STUDY OUTLINE SERIES
QUESTIONS OF THE HOUR
SOCIAL, ECONOMIC, INDUSTRIAL
JUSTINA LEAVITT WILSON
THE H. W. WILSON COMPANY
WHITE PLAINS, N. Y., AND NEW YORK CITY
The Study Outline and Its Use
The series includes outlines on art, literature,
travel, Biography, history and present day ques-
The outlines vary in length. If more topics
are given than the number of club meetings for
the season, those topics that are more difficult
to handle or on which there is less available
material, may be dropped. If there are fewer
topics than the scheduled meetings, certain topics
may be divided.
Lists of books are appended to most of the
outlines. It would be well for the club to own
some of the recommended books. Others can
be obtained either from the local public library
-or from the state traveling library. When, very
full lists are given it is not necessary for any
club to use all the books, but the longer list leaves
more room for choice.
The best material on some subjects may be
found, not in books, but in magazines. These
may be looked up under the subject in the
Readers' Guide to Periodical Literature. Maga-
zine articles and illustrated material may be ob-
tained from the Wilson Package Library. For
terms see fourth page of cover.
A list of the study outlines now in print will be
found on page three of this cover. For later
additions to the list write to publisher.
QUESTIONS OF THE HOUR
SOCIAL, ECONOMIC, INDUSTRIAL
based 'on twenty-two volumes in the Debaters 9
Handbook Series and the Handbook Series
JUSTINA LEAVITT WILSON
THE H. W. WILSON COMPANY
WHITE PLAINS. N. Y.. AND NEW YORK CITY
In offering these nineteen lessons it is hoped to in-
troduce the reader and student to the most concise,
reliable and well organized material to be found on the
subjects under discussion.
The Debaters' Handbooks upon which the outlines
are based contain reprints selected from magazines,
pamphlets and official documents to cover all phases
of the question considered. Material which is not re-
printed is listed in the complete bibliographies included
in the handbooks. The volumes may all be found in
any well equipped library.
In most instances the heading of the lesson is the
same as the title of the handbook to which references
are made. When more than one handbook is used for
a lesson, footnotes indicate the grouping. A few arti-
cles are listed which are not found in the handbooks.
In that case the date of the issue is given. References
are also made to a few books.
The subjects are all timely. Many of them are
unsolved social, economic and industrial problems which
are pressing for solution and are demanding general
participation, at least to the extent of an independent,
HANDBOOKS UPON WHICH OUTLINE is BASED
Agricultural Credit Edna D. Bullock
Child Labor Edna D. Bullock
Compulsory Arbitration of Industrial Disputes
L. T. Beman
Compulsory Insurance Edna D. Bullock
Employment of Women Edna D. Bullock
Federal Control of Interstate Corporations
Edith M. Phelps
Government Ownership of Railroads Edith M. Phelps
Government Ownership of Telegraph and Telephone
Katherine B. Judson
Immigration Mary K. Reely
Income Tax Edith M. Phelps
Minimum Wage Mary K. Reely
Monroe Doctrine Edith M. Phelps
Mothers' Pensions Edna D. Bullock
Joy E. Morgan and Edna D. Bullock
National Defense. Corinne Bacon
Open Versus Closed Shop E. Clyde Robbins
Prohibition of the Liquor Traffic L. T. Beman
Single Tax Edna D. Bullock
Socialism E. Clyde Robbins
Unemployment Julia E. Johnsen
Woman Suffrage Edith M. Phelps
Trade Unions. . , .Edna D. Bullock
CHILD LABOR 9
EMPLOYMENT OF WOMEN 10
MOTHERS' PENSIONS 1 1
WOMAN SUFFRAGE 12
PROHIBITION OF THE LIQUOR TRAFFIC 13
MINIMUM WAGE 16
ORGANIZATION OF LABOR 17
OPEN versus CLOSED SHOP 19
MUNICIPAL OWNERSHIP 20
FEDERAL CONTROL OF INTERSTATE CORPORATIONS... 21
AGRICULTURAL CREDIT 25
COMPULSORY INSURANCE 26
MONROE DOCTRINE 28
NATIONAL DEFENSE 29
WORLD PEACE 30
STUDY OUTLINES ON
QUESTIONS OF THE HOUR
1. History of European immigration.
Conclusions and recommendations. (United States. Im-
migration Commission. Abstract of Reports.) H.
Folkmar, Daniel. Some results of the first census of
European races in the United States. (Science.) H.
Ripley, William Z. Races in the United States. (Atlantic
Monthly.) H. p. 53-8.
2. Asiatic immigration.
Brooks, Sidney. Real Pacific question. (Harper's
Weekly.) H. p. 275-6.
Eliot, Thomas L. Moral and social interests involved in
restricting Oriental immigration. (Annals of the
American Academy.) H. p. 297-306.
Hutchinson, Woods. Mongolian as workingman. (World's
Work.) H. p. 289-95.
Japanese and other immigrant races in the Pacific coast
and Rocky mountain states. (United States. Immi-
gration Commission, Abstracts of Reports.) H. p. 253-
Nutting, H. C. Immigration from the Orient. (Nation.)
H. p. 272-4.
Coolidge, Mary R. Chinese immigration. Holt, N. Y.
Russell, Lindsay, ed. America to Japan. Putnam, N. Y.
3. Advantages and disadvantages of continued immigra-
Brooks, John G. Human side of immigration. (Cen-
tury.) H. p. 155-61.
8 STUD? OUTLINES ON
A)^JM\ U,>: ;
Fetter, Frank A. Population or prosperity. (American
Economic Review.) H. p. 77-81.
Hornwich, Isaac A. Immigration and labor: a summary.
H. p. 187-97-
Kellor, Frances A. Needed A domestic policy. (North
American Review.) H. p. 209-16.
Kent, William. Immigration. (Congressional Record.)
H. p. 113-17-
Ward, Robert DeC. Agricultural distribution of immi-
grants. (Popular Science Monthly.) H. p. 120-8.
4. The literacy test.
Addams, Jane. Pen and book as tests of character. (Sur-
vey.) H. p. 219-21.
Harvey, George. Bogy of alien illiteracy. (North Ameri-
can Review.) H. p. 227-9.
Kohler, Max J. Injustices of the literacy test for immi-
grants. American Jewish Committee.
Lee, Joseph. Democracy and the illiteracy test. (Sur-
vey.) H. p. 131-4.
Boswell, Helen V. Promoting Americanization. (Annals
of the American Academy, March, 1916.)
Dixon, Royal. Americanization. Macmillan, N. Y. 1916.
Kellor, Frances A. Americanization. (Annals of the
American Academy, May, 1916.)
Mason, G. Americanization factory. (Outlook, Feb. 23,
QUESTIONS OF THE HOUR
1. History and causes.
Abbott, Edith. Early history of child labor in America.
(American Journal of Sociology.) H. p. 3-9.
Ellis, Leonora B. Movement to restrict child labor.
(Arena.) H. p. 9-17.
2. Evils of child labor.
Adler, Felix. Child labor in the United States and its
great attendant evils. (Annals of the American Acad-
emy.) H. p. 18-25.
Freiberg, Albert H. Some of the ultimate physical effects
of premature toil. H. p. 34-40.
Harmon, William E. Handicaps in late years from child
labor. (Annals of the American Academy.) H. p. 74-7.
Lovejoy, Owen R. Child labor and family disintegra-
tion. (Independent.) H. p. 78-83.
3. Child labor and education.
Kirkland, James H. School as arrayed against child
labor. (Annals of the Amerian Accademy.) H. p. 87-9.
Lovejoy, Owen R. Will trade training solve the child-
labor problem? (North American Review.) H. p. 89-
Special report on needs and possibilities of part-time edu-
cation. (Massachusetts. Board of Education. 1913.)
H. p. 223-9.
Kelly, Florence. Federal child labor law. (Survey. Ag.
Lovejoy, Owen R. Test of effective child-labor legisla-
tion. (Annals of the American Academy.) H. p. 168-
Sanford, Albert H. Rational basis of legislation for
women and children. H. p. 234-8.
Sumner, Helen L., and Merritt, Ella A. Child labor leg-
islation in the United States. (United States. De-
partment of Labor Children's Bureau. Industrial
Series No. I.)
IO STUDY OUTLINES ON
EMPLOYMENT OF WOMEN
1. History and growth.
Abbott, Edith. Women in industry. 1910. Appleton.
MacLean, Annie M. Factory legislation for women in
the United States. (American Journal of Sociology.)
H. p. 5-11.
Swiney, Frances. Women's industries, past and present.
H. p. I39-47-
Bullock, Edna D. Introduction. H. p. 1-4.
Hamilton, Alice. Industrial diseases with special refer-
ence to the trades in which women are employed.
(Charities and the Commons.) H. p. 57-62.
Women factory slaves. (Literary Digest, Feb. 8, '13.)
3. Remedial legislation.
Legal working day of women. (Independent.) H. p. 91-2.
Ryan, John A. Minimum wage laws to date. (Catholic
World, Jan. '15.)
Some new state laws affecting women's work. (Survey,
May 3, '13.)
4. Economic independence of women
Harper, Ida H. Women ought to work. (Independent.)
H. p. 63-70.
Martin, Edward S. Economic independence of women.
(Ladies' Home Journal, May '13.)
QUESTIONS OF THE HOUR II
1. Object of granting pensions to widowed mothers.
Bullock, Edna D. Brief. H. p. ix.
Hard, William. Financing motherhood. (Delineator.)
H. p. 91-108.
Howe, Frederic C., and Howe, Marie J. Pensioning the
widow and the fatherless. (Good Housekeeping.) H.
Park, Clara C. Widows' pensions. (Survey.) H. p. 137-9.
Needy mother and the neglected child. (Outlook.) H.
2. The law at work.
Bullock, Edna D. Introduction. H. p. i.
Edmonds, T. J., and Hexter, Maurice B. State pensions
to mothers in Hamilton County, Ohio. (Survey.) H.
Halbert, L. A. Widows' allowance act in Kansas City.
(Survey.) H. p. 8-12.
Sheffield, A. E. Administration of the Mothers' act law
in Massachusetts. (Survey. ) H. p. 72-80.
Almy, Frederic. Public pensions to widows. (Child.) H.
3. Objections to pensioning widows.
Carstens, C. C. Public pensions to widows with children.
(Survey.) H. p. 159-75-
Devine, Edward T. Pension for mothers. (American
Labor Legislative Review.) H. p. 176-88.
12 STUDY OUTLINES ON
T. History and progress of woman suffrage.
Blackwell, Alice S. Gains in equal suffrage. H. p. 5-8.
Bjorkman, Frances M., and Porritt, Annie G. Where
women vote. (Woman suffrage: History, arguments,
results.) H. p. 153-81. ,
Harper, Ida H. World movement for woman suffrage. H.
Harper, Ida H. Brief history of the movement for
woman suffrage in the United States. H. p. 181-3.
2. Arguments for and against the ballot for women.
Breckinridge, D. P. Political equality for women and
women's wages. (Annals of the American Academy.)
H. p. 262-74.
Eastman, Max. Is woman suffrage important? (North
American Review.) H. p. 48-53.
George, Mrs. A. J. Address before the Brooklyn Aux-
iliary, April 30, 1909. H. p. 154-62.
Jones, Mrs. Gilbert S. Some facts about suffrage and
anti-suffrage. H. p. 113-18.
3. Results of woman suffrage in operation.
Byrnes, Einor, and Ranlett, Helen A. Man and woman-
made laws in the suffrage states. H. p. 186-213.
Frodsham, George H. Women's parliamentary franchise
in practice. (Nineteenth Century.) H. p. 243-53.
4. Federal amendment for woman suffrage.
Harper, Ida H. A national amendment for woman suf-
frage. H. p. 253-62.
QUESTIONS OF THE HOUR 13
PROHIBITION OF THE LIQUOR TRAFFIC
1. History and progress of the prohibition movement.
Beman, L. T. Introduction. H. p. 1-8.
Campbell, Philip P. The Hobson Amendment. (Con-
gressional Record.) H. p. 33-6.
Fanshawe, E. L. Liquor legislation in the United States
Sheldon, Charles M. What prohibition has done for
Kansas. (Independent.) H. p. 81-3.
2. The case against alcohol.
Bryan, William J. The case against alcohol. (Com-
moner.) H. p. 65-72.
Coleman, Walter M. Human biology. Physiological ef-
fects of alcohol. H. p. 9-10.
Colvin, D. Leigh. Congressional debate on national pro-
hibition. (Intercollegiate Statesman.) H. p. 23-30.
Fisher, Isaac. Rum and remedies. (Everybody's Maga-
zine.) H. p. 16-23.
Hanley, J. Frank. I hate the liquor traffic. H. p. 31-2.
Hobson, Richmond P. The truth about alcohol. (Con-
gressional Record.) H. p. 37-52.
3. Contentions of opponents to prohibition.
Bartholdt, Richard. Ten reasons why prohibition is
wrong. H. p. 144-56.
Goebel, Herman P. Personal rights and liberties of man.
(Congressional Record.) H. p. 160-3.
Miinsterberg, Hugo. Prohibition and social psychology.
(McClure's Magazine.) H. p. 93-107.
Underwood, Oscar W. National prohibition. (Congres-
sional Record.) H. p. 120-38.
4. Prohibition as a logical and effective remedy.
Blue, Fred O. Prohibition in West Virginia. H. p. 72-3.
Capper, Gov. Arthur. Prohibition in Kansas. H. p. 53-60.
Fisher, Irving. Labor world gain by prohibition. (Amer-
ican Issue, Ohio Edition.) H. p. 52-3.
14 STUDY OUTLINES ON
Contemporary Review. 67 : 744-60, May '95. Economic
cause of unemployment. John A. Hobson.
Edinburgh Magazine. 185 : 459-71, April '09. Unemploy-
ment: Its cause and cure. Sir Nathaniel Dunlop.
Johnsen, Julia. Introduction. H. p. 2.
2. Problem stated.
Kingsbury, John A. Our army of the unemployed. (Re-
view of Reviews.) H. p. 4-15.
Real problem of the unemployed. (Nation.) H. p. 232-4.
Webb, Sidney. The problem of unemployment in the
United Kingdom. (Annals of the American Academy.)
H. p. 142-59-
Alden. Democratic England, p. 87-121. Problem of the
Beveridge. Unemployment : a problem of industry.
3. Effect of unemployment on the standard of living.
Adams and Summer. Labor problems, p. 160-71. Pov-
erty, earnings and unemployment.
Streightoff. Standards of living among the industrial
people of America, p. 29-43. Unemployment.
4. How the problem has been met.
Chicago plan for meeting unemployment and destitution.
(Survey.) H. p. 35-8.
Coman, Katherine. Great Britain's experiment in com-
pulsory unemployment insurance. (Survey.) H. p. 54-
Sellars, Edith. How Switzerland deals with her unem-
ployed. (Nineteenth Century.) H. p. 38-54.
Stern, Leon. The drafters : unemployment problem of the
Southwest. (Survey.) H. p. 26-35.
Tarbell, Ida M. The golden rule in business. (Ameri-
can magazine.) H. p. 16-25.
QUESTIONS OF THE HOUR 15
Advantages and disadvantages of a national system
of public labor exchanges.
Andrews, J. B. A national system of labor exchanges.
(New Republic.) H. p. 81-96.
Devine, Edward T. Employment bureau for the people
of New York City. (Annals of the American Acad-
emy.) H. p. 161-74.
Kellor, Frances A. Is unemployment a municipal prob-
lem (National Municipal Review.) H. p. 136-42.
Murdock, Victor. For a bureau of employment. (Con-
gressional Record.) H. p. 97-110.
Tarbell, Ida M. The golden rule in business. (American
Magazine.) p. 16-25.
l6 STUDY OUTLINES ON
1. Early experiment.
Reely, Mary K. Introduction. H. p. 1-6.
2. Need for regulation of wages.
Laughlin, J. Laurence. Wages and producing power. (At-
lantic Monthly.) H. p. 130-2.
Lippmann, Walter. Campaign against sweating. (New
Republic.) H. p. 42-55.
Manly, Basil M. Labor conditions in American indus-
tries. (Report of Commission on Industrial Rela-
tions.) H. p. 7-9.
Ryan, John A. Minimum wage legislation. (Catholic
World.) H. p. 38-42.
3. Economic theory of minimum wage.
Seager, Henry R. Theory of the minimum wage. (Amer-
ican Labor Legislation Review.) H. p. 67-70.
Smith, H. B. L. Economic theory and proposals for legal
minimum wage. (Economic Journal.) H. p. 147-8.
Webb, Sidney. Economic theory of a legal minimum
wage. (Journal of Political Economy.) H. p. 59-67.
4. Minimum wage in operation.
Barnes, G. S. Working of minimum wage law in Eng-
land. (Report of New York Factory Investigating
Commission, 1915.) H. p. 105-6.
Effects of the minimum wage in Oregon. (Survey.) H.
Legislative minimum wage. (Report of the Industrial
Betterment Committee of the National Association of
Manufacturers.) H. p. 191-6.
Taylor, A. .W. Operating of the minimum wage law in
the state of Washington. (American Economic Re-
view.) H. p. 85-9.
QUESTIONS OF THE HOUR 17
ORGANIZATION OF LABOR
1. *Trade unions.
(1) Historical, descriptive and critical exposition of
Boyle, James. Organized labor and court decisions. (Fo-
rum.) H. p. 80-96.
Gompers, Samuel. Labor's struggle for the right to or-
ganize. (Outlook.) H. p. 54-60.
Trade Unions. (Funk & Wagnalls Standard Encyclope-
dia of the World's Knowledge.) H. p. 5-11.
(2) Benefits and drawbacks of trade unions to mem-
bers and to society.
Fay, Charles N. Value of existing trade-unionism. (At-
lantic Monthly.) H. p. 157-76.
Prescott, William B. Service of labor unions in the set-
tlement of industrial disputes. (Annals of the Ameri-
can Academy.) H. p. 110-16.
Reynolds, James B. Benefits of labor unions. (Peters,
J. P. Labor and Capital, p. 55-61.) H. p. 107-10.
Eliot, Charles W. Labor unions: Their good features
and their evil ones. (Cassier's Magazine.) H. p. 176-
87. ' , _ LU^
1 i ) Economic waste of strikes.
Losses from strikes and lockouts. (Report of the Indus-
trial Commission.) H. p. 3-4.
(2) Advantages and disadvantages of compulsory
Brown, Joseph M. Compulsory arbitration necessary.
(Governor's Message to the General Assembly of
Georgia.) H. p. 117-27.
* Debaters' handbook, "Trade Unions," Bullock.
t Debaters' handbook, "Compulsory Arbitration of Industrial Disputes,"
l8 STUDY OUTLINES ON
Clark, John B. Do we want compulsory arbitration? (In-
dependent.) H. p. 63-7.
Doyle, Cornelius J. Compulsory arbitration in the United
States. (Annals of the American Academy.) H. p.
Gompers, Samuel. Lessons for compulsory arbitration-
ists. (American Federationist.) H. p. 133-39.
Lloyd, Henry D. Arbitration courts a logical necessity.
(Peters, J. P. Labor and Capital, p. 185.) H. p. 39-49.
QUESTIONS OF THE HOUR IQ
OPEN versus CLOSED SHOP
1. Collective bargaining: Its origin and progress.
Commons, John R. Trade unionism and labor problems,
p. 1-13. H. p. 10-21.
Definitions of national and local unions. (U. S. Indus-
trial Commission.) H. p. 5-6.
"Principle" of the open shop. (Gunton.) H. p. 21-32.
Trade union postulates. (Independent.) H. p. 32-4.
2. Demand for closed shop.
Bliss, W. D. P. Closed shop. (New Encyclopedia of
Social Reform.) H. p. 59-62.
Brooks, J. G. New peril for the trade union. (Interna-
tional.) H. p. 68-81.
Walling, William E. Open shop means destruction of the
unions. (Independent.) H. p. 63-7.
White, Henry. Union and the open shop. (American
Economic Association.) H. p. 35-42.
3. Advantages of the open shop.
Bliss, W. D. P. Open shop. (New Encyclopedia of So-
cial Reform.) H. p. 152-4.
Drew, Walter. Open or closed shop which? (American
Industries.) H. p. 114-21.
Pfahler, William H. Free shops for free men. (Ameri-
can Economic Review.) H. p. 103-9.
White, Henry. Issues of the open and closed shop.
(North American.) H. p. 169-82.
20 STUDY OUTLINES ON
1. Nature of utilities best regulated by the public.
Dunne, Edward F. Municipal ownership What it means.
(Reader.) H. p. 46-8.
Ely, Richard T. Municipal ownership of natural monopo-
lies. (North American Review.) H. p. 94-105.
Municipal ownership. (Outlook.) H. p. 18-22.
2. Advantages of municipal ownership.
Argument of the municipal ownership of a street railway
company. (City Hall.) H. p. 88-94.
Ely, Richard T. Advantages of public ownership and
management of natural monopolies. H. p. 61-7.
Dunne, Edward F. Our fight for municipal ownership.
(Independent.) H. p. 55-61.
Parsons, Frank. Fifteen reasons why the people should
own their own public utilities. (Arena.) H. p. 39-40.
3. Objections to municipal ownership.
Cravath, James R. Municipal ownership of electric light
plants. (World To-Day.) H. p. 114-23.
Hill, John W. Comparison of the cost of steam power in
municipal and privately-operated plants. (Engineer-
ing Magazine.) H. p. 141-3.
Jones, Chester L. American municipal services from the
standpoint of the entrepreneur. (Annals of the Amer-
ican Academy.) H. p. 143-57.
Thurber, F. B. Arguments against municipal ownership.
(North American Review.) H. p. 133-40.
4. Municipal ownership in practice.
Burdett, Everett W. Municipal ownership in Great Brit-
ain. (Journal of Political Economy.) H. p. 164-80.
Donald, Robert. Municipal ownership of street railways
in Glasgow. (Outlook.) H. p. 80-8.
Municipal ownership. (Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. City
Clerk. Municipal Manual.) H. p. 234-6.
Rowe, Leo S. Municipal ownership and operation of
street railways in Germany. (Annals of the American
Academy.) H. p. 75-9.
QUESTIONS OF THE HOUR 21
FEDERAL CONTROL OF INTERSTATE CORPORATIONS
1. General Discussion.*
1 i ) Federal control : Its history, methods and forms
Palmer, Henry W. Federal incorporation. (National
Conference on Trusts and Combinations, Proceedings.)
H. p. 132-41.
Phelps, Edith. Introduction. H. p. 1-4.
Roberts, Ernest W. Federal incorporation of interstate
corporations. (Annals of the American Academy.)
H. p. 224-30.
Corporation law. (Report of the Commissioner of Cor-
porations.) H. p. 65-81.
Incorporation under Federal law. (Journal of Political
Economy.) H. p. 52-4.
Newlands, Francis G. Federal trade commission bill.
(Review of Reviews.) H. p. 230-38.
2. Government ownership of railroads.f
(1) Government ownership vs. private control.
Davis, C. Wood. Should the nation own the railways?
(Arena.) H. p. 68-82.
Knapp, Martin A. Government ownership of railroads.
(Annals of the American Academy.) H. p. 24-35.
Robertson, William A. Argument against Government
railroads in the United States. (Annals of the Ameri-
can Academy.) H. p. 146-56.
(2) Progress of railway nationalization.
Eltzbacher, O. Railways of Germany. (Contemporary
Review.) H. p. 97-103.
* Debaters' handbook, "Federal control of interstate corporations,"
t Debaters' handbook, "Government ownership of railroads," Phelps.
22 STUDY OUTLINES ON
Hirsch, Max. Government railways in Australia. (Pub-
lic.) H. p. 112-14.
Holcombe, A. N. First decade of the Swiss Federal rail-
ways. (Quarterly Journal of Economics.) H. p. 104-
Meyer, Ballhasar H. Railway legislation in the United
States. Macmillan, N. Y. 1903.
3. Government ownership of telegraph and telephone.*
1 i ) Complexity of problems : Two sides of the ques-
tion. Introduction. H. p. 1-3.
Governmental and private telegraph and telephone utili-
ties: an analysis. (American Telephone and Tele-
graph Co.) H. p. 129-57.
Lewis, John D. Government ownership of the telegraph
and telephone. (Congressional Record.) H. p. 41-87.
Russell, Charles T. Some legal phrases of the proposi-
tion for Federal ownership and operation of the tele-
phone. H. p. 7-10.
(2) Government ownership in operation.
Brooks, Sydney. Public ownership abroad. (Concerning
Municipal Ownership.) H. p. 179-87.
Lewis, David J. Government ownership of the telegraph
and telephone. (Congressional Record.) H. p. 64-6.
Mansfield, R. H. Swiss telegraph and telephone conducted
by the government. (Monthly Consular and Trade
Reports.) H. p. 120-2.
* Debaters' handbook, Government ownership of telegraph and tele-
QUESTIONS OF THE HOUR 23
1. Income tax.f
(1) Definition, principle and history.
Bliss, W. D. P. Income tax. (Cyclopedia of Social Re-
form.) H. p. 9-10.
Blunden, G. H. Position and function of the income tax
in the British fiscal system. (Economic Journal.) H.
O'Neill, John J. Graduated income tax. H. p. 11-16.
Phelps, Edith. Introduction. H. p. 1-7.
Seligman, E. R. A. Income tax: A study of the history,
theory and practice of income taxation at home and
abroad. Macmillan, N. Y. 1911.
(2) Objections and answers.
Cummins, Albert B. Reason for the income tax. (Inde-
pendent.) H. p. 70-5.
Post, Philip S. Income tax : A study of its advantages as
a form of Federal taxation . (Outlook.) H. p. 99-108.
Seligman, Edwin R. A. American income tax. (Eco-
nomic Journal.) H. p. 35-42.
Wells, David A. Income tax: Is it desirable. H. p. 51-63.
Post, Philip S. Income tax: A study of its advantages
and disadvantages as a form of Federal taxation.
(Outlook.) H. p. 99-108.
Seligman, Edwin R. A. Income-tax amendment. (Politi-
cal Science Quarterly.) H. p. 110-35.
2. Single tax.J
Bullock, Edna. Brief. H. p. ix-xiii.
* Among the forms of direct taxation are the real estate and income
tax. The outline offered here covers one phase of real estate and the
whole of income tax.
t Debaters' handbook, "Income tax," Phelps.
$ Debaters' handbook, "Single tax," Bullock.
24 STUDY OUTLINES ON
Howe, Frederic C. Way toward the model city. H. p. 63-
Ingersoll, Charles H. Recent status of the single tax
movement here and abroad. H. p. 38-47.
Single tax. (World Almanac.) H. p. 32-5.
(2) Advantages and disadvantages of the system.
Garland, Hamlin. Single tax in actual application.
(Arena.) H. p. 75 -81.
Johnson, Alvin S. Case against the single tax. (Atlantic
Monthly.) H. p. 127-39.
Typical objections to land value taxation. (Public.) H.
QUESTIONS OF THE HOUR 25
1. Nature, purpose and status of agricultural credit.
Herrick, Myron T. The farmer and finance. (Atlantic
Monthly.) H. p. 3-14.
Jenkins, W. H. Financial help for American farmers.
(Craftsman.) H. p. 30-4.
Kemmerer, E. W. Agricultural credit in the United
States. (American Economic Review.) H. p. 34-50.
Moss, Ralph W. Low-rate, long-time money for the
farms. (World's Work.) H. p. 65-9.
Van Cortlandt, R. B. What is agricultural credit? (North
American Review.) H. p. 173-7.
2. European systems.
Jones, Gordon. Can European rural credit systems be
made applicable to the American farmer. (Nebraska
Farmers' Congress Official Year Book, 1914.) H. p. 69-
Lubin, David. A letter to Senator Duncan U. Fletcher.
H. p. 56-64.
Price, H. C. How European agriculture is financed.
(Popular Science Monthly.) H. p. 88-102.
Robinson, Leonard G. Scientific farming and scientific
financing. (Annals of the American Academy.) H.
3. Progress in America.
Kemmerer, S. W. Agricultural credit in the United
States. (American Economic Review.) H. p. 34-50.
Parr, John. Unfinancial farmer. (Everybody's.) H.
Sinclair, John F. Co-operative credit. (Chap. Ill, Co-
operative credit in the United States.) H. p. 120-4.
4. Legislation in America.
National rural banking systems; Outline of a plan to es-
tablish a rural banking system in the United States as
proposed by the bill S. 2909. (63d Cong, ist Sess.
Senate Doc. 158.)
Rural credit and farm-land banks. (Independent.) H.
26 STUDY OUTLINES ON
1. Advisability of compulsory insurance for working
Henderson, Charles R. Logic of social insurance. (An-
nals of the American Academy.) H. p. 5-19.
Lewis, Frank W. "State insurance." Chapter 3. H. p. 50-
Rubinow, I. M. Compulsory insurance. (Chautauquan.)
H. p. 27-42.
2. Systems of insurance adopted in various countries.
Boyd, James H. Workingmen's insurance. (World To-
Day, July, 1911.)
Coman, Katherine. Old age and invalidity insurance in
Sweden. (Survey, Dec. 20, 1913.)
State insurance in Germany. (Review of Reviews, May,
3. Wastefulness of our system.
Brandeis, Louis D. Greatest life insurance wrong. (In-
dependent.) H. p. 42-50.
Dawson, Miles M. Employers' liability insurance. (In-
dustrial Engineering and the Engineering Digest.) H.
Irwin, Will. Industrial indemnity. (Century.) H. p. 104-
4. Legislative experiments showing a better way.
Cross, Ira B. Experience in state compensation insur-
ance in California. (Survey, May 22, 1915.)
Dawson, Miles M. System best adapted to the United
States. H. p. 88-97.
Experiment in state life insurance. (Outlook, Nov. 15,
QUESTIONS OF THE HOUR 27
1. Some types of socialism.
(1) Utopian Socialism.
Merriam, Alexander R. Some literary Utopias. (Hart-
ford Seminary Record.) H. p. 5-27.
Remarks on Mr. Owen's plan. (Blackwood's Magazine.)
H. p. 29-36.
(2) Christian Socialism.
Ludlow, J. M. Christian socialist movement of the mid-
dle of the century. (Atlantic Monthly.) H. p. 37-50.
Spahr, C. B. New socialism. (Nation.) H. p. 57-61.
(3) Marxian Socialism.
Marx, Karl, and Engels, Frederick. Communist mani-
festo. Excerpts. H. p. 63-79.
Spargo, John. Influence of Karl Marx on contemporary
socialism. (American Journal of Sociology.) H. p. 80-
(4) Progressive Socialism.
Kleene, G. A. Bernstein versus "Old-school" Marxism.
(Annals of the American Academy.) H. p. 107-29.
Whitaker, Herman. Natural selection, competition, and
socialism. (Arena.) H. p. 129-42.
2. Socialism vs. other forms of radicalism.
Levine, Louis. Syndicalism. (North American Re-
view.) H. p. 169-79.
Owen, William C. Anarchy versus socialism. H. p. 180-
3. Definitions of contemporary socialism.
Martin, John. Attempt to define socialism. (American
Economic Association Bulletin.) H. p. 215-23.
Spargo, John. Private property and personal liberty in
the socialist state. (North American Review.) H.
28 STUDY OUTLINES ON
1. Origin and import of the Monroe Doctrine.
Alvarez, Alejandro. Latin America and International
law. (American Journal of International Law.) H.
Phelps, Edith M. Introduction. H. p. 1-4.
2. Essential facts of the history of the Monroe Doctrine.
Mahan, A. T. Monroe Doctrine. (National Review.) H.
Moore, John B. Non-intervention and the Monroe Doc-
trine. (Harper's Magazine.) H. p. 5-18.
Wheless, Joseph. Monroe Doctrine and Latin America.
(Annals of the American Academy.) H. p. 76-94.
Woolsey, Theodore S. Monroe Doctrine fundamentals.
H. p. 64-71.
3. Shall the Monroe Doctrine continue as a part of the
permanent policy of the United States.
Bingham, Hiram. Should we abandon the Monroe Doc-
trine? (Journal of Race Development.) H. p. 179-99.
Blakeslee, George H. Should the Monroe Doctrine con-
tinue to be a policy of the United States? (American
Society of International Law Proceedings.) H. p. 94-
Dole, Charles F. Right and wrong of the Monroe Doc-
trine. (Atlantic Monthly.) H. p. 199-210.
Root, Elihu. Real Monroe Doctrine. (American Society
of International Law Proceedings.) H. p. 123-36.
QUESTIONS OF THE fcOJK
1. America's naval and military strength.
Statistics of the army and navy. (Congressional Record.)
H. p. 11-13.
Strength of naval powers. (Army and Navy Journal.)
H. p. 7-10.
Report of the Chief of Staff. (Congressional Record.)
H. p. 34-43.
Wilson, Woodrow. National defense: As discussed by
the president in his message. (American Review of
Reviews.) H. p. 17-25.
2. Preparedness and the preparedness program.
Citizen army. (Army and Navy Journal.) H. p. 93-4.
National Security League: Purpose and organization. H.
Taft, William Howard. The military and naval defenses
of the United States. What they are What they
should be. (Saturday Evening Post.) H. p. 111-33.
Stimson, Henry L. Military needs of the United States.
H. p. 69-76.
Roosevelt, Theodore. America and the world war. H.
3. Peace and the peace program.
Thirty reasons why our navy should not be increased.
(Advocate of Peace.) H. p. 186-93.
Memorandum of points in opposition to the increase of
the army and navy of the United States at the p'resent
time. H. p. 167-72.
Constant, Baron d'Estournelles de. Austria and her prob-
lems H. p. 157-60.
Vale, Charles. Militarism and sanity. (Forum.) H.
4. The martial and imperial policy vs. democracy.
Jefferson, Charles E. Christianity and international peace.
H. p. 161.
Wise, Stephen S. Must we have a larger army and navy?
H. p. 175-8.
Lane, Ralph N. A. America and the new world-state. H.
JO STUDY OUTLINES UN QUESTIONS OF THE HOUR
1. Two views of warfare.
Dymond, Jonathan. War: An inquiry into its causes, etc.
H. p. 1-4.
Hart, Sir Reginald C. Vindication of war. (Nineteenth
Century.) H. p. 120-6.
Monroe, William H. War and peace : The military point
of view. (North American Review.) H. p. 131-5.
Russell, Bertrand. Is a permanent peace possible? At-
lantic Monthly.) H. p. 201-6.
2. Law as a substitute for armed force.
Arbitration only law writ large. (Century.) H. p. 49-52.
Crosby, Ernest. Precedent for disarmament. (North
American Review.) H. p. 106-8.
Holt, Hamilton. League of peace. (Lake Mohonk Con-
ference on International Arbitration Report, 1915.) H.
Taft, William H. Proposed arbitration treaties with
Great Britain and France. H. p. 52-6.
Trueblood, Benjamin F. Case for limitation of arma-
3. The case for war.
Chittenden, H. M. Questions for pacifists. (Atlantic
Monthly.) H. p. 231-9.
Mahan, A. T. Place of force in international relations.
(North American Review.) H. p. 145-9.
Palmer, John M. Insurance of peace. (Scribner's Maga-
zine.) H. p. 135-8.
Wyatt, Harold F. God's test by war. (Nineteenth Cen-
tury.) H. p. 117-20.
4. World court.
Laidlaw, Sir Robert. International control of arma-
ments. (Contemporary Review.) H. p. 213-16.
Marburg, Theodore. World court and League of peace.
Gratis. Am. Soc. for Judicial Settlement of Interna-
tional Disputes. 1915.
Wilson, George G. International court of justice the next
step, H. p. 88-91.
List of Study Outlines
Active Citizenship. By Charles Davidson, Ph.D. A study
of citizenship in general and of the intelligent management of
local problems. Programs arranged according to the ques-
tion method, with topics for discussion in meetings and short
lists of books and documents which may be consulted. 40p.
City Beautiful: A Study of Town Planning and Municipal
Art. Prepared by Kate Louise Roberts. Twelve progr
with references for each; also a bibliography. i6p. 25c.
Contemporary Drama. Prepared by Prof. Arthur Beatt}
for the Wisconsin Library Commission. List of plays, most
important ones starred. Interpretative notes and suggestive
>deas for discussion and study. I2p 250.
Contemporary American Literature. Prepared by Anna
Lorraine Guthrie. Sixteen programs, with references for
each. Bibliography. 7Qp. 35c.
Contemporary English Literature. Prepared by Proi.
Arthur Beatty for the Wisconsin Library Commission.
List of most important works. Critical references. Certain
books studied with interpretative notes. 2ip 25c.
Dietetics. Programs for 10 club meetings. The study is
based on four selected books and the Farmers* Bulletins, rop.
Under one cover with "Home Economics."
Early American Literature. By Anna L. Guthrie. Seven-
teen programs with references for each. Bibliography. 5Qp.
England and Scotland: History and Travel. Prepared by
C. E. Fanning. Intended for travel study club which has a
historical foundation for its work. Bibliography. List of
additional topics. iop 25c,
Home Economics. Prepared by the Home Economics Di-
vision, Agricultural Extension Department, Purdue Univer-
sity. Programs for 10 club meetings, up. Under one cover
with "Dietetics." 25c.
Italian Art: A General Survey. Prepared for the Minne-
sota Library Commission. Chronological order of subjects
Mexico. Prepared by Study Club Department, Wisconsin
Library Commission. 2p. To be used in the same year with
South America Past, and Present or Panama. Under one
cover with Panama. 150..
Municipal Civics. Prepar- c' by Anna L. Guthrie. A topical
outline with references by page to books and periodicals.
Bibliography. 32p 250.
Panama. Prepared by L. E. Stearns for the Wisconsin
Library Commission. 4p. Under cover with Mexico.
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