves with 
this display, or whether they entered the house and 
challenged Carmody as to the immediate object of 
their raid, or whether they visited upon him any 
further trouble ; but having regard to the number of 
shots which must have been discharged to bring 
about the complete shattering of the windows, and 
the disregard for the lives of the occupants which it 
is described they indulged in, it seems nothing short 
of miraculous that the district has not been stained 
with another of those fearful crimes which made this 
county so prominently notorious in the past. The 
police authorities visited the place, and it is stated 
found no less than seven masks outside the house. 
The motive for the outrage seems to be very obscure, 
and it is stated is traceable to a family dispute about 
land ; but whether this is the real motive or not it is 
difficult at present to say, but colour was given to it 
by the subsequent action of the police in arresting 
the elder of Carmody's two sons, whom the father, it 
is stated, recognised as being amongst the gang. The 
prisoner has been lodged in the county jail. 

I.istowel, Thursday. 
Yesterday Michael Carmody, son of Edmond 
Carmody, Cuss, whose house was visited and fired 
into some nights ago by an armed and disguised party 
of moonlighters, was brought up in the police barrack 
before the Hon. M. John Ffrench, R.M. Mr. Wm. 
Irwin, D.I., prosecuted on the part of the Crown, and 
the prisoner was not professionally represented. Ser- 
jeant Andrew Griffin made a short formal deposition, 
stating that he was prosecuting inquiries into the affair, 
and prayed for a further remand. The application 
was granted.— Xeffy Evening Post, 22nd April, 1893. 



THE VACANT DUBLIN TOWN 
CLERKSHIP. 



A SPECIMEN OF ANTI-PARNELLITE 
JEALOUSY. 

The following editorial appears in the /ris/t 
Catholic : — 

The contest for the Dublin Town Clerkship is ex- 
citing a large amount of interest in Parnellite circles, it 
being taken for granted that, owing to the present 
composition of the Municipal Council, no one who is 
not at least a member of the National Club will have 
a shadow of chance of election. The candidates 
whose names have been most freely mentioned up to 
the present are Alderman V. B. Dillon and Mr. J. J. 
Clancy, M.P. Between the rival claims of these two 
gentlemen, indeed, it does not seem at all improbable 
that a great cleavage may be caused in the ranks of the 
" Independent Irish National Party." The present 
" leader of the Irish race, at home and abroad," Mr. 
John Redmond, is stated to be using his utmost exer- 
tions to secure the election of Alderman Dillon, while, 
on the other hand, the supporters of Mr. Clancy, 
prominent amongst whom is the Right Honourable 
Alderman Meade, hold that Mr. Redmond's interfer- 
ence is peculiarly unfair in view of the fidelity with 
which the member for North Dublin has sustained the 
ParnelUte policy and the loyalty which he has exhibited 
towards the successor of Mr. Parnell in "the leader- 
ship." It is understood that Mr. Redmond lefuses to 
admit the validity of this argument, declaring that it 
was not Alderman Dillon's fault that he was not able 
to render the same class of service as Mr. Clancy, 
inasmuch as it was only because of the exercise of 
" clerical dictation " in the County Sligo that he was 
not one of his parliamentary followers. Mr. Redmond 
further, it is asserted, challenges Mr. Clancy's support- 
ers to point to a single occasion whereon Alderman 
Dillon refused to act as an attorney in behalf of per- 
secuted Nationalists or imperilled National interests. 
The Right Hon. Alderman Meade is said, however, 
to make particularly light of this argument, declaring 
that Alderman Dillon is no more to be thanked for 
rendering such services than he should be for building 
" New Tipperary," and pointing out that one advantage 
certain to result from the election of Mr. Clancy to the 
Town Clerkship would be his. Alderman Meade's, own 
return as member for North Dublin. — IrisA Catholic, 
22nd April, 1893. 

CLAIM POR MALICIOUS INJURY. 



Mr. Dennehy, cooper. Rock Street, whose premises 
were burned to the ground in May last, has lodged a 
claim for ;£^ioo compensation. — Kerry Evening Post, 
I St April, 1893. 



NOTJES FROM IRELAND. 



A DIURNAL 

OP EVENTS RELATING TO IRELAND. 



April 14. — A meeting was held in 
Limericlv of the members of the Royal 
Irish Constabulary serving in the city 
and county, to consider how their pros- 
pects will be affected by Schedule 6 of 
the Home Rule Hill. A number of reso- 
lutions were adopted with regard to the 
scale at which the pensions should be 
calculated of those members of the Force 
who should be compulsorily retired in 
the event of the Bill becoming law. 

15. — Early this morning two farmers, 
father and son, named Quirke. residing 
near Newcastle West. Limerick, were 
murderously assaulted by a gang of 
armed and disguised moonlighters. The 
son was shot in the legs, and the father 
beaten with the butt of a gun until 
he was rendered insensible. Alleged 
cause of the outrage — the purchase of 
some land at an auction by the elder of 
the victims. 

— The following resolution was 
adopted unanimously by the Grand Jury 
of the County of Dublin. Proposed by 
Colonel H. Gore Lindsay, seconded by 
Thomas L. Plunkett, Esq. :—" That we, 
the Grand Jury of the County of Dublin, 
assembled at Easter Term, 1S93, desire 
to express our undiminished loyalty to 
her Imperial Majesty the Queen. We. 
at the same time, record our unanimous 
opinion that any measure whatever tend- 
ing to weaken the legislative union now 
existing between Great Britain and Ire- 
land would be most disastrous to both 
countries, and certain to affect most 
injuriously the interests and imperil the 
safety of the Empire.— Ion T. Hamilton, 
Foreman." 

— Unionist meeting at Shillelagh to 
form a Branch of the Irish Unionist 
AUiance. 

— Under the heading of "A Grave 
Crisis," a manifesto has been issued to 
-the Methodists of Great Britain from the 
Methodists of Ireland. It has been for- 
warded to all the Methodist ministers 
in Great Britain, and also the leading 
laymen of the denomination, and to 
every member of Parliament. It is 
stated in the document that there is 
nothing in Mr. Gladstone's present pro- 
posals which in any degree tends to abate 
the distrust and alarm entertained towards 
the Bill of 1886 ; that if it were to 
become law, so far from being a message 
of peace, it would be a fruitful occasion 
of discord and strife : that the religious 
equality now subsisting would be 
seriously endangered ; that it is a peri- 
lous thing to unsettle a system of govern- 
ment which has existed for ninety-three 
years, under which law-abiding and 
orderly citizens are secured in posses- 
sion of their just rights and ample scope 
for the prosecution of all their industrial 
and commercial undertakings ; that 
already the very shadow of Home Rule 
has created such a feeling of distrust 
that securities have depreciated and 
capital has flowed out of the country ; 



that the history of past legislation, which 
was supposed to be final, and the avowed 
declaration of certain Nationalists, as 
well as the Methodists' intimate know- 
ledge of the country, make them confi- 
dent that the new legislation will not be 
final, but only lead to further demands, 

— The Leith Chamber of Commerce 
unanimously protest against the Home 
Rule Bill. 

— At Dalkeith the Duke of Devon- 
shire further criticised Mr. Gladstone's 
policy, and condemned the proposal with 
respect to the retention of the Irish 
members at Westminster. He did not 
believe that a separate Government ever 
would be set up in Ireland, but if it 
should be, Ulster would be justified in 
using force to resist any unfair proposals 
emanating from it, even if the Bill should 
receive the Koyal assent. 

17. — Arrangements for Lord Salisbury's 
visit to Ulster were formally drawn up 
by the Ulster Reception Committee. 
His lordship will leave London on the 
evening of May 22nd, travelling via 
Holyhead and Kingstown for Mount- 
stewart. County Down, where he will 
be the guest of Lord Londonderry. On 
the following Wednesday evening Lord 
Salisbury will address a mass meeting in 
the Ulster Hall, Belfast, and on Thurs- 
day, at one o'clock, he will receive a 
number of Unionist addresses in the 
same hall, subsequently lunching in the 
afternoon with the Lord Mayor. His 
lordship will afterwards proceed to 
Baronscourt, remaining there over night, 
and will address a meeting in London- 
derry the following night, returning to 
England on Saturday. 

— Police fired on at Hodyke. The 
Constabulary return the shots. Nobody 
injured. 

— A representative of the Press Asso- 
ciation has interviewed Mr. Michael 
Davitt with reference to the bankruptcy 
notice served upon him, at the instance 
of Mr. Pierce Mahony, for costs in con- 
nection with the Meath Election Petition. 
Mr. Davitt says that all he possesses 
may be s-ized, but his possessions are 
not of great value, and he had certainly 
not means to pay the large demand now 
made upon him. He adds that unless 
the judge is able to grant him a certi- 
ficate of release from this burden of 
costs the end may be that he will be 
adjudicated a bankrupt, and may have to 
resign his seat in Parliament, besides 
being disqualiried from standing again. 

— A Renter's telegram says : — Refer- 
ring to Mr. Blake's speech in the Home 
Rule debate in the Imperial House of 
Commons on Friday last the Foronto 
Mail declares that although special care 
was taken on the establishment of the 
Confederation to safeguard the interests 
of the British settlers in the eastern 
townships of Quebec (which in that pro- 
vince occupy a position analagous to 



that of Protestant Ulster), the result has 
been so far satisfactory, inasmuch as 
Protestants under the Quebec Legisla- 
ture are practically taxed out of existence. 
The 'Veto, in so far as Quebec legislation 
is concerned, is, says the Mtiil, an utter 
sham. The journal concludes as fol- 
lows : — " Unless Mr. Blake explained to 
Parliament that the Confederation is 
harmonious only when it admits all the 
claims advanced by the Catholic Church, 
he gave the House a preposterous, mis- 
leading, and dangerous analogy." 

— In the House of Commons the Lord 
Mayor of Dublin and a number of mem- 
bers of the Corporation, attended in state 
by the civic officers, appeared at the 
bar, and presented the petition recently 
adopted by the Corporation in favour of 
the Home Rule Bill. 

— The Unionist members of the Dub- 
lin Corporation have adopted a petition 
to Parliament against the Home Rule 
Bill The Corporation of Belfast yester- 
day passed a resolution condemning the 
Bill. 

— The Grand Jury of the County 
of Dublin sat in the Four Courts, 
and heard claims for malicious injuries 
by burning. The following awards were 
made : — Dr. John Eustace, Hampstead, 
.£1,000 ; Andrew J. Kettle, Kilmore Cot- 
tage, £1,100 ; Trustees of Artane Indus- 
trial School, £Soo ; Peter Reilly, Rock- 
field, i;6oo ; James Reilly, Kilmore Big, 
£400. These sums are to be levied on 
the county at large. 

— The debate on the motion f.>r the 
second reading of the Home Rule Bill 
was resumed by Mr. Goschen, who 
made the principal speech of the night. 
The debate was again adjourned at mid- 
night, on the motion of Lord Randolph 
Churchill. 

— Unionist meeting was held in Lis- 
burn. Mr. George H. Clarke, J. P., 
presided, and Lord Templetown was 
among the speakers. 

- Unionist meeting was held in Mal- 
low, and it was decided to form a 
Unionist Club. Delegates were also 
elected to attend the Albert Hall de- 
monstration. 

— The Glasgow Chamber of Com- 
merce decided by eighty-nine to 
eleven to petition the House of Com- 
mons to reject the Home Rule Bill, 
believing that the measure would lead 
to confusion, disturbance in national 
finance, and to injury of general credit, 
and thereby be detrimental to the com- 
mercial relations of Great Britain and 
Ireland. 

— At a special meeting of the 
Belfast Corporation the following 
resolution was passed : — " That this 
Council hereby records its conviction 
that the establishment of a separate 
Parliament for Ireland, as proposed by 
the Government of Ireland Bill now 
before the House of Commons, would be 



134 



NOTES FROM IRELAND. 



ruinous to Ireland and disastrous to 
Great Britain, would weaken the influ- 
ence of England both at home and 
abroad, destroy the safeguards of civil 
and religious liberty in Ireland, unsettle 
and injure the trade and commerce of 
the country, and cause financial con- 
fusion ; and we protest in the strongest 
manner against the said Bill." 

18.— Mr. William Saunders, M.P. 
(Gladstonian), has definitely decided to 
vote against the Home Rule Bill. 

— A meeting of the Unionist women 
of South Tyrone was held at Clogher to 
protest against the Home Rule Bill. 
Mrs. Ellison Macartney presided. 

— Mr. Balfour, Mr. Chamberlain, and 
Sir Henry James received a depu- 
tation from the Presbyterian Church 
in Ireland against Home Rule. Rev. 
Dr. Orr said should a Home Rule Act 
ever disgrace the Statute Book — which 
God forbid- the responsibility for the 
anarchy which would ensue would rest 
on the head of those who robbed loyal 
Irishmen of their dearest birthright. 
Professor Petticrew and Mr. Megaw 
spoke to similar effect. Mr. Balfour 
expressed gratification for the expression 
they had given to the views of the Pres- 
byterians of Ireland. Mr. Chamberlain 
regretted the action of .Vlr. Gladstone in 
refusing to receive the deputation, and 
said the fact was that Mr. Gladstone 
only cared to receive deputations who 
shared his own views. He believed if 
they could force the Government to a 
fresh election the verdict of the last 
would be reversed. Sir Henry James 
also expressed sympathy with the views 
of the deputation. 

— In the House of Commons numer- 
ous petitions were presented against the 
Home Rule Bill, including the petition 
of the graduates of Dublin University, 
presented by Mr. David Plunket. 

— Mr. Balfour was the principal 
speaker at a meeting held at Limehouse, 
London, to protest against the Home 
Rule Bill. The Earl of Cadogan pre- 
sided, and there were about 5,000 persons 
present. 

— The Royal Dublin Society's Spring 
Cattle Show was opened in the Society's 
premises. Ball's Bridge. 

19. — The Marquis of Salisbury pre- 
sided at the annual meeting of the Grand 
Habitation of the Primrose League in 
London. Speaking on the subject of the 
Home Rule Bill, he said that should 
their opponents, after the rejection of 
the measure by the House of Lords, 
re-introduce it without going to a general 
election, the House of Lords would cer- 
tainly reject it again, while Unionists 
would gain time to impress upon the 
minds of the constituencies the real 
truths and interests at issue in this great 
struggle of ages. Dealing with the 
finances of the Bill, he said the measure, 
if carried, would destroy the wealth of 
both countries and reduce Ireland to 
something like bankruptcy. The pro- 
posal would also reduce Ireland to civil 
war, letting Ulster alone altogether. He 
pointed to the opposition to the Bill 



offered by the Nonconformists and the 
cultured and enterprising Roman Catho- 
lics in Ireland and business men of 
London and Glasgow, and said they had 
to save the liberty of their Loyalist 
friends in Ireland, who were threatened 
by a more terrible danger than in their 
history had ever menaced them. A 
resolution protesting against the Bill was 
carried. 

— Moonlighting outrage at Knock- 
toosh, Co. Limerick. House of farmer 
fired into, and the man seriously injured. 

— In the House of Commons a num- 
ber of petitions were presented against 
the Government of Ireland Bill, and one 
of them from the Mayor and Corporation 
of Belfast was, on the motion of Sir 
Edward Harland, who presented it, read 
by the clerk at the table. The debate on 
the second reading was resumed by Mr. 
Rentoul, and the speakers during the 
evening were Mr. Leng, Mr. Scott- 
Montague, Mr. W. Saunders, and Mr. 
Horace Plunkett. 

— A largely attended meeting of 
Unionists was held at Athboy. Sir 
Montagu Chapman, Bart., presided, and 
speeches were delivered by Major 
Everard, Colonel Kearney, Mr. D. J. 
Wilson, Mr. Claude Coghill, and others. 
A resolution protesting against the Home 
Rule Bill was passed, and a petition 
ordered to be forwarded to the House of 
Commons. It was also resolved to 
establish a branch of the Irish Unionist 
Alliance for the polling districts of Ath- 
boy, Ballivor. and Crossakiel. 

— Lord Ardilaun presided at the 
annual meeting of the Beaconsfield Habi- 
tation of the Primrose League in the 
Antient Concert Rooms. 

20. — Numerous further petitions 
against Home Rule were presented in 
the House of Commons. The total 
number of petitions against the Bill up 
to this date is 1,864, bearing 583,700 odd 
signatures. According to the last report 
of the committee, of S45 petitions pre- 
sented 419 came from England, I from 
Wales, 13 from Scotland, 411 from Ire- 
land, and I from Switzerland. 

— Mr. Gladstone has returned to a 
Cork jeweller the present of a gold pen- 
dant, set with fragments of the lead of 
the bullets of the police, by which three 
men were killed at Mitchelstown in 1887, 
and bearing the inscription, " Remember 
Mitchelstown." 

— Theophilus Bennett, farmer. King's 
County, who was savagely beaten in his 
house recently by moonlighters, has suc- 
cumbed to the injuries received. 

— The Plan of Campaign tenants on 
Lord Templemore's estate have lodged 
their rent in the Munster and Leinster 
Bank. 

21. — In the House of Commons more 
than half an hour was occupied with the 
presentation of petitions against the 
Home Rule Bill. One of these bore 
200,000 signatures. Another, rolled on 
a gilt pole and tied with crimson ribbon, 
was that of 25,000 women of the North- 
west of Ireland. 



— The adjourned debate on the Bill 
was resumed by Sir Henry James, who 
delivered a powerful speech against it. 
He was followed by Sir Edward Harland 
and four or five others, and then Mr. 
Balfour addressed the House. Mr. 
Gladstone replied, closing his speech at 
one a.m. The division was taken amidst 
great excitement, with the result that 
347 voted for the second reading, and 
304 against, the majority for the Bill 
being 43. The House immediately after- 
wards adjourned. 

— Many of the Irish delegates to the 
great Albert Hall demonstration left 
Dublin for London, where a numerous 
body had already arrived. 

— The Earl of Derby died at his seat, 
Knowsley, Lancashire. He is succeeded 
in the title and estates by his brother. 
Lord Stanley, of Preston, at present 
Governor-General of Canada. 

— A large meeting of Unionists wa& 
held at Portarlington to protest against 
the Home Rule Bill. Lord Portarling- 
ton occupied the chair, and speeches 
were delivered by Lord Mayo, Mr. 
Dunne, J. P. ; Mr. E. Dease, D.L. ; Cap- 
tain Weldon, and others. Resolutions 
were passed pledging the meeting to 
support the Union, and condemning the 
Bill as destructive not only of the peace 
and prosperity of Ireland, but disastrous 
to the interests of the Empire at large. 

— Unionist meeting held in Lame. 
Lord Magheramorne presided, and Lord 
Templetown was among the speakers. 

22. — The Albert Hall demonstration 
in London this afternoon was a great 
and striking success. Twelve hundred 
delegates, representing the Unionism of 
the Four Provinces of Ireland, attended. 
In addition to the Irish Loyalist dele- 
gates, a large assemblage of English 
sympathisers were present. The Duke 
of Abercorn presided and delivered a 
very effective opening speech. The first 
resolution was moved by the Bishop of 
Derry, seconded by the Earl of Fingall, 
and supported by Mr. R. MacGeagh, J.P., 
of Belfast, and the Right Hon. John 
Atkinson. The next was moved by the 
Moderator of the Presbyterian General 
Assembly, seconded by Sir Jas. Haslett, 
of Belfast, and supported by .Mr. Edwin 
Hall, of Cork. Mr. J. R. Wigham and 
Mr. T. Sinclair, of Belfast, also addressed 
the meeting. The demonstration was 
most impressive and altogether unique. 
Lavish hospitality was extended to the 
delegates, this being under the manage- 
ment of a Ladies' Reception Committee. 

— Irish Unionist delegates enter- 
tained at numerous London clubs. 
Lord Randolph Churchill presided 
at the Constitutional Club ovel" the 
banquet given to sixty of the Irish 
Unionist delegates. In proposing the 
toast of " One United Kingdom," his 
Lordship compared Mr. Gladstone to a 
very elderly political coryphee, who, 
with many antics and pirouettes, tried 
to lead the dance of death for nations, 
but he had now ceased to charm on the 
political stage. 

— The Duke of Devonshire presided 
at a dinner at St. James's Hall, London, 
given to two hundred of the Irish dele- 



KOTES FROM IRELAND. 



135 



gates who attended the demonstration. 
He referred with regret to the death of 
Lord Derby. He said the Unionists 
were not despondent through the second 
reading of the Home Rule Bill, because 
they firmly believed that Home Rule 
was no nearer than before When the 
people of England realised the purport 
of this measure they would not sanction 
such an insidious and deadly blow at the 
efficiency of parliamentary government. 

— At various places in Ulster there 
have been displays of excitement caused 
by the Home Rule Bill. There was con- 
siderable rioting in Belfast, which was 
prolonged into the early hours of Sunday 
morning. The windows of several houses 
were smashed, the public-house of a man 
named Connolly suffering particularly in 
this way. The police made several baton 
charges, and some of them were hurt by 
the stone throwing. 

— A bog belonging to Lord Drogheda 
in County Kildare was set on fire, it is 
supposed, in celebration of the division 
on the Home Rule Bill. Similar out- 
rages are reported from the vicinity of 
Lurgan. 

24. — In the House of Commons the 
Chancellor of the Exchequer made his 
Budget statement. He reviewed at 
length the financial affairs of the past 
year. In dealing with the present year 
he said he regretted to find he had a 
deficit of upwards of a million and a 
half, which there was no means of meet- 
ing except by increased taxation. He 
would, therefore, propose to increase the 
income tax by one penny in the pound. 



He had arrived at the conclusion that 
an increase of indirect taxation under 
the presf nt circumstances was not pos- 
sible, and, therefore, proposed this small 
addition to the income-tax, as it would 
secure the required sum with the 
smallest amount of disturbance to trade. 
He proposed to abolish the stamp on 
foreign bonds, which, although estimated 
to realise ;/^ 200,000, only realised last 
year ;f6o,ooo. Against that he proposed 
to put a shilling contract stamp instead 
of a sixpenny one ; but if the House did 
not care to accept the change the matter 
would be left as at present. 

— The twelve hundred Irish Loyalist 
delegates in London were entertained at a 
garden party at Hatfield by the Marquis 
and Marchioness of Salisbury. Speeches 
were delivered in the grounds by Lord 
Salisbury, the Duke of Devonshire, the 
Duke of Abercorn, Mr. Chamljerlain, Mr. 
Goschen, Mr. Balfour, Colonel Saunderson, 
and others. The delegates were conveyed 
from London to Hatfield by a succession 
of special trains. The speeches delivered by 
the distinguished host and the other emi- 
nent leaders of the Unionist Party were 
most inspiriting, and the visitors were 
deeply impressed by the hospitality ex- 
tended to them, and by the thorough 
fraternity of feeling which was evinced by 
their English co-Unionists. 

25. — Appeals were made by the Rev. 
Dr. Kane and the Rev. Dr. Lynd to the 
Queen's Island workmen to abstain from 
any display of violence or disorder ; and. 
in the course of the day, they were ad- 
dressed by Mr. Wolff, M.P., one of the 



members of the firm of Harland and Wolff, 
who had come back specially from London 
for the purpose, and who pointed out that 
any display of violence would only injure 
the Unionist cause. 

— A manifesto was issued by the local 
branch of the National Federation, ad- 
dressed to the Nationalists, couched in 
inflammatory language, but concluding with 
advice to light no bonfires, to take out no 
bands, and to continue to maintain peace, 
order, and sobriety at all hazards. 

— A deputation from the Irish delegates 
in London, for the purpose of protesting 
against the Home Rule Bill, waited upon 
the Lord Maycjr of that city to present an 
address, in which it was set forth that the 
Home Rule proposals were not a mere 
matter of party politics to those who lived 
in Ireland, liut went to the very roots of 
their personal and social well-being. The 
address was read by Mr. W. G. Cox, 
Secretary of the Irish Unionist Alliance. 
It protested against any constitutional 
change, and intimated that Irish Unionists 
felt confident that their present appeal 
would not be heard in vain. Lord Lon- 
donderry introduced the deputation. Sir 
Wm Ewart also spoke The Lord Mayor, 
in reply, expressed much sympathy with 
the Unionists of Ireland, and said he hoped 
the Bill would be destroyed by Constitu- 
tional methods. 

— The Protestant curate of Skibbereen 
has been attacked and stoned by a mob of 
Nationalists. 

— The business premises of Mr. 
R. Waugh, .Skibbereen, Unionist, were 
wrecked. 



POINTS PROM THE ALBERT HALL 
MEETING. 



"The (Home Rule) Bill pronounced on Ireland the 
sentence of jierpetual poverty— poverty only relieved 
by the taxation received from alcoholic stimulants." 

" It proclaimed a truceless war between classes, 
between races, and between creeds.'' 

" It was an example of Imperial impotence, and 
would shake to its foundations the great fabric of the 
Empire." — Didr of Abercorn. 

" This Bill was a great betrayal and a great fallacy." 

"Noble-minded Roman Catholics were as loyal to 
the Queen and Constitution as were the Protestants." 

" There was no justice, no righteousness in the Bill." 

" It jockeyed the poor policeman and cheated the 
poor civil servant ; it poured out its shoddy gifts and 
lavished its shabby benedictions upon those only who 
were dishonest and untrustworthy." — The Bishop of 
Derry. 

"He was sure that Protestant England would in- 
crease her efforts in resistance to the Bill when she 
realised that almost all the English Roman Catholics 
and a large number of Irish Catholics were bitterly 
opposed to it." — The Earl of Fingall. 

"The Home Rule sentiment, pure and simple, is a 
fraud, begotten of credulity and greed. The Home 
Rule movement lingered and languished till it became 
the accomplice and hireling of the Land League." — 
Robert MacGeagh. 

" This Home Rule Bill is not the product, and 



cannot satisfy the aspirations, of any form of patriotism. 
It is the misshapen child of lust for power and peasant 
greed. It is either a humiliation or a fraud." 

"What of the leaders of the .Nationalists? They 
are, with one exception the men wlio founded the 
Land and National Leagues, and launched them on 
their career of tyranny, plunder, intimidation, and, 
whether anticipated or not, in the result, crime ; who 
were by the Parnell Commission found guilty of having 
established and joined in the Land League Organisa- 
tion, intending by its means to bring about the absolute 
independence of Ireland as a separate nation." 

" This Bill, if passed at all, will be passed, not by 
the voice of England, nor yet that of Great Britain, 
whose members we are told would represent us, but 
by the votes of those who are to get the loot."— John 
Atkinson., Q.C. 

" If Mr. Gladstone knew the country whose destiny 
he is now trying to dispose of with so light a heart, he 
would know that the cleavage in Ireland is mainly due 
to the policy of the Roman Catholic priesthood, who 
do their best, as my Roman Catholic countrymen here 
to day will acknowledge, to keep Protestants and 
Romanists apart." 

" I do trust that if the English people decide that 
these men (the Irish Nationalists) shall be our masters 
they will delay the estabhshment of Home Rule until 
our governors have been sent to some primary school 
of pohtical econony, and obtain a little qualification 
for their office."— J7;(? Rev. /?. M'Cheyne Edgar, D.T). 
George W. Ruxton. 



NOTES FROM IRELAND. 



OUTRAGES IN NEIGHBOURHOOD OP NEWCASTLE-WEST. 



1893. 
Feb. 19. 



Feb. 26. 
March 22. 

March 31. 

March 31. 
April 2. 

April 2. 
April 3. 

April 2. 
April 7. 



April 15. 

April 15. 
April 15. 
April 15. 
April 18. 



.In. Donohue, Boola. 
near Broadford. 



Same. 

Waterford & Lime- 
rick Railway. 



Edward Winters, 
Gortnaclohy. 



Patrick Herlihy, 
Gortnaclohy. 



Edward Winters. 



Patrick HerUhy. 



Philip Manning. 
Newcastle West. 



Richard Plummer, 
Mauricetown. 

David Geary, 
Mahoonagh. 



Mary Brown, 
Raheenagh. 



Richard Barry, 

Inniskeen. 
Thos. Davis, 

Kilcoora. 
Wm. Quirke and 

2 sons. 
Benj. Hromahan. 



Moonlighting. 



Same. 



Stone thrown from Garry- 
duff railway bridge at 
train, breaking window 
of guard's van. 

Sixty yards of fence 
thrown down, and shape 
of a coffin and gun cut 
in field. 

Threatening notice re- 
quiring Herhhy to 
remove his cattle from 
VA'inters' land. 

Threatening notice on 
chapel wall warning all 
persons against dealing 
with Winters, or, failing 
to comply, to receive a 
visit from Capt. Moon- 
light. 

Threatening letter warn- 
ing him to give up 
grazing lands of Ed. 
Winters. 

Incendiary fire of hay,_;^ 2 o 
compensation sought. 



Letter threatening death 

unless he left Ed. 

Winters' employment. 
Explosion of blasting 

powder at Geary's door 

at night. 



Alleged Cai:se. 



Moonlight raid — de- 
manded and got gun — 
three shots fired into 
house. 

Moonlight raid — de- 
manded and got gun. 

Moonlight raid — de- 
manded gun. 

Ahead}' reported. 



Intended burglary. 



To deter injured party 
in above from giving 
evidence at Assizes. 
In consequence of Co. 
running a special for 
Unionist meeting at 
Limerick. 
Winters obtained a 
possession warrant at 
DrumcoUogher Petty 
Sessions against a care- 
taker named Gaffney. 
Same. 



Same, 



Same. 



Manning some time 
since evicted two 
families from a house 
which he required for 
the purpose of carry- 
ing on business as a 
butcher. 

Cause as above. 



A dispute existing be- 
tween James Irwin 
andMrs. O'Callaghan, 
the former as road 
contractor claiming a 
right to open a quarry 
on Mrs. O'Callaghan's 
land. Geary has 
allowed Irwin's men 
to take their meals in 
his house. 

To obtain arms, similar 



Resu lt of Police Enquiries. 



Four men arrested and 
returned for trial at 

Limerick Spring As- 
sizes — acquitted. 

Nil. 



Nil. 

[N.B.— Though Chaiimau of 
the Limerick and Kerry Rail- 
way I was nePer infonued of 
this and feel doubtfnl about 
it. — B. W. M.] 

Nil. 



Nil. 



Nil. 



Nil. 



Nil. 



Nil. 
Nil. 



Nil. 



attack about 2 years 




ago. 




To obtain arms. 


Nil. 


same. 


Nil. 



Do. 



do. 



PubJished by the Irish UnionibT Alliance, at their t ubliii offices, 109 Giaftou Street, and Lundon Offices, 26 Palace Chambers. Westmins' er S. W. 



NOTES FROM IRELAND 



•^^* A Record of the sayings and doings of the Home Rule Parties in the furtherance of their " Separatist " Policy 
for Ireland ; and of facts connected with the country. For the information of the Imperial Parliament, the Press, 
and the Public generally. 



No. 18. — Vol. 1. — New Series. 



fiTH MAY, 1893. 



Price Id. 



ffiontenta. 

The ARCHBi.=iHnp ov Dcblin on Home Rule 

The M.iTHEW Commission — Allegeii Incendiarism ... 

The Almighty Blunderbuss— Judre Shaw on 
Moonlighting — Another Tipperary Outrage — 
Shocking Outrage in South Kilkenny 

Anotheh Moonlighting Outrage in Clare— "The 
SUB.IECT of Numerous Discussions " — Curious 
Outrage near Cukranr — Opposition to Home 
Rule 

The Belfast Disturbances 

Irish Landlords and their Incomer — Home Rule 
AT Killarnet 

A Diurnal ... ... 

The Ruin OF the "Freeman's .louRNAL " 

A Legal Opinion on THE Home Rule Bill 

Home Rule IN MiNHTURE ... .. 



page 
137 
138 



140 
141 

142 
143 
145 
146 
148 



THE ARCHBISHOP OF DUBLIN ON 
HOME RULE. 



(From the Bradford Daily Argu!', 26th April, 1893.) 

For nn hour or two yesterday the Archbishop of 
Dublin was in Bradford. His visit to the Vicar of 
Bankfoot was essentially of a private nature, but seeing 
what weight must attach to his opinions on the matter, 
it was to be regretted that his Grace was unable to 
publicly express his views on the burning question of 
the hour, just at such a critical period in the great 
Irish controversy. It was with the idea of, to some 
extent, supplying this deficiency that I sought an inter- 
view with Dublin's Primate, and though the duration 
of the visit was very limited, Lord Plunket readily and 
with every courtesy consented to communicate a brief 
idea of what he, with his valuable experience and wide 
opportunities of reliable judgment, thought of the 
Prime Minister's scheme. He received me in the 
comfortable library of the vicarage at which he was 
staying with the proverbial affability and kindliness of 
the Irish gentleman that he jirides himself on being. 
Here are his views, expressed with fluency it is true, 
yet sternly practical and marked with a deliberative- 
ness that bespoke careful and unbiassed study : — "The 
Bill," his lordship began, " is looked upon with great dis- 
favour by a large number of all classes and of all creeds. 
They are a minority, it is true, but at the same time 
they represent the intelligence, the education, and the 
standing of the people of Ireland more than the 
majority ; and they, I think, have just as much right to 
be looked upon as part of the Irish people as the 
others. I think there has been a great mistake in the 
tendency to describe them as being aliens. In no sense 
are they an Unglish garrison, /!<■ they have been termed 
by some. Tliey are fust as true Irishmen as the. rest of 



their fello^v-countrymen. Why do they protest against 
the Bill ? Because they claim there is no grievance 
that calls for such a measure. .\ great many people 
have been discussing the details of the Bill. But the 
principal point is this — why should there be such a 
Bill at all ? The people of Ireland were beginning to 
live together with more harmony and peace and good- 
will than ever before, and they were beginning to 
understand themselves and the people of England far 
better than hitherto. The last six years of the late 
Government have to my mind clearly shoiim that firm 
resistance to any breach of the lmc\ and at the same time 
a generous interest in the practical welfare oj the coun- 
try, was the true method of bringing about the much- 
desired peace and prosperity in Ireland And just at 
this moment, when everything was looking so hopeful, 
this bone of contention has been thrown into the midst 
of us, and we are threatened with the gloomy prospect 
of discord and possibly civil war. And then we 
naturally ask— what is the grievance which is to be re- 
dressed ? What is there that Ireland would gain under 
Home Rule that she has not access to under the 
Imperial Parhament ? The penal laws have been 
abolished ; religious ascendency has been done away 
with ; the landlords in Ireland are more favourable to 
the tenants than in any other part of the world ; and 
the Irish representatives, holding the balance of power 
at Westminster, are able to obtain more for themselves 
than any other party of the United Kingdom. That 
being so, what I ask is — Where is the ground upon 
which this revolutionary measure can be based ? The 
mere fact that some of the Irish people wish for it 
ought not surely to be sufficient reason for this con- 
cession. And as I have already said, there is a very 
large minority who are determinedly opposed to it. 
The people wlio have wished for Home Rule do not for the 
most part understand what if m.ans, and they hare been 
led to expect from if the most extravagant results. In 
fact, many of them believe they will obtain great wealth 
with little or no effort to deserve it, and some of them 
desire entire separation ; but very few, even among 
those who have voted for it, really care for Home 
Rule itself I believe that some of the tenant-farmers 
are beginning to fear lest the result will injure them- 
selves. You see they can have no sympathy with Mr. 
Davitt's idea of nationalisation of tlie land. Indeed, 
some of the Roman hierarchy are, I believe, beginning 
to be afraid of the .spectre they themselves have raised. I 
believe that the protest of the Roman Catholics them- 
sel. es against the Bill is being freely signed by those re- 
presenting in the main the intelligence and standing of 
the members of that community in Ireland. IVith regard 
to thnse generally iph(i are opposed to Hotne Rule, a large 
proportion are determined that they will resist it to the 



138 



NOTES FROM IRELAND. 



death, and a resistance, based upon a real grievance, is 
sure in the end to assert its superiority over empty claims 
based upon an imaginary rvrong. And, therefore, so 
far as I am concerned, though I anticipate much 
trouble, and, possibly, conflict in my country, I feel 
quite sure that in the end Home Rule will never be- 
come a reality. I have stated these opinions to you 
(and I should like to make this clear, added his Grace), 
not as belonging to any class or creed ; not as a bishop ; 
and not as a landlord, but as an Irishman who loves 
his country, and would be ready if there were any real 
injustice to be redressed to make great sacrifices, but, 
who at the same time protests against the idea of his 
country being sacrificed to that which he beheves to be 
a sham." 



THE MATHBW COMMISSION. 

PLAIN WORDS FROM LORD LONDONDERRY— 
"NOTHING SHORT OV A PUBLIC SCANDAL." 

In the House of Lords on Monday, ist May, the 
Marquis of Londonderry, resuming the debate upon the 
question put on Friday to the Government as to the 
recommendations of the Mathew Commission, com- 
mented in strong terms upon the conduct of the 
Government. Although the question was put and 
discussed at great length by Lord Camperdown, who 
was supported by the Earl of Selborne, the reply was 
of the briefest kind, and was contained on a half sheet 
of writing paper, probably written out for him by some 
clerk in the Irish Office. Never in the annals of 
responsible government had any member of the Gov- 
ernment been called upon to defend a Commission so 
extraordinary and so monstrous in its character. It 
was nothing short of a public scandal that the Mathew 
Commission should ever have been issued, and the 
report which they had formulated amounted to a re- 
warding of men who were not only dishonest in 
principle, but who had been guilty of crime. To take 
a judge of the land from the performance of his official 
duties, to preside over such a Commission, appeared 
to him something Hke making the judge an aider and 
abettor of crime. (Cheers.J Noble Lords opposite 
displayed a singular reticence with regard to the Plan 
of Campaign. Did they or did they not agree with 
the judges of the land and the Pope of Rome, who 
had all condemned this conspiracy as illegal and 
immoral ? He knew well that the members of the 
Government dare not denounce the supporters of the 
Plan of Campaign, who were now their strongest sup- 
porters. He maintained that this Commission was 
issued for the sole purpose of whitewashing these sup- 
porters of the Government, and if that were so it would 
account for some of the extraordinary proceedings of 
this most extraordinary Commission. The Prime 
Minister and other members of the Government had 
even gone so far as to excuse the criminal conspiracy 
known as the Plan of Campaign. He noticed the 
singular conduct of Mr. Justice Mathew in opening the 
Commission. It was the fashion to attack Lord 
Clanricarde as a harsh and rack-renting landlord, but, 
although he did not know his lordship, he had a great 



deal of experience when he was Lord Lieutenant of 
Ireland of the management of Lord Clanricarde's 
estates. This was the first time that he had had an 
opportunity of speaking upon the matter, but he denied 
most positively that Lord Clanricarde was either a harsh 
or rack-renting landlord. Much of his land was low 
rented — so low rented that the tenants had only in a 
few instances thought it policy to go into a Land 
Court to get a fair rent fixed. Those that had gone 
into these courts had had their rents reduced so little 
that others had not considered it worth their while to 
follow their example. But whether Lord Clanricarde 
was a just or harsh landlord he was entitled to a fair 
trial and fair treatment, and more particularly was he 
entitled to justice at the hands of the judge trying him. 
(Cheers.) He commented upon the testimony given 
before the Commission, and of its worthless character 
owing to the want of cross-examination. Of the nine 
recommendations of the Commission Mr. Morley 
objected to three. Mr. M'Hugh had embodied a 
number of the recommendations in his Bill for dealing 
with the evicted tenants, but even he did not dare to 
put into his proposals the recommendation of the 
Commission that boards of guardians should have the 
]30wer of stocking evicted farms out of the rates. Mr. 
M'Hugh was wise in not venturing upon such a pro- 
posal. (Hear, hear.) Although many persons were 
called to give testimony before the Commission, others 
who could have given important evidence were con- 
spicuous by their absence. Mr. Dillon, however, was 
called, and he confessed his inability to explain a 
deficiency of ^'14,000 in the fund with which he is con- 
nected. Mr. Parnell seemed to have taken a very 
accurate view of the financial capabilities of his fol- 
lowers. When speaking in the House of Commons 
upon proposals in regard to the powers of Board of 
Guardians to spend money, he said, " I am not going 
to have the money squandered and spent by a parcel 
of idiots." (Laughter.) These very men spent 
;,^i5,ooo in building New Tipperary only to find when 
they had done so that they had no title in the land 
upon which it had been built ; yet it was to men of 
such financial capacity that the Government were now 
anxious to trust the wealth, industry, and prosperity of 
Ireland. He contended that Mr. Morley was com- 
manded to issue this Commission by his Irish allies, 
who dictated and controlled the whole of the pro- 
cedure ; but Sir James Mathew, in lending himself to 
these proceedings, had dealt a blow at the impartiahty 
of the English Bench which it would take a very long 
time to obliterate. (Cheers.) — Irish Times, 2nd May. 
1893. 



ALLEGED INCENDIARISM. 



At Firies a short time ago two large ricks of hay and 
a farm-house were burned. The owners allege that 
the burning was the work of incendiaries, and Patrick 
Flyn is about to apply for jQio for a house and Jere- 
miah Teahan £,40 for hay. — Kerry Evening Post, 
29th April, 1893. 



NOTES FROM IRELAND. 



THE ALMIGHTY BLUNDERBUSS. 



SOME SUGGESTIVE ALLUSIONS. 

A MEETING of the Evicted Tenants' Association was 
held on Saturday at 41 Old George's Street, Cork. . 
Mr. James O'Connor referred to the intention of the 
House of Lords to debate the Evicted Tenants' Com- 
mission question, and to the expressed wish of Lord 
Camperdown to inquire whether the Government 
iiitended»to bring in a Bill based on the recommenda- 
tions of the Commission. Whether this was to be done 
for the purpose of embarrassing the Government he was 
not aware. The evicted tenants had been asking the 
Government to bring in a Bill based on the recom- 
mendations of tlie Commission, not for the purpose of 
embarrassing the Government, but to get it out of 
embarrassment and to get the tenants out of a very 
bad position. There must be legislation, or the tenants 
W'uld hai>( to make the agitation a tittle bit more 
difficult for the grabbers, and for everybody who inter- 
fered with the evicted tenants' interests. No Bill would 
settle the question, except one for the reinstatement of 
the tenants on the basis of compulsory purchase at a 
fair price to be fixed by a special tribunal, or by the 
Land Commission. The landlords, under this arrange- 
ment, could not object to tenants on the grounds that 
they might afterwards prove troublesome, as once the 
purchase took place they would have no more to do 
with each other. The passing of such a measure would 
do more than anything else to stop the firing that had 
been going on in Clare. But if nothing ^cere "one, he 
feared that the firing would extend, perhaps, to other 
places than Clare, \^'hen the tenants were too quiet 
the landlords would do nothing and the grabbers 
would not care about anybody. It was scandalous 
that grabbing should go on all over the country without 
protest from the men who should come on the spot to 
denounce it — the men who were elected on the evicted 
tenants' ticket, and who got into ]30wer through 
them. And it was disgraceful to see tenants starving, 
and not a penny being given them by anybody. — 
United Ireland, 2gth April, 1893. 



is another case of the same sort, which will not be 
before you, but which has been the subject of investiga- 
tion by the police. It is a very sad thing that there 
should be a recurrence of that cowardly and brutal 
form of outrage. It is perfectly impossible tliat such 
a state of things should be allowed to exist in any 
civilized community. If people are not allowed to 
pursue their ordinary avocations, and get their natural 
rest without danger of being visited by bands of ruffians 
for the purpose of threatening and causing perhaps 
worse evils, it would be intolerable. No community 
could exist in such a state of things, and no matter 
who may have control of the law it is perfectly clear it 
is a matter that must be put down with a stern hand. 
You will see the depositions, and it will be for you to 
say whether there is a prima facie case made out. I 
need not say that you are not trying the prisoner's 
guilt ; but you are trying if the Crown has made a 
sufficient case to put the prisoners on trial. As to the 
other cases I need say nothing ; but I sincerely hope 
I that the question of this moonlighting is not the begin- 
ning of a new outbreak of that crime, but that it is only 
an accident as it were ; and I hope that every man 
within my hearing, and in the County of Kerry, who 
has regard to the peace and prosperity and character 
of the county, will set his face against any renewal of 
that class of crime, and do his best to put it down. 
— Kerry Evening Post,' 26ih April, 1893. 



JUDGE SHAW ON MOONLIGHTING. 



County Court Judge Shaw, QC, opened the business 
of the Tralee Quarter Sessions, yesterday (^Monday). 

His honor, addressing the (Jrand Jury, said- 
Mr. Foreman, and Gentlemen of the Grand 
Jury, there are only four cases to go before 
vou, and as to three of them I need say 
nothing at all, because two of them are cases of 
larceny and one of assault — the ordinary cases that 
may be expected to arise in a community like this, or 
in anv community as long as men are men. But there 
is one case to go before you of a very serious nature, 
and I am glad to say it is the first of the kind that has 
come before me as long as I have been County Court 
Judge here ; but I am sorry to say it is a sort of case 
that is not wholly unknown in Kerry. That is a case 
of what is known as moonlighting. In this month there 
was a ver\' bad case of moonlighting in the neighbour- 
hood of Castleisland, and I am sorry to say that there 



ANOTHER TIPPBRARY OUTRAGE. 



A FEW days since the house of Martin Day, a care- 
taker, was mahciously set fire to and burned to the 
ground. It may be remembered that Day is the 
caretaker (in the employment of Mr. Hanly, of Thurles), 
who was shot through the face on the 19th February 
last. The unfortunate man now suffers from partial 
lock-jaw, and takes his food with great difficulty. The 
usual notices for mahcious injury have been served, 
and ;^ioo damages claimed. — JriKh Times, ist May, 
1893. 



SHOCKING OUTRAGE IN SOUTH 
KILKENNY. 



THE TAILS CUT OFF TWELVE COWS AND 
HEIFERS. 

New Ross, Thursday. 
The particulars have just reached here of a shocking 
outrage which occurred a couple of nights ago at a 
place called Ballybeg, about three miles from this town, 
when twelve head of cattle of different kinds, belonging 
to a farmer named Michael Roche, were mutilated in 
a disgraceful manner by their tails being cut off, and on 
the same occasion a large stone was thrown through 
the window of his bedroom, and narrowly escaped 
striking himself and his wife, who were in bed at the 
time. The news of this outrage has shocked the whole 
county. Mr. Roche and his family have lived in the 
place for many years, and were generally supposed to 
be popular. They are Catholics and extensive farmers, 
and gave a great deal of employment in the locality. 



140 



NOTES FROM IRELAND. 



The cattle mutilated consist of four cows and eight 
heifers, and the tails of all are cut off close to the rump. 
Mr. Roche states that it was about daybreak when it 
took place, and the first noise that called his attention 
to what was going on was not the moaning of the 
cattle, but the crashing through his bedroom window of 
a large stone which struck with great force against the 
bed in which himself and his wife were sleeping. In- 
formation of the affair was conveyed to the police at 
Rosbercon as soon as possible, and Sergeant Burke, 
Sergeant i^Ieighan, and a number of constables were 
immediately on the scene. They took notes of Mr. 
Roche's statement. They are at present engaged in 
hunting up the evidence that may lead to the detection 
of the perpetrators of the outrage. Yesterday Mr. 
Roche also made an information before Mr. Nicholas 
Lambert, J. P., Dysertmore House, and to-day the 
usual notices for the purpose of claiming compensation 
have been served.— //vV; Times, 28th April, 1893. 



ANOTHER MOONLIGHTING OUT- 
RAGE IN CLARE. 



On Saturday night, 29th ult., between nine and ten 
o'clock, two revolver shots were fired through the 
kitchen windowofthe dwelling houseof Mr. John Walsh, 
at Migordna Cross, shattering the glass, but fortunately 
not doing injury to any of the inmates. Walsh 
and his wife were in the apartment at the time, and 
had a providential escape, as one of the bullets passed 
quite close to them. Walsh is teacher of the National 
School at Toonagh, three miles from Ennis. He is 
a quiet, respectable man, and the wanton and dastardly 
outrage has evoked a strong feeling of indignation in 
the district. He is a native of West Clare, and got 
married last year. One motive assigned for the attack 
is that he got his wife appointed female teacher in the 
school with himself when others were seeking for the 
situation. It is also said that he wanted to buy the grazing 
of some land in the neighbourhood. The police are 
investigating the case. — Irish Daily Independent, 2nd 
May, 1893. 



THE SUBJECT OP NUMEROUS 
DISCUSSIONS." 



AGRARIAN OUTRAGE AT CLOUGHJORDAN. 

Intelligence was received at Roscrea on Wednesday, 
of an agrarian outrage having been committed beside 
Cloughjordan during Tuesday night. The throat of a 
sire was cut, and a plough removed from the farm of 
Mr. Bergin, of Kylebeg. This holding was formerly in 
the possession of Widow Curry, who was evicted for 
non-payment of rent. Since then Mr. Bergin' s action 
in taking tlie place has been the subject of numerous 
discussions at the local Federationists' meetings. The 
pohce are making a strict investigation of the circum- 
stances.— /w/ii Daily Independent, 4th May, 1893. 



CURIOUS OUTRAGE NEAR 
CURRANS. 



An outrage of an extraordinary character was perpe- 
trated near the village of Currans on Saturday night 
last. It appears that a widow woman in the locality 
has in her employment, as a labourer, an illegitimate 
son of her late husband. His wages, she allowed, get 
into arrear, and on Saturday night, or rather Sunday 
morning, a band of ten men. disguised and armed with 
guns, visited her house, and asked her to imtnediately 
pay the labourer, or agree to give up the land to him. 
She said she would pay him. The men then fired 
several shots, and riddled portions of the inside of the 
house, after which they decamped. The woman states 
that the leader of the marauders must have been well 
acquainted with the house, for when they came in in 
the dark he made his way about with perfect ease. 
The pohce were immediately communicated with, and 
visited the locality. Arrests are expected. — Kerry 
Evening Post, 19th April, 1893. 



OPPOSITION TO HOME RULE. 



ULSTER JUSTIFIED BY DR. CROKE AND 
MR. DAVITT. 
A LETTER which was written by the Roman Catholic 
Archbishop of Cashel, on the 17th February, 1887, 
may be worth recalling at the present moment. The 
letter commenced as follows : — " I enclose /"lo toward 
the Defence Fund, but when is this style of business 
going to cease ? I opposed the No-Rent Manifesto six 
years ago, because, apart from other reasons, I thought it 
was inopportune, and not likely to be generally acted on. 
Had a manifesto against paying taxes been issued at the 
time I should certainly have supported it, on principle. 
I am in precisely the same frame of mind just now." 
Dr. Croke then went on to say : — " Our line of action 
as a people appears to me to be, in this respect, both 
suicidal and inconsistent. We pay taxes to a Govern- 
ment that uses them, not for the public good, and in 
accordance with the declared wishes of the taxpayers, 
but in direct and deliberate opposition to them. We 
thus supply a stick to beat ourselves. We put a whip 
into the hands of men who use it to lash and lacerate 
us. This is suicidal." Speaking a few days afterwards 
at Grangegeeth, Mr. Michael Davitt, now a member of 
the Imperial Legislature, panegyrised this letter, allud- 
ing to " the masculine national poKcy " indicated by 
the Archbishop of Cashel. Now, in the event of a 
Home Rule Parliament being set up — which we 
sincerely trust will never be the case — and in the event 
of the Ulster Unionists refusing, as they have solemnly 
declared they will, to recognise that Parliament, or pay 
taxes to it, what could Dr. Crokeand Mr. Davitt say, one 
with the letter and the other with the panegyric staring 
him in the face ? Ulster Unionists would be very sorry 
to take these two, or any persons like them, as judges ; 
but, in the event of what we have referred to happening, 
it must be admitted that Dr. Croke and Mr. Davitt 
would be very awkwardly situated. Nationalists would 
be the last persons having any right to object to the 
non-payment of taxes by the Unionists, if the Unionists 
thought fit to withhold them." — Belfast News-Letter, 
28th April, 1893. 



NOTES FBOM IRELAM). 



141 



THE BELFAST DISTURBANCES. 



NATIONALIST MENDACITY UNMASKED. 
THE CHIEF SECRETARY GIVES THE PLAIN 

FACTS OF THE CASE. 
The disturbances which in Belfast followed the 
Second Reading of the Home Rule Bill and the 
triumphant street rejoicings of a section of the 
Nationalist inhabitants, out of which so much 
political capital was made by the Nationalist 
journals, although there was neither loss of life 
nor any great destruction of property, have come 
to an end. To an innumerable series of ques- 
tions put by Mr. Se.xton, with the obvious inten- 
tion of confirming the Nationalist reports of the 
occurrences, Mr. Morley replied in the House of 
Commons on Friday the 28th ult., and we give 
extracts from his statement, noticing the more 
important passages. We take the citations from 
the report in the Freeman's Journal of 29th 
April, 1893 : — 

The police interfered promptly and succeeded 
promptly in driving out of the streets the two contend- 
ing parties, each to its own quarter. The mischief at 
Connolly's house, which it is an exaggeration to call 
wrecking and looting, was done by a running or flying 
mob, and the police were in pursuit. The police put 
out the fire which it had been attempted by this mob 
to kindle as they passed, and they dispersed the mob. 
If the police had not been present and active un- 
doubtedly there is every reason to suppose that 
Connolly's house would have been sacked. As for 
the absence of the police from the Queen's Island on 
Monday morning, referred to at the end of the second 
paragraph, the injuries received at the breakfast hour 
were not at all of a serious character. They consisted 
chiefly of blows and cuffs ivith fists, and the whole 
affair, I am informed, did not last two minutes. The 
presence of the police, before any overt act of this kind 
had taken place, would have been largely regarded as 
a demonstration and a provocation, and the I'rotestant 
workers would probably have said to the Catholic 
workers " you ha\e brought the police here and you 
shall go." Anything like premature operation on the 
part of the police would, as I say, have been regarded 
as a demonstration and a provocation, and would, in 
the opinion of those well able to judge, in the long run 
have done more harm than good to the Catholic 
workers at the moment. (Tory cheers, and cries of 
" No, no.'') After what occurred at the breakfast hour, 
and in case there might be Catholics remaining in the 
yard afraid to go home, a force of military and police 
was on the road, and they remained there to afford 
protection to anyone who might need it. 

****** 

As to the Government insisting on the restoration of 
the Catholic workers to their employment, if a con- 
stable were told off for every Catholic worker in 
Belfast, they could not prevent the Protestants de- 
manding the expulsion of their Catholic or other 
unpopular fellow-workers. They only can afford pro- 
tection and trust to the energy of the public opinion 
of Belfast, and resolute action on the part of employers, 
neither of which, I am glad to say, has been wanting 



on this occasion, and I trust that those Jorces icill be 
effect i-ee. My hon. friend will be glad to know that 
many Catholic workers are understood to have returned 
to their employment, and every day we are getting 
information of further returns to employment, and it is 
hoped all bitterness will be allayed, and in the mean- 
time any too active interference or meddling by the 
police would be injurious, and do more harm than 
good. As to the fourth paragraph, three publichouses 
were attacked, windows were broken, and some bottles 
were stolen. The poKce were in time to prevent 
things becoming more serious. Windows, some of 
them cf plate glass, have been broken in about twenty 
houses. No case of injury to a soldier has been 
reported, but one constable was seriously injured at 
the Queen's Island. His temple was fractured by the 
blow of an iron bolt of the kind shown to the house. 
No case of serious injury to a civilian has been i-eported. 
A number of persons have received medical treatment 
for cuts and bruises. As to arrests, we find it very 
difficult to distinguish precisely between arrests con- 
nected with these particular disturbances and general 
disturbances on account of excitement, but we are 
doing our best to have an accurate return prepared. 
In the meantime, about forty-five persons in all have 
been arrested, and of those a large number have been 
detained in custody on remand. 

As regards the eighth paragraph, the police were not 
as a matter of fact withdrawn, but, in the exercise of 
the discretion of those in command, the disposal of 
both soldiers and police was so varied as to enable 
them to act, as they thought, with greater efficienc)'. 
As to the first part of my hon. friend's question, I 
think I have sufficiently answered it. .-\s for the 
measures to be taken by the authorities in Belfast, it 
would, for a reason, which I think my hon. friend and 
the house will understand, be prejudicial in my 
opinion to go into details. As to the measures to be 
adopted, and the use of the military and police for the 
restoration of order, I can only assure my hon. friend 
these measures will be the best that careful forethought 
and experience can suggest, and they were devised 
and ordered with the strictest impartiality, and the 
plans so arranged have been carried out by the authori- 
ties on the spot — the magistrates, the military, and the 
police — at once with prudence and with vigour. And 
it is right to add that, although there have been unfor- 
tunately painful and regrettable exhibitions of a violent 
and unmanly spirit, on the other hand, the local 
leaders on both sides seem to have made active and 
honourable efforts in the cause of peace and order, which 
we may regard now as being satisfactorilv established. 
(Cheers). ' 

I can only say, in answer to my hon. friend, the 
member for Belfast, ( .M r. Arnold- Forster), that I did not 
hear any part of his interrogation upon a question of 
fact upon which I can say •' yes " or " no." The tele- 
gram to which he refer?-ed, as to the restoration of 
Catholics to their employment under the protection of 
their Tivtestant fello7v-7C'orkmen, is, I believe, true. At 
one point Protestant zvorkers did undoubtedly protect their 
Catholic tello7i.i-townsnien. . . As to the tetter 7C'hich 
was addressed to me by the Catholic Bishop of Belfast 
and other gentlemen, that letter was a long document. 



:N0TES FliOM IRELAND. 



and contained^ among other things, four allegations of 
fact. I am making inquiry as to those allegations of 
fact, and, so far as I have yet gone, three out of the four 
of them arc without foundation. (Opposition cheers.) 
As for the assertions in the letter, which my hon. friend 
has communicated to the house, as to partiahty, in- 
competency, and soforth, I need make no inquiry to 
give the most distinct and categorical denial to all 
assertions and intimations of that kind. (Opposition 
cheers.) The jjlans that were laid by the police were 
laid by men of the greatest experience, with perfect 
foresight, and with absolute impartiality, and the result, 
comparing what has happened on this occasion with 
what happened unfortunately on some previous 
occasions in Belfast, shows that the police and the 
authorities are not open to the charges contained in 
that communication, and it will be my duty to inform 
the writer of that letter of that when I come to reply to 
him. (Opposition cheers.) 

Mr. Sexton, subsequently addressing the Chief Sec- 
retary, said : — In consequence of the positive and 
categorical character of the denial which the right hon. 
gentleman has thought proper to give to certain state- 
ments submitted to him by the Catholic Bishop of 
Down and Connor and other gentlemen, acting on 
behalf of the Catholic citizens of Belfast, and as the 
denial of the right hon. gentleman rests upon state- 
ments submitted to him by Mr. Commissioner Single- 
ton, I have to ask him whether he will rest content 
with being the mouthpiece of that deni,al, or whether 
he will allow the Catholic Bishoj) of Belfast, and the 
other Catholics concerned, any opportunity of putting 
their statements to the test of a formal and precise 
inquiry, either by a court of investigation under the 
constabulary code or otherwise ? (Nationalist cheers. ) 

The Chief Secretary — In answer to my hon. friend 
I have to say that in my reply to the communication 
referred to 1 shall state what is the tenor of the denial 
that has been made to these allegations, and I shall 
invite the Catholic Bishop and those associated with 
him to favour me with any further remarks and any 
further observations that they may think fit to make. 
I have no particular desire to favour one set of gentle- 
men more than another. (Opposition cheers.) i 
have, i am bound to say, full confidence in the informa- 
tion given to me by the officials in Belfast — (renewed 
Opposition cheers) ; and, as far as I can see, Mr. 
Smgleton has performed a very difficult part with great 
dexterity, great tact, and great prudence. (Continued 
Opposition cheers.) — Freeman's Journal, 29th April, 
1893. 

♦ 

IRISH LANDLORDS AND THEIR 
INCOMES. 



In the Freeman's Journal of the 29th April, 
1893, the following letter to the Editor, from 
Mr. P. Fitzgerald, agent to the Earl of Dunraven, 
appears : — 

"In a letter appearing in your issue of the 25th 
inst., over the signature of ' Hard Cash,' the writer 
states that he has spent a short time in calculating how 
much money some twenty-nine noble Lords who 



attended the Albert Hall meeting manage to scoop out 
of Ireland yearly, and proceeds to give the poor-law 
valuation of their properties, and asks how much of 
this vast sum these twenty-nine peers spend out of 
Ireland every year. With the affairs of two of the 
number I happen to. be intimately acquainted, i.e., 
the Earl of Dunraven and Lord Monteagle, with the 
former as his agent and the latter as trustee, and I am 
happy to tell ' Hard Cash ' for his information that the 
rental of the former is under the poor-law valuation, 
and that he spends more than his Irish income in 
Ireland, and the latter does not, I believe, spend two 
per cent, of his income out of Ireland. I have no 
doubt ' Hard Cash's' letter is equally unhappy in the 
other cases." 



HOME RULE AT KILLARNBY. 



THE KILLARNEY GUARDIANS IN DEBT. 
At the weekly meeting of the Killarney Board of 
Guardians a letter from Major Kirkwood, Local 
Government Board Inspector, was read, calling the 
attention of the guardians to the financial state of the 
Union, and to the very unsatisfactory manner in which 
the rate collectors were discharging their duties. 

It appeared from the statement of the Clerk of the 
Union that the amount of the uncollected rates was 
^3,146 15s. 9d.; and that the amount of the seed 
rate uncollected was ,^3,920 7s. 2d. It was stated 
that of the numerous persons who got the potato seed 
supply not one had given a guarantee towards fjayment. 
However, the guardians could not strike out the irre- 
coverable debts due in this respect, but could only 
include it in the forthcoming poor rate. 

The chairman, Mr. Coltsman, on being reminded 
that some cheques were to be signed for the con- 
tractors, declined to sign any cheques save these for 
out-door relief. The last weekly amount due in this 
respect was ;^44 2s. gd. Where was the use, continued 
the chairman, of signing cheques which were sure to be 
dishonoured. Mr. Butler, manager of the Munster 
and Leinster Bank, had told him that he could legally 
proceed against persons whose dishonoured cheques 
in the National Bank were cashed by him, and those 
persons could come before the board of guardians with 
their cheques. One man had told him (the chairman) 
that he had the guardians' cheque for the past six 
months and could not get it cashed. To issue cheques 
where there was a balance of;^S5 6s. id. against them, 
was absurd. 

Up to three o'clock no cheques save those for out- 
door relief were signed. — Irish Daily Independent, 
28th April, 1893. 



NOTES FROM IRELAND. 



143 



A DIURNAL 

OF EVENTS RELATING TO IRELAND. 



April 26. — In the House of Commons, 
after the presentation of fresh petitions 
.ag.iinst the Home Rule Bill, the .-tdjournetl 
debate on the Voters' Registration Bill 
was resumed An amendment of Sir R- 
Paget's was negatived, and the second 
reading ultimately agreed to, the Govern- 
ment consenting to refer the Bill to a 
committee of the whole House instead of 
the Grand Committee which was originally 
proposed. 

— The Belfast disturbances have sub- 
sided. About twenty prisoners were 
brought up at the Police Court and charged 
with being members of a riotous crowd the 
previous evening. Evidence was given by 
the police that the great majority of the 
Queen's Island workmen marched down 
in a peaceful and orderly manner, and that 
the rioters were a minority coming at the 
rear. The Lord Mayor of Belfast issued 
an appeal to the Islanders to abstain from 
any disorder or any street demonstration 
which might give rise to disorder, and not 
to compromise the good name of the city. 

— The Devonshire House Conference 
was resumed, and it is understood that a 
plan was agreed to for united action with 
regard not only to the Home Rule Bill but 
to all the other important measures of the 
i(5overnment. 

C 

— Colonel Saimderson and most of the 
Unionist members for Irish constituencies 
had a conference at the Victoria Plotel, 
Charing Cross, London, with about fifty of 
the Irish delegates. A general discussion 
took place on the Home Rule Bill, and as 
to the line of attack that should be adopted. 
The delegates fully endorsed the views 
already reported as existing among the 
Ulster Unionist members against moving 
any amendments to the Home Rule Bill, 
on the ground that no amendments will 
reconcile them to it, but the party are left 
free to vote for amendments moved by 
other members. 

— An appeal to British investors in Irish 
Securities is issued, signed by Lord Chelms- 
ford and others, asking the investors to join 
in a petition against the Home Rule Bill. 

— A deputation of Dublin merchants 
had an interview witli Liverpool merchants, 
in Liverpool Town Hall, for the purpose 
of expressing their views on the probable 
effects of Home Rule on trade in Ireland 
Mr. F. Pirn, Mr. Malcolm Inglis, and Mr, 
Jonathan Hogg, were among the members 
of the deputation. 

— Mr. Carson, M.P., late Solicitor- 
General for Ireland, was called to the Bar 
by the Benchers of the Middle Temple. 
Mr. Justice Wills, the Treasurer of the Inn, 
presided at the Call ceremony, and in 
welcoming Mr. Carson to the profession in 
England, alluded to him as one of the most 
distinguished members of the Irish Bar, 
which was second to none for its learning, 
its courage, and its eloquence. 



— This evening, after a Nationalist band 
from the Bogside of Derry had passed 
Christ Church, it was found that stones had 
been thrown at the windows of the church 
and school adjoining, two windows in the 
latter, and one in the church, where they 
have wire protection, being broken The 
Nationalists not only attacked Christ 
Church, but assaulted a number of ladies 
coming out of the Strand Presbyterian 
Church. The riotous conduct of the mob 
has caused a bad feeling in the city. 

— At the monthly meeting of the 
Belfast Grand Orange Lodge, Br. Rev. 
Dr. Kane, G.M., presiding, it was re- 
solved — "That this Grand Lodge, speak- 
on behalf of the members of the Insti- 
tution in Belfast, repudiates in the most 
emphatic manner, the baseless insinuation 
made in the Nationalist Press against the 
brethren, and challenge our opponents to 
prove a single case where any member has, 
in the least or in any way, been guilty of 
behaviour at all tending to riot or riotous 
conduct ; that we call upon the members 
of the Institution in pursuance of their 
obligation, to assist the magistrates and 
civil authorities in the lawful execution of 
their duty, and to do everything in their 
power to maintain the peace of this Protes- 
tant community." 

S7. — In the House of Lords, the Law of 
Distress (Ireland) Bill was read a second 
time, on the motion of Lord Monkswell. 
The Rivers Pollution Prevention Bill was 
also read a second time. 

— In the House of Commons, the 
Budget resolutions were considered in 
Committee, and Mr. Goschen criticised 
the Government proposals at some length. 
Sir J Lubbock had on the paper an 
amendment, declaring " that, having regard 
to the provision of the Government of 
Ireland Bill, under which the produce of 
the income-tax collected in Ireland is 
devoted to Irish local purposes, it is in- 
expedient to provide for increased Imperial 
changes by taxation to which, if the Home 
Rule Bill should become law, Ireland will 
contribute no part, and the whole burden 
of which would fall on England and 
Scotland." But, on the right honourable 
baronet proceeding to propose it, the 
Chairman said that it would be out of 
order to propose such a resolution as an 
amendment to the resolution before the 
House. All that he could do would be to 
oppose the resolution, or to , propose a 
reduction in the amount of the tax. A 
discussion followed on the subject, in which 
Sir W. Harcourt, Sir John Gorst, Mr, 
Bartley, and others took part. The Rail- 
way Servants (Hours of Labour) Bill was 
also considered. 

— The annual meeting of the Belfast 
Premier Habitation of the Primrose League 
was held in Clarence Place Hall. Mr. T. 
K. Duncan presided. 

— On or about this date, twelve head 
of cattle belonging to Michael Roche, 



Ballybeg, New Ross, were mutilated in a 
disgraceful manner. On the same occa- 
sion a large stone was thrown through the 
window in which Roche and his wife were 
sleeping. 

— A public meeting was held in the 
Whitworth Hall, Drogheda, in support of 
the Unionist cause. The attendance in- 
cluded the resident gentry of the town and 
neighbourhood. A number of ladies, and 
some of the Roman Catholic gentlemen of 
the district were also present. Amongst 
those in attendance were — Messrs. Thos. 
P. Cairnes, J. P., Chairman ; George Grad- 
well. J P. ; Malcolm B. Murray, Dundalk : 
Robert D. Jameson, J. P., Balbriggan ; R. 
Ashust Gr.adwell. J.P., Dowth Hall ; Henry 
Chester, High Sheriff, Co. Louth ; Henry 
St. George Osborne, J. P.. Dardistown ; 
Colonel Coddington. J. P.. Oldbridge ; H. 
Tunstall Moore, J. P., Balbriggan ; &c. 
After the holding of a Nationalist meeting 
in opposition to that of the Unionists, and 
at which speeches were made condemning 
the Unionists for their hardiJiood in holding 
a meeting in Drogheda, stones were thrown 
at several Protestant churches, breaking 
the windows, and also at the carriages of 
gentlemen returning from the Unionist 
meeting, the windows of a number of the 
carriages being broken, and the occupants 
hurt. 

— A man named Townsend, from 
Sheffield, was arrested at midnight on 
Wednesday outside Mr. Gladstone's official 
residence, for firing a loaded revolver. 
The Premier had a short time previously 
entered the house. On being arrested, he 
stated that the firing was accidental. On 
him was found a memorandum book con- 
taining entries in reference to the Home 
Rule Bill. He was yesterday brought 
before a magistrate and remanded. It is 
stated that he is of weak mind. 

— Tranquillity in Belfast. The Watch 
Committee of the Ulster Convention have 
issued an appeal, expressing regret at the 
disorderly conduct which has taken place, 
and emphasizing the fact that the disturb- 
ances were caused by youthful and irre- 
sponsible persons. 

— The committee of investigation, which 
was appointed at the last meeting of the 
shareholders of the Freeman's Journal 
Company, have completed their enquiries, 
and will submit their report to the ad- 
journed meeting, which is to be held in the 
Imperial Hotel on the 2nd May. The 
report recommends the retirement of 
Messrs. T. M. Healy, John Dillon, Joseph 
Mooney, and Captain O'Conor. Mr. 
Thomas Sexton is proposed as chairman 
of the directors, all of whom are to be 
selected from among the shareholders who 
have not already served on the board, with 
the exception of Mr. Wm. Murphy, and 
Alderman Kernan. The report is regarded 
as a triumph for the opponents of Mr. 
Healy. 



NOms FROM IRELAND. 



28.- In the House of Lords, the Earl of 
Camperdown called attention to the cir- 
cumstances of the appointment and proce- 
dure of the Evicted Tenants' Commission, 
which he severely criticised, and asked 
whether the Government intended to bring 
in a Bill to give effect to its recommenda- 
tions. Lord Selborne added that, in his 
opinion, nothing so unconstitutional had 
been done in reference to interference with 
private rights since the days of James IL 
Lord Acton, replying to Lord Camper- 
down's question, said the Government did 
not intend to bring in a Bill. Lord Ash- 
bourne condemned the appointment of the 
Commission as mischievous, and its proce- 
dure as unfair. The Earl of Arran re- 
peated the Earl of Camperdown's question. 
It received a like answ er. He pressed to 
know if the Government intended to take 
any action. The Earl of Kimberley denied, 
and the Marquis of Salisbury defended 
Lord Arran's right to put such a question. 
(Jn the motion of the Marquis of London- 
derry the debate was adjourned. 

— In the House of Ccmmons, Mr. 
Morley was questioned by Mr. Sexton 
regarding the Belfast riots, and the alleged 
partiality of the police authorities. Mr. 
Morley, in reply, said several of the state 
ments in Mr. Sexton's question were 
exaggerated, and that he had perfect confi 
dence in the impartiality, promptness, and 
vigour of the police. He also mentioned 
that he had received a com.munication from 
the Roman Catholic Bishop in Belfast, 
making four allegations, three of which 
proved to be unfounded. Mr. Sexton 
asked for the appointment of a Commis- 
sion of Inquiry, but Mr. Morley said he 
would be willing to receive any further 
statements which the Bishop or other 
members of the Catholic Committee in 
Belfast should think fit to make. In reply 
to questions from Mr. Balfour and others, 
a statement was made by Mr. Gladstone as 
to the order of Go\ernment business. At 
the evening sitting, Mr. Loder's motion in 
favour of Imperial penny postage was dis- 
cussed, and eventually withdrawn. 

— A meeting of Unionist ladies was 
held in the Orange Hall, Newmills. Mrs. 
Bond presided. Several resolutions were 
passed against the Home Rule Bill. 

— A Unionist meeting was held at 
Clandeboye. Major A. M. Henderson, 
J.P, presided, and the speakers included 
Mr. James Macaulay, B.A. ; Rev. J. 
(luartz ; Rev. J. J. Walker ; and others. 

— A meeting of the Unionist women of 
East Tyrone, in opposition to the Home 
Rule Bill, was held at Newmills. Mrs. 
John Bond, Gortin House, occupied the 
chair. Mrs. Bond addressed the meeting, 
and a resolution against the Home Rule 
Bill was adopted, on the motion of Miss 
I^indsay, The Rector)-, seconded by Miss 
Stuart, Beech Grove. Mrs. Faussett, Eden- 
derry House, Omagh , Mrs. Scott, Dun- 
gannon ; and Miss Bush, Rockdale, also 
spoke. Four hundred ladies attended. 

29. — Both Houses of Parliament met 
for a few minutes in order to hear the 
Royal assent given to a number of bills. | 



— A branch of the Irish Unionist 
Alliance was formed in Kilkenny, repre- 
senting the parishes of Gowran, Gores- 
bridge, and Craigue. There was a good 
attendance and much enthusiasm. The 
following officers were nominated : — Presi- 
dent, H. C. Toler Aylward, Esq., J P. ; 
secretary, Captain W. A. White ; treasurer, 
E. Maude, Esq., J P. 



— The Shillelagh branch of the Irish 
Unionist Alliance held a well attended 
meeting at Tinahely. The Hon. Henry 
W. Pltzwilliam, who was voted to the 
chair, opened the proceedings with an 
address condemnatory of the Home Rule 
Bill, and at the end of his address read a 
letter, which the Shillelagh branch had 
received from Lord Fitzwilliam on his 
having been elected president of the 
branch. Subsequently a resolution against 
the Home Rule Bill was passed. Other 
speakers, Mr R. Taylor ; Major Newton ; 
Rev. J. Bennett ; Dr. Bolster, and Mr. 
Irwin. 



30. —Amnesty mcetirg at Dn mcordra. 
Speeches by Dr. Kenry, M.P. ; Mr. Wm. 
Field, M.P. : Mr. J. J. Clarcy, M.P. ; 
Mr. Pierce Mnbrny; and Miss Maude 
Gonne. 



May 1.— In the House of Lords the 
resumed delate on the Evicted Tenants' 
Commission took place. Important 
speeches were delivered by several noble 
lords, including Lord Londonderry, the 
Duke of Devonshire, and Lord Salisbury. 
Lord Spencer was the principal defender 
of the Government policy. In the course 
of his speech, Lord Londonderry said that 
*' never in the annals of responsible govern- 
ment had any member of the Government 
been called upon to defend a Commission 
so extraordinary and so monstrous in its 
character. It was nothing short of a 
public scandal." 



— In the House of Commons, Mr. 
Gladstone announced that the House would 
go into Committee on the Home Rule Bill 
on Monday, and not on Thursday next as 
was first intended. A discussion ensued 
on the motion of Sir Charles Dilke, with 
reference to the occupation of Egypt, to 
which he was strongly opposed. Mr. 
Gladstone made a lengthy statement in 
defence of the policy of the Liberal 
Government with regard to Egyptian 
affairs. Without a discussion, Sir Charles 
Dilke's motion was negatived. A number 
of questions arising out of Irish matters 
were put and answered. 



— Mr. Cunninghame Graham, M. P., 
writes to the Daily Independent of this 
date, suggesting that Mr. Davitt should be 
relieved, by subscription, of the debt for 
costs against him. in connection with the 
Meath election petition. " My sugges- 
tion," writes Mr. Graham, " is that, as it 
was owing to the zeal of Bishop Nulty, and 
some of the clergy of Meath, that Mr. 
Davitt became involved in these vicious 
proceedings, that they, in a true spirit of 
brotherhood, should step forward and pay 
the costs of Mr. Davitt's election." 



— To-day, there are 340 amendments 
for committee stage of the Home Rule 
Bill, together with thirteen instructions 
before the House goes into committee. 

2.— In the House of Lords, Lord Teyn- 
ham drew attention to the disturbances 
which took place at a Church Defence 
Association meeting at Hull on Monday, 
and a.sked that precautions should be 
taken to insure the prevention of similar 
disturbances in future. The Marquis of 
Salisbury suggested that the police orders 
should be laid on the table, and the Earl of 
Kimberley premised to communicate with 
the Home Office on the subject. 

— In the House of Commons, in Ccm- 
mittee of Supply, an important discussion 
was raised by Mr. T. W. Russell, as to the 
delays which had taken place in the cariy- 
ing out of sales in the purchase department 
of the Land Commission. Mr. Morley, 
Mr. Jackson, Mr. A. Morley, and Mr. 
Dane, took part in the discussion. 

— Mr. T. W. Russell, M.P., is to-day 
putting on the Parliamentary notice paper 
an amendment designed to prevent any 
persons reported against by the Parnell 
Commission from becoming members of 
the Executive Committee of the Irish 
Privy Council, which would be the Heme 
Rule Cabinet. It is in the form of the 
following addition to clause 5 :— " Provided 
always that no person found guilty by a 
competent tribunal of a criminal act shall 
be eligible for such appointment." 

— In the Imperial Piotel, Duljlin, the 
adjourned general meeting of the share- 
holders of the freeman's Journal Company 
was held under the presidency of Mr. 
T. Sexton, M.P. The report of a committee 
appointed to consider the condition of the 
company, and make such suggestions as 
they might consider desirable, was sub- 
mitted for approval. The report reccm- 
mended the appointment of Alderman 
Kernan, Mr. J. H. Hunter, of Blackrock, 
and Mr. John M'Donnell, of Mountjoy 
Street, as directors. The report invohes 
the resignation of Mr. T. M. Healy, M.P., 
Mr. John Dillon, M.P., and Mr. Mooney, 
and the non-election of Captain O'Cor.or, 
Its adoption was moved by Mr. Valentine 
Kilbride, solicitor, and an amendment was 
subsequently proposed to the effect that the 
proceedings be adjourned to a future day. 
A stormy discussion followed, and eventu- 
ally the amendment was put to the meet- 
ing, with the result that 54 voted in its 
favour, and a like number against it. The 
chairman gave his casting vote against the 
amendment, which was accordingly re- 
jected, and the motion was adopted on a 
subsequent division by a majority of 46 to 
43- 

— A report, embodying statistics of 
emigration from Ireland during 1892, was 
issued to-night as a Parliamentary paper. 
The number of emigrants who left Irish 
ports during the year was 51,000, a decrease 
on 1S91 of 8,868, the number of males being 
2S.57I1 "!■ 4638 less than in the previous 
year, and of females 25,429, a decrease of 
4,230. Of the total number, 50,867 were 
natives of Ireland, only 133 persons belong- 
ing to other countries. 



NOTES FROM IRELAND. 



THE RUIN OP THE "FREEMAN'S 
JOURNAL." 



MESSRS. HEALY, DIT.LON, &c., SUPERSEDED 
ON THE BOARD. 

MR. E. D. GRAY'S VALEDICTORY. 

On Tuesday (2nd inst), the adjourned General 
Meeting of the shareholders of the Freeman's 
Journal, Limited, was held in the Imperial 
Hotel, to consider the report of the Committee 
appointed to make suggestions as to a re- 
construction of the Board, etc. Mr. Sexton, M.P., 
presided. The meeting was very stormy, 
especially towards the close. The following is a 
copy of the Report of the Committee, signed by 
the Roman Catholic Bishop of Raphoe on their 
behalf:— 

Report of the Shareholders' Committee to the 
Shareholders of the " Freeman's Journal," 
Limited. 

Gentlemen, — We were appointed by a resolution of 
your meeting on the 6th of April, 1S93, to inquire into and 
report upon all affairs and concerns of your Company that 
in our judgment require attention, including the composi- 
tion of the Board of Directors, and to do all things 
necessary for the execution of this purpose. 

Our deliberations began on the 7th of April, and we 
have spared no pains to give effect to the purpose for 
which our Committee was appointed. 

We did not employ a special auditor. From informa- 
tion otherwise at hand we were satisfied that the report of 
the Directors, the Statement of Accounts, and Balance 
Sheet, as placed before you on the 6th of April, accurately 
disclosed the financial condition of the Company on the 
working of the year 1892. We have no hesitation in say- 
ing that a very considerable reduction in annual expendi- 
ture can be effected without impairing the efficiency of 
your Journals. It is, moreover, our opinion that the large 
increase in their circulation points to an improvement in 
revenue, from which to a still greater extent your Company 
may calculate on regaining a condition of prosperity. 

As to the composition of the Board of Directors, our 
report is : — That the Board should be reconstructed so as 
to consist of the following members : — 



Thomas Sexton, Esq., M.P., Chairman. 

William Martin Murphy, Esq.. J. P. 

Alderman Michael Kernan. 

J. H. Hunter, Esq., Brooklawn, Black- 
rock, Co. Dublin. 

John M'Donnell, Esq-, 12 Mountjoy 
Street, Dublin. 



Other 
members 



The new Board will thus consist of five members, and 
we have requested the members of the old Board to take 
all necessary steps, under legal advice, for perfecting the 
reconstruction of the Board on the 2nd of May, 1S93, with 
the co-operation of the Shareholders. 

Our report involves the resignation of Messrs. Dillon, 
Healy, and Mooney, and the non-election of Captain 
Maurice O'Conor. 

We have collected and shall place before the incoming 
Board a great deal of valuable information which, we 
trust, may prove of service to the Company, and aid your 
Directors in their work for the National cause. 

Signed on behalf of the Shareholders' Committee, 

•^ Patrick O'Donnell, Chairman. 
Dublin, 26th April, 1893. 



Father Humphreys, of New Tipperary, was the first 
important speaker, and he intimated that he had no 
confidence in the three new directors proposed, viz. : 
Alderman Kernan, Mr. Hunter, and Mr. M'Donnell, 
of whom, he said, they knew nothing whatsoever. He 
inferred that it was possible, and even probable, that 
the new blood would be Parnellite. Father 
Humphreys was interrupted by Mr. Andrew Devereux, 
who remarked — " This is not a meeting to revive New 
Tipperary." 

After much discussion and a great deal of excite- 
ment an amendment to adjourn was defeated, and the 
Report was carried by a majority of 46 to 43. 

Mr. E. D. Gray, who was present for the last rime, 
as he stated, at a meeting of the owners of a property 
with which his family had so long been connected, 
delivered a speech of considerable length, from which 
the following citations (Freeman's own report) are 
made : — 

Mr. E. D. Gray then said he wished to make a 
few observations upon the report of the committee. 
He had travelled over from London to attend the 
meeting against medical advice, and consequently he 
claimed the indulgence of the shareholders in the 
observations he had to make. He considered he 
was entitled to speak on two grounds ; first, as one 
deeply interested in the success of the company, having 
an interest in the Freeman's Journal Company second 
only to Alderman Kernan ; and, in the second place, 
as a past director of the company. He did not wish 
to mention a third ground, though it might be present 
to the minds of some there, namely, the fact that for 
three generations his name had been identified with 
the Freeman's Journal. (Hear, hear.) . . . Serious 
charges had been made against him (Mr. Gray), by 
certain gentlemen that he and the directors associated 
with him had wrongly paid a dividend for the year 
1 89 1, and he would hke to have had an 
opportunity to vindicate his character with regard to 
that matter before the committee. He had only to say 
that when the directors paid that dividend they had on 
the board such able lawyers as Mr. John L. Scallan, 
and Mr. John Roche, Q.C., both shining lights of the 
law. They had in addition the best independent legal 
advice, and he had no hesitation in saying that so far 
as legal proceedings were concerned they had nothing 
whatever to fear from investigation of the matter. As 
to the desirability of paying the dividend that was 
another thing. There was no concealment from the 
shareholders, and the accounts were before them for 
investigation. The accounts showed a credit on the 
Profit and Loss of j^ 8,000 in that year. ^2,000 was 
taken as trading profit, and ;£6,ooo was described as 
the proceeds of a special and extraordinary investment 
made by the company. The speaker then proceeded 
to discuss the report of the committee, and pointed out 
that the company had now a larger staff than at any 
time during the existence of the Freeman. He said no 
immediate reduction in the expenditure could be looked 
for in that direcrion, because they could not dismiss 
men from their employment without reasonable 



NOTES FROM IRELAND. 



compensation being paid to them. He thought the 
proper course to pursue, having regard to the overdraft 
in the bank, would be to issue debentures sufficient to 
pay off that overdraft, and not to call in the 
uncalled capital, because on the uncalled capital 
the credit of the company depended. Had that 
course been suggested as desirable by the committee 
he thought the directors would have no difficulty 
in raising the money, and he would himself 
have been willing to give ;^ 1,000 of his own 
to assist the National organ. As regarded the 
constitution of the board, he thought Mr. Sexton was 
the proper man as chairman. (Applause.) He did 
not see what qualification Mr. Murphy had for director- 
ship. The fact was that while .Mr. Murphy was a 
director of the National Press that company had run 
very quickly through their money. He said that Mr. 
Murphy was the gentleman who drew up the circular 
to the shareholders referring to the affidavit of Mr. 
Gillies, which stated that there was a net profit of 
yt37S psr week after the amalgamation. That mis- 
leading and untnithful statement was put in the circular 
by Mr. Murphy. 

Mr. Murphy — There was no such statement in the 
circular. 

Mr. Gray said that if he had made a statement 
regarding Mr. Murphy which was untrue he was very 
sorry for it. 

Mr. Healy — Let him go on ; it makes no matter 
what he says. 

Mr. Gray, continuing, asked the chairman for an 
assurance that the uncalled capital would not be 
pledged without the shareholders being called together 
for their opinion upon the matter. He said the un- 
called capital was within an ace of being mortgaged 
before. 

The Chairman said he might not be a member of 
the board after that meeting, and he could not give 
any undertaking on the part of the board. 

Mr. Gray said he only wanted an assurance from 
the Chairman that so long as he continued a member 
of the board the uncalled capital would not be pledged 
without the shareholders being consulted. . . . 
Mr. Gray proceeded to say that in the Daily Inde- 
pendent they had a formidable rival. He was no believer 
in the system of managing either a party or a paper by 
a committee, and he considered for the last three 
years they had broken the law as laid down in the 
articles of association by not appointing a managing 
director. On this occasion, which was a painful and 
even a humiliating occasion for him, he might perhaps 
claim the indulgence of even his bitterest enemies 
while he said a few words an a personal matter. He 
was plunged into politics at a time when there was a 
tremendous upheaval in National affairs. He took 
admittedly at the beginning a wrong side — (hear, hear) 
— and that mistake had never been forgiven. . . . 
In matters of this kind a man had to consider whether 
the game was worth the candle, and as far as he was 
concerned the disappointments he had experienced in 
connection with this journal and public life in Ireland, 
taken in connection with other troubles of a domestic 
character, had made him resolve that really it was not 
worth his while to wait until these people whose minds 
had been poisoned against him had had an oppor- 
tunity of revising their judgment, and, therefore, he 



now bade good-bye to Irish public life and to his con- 
nection with the Freetnan^ s Journal. (Applause.) 

A REDMONDITE CRITICISM. 

The Daily Independent of the 3rd May, 1 893,^ 
thus concludes its leading article on the meeting 
of the Freeman's Journal shareholders on the 
preceding day : — 

" The meetings of the Fallen Journal have beeni 
likened to the scene at a death-bed, at a wake, to a 
burial, and to an inquest. In the olden times many, 
disgraceful scenes disgi'aced the chamber of death in 
this country. So much so tliat the face of civilised 
society and of religion has been set against wakes. 
But no more disgraceful shindy ever disgraced the 
lowest section of the most demoralised of any 
people than the scene witnessed yesterday in the- 
Imperial Hotel, when the excited Chairman, standing 
on the table, passed resolution after resolution, amongst 
a hundred howlers, evenly divided, apparently, on the 
merits of the motions before them, and beset un- 
doubtedly at bottom .by the one main idea that the- 
end had come, and that the Fallen Journal was no- 
more, was committed to earth, to an unknown, an, 
unhonoured grave — a fate regarded without com- 
miseration or regret." 



A LEGAL OPINION ON THE HOME 
RULE BILL 

ON CASE SUBMITTED ON BEHALF OF THE IRISH 
UNIONIST ALLIANCE, TO MR. ROBERT J. 
ROBERTSON, Q.C., AND MR. JONATHAN PIM,. 
B.L. 

I. 

The object of the Bill which has been introduced into- 
Parliament under the title of " A Bill to amend the 
provision for the Government of Ireland," is, as stated 
in the preamble, without impairing or restricting the 
supreme authority of Parliament, to create an Irish 
Legislature for such purposes in Ireland as are thereiiL 
mentioned. 

Whatever doubt or question may at any time have- 
existed as to the dependence of the Irish Legislature, 
which existed before the Act of Union, as to the right 
of the Parliament at Westminster to make laws for the 
government of Ireland, — laws which should have force 
and validity in Ireland, — was finally put an end to by 
the Act for the Union of Great Britain and Ireland. 
No such doubt or question ran ever again arise, until 
the Parliament constituted by that Act, — or rather by 
the two Acts, the Act passed by the then Legislature 
of Great Britain, and the Act passed by the then 
Legislature of Ireland, chooses to resolve itself into its 
elements, and to constitute or create, not merely an 
Irish Legislature with an Irish Executive depending on 
it, but also a separate Parliament for Great Britain, 
whose right to legislate for Ireland shall be expressly 
negatived. Until this is done the authority of Parlia- 
ment must necessarily remain supreme and its right to 
legislate for Ireland, or any part of Ireland, or for any 
perstin resident in Ireland, must necessarily remaia 
intact. 



XOriCS FROM IBELAWD. 



It is important when dealing with the Bill to put this 
matter prominently forward, because upon it depends, 
and from it necessarily follows, that, which is the essen- 
tial distinction between the present Bill and the Bill 
proposed by Mr. Gladstone in iS86, namely, the re- 
tention in Parliament of the Irish Members. If the 
-authority of Parliament in Ireland were to be abrogated, 
it would be a matter of course to exclude from Parlia- 
ment the Irish Members. But when the authority of 
Parhament is to remain, at least technically supreme, 
and not merely supreme but exclusive as to all matters 
relating to the Crown, the making of peace and war. 
the control of the naval and military forces, the law of 
treason and treason-felony, not to specify the several 
■other important matters as to which exclusive power 
is reserved to Parliament by Clauses 3 and 4 of the 
Bill, — when the duties of customs and excise, and the 
duties on postage are to be imposed by Act of Par- 
liament, the retention of the Irish Members is not 
merely a matter of course, — their exclusion would be 
in direct violation of the fundamental principles of the 
Constitution. In our estimation the proposal to retain 
in Parliament the Irish Members is a vital part of the 
principle of this Bill, and its omission would entirely 
alter its character. 

The retention of supreme authority by Parliament 
may be a safeguard to the Irish minority, though what 
the real value of this safeguard may be, is another 
matter. To what extent Parliament, having the fullest 
and most absolute power to control, and if necessary, 
to abrogate and annul the acts of its Committee in 
Dublin (for this is really the legal status of the Irish 
Legislature which it is proposed to create) may con- 
sider itself called upon to interfere with the acts of 
that Committee, are matters rather for the considera- 
tion of statesmen than for the opinion of lawyers. But 
this we say, that if there is any real foundation for the 
fears which undoubtedly are entertained by the 
•opponents of this Bill in Ireland, and if the serious 
consequences, which they anticipate, really follow on 
this Bill becoming law. Parliament must either inter- 
fere or become directly responsible for those serious 
consequences. Further, it occurs to us, that if the 
necessity for such interference should arise, this Bill, 
so far from relieving Parliament from any portion of 
its labours, would add to those labours, and that the 
time of Parliament necessary to be devoted to Irish 
affairs so far from being diminished would be largely 
increased. 

In connection with this matter, it is not immaterial 
to observe, that although by this Bill the supreme 
authority of Parliament is not impaired or restricted, 
its power will be. The direct control of Parliament 
over the Irish Executive and its power over supply 
will both be gone, and the only means that will be 
left to Parliament of enforcing or using its authority 
will be by legislation. 

CLAUSES 1 AND 2, POWERS OF IRISH LEGISLA- 
TURE. 

Turning now to the clauses of the Bill, 
Clause I provides that on and after the appointed 
•day there shall be in Ireland a Legislature consisting 
-of Her Majesty the Queen and of two houses, the 
Legislative Council and the Legislative Assembly. 



Clause 2 provides that with the exceptions and sub- 
ject to the restrictions in the Act mentioned, there shall 
be granted to the Irish I^egislature power to make laws 
for the peace, order, and good government of Ireland, 
in respect of matters relating exclusively to Ireland or 
some part thereof. 

In dealing with the subject matter of this clause, two 
courses were open to the framers of the Bill. i. To 
give general powers (of course restricted to Ireland) 
and then to make exceptions from those general 
powers, and engraft restrictions upon them. 2. To 
specify in particular language the powers of the newly 
constituted Legislature. 

The latter would appear to us to be the course that 
would naturally be adopted in defining the powers ofa 
local legislature. The former is that which has been 
adopted in the present Bill. It appears to us that its 
adoption is open to the objection that instead of attain- 
ing that certainty which might be attained by particular 
definition, it requires the use of general terms necessarily 
involving uncertainty. As regards the full extent of 
the power to make laws for the peace, order, and good 
government of Ireland, important questions must arise. 

But apart from the exceptions and restrictions re- 
ferred to in Clause 2, we incline to the opinion that the 
words of this clause, construed as they must be in con- 
nection with the other portions of the Bill, are sufficient 
to confer on the Irish Legislature every power now 
possessed by Parhament "in respect of matters ex- 
clusively relating to Ireland or some part thereof." 
Further it appears to us that the words we have just 
quoted are calculated to give rise to questions of the 
gravest difficulty, and fraught with the most serious 
consequences. To take an example, the first that 
occurs to us, would not the dues to be levied 
on shipping in any Irish port be a matter within 
the power and competency of the Irish Legisla- 
ture ? We certainly think they would. Would it 
be within their competency to abolish the preference 
as to the amount of dues now generally, if not uni- 
versally, conceded in Irish ports to ships from British 
ports as compared with ships from foreign ports? 
We think it would. But would it be competent for 
the Irish Legislature to go a step further and to con- 
cede to ships from foreign ports in general, or from 
the ports of any foreign country in particular, such 
preference over ships from British ports as is now 
conceded to the latter ? These are questions which 
conceivably may arise for determination by the tribunal 
to which such questions are by this Bill referred. 

EXCEPTIONS AND RESTRICTIONS. 
The exceptions from, and restrictions on, the powers 
of the Irish Legislature are specified in Clauses 3 and 
4 of the Bill. But to the restrictions mentioned in 
Clause 4 must be added the further restrictions men- 
tioned in Clauses 10 and 20 respectively. The ex- 
ceptions from the powers of the Irish Legislature — 
the matters in respect of which the Irish Legislature 
is not to have power to make laws, include, amongst 
others, the following, viz. : — Treason and treason 
felony, trade with any place out of Ireland (including, 
of course, Great Britain), trade marks, merchandise 
marks, copyright, and patent rights. These, with the 
exception of trade, are all matters almost exclusively, 
regulated by statute. As regards trade between Great 



148 



\OTES FROM IRELAND. 



Britain and Ireland, this is now to a very great extent 
carried on under through-booking arrangements 
entered into between the Railway Companies in the 
two countries. Such arrangements are to a great 
extent regulated and controlled by the Railway Acts. 
The necessity for calling attention to these matters 
will more fully appear when we come to deal with 
Clause 1 9 of the Bill. 

The restrictions in Clause 4 appear to be intended 
as safeguards for the protection of the Irish minority, 
but the protection which they are calculated to afford 
are of the most illusory character. By this Clause the 
powers of the Irish Legislature are not to extend to 
the endowment of religion. There is however, nothing 
to prevent the Irish Legislature from enacting a law 
requiring that in every parish in Ireland there shall be 
a National school, which shall be under the control of 
a patron or go^'emor, to whom a salary shall be paid 
for his services, leaving it to the Executive to fill up 
these offices in full assurance that the person who in 
every case would be appointed would be the Parish 
Priest. 

The provision in Magna Charta that no freeman 
shall be taken or imprisoned, or be disseised of his 
freehold or liberties, or be outlawed or exiled or other- 
wise destroyed, but by lawful judgment of his peers or 
by the law of the land, is now of real value. It was 
comparatively worthless until the Bill of Rights expressly 
negatived the existence of the dispensing power of the 
Crown. In view of this lesson of history, it appears 
to us that the Irish Legislature, having full power to 
determine what is " due process of Law " — Trial bv 
Jury or Star Chamber procedure — having also full 
power to determine the manner in which what is just 
compensation for private property shall be ascertained, 
the provision in this Bill that the power of the Irisli 
Legislature shall not extend to the making of any law, 
" whereby any person may be deprived of life, liberty, 
or property, without due process of law, or may be 
denied the equal protection of the laws, or whereby 
private property may be taken without just compensa- 
tion," cannot be regarded as having any legal force 
whatever. Sub-Clause 6 of this same Clause (Clause 4) 
is an affirmative enactment that any Corporation in 
Ireland- — -say Trinity College, for instance, or the Bank 
of Ireland (which is now in possession of the old 
Parliament House) — may be deprived of its rights, 
privileges, and property, without due process of law, 
provided only the leave of Her Majesty is first obtained 
on address from the two Houses of the Irish Legis- 
lature. 

Heretofore, any person dealing with an Act of 
Parliament has always been able to enter upon the 
consideration of the Act, under the full assurance that 
in order to ascertain the law by which he is bound, it 
is only necessary to arrive at a conclusion as to the 
true construction of the Act. 

As regards the laws of the Irish Legislature, this will 
not hold good. By Clause 3 of the Bill it is expressly 
enacted that any law made in contravention of that 
section shall be void, and the concluding words of 
Clause 4 are to the same effect. Any law made in 
contravention of either section 3 or section 4 is 
absolutely void. To such a law even prima facie 
validity is denied. For the first time in history, so far 
as we are aware, there is to be created a legislature to 



which is denied the power of passing absolute laws — - 
laws which in themselves, and from the mere fact that 
they are the laws of legislature, are valid until shown 
to be othenvise by a Court of Competent Jurisdiction. 
As regards the laws of the Irish Legislature, every 
court before which any of these may come — be it the 
Supreme Court, a Court of Quarter Sessions, or a 
Petty Sessions Court — may be called upon to determine 
the validity of the law which it is required to enforce. 
Its decision may be the subject of appeal to the 
Exchequer Judges, and from their decision an appeal 
will lie to Her Majesty the Queen in Council. (See 
Clause 19 (4) of the Bill). 

Another result of the denial (and the necessary 
denial, having regard to the manner in which this Bill 
is framed), to the Irish Legislature of the power to 
make absolute laws, must be that every official in Ireland, 
from the highest to the lowest, who attempts to enforce 
the provisions of any law passed by the Irish Legisla- 
ture, will render himself liable to be involved in 
litigation, if it can be suggested that the law in question 
is in contravention of either section 3 or section 4, and 
may render himself liable to be mulcted in heavy- 
damages should it turn out that such suggestion is well 
founded. It is, at all events open to contention, that 
the placing on the Irish consolidated fund of a single 
charge in contravention of any provision of either clause 
3 or clause 4 — say a charge amounting even indirectly 
to an endowment of religion or a salar)' payable to a 
person on account of religious belief — would render 
illegal the collection of any tax, the proceeds of which 
would go to the credit of that fund, and would enable 
the tax-payers to refuse payment of all such taxes. 

{Tp be contir?7ied.) 



HOME RULE IN MINIATURE. 



"REWARDED FOR THEIR SERVICES" AT THE EX- 
PENSE OF THE SHAREHOLDERS OF THE 

FREEMAN'S JOURNAL. 

The following is an extract from the report of 
the Freeman meeting in the Daily Independent 
(it does not appear in the Freeman's report) : — 

The Chairman pointed out that the Committee had 
submitted a great deal of information in connection 
with the staff and other matters which were of a 
private nature, and not to be dealt with there. 

Mr. Gray, continuing, said that one of the chief 
reasons for the additional expenditure was the super- 
abundant staff, which was altogether due to the present 
board, as they had appointed a number of ge?itlemen for 
wliom there was no necessity., but as a reward for their 
political services. (Cries of " Name, name, name "), 

A Voice — To save the company from bankruptcy. 

Mr. Ross— To bring it to bankruptcy. , 

Mr. Gray said he would be prepared to give the 
names to the Committee. 1 his staff would have to 
be reduced. 

A Shareholder — Fire them out. — Daily Independent, 
3rd May, 1893. 



NOTES FROM IRELAND 



* * A Record of the sayings and doings of the Home Rule Parties in the furtherance of their " Separatist" Policy 
for Ireland ; and of facts connected with the country. For the information of the Imperial Parliament^ the Pnss, 
and tlie Public generally. 



No. 19— Vol. 1.— New Series. 



13th may, 1893. 



Price Id. 



® n t E n t s . 

Value op Land in Countt Lodth — ^Sales under 

THE Land Pukcuase Act — They object to be 

Evicted 

Mental and Moral PiiiLosoniY at Maynooth 

College 
Our Future Rulers— Irish Priestly Methods with 

a Protestant MiNoKiTY 
The Priest in Politics — Clerical Rule in Canada 

— Poor Mr. Davitt ! 

Explosive Outrage in Dii-.lix —Outrage in County 

Clare 
The Government and Nationalist Outrages — Mr. 

Gladstone's Distrust op Roman Catholics ... 

A Diurnal 

The Plan of Campaign Kevivkh 

A Legal Opinion on the Home Rule Bill ... 

The Exclusion of North-East Ulster — A 

Christian Archbishop's Advice 



149 

150 

151 

16-' 

153 

154 
155 

157 

158 



VALUE OP LAND IN COUNTY 
LOUTH. 



On Saturday last Messrs. R. B. Daly and Son offered 
for sale at their auction rooms, Drogheda, the tenant's 
interest in the farm of Phillipstown, the property of the 
late Thomas Mathews, Esq.. J. P., deceased. The farm 
is situate about one and a half miles from Drogheda, 
and contains 300 statute acres, equal to 185 Irish acres 
or thereabouts, with herd's house and extensive offices 
erected thereon, held for a statutory term under the 
Land Law (Ireland) Acts, at the annual rent of ^335. 
There was a very large attendance, and after brisk 
competition, the farm was knocked down to Mr. 
M'Dermott, victualler, Drogheda, at ^2,700 and auc- 
tioneer's commission. The sale was conducted by 
Mr. (jleorge Daly, of above firm, Mr. John Cavanagh, 
solicitor, 13 College Green, Dublin, having carriage of 
the proceedings. — Irish Timcs^ 9th May, 1893. 



SALES UNDER THE LAND 
PURCHASE ACT. 



The Dublin Gazette of the 5th May, 1893, contained 
particulars of 146 completed sales under the Land 
Purchase Act, amounting toX62,292. These included 
14 by the Marquis of Londonderry, in Down, for 
^^4,828; 11 by the Earl of Lanesborough, in 
Fermanagh, for ^,^4,092 ; 26 in the same county by 
Sarah Jane Hall, for ;^8,35o; and 17 also in 
Fermanagh, by the Earl of Enniskillen, for ^4,671; 
while on the Hunter estate in Derry 16 occupiers 
became owners for ;^2,S26 ; and the Ironmongers' 



Company sold four farms for ^2,792. In Munster 
one holding was disposed of for ^^^3,000, and a couple 
at ^2,000 each. Sixteen tenants on the Longfield 
estate in Cork bought their holdings for ^4,034, while 
3 tenants of N. C. Longfield purchased at ^3,203. In 
the Co. Tipperary the trustees of H. C. Bowen parted 
with the ownership of six farms for ^3,030, and a like 
number of holdings in Tipperary on the Buckley estate 
brought ;^2, 47 1. A schedule of advances to tenants 
sanctioned by the Land Commission is also given. Thi.s 
includes ;^4, 90 1 to 16 tenants of Sir Robert Harvey, 
and £,\,22\ to 7 tenants of Lady Wallace in Antrim ; 
^^3,428 to 15 tenants of the Earl of Enniskillen in 
Fermanagh, ^3,025 to 11 tenants of the Earl of 
Granard in Longford, and ^13,945 to 31 tenants 
on Sir R. Denny's property in Kerry. Duiing the 
month of March 1 1 7 agreements fixing fair rents were 
lodged with the Commission — viz., 82 in Ulster, 15 in 
Connau"ht, and 20 in Munster. 



THEY OBJECT TO BE EVICTED. 



THE NON-RESIGNATION OF THE FREEMAN 
DIRECTORS. 

Messrs. Mooney, Dillon and Healy have refused to 
resign their seats on the Board of the freeman s 
Journal Company, and consequently the proposals of 
the committee of shareholders cannot be carried out. 
The Irish Catholic^ which is reported to be the organ 
of Mr. T. M. Healy, has a long attack on the manner 
on which the vote was taken in favour of the proposed 
retirement of the directors, and Mr. John Dillon, M.P., 
is credited with having insisted on the bargain being 
carried out. The article declares : — 

" It is true that a bond had been given, and that Mr. 
Dillon, like Shakespeare's Jew, was bent on having his 
pound of flesh, but somehow it seems to us that a 
gleam of inspiration might have led to such a decision 
as made Venice rejoice of old, that, if he should have 
it, he should take it without spilling the life-blood of 
the Freeman by destroying its political influence or 
annihilating national confidence in its columns." 

It was stated yesterday that a requisition is in course 
of signature for the purpose of calling an extraordinary 
general meeting of the shareholders. — Daily Express, 
5th May, 1893. 



NOTES FROM IRELAND. 



MENTAL AND MORAL PHILOSOPHY 
AT MAYNOOTH COLLEaS. 



THE ENGLISH MILITARY OFFICER AND THE 
REVEREND PROFESSOR. 

(Abbreviated from report in Irish Times, loth May, 1S93). 
At the Lucan Petty Sessions, yesterday, an interesting 
case of trespass was heard, in which an officer of the 
Scots' (iuards, Mr. Sergison, was plaintiff, and a Roman 
Catholic clergyman. Rev. Thomas E. Judge, professor 
of mental and moral philosophy, Maynooth College, 
was the defendant. The little courthouse was crowded, 
and a number of ladies and gentlemen from Dublin 
were present during the hearing of the action. 

Dr. Henry Fitzgibbon, being the senior magistrate 
present, presided on the bench, and the following 
justices of the peace supported him : — 

W. G. R. F. Godley, A. M'Clelland, W. E. Ratler, 
W. Bobbett, Captain Tuthill, J. VV. Hill, D. Belbarry. 
. . . . Mr. Shannon said his client, Mr. Charles 
Warden Sergison, is a Deputy-Lieutenant and Justice 
of the Peace for the County of Sussex, and a Lieu- 
tenant in the Scots' Guards, now stationed at Rich- 
mond Barracks, Dublin. On coming to Dublin with 
his regiment, some six months ago, Mr. Sergison 
became the tenant of Colonel Vesey for Lucan House 
and demesne. Colonel Vesey for many years had 
allowed the people the privilege of walking about his 
demesne on foot, and Mr. Sergison since he became 
the tenant