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Full text of "Report of the Iowa Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition Commission, containing a statement of its work, an account of exhibits and ceremonies, and a full financial statement, with a list of all disbursements, accompanied by complete vouchers therefor. Omaha, Nebraska, June to November 1898"

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I^EPORT 



OF THE 



IOWA TRAN5--niSSlSSlPPl AND 
INTERNATIONAL EXPOSI- 
TION COMMISSION 



CONTAINING A STATEMENT OF ITS WORK. AN ACCOUNT OF EX- 
HIBITS AND CEREMONIES, AND A FULL FINANCIAL 
STATEMENT, WITH A LIST OF ALL DIS- 
BURSEMENTS, ACCOMPANIED BY 
COMPLETE VOUCHERS 
THEREFOR. 



OnAHA, NEBRASKA. JUNE TO NOVEnBER. 1895. 



PUBLISHED BY THE IOWA COMMISSION. 



TELECiKAFH PRIXTIXC CO. 

DLBUtjlE. IOWA. 

1899. 



tXE(yTlVEi(OllN(Il Of STATL 

Gov. Leslie M. Shaw, - - President 

Hon. Geo. L. Dobson, Secretary of State 

*Hon. C. G. McCarthy, ----- Auditor of State 
Hon. John Herriott, . - . - - Treasurer of State 
*A . E. Shipley, ------ . - - - Seci-etary 



= Succeeded by HOX. FRANK F. MERRIAM 
• Succeevled by A. H. DAVISON 




GEORGE L. DOBSON. 
Hecretarv of State. 




1 RANK F. iMERKIAM 
Auditor of State. 




JOHX HERKUyrT, 
Treasurer of Stale. 



Iowa Trans Mississippi and International 
(ommission. 

S. H. MALLORY, Chariton 

ALLAN DAWSON. Des Moines 
GEO. \V. McCOlD. Logan 

FRANK N. CHASE, Cedar Falls 

S. B. PACKARD. Marshalltown 
S. D. COOK. Davenport 

R. H. MOORE. Ottumwa. 

.INCX H. WALLBAXK. Mt Pleasant 
J. E. E. MARKLEY. Mason City. 
OWEN LO\EJOY. Jefferson 

*A. W. ERWIN. Sioux Citv 

*J()HN F MERRY, Manchester 



*W 



OffKIAL ROSTER. 

President S. H. MALLORY 

Vice-President ALLAN DAWSON 

Treasurer GEO. W. McCOlD 

Superintendent and Secretary .FRANK N. CHASE 



** 



S. B. PACKARD 



Executive Committee. 

S. D. COOK 



S H. MALLORY 



R. H. MOORE 



J. E. E, MARKLEY 



JNO. H. VVALLBANK 



Auditing Committee. 



OWEN LOVEJOY 



J. E. E. MARKLEY 



Committee on Transportdtion. 

JOHN F. MERRY. 



J. E. E. MARKLEY 



Committee on Ceremonies. 

S. B. PACKARD 



FRANK N. CHASE. 



* Appointed to succeed Frank N. Chase, who resigned 

to accept position of Superintendent and Secretary 
' A. W. ERWIN did not qualify 




EX-GOVENOR FRANCIS M. DRAKE. 




c. G. McCarthy, 

Ex-Auditor of Stato. 




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Table of Contents. 



Page. 

Title 5 

Executive Council of State 7 

Roster of Iowa T-M. »& I. Exposition Commission 11 

Letter of Transmittal 17 

Report of President 19 

Address to the People of the State 21 

Report of Executive Committee 23 

Report of Superintendent and Secretary 35 

Salvage Account 42 

Schedule of Exhibits Turned Over to State 43 

Report, Department of Fine Arts 45 

Report, Department of Live Stock 47 

Report of Agricultural Department 71 

Report of Dairy Department 79 

Report of Apiary Department SI 

Report, Department of Horticulture 87 

Report of Committee on Ceremonies 91 

Report of Treasurer 135 

Report of Auditing Committee 137 

Detailed Financial Statement 137 

Resolution of Executive Council of State 175 

Roster of Employees at Iowa Buildirg and Exhibits 177 

Board of Management, T-M. & I. Exposition 179 



Letter ol Tmnsmittiil. 



To His Excellency, Leslie M. Shaw, Governor of Iowa. 

Dear Sir: Chapter 149 of the Laws of the 26th General Assembly, en- 
titled "An Act to provide for an exhibit of the resources of the State of 
Iowa at the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition, to be held at 
Omaha in the year 1898," and approved April 17th, 1896, 

Provides that "At the close of its services, the Commission shall make 
to the Governor a statement of its proceedings which shall include a list of 
disbursements with complete vouchers therefor." 

In compliance with the statute we have the honor to submit to you the 
financial statement, accompanied by the report of the Superintendent and 
Secretary and reports of Commissioners who have had charge of depart- 
ments and all standing committees, showing the work, promotion and in- 
stallation, and the prosecution ^of the work outlined in the act and com- 
mitted to us by the Executive* Council of State. The reports are de- 
signed to show to some extent the participation of Iowa in the Trans-Miss- 
issippi Exposition, in the exhibition of the resources and possibilities of 
our great commonwealth, at this first great western exposition, together 
-with an account of disbursements and proper vouchers therefor. 

Very Respectfully Submitted. 

S. H. MALLORY, President. 
I ALLAN DAWSON, Vice-President. 
I GEO. W. McCOID, Treasurer. 

S. B. PACKARD, Chairman. 
^ S. D. COOK. 
Executive Committee. R. H. MOORE. 

S. H. MALLORY. 

J. E. E. MARKLEY. 

fj. H. WALLBANK, Chairman. 
Auditing Committee. \ OWEN LOVEJOY. 

I J. E. E. MARKLEY. 

rjOHN F. MERRY. 
I Committee on Transportation. 

j p. N. CHASE, Superintendent and 
i Secretary. 




S. H. MALLORY. 
President Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition Commission. 



Report ot the Iowa Triins Mississippi and International 
Exposition Commission. 

INTRODUCTORY. 
By SMITH H. MALLORY, President. 



To His Excellency, Leslie M. Shaw, Governor of Iowa: 

The Twenty-Sixth Genei-al Assembly provided for a Commission or Ex- 
hibit Committee for the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition, 
and made a preliminary appropriation of ten thousand dollars by the fol- 
lowing Act: 

"Chapter 149, Laws of the Twenty-Sixth General Assembly. 

AN ACT to provide for an exhibit of the resources of the State of Iowa at 
the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition to be held at Omaha in 
the year 1898. 

WHEREAS, Congress has passed a bill authorizing and encouraging the 
holding of the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition at the city of 
Omaha, in the state of Nebraska, in the year 1898; and, 

WHEREAS, It is very desirable that the agricultural, mineral, mechan- 
ical, industrial and educational, and every resource and advantage of the 
State of Iowa shall be creditably represented in such Exposition; there- 
fore. 
Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Iowa: 

Section 1. That the Executive Council be and is hereby authorized and 
directed to appoint an exhibit commission to be known as the Iowa Trans- 
Mississippi and International Exposition committtee. Such commission 
shall consist of eleven members, to be selected one from each congressional 
district in the State, not more than six of whom shall be from 
the same political party, and shall have full power to devise and execute 
plans for the said exhibit herein contemplated, and take charge of the same 
and dispose of the appropriations. It may appoint such officers as it in its 
judgment may deem necessary for the carrying out of the purposes of this 
act, including the right to delegate to the exhibit committee the duty and 
power to execute all or any plans that may be devised or ordered by said 
commission. One member thereof shall be chosen to act as treasurer and 
who shall be ex-ofRcio custodian of the moneys herein appropriated, but 
before entering upon the duties of such office he shall furnish a bond sub- 
ject to the approval of the Executive Council, and in favor of the State 
of Iowa, in a penal sum equal to the amount herein appropriated. Any va- 
cancy occurring in such Commission shall be filled by the Executive Coun- 
cil by a choice of some citizen residing in the congressional district 
wherein such vacancy occurs. 

The commission herein created shall serve without compensation. 

Sec. 2. The sum of ten thousand dollars is hereby appropriated out of 
any monev in the state treasury, not otherwise appropriated, for the pur- 
pose of carrying into execution the intent of this act. All payments of 
money must be made upon complete vouchers and under conditions to be 
fixed bv said commission. At the close of its services the commission shall 
make to the governor a statement of its proceedings, which shall include a 
list of all disbursements with complete vouchers therefor. Provided, 
further, no appointment under this act shall be made, nor shall any money 
herein appropriated be drawn or any charge or expense made until it is 
definitelv known that Congress has made a substantial appropriation for the 



20 IOWA T-M. AND I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition. Provided, further, that 
said commission shall be restricted in expenses to the sum herein appropri"- 
ated, and no contracts shall be made or money expended except upon ap- 
proval of the Executive Council. 

Approved April 17, 1896. 

The Commission was appointed by the Executive Council of State under 
this Act. The law provides that the Executive Council of State should su- 
pervise the expenditure of money by the Commission, and the plans for ex- 
penditure of any and all funds appropriated by the State should be ap- 
proved by the executive Council before money could be expended. The 
Commission take this opportunity to express their thanks to the Executive 
Council of State for their kindly advice and co-operation and for their uni- 
form courtesy and approval of their work. 

The Commission met at the Capitol on call of Governor Francis M. 
Drake for organization on the 27th of May, 1897. Ten members of the com- 
mission were present and qualified. A. W. Erwin, of the Eleventh district, 
was not able to be present on account of other duties, and has not since that 
time qualified as commissioner or attended any of the ineetings of the Com- 
mission. At this first session officers were elected and rules for the gov- 
ei'nment of the Commission were adopted. 

The second session of the Commission was held in Council Bluffs, and 
was invited by Gurdon W. Wattles, President, to confer with the Board of 
Management of the Exposition. At that conference the scope of the expo- 
sition was fully discussed and we became satisfied that they had the matter 
well in hand and sufficient capital at their disposal to insure the ultimate 
success of their great enterprise. After the conference the commission, ac- 
companied by the President and members of the Executive Committee of 
the Board of Management of the Exposition, visited the exposition grounds. 

The Commission at this session appointed a committee to prepare an 
address to the people of the State; a sub-committee to prepare estimates 
deemed necessary for a creditable exhibit of the I'esources and industries 
of Iowa and to consult architects in regard to plans for state building and 
cost of the same and report at the next session of the commission. It also 
assigned members of the Commission to take charge of different depart- 
ments of the State exhibit. 

The Congress of the United States recognized the Trans-Mississippi and 
International Exposition and made a liberal appropriation therefor. The 

City of Omaha and the State of Nebraska made large contributions to aid 
the project. It was not only necessary to make a large contribution to aid 
it required courage and almost superhuman energy to build and carry 
forward to a successful termination a great exposition more than one thou- 
sand miles from the seaboard and in the heart of the new but vast territory 
lying west of the Mississippi river. The grand success of the Exposition 
is largely due to the hard work and able management of President Gurdon 
W. V\^attles and his efficient contemporaries. 

The Twenty-Seventh General Assembly made an additional appropria- 
tion of twenty-five thousand dollars, thus placing a total of thirty-five 
thousand dollars at the disposal of the Iowa Commission. The Commission 
realized that to creditably represent all the varied industries of the state 
it would require a much larger sum and wisely decided not to enter into 
competition with the other states and territories in all the different depart- 
ments, but first erect and maintain a comfortable home for Iowa visitors 
and their friends, and make the best possible showing of our leading in- 
dustries, 

At a subsequent session it was found necessary to appoint a suitable 
person as General Superintendent to take charge of the work. 

The results are fully set forth in the reports of the Superintendent and 
Secretary and the Commissioners in charge of the several departments. 

S. H. MALLORY, 

President Trans-Mississippi and In- 
ternational Exposition Commission. 



Address to tlie People of the State. 



To the People of the State of Iowa: 

Iowa being the pivotal state of those embraced in the wide territory 
known as the Trans-Mississippi as regarcis wealth, enterprise, education, and 
all that goes to make a great state, the people of Iowa are especially inter- 
ested in the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition, to be held in 
Omaha in 1898. This Exposition will be held for the purpose of exhibiting 
the products, manufactures, arts and industries of the twenty-four states 
and territories included in the Trans-Mississippi belt. It has been national- 
ized by act of Congress, and aided by a liberal appropriation. 

The Twenty-Sixth General Assenibly of Iowa passed "An Act to provide 
for an exhibit of the resources of the state at the Trans-Mississippi and In- 
ternational Exposition to be held at Omaha in the year 1898," which was ap- 
proved by the Governor April 17th, 1896. The Commission appointed under 
this act asks j'our co-operation in carrying out the expressed intent — "that 
the agricultural, mechanical, industrial, educational, and every resource and 
advantage of the state of Iowa be creditably represented." 

At the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia in 1876 Iowa took the gold 
medal on farm and dairy products. At the V>"orld's Fair in Chicago, Iowa 
made an exhibit of her agricultural, horticultural, dairy and live stock inter- 
ests that did great credit to the state. All the world knows of Iowa and its 
agricultural wealth and possibilities. The world also knows that in point of 
education, Iowa leads. • 

The Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition will afford an oppor- 
tunity that has not hitherto been presented to Iowa, not only to advertise 
her agricultural wealth, but also to show the possibilities of developing a 
great manufacturing state. The coal fields of Iowa are sufficient to run all 
the manufacturing interests of the entire Northwest. The water power 
•still undeveloped, is unsurpassed in the West. 

Experimental tests of sugar beets in Iowa have shown beyond question 
the possibility of making beet sugar oneof the leading industries of the state 

Take as a basis a commercial point in Iowa, draw a circle taking in a 
radius of two hundred miles, and you will And more railroads and river out- 
lets for commerce than in the same extent of territory any place in the 
world. But the Iowa cattle and hog producer must at present find his mar- 
ket in Chicago. The farmer w'ho depends upon the sale of grain for the 
profits of his farm, either directly or indirectly, finds his market east or 
south of the borders of his own state. The Iowa wool grower ships his clip 
to the eastern seaboard. Iowa has not risen to her opportunities. 

Capital is necessary for success in new fields of industry; Iowa has capi- 
tal, and Iowa capital should be used in developing the latent resources of the 
far-famed agricultural and dairy state, and in building up home markets. 
Foreign capital would naturally be drawn by the magnate, "faith at home," 
and Iowa, with her vast agricultural resources and her own artisans, would 
supply her own people and the world with finished goods, and would indeed 
become the pride of the Trans-Mississippi group of states. 

This Exposition can be made a source of profit to Iowa beyond all com- 
putation. The time is now ripe for investment in new lines. There has never 



22 IOWA T-M. AND I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

before been a time in the history of the country when there was so much idle 
capital as there is today. Idle capital means idle laborers. Iowa should form a 
working ground for these mutual interests. The capitalist and laborer can 
join hands in Iowa and develop the natural and latest resources of the state 
to an extent" heretofore undreamed of. 

Money is necessary to make an exhibit that will do credit to the state 
Only $10,000 has been appropriated. It will require $50,000 more to do the 
work at all creditably. The farmers and stockmen cannot afford the ex- 
pense of an exhibit without the aid of the state. The same is true in other 
departments. 

State interest as well as state pride calls for a requisite appropriation. 
The Exposition will be held at our western border, and Iowa will receive a 
large part of the direct benefit which falls to the country immediately sur- 
rounding any great exhibition. It is probable that Iowa will reap as much 
direct benefit fi'om eastern travel and transportation as will Nebraska 

The Commissioners appeal to all the people to join in making an exhibit 
that will bring pi-actical results, and expect that those engaged in agricul- 
ture, horticulture, stock raising, manufacturing, and all other industrial lines 
of work will at once begin preparation for the exhibit. 

The liberal arts department should make an exhibit commensui-ate with 
the vast sums of money the state is expending for the education and eleva- 
tion of its people. Fine arts and the department of women's work should be 
especially successful in this Exposition. 

Please address the commissioner of the department in which you wish to 
exhibit. On all general matters, address the secretary of the Commission. 

SYLVANUS D. COOK, Chairman, 
Committee. ROBERT H. MOORE, 

JAMES E. E. MARKLEY, 



Report ot tnc Execotive (oniniiitee o[ the Iowa Trans- 
Mississippi Exposition (omniission. 



We have the honor to report briefly the work assigned to and the re- 
sults accomplished by the Executive Committee. For information in detail, 
reference is had to the minutes of all the sessions of the Executive Commit- 
tee, which are already a matter of record. 

ORGANIZATION. 

The act creating the Commission gave to them authority to delegate its 
powers wholly or in part to an executive or exhibit committee. The rules 
adopted by the Commission at their fir.^t session provided for an Executive 
Committee of three, but did not confer upon them full power to act. At a 
subsequent session when it was definitely known what amount of funds 
would be at the disposal of the Commisssion, the amount being considerably 
less than was asked for and deemed necessary for a creditable showing of 
Iowa's resources, and as frequent meetings of the Commission would be ex- 
pensive, in the interest of economy (not because the members of the Com- 
mission were unwilling to devote their time) ai the third session of the Com- 
mission Rule VII, referring to the Executive Committee was rescinded and 
the following rule substituted in lieu thereof: 

"Article VII.— There shall be an Executive Committeee consisting of five 
members of the Commission. Three shall be appointed by the president, and 
the President and Secretary of the Commission shall be ex-offlcio members. 
Such committeee shall serve during the pleasure of the Commission and per- 
form such duties and execute such plans as may be devised or ordered by the 
Commission." 

Under the new Article VII, the following persons constitute the Executive 
Committee: S. B. Packard, S. H. Mall^ry, S. D. Cook, R. H. Moore, F. N. 
Chase. 

Commissioner Markley offered the following resolution and moved its 
adoption: 

"Whereas, It will be necessary to use the utmost economy in the expen- 
diture of the funds appropriated by the state for the Trans-Mississippi and 
International Exposition, to be held in Omaha, June to November, 1898, in or- 
der to accomplish the best results and make the most creditable exhibit of the 
products of the state, and 

"Whereas, The frequent meetings of the Cojnmission are expensive and 
constantly reduces the limited appropriation made by the state, and 

"T^'hereas, The law under which this Commission is appointed gives 
this Commission the right to delegate to an Executive or Exhibit Committee 
the duty and power to execute all or any plans that may be devised or or- 
dered by the Commission, and 

"Whereas, The work to be done will require immediate and constant at- 
tention; therefore, 

"Resolved, 1st, That all the duties, and power to execute all or any plans 
that are now, or may hereafter be devised or ordered by this Commission be, 
and the same are hereby delegated to the Executive or Exhibit Committee, 



24 IOWA T-M. AND I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

with full power to act in the premises, at all times when this Board is not 
in actual session; and 

"Resolved, 2nd, That the secretary of this Commission be, and is hereby 
required to keep an accurate record of all proceedings of the Executive or Ex- 
hibit Committee, and report the same to this Commission, to be preserved as 
a part of the proceedings of said Commission." Adopted. 

On motion of Commissioner Cook, S. B. Packard was elected chairman 
of the Executive Committee. 

At the fourth session of the Commission, on motion, the following resolu- 
tion was adopted: 

"Whereas, F. N. Chase has so ably and satisfactorily discharged the du- 
ties of secretary of this Commission ever since its organization without com- 
pensation; and 

"Whereas, This Commission does not think it just that he should con- 
tinue without being compensated; and 

"Whereas, The interests of the cause demand the entire services of a com- 
petent man as secretary and general superintendent, but as the law does 
not permit of the selection of any member of this Commission as an officer 
with pay; therefore, be it 

"Resolved, That Mr. Chase be requested by this Commission to resign as 
commissioner in order that he may accept the position of secretary and gen- 
eral superintendent; and, 

"Resolved, further. That his compensation be fixed at a salary of one hun- 
dred and twenty-five dollars ($125.00) per month and necessary expenses, 
subject to the approval of the Executive Council of the State." 

Upon request of Commissioner Chase of the Third district, the Executive 
Council accepted his resignation. Mr. Chase then accepted the position of 
superintendent and secretary and continued the work. 

At the fourth session of the Commission, upon the resignation of F. N. 
Chase as a member of the Commission, the following resolutions were 
adopted: 

Commissioner Moore moved that the vacancy on the Executive Commit- 
tee created by the resignation of F. N. Chase be filled by the election of Com- 
missioner J. E. E. Markley. Seconded by Commissioner Lovejoy. 

Commissioner Lovejoy moved that new Article VII. be amended by strik- 
ing out the words "three shall be appointed by the president and the presi- 
dent and secretary of the Commission shall be ex-ofl3cio members," and in- 
serting in lieu thereof the words "the president of the Commission shall be 
ex-ofRcio a member thereof." 

Under those resolutions your Comnittee undertook the work, having full 
authority to act in all matters at all times when the Commission was not in 
session. Nine sessions of the Executive Committee have been held. Plans 
were devised from time to time and instructions were given to the superin- 
tendent, who had been appointed by the Commission to take charge of the 
work under the direction of the Executive Committee and their plans and in- 
structions were ably and faithfully carried out by him. 

PRELIMINARY W^ORK. 

At second session of the Commission, Commissioners S. B. Packard and 
F. N. Chase were appointed as a sub-committee to prepare estimates, and 
Commissioner Packard was appointed a committee of one to visit Omaha and 
confer with the Board of Management in reference to location for State 
Building and in regard to free space foi State Collective Exhibits in the sev- 
eral exposition buildings. 

Your sub-committee secured plans from the Josselyn & Taylor Co., archi- 
tect«. Cedar Rapids, Iowa, for State building, without expense to the Com- 
mission, and after careful consideration and consultation with competent 
men representing the leading industries of our state, prepared the following 



REPORT OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. 25 

schedule of estimates for State building and for a creditable representation of 
the resources of the state and for the necessary expenses of administration. 
The total of these estimates amounted to $57,400.00; $10,000.00 had been al- 
ready appropriated, leaving $47,400.00 to be appropriated. The several amounts 
were deemed to be reasonable and necessarj- for a satisfactory and profitable 
participation with the other states and territories at the Trans-Mississippi 
-and International Exposition and were approved by the Commission and 
Executive Council of State. It was decided to ask the General Assembly to 
make an additional appropriation in accordance with these estimates. 



Report Of SobCoinmittee on Estimates. 

To The Executive Committee: 

Your Committee herewith submit estimates of the cost of preparing, in- 
stalling and maintaining exhibits, worthy of the State, at the Trans-Miss- 
issippi and International Exposition, in the several departments as fol- 
lows: 

An Exhibit of Live Stock — To encourage the exhibit of the best spec- 
imens of all domestic animals of Iowa breeding, rearing, or own- 
ership, including poultry $2,000 

An Exhibit of Agricultural Products — To prepare, install and main- 
tain a collective state exhibit of grains, grasses, seeds, roots, plants, 
etc., grown by cultivation, or such as are indigenous to Iowa 
soil to include the manufactured products of this vegetation, 
such as flour, meal, sugar, glucose, starch, and products of the 
canning factory, also samples of Iowa soil $3,500 

An Exhibit of Horticultural Products— To collect, install and main- 
tain a state exhibit of orchard, vineyard and garden fruits, also 
dried, evaporated, and canned specimens by processes useful in 
the commercial handling, or preserving for winter use, also flori- 
culture and forestry, with an exhib't of flowers, woods, and the 
florist's art $3,000 

An Exhibit of Dairy Products — To make and install a state compet- 
itive exhibit of butter and cheese, with special reference to ob- 
taining awards for the best dairy batter made on the farm from 
mixed herds, or from distinct breeds of dairy cows, also for cream- 
ery butter made from gathei-ed cream, or from cream separated 
from the milk, also butter prepared suitably for export, with a 
view of the competition in the butter classes by several states in 
* June and July, September and October, also to include dairy appli- 
ances and best commercial packages $4,000 

An Exhibit of Apiary Products — To prepare, install and maintain an 

exhibit of honey, bees, bee products, and appliances $500 

An Exhibit of Mines, Mining, and Geology — For the purpose of devel- 
oping our mineral resources and exhibiting the products of our 
coal, lead, and iron mines, aluminum, and other metals, and for 
the collection, installation, and maintaining of the above, and also 
for an exhibit of limestone, marble, granite, gypsum, and other 
building stone, and the different varieties of fire and potters' clay 
and sands, and articles manufactured therefrom, to include brick 
and tile, and for an exhibit illustrating the geology of Iowa, with 
suitable specimens classified and arranged $1,000 

An Exhibit of Manufactures and Machinery — For an exhibit of ma- 
chinery of Iowa invention or manufacture, and for the manufact- 
ures of Iowa raw material with reference to cheapness of fuel, and 
for promotion $1,250 



26 IOWA T-M. AND I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

An Exhibit of Liberal Arts — To prepare, install and maintain an edu- 
cational exhibit to suitably represent our public school system, and 
our schools of higher education, academies, colleges, and universi- 
ties, including photography, engraving and public libraries $2,000 

An Exhibit of Fine Arts— To prepai-e and install an exhibit of music, 

drawing, painting, designing, and artistic work of Iowa artists $500 

An Exhibit of Publications and Journalism — To promote and provide 
an Iowa press headquarters with complete files of all Iowa publica- 
tions and newspapers and works of Iowa authors $750 

Decorative Department — This will embrace the designing and interior 
decorations with natural products of the soil in the agricultural ex- 
position and state building; for the purpose of making an artistic 

display of Iowa corn and other grasses $3,750 

Music — Band of thirty pieces, support and transportation $1,000 

Woman's Department — For an exhibit of women's work, a representa- 
tion of the achievements of Iowa women, domestic, literary, fine 

arts, inventions, etc $1,000 

For State Building — Estimates prepared by Iowa architects $20,000 

For furniture and carpets and postofflce for state building $2,200 

For wiring for electric lighting $500 

For painting and decorating walls and ceiling State building $750- 

For insurance $350' 

For stenographer, register clerk, postmaster information bureau, par- 
cel check clerk, messenger, janitor and watchmen, matron and maid. $3,750' 
Administration — Commissioners' expenses, postage, stationery, print- 
ing, freight, express, telegraphing, telephone $3,500 

Contingent $1,500 

Water supply and plumbing $600 

A total of $57,400.00, with $10,000.00 appropriated by the Twenty-Sixth Gen- 
eral Assembly, leaving $47,400.00 required. 

S. B. PACKARD, 
F. N. CHASE, 
Sub. Committee of Executive Com. 



SPACE. 

Commissioner Packard, as Committee to procure space, found no easy 
task, and was obliged to have a number of interviews with the Board of 
management of the Exposition. In some of these he had the valuable aid 
of Senator N. 'M. Pusey and Hon. Geo. F. W^right, vice-president of the 
Exposition for Iowa. 

The plans of the Board of Management were to charge all states the- 
sum of fifty cents per square foot for space for collective exhibits and 
State Building and one dollar per square foot for individuals or firms- 
making exhibits. It was estimated that we would need from eight to ten. 
thousand square feet of space and that amount was asked for, and at the- 
close of the negotiations we were successful in securing free space for the- 
Iowa State Building on the bluff tract, and 2,400 square feet in the Ex- 
position Buildings, as follows: 1,200 square feet in the Horticultural Build- 
ing, and 1,200 square feet in the Agricultural Building. Central and de- 
sirable locations were assigned in these buildings to the Iowa Commission. 

When this result was reported to the Commission it was decided that 
we w^ould make no attempt to install exhibits in any buildings except where- 
free space was granted, and at the close of the session of the General As- 
sembly, when it was definitely known that the amount asked for had been* 



REPORT OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 27 

reduced to $25,000.00, it became necessary to modify all the plans and make 
arrangements for the preparation of exhibits on a smaller scale, and pre- 
pare new plans for a State Building that might be erected within the limit 
of eight thousand dollars, that amount being designated by the General As- 
sembly for that purpose. 

It was the unanimous opinion of the Commission and the Executive 
Council that in whatever departments we exhibited the products of Iowa, 
it should be well done; the installation should be of the best, and not make 
an attempt to exhibit in all the departments, and thei'eby fail to attract 
creditable attention and notice to any of Iowa's exhibits. 

A conference was had with the Executive Council of State, and a com- 
mittee consisting of Hon. John Herriott Treasurer of State, representing the 
State Executive Council, and J. E. E. Markley, representing the Commis- 
sion, was appointed, and after due deliberation they reported to the Com- 
mission the following as the best possible distribution of the funds at the 
disposal of the Commission. Their report was unanimously adopted by the 
Commission and approved by the Executive Council. 

MODIFIED ESTIMATES. 

The following report in the form of a resolution was submitted to the 
Commission April 4th, 1898, as report of a conference of a joint committee 
of the Executive Council of State and the Iowa Trans-Mississippi and In- 
ternational Commission, by the Committee, Hon. John. Herriott, member 
of the Committee for the Executive Council of State, and Hon. J. E. E. 
Markley, member of Committee from the Commission: 

RESOLVED, By the Iowa Commission of the Trans-Mississippi and In- 
ternational Exposition, that the sum of eight thousand dollars ($8,000), or 
so much thereof as may be necessary, be set apart for the purpose of erect- 
ing a State Building in pursuance of the plans adopted by the Commission. 

That the sum of one thousand and seventy dollars ($1,070.00), be set 
apart for the purpose of providing furniture for said building, and for fit- 
ting up a postoffice, check room, offices, and the necessary fixtures in said 
building. 

That the sum of five thousand five hundred dollars ($.5, .500.00), or so 
much thereof as may be necessary, be set apart and appropriated for the 
purpose of the Decorative Agricultural Exhibit of farm products, including 
corn, and other grains, grasses, seeds, etc , and the expense of Decorative 
Art, and all work in connection with the gathering, installing and maintain- 
ing said exhibit in the Agricultural Building. 

For an exhibit in the Horticultural Building, to include Horticultui'e, 
Pomology and Forestry, the sum of $1,500.00, to be increased by such 
sum as may be appropriated by the State Horticultural Society, or so much 
thereof as may be necessary. 

For music, $2,000.00, or so much thereof as may be necessary. 

For two State Days Celebrations, with souvenir literature, $2,000.00, or 
so much thereof as may be necessary. 

For Commissioners' expenses, expenses of administration and other in- 
cidental expenses not otherwise specifically enumerated, the sum of $4,800.00, 
or so much thereof as may be necessary. 

For maintaining the Secretai-y's cfflce with assistants and expenses in- 
cidental thereto, the sum of $2,S0O.0O, or so much thereof as may be neces- 
sary. 

For salary of register clerk, Bureau of Information, two Janitors, one 
night watch, hostess and servant, custodian, and other help that may be 
necessary in and about Iowa Building, or Iowa Exhibits during the Fair, 
$2,625.00. 

For sinking fund, wrecking buildln-, i/.surance, returning exhibits, etc., 
$1,500.00. 



28 IOWA T-M. AND I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

This apportionment is subject to change by the joint action of the Ex- 
ecutive Committee, or Commission, and the Executive Council. 
On motion, the report and resolution was adopted. 

CONSTRUCTION. 

The time intervening between the final action of the General Assembly in 
regard to an appropriation and the opening of the Exposition being so short, 
made it necessary to act with promptness in regard to the erection of a state 
building. The Commission was immediately called together, the revised plans 
were subinitted and approved, bids were asked for and proposals for the erec- 
tion of the Iowa Building wei'e advertised in the leading papers as follows: 

PROPOSALS FOR THE ERECTION AND CONSTRUCTION OF THE 
lOW^A BUILDING AT THE TRANS-MISSISSIPPI AND 
INTERNATIONAL EXPOSITION AT OMAHA, NEB. 

Sealed proposals must be received by F. N. Chase, Secretary, addressed in 
the care of A. E. Shipley, Secretary of the Executive Council, Des Moines, 
Iowa, on or before 2 oclock p. m. of the 19th day of April, 1898, and opened 
at the office of the Executive Council as above at 2 p. m. of said day, for all 
the labor and materials required for the construction as set forth in the 
specifications for said building, in accordance with the drawings and specifi- 
cations, copies of which may be seen on and after the 12th day of April, 
1898, at the office of F. N. Chase, Secretary, Cedar Falls; Hon. G. F. Wright, 
Council Bluffs; A. E. Shipley, secretary of the Executive Council, Des 
Moines, or Josselyn & Taylor Co., architects. Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 

Each bid must be accompanied by a certified check for a ?um not less 
than 5 per cent of the proposal. The right is reserved to reject any or all 
bids, to waive any defects or any informality in any bid, if it is deemed in 
the interest of the State to do so. 

Proposals must be enclosed in envelopes and sealed, marked "Proposals 
for construction of the Iowa State Building at the Trans-Mississippi and In- 
ternational Exposition, Omaha, Neb., addressed to the secretary, F. N. Chase, 
in care of A. E. Shipley, secretary of the Executive Council, Des Moines, la. 

By order of the Iowa Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition 
Commission. 

F. N. CHASE, Secretary. 

At the date named in the proposals, the following bids were received: 

BIDS. 

No. 1. P. H. Wind, Council Bluffs; amount of bid, nine thousand five 
hundred dollars ($9,-500.00); certified check accompanying the bid on Citizens' 
State Bank, Council Bluffs, five hundred dollars ($500.00). 

No. 2. T. A. Dungan, Chicago; amount of bid, ten thousand and ninety 
dollars ($10,090.00), and the additional work specified in basement for five 
hundred dollars ($500.00) and to complete contract within thirty-five working 
days from the time of receiving complele plans and details. Certified check 
five hundred dollars ($500.00). 

No. 3. L. Wallace & Son, Cedar Rapids, Iowa; amount of bid eleven 
thousand seven hundred dollars ($11,709.00). Will finish rooms in basement, 
including extra closets, for five hundred seventy-five dollars ($575.00). Certi- 
fied check, five hundred dollars ($500.00). 

A joint meeting of the Executive Committee and the Executive Council 
was held. The bids were opened and read, but as all of them were in excess 
of the limit named by the General Assembly ($8,000.00), on motion of Presi- 
dent Mallory, the letting of the contract was postponed for twenty-four 
hours. 

Architect Josselyn, being present, was asked to still further modify the 
plans, and the Executive Committee immediately called the contractors who 
had submitted bids to examine the modified plans and make new bids. This 



REPORT OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. 29 

could not be accomplished within the time named, and another postponement 
of twenty-four hours was taken. 

When the time came for opening the bids, there were only two submitted. 
These bids were as follows 

Bid No. 1. P. H. Wind of Council Bluffs, Iowa, seven thousand seven 
hundred ninety-five dollars ($7,795.00). 

Bid No. 2. Messrs. Goldie & Sons, Chicago, eight thousand dollars, $8,000.) 
The bid of P. H. Wind of Council Bluffs Iowa, being the lowest and best 
bid, your committee instructed the chairman and secretary to enter into con- 
tract with him in accordance with the proposals as advertised. 

Mr. Wind gave satisfactory bonds and immediately commenced the work 
and under the direction of the superintendent and secretary it was hurried 
forward as rapidly as possible in compliance with contract. It was found 
necessary to make some minor alterations, but the work was completed 
within the limit of time named in the contract. 

D. E. Milward was employed to cover the walls with Burlap and make 
other suitable and necessary decorations for installing- the exhibit of pic- 
tures by Iowa artists and make everything ready for the furniture and fur- 
nishings. 



THE IOWA BUILDING. 

The architectural design, as well as the plans and detail drawings, was 
made by the Josselyn & Taylor Co., Architects, Cedar Rapids, Iowa. The 
design is Ionic and the effect similar to the picturesque Italian casinos. The 
object to which all their energies were bent was to secure all the out-door 
space possible, hence the large circular porches with graceful pillars sup- 
porting a high roof, the whole structure upon a basement elevation of nine 
feet. 

The site upon which the building was erected was in the very heart of 
the beautiful bluff tract and facing Iowa's graceful shores and the high 
bluffs beyond. 

"The building combined two qualities for which the State and its peo- 
ple are noted: substantialness and comfort. On the front of the building 
great porches curved in elliptical form to the north and south from the 
central veranda and invited the weary to rest and comfort. 

The extreme measurements of the building were 152 feet from north to 
south and 113 feet from east to west, of which 78 1-2 feet by 55 1-2 feet com- 
posed the building proper, leaving the remainder in facades. The basement 
, under the entire building was used for storage. 

On the first floor in the center of the building was a large hall extend- 
ing from front to rear. In this hall was placed the drinking fountain so 
highly appreciated by all visitors during the whole term of the Exposition. 
On the right of the hall the staircase ascended to the second floor. On the 
front, opening from the porches into the main hall were two large double 
doors on each side of the large bay window. The first room at the right 
was the ladies' parlor, and opening from this the ladies' dressing room 
and toilet. Beyond this and opening from the large hall was the gentlemen's 
parlor and toilet room. On the other side of the hall the first room at the 
front was the Commissioner's rooin. The remainder of that entire side of 
the building was occupied by offices for the Commission, the Superintendent 
and Secretary, a check room, postofflce, and information bureau. 

On the second floor at the front, extending the entire width of the main 
structure was the reading and press room, where many of the newspapers 
of the State, both daily and weekly, were aiwaj'S to oe found. This room 
was also used on special occasions as an assembly room, for representative 
meetings and conventions of the different organizations visiting the Exposi- 
tion from Iowa. There were also large spaces on either side of the open 
well. In the rear were store rooms and rooms occupied by the janitor, assis- 
tant janitor and night watchman. 



30 IOWA T-M. AND I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

From the roof of the building rose the dome and from it the tall flag- 
staff from which floated the stars and stripes and the bergee with the 
word "Iowa." There were domes at the extreme end of each veranda with 
flagstaff and flag on each. High on the front of the building was the word 
"Iowa," with the figures "1846-1898." Beneath this, the following motto: 
"Our liberties we prize, our rights Ave Avill maintain." 

Between the Ionic pillars were hanging baskets filled with vines and 
foliage plants, which added much to the artistic effect, and in front of the 
large central porch between the stair-cases there was a huge cornucopia 
formed of foliage plants, having the effect of casting upon the sward be- 
neath a wealth of blooming plants, typical of the blessings bestowed upon 
"her citizens by the state; at the base of this the word "Iowa" in bright 
leaves.. This design was prepared and maintained by J. F. Wilcox, florist, 
of Council Bluffs. 

No competitive exhibits were shown in the building. 

In the press room on the second floor there was an exhibit of Indian 
work by the Indians from the Iowa reservation, and a fine collection of 
photographs prepared by the President and Board of the Iowa Agricultural 
•College. 

On the walls of nearly all the rooms was installed an exhibit of the 
handiwork of Iowa artists which served to relieve, to some extent, the un- 
finished appearance of the walls, and these pictures were greatly admired 
by the thousands of visitors. 

One of the most notable exhibits in the building was the mammoth 
Book, where more than one hundred thousand of Iowa visitors and their 
friends were pleased to register their names. Full description of this won- 
derful book is given elsewhere. 

The plan adopted by the Iowa Commission that everything about the 
Building should be free to all visitors proved to be a grand feature in the 
administration of the affairs of the Building, especially the check room, 
where thousands of parcels were checked in and out daily, requiring the 
work of two attendants to accommodate all that wished to avail themselves 
of this feature free of expense. Writing tables and writing material were 
furnished in various parts of the building free. 

The Postoffice was also a desirable feature, and it required almost con- 
stant attention by one of the assistants. There were three deliveries of 
mail at the Building by the Government letter carriers daily, except Sun- 
days, and many visitors availed themselves of the opportunity of depositing 
and receiving their mail at the Building. 

FURNISHINGS. 

The Building was comfortably though economically furnished. A car- 
load of rattan chairs, rockers and settees, with a large number of wooden 
chairs, sofas and benches, furnished sittings for over five hundred people. 
•Cocoa matting extended through the large hall, and all the rooms on the 
first floor were carpeted with Japanese matting and rugs. 

The thanks of the Committee are due to the Rand & Leopold Desk Com- 
pany, of Burlington, who kindly furnished a carload of their fine office 
desks and tables for the use of the Commission free of expense except the 
freight. The Committee also wish to extend their thanks to the Steinway 
Piano Co., who kindly placed one of their superb Grand Pianos in the par- 
lor of the Building. 

EMPLOYEES, 

A detailed statement in regard to the employees in the State Building 
and other departments is given in the report of the Superintendent and Sec- 
retary, and need not be repeated here. They were all selected from Iowa, 
.and the number was limited to the actual necessities in order to keep the 
expenaitures in this department within the limit of the amount set apart 
for their maintamance. 



REPORT OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. 31 

Many hundred applications were received and filed in the office of the 
Secretary with the best endorsements and recommendations from reliable 
citizens of the State. These were carefully considered by the Committee, 
but of course very few of the large number could be chosen. 

Reasonable compensation was agreed upon, and those selected as assist- 
-ants were to be called whenever their services were needed, and their as- 
signment to the various positions was placed in the hands of Superintend- 
■ent Chase, and they were at all times to be under his control, subject to the 
action of the Committee. 

EXPENDITURES. 

Your Committee in considering the needs of all the different depart- 
ments had to consider carefully the estimate of expenditures for the vari- 
ous departments of work, and the Superintendent was, from time to time, 
requested to exercise economy in order that the expenditures in the differ- 
ent departments might not exceed the appropriation. 

It is with pleasure that we are able to announce that in only one or 
two instances did the amount reach the sum designated for that special pur- 
pose, while in many others the amount appropriated was considerably in 
•excess of the amount expended. 



SALE OF STATE BUILDING. 

At a meeting of the Executive Committee held in September, Superin- 
tendent Chase was instructed to advertise for bids for wrecking the State 
Building, removing the debris, and cleaning the grounds in compliance with 
the rules of the Board of Management of the Exposition. The Superinten- 
dent advertised for bids in the Omaha Bee and World-Herald and in the 
Council Bluffs Nonpareil as follows: 

TO CONTRACTORS— FOR SALE. 

The Iowa Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition Commission 
offer for sale, to the highest bidder, the Iowa State Building, exclusive of 
the plumbing, situated on the bluff tract. Lot No. 719, Exposition Grounds, 
the bids to include the wrecking or removal of the Iowa State Building and 
leaving the grounds clean or to the satisfaction of the Iowa Commission 
and the Board of Management of the Exposition. All salvage derived from 
said building to become the property of the purchaser. Bids to be opened 
on the 27th of October, at the office of the Secretary, at the Iowa Building, 
at 2:00 o'clock in the afternoon, the Commission reserving the right to re- 
ject any or all bids. For further information, call on the Secretary at the 
Building. 

By Order of the Committee. S. B. PACKARD, Chairman. 

F. N. CHASE, Secretary." 

Up to the time designated for the opening of the bids only one bid had 
been received, and the opening of the bids was postponed until the 29th 
-at which time four bids had been received. On motion, the Secretary was 
requested to open and read the bids. 

Bid No. 1, by A. W. Phelps &. Son, Ninety Dollars ($90.00.) 

Bid No. 2, wants one hundred and fifty dollars paid to him in addition 
to thesalvage. 

Bid No. 3, St. Bernard Hospital, by George F. Wright, Agent & Attor- 
ney ($300.00.) 

Bid No. 4, by C. F. Drake, Two Hundred and One Dollars ($201.00.) 

All of these bids were based upon notice to contractors published in 
the several papers, and all of the bids in compliance with said notice. 

The bid of St. Bernard Hospital of Council Bluffs, Iowa, through their 
attorney. Hon. Geo. F. Wright, being the highest and best bid, was ac- 



32 IOWA T-M. AND I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

cepted, contract was entered into with them and wrecking of the build- 
ing commenced soon after the close of the Exposition, the rules of the- 
Exposition requiring that the building should be removed on or before Jan. 
1st, 1899. 

The plumbing in the building was also advertised for sale. Only one 
bid was received, offering fifty dollars ($50.00), as it was in place. 
It was afterwards sold for $90.00. 

SALVAGE. 

At the last session of the Executive Committee, held pi-ior to the' close 
of the Exposition, the disposal of the furniture and property belonging to- 
the Commission was placed in the hands of P. N. Chase, Superintendent 
and Secretary, by the following resolution: 

"Moved by Commissioner Moore that Secretary Chase have full au- 
thority to sell all property of the Iowa Commission not already sold or 
otherwise disposed of. Motion adopted." 

A statement of the proceeds from salvage is attached to and made a 
part of the report of the Superintenc^ent and Secretary. 

BENEFITS TO THE STATE AND TO ITS CITIZENS. 

Your Committee fully believe that the State through its Legislature 
acted wisely in planning to participate in this first great western exposition. 

The Exposition had its origin in a representative convention composed 
of intelligent delegates from Iowa and other Trans-Mississippi States and 
Territories, and Omaha was finally selected as the place for holding the 
same. The United States government lent its aid, co-operation and finan- 
cial support, and the Citizens of Omaha and Nebraska and the trunk line 
railroads by liberal contribution furnished an adequate amount of money, 
without which no exposition could be made a success. 

Notwithstanding the unfortunate circumstance of the Spanish-American 
war, which diverted the attention of all of our citizens, to some extent at 
least, from the arts of Peace, still the Exposition, in its beautiful grounds, 
magnificent buildings, and endless variety of exhibits attracted the atten- 
tion and admiration of a vast multitude and its success was phenomenal. 

It does not seem, in this intelUgent age, necessary to speak of the bene- 
fits of great expositions, especially as to the good done to the Trans-Mis- 
sissippi country by the recent exhibition at Omaha. If this great valley 
region as a whole has been benefitted, what shall we say of Iowa, on whose 
very borders the exposition was held, making our state the gateway to it 
from the east? In an address on a neighboring State day, when praise 
would naturally be expected to be corfined to the subject of the occasion, 
a distinguished eastern orator said ir substance: "If I had found no such 
an exposition here, the ride I have had across the State of Iowa, would have 
fully repaid me for my trip. "Words cannot picture the scenes spread be- 
fore me of thriving towns and cities, the vastness of the agricultural sec- 
tion, the high cultivation of the farms, the' wealth of grain and fruit and 
flowers and the herds and flocks I saw. To me it was a revelation, and I 
shall tell the story when I return to hundreds who know not of the great- 
ness of Iowa." 

The same impression formed on the minds of thousands who cross our 
State to Omaha, is worth more in an advertising sense, and will bring more 
material returns to our state than can be expressed in dollars. The education 
given the thousands of lowans who visited the Exposition is also beyond 
financial computation. But even in a strictly business sense it would be 
rash for anyone to deny that within the next few years, all that Iowa ap- 
propriated for its exhibit at Omaha will come back to our people many fold. 

The benefits resulting to the west at large and to the State of Iowa and 
its citizens, we believe, will vastly exceed the cost of money and labor and 
will continue to add greatly to the material growth and prosperity of our 
great commonwealth. 



REPORT OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. 33- 

In closing this report, the Committee desires to put upon record its 
just appreciation of the satisfactory discharge of the duties imposed upon 
the Superintendent and Secretary, F. N. Chase. 

With the extended acquaintance and thorough knowledge Mr. 
Chase has had in Exposition work, the Committee was sure 
he would see his way plainly, but still the labor devolved 
was more than most men could have done well, when it 
is • considered that the contract for the erection of the Iowa State 
Building required its completion in less than fifty working days and that 
this was accomplished under his supervision, and during the same time the 
work of preparing the space and installing the exhibits to be made by the 
Commission in the agricultural and horticultural buildings; these exhibits 
were to be ready for inspection by the opening day of the Exposition, and 
the work of decorating and furnishing the State Building and the prepara- 
tion for the dedicatory services held June 23d, the care needed in systema- 
tizing the work of those who were to be on duty in the Iowa State Build- 
ing, besides receiving the vast number of people who had business with 
the Commission or found pleasure in the genial social qualities of this 
hard worked official when he was most pressed with his perplexing 
duties, yet always meeting pleasantly and courteously their calls and in no 
Instance forgetting that he belonged to and represented Iowa. 

As Superintendent, Secretary and disbursing agent, his accounts have 
been accurately kept and his vouchers have been found to cover every dol- 
lar of expenditures and the careful and economical disbursement of the 
funds entrusted to the Commission meet their expectation and hearty ap- 
proval. 

His duties as Secretary and Comn:issioner in charge of the work of pre- 
paring exhibits for the agricultural and horticultural departments during 
1897 and up to April 1st, 1898, were faithfully discharged without remuner- 
ation. After that time for the period of about eight months his duties re- 
quired him to be away from home and the compensation allowed by the 
committee was in no sense a just recompense for the services rendered 
us. 

THEREFORE, The Executive Committee takes much pleasure in tes- 
tifying to the value of these services and in tendering its thanks for the 

same. 

STEPHEN B. PACKARD, Chairman. 

SMITH H. MALLORY. 

Executive Committee. JAMES E. E. MARKLEY. 

ROBERT H. MOORE. 

SYLVANUS D. COOK, 




F. N. CHASE. 
Superintendent and Secretary Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition Commission. 



Report o( Superintendent and Secretify. 



By F. N. CHASE. 



To the President and Members of the Iowa Trans-Mississippi and Interna- 
tional Exposition Commission. , , ,, , ti-,^ tt^ 
C^ntlemen: Complying with the following resolution ^^°P^f ^^^,^^1%^^^: 

•ecutive Committee of your Commission in session Isovembei 1, 1^9b, I pre 

sent my report. 

RESOLUTION. 

"Moved by Commissioner Markley that Chairman Packard of the Exe- 
.cutive committee, assisted by the secretary, be authorized to make a com- 
prehensive report of the doings of the Executive Committee and the Com- 
mSon, to be submitted to the final meeting of the Commission when 
•called." Motion adopted. 

REPORT OF SECRETARY. 

The Iowa Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition Commission 
■^v•as appointed by the Executive Council of state under Chaptei one 
"undred forty-nine (145), laws of the Twenty-sixth General Assembyw^^^^^ 
:made a preliminary appropriation of ten thousand ^*'\la'-^/^i;'"^OJ;Jfi^,.,^"^^^. 
thorized the appointment of a Commission of eleven by the Executn e Coun 

<:il, one from each Congressional district. 

The following persons were appointed: 

First District-JOHN H. WALLBANK, Mt. Pleasant, Iowa. 

Second District-SYLYANUS D. COOK, Davenport. Iowa. 

Third District-FRANK N. CHASE, Cedar Falls, Iowa. 

Fourth District— J. E. E. MARKLEY, Mason City, Iowa. 

Fifth District— S. B. PACKARD, Marshalltown, Iowa. 

Sixth District— ROBERT H. MOORE, Ottumwa, Iowa. 

Seventh District— ALLAN DAWSON, Des Moines, Iowa. 

Eighth District-SMITH H. MALLORY, Chariton, Iowa. 

Ninth District— GEO. W. McCOID, Logan, Iowa. 

Tenth District-OWEN LOVEJOY, Jefferson, Iowa. 

Eleventh District-A. W. ERWIN, Sioux City, Iowa. 

Governor Francis M. Drake called the Commission together for organi- 
-^ation Mav 27, 1897, in the Governors leception room at the Capitci. len 
membe;' were present and aualified. Attorney General ^^-ley administer 
ine the oath A. W. Erwin, commissioner appointed from the Eleventh 
.i"str ct wasabsent, and has never qualified or met with the Commission 
.Governor Sake read the law, and after asking the Commission to elect 
their own officers, retired. Organization was perfected. 

The second session of the Commission was held at Council Bluffs, at 
nshich session the work of the Commission was fully discussed. 



36 IOWA T- M. AND I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

At a subsequent meeting, with the view of lessening the expense of ad- 
ministration, the powers of the Commission were delegated to an Executive 
Committee composed of the following members: S. B. Packard, chairman; 
S. H. Mallory, J. E. E. Markley, R. H. Moore, S. D. Cook. The secretary 
was instructed to keep a complete record of all of the acts of the Execu- 
tive Committeee and report the same to the Commission. 

The Twenty-seventh General Assembly made additional appropriation 
of the sum of twenty-five thousand dollars ($25,000.00). The amount asked 
for was forty-seven thousand four hundred dollars ($47,400.00). At the 
fourth session of the Commission, after additional appropriation had been 
made, the scope of the work had to be somewhat modified from the orig- 
inal plans of the Commission, and it was found necessary for some one to 
take immediate and active charge of the work of the Commission, and 
as the law creating the Commission made no provision for compensation 
for any officer or member of the Commission, and as no competent person 
could devote his entire time to work of this character without compensa- 
tion, the Commission asked the Executive Council of State to accept the 
resignation of Commissioner Chase of the Third district, in order that they 
might appoint him as superintendent to take charge of the work, under the 
direction of the Executive Committee. Your secretary tendered his resigna- 
tion, which was accepted by the Executive Council, and Captain J. F. 
Merry of Manchester, Iowa, was appointed to fill the vacancy. The Com- 
mission then elected Mr. Chase as sup?rintendent and secretary. 

The secretary, who had been discharging the duties of the office without 
compensation from the 27th of May, 1897, to April 4, 1898, and had also had 
charge of, and given personal attention to the securing of exhibits from 
the crop of 1897, accepted the position offered with a determination to ex- 
ercise the most rigid economy consistent with the best interests of the 
state, and to make the best showing at the Trans-Mississippi Exposition 
that could possibly be made with the amount of money the state had placed 
at the disposal of the Commission. 

For a detailed report as secretary, I call your attention to a complete 
copy of the minutes of all sessions of the Commission and of the Executive 
Committee on file in the oflfice of the se?retary of the Executive Council of 
State. A full and complete financial statement is published herewith. 

SUPERINTENDENT. 

The Commission and the Executive Council of State are entitled to, and 
I herewith submit, a report as superintendent placed in charge of the work 
of the Commission by the resolution above referred to. 

This work is also partly covered by the minutes of the several sessions 
of the Commission and Executive Committee, and need not be repeated in 
this report. 

The most important and immediate work was that of advertising for 
bids for the erection of the State building, the cost of which was limited by 
statute to eight thousand dollars ($8,000.00). After considerable difficulty 
and much delay, contract was entered into with P. H. Wind of Council 
Bluffs, Iowa, for the sum of seven thousand seven hundred ninety-five dol- 
lars ($7,795.00), this being the lowest and best bid received by the Executive 
Committee. Work was immediately commenced, and your superintendent 
devoted as much time as possible looking after the construction of the build- 
ing as supervising architect. 

In the meantime, a joint meeting of the Executive Council of State and 
of the Commission was held in Des Moines and plans agreed upon for the 
disbursement of the funds, believing that the best and most satisfactory re- 
sults could be obtained by first making a comfortable headquarters for the 
accommodation of Iowa visitors and their friends and for the necessary of- 
fices of the Commission, and then make exhibits representing the leading 
industries of our state, rather than to go into all departments with an exhi- 



REPORT OP SUPERINTENDENT AND SECRETARY. 



37 



bit entirely unworthy of our state. The disposition of the funds was made 
by a special committeee, State Treasurer Herriott and Commissioner Mark- 
ley, appointed at the conference just referred to, and is as follows: 

For State Building $8,000.00 

For furnishing 1,070.00 

For Department of Agriculture 5,500.00 

For Department of Horticulture 1,500.00 

For Music 2.500.00 

For dedication, state days, etc 2,000.00 

For commissioners' expenses, administration, incidental expenses 

connected therewith, and expenses not otherwise specified 4,800.00 

For secretary's office, with assistants and incidental expenses 2,800.00 

For assistants, employes in the Iowa State Building and in connec- 
tion with the state exhibits • 2,625.00 

For sinking fund, insurance, returning exhibits, wrecking building, 

etc 1.500.00 

This apportionment was subject to change by the joint action of the Ex- 
ecutive Council and the Iowa Coniiuisaion or its Executive Committee. 

The Iowa Building was completed in accordance with the terms of the 
contract and furnished comfortably but without needless expense. 
The walls and ceilings were covered with burlap instead of be- 
ing plastered, and on the walls was hung a very creditable display of the 
work of Iowa artists, under the direction of Commissioner Cook. The 
building was dedicated with proper ceremonies on the 23d of June, 1898. 
The exhibits in departments of Agriculture and Horticulture were coni- 
pleted and ready for inspection on June 1, the opening day of the Exposi- 
tion; an account of the ceremonies as well as the celebration of Iowa 
day, September 21, will be fully given in the report of the Committee on 
Ceremonies. 

As soon as the building was completed and suitably furnished, the 
employes were installed and the house was opened to visitors from 
8 a. m. until 8 p. m. every day during the Exposition, except- 
ing Sundays. Of course, there were some complaints on account of the 
building not being open late in the evening and on Sundays, but the 
masses of the people from Iowa and other states were well satisfied and 
greatly pleased with the comfort, conveniences and attention they received 
at the building. 

Tables, supplied free of charge, with stationery and other writing ma- 
terial, were placed on the first and second floors. The postoffice was well 
patronized. The free check room was highly appreciated by all. It is true 
that sometimes our hospitality was abused, for in most of the state build- 
ings a charge was made for checking, while it was well known that every- 
thing was free at the Iowa building. "What would we have done without 
the Iowa building?" was the expression of thousands of visitors. 

It was hardly possible with one set of employes to do more than was done. 
The entire building had to be cleaned and put in order every night and dusted 
every morning by the same parties that were in charge during the day. and 
repairs and extra cleaning had to be done on Sundays by the same em- 
ployes. 

It was deemed inexpedient by the Executive Committee to go to the ex- 
pense of having the building wired and furnished with electrical apphances 
for lighting, as there was practically no demand for keeping the building 
open after 8 p. m., as no effort was made to maintain any social functions 
at the building on account of the necessary expense it w^ould incur. The 
night watchman on duty was always ready to deliver packages and answer 
calls until after 12 o'clock. 

The popular concerts, fireworks and other attractions, furnished by the 
Exposition management, entertained all visitors every evening from 8 
o'clock until midnight, and the state buildings were practically deserted. 



3S IOWA T-M. AND I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

Iowa's big book for registering the names of visitors was one of the chief 
attractions to the visitors from all the states. It was furnished to the 
Compiission free of charge by the Republican Printing Company of Cedar 
Rapids, and this, perhaps the largest book in the world, was nearly filled 
with names before the close of the Exposition. 

The book is ten inches thick and thirty inches wide and thirty-two inches 
long, contains nearly three thousand pages, and has space for over one hun- 
dred thousand names, and weighs, with the covers, three hundred pounds. 
Three books of gold leaf were used in the lettering and ornamentation. The 
material is valued at $200.00, and the total cost of the book $300.00. 

This book served its purpose well, and perhaps attracted more attention 
than any other Iowa exhibit, and I believe the Republican Printing Com- 
pany of Cedar Rapids is entitled to the thanks of the Commission, and I beg 
to suggest that the book be deposited in the historical department, to be 
kept as a remembrance of the Trans-Mississippi Exposition, in compliance 
with the request of the donor. 

VISITORS. 

Before the opening of the Exposition, when members of the Board of 
Management were inclined to criticise the Iowa board for the seeming lack 
of interest on account of our unwillingness to pay for space in the depart- 
ment exposition buildings, and for space on the grounds for the Iowa State 
building, they were repeatedly assured by your superintendent that Iowa 
would do her full share towards supporting the enterprise, and that she would 
send more visitors through the Exposition gates than any other state. These 
statements were fully verified, and it was stated by many that Iowa sent 
more visitors to the Exposition than all other states combined outside of Ne- 
braska, and I believe the facts will prove these statements to be true. From 
the opening day of the Exposition until its close the attendance from Iowa 
was remarkable, especially from the western portion of the state. Nearly 
every week the railroads gave a rate of one cent a mile from all points 
within a radius of one hundred and fifty miles of Omaha, thus reaching 
Sioux City, Boone, Des Moines, and south to St. Joseph, Mo., and when 
the low rates were extended throughout the entire state, the rush of vis- 
itors from Iowa was marvelous, and before the close of the Exposition the 
members of the Board of Management were profuse with their compli- 
ments, both on account of what the state had done in the way of exhibits 
and for the large patronage by her citizens. This large number of visitors 
made the building a busy place. 

EMPLOYES. 

The total number of employes at the Iowa State building during the term 
ot the Exposition was twenty. Some of these were emploj^ed for one month 
only, others were re-appointed and remained two months, while only two 
outside of the secretary's office remained during the full term of the Expo- 
sition, thus carrying out the plan adopted by the Commission to change the 
employes whenever it could be done without detriment to the service. 

INSURANCE. 

In view of the combustible nature of the Iowa building and the buildings 
adjacent thereto, it was deemed advisable to place on the building a rea- 
sonable amount of insurance, not only on the building, but on its contents. 
In compliance with the instructions of the Executive Committee, I placed 
$5,500.00 of fire insurance and $3,500.00 tornado insurance upon the building, 
and $3,500.00 upon the furnishings and exhibits. The insurance on the build- 
ing expired November 1, on the contents November 20, 1S9S. 

W^ATER SUPPLY. 

One of the greatest luxuries of the Iowa Building during the hot weather 
was the inexhaustiblesupplyof ice water at the drinking fountain in the hall 



REPORT OF SUPERINTENDENT AND SECRETARY. 39 

of the building. This increased to some extent the amount of our ice and 
water bills, but we believe it was a good investment, and it seemed to be a 
necessity. 

REPAIRS. 

The repairs on the building from the time it came into the possession of 
the Commission until it was sold were nominal, with the exception of neces- 
sary repairs upon the roof to prevent leakage, but this had been provided 
for with the contractor, he having agreed in his contract to keep the roof 
in good repair until the close of the Exposition, which he did promptly when- 
ever notified. 

During the last half of September and the month of October the 
weather was unreasonably cold. Oil stoves and large lamps were used, and 
everything that could be done for the CDmfort of visitors was done, but it 
was exceedingly uncomfortable both for visitors and employes. 

SALE OF BUILBING AND FURNITURE . 

Resolutions were adopted by the Executive Committee authorizing the 
superintendent to advertise for bids for wrecking the State building. 

The following resolution was adopted, instructing the seci-etary to dis- 
pose of the property of the Commission: 

Motion by Commissioner Moore "that Secretary Chase have full author- 
ity to sell all property of the Iowa Commission not already sold or other- 
wise disposed of." 

Also motion by Commissioner Markley "that the superintendent and 
secretary be authorized to continue employes until in his judgment their ser- 
vices were no longer necessary, and as soon as any employes can be dis- 
posed of the same should be done." 

The sale of the building was effected on October 29. Some of the fur- 
niture had already been listed for sale, and immediately after the close of 
the Exposition, all the employes not absolutely necessary to be retained to 
assist in dismantling and shipping th? exhibits were dismissed, and the 
work of disposing of the furniture and other material was commenced, and 
the exhibits were boxed and shipped as rapidly as possible. The night 
watchman was retained, and during the night time patrolled the building 
constantly until all the property of the Commission was removed from the 
building. The material in the agricultural exhibit was disposed of. 

Statement of Salvage account is attached hereto marked "Exhibit A." 

The structures used in making up the installation in -the horticultural 
building were of very little value on a?count of peculiar shape in which our 
exhibit in that building had to be installed, being one quarter of the center 
of the building under the dome The material used had to be cut in such 
manner as to make it worthless for any other purpose, and after several 
unsuccessful efforts had been made to dispose of it, at some price, it was 
left in the building. 

On November 20 your suparintendent removed the office to Cedar Falls, 
taking Mr. Thode, the bookkeeper, with him to assist in completing the 
work. We have made careful examination of the books, vouchers and ac- 
counts, compared with warrants, and prepared a financial statement care- 
fully verified for the auditing committee. Since that time, all matters in 
connection with the salvage account ana the disposition of matters pertain- 
ing to the live stock department have b3en settled. 

MEDALS AND DIPLOMAS. 

The Iowa exhibitors were remarkably fortunate in securing medals and 
diplomas in the departments of agriculture, dairy, apiary and horticulture. 
In the live stock department cash prizes were awarded in addition to rib- 
bons and diplomas. 



40 IOWA T-M. AND I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

The premiums awarded were of the first, second and third class and 
honorable mention. All parties receiving an award were entitled to a diplo- 
ma, and the diploma stated whether it was to be accompanied by a gold, 
silver or brass medal. Diplomas for honorable mention were not accom- 
panied with medal. 

The Exposition management issued all their medals in bronze, and have 
been severely criticised for so doing. The Iowa Commission felt humiliated 
at having to distribute bronze medals where the diploma accompany the 
same called for gold or silver, but as no provision had been made for this 
unexpected event, they did not feel justified in expending the money belong- 
ing to the state for gold or silver plating and engi'aving the medals. They 
were, therefore, distributed from this ofllce as they came from the bureau of 
awards, each one, however, accompanied by a letter of explanation. 

The collective exhibits made by the Commission in the horticultural 
building and the agricultural building were both entered in competition with 
other states and territories, and we were awarded diploma and gold medal 
on each. I have had these inedals gold plated and properly engraved, and 
they are now ready to turn over to the state. 

The total number of awards to Iowa exhibitors in all departments was 
602. 

RE-OPENING OF THE EXPOSITION. 

A short time before the close of the Trans-Mississippi Exposition, a pro- 
ject was started for reopening the Exposition in 1899. Mass meetings were 
held, and some of the representatives of the several states who had partici- 
pated in the Trans-Mississippi Exposition were very enthusiastic and anx- 
ious to participate in the new Exposition. Being the only representative 
of the Iowa Commission present at the time, and being urged to attend 
these meetings, I took the responsibilitj- of declining and saying that 
Iowa would not participate in an Exposition if held in 1899. I was obliged 
to take action without consultation, and from my past experience in these 
matters, I felt sure that both the Commission and the Executive Council 
of State would approve the action I had taken. 

DISBURSEMENTS. 

jAftpr the apportionment of the funds at the disposal of the Commission 
by the special committee appointed by the Executive Council and the Com- 
mission, it required careful forethought on the part of the superintendent 
in order that the expenditures in the several departments should not exceed 
the amount set apart for each. The superintendent, under the rules, was 
disbursing agent. I am able to report that in nearly every instance the ex- 
pense incurred in each department was less than the amount named by the 
committee. The exceptions were in the department of furniture and fur- 
nishings for the State building, and in the horticultural exhibit. In the de- 
partment of furnishings for the State building, the necessary expense ex- 
ceeded the amount appropriated for that purpose. This was on account of 
unexpected work that had to be done by the Commission to beautify the 
grounds, gravel the walks and for flags and decorations, and this depart- 
ment seemed to be the appropriate one to which such should be made. The 
water supply, ice bills and many other incidentals, w^ere also put into this 
account. 

The amount set aside for installing and maintaining an exhibit of the 
horticulture of the State was $1,.500. It was thought at the time that this 
would be insufficient, but it was hoped and expected that from $500.00 to 
SI, 000. 00 would be added to this amount by contribution from the State 
Horticultural Society. Nothing, however, was received from that Society. 

Some small errors were found in verifying the accounts, and the amount 
of these, with more than one thousand dollars received on account of sal- 
vage, has been turned over to Treasurer McCoid. 



REPORT OF SUPERINTENDENT AND SECRETARY. 41 

It is a source of gratification that I am able to report that the expense 
of administration has been less than was anticipated, and from the amount 
set apart for this purpose and for the Agricultural Exhibit, enough was 
saved to aid the Iowa Live Stock exhibitors to the extent of $1,5000.00. This 
aid brought out a very creditable exhibit from the stock breeders of Iowa. 
All these matters are fully shown in the financial statement. That statement 
also shows that one thousand dollars of the amount appropriated was never 
drawn from the State treasury, and the sum of three thousand dollars has 
been refunded to the State. A small balance is still in the ti-easury of the 
Commission, which will be sufficient for the publication and distribution of 
the final report of the Commission and the incidental expenses connected 
therewith. All of which will be accounted for in a supplemental report, with 
proper vouchers for expenditures, and will be placed on file with the gov- 
ernor. 

All of which is most respectfully submitted, 

F. X. CHASE. 

Superintendent and Secretary Iowa Trans-Mississippi and International 
Exposition Commission. 



42 IOWA T-M. AND I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

SALVAGE ACCOUNT. 

Exhibit A. 

J.F.Wilcox, furnitui'e $ 2.2S 

Mrs. J. E. Wigman, furniture 1.00 

J. R. Hudson, furniture 2.60 

Chas. J. Barber, desk 20. 50' 

W. L. Wilson, chairs and settees 14 . 40 

St. Bernard's Hospital, furniture 30.00 

B. J. Moore, chair 1-30 

Mrs. R. Laing, chairs 2.30 

Frank Merriam, furniture 2.10 

Sunshine Publishing Company, furniture 6.25- 

Eva Robinson, table 1-85 

R. G. Fritz, wood chairs 27 . 35 

Cash, old mats and matting 1-50 

Mrs. J. A. Lash, chairs and benches 2 . 30 

Chas. D. Thompson, table 22.00 

St. Bernard's Hospital, furniture 26.40 

J. W. Squires, desks and furniture 136.95 

S. Clark, chairs, etc 5.60 

L. G. Chute, chairs 2.50 

Iowa State Building, above expense of wrecking and cleaning the 

grounds as per contract 300.00 

Mrs. Ish, chairs and matting 8 . 55 

St. Bernard's Hospital, matting and dishes *. 12.90 

Mrs. Robins, chairs 6.50 

Levy, mats and matting 10.50 

Scott & Scott, desk, table and clocks 9 . 75 

I. Levy, benches and chairs 11.50 

I. Levy, books and bench 60 

I. Levy, job lot 3.00 

J. D. Hornby, stoves, furniture, and bedding 13.45 

Cash, one lot old matting 2.0Oi 

Cash, one step ladder, broken 75 

Cash, lamps 60 

Cash, one red settee, B. O 1.00 

School for the Deaf, chairs 4.0O 

J. J. Brown, chairs 3.60 

J. E. Thode. desk 22.00 

J. E. E. Markley, desk 30.00 

Matt Parrott, chairs and settees 10.60 

P. H. Wind, chairs 4.45 

Mrs. C. W. Wilson, chairs, settees and lamp 5.45 

Sanford Harris, two dressers, bad order 5.00 

Cash, one rope mat, B. 25 

Cash, one settee, badly broken 1.00 

H. S. Josselyn, chairs and settees 4.75 

Geo. W. McCoid, chairs, settees and table 27.85 

F. N. Chase, furniture, stoves and paper 12.30 



REPORT OF SUPERINTEND :: NT AND SECRETARY. 4:i 

S. B. Packard, oil stove and furniture ■^■''0 

S. H. Mallory, furniture ■ 11-45 

Cash, two pillows, @ 25c 50 

Cash, two cushions, @ 15c 30 

Cash, one basket 25 

Cash, brush, pail, mop and glasses 1-0*^ 

Cash, one lot old mats and matting 1-55 

L. G. Clute, desk 24.00 

I-. G. Clute. tools and material '^•59 

Cash, from sale of exhibits 64.10 

Cash for machine sold, less repairs 21 . 50 

On account of sale of plumbing material 90.00 

Total $1,048.44 



SCHEDULE OF EXHIBITS AND OTHER ARTICLES TURNED OVER 
BY THE IOWA TRANS-MISSISSIPPI AND INTERNATIONAL 
COMMISSION TO THE GOVERNOR AND EXECUTIVE 
COUNCIL FOR THE USE OF THE STATE. 

Thirteen cases Glass Tubes and Inverted Glass Show Bottles. 

Ten Tapestry Paintings representing Iowa's Industries. 

One Registry Book, containing names of visitors. 

Three Iowa Signs. 

One Diploma, framed, awarded to State of Iowa for Agricultural Ex- 
hibit. 

One Diploma, framed, awarded to State of Iowa for Horticultural Ex- 
hibit. 

One Gold Medal in Morocco Case awarded Agricultural Exhibit. 

One Gold Medal in Morocco Case awarded Horticultural Exhibit. 




S. D. COOK. 



Report ot the Department ol fine Arts. 

By S. D, COOK. 

When the Iowa Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition Commis- 
sion was organized it was intended that the Department of Liberal Arts 
and fine Arts should be creditably represented at the Exposition, and I had 
the honor of being chosen by the Iowa Commission as Commissioner of Ed- 
ucation and Fine Arts, a^d at once placed myself in touch with the educa- 
tors and artists of the State, which is conspicuous in the middle west for its 
institutions of learning. My efforts met with hearty response. 

But as a member of the Executive Committee I soon discovered that we 
could not properly represent all the departments the Commission had orig- 
inally outlined. Realizing that the state's basis of wealth and prosper- 
ity were agriculture, live stock and horticulture and that the funds at our 
command would not justify us in making exhibits outside of these indus- 
tries I proposed to abandon the educational and fine arts exhibit, which 
was concurred in by the Commission. ^ 

I then proposed to solicit the artists of the state for a loan of their 
best work for the purpose of interior decoration of the Iowa building. This 
request was generously responded to, and the cost of transportation and in- 
stallation was saved from other appropriations. In addition to this, with 
the consent of the Commission I ordered ten large tapestries representing 
the leading industries of Iowa, which were executed by the noted artist, Carl 
Burrette, at the nominal expense of two hundred and fifty dollars ($2.50.00). 
These pictures were a unique feature of the Iowa building, and attracted con- 
siderable notice. They could have been sold on the Exposition grounds for 
much more than their original cost, but, with the consent of the Executive 
Council, I respectfully recommend that they be turned over to the histori- 
cal department and become a permanent possession of the State. 

Respectfully submitted, 

S. D. COOK, Commissioner in Charge. 




S B. PACKARD. 
Commissioner in Charge of the Department of Live Stock. 



Report o( the Department ot Live StocK 

S. B. PACKARD. 
Commissioner iu Charge. 



To the President and Members of the Iowa Commission, Trans-Mississippi 
and International Exposition. 

Gentlemen: As Commissioner in charge of the Iowa Exhibit of Live 
Stock, I beg to submit the following report: 

The Live Stock Exhibit opened September 19 and closed October 20. Di- 
vision P, the Exhibit of Poultry, opened September 19 and closed September 
30; division A, Exhibit of Cattle; B, Horses, Jacks, Jennets and Mules; C, 
Sheep; D, Swine, opened October 3, closed October 20. Division E, Fat Stock, 
opened October 13, closed October 20. Entries were advertised to close 
August 10, except Fat Stock, Avhich closed August 15. The time of closing 
of entries was extended in some cases to a later date. 

The determination of the Exposition Management to pay no cash prizes 
was so generally disapproved and caused such wide dissatisfaction among 
the intending exhibitors that for a time it seemed that the Exhibition would 
prove a failure. The premium lists were not issued pending this period of 
uncertainty. Finally, the Exposition Management authorized cash premiums 
to the amount of about thirty-five thousand dollars ($35,000.00), and soon 
thereafter issued premium lists, when the condition changed and the work 
of preparation was actually begun by the owners of live stock. 

A catalogue of the entries was prepared and issued, sold at twenty-flve 
cents per copy, upon the opening of the exhibit, showing two thousand 
three hundred and fifty (2,350) animals, occupying fifty barns, which were 
found generally satisfactory for the sheltering of the stock, an ampitheater 
was built surrounding a spacious ring for judging the cattle and horses 
and providing comfortable seats for visitors to witness the placing of the 
ribbons. The barns were built facing two main streets running east and 
west. The horse barns were 36x100 feet; the cattle barns 34x100 feet; the 
sheep and swine barns 30x100 feet, with seven feet posts at the walls, with 
broad passageways through the center for the use of visitors. There was 
a charge of five dollars per stall (double) for cattle; three dollars per stall 
(single) for hoi-ses; and two dollars and forty cents per pen for swine and 
sheep — horse stalls six feet in width, cattle stalls ten feet, and pens seven 
by eight feet. Exhibitors and caretakers had to pay for a season pass for 
each person two dollars. Forage, grain and bedding was furnished at mar- 
ket prices. A switching or terminal charge of five dollars per car for bring- 
ing the car in and the same amount for taking the car out was charged by 
the Exposition. It may be presumed that a trifle of this amount went to 
the railways, which had tracks to the Exposition Grounds. It will thus be 
seen that an exhibitor was well taxed for the opportunity to show his 
stock and to try to win some of the premiums offered. 

Stock was exhibited from states as far east as New York, west to Colo- 
rado, north to Canada and south to Kentucky, but Iowa, Nebraska, Mis- 
souri, Kansas.: Illinois and Wisconsin were the principal states that made 
the exhibit. 



48 IOWA T-M. AND I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

The Exhibit of Poultry was small, and few people found the place where- 
the birds were shown. Nebraska provided an exhibit on the main thorough- 
fare (not for premiums) which was generally regarded by the public as the 
Exposition Exhibit, but this exhibit was in a distant part of the grounds in 
one of the stock barns. 

This report will be confined to the record of Iowa in the exhibits, but 
the number of competing herds, flocks, etc., from other states will be noted 
in connection with the awards. There were exhibits of some breeds of 
horses and sheep from other states where there was no competition from 
Iowa, as follows: 

HORSES. 

STANDARD BRED— One horse from Missouri. 
FRENCH COACH— Exhibitors from Ohio, Nebraska and Illinois. 
OLDENBURG — One exhibitor from Nebraska. 
CLEVELAND BAYS— One exhibitor from Ohio. 
CLYDESDALES— One exhibitor from. Minnesota. 

SHIRES AND FRENCH DRAFT— One exhibitor from Nebraska and Illi- 
nois in each class. 

HACKNEY— One exhibitor from Illinois. 

SHEEP. 

CATSWOLDS— An exhibitor from Wisconsin and two from Canada. 
LEICESTERS— An exhibitor from New York and one each from Can- 
ada and Nebraska. 

LINCOLN— Two exhibitors from Canada. 

SOUTHDOWN— One exhibitor from Wisconsin and one from Nebraska. 

FRENCH MERINOS— Two exhibitors from Ohio and one from Kansas, 

MERINOS— Exhibitors from Kansas. Illinois and Ohio. 

The following named persons from Iowa exhibited live stock 

SHORT HORN CATTLE 

G. E. Ward, Hawarden, herd, 11 head. 

John Cresswell, Bonaparte, herd, 8 head 

T. R. Westrope, Harlan, herd, 10 head. 

Charles C Norton, Corning, herd, 7 head. 

Albert Harrah, Newton, herd, 4 head. 

Iowa Agricultural College, Ames, herd, IS head. 

HEREFORD CATTLE. 

Peter Mouw, Orange City, herd, 10 head. 
Z. T. Kinsell, Mount Ayr, herd, 8 

ABERDEEN ANGUS CATTLE. 

W. A. McHenry, Denison, herd, 12 head. 
Charles Escher & Sons, Botna, herd, 8 head. 
John Evans, Jr. & Sons, Emerson, herd, 16 head. 
Iowa Agricultural College. Ames, 1 bull. 
A. C. Binnie, Alta, herd, 7 head. 

JERSEY CATTLE. 

L. E. Williams, Glenwood, herd, 10 head. 

HOLSTEIN FRB5IAN CATTLE. 

W. B. Barney, Hampton, herd, 16 head. 

POLLED DURHAM CATTLE. 

J. M. Hughes, Luray, herd, 4 head. 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF LIVE STOCK. 49 

HORSES. 
SUFFOLK PUNCH. 

Peter Hopley, Lewis, stable, 18 head. 

BELGIAN. 

E. Lefebure, Fairfax, stable, 13 head. 

PERCHERON. 

Iowa Agricultural College, Ames, 1 stallion. 

JACKS. 

W. L. DeClow, Cedar Rapid?, stable, 19 head. 

MULES. 

Geo. E. Morse, Genoa Bluffs, 1 pair mules. 

SHEEP -MERINO. 

Blakely and Co., Grinnell, flock, 24 head. 

SHROPSHIRES. 

Ed Wineland, Avoca, flock, 15 head. 

OXFORD DOWNS. 

Ed Wineland, Avoca, flock, 30 head. 

SWINE. 
POLAND CHINA. 

A. J. Lytle, Oskaloosa, herd, 28 head. 

J. H. Van Buren, Quimby, 1 sow. 

W. G. Tittsworth, AvoCa, 1 sow. 

Hoover and Harrison, Oskaloosa, herd, 11 heac. 

G. F. Marshall, Monroe, herd, 15 head. 

C Gloe, Clinton, herd, 2 head. 
Harvey Johnson, Logan, herd, 25 head. 
Richie Bros., St. Charles, 1 Boar. 
¥". M. McDiarmid, Cumberland, herd, 20 head. 
A. W. Albertson, Inwood, herd. 5 head. 
L. Maasdom & Son, Bella, herd, 4 head. 
Thomas Stevenson, Fifleld, herd, 13 head. 
Iowa Agricultural College, Ames, 1 sow. 

DUROC JERSEY. 

Wm. Roberts and Son, Paton, herd, 24 head. 
John Henderson, Panora, herd, 20 head. 

BERKSHIRE. 

IdaTI. Haworth, New Sharon, herd, 15 head. 

CHESTER WHITES. 

James A. Loughridge, Sigourney, herd, 30 hea d. 

The Exhibit of Cattle at the Exposition was a record breaker. The Here- 
fords, leading with an exhibit the equal of which was never seen in this 
country, and probably never in England, with an entry list of nineteen 
herds, the display in all classes was one long to be remembered by those 
present. Two of the herds were from Iowa, as noted. 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF LIVE STOCK. 51 

lOW^A RECORD. 

The best of the cattle of beef breeds exhibited from Iowa were in the 
Short Horn and Aberdeen Angus classes Six herds of Short Horns were 
from Iowa, one each from Nebraska, Minnesota and Missouri, while the show 
of "doddies" included four Iowa herds and one each from Illinois and Ne- 
braska. 

THE OFJICIALS. 

The Superintendent of the Live Slock Exhibit was J. B. Dinsmore of 
Sutton, Neb., and assistant, C. H. Elmendorf, Nebraska men with experi- 
ence. Mr. Dinsmore having- occupied the same post at the Chicago World's 
Fair. 

JUDGING. 

Mr. Dinsmore selected Mr. Richard Gibson of Canada as judge in the 
Short Horn classes. This selection met with a determined protest from Mr. 
G. E. Ward, Hawarden, Iowa. Mr. Ward, at great expense, secured and fit- 
ted a herd of Short Horns, w^hich warranted his expectations of winning the 
blue ribbon throughout the circuit of 1898. His principal competitor was the 
Minnesota herd owned by H. F. Brown. The first battle was fought in the 
aged bull class at the Minnesota State Fair, where the two judges, one 
from Iowa and the other from Minnesota, "tied," each favoring the repre- 
sentative of his State, and a Minnesota umpire awarded first to Mr. Brown's 
bull nominee, and second to St. Valentine," Mr. Ward's bull. This decis- 
ion, while not satisfactory, was abided by with the best grace possible, 
with the expectation that at the Indiana and Illinois State fairs other in- 
fluence would give fair play. Mr. Ward made the circuit with his herd. 
While at Indianapolis and Springfield his St. Valentine won, but did not en- 
counter the Minnesota herd till reaching Omaha. There Mr. Ward felt that 
since Mr. Gibson was reported to be the brother-in-law of the man who 
had raised Mr. Brown's bull, "Nominee," and was said to have figured in 
his purchase for use in the Brown herd, and would not be sufficiently im- 
partial to be placed as judge 

PROTEST. 

In protesting to Mr. Dinsmore against having Mr. Gibson act as judge, 
these reports were given as a resaon why a change should be made. This 
brought out the suggestion from the superintendent that if the judge was 
unsatisfactory he (Ward) need not bring his herd to the Exposition. On re- 
flection, and on the advice of prominent owners of Short Horn cattle who 
were much interested in having a good exhibit of the breed and that the 
absence of the herd would leave the way open without embarrassment for 
the honors to go to the Minnesota herd, Mr. Ward's herd was taken to 
Omaha, notwithstanding the apparent lack of fair play promised. The se- 
lection of Mr. Gibson as one of the judges to award the sweepstakes was 
also met with a firm protest by the Short Horn and Hereford Exhibitors, 
and upon the refusal to substitute some other person, the Hereford and 
Short Horn breeders, with the single exception of the Minnesota herd of 
Short Horns and the "cross" herd of Hereford, were not led into the ring. 

AWARDS IN CLASSES. 

The award of first place to "Nominee," the Minnesota bull, over St. Val- 
entine^ the Iowa bull, by the judge was received by the onlookers with 
hisses. In the herd contest of this breed the award of first to the Minnesota 
herd over the Ward Iowa herd by the same judge was received with even a 
more marked disapproval by the grand stand and the exhibitors about the 
ring. While Iowa had, except in the Hereford classes, the best exhibit of 
cattle of any State, she certainly, without representation in the management 
was entitled to fair play in the judging: ribbons won otherwise only em- 
phasizes the lack of superiority and wilely advertises that fact at the same 
time. 



52 



IOWA T-M. AND I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 



In some cases animals are so nearly equal in merit that a fancy or bias 
of a type or quality can honestly be shown by a judge without prejudice, 
and in such a contest it is always considered no discredit to an owner when 
good judges concede that of two animals either can be put first according 
to one's fancy without discrediting the second. 

It is not, however, considered good form for an owner to give more at- 
tention to the selection of the judge than is consistent in getting fair play. 

PREMIUMS AW^ARDED TO IOWA. 



SHORT HORN CLASS— One herd each from Minnesota, Missouri, 
braska, and six herds from Iowa. 



Ne- 



BREEDING CATTLE. 





EXHIBITOR-George E. ^ 


Ward, Hawarden. 




Class I. 


Name of Animal. 


Age. 

Aged 

Two Years — 

Calf 

Aged 

Two years 

Two years 

One year 

One year 

Calf 

Aged 


Preni. 

2d 

3d 

5th. .. 

2d 

1st 

3d 

1st 

2d. ... 

5th 

2d. ... 

1st 

1st 

2d 

2d 

3d 


Amount. 


Bulls 


St. \^alentine 


$ 15.00 
10 00 




Gold Dust 


'• 


St. \'alentine 12 


coinmenned 


Cows 


Alonarch's I>ady .... 


15 00 






20,00 
10.00 
20 00 


.4 • • •• 


Selma ... 

Ladv \'alentine .... 


it 


Nvdia of Oak Hill 


15 00 


** 


\'erbena \'alentine 

St. Valentine, Monarch's Lady 

Xorah's Valentine, Lady Valentine, 
\'erbena \alentine 




Herd 


15.00 




Aged 




Get of Sire 


St. \'alentine, four animals, . 


20.00 


Produce of 

Cow . . 

Sweepstakes, 
Bull 


17th Scottish Lady, two animals 

St. Valentine 


20.00 
15 00 


Cow 


Monarch's Lady 

Xorah's \'alentine 




15.00 




Two years . . . 


10.00 










$ 200.00 



EXHIBITOR-Westrope & Son, Harlan. 



Class I 

Bull 

Cows 

II 

Herd.!!'.' 



Young Herd. 

Get of Sire . . 
Produce of 
Cow 



Name of Animal. 



Age. 



Young Abbottsburn 2d Two years 

WildEyes lAged 

Sweet Violet 2d I Two years 

Lady of Pine Valley 'Calf 

Young Abbottsburn 2d. Queen of Aged 
Scotland. Sweet Violet 2d. Alice 
Maud 3d, Lady of Pine Valley 

Bull and four Heifers bred by ex- 
hibitor. 

Lavender King 3d, four animals 

Mary Tulip 

Roan Mary and Welcome Chief 



Under 2 years 



Prem. Amount. 

2d $15^ ~ 

5th commended 

2d 15.00 

3d j 7.00 

3d 10.00 

3d 10.00 

3d 10.00 

3d... > 10.00 



$ 77.00 



EXHIBITOR-C. C. Norton, Corning. 



Class I. 



Bulls 



Cows 

Young Herd . . 



Name of Animal. 



Age. 



Banker 'Oneyear 

Sittvton Hero 2d Calf 

Sweet Charity 5th . . .... Calf 

Banker, Lady ( jloster, Coreopsis. Under 2 years 
Brampton Lillie, Sweet Charity 5th; 



Prem. 



1st. 
■ith 
2d. 
1st. 



Amount. 



$ 20.00 
highly commen'd 
10.00 
20.00 



$ 50.00 



EXHIBITOR— Iowa Agricultural College. Ames. 



Class I. 



Name of Animal. 



Age. 



Courtier I Two years. 



Pre.m. 



Amouxt. 



4th highly commen'd 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF LIVE STOCK. 



53 



ABERDEEN ANGUS CATTLE 

Witli four herds from Iowa ami ont- each from llhiiois and Nebraska. 

EXHIBITOR-W. A. McHenry, Denisoii. 



ChissIIL 
Bull 

Cows 

ti 

ii 

^i 

Herds 

Get of Sire — 
Get of Sire ... 
Produce of 

Cow 

.Sweepstakes. 

Bull 

Any age. Cow 



Name of .\ninial. 

Heather Lad -tth, l'>.7-i7. 

.McHenrv King 2d, 2«.0(i4: 

McHenrv King 8th. 29.550 

Blackbird .McHenrv 3d. 17.-t7<J .. 
Pride .McHenrv 7th, 23,939. .... 
Blackliird McHenrv 12th. 23.941 
Coquette McHenrv lltb.2(),059 
Coiiuette McHenrv 12, 20 001 .. 
Barl)ara .McHenrv 10, 20,085. . . 
Heatlier Lad 4th at the head . . . 
McHenrv King 2d at the head . 
Heather Lad 4th. four animals ., 
Heather Blackbird, four animals 

Jesamine. 1,405, two animals . .. 

McHenrv King 2d, 26,004 

.McHenrv Pride 7th, 23,939 



Age. 



Aged 

One year .. 
Calf "......, 

Aged 

Two years 
Two years 
One year . 
One year. . 

Calf 

.\ged 

Young 



One year . 
Two years 



Prem. 



3d. 

2d . 

2d. 

2d. 

1st. 

3d. 

1st., 

2d. 

4tli 

2d . 

1st. 

1st. 

2d. 

3d. 

4th 
2d. 



Amount. 



$ 



10.00 

15.00 

10.00 

15.00 

20.00 

10.00 

20.00 

15.00 

commen'd 

15.00 

20.00 

20.00 

15.00 

10.00 



highly commen'd 
15.00 



higiily 



Class IV. 



GRAND SWEEPSTAKES BY AGES. BEEF BREEDS. 



Bull . 
Cows 



McHenrv King 2d. 20,004 

.McHenrv King 8th, 29.556 

Blackbird McHenrv 3d, 17,479 .... 

Pride McHenrv 7th, 23,939 

Coquette McHenrv 11th, 26,059 .. 
Coquette McHenrv 12th. 20,061... 



One vear.. 

Calf." 

.Aged 

Two years 
One year . 
One vear.. 




Class XVI 



GRAND SWEEPSTAKES, BEEF BREEDS. 



Herds iHeather Lad 4th at the head . . 

'• McHenry King 2d at the head 



* 



9.00 
6.00 

highly commen'd 
20.00 
9.00 
6.00 



highly commen'd 
$ 75.00 




$335.00 



EXHIBITOR— Escher & Sons. Botna. 



ClasIII. 



Bull 



cows 



Name of Animal. 



Clansman Chief, 16,026 

Proud Patrick 2d, 29,763 

.... Honev Moon of North Oaks, 18,044 

Florette, 21.884 

'• Eva of Long Branch, 24,797 

" Jennie Bavsl)ee. 27,899 

" Valetta of Long Branch. 28.902. ... 

Herds Clansman Chief at the head 



Age. 

Aged 

Calf 

Aged 

Aged ... 
Two years 
One year . 

Calf 

Aged 



SWEEPSTAKES. 



Bull, any age , Clansman Chief, 16.026 .". . • 

Cow, any age.;Honev .Moon of North Oaks, 18,014 
I Eva of Long Branch, 24,797 




Amount. 



highly 



15.00 

15.00 

20.00 

10.00 

15.00 

commen'd 

15.00 

20.00 



Class XIV. 



GRAND SWEEPSTAKES BY AGES. 



Bull 



Cows 



Clansman Chief.16.026 

Proud Patrick 2d, 29,763 

Honev Moon of North Oaks, 18,044 

Eva of Ltmg Branch, 2 1,797 

Valetta of Long Branch, 28.902 .. 




$10.00 

9.00 

commended 

15.00 

0.00 



Class XVI. 



GRAND SWEEPSTAKES BEEF BREEDS. 



Herd Clansman Chief at the head . 



[Aged. 



5d. .. 



$ 30.00 



$ 223.00 




{ 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OP LIVE STOCK. 



55 



EXHIBITOK-A. C Binnie, Alta. 



Class III 

Bull 

Cows 

Herd".!.'." :' 



Name of Animal. 



HeatluT Lad of Emerson '3d 

Mina of North Oaks 

Stately Beauty of Alta 

Mina of Alta 

Heather Lad of Emerson 2d at the 
head 



Age^ 

Aged 

Aged .... 
Two years 
One year.. 
Aged 



Prem. 



1st .... 
■Ith .... 
4th .... 
5th .... 
3d .... 



Amount. 



$ 20.00 
highly commen'd 
highly commen'd 
commended 
10.00 



SWEEPSTAKES. 



Bull any age . | Heather Lad of Emerson 2d | Aged | 1st . . 

ClssaXIV. GRAND SWEEPSTAKES BY AGES. 



$20.00 



Bull 



Heather Lad of Emerson 2d 



:2d 



$ 15.00 



$ 65.00 



EXHIBITOR— J. Evans Jr. & Son, Emerson. 



Class HI. 


Name of Animal. 


Age. 

One year 

One year 

Calf 

Young 


Prem. 

3d ... . 

3d 

5th 

2d 

1st 


Amount. 


Bull 


Black August. 26.706 

Evans Blackcap, 26,705 

Rose of Emerson 5th, 29.547 

Black August at the head 


.$ 10.00 


Cows 

Herds ..... .... 


10.00 
commended 
15.00 


Produce of a 
cow 


August Flower 2d, 21,145, two 


20.00 












$ 55.00 





EXHIBITOR— Iowa Agricultural College, Ames. 






Class III. 


Name of Animal. 


Age. 


Prem. 


Amount. 


Bull 


Roseberrv of Lakeside. 25.639 


Two years — 


1st 


$ 20.00 




SWEEPSTAKES. 




• 





Bull any age.. 1 Roseberry of Lakeside. 25.639 | Two years — | 5tli — | commended 



DAIRY CATTLE. 

Holstein Friesian were exhibited from Nebraska, three herds, one from 
New York and one from Iowa. The record made by the Iowa herd is one 
very gratifying, as follows: 

EXHIBITOR-W. B. Barney. Hampton. 



Class VII. 



Bull 



Cows 



Herd 



Name of Animal. 



Get of Sire . . . 
Produce of 



Cow animals 



Chief of Maple Hill 4th 

Jewel of Home Farm 

Sensational Chief 

Waspie Jewel Chief 

Minnie Spaanz 

Bontje 

Pence 5th Netherland 

Empress of Home Farm 

Empress Gerben of Home Farm — 
Gerben Empress of Home Farm — 
Jewel of Home Farm at the head . . 

Sensational Chief at the head 

Chief of Maple Hill 4th. 4 animals. . 
Empress Josephine 3d. (jerben two 



Age. 



Aged 

Two years 
Calf 



Aged 

Aged 

Two years 
one year .. 

Calf" 

Calf 

Aged 

Yt)uiig 



Prem 

1st ... . 
1st. .. 
3d . . . 
5th .. 
3d ... . 
4th. . . . 
4th. . . . 
2d.... 
3d . . . . 
5th. . . . 
2d ... . 
3d ... . 
3d . . . . 

3d ... . 



Amount. 



$ 15.00 
15.00 
5.00 
commended 
8.00 
highly commen'd 
highly commen'd 
12.00 
5.00 
commended 
12.00 
8.00 
8.00 



8.00 



SWEEPSTAKES. 



Bull any age. 



.! Jewel of Home Farm I Two years 

'Chief of Maple Hill 4th ^Aged 



1st. 
2d . 



15.00 
12.00 



66 IOWA T-M. AND I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

Class XV. GRAND SWEEPSTAKES BY AGES, General Purpose Breeds. 



^ull I Jewel of Home Farm I Two y ears ... 

Class XVII. GRAND SWEEPSTAKES, HERD. 



$ 15.00 



Herd 



Jewel of Home F"arm at the head.. 



Aged 



3d. 



30.00 



$ 168.00 



Three herds of Red Polled cattle were exhibited being from Wisconsin, 
Nebraska and Iowa. The following is the record of the Iowa herd: 

EXHIBITOR-S. A. Converse, Cresco. 



Class X. 



Bull .. 
Cows . 



Herd. 



Name of Animal. 



Lofty E 13th 

Red Mabel A 12th 

Rav 3d, P.9 

Spotless, VI, A. 13 

Tip III, 74 

Rav V, P.9 

Queen Bess II, A. 12 

Baveris Bess II, A. 12 

Lofty E 13 at head of herd 



Age. 


Prem. 


Aged 


3d 


Aged 


3d 


Aged 


4th .... 


Two vears 


1st 


Two ^-ears 


3d .... 


One year 


2d 


Calf 


1st 


Calf 


3d 


Aged 


2d 



Amount. 



$ 8.00 

8.00 

highly commen'd 

15.00 

8.00 

12.00 

12.00 

5.00 

12.00 



SWEEPSTAKES. 



Cows I Spotless VI, A 13 | Two years....— 2d.. . 

Class XV. GRAND SWEEPSTAKES BY AGES. 



12.00 



Cow 


Spotless VI, A 13 


Two years, 

(^ne vear ... . 
Calf " 


4th .... 

3d 

5th .... 


highly commen'd 
(5.00 
commended 




Rav V 


•. 


Queen Bess 2d, A 13 










.$ 98.00 



There were two herds of Polled Durhams exhibited, one from Ohio and 
the following from Iowa: 

EXHIBITOR-J. M. Hughes, Luray. 



Class XI. 


Name of Animal. 


Age. 


Prem. 

2d 

3d 

.3d .... 
4th ... . 


Amount 


Bull 




Aged 

Aged 


$ 12.00 
8.00 


Cow 




Calf 


5.00 
highly commen'd 





SWEEPSTAKES. 



Bull 
Cow 




JERSEY CATTLE. 

The Jersey ring was the best show of Jerseys that has been seen since 
the Worlds Fair at Chicago. 

There were two herds from Nebraska and one each from New York, In- 
diana, Missouri and Iowa, represented by L. E. Williams, of Glenwood. None 
of the Iowa herd caught the eye of the judge for a cash prize. The same was 
true of the two Iowa herds of Hereford cattle, but this fact does not prove 
the lack of merit of the Jersey or Hereford Iowa herds, but only emphasizes 
the superior quality of these two breeds exhibited, the equal of which may 
not be seen in the near future. 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF LIVE STOCK. 



5T 



Mr. Z. T. Kinsell, of Mt. Ayr, with his young herd of Herefords, stood 
sixth, but could have been placed higher with no injustice to those taking 
ribbons in this ring of eight herds. 

Division E, Fat Stock, attracted very little interest, though there was a 
small but very high class showing of steers in fat stock and car lot classes. 

The State Agricultural College exhibited some pure bred Short Horn 
steers and grades in car lot classes, as follows: 



DIVISION E, FAT STOCK. 



Class I. 


Name of Animal. 


Age. 
One year 


Prem. 


Amount 




Steer 




1st.... 
2d ... . 


$ 18.00 
12.00 





SWEEPSTAKES. 



One Year — i 1st. 



20.00 



Class IX. 



SWEEPSTAKES BY AGES. 



Steer 



One year — | 3d 



$7 00 



Class X. 



GRAND SWEEPSTAKES. 

Competition limited to first in classes. 



Steer. 




• 1 


i One year 


1 3d.... 


$ 15 00 




Class 


XII. 


A 


Best Car Lot Five Head . 
Best Car Lot Five Head . 
Best Car Lot for Feeding 
Eight Head 


Purposes 


One year 


4th .... 
5th .... 

3d 

1st .... 


highly commen 

commended 
15 00 


d 










87 00 



J. Evans, Jr., & Son. Emerson, exhibited some Aberdeen Angus steers in 
the classes for grades and crosses and car lots. 



Steer 


Car Lot. Five Head 


Two years 


1st .... 

2d 

2d 

3d 

1st 


15 00 
10 00 




** 


12 00 




Car Lot. Five Head 

Car Lot. Eight Head for feeding 
purposes 


9 00 




jj 


15 00 












$ 61 00 



Albert Harrah, Newton, exhibited grade Short Horn 
old class. 



steers in 3-year 



Class VII. 



Class IX. 
Class X. 
Class XI I. 



Steer Tliree years 1st.. 

Steer Tliree years 2d.. 

.Sweepstakes Three years ...1st.. 

Grand Sweepstakes by ages Three years 1st . . 

Grand sweepstakes, first in classes Three years ...ith 

Heaviest Steer, any age Three years 3d .. 



15 00 
10 00 
18 00 
15 00 
highly commended 
9 00 

$67 00 






TS 




IS 












— ' 




OT 


u 


1; 




w 






^ 


< 


-^ 


. 


< 


bo 










>^ 





u 




7} 


rr- 


Oi 


1-. 


M 


^ 




•;^ 








'<J 






U4 


i-i 




bi) 


<^ 


< 


a 


rt 


Di 


■s 






a. 


—4 


X 


V 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF LIVE STOCK. 



59 



HORSES. 

The exhibit of horses was not conspicuously large in numbers nor com- 
plete in number of breeds, though high class, yet it lacked in competition. 

Iowa had two first-class stables beside a good specimen sent from the 
Iowa Agricultural College, which took third premium in a good ring of 2- 
3^ear-old Percherons, as follows: 

Stallion 2 years old and under 3, third premium, $8.00. 

SUFFOLK PUNCH, PETER HOPLEY, Lewis, Iowa. 



Class 


Name of Animal 


Age 


Prem 

1st .... 

2d 

1st .... 
1st .... 

2d 

1st .... 
1st .... 
1st .... 
2d... 
1st .... 

2d 

1st .... 
1st .... 
1st ... 
2d. . . 
1st .... 
2d 


Amount 






Aged 

Aged 


$ 18 00 


Stallion 


Bell Boy 


12 00 




Ben Bolt 


Two >ears . . . 

One year 

Gne year 

CoU 

Aged 

Three years .. 
Three years, .. 

Two years 

Two years 

One year 

Under lyear.. 


18 00 






15 00 




Bol) Burgess 


10 00 




McKinlev 


12 00 


Mares 


Smart 


18 00 






18 00 




Alice •. 


12 00 




Dora 

Lucy 

Mary 


18 00 
12 00 
15 00 


■Stallion 


Juno 


12 00 
18 00 


Stallion 

JVIare 

JVIare 


Bell Boy and three of his get . . ... • 

Smart and two colts 

Lucy and two colts 


12 00 
18 00 
12 00 



SWEEPSTAKES. ANY AGE. 



Stallions 
any age 



Blazer 

Bell Boy 

Ben Bolt 

Jimmy 

Bob Burgess. 



1st 

2d. 

3d. 

4th 

5th 



18 00 
12 00 
8 00 
highly commen'd 
commended 



SWEEPSTAKES. 



JVIares any 




Jessie 




1st .... 

2d 

3d 

4th .... 
5th .... 

1st .... 


18 00 






12 00 




Juno... .... ... 


8 00 




Smart 


liiglilv commen'd 




M ar\' .... 


conuiiended 




CoU'ection two stallions and three 
mares lired by exhibitor, five years 
old or under. Peter Hopley 


18 00 




.$ 344 00 



BELGIAN— E. Lerebure, Fairfax. 



Stallions . 



Mares. 



ParthosC)03 (891) 

Brigand 1083 (967) 

Parthos IV 783 

Partlios VI 809 

Parthos \'III 811 

Stallion and three of his get, 

Parthos 603 

Brilliant 117 

Fanvette 118 

Migionette 119 

Mazette 122 

Frizette 120 .. 

Filly iMarionette 121 

Mare and two colts. Rosette 85.. . 
Mare and two colts. Brilliant 117. 



Aged 

Aged 

Two years 
One year.. 
Colt: 



Aged 

Three years. ., 
Two years — 
Two years . - 
Yearling filly 
Under 1 year.. 



1st 

2d. 

1st 

1st 

2d. 

1st 

2d. 

1st 

1st 

2d. 

2d. 

1st 

1st 

2d. 



SWEEPSTAKES. 



Stallion any 

age 
JVIare any age 



Parthos603 (891) 

Brigand 1083 (967) 

Mignionette, 119... 

Brilliant 117 

Rosette 85 

Collection, five animals t)red by 
exhibitor 



18 00 
12 00 
18 00 
15 00 
8 00 

18 00 
12 00 
18 00 
18 00 
12 00 
10 00 
12 00 
18 00 
12 00 




REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF LI^*!] STOCK. 61 

JACKS AND JENNETS 

One Exhibit from Missouri and one from Iowa. 
EXHIBITOR-W. L. DeClow, Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 

Jacks 4 years or more 2cl 

" 4 j-ears or over "d 

" 3 years 1st 

" 2 vears 2d 

" 2 yeaJs 3d 

Jennet 4 "years or over 1st 

Sweepstakes, Jack 3d 



MULES. 

EXHIBITOR-Geergo E. Morse, Genoa Biutfs. 

One year and under two 1 $1.5.00 

One year and under two 2 10.00 

Pair niules, one year and under two , 1 18.00 



*18 


00 


8 


00 


18 


00 


12 


00 


8 


00 


18 


00 


8 


00 


* 84 


00 



5 $43.00 

POULTRY. 

The following prizes were awarded to Iowa exhibitors: 

McKee & Jones, Des Moines, Iowa. 

Xiight Brama Cockerel 3 

Liight Brahma Pullet ' 3 

^Buff Cochin Cockerel 2 

Buff Cochin Cock 2 

Buff Cochin Pullet 2 

Buff Cochin Hen 1 

Barred Plymouth Rock Hen. 3 

IBuff Plymouth Rock Hen 2 

Black Breasted Game Bantam Hen 1 

Black Breasted Red Game Bantan Cockerel 1 

T31ack Breasted Red Game Pullet, Bantam 1 

Berchen Game Bantam Cock 1 

Berchen Game Bantam Hen 1 

Estelle \'aushn. Council Bluffs. 

Black Langshan Cockerel 3 

Black Langshan Pullet 3 3 

DARK BRAHMAS A. .\. .\nderson. Boone. 

Cockerel 1 

Pullet "l 

■Cock 1 

Hen 1 

Ben male and four females 1 

BARRED PLYMOTTH ROCK. 

Pullet 1 

Ben 1 

WHITE PLYMOUTH ROCK-Mrs. K. E. Beckvvith. Mt. Pleasant. 

Hen 1 

Cockerel 1 

Pullet 2 

Pen 1 




lll!ii.'.,;i!.':.i:Li;:i:i!i'!:;i:!iiiiiii'i-:'^'i!li'iii'iiii|iiiii!iiiiiiii!!':'i ,:':'ir".",''r"i*'i"i 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF LIVE STOCK. 



6S 



F. O. Green, Des Moines. 

Golden "Wyandotte Cockerel 1 

Golden Sebright Bantam Cockerel 1 

Golden Sebright Bantam Pullet 1 



BUFF COCHIN'S. 



Cock 1 

Hen 1 

Cockerel 1 

Pullet 1 

P. H. Gassard, Missouri \'alley. 

White Wyandotte Pullet 2 

Silver Laced Wyandotte, Cockerel 2 

Silver Laced Wyandotte, Pullet 2 

SILVER LACED WYANDGTTPJS-E. T. Geddings, Missouri Valley. 

Cockerel 1 

Pullet 1 

Red Pyle Game Cockerel 1 

Red Pyle Game Pullet 1 

Black Cochin Bantam Hen 1 

White Cochin Bantam Cockerel 1 

White Cochin Bantam Pullet 1 

SirTGLE COMB WHITE LEGHORN'S— Milton C. First, Adair. 

Hen 1 

Cockerel 1 

Pullet 1 

A. A. Madison, West Branch. 
Silver Spangled Hamburg Cockerel 1 

BLACK BREASTED RED G.\ME BAXTAMS-F. C. Arthur, Stuart. 

Cockerel 1 

Pullet 2 



SWINE-POLAND CHINA. 



The Exhibit was not greater in number or quality than has been shown 
at the Iowa State Fair in recent years. 

The Exhibits were from only four States: Iowa, thirteen herds; Ne- 
braska, twelve; Kansas, six, and Missouri five herds. 

EXHIBITOR-A. J. Lytle, Oskaloosa. 



Class II. 



Boar 
Sow , 
Herd 
Herd 
Herd, 



Sow 



Sow 

Four Pigs 



Name of Animal. 



So. Columbia 41541 

Marion 2 

Boar and three sows 

Boar and three sows 

Boar and three sows bred by 

exhibitor 

Four Swine, get of one sire, bred by 

exhibitor 

Lady Lightfoof 66, 125,762 



Age. 



One year 

Aged 

Over one xear 
Under " " 



Prem- 



4th 
3d 
4th 
2d 

2d 



Any Age 2d 

5th 



Amount. 



highly commen'd 

12 00 
highly commen'd 

20 00 

20 00 

20 00 
commended 



.$ 72 00 



EXHIBITOR— Harvey Johnson, Logan. 



Chiefs Fame. 122.986 Six months .. 

Produce same sow 1 Under mos. 



1st 
2d 



18 00 
15 00 

$ 33 00 




o 



M i7 



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REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF LIVE STOCK. 



65 



KXHIBITOR Houver & Harrison. Oskaloosa. 



Boar 

Sow 

Herd 

Herd 

Four Swine 

Four Pigs . 



Mahaska Chief, 41,5-1:9 

Star Pointer. -415,455 

Hoover's Choice. 127,058 ... 

Boar and three sows 

Boar and three sows, bred by 
exhibitor 

Get of oee sire bred by ex- 
hibitor 

Produce same sow 



Aged . . — 
Under (> inos 
Under (J nios. 
Under 1 \ear 

Under 1 year 



Any age 

'Under li inos. 



4th . . 
5th . . . 
4th ... 
41h .. 

4th .. 

3d ... 
1st ... 



highly commen'd 

coniinended 
highly coninien'd 



12 00 
20 00 



$32 00 



EXHIBITOR— Thomas Stevenson, Fifield. 


Boar 

Boar 


A. .T. Tecumseh, 41,309 


Aged 

Any age 


2d . . 
9d .... 


15 00 
12 00 










S27 00 


EXHIBITOR-G. F. Marshall, Monroe. 



Cl ass II. 

Herd 

Herd 

Herd 

Four Swine 



Name of Animal. 



Boar and three sows bred by 
exhibitor 

Boar and three sows 

Boar and three sows bred by 
exhibitor 

Get of one sire bred by 
exhibitor 



Age. 



Over 1 year .. 
Under 1 year 

Under 1 year 

Any age 



Prem. 



5th 
3d 

3d 

4d 



Amount. 



commended 
12 00 

12 00 

highly commen'd 



24 00 



EXHIBITOR— A \V. Albertson & Son. Inwood. 



Boar A's Chiefs Tecumseh, 19.066 Aged 5th ... 

EXHIBITOR— \V. G. Tittsworth, Avoca. 

Sow Lady CorRin, 126,896 One year 5th ... 

EXHIBITOR-F. M. McDairmid, Cumberland. 

Boar Corwin Boy, 46,023 Under 6 mos 4th ... 

Four Pigs.. The produce of one sow Under 6 mos ..3d. ... 



commended 

commended 

highly commended 
$12 00 



DUROC J£RSEY SW^INE. 



This Exhibit was generally conceded to have been the best ever seen in 
the Western country, showing that the owners of the stout boned red hogs 
are meeting with great success for their favorite breed. 

Six herds were shown from Nebraska, two from Iowa and one from Illi- 
nois, and one from Ohio, but the honors were largely taken by the veteran 
breeder from Iowa, to whom great credit is due. His score is as follows: 

EXHIBITOR-Wm. Roberts & Son, Baton. 



Class IV 



Name of Animal. 



Orion, 4,901 

Am Awake, 6,601 



Boar 

Boar 

Boar 

Sow Dot III, 13,740 

Sow 

Sow 



Herd Boar and three sows 

Hercl Boar and three sows bred by 

exhibitor 

Herd Boar and three sows bred by 

exhibitor 

Boar Sweepstakes 

Sow Sweepstakes 

Boar Sweepstakes, bred by exhibitor 

Sow ■ 'Sweepstakes, bred by exhibitor 



Age. 



Aged 

One year 

Under 6 mos . 

Aged 

Aged 

6 months, un- 
der 1 year — 
Over 1 year. ., 

Over 1 year . 

Under 1 year 

Any age 

Any age 

Any age 

Any age 



Prem 

1st - 
4th . 
2d 
1st 
2d . 

1st 
3d 

3d . 

4th . 
2d . 
2d . 
5th 
2d . 



Amount. 



S20 00 

highly commen'd 

10 00 

20 00 

15 00 

18 00 
12 00 

12 00 

highly commen'd 
20 00 
20 00 
commended 
20 00 

$ 167 00 



63 



IOWA T-M. AND I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 



K.XlIIBrroK— John Henderson' Panora. 



Class IV 



Boar 



Sow- 



Name of Animal. 



Herd Boar and three sows 

" Boar and three sows bred by 

exhibitor 

Boar and three sows bred by 

exhibitor 

" Boar and three sows bred by 

exhibitor 

Get of one boar, bred by exhibitor. 



Four Swine. 
Four Pigs . . 
Boar Sweepstakes . 



Age. 

Aged 

One year 

Over ti inos. .. 

One year 

Under U mos.. 
Over 1 \'ear. .. 

Over 1 year. .. 

Under 1 year . 

Under 1 year . 
Any age ..... 
Under 4 mos . 
Any age 



Prem. 
2d .... 


Amount. 




15 00 




5th ... . 


commended 




4th . . . 


highlv commen 


d 


5th ... 


commended 




2d .... 


10 00 




4th ... 


highly commen 


d 


4th ... 


highly commen 


d 


5th .... 


commended 




5th ... 


commended 




5th .... 


commended 




2d ... 


15 00 




5th .... 


commended 




$40 00 





CHESTER "WHITES. 

Premiums offered in this class were only three-fourths the amount given 
to other leading Iowa classes 

Two herds were shown from Nebraska, one from Illinois, one from Mis- 
souri and one from Iowa, but good enough to win the largest part of the 
prizes, being the largest winners on swine in the State. 

EXHIBITOR— James A. Loughridge, Sigourney. 



Boar 


Boar and three sows bred by 
exhil^itor 


Under 1 year . 
Under mos. . 
Under mos 
One year ... 

6 months 

6 montlis 

6 mos. (under) 
Under 6 mos. . 

Over 1 year. . 

Under lyear.. 

Under lyear.. 
Under 1 j'ear.. 

Any age 

Under 6 mos.. 
Under 6 mos.. 

Any age 

Any age 

Any age 

Any age — 


1st 

1st . . 
2d .... 
4th .. 
1st .... 
2d .... 
1st .... 
2d .... 

3d .... 

1st .... 

2d .... 
1st .... 
3d .... 
1st .... 
2d .... 
3d .... 
3d .... 

1st .... 
3d .... 


12 00 
10 00 


.> 


7 00 


Sow 


highly commen'd 




12 00 


1' 


8 00 


'. 


10 00 


• • 


7 00 


Herd 






00 


ti 


Boar and three sows bred by 
exhibitor 

Boar and three sows bred by 

exhibftor 

Boar and three sows 

Get of same boar, bred by exhibitor 




Four Swine. .. 
Four Pigs 


18 00 

12 00 

18 00 

9 00 

15 00 


Produce of same sow 


12 00 


Boar 


Sweepstakes 

Sweepstakes 

Sweepstakes, bred by exhibitor . . 
Sweepstakes, bred by exhibitor — 


9 00 


Sow 


9 00 


Boar 

Sow 


18 00 
9 00 








8 204 00 



BERKSHIRE. 

Two herds were exhibited from Missouri, one from Kentucky, Nebraska, 
and one from Iowa. 

EXHIBITOR— Mrs. Ida H. Haworlh. New Sharon. 



Class I. 


Name of Animal. 


Age. 


Prem. 


Amount. 




Second Seven Oaks Baron, 46,574.. 

Boar and three sows 

Boar and three sows 

Boar and three sows bred by 

exhibitor — 

Produce same sow 


One year 

6 months 

Under 6 mos.. 

One year 

Under Omos.. 
Over 1 year. .. 
L'nder lyear.. 
Under 1 year.. 

Under 6 mos.. 


3d .... 
2d .... 
4th ... . 
4th .... 
4th .... 
4th .... 
4th .... 

4th .... 
2d .... 


12 00 


Boar 


12 00 


Boar 


highly commen'd 


Sow 


highlv commen'd 


Sow 


highlv commen'd 


Herd 


highlv commen'd 


Herd 


highly commen'd 


Herd 




Four Pigs 


highly commen'd 
15 00 




$39 00 




^t n 



REPORT OP THE DEPARTMENT OF LIVE STOCK. 



67 



FAT STOCK DIVISION E 

EXHIBITOR-F M. McDairmid, Cumberland 



Class II- 


POLAND CHINA SWINE. 


Prem. 
2d .... 
1st .... 


Amount. 


Barrow 

Barro\\' 


Fourteen and under eighteen months old 

.Six and under ten months old 


15 00 
15 00 




S 30 09 



SHEEP. 

Prof. John A. Craig of the Agricultural College distributed the ribbons 
on nearly all the Sheep classes and gave universal satisfaction. 

SHROPSHIRE. 

A flock from Nebraska, one from Illinois and one from Iowa were shown. 

EXHIBITOR-Ed. Wineland. Avoca. . 



Class V. 


Name of Animal 




Age. 

Aged 

Yearling 

Two years . . 
Yearling 

Under 2 years. 


Prem. 

3d .... 
5th .... 
4th .... 
5th .... 

3d .... 


Amount. 


R am 


Two rams and three ewes 1 
exhibitor 


jred by 


8 00 


(i 


commended 


Ewe 


highly commen'd 




Pen 






9 00 



OXFORD DOWNS. 

One Exhibit from Wisconsin, one from Illinois and one from Iowa. 
EXHIBITOR-Ed. Wineland, Avoca. 



Class VI. 


Name of Animal. 


Age. 

Aged 

Yearling 

Lamb .... 


Prem. 

3d .... 
3d .... 
5th ... . 
4th ... . 
3d .... 
5th .... 


Amount. 


Ram 




8 00 




8 00 


11 


rom mendefl 


Ewe 


Aged 

1 earhng 

Yearling 


highly commen'd 
8 00 




.• 










$ 41 00 



DELAINE MERINO. 

Two flocks were shown from Kansas, one from Ohio and one from Iowa. 
EXHIBITOR-Blakely & Co., Grinnell. 



Class X. 


Name of Animal. 


Age. 

Two years 

Two years 

One year 

One year 

Under 1 year.. 
Under 1 year.. 
Ae-ed 


Prem. 

4th .... 
5th .... 
3d ... 
4th .... 
3d .... 
4th .... 
3d .... 
4th .... 
3d .... 
4th .... 
3d .... 
4th .... 
4th .... 
2d .... 
.3d .... 
2cl .... 

2d .... 

3d .... 


Amount. 


Ram 


and three ewes 


highly commen'd 
comniHnrlerl 






5 00 
highly commen'tl 

4 00 
highly ct)mmen'd 

5 00 


4< 


Ewe 


a 


Aged.... ..... 

Two years . . . 
Two oears — 

One year 

One year 

Under 1 year.. 
Over 2 years.. 
(Jver 2 years.. 
Over 2 years . . 

Under 2 years 

Under 2 years. 


highly commen'd 

5 00 
highly commen'd 

5 00 


" 


iiighly commen'd 
highly commen'd 
12 00 


" 


Ram 


Ram 


and three ewes 


9 00 


Pen of five 


ewes bred by exhibitor 


12 00 


Pen of two 

Pen of two.... 


rams and three ewes bred by 
exhibitor 

rams and three ewes bred by 
exhibitor 


12 00 

9 00 










S 78 00 



CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF PREMIUMS AW^ARDED TO 
lOAVA LIVE STOCK EXHIBITORS, 

Short Horn Cattle received 6 first premiums, 8 second premiums, 8 third 
premiums, 2 fourth premiums, 3 fifth premiums. Total, 27 premiums. 




DELAINE MERINO 
Blakelv & Co., Grinnell, Iowa. 



REPORT OP THE DEPARTMENT OF LIVE STOCK. 69 

Aberdeen Angus Cattle received 15 first premiums, 16 second premiums, 
13 third premiums, 7 fourth premiums, 4 fifth premiums. Total, 78 premiums. 

Holstein Friesian Cattle received 3 first premiums, 4 second premiums, 7 
third premiums, 2 fourth premiums, 2 fifth premiums. Total, 18 premiums. 

Red Polled Cattle received 2 first premiums, 3 second premiums, 5 third 
premiums, 2 fourth premiums, 1 fifth premium. Total, 13 premiums. 

Polled Durham Cattle received 2 second premiums, 3 third premiums, 1 
fifth premium. Total, 6 premiums. 

Fat Cattle and Steer Classes received 8 first premiums, 4 second prem- 
iums, 5 third premiums, 2 fourth premiums, 1 fifth premium. Total, 20 
premiums. 

In all, Iowa Cattle took 34 first premiums, 37 second premiums, 41 third 
premiums, 16 fourth premiums, 11 fifth premiums. Total, 139 premiums. 

Iowa Horses received 24 first premiums, 16 second premiums, 4 third prem- 
iums, 2 fourth premiums, 2 fifth premiums. Total, 48 premiums. 

Jacks and Jennets received 2 first premiums, 2 second premiums, 3 third 
premiums. Total, 7 premiums. 

Two Iowa Mules received 2 first premiums, 1 second premium. Total, 3 
premiums. 

IOWA SWINE. 

Poland China received 2 first premiums, 5 second premiums, 5 third 
premiums, 7 fourth premiums, 5 fifth premiums. Total, 24 premiums. 

Duroc Jersey received 3 first premiums, 8 second premiums, 2 third 
premiums, 5 fourth premiums, 7 fifth premiums. Total, 25 premiums. 

Chester White, one herd, received 8 first premiums, 5 second premiums, 5 
third premiums, 1 fourth premium. Total, 19 premiums. 

Berkshires, one herd, received 2 second premiums, 1 third premium, 6 
fourth premiums. Total, 9 premiums. 

Fat Stock Poland China received 1 first premium, 1 second premium. 
Total, 2 premiums. 

In all Iowa Swine received 14 first premiums, 21 second premiums, 13 
third premiums, 19 fourth premiums, 12 fifth premiums. Total, 79 premiums. 

SHEEP. 

Iowa Flocks took 3 second premiums, 12 third premiums, 9 fourth prem- 
iums, 5 fifth premiums. Total, 29 premiums. 

The Iowa Live Stock in all the classes shown as above took the follow- 
ing prizes: 74 first premiums, 80 second premiums, 72 third premiums, 46 
fourth premiums, 30 fifth premiums. Total, 302 premiums. 

Amount of total cash premiums, $3,106.00. In addition to the above cash 
prizes there were ribbons for 76 different av,-ards. 

The Executive Committee of the Icwa Commission voted to pay the 
freight and terminal charges in and oi t of the Exposition to all Live Stock 
Exhibitors from Iowa. 

In accordance therewith, the sums set opposite the following names were 
paid by the Secretary: 



70 



IOWA T-M AND I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 



XAME. 

John Henilerson 

Iowa Agricultural College 
(C. F. Curtis. Exhibitor) 

W. L. DeClow 

G. E.Ward 

E. Lefebure Sr 

Albert Harrah 

W.B.Barney 

J. H. VanBuren 

L. E. Williams 

A. J.Lytle 

Chas. Escher & Sons , 

Blakelv & Co 

A. J. Tittsvvorth 

Hoover & Harrison 

J. Evans Jr. & Sons 

S.A.Converse 

Ed. Wineland , 

G.F.Marshall .. 

J. R. Westrope , 

Wm. Roberts 

C.Gloe 

Harvey Johnson 

Richie Bros 

F. M. McDiarmid 

A.W. Albertson &Son... 

Ida H. Haworth 

W. A. McHenry 

A. C. Binnie 

Z.T.Kinsell 

Peter Hopley 

John Cresswell 

Chas. C. Norton 

James A. Loughridge 

J. M. Hughes 

Peter Mouw 



P. (). 



Panora 



Ames 

Cedar Rapids 
Hawarden . . . 

Fairfax 

Newton 

Hampton 

Quimby 

Glenwood — 
Oskaloosa . . . 

Botna 

Grinnell 

Avoca 

Oskaloosa — 

Emerson 

Cresco 

Avoca 

Monroe 

Harlan 

Baton 

Clinton 

Logan 

St. Charles.... 
Cumberland . . 

Inwood 

New Sharon . . 

Denison 

Alta 

Mount Ayr .. 

Lewis 

Bonaparte . . . 

Corning 

Sigourney 

Luray 

Orange City . . 



STOCK. 



Swine 



Swine and Cattle 

Jacks 

Cattle 

Horses 

Cattle 

Cattle 

Swine 

Cattle 

Swine 

Cattle 

Sheep 

Swine 

Swine 

Cattle 

Cattle 

Sheep 

Swine , 

Cattle 

Swine 

Swine 

Swine 

Swine 

Swine 

Swine 

Swine 

Cattle 

,Cattle 

Cattle 

Horses 

Cattle 

Cattle 

Swine 

Cattle 

Cattle 



AMOUNT. 



35 00 

118 34 
76 00 
54 74 
62 68 

48 50 
62 40 
14 60 

27 29 
47 00 

35 93 
39 80 

7 65 
39 98 
30 04 
64 93 

30 60 
46 40 

33 00 
43 61 

8 80 

34 02 
11 15 
37 90 
23 95 
43 00 

36 83 
45 94 
57 89 
50 84 
53 80 

31 99 

49 94 

28 08 
34 42 



8 1,467 04 



I desire, in conclusion, to extend my congratulations to the Exhibitors 
for the excellent showing made. In behalf of the Commission, I extend 
thanks for the credit done the State by their enterprise. 

S. B. PACKARD, Commissioner in Charge. 

Marshalltown, Iowa. 



REPORT OF THE 

Department of Agriculture, Dairy and Apiary. 

At the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition, Omaha, 
June to November, 1898. 



Report of the Department of Agriculture. 

To the President and Members of the Iowa Trans-Mississippi and Interna- 
tional Exposition Commission: 

In submitting this report I desire to state that at the second session of 
the Iowa Commission, held in Council Bluffs, July 1, 1897, the following resolu- 
tion was presented by Commissioner Packard: 

"Resolved, That for the purpose of securing the necessary grains, grasses, 
straw and other material from the growing crops when in proper condition 
for exhibition and for decorative purposes, also such fruits and other pro- 
ducts of the soil as may be obtained from the crop of 1897,to be used as part 
of the Iowa State Exhibit at the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposi- 
tion, to be held in Omaha in 1898, the secretary is hereby instructed to col- 
lect, prepare and preserve, at the expense of the Commission, the foregoing 
products at an expense not to exceed the sum of eight hundred dollars ($800), 
and this sum, or such part thereof as may be necessary, is hereby set apart 
for that purpose, and the president and secretary are hereby authorized 
to draw warrants upun the Treasurer of tlie Commission -for the same, upon 
proper vouchers." Resolution adopted. 

During the same session of the Commission, plans were discussed for 
making exhibits of the industries of Iowa in the various departments at 
the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition. It was hoped at that 
time that sufficient appropriation would be made by the Twenty-seventh 
General Assembly to enable the Commission to make a creditable exhibit of 
all the varied industries of our State, and departments were assigned to the 
different members of the Commission, and, on motion of Commission Cook, 
I was appointed as Commissioner to take charge of the Agricultural, Dairy 
and Apiary Departments. 

In order to secure the best results, I found it necessary to commence 
promptly the work of securing specimens from the growing crops, and im- 
mediately after the adjournment of the Commission, acting under the reso- 
lution above written, I secured the services of some well known experts in 
different parts of the state, giving them minute instructions as to the ma- 
terial desired for making a creditable exhibit, and for decorative purposes. 
I secr.'-ed cold storage for fruit and a suitable warehouse at Council 
Bluffs for* storing the material for the Agricultural Exhibit, and all grains, 
grasses and other material, whenever it was sufficiently cured, was properly 
boxed and sent to this warehouse for storage until it was needed the follow- 
ing spring. 

So far as the exhibit of agricultural and farm products was concerned, 
I deemed it best to make that exhibit as permanent as possible before the 
opening of the Exposition, not only In the interest of economy, but with two 
special objects in view: 




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REPORT OF AGRICULTrRE, DAIRY AND APIARY. 7: 

First — To install an artistic exhibit and make a pleasing decorative dis- 
play of natural products, making corn in all the many varieties and colors 
■s. leading feature, introducing grains, grasses, seeds, plants and herbs in the 
most attractive forms. 

Second — to show in the exhibit the best specimens not only of the pro- 
ducts of our soil, but the soil itself, knowing that an exhibit of this kind 
properly installed required but little replenishing during the entire term of 
the Exposition. 

At a subsequent session of the Commission and after an additional appro- 
.priation had been made by the General Assembly, it was decided by the 
Commission to make no exhibit in any of the departments of the Exposi- 
tion unless space should be granted free in the various exhibition buildings 
-for the purpose of installing the Iowa exhibits. Only a limited amount of 
free space w^as granted, and it was decided to allot that space in the Agri- 
cultural and Horticultural Buildings and make the best possible exhibits 
thereon. The sum of Ave thousand five hundred dollars ($5,500.00) was set 
apart to install and maintain an exhibit in the Agricultural Department, and 
Xi. G. Clute, of Greeley, Delaware County, Iowa, was nominated superintend- 
•ent, and his nomination confirmed by the Commission. 

Twelve hundred (1,200) square feet of space was secured in the center of 
the Agricultural building; the location was one of the most desirable and 
prominent in the building; drawing for platform and superstructures were 
made by Josselyn & Taylor Co., architects, contract for construction was 
let to P. H. Wind of Council Bluffs, and the Commission secured the services 
of the well known decorator, D. E. Milward, to do the decorative work and 
■assist in the installation of the exhibit. In addition to the decorative work, 
twenty-five hundred (2,500) inverted glass show bottles and tubes were filled 
Avith grain and seeds and helped to complete the installation of the most at- 
tractive exhibit in the entire building. 

As proof of the excellence of the work, the quality of the material and 
the artistic design, the state of Iowa was awarded a diploma and gold 
medal for its collective state exhibit. 

The flax industry of northern and western Iowa was represented by some 
xery fine samples of flax, flax seed and flax spinning fiber. These speci- 
mens were, at my request, secured by Hon. Jasper Thompson of Forest 
<:ity. 

A prominent feature of the Iowa Agricultural Exhibit was the samples of 
Iowa soil which w-as shown in glass cylinders six inches in diameter and six 
:feet in length. These samples were especially attractive and received fa- 
•A'orable comment. 

During the Exposition arrangement.-, were made with the officers of the 
Iowa State Agricultural College and Experiment Station to make a special 
•exhibit of farm products, and a location was assigned them on the space al- 
lotted to Iowa in the Agricultural Building, and a most creditable exhibit 
"\vas installed by Mr. James Atkinson, asistant in agriculture, under the di- 
rection of President Beardshear of the College and Director C. P. Curtis 
•Oi" the Experiment Station. After the installation of this exhibit was com- 
pleted, it became a part of our State Exhibit and was cared for by our su- 
perintendent in charge. 

During the months of August and September some very fine specimens 
of corn were placed on exhibition by Iowa farmers interested in the success 
•of our State Exhibit. Some of these spscimens, I feel sure, were the finest 
•ever produced, and I wish to extend my thanks to the parties contributing 
these specimens, and also the thanks of the Commission. I think every one 
•of these specimens entered in the competitive contest was awarded a dip- 
loma or medal. 

In this connection I desire to mention the eflkient and faithful services 
performed by L. G. Clute. superintendent, during the entire term 
■of the Exposition he was in charge, and with the exception of a few days 
during his illness he performed all the duties, and the Commission was at no 
expense for other assistants in that dejiartment. 



REPORT OF AGRICULTURE, DAIRY AND APIARY. 



75 



Perhaps the most notable feature in the State Agricultural Exhibit was 
the magnificent showing made of Iowa's principal product. I refer to the dis- 
play and quality of Indian Corn, of which we exhibited over one hundred 
varieties, and we can state, without fear of successful contradiction, that the 
corn exhibit not only equaled, but was superior to that of any other state. 




MowTlakeMa R LY Yellow Rose 



BY J. B. ARMSTRONG, Shenandoah, Iowa. 



The above cut shows fairly seven ears of Early Yellow Rose Corn that 
v.eighed 10 1-2 pounds and five ears of Snowflake White that weighed 8 1-2 
pounds. The cut is from a photo and shows truly what may be expected to 
grow from either variety with good ground, good work. 

J. B. ARMSTRONG, Shenandoah, Iowa. 




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REPORT OF AGRICULTURE, DAIRY AND APIARY. 7T 

AWARDS. 

State of Iowa, for Artistic Collective Exhibit of Agricultural Products, 
Gold Medal and Diploma. 

L. G. Clute, Greeley, grains, gold medal and diploma. 

L. G. Clute and Sons, Greeley, collection of corn, gold medal and diploma. 

J. B. Armstrong, Shenandoah, corn, gold medal and diploma. 

C. A. Clute, Greeley, grain, bronze medal and diploma. 

James Hethershaw, Des Moines, red corn, bronze medal and diploma.. 

Nims Bros., Emerson, yellow corn, bronze medal and diploma. 

Bingham and Son, Jesup, corn flour, bronze medal and diploma. 

J. W. Murphy, Glenwood, squaw corn, bronze medal and diploma. 

John Fishell, Greeley, white corn, bronze medal and diploma. 

Francis Duke, Peterson, yellow corn, bronze medal and diploma. 

John Crail, Greeley, yellow corn, bronze medal and diploma. 

"William Hoyt, Manchester, white rye, diploma for honorable mention. 

S. A. Thomas, Bingham, white corn, diploma for honorable mention. 

A. D. Plummer, Ivy, white oats, diploma for honorable mention. 

R. H. Bailey, Atlantic, white corn, diploma for honoi'able mention. 

J. M. Daniels, Algona, yellow corn, diploma for honorable mention. 

J. Li. Edwards, Glenwood, white corn, diploma for honorable mention. 

Fred Hethershaw, Des Moines, white oats, diploma for honorable men- 
tion. 

C. R. Taylor, Hamburg, white cor i, diploma for honorable mention. 

John Coyle, Greeley, white corn, diploma for honorable mention. 

C. Anderson, Farragut,, white cor.i, diploma for honorable mention. 




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REPORT OF AGRICU]^TLTRE, DAIRY AND APIARY. 7i 

DAIRY DEPARTMENT. 

It was the desire of youi" Commissioner in cliarge of the Dairy Depart- 
ment of the Iowa Exliibit, and of all the members of the Commission, to 
have Iowa malce a credital^le exhibit in this Department. The dairy indus- 
try has grown to be one of the most important and profitable industries of 
our great commonwealth. The product of our creameries sells on its merit 
everywhere, and the attention of the world has been drawn to our state on 
account of the exhibits that have been made at previous great expositions, 
and on account of the large number of premiums awarded to Iowa for the 
very high score that had been made at those expositions by the butter ex- 
hibited from the creameries and dairies of our state. The magnificent rec- 
ord made at the Worlds Columbian Exposition in Chicago in 1893, winning, 
as we did, one hundred and twenty awards on butter sent from creameries 
and dairies has added thousands if not millions of dollars to the wealth of 
our state. 

Our first visit to Omaha, in company with Chairman Packard of our Ex- 
ecutive Committee, and acting as sub-cnmmittee for securing free space for 
Iowa Exhibits, we had several interviews with the Commissioner in charge 
of the dairy department of the Exposition, also with the Board of Manage- 
ment, in order that we might, if possible, secure free space in the dairy 
building for an exhibit of butter from the Iowa creameries. We were unable 
to secure any space except upon payment in compliance with their rules. At 
the next session of the Executive Committe I brought the matter to their 
attention, and it was fully discussed, but as the rules for making exhibits in 
• that department had not yet been pu'jlished, no definite action was taken. 
At a late date, however, the rules were published, requiring every exhibi- 
tor to make five exhibits, one during each month of the Exposition. 

After sending copies of the rules to the leading creamery men of the state 
and to the dairy commissioner and president of the State Dairy Association, 
1 visited the commissioner, and it was his opinion, and his views were en- 
dorsed by many of the buttermakers of the State, that it would be unwise 
to try to exhibit under the rules, and be obliged to submit to five tests, as it 
must necessarily lower the record of the best buttermakers if they were 
obliged to make butter and ship it to the Exposition during the months of 
July and August. I at once corresponded with superintendents in charge of 
the Dairy Department of some other states that were interested, and all 
joined in asking the Board of Management to change their rules and have 
three tests instead of five, thereby materially reducing the expense to states 
and individuals and also giving opportunity to obtain a better record. These 
efforts, however, failed, and it was deemed best to give up that part of our 
State Exhibit, as we feared conditions would be such that Iowa would gain 
nothing under existing circumstances. 

Another difficulty was in the fact that refrigeration in the dairy build- 
ing was not perfect until the last of July or early in August. Later some 
changes were made in the rules by the manager of the dairy department, al- 
lowing each exhibit to be tested and award made for that exhibit without 
reference to the tests that might be made in any other month. We imme- 
diately corresponded with our creamery men, and many individual exhibits 
were made, and in almost every instance the score was equal to the best, 
and in one or two instances we scored higher on creamery butter than any 
other State. John M. Turnbull of Atlantic, having scored the highest num- 
ber of points in any one test, was awarded a gold medal. 

After the close of the Exposition, I received notice from the Department 
of Exhibits that a bronze medal had been awarded to Iowa for her State Ex- 
hibit in the daii-y department. I immediately replied that the State of Iowa 
through its Commission, had made no State Exhibit, and had not entered 
into competition with other States in that department during the Exposi- 
tion, and made a vigorous protest against having the matter published in 
their official report in that way, and stated that all the exhibits that had 



REPORT OF AGRICULTURE, DAIRY AND APIARY. 81 

been made in the dairy department from Iowa had been made by individ- 
uals or firms, and not in the name of the State of Iowa or of the Commission, 
and all awards had been made to them. I received reply, saying that their 
official record would be changed as requested. 

AWARDS. 

John Turnbull, Atlantic, making Highest Score on Five Butter Tests, 
Gold Medal and Diploma. 

Lewis Shack, Atlantic, over 97 Points, Silver Medal and Diploma. 

K. T. McColl, Creston, over 97 Points, Silver Medal and Diploma. 

H. O. Armstrong, Collins, above 97 Points. Silver Medal and Diploma. 

C. J. Julien, Algona, above 95 Points, Bronze Medal and Diploma. 

C. L. Scheiver, Ames, above 97 Points, Silver Medal and Diploma. 

T. P. Nielson, Brayton. above 95 Points, Bronze Medal and Diploma. 

W. W. Day, Tripoli, above 95 Points, Bronze Medal and Diploma. 

P. P. Stewart, Ames, above 95 Points, Bronze Medal and Diploma. 

M. F. Goodnow, Gray, above 95 Points, Bi-onze Medal and Diploma. 

H. L. Palmer, Manchester, above 95 Points, Bronze Medal and Diploma. 

A. Zimmerman, Ames, above 97 Points. Silver Medal and Diploma. 

H. J. Neitert, Walker, above 95 Points, Bronze Medal and Diploma. 

T. H. Baldwin, Elliott, above 95 Points, Bronze Medal and Diploma. 

William Mago, Ames, above 95 Points. Bronze Medal and Diploma. 

T. H. Bossnot, Dows, above 95 Points, Bronze Medal and Diploma. 

Tielman & Co., Missouri Valley, above 95 Points, Bronze Medal and 
Diploma. 

H. Frees, 0"Leary, above 95 Points, Bronze Medal and Diploma. 

William Gehrls, Germantown, above 95 Points, Bronze Medal and Di- 
ploma. 

J. H. Turnbull, Atlantic, above 95 Points, Bronze Medal and Diploma. 

O. B. Ross, Spencer, above 95 Points, Bronze Medal and Diploma. 

W. W. Micklewait, Glenwood, above 95 Points, Bronze Medal and Di- 
ploma. 

M. M. Tapager, Thompson, above 95 Points. Bronze Medal and Diploma. 

Harvey Johnson, Logan, above 97 Points, Silver Medal and Diploma. 

F. C. Oltrogge, Tripoli, above 95 Points, Bronze Medal and Diploma. 

F. Wills, Tripoli, above 95 Points, Bronze Medal and Diploma. 

C. L. Christensen, Cuiiew, above 95 Points, Bronze Medal and Diploma. 

F. J. Kleekner, Greeley, above 95 Points, Bronze Medal and Diploma. 

NOTE — A very sad event occurred during the Dairy Convention held 
at the Exposition in October. State Dairy Commissioner Gates died very 
suddenly while delivering an address before the assembled dairymen of the 
west. 

APIARY DEPARTMENT. 

A large and commodious building was erected on the northwest part of 
the Exposition Grounds for the installation of exhibits in the Apiary De- 
partment. Here was ample room for the largest exhibits that could possibly 
have been made by the States interested in an Exhibit of Comb and Ex- 
tracted Honey, Bees and Apiary Implements, Appliances and Machinery. 

We secured space and glass cases and installed a very fine exhibit of 
both comb and extracted honey, and showed not only the crop of 189S, but 
also several hundred pounds of very fine comb honey, perfectly preserved, 
from the crop of 1897. This was secured during the summer of 1897, when 
we were engaged in gathering material for exhibit in the Agricultural and 
Horticultural Departments. The exhibit from the crop of 1898 was largely 
made up from the Apiary of L. G. Clute. of Delaware County, and was 
furnished at his own expense with the exception of transportation and 
local charges. 



82 IOWA T-M AND I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

Mr. E. Kretchmer of Red Oak also made a very large exhibit of Apiary 
implements and appliances. This exhibit, he maintained during the entire 
Exposition. 

I am glad to be able to furnish the very high score made by the Iowa 
honey on exhibition as reported by Hon. Eugene Secor, Judge. 

The following entries were made by L. G. Clute. To illustrate, I give 
one score in full (a score of one hundred points was perfect). Comb 
Honey; variety, White Clover; Score, as follows: 

Points. 

Flavor 50 

Cleanliness 10 

Capping 20 

Color of Honey 10 

General Appearance 10 

lotal score 100 

Total 
Score. 

Comb Honey, Alsike Clover 100 

Comb Honey, Heartsease 90 

Comb Honey, Linden 90 

Comb Honey, Dandelion 100 

Extracted Honey, White Clover 100 

Extracted Honey, Bass- Wood 100 

It would seem impossible for any exhibit to beat that record. 

The following is a list of Awards in Apiary Department: 

A^VARDS. 

L. G. Clute, Greeley, White Clover Comb Honey, Silver Medal and Di- 
ploma. 

L. G. Clute, Greeley, White Clover Extracted Honey, Silver Medal and 
Diploma. 

L. G. Clute. Greeley, Linden Comb Honey, Silver Medal and Diploma. 

L. G. Clute, Greeley, Linden Extracted Honey, Bronze Medal and Di- 
ploma. 

L. G. Clute, Greeley, Heart's Ease Comb Honey, Bronze Medal and 
Diploma. 

L. G. Clute, Greeley, Alsike Clover Comb Honey, Bronze Medal and 
Diploma. 

L. G. Clute, Greeley, Dandelion Comb Honey, Diploma for Honorable 
Mention. 

E. Kretchmer, Red Oak, Iowa. Manufactui-er of up-to-date bee hives, 
honey vessels, and implements and appliances used by bee keepers, was 
awarded the following prizes: 

E. Kretchmer, Red Oak, Best and Most Attractive Collection of Mod- 
ern Bee Hives, Gold Medal and Diploma. 

E. Kretchmei', Red Oak, Apiarian Supplies and Implements, Gold Medal 
and Diploma. 

E. Kretchmer, Red Oak, Best Wood and Galvanized Steel Tanks, Gold 
Medal and Diploma. 

E. Kretchmer, Red Oak, Linden Comb Honey, Silver Medal and Diploma. 

E. Kretchmer, Red Oak, Alfalfa Comb Honey, Silver Medal and Di- 
ploma. 

E. Kretchmer, Red Oak, White Clover Comb Honey. Silver Medal and 
Diploma. 

E. Kretchmer, Red Oak, Unrefined Bees-wax, silver Medal and Di- 
ploma. 

E. Kretchmer, Red Oak, White Clover Extracted Honey, Silver Medal 
and Diploma. 



REPORT OF AGRICULTURE, DAIRY AND APIARY. 83 

E. Kretchmer, Red Oak, Alfalfa Extracted Honey, Bronze Medal and 
Diploma. 

E. Kretchmer, Red Oak, Bees and Queens in cages. Diploma for Hon- 
orable Mention. 

E. Kretchmer, Red Oak, Bee Books and Bee Literature, Diploma for 
Honorable Mention. 

E. Kretchmer, Red Oak, Exhibit of Educational Value, Showing Honey- 
in all stages of Crystalization, Diploma for Honorable Mention. 

Respectfully Submitted, 

F. N. CHASE, 

Commissioner in Charge. 




OWEN LOVEJOY, 
Member of Auditing Committee. 




KOBF.KT H. .MOORE. 

Member nt Kxcoutive Coniiiiittee. 




Z) 



as 






Report ol the Department ol ttorticulture. 

S. H, MALLORY. 

Coiuiaisjicner in Charge. 



To the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition Commission:— 

Having been placed in charge of the Horticultural Department of the 
Iowa Exihibit, I beg to present the following report: 

At the second session of the Iowa Commission held at Council Bluffs, 
June 29-30, July 1st, 1897, for the better performance of its duties, and 
anticipating an additional appropriation sufficient to make a creditable ex- 
hibit of all the varied industries of Iowa, the work was divided into de- 
partments and a member of the Commission was assigned to take charge 
of each. At this session I was, by vote of the Commission, placed in 
charge of this department. 

At a subsequent session, when it was known that the limited amount ap- 
propriated would not admit of expenditures for an exhibit in all depart- 
ments it was decided to make exhibit only where free space was granted, 
namely: in the Agricultural and Horticultural Exposition Buildings, and 
revised schedule of estimates was prepared by a sub-committee of the 
Executive Committee, setting apart the sum of $1,500.00 for an exhibit of 
Iowa Horticulture, it being understood and expected that this amount 
would be supplemented by financial aid and co-operation from the State 
Horticultural Society. 

Hon. A. F. Collman, of Corning, was named as Superintendent, believ- 
ing that his appointment would be satisfactory to the State Horticultural 
Society as well as to the Iowa Commission. His appointment was con- 
firmed by the Commission. 

SPACE. 

Twelve hundred (1,200) square feet of space was secured in the center of 
the Horticultural Building. This was considered one of the best loca- 
tions in the building. 

INSTALLATION. 

Plans for suitable structures for this space and for an artistic installa- 
tion were submitted by D. E. Mil ward and were approved by Superintend- 
ent Taylor, in charge of the Horticultural Building. Contract was en- 
tered into with Mr. Mil ward for erecting the superstructures and decorat- 
ing the space, with a view of making the installation as artistic as pos- 
sible and to harmonize with the floral and pomological exhibits to be 
shown thereon. 

EXHIBIT. 

Contract was also made with J. F. Wilcox. Florist, of Council Bluffs, 
Iowa to install on one of the pagodas a floral exhibit and maintain the 
same during the Exposition. This he did with credit to himself and the 
State. 



88 IOWA T-M. AND I. AND EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

Superintendent Collman secured from the crop of 1897 a large quantity 
and quite a number of varieties of apples, which were placed in cold stor- 
age until the opening of the Exposition, when they were placed on exhibi- 
tion, and in addition thereto a large assortment of small fruits in their sea- 
son were received almost daily, filling over one thousand plates, and keep- 
ing up a fairly creditable exhibit during the summer months. Possibly, 
the showing was not what it might have been, but the season of 1898 was 
very disastrous to fruit, especially the apple crop, and the total failure of 
this crop in some sections of the State and pai-tial failure in other parts 
necessarily crippled the exhibit to some extent. 

In September, Superintendent ColPman resigned and the Commission ap- 
pointed Mr. J. W. Murphy of Glenwood as his successor. He remained in 
charge until the close of the Exposition. Mr. Murphy being from Mills 
County, which is doubtless the banner apple County in the State, his 
friends took special interest and contributed largely to the exhibit dur- 
ing September and October, thus enabling the Commission to make a very 
creditable showing of the fall and winter varieties of apples. Many very 
fine specimens were shown from nearly every section of the States during 
the months above named. 

The display of grapes was undoubtedly the best ever shown by Iowa. 

In addition to the exhibit made by the Iowa Commission in this depart- 
ment in competition with other states, the citizens of Council Bluffs and 
Pottawattamie County made an exhibit of grapes and small fruits in the 
Wigwam that was erected by the Exposition Association of Council Bluffs 
which attracted the attention of many thousands of visitors. 

No funds were received from the State Horticultural Society or other 
organizations, and the sum of fifteen hundred dollars previously set apart 
by the Commission was not sufficient to maintain the exhibit during the en- 
tire term of the Exposition, the total expenses for this department being 
about $2,300.00 as shown by the financial statement and report of the 
Auditing Committee. The deficit was supplied from the funds set apart 
for the Agricultural Department. 

AW^AKDS. 

That the Jury of Awards found much in the Iowa display of real merit 
is shown by the following list of Medals and Diplomas awarded to the 
State of Iowa and to Iowa exhibitors: 

State of Iowa, for Artistic Installation and Collective Exhibit, Diploma 
and Gold Medal. 

Mills County Horticultural Society, Display Fruits, Diploma and Gold 
Medal. 

D. L. and A. Heinsheimer, Glenwood, Peaches, Diploma and Bronze 
Medal. 

Mrs. Maggie Buckingham, Glenwood, Apples, Diploma and Bronze 
Medal. 

R. P. Speer, Cedar Falls. 10 Varieties Apples, Diploma for Honorable 
Mention. 

J. P. Jackson, Glenwood, Peaches, Apples and Small Fruits, Fifteen 
Varieties, Diploma and Bronze Medal. 

H. A. Terry, Crescent City. Apples, Plums, and Small Fruits, Twelve 
Varieties, Diploma and Bronze Medal. 

J. R. Rice, Council Bluffs. Forty Varieties Plums and Cherries, Diploma 
and Silver Medal. 

A. F. Collman, Corning. Forty-six Varieties Apples, Diploma and Silver 
Medal. 

P. H. Hess. Council Bluffs, Iwenty Varieties Grapes, Currants and 
Gooseberries. Diploma and Bronze Medal. 

J. D. Budd, Ames, Forty Varieties Russian Cherries, Diploma and Silver 
Medal. 



REPORT OF THE' DEPARTMENT OF HORTICULTURE. 89 

Pottawattamie County, a Fine Collection of Grapes, Twenty-three Va- 
rieties, Diploma and Bronze Medal. 

Frank Bruning, Kent, Peaches and Pears, Diploma for Honorable 
Mention. 

M. J. Graham, Adel, Fifteen Varieties Pears and Peaches, Diploma and 

Bronze Medal. 

W. C. Hoverland, Ft. Dodge, Twenty-nine Varieties Russian Apples, 

Diploma and Bronze Medal. 

Eugene Secor, Forest City, Apples, Diploma for Honorable Mention. 

M. J. Wragg, Waukon, Plums and Apples, Diploma and Bronze 
Medal. 

B. Stewart, Ivy, Apples, Pears and Peaches, Diploma and Bronze 

Medal. 

E. V. Wright, Hamburg, Apples, Plums and Pears, Diploma and Bronze 

Medal. 

Silas Wilson, Atlantic, Grapes, Diploma for Honorable Mention. 

F. S. White, Des Moines, Apples, Diploma for Honorable Mention. 

J. F. Wilcox, Council Bluffs, Fine Display of Plants and Flowers, Two 
Hundred Varieties, Diploma and Gold Medal. 

W. F. Laraway, Glenwood, Pears, Diploma and Bronze Medal. 
W. M. Van Orsdel, Hillsdale, Grapes, Diploma and Bronze Medal. 

E. Starbuck, Glenwood, Variety of Apples, Diploma and Bronze Medal. 
A Record, Glenwood, Pippin Apples, Diploma and Bronze Medal. 

J. E. Record, Glenwood, Stark Apples, Diploma and Bronze Medal. 

J. M. Rambaugh, Glenwood, Duchess Apples, Diploma and Bronze 
Medal. 

Alvin Peterson, Glenwood, Variety Apples, Diploma and Bronze Medal. 

W. F. Pflander, Clarinda. Variety Peaches, Dip'.oma and Bronze Medal. 

J. F. Nichols. Glenwood, Watermelons, Diploma and Bronze Medal. 

J. W. Murphy, Glenwood, Variety Apples, Diploma and Bronze Medal. 

T. A. Sloan, Sioux City, Apples, DiPloma and Bronze Medal. 

J. F. Lewis, Glenwood. Apples, Diploma and Bronze Medal. 

M. J. Williams, Glenwood, Variety Apples, Diploma and Bronze Medal. 

Ted Sivers, Glenwood, Variety ApPles. Diploma and Bronze Medal. 

T. F. Smouse, Glenwood, Variety APPles, Diploma and Bronze Medal. 

W. J. Howard, Glenwood. Apples, Diploma and Bronze Medal. 

L. C. Chew. Glenwood, Mother Apples, Diploma and Bronze Medal. 

John T. Stone, Glenwood, seven Varieties Apples, Diploma and Bronze 
Medal. 

T. E. Carson. Clarinda, Apples, DiPloma and Bronze Medal. 

Dr. C. H. DeWitt, Glenwood, Variety Apples, Diploma for Honorable 
Mention. 

James Calleen, Glenwood, Pears, Diploma for Honorable Mention. 

Henry Everham, Glenwood, Apples, Diploma for Honorable Mention. 

J. H. Mayberry. Glenwood. Apples. Diploma for Honorable Mention. 

F. M. Powell, Glenwood, Apples, DiPloma for Honorable Mention. 

J. M. Warren, Glenwood, Variety Apples, Diploma for Honorable Men- 
tion. 

M. E. Hinkley, Marcus, Variety Apples, Diploma for Honorable Mention. 
Samuel Holmes, Hamburg. Variety Apples, Diploma for Honorable Men- 
tion. 

In closing, I wish to thank each and all who kindly contributed from 
theirdrchards and vineyards samples for the Iowa Horticultural Exhibit. 

Respectfully Submitted. 

S. H. MALLORY, 
Commissioner in Charge. 




J. h. t. MAKKLK^, 
Chairman of Committee on Ceremonies. 



Report ol (Oiimiittee on (eremonics 

By J. E. E. MARXL,£,Y, Chairman. 



To the Iowa Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition Commission: 

Your Committee have the honor to report as follows: 

The Iowa Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition Commission in 
session at Des Moines, April 5, 1S98, adopted the following: 

"On motion, Commissioners Packard and Markley were appointed to act 
in conjunction with the Secretary in pieparing a program for the dedica- 
tion of the Iowa Building." 

The following motion was also adopted: 

"That Commissioner Packard be appointed a committee of one to cor- 
respond with Hon. R. G. Cousins with reference to delivering the oration at 
the Exposition on Iowa State Day." 

At the fifth session of the Iowa Trans-Mississippi and International En- 
position Commission, held in Council Eluffs, May 30, the following motion 
was adopted: 

"That Commissioners Markley and Packard and Secretary Chase be ap- 
pointed a Committee to select a band for Iowa Dedication Day, and that 

they be continued as a Permanent Committee on Ceremonies, with full 

power to act." 

The more important duties to be performed by your Committee were to 
make arrangements for appropriate ceremonies for the Dedication of the 
Iowa State Building, and to plan and carry out a program for the cele- 
bration of Iowa State Day. 

The date for the Dedicatory Ceremonies could not then be fixed, as it 
was not known when the Building would be completed. 

The date for the celebration of Iowa State Day had been arranged by a 
Sub-Committeee composed of Chairman Packard and Secretary Chase, who, 
in conference with President Wattles, of the Exposition Board, set aside 
September 20 and 21 as Iowa State Days. When the time came to make the 
arrangements, your Committee decided to have but one day's celebration, 
and fixed the date as September 21, and so reported to the Executive Com- 
mittee. There were a number of requests to have the date changed, and 
efforts were made by your Committee to secure some other date, but with- 
out success. 

Your Committee had several meetings for conference, and selected June 
2.3 as the day for dedicating and formally opening the Iowa Building, and 
September 21 for Iowa Day. This action was approved by the Executive 
Committee. Chairman Markley secured music for Dedication Day, and it 
was arranged to meet Governor Shaw and the State officers, the President 
and other officers of the Exposition at the Murray Hotel. The procession 
was formed at 1:00 p. m. and proceeded to the Iowa State Building, where 
the following program was successfully carried out: 



92 IOWA T-M. AND I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

PROGRAM. 



DEDICATION CEREMONIES AT THE lOAVA STATE BUILDING 
ON THURSDAY, JUNE 23, 1898, AT 1:30 P. M. 



1 — Overture, Atlantic City Band. 

2 — Invocation, Rev. L. P. McDonald, Rector St. Paul's Church, Council 
BlufCs. 

3 — Music, Quartette. 

4 — Chorus, Prof. Pontius, Dubuque Oratorio Society of 100 Voices. 

5 — Presentation, Hon. S. H. Mallory, President Iowa Trans-Mississippi 
and International Commission. 

6 — Dedication, Governor Leslie M. Shaw. 

7 — Acceptance, Hon. Gurdon W. Wattles, President Trans-Mississippi 
and International Exposition. 

8 — Music, Medley, Band. 

9 — Exposition Ode, Major S. H. M. Byers. 

10— Quartette and Chorus, Song- of Iowa. 

11 — Address, Hon. John N. Baldwin. 

12 — Chorus, Dubuque Oratorio Society. 

13 — Benediction. ■ 

14 — Music, National Airs, Atlantic City Band. 

President Mallory being called home suddenly, Vice-President Dawson 
not being present,. Ex-Governor S. B. Packard Chairman of the Executive 
Committee, was appointed to act as Master of Ceremonies, and to take th« 
place of President Mallory on the program. 

ADDRESS OF PRESIDENT MALLORY. 

Read by Chairman Packard. 

DEDICATION lOAVA BUILDING JUNE 23, 1898. 

TOUR EXCELLENCY: ' 

Looking through the vista of the ages past, one fails to see any such 
gathering of the people as we witness here at this grand Exposition 
today. Instead, we see the people meeting in vast concourse to rejoice with 
and crown the returning victorious general, whose armies have spread 
death and devastation amongst their enemies; the trophies exhibited to the 
admiring crowd are not such exhibits as we have before us today, but men 
of note, princes and generals, led as captives in the triumphal procession 
and forced to do homage to the victorious leader. The righteousness of the 
cause that had triumphed they did not proclaim; only the number and rank 
of the captives, the value of the plunder, the number of the enemy slain, 
and the devastation wrought; and these were amply sufficient to cause their 
rejoicing. 

As the years roll on, we see that the arts of peace become of more im- 
portance to the people, if not to their rulers, than the arts of war, and men 
strive to subjugate the forces of nature, rather than subjugate their fel- 
low men, and so civilization advances. . 

That man has not degenerated in his physical powers by the growth and 
enlargement of his moral faculties and perception, or become enervated by 
the luxuries obtained and enjoyed through victories of the brain, or lost 
his manhood and courage in his greed and struggle for the possession of 
wealth, that he might obtain these enjoyments, is made patent to all the 
world today by the glorious uprising of the people of this our land to re- 
lieve the distressed and succor the oppressed of downtrodden Cuba, strug- 
gling for freedom; not merely with words of encouragement, but with he- 
roic deeds that speak far louder than words — and Dewey, Sampson, Powell, 



REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON CEREMONIES. 



93 



and Hobson with his immortal crew of seven, are types of manhood under 
the civilization and liberty enjoyed by us who live under the folds of these 
glorious Stars and Stripes. 

The alchemist of old searching after the philosopher's stone secreted 
himself in the dark recesses of some gloomy cavern, far away from the 
eyes of man, that his researches might not be made known. The first na- 
tional industrial exhibition of which we have any record, held in England 
by and under the auspices of the Society of Arts in the year 1761, offered 
valuable prizes as an inducement for the display of miscellaneous and agri- 
cultural machinery. So jealous then were the inventors and patentees of 
their invention and improvements that none would make an exhibit unless 
special guards were employed and placed around their exhibits, whose duty 
it should be to keep all foreigners at a distance and prevent any one from 
making drawings of their machinery, for in those days the leading nations 
of Europe— England, Germany, Holland and France— had their secret agents, 
scientists, scholars and artizans, employes of their respective governments 




IOWA SlAl K BL'ILDIN'G. 



who traveled in disguise through foreign countries endeavoring to pry out 
the secrets held by the industrial classes of other nations and communicate 
them to their home government. Hard, indeed, oftimes was the task of 
these secret agents, with such jealous care were these secrets hidden. France 
for centuries defied their efforts to discover certain industrial secrets she 
held, and they were only finally made known to other nations through the 
emigration of the Hugenots, who carried the secrets with them. 

Unlike these, we today in the broad glare of the noonday sun display 
before the world at large the results of our improvements and the advance- 
ments made in Arts, Science, Mechanics, Manufacture and Agriculture, all 
that conduces to our welfare, comfort and prosperity that all men may be 
benefitted through the results obtained by us. 

Had we been permitted to view the display at the first national exposi- 
tion in London in 1761 and compare it with the display here in Omaha today, 
we no doubt would have pronounced it exceedingly limited, meager and 
crude, and seeing the guards at their posts watching for foreigners and 



94 IOWA T-M. AND I. EX POSITION COMMISSION. 

strangei's would have deemed it very exclusive, and yet it was the com- • 
mencement of a movement to foster taste for invention and mechanics, which 
improvement soon spread throughout continental Europe. In the year 1798, 
soon after the revolution by which Napoleon was made Emperor, a national 
exposition was held in Paris. The grand results arising from this first 
French Exposition were so marked in the advancement of mechanics and art 
that through the urgency of Napoleon, who was quick to see their import- 
ance and value, frequent displays of like character followed in all 
parts of the Empire, and Tallyrand declared that in their en- 
couragement lay the hidden and future glory of the French people. The 
advanced position France took as a nation in Art, Manufact- 
ures and Commerce in the years following these expositions proved the 
truth of his prophecy. These freciuent expositions served as schools in which 
the people received their education and acquii-ed that taste for the arts 
which has since made France so famous. 

The evolution of national expositions in the United States was first the 
town hall, the county fair, two or more counties uniting, the state fair, 
and the group of states uniting. With such favor have they been received 
that each year we have one or more national expositions. Iowa, the beau- 
tiful land, the garden of agriculture, with its fifty-five thousand square 
miles of rich, fertile, tillable land, traversed with clear running streams, a 
veritable paradise, was, less than one hundred years ago, untrodden by the 
foot of the white man, its ownership resting in Spain, its beauties unknown 
its boundaries not established until 1S20. Born into the family of states less 
than fifty-two years ago, or about thirteen years after the first cabin was 
built by a white man in its borders, Iowa now has its whole area dotted 
with Colleges. Academies, Schools and Churches; a population of over two 
million, and is bound together by 8,500 miles of steel, its railroads touch- 
ing the capital of every county in its domain but one, and serving, with the 
wide rivers on its eastern and western borders, to carry its vast productions 
to the markets of the world. 

IOWA, with a soil producing all standard grains, grasses, vegetables, 
and fruits in abundance, is an agricultural state, standing first in the union 
of states with its crop of corn, and fourth in the production of all agricul- 
tural products, yet with her inexhaustible deposits of coal, her metallic ores 
of lead, zinc and iron, she offei's large opportunities and possibilities for 
prominence as a manufacturing State— thus Iowa comes in company with 
her sister states, not with a spirit of envy, but of friendly emulation, with 
her quota of exhibits. Her people, by and through Legislative enactment, 
appropriated the sum of $35,000.00 to aid in furnishing an exhibit of her va- 
ried industries and resources, worthy of the State at this Trans-Mississippi 
Exposition, and this Building erected under the supervision of the Commis- 
sion appointed by the Governor of the State in furtherance of the object 
sought by the people of the State, I, as Chairman of the Commission, now 
tender to you Governor Shaw, that you may dedicate it to the use and pur- 
pose for which it was designed. 

The contract for the construction of this beautiful home of the people 
of Iowa and their neighbors and friends of sister States, was awarded to 
Mr. P. H. Wind, of Council Bluffs, for the sum of $7,795.00, sixty-three days 
ago. A few years since, six months would have been considered a short 
time to erect such a structure. Mr. Wind is entitled to great credit for the 
energy displayed in rushing the work to completion in spite of the elements. 

The plans for the building were prepared by the Josselyn & Taylor Co., 
of Cedar Rapids. 

The Commission desire to express their many obligations to President 
Wattles for the many courtesies shown them and assistance rendered in 
prosecution of their work. President Wattles and his able corps of assist- 
ants are entitled to great praise for the conception, planning and con- 
;struction of this beautiful city, and wc predict it will be the most success- 
ful Exposition yet held. 



REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON CEREMONIES. 95 

CHAIRMAN PACKARD THEN SPOKE AS FOLLOVi/"S:— 

As Chairman of, and in Ijehalf of the Committee that has had charge 
-of the erection of the Building, the preparation and installation of the Ex- 
hibits which may be seen in the Agricultural and Horticultural Buildings, 
it becomes the duty, and it is a pleasure, to record the distinguished and 
loyal service which has been rendered to the people of the State by those 
to whom this special work has been entrusted. The di-awings of our Ex- 
hibits in the Agricultural and Horticultural Buildings w-ere made by D. E. 
Milward, formerly residing at Sioux City. Detailed plans and specifications 
of the structure in the Agricultural Building were prepared by our archi- 
tects, and the structure was put in plar-e by our builder, Mr. P. H. Wind, 
of Council Bluffs. Upon this structure Mr. Milward has w'orked out, in 
natural product decorations, an Exhibit of our farm products, which we now 
offer in competition with the other States. 

While admiring the picture which Mr. Milward has so well executed in 
that display, the visitor must not overlook the excellence of the grains, 
grasses and other products which have thus been put on exhibition, but 
should minutely examine the specimens that have been selected by some of 
our best farmers, and it will not be invidious to name in this connection 
Mr. L. G. Clute, of Delaware County, to whom the Committee feels indebted 
for his services, both in the selection and the arrangement of the mater- 
ials, and the assistance which he has given Mr. Milward in placing the 
specimens on exhibition. Mr. Milward was also given the contract to deco- 
rate the walls and ceilings of our State Building, and provide a structure 
for and to decorate our space in the Horticultural Building. The display of 
Orchard and Garden Fruits has been put in place under the immediate su- 
perintendence of Mr. A. F. Collman, wth an able corps of assistants. 

It has taken but a little over two months to install the Agricultural 
and Horticultural Exhibits. 

All the members of the Iowa Commission, in this public way, wish to 
express to our Superintendent and Secretary, F. N. Chase, their entire con- 
fidence in his judgment, their admiration for the judicious care with which 
lie has superintended the work entrusted to the Commission by the Legisla- 
ture of our State. The oversight of the execution of the builders contract 
for this Building and the structure in the Agricultural Building, also the in- 
stallation of the two exhibits before mentioned, and all the minute details 
involved in the economical expenditure of this money has taxed the strength . 
but never the genial nature of our dear friend, whom it gives us pleasure 
to cordially thank for his great success in bringing to completion, in so 
Tarief a time, this important public enterprise. 

To Mr. Wilcox, the florist of Council Bluffs, who produced the cornucopra, 
this floral horn of plenty, which is at our door, and a display of the flor- 
ists art that may be seen on the Iowa space in the Horticultural Building, 
we commend, though not as effectually in words as his own work would 
serve to do. 

To the staff of Secretary Chase, we express our pleasurable anticipation 
of their loyal service in making the Iowa Building a home indeed to our 
people as well as those visitors whom we expect to see resting in and about 
the portals of our Building. 

To the Governor and his associates of the Executive Council, who are 
"by law required to, and have advised and approved the plans of the Com- 
mission and the expenditure i-esulting, in thus bringing to the Exposition 
this testimonial of the love our State bears to her sister State of Nebraska, 
where so many of our former citizens have found a home, the Commission de- 
sires to tender their thanks for the confidence which you have given us. 
Every voucher of expenditure which we send for your approval is laden with 
■our reciprocal confidence and esteem. 

To President Wattles and the others associated with him in the manage- 
-ment of the Exposition, the Commission tender their thanks. We shall aid 
in promoting the music "now so dear to your hearts— the click of the turn- 
stile. Iowa will pour her thousands through your gates and they will en- 



96 IOWA T-M. AND I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

joj- a study of the great problem you have prepared for them, this Exhibi- 
tion of the boundless resources of the West. 

It only remains for me to now tender to you, Governor Shaw, in the 
name of the Commission, this Building for dedication. 

DEDICATED BY HON. LESLIE M. SHAAV, GOVERNOR. 

Governor Shaw accepted the Building in the name of the State and 
turned it over to the Exposition in the following brief address: 

"The State of Iowa, through its representative, accepts at the hands of 
the Iowa Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition Commission this 
Building designed by its direction and erected under its supervision. It may 
not be inappropriate to tarry in this presence to make public acknowledg- 
ment of the faithful and expeditious services thus far rendered by the mem- 
bers of this Commission; services sure to be appreciated by those at whose 
behest they were performed. And now as the representative of the people 
of the State of Iowa, I hereby dedicate this edifice to the purposes for 
which it was designed, and commit the same to the care, custody and use 
of the* President and Management of the Trans-Mississippi and Interna- 
tional Exposition in the hope that it may add somewhat to the interest 
and comfort of those who may visit these spacious grounds and enjoy the 
trophies of State and national prosperity and greatness." 

ACCEPTANCE BY HON. CURDON W. WATTLES, PRESIDENT TRANS 
MISSISSIPPI AND INTERNATIONAL EXPOSITION. 

President Wattles responded on behalf of the Exposition Management. 
He spoke as follows: 

"During the last ten days it has been my official duty and pleasui'e to 
speak of the resources, progress and splendid achievements of a number of 
Western States at the dedicatory exercises of the buildings they have 
erected on these grounds. I may be pardoned for the sentiments of pride 
and gratification I feel today and for the expression of these sentiments 
in the few words I shall say regarding the State in which twenty-five years 
of my life wei'e spent, and in the acknowledgment I desire to make of the 
assistance of this State to the great enterprise I have the honor to repre- 
sent. During the early history of this Exposition, when doubt still lingered 
in the minds of many as to its advantages and possibilities, and while the 
dark clouds of financial embarrassment and the devastating effects of drouth 
still hung over the West, casting their gloom over all new enterprises, and 
for the time obscuring the sunlight of hope and prosperity, at this time when 
many of our own citizens discouraged and disheartened, were ready to 
abandon this enterprise, when our nation was borrowing gold from Europe 
to protect its credit and when the evil influences of inflation and specula- 
tion had destroyed for the time the financial reputation of the West, then 
it was that the Legislature of the great State of Iowa, the first of all the 
Trans-Mississippi States to act, by joint resolution asked the Congress of 
the United States to recognize this Exposition and make an appropriation 
for a Government Building and an exhibit here. To this act of the Gen- 
eral Assembly of Iowa, supplemented by the efficient work of your Repre- 
sentatives and Senators in Congress, must be given the credit of having ex- 
tended this Exposition a helping hand in its greatest need. 

"The Commission appointed to represent the State of Iowa here has done 
its work with credit to itself and the State. This magnificent Building with 
its broad verandas, artistic design and complete appointments, speaks 
louder than words in praise of their work. It will furnish a home for the 
weary, a meeting place for friends, and will return to the State a thous- 
and fold its cost in promoting the interests of the State and advertising the 
enterprise and hospitality of its people throughout the land. I commend 
its design, the completeness of its appointments, the wisdom of its concep- 
tion, and for the Management of this Exposition I accept and dedicate 
It to the purposes for which it has bee n erected." 



REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON CEREMONIES.. 97 

"We naturally expect from such a State eloquence like that of Cousins 
and Dolliver, statesmanship like that of Allison and Gear, philanthropy like 
that of Drake, leadership like that of the Clarksons, and executive ability 
like that of Kirkwood, Boies and Shaw; and while in the history of the 
State of Iowa there are no Lincolns, Grants or Shermans, its history is re- 
plete with the names of many whose wisdom and statesmanship in times of 
peace, and courage and leadership in times of war, have re-ndered to the na- 
tion services invaluable. During the late Rebellion her soldiers were distin- 
guished for their bravery and endurance. These men were gathered from the 
farms of this then pioneer State, and they were endowed with the splendid 
physique and the intelligence and morality which pioneer life in the broad 
prairies of the West inspires. Their bravery in battle, their endurance and 
the ability of their leaders was second to that of no other Northern State. 
And so we are not surprised when we read that among the gallant crew 
that w-ent down with the battleship, the Maine, the names of several men 
from Iowa are found; nor are we surprised that when from 4,000 brave sol- 
diers a crew was selected to man a ship which was to sail into the harbor 
of Santiago, to face the fire of Spanish guns and meet almost certain 
death, one of Iowa's sons was chosen. 

"It might be said that a State with such magnificent resources, with 
such a history and with such a people, there would be no need to adver- 
tise to the world at an Exposition of this character; but when we consider 
that with the same density of population as the State of Massachusetts, 
Iowa can provide homes for 15,000,000 inhabitants and when we consider that 
but a small percentage of the manufactures consumed in the State are 
manufactured there, that with the increase of wealth and population, a 
higher civilization than has ever been known in the world will come from 
the environments of citizenship under the advantages which already exist 
within this State, we can realize the importance and necessity of promoting 
and developing these resources to the fullest extent." 

After a selection by the chorus, Major S. H. M. Byers read an Exposi- 
tion Ode, composed by himself, for the occasion. 

EXPOSITION ODE, 

Welcome, welcome — welcome, welcome! 

Loud the pealing cannon said. 
All the bells rang happy joyance. 

Waved the banners overhead. 
Welcome to the land of prairie^ 

Land of many lands the best. 
Half-way house 'twixt lake and ocean. 

Gateway of the golden west. 

Look I The arts of forge and forest, 

Web of loom, and work of mill. 
Battles here of arts and science. 

Tournaments of toil and skill. 
Look around you, tower and palace, 

"Works of hand, and fruits of earth; 
But beyond them, still more glorious, 

See the land that gave them birth. 

See the land the poets tell of. 

Land of glories yet to be, 
Not the tombstone of dead ages, 

Coffined many a century; 
But the world's new youth and spring- 
time. 

Boundless prairies far and near. 
Making room — room for the new age, 

For the age already here. 



98 IOWA T-M. AND I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

Welcome, welcome, welcome, welcome, 

Still the banners seem to say. 
Still the cannon seemed to thunder, 

To the mountains far away, 
Welcome to the land of Shasta, 

In his robes of stars and snow, 
Come— behold the mighty canyons, 

With their rivers far below. 

See their walls like gates of jasper, 

Walls of lava, gold and red. 
Gorges, crags, of God's own making. 

Where man's feet may never tread. 
See El Capitan the glorious^ 

Hear the red hot geysers roar, 
Born of some forgot volcano, 

Dead these thousand years and more. 

Walk the groves of Calaveras, 

Touch the trees of mighty girth. 
Born coeval with the mountains. 

Primal monarchs of the earth. 
See the golden sanded desert. 

Plains that once Vere stormy seas. 
Where are now the captains — sailors. 

Where the ships that rode on these? 

Mines of gold and mines of silver, 

Chains of mountains standing forth, 
Erom the warm gulf of the Southland 

To the icebergs of the North. 
From the Mississippi's borders 

To the far-off Golden Horn, 
Countless fields of wealth and plenty, 

Homes for millions yet unborn. 

This the land, and this the people. 

Welcome still, the banners say, 
Lo, the sun that rises westward? 

Westward still must take its way. 
Yonder Asia, dead for ages, 

Yonder Europe, dying slow, 
Feels no more the heart-pulse beating. 

Sees no more the red blood flow. 

It is we the newer, younger, 

Who must solve the coming strife; 
On these prairies we must solve it. 

In these mountains find new life. 
By the Mississippi river. 

By the Rio Grande's shore. 
We must bury all the dead things 

Of the thousand years before. 

Great the Past; the Now is greater. 

Forward, forward, moves the world. 
Problems, science, science, problems. 

Newer flags must be unfurled; 
Not of nations — parties — only, 

For mankind the coming call- 
Look, through time's quick widening- 
vistas. 

One great flag above us all. 



REPORT OF COMMIT T3S ON CEREMONIES. 99 

Then shall speak the mighty Shasta, 

In his robes of stars and sno\v, 
Then shall echo back the canyons 

From a thousand feet below. 
Up and down a thousand valleys 

Shall the words triumphant fly, 
And the prairies shall give answer 

To the glad news passing by. 

Then El Capitan, the glorious. 

Shall put on his crow^n of gold, 
Then shall peace walk on the mountains 

As the prophets once foretold, 
Welcome, welcome, welcome, welcome, 

Speed the day of man's new birth — 
Hail the day of God's republic, 

For the people of the earth. 

ADDRESS BY HON. JOHN N. BALDWIN. 

Hon. John N. Baldwin, of Council Bluffs, the orator of the day, was in- 
troduced and delivered an eloquent ad Iress. Among other things, he said: 

"As I wandered through the Exposition buildings and strolled over these 
Grotmds I heard orators proclaiming from the exedra, the Plaza and ros- 
trums in State buildings the glories and triumphs of their respective States. 
One evening after a storm I stood on the bridge of the lagoon but a few feet 
distant from the spot where only a year ago we laid the cornerstone of thi& 
great enterprise, and beholding this mighty monument to the skill, courage 
and enterprise of the men of Nebraska ,1 thought what has Iowa, or what 
has Iowa done to compare with this? 

"I came Nebraska Day and heard that distinguished citizen of the repub- 
lic, whose heart in love and tongue tipped with silver eloquently presented 
the record of the resources and progress of Nebraska; I came Illinois Day 
and heard the representatives of that great commonwealth give their report 
of the work and worth of Illinois, concluding with the claim to the undis- 
puted title to the possession of the third greatest commercial center of the 
world; I imagined that on New York Day Bourke Cochran would so portray 
the history and glories of the great State of New York that we should all 
seem to hear the Siblys chanting the springtime of the greatest empire on 
earth. Again I thought, what has Iowa, or what has Iowa done, to compare 
with all these? 

"Reflecting on all that I had seen a.id heard and imagined, I venerated 
my office and would have despaired of my performance had not the power 
of my subject made me bold in such a presence to plead my thotights. It 
would be the drivel of idiocy, unbecoming a gentleman and unworthy of 
the States, should I on this occasion make any statement not based upon 
careful investigation and not founded upon incontrovertible facts. I now and 
here assert, my heart beating with pride at the utterance, that, measured 
by the standard of religion, education, prosperity, patriotism, liberty, or 
any great principle or idea that makes men better, nobler and happier, Iowa, 
in the union of States, is the peer of all, superior to many and excelled 
by none. 

"We dedicated today this beautiful Building to the uses and purposes 
of the Trans-Mississippi and Internatio.ial Exposition It is merely a type of 
the habitations of our people at the present time. A few- feet from here "and 
within your vision stands a wigwam, which has just been opened. It, too, 
is a type— a type of the habitations of our people flf ty-two years ago. You 
cannot but recognize the significance of the change. The advancement, im- 
provement and progress of the people of the State of Iowa in education, re- 
ligion and material interests has been as striking as that in their habita- 
tions. 

"This great State with its wondercus destinies is now in the hands of 



100 IOWA T-M. AND I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

the younger and present generation. It belongs to us to protect, preserve 
and improve. We must take up the work where the pioneers were compelled 
to let it go. They placed high the standard. Let us never lower it. Let us 
look up and listen; look forward and move. Let our every action be 
prompted and performed in accordance with that design created by one of 
the greatest philosophers and poets, 

Build thou more stately mansions, Oh my soul, 

As the swift seasons roll. 

Let each new temple, nobler than the last, 

Shut thy view from heaven with a dome more vast, 

Until at last thou art free. 

Leaving thy outgrown shell by life's unresting sea. 

"I propose this sentiment: The State of Iowa, with a people possess- 
ing affections deeper even than her soil; actuated by purposes broader even 
than her prairies, and inspired by aims loftier even than her hills, she 
stands today first in the union of States in general contentment, in more 
evenly distributed wealth, and in universal prosperity." 

"The Battle Hymn of the Republic" was sung by the chorus, and Gover- 
nor Holcomb was introduced by Chairman Packard. His remarks were gen- 
eral in their nature and application, and the conclusion was warmly ap- 
plauded. After the conclusion of the exercises the speakers, the members of 
the Iowa Commission and the guests of the occasion were entertained at 
luncheon at the viaduct cafe, after which the visitors inspected the exhib- 
its of Iowa products in the Agriculture and Horticulture Buildings. 

At 5:30 p. m. a reception in honor of Governor and Mrs. Shaw was held 
in the Iowa Building, during which hundreds of people shook the hand of 
Iowa's Chief Executive and his wife, bringing to a close a day which was 
universally voted to be a great success in every respect. 

The weather was delightful and Iowa gave the Exposition a larger at- 
tendance than had been on the grounds since the opening day of the Expo- 
sition. 



. > 3 i 




\vi(iW.\:\i. 



DEDICATION OF THE AVIG^VAM. 

Pottawattamie County Adds Its Big Tepee to the Exposition. 

The dedication of the Wigwam erected by the Council Bluffs and Pot- 
tawattamie County Exposition Association near the Iowa Building took 
place at 1 o'clock yesterday afternoon in order to allow the visitors to attend 
this ceremony as weCl as the dedication of the State Buildings. The tall 
yellow Wigwam was crowded with people from Council Bluffs, Pottawattamie 
County and other Iowa points when President A. C. Graham called the as- 
semblage to order and introduced Rev. G. W. Snyder of the English Lu- 
theran Church of Council Bluffs, who delivered the invocation. President 
Graham then expressed the thanks of the Pottawattamie County Commit- 
tee for the assistance which had been rendered the committee by the people 
of Pottawattamie County and Council Bluffs in the way of money and in 
other substantial ways. Mayor Victor Jennings of Council Bluffs was the 
first speaker. He said: 

Ladies and Gentlemen: We have met here today to dedicate to the uses 
of this great and grand Exposition this contribution from Pottawattamie 
County and the City of Council Bluffs. As the head of the municipal or- 
ganization of that city it becomes my duty, as it is my pleasure, to speak for 
her on this occasion. 

To those familiar with the beauties of Coimcil Bluffs, who know of its 
enterprise and thrift, who are proud to claim a place in its citizenship, it is 
unnecessary for me to enter into detais. To those, howevei', who simplj' 
know that there is a city called Council Bluffs, but who have not tested its 
hospitalities nor witnessed the unfolding of its manj^ and varied industries, 
it affords me gratification to say that within gunshot of this spot, yet hid- 
den almost compDetely by "the eternal hills," lies a city of 30,000 intelligent, 
industrious, contented and happy people. It is the capital city of the 
largest county in the state, a county containing 582,1.56 acres of the richest 
land on the face of the globe. It is second, if, indeed, it is not the first city 
in the world in the magnitude of its agricultural implement trade. "Imple- 
ment Row," comprising blocks upon blocks of mammoth warehouses into 
which the roads from the east pour trainloads of implements dai!Iy, and out 
of which these same goods go daily by the dozen lines of railroads to al- 
most every quarter section of this great Trans-Mississippi territory. It is 
a city of schools and churches, and its educational and moral tone is sec- 
ond to that of no city of its size in tie United States. It is a city of fair 
women and brave men, as attested by the avidity with which its daughters 
are taken from the homes of their parents to homes of which they are the 
inspiration and the head, and by the r.umber of soldier boj's it has contri- 
buted to Uncle Sam's armies. 

This city of Council Bluffs, anxious to contribute in material way to 
the success of this Trans-Mississippi Exposition, and, because of its near- 
ness, feeling an almost proprietary interest in it, unanimously determined 
at the very inception of this great undertaking — the fruition of which we are 
witnessing today — to be fittingly represented here. This determination led 
to the purchase of stock of the exposition, to the calling of public meetings 
and the or.e-anization of an association whose duty it should be to see to it 
that Council Bluffs should be seen and known by all who came within 
these enchanted grounds during the period of the Exposition. It was a 
difficult task assigned to these men. but nobly have they discharged it. 

The Wigwam tells better than can words of mine the wonderful, the 
miraculous development of this Trans-Mississippi country. The footfall 
of the red man, following his well known trails, has given place to the 



REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON CEREMONIES. ' 103 

wliiii of the electric motor as it moves along the glistening lines of steel.. 
The smoke of the "Wigwam" has faded away before the smoke from fac- 
tory and force. The silence of natural peace has gone forever, succeeded 
by the never-ending hum of industry. Ihe plains and valleys are no longer 
the waste places of the earth, but have been made the garden spots and 
graneries of the world. 

To the purposes of this Exposition this "Wigwam is to day given. To 
the city which gives it in part I cordially invite you. The trails are 
plainer than they were a half century ago and the hearts of our people, 
like the doors of their "Wigwams," are ever open to you. We want you 
to come and break bread with us, smoke with us the pipe of peace, rest 
body and mind in the prettiest parks between the two ranges of moun- 
tains, and, going back over the y-ars, find a new meaning in Longfel- 
low's lines: 

Very spacious was the Wigwam, 
Made of deerskin dressed and whitened. 
With the gods of the Dakotas. 
Drawn and painted on its curtains. 

Spencer Smith, one of the pioneer lawyers of Council Bluffs, spoke at 
length of the hardships and experiences of the pioneer of the prairie. 
Judge Walter I. Smith, a member of the district bench of Pottawattamie 
County, was the next speaker. He spoke rapidly, sketching the history 
of Pottawattamie County and passing quickly to the present status of af- 
fairs in the county, referring to the mortality statistics as showing that 
the average life of the man who takes up his residence in Council Bluffs 
is 150 years. In closing he welcomed the people to the Wigwam and in- 
vited them to make it their home. The music for the occasion was fur- 
nished by the Apollo Mandolin Club of Council Bluffs, an organization of 
young men, who delighted the audience with the excellence of their playing. 

ASSOCIATION MEETINGS. 

During the term of the Exposition there were a number of conventions 
and reunions of Iowa Organizations and Societies held in the Press room 
and in the Commissioners' room of the Iowa Building, and at different times 
the use of the building was tendered to the representatives of other States 
who had no State Building on the Exposition Grounds. 

Your Committee commenced early to make their plans for the Iowa 
Celebration which was to occur on the 21st of September. They planned 
to make it an ideal Iowa demonstration. Your Committee planned to 
have a large number of the bands from different counties in the state in 
attendance at that time and opened correspondence with the County Audi- 
tors and Mayors of the principal cities with this end in view. They also 
entered into negotiations with the raiU'oads of the State of Iowa with re- 
quest to transport all uniformed bands to the Exposition for that occasion 
free of charge. 

Your Committee also requested a uniform rate over the entire state of one 
cent per mile and a six days limit. The railroad companies at a late date 
made rates nearly as I'equested by your committee and granted the limit 
asked for, but they declined to transport the bands free. 

The press of the State heartily responded to calls made up on them for 
advertising Iowa State Day Ceremonies. 

"A. brief synopsis of the plan of the Committee was submitted to the 
Executive Committee for their approval and was adopted. 

The exercises of the Celebration Day were preceded on the evening of 
the 20th by a dinner given by the Iowa Commission in honor of Governor 
Shaw, the Iowa State Officers, our Senators and Representatives in Con- 
gress, the President and Board of Management of the Exposi- 
tion, the Commissioners of the several states and territories participating 
in the Exposition, and others. 



104 IOWA T-M AND I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

At this dinner, (the President being absent), Chairman Packard pre- 
sided and the following addresses were made, which were highly compli- 
mentary to our State and Nation. j 

SPEECHES . 

Omaha Club Room, Tuesday evening, September 20, 1898. 
The following is a stenographic report of the proceedings: 
In the opening post-prandial exercises Hon. S. B. Packard, toast- 
master, bade the guests w^elcome, an announced that the banquet was given 
by the Iowa Commission in honor of Governor Leslie M. Shaw and State 
Officers, the President and other officers of the Exposition and the Com- 
missioners of the several States and Territories. 

The Male Quartet from Council Bluffs sang, "Comrades in Arms, Win 
the Fight." 

When the cigars were lighted Toastmaster Packard called on the male 
Quartette. ' ^ 

Toastmaster Packard introduced Senator Allen as follows: 

Gentlemen: The story is too long to tell all at once, the way in which 
Iowa started to come lo the Exposition, but with your patience we will 
gradually unroll, so that you will see how it came about. 

One of the first things in a matter of this sort is to know how this 
great Exposition got its start, and we are fortunate in having with us to- 
night the gentleman who originated and offei'ed the bill which finally 
passed, asking Congress to make an appropriation for ihis great Interna- 
tional Exposition. And we are fortunate again that this is an Iowa gen- 
tleman that w-e loaned to Nebraska. I have gi-eat pleasure in introduc- 
ing Senator Allen, to respond to the toast, "Congress and the Exposition." 

SENATOR WILIAM Y. ALLEN. 

Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen: My life has been a life of surprises. 

I came here this forenoon for the express purpose of doing what I could 
to entertain 5'ou gentlemen from Iowa, assisting our friends from Omaha, 
as far as I had the capacity to do so, but with not the slightest idea of 
having anything to say, notwithstanding it is charged against me that I 
hold the Avorld's record for long distance heel and toe talking. (Applause 
and laughter.) 

The origin of this bill is not a matter of very great importance, 

Nebraska, as you know, has been suffering, or had suffered some- 
what from an unhappy concatination of circumstances, not necessary now 
to be mentioned, for we are a young and struggling commonwealth, we did 
not have the age that Iowa has, and age counts for much in the experi- 
ence of a State. It was deemed by us, at a meeting of the Trans- 
Mississippi Congress, held in November, 1895, I think, that a Trans- 
Mississippi and International Exposition should be held in Omaha. I do 
not think any of us had a clear conception of the magnitude of the en- 
terprise at that time. It had been agitated some time before that by the 
newspapers of this city, and by prominent citizens, and, finally, it took 
definite shape. An organization was formed, the stockholders of which 
resided in Omaha. 

The President of the company will be able to tell you more about that 
than I can. And we then made an appeal to Congress to give it national 
recognition and an appropriation. 

I had the honor of drafting the bill, a very simple affair, and introduc- 
ing it in the senate, and we were fortunate in having my distinguished 
colleague as the chairman of the committee to which it was referred. 

You can very well see, then, the first step in the programme. 

It was reported favorably and, with some amendments, placed on it 
by your distinguished senior Senator, it passed the Senate and went to the 



REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON CEREMONIES. lOS 

House of Representatives, where, after a time, and a great deal of labor, 
it passed, and was signed, a few hours before the adjournment of Con- 
gress, by Mr. Cleveland. < 

The history of this enterprise is better known by President Wattles, 
and those more intimately connected with it. than I could possibly know. 

I may say to you gentlemen, that this enterprise is not only a pet of 
Omaha, it is a pet of Nebraska, and it is a pet, I believe and favorite of the 
entire Mississippi and Missouri basin. 

I am frank to say that I did not have myself a clear conception of the 
possible magnitude of this enterprise, and I never had a clear conception 
of it until today, and I have not been through it yet. My colleague here 
toted me off down the Midway, and kept me almost all the afternoon, and 
I did not see all that was to be seen. 

Senator Thurston— I never had a better stayer. 

Senator Allen— The history of this bill. I believe, or, from the passage 
of this bill, dates a new era in the history, not only of the State of Neb- 
raska, but in the history of the State of Iowa. 

I may say to you gentlemen from Iowa that I first set my foot on Iowa 
soil forty-two years ago. It was a new State at that time, and I have not 
lost my affection for Iowa, by any means although I am frank to say to- 
you, if I were compelled to make a choice between Iowa and that younger 
and, in some respects, brighter Commonwealth of Nebraska, I would 
cling to Nebraska soil. (Applause.) 

It is the beginning of a new era of prosperity, in my judgment. I 
mean general prosperity. Not the kind we were talking about a couple of 
years ago. (Applause.) 

It brings the people of these great Western States more closely in con- 
tact with one another than they have been before. Much of the trouble, 
much of the difficulty that has come to the people of the United States, 
has been in consequence of their hitherto isolated positions. 

I frankly believe, if I may be permitted to refer to the fact, that if we 
had had the close communication with the South, thirty years ago, we 
would not have had the great struggle through which we passed, and 
if all the people of this country were to be brought more closely in contact 
with one another, and this great enterprise is not only bringing people 
from Iowa here, who are our neighbors and great friends, but it is 
bringing people from all sections of the Union, from the Atlantic to the 
Pacific and fi'om Canada to the Gulf. (Applause.) 

That it is educational, no one can deny. 

A person would have to be extremely stupid that would visit this 
great White City located at Omaha and make a study of the Exposition- 
and the articles put upon exhibition there, that did not learn many valu- 
able lessons from what he saw. It is educational not only for the genera- 
tion to which you and I belong, but it is supremely educational to the im- 
pressionable youth of this country that may attend it. And whatever I 
may have done, which is little, in making it a success, I shall always re- 
gard, with some degree of pride, the fact that I was, in some measure, 
connected with its inception and its success. 

You must understand, gentlemen from Iowa, that out here in Nebraska 
we are in love with one another. All sections of this state are in perfect 
accord with all other sections in the state. We have our political battles. 
We have our contentions. We have our struggles among ourselves. But 
when it touches, when anything affects the welfare of Nebraska, its 
commercial or its agricultural or its educational advantages, we are all one. 
There is no Populism then, no Republicanism, no Democracy. (Applause.) 

And those of us who reside in the interior of the State, and I speak as one 
who lives in the interior of this state, those of us who reside in the in- 



106 IOWA T-M. AND I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

terior of Nebraska are in love with the progress and the enterprise of this 
commercial city and center of our State. (Applause.) 

In this center is poured much of the wealth produced from the soil of 
Nebraska, and as long as the merchants and the business men of Omaha 
are as .iust and generous to our people as they have been, in the laps will 
be poured the wealth of this commonwealth in the years that are to come. 

Now, I do not desire to take any more of your attention. I enjoy 
myself best, strange as it may seem, when I talk least. 

I am glad to see you here. 

As a citizen of this state I desire to extend you a hearty welcome to 
Omaha. The doors of Omaha and the doors of Nebraska are open to you. 
You are our friends and our brethren. You are here as our guest, to 
enable us to make this enterprise more successful than it has been here- 
tofore, though it has been a great success, and as such we appreciate your 
visit, and we will do all we can to make your stay among us a pleasant 
and profitable stay. (Applause.) 

Toastmaster Packard— I cannot say, like the. Senator, that I am not pre- 
pared. I cannot make that excuse, because I have got it all in my pocket, 
and the excuse would not be correct, and when I fire a shot, etc. In other 
words, T give every man a change to enjoy his dinner without any fear that 
he is going to be called out. 

I suppose the next subject on the programme should be the one to bring 
us down to the main work and to an understanding of the great task that 
has been accomplished, in raising the money, in preparing this grand Ex- 
position, and to do that*there is one man with us here tonight who can tell 
us all about how this was done. And I want you all to stand and drink 
to the health of President Wattles, who will respond to the toast, "Omaha 
and the Exposition." 

The male quarete from Council Bluffs sang "For He Is a Jolly Good Fel- 
low." 

MR. GURDON W. WATTLES. 
I had hoped and had asked to to be excusd from making any remarks 
this evening, and had supposed, until I was just notified a few moments ago 
that my request had been granted. I am not an extemporaneous speaker 
and until connected with this Exposition, for fifteen years, had not at- 
tempted to make a public address. 

However, as I feel that I am among my friends tonight, I do not feel 
that hesitation that I sometimes do a nong strangers. 

Twenty-five years of the best years of my life were spent in Iowa. To 
the public schools and colleges of that State I owe my education. To the 
splendid advantages and resources and opportunities offered by that State, 
I owe whatever success I may have attained in business. In that State are 
many of my old acquaintances and many of my nearest relatives, and in 
the soil of the State of Iowa lies my only child. 

I therefore feel a fellow feeling today, and as the Iowa Day approaches 
a pleasure that I have not felt in anticipating any other State day celebra- 
tion at this Exposition. 

But I am to talk of Omaha and tha Exposition. The history is so old 
and has been so often told that it seems almost treadbare. 

The year 1892 was a year of panic throughout the land. 

It was followed in Nebraska by failure of ci'ops, by a drouth such as 
had never been known before, business failures throughout the State and 
in this city had reached their maximum in 1895, and business men were 
discouraged and disheartened. And whan the proposition was made by the 
Commercial Congress that met in thi^ State to hold here in 1898 a great 
Exposition of the resources and wealth and progress of the Trans-Mississ- 
ippi States and Territories, it was thought by many of our most conserva- 
tive men that the task was too great and that the time was not opportune. 
The resolution passed the Commercial Congress to hold this Exposition. 
This Congress was composed of all the States and Territories West of the 



REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON CEREMONIES. 107 

Mississippi, but the Immediate ^vork of this Exposition devolved upon the 
citizens of Omaha. An organization was perfected. Officers were elected. 
But the discouragements were so great that even the officers, at first com- 
posed of the Board of Directors of this Exposition, were almost ready to 
give up the enterprise. Our business men, many of them, advised against 
it, and we finally agreed among ourselves that we would go on with the 
preliminary organization, and if we could secure national aid and a na- 
tional appropriation we would carry the work forward to completion. 
How this aid was secured has just been told by Senator Alien. 
After a fight in Congress, such as had never been seen before, on a meas- 
ure of this kind, after efforts, which Speaker Reed acknowledged, after the 
bill passed, had never been equaled, in the passage, and in the requests, in 
the number of requests for the passage of the measure, the bill, finally, on 
the last day of Congress, became a law, and a great jubilee was celebrated 
in this city immediately thereafter, and from that day really began this 
great work of building this great enterprise. 

When I returned from Washington, where I went to do what little I could 
in assistance to our worthy Congressman, to secure a favorable report on this 
bill from the Ways and Means Committee in the House, when I returned and 
told our people that a condition had been added, by the Chairman of the 
Ways and Means Committee, providing that we must raise two hundred 
and fifty thousand dollars, in stock subscriptions, before the Government ap- 
propriation would be available, many were disheartened and discouraged, 
said it never could be done. But many of our business men felt that when the 
night was darkest and when the skies were overhung with clouds was the 
time for the most supreme effort. They felt that by gathering here the re- 
sources and the wealth and the produce of this Western country, and in- 
viting the people of the East to come and see what the West really was and 
what it could produce, we would correct many of the false impressions and 
reports that gone out regarding this State and regarding the other Western 
States. (Applause.) 

They were, therefore, spurred on to action, and, after a long and hard 
canvass among the business men of this city, our committees met and com- 
pared notes, and we found that instead of two hundred and fifty thousand 
dollars, required by Congress, that we had already subscribed more than 
four hundred thousand dollars. (Applause.) 

Those of us who were most intimately connected with the plans of this 
enterprise well knew that two hundred and fifty thousand dollars, and 
even four hundred thousand dollars, would, in no wise, build an Exposition 
worthy of the West. The work went on. the railroads were solicited. They 
came to our aid in the most generous manner. The Burlington road was 
the first, and it subscribed thirty thou'^and dollars; this was followed by an 
equal amount by the Northwestern, annd the other roads leading to this 
city all subscribed in a most liberal manner, until we finally raised by stock 
subscriptions and donations in this community alone about six hundred 
thousand dollars. (Applause.) 

The plans of the Exposition Buildings were drawn and the work began. 
We did not know where the remainder of the money was to come from, but 
•we went on as best we could, and carried out the plans that have been con- 
summated in the beautiful design which has been the pleasure and the ad- 
miration of all visitors, until today, the corporation, organized in this city, 
and upon whose shoulders the active work has been placed, has raised and 
expended one million and three hundred thousand dollars, in round figures. 
They do not owe a dollar. The corporation is practically out of debt. The 
Exposition was in bond for a time. It has been built by Omaha capital, 
by Omaha labor, supplemented, of course, by the work that has been done 
In outside States. All appropriations of States and Territories, the general 
Government, and of foreign nations, has gone to build the buildings of these 
municipalities and States and countries, and not into the general fund. Even 
our own State, that appropriated one hundred thousand dollars, has expend- 
ed every dollar of it through a commission appointed by the Governor of 
this State. The active work has been done by Omaha people, and to the 



108 IOWA T-M. AND I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

generosity and labor and brain and architectural designing we can credit 
forever the great success that this enterprise has achieved. 

It may be out of place, at a meeting of this kind, where people from an, 
outside State are the principal guests of the occasion, to speak in this man- 
ner of the people of the city in which I live. But I want to say that to the 
pc-ople of this city will forever stand the credit of not only showing to the- 
world that in a time of trouble and discouragement we were brave enough, 
and strong enough to come forward to the rescue of our own city, but thejr 
were brave enough and strong enough and willing to put up the money nec- 
essary to protect the credit and to forvrard the interests of the entire West, 
(Applause.) 

The Chairman— We will call upon the quartet. It is an Iowa quartet. 

The quartet responded to the request of the Chairman with this song:: 
"Still and Lonely Must I Go; O, Star.Thy Loving Smile Bestow." 

Chairman Packard— I am going to give you something now to awaken 
the pride which every one has in the toast of "Our Nation." And we have- 
T/ith us here tonight a most eminent statesman of this country, whom we 
are fortunate in having, and whom I now call upon to respond. I refer to- 
Senator Thurston, senior Senator of Nebraska. (Applause.) 

SENATOR JOHN M. THURSTON 
The Toastmaster and Gentlemen of Iowa: It is with great pleasure that 
I meet you here tonight from our neighboring State. 

You have already noticed that most of our eminent citizens originally 
came from Iowa. (Applause.) 

It may not be out of place to suggest that they appeared here almost 
simultaneously with the passage of the prohibitory law. (Applause and' 
laughter.) 

We are very familiar with most of your citizens who live within a ra- 
dius of one hundred miles from Omaha. They are frequent and welcome 
visitors. 

I am faced tonight with a sentiment that would appal any one called 
upon to respond to it, "Our Nation." Why, gentlemen, we do not even know 
the boundaries of the United States today. (Applause.) 

The last few months we have leapad the seas, and our flag flies on two- 
continents, instead of one, and if Dewey had one more Spanish fleet to fol- 
low. God knows how far our dominion might have been extended. (Ap- 
ple use. J 

We are not a people of conquest. The words dominion and conquest have 
not been known in our national vocabulary. And, yet, from the beginning 
of the Republic up to the present time, what wonderful strides we have 
made, not only in civilization and general advancement, but in the scope of 
territory that the American people have from time to time added to the 
original thirteen colonies and the adjacent territory. Here, even, where you 
and I both live, was not a part of the United States at the beginning of 
the nineteenth century. For, by one grand acquisition, in 1804, we brought 
under the Stars and Stripes over two-thirds of the area of the United States^ 
the area that today has placed in tha diadem of the nation's banner al- 
most one-third of its glittering stars. (Applause.) 

Our present position as a nation, in the extension of our boundaries 
and of our jurisdiction, has not been one of our own seeking. Whatever we 
may add to the domain of the United States, the world will acquit us of 
any seeking for territory. The great struggle, which is now so fortunately 
and happily and gloriously closed, was not undertaken to acquire foreign 
lands, to take in the islands of the Gulf or of the further seas, but it waff 
done in response to the resistless demand of the consciences of the Amer- 
ican people that humanity should be relieved from the burdens and the op- 
pressions of tyranny of a foreign government upon the Western Hemis- 
phere. (Applause.) 

And today, whatever will come to us of this great struggle, in the 



REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON CEREMONIES. 109 

-way of territory, it will not come to us of our seeking-, but as the inevit- 
able logic of the situation, and the responsibility that will attach to the 
American people will come to them uhsoug-ht. 

I don't know what may be the policy of this Government in its settle- 
ment of the g-reat issue with the country of Spain. 

I do know that we have secured, because we could not prevent it, and I 
don't think we would have cared to prevent it if we could, the splendid 
island of Porto Rico. 

I do not know what the policy of this Government will be as to the ex- 
tension of our domain in the Pacific ssas. 

I do know this, that it was no part of the purpose of the United States to 
seek dominion there. 

Dewey's fleet sailed into the harbor of Manila, not seeking land, not seek- 
acquisition, but simply as an inevitable result of the war that was upon 
iis, to put an end to the fleet that threatened the interests of our beloved 
•country 

For my part. I have been most cautioun ar.d cor.servative in thought 
-and action. I confess that I have looked with apprehension upon a depar- 
ture from the old established theories of our Government. I have viewed 
with concern and I have hesitatingly cast my influence and my vote in fa- 
vor of any proposition for an acquisition of foreign territory. 

But new responsibilities have come to us as a people. 

Sometimes when I look back upon the history of this country, bounding 
up, as it does, the mag^nificent progress of this world of ours, I have been 
inclined to believe that the guiding finger of Providence may have directed 
the fleets of the United States in the foreign seas, and that it is God's will 
-and God's doing- that the flag of the United States floats over more people, 
for their salvation and their uplifting, than we ever expected it would. 
(Applause.) 

I do know this, that whatever we may retain in our neighboring gulf; 
whatever our administration may retain in the further seas; I do know 
Ihis, that there are no people on the face of the earth to whom the responsi- 
bility of the government of new lands can be entrusted than to the Amer- 
ican people. (Applause.) 

I do know this, too, that as a nation we have grown before the w^orld. 
I do know that we stand today, with more power and more dignity and 
more grandeur and more respect than we have stood before. I know that 
that dear old flag of our means more to the world than it ever meant be- 
fore. That flag that like our country has been a growth, a good growtlj, a 
healthy growth, a splendid growth. Why, we remember that at York- 
town, when it first became the flag of an independent people, it stood as 
the flag that relieved us from the dominion of kings, and for a Govern- 
ment of the people, by the people and for the people. 

We know how the dear old flag grew out at Appomattox until it be- 
came in the sky one of human liberty, and we know, too, that in this later 
growth that dear old flag at Santiago, when almost a quarter of a million 
soldiers surrendered to twenty-three thousand troops of the United States, 
that flag became something that it had never been in the sky of nations, 
"the flag of man's humanity for man. (Applause.) 

It waves in all its splendor on land and sea, in both hemispheres, silver- 
ing and sparkling on the empyrean blue, kissed by the sun of day and 
■wooed by the stars at night, feared by tyrants, beloved by mankind, our 
triumphant flag, the flag of the greatest nation on earth. (Applause.) 

God's providence is in it all, and has been from the beginning. No man 
<;an read the history of the world without reaching the belief that this prov- 
idence reserved this new land through all the sufferings and early struggles 
of the human race, reserved it until, in the fullness of time, a people should 
come to live upon it, fitted and strengthened by great long ages of combat 
and of progress to people it in a better way and for better purposes than 
anv other land had ever been peopled b efore. 



110 IOWA T-M. AND I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

The ancients believed in an Arcadian realm toward which those be more 
less favored of the Gods might sail o.i golden seas, and where the sun 
set beneath old ocean's wave they sa.v its shining strand. This is that 
land. The centuries have g-iven it to the human race; have given it that 
those oppressed in other climes may here be free; have given it that on its 
peaceful shores earth's toiling millions may find hope and rest; have given 
it that its peaceful valleys may abound in pleasant hopes and its eternal 
hill tops glorify the goodness of all America. (Applause.) 

The Chairman — Gentlemen, we will now come to the State we came 
from, Iowa. We have Avith us tonight an eminent citizen of Nebraska, who 
also, was a former citizen of Iowa. How numerous they are. And this 
gentleman can give reminiscences for us. He is one of the old-timers, and 
I am going to ask him to tell us of the^e early days in Iowa, and I ask to 
respond to "Early Days in Iowa" Ex-Governor Saunders, of Nebraska. 

EX-GOVERNOR ALVIN SAUNDERS. 

Mr. Toastmaster and Gentlemen— Probably I should be able to talk of the 
early days, for I have not had so much to do with these latter days. 
(Laughter.) 

1 went into what is called Iowa now when it was Michigan. Prob- 
ably there is not any one here who was there at that time. I think prob- 
ably I know more than most of you of the early settlement of that coun- 
try. It was Michigan then. On the Fourth of July, I think, Michigan was 
admitted, and I was there in that territory. I was ten years in that terri- 
tory before it was admitted. And I was there six or seven years after it was 
admitted, so I ought to know something of the history of that country. 

I assisted as a clerk to take a census in your State when it took in ter- 
ritory north of you up as far as St. Paul, when there was forty-one thou- 
sand people in it. 

Now, this country that is right across here now we did not think was 
worth anything here at that time. 

Now there was some land down in here called Black Hawk, Avhere the 
Black Hawk war was fought, and in 1833 it was taken and called the Black 
Hawk purchase. That is all we knew about it when we went there. I don't 
know what name it would have except that name. But finally the Indian 
Territory was extended, and in that way we kept the people going out a 
little further, and a little further afttr there was some value to it. 

But, gentlemen, I might state right to you here now, the first thing that 
induced me to take a hand in politics was to make the fine map that you have 
in your State. You have as good a map as there is in the whole history. 

But I was over at a convention that- made the constitution for that 
State, that made one State here with a line that -would run right between 
the two rivers here, and the two States was divided so as to make this 
State a little longer than that and that run up towards St. Paul. And I 
took a hand as a youngster. I was then postmaster at Mount Pleasant in 
Iowa, with a great many others, to try to defeat that constitution. I 
wanted it to come just where it comes now, right down to the center of 
the river on the west and to the river on the east, and we had a hard fight 
to bring- that State more than half way throug-h, but we beat it, and I 
thing by about four hundred votes only. But we beat it. And at that time 
we defeated this constitution. Up to that time I never had any thing to do- 
'5\ath politic at all. And they said I ought to go and help make a constitu- 
tion instead of defeating it. So I was sent by the people of my county to 
help make the constitution that gives you your map as you have it today,, 
and I am a little proud of that whether you are for me or not. (Applause.) 

Now, gentlemen, I am not going- to detain you. . I am not much of a 
talker these days, and never was a very g-ood talker, but could talk a little 
better sometimes than I could since I have had this long- spell of keep- 
ing quiet. 

This Exposition that has been spoken of here. 

Our people, you have learned tonigl t who they were, have taken hold 



REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON CEREMONIES. Hi 

of this matter, and we have been backed by my people in Iowa. 
I feel a great affection for the people of Iowa. 

I made jjiy first dollar, after I had left my father's home, there. I cast 
my first vote in that State that I eyer cast. I found my wife in that coun- 
try, my children were born ther?, and why shouldn't I have a love for that 
country. 

Now, gentlemen, I could go on, but I do not want to do it now. I only 
want j-ou to know that I am very glad that our Iowa people have given us 
this banquet tonight. 

They have done well. We have tried to do our duty at home, as you have 
learned tonight, and I feel that there is no people outside of my own State 
that are nearer to me than the Iowa people are today, and I thank you very 
kindly for this opportunity that we should have to express to you our appre- 
ciation of what you have done, and let us get together, as we have here to- 
night, and talk the same things and do the same things and act the same 
things and we shall be neighbors all our time and that you will be proud of 
us as we are proud of you. Applause.) 

The quartet sang "You Ask What Land I Love the Best." 

Time, 10:40 p. m. 

The Chairman said: We have with us tonight an eminent representa- 
tive of our Supreme Court of Iowa, and in order to get you introduced to 
these gentlemen, I am going to give you the toast, "The Iowa Judiciary," 
and ask Judge Deemer, of the Supreme Court, to respond. 

JUDGE H. E. DEEMER— 

Mr, Toastmaster and Gentlemen: 

Although it is currently reported that the Judiciary is standing spon- 
sor for the "Midways," this is the first time, I believe, that that co-ordin- 
ate branch of Government which I have the honor to represent has had 
recognition upon any of the regular programmes. 

We have been so concerned with the evidences of material prosperity 
about us and with the wonderful achievements of this Western people before 
us that we have not had time to consider the social, political and judicial 
conditions which lie at the bottom of all progress. 

But so it has ever been. Courts come and go unheralded. They work so 
quietly, enunciate their doctrines so calmly, and proceed so deliberately 
that their influence is hardly felt; and yet I venture the assertion that had 
it not been for Judge Marshall, this Grand Exposition would have been but 
a dream. 

This department of Government has no patronage at its disposal, no fa- 
vors to bestow, no friends to reward, and no enemies to punish — save the 
enemies of all mankind. It is at once the most potent and the most impo- 
tent branch of Government. It has mind to declare but no hand to enforce. 
It may command but it cannot compel. It may interpret but it cannot 
coerce. Its weapons are time honored precedent and inexorable logic. Its 
aim justice and truth. It never guesses more than two ways on the same 
proposition; and over in our State they say it is right about half of the 
time — and this compliment is usually bestowed by the successful litigant. 

It is looked upon as the impregnable bulwark of our liberties, and yet it 
is most unmercifully and unjustly criticised. I speak now of the system, and 
.not of particular courts or individual judges — and I may say parenthetically 
that I have no patience with a court that will make men work against their 
will; nor faith in an institution that will compel men to conduct their busi- 
ness or employ their capital at a loss. Neither have I regard for a court 
that will interfere with men in the performance of any lawful avocation; nor 
belief in a judicial system which cannot or will not protect property rights. 
I have no respect for that argument which gives to government the power- 
to create something out of nothing, and yet takes away from it the right to- 
protect that which one enjoys. 

But to return from my digression. From Marshall to Miller marks the- 



112 IOWA T-M. AND I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

distance from Virginia to Iowa. From Virginia to Iowa measures the in- 
terval between the original thirteen colonies, and the fully developed nation. 
From the Alleghanies to the Louisiana purchase measures in kind the true 
limits of territorial expansion. 

I have chosen Marshall and Miller not simply for this figure of speech, 
but to illustrate in a measure the influence of the judiciary upon our social 
system. Marshall was the constructor, Miller the reconstructor. Marshall 
laid the foundation, Miller builded and cemented the arch. Marshall gath- 
ered up the thirteen colonies which has crystallized around the sword of 
Washington and wound about them the red and white bars typical of the 
valor of our soldiers and the purity of our intentions. 

Miller followed the sword of Grant and gave permanent setting to that 
ever increasing galaxy of stars which are destined to shine from the blue field 
of justice 

Marshall gave vigor and vitality to the young nation; Miller bound up 
its wounds, and nur.^ed it to young manhood. As you wend your way out to 
the "New White City" and pass under that magnificent Arch of States. I 
ask you to remember that but for the creative genius of Marshall and the 
constructive ability of Miller, no such triumphant memorial would have 
been possible. 

I have also selcted these two names because of the fact that as Marshall 
came from the old home of statesmen. Miller was appointed from the new. 
Marshall represents Virginia; Miller stands for Iowa. 

While it is generally conceded that Justice Miller stands at the head of 
our illustrious jurists, w'e yet have others, and have made large loans to our 
sister States. New York, Chicago and Omaha have made large drafts upon 
us, which have always been duly honored. 

I must not tire you with the mention of the names of all. To do so would 
unduly trench upon the exercises for the morrow and I forbear. 

Not only is the nation indebted to Iowa for the able jurists she has fur- 
nished, but the influence of her sons upon the growth and development of her 
sister States is beyond computation. 

It would not become me to speak of our present court. We frequently 
say at home that were it not for the bad precedents established by our pre- 
decessors we would have no trouble and there would be very little litiga- 
tion. Over here in Nebraska, and in this exclusive company, I want to con- 
fidentially confess that we never had a better court that when Dillon, Wright 
and Cole were upon our bench. I believe, too, that the whole West has pro- 
fited from their labors. 

We take laudable pride in the fact that we furnished Nebraska with a 
Post, not to mention the district judges of Omaha, who sat at the feet of the 
illustrious trio that I have mentioned. 

I know it is quite the custom to decry the courts, and to criticise opin- 
ions. The latter is perfectly proper, provided the critic has an intelligent 
conception of what he is talking about. But the statesman or politician, 
anarchist or socialist who strikes at the former has for his mark the foun- 
dation stones of our republic, and should he succeed in undermining the in- 
stitution our priceless liberties are gone. The courts are the nation's safe- 
guard. 

The Chairman — I am going to give you the next toast, "The Iowa Press," 
and w-e are fortunate in having my townsman, S. C. McFarland, editor 
and proprietor of the Times-Republican of Marshalltown, whom I shall 
ask to respond. 

S. C. McFARLAND. 

In Response to the "Iowa Press," 

Mr. Toastmaster and Gentlemen: 

Coming from Iowa it is Impossible for me to say that I am entirely un- 
prepared — this with deference to the explanations that have preceded mine. 
I did receive vague word by wire that I would be called upon to respond to a 
proposition that long range rendered more or less indefinite, and now find 
that my notes are worthless for the purpose for which they were intended. 



REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON CEREMONIES. 113 

The situation is pregnant with embarrassment. Within sound of the elo- 
quence of Senator Thurston and Senator Allen, within touch of the prac- 
tical enthusiasm of President Wattles, and having been endowed by nature 
with long legs, I feel like emulating the example of your native jack rabbit 
and taking to the cornfields of Nebraska. 

It might be taken that this toast is merely the usual and stereotyped 
acknowledgment of the power and influence of the newspaper — that most ap- 
preciated and oftimes the most discredited of all human productions. It 
might be a deference to that ancient remark of Thomas Jefferson: "I would 
rather live in a country with newspapers and without a government than in 
a country with government but without newspapers." Or it might be an 
unconscious tribute to the bitter-sweet of Wendell Phillips: "The newspa- 
per is the parent, school, college, pulpit, theater, example and counsellor 
—all in one. Every drop of our blood is colored by it. Let me make the 
newspapers, and I care not who makes the religion and the laws." 
But it is not too much to presume, in this instance, that it is merely the rec- 
ognition of the fact that, but for her newspapers Iowa would not have been 
represented at this splendid show of her sister State, nor would this banquet 
have been held tonight. 

It is difficult, in our personal affairs, to always adjust rightly the nice- 
ties of investment and expenditure; it is more difficult in public affairs, 
enmeshed, as they frequently are, with questions that should be entirely 
foreign — but tonight there is cause for congratulation throughout all Iowa 
that, to her credit, as a State, and to the just pride of every citizens, past 
and present, her newspapers brushed aside all selfish sophistries, and reach- 
ing across the Big Muddy, grasped the hand of Omaha, of Wattles, of Rose- 
water, of Saunders, of Montgomery and all those kindred spirits who looked 
failure in the face and calmly told her that she lied 

In 1840 Iowa had but four weekly newspapers, strong and crude creations 
they would seem today. In 1850 she had twenty-seven, but still no dailies. 
Today there are published, in round numbers, 950 weeklies and 70 dailies. 
Within half a century of time no more marvelous tale has ever been told 
than the history of Iowa journalism. Its weeklies are the best and strongest 
in the nation; its dailies have long since trespassed upon the future. With- 
in the brief scope of this response there is no time for historical analysis, 
and if there were, there are others who alone are competent to put into 
words a proper tribute to Iowa journalism — to the brain and brawn of its 
pioneers, to the enterprise and sacrifices of their successors. 

The modern Iowa daily is the evolution of but a very few years. Only 
yesterday perfecting machinery and type-casting and stereotyping processes 
were unknown outside the very largest cities. Today it is a poor town of 
12,000 people that hasn't a substantial, satisfying newspaper. The ponderous 
metropolitan has become almost a memory. The metropolitan daily finds 
its erstwhile undisputed field becoming more and more circumscribed. The 
processes of invention and competition have educated a new clientele; the 
development of the American idea has created new conditions of locality 
and environment, and, to meet them, out of rough experience, the inland 
daily, as we call it, has been evolved, and when you have found, behind its 
modern plant, that combination of resource and enterprise, that mental 
and moral balance, and that practical and executive ability required of the . 
successful publisher in all his acute relations to the public and to individu- 
als, then, in my humble judgment, you have found the genius of the most 
exacting journalism that is known today. 

The fecundity of Iowa is not measured by her cornfields. When the 
genius of creation called into existence the two great rivers of this north- 
ern continent it was decreed that, enclosed within their borders and nestled 
between the rigors of Minnesota on the north and the miasma of Missouri 
on the south there should be spread a garden of the Gods — not a fantastic 
dream of dead volcanos and the wash of centuries, but an empire of roll- 
ing prairie and gentle stream, whose influence should be an inspiration for all 
her children, stamping them with the broad character of her own topography 
and endowing them with the vigor of her own soil. And her children have 



114 IOWA T-M. AND I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

been inspired. The pioneer press of Iowa preached the gospel of education. 
It took the boulders from the pathways of forgotten glaciers and built the 
foundation of the school house. That Iowa school house has developed 
new states, and, as you have heard so eloquently acknowledged tonight, 
its influence may be traced to the enterprise that lies beneath and the 
beauty that blossoms within Omaha's White City. It has invaded and invi- 
gorated the old commonwealth. Its .-scholars have taken, as their natural 
levitage, the most commanding places in every avocation of the nation's life,, 
and, Mr. Toastmaster, not content with producing — I was going to say the 
best, but with consideration for the feelings of Mr. Rosewater, I shall say the 
most wholesome, newspapers in the world, it has challenged the country by 
sending to and retaining in congress a delegation whose practical statesman- 
ship dominates its councils, whose eloquence compels the world to stand still 
for a moment that it may listen, and whose membership, officially and per- 
sonally, is the satisfaction and the glory of every true son who dwells 
within that charmed ground preserved, as we have heard by Ex-Governor 
Saunders, and Avhose motto, crystallizing the splendid sentiment uttered 
by Senator Thurston and coined long ago by our war Lieutenant Governor, 
Enoch Eastman, is inscribed upon that shaft of all the States at W^ashing- 
ton — "Iowa, the affections of her people, like the rivers of her borders, flow 
to an inseparable union." 

The Chairman — Gentlemen, if mine eyes do not deceive me, far away to 
the south, in the back part of this room, we have a late arrival from San- 
tiago de Cuba, and in order to get him out of the rear, I am going to pro- 
pose a toast, "Iowa at Santiago de Cuba," and I will call on Mr. Lafaj-ette 
Young to respond. 

MR. LAFAYETTE YOUNG. 

Editor of the k)wa Capital. 
Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen— I arrived somewhat unexpectedly, and ani 
not in the humor that grows upon one after sitting for some time and 
partaking of the good things at the banqueting board. I still have with me 
the dust and discomfort of an overcrowded Rock Island train, and am a 
living evidence of the inefficiency of the commissary department of Cuba. 
(Laughter.) 

It was my good fortune, as a newspaper man, to be with the Fifth 
Army Corps, under William R. Shatter, almost from the beginning of hos- 
tilities until within a few days of their suspension. 

It is difficult, at this time, to recount the results of the war. The war 
began and ended unexpectedly, and events followed one another with such 
rapidity and so much history was crowded into such a short space of time 
that it is, as I say, at this time, difficult to estimate the results of the war. 
We are today a greater citizenship than on the first of May when George 
Dewey sailed up Manila bay and introduced Uncle Sam to the leading 
powers of the world, as a cosmopolitan, world-wide citizen, a cross between 
Buff-ilo Bill and Simon LeGris, to be taken into the reckoning hereafter if 
trouble is to be avoided. (Applause and laughter.) 

It is much easier to enthuse over the liberation of an oppressed and 
down-trodden people around the banquet board than it is on the deck of an 
overcrowded transport troop ship, or amidst the hardships of camp life 

I accompanied Shaffer's army from Tampa to Cuba, and it was an in- 
teresting experience and one not to be forgotten. The spectacle of twenty 
thousand men being landed on a hostile shore, with bayonets and bullets— 
not a committee of reception and badges — to receive them, was an inter- 
esting and inspiring sight. 

Leaving Tampa, we sailed down through the various bodies of water, 
down the Florida coast, out to Dry Tortugas, then the full length of the isl- 
and and around the bend of the eastward point, then eastwardly 75 miles, 
until you come within sight of Morro Castle at the entrance to the harbor 
of Santiago de Cuba; laying there on the troop ship at night, wrapped 
in a blanket, and tossed by the sea, gazing up at the blue firmament above, 
tTie tropical conditions disclose many stars never seen in our northern lati- 
tudes. 



REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON CEREMONIES. 115 

To while away the long hot nights we would look out upon the water, 
in the darkness and blackness of the night; the only lights were the sin- 
gle lights of these 39 wooden vessels, as helpless in the presence of modern 
guns as Paul Jones' fleet if we had it today. Stern wheelers, side wheelers, 
ocean propellers, screw propellers, ships of every variety of form and every 
conceivable shape that Uncle Sam was able to get together in a hurry, 
and looking out on that procession, with eleven fighting ships at the side, 
and the great battle ship Indiana in front, with its upper rigging and tur- 
rets towering above the water like towers of an old mediaeval castle, it 
was an impressive scene. Looking out at the little solitary lights in each 
of these ships, in their silent procession, in the darkness of the night, you 
might imagine they were the lights along the principal streets of a country 
town. Here was the corner drug store, there the postofflce, over yonder 
the corner grocery, with its cracker boxes and tallow barrels and free Amer- 
ican citizens discussing the silver problem; over on the right you might 
imagine that small lonely light was the school house light and you were 
hurrying across the prairie to fill a night appointment, and were somewhat 
late; and this other light was at the farm house of the leading citizen, the 
man who looked after the delegations, and you would expect the dog to 
come out barking to receive yo«. 

These thoughts might pass through the mind while sailing down in the 
darkness of the night through these various bodies of water, when the 
lights were out and the newspaper men could not play poker to kill time: 
when our thirty-five newspaper intellects would be at parade rest for want 
of something entertaining, and we had to think, and thinking is a last re- 
sort. 

Then, when you arrived, after these days and nights of trials and trib- 
ulations, and after the morning round ups when they would bring the sick 
men on the ships, with the newspaper representatives, and the foreign 
army and navy representatives of the world, bring the boys to spread the 
various diseases throughout the various other parts of the ship, day after 
day, bringing them on a little more thickly, until all the state rooms were 
crowded and you did not know whether you were going to have typhoid fe- 
ver the measles or what, and finally, after that had gone on six days and 
nights and the water was gone out of the tanks, and the ginger ale from 
the bar, and the boys were out of cigars and cigarettes, and swapping to- 
bacco and chewing brown paper and other make-shifts to supply the tobacco 
that was gone, and you arrive and see Morro Castle, and the ships, and 
Sampson and Schley, and everybody else, and the ambitious young lieuten- 
ants of the navy who were eager to emulate Dewey 

Then to follow the fleet around the corner where you bombard Da- 
quiri with eleven fighting ships, throwing all sizes and shapes of shot and 
shell on shore, and then landing and sleeping on shore for the first night, 
in the midst of a great army, and hear the outposts all up through the 
glens of the little mountains, saying halt, who goes there, and the neighing 
of the artillery horses all around you, and you begin to wonder if God Al- 
mighty is going to smile on an enterprise of the kind, when you are tak- 
ing possession of land that belongs to somebody else for four hundred 
years, and to seek your berth and your bed, and other creeping things seek 
your berth and your bed, without any particular introduction, introduce 
you to the ways of the tropics, and you hear the bands play, after a while, 
the old "Star Spangled Banner," the first time, possibly, in that country, 
and "America," and then, the only survivor of the civil war, that seems to 
s«it both sides, "Dixie," and invariably wind up with the new battle hymn , 
of the republic, "There'll Be a Hot Time in the Old Town Tonight." I will 
never forget that night. I was thinking, as I said, it is a last resort, I 
wondered if God Almighty had any partnership in that enterprise, or 
whether it was going to be well with us, and that is a rather singular thing 
to be passing through the mind of a newspaper man, and only passes 
through in extreme cases. 

Finally, the Ninth Infantry Band, not far away, every man as black as 
night, and each man a giant, wound up the concert with "Nearer My God 



116 IOWA T-M. AND I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

to Thee." Then an unrepentant newspaper man did think of the circum- 
stances that surrounded him, and then the rain began to pour, and it 
found all the American citizens that were there. It found fifty hostlers in 
charge of the artillery back of our camp, and they had been told that if 
you got wet and cold at night that you must keep moving, so they built an 
enormous bonfire when the rain began and formed in procession around 
that bonfire and tramped a^■ound it throughout the entire night, singing 
everything from gospel hymns down, and invariably wound up with a "Hot 
Time," and they kept that up until the first rays of dawn, and we were 
engaged in raising the flag of liberty in Cuba. (Applause.) And then the 
boys would gather around the campfires at night with their gums bleed- 
ing and their mouths dry and lips blistered, and the blood fevered in the 
veins, and you have got to pass through the fever before you are fit to live 
in that country and get the northern instincts out of you, before you are 
prepared to do business, sit around the campfire instead and talk of the 
good things to be had up in God's country. I remember an Irishman in our 
camp. "Young," he says, "when you go back to America, you are going 
back sooner than we are, because we are working by the day and we have 
to stay, go into the first saloon that you come to tljat looks respectable, 
get a "tin bucket full of beer and a chunk of ice in it the size of your head 
and a low stool, spread yourself out, and bury your face in the beer and 
think of me." (Laughter.) He says: "Don't take your face away or wipe 
off your chin, it would be greater than the crime of seventy-three." 

You can judge by my emaciated appearance whether I followed direc- 
tions or not. 

There were many instances, and I tell you if the American republic en- 
dures a thousand years, they will never realize the singleness of purpose 
and the heroism of the soldiers of the United States army, after they have 
been waiting for thirty .years to put into practice what for thirty years 
they had been learning. (Applause.) Every man came off those vessels 
with a Krag-Jorgensen by his side and his blanket rolled over his shoul- 
ders, three days rations and one hundred cartridges in his belt, with as 
fixed a determination to start toward the proposed firing line of 
Santiago as if he already had had orders and his position been designated. 
There will never be greater deeds of heroism and there never has been by 
American soldiers since Washington's men left the bloody imprints of their 
feet in the snows of Valley Forge. (Applause.) The first battles of the re- 
public fought by the regular soldiers cf the United States army since Scott 
and Taylor captured the City of Mexico, more than fifty years before, and 
one-fourth of all that number were black men and all under the command of 
General Joseph Wheeler of the South. 

Indeed we might say when we see these Southern men saying forward 
to the Ninth and Tenth Cavalry and the Twenty-fourth and Twenty-fifth 
Infantry, "now let the thy servant depart in peace as in the fulfillment of 
the law." If there is a preacher here I would thank him to correct my 
scripture. 

There is much to be said about this great campaign in Cuba, and this first 
ought to be said, that that battle could not have been better fought by living 
men than it was fought under the command of Shafter. (Applause.) The 
greatest criticism that could be said would be that a man, that no man 
weighing three hundred and twenty-fivb pounds had any business in that 
climate under any circumstances, and the only marvel is that he lived; with 
fever, with rheumatism, with every known ailment, that man directed the 
fight,' but the God's truth is it did not need anybody to direct it. There 
was Chaffee and Hawkins and Kent and Betts and Sumner, and Capron's 
battery and Grimes' battery, and the coolness and the determination of the 
men, and they would have taken Santiago or died in the attempt, but if 
Shafter and every other commander there had been in the bottom of the 
Caribbean sea it would have been fought just the same, because of the in- 
domitable heroism of the .men. 

War was a new enterprise with me, and I remember the first news of 



REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON CEREMONIES. in 

the battle. Myself and an old friend, who accompanied me on the way 
doAvn and who had been all through the civil war and had been in the 
army forty years and was then on the retired list, were sitting in a va 
cant bungalow not far from Daquiri, where we landed, for the name is Da- 
quiri and not Baquiri, as Uncle Sam's maps have it; it is owned by the 
Spanish-American Iron Company, and the name is Daquiri. We were there 
when Cal Brice and a captain whose name I have forgotten, came riding 
out with horses covered with foam and perspiration and all having the ap- 
pearance of excitement, and we went out, and they told us that harrowing 
tale of the fight back in the woods where the Spanish had been driven 
away from our landing place and had attacked Roosevelt's Rough Riders 
and the First cavalry and others under the command of Colonel Wood in 
one column and General Wheeler in the other, and had surprised them 
and they had literally slaughtered the entire command, or the heads of 
their columns. Although depressed with heat, we started pell mell for that 
battlefield as you would go to a fire in Omaha, out of curiosity; we forgot 
being tired, and we got up there and found the place strewn with dead and 
Avounded men. Myself and others propped Marshall of the New York Jour- 
nal up, had a bullet through him, while he dictated a last letter to his wife 
and made his will. We assisted the wounded down to Sibonev and the 
next morning we gathered there and buried the dead. Sixteen Americans 
were laid in that grave, one grave, on which we laid this tall guana grass 
to make it soft and gentler for the boys in their last sleep, rolling them 
first m their blankets and then we covered them over with guana gra=s 
and then with a foot of black loam, the richest soil in the world to pro- 
tect them from the ever present buzzard, and then Chaplain Vanderwater 
of the Seventy-first New York took his place at the head of the grave and 
read a chapter from the New Testament, and the newspaper men and sol- 
diers gathered there started "Nearer My God to Thee," while we stood 
with bared heads in the tropical sun. It was the first tragic touch of war 
and It was new to most of us, we knew nothing about it, and during these 
solemn proceedings I wondered if it was right to invade an alien shore 
even in the name of better things and better promises and better hopes' 
I need not go further. I believe the war has been worth all it cost. It has 
placed the old flag on every court house of the South; it has placed a lit- 
tle flag on the lappels of all the summer girls and the matrons of the 
South, and for the first time since I860 it has placed the old star spangled 
banner on the capitol at Richmond. It has bridged the bloody chasm that 
stood open for thirty-five years. It has sent the sons of Lee and Grant 
into the same conflict and on the same side. It has made' us a united re- 
public, and if we go and extend the helping hand of friendship and moral- 
ity and education and religion to the black people of Cuba and Porto Rico 
and the Philippines and bring them up to a higher standard of civilization 
is It not possible that we are doing more for these people than we are for 
ourselves? 

And where we are standing around our own street corners quarre'ing 
as to whether we are to have dollars of a certain weight or a certain other 
weight. Is it not better then and is it not just at the time when Ameri- 
ca's hands were empty and we had conquered our own wildernesses, and 
bridged our own streams and tunnelled our own mountains, and there was 
no further progress in our own land unless we countermarched and looked 
by the right and by the left to see if we had omitted anything in our former 
march. (Applause.) Has it not come about in God's Providence that these 
new fields for the resistless, immeasurably restless energy of the American 
people to reach out in other lands and do other things for humanity. And 
what are we here for? When we are uplifting other men are we not at 
the same time uplifting ourselves. God is smiling on" this great conquest, 
and has smiled on it from Dewey's first shot until the last, in front of San- 
tiago and back of it. Never such a war fought at so little cost; never an 
accident happened that has not been on our side. Every unexpected thing 
has been in favor of Uncle Sam. The?e things do not happen by accident. 
They are intentional. It is the purpose of the pbwer that rules all things 
to give this great people these new o pportunities in these different parts 



lis IOWA T-M. AND I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

of the world. And if I should live a thousand years I will never forget 
when we laid off the harbor of Daquiri after the bombai'dment at a quar- 
ter after five on the 21st day of June, after the landing had begun and 
seventeen thousand had been put on shore, we noticed on the precipitous 
mountain in full view of all, three American soldiers climbing up there 
through that dense menagua, to place the old flag on that height, and in 
less than ten minutes the old Star Spangled Banner was waving from the 
flagstaff that had been erected by Spain; then all the ships that had guns 
fired, and all the young soldiers that had not landed were up in the rigging, 
and wherever they could get a foothold and hanging by spars and ropes, 
and the cheering was taken up from ship to ship, and then the bands took 
a turn, and the old "Star Spangled Banner" and "America" and "Dixie" 
struck up, and the enthusiasm reached ninety degrees in the shade, and 
the blood coursed through the veins with irresistible energy, when all of the 
bands by common consent played "There Will Be a Hot Time in the Old 
Town Tonight." (Applause.) 

This great enterprise is but characteristic of the American people, and 
also emphasizes the fact that the American hands are nearly out of some- 
thing to do, otherwise we would not devote ourselves to bickerings and 
quarreling about this thing and that, and these other enterprises come in in 
time to meet this universal demand, and it has been a wonderful war, for 
a great purpose. It has accomplished great things, and it has caused 
great sufferings, as all wars must do, but it has placed Uncle Sam and 
John Bull arm in arm, and the two great English speaking nations are 
one in heart and sentiment, and when they start out on a great enterprise 
there is scarcely any other great combination that dare tread upon the 
tails of their coats. 

Uncle Sam and John Bull, two great civilizers of the world to be, the 
great promoters of commerce, and as a consequence all other good things 
that follow along with it. Long may they reign, and long may our mutual 
enterprises progress. (Applause.) 

The Chairman — This is the last time I shall call upon the quartet. I 
hope they will indulge us once more. If they happen to have a patriotic 
air in the number, that they can give us, we will be obliged. 

The quartet sang "Oh, Say, Can You See by the Dawn's Early Light." 

The Chairman — Gentlemen, with one more toast we will bring the ex- 
ercises to a close. Before doing that I want to return the thanks of the 
Iowa Commission to President Wattles and to each member of the Board 
of Directory for the very fine way in which you have handled all the dif- 
ficult things that we have brought before you, without any complaint, and 
with uniform good feeling. You have made us feel at all times perfectly 
at home in this enterprise. To the other gentlemen that have come here to- 
night, and especially to those that have favored us with most interesting re- 
marks, the Commission also desires to return their warmest thanks; and to 
those other gentlemen here who could have responded most gracefully 
and earnestly and patriotically, had we only a little more time to have 
given them also, we return the thanks of our Commission. I will give you 
now, in closing, this wi'l be the last, a toast to those that are not here, "The 
Blessed Ones, the Ladies," and will call on Congressman Mercer to respond. 

CONGRESSMAN DAVID H. MERCER. 

Mr Toastmaster and Gent'emen — A few years ago I stood on Tenth 
street, in this city, it was a summer evening, the merchants were standing 
out in front looking for a'r and looking for trade. A man, minus a leg, 
came hobbling up Tenth street. He was on crutches; he came to a cloth- 
ing store, and he says: "Have you any one legged pants." And the man 
says: "No, sir; we do not keep anything of the sort in our store." The man 
next door, who was also in the clothing business, heard the inquiry, rush- 
ed to the rear end of his store, took down a pair of pantaloons, which he 
thought would fit the man on crutches. He took back a pair of shears and 
cut off one leg from the pantaloones. Ihen he put them back on the counter 



REPORT OP COMMITTEE ON CEREMONIES. 119 

and he rushed to the front door. The cripple by that time had got in 
front of his place, and he says: "How do you do, sir; have you any one 
leg-ged pants?" "Yes," he said; I always keep in stock everything- my cus- 
tomers ask for." The one legged man went into the store, went back to 
the rear end, and the merchant, in all confidence, took down the pair of 
pantaloons and shook them out and immediately saw that he had cut off 
the wrong leg. Now, I think Governor Packard, in assigning me to this 
loast has cut off the wrong leg. There was a time in my experience when, 
so far as ladies are concerned, I dealt in the plural, but I am married 
now, and j'ou know what that mears. 

After listening to the remarkable address by our friend and every- 
body's friend, Mr. Lafe Young of Iowa, we are more thankful than ever 
that we have ladies on earth, because were it not for a lady, he would 
not have been here, and he could not have given us that remarkable ad- 
dress. Were it not for the ladies none of us would be here and have the 
pleasure of being the guests of such hospitable men as those who come 
from Iowa to visit us in Nebraska. Were it not for the ladies we would not 
have had the p'.easure of listening to all the remarkable speeches made here 
this evening, or listening to the splendid music or partaken of this excel- 
lent food. 

And your toastmaster would have shown wisdom in the assignment of 
this toast if he had called upon Mr. Rosewater of the Bee, or Mr. Dawson 
of the Des Moines Leader, or my friend Judge Wright of Council Bluffs, 
for they are all ladies' men; they could give you pointers that I know lit- 
tle about in reference to the ladies. Even my friend Senator Allen might 
have discoursed a little bit when he took the floor and talked to you and de- 
voted part of his time to the subject of ladies, because he and my friend 
Thurston this afternoon were enjoying the inidway, and had it not been for 
the ladies they could not have had any fun in the streets of Cairo and the 
Streets of all Nations. 

I remember, some years ago, in Massachusetts, a lady sitting in a coach 
Across the way a gentleman who kept looking at that lady time and time 
again, and, finally, he got up and wer.t over to her and says: "I beg your 
pardon, madam, but I think I know you: your name, please." She says: 
"Lydia Pinkham is my name." He l-ad seen the cut in the newspapers so 
often that he thought he knew the lady. 

Two ladies sitting in a Pullman car. One complained that the car was 
close; the other lady complained there was too much draft in the Pullman. 
Finally, the lady who did not have air, not finding the porter, pushed up 
the inside window, and she sat back and breathed the air. The lady, 
across from her, who complained there Avas a draft, said: "I wish you 
would put that window down, because I am catching cold from the draft." 
And the altercation grew and attracted the attention of the conductor who 
came to see what the difficulty was. And the lady looking for air said: "I 
opened the window to get air because it is too close in here." And the lady 
across from her says: "I wish she would put it down; I am catching 
cold." The conductor says: "Those are double windows in this car, and 
neither one is relieved and neither ore has any complaint." If it were not 
for the ladies we would not have such pleasantries as this upon the rail- 
roads of this country. 

Mr. Toastmaster, if it were not for the ladies some of us would stay 
out a good deal later than we do. If it were not for the ladies civilization 
would be a good deal worse off than it is today, and in nine cases out of 
ten if mankind will confine itself to the sociable and its associations to 
places where ladies are the world will be all the better for it. 

It is a pleasant entertainment to meet around a banquet board like this, 
and it is fitting upon occasions of th"s kind that we should remember that 
we have intimate friends, that we have our wives and our sisters, and our 
daughters at home, and they are entitled to our thoughts, even in the 
highest moments of our hilarity. They are the corner stones of our up- 



120 IOWA T-M. AND I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

building. To them are we anchored and in many cases whenever we meet 
with success in this life we can ascribe most of that success to the influ- 
ence of ladies. 

Mr. Toastmaster, it was before the prohibition scare when I came to 
Nebraska. My father and mother stopped in Benton County, Iowa, long 
enough to let me see the first light of day, and it is not strange, Gover- 
nor Saunders, that I have affection and friendship for the State of Iowa, 
and we in Nebraska admire that magnificent State, the great State Uni- 
versity, her other great educational institutions, her remarkable newspa- 
pers, her big broad manhood, her statesmen and her splendid citizenship. 

And this Exposition, Mr. Toastmaster, is indebted to Iowa as much as 
to any other State, because Senator Allison and Senator Gear helped us in 
the Senate every day and hour when the bill was before Congress, and Con- 
gressman Dolliver, upon the Ways and Means Committee, never let an op- 
portunity pass by but what he would give us his assistance and his coun- 
sel. This is our neighboring State, and I say, Mr. Toastmaster, it is well 
for us to be friendly in the years to come. When the people of Omaha 
started this Exposition Council Bluffs joined hands, and we had no more 
loyal friend, Mr. Wattles, than Council Bluffs in all the struggles, and the 
ladies of Council Bluffs joined with the ladies of Omaha to make this Ex- 
position the great and grand success that it is. (Applause.) 

Mr. Toastmaster, it is late; we have had a splendid time, and I think 
any one who would attempt to command too much of your attention af- 
ter listening to the splendid speeches we have had thus far this evening 
would be committing a crime. And I thank you very much, I assure you. 
(Applause.) 

On the morning of the 21st, a number of bands arrived, concerts were 
given at the Iowa Building during the entire day and evening. 

A procession was formed in the city, composed of Governor Leslie M. 
Shaw, mounted, attended by Adj. Gen. Melville H. Byers and members 
of the Governor's staff, and State Oflficers. Governor Holcomb of Nebraska 
and staff, President Wattles and members of the Executive Committee of 
the Board of Management of the Exposition, the orator of the day, Hon. 
Robert G. Cousins, Congressman Fifth Congressional District, of Iowa, 
and others that were to participate in the program, with numerous Iowa 
Bands of Music, followed by a large delegation from Council Bluffs, in- 
cluding companies of cadets. This splendid representation was escorted 
by the Iowa Agricultural College Cadets, Commanded by Col. Herman 
Knapp with Agricultural College Band acting as escort to the Governor. 

They proceeded to the main entrance of the Exposition Ground on the 
east side of Sherman Avenue, where they were met by Major Clarkson, 
General Manager of the Exposition, and were conducted by him to the 
Iowa State Building, thence through the Exposition Grounds to the Audi- 
torium, where thousands of Iowa citizens had assembled awaiting the ar- 
rival of the distinguished party who were to take part in the program. 

Vice President Allan Dawson of the Iowa Commission, acted as Chair- 
man, introduced the speakers and the following program was given: 

PROGRAM . 
Auditorium, 2:30 P. M. September 21, 1898. 
IOWA STATE DAY. 

1— Organ Voluntary. 

2— Introductory Address, Vice President Allan Dawson. 
o_overture, "The Wizard of the West," Ladies' Band of Eldora. 
4 — Invocation. 

5_Violin Solo, a Legende, H. Wiennanski; b Polonaise, Miska Hauser, 
Lucile Franchere, Earl Byers, Accompanist. 

6— Address, His Excellency, Leslie M. Shaw, Governor of Iowa. 
7_Solo, "Delight," Nellie Mae Brewster. 



REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON CEREMONIES. 121 

8 — Address, Gurdon W. Wattles, President Trans-Mississippi and Inter- 
national Exposition. 

9 — Vocal Solo, "Star Spangled Banner," Mary Theresa Louthan. Audi- 
ence will join in chorus. 

10 — Oration, Hon. Robert G. Cousins. 

11 — Quickstep, "Uncle Remus," Barnard. Iowa Agricultural College 
Cadet Band. 

ADDRESS, GOVERNOR LESLIE M. SHAW. 
Ladies and Gentlemen, Citizens and Friends of Iowa: 

"Not many generations ago, in the place where you now sit, encircled 
by all that exalts and embellishes civilized life, the rank thistle nodded in 
the breeze, and the wild fox digged his hole unscared." So said Charles 
Sprague three-quarters of a century ago, and the utterance is as true when 
applied to the land of the Omahas as to the land of the Wampanoags. 

We meet this day as citizens of Iowa, on the soil of a sister State, for 
no idle purpose. The people of Iowa are not idlers, but the day will 
have been lost to us and to our children unless what is here said, and 
done, and witnessed, and enjoyed shall bring greater thoughtfulness and 
increased earnestness. The half century and two years since the admis- 
sion of Iowa added the twenty-ninth star to the flag which has now be- 
come the protector of the world have wrought great changes. Most of 
the improvements of earth, most of the progress in the arts and sciences, 
most of the advance in civilization, have been wrought within the period of 
our State history. Time would not permit, if the inclination were present, 
to recount the achievements in the political, industrial, financial, agricul- 
tural, mechanical, scientific, educational, religious or moral world. Suffice 
it to say that in all of these Iowa has rendered her full share of service, and 
has reaped her full measure of blessing. We can well afford to leave to 
others the study of the past. Let it be ours manfully to face the future, 
now more than ever big with possibilities, and . with careful glance ahead 
improve the present. 

In all the grand exhibit of this remarkable Exposition there is not found 
that for which our State has greatest reason to rejoice. The product of the 
farm, of the orchard, of the garden, of the herd, of the dairy, of the factory, 
of the mine are here in great quantity and of superb quality. Truly Iowa is 
great in territory, great in resources, great in product, but she is greatest 
of all in her children. There is presented to my eye from th>3 platform 
that which is infinitely more valuable than all herds and all harvests. 
I see scattered through this audience many of the youth of Iowa. They 
are from the city, from the town, from the hamlet, and from the Iowa 
farm. They ai-e representatives of an aggregate of seven hundred thous- 
and of school age, and of an equal number who have just passed from 
educational tuition to face the activities, the anxieties, and the achieve- 
ments of manhood and womanhood. These all belong to a generation 
which will surely be heard from. Their fathers and mothers have been 
industrious, have been ambitious, have been hopeful, and have been suc- 
cessful. A generation thus circumstanced is always potential. Dr. Strong 
tells of a township in the western reserve which was settled with an 
energetic, liberty-loving, God-fearing, educationally-inclined people, and 
which in a limited period'furnlshed many members of the State Legislature. 
From that community of only a few hundred inhabitants men went forth to 
college professorships east and west, to the supreme bench of the State, 
and to the United States Congress. Northampton, Mass., has among its 
native and resident population over four hundred graduates from colleges 
and other educational institutions; it has furnished the world with one 
hundred and fourteen ministers, eighty-four ministers' wives, ten mission- 
aries, twenty-five judges, one hundred and two lawyers, ninety-five physi- 
cians, seven college presidents, thirty professors, sixty-four other educa- 



122 IOWA T-M. AND I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

tors, twenty-four editors, six historians, twenty-four authors, two gov- 
ernors, and thirty other State officers, twenty-five members of the State 
General Court, as the Legislature is styled, two generals, six colonels, 
thirteen other army officers, thirty-eight officers of the United States, 
among them a Secretary of the Navy, two Foreign Ministers, a Treasurer 
of the United States, five Senators of the United States, eight Members of 
Congress and one President. If a territory six miles square, under favor- 
able conditions can make such a record, what may we not hopefully ex- 
pect from a territory containing fifty-five thousand square miles, all of it 
similarly peopled, and with conditions more favorable than Massachusetts 
ever enjoyed or Ohio ever possessed. 

"Know thyself," said the Greek philosopher. "Know thine opportunity" 
has become a companion and equally important maxim. 

When you go home tonight tell the children that the world is big and 
constantly expanding; that this day's experience has broadened your 
vision; that life has become more real and hope more ardent; and that 
both j'ou and the world, and especially the States expect something of 
them. Wake the boy in the night, break in upon his dreams with stories 
of hopeful possibilities; watch the fire kindle in his eye; then let him 
dream again of greater things, of broader expanses, of higher altitudes, of 
nobler achievements. Neglect neither seed time nor harvest; watch the 
growing and maturing crops; succor and protect both flocks and herds; 
zealously guard the interests of the shop and the store and the ofl^ce; but, 
above all, look well to the youth of Iowa, and to all things that shall con- 
serve the generation whose footsteps crowd the threshold of the world's ac- 
tivities. 



PRESIDENT WATTLES' WELCOME. 

In the welcome he extended on behalf of the Exposition Management 
President Wattles declared that Iowa is the finest agricultural State in 
the Union. It has a smaller percentage of untillable land than any 
other territory in the world. It has a smaller percentage of illiteracy 
and fewer criminals. This condition he charged to the fact that farm- 
ing was the principal vocation of the State's people. Agriculture breeds 
virtue and contentment and this influence is apparent in the Hawkeye 
State. There are no large cities to draw the people into faster living 
and to inspire them with the greed for gain. 

There was a special reason, President Wattles said, why this occasion 
had more of pleasure for him than other events of like character, for he 
was extending a greeting to his old associates and neighbors. It was with 
pride that he referred to a residence in Iowa covering a period of his early 
manhood, and it was at that time that he came to know and love the peo- 
ple of Iowa. The population of the State was of a singularly sturdy, pro- 
gressive and intelligent character and in respect to these qualities un- 
surpassed by the people of any other commonwealth. 

The chapters that Iowa has added to the growth and development of the 
west were among the most important and instructive in the annals of 
the whole Trans-Mississippi region. He cheerfully gave to Iowa the credit 
of being the first State to pass an appropriation for the Exposition and on 
behalf of the management he bore testimony to the support w^hich the 
State had from the first and constantly given to the great enterprise. He 
reminded the people of the State of the intelligent and effective adminis- 
tration of the Commission, and mentioned the handsome State Building 
and the splendid exhibits as affording ocular proof that this commenda- 
tion was well deserved. 

Continuing the speaker dwelt on the hardships and difficulties that 
were encountered in the pioneer life of the State. Their struggles with 
these conditions left the people inured to hardship and able to fully ap- 



REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON CEREMONIES. 123 

predate the luxuries and conveniences that came with civilization. How 
gladly the settlers who hauled their wheat 200 miles to market and then 
«old it for 40 cent-5 a bushel welcomed the scream of th.i eng-)iie and the 
approach of the railroads. It is no wonder, he declared, that the people 
of such a State should be intelligent, prosperous and happy. 

In conclusion he assured the visitors that they are equal partners in 
the enterprise and cordially urged them to make themselves at home m 
the magnificent White City that they had helped to build. 

ADDRESS BY ROBERT G. COUSINS, M. C, AT OMAHA. 

Delivered at the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition, 

Sept. 21. 

lOW^A DAY, 1898. 

The State of Iowa accepts with fraternal gladness the hospitable hand 
of greeting extended by Nebraska and our other sister States m this 
great empire of the pioneers and salutes with reverent patriotism the fed- 
eral government of the United States. 

In the words of that original and poetic genius, "Ironquill," who has 
voiced so well the thought and feelings of our westland, and who has made 
the name of Kansas known forever in the world of letters: 

States are not great 
Except as men may make them. 
Men are not great except they do and dare. 

* * * * 

All merit comes from braving the unequal. 
All glory comes from daring to begin. 

I have asked five of the ablest and most noted Americans what they 
regard as the chief thing or leading feature of the Trans-Mississippi re- 
gion and they have invariably answered, "Its men and women." The other 
day I met one of the oldest settlers of eastern Iowa— one of those original, 
rugged characters whose wit and wisdom has lightened the settlers' hearts 
and homes for many a toilsome year— one of those interesting characters 
who never bores you and whom one always likes to meet— a man whose 
head is silvered and whose countenance is kind— and I asked him what he 
regarded as the principal feature of our Trans-Mississippi country, and he 
replied: "Well, I'm no scholar, but I've been round here nigh onto sixty 
years and I reckon 'bout the most important thing is the folks and the 
farms." 

While you rest here a little while in this splendid auditorium before 
going to view the wonders and the beauties of the Exposition (and inci- 
dentally the Midway) I shall speak briefly of the folks and farms of my 
native State of Iowa and of this empire of the pioneers. In doing so, 
I have some hesitation, realizing as I do that there are doubtless those in 
this vast audience who were contemporaries with my grandfathers in the 
early settlement of Iowa away back In the thirties, and who are far better 
qualified to tell the tale of toil and triumph which is the glory and the 
honor of our birthland. In such a discussion, I feel as though I was 
standing on the bank of a magnificent stream in the hearing of patriarchs 
and pilgrims who have traveled from its source. I can look at its swift 
flowing current and think of the scenes by which it has swept in its lone- 
ly way from the wilds where it started; I can remember with you the 
roaming red man who watched with jealous eye the coming of this An- 
glo-Saxon stream of civilization; I can marvel with you at the vastness 
of the products of its soil, watered with the tears of happiness and toil; 
1 can realize with you the ruggedness and patience of its manhood and 
the strength and gentleness of its womanhood, but of its landscape 
farther up, its tributaries and its cabins, its haunts and huts and won- 



124 IOWA T-M. AND I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

ders, its picturesqueness of primeval life, the story is far better told by 
him whose tired feet have trudged along the way, whose hands have 
toiled and whose hair has turned to gray. 

Iowa became a separate territory, with the capital at Burlington, ia 
1S3S, and was admitted into the Union "in 1846, and has been in it ever 
since. It makes little difference whether it was first settled by the 
whites at Dubuque for mining purposes in 1788, or, for trading purposes, 
at Montrose, in 1799, or opposite Prairie du Chien, in 1804 or 5, or in Lee 
county at Sandusky in 1820, or on the lower rapids at what is now known, 
as Nashville, in 1829; or whether the first settlements for general purposes 
were made at Burlington and Davenport in 1832. The main facts is that 
it was well settled — not by dyspeptic tourists nor by invalids who had 
come west out of curiosity and New Jersey, nor by climate seeking dilet- 
tanti with two servants and one lung — but by the best bone and sinew 
of the Middle States, New England and the Old World. I do not know 
that there were any dukes or lords or marquises or duchesses, but there 
were Dutch and Irish and Scotch and Scotch-Irish and English and Am- 
ericans and they had home rule right from the start — at least they had in 
the first school which I attended. The men and women who settled the 
Hawkeye State were not those who expected to go back "in the fall," or as 
soon as they could prove up on their claims. They were stayers. They 
were not men to be discouraged by winter or by work. They were men 
who knew that nobody ever amounted to much in this world unless he had 
to. Most of them began simply with the capital of honesty, good health 
and their inherent qualities of character. They built their cabins in the 
clearings and watching the smoke cuil up in the great wide sky, felt just 
as patriotic for their humble rustic homes as e'er did princes for their cas- 
tles or millionaires for mansions grand. 

To build a home is a great thing. It doesn't matter so much about the 
dimensions. "Kings have lived in cottages and pygmies dwelt in palaces," 
but the walls of a home always add something to inherent character. In 
the formation of character there are always two elements, the inherent and 
the adventitious — that which we bring with us into the world and that which 
our surroundings give us. Somebody said "There is only a small portion; 
of the earth that produces splendid people." Our pioneers got into a good 
place. They had left doubt sitting on a boulder in the east and packed 
their things and started for the west. Rivers had to be forded, trees to be 
felled: cabins had to be built— the rifle must be kept loaded — so much the 
better, there was self-reliance. Corn and coffee had to be ground, and' 
on the same mill — so much the better, there was ingenuity. Teeth had 
to be filled, and there was no painless dentistry. Disease and injury 
must be dealt with, and the doctor fifty miles away. Life must be 
lightened, lonely hearts must be cheered, and the old friends and com- 
rades far back in the States or may b? away in the Fatherland, and the 
cheering letter tarrying with the belated stage coach — hold fast, thou 
sturdy denizen and gentle helpmate of the rich and wondrous empire, in- 
finite goodness guards thee and the fertile fields are ready to reward! 

Ah, pampered people of the later generations, when you imagine mod- 
ern hardships, think of the courage and the trials and the ingenuity of 
pioneers when there were no conveniences but the forest and the axe. the 
wide rolling prairie and the ox team, the great blue sky, the unsolved fu- 
ture and the annual ague! Complain of markets in these modern times 
and then think of your grandmother when she was a blooming bride, lis- 
tening through the toilsome days and anxious nights for the wagon 
bringing home the husband from a distant market with calico and jeans 
purchased with dressed pork sold a dollar and a half a hundred, and' 
maybe bringing home a little money, worth far less per yard than either 
calico or jeans. Maybe it was all for the best, human character was 
being formed for the development of a great and loyal and progressive State 
to shine forever among the stars of the Federal Union. 



REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON CEREMONIES. 125 

Probably the purest time in the history of grovernineuLs and of men is 
"When they are painfully intent upon the labor of their development and 
■defense. Most all greatness and nearly every original idea has come out 
of some kind of trouble. Whoever gets to greatness or success without 
meeting opposition, goes in an air castle. Most of the flowers of genius 
have bloomed from bleeding hearts. There never was a strong and 
handsome face without some little line of care. And so every circum- 
stance of those early, toilsome lives, every tedious trail, every tear, every 
home whose roof kept out the storm and whose walls contained their sor- 
rows and their joys; all the gifts of a generous soil in return for careful 
cultivation; every irritating inconvenience which finally drove some ques- 
tioned mind to ponder out improvements, all such experiences are as cer- 
tain in their formation and development of character and mind as are 
inherent qualities that accompany the origin and mystery of life. 

Somewhere I have seen an etching of a face that was called Experi- 
ence, and I have never forgotten it — one never does forget a face that has 
ideas in it. This one was the illustrated history of a life. There was 
Youth with all its hope, marked here and there with all the lines of 
strife and care and victory which middle life had placed upon it. And 
there was the mystic touch of later years, like autumn's pencil work in 
nature, all shaded with the mellow haze of time — a kind of soft and sil- 
very veil with which deft nature covers up her glory — a picture penciled 
by an artist with an tinderstanding mind, who knew his subject had 
thought as he had thought, felt as he had felt, dreamed as he had dreamed 
— a kind of picture that one sees so very very seldom, only as often as one 
finds genius — the divine— and I thought there is the typical picture of a 
pioneer and well named "Experience." 

Civil government in Iowa proceeded with its rapid settlement. The pio- 
neer became a model citizen. He knew the necessity for the laws that were 
enacted. He did not feel oppressed by government. He had experienced 
the losses of robbery and larceny and knew something of the embarrass- 
ment and inconvenience of being scalped. There was no hysteria about 
trusts and combines because they had practiced combinations themselves for 
mutual protection. If any one would learn the true genius and exempli- 
fication and philosophy of self-government^ government of and for and by 
the people, let him study the records of pioneer life, the institutional be- 
ginnings and the evolution of their laws. It would be worth our while 
on some suitable occasion when time permitted to talk over the inter- 
esting incidents attending the administration of justice in the early days 
of Iowa, the incidents of its territorial legislatures, the birth and growth of 
its Statehood and the characters of its officials. But the greatness of our 
State is not contained in any name. Its official history is the expon- 
ent of its industrial life and character. Its greatness is the sum total 
of its citizenship. In order to be just, John Jones, the average citizen, 
must be mentioned along with our most illustrious officials. Somebody said 
that the history of a nation is the history of its great men, but there is 
an unwritten history which that averment overlooks. The growth of a 
State is the progress of its average citizen. The credit of a common- 
wealth is the thrift of its John Jones and William Smith, and the char- 
acter, prosperity and patriotism of the individual citizen is the history of 
Iowa . 

The population of 97,000 which she had when admitted into the Union 
had increased to 754,699 at the close of the Civil war. Of these about 70,- 
000. almost one-tenth of the population, were in the war— a number equal 
to nearly one-half the voters of the State. Who made the history of Iowa 
during that great struggle of our nation's life? John Jones, the average 
citizen, whether he carried a musket helping to put the scattered stars of 
State back into the constellation of the Union, or whether he toiled from 
early dawn to lingering twilight in the fields or in the shop. The best 



126 IOWA T-M. AND I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

civilization is tliat which maintains the highest standard of life for its 
average citizen. 

Since the civil war the State of Iowa has increased in population to al- 
most 2,225,000 of people, and most of the time has had the least illiteracy of 
any State in the Union. Doubtless for that we are indebted to many of 
the older States, whose enterprising and courageous citizens constitute so- 
large a portion of our population. With but half a century of statehood 
and with an area of but 55,475 square miles, the State of Iowa produces the 
greatest quantity of cereals of any State in the Union. As long ago as the 
last federal census, taken in 1890, it produced more corn, more oats, more 
beef, more pork than any State in the Union. Not long since I was intro- 
duced to a gentleman from New York City. He said: "Oh, from Iowa— 
ah— let me see, that's out— ah— you see, I'm not very well posted on the 
geography of the West." "Yes," I said, "it's out there just across the Mis- 
sissippi river. You can leave New York about noon and get your supper 
in Iowa the next evening. It might te worth your while to look it up. It's 
the State which produces more of the things which people eat than any 
other State in the Union. It has more miles of railroad than your State 
of New York, more than Mexico, more than Brazil and more than all the 
New England States combined." 

The value of Iowa's agricultural products and live stock in round num- 
bers for the year 1892 was $407,000,000, to say nothing of her other great and 
various industries and enterprises. She produced that year 160,000,000 lbs. 
of the best butter on earth of the value of $32,000,000. The Hawkeye but- 
ter ladle has achieved a cunning that challenges all Columbia. The Iowa 
cow has slowly and painfully yet gradually and grandly worked her way 
upward to a shining eminence in the eyes of the world. The State of Iowa 
has on her soil today, if nothing ill befalls it, ninety million dollars' worth 
of corn. The permanent value of land is estimated by its corn-producing 
qualities. Of all the products of the earth, corn is king and it reigns in 
Iowa. 

Industry and natui'e have made the State of Iowa a creditor. Her soil 
has always been solvent and her system of farming does not tend to pau- 
perize it. She is a constant seller, and therefore wants the evidence of the 
transaction to be unimpeachable. She has more school teachers than any 
other State except the Empire State and only three and six-tenths per 
cent of her population are illiterate. The State of Iowa has yielded the 
grandest dividends on her educational investments. She has become illus- 
trious on account of her enlightenment. She has progressed further from 
"primitive indifferent tissue" than the land even of Darwin himself, and in 
her escape from protoplasm and prejudice she is practically out of danger. 
Marked out in the beginning by the hand of God, bounded on the east and 
west by the two great rivers of the continent, purified and stimulated by 
the snows of winter, blessed with copious rainfall in the growing season, 
with generous soil and stately forests interspersed, no wonder that the 
dusky aborigines exclaimed when they crossed the Father of Waters, 
"loAva; this is the place!" Not only did the red man give our State its 
beautiful and poetic name, but Indian nomenclature runs like a I'omance 
throughout the counties and communities. What infinite meaning, what 
tokens of joy and sadness, of triumph and of tears, of valor and of van- 
qulshment, of life and love and song there may be in these wierd, strange 
words that name today so many of our towns and streams and counties: 
Allamakee, Chickasaw, Dakota City.^Sioux, Pocahontas, Winneshiek^, Keo 
sauqua, Sac, Winnebago, Tama, Nodawa. Compeine, Chariton, Commanche, 
Cherokee, Waukon, Muchakinock, Washta, Monona, Waupeton, Onawa, 
Keota, Waudina, loka, Ottumwa, Oneska, Waukee, Waucoma, Nishnabotna, 
Keokuk. Decorah, Wapello. Muscatine, Maquoketa, Mahaska, Ocheyedan. 
Mississippi, Appanoose, Missouri, Quas;iueton, Anamosa, Poweshiek, Potta- 
wattamie, Osceola, Oskaloosa, Wapsipinicon. 

Ere long some westland genius, moved by the mystic inspiration of the 
rich and wonderous heritage of Iowa nativity, may sing the song of our le- 



REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON CEREMONIES. 127 

gends and traditions, may voice in verse the wondrous story of his illus- 
trious State. Maybe somewhere among the humble homes where blood and 
bone and brain grow pure and strong; where simple food with frugal ways 
feeds wondering minds and drives them craving into nature's secrets and 
her songs — somewhere along the settler's pathway or by the Indian trail 
where now the country churchyards grown with uncut grasses hide the 
forms of sturdy ancestors sleeping all in peaceful ignorance of wayward 
sons or wondrous progeny — somewhere where rising sun beholds the peas- 
antry at early toil and leaves them in the mystic twilight ere their tasks are 
done, where odors of the corn and new-mown hay and vine-clay hedges 
by the shadowy roadside linger long into the night-time, as a sweet and sa- 
cred balm for tired hearts — somewhere sometime the song of Iowa shall rise 
and live, and it will not omit the thought of that gifted son who said: 
"Iowa, the affections of her people, like the rivers of her borders, flow to 
an inseparable union." 

And now, my fellow citizens, a word about our great Trans-Mississippi 
region, the empire of the pioneers and of our country and its future. 

We have on this side of the Mississippi river an area of 2,143,155 square 
miles of land, two and a ciuarter times the area east of the Mississippi. 
You could put England, Ireland, Scotland, the German Empire, France, 
Austria, Hungary, Italy, Spain and all of the United States east of the 
Mississippi into this Trans-Mississippi territory without touching Califor- 
nia or Hawaii, and Admiral Dewey Avould still have the Pacific ocean and 
Manila, with rope enough to lasso and hang the last enemy of the United 
States and civilization. 

The population east of the Mississippi in 1890 was 45,979,754, having in- 
creased eighteen per cent in the ten preceding years. The population west 
of the Mississippi in 1890 w^as 16,642,496, an increase of ninety-three per cent 
in the preceding decade. The wealth per capita east of the Mississippi in- 
creased twenty-two and three-quarters per cent from 1880 to 1890 and in- 
creased sixty-nine and one-half per cent west of the Mississippi in the same- 
decade. 

The State of Minnesota alone produces nearly one-eighth of the flour of 
the United States and Texas furnishes one-fifth of the cotton. Iowa, Kan- 
sas, Nebraska and Missouri produce nearly half of the entire corn product 
of the country, over one-fourth of the beef and more than one-third of the 
pork. No other territory in the world of eciual area produces so much 
of the substantial food of life. 

Being a perpetual creditor, on account of its vast productions, the- 
■western region and all its States have a common interest in the largest 
possible employment of people in other avocations than producing food, be- 
cause employment not only creates appetite, but likewise the financial abil- 
ity to satisfy it. The western region and its many States also have a com- 
mon interest in honesty. Having given their labor for a large increase in 
wealth per capita— the largest of any section of the country— they are natur- 
ally interested in maintaining it. No one has a greater interest in the vest- 
ed value of a dollar than he who has exchanged his labor and his products 
for it, or who has a constant surplus to be sold and registered as accu- 
mulated wealth. You labor today and accumulate thereby. You may want 
to rest tomorrow. Your accumulation should be secure. You have been 
selling all these years. You may wish to buy or build tomorrow. The 
credit registered by your toil, frugality and prudence should be forever 
sacred. The West should look to the future and think not only of its gains 
in one decade, but of the balance that will be to its credit in a hundred 
years from now. Do not forget that the world must eat and that mankind 
is multiplying by the millions, and that the Creator is not making any 
more land on this planet. Hold fast to the heritage which God and the 
pioneers have left you and to the standard of integrity and value by which 
it was earned. Let the future buy from you according to that same stan- 
dard by which you have bought and by which your toil is measured in the 
present. 



128 IOWA T-M. AND I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

No one can foretell a limit of the possibilities of this great, producing, 
half-developed region for the future, with the United States forging to the 
front in the commerce of the world, claiming its harbors and its coaling 
stations along the lines of trade in the uttermost parts of the earth and real- 
izing more than ever before that it is a joint proprietor with the older na- 
tions of the earth in the great high seas. Doubtless some people are over- 
reckless for expansion and some are so conservative that their intellectual 
estates seem almost in probate. Douglas Jerrold used to say, "There are 
some people so conservative that they can never appreciate the new moon 
out of regard for that venerable institution, the old one," and Wendell 
Phillips added, "Some people are afraid to sweep off the cobwebs for fear 
the roof will come down!" But there is one thing reasonably certain: 
America will have a place to land and coal her ships in every quarter of 
the globe. There has been the age of marble and the age of bronze; ours 
is the age of commerce and of iron. Commerce will not stop, it under- 
mines the mountains, lays its cables underneath the billows of the sea and 
scorns the fury of its crests. Commerce is a greedy, moiling, tireless 
spider catching all the world in a web of iron, and it will weave its wires 
wherever there is life. It has found the orient and the Occident and will 
never rest until it ties its cables to the poles. 

America will build a greater navy and will build the Nicaragua canal 
and her merchant ships will take her commerce into all the harbors of the 
world and our battleships shall protect our commerce in its legitimate and 
rightful course. The American flag shall be visible and revered away from 
home as it is loved and venerated here, and under it a free people shall 
thrive and multiply in peace. 

If one were to write a prophetic history of the next century and insist 
upon it with any degree of obstinancy, he would doubtless be deemed in- 
sane. If Washington, when he retired from public life, had uttered one- 
half the truth of events that have since transpired, even Americans 
would have said that the pressure of official responsibility had rendered the 
Father of his Country a victim of dementia, and the world would have 
doubtless pronounced him crazy. If some optimist of New England had 
said a hundred years ago, as has transpired and been declared since 
then, that in the nineteenth century science would pierce through mount- 
ains that ancient poetry could never scale, whisper across the ocean, tame 
the lightning, annihilate space, explode superstition, create light, bottle up 
sound, he might have been arrected for witchcraft. If at the time when 
a hundred and eighty crimes were punishable with death, some judge or 
.iurist had recognized the sunrise of civilization and had declared that the 
time would soon come when the greatest nation of the earth would inflict 
the death penalty for only two offenses, he might have been deposed for 
his opinion. If any one were to remina you now of one-half the century 
that is gone and foretell one-half the century to come he would be regarded 
as a dangerous man and rickety, and it would be used against him in the 
next campaign, no matter on what ticket he should run. The fact is that not 
many realize the rate at which the world is traveling. Time is so noiseless 
that it awakens very few. The Rip Van Winkles are as numerous as the 
Smiths and Browns and Joneses. Wh'le we are yet shaking hands with the 
events of yesterday genius taps us on the shoulder and introduces a stranger 
and we exclaim, "What impostor is this'.' ' An impossibility, an event of the 
future. 

What shall be the events of the coming century? Probably with what- 
ever degree of certainty we are able to comprehend the past and to under- 
stand the present, with that degree can we foretell the future. Yesterday 
and today are the premises of a syllogism whose conclusion is tomorrow. 
I believe there is a good reason for everything that happens in the universe. 
The indications are that the great events of the near future shall be in the 
line of commerce, as I have already indicated, of jurisprudence, of social 
economy, of science and of art. The teidency of the times is to get rid of 



REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON CEREMONIES. 129 

long-established humbugs as soon as the'.r copyrights expire. The wisdom of 
the past shall be retained, but the wings of progress shall not be burdened 
by its evils and stupidity. So long as toil shall bend the back of man his 
brain shall question science for its mysteries, and so long as mystery re- 
mains to form the boundary line of knowledge the scientists will strive and 
climb and climb and reach beyond those bounds. They will make the elec- 
tric current turn the wheels of all the world. 

And in our coming century there will be tumults, strife and riot, but 
there shall be no ruin. America shall be ruled by law. She will not forget 
the lessons that her patriots have taught. She will abide by the pilgrim co- 
venant — the legally expressed will of the majority. 

And in the future, striving and contending with all its ceaseless, tireless 
energies, in that stately and majestic march of time and toil there will be 
success and failure, thrift and slothfulness, charity and meanness, hope and 
doubt, happiness and misery. And soma time it will lift up its voice and 
America shall hear great music — such as she has never known before — and 
there shall be great artists. Some one has said that America is too busy 
to make verses, too serious to sing songs; that all her ideas are marshal'ed 
up in battle array to solve the vital questions of self-government and that 
all her jewels are wrought into diadems to crown the kings of commerce 
and the lords of science, whilst poetry is swept away by the tide of activ- 
ity that swells through every artery and vein of Columbia's land. And all 
that has been very true. But it shall not always be so. We shall not al- 
ways take our melodies from old operas nor our designs from ancient fres- 
coes. We shall not always dig our architecture from the ruins of the past 
nor get our fiction from the brains of dead men. The same conditions that 
bred the genius of dead empires shall find the muses and the artists for 
Columbia and a greater glory shall await them, for they shall all be born in 
freedom. 

By and by some millionaire, tired of killing pigs and packing pork, will 
see something beautiful or maybe something sad, and he will endow an In- 
stitution where poverty can come and dream and mark its pain and 
thought upon the canvas and the marble. And then some other hoarder of the 
millions shall grow weary cornering kerosene and corn, and he will hear 
some voice or see some fair young face with just a little line of care upon its 
arched and thoughtful brow, and he will add his charity to the goodness and 
the greatness of America and he wil say to genius, "Come, these walls shall 
keep the winds from shriveling up your tender wings on which you now 
may rise and soar and out of all your misery that is past make har- 
monies that will soften all the sorrows of mankind, revive the melodies that 
have been dying through all the centuries of time with the pain of silence 
and out of the inspiration that may come to you write rhapsodies that will 
lift and glorify the thoughts and minds of men and find the very throne 
of God." Emerson declared a little while before he died: "We think our 
civilization near its meridian, but we are yet only at the cock crowing and 
the morning star." The future will verify Emerson. The greatest alliance 
ever projected in history will be the alliance of American efforts and Ameri- 
can interests. Into the opening gateway of the twentieth century, hand-in- 
hand, shall spring our king of commerce and the queen of industry, the 
Sphinx-eyed scientist and his bride of art, the sturdy son of agriculture 
and the dreaming child of song, and their thought and toil and song shall 
honor and inspire the human race and make our country great — essentially, 
exquisitely, magnificiently great. 

- At the close of this program a very pleasant reception was given by 
a committee of Iowa ladies to Mrs. Governor Shaw, Mrs. President Wattles 
and Mrs. Clement Chase, President of the Ladies' Board of Management 
of the Exposition. This was followed by ill"umination at the Iowa Building 
and grand concert by the Mexican band on the Plaza. 

After the concert, there was a magnificent display of fireworks given by 
the Board of Management in honor of Iowa Day. The illuminated motto 
over the arch of the Central Music Pavilion, also planned by the Board of 
Management, read as follows: "Who's all right?" "Iowa." 



laO IOWA T-M. AND I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

Thus closed the most successful State Day Celebration held during the 
Exposition. 

The attendance from Iowa during this celebration week was not less than 
one hundred and fifty thousand (150,000), the railroads being taxed to their 
utmost to provide transportation for the vast crowds going and coming daily. 

Your Committee regret exceedingly that they could not arrange the date 
for holding the celebration so as to accommodate somespecial organizations 
which were anxious to be present and participate in the celebration, but 
this could not be done, and in view of the fact that the Peace Jubilee was 
so soon to be held on the Exposition Grounds occupying the fu'l week, the 
date fixed, without doubt, proved to be the best possible time for holding the 
celebration. 

In closing the report, your Committee take this opportunity to return 
their thanks and the thanks of the Commission to all, to the Iowa bands for 
their splendid music, to the Dubuque Oratorio Society, and to all others for 
their aid and assistance in making these public exercises and celebrations 
the grand success they were, and to the thousands of intelligent citizens of 
Iowa who by their presence added greatly to the success of these public 
occasions, which were an honor and a credit to our great commonwealth. 

Most Respectfully Submitted, 

J. E. E. MARKLEY, Chairman. 
S. B. PACKARD. 
F. N. CHASE. 




H()\ (iEC). F. WRIGHT. 
■ ■- Vice President for Iowa. Trans-Mississippi and International Ex|H)sition. 




HON. LUCirs WELLS. 
Iciwa Director-'Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition. 




JOHX F. MERRY, 

CliMirnian. Coniniittee on Transportation. 




GEORGE W. McCOID, 

Treasurer. 



Report of Treasurer 



BY CEORCE W. McCOID. 



I herewith submit a consolidated statement of moneys i-eceived and 
warrants paid and cancelled, the total amount of which agrees with the 
vTarrants issued by the President and Seci'etary. 

One Thousand Dollars ($1,000.00) of the amount appropriated for pur- 
poses of the Commission has never been drawn from the State. Total 
amount received by me from State Treasury, thirty-four thousand dol- 
lars ($34,000.00.) Ihree thousand dollars ($3,000.00) of this amount has al- 
ready been refunded to the State as shown by my report; this, with the 
one thousand dollars ($1,000.00) remaining- with the state making four 
thousand dollars ($4,000.00) to the ere lit of the Commission. 

This report also shows balance in my hands of $1,438.82, which will be 
accounted for in a supplemental report. 

Iowa T.-M. & I. Exposition Commission In Account With George McCoid, 
1 reasurer. 

CREDITS: 

By total amount received from State Treasurer $34,000.00 

Received on account errors from F. N. Chase, Secretary 53.49 

Received on account Organ Matter, from F. N. Chase, Secretary... 150.00 
Received on account Salvage, from F. N. Chase, Secretary 1,048.44 

DEBIT: 

Paid Warrants 1 to 211 inclusive, account disbursements. .$30, 813.11 
Paid Warrant No. 212, John Herriott. Treasurer, refund 

to State 3,000.00 

Balance on hand 1,438.82 



$35,251.93 $35,251.93 
Respectfully submitted, 

GEO. W. M-COID, 
Treasurer Iowa. T.-M. & I. Exposition Commission. 




JOHN H. \\ ALLBAXK. 

Chairman Auditing Committee. 



Report ol Auditing (ommittee dnd full Detdll 
FindncidI Stdtement 



By JOHN H. VTALLBANK, Chairmam. 



The Auditing Committee of the Iowa Trans-Mississippi and Interna- 
tional Exposition Commission beg to report as follows: 

The Twenty-sixth General Assembly appointed a Commission and ap- 
propriated ten thousand dollars ($10,000.00); the Twenty-seventh General 
Assembly made an additional appropriation of twenty-five thousand dol- 
lars ($25,000.00), making a total of thirty-nve thousand dollars ($35,000.00.) 

Since July 1, 1897, and up to the present time, your Committee have 
carefully examined into all bills and vouchers presented to them by the 
Secretary, who was the disbursing agent of the Commission. 

The vouchers were all fully itemized and properly scheduled. A com- 
plete list of the same is attached hereto and made a part of this report. 



REPORT OF AUDITING COMMITTEE. 

1897. 

July 1. J. S. Browning, salary and expenses, month of 

June, 1897 $ 125.00 

Warrant No. 1 $125.00 

June 28. R. H. Moore, commissioner, R. R. fare and 

hotel expenses 49.22 

Warrant No. 2- 49.22 



138 IOWA T-M. AND I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

June 9. H. H. Markley, P. M., postage 75.00 

Warrant No. 3 75.00 

May 26. S. B. Packard, Commissioner, railroad fare and 

hotel expenses 33.05 

Warrant No. 4 33.05 

May 27. J. E. E. Markley, Commissioner, railroad fare 

and hotel expenses 30.94 

Warrant No. 5 30.94 

May 27. John H. Wallbank, commissioner, R. R. fare 

and hotel expenses 43. 3S 

Warrant No. 6 43. 3& 

May 26. F. N. Chase, secretary, R. R. fare and hotel ex- 
penses 40.60 

Warrant No. 7 40.60 

May 26. Geo. W. McCoid, treasurer, R. R. fare and hotel 

expenses 26.93 

Warrant No. 8 26.93 

May 27. S. D. Cook, commissioner, R. R. fare and hotel 

expenses 57.25 

Warrant No. 9 57.25- 

May 26. S. H. Mallory, president, R. R. fare and hotel 

expenses 26.43 

Warrant No. 10 26. 4J 

May 27. Owen Lovejoy, commissioner, R. R. fare and 

hotel expenses 22.15 

Warrant No. 11 22.15 

July 31, J. S. Browning, salary and expenses for month 

of July 125.00 

Warrant No. 12 125. 00- 



REPORT OF AUDITING COMMITTEE. 

June 27. F. N. Chase, Secretary, disbursements — 

Western Union Telegraph Co., messages 1.28 

L. I. Sturm, stenographer 14.50 

Heywood & Son, stationery 1.01 

S. D. Childs & Co., stationery 16.81 

R. B. Drysdale, pocket seal 2.60 

B. F. White & Son, stationery 5.45 

Geo. A. Fabrick, printing 2.50 

L. I. Sturm, stenographer 27.00 

American Express Co., express 3.30 

Wells Fargo Express Co., express 70 

Illinois Central railroad, freight 1.30 

United States Express Co., express 1.85 

American Express Co., express 35 

Synder & Hurd, printing 7.25 

United States Express Co., express 1.15 

Warrant No. 13 

Aug. 5. Perkins Bros. Co., printing 100.00 

Warrant No. 14 

Aug. 2. James Rainbow, to labor collecting grain 30.00 

Warrant No. 15 

Aug. 1. L. I. Sturm, stenographer 26.00 

Warrant No. 16 

Aug. 1. A. F. Collman, R. R. fare and hotel expenses.... 7.31 

Warrant No. 17 

Avg. 24. F. N. Chase, Secretary, disbursements — 

Chas. D. Brown & Co., printing 4.50 

B. F White & Son, stationery 6.70 

United States Express Co 5.40 

C. E. McCray, cloth sign 2.00 

American Express Co 2.15 

United States Express Co 60 

Warrant No. 18 



139 



87.05 



100.00 



30.00 



26.00 



7.31 



21.35 



140 IOWA T-M. I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

Sept. 4. Owen Lovejoy, Commissioner, R. R. fare and 

hotel expenses 13.65 

Warrant No. 19 13.63 

Aug 18. S. D. Cook, commissioner, R. R. fare and hotel 

expenses 32.50 

Warrant No. 20 32.50 

Aug. 16. S. B. Packard, commissioner, R. R. fare and 

hotel expenses 25.10 

Warrant No. 21 25.10 

Sept. 14. J. E. E. Markley, commissio ner. R. R. fare 

and hotel expenses 14.85 

Warrant No. 22 14.85 

Sept. 13. Geo. W. McCoid; treasurer, R. R. fare, and 

hotel expenses 17.50 

Warrant No. 23 17.50 

Oct. 1. Fred Hethershaw, labor and expenses, gath- 
ering and packing grain 53 . 50 

Warrant No. 24 53.50 

Oct. 1. A. L. Plummer, labor and expenses, gathering 

and packing grains 35.00 

Warrant No. 25 '. 35.00 

Aug. 1. S. D. Cook, commissioner, printing and mail- 
ing circulars 55.75 

Warrant No. 26 55.75 

Aug. 10. F. N. Chase, secretary, R. R. fare and hotel 

expenses 28.31 

Warrant No. 27 23.31 

Oct. 1. L. I. Strum, stenographer 26.00 

Warrant No. 28 26.00 



REPORT OF AUDITING COMMITTE, 141 

Dec. 14. S. B. Packard, commissioner, R. R. fare and 

hotel expenses 77.51 



1898: 

Jan. 14. S. B. Packard, commissioner, R. R. fare and 

hotel expense 81.56 

Requisition warrant No. 29 150.00 

Warrant No. 62 9.07 

:897: 

Nov. 8. F. N. Chase, secretary, R. R, fare and hotel 

expenses 72.49 

1898: 

Feb. 9. F. N. Chase, secretary, R. R. fare and hotel 

expenses 64.81 

July 16. F. N. Chase, secretary, salary and expenses 

from April 4th to June 5th 397.99 

Requisition warrant No. 30 500.00 

Warrant No. 119, Bal. Req. Ac 35.29 

1897: 

July 1. R. H. Moore, commissioner, R. R. fare and 

hotel expenses 10.76 

Warrant No. 31 10.76 

Oct. 31. L. I. Sturm, stenographer 26.00 

Warrant No. 32 26.00 

Sept. 23. Geo. F. Wright, freight and express on fruit 11.40 

Warrant No. 33 11.40 

Oct. 21. H. H. Markley, P. M. Postage 29.00 

Warrant No. 34 29.00 



142 IOWA T-M. AND I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

Oct. 12. F. N. Chase, Sec'y, disbursements: 

American Express Co., express .90 

United States Express Co., express .45 

F. A. White, services as book-keeper 11.00 

Geo. A. Fabrick, printing: 3.00 

Warrant No. 35 15.35 

Sept. 30 James Rainbow, labor, packing and boxing 

grain 31.30 

Warrant No. 36 31.30 

Nov. 9. R. H. Moore, Commissioner, R. R. fare and 

hotel expenses 13.51 

Warrant No. 37 13.51 

Nov. 22. Geo. F. Wright, freight on fruit 12.66 

Warrant No. 38 12.66 

Bept. 24. A. F. Collman, R. R. fare and hotel expenses.. 8.92 

Snyder & Son, fruit 1.50 

M. G. Edwards, fruit 16.00 

H. A. Ferry, fruit 4.00 

Pat Finn, fruit 8.00 

John Wise, fruit 2.60 

J. T. Young, fruit 2.00 

A. F. Collman, fruit 54.00 

Warrant No. 39 97.02 

Sept. 20. L. G. Clute, labor and expense, furnishing 

and procuring materials in 1897; grains etc 190.40 

Warrant No. 40 190.40 

Oct. 14. F. N. Chase, Sec'y. disbursements: 

Judge Thompson, flax 6.00 

Bryant Neely Co., coal 8.50 

Li. I. Sturm, stenographer 26.00 

Adams Express Co .80 

American Express Co .45 

H. H. Markley, P. M. postage 14.00 

Warrant No. 41 55.75 



REPORT OF AUDITING COMMITTEE. 

Oct. 10. J. C. Radell, stove 12.00 

Warrant No. 42 

Oct. 11. S. D. Cook, Commissioner, R. R. fare and 

hotel expenses 47.82 

Warrant No. 43 

Oct. 17. S. H. Mallory, President, R. R. fare and hotel 

expenses 10.66 

Warrant No. 44 

Dec. 31. L. I. Sturm, stenographer 27.00 

Warrant No. 45 

1898. 

Jan. 11. R. H. Moore, Com'r, R. R. fare and hotel 

expenses 14.76 

Warrant No. 46 

Jan. 1. Wheeler, Hereld & Co., cold storage, rent 20.00 

Warrant No. 47 

Jan. 10. Ottumwa Democrat, printing- 33.20 

Warrant No. 48 

Jan. 31. S. D. Cook, commissioner, R. R. fare and 

hotel expenses 28.73 

Warrant No . 49 

Jan 31. L. I. Sturm, stenographer 26.00 

Warrant No. 50 

Dec. 28. R. H. Moore, Com'r, R. R. fare and hotel ex- 
penses 16.13 

Warrant No. 51 



143 



12.00 



47.82 



10.96 



27.00 



14.76 



20 00 



33.20 



28.75 



26.00 



16.13 



144 lOWAT-M. AND I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

Feb. 5. F. N. Chase, Sec'y, disTaursements: 

Western Union Telegraph Company 2.82 

Iowa Telephone Co 1.20 

F. A. White, book-keeper 21.00 

B. F. White & Sons, stationery 2.10 

Bryant & Neely, coal 14.55 

C. A. Wise, ink, paper, fastners 1.20 

H. H. Markley, P. M., stamps 10.00 

American Express Co .45 

Josselyn & Taylor, architects 9.00 

Western Union Telegraph Co 1.69 

Warrant No. 52 

Jan. 30. Ottumwa Democrat printing and mailing 26.35 

Warrant No. 53 

Feb. 28. B. F. Osborn, R. R. fare and hotel expenses.. 6.93 

Warrant No. 54 

Feb. 4, R. H. Moore, Com'r, R. R. fare and hotel ex- 
penses 17.17 

Warrant No. 55 

Feb. 28. L. I. Sturm, stenographer 24.00 

Warrant No. 56 

Jan. 24. John H. Wallbank, Com'r. R. R. fare and hotel 

expenses 49.46 

Warrant No . 57 

Jan. 12. A. F. Collman, R. R. fare and hotel expenses.. 11.70 

Warrant No. 58 

Mar. 31. L.. I. Sturm, stenographer 27.00 

Warrant No. 59 

1898: 

Mar. 1. Owen Lovejoy, commiFsioner R. R. fare and 

hotel expenses 17.90 

Warrant No. 60 



64.01 



26.35 



6.9a 



17.17 



24.00 



49.46- 



11. 70- 



27.00- 



17.90- 



REPORT OF AUDITING COMMITTEE. 145 

Feb. 17. S. D. Cook, commissioner, R R. fare and ho- 
tel expenses 49.00 

Warrant No. 61 49.00 

For Warrant No. 62, See Warrant No. 29. 

Mar. 24. R. H. Moore, commissioner, express, R. R. 

fare and hotel expenses 21.44 

Warrant No. 63 21.44 

Apr. 20. Josselyn & Taylor Co., to apply on contract 201.57 

Warrant No. 64 201.57 

Apr. 6. Geo. W. McCord, treasrer, R. R. fare and 

hotel expenses 44.05 

Warrant No. 65 44.05 

Apr. 20. R. H. Moore, commissioner, R. R. fare and 

hotel expenses 14.71 

Warrant No. 66 14.71 

Apr. 2. J. E. E. Markley, commissioner, R. R. fare 

and hotel expenses 10.49 

Warrant No. 67 10.49 

Apr. 20. J. H. Wallbank, commissioner, R. R. fare and 

hotel expenses 15.. ''>2 

Warrant No. 68 15.32 

Apr. 20. P. H. Wind, contractor, to apply on contract... 2000.00 

Warrant No. 69 2000.00 

Apr. 30. F. A. White, services as book-keener 46.00 

Warrant No. 70 46.00 

May 1. L. I. Sturm, stenographer 26.00 

Warrant No. 71 26.00 

Mar. 9. F. N. Chase, secretary, disbursements: 

S. D. Childs & Co., typewriter supplies 12.76 



146 IOWA T-M. AND I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

American Express Co., express .25 

H. H. Markley, P. M., stamp? 15.45 

D. E. Mihvard, expenses 14.00 

A. F. Collman, expenses 13.15 

Omaha Daily Bee, printing 8.25 

United States Express Co .25 

Wells, Fargo Express Co .85 

Van Pelt & Jayne, stenographers 13.00 

Postal Telegraph Co., telegrams .39 

M. W. Sawyer, telescope valise 1.50 

Iowa Telephone Co .80 

Western Union Telegraph Co .56 

American Express Co .65 

Wells Fargo Express Co., exoress .35 

R. B. Henderson, labor, packing grain 7.50 

American Express Co .25 

Warrant No. 72 89.96 



xS98.- 



May 24. P. H. Wind, contractor, to apply on contract .. 1000.00 

Warrant No. 73 1000.00 

May 30. D. E. Milward, decorator, to apply on con- 
tract 270.00 

Warrant No. 74 270.00 

May 30. S. D. Cook, commissioner, R. R. fare and ho- 
tel expenses 42.25 

Warrant No. 75 42.25 

May 30. F. N. Chase, secretary, disbursements: 

New Nonpareil Co., printing 5.50 

Bryant Neely Lumber Co., ccal 4.15 

U. S. Express Co., express on desk 3.00 

Durfee Furniture Co., chairs 10.00 

C, B. & Q. R. R., freight 1.S5 

C, R. I. & P. R. R., freight 1.25 

Geo. A. Fabrick, printing 3.75 

John Beno & Co., flags and taunting 13.10 

U. S. DaviP, telegraphing .70 



REPORT OF AUDITING COMMITTEE. 

Postal Telegraph Co -83 

Iowa Telephone Co 1-40 

Chas. S. Safford, rubber stamp .57 

Des Moines Leader, publishing 11.70 

Tri-City Publishing Co., publishing 13.75 

Omaha Bee Co., publishing 8.00 

Western Union Telegraph Co 4.39 

American Express Co .90 

S. D. Childs & Co., stationery 10.93 

L. O. Robinson, pins 30 

Trans-Mississippi and International Exi)Osi- 

tion 3.00 

Warrant No. 76 

May 30. H. H. Markley, P. M., stamps 35.50 

Warrant No. 77 

May 31. J. E. E. Markley, commissicner, R. R. fare 

and hotel expenses 8.73 

Warrant No. 78 

June 2. L. I. Sturm, stenographer 12.00 

Warrant No. 79 

June 2. Rand & Leopold Desk Co 21.00 

Warrant No. SO 

June 2. D. E. Milward, decorator, to apply on con- 
tract 670.00 

Warrant No. 81 

June 2. S. B. Packard, commissioner, R. R. fare and 

hotel expenses and telegraphing 50.14 

Warrant No. 82 

June 2. Grand Hotel Co., office rent 25.00 

^Varrant No. 83 



147 



99.07 



35.50 



8.73 



12.00 



21.00 



670.00 



50.14 



25.00 



148 IOWA T-M. AND I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

June. 2. Owen Lovejoy, commissioner, R. R. fare and 

hotel expenses g.35 

Warrant No. 84 g.35 

June 2. J. F. Merry, commissioner, hotel expenses 13.25 

Warrant No. 85 13.25 

June. 2. P. H. Wind, contractor, to apply on con- 
tract 533.20 

Warrant No. 87 533.20 

June 2. P. H. Wind, to apply on contract 2,000.00 

Warrant No. 86 2,000.»0 

June 2. D. E. Mihvard, decorator, to apply on con- 
tract , 469.80 

Warrant No. 88 469.80 

June 11. D. E. Milward, decorator, to apply on con- 
tract 270.00 

Warrant No. 89 270.00 

July 1. J. F. Merry, commissioner, Oratorio club ex- 
pense Dedication Day 150.00 

Warrant No. 90 150.00 

July 23. S. D. Cook, commissioner, R. R. fare and hotel 

expenses 33. 90 

Warrant No. 91 33.90 

June 24. P. H. Wind, contractor, to apply on contract. 1,000.00 

Warrant No. 92 1,000.00 

June 23. Heywood Bros. & Wakefield Co., furniture 333.93 

Warrant No. 93 333.93 

June 23. Owen Lovejoy, commissioner, R. R. fare and 

hotel expenses 29.40 

Warrant No. 94 29.40 



REPORT OF AUDITING COMMITTEE. 

June 23. R. H. Moore, commissioner, R. R. fare and 

hotel expenses 30.17 

Warrant No . 95 

July 1. F. N. Chase, secretary, disbursements: 

Wm. Welch, drayage 

Exposition Transfer Co 

Postal Telegraph Co 

Exposition Transfer Co 

Conway & Shaw, printing 

H. L. Chase & Co., clocks 

Crescent Mfg. Co. scrubbers and window 
cleaners 

C. R. I. & P. freight 

A. D. T. Express Co., express 

Saul J. Howe, official programs 

J. A. Wakefitld, express 

American Express Co 

Western Union Telegraph Co 

Postal Telegraph Co 

G. E. Thode, expenses 

R. H. Snowden, expenses 

Western Union. Telegraph Co 

D. W. Bushnell, receipt and bill books 

Adams Express Co 

J. D. Crockwell, mirror 

The Daily Bee. subscription 

Western Union Telegraph Co 

1S98: 

July 1. United States Express Co 1.30 

G. W. Butts, labor 1.00 

World Publishing Co, subscription .50 

D. W. Bushnell, office merchandise 1.85 

Guy Moulton, services > 8.25 

Iowa Telephone Co., toll and service .95 

A. Hospe, hauling 7.00 

Western Telephone Co., toll and service 8.35 

Hayden Bros., merchandise 2.90 



149 



1 


.00 




.25 


1 


.30 


>0 


.28 


1 


.00 


4 


.50 


3 


.35 


4 


.77 


3 


.45 


2 


.00 


1 


.35 




.90 


3 


.18 




.77 


1 


.33 


5 


.40 


1. 


,26 




,35 




,30 




45 




60 




35 



30.17 



150 IOWA T-M. AND I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

C. T. Lindley, expense 15.28 

C. T. Lindley, show case 13.50 

Warrant No. 96 119.02 

July 1. F. N. Chase, secretary, disbursements: 

I. M. Treynor, stamps 14.00 

Nebraska Boiler Compound Co., floor oiling 16.00 

American District Telegraph' Co 24.25 

Bee Publishing Co., printing 8.00 

Grand Hotel Co., office rent 25.00 

New Nonpareil Co., printing 41.00 

Council Bluffs and Omaha Transfer Co 8.00 

Palace Stables, carriages 30.00 

Warrant No. 97 166.25 

June 23. D. E. Milward, contractor, to apply on con- 
tract 270.00 

Warrant No. 98 270.00 

June 30. J. F. Merry, commissioner, hctel expenses 19.00 

Warrant No. 99 19.00 

June 30. P. H. Wind, contractor, final payment 1795.00 

Warrant No. 100 1795.00 

June 23. Owen Lovejoy, commissioner, R. R. fare and 

hotel expenses 29.65 

Warrant No. 101 29.63 

June 23. J. H. Wallbank, commissioner, R. R. fare 

and hotel expenses 59.64 

Warrant No. 102 59.64 

June 23. J. E. E. Markley, commissioner, R. R. fare 

and hotel expenses 23.66 

Warrant No. 103 23.66 

June 23. New York Plumbing Co., payment of contract . 450.00 

Warrant No. 104 450.00 



REPORT OF AUDITING COMMITTEE. 

July 1. Markel Catering Co 201.60 

Warrant No. 105 

July 1. D. E. Milward, decorator, payment horticultu- 
ral contract 393.00 

Warrant No. 106 

July 1- Lester L. Tilden, Atlantic band Decoration day 100.00 
Warrant No. 107 

July 1. Trans-Mississippi and International Exposi- 
tion, labor on grounds 32.60 

Warrant No. 108 

July* 7. New Murray Hotel, expense Dedication Day.. 51.25 

Warrant No. 109 

July 7. Heywood Bros. & Wakefield Co., Furniture... 41.75 

Warrant No. 110 .■• 

July 7. R. H. Moore, commissioner, R. R. fare and 

hotel expenses '62. 3i 

Printing '-^^ 

Warrant No. Ill 

July 7. J. E. E. Markley, commissioner, R. R. fare 

and hotel expenses 26.45 

Warrant No. 112 

July 25. H. H. Markley, P. M., stamps 50.00 

Warrant No. 113 

July 1. Hayden Bros., merchandise: 

Two hoop pails -^^ 

One step ladder ^--^ 

Two dozen baskets 1'" 

One dozen baskets, 1-2 bushel size l-"5 

Binding twine ^-^^ 

Stove wire '^^ 



151 



201.60 



393.00 



100.00 



32.60 



51.25 



41.75 



39.62 



26.45 



50.00 



152 IOWA T-M. AND I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

Nails 4 10 

^^ails 5.g5 

Tacks 1.50 

Tacks .65 

Cotton twine 50 

Hemp twine 2.00 

Empty barrels 2.40 

Empty barrels 3.00 

White lead H.OO 

Varnish 4 50 

Japan Drj^er .40 

Turpentine .90 

Boiled oil .52 

Burnt Umber .13 

Lemon Chrome l.OO 

Paint brushes 3.50 

Assorted Fitches .50 

Tin cups 20 

Brooms 50 

Step ladder . jj5 

Tacks 125 

1 gal. can 20 

2 gal. can 20 

5 gal. can 35 

Venetian i-ed .10 

Lamp black 15 

Tin cups 20 

Cloth 4 12 

Cloth 376 

Cloth 4 12 

Oil cloth 1 92 

Cloth 10.05 

Cotton flannel 5 g3 

Calico 2.06 

Two bed springs and mattresses 10.50 

Pillows ,. 1 00 

^'■^sser 4 85 

Stand 150 

Toilet set 1 gg 

Toilet set 3.75 

^I^^J'oi's 3.50 



REPORT OF AUDITING COMMITTEE. 153 

Pins -10 

Hair brushes 1-00 

Toweling 1-50 

Soap ■ .50 

Rope -30 

Glass tumblers 1-00 

Matting TO. 00 

Laying and paper 10.00 

Oil cloth 9-75 

Laying 1-95 

Cocoa Matting IS. 00 

Window curtains 51.80 

Hanging 7.00 

Border 2.40 

Pillows 2.00 

Comforts 3.50 

Sheets 4.20 

Slips 1.00 

Matting 8.00 

Laying same 1-60 

Shades 3.45 

Shades l-"0 

Hanging same •• -50 

Window curtains 7.40 

Door curtains 2.40 

Transoms 1.85 

Hanging draperies 1.50 

Awnings 22.00 

Hanging 6.00 

Crash toweling 3 . 60 

Towel racks -80 

Soap 1.00 

Mops and pails 5.20 

Brooms and towels 5.20 

Plates for fruit 32.00 



405.84 
Less credit slip overcharge 1.30 



404.54 
Warrant No. 114 404.54 



154 IOWA T-M. AND EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

July 25. S. B. Packai-d, commissioner, R. R. fare and 

hotel expenses 62.45 

Warrant No. 115 62.45 

July 46. F. N. Chase, secretary, disbursements: 

Paxton Hotel, state day expense T.50 

Palace Stables, carriages 3.00 

Omaha Street Railway 5.00 

Hayden Bros., merchandise -20 

Am.erican District Telephone Co 2.00 

Adams Express Co 5.00 

C. Thomson, lamps and oil 2.05 

C. R. I. & P., freight 5.44 

Hayden Bros., towels -60 

Western Union Telegraph Co •'^5 

F. N. Chase, revenue stamps 3.00 

Ed. H. Wilson, one packing trunk 4.00 

Guy Moulton, labor 4.i5 

Nebi-aska Boiier Compound Co., oiling floor... 5.00 

A. S. Forbes, labor l-'i'5 

J. A. Fuller & Co., paints, glass and putty... 1.75 

Warrant Xo. 116 51.79 

1898. 

July. 16. C. T. Lindley, ten tapestry paintings 250.00 

Warrant No. 117 250.00 

July 16 F. N. Chase, secretary, disbursements: 

Exposition Transfer Co., freight and drayage 68.40 

Exposition Transfer Co., draj age -50 

Exposition Transfer Co., drayage 9.72 

"Van Court & Wise, making gravel walks 48.55 

S. H. M. Byers, service 25.00 

Marshall Paper Co., stationey 18.92 

A. Booth Packing Co., storage 5.00 

Des Moines Fence Co., settets 32.50 

Warrant No. 118 208.53 

For Warrant No. 119, See Warrant No. 30. 



FIHPORT OF AI'DITIXG COMMITTEE. 155 

July 1. F. N. Chase, secretary, pay loU No. 1, from 

June 1st to July 1st, 1S98 744.68 

Warrant No. 120 744.68 



Aug. 2. F. N. Chase, secretary, disbuisements: 

J. S. Rosland, monkey wrench -25 

United States Express Co., ej press -96 

C. Thorston, oil -^^ 

Western Union Telegraph ^o 1-35 

Webster Howard, insurance 22.50 

Webster Howard, insurance 45.00 

Johnson Hardware Co.. hare ware l.Oo 

James Jacoby, drayage 1-50 

C. A. Wise & Sons, letter files -35 

Nebi-aska Telephone Co., sei vice 4.60 

American District Telephone Co.. service -80 

Exposition Transfer Co., draj age 2.40 

Exposition Transfer Co., drayage l-2o 

Carpenter Paper Co., statiorery -55 

Bureau of Admissions, photo passes 25.00 

J. J. Deright, rent on safe 19.00 

Exposition Transfer Co 6.00 

D. E. Mi'ward, experse 28.55 

J. F. Wilcox, on contract 190.50 

Warrant No. 121 



351.91 



Aug. 2. S. H. Mallory, president, R R. fare and ho- 
tel expenses 1 1 . 78 

Warrant No. 122 '''' ■'^^ 

Aug. 2. F. N. Chase, secretary, distursements, sal- 
ary and expenses 213. oi 

Warrant No. 123 213.57 

Aug. 2. Malvern Cold Storage Co., fruit 91-00 

Warrant No. 124 ^-■'^^ 

Aug. 2. S. D. Cook, commissioner. R. R. fare and 

hotel expenses 39.95 



Warrant No. 125 



39.95 



156 IOWA T-M. AND I. EX.POS1TIOX COMMISSION. 

Aug. 2. F. N. Chase, secretary, pay r.)ll No. 2, from 

July 1st to Aug. 1st, 1898 811.12 

Warrant No. 126 811.12 

Aug. 15. F. N. Chase, secretary, disbursements: 

Council Bluffs and Omaha Transfer Co 4.00 

Markel Catering Co., catering 14.20 

H. L. Chase & Co., duplicate tags I.OO 

Has'den Bros., pens, penholders 1.2.3 

Mrs. Cora Harris, laundry 5. 05 

C. Thorston, oil .65 

J A. Fuller & Co., glass .3.43 

^Mai'sh & Smith, grain and sacks 6.10 

Wheeler & Hereld, rent of Warehouse 22.. 50 

Wheeler & Hereld, rent of Cold storage .32.00 

Wheeler & Hereld, repacking apples 3.50 

Warrant No. 127 93.71 

Aug. 29. R. H. Moore, commissioner, R. R. fare and 

hotel expenses 28 . 42 

Warrant No. 128 28.42 

Aug. 29. J. E. E. Markley, commissioner, R. R. fare 

and hotel expenses 19.65 

Wairant No. 129 ^ 19.65 

Aug. 7. F. X. Chase, secretarj^ pay roll No. 3, from 

Aug. 1 to Aug. 7, 1898 181.78 

Warrant No. 130 181.78 

Aug. 15. Hayden Bros., merchandise: 

Dresser 6.85 

Table 6.85 

Chair .3.5 

Cuspidors 2.94 

Rubber mats 6.00 

Wire mats 3.75 

Matting 10.00 

Labor, laying 1.00 

Bed 2.. 50 



REPORT OF AUDITING COMMITTEE. 157 

Mattress I.75 

Springs 1.00 

Pillows 1.00 

Sheets I.05 

Pillow cases .25 

('Dmfort 1.00 

Stool .90 

Picture wire .75 

Mosquito bar .35 

Spoons 25 

Bowls 50 

Dusters qq 

(Classes 1 00 

"Ti-ays ,30 

Dust pans ,40 

Mops ,50 

Mosquito bar .3.5 

Bunting- 26.51 

Warrant No. 131 7S.70 

Aug-. 15. F. N. Chase, secretary, salary and expenses. ITS. SO 

Warrant No. 132 178.80 

Aug. 14. F. N. Chase, secretary, pay loll No. 4, from 

Aug 7th until Aug. 14th, 1S9S 163.72 

Warrant No. 133 163.72 

1898. 

Aug. 21. F. N. Chase, secretary, pay roll No. .'1. from 

Aug. 14th to Aug. 21st, 1898 132.98 

Error, refunded to Treasurer McCoid (See 

Journal, Page 193) 8.64 

Warrant No. 1.34 141.62 

Aug. 25. A. F. Collman, fruit, freight and expenses . 132.85 

Warrant No. 135 132.85 

Aug. 15. F. N. Chase, secretary, salaiy and expenses 

Aug 5th to Sept. 5th, 1898 ISO. 55 

Warrant No. 136 180.55 



158 IOWA T-M. AND I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

Sept. 12. F. N. Chase, secretary, disbuisements: 

Geo. A. Hoagland, lumber and nails 8.90 

D. C. Wells, decorations 25.00 

Craig McQuaid, photo passes 8.00 

D. E. Milward, expenses 15.00 

E. B. Egan, labor .3.00 

O. A. Boehme, photo passes 6.00 

Omaha Street Railway Co 5.00 

A. Booth Packing Co 2 . 70 

Wyckoff, Seamans & Benedict, carbon paper 1.00 

E. B. Egan, labor 4.50 

Mossman & Dolliver Co., printing 10.. 50 

E. D. Allen Decorating Co., decorations .... 23.80 

Alfred Bloom, labor and drayage 7 JO 

New Nonpareil Co., printing 4.25 

J. A. Fullt^r, lime and oil .65 

Error, refunded to Treasurer McCoid, (See 

Journal, Page 193) 26.85 

Warrant No. 137 152.85 

Sept. 4. F. N. Chase, secretary, pay roll No. 7, Aug. 

28th to Sept. 4th 225.30 

Warrant No. 138 225.30 

Sept. 15. Josselyn & Taylor, to apply on contract 101.45 

Warrant No. 139 101.45 

Sept. 12. L. G. Clute, to services, grain glassware and 
other expenses and material for agricultural 

exhibit 418.89 

Warrant No. 140 418.89 

Sept. 12. C. T. Lindsay, R. R. fare and expenses 40.25 

Warrant No. 141 40.25 

Sept. 12. Hayden Bros., merchandise: 

Oilcloth .30 

Thread .10 

Needles .05 

Pens '. .25 



REPORT OF AUDITING COMMITTEE. 159 

Towels 1.00 

Crash 1.25 

Needles .05 

Mirrors 1.00 

Ink .50 

Mat.s 2.00 

Hair brush .50 

Hair brush .25 

Comb .15 

Comb .25 

Wisk brooms .30 

Brooms 1.80 

Mops .60 

Soap 1.00 

Cloth 34.96 

Warrant No. 142 46.31 



Sept. 12. F. M. Chase, secretary, disbursements: 

Western Union Telegraph Co 4.26 

Exposition Ice Co 41.80 

American District Telegraph Co 1.30 

C. Thorston, oil .70 

Hayden Bros., merchandise 9.95 

Graham Drug Co., rat poison .,50 

A. D. T. Co., express .15 

A. Richman, hardware .20 

C. M. Howe, paper weights 1.50 

C. & N. W. R. R .98 

Hayden Bros., chain 3.29 

Warrant No. 143 64.63 

Aug. 21. F. N. Chase, secretary, pay roll No. 6, from 

* Aug. 21 until Aug. 2Sth, 1898 125.30 

Warrant No. 144 125.30 

Sept. 15. S. B. Packard, commissioner, R. R. fare and 

hotel expenses 27.60 

Warrant No. 145 27.60 



160 IOWA T-M. AND I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

Sept. 15. S. B. Packard, commissioner, R. R. fare and 

hotel expenses 39 . 65 

Warrant No. 146 39.65 

Sept. 15. Geo. W. McCoid, treasurer, R. R. fare and 

hotel expenses 28.30 

Warrant No. 147 28.30 

Sept. 15. S. D. Cook, commissioner, R. R. fare and 

hotel expenses 32 . 70 

Warrant No. 148 32.70 

Sept. 12. H. H. Markley, P. M., stamps, 26.00 

Warrant No. 149 26.00 

Oct. 3. Whitehead & Hoag Co., souvenir buttons 263.00 

Warrant No. 150 263.00 

Oct. 1. Herman Knapp, commandant Agricultural 

college cadets 450 . 00 

Warrant No. 151 450.00 

Oct. 1. E. W. Hart, services of Council Bluffs band. 50.00 

Warrant No. 152 50.00 

Oct. 1. New Nonpareil Co., printing 101.74 

Warrant No. 153 10174 

1898: 

» 
Oct. 1. Ladies' band of Eldora, service.? 125.00 

Warrant No. 154 125.00 

Oct. 1. R. H. Moore, commissioner, R. R. fare and 

hotel expenses 31.12 

Warrant No. 155 31.12 



REPORT OF AUDITING COMMITTEE. 161 

Oct. 11. F. N. Chas-e, secretary, pay roll No. 8 from 

Sept. 4th to Sept. 11th, 189S 126.26 

Error, refunded to Treasurer MeCoid, (See 

Journal, Page 193) 6.00 

Warrant No. 156 132.26 

Oct. 18. F. N. Chase, secretary, pay roll No. 9, from 

Pept. 11th. to Sept. ISth, 189J 119.81 

Warrant No. 1.57 119.81 

Oct. 11. J. E. E. Markley, commission?r, R. R. fare 

and hotel expenses 52.94 

Warrant No. 13S .' 52.94 

(~)ct. 11. S. D. Cook, commissioner, R. R. fare and ho- 
tel expenses 46.40 

Warrant No. 159 46.40 

Sept. 11. J. E. E. Markley, commissioner, R. R. fare 

and hotel expenses 45.96 

Warrant No. 160 45.96 

Oct. 1. Wm. Hortop, decorations 60.00 

Warrant No. 161 60.00 

Oct. 1. F. N. Chase, secretary, di; bursements: 

C. Thorston, oil 2.65 

Postal Telegraph Co .60 

Western Union Telegraph Co 6.06 

Omaha Rubber and Stamp Works, badge ... 1.00 

L. I. Sturm, stenographer 3.00 

H. L. Chase & Co., duplicate tags 2.00 

Carpenter Paper Co., statiorery 5.51 

Geo. A. Fabrick, printing 2.00 

Craig McQuaid, photo passes ■ 4.00 

O. M. Oleson, P. M., stamps 3.50 

Craig McQuaid, photo passes 2.00 

Geo. A. Hoagland, lumber 2.85 

E. Martin, P. M., stamps 5.00 

F. J. Sutcliffe, stenographer 5.00 



162 IOWA T-M. AND I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

Delone Egan, labor 8.10 

Geo. A. Hoagland, lumber 7.65 

Euclid Martin, P. M., stamps .3.00 

A. D. T. Co, express .2.5 

C, M. & St. P. R. R., freight 5.68 

Omaha St. Ry. Co., checks 5 . 00 

Exposition Ice Co., ice 8.37 

Geo. A. Hoagland, lumber 4.50 

Omaha Paper Box Co .40 

A. D. T. Co., express 2.00 

W. T. Thacher, labor 2.00 

Snyder & Hurd, printing 2.50 

P. Carleton, signs 32.25 

E. D. Allen, Decorating Co., decorations 3.00 

Dudley Buck, music 15.00 

Wells Fargo Express Co., express 12.15 

I. Kaughman, music 17.00 

E. D. Allen, signs 9.00 

Warrant No. 162 183.02 

Oct. 21. John F. Merry, commissioner, hotel expense. 17.00 

Warrant No. 163 17.00 

Oct. 21. S. B. Packard, commissioner, R. R. fare and 

hotel expenses 51.07 

Warrant No. 164 51.07 

Oct. 21. F. N. Chase, secretary, salary and expenses.. 182.75 

Warrant No. 165 182.75 

Oct. 21. Omaha Club, catering 198.15 

Warrant No. 166 198.15 

Oct. 21. A. F. Collman, express and fruit 60.93 

Warrant No. 167 60.93 

Oct. 21. F. N. Chase, secretary, disbursements: 

Mrs. Sanford Harris, laundry 24.09 

Trans-Mississippi and International Co., 



REPORT OF AUDITING COMMITTEE. 163 

water ^^-^^ 

Omaha Street Railway Co., car checks 10.00 

H. L. Chase & Co., Duplicate tags 2.00 

Geo. A. Hoagland, lumber 23.00 

Grand Hotel '^ -^^ 

Sterling Boiler Compound Co, oil 7-10 

H. Darey, labor ^-^^ 

Euclid Martin, P. M., stamps 5-00 

E. B. Egan, labor 1^.85 

Iowa Agricultural College, expenses 24.12 

Craig McQuaid, photo passes 5.00 

F. N. McDowell, flags 6.00 

C. Thorston, oil 1-^*' 

Hayden Bros., Duster and tacks -"0 

Martin & Johnson, coal '^•^^ 

New York Plumbing Co., plumbing- 42.28 

L. G. Clute, expenses 2.39 

Paxton hotel, expenses 9-^^ 

N. F. Frauchere, music 2.00 

N. E. Delanjee, saddle horses 6.00 

Palace stables, carriages 45.00 

Hess & Swoboda, flowers 4 . 90 

Hey wood Bros. & Wakefield Co 2.25 

Error, refunded to Treasurer McCoid, (See 

Journal, page 193 4.00 

Warrant No. 16S 287.29 

Sept. 25. F. N. Chase, secretary, pay roll No. 10, from 

Sept. 18th to Sept. 25th, 1893 124.23 

Warrant No. 169 124.23 

Oct. 9. F. N. Chase, secretary, pay roll No. 12, from 

Oct. 2nd to Oct. 9th, 1898 149.61 

Warrant No. 170 149.61 

Oct. 2. F. N. Chase, secretary, pay roll No. 11, from 

Sept. 25th to Oct. 2nd, 1898 408.31 

Warrant No. 171 



Nov. 10. John H. Wallbank, commissioner, R. R. fare 
and hotel expeni 
Warrant No. 172 



408.31 



and hotel expenses 69.09 



69.09 



15i IOWA T-M. AND I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

r.'ov. 10. K. H. Moore, commissioner, R. R. fare and 

hotel expenses 30.22 

Warrant No. 173 30.22 

Nov. 10. Owen Lovejoy, commissioner, R. R. fare and 

hotel expenses 31.95 

Warrant No. 174 31.95 

Nov. 10. Owen Lovejoy, commissioner, R. R. fare and 

hotel expenses 32.75 

Warrant No. 175 32 . 75 

Nov. 10. F. N. Chase, secretary, disbursements: 

New York Plumbing Co 7.90 

Exposition Transfer Co., drayage .25 

Exposition Telephone Co., seivice 22.50 

U. S. Treasury Department, revenue stamps . 5.00 

Euclid Martin, P. M., Ptamp? 5.00 

Craig McQuaid, passes 2.00 

Euclid Martin, P. M., stamps 20.00 

American District Telegraph Co 1.60 

Wm. Hortop, decorations 25.00 

Carpenter Paper Co., stationery 15.68 

L. J. Hendershot, badges 15.00 

Hess & Swoboda, flowers 2.25 

F. A. Rhinehart, photographs 10.00 

American District Telegraph Co .60 

Hayden Bros., merchandise 2.80 

Exposition Ice Co 22.88 

C. Thorston, oil 5.60 

Markel Catering Co., catering 29.00 

E. A. Hess, fruit 49 . 25 

J. W^. Murphy, fruit and expenses 28.33 

Warrant No. 176 270. bt 

Nov. 10. Hayden Bros., merchandise: 

Matting 8.40 

Lemons -80 

Sugar .50 

Cigars 6.00 

Wire and hooks • .25 



REPORT OF AITD1TIN(} COMMITTEE. 



16'> 



Lamp . . . 
Tunifcler.s 
Soap .... 



Railing 

Lye 

Vai'nish 

Ir.lv 

Ink 

Combs 

Stove pipe 

Elbows 

Dampers 

Stove board . . . . 

Thimble 

Flue stop 

Coal hod 

Fire shovel . . . . 

Oil Stoves 

Lamps 

Jug 

Labor 

Plates 

Stove 

Warrant No. IT' 



7.00 
.60 

1.44 

• 

6.00 
.24 
.15 
.10 

1.00 
.40 

1.00 
.20 
.10 
..50 
.65 
.0.5 
.30 
.05 

8.50 

14.00 

.20 

5.00 
.20 

9.00 



72.63 



Oct. 16. F. N. Chase, secretary, pay roll No. 13, from 

Oct. 9th to Oct. 16th, .1898 

Warrant No . 178 



149.61 



149.61 



Oct. 23. F. N. Chase, secretary, pay r.jll No. 14, from 
Oct. 16th to Oct. 23, 1898 



Warrant No. 179. 



149.61 



149.61 



Nov. 28. F. N. Chase, secretary, disbursements: 

Hay den Bros., merchandise 

United States Express Co 

Omaha fiubber Stamp Works, badg-e 

P. H. Wind, insurance 

United States Express Co 

Bee Publishing- Co., publishing 

John A. O'Neill, plumbing 



O..DD 

.75 
1.00 
109.00 
1.80 
3.00 
3.50 



166 IOWA T-M. AND I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

New Nonpariel Co., printing 5.00 

American Express Co -^^ 

J. C. Stafford 8.15 

Martin & Johnson, coal ^■'^^ 

Exposition Ice Co 1 • ^^ 

Western Union Telegraph Co -35 

F. A. Rheinhart, photographs 8.00 

World Publishing Co., publishing 3.80 

Hayden Bros., merchandise -60 

Trans-^Mississippi and International Exposi- 
tion, water 12.00 

J. A. Fuller & Co -25 

Western Union Telegraph Co -80 

Perkins Bros. Co., stationery 10.25 

Martin & Johnson, coal 4.50 

Mrs. Cora Harris, laundry &-51 

Carpenter Paper Co., stationery 1.80 

Wyckoff, Seamans & Benedict, type-writing 

Machine 90-00 

Western Union Telegraph Co -25 

F. A. Rhinehart, photographs 4.00 

A. Newman, oil -65 

C. Thorston, oil 3.60 

■, ' Sutcliffe & Sutcliffe, stenographers 12.00 

Murray Hotel 54 . 75 

Hayden Bros 11-25 

■ , J. W. Murphy, expenses and fruit ,. 29.90 

E. V. Wright, fruit 2.03 

Davenport Furniture Co 5.00 

U. S. Express, express 6.75 

Iowa Agricultural College, exhibit 17.65 

Warrant No. 180 434.06 

Nov. 19. S. D. Cook, commissioner, R. R. fare and 

hotel expenses 35.40 

Warrant No. 181 35.40 

Nov. 19. R. H. Moore, commissioner, R. R. fare and 

hotel expenses 28 . 02 

Warrant No. 182 28.02 



REPORT OF AUDITING COMMITTEE. 167 

1898 . 

Nov. 19. Geo. W. McCoid, treasurer, R R. fare and ho- 
tel expenses 8.30 

Warrant No. 183 8-30 

Nov. 19. Geo. W. McCoid, treasurer, R R. fare and ho- 
tel expenses 16.60 

Warrant No. 184 16.60 

Dec. 13. S. B. Packard, commissioner, R. R. fare and 

hotel expenses 52.97 

Warrant No. 185 52.97 

Dec. 13. F. N. Chase, secretary, salary and expenses 189.50 

Warrant No. 186 189.50 

Dec. 13. J. E. E. Markley, commissicner, R. R. fare 

and hotel expenses 20.60 

Warrant No. 187 20.60 

Dec. 13. F. N. Chase, secretary, pay roll No. 15, from 

Oct. 23rd to Oct. 29th, 1898 145.16 

Warrant No. 188 145.16 

Dec. 13. F. N. Chase, secretary, pay roll. No. 16 199.31 

Warrant No. 189 199.31 

Dec. 17. F. N. Chase, superintendent and secretary, 

pay roll. No. 17 108.61 

Warrant No. 190 108.61 

Dec. 17. F. N. Chase, superintendent and secretary 
disbursements: 

John O. OwenB Transfer Co., as per bill 26.95 

New Murray Hotel, as per bill 18.75 

U. S. Express Co., as per bill 1-75 

American Express Co., as pe- bill .35 

C. R., I. & P. R. R., as per bill 134 

American Express Co , as per bill 2.60 



IGS IOWA T-M. AND I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

P. H. Wind, as per bill 354.62 

Craig McQuaid, as per bill 2.00 

F. A. Rinehart, as per bill 16.00 

Exposition Telephone Co., as per bill 8.30 

G. E. Thode, as per bill 9.30 

C, B. & Q. R. R., as per bill 1.50 

American Express Co., as per bill 1 60 

B., C. R. & N. R. R., as per b:l'. 17.47 

H. Lancaster, as per bill 20.00 

J. F. Wilcox, as per bill 5.00 

Bryant Neely Lumber Co., as per bill 7.75 

Warrant No. 191 

Dec. 17. F. N. Chase, secretary, salary and expenses . 161.. 30 

Warrant No. 192 



495.28 



161.30 



Dec. 17. Rand & Leopold Desk Co., fui ni.shing-.s, used 
as part of the exhibit, to be sold or return- 
ed at the clo?e of the expos tion. For pro- 
ceeds, see Salvage Account: 

1 No. 0367 antique desk 86.00 

1 No. H89 antique T. W. desk 40.00 

1 No. 13 mahogany desk .50.00 

1 No. 431 antique desk, K. D 22.00 

INo. 397 antique desk 54.00 

1 No. 358 antique table, K. D 36.00 

1 No. 354 antique table, K. D 32.00 

1 No. 6S2 antique table K. D 64.00 

1 No. M256 antique desk with filing closet... 40.00 

1 No. 21 antique desk 11.03 

40 per cent, off (Cat No. 20) 

Warrant No. 193 

Dec. 17. A. Ho?pe, Jr., for packing ard boxing art ex- 
hibit 60.00 

For express and freight prepaid by him ... 44.32 

Warrant No. 194 



;435.00 
174.00 



$261.00 



261.00 



104.32 



REPORT OF AUDITING COMMITTEE. 



I A* 



1S99: 



Jan. 31. S. B. Packard, live stock d( partment, dis- 
bursements, freight and terminal charges on 
live stock from Iowa: 

John Henderson, Panora, 35.00 

Iowa Agricultural College, Ames 118.34 

W. L. De Clow, Cedar Rapids 76.00 

G. E. Ward, Hawarden .54.74 

E. Lefebure. Fairfax 62.68 

Albert Harrah, Newton 48.50 

W. B. Barney, Hampton 62.40 

J. H. Van Buren, Quimby 14.60 

L. E. Williams, Glenwood 27.29 

A. J. Lytle, Oskaloosa 47.00 

Chas. Escher & Sons, Botna 35.93 

Blakely & Co., Grinnell 39.80 

A. J. Tittsworth, Avoca 67.65 

Hoover & Harrison, Oskaloofa 39.98 

J. Evans, Jr., & Sons. Emerson 30.04 

S. A. Converse, Cresco 64.93 

Ed. Wineland, Avoca 30.60 

G. F. Marshall, Monroe 46.40 

J. R. Westrope, Harlan 33.00 

Wm. Roberts, Paton 43.61 

C. Gloe, Clinton 8.80 

Harvey Johnson, Logan 34.02 

Richie Bros., St. Charles 11.15 

F. M. McDarmid, Cumberland 37.90 

A. W. Albertson & Son, Inwood 23.95 

Ida H. Haworth, New Sharon 43.00 

W. A. McHenry, Denison 36.83 

A. C. Binnie, Alta 45.94 

J. T. Kinsell, Mt. Ayr 57.89 

Peter Hopley, Lewis .50.84 

John Cresswell, Bonaparte 53.80 

Chas. Norton, Corning 31.99 

James A. Loughridge, Sigourney 49.94 

J. :,!. Hughes, Lurav 28.08 



Warrant No. 195, (issued to F. N. Chase, for 
disburseinents in live stock department).. 



1,432.6B 



170 IOWA T-M. AND I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

Jan. 31. F. N. Chase, secretary, disbursements to S. 

D. Cook, commissioner's expenses 37.55 

Warrant No. 196 37.55 

Jan. 31. F. N. Chase, secretary, salary and expenses. 109.53 

Warrant No. 197 109.53 

Jan. 31. F. N. Chase, secretary, disbursement: 

Exposition Transfer Co .50 

L. I. Sturm, stenographer 12.00 

Horace M. Rebok 2.50 

Horace M. Rebok 1.50 

Conway & Shaw 1.00 

S. A. Rockwell «& Co 1.25 

Iowa Agricultural College 8.98 

G. E. Thode 27.45 

C. F. Lindley, U. S. Exp .31 

U. S. Express Co .30 

Wells Fargo & Co., express 1.00 

Iowa Telephone Co .70 

John O. Owens 1.50 

H. H. Markley, P. .M 16.34 

J. R. Schaffer 19.20 

Bryant Neeley Lumber Co... 6.05 

American Express Co .25 

Wells Fargo & Co., express .30 

A. McDonald 1.50 

Hayden Bros 5.50 

Warrant No. 198 108.13 

Feb. 16. C. T. Lindley, expenses, Art department 30.50 

Warrant No. 199 30.50 

Feb. 15. F. N. Chase, superintendent and secretary disbursements: 

L. G. Clute 73.27 

S. D. Childs & Co 10.50 

American Express Co .25 

S. D. Childs & Co 2.50 

J. E. Butler 33.00 

S. A. Rockwell & Co .25 



REPORT OF AUDITING COMMITTEE. 



171 



Iowa Telephone Co 4.50 

H. H. Markley, P. M 17.00 

L. I. Sturm 14.00 

American Express Co -25 

American Express Co -30 

American Express Co 1-10 

Blue Line Transfer Co li!.65 

U. S. Express Co -60 

U. S. Express Co .35 

F. N. Cliase, secretary 6.20 

Wells Fargo Express Co -30 

Wells Fargo Express Co .10 

Warrant No. 200 177. It 

Mar. 7. F. N. Chase, superintendent and secretary's 

salary, Jan. 5th to Feb. 4th 125.00 

Warrant No. 201 125.00 

May 1. F. N. Chase, superintendent and secretary, 
disbursements: 

L. I. Sturm 17.00 

C. & N. W. R. R 1.31 

J. A. Schmidt 5.00 

American Express Co 1.35 

Adams Express Co 1 . 70 

Peter Mouw, live stock 44.90 

Snyder & Hurd 1.25 

Wells, Fargo & Co., express .26 

American Express Co .12 

United States Express Co .26 

Bryant Neeley Lumber Co 8 . 30 

L. L Sturm 17.00 

H. H. Markley 6.00 

Warrant No. 202 104.45 

Mar. 10. F. N. Chase, superintendent and secretary, 

salary and expenses 54.87 

Warrant No. 203 54.87 

June 12. S. H. Mallory, expense account 66. 64 

Warrant No. 204 6S.64 



172 lOWJ. T-M. AND I. EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

J. E. E. Markley, expense account 12.43 

Wa ri-a n t No. 20.5 12.43 

R. H. Moore, expense account 17.. 58 

Warrant No. 206 17.58 

John H. Wallbank, expense account 18.42 

Warrant No. 207 18.42 

S. D. Cook, expense account 25. ID 

Warrant No. 208 25.10 

Allan Dawson, expense account 28.00 

Warrant No. 209 28.00 

Geo. W. McCoid, experse account 21.45 

Warrant No. 210 21.45 

Owen Lovejoy, expense acccunt 9.90 

Wan-ant No. 211 9 . 90 

Total disbursements to date .$30,813.11 

Warrants issued to date on account of dis- 
bursement?, Nos. 1-211 inclvsiv'e .$30,813.11 

Total amount drawn from state treasury 34,000.00 

Errors, refunded 53.49 

Organ matter, refunded 150.00 

Total amount received on account of salvag-e. 
(For detailed statement of salvage se? report 

of superintendent and secretary 1,048.44 

Warrants issued on account of disbursements. 

No. 1 to 211 inclusive 30,813.11 

Warrant No. 212, John Herriott, treasurer, re- 
fund to state 3,000.00 

Balance in treasury of the commission 1,438.82 

$35,251.93 $35,2.51.93 



REPORT OF AUDITING COMMITTEE. 173 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT. 

Of Appropriations and Disbursements. 

Amount appropriated by 26th Gen. Assembly $10,000.00 

Amount appropriated by 27tli Gen. Assembly. 25,000.00 

Total receipts from salvage and other sources. 1,251.93 

CONTRA. 

Total disbursements, warrants No. 1 to 211 

Inclusive $30,813.11 

Refund to state treasurer by warrant No. 212. 3,000.00 

Balance appropriation not drawn from state.. 1,000.00 

Balance in treasury of commission 1,438.82 



$36,251.93 $36,251.93 

Balance in hands of Geo. W. McCoid, treas- 
urer Iowa commission $1,438.82 

For which vouchers will be returned, accompanied by supplemental re- 
port. 

We have also examined the report of Treasurer McCoid and compared 
the account of warrants paid by him and find they agree with schedule of 
vouchers approved and- warrants issued. 

We therefore now present the entire list, all having been passed upon 
:and approved by your committee and the Executive Council of State. 

All of which is respectfully submitted. 

■ JOHN H. WALLBANK, Chairman. 
Auditing Committee OWEN LOVEJOT. 

J. E. E. MARKLEY. 



Resolution ol Executive Council of State. 



Whereas, The Executive Council of the State of Iowa, having carefully 
watched the progress of the work committed to the Trans-Mississippi and 
International Exposition Commission, and having scrutinized all expendi- 
tures and the report this day submitted; and 

"Whereas, Every detail has been found correct; 

Therefore, Resolved, That the work of said Commission be and the same 
is hereby approved, and that the following named gentlemen, to-wit: S. H. 
Mallory, President; Allan Dawson, Vice President; F. N. Chase, Secretary; 
Geo. W. McCoid, Treasurer; John H. Wallbank, S. D., Cook; J. E. E. 
Markley, S. B. Packard, R. H. Moore, Owen Lrovejoy, and John F. Merry, 
composing said Commission, are hereby commended for the faithful and 

laborious service rendered to the State and the conscientious discharge of 
the responsibility imposed. 

Adopted by unanimous vote of Council at meeting held at Governor's 
office on this the 3rd day of July, 1899. 

A. H. DAVISON, 
Secretary of Council. 

Certified. 



Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition. 

June I to November I, 1898. 



OFFICERS. 

GuRDON \V. Wattles President 

Alvin Saunders Resident \'ice- President 

Herman Kouxtze Treasurer 

John' A. Wakefield Secretary 

Carroll S. Moxtcomery General Counsel 



EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. 

Zachary T. Lixdsey Chairman, and Manager Department Ways and Means 

Kdward Kosewater Manager Department Publicity and Promotion 

Freeman P. Kirkendall Manager Department Buildings and (irounds 

Edward E. Bruce Manager Department Exhibits 

Abra.m L. Reed Manager Department Concessions and Privileges 

Wm. N. Babcock Manager Department Transportation 



STATE VICE-PRESIDENTS. 



ARKANSAS 

Hon. W. <i. Vincenheller Little Rock 

CALIFCJRNIA 
Hon. <jeo. W Parstjns Los Angeles 

COLORADO 
Hon. Henry P. Steele Denver 

IDAHO 
Hon. B. P Shawhan Payette 

IOWA 
Hon. Geo. F Wright Council BlutTs 

KANSAS 
Hon. C. A. Fellows Topeka 

LOUISIANA 
Hon. C. Harrison Parker New Orleans 

MINNESOTA 
Hon. Frank H. Peavey Minneapolis 

MISSOURI 
Hon. J^)hu Doniijhan St. Joseph 

MONTANA 
Hon. W. H. Sutherlin ._ White .Sulphur .Sjjrings 

NEBRA.SKA 
Hon. William Neville North Platte 



NEVADA 

11(111. \\ 111. J. Westerfield Reno 

NORTH DAKOTA 
Hon. C. .\. Lounsberry Fargo 

OREGON 
Hon. B. S. Cook Salem 

SOUTH DAKOTA 
Hon. 1 hoinas H. Wells Hot Springs 

TEXAS 
Hon. Oils Reymershoffer ( jalveston 

UTAH 
Hon. Lewis W. Shurtliff ( )gden City 

WASHINGTON 
Hon. Geo. W. Thompson Tacoina 

WYOMING 
Hon. Frank P. Graves Laramie 

ALASKA 
Hon. James Sheakley Sitka 

ARIZONA 
Hon. Charles R. Drake Tucson 

NEW MEXICO 
Hon. L. Hradford Prince Santa Fe 

OKLAHOMA 
Hon . Eugene Wallace Oklahoma City 



ARCHITECTS. 

Walker & Kimball, Boston and Omaha, Supervising Architects. 
Eames & Young, St. Louis, Vine Arts Building. 

S. S. BemaH, Chicago, Manufacturers and Liberal Arts Building. 
Cass Gilbert, St. Paul, Agricultural Building. 

J. J. Humphreys, Denver, Mines and Mining Building. 

Dwight Perkins, Chicago, Machinery and Electricity Building. 
Fisher & Laurie, Omaha, Auditorium. 

Charles F. Biendorff, Omaha, Horticulture Building. 
F. A. Henninger, Omaha, Dairj' Building. 

John McDonald. Omaha, Apiary Building. 



Roster o[ Employees d the lowd Building dnd Exhibits. 



ARCHITECTS, 

JOSSELVN & TAYLOR CO , Cedar Rapids. 

CORTRACTOR, 

P. H. WIND, Council Bluffs. 

DECORATOR. 

D. E. MILWARD, Sioux City. 



Roster of Employes at State Building and in Other Departments Who 
Served One Month or Morp. 

Mrs. C. O. McBride, hostess Muscatine. 

Mrs. J. N. Weaver, hostess Council Bluffs. 

Mrs. F. N. Chase, hostess Cedar Falls 

Guy E. Thode, book-keeper Stuart 

Mrs. Fred. McCausland, stenographer Washington. 

Miss Nellie Barber, registry clerk Oakland 

Mrs. M. A. Thompson, registry 'lerk Davenport 

B. I. Kinsey, night-watch Harlan 

J . D . Hornby, night watch Logan 

12. E. Crawford, assistant Mt. Pleasant 

Geo. R. Felthous, assistant Mason City 

Mortimer E. Wilson, assistant Chariton 

P. J. Klinker, assistant Denison 

Harry V. Henness, assistant Keokuk 

R. H. Moore, Jr., assistant Ottumwa 

Fred . Wright, janitor Marshalltown 

Mrs. Fred Wright, assistant janitor Marshalltown 

Miss Eva Robinson, maid Des Moines 

Sanford Harris, porter Omaha 

OTHER DEPARTMENTS. 

A. F. CoUman, superintendent. Horticultural department Corning 

J. W, Murphy, superintendent, horticultural department Glenwood 

J. F. Wilcox, Florist, horticultural deoartment Council Bluffs 

Wesley Green, assistant, horticultural department Dave Tirt 

Miss Etta M. Budd. assistant horticultui al department Ames 

Miss Jessica Wallace, assistant, hortieultural department Corning 

Miss Emma C. Williams, assistant horticultural department.. .Council Bluffs 

L. G. Clute, sup't. agr., dairy and Apiary department Greeley 

Fred Hethershaw. asst. agr. department Des Moines 

Robert E. Fnowden. asF-t. agr. department Cedar Falls 



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