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STUDY OUTLINE SERIES 



QUESTIONS OF THE HOUR 

SOCIAL, ECONOMIC, INDUSTRIAL 



PREPARED BY 
JUSTINA LEAVITT WILSON 



THE H. W. WILSON COMPANY 

WHITE PLAINS, N. Y., AND NEW YORK CITY 

1917 



The Study Outline and Its Use 

The series includes outlines on art, literature, 
travel, Biography, history and present day ques- 
tions. 

The outlines vary in length. If more topics 
are given than the number of club meetings for 
the season, those topics that are more difficult 
to handle or on which there is less available 
material, may be dropped. If there are fewer 
topics than the scheduled meetings, certain topics 
may be divided. 

Lists of books are appended to most of the 
outlines. It would be well for the club to own 
some of the recommended books. Others can 
be obtained either from the local public library 
-or from the state traveling library. When, very 
full lists are given it is not necessary for any 
club to use all the books, but the longer list leaves 
more room for choice. 

The best material on some subjects may be 
found, not in books, but in magazines. These 
may be looked up under the subject in the 
Readers' Guide to Periodical Literature. Maga- 
zine articles and illustrated material may be ob- 
tained from the Wilson Package Library. For 
terms see fourth page of cover. 

A list of the study outlines now in print will be 
found on page three of this cover. For later 
additions to the list write to publisher. 



QUESTIONS OF THE HOUR 

SOCIAL, ECONOMIC, INDUSTRIAL 



STUDY OUTLINES 

based 'on twenty-two volumes in the Debaters 9 
Handbook Series and the Handbook Series 



PREPARED BY 

JUSTINA LEAVITT WILSON 



THE H. W. WILSON COMPANY 

WHITE PLAINS. N. Y.. AND NEW YORK CITY 

1917 



INTRODUCTORY NOTE 

In offering these nineteen lessons it is hoped to in- 
troduce the reader and student to the most concise, 
reliable and well organized material to be found on the 
subjects under discussion. 

The Debaters' Handbooks upon which the outlines 
are based contain reprints selected from magazines, 
pamphlets and official documents to cover all phases 
of the question considered. Material which is not re- 
printed is listed in the complete bibliographies included 
in the handbooks. The volumes may all be found in 
any well equipped library. 

In most instances the heading of the lesson is the 
same as the title of the handbook to which references 
are made. When more than one handbook is used for 
a lesson, footnotes indicate the grouping. A few arti- 
cles are listed which are not found in the handbooks. 
In that case the date of the issue is given. References 
are also made to a few books. 

The subjects are all timely. Many of them are 
unsolved social, economic and industrial problems which 
are pressing for solution and are demanding general 
participation, at least to the extent of an independent, 
intelligent opinion. 



347859 



HANDBOOKS UPON WHICH OUTLINE is BASED 

Agricultural Credit Edna D. Bullock 

Child Labor Edna D. Bullock 

Compulsory Arbitration of Industrial Disputes 

L. T. Beman 

Compulsory Insurance Edna D. Bullock 

Employment of Women Edna D. Bullock 

Federal Control of Interstate Corporations 

Edith M. Phelps 

Government Ownership of Railroads Edith M. Phelps 
Government Ownership of Telegraph and Telephone 

Katherine B. Judson 

Immigration Mary K. Reely 

Income Tax Edith M. Phelps 

Minimum Wage Mary K. Reely 

Monroe Doctrine Edith M. Phelps 

Mothers' Pensions Edna D. Bullock 

Municipal Ownership 

Joy E. Morgan and Edna D. Bullock 

National Defense. Corinne Bacon 

Open Versus Closed Shop E. Clyde Robbins 

Prohibition of the Liquor Traffic L. T. Beman 

Single Tax Edna D. Bullock 

Socialism E. Clyde Robbins 

Unemployment Julia E. Johnsen 

Woman Suffrage Edith M. Phelps 

Trade Unions. . , .Edna D. Bullock 



CONTENTS 

IMMIGRATION 7 

CHILD LABOR 9 

EMPLOYMENT OF WOMEN 10 

MOTHERS' PENSIONS 1 1 

WOMAN SUFFRAGE 12 

PROHIBITION OF THE LIQUOR TRAFFIC 13 

UNEMPLOYMENT 14 

MINIMUM WAGE 16 

ORGANIZATION OF LABOR 17 

OPEN versus CLOSED SHOP 19 

MUNICIPAL OWNERSHIP 20 

FEDERAL CONTROL OF INTERSTATE CORPORATIONS... 21 

TAXATION 23 

AGRICULTURAL CREDIT 25 

COMPULSORY INSURANCE 26 

SOCIALISM 27 

MONROE DOCTRINE 28 

NATIONAL DEFENSE 29 

WORLD PEACE 30 



STUDY OUTLINES ON 
QUESTIONS OF THE HOUR 

IMMIGRATION 

1. History of European immigration. 

Conclusions and recommendations. (United States. Im- 

migration Commission. Abstract of Reports.) H. 

P. 35-45. 
Folkmar, Daniel. Some results of the first census of 

European races in the United States. (Science.) H. 

p. 58-64. 
Ripley, William Z. Races in the United States. (Atlantic 

Monthly.) H. p. 53-8. 

2. Asiatic immigration. 

Brooks, Sidney. Real Pacific question. (Harper's 

Weekly.) H. p. 275-6. 
Eliot, Thomas L. Moral and social interests involved in 

restricting Oriental immigration. (Annals of the 

American Academy.) H. p. 297-306. 
Hutchinson, Woods. Mongolian as workingman. (World's 

Work.) H. p. 289-95. 
Japanese and other immigrant races in the Pacific coast 

and Rocky mountain states. (United States. Immi- 

gration Commission, Abstracts of Reports.) H. p. 253- 

64. 
Nutting, H. C. Immigration from the Orient. (Nation.) 

H. p. 272-4. 
Coolidge, Mary R. Chinese immigration. Holt, N. Y. 

1904. 
Russell, Lindsay, ed. America to Japan. Putnam, N. Y. 



3. Advantages and disadvantages of continued immigra- 
tion. 

Brooks, John G. Human side of immigration. (Cen- 
tury.) H. p. 155-61. 



8 STUD? OUTLINES ON 

A)^JM\ U,>: ; 

Fetter, Frank A. Population or prosperity. (American 
Economic Review.) H. p. 77-81. 

Hornwich, Isaac A. Immigration and labor: a summary. 
H. p. 187-97- 

Kellor, Frances A. Needed A domestic policy. (North 
American Review.) H. p. 209-16. 

Kent, William. Immigration. (Congressional Record.) 
H. p. 113-17- 

Ward, Robert DeC. Agricultural distribution of immi- 
grants. (Popular Science Monthly.) H. p. 120-8. 

4. The literacy test. 

Addams, Jane. Pen and book as tests of character. (Sur- 
vey.) H. p. 219-21. 

Harvey, George. Bogy of alien illiteracy. (North Ameri- 
can Review.) H. p. 227-9. 

Kohler, Max J. Injustices of the literacy test for immi- 
grants. American Jewish Committee. 

Lee, Joseph. Democracy and the illiteracy test. (Sur- 
vey.) H. p. 131-4. 

5. Americanization. 

Boswell, Helen V. Promoting Americanization. (Annals 
of the American Academy, March, 1916.) 

Dixon, Royal. Americanization. Macmillan, N. Y. 1916. 

Kellor, Frances A. Americanization. (Annals of the 
American Academy, May, 1916.) 

Mason, G. Americanization factory. (Outlook, Feb. 23, 
'16.) 



QUESTIONS OF THE HOUR 



CHILD LABOR 

1. History and causes. 

Abbott, Edith. Early history of child labor in America. 

(American Journal of Sociology.) H. p. 3-9. 
Ellis, Leonora B. Movement to restrict child labor. 

(Arena.) H. p. 9-17. 

2. Evils of child labor. 

Adler, Felix. Child labor in the United States and its 
great attendant evils. (Annals of the American Acad- 
emy.) H. p. 18-25. 

Freiberg, Albert H. Some of the ultimate physical effects 
of premature toil. H. p. 34-40. 

Harmon, William E. Handicaps in late years from child 
labor. (Annals of the American Academy.) H. p. 74-7. 

Lovejoy, Owen R. Child labor and family disintegra- 
tion. (Independent.) H. p. 78-83. 

3. Child labor and education. 

Kirkland, James H. School as arrayed against child 
labor. (Annals of the Amerian Accademy.) H. p. 87-9. 
lp. 

Lovejoy, Owen R. Will trade training solve the child- 
labor problem? (North American Review.) H. p. 89- 
97- 

Special report on needs and possibilities of part-time edu- 
cation. (Massachusetts. Board of Education. 1913.) 
H. p. 223-9. 

4. Legislation. 

Kelly, Florence. Federal child labor law. (Survey. Ag. 
26, '16.) 

Lovejoy, Owen R. Test of effective child-labor legisla- 
tion. (Annals of the American Academy.) H. p. 168- 
75- 

Sanford, Albert H. Rational basis of legislation for 
women and children. H. p. 234-8. 

Sumner, Helen L., and Merritt, Ella A. Child labor leg- 
islation in the United States. (United States. De- 
partment of Labor Children's Bureau. Industrial 
Series No. I.) 



IO STUDY OUTLINES ON 



EMPLOYMENT OF WOMEN 

1. History and growth. 

Abbott, Edith. Women in industry. 1910. Appleton. 
MacLean, Annie M. Factory legislation for women in 

the United States. (American Journal of Sociology.) 

H. p. 5-11. 
Swiney, Frances. Women's industries, past and present. 

H. p. I39-47- 

2. Evils. 

Bullock, Edna D. Introduction. H. p. 1-4. 

Hamilton, Alice. Industrial diseases with special refer- 
ence to the trades in which women are employed. 
(Charities and the Commons.) H. p. 57-62. 

Women factory slaves. (Literary Digest, Feb. 8, '13.) 

3. Remedial legislation. 

Legal working day of women. (Independent.) H. p. 91-2. 
Ryan, John A. Minimum wage laws to date. (Catholic 

World, Jan. '15.) 
Some new state laws affecting women's work. (Survey, 

May 3, '13.) 

4. Economic independence of women 

Harper, Ida H. Women ought to work. (Independent.) 

H. p. 63-70. 
Martin, Edward S. Economic independence of women. 

(Ladies' Home Journal, May '13.) 



QUESTIONS OF THE HOUR II 



MOTHERS' PENSIONS 

1. Object of granting pensions to widowed mothers. 

Bullock, Edna D. Brief. H. p. ix. 

Hard, William. Financing motherhood. (Delineator.) 

H. p. 91-108. 
Howe, Frederic C., and Howe, Marie J. Pensioning the 

widow and the fatherless. (Good Housekeeping.) H. 

p. 118-30. 

Park, Clara C. Widows' pensions. (Survey.) H. p. 137-9. 
Needy mother and the neglected child. (Outlook.) H. 

P. 25-32. 

2. The law at work. 

Bullock, Edna D. Introduction. H. p. i. 

Edmonds, T. J., and Hexter, Maurice B. State pensions 

to mothers in Hamilton County, Ohio. (Survey.) H. 

P. 3-8. 
Halbert, L. A. Widows' allowance act in Kansas City. 

(Survey.) H. p. 8-12. 
Sheffield, A. E. Administration of the Mothers' act law 

in Massachusetts. (Survey. ) H. p. 72-80. 
Almy, Frederic. Public pensions to widows. (Child.) H. 

P. 153-8. 

3. Objections to pensioning widows. 

Carstens, C. C. Public pensions to widows with children. 

(Survey.) H. p. 159-75- 
Devine, Edward T. Pension for mothers. (American 

Labor Legislative Review.) H. p. 176-88. 



12 STUDY OUTLINES ON 



WOMAN SUFFRAGE 

T. History and progress of woman suffrage. 

Blackwell, Alice S. Gains in equal suffrage. H. p. 5-8. 
Bjorkman, Frances M., and Porritt, Annie G. Where 

women vote. (Woman suffrage: History, arguments, 

results.) H. p. 153-81. , 
Harper, Ida H. World movement for woman suffrage. H. 

p. 15-26. 
Harper, Ida H. Brief history of the movement for 

woman suffrage in the United States. H. p. 181-3. 

2. Arguments for and against the ballot for women. 

Breckinridge, D. P. Political equality for women and 
women's wages. (Annals of the American Academy.) 
H. p. 262-74. 

Eastman, Max. Is woman suffrage important? (North 
American Review.) H. p. 48-53. 

George, Mrs. A. J. Address before the Brooklyn Aux- 
iliary, April 30, 1909. H. p. 154-62. 

Jones, Mrs. Gilbert S. Some facts about suffrage and 
anti-suffrage. H. p. 113-18. 

3. Results of woman suffrage in operation. 

Byrnes, Einor, and Ranlett, Helen A. Man and woman- 
made laws in the suffrage states. H. p. 186-213. 

Frodsham, George H. Women's parliamentary franchise 
in practice. (Nineteenth Century.) H. p. 243-53. 

4. Federal amendment for woman suffrage. 

Harper, Ida H. A national amendment for woman suf- 
frage. H. p. 253-62. 



QUESTIONS OF THE HOUR 13 



PROHIBITION OF THE LIQUOR TRAFFIC 

1. History and progress of the prohibition movement. 

Beman, L. T. Introduction. H. p. 1-8. 

Campbell, Philip P. The Hobson Amendment. (Con- 
gressional Record.) H. p. 33-6. 

Fanshawe, E. L. Liquor legislation in the United States 
and Canada. 

Sheldon, Charles M. What prohibition has done for 
Kansas. (Independent.) H. p. 81-3. 

2. The case against alcohol. 

Bryan, William J. The case against alcohol. (Com- 
moner.) H. p. 65-72. 

Coleman, Walter M. Human biology. Physiological ef- 
fects of alcohol. H. p. 9-10. 

Colvin, D. Leigh. Congressional debate on national pro- 
hibition. (Intercollegiate Statesman.) H. p. 23-30. 

Fisher, Isaac. Rum and remedies. (Everybody's Maga- 
zine.) H. p. 16-23. 

Hanley, J. Frank. I hate the liquor traffic. H. p. 31-2. 

Hobson, Richmond P. The truth about alcohol. (Con- 
gressional Record.) H. p. 37-52. 

3. Contentions of opponents to prohibition. 

Bartholdt, Richard. Ten reasons why prohibition is 
wrong. H. p. 144-56. 

Goebel, Herman P. Personal rights and liberties of man. 
(Congressional Record.) H. p. 160-3. 

Miinsterberg, Hugo. Prohibition and social psychology. 
(McClure's Magazine.) H. p. 93-107. 

Underwood, Oscar W. National prohibition. (Congres- 
sional Record.) H. p. 120-38. 

4. Prohibition as a logical and effective remedy. 

Blue, Fred O. Prohibition in West Virginia. H. p. 72-3. 
Capper, Gov. Arthur. Prohibition in Kansas. H. p. 53-60. 
Fisher, Irving. Labor world gain by prohibition. (Amer- 
ican Issue, Ohio Edition.) H. p. 52-3. 



14 STUDY OUTLINES ON 



UNEMPLOYMENT 



i. Causes. 



Contemporary Review. 67 : 744-60, May '95. Economic 
cause of unemployment. John A. Hobson. 

Edinburgh Magazine. 185 : 459-71, April '09. Unemploy- 
ment: Its cause and cure. Sir Nathaniel Dunlop. 

Johnsen, Julia. Introduction. H. p. 2. 

2. Problem stated. 

Kingsbury, John A. Our army of the unemployed. (Re- 
view of Reviews.) H. p. 4-15. 
Real problem of the unemployed. (Nation.) H. p. 232-4. 

Webb, Sidney. The problem of unemployment in the 
United Kingdom. (Annals of the American Academy.) 
H. p. 142-59- 

Alden. Democratic England, p. 87-121. Problem of the 
unemployed. 

Beveridge. Unemployment : a problem of industry. 

3. Effect of unemployment on the standard of living. 

Adams and Summer. Labor problems, p. 160-71. Pov- 
erty, earnings and unemployment. 

Streightoff. Standards of living among the industrial 
people of America, p. 29-43. Unemployment. 

4. How the problem has been met. 

Chicago plan for meeting unemployment and destitution. 
(Survey.) H. p. 35-8. 

Coman, Katherine. Great Britain's experiment in com- 
pulsory unemployment insurance. (Survey.) H. p. 54- 
67. 

Sellars, Edith. How Switzerland deals with her unem- 
ployed. (Nineteenth Century.) H. p. 38-54. 

Stern, Leon. The drafters : unemployment problem of the 
Southwest. (Survey.) H. p. 26-35. 

Tarbell, Ida M. The golden rule in business. (Ameri- 
can magazine.) H. p. 16-25. 



QUESTIONS OF THE HOUR 15 

Advantages and disadvantages of a national system 
of public labor exchanges. 

Andrews, J. B. A national system of labor exchanges. 
(New Republic.) H. p. 81-96. 

Devine, Edward T. Employment bureau for the people 
of New York City. (Annals of the American Acad- 
emy.) H. p. 161-74. 

Kellor, Frances A. Is unemployment a municipal prob- 
lem (National Municipal Review.) H. p. 136-42. 

Murdock, Victor. For a bureau of employment. (Con- 
gressional Record.) H. p. 97-110. 

Tarbell, Ida M. The golden rule in business. (American 
Magazine.) p. 16-25. 



l6 STUDY OUTLINES ON 



MINIMUM WAGE 

1. Early experiment. 

Reely, Mary K. Introduction. H. p. 1-6. 

2. Need for regulation of wages. 

Laughlin, J. Laurence. Wages and producing power. (At- 
lantic Monthly.) H. p. 130-2. 

Lippmann, Walter. Campaign against sweating. (New 
Republic.) H. p. 42-55. 

Manly, Basil M. Labor conditions in American indus- 
tries. (Report of Commission on Industrial Rela- 
tions.) H. p. 7-9. 

Ryan, John A. Minimum wage legislation. (Catholic 
World.) H. p. 38-42. 

3. Economic theory of minimum wage. 

Seager, Henry R. Theory of the minimum wage. (Amer- 
ican Labor Legislation Review.) H. p. 67-70. 

Smith, H. B. L. Economic theory and proposals for legal 
minimum wage. (Economic Journal.) H. p. 147-8. 

Webb, Sidney. Economic theory of a legal minimum 
wage. (Journal of Political Economy.) H. p. 59-67. 

4. Minimum wage in operation. 

Barnes, G. S. Working of minimum wage law in Eng- 
land. (Report of New York Factory Investigating 
Commission, 1915.) H. p. 105-6. 

Effects of the minimum wage in Oregon. (Survey.) H. 
p. 82-4. 

Legislative minimum wage. (Report of the Industrial 
Betterment Committee of the National Association of 
Manufacturers.) H. p. 191-6. 

Taylor, A. .W. Operating of the minimum wage law in 
the state of Washington. (American Economic Re- 
view.) H. p. 85-9. 



QUESTIONS OF THE HOUR 17 



ORGANIZATION OF LABOR 

1. *Trade unions. 

(1) Historical, descriptive and critical exposition of 

trade unions. 

Boyle, James. Organized labor and court decisions. (Fo- 
rum.) H. p. 80-96. 

Gompers, Samuel. Labor's struggle for the right to or- 
ganize. (Outlook.) H. p. 54-60. 

Trade Unions. (Funk & Wagnalls Standard Encyclope- 
dia of the World's Knowledge.) H. p. 5-11. 

(2) Benefits and drawbacks of trade unions to mem- 

bers and to society. 

Fay, Charles N. Value of existing trade-unionism. (At- 
lantic Monthly.) H. p. 157-76. 

Prescott, William B. Service of labor unions in the set- 
tlement of industrial disputes. (Annals of the Ameri- 
can Academy.) H. p. 110-16. 

Reynolds, James B. Benefits of labor unions. (Peters, 
J. P. Labor and Capital, p. 55-61.) H. p. 107-10. 

Eliot, Charles W. Labor unions: Their good features 
and their evil ones. (Cassier's Magazine.) H. p. 176- 

87. ' , _ LU^ 

2. fStrikes. 

1 i ) Economic waste of strikes. 

Losses from strikes and lockouts. (Report of the Indus- 
trial Commission.) H. p. 3-4. 

(2) Advantages and disadvantages of compulsory 

arbitration. 

Brown, Joseph M. Compulsory arbitration necessary. 
(Governor's Message to the General Assembly of 
Georgia.) H. p. 117-27. 

* Debaters' handbook, "Trade Unions," Bullock. 

t Debaters' handbook, "Compulsory Arbitration of Industrial Disputes," 
Beman. 



l8 STUDY OUTLINES ON 

Clark, John B. Do we want compulsory arbitration? (In- 
dependent.) H. p. 63-7. 

Doyle, Cornelius J. Compulsory arbitration in the United 
States. (Annals of the American Academy.) H. p. 
106-15. 

Gompers, Samuel. Lessons for compulsory arbitration- 
ists. (American Federationist.) H. p. 133-39. 

Lloyd, Henry D. Arbitration courts a logical necessity. 
(Peters, J. P. Labor and Capital, p. 185.) H. p. 39-49. 



QUESTIONS OF THE HOUR IQ 



OPEN versus CLOSED SHOP 

1. Collective bargaining: Its origin and progress. 

Commons, John R. Trade unionism and labor problems, 
p. 1-13. H. p. 10-21. 

Definitions of national and local unions. (U. S. Indus- 
trial Commission.) H. p. 5-6. 

"Principle" of the open shop. (Gunton.) H. p. 21-32. 

Trade union postulates. (Independent.) H. p. 32-4. 

2. Demand for closed shop. 

Bliss, W. D. P. Closed shop. (New Encyclopedia of 
Social Reform.) H. p. 59-62. 

Brooks, J. G. New peril for the trade union. (Interna- 
tional.) H. p. 68-81. 

Walling, William E. Open shop means destruction of the 
unions. (Independent.) H. p. 63-7. 

White, Henry. Union and the open shop. (American 
Economic Association.) H. p. 35-42. 

3. Advantages of the open shop. 

Bliss, W. D. P. Open shop. (New Encyclopedia of So- 
cial Reform.) H. p. 152-4. 

Drew, Walter. Open or closed shop which? (American 
Industries.) H. p. 114-21. 

Pfahler, William H. Free shops for free men. (Ameri- 
can Economic Review.) H. p. 103-9. 

White, Henry. Issues of the open and closed shop. 
(North American.) H. p. 169-82. 



20 STUDY OUTLINES ON 



MUNICIPAL OWNERSHIP 

1. Nature of utilities best regulated by the public. 

Dunne, Edward F. Municipal ownership What it means. 
(Reader.) H. p. 46-8. 

Ely, Richard T. Municipal ownership of natural monopo- 
lies. (North American Review.) H. p. 94-105. 

Municipal ownership. (Outlook.) H. p. 18-22. 

2. Advantages of municipal ownership. 

Argument of the municipal ownership of a street railway 

company. (City Hall.) H. p. 88-94. 
Ely, Richard T. Advantages of public ownership and 

management of natural monopolies. H. p. 61-7. 
Dunne, Edward F. Our fight for municipal ownership. 

(Independent.) H. p. 55-61. 
Parsons, Frank. Fifteen reasons why the people should 

own their own public utilities. (Arena.) H. p. 39-40. 

3. Objections to municipal ownership. 

Cravath, James R. Municipal ownership of electric light 
plants. (World To-Day.) H. p. 114-23. 

Hill, John W. Comparison of the cost of steam power in 
municipal and privately-operated plants. (Engineer- 
ing Magazine.) H. p. 141-3. 

Jones, Chester L. American municipal services from the 
standpoint of the entrepreneur. (Annals of the Amer- 
ican Academy.) H. p. 143-57. 

Thurber, F. B. Arguments against municipal ownership. 
(North American Review.) H. p. 133-40. 

j 

4. Municipal ownership in practice. 

Burdett, Everett W. Municipal ownership in Great Brit- 
ain. (Journal of Political Economy.) H. p. 164-80. 

Donald, Robert. Municipal ownership of street railways 
in Glasgow. (Outlook.) H. p. 80-8. 

Municipal ownership. (Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. City 
Clerk. Municipal Manual.) H. p. 234-6. 

Rowe, Leo S. Municipal ownership and operation of 
street railways in Germany. (Annals of the American 
Academy.) H. p. 75-9. 



QUESTIONS OF THE HOUR 21 

FEDERAL CONTROL OF INTERSTATE CORPORATIONS 

1. General Discussion.* 

1 i ) Federal control : Its history, methods and forms 

of control. 

Palmer, Henry W. Federal incorporation. (National 

Conference on Trusts and Combinations, Proceedings.) 

H. p. 132-41. 

Phelps, Edith. Introduction. H. p. 1-4. 
Roberts, Ernest W. Federal incorporation of interstate 

corporations. (Annals of the American Academy.) 

H. p. 224-30. 

(2) Legislation. 

Corporation law. (Report of the Commissioner of Cor- 
porations.) H. p. 65-81. 

Incorporation under Federal law. (Journal of Political 
Economy.) H. p. 52-4. 

Newlands, Francis G. Federal trade commission bill. 
(Review of Reviews.) H. p. 230-38. 

2. Government ownership of railroads.f 

(1) Government ownership vs. private control. 

Davis, C. Wood. Should the nation own the railways? 
(Arena.) H. p. 68-82. 

Knapp, Martin A. Government ownership of railroads. 
(Annals of the American Academy.) H. p. 24-35. 

Robertson, William A. Argument against Government 
railroads in the United States. (Annals of the Ameri- 
can Academy.) H. p. 146-56. 

(2) Progress of railway nationalization. 

Eltzbacher, O. Railways of Germany. (Contemporary 
Review.) H. p. 97-103. 

* Debaters' handbook, "Federal control of interstate corporations," 
Phelps. 

t Debaters' handbook, "Government ownership of railroads," Phelps. 



22 STUDY OUTLINES ON 

Hirsch, Max. Government railways in Australia. (Pub- 
lic.) H. p. 112-14. 

Holcombe, A. N. First decade of the Swiss Federal rail- 
ways. (Quarterly Journal of Economics.) H. p. 104- 

12. 

Meyer, Ballhasar H. Railway legislation in the United 
States. Macmillan, N. Y. 1903. 

3. Government ownership of telegraph and telephone.* 

1 i ) Complexity of problems : Two sides of the ques- 

tion. Introduction. H. p. 1-3. 

Governmental and private telegraph and telephone utili- 
ties: an analysis. (American Telephone and Tele- 
graph Co.) H. p. 129-57. 

Lewis, John D. Government ownership of the telegraph 
and telephone. (Congressional Record.) H. p. 41-87. 

Russell, Charles T. Some legal phrases of the proposi- 
tion for Federal ownership and operation of the tele- 
phone. H. p. 7-10. 

(2) Government ownership in operation. 

Brooks, Sydney. Public ownership abroad. (Concerning 

Municipal Ownership.) H. p. 179-87. 
Lewis, David J. Government ownership of the telegraph 

and telephone. (Congressional Record.) H. p. 64-6. 
Mansfield, R. H. Swiss telegraph and telephone conducted 

by the government. (Monthly Consular and Trade 

Reports.) H. p. 120-2. 

* Debaters' handbook, Government ownership of telegraph and tele- 
phone. 



QUESTIONS OF THE HOUR 23 

TAXATION* 

1. Income tax.f 

(1) Definition, principle and history. 

Bliss, W. D. P. Income tax. (Cyclopedia of Social Re- 
form.) H. p. 9-10. 

Blunden, G. H. Position and function of the income tax 
in the British fiscal system. (Economic Journal.) H. 
P. 30-5- 

O'Neill, John J. Graduated income tax. H. p. 11-16. 

Phelps, Edith. Introduction. H. p. 1-7. 

Seligman, E. R. A. Income tax: A study of the history, 
theory and practice of income taxation at home and 
abroad. Macmillan, N. Y. 1911. 

(2) Objections and answers. 

Cummins, Albert B. Reason for the income tax. (Inde- 
pendent.) H. p. 70-5. 

Post, Philip S. Income tax : A study of its advantages as 
a form of Federal taxation . (Outlook.) H. p. 99-108. 

Seligman, Edwin R. A. American income tax. (Eco- 
nomic Journal.) H. p. 35-42. 

Wells, David A. Income tax: Is it desirable. H. p. 51-63. 

(3) Legislation. 

Post, Philip S. Income tax: A study of its advantages 
and disadvantages as a form of Federal taxation. 
(Outlook.) H. p. 99-108. 

Seligman, Edwin R. A. Income-tax amendment. (Politi- 
cal Science Quarterly.) H. p. 110-35. 

2. Single tax.J 

(i) History. 

Bullock, Edna. Brief. H. p. ix-xiii. 

* Among the forms of direct taxation are the real estate and income 
tax. The outline offered here covers one phase of real estate and the 
whole of income tax. 

t Debaters' handbook, "Income tax," Phelps. 

$ Debaters' handbook, "Single tax," Bullock. 



24 STUDY OUTLINES ON 

Howe, Frederic C. Way toward the model city. H. p. 63- 

73. 
Ingersoll, Charles H. Recent status of the single tax 

movement here and abroad. H. p. 38-47. 
Single tax. (World Almanac.) H. p. 32-5. 

(2) Advantages and disadvantages of the system. 

Garland, Hamlin. Single tax in actual application. 

(Arena.) H. p. 75 -81. 
Johnson, Alvin S. Case against the single tax. (Atlantic 

Monthly.) H. p. 127-39. 
Typical objections to land value taxation. (Public.) H. 

P. 53-5- 



QUESTIONS OF THE HOUR 25 



AGRICULTURAL CREDIT 

1. Nature, purpose and status of agricultural credit. 

Herrick, Myron T. The farmer and finance. (Atlantic 

Monthly.) H. p. 3-14. 
Jenkins, W. H. Financial help for American farmers. 

(Craftsman.) H. p. 30-4. 
Kemmerer, E. W. Agricultural credit in the United 

States. (American Economic Review.) H. p. 34-50. 
Moss, Ralph W. Low-rate, long-time money for the 

farms. (World's Work.) H. p. 65-9. 
Van Cortlandt, R. B. What is agricultural credit? (North 

American Review.) H. p. 173-7. 

2. European systems. 

Jones, Gordon. Can European rural credit systems be 

made applicable to the American farmer. (Nebraska 

Farmers' Congress Official Year Book, 1914.) H. p. 69- 

80. 
Lubin, David. A letter to Senator Duncan U. Fletcher. 

H. p. 56-64. 
Price, H. C. How European agriculture is financed. 

(Popular Science Monthly.) H. p. 88-102. 
Robinson, Leonard G. Scientific farming and scientific 

financing. (Annals of the American Academy.) H. 

p. 102-12. 

3. Progress in America. 

Kemmerer, S. W. Agricultural credit in the United 
States. (American Economic Review.) H. p. 34-50. 

Parr, John. Unfinancial farmer. (Everybody's.) H. 
p. 80-8. 

Sinclair, John F. Co-operative credit. (Chap. Ill, Co- 
operative credit in the United States.) H. p. 120-4. 

4. Legislation in America. 

National rural banking systems; Outline of a plan to es- 
tablish a rural banking system in the United States as 
proposed by the bill S. 2909. (63d Cong, ist Sess. 
Senate Doc. 158.) 

Rural credit and farm-land banks. (Independent.) H. 
p. 116-20. 



26 STUDY OUTLINES ON 



COMPULSORY INSURANCE 

1. Advisability of compulsory insurance for working 

people. 

Henderson, Charles R. Logic of social insurance. (An- 
nals of the American Academy.) H. p. 5-19. 

Lewis, Frank W. "State insurance." Chapter 3. H. p. 50- 
60. 

Rubinow, I. M. Compulsory insurance. (Chautauquan.) 
H. p. 27-42. 

2. Systems of insurance adopted in various countries. 

Boyd, James H. Workingmen's insurance. (World To- 
Day, July, 1911.) 

Coman, Katherine. Old age and invalidity insurance in 
Sweden. (Survey, Dec. 20, 1913.) 

State insurance in Germany. (Review of Reviews, May, 
1914.) 

3. Wastefulness of our system. 

Brandeis, Louis D. Greatest life insurance wrong. (In- 
dependent.) H. p. 42-50. 

Dawson, Miles M. Employers' liability insurance. (In- 
dustrial Engineering and the Engineering Digest.) H. 
p. 112-18. 

Irwin, Will. Industrial indemnity. (Century.) H. p. 104- 

12. 

4. Legislative experiments showing a better way. 

Cross, Ira B. Experience in state compensation insur- 
ance in California. (Survey, May 22, 1915.) 

Dawson, Miles M. System best adapted to the United 
States. H. p. 88-97. 

Experiment in state life insurance. (Outlook, Nov. 15, 
1913.) 



QUESTIONS OF THE HOUR 27 



SOCIALISM 

1. Some types of socialism. 

(1) Utopian Socialism. 

Merriam, Alexander R. Some literary Utopias. (Hart- 
ford Seminary Record.) H. p. 5-27. 

Remarks on Mr. Owen's plan. (Blackwood's Magazine.) 
H. p. 29-36. 

(2) Christian Socialism. 

Ludlow, J. M. Christian socialist movement of the mid- 
dle of the century. (Atlantic Monthly.) H. p. 37-50. 
Spahr, C. B. New socialism. (Nation.) H. p. 57-61. 

(3) Marxian Socialism. 

Marx, Karl, and Engels, Frederick. Communist mani- 
festo. Excerpts. H. p. 63-79. 

Spargo, John. Influence of Karl Marx on contemporary 
socialism. (American Journal of Sociology.) H. p. 80- 
96. 

(4) Progressive Socialism. 

Kleene, G. A. Bernstein versus "Old-school" Marxism. 

(Annals of the American Academy.) H. p. 107-29. 
Whitaker, Herman. Natural selection, competition, and 

socialism. (Arena.) H. p. 129-42. 

2. Socialism vs. other forms of radicalism. 

Levine, Louis. Syndicalism. (North American Re- 
view.) H. p. 169-79. 

Owen, William C. Anarchy versus socialism. H. p. 180- 
202. 

3. Definitions of contemporary socialism. 

Martin, John. Attempt to define socialism. (American 

Economic Association Bulletin.) H. p. 215-23. 
Spargo, John. Private property and personal liberty in 
the socialist state. (North American Review.) H. 
p. 202-14. 



28 STUDY OUTLINES ON 



MONROE DOCTRINE 

1. Origin and import of the Monroe Doctrine. 

Alvarez, Alejandro. Latin America and International 
law. (American Journal of International Law.) H. 
p. 48-56. 

Phelps, Edith M. Introduction. H. p. 1-4. 

2. Essential facts of the history of the Monroe Doctrine. 

Mahan, A. T. Monroe Doctrine. (National Review.) H. 
P. 23-43. 

Moore, John B. Non-intervention and the Monroe Doc- 
trine. (Harper's Magazine.) H. p. 5-18. 

Wheless, Joseph. Monroe Doctrine and Latin America. 
(Annals of the American Academy.) H. p. 76-94. 

Woolsey, Theodore S. Monroe Doctrine fundamentals. 
H. p. 64-71. 

3. Shall the Monroe Doctrine continue as a part of the 

permanent policy of the United States. 

Bingham, Hiram. Should we abandon the Monroe Doc- 
trine? (Journal of Race Development.) H. p. 179-99. 

Blakeslee, George H. Should the Monroe Doctrine con- 
tinue to be a policy of the United States? (American 
Society of International Law Proceedings.) H. p. 94- 
104. 

Dole, Charles F. Right and wrong of the Monroe Doc- 
trine. (Atlantic Monthly.) H. p. 199-210. 

Root, Elihu. Real Monroe Doctrine. (American Society 
of International Law Proceedings.) H. p. 123-36. 



QUESTIONS OF THE fcOJK 



NATIONAL DEFENSE 

1. America's naval and military strength. 

Statistics of the army and navy. (Congressional Record.) 

H. p. 11-13. 
Strength of naval powers. (Army and Navy Journal.) 

H. p. 7-10. 
Report of the Chief of Staff. (Congressional Record.) 

H. p. 34-43. 

Wilson, Woodrow. National defense: As discussed by 
the president in his message. (American Review of 
Reviews.) H. p. 17-25. 

2. Preparedness and the preparedness program. 

Citizen army. (Army and Navy Journal.) H. p. 93-4. 
National Security League: Purpose and organization. H. 

P. 14-15. 
Taft, William Howard. The military and naval defenses 

of the United States. What they are What they 

should be. (Saturday Evening Post.) H. p. 111-33. 
Stimson, Henry L. Military needs of the United States. 

H. p. 69-76. 
Roosevelt, Theodore. America and the world war. H. 

p. 65-6. 

3. Peace and the peace program. 

Thirty reasons why our navy should not be increased. 
(Advocate of Peace.) H. p. 186-93. 

Memorandum of points in opposition to the increase of 
the army and navy of the United States at the p'resent 
time. H. p. 167-72. 

Constant, Baron d'Estournelles de. Austria and her prob- 
lems H. p. 157-60. 

Vale, Charles. Militarism and sanity. (Forum.) H. 
p. 212-15. 

4. The martial and imperial policy vs. democracy. 

Jefferson, Charles E. Christianity and international peace. 

H. p. 161. 
Wise, Stephen S. Must we have a larger army and navy? 

H. p. 175-8. 
Lane, Ralph N. A. America and the new world-state. H. 

p. 161. 



JO STUDY OUTLINES UN QUESTIONS OF THE HOUR 



WORLD PEACE 

1. Two views of warfare. 

Dymond, Jonathan. War: An inquiry into its causes, etc. 
H. p. 1-4. 

Hart, Sir Reginald C. Vindication of war. (Nineteenth 
Century.) H. p. 120-6. 

Monroe, William H. War and peace : The military point 
of view. (North American Review.) H. p. 131-5. 

Russell, Bertrand. Is a permanent peace possible? At- 
lantic Monthly.) H. p. 201-6. 

2. Law as a substitute for armed force. 

Arbitration only law writ large. (Century.) H. p. 49-52. 

Crosby, Ernest. Precedent for disarmament. (North 
American Review.) H. p. 106-8. 

Holt, Hamilton. League of peace. (Lake Mohonk Con- 
ference on International Arbitration Report, 1915.) H. 
p. 207-13- 

Taft, William H. Proposed arbitration treaties with 
Great Britain and France. H. p. 52-6. 

Trueblood, Benjamin F. Case for limitation of arma- 
ments. 

3. The case for war. 

Chittenden, H. M. Questions for pacifists. (Atlantic 
Monthly.) H. p. 231-9. 

Mahan, A. T. Place of force in international relations. 
(North American Review.) H. p. 145-9. 

Palmer, John M. Insurance of peace. (Scribner's Maga- 
zine.) H. p. 135-8. 

Wyatt, Harold F. God's test by war. (Nineteenth Cen- 
tury.) H. p. 117-20. 

4. World court. 

Laidlaw, Sir Robert. International control of arma- 
ments. (Contemporary Review.) H. p. 213-16. 

Marburg, Theodore. World court and League of peace. 
Gratis. Am. Soc. for Judicial Settlement of Interna- 
tional Disputes. 1915. 

Wilson, George G. International court of justice the next 
step, H. p. 88-91. 



List of Study Outlines 

Active Citizenship. By Charles Davidson, Ph.D. A study 
of citizenship in general and of the intelligent management of 
local problems. Programs arranged according to the ques- 
tion method, with topics for discussion in meetings and short 
lists of books and documents which may be consulted. 40p. 
25c. 

City Beautiful: A Study of Town Planning and Municipal 
Art. Prepared by Kate Louise Roberts. Twelve progr 
with references for each; also a bibliography. i6p. 25c. 

Contemporary Drama. Prepared by Prof. Arthur Beatt} 
for the Wisconsin Library Commission. List of plays, most 
important ones starred. Interpretative notes and suggestive 
>deas for discussion and study. I2p 250. 

Contemporary American Literature. Prepared by Anna 
Lorraine Guthrie. Sixteen programs, with references for 
each. Bibliography. 7Qp. 35c. 

Contemporary English Literature. Prepared by Proi. 
Arthur Beatty for the Wisconsin Library Commission. 
List of most important works. Critical references. Certain 
books studied with interpretative notes. 2ip 25c. 

Dietetics. Programs for 10 club meetings. The study is 
based on four selected books and the Farmers* Bulletins, rop. 
Under one cover with "Home Economics." 

Early American Literature. By Anna L. Guthrie. Seven- 
teen programs with references for each. Bibliography. 5Qp. 

35c. 

England and Scotland: History and Travel. Prepared by 
C. E. Fanning. Intended for travel study club which has a 
historical foundation for its work. Bibliography. List of 
additional topics. iop 25c, 

Home Economics. Prepared by the Home Economics Di- 
vision, Agricultural Extension Department, Purdue Univer- 
sity. Programs for 10 club meetings, up. Under one cover 
with "Dietetics." 25c. 

Italian Art: A General Survey. Prepared for the Minne- 
sota Library Commission. Chronological order of subjects 
6p I5c. 

Mexico. Prepared by Study Club Department, Wisconsin 
Library Commission. 2p. To be used in the same year with 
South America Past, and Present or Panama. Under one 
cover with Panama. 150.. 

Municipal Civics. Prepar- c' by Anna L. Guthrie. A topical 
outline with references by page to books and periodicals. 
Bibliography. 32p 250. 

Panama. Prepared by L. E. Stearns for the Wisconsin 
Library Commission. 4p. Under cover with Mexico. 



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