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DATE NOV1T*87 



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VOL. FOR THE YEAR 1843-4. 

I. Travels in Holland, the United Provinces, England, Scotland, and Ireland, 1634-1635. By Sir 
William Brereton, Bart. Edited by EDWARD HAWKINS, Esq., F.R.S., F.S.A., F.L.S. 

II. Tracts relating to Military Proceedings in Lancashire during the Great Civil War. Edited and 
Illustrated from Contemporary Documents by GEORGE ORMEROD, D.C.L., F.E.S., F.S.A., F.G.S., 
author of " The History of Cheshire." 

III. Chester's Triumph in Honor of her Prince, as it was performed upon St. George's Day 1610, in 
the foresaid Citie. Reprinted from the original edition of 1610, with an Introduction and Notes. 
Edited by the Rev. THOMAS CORSER, M.A. 

1844-6. 

IV. The Life of Adam Martindale, written by himself, and now first printed from the original manu- 
script in the British Museum. Edited by the Rev. RICHARD PARKINSON, B.D., Canon of Manchester. 

V. Lancashire Memorials of the Rebellion, 1715. By SAMUEL HIBBERT-WARE M.D., F.R.S.E., &c. 

VI. Potts's Discovery of Witches in the county of Lancaster. Reprinted from the original edition of 
1613 ; with an Introduction and Notes by JAMES CROSSLEY, Esq. 

1845-6. 

VII. Iter Lancastrense, a Poem written A.D. 1636, by the Rev. Richard James. Edited by the Rev. 
THOMAS CORSER, M.A. 

VIII. Notitia Cestriensis, or Historical Notices of the Diocese of Chester, by Bishop Gastrell. Cheshire. 
Edited by the Rev. F. R. RAINES, M.A., F.S.A. Vol. I. 

IX. The Norris Papers. Edited by THOMAS HEY WOOD, Esq., F.S.A. 

1846-7. 

X. The Coucher Book or Chartulary of Whalley Abbey. Edited by W. A. HULTON, Esq. Vol. I. 

XI. The Coucher Book or Chartulary of Whalley Abbey. Vol. II. 

XII. The Moore Rental. Edited by THOMAS HEYWOOD, Esq., F.S.A. 

1847-8. 

XIII. The Diary and Correspondence of Dr. John Worthington. Edited by JAS. CROSSLEY, Esq. Vol. I. 

XIV. The Journal of Nicholas Assheton. Edited by the Rev. F. R. RAINES, M.A., F.S.A. 

XV. The Holy Lyfe and History of Saynt Werburge, very frutefull for all Christen People to rede. 
Edited by EDWARD HAWKINS, Esq. 

1848-9. 

XVI. The Coucher Book or Chartulary of Whalley Abbey. Vol. III. 

XVII. Warrington in 1465. Edited by WILLIAM BEAMONT, Esq. 

XVIII. The Diary of the Rev. Henry Newcome, from September 30, 1661, to September 29, 1663. 
Edited by THOMAS HEYWOOD, Esq., F.S.A. 

1849-50. 

XIX. Notitia Cestriensis. Vol. II. Part I. Lancashire, Part 1. 

XX. The Coucher Book or Chartulary of Whalley Abbey. Vol. IV. (Conclusion). 

XXI. Notitia Cestriensis. Vol. II. Part II.. Lancashire, Part II. 

1850-1. 

XXII. Notitia Cestriensis. Vol. II. Part III. Lancashire, Part III. (Conclusion). 

XXIII. A Golden Mirrour ; conteininge certaine pithie and figurative visions prognosticating good 
fortune to England, &c. By Richard Robinson of Alton. Reprinted from the only known copy of 
the original edition of 1589 in the British Museum, with an Introduction and Notes by the Rev. 
THOMAS CORSER, M.A., F.S.A. 

XXIV. Chetham Miscellanies. Vol. I. Edited by WILLIAM LANGTON, Esq. : containing 
Papers connected with the affairs of Milton and his Family. Edited by J. F. MARSH, Esq. 
Epistolary Reliques of Lancashire and Cheshire Antiquaries, 1653-73. Communicated by GEORGE 

ORMEROD, D.C.L., F.R.S., F.S.A., and F.G.S. 

Calendars of the Names of Families which entered their several Pedigrees in the successive 
Heraldic Visitations of the County Palatine of Lancaster. Communicated by GEORGE ORMEROD, 
D.C.L. F.R.S., F.S.A., and F.G.S. 



>L * A Fragment, illustrative of Sir Wm. Dugdale's Visitation of Lancashire. From a MS. in the posses- 
sion of the Rev. F. R. RAINES, M.A., F.S.A. 

Autobiographical Tracts of Dr. John Dee, Warden of the College of Manchester. Edited by 
JAMES CROSSLEY, Esq. 

loOl 2. 

XXV. Cardinal Allen's Defence of Sir William Stanley's Surrender of Deventer. Edited by THOMAS 

XXVL^The Autobiography of Henry Newcome, M.A. Edited by RD. PARKINSON, D.D., F.S.A. Vol. I. 
XXVli. The Autobiography of Henry Newcome, M.A. Vol. II. (Conclusion ). 

1852-3. 

XXVIII. The Jacobite Trials at Manchester in 1694. Edited by WILLIAM BEAMONT, Esq. 

XXIX. The Stanley Papers, Part I. The Earls of Derby and the Verse Writers and Poets of the six- 
teenth and seventeenth centuries. By THOMAS HEYWOOD, Esq., F.S.A. 

XXX. Documents relating to the Priory of Penwortham, and other Possessions in Lancashire of the 
Abbey of Evesham. Edited by W. A HULTON, Esq. 

1853-4. 

XXXI. The Stanley Papers, Part II. The Derby Household Books, comprising an account of the 
Household Regulations and Expenses of Edward and Henry, third and fourth Earls of Derby ; 
together with a Diary, containing the names of the guests who visited the latter Earl at his houses 
in Lancashire : by William Farrington, Esq., the Comptroller. Edited by the Rev. F. R. RAINES, 
M. A., F.S.A. 

XXXII. The Private Journal and Literary Remains of John Byrom. Edited by RICHARD PARKIN- 
SON, D.D., F.S.A. Vol. I. Part I. 

XXXIII. Lancashire and Cheshire Wills and Inventories from the Ecclesiastical Court, Chester. 
The First Portion. Edited by the Rev. G. J. PICCOPE, M.A. 

1854-5. 

XXXIV. The Private Journal and Literary Remains of John Byrom. Vol. I. Part II. 

XXXV. The House and Farm Accounts of the Shuttle worths of Gawthorpe Hall. Edited by JOHN 
HARLAND, Esq., F.S.A. Part I. 

XXXVI. The Diary and Correspondence of Dr. John Worthington. Vol. II. Part I. 

1855-6. 

XXXVII. Chatham Miscellanies. Vol. II. Edited by WILLIAM LANGTON, Esq. : containing 

The Rights and Jurisdiction of the County Palatine of Chester, the Earls Palatine, the Chamber- 
lain, and other Officers. Edited by JOSEPH BROOKS YATES, F.A.S., G.S., and P.S. 

The Scottish Field. (A Poem on the Battle of Flodden.) Edited by JOHN ROBSON, Esq. 

Examynatyons towcheynge Cokey e More, Temp. Hen. VIII. in a dispute between the Lords of the 
Manors of Middleton and Radclyffe. Communicated by the Rev. F. R. RAINES, M.A., F.S.A. 

A History of the Ancient Chapel of Denton, in Manchester Parish. By the Rev. JOHN BOOKER, 
M.A., F.S.A. 

A Letter from John Bradshawe of Gray's Inn to Sir Peter Legh of Lyme. Edited by WILLIAM 
LANGTON, Esq. 

XXXVIII. Bibliographical Notices of the Church Libraries of Turton and Gorton bequeathed by 
Humphrey Chetham. Edited by GILBERT J. FRENCH, Esq. 

XXXIX. The Farington Papers. Edited by Miss FFARINGTON. 

1856-7. 

XL. The Private Journal and Literary Remains of John Byrom. Vol. II. Part I. 

XLI, The House and Farm Accounts of the Shuttle worths of Gawthorpe Hall. Part II. 

XLII. A History of the Ancient Chapels of Didsbury and Chorlton, in Manchester Parish, including 
Sketches of the Townships of Didsbury, Withington, Burnage, Heaton Norris, Reddish, Levenshulme, 
and Chorlton-cum- Hardy: together with Notices of the more Ancient Local Families, and Particulars 
relating to the Descent of their Estates. By the Rev. JOHN BOOKER, M.A., F.S.A. 

1857-8. 

XLIII. The House and Farm Accounts of the Shuttleworths of Gawthorpe Hall. Part III 
XLIV. The Private Journal and Literary Remains of John Byrom. Vol. II. Part II. 
XLV. Miscellanies : being a selection from the Poems and Correspondence of the Rev. Thos. Wilson, 
B.D., of Clitheroe. With Memoirs of his Life. By the Rev. CANON RAINES, M.A., F.S.A. 



YOL. 1858-9. 

XLVI. The House and Farm Accounts of the Shuttleworths of Gawthorpe Hall. Part IV. (Con- 
clusion). 

XL VII. A History of the Ancient Chapel of Birch, in Manchester Parish, including a Sketch of the 
Township of Rusholrae : together with Notices of the more Ancient Local Families, and Particulars 
relating to the Descent of their Estates. By the Rev. JOHN BOOKER, M.A., F.S.A. 
XL VIII. A Catalogue of the Collection of Tracts for and against Popery (published in or ahout the 
reign of James II.) in the Manchester Library founded by Humphrey Chetham ; in which is 
incorporated, with large Additions and Bibliographical Notes, the whole of Peck's List of the 
Tracts in that Controversy, with his References. Edited by THOMAS JONES Esq. B.A. Part I. 

1859-60. 

XLIX. The Lancashire Lieutenancy under the Tudors and Stuarts. The Civil and Military Govern- 
ment of the County, as illustrated by a series of Royal and other Letters; Orders of the Privy Council, 
the Lord Lieutenant, and other Authorities, &c., &c. Chiefly derived from the Shuttleworth MSS. 
at Gawthorpe Hall, Lancashire. Edited by JOHN HARLAND, Esq., F.S.A. Part I. 
L. The Lancashire Lieutenancy under the Tudors and Stuarts. Part II. (Conclusion). 
LI. Lancashire and Cheshire Wills and Inventories from the Ecclesiastical Court, Chester. The Second 
Portion. 

1860-1. 

LII. Collectanea Anglo-Poetica : or, A Bibliographical and Descriptive Catalogue of a portion of a Col- 
lection of Early English Poetry, with occasional Extracts and Remarks Biographical and Critical. 
By the Rev. THOMAS CORSER, M.A., F.S.A., Rural Dean; Rector of Stand, Lancashire; and Vicar 
of Norton, Northamptonshire. Part I. 

LIII. Mamecestre: being Chapters from the early recorded History of the Barony, the Lordship or 
Manor, the Vill Borough or Town, of Manchester. Edited by JOHN HARLAND, Esq., F.S.A. Vol. I. 
LIV. Lancashire and Cheshire Wills and Inventories from the Ecclesiastical Court, Chester. The Third 
Portion. (Conclusion). 

1861-2. 

LV. Collectanea Anglo-Poetica. Part II. 
LV1. Maraecestre. Vol. II. 
LVII. Chetham Miscellanies. Vol. III. Edited by WILLIAM LANGTON, Esq. : containing 

On the South Lancashire Dialect, with Biographical Notices of John Collier, the author of Tim 
Bobbin. By THOS. HEYWOOD, Esq. 

Rentale de Cokersand : being the Bursar's Rent Roll of the Abbey of Cokersand, in the County 
Palatine of Lancaster, for the year 1501. Printed from the Original. Edited by the Rev. F. R. 
RAINES, M.A., F.S.A. 

The Names of all the Gentlemen of the best callinge w th in the countye of Lancastre, whereof choyse 
ys to be made of a c'ten number to lend vnto her Ma^ 6 moneye vpon privie seals in Janvarye 1588. 
From a manuscript in the possession of the Rev. F. R. RAINES, M.A., F.S.A. 

Some Instruction given by William Booth Esquire to his stewards John Caringtpn and William 
Rowcrofte, upon the purchase of Warrington by Sir George Booth Baronet and William Booth his 
son, A.D. MDCXVIII. Communicated by WILLIAM BEAMONT, Esq. 

Letter from Sir John Seton, Manchester y e 25 M'ch, 1643. Edited by THOMAS HEYWOOD, Esq., 
F.S.A. 

The Names of eight hundred inhabitants of Manchester who took the oath of allegiance to Charles 
II. in April, 1679. Communicated by JOHN HARLAND, F.S.A. 
The Pole Booke of Manchester, May y e 22 d 1690. Edited by WILLIAM LANGTON, Esq. 

1862-3. 

LVIII. Mamecestre. Vol. III. (Conclusion.) 
LIX. A History of the Chantries within the County Palatine of Lancaster : being the Reports of the 

Royal Commissioners of Henry VIII., Edward VI., and Queen Mary. Edited by the Rev. F. R. 

RAINES, M.A., F.S.A. Vol. I. 



If! REMAINS "jj r '" 
HISTORICAL & LITERARY l?v| 

CONNECTED WITH THE PALATINE COUNTIES OF 

LANCASTER AND CHESTER. 

PUBLISHED BY 

THE CHETHAM SOCIETY. 



VOL. LIX. 



PRINTED FOE THE CHETHAM SOCIETY. 
M.DCCC.LXII. 



MICROFORMED BY 

PR! aVA'F 
.VICES 



DATS.OCT24 



Dfi 




COUNCIL FOB 1862-3. 

JAMES CROSSLEY, ESQ., F.S.A., PRESIDENT. 

REV. F. R. RAINES, M.A., F.S.A., HON. CANON OF MANCHESTER, 

VICE-PRESIDENT. 
WILLIAM BEAMONT. 

THE VERY REV. GEORGE HULL BOWERS, D.D ., DEAN OF MANCHESTER. 
REV. JOHN BOOKER, M.A., F.S.A. 
REV. THOMAS CORSER, M.A., F.S.A. 
JOHN HARLAND, F.S.A. 
EDWARD HAWKINS, F.R.S., F.S.A., F.L.S. 
THOMAS HEYWOOD, F.S.A. 
W. A. HULTON. 
REV. JOHN HOWARD MARSDEN, B.D., CANON OF MANCHESTER, 

DISNEY PROFESSOR OF CLASSICAL ANTIQUITIES, CAMBRIDGE. 
REV. JAMES RAINE, M.A. 
ARTHUR H. HEYWOOD, TREASURER. 
WILLIAM LANGTON, HON. SECRETARY. 





of tjie 




WITHIN THE 



COUNTY PALATINE OF LANCASTER, 



BEING THE 



Hep0rts of tlje Eapal Commissioners of IDenrp 
CM. ana ueen 



EDITED BY THE 

REV. F. R. RAINES, M.A., F.S.A. 

RURAL DEAN, HON. CANON OF MANCHESTER, AND 
INCUMBENT OF MILNROW. 



PRINTED FOR THE CHETHAM SOCIETY. 
M.DCCC.LXIL 




of tjie 




WITHIN THE 



COUNTY PALATINE OF LANCASTER, 



BEING THE 



iReporte of tlje Eopal Commissioners of ^enrp 
OIL an& (Sueen 



EDITED BY THE 

REV. F. R. RAINES, M.A., F.SA., 

RURAL DEAN, HON. CANON OF MANCHESTER, AND 
INCUMBENT OF MILNROW. 



VOL. I. 



PRINTED FOR THE CHETHAM SOCIETY. 
M.DCCC.LXIL 



INTKODUCTION. 



*2rr:~ f. t&$v Fgvjttfc&Q!'. p.*v,v v> AJii'Jl ,"**M' }i \Jr ." sv,;:.. v 

IT was not until the commencement of the seventh 
century that the doctrine of the efficacy of prayers, 
in alleviating and shortening the sufferings of purgatory, 
was fully recognised by the Church of Rome. A school for 
chanters was at that time established by Gregory the Great, 
the Chantry being a small chapel, or enclosure, within a 
church, and sometimes a distinct and separate building at 
a distance from the church, in which an altar was erected 
and consecrated, and a priest appointed to chant certain 
prescribed services for the welfare of individuals, specified 
by name, whilst they were living, and also for the repose of 
their souls after death. The latter provision involved the 
doctrine of purgatory, and the belief that the sacrifice of 
the mass was a propitiation for sin. Obits, anniversaries, 
month's minds, and similar services mentioned in this volume, 
were only various forms of ritual and prayer for the expia- 
tion of the sins of the departed. The solemn and pompous 
grandeur of the Church of Rome, especially in the funeral 
service in honour of the illustrious dead, was in some mea- 
sure imparted to these humble foundations ; and those who 
wished to pay a tribute of respect to the memory of the 



iy INTRODUCTION. 

great or good had an opportunity of gratifying their feelings, 
not only at the time of the obsequies and on the commemo- 
ration day, but sometimes daily throughout the year. These 
posthumous honours were not temporary they were de- 
signed to be enduring in the truest sense of the word ; and 
names of celebrity were long remembered and enshrined in 
grateful hearts, and handed down to posterity as if written 
in the page of history. Sorrow was not always here a mere 
expression of deep feeling, but assumed a religious aspect, 
so that they who mourned were not dispirited ; they had 
hope that their prayers and offerings were profitable and 
useful to the dead. The Church fostered the feeling, and by 
so doing acquired influence and dominion, but did not fore- 
see with her usual sagacity that the time would come when 
every thing in religion would be judged, adopted, or rejected 
by its agreement with an infallible and inspired standard. 
The dead have always been regarded by all nations with 
reverential feelings, but 

They are at rest. 

We may not stir the heaven of their repose 

By rude invoking name, or prayer addrest 

In waywardness to those 
Who in the mountain grots of Eden lie, 
And hear the fourfold river as it murmurs by. 

The era of some of the Lancashire Chantries rises as high 
as the thirteenth century, 1 although the greater part of them 
may be assigned to the later Plantagenet and early Tudor 
period. 

1 page 31. 



INTRODUCTION. V 

These were of two kinds the permanently endowed 
and the precariously endowed chantry. For creating the 
former the licence of the Crown, to alienate lands in mort- 
main for the maintenance of the priest, was required after 
the statutes of 7 and 13 Edward I. and 15 Richard II.: 
nor could founders acquire lands for this purpose, unless 
held by other than soccage tenure or by knight's service, 
without the royal permission. These were called Founda- 
tion Chantries, and the incumbents, presented by patrons, 
were legally instituted, and the Ordinary exercised canoni- 
cal jurisdiction over them. An example of the latter is 
where a chapel was built and an altar dedicated, but there 
was no foundation. This was called a "capella indotata;" 
and there were many such in Lancashire, which, not being 
endowed, as in numerous instances they ought to have 
been with the tithes of the district belonging to them, but 
supported by the voluntary offerings of private and indi- 
vidual piety, could not resist the fate which so precarious 
an income rendered ultimately certain. After having been 
sustained for a time by the payment of a monied rent, and 
without the ancient parochial organisation, some of them 
became neglected and fell into decay, 2 the altars being 
disused and sometimes actually removed, thus affording a 
striking demonstration of the weakness of the voluntary 
system. These insecurely endowed altars were described 
as chantries, 3 although the officiating priests were generally 
styled stipendiaries 4 and not incumbents. Their ecclesi- 
astical position was lower than that of the regularly bene- 

2 PP- 78, 236. 3 p. 201. * pp. 204, 240, 2 4 I, 250, 251. 



vi INTRODUCTION. 

ficed chantry priests, as they were nominated, paid and 
removed by the family of the founder at their individual 
pleasure, which sufficiently accounts for the licence of the 
bishop not being obtained nor required. Had such been 
the case, a life interest in the appointment would have been 
conveyed, and the names of the incumbents recorded in the 
registers of the diocese. It is worthy of remark that several 
of these small private foundations having a chalice or a bell 
or some trifling article belonging to them, were not deemed 
too inconsiderable for the notice of the king's commissioners, 
and were eagerly seized by those sordid and quick sighted 
officials, 5 for to them, as well as to the dragon of Wantley, 
" houses and chantries were geese and turkies." 

Free Chapels were places of worship exempted from 
all relation to the mother church and also from episcopal 
jurisdiction, an exemption which was an equivocal privi- 
lege, obtained immediately from the Crown, or appended to 
ancient manors originally belonging to the Crown. 6 There 
was only one chapel in Lancashire which possessed this 
privilege. 7 

Oratories also were built by private individuals, resident 
upon their property, at their own expense, for there never 
was a time in which voluntary effort was not active in the 
Church, and were generally little more than domestic 
chapels appurtenant to manor houses. They were located 
sometimes in quiet situations, remote from the mother 
church, which at some seasons was inaccessible, especially 

5 pp. 260, 268, &c. 6 Tanner's Notitia Monast. pref. p. xxviii. 

7 p. 208. 



INTRODUCTION. Vll 

to the aged and infirm, owing to bad roads and bad wea- 
ther; and were found convenient in large parishes for the 
dependents of the founders, as well as for the neighbouring 
population, which by this means had some of the minis- 
trations of religion, if not all the public means of grace, 
carried to their homes and doors, and a grievous and dan- 
gerous evil thereby wisely averted. The consent of the 
Crown was not necessary ; but it was requisite, before di- 
vine service could be performed in these chapels, to obtain 
the bishop's licence, which was always granted sparingly, 
out of regard to parochial communion rather than from 
fear of rivalry or from opposition to the parish church. 
It has been stated that an oratory was not built for saying 
mass, nor was it endowed, but simply ordained for prayer; 8 
and yet the " divine offices," for the solemnization of which 
licenses were granted, included the saying of mass by "a 
fit priest," and sometimes sermons and sacraments. 9 A bell 
could not be put up either in an oratory or chantry without 
the permission of the diocesan, and we have many instances 
of this privilege being granted in Lancashire. 10 There is 
evidence of .some of these oratories having had chantries 
founded within them and of their having become, after the 
suppression, parochial chapels. 

These rural chantries were always founded with some 
mark of dependence on the mother church, although the 
chaplains often aided the parochial clergy in the perform- 
ance of divine service. 11 The inhabitants of a distant hamlet, 

8 Lindwood, p. 233. 9 Bishop Gibson's Codex, p. 212. 
10 pp. 260,267, n pp. 150, 239. 



o 



Vlil INTRODUCTION. 

who were accommodated with a chapel by the forbearance 
of the rector or vicar of the parish, were required, as a 
proof of their subjection and an evidence of their obedience, 
not only to pay their tithes and Easter dues, but also to 
repair to the mother church on the greater festivals; and 
their humble minister, on these jubilant occasions, was re- 
quired to accompany them. Immemorial custom, in after 
times, was pleaded for such an observance, and doubtless, 
in some instances, the custom was coeval with the erection 
of the chapel. Nor was this all. The people were expected, 
as an evidence of their dependence, to bear along with them 
their special oblations and offerings, and the chaplain to pay 
the dues and to render the service, which had been reserved 
from the earliest time for the benefit of the parish church. 
This reserve impoverished the chaplain, but it established 
the sacerdotal superiority of the rector. The former was 
also required to accompany the latter in his annual per- 
ambulation in Rogation week, with banners, hand-bells, and 
the reading of psalms a duty which would often be found 
in the North of England, owing to the great extent of the 
Anglo-Norman parishes, oppressive and sometimes utterly 
impracticable. In some parishes the incumbent of the 
mother church exacted an oath of obedience of the curate of 
a chapel ; and this anomalous act of submission on the part 
of one priest to another was enjoined by a constitution of 
Archbishop Winchelsey (1294-1313) in the thirteenth cen- 
tury. 12 Neither the oath nor the penalties of its violation 
seem to have been enforced with much stringency in this 

12 Kennet's ParocJi. Antig. p. 599. 



INTRODUCTION. IX 

diocese ; custom and common sense probably interposed to 
enlarge the construction of the canon, and its infringement 
was not unsparingly punished. 13 

If the origin of all these Foundations could be told, how 
many social incidents and touching events would be revealed, 
some of them startling as the visionary revelations of the 
" Divina Commedia," and others illustrative of all the ten- 

13 Some of these mediaeval exactions continued in force even down to 
modern times, detrimental as they were to the elasticity and power of 
adaptation of the Church in the large parishes. It was towards the 
end of the last century that the Eev. Doctor Hind, the vicar of Eoch- 
dale, tightening these bonds without intending to desolate God's vine- 
yard, but expressive of his individual sentiments towards his filial 
dependencies, "commanded" the incumbents of Littleborough and 
Milnrow to close their chapels, " according to the old custom," on the 
festival days of Christmas, Easter and Whitsunday, and to repair to the 
mother church to assist him and his curate in the administration of the 
Holy Eucharist. (Lane. MSS. vol. ii. p. 232 ; Parson's Book, p. 227.) 
The custom prevailed within the last thirty years of the eucharistical 
offerings being annually transmitted at Pentecost to the same church, 
and of the " Pentecostals " being apportioned by the vicar and his 
churchwardens for distribution by the several curates and chapel- 
wardens, who had contributed their local oblations to the common 
fund. The parent church in former times loved, in all things, to " have 
the pre-eminence." It may be added that the distribution of this fund, 
or of " the other devotions of the people," was not confined to the relief 
of the poor of the parish, but was also appropriated to various " pious 
and charitable uses." In several instances, at the commencement of 
the last century, a portion of the offerings was appropriately sent by 
Mr. Pigot, the vicar, to " the Warrington Society for the Belief of the 
Widows and Orphans of poor deceased Clergymen who had officiated 
within the Diocese ;" and, at least on one occasion, Dr. Dunster sent 
ten shillings "to Mr. Nelson's fund for printing Bibles and Prayer 
Books for poor Churchmen." Lane. MSS. vol. xv. p. 185. 

b 



X INTRODUCTION. 

derness of our nature in many a sad story of domestic blight 
and desolation. There can be no question that sympathy and 
affection had much to do with their origin, independent of 
superstitious feelings; a contemplative more than an intellec- 
tual, and a speculative more than a Scriptural, bias influenc- 
ing the founders. In some instances they were a sort of 
monumental tribute to preserve the names of those sleeping 
in the vault beneath the altar, and, as such, they were the 
offspring of gratitude and love. The memorial pillar and the 
animated bust, the glowing window and the graceful statue, 
were not unknown in past ages, when cultivated taste and 
refined art were predominant in the Christian Church ; and 
whilst many selected these forms as an embodiment of their 
deep and earnest feelings, others selected, as a fitting shrine, 
the chantry and its priest. Nor were these confined to birth, 
or rank, or to any distinct class of people. We have instances 
in this county of their foundation by the most distinguished 
members of the royal family ; 14 by the highest dignitaries of 
the Church ; 15 by the most renowned members of the nobi- 
lity ; 16 by knights celebrated for chivalrous deeds ; 17 by gen- 
tlemen without the distinction of coat armour ; 18 by devout 
and successful merchants ; 19 by humble parish priests ; 20 and 
by aged widows. 21 

Nor must we assume that the only object of these Founda- 
tions was that prayers might be offered for the dead, and 
saints, instead of God, invoked by the officiating priest. In 

14 pp. 86, 89. 15 pp. 28, 93, 119, 132, 134. 16 pp. 68, 106, 235. 

17 PP- 57, 194, 202. w pp. 158, 169. i pp. 40, 4 6, 48, 246. 

20 pp. 152, 156, 166, 173. 21 pp I09? I25? l6 ^ Ipo? 205 



INTRODUCTION. XI 

all of them prayers ascended for the living as well as for 
the dead, and in all was manifested the keen sympathy of 
the rich with the poor, for the relief of whose external 
wants alms were constantly distributed. Some of the later 
Foundations were simply charitable endowments by persons 
of sound religious life, who devoted a portion of their 
private means, by testamentary bequest, to the benefit of 
their suffering fellow creatures, and, grateful for their own 
blessings, secured to the poor what was probably dis- 
tributed amongst them in alms during the lifetime of the 
donors. In others it may be inferred that the poor, who 
had hitherto been forgotten, were remembered on the ap- 
proach of death ; and the influence of conscience or remorse, 
or some kindred feeling, swaying the mind, led to the ful- 
filment of duties which had been neglected in the time 
of health, and on the delegated performance of which the 
founders partly rested their hopes of salvation. In some in- 
stances restitution was contemplated by them. But what- 
ever the inducement might be and such is the complex- 
ity of human motives that it cannot always be penetrated 
the founders were not slow in making provision, generally 
in their last moments, for feeding the hungry and clothing 
the naked on the anniversary day of their death: 22 nor did 
they omit to provide for the efficient relief of spiritual des- 
titution in large parishes, 23 and for the aid of over-worked 
and meanly endowed incumbents in the performance of the 

22 PP- 23, 28, 59, 65, 81, 93, 156, 221. 
23 PP- 77, M5, 150, 161, 166, 171, 174, 179, 220. 



xii INTRODUCTION. 

daily service. 24 The education of the young in grammar 
and the ordinary learning of the times was often specially 
enjoined, 25 and active co-operation with the parochial clergy 
was not unfrequently required as permanent duties of the 
chantry priests. 26 These were some of the conditions annexed 
to the lands given, as the founders declared in their deeds 
of gift, for the glory of God f but they also charged what 
they so gave with the maintenance of masses for the dead : 
and although " the continuous miracle " was avowedly set 
forth, and " blasphemous fables and dangerous deceits " 
were publicly taught, we have here a record of active piety 
and well-doing, through clerical agents, quite independent 
of superstitious and selfish feeling, which ought to have 
exempted these devout Churchmen from the charge of being 
" unprofitable servants." But it was one of the misfortunes 
of the first half of the sixteenth century that the peculiar 
union of simple charity and mediaeval error, which distin- 
guished these institutions, was identified in men's minds 
with arbitrary rule; and statesmen had no scruple about 
measures which some would now think almost a greater 
evil than the evil which they were meant to remedy. The 
real utility of Chantries consisted precisely in those noble 
and distinctive attributes which Fuller so happily assigns 
to biography to preserve the memory of the dead and 
hold forth examples to the living, to furnish instruction to 
the people, and to gain some glory to God ; but we have to 

24 pp. 49, 107, 176. 

25 PP- 57> 8 5> r 54, 120, 183, 217, 231, 228, 246. 
26 pp. 138, 154, 1 66 37 pp. 4 8, 49 . 



INTRODUCTION. Xlll 

complain of the founders, as Sir Thomas Browne did of his- 
torians, that they often set down things which ought never 
to have been done or never to have been known. 

The Chantry Priests could hardly be otherwise than poor 
men, as their stipends were regulated by various statutes of 
the realm, and were always limited in amount, and the 
annual revenues of the Lancashire chantries ranged from 
thirty shillings 28 to ten pounds, 29 the average probably being 
not much more than eight marks, or 5/. 6s. 8d. each, per 
annum, after the payment of the deductions, reparations, 
quit-rents and tenths to the Crown. 30 Few of them appear 
to have held livings in plurality, although this old canker of 
the Church had widely spread before the Reformation, and 
we find here and there instances of its existence amongst 
these humble clergymen. 31 One of the merits of Chaucer's 
Poure Persone is, that 

He did not run unto London, unto Seint Poule's, 

To seeken him a chanterie for soules; 32 

28 p. 242. 29 p. 199. 

30 The number of endowed colleges and chantries in Lancashire was 
about ninety, and the rents of lands belonging to the same in the time 
of Edward VI. amounted to 731?. 15$. 2d. (p. 254). Deducting 230?. 
195. 6d. for the collegiate church of Manchester (p. 19), there will be 
left 500^. 155. Sd. as the clear yearly value of the chantry possessions, 
giving to each cantarist an income of 5?. us. $%d. The gross sum being 
tripled, on Stillingfleet's principle, according to the diminished standard 
of money, amounts to 15027. 7$. o*/., which, being multiplied by eight or 
thereabouts, gives a sum of 1201 SL 6s. od. of our money, and an average 
income of 133?. ios. lod. to each of the ninety chantry incumbents. 
On the same principle of calculation, the income of the college of Man- 
chester would amount at this time, independent of building rents and 
improved modes of agriculture, to 5543?. 8s. od. 



XIV INTRODUCTION. 

and the lord chancellor Booth and Gardyner of Lancaster 
strictly enjoined residence, and prohibited a plurality of 
livings, 33 although dispensations were obtained for absence 
from chantries as well as from parochial cures; and there 
is some ground for concluding that the chantry advowsons 
were bought and sold. There are also bargains which 
strongly resemble simoniacal contracts, 34 and the abuse of 
patronage was notorious. 

The vested rights of the mother church were never 
allowed to be invaded by the founders of chantries, and 
there is no instance in the reports of these commissioners 
of any tithes or oblations being received by the priests. 
The foundation of the great family of Booth at Eccles was 
endowed with the rectory of Slaidburn and the advowson 
of Bethom, but it was a collegiate as well as a chantry 
institution, and, notwithstanding the bounty of the arch- 
bishop and his episcopal brother, seems to have failed in 
securing the benefit of their testamentary devise ; 35 and the 
well-endowed chantry of Lathom included the support of 
the hospital and the meritorious dole of a penny a day to 
the eight poor bedemen. 36 There was one fluctuating source 

31 (Page xiii.J pp. 20, 115, 123. "When the endowment of a chan- 
try was too small for the maintenance of a priest, two or more mean 
chantries were united together, and he discharged both effectually, 
no doubt." Fuller's Ch. Hist. b. vi. p. 253. 

' 3Z (Page xiii.J There were thirty-five chantries founded in St. Paul's 
Cathedral, which were served by fifty-four priests. Dugdale's Hist. 
pref. p. xli. Fuller says the number of chantries there was forty-seven. 
CJi. Hist. b. vi. p. 351. 

33 PP- I 33> 222 - 34 PP- IJ 7, r 95- 35 P- 136. S6 p. 106. 



INTRODUCTION. XV 

of income which often aided the exigencies of a mean living. 
Individuals, in their misconception of divine truth, were in 
the habit, especially about the time that the Reformation 
was struggling into existence, of bequeathing sums of money 
to chantry priests, for limited terms, to celebrate at their 
altars religious exequies. Sometimes the period extended 
from the day of the death to the day when the funeral 
solemnity was kept; 37 at others, for one, two, or more years; 38 
frequently the service for the dead with a solemn mass, in 
which the name of the deceased was introduced, was only 
celebrated annually on the day of the death, and was called 
an obit; 39 and, strange to tell, sometimes only "when the 
priest was disposed j" 40 sometimes, " at his discretion ;" 41 
sometimes, "at the discretion of the executors; 1 ' 42 and, in 
one instance, " only as long as a lease of lands continued." 43 
Few persons think their own faults very flagrant or inexpi- 
able ; and it is curious and suggestive to find some individu- 
als requiring prayers for a year, others for a more limited 
term, and the generality for an indefinite period, during 
their probation in the purgatorial regimen. A short course 
seems to have been often prescribed by laymen, whilst arch- 
bishops and curates, who taught the doctrine, and the con- 
fession is humiliating, needed ages to purify them. 

There is something significant and pleasing in the small 

) 
37 p. 65. 38 pp. 60, 62, 65, 68, 85, 124, 169, 191. 

39 P- 73- "Forty shillings was the market price of an anniversary 
obit, though some were so free they gave more, and some so favoured 
they had them for less." Fuller's CTi. Hist. b. vi. p. 352, fol. 1655. 
40 p. 191. 41 Ibid 42 p. 43. p. 124. 



XVI INTRODUCTION. 

bequests made to these chapels from time to time, and also 
in the social condition of the donors. A widow, deprived 
in early life of her husband, is admonished by sickness and 
pain of his place of sepulture, where her own remains were 
soon to be laid, and she gives various specific articles for 
the better and more becoming solemnization of the rites 
and ceremonies for the dead. 44 Another widow thoughtfully 
and unostentatiously bequeaths communion plate from a 
similar motive. 45 Another matron presents a piece of needle- 
work, embroidered by her own hands, which had occupied 
many solitary moments and beguiled many weary thoughts, 
and in devoting her time, labour and small means to the ser- 
vice of the sanctuary, she had, doubtless, found much solace. 4 * 3 
A knight gives precious altar-cloths of silk, also hangings of 
cloth of gold and of russet satin, formerly belonging to a 
great prelate, and questionless, on that account, of rare value, 
to be made into vestments for the observance of ecclesiastical 
order and ritual decency in the service of chantry chapels. 47 
And the great and, it may be, the ostentatious parish priest, 
who affords us a glimpse of the social condition and habits 
of the higher parochial clergy of his day, had an eye, not to 
the aggrandizing of his family, but to the charity that " never 
faileth," when he ordered well nigh a hecatomb of oxen and 
sheep to be slain and prepared for " all comers " on the day 
of his burial, that they might pray for his soul's weal and 
thus, according to his strange creed, " bribe the rage of ill- 
requited heaven." 48 To all these devout persons, and to 

44 P- 53- ** p. 43- 46 p. 160. 47 p. 136. 48 p. 92. 



INTRODUCTION. XV11 

many others their contemporaries, reformatories and ragged 
schools, prisons and penitentiaries, hospitals and asylums, 
were not quite unknown, but they also recognized some of 
the other accredited forms which charity assumed in their 
day, and left to their successors in the Church labours and 
responsibilities which still affect the religious and social 
welfare of the whole people. 

We learn from the household inventories of the colleges 
of Manchester 49 and Eccles 50 that at the time of the Refor- 
mation even the fellows, whose position was in all respects 
superior to that of the chantry priests, had neither the com- 
fortable dwellings, nor the decent furniture, nor, probably, 
the wholesome food of the poorest curate of the present 
day. The common dining hall was furnished with a table 
and wooden benches ; one silver salt-celler and twelve silver 
spoons comprised all the plate, unless the three goblets 
(evidently concealed from the commissioners, but afterwards 
" found out for the king") 51 belonged to the college ; and a 
dozen napkins, four table cloths, and four towels, 52 must 
be deemed an inadequate supply for their daily require- 
ments, but their linen-press did not contain any other. 
How little they knew of the dormant wonders of commerce, 
of the luxury of woven cotton fabrics, or of the matchless 
texture and beauty of Manchester " goods " ! It is true 
that each fellow furnished his own "chamber," 53 but its fur- 
niture was not elaborate, as it consisted of a truckle bed, 
a stool and a chest. At that time there would be about the 

49 p. II. 50 pp. 138, 139. 51 pp. 12, 21. 52 p. 12. 

53 P- I2 ' 



XV111 INTRODUCTION. 

college, with its surrounding landscape and balmy air, its plea- 
sant gardens, 54 little cloisters and monastic gloom, a "religio 
loci" which has not quite disappeared, although marred by 
the clouded welkin, the tainted gales, and the tumultuous 
din of the city. It must be admitted that in many respects, 
its former state is not a loser by a fair comparison with its 
present, as the clergy, associated together under the guid- 
ance of a warden, were honourably distinguished by their 
active labours, 55 well-husbanded resources, extensive charity, 
and liberal hospitality, even by the impartial confession of 
those who had no good will towards them. 56 The household 
stuff of the college of priests at Eccles was of a still meaner 
description, 57 and so we may reasonably conclude was the col- 
legiate residence itself, whilst the wills of some of the priests 
seem to indicate a state of poverty closely allied to that 
mendicancy, 58 which now flourishes luxuriantly amongst the 
begging friars within the area of St. Peters at Rome. 

In the hard and tasteless period which immediately pre- 
ceded the Reformation it would be interesting to know how 
these chantry priests lived upon their small stipends whilst 
working out the great duties of life, and what their habits, 
tastes and predilections were. Theological questions were 
afloat, and polemical disputations were beginning to occupy 
and influence thoughtful minds. In the North there were 
always stronger religious feelings and lustier zeal than in 
the South, which led to the observation that "where the 
air is keenest the religion is purest," although occasional 

54 p. 12. 55 pp. 9, 10. 56 p. 9. 57 pp. 138, 139. 

58 pp. 40, 214, 249. 



INTRODUCTION. XIX 

instances opposed to the atmospheric theory, as it has been 
called, occur in the following pages; and there can be no 
question that some of the inferior clergy were contemp- 
tible for their poverty, among the rich, their ignorance, 
among the refined, and their bad morals, among the 
devout, 59 which in a large class bound by unnatural vows 
might be expected ; but if learning, refinement and devo- 
tion existed at all, we may presume that they would be 
found amongst the clergy. Residence was not general, al- 
though the chapel itself was regarded as the house of the 
chantry priest, whose " chamber " .was sometimes over the 
chancel; and as the sanctus bell 60 was tolling daily, and 
oftentimes twice in a day, for mass at the same altar, the 
priest must have been at hand ready with his orisons and 
benisons as well for the lowly dead as the godless living. 

69 Whitaker's Whalley, p. 146. Jewel complained that the mass 
priests were ignorant and superstitious, and he called them " lanterns 
without light" (Works, vol. iv. p. 910) ; and Becon, with too much party 
rancour in his coarse but racy language, accused them of being addicted 
to the alehouse, to dicing, carding, hunting, bowling, hawking and bib- 
bing, which are not clerical recreations, but were probably the ordinary 
pursuits and amusements of the educated classes of the age, and some 
of them, possibly, innocent in themselves. Works, vol. iii. p. 282. 
60 The saint-bell calls ; and, Julia, I must read 

The proper lessons for the saints now dead ; 

To grace which service, Julia, there shall be 

One holy collect sung or said for thee. 

Dead when thou art, dear Julia, thou shalt have 

A trental sung by virgins o'er thy grave ; 

Meantime, we two will sing the dirge of these, 

Who, dead, deserve our best remembrances. 

Herrick's Hesperides, No. ccccxxxvi., vol. ii. p. 194. 



XX INTRODUCTION. 

Occasionally we find, as at Liverpool, 61 Burnley 62 and Rib- 
chester, 63 an appropriate house and garden provided for the 
accommodation of the chantry priest ; but for the most part 
he had one or two small rooms in a half-timbered hut, with 
little light, no fire place, and an open chimney, with turf 
burning on the hearth between Michaelmas and Candlemas, 
and a yule log at Christmas. A bench or a stool, a wooden 
bedstead and a mattress of straw, would comprise the fur- 
niture and household comforts of these ecclesiastics. It is 
hardly to be supposed that the priest had a servant to stock 
his larder or minister to his culinary wants, and he probably 
prepared his own frugal fare. This would consist of salted 
meat twice a week. On the day of his patron saint, or on 
some great anniversary, he would have fresh meat and fish, 
and on high festivals a double mess. Beans to boil, and 
oatmeal for porridge, with "haberdine," ling, red-herrings, 
cheese, oatcake and apples, would be ordinary food, whilst 
eggs, coarse barley-bread and fresh fish would be amongst 
the luxuries of the table, and were not very sumptuous 
refections. The repeated fasts of the Church would not be, 
with such a dietary, inconvenient duties. 

The habit or costume of the chantry priest in Lancashire 
was a coarse frieze cassock with a leathern girdle, thick clogs, 
and a felt hat or none at all. Sometimes he carried, like 
the laity, a dagger, and sometimes was not over scrupulous 
in its use. 64 To guard against cold in a generally humid and 
always capricious climate, the older and feebler priests had 

61 p. 85. 62 p. 150. 63 p. 196. 

64 p. 272. Works of Bishop Pilkington, p. 659, Parker Soc. 



INTRODUCTION. XXI 

a stouter cassock in winter, some of them " not being curious 
or scrupulous what colour or fashion it be ;" 65 and as the 
infirmities of age crept on they, beyond many others, must 
have felt that " life protracted is protracted woe," and their 
chief consolation must have been that, although hard mea- 
sure had been dealt them here, a reward awaited them, and 
that it was not far distant. 

Nor were the priests generally of the peasant class, as 
we find amongst them younger sons of some of the highest 
families in the county. 66 Some of these appear, from the 
bishops' ordination lists, to have been educated in the mo- 
nasteries, and others at the English universities; but they 
were often compelled, owing to their penury, to occupy and 
cultivate their bits of glebe to eke out a scanty and pre- 
carious subsistence. 67 They were poor without professing 
poverty, and their ordinary life being half monastic, self- 
indulgence, extravagance and luxury, it may be inferred, 
would be a rare occurrence; but promotion still rarer, as 
we find in that century, as well as in the last, that " slow 
rises worth by poverty oppressed." 

Of all the measures by which unprincipled men disgraced 
the Reformation, none contributed more, by the manner in 
which it was conducted, to injure that excellent cause, than 
the suppression of chantries. 68 

After the dissolution of the monasteries and the exhaus- 
tion of their plunder, the king and his courtiers turned to 



65 Works of Bishop Pilkington, p. 659, PARKER SOCIETY. 

66 pp. 39, 5 6 > 9 6 > 9 8 > I00 > l6l > l82 > 2 37 et passim. 
67 pp. 26, top, 196, 224. 68 Whitaker's Hist. Whalley, p. 146. 



XX11 INTRODUCTION. 

the chantries, collegiate churches, hospitals and guilds, in 
all of which masses for the dead were solemnized, and a 
specific form of belief thus maintained which had long been 
a theory, but which had ultimately been declared to be a 
fixed truth of the Roman Catholic Church. 69 If reformation 
had been desired, this one condition of founders, of " teach- 
ing for doctrine the commandments of men," might have 
been repealed, and much would still have been left for a 
learned and discreet clergy to do ; but that would not have 
satisfied covetousness, although it might have prevented 
sacrilege. The Government considered the property of 
these foundations not so much national property as the 

69 And as such it is still maintained, whilst the view of the Church 
of England and of the Greek Church still continues unaltered. In 
November 1861, the Master of the Rolls gave judgment in a case which 
had long excited the interest of the Roman Catholics of Lancashire. 
By a deed poll, dated November 1807, Henry Blundell, of Ince Blun- 
dell, Esq., made a declaration of trust of two large sums of stock, to the 
effect that the trustees of the same should divide the interest between 
the officiating Eoman Catholic priests for the time being at Eormby, 
Stockport, Bolton and Netherton, on condition that they should say a 
certain number of masses daily for the repose of the soul of the said 
Henry Blundell. The legal estate in the fund had devolved upon a sole 
trustee who paid the money into court under the Trustee Belief Act. 
A petition was now presented by the four priests at present officiating 
at the respective chapels named in the deed, and it prayed payment to 
them of the moneys in the proportions severally alloted by the settler. 
Mr.Wickens contended that the gift was well given to charity, notwith- 
standing the condition annexed as to masses. His honour said he felt 
bound by the case of West v. Shuttleworth, decided by Lord Cottenham, 
and must therefore regard the gift as void. For some account of the 
Blundell family see Bishop Grastrell's Notitia Cestriensis, vol. ii. pt. ii. 
p. 218, CHETHAM SOCIETY. 



INTRODUCTION. XX111 

property of the king, who was ready to secularize and mo- 
nopolize it for any purpose he pleased. Principles of equity, 
justice and legal security were set at nought, and the recog- 
nized rights of property disregarded. That the State had 
not furnished the endowments, or done any thing for the 
support of the chantries, was obvious to every one. The 
endowments were all individual donations from age to age. 
The State had even limited the donors in their benefactions, 
but had guaranteed to protect what they had given, and 
then violated the promise. That gross error was taught, 
along with much that was good, is manifest, but to refute 
error there was no need of employing the strong arm of 
power, as other and better weapons were at hand. In the 
37 Henry VIII. the lands, goods and possessions of these 
foundations were settled by an arbitrary parliament on the 
king, and a commission was issued to ascertain their history 
and value, the following "Return" made to the Crown by 
the royal commissioners being the result. The statements 
may be considered as those of eager partisans, who knew 
what was required of them, and who were well-disposed to 
carry out the policy of the Government. The facts appear 
to have been, upon the whole, carefully collected and well 
marshalled ; but there is a tendency to vagueness of state- 
ment which sometimes mars the usefulness of the informa- 
tion. Greater precision might have been secured, more 
accuracy as to founders, more point as to dates, and more 
copious abstracts of foundation deeds. There can be little 
doubt that the clergy and patrons were sensitive, uncom- 
municative, and averse to these prying investigations and 



INTRODUCTION. 

frequent parliamentary commissions upon the internal affairs 
of the Church. They were not disposed to do any thing 
directly to bring about a result which the majority of them 
must have contemplated with dismay. Many of the chan- 
tries are returned as being without plate or ornaments, 
and yet in all there must have been a chalice and paten, a 
missal and an alb, but in various instances these were con- 
cealed and withheld. It is probable that the former articles 
would often be of lead or latten, or some inferior metal, 
and belonged to the priest himself, as the remains of such 
articles have been frequently found in coffins of the pre- 
Reformation ecclesiastics, so that they had been buried with 
their owners. 70 

70 Archaologia, vol. xxxvi. p. 182 ; Proc. Soc.Antiq. p. 286, Dec. 1860. 
We learn from Caesar that the Grauls were in the habit of depositing 
with the dead those articles which were esteemed the most valuable to 
them in life. " Omnia quae vivis cordi fuisse arbitrantur in ignem in- 
ferunt, etiam animalia." And there are proofs of a somewhat similar 
custom amongst the Britons, as celts, daggers, beads of amber, gold, &c., 
are now discovered in barrows and graves. Sir E. C. Hoare's Tumuli 
Wiltunenses, p. 10. In the year 1824 several ancient leaden coffins were 
removed from Trinity chapel in Rochdale church (p. 270 post) to pre- 
pare the way for the construction of an arched vault, and in one of 
the coffins was found a small narrow-necked vessel with a round fluted 
body, either of coarse opaque glass or of light pottery. It was called a 
lachrymatory, and was about five or six inches in height. This vessel 
could not be older than the end of the fifteenth century (when the 
chapel was founded), and was probably a sacramental, and not a sepul- 
chral, vessel. There was also in the same coffin a small tin or metallic 
box, only a few inches in diameter, which had suffered from corrosion, 
and was not preserved. The former relique was in the possession of 
Mr. Hugh Oldham, schoolmaster, in 1829. 



INTRODUCTION. XXV 

The interior decorations of the greater part of the Lan- 
cashire chantries appear to have been meagre, and the 
founders do not seem, except at Manchester, Ribchester 
and Eccles, to have produced any noble or remarkable 
architectural work. Patrons made the necessary fabric 
repairs from time to time, and not always before they were 
needed. 71 

In the i Edward VI., c. 14, parliament gave the youthful 
king the last sweepings of the chantry lands of which his 
father had, from any cause, not held full possession. Cran- 
mer and Tonstall alike faithfully remonstrated and discreetly 
pleaded, from different motives, for the preservation of the 
chantries, but in vain. The statute expressly provided "that 
nothing therein should extend to any chapel made for the 
ease of the people dwelling distant from the parish church, 
nor to any such like chapel, whereunto no more lands &c. 
than the chapel yard, or a little house, or close, did pertain ;" 
and this clause ought to have saved many of the chapels 
desolately situated amidst a widely-scattered and increasing 
population, in the outposts of large towns like Rochdale 
and Blackburn, from the fiat of spoliation: but such was 
not the case. In many instances the parishes came forward 
wisely and well, and purchased the chantry chapels, obvi- 
ously, at almost nominal prices, 72 of the king's commissioners, 
as chapels of ease to the mother church; but they were 
stripped of every thing that was necessary for the perform- 
ance of divine service, in conformity with the established 

71 Surtees' Hist. Durh. vol. i. p. Ixx. note. n p. 277. 

d 



XX vi INTRODUCTION. 

religion, even to "the communion plate" and the "one bell," 73 
which Somerset pretended was quite sufficient to summon 
the people to prayers. By the operation of the act 2 and 3 
Queen Anne, c. n, they were constituted benefices with 
the cure of souls, and thereby obtained, where they did not 
before exist, the ordinary parish rights of administering the 
holy sacraments and of sepulture. Some of the families and 
representatives of the original founders, who had embraced 
a better creed and approved of the general acts of the saint- 
like king, looked upon this act of rapacity and destruction 
with an anxious eye and shuddered, whilst many of the old 
men, like Southworth and Towneley, bitterly exclaimed, 
with grief and indignation, " The heathen have come into 
thine inheritance, Lord, and thy holy temples have they 
defiled ;" and it might be said, without much poetical figure, 
that " the shrines all trembled, and the lamps grew pale." 

Nor was this the only evil which was felt. The founda- 
tions being impoverished or destroyed, the people deprived 
of their old pastors and neglected by their new ones, were 
left in a state of ignorance and vice fearful to contemplate, 
and many of the extensive parishes of Lancashire, which 

73 pp. 268, 275. Thus, says Southey (and how melodiously the passage 
must sound in the ears of Mr. Denison), the country was in danger of 
losing its best music, a music hallowed by all circumstances, which, 
according equally with social exultation and with solitary pensiveness, 
though it falls upon many an unheeding ear, never fails to find some 
hearts which it exhilarates and some which it softens. Book of the 
Church, 8vo, c. xiii. p. 306. The bells had been hallowed, or baptized, 
with divers ceremonies, and, according to Latimer, were better preachers 
than many of those whose duty it was to preach. 



INTRODUCTION. XXV11 

even at that time ought to have been subdivided and their 
chapels competently endowed, and supplied with our admi- 
rable parochial system and the reformed liturgy, were deli- 
berately left without any clergy. On the suppression of 
the chantries in the year 1548 the number of the clergy 
in Manchester, including the chantry priests, amounted to 
twenty-two ; 74 in Winwick parish to fourteen ; in Blackburn 
to the same number ; 75 and in Prescot to eleven ; and all the 
large parishes were similarly provided, the cantarists, as 
they were styled, at the same time being actively employed 
in doing parochial work. When the latter were silenced, 
and retired upon miserable and ill-paid life pensions, the 
voice of religion for a long time almost ceased to be heard, 
for at Bishop Downham's visitation in the year 1562^ there 
were not more than two or three clergymen in each of 
the large parishes in his diocese, and the greater part of the 
old chapels, with their wide chapelries, had not even one. 
This lamentable state of things may be partly accounted for 
from the fact that the queen, at the very beginning of her 
reign, publicly inhibited all preaching; 77 and although this 

74 Bishop Bird's Visit. Call Roll. Lane. MSS., vol. xxii. p. 260. In 
this year, however, two of the clergy are reported as being dead, and 
one excommunicated. The population was about ten thousand. See 
p. 10 post, note. 

75 Three are returned as being dead. Ibid. p. 264. The population 
was about three thousand, as two-thirds of that number were communi- 
cants. See p. 153 post, note. 

76 Lane. MSS., vol. xxii. p. 274. 

77 Zurich Letters, vol. i. p. 7, PARKER Soc. Strype's Annals, vol. L 
p. 59. A similar inhibition had been issued by Edw. VI., dated Sep. 23, 
1548. Cranmer's Works, vol. ii. p. 513. 



XXV111 INTRODUCTION. 

solemn obligation of the clergy to " preach the Word" was 
afterwards restored, 7 * it was long discouraged by Elizabeth, 
who thought that three or four preachers in a county were 
quite sufficient. 79 Thus the old tree, with all its cankered 
boughs and caterpillars, was stubbed and burnt, and it was 
long before the new set afforded to the remote districts of 
the North either fruit or shelter. 80 

Queen Mary's first endeavour on coming to the Crown 
was to restore the lost patrimony of the chantries, and to 
accomplish that object another and third royal commission 
was issued. 81 The canon law had denounced sacrilegious 
spoliation, and warned the purchasers of lands that the bar- 
gains were invalid and the sales void. The protests of the 
Church were disregarded and her censures despised, and 
with incredible rapidity, by grant, lease, " sale or exchange, 
the property passed from one layman to another, until it 
became secularized and merged in a lay fee. 82 " What the 

78 Zurich Letters, vol. i. p. 30, PAEKEE Soc. 

79 Grindal's Remains, p. xii., Ibid. 

80 Surtees. 81 p. 255. 

82 The chantry property in Liverpool had been held on life leases 
subject to small fixed rents, fines and foregifts having been received by 
the respective incumbents. The following minute statement, (which 
may be compared with the Commissioners' Report, pp. 82-93 post) is 
taken from a valuable i2mo. volume entitled The SpeJce MS., now in 
the library at Knowsley (Case 3) being " A Trewe and perfect Note of 
all the Chantry Tenants of Leverpole that purchased any landes be- 
longing to the Chantries from S r Thomas Hesketh and M r Ashurste, and 
what each of them payd respectively." The document has no date but 
the transactions are almost contemporaneous with the suppression of the 
chantries. 



INTRODUCTION. XXIX 

yearly revenues of the chantries, free chapels and colleges 
amounted to," says Fuller, " God knows, for the king knew 

Raphe Secome purchesd iii 1 ' rent xiiii d 

M r Richard Rose purchasd I 11 rent xxvi 8 viii d 

M r Edmund Rose purch. xx" rent iii d 

Robert Mercer purch. vi 11 rent xvii d 

Rowland Johnson purch. vi 11 rent ii s 

M r Rob. More purch. xxxix 11 rent xxiii 8 

Thomas Tarleton purch. iiii 11 rent xviii d 

Elizabeth H olden purch, iiii 11 rent iii* 

Humphry flayrpolites purch. viii 11 rent ii s vi d 

John Crosse purch. xviii 8 rent ii d 

Nicholas ffazakerley purch. iiii 11 rent xxxvii 8 

Cuthbert Laurence purch. iiii 11 rent ii s ii d 

Lanslett Walker purch. xxx 11 rent xviii 8 vi d 

Rich. Abram purch. vi 11 rent iii* iiii d 

William Eccleston purch. xxx u vii s ix d rent xxxv" viii d 

Thomas Highmough purch. Iv 11 rent xxxvi 8 viii d 

Thomas Lurting purch. xxx n rent xxix s 

Thomas Dison alias Ricson purch. xv 11 rent vii 8 vi d 

William Cobte purch. li u rent xxiv* iv d 

Thomas Bick'stath purch. iii u rent xiiii d 

John Blacmore purch. xii 1 ' rent vii 8 vi d 

Robert Mellinge purch. iii 11 vi s viii d rent iiii* 

Robert Lurting Seu r purch. v 11 rent iiii* 

Edward Robinson purch. xi 11 rent xxi 8 ii d 

Walter Chambers gave M r Ashurst xvi 11 

M r Rose will give for the Merland 1" 

Thomas ffoxe gave for Anthony Berryes house xvi 11 purchase, rent vi* ix d 

Robert Rydinge for Alkertons iiii 11 

Joseph Abram must give x 11 

M r Rose will give for Robert Listinge and Robert Melling house, x" 

And these things appear by the Certificat of Thomas Hokenhull, Major of 

Leverpole, for the notification of the truth in tyme to come." 
It appears from a 'Rental' of Liverpool made in the year 1533 and 
contained in the same volume, that there was due to the king, in right 
of his duchy of Lancaster, payable by 

S r Raufe Haworth for S* Nicholas his lands, ii 8 i d 

Item the lands of our Ladie payd by S r Rich. Frodsham, xviii d 

It. S r Rich, for a q r of a burgage of y e Gift of Wm. More Esq., iii d 

It. for the lands of S* Katherine p d by Thomas Heckmogh, vi* viii d 



XXX INTRODUCTION. 

as little as some in our age ;" and he broadly states that the 
endowments of many of them were concealed and never 
came into the exchequer at all, being grasped by private 
but potent persons. Intimations to this effect appear in the 
following pages. Mary was able to restore very few of the 
chantries, and these had only a temporary existence. The 
lands vested in the Crown, which belonged to them, had 
been squandered. It is worthy of note that Henry VIII., 
who suppressed 2374 chantries, 83 provided with marvellous 
inconsistency, by his will dated joth Dec. 1 546, that imme- 
diately after his death all the Romish funeral services should 
be performed for him, and he gave a thousand marks to 
the poor who should assist at his funeral, and six hundred 
pounds sterling per annum, in land, to the Dean of Windsor, 
that he might provide masses for his (the king's) soul con- 
tinually. 841 On the other hand Queen Mary, who had sought 
to restore the chantries, made no provision at all for the 
celebration of purgatorial masses. 

After the Marian persecution had passed away the state 
of the Church was deplorable, owing to the scarcity of Pro- 
testant divines. The seed plot was well nigh exhausted 
by martyrdom and exile, persecution and poverty. Some 

It. the same for the Howse that William Bisshoppe helde, ix d 

It. the lands of S l John p d by S r Thomas Holey, vi d 

It. dimidium Burgagii in the Chappell brick occupied by M r Par- 
son of Sefton, Thomas Halsall esq., S r Thomas Grrymeshawe, w ch was late in 
the possession of William More Esq., vi d 

It. for the Preist's chamber, v d p. 79. 

83 See Notes and Queries, vol. iii. p. 24. Fuller says the number was 
very great, though uncertain. 

84 Acta Regia, vol. iii. 348, 349. 



INTRODUCTION. XXXI 

golden grain indeed remained, sifted and winnowed from 
the chaff, but every parish had not the blessed privilege of 
possessing like Manchester an Oliver Carter, like Rochdale 
a Midgley, or like Preston a Daniel. Many of the rural 
chapelries in poor and remote districts were either entirely 
destitute of ministers, or afflicted with such as were illiterate 
and useless; or, what is nearer the truth, they were left 
to the wandering priests of the ancient Church, who, de- 
prived of a seat of rest, roved through the country, carrying 
along with them their sacrificial vases and tattered missals, 
and administering in private the consolations of religion or 
superstition to their scattered flocks. 85 

We are in the habit of looking back with an eye of pity 
on this period of our history, and, with a full consciousness 
of our superior intelligence and orthodoxy, of congratulating 
ourselves on our freedom from its errors, and from the per- 
nicious influences of a mistaken creed; but we are apt to 
forget that if error was taught in those days, there was, at 
least, a well-meant earnestness in its dissemination, which, 
with the full light of sacred truth around us, and every obli- 
gation, sacred and secular, to urge us to the performance of 
our duty, it well becomes us to imitate, and, if possible, to 
surpass 88 

It only remains to be added that some of the valuable 
materials which constitute the History of the Lancashire 
Chantries here printed, were first brought under the notice 
of the late Rev. JOSEPH CLARKE, B.A., the excellent Rector 

85 Surtees' Hist. Durh., vol. iii. p. 53. 

86 Eaine's Life of the Rev. John Hodgson, vol. i. p. 342. 



XXX11 INTRODUCTION. 

of Stretford, whilst collecting information for a history of 
his parish, by the Lord BISHOP of MANCHESTER. Mr. CLARKE 
afterwards obtained, through the liberality of friends, 87 a full 
transcript of the several Reports of the Royal Commissioners 
from the office of the Duchy of Lancaster ; but his early 
death prevented such portions of them being used as fell 
within the scope of his projected but incomplete under- 
taking, and he bequeathed the manuscripts to his respected 
Diocesan. On a more careful examination of their contents, 
his Lordship, whose thorough insight into whatever is im- 
portant or valuable in historical inquiry is not less conspi- 
cuous than his uniform encouragement of all endeavours to 
prosecute and advance it, deemed the reports to be of suffi- 
cient interest to merit publication; and by placing them, 
with that view, at the disposal of their Council, has conferred 
an obligation, deserving of grateful acknowledgment, on the 
CHETHAM SOCIETY, and a duly appreciated honour on its 
Vice-President, by requesting him to become the Editor of 
the present volume. F. R. R. 

87 Amongst whom it would be an act of injustice to withhold the 
names of Miss ATHERTOF, the BISHOP of MANCHESTER, J. C. HARTEB, 
Esq., and JAMES DEARDEN, Esq., the two last, long known for their 
philanthropy, now share the repose of " holy earth," and their funeral 
knell still sounds in our ears, and saddens our hearts. The expense of 
the office copies amounted to upwards of 30?. 



CONTENTS, 



Seancri? of ittmtcijcgtcr* 



Chantry Sir Thomas Assheton, Knt. 



MacTcrod : St. Katharine's C. 
Hivington 



JStonfield 

Heywood: St. Luke's C. 

Holcombe 



Harwich : Holy Trinity C. 
Haughton 



College of Jesus fy B.V. Mary 
Holy Trinity C. 
St. Katherine's C. 
Second C, 



86. George's C. 

Second C. 
St. George's Guild 
Holy Trinity C. 
Chellerton or Chorlton C. 
Didslury: C. of St. John 
St. James's C. 

Jesus C. 

St. John Baptists C. 

S.V.Mary's C. 

St. Nicholas's C. 

Stretford: Tr afford' s C. 



Dame Mabella de Bradshaw 
Richard Pilkington, Esq. 

Unknown 

Heywood of Heywood 

Pr. & Conv. of Breton, co. York 



Archbishop William Booth 
Sir Geoffrey Massey, Znt. 
Thomas del Bothe, Esq. 
Archbishop Laur. Booth 

Eobert Chetham, Gent. 
William Galey, merchant 
Richard Tetlaw & others 
WiUiam Radclyffe, Esq. 
Unknown 
Inhabitants 

Warden Huntingdon & 
Ralph Hulme, Esq. 
Richard Bexwicke, merchant 
Jas. Stanley, D.D., Bp. of Ely 

de Trafford 

de Gresley 

Sir Edmd. de Trafford, Knt. 



1516 

1338 
i54i 

incert. 
id. 
id. 



Unknown id. 

Abbot & Convent of Cokersand ? id. 



1501 
1503 



1498 
incert. 



252 

i 2 5 

260 

273 
277 

273 

273 
268 



1460 134 

1498 129 

1368 131 

1450 132 



40 
46 
46 

49 

277 



circa 1235 265 

1507 25 
1506 48-246 



ante 1349 36 
ante 1311 31 
55 
e 



XXXIV 



CONTENTS. 



Ashworth : St. James's C. 
S. V. Mary # St. Cuthbert's 0. 
St. Chad 8f St. Margaret's C. 



St. George's C. 
St. Margaret's C. 
Oldham C. 
Shaw C. 



Holy Trinity C. 

St. Katherine's C. 
Littleborough, Holy Trinity C. 
Milnrow : St. James's C. 
Todmorden : JB. V. Mary's C. 



IDcanmj 



St. Thomas d Secret's C. 
Garston : St. Michael's C. 
Hale : St. Mary's C. 



S.V.Mary's C. 
Mayghull C. 
Melling : Holy Rood C. 
St. Nicholas's C. 



S.V.Mary's C. 
St. Michael's C. 

leigfy. 

S.V.Mary's C. 



St. John's C. 
St. Catherine's C. 
St. Mary's C. 
St. Nicholas's C. 



Lathom : St. John's C. 

St. Mary Magdalene's C. 

Our Lady of Pity's C. 

St. Peter's or S. V. Mary's C. 



JFcunlJjt. 


8LQ. 


tfagt 


Holte, of Ashworth, Esq. 


temp. H. 8 


270 


Cardinal Langley 


1412 


119 


Raphe Barton, Esq. ? 


1412 


122 


Ellis Hylton, Esq. 


i6th cent. 


193 


Mrs. Agnes Manne 


id. 


193 


Radclyffe of Chaderton 


incert. 


274 


Unknown 


ante 1515 


270 


Sir Rand. Butterworth & Dr. 


. 




Adam Marland, Priests 


1487 


270 


Chadwick, Gent. ? 


ante 1516 


270 


The Inhabitants 


1471 


277 


E. Butterworth, Gent. & others 


1496 


269 


Radclyffe, Esq. & others 


ante 1476 


277 


The Inhabitants 


1532 


268 


Thomas Norres, Esq. 


1487 


98 


Thomas de Grelle 


1262 


268 


Unknown. 


ante 1436 


273 


Sir Henry Halsall, Knt. 


i5 2 3 


"5 


Unknown 


incert. 


277 


Unknown 


incert. 


277 


Sir Henry Halsall & Sir Henry 






Molyneux 


circa 1523 


117 


John de Winwick, Clerk 


1359 


93 


Richard de Winwick, Clerk 


1405 


95 


Atherton of Atherton 


circa 1360 


271 


John de Liverpool 


1 4th cent. 


82 


John Crosse 


I5i5 


84 


Henry, D. of Lancaster, K.G. 


1361 


8? 


John, D. of Lancaster 


circa 1369 


89 


Thomas, ist E. of Derby, K.G. 


1500 


1 06 


Peter Gerard, Esq. 


1492 


100 


Thomas Atherton, Esq. 


1516 


IOI 



Thomas, ist E. of Derby, & 
others 



circa 1497 103 



CONTENTS. 



XXXV 



Farnworth 

Jesus C. 

Windle: St. Thomas's C. 



Crosby Magna : St. Luke's C. 
X.V.Mary's C. 
Molyneux's C. 



KirTceby C. 

(Molyneux's} St. John's C. 

West Derby : St. Mary's C. 



St. Anne's C. 
S.V.Mary's C. 

Second C. 
Hollinfare C. 



S.V.Mary's C. 



Holy Trinity C. 
Newton C. 
Stanley C. 

-Dcancnj of Blacfcfcunu 



JFountiet. 

Sir John Bold, Knt. 
John Bold of Bold 
Sir Thomas Gerard, Knt. 

Blundell of Crosby ? 
Margaret Bukley, Widow 
Edward Molyneux, B.D. 

Molyneux of Sefton ? 
Dr. John Molyneux 
Unknown 

Mr. Eichard Delves 
Sir William Butler ? 
Sir Thomas Butler, Knt. 
Hamon Massey, Esq. 

Dame Mabella de Bradshaw 

Sir Gilbert de Haydock, Knt. 
Sir Robert Banastre, Knt. 
Archdeacon Edwd. Stanley ? 



i$th cent. 76 

incert. 78 

i$th cent. 79 



incert. 
1528 
1535 

incert. 

1485 
incert. 



1380 
1520 
H97 

1388 

1330 
1284 
1467 



The High Altar C. 
S.V.Mary's C. 

Lawe : St. Leonard's C. 
Samesbury : St. Leonard's C. 



Acryngton : St. James's C. 
Altham : St. James's C. 
Clitheroe : St. Mary's C. 
Church : St. James's C. 
Colne : St. Osyth's C. 
Burnley: B.V. Mary's C. 
St. Anthony's C. 
Holy Crucifix C. 
St. Peter's C. 
Downham : St. Leonard's C. 



Mr. Geoffrey Banastre 
Thomas, 2nd E. of Derby, & 

others 
Unknown 
Gospatric de Samlesbury 

Unknown 

Hugh, son of Leofwine 

Thomas Eadclyffe, Esq., M.P. 

Unknown 

Towneley of Barnside 

Thomas de la Legh 

John Nowellj Esq. 

William Piccope 

The Inhabitants 

Unknown 



H53 



incert. 
1 2th cent. 



277 
109 



277 
80 

277 



63 

57 

25 i 

6r 

66 

69 

74 
68 



Harwood: St. Bartholomew' sC. Thomas Hesketh, Esq. circa 1389 145 



152 



156 
265 
265 



incert. 277 

i $th cent. 269 

1440 263 

i$th cent. 275 

incert. 266 

1373 H7 

i5 r 9 2 39 

1522 151-239 

incert. 15 

itfhcent. 259 



XXXVI 



CONTENTS. 



Jouttter. 

Edesforth : St. Nicholas's C. The Burgesses of Clitheroe 
Goodshaw: S. Mary $ All Snts'C. The Inhabitants 
Haslyngden : St. James's C. Unknown 

Bichard Whitacre 

Unknown 

John Marshall, LL.B. 



Holme in divider 

Marsden C. 

Padiham : St. Leonard's C. 

Second C. 
Pendle: S.V. Mary's C. 



Dranrvi? of 



St. John baptist's C. 

Secconsall C. 

Holy Trinity C. 

The Rood C. 

Rufford: B.V. Mary's C. 

Second C. 

Third C. 

Fourth C. 
Tarlton : St. Helens C. 



S.T.Mary's C. 
Douglas C. 

IL^glantf, 

St. Nicholas's C. 

Second C. 
Haypay C. 



S.V.Mary's C. 

St. Nicholas's 
The Rood C. 

IBeanerg of 

33tejpfcam C. 
(Sarstang. 

S.V. Mary's C. 

St. James's C. 



Goosnargh: S. V. Mary's C. 
Holy Rood C. 
Singleton : St. Mary's C. 



The Inhabitants ? 
The Inhabitants 



1350 236 

1540 277 

1 3th cent. 274 

1500? 241 

i $th cent. 269 

1451 142 

1525? 240 

1543 269 



Mr. John Todd, Priest 
George Becconsall, Esq. 
Katherine Tarlton 
Christopher Walton 
Sir Wm. de Hesketh, Knt. 
Alice Hesketh, Widow 
Thomas Hesketh, Esq. 
Bartholomew Hesketh, Esq. 
George Dandy, Priest 

Mr. William Wall 
Henry Parbold 

Sir Wm. ffarington of ff., Knt. ? 
Sir Henry ffarington, Knt. 
Standish of Duxbury ? 



i6th cent. 167 

1517? 170 

i6th cent. 167 

incert. 169 

1346 i 60 

1495 i 60 

1523 160 
1 6th cent. 164 

1517 i?3 

1511 156 

incert. 158 

1360? 182 

1524 184 
incert. 277 



Alexander or X'fer Wall 
Sir Alexander Fairclough 
James Standish, Esq. 



Unknown 

Margaret Rygmaden 
Eoger de Brockholes 

Ann Singleton 
Bichard Clifton, Esq. 
Unknown 



circa 1511 
14 



178 
176 

180 



incert. 264 



1522 
1499 



199 

2OI 



i$fh cent. 242 

ante 1452 213 

1387 216 



CONTENTS. 



XXXV11 



_B. V. Mary's C. 
The Friary C. 
St. Thomas a SecJcet's C. 
Second C. 



St. Catherine's C. 

Second C. 
Wood Plumpton C. 



-B. F. Mary's C. 
Sroughton C. 
Fernyhalgh C. 
Holy Hood C. 
Stipendiary Priest's C. 
St. Mary Magdalene's C. 



Bayley t St. John Baptises C. 
JS.T. Mary's C. 
Longridge: St. Lawrende'sC. 

Dcancnj of Honsttalc, 



JFounUer. 

John Gardyner 
Sir Hugh Harington 
John Gardyner 
Mayor & Burg, of Lancaster 

"John Butler, Esq. 
Kirkby of Kirkby 
Dame Joan de Ardern ? 

Helen Hoghton, Widow 

Unknown 

Unknown 

Sir Rich, de Hoghton, Knt. 

Mayor & Burg, of Preston 

Uncertain 

Eobert de Clitheroe, Clerk 
Sir Rich, de Hoghton, Knt. 
Hothersall of Hothersall ? 



mm. 

1485 221 

I26O 225 

1472 228 

incert. 229 

1462 218 

incert. 220 

i $th cent. 264 

circa 1480 205 

incert. 259 

i$th cent. 259-63 

1341 202 

31 H. 8 204 

circa 1291 208 

1338 2n 

1405 194 

incert. 280 



Hornby C. Edward, Ld. Monteagle, K.G. 1523 235 

St. J.Sap. C. in Thurland Castle. Sir Thomas Tunstall, Knt. circa 1469 233 

Deanery of jFuroesg, 

St. Mary Magdalene's C. Henry Kirkby, Esq. 1523 229 

. C. Unknown incert. 250 

Of 



Mary's C. 



Middleton of Leighton ante 1503 250 



CORRIGENDA. 

Page 4, note i. These were simply reprises, or back payments. 

Page 28, note i. After his grandson, read or son. 

Page 78, note 5. For occupante, read occupanti. 

Page 95, note. For nephew, read brother of the king's chaplain. In the 
32 Edward III. (1358) William le Botiller of Warrington, chevalier, 
gave to John de Wynwick, treasurer of the church of B. Peter of York, 
and his heirs, xl a year, to be received from the manor of Burgh in 
Lonsdale, in the duchy of Lancaster ; and John de Wynwick granted 
to the prioress of Norton the said rent of xl". Dodsworth, quoting 
Close Roll, 32 Edward III. In the Post Mortem Inquisition of 
Henry duke of Lancaster (33 Edward III.) William le Botiller is 
returned as holding lands of the duke, and the jurors say that the said 
duke died seized of the advowson of the church of Warrington, which 
he possessed during the life of William le Botiller, chevalier, by the 
demise of Richard de Wynwick, brother and heir of John de Wynwick^ 
the said William le Botiller having demised it for the said term to the 
said John de Wynwick. Dodsworth's MS. ; Lane. MSS. vol. xxxviii. 
p. 78. 

Page 126, note 38. For de, read le Norris. 

Page 168. For the Eood, read Holy Trinity. 

Page 176, note 60. After arts and arms, add inverted commas. 

Page 248, note 92. For Vol. xi., read Vol. ii. 

Page 305. After Sir Thomas Lankton knt., add 74. 

Page 311. Pendle chapell, for 209 read 269. 



Cjjantries* 



of 

E. Bundell: Miscell U. 45. 




ftttg tf)e etgftt by the grace of God Kinge of England 
Fraunce and Ireland defender of the faythe and of the 
churche of Englond and also of Irelond on erthe the sujJme 
hedde. 2To tyt reuend ffather in God John bishopp of Chestr 1 
and to his trustie and welbeloved Syr Thomas Holcrofte knight 2 
John Holcrofte esquyer 3 Robert Tatton esquyer 4 John Kechyn 
esquyer 5 and James Eokebye esquyer 6 and to euy of theyme 

1 John Bird D.D. Bishop of Chester 1541-1553. He died in 1556. See Q-astrell's 
Not. Cestr. vol. i. p. 6. 

2 Sir Thomas Holcroft of Vale Boyal co. Cestr., knighted at Leith 1544. 
Stanley Papers, pt. ii. p. 103. Lane. Visit. a 1567 in Coll. Arm. 

3 John Holcroft of Holcroft co. Lane., afterwards knighted. See Stanley Papers, 
pt. ii. p. 103. Lancashire and Cheshire Wills, pt. i. p. 148. He was brother of Sir 
Thomas above named. Grafton's Lane. MS. in Coll. Arm. 

4 Kobert Tatton of Withenshaw co. Cestr. Esq., the head of an ancient house 
allied to the barons of Dunham Massey ; and although "very evil at ease" in 1557, 
and an agent of Queen Mary, he had been employed in the work of church spoliation 
by her father. See much of his personal and domestic history in his elaborate will, 
Lancashire and Cheshire Witts, pt. iii. pp. 91-107, and Stanley Papers, pt. ii. p. 194. 

5 John Kitchen Esq., whose ancestors are supposed to have been tenants of the 
Abbot and convent of Cokersand, being trained to the study of the law, became 



2 &ancasf)tre Cftantties* 

greeting WfyWt frg the acte in our parlyament holden at Westm 
in the xxxvij th yere of our reigne for cten causes and considera- 
cyons conteyned and specyfyed in the same acte ther is gyven 
and graunted to us full power and autorytie tassume and take 
into our haude and possessyon at our will and pleasure duryng 
our naturall lyfe all chauntreis hospitalle} college ffrechapelle} 
ffra?nyties brotherhoode guylde and sallaries of stypendarie prieste 
within this realme of Englond and Wales and the mlches of the 
same hauyng ppetuytie for eu and beyng charged or chargeable to 
the payment of the fyrst frute and tenthes and all college charge- 
able and not chargeable to the payment of the fyrst frute and 
tenthes and all the manours londe tente hereditamente and pos- 
sessyons unyted annexed or belonginge to theym or any of theym 
as in the sayd acte more at large may appere. 2OTe ewestlge 
seking and wysshing that the due and true execucyon of thautho- 
rytie and power to us gyven and graunted as is aforeseid shulde 
hoolye tende to the glorye of Almyghtie God whose hono r we 
chieflye seke in this thing and to the common welthe of this our 
realme accordyng unto the trust and confidence that our wel- 
beloved and obedyent subiecte haue conceyued in us and comytted 
unto us in that behalfe have thought good before we shulde pcede 

supervisor of the Court of Augmentation, London, during its brief existence, and in 
the 35 Henry VIII. 1543, bought the dissolved Abbey of Cokersand, its site, and 
some of its lands. He afterwards settled at Pilling Hall in the parish of Garstang, 
and became a burgess in parliament. See Eentale de Cokersand, p. xvij Gastrell's 
Not. Cestr. vol. ii. pt. iii. p. 568 note. 

6 (Page i.) James Eokeby, fourth son of Thomas Kokeby of Kokeby and Mortham 
co. York Esq. He was one of the council to Henry VIII., an officer of the Court of 
Augmentation, and some time auditor to the Marquess of Northampton. He married 
Jane, daughter of Sir William Middleton (called "Geoffrey" in the Visit.), and was 
father of James Rokeby of Sleningford co. York Esq. Visit. Tories. 1668, in Coll. 
Arm. In Wright's Suppression of the Monasteries (Camden Society 1843) is a letter 
from the commissioners of the North to Cromwell (No. 26) about the year 1536, which 
has the signature of James Eokeby with those of the other commissioners, (p. 167,) 
from which it is evident that he was not a stranger at this time to church spoliation. 



to thexecucyon of any thyng therin conteyned to haue a true and 
ctein declaracyon and ctyficat made unto us as well of the nombre 
and names of the said chauntries college ffratnyties brotherheddf 
hospytalle and other the seid pmocyons as also of thordres 
quaylties degrees uses abuses condycyons estate and necessities 
concnyng theym or any of theym wherof being ctenlie fullie and 
credyblie informed and enstructed we shalbe the more able with 
expedycyon to do and accomplyshe those thinge whiche the neces- 
sitie and importaunce of this matter requyreth IvUOto ther- 
fore that we trustyng in y8 fydelyties and approved wysdome 
haue appoynted and assigned you to be our comyssyoners gyvinge 
to you fyve fowre or thre of you full power and autorytie to 
assemble yourself e in suche place or place within the Counties of 
Cestr Lancastr and the cytye of Cestr and at suche daies and 
tymes as you fyve fowre or thre of you shall thinke mete and 
convenyent and to examyne serche and enquyre by all waies and 
meanes that ye can what and howe manye chauntries hospitalle 
college ffrechapelle ffra?nyties brotherhedds guyldes and stypen- 
darye prieste hauyng ppetuytie for eu By what so eu name sur- 
names corporacyons or tytles they be comonlye called or known 
accordyng to ther seuall natures kynde qualyties and degrees be 
within the seid counties of Cestr and Lancastr and the cytye of 
Cestr and also to examyne serche and enquyre by all weis and 
meanes that you can by your discrecyons or by the discrecyons of 
fyve fowre or thre of you to what intent e purposes and dede 
of charytie the same chauntreis hospitalle college and other the 
seid pmocyons or any of theym were founded ordeyned or made 
and howe and in what manner the reuenewej and pfite of the pos- 
sessyons of the same be used expendyd or employed and whiche 
and howe many of them be paroche churches and how farre dis- 
taunte euy of the seid chapelle} or chauntries bene from the 
paroche churche within whiche paroche any of them stondyth and 



re CTfjantries. 

be sett to thintente we male knowe whiche shalbe mete to stond 
and remayne as they now be or to be dissolued altered or re- 
formed making to us a pfyte ctificat of euy pticuler poynte therof 
accordynglie. &tt0 fttttfytfr we gyve full power and authorytie to 
you our seid coinyssyo3s and to fyve fowre or thre of you to 
repayre to the princypal howses of all the seid chauntries hospy- 
tallf collegf ffrechapellf ffratnyties brotherheddf guyldf and 
stypendarie priestf in the seid counties of Cestr and Lancastr and 
the cytye of Cestr and to make a survey of all the londf tentf 
possessyons and revenewe} unyted annexyd or appteynyng to 
theym and to euy of theym or whiche at any tyme sithe the 
fowrth daie of ffebruarie in the xxvij th yere of our reigne did 
appteygne or belong to the seid pmocyons or to any of theym 
makyng mencyon of the resolute l and deduccyons goyng oute of 
the same &i80 toe gyve unto you fyve fowre or thre of you full 
power and auctorytie to enquyre serche and examyne how manye 
chauntreis hospitallf college ffrechapellf guyldf ffra?nytieC bro- 
therhedde and other pmocyons aforeseid sithe the fowrth daie of 
ffebruarie in the seid xxvij th yere of our reign haue been dissoluyd 
purchsyd or by any other meanes obtayned by any of our subiectf 
of their owne auctorytie withoute our specyall lycence 2 and to sur- 
vey truly the same and the yerelie valewe therof with the goodf 
and ornaments of the same with all the deduccyons and resolute 
therof and to make ctificat accordinglie And to thintente the plate 
jewellf ornamentf good and cattallf of the seid chauntries hospy- 
tallf and other the seid pmocyons by the maisters gouners mynys- 

1 Used in the sense of fixed payment or rent charge, haying regard to the original 
resolution, or intention, of the founder. The word does not occur in Nares or Halli- 
well. 

2 Instances occur in the following Survey of sagacious and bold individuals, who 
foresaw the approaching storm, resuming the endowments of their ancestors, and thus 
anticipating and defeating the spoliation of the King. If the authority exercised was 
illegal, it seems at least, in some cases, to have been successful. 



ters and incumbent f of the sayme shulde not be way sty d spoyled 
or otherwyse imbeseyled but that the sayme shulde remayne to 
soche godlye intent^ and purposes as we shall hereafter appoynt 
for the same <ttf togll and pleasure is that you our seid comys- 
syoSs fyve fowre or thre of you shall make seuall Inventories in- 
dentyd betwene you five fowre or thre of you and the maisters rulers 
gouners or incumbent^ of the seid chauntries hospitalle and other 
the seid pmocyons of all the plate jewellf ornament goodf and 
cattail mereley pteynyng or belongyng to any of the seid chaun- 
treis hospytall and other the seid pmocyons and thereupon to gyve 
charge and comandment in our name to the seid maisters rulers 
gouners mynysters and incumbent^ of the seid chauntreis hospy- 
tallf and other the seid pmocyons safelye to kepe and {Jserue the 
same untyll our further pleasure be knowne in that behalfe $to& 
ftttt^Ct oure pleasure and comaundment is that you oure seid 
comyssySs fyve fowre or thre of you shall not onelye Styfye unto 
oure chauncello r and counsell of our courte of thaugmentacyons of 
the revenewe) of our crowne in wrytyng in parchement under yo r 
sealles the nombre and names of all the seid chauntreis hospytallf 
college and other the seid pmocyons but also shall lykewyse 2tyfye 
the survey of the londf tentf reuenewes and possessions goodf 
catalle ornament and jewellf of the same to be made in forme 
aforeseid And also one pt of the Inventories indentyd to be 
made of the seid iewelle plate ornament^ goodf and cattail^ of the 
same chauntries, hospytall^ college and other the seid pmocyons 
as ys aforeseid and all other thingf comytted or coiriaunded to 
you to be done and executed by Vtue of this Comyssion together 
w*h the same Comyssion so that the same maye remayne of 
recorde in our seid courte of thaugmentacyons and to thentent 
that true declaracyon therof shalbe made to us by the Chauncello r 
of the same courte &ttU toe comaunde to all mayers sheriffs 
baylyfff constables and all other our offycers mynysters and 



subieetC that they and euy of theym shalbe ayding obediente 
and assystaunte to you and euy of you in all thingC touchyng 
thexecucyon of this our Comyssyon as it belongyth and as neces- 
sytie from tyme to tyme shall requyre in that behalf $tt 
wherof we have caused these our Ires to be made patent 
n88 ourselfe at Westm. the xiij th daie of fiebruarie in the seven 
and thirteth yere of oure reigne. 

SOUTHWELL. 1 

1 Francis Southwell Esq. succeeded his brother Sir Eobert Southwell of Wood- 
rising co. Norfolk knt., and became Auditor of the Exchequer temp. Henry VIII. His 
second son was Master of the Eolls. Of this family is the Viscount Southwell in the 
peerage of Ireland. 






Countie of Lancaster, 



C6e College of $?lanrt)e$tre, 1 




clerke warden John Bui- Collie at 
larieclerke 3 John Cupage clerke Willy am Venkerd 4 
clerke Kanold Barne} and Willy am Wilson preistes 
Incumbentes beinge ffelowe} ther Rauff Prowdelove 
John Smythe George Natch ell 5 and Edwarde Burye 
decones Edwarde Worthington Alexandre Barneslawe 6 James 
Smythe ffrancys Mosselye Henrye Dogeson and Henrye Michell 

1 For an account of the Foundation of this College see Dr. Hibbert Ware's Hist., 
vol. i. 4to: Gastrell's Not. Cestr., vol. ii. pt. i. p. 57 et. seq. Also "The second 
appendix to Mr. Turner's Letter to the Bishop of Manchester, consisting of transla- 
tions of the several foundation charters of the College of Manchester, with other 
documents relating to the Collegiate and Parish Church, 8vo, 1850," being a most 
valuable collection of historical documents connected with the history of the College 
and Church. 

2 George Collier or Coleire was the son of Robert Coleire, a Frenchman, who came 
into England in the time of Henry VI., and settled at Darlaston co. Stafford, by 
Isabel his wife, daughter and heiress of Sir John Dodington of Dodington knt. 
Ex. Inf. TJio. W. King Esq., York Herald. He was born 4 Henry VII. 1488, and 
at the age of forty was instituted, 2nd October 1528, as " G-eorge Collier A.M." to the 
office of Guardian of the Collegiate Church of the B. V. Mary of Manchester, vacant 
by the free resignation of George West, the last master or keeper, on the presentation 
of Sir Thomas West knt., the patron. Blythe's Reg. Lichf. It is there recorded 
that Collier covenanted to pay an annual pension of i8Z. to his predecessor during 
his natural life, apparently out of the revenues of the College. Ibid. In 1535 (the 
year in which Dr. H. Ware erroneously states that Collier became Warden Hist. 
Coll. CJi. p. 61) the King renounced the supremacy of the Pope, and declared him- 
self to be the temporal head of the English Church ; but Collier, faithful to the 



8 Hancasfnve gantries. 



chorestaries of the ffoundacon and ordin"nce of the ancestores 
of the Lord le "Warre the sam erected and ordeyned to be one Col- 
lege of the poche churche of Manchestore w*h the nombre of one 
warden viij te preistes beinge ffelowe} iiij or decones and vj choris- 
taries all bounden to be resident and kepe hospitalitie togithers 
And two of the said preistes to fue 1 arid kepe cure of the said 
poche and all thother preistes w*h deacons and Chorestaries been 
bounde to kepe the quere dalye. 

K ther is landes and possessions dotated to the saide College 
aboue the annuall reprise} amountinge to the clere yerlie valewe of 
CCxxx 112 and more as hereafter in the rentall shall appere expendyt 

pontiff, refused to acknowledge the royal supremacy (ibid. p. 61) which, did not 
however lead to his deprivation, as he held the dignity at the death of Henry VIII. 
Although it is stated in a MS. history of the Wardens (c. 37 Coll. Arm.) that he was 
deprived by Edward VI. for refusing to take the oath of supremacy, he certainly con- 
tinued in his office until the College was dissolved in 1547, and then retired with a 
pension settled upon him by the King. Dr. H. Ware's Hist. app. p. 388. He was 
restored, along with the College, by Queen Mary, 1556-7, visited Bradford the Martyr 
in prison, with a view to his conversion to the Romish creed, and seems to have been 
an active although probably not an intolerant supporter of that church. He died in 
Manchester, where he was deservedly popular (notwithstanding he had other prefer- 
ment) according to Dr. H. Ware about 1557. In that year he was Commissary of 
Cuthbert Bishop of Chester (Lane. MSS. vol. xvi. p. 341), but on the izth July 1558, 
a minute inventory of the goods of " George Collyer, late Warden of Manchester, 
clerk, deceased," was exhibited in the Consistory of Chester, " valued in his lyfe time 
by four honest and discrete men." Ibid. His effects at Manchester and at Stone 
in Staffordshire, where he had a house near the residence of his brother Robert Collier 
of Darlaston Esq., amounted in value to lxix u xiiij 8 xj d , and monies owing him by Sir 
William Radcliffe and others amounted to liij 11 vj' viij d . At his death he was aged 70. 
He was a liberal and bountiful churchman, and yet appears, from the text, to have 
ruled the College well, and to have had a due regard to prudence and economy in the 
administration of its temporalities. Abridged from Fasti Mancun. a MS. He was 
buried in the West or Byron (now the Chetham) Chapel at the east end of the choir. 
Rev. John Greswell's MS. Hist, of Manchester, p. 87, Chetham Library. 

3 (Page 7 .) Bullaine. 4 Penketh. 5 Nutshaw, Nutthaw, Nuttall, as the name is 
variously spelt. 6 Alexander Barlowe. 

1 serve. " In the Valor Ecclesiasticus, 26 Henry VIII. (1535), the income is 

stated to be 226^. 12*. 5^,, vol. v. p. 225. 



and ordered yerlie by the Statutes of ther ereccon as hereafter fol- 
loweth that is to say the warden hayth yerlie in money XX H hys 
lyverey 1 s and ij fuandf and thre horse founde of the comon of the 
said college in all xxij u x s the fyve preistes beinge felowe} nowe 
Incubentf euy one yerlie iiij 11 in wagf and for ther lyuerey yerlie 
xxv s that is in all xxvj 11 v s the foure deacons euy one in wagf xl s 
and for the lyuey xiij 8 iiij d in all x 11 iiij 8 iiij d the Choristaries euy 
one in wages xx s viz. vj and for ther lyuey vij s in all viij 11 ij s the 
wages allowed by ther statute} to the officers of the howse vi} the 
wardens clerke and his horsekeper the butler the coke and the 
baker and bruer euy one for his wages and his lyuey xxxiiij 8 iiij d 
that is in all viiij 11 vj s viij d the comons allowed by the said statute} 
vi} the warden w fc h the said v preistes after the [rate of] xvj d the 
weke [and] the [four] deacons [and the] said sixe Choristaries 
after the rate of xiiij d the weke that is for x by the yere xxx 11 vj 8 
viij d the other v ordinarie officers w fc h xiij necessarie frf ndes min- 
istring in the said howse after the rate of xij d the weke for euy 
one that is by yere for xviij xlvj 11 xvj 3 in all by whole yere so 
expendyt according to the ordinance and statute} of the saide 
erecon Clxxiij u xv s viij d . And so it apparyth to remane aboue 
the strict ordinarie expense} lvj u iiij 8 iiij towardes the paymentf 
to the Kinges ma tie yerlie the charge of one mease of meate daly 
allowed for strangers and all other charges of howseholde the 
maneten"nce and upholde of the mancons and other Repacons w*h 
the relief of pore people w c h is right grete and chargeable. 1 

sam college is a poche churche of it self and the sayde 
Master w^ v f!ists beinge fiellowe} iiij or decones and vj 
Choristaries beinge resydent at this daye kepinge hospitalytie to- 
githers accordinge to the statute} of their ereceon. 

1 This was especially the case after the dissolution of the monasteries and before 
the 5 and 6 Edward VI. c. 2, which licensed the poor to beg, and before the enact- 
ment of the statute 43 Elizabeth for the relief of the sick, poor, and impotent. 

C 




io 

Tt the same is a grete poche and of greate circuite the nombr 
of houslinge people l in the same estemed to "$ so that many tymes 
of grete necessitie the rest of the said preistf fellowe} of the saide 
college be enforced to mynystre sacrament} to the seide pocheners 
when the curates bene ou charged. 

I? yt apparyth that at this pnte daye ther is wantinge thre 
preistes of the ordirince of ther first ereccon. 

chalesses poi3 2 by es ........................... xl onj 

It one crosse of silver and gilt poi} by es? ............ 1 on} 

II ij candlestickes silv poi} by estimac .................. xvj on} 

Ti one censure 3 silu poi) ............... . ............... ..... xij 0113 

K one pax w*h a crucifix Mary and John silu poi} ... vj 0113 

Snf Cxxiiij 0113. 
The ornament^ of the vestarye that is to say 

fiirst one cope of old purple veluet and clothe of tissue. 




I? ij copes of blak veluet embrothered w^ braunches. 
H one olde cope of grene veluet. 
I't ij copes of white damask. 
K ij copes of reade damask. 
II one cope of olde sanguyne veluet. 
It ij copes of white sattin. 
II ij copes of reade worstede. 

K one vestement decon and subdecon of blak veluet. 
It one vestement decon and subdecon of white damaske 
branched. 

1 Six thousand communicants at the Collegiate Church in 1545 would include a 
large majority of the adult population of the entire parish of Manchester. In the 
preamble to the Foundation Charter of the Collegiate Church, 20 Elizabeth, 1578, the 
population of the parish is said to be ten thousand, and in the preamble to the Charter 
of Charles I. 1635, "twenty thousand men and more." In the Act of Consecration 
of Salford Chapel in 1635, it is stated that "there were about thirty thousand com- 
municants" in the parish. 

2 Avoirdupois weight. 3 Censer. 



i,ancaaf)ire Cfwtttriea* 1 1 

I? one vestement decon f subdecon of reade branched da- 

maske. 

It one vestement w% decon and subdecon of grene veluet. 
It one vestemeut of white damask. 
K one vestement of reade chamlet. 
I? one vestement of grene baldekin. 
It one vestement imbrothered w^ beares. 1 
I? one vestement of old blak veluet. 
I? one old white vestment. 

I? one fforefronnte of chamlet for the high alter. 
I? one fforefronnte of silke blewe and reade. 
K certen ornaments for the sepulchre. 2 
K iij alter clothe} diaper. 
I? ij alter clothe} of lynnen clothe. 
I? ij grete candlestick^ of latten. 
n ij little candlestick^ of latten. 

The householde stuff in the kechinge and other houses of office 
ffirst v pott^ of brasse. 
I? xxiij pecf of pewtyer vessell. 
K ij panntz of brasse. 



1 A bear and ragged staff was the cognizance of the house of Warwick, and Thomas 
Beauchamp Earl of Warwick, in his will dated ist April 1400, gives "to Eichard my 
son and heir my blessing and a bed of silk embroidered with bears, and my arms, and 
all thereto appertaining." Teslamenta Veiusta, vol. i. p. 154. This ecclesiastical 
vestment, " imbrothered with beares," had doubtless belonged to Bishop Stanley's 
chantry, and had reference to the family of his mother, who was the Lady Eleanor, 
daughter of Eichard Nevill Earl of Salisbury, aunt of the Queen of Eichard III. and 
sister of the Earl of Warwick, " the King-Maker." 

2 This was used in performing the Easter mysteries in the choir by the priests, 
and represented to the people the Eesurrection of our Lord. It was to these religious 
scenic representations, always popular with the unlettered, that Bradford the martyr. 
referred, when he told the people of Manchester in King Edward's days, " as it were 
by a prophetical spirit," that, owing to their religious indifference, mass should again 
be said in the Collegiate Church, " and the Play of Eobin Hood acted there," which 
in Queen Mary's reign came to pass. Hollinworth's Mancun. ; Latimer's Sixth Serm. 



1 2 Hflttcasijtre $anttf eg. 

It one morter of brasse w% a pestle. 

I? one frienge panne. 

I? iiij or borde clothe}. 

H iiij or towelle}. 

It one dozen uapkyns. 

It vj candles tickes. 

It one basyn and one ewer. 

Tt one salt of silu gilt poi} by est:. 1 

It xij silu spoones poi} by est 

It vj ayle vessells in the Buttorie. 

I? in the ......... 



Ti one knedinge troughe. 

I? in the stable v worke horses w*h gere to drawe in. 
It in the chambers euy man doth furnyshe his owne at his 
owne coste. 



college scituate w th in the Towne of Man- 
%titt ^^P_ chesto 9 nere adioynynge unto the said churche w*h vj acres 
of grounde lyeng in Alporte w*h gardyne} annexed to the sam 
yerlie worthe to be let to fferme ................... ...... xxvj s viij d 

Nycholas Bagley holdyth one tefite w^ thappten a ncf lienge in 
Newton rentinge yerlie at the ffeastes of Christenmes and Myd- 
som! equallie ...................................................... xlv s viij d 

John Kenyon holdyth one tente w*h thappten"ncC lienge in the 
saide Towne rentinge yerlie at the said termes equallie ...... xix 8 

Thomas Eadyche holdyth one tefite ther w% thapp^n^cf and 
rentyth yerlie at the said termes equallie ..................... xxj s vj d 

Stephan Holme holdyth one tente ther w*h thappfrfncf and 
rentyth yerlie at the said termes equallie ........................ xxxj s 

1 The estimated value is not given. 



Hmtcassijtre Cfjantries* 1 3 

Thomas Pendleton holdyth one tefite ther w*h thapp?n a nc 
rentinge yerlie e.? 1 xvj s 

Hugh Harteley holdyth one tente w^ thappfrfncf lienge in 
the saide towne rentinge yerlie e.? xxxij 3 

Robert Buerdesyll holdyth one tefite ther w fc h thappn a ncC 
rentinge yerlie e.? xx ij s j d 

Robert Barlawe holdyth one tefite ther w% thapp?n"ncf lienge 
in the said towne rentinge yerlie e.? vj s viij d 

Rauf Kenyon holdyth one tefite ther w^ thapptn"ncf rentinge 
yerlie e.t xxviij 8 

Thomas S'myth holdyth one tente ther w% thapptn"ncC and 
rentyth yerlie xvij s x d 

Hugh Halle holdyth one tente ther w% appfrfncef and rentyth 
yerlie e.? xxvj 3 viij d 

The wyff of Thomas Holme holdyth one tefite ther w% thap- 
pfrfncf rentinge yerlie e.? , xiij s iiij d 

James Shalcrosse holdyth one tefite ther w% thapptn"nc rent- 
inge yerlie e.? xij s vj d 

George Barne holdyth one tefite ther w*h thapp^cf rentinge 
yerlie e.? xij s vj d 

John Wylde holdyth one tefite ther w*h thapp?n a nc^ and rent- 
yth yerlie e.? , xj s 

Hugh Smyth holdyth one tefite ther w*h thapptn"nc^ rentinge 
yerlie e.? x s ij d 

James Halle holdyth one tefite ther w% thapp?n"nc^ and rent- 
yth yerlie at the said termes xj s v d 

Gyles Whitworth holdyth one cotage ther and rentyth yerlie at 
the said termes ij s viij d 

James Barlawe holdyth one cotage ther rentinge e.t xiiij d 

George Halle holdyth one tente ther and rentyth e.. ... xxxvj 8 

James Kempe holdyth one tente ther w% thappfrfncf rentinge 

yerlie xxvj 8 viij d 

1 Each term. 



14 

Rauf Holland holdyth one pcell of grounde ther called Stot- 
land crosse conf by es? acr renting yerlie e.t ij s iiij d 

The wyff of Nicholas Holland holdyth one tente ther rentinge 
yerlie e.S xxviij 3 

Edward Burdman holdyth one tente ther w*h thapptn"ncf rent- 
inge yerlie xxj s 

Rauf . -, . . . . . . . . ther in the said towne . 

. . . termes xij s 

John holdyth one tente ther rentinge yerlie e.t. xiij s 

Gyles Whiteworth holdyth one tente ther w*h thapptn"nc^ rent- 
ing yerlie e.? xvij s iiij d 

Thomas Hollynworth holdyth one tente ther w% thappfrfncf 
rentinge yerlie e.t ix s 

Hugh Hogekinsou holdyth one tente ther w 1 !! thapp?n"ncf 
and rentyth by yere in the said termes equallie xiij 3 

Alexandre Massay holdyth one cotage ther rentinge e.t. iij s vj d 

James Sidall holdythe one tente ther w*h thapp?n"ncC rentinge 
yerlie xij 3 

James Kempe holdyth one pcell of grounde ther con? acr 

rentinge e.?. .., iiij d 

John Byryne Knight 1 holdyth one pcell of grounde ther con? by 
es? acr rentynge yerlie e.? xx d 

1 Sir John Byron of Clayton Hall, near Manchester, knt., the purchaser of New- 
stead Abbey, made his will i7th August 1558, wherein he vindicates the Popish 
doctrines more in the style of an ecclesiastic than of a layman ; and declares that he 
" fyrmelie and stedfastlie beleves every poynte and article of our faithe as the holie 
Catholique and knowne churche doth beleave and command us the children and 
members of the same to beleve owte of the whiche churche ther is no salvation. And 
I utterlie deteste and abhor the Manaches Th'arrians Th'annabaptists and the Sacra- 
mentaries and all other Hereticks with ther damnable sectes and opinions praying 
and beseiching Almyghtie God to revocate and call home agayne all them that have 
severid and devidid themselves from the saide Catholique church by ther misbeleve 
that they may be maid inheritours of Heaven. I wyll that an honeste Prieste be 
hyred to synge or saye Masse for my Soull &c. within the parish church of Colwiche 
for ten years with x n for his yerlie stipend but if the said stipend by any lawe or 



(Kfjantrfes. 15 

The wyffe of Myle} Beswyke holdyth one tente lieng in Kirdes- 
manhulme rentinge yerlie at the saide termes equallie... xxvj s viij d 

Robert Kenyon holdyth one tente ther with thapp?en"ncf and 
rentyth yerlie xxvj s viij d 

The wyffe of Robert Marler holdyth one tente ther w% thap- 
ptn"ncf and rentinge yerlie xxvj s viij d 

Roger Marler holdyth one tente ther rentinge yerlie. xxvj d viij d 

Ranolde Kenyon holdyth one tente ther w% thapfJtn'ncf rent- 
inge yerlie e/t xxj s 

The wyffe of Galfride Pcivall holdyth one litle tente ther and 
rentyth by yere in the said termes equallie vij s 

Edmunde Trafford holdyth one burgage * lienge w^in the burowe 
towne of Manchester in the streite called Denesgate rentinge by 
yere ij s ij d Philyp Strangwiche one burgage ther iij s iiij d Wittm 
Ratclyff one burgage ther vij s Wiftm Sterige one burgage ther 

lawes heretofore maid or hereafter to be revived (sic) the said to cease and the same sum 
to go to the poore and needie people amendinge and repairinge of highewayes and 
briggs or other charitable deides." He devises his manors &c. to his base born son 
John Byron and appoints as trustees " his trusty cosins and friends Sir Gervase Clifton 
Sir George Perpoynte Sir John Atherton knights, Edinond Asheton of Chaderton and 
Edward Holland Esquires." Proved at York 3ist May 1567. Lane. MSS. vol. Wills. 
1 In the year 1359 there was a misunderstanding between Roger Lord de le Warr 
and the bailiffs of John Duke of Lancaster, the latter being charged with encroaching 
upon the assumed privileges of the former within the town and manor of Manchester. 
It was found upon a legal inquisition that the town of Manchester was not held by the 
la Warrs as a borough but as a market town, with certain privileges (Hollinworth'a 
Mancun., p. 37) ; and yet in the text, almost two centuries afterwards, the town is 
described as a borough town. " Burgage tenements" existed at Manchester at a very 
early period, and Spelman says that a borough with the Saxons was the same as a 
city. The ancient houses were styled " burgagia," and the owners held under the 
Lord of the Manor by burgage tenure. Sir Thomas Gresley the seventh Baron of 
Manchester (summoned to parliament amongst the barons of the realm 1307-1311) 
granted to his burgesses of Manchester a charter, containing many privileges, dated 
1 4th May 1301, by which each burgess was required to pay for his burgage twelve 
pence a year in lieu of all service. The rules for the government of the town and 
some of the other regulations are very curious, and founded on the old Saxon 
usages. Lane. MSS. 



1 6 iLancasfnr* CJantties. 

vij s Richard Hunte one burgage iiii s the wyffe of Nycholas 
Glover one burgage xx d Adam Hollande one burgage ij s viij d 
Galfride Chadwyke one burgage xij d Nycholas Hychemouthe one 
burgage xij d Adam Pilkington one burgage xij d Adam Birowne 1 
one burgage xiiij d Reginolde Wynnyngton one burgage xxij d 
Henrie Towers 2 one burgage vij s Richard Lyngarth one burgage 
viij s The wyffe of Johne Rawlynson one burgage viij s Edmund 
Baynbrige one burgage iiij s The wyffe of Rychard Brownesworde 
one burgage xx d Roberte Sorocolde one burgage iiij s Thomas Hyde 
one burgage xx d Charles Knotte one burgage xx d iiij 11 xij s ij d 

John Smyth one burgage iiij s John Burdman one burgage iiij 3 
Rauf Boston one burgage iiij s Maude Pcivall one burgage iij 3 
Roger Lei3 one burgage iij s iiij d and Richard Hartley one bur- 
gage iiij 8 in all dewe at the termes biforsaid by even porcons. 

Rauf Culchyth for frerent goinge furthe of his landes lienge in 
Newton biforesaid yerlie iiij 8 vj d John Birine Knight for a rent 
goinge furth of his laiides ther yerlie iiij 8 Thomas Beck(; for rent 
goinge furth of his landes ther yerlie xviij d Henrie Johnson for 
rent yerlie goinge furth of his lands ther xviij d Robert Langley 
for a rent payde furthe of the tythe corne} of Kessall 3 

ij s ix d and John Bothe for the rent for the course of water 
vj d in all payde at the ffeaste of the Natiuitie of o? Lorde 
onlie xiiij 8 ix d 

The tythe corne} of Manchestor Broughton Wythingtofi and 
Salford in the occupacon of the said college by yere to be letto 
ferme worthe xl 11 

Edmunde Trafforde Knight holdyth the tythe corne) of Traf- 
forde Stratforde w% the halfe corne} of Chollerton rentinge yerlie 
at the ffeastf of Christenmas and Mydsomer equallie. . . vj u xiij s iiij d 

1 Adam Byrom, of Salford, merchant. His will is dated 3rd May 1556, and he 

died 25th July 1558. His second wife was a daughter of Hunt, of Hunt Hall, 

in Manchester. See pedigree, Byrom of Salford, Appendix Byrom's Remains, vol. iv. 

2 ? Travers. 3 KersalL 



(Efjantrtes* 1 7 

John Radiche esquier occupieth the tythe corne} of Radiche at 
wyll and rentyth yerlie at the said termes iiij 11 vj s viij d 

Alexandre Barley 1 occupieth the tythe corne} of Chollerton and 
Barley renting yerlie in the same ffeastes equallie 1 s 

James Hulme occupieth the tythes corne} of Hulme at will 
payable at the said termes equallie .... xv 9 

The wyffe of Wyftyam Tebye 2 occupieth the tythe corne} of 
Blakley at will dewe at the sayd termes vij u 

John Birone Knight holdyth at wyll the tythe corne} of Clayton 
Salesworthe and Willesdale rentinge e.?. . . . x 11 

Wiftm Cheteham holdyth at wille the tythe co r ne3 of Moston 
and rentyth yerlie e.? vj 11 

John Smyth holdyth by indenture under the comon scale of the 
saide College the tythe corne} of Ancote} rentinge yerlie e.?. xviij 8 

Robert Bagley holdyth at wylle the tyth come} of Gorton by 
yere viij 11 

Richard Hollande Knight holdyth at wille the tythe corne} of 
Denton and Haughton rentinge yerlie e.t x u 

John Berley 3 holdyth at wille the tyth corne} of Bexwyke by 
yere xv s 

Edward Morley 4 and Richard Chollerton holdyth at wille the 
tythe corne} of Hangsende 5 rentinge yerlie e.t^ x s 

Richard Berlowe occupieth the tythe corne} of Harphay by 
yere xxviij s 

Stephen Beche 6 holdyth the tyth co r ne3 of Kersall at will by 
yere xij s viij d 

Robte Kenyon holdyth the tythe corne} of Kirdesmanhulme by 
yere xxx 8 

Thomas Hyde holdyth the tythe corne} of Bradford r by 
yere e.? ij s viij d 

1 Barlow. 2 ? T'vys or Travis. s Barlow. 4 Mosley. 

5 Houghsend. 6 Beck. 



1 8 SLancagfn'r* 

Rauf Burdon holdyth at wille the tythe corne3 of Hard- 
wyke 1 lxvj s viij d 

John Platte holdyth at will the tythe corne} of Eisholme by 
yere , Cvj s viij d 

Edwarde Chetlfm holdyth the tythe corne} of Gromeshall 2 at 
will rentinge yerlie at the said terms equallie Cj s vj d 

John Swynnerton holdyth the tyth corne} of Hayfielde at will 
by yere x s 

Galfride Halle holdyth at will the tythe come} of Newton by 
yere vj 11 xv s ij d 

Bartholomew Colyer 3 holdyth the tythe corne} of Bronage rent- 
inge yerlie in the saide termes eqnallie xxvj s 

Alexander K/atclyff Knight holdyth the tythe co r ne3 of Urdeshall 
rentinge yerlie at the said termes xl s 

The late wyffe of George Leigh decessed holdyth the tythe 
come} of Hey ton and rentyth yerlie e.? vj u 

The tythe wolle and lambe of the whole poch Ixxix 8 iiij d the tyth 
calves xliij 8 iiij d the tyth hay Ixvj 8 viij d the tithe flaxe and hempe 
xiij s iiij d the mortuaries Ixxiij 8 iiij d and the Easter rolle w% all 
maS of oblacons and other tythes what so eu be and befor not 

comprised 1 H in all worth by yere Ixiij 11 xvj s 

Sm a totall of the rentall CCxxxv 11 x 8 vij d 

whereof 

Payde to the Archdiacon of Chestre for Senage 4 and procurace} 
payde yerlie furth of the said college xx s 

Payde to the saide Bishope for the triannuall visitacon after the 
rate of lij s ix d quoit tercio a that is by yere xvij 8 vij d 

Payde to my lorde le Warre for chief rente goinge furthe of the 
landes lyenge in Newton by yere xiij s vj d 

1 Ardwick. 2 Crompsall. 3 A nephew of George Collier the Warden. Pedi- 
gree in Coll. Arm. 4 ? Synodals. 



<f)atttW8. 1 9 

Payde to the Bishope of Chestre for one annuall pencon goynge 

furthe of the said college by yere , xl s 

Sum totall of the annuall reprise} iiij 11 xj s j d 

And so remanyth CCxxx 11 xix s yj d 

[1547-8. 2 Edward VI. 

TH E College of Manchestre beinge a Pishe Church of itselfe CoHefle of 
and the Towne" and Pishe of Manchestre where there are j 

houselinge people 

George Colyer Clerke of thage of Ix yeres Wardeyne of the said 
Colledge hath for his stipend in the said Colledge over and besides 

xvj 11 for his salary in other places Ixviij 11 x s 

Wiftm Penketh and Laurence Vause 1 Curat 8 of the pisshe of 

1 Laurence Vaux or Vauce was born near Blackrod, in the parish of Bolton-le- 
Moors in the county of Lancaster, according to computation, about the year 1519. He 
was probably educated at the Grammar School of Manchester, then in its infancy and 
in high repute. He was entered of Queen's College, Oxford, but afterwards removed 
to Corpus Christi, the noble foundation of Bishop Fox, and of his judicious friend 
Bishop Hugh Oldham. At the latter college he was either Clerk or Chorister, and 
was much favoured by Mr. James Brookes, one of the Fellows, who afterwards 
became Bishop of Gloucester, and appointed Vaux his Chaplain. A. & Wood states 
that Vaux was ordained priest about the year 1540, which is an error. He went 
through the regular gradations of an Acolyte, Sub-Deacon and Deacon, and was 
ordained Priest in the Collegiate Church of B. Mary of Manchester by John Bird, 
Bishop of Chester, on Sunday next after the feast of St. Matthew the Apostle (Sep- 
tember 21 st), 1542. Bishop Bird's Liber Ordinat. Lane. M 88. In 1547 he was 
" Incumbent Fellow of the Collegiate Church of Manchester," and in 2 Edward VI. 
he was " one of the Priests Curates of the Parish of Manchester," and probably not 
at that time a Roman Catholic. On i9th March 1556, he was a Commissioner, along 
with Warden Collier, of the Bishop of Chester, and is styled in the commission 
"Fellow of the said Church" (Lane. MSS. vol. xvi. p. 341) ; and in this year he was 
admitted to the reading of the sentences at Oxford, and was B.D. Wood's Athen. 
p. 130. He succeeded Collier as Warden of the Collegiate Church in 1558, being the 
first instance of a Fellow advanced to that dignity. He refused the oath of supre- 
macy, and was deprived by Queen Elizabeth in 1559. In a MS. "Account of 
the Wardens of Manchester College," written about 1730, the author (probably the 
Eev. Robert Asheton) says, that Warden Vaux (1558-59) bequeathed his library 
to the Standish family of Standish, and also the communion plate of the Collegiate 



20 Hattcagfifre Chantries, 



Mane haue eyther of them in the said College for his salarie xij 11 
xix vj d and no other ly vynge ................................. xxv 11 xvij 8 

John Coppage of xlviij yeres of age E-afe Barne of xl yeres of 
age and Wiftm Wilson of xxx yeres of age Vicars have eyther of 
them out of the said Colledge viij 11 xiiij 8 iiij d ............... xxvj 11 iiij 8 

M d the said John Coppage had of the Colledge an other stipende 
of iij 11 vj s viij d John Smythe of xxx tle yeres of age George Nutshaw 
of xxvi yeres of age John Glover and Thurstan Tompson of the 
same age Deacons haue eyther of them by patent out of the said 
Colledge v 11 xiiij 8 and no other lyvynge ................. .... xxij 11 xvj s 

Edward Worthington Alex. Barlowe James Smythe ffranc. 
Moseley Henry Michell and Henry Dogeson Chorestaryes haue 
eyther of them for his ly ving iiij 11 vij s viij d .................. xxvj 11 vj 3 

Two of the said Pryest 8 be bounden to serve and kepe the Cure 
of the said Parisshe Church of Manchester The other Pryest 8 
w th the Deacons and Chorestaries be bounde to kepe the Quyre 
daylie. 

Church, which Hollinworth says he took with him on his deprivation, to prevent 
what he regarded its desecration, and that he (Asheton) had seen some part of it in 
the possession of that family, and wished, as a generous act, the restoration of it to 
the Church. The plate, he said, consisted of a curious gilt paten inlaid with pearl 
for the consecration of the Host, with a very finely wrought pyx of plate in which 
the paten was laid up, and corresponding with it. Eev. John Greswell's MS. Hist. 
Manch., p. 91, Chetham Library. He ultimately became a professor at Louvain, 
and probably a Jesuit. Never quitting the anchor of hope, although unable to steer 
the vessel of St. Peter in Manchester, he returned to England as a Seminary Priest 
in defiance of the public prohibition, and with hostile feelings towards the govern- 
ment of the Queen. In 1580 he entertained at his house in Lancashire his friends 
and colleagues Campian and Persons, who had chosen that county as the scene of 
their labours against the English Church. The Earl of Derby, the Bishop of 
Chester, and other members of the Council of the North, apprehended him, as they 
had done several times before his expatriation, and after examination he was com- 
mitted as a recusant to the Gate House Prison, London, under the statute 2 Elizabeth. 
He died there, not according to Anthony a Wood about 1570, but certainly after 1581. 
Abridged from Fasti Mancun., a MS., where several original notices of him exist, 
and a catalogue of his various publications. 



(fijmttrie*. 2 1 

M d also the same is so greate a pisshe and of so great a cir- 
cuyte that many tymes the reste of the Pryests be inforced to 
mynister Sacram ts to the said pisshe when the Curat 8 are over- 
charged. 

The Goods and Cattail 8 of the said Colledge be valued at xij 11 00aW 
xvj d 

The Ornament 8 belonging to the same are valued at... xix 1 * xiij s 

The number off the ownc 3 of the Plate belongynge to the said 

College CCCiij 03 f di whereof Gilte xxx 03 di. 

Pcell gilte... MXVJ 03. 

M d that there were delyvered at York to the hand 8 of John Gale 
and other of the Mynte there the some of CCCCxxxiij ounc s as it 
may appere by a byll signed w th there hand 8 baringe da? the iiij th of 
february 1550 w ch byll declarying the pticular pcell 8 was delyuered 
upon myne accompt unto Thaudito r of the Duchye w ch was the 
some of ounc 8 of the whole Shire as well of the College as of the 
Chauntryes w th in that countye. 

M d that sins the delyue into the Mynt of York I found out for 
the Kyng these pcells followinge w ch I caused to be delyvered unto 
M r Raynshawe the Receivo r of this Court viz. one Salt w th a cover 
xj 03 xvj Spones xiiij 03 iij Goblett 8 xxj 03 one Chalice of the 
Chauntery of Liupole xiij 03 one other Chalice of Liupole con? 
vij 03 all w ch amount to y e nomber of Ixvj 03 di w ch I suppose he 
hath accompted for. 

These be all that came to my knowledge or that ought to come 
to the K s Ma tie w th in that countie by all the ?che 1 and examynacons 
that I the R,eceivo r or M r Samwell could make iiij 11 x 8 viij d 

M d that for the goods and chattel 8 my Lorde of Derby hadd w th 
the ferme of the Mansion and College there savinge iiij 11 iiij 8 
pte vz. iij carthorses were in the late Wardens charge w th other 
cart ware. 

M d that certen of the ornament 8 to the value of viij u iij 3 iiij d 

1 Search. 



22 Esttcasfjire gantries* 



were sold and the King is answered the rest were left there w th 
the Churchwardens and Pishiers for that it is a grete pishe the 
value of w ch pcell 8 came to ix 11 xij s iiij d and alsoe there was left in 
the said churche ij chalices one wayinge xxx 03 di the other xij 

03. 

M d that the Vestiment 8 and Ornament 8 of the Chauntries were 
very litle as it may appere by our Certifica? folowing and being 
left together in the College of Manchestre and long before they 
were sold were the less worthe at last they were sold for the . ':j 
.;.-".. ...... whereof y e King is answered as it shall 

appere uppon myne accompt. 

Ex. p me Jo. AnscoT.J 



37 tn. EanUf3 ralletr t&e bftet lantr^ 1 to*fn t&e College 

Cfmrcfc tu'foresattre, 

ty foresayde Curate3 of the said College of Manchestre 
have divers pcellt of Iande3 and burgages gyven to them 
and ther successors by thancestors of Thomas Eatclyfl of 
Osberton 2 and other as pticularlie in the rent all hereafter shall 

1 In a letter addressed by Mr. Thomas Herle, Warden of Manchester, without date, 
but attributed to the year 1574, to "Lord Treasurer Burghley," he states that 
certain commissioners " have causyd one Thomas Staunton atourney of the Deuchy 
of Lancaster to enter into certayn landes of the College callyd Obyte landes and wold 
have hyt consolyd [concealed] landes and [yet] hyt ys contayned within our letters 
patentes of our foundacion. And yf the landes be takyn from us we be not able to 
mayntayne the cumpany. They have also takyn away al our evydences and letters 
patentes; and of our ornamentes and plate as myche as ys worthe fyve hundred 
markes wyche plate ys the Queenes Majestyes. And although we have prove to 
whose handes hyt came after the deprivation of my predecessour yet ys hyt kepte 
from us." Strype's Life of Archbishop Parker, p. 341. 

2 Thomas Radclifie of Winmerlegh, and of the Alleys in Clitheroe, and probably 
living at Osberton co Notts, married Katherine, daughter of John Booth of Barton 
Esq., siater of William Booth, Archbishop of York. She was living a widow 6th 




Cfimttrtes* 23 

appere and the sam priestes being curates bounde to celebrate 
certen obbetf yerlie for the sowle} of the donors therof as in the 
pticuler wille} of euye of the sam it doth appere. 

saide poche priestes of the said College Churche for the 
tyme beinge accordinge to the last Wille} and Testament} of 
the said donc r s doth receyve the Revenewe} aud pfectes of the 
aforesaide landes amotinge to the som of Cij s xj d oft yerlie and for 
the sam doth celebrate seuall obbetf att dayes therfor lymytted 
w%in the sam church and doth distribute to the ministres of the 
said church and to poore people ther being psent all the revenewe} 
aud pfectes of the said landes accordinglie. 



one. 




Trans holdyth one tente w% thapfftifnce lyenge in 
Withington in the countie of Lancaster of the gift of Thomas 

Ratclyff of Osberton rentinge yerlie at Candlemas onlie xl s 

E/obert Rawlynson holdyth one burgage lienge in Dene} gate 
w*hin the towne of Manchestre of the gyfte of Margaret Hunte 1 
widowe rentinge yerlie at the said ffeaste onlie ix s 

May 1460. (See Eccles Chantry, post; Lane. MSS. vol. xii.) His near kinsman 
Thomas Eadcliffe, Bishop of Dromore, was suffragan to Eobert Nevill (brother of 
Eichard Earl of Salisbury), Bishop of Durham, with an annual fee of 25 marks. Pat. 
loth September 1441. Surtees' Hist. Durham, vol. i. p. 58 note. 

1 Margaret Hunt, widow, living 1541. She was the third daughter of Ealphe Byrom 
of Salford, merchant, and the wife of Eichard Hunt of Hunt Hall in Manchester 
gent., whose will is dated Manchester, 27th October, 21 Henry VIII. 1530 ; whereby 
he gave to Thomas Massy of Wickleswick gent, and Laurence Tetlow, son and heir 
apparent of John Tetlow gent., one burgage, &c., in Salford, then in the tenure of 
Adam Byrom, and other burgages, to hold to the said Eichard for his life, and after- 
wards to the use of Margaret Hunt, then wife of the aforesaid Eichard, for the term 
of her life; and i3th July 31 Henry VIII. a fine was levied at Lancaster, in which 
George Birch, Clerk, Fellow of the Collegiate Church of Manchester, was plaintiff, 



24 

The wyffe of Both holdyth ij messuage w*h thappfrfncf 
lieng in Deneham Massie in the countie of Chestre of the gyft of 
S r John Stanley Knight 1 rentinge yerlie e.t xvij s x d ob 

Edmude Bradshawe and Edwarde Bagley holdyth ij tefites lieng 
in Salford nere Manchestre of the gyft of Thomas Galey 2 and 
rentyth yerlie e.? , xij s 

Henry Pendleton holdyth one teiite w*h thappten a nc lienge in 
Salford biforsaid of the gyfte of S r John Newton preist 3 by 

yere . xxiiij 8 j d 

Sin totall of the rentall Cij s xj d oft Reprise} none 

and Richard Hunt, son and heir of Eichard Hunt of Manchester gent, deceased (and 
of Margaret his wife) was defendant, of lands, messuages, &c., in Manchester and 
Salford. (Lane. MSS. vol. xiv. p. 61 ; Byrom pedigree, appendix, Byrom Remains, 
Tol. iv.) The Hunts of Hunt Hall were one of the oldest and best descended families 
in Manchester, held considerable burgage and other property there, and had been 
much connected with the church both before and after it was collegiate. They did 
not appear at any of the Heralds' Visitations, although they continued to live in 
Manchester until at least the beginning of the eighteenth century. This " Hall" and 
the family have alike disappeared, but their name survives in " Hunt's Bank." 

1 Sir John Stanley, third son of Thomas first Lord Stanley. He married Eliza- 
beth, daughter and heiress of Sir Thomas Wever of Wever and Alderley co. Cestr. 
knt., and great niece of William Booth, Archbishop of York. He was the first of 
his name of Alderley jure ux., and was living in 1464, having issue three sons and 
five daughters. His widow survived him, and married secondly Sir John Done of 
Utkinton, and had issue by him. Ormerod's Hist. ChesTi. vol. iii. p. 306. His post 
mort. inq. is dated 4 Henry VIII. Ibid. vol. ii. p. 133. 

2 Thomas Galley, an opulent merchant of Manchester, connected with the family 
of the same name who founded a Chantry at St. George's altar. 

3 Sir John Newton, Priest, was one of the Fellows of the Collegiate Church of 
Manchester, and had long been connected with it, having been associated with four 
successive Wardens. He was son of John Newton of Newton in the parish of 
Mottram, by his wife Margaret, daughter of Thomas Legh of High Legh Esq., and 
relict of Hamon Massey of Halley. (Holland Watson's MS. pedigree j Lane. MSS. 
vol. xii.) John Newton was a secular Priest 23rd August, 30 Henry VI., when 
Eobert de Hopwood, Rector of Middleton, gave in trust to John Highfeild and 
Geoffrey Highfeild his brother, Chaplain, and to John Newton, Chaplain, all his bur- 
gages, &c., in Manchester, which he had by the demise of James de Legh and John 
Maden. (Lane. MSS. vol. xxxvii. p. 347.) He occurs again 30 and 35 Henry VI., 
Ibid.; attests loth September, 15 Edward IV. after "Mag r Raphe Langley, Clerk;" 



Cfjantrtes* 25 



Cfee Cdatmtrte of t&e alter of Jagnt 
t&e c&urrt) aforesaftu 




Wollestencrofte 2 preist Incumbent ther of the 4E$auntrte 
foundacon of Robert Holme to celebrate ther for the 
sowle} of the said Robert and his ancestors and also to 

To one ye r ly obbet and to distribute at the sain to poor people a 

certen soin of money. 

and again 28th October, 22 Edward IV. as " S r John Newton Prest felow." On zoth 
May, 6 Henry VII. 1490, he conveyed lands in Salford, which are minutely described, as 
" John Newton Chaplain" to Eoger Bridde of Salford and Agnes his wife daughter of 
William Mercer, late in the tenure of the said William Mercer and of Isabella his 
wife, and which lands the said John Newton had of the gift and feoffment of John 
ffowne, to hold to the said Eoger and Agnes and their lawful issue ; but failing issue, 
the remainder to Ellen sister of the said Agnes and wife of Hugh Lache and her law- 
ful issue ; in default of issue remainder to William Mercer the younger and his lawful 
issue ; and in default of issue remainder to Cicely Newton daughter of Richard 
Newton of Newton and her lawful issue ; but in case all the parties should die with- 
out leaving legitimate issue, "tune volo et concedo quod predicta parcella terrse cum 
pertinentiis integrk remaneat servicio beate Marie Virginis in Ecclesia Mamcestr. im- 
p'p'm." Attested by Richard Bexwike sen., Thomas Rudde, Richard Hunte, Greoffry 
Sill and others. (Kersall Cell JEvid. Lane. MSS. vol. xxii.) He appears from the text 
to have devised a tenement in Salford worth by the year il. 45. id. for the celebration 
of an annual service and commemoration in the Collegiate Church on the day of his 
death ; but whether the Church received the benefit of his ultimate devise in the deed 
of 2oth May 1490 is unknown; but the presumption is that the lands passed to 
Anthony Layche, grandson of William Mercer, who sold the same for 41 1. to Sir 
Alexander Radclyff knt. 2ist October, 21 Henry VIII., and ten years afterwards they 
were conveyed by Sir Alexander to Adam Byrom of Salford, merchant. Kersall Cell 
"Emd. Lane. MSS. vol. xxii. 

1 This chantry, dedicated to St. James, was " of the constitution of John Hunting- 
don, Chaplain, and of the foundation of Ralph [not Robert] Hulme, late of Man- 
chester deceased" (GastrelPs Not. Cest. vol. ii. pt. i. p. 62, note), and arose out of the 
lengthened litigation, unhappy disputes, and I fear wilful dishonesty of at least some 
of Warden Huntingdon's trustees and their successors. Ralph Hulme (misdescribed 
in the text) of Hulme, the head of an ancient feudal family, a rich man, and connected 
by marriage with the Beswickes, the " merchant princes" of Manchester, both families 
being distinguished by their religious devotion, had succeeded his father, Geoffrey 
Hulme, as a trustee of the will of Warden Huntingdon's lands, which had been 

E 



26 

sam is w^in the College Church of Manchestre at the 
alter of Saynt James and at this day the said preist doth 
celebrate ther accordinglie for the sowlej of his said found r es. 

*M* f r ^ e ^*k celebrate wt h the chale} and ornamentf of 
the poche churche. 



of ' $* sa ^ P^eist haith no mancon howse belonginge to his 
chauntrie ........................................................ nt 

The sam preist haith one cloise nere adioynynge to the towne of 

devoted by that aged dignitary to works of piety, and amongst others to the founda- 
tion of a Chantry in the Collegiate Church 5 but nearly half a century elapsed after 
Huntingdon's death before his Chantry was founded. It appears that Ealph Hulme 
had or claimed to have some vested family right in the " xxvi acres of land in Nether- 
alport," with which the Chantry was ultimately endowed ; but how he had become 
seized of the estate is doubtful, as it constituted part of the Warden's private 
property. The claim was, however, partly allowed, and an annual rent of vj* viij d 
made payable to him and his heirs from the lands, at the instigation of Sir An- 
thony Fitzherbert the celebrated lawyer, and Richard Hesketh Esq., also learned in 
the law. The Chantry was founded and the altar hallowed about the year 1507 ; 
the endowment from the land was C s per annum, and a yearly obit was to be kept on 
the nth November, being the day on which the munificent Warden died in the year 
1458. Abstracts of the original deeds connected with this foundation are printed in 
Gastrell's Notitia Cestr. vol. ii. pt. i. pp. 59-62 notes, and the whole of them are of 
sufficient interest to merit printing in extenso. (Lane. MSS.) Ealph Hulme gent. 
ob. 15 Henry VIII. 1523, being succeeded by his son Stephen Hulme (mentioned 
on p. 12 ante), who was the father of Bobert Hulme gent., living at the time of this 
inquisition. The family became extinct in the direct line in 1691, on the death of 
William Hulme Esq., founder of the Hulmean Exhibitions at Oxford. In 1535 the 
subsidy commissioners for the Deanery of Manchester assessed the " Cantaria ibidem, 
(in Eccles. Colleg.) ex fundatione Eadulphi Hulme," x s iiij d for tenths, and ix" iiij d 
for the subsidy. Lane. MSS. vol. xxii. 

2 (Page 25.) This Chantry Priest occurs in Bishop Bird's Diocesan Visitation in 
1547, and also during the Wardeuship of Mr. Vaux in 1558 and 1559, as " Dn's Nich. 
Wousncrofte." (Ex Archiv. Cur. Consist. Cest.) He was then an Incumbent within 
the Collegiate Church, and had doubtless been restored to his office by Queen Mary. 
He had a pension of 5?. a year for life assigned to him 2 Edward VI. (Found, of 
Manchester, vol. i. p. 389, append.), and was at that time " of the age of 60 years." 
E Libro S. Ducliy of Lane. 



27 

Manchestre called Alporte 1 cont by esl xxvj acres of the yerlie 
rent , C s 

Elezabeth Dunkerley holdyth one burgage lienge in ffenelstrete 
w*hin the said towne of Manchestre xiij s iiij d Rauf Balif one 
burgage ther xiij s iiij d in all rentinge yerlie ..., xxvj 3 viij d 

Eauf Briche holdyth one burgage lienge in Mylnegatestreite 
w*hin the said towne xvij s and John Durnesell 2 holdyth one bur- 
gage ther xiij 3 iiij d in all by yere w^one other cotage ther in the 
tenure of the wyfle of Wiftm Briche v 3 in all xxxv s iiij d 

It one yerlie rente goinge furth of one burgage lyenge in 
hangynge dyche w%in the said towne of Manchestre in the tenure 
of Anthony Shepde by yere ix s and one yerlie rent goynge furthe 
of a howse there in the tenure of Richard Brownesworde xxij d in 

all by yere x s x d 

Snf totall of the rentall , viij u xij s x d 

wherof 

Payde yerlie to the lord le Warre for rent goinge furth of the 
said cloise called Alporte by yere at the termes of xl s 

Payde to Stephan Hulme for one pcell of grounde lienge in the 
sain cloise in the south syde by yere vj s viij d 

Payd to the heires of Entwissel for a rent goinge furth of the 
howse} in Mylnegate yerlie ij 3 viij d 

1 Leland, about 1536, when in Manchester on his antiquarian travels, has re- 
corded "I saw Mr. Prestwiches place on the left hond over Irwell, whereby the 
Lord of Darby hath a place and a Parke caullid Alparte ParTce. Here about I 
passid over Medlok river and so within lesse than a mile to Manchestre.'' (Itin. 
vol. v. p. 78.) This was before the Dissolution of the Chantries, so that it is obvious 
the Derby family had possessed Alport Park independent of the Church. From his 
post mortem inquisition, however, taken in 1572-3, it appeared that Edward Earl of 
Derby purchased from Edward VI. " Over Alport, and three burgages in the Milnegate 
and Fennel street, in Manchestre, being late Chantry lands." (Lane. MSS. vol. xxii.) 
These had been part of the endowment of St. James's Chantry, and are enumerated 
in the text. 

2 ? Burnesell. 



28 3Lancasf)tre Chantries, 



Payd to the Lord le Warre for cheif rent goinge furth of the 
burgages in Mylnegate by yere ................................... xxij d 

Snf of the annuall Reprise} ...... lj s ij d 

And so remany th ...... vj u xx d 



C8a u ntrfe in t&e dftetoe c&apell to'&m 
tfre safo 




flOttUW Johnson 2 preiste Incumbent there of the foun- 
da66n of James Stanle y Bishopp of Elye to celebrate 
ther for the sowle} of the saide Bishoppe and his 
ancestors. 

1 This Chantry, " in honour of our Lord Jesus Christ and of S. John the Baptist," 
was " in buildinge" at the death of James Stanley, Bishop of Ely, and some time 
Warden of Manchester, as appears by his will dated 2oth March 1514-15, and proved 
May 23, 1515 (Testam. Vetusta, vol. ii. p. 535), and is here described as "the newe 
Chapelle." Although the Bishop made provision by his will for the building of 
" another Chapel at Manchester on the north side of the Church betwixt S. James's 
Chapel and the east end of the same Church," and gave " xx 11 a year for finding two 
Priests to sing in the said Chapel," it is not clear that his testamentary injunctions 
were immediately fulfilled, as on the x th March 18 Henry VIII. (1526) Sir John 
Stanley knight, his grandson, by deed of that date founded and endowed a perpetual 
obit and mass in the said Collegiate Church, to be celebrated by the Warden and 
Vicars there for the souls of James Bishop of Ely, Sir John Stanley, Dame Mar- 
garet his wife, and Ealph, William, Ellen, and Ann Stanley, together with a penny 
dole to be distributed every Good Friday in Lent, and xvii" x d to be distributed by 
Edmund Trafford Esq. and Sir Alexander Radclyfie knight, and their heirs and suc- 
cessors, to xx poor pensioners for ever, with certain fees to the Warden and Vicars 
for the time being. Ex ArcTiiv. Eccles. Colleg. de Mancestr. 

The founder was the youngest son of Thomas first Earl of Derby K.G-., and was 
collated to a stall in St. Paul's Cathedral August 26, 1458, which he vacated in 1485, 
on becoming Warden of Manchester on the death of his uncle. He held this dignity 
until 1509. He had various church preferments of great value, for which he is supposed 
to have been indebted to his stepmother, Margaret Countess of Richmond and Derby. 
Thomas Baker (Soc. eject. Coll. S. Joh. Cantab.) says that this was the worst thing 
she ever did (Preface to Bishop Fisher's Funeral Sermon on her Death) ; but he 




$antrie0. 29 

same is w^in the poclie churche of Manchestre at the 
alter of Saynt John in the newe chapell and at this daye the 
said preist doth celebrate ther according to his said foundacon. 

seems to have forgotten that she always depressed the old adherents of the house of 
York, and influenced her son in the same direction, excluding them from all offices of 
trust and honour, which Lord Bacon says led to many vexations, and to some insur- 
rections. In the MS. History of the Wardens (37 c. Coll. Arm. London) it is recorded 
that " at Manchester he built a most sumptuous Chappell on the north side of the 
Church, being xxviii yardes long and ix yardes broad, and a square Chappell on y e 
north side of that again he built. He built the south side of the wood worke in the 
Quire ; y e seates for y e Warden, ITellowes and Churchmen (Choristers), beinge xxx' 
seates on booth sydes, and Mr. Eichard Bexwicke that built Jesus Chappell builded 
tho'ther syde." This statement, which was made probably by Dr. Dee, as the MS. 
ends with his incumbency, refutes the account given of the supposed benefactor in the 
^Foundations of 'Manchester ', vol. ii. pp. 209 and 281. 

On a brass plate over the door of the Chapel which the Bishop built was this 
inscription : 

"Fanitatf fcanttatttm tt 0mnta foanttatf." 

On a brass on his tomb, with an effigy of a prelate in his episcopal robes, is this 
inscription at his feet : 

" Of yo r charite pray for the soule of James Stanley su' tyme bushype of Ely and 
Warden of this Colege of Manchestur which decessed oute of this transitore world 
the xxii daye of March the yer of our Lord Grod M.CCCCCXXV upon whos sowle and 
all cristian sowlls ihesu have mercy. 

Vive deo gratus toti mundo tumulatus 

S' Crimine mu'datus semp' transire paratus 

S' filii hom'i usq' quo gravi corde ut quid diligit' vanitatem et querit mundaciu' 

S' Utinam saperent et Itelligerent ac novissima providerent." 

Browne Willis gives the date M.CCCCCXIY. (b. ii. p. 357). The bishop died on the 
22nd March 1514-15, so that the date on his brass is an error of the engraver. He 
wrote a singularly neat hand late in life. The seal which he used as Warden of Man- 
chester (a good impression of which is appended to the foundation deed of St. 
George's Guild in the Collegiate Church) contained the figure of the Assumption of 
the B. Y. Mary, with two small shields at the base, the first charged with the three 
bendlets enhanced of the Gresleys, and the second with the lion rampant of the De la 
Warrs. Superscription : " Sigillum Communis Collegii Beate Marie de Mamcestr," 
in old English characters. 

In 1535 the Subsidy Commissioners for the Deanery of Manchester assessed the 
" Cantaria ibidem ex fundatione nuper Episcopi Eliensis" for tenths viij s and for the 
subsidy vij s xi d ob. (Lane. MS8. vol. xxii.) 

The character of Bishop Stanley has been impartially delineated by an episcopal 



jo Hawasintt (Styantrtes* 

frfct one chale} of silu poi} by estimacon ............... vj on} 

K iij old vestment} w^ albes. 1 



member of his family, who might have known him personally, as the poem was 
written before 1562. After dwelling upon Thomas first Earl of Derby and his other 
children, the poet Bishop of Sodor and Man adds in his " Metrical Records of the 
House of Stanley" : 

" His third sonne was James a goodlie man, a prieste 

Yet little priestes mettal was in him by Christe 

As manie, more pittie ! sacred orders take 

For promotion rather than for Christe's sake 

And ofte, most long of frendes, the truth to tell 

It is a greate grace if such a one prove well 

Great abuse in presthood and matrimonie 

When fancie of frends shall chuse for y e partie 

A goodlie tawll man as was in all England 

And sped well in matters that he took in hand 

King Henerie the YII a prynce noble and sage 

Made him Bysshoppe, for his wisedom and parentage 

Of Elie, manye a daie was hee Bysshoppe there 

Buylded Sommersame the Bysshoppes cheif mannere 

An grete vyander as anie in his daies 

To Bysshoppes that then was this is no dispraise 

Because he was a preiste I dare doe noe lesse 

But leave, as I know not of his hardinesse 

What preiste hath a blow on the one eare, sodainlie 

Turne the other lykewyse for humilitie ? 

He wold not doe soe, by the crosse in my purse 

Yet I trust his soule fareth neuer the wurse 

For he did actes bouldlie divers in his daies 

If hee had been noe preiste had bene worthie praise 

He did ende hys life at merrie Manchester 

And ryght honorablie lyes bvryed there 

In hys Chappell which hee began of free stone 

Syr John Stanley made it out when hee was gone 

God send hys soule to the heavenlie companie 

Farewell, godlie James ! Bysshoppe' of Elie." 

Halliwell's Palatine Anthology. 

The Chapel, now called the Derby Chapel, was admirably restored by the late Earl 
of Derby K.G., and is used for divine service. It possesses no architectural pecu- 
liarities or beauties except the simple and severe dignity of late perpendicular. 
2 (Page 28.) Stated to be of the age of Ixx. yeres" * Edward VI. 
1 Valued at iiij 2 Edward VI. 



Cfjantrtes* 3 1 

Assheton holdyth one tente w 1 !! appfrf cC lieng in 

Bollington 1 in the countie of Chestre xl* Laur 

tente ther w^i thapp?n"nc xiij s iiij d and Agnes Ashetou holdyth. 

one tente w*h thapptn a nc(- ther xiij s iiij d in all by yere ... lxvi s viij d 

Lawrens Venables holdyth one tente w*h thappfrfncf lienge in 

Lyme in the said countie by yere dewe e.? xvj 3 

Snf totall of the rentall iiij 11 ij s viij d 

Reprise} none. 



&e Cfratmttfe m t&e C&apeli callrtr Crafforire 
Cftapdl 2 totym t&e safo 




Itttfe Rile 3 fJist Incumbent ther of the foundacon of 
Robert Gryell to celebrate ther for the sowle) of the 
said Robert and his ancestors. 

1 In the 3 Edward VI. Edward Janny (see his Will, Lane, and Chesh. Witts, pt. i. 
p. 157) and Richard Shalcross prosecuted Agnes Asheton and Lawrence Venables in 
the Court of the Duchy of Lancaster, for having forcibly entered and retained illegal 
possession of one tenement with its appurtenances, situate in Bollington and Lyme in 
the county of Chester, and late parcel of the new Chantry Chapel in Manchester. 
(Cal. Plead. Duchy.} In the charter of 20 Elizabeth, 1578, Robert Janny is named as 
holding lands of the Collegiate Church of Manchester. Charter eo anno. 

2 This chantry, on the south side of the church, dedicated to St. Nicholas, and still 
called "the Trafford Chapel," appears to have been attributed to the Gresleys, as 
founders, by oral transmission as no records have been discovered of its origin, 
although there is no evidence that Grelley's Chantry was situated between Smithy Door 
and Old Millgate. (Found, of Manchester, vol. ii. p. 232.) A description of the old 
wainscotted " closet" and its canopied roof, prior to their removal, may be seen in the 
Foundations of Manchester, vol. ii. p. 268. Robert de Gresley, Lord of the Manor 
of Manchester and Patron of the Advowson of the Church, was living 2 Henry III. 
(1227), and ob. 12 Edward I. (1284), leaving by his wife Hawise (married 8 Edward 
I.), daughter and coheiress of John de Burgh Earl of Kent, Thomas Gresley, his heir, 
who was summoned to parliament as a baron, but who died unmarried 4 Edward II. 
1311), when the inheritance passed with Joan his sister and heir, who married Sir 
John de la Warr, who became in her right baron of Manchester (ob. a 1 342) and 
was ancestor of the Lords Delaware. (Baines, vol. ii. pp. 172-7.) The precise date 




of Saynt Nycholas called Trafforde 
Cfjantrg Chapell w*liin the poche Churche biforsaid and at this day 

the said preist doth celebrate ther accordinglie. 

of this foundation is unknown, but the Chantry is obviously the oldest in the Colle- 
giate Church. Hollinworth states that the Chantry of St. Nicholas was founded by 
Sir Thomas Booth knight, and conveyed by his son Thomas Booth Esq. to Sir 
John Trafford (Mancun. p. 54), both of them the heads of the most ancient and 
time-honoured houses in the county, and both of them celebrated for their patriotism 
and piety. Hollin worth's statement is not quite correct. Amongst the Trafford 
Evidences (Lane. MSS. vol. xxv.) are various original documents connected with this 
Chantry. It appears from an English deed, dated on Tuesday next after the Feast of 
Pasche 6 Henry VI. (1428) that there had been debates and variances between Sir 
Edmund Trafford (the great Lancashire Alchemist) and his kinsman Thomas (after- 
wards Sir Thomas) Booth of Barton the elder, son of John Booth Esq. and of his 
wife Johanna, daughter of Henry Trafford of Trafford, and brother of William 
Booth, Archbishop of York ; and that the contending parties had chosen as arbi- 
trators Sir John de Pilkiugton, Sir John de Kadclyf of Ordesale, Robert de Bothe, 
and Robert de Longley ; who awarded that the said Thomas Booth should pay the 
said Sir Edmund Trafford xl s at the Feast of St. Margaret next ensuing, for divers 
trespasses by him committed, " And we award S r Edmund Trafford to delyuer a 
dede of feoffmente of a certayne p'cell of londe in Bexwyk, w th y e aduowson of a 
chauntrye the which y e seid S r Edmond has of the gyfte of y e Tieyre of HexwyTc, in to 
y e handes of S r John Pilkington the s d S r John to kepe to y e behove of y e s d S r 
Edmond durynge [his life ?] yat y e s d Edmond or hys here hau oon p'sentement of y e 
seid chaunter' yf y t fall in y e lyf of y e s d S r Edmond And yene aft r yat he (> hyse hav 
had oon p'sentemente or ellez deghe y* yene y e s d Sir John shal delyu' y e said dede to 
Thorn' of the Bothe or his heyres Alsoe we the s d awarde' ordeyne y* y e s d Thoma' 
ne noon of hyse shal nez r be agayne y e s d S r Edmond ne noon of hyse of none 
mater yat towches y e first pr'entment of y e s d chauntr' if hit fall in y e lyfe of y e s d S r 
Edmond and y e parties to be friends." (Ibid. p. 227.) "Who the " heyre of Bexwyk" 
was does not appear, but the right to present to the Chantry had passed from the 
Gresleys and De la Warrs, and was in dispute between the Booths and Traffords. 

The deed seen by Hollinworth is dated i2th January 39 Henry VI. (1461), 
whereby Thomas Booth Esq., son and heir of Sir Thomas Booth knt. deceased 
granted to Hugh del Scoles, Chaplain, one rood of his land in Bexwyck in the vill of 
Manchester, lying above the bank (super rip am) of the River Medlock, together with 
the Advowson of the Chantry of St. Nicholas in the Church of Blessed Mary of Man- 
chester, to hold the said land and advowson with all advantages, to the said Hugh, 
his heirs and assigns for ever, without any condition saving the accustomed services 
to the Chief Lord of the fee, and the grant was attested by Sir Nicholas Longford 
knt., Alexander de Radclyff, John de Trafford, John de G-erard, and William de 



fiantws. 33 

3g tfSt one chale} of silu poi} by estimacon viij on} \ 

J| It iij old vestment? wtfc albes. 1 
I? ij course alter cloythe}. 

Eadcliff Esquires.* (Lane. MSS. vol. xiv. p. 91.) The conveyance to the Traffords is 
not amongst their Evidences; but we find from another source that the advowson was 
transferred with a parcel of land in Berwyk (Bexwick) by Hugh Scoles, Chaplain, to 
Sir John Trafford, by deed dated the last day of February 9 Edward IV. 1470, in the 
presence of Sir John Assheton, Sir Geoffrey Masey, Sir William de Bothe knts., John 
de Hulme, George de Hyde, and others. (Ibid. p. 92; Harl. MS. cod. 2112; 
Lane. MSS. vol. xiv. p. 32. And on the 2oth March 8 (? 9) Edward IV. Sir John 
Trafford knt., Edmund his son, and " Hugh Scoles, Pryest of the Chauntree of Mam- 
chestr," demised two burgages in Manchester to James Chetham and Annes his wife, 
the garden belonging to one of the burgages being described as lying "betweene 
Edmond Berdesley's Messuage and the lands of the sayd Chauntrye," to hold for iiij** 
C xvi yeres next ensuing, yielding to the said Hugh Scoles and his successors xv s vj d 
at four times of the year, and the Chethams to keep the same in repair. (Ibid. 
p. 143.) On the 2nd May 1506, John Vesey LL.D., Archdeacon of Chester, insti- 
tuted " Dom. Eomald Hobson Capell." to the perpetual Chantry of St. Nicholas in 
the Collegiate Church of B. Mary of Manchester, vacant by the death of Dom. 
Thomas Whitehead, and on the presentation of Sir Edmund Trafford knt., the true 
patron of the said Chantry. (Ibid. p. 155.) 

1506, May 2. Eeginald Hobson instituted to the Chantry of St. Nicholas, Man- 
chester, on the presentation of Edmund Trafford knt., vacant per mort. ult. 
Incumb. Ex. Cart. Reg. Lichf. 

1508, May 13. Mr. Henry Eyle to the Chantry of St. Nicholas in Manchester, 
vacant by the death of Eeginald Hodgeson (sic) on the presentation of Edm. 
Trafford knt. Ibid. 

1514, April 2. Charles Gee cler. to the Chantry of St. Nicholas in Manchester, 
vacant by the resignation of Henry Eyle on the presentation of Edmund 
Trafford. Ibid. 

1542, May 31. Henry Eyle to the perpetual Chantry at the Altar of St. Nicholas in 
the Collegiate Church of Manchester, vacant by the resignation of Charles 
Gee, the last Cantarist or Incumbent there, on the presentation of Edmund 
Trafford of Trafford Esq. Ibid. 

In 1535 the Subsidy Commissioners for the Deanery of Manchester assessed the 
"Cantaria ex fundatione Eob'ti Grielly tenths ix s iiij d ; subs, viij 8 vj d ." Lane. 
MSS. vol. xxii. 

The Chapel has long been and is still used as the burial place of the Trafford family, 
but will probably cease to be such, owing to a recent act of the legislature. 

3 (Page 31.) Henry Eile or Eyle B.D. was long connected with the Collegiate Church, 
and not only witnessed but also shared its numerous vicissitudes and mutations in the 

F 



ttmentt 




34 

holdyth one burgage lienge in Deane3gate 
towne f Manchestre viij s and Edward Jennynge 1 
holdyth one pcell of grounde adioynynge to his howse ther con? 
iiij te pte acr. xij d in all ix 8 

first half of the i6th century. He was a native of Cheshire, and probably son of Henry 
Eyle of Styall, a branch of the old family of Eyle of Eyle or Kyll in Stockport parish. 
There formerly existed in painted glass in the fourth and fifth windows of the south aisle 
of Wilmslow Church, called Eyle's Chancel, "a man in a murrey gowne kneelinge before 
a deske, and the inscription, ' Orate p' a'i'a Thome Eyle qui istam fenestram fieri fecit 
anno D'ni M CCCCxxv .' " In the east window also was the following inscription : 
" Orate p' bono statu Henrici Eyle de Styall, Margarete et Isabel le uxorum suorum, et 
puerorum suorum qui quidem Henricus hanc capellam una cum hac fenestra fieri fecit 
A M.CCCCO xxiii." (Sari. MSS. 2151,62; Ormerod's Chesh. vol. iii. p. 3 1 3, note.) 
" Harry Eyle," as he is described by Edward the Sixth's Chantry Commissioners, was 
born about the year 1484, being of the age of 64 a 2 Edward YI. His family had pro- 
bably been retainers or agents of the Traffords for their estates in Wilmslow. On the 
1 3th May 1508, being a young secular priest and patronized by the Traffords, he be- 
came Cantarist of St. Nicholas's Chantry, which he resigned in 1514. He was styled 
"Henry Eyle, bachelor of decrees, chaplain" (capellaims), 1 7th November 18 Henry 
VIII. and may have been one of the Vicars of the parish of Manchester. He became 
Eector of Wilmslow about 1537 on the death of Henry Trafford D.D., and resigned 
the living in 1542 to another Henry Trafford. (Ormerod's Chesh. vol. iii. p. 311.) 
On the 3 ist May 1542, being still a Chaplain in Manchester, he was reappointed Incum- 
bent of St. Nicholas's Chantry on the nomination of Edmund Trafford of Trafford 
Esq. Of this latter office he was deprived by Edward VI. His name does not occur 
amongst the clergy of the College or of the Parish Church in 1547 (2 Edward VI.), but 
he received at that time the annual income of this chantry, which amounted to 
5?. 95. 7eZ., and had also another living of the annual value of 7^. For the loss of his 
chantry incumbency he had a pension of 5?. a year assigned him by the Crown during 
his life. Dr. Hibbert-Ware erroneously calls him William Eiley. (vol. iii. p. 389). 
Queen Mary restored him to his lost office in 1553 and he answered Bishop Bird's 
Visitation " Call" as a Chantry Priest in 1557. In the following year his name 
appears in the same Bishop's " Eeturn of the Clergy of the Deanery of Manchester." 
In 1559 he was again deprived by Queen Elizabeth, and being now an aged man the 
impressions made upon his mind in early life had become indelible, so that to him 
Bradford's sound theology, unanswerable arguments, and martyr's death were alike 
powerless. At onetime (1551) he occurs as a "procurator" or agent of Edmund 
Trafford, and was probably held in good estimation by him, although that somewhat 
versatile individual had embraced and abandoned both the Eeformed and Eoman 
Catholic creed, or more likely, to use a phrase of Anthony & Wood, was " a sider with 
all times and changes." It does not appear how he was related to Henry Eile of 



O^antrtes* 35 

Agnes Rawlynson holdyth one burgage lienge in hangynge 
dyche w%in the towne of Manchestre xlvj s iiij d Rauf Byle one 
burgage ther iij s And Rofcte Greenhaugh one burgaage ther vj s 

in all by yere dewe at lv s iiij d 

Frauncys Pendleton holdytb one burgage lienge in the 
Market place in the said towne xij s yj d Richard Brownsworde 
one burgage ij s iiij d Thomas Jackson one like burgage ii s iiij d 
and Nycholas Cowp one burgage ii s iiij d in all dewe at the saide 

termes xix s vj d 

Roger Kenyou holdyth one terite w fc h thappfrfncf lienge at 
Grandley Crosse w*hin the poch of Manchestre and in the countie 

of Lancaster by year dewe at the said termes xxvj s viij d 

Thomas Grenelawe holdyth one tente w^ thappfrfncf ther 

xxvj s viij d 

Sm" totall of the rentall vj u xvijs ij d 

whereof 

Payde to the Lorde le Warre for cheif Rente goinge furth 
the landes pteynynge to the saide Chantrie lienge in Hangynge 
dyche Market place and Deanesgate w%in the Towne of Man- 
chestre and the said two terites lienge at Grandley crosse w^iin the 

said poch of Manchestre by yere ... . xxvij 8 vij d 

Snf of the annuall reprise} xxvij 8 vij d 

And so remanyth Cix s vij d 

Cross-acres, in the Lordship of Etchells, in Northenden, in the county of Chester ; who 
on the 1 7th December, 1562, being of the age of 70 years, deposed, on a commission of 
enquiry, issusd by the Bishop of Chester, along with Eoger Bile of Sharston, of the 
age of 57 years, regarding the ecclesiastical rights of Northenden and Bowden 
parishes and the claim and right of Edward, son of Eichard Leigh Esq. of Baguleigh 
Hall, nephew of John Leigh, late Kector of Northenden, to a private Chapel within 
the Church of Northenden. (Lane. MSS. vol. xxii. ; Fasti Mancun. a MS.) The 
date of his death has not been ascertained, and he probably retired into privacy 
upon his pension from the Crown. 

1 (Page 33.) Valued at v s iiij d 2 Edward VI. 

1 (Page 34.) This is the Edward Janny referred to in note i, p. 31, ante. 



36 3Lancasijtre 

sfapenijarfe prefet namrtr tfie 



w 



Hatfj) / 7" tilt&ttt Hache 2 preiste incubent ther of the foundacon 

of thancestors of Sr Edmunde Trafforde Kniglit to 
celebrate ther for the sowle} of his founders and all 



1 The ancient Chantry of the Blessed Virgin Mary in the Trafford Chapel is stated 
to have been founded by the Traffords of Trafford, and a long succession of deeds 
relating to it exist amongst their Evidences, extending from 23 Edward III. to 24 
Henry VIII. It does not, however, appear from these records that the Traffords 
were the founders, nor do they occur except as feoffees in connection with it. It is, 
however, possible that Adam le Tinctor and Eichard del Hull may themselves have 
been merely feoffees for an early benefactor whose name has not been preserved. 23 
Edward III. A d'ni 1349-50, on Thursday next after the feast of St. Nicholas, the 
Bishop, at Mamcestr', Richard son of Henry Doterynde of Mamcestr' gives and 
grants to William de Chorlton, Eichard son of Eobert, Eoger de Chorlton, William 
son of John, and Eichard del Hull a certain burgage in Mamcestr', which he had of 
the gift of Adam son of Eobert le Tinctor (the Dyer), lying in the Middelgate, near 
Todelane. Witnessed by Thomas Buldre, Eichard le Mareschall, Eichard son of 
Hugh, John son of Adam, and Eichard Pynchenegh. Seal of green wax, the shield 
charged with a cross engrailed. Lane. MSS. vol. xxv. p. 123. 

At Mamcestr' on Sunday next before the feast of the purification of the B. V. M. 
19 Eichard II. (1396)) John del Scoles, Chaplain, granted to John de Eadclyffe of 
Chaderton, Eichard del Hull, John Eudd, John del Slade, Thomas le ffyssher de 
Mamcestr', Hugh de Chetham, Eoger le Eoper, and Thomas de Bolton of Salford, 
three burgages which he had of the gift and feoffment of the said Eichard del Hull, 
lying and being in the vill of Mamcestr*, as plainly appears by the charter of the said 
Eichard. To hold by the accustomed services due to the chief lord of the fee ; and 
attested by Sir Eichard de Eadclyff, John de Hulme, William de Holand, Ealph de 
Prestwych, William Bulder, and others. (Ibid. p. 119.) And on Monday in the 
festival of All Saints, 19 Eichard II. Eichard del Hull appointed John de Eadclyffe of 
Chaderton to deliver seizin to Dom. John del Scoles, Chaplain, of these three bur- 
gages in Manchester, two of which were situate in le Denesgate opposite the Eectory 
house there, and the other in the Middelgate juxta Todelane. Indorsed " 3 burg, in 
Mamcestr', Chantry B. V. M." (Ibid. p. 120.) On Sunday next after the feast 
of All Saints, 3 Henry V. (1416) John del Scoles, Chaplain, conveys to Ealph de 
Prestwych senior, Ealph de Prestwych his son, Henry de Bucley, Nicholas de Pil- 
kyngton, Tho. de Oulgreue, John del Slade, Hugh del Slade his son, and William de 



37 

his benefactors And where the Revenew) of his landes will not 
sustene and bere hym the Inftitantes of the said poch of ther cha- 

Newton, the above described premises, which he had of the feoffment of Hugh de 
Chetham, John Hud, Thomas le ffysher of Mamcestr', and John del Slade j attested 
by Laurence de Hulme, Edmund de Prestwych, James de Prestwych, John de 
Chaloil (?) and others. And at Mamcestr' on Thursday next after the feast of the 
purification of the B. V. M. 4 Henry V. (1417) Ralph de Prestwych senior and 
junior, Henry de Bucley, and the feoffees named in the last abstracted deed, demise to 
Elias, son of John de Bolton, part of a certain burgage in the Midulgate on the west 
side of Todelane, which they lately had of the feoffment of John del Scoles, Chaplain, 
meted und bounded anew, paying 8s. a year for all demands at the feasts of the 
Nativity of our Lord and of S. John the Baptist, and if the rent is not paid all the 
goods and chattels found on the premises to be distrained until the rent and arrears 
are paid ; witnessed by Sir John de Byron knt., Sir John de Eadcliff knt., Edmund 
de Trafford, John del Bothe senior, Thurstan de Holand, Thurstan deHoland his son, 
Edmund de Prestwich, James de Prestwich, Laurence de Hulme, and others. 
(Ibid. p. 126.) Indorsed " Mylngate in Mamcestr'; rent viij% not payable to Mr. 
Trafforth." 

i4th 9 Henry VI. (1431), Ealph de Prestwych, Thomas de Oulgreve, 

Nicholas le ffysher, John del Slade, Hugh del Slade, and William de Newton delivered 
and demised to John de Eedych, Chaplain, three burgages in Manchester, which they 

lately had of the gift of Prestwych, Henry de Bucley, Nicholas de Pilkyngton, 

and Thomas de Mylngate, how deceased, of which, two are situate in the Denesgate 
opposite the Rectory house there, and the other in the Middelgate; attested by 
Laurence de Hulme, Robert de Workesley, William de Heghfeld and others. And 
on the 1 8th February 9 Henry VI. the same John de Redich, Chaplain, enfeoffed Sir 
Edmund de Trafford knt., Ralph de Prestwych, James de Prestwych, John Wrighting- 
ton, Edmund de Worsley, John de Chetham, John de Bamford, Thomas de Oulgreve, 
Nicholas le ffysher of Mamcestr', John le fflesshewer of Manchester, Thomas le ffero r 
Richard Traves, William de Newton, John del Slade, and Hugh del Slade, with the 
premises described as before ; witnessed by Laurence de Hulme, Peter Workesley, 
Robert Rudd, and others. Ibid. pp. 132-3. 

7th August, i o Edward IV. (1471), Robert le Bolsha, Chaplain, granted to Sir 
John de Trafford knt., Edmund de Trafford Esq., Elias de Prestwyche Esq., Richard 
Tetlow, Richard Bexwyke the elder, Nicholas Pilkyngton, Thomas fferrur, and 
William G-aylay, their heirs and assigns, three burgages in Manchester which they 
lately had of the gift and grant of the said Sir John Trafford, Thomas de Prestwych 
Esq., John ffleshewer, Thomas fferrur senior, Richard Traves, Henry de Trafford, 
Richard le Eishur, Christopher Beiwyke, Nicholas Pilkynton, Richard Tetlawe, 
Henry Hamson, and John Bamford, of which, two are situate in the Denesgate 
opposite the Rectory house there, and the other in the Middelgate near Todelane ; 



3 8 Hattcasijtre CJantriea, 

ritable almes for that he shall fue for the lady preist ther doth 
gyve hym to fulfill his salary Otes gathered amongest them. 

witnessed at Mamcestr' by Laurence de Hulme, Ealph le Bybby, Bichard fferror, 
John G-lover, Eichard Eudd, and others. Ibid. p. 141. 

On the 2oth October, 14 Henry VII. (1498), Edmund Trafford knt., Elias Prest- 
wich Esq., Eichard Bexwicke senior, and William Galey demised and delivered to 
James Smyth, Chaplain of the Chantry of B. V. M. in Manchester, three burgages in 
Manchester, before described, which they lately had of the gift and feoffment of 
Eobert Balshaw, Chaplain, now deceased, along with Sir John Traflbrd knt., Eobert 
Tettlawe, Nichol Pylkynton, and Thomas fferror ; tested by Henry Trafford and Eoger 
Lever Esqrs., Eobert Chetham, John Chorleton, Thomas Pylkyngton, and others. 
And on the 24th October, 14 Henry VII. the same James Smyth, Chaplain, granted 
the same burgages and all the lands and tenements, rents and services in Manchester, 
belonging to the service of the Blessed Virgin Mary, to Edmund Trafford knt., 
Edmund Trafford Esq., Ellis Prestwych Esq., Eichard Bexwick senior, William Graley, 
Eichard Pilkyngton, Thomas Tettlaw, James Eadclyffe and Eichard Hunt, their heirs 
and assigns ; witnessed by Thomas Strangwas Esq., Eichard Hulme, and Edmund 
Bardisley gentlemen. And on the 6th October, 18 Henry VII. the same James 
Smyth, Chaplain, Sir Edmund Trafford and his son Edmund, Eichard Bexwyk sen., 
Eichard Pilkyngton of Salford, James Eadclyff, and Eichard Hunt of Manchester, 
demised to Hugh Whitworth of Manchester, butcher, his heirs and assigns, a tene- 
ment and parcel of land in the Denesgate juxta le Saint Mary's gate (the boun- 
daries described) for the term of 99 years, at an annual rent of 15*., payable to the 
Priest of the Chantry of the B. V. M. And on aoth December, 22 Henry VII. Sir 
Edmund Trafford knt. and Edmund his son and heir apparent, James Smyth, Chap- 
lain, in the service of Blessed Mary in the Collegiate Church of Manchester, Eichard 
Bexwycke the elder, James Eadcliff, Nichol Hunt, Eichard Pilkyngton, and William 
Galey, leased some of the Chantry premises to Thomas Bamford, at an annual rent of 
12S. There is an indorsement on the last abstracted deed that "the 125. is not 
collected as the land and burgages are not Jcnowne." Ibid. pp. 153-5. 

On the ist September, 17 Henry VIII. (1525), James Smyth, Chaplain, Edmund 
Trafford Esq. and Edmund his son and heir apparent, demised to Thomas "Baguley 
and Jane his wife a tenement and garden in the Daynysgate (described) for 99 
years, at an annual rent of 5*. Indorsed " Hunt's house in Deynesgate." On the 
6th January, 24 Henry VIII. John Decconson, Chaplain, enfeoffed Edmund Traf- 
ford Esq., Edmund Trafford his son and heir apparent, Eobert Leigh, Ealph Trafford 
of G-arratt, Tho. Holland of Clifton, Esq res , and Edward Holt gent., of all the 
premises before described, " belonging to the service of Blessed Mary in Manchester." 
Indorsed, "Burgages in Denesgate and Milngate." Ibid. p. 157. 

" (Page 36.) In Bishop Bird's Visitation of the Deanery of Manchester in 1547, 
"D'n's William Ascheton" occurs as "the Ladie Prieste," and is probably the person 




Hancasfnre ejantrtes. 39 

sam is at the alter of Saynt Nycholas w^in the saide 28. H. iH. 
Churche and the sam at this day doth celebrate ther accord- ** an r ^ 
inglie and is named the lady prieste of Manchester as bifore is 
said. 

ffor he doth celebrate w*h the ornament^ and chale} plate 
charged upon Henry Rile. 

Sille holdyth one burgage lienge in Saynte Mary- (25utf0iament 
.. . , . -, p. ,,r i -"A TTT-II Ccnanttfantt 

gate w*hm the saide towne ot Manchestre vj s vnj a Winm 

Luter one burgage ther viij s Lawrens Dawson one burgage ther 
x 8 iiij d Wttm Huton one burgage ix s in all by yere xxxiiij 8 

John Holme holdyth one burgage lieuge in Todelane w^in the 
aforesaid towne and rentyth yerlie vj s 

William Newall holdyth one burgage lienge in Deanesgate 
w*hin the said towne v s and the saide Incumbent haith in his 
owne handf one burgage ther latelie charged at xiij s iiij d in all 
by yere xviij 8 iiij d 

described in the text (Lane. MSS. vol. xxii.) ; and in a list of names of the clergy of 
the same deanery, made about the year 1533, the same Priest is found amongst the 
Incumbents of the Collegiate Church as "D'n's Will'mus Asheton, conduct* pro 
magist' Holand." Mr. Holland of Denton, as a Churchwarden of Manchester, had 
probably engaged to supply the fund in aid of the stipend which, according to the 
text, had been inadequately provided by the founder. It was usual about this time 
for the parishioners to give to the ill-endowed Curates and Parish-Clerks " bowls of 
corn" in the harvest in augmentation of their " wages ;" and we here find that oats, 
as the common grain of the county, and the ordinary food of the poor, were given ; 
from which it might seem that whilst the free-will offerings \jdblationes\ of the 
parishioners were inadequate for the maintenance of the poor clergy, no tax was 
assessed upon the laity, but that they voluntarily contributed oats, which perhaps 
proves, at least in this instance, that the yeomanly-gentleman was quite as liberal as 
the old feudal founder. That William Asheton did not officiate at Denton is evident 
from "Sir Roger Ward, Chaplain of Denton," occurring in the same clerical roll, 
and from his stipend being paid " by Richard Rawlinson (Warden) and others." 
(Lane. MSS. vol. xxii.) Asheton was removed or dead in 1548, and " William Traf- 
ford, aged 40 years," was " the Ladie Priest of Manchester." 



40 &anca*$tr* Cftjamtrtes* 



Snf totall of the rentall Iviij 8 iiij d wherof payde to the 
lorde le Warre for cheif rente goinge furth of all the said 
burgages iij s and to Nicholas Cowhopp for a rente goinge 
furth of one howse in Deanesgate iiij d in all iij s iij d . 
And so remanyth ...... lv s . 



Cd*tmtr(e at tfre alter of ^apnt 
tfte satti p'ocfo cl)urrJ)e, 



i 



Cfjantrjj *W* 0f)tt Bridok preiste incumbent ther of the foundacon of 
Roberte Cheteham to celebrate masse ther for the sowle} of 
the said Roberte and his ancestors at six of the cloke in the 



1 This Chantry, dedicated to St. George, was situated in the south-west corner of the 
nave, adjoining the old porch of the Collegiate Church. It opened from the aisle of 
the nave by a single arch, below which was a finely carved oak screen. It was appro- 
priated to the use of the parishioners in 1815. Robert Chetham gent, was apparently 
the second son of Edward Chetham of Crumpsall (who ob. 1505), and grandson of 
Thomas Chetham of Nuthurst gent. {Lane. MSS. vol. xix. p. 100, Harl. MS. 1549. 
fol. 21. 6159. fl' 2 9> compared with Whatton's History of Chetham Hospital and 
Library, p. 127.) The precise date of the erection of the Chapel has not been dis- 
covered. 

By indenture dated 23rd April, 15 Henry YIIL, made between Sir Alexander Rad- 
clyffe of Ordesale knt. first part, and Eichard Hunt the elder of Manchester, merchant, 
feoffee of certain messuages and lands of Robert Chetham, late of Manchester gent, 
deceased, second part ; witnesses that the said Chetham, by deed dated 24th Septem- 
ber, 17 Henry VII. 1501, enfeoffed Mr. James Stanley, Archdeacon of Richmond and 
late Bishop of Ely, William Bradford, Priesfc, Richard Beswick senior and Richard 
Beswick junior, James Radclyffe, Richard Hunt, and Adam Holland, merchants, of 
all his messuages, lands, tenements, burgages, rents and services in Manchester, to 
hold in trust for ever to fulfil the last will of the said Chetham. And further reciting 
a deed dated ist October, 17 Henry VII. 1501, whereby the said Robert Chetham gave 
to Mr. James Stanley, Archdeacon of Richmond and Warden of Manchester, and the 
six other trustees last named, the said lands, &c., to fulfil the last will of the said 
Chetham " without fraud or gyle ;" and that they should (as he expressed it) " make 
an Estaite to mee and Isabel my now wyffe and the heyrs of my bodye laghfully 
begotten and in default the reversion of the fee shall bee to the sayd Mayster James 
Stanley and the other six feoffees my frends to procure yf I dye without issew a suf- 



3Uttcasf)tre Chantries* 41 

mornynge who did enffeoff Sir Alexandre Eadclyff and others in 
certen landf for thassurance of the sam the pcellf wherof here- 
after in the rental pticulerlie shall appere. 

fycient Prest able to say Masse and other divine sends usuall w th iu the College Church 
of Manchester dayly, when hee is thereunto conveniently e disposed, att the oversight 
of my sayd feoffees or any other havyng my Estate w ch prest shallbe one of the prests 
of the Guild or Brotherhode of our B. Ladie and St. George of Manchester to be 
founded in the College Church of Manchester. And the said prest shall pray for the 
souls of us the sayd Robert and Isabell and for the souls of our Faders and Moders 
and for the welfare of the Bredren and Susters of the said Guild that be on lyfe and 
for the souls of such others as be dead and for all Christian souls. And when the 
feoffes are reduced to two they shall elect four other honest persons of the town of 
Manchester so that the Warden of the said College and one of the Yicars shallbe 
always feoffees. And reciting further that all the trustees so seized were dead, except 
Master Rychard Hunt, who alone survived and was seized of the premises in fee ; and 
by Indenture dated 28 April 15 Henry VIII. by the name of Richard Hunt the elder 
enfeofied Sir Alex. Radclyffe knt. Richard Hunt the younger Richard Galey John 
Holland of Manchester Adam Byrom of Salford and Sir John Bexwicke the elder 
Priest one of the Vicars of the said College to hold for ever in Trust the said lands 
&c. to the uses of said Chetham's Will. And the Indenture then witnessed that for the 
finding of a Priest for ever to do and minister divine service in a Chapel of St. George, 
founded in the body of the said Collegiate Church according to the intent and mind 
of the said Robert Chetham, it was agreed at the special instance and request of tha 
Baid Isabel late wife of the said Robert and by divers others of the more honest 
persons of the parish of Manchester in manner folowing i st that the said Richard Hunt 
being seized of the said premises convenanted with S r Alexander Radclyffe that before 
Pentecost he would enfeoff 1 the said S r Alexander of the lands to the end that he should 
provide and kepe one convenient Priest as the said Sir Alexander and his heirs shall 
nominate and appoint to say Masse at 6 of the clock in the morning in the said Col- 
legiate Church of Manchester for the souls of the said Robert and Isabel according to 
the will of the said Robert 2 1 ? It is agreed that no other Priest shall have any stypend 
salery or wage or be found of the rents or issues of the said lands but only such a 
Priest as the sayd Sir Alexander and his heirs shall from time to time appoynt 
3 ] y And the sayd Sir Alexander and his heyrs within xx daies next after any such 
Priest dye or depart from the sayd service shall name another priest of honest 
conversation to do the sayd divine service. And S r Alexander &c. not to lease 
the said premises for more than xii years and the rents to be received by James 
Shalcross and Henry Gee to be paid to the said Priest for the time being for his 
salary according to the Will of the said Rob. Chetham And when the feoffees are 
reduced to three, more are to be nominated by the said S r Alexander and his heirs that 
the priest may not be deprived of his wages. And S r Alexander covenants that he will 



42 Hancastfnre fjantrtes. 



George w%in the churche 

biforesayde and the sain preiste doth at this day celebrate 
ther accordinglie. 

do the best lie can that the same divine service may be keped and done euermore ; and if 
any priest fortune to be of incontinent lyving or commit any other enormity or grevous 
Offence whereby it is thought desirable or be desired by the Warden of the College 
and two of the most eldest Yicars of the Church, together with the Churchwardens 
of the said Church and the feoffees for the time being (the Warden and one of the 
Yicars being perpetual feoffees), he shall be removed and within xx days Sir Alexander 
and his heirs and successors shall proceed to appoint another priest." Lane. MSS. 
vol. xv. 

The following Will contains so much exact information regarding this foundation 
and so vivid a description of the religious habits and disposition of the founder's wife, 
that I am tempted to print it in extenso from the original. There is no date of 
probate, but the Inventory was taken on the 2oth August, 1523, being the day on 
which the testatrix died : 

In the name of God Amen the xii day of Julye in the yer' of our lorde god a 
thowsand fyve huudreth and xxiij* 1 I Isabell Chetham late wife of Kobert Cheth a m 
sounde of mynde and holle of memory make my testament and laste will on this man' 
ffyrste I beqweth my saule to Almyghty god and to our lady his moder and to all the 
seynts in heyven And my body to be buryed w l in the p'oche churche of our blessed 
lady of Manchest' Also I beqwethe my beste beste to the seid church in the name of 
my mortuary Also I giff and beqweth to Margaret Tetlawe ten marks in money on' 
litle maser vi sylver sponys of the lesse sorte my beste sylver gyrdyll my beste corall 
bedes on' fetherbed now in the p'ler on' dowble shete ii payr of syngle shets iii 
blanketts ii cou'letts on' hangyng of a bed w th the curteyns all in the newe chamber 
behynd the Dor' halfe a garnesshe of pewt' vessell on' maslyn bassyn the beste except 
one the beste lav' except on' ii potts the best except ii two chandlers a grete cofer in 
the p'ler towarde the ketchyn a cowe nowe goyng in Chetewod The burde in the 
newe chamber a payr of bedstocks and a malte arke in the fermost chamber my two 
beste gownes my best kyrtyll Also I gyff and beqweth to Isabell Elcock on' blanket 
on' coverlette xx 8 of money and a cofer It' I beqweth to Kath. . . . xx s It'm I 
beqweth to S r Thomas Bordesley p'ste vi viii d It'm I beqweth to Charlys Bathson 
vi s viii d It'm I beqweth to George Smyth vi viii d It'm I beqweth to James Bexwyk 
xx s and to ev'ry of his iii children vi s viii d It'm I pardon and forgyff Henr' Cheth a m 
xi s of lente money to his wife It'm I beqweth to the wife of James Bexwyk my beste 
gowne except ii one kyrtyll my beste mantyll one hatt on' fether bedd w th the rounde 
teke It'm I beqweth to Eauff Tetlawe xiii s iiii d It'm I beqweth to Isabell Masey 
xl s to Bauff Masey x s to ou' lady of Mamchester a payr of sylu' bedes towarde the 
makyng of Irke brydge xxvi s viii d It'm I giffe and beqwethe to the rep'ac'on of the 
churche of Mamchestr' v marks wheroff xlvi 8 viii d is in the hands of on' Eobert 




43 
one. 



Domvyle holdyth by Indenture dated xx* 1 day of June 
. ,, .... ,, . f ,, ^. 9 *) . Cenanttfattft 

m the xxxvij h yere of the reigne of the Kinge o soueigne 

Nardy It'm I beqwethe to Annes Dyddesbury on' gowne and on' kyrtyll to the wife 
of Edmond Byrche a gowne lyned w th blacke to Thomas Grene vi" viii d to Thomas 
Grene the yong r vi s viii d to William Grene vi s viii d to S r hugh Marler p'ste and the 
other p'ste that shall happen to be in the chantrye w l hym and to yare successors for 
ev' on' chalys w l certen plate beddyng and insyght of howse holde to be assigned and 
appoynted by me the said Isabell Also I giff and beqwethe to the said S r Hugh 
Marler all the t'me title and intrest that I haue in all suche tacks as I haue by lease^i 
for t'me of yer| or oy'wise that is to say in Newton in the p'oche of Mamchestr' 
levynsholme and Mamchestr' And that the said S r Hugh shall have occupye and 
enioye all the seid tacks duryng the t'mes in the seid leasej specified by thassignment 
of me the seid Isabell to thentent that he shall pray for my saule and do other 
charitable dedes aft' his discrec'on And the residue of all my goods not beqwethed 
aft' my furth bryngyng made and my detts payd I giff and beqwethe to the seid S r 
Hugh Marler p'ste And .the same S r Hugh S r Thomas longley late p'son of P'stwiche 
and S r William longley now p'son of P'stewiche I ordein and make my true and 
lawfull execute's to thentent that they shall execute this my will for the most helthe 
of my saule Also I orden and make S r Alexander Eadclyff knyght the sup'viso r of 
this my testament and laste will to th entente that he by his discrec'ou will see the 
same to be well and truly executed and fulfilled according to right and gud conscience 
and for the most helth of my saule. 

And where' the seid B.obt. Cheth a m my late husband p' chased certen measej lands 
and tents lying in Salford Spotland and Worsley w th iu the countie of Lancasf and of 
the yerely value of vii marks ov' all charges for thexibic'on and fyndyng of an honest 
p'ste to say masse and other dyvyne s r vice within the sayd church of Manchest r con- 
tynuallye for eu' as in the testament and last wyll of [the] sayd Eobt. more playnlye 
wyll appere I wyll that the sayd S r hugh M'ler shall haue occupye and enjoye the 
sayd s r vyce and shall take to his owne p'p r use and behoue the rentes revennue^ and 

p'fitts comyng and growyng of the said meassej lands and te duryng hys liffe 

And where as I the sayd Isabell latelye by my dede haue infsoffed S r Alexand r radclyff 
knyght S r hugh M'ler p'ste Eog r m'ler heurye Gee and Eyc d Wolstencroft and theire 
heres for eu' of and in certen burgages mease^ lands ten'ts and ii acres of londe w* yo r 
app'ten'nces lying apon the Acres within the towne of Manchestre aforesayd as in the 
sayd dede beryng date the vj day of Julye in the xv yere of tbe reyne of king henrye 
the viii more playnly doth appere I wyll that all thissuej p'fetts rents and revenues 
of the same shalbe taken aft r my decesse by the sayd S r hugh m'ler duryng his lyff and 
aft r his decesse by such p'son or p'sons as shalbe devysed by the s d S r Alexand r and 



44 

lorde divers burgages lienge in rSketstre 1 lane w*hm the said 
towne viz. one tente late in the tenure of Thomas Trafforde Ixvj 9 

his councell towards the supportac'on and fyndyng of an honest p'ste that shall praye 
saye masse and other dyvyne s r vice w'in the sayd church of Manchestr' co'tynuallye 
for eu' for the soule of the sayd Eobt. Cheth*m my late husband for the soule of me 
the sayd Isabell for the soules of iny father and mother and all Crysten soules And 
also where as the sayd Eobt. Cheth a m my late husband p' chased a c'ten burgage a 
mease w l lands and tents y r to belongyng called Gredley Orcharde lying in Manchestr' 
aforesayd and now in the holdyng [and] occupac'on of me the sayd Isabell towards 
the fyndyng of the s d p'ste And also where as there is a c'ten sum of money 
remaynyng in the hands of Eyc d huute of Manchestr' and John holland gyffen by the 
beqwests of Eyc d Tetlawe my late ffather and rychard Masse towards the p'chasyng 
of lands for the maynteynyng of Say'ct George Gylde w'in the sayd churche I wyll 
that my sayde execute's and feoffs so sone as they can fynde londs to be p' chased by 
thadyyce of the sayd S r Alexand* radclyff shall receyve of the sayd S r hugh m'ler 
on' of my sayd execute's as much money as wyll p' chase more londs so that all 
the sayd lands so p' chased w* they sayd mease| burgage londs ten'ts and other 
the p'missej afore rehersed extend the holl to the clere yerelye value of vij marks 
Also I wyll that the sayd feoffs that are infeoffed in the sayd burgage or rente w l thatt 
p'tenn'ce called Gredley Orcharde shall suffer the sayd S r hugh m'ler and the other 
p'ste that shall hapen hereaft r to be appoynted to the other sayd s'vice and their suc- 
cessor' for ev' to have occupye and injoye the sayd burgage or ten'te and other the 
p'missej w th their app'tenn'ces to theire owne p'pere use and behove paying to the 
sayd cheff lord therof the rents due and accustomed Also I wyll that the sayd S r 
Alexand r radclyff and hys heyrs shall have the noiac'on and puttyng in of the sayd 
p'sts for ev' And that the sayd S r Alexand* radclyff and hys heyrs shall avoyd any 
such p'ste from the sayd s'vice that shalbe vicyous and opyn cr'mynous p'son knowen 
and then to put in an other covenable p'ste in to the same rownae Also I wyll that 
at such tyme as hit shall fortune all the feoff 3 named in the sayd dede except ii of 
them to be decessed that then they sayd feoff* sup'viso's shall make a new dede of 
feoffement to other v p'sons and to their heyres to be named by the sayd S r Alexand* 
and his heyres to lyke use and intent as they sayd further feoff* shall [be] seased 
hereaft' of and in the p'missej by vertue of these p'sentj and so contynuallye from 
tyme to tyme for eu' Also I wyll [that] yf any man' artycle or clause conteyned in 
this my will be otherwyse made then aft' due forme I wyll that the same . . . artycles 
or clause shalbe reformed by my sayd feoff 5 and execute's with the advyse of councell 
as often as nede shall req're In wytnes whereof to this my p'sent testament and last 
wyll I the sayd Isabell haue [set] my seale Thes witness S r James Grene S r hugh 
Bexwyck p'sts Eychard brownsword Eobt. mayner henrye Cheth a m Thorn's pendelton 
and others Yeven the day and yere above rehersed. 
1 Sic. 



Hmtcasfjtve <Ijautmg. 45 

viij d one tente late in the tenure of Wiftm M'ler x s one tente 
late of John Hurste x s one tente late of Antonie Higgan x s viij d 
Roberte Bradford one tente ix s iiij d and one tente late in the 
tenure of v s in all to have and to hold to the said John 

for the terme of xij yeres paynge to the lorde le Warre v s to Wiftm 
Hulton for rent goinge furth of the sam xl s and unto the said 
preist at the ffeastes periteco 1 and Myghelmas equallie ... lxvj s viij d 

Robert Kirschawe holdyth one burgage lienge in Mylnegate 
w^iin the sayde towne of Manchestre xx s Thomas Henshawe one 
burgage ix s George Chollerton one burgage vj s viij d Edwarde 

one cotage viij s Rauf Pseglove one cotage viij 8 Wiftm Bex- 

wyke one cotage ij s Agnes Hunte one cotage ij s and Alice Che- 
tlfm one cotage ij s in all dewe e.? , lvij s viij d 

William Marler holdyth one parcell of grounde lienge in 
Deanesgate vj s viij d Robert Hille holdyth one burgage ther v s 
the wyffe of Hampson one cotage iiij s Gyle} Jamye one cotage 
iij s iiij d the wyfie of John Hugerde one cotage iiij s and John 

Denny son one cotage xvj d in all dewe at xxiiij 8 iiij d 

Snf totall of the Rentall vij n viij s viij d 

whereof 

Payde to the Lorde La Warre for cheif rente goinge furth of the atojjrt&rf 
burgages in Mylnegate iij s and Deanesgate ij s by yere v s 

Payde to Adam Hulton esquier for a rent charge goinge furth 
of the house in Mylnegote that Kirhawe Inhityth in by yere xiiij 8 

Payde to the heires of Lawrens Buckley for a rente goinge furth 
of the burgages in Deanesgate by yere vj s 

Payde to Edmunde Hopwoode esquier for a rent goinge furth of 

the burgages in Mylnegate by yere xiij d 

Snf totall of the annuall reprise3 xxvj s j d 

And so remanyth. vj u ij s vij d 

'Sic. 



46 Eancasfttre Chantries. 



Cfte gmmli Cftantn> at tfce daglre alter to'bm 
tfce parocfte tburcft fctforesafoe* 




Cfjantrg f^fc) BtoarU Smyth preist incumbent 1 ther of the foundacon 
maA of the said Robert Chetham 2 to celebrate ther for the 
sowle} of the said Eoberte and his ancestors. 

1 In 1548 he is said to be aged 40 years. IS Libro _B. Duch. Lane. 

2 The second Chantry at the altar of Saint George is erroneously attributed by 
the Commissioners to Robert Chetham. It was not unusual for various individuals 
to found several Chantries at the same altar, and there were distinct foundations in 
St. George's Chapel. 

I. There was Robert Chethatn's Chantry. 

II. There was William Galey's. The fabric of the Chapel was certainly erected, in 
the first instance, by him, and there seems to be no doubt that an altar within it was 
dedicated and hallowed, but there had probably been no legal foundation settled. An 
exile institution like this would, therefore, have no attraction for the King's Commis- 
sioners, and they omitted noticing it. About 1650, a monument remained in the 
Chapel which recorded that the fabric was " bilded by Wiliam Galey, sumtime 
marchaunt of Manchester, and Elizabeth his wyfe, and Nicholas his broder and exe- 
cutor, on thys theire costes." (Hollinworth's Mancun. p. 54.) And this statement 
is corroborated by a deed, dated 16 May, 18 Henry VII., 1503, executed by Galey 
at that time, wherein he says : " Knawe all men by these presents that I, William 
Galeye of Manchester, Marchaunt, have given, granted and conveyed, to Syr Alex. 
Radclyff of Ordesall knt., Robert Clyff, bachelor in both lawes, official of John 
(Vesey) Archdeacon of Chester, Henry Sydall and William Bradford, Chaplains, Seth 
Galeye, Richard Galeye, Richard Bexwyke junior, Nicholas Galeye and Thomas Beke, 
Marchaunts, all that burgage and tenemente, with its appurtenances, lying in the 
Marketstyd-lone, in Manchester, now or late in the tenure of Robert Chetham or his 
assignes, to have" &c. the uses being " to the fynding and kepeynge of such a con- 
venyent p'iste as the s d Alexander &c. and theire heires shall think meet, to doe and 
mynyster dyvine s'vice in the College Church of our Lady of Manchester in a fit place 
new buyldit for the welfare of the sawles of the saide William Galeye, Elsabeth his 
wyff, and Nycol his broder, whilst on lyfe, and after theyr death to pray for theire 
sawles, and for the sawles of theyr faders and moders, and benefactors, and all Chris- 
tian sawles for ever, and to such other uses and intentes as in a dede indented 3 tite is 
expressed and may appeare." Lane. MSS. t vol. xxiv. p. 400. 

III. There was also the Chantry belonging to the Guild of St. George, and which 
is referred to in Mrs. Isabel Chetham's Will (see p. 42, note). It appears that her 
father, Richard Tetlawe, whose career had been prosperous and progressive as a mer- 



47 

sain is at the alter of Saynt George w*hin the poch 
churche aforesaide and the said preist doth celebrate ther at 
this day for the sowle} of his sayd ffounders. 





Ott, 



Shaw holdyth one burgage lienge in Salford nere &ttirotom*nt 
Manchestre ren tinge yerlie aboue the free rents viij s John 
Domvyle one burgage ther xix s Rauf Wulfeden one burgage xij s 
viij d Edwarde Gaske one burgage vij s iiij d the wyf of Edmude 
Stetson one cotage v s and Gilbert Geste one cotage v s in all by 
yere dewe at lvij s 

Margaret Halghe and Elene Halghe holden one tefite wth 
thapp?n"nc^ lienge in Workesley in the countie of Lancastre by 
yere xx s 

John Glegge and Elene Glegge holden one tente w*h thap- 

cantile man, and Kichard Massey, Lad bequeathed legacies towards purchasing lands 
for the sustentation of St. George's Guild in the Collegiate Church, which sums of 
money in 1523, were in the hands of Richard Hunt and John Holland; and in order 
to accomplish their object Mrs. Chetham also bequeathed as much money as would 
enable her father's trustees to buy lands of the yearly value of vij marks for the sup- 
port of a Priest to be appointed "to the other said service" in St. George's Chapel, 
and she also gave " a Chalice with other Communion Plate to Sir Hugh Marler, 
Priest" (of her husband's Chantry), "and to the other Priest who should happen to 
be in the Chantry with him." 

That the lands were purchased is beyond dispute, as on the 4 May, 3 Edward VI., 
Roger Gartside of Rochdale conveyed to James son of John Stott of Wardle in Koch- 
dale Yeoman (inter alia) two messuages and lands lying in Spotland in the occupa- 
tion of John Glegge alias Clegge and Elyn Glegge alias Clegge, which he had -pur- 
chased of William Eccleston of Eccleston Gent, and Anthony Layton of Chyngul 
Hall in the County of Lancaster Gent., and late belonging to the dissolved Chantry 
of St. George within the Church of Manchester and conveyed to them (Eccleston and 
Layton) by the King, in right of his Duchy of Lancaster. Consideration for these 
and two other messuages " fourscore and twelve pounds." Lane. MSS. vol. vi. p. 
203. 



48 

pen a nc lienge in Spotlande in the countie of Lancastre by 

yere xxvj s viij d 

Snf totall of the rentall Ciij s viij d 

wherof 
Payde to The Duchie of Lancastre for a rent goinge forth of 

Domvyle howse in Salford by yere iij s 

And so remanyth C s viij d 



1 The principal details in the history of this foundation, or rather series of founda- 
tions, will be learnt in the following records, and it is somewhat remarkable that in 
this instance the Royal Commissioners should have omitted to specify the usual items. 

Universis sancte matris ecclesise filiis presentes literas visuris, nos James 

Stanleye, Master or Gustos of the Collegiate Church of Manchester in the Diocese of 
Coventry and Lichfield and also Sir John Bamford William Bradford James Lordyng 
Richard Massy Ralph Mody Henry Sydall and John Bexwyk, Presbyters and like- 
wise perpetual Fellows Rectors and owners (proprietarii) of the said Church health 
everlasting in the Lord When lately a certain Chapel was most commendably built 
and founded on the south side of our said Collegiate Church to the praise of God and 
to the honour of our Saviour and of his name JESUS by Richard Bexwyk, the younger, 
Richard Bexwyk, the elder, Adam Holland, James Radcliff, Richard Hunt, and Wil- 
liam Galeye, Masters, Wardens, or Yeomen of the Guild of Saint Saviour, and of the 
name of JESUS They wishing and earnestly desiring to have in the said Chapel, 
divine obsequies and service, to the praise of God, and in honour of the Saviour, and 
the name of JESUS, and also that divine worship might be increased and augmented 
It is hereby agreed by and amongst us, after due reflection and deliberation, and 
we consent and assent for ourselves and our successors for ever, as far as we can, and 
by this present Licence give and grant to Dom. Oliver Thorneleye, now Chaplain of 
the said Chapel, and to the future Chaplains of the said Guild, and also to Richard 
Bexwyk the younger, Richard Bexwyk the elder, &c., Masters or Yeomen of the 
said Guild, for the time being, and their successors, that they shall have and receive 
all and all manner of oblations, obventions, and emoluments of every kind, which shall 
be offered and made to the Image of the Saviour, in the said Chapel, after the date of 
these presents, for ever, according to a special form and promise made in an agree- 
ment between us, the said Master and Fellows, and the Chaplain, and Wardens or 
Yeomen, of the said Guild, dated anno Domini 1506, is more fully contained and 
expressed. In witness whereof we have hereto put the common seal of our College. 
Given in our Chapter House this .... day of the month .... in the said year of our 



49 



ffi&antrie at tfte alter of tfte trtmtft 
totym tfje sfafo p'oclje 




Irelande 2 fJist Inciibent ther of the foundacon of ^ 
Wittm Radclyff to celebrate ther for the sowle} of the ^ rie ^ t 
said founder and his ancestors. 

Lord. (Lane. MSS.) The seal still remains appended to the deed in my possession, 
and the impression is very fine. See p. 29, note, ante. 

i Dec. 1509. An Indenture was made between Eobert Clyff bachelor in decrees, 
Master or Warden of the College of B. M. of Manchester and the Fellows of the said 
College, of the first part, John Abbot of the Monastery of B. M. of Whalley, of the 
second part, and Sir Edmund Trafford of Trafford Knt. of the third part, which 
recited that Eichard Bexwyke the younger of Manchester lately did many pious and 
charitable works for the said Warden and his Fellows, which ought to be had in ever- 
lasting remembrance, to the honour of God and in praise of the glorious Yirgin Mary, 
in the choir as well as in the nave, which he honourably restored, repaired and 
beautified in a reverent and admirable manner at his own costs. And adding good 
works to good works after the Catholic usage at his own great charge and expence 
laudably constructed, erected, built and founded a certain Chapel and Chantry on the 
south side of the said College to the glory of God and in honour of his most sweet 
name JESUS and for the increase of divine worship there (by and with the full consent 
and permission of the Eev. Father in Christ Dom. Geoffrey Blith Bishop of the 
Diocese of Lichfield), and for the health of his soul and of the souls of his parents, 
friends, benefactors, and of all the faithful departed, for one, two, three, or four 
Chaplains in the said Chapel or Collegiate Church aforesaid, either to celebrate and 
keep half of the choir, or in the choir, when there shall be an interval there, to celebrate 
early morning mass, vespers, complin, and other canonical hours, and all of them in 
the same to chant, read and officiate, according to the ordinal and office, or according 
as other Conducts, Priests and Fellows of the aforesaid College do, and are accustomed 
to do, as appears and is more fully expressed in the last will of the said Eichard. The 
Abbot and Convent of Whalley, and Sir Edmund Trafford and his heirs are empowered 
to appoint from time to time the Chantry Priests and to provide wine, bread, wax, 
books, chalices, ecclesiastical vestments and ornaments for the celebration of mass 
and other divine services, but at the costs and charges of the Warden and Fellows 
and their successors for ever. And the Priests from time to time appointed shall 
have the right to sit at table at dinner and supper, or at any other time, with the 
Fellows of the said College, and shall have access to the fire and the use of the house 
of office (ad cloacam) in the same manner as the Fellows of the said College have, and 
also all other liberties, commodities and easements whatsoever belonging to the said 

H 




3Uncasf)tre (S^antrtes. 

sa * s a * *^ e a ^ er f the frenytie w%in the said college 
church and at this day the said preist doth celebrate ther 
accordinge to his ffoundacon. 

College or Collegiate Church, with free ingress and egress as the Fellows of the same, 
or any of them, either have or ought to have, the stipend or salary payable to them 
(the Fellows) for their service in the choir of the said Church only excepted. All 
which expences shall be paid to them the said Chaplains and to every of them, accord- 
ing to the ordination and will of the said Eichard Bexwyke, in all future time, even 
for ever. The Warden and Fellows bound themselves in 50^, to the Abbot and 
Convent of Whalley to fulfil and execute Bexwyke's ordination. Dated 6 November 

1 Henry VIII. Ex cart. Reg. LicJif. 

It is to be regretted that the will of this munificent individual has not been dis- 
covered, as he has had scant justice done to his memory, and has not hitherto been 
even identified. He is called by the Chantry Commissioners " Alexander Bessike," 
and by the historians of Manchester "Eichard Beck" (vol. i. p. 390, App. ; vol. ii. 
p. 281). That he had endowed his Chantry, the Guild and the College of Manchester 
with ample lands and other hereditaments is evident from the conveyance by deed of 
sale of the various possessions belonging to his various charitable foundations, dated 

2 September 6 Edward VI., and printed in GastrelPs Not. Cestr. vol. ii. pt. ii. p. 65, 
note 3. Jesus Chapel was not sold at that time, but passed to Isabel, his sole daughter 
and heiress, who married Thomas Beck, merchant, and was herself one of the public 
benefactors of Manchester. " Eobert Prestwich Priest of Byssyke's Chantry had a 
pension of 4?. is. 90?." in 1553. Browne Willis's Hist, of Mitred Abb. vol. ii. p. 107, 
8vo, 1719. 

i Sept. 4 Eliz. Isabella Beck, widow, daughter and sole heir of Eichard Bexwicke 
late of Manchester, merchant, for divers considerations and good causes gave, granted 
and conveyed to Francis Pendylton of Manchester Gent, and Cicely his wife, daughter 
of the said Isabella, all that Chapel called Jesus Chapel, situated within the Collegiate 
Church of Manchester, with all rights, privileges and appurtenances to the same 
belonging, to hold to him F. P. his heirs and assigns for ever. Kersall Cell Evid. 

20 Aug. 1653. Henry Pendleton of Manchester Gent., Edward Johnson mercer, 
and James Lancashire clothier, both of the same, conveyed, by deed of this date, "for 
good considerations," to Edward Mosley of Hough Bart., Alexander Eadcliffe of 
Ordsall of the honorable order of the Bath, Knight, Thomas Prestwich of Holme 
'Esq., Eichard Heyrick of Manchester clerk, Eichard Holland of Denton Esq., Hum- 
phrey Chetham of Clayton Esq., Alexander Barlow of Barlow Esq., Eichard Haworth 
of Manchester Esq., Eobert Hyde of Denton Esq., Thomas Birch of Birch Esq., 
John Prestwich B.D. one of the Fellows of All Souls' College, Oxford, clerk, Eichard 
Hollinworth of Manchester clerk, John Hartley of Strangeways Esq., Eichard Ead- 
cliffe of Manchester Esq., Nicholas Mosley of Ancoats Esq., John Lightbowne of 
Manchester Esq., Eobert Booth of Gray's Inn Esq., and Samuel Birch of Ardwick 



^fjantrtes* 5 1 

one* 1 



Esq., all that Chapel called Jesus Chapel, reciting that the said John Prestwich had 
given several Books to the Inhabitants of Manchester, to be placed within some con- 
venient place within the said Town for a Library for the use and benefit of the said 
town, and further stating that the said Chapel was thought a fit place for the said 
Books or any other Books that might be given for the use aforesaid ; but that the 
Chapel at that time was in great ruin and decay, the roof thereof being fallen, and 
requiring great sums of money for its reparation, and the inheritance of the Chapel 
being vested in Pendleton, Johnson and Lancashire, or some of them, they were 
desirous to further the said good work (the same Chapel being situate between the 
Trafford Chapel on the west side and the Chapter House on the east part), and there- 
fore conveyed the fee to the said parishioners on the condition of their paying a 
peppercorn yearly to them the said Pendleton, Johnson and Lancashire, and their 
heirs for ever. Evan Clark and Samuel Hollinworth were appointed to give seisin. 
And it appears by an indorsement on the deed of conveyance that on the 18 May 
1655 they conjointly delivered seisin of the premises to Mr. Eichard Hollinworth 
clerk, for himself and his co-trustees, in the presence of Eobert Hyde, William Meeke, 
Eobert Seddon, John Hindle, and Nathan Leech. Hid. 

20 Sep. 1 68 1. Eobert Hyde of Denton Esq., the only surviving trustee under the 
last abstracted Deed of Conveyance in pursuance of the trust reposed in him conveyed 
Jesus Chapel and the Library therein to Nicholas Stratford D.D. Warden of Manchester, 
Edward -Mosley of Hulme Esq., Oswald Mosley of Ancoats Esq., James Lightbowne 
Esq., John Hartley of Strangeways Esq., Eobert Hyde of Hyde Bank co. Chester 
Esq. son and heir apparent of the said Eobert Hyde Esq., Francis Mosley clerk, one 
of the Fellows of the Collegiate Church of Manchester, John Birch of Ordsall Gent., 
Eichard Fox Gent., Samuel Dickanson Gent., John Alexander Gent., John Higham 
Gent., Eobert Illingworth Gent., William Byrom Gent., John Sandiforth Gent., 
Samuel Harmer Gent., and John Ouldfield Gent., all of Manchester, in trust. 

4 Sept. 1705. Nicholas, Lord Bishop of Chester, late Warden of Manchester, 
Oswald Mosley of Ancoats Esq., Edward Booth of Manchester Gent., John Sandi- 
forth and John Oldfield of the same Gent n , the trustees named in the last abstracted 
deed, convey Jesus Chapel &c. to the Eev. Eichard Wroe D.D. Warden of Manchester, 
Ealph Hartley of Strangeways Esq., Oswald Mosley of Eolleston Esq., George Pigot 
Gent., Eobert Alexander Gent., Edward Byrom Gent., Edward Scott Gent., Joseph 
Byrom Gent., Samuel Cloughs [Clowes] Gent., Joseph Walker Gent., John Moss 
Gent., Gamaliel Lloyd Gent., Eichard Butler Gent., and William Hunter Gent., all 
of Manchester, in trust. 

8 March 1749. Sir Oswald Mosley Bart., William Hunter and Eichard Butler 
both of Manchester Gent., the surviving trustees, conveyed Jesus Chapel &c, to 
Oswald Mosley the younger Esq., Francis Eeynolds of Strangeways Esq., George 
Lloyd of Alkrington Esq., Thomas Pigot, Edward Greaves and John Bradshaw, 



52 Hancasfuve Cfjantrtes* 

Ctrtwfomntt M^| grf)0la8 Shalecrosse holdyth one burgage lienge in the 

SS?* antf Marketstrete in Manchestre and rentyth yerlie at the termes 

of nilt and pentec xxiiij 8 iiij d 

Esquires, Eev. Samuel Peploe, clerk LL.B., James Walker, Bachelor of Medicine, 
Edward Byrom Gent., John Moss G-ent., Edward Byrom the younger Gent., Samuel 
Clowes the younger Gent., and Joseph Bancroft Gent., all of Manchester, in trust. 

26 Dec. 1804. Samuel Clowes of Broughton Hall co. Lane., but then of Warmes- 
worth Hall in the county of York, Esq., grandson and heir at law of Samuel Clowes, 
the last surviving trustee in the deed of 1749, conveyed Jesus Chapel &c. to John Coupe 
of Broughton Esq., and he reconveyed the same to Sir Oswald Mosley of Eolleston 
Bart., the Eight Hon. the Lord Ducie of Strangeways, Henry Atherton of Lincoln's 
Inn Esq., John Bradshaw of Darcy Lever Esq., Edward Greaves of Culcheth Esq., 
John Dickanson of Leighton Buzzard Esq., in trust. Kersall Cell Emd. 

It is recorded in the Eev. John Greswell's MS. History of Manchester that " there 
are trustees to look after the repair of Jesus Chapel by money raised by people bury- 
ing there, and the remainder goes to the poor" (p. 79). It will be observed that the 
writer of the " ancient MS." quoted by Mr. Greswell is not accurate in some of his 
statements. The Library has long been dispersed, and from having been the burial 
place of the Byrom family for more than two centuries, Jesus Chapel is now com- 
monly called the Byrom Chapel. 

1 (Page 49.) This Chantry, dedicated to the Holy Trinity, was founded by William 
Eadcliffe of Ordsall Esq., the head of a high chivalrous house, for centuries popular 
both with the priests and people of Lancashire, he being the lineal descendant of Sir 
John Eadcliffe Knt. M.P. for the shire, the first of his name of Ordsall, who attended 
Edward III. in his wars in France and accompanied him to the siege of Calais in 
noble array with an expensive retinue, consisting of two knights, twelve esquires 
and fourteen archers, which indicates the high rank he held in the English army. 
This great soldier married Joan, daughter of Sir Eobert de Holland of Holland in the 
county of Lancaster (by Maud his wife, second daughter and coheiress of Alan lord 
Le Zouch) and sister of Sir Thomas Holland earl of Kent, one of the founders of the 
Most Noble Order of the Garter. She was the widow of Sir Hugh Button of Button, 
steward of Halton, and married for her third husband Edmund Talbot of Bashall in 
the county of York Esq. (Lane. MSS. vol. xiii. p. 194 ; Harl. MS. 1549, fol. 93 b. ; 
Nicolas' s Siege of Carlaverodc, 4to, p. 287.) On the xii Kal. of April 1360 he had 
a Licence granted to him by the Bishop of Lichfield to have divine service solemnized 
by a fit priest within his Oratory or Chapel at Ordshail, for two years. (Reg. Stretton 
LicJif. vol. v.) And yet he is said to have died 32 Edward III. MS. Pedigree by 
W. EadclifFe, Eouge Croix. 

His descendant William Eadcliffe Esq. married Jane, daughter of Sir Edmund 
Trafford of Trafford Knt., and died in the commission of the peace on the 5th May 
1498 A xiii Henry VII. ; and as he seems to have preserved the royal favour as well 



53 

Alexandra Newton holdyth one burgage lienge in the hangynge 
Brige xviij 8 Roger Ogden one shopp ther vj s viij d Wiftm Biron 

as his estates, lie was probably a prudent and loyal man, and had not engaged in the 
political disputes of his age. His Chantry, founded a little before his death, was 
situated at the west end of the north aisle of Manchester Collegiate Church, and 
contained a very richly painted window, emblazoned with our Blessed Lord's 
arraignment and crucifixion, "His blood," to use the words of Michelet the delightful 
historian of France, " being recognized in the gloomy purple of the window." There 
were also some other symbols or representations of the mystery of the Holy Trinity, 
and the following lines : 

" God that ys of mighte y e most 

ffadur and Son and Holy Gost 

Gyff gr[ace to them to do well] 

And keepe thayr soulis out of hell 

That made thys wydow as ye may se 

In worshippe of the Trenitie 

Jhu [Lord, send them] gode endynge 

[That to] ys wyndo gaff any thynge." 

Hollinworth records that "in the corner under this window its probable there 
stood an altar, and that it was a place of much devotion ; it is sayd it was for the 
country." (Mancun. p. 47.) It need scarcely be observed that every Chantry Chapel 
had its consecrated altar, which was generally fixed under a window, with a piscina 
or lavatory adjoining. This altar seems to have been a favourite place of resort for 
devotional purposes to individuals who came from the remote parts of the parish, and 
might have been partly intended by the founder for their use. There is no ground 
for supposing that it was dedicated either to St. George or to St. Michael (Dr. 
Hibbert- Ware's Hist. Coll. Ch. vol. iii. p. 53), and it is clearly not the Chantry founded 
by the Galeys. {Ibid. p. 53.) On the 15 May 14 Hen.- VII. (1499), Elizabeth, 
relict of John RadclifFe of Ordsall Esq. deceased, gave to the Chaplain " celebratinge 
att Trenitie Altar w th in the Church of B. M. of Manchester one mase boke covyrd 
with a cover and claspyd j crowett of sylver with the letters I. E. on the cover and 
ij towelse, one vestement of grene C whyte velvett with bulls hedds on orfrayes, and 
iii s iiii d to buy a sakrynge bell, and all to remayne there for hys use in devine servise 
and for hys bredren on after anoder for ever." This benefactress was the daughter of 
Sir William Brereton of the county of Chester Knt., and survived her father-in-law 
William Kadcliffe Esq. the founder of the Chantry, and also her husband his eldest 
son, by whom she was the mother of two daughters and of one son, afterwards Sir 
Alexander Eadcliffe the heir of his grandfather and sheriff of the county in 1546-7. 
Lane. MSS. vol. xiii. p. 196 ; Harl. MSS. 6159. ff - 6 5 b - 75 b - 

The Subsidy Commissioners for the Deanery of Manchester in 1535 assessed the 
" Cantaria ibidem ex fundatione Willielmi Radclyffe," vi 1 for tenths and v s v d for the 
subsidy. Lane, MSS. vol. xxii. 



54 3Lattcaslju*e gantries. 

one shopp ther vj s viij d John Wollestencroft one shopp vj s viij d 
John Eastwoode one shopp vj s viij d and Lawrens Rowstehorne 
one shopp ther iij s iiij d in all de we e.? xlviij 8 

Edwarde Jennynge holdyth one taverne lienge in the streite 
ther named the Smedye doore w%m the aforesayde towne of Man- 
chestre and rentyth yerlie at the said termes equallie xvj s 

George Ramesten holdyth one howse lienge in the hangynge 
diche w^in the saide towne of Manchestre and rentyth by yere at 
the saide termes xvj 8 

Rauf Barlowe holdyth one burgage lienge in Colyhurste ffoyte 
wthin the towne biforesayde and rentyth yerlie at the sayde termes 

equallie , v s 

Snf totall of the rentall Cix s iiij d 

wherof 

Payde to the Lorde le Warre for cheif rent goinge furth of all 
the saide tefites by year at the feast of ij s 

Payde to S r Richard Hollande knight a rent yerlie goinge furth 
of the howse that Rameston doth inhite in by yere at the sayd 
ffeaste , iiij s 

Payde to S r Robert Wolstley 1 knight a rent yerlie goinge furth 

of the said lande} ... ij d 

Snf of the annual Reprise} vj s ij d 

And so remanyth Ciij s ij d 

2 (Page 49.) "D'n's Roger Yrlond" was the Trinity Priest here in 1533, but at 
Bishop Bird's Visitation of the Collegiate Church in 1547 the word " mortuus " is 
placed opposite his name (Lane. MSS. vol. xxii.), and in the following year William 
Wodall, of the age of xxxvi years, was the Incumbent, when the Chantry was sup- 
pressed. (Lib. B. Duchy Lane.) In 1553 William Woodalle, Priest of the Holy 
Trinity Chantry, had a pension of $1. for life. Willis's Hist. Mitr. All. vol. ii. p. 107. 

1 (Page $i.) In 1548 the Commissioners returned the plate, by estimation, viii 
ounces ; and the ornaments of the Chantry were valued at iii s iiii d . 

1 Worsley. 







55 



rta u ntrie m tfte (t&apel of ^tratfortie 1 to'Jn'n 
t&e porfte of JWanc&estre Sfforesaftr, 

f)atlCS Gee 2 preiste iDCumbent ther of the ffoundacon of Cfj 
S r Edmude Trafforde Knight to celebrate ther for the 
sowle} of his ancestors and the saide preiste shewyth no 
composicon in writinge. 

1 This Chantry was founded in the ancient Chapel of Stretford, which had probably 
been originally an Oratory or domestic Chapel and an appendage to the house of 
Trafford ; but we hare no precise information of the period of its erection. It was 
certainly in existence in the year 1413, as a messuage and parcel of land, granted by 
Henry de Trafford Esq. and Edmund his brother to Eobert Pendylton on the day 
next before the Purification of the B. Y. M. in the 14 of Henry IY., are described in 
the lease as being bounded on the eastern part by lands "juxta capellam de Stretford." 
Trafford Evid. Lane. MSS. vol. xxv. p. 149. 

The founder of the Chantry within this Chapel was Sir Edmund de Trafford Knt., 
who in the year 1484 succeeded, even at that time, to the proud historical name and 
hereditary estates of his Anglo-Saxon ancestors, which, from political expediency and 
to avoid confiscation, were relinquished to him by his distinguished father Sir John 
de Trafford, -who in early life had left his ancestral halls, and marching at the head of 
his troops embarked in the cause of the House of Lancaster ; but he had evidently no 
disposition to see his extensive territorial possessions wrested from his family by the 
chances of civil war, and therefore cautiously and jealously protected them. He 
covenanted with the great Earl of Warwick by deed dated 24 May i Edward IY. 
" to serve during the whole term of his life, to be with the Earl, and to do him 
service, having an annuity allowed of xx marks for life besides the wages granted in 
time of war to men of his degree." (Hid. p. 141). He died 3 Henry YII. His 
son Sir Edmund married 19 Edward IY. (1479) Margaret, daughter of Sir John 
Savage the elder of Clifton Knt., and the young widow of Sir John Honford of 
Honford Knt., by whom he had issue three sons and two daughters, his youngest son 
Henry Trafford D.D. being an active but unfortunate ecclesiastic. (Harl. MS. 1437. 
fol. ii ; Add. MS. 12477 fol. 38 b.) The precise date of this Chantry foundation has 
not been discovered, but Sir Edmund died 5 Henry YIIL 1514 (Harl. MS. 6159. 
fol. 75) ; and the year before his death, by deed dated 10 December 4 Henry YIIL, 
along with Edmund Trafford his son and heir apparent, he vested in William Honford 
Esq., Nicholas Davenport of Woodford, Eobert Eyle of Chorley, and John Pownall 
of Haythorn, lands in Wilmslow in the county of Chester, to the use of Sir Thomas 
Hunt and Sir Thomas Mattley priests and their successors " for the use and behoofe 



Cljantrg 




Cfjantrtes* 



Stratforde w*hin the poche of 

Manchester biforesaide and distant from the sain iiij er rnyle} 
and the said pist at this day doth celebrate ther accordinglie. 



JIntc atrtr 
tattnwntt 



one chale3 pond} by esf: 

It ij two vestementes w% thapp?n"nc(;. 



viij 






Stqtrfctes 



Venables holdyth one tente w*h thappfofncf lienge 
i ]1 Budworth in the countie of Chestre renting at Midsom) 
et M r tynemes ....................................................... xliiij 8 

Snf totall of the Rentall ...... xliiij 8 

Reprise} none. 

off a parych prest yff it plese hym to lye in ye new chamber whych is byldit at 
Wilmslow and also off a sant marie prest whych shall fortune to saye masse afore y e 
ymage off cure blessed laydy whych Cantare prest to have in remembrance y e lyves & 
the soles off y e sayd Syr Edm'nd & Dame Margaret hys wyffe (> y e sayd Edm'nd 
thay r hayres thay r chyldre C auucesto u rs and also off the sayd Syr Thomas Q Syr 
Thomas and all other benefactours of y e serves of oure blessed laydy afforesayd the 
sayd Syr Thomas (> Syr Thomas Q their successors to yeald pay the parysh prest to 
gyffe towards y e seruij off oure laydy yerely ii s and the sant mare prest xvi d into y e 
handys of y e reves at that tyme beyng." Indorsed " Chauntry of S. Marie, Church 
at Wilmeslow. A 4 Henry VIII." Lane. MSS. vol. xxv. pp. 337, 338. 

2 (Page 55.) Amongst the clergy of the Deanery of Manchester in 1533 occurs "D'n's 
X'poferus Eaynshae ex stipendio Edmundi Trafford et aliorum ibidem, apud Stretford " 
(Lane. MSS. vol. xxii.) ; from which it appears that the endowment of the Chapel of 
Stretford depended upon the devotions of the inhabitants, and the Trafford Chantry 
having no more than the meagre income of xliiii 8 , it is probable that one Priest 
officiated there and derived his stipend conjointly from Mr. Trafiord and his Stretford 
tenantry. In 1547 "D'n's Carolus Gee" answered Bishop Bird's Visitation " Call," 
and was at Stretford in 1557-8, whilst Vaux was Warden of Manchester. At that 
time his whole stipend was five marks (3?. 6s. 8cZ.) (Ibid.) William Trafford 
"the Ladie Priest of Manchester" (see p. 39, note, ante) was buried at the Collegiate 
Church in 1591 : "August 16, buryed Syr William Trafforde an old Priest Dwell- 
inge at Trafforde." (Reg. BJc.) He had a Chantry pension for life of 4?. 35. %d. 
Willis's Hist. Mitr. All. vol. ii. p. 107. 



Hancasjtre Cftantrtes. 57 

C6a w ntn'e m tfie p'ocbe C&unfce of asaarrutfltott 
Butler 6 a untrte* 1 



R 



Halle 2 pist Incumbent ther of the ffoundacon of S r 
Thomas Butler knight to celebrate ther for the sowle} of ^ rt 
him and his ancestors who did make sewer certen landes 



1 This Chantry, dedicated to the B. V. Mary, was endowed by the will, dated i6th 
August, 12 Henry VIII. 1520, of Sir Thomas Butler of Beausy Knt. the tenth in 
descent from William le Botiller, otherwise Pincerna, who occurs as an attesting wit. 
ness 14 Henry III. 1229, but who was dead in the eighteenth year of that King's 
reign. Lane. MSS. vol. iii. p. 257. 

Sir Thomas Butler has long been regarded as the founder of this Chantry, but he 
is not entitled to that distinction. That the Chantry, probably without a settled 
foundation, existed in the i4th century, appears in evidence, as John Butler Esq. 
(brother of Sir William) who died at Harfleur on his way from Agincourt in 1415, 
bequeathed his body to be buried "in the Chapel of the Parish Church of Warrington 
where his parents are buried." (Ex. inf. W. Beamont Arm.) John Butler the 
elder, his father, died about the year 1400, and his grandfather Sir William on the 
23rd of April 1380. (Lane. MSS. vol. xii. ; Harl. MS. 1468. fo. 38 b.) It therefore 
seems probable that the Chapel was built either by Sir William Butler (grandfather of 
the testator), or by his son and successor John Butler. 

The Chantry owed its endowment to Sir Thomas Butler, who succeeded his eldest 
brother Sir William, who dying unmarried 12 Edward IV. 1473, his heir was found 
to be a minor of the age of ten years and the ward of the King. He was devoted to a 
military life and distinguished himself by his bravery at Flodden. In the 2 Eichard 
III. 1484, he married Margaret, daughter of Sir John Delves of Doddington in the 
county of Chester Knt., by whom he had issue one son and eight daughters, and 
dying 14 Henry VIII. 1522, aged sixty years, was buried in this Chapel built by his 
ancestors, under a fine table tomb, long since perished. 

Sir Thomas Butler in his will of the above date recites that he had " dely'vit by 
Indenture tripartede into the custody and kepying of the righte revende Father in God 
John (Paslew) Abbotte of Whalley fyve hundrethe markes in golde savely to be kepte to 
Iris use and to be disposede at his pleasure," and declares that " it is his full will and 
mind that his executors should have the disposicon and orderyng of the said sume " to 
purchase lands or rents of the yearly value often pounds therewith to found a Grammar 
School in Warrington to endure for ever, and the residue of the 500 marks to dispose 
for his soul and his wife's soul, and that his executors and after their decease his heirs 
from time to time should "appoynte an honeste preste groundely lernede in gram' 
to be maist' of y e said scole whiche should say masse pray and do dy vine s'vice at the 

I 



5 8 Hancasfjtre Cftantvtes* 

by ffeoffment for thassistance of the sam the pcelles wherof in the 
Rentall herafter pticularlie shall appere. 

poche churche of Weryngton for the soule of him the saide Sir Thomas Dame Mar- 
garette his wyfie his aunce'tors and his heires after their deceases." And by a codicil 
dated 2yth February, 13 Henry VIII. (1521), he recites that "his trusty s'rv'nts S r 
William Plutre and Eauf Alyn at his costs and charges to his use and to the 
p'formacon of his last will had p' chased certen mes'is lands and ten'ts in Tyldesley and 
Weryngton," of which he willed that they should stand seized to the use of his will. 
By Indenture dated i6th April 1526, and made between Thomas Boteler Esq., son and 
heir of Sir Thomas Boteler, of the first part; Dame Margret Boteler, late wife of the 
said Sir Thomas, Ranulph Pole, Clerk, Eichard Sneyde Esq., and William Plumtre, 
Chaplain, executors of the said Sir Thomas, of the second part ; Sir Eichard Bold 
Knt., and fifteen other knights, esquires, and gentlemen, of the third part ; and Sir 
Eichard Taylor, Clerk, named, deputed and ordained Schoolmaster of a new Free 
School at Warrington, of the fourth part ; in order that men's sons might learn Gram- 
mar to the intent that they thereby might the better learn to know Almighty God and 
serve him according to their duties, to the increase of virtuous living, and the expul- 
sion of all vices, therefore the executors and trustees established the said School. 

By the foundation deed, containing the statutes of the School, it was provided 
amongst other ordinances "yt one Aniversary shall be kept within y e s d Church of 
Warrington at y e costs of every of y e said Schoolm" for y e time being y e seven and 
twenty day of Aprill ev r y year for y e souls of y e said S r Thorn 8 and his ancestors and 
his heirs and for y e soul of Dame Margret Boteler after her Decease in maner and 
form hereafter ensuing y l is to wit y* y e Parson or Curate of y e s d Parish w th seven other 
prests w ch shall be eight in number and ten singing Clerks or Schol" in the evening 
before the s d 27 th day shall together sing Placebo and Dirige and in y e morning of y e s d 
27 th day y e s d eight Prests and ten Clerks shall say y e com'endations and after y* at y r 
pleasure three of y e s d Prests to say Masse of the Trentall of S 1 Gregory w l h the 
Collect Deus simul spes nostra and iiii of y e other Prests to say mass of y e an'iversary 
and y e Parson Curate or another Prest to kepe mass of Eequiem solemnly w th note 
and y e other seven Prests and ten Clerks to help to sing in y e same Masse and the 
Prest y* keepeth y e s d masse of Eequiem to have vii pence and every of y e other 7 
Prests viii d for y r Business and every of y e s d ten clerks to have ijd. 

" And furthermore it is ordeyned y l y e Bellman of Warrington w th y e Bell in y e s* 
xxvi [qu. xxvii] day of Aprill at afternoon shal go throu y e town of Warrington and 
according to y e custom therof desire ev r y man woman and schild to pray for y e souls 
of y e s d S r Thomas and Dame Margret after her Decease and his Heirs and y* done 
then y e Clerk of y e Church of Warrington to cause three long peals to be rungen 
w th all y e Bells in y e steeple except ye Sanctus Bell and so on y e , s d 27 day as accord- 
ing for an anniversary and y e same Clerk to have for y e Einginge xx d and y e Bellman 
to have ij d . 

"Also it is furthermore ordeynd y* ev r y of y e s d Schoolm" w th y e advice of y e 



CTfjantrtes. 59 

sam is w^in the poch church of Warrington and at this 33. $r, 
day the sam preist is remanynge ther and doth celebrate 
accordinglie. 

Chantre Prest there shall give and Deal an Alms y e s d 27 day to fourety poor Folkes 
xiii s iiii d tliat is to wit ev r y of them iiii d . 

" Also it is ordeynd that there shall be upon y e Herse to be made upon and 

over the grave of the s d S r Thomas viii Syrges (wax candles) during y e singing of y e 
Dirige and masse afores d . 

"And furthermore ev'ry of y e s d Schoolm" and y e other Chantre Priest before y e 
feast of Pasche yearly next ensuing shall say or cause to be s d yearly as many other 
masses to fulfil y e s d Trentall y l is to witt xxvii masses w th y e Placebo and Dirige to 

make and fulfill a whole Trentall ...... and after the s 4 an'iversary Quarter 

of y e year to say five masses of y e five wounds of o r Lord for y e soul of y e s d S r 
Thomas and Dame Margret after her decease with such Collects as they shall think 
convenient." Marsh's Hist, of Boteler's F. G. School, pp. 61, 62. 

In 1523 his widow erected the west window in the Chantry (G-astrell's Not. Cestr. 
vol. ii. part ii. p. 231 note) ; and afterwards married her kinsman Richard, third son 
of John Butler of Rawcliffe Esq. (Lane. Visit. 1567.) This Warrington family had 
long been interested in the prosperity of the Cell of Lytham, an offshoot of the Priory 
of Durham, and letters of Fraternity were granted by the Prior and Convent, gth 
August 1508, to the honourable lady the lady Margaret Butler, wife of Sir Thomas 
Butler Knt., as on the 22nd June in the same year similar letters had been granted 
to her husband. (Durham Obituary Soils, Surtees Soc. p. 115, 8vo., 1856.) In 
the year 1535 the Subsidy Commissioners for the Deanery of Warrington assessed the 
" Cantaria cum libera scola apud Werington " for tenths xx s q r , and for the subsidy 
xviii s q r . Lane. MSS. vol. xxii. 

In the inventory of the goods of Sir Thomas Butler deceased, dated 22nd October 
1579, occurs "the lease of a Chantry in Weryngton, called Butler's Chantre" (Lane, 
and CJiesTi. Wills, part ii. p. 123), from which it appears that the Crown had granted 
a lease of the founder's pious endowment, to his grandson. 

, 2 (Page 57.) In 1548 Robert Halle, Incumbent of Butler's Chantry, Warrington, 
is described as "of thage of 70 yeres, a man decrepit, and lame of hys lymmes." 
(E. libro . Duchy Lane.} There were numerous changes in the ecclesiastical affairs 
of Warrington about the time of the Reformation. 

On the ist September, i Edward VI., Sir Richard Johns was the Rector (Lane, 
and Chesh. Wills, part i. p. 104), and on the 25th January, i and 2 Philip and Mary, 
he was presented to the Rectory of Bury by Hugh Jones patron pro hac vice by gift 
of Edward Earl of Derby (Ex arcMv. Cur. Consist. Cestr.), and his will has been 
printed by Mr. Piccope in Lane, and Chesh. Wills, part ii. p. 223. 

In 1547 Mr. Edward Kebill, probably son of Sir Thomas Kebill, Justice of the 
Common Pleas, was the Rector, "D'n's Richard Taylior" was his curate, and "D'n's 
Robert Aghton" and "D'n's Robert Hall" the two chantry priests (Bishop Bird's 



60 ILattcasfnre Cljantrtes, 



CczZZ), the latter being described as "Incumbent of Butler's Chantry " in 1553, 
and having a pension of 4?. is. 4^. Willis's Hist. Mitr. Abb. p. 108. Keble was 
installed prebendary of Westminster June i5th 1547, which, stall he vacated in 1554. 
Le Neve (Hardy) vol. iii. p. 351. 

On the 2oth November, i and 2 Philip and Mary, Nicholas Taylior, brother of 
the above named curate, (who became the Priest of Butler's Chantry in 1554, 
and then had his living " ex stipendio Thome butlo r milit." Lane. MSS. vol. xxii.), 
was presented to the Eectory by John Grymesdyche and Eichard Penketh, the ex- 
ecutors of Sir Thomas Butler Knt. the patron, "owinge to the deprivation of Mr. 
Edward Keble." Nicholas Taylior gave Bond to Bishop Bird and to George Wylm- 
esley his Chancellor "for the Eectory of Warrington " i?th December, i and 2 Philip 
and Mary. (Ibid.) On the 3ist December 1556, Thomas Amery was presented to 
the Eectory by Thomas Butler of Bewsey Esq. the patron, vacant by the death of 
Mr. Nicholas Taylior. (Ibid.) At Bishop Downham's Visitation in 1562, D'n's Tho- 
inas Amery Eector appeared and was excused paying the subsidy, and D'n's Eichard 
Taylior appeared, but paid it. (Ibid.) Sir Eichard Taylor was the first Master of 
Butler's Grammar School, and was living 2oth December 1569, having retained his 
Mastership during the reigns of Henry YIIL, Edward VI., Queen Mary, and Queen 
Elizabeth, (Marsh's Foundation of Warrington Grammar School, p. 66,) but having 
lost his ecclesiastical office, apparently without securing a chantry pension. 

Of the two clerical executors of Sir Thomas Butler, who died in 1522, Eanulph 
Pole was a Fellow of Manchester Collegiate Church and Eector of Hawarden, and 
William Plumtre had been, probably, at Flodden with Sir Thomas, and was a person 
of trustworthiness and learning. In his will, dated September i5th 1545, (proved 
at York,) he is styled " Sir William Plumtre, prest," and he bequeaths To Maister 
Boteler's chappell within the parishe churche at Werington vj s viij d , and that to be 
disposede by the skolemaister ther and Sir Eobert Hall. To Jhesus Churche at Wer- 
ington xx s in money, to be warid ther by th'advice of Sir John Carlill, &c. To 
Maistres Jane Boteler 6 s 8 d . To Maistres Clemence Holte the salte of silver, &c., 
by cause halfe of the stuffe that it was bought with was hirres and besides that she 
shall have all her owne goodes, &c. wiche she will taike upon hir conscience to be 
hirres at Hokertonne withoughte lett or trouble. To Sir Eobert Hall the bookes 
named Quatuordecim Sermones, Ortus Yocabularum and the Shepherdes Kalender, 
and the booke named Pica, and that to remayne in Maister Boteler's chappell at 
Werington. To Sir Eoger Okell the Newe Testament in Latin, Lilium Missa3 and 
Pupilla Oculi. To my goode Maistres Elisabethe Bothe of Dunham iij silver 
spoones. To M r Cuthbert Bolde a crowne of v s . A prest to be kepte to celebrate 
masse for my sawll, my father's sawll and my mother's sail, and for the sawles of 
Sir Thomas Boteler and Dame Margaret his wiffe at Jhesus Churche in Werington 
for iiij yeres. Hx MS. Eev. James Eaine M.A. 



<f;antries. 6 1 



Bullinge holdyth one tente w^ thapp?n*nc lienge in 
Warrington in the countie of Lancastre vj s Rauf Allyne 
holdyth one tefite ther vj s John Pynkeman holdyth one acr of 
lande in holley xviij d Wiftm Moyle one pcell of grounde called 
the longe lethe} con? by es? one acre iij s John Hulme holdyth 
one tefite ther vj s viij d Robert Hunte holdyth one acr of grounde 
ther ij s viij d Edward Wright one acr medowe iij s iiij d Humfrey 
Madder one tefite x s v d Oliver Bordesley one tente iiij s vj d George 
Corlas one tefite xvj s and John More one crofte w% a well in yt 
xij d in all by yere dewe at the fieastf of pentec ml? lxj s j d 

Edwarde Jakes holdyth one tente w% thapp?n"ncf lienge in 
Astleye in the sai d countie rentinge yerlie e.? x s 

The wyff of W iftm Bishay holdyth one mesuage w*h iij acres of 
lande lienge in Penketh in the said countie rentinge yerlie e.r. . x s 

George Radiche holdyth one cloise lienge in Apleton in the said 
countie of Lancastre con? by es? iij acr di vj s viij d and Thomas 
Dichefeilde holdyth two cloises ther con? one acr ij s viij d in all by 

yere dewe at the said ffeastf ix s iiij d 

Snf totall of the rentall iiij u x s v d 

Reprise} none. 



rl) a urttrte m tiyt rbapell of ftollgnfagre 1 
tfte p'ocfte 



WilUam Massey 2 preist incubent ther of the ffoundacon 
of hamande Massey to celebrate ther for the sowle} o 
hym and his ancestors and to do one yerlie obbet at 
the said poche church and to distribute at the sain v s yerlie. 

1 The Chantry of Hollinferry was founded by Hamon Massey of Rixton Esq., the 
fourth in descent from Sir Hamon Massey, who in the 16 Edward III. 1343 married 
Katharine daughter and heiress of Allan de Eixton by his wife Margaret " cousin and 
heiress" of Sir John Daniel. (Lane. MSS. vol. xii.) The founder provided by his 



62 ILaticasfjtre 



$* sam * s *^ e sa ^ chapell w^in the poche biforsaid and dis- 
tant from the said poch church v mile} w c h saide chapell is 

will, dated October 6th, 12 Henry VII. (1497), that an honest priest and chaplain 
should have a salary out of his lands, to say mass and do divine service in the chapel 
of Hollin-ferry-greene, lately by him edified and built. (Sir P. Leycester's MS. Book, 
Liber. C. p. 293, now at Tabley. Ex. Inf. Will. Beamont Arm.) Hamon Massey 
married 12 Edward IY. Elizabeth daughter of John Butler of Bewsey Esq., and had 
issue two daughters, his coheiresses, one of whom married Eobert Worsley of Booths 
Esq., and the other John Holcroft of Holcroft Esq. Lane. MSS. vol. iii. p. 326, 
and vol. xxxvii. p. 7. 

The following references to this Chantry are from the family evidences of J. Ireland 
Blackburne of Hale Esq., and have been obligingly communicated by Dr. Eobson 
of Warrington. The letter is written on a strip of parchment, without name or 
address, but probably by William Massey to John Asheley. 

" Wurshypfull Cosyn, I recommaunde me vnto you and quher for y e gud loue quych 
I berre to my Chapelen S r Eandolphe Wudward and for hys perfite leuying [living] I 
am myended to gyfe and graunte to the seid S r Eandolphe or to such persons as he 
will haue to his behoue y e next avoydaunce denomination and presentation of my 
Chauntre of y e Chapelle of the Holynfeyre grene wherein y e stond fully feoffed to my 
vse qwherfor I hertely desire and praye you to ensealle and deliuer to the said S r 
Eandolphe all such writynges as by him for his preferment on that behalfe shalbe 
deuised and this my writyng shalbe to you a sufficiant warrande for the same and 
thus Jhu perserue you. Wretyn at Eixton the xix day of May in the XVIIIth yere 
of the reigne of King Henry y e VIII." 

" William Massey of Eixton and John Asheley of Asheley Com. Cestr. his feoffee 
of Eixton and Glazebrook give the next advowson of the Chantry of Holynfere grene 
Chapel to Eichard Warburton Eector of the Mediety of Lymm and Thomas Wodward. 
Dated 19 May 18 Henry 8. Witnesses Eich d Warburton Eector Medietatis de Lymm 
W m Wryght Capellan Hamone Massy gen. et Eob. Parker cum aliis." 

" Bond of Bichard Warburton and Thomas Wodward in 8oZ. to Eanulph Wod- 
ward to give the said Eanulph the Chantry. Dated 6 July 18 Henry 8." 

At the dissolution a pension of 4.1. 1 2*. was charged on the revenues of the Duchy 
of Lancaster, payable to the Incumbent of Hollinfare. 

2 (Paffe6i.) Sir William Massey, Priest, was a legatee named in the will of William 
Massey of Eixton Esq., dated i8th May, 30 Henry VIII. (1538). The testator 
desired to be buried in the Eixton Chapel within the parish church of Warrington, 
and bequeathed viii 11 for the use of a Priest for two years to pray for his soul and for 
all Christian souls. (Lane, and Chesh. Wills, part ii. pp. 201-2.) There being no 
settled endowment this Chantry is omitted in the Eoyal Commissioners' Eeports. 

It appeared in evidence, June 2nd, 1621, in a suit between Eichard Massey Esq. of 
Eixton and Alice wife of William Hawarden and formerly wife of Thomas Eixton gent. 
that the Choir or Chapel of the Masseys in Warrington Church had been encroached 






Chantries. 63 

standinge in the Kinges Streite ledinge from the haven of Lyver- 
pole to Manchestre and the sam prest doth ther accordinglie 
celebrate and distribute yerlie v s at the obbet biforsaid. 



one. 



Yate holdyth one tefite w% thappttfncf lienge in (Entfofoment 
Rixton in the countie of Lancastr rentinge yerlie at Mydsom 9 Cental 

and M^tynemes , xl s 

Charles Spakman holdyth one tente lyenge in Glaizebroke in the 
said countie xxvj s viij d Thomas Yate holdyth one tente the? xx s 
and George Clerke one tente ther xiij s iiij d in all dewe e.?. ... lx s 

Snf totall of the rentalL C s 

Reprise} none. 



Cftantrte at t&e alter of ^>ajmt Smte 1 totyfn 
tl)t p'orfje 



R 



Haughton preist incumbent of the ffoundacon o 
Richarde Delves to celebrate ther for the sowle} of hym 
and his antecessors and to doe one yerlie obbet ther and 



upon by the Rector's desk or stall having been removed westward into the body of the 
church from the place where it formerly stood, and a large pew intruded into the place 
where the Masseys and Rixtons formerly for " the tyme paste the memorie of man" 
were accustomed to sit and kneel. The Bishop of Chester ordered that Massey's Choir 
should be restored, the Eector's desk removed, the Rixton pew taken away, and the 
ancient forms or seats brought back to the place where they originally stood, and Mrs. 
Hawarden to have the lowest form for her use and for the use of the heir and posterity 
of the said Thomas Rixton deceased. Bridgman's Reg. Chester. 

1 This Chantry, dedicated to St. Anne, the mother of the B. V. M., was founded 
by Mr. Richard Delves, third son of Sir John Delves of Delves Hall in the county 
of Stafford Knt., High Sheriff of that county, Comptroller of the Petty Customs and 



64 Hmtwfyiu (S^antrtes* 



to distribute at the safn to mynystres of the churche and to pore 
people xx s by yere. 

Warden of the Mint temp. Henry YL, but who was afterwards slain at the battle of 
Tewkesbury and attainted by Parliament for his adherence to the house of Lancas- 
ter. The wife of Sir John was Ellen daughter of Ralph Egerton of Wrinehill Esq., 
and his eldest son John Delves Esq. being with his father at Tewkesbury was beheaded 
ii Edward IY. (147 1), and the estate became vested in his next brother Ralph. The 
Rector's sister, Margaret Delves, married Sir Thomas Butler of Beausy Knt., the 
benefactor of the Chantry and founder of the School of Warrington. 

On the 1 6th June 1486, Sir Richard Delveys, presbyter, was presented to the Rec- 
tory of Warryngton on the resignation of Hugh Redyche the last Rector, and insti- 
tuted in the person of Hugh Leche his proctor : patron, Thomas Butler of Bewsey 
Esq. (Reg. Sales. Lichf.) On the 6th December 1527, Mr. Thomas Maria Wyngfeld 
clerk, was presented to the Rectory of Warrington on the death of Sir Richard Delves, 
the last Rector, on the presentation of Humphrey Wingfeld Esq. and Robert Browne 
clerk, pro hac vice. (Reg. Blyihe Lichf.) In the pedigree of the family this Rector 
is stated to to have been M.P. for Huntingdon. Burke's Landed Gentry. 

Richard Delves was admitted to the Prebendal Stall of Pipa Parva in Lichfield 
Cathedral 27th March 1485, and exchanged the same with John Argentine M.D. for 
Bubenhall loth March 1501-2. He quitted this stall for Stotfold, i5th June 1527, 
and died seized of it 23rd November (sic) in the same year. Hardy's Le Neve, vol. i. 

On the 2oth November 23 Henry YIL, Richard Delves clerk, was a feoffee of his 
brother-in-law Sir Thomas Butler Kiit., of his manors of Warrington and Bewsey, and 
of all his other manors, lands, &c., in the counties of Lancaster, Notts, the city of 
Coventry, and elsewhere within England, which at the special request of Sir Thomas, 
Mr. Richard Delves demised to John Aston Knt., Edmund Trafford Knt., Henry 
ffarington Esq., Simon Byrom clerk, Reginald Lownes clerk, William Plomtre chap- 
lain, Thomas Lewyns chaplain, and others, to fulfil certain covenants in an indenture 
made between the said Sir Thomas Butler Knt. and Thomas Butler his son and heir 
apparent on the one part, and Sir Peter Legh Knt. and Peter Legh his son and heir 
apparent on the other part. Lane. M88. vol. xxxviii. p. 315. 

Randle Holme noticed in 1640 in the Chancel of Warrington a marble stone inlaid 
with brass and upon it " a man, with a curious cote, embrauthered, praying," and this 

inscription, " $f gour djarttg grag for fl) rfoule at :JHr. aaicijartr H9cltte, 
Canon in tyt Cafljcfcral entire!) of Utrftff tftr antt Pardon of tf)t CfjttrcT) of 
aSJarrinfltan, agelf tfje 22 of jJotemfcer in tije gears of ottr iUrfc <oXr 1527." 

The plate, vestments, and endowment of the Chantry, were all on a liberal scale, 
befitting an opulent and well connected ecclesiastic. The Subsidy Commissioners for 
the Deanery of Warrington in 1535, assessed the " Cantaria ex fundacoie Ric'i Delvis," 
for tenths x* ix d q r , and for the subsidy ix s viii d ob. (Lane. MSS. vol. xxii.) And 
in 1553 Robert Hough [qu. Haughton wr Aghton], Priest at the Chantry at St. 
Anne's Altar, Warrington, had a pension of 5?. -Willis's Hist. Mitr. Abb. p. 109. 



6$ 

f)0 sam is at the alter of Saynt Anne v^hin thafforsaid poche 
churche and at this day the sam preist doth celebrate ther 

and doth distribute yerlie at the said Obbet 1 according to the 

ordnfnce of his Sound aeon. 



(r&t one chale} poi} ............. , ........................ xyj on} ^plate antr 

It iij vestemente of Satten briges.* 
It iij course vestementf dornyx. 3 
K j vestemente tawny chamlet. 
It one vestemente of blacke damaske. 



Crichlawe holdyth one capital mesuage w*h thap- 
ptn a ncC lienge in Norton in the countie of StafForde iiij n v s 



viij d John Nyghtingale one cot age ther ix s and John Wyott one 
cot age ther xij s in all dewe at the fieastf of Mydsoni! and Mighel- 
mas equallie ................................................... Cvj s viij d 

James Penyfather holdyth one tente lieng in litle Worley by 
yere rentinge at the said termes equallie ........................... xx s 

Hugh Corvefer holdyth one terite lyenge in greate Worley rent- 
inge yerlie in the sam ffeastes equallie ........................ xiij 8 iiij d 

Snf totall of the rentall ...... vij 11 

Reprise} none. Hqprfete* 

1 Gilbert Suthworthe of Crofte gen' by will dated 15 June 1504, bequeaths "my 
bodye to be buryed in the cemetare of y e churche of Jhesus belongyng to y e bredren 
of Seinte Austen in Weryngton and I wyll that on Obbet be kepte solemply eu'ry yere 
by the space of v yeres aft' my decease and that two of y e blake freers shall synge on 
the daye of my decease a masse of requiem by note, and say de profundis for my sawll 
and all cristen sawlls, and to everych of y e frerys p'sent at the Dirige over nyght I 
gyve vii d , and on the morrowe masse iii s to be distributed to pore peple by my 
executors." Lane. MSS. Wills. 

2 Manufactured at Bruges. In 1502 Elizabeth of York buys " saten of Bruges, 
blake." Exp. 17. Eaine's Fabric Rolls of York Minster; Glossary. Surtees 
Society, p. 338. 

3 A kind of stuff which takes its name from Doornick or Tournay in Flanders 
where it was first made. Ibid. p. 341. 

K 



66 i^ancasljtre gantries* 

Cfte Cfjantw at tfie alter of $ lafcp totyin 
p'ocfce 




Cokeson 2 preist incumbent ther of the foundacon of 
thantecessors of Rauf Bradshawe 3 to celebrate ther for the 
sowie} of the founders and to singe masse w*h note two 
tymes in the weke. 

1 This Chantry, dedicated to S. Mary the Virgin, was founded by Dame Mabella, 
widow of Sir William de Bradshaw Knt., with the assent of Eoger Bishop of Lichfield 
and Coventry, Henry Earl of Lancaster, Seneschal of England, and John de Langton, 
Clerk, Eector of Wigan. It was endowed in the first instance with a messuage in 
Wigan, at that time in the tenure of Henry Banastre, and with certain premises in 
Haghe. The attesting witnesses to the deed were D'no Thoma de Lathum. D'no 
Eob'to de Langeton. D'no Eic'o de Hoghton. D'no Will'o de Lee militib|. D'no 
Henr' de Walsch p'sona ecclesie de Standish. D'no John de Langeton p'sona ecclesie 
de Wigan. Gilbert de Haydock. Will'mo de Worchlu. Will'mo de Zureton, et aliis. 
Dat. apud Haghe die d'm'ca in crastino S'c'i Jacobi ap'li a d'ni mill c.c,c. mo xxx mo 
octauo, et a r. r. Edwardi t'cii post conq. duodecimo (Lib. 3, ff. 58, 59, in Cur. Lichf,) t 
being an Inspeximus. On the 2 d nones Sept. 1338, John de Sutfcon, Presbyter, was 
canonically instituted by Eoger, Bishop of Lichfield, to the Chantry at the Altar of 
Saint Mary the Virgin in the Parish Church of Wigan, founded by Dame Mabella, 
formerly wife of Sir William Bradshaw Knt., and now by her presented to the same 
as a perpetual Chaplain, according to the form and ordination of the said Chantry. 
(Reg. NortJiburgb apud Liclif. p. 112; GastrelPs Not. Cest. vol. ii. part ii. p. 247, note.) 
On the 1 6th October 1488 "Dom. Willielmus Holden presb. ad perpet. Cantariam 
B. Marie in Eccles. paroch. de Wygan ad presentat. Jacobi Bradshaw arm. dicti Can- 
tarise fundator, vacant, per mort. Eic'i ffletcher ultim. Incumb." Reg. Hales. LicTif. 

Notwithstanding the last statement, the founder was clearly Mabella, daughter and 
heiress of Hugh le Norris, lord of Haigh and Blackrod, and wife of Sir William Brad- 
shaigh, knight of the shire for Lancaster, in the 7, 9 and 19 Edward II. (having been 
absent ten years in the holy wars of Palestine during this reign), and 2 and 4 Edward 
III. This lady, famous for her wealth, misfortunes and piety, exercised her rights, as 
lady of the manor of Haigh, in the ii Edward III. 1337, and also founded another 
Chantry at Blackrod in the following year. See Dr. Ormerod's Memoir of the House 
of Le Noreis or Norres, p. 8, 8vo, 1851, privately printed. 

In 1535 the Subsidy Commissioners for the Deanery of Warrington assessed at 
Wigan the " Cantaria ex fundatione antecessorum M ri Eogeri bradshae, milit." for 
tenths vi vi d ob. q r , and for the subsidy v" xi d . In the margin is added : " Caret 
Cantar." Lane. MSB. vol. xxii. 



Chantries* 67 

safh is at the alter of o 9 lady w^in the said church and 
the sain preist at this day is remanyng ther and doth cele- 
brate ther accordinglie. 

Ott0 for he doth celebrate w*h the chale3 and ornamentf 
the safh church. 




atlf Bradshawe holdyth one tente w*h thapptnncf lienge in 
. x , ,. 1*, ,. ........ ,, 

haye in the countie of Lancaster rentinge yerlie... xlnj s mj d Eental 

James Anderton holdyth one tente lieng in Wigan vj s viij d 
Wiftm Glover one burgage ther iij s Peter Lethe} one burgage 
iiij s iiij d Wiftm Dolphyn one burgage iiij s Wittm Turner one 
burgage iij s viij d Galfride Turner one burgage xvj d and Mathewe 
Markelande one burgage vj d in all by y ere ............... xxiij 8 vj d 

Snf totall of the rentall ...... lxyj s x d 

Wherof payde to the pson for cheif rent yerlie ..... xij d 

And so remanyth ...... lxv s x d 



Cfte Cfiauntn'e in ti)t p'otfi rturrft of 
namrti 



w 



tllttim Stanley 2 preist incumbent ther of the ffoundacon 
of the ancestors of therle of Derbie to celebrate for the 
sowles of the ffounders. 



2 (Page 66.) In 1553 Hugh Cokesonne, Priest of the Virgin Mary Chantry, Wigan, 
had a pension of 3?. os. $d. (Willis's Hist. Mitr. All. p. 109), and at that time was 
aged fifty-one years. (E. lilro . DucJi. Lane.) It is stated that the town and 
parish of Wigan contained, in 1548, 2600 "howselynge people." Hid. 

3 (Page 66.) Ralph, son of James Bradshaigh Esq. (who ob. 20 Henry VII.) was 
living at the time of this royal inquisition, and dying i and 2 Philip and Mary, without 
issue, was succeeded by his next brother William Bradshaigh Esq., ancestor of the 
present noble owner of Haigh. 

1 No reference is made by any of our county historians to this Chantry, which 



68 Emtcaaln're Cfjantrtes* 



f)0 sam is w*hin the poch church of Wynwike and the said 
preist doth celebrate ther accordinge to his ffoundacon. 

being called " the Rector's Chapel," and part of the endowment arising from Lich- 
field, was probably founded by Mr. Edward Stanley, Clerk, third son of Sir John 
Stanley Knt. M.P., and a younger brother of Thomas first Lord Stanley E.G. Mr. 
Edward Stanley was collated to the Archdeaconry of Chester on the death of George 
Radclyfie B.D., and was also instituted to the Rectory of Winwick, on the 20th 
January 1453. (Reg. Haulers LicTif.) May zgth 1454, Reginald, Bishop of 
Lichfield and Coventry, received from Dom. Edward Stanley, Archdeacon of Ches- 
ter, XX H sterling, in part payment of an annual pension of xl 11 due to the Bishop 
from the Archdeaconry; and on the i9th November 1455 he received xx 11 more. 
(Hid) On the 5th November 1467 the Archdeacon died, and on the 22nd No- 
vember in the same year James Stanley, Clerk, was presented to the Rectory of 
Winwick by Henry Byrom Gent., pro Me vice. (Reg. Hales LicJif.) It is well 
ascertained that none of the Stanleys, Earls of Derby, were buried at Winwick. 
Thomas, the first Earl and High Constable of England, was buried " in the midst of 
the Chapel, in the north aisle of the Church of the Priory of Burscough of his ances- 
tors' foundation," and, it is expressly stated, " where the bodies of his father, mother, 
and other of his ancestors, lay buried." By his will, dated 28th July 1504, he pro- 
vided that one of the Canons of that Priory should duly (? daily) say mass in the said 
Chapel for his soul, and for the souls of his two wives Eleanor and Margaret, and for 
the souls of his parents, ancestors, children, brethren and sisters, and for the soul of 
William late Marquis of Berkeley (who died in 1492), and for the souls of all who died 
in his or his father's service ; and at every mass, before the Lavatory, to say audibly 
for the souls he appointed, by name, and all other in general, De profundis clamavi, 
with the accustomed Oraisons and Collects. And he also willed that his executors 
should provide a Priest to say mass for a year in the Churches of Winwick and War- 
rington, and especially to pray for the souls of all those he had any wise oflfended, and 
for all Christian souls. (Testam. Vetusta, vol. ii. p. 459.) There are no presenta- 
tions to this Chantry recorded in the Bishops' Registers at Lichfield. 

In 1535 the Subsidy Commissioners for the Deanery of Warrington assessed 
" Winweke, de Cantaria ex fundatione Comitis Derbie ib'm," for tenths vi s viii d , and for 
the subsidy vi s . Lane. MSS. vol. xxii. 

2 (Page 67.) In 1547 Mr. William Bullinge the Rector, Dom. Hugh Bullinge the 
Curate, Dom. Laurence Penyngton and Dom. William Stanley, Clerks, answered 
Bishop Bird's Visitation " Call." (Liber Visitat. in Cur. Cestr.) Dom. William 
Standley was a "Conduct pro Comite de Derbie" at Ormskirk about 1540. (Lane. 
MSS. vol. xxii.) In 1548 he was aged fifty-six years, and the town and parish of 
Winwick contained, according to report, 1000 houselyng people. (E. libro _B. 
Duck. Lane.). In 1553 William Stanley, Incumbent of Stanley's Chantry, Win- 
wick, had a pension of 3?. 05. yd. (Willis's Hist. Mitr. All. p. 109.) In 1557-8 



69 
one* 



he sain preist haith and receyvyth yerlie one annuall rent 
goinge furthe of one burgage in lichfeilde called the Anthe- 
lope and burgage in the citie of Westchestre to the yerlie 

valewe of lxvj s viij d 

Snf totall of the rentall , kvj s viij d 

Reprises none. 



C&arttrie at t&e alter of tfte trenptfe 1 to'fn'tt 
p'orte 



L 



Pennyngton 2 preist Incumbent ther of the ffoun- Cfjantrg 
dacon of the antecessors of Peter Leighe knight to cele- 
brate ther for the sowle} of the founders. 



Mr. Thomas Stanley, Bishop of Sodor and Man, was Eector of Winwick, Wigan, 
and North Meoles ; his Curate at Winwick was Dom. Richard Smith, whilst Dom. 
Laurence Penington and Dom. Oswald Kay were Incumbents of Altars in the 
Church, not described by name. (Lane. MSS. vol. xxii. ; Ex. ArcJiiv. Cons. Cur. 
apud Cestr.) This episcopal Eector was a younger son of the second Lord Monteagle, 
and, from having cultivated poetry and letters, probably did not emulate his kinsman 
James, Bishop of Ely (see p. 30, note ante), who maintained his military position 
as a feudal Baron better than his spiritual dignity, a helmet, buff jerkin and a 
troop of esquires becoming him more than a mitre, the sober rochet and a train of 
chaplains. 

1 This Chantry, dedicated to the Holy Trinity, was founded by Sir Gilbert de 
Haydock of Hay dock in the parish of Winwick Knt., who in the 4 Edward III. 1330 
(and not 1334, as printed in Gastrell's Not. Cestr. vol. ii. pt. ii, pp. 261-2) presented 
his petition to Eoger de Northburgh, formerly Archdeacon of Eichmond, and at that 
time Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry, for a license to build and endow the"same. 
(Ibid.) And in the same year Gilbert de Haydok M.P. for the good of his soul after 
death and for the souls of his Father and Mother, for the souls of all his ancestors, and 
of all the faithful deceased, and for the increase of divine love, obtained the king's 
licence, together with the consent of the Eector of Wynquek and others, to found a 
Chantry. He thereupon granted in pure and perpetual alms, and for the sustentation 



jo ILancagrfuve Chantries. 




the poch 

churche biforsaid and the sain preist doth celebrate ther 
accordinglie. 

of a Chaplain to say divine offices in the chapel of S. Trinity in the parish, church of 
Wynquick eight messuages, seven tofts, forty-one acres, and three roods of land, with 
their appurtenances, situate in Newton in Makerfeld. And also two messuages, two 
tofts, and three acres in the said vill, which Adam de Walton held for the term of his 
life ; to have and to hold to the said Chaplain and his successors for ever to celebrate 
for the soul of the said Gilbert, and for the souls of others in the said chapel, and to 
sustain the Chantry service there, saving to the mother church of Wynquek all 
accustomed rights, which it was not his wish in any respect to diminish. And he 
ordained that a fit and honest Chaplain at the time of saying mass should specially 
pray for his (the founder's) soul whilst he lived, and also for the soul of the venerable 
Father Eoger, by the grace of God Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield ; and after the 
founder's death in every mass privately and publicly to pray for him by name, and on 
every day, except on double festivals, at matins, vespers, and other canonical hours, 
to say Commendacionem, Placebo, and Dirige for the soul of the said Gilbert de Hay- 
dok and others. The Chaplain to provide chalices, books, vestments, and other 
ornaments, which the said Chantry might need, but which were at that time partly 
provided by the founder himself, and required for the greater glory of God. The 
Chaplain to pray for all those whose names may be notified during the life of the 
founder, and after his death, by Matthew de Haydok, his son and heir. The founder's 
heirs to nominate a fit Chaplain, after the death of Humfrey Pindere, who was to 
receive, during the term of his natural life, even if he became infirm and unable to dis- 
charge his duties, a fixed and certain salary, in order that he might be decently sup- 
ported, out of the endowment of the said Chantry, until the impediment should cease. 
If on a vacancy a fit priest was not appointed by the founder's heir within three 
months, the nomination was to lapse to the Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry for the 
time being. Hiis testib' Thorn, de Lathum. William le Botiller. Bob'to de Langton 
militib'. Gilbt. de Southworth. WiU. de Ines. Ada de Pemberton. Simon de Holand et 
aliis. Datu ap'd Haydok die lune p'x ante f'm Nativit. d'ni A r. r. Edw. III. a 
conquest' quarto. (Reg. NortJibwrgh Lichf.) At Haydok on Monday next after the 
Feast of the Nativity in the 6 Edward III. the same Gilbert de Haydock granted to 
Sir Peres de Wynquik, Chaplain, the services of William le fitz, Henry de Haydok, 
Eichard de Caylegh, Bobert le fitz, William de Coldburne, Henry de Haydok, and 
Hugh his brother, Henry fitz Eichard de Brettelond, Eichard del Spaine, Eichard 
Walle, Henry de Bulling, John le fitz John le Smith de Neuton in Makerfeld, and 
Cicilie who was the wife of Henry le Hasty, being free tenants, who held of the said 
Gilbert in Haydok, Warrington, Walton in le Dale, Neuton in Makerfeld, and Bold, and 
also the reversion of one messuage and six acres of land, (Lane. MSS. vol. xxxviii. 
p. 237.) And on Monday in the Feast of the Invention of the Holy Cross 46 Edward 



CFfjautrtes* 7 1 

one chale) poi} . . . viij on) 

I? ij olde vestementes. 

III. at Neuton in Makerfeld William de Wygan Capell. de Wynwyk, conveyed lands 
in Newton to John de Haydok and Joanna his wife, daughter of Sir Thomas de 
Button. (Ibid. p. 228.) On the nth November 18 Edward IV. (1478) Peter Legh 
Knt. granted and conveyed to Thomas Molyneux Esq., John Molyneux clerk, William 
Ireland Esq., Thomas Molyneux sen., Henry Kighley, Thomas Kighley, William 
Molyneux, Thomas Ireland and Peter Ireland, all the lands, messuages, and tenements 
which William Eulshaw held at the will of the donor at Newton in Makerfeld ; and 
also all the messuages, lands, and tenements which Robert Gethskolles held in Fern- 
head, and all the fields in Lawton which Thomas Turner held, and one croft in 
Hyndley. To hold the same in order that all the annual rents and profits arising 
therefrom may be paid to Matthew Fowler, Chaplain, celebrating divine services in 
the chapel of the Holy Trinity in Winwek for the term of his life, and after his death 
to pay all the rents and issues of the same to William Gram', Chaplain, celebrating 
divine services in the chapel aforesaid for the term of his life, and afterwards for all 
their successors being Chaplains, nominated by him (the said Sir Peter Legh) and his 
heirs or assigns, celebrating in the said chapel. These being witnesses : James Stanley, 
Archdeacon of Chester ; Richard Bold, Richard Kighley, Esqrs., and others. Legh 
J2vid. Lane. MSS. vol. xxxviii. p. 523. 

And by deed dated loth January 1538, 30 Henry VIII. "our illustrious Prince 
and on earth supreme head of the English Church" (so described in the deed), Peter 
Legh of Bradley Esq. conveyed to Sir Marmaduke Tunstall Knt., Andrew Barton and 
Richard Holland Esqrs., and William Hatche, Chaplain, messuages, lands, and tene- 
ments in Dalton, of the value of v 11 per annum, that they may, after his death, hold 
the same for seven years next following the day on which he shall die, and out of the 
rents find a fit Chaplain to celebrate for the souls of him the said Peter Legh and of 
his ancestors in the Church of Winwick during the same time. And if the said Peter 
Legh should not in his life time nominate a fit Chaplain to celebrate divine offices for 
his soul his trustees shall make the election, and at the end of the seven years all the 
said lands shall revert and become vested in his right heirs for ever. Ibid. p. 591. 

This Chantry and large estates passed in marriage with Joan, daughter and heiress 
of Sir Gilbert Haydock of Haydock Knt., to Sir Peter Legh Knt. and Banneret, who 
was wounded at Azincourt, in 1415, and dying at Paris in 1422, was buried at Mac- 
clesfield. His relict died in 1439. Their estates in Winwick and elsewhere are now 
held by their descendant W. J. Legh Esq., M.P. 

Incumbents of Holy Trinity Chantry. 

1334 iii. Kal Junii. Peter de Wynquik ad Cantariam in Capella S'c'i Trinitat' de 
Wiuquick nostri dioc. nominat. ordinatam ad quam p' Gilbertum de Haydok 
verum dicti Cantarise patron, nobis p'sentat. existis te admittim' et capellam 
perpet, Canonice instituim. in ead. jure dignitate et honore eccl'iar. nr'a Cov. 



CEtrtrnfomsnt Sirfjl attttfS Greneforth holdyth one mesuage wth landes medowes 

Cental fliiS and pastures therunto belonginge lienge in Newton in 

Makerfeilde rentinge yerlie at the termes of Martynemes and 

Mydsom) equallie ., xiiij 3 

Hugh Barker holdyth one pcell of grounde ther con? 

acr and rentyth yerlie at the said termes equallie viij s 

Hugh Fairecloighe holdyth one litle pcell of grounde ther con? 

acr rentinge yerlie therfore at the said termes viiij d 

The wyff of James Bourdman holdyth one pcell of grounde 
lienge w*hm hir tefite there rentinge yerlie e.? xiiij d 

et Lich. in om'ib^ semper salvus. In cujus &c. Dat. apd. Weryngton iii. kal. 
Junii A 1334. Reg. Northburgh, Lichf. p. 109. 

1358 ii. Id. Apr. Eic. de Heton capell. adm. fuit. ad Cantariam in capella S. 
Trinit. de Wynwek et institut. ad present. Job's de Haydok veri ejusdem Can- 
tarise patroni, vacant, per mort. Will'i de Eokode ult. Capell. Ibid. 
1361 vi. Non. Maise. Badulph. de Wabbley cap. instit. ad Cantar' in capella S. 
Triuit. de Wynwik ad pres. Joh's de Haydok, vac. p. resign. Eic'i de Heton 
ult. cap. Reg. Stretton, Lichf. vol. v. 
1370 vii. calend Apr. Will' de Wygan cap. inst. ad Cantar. in cap. S'c'i Trin. in 

eccles. de Wynwik ad. pres. Joh'is de Haydoke patr. 
1532 Dn's Laurent. Penyngton Capell. conduct, p' Peter Legh Arm. in Cantar' 

ap'd Winwick. Lane. MSS. vol. xxii. 

1547 Dom. Henr. Jonson cur. conduct, p' Galfridu. Legh in capella ib'm. Ibid. 
In 1535 the Subsidy Commissioners for the Deanery of Warrington assessed 
"Winweke, de Cantaria ibidem ex fundacione antecessorum Petri Legh" for 
tenths vi s viii d and for the subsidy vi* s Lane. MSS. vol. xxii. 

2 (Page 69.) In 1548 Laurence Pennyngton was described as aged forty-eight 
years, and a lame man (E. libro B. Duck. Lane.), and in 1553 as late Chantry 
Priest at Winwicke, with a pension of 3^. (Willis's Hist. Mitr. Abb. vol. ii. p. 109. 
See also pp. 68 and 69, notes, ante.) The will of Galfrid Legh Esq., registered at 
York, is too interesting to be omitted here. He was the third son of Sir Peter Legh 
of Lyme, " knight and priest," and had a devise of lands and tenements for life of 
the value of twenty marks a year by his father's will, dated February ist, 1521. 
Lane. MSS. vol. xxxv. p. 443. 

" Apryll 14, 1546. Gowthor Leighe, esquyer, to be buryed in the Trinite chapell 
within the parishe churche of Wynwyke by the lycense of my wyrshipffull nephew Sir 
Perss Leghe knyght and his heires, if it fortne me to dye within xij miles of the sayde 
churche of Wynwik, with suche nomber of black and whyte gownes and cotes with 
tapers and torches lighte as my executors think proper, Also I. will that upon the 



i,ancaa!)(re gantries* 73 

Rauff Lytherland holdyth one tente lienge in the saide towne 
landes niedowes and pastures thereunto belonginge rentinge 
yerlie ... yj s vj d 

Petre Leigh knight for one annuall rent yerlie goinge furth of 
his lande} in Newton aforsayde dewe e.? vj s viij d 

Willyam Turner holdyth one mesuage w*h landes arable me- 
dowes and pastures belongynge to the sain lieng in the said towne 
and ffeildes rentinge yerlie e.t vij s iiij d ob 

same day that my body shalbe buryed, a trentall of masses with the sowle masse of 
requiem and with diriges and commendacions &o. be songe and saide, and v masses of 
the v woundes of our Lorde Jhesu Christ, on masse of the name of Jhesus and another 
of All Seyntes, and that myne executors shall provyde for an honest dynner at my 
howse of Woodcrofte, for my fryndes, gentylmen and preestes the day of my buryall ; 
and that day monethe to be done within the parishe churche of Wynwycke on masse 
of requiem with dirigie and xv other masses &c. My ex rs to bestowe to the porest 
householders in the parisshes of Wegan, Prescot, Leighe, Warryngton and Wynwyke 
2oZ. My wyffe to have 200?. in full recompense of all my goodes &c. and she to have 
yerely towards the kepyng of her howse at Wodcroft all the demayne lauds belongyng 
to the personage of Wynwyk, that is to say, the parke, the dowlache, Eobcrofte, 
Kyrke fielde, Conyngraye, the Myln of Hulm, the tithes of Lawton and of the towne 
of Wynwycke, i.e. the tythe corne hempe and flax. To the buylding and repara- 
cions of Wynwickc churche, apon glasse, leade &c. lol. To the makyng of a gud and 
substanciall pavement for horse and man in the lane betwene Wynwicke towne and 
Hulme's crosse xl s . To the makyng of substanciall brydges of stone at Causaybrydges 
and to rayse up the lone ther(ar)e (sic), with y earth or stone above the water xxx 1 '. 
To every howseholder within the lordship of Wynwick and Hulme 6 s 8 d . I forgyve 
my nephew Syr Peryis Leghe, knyghte, the xx nobles that he ougheth unto me, and I 
gif unto hym on of my best geldings, the best he will chose. To Helen and Elizabeth 
Leghe, doughters to my brother John Legh 40?. each. To William Byrom 30?. To 
Robert Orrell towardes the exibicion and fyndyng his sonnes to scole 20 marks. To 
every godchilde that I have alyve at the font or bysshop 6 s 8 d . To my nephew Syr 
Peryis Leighe, knyght, to remayne at the howse of Bradley, all my harnes mete for 
the warre except the best jacke, on sallet, on payre of splent* or vambrase, w* a 
gorget, to remayne at Wodcroft. Myne ex rs to tayke yerely the hole profiettes 
of Sergeant's laudes to the bryngyng up and fyndyng to scole of Wm. Sergeant 
nowe heire app* to John Sergeant and to the relevyng of his bretheren and systers. 
My wyfe &c. to delyver to my executors all my goodes and substances. My wyr- 
shipfull cosyns and most trustie fryndes Trustram Tyldisley and Andro Barton 
Esquyers executors." Ex. MS. Kev. James Eaine M.A. 

L 



74 Hancasljtve ^antries. 

Thomas Nayler holdyth one tente ther w*h landes arable medowe3 

t pastures therunto belonginge and rentyth yerlie e.t... x s vij d ob. 

The wyff of John Button holdyth one tente w*h thaj&n"nc(; 

rentinge e.S vj s iiij d 

John Bate holdyth one cotage ther xx d and Henry Bate holdyth 
one other cotage ther iii s iiij d in all dewe in the saide termes 

equallie v s 

Snf totall of the Rentall Ixvj 3 viij d 

Reprise} none. 



I 



Cfra u ntrie m tfie r&apell 

Ofytt Dufister 2 f>st Incumbent ther of the ffoundacon of S r 
Thomas Lank ton knight to celebrate ther for the sowlf of 
his founders. 



1 This Chantry, in the Chapel of Newton, anciently called Eokeden, was founded, 
not by Sir Thomas Langton, but by his ancestor Sir Robert Banastre, Lord of the 
fee of Makerfield, who, in February 1284, 13 Edward I., obtained a license from 
Eichard de Wavertree, (who died in the year 1291,) Prior of S l Oswald of Nostell, 
in consequence of his distance from the Mother Church, to have a Chantry here, 
saving all the rights of the Mother Church and empowering the " Vicar" of the 
same, for the time being, to suspend the Chaplain of Eokeden if he should withhold 
the accustomed rights and obventions. (Dodsworth's MSS. cxxxviii. p. 432., and 
ibid, clvii. p. 52.) For this privilege Sir Eobert Banastre gave to God and St. 
Oswald an annuity of xii d towards procuring wax for the light of S* Mary the Vir- 
gin in the Mother Church of Winwick (Ibid. p. 121.)* And on the morrow of the 
Conversion of St. Paul, in the year 1284, "William de Heskayt, Clerk," attested 
at Newton the grant of Eobert Banastre, Lord of Makerfield, to Matthew son of 
Gilbert de Haydok, and his heirs, of lands in the lordship of Newton (Lane. MSS. 
vol. xxxviii. p. 123), so that Heskayt was probably the first Priest appointed j and 

* Even thus of old 

Our ancestors, within the still domain 
Of vast cathedral or conventual church 
Their vigils kept ; where tapers day and night 
On the dim altar burned continually, 
In token that the House was evermore 
Watching to God. Wordsworth's Excursion. 



75 

f) sain chapell is w^in the poch of Wynwyke and distant 
from the sam ij myle 3 . 

U*8t one chale} poi} viij on} plate 

I? ij vestmentf. 

f)0 wyf of Carleton holdyth one tente w% thapp?n"ncc 

lieng in Brotherton rentinge yerlie at the ffeastes of vj s 

Sir Gilbert de Haydok, the founder of tlie Chantry last named (see p. 69), was ad- 
vanced in years when returned to Parliament, 14 Edward II. (1320), by William le 
G-entil', the Sheriff of Lancashire, on his own authority, and without the assent of the 
County. (Baines's Hist. Lane. vol. i. p. 229.) In a charter, dated Newton-in- 
Makerfield, on Tuesday next after the feast of the Invention of the Holy Cross, 5 
Edward II. (1312), the land of "Thomas Gentil', Chaplain," in Newton, and "an 
outlane on the east, called Kirkgate," are named. Lane. MSS. vol. xxxviii. p. 127. 

By charter, dated at Newton-in-Makerfield, on Sunday next after the feast of St. 
James the Apostle, 22 Edward III. (i 349), Agnes, widow of John le Schepherd, granted 
" Dom.Will'o de Eokeden, Capell'o," a messuage, toft, lands, &c. in the vill of "Newton, 
with a kilnested upon the common of the said vill, and all the rights named in the 
' original charter from Sir Eobert Banastre ; and on Monday next after the feast of St. 
Peter ad vincula in the same year, " William de Eokeden, Chaplain," reconveyed the 
same to the said Agnes for life, with remainder to John, son of John le Piper. Wit- 
nesses Gilbert de Haydok, Gilb. de Southworth, John, de la Haye, Eic. le Eeceyvour, 
Eob. de Weryngton, Eic'o de Sutton, et aliis. Ibid. p. 155. 

The Banastre fee passed by marriage with an heiress to the Langtons, and on the 
1 2th December 1405, the Bishop of Lichfield confirmed to Sir Eobert de Langton 
the ecclesiastical privileges originally granted to his ancestor in the Chapel of Eoke- 
den. (Lib. v. fol. 157 in Cur. LicJif. ; Gastrell's Not. Cestr. vol. ii. part ii. pp. 262, 
272, note; Lane. MSS. vol. xxxviii. pp. 113-125.) For the will of Sir Thomas 
Langton Knt. the last Baron of Newton, dated 4 April 1569, see Lane, and Chesh. 
Wills, part ii. p. 246. 

In 1535 the Subsidy Commissioners for the Deanery of Warrington assessed the 
"Cantaria apud Newton" for tenths vi s viii d , and for the subsidy vi s . Lane. MSS. 
vol. xxii. 

2 (Page 74.) In 1548 John Duunester was the Incumbent, and aged forty years 
The chalice was estimated at x ounces, and the ornaments valued at iii s *iiii d . 22. 
lib. It. Duck. Lane. 

On the Dissolution a pension of " $1. is. ^d." was charged on the revenues of the 
Duchy of Lancaster, payable to the Incumbent of Newton in the Willows. Gastrell's 
Not. Cestr. vol. ii. part ii. p. 271. 



7 6 Hattcasfjto Cijantrfes. 

Edward Sandreson holdyth two croftes lienge in Preston in 
Amouudernes xiiij 8 and Thomas Gregson one burgage ther xij s 
in all xxvj 3 

Thomas Langton Knight for one annuall rent goinge furth of 
his lordship of Walton payd yerlie by thandes of his balif 
e.? xxx s iij d 

Rauf Rawlinson holdyth one tefite w% landes arable medowes 
and pastures therunto belonginge lienge in Newton in the countie 

ofLancastre rentiuge yerlie at the said ffeastes viij s 

Sm" totall of the rentall lxx s iij d 

wherof 

Payd to S r Richard Houghton Knight for a rent goinge furth of 
one burgage in Preston in Amoundernes in the tenure of Thomas 

Gregson by yere ij s 

And so remanyth Ixviij 8 iij d 



C&auntrie m t&e er&apdl af ffarntootfc* 3 

<l)antrg ^^^^ tyOttiaS Johnson 4 jpist Incubent ther of the flbundacon of 
the antecessors of John Boulde knight to pray for the 
sowie} of the ffounders. 

3 This Chantry was founded at the east end of the north aisle of Farnworth Chapel 
by Sir John Bold of Bold Knt., whose father Richard Bold was knighted 44 Edward 
III. (1371), and was living at Bold on Friday next after the feast of the Epiphany of 
our Lord 12 Eichard II. (1388), being the first attestor of the grant of Eobert de 
Ditton, Clerk, of all his lands in Bold to Roger de Ditton, which lands and tenements 
he had of the gift of Thomas, son of John de Ditton, and which the said Thomas had 
of the gift of Agnes, daughter of Richard Alvandlegh. (Lane. MSS. vol. xxxviii. 
p. 285.) Sir Richard was probably dead in the 17 Richard II., as on Thursday next 
after the fcast of St. Luke the Evangelist in that year John de Bold Esq. (his son) 
attests in Bold next after Sir John le Botiller of Weryngton Knt. and Peter de Sutton 
Esq. (Ibid. p. 287.) In the 2 Richard II. (1379) John Bold, son and heir apparent 
of Sir Richard de Bold and of his wife Ellen, daughter of Richard Molyneux of 
Sephton, married, first, Emma, daughter of David de Hibernia (Ireland) Esq., by 




Cfjantriea. 77 

sam Chapell is w%in the poch of Priscot and distant from 
the Church iiij or myle} by reason wherof the Infait antes nere 
adioyne coinyth to masse and other divine fuice to the saide 
chapell. 



one. 




sam preist hayth and receyvyth yerlie one annuytie 
or annuall Rente goinge furth of the lordship of Boulde 

by yere iirp 

Snf totall of the rentall iiij 11 

Reprise} none, 



whom he had issue, Richard his successor, John, Helen and Katharine. By a second 
wife he had issue Boniface and Brian, both living 3 Henry IV. (Ibid. vols. iii., xii.) 

In the 6 Henry IV. the King granted his letters patent to Sir John de Bold Knt. 
to impark 500 acres of land for his own use, lying in his manor of Bold within the 
forest of Derby in the county of Lancaster. (Cal. Rot. Pat. p. 249.) And in tho 
10 Henry V. (1422) he was appointed by the King constable of Con way Castle. 
(Fcedera, torn. x. p. 225.) 

The most ancient monument now remaining in this Chapel is a stone effigy of a 
knight in plate armour, his hands clasped in prayer and holding a book, with a 
long sword by his side. The figure, according to the custom of the age when it was 
sculptured, had been richly painted in colours and gilded, but seems to have had no 
inscription. This is supposed to represent the "vera effigies" of the founder of the 
Chantry. (Gent. Mag. vol. xciv. part ii. p. 198.) No presentations of Incumbents 
are recorded at Lichfield. 

In 1535 the Subsidy Commissioners for the Deanery of Warrington assessed the 
" Cantaria apud ffernworth in manibj Eic'i White " [? Bolde] for tenths vii* i d ob. 
and for the subsidy vi s v d q r . (Lane. MSS. vol. xxii.) At the Dissolution a pension 
of 3?. 13*. was charged on the revenues of the Duchy of Lancaster, payable to the 
Incumbent of Farnworth. 

4 (Page 76.) The Chantry Commissioners of 1548 reported that Thomas Johnson 
served the altar, and was of the age of 48 years. (E. lib. S. Duchy Lane.) A few 
years afterwards (6 Eliz.) the Curate of Farnworth was presented to the Bishop, 
" for shriving, and for suffring candells to be burned in y e Chappell upon Candlemas 
daye, accordyng to y e old sup'sticious custom." Lane. MSS. vol. xxii. 



7 8 3Lmt&&bive Chantries* 

&a w rttrie in tfte Cftapell of Sft'u to'fn'n 




i) sam is of the ffoundacon of John Boulde Knight de- 
cessed and now at this day ther is none Incumbent ther 
but at pleso 9 of the lady Boulde so that no ordinance of 
the sam ffoundacon is apparent. 

Cljantrg SSjS! $* sa ^ chapell is wi*hin the poche abouesaid and distant 
0f Stetfxtf %^Ji from the poch churche iij myle} and no preist remanynge 
ther. 6 

5 This Chantry, dedicated to our Saviour, and situated in the Church of Prescot 
(Lib. B. Duch. Lane.) appears to have been founded by Sir John Bold of Bold Knt. 

Amongst certain payments made and rendered in an account, without date, but not 
improbably by the Executors of Sir Henry Bold of Bold Knt., who died temp. Henry 
VII., are the following items, which may have reference to this Chantry or to that 
at Farnworth. " Imprim. solut. d'no Joh' Walton Capell. occupante Cantar. d'ni 
Joh'is Bolde xj g . It' solut' ad obit, d'cti Henr. Bolde xxxvj 8 . It' Capellanis cuil 1 
iiii d xii d . It' ij diacoib^ cuilb^ ij d iiii d . It' thuribulariis cuil* j d ij d . It' vj chorist' 
cuil* j d vj d . It' cleric' vestib'li iiii d . It' sacrist. xii d . It' in oblac'on. iiii d . It' ad 
campan' ii d . It' in potu iii 8 . Sum? a iiii 11 iii s ii d . Lane. MSS. vol. xxxviii. p. 284. 

In 1535 the "Cantaria apud Capellam de Jesu ex fundacione Joh'is Bolde" was 
assessed by the Subsidy Commissioners iiii s for tenths and iii s vii d q r for the subsidy, 
and there was added in the margin " solvit x ma racione fructus." (Lane. MSS. vol. 
xxii.) In 1548 it appeared that " D'n's Edwardus Garnet vivit de stipite." JEx 
arcMv. Cons. Cur. Cestr. 

The Lady Bolde living at the time of this inquisition was the widow of Sir Richard 
Bold Knt. He appears to have had three wives, although two only viz. ist 
Elizabeth, daughter of ... Q-erard of Bryn, and 2ndly Margaret, daughter of William 
Woolfall of Woolfall in Prescot are recorded in the Visit. Lane. 1567. The third 
wife was Jane, daughter of Sir William Molyneux of Sephton Knt., who had no issue 
by her husband. Suffield MS. Bold Ped.; Lane. MSS. vol. iii. pp. 256, 323; vol. xii. 

In 1548 the Chantry Commissioners reported that "no foundation or ordinance 
was apparent," and that there was " none Incumbent, but at the pleasure of the Ladie 
Bolde :" and yet it appeared that the income from " lands and tenements" amounted 
to 40*. ; the ornaments belonging to the Chantry were valued at xx d , and the plate 
was, by estimation, vj ounces. The town and parish of Prescot contained "M I 
(1000) howselynge people." Liber JS. Duch. Lane. 

6 The statement in this paragraph is an error of the commissioners. 




Cfjantrfe*. 79 

ttftt one chale} poi} .................................. ...... vj 03 

one olde vestemente. 



is belonginge to the said Cha u ntrie a yerlie rente of xl s <ntr0foment 
goinge furth of the said lordshipp of Boulde dewe at two 
termes ..................... ........................................ .... xl s 

Sum totall of the rentall ...... xl s 

Keprise} none. 



<s;&a u ntrie to'fn'n tfte Cfraprii of OTgnlrelL 7 




iFroddesh a m preist incumbent ther of the fibun- Cljantrg 
dacon of Thomas Garet Knight to celebrate ther for the 
sowle} of his antecessors. 

sam is w*hin the paroche of Prescott and distant from the Wyvtotlt 
church ij [? v.] myle} and the said preist is remanyng r ^ 

ther and doth celebrate accordinglie. 

one. prate 



7 This Chantry, said to be dedicated to St. Thomas, was in the Chapel of Windle, 
and founded by Sir Thomas Gerard of Bryn Knt. who was living in the 13 Henry 
VI. (1435.) He possessed the distinction of sharing, as his father had done, the con- 
fidence and regard of Henry V., and the public recognized his high military claims 
and bravery in the wars against France. It is either of him, or of his father 3 that Pefe 
Daniel has recorded : "Anno 1437, at the siege of Montereau, where the King of 
France attended in person, the garrison behaved with great valour, having at their 
head an English knight named Thomas Guerard." (Daniel's Hist, of France, vol. vi. 
p. 143 ; Collins.) This Chantry Chapel was of small dimensions, being not more 
than twelve yards in length and about three in width, and the tower scarcely eight 
yards high. Little remains now but the belfry, its luxuriant covering of dark 
ivy still preserving it from destruction. The burial ground, formerly open, is now 
enclosed by a stone wall, and on the south side is a stone cross with three steps. 
Adjoining is a well still called St. Thomas's Well, to which extraordinary virtues are 



8o ILancasfiire 

sam preist hayth and receyvyth yerlie one annuall rent 
antf $Untal ^^ go inge furth of the lordship of Wyndell of iiij 11 xvj s payd at 

two termes equallie iiij 11 xvj s 

Sm" totall of the reutall iiij 11 xvj 8 

Reprise} none. 



Cftantrfe in tlyt p'acftr Cburrft of 



R 



C^antrg *^f^ Ofoerttf Fizacreley 9 preiste incumbent ther of the fibun- 
dacon of John Mowbray to celebrate ther for the sowle} 
of hym and his antecessors. 



ascribed. In 1780 Thomas Barrett, the Manchester antiquary, visited and described 
the ruin, when little more than two centuries had elapsed since 
" The hymn of the Priest was heard the while, 

Sung low in the deep mysterious aisle ;" 

and in Barrett's time, whilst nothing could be ascertained of the founder or the origin 
of the foundation, except that the deserted building was commonly called " the Abbey," 
the whole area had a reputation of great sanctity amongst those of the Eomish faith. 
Barrett's MS. Chetham Library, Manchester; Baines's Hist. Lane. vol. iii. p. 640 j 
Trad, of Lane. vol. i. p. 271. 

In 1535 the Subsidy Commissioners for the Deanery of Warrington assessed the 
"Cantaria apud Wyndill infra paroch. predict. (Pryscotte) ex fundatione Thome 
Gerard de Bryn" for tenths ix s vii d q r and for the subsidy viii s vii d ob. q r . (Lane. 
MSS. vol. xxii.) And in 1548 Edward the Sixth's Chantry Commissioners reported 
that " upon the examynacon of this foundation of Sir Thomas Q-erard, Knighte, to 
celebrate for the souls of his auncestors for ever, it coulde not appere that any lands 
were assured for thentent aboue said, but that the some of iiii 11 was paid to the fynd- 
inge of a Pryest there goynge owt of the lands of the ffbunder lyenge in the lordeship 
of Wyndle." (Ex libro B. Duck. Lane.) The annual income of Richard Frods- 
ham, aged fifty-four years, and the Incumbent there, was 5?. Ibid. 

9 This Chantry, within the Parish Church of Walton-on-the-Hill, was founded, not 
by John Mowbray, as here stated, but by Mr. John Molyneux, Clerk, Rector of the 
Parish, and a man of " proud patrician descent." He was the third surviving son 
of Sir Richard Molyneux of Sephton, who was knighted at Agincourt and killed 
at the Battle of Blore Heath (Holinshed's CJiron. p. 649 j Lane. MSS. vol. iii.) by 
his second wife Joan, the daughter and wealthy heiress of Sir Gilbert Haydock of 
Haydock Knt., and the relict of Sir Peter Legh of Bradley and Lyme Knt. (Lane. 
MSS. vols. xii., xxxviii. p. 539). He was born, according to computation, about 



Cfjantrtes, 8 1 

same is within the poche churche of Walton and the 2KUalt0tt 
sam preiste doth this day celebrate ther for the sowle} of 
his ffounders. 

the year 1428, and, although the nephew of Dr. Adam Molyneux, Bishop of Chi- 
cheater and the Lord Keeper, does not appear to have held preferment iu his diocese. 
In 1458 he was one of the Proctors of the "University of Oxford (Le Neve, Hardy, 
vol. iii. p. 683) ; and on the nth November, i8th Edward IV. (1478), he was 
Hector of Walton and a feofiee of Sir Peter Legh of lands in Newton-in-Makerfield 
and elsewhere, along with Thomas Molyneux Esq., (John Molyneux, Clerk,) William 
Ireland Esq., Thomas Molyneux senior, Henry and Thomas Kighley, William 
Molyneux, and Thomas and Peter Ireland, for the use of the Chantry Priests 
celebrating divine service in the Chapel of the Holy Trinity in Winwick Church. 
(Lane. MSS. vol. xxxviii. p. 523 ; see Winwick.') He was admitted Prebendary of 
Pipa Parva in Lichfield Cathedral March i7th 1480-1, being succeeded in his stall by 
Mr. Eichard Delves (see p. 64 ante) on the 27th March 1485 (Le Neve, Hardy) ; 
and the following very interesting and highly graphic " account of the expences att 
the bryngyng furth of Mr. Doct. Mullineux, rendered 15 November 1485," appears to 
refer to him. " Impr. p d to the Quest, for brekyng of y e ground in y e Quear accord- 
yng to y e ould custom iii* iiii d . It. to the sacrystan for hys fee ii s . It. to eu'ry p'iste 
on y e day of his berying iv d each, xxiiii d . It. to the belrynger and y e bedemen ii s . It. 
to ij prestes at Waltun and Sefeton xii d each. It. for hys dirige and masse vi" viii d . 
It. for vi torches echeon ii 11 p r y e I 1 ij 9 , s'm e xii s . It. vi tap" echeon vi d , s'm a iii s . It. to 
pore peple ev. man woman and chyld y e day of his berying j d , xxiiii 8 vii d . It. to the 
freres from Weryugton and for y e frerys torches xiii s ii d . It. in gray fryse for gownys 
and hodes for pore men xx s . It. for makyng of vi gownys and hodes, s'm a ii s vi d . It. 
for hys offeryng ii s . It. for brede at his dirige iiii d . It. for ale boght at his dirige ix d . 
It. in vino empto ii s iiii d . It. for spyces iiii d . It. for on ox and to y e bochyer for sleyng 
hit x s iii d . It. to y e coke f 1 Chest r xii d . It. expens. at y e dyner for my maist rs tenants 
att Seffton vi s viii d . It. p d to maist r Mullineux for the p'batt of y e test'ment iii 8 It 
p d for his obit fro' y e day of hys berying unto y e moneth mynde eche day to ev'ry 
p'ist iiii d , C to ev'ry subdecon echeon ii d , s'm a xxviii". It. to Thomas Coup' for expens 
when he went to Haghton xviii" iiii d . It. to ryding to Lichf d hys costs as by his byll 
vi" v d . It. to his curat vi s viii d . S'm a to' expens. of hys berynge ix 11 ix s v d ." (Lane. 
MSS. vol. xxxviii. p. 540.) He entailed lands on his youngest brother Thomas Moly- 
neux of Haughton in the county of Notts, on condition that he and his heirs should 
pay xl* yearly to a Priest to minister at this Altar. (Ex libro JB. Duck. Lane.) This 
brother was one of the Privy Council of Edward VI., and for his valour in Scotland 
was made a knight banneret by Eichard Duke of Gloucester at Berwick in 1482. In 
that year he rebuilt the Church of Haughton, and dying in 1490 (6 Henry VII.) was 
buried in the north aisle of the chancel there. By his second wife he had two distin- 
guished sons. Sir Edmund Molyneux the elder son, named here as a guardian of the 

M 



82 SLancaslnre ftantrtes* 

one* 



Aughton holdyth one terite w*h thapj)tn a anc lienge 
^ iSIS i n Netherton in the countie of Lancastre rentinge yerlie by 
thaudes of Edmude Mulleneux ftant in the lawe as gardiane of the 
heire of John Mulleneux at two termes equallie .................. xl 8 

Snf totall of the rentall ...... xl s 

Reprise) none. 



C&antrie at t&e alter of >agnt ioiw 
[to] t&e Cfcapell [of afberpool]. 10 

Iflfyn Hurde jJiste 11 incumbent ther of the ffoundacon of John 
Liverpole to celebrate ther for the sowle} of his antecessors 
and of the noinacon of the Mayre and burgesej of the sayde 
towne of Lyverpole. 

founder's heir and Serjeant at Law, became one of the Justices of the Common Pleas 
4 Edward YL, and died in 1553. His other son was Anthony Molyneux D.D. Eector 
of Sefton and Walton in the county of Lancaster, and of Tring in the county of Herts, 
"a famous preacher." He rebuilt Sefton Church, built houses for schools in the church- 
yard there, and also the great " wall about Magdalen College, Oxford." (Fuller's Wor- 
thies, yol. ii. p. 212 ; see also Wotton's Baronetage, vol. i. p. 149.) He was a greater 
benefactor to Sefton than to Walton, to the latter of which he was presented by Sir 
William Molyneux Knt. 27th July, 34 Henry YIIL, on the death of Mr. Eiehard 
Gweiit. He was instituted by Bishop Bird 4th August 1543, and dying in 1557 was 
succeeded by another Anthony Molyneux M.A., instituted on the 6th September on 
the nomination of Sir Eichard Molyneux Knt. Lane. MSB. vol. iii. p. 323. 

I n J 535 the Subsidy Commissioners for the Deanery of Warrington assessed the 
" Cantaria apud Walton ex fund' Joh'is Mollenex " v s iiii d for tenths and iiii ix d 
ob. q r for the subsidy. Lane. MSS. vol. xxii. 

9 (Page 80.) In 1548 Eobert ffyzacreley, aged fifty-six, was Incumbent of Molyneux's 
Altar (E. lilro . Duch. Lane.); and in 1553 a pension of il. 145. was paid by the 
Crown to Eobert ffitzaccrely, Incumbent there. Willis's Hist. Mitr. All. vol. ii. 
p. 107. 

10 This Chantry, dedicated to St. John (the Evangelist or Baptist ?) within the 



gantries, 83 

sam is in the chapell of Lyverpole w%m the poche of &t. 
Walton and the sam preist doth singe and celebrate ther ^antrg 
accordinge to the statute} of his ffoundacon and the said chapell is 
distant from the poch church iiij or myle}. 

I? the sain towne of Lyverpole is one haven towne hauinge a 
grete nombre of Inhitantes in the same and also grete concurse of 
strangers bothe by lande and see wherfor of [necessity ?] the sam 
chapell and preist convenyent for the sam requayreth to be had. 

tf8t one chale5 poi} by esf... viij 03 Plate antr 

H ij vestements. ********* 

It j supaltare. 

K one Masse boke. 

Chapel of St. Nicholas of Liverpool, was founded by John de Liverpool, probably a 
burgess in parliament for West Derby 19 Edward II. 1326. (G-astrelPs Not. Cestr. 
vol. ii. part ii. p. 191 note.) The local name is not of frequent occurrence. At 
Walton, on Thursday next after the feast of St. Martin the Bishop, in winter, 16 
Edward III. 1343, William de Stonbriglegh, William de Lyuerpull, and Richard de 
Walton de Lyuerpull, witness the grant and devise of Symon de Walton, to Gilbert 
de Walton of lands in Walton, with remainder to William, eldest son of the said 
Gilbert, and to his right heirs for ever. (Lane. MSS. vol. xxxviii. p. 254.) John 
Duke of Lancaster, in the tenth year of his duchy A.D. 1361, granted a lease to Adam, 
son of William de Lyverpul ; and another, of the town, the mills, the rents, and 
services, the passage of the Mersey, and the turbary of Toxteth. In the reign of 
Edward III. this William de Lyverpull was several times mayor of his native town. 
(Baines, vol. iv. pp. 6 1, 63, 123.) There are no presentations of Incumbents to this 
Chantry at Lichfield. In 1535 the Subsidy Commissioners for the Deanery of War- 
rington assessed the " Cantaria apud Leuerpole ex fundatione Joh'is Leuerpole" for 
tenths vii s iiii d , and for the subsidy vi s vii d q'. Lane. MSS. vol xxii. 

In 1548 the Chantry Commissioners report that "the towne of Lyverpol 
is one haven towne, havynge iiii ml howselynge people, and also great concurse of 
strangers both by lande and see, and is distante from the p'ishe Churche of Walton 
iiii myles." E. lib. JB. Duch. Lane. 

11 (Page 82.) John Hurde was the Incumbent in 1548, and aged 50 years; the 
Chantry ornaments were valued at lx d and the plate estimated at viii ounces. Ibid. 
For another account of this plate see p. 21 ante. 

The value of the endowment, as stated by Baines, vol. iv. p. 95, materially differs 
from the report of these Commissioners. 




84 

fjomas Vergose holdyth one burgage lienge in the said 
towne of lyupole in the countie of Lancastr rentinge xxv s 
Gilfote Coke one burgage xvj s ij d George Lee one cotage iij s 
Alexandre Garnet one cotage iij s Roberte Aspes one cotage iiij 3 
Richard Rose one burgage xxiiij 3 John Corbet one burgage vj s 
Thomas Farelove one burgage vij s ij d Rofote Nyxson one cotage 
ij s Adam Danby one cotage iij s ij d Ux Crosse for rent goinge 
furth of hir burgage xij d Ux Moore for suche like vj d Thomas 
Rose iij d Richard Butle xviij d John Denton xiiij d Nycholas 
Abraham xiiij d Roger Walker ix d John Browne x d and Ny- 
cholas Thompson for a burgage iiij s v d in all dewe at the feastes 

of Cv s j d 

Snf totall of the rentall Cv s j d 

?|irte^ Reprise} none. 



C&a u ntrie at tt)t alter 
Whin t&e safo 

ttmfrag Crosse 13 pist Incumbent ther of the ffoundacon 
of John Crosse to celebrate ther for the sowle} of his said 
founder and his heires and to do one yerlie obbet and to 

12 This Chantry, dedicated to St. Katharine, within the Chapel of Liverpool, was 
founded in accordance with the will of Mr. John Crosse, dated i5th May, 1515. 
(G-astrell's Not. Cestr. vol. ii. part ii. p. 191.) The founder was descended from 
Eichard del Crosse, Mayor of Liverpool in 1409, and was the son of Richard Crosse 
of Liverpool and of his first wife Elizabeth, daughter and coheiress of Roger Walton 
of Walton and Adlington, succeeding to the family inheritance on the death of 
his eldest brother Roger Crosse, who died issueless 22nd April 1522, and being 
at that time "aged 40 years," and in holy orders. He had several Church pre- 
ferments, viz. the Eectory of White Eooding in the county of Middlesex, to which 
he was instituted 22ud May 1525, and which he vacated by death in 1532. 
(Newcourt's Eepert, vol. ii. p. 500.) The Eectories of St. Nicholas en le Flethe, 
London, of Moulsoe in Bucks, and of Turvey in Beds. (Burke's Landed Gentry) were 
probably held by him at various periods of his life, and not simultaneously. In 1535 




3Lattcasf)tre Chantries. 85 

distribute at the sam iij s iiij d to poore people and also the Incum- 
bentf herof by ther ffoundacon are bounden to teache and kepe 
one gram! skoile to take ther advantage of skolers savinge those 
that beryth the names of Crosse and poore children. 

fie sam is at the alter of Saynt Katherine w*hin the chapell &t. 2 

_ . <T) . . T . ,. , , ritw'ti C 

of lyupole in the poche of Walton distante from the poche #$ 

church iiij or myle} and at this day the said Incumbent doth cele- 
brate distribute and teache accordinge to his said ffoundacon. 





one chale} poi} byes? , ij om Plate antf 

.. Vitiwrt* 

It ij olde vestmentf. 

one masse boke. 
K one supaltar. 14 

sam preist and his felowe} have one Manner howse (flhrtrnfomart 
lienge in the saide towne of lyupole w% one gardyn ad- 
ioyninge worth by yere xx 15 

the Subsidy Commissioners for the Deanery of Warrington assessed " Cantaria apud 
Leverpole, ex fundatione Joh'is Crosse," for tenths ix s vi d q', and for the subsidy viii 8 
v iii. (Lane. MSS. vol. xxii.) In 1548, ist Edward VI. the Chantry Commissioners 
reported that the foundation was " to celebrate for the soule of John Crosse and to 
do one yerely obit, and to distribute at the same iii s iiii d to pore people, and also kepe 
a skole of grammar fre for all children beariuge the name of Crosse, and pore children, 
w ch is not observed accordinglie." In 1673 Blome described the Free School at 
Liverpool as " a great piece of antiquity, formerly a Chapel." See note in The 
Moore Rental, p. 24, where for Edward VI. read Henry VIII. 

The founder's family is now represented by Mr. Legh of Adlington in the county of 
Chester. 

13 (Page 84). In 1548 Humfrye Crosse the Incumbent was aged 50 years, the howse 
linge people belonging to the said Chappell (of St. Nicholas) numbered iiii ml : the 
Chantry ornaments were valued at iii s and the plate by estimation xii ounces. 
"E. lib. B. Duchy Lane. 

14 The slab laid upon the stone altar, with five crosses incised upon it. 

15 This item is omitted in the summing up of the rental, but is added to the total 
sum, and appears to be xx d . 



86 tUncaaftto Chantries, 



Thomas Highnough holdyth one burgage ther xxxij 8 viij d one 
annuall rent payde furthe of the custome house ther v s Willyam 
Davydson one burgage v s Richarde Rayneford one burgage 
xxiij 8 the same Richarde one little burgage x s Thomas Mossok 
for a rente payde yerlie furth of his howse ij s John More and 
Roberte Haye one pcell of land con? one acr ij s x d Richard Mosse 
one Rige of land arable xiiij d Robert Aspes one Rige xvj d and 
George Wate for rente payde furthe of two Riges of his ther ij d 
and the rente of ij burgages in decaye xj s in all by yere dewe 
at the termes of the Annunciacon of o 9 lady and Mighelmas 
equallie ................................... ... ............... iiij 11 xiiij 8 ij d 

Snf totall of the rentall ...... iiij 11 xv s x d 

Reprises none. 



&a u ntrie at t&e 6136 alter to'ftfn tfte 
aforesaid chattel!, 16 




flttf Hawerte 17 preiste Incumbente ther of the ffoundacon 
-^ of Henrye late Duke of Lancastre to celebrate ther for 
the sowl 63 of his antecessors. 

16 This Chantry of St. Mary at the High Altar in the Chapel of St. Nicholas, in 
Liverpool, was founded by Henry Plantagenet only son of Henry, Earl of Lancaster, 
son of Edmund, Earl of Lancaster, the second son of King Henry III. In the nth 
of Edward III. (1337), having distinguished himself by his military bravery, he was 
created Earl of Derby. He had a chief command at the siege of Calais, and his great 
victories in France, as well as his patriotism, courage, and virtue, raised his fame to 
the highest degree. At this time he was Earl of Lancaster, Derby, Leicester, Gris- 
mond, and Ferrers, and Steward of England. His retinue consisted of 800 men at 
arms and 2,000 archers with thirty banners, and he spent one hundred pounds daily 
in hospitality. In 1349 he was created Earl of Lincoln, and in 1351 was one of the 
founders of the Most Noble Order of the Garter : but the crowning event of his 
prosperous life was the special grant of the Dukedom of Lancaster, to which dignity 
he was raised in full Parliament in the year 1352, and invested with power to have a 
Chancery in the County of Lancaster, and to enjoy all other liberties and royalties 



3Lara&J)(re tyantrfes. 87 

sam is at the high alter in the said chapell w^in the 
poche biforsaide and in dista u nce from the sam iiij or myle} 
the sam Incumbent is ther celebrating accordinglie. 

appertaining to a County Palatine, in as ample a manner as the Earls of Chester en- 
joyed them in their Palatinate. In 1354 he built the Collegiate Church, in honour of 
the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin, of the Castle at Leicester. The Statutes for 
its regulation were completed in April 1 355, in the presence of Brother William of 
Cloum, Abbot of the Monastery of St. Mary de Pratis, Sir Henry de Walton, Arch- 
deacon of Richmond and Lieutenant of the Duchy of Lancaster, and others. He en- 
dowed it munificently with various manors, and settled an annual rent charge of i,oooZ. 
on the Dean and Canons if they should be disturbed in the possession of his grant. He 
also endowed the Abbot and Convent of Whalley with lands, woods, and tenements, 
to maintain two recluses, with two women to attend them, in a house in the Church- 
yard of Whalley, who were to pray for his soul and for the souls of his ancestors and 
heirs. The Abbey was also to provide a Chaplain and his clerk to sing daily mass in 
the Chapel belonging to the recluses. Cokersand and Furness Abbies and the religious 
houses of Lancashire generally were benefited by his munificence. He was a great 
churchman, but did not, like his son-in-law, John of Gaunt, embrace the enlightened 
views of Wycliffe, and therefore the clergy supported his popularity, and always styled 
him " the good Duke." The close of his career was as brilliant as the opening, and 
as he lived the greatest subject of England, so he died the first actor in one of the 
most illustrious periods of English History, on the 24 March, 1361. He espoused 
Isabella, daughter of Henry, Lord Beaumont, and left two daughters, his coheiresses, 
Maud, of Bavaria, who died issueless in 1362, and Blanche, the first wife of John of 
Gaunt, created in consequence of his auspicious marriage, Duke of Lancaster. The 
Duchess died in 1369, and was the mother of Henry IV. The will of Henry "the 
good Duke," was written in French and dated at the Castle of Leicester 15 March, 
1360-1, and it is noticeable that neither of his daughters are named in it. He left his 
body to be buried in the Collegiate Church of the Annunciation of oui Lady at Lei- 
cester on that side of the high altar " where the body of our Lord and Father, whom 
God pardon (que Dieu assoile) is interred. Item we will that our body be not buried 
for three weeks after the departure of our soul (and yet he died of the Plague !), and 
also we will that our Lord the King (to whom he was third cousin), my Lady the 
Queen, be invited to our funeral; and Monsieur the Prince, and my Lords his 
Brothers, my wife Lady Isabell, our sisters, and our brothers, their Lords, and other 
distinguished persons of our blood, and we appoint the Eev. Father in God John, 
Bishop of Lincoln, the honourable man of holy religion William, Abbot of Leicester, 
and others (named) our executors." Proved 3 kal. April 1361, at Leicester, and in 
London 7 ides May following. Thompson's Hist. Leicester, p. 127; Whitaker's 
Hist. Whalley, p. 76; Testam. Vetmta, vol. i. p. 64; Baines' Hist. Lane. vol. i. 
p. 334; Whalley Couch. STc. vol. ii. p. 363 et seq.; Beltz's Order of the G art., p. 19. 



88 

plate atrtr SKill *M* ^ or so moc ^ e as the said |!ste doth celebrate w% the 
$fe4tm*nt# chale3 and other ornamentf pteyninge to the Infritantf of 

the sain towne. 

^ntrntMtnenl IJjjfjt flfW Corbet holdyth one burgage lienge in the saide towne 
Cental SiSi vj s vj d Thomas Seckom one burgage v s James Haughton 
j burgage vij s vj d Gilbert Coke one burgage vij s Wiftm Stones 
one burgage xxiiij 8 v d Eoger Nelson one burgage xvj s viij d Tho- 
mas Johnson j burgage iiij d Nycholas Abralfm one cotage v s xj d 
James Olyu one cotage iiij 3 Eic Eosse one cotage iij s Eauf 
Balle for a rente furth of his house vj d Xpofer Hogge for suche 
like xiiij d TJx Thompson one cotage iiij s ij d Thomas ffareclough 
for a rente viij d Eobert" Nycholson for such like xij d Eauf 
Willme xiiij d George Wate xij d Nycholas Thompson xij d 
Eichard Mosse viij d The sam Eichard for ij sande riges xvj d 

On the 14 December, 1459, an Indulgence of forty days was granted to the Chapel 
of Liverpool by John, Bishop of Lichfield, viz. to the penitents confessed and con- 
trite who shall expend bequeath give or in any way assign charitable offerings to the 
constitution edification reparation or reformation of the Chapel of Blessed Mary 
within the Cemetery Chapel of the town of Lyverpool commonly called " the Chapel 
of Saint Marie of the Key" standing and being in honour of the said Marie the Yirgin, 
and from a devotional feeling contribute to the sustentation of a mass chaplain to 
celebrate for the faithful departed in the same, and to contribute of their goods to 
him and to God or in any other way afford proofs of their love, whether by contri- 
buting any ornaments to the said Chapel or any lights before the image of the said 
V. Marie in her honour within the said Chapel. The names of the benefactors to 
be devoutly mentioned whenever mass was said and power was given to the Eector 
and Vicar of the Parish of Walton for the time being to celebrate masses and divine 
service in the said Chapel. Eeg. Hales, Lichf., p. 124. 

There are no presentations of Liverpool Incumbents recorded at Lichfield. In 
1535 the subsidy commissioners for the Deanery of Warrington assessed the " Cantaria 
apud Lyverpoole ex fundatione Henrici quondam Ducis Lancastrise," for tenths ix" 
vi d q r and for the subsidy viii 8 vii d . (Lane. MSS., vol. xxii.) 

17 (Page 86). In 1548, Bafe Hawarde, aged fifty years, was Incumbent of the 
High Altar within St. Nicholas' Chapel, Liverpool (_Z?. lib. JB. Duchy Lane.), and in 
1553, Ralph Hawgwarde, Chantry Priest of Walton, had a pension of 5^. Willis' 
Hist. Mitr. All., vol. ii. p. 107. In 1590 one of the windows in Liverpool Church, 



<f)antries* 89 

The Erie of Derby for a rente goinge furthe of his landes ther 
iij s iiij d John More for suche like ix s xj d and theires of Crosse 
for suche lyke vj in all dewe at the ffeastes Cxv 8 xj d 

Snf totall of the rentall Cxv 8 xj d 

wherof 
Payde to o 9 Soueigne lorde the Kinge to thandes of his balif of 

Derbie for cheif rent ij s iij d 

And so remanyth Cxiij 8 viij d 



CJje Cft*untrie at tfte alter 
totym t&e stem 



R 



ffrodesham preste incumbent ther of the ffounda- (Pjantrg 
con of John somlym Duke of Lancaster to celebrate ther 
for the sowle} of him and his antecessors. 



contained the arms of Plantagenet, viz. gules three lions passant gardant, or, a label 
of three points, sable (Harl. MS. 2129, fo. 186 ; Baines), which may probably be 
attributed to Henry Duke of Lancaster, who bore the arms of England, differenced 
by a label of three points, azure, each charged by three fleurs de lis, or; whilst the 
arms borne by John of Gaunt were, quarterly Castile and Leon, impaling quarterly, 
France and England, differenced by a label of three points, ermine. Beltz's Memor. 
of the Order of the Garter, pp. 25, 136. 

18 This Chantry, dedicated to St. Nicholas, was founded in the Chapel of Liverpool 
by John of Gaunt, fourth son of King Edward III. He was born on Midsummer 
Day in the year 1340, created Earl of Eichmond in 1342, and advanced by his father 
to the dukedom of Lancaster in 1363. (Strickland's Queens of England, vol. ii. p. 
312.) This Chantry was probably founded shortly after the year 1369, on the sudden 
death of the Lady Blanche, his first wife, the great coheiress of his relative, Henry 
"the good Duke" of Lancaster. She was carried off by pestilence when scarcely 
twenty-seven years of age, and was buried in St. Paul's Cathedral, her husband long 
bemoaning his loss, and retaining deep affection for her memory. Her personal 
appearance, beauty, and accomplishments are all described by Chaucer, who had con- 
stant opportunities of noticing them. He says : 

" I saw her dance so comely 
Carol and sing so swetely 

N 



90 

$rf)0-- S^f ff$ sa ^ i i n the sa ide chapell w*hm thafforsaide poch and 
Cijantrg j|||{ the pist remanynge and celebratinge ther accordinge to his 
ffoundacon. 

And laugh and play so womanly 
And loken so debonairely 
So godely speke and so frendely 
That certe I trow that never more 
N'as sene so blissful a tresore 
For every here on her hed 
The sothe to say, it was not red 
Ne neither yelowe ne browne it n'as 
Methought moste like to gold it was." 

Throughout the poem the poet depicts his heroine in the most glowing colours, 
and says of her disposition : 

" Therewith she loved so well right 
She wrong do woulden to no wight 
No wight ne might do her no shame 
She loved so well her owne name." 

Prince John himself composed songs in her praise " to kepe himselfe fro ydlenesse," 
and, when in his eighteenth year, wrote the following lines on his " lady love :" 
" Lorde it maketh mine herte light 
When I thinke on that swete wight 
That is so semely on to se 
And wish to God it might so be 
That she wolde holde me for her knight 
My ladye that's so fair and bright." 

The prince experienced a repulse, and felt the deepest affliction for a year, so that 
he had no need 

" Never a day to seek for sorrow, 

He found it readily every morrow." 

However his devoted attachment terminated happily, and he married his beautiful 
relative at Reading in Berkshire in 1359. See The Book of the Duchess, or Chaucer's 
Dream; Godwin's Life of Chaucer ; Thompson's History of Leicester. 

In 1372 the Duke married, secondly, Constance, elder daughter and coheiress of 
Peter the Cruel, King of Castile and Leon. He was also created a Knight of the 
Garter, and was one of the executors of Edward III. During the minority of his 
nephew, Richard II., he was in the administration of the affairs of the nation, but 
aspired to be sole regent. In his latter years he incurred the displeasure of the King, 
and retired from the court, being distinguished as the patron of Wycliffe. On the 
1 3th January 1396, the Duke married Katherine Swinford, the sister of Chaucer's 
wife, to whom he had been for many years illicitly attached ; and so great was the 
estimation in which she was held at court that their four children were publicly 



91 

one chale} poi} by esE x on} Plate antr 

H ij vestemente. Wtmn 

K one masse Boke. 
I one sup alt are. 

legitimatized by the parliament 20 Eichard II. In October 1398 his eldest son Henry 
Earl of Hereford (afterwards Henry IV.) was banished from England, an event which 
filled the measure of the Duke's unhappiness. Shakspeare represents him at this 
critical juncture as "aged gaunt," remonstrating with Richard II., and saying : 
" Within me grief hath kept a tedious fast j 

And who abstains from meat that is not gaunt ? 

For sleeping England long time have I watch'd ; 

Watching breeds leanness, leanness is all gaunt ; 

The pleasure that some Fathers feed upon, 

Is my strict fast, I mean my children *s looks ; 

And therein fasting, hast thou made me gaunt ; 

Graunt am I for the grave, gaunt as a grave 

Whose hollow womb inherits nought but bones." 

K. Richard II. act ii. sc. i. 

He died at Ely House in Holborn, overwhelmed with sorrow and afflicted with 
bodily disease, in February 1399, aged 58 years ; and his honoured dust was laid in 
St. Paul's, " near the principal altar, beside his most dear late wife Blanch." His will 
was dated February 3, 1397, and he desired chauntries and obits to be founded for the 
souls of his late dear wives Blanch and Constance. A Chantry was founded in the 
Collegiate Church of the Newark at Leicester, opposite to his tomb, in which masses 
were said for his soul, and for the soul of the Lady Constance. Sir John Ley- 
bourne, his receiver-general, and Thomas de Langley, his dear clerk (afterwards 
Cardinal Bishop of Durham and Chancellor of England), were two of the executors 
of his will ; and they as well as his " dear Squire Thomas de Eadclyf," one of his 
trustees, were Lancashire men. Nichols' Royal Wills, p. 145, abridged in Testam. 
Vetusta, vol. i. p. 140. 

The precise date of the foundation of his Chantry at Liverpool has not been 
discovered, but on the 3rd ides of February 1361, in the second year of Bishop 
Stretton's consecration, his lordship issued a commission to dedicate (consecrate ?) 
the Chapel of St. Nicholas of Lytherpole in the parish of Walton, and to appoint 
a cemetery in Lytherpole, to continue as long as the Yicar of Walton pleased ; and 
this was done at the request " of our beloved son in Christ Master Richard de 
Wynwyck," at that time Rector of the Church of Walton, and on condition that 
the rights of the mother church were not thereby diminished. (Reg. Stretton y 
lAchf. p. 45.) And on the 3rd ides of September 1361, Robert Bishop of Lichfield, 
of his special grace granted to the Burgesses of the vill of Litherpole, during the 



9 2 

entrnfement Ottl More holdyth one litle burgage xix d the wyff of 

&S3S?* an ^ Crosse for such like xviij d James Haughton one terite w*h 

thap^tn"ncf ther in the said towne of lyverpole xxxiiij 8 vij d 

plague, a licence for burying their dead in the Cemetery of the Chapel of St. Nicholas 
of Litherpole, the mother church to sustain thereby no loss. Ibid. p. 44. 

As this Chantry was returned in 1535 as " ex fundatione Heurici et Johannis nuper 
Duces Lancastrise" (Lane. MSS. vol. xxii.), and the Chantry founded by " the good 
Duke Henry" is returned separately, it appears that popular opinion regarded the 
two dukes as the co-founders of St. Nicholas' Chantry. It was assessed for tenths 
vii s vii d q' and for the subsidy vi* iiii d q'. (Ibid.) At the dissolution a pension of 
4.1. 175. $d. was charged on the Revenues of the Duchy of Lancaster, and payable to 
the Incumbent of Liverpool. Baines' Hist. Lane. vol. i, p. 180. 

The Chantry intended to be founded in the Church of Walton on the Hill by John 
Fayrfax, Rector of Fresco t, seems to have had no permanent endowment. By will 
dated 7th and proved i5th June 1393, this opulent ecclesiastic bequeathed his body 
to be buried in the Church of Walton ; and after various bequests to that church, he 
proceeds : " Item lego cuidam Altari in corpore dictse ecclesia3, ex parte boriali, in 
honore Sancti Johannis Evangelistse facto, ubi propono ordinare Cantariam perpetuam, 
unum missale, usus Ebor. unum vestimentum integrum de blueto stragulato, videlicet 
, unam casulam, iii albas, ii tuniculas cum stolis, phanonis, et siugulis, et aliis perti- 
nentibus, et unam capam ejusdem sectaB. Et unum aliud vestimentum rubeum, 
videlicet unam casulam j albam cum amic' stola, cingulo et phanone, et calice 

deaurato Residuum vero omnium bonorum meorum superius non 

legatorum do et lego executoribus meis supradictis, ut inde disponant prout eis melius 
videbitur pro anima mea expedire." It is not improbable that the testator's funeral 
expenses had swallowed up the residue, as six oxen, twenty sheep, six quarters of 
wheat and ten of malt were ordered to be provided for the dinner, by his sister 
Margaret Fayrfax, the Frioress of Munkton, Sir Thomas Gerard knight, and his other 
executors, and all comers were to be welcome ; so that nothing would be left for the 
Chantry. Test. Ebor. part i. p. 186, Surtees Soc. 

We have a glimpse of the state of public feeling on church matters in Liverpool 
shortly after the dissolution of the Chantries in the following presentment, as well 
as in the adjudication upon it : 

"July 26, 1564. Before the Reverend father in God William (Downham) Bishop 
of Chester and his Vicar, appeared Master Vane Thomasson, Curate of Leverpole, and 
John Femb'ton, Warden of the same, and the Bishop enjoined that they and th'other 
Churchwarden shall charge the people that they use noe beades, and that the Cur* 
mynister the Sacraments and Sacramentalls according to the Boke of Com' on praier, 
and that the Churchward' at the costes of the p'ishioners do p'vide a paraphrese of 
Erasmus before the feste of All Saints, and that they shall abolish and utterlie extir- 
pate all man' of Idolatrie and Sup'sti'on out of their said church imedyately, and yf 



93 

Thomas Johnson one burgage xix s John Hurst one cotage iiij 3 
Richard Raynford one cotage vj s viij d Eoger Walker one burgage 
iiij 3 Bicharde Walker one cotage vj s viij d Alexander Garnet one 
cotage iij s iiij d Thomas [sic] for a rent viij d Nycholas Thompson 
for a rent iij d Edwarde Hogge one cotage vj s viij d Gilberte 
Hogge one burgage fi 1 Alexandre GardyS one cotage iiij 3 x d 
Hugh Doll one cotage iiij 8 Hugh Brodheide one cotage iiij 8 
Johan Mosse one cotage xviij d Arthur Gorsuch for a rente xiiij d 
IlS Oliu for like rent xij d Elezabeth Male xij d Roger Haye xx d 
Wiitm Potter one cotage iij s Issabell Fynlawe for one cotage ij s 
Agnes Whiteheide xvj d and Thomas Allerton one cotage iiij 8 in 

all by yeare dewe at the said ffeastes Cxiiij 8 v d 

Sin" totall of the Rentall Cxiiij 8 v d 

Reprise} none. 



f) a untrie of ttoa prefetes; m tfre 
p'orb cfturrt) of 



KobtVtt Standiche and Wiftm Preistcot preistes Incum- Cfjantrg 
bentf ther of the ffoundacon of John Wynwyke to cele- * 
brate ther for the soule} of him and his antecessors and 
to make one yerlie obbet for his sowle. 

anie p'son or p'sons use beades after monic'on given that then imediatelye they 
(the Churchwardens) certifye to us the names of such p'sons so offendinge sub poena 
juris" E. lib. Correct 1 , apud Cestr. 

19 There were two Chantries in the Church of Huyton, the first, dedicated to the 
B. Virgin Mary, was founded by John de Winwick, clerk, one of the most active and 
distinguished churchmen of his day, and a native of North Lancashire. He was 
Chaplain to King Edward III., Warden of the Chapel of Clitheroe Castle, Eector of 
Wigan, and Treasurer of York Minster (Raine's MS. Fasti Eborac.) and also held stalls 
at Lichfield, Salisbury, Wells and Chichester. (Le Neve, Hardy, vol. ii. p. 116.) 
He was likewise Prebendary of the Prebend of All Saints in Hun gate in the Cathedral 
of Lincoln, zist December 1347, which he exchanged for the Mastership of St. 



94 

dhtr Eatfg'g 5PStf 5* sa ^ i g a ^ ^ e a ^ er ^ 9 ^ a( fy w*hin the poch church of 
Hyton both the said preistes are remanynge and doth cele- 
brate ther accordinge to ther ffoundacon. 

Thomas' Hospital, Marlboro', with Henry de Blackburn. (Hid. vol. ii. p. 99.) 
On November 27, 1342, he occurs as Deputy-constable of the Tower of London, (Foe- 
dera, vol. ii. p. 1215.) On June 20, 1345, he had letters of protection to go abroad 
with the King. (Hid. vol. iii. p. 48.) On the 28th June 1351, he was made one of 
the commissioners to meet at Newcastle-on-Tyne to treat for peace with Scotland. 
(Ibid. vol. iii. p. 225.) In July, 1352, the Dean and Chapter of York sent him to the 
King to announce Archbishop Zouche's death, and to obtain his license to enable 
them to elect the Archbishop's successor. On April 2, 1357, and January 30, 1358, 
being then Treasurer of York, he was sent to parliament as one of the representatives 
of the Chapter, and in the month of October, 1359, ^ e occurs as Keeper of the King's 
Privy Seal. (Ibid. vol. iii. 452; Eaine's MS. Fasti Eborac.) There was something 
inauspicious connected with his presentation to the Parsonage of Wigan by Edward 
III. On the 4th ides (i2th) March 1349, he obtained a commission for institu- 
tion from Eoger Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry, but he found that the patronage 
was disputed, and that the crown had a powerful claimant in Sir Robert de Langton 
knight, in right of marriage with the heiress of the Banastres, Barons of New- 
ton, who had long been seized of the advowson, and had exercised the right of 
patronage, now infringed by the crown. During the litigation which ensued the 
Eectory was held for John de Winwick by Henry de Chaddesden Canon of 
Lichfield.* (Reg. Northburg^ Lichf. vol. v.) On the 2oth February, 24 Edward 
III. 1350, the king, by his letters to the Bishop, stated that he had esta- 
blished his right to the patronage of the Eectory against Sir Eobert de Langton, and 
that the verdict was on record. (Ibid.) The king again nominated his " beloved 
Clerk, John de Wynwyk," to the benefice, and commanded the Bishop to grant 
institution ; but the Bishop did not obey the royal fiat, and letters patent for Win- 
wick's institution were afterwards obtained, dated Windsor 26th April, 24 Edward 
III. 1351 (Q-astrell's Not. Cestr. vol. iii. part ii. p. 243 note), and he was ultimately 
canonically instituted. This legal decision was afterwards reversed, and the Lang- 

* VeneraMlis vir Magister Henricus de Chaddesden, legum Doctor, was, like his friend John de Winwick, 
a notorious pluralist. He was Archdeacon of Lincoln and Leicester, Canon of Lichfield, and Prebendary 
of St. Paul's, London, and of Lincoln. He founded a Chantry in the Chapel of Chaddesden, in the diocese 
of Lichfield, on the 3rd ides September 1347, in honour of the B. V. M., the Chaplain to pray for the soul of 
King Edward III. when he shall depart this life; for the souls of the said Master Henry de Chaddesden, of 
Richard and Agnes, his father and mother ; and of all his ancestors souls ; for the souls of Nicholas de 
Chaddesden, Archdeacon of Lincoln and Prebendary of Lichfield and Lincoln, his uncle; of Cecilia his 
sister ; of Geoffrey de Chaddesden his brother ; of William de Horsham, late Abbot of Dale ; of Sir Henry 
de Lande, Chaplain ; and for the souls of his relatives, parishioners, friends and benefactors, living or dead. 
The feoffees of his lands were Richard and Geoffrey de Chaddesden, Clerks. (Reg. Northburgh, Lichf.) 
He ob. 8th May 1354, and was buried in St. Paul's Cathedral, London. On the v nones May 1309 Dom. 
Richard de Chaddesden, presbyter, was collated to the Vicarage of Whalley, in the county of Lancaster, by 
Bishop Roger Langton, per lapse, who mentions the zeal, activity and devotedness of his nominee. Reg. 
Langton, Lichf, 



Cfjantrtes* 95 

one chale} poi} by est viij on} 19Iate antr 

,,, . 

It two vestmentf . 

It one masse boke. 
I? ij alter clothe}. 

tons' right confirmed, a Grant and Confirmation of the Advowson of Wygan Church 
being issued from the Court of the Duchy in the year 1356, and also letters of pro- 
tection granted to various persons whilst with the Duke of Lancaster in the king's 
service in Brittany. (Baines' Hist. Lane. vol. i. p. 346.) In the year 1358 John 
de Winwick complained in the Duchy Court against certain of his parishioners, who 
were styled "malefactors," because they resisted his bailiffs in the performance of 
their duties within his manor of Wigau ; and the duke issued his mandate to the 
sheriff and justices to investigate the charges. (Ibid. p. 347.) On the 6th ides 
(loth) July 1359 the Kectory was vacated by his death. On January 11/1360, his 
executors were summoned before the Chapter at York to make reparation for the 
loss of the great bell belonging to the Minster, which had fallen down and was broken 
through the neglect of Winwick and his officers. As Treasurer he was bound to 
take the charge of it, and the imputation of negligence implies that he had been 
frequently absent from the post of duty. Eaine's MS. Fasti Eborac. 

The second Chantry, dedicated to St. Michael the Archangel, was founded by 
Richard de Winwick, Clerk, nephew of the king's Chaplain. It is probable that 
in early life he was connected with the Priory of Burscough (here mis-spelt Bris- 
toy), as the appropriation of the Kectory of Huyton was acquired by that house from 
Robert de Latham in the twelfth century, and a Vicarage ordained in the year 1277, 
(Lane. MSS. vol. xi. p. 232, E. Lib. Couch. Burscoffk, fo. 67, DucJi. Lane.), and the 
Prior and Convent presented to the vicarage until the dissolution of their house. 
He was presented to the Rectory of Walton on the Hill by the Abbot and Con- 
vent of St. Peter of Salop, and on the i8th kal. February 1356 the Bishop of Lich- 
field granted him a dispensation as Rector of Walton and a Subdeacon only, to absent 
himself- from 'his parish for one year to pursue his studies. (Reg. Northlurgh, 
Lichf., p. 15.) And on 8th kal. February 1357 he obtained a renewal of his dispen- 
sation for two years to study, and to receive the fruits of the Church of Walton, but 
to make due provision for the Cure. (Hid) In the 36 Edw. III. 1362, he gave to 
the Provost and Scholars of Oriel College, Oxford, the advowson of the Church of Rad- 
clyffe super Soar, for the support of certain poor scholars. -(Col. Inq. ad quod Damn. 
p. 333.) Richard de Winwiek succeeded Henry de Blackburn after the year 1 374 in the 
Prebend of Langford Ecclesia in Lincoln Cathedral, which he exchanged for North 
Kelsey i7th June 1377. (Le Neve, Hardy, vol. ii. p. 197.) He exercised the 
patronage of his uncle's Chantry at Huyton in the years 1384 and 1391, and dying in 
1405 was buried in Lincoln Cathedral. (Ibid.) After his death his kinsman Mr. 
William Winwyck, Clerk, presented to the Chantry founded by the Rector of 
Wigan at Huyton. He exchanged the Wardenship of Sturbridge Hospital, near 



96 

said two preistes haue and receyvyth yerlie one annuytie 
or annuall rent goynge furth of the possessions of the late 

Cambridge, for the Prebend of Grefcton in Lincoln Cathedral in 1407, and in the same 
year exchanged his stall for the Eectory of Dereham in Norfolk. Ibid. vol. ii. p. 152. 

These Chantries, before the 15 Henry VI. had become vested in the family of 
Assheton of Croston, probably by descent from Pemberton and Wiuwick, which con- 
tinued to exercise the patronage for nearly a century. In the beginning of the 
sixteenth century Thomas Assheton Esq. instituted legal proceedings in the Duchy 
Court against Thomas Hesketh Esq. and others, as feoffees, for tortuous posses- 
sion of " the Chantry," and advowson of Huyton Church ; and having recovered his 
right, probably to both Chantries, died seized of the same 21 Henry VIII. 1530. 
Inq. post. mort. 

In 1535 the Subsidy Commissioners for the Deanery of Warrington assessed at 
Huyton, " de duabus Cantar' ib'm ex fundatione Joh'is Winweke," for tenths xxiii 8 
iiii d , and for the subsidy xxj*. Lane. MSS. vol. xxii. 

At Bishop Bird's Visitation "Call" in 1547 it is probable that there were two 
other Chantry Priests here, viz., "D'n's Thomas Eobinson ex stipendio Uxoris et 
relictse P'cevalli harington et aliorum," and "D'n's homfridus plumpton Conduct, 
pro thoma' torboke armig'um." The Haringtons of Huyton Hey were relatives 
of the Asshetons. The widow of Percival Harington Esq. was Ann, only daughter 
of Henry Norres of Speke Esq., and her son John Harington of Huyton Hey 
married Alice, daughter of Thomas Torbock Esq. (Lane. MSS. vol. xii. ; Orme- 
rod's Miscell. Palat.) In 1548 Eobert Standishe, aged 57, and William Prescott, 
aged 64, were the Incumbents of the Winwick Chantries, as stated in the text, and 
the town and parish of Huyton contained "Howselinge people v*." JE. lib. JB. 
Duck. Lane. 

A.D. CantaristcB de Huyton. 

1383 in fest. expectat' be. V. Marie WilPmus de Sallow capell. admissus fuit ad 
Cantaria' pro anima bonse memorise Joh'is de Wynwick p'b'r in ecclesia de 
Huyton fundatam. Reg. Stretton Lichf. 

1384 x Mali. Eobert de Boton presb r admissus fuit ad Cantariam pro anima bo. 
mem. d'ni Joh'is de Wynwyk in ecclesia paroch. de Huyton de novo fundat' 
et ordinat', et instituit' in eadem ad presentationem Mag'ri Eic'i de Wynwyck 
Canon' Ecclesise Cathedral, de Lincoln, verum ejusdem secund' Cantar' 
patronum refundat'. Et idem instit. jurat obedientiam et de observando 
ordinationis ejus ; et mandat Thome o'th' Bonke capell. de inducendo. 
Ibid. p. 95. 

1391 Oct. 15. Henr. Holbrok p'b'r ad Cantar' de Huyton per resign. Willi' Sellow 

ad present. Mag'ri Eic'i de Wynwick Canon Eccl'sie de Lincoln. Reg. Scrope^ 

Lick. 
1409 prid. Cal. Febr. D'n's Thorn, de Legh adm. ad Cant. B. V. Marie in eccles > 

de Huyton per mort. Hen. Holbrok vac', ad pres. Mag' Willi' Winwyck. Reg, 

SowgMll, Lichf. 



Cfjantrtes* 97 

priory of Bristoy payd by thandes of the receyvor ther for the 
tyme beinge by virtewe of one decree to them mayde furth of the 
Duchie Chamber the terme of Hillarye a xxix regni regis nunc 

Henr viij vi by yere dewe at two termes xiij 11 vj s viij d 

Sm a totall of the rentall xiij 11 vj s viij d 

Reprise} noiie. 

1423 4 August D'n's Eich. Tyreham cap. adm. ad Cant, in eccles. de Huyton vac. 

p. mort. Tho. de Lee ult. Capell. ad pres. Hugh de Pemberton Esq. Meg. 

Heyworth, Lickf. 
1436 vi Apr. D'n's Bog' Tyrehare p'b'r ad Cantar' perpet. in eccles. de Huyton 

vac. per mort. Thorn. Cosyn, ad pres. D'n'i Willi' Assheton Milit. ver. patr'. 

Ibid' 

1443 4 Junii. D'n's Joh'es de Kyrkby adm. ad Cantar' de Huyton ad pres. D'ni 
Willi' Asheton Milit. Ibid. 

1444 21 Sep. D'n's Joh'es de Lathum p'b'r ad Cantar' in eccl'ia de Huyton fundat' 
per Mag'r' Eic' de Wynwick cler. per resign' D'ni Eogeri Tyrehare ult. Capell. 
ad pres. D'ni Willi' Assheton Milit. veru' patron, ejusd. et observand. ordinat* 
ejus jurat'. At maxstoke. Ibid. 

1454 20 Febr. D'n's Joh'es Hulme p'b'r ad Cantar' in eccl'a de Huyton per 
resign. D'ni Joh'is Lathum ult. Incumb. ad pres. D'ni Willi' Asheton Milit. 
Reg. Haulers, Liclif. 

1486 17 Jan. Joh's ilaworth Capell. ad Cantar' be. Michael de Hyton per mort. 
Joh's Kyrkby ad pres. Thomse Asheton de Croston. Reg. Hales, Lickf. 

1489 July 29. John Lathum to the Chantry of Huyton vac. by the death of 
John Holme, Capell. Instituted in the person of Eichard Egerton his proc- 
tor. Patron, Thomas Asheton of Croston, Esq. Ibid. 

1517 Dec. 1 6. D'n's Will. Prescot ad Cantar. perpet. in eccles. de Huyton per 
mort. Joh'is Lathum ult. Inc. ad present. Thorn. Assheton Arm. Reg. Blythe t 
LicTif. 

1530 Aug. 14. D'n's Humph. Hart ad Cantar. de Huyton per mort. Georg. Hill 
ult. Incumb. Patrons, Sir William Molyneux Kt. and Eichard Standish Esq. 
by virtue of a grant of the advowson to them by Thomas Assheton Esq. Ibid. 

1531 Oct. 31. Eobt. Standish Cap. ad. Cant, perpet. ad altarem B. V. M. in 
eccles. de Hyton per mort. Humphr. Hart ad pres. Alex. Standish fil. et her. 
Ead'i Standish, Eoger Ashaw, Laurence Ashaw, John Wryghtyngton fil. et her. 
Thorn. Wryghtyngton, Alexand. Catterall, Will'i Mawdesley et Eadulphi 
Woodward, patron' hac vice, p' fleoffm. Thomse Ashton nuper de Croston, Arm'. 
Ibid. 

1532-3. D'n's Thomas Eobynson Capell. de Huyton ex stipendio uxoris relicti 
Percivalli Haryngton ar' et aliorum. Lane. MS8. vol. xxii. 

O 



98 

Cfce C6a u ntrte m tfee $'ocft Cfturtf) of 



(9 



^ ^ Plombe preist 21 incumbent ther of the foundacon 

of Thomas Norres to celebrate ther for the sowle} of the 



saide founder and his antecessors. 



20 This Chantry, dedicated to St. Thomas a Becket, was founded in the Parish 
Church of Childwall by Thomas Norres of Speke Esq., eldest son of William Norres 
of the same Esq., and of his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Sir James Harrington knight 
(marr. cov. dated i Henry V.) In the year 1446, 24 Henry VI., he is styled " son 
and heir apparent" of his father in the covenants made on his marriage with Lettice, 
daughter and heiress of Thomas Norres, of the first line of Norres of West Derby. 
According to his post mortem inquisition, taken at Lancaster zgth April 1503, 18 
Henry VII., he died in the year 1487, 3 Henry VII., seized of the manor of Speke 
and of lands &c. in Eormby and Derby, his eldest son, Sir William Norres, being aged 
28 years at the time of his father's death. (Ormerod's Miscell. Palat. p. 28.) On 
the nth November 1496 he was a party, along with the Prior and Convent of St. 
Thomas the Martyr of Holland, to the presentation of Mr. John Merton, Chaplain, 
to the Eectory of Childwall, then vacant by the death of Eichard Day, L.B. (Lane. 
MSS. vol. xxii.) On the 2nd May 1504 Henry Hill, Capell., was instituted to the 
Chantry of St. Thomas the Martyr, of Childwall, on the presentation of Sir William 
Norres knight, vacant by the death of ....... Holme, the last Incumbent. (Reg. 

Ulythe, LicJif.) The following memorial inscriptions, from "the storied windows 
richly dight" of Childwall Church, and which existed in the year 1563, relate to the 
founder and the immediate members of his family. Harl. MS. 1997, 88 b. ; 
Miscell. Pal. p. 45. 

"Orate pro bono statu et animabus Willielmi Norres Armigeri, et Elizabethe 
uxoris sue, et omnium propinquorum suorum, (qui) hanc fenestram fieri fecerunt ; 
ac specialiter pro Thoma Norres Armigero, Ricardo, Eoberto, Willielmo presbitero, 
Johaune, Edmundo, Henrico, Christophero, Elizabetha, Alice, Margareta, Beatrice, 
Agnete, Katrina, quorum animabus propitietur Deus." 

" OKANDTJM est devote pro statu et animabus Thome Norrys Armigeri, et Leticie 
uxoris sue, qui hanc fenestram fieri fecerunt, et puerorum suorum, videlicet, Willielmi, 
Thome, Jacobi, Christopheri, Eicardi, Edmundi, Elizabethe, Johanne, Elizabethe, 
Beatricis, et Alicie, quorum animabus propicietur Deus." 

In 1535 the Subsidy Commissioners for the Deanery of Warrington assessed the 
" Cantaria apud Childwal ex fundacione Thome Norres," for tenths vi s viii d ob. q', 
and for the subsidy vi s ob. q', (Lane. MSS. vol. xxii.) On Sunday next after the 
feast of S. Matthew the Apostle (September) 1542, Bishop Bird ordained, amongst 
the priests at Chester, Dorn. John Eathbone, then a Deacon of the Diocese, " on the 



3Lanc<i3f)(rc Cfjantrtea* 99 

sam is at the alter of Saynt Thomas w*hin the poch 
church of Childewall the sam preist doth celebrate ther C1 & antrfi 
accordinge to his ffoundacon. 

for he doth celebrate ther w*h the ornament^ of the 
said poch church. 

Pendletou holdyth one mesuage w% thapj!n a nc lienge 
in grete Wolton xviij 8 and James Plombe holdyth one 
mesuage ther viij s viij d in all dewe at the ffeastf of Mydsom! and 

M 9 tynemes xxvj 3 viijd 

Thomas Whitefeilde holdyth one mesuage w f h thapjJtnncf 

lienge in (rarston rentinge yerlie at the said ffeast equallie xvj s 

Wiftm Pendleton holdyth one mesuage w% thapj&n"ncC lienge 

in Halewode xij s vij d and the wyff of Robert Plombe one teiite w*h 

thapptn"ncC x s in all dewe at the said ffeastes xxij 8 vij d 

Thomas Home for a rente goinge furth of his landes lieiige in 
Wartre by yere xx d and Davyd Lake for like rent goinge furth of 

his landes ther iiij d in all dewe at the ffeast of ij 3 

Snf totall of the rentall lxvij s iij d 

Reprise} none. 

title of Mr. William Norres of Speke knight." (Lib. Ordinat. apud Cestr.) At the 
same Bishop's Visitation of his Diocese in 1547 there appeared at Childwall : 

" D'n's Kic'us Grreves ex stipendio Ric'i Greves* Yic." 

"D'n's Xpoferus Irlonde, ex stipendio Thome Irlonde." 

"D'n's Will'mus Norres (brother of the founder of the Chantry) ex stipendio 
WilPmi Norres." 

"D'n's Eic'us Haliwell conduct' p' Will'mi Norres." Lib. Visit, in Cur. Cestr. 

21 (Page 98.) In 1548 Thomas Plumbe, aged 60 years, was the priest of St. Thomas' 
altar, and the Chantry Commissioners stated that the "towne and p'ishe" of Childwall 
contained " vj c howselinge people." Lib. B. Duck. Lane. 

In 1553 Thomas Plum'e, Chantry Priest of Childwall, had a pension of $1. 6s. 
Willis's Hist. Mitr. All. vol. ii. p. 107. 

* 13th October 1514, Dom. Robert Greves was presented to the Vicarage of Childwall by the Prior and 
Convent of Holland, on the resignation of the last Incumbent. Reg, Blythe, Lichf. 



ioo Hancaainre Ctyantrtes 



Cfte <6a u ntrie at tfte alter of JMarp 

t&e 'art) r&urrfie of rms&trfee . 22 



Cfjantrg T^^ 0Q?** Shawe preist 23 incumbent ther of the ffoundacon of 
P e * er Gterarde to celebrate ther for the sowle} of hym and 
his antecessors. 




* s a ^ ^ e a ^ er f Mary Magdalene Tallin the poche 
churche of Ormskyrke and the said preist doth celebrate 
ther accordinge to his flbundacon. 

32 This Chantry, dedicated to St. Mary Magdalene, was founded in the Parish 
Church of Ormskirk by Peter Gerard, son and heir apparent of Sir Thomas Gerard 
of Bryn knight, the head of one of the most chivalrous houses in the county, by his 
wife Dulcia, daughter of Sir Thomas Assheton of Assheton-under-Lyne. (Lane. MSS. 
vols. iii. and xii.) Peter Gerard died in his father's lifetime, on the igth June 1492, 
haying married Margaret, sole daughter of Sir William Stanley of Hooton knight, by 
his first wife Margaret, daughter and heiress of Sir John Bromley knight, by whom 
he had issue Sir Thomas Gerard, the heir and successor of his grandfather. Ibid. 

Although Peter Gerard founded this Chantry at Ormskirk, where he had property 
and probably dwelt, he was buried at Winwick, where his family had a Chantry 
Chapel, which having no permanent foundation is unnoticed by any of the Koyal 
Commissioners. The following inscription on brass was placed over his remains at 
Winwick : 

" Here lieth Peers Gerard Esquyer sone and heire of Thomas Gerard knyghte of 
the Bryue whych maried Margaret daughter to William Stanley of Hoton knyghte 
and one of the heires of John Bromley knyghte whych died the xix daie of June the 
yere of our lorde M.CCCCLXXXXII, on whose sowle God haue mercy. Amen." 

i4th May 1497, d'n's Kic. Bolton capell. ad cantar. S. Marie Magdal. in eccl'ia de 
Ormeschurch p' a'i'a Petri Gerard arm. fundat. ad pres. D'ni Thome Gerard milit. 
vac. p' resign, ult. Incumb. Reg. Arundel, Lichf. 

Would the last Incumbent be Eichard Gerard, ordained a secular priest at Lichfield, 
"ad titulum patrimonii, Thome Gerard armig." 7 Junii 1460 ? Reg. Hales, Lichf. 

In 1535 the Subsidy Commissioners for the Deanery of Warrington assessed the 
" Cantaria ap'd Ormeskirk ex fundacione Petri Gerard," for tenths iiii s vii d and for 
the subsidy iiii s i d ob. Lane. MSS. vol. xxii. 

23 In 1548 Eoger Shaw, aged 50 years, was the Incumbent, and the town of 
Ormskirk contained according to the Commissioners, " howselinge people iii ml vi c " 
(3600). ^. Lib. B. Duch. Lane. 



Hattcasfjtre #f)antrtes. i o i 

Ottf. 



Mathewe holdyth one mesuage w*h thapptn"nc 
lienge in fformebye rentinge yerlie at the ffeastes of mltyne- 

mes and Pentecoste equallie xvj s 

Henrie Hesket holdyth one tefite w*h thapp?n"ncf lyenge in 
Aughton xxiiij 8 the wyff of Thrustane Modye one cotage iij a and 
the wyff of Edmude Webster one cotage iiij 3 [? iii s ] in all by yere 

dewe e.? xxx 8 

Sm totall of the rentall xlvj 8 

Reprise3 none. 

Cfte Cfta u ntrft at tfte alter of o 9 lafcp of petie 
to'fn'n t&e saft ri)urri;e* 24 

tttttftag Jakson preiste 25 incumbent ther of the ffoundacon 

of Thomas Atherton of Bike r stath to celebrate ther for the ^ rie ** 

sowle} of hym and his antecessors. 

24 This Chantry, dedicated to " our Ladie of pitie," the B. Virgin Mary, within the 
Church of Ormskirk, was founded by Thomas Atherton of Bickerstaffe Esq., who 
died 7 Henry YIII. (Inq. post, mori.), and who charged certain lands with a 
payment of iiii 11 xiii s iiii d for a priest to celebrate here for the souls of himself and 
his ancestors, but covenanted with his trustees that if his heirs failed to pay the 
said annuity to the priest of his Chantry, the lands should descend to others named, to 
the like intent ; and if they failed, then to the right heirs of the founder, to the like 
intent j " which profits, rents and issues as farr as we can understand is thole p'fitts 
of the lande put in feoffm 1 and as also it shulde appere by the declarac'on of thuse 
therof." (Lib. S. DucTi. Lane.) The founder was the son and heir of Henry, and 
grandson of Nicholas Atherton, whose mother was Jane, daughter and heiress of 
Adam de Bickerstaffe, living 50 Edward III. Henry de Bickerstaffe, the father of 
Adam, was knight of the shire of Lancaster A.D. 1339, J 3 Edward III. (Baines* Hist. 
Lane, vol. i. p. 302), and frequently occurs as an attesting witness, and in public 
commissions during that reign. Nicholas Atherton, the grandfather of the founder 
of this Chantry, was the eldest son of a distinguished sire bearing both his names, who 
was the son of Sir William Atherton of Atherton, knight of the shire of Lancaster 




102 

Cfjantre of /g||J fje sam is at the alter of o 9 lady of petye w%in tlie poche 
0f |8ttg fptll biforsaid and the sam preiste doth singe and celebrate 
ther accordinglie. 

47 Edward III. 1374, and of his wife Joati, daughter of Sir William Moberley knight. 
He was of Bickerstaffe ^'wre uxoris, and his son and heir Nicholas, like several mem- 
bers of his family, was returned knight of the shire 2 Henry IY. (Baines, vol. i. p. 
314), and dying 19 Henry VI. 1440, left a son Henry, aged nine years, his successor. 
{Lane. MSS. vols. iii. p. 252, xii. ; Baines, vol. i. p. 307.) In the year 1516, on the 
death of Thomas, the son and heir of Henry, the last named head of the house, his 
manor of Bickerstaffe and other extensive estates in Lancashire passed with his sole 
daughter and heiress Margaret, aged 30 years at the taking of her father's P. M. I. in 

7 Henry VIII., to her husband James Scarisbrick, second son of Scarisbrick 

of Scarisbrick, the representative of an ancient and influential family. Elizabeth 
Scarisbrick, an only daughter, was the issue of the marriage, and she conveyed the es- 
tate "by distaff," to Peter Stanley Esq., second son of Sir William Stanley of Hooton 
knight. (Harl. MS. 1549, fo. 143 b. : Add. MS. 12477, fo. 31. See also his will, 
proved at Chester 7th August 1592, Lane, and Chesh. Wills, part ii. p. 282.) Mar- 
garet, daughter of Peter Stanley of Bickerstaffe and Moor Hall Esq., the sole heiress 
of her mother Elizabeth Scarisbrick, of her grandmother Margaret Atherton, and heir 
general of the Bickerstaffes, conveyed her large estates in marriage 26th September 
1563 to Henry Stanley Esq., son of Sir James Stanley of Cross Hall knight, brother 
of Thomas second Earl of Derby. (Ibid.) Henry Stanley Esq. made his will 
aoth July 1598, and was buried "in the Atherton Chapel" in Ormskirk Church 23rd 
July 1598 (Lane, and Chesh. Wills, part ii. p. 95), and an elaborate account of the 
order of his magnificent funeral is preserved in the Lane. MSS. from the original at 
Worden Hall in the hand writing of his kinsman and executor, William ffarington 
Esq., Comptroller of the Households of Edward and Henry, Earls of Derby. He 
was the father of Sir Edward Stanley, the first baronet, and the direct male ancestor 
of the now Earl of Derby, Baron Stanley of Bickerstaffe K.G-. &c. In 1535 the Sub- 
sidy Commissioners for the Deanery of Warrington assessed the "Cantaria apud 
Ormeskirk ex fundacione Thome Atherton," for tenths ix 8 iiii d and for the subsidy 
viii* v d . Lane. MSS. vol. xxii. 

25 (Page 101.) Edward the Sixth's Chantry Commissioners returned Humfraye 
Jackson as Incumbent of this altar, aged 54 years, having the clear yearly revenue of 
his Chantry, and no other living. (Lib. B. Duch. Lane.) At Bishop Bird's 
visitation in 1547, "Dom. Homfridus Jacson" was a Chaplain at Ormskirk, but his 
altar is not named (Lane. MSS. vol. xxii.) ; and in 1553 a pension of 3?. 185. was 
paid to "Humphrey Jackson, Priest of St. Peter's Chantry, Ormskirk" (Willis's 
Hist. Mitr. Abb. vol. ii. p. 108), and not of the Chantry of "our Ladie of Pitie." 
The Chantry Priests appear to have been very migratory, and sometimes, as in this 
instance, it is not easy to fix their altars with precision. As Jackson was still a Clerk 
at Ormskirk in 1562, and answered Bishop Downham's visitation " Call" in that year, 




Cfjantrtea. 103 

one. 



said preist hayth and receyvyth yerlie one annuall rente 
goinge furth of all the landes of theires of the said Thomas 
lienge in Aughton Bikerstath and Sutton w*hin the countie of 
Lancaster at two termes in the yere that is to say at M 9 tynemes 
and Witsonday equallie .............. , .................... , iiij 11 xiij s iiij d 

Snf totall of the Rentall ...... iiij 11 xiij 8 iiij d 

Reprise} none. 



Cfje &autrie at t&e alter of o 9 lalrp totyw 
ti)t sam p'orf) 



P 



Priscot preiste 27 incumbent ther of the ffoundacon o 
therle of Derbie to celebrate ther for the sowle} of him 
and his antecessors. 



he had conformed and remained as Curate (Lane. MSS. vol. xxii.); so that the petition 
of the parishioners in 1550 to the king, " to enlarge the Yicar's wages," and which 
obtained an augmentation of loL a year (Harl. MS. 352, fo. 91 a; Baines) enabled 
him to have a Curate. We may charitably hope that, like Cowley, Jackson was, 
" With decent poverty content, 
His hours of ease not idly spent, 
To fortune's goods a foe profess'd, 
And, hating wealth, by all caress'd." 

On the 1 7th June 1544, in the Cathedral Church of Chester, at a special Ordination 
held there by Bishop Bird, that prelate ordained "Dom. John Raynford an Acolyte 
and Subdeacon, on the title of Mr. Peter Standley, Esquyer," of the same diocese j 
and in the following year, on the same nomination, he was ordained both Deacon 
and Priest. (Lib. Or din. apud Cestr.) 

At the same Bishop's visitation " Call" in 1547, the following answered from 
" Ormiskyrk :" Dom. Jacobus Shurlacurs ex stipendio Elisei Ambrose Yic. 
Dom. Joh'es Doland Conduct' p' Petru Standleye Arm'. 
Dom. Eic'us Cropp' ex stipendio dicti Petri. 
Dom. Joh'es Blestones ex stipendio Jacobi Standleye. 

(Lib. Visitat. in Cur. Cestr.) 
26 This Chantry, dedicated to St. Peter, in the Church of Ormskirk, was founded in his 



104 3Lancagf)tre (Efjantws* 

Cfjantrg of (jPjj^f ^* sa * s a * *^ e a ^ er ^ 9 ^ a( ty w^in tlie poch church of 
tir&acfg Igs^fJ Ormskirke and the sain preiste doth celebrate ther accord- 
inge to his ffbundacon. 

lifetime by Thomas second Lord Stanley and first Earl of Derby K.G., Lord Steward 
of the Household of Edward IV. His first wife was Cousin-german of the king, 
being the Lady Eleanor, sister of the great Earl of Warwick. He afterwards became the 
husband of Margaret Beaufort, mother of Henry VII., and died in 1504. It seems more 
than probable that this Chantry was founded on the death of his gallant son George, 
Lord Strange K.G., returned knight of the shire of Lancaster, along with Sir James 
Harington, 17 Edward IV. 1477, who died 5th December 1497 at Derby House in 
London (now the Heralds' College), and was buried near his mother, the Lady 
Eleanor, in the Church of St. James Garlick-hithe. He had summons to Parliament 
by the title of Lord Strange jure uxoris 22 Edward IV., and to the time of his death, 
having married Jane, daughter and heir of John Lord Strange of Knokyn, by 
Jacquetta his wife, daughter of Eichard Wydevile Earl Eivers, and one of the seven 
coheiresses of her brother Eichard, third and last Earl Eivers (of that line), her eldest 
sister being Elizabeth, Queen of Edward IV. Lady Strange died 2oth March 1513-14. 
In one of the windows at Worden Hall (formerly at fiarington) there is a singular 
heraldic badge borne by Sir George Stanley Lord Strange. On very thick glass, the 
glazing being of the time of Henry VII., is the Eagle's Gamb or, charged with a 
Lion passant, argent. This instance of the bearing is supposed to be unique. The 
Eagle's claw of the Torboks was long recognized as a Stanley badge, but the Lion 
was not charged upon it, nor in any way associated with it. The arms of Strange 
of Knokyn were, gules, two Lions passant, argent ; and a crest, ascribed to the Strange 
of Knokyn line, on a Chapeau, gules, turned up ermine, a Lion statant, argent. 
The single Lion passant, argent, was obviously an addition for Strange to the ancient 
Stanley badge, and had been assumed during his lifetime by George Lord Strange, 
as the glazing bears unquestionable marks of antiquity. Inf. T. W. King Esq., 
F.S.A., York Herald. 

This Chantry, or another at the same altar, in 1548 was attributed to " Thomas 
Earl of Derby, Hamlet Atherton and others," but the share of each in the founda- 
tion, or in the separate foundations, is not recorded. Lib. B. Duch. Lane. Hamnet 
Atherton was a scion of the house of Bickerstafle in Ormskirk, who has escaped the 
notice of the genealogists. He was a member of the great household of Thomas first 
Earl of Derby, and probably the Comptroller. In 1535 the Subsidy Commissioners 
for the Deanery of Warrington assessed the " Cantaria in ecclesia de Ormeskirke, ex 
fundacione Comity Derbie, Hamleti Atherton et aliorum," for tenths vii s v d q' and for 
the subsidy vi s viii d ob. Lanc.MSS. vol. xxii. 

At Bishop Bird's visitation in 1547 "D'n's William Standley and D'n's William 
Eogerson" were " Conducts pro Comite de Derbie," at Ormskirk. (Hid.) On 
January 24, 1553-4, Mr. William Eogerson was presented to the Eectory of Ashton- 
under-Lyne by Sir Thomas Stanley Knt., son of Edward Earl of Derby, pro hac vice, 



Cfjantrfes. 105 



Ufif) Martyndale holdyth one wyndmylle standing in Augh- 

ton rentinge yerlie at M 9 tynems and Pentecoste equalllie xx s lUntal 

The wyff of Richard Martyndale holdyth one tefite lieng in the 
towne of Aughton biforsaide rentinge yerlie e.t xv s vj^ 

John Swyfte holdyth one tente w% thapj&n"nc lienge in the said 
towne rentinge yerlie at the said termes xiiij 8 

Hector Priscot holdyth one tente w*h thapf!tn a nc lyenge in 
Ormskirke w% one pcell of grounde cont one acre rentinge e.?. x 8 

Richard Crofte holdyth two croftes lienge in the said towne and 
rentyth yerlie at the said termes equallie ij s 

Rauf Skairesbroke holdyth one cotage ther w% one pcell of 
lande pteynyng to the sam con? di acr rentinge yerlie e.? iij s 

Eicharde Jakson holdyth one cotage ther by yere renting 
e.? xijo 

Robert Gerret holdyth one crofte ther by es? cont half one acr 
and reutyth yerlie e.? xij d 

Roberte Hawarde holdyth one cotage lienge in the saide towne 
of Ormskirke and rentyth yerlie at the said termes equallie... iiij 8 

Wiftm Lathnate holdyth ij acres of grounde lyenge in the said 
towne of Ormskirke and rentyth yerlie iiij 8 

Thomas Hesket holdyth one cotage lienge in the said towne of 

Ormskirke and rentyth yerlie at the said termes equallie iiij 8 

Snf totall of the rentall Ixxviij 8 yj d 

wherof 

Payde to the Kinge o 9 soueigne lord to thandes of his receyvo 9 

by permission of Sir Richard Hoghton of the Lea, county of Lancaster, Knt. (Ibid. 
vol. xxiii.) He died before 23 May, 3 and 4 Philip and Mary. Ibid. 

27 (Page 103.) The Commissioners of Edward VI. returned Peter P'scotte as the 
Incumbent of this altar, being aged 46 years, and having no other living besides his 
Chantry. (Lib. B. Duck. Lane.) In 1547 Dom. Peter Priscot was a Chaplain at 

P 



106 

of the possessions of the late priory ofBreisto [Burscough] goinge 

furth of the landes biforsaid at the ffeast of M 9 tynemes onlie iiij 8 v d 

Payde to Richard Whitestoues a rente goinge furth of the said 

landes yerlie at M 9 tynemes onlie vj d 

^ m< * f tne annua ll reprise} iiij 8 xj d 

And so remanyth Ixxiif vij d 



Cfte Cfrauntrie or Jjosfpftall fn tfte cfrapell 



"IT 
Ji^ 



Cljantrjj "IT ^tW Modye preste incubent ther of the foundacon of Thomas 
i a t e jj r i e O f Derbie by his writing indented dated the xxvij* 1 
day of Aprill a rrf Henr vij mi xv ordened to be one hospitall 
or almeshouse and the said preiste to celebrate ther for the sowle} 
of him and his antecessors and viij olde men to be beidmen ther 
to pray for the sowle} biforsaide and the said prest to pay to euy 
of the said Bedmen jd by day for and towardes ther leving and 
he to have the rest of the Remane of the said Revenewe}. 

Ormskirk (Lane. MSS. vol. xxii.) ; and in 1553 he had a pension of 3?. Ss. $d. as 
Chantry Priest "of the Virgin Mary's Altar" (WiUis's Hist. Mitr. Abb. vol. ii. p. 
1 08), and not of St. Peter's. 

28 This Chantry was founded in the new Chapel of Lathom by Thomas second Earl 
of Derby, by deed dated the 27th April 1500. G-eoffrey Bishop of Lichfield and 
Coventry, by letter dated at the Priory of St. Thomas the Martyr, near Stafford, on 
the 3ist of October 1509, and in the seventh year of his consecration, addressed to 
the noble and excellent Sir Thomas Stanley Earl of Derby, after wishing him health, 
grace and benediction, proceeds to state " that the Chapel and Cemetery within your 
Hospital near Lathum, newly built, piously and gratefully founded, and consecrated 
to the glory of God and the use of the surrounding neighbourhood by the Reverend 
Father in Christ Huan, by the grace of God and of the Apostolic See, Bishop of 
Zoder (Sodor and Man) or by some other Catholic Pontiff, rightly and canonically 
consecrated, in order that sacraments and sacramentals may be offered in the same 
for the benefit of the poor and other inhabitants thereabouts by some honest secular 
Chaplain, who shall be regularly appointed and minister there for the future, which 
we canonically sanction, as far as we can, provided that nothing herein is done to the 



Hancasfn're gantries. 107 

sam is w^in the pocli of Ormskirke and distant from the 
poch churche iij myle} and the said preiste is remanynge 
ther according to the ordinance of his foundacon paing to viij poore 
men remanyng at this day euy one j d by day And for so moch as 
the said chapell is so farre in distans from the poch church the 
said preist hayth licence to mynystre Sacrament^ and Sacrament- 
alle} to the Infritantf nigh adioynge when neide requyreth. 

t'f&t one chale} poi} byes? xij on} IBlate atrtr 

It ij corporaxes. VtttamU 

prejudice of the Church of Ormskyrk by the said Chapel, which is notoriously situated 
within that parish and the limits of the Prior and Convent of Burscogh. And here- 
unto Thomas, Prior of the said Church, grants his consent, provided always that if it 
should hereafter happen that the said Prior and Convent shall be deprived of any 
tithes, oblations, obventions, emoluments or any ecclesiastical rights by the afore- 
named Chapel, then we will and decree on that account, and as often as the same 
shall happen, that the Dean of the said Chapel shall subject it to an interdict, which 
shall continue until satisfaction in the premises is made to the said Prior and 
Convent." Reg. .BlytTie^ Lichf. p. 95. 

The origin of this foundation has escaped the researches of all our local and county 
historians, and baffled the scrutiny of the Eoyal Chantry Commissioners as well as 
the Charity Commissioners of a more recent period. It is a singular instance of a 
foundation, which provided a Chantry Priest to say masses for the souls of the 
founder and his ancestors, and which endowed bedesmen to discharge a similar 
obligation, being allowed to continue in the midst of the hurricane which ruthlessly 
and indiscriminately swept away kindred institutions ; and its preservation can only 
be attributed to the favour and almost regal power, as well as to the vacillating policy 
of that subtle Lancashire statesman Edward, the third Earl of Derby, who amidst all 
the convulsions of the times retained the favour and apparently the confidence of his 
royal kindred, Henry and Edward, Mary and Elizabeth. He could probably say, Ego 
et Rex meus have decreed the existence of this Chantry. The noble founder of the 
Chantry and Hospital of Lathom died on the 23rd May 1521, and was buried at Sion 
Abbey in the county of Middlesex, having married Anne, daughter of Edward second 
Lord Hastings and Hungerford, and sister of George first Earl of Huntingdon. 
Brydges' Collins, vol. iii. p. 69. 

In 1535 the Subsidy Commissioners for the Deanery of Warrington assessed "de 
Cantaria apud novam capellam de Lathum ex fundacione Thome Standleye nuper 
Comitis Derbie," for tenths viii* viii d and for the subsidy vii s ix d ob. q'. (Lane. 
MSS. vol. xxii.) For further notices of this foundation see GastrelFs Not. Ceatr. 
vol. ii. part ii. p. 202. 



io8 

II iij vestment^. 
I? ij copes. 
I? ij alter clothe}. 
It ij towelle}. 
K ij masse bokes. 

II one olde vale -,-/ , 

H ij crewetf of pewther. 

If: one pix of 

H ij crosses thone of coper and the other of woode. 

dfttirotoment 0|)tt Langtre holdyth one tente w*h thapffefncf lieng in 
Coppley [Coppull] in the countie of Lancaster rentinge yerlie 
at Pen? f M 9 ? iiij 11 

Rauf Balif holdyth one tente w% thapp?n"ncf lienge in the said 
towne by yere rentinge e.t x s 

Eleno 9 Bebbey holdyth one tente ther by yere rentinge .. vij s 

Roger Gydlawe holdyth one tente ther w% thappfrfncf and 
rentyth by yere at the said termes equallie vij s 

The wyff of James Browne holdyth one tente ther w% thap- 
^?n"ncf rentinge yerlie at the said termes equallie vij s 

Thomas Pilkington holdyth one tente w*h thap^n a ncf lienge in 
Heth Charnock renting yerlie e.t xxvj 8 viij d 

James Hilton holdyth one tente w^ thappfrfncf lienge in the 
said Towne by yere renting xxx s vj d 

Gyle} Blakeley holdyth one pcell of grounde ther con? by es? d:i 
acr and rentyth yerlie at the said termes xij d 

Edwarde Holte holdyth one tente ther and rentyth yerlie 
e.? xiij s iiij d 

The wyffe of Wyllyam Holte holdyth one tente w*h thapp?n a ncf 
lieng in the said towne rentinge yerlie e.t vj s viij d 

John Heilde holdyth one tente ther by yere rentinge e.t xxij s iij d 

Petre Helde holdyth one tente ther by yere rentinge e.?. .. xj s j d 



109 

James Bate holdyth one tente lienge in Kelcheth by yere rent- 
inge e.? XJ S viij d 

John Herrison preist holdyth one tefite lienge in Mollynge by 
yere rentinge at the said termes equallie V s 

John Nycholson holdyth one tefite w% thapf&n*nc lienge in 
Chernok Kicharde in the countie of Lancastr rentinge yerlie at 
the said termes xij s iiij d 

James Crosse holdyth one cotage ther rentinge yerlie at the 
said termes . iiij 3 xj d 

John Kigby holdyth one tente w% thapjfefnc^ lienge in Writh- 
ington and rentyth in the said termes equallie , xx s 

Galfride Prescot holdyth one tente w% thapjJfrfncf lyenge in 
Shevington by yere rentinge in the said termes equallie xxxiij 8 iiij d 

Willyam Smyth holdyth one pcell of grounde ther con? by esl: 
di acr and rentyth yerlie at the said termes equallie xij d 

Eicharde Holte holdyth one tente lienge in Haslom Haye by 

yere rentinge e.t , xxxiii 8 iiij d 

Snf totall of the rentall xyj n xix 8 vij d 

Reprises none. 



Cftauntrie at tfte alter of o 9 aip totym 
tfte p'orft rturrfie 



R 



Parkinson ^iste Incumbent ther of the ffoundacon 
of Margaret Bukley to celebrate ther for the sowle} of ^ r 
hir and hir antecessors. 



29 This Chantry, dedicated to the B. Virgin Mary, was founded in Sefton Church 
by Margaret, daughter of Sir Eichard Molyneux of Sefton knight, one of the Ushers 
of the Privy Chamber to Henry VI. and Constable of the Castle of Liverpool. He 
fell fighting under Lord Audley in the Lancastrian army, and surrounded by all the 
horrors of civil war, at Blore Heath on the 2ist February 1459 : 
"There Dutton Button kills, a Done doth kill a Bone, 
A Booth a Booth, and Leigh by Leigh is overthrown ; 



io 

J) safh is at the alter of o 9 lady w t hiri the said churche 
an( l the sain prest doth celebrate ther according to the 
ordinance of his flbundacon. 

A Venables against a Yenables doth stand ; 

A Troutbeck fighteth with a Troutbeck hand to hand : 

There Molyneux doth make a Molyneux to die, 

And Egerton the strength of Egerton doth try. 

Drayton's Polyolbion, song xxii. 

He left issue by his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas first Baron Stanley and 
sister of Thomas first Earl of Derby K.GL, two sons and three daughters. (Visit. 
Lane. A 1567 D. 3, 82, in Coll. Arm.) The founder of this Chantry was closely con- 
nected with ecclesiastics. She was the niece of Dr. John Molyneux, Eector of Sefton 
and Prebendary of Lichfield (see p. 80 ante), the sister of Mr. James Molyneux, 
Archdeacon of Richmond, who was instituted to the Rectory of Sefton 2 2nd March 
1489 (Reg. Hales, Lichf.), and the aunt of Mr. Edward Molyneux B.D., who also 
held the family living of Sefton and founded the Chantry referred to in the next 
return of the Commissioners. 

She was twice married, and died an aged woman on the 2ist February 1528, 
according to the following inscription on a brass still remaining in her Chantry 
(Baines, vol. iv.) : 

rate . g' &'ta . ;fHarjjarele . fflfe . &tct . ffialyntut . Militte . ca'ntfam . SSj: . 
g0f)'te . mutton . &rmtfl . IB'nt . to . mutton . <t . potftea . Wj: . TOU'm . 3$uiu- 
. l)tc . Ca'tsrtam . j^tuam fttntfaittt . <&t . Hetftrtt . t' . &er* 
' . Wna . CapeHa'0 . JEmppetuu' . JBt'a . Celdbratur' . ji' . Sl'fi& j . 
. ffiaxyaxttt . par^'tu . t' . 28*nefact . .Stior' . ^jroratorttm . 
t' . JBotafoit . ^atw . <SBttt rjrt . |0te . dT^rxtartt . &o . JB'nt . ybc . j:j:bttt . 
STte . pfptctetur . $&tu& . <&mtn . 

An inscription now or lately remaining on the middle south-window of the church 
invoked prayers for " Margett Bulcley whose goodnes caused this window to be 
made of the will of S r Robt. p'kynson executor to the said Margett, the yere of o r 
lord 1543." Her grandfather Sir Richard had distinguished himself as a warrior at 
Agincourt, and her great uncle Sir Robert Molyneux having succeeded to the property 
of his brother Adam, Bishop of Chichester, appears from the following singular record 
to have been distinguished in another field : "August 4, 1448, An Indulgence of one 
hundred days, for a year, to raise 1008 ducats for the ransom of Sir Robert Molyneux 
knight, who has been taken prisoner in a battle with the Saracens and Turks whilst fight- 
ing for the Cross. He has been sold as a Captive to serve most cruel men, and confined 
in a Castle called Tophan, in bondage to the Great Marrot, who calls himself the 
Lord of all Turkey. They have tried in vain by every kind of torture to oblige him 

* Sic. 




<Jatttr(e8 1 1 1 

it 8t one chale} poi} by es ............................... vj on} plate 

It ij olde vestment . 
one masse boke. 




Machane holdyth one tente w^ thapjJfrfncC lieng in 
Keverley and Walton in le Dale xliiij 8 and Thomas Machane 
holdyth one tente w% thapptn"ncf ther xxx s in all by yere rent- 
inge at the termes of Pentecost and M 9 tynemes ............ Ixxiiij 3 

The said prest hayth in his owne occupacon one wynde mylle 
standing in Thornton by yere ...................................... xx s 

Snf totall of the rentall ...... iiij 11 xiiij 8 

Reprise} none. 



CJje CJ)a u ntrie totyin tfre safli cfturrfc ralleft 

Cftantrte. 30 




Kirkeby preiste 31 Incumbent ther of the ffounda- 
con of Edward Molleneux clerke late pson of Sefton to 
celebrate ther for his sowle. 



to renounce his religion. At last they released him, he promising to pay them the 
sum above mentioned, and leaving his two br-others as his hostages. He must return 
by a certain day, and if he is not then back, for each day of his absence they will cut 
off a limb from one of his brothers." E. Reg. ArcMdiac. Hichm. penes Eev. J. 
Eaine, M.A. 

In 1535 the Subsidy Commissioners for the Deanery of Warrington assessed the 
" Cantaria ibidem (Sefton) ex fundacione Margarete Buckleye," for tenths viii 8 and 
for the subsidy vii s ii d ob. Lane. MSS. vol. xxii. 

The Chantry Commissioners in 1548 returned "Robert Parkynson of thage of 64 
years" as the Incumbent (Lib. . Duch. Lane.) ; and he appears to have been the 
Confessor, Chaplain, and Executor of the founder of the Chantry. 

30 This Chantry was founded in the Church of Sefton by Edward Molyneux B.D., 
the Rector of the parish. He was the second son of Sir Thomas Molyneux of Sefton 
knight (Sheriff of Lancashire 1476-82), and of his wife Ann, daughter and heiress of 
Sir Thomas Dutton of Button in the county of Chester knight, being descended from 



1 1 2 ILmtcasijfve ijantvtcs. 

)f)e safh is w%in the poch church of Sefton and the sam 
preist is remanyng and doth celebrate ther accordinglie. 

two high historical families. By deed dated ist June 27 Henry VIII. he gave the 
Chantry to the Incumbent for the term of his life, reserving the remainder to himself 
and his heirs, but to what use was not stated. By another deed dated 24th July 1535 
he released all his right and title to the Chantry to the Incumbent, and to his heirs 
for ever, but again omitted to describe the uses. (Lib. B. Duck. Lane.) This was 
clearly an intentional act, and is an instance of a founder seeking, with some adroit- 
ness, to prevent his endowment sharing the fate of the religious houses. 

He succeeded his uncle James Molyneux B.D., the Archdeacon of Eichmond, in 
the Eectory of Sefton, being instituted thereto on the i5th October 1509, on the 
presentation of William Molyneux Esq. (Reg. lythe, LicTif.) The date of his 
institution and the time of his death are both erroneous in Baines's Hist. Lane. 
yol. iv. p. 211. 

On the 28th April 1516 he was presented to the Vicarage of Leyland by the Abbot 
and Convent of Evesham, on the death of Seth Wodcoke, the last Vicar. (Reg. 
Blythe, Lichf.) At this time he was also Rector of Ashton-under-Lyne, having succeeded 
JohnHonford LL.B., who had been instituted in the year 1505. (Lane. MSS.) 
On the 1 3th July 1528 he was appointed Eector of Walton- on-the-Hill by Sir 
William Molyneux knight, and the Bishop of Lichfield required him to enter into a 
covenant, confirmed on oath, that he would pay out of his living 8oZ. a year during 
life to Mr. Eichard Dudley, who had resigned the benefice in his favour, having held it 
twenty-three years, or ' as long as he (the Eector) should be employed in worldly 
affairs.' 7 (Reg. Blythe, LicJif.) In 1521 Sir Edward Molyneux, parson of Sefton, 
was appointed an executor of the will of Thomas second Earl of Derby. (Test. 
Vetusta, vol. ii. p. 590.) On the 7th October 1524, Peers Legh of Lyme Esq. (son 
and heir of Sir Peers Legh " knight and priest") to remove from his father's mind 
any doubt as to the execution of his will after death " of his awne mynd (> wyll 
desire to thentent that S r Peris his Fader shuld neither think nor put any mistrust in 
him, and to confirm the same more assuredly, hath made hys confession unto his kins- 
man Mr. Edward Molenex, Clerk, and cotynent upon the form hath deposed upon 
the Holy Evangelists, and afterwards hath receyved the Holy Sacrament o r Lord's 
body, in forme of Brede, that he shall neu' doe that thyng nor p'cure to be done, nor 
non od r in his name nor tytle by his good wyll nor consent against the execuc'on of 
his Fader's will. And he signed this indenture and made his bodely oath and used 
the Sacrament of the Altar this day in the Chapell of Bradley in the p'sence of S r 
Alex r Eadclyffe, the said Master Edward Molynex P'son of Sefton, John Holcroft 
Squyre, James Dombyll Squyre, Q-owther Legh gent., Eobert Ardern gent., Eichard 
Kyghley, Brian Morecroft, Thomas Levyns, and William Hatch, Priests, and many 
others." Lane. MSS. vol. xxxviii. p. 447. 

On the 1 4th July 1528 Mr. Edward Molyneux Eector of Sefton, Sir William Ley- 
land knight, and Eichard Cholmeley Esq., the executors of the will of James Brad- 



Hancasftire ^antttes* 1 1 3 

one. 



shaigh of Uplitherland Esq., presented Mr. Brian Morecrofte to the Eectory of 
Aghton (Reg. Blythe, LicTif.) ; and by indenture, dated 28th February 1530, the 
Abbot and Convent of Whalley granted to Edward Molineux, Clerk, parson of Sefton, 
and Brian Morecrofte, clerk, parson of Aghton, the Grange of Alton in Sefton, with 
all lands, &c., for a term of nineteen years, paying yearly zl. 13*. 4$. (Whalley 
Coucher Book, App. vol. iv. p. 1214.) 

In the 22 Henry VIII. 1531, Thomas (afterwards Sir Thomas) Halsall of Halsall, 
son of the founder of the next -named Chantry, brought an action in the Duchy Court 
against Sir Edward Molyneux, Rector of Sefton, and others, for an illegal levy of 
amerciament, upon escape of felons in Halsall, Downholland and Eormby (Cal. Plead.), 
so that the Eector was probably in the commission of the peace, and was either a 
litigious man or had litigious neighbours, as he frequently appears in the Court of the 
Duchy, now prosecuting, now being prosecuted. He died about September in the 
year 1535, in which year his three vacant rectories were filled up by the respective 
patrons. 

In 1535 the Commissioners for the Deanery of Warrington assessed the " Cantaria 
apud Sephton, ex fundacione Edwardi Mollenex," for tenths viii 8 and for the subsidy 
vii s ii d ob. Lane MSS. vol. xxii. 

31 (Page in.) In 1547, at Bishop Bird's diocesan visitation, Mr. Anthony 
Molyneux appeared as the Eector, and "Dom. Thomas Kyrkebye" (set. 47 in the 
next year) and "Dom. Eobert Parkenson" were the Chantry Priests of Sefton. 
(Lib. Visit, apud Cestr.) In 1548, the howselinge people of the town and parish 
amounted to ix c . (Lib. JB. Duch. Lane.) Thomas Kirkby, priest, 22 Henry 
VIII. was accused by Sir Thomas Halsall and by some of his tenants within the 
manor of Halsall, of " extortion for spiritualities ;" but, instead of the charge 
being investigated by the ecclesiastical authorities, it was taken into the secular Court 
of the Duchy (Cal. Plead, p. 144), as the time for Church privileges and exemptions 
was passing away. And in the 27 Henry VIII. the same Kirkby brought an action 
in the Duchy Court against Eichard Smyth LL.B., Eector of Bury (the Pope's Par- 
doner in Lancashire), and Thomas Mosoke, to try the issue of his claim to the 
administration of the goods and chattels of Sir Edward Molyneux, Clerk, under 
letters " Ad colligendum" from the Archbishop of Canterbury, detained by the official 
of Chester. (Cal. Plead, p. 182.) Afterwards, but s.d., Brian Marcroft, priest, 
who died Eector of Aughton in 1548, brought his action against Thomas Kyrkeby, 
priest, and Eichard Smith, Clerk, parson of Bury, representatives of Sir Edward 
Molyneux, Clerk, deceased, late parson of Sefton, being a disputed claim of debt upon 
obligation, as surety for the deceased, to the Prior of Burscougb. Ibid. p. 209. 

Q 



1 14 Hanc&gfjtri 



Abbey holdyth one tente w*h thapp?n"ncf lienge in 
Aynetre in the coritie of Lancastr xxxiij 8 iiij d and Robert 
Hay holdyth one litle teiite ther v s in all dewe at the termes of 
Pentecost and M 9 tynemes equallie xxxviij 8 iiij d 

Briane Marc he holdyth one tente lienge in Asheton in Maker- 
feilde and rentyth at the said termes equallie xv s iiij d 

Wilfm Tyreare holdyth one teiite w*th thapptn"ncf lyenge in 
Thornton rentinge yerlie e.t xviij 8 j d 

Roger Marcer holdyth divers pcelle} of grounde lyeng in lyther- 
landf con? by es? one acr rentinge yerlie e.? ij s ij d 

Willyam Morecrofte occupieth divers pcelle} of grounde lienge 
in Morehouse} con? by es? one acr rentinge yerlie e.? ij s vj d 

Thomas Henshawe and his fellowe} holdyth dius pcelle} of 
grounde lienge in Lyupole con? by es? j acr di reutinge yerlie 

James M 9 cer holdyth one acr of grounde lienge in Kirkedale 
rentinge e.? ijs 

Gilberte Alsarghe holdyth one pcell of grounde lienge in Sefton 
con? by es? di acr rentinge yerlie e.? xij d 

Edwarde Fizackreley holdyth one pcell of ground lieng in 
ffizacreley con? by es? one acr ij 8 x d and the wyffe of Robert Lee 
dius pcellf of grounde ther con? by es? iiij acr di ix s in all dewe 
at the said termes equallie xj s x d 

Willyam Ferror holdyth one teiite lienge in Hulmore rentinge 
yerlie e.t iijs 

Roberte Haughton holdyth one tente w*h thap^?n a ncf lienge in 
Orrell by yere xj 8 

Hugh Asmoll holdyth one tente w'h thapj&ifnf lienge in Maug- 

hell rentinge yerlie e.? viij s x d 

Snf totall of the rentall Cxviij 8 iij d 

Reprise} none. 



Hancastytre (EfjantrCes. 115 

Cba u ntrfe at t&e alter of o 9 laUp to'&m 
p'odfje cfwrc&e 




llOtttaa Norres 33 pst Incumbent ther of the foundacon of S 
S r Henry Halsall knight to celebrate ther for the sowle} 
of him and his antecessors and one yearlie obbet to be 

maide by the said Incumbent w% the charge of one tap of ij lib 

weight to be kept before the Trenytie. 

32 This Chantry of our Lady the Virgin was founded in the Church of Halsall by 
Sir Henry Halsall Knt., the manorial owner and also patron of the advowson of 
Halsall. He was the son and heir of Hugh Halsall Esq. and of his wife Douce, 
daughter of Gilbert Scarisbrick of Scarisbrick Esq. ; grand-nephew of Sir Henry Halsall 
Knight of the Shire of Lancaster 38 and 39 Henry VI. (Harl. MSS. 1437, fo. 59 ; 
Lane. MSS. vol. xii. ; Baines, vol. i. p. 315) ; and the direct descendant of Oto, son 
of Gilbert de Halsall, who in the reign of Edward II. held the manor of Halsall under 
William le Botiller lord of Warrington, the said William paying to his superior lord 
for Halsall at the feast of the Nativity of our Saviour one pound of cummin seed, a 
silver penny, and a farthing. (Lane. MSS.) The founder seems to have been closely 
connected with the Stanleys of Lathom and Knowsley. He was steward of the house- 
hold, " a trustie friend," and one of the executors of the will of Thomas the second 
Earl of Derby, and married Margaret, daughter of James Stanley D.D., Bishop of 
Ely (see p. 28 ante), by whom he had issue six sons and four daughters. (Visit. 
Lane. A 1567, D. 3, 82, in Coll. Arm. ; Stanley Papers, part ii. p. 116 note.) He 
died in the year 1523, and not, as erroneously stated in Cal. Ing. Post Mart. p. 23, 
14 Henry VII., as in the year before his decease he proved the will of his master, 
Thomas Earl of Derby (Test. Vetust. vol. ii. p. 590) ; and in the 19 Henry VIII., 
as Sir Henry Halsall Knt. } he entered his suit in the Court of the Duchy against Sir 
William Molyneux Knt. and Sir Edward Molyneux, Clerk (the founder of the last 
named Chantry), and others, for an alleged trespass on his lands at Lydgate, a mem- 
ber of the Warrington fee. Cal. Plead, p. 135. 

In 1535 the Commissioners for the Deanery of Warrington assessed the "Cantaria 
apud Halsall ex fundacione Henrici Halsall Milit." for tenths viij 8 and for the subsidy 
vij s ij d ob. Lane. MSS. vol. xxii. 

33 On the 2nd May 1528 Dom. Thomas Norreys A.B. was presented to the Vicarage 
of Walton-on-the-Hill on the death of Ralph Radclyffe, Clerk, by Mr. Eichard 
Dudley S.T.P. the Kector. (Eeg. Blythe, Lichf.) He was still there at Bishop 
Bird's Visitation in 1547. Liber Visit. Cestr. 

At the Dissolution the sum of il. 45. $d. was made payable to the Duchy of Lan- 
caster from the Chantry of the Blessed Virgin Mary at Halsall. 



1 1 6 Hattcasfnre Chantries. 

at /g||if ty sam is at the alter of o 9 lady w^in the poche churche 
JINK f Halsall and accordinge to the ordinance of the ffoundacon 
the said prest doth celebrate make and mayntene at this day. 



one* 



Wulsall holdyth halfe one tente w*h thapj3tn"ncC lienge 
Mellinge in the countie of Lancastre viij s vij d Edwarde 
Farecloughe holdyth half one tefite ther iiij 3 Thomas Booker one 
cotage iij s and the wyffe of Webster one cotage xij d in 
all rentinge yerlje at the ffeastes of Midsom) and Mighelmas 
equallie xv s vij d 

Thomas Heskefi holdyth one acr di of medowe lienge in Calders 
medowe in the lordship of downe hollande vj s the wyff of 
holdyth two acres ther viij s Robert e Taskerne half one acr ther 
ij 8 and Christopher Holland one acr iij s viiij d in all rentinge 
e.? xix s viij d 

Peter Cowp holdyth one tefite in Downehollande aforsaid in the 
said countie of Lancastr v s Petre Holland one tente ther xvj s 
and Roger Pye one pcell of land called Myrskolawe con? di acr 
xij d in all xxij 8 

Robert Warton holdyth one bovate of land lienge in fformeby in 
the said countie by yere rentinge e.t x s x d 

John Hesketh holdyth half one barne and half one cloise by es? 
ij acres lienge in Aynetre rentinge yerlie e.t iiij s x d 

Hugh Calderbanke holdyth halfe one tente in Aughton and 
rentyth e.? iij s vj d 

The wyffe of Henry Richardson holdyth one close lienge in 
Male con? by es? iij acres vj s and Elizabeth Gore for a rente 

goinge furth of hir tente ther ij s in all dewe e.t. equallie viij 8 

Sm" totall of the Rentall iiij 11 iiij 8 v d 

Hqprtfttf Reprise} none. 



tre Chantries. 1 1 7 



Cfie Cfcauntw at tfie alter of >apnt 
totym t&e safte p'oclje 




Halsall 35 preiste incumbent ther of the found aeon of C^antrg 
the said S r Henrie Halsall knight to celebrate ther for the 
sowle} of hime and Sir Henrie Molleneux preist. 

34 This Chantry, dedicated to St. Nicholas, was founded on the south side of the 
chancel of Halsall Church by Sir Henry Halsall Knt. seneschal of the Earl of Derby's 
household, in conjunction with Sir Henry Molyneux, Priest. The latter was pro- 
bably a member of the Melling house of Molyneux. (Lane. MSS. vol. xii.) He 
was living at the death of Sir Henry Halsall in 1523. 

- The well-endowed Eectory was generally held by a member of the family, and at 
least on one occasion by an Acolyte, who did not obtain Priests' orders until after a 
probation of five years. Henry, afterwards Sir Henry Halsall, the co-founder of this 
Chantry, on the 2nd June 1495 presented his brother Hugh Halsall to the Eectory 
then vacant by the death of Mr. Edmund flaryngton the last Parson ; and the said 
Hugh took an oath on the Holy Evangelists that he would pay a pension of xx 11 
sterling, for five years next following, to Dom. James Stray tbarell, Chaplain, of Halsall, 
for and on behalf of one Nicholas Gartside, patron for one turn, and also 13^. 6,?. %d. a 
year to the said James during his natural life, by the appointment and limitation of 
the Eev. Father in this case made. (Reg. Smith, Lichf.) On the 23rd September 
1497 Hugh Halsall an Acolyte was ordained a Sub-deacon secular, on the title of his 
benefice, by the Bishop of Lichfield ; afterwards Deacon's orders were conferred, and 
he was at length admitted to the order of the Priesthood by the Bishop of Panaden, 
Spiritual Commissary of John, Bishop of Lichfield, on the i3th June 1500. (Ibid. t 
Liber Ordin.) Hugh Halsall died Rector in the year 1513, and his brother Sir Henry 
Halsall Knt., then at Lathom, presented Eichard Halsall, Clerk, his third son, to the 
living, he being instituted on the i2th April in the same year. In 1521 he was 
appointed, along with his father, an executor of the will of Thomas second Earl of 
Derby. Test. Vetust. vol. ii. p. 590. 

In 1528 Mr. Eichard Halsall, the Eector, prosecuted his brother, afterwards Sir 
Thomas Halsall, at that time a Justice of the Peace for the county palatine, and offi- 
cially connected with the establishment of his late relative Thomas Earl of Derby, on 
a claim to arrears of rent for tithes within the manor of Halsall (Cal. Plead, p. 136), 
and he afterwards brought an action against his nephew Henry Halsall Esq. to 
recover a messuage and lands in Halsall. Ibid. p. 298. 

In 1535 the Subsidy Commissioners for the Deanery of Warrington assessed the 
"Cantaria apud Halsale ex fundacione dicti Henrici Halsall Milit. et D. Henrici 
Mollenex " for tenths vi" v d q r , and for the subsidy v" ix d ob. q r . Ibid. 



1 1 8 Hancasfnre 

Cijantrg 0f 5IPif( $ same is at the alter of Saynt Nicholas w%in the poch 
$f^U churche of Halsall and at this day the saide prest doth cele- 
brate ther according to his foundacon. 




CEntrofoment JS^( ftomas Pye holdyth one tente w*h thapptn a nc lienge in 
Ligeyate in the countie of Lancastr by yere xvj s Hugh 
Hulme holdyth one tefite w*h thap^in a ncf xviij 8 Elezabeth Clerke 
holdyth one cotage ther ij s iiij d Robert Bigerstane holdyth half 
one acre of grounde ther xx d and John Whiteheide holdyth dius 
pcell of grounde ther lienge in seuall places in the feilde con? ij 
acres vij s in all by yere dewe at the feast f of Christenmas and 
Mydsonil equallie xlv a 

Thomas Oliu holdyth one tente w^ thapp?n"ncC in Westheide in 
the poch of Ormskirke in the said countie vij s vj d and the wyffe of 
Andrew for a rent goinge furth of hir tefite ther xxij d in all by 
yere dewe e.t , , ix s iiij d 

John Spensor holdyth one pcell of grounde conteynynge by 
estimacon ij acres lienge in Aughton in the countie of Lancastr 

35 (Page 117.) "Harry Halsall, Pryest, Incumbent" of this Chantry, and aged 56 
years in 1548, was the fourth son of the founder. (Lib. S. Duch. Lane, and Lane. 
Visit. 1567, D. 3, 82, in Coll. Arm.) In the preceding year the two brothers answered 
Bishop Bird's Visitation " Call " at Halsall. Lane. MSS. vol. xxii. 

In the i and 2 Philip and Mary, Eichard Halsall the Eector prosecuted John 
Spencer and others in the Duchy Court for forcible entry and tortuous possession of 
certain Chantry lands belonging to the Chantry of St. Nicholas in Halsall Church. 
(Cal. Plead, p. 278.) In 1-553 a pension of 3^. 4*. ^.d. was paid to Henry Halsall, 
Chantry Priest of St. Nicholas, Halsall. (Willis's Hist. Mitr. Abb. vol. ii. p. 107.) 
He died in 1562, and was buried at Halsall. The will of his brother Eichard is dated 
7th August 1561 and was proved at Chester 1563. He retained his benefice and com- 
plied with all the various changes in religious doctrine, ritual and practice, which he 
had witnessed during an incumbency of fifty years, and died a rich man. See 
Stanley Papers, part ii. p. 116, notes ; Lane, and CJiesh. Wills, portion ii. p. 35. 



Chantries. 1 1 9 

vij s and Triamore Askewolde holdyth one cotage ther by yere 

iij s in all dewe by yere e.? x s 

Snf totall of the rentall Ixiiij 8 iiij d 

Reprise} none. 



Cftauntrie in t&e p'orf) c&urclje of 




Mawdesley 37 preiste incumbent ther of the foun- Cijantrg 
dacon of Thomas Langley somtym bysshop of Durham * 
ther to celebrate for the sowle} of the kinges of England 

36 There were two Chantries in the Parish Church of Middleton, and both of them 
situated in the nave; the first, commonly called "the Sector's Chapel," dedicated to 
the B. Yirgin Mary and St. Cuthbert, was founded by Thomas Langley, D.D., the 
Cardinal Bishop of Durham. This great prelate was not born at Agecroft, near 
Manchester (Baines's Lane. vol. iii. p. 152), nor was he descended from an honourable 
family in the county of York (Surtees' Durham, vol. i. pp. 7 and 55), but from a 
family long resident at Langley in the parish, and probably descended from the feudal 
house, of Middleton. This family held the manor of the Earls of Lancaster, and the 
Langleys and Hopwoods bore almost the same arms, with a difference of tincture, 
both holding their lands within the same manor, and by the same tenure. Sir Eoger 
de Middleton knight died without surviving issue male 16 Edward II. in the year 1323, 
leaving six daughters his coheiresses. (Ing. post mort. Lane. MSS. vol. xiv. p. 1.) 
In January 1339 his relict Agnes, " domina de Middleton," presented a Eector to the 
Church (Reg. NortTiburgh, Lichf.), and on the 3 nones of June 1351, John of Gaunt 
presented William de Langley, Clerk, to the Eectory (Ibid.), and the benefice being 
avoided by his death, Ralph Barton of Eydale in the county of York Esq. exercised 
the patronage on the 4th September 1386, in right of his wife, the eldest daughter 
and coheiress of Eoger and Agnes de Middleton. (Reg. Scrope, LicTif.) It does 
not appear that Cardinal Langley ever held the living, but it seems probable that 
the Eector of his name was not remotely connected with him. Both were indebted 
for their promotion to the Duke of Lancaster, and both were retainers of that great 
house. Thomas Langley was educated at Cambridge, and in early life frequently 
occurs in connection with South Lancashire families, who appear to have entertained 
the highest opinion of his virtues, talents, and habits of business. On the i2th 
February 1395, he was appointed Eector of St. Alphage, London, which he resigned 
in the following year. (Newcourt's Reper. vol i. p. 260.) On the 24th September 
1398, ,he was instituted to the Eectory of Castleford in the county of York, on the 



1 20 Hancasjtre 

the said Bishopp and his ancestors and the Incumbentes herof to 
teache one gram) skole fre for pore children. 

presentation of John Duke of Lancaster, and obtained a license for non-residence for 
three years, with permission to let out his benefice to farm. (Raine's JUS. Fasti 
Eborac.) On the 4th March 1400-1, he was collated to the prebend of South New- 
bold in York Minster (Le Neve, Hardy, vol. iii. p. 205), and in the following year 
was appointed Dean of York, when he vacated his stall of Gretton in Lincoln Cathe- 
dral. Ibid. p. 124. 

In the year 1405, on Archbishop Scrope's death, he was elected by the Chapter 
Archbishop of York, and obtained the royal assent to his election on the 8th August 
1405, and the king wrote letters commendatory of him to the Pope, who notwith- 
standing set aside the election, and he was not installed. (Ibid. vol. iii. p. 109.) 
In February 1405-6, he succeeded Cardinal Beaufort in the office of Chancellor of 
England, and filled that high office under three successive sovereigns. Campbell's 
Lord Chanc. vol. i. p. 312. 

Mr. Eaine has published three letters addressed to the Chapter of York, of great 
interest, relating to Archbishop Scrope, in which the ability and discretion of Dean 
Langley, as a politician, are very conspicuous, York Fabric Soils, pp. 193-6, 
Surtees Soc. 

On the i vth May 1406, he was elected Bishop of Durham, and consecrated by 
Arundel Archbishop of Canterbury on the 8th of August following. (Le Neve, 
Hardy, vol. iii. p. 291.) He resigned the Great Seal on becoming Bishop of Durham, 
but received it again 23rd May 1417, and was confirmed in his high office by parliament 
i Henry VI. In 1411 Pope John XXIII. raised him to the rank of Cardinal, and he 
was " gratified by wearing the red hat." He took his place in the Sacred College, 
but did not visit Rome. The following would be a memorable year in the annals of 
Middleton, when as Cardinal, Prince Bishop of Durham, and Lord High Chancellor 
he obtained permission from John (Bourghill) Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry 
(who on the 22nd August 1412, granted and issued a licence to him) to visit and 
consecrate the Church of St. Leonard at Middleton, in the Diocese of Lichfield, " quse 
tarn in opere lapideo quam in tectura arte mirifica et prepolita, vestris sumptibus, de 
novo totaliter constructa est,"' (as the Bishop states) ; and also to consecrate, at the 
same time, two altars in the nave, one dedicated to the B. Virgin Mary and St. 
Cuthbert, and the other to St. Chad and St. Margaret. Reg. Langley, Durham. 

In one of the windows on the north side of Middleton Church is a fine artistic 
head of an ecclesiastic, with a mitre and crozier, supposed to be a portrait of Bishop 
Langley, but more probably of St. Cuthbert, whom he honoured with many honours. 

On the ist June 1436, he prayed to be excused from attending the parliament at 
Lincoln, on account of his age, infirmities, and episcopal duties. Raine's MS. Fasti 
Eborac. 

His will is dated at his manor of Auckland on Friday, being the feast of St. Thomas 
the Apostle, 2ist December 1436, and was proved ^th December 1437, the Bishop 



^antries* 1 2 1 

same is at the alter of Saynt Cutlibert w^in the poch <b*nt*$ at 
church of Mydelton and the same preist nowe Incumbent 
doth celebrate and t cache gramer accordinge to thentent of the 
saide ffoundacon. 

having died on the zoth November 1437, being the feast of St. Edmund the King and 
Martyr. His body was conveyed the next day, with great solemnity, to Durham in a 
car drawn by four horses, and was received by the Prior of the Cathedral in his ponti- 
ficals, and by the Monks of the said Church, with great honour and reverence. The 
body was buried in the Chantry Chapel, which he had founded in the Galilee in his 
life time. Reg. III. Eccles. Dunelin. fo. 216 ; Surtees, p. cxxxi. 

His will proves that he was not unmindful of his Lancashire relatives and friends, 
nearly all of whom may be identified. He bequeathed loot, in addition to what he 
had already given to purchase lands and tenements for the dotation of two Chaplains 
at the altar of B, V. Mary, founded by him in the Galilee of Durham Cathedral, to 
celebrate divine service there for ever, and which he gave to John Newton and John 
Thoralby, Priests. He gave to his sister Margaret 40?., and to Henry de Langley 
one pot of silver gilt ; to Thomas Holden for his good and faithful services, over and 
above what he was entitled to, xx% one pair of flasks silver gilt, and one bowl silver 
gilt, with a cover chased with the flower, columbine. To Dom. Nicholas Hulme for his 
good and faithful services xx marcs and my third bowl silver gilt, with a cover of the 
same (columbine) form. To Sir John Eadcliflf, treasurer of my house, for his good 
and faithful services, xxx marcs and one little cup of silver, gilt on the outside. To 
James Grenehalgh, for his good and faithful services, xx marcs, and my second best 
bowl with a cover, silver gilt. To Mr. Thomas Leys, Eector of Weremouth, my 
better cup, with one little cruet, and one pax bread. To John Bury one silver cup. 
To Dom. Eichard Buckley xv marcs. Amongst his numerous legacies of books, he 
gives to John EadclifF, his treasurer, a Commentary upon St. Paul's Epistles. To 
John Newton, Eector of Bretby super Wiske, Diocese of York, a book called Pupilla 
Oculi. To the College of Mamecestre a book called Flores Bernardi. To Master 
William Blackburn a Commentary on Isaiah. To Peter Shakerley a horse valued at 
xl s ; the same to Eichard Meadowcroft and William Langton. To James Chorley, 
Edward Prestwich, John Ireland, William Heighfeld, &c., each a horse valued at 
xxvi s viii d . He also was a benefactor to the public libraries of Cambridge, Oxford, 
St. Mary's Leicester, York and Durham ; and all his benefactions were liberal and 
numerous. He enjoined his executors to dispose of the residue of his estate in 
masses, alms, and works of charity, for the good of his soul, and nominated for that 
office William Bishop of Norwich, William Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry, the 
noble and puissant Lords Eichard Earl of Warwick and Eichard Earl of Salisbury, 
the illustrious James Lord de Audley, his beloved in Christ James Strangways senior, 
Mr. Thomas Leys Eector of Weremouth, Dom. Nicholas Hulme Canon of the Colle- 
giate Church of Darlington, and Dom. Eichard Buckley Eector of St. Nicholas in the 

R 



122 Hancasfjir* Cfjantriea. 

ffltttt antt tpfjpl tt*8t one chale} of silu poi} by estimacon x 05 

il|b I? thre vestementes. 
Ti one masse boke. 
I? ij alter clothe}. 

city of Durham, Thomas Holden Esq., James Grenehalgh Esq., Robert Strothe Esq., 
Dom. Richard Corston Chaplain, and Thomas Jobur of London Clerk "quibus 
quidem executoribus meis sub Dei benediccione et mea specialiter injungo ut con- 
cordam inter se continue foveant et habeant ac in omnibus consiliis et actibus suis 
p'dct* testamentum concernentibus uuanimes existant, sic namque Sanctus Cuthbertus 
patronus meus benedictus in ultimo vale seu testamento suo suis fratribus noscitur 
injunxisse." Reg. Kempe ) Ebor. pp. 501-3. 

Cardinal Langley was a great statesman and a great builder. He finished the 
Galilee in the west end of Durham Cathedral, and assisted in completing the cloisters. 
He founded schools, one for grammar and the other for music, at Durham, and also 
a Chantry. At Howden he erected the western gateway and a lodge adjoining. As 
his arms paly of six, argent and vert were on the tower of the old Church of 
Doncaster (Hunter's South YorJcs. p. 439), he had obviously been a benefactor, and 
Middleton now recognizes in him her greatest son and a forgotten friend. He was 
the wise and moderate reformer of all religious and charitable foundations within his 
diocese (Surtees' Hist. ofDurJiam, vol. ii. p. 310), and seems to have possessed the 
confidence, which he never abused, of all classes. He was an executor or supervisor 
of the wills of John of Gaunt in 1393, of Bishop Skirlaw in 1403, of Henry IV. in 
1408, of Edward Duke of York in 1415, and deserves the character of having been 
a pious, learned and munificent prelate, notwithstanding his unhappy share in the 
sentence against Sir John Oldcastle Lord Cobham as a heretic, and he assuredly was 
not " an aspiring man who rose from obscurity to high offices in Church and State." 
Campbell's Chanc. vol. i. p. 312. 

The second Chantry, dedicated to St. Chad and St. Margaret, and consecrated by 
Cardinal Langley in 1412, has long been known as the Manorial Chapel, and 19 
situated in the south-east corner of the nave. As Ralph Barton Esq., who held the 
manor in right of his mother, the oldest coheiress of the Middletons, died without 
issue in the year 1406, it seems not improbable that this Chantry was founded either 
by him, or in his honour, but not permanently endowed, See CTietJiam Miscellanies, 
vol. i. " Cokey Moor," p. 27, for a note of the BAKTONS. 

1443 x Martii. Henr, Penulbury p'b'r admiss. fuit ad Cantar. perpet. B.M.V. et 
S'c'i Cuthberti in eccl'ia de Mydleton de novo erectam et fundatam, per liberam 
resignat. D'ni Thurstan P'civall ultim. Capell. Et Capell. petivit institut. 
Canonice in ead. cum sue iuribj et p't'nj univ. ad present. Mcholai Hulme 
Cl'ici et illius Fundator Cantarie p'd'ct. forma ordinacoe ejusdem veri ip'me 
Cantarie Me vice patroni. Et idem institutus fuit et juravit observare statuta 
Cantar. p'd'ct. Et mandatu extitit D'no Rob'to Hopwod Rector de Mydleton 



Cftmttries, 1 23 

said preist receyvyth yerlie one annuall rent going furth 
of the lordship of KeSdley belonginge to the late attainte 
mon ari of Jervaux payd yerlie at the ffeastf of Saynt Martyne and 
Pentecost equallie Cvj s viij d 

seu D'no Rob'to Mussebury presb'r ejusdem Eccl'ie ad iuducend. Forma 
juramenti hsec est. Neither to alienate, nor waste, nor to do an annual 
trental only, but to observe his foundation rule, to obey William the Bishop, 
and his successors, canonically, &c. &c. Reg. Heyworth, LicTif. p. 26. 

Notwithstanding this statement it is not probable that Nicholas Hulme, Canon of 
Eipon, who died in St. Mary's Abbey, York, in 1458, would be the founder of either 
of the Chantries which were consecrated at Middleton in 1412. The words "hao 
vice" intimate that he had merely a temporary connection with this Chantry, and that 
a presentation had been given to him or purchased by him, or what is more likely, 
that the Cardinal had conveyed to him, as one of his Chaplains and executors, the 
patronage during his life. He was a member of the family of Hulme of Hulme, in 
the parish of Manchester. His will is published in Testam. Elor. vol. ii. p. 219, 
Surtees Soc., where, and in Longstaffe's Hist, of Darlington, p. 208, an account of 
the preferments of this " eminent ecclesiastic" may be seen. 

37 (Page 119.) Thomas Mawdsley was the Master of the Grammar School founded 
by Cardinal Langley, and also the Incumbent of his Chantry. It is not improbable, 
from a legacy being left by him to " Maister Nowell," that the Dean of St. Paul's 
and his learned brother Robert had been educated by him at Middleton. (See 
Churton's Life of Alex. Noivell, p. 199.) If so, we know too little of his history. 

Richard Bexwycke, Chaplain, by will dated i4th September 1534, gives to Sir 
Thomas Mawdysley and to three others, xvi d each, to sing Dirige and Mass and to 
pray for his soule. (Lane, and Chesli. Wills, part ii. p. 145.) Richard Bexwycke 
was ordained an Acolyte secular at Lichfield i7th December 1496, and a Subdeacon 
secular 2oth May 1497 ad titulum Monasterii de Kyrkstall. (Reg. Arundel, Lichf.) 

On the 24th November 1534 Thomas Mawdisley, Clerk, was presented *by Robert 
Earl of Sussex and Viscount Fitzwalter to the Rectory of Radcliffe, vacant by the 
death of Richard Bexwycke (Reg. Lee, Lichf.; Lane. MSS. vol. xxii.), which benefice 
he resigned in April 1537, when the same patron presented Robert Assheton A.B., an 
Acolyte. (Hid.} On the 28th May, 1549, he made an entry in the register book 
of Middleton, and again on the 3oth April, 1551, from which it appears that he still 
officiated at Middleton Church. Ibid. vol. i. p. 340. 

His will is dated i2th March 1554: Thomas Mawdesley of Myddleton, Clerk, 
my sawll to Almyghtye God hys blessyd moder and mayd oure Ladye and all the 
blissyd cumpany of heven and my corpse to be buryed afore the awter on the northe 
syde in the Chappell of Seynt Cudbert under the blew stone and nere my Maister 
Claydon. I wyll that my feoffees tak and perceive the p'fetts and issews of my 
mesuage at Boarshaye yerely to comen to the use C p'fitt of a preist, conyng hi 



1 24 Hmtcaafjt're 

The same preist receyvyth also one aimuall rente goinge furth 
of landes lienge in Sadbury [Sadberge] and whesso in the countie 
of Duresrae payde yerlie at the ffeast of Easter onlie . . xxvj d viij d 

Snf totall of the rentall vj 11 xiij 8 iiij d 

wherof 
In decay of the annuall rent goinge furth of the lordship of 

gramar and songe, so longe as the least enduryes, to mende and uphowde the fre schole 
of Myddleton, and to synge in my chappell for one yere, on the Sondaye, masse of the 
trenitie, on the Wednesdaye, masse of salus populi, on Frydaye, masse of the holeye 
crosse, with Placebo and Dirige, for the goode of my sawll, and for the sawlls of John 
Mawdesley and Alee hys wyff, the fader and moder of me the sayd Thomas, and for 
my broders sawll, and to say an Antyphyon of our blessed ladye with de profundis, 
for the sawls of my founders and benefactours, and all cristen sawlls : and I wyll 
that the sayd honest preist shall syng, saye, and praye, so longe as the sayd leaste 
shall contynue to my feoffees. And I wyll specyally that the sayd preist shall upholde 
the freschole at Myddleton acordyng to the foundac'on. My beste hors for a mor- 
tuarye. To the highth awter vj d . To the mayntaynens of the rode lyght ij s . My 
broder to bestawe to y e amounte of x s in grete torchyes to be brent at my berying 
and at my moneth mynde, and S r James Hopwode and S r James Buckley to synge, 
wyth oyther honest preists, that may be getten, and I wyll that they hare iii s iiii d 
apece. To S r James Hopwode my boke callyd Legenda Sanctorum. To S r James 
Buckley my Portfory and Pars Oculi. To Maister Nowell my bokes of Saynt Jerom's 
workes- To John Bexwyke, Chapleyn, my sersnet gowne furry d with coneye and a 
litle syluer pot hauiug on the topp R. B. whych hys fader dyd give mee. To Eobert 
Asheton, parson of Myddleton, my new Testamente wryten on parchemente. To 
Edmund Ireland, Usher, my Medulla Grammatica. To a pore scoller at Cambriddge 
by thadvyce of M r Warden of Manchestre and Maister Pendylton xx s . To the 
cosyn of James Kaye of Thurnham x s to bryng hym upp to learnynge and some of 
my prynted bokes at the discrecyon of my execute 1 . To the use of the church att 
Eadclyff a vestmente of bawdekyn and flowers. To the Chappell of Oldam a veste- 
mente of grene damaske. To Eychard Mawdesley of Colham in Myddlesex yoman my 
executour a porse with money in itt. Edmund Hopwode esquyer and Maister Eobert 
Asheton, parson of Myddleton, supervisours. Lane. MSS. vol. xxvii. Wills. 

In 1535 the Commissioners assessed the Chantry in Middleton Church "ex funda- 
cione Thome Longley, Episcopi Duresme," for tenths ix s iii d , and for the subsidy 
iiii 8 vi d . (Lane. MSS. vol. xxii.) In 1548 Thomas Mawdesley was aged 54 years, and 
the houseling people in the parish of Middleton numbered viii c . Lib. . Duch. Lane. 

At the dissolution of the Chantry, a pension of 5?. IDS. Sd., settled on the school, 
was charged on the Duchy Eevenues. 1571, a note for founding a Grammar School 
at Middleton, in Lancashire, with the property of Eobert Newell, brother of the 
Dean of St. Paul's, Dom. State Pap. vol. Ixxxiii. p. 505 Cal. p. 431. 



Hancasfjtre Cgamtrtes* 1 2 5 

Kenerdley biforesaid by virtewe of a decree awarded furth of the 
Court of Survey by the geSall surveyors dated the xij th day of 
Februarie in the xxxj th yere of the raigne of o 9 Soueigne lorde 

kinge Henrie theight yerlie xiij s iiij d 

Snf of the annual reprise} xiij s iiij d 

And so remanyth vj" 



Cfie C&auntrie fn tfte rfjapell cf 33Iaferotre 
tbe parorg of $oltmu : 



38 



R 



attf Forester preist incumbent ther of the ffoundacon 
of James Harrington to celebrate ther for the sowle} of ^ r 
hym and his anteceseors daly. 



38 This Chantry, in the Chapel of Blackrod, dedicated to St. Katharine the Virgin, 
was founded not by James Harrington, but in the year 1338 by Dame Mabella, the 
widow of Sir William de Bradeshaw knight, and in her own right the manorial owner 
of Blackrod, West Leigh and Haigh ; for her welfare whilst she lived, and for her 
soul's health after death, and for the souls of Sir William de Bradeshaw knight, late 
her husband ; for the souls of her father and mother, and all their ancestors' souls j 
and for the souls of all the faithful deceased. Having obtained the royal licence 
and assent, and also the sanction of Master Richard de Hauering, Archdeacon of 
Chester and Prebendary of the Prebend of Bolton-in-the-Mores, in the Cathedral 
Church of Lichfield, and also the consent of the Earl of Lancaster and Leicester, 
Seneschal of England, and of others, she, the said Mabella, gave in pure and 
perpetual alms to sustain a Chantry Priest to say divine service in the Chapel of 
Blessed Katharine the Virgin " de novo constructa infra Manerium de Blackrode," 
two messuages, sixty acres of land, eight acres of meadow, ten acres of wood, 
with their appurtenances in Blakerode, with turbary for the said messuages, to have 
and to hold to the said Chaplain and his successors for ever, saying divine service 
every day in the said Chapel of Blakerode for ever. The said Chaplain to make 
special mention of the name of the said Mabella in the celebration of mass ; also 
to find chalices, books and vestments, and other necessaries pertaining to the 
same, freely and for the love of God. Neither shall the said Vicar, Prebendary 
or Church of Bolton alienate or remove any of the goods thereof for the use of 
others, which (she continues) I, the said Mabella, give, "ex parte Dei et B. V. Matris 
ejus et S'c'e Kat'rine virginis quatenus possuere." And the said Chaplain was bound 



1 26 3Lattcasf)tre 

Cfjantrg of iPf f) sa i i n * ne chapell of Blakrode w^in the poch of 




fl Bouleton in the Mores and distant from the poch church v 

to pay to his parish Church aforesaid all great tithes, oblations and obventions, 
according to the custom ; and it was provided that the Chaplain should be nominated 
from time to time by the Lord of Blakerode and his heirs. The Chaplain was also to 
receive yearly from the said lord "una quatuor bovis et duobus agnis compotoribus," 
in the feast of Pasche. The witnesses of the foundation were "Dom. Thorn, de 
Lathum, Dom. Robt. de Langeton, Dom. Ric. de Hoghton, Dom. Will, de Lee 
snilitibj, D. Henr' de Walssh p'son de Standish, D. Juone de Langeton p'son de 
Wygan, Grilb. de Haydok, Will, de Worthyngton, Will, de Andreton et aliis. Datum 
apud Hagh, die dom'ca, incrast. S. Jac. ap'H 12 Edw. III. 1338. Reg. NortTiburgh, 
Lichf. p. 58. 

Mr. Ormerod is of opinion that it is uncertain whether Mabelle de Nereis, the 
foundress of this Chantry, and of another at Wigan (see p. 66 ante), left issue by her 
husband, Sir William Bradeshagh, or otherwise (Miscell. Palat. p. 8) ; but it may be 
stated that there is presumptive evidence of issue, as Roger de Bradeshaw presented a 
Clerk to her Chantry at Blackrod about ten years after her death, and was recognized 
by the Bishop as the lawful patron. He was also seized of her manors of West Leigh 
and Blackrod in the year 1 364, having received them immediately from her, " either 
by descent or grant." (Hid.) After family partition, Haigh vested in the line of 
Bradshaigh, represented by the Earl of Crawford and Balcarres, and the other estates 
in Hugh Bradshaw, who married Margaret, daughter and heir of John Yerdun, and 
had issue Sir William Bradshaw knight, whose daughter and heiress Elizabeth married 
Sir Eichard Harrington knight, son of Sir James Harrington, brother of the Lord 
Harrington K.Gr. of Hornby Castle. Sir Richard was much employed in public affairs 
during the reign of Henry IY. whilst the white rose was in the ascendant, and prin- 
cipally resided at his manor house of Westlegh. Wolfage in Brixwortb, in the county 
of Northampton, was obtained by Sir Nicholas Harrington (father of Sir James) in 
marriage with Isabella, daughter and heiress of Sir William le English knight. Sir 
Eichard Harrington had issue by his wife Elizabeth Bradshaw a son and successor Sir 
William, who married Margaret, daughter of Sir John Pilkington of Pilkington knight, 
and whose line terminated in male descent on the death of his only son Sir James Har- 
rington, Lord of Wolfage, Blackrod and Westlegh, on the 6th June 1497. (Fed. in 
Coll. Arm. Lond. 12 D. 14, p. 106, recorded 6th May 1852 ; Lane. MSS. vol. xxxi. 
pp. 170-177.) Sir James had married Isabella, daughter of Sir Alexander Eadclifie 
of Ordsall knight, whose wife was Agnes, one of the two daughters of Sir William 
Harrington of Hornby Castle K.Gr. (Test. JEborac. part ii. p. 251 Surtees Soc.), by 
whom he had issue one son and eleven daughters. This son, called Eichard by Yin- 
cant, but William in the Harrington Pedigree, on returning from Trafford with his 
wife, a daughter of that house, perished, along with her, " on the day of his marriage" 
(Lane. MSS. vol. xii. ; " submersus cum uxore" Suffield Ped. Ibid. vol. iii.) in 
attempting to ford the Mersey near Northenden a sad and touching incident, 



CTfjantrtea* 1 27 

myle3 w c h chapel is standinge upou the Kinges Streite betwixt 
loncaster and london and the said preist doth celebrate ther dalie 
accordinge to his fibundacon. 

recalling -to mind Logan's sweet verses on " The Braes of Yarrow." The body of 
Harrington was interred at Mobberley, where an altar tomb, with his armed recum- 
bent figure and the date of March 4, 1490, were remaining in 1595. (Miscell. 
Palat.} The Harrington estates were divided amongst his sisters, who were i. Alice, 
wife of Thomas Asheton knight, of Asheton-under-Lyne (query of Croston), remarried 
Richard Houghton knight ; 2. Anne, wife of William Stanley of Hooton in Wirrall, 
in the county of Chester, knight, son and heir of Sir William Stanley knight ; 3. 
Isabella, wife of John Tresham of Eushton, in the county of Northampton ; 4. 
Katharine, wife of William Mirfield, of Hoolley, in the county of York ; 5. Clemence, 
wife of Henry Norreys, of Speke ; 6. Ellen, wife of Ralph Standish, of Standish, in 
the county of Lancaster; 7. Margaret, wife of Christopher Hulton, remarried 
Thomas Pilkington; 8. Jane, wife of Roger Ashawe, of Hall-on-the-Hill, in the 
county of Lancaster (or Asheton, of Chatterton, in the county of Lancaster) ; 9. 
Alianor, wife of John Leycester, of Tofte, in the county of Chester ; 10. Elizabeth, 

wife of John Lumley Esq., of in the county of Northampton ; n. Agnes, 

who ob. s.p. "Vincent's MSS. in Coll. Arm. Lond. 

The will of Sir James Harrington, father of these ladies, was dated the last day of 
April, 8 Henry VII. 1493, and proved at Lambeth 6th March 1497. "I Sir James 

Harington, of Brixworth, co. Northampton My body to be buried in the Parish 

Church of Brixworth aforesaid if I die in the county ; if not, then where my executors 
shall deem best. My wife to have the issue and profits of my lands, &c. ; a priest to 
sing in the Parish Church of Brixworth, to pray for my soul, my children's souls, 
and all ' cristin' souls, at the discretion of my executors. Sir Robert Radcliff shall 
be the first priest to have an annuity. All my lands, manors, &c., in Preston, Chor- 
leigh, Bretherton, Dinckley, Fishweke, Brokestand, Derby, Pulton magna and Pulton 
parva, settled by the advice of Thomas Kebill, serjeant at law, andWilliam Cutlard. 
To Robert Hulton a mess' in Brixlesworth aforesaid, in the holding of Richard 
Skynner. To Myles Wesley a mess' in Turton, in the holding of James Walmesley. 
To Richard RadclifFe a mess' in Dynkley. To James Holecroft a mess' in Brikles- 
worth. To Nicholas Asshton a mess' in Brikles worth. To Arnold Penny ng a mess* 
in Fishweke. Lands in Elston and Lancaster to my son Sir Thomas Asshton and my 
dau' Alice his wife one moiety ; Anne my dau' to have the other moiety. I make 
my executors Isabel my wife, Sir Thomas Radclifie, Robert Radcliffe, X'topher 
Harington priest, John Radclifie of Hordsall co. Lanc r , son and heir of William Rad- 
clifie of 11 ordsall aforesaid, and brother of the said Isabel." 

His post mortem inquisition was taken 14 Henry VII. (Duck. Lane. fol. n), and 
he was found to have held the manor of Westley as of the Duchy of Lancaster ; also 
lands in Blackrode, Penyngton, Preston, Chorley, Brederton, Dinkley, Pulton Magna, 



128 Hattcaafttre Chantries* 

Plate 



Pulton Parva, and Turton, in the county of Lancaster. His daughters and coheiresses 
are stated to be Agnes, Alicia, Margaret, Isabella, Alianor, Joan, Anne, Clemence and 
Katharine, and each of them of the full age of twenty years and upwards. It appears 
from the post mortem inquisition of his widow, Isabella Harington, taken in the year 
1520, that she died on the 29th June, 10 Henry VIII., and held lands at her death in 
Westley, Hindley, Penyngton, Blackrode, Turton, Elston, Brokesland, Lancaster, 
Preston, Bretherton, Pulton, Dinkley, Fishweke, Lydgate, Longworth, Chorley, 
Walton and Derby. Anne, wife of Will'm Stanley ; Alice, wife of Eichard Hough- 
ton ; Isabella, wife of John Tresham ; Katherine, wife of William Mirfield ; Clemence, 
wife of Henry Norres ; Alianor, wife of Ralph Standish ; Johane, wife of Eoger 
Ashawe ; James Ashton, son of William Ashton Esq. ; Elianor Leycester, widow, and 
Henry Lumley of Eishton in co. Northampton are her next heirs. Anne set. 41, Isabell 
set. 31, Katherine set. 52, Clemence set. 35, Alice Standish [?] set. 48, Johanna set. 29, 
James Ashton set. 24, Elianor Leycester set. 50, Henry Lumley set. 22 years. 
Vincent's MSS. in Coll. Arm. No. 503, fo. 59. 

In 1535 the Subsidy Commissioners for the Deanery of Manchester assessed the 
" Cantaria infra Vicariam de Bolton-le-Mores, ex fundacione Jacobi Haryngton Milit.," 
for tenths xiii 8 iiii d ob. and for the subsidy viii 8 vi d . (Lane. MSS. vol. xxii. p. 288.) 
On the dissolution, a stipend of 4.1. 4*. i%d. was charged on the Duchy Eevenues and 
made payable to the Clerk or Incumbent of Blackrod (Baines's Hist. Lane. vol. i. 
p. 1 80), and which continues to be paid. Grastrell's Not. Cestr. vol. ii. part i. p. 15. 
In 1548 Eaffe fforster, aged 38, was the Incumbent, and the howseling people of the 
parish of Bolton numbered vii c , and the howseling people of Blackrod iiii c . Lib. 

It. Duch. Lane. 

Cantaristce de Blakrode. 

1349, ii Id. Apr. D. Henr. de Wakfeld cap. adm. fuit ad Cant. S. Katr. de 
Blakerode ad present. E. de Bradeshaw patr. ejusd, et institut. Meg. North- 
lurg, Lichf. 

1364, v non Julii, at Legh Bishop Stretton granted a licence to Eoger de Brad- 
shagh for an Oratory within his manors of Westlegh and Blakerodd. In 
the margin the Archdeacon has added, " as longe as my Lorde pleasyth." 
Eeg. Stretton, Lichf. 

1376, vii Id. Aug. Johes le Arche cap. admiss. fuit ad Cantar. de Blakrode ad 
present. D'ni Eogeri de Bradshagh patr. vac. per resign. Henr. de Wakefeld. 
Ibid. 

1499, Aug. i. Hugh Holme presb. ad capell. de Blackrode in paroch. S'c'i Petri 
de Bolton per mort. Jacobi Kylchith ult. Inc. ad present. D'n Isabelle 
Haryngton d'ne de Brikelisworth vidua. Eeg. Arundel, Lichf. 

1542, June 21. George Eobinson capell. instituted to the Chantry of St. Katha- 
rine of Blackrode, vacant by the death of Hugh Holme presbr., on the presenta- 



Chantries* 1 29 



Langworth holdyth one tefite w^ thapj&rfnce lienge 
in Blakrode in the countie of Lancastre by yere x s Cythe 
Forster holdyth one tefite w*h thapf&n a nc x s Thurstane Lange- 
worth one tente ther w*h thapfftifiice xxvj s viij d and for fttice iiij d 
The wyiFe of Johan Shepherd holdyth one tefite ther xxij s viij d 
John Shepherd and George Shepherde holden one tefite ther 
xxiij 8 x d in all by yere dewe at the ffeastes of the Natiuitie of o 9 
lorde and saynte Margaret equallie ..................... iiij 11 xiij s yj d 

Snf totall of the rentall ...... iiij 11 xiij s vj d 

Reprises none. 



Cfcauntrie at t&e alter of tfoe Crenptfe 
totyfn t&e paroelje cfcurrt) of 



R 



cessors. 



Artrobus preist incumbent ther of the ffoun- 
dacon of S r Galfride Massey knight to celebrate masse 
and dius obsequie} for the sowle} of hym and his ante- 



tion of Sir Alexander Radclyffe Kt. and William Eadclyfie Esq. his son, by 
virtue of a grant to them from Richard Hoghton of Hoghton Esq. and Alice 
his wife. Ex Cur. Consist. Cestr. 

1543, Oct. 2. Ralph Forster capell. admitted to the Chantry of S. Kath. of Black- 
rode, vacant by the death of Hugh Holme presb., on the presentation of Sir 
Richard Hoghton KnL the true patron. He took the usual and statutable 
oaths. Ibid. 

39 This Chantry, in the Parish Church of Eccles, dedicated to the Holy Trinity, 
was founded by Sir Geoffrey Massey Knt., the manorial lord of Worsley in this 
parish, and of Tatton in the county of Chester, a man who had great advantages of 
birth and large ancestral possessions in Lancashire. He was an active supporter and 
a successful partisan of the House of Lancaster, and during the reign of Edward IV. 
shared in the general prosperity which, notwithstanding the disastrous wars of York 
and Lancaster, Mr. Hallam says, reached a higher pitch at that time than at any former 
period. (Europe in the Midd. Ages, vol. ii. pp. 411, 475.) Sir Geoffrey married 31 
Henry VI. (1453) Isabel, daughter of Sir John Butler of Bewsey Knt., and was living 
15 Edward IV. (1475), but died ante 14 Henry VII. His sole daughter and heiress 



130 

$?0lg Crtnitg '/jjjj^j. ty sam is at the alter of the trenytie w^iri the poch church 
^^ of Ekles and the sam prest doth at this day celebrate accord- 
inglie. 

plate antf kSi| fr^t one chale} of silu pcell gilt poi} by est x on3 

ffttftmctrf* |H| K ves t m ente w*h thapffcnncf . 

It ij curtanes for the alter endes of silke. 

K one masse boke one cruet and one corporas w% the case. 

Tt one hand towell. 

^ntrofnmtnl flttf Garret holdyth one tefite w*h thapf)f:n a nc in Wigan in 

Cfcnantf airtf ^he CO untie of Lancastre by yere xxvij 3 James Chernoke 

holdyth one tente ther xiiij 3 Lawrens Chernok holdyth one 

cotage ther ij s vj d Thomas Page holdyth one cotage ther iij a 

Joan married first William Stanley Esq., in her right of Worsley and Tatton, son of 
Sir William Stanley of Holt Castle in the county of Flint, brother of the first 
Earl of Derby K.G-. Mr. Stanley died about 14 Henry VII. (i49 8 )> leaving issue an 
only child. His relict, being seized of the Massey estates, married secondly, 16 Henry 
VII. (1500), Sir Edward Pickering by whom she had no issue. She married thirdly, 
24 Henry VII. (1508), Sir John Brereton, and died 3 Henry VIII. (1511), leaving 
issue a son, Philip Brereton, who died issueless. 

Joan, only child of William Stanley Esq. and granddaughter and ultimately heiress 
of Sir G-eoffrey Massey, was aged 8 years in 1500 ; and married first John, son and 
heir of Sir Thomas Assheton of Assheton-on-Mersey, in 1513, but had no issue by 
him. She married secondly Sir Eichard Brereton, son of Sir Eandle Brereton of 
Shocklach and Malpas in the county of Chester, who dying at Islington in 1557, she 
was again a widow, and was living 6th April 1570, aged 77 years. Her grandson, 
Eichard Brereton of Worsley near Eccles Esq., dying on the i8th December 1598, 
settled all his estates upon his wife's kinsman Sir Thomas Egerton, the prudent and 
popular lord chancellor of England, from whom they descended to the Earls and 
Dukes of Bridgewater, the Worsley estate being now held by their kinsman the 
Earl of Ellesrnere, and the Tatton estate by their kinsman Lord Egerton of Tatton. 
See Leycester's Chesh. t and Ormerod's Cheek.; Lane, and CJiesh. Wills , portion third, 
p. 201 et seq. 

In 1535 the Subsidy Commissioners for the Deanery of Manchester assessed the 
Chantry in Eccles Church "ex fundacione Galfridi Massie Milit." for tenths viii* and 
for the subsidy vii s ii d ob. Lane. MSS. vol. xxii. p. 288. 



gantries. 1 3 T 

Wiftm Mason holdyth one cotage ther iij s Willyam Langeshawe 
holdyth one pcell of grounde ther conteynynge by estimacon one 
Rode xij d and the wyffe of Nycholas Standiche holdyth one dove- 
house yarde ther con? dl rod by yere vj d in all by yere rentinge at 
Christenmes and Mydsom 9 equallie lj s 

The wyff of Hugh Cryer holdyth one tefite w% thapffefncf in 
Tatton in the said countie by yere x s and Thomas Michell holdyth 
one terite ther w*h thapjfefncf by yere v s in all dewe at the saide 
termes equallie xv s 

Jenkyn Myllington holdyth one terite w% thapffefncC lienge in 
Kuottesforth in the countie of Chester by yere x s John Muttres- 
heide holdyth one terite ther w% thap^tn"ncf x s and Richard 
Swynton holdyth certen pcells of grounde in the fieild ther con? 

one acr ij s in all dewe e.t xxij 8 

Snf totall of the rentall iiij 11 viij s 

Reprise} none. 



t)t College of 3'fw Su^m tbe 
rfwrrfte of 



R 



Okell George Worrall and Richard Hide preistes * t rr fag Q r 
Incumbents ther of the fibundacon of bishopp Bothe some- tfjc alltQt 
tyme bishopp of Duresme and of the noiacon of S r John 



40 There were at least three distinct Chantry foundations of the Booths of Barton 
in the Church of Eccles. The first Chantry was dedicated to St. Katherine th'e Virgin 
and Martyr, and was founded, apparently in his lifetime, by Thomas del Bothe of 
Barton, as in his will, dated 42 Edward III., Anno Domini 1368, he says "imprimis 
do et lego animam meam Deo et beatse Marie Virgini, et corpus meum ad sepeli- 
endum in ecclesia de Eccles, coram Altari Sanctse Katerinse virgini." (Lane. MSS. 
vol. xiv. p. 91.) Hollin worth mentions him also as the founder of a distinct Chantry 
on Salford Bridge (Mancim. p. 52) ; and he bequeathed by will xxx u towards the 
building of the said bridge. The Chapel was intended for the use of travellers, in the 
same way that Crosses were in lonely places : 



1 3 2 lUttcasfure 

Birone kuight and Wilfm Both Esquier by which ffoundacon the 
said Incumbentf are bounden to celebrate masse daly in the cha- 

" Three times tell an Ave bead, 

And thrice a Paternoster say ; 

Then kiss with me the Holy Rood, 

So shall we safely wend our way." 

In 1505 care was taken for the reparation of this Chapel on the Bridge (Ibid.), and 
Leland, about the year 1536, when in Manchester, recorded that " on this Bridg is a 
praty litle Chapell. (Itin. vol. v. p. 78.) Before 1653 it was desecrated as a prison 
(Hollinworth, p. 53) ; and in Whitworth's curious engraving of the "The South 
West Prospect of Manchester and Salford," published in 1728, "the Bridge and 
Dungeon" appear delineated. The Chapel was taken down about the year 1802. It 
seems to have had no settled foundation. Its founder on the xi kal. Junii 1361 
obtained a licence from the Bishop of Lichfield, to have divine service performed by 
a suitable priest, within his Oratory at Barton for one year (Reg. Stretton, Lichf. 
vol. v.) ; and on the v ides April 1364 a similar licence, for one year, was granted to 
Thomas del Bothe within his manor of Barton. Ibid. 

The second Chantry in Eccles Church was founded by Laurence Bothe D.D. at the 
altar of St. Katherine. He was the youngest child of John Bothe of Barton, and of 
his second wife Maud, daughter of Sir John Savage knt., and grandson of the last- 
named founder. He was born about the year 1400, ordained Sub-deacon 2oth Sep- 
tember 1421, and not admitted to the order of the priesthood until the year 1446. 
(Eaine's MS. Fasti JEborac.) He was educated at Cambridge, appointed Master of 
Pembroke Hall in 1450, and was Chancellor of the University 1456-58. (Le Neve, 
Hardy, vol. iii. pp. 600, 673.) In 1451 he was appointed Lord Privy Seal, and in 
1454, being Chaplain to Queen Margaret, he was appointed her Chancellor. He was 
collated to the prebendal stall of Offley at Lichfield i7th June 1449, which he 
resigned for Tervin about 1455. (Le Neve, Hardy, vol. ii. pp. 616, 630.) He also 
held prebends at York, and was collated to the Archdeaconry of Richmond 2ist 
August 1454. He became Dean of St. Paul's, London, 22nd November 1456, and in 
the following year was consecrated Bishop of Durham. (Ibid. vol. iii. p. 140.) In 
1472 he was appointed Lord High Chancellor of England, and discharged the duties 
for about two years, when he was dismissed owing to his political incornpetency. 
(Campbell's CJianc. vol. i. p. 389 ; Newcourt's Rep. vol. i. p. 44.) In 1476 he became 
Archbishop of York, and died at Southwell i9th May 1480, where he was buried near 
his half brother and predecessor, Archbishop William Bothe. The Chantry of St. 
Katherine, in the Church of his native village, was founded by him 28 Henry YI. 1450, 
although his half brother William, at that time Bishop of Lichfield, seems to have 
been closely associated with him as co-founder. Henry YI. granted a licence to 
William Bothe, Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield; Laurence Bothe, Clerk; John 
Byron, knt.; Richard Bothe, Clerk ; and Seth Worsley ; to found a perpetual Chantry 
of two Chaplains in the parish Church of B. Mary of Eccles, in the county of Lan- 



133 

pell of Jhu w^in the saide churche and to distribute yerlie in 
almes to poore people xx s and to kepe and maintien the quere at 

caster, for the welfare of the said Bishop, of Laurence Bothe, and of others named, 
whilst living, and for their souls after death. And that the Chaplains of the Chantry 
of St. Katherine the Virgin, in the said Church, and their successors, should have 
lands, rents and tenements, of the yearly value of twenty-four marks, for their 
support for ever. The licence is dated Westminster, 22nd January 28 Henry VI. 
1450. (Reg. Bothe, LicTif.) William, Bishop of Lichfield, vested the lands in 
Byron, Bothe and Worsley, and made provision that the Bishops of Lichfield, or 
their Vicars General, should appoint Chaplains to the said Chantry, who should not 
be absent more than thirty days in a year, nor hold any ecclesiastical office out of the 
parish of Eccles, and that they should daily observe all the hours, according to the 
use of Saruin, and say mass for the dead, viz. Placebo and Dirige, with the Lessons^ 
and Commendacionem, for the souls of King Henry VI. and Queen Margaret, William 
the Bishop, and for all persons to whom God had made him a debtor ; and also to 
celebrate the mass De Jiora on festivals. Vestments, books, chalices and other orna- 
ments were to be kept in the vicarage house, and not to be removed, but to be care- 
fully preserved, and to be supplied from time to time at the costs of the Chaplains, 
who were forbidden to celebrate mass anywhere except in Eccles Church. On double 
festivals the Chaplains were always to walk in procession, in the said parish of Eccles, 
with other priests, and in canonical hours, viz. matins, mass and vespers, they shall 
celebrate in their surplices with note, devoutly and with skill, within the Choir of the 
Church. On Thursday in every week, whilst the founder lives, one of the Chaplains 
shall say Mass of Reguiem, with note, if he can do it conveniently ; otherwise without 
note, for the souls of those hereafter named, and for all the faithful departed, viz. : on 
Sunday next after the feast of the Nativity of the B. V. M. for the souls of John and 
Joanna, my father and mother; and on the ist June, being the day of the death of 
Margery, my sister, late wife of Sir John Byron knt. ; and on the day of the death 
of Sir Robert Bothe knt. ; on the day of the death of my brother, Roger Bothe ; on 
the days of the death of Nicholas, son of Sir John Byron, and of William, son of Sir 
Robert Bothe knt. ; and on the days of the death of the said Sir John Byron knt., 
Richard and Laurence Bothe, Clerks, and Seth Worsley ; and on these days to say 
Placebo and Dirige, with Lessons and Commendation, and Mass of Requiem, in the 
Chapel of St. Katherine aforesaid. And on the founder's anniversary day, which is 
to be solemnly observed in the said Chapel, xxx s shall be annually distributed, viz. to 
the Vicar of Eccles vi d (sex denarii), and to each Chaplain and to each conduct 
present vi d , and to other Chaplains present in honour of the anniversary iiii d : to the 
parish Clerk of Eccles iiii d ; and to the four Clerks singing viii d , viz. to each ii d ; for 
oblations at the mass xx d , to be distributed generally in Eccles ; the residue of the 
said xxx s , together with xx s more to be given amongst the poor of Eccles, namely to 
every poor person i d ; and on the anniversary of the said John and Joanna Bothe x 8 
to be distributed The Chaplains to receive equal portions of the endowment, and to 



134 

divine <fuice unto which college ther is appropriate one mancon 
w*h a gardyne one orchard and a crofte and also the psonage of 

conduct themselves religiously, honestly and peaceably, and never to use vexatious or 
opprobrious words, nor to act contumaciously towards each other, otherwise the Yicar 
of Eccles shall fine the offender xii d for each offence, which sum shall be disposed 
of by the Vicar and the other Chaplain as they may think proper. A decent board 
or table shall be provided, to contain the names of the said William the Bishop, and 
the names and surnames of John and Joanna, his parents ; Sir John Byron, Richard 
Bothe, Laurence Bothe, Seth Worsley, Sir Thomas Bothe knt., Sir Eobert Bothe 
int., John and Roger, sons of the said John Bothe ; Margaret, late wife of the said 
Sir John Byron ; Elizabeth, late wife of Sir Edward Wever knt. ; Katharine, late 
wife of Sir Thomas Radclyff knt. ; Joan, late wife of Thomas Southworth Esq. ; and 
Alice, wife of Robert Clyfton Esq., daughters of the said John Bothe j also the 
names of Dulce, wife of Robert Bothe knt. ; Richard aud Nicholas Byron, sons of 
Sir John Byron ; William, son of Robert Bothe knt. ; Thomas, son of Thomas Bothe 
knt. ; Robert Bothe, son of the said Thomas ; and Robert Langley Esq. and Thomas 
his son. And the said board shall be placed above the altar, in the said Chapel 
of St. Katherine, that the Chaplains may see it, and may daily pray for those whose 
names are thereon inscribed. Many minute rules are added respecting the rents, 
goods, disbursements and annual accounts, whilst provision is made that a sum of 
4.ol. more, if necessary, shall be expended on the Chantry ; and a general power is 
vested in the trustees named for executing the plans and intentions of the founder. 
Dated at Clayton, near Manchester, 2oth July, 28 Henry VI. 1450. Bothe's Reg. 
LicTif. p. 89 et seq. 

The third Chantry or College, styled " the College of Jesus and the B. Virgin Mary," 
in the Church of Eccles, was founded in the year 1460 by the above-named William 
Bothe D.D., Lord Archbishop of York. His mother was Joan, daughter of Sir Henry 
Trafford of Trafford knt. His preferments, like those of his brothers Laurence, Arch- 
bishop of York, and of John Bishop of Exeter, and of several others of his relatives, 
were scandalously profuse. In 1420 he was collated to a Prebend in Lincoln Cathe- 
dral, which he vacated the next year. (Le Neve, Hardy, vol. ii. p. 209.) He was a 
Fellow of Manchester College in 1425 and 1430 and Rector of Prescot in Lancashire ; 
(Fasti Mancun. a MS.), also Canon of St. Paul's, Archdeacon of Middlesex, Chancellor 
of London and of the University of Cambridge. (Le Neve, Hardy, vol. iii. p. 600.) 
He was appointed Bishop of Lichfield in 1447, which see he resigned in 1452 on 
being translated to the Archiepiscopal see of York, which he vacated by death Sep- 
tember 2oth 1464. Shaw's Hist, of Staffbrds. vol. i. p. 271 j Baines's Hist. Lane. 
vol. iii. p. 149 ; Raine's York Fair. Rolls, p. 213 ; Newcourt's Rep. vol. i. p. 80. 

King Henry VI. on the ist December 1460, granted a licence to William Bothe 
Archbishop of York, Nicholas Byron, Robert Clyfton, Richard Bothe and Seth 
Worsley Esqrs., to enable them to found a Chantry in the Church of B. Mary of 
Eccles for two Chaplains, there to celebrate for the good estate of the said founders, 



Cfjmttws, 1 3 5 

Bethom to the maneteifnce and suppleinge of tlie saide Incum- 
bent livinges. 

whilst living, and also for their souls after death, and to allow them and their suc- 
cessors to take lands, tenements, rents, services and other possessions from any one 
by the name of " the Chaplains of the Chantry of Jesus and B. Mary the Virgin" in 
the parish Church of Eccles. The founders (as such they are described) give to three 
or more of their body the Rectory of Bethom and its advowson in the county of 
Westmoreland, to hold to the said Chaplains and their successors for ever ; to celebrate 
daily in the said Chapel at Eccles aforesaid, and to say mass before the arrival of the 
parishioners ; to pray for King Henry VI. and for the said Archbishop and his co- 
founders (as they are styled), and for all the faithful ; the Chaplains always to be 
" capaces et habiles," and each of them to receive seven marks per annum. The 
patronage is vested in the Archbishop during his life, and after his death in the said 
Nicholas Byron and the other feoffees during their joint lives, and afterwards in Sir 
Robert Bothe knt. and Nicholas, son of Sir John Byron kut., and the heirs male of their 
respective bodies lawfully begotten. The ordinances, services and statutes of the College 
are minutely described, and are nearly similar to those already abstracted from the founda- 
tion deed of the Chantry of St. Katheriue, in the said Church. The Archbishop's 
anniversary is to be observed with due solemnity for ever, and he gives xxx 8 annually 
to be distributed in alms. He also provides that a house and certain chambers shall 
be built on a vacant spot near the Church yard of Eccles with his money, and that 
this manse shall serve for the residence of the Chaplains of St. Katherine and the 
Chaplains of Jesus and the B. V. Mary, who shall have a common hall and shall table 
together. Special care is to be taken in selecting the Chaplains, so that good men 
may be appointed ; and if at any time any Chaplain be impeached, and convicted by 
law, of felony, or of fornication, or of adultery, to be proved before the Church, or 
shall keep a concubine or concubines, his place shall be declared ipso facto vacant, 
and another Chaplain be appointed. A roll is to be provided, inscribed with names 
of individuals whose obits are to be kept, and to be suspended above the altar. The 
obits are nearly similar to those already recorded. The ordinary provisions follow. 
Dated at the Manor of Scroby 6th May 1460. (Seff. Botfie, lAchf. pp. 95-105, 
collated with Reg. JBothe, York, p. 245.) The following "special prayers," evidently 
written by the Archbishop himself, are to be used : 

Specialis Oratio. 

Concede quidem, Domine Deus noster, ut anima famuli tui Willelmi pontificis, cujus 
commemoracionem speciali devocione agimus, et pro qua exorare jussi et debitores 
sumus atque animis omnium parentum consanguineorum et famuliarium suorum 
cunctorumque fidelium, in funeribus sanctorum tuorum requiescant moxque ex mortuis 
resuscitatse tibi placeant in regione vivorum, per Dominum nostrum, etc. 

Secretum. 

Ha3C munera, Domine, quse oculis Tuse Majestatis offerimus animse famuli Tui, 
Willelmi pontificis, cujus commemoracionem speciali devocione agimus, pro qua 



1 36 Hamcasfjtre (Efjantries. 

Cnltyje 0f ^If^ff 8^ sa ^ i g * n the chapel of Jiiu w^in the poch church of 
|j^i[ Ekles and accordinglie all the said preistf are residente and 
doth celebrate kepe and manteyrie and distribute to pore people 

exorare jussi et debitores sumus atque animabus omnium parentum consanguineorum 
ac famuliarium suorum cunctorumque fidelium, salutaria esse concede, ut Tua pietate 
vinculis horrendse mortis exutis, eternse beatitudinii mereantur esse participes, per 
Dominum etc. 

In the post communion. 

Deus, qui in estimabili misericordia animas mortalium ab angustiis transfers ad 
requiem, propiciare supplicacionibus nostris pro anima famuli Tui, Willelmi pontificis, 
cujus [as before] ut eas paradiso restituens in Tua censeas sorte justorum, Per Do- 
minum etc. 

The Archbishop's will is dated Southwell, 2 6th August 1464, and he was not 
unmindful of his Eccles College : " Item, volo quod executores mei faciant mansionem 
pro capellanis per me ordinatis in ecclesia parochiali de Eccles cum ornamentis pro 
capellanis predictis ad celebrandum divina in dicta ecclesia parochiali de Eccles. Item 
do et lego capellanis Cantariai Sanctse Katerinse in dicta ecclesia parochiali de Eccles 
xl u . Item do et lego capellanis Cantarise de Ihesu in dicta ecclesia parochiali de 
Eccles xl u ." (Testam. Elorac. vol. ii. p. 264-67 Surtees Soc.) The notes appended 
by the learned Editor to this will are very valuable, being quite a treasury of original 
Lancashire biography. 

Sir Gervas, son and heir of Sir Eobert Clifton of Clifton, in the county of Notts, 
knt., (by his wife Alice, daughter of John Booth of Barton, in the county of Lan- 
caster and sister of the Archbishop of York), in his will, dated April 27th, 1491, says : 
" I will yat an obligation of xvii 1 which y e Prior of y e Trinities in York is bounde in 
to my lorde Laurence be sued, and the money yerof commyng be imploied abowte the 
reparacions and oyer necessaries of my said lord chauntrees and chapell at Suthwell 

I will yat all y e auter-clothes of silke, a bed of cloth of gold bawdkyne and 

an oyer bed of russet satin which were my said lord Laurence be delyvered unto his 
chauntres at Suthwell to make vestimentes and oyer ornaments of by th'advice of 
Thomas Orston and parte of theym to be delyvered to the chauntres of my lorde 

William both at Eccles I will in discharging of my saule yat if y e Church of 

Slatburn may be recovered oute of y e Kynges hands, by y e means and labor of any 
kynsman or frende of myne lorde William Both late Archbishop of Yorke, yat myne 
executors imploy and spende yerupon C marc, or a C H , if hit can be made sure unto 
my said lordes chauntres at Eccles, according to his appropriacion." (He ob i2th 
May, 6 Henry YII.) Eaine's Hist. Par. of myth, 4to, p. 142. 1860. 

Eor some account of the Parsonage of Bethom, with which Archbishop William 
Booth endowed his College at Eccles, see Nicolson and Burn, vol. i., p. 218-19, an( ^ 
for the fate of the Advowson of Slaidburn, which belonged to Laurence Booth, clerk, 
and was by him conveyed as an endowment to St. Katherine's Chantry (and not as 



Ctyanttte*. 1 3 7 

ther of w c h preistf two beinge fellowe} ather of them receyvyth 
yerlie for ther salaryes vj n xiij s iiij d and the third being called the 
conduct haith for his salary iiii u xiij s iiij d all w c h by the occa- 



Dr. Whitaker states, " to the Church of St. Catherine of Eccles"), and also the appro- 
priation of the Eectory to the same by Archbishop William Booth, see Whitaker's 
Craven, p. 27, and Hist, of Whalley, p. 477. 

In 1535 the Commissioners for the Deanery of Manchester not very accurately 
assessed the Chantries of Eccles as follows ; the two equal assessments probably 
ought to follow the names of the two episcopal founders : " De Cantaria ibidem, ex 
fundacione Thome Bothe xiii s iiii d Tenths ; xii s Subsidy. De alia Cantaria ibidem 
ex fundacione p'd'ct. [Dom. Laur. Bothe Ep'i. ?] xiii 8 iiii d T; xii 8 Sub. Ric'us 
Hyde Cantaria apud Eccles ex fundacione D'n'i W. Bothe Ar'pi. Allocat. de digni- 
tate xvii s vi d ob. Lane. MSS., vol. xvii. p. 288. 

In 1548 Eoger Okill, aged 52, received yearly vi u xiii s iiii d , and also "duringe an- 
other man's life" vi 11 xiii* ; George Wyrrall, aged 46, received yearly vi u xiii s iiii d ; 
Richard Hide, a scholar of Camebrige, aged 22, had for his salary iiii 11 xii s iiii d ; the 
howsling people of Eccles parish numbered ij m ; 62 ounces of plate in the College, 
and the ornaments belonging to the same are valued at xiii s iiii d . Lib. . Duck. Lane. 

Cantaristce de Eccles. 

1460, 5 Junii. D. Joh'es Baddesworth presb. admiss. ad primam Capell. Cantar' 
J'hu et B. Y. M. in ecclesia paroch. de Eccles de novo erect, et fundat., et 
canonice institut. fuit in persona Dom. Thome Byrom L. B. Canon Eccl'ie de 
Lichfield procur. dicti domini Joh'is, ad present. Eever mi in xp'o p'ris W. d. g. 
Ebor. Archiep'i Angl. primat. et Ap'lice sedis Legati veri ipsius Cantar' patron. 
Reg. Hales, Lichf. 
1460, 5 Junii. D. Thomas Shypton, presbyter, was instituted to the second Chap- 

lainship at the same Altar, on the same presentation. Ibid. 

1466, 31 April. Peter Halsted, presb r , admitted to the Chantry of Jesus and B. Y. 
Mary at Eccles, on the resignation of Master John Baddesworth. Patrons, 
Sir Eobert Clyfton knt., Eichard Bothe and Seth Worsley Esq TS . Ibid. 
14.66, 23 May. D. Ealph Legh admitted to the first Chaplaincy of the Chantry in 
honour of S. Katherine the Virgin, in the Church of Eccles, lately founded, 
vacant by the death of Sir Eobert Baguley, the last Chaplain, on the nomina- 
tion of Laurence, Bishop of Durham, and Seth Worsley Esq., patrons. 
Ibid. 

1468, 10 April. D. Oliver Smelt, Chaplain, "ad secundam Capellanam unius per- 
petualis Cantarise duorum Capellanorum in Ecclesia B. M. Y. de Eccles," 
on the resignation of Peter Berdesley. Patrons, John, Bishop of Exeter, 
Eichard Bothe and Seth Worsley Esq rs . Ibid. 

1468, 9 March. D. James Burch, Capell. to the first Chaplaincy of one perpetual 
Chantry of two Chaplains at Eccles, vacant by the death of Master Peter Hal- 




1 3 8 Hancasljire (Styantrtea* 

sion of the large circuyte of the said poche and the vicare therof 
not able to mynystre to all the safh be enforsed often and many 
tymes to mynystre sacrementes to the pocheners of the same 
poche. 

Plate antr frt one chale} of sylu weinge by es! x u 03 

It viij vestementes. 
iij copes. 
I? two Tunycles. 

. . . howseholde stuffe. 

II iij brasse pottes. 

I? iij olde pannes brasse. 

K xiij 1 pecf of pewthel vessell. 

It one brandreth of yron. 

sted. Patrons, Sir Robert Clyfton knt., Richard Bothe and Seth Worsley 
Esq rs , Executors of William, late Lord Archbishop of York. Ibid. 

1487, 30 Nov. D. Robert Alman adm. to the Chantry of B. Katherine the Virgin, 
in the Church of Eccles, vacant by the death of Ralph Legh, and instituted by 
his Proctor, William Bulcley. Patron, William Bothe. Ibid. 

1487, 30 Nov. William Bukley, p'br., instituted to the second Chantry in the 
Church of Eccles, vac. by the death of Henry Redych. Patron, Sir John 
Byron knt. Ibid. 

1497, February 15. William Crampe, Capell. ad 2 m Capellan' ad Cantar' Ihu 
in eccles. de Eccles, per resign' Edmundi Beswick, ult. Capell. ad present. 
Nicholai Byron Arm. Reg. Arundel, LicJif. 

1498, April 21. D. Thorn Sedell et D. Will. Bretherton p'b'ri, ad Cantar' S. 
Katharine V. in ecclesid de Eccles. Hid. 

1519, June 5. D'n's Thurstan Cocker, Cap. ad Cantar' Jesu et B. Virgin. Marie in 
Ecclesi& de Eccles, ad present. D'ne Joan Clyfton et Joh'is Byron. Reg. 
BlytJie, LicJif. 

1534, July 24. D'n's Georg. Bowker Cap. ad Cantar. perpet. Jesu et B. V. M. in 
eccl. de Eccles, per mort. Thurst. Cocker ult. Incumb. ad pres. D'ni Joh'is 
Byron, Milit. Reg. Lee, LicJif. 

1539, May 9. D. Roger' Okell, ad Cantar' pp. Jesu et Virg. Marie in Eccles. de 
Eccles, per resign. D'ni Georgii Bowker, ad present. Georg. Booth de Dun- 
ham Massey Arm. Ibid. 



Cfjantwa, 139 

I ij b r oches of yron. 

I? one chassen dish of latten. 

K one skem) of latten. 

I? one basyn w*h one ewer masslye. 

I? ij keires of woode. 

I? iij Standes of woode. 

mancon howse scituate in the towne of Ekles in the 
countie of Lancastre w*h one gardyne one orcharde and one 
crofte adioynynge therunto cont by es one acr by yere to be lett 

to fer me worth v a 

WnTm Loncaster holdyth the psonage of Bethom 41 in the countie 
of Westml lande by Indenture for the terme of xxj yeres dated the 
ffirst day Octobre a xxv to K. R. nunc rentinge yerlie at the ffeastes 

of Easter and Mighelmas equallie xxxvij m 

Snf totall of the Rentall xxxvip v s 

wherof 
Payde to the vicare of Bethom by composicon for a pencon 

goinge furth of the psonage ther yerlie xiij 11 vj s viij d 

Payde to the kinge o 9 soueigne lorde to thandes of the receyvo 9 
of the landes of the late monasterie of saynte Marie w^oute the 
citie of Yorke for a pencon goinge furth of the said College by 

yere xl 3 

Paide to the Archdecon of Yorke for a pencon goinge furth of 

the same college by yere xiij s iiij d 

Paide to the vicare of Ekles for a rente goinge furth of the man- 
con howse yerlie iij 8 iiij d 

Sm" totall of the annuall reprise} xvj n iij s iiij d 

And so remanyth xxij 11 xx d 

41 For a short account of the appropriation of the Church of Bethom, and the 
present owners or claimants of the Eccles Chantries, see Q-astrell's Not. Cestr. vol. ii. 
part i. pp. 48-9. 



140 



Cftauntrie to tfte Cfoapeil of Clfterotoe 
to t&e p'orfc of 



12 



^m m/ / 

m % / 
V i 



Cfjatttrg ^m m/ / tlltasn Sklater preiste Incumbent ther of the ffounda- 

an * ecessors f Thomas Ratclyff to celebrate 



ther for ther sowle}. 



42 This Chantry, situated in the south choir of St. Mary's Church, Clitheroe, was 
founded, according to Whitaker (Whalley, p. 281), by Sir Eichard Kadcliffe of the 
Alleys in Clitheroe and of Winmerly near Garstang knight, although Mr. Eadclyffe, 
late Rouge Croix, attributed the foundation to Thomas Kadcliffe, the son of Sir 
Eichard. (MS. Fed.) The father, Sir Eichard, was summoned to parliament at West- 
minster by the style of Chevalier A 7 Henry IV., became Escheator of the county 
palatine of Lancaster 2 Henry V., attended the king into France with three men at arms 
and nine archers at the Battle of Agincourt 3 Henry Y., and was at the Siege of Calais 7 
Henry V. He was a Justice of the Peace for Lancashire by commission dated 2nd 
March, 5 Henry V. ; Deputy of Calais u Henry VI.; and dying 12 Henry VI. 
(and not 19 as stated in Gastrell's Not. Cestr. vol. ii. part ii. p. 320), was succeeded 
by his son, the presumed founder of this Chantry. Thomas Eadcliffe, the son, 
attended the king with two men at arms and six archers to the Siege of Calais ; and 9 
Henry V. served that monarch in France with three men at arms and nine archers. 
In 2 Henry VI. he was returned Knight of the Shire for Lancaster, and appointed 
Justice of the Peace for the palatinate by commission dated 1 2th March, 1 8 Henry 
VI. Having been zealously attached to the Lancastrian interest, he died in the year 
1440, having married, by licence from Pope John XXIII. 12 Henry VI., Katherine, 
daughter of John Booth of Barton Esq. by Joan his first wife, daughter of Sir Henry 
Trafford knt., and sister of William Booth, Lord Archbishop of York. She survived 
her husband, and married secondly Nicholas Boteler of Eawcliffe Esq., who obtained 
a dispensation for his marriage in the nones of May 1441, " quia tertia gradu consan- 
guinitatis," and licence thereon 1442. She was living in 1477. (Eadcliffe MS. Ped.\ 
Lane. MSS. vol. xii. ; Surtees' Hist. Durham, vol. iii. p. 128.) In this Chantry were 
two cumbent figures of a knight and lady in alabaster, supposed to represent the 
founder and his wife, as the armour was entirely of plate, such as was usually worn 
in the middle of the fifteenth century. (Whitaker's Hist. Wlialley, p. 281.) 
Thomas Eadcliffe Esq. died seized of the family possessions in Clitheroe and elsewhere 
in Lancashire 30 Henry VIII. 1538, and his only son William dying issueless 3 Eliza- 
beth, the estates passed to Sir Gilbert Gerard, Master of the Eolls, who had married 
Ann, half sister of the last owner. Lane. MSS. vol. xii. 

In 1535 the Commissioners of the Deanery of Blackburn assessed " Cantaria apud 
Clideroe, in manu W. Sclater," for tenths vii s viii d ob. and for the subsidy vi s xi d ob. 




ILattcaalnre &J)antvtes. 1 4 1 

l)C sain Cliapell is distant from ?he poch church [of Whalley] Clttfjtrne 
iij myle} and at this day the sam preist doth celebrate the? 
accordinglie. 



one* Plate 



fjomas Coltehurst holdyth two close} lieng w%in his demane 
of Edesforth near Edesforth Brige in the countie of Yorke 
cont iiij acres .......................... ................................ viij 8 

Christopher Sotherne holdyth one tefite w*h thapffefnct lienge 
in Ashley in the countie of Lancastre rentinge yerlie at the ffeastes 
of pentecost and m 9 tynemes equallie ................... . ...... xxxij 8 

John Parkinson holdyth ij acre of grouude in Claughton in the 
said countie ....................... ...................................... v* 



q'. (Lane. MSS. vol. xxii.) This is an instance of a Chantry being served by a 
parish priest. Slater's name occurs in Whitaker's catalogue of the Incumbents of 
Clitheroe (Whalley, p. 287), and the Chantry Commissioners of Edward VI. stated 
that in 1548 William Slater was " of the age of Ixxvi yeres, a lame man, and was hurte 
at Floden Felde." If he had been Incumbent here from the year 1514 and died in 
1551 (Whalley, p. 287), he had held the benefice for thirty-seven years, and being 
born about the year 1471, was of the age of forty-three at the time he accompanied 
the army probably as a Chaplain to Flodden. We have in Lancashire too few records 
of Flodden to spare even this casual mention of one who had witnessed the carnage, 
and who long afterwards lived to relate his adventures on that dismal day to his rustic 
parishioners of Clitheroe. Would that some "honest chronicler" had been at hand! 
" Tradition, legend, tune and song 

Shall many an age that wail prolong ; 

Still from the sire the son shall hear 

Of the stern strife and carnage drear 
Of Flodden's fatal field, 

When shiver'd was fair Scotland's spear 

And broken was her shield." 

Marmion, Canto vi. 

On the dissolution a stipend of 3^. 9*. zd. was charged on the revenues of the 
Duchy of Lancaster, payable to the Clerk or Incumbent of Clitheroe. Baines, 
vol. i. p. 1 80. 



1 4 2 Hancaafjtr* 

Richard Kinge holdyth one burgage w% one acr of lande in 
Cliderowe in the saide countie rentinge yerlie e.t. equallie .. vj s 

Thomas Atkinson holdyth vj acres of grounde lienge in Chatburn 
in the said countie by copy of courte Kolle ou and besides the chief 
rent dewe e.? vij s iiij d 

Richard Hole holdyth iij acres of grounde lienge in Worston 
in the said countie rentinge yerlie e.r. ou and besides the fire 
rent vj s 

The same Richard holdyth one crofte ther rentinge yerlie o3 

and besides the chief rent payde to the kinge......... ij s vj d 

Snf totall of the rentall lxvj s x d 

Reprises none. 



Cfte ttfrauntrfe in tfte C&apel of pa&efo a m. 




43 



Cfiantru *Y"^ att ^ Thorn ebarghe preiste incumbent ther of the ffbunda- 
-con of the antecessors of John Marshall ther to celebrate 
for ther sowle} and to distribute yerlie the ffirst day of 
Marche to pore people xxxiij 8 iiij d . 

43 This Chantry, dedicated to St. Leonard, was founded at Padiham, in the parish 
of Whalley, in the year 1451, by Mr. John Marshall LL.B., who was a wealthy 
native of that extensive parish, and connected in early life with Cardinal Langley, to 
whom he was chiefly indebted for his not scanty preferments in the Church. 
Whitaker says his " descendants" enjoyed his property at Padiham nearly a century 
after the foundation of the Chantry. The following memorandum is from the 
Towneley MSS. : " Whereas Kynge Henry y e YI. did graunte unto one Mr. Joh. 
Maresheale a lycense dated vii Feb. an. regni xxx to purchase certayne landes 
for y e use of a Chauntrie Priest at y e churche or chapell of Padyham, which 
sayde lycense of late tyme was in custody of Syr Jhon Townley knt. y e sayd Syr 
Jhon hath putte y e sayde lycense into y e sure custody of y e abbot and convente 
of Whalley for ever." (Whitaker's Hist. Whalley, p. 267) "John MareshaU 
in utroque jure baccalaureus" was collated by Bishop Langley 2oth March, 1423-4, 
to a prebendal stall at Lanchester (Reg. Langley, p. 1 15, 6. Durham), and on the 
23rd July, 1433, was collated by the same prelate to the Mastership of Sherburn 
Hospital, which he held at his death. (Surtees 5 Hist. Durham) vol. i. p. 138.) On 




Hattca8f)tre Chantries* 143 

same is w^in the poch of Whalley and distant from the patf 
poch church iiij or myle} so that ther is reparinge to the sain 



the 1 7th March 1434 he was instituted to the Eectory of Heversham (Harl. MS, 
No. 6978), resigning for it the Eectory of Scruton in Yorkshire, which gave him his 
title for the order of priest in February 1427-8. He was presented to Heversham by 
the Prior and Convent of St. Mary's, York (the Abbot being absent) ; and he settled 
an annual pension of xl marcs on Richard Arnall, his predecessor, afterwards Pre- 
bendary of York, who vacated the benefice in his favour. (MS. Reg. Archidiac. 
Richmond.) He was Cardinal Langley's Yicar- General, and visited the Convent of 
Durham in 1437, being appointed in the same year guardian of the temporalities of 
the See of Durham, on the death of the Cardinal. (Surtees' Hist. Durham, vol. i. 
p. 139.) He was collated to the Prebend of Barnby at York 5th June 1438 (Le 
Neve, Hardy, vol. iii. p. 171), and of Weighton 28th August 1443 (Ibid. p. 224); 
and on the 29th May 1439 was instituted to the Prebend of Saltmarsh at Howden, 
which stall, together with that of Normanton at Southwell, he held at the time of his 
death. Ten years before this event occurred he founded his Chantry at Padiham. 
His will is dated February 24th 1461-2, being then Canon Residentiary of York. He 
desired to be buried in the Minster, near the tomb of John Wodham, late Canon. 
He gave to Mr. John Seudale his best piece, silver gilt ; to the Abbey of "Whalley a 
bowl and ewer, to pray for him ; to each brother and sister in his Hospital at Sher- 
burn xl s ; to his poor parishioners at Wheldrake xxvi 3 viii d ; to G-eorge Marshall, 
Chaplain, to pray for him at Wheldrake, for ten years, viii marks per annum. Proved 
at York 27th March 1462, Raine's MS. Fasti Eborac. 

In 1535 the Subsidy Commissioners for the Deanery of Blackburn assessed the 
" Cantaria apud Padeham," for tenths ix s iiii d and for the subsidy viii 8 v d . (Lane. 
MSS. vol. xxii. p. 288.) In 1548 Rafe Thorber, aged 42, held the living. (Lib. _B. 
Duch. Lane.) At the dissolution the stipend of the Clerk at Padiham Chapel charged 
upon the revenues of the Duchy of Lancaster was 61. 195, id. Baines's Lane. vol. i. 
p. 180; Bishop Gastrell's Not. Cestr. vol. ii. part ii. p. 343-4. 

CantaristcB de Padiham. 

1445, Aug. 28. D'n's Oliver Hall cap. admiss. fuit ad Cantar. perpet. S. Leonardi 
de Padiam nuper fundatam et erectam per vener. vir Mag'r Joh. Mareschall 
Baccal. in utroque legibus. Reg. Boulers, Lichf. p. 39. 

1486, Nov. 6. D'n's Radulf. Teyleor Capell. adm. ad Cantar. fundat' nou'it' in ca- 
pella de Padeam in honore S ci Leonardi p' venerabilem virum Mag' Joh'em 
Marchall in utroque jure baccalaur' ad presentac' Grvydonis Marchall ejusdem 
Cantarie fundator. (qu. patron) Reg. Hales, Lichf. 

1494. Jan. 1 6. D. John Shotilworth presb' ad Cantar. perpet. in Capella S ci Leo- 
nardi infra paroch. de Blakeburn \_sic\ vac. per mort. Radulfi Taylor: Et 
Capellan. perpet. in persona Lauren' Towneley p'curatoris legit, et canon, in- 
stitut. Reg. Smith, Lichf. 



144 

of the Inhitantf adioyuynge nere therunto the number of CCC 
people daly and the sam preist is remanyng ther and doth cele- 
brate and distribute accordinglie. 

1496, Dec, 7. D'n's Will'us Hesketh Cap. ad Cantar. S'ci Leonard! de Padeham 
in par. de Whalley per mort. D'ni Joh'is Shotilworth "ad present, discretiviri 
Guidonis Marshall p'och de Etton. Ebor. Dioc., veri ip'ius Cantarise patroni." 
Reg. Arundel, Lichf. 

1503, Mar. 26. Trystremus Yate cler. instit. ad Cant. S. Leon. Paydiam vac. 
p. mort. D'ni Willi' Hesketh ad present. Guidonis Marschall. Reg. Hit/the, 
Lichf. 

1505, Apr. 21. Thomas Broke inst. ad Cantar. S. Leon, de Padiham vac. per mort. 
Trystram Yate ad pres. Ricardi Marschall. Ibid. 

1513, Feb. 20. Hugh Hargreves adm. ad Cantar. S, Leonardi Padiham per resig. 
Thome Broke* ad pres. Bicardi Marshall patroni et instit. per Mag' Thorn, 
ffitzherbert sacroru' canonic' professor et vicariu' in spirit bs generalem. Ibid. 

1536, Aug. 5. Mr. John Clerke to the Perpetual Chantry of St. Leonard of Pady- 
ham, otherwise called " Marshall's Chantry," in Whalley, vacant by the death 
of Hugh Hargreaves on the presentation of King Henry VIII. " fidei defensor," 
by reason that y e Advowsons of Thomas (John ?) late Abbot of Whalley, as 
well as the goods and chattels, moveable and unmoveable of the said Abbot as 
well as of the Monastery of Whalley, having come to the hands of the King's 
Majesty by reason of a statute of Parliament for suppressing the said Monastery 
and certain other Monasteries and Religious Houses in the realm, notoriously 
dissolute and disaffected. Reg. Lee, Lichf. As the Abbot had no vested 
right in this Chantry, here was clearly an act of gross injustice on the part of 
the King, which seems to have been resisted by the Founder's representative, 
who is afterwards described in the Bishop's Register as " Thomas Mareshall of 
Padyham, the undoubted Patron of this Chantry, but not pro Me vice" as the 
Crown had already presented; a species of logic not quite unintelligible but 
hardly in accordance with the ordinary rules of moral honesty. Marshall 
recovered and exercised his right as the Patron of the Chantry. 

1539, March 6. Thomas Bee adm. to the Chaplaincy of the Chantry of Padyam 
on the death of Mr. John Clerk, on the present, of Thomas Marshall Gent. 
Patron. Ibid. 

1541 Ralph Thornborough adm. to the Chaplaincy of Padyam on the pre- 
sent, of Tho. Marshall Gent. 

14 April, 12 Eliz. Amongst certain clerical delinquents of the parish of Black- 
burn appeared before the Bishop of Chester " Mr. John Marshall (of Padi- 
ham ?), and upon his corporate othe he denied to have in his custodie, or to 

* " Eruke." Whitaker, p. 533. 




f)antrtes* 145 

one* 



wyff of Thomas Marshall holdyth one tefite w% thap- 

e lienge in Allerthorpe in the countie of Yorke S*"??* an * 
rentinge yerlie at the ffeastes of M 9 tynemes and Whitsonday 
equallie .......................................................... xlviij 3 vj d 

Gyles Horeby Robert Keighley and Thomas Stopholme holden 

lienge in Walkeringlfm in the countie of Notingh a m rentinge 
yerlie at the termes of ........................... C s 

Snf totall of the rentall ..... vij 11 viij s vj d 

Reprise} none. 



C&auntrte in tfte C&april 



RtCfjarS) Woode pst incumbent ther of the ffoundacon Cfjantrg 
of the antecessors of Thomas Hesket esquier ther to 
celebrate for ther sowle} and the sain chapell haith licence 
to cristen wedde and burie and to mynystre sacrament^ to the 
Infritantf nigh adionynge. 



know where, anie old Romish bokes be remayninge, wherof he is accused, 
savinge one olde Latin primer, w ch he is enioined to bringe in to this Cowrt 
betwene this and the firste daie of May next, and the said Marshall is dis- 
missed." In the margin is added " Mem. that hee browght in the boke 
accordinglie." US Lib. Correct, in Cur. apud Cestr. 

44 This Chantry, dedicated to St. Bartholomew, was erected at the east end of the 
south aisle of Harwood Church, by Thomas Hesketh of Martholme Hall Esq., the 
manorial owner of Grreat Harwood, Eufford, &c. He was the son and heir of Sir 
William Hesketh of Eufford knt. (who was living 29 Edward III. 1355), and married 
Margaret, daughter of Sir Thomas Banastre, Baron of Newton, K.Gr., by whom he 
had issue three sons. (Lane. MSS. vols. iii. and xii.) In the year 1389 John 
Nowell of Mereley Esq. did homage in the Chapel of Great Harwood for his estate of 
Netherton to Thomas Hesketh Esq. (Whitaker's Hist. Whalley, p. 434; Gastrell's 

U 



146 Hattcasln're <f)antrte& 

%^f fie sam is wthin the poch of Blakborne and distant from 
Cfjsntrg will) 

|pi|g, the poch church iiij or myle} and the sam preist doth my- 

nystre and celebrate ther accordinglie and ther is of the Iniiitantf 
nigh adionynge reparyng to the sam chapell the nombre of C.C.C.C. 
houselinge people. 

one chale} of silu weinge by es? viij on} 

! It one vestmente of Tawny Chamlet. 
I? one vestment of blak chamlet. 

j| ijtistopijer Duxforth holdyth one tefite w*h thappfrfncf 
Jap*! lienge in Oswaldetwissel in the countie of Lancastre 

Not. Cestr. vol. ii. part ii. p. 285.) The arched piscina still remains in the Hesketh 
Chapel, the original area of which is indicated by the style of the architecture, and the 
arrangement of the ancient benches. In 1535 the Subsidy Commissioners for the 
Deanery of Blackburn assessed the " Cantaria apud Harwode ex fundacione Thome 
Hesketh Arm." viii 8 i d q' for tenths, and for the subsidy vii s iii d cb. (Lane. MSS. 
yol. xxii.) In 1548 .Richard Woode, the Incumbent, was aged 80 years. (Lib. S. 
DucJi. Lane.) At the dissolution the Chaplain's fee in the Chapel of Harwood being 
4.1. &s. 6d. was charged on the revenues of the Duchy of Lancaster. (Baines's Lane. 
vol. i. p. 1 80.) In 1553 a pension of 3?. 12$. was paid to Robert Elder, Chantry 
Priest of Harwood parva (query, magna). Willis's Hist. Mitred Abb. vol. ii. p. 292. 

Many members of the ancient and distinguished family of Hesketh of Rufford lie 
buried in this Chapel. The Churchwardens of Great Harwood have recorded " A.B. 
1559, we had the Eoode lofte repayred. Item, makeinge of Sarges (tapers) agaynest 
Easter. 1585, Wardens appeared before the Deane at Whalleye under cytation, 
spent iiii d , payd to Henrye Whitaker for o r cytation, excom'unicac'on, absolution, and 
discharge of us at Chester, iiii s iii d ; item, at Blackborn ii d . 1588, Thomas Hesketh 
knyghte dyed xx e daie of June in y e xxx e yere of y e regne of Quene Elizabeth, an 
dom. 1588, and was buryed in y e Chappell. 1593, Thomas Hesketh esquyer, a Eecu- 
sante, dyd notifye his cominge to the Martholme to dwell with his Mother, to me W. 
Harris Curat of the Chapell of Moch-Harwood, the fourth daie of October A regni 
regine, Eliz. xxxvj. 1604, Dame Alice Hesketh, wyfe of Thomas Hesketh, knyght, 
dyed xv Marche and buryed in y e Chapell. Ex inf. Rev. Dr. Rushton, Vicar of 
Blackburn. 

In a letter dated Kufford, July 3rd, 1684, addressed by Mr. Edward Bridge to Mr. 
Whalley of Sparth, regarding the Eectory of Blackburn, the Archbishop of Canter- 
bury's right to the tithe of Hay, the poverty of the livings and the duty of the land- 
owners to provide for their better endowment, the writer states that Sir Thomas 



attcasfnre ^Tijantrtes* 147 

rentinge yerlie at the feastf of Whitsonday and Martynemes 
equallie t xxvj 3 viij d 

John Smyth holdyth one tente lieng in Croston in the said 
count ie by yere iiij s Thomas Woode holdyth one cot age ther iiij 8 
and Willyam Walton holdyth one cotage ther iij s in all dewe e.?. 
equallie , xj 3 

Willyam Fyrth holdyth one tente w^ thapp!n a ncC lienge in 
Wigan in the said countie xix s and James Sherington holdyth one 
tente ther xij s in all by yere dewe at the said termes equallie xxxj 3 

Thomas Lathnate holdyth one tente w% thapp?n a ncf lienge in 
Asheton in Makerfeilde in the saide countie rentinge yerlie e.?. 

equallie . . , xxvj 3 

Snf totall of the rentall iiij 11 xiiij 8 viij d 

Reprises none. 



Cftantn'e t'n tfie Cfcapell of 38urnelep 4 
totym tfte p*otft 



P 



Adlington preiste incumbent ther of the ffoundacon of Cljantrg 
the antecessors of S r John Towneley knight to celebrate * 
in the said chapell for ther sowles. 



Hesketh of Ruffbrd was warmly attached to the English Church, and that " a very 
good quantity of land was given by his Ancestours to the Church of Harwood, but 
seized at the Dissolution of Chantries, wrongfully." Archbishop Bancroft's admirable 
and highly characteristic letters to Mr. Francis Price, Yicar of Blackburn, and 
to his grace's agent Mr. John Tillison, at that time in Lancashire on business con- 
nected with the property of the See, and the increase of the meagre endowments 
of the poor chapels in Blackburn parish, are excellent proofs of the sympathy of 
this good prelate with the lower clergy, and of his self-denying liberality in alleviating 
their urgent necessities. He gave a fine of one thousand marks (66ol. 135-. 4^.) to 
be invested for the permanent augmentation of the old Chapels in Blackburn parish, 
which had been despoiled at the dissolution of the Chantries. Sancroft Trust Hook, 
vol. i. folio, at the Vicarage House, Blackburn. 

45 The Chantry of the B. V. Mary at the east end of the north aisle of Burnley 




148 

$* same * s wt hi n tne poche of Whalley and distant from the 
ocl1 cnurc k ^ m y le 3 the Innitantf therof doth use to cele- 
brate masse ther but iij times in the weake. 

Church, was founded by Thomas, second son of Gilbert de la Legh by his wife Alice, 
daughter of Robert Vernon of Warforth in Cheshire, who in the year 1373, 47 
Edward III., granted the third part of the manor of Towneley to his nephew Gilbert 
de la Legh (who dying in the 16 Eichard II. was succeeded by his brother Richard 
de Towneley alias de la Legh), subject to the condition of finding a Chaplain to 
chaunt for the souls of the said Thomas, Gilbert and Alice de la Legh, his father and 
mother ; for the souls of their ancestors and successors, and for all Christian souls. 
(Whitaker's Whalley, pp. 275, 344; Hopkinson's MSB. vol. xxv. 5 Lane. MSS. vol. 
xxxvii. p. 14 et seq.', Wilkinson's Hist. Burnley, p. 7.) There are no presentations 
of Chantry Priests to this altar at Lichfield. On the loth January 1454, Reginald, 
Bishop of Lichfield, granted a licence to John Towneley Gent, to have an oratory 
within his dwelling houses of " Towneley, Clevacher, and Bretwesley," and to have 
masses and other divine offices there celebrated, before him and his household, by a 
fit Chaplain, during the pleasure of the said reverend father. (Reg. Haulers, Lichf. 
p. 72.) The following letter, addressed by the Abbot of Whalley to Sir Richard 
Towneley in 1481, proves the continued existence of the hereditary Chantry in 
Burnley Church : " To o r trusty and welbilovyd S r Rychard Townleye. Ryght 
welbilovyd and my moost wurschyppful good Mayst r I grete yow wele where our 
truste and bilovyd sone Jhon Grene a broder of o r howse and clerc hath beggyd of 
us lettyrs comendatory to yow of o r espicell g'ce we do yow to wyt that the sayd 
Jhon w l our gud plesor resortes to yow as h'tily a suter for the Chaplens rowme in 
Brunleye chapell now voyded by y e deth of yo r trusty s'vante Nycolas P'ker whos 
sawll God p'don and if yo r w'shypp graunt anoder licens for thexecuc'on of the seid 
oflyce and waghys to o r sayd broder y wyll do hym many fist s'vice heryn and [he] 
shalbe fund more y n grete nombers a sadd discrete Chapleyn and oon to lab r wele in 
y r hon rs s'vice in hys dewtye and beter I canot avyse y. Ye blissid Trenite cons've 
yow. Yeuen und r my hande at Whalley y e xiii Dec. A r. reg. Edw. IY. vicess. p'mo 
by yo r dayly oraf X'per Thorneb ." Hopkinson's MS. Letters, Eshton Hallj 
Lane. MSS. 

In 1502 Sir John Towneley rebuilt the choir, and was either the founder of another 
Chantry at this altar, or augmented the original endowment, as appears from an 
inscription in old English characters, partly legible, and still surrounding the 

cancelli : " Nee non et pro animabus Ricardi Townley militis patris mei et 

Johanne uxoris ejus matris mese et omnium antecessorum meorum et omnium 
fidelium defunctorum quorum anime requiescant in pace. Amen. 

Quod ego Johannes Townley miles fundavi et ordinavi hanc cantariam in honorem 
beata3 Marise Yirginis pro bonu statu meo et Isabellas uxoris mese dum vixerimus et 
pro animabus " 



149 



Sir John Towneley was born in the year 1473, and died in March 1541. He was 
Sheriff of Lancashire from 1532 to 1541. He enjoyed the estate nearly sixty years, 
and increased it by many purchases. He enclosed the park at Hapton, and built the 
tower, re-founded the Chantry of St. Mary at Burnley, and restored the family choir. 
He also built, or it may be, rebuilt the domestic Chapel at Towneley, lived to see the 
marriage of his grandson with the heiress of Wymbish, avoided the Pilgrimage of 
Grace, which ruined many of his friends, and died in a good old age. In 1530 Tong 
the Herald had an interview with him, and thought meanly of his liberality. He 
married first Isabel, daughter and heiress of Sir Charles Pilkington of Gateford in 
the county of Notts, and she dying in 1522 he married secondly in 1531 Anne, 
daughter of Ralph Catterall Esq., and leaving her his widow she became in 1545 
the second wife of Sir William Eadcliffe of Ordsall knight. Sir John Towneley 
ordered by his will that one hundred masses of the five wounds of our Lord should 
be said for his soul. Whitaker's Whalley, p. 344; Lane. MSS. vols. xiii. p. 197, 
xxxvii. p. 14; Harl. MS. 2076, fo. 12 b. 

In 1535 the Subsidy Commissioners assessed the "Cantaria apud Brunleye," 
omitting the founder's name, for tenths vi s viii d , and for the subsidy vi s (Lane. 
MSS. vol. xxii.) ; whilst in 1547, when the Chantry was served by " Dom. Rob'tus 
Ingam, ex provisione Joh'is Townleye" (Ibid. p. 258), it is noted in the margin, "non 
habet stipendium," which is not easily reconciled with the statement in the text. Dr. 
Whitaker observes that Sir John Towneley was long and intimately connected with 
the family of Ingham (of Fulledge), and that in his latter days Jennet Ingham was 
his mistress, whilst he presented Sir John Ingham (dead in 1534) to his Chantry in 
Burnley Church as early as the 15 Henry VII. 1500 ; so that he seems, by a 
very unhappy and preposterous arrangement, to have chosen out of the same house 
the Chaplain of his youth and the mistress of his old age. 

Sir Richard Towneley struggled hard and long with exemplary pertinacity and 
vigour in the Duchy Court to preserve in his family the foundation of his father and 
of his remote ancestor De la Legh. He was earnest and defiant, and indisposed to 
submit to the changes and decisions which were taking place in religion and juris- 
prudence. In or before 1548 Peter Adlington, the Towneley Priest, had been suc- 
ceeded by Hugh Whatmough, Clerk, who is stated to be at that time of the age of 
forty-three years (Lib. B. Duck. JJanc.), and in the same year, supported by Sir 
Richard Towneley, Whatmough prosecuted Robert Walmisley and others who re- 
sisted his claim to the right and patronage of the advowson of the Towneley Chantry 
and lands in Burnley Church. (Cal. Plead, p. 231.) In the 2 Edward VI. Hugh 
Halsted entered a suit against Sir Richard Towueley for illegally holding Chantry 
lands called Hodgeholmes and Smithy Banks in Hapton, formerly belonging to a 
Chantry in Burnley Chapel. (Ibid. p. 238.) And in the 3 Edward VI. other 




1 50 ftancaafure 

(grittatommt <gjj$& fll a ttt Hodersall holdytli one cotage lienge in Ribchester in 

. - T -. -n L i. T% i. i n j.i 

the countie of Lancaster ij s Robert JJobson holdyth one 

tente w*h thapftefnc ther xxij s x d Robert Wyrmesley holdyth 
one tente ther xxj 9 and Richard Carter one tefite ther xvj s in all 
dewe at the termes of lxj s x d 

The wyff of Hesmondelf holdyth one tente w^ thapptn"ncf lienge 
in the poche of Blakborne reritinge yerlie e.t. equallie... xxvj s viij d 

Hugh Hakyn holdyth lieng in Blakborne in 

the said countie by yere xij d James Rodes for .... j d 
Thomas Talbot for .... vj d ... Hekles holdyth . 
.. . xx d Thomas Billesborough for . . . . vj d and Richard 
Clayton for .... ij s iiij d in all by yere dewe at the 

ffeastes of M 9 tynemes and Whitsonday equallie vj s j d 

Sm" totall of the rentall iiij 11 xiiij 3 vij d 

Reprise} none. 



ot&er C&a tt ntrtt m t&e sain 
of 25urnelep, 48 




Farebanke preist incumbent ther of the fibundacon 
of the Inhitantes ther to celebrate masse and other 
dyvyne fuice in the same chapell. 

Chantry lands and messuages were supposed to be in the unlawful possession of Sir 
Eichard Towneley within the manor of Ightenhill (Ibid.), whilst in the 5 Edward VI. 
the same fearless individual, cast in the old chivalrous mould, disputed the title of 
Margaret Battersby, widow, to lands and tenements belonging to the Towneley 
Chantry in Burnley Chapel. (Ibid. p. 260.) The Chantry house and garden at 
Burnley, founded by Sir John Towneley, were leased for that purpose by Abbot 
Holden, at a trifling rent (Hist. WTialley^ p. 276), and were purchased of the crown 
at the dissolution by Sir Eichard Towneley. Gastrell's Not. Cestr. vol. ii. part ii. p. 

3"- 

46 This Chantry, dedicated to St. Peter, was founded at the high altar in Burnley 
Church by the inhabitants to celebrate mass and other divine service by a suitable 
priest, who was properly regarded as the Incumbent of the Chapelry. Dr. Whitaker 



3Lancasinr0 djantws* 1 5 1 

1)0 said chapel is distant from the poch church as bifore is 
saide and declared and the sain preist doth use at this day 
to celebrate ther accordinglie. 



one* 



is of opinion that the Chantry was endowed with copyhold lands, and consequently 
was not a very ancient foundation. (Hist. Whalleg, p. 327 note.) The Chantry 
Commissioners of Edward VI. state that such was the case, " as it is declared unto 
us, but we have not seen the copies, and there be no reprises." (Lib. . DucTi. 
Lane.) These lands were confirmed by the Manerial Court of Higham 6 Edward VI. 
and of Ightenhill 5 Elizabeth, with the consent of the Royal Commissioners, for the 
use of Gilbert Fairbank, Incumbent, for his life, and after his death for the use of a 
Schoolmaster, and the support of a free Grammar School in Burnley. GastrelPs 
Not. Cestr. vol. ii. part ii. p. 310; Whitaker's W7ialley, p. 327. 

In 1535 the Subsidy Commissioners for the Deanery of Blackburn assessed the 
" Cantaria apud Brunley in manu Gilbert! Fayrbank," for tenths iiii s and for the 
subsidy iii s vii d q'. (Lane. MSS. vol. xxii.) In 1548 he was returned as serving 
this Chantry, and of the age of sixty-six years (Lib. B. Duch. Lane.), and dying at 
Burnley at the age of eighty-four was buried there January 28th 1566, being 
described in the register book as " Chantrie Priest of Burnleye." There had probably 
been a second priest supplied by the inhabitants about this time, as in 1547 Bishop 
Bird found, " D'n's Joh'es Aspden apud Brindley, per Vicar, p'dict. (Edward Pedley 
B.D. Vicar of Whalley) in vice D'ni Eicardi Mersden qui sit apud Eibchester, et 
D'n's Ric'us Higen ex devocione parochianorum." (Lib. Visit, apud Cestr.) In 
the following year the clergy at Burnley were Stephen Smith, Gilbert ffairbanke, 
Robert Ingham, John Aspden, and Eichard Hichen (Higen ?). Opposite the last 
name in the margin is the word " decripitus ;" and in a later but contemporary hand, 
"mortuus." Lane. MSS. vol. xxii. 

The dissolution of the Parochial Chantry of Burnley 2 Edward VI. and the sale of 
the ecclesiastical " vestments and Jewells," of which nothing is said by these Commis- 
sioners, induced Eichard Towneley, Lawrence Habergham and others, Churchwardens 
of Burnley, in i Mary 1553 to prosecute Sir Eichard Towneley of Towneley knight, a 
man vigilant of his rights, who by some means had become possessed of these conse- 
crated articles, which were probably restored by a decree of the Duchy Court on 
the ground that Burnley Church was neither "a Free Chapel" nor a "Chantry." 
(pal. Plead, p. 282.) On the dissolution a stipend of 4^. 85. 4^. was charged on the 
revenues of the Duchy of Lancaster, and made payable to the Incumbent of Burnley. 
The Chantry of St. Anthony and that of the Holy Crucifix were distinct but unen- 
dowed foundations. St. Mary's and St. Peter's Chantries had endowments. 



1 5 2 



Hancasfntt 




iicntal 



wy ff o f Charles Gregorie holdyth one terite w*h thapp- 
. . 

n nc C lienge in Hashngton in the countie of Lancaster 

ren tinge yerlie at the termes of ................ xvj s vrrj d 

Richarde Leigh holdyth one terite w% thapp?n a nc lieng in the 
poch of Burnesley in the said countie by yere xiij s iiij d John 
Shekleton one cotage ther iij s iiij d The wyf of Richard Brigges 
one terite ther xx s Wirlm Both one terite ther xx s Wirlm 
Whitacre one cotage ther iiij s Thonfs .... holdyth one 

howse and v shopes ther ix s iiij d and Willy am Plattes holdyth 
, . i v . . vj s viij d in all by yere de we e.? ...... Ixxvj 8 viij d 

Snf totall of the rentall 

Reprise} none. 



iiij 11 xiij s iiij d 



Ctjantrg 
i|3rtit 



Cfte Cftauntrfe at tfte &fg& alter totbm tfte 
rfiurr&e of Blafeborne. 47 



w 



tHtnim Usherwoode preiste Incumbent ther of the 
flbundacon of Galfride Banaster somtyme vicare of the 
same churche to celebrate at the high alter ther for the 



sowlej of his flounders. 



*l This Chantry, at the high altar within the Parish Church of Blackburn, was 
founded by " Magister Galfridus Banastre, in utroque jure baccalaureus," who was 
presented to the Vicarage of Blackburn by Abbot William Whalley and the Convent 
of Whalley, and instituted by John Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield 3rd June, 7 
Henry V. 1419 (Reg. Catrik, Lichf,~), and who vacated the benefice by death a little 
before the 8th October 1457. (Reg. Bowlers, Lichf.) He founded this Chantry in 
the year 1453, when the annual rent of 4.1. 13*. ^d. was secured by the Dean and 
Chapter of the Collegiate Church of St. Mary of Leicester, on the rectorial tithes of 
Preston, in Lancashire, in consideration of two hundred marks having been paid to 
them by Mr. Geoffrey Banastre, or by his executors. (Dugdale's Monast. vol. iii. 
pp. 139-40 ; Lib. B. Duch. Lane.) The name of this Vicar does not occur in any of 
the various Banastre pedigrees in the Hvrleian or Lane. MSS. He may have been 
the grandson of John Banastre of Walton-le-Dale in the parish of Blackburn Esq., 
and of his wife Joanna, daughter and heiress of John de Alvetham, and not remotely 



gtyantrf e*. 1 5 3 

sain is w^in the poche church of Blakborne and the saide Cljatttrg at 
preist doth celebrate ther accordinge to the statute? of his 



ffoundacon. 

one. prate 

sam Incumbent receyvyth yerlie for his salary at two <ntr0fottttt 




termes in the yere one annuall rent of iiij u xiij s iiij d goinge 
furth of the psonage of Preston w c h psonage was given to the sam 
chauntrie by Richarde Androwe and his bretherne he then beinge 
deane of the newe college of leceyto 9 for the som of two hundreth 
markes to them payde as apparyth by ther gra u nte to the saide 
cha u ntrie dated in the chapitre howse under ther cofnune scale the 
xxvj day of ffebruary in the yere of c? lorde God Mccccliij tie dewe at 
the fleastf of saynte Myghell tharchangle and thannunciacon of 
o 9 ladie equallie ............. ............................. iiij 11 xiij s iiij d 

Snf tot all of the rent all ...... iiij 11 xiij s iiij d 

Reprise} none. 

descended from the wealthy barons of Newton in Makerfield. (See Archoeol. Canib* 
vol. i. p. 234.) Gralfridus Banastre having been a Friar in the house of Warrington, 
rose to be its Prior in 1404. (Beamont's Fee of Makerfield, p. 18.) At a very early 
period John, son of Henry de Blackburn, left an annual rent of four livres to God 
and the Church of St. Mary of Blackburn, to sustain two torches at the high altar of 
the Parish Church of that place, for the souls of his father, mother, ancestors and 
heirs. Whalley, p. 425 note. 

In 1535 the Subsidy Commissioners for the Deanery of Blackburn omit the name 
of the founder of this Chantry, and return it as " Cantaria in Ecclesia de Blagborn in 
manu Will'mi Eushton," and assessed it for tenths vi s viii d and for the subsidy vi s 
(Lane. MSS. vol. xxii.) ; and in 1548 "William Eisheton of thage of 53 years" was 
the priest at the high altar, and the howsliug people of the parish were ij m (2000). 
(Lib. Duch. Lane.) In 1553 William Eushebie (sic), Chantry Priest of Black- 
burn, had a pension of 4^. 6*. 8d. Willis's Mitr. All, vol. ii. p. 108. 

This Chantry escaped the notice of Whitaker and the other Lancashire historians. 



1 54 Hmtatfyiu <fjantrfe& 



OTftauntrie at tfte alter of our latrp 
to'fn'n tbe safo p'oeft cfcurcft* 



48 



(9 



fjOtttas Burges preist incumbent ther of the ffoundacon of 
^^- the ancestors of therle of Derbie to celebrate ther for ther 
sowle} and to maneteyne the one side of the quere to the 
uttermost of his power euie holie day and also the Incubent 
herof to be sufficientlie lerned in gram! and plane songe to kepe 
a ffre skole contynuallie in Blakborne biforesaide. 

48 This Chantry, dedicated to the B.Y. Mary, was founded in the south aisle of Black- 
burn Church conjointly by Thomas second Earl of Derby and the parishioners, by deed 
dated 4th April 1514. The parishioners purchased lands and tenements, freehold and 
copyhold, in he counties of Lancaster and York, and the same were settled for the 
support of a Chantry Priest in the Chapel of the Blessed Virgin on the south side of 
the Parish Church of Blackburn, the Earl of Derby apparently settling copyhold 
lands called the Eggye heye, in Burnley, of the yearly value of xv s for the same pur- 
pose. The priest was to be a secular and not a regular, " sufficiently lerned in gramar 
and playn song, yf any such can be gotten, and shal kepe continually a fre gramer 
schole and maintaine and kepe the one syde of the quere, as one man may, in his 
surplice, every holiday throughout the yere;" the Earl of Derby and his heirs to 
nominate the said priest within xx days after an avoidance, or in default the Church 
masters or reeves for the time being to do so. The priests are not to take any other 
cure or charge, but if they should say any trental or trentals, or pray otherwise than, 
according to the present foundation, one half of the profit of the same should go 
towards the reparation or making of the ornaments for the said Chantry. The priests 
were required to pray by name for the souls of Thomas Earl of Derby late deceased, 
of my lady his wife, and of George Stanley Lord Strange, of my lady Jane his wife, 
and for their children's souls, and for the prosperous estate of the then Earl of Derby 
and of my lady of Derby his wife, and for their issue and posterity for ever ; and for 
the welfare of all the parishioners of Blackburn, and of all who had been benefactors, 
helpers, assistants and contributors to the purchasing of lands, jewels or ornaments 
for the said Chantry, quick or dead, and for all Christian souls. The said Chantry 
priest every Sunday and Holiday in the year, after offering mass, shall turn to the 
people and exhort them to pray for all the said persons and for their souls, and say 
the Psalm of De profundis with a Pater Nosier and an Ave Maria, with special suf- 
frage after, and Funeral Collect for the quick and dead, either by themselves. And 
also the priest to sing or say mass of our lady, to note, every holiday and every Satur- 
day, and the priest and his scholars and others who may be gotten four times in the 



Tijatttrtes 155 

sam is at the alter of o 9 lady w%in the said poch church Cfjantrg at 
and the said Incubent doth celebrate and manetene the 
quere euy holie day accordinglie and also doth teache grarS and 
plane songe in the saide fire skole accordinge to the statute} of 
his flbundacon. 

year for ever to sing a solemn dirge for the souls aforesaid, and also on the morrow 
next after such dirge song the priest to sing a mass of requiem with note, and on 
every Wednesday and Friday to say mass of Jesus, or of the five wounds of our Lord 
Jesus Christ, in the said Chantry Chapel ; and on all other days of the week to say 
mass as he conveniently may. The priests to sing or say masses as aforesaid in the 
same chapel about eight o'clock in the morning in summer time, i.e. from Easter to 
Michaelmas, and in the winter time about ten o'clock in the forenoon. A penalty of 
iiii d to be paid to the Churchwardens out of the lands for every default or negligence 
of duty, without sufficient and lawful excuse. The deed of foundation is dated at 
Lathom, 4th April, 5 Henry VIII. Whitaker's Hist, of Whalley, p. 426 et seq. 

In 1535 the Commissioners for the Deanery of Blackburn assessed the Chantry in 
Blackburn Church, held by Thomas Burgess, for tenths vi s viii d , and for the subsidy 
vi s . (Lane. MSS. vol. xxii.) In 1548 this Incumbent was aged fifty-eight years. 
(Lib. JB. Duch. Lane.}, and is probably the "Dom. Thomas Blagburn" who was at 
that time " Conduct" for John Talbot Esq. in Blagburn Church. (Lane. MSS. vol. 
xxii.) The Talbots of Salesbury were amongst the principal parishioners of Black- 
burn, and were descended from the feudal families of Blackburn and Clitheroe. 
Lane. MSS. vol. iii. p. 362.) John Talbot Esq., by his will dated 28th August, 6, 
Edward VI., desired to be buried in this Chapel (Lane, and Chesh. Wills, portion ii.), 
and here was baptised 4th July 1619 Ann, daughter of Sir John Talbot knight. 
{Register Book.) On the i?th March 1611-12 the Bishop of Chester awarded this 
Chapel, then in dispute, between Sir Thomas Walmesley of Dunkenhalgh knight and 
John Talbot of Salesbury Esq., the representatives of the Eushtons ; and it appeared 
from some very curious depositions made on the trial that the Earls of Derby claimed 
no rights in the Chapel, although Anne Bishton of Cross Hall in Ormskirk parish, 
widow, aged eighty years, deposed that she had known for seventy years a lordship 
of Blackburn parish called Bishton, in which was an ancient capital messuage called 
Holte Hall, which was moated about, and that her mother Dame Anne Stanley, wife 
of Sir James Stanley knight, and formerly wife of Edmund Talbot, and also mother of 
Sir Thomas Talbot, was buried of right on the north side of the said Chapel about the 
year 1557, being then the occupier of Holte Hall ; and this deponent being at the burial 
of her mother, the said Lady Stanley, came with the corpse to Blackburn Church, &c. 
(Lane. MSS.) At the dissolution a pension of 4?. 7*. 4$. was charged on the 
revenues of the Duchy of Lancaster, payable to the schoolmaster of Blackburn. 




1 56 Hancasfnre Cftantrtes. 

one. 



tllinim Smythson holdyth one tente w th thapp?n"ncf lienge 
in Slathborne in the countie of Yorke by yere xiij s iiij d 
and Alice Parkinson holdyth one tente ther xxxiiij 8 in all by yere 

dewe at the ffeastes of xlvij 8 iiij d 

Robert Smyth holdyth one tente w*h thapf&n a ane in Burneley 

in the countie of Lancastre rentinge yerlie e.t xiiij 8 

Nycholas Dogeson holdyth one tente w% thapj&n a nce lienge in 

Padiham in the said countie rentinge yerlie xix 8 

Thomas Whitehalghe and John Sudley holden one tente w% 
thappfrfnct Heng in Oughe boughe 49 in the said countie rentinge 

e.? t xvij 8 

Richarde Haddoke and his fellowe} holden one tente w*h thap- 
j&n a nc lienge in Levesley in the said countie rentinge e.t.. xiij 8 iiij d 

Snf totall of the rentall Cx 8 viij d 

wherof 
Payd to o 9 soueigne lorde for a rent goinge furth 

of the landes by yere ij 

And so remanyth Cviij 8 viij d 



Cftauntrt'e m t6e . . reft of 



50 



Cljantrg ^w^ ahJVi'UCe Halliwell preiste incumbent ther of the fibunda- 
con of the Erie of Derbie to celebrate ther for the sowlej 



L 



of the founders thereof. 



49 Qu. Ouseboothe, a place near Blackburn, where there is a tradition that a great 
ecclesiastic once lived. It adjoins Brooklyn, the Richmond fee* 

50 This Chantry was founded in the Parish Church of Ecclesfcon by Mr. William 
Wall, who was presented to that Rectory August ist, 1493, vacant by the resignation 



f)antws. 1 57 

sain is at the alter of o r lady w^in the poche church of Cljantrg of 
Eccleston and the said priest doth celebrate ther accordinge 
to his ffoundacon. 

of the last Incumbent, by Thomas Earl of Derby. (Eeg. Smith, Lichf.) Mr. W. 
Wall died Eector of Eccleston 7th Jtpril, 1511, being succeeded by Peter Bradshaw, 
Doctor of Decrees. (Reg. Bit/the, Lichf.) He also held the Kectory of Davenham, 
in Cheshire, at his death; Sir John Savage knight on the 2nd May, 1511, presenting 
Eoger Savage, Clerk to the same, " vacant by the death of William Wall." Ibid. 

He was the second son of Evan Wall of Preston Gent., who had probably been 
a law-agent of the second Earl of Derby, here described as the founder of this 
Chantry, but in a subsequent inquisition his lordship's name was struck out by the 
Commissioners, and that of " Richard" Wall inserted as sole founder. (Lib. B 
Duck. Lane.) By a deed dated 35 Henry VIII. 1543, Evan Wall, survivor of the 
feoffees of Eichard Wall, nephew of the founder, gave these Chantry lands to one 
Dicconson, his heirs and assigns for ever, to his own use, and Dicconson covenanted 
to find a priest for twenty years next following to celebrate divine service at Eccleston 
(Ibid), this being probably another instance of an attempt to prevent the founder's 
endowment being perverted from its original purpose. 

On the 1 2th March, 14 Henry VII. 1499, James Butler of Merton Esq., and Sir 
Alexander Hoghton knight, were bound in C H to Sir Peter Legh knight and Thomas 
Middleton Esq., the condition being that Butler should fulfil the award of Sir Eichard 
Langton knight and Mr. William Walle, Clerk, Parson of Eccleston in the county of 
Lancaster, respecting the title of lands in Meall, Marton, or any other place in 
Amounderness, then and long time in dispute ; and when the award was delivered 
should " stond the dome" of Thomas Earl of Derby, John Vavasour and Thomas 
Kebell, Justices of the Pleas at Lancaster, or one of them, as umpire. Lane. MSS. 
vol. xxxviii. p. 575. 

Two branches of the Wall family recorded pedigrees at the visitations of Lanca- 
shire in 1567 and 1664-5. Lane. MSS. vol. xii. 

In 1535 the Subsidy Commissioners for the Deanery of Leyland assessed the "Can- 

taria apud Eccleston ex fundacione Thome nuper Comitis (sic) et Will'mi 

Walles, in mauu Laureucii Holiwell," for tenths vi s viii d and for the subsidy vi s . 
(Lane. MSS. vol. xxii.) The Christian name of the founder ought to have been 
William in the Chantry Commissioners' report, as it is in the Subsidy Eoll. 

In the 3 Edward VI. 1549 Thomas Fleet wood prosecuted Sir Laurence Hallywell, 
priest, for tortuous possession of Chantry lands and tenements at Eccleston, and for 
detention of title deeds (Gal. Plead, p. 237), from which it appears that he, at least, 
was not satisfied with his pension. At that time he was of " thage of iiii" yeres" 
(Lib. .Z? DucTi. Lane.), and the town and parish of Eccleston contained v c housling 
people. (Ibid.) Laurence Hallywell, an Acolyte, was ordained at Lichfield a sub- 
deacon secular on the title of the Monastery of Whalley 25th March 1497, afterwards 
a Deacon, and a Priest 23rd July 1498. Liber Ordinat. apud LicJif. 



1 5 8 flancasiju* &fjantr tea. 



Browne holdyth one tente w*h thapffrf nc in ffrekling- 

l&emnte airtr *|gy| ton in the countie of Lancaster r en tinge yerlie xiij s iiij d and 
Wilfm Browne holdyth ij acres of grounde lienge in the feilde 

ther iij s iiij d .... at the ffeastf of xvj s viij d 

Thomas holdyth one tente w% .... in 

Wrightyngton in the said countie by one tente 

ther x s Nycholas Wallet feilde ther ij s ij d and 

Galfride ther ij s in all dewe in the saide 



Lawrence Sherington holdyth on 

in the countie of Lancastre and renty 

Pentecost and M 9 tynemes equallie 

Willyam Brandok holdyth one tefite w% thapf>tn"nc lienge in 
Walche Whittell in the countie biforsaid x s vj d and the wyff of 
Thomas Walwell one tefite ther xiiij 8 ix d in all dewe in the said 

termes equallie xxv s iij d 

Snf totall of the rentall Ixxix 8 iij d 

Reprise} none. 



Cfte Cbauntrie in tfie Cftapell of Jauglej . 51 




Cftantrw ~^f ttltfe Standanought piste Incumbent ther of the found aeon 
of Henrie Pbalde to celebrate ther for the sowle} of hime 
and his antecessors. 

51 This Chantry, in the Chapel of Douglas, was founded by Henry Parbold of 
Parbold, of whom I have discovered nothing. No pedigrees of the family have 
been recorded, nor did the property of the early Parbolds pass immediately to the 
Lathoms. Ormerod's Stanley Legend, p, 23. 

In the 1 8 Henry VIII. 1526 Hugh Bygby, the Chaplain, prosecuted William 




Hancasfttre Jantvtes* 1 5 9 

sain chapell is w^in the poche of Eccleston and distant 
from the poch church iiij or myle} the said Incumbent doth 
use to celebrate the? accordinglie. 

tl'8t one chale) poi} by esl: ............................. viij on} Plate atttf 

It one vestment. 



Fisher holdyth one terite w*h thapjtafncf lienge 
in Pbalde in the countie of Lancastre by yere xxix 8 viij d 
Thomas Habest holdyth one terite ther xvj s Thomas Lathom 
holdyth one tente ther xij s And the sam Incumbent receyvyth 
one annuall rent goinge furth of the landes ther called Ashetons 
howe by yere x s in all dewe at the ffeastes of ... Ixvij 8 viij d 

James Lassell holdyth one acre of lande lienge in the ffeildes of 
Dalton in the said countie rentinge yerlie e. r. equallie ......... ij 3 

Snf totall of the rentall ...... lxix s viij d 

Reprise} none. 

Lathom, Sir Henry Stondanought and others, regarding a disputed title to lands, 
messuages and tenements, at Parbold, otherwise Doglas Chappel. Gal. Plead, p. 131. 

In 1535 the Commissioners for the Deanery of Ley land assessed the "Cantaria 
apud Capellam de Dowglas, ex fundacione Henrici Parbolte" for tenths vi s xi d ob. q', 
and for the subsidy vi s iii d ob. Lane. MSS. vol. xxii. 

At Bishop Bird's visitation "Call" in 1547, Dom. Henry Standanoght and Dom. 
Laurence Holiwell were priests officiating in the Parish of Eccleston, Kichard Layton 
LL.D., Dean and Canon Eesidentiary of York, having died Hector in the preceding 
year, and his successor being John Moodye. (Ibid.) In 1548 " Harry Standanought, 
the Priest Incumbent," was aged fifty-six years. Lib. Duck. Lane. 

In a settlement of the estates of Thomas Lathom of Parbold Esq., dated ist 
November, 28 Elizabeth 1585, manors and lands in Parbold, Allerton, Wrightington, 
&c., are enumerated ; and also lands called " the Chappell Flatt, the two acre," and 
various other plots of land, minutely described, lying and being in Parbold, " late in 
the occupation of Henry Stonynought, Clerke, deceased," and amounting to three 
score acres, valued at 5*. per acre. These were obviously a portion of the Chantry 
lands. Lane. MSS. vol. xxxviii. p. 467. 



1 60 ILattcajsJjfu Cfjantvtes. 



Cfeauntne of flute prgesites to'ftm tfte 
of aauffortfte. 62 




^, B ^ Parker jJist Incumbent ther of the ffoundacon of 

Wilfm Hesket to celebrate masse ther for the sowle} of 
him and his antecessors by w c h ffoundacon ther ar 

62 There were three Chantries at the altar of St. Mary the Virgin, founded by 
separate members of the Hesketh family, in the Chapel of Rufford, although the 
text would lead to the conclusion that there was only one founder. 

The first owed its origin to Sir William de Hesketh Knt., who in the year 1346 
obtained a licence from King Edward III., at that time in Normandy devoted to the 
fulfilment of his martial duties, enabling him to found a Chantry in the Chapel of St. 
Mary of Rufford. (Harl. MS. 2063, fol. 185 ; Gastrell's Not. Cestr. vol. ii. part iii. 
p. 367, note.) Sir William de Hesketh, the head of the family, which, even in his 
time, had its ancient traditions of piety and patriotism, married Dame Marcella, 
daughter and coheiress of .... Dodingfell of Kendal in the county of Westmoreland 
(Lane. MSS. vol. xii.; Baines's Hist. Lane. vol. iii. p. 426, Ped.), and was living 29 
Edward III. 1355. Ibid. 

The second Chantry at the same altar was founded by Alice, widow of Robert 
Hesketh Esq. She was the third daughter of Sir Robert Booth of Dunham Massey 
Knt., elder brother of William Booth D.D., Lord Archbishop of York ; and on the 
death of her husband ist January 4 Henry VII. (his post mortem inquisition was 
not taken until 14 Henry VII.) she professed chastity and took the order of the 
Mantle and the Ring, dying September i7th 1495. (Lane. MSS. vol. xii.) She 
left issue, (i) Thomas, (2) Richard, Attorney- General to Henry VIII., and (3) Hugh, 
ordained a secular Deacon at Lichfield igth September 1500 by the Reverend Father 
in Christ, Thomas, dei gratia Bishop of Panadan, by the authority of John, Bishop of 
Lichfield and Coventry, on the title of the Priory of Holland. (Reg. Arundel, Lichf. 
Liber Ordin.) In 1506 he was appointed by his brother a Chantry Priest of Rufford. 
On the 22nd July 1507, " Alyce Holte of Chesham in the parish of Bury, wydow, beyng 
desyros to dispose of thastate God had giffen her," bequeathed by will " to the awter 
of blessed Mary of Rufforth a litle basson of siluer to Hugh Hesketh sarving at the 
awter there founded by my cosyn Dame Alyce Hesketh, his moder, a peece of em- 
brathery whych I have made for a cope, to be sent to hym with all hast at my deth, 
and to be worn on the daye of my obet every yere, and to pray for my soule." 
Lane. MSS. vol. xxvii. p. 79, Wills. In 1522 Thomas second Earl of Derby consti- 
tuted his trusty friend Sir Hugh Hesketh Bishop of Man (omitted by Le Neve) one 
of his executors. (Brydges* Peerage^ vol. iii. p. 69.) 

The third Chantry was founded by Thomas Hesketh Esq., son and successor of 



&muasf)fre Cfjantvtea* 1 6 1 

ordened to be thre prestf in the said chapell to singe celebrat and 
mynystre sacrementf ther when neide shall require euy of the saide 

Robert and Alice Hesketh. He died August i4th 1523, having married first Eliza- 
beth, daughter of William Fleming and coheiress of her brother John Fleming Esq., 
the descendants of the ancient Barons of Wath. He married secondly Grace, daughter 
of Sir John Towneley of Towneley Knt. She died 2gth June 1510. M . I. at Eufford. 
On the gth April 22 Henry VII. (1507) Thomas Hesketh Esq., then of the household 
of Thomas Earl of Derby and patron of the Chantry of B. Y. Mary in the Chapel of 
Eufford, and next heir and of kin to Sir William Hesketh Knt. the original founder 
thereof, as he describes himself in a letter of this date to the Bishop of Lichfield and 
Coventry, gives his full and free consent to the Eeverend Father the Bishop for such, 
reformation and judicious regulation of the same ancient ordination, according to the 
tenor of the original foundation, as shall seem best to the said Venerable Father (Reg. 
JSlythe, Lichf.) ; but in what the reformation consisted is not recorded. 

The Subsidy Commissioners for the Deanery of Leyland in 1535 assessed the Chantry 
at Rufford, "founded by Sir William Hesketh Kt.," for tenths x s iiii d q r , and for the 
subsidy ix 9 iiii d . Another Chantry there, " founded by Alice Hesketh," for tenths 
iiii s viii d , and for the subsidy iiii 8 iii d . A third Chantry there, "founded by Thomas 
Hesketh Esq.," for tenths x s iii d , and for the subsidy ix s ii d ob. q r . Lane. MSS. 
vol. xxii. p. 292. 

In 1548 the three Chantry Priests here were George Parker, aged 62 years ; Thomas 
Banastre aged 53 ; and Eobert Felden, aged 47. The "plate" was estimated to be x 
ounces, and the "ornaments" were valued at xxx 3 . (Lib. JB Duch. Lane.) In 1539 
Sir Eobert Felden, Priest, was an executor of the will of Sir Eobert Hesketh of Euf- 
ford Knt, Cal. Plead. Duch, Lane. pp. 239, 271. 

Cantarista de Rufford. 

1425, 31 Maii. D'n's Eich, Todd capell. admissus fuit ad Cantariam perpet. B. V. 

Marie de Eufford in paroch. de Croston vac. p. mort. Joh. Laiton ult. incumb. 

ad pres. Venerab. viri Will'i Admondeston, Vic. General, hie vice. Reg. 

HeiwortTi, Lichf. 

1435, i Feb. Dom. Thorn. Dylle ad Cantar. B. Marie de Eufford ad pres. D'ni 

Ep'i per lapsum temporis. Ibid. 

1476, 22 Aug. Magistr. Eob't Bothe p'b'r ad Cantar. p'p't B. M. V. in capella de 
Eufford per mort. ult. Incumb. ad present. Eob'ti Hesketh Arm. p'ron. 
Reg. Hales, Lichf. 

1506, Aug. 5. D'n's Hugh Hesketh Cler. ad Cantar. perpet. in capella B. Marie 
de Eufford per mort. natural. Joh'is Todd p'b'r ult. Capell. ejusdem vacan. ad 
present, honesti viri Thomse Hesketh arm. veri ip'ius Capell. patroni. Reg. 
myfhe, Lichf. 

1530, Nov. 14. D'n's Georg. Parker Cleric, ad Cantar. B. M. in Capella de Eufford 
per mort. D'ni Eic'i Todd ult. Cantarist. in ead. ad present. Eob'ti Hesketh 
arm. Ibid. 

Y 



Chantries. 

preistf hauyng ptictr landes as apparyth herafter by seuall rentalls 
to them dotated by ther said founder. 

Cfjantrj) ol SPji^l t)* same is in the poch of Crostou distant from the poch 



rvj i 

:e.3marp gggj churche iiij or myle} and one arme of the sea betwixt the 
said chapell and the poch church so that often and many tymes 
the tyde wilbe so high that no man can passe betwixt by the space 
of iiij or dayes by occacon wherof the said preist w% other his 
felowe} be enforced to mynystre sacrement^ and sacrementallf to 
the Inhltantf adionyng and the said preist w^ bothe the other 
his ffelowe} is remanyng ther and doth celebrate and mynystre 
accordinglie. 

an ? ^^ ttSt one chale} of silu weing by estimacon x on5 

I? one cope of blak damaske. 
It one cope of Chamlet. 
I? on cope of grene silke. 
I? one vestmente grene damaske. 
It one olde vestment of white veluet. 
H one vestment of white crewle}. 
It one vestment of grene crule}. 
I? one vestment of blak say. 
I? one vestment w*h a tunycle of whyte bustyan. 
I? iiij or olde alter clothe}. 



Nelson holdyth one tente w*h thapptn a nc lienge in 
Croston in the countie of Lancaster by yere xvij s Wilfm 
Nelson one mesuage ther w*h one gardyne iij s iiij d Henrie Cros- 
ton one crofte called Paradice ij 3 John Waringe one cloise called 
preist fielde x s and Thurstane Woode one cloise called John 
ffeilde vij 3 in all by yere dewe at the termes of M 9 tynemes and 
Whitsonday xxxviiij 8 iiij d 



Hanca*f)ire ^fjantrtes, 163 



George Hesketh holdyth one tefite w^ thappfrfncf lienge in 
Ruffurth in the said countie xxviij 8 vj d Rauf Mylner holdyth one 
cotage w*h a gardyne ther ij s and one messuage w% thapjJtnncf 
in the same towne in the occupacon of the said preist xlj s x d in 
all by yere dewe at the said termes equallie ............... Ixxij 5 iiij d 

Snf totall of the rentall ...... Cx s viij d 

wherof 

Paide to the heires of S r Thomas Hesketh knight for chief rent 
goinge furth of all the said landes by yere at M 9 tynemes only iiij 8 
And so remanyth ..... Cvj s viij d 




Banaster preiste the seconde Incumbente ther 
of the sam ffoundacon abouesaid. 



same is distant as above is declared and this sam pst 24. 0, 
doth celebrate ther accordinglie. 

for it is above charged. 



Balle holdyth one tefite w*h thap|!tnnc lienge in 
Warton in Andernes in the said countie by yere rentinge 

at the ffeasts of , xj s viij d 

Henry Johnson holdyth one tefite w% thapp?n"ncC lienge in 

Wesham in Andernes biforesaide by yere rentinge e. xv s 

Richard Bagerstaf holdyth one tefite in Bispelfm by yere r 

e.? xvj s 

Cristofer Shervington holdyth one cotage in Neborough iuxta 

lathom in the said countie by yere rentinge e.? iiij 8 

Snf totall of the rentall xlvj s viij d 

Reprises none. 



164 

ffeilden preiste the thyrde Incumbent of the said 



R 



^ ffoundacon to celebrate as is aboue declared. 



tye same is in distaunce from the poch church as it is aboue- 
said and this preist celebrating ther accordinglie. 

One for it is charged above. 



Hampson holdyth one terite w*h thapfJfofncf lieng in 
Hyndley in the countie of Lancastre by yere w fc h xvj d for 
average xxv s iiij d James Grene and Henrie Grene holden one 
tente ther by yere w*h xvj d for average xx s iiij d James Snape 
holdyth one terite ther w% xvj d for average xv s iiij d John Hole- 
crofte esquier holdyth one tente w^ thapp?n a nc ther by yere w^i 
xvj d for average xxj s iiij d James Grene holdyth one cloise ther xj s 
and Alice Taylyor holdyth one cotage ther iiij 8 viij d in all dewe at 
the ffeastes of Whitsonday and M 9 tynemes equallie ... iiij 11 xviij 8 

Sm" totall of the rentall iiij 11 xviij 3 

Reprise} none. 



^tt'pentiarpe in tfte Cftappell 



53 



O 



rfegtantr ^^^ ff the ffoundacon of Barthilmewe Heskethe esquyer to 
celebrate masse there and to teache the scholers of the 
towne of Rufforthe And that vj m?ks or lesse of his 



83 This foundation of Bartholomew Hesketh Esq. was unnoticed by the Commis- 
sioners of Henry VIII., but was discovered in 1548 by those appointed by Edward 
VI. ; and there seems to have been some doubt as to its permanency. Bartholomew 




Hmtcasf)tre fjant ties* 1 6 5 

morgage lauds and bargaynes Q for tme of yeres except Thornton 
land} be taken yerely by his executo rs for the fynding of a pryeste 
and his stipende to endure as the landes in morgage bargaynyes 
and the yeres therof ^ other land} for t 9 me of yeres except Thorn- 
ton landes will endure. 

Deane incumbent of thage of xl yeres hath the 

clere yerely revenue of the same for his salarie iiij 11 

And his lyvynge besydes is n 1 . 

landes and tefite belongynge to the same be of the yerely 

value of x n ix d whereof 

In reprise} n 1 . 



on*. 



Hesketh of Poulton, the founder, was the eldest son of William Hesketh, who was 
sixth son of Thomas Hesketh of Kufford Esq. He married first Mary, daughter of 
Sir William Norres of Speke Knt., by whom he had issue one son George, who died 
at Poulton 14 Elizabeth. His second wife was Anne, daughter and heiress of William 
Clifton Esq., the mother of Gabriel Hesketh Esq., who succeeded to a large estate in 
her right, settled at Aughton before 32 Henry VIII., and died there 4 Elizabeth, 
leaving descendants. (Lane. MSS. vol. iii. p. 298, and vol. xii.) He held the advow- 
son of Aughton, his title to which was disputed by Sir Eichard Molyneux. In the 
settlement of the large estate and enumeration of the Lancashire lands, rents, and 
services of Peter Legh of Bradley Esq., son and heir of Sir Peter Legh of Lyme Knt^ 
on the gth October 20 Henry VIII., mention is made of lands and tenements held 
by " Bartholomew Hesketh, formerly Haryngton's lands at Blakrode," and also of 
" Blackall seu Cantaria apud Croston ;" but it is not clear that the latter refers to 
Bartholomew Hesketh's foundation of this School at Eufford, in Croston parish. 
(Lane. MSS. vol. xxxvii. pp. 287-9.) Bartholomew Hesketh was dead before the 
i Edward VI., and in the fourth year of that king's reign Gabriel and Matthew 
Hesketh, his executors, prosecuted Sir Eobert Felden and John Felden, executors of 
Sir Eobert Hesketh Knt., for the illegal detention of goods, chattels, money, and 
books of account (Cal. Plead. Duch. Lane. p. 239) ; and in the 5 Edward VI. the 
same executors prosecuted John Philipson and others for illegal possession of lands 
at Longton belonging to "Eufford Chantry." Ibid. p. 255. 



1 66 



Hancaaijtr* 



Cfjantrg 



CI)antrg 



C&auntrte at tfte alter of sftpn ofw 35aptfete 
totym tfte tfuti) rfrurrf) of Croston. 54 

Of)tt Smyth preist incubent the of ther ffoundacon of John 
Todde preiste to celebrate ther for the sowle} of him and his 
predecessors. 

^ e same is in the poch church of Croston and the said preist 
doth celebrate ther daly and is aydinge the curate in mynys- 
tringe of the sacrementf to the pocheSs ther. 

54 This Chantry in the south aisle of Croston Church, dedicated to St. John the 
Baptist, was founded and liberally endowed by Mr. John Todd, Priest, Incumbent 
of Eufford. He was ordained a Deacon regular at Lichfield 28th May 1496, and 
a Presbyter at Pasche 1497. (Reg- Arundel, LicTif.) He died Curate of Eufford 
in 1506. 

24 July 1509. D'n's Joh'es Clyfton presb r ad Cantariam p'pet. in capella S. Joh'is 
Baptist, de Croston pro a'i'a d'ni Joh'is Tode nuper Capell. fundat. ad present. D'ni 
Archidiac. p. lapsum temp'is. Reg. Biytke, Lichf. 

This was probably not the first Chaplain, and as he had canonical institution by 
the Archdeacon, he was not a mere stipendiary Priest, maintained and removable at 
the pleasure of the founder's heirs, but was subject to episcopal control. He is the 
only Incumbent who occurs as having obtained institution to this Chantry. Eobert 
Fitton and John Smyth, afterwards named, were priests at this altar. 

Unless a second, and almost coeval, Chantry was founded at this altar, of which no 
evidence survives, Todd's Chantry is erroneously stated to have been endowed by 
Eobert Hesketh^ in a deed of the 27 Elizabeth, whereby Thomas Earl of Ormond 
and Ossory conveyed to Edmund Doming and Eoger Eaut "all that our late Chantry 
at the altar of St. John the Baptist, in the Church of Croston, with its members, and 
all the lands and messuages in the towns of Croston, Maudsley and Hamilton, granted 
by Eobert Hesketh in aid of the salary of the late Chantry Priest, and which Chantry 
and other premises were granted to Sir Thomas Hesketh for 21 years." Dr. Kuer- 
den's MSS. vol. iv. fol. c. 27 in Coll. Arm. ; Baines. 

In 1535 the Subsidy Commissioners for the Deanery of Leylaud assessed the "Can- 
taria infra Ecclesiam de Croston, in manu Eob'ti Fitton, ex fundacione ...... " (sic) 

for tenths ix s ix d ob. q r , and for the subsidy viii s x d q r . (Lane. MSS. vol. xxii.) In 
1548 John Smythe was the Incumbent of Todd's Chantry, and aged 60 years. The 
parish of Croston was reputed to contain 1200 houseling people. (Lib. S Duch. 
Lane.) In 1553 John Smyth, Chantry Priest of St. John's in Croston, had a pension 
of 5?. Willis's Mitr. Abb. vol. ii. p. 107. 



Cfjantrieg. 1 67 

for he celebrateth w'li the ornament^ pteynynge to the plate 
church ther. 



Rutter holdyth one tente w% thaptfefncf lienge in 
, , , . A , . T 

Mawdesley in the countie of Lancastre rentmge yerlie at Cental 

the termes of Pentec and M 9 tynemes equallie .................... x s 

Thomas Bowker holdyth one cloise lieng in the Towneship of 
Bispeham called Henry ffeilde con? by es? ij acr r e,? .......... iiij 3 

Rauf Gille} holdyth one tefite w*h thappn a nc lienge in Cophull 
in the said countie rentyng yerlie in the saide termes equallie.. xj s 

Willyam Thistleton holdyth one tefite w% thapptn a nc lienge in 
Wray in the said countie and rentyth yerlie at the said termes 
equallie ................................................................. ix 8 

Hugh Ridynge holdyth one mesuage lienge in Kellermare in the 
sayd countie rentinge yerlie at the said termes equallie.. xviij 8 viij d 

Edmunde Briges holdyth one mesuage w*h thappfrfncC lienge 
in Bretherton in the countie of Lancastre by yere xvj 3 James 
Jennynge holdyth one mesuage w*h thapjJfrfncf ther by yere xvj s 
and Thomas Hesketh Esquier holdyth one barne ther called the 
tythe barne by yere viij s in all dewe in the said termes equallie. xl s 

James Talyo r holdyth one mesuage w% thapj}tn"ncf lienge in 
Langton in the saide countie rentinge yerlie at the termes 
biforsaide equallie .................................................. x a 

Snf totall of the rentall ..... Cij 3 viij d 

Reprise) none. 



Cfjauntrte at tfje alter of tfte Crenptfe 
tofym t&e satire rfrurrfr, 55 

_ . Clerke pst Incubent ther of the ffoundacon of Ka- , 
therine Tarleton to celebrate in the said church for the 
sowle} of hir and hir antecessors. 

55 This Chantry, dedicated to the Holy Trinity, was founded in Croston Church by 




1 6 8 Hancasln're 

t &00lr P $* same is within the paroche ehurche and accordinglie this 




hayth and receyvyth yerlie one annuall rente 
goinge furth of all the landes mesuages tentes and Salte- 

t '! 

panne} scituate lienge and beinge in Thornton in Andernes in the 
same countie w*h the ffishings in the water of wire w c h late were 
belonginge to Katheryne Tarleton widowe as by a dede therof it 
doth appere at Whitsonday and M 9 tynemes equally of... lix s viij d 

Sm totall of the rentall lix s viij d 

Reprise} none. 

Katherine, widow of Richard Tarleton, and moderately endowed by her with a stipend 
charged on her lands in Thornton, in the parish of Poulton in the Fylde, and on the 
proceeds of her right to a fishery in the river Wyre. If her maiden name was Molyneux^ 
Richard Tarleton her husband was living in the year 1527 ; but the precise date of 
the foundation of her Chantry has not been discovered. On the 2nd March 1442, 21 
Henry VI. Thomas Tarleton was the Vicar of Croston, and gave his certificate 
regarding " a relic of St. Laurence head," which had been brought out of Normandy 
by Sir Eowland Standish, and given to the Chapel of Chorley, in Croston, by his 
brother James Standish. Harl, MS. 1437, &> 7 1 - 

No Incumbents of this Chantry are recorded either at Lichfield or Chester. 

In 1535 the Subsidy Commissioners for the Deanery of Ley land assessed the 
Chantry in Croston Church, " ex fundacione Katrinse Tarleton, Viduse," for tenths 
V s ix d q r , and for the subsidy v s xi d ob. (Lane. MSS. vol. xxii.) In 1548 Richard 
Clarke was the Incumbent, and aged seventy-four years. He held another living of 
the value of ix u a year as well as his Chantry, the clear income of which was ii n xix 8 
Tiii d . (Lib. JE? Ducfi. Lane.) In 1553 Eichard Clarke, Chantry Priest of St. 
Trinity, Croston, had a pension for life of 2l. 145. (Willis's Hist. .Mitred All. vol. 
ii. p. 107.) The Clearke of Croston's stipend being 3?. 195. gd. was charged on the 
revenues of the Duchy of Lancaster, and became payable shortly after the dissolution 
of the Chantries ; but it does not appear how the payment originated. Baines's 
Hist. Lane. vol. i. p. 180. 






DA 
670 

L19C5 
v.59 



Chatham Society, Manchester, 
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