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3 1833 00674 3063 






June, 1890, to May 


1 89 1 

Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2014 


Highland Brooch, ----- 
Seals of Burgh and County Families, Plate IV., 
Communion Cup of Jacobus Fraser, - 
Genealogical Table of the Stuart Dynasty, - 
Sculptured Cross at St. Vigean's, - 
Sculptured Tomb at Essie, - 

Carved Oak Cupboard, St. Nicholas Church, Aberdeen, 

Old Carving from Findlater Castle, - 

Memorial Stone at Kildonan, Eigg, 

The Newton %i Inscription" Stone, - 

Archery Medal, Grammar School, Aberdeen, 

The Newton " Serpent" Stone, 




A. on Churchyard of Plsick, Kincardineshire, 75 
A. (f.) on Communication between Peterhead and 

Aberdeen, 119 

on Battle of Aikey Brae, 121 

A. (J.)Cho.,on Aberdeen Grammar School Medals, 57 

Aberdeen Episcopalians ( 1 710-17*2), 114 

Aberdeen Grammar School Medals, 57, 120, 208, 236, 


Aberdeenshire Folk Lore, Scraps of, 52, 94, 157 

Aberdeen Professors in 1567, 58 

Anent the Bell of Tough, 97 

Angus Family, 38 

Alpha on Durris Club, 180 

on Durris, Drumoak, Peterculter, and Mary- 

culter Militia, 181 

on Banchory-Ternan, Sixty Years Ago, 181 

Alphabet, The, 36, 88 

Arao on Si. Columba's Birthplace, 18 

Anderson (Ar.) on [ougs throughout Scotland, 219 

Anderson (P. J.) on Unpublished Verses of William 

Meston, 3 

on MSS. relating to Scottish Universities, 38 

on The Heirs of the Stuarts, 63 

on The Alphabet, 88 

on'Hefa'ldic Printing, 103, 13.) 

on The Stuart 1 tynn&ty, S.( 

— on A Picture Gallery foi Aberdeen, 127 

on Ecclesiastical Records of North- Eastern 

Scotland, 130 
on Sapient Septemviri and companion print, 


Anderson (Robert) on the Life ol Robert Gordon, 168 

on Bibliography of Aberdeen Publications 

(1890), 188, 212 
Apprentices Fed on Salmon, 75, 99, 120 
Author of M'Gregor's Overthrow, 180 
Author and Context Wanted, 180 
Authorship ol Roy's Wife of Aldivalloch, 10, 5b 
Authorship of The Wee Pit Witikie, 118 
Avondow on Barony of Torry, 201 
Ayrshire as a Factor in Scottish Development, 5, 31, 

Ayrshire, Notable Men and Women of, 64, 92, 1 12, 

L39, J 59, 175. *77, '97< ™2, 216, 23.1 
A. (W.) on " Things in General," 119 
A. (W. S.) on The Angus Family, 38 


Ballad or Song wanted, 180, 202 
Banchory-Ternan Sixty Years ago, 1S1, 202 

Ban or Bane ( I )onald), 18 

Bane, I Punish, or Donald Bane, iS 

" Burrin' he was a bird,' 1 17 

Barony of Torry, 201 
J Battle of Aikey Brae, 98, 120, 121 
\ Battle of Cressy, 141 
1 Beattie (Willie), 220, 241 

! Bibliography of Aberdeen periodical literature, 96, 

Bibliography ol Aberdeen publications, 1890, 188, 212 
Bibliography of Dundee periodical literature, 10, 28, 

49, 70, 88, 109, 134, 171, 191, 214, 230 
Bibliography of Montrose periodical literature, 55 
Pits about Edinburgh, 14, 46 
Black Monday, 57, 78, 98 "" 
Blair, Campbell, on Sir Colin Campbell, 240 
Bon-Accord on the Authorship of the Wee Bit 

Widkie, 118 
Book of Common order, 220, 241 
Border Polk -Lore, 152 

Boyd (William) on The Battle of Aikey Brae, 120 
Buchan Folk Lore (Scraps of), 25 

B. (C.) on Aberdeen Archery Medals, 237 
Ik (J.) on Grammar School, Aberdeen, 143 

I B (J. M.) on The Late Charles Gibbon, Novelist, 98 

J on A Tinker's Rhyme, 98 

I on Bibliography of Aberdeen periodical litera- 
ture, 179 

on King*-, College, Aberdeen, as a University 

Residence, 208 

on An Parly Closing Act in Aberdeen, 230 

on Larl Fife, 238 

P>. (J. R.) on the name of Rutherford, 240 
Buckstane, The, 37 

Bulloch (J. Malcolm) on Aberdeen periodical litera- 
ture, 96 

Bulloch (Joseph Gaston), M.D.. on Families of 
Bulloch, Stobo, (den, Baillie, 57 


C. on Scois Money, 221 
on a Large Family, 15 

on a Journey from London to, Banffshire in 

the Olden Time, 15 

on an old Ball Account, 38 

on The Newton Stone, 39 

on Poetical Deeds, 118 

on Apprentices fed on Salmon, 120 

on Forbes Coat of Anns, 122 

on Communication Between Peterhead and 

Aberdeen, 119, 142 
on Old Carvings from Findlater Castle, 177 



oh James Wales, Artist, 200 

"on Contracted Forms in Old Writings, 200 

on Macpberson the Freebooter, 220 

on Willie Beattie, 220 

on Song Wanted, 220 

on The Caledonian Itinerary, 242 

on Leslies of Birdsbank, 242 

on Leslies of Findrassie, 242 

on The Book of Common Order, 241 

on Journey from London to Banffshire, 15 

on Rebel at the Horn, 121 

on Lie, 220 

oil Communication between "Peterhead and 

Aberdeen, 1 19, 142 

on " Loyal" Aberdeen and the '15, 239 

on Earl Fife, 238 

C. (A. B.) on Mavyculter and Petercul ter, 201 
C. (G. B.) on the Newton Stone, 7 

on Touching a Corpse, 18 

C. (J.) on Inscription on Hunters' Lodge, Mormond, 

_. on " There was greater loss at Culloden," 15 

on Roy's Wife of Aldivalloch, 56 

on black Monday, 78 

on Tibbie Fowler of the Glen, 79 

on 73rd (Perthshire) Regiment, [7 

on A French Invasion eighty-seven years ago, 


on Macleans of Lehire, 75 

on Egger Meal, 78 

on Murder of Campbell of Lawers, 1 19 

ori Rebel at the Morn, 142 

on Major Maclean, 73rd Regiment, J So 

on Macpherson the Freebooter, 241 

on Willie Beattie, 241 

on The Caledonian Itinerary, 242 

C. (!', ) on Apprentices Fed on Salmon, 75, 120 
on Black Monday, 78 

Cadenhead (W, ) on Banehory-Ternan Sixty Years 
Ago, 202 

Calder (A.) on Inverness-shire Occupiers, 219 

Caledonian Itinerary, The, 220, 242 

Cameron (J .) on Epitaph on fames Seton of Pitmed- 

den, 55. 75 
Campbell (Sir Colin), Lord Clyde, 240 
Carved Oak Cupboard, 8- Mary's Chapel, S. Nicholas 

Church. Aberdeen, 127 
Carrie (John) on Old Sayings, Maxims, and Local 

Proverbs, 4 

on The Alphabet, 36 

on The Stuart Dynasty, 107 

on Nursery Stories and Juvenile Rhymes, ji8 

on Connaeh, 141 

on Handlisting, 161, 201, 220, 240 

on Roman Wall between the Forth and Clyde, 


on Harvest Home — a Kim, 238 

Cathedral of St. Magnus, 160 

Churchyard of Elsick, Kincardineshire, 75 

Clanranald Aims, 168, 200 

Clarence and Avondale, the Duke of, 37. 72 

Clark, Kennedy, 58, 181 

Cock of the North. 58, 120 

Cockburn (James) on Old Rhymes, Old Sayings, &c., 
53. 73," 90 

on Border Folk Lore, 152 

Connaeh, 117, 140, 141 

Contracted Forms in Old Writings, 200 

Cowan (W. ) on The Book of Common Order, 220 

Craigie (W. A.) on Scandinavian and Scottish, 190 

on Elginbrod, Epitaph, 202 

Craigmakerane, 220 

Culloden, 104, 128, 148, 155, 160, 177 

Curious Tryals, 74, 115 

Curio on the Menzies of Cults, 181 

C. (W. A.) on Ballad or Song Wanted, 202 


P. (J.) on A French Invasion eighty-seven years ago, 
55> 75 

Date Wanted, 38, 59, 77 

Dermuii on David Drummond's Poems, 98 

on Poem Wanted, 98 

Did the Druids offer Human Sacrifice? 75 
Discharge of the Poor's Money anil Common Good, 

1709 to I 7 10, 25 
Drawings of the City of Aberdeen, 17 
Drummond's (David) Poems, 98, 122 
Dun is Club, 1 80 

Durris, Drumoak, Peterculter, Maryculter Militia, 181 


Fd. on Provosts of Aberdeen, 142 
on Proposed Antiquarian Museum for Aber- 
deen, 147 

on Sculptured " Serpent " Stone, 227 

Early Closing Act in Aberdeen in 1006, 230 
Fat I File, 219, 238 
Easter Monday, 78 

Fcclesinstical Records of North- Eastei n Scotland, 130 

Egger (or Aiger) Meal, 57, 77, 78 

Enquirer on Gilbert Menzies, 201 

Epitaphs and Inscriptions in Si. Nicholas Church and 

Churchyard, 43, 65, 108, 210. 228 
Epitaph of fames Seton <>l Pitmedden, 55> 75 
Executioner Wanted at Perth, 58 


F. on Trial of Corstorphine Witches, 27 

on Curious Tryals, 74. 115 

on Plain as a Pikestaff, 98 

- - on Rebel at the Horn. 98 

on Trial for Witchcraft, 199 

F. (I. II.) on The Village of Torry, i2t 
I I''. (C. R.I on Dale Wauled, 38, 59 
I Falconer of Phesdo, 38, 77 
I Families of Bulloch, Stobo, Glen, Baitlie, 57 
1 Family, a Large, 1 5 
j Family of Skene, The, 103 

\ Ferguson (Wra.) on Old Deer, an Old Hook, and an 

Old Record, 24 
! Forbes Coat of Anus, 98. 122 
Forbes of Thornton, 141 



Formation of a Chapter ol Scottish Heralds, 57 
Frasers of Kiltarlity, The, [61 
French Invasion Eighty-seven years ago, 55, 75 
Fugerone Oals, 17 


G. (W. D.) on Gustavus Adolphus, 141 
Gammack (James), LL.D., on Iona or Ioua, 58 

on St. Ticrnan and Bells, 58 

on St. Columba's Birthplace, 59, 77 

on Dale Wanted, 77 

on Black Monday, 98 

on Battle of Cressy, 141 

on St. Columba, Apostle of the Scots, 179 

on Lie, 201 

on Market Cross, 239 

on Kirn, 239 

Geddes, Bishop Alexander, 19, 55 
Gibbon, the late Charles, Novelist, 98, 142 
Gilchrist (M.) on Grizel Urquhart, 17 

on Drs. James Keith and Alexander Ruse, 17 

— - — on John, Karl ofMiddleton, 17 

on Fugerone Oats, 17 

on Captain James Ross, 17 

on Annie' Maule, 17 

Gladstone Genealogy, 141 

Gledstane (George), Minister of St. Andrews, 57, 

142, 163 
Golf in Aberdeen, 239 
Gordon of Lowlands, 141 
Gordon, Life of Robert, 168 

Gordon (Win.) on Bishop Alexander Geddes, 19 
Grammar School, Aberdeen, 119, 143 
Gray (William A.) on Scandinavia and Scotland, 219 
Guilty but Not I 'roveri, 1 S 

( Ju'JStaVUS Adolphus, 1 4 1 


Hadden (J. Cuthbert) on Latin Poems, 98 

Halliday (Sir Leonard), Lord Mayor of London, 58, 

79. 99, l6 3 . 
H. (A.) on Inventoiie of the Plenishing within the 

Kinids College of Aberdeen, 240 
II. (P, M.) on Leslies of Findrassie, 162, 220 

on Leslies of Burdsbank, 162, 220 

Hamilton (William) of Bangour, 39, 59 

Handlisting, 161, 181 , 201, 220, 221, 240 

Hazard, on Golf in Aberdeen, 239 

Heraldic Punctuation, 97 

Heraldic Printing, 103, 134 

Heroic Gaelic ballads, 136, 155, 173, 195 

Hersey Family, [61 

[Jersey (C. J.) on the Mersey Family, 161 

on the Frasers of Kiltarlity, 161 

Highland Brooch, 3 

Hildebrod or Elmrod, 117, 181, 202 

History of the Huntly Gordons, 141 

Hutchison (A.) on Macphetson the Freebooter, 241 

on The Caledonian Itinerary, 242 


Incorporated Trades, 119, [42 
Ingram (John) on Kennedy Clark, 58 

«>n David Drummond's poems, 122 

on Ililderbroad or Elginbrod, 181 

Inscription ori Hunter Lodge, Mormond, 15 
Invemess-shire Occupiers, 219 
Iona or Ioua, 18, 58 


J. on Song Wanted, 17 

on Did the Druids offer Human Sacrifice? 75 

on Roman Wall between the Forth and Clyde, 


Journey from London to Banffshire in the Olden 
Time, 1 5 

Jougs throughout Scotland, 200, 219 


K. (W. R.) on 73rd (Perthshire) Regiment, 39 

on The Newton Stone, 39 

Keith, Drs. James and Alexander Rose, f7 
King of Tertowie, Death of Colonel Ross, 83 
King's College, Aberdeen, as a University Residence, 

King's College I '-ells, 118 
Knock ( astle, I 19 


L. (C. S.) on Kings College Bells, 118 
L (D. 11. F.) on Iona or Ioua, 18 

on St. Columba's Birthplace. 59 

L. (11. W.) on Kalconer of Phesdo, 38 
on Row, $8 

on Sculptured Tombstone at Essie, 103 

On Leslie among the Leiths, 1 19 

on Forbes of Thornton, 141 

on Gordon of Lowlands, 141 

on Seal on, 1 41 

L. (J. ) on [landfisting, 240 

L. (J. G.) on Scots Money, 201 

on Aberdeen Archery Medals, 2-17 

Laing, (J.) on The Book of Common Order, 241 
Lamb (Alexander C.) on Bibliography of Dundee 

Periodical Literature, 10, 28, 49, 70, 88, 109, 

134, 171, 191, 214, 230 
Lambe (Rev. Robert), Historian of Chess, 1S1 
Latin Poems, 98, [20 142, 
Leask (J.) on Grammar School, 119 

on fames Wales, Artist, 120 

on Knock Castle, I 19 

on Old Bridge of Gairn, 1/9 

r- on Perforated Stone, 119 

on Incorporated Trades, 119 

Leslie among the Leiths, 1 10 
Leslies of Burdsbank, 162, 181, 220, 242 
Leslies of Findrassie, 162. 181, 220, 242 
Levie (Geo. E.) on Connach, 141 
Lie, 141, 163, 201, 220 




Lincoln on Regimental Record, 220 

LITERATURE (Notices of Books)— 

The Poems of William Leighton, 19 
Notes on the lands of Durnbreck and Orchard- 
town, 20 

Inventories of Records illustrating the 1 [istory 
<>f Lhe Burgh of Aberdeen, 40 

A concise History of the Ancient and Illus- 
trious Mouse of Gordon, 40 

Annals of the Royal Botanic Garden, Calcutta, 

Bennachie, 99 

A Grammar of Old English, 99 

Episcopal Moravian Church in Ireland from 
1746, 99 

The Church of Spey mouth, 99 

Selections from Wodrow's Biographical Col- 
lections, 122 

A historical account of the Ancient Culdees of 
lona and of their settlements in Scotland, 

The Annual Reports of the Cinchona Planta- 
tion ami Factory in Bengal, and of the 
Royal Botanic Gardens, Calcutta, 143 

The Lord Rectors of the University of Aber- 
deen, 163 

Critical Review of Theological and Philo- 
sophical Literature, 1S2 

Scottish Abbeys and Cathedrals, 182 

The Witch of Inverness and the Fairies of 
Tomnahurich, 1 S 3 

Far and Near, 183 

The Miscellany of the New Spalding Club, 


Rnsmi$'s I'.iid'lk', Poems in the Shetlandic, 

History of the Bede House of Rathven, 222 

A catalogue of Seal Engravings, also of Seals, 
Signet Rings for Seals, Stones and acces- 
sories, 222 

The Book of Sundials, 123 

Myths and Superstitions of the Buchan Dis- 
trict, 242 

Gleanings of Scarce Old Ballads, 242 
Litllefirlo! on Lyc.ll. Buchanan, and May Families, 18 
on Old Sayings, Maxims, and Local Proverbs, 

on Falconet of Phesdo, 77 

on Sir Leonard Halliday, Lord Mayor of 

London, 79 

Forbes Coat of Arms, 98 

Leslies of Findrassie, 181 

Local Ballad, 119 

Loosing of a Caen Plough, 160 

Low (J. G.) on Montrose Periodical Literature, 55 

on St. Orca, 57 

on George Gledstane, Minister of St. Andrews. 


on Humphrey Mills, Clockmaker, 119 

" Loyal" Aberdeen and the '15, 239 
Lyell, Buchanan, and Hay Families, iS 

M. (A. M.) on Carved Cupboard in St. Nicholas 
( 'hurch, 127 

on Gilbert Menzies, 241 

on Menzies of Cults, 241 

M. (G.) on Highland Brooch, 3 
M. (M.) on Culloden, 160 

on Captain Caroline Scott, 162 

M. (W.) A Grammar of Old English, 99 

M'D. (T. W.)on Bishop Alexander Geddes, 19 

M'G. (J.) on Macgregor Family, 57 

on Author of M'Gregor's Overthrow, 180 

M'Kay, John, on Forbes Coat of Arms, 122 
Macgregor Family, 57, 78 

Macintosh (William) on Hildebrod or Elmrod, 117 

Macleans of Lehire, 75 

Maclean, Major, 73rd Regiment, 180 

Macpherson the Freebooter, 220, 241 

Mag on the Buckstane, 37 

Magic Word Square, 218 

Market Cross, 239 

Martin (Hugh G.) on Cathedral of St. Magnus, 160 
Marycuher and Peterculter, 201 
Maule, Annie, 17 

M earns (Rev. P.) on Why la Harvest Home is called 

a Kim, 209 
Mee. Arthur, on Black Monday, 7^ 
Memorial Stone at Kildonan, Eigg, 167 
Menzies of Cults, 181, 202, 221. 241 
Menzies, Gilbert, 201, 24 r 
Middleton, John. Earl of, 17 

Milne (John) on the Loosing of a Caen Plough, 160 

on Battle of Aikey Jkae, 98 

Milne (George) on Sculptured Cross at St Vigeans, 83 
Mills (Humphrey), Clockmaker, 119 
Mitchell (lames) on Connach, 141 

Moii, lames, LL.lh, on Aberdeen Ciammar School 

Archery Medals, 120, 208 
Moir, Sir Robert, 220 
Monumental Brasses; 57, 79 
Mormond on Scraps of Buchan Folk Lore, 25 
-— — on Scraps of Aberdeenshire Folk Lure, 52, 

94, 157 

Munro (Alex. M.) on Seals of Burgh and County 
Families, 23 

on Epitaphs and Inscriptions in St. Nicholas 

Church and Churchyard, 43, 65, 108, 210, 227 

on Monumental Brasses, 78 

on Forbes Coat of Arms, 122 

on Carved Oak Cupboard, S. Mary's Chapel, 

S. Nicholas Church, Aberdeen, 127 

on Guilty but Not Proven, 218 

MSS. Relating to Scottish Universities, 38 

Murray, Sir R., First President of the Royal Society, 

Murder of Campbell of Lawers, 119, 143 
Murder of Ross and Rollols, 17 


N. (J.) on Macgregor Family, 78 


Newton Stone, The, 17, 39, 162, 187, 219, 239 
Nicol (Alexander) on the Authorship of Roy's Wife oi 

Aldivalloch, lB, 56 
North Country Names, 18 

Notes on Rhymes, Old Sayings, &c, 53, 73, 90 
Notes on the Origin of the Name, Family, and Arms 

of Skene, 7, 34, 67, 85, ti6, 138, 153 
Nursery Stories and Juvenile Rhymes, 118 


Office of Hangman, 58 
Old Ball Account, 38 
Old Bridge of Gairn, near Ballater, 119 
Old Carvings from Findlater Castle, Banffshire, 157, 
177, 178 

Old Deer, an Old Hook, and an Old Record, 24 
Old Sayings, Maxims, and Local Proverbs, 4, 38 
Origin of the Penny Post in Edinburgh, 39, 76 


P. (J. B.) on The Skene Arms, 117 

on The Clanranald Arms, 200 

Penny Post in Edinburgh, Origin of, 39 
Penny Post, The, 76 

Perforated Stone in River Dee at Cambus O' May, 

Perthshire (730I) Regiment, 17, 39, 59 

Picture Gallery for Aberdeen, 127 

Plain as a Pikestaff, 98, 142 

Poem Wanted, 98 

Poetical Deeds, 118 

Print — " Singing for the Million," 239 

Portrait of t mvevhouse, 1N0, 202 

Proposed Antiquurian Museum for Aberdeen, 147 

Proposed Heraldic Exhibition in Edinburgh, 218 

Provosts of Aberdeen, 1 19, 142 

Pry (Paul) on Black Monday, 57 

Querist on the Newton Stone, 239 


R, (0.) on Scottish Houses with Legends, 77 

; — on History of the Huntly Gordons, 141 

on Residence of the Regent Moray, 141 

R. (J. C.)on I l and fisting, 181, 221 
R. on Drawings of the City of Aberdeen, 17 
Rebel at the Horn, 98, 121, 142 
Regimental Record, 220 

Reid (William) on the Village of Torry, Kincardine- 
shire, 98 

— on Sir Leonard Halliday, 58, 79, 99, 163 

on The Caledonian Itinerary, 220 

on Sir John Robert Moir, 220 

Residence of the Regent Moray, 141 
Restored, 227 

Rhymes and Sayings of Childhood, 73 
Robertson (A. W.) on Archibald Robertson, Minia- 
ture Pointer, 55 

Robertson (A. W.) on Date Wanted, 59 

on Kennedy Clark, 181 

Robertson, Archibald, Miniature Painter, 55 
Robertson (P. C.) on Bits about Edinburgh, 14, 46 
Roman Wall between the Forth and Clyde, 180, 200 
Rose of Aberdeen, 119 

Rose (D. Murray) on Rose of Lethendie, 119 

on Rose of Aberdeen, 119 

Ross, Captain James, 17 

Ross (J. Calder) on Monumental Brasses, 57 

■ on Bits about Edinburgh, 14, 46 

on Office of Hangman 58 

on Apprentices Fed on Salmon, 99 

on Stories from Rum and Eigg, 74 

on The Penny Post, 76 

■ — on A Scottish Tomb in Belgium, 95 

on Memorial Stone at Kildonan, Eigg, [67 

on Jougs throughout Scotland, 200 

Rose of Lethendie, 1 1 9, 143 
Row [John] 38 
Royals, The, 177 
Rutherford, the name of, 240 


S. (A, B.) on Lie, 141, 163 

S. (A. P.) on Heraldic Punctuation, 97 

S. (D.) on Lie, 163 

on Seaton, 163 

— _ on Aberdeen Archery Medals, 237 
S. (T. G.) on Bishop Alexander Geddes, 19 

on St. Cohunba's Birthplace, 40 

on William Hamilton of Hangour, 59 

on Rebel at the Horn, 12\ 

--- - on Portrait of Claverhouse, 202 

on Notable Men and Women of Ayrshire, 202 

Saint Garden, 201 

Sapient septemviri, and companion print, 147 

Scandinavian and Scotch Languages, 1S3, 190, 219 

Scots Money, 201, 221 

Scott (Captain Caroline), Cuiloden, 162 

Scottish Conquest of England, 207 

Scottish Houses with Legends, 17 

Scottish tomb in Belgium, 95 

Sculptured < 'ross at St. Vigeans, 83 

Sculptured "Serpent" Stone at Newton, 227 

Sculptured Tombstone at Essie, 103, 141 

Seaton, 141, 163 

Seals of burgh and County Families, 23 
Sebastian on Cuiloden, 104, 128, I48, 155, 177 

on The Royals, 177 

I .Session Records, Preservation of, 20 
Seton (D.) Epitaph of James Seton of Pitmedden, 75 
Sharp (Dr. Gregory), 58 
Shield (Ralph), 177 

Skene (Andrew Philip) on the Name, Family, and 

Arms of Skene, 7, 34, 67, 85, 116, 138, 153 
— — on The Duke of Clarence and Avondale, 37, 72 

on Vernacular Prayers in England, 69 

on Stuart Dynasty, 84, 130 

— on Cuiloden, 155 


Skene (Andrew Philip) on Old Carvings from Findla- 
ter Castle, 178 

on The Scottish Conquest of England, 207 

on Earl Fife, 219 

Skene (A. 1'.) on Aberdeen Archery Medals, 236 
Skene Arms, The, 117 

Skene (Thomas) on the Family of Skene, 193 

Smith (Adam) on Oatmeal, &c, 219 

Song wanted, 17, 220 

St. A. on George Gledstane, 163 

St. Columha's Birthplace, 18, 40, 59, 77 

St. Columba, Apostle of the Scots, 179 

St. Nicholas on Egger Meal, 57 

on The Menzies of Cults, 221 

St. Orca, 57 

St. Tern an on Hells, 58 

Stories from Rum and Figg, 74 

Stewart (M. ) Gladstone Genealogy, 141 

Stuart Dynasty, 84, 107, 132 

Stuarts, Heirs of the, 63 

Square Word Puzzle, 1.79, 218 

Taurus on " Barrin' he was a Bird," 17 
T. (J. C.) on The Magic Word Square, 218 
T. (I, E, H. on Ballad or Song Wanted, 180 

, on Author and Context Wanted, 180 

Temple (W. ) on North Country Names, 18 

— on Rose of Lethendie, 143 

"There was greater loss at Culloden," 15 
" Things inJGenetal," 1 19 

Thomson ( fo. Charles) on Some Rhymes, Sayings, 

Thomson (William) on Origin o( the Penny Post in 

Edinburgh, 39 
on the Authorship of Roy's Wife of Aldival- 

loch, 56 

on 73rd (Perthshire) Regiment, 59 

on St. Columha's Birthplace, 59 

on The White Kirk of Buchan, 77 

on Egger Meal, 77 

on Scots Money, 221 

Tibbie Fowler of the Glen, 57, 79 

Tingey (J. C.) on Craigmakerane, 220 

Tinkers Rhyme, 9S 

To Hell or Connaught, 119, 143 

Torry, the Village of, Kincardineshire, 98, 121 

Touching^ Corpse, 18 

Trial of Corstorphine Witches, 27 

Trial for Witchcraft, 199 

Trinity on Incorporated Trades, 142 

T. (W. ) on The Newton Inscription Stone, 219 


Urquhart (Grizel), 17 

Unpublished verses by William Meston, 3 


Valentine (John) on Alexander Geddes, 35 
Vernacular Prayers in England, 69 


W. on Plain as a Pikestaff, 142 

W. (A.) on Restored [Session Records], 227 

W. (G.) on Tibbie Fowler of the Glen, 79 

on Local Ballad, 119 

on Sculptured Tombstone at Essie, 141 

■ on Saint Carden, 201 

W. (R.C.) on Skene Arms, 117 

r- on Jougs throughout Scotland. 219 

, on Aberdeen Archery Medals, 237 

on Earl Fife, 238 

W. (W. B. R.) on Old Sayings. Maxims, and Local 

Proverbs, 4 

on Bishop Alexander Geddes, 19 

• on Sir R. Murray, first P. R.S., 39 

on William Hamilton of Bangour, 39 

on Tibbie Fowler of the Glen, 57 

on Dr. Gregory Sharp, 58 

— on Aberdeen Professors in 1567, 58 

on Sir Leonard Halliday, Lord Mayor of 

London, 58 

on Cock of the North, 58, 120 

on Connach, 1 1 7 

on To Hell or Connaught, 119 

on Latin Poems, 120 

on George Gledstane, Minister of St. Andrews, 


pn The late Charles Gibbon, Novelist, 142 

on Rev, Robert Lambe, Historian of Chess, 


on Adam Smith on Oatmeal, &c, 219 

Wales (lames), Artist, 1 20, 200 

White Kirk of Buchan, The, 77 

Walker (John) on the Portrait of Claverhouse, 180 

Why a harvest-home in Scotland is called a kirn, 209, 

238, 239 
\V. (W.) on Easter Monday, 78 

V. (P. M.) on Print—" Singing for the Million," 239 

Z (XY) on The Menzies of Cults, 202 



Vol. IV.] No. i. 

JUNE, 1890. 

REGISTERED. ( i; K1C £ 3d- 

I Per Pi 

r 3 Md 


•■ 3 

•• 3 


Notes : — 

Highland Brooeli, 

Unpublished Verses of William Meston, .. 
Old Sayings, Maxims, and Local Proverbs, 
Ayrshire as a Factor in Scottish Development, .. .. 5 
Note* on the Origin of the Name, Family, and Anns of 

, m**, •• ■• 7 

BibliOfiiapny of Dundee Periodical Literature, .. ..10 
Bits about Edinburgh— The Buckstane, .. .. ..14 

Minor Notes:— 

Inscription on Hunter's Lodge, Mormond, .. •• 15 

V There was greater loss at CtUloden," 15 

A Journey fr om Banffshire to London in the Olden Time, 15 
The Authorship of Roy's Wife o' Aldivalloch, .. ..15 

A Large Family, .. .. .. .. .. . . 15 

The Preservation of Session Records, .. .. ..20 

Queries : — 

73 rd Perthshire Regiment— Song Wanted- Grizel Urqu- 
hart~I>rs. James Keith and Alexander Rose- John, 
Earl of Middleton — Pugerone Oats— Slaughter of Capt. 
James Ross and Patrick RolloU— Annie Maule— Draw- 
ings of the City of Aberdeen— The Newton Stone— Scot- 
tish Houses with Legends— " Barrin lie was a Bird" — 
Donald Ban or Bane— St. Columba's Birthplace, .. 17 
Answers : - 

Lyell, Buchanan, and Hay Families — Touching a 
Corpse--N..rth Country Names -Bishop Alex. Ceddes, 18 
LITERATURE,.. .. .. .. .. .. . . BO 


The illustration in this number represents an 
old highland plaid or shoulder brooch, found on 
the farm of North Pittenkerie, in the westmost 
point of the parish of Banchory-Ternan, about 
the year i860. It was discovered by Mr. 1 [any 
Shand while ploughing in a field where a num- 
ber of old houses had been removed and the 
ground reclaimed. The brooch, which is circu- 
lar in form, and is perfectly flat, measures nearly 
6 inches in diameter, and is made of yellow 
sheet brass, enriched with engraved Celtic orna- 
ment. The back of the brooch is also covered 
with incised scroll work of a simple design. 

Numbers of these brooches have been found 
from time to time, and are in the possession of 
private individuals throughout the country ; 
perhaps some of the readers of S. N, & O. may 
be able to throw some light as to the period to 
which these relics of Celtic art bekmtr. 


G. M. 

( Concluded from Vol. Ill,, p. 114.) 

Meston's early connection with the Marischal 
family has been already noted. In later life he 
was largely dependent on the bounty of the 
house of Errolj. M He removed," writes' his bio- 
grapher in the 1767 edition of the Collected 
Poems, " to Turreff, a little village on the north- 
west confines of Aberdeenshire. He had been 
invited thither by the late Countess of Erroll, to 
whom he was well known, and to whose muni- 
licence on many occasions he was greatly in- 
debted. By her generosity lie possessed the 
family lodging in that village rent free, and had 
many presents sent him by orders of that noble 

personage Falling into a declining 

state of health, he repaired to Peterhead to take 
the benefit of the mineral waters. During his 
abode in that town he was chiefly supported by 
the bounty of the late Countess of Erroll, who 
not only sent him man)' of the necessaries of 
life, but the whole implements for furnishing a 
room, besides pecuniary presents/' 
To the works mentioned in Vol. 
1 14, may be added :•- 

Tale of a Man and his Marc. 1721 : 
(Laing's Sale Catalogue, pt. hi., p. 

, pp. 101, 

no place. 


The first 

Mob Contra Mob. Edin., no date. 

edition. (Mitchell Library, Glasgow.) 
Ditto. Edin., 1731. (British Museum.) 
G. Sutherlandi Diploma. This was reprinted 
in 1803 (The Wife of Auchtermuchty. 
Edin.) and in 1813 {Carmhtzem rarionim 
macaronicomm delectus. 2nd ed. Edin. 
Query — also in 1st ed. of 1801 ?) 
In the first Report, dated 21 December, 1716, 
(and hitherto imprinted), of the Royal Commis- 
sion appointed, after the fifteen, " to visit the 
University of Aberdeen and all the Colleges and 
Schools thereof, and to take tryall of the pre- 
sent Professors, Principalis, Regents, Masters, 
and others bearing office therein, and to exa- 
mine into their past Conduct and Behaviour 
with regard either to Church or State", there is 
an interesting reference to Meston. "Doctor 
Patrick Chalmers [Professor of Medicine in 
Marischal College] did frequent the Episcopal 
Assemblies where the Pretender was prayed for 
by the name of King James the Eight; and 



[Junk, 1890. 

concurred, with the late Principal Paterson and 
the above named three Regents [George Pea- 
cock, Alexander Moir and William Smith 1 ] in 
admitting- Mr. William Meston, Regent in the 
College, after the said Meston had assisted the j 
Rebels with a drawn sword in his hand to pro- 
claim the Pretender at the Cross of Aberdeen ; 
and after he the said Meston. had pronounced 
an Oration wherein Your Majestie's Right and 
Title to the Crown was impugn'd and cori- 
demn'd, that of the Pretender asserted, and in 
which was contain'd the most scandalous and 
criminal Expressions against your Majesty and 
Government". From a relative Memorial it 
appears that Meston and the other three Re- 
gents "delivered an address 2 to the Pretender 
at Fetteresso under the Title of King James, 
which address being from the College, it is 
highly probable was signed by the Principall 
[Paterson] who being aged and infirm was not 
able to travel! to Fetteresso with the other Mas- 
ters." As formerly stated, Meston was ejected 
from office by the Commission of Visitation. 

P. J. Anderson. 
Carmen i/c Insigniis* Comitis Marischalli 

Ktthorum (unit is /'rim /pis necnon 
Siotiac Ragni Magni Marischalli. 
Gapreolus stat utrinque erecto corpore promptus, 

Et vigil hinc illinc lumina cauta rotat ; 
T rescue metalliCero palos insignia scuto 

Fert expugnati symbola certa loci ; 
Principe parte auro dehine inferipra coruscans 

Argento monstrat nobile stemma ducis. 
Namque paludutxis prodibat ad agmina Chattus 

Pa uv.lva UilgeiiN induperatur prat. 
Sanguine Roiuano piiioum rubuero priusquam 

Puppe CuiHunesios obliuuere sinus; 
Danoruin iu partis cle strage trophaeis 

Fuste Marischalli nobiliore nitent. 
Scilicet ut palus vallai munimina fundat 

Aedes a su!>in > insidiisque legit, 
Sic Danis obstriixit iter velut aggere Kethus 

Fergusklum invicto sic d edit esse throne. 
Hiric virtus duplicem victrix quia vera coronam 

Servatam oh patriam regia dona refert. 
Providus el Sep/tias \ tie] speeulatur vortice regent 

Neve gregvm posthac caeca pericla petant. 
Carmen Ic h;siyi:iis K Comitis Errolii 
ffaiot um Cent is Principis et 

Magfti Seat/re Regni ConstabularM. 

1 Ante, vol. iii., i>. ic.i, footnote 5. 

'I See London Nct$s and Queries* 7th S,, I., 129. 

8 Argent, :i chief paly of six or and gules; crest (some- 
times out of a ducal coronet), a hart's head erased proper, armed 
with ten trues or; behind ihe shield, saltireways, two batons 
gules semee o( thistles or, ensigned on the tops with imperial 
crowns ; supporters two harts proper, armed as the crest ; motto, 
Veritas vincit. 

4 Argent, three escutcheons gules; crest, out of a crown a 
falcon proper ; on each side of the shield, issuant out of a cloud, 
an arm gauntle-tted proper grasping a sword in pal.- argent hilted 
and pommelled or ; supporters, two men in c <unny habits 
holding ox yokes, gules, on their shoulders; motto, Scr~ni 
jug ion. 

Sanguineu stat utrinque jugo par nobile fralrutn 

Marte fcrox pneis et arte ferax, 
Sanguineum gestans triplex insignia scutum, 

Ter celehris meriti digna trbphaea sui. 
Danorum rie caede ruhent, numerusque duobus 

Cum aatis signal nobile stem ma patrem. 
Kxpansis crista pennis stat falco tenaci 

Ungue minax oculis lyncea celsa petens. 
Ut volucrum falco fugat agmina, sic tribus Hay a 

Sub victrix misit millia multa jugum. 
Invictum servare jugum rex jussit, ut hostes 

Ultrici subdant huic sua colla jugo, 
Ut comifi stabuli strictus datur ensis utrinque 

Regis ad imperium praesidiumque throni. 


IN response to " Mormond's" suggestion to 
your readers to add to the list of proverbs which 
lie has been communicating to you from month 
to month, allow me to send you the following : 

In connection with his first proverb about 
"the mim-mou'd maiden going often to the 
mill," though I have no corresponding one to 
supply, yet the following about maidens in ge- 
neral ma)' be interesting : — 

" A maiden's heart is a dark forest." 

" A' maidens should he mini till they're marriet." 

il Maidens' tochers and ministers' stipends are aye 
less than they're ea'd." 

" Whistling mai(l.s and crawing hens 

Are nac counted canny 'bout our town ends." 

" The bonny )a->s tocherless has mail wooers than 
chances o' a husband." 
It is worth adding, perhaps, as a wise offset to 
the foregoing proved), that the Scots have also 
a proverb to the effect — 

" The greatest tochers make not always the greatest 

I am not sure whether the following proverb 
is a West Country version of " Mormond's'"' on 
the mim-mou'd maiden, but it stiggests similar 
ideas to those which he, finds there. I have 
often heard it applied both to women and men 
in my youth, who were assuming a character of 
great innocence and timidity — 

" Ye 're nae chicken for a' your cheepin'." 
While, as significant of the sturdy judgment of 
our plain-spoken countrymen in regard to the 
kind of partners they deemed most suitable for 
wedded life, the following, in which preference 
is emphatically given to energy of character, 
even when accompanied with a libera! share of 
temper, over too great softness and amiability 
of nature, unaccompanied by activity of mind, 
is refreshingly suggestive — 

" Better to get a deM than a daw." 

A few additions to " Mormond's" list of pro- 

June, 1890.] 



verbs bearing on faultfinding I am also able to 1 
supply. For example — 

" A fool can easily find faults which a wise man 

cannot easily mend." 
11 He's a fool who thrusts his nose into other people's 
business. " 

" Throw dirt enough and some will stick." 

In regard to proverbs having their contradic- 
tories, besides those quoted by your correspon- \ 
dent I have met with the following — 

" A rolling stone gathers no moss, 

And a tethered sheep gathers nae fat." 

" A fu' hut and a fu' ben male' a thrifty dame." 

" A thrifty dame males a fu' hut and a fu' ben." 

" Nae man in ten likes women them to woo." 

" Breeks maun come speed when petticoats will ( 

" Nothing succeed-; like success." 

" None so successful as the unsuccessful." 

" Heaven is a place made for the unsuccessful." ; 

The West of Scotland version of " Never j 
connach God's benefit," is " Dinna waste God's ] 
mercies." " Pairt sma' and sair a'" is generally 
given as "Deal sma' and ser 5 aV And " lie 
thankfu' for sma' benefits " is usually, " Be I 
thankfu' for sma' mercies." 

Take, as further illustrating the thrift and j 
carefulness and stern self-denial of humble Scot-- ! 
tish life the following— 

" Don't quarrel with your bread and butter." 

<l Brown bread and the Gospel make good fare." 

" E'enin's orts mak guid raornin 1 fodder." 

" If you can't get the berries be content wi' the \ 
hools. " 

" Half a loaf is better than no bread." 

" Begfltua should nn ho .diov.vis." 

" A wee hua i> belter than rjac bieUh" 

" He never tint a cow thai grat for a needle." 

W. li. R. \V. 

I AM of opinion that your correspondent, " Mor- ; 
mond," in "Old Sayings," &c, has somewhat mis- ] 
sed the true meaning of the word " connach," in 
the proverb he quotes—" Never connach God's 
benefit" ; which he construes as "an admonition 
6f a kind mother to her weans, when observing j 
the careless or destructive handling of bread." I J 
rather think the meaning of the word, in the j 
sense of the morale in the proverb in question, 
is economise — never economise, of stint, God's 
benefit, i.e., do not keep if selfishly, all to your- j 
self, but spread it as widely as possible amongst 
your fellow-creatures, according to the measure 
of your ability. When I was a boy at Friock- 
heim school, a doctor, named Todd, came from j 
the North of Scotland in order to commence the j 
practice of medicine in Friockheim, the locality j 
being a growing one. He lived next door to 
the school-house. He brought along with his 
familya housekeeper, also from the north country, j 

She was a very sensible person, and soon came 
to be much liked by all who knew her. Amongst 
others in the neighbourhood she made the ac- 
quaintance of my Aunt, the respected guid wife 
of The Drum, and so became an occasional vi- 
sitor there. It was then as it is now : when 
females meet together they talk freely, and their 
conversation is often about those of their own 
sex. I remember hearing them upon one occa- 
sion discuss the qualifications of a certain female, 
who was designated for a place in a widower's 
family, where there were several young children. 
The housekeeper said concerning the person so 
designated, that "she could not connach the 
meal" — economise the oatmeal, which, made 
into bannocks and porridge, at that time con- 
stituted the chief diet in the families of the 
working people. That was a fatal objection to 
her claims in the estimation of both the ladies ; 
for if there was one fault more than another that 
my Aunt hated it was wasting food. 1 have 
often heard her tell those about her that it was 
SINFUL to waste anything that was fit for the 
food of man or beast. 

Carnoustie. JOHN CARRIE. 

( Continued from page /$/, Vol. III.) 
No one, I believe, who has given any careful study 
to the special spheres in which Scottish talent has 
asserted its general superiority to the talent of the 
other nationalities inhabiting the United Kingdom can 
doubt that it is exactly in the direction I have just 
indicated that Scotland's pre-eminence is most con- 
spicuously revealed. In respect, for instance, to the 
amazing fertility of the Scottish people in poets, it is 
beyond question that no other part of the United 
Kingdom can compare with the northern portion in 
the matter of poetic talent and achievement. As com- 
pared with England, indeed, the extent, to which the 
poetry of Scotland springs from the ranks and issues 
from the hearts of the common people is very remark- 
able. England, no doubt, has done splendid poetic 
work, and poetry, probably, is the strongest point in 
her magnificent literature. But the great English 
poets, as contrasted with the Scottish poets, are 
marked by this distinction, that as a rule they belong 
to the leisured and cultured class. The poets of 
Scotland, on the other hand, have, in the great 
majority of cases, been of the very humblest origin ; 
and many of the best of these have been compelled all 
their life through to battle with adverse fate. And 
while the men of thb low social standing m England 

any success in it, could almost be counted on ihe 
lingers, in Scotland the names of such men are 
legion, and their number almost passes computation, 
insomuch that it is no exaggeration to say that for one 
poet sprung from the ranks of the English common 
people Scotland could reckon up at least a score. It 



[Junk, 1890 

may be a somewhat exaggerated estimate, perhaps, 
in which a writer on this subject indulges, when he 
calculate; that Scotland has already given birth to 
some 200,000 poets ; but certainly abundant evidence 
exists to establish the fact, thai no nation under the 
sun, relatively to its population, has produced so large 
a number or men endowed with something ol the 
muse's fire. If, therefore, Ayrshire be, as I believe it 
to be, a specially typical Scottish county, it will ne- 
cessarily reveal that fact by a notable fecundity in 
poets. And this is, in point of fact, the case. For 
out of 447 names of men of mark who have, as my 
tables showj been bom within the bounds of that 
county, no fewer I ban IOQ. have attained more or less 
proficiency in the poetic art, while it is, I think, a 
very significant and suggestive fact in this connection, 
that Ayrshire boasts of what I suppose'no other Scot- 
tish county can boast, that there still stands within its 
borders a humble cottage that has attained the re- 
markable distinction of having, within the space of 
twenty years, proved the birthplace of two poets, be- 

longing to totally dist im 

act) po 

of no small measure of the politic gift— I refer to the 
Rev. Hamilton Paul and Mr. Hew Ainslie— for these 
two men of genius were born in the same small cot- 
tage on the banks of the Girvan water, within the 
parish of Dailly, the former on the 10th April, 1773, 
and the latter on the S 1 ' 1 April, 1702. [iargany 
Mains, the scene of their birth, is said to be still in a 
good stale of preservation, and the lover of Scottish 
song, in visiting a spot so consecrated to the Scottish 
muse, rejoices to find that it is one which, from the 
beauty of its surroundings, is well fitted to be the 
birthplace of a poet, but if. as I have been showing, 
Ayrshire deserves to be esteemed the county that is 
p0f. excellence and typically Scottish by reason of th 

evangelists or missionaries, saintly livers or philan- 
thropic workers. 

It is a fact, I believe, sufficiently notorious, though 
I my statistics serve to emphasise as well as illustrate it, 
J that all through the religious history of our country, 

from the time of the Lollards down bo our day, the 
I Sons of Ayrshire have played a prominent part as 
j spiritual guides and teachers of the people. Hut 

though, as might have been expected from the history 
! of the county, the most of Ayrshire's notable spiritual 

teachers have belonged to the puritanic and presbyte- 
j rian rather than to the Romish or Episcopalian form 

of Scottish Christianity, nevertheless there is a mino- 
' rity of very creditable names belonging to men of 
I Ayrshire birth who have done good service both as 
I Episcopalian and Catholic leaders, and in particulai 

I may notice here, that in respect to the number of 
I her sons who in the prelatic churches have attained 
. Episcopal rank, Ayrshire's roll of such names is nei- 
I the! small nor undistinguished. 

Among the puritanic and presbyterian leaders who 
' figured largely during the early Reforming struggles 
J I have, referred already to the names of John Willock, 

John Durie, and William Aird. To these let me now 
I add the names of Adam Wallace, the protectant mar- 
j tyr burned in 1550, Robert Colville of Cleish, one of 
I the early leaders of the Reformers among the laity, 
I Richard Bannaiync, John Knox's secretary, as well 

as the T 
■ one of 
I wit ties 
I remarl 
: phrase 

large number of poets that it has produced. I think \.\ 
this distinction U also due to it on account of the spe- 
cial character and value of the work represented by 
its greatest poetic name-;. Thus' Robert Bums, whom 
all must admit to be the greatest and most character- 
istic of essentially Scottish poets, was a native of this 
shire; while James Montgomery, generally known as 
" The Christian Poet," a writer who is the author of 
many of our best hymns, and the late Alexander 
Smith, a poet of rare and excellent genius, prema- 
turely removed, not to mention other and scarcely less 
famous names, show what excellent poetic work has 
been done by even those natives of this shire, who are 
admittedly of only second and third-rale importance. 

Hut if poetry be, perhaps, the sphere in which what 
has been called the " perfervid genius" of oui country- 
men finds its finest and most characteristic develop- 
ment, yet I think it will be generally admitted that it 
is in the sphere of Religion, Theology, or Church Life 
that our countrymen find most congenial exercise for 
their natural tastes and powers. And it is interesting 
to notice that my tables bring out the fact that it is 
exactly in this sphere that the notable men of Ayrshire- 
have proved themselves most numerous and influen- 
tial. F01 of my 447 names of Ayrshire- notabilities, 
no fewer than 141 belong to men or women who have 
gained distinction for themselves by their spiritual 
gifts or achievements, eilher as ecclesiastics or divines, 

ev. David Ferguson, minister of Dunfermline, 
the boldest as well as one of the wisest and 
of the earls' Reformers, and the man, 1 may 
in passing, who was the author <>f the famous 
' tulchan bishops," a witty coinage which did 
much to bring the first order of Scotch bishops into 
public odium and contempt. Jt is true that some 
iters claim Ferguson as a native of Dundee, but as 
is birth is by other \\ liters assigned to Ayrshire, 
until ilu; controversy is decisively settled it is legiti- 
mate, 1 suppose, for an Ayrshire man to claim the 
veteran refotmer for his native county. In regard to 
Willock, Durie, and Aird, (he following facts may be 

interesting: — " No minister," says ut. ftl'V rie, "was 
more loved or trusted by Knox than Willock, and 
certainly none- proved more serviceable to him when 
the battle raged most furiously. I le stood his ground 
when Knox was forced to flee, and lived to share in 
the triumph of the Reformed cause. As "Superin- 
tendent of the West," moreover, at a later period, he 
rendered invaluable service to the Church. The 
people loved, trusted and revered him. He was re- 
garded as the most distinguished and able man of the 
shire. The descendants of the Lollards counted him 
greater than Knox, and described him as " the pri- 
mate of their religion in the Scottish realm." From 
all accounts Willock was certainly not inferior to 
Knox in learning, and although he did not equal him 
in intrepidity and eloquence, he surpassed him in affa- 
bility, prudence, and address, by which means he was 
sometimes able to maintain his station and accomplish 
his purposes when his colleague could not act with 
safety or success. John Durie, though a man of less 
learning than either Knox or Willock, yet played 
no mean part in the stirring drama of thai great age. 
He was banished at one lime from Edinburgh, on 

Juni<: 1890.] 



account of the boldness of his speech in the pulpit, in 
condemning the high-handed acts of James VI. Uju{ 
the popular feeling was so strong in his favour that 
the sentence had to be reversed; and on his way 
home to his pulpit again, it is told that he was met 
by a vast concourse of the citizens, who accompanied 
him up the High Street, with bare heads and loud 
voices, singing together the 124th Psalm— 

" Now Israel may say, and that truly, 

If that the Lord had not our cause maintained ; 
If that the Lord had not our right sustained, 
When cruel men against us furiously 
Rose up in wrath to make of us their prey," &c. 

In connection with this stirring incident, it may be 
worth mentioning that the 124th Psalm, with its hold 
marching melody, came to be known and is still known 
in Scotland as Durie's psalm. The character of this 
noted Ayrshir e Reformer has been admirably sketched 
hy his son-in-law, lames Melville, who tells us thai 
Durie had been a diligent hearer of Mr. Knox, and 
observer of all his ways, and had caught much of his 
spirit. He took, like the great Reformer, a strong 
and clear grasp of a subject, and could utter his sen- 
timents fully and manfully, and with a mighty spirit, 
voice, and action. Win. Aird, the last of the three 
leading Ayrshire Reformers whom f have singled out 
for special notice, deserves that honour, not only for 
the forward part he look in the public life of that 
time, hut also hecause of the fact, that his life is an 
early example, perhaps indeed one of the earliest re- 
corded examples, of a career that has in every suc- 
ceeding age of Scottish history, been frequently imi- 
tated by the more earnest and intellectual among the 
youth of the Scottish working classes. For it is a 
notable fact, that in his early years William Aird, 
who in his mature manhood became a leading Edin- 
burgh minister, and the honoured friend and associate 
of the great metropolitan preacher and divine, Robert 
Bruce, had been a working mason in tin- Ayrshire 
parish of Loudon, where at Uurnmouth, Newmills, 
he had been bom. Calderwood, in his Church His- 
tory, declares of him that he "was an extraordinary 
witness stirred up of God, who being a mason by 
craft till 20 years old and married, and not knowing 
a letter, was by his wife taught to read English, and 
then gave himself to study, in which he made .such 
progress, that he had his bible as homely to him in 
Hebrew as in any other language." This led to his 
being asked to leave his trade and take to preaching, 
and nnally he was settled in St. Cuthbert's Church, 
Edinburgh. As an illustration of the fearless style of 
Mr. AinPs pulpit ministrations in the metropolis, if 
may he mentioned that he was one of twenty minis- 
ters who in 1384 were forced to flee into England to 
escape the persecution of the Court, on account of 
their pronounced opposition to the measures devised 

by the Earl of Aiian for the rci introduction ol Epis- 
copacy. He returned with the banished Lords the 
following year, and continued a prominent and useful 
minister till after the year 1604. 

Erratum. — (Vol. til,, p. 181.) For D$. Burnet's 
Academy read Dr. Bissel's Academy. 







WHOSOEVER takes in hand to write down all 
that may be worth preserving concerning the 
I family of Skene should surely set off by pointing 
out that the name is not by any means confined 
to the county of" Aberdeen, in which the burgh 
of Skene lies ; but is found in widely separated, 
parts of the world ; and has three distinct mean- 
ings, viz., iLxitcr, town, and weapon. And this 
general survey is rendered imperatively neces- 
sary, because it is quite clear that any particular 
conclusions from facts touching Skene in Aber- 
deenshire may be very much modified indeed 
by inspection of the conditions; under which the 
same name is to be found elsewhere. I hope 
to show that this not only may be, but is so. 

A. When the Milesians, sailing from Spain, 
(according to the ancient chronicles,) had sighted 
the Irish coast ; when (according to the modern 
poet) thev bad into exultant melody, and 
" ' 'Tis Innisfail ! 'tis fnnisfail !' 
Rings o'er the echoing wave" ; 

they sailed on and landed at Inverskene, a town 
(site unknown ?) at the mouth of the Ken mare 
river — the prefix inver- denoting such a situa- 
tion This fine river, then, was anciently called 
the Skene. 

There is another river m 1 reland called Skene, 
or Skeyne, a tributary of the Boyne. 1 There is 
also a Lough Skean in Connaught. 

Crossing with the Scots to Caledonia, we find 
"wild Loch Skene" in Moffatdale ; "as thronged 
now as Piccadilly," wrote a reviewer lately. 2 

1 Skeyne and lioyne may be die same word, as in Oreek the 
same thing is called both KOLVKiS and (IuvkLs ; ami again, an- 
other thing both /iai'/ca\/s and fSaHKaXis As to the s, num- 
bers of words are found in Gieek both with and without initial 

2 In the Saturday Revfetv t last year or the year before. Hut 
in the same journal, April tojfh, (890, I 1 cad (p. 460) — "The 
true fisher would fain be solitary . . . if be would be alone, 
he must go to Loch Skene. 'I' wo miles of hill and bog separate 
that black tai n in a hole like an extinct volcanic crater from a 

1 remote road. 'I here is not usually much company beside Loch 
I Skene, and no hotel -profanes its coast. ... 1 here is always 
j a t.ui chance i>l I viii/, lost in the niUt, nnd ihen being flung over 
the fall . . . they «iH Ims lu.kv iutlcotl u ihcy cttn ie« * 
tiour (here, . . . were il otheiwise, wi kIiuuUI nul be ringing 
the praises of Loch Skene." This extraordinary contradiction 
gives clearly the correct account ; and I esteem it highly, as 
proving that die Loch could not have been called — one would 
say — from an adjacent burgh, as might be the case with 
Loch Skene in Aberdeenshire. I suspect that Skene in Mort'at- 
ilale means the Ctip, the crater— skeei t as presently infra. 


[Junk, 1890. 

They say in Scotland, "like the au'd wife an' 
the lech o' Skene." But this is not that Skene. 
There was an aged midland peasant, who vowed 
she would not willingly die without having seen 
the sea ; so she trudged eastwards, and pre- 
sently came in Aberdeenshire on the Loch of 
Skene ; (one might say — 

My that lake whose gloomy shore 
Skylark never warbled o'er ;" 
for the triangular sheet of water is said to be 
the gloomiest lake in the kingdom.) . And the 
old lady exclaimed Eh ! I didna think the 
sea had been sae lairge !" 

In England the same word is found in Skel- 
ion, .S'/v7 with Bridge, &e. : (it must be borne in 
mind that n is an ancient phonetic change of / : I 
e.g. the Dorians said n for I ; in Attic / some- 
times stands for n ; and / and // are confounded 
even in Attic, e.g. skilla, a squill, was usually 
sc/winos.) In the North of England, the half-tub 
in which women carry water from the well on 
their heads is called a skeel ; perhaps the remains 
of skeel-/W, but possibly simply meaning "water- 
thing" ; as indeed skull may very likely mean 
the same the primitive vase, before pottery. 

In Belgium, the Scheldt — Scaldis — is the 
same word. 

In France, another Gaelic country, the Skene 
of Kerry appears as the Sdqu&na, now the Seine. 
This is surely the most interesting fact to put 
on record concerning the name of Skene. The 
Saone may be the same word ; but its old name 
was Arar (• Yarra-Yarra, or Yarrow.) The 
■Stugnt in Saintonge is very likely identical. 

I claim the san*»e vocable in Axeinos, I'u.r- 
eitios, (in .Kobe { berk AsJht s iw&$ } in 
Semitic . /.!■'. ; u the water* explains both 

much better than the old interpretation "un- 
friendly," "friendly"; also in Xanthos (in fE. 
Skanthos), the name by which, says Homer, the 
Scamander was called by the Gods (probably' 
some previous race); and in Scylla : sh'nf/tos, 
diving ; and skilla, a sea leek. 

The tab; is not yet exhausted ; for right across 
this Third World of ours., a great river Skina 
falls into the Pacific in the less-known regions of 
liritish Columbia, 

I have here counted (without opening a book) 
a dozen waters, all called, or plausibly assumed 
to be called, by die .name of Skene. I note 
that this number, or even much fewer, is suf- 
ficient to generalize from, and Jay down that 
skene means water. But I can adduce others : 
there ate reasons alluded to below, for believing 
that the original value of the initial s was d or 
thus, sgian~- dgdival, skene '= iktevel : this 
being so, igdival is traceable in Dive (a river in 
Normandy) Deva (the Dee), Dona (the Don), 
Tanais (the Don), Doon, &c, &c. ; iktevel in 

///;'/, river, flood, in Gaelic ; Teii, the river of 
Kirkcaldy ; Tyne, Teign^ and Till in England ; 
Teify, Tafy in Wales. 

/>. Beside the Loch of Skene in Aberdeen- 
shire, we find a burgh (ailed Skene also. I 
have seen it taught that Skene is really est cu 
an - town near water, or " Wateiton" : (and the 
Scots name Cowan would probably be the 
same). There is no doubt that «/f=asty, a city, 
in Greek ; £«r=anchi, or engys, near in Greek ; 
and «?;=amnis, a river, in Latin. This etymo- 
logy, therefore, u ould very well suit the burgh 
of Skene in Aberdeenshire. But it would not 
explain Loch Skene in Moffatdale, or the other 
waters above-mentioned. It cannot, therefore, 
be the master-key. Still less will it explain 
Scone, the same word ; or Skien, in Norway, or 
Skecn, in Sweden ; where the large' district of 
Scania may be referred to the same source. 

C, We have now to consider the word skene 
in its most frequent acceptation, viz., a weapon. 
In this it occurs much more widely than in the 
other two : yet, by the strangest and most 
unscientific error, it is usually ranked as a Gaetic 
word, exclusively ; SO that even Scots of all 
dates constantly trans/ale it "or dirk:,," "the 
word skene signifying a dirk in Irish" whereas 
in reality there is perhaps no Aryan word so 
fully represented, or so little changed, in all the 
dialects ; nor is it exclusively Aryan, cither. 
First of all, Johnson, more .than a century ago, 
counted skean as an English word, and it so 
appears in his Dictionary, and. its abridgements. 
In earlier English, or A. S., it is serene, which is 
nearer the Gaelic form sgian. In Latin it is 
seen.;, or sacetta, a word which occurs in no 
author, but is preserved by a grammarian as 
being the proper name of the sacrificial axe used 
by the Roman pontiffs; 1 In Greek it is axine, 
(/E. askinc), an axe, L. ascia, whence hache, axe, 
adze. ; it is also oxina (oskina) a harrow, and 
ixine (iskine), a blood-drawing plant (cf. akaina, 
akantha, a thorn and spina) ; also skolops, sko- 
los, anything pointed : and no doubt akin to 
skallo, to hoe, scalpo, to scratch, sculpo, to hol- 
low out, chisel, seJiindyleo, scindo, to cut. Even 
in the Semitic tongues we find it : Arabic sikkeen, 
a short sword. 

Flow can it be explained that the self-same 
word signifies things so diverse as water, city, 
weapon f I have seen this attempted in an 
unpublished system of philology, which is said 
to reproduce very nearly a work which made 
some noise in its time, but is now forgotten, viz., 

J Had this word !)ccn known to the Renaissance scholars 
thev would surely have written " Joannes St\na," &C, instead 
of t lie Greece adjective Skoueus. which literally means "the 
man of Skene," the Skenite. (like Heberthe h'cuitt. ") Scrna 
as a family surname is exactly parallel to, and synonymous 
with, ruir classical friend of school-days, Dclabclia. 

June, 1890.] 



"The One Primeval Language Traced,' - by the 
Rev. C. Forster, one of the Six Preachers of 
Canterbury, and rector of Stisted, 1851. 

In this system it is taught that originally there 
was but one word for all fluids (as, indeed, 
latex in Latin does signify any fluid : and we 
ourselves say ''it will be wet" meaning 
water; "a W£/-nurse, M meaning milk ; and when 
wounded, "I am all wet" meaning blood). 
Thus, Skene = water % needs no gloss ; = a city, 
because all cities grew up round some perennial 
well ; — tool (which perhaps is the same word), 
because therewith we draw blood; thus, igdival 
(sgian) == 7iv?/<v'-draw, for the two first ; blood- 
draw, for the third. Whether this be true or 
not, it must: be owned that it explains where no 
one else has done so. 1 cannot give here more 
than a very few specimens, illustrative of the 
word skene .dune, of the numerous cases in which 
uw/Vr-ideas and blood-'ldtSLS are connected by 
the same word in the I. E. tongues. Thus, 
skalis is both lioc and cufij how. unless sk — in 
one blood (for a hoe is a knife, generally), in the 
other 'Water, as in Usk, whiskey t So, also, 
echinos is both a hedgehog (a blood^drawer), and 
a pot. Skal/uc is a knife ; skalmos is a thole —a 
water-thing j xaino (skaino) is to draw blood, 
xanao (skanao) to grow maid) (as alter cold 
water) ; schazo is both to cut, and to let go (as 
a bucket) ; and as this is also chalao, it is very 
likely schazo was schalaso, as stazo is also sta- 
lazo. It will be said, Yes ; but it is unfair to 
leave out words so like skene as are skene in 
(«k. and skin in l\. It is replied thai skew? was 
"a. thing put up at the .v.\7, in the market place, 
l, to shelter waves ; 2. to act plays on" ; while 
skin, sftylos, is " the water-thing" (cf. pail, pella, 
pellis), as it is in many countries to this day. 


The first persons on record called from the 
town or word skene are Johan de Sceyn del 
counte de Edneburh, Johan de Sceyn del 
counte de Aherdcne (perhaps the same person ; 
yet, as the same man would not be likely to sign 
the same act twice, they may be father and son, 
and so probably would use identical seals, or the 
same seal) : and I'atrik de Sken, clericus, del 
counte de Aberdene, also. These signed and 
sealed the roll of the tlomages done to King 
Edward I. in 1296. They were therefore men 
of landed estate., tenants in capite. 

Dr. W. P. Skene, in his "Memorials of the 
Family of Skene of Skene," printed by the N ew 
Spalding Club in \ 88$, writes- "It is probable 
that Johan de Skene did homage as holding the 
lands of Skene, with the Tower, of tin; Crown ; 
and Patrick as holding the land.-, of Easter 
Skene, containing the Kirktown of Skene, and 

that he was "himself the vicar of Skene. 1 The 
name of Skene is thus plainly territorial. And 
as these Church lands always formed part of the 
subsequent barony, we may infer that, like other 
families, the Skenes were hereditary possessors 
of the vicarage of Skene, and took their name 
from it." 

I do not understand this very clearly. The 
subsequent barons of Skene held as laymen J 
how can this be paralleled with the tenure of a 
priest, persona of the parish ? (or rather chapelry, 
as it was till the 17th century, of Kinkell.) That 
they should possess the advocation to tin- Kirk 
is simple enough ; but those were riot the days 
in which church lands were seized by, or gradu- 
ally fell into the hands of, lay lords rather the 
reverse. If tin.- person seised of Easter Skene 
in the 131I1 century was a priest (which is by no 
means p roved by his quality of clericus), and 
was seised as parson, how is it that in all suc- 
ceeding ages it is not a son of the do minus who 
takes orders, and is seised, but the lay lord 
himself? Hereditary benefices had surely all 
been put down by St. Gregory ATI. three 
centuries before. In feudal times, bishops had 
sometimes knightly vassals (vidaines, vice- 
doniini ) who held lands of them, doing duty For 
them in the field. But this was never the case 
with simple parsons. " Took their name from it" 
This seems to confound John and Patrick; who 
yet, even if brothers, cannot, as I urge above, be 
taken as the normal type of arrangement, either 
anterior or posterior, because one was celibate, 
and COlild nut transmit ; ami neithei rould have 
inherited from a clerical lathe!-. Dr. Skene, 
with his vast learning and acute- nimd, could 
surely have worked out and illustrated by other 
similar cases this interesting question. It is in 
reality hardly touched. 

If 1 might presume to have an opinion, 1 
I should suspect that the key to the po ition is to 
j be found in the words "unam, mtegram, et 
liberam baroniam," in King Robert l.'s charter, 
I i.e., I should think that John and Patrick were 
; the two sons of a previous laird of Skene, who 
had divided the lands between them, as had 
perhaps been the custom ; and that Robert 
! Skene obtained a prohibition of this division in 
\ postcrum. 1 do riot see why Patrick should 
! have been vicar of Skene ; his seal was probably 
i made when he first was tonsured : .nal he may 
; have held some quite other benefice when he 
did homage for his paternal estate. 

At any rate, the whole of the lands of Skene, 
pertinent to the Crown ("terras nostras del 
! Skene," says Rob. I.) were held in [296 by two 
men, Johan and Patrick de Skene. The next 

1 Had he been ?>u, would Ik. not more likely have been 
I described on his seal as " p's tie Sken."/ t - > Sonet i r i icariit 



[Junk, 1890 

question is, How long had they, or rather their 
forefathers, held them in a similar manner? 

The only anterior mention of these lands is ( 1 ) 
in a contract between Peter, bishop of Aberdeen, 
and Alan the Durward ([H]ostiarius), justiciary 
of Scotland, securing to the bishop in two 
annual payments " viginti duos solidos sterling- 
orum legalium de terra sua de Schene," in lieu of 
the tithes of Onele, granted to the bishops by 
David I., &c., which the bishop thus sells to 
Alan and his heirs, pr< rvlding that the Skene lands 
should forever be bound to pay the above rent ; 
and (2) in a rental of the bishopric this rent of 
22s. is also mentioned, temp. Alex. III. Dr. 
Skene remarks on this : " What his [Alan's] 
precise connection with the lands of Skene was 
at this date [before 1275, when he died] is not 
very clear, but it may be inferred that he pos- 
sessed only the superiority of the lands from the 
following circumstances." I summarize as 

1. Skene was a chapelry of Kinkell till 1649. 

2. Kinkell was the mother-church of the 
great thanage of Kintore. 

3. The lands of the other dependent vicarages 

belonged to the thanage. 

4. Probably, therefore, those of the vicarage of 

5. The thanage was penes re gem temp. Alex. 

6. Alan the Durward, in r'357, revived a claim 
of his father Thomas, made in .1228, to be earl 
of Mar. 

7. In lieu thereof they accepted .^>v> in land, 
Ul that i\m Idem. 

8. And this partly in dotniniis, partly in 

9. All or part of tin- thanage may have been 
included in this assignment. 

10. Skene; may have been part of this. 

11. Thanage lands, like fee-farm-lands, paid 
an annual (substantial) rent (not a nominal one). 

12. Alan is called "dominus earundem" 
(terrarum de Skyeh) in the rental. 

13. lie therefore probably held them as a 
" holding " ( in homagiis), 

14. And the 23s. were from the feu rent due 
to him as overlord. 

15. lie had no son but three daughters. 

16. These acquisitions in the earldom of Mar 
appear [how ?] not to have fallen under his 

17. Hut to have reverted to the Crown. 

18. The thanage, afterwards barony of O'Neill 
one of his principal possessions, appears [how?] 
to have been granted to the Earls of Fife. 

The above are all the facts known .about the 
land of Skene prior to 1296. 

I think that, with a few further suppositions, 

the status of the Skenes before that "appears" 
to come out pretty clearly. 

The hypothesis which fits all the facts is that 
they were "franklins," to use the English term, 
paying to the Crown a substantial rent for the 
land feued to them by it, for its sustenance, and 
otheruscs ; (ii) the Crown, wishing to Compromise 
the claim of the Durward to the earldom (£.e, 
territory) of Mar, did so by assigning to him a 
part of the Crown rents, including those of Skene; 
(hi ; The earldom of Mar was (ex hyp.) a male 
• fief ; (iv«) On the death of Alan without a son, 
his claim would thus abate, his daughters would 
have no locus standi, no lien on the feu rents 
I assigned by the Crown ; and, (v.) The Skene 
j tenants would once more pay to the Crown, as 
! (ex hyp.) of old. The transaction was much like 
the endorsing of a bill ; or the assignment of 
a rent-charge in our own day. 

The rational view would therefore seem to be, 
not that the successors of Johan de Sceyn were 
vassals of the Durward : but had been all along 
vassals of the Crown for several ages. " Fruges 
COnsumere nati." they have left no trace- ; yet 
" Vixere fortes ante Agamemnona," is also no 
doubt true : the Atricke of Skene being these 
John and Patrick, knowledge of whom we owe 
only to the failure of the royal bouse, the claim 
of King Edward, and the acquiescence of King 

Pornic, France. 

( To be ) 


( Con! iuHut from page 180. ) 
1849. The Truth Promoter. " The Truth, the 
only way to the freedom, elevation, and happi- 
ness of man." Printed by Bowes, Bros, at 4 
Reform St. (and Fenton St.), Dundee. This 
was fin eight-paged publication, size, jo in. by 
7 % in., price rd. The first number of The Truth 
Promoter appeared in November, 1849. It was 
edited and published by the Rev. John Bowes 
until Ins death in 1874. The magazine was 
issued for twenty-five years, and printed by 
his sons. The Rev. John Roues, the originator 
of The Truth Promoter and < hristian Maga- 
zine, was a man who had travelled throughout 
the United Kingdom pleaching the Gospel of 
Christ and lecturing on temperance. Mis expe- 
rience as a street preacher in Dundee is best 
described in a letter of his to the Magistrates, 
dated from Liverpool in 1 (S4 1 : — " Friends, may 
you seek the peace of God. Several months 
have now elapsed since you permitted, or order- 
ed, the police officers to summon me before you. 
Four times I was at their office. Three days 

June, 1890.] 


1 1 

together I was harassed by standing a trial be- 
fore you for preaching Christ's holy Gospel in 
your streets. The last few months have been 
memorable to Dundee. Twice you lined me, 
and threatened to imprison me forty days'. One 
preacher you imprisoned ten clays, and had his 
hair cropped. . . . What had I done that 
ye persecuted me ? Was it because for seven 
years I preached out-of-doors to the poor perish- 
ing outcasts that seldom or never go to any place 
of worship ? Was it because when that awful 
disease, the cholera morbus^ raged in your town, 
and laid prostrate in the grave five hundred of 
your people, 1 visited the cellars and the garrets 
wherever my services were required, and even 
sometimes supplied the wants of dying bodies 
whom others deserted ?" &c. 

1849. The Shipping and Mercantile Gazette. 
I have been unable to see a copy of this paper, 
but from what I have learned, it was a split off 
the Dundee Mercantile and Shipping List. This 
new venture was-conducted and edited by Mem-)' 
Shepherd, and the printing was undertaken by 
Hill & Alexandei 

1850. Durham's Dundee Commercial Journal. 
itu relay morning at the office, 
d ceased to be issued by the 
Mr. John Durham, stationer, 

siness of D. Annan, which 
"ner house facing the High 

A?gus. For the first few years, Mr. A. J. Buist 
was the Secretary, after that Mr. Alexander J. 
Warden conducted the Report^ and he was suc- 
ceeded by his son, Mr. J. W. Warden, who is 
now the proprietor and compiler. 

1851. Myles' Penny Forfarshire Almanac. 
Being the third after leap fear. Dundee : pub- 
lished by James Myles. Size, po$t 8vo. Although 
this almanac was not printed in Dundee, it was 
one of the early endeavours to introduce such a 
publication to the town. Mr. Myles was a book- 
seller in the Overgate, and his circulating library 
consisted of 2,000 volumes. He was the author 
of" Rambles in Forfarshire," " Life of a Factory 
Boy," and many social and political pamphlets ; 
and was also the editor and publisher of Myles' 
Forfarshire Telegraph and Monthly Advertiser. 

1851. Metes' Forfarshire Telegraph and 
Monthly Advertiser. A Journal of Politics, Li- 
terature and Social Progress. Dundee: printed 
by Hill and Alexander, and published by James 
Myles, 193 Overgate. Size r 3 ' < in. by 9 in., t S pages. 

Published every 
Overgate. It 
1st January, 185 
bong lit the printing 
was situated in that 1 

No. I, Saturday, January 4th, r8^r. Price 1 /id. 
Only a few numbers were M r< Mylesdiedon February 26th, [851, aged 32. 

Only one number of this paper was issued. 
As its heading indicates, it was to gne a 
resume^ of local news and descriptions 
ntiquities, such as the u History of the 
Street Signs," &c. Many of these were 
y James Thomson, the local historian, 
rospectus it was stated ** The promi- 
nts of the month, both, local, foreign, 
istic, will be judiciously epitomised and 
d in- its columns, and the reader will 

Street ancK )vergate, known as " Monck's I louse." 
It was here that he began to print the Com- 
mercial /< '.v.' a'..'/, his manager 1 icing John 1 1 \ ing. 
Mr. Durham's friends i-ti the Cowgate had sug 
gested thai a commercial paper would be useful 
and profitable. However, it was unsuccessful, 
having lasted only nine or ten months, notwith- 
standing a series of interesting articles on 
America, and local information, which were 

1851. Dundee Prices Current cV Trade Report, 
Commenced March 26, 1.851. Originally started 

of local 
In the 
nent ev 
and d< 'n 

thus haven concise history of all the noticeable 
transactions which happen between tin dates of 
each publication. The Telegraph will devote a 
portion of its columns to literary ' ketches, tales, 
or historical pictures, connected with Forfarshire 
and immediate locality, and it will endeavour to 
elucidate the existing habits, feelings, and actual 
condition of the industrious classes of the county, 
so that usefulness as well as amusement may be 

and revised each wee 
merchants ; gives a re 
industries in all these 
with prices current 
yarns and cloth : also 

by an association of ! carefully blended together." 

. iew of the jute and flax 
branches for the week, 
of the raw material, 
reports actual sales in 

each department. Gives statistical tables of im- 
ports of flax, low, codilla, hemp and jute every 
week, and also exports of yarn, cloth, &c. from 
this district, exports of jute at Calcutta and of 
flax at the different Russian ports. It was 
planted for the first three years on bine foreign 
paper, size to in. x 8 C in. Since that date it 
has been printed on cream laid foreign paper 
and the size increased to 1 1 in. by 9 in. The 
price has all along been £2 2S per annum, and it 
has been printed at tire office of the Courier and 

1851. Dundee Police Gazette. A wood-cut of 
the town's arms. (Printed and published by 
William Brown), 29 Scouringburn, started 
about tin: end of 185 r. Published weekly. This 
was a. weekly broadsheet, giving a summary of the 
Dundee Police Court in the same objectionable 
style as the one issued under a similar title in 
1841. It was hawked on the streets. Size 17 in. 
by lo}4 in. On number 2?i, Dundee, Friday, 
January 26th, 185 $, a notice is given, stating 
"letters written, at a moderate rate, on business, 
love, friendship, marriage, and other matters, 
and the strictest secrecy always observed, by 
William Brown, 29 Scouringburn, Dundee, who 
lias for sak\ paper, pens and ink, 4 Queen's 



[Junk, 1890. 

heads,' envelopes, wafers, religious hymns, 
valentines large filled up to please the lads and 
lasses, bookbinding in all its branches." 

1853-4. The Dundee Directory for this term 
was compiled by James II. Donnan, and it in- 
cluded Loehec, Broughty- Ferry, Tayport and 
Newport. Size, 7 in. by 4% in. Printed by John 
Irvine, High Street, Dundee ; and published by 
A. M. Stephen, James Chalmers, William Mid- 
dleton, Frederick Shaw, and Robert Edmund. 
Prefixed was a brie/ History of Dundee by Mr. 
Donnan, extending to fourty-four pages, which 
was afterwards reprinted in pamphlet form. In 
the preface it is stated that a plan of Dundee 
was to be introduced, but in all the copies I 
have seen, there is no appearance of a map 
ever having been inserted. 

1854. Dundee Advertiser Almanac. For 
several years an Almanac was presented gra- 
tuitously to the subscribers and purchasers of 
the "Advertiser™ This was a single sheet con- 
taining a large amount of local and general 
information such as is now to be found in the 
annual publication of Messrs. Oliver .and Boyd. 

1854. The Courier (Dundee) Almanac. T he 
proprietors of the Courier presented to sub- 
scribers a sheet similiar to that of the Advertiser 
mentioned above. 



Fiction, to V 
and the True 

The Gaber/unzie, or Tale- Teller of thi 

1 Weekly Journal, devoted to 
it and Wisdom, to the 

Fact and 

Old TaU 
Of nuudi 


No. I, 

e, 3 St. 
9 in. , e i 

rice one 


J u pages. 

rs' names, to 

10 1, Seagate, 

Iun, April 22, 
ed bv fohn I rvii 
Lane, I hmdee. Size, 1 1 in. by 
"Books for review, and subsc: 
be sent to the Gaberlunzie OffU 
Dundee.'' The first serial story, " The Miller 
of Calder," extending to three numbers, was by 
Miss Corbet, and the early parts contained an 
article entitled " She," (not by Rider Haggard,) 
the Queensfen y coach ; 
'eter Livingstone ; and a 
Nocturnal Scenery," by 
of London. 'There was 
Readers and the Public 


being an adventure is 
poems contributed by 
series of papers on ' 
George Sexton, M.D. 
a special notice to the 

enormous circulation of the Gaberluftisie this will 
be a medium for advertisements second to none 
in the district." I have not been able to see a 
copy of this supplement, or to find whether the 
essay c ompetition took place. 

1854. The Building Chronicle; A Journal of 
Architecture and the Aits. "Let use be pre- 
ferred before ornament, except where both may 
be had ; Lave the goodly fabrics lor beauty 
onely to the enchanted palaces of the poets, who 
build them at small coste."- Lord Bacon. No. 
vol. L, Edinburgh, May loth, 1854. Price 6d. 
Stamped yd. Size 11 in. by iSJj in, 12 pp. This 
was a monthly paper, published in Edinburgh, 
by John Greig & Son, but the proprietors were 
Park, Sinclair & Co., Dundee. The founder and 
editor was Mr. James Maclaren, architect, Dun- 

) dec. The printing was executed .it the office of 
the Dundee Warder. It was thought that it 
would be better for a Chronicle of this nature to 
be published in Edinburgh, as thereby it might 
have a wider circulation and more general 
character. The editor, in introducing the first 
number, states that he enters on the work with 
diffidence and reluctance, and gives the reason 
why, and the purpose for which it appears, as 
follows : — "To represent the current Archi- 
tecture of Scotland— to record the progress of 
Buildings in this portion of the Empire- and to 
express the opinions and espouse the interests 

! of the numerous classes engaged in those arts, 
or interested in their advancement, is % in brief, 

I the main and most important feature of the 

I work we enter on. In doing so, we seek to 
occupy a field hitherto untrodden, and one 
fenced about with difficulties demanding effort 
on our part to overcome, entitling us to con- 
sideration from our readers,- and, shall we add, 
encouragement." The editor particularises the 
manner in which he proposes to realise this 
object, as follows : -" Illustrations of important 
Buildings in course of erection, or in contem- 
plation, and occasional examples of interesting 
antiquities hitherto unpublished, with critical 
descriptions. Original Papers on the specu- 
lative and practical relations of the sciences. 
Articles and information in reference to passing 
events affecting the Building interests, Engineer- 

in these terms :,t— The pages of the Gaberlunsiie 
will be immediately enriched by an article from 
the pen of Mr. Gilfillan" The proprietors of 
the Gaberlungie intended " to offer prizes of 
Five Pounds for the best and Three Pounds for 
the second best Essay on the subject — k The 
Domestic Condition of Woman : what it is, and 
what it might be,'" and it was also their inten- 
tion to publish a monthly supplement to their 
journal, to be devoted to advertisements, and to 
be called the Monthly Advertiser. " From the 

I mg, and the Fine Arts generally. Proceedings 
j of the learned Societies, and, in particular, of 
! the Architectural Institute of Scotland." Two 
full page, illustrations were given in each number, 
• the first of these being lithographed by Schenck 
j and McFarlane, Edinburgh. Messrs. Keith and 
1 Gibb', Aberdeen, stalled a branch in Dundee, 
' (Messrs. Keith, Qibb & Spence,) which was 
situated on the south side of the High Street, 
j where most of the illustrations for this journal 
were executed, some of them bearing the Dun- 

June, 1890.] 


J 3 

dee imprint. The local views were the Royal Ex- 
change, Panmure Street Congregational Church, 
by D. Bryce, architect, the Free Church, Pan- 
bride, and Omachie Farm Steading, by the 
editor, James Maclaren. Amongst many others, 
were Donaldson's Hospital, the Now Picture 
Galleries at Edinburgh ; and the illustrations 
from Glasgow included Messrs. McDonald's 
Warehouses, with plans and details, the 
New Post Office, &c. The Building Chronicle 
expired after a brief existence:, No 1 appearing 
in May, 1854, ami No. 21, the hist number, on 
December 1st, 1855. 

1855. Dundee and Perth Penny Post. Pub- 
lished every Thursday and Saturday at 12 noun. 
Price one penny, size 22 in. by 15 in. Printed and 
published by Andrew Fraser, (residing at top of 
St. Andrew's Street) a', the printing and publish- 
ing office Meadawside, every Thursday and 
Saturday at noon, for the proprietors, Stewart, 
Mathew & Co. This was a popular paper dur- 
ing the five years of its .existence. Mr. Robert 
Stewart and Mi. Archibald Gillies, then editor, 
partners of the " Northern Warder" held 
different opinions from Mr. Park, printer, also a 
partner, regarding articles which were to- be 
inserted, the result being that they severed their I 
connection with the " Warder" and started the 
" Penny Post" and " Saturday Post." The 
partners of these two newspapers were Messrs. 
Robert Stewart, Archibald Gillies, Robert 
Mathew, and Andrew Fraser. By means of 
energetic pushing they succeeded in raising a 
very good printing business in connection with 
the concern* At one period there were no 
fewer than three pennj newspapers issued from 
the office of the Saturday Post. 

1855. The Dundee and Perth Saturday Post j 
and General Advertiser fax the midland Counties 
of Scotland, size 30 in. by 2 1 > in., 4 pp. Printed 
and published by Andrew Fraser (residing at 
22 Cotton Road) at the printing and publishing 
office, Meadowside, every Saturday morning for 
the proprietors, Stewart, Mathew & Co. No. 1, 
Saturday, May, '855, price fourpence stamped, 
threepence unstamped. This paper, like the 
above, was issued for five years. 

1855- The Dundee Weekly New*. The origin 
of this paper has al ready been explained in the 
article on the Dundee Waider, (see before). 
The first number was issued on [2th May, '855, 
the price being then twopence, but on 30th June 
of that year, the day after the abolition of the 
S&mp Duty came into force, the price was 
reduced to one penny, and it and the Dundee 
Times were therefore the first penny newspapers j 
published in Dundee. Its original title was the ! 
Northern News, but this designation was only 
continued for two numbers. The issue for 2. id j 

June, 1855, bore the title The Dundee Weekly 
News, and the numeration at present in force 
was begun with this number. The imprint on 
number 5 is as follows : — " Printed by Robert 
Park, at his printing office, New Inn Entry, 
and published by him every Saturday, at one 
o'clock, at No. 9, New Inn Entry, Dundee." 
The last number for 1855 bears the name of 
Park, Sinclair, & Company, as proprietors. 
On the amalgamation of the firm of Hill and 
Alexander, who owned the Weekly Telegra$h % 
and Park, Sim lair, & Co. who owned the 
Weekly News, the two papers were published 
as one on 27th April, 1861, under the title of 
the Weekly News and Telegraph, but shortly 
afterwards the title of the Weekly News, which 
it now bears, \\;is resumed. At the latter date 
it was printed by Robert Park, for the Dundee 
Newspaper and Printing Cou/pauy, ( Limited ). 
Messrs. Charles Alexander & Company were 
the proprietors and printers from 23rd November, 
1862. Sometime after Mr. Alexander's death, 
the surviving partner, Mr. William Thomson, 
succeeded to the business on 4th May, [ 886, 
and he, together with other mcmbei •> of his 
family, carries it on under the firm of \V. & D. 
C. Thomson, besides local and district news, 
the paper contains serial novels, literary extracts, 
short tales, and poetry. The Dundee Weekly 
News issues ten separate editions, which are 
circulated throughout Scotland. England and 
Ireland. Although the general news and serial 
stories are the same, special pages are devoted 
to the local news of each district in which the 
paper is distributed. From it- inauguration 
the Weekly N ;os was a popular paper, and its 
circulation rose with great rapidity, and the cer- 
tiiied circulation in May, 1890, was over 200,000 
copies weekly. During its history, tin- size and 
shape of the paper have been altered several 
times. When first issued, it consisted of 8 pp., 
i6>< in. by \\% in. On 6th September, 1856, 
it was made four pages, 22 'J in. by \T% in. 
From March till May, i860, it consisted of 8 pp., 
l8}4 in. by 13 in., but in the latter month it was 
altered to 4 pp., 24 in. by 17 JJ in. On the re- 
moval of the publishing and printing offices from 
New Inn Entry to Lindsay Street in November, 
1872, to premises better adapted lor the increas- 
ing business, the Weekly News was enlarged to 
an eight-page paper of 48 columns, and is now 
64 columns, the local edition being 72 columns. 
Within the past two or three years the premises 
have beer, considerably enlarged to meet the 
growing demand for accommodation, and 10 con- 
tain the new machinery, which consists of two 
Victory machines, and a Hoc web-machine, 
altogether capable of printing 30,000 eight- 
page papers per hour. A special feature in the 



(June, 1890. 

Weekly News^ which proved very interesting 
for several years, was the " Barber's Shop," 
being - a series of conversations supposed to have 
taken place in a barber's shop in Dundee. 
Subjects of local interest were discussed, and 
opinions freely expressed respecting public men 
and public matters. A large business is also done 
in general printing, such as books, pamphlets, 
&c, as well as plain and coloured lithography. 

1855. 7'I,e Mercantile Advertiser for the 
counties of Forfar, Perth, and Fife. Published 
by P. cY J. Fleming, at the Mercantile Advertiser 
office, 62 High Street, Dundee, every Thursday. 
Printed by David Robertson Clark, Vault, 
Dundee. Eight pages, 23 in. by r8 in. An adver- 
tising medium circulated gratuitously. No. 1 
issued on 4th October, 1855, and No. 314, the 
last number under the above title, on 3rd Octo- 
ber, 1861. In 1 858 the circulation was 7,ooocopics, 
and the size was 21 in. by \^% in. In April, 
[861, a number of the literary friends of the 
publishers agreed to w rite leading articles for 
the Mercantile Advertiser, which accordingly 
became more of an ordinary newspaper, and less 
of a mere advertising medium. The amateurs 
thus volunteering their services as journalists 
included John (.'able, William Ma)- (now Town- 
Clerk), Win, H alley (in New Zealand), 1 nomas 
Kyd (at Aberdeen). James L. Neish, arid John 
Robertson (ex-Bailie Robertson), besides the 
following who have passed away :— -Frank Hen- 
derson (afterwards M.P. for Dundee), William 
Y. Buchan, Henry Henderson, John Muir, 
William S. Murray, and John A. Swanston. 
The proprietors and publishers seem to have 
had so much confidence in their voluntary staff 
;is (o have been emboldened to change the con- 
stitution of their journal. The gratuitous circu- 
lation on Thursdays gave place to a penny issue 
on Saturdays. Accordingly we find in April, 
1 86 1, The Dundee Review and Mercantile 
Advertiser. Published by P. & J. Fleming, at 
the Dundee Review office, 10 High Street Dun- 
dee, every Saturday morning. It was of the same 
size as its predecessor, and was numbered conse- 
cutively, the hist issue, on 12th October, 1861, 
being No. 315. The publishers' confidence in 
the appreciation of the public was evidently mis- 
placed, for seven numbers only were issued of 
the Review, which finished its course with 
No. }2i, on 23rd November, 1,86 1. 

Alexander C. Lamb, 

( To be continued. ) 

Several communications, some of them in 
type, have had unfortunately to stand over till 
next issue. 


I. The Buckstane. 

AFTER long and diligent search for the " Buck- 
stane" it was pointed out to us by an old man, 
who seemed to have sufficient claims to be con- 
sidered one of the "oldest inhabitants." At 
present it stands at the side of the road which 
crosses the western ridge of the Braid Hills. 
" To such base uses" has the stone' been put, 
that it occupies the corner in a particularly well- 
built wall. 

The stone evidently got its name from being 
the place at which the Court sportsmen met 
when about to engage in a deer hunt. But tra- 
dition has added another very interesting de- 
tail. One of the families who helped Robert 
the Bruce in his struggle with the English is 
said to have been the De Clerks — to use the 
modern form of the name - and local legend has 
it that the King, in order to show his sense of 
the loyalty of his faithful subject, conferred on 
De Clerk the lands of Pennicuik. ,l When 1," 
said the King, "or any of the succeeding Kings 
of Scotland, shall come to hunt upon the Pent- 
lands or Borough Moor, your forester shall attend 
at the gathering, and, sitting upon the top of 
the gathering or Buck's Stane, near Edinburgh, 
shall wind three blasts of the bugle-horn." 2 

1 Sir Daniel Wilson, in Lis Memorials of Edinburgh, (page 
124 «.), seems to indicate chat this particular sionc is called the 
Hare Stone, ami that the block which usual I > goes by the 
name of the Camus Stane, a mile turtber out, is the liuckstane. 

- Quoted from a curious historical romance, entitled the Chi- 
valry of Scotland in tin- days of King Robert Bruce, including 
the royal limit at Roslift, by lames Jackson. hdinbur^h, 

UNE, T890.J 



The terms of tenure is varied somewhat in the 
current legend by making Clerk blow his own 

Whatever may have been the case in the 
olden times, the Clerks of the present da)' hold 
their lands by the more substantial right of 
purcliase ; and not by any of these romantic I 
methods which would seem to have been in 
vogue in the ''dark ages." True it is that the 
family motto is "Free for a blast," but accord- 
ing to a ".list of family mottoes/' that particular 
one is also borne by the Pennicuiks and the 
Rattrays. Douglas 1 says that the found'.:! - of I 
the family was William Clerk, a merchant bur- j 
gess of Montrose, who died circa 1620. The | 
lands of Pennicuik were bought by his son, who, 
after a thirteen years' residence in France, re- \ 
turned to Scotland in 1647 with a fortune of at 
least 10,000, as his son informs us. John's j 
son was Sir John Clerk, the first baronet, the 
patent of the title being dated March 24, 1679. 
His successor, Sir John, was appointed one of 
the barons of Exchequer in (707, and a Com- 
missioner for the Union, lie died in 1755, at 
the age of seventy-One, or seventy-nine as some 
would have it. 

The same authority gives the arms of the 
Clerks as follows:- " Or, a fess checkee azure 

and argent 
and a boar 
the baron's 
crescents ;" 
issuing out 

be twecn i\\ 


s head 

badge on the < 
and his crest 
"f the wreath 

scents in chief, gules, 
in base, sable, with 
lief between the two 
as " a demi-hunter, 
and winding a horn 

Calder koss. 


Inscription on Months' Lopoe, Mor- 

MOND (lib, 1 55).- The extracts to which Mr. 
Thomson refers are from Pratt's Buchan, third 
edition, 1870. A note, same page (144), relating 
to the 1858 edition, is worth quoting : — " In a 
clever review of this work, in the Edinburgh 
Daily Express of February 27th, 1858, the writer 
asks — ' Why have we no hint of that famous 
though rather mythical waterspout which burst 
on the south-west shoulder of Mormon d Hill, 
tearing vast masses of moss from their native 
bed, and hurrying them to and down the North 
Ugid, so that, as a local poet has pithily ex- 
pressed it — 

It took tlit- peats to Peterhead; 

The people there had nmckle need.' " 

Dr. Pratt then gives an account, which he had 
from an eyewitness, of the waterspout and its 
consequences.- -The Laird of Strichen who built 
the Hunters* Lodge and formed the While 

j8.)8. Jackson was ;i native of Pennicuik. Sir Walter Scotl 
has really the r>ame story in his Minstrehy of the Scottish 

1 Douglas' Baronage of Scotland, 17^8. 

Horse of Mormond) appears to have been a very 
eccentric character. It is not certain whether 
the Horse was placed by the laird, or by the 
tenantry on his [ordship's attaining his majority. 
In " Notes of Strichen and its Neighbourhood," 
Banffshire Journal, Feby. 8th and 15th, 1859, 
the writer, besides the ghost Story, placing of 
the White Horse, the waterspout, and other in- 
teresting incidents, gives some of the Laird's 
sayings and doings and eccentricities, among 
which last may be included " Strichen's Devil." 
These Notes are well worth reading, but pro- 
bably not many have preserved the papers in 
which they appeared. 

Macduff. J. C. 

There was greater loss at Culloden. 

— This, in my earl) days, I often heard, and it 
always fitly applied. "There was mair loss at 
Oulloden, fin," as the wife said, "she lost her guid- 
man and her twa sons, an' a gweed buff belt 
worth them a'." 

Macduff. J. C. 

A Large Family.— The following is a 

curiosity in its way. Isobel, sister of Earl Fife, 
married ( 1 6th April, 1706) Alexander Mackin- 
tosh of Blervie. Issue (22 in all) : — 

William b. [Jth January, 1707. 

John 1). 8th May, 1708.' 

Jean b. 4th July, 1709. 

I Men 1). 2Qth May, 1710. 

Alexander 1>. 19th fune, 171 1. 

Catherine 1>. 25th Jul)', 1712. 

fames b, rst November, 1713. 

'.Mary I). 1st January, 171 5. 

Elizabeth b. oth January, 1716. * 

L.n-hlan 1-. 1 6th February, 1717. 

Magdalen b. 22iul March, 17 iS. 

I ,ucTov'ic!< h. 27th April, 1719. 

fanet h. 22nd July, 1720. 

Anne b. 8th October, 1721. 

Alexander (2) h. 28th January, 1723. 

fohn (2) b. 14th May, 1724. 

Isobel b. 28th September, 1725. 

Rachel h. [6th October, 1726. 

George l>. r8lh December, 1727. 

Charles b. 8th May, 1729. 

Christina b. 8th August, 1730. 

Mary (2} h. 23rd May, 1731. C, 

A Journey from London to Banffshire 
tN 1 he Olden Time. 

Dehursementi by Charles from London to Duff House. 

Mar. 14. 

At London 10 Enfield, chaises and 2 Sadie 

Horse and post boy, 19 o 

At Enfield to Hertford and post boys, ... o 15 9 

To Hertford denner and servant, o 11 8 

At Hertford to Stevenage and post hoys, o 19 6 
At Stevenage to Biggleswade and postboys, 1 17 

1 6 


[June, 1890. 

To Biggleswade one night and servants, £0 19 4 
Mar. 15. 

At Biggleswade to Buckden and post hoys, 1 14 6 
To Buckden breakfast and servant, ...067 
At Buckden to Stilton and post hoys, ... 1 14 6 

At Stilton to Stamford and ditto, ... 1 7 6 

At Stamford to Wiltham Comon and post 

boys 15 6 

To Wiltham Comon, Denner, and servant, 094 
At Wiltham Comon to Gramtham and 

post hoys, ... ... ... ... I 14 6 

At Gramtham to Newark and post hoys, 1 10 o 
At Newark to Scarthing moor and post 

hoys, I II O 

To Scarthing moor one night and servant, 1 1 1 
Mar 16. 

At Scarthing moor to Barnby moor and 

post hoys, ... ... ... ... 114 6 

At Barnby Moor to Doneasters and post 

To Doneasters, breakfast and servant, ... 
At Doneasters to Feer. Briadge and post 

At Fer. Briadge to Weathemhy and post 

At Weathemhy to Borrowhriadge and post 
hoys, ... ... ... 

To Borrowbridge one night and servant, 
Mar. 17. 

At. Borrowhridge to Northalleton and post 


To Northalleton Breckfast and servant,... 
At Northalleton to Darlington and boys, 
At Darlington to Durham and post boys, 
To Durham for servant, eating and beer, 
At Durham to Newcastle ami post boy,... 
To Newcastle one night and servant, 
Mar. 18. 

At Newcastle to Morpeth and post hoy.-,, 
To Morpeth, Breckfast and servant, 
At Morpeth 10 Withingham and post hoys, 
Ai Withingham to fclaughead and post 

To Haughead Breckfast and Servant, 

At Eiaughead to Corhill and post hoys, ... 

At Corhill to Greenlaw and post hoy.-,, ... 

To Greenlaw one night and servant, 

At Greenlaw to Norton and post hoys, ... 

Mar. 19. 
To Vorton, Breckfast and servant, 
At Norton 10 Blackrields and post hoys, 
At Blackrields tp Edinburgh and post boys, 
To Edinburgh denner and servant, 
At Edin r 3 chaises to Queensferrie and 

post hoys, 
At Queensferry fur a boat, 
At N. Queensferie for transport and bag- 

ages; ... .. 
At N. Queensferie one night and servant, 
Mat. 20. 

At N. Queensferie to Kinross chaises and 
sadle horse and bag, 

19 o 
10 o 


l S 








1 5 













































To Kinross denner and servant, ... ... £1 

At Kinross to Perth chaises saddle horse 

post boy, ... ... ... ... 

To Perth one night ami servant, ... ... 2 

Mar. 21. 

To Glamiss denner and servant, ... ... 1 

At Perth to Brichen chaises saddle horse 

and drawing, .. ... ... . . 2 

To Brichen one night and servant, ... 2 

To Brichen for Sterps and sterps forsadeter, c 

Mar. 22. 

To Miln, Stonhaven, Denner, ... ... 1 

At Brichen to Aberdeen Chaises and &c, 2 
Aberdeen to the poor ami boy send out in 

Comission, ... ... ... ... c 

At Aberdeen one night and servant, ... 3 

At Old Muldrum, Denner, 1 

At Aberdeen to Duff House Chaises and 

drawers, ... ... ... .;, 2 

A bill to Wm. King for expenses for 

Chaises, &c, ... ... ... ... 3 

For turnpikes from London to Edinburgh, 1 
Ditto from Edin r to Duff House and Turn- 
pikes, c 


11 54 

o 6 

7 6 

14 r 

4 8 

o 11 

16 7 

8 7 

7 6 

11 10 

5 4 


7 3 
4 5 

o 15 o 


The Authorship of Roy's Wife of 

"The authorship oi the ballad has given the 
literary antiquary some trouble. Allan Cunningham 
says — ' Mr. Cormek, an anxious inquirer into all 
matters illustrative of northern song, ascribes Roy's 
Wife of Aldivalloch to Mrs. Murray of J^ath ; while 
George Thomson, and all other editors of Scottish 
song, impute it to Mrs. Grant of Carron.' The truth 
is that Mis. Murray and Mrs. Grant are one and the 
same person. The authoress was born at Aherlour, 
in Banffshire, in 1745, and was married, first, to her 
cousin, Mr. Grant of Carron, near iilchies, and on his 
death, to a physician, Dr. Murray of Bath, where she 
died in 1814 It is still unde- 
termined whether Mrs. Grant's credit lies in origin- 
ating the song, or in recasting some existing poetical 
tradition into more shapely mould, as is the case with 
some of our best songs. In any case it is secure." 

I am encouraged by this passage, winch 
occurs in Historic Scenes in Aberdeenshire, by 
Mr. John Bulloch, 1883 to venture to publish 
the name of another claimant for the authorship, 
namely, George Gordon, who had been in the 
army with, and afterwards servant to, the Duke 
of Gordon, and mostly settled with him at his 
I shooting lodge of Blackwater, in the Cabrach. 
I George was of a convivial turn, and being a 
[great fiddler,, was a welcome guest at all the 
merry-makings and marriages in the district as 
long as he was able. He is said to have 
attended Roy of Aldivalloch's marriage, and 
hearing the story of the disappointed suitor for 

June, 1890.] 


Mrs. Roy's hand, .shortly afterwards composed 
the song. Such, at least, is the story told me in 
all good faith by my informant, now 53 years 
dead, at the age of 80— a story which I have 
always implicitly believed, till the above met my 
eye. Of course 1 see how difficult a task it 
would be to substantiate this statement, about 
which not even a tradition lingers in the district 
at this day. Gordon is said to have been the 
author of many compositions, which he used to 
sing himself. So far as 1 know, these are now 
all lost. I can just recal a single verse of one 
that he used to sing before setting out for home, 
after spending an evening with friends :-— 

The night it is dark, 
And I ca-nna weel see, 

Ami wha 1 will gang through 
The Blackwater wi' me? 

Perhaps the song as we now have it was, as 
Mr. Bulloch suggests, the result, of a literary 
partnership, to which George Gordon brought 
the pabulum, and Mrs. Grant the piquancy and 
polish. 1 may mention that the Blackwater 
L-odge (a commodious mansion) is situated on 
the south end of Glenfiddoch deer forest- -miles 
from any habitation-- amongst the nearest being 
Aldivall'och. ALEXANDER NlCO'L. 



424. 73K.D (Perthshire) Reciment. — Where 
can I find a ,./»- 1 account of this feghnent? 

Keinut'u'. J. C. 

425. Song Wanted,* About 60 years ago, one 
who was nearly related to me, used to sing snatches 
of songs to her children, she came from the borders 
of the Mearns and Forfarshire. One of the songs 
was about the Battle of Waterloo, as no doubt 
many were al that time, and one verse, all that I re- 
member, was as follows : — 

The Forty-twa their swords did draw, 
The French their bugles blew, man, 

Which caused the heart of Bonaparte 
To sink at Waterloo, man. 
And then followe'cl a chorus of the usual tol-de-rol 
style. The author was probably one of the country 
bards common then, who were not very particular 
about the fitness of things, the one great object being 
to make the lines "(dink." If there is not much 
reason in the above- lines, there is certainly good 
rhyme. As 1 suspect the song was confined to the 
watershed of the North and South Esks, it may not 
be known elsewhere, and probably not there now ; 
but if any one has heard of it , and could give the other 
verses, I would be greatly obliged. J. 

426. Grizel Urquhart. — Gruel Urquhart was 
the only surviving child of Colonel James Urquhart 
of Cromarty, who was the last male of the direel line, 
ami died in 1741. Unscientific genealogy says she 

married a relation named Rose — n clergyman, and 
had a son bom in 1730. There is, however, proof 
that she was unmarried in 1 7 4 3 . Can any Aberdeen- 
shire kin give further traces of her? 

M. Gilchrist. 

427. Drs. Jamks KeitH and Alexander 
Rosk. — Dr. James Keith died in London in 1726. 
He took his degree at Aberdeen in 1704, and was ad- 
mitted Licentiate of the College of Physicians, 
London, in 1706. In his will, he names his hooks in 
Spanish, Polish, High and Low Dutch— and his 
valuable collection of spiritual ones. Some of his 
money was in the hands of Bannermari of Flsick, 
evidently a relation. His sister was wife of Dr. Alex- 
ander Rose of Aberdeen. Dr. A. Rose was born in 
1698, and died in May, 1778. lie studied at Leyden, 
under Boerhaave. The Roses of Tilliesnacht, parish 
of Birse, were his "relations.," and George Rose of 
the Treasury, his "cousin." 1 1 is father died in 1724, 
or just before that yean From families did 
those two descend ? M. GILCHRIST. 

428. John, Earl of Middleton. Tradition 
says that John, F.arl of Middleton, in his titledess 
days, and before he followed the drum, dabbled in 
literature. ho any remains ol his efforts exist ? 

NT. Gilchrist. 

429. FUGERONE OATS. — Can an)' one explain the 
term " fugcrone oats," also written " fudgerone," 
"Sugcronc." It is not in Jamieson. 

M. Gilchrist. 

430. In October, 1 5 S 3 , a Captain James Ross, and 
a Patrick RollolSi were murdered. Are there any 
printed accounts of this slaughter— -or do any MSS. 
detail the circumstances? M. GILCHRIST. 

431. Annie Madle. — Previous to 1678,-died 
Mr. Alexandei Krskine, brothei to the Laird of 
IviiUbuddo, and < hnmherialn to the Fail of Pan mure, 
lie left a widow, Anne Maule. TO what family did 
she belong ? M. (Ill CHRIST. 

4 Queen Street, Edinburgh. 

432. Drawings of the City of A&ekdeen.:— 
A frienil has in his possession, here, two excellent 
water color drawings of the City of Aberdeen, a north 
and a south view, signed "Allen, 1838." Can any 
reader tell of other work by this artist? R. 

YYa ndsworth. 

433. The Newton Stone. — Could any of the 
correspondents versed in archaeology, etc., etc., give 
a rendering of the hieroglyphics and writings on the 
famous "Newton Stone," in the policies of A. M. 
Gordon, Esq. of Newton, G. R. C. 

. Insch. 

434. Scottish Houses with Legends.— Can 

any of your readers give nie a list of country houses 
in Scotland, existing or not existing, with which leg- 
ends are associated— such as Frendraught, the Bonny 
House of Airlie, Bargarron, Gordonstown, and the 
like-— excluding royal castles and mansions whose 
stories are connected with national, as distinguished 
from domestic history. C. R. 

435 " Barrin* he was a bird."— Everyone is 

familial with Sir Uoyle Roche's Jidunt, " Nobody 

[June, 1890. 

can be in two places at once, barrin' he was a bird," 
a trite example of the bull-making propensities of the 
worthy knight. In reading Balzac's Eugenie Grandet 
recently, I find tin- novelist putting tlie same words 
into the mouth of Pete Grandet : — " I c-c-can't he in 
two p-p-placesa! once, unless I were a little b-b-blfd." 
Had Balzac heard the English story, or is the ex- 
pression merely a proverbial one palmed off, , as we 
may well believe many "bulls" were, on the Irish 
M.I'. ? Taurus. 

436. Donald Ban ok Bane.— When he fled from 

Scotland did he settle in Niddersdale or Wensleydale, 
in Yorkshire ; or what were his movements after leav- 
ing Scotland? Reliable information on this point, 
and authorities to be consulted on the subject, will 
oblige, I Famish Bank. 

437. St. Columba's Birthplace.— Was St. Co- 

lumba bom in Scotland or in Ireland ? Several 
writers asseit, just as Scotland gave St. Patrick to 
Ireland, Ireland sent St. Columba to Scotland. Some 
doubt as to the latter fact seems to exist. Can any 
reader stale which assertion is correct ? 



239. Lyell, Buchanan, and Hay Families 
(II., 156). —If " L." has not received .sufficient infor- 
mation by this time in regard to the Lyells of Murthill, 
perhaps the following would be ol interest, which he 
will find in Warden's Forfarshire^ vol. v., p. 202, 
viz. : — 

"The Ramsays of Auchterhouse acquired the lands 
and mill of Murthill. Sir Henry Ramsay was pro- 
prietor about 1359. He, on 6th April, 1365, was 
witness of a charter regarding the lands of Glenbervy, 
lie had piobably been the lather or brother of 
Sir Malcolm Ramsay of Auchterhouse, who granted 
a charter of the lands ami mill of Murthill to 
Hugh Lyell. This charter was confirmed by Robert II. 
on 16th June, J736, at Perth. The Lyells retained 
possession of Murthill lor a long period, as is shown 
by the following details :- - 

"On 2nd September, 1653, Alexander Lyell of 
Murthill, heir of .Colonel John Lyell of Murthill, his 
father, was rctoutvd in I he kirk lands of Tannadice, 
called barnyards - E. /, i 5 of feu-duty. And on 
3rd February, 1654, Alexander Lyell also succeeded 
his father, the Colonel, in the lands of Murthill. 
On 17th December, [657, John Lyell of Murthill, 
heir of his brother, Alexander Lyell of .Murthill, was 
retoured in the tow n and lands of Wester Dobies-and 
Whytwall, with common pasturage O.E ['8s., N.E. 
£l 12s. Ochlerlony, 1084-5, says Murthill was 
owned by Lyell, ane ancient family, and chieff of his 
name, a pleasant place, lying upon the water of the 
South Lsk. 

''The Lyells were succeeded in Murthill by the 
Ogilvys towards the end of the seventeenth century, 
but one of them owned part of the lands a century 
before that period." Li TTL EFI R LOT. 

413. {ON A or lot) A tHI., 173). The interesting 
little Island, now called lona, has undergone many 

changes of name. The earliest, so far as now known, 
was Innis - nau • Druinneach (Isle of Druids), on 
account of the Druids having had a school there. 
After St. Columba was connected with it, it went 
under the name of Ii - cholum - chillc (Island of 
Columba's cell). It still retains that name in a 
corrupted form, "Icohnkill." Historians who wrote 
in Latin, called it '' Insula Sancta." By early authors 
it is often written— Y. Hy, llii, Ii (pronounced Ee), 
which means "The Island."' Again you find llyona, 
and Ii-shona. Pennnnt in his Tour in Scotland, says 
it is from the Hebrew, Jonah, from the idea that 
Columba in Latin, and Jonah in H ebrew , signifies a 
dove. Adamnan, in his lite of Columba, notices the 
identity of meaning between the name of the Saint 
and the Prophet Jonah ; but in nowise hints that the 
Island derived its name from that source. There can 
he no doubt hut that the name is from the Gaelic 
word Ii-shoua, pronounced Ee-houa or Le-oua, and 
which means " Holy Island." I have no idea where 
Jervise got his Ioua. I). II. F. L. 

87 Haldon Road, Wandsworth. 

420. "Touching a Cori»sr" (III., 190).— It is 

customary, especially among the poor, for those who 
come to look at "the remains" to touch the corpse, 
thereby showing that they owe the departed one no 
grudge; should any one not touch the body, he would 
be haunted for several nights with fearful dreams. 
Children and infants, even despite their screams and 
fears, were made to touch the body ; and if a child 
who had seen a corpse, but had omitted to touch it, 
were shortly afterwards to .^tart or scream in its sleep, 
it was supposed to have seen the ghost of the dead 
person. G. B. C. 


421. Nouih Country Names (III., 190). — 

Fedderal and Frendraught. Fedde'rat is in the parish 
ol New l>eer, about a mile and a half north-west from 
Brucklaw Castle. The Castle of Fedderal had been 
once of great strength ; but it has suffered much from 
time, and still more from vandalism. A large portion 
of the castle, about 35 years ago, was blown down 
by gunpowder. What, remains, a gaunt hoary ruin, 
L not far from the road that leads from New Maud to 
Monquhittcr. It belonged, before 1214, to Fergus, 
Earl of Buchan, afterwards to the (haw fords, till 
before 1591 — to the I r vines of Drum -to Forbes of 
Ballogie — to the Earls of Aberdeen - to Dingwall of 
Brucklay — and is now the property of Canon bridges 
of lieddington, Surrey. 

Frendraught is in the parish of Forgue, and this is 
! the modern spelling. In 1203, Michael de Fren- 
drach was the owner. In \2()(j, his descendant, Sir 
I Duncan de Krcndrach, swore fealty, and did homage 
>k part with that king, lost 
lis Scottish possessions. He 
I died in England in battle. His widow, Eve, and his 
father-in-law, Sir Gilbert de Glencannie (as we learn 
from bain's Calendar of Scotch Documents) were long 
I pensioners of the English Court. After Bannockburn, 
! there is a charter (in Robertson's Index) given by 
I King Robert the Bruce to John Stewart. After him, 
i Margaret de Frendrach owned it. According to 
I Dr. John Stuart, she Was a daughter of Sir Duncan's. 

I to Edward 1. He t 
Frendraught, and all 

June, 1890.] 




Lord Saltoun, in his History of the Frasers, inclined to 
the opinion that she was a daughter of John Stewart. 
She married James Fraser, whose family owned 
Frendraught for one or two generations, ending in an 
heiress, Matilda Fraser. She married Alexander 
Dunbar, second son of James Dunbar, 1st Earl of 
Moray of that name. It ended again in an heiress, 
Janet Dunbar, who married Lord William Crichton, 
son of Lord Chancellor Crichton — and Frendraught 
was in possession of her descendants for nearly 250 

In 1630, the Castle of Frendraught was mysteriously 
burned. Sir James Crichton, and especially his wife, 
Elizabeth, a daughter ol the 12th Earl of Sutherland, 
were suspected, in order to gratify a private wrong, of 
having set fire to the castle ; but though they were 
long under suspicion, guilt was never brought home 
either to the one or the other— -and the burning of 
Frendraught is shrouded to tins day in impenetrable 

In the following stanza of a ballad which em- 
bodies the popular suspicion, Frendraught is called 
11 Frennet." 

When Frennet's Castle's ivied walls, 

Through yellow leaves were seen, 

When birds forsook the sapless boughs, 

And bees the faded green ; 

Then Lady Frennet, vengeful dame, 

Did wander (rae the ha', 

To the wild Forest's Dowie Glen, 

Among the leaves thai fa.', 
there to entice her victims to the castle, and to burn 
them. All the deeds in the "great kist " were burned, 
save two which chanced to be in Edinburgh. And 
circa 1646, Lord Frendraught obtained an act from 
the Scotch Parliament making good his rights to 
Frendraught. Soon after this List dale, Frendraught 
was wadset to Rev. W. Gregorie oi Drumoch. The 
wadset passed from his son David in 1087, to 
George Morison of Bognie, and to his wife, the 
Viscountess Frendraught, widow of James II. Viscount 
Frendraught. It is now the properly of their descend- 
ant, Major Morison of Bognie. W. Temple. 
423. Bishop Alexander Geddes (III., 190). — 

Is your correspondent, "St. Giles," not labouring 
under some mistake as to " Bishop Alexander 
Geddes?" Upon a reference to various authorities, 
I can find no Bishop Alexander Geddes, but in 
"Gibson's burns' Calendar," I find under the llth 
February, the " Right Rev. John Geddes, C.C., 
Bishop of Morocco in Parti bus, correspondent of 
Burns, died at Aberdeen, '799-" T. G. S. 


423. bishop Alexander Geddes was born at Arra- 
dowl, Banffshire, in 1737 (see Library Edition of 
Life and Works of Burns, edited by Robert Chambers, 
vol. III., page 10). T. W. McD. 


423. Alexander Geddes never was a bishop — he 
was an LL.D. of Aberdeen ; neither was he Burns' 
correspondent in 17S9. lie was born at Arradoul, 
Buckie, Banffshire, in 1737. He was a clever but 
eccentric priest only. lie was chaplain at Traquair 

House, Peebles, for a time, after which lie had charge 
of the Mission at Auchinharlig, near Preshome, and 
built part of the present chapel there. He got him- 
self into difficulties speculating on house property, 
&C, and left the district for London, where he ob- 
tained a chaplaincy ; and later on Lord Petre settled 
an annuity of £200 a year on him for lift. He died 
in London on February 26, 1802, aged 65, and was 
buried in the churchyard of Paddington, where a 
tablet to his memory is still to be seen. The Univer- 
sity of Aberdeen paid a tribute luifrecedented to his 
undoubted genius by conferring on him the degree of 
Doctor of Laws. It was Bishop John Geddes, the 
only bishop of the name, a relativ e of Dr. Alexander 
Geddes, also born in the same district of Banffshire, 
on 9th September, 1 735, who was Burns' correspon- 
dent in 1789. He fust met the Poet Burns at Lord 
Monboddo's house in Edinburgh, in 1789, eight years 
after Dr. Alexander Geddes had left Scotland for 
good. St. Giles has confused the two names. 

80 King Street, Aberdeen. Wm. Gordon. 

423. I cannot answer your correspondent's inquiry 
definitely, not. knowing who the particular Geddes he 
alludes to as in correspondence with Burns in 1789 
can have been. I would suggest to him, however, 
to consider whether the correspondent named may 
no! have been (he celebrated Roman Catholic Divine 
and Poet, Dr. Alexander Geddes, the aulhor of the 
popular Jacobite song, " O send Lewie Gordon 
haiiie," as well as the favourite humorous song, " The 
Wee VVifikie;" Dr, Alexander Geddes was born in 
1737, at Pathhead, Arradowl, Rathven parish, Banff- 
shire. As he was never a bishop, however, he can- 
not be the person with that title who corresponded 
with Burns in 1789. Geddes had a cousin named 
John, who also studied for the Roman CatholicJ)riest- 
hood, and who afterwards became titular Bisnop of 
Dunkeld. May the names and titles of the two Di- 
vines not have got confused somehow ? I give this 
suggestion for what it is worth. 

Dollar. W. B. R. W*. 


The Poems of William Leighton. London : 

Elliott Stock, 1S90. [Pp, xii. + 270, cr. 8vo.] 
SPRUNG from a family who loved literature, and 
some of w hom possessed a poetic pen, the author 
of this goodly volume may be said lo have inhe- 
rited the gift. Thus favourably conditioned he 
really " lisped in numbers," but nothing is more 
obvious, as the result of careful study and culti- 
vation, than the progress of his muse, alike in 
the author's poetical conceptions and in his 
growing mastery of expression. The editor has 
acted wisely in giving the poems in chronologi- 
cal order, a plan which at once does justice to 
the poet and is instructive to the reader. It is 
also suggestive of the possible attainments of 
the author, had his brief life not terminated at 
the early age of 28. The greater portion of the 
volume shows the Poet in esse, — sweet, calm, 



[Junk, 1890. 

sympathetic ; the remainder begins to exhibit 
the Poet in /><>ss<\ shaking off his early mimetic 
bonds, and striking out boldly and in a manner 
to recal another Scottish poet of rare ability, 
David Gray, and his Luggie. These poems of 
Mr. Leighton's grow on one, a true test of merit. 
Mr. John Leighton, the author's brother, has il- 
lustrated and edited the volume with much care 
and in fine taste. Ed. 
Notes on the Lands of Dumbreck and Orchard- 
to-wn, in the Parish of Udny, and of some 
Ancient Weapons of the Stone Period, &c, 
found thereon. By the Rev. Wm. Temple, 
M.A., F.S.A. Scot., Incumbent of S. Mar- 
garet's, Forgue. Banff, 1890. 
THIS little pamphlet of some 12 pp. of matter is 
an interesting fragment of local history, and 
told very succinctly. Orchardtown, once an 
integral portion of the lands of Dumbreck, 
seems to have yielded an unusual harvest of 
antique remains ; and such as have not been 
housed in the Museum of the Society of Anti- 
quaries, Edinburgh, the author will be pleased 
to exhibit to tin: curious at the Parsonage at 
Forgue. En. 

The Preservation ok Session Records. 
— The Aberdeen Established Presbytery, on the 
recommendation of Mr. J. A. Henderson, Cults 
— the author of the History of Banchory-Deve- 
nick- — have adopted the following resolution, and 
it is' to be hoped their example will be largely 
followed by other Presbyteries : — 

M Whereas no strict rules have been laid down by 
the Church foi the preservation of session records and 
relative documents, and whereas many of these papers, 
which are of much historical as well as ecclesiastical 
value, are liable to go amissing without the possibi- 
lity of their being traced, the Presbytery of Aberdeen 
humbly overture the Venerable the General Assembly 
to take the foregoing premises into their consideration, 
and to direct the Presbyteries to see that the kirk- 
sessions within their respective hounds cause inven- 
tories of all records and documents to he made out and 
compared with the actual decuments by a committee 
of at least two out of each session, and, when found 
correct, to be engrossed into the session minute ; and 
that no Presbytery be at liberty to attest session minute 
books without this rule being strictly complied, with." 



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Vol. IV.] No. 2. 

JULY, 1890. 

Notes :— 

Seals of Burgh and County Families, 

Old Deer— An Old Book and an Old Record, 

Scraps a/ Buchan Folk Lore, 

Trial of Corstornhine Witches. 



• Periodical Literature, .. 
Scottish Development, .. 
the Name, family, and Anus of 


• • 2 3 
.. 24 
•• 2 5 
.. 27 
.. 28 

Ayrshire as u Fa- 
Notes on the Ori| 
Skene, . . . . . . . . . . . . . • • 34 

The Duke of Clarence and Avondale 37 

Minor Notes : — 

" The Buckstane," .. .. .. .. .. • • 37 

Old Sayings, Maxims, and Local Proverbs, .. ..38 

An Old Ball Account, 38 

The Alphabet ,. 3^. 

Queries :— 

Date Wanted— Angus Famih — MSS. relating to Scot- 
tish Universities - Falconer of Phesdo— Row— Sir Robt. 
Murray; P.R.S., First President of the Royal Society— 
William Hamilton of Bangour, .. .. .. ..38 

Answers : — 

Ougin of. the Penny Post in Edinburgh — 73rd Perth- 
shire Regiment — The Newton Stone— St. Columba's 
Birthplace, 39 

Literature, . . ,.),.. .. ..40 




( ( \mtinucd from I ','/. ///., page iyy). 

10. iRVINO. This seal is attached to an 
Instrument of Resignation, dated 3rd November, 
t 599, by which George Knowis, burgess of 
Aberdeen, resigns his half net's salmon fishing 
of the Raik and Stellis in favour of Andrew 
Burnett. The arms on the seal are those as 
borne by the family of Drum, viz. : -Three small 
sheafs or bundles of holly, each consisting of 
as many leaves, sliped ; banded together — | 
S. M. RECARDl Irving. Mr. Richard living, 
whose seal is attached to the resignation as 
witnessing ^baillie, was a magistrate on five 
occasions between 1591 and 1607. 

11. TULLIDAFF. This seal is attached to the 
charter granted by Alexander Auchiieiflf in 
favour of David Anderson, dated 19th March, 
1 5 2 9-3°) and already referred to. The charge 
on this seal is ;i hind couchant between a star in 
chief and in base. In Tom's MS. there are said 
to be two stars in chief and a crescent in base, 
while Stodart thinks that the animal in 'the 
centre resembles a rabbit rather than a hind 
couchant. The legend is- S. An dp ft: TOU- 

LEDE v. This family took its name from the 
barony of TullydafF in Aberdeenshire, and mem- 
bers of the family are met with in local records 
very frequently. Andrew Tullidaffwas a baillie 
on five occasions during the decade 1 529-1 539, 
and his seal is attached to this charier in his 
official capacity. 

1:2. BLINSEILE. This seal is attached to a 
deed of gilt endowing St. Ninian's Chapel on 
the Castle Hill, dated 2nd May, 1504. The 
charge on the seal is barry of six ; on the second 
bar two holly leaves paleways between as many 
mullets ; on the fourth bar, a mullet between 
two martlets ; on the fifth bar a cross ; the sixth 
bar fretty the legend, S. ROBERTI BLINSEILE. 
In the Kai l of Crawford's MS. there is a coat 
blazoned somewhat resembling the above, viz., 
argent between two bars azure ; a mullet between 
two martlets in f'ess gules ; in chief two holly 
leaves paleways vert between as many mullets 
of tin: third ; in base a chevron sable. In Burke's 
Heraldic Illustrations, under the name " Blen- 
shell or Blinshall," he gives for the Aberdeen 
family of that name - -azure, on a fess argent, a 
mullet between two martlets sable ; in base a 
chevron oi the second ; on a chief argent*two 
holly leaves vert between as many mullets of 
the third. Another coat preserved in Sir James 
Balfour's MS.' is totally different from any of 
the above, viz., a. saltier between two cross 
crosslets fitchee in pale, and two mullets pierced 
in fess. Robert Blinseile was one of the sons of 
Robert Blinseile and his wife Elizabeth Ruther- 
ford, .and, like the rest of his family, took an 
active share in the municipal government of his 
native burgh. He was elected a magistrate for 
the first time in 1472, and ten years later he was 
chosen Provost,>an office which he filled for one 

12A. LESLIE. This seal is that of the witness- 
ing baillie attached to the deed of gift executed 
by Blinseile in 1504. The baillie's seal shows 
the paternal arms of Leslie, viz. : — A bend 
charged with three buckles, differenced by an 
arrow in bend sinister point downwards. — 
S. THOME LESLIE. Leslie's name appears 
among the list of magistrates almost con- 
tinuously from 1495 1 50S. 

Alex. M. Munro. 

1 Stodart's Arnt< 

2 4 


[July, 1890. 


I RECENTLY came into possession of a curious ! 
old document, an account of the distribution of 
the Pool's Money and Common Good of the 
Kirk of Deer for the years 1709:1111! [710. It is 
wri tten on the fly-leaf of a folio copy of a trans- 
lation of Eusebius* Ecclesiastical History^ which 
belonged to Mr. Watt of the Episcopal Chapel 
at Old Deer, the father of Dr. Watt, who left 
money for Educational purposes for the Parish 
of Old Deer, and also for the Old Mill Reform- 
atory, and House of Refuge, Aberdeen. On the 
second fly-leaf of the volume is the inscription : 
"Ex Libris Joannis Watt Presbyteri Eccleseae 
Angl : apud Old Deer. 1754." The book is 
printed in Black Letter, quotations, titles of chap- 
ters and rubrics being in italics or script and ! 
Roman type. The title page of the original is 
wanting, and has been supplied in MS. It 
reads :- The Ecclesiastical History of Ettse- 
bius Pamphilus Bp of Caesaria, Socrates Scho- 
lasticus and Evagrius Scholasticus taking in 595 
years, together with the Lives, the Ends, and 
Martyrdoms of the Prophets, Apostles, and 
Seventy Disciples by Dorotheus Bp of Tyrus as 
also a Chronography from the Beginning of the 
World to the birth of Christ, and from thence 
continued to the twelfth year of the Emperor 
Mauricius being the 595th year of the Christian 
era, by M. H. the Translator. London printed 
by Richard Field in the Black Friars. 1607." 

The History by Eusebius extends to [97 folios, 
and is followed by that of Socrates Scholasticus, 
"beginning where Eusebius loft and Ending an 
Hundred and fortie years alter." "Written in 
the Greeke tongue above a thousand yeares 
agoe, and translated by M. 11." On folio 401, 
a "Jo: B, i 733 J ' has written - 

" To father Sun and 1 10I3 Ghost 
On God vyhom wee adore 
]!e glory as it was is flQ\v 
And shall he evermore." 

Then follows "The Ecclesiastical History of 
Evagrius Scholasticus, a noble man of Antioch 
and one of the Emperours Lieutenants : com- 
prised in sixe books beginning where Socrates 
left and Ending an hundred an Seventy yeares 
after. Written in the Greeke tongue about nine 
hundred yeares ago, and translated by M. H." 
This goes on to folio 512, and is followed by 
"The Lives, the Ends and the Martyrdoms of 
the Prophets, Apostles and Seventie disciples of 
ovr Saviovr. Written in ■ by Dorotheus 
Bishop of Tyrus aboue a thousand yeares ago, 
and now translated by M. II." 

The Chronography follows. It is very curi- 
ous. The title is "A Chronographie with a 

SUpputation of the yeares from the beginning of 
the World unto the birth of Christ and con- 
tinued from the birth of Christ (w here Eusebius 
Chiefly, Socrates, Evagrius, and Dorotheus after 
him do w rite, unto the t welfth yeare of the raigne 
of Mauricius the EmjJerour, being the full time of 
si\e hundred, wanting only five yeares after 
Christ, and the purest age : Containing the Acts 
o( Christ ; the yeares of the incarnation : the 
famous men, with the martyrs and fauouers of 
the truth in all times : the raigne of the 
Emperours: the Kings of Judaea; the succes- 
sion of high priests in Jerusalem as. long as they 
lasted : after them the succession of Bishops, 
especially in tin; most famous Churches, as Jeru- 
salem, Antioch, Rome, Alexandria, with others: 
the Councels within this time summoned, and 
the heretickes Condemned. All which are faith- 
fully Colle< ted, Chiefly outoi Eusebius, Socrates, 
and Evagrius, and where they are silent out of 
other ancient writers : by M. II." 1607. 

It begins with Adam. Places the Deluge 
Anno Mundi 1656. Deliverance from Egypt 
A.M. 2453. Translation of the Septuagi 11 1 about 
A.M. 3790. The Birth of Christ A.M. 3970. 
This part he sums up thus:- -"The received 
opinion, namely of Augustine, Justin us Martyr, 
I reneus, M muster, Ludovicus Carethis, with others 
is, that the world .shall last sexe thousand years; 
two thousand before the Law, two thousand 
under the Law, and two thousand under Messias, 
that is, Christ. Againe I read that our Saviour 
said in the Gospell, the Law- and tin* prophets 
to have ended in John. And if the common 
opinion be true, then were the four thousand 
yeares expired. From thence let us begin with 
Christ as it is in the Chronographie following." 

The later portion is arranged in four parallel 
columns, headed — 

I. The acts of Christ and the years of the 
II. The raigne of the Emperours. 

III. The famous men and favourers of the 


IV. The Kings of 1 udoea. 

V. The High-priest of the lews in Jerusalem. 
VI. Sects and Heretickes as well among the 
Jevves as afterwards among the Chris- 

As we get down the stream of time additional 
columns are added to present " The Councells" ; 
"'idie Bishops of Jerusalem" ; "The Bishops of 
Antioch"; "of Rome"; "of Alexandria"; 
" The Lathers of the Church." The column for 
"The Incarnation" is replaced by one of dates 
A.D. In 73 Jerusalem was destroyed, and both 
Kings and Priests of the Jews disappear, and 
thereafter the columns are confined to the Dates, 
Emperors, Fathers, Counsels, Bishops and He- 

July, 1890. J 


relics. It ends in 595, and is quaintly summed 
up thus: — " 1 1 itherto, (Gentle Reader), have 1 
runne over in this Chronographie the principal! 
things, which are to be considered within the 
first sixe hundred yeares after Christ, as farre 
fourth as these Authors, whose histories 1 trans- 
lated, have continnued their times. Evagrius, 
the last of the Historiographers, ended the 
twelfth yeare of Mauricius the Empereur, and 
there J rest with him, leaving the limes follow- 
ing, (which are wonderfully corrupted), to such 
as are disposed to discourse of them. This tra- 
vel] have I taken, that the truth of the purest 
age after Christ might appeare, and the state of 
the most aun< ient Churches might he knowne 
of such as in these dayes seeke to overthrow the 
State, bring the religion to contempt, the Chris- 
tians to a lawlesse securitie, hoping that by the 
view of orderly discipline, things which be amisse 
may be redressed accordingly. I wish thee 
health, knowledge of the truth, feare of God, 
faith to beleeue in him, thy soules health, and 
saluation in the end. Farewell," 

The volume is bound in dark leather back 
with parchment sides. I presume it had de- 
scended from the minister to the doctor, and at 
the hitter's death passed with the owner's other 
effects into the custody of his agents who carried 
out the winding up of his estate, — the Messrs. 
Chalmers of Aberdeen. The late Mr. Patk. II. j 
Chalmers desired that it should be preserved rn | 
the Library at Kinmundy, as possessing an in- 
teresting record connected with the parish 180 j 
years ago. After his decease his representatives 
carried out his wish, and the volume is now 1 
here. 1 append a transcript of the MS. relating 
to the Poor of the Kirk of Deer. 

W11. Ferguson. 


Discharge, of the Poor s Money and Common Good, 
170Q and rj/o years December qth ifog Fry- 
da)' The poores vtoue.y and Common good of the 
Kirk of Deer ions distributed as follows, vi~t. : — 

Margaret Will 1m Milhill, 





Christina Dickie in Cabrach',,*... 





Jean Henderson, Little Creichie 




Christian Fraser in Shr.imas, ... 





Nicolas Sim in Aden, 





Majory Grige in Lcnwells, 





Andrew Yet! in Durie& his wife, 








Susanna Dalgarno in Little 






Janet Scorjack in Shannas, 





Isohel Gourlay, Over Kinnockie 





Barbara Bruce in Annachic, , 








Christian Wilson there, 




VVilso 1 

Catherine Henderson, Craighfll, 01 




Margaret Teller in Annochie, .. 00 10 GO Celler 

Isohel Dickie in Deer, 00 12 00 Dickie 

David Sandy in Dun&hillock, 00 12 00 Sanely 

Mary Roily in Coynack, 01 00 00 Lolly 

Alexander Findlay.Pettymarcus, 00 14 00 Findlay 
Margaret Hay in Meikle Creichie, 0X3 14 00 Hay 
John Keith in Little Creichie,.,. oi 14 00 Keith 

Jean Dickie in Deer, 00 12 00 Dickie 

George Henderson in Biffie, 10 10 00 Henderson 

Robert Henderson Wright for 

work at the Ministers Bridge, Henderson 
George Crab, wrighi lor assist- 
ing him at the work. 
James Bowman, w righi for as- 
sisting als'> at the work, 01 OO OO Bowman 

The Clark of the Session which 

pays him till Hallow day, oi 00 00 • 'lark 

The 15eggars 00 12 oo Beggars 

Agnes Lawrence in Clola, 00 12 00 Lawrence 

Isohel Feltous in Creichie, 00 14 00 Fettous 

Margaret Elrick in AHrie, 00 14 oo Llriek 

Donald Stewart in Auchrydie,...oo 04 go Stewart 
Christian Will in Auchtidonald,oo 14 00 Will 
JohnBeediehisson, PeHimarcttSjOO 14 00 Beedie 
lames Wyllie, Smith, for mend- 
ing the I lell rocking tree, 00 07 04 Wyllie 

John Murcor in Pettymarcus, ...00 oS 00 Murcor 

Agnes Ogilvie, 00 04 00 Ogilvie 

Isohel Teylyoiir, 00 01 cc Teylyour 

( Continued from /. /jq, Vol. 111.) 
FROM the phraseology used in the game of the 
sanguinary one named I believe it to be of Eng- 
lish origin ; how or at what linn- introduced into 
the, Buchan district, or if farther known in Aber- 
deenshire, 1 am una! ile to say. Another game 
which used to be well known to boys, and car- 
ried out properly at one time, has degenerated 
into a kind of exercise practised on the solo 
principle, In this way it is well calculated to 
cultivate dexterity of hand and eye : but with 
the competitive element introduced it makes an 
excellent game. 

Cattie was first introduced into Peterhead 
about the year 1833, by French fishermen who 
came to buy herrings instead of catching them. 
This practice was carried on for several years, 
a large bounty being paid by the French Go- 
vernment to their own fishermen for the earliest 
importation of herrings. Under this system the 
fishermen found it paid better to buy the early 
fish, and thus make sure of securing the bounty, 
which was considerable. The practice was at 
last found out, and the French fishery laws 

While the French fishing crafts lay in harbour 
waiting for early takes, the crews often amused 
themselves on Sunday mornings playing the 



[July, 1890. 

game of Cat tic, the name by which it was known 
to boys. Men and boys joined together in the 
game, and to see them at the same, and observe 
their gestures, and hear their shouts and merry 
laughter infected the boys in the town, who 
were soon found doing their best on week-days 
in imitation of the foreigners. I cannot say if 
this game was known in Scotland earlier than 
the dale I have given ; but I know it was alto- 
gether unknown to the boys of Peterhead until 
introduced as described. 

This introduction gives a historical and inter- 
national interest to the subject in connection 
with the then position of Scotch and French 
fishing interests. 

In 1833 fishermen were engaged to fish for 
herrings to curers at 8s. per cran, while the 
French fishermen were receiving a larger sum 
as bounty from their own Government for fish 
purchased from Scotch curers. 

This illustration of the wisdom of some fishing 
laws is worth noting, and the facts here given 
have become associated with the game referred 
to, a proof that earl)' impressions of a relative 
kind are as enduring as those absolute and 
direct, and may be of more enduring value when 
carefull y c onsid e red . 

Through the Needle c'e. 

This well known game, which is perhaps the 
oldest known and farthest spread of all juvenile 
games, is not now so well known as it used to 
be in our own country. It would be impossible 
now to trace where it had first originated. It is 
known to the young of all European countries, 
and the Malagasy children were seen by the 
first Europeans who visited them practising, in 
every w ay the same (except the words used ), the 
old game of their childhood and fatherland. 

1 need not here describe this game, which, 
although not so popular as it was in past times, 
is still well remembered ; but it would be inte- 
resting to know if the game is the same, or has 
any relation to Threading the Needle l as kept 
up by Cambridge students as a time-honoured 
custom on their annual day. 

Jingo Ring. 

A well known girls' game, and one which still 
keeps its own, has been long known in the north 
of Scotland by the above name. Some years 
ago, wheal the word Jingo came into popular 
use, it was supposed by some to be a newly 
coined one, by some of the music hall laureates, 
and was introduced into the Jingo literature at 
the time in praise of the money power and light- 
ing qualities of John Hull. It is needless to say 
the word was long known to Aberdonians before 
the time referred to. 

The game, as still gone into with S] nit and 

enjoyment by young girls in Buchan, and other 
parts of our northern counties, may be described 
as follows : — 

A number of girls join hands and form a ring, 
with one in the centre, and while moving round 
with measured steps sing the following- - 
" Here we go by jingo ring, 
By jingo ring, by jingo ring, 
Here we go by jingo ring, 
Round about merry ma lan/y. 
This may be termed the prelude, which re- 
ceives extempore additions as the game pro- 
ceeds, and of rhyming value in proportion to 
the inspiration of the parties engaged in the 
game, words like the follow ing being introduced 
to give variety — 

" Whar was ye so late yestreen? 
Late yestreen, late yestreen, 
Whar was ye so late yestreen ? 
Round about merry ma tanzy. 
Others in the same strain follow, the enjoyment 
of the game depending upon the extempore 
power of the company. 

Gird the Cogie. 
Another game, similar in form to the above, 
used to be acted out by boys, and was known as 
" Gird the Cog ie." 

A boy being placed on his knees in the centre 
of a circle made by other boys, with their caps 
in their hands, they begin by dancing round 
and striking the boy in the centre with their 
caps, at the same time singing — % 
" The cooper comes to gird the cog, 
(bid the cog, gird the cog, 
The cooper comes to gird the cog, 
Wi' axe, and adze and driver. 

Gird the cog, gird the cog. 
The cooper's a good contriver. 
The game used to be played in a somewhat 
roughly diverting way, the representative of the 
Cog being expected to receive the girding opera- 
tion without complaining. 

Other out-door games popular with the young 
in the early decades of the present century, and 
which w ere gone into by boys above the class of 
juveniles, had no words attached to them, the 
muscular element being the prevailing charter 
of out-door games after thirteen or fourteen 
years of age. 

The game of Shinty used to be well known to 
schoolboys ; it was a winter game, and usually 
I taken up about Martinmas. In the lower part 
of Buchan it was known as The Cutty Sow, often 
as The Chew or Chow. 

Crnket was first introduced into Buchan about 
the year [824, by General Gordon of Cairness, 
the first game having been played on the Links 
of St. Fergus. A cricket club was formed in 

July 1890.] 



Peterhead at the same time, and was kept up 
for years ; but a lively interest in the game had 
ceased for a while, until some time in the 
forties it again revived. 

The roaring game of Curlings which has lately 
been introduced into the Buchan district, must, 
I think, have been well known at one time. (Old 
curling-stones have been found in the parish of 
Old Deer, but I have no tradition of the game 
having ever been practised in the district. Notes 
on this matter would be interesting, should any 
of the readers of S.AT.&^Q. be able to give them. 

So little is known in Buchan about this game, 
that 1 may state;, that an old farmer in Old Deer 
parish had in his possession, a few years ago, 
some curling-stones, which he used as weights 
tied to ropes thrown over his ricks to keep the 
cover on the crop. About curling-stones and 
the game he knew nothing. 



Extracted from the Parish Register. (See 
Vol. III., p. 122.) 

3rd June 1649. — A Bill of Complaint was given 
by Win, upon Christian W ln sone and fanet 

Baillie for calling his wife Magic Hell a witch 

who compearing denyed they called her a witch 
but they said they had heard sundrie say that 
she gatte not a good word. 

Margt. Aikman avouched in her face that her 
son John Hunter being feed with Margt. Hell to 
krep her kyne and he refusing t" < ome as hi- had 
promised Bell said Margaret Aikman ye shall 
get little good of him. Thereafter John Hunter 
fell into ane sickness not ordinary now extremely 
hot now extremely cold as also that thereafter 
within 8 days or a week Margaret Bell coming 
by their doar Marg 1 Aikman said to her Magic 
Bell come and see the iaad for he has never done 
a good turn since ye said I should get as little 
good of him as ye should if he entered not his 
service. Upon this Bell saycth 3 or 4 times God 
help him and shortly thereafter he grew better 
and better. 

George Cochran deponed upon oatli that Ber- 
nard Ranker) upon his deathbed, (who died of 
witchcraft, as he affirmed,,) said he could not be 
quytc of two wwes Betie Watson and Magic- 

Bessie Scott deponed that Bell asking of her 
some thread or worsted and she refusing Bell 
cursed her and she thereafter fell sick of an ex- 
traordinary sickness and that thereafter Bessie 
was desired by her mother Betie Watson to goe 
down to Magic Bells house and ask her health of 
her for Godsake and pouke her taile q lk she did 
and thereafter coming home she fell asleep and 

when she awakened there came out something 
like a rough worme out of her mouth and 
immediately she recovered. 

Thereafter there were sundrie dittaes brought 
in ag* her by Jeane Brown, Patric Leilche with- 
in the parish of St. Cuthberts and from Dud- 
dingston the Deposition of one John Young sub- 
scribed by Mr. Cha\ Lumsden Minister who 
deponed that she was a charmer 20 years ago 
syck lyke the deposition of Thomas Lawrie and 
his wife dwelling at the West Port subscribed 
by Mr. Hugh SommerviUe Clerk &c. Upon 
these Margaret Bell (by myt of Forresters 
Bailie, and that she had been reputed a witch 
these 20 years by past) was put fast and appoint- 
ed to be straightly watched. 

Thereafter Margaret Bell came to a confession 
and confessed before the Minister Mr. James 
Chalmers and sundrie others that [8 years since 
she dwelling then in Merchistoun she met with 
the Divell upon a night at. even behind the place 
of Merchistoun quho asked her if she wal' 1 be 
his servant to the q ,k she granted arid q lk time 
she renounced her baptisme and was baptised 
over again &c. Thereafter she met sundrie 
times with him both when she dwelt at the 
West Port of Edin r at the back of the Town 
Wall at the quarrel nolle with sundrie others q lr - 
she said were all dead in the Plague, and dwell- 
ing in the Park of Corstorphine she met sundrie 
times with the Divell in the Broons. 

Being asked \\ ho were her consort she con- 
fessed that Ctatteting Megge q' M dwells %n 
Ratho was one, Kett Gibb in Gogar w as another, 
Mario}) IhgliS on the hill was as guilty as she 
herself and Marion Inglis being two several 
times confronted with her she did avouche the 
same confessed also that W 1 " Scott Webster 
was one and Bessie Scott, daughter to Alex r 
Scoit was one also bbt wad not confess she 
knew anie moe. 

Magic Bell held her long at her confession 
bot being condemned to be burnt going to the 
place of execution denyed all by the way and 
dyed denying. 

July [6th 1649 — Magic Bell and Kett Gibb 
were confronted —Magic Bell told her she and 
Kett Gibb with Clattering Meg and Marion 
Inglis had met sundrie times within these 3 years 
in the Park of Corstorphine q 1!v Kett Gibb 

July 22 — The q lk day Kelt Gibb deponed 
before the Minister, Sir John Cupar of Gogar, 
Thomas Alon, John Vorkson Elders Mr. Arch' 1 
Cameron with sundrie others 

I st — That being about 20 years old (and now 
80) upon a day she keeping knolt and sheep in 
the park of Kinin-1 the Divell appeared to her in 
the likeness of a mukill grim man and asked 




| July, 1890. 

her what age she was of* and if she wold be his 
servant q 1 '" answered she wold. 

2"' 1 7 or 8 days after he appeared in same 

place clothed in black at q li time she renounced 
her baptism and he baptised her with water q lk 
he brouirht in something like a cockle shell and 

■me and she 



seel to be Ins 

called her Cathe 
servant, etc. 

3 rd • • • 

4 th "— Deponed that she with her consorts met 
with the Divell 4 times a year ordinarily, and 
conveins them and tells both 
f their meeting. When asked 
consorts she 11 allied a great 
others James Gray in Over 
•, Marion Crawford in Gogar 
tian Gibb in Crawmond whom 
a witch by her fashions and 

the Divell 
that the Divell 
time and place 1 
who were her 
number among 
Gogar, Webste 
Stone and Chri 
she knew to In; 

'ies being 

adoes. She died in a barne sum 
watching her upon Lamb-even in Gogar. 

Augt. 19th 164c). The Confession of Bessie 
Scott who was apprehended on Augt. 17th. 

Bessie Scott confessed that last year Bctie j 
Watson her mother took her to the park in the J 
gloming and said unto her she would take her 
to her master he will be a good master unto you 
when she met with the Divell in the like- j 
ness of a man clothed in grey and as she thought 
he rose out of the ground. There was with her 
also Magic Hell and W" 1 Scott her uncle. Her ' 
Mother said to the Divell she had brought a 
servant to him he asked if she wold be his 
servant and promised to be a good master unto 
her at q lk time he desired her to renounce her 
baptism q 1 ^ she did at t \w \ )i\ ell and her mothers 
persausion, Magic Belibro* water furth of her 
house in a couge and the Divell sprinkled the 
water upon her face and called her maid at q ,k 
time he nipped her q lk was so sore that she cryed 
out and became road (q lk was known to be true 
altho not the Cause thereof) and she continued 
a long time so and was still troubled and feared 
with his si;.;ht &c. 

The Deposition ok W.m. Scott, Marlick. i 
W U1 Scott, Webster, confessed that about 6 
years since he went to Cowbridge with Betie 
Watson and coming home again he met with a 
man by the way Qlothed in brown clothes who 
asked if he wold be his servant and he wold 
give him gold ami gear enough to the q lk lie 
agreed and renounced his baptism and Was 
baptised again. Willie and the Divell nipped 
him thro' the sark and he said it was the sorest 
nip he ever felt. That he met the Divell sundry 
times bot never with any 01 her hot Belie Watson 
and Magic Bell and sometimes Bessie Scott. 
Declaring that he knew nothing to Alex 1 " Scott 
and that he knew nothing of these doings both 

Alex* Scott and Bessie Scott dyed confessing 
and were brunt Aug 1 28 th - 

9 September 1649. 

Trial ok Marion Incus. 

Marion Inglis was apprehended on evidence 
of Marg L Bell with whom she was several times 
confronted also on evidence of Katherine Gibb. 

John Kinkade w ho scarchetb the Divells mark 
being bent about to search and try the two 
Scottis and having land marks upon them 
George Lord Forrester sent about Marion Inglis 
for tryal and John at that time find two marks 
upon Marion Inglis q !k he upon oath averred to 
be the Divells marks with q' k all that was there 
present rested content and satisfied ; Thereafter 
the matter concerning the marks being reported 
to the Presbetery they doe appoint the minister 
to send John Kinkade to try the mark again 
and to ad\crti>e Mr. Win. Dalgleish and Mr. 
Tho s Garvpy with his coming. Advertisment 
was sent and Mr. Win. Dalgleish came. John 
Kinkade trys the woman over again but at that 
time he gave not satisfaction either to Mr. Wm. 
Dalgleish, the Minister, Florence Gardner, 
Dav' 1 Clerk or sundry others then present for 
the woman cryed pitifully and the place q r the 
prins were putt in uped with blood a little. 

The depositions that were given in agt. 
Marion (having at sundry tymes made intimation 
out of the pulpit if any had anything to say ag* 
Marion Inglis and the Presbetery for further 
tryal and clearing of the matter defied the 
Ministers of Crawmond, Currie, &c. to make the 
like intimation q ,k they did then follows evi- 
dence.) Two witnesses from Crawmond de- 
poned that she foretold the death of a cow which 
happened. Tho a Dishington from Do. deponed 
that Marion was an envious banning flytting 
woman and sundry deponed that she was much 
given to banning. David Brown a young boy 
deponed that being on Corstorphine hill the last 
year in harvest he went up to Marions house 
who asked him what he was doing, lie answered 
he had been hunting, she said to him Stay a 
little and 1 will giv e you a cunning and presently 
he saw Marions cat fetch in ane in her mouth 
q 11: he seeing feared him and he would not have 

it. F 



( Continued front flage ij .) 

1855. The Dundee Times. (One of the first 
penny newspaper:,). Price One Benny. No. 1, 
Saturday, 30th June, 1855. Printed by D. R. 
Clark, in Cray's Close, High Street. The first 

July, 1890.] 



few numbers were published by P. & J. Fleming, 
and the last two or three numbers by John M. 
Beatts. This newspaper introduced into Dun- 
dee the new method of boys crying and selling 
the papers on the streets. When Mr. Beatts be- 
came editor, it was announced to the readers 
that — "The Dundee Times enters upon its second 
quarter next Saturday, the 29th September, when 
it will appear considerably improved, and under 
new management, arrangements have been 
effected for furnishing pithy original articles on 
important national and local subjects, succinct, 
but correct and intelligible reports of all im- 
portant local meetings, in line, it is our purpose 
to render the Dundee 'limes (the only cheap 
newspaper published in Dundee not served up 
at second-hand) an influential, intelligent, and 
independent organ of public opinion/' The 
Advertiser^ in noticing the withdrawal of this 
newspaper, says : — "The Penny Dundee Times 
expired on Saturday, after a brief and strugg- 
ling existence. The proprietor attributes the 
fatality to the competition for advertisements 
amongst the small fry of papers having be- 
come 'so exceedingly keen as to have brought 
down the charge for advertising in penny 
papers 10 a mere shadow of the printed 
scales.'" The cost of producing the paper was, 
lie says, "really more than a penny ." 
"We, the only penny newspaper, not the bantling 
of high priced parents, ever published in Dundee, 
bid adieu for the nonce to the world of letters, in 
the confident hope of our place ere long being 
filled b)' a successor, we trust better endowed 
witli this earth's dross, without which, talent, 
howcvei profound, and fortitude, however fear- 
less, can never compete either with 'sublime 
mediocrity,' or even w ith puerile imbecility when 
blessed with ;i plethora of Gold.'" Dundee Ad- 
vertiser, 23rd October, 1855. Altogether seven- 
teen numbers of the Dundee Times were issued, 
the last being published on 20th October, 1855. 

1857. 77te Weekly Express was printed and 
published every Saturday morning by Mr. John 
Irving, at Iris printing office, No. 3 St. Clement's 
Lane, Dundee. Price id. 1 have not seen a 
copy of this paper. It was commenced in 
September, 1857, by Mr. John Irvine, the 
proprietor and editor, who had begun business 
as a printer in Dundee, in July, 1852. In 
the beginning of 1S55, he solicited and ob- 
tained the printing of the Merea utile Advertiser, 
but he executed it for a few months only. The 
Express enjoyed but an ephemeral existence, 
and the paper consisted of four pages, two of 
which contained general news that were com- 
posed and printed in the office of the Fifeshire 
Journal, by Mr. Samuel Robertson, in Cupar, 
the other two pages contained local intelligence 

1 and advertisements, the latter being printed in 
.Dundee. The Express published, in imitation 
of "The Barber's Shop," then appearing in the 
Weekly News y a series of similar imaginary con- 
versations, under the title of "The Smith's Shop." 
; The " Smiddy" was such a scurrilous produc- 
tion that a citizen who was grossly slandered 
: raised an action against the editor, and got a 
decree in his favour for /500, but "the editor 
bolted, and the door of the 'Smiddy' was closed 
for ever." 

, I %S7' The Law Chronicle, containing reports 
of cases decided in Sheriff Courts. No. 1, 
j April, 1850. Price 6d. 8 pages, 8vo, paged 1 to 8. 
j No. 3, no title, date at end, 26th April, 1856, 
I paging 17 to 24 ; after this the pagination is 
j continuous. No. 30, Dundee, 4th April, 1857, 
I end of Vol. I., 241 pages. Printed by I). R. 
j Clark, High Street, Dundee. Vol. III., 1858-9, 
j being the last numbers printed in Dundee. 
This paper was commenced by Mr. Henry 
Flowerdew. In introducing it to the public, the 
editor states that- "The present publication is 
started with the view of endeavouring to keep a 
record of law cases decided under the new Sheriff 
Court Act. as well as any other legal matters 
which may be conceived interesting to the legal 
profession and the public." At the end of each 
year an index of matters, and also an index of 
names of the Pursuers and Defenders, were 
given along with a title page. The Advertiser, 
in noticing it, feared "that the field before Mr. 
Flowerdew was too limited to ensure success. ' 

1858. The JJu/idee, Fi/e t and Perth Railway 
Time Table. Published by Clark, Sinclair 
>.\; Co., o New Inn Entry, Dundee. Sold by 
the booksellers in town, by Mr. Mills, perfumer, 
Nethergate, and at the Railway Stations. Price 
id. This is a folding sheet of eight pages, 4 ins. 
by 3 ins. eac h. The rapid development of the 
Railway Time 'I able, since this publication, has 
been very marked. Each Railway Company 
now distributes gratuitously sheets similar to 
the above, but from six to eight times the size. 

1858-9. 71 ill &* Alexander's Railway Guide 
and General Advertiser for the North and East 
of Scotland. Published monthly. Price id. 
This Guide had an extensive circulation, and as 
an inducement, advertisements in the Railway 
Advertiser were also inserted in the Time Tables 
of the Dtrndee and Perth, Dundee and Newtyle % 
and Dundee, and Arbroath Railways^ for one 

1858. The People's Journal was issued as a 
weekly paper for the working classes by the 
proprietors of the Dundee Advertiser^ on 2nd 
January, 185S. In announcing its forthcoming 
publication, the Dundee Advertiser stated tha 



[July, 1890. 

"the cheap papers which have sprung up since 
the abolition of the Stamp Duty being utterly 
unworthy of the intelligence and character of 
the respectable portion of the working classes, 
we have resolved on publishing this, the first 
number of a new Peoples Journal, of large size, 
well printed, on good paper, price id." The 
original title was Dundee, Perth, and Forfar 
Peoples Journal, and the fifth number bore the 
addition.d name Of "Fife" in the title. On 
2 1 st January, i860, the title for one number only 
was simply 11 The People's Journal," but in the 
following week the old title was resumed, and 
continued until ) 864. In that year, two special 
editions were printed, one of them called the 
Aberdeen Edition, giving local intelligence from 
Aberdeenshire, Banffshire, and Kincardineshire, 
whilst the other, called the local or Dundee 
Edition, was confined more especially to Fife- 
shire, and the eastern counties south of the 
Forth. These special editions were increased 
in number, in 1866, to seven. Since that time, 
separate editions for all the districts in Scotland 
have been issued regularly, there being, at 
present, eleven separate editions every week. 
In these local editions, the district news for 
different pans oi Scotland are printed only in 
the edition for the locality, whilst the strictly 
literary matter is carried through all editions. 
The first number of the /'eo/>/e's Journal was 
2,3 ins. by 16 ins., and bore the imprint — 
" Printed and published by John ben;.;, at the 
office, Argyle Close, Overgate." The number 
for 22nd October, 1859, was printed in the new 
premises at Bank Street, from which place it has 
rii issued. On 

Mr. W. I). LattO, editor of the Tcofde 1 ; Journal, 
was entertained in the Kinnaird Hall. Dundee, 
by the proprietors Oi that newspaper, on the 
completion of the twenty-fifth year of his con- 
nection with the paper. Mr. LattO was pre- 
sented with a gold watch and chain, and 
Mrs. Latto with a silver tea tray. Mr. Latto is 
well-known throughout Scotland as the author 
of 'The Bodkin Papers.' When replying, in 
tin; course of his remarks, Mr. Latto said: — 
'Amongst the noteworthy achievements of the 
Journal, which 1 shall always regard with 
pardonable pride, 1 ma) - mention the raising of 
upwards of ^800 amongst its readers for the 
purchase of the Peterhead and Arbroath life- 
boats, and the annual Christmas competitions, 
by which the sons and daughters of toil have 
been encouraged to devote their leisure hours to 
mental culture and literary composition. The 
lifeboats have been the means of saving not a 
few valuable lives, while the literary ' wapin- 
schaws' have brought to light several poets, 
novelists and essayists, who might otherwise 
have 'blushed unseen, and wasted their sweet- 
ness on the desert air.' Of these, let it suffice 
to mention the names of Mr. Alexander Ander- 
son ('Surfaceman'), and of Miss Annie S. Swan, 
both of whom have earned for themselves very 
high distinction in literature, the former as a 
poet, and the latter as a novelist.'" 

1858. The Gospel Witness. " Repent, for the 
Kingdom of God is at hand." No. 1, January, 

ever sine 
it was ei 
was des( 
papers in the 

.1 fi 



•tst [ami 

six" cok 
lie large 
;th Octo 

v, 1 060, 
ns, and 
r, 1861, 

it was again enlarged from six to seven columns, 
and on 151I1 January, 1876, it was made an 
eight-page instead ol a tour-page newspaper. 
One of Hoe's American fast printing machines 
was erected in the office at Bank Street, in 
December, 1804, and was used principally for 
printing the Peoples Journal for some years 
afterwards. It was ultimately replaced by a 
Victory machine in (875, winch is still in use 
for printing this paper. Shortly after its in- 
auguration in 1858, Mr. W, 1). Latto began con- 
tributing, and in December, i860, he became 
the editor of the Peoplis Journal, and still con- 
tinues in that office. Lor many years the late 
Mr. David Pae contributed some of his most 
powerful novels as serials for the !\:op!es 
Journal and it has been remarkable, both for its 
literal)- style, and for the fulness and accuracy 
of its reports of local affairs and district news. 
''On Saturday evening [12th December, 1885], 

No. 9, September. Nos. 10, 11, and 1 

i8 = 

no date. At the end of No. 12, "tk: editor 
thanks the readers for the patience they have 
exercised in regard to the irregularity in the 
issue of the various numbers." Printed by 
Park, Sinclair & Co., Dundee. Size, Sy> ins. 
by 5>2 ins., paged 1 to 188. This magazine 
was issued by the Baptist Brethren "that it may 
stimulate their faith, and hope, and love, and 
incite them to shine as lights in 'the world 
holding forth the word of truth.'" The twelve 
numbers were bound into a volume, with the 
following' title page, The Gospel Witness. " Re- 
pent, for the Kingdom of God is at hand." 
"When they believed the things concerning the 
Kingdom ol Cod, and die name of Jesus Christ, 
they were baptized." Dundee: Printed by 
Park. Sinclair ,\: Co., MDCCCLX. 

1853. The Telegraph: a Political and Literary 
Journal for the Counties of Forfar, Life, and 
Perth. No. I. Saturday, 2nd October, 1858. 
Price id. Size, 24 ins. by 18 ins. Printed and 
published every Saturday morning at Key's 
Close, Nethergate. by Hill and Alexander 
(go being the last printed by Hill & Alexander). 

Saturday, 3rd March, i860, title short- 

July, 1890.] 



fined, The Telegraph. No, 91, 23rd June, i860. 
Printed and published by Charles Alexander & 
Co. Mr. C. C. Maxwell was the first editor, and 
continued until August, i860, when Mr. George 
Hay became editor of the Courier, lie also taking ; 
charge of the editing of the Telegraph. In com- 
mencing this publication, the following notice 1 
appears In addition to the usual contents of I 
a newspaper, we shall give a series of tales, 
original and selected, and we intend to give 
occasional prizes, both in money and hooks, for 
Original tales and poems, &c." On Saturday, : 
27th April, 1 86 1, The Telegraph was amalga- 
mated with the Dundee Weekly News. 

1859. The Daily Advertiser. No. 1. Wed- 
nesday, 4th May, 1859. Trice Dundee: 
Printed and published by John Leng (residing 
at 8 Craigie Terrace), at the office, Argyle Close, 
Overgate, every morning, size, 15 ins. by 10 ins., 
4 pages. Ten numbers issued. The Daily Ad- , 
vertiser, a halfpenny newspaper, was started on 
Wednesday, 4th May, 1859. The excitement 
over the war news, and the desire for the latest 
telegrams, led to I he publication of this paper at 
a cheap price. It was published every forenoon 
at eleven o'clock, containing the telegrams, 
opinions of the 'Times, and other London papers I 
of that morning. The demand was so great 
that upwards of 30,000 copies of the first num- 
ber were sold in one day. This unprecedented 
success led to its withdrawal. The premises in 
the Overgate were found to be inadequate for 
the great pressure, and the printing machines 
were unable to supply the required number of 
papers. The strain on tin- staff, caused by the 
limited Space, ami the number issued, led the 
proprietors to discontinue the paper, until their 
new premises in Hank Street wen: ready. 

1859. The Daily Argus, and Forfar, J'erth, \ 
and l i "ifc Advertiser. No. i. Dundee, 23rd I 
May, 1 859. Price id. Printed by I 'ark, Sin- 
clair & Co., and published by them every morn- 
ing at 33 Reform Street, Dundee. Size, 18 ins. 
by 1 5 % ins. This was one of the first daily news- j 
papers in Dundee, and continued for one year 
and eleven months, until its amalgamation with 
the Courier on 22nd April', 1861. (See article 
on Courier, sufira.) 

1860. The Messenger of I lie Churches. Price 
2d., coloured covers, demy 8vo, sixteen pages. 
A monthly publication issued by the Baptist 
Believers of the Gospel of the Kingdom. First 
issued at Edinburgh in i86o, but the editor, j 
Mr. George Downie, having removed to Dun- 
dee in 1 867, the printing was transferred to that 
town, and was executed by James P. Matthew 
& Co., Meadowside, Dundee. It continued to 
be published until December, 1870. In con- 

nection with this magazine, Mr. Downie issued 
a series of [6 and 32 paged tracts under the 
title of The Substance and Argument of the 
Ancient Faith. The title of this magazine was 
changed on the rst of January, 1871, to T/iCy 
Messenger of the Gospel, the editor being 
Mr. James Cameron of F.dinburgh. The pub- 
lishers were Messrs. MeKenzie & Co., Edin- 
burgh, and the printer was Mr. William Norrie 
of Dundee. The last number was issued in 
August, 1872. In September, of the same year, 
the title was again changed to the Church 
Messenger, at which time Mr. Norrie became 
the editor, printer, and publisher, The last 
number appeared in October, 1873, after an 
existence of thirteen years. 

Alexander C. . Lamb. 

( 'To be continued. ) 


( Continued from p. 7, Vol. IV.) 

Turning our attention now to die seventeenth cen- 
tury, Ayrshire is -.till found contributing her full quota 
to the leaders of the time. Thus, for ex- 
ample, in tlu- first half of 'hat century, or during the 
period that closed with the restoration of Charles II., 
we have anion:; the church leaders of the time Ayr- 
shire names so important as those of John Strang, 
D.D., Principal of Glasgow University ; /.achary 
Boyd, the famous Presbyterian minister of Govan ; 
Robert Blair, the Covenanting minister of Si Andrews; 
of Josias Welsh, too, the great Evangelistic preacher, 
whose name i> associated with die remarkable revival* 
of religion in the North of Ireland in die early [-art of 
the seventeenth century ; as well as ol Hugh Binning, 
also minister ol Govan, and one ol the most cultured 
and valued of the young theologians of the Covenant- 
ing party. 

During the " Sturm unci Drang" period of Presby- 
terian Defeat and Episcopal Domination, which ex- 
tended from 1660 to the Revolution of [688, Ayrshire, 
which was one of the strongholds of the Covenanting 
parly, contributed many of the most trusted and valued 
of the clerical leaders of that party, as we'd as a pre- 
ponderating number of the stouter and more active of 
its lay heads and supporters. Thus, to name a few 
only from many of Ayrshire's Covenanting clergy at 
this period, this county has the credit of producing — 
James Fergusson ol Kilwinning, oneol the most scho- 
larly of Presbyterian theologians; Alexander Pedeft, 
the most popular of all the Covenanting field preach- 
ers ; William Stirling, the author of the historical 
part of the well known hook describing the Sufferings 
of the Scottish Presbyterians, which goes by the name 
ol Naphtali j and Alexander Dunlop, the able and 
honoured Covenanting minister of Paisley. Of pro- 
minent laymen identified with the- Covenanting party, 
Ayrshire contributes names from almost all the lead- 
ing families of the county, conspicuous among which 



[July, 1890. 

I may mention the names of James Campbell, Earl of 
Loudon, Sir Mew Campbell of Cessnock, as well as 
Robert Ker ol Kersland, and Wra, Mure of Caldwell. 
Were I indeed to recount all the names of lesser note 
that endured persecution in Ayrshire because of their 
sympathy with t he outed Presbyterian clergy, 1 would ' 
have to til! several pages ol this journal with a hare 
catalogue of names. This would be tiresome and un- 
interesting, and therefore I refrain. Ii may be inte- 
resting, however, to mention thai my tables contain 
the name.-, of no fewer than 21 persons of Ayrshire 
birth who died as martyrs to the cause represented by 
the Covenant, between the years 1660 and 1688. 
And these of course do not by any means constitute 
the whole number of Ayrshire men and women who 
perished in that struggle, hut only such o!' the more 
noted of them as have come under my view. 

But while Ayrshire was thus energetically Presby- 
terian in sentiment at tin. crisis in the nation's history, 
it is interesting to notice that alongside of this prevail- 
ing Presbyterianism and 1'uriianisni, a more moderate 
type of religious life and thought also continued vigor- 
ously to assert itself, —so that even from this, which 
was perhaps the most Whiggish of all Scottish counties, 
there could and did come forth Episcopalian Divines 
of such worth and eminence as Wm. Annand, Dean 
of Edinburgh, a scholarly an 1 devout theologian ; a?- 
Robert Wallace, too, who was I'.ishop of Argyle and 
the hies ; anil as fames Ramsay, Bishop of Dunblane, 
1673, and of Ro,s, 1684. 

Daring the epoch of ecclesiastical reconstruction 
which followed the political revolution of 1688, I do 
not find that Ayrshire furnished Scotland any notable 
spiritual leader or teacher, the most distinguished 
nameol thai period which appears upon my lists being 
that of Rev. David Blair, who as minister of St. 
Giles's after the Revolution, Moderator of the General 
Assembly in l/OO, an I father of Robert Blair, the 
I'oct, and auihoi ol 'fkt. (',<ai\\ may be said set to 
retain some inter esl tor readers in the nineteenth cen- 
turv. Blair was born in 1 1 vine in 16^7, during a visit 

that year, 

which his father paid to his native plao 
and died in 1710. 

In the eighteenth century, when the spiritual life of 
Scotland began to beat more languidly than it had 
done in the two* stormy centuries that had preceded 
it, Ayrshire seems to have shared in the apathy that 
had settled on the rest of the land. Accordingly we 
are not surprised to tind, not only that what was called 
" Modetatism" was rile in man)' of the pulpits of the 
West during the whole ol' that period, I ml that, in the 
Rev. George Logan, the minister who presided in the 
Assembly by which the Secession fathers were de- 
posed from the ministry of the Scottish Ghurch, as 
well as in the well known Commentator on the New ! 
Testament, Dr. James MacRnight of Edinburgh, .she j 
furnished the Moderate party in the Ghurch with two | 
of the most respectable of its leaders. 

But while in the eighteenth century Ayrshire, like 
the rest of Scotland, felt the chilling touch of Mode- 
rat ism, it is pleasant to know that the old flame of 
evangelical piety continued to hum undimmed within 
the homes ami hearts of many of the humble folk of 
that earnest shire. Accordingly it is only what we 

might have looked for, when we find that one of the 
five men who led the Secession from the Established 
Church, of the day, and founded the religious denomi- 
nation of which the present writer is a minister, was 
born and trained within its bounds. I reler of course 
to the' Rev. James Fisher, the youngest of the five 
brethren who founded the Secession Church, and not 
the Last influential of the five, lie was spared longer 
than all the others, ami lived to see the small body 
which he helped to originate develop into one of the 
most potent factors in the spiritual life of Scotland. 
To this result his own labours yielded no insignificant 
contribution, not only through the firm hold which, 
under his ministry, the Secession took in Glasgow 
and the West of Scotland, but through die stimulating 
and guiding influence which for several generations 
was exerted upon the religious life- of the Scottish 
people by the celebrated theological c< impend, known as 
Fisher's Catechism, a book which was long the favourite 
subject of study among serious-minded Scottish youth, 
and which in some quarters of Scotland is by no 
means out of vogue even to this day. 

There were other Ayrshire-born men who figured 
in the eighteenth century as spiritual teachers or eccle- 
siastical leaders. 1 cannot trespass so far on your 
space as to enumerate and describe them all. I must, 
however, refer in passing to ihe names of two of the 
most interesting and significant of these good men, 
especially as they were both men who found none of 
the existing churches in Scotland congenial to the 
demands of their spiritual natures. I allude to John 
Howie of Lochgoin, on the one hand, the author of 
the well known book, The Scottish Worthies, a man 
whose sympathies, in the midst of what he deemed 
criminal latitudinarianism, were all With the views 
and contentions of the Covenanters of the previous 
century ; and. to David Dale, on the other, the suc- 
cessful Glasgow manufacturer, and zealous evangelist, 
who, because he found the Presbyterian rigour that 
prevailed in all the churches around him, chilled and 
paralyzed the free activity of the individual member- 
ship of the church, was driven to originate a sort of 
Congregational or evangelistic community in the town 
in which he dwelt, wherein he could find scope for 
his aggressive religious and spiritual tendencies. 

Coming do\vn nearer to our ow n time, it is of course 
impossible even to enumerate the names, far less to 
describe the work, of all the earnest religious teachers 
who, since the revival of religion in Scotland, towards 
the close of the eighteenth century, have issued from 
Ayrshire homes to serve God in the ministry of the 
Gospel. I may mention, however, among Ayrshire 
laymen who have been forward in this good work the 
names of Wm. M'Gavin of Glasgow, author of 754* 
Protestant ; of William Cunningham of Lainshaw, a 
well known student of prophecy ; and lastly, of John 
Anderson of our own day, founder of " The Ayrshire 
•Christian Union," and editor of The Reaper, who is 
one of the most energetic and devoted of living evan- 
gelists. Of course, in a district where laymen have 
been so active as spiritual teachers, it goes without 
saying, that the numbers of men trained for the mi- 
nistry is likely to he correspondingly large. Were 1, 
indeed, to transcribe all the names of Ayrshire-born 

July, 1890.] 



clergymen that appear on my list, I would hot only 
confirm the truth of this inference, but would make it 
evident that Ayrshire has famished to every Scottish 
Church some of its most successful ministers. This 
enumeration I shall not venture on at present. I 
may, however, mention in passing, as illustrative of 
my position, thai among Ayrshire contributions to the 
ministry of the Established Church are 'to he found 
names so honoured and useful as those of Dr. A. K. J I. 
Boyd, the present Moderator of 1 he ( leneral Assembly of 
the Church of Scotland, and of Dr. Henry Cowan," 
one of the Divinity Professors in Aberdeen Univer- 
sity. To the Free Church, again, that county has 
given, among others, the devoted Glasgow Evange- 
list, Robert Howie, once of the Wyhd Church, and 
now of Govan ; of whom a local paper has recently 
informed the world, that during the 30 years of his j 
ministry, which extends from the year 1800, he has J 
admitted 110 fewer than 5 OI 3 members to tin.- Free 
Church,, while the present roll of his congregation 
contains no fewer than 1090 names. Nor has Ayr- 
shire been less liberal in her aid to the United Pres- 
byterian Church, for, not to mention other names, in | 
Dr. fames Brown of Paisley, and I )r. Alex. Mair of 
Edinburgh, that county lias been instrumental in sup- j 
plying this, perhaps the most democratic of all the 1 
Scottish churches, with two of its most influential 
leaders. Nay, even the smaller Scottish churches are 
indebted to Ayrshire for light and leading. Thus, the I 
Rev. (Jeorge Yuilie of Stirling, who is Secretary ol the 
Baptist Union of Scotland, and Editor ol the Deno- 
minational organ, is a native of Irvine ; and the Rev. 
Robert Craig, of die Evangelical Union Church, Ed- [ 
inburgh, one of the most able ministers of that deno- 
mination, is a native of Kilmarnock. And though j 
Ayrshire contributes no eminent name to the Scottish j 
Congregation d Church, yet, .is .die has supplied 
our Southern neighbours with men like the Rev. I 
Andrew iMcarns, a prominent philanthropist and J 
minister of the Congregational body in London, I 
and Dr. John Brown Paton, Professor of Theology to 
the Congregational College, Nottingham, it cannot 
be alleged 1.1). it even this, perhaps the smallest of the 

Scottish Non-presbyterian sects, has been deprived of 
the countenance and support ol a shire .-30 prolific in 
clergymen. Indeed, when an Ayrshire man recalls 
the names of the many natives of this county, who 
have gone forth as ministers of the Word into every 
English speaking count ry, and who have often, like 
Principal M'Cosh of Princeton, and Dr. William M. 
Taylor of New York, attained the highest distinction 
in the land of their adoption, one can easily under- 
stand a certain feeling of elation stealing over his 
mind, until he is almost tempted vauntingly to ex- 
claim, "Quae regio in terris, non nostri plena laboris?" 

I have, I fear, however, spent too much time in 
elaborating the ecclesiastical arid spiritual statistic, of 
Ayrshire; and must hasten on to notice, in the next 
place, the contribution Which that county has made 
to the public life of the country. This has been 
marked by a liberality almost as great as that which 
distinguished her contribution to its poetical and spi- 
ritual development. Thus I find on my lists no ."ewer 
than 114 names of persons who may be described as 

public servants, or officers either of the arm)' or navy, 
members of parliament, politicians, statesmen, judges, 
or such like. 

Everybody knows the large share taken in the poli- 
tical life of Scot! ami by the noble families of Ayr- 
shire, —-the Poyds, Campbells, Cunningham^, Ken- 
nedies, and Montgomcrics. So I need not reler par- 
ticularly to tin actions ol these families, or to any of 
the more illustrious oftheii members. 1 would simply 
say, that Ayrshire claims as one of her greatest glories, 
that King Robert the Pruce, and his gallant brothers 
Edward and Nigel, even though not possibly bom 
within her bounds, may yet justly be regarded as her 
sons through their mother, the Countess of Carrick. 
I must not (all into the mistake here of recapitulating 
all the names of patriot statesmen and servants 
who figure on my,, so 1 confine mysell to remark- 
ing that, while in ever) period of Scottish history one 
or more Ayrshire men may be found playing' a conspi- 
cuous part, perhaps there ban keen no more potent or 
typical Ayrshire ruling family, than that which was 
ennobled in the seventeenth century in the person of 
James Dalrymple, Viscount Stair, himself one of t lie 
most distinguished statesmen of his age, and the 
founder of a family which for two centuries has occu- 
pied a prominent place among Scottish public men. 
Some readers may remember the rough doggerel verse 
in which the successive dynasties of the ruling families 
of Scotland In the seventeenth and eighteenth centu- 
ries were humorously set forth. Nevertheless let me 
quote it here : — 

" First came the men o' many wimples, 
In common language called Dalrymples, 
And alter them came the Dundases, 
Who rode our guid Scots lords and lairds like 

asses. " 

In our own day Ayrshire, however, has yielded rfo 
very outstanding man to the public- life of the country, 
though the brave General Neil, one of the heroes of 
the Indian Mutiny, and the saviour «>l our empire in 
that country, deserves record lor the energy and skill 
with which he at rested the tide of rebellion in Cawn- 
pore, as we'd as for his gallant leadership, and noble 
death, in the first British expedition for the relief of 

( To be continued. ) 

XSo Correspon&ents. 

"A Subscriber,!' who by the way has omitted his 
name and address, writes on the subject of the fre- 
quency of the affix ton or town to the names of farms 
in Forfarshire and Fifeshire, such as Kirkton. Myreton, 
Lochtown, &c, &c. A reference to any County 
Directory will prove the observation, applicable to 
the wdiole of Scotland. This is not sm prising in a 
country where it is the usage to designate farm houses 
generally by the name of " the town" or " tht farm 
town." It would not serve any good purpose to give 
extended lists of names with the affix mentioned. 




[July, 1890. 



11. ORIGIN OF THE FAMILY ( Continued), 

Dr. Skene is therefore apparently within the 
truth in writing—-" It is quite possible that the 
family of Skene is at least as old as the reign of 
William the I. ion, and that Mr. Alex. Skene may 
be correct in saying that there had keen in the 
charter-chest a restoration from forfeiture by that 
monarch." Why fix on William the 1 ion in par- 
ticular? Contra] if he restored, the forfeiture 
must have surely keen decreed by a predecessor ; 
and the original grant by another still more 
remote. Tradition - or invention ? — ascribes 
this forfeiture to the treason of Skene in joining 
"Donald Bane, his near relation." If this were 
the elder Donald Bane, Skene would have keen 
near indeed to the throne. Dr. Skene suggests 
that it really may have happened during the 
occupation of the northern counties 'by Donald 
Bane MacWilliam, from 1174 to 1181. This is 
plausible ; but the restoration in that case would 
hardly have been accorded by William the Lion. 

1 think it may also be gleaned from fact that 
the lands of Skene were held anciently of the 
Crown by the progenitors of Johan de Skene. 
In the first extant charter, from King Robert I. 
to Robert Skene, (1) the words "dedisse, 
concessisse, et Viae pnti carta nra confirmasse," 
in no way exclude previous similar grants ; the 
same phraseology is used in charters of confirma- 
tion and de novo tit /'in s. (2) The una integra 
et libera baronia is conceded per omnes rectus 
antiquas metas et divisas snas in longitudine 
et latitudine. It is here explicitly stated to have 
been an integer long before: an integer what? 
Apparently a barony. If it were now carved out of 
an existent barony, earldom, or thanage, would 
not its bounds be explicitly stated? as in the 
retour of John Skene of Hallyards in Fife, elder, 
to his second son James, in 1699, of a part 
of Kirkaldy's title-fief : quae quidem terrae ft 
molendinuin di'sjuncta sunt ab antiqua baronia 
de Grainge^ el in baroniam de Neivgrange 

It is, however, much to be regretted that Dr. 
Skene does not give the grounds on which 
"appear"- -a most tantalizing and misleading 
word in exact science the conclusions that the 
acquisitions in the earldom of Mar did not 
descend to Alan's daughters, and that Oneill 
was granted to the Earl of Fife. Does any 
evidence known exclude the explanation that one 
of the daughters was wedded to the Earl of Fife, 
another to Johan de Skene or his fathei ? Were 
this SO) it would he curious to see a countess of. 

Fife so nearly allied to the family of Skene in 
the 13th, as in the 19th century. 

There is also another point not noticed by Dr. 
Skene. His friend Cosmo limes .says in his 
"Scottish Surnames"; "the gieat office of 
Osliar or Durward gave name to a powerful 
family, now extinct or sadly decayed ; but, even 
yet, the Deeside peasant believes the church 
bell of Con! rings of its own accord when a 
Dunvard dies," (p. 35). 

This would imply that the Durwards are re- 
membered by the people at Coul, as the Skenes 
are at Auchtertool to this day, after two cen- 
turies. If so, they must surely have had their 
home and residence at Coul, as the Skenes at 
the Hawyards; and Coul is not far from Skene: 
James Skene is but twenty miles from Bandodill 
when he buys " Westercors et Northame [in 
the Memorials spelt Norham] infra parochiam 
de Coull." 

Does not this tend to show that the Dur- 
wards had some longer and closer connection 
with the country than merely the superiority of 
the lands of Skene ? It should be shown what 
was their subsequent record. There were 
Durwards of Lundin in Fife, who bore the noble 
coat u Argent, a cross gate s" — equal to Scrope, 
or Grosvenor. Was this the coat of Alan? 
And was Durward a surname in the 1 3th century? 
The documents rather show the contrary : we 
have "Alanus [I I Jostiarius," "Alan the Door- 
ward," or janitor, just as we have in the charter 
of Rob. I., " Waltero senescallo Scotie." "The 
Steward" became a surname not so very long 
afterwards : but the fact of its being translated 
into Latin shows that it was not a Scots name 
in 1317 ; no more was. Durward in 1250? 

There is a iertiu/n quid which seems not to 
have occurred to Dr. Skene. He formerly in- 
clined to the belief that either (1) the Skenes 
were simply and merely vassals of the Dur- 
wards, and emerged on their extinction, as 
vassals of the Crown, (the objection to which is, 
that the lands of Skene would naturally descend 
to the Durward's daughters, and would be given, 
with them, to husbands) ; or (2) that Johan de 
Skene espoused one of these ladies, fin which 
case he might have come to be heir to the 
Crown, if the Pope had acceded to the prayer 
of Ring Alex. II. and legitimized his daughter, 
married to Alan the Durward ; as the sub- 
sequent Popes did for Henri IV. and Louis 'XIV.) 

Hut what is there to show that Johan and 
Patrick de Skene were not themselves male 
cousins of the Durward ? Not near enough to 
take the heritage en bloc, or claim dignities, and 
honours ; but cadet branches, provided for of old, 
as in later days, by a " kindly tack"? This will 
favour the hypothesis that Skene had always 

July, 1890.] 



been held of the Crown by the Durwards, but 
also (of course) for a long time, by the Skenes ; 
or that one of these made a mariage de convert- 
ance (i.e. a fitting marriage— one of paiity — ) 
with a kinswoman ?' 

It would be desirable to know whence the 
bishops got their 22S. after Alan's death. Were 
these paid by Skene or by Onele? and by what 
man ? 

Another point to note and illustrate i^, that 
the contract between the Bishop and Alan is 
witnessed, inter alios, by " Colmero hostiario." 
Was this a. Durward? or an usher? or an 
"ostiarius" (one of the minor orders) ? 

As to who the Skenes were, I venture to think 
the)' may have borne the surname of Gilian. 
Dr. Skene assumes, thai in the entry in the Exche- 
quer Rolls, 1358, this Giliane de Skene therein 
(and nowhere else) recorded was a son of Robert 
of 1317, and that Giliane was his Christian 
name. Against this I urge.— I. if G. is a Christ- 
ian name, it is certainly parallel to Kiiian, an 
Irish saint ; now, this name in the office books, 
Sec. is always declined, Kilianus, i, o, etc. ; as 
Alanus, supra ; and Aidanus, Brendanus, Col- 
manus, &c, &c. Therefore, we should expect 
in this entry " Giliano," "Giliani." Instead, we 
have "Giliane" twice. 2. Gilian is not a Scots 
Christian name. 3. It never reappears in the 
Skene family. 4. It is exactly parallel to several 
Scots names of families, such as Gildea, Gil- 
christ, Gilmorey, Gilfillan, &c. 5. These names 
never appear as Christian names. 6, "Servant 
of John," does not suggest a descent from the 
John de Skene who bore the head of St. John 
on his seal (dequo max), but rather the contrary. 
We should, expect the older Skenes to have 
borne the Gaelic name, not v. v. ; the name ex- 
pressing consecration of the family to Ian. 

I submit that "Giliane de Skene" may be 
parallel to " Fraser de Conitoun" that, the 
clerk not knowing the Christian name, he in- 
serted a nearly disused surname for greater 
specification. Contra: he seems to have had 
before him "literam ipsius Giliane": is there 

1 Hut, before we leave Coul, it may not he otiose to note 
that in that completed and forthcoming philology mentioned 
above, the prime form of sgian i:. igdival\ of skene, iktevil, or 
the like. Now, Coul also would : tend iktovel\ exactly the 
same as Skene, with this very remarkable difference (i) that 
Coul preserves the /, not yet Corrupted into /;, as in Skene ; (u) 
that it preserves the digamma, F,"V, U, which in Skene is latent 
in the long <• ; as in Greek we find I>>iil; e and u often inter- 
changed. The inference would he that Coul is an earlier, older 
settlement than Skene ; this agrees, (but perhaps without any 

Significance) with the facts that (ij Coul seems to have been an 

old home of the Dutwarcks; (.■) Skene and it-, owners .stem to 
have been, in some way not clearly visible, their subordinates. 
Onele, also a Durward place, is another exact equivalent of both 
Coul and Skene ; omdevcl=ihtm>el—iktetiet. This last form is 
o> her than tlie Gaelic iui/, Tiel } — Hood, river. V. supra. 

\ precedent of the period for such a signature? 1 
In any case, nothing shows that this Giliane was 
the baron of Skene. lie may have been the 
vicar, like (cx hyp.) J'ati ick ; or any cadet. 

Dr. Skene neglects to note and discuss a 
theory arising out of the following passage:— 
j " Sir H. Maine, in illustration of the ancieVit influ- 
i ence of the family bond, points out that a pro- 
position sometimes laid down that when a 
family and place have the saint; name, it is the 
I place which lias given the name to the family — 
I is true of feudalised, but not of unfeudalised 

Now, Scotland was feudalised, certainly, when 
we first see Skenes emerging from the misty 
night of time ; but assuredly it was not yet so 
when they may quite conceivably have begun 
to live of the fruitful soil of Aberdeenshire. 
Skene, therefore, may have been so called from 
a sept or family name, and not the family (at 
first) from either the burgh or the water. - 

I think there is a shred of evidence in favour 
j of this. In the first extant charter (13 17) we 
find ,k Roberto Skene," not " de Skene," like 
" [ohan de Skene, Patrick de Skene," twenty 

1 1 In Franc: it is very common, at least in this century; thus, 

j the present Procttreitr Giniral is one Qucsnay, who nought a 
property called Beaurepaire, and now signs *Q. de Beaure- 
paire," like de Balzac's " C. dc Bonfonds." 

I a o n t his theory, too, the Porsterian philology may throw light. 

I One of the numerous forces of the formula to which Skene be- 
longs is " king, priest, magistrate, god." (In the Law, Elohim — 
God Almighty- is also used for magistrates). The author de- 
duces that (r) the first raison a"Btre of a king was to preside 
over the drawing of water: to keep order among those who 
hustled each other, and broke "the king's peace" at the well. 
the centre and crown of the city; (2) the fusion of kingly and 
priestly functions in antiquity is well known; (31 the formula 
came to mean "god," as we ourselves constantly say "'kin^ ..nd 
"lord" in that sense. Inthi- view, the original Skene may W\e 
been a primitive head-man or magistrate, in whose family the 
office was hereditary, as the O'Hagans were the hereditary 
brehonsof the O'Neills. _ Chis name ■•; the skene "- may have 
been given, as Sir H. Maine shows, to his land- and place. Long 
after, when Christianity and lapse of time had obliterated all old 
loie, his descendants were forgotten, almost, as 'having a sur- 
name, and were considered generally, though not uniformly, as 
having only the name of the lands they held. [Cf. Cosmo 
Innes, " Surnames," p. 35. note. " The Dempsters had 
their name from their office. Keraldus was hereditary 
Judex (translated Dempster) first of Angus, then of the Court 
of the Kings of Scotland ; and a long line of Dempsters held 
the lands, called from theii ancestor Keraldston (now Carriston), 
in virtue of that office, the duties of which they discharged in 
Parliament."] I have adverted above to the identity of Skene 
and Coul and Onele. In this sense of lawgiver, we may 
compare the Irish prince Fin .Mac Coul. Here Coul is no 
doubt = prince ; and it is the same word which in Aberdeenshire, 
another Gaelic region, is the name of a burgh, just as Robertus 
Skene is a man, and Skene is also a burgh. 1 noted above that 
Cowan is identical with Skene ; probably .-0 is Cohen, Hebrew 
for priest, and other synonyms. May not tht Durward's (here- 
ditary?) office of Justiciar point to this as the origin of Cqul, 
Oiieje, and Skene; and may not the hrilliant aptitude {bon- 
Chien chasse de race) which so very many Skene.- have shown for 
command, both as officers and magistrates, hint also both this 
origin for themselves, and a common origin with the Durward? 
It is also possible that, as 1 claimed above Skene as identical 
with A.veinos, Kuxeinos, so it may he with the oh! Aryan 
word fot a stranger, host, /fiend, in Creek xeinos, xenos' 
(skeinos, skenos) in Sanskrit javana. (It does noi survive in 
Latin or German.) 


[July, 1890. 

years before ; i.e. Skene appears here, in the i 
mind of the learned clerk who drew and ex- 
tended the charter, as a surname, parallel to 
(not to go beyond the charter itself, the best and 
most cogent evidence) "Douglas, Fraser, Bar- 
clay," not to '* dc Lawider." It is chosen by 
him as being most correctly and legally written 
as a snrnnme, and not as a territorial name:; 
quite contrary to later usage, where we have, 
even in Scots, " I, Alexander of Skene," "Jamys 
of Skene," like "Janet of Keith," "Alexander 
of Douglas," Of the above names, Douglas 
possibly, Barclay certainly, are really territorial, 
but Fraser is not. I conclude that Dr. Skene 
is, at all events, rash in writing (p. 9) "The 
name of Skene is thus plainly territorial." What 
seems to he clear is that the occurrence of 
"Skene" as a name without "de" shows that 
the ancestors of the man so designated were 
no newcomers, but had been very long' con- 
nected with the place. 

1 do not, however, propound this theory as the 
most probable. 

I conclude, then, fr< an the facts thus far cited, 
that (r) the Skenes held Skene like any common 
farm, pa i lly foi their own profit and partly for 
the landlord's- theirs being the king.; 

(2) The)- ma)' have been of the Durward 
family ; 

(5) They may have married into it ; 

(4) They may have been a Celtic family called 
Gilian ; 

(5) Their heir, Robert, was, for services ren- 
dered, or for favour w ith the King, released from 
his retit, so as to have the lands thereafter en- 
tirely foi his and hi-; descendants' profit." 

Tin 1 erection of lands into a barony was, I 
suppose, equivalent to calling a man to the 
House of Peers bv w rit in modern limes. The 
value set on the rank of "free baron" (frei 
herr) may be well inferred from the .act of 
Robert Reoch, Chief of (dan Donnochie, who 
claimed only that as reward for arresting the 
murderers of King lames 1., and rode miles 
when mortally wounded to get it done. In- 
deed, the distinction made later between lords 
and lairds was founded only on difference of 
fortune. 1 

All documents bearing on the point under re- 
view being now rehearsed, and what seem to 

1 An exact parallel is to he found in the history of one of his 
descendants. In i '/.so Major Philip Skene received from the 
Crown, by Mr. Pitt's advice, a g«an( of .?5,ooo acres in America, 
afterwards a second grant of yoou ; and he purchased oilier lots, 
making a f.'.n>ss total of 56,000 acres. l!ut for each acre he had 
to pay a quit-penl to the Ci own, making a not inconsiderable 
item of revenue. In 177.), having done further service by esta- 
blishing a frontier v >o st on the side of the newly conquered pro- 
vince of Canada, he had interest enough to obtain a remission 
of all the quit -rents, which rendered his lands, of course, much 
more valuable than others which were still subject to this 

me the due deductions having been made there- 
from, the turn of Tradition comes. In the Glen- 
bervie Draught, Mr. Alexander Skene writes, 
1678 : — 4 Ane old traditioun y'is that the tribe 
and family of Skein had their origin from St man 
Robertson of Athole; and they from M 'Donald, 
and y L our hist author was a son of the Laird of 
Struan, and had his Inst donation immediately 
from the King, for killing ane devouring wolfe 
in the forest, near the Friddoin Land of Aber- 
deen, for w hich he got y° confirmation of East 
and Wester Skein, to the freedom of Aberdeen." 

Another account says : — " King Malcolm Ken- 
more, having defeat the Danes at Mortlich, 
which was then the Bishop's see, and killed the 
King of Denmark there, 011 his road south from 
the Buttoch of Mortlich, being fiercely pursued 
by a devouring woulfe in the wood of Culblain, 
which then stretched itself from Rreymer to the 
forest of the Stocket of Aberdeen, miles above 
that town, a second son of Donald of the Isles, 
perceiving the fierceness of the woulfe with his 
open mouth coming upon the King, wrapt his 
plaid about his left urine, and thrust in his 
mouth and interposed himselfe to the furie of 
the wyld beast rather than have his prince in 
hazard, and then, with his right hand, drew his 
Skene, and under his arme that was in the 
mouthe of the wolfe, struck in his Skein at his 
head, and cut off his head and delivered to 
King Malcombe, for the quhilk Malcome gave 
him the lands of Skene," &c, &c. 

Sir Robert Douglas, in his "Baronage," 
abridges the above account, retaining Mortlaeh, 
and the death of the Danish general, and Culb- 
lein, but giving the King as Malcolm II., in 1014. 

Sir George Mackenzie also speaks of a second 
son of Struan Robertson as the doer of this 

Nisbet, in his " Heraldry," says he was "of 
y e family of M l Donald. 

In " Donald Rain,'' an epic poem in three 
cantos, by George Skene, 1796, which sings of 
this legendary orimn, the beast is said to have 

been a boar- a strange error. A. R. S. 

(To be continued. ) 

Tin: At.imiaukt.- -The following short sen- 
tence of eight words contains all the twenty-six 
letters of the alphabet : — 

" Tack my box with five do/en Liquor jugs." 

It will be seen that the whole sentence 
contains thirty-two letters, the letter i and o 
being each repeated three times, and the letters 
e and a twice. Could any of your correspondents 
construct a sentence in which fewer of the letters 
would be repealed, or, better still, none of them 
at all ? 

Carnoustie. JOHN Carrif.. 

July, 1890.] 



[' There is one thing unique in the peerage of 
Prince Edward. He is the only son of a Prince 
of Wales who has been elevated to the I louse of 
Lords if that is the terra for a princely crea- 
tion — before his father's accession to the throne. 
The reason, no doubt, is that never before has 
any son of a Prince of Wales attained his 
majority while his father was still only heir- 
apparent." — 'Saturday Review^ May 31st, 1S90. 

1. For "Edward" read ''Albert Victor/' 

2. George 1 1 1, w as created Duke of Edinburgh 
by his grandfather, George 11, 

3. He was of tender years at that time. The 
question of majority is evidently nihil ad rem, 
because Prince A.V. is now 26. 

4. " Elevated " is certainly nut the term, but 
"called" : a burn Prince cannot be elevated to 
a peerage ; and remark (a) a Royal Duke is 
never addressed ''my Lord Duke," but "Sir,'' 
simply ; (/>) he never signs by his peerage- title, 
but by his Christian name, as before, But a 
peerage being a substantial thing, out of respect 
for Parliament generally, and peerage in par 
ticular, the Royal Princes are commonly, styled 
by their created, not their native rank. Quite 
wrong, therefore, is the fashion of speaking of 
the "Marchioness of Lome." Lord Lome is 
not a peer ; therefore it is as wrong to call the 
Princess so as to style her "Mrs. John Camp- 
bell," If they both survive the Duke of ArgyJe, 
she would then be, according to rule, " H.R.H. 
the Duchess of Argyle," though still signing 
" Louise" only. This usage, however, is not so 
maritime a solecism as the calling the Empress 
Victoria of Germany " Empress Frederi< k." 
Who would not roar at "Queen George" Or 
"Queen William?" By-and-by, perhaps, how- 
ever silly, custom will have grown so strong 
that our present gracious Sovereign Lady will 
be known as " Queen Albert." 

5. "While his father was still only heir- 
apparent." A pretty bull ! If his father was 
not heir-apparent, he would himself be Prince of 
Wales, of course. 

Altogether the excellent. Saturday lias here 
provided a mare's nest containing five as tine 
little colts as could be seen. 

Can any one say why "II. P. 11. the- King of 
the Belgians," (so a London daily late 1)' described 
him— one of the dt nmiofgs /) attends the House 
of Lords as a stranger, instead of taking his 
seat as a peer ? Ilis hither, when married to 
Princess Charlotte, was created Duke of Kendal, 
though like Prince George of Denmark, who 
was also a peer, he was always called Prince 
Leopold. This peerage, of course, was no more 
merged in the crown of Belgium than Cumber- 

land is that ot Hanover ; yet, strange to say, 
Burke, &c, make no mention of Kendal among 
the Other Royal peerages. This should be 
looked to. 

I have often wondered that the tate Prince 
Consort (who, it appears by his brother's re- 
cently-published work, wished to be King even 
with priority over his son; was not created a 
peer by the title of " Ling of Man." This was 
b.ought by King George III. from the Duke of 
Athole for /,"8o,ooo, and is therefore in the gift 
of the Crown. It would have given precedence 
abroad. A. P. SKENE. 


.1 f: 


that derived its name f 
Penycook was one of fi 
King Alexander the „ k 
extent of the pasturag 
county of Peebles. [ A', 
David de Penicoke is 
charter (undated, but 
century) granted by \\ 

stank iiv. 14 
d about ten mi 



(iouerton, U 
former's Temple-lauds in t 
Margaret, w idow of Nige 
oath of allegiance to Lin; 

Ik- i >ai ony of 
• a.t h of Ldin- 
rly period to a family 
the lands. W. de 
jersons appointed by 
nd to ascertain the 
f Lethanhop, in the 
• de Neubotit, p. 90.] 
oi the w itnesses to a 
obably of the 1.3 th 
in do Lysui is, lord of 
vlaleuill, c lerk of the 
ouern 'ii. j A/, p. 304.] 
de Penikok took the 
Edward the First in 

1296, and had her lands restored to her. | Rotuli 
Scotice i. 26. j The barons of Penicuik seem to 
I have been royal foresters or huntsmen, and 
bore arms on their seal three hunting-horns 
stringed. 1 doubt much if the crest used by 
the Clerks a deinidiuntsman blowing a horn — 
was ever used by the Penicuiks of that Ilk. The 
tenure is not always given alike. In the oldest 
existing charter of the lands, thai of James the 
Fourth, of dale: loth- January 1507-1 50S, it is as 
follows : — " Reddendo ties flatus in cornu flatuli 
super communem moram de Edinburgh, olim 
fores tarn de Drumselch nuncupatad venationem 
regis capitalern super diet, moram." And in the 
"Clarne" submitted to the jury dial served John 
Penicuik of that Ilk heir to his father on 4th 
April, 1559. the tenure is " Pay and zeirlie . . . 
thre blastis in ane blawing home vpoun ye 
commoun more of Edinbur' sumtymes < allit ye 
forest of Drumselch at o r Souerane lord and 
ladeis cheif hunting vpoun ye said more, in name 
of blanscheferme gif It be askit allanerly." In 
the precept of sasine, however, following on the 
service, granted by Francis and Mary, six blasts 
are substituted for the three (A the above charter. 
Six is also the number in a charter of James the 
Sixth in 1577, but charters of the same monarch 
granted in 1591 and 1593 revert to ihe three 
blasts. The Penicuiks of that Ilk were obliged 
to part with their lands about the beginning of 


Scottish Notes and queries. 

[July, 1890. 

the r 7th century, their place being taken, first 
by Sir John Preston, president of the court of 
Session, and subsequently by the successful 
merchant, John Clerk, whose descendent is the 
present Sir George Douglas Cleric. The de 
Clerks of Bruce's time are unknown to me, and 
the Rattrays 1 may be allowed to mention, do 
not have the motto " Free for a blast." If one 
particular family, the Clerk- Rattrays of Craighall 
use that motto, it is because they are really 
Clerks, a cadet of Clerk of Penicuik having 
married the heiress of Rattray of Craighall. 


Old Sayings, Maxims, and Local Pro- 
verbs (111., .124). — The origin, name, and place 
of the local proverb, "That's Haulkertori's cow," 
as given in T. W.'s list is narrated in Eraser's 
History of Laurencekirk ^ p. 177, and runs as 
follows: -"An anecdote is recorded of him 
[Alexander Cowie, factor on the estate of 
Haulkerton, Kincardineshire] which may refer 
to the time of the Lord Haulkerton, who was 
somewhat peculiar in his ways. His lordship's 
cattle were frequent trespassers on the farm of 
Mains, and the noble lord was not a ready 
reckoner for the damage which they caused. A 
little ingenuity was required to convict him of 
his liability. On one occasion Mr. Cowie 
reported that an ox of his had been trespassing 
on the grounds of the Castle, and had killed a 
cow belonging to his lordship. 'Well, Alex- 
ander, you must pay for the cow.' ' But,' re- 
torted tke factor, 1 it. was your lordship's ox that 
killed my cow.' Tradition does not add how his 
lordship received the amended information, but 
'just like Haulkerton's cow' was long a proverb 
in the district, applied to anything the opposite 
of what it was described to be." 


An Old Ball Account. — Bill at the New 
Inn, Aberdeen, for Col. Gordon's ball, 5th Sept., 
1766. The dancing took place in the Hall of 
Marisehal College : 

The Hon. Col. Cordon of Fyvie. To John McGie. 

To lights, coffee, tea, shortbread and cards, £8 10 

Three dozen of best old Claret, at 36s., 5 8 

Three do/en of Red Port Wine, at 24s, 3 12 

lY 2 dozen of Porter at 4s., I 10 

The Musicians, £2 2s. ; Drink to do., 6s.,.. 2' 8 

5 dozen of white wine in Negus, 9 o 

Porters for carrying the tables and seats to 

the Col ledge Hall, o 10 

Returned, ^30 iS 

17 bottles Claret, /211s.; 

9 bottles port, iSs, £$ 9s. 

5 bottles while wine, [OS. ; 9 bot- 
tles porter, 3s., o 13 4 2 

£26 16 

438. DATE WANTED. Can any of your readers 
inform me what day of the month the last Sunday of 
November, 1687 was? C. R. F, 

439. Angus Family, Will some of your corres- 
pondents kindly favour me by saying where informa- 
tion may be found regarding this sept, the origin of 
the name, and the locality where chiefly found ? Are 
the English and Scottish families of common origin? 

Edinburgh. W. S. A. 

1 li s. --In Power's ' History of the University of Edin- 
burgh,' vol. i. pp. 242-6, are given outlines of the 
courses of study at the colleges of St. Andrews and 
Aberdeen in 1648. These form part of the minutes 
of a commission which met at Edinburgh in 1647-8 
to consult for the benefit of all the Scottish universi- 
ties. Where are these minute-, now? They are not 
in the General Register House, Edinburgh, or in the 
University Library there, or in the Advocates* Library 
there; but they were known to Prof. Dalzel (Dalzel s 
'Hist, of the Univ. of Edinb. vol. ii. p. 153, foot- 
note ; cf. J'. 144, footnote), and were seen by Prof. 
Cosmo limes in 1854 (' Easti Aberdonenses,' pref., 
pp. liii-lv., where part of the minutes relating to Edin- 
burgh is quoted, not given by Mower.) On July 6, 
1716, a Royal Commission was appointed to visit die- 
colleges of Aberdeen (signature in Public Record 
Office, " Home Office Scotch Warrants," 17:1-16, p. 
354). On December 21, 1716, the Earl of Rothes, 
chairman, transmits to Lord Townsend a copy of the 
Commission's Report (P. R. Office, 'Scotch State 
Papers, Domestic, 'vol. xii. p. 257), stating that the 
original lias been sent to the Duke of Roxburgh " to 
be laid before his majestic." On March 11, 1716/7, a 
second commission was issued to the same individuals 
('' II. O. Scotch Warrant.-,," 171O-20, p. 17). I have 
been unable to trace the second report. On the 
margin of the copy of the first report are frequent 
references, by page, to "Record of Proceedings of the 
Commission," " Deposition of Witnesses," ''Report of 
Committee on King's College," " Report of Com- 
mittee on .Marisehal College." These, also, I have 
been unable to trace.' They are not in the archives 
of the University of Aberdeen, or in the Register 
House, Advocates' Library, or University Library, 
Edinburgh, or among the "Scotch State: Papers, 
Domestic," at the Public Record Office, or the 
"Treasury Hoard Papers" there. Hut they were 
known to Prof. Thomas Gordon, of King's College, 
Aberdeen, who towards the close of last century made 
collections for the history of his college, in which the 
" Record of Proceedings" and the Depositions of 
Witnesses" are referred to by page. I shall be grate- 
ful for any suggestion as to the possible whereabouts 
of the papers of these commissions of 1647-8 and 

17 16-7. P. J. Anderson. 

441. Falconer of Phesdo. —Who were the wives 
of (1) Sir John Falconer of Phesdo, and (2) of his son, 
Sir James' Falconer (Lord Phesdo)? - U. W. L. 

442. Row. — Whom did John Row, Principal of 
King's College, marry? and who were his immediate 
descendants? H. W. L. 

July, 1890.] 


423. Sir U.. Murray, P.R.S., First President 
ok the Royal SociETY.~Can any of your readers 
say to which Scottish family this distinguished Scottish 
Btaternan and savant belonged? lie is generally 
spoken of as Sir Robert Murray of Craigie, ami i.-, 
said to have been the son of Sir Robert of Craigie, by 
a daughter of George llalkett of Pitfirrane. rs the 
Craigie here spoken of a Fifeshire estate, and ua : 
Sir Robert Murray a native of that county. tic was 
educated at St. Andrews, which seem-, to point that 
way. W. B. K. VV. 

424. WM, 1 1 am t [.TON 01' BaNGOUJI. — -I find il al- 
leged in some biographies of the Poet that William 
Hamilton ofBangour was the son of an Ayrshire laird. 
Is that the case ? And, if so, what was the estate 
and where situated ? 

Dollar. W. B. R. W. 


393. Origin of the Penny Post in Edin- 
burgh (HI., 141). - Peter Williamson, the originator 
of the Penny Postal System in Edinburgh, will him- 
self best answer this query. On the cover of his Di- 
rectory for 1775-0 he slates that he "did not long 
continue without many rivals," and that "the multi- 
plicity of penny post offices which were constantly 
starting up distracted public attention." " Peter 
Williamson thinks it a duty he owes himself, to inform 
the public that all the offices belonging to him are 
mentioned in the last page of the Directory ', and that 
every letter delivered |>y any of his men is stamped 
with the words penny post paid, or penny post not 
paid. If any letter should be ottered by the penny 
post without such stamp the) are entreated not to pay 

I01 n, as such a practice might encourage the men to 
circumvent their master, who is obliged to pay I hem 
their wages weekly, whether the office yields himself 
so much or not, which, he is sorry to say, is some 
weeks the case. By perseverance, however, he still 
hopes to succeed. lie begs leave to assure the public 
of the safely and expedition of letters or parcels in- 
trusted to his care; or to any of the offices he has 
appointed in different parts of the town for tin: cOn- 
veniency of the public ; as, if properly directed, they 
cannot fail of being speedily delivered.'' Williamson 
further says N. B, The Public may depend that 
Letters, &c, will be regularly sent by tin.- Penny Tost 
to Leith or any place within an English Mile of the 
Cross of Edinburgh, every hour thro' the day, a num- 
ber of hands being kept lev lhat purpose ; ami the 
different offices for taking in Williamson's Penny Tost 
Letters are all inserted in the Directory." When the 
Penny Post was assumed by Government he received 
a pension, which he enjoyed till his death, but I haw- 
not been able to ascertain the amount. It is narrated 
that Williamson was very polite. When a letter was 
taken to his house to be delivered by his penny post 
runners he always made a most obsequeous bow, 
adding, " many thanks to you, sir." In lookingover 
some Post Office matters recently, the following at- 
tracted my attention, and may be of interest t< your 
readers :— 


The Post between Lon- 
don and Edinburgh was 
of course conducted on 
horseback. It usually went 
twice a week, sometimes 
only once. Three years 
alter, when the troubles 
had begun, the communi- 
cation had become inse« 
cure. A person in Eng- 
land then wrote to his 
friend in Scotland :— " I 
hear the posts are waylaid 
and all letters taken from 
them and brought to Sec- 
retary Cooke, therefore 
will I not, nor do you send 
by that way hereafl 


Boyd s Alma- 

nac for 1839, page 92. 



The beginning of this 
month will witness several 
important alterations in 
the Aberdeen mail service 
which have been made in 
consequence of represent- 
ations bom influential 
quarters. The 9.55 A.M. 
London mail will arrive 
in Aberdeen one hour 
earlier. A new train leav- 
ing about 6 P.M., and 
reaching London about 8 
next morning, will also be 
put on. The (>. 15 a.m. 
train will be timed to join 
the* Hying Scotchman, 
which leases Edinburgh 
at lo o'clock, and arrives 
in London at 6.30 P.M., 
allowing letters and news- 
papers to be delivered in 
London that night. The 
night mail bom London 
to the far north is also to 
be accelerated. — Local 
Newspaper, May 9, 1890. 
It Would be of interest if an)' of your correspondents, 
acquainted with Post Office statistics, would favourus 
with the Post Office fifty years ago and now, this 
being the Jubilee year of the Penny Postal system. 

William Thomson. 

7 Madeira Place, Leith. 

424. 73rd Perthshire Regiment (IV., 17).— A 
history of this regiment wili be found in Stewart's 
Highlanders and Highland Regiments (Edin., 1822), 
Vol, II., p. 187 10 204. A full account of the corps, 
brought down to a more recent dale, i.-, published 
separately as one Of the volumes of tin: series of the 
Historical Records of the British Army, printed by 
Authority ; w hich can be obtained by any London 

Tertowie. W. K. K. 

433. The Newton Ston e:< — Interpretations of 
the inscriptions on this stone have been attempted by 
Mill ; Davis ; Padre** ; Wright ; Simonides; Brown; 
Carr ; Mr. Y. Skene; Brash ; Ellison ; Moore ; Lord 
Southesk ; and others. The- renderings are as various 
and opposite as they are numeious. I refer G. li. C. 
to the following, \i/.. : — Proceedings of Society of Anti- 
quaries Scotland, vol. v. pp. 224 and 2-S9 ; vol. vii. 
p. II ; vol. x. p. 134; vol. xiv. p. 202; vol. xviii. 
pp. 21 and 191 ; vol. xx. p. 30. Also Early Traces 
of Scotland, by Colonel Forbes Leslie, vol. II. p. 
383; and Ancient Pillar Stones of Scotland, by 0. 

Tertowie. W. K. K. 

433- "O. C. B., wishes a rendering of the inscrip- 
tion on this SloAe. Unfortunately hi can be supplied 
with a rendering from almost any language, from 
Latin to Caithagenian. This stone is a standing re- 
proach to the antiquarianism cf Aberdeenshire/ What 
is wanted is a more careful drawing of the inscription 

4 o 

than any that have yet appeared, and that this draw- 
ing, when completed, be circulated among those 
whose opinion it is desirable to ascertain ; such, how- 
ever, being by no means those commonly called 
"learned" men, and that then the answers he di- 
gested. The expenditure of a few pounds seems to 
be all that is necessary to wipe out the reproach, 
" G, 15. C. will probably come to learn that the in- 
scription was probably the work of an idle moment 
by some one possessed of at least as much knowledge 
O? Greek as to be acquainted with the alphabet ; that 
it is probably not a century old ; and that the so- 
called Runic inscription along the edge of the stone 
is as Runic as the mysterious chalk markings on a 
coal cart loading at Aberdeen harbour. C. 

437. Sr. Columba's Hi rth place (IV., 18).- 
St. Columba was born at Gartan, a wiiil district in 
the County of Donegal, Ireland. Full particulars of 
him will be found upon a reference to " Adamnnn's 
Life of St. Columba, Founder of lly (vulgarly called 
the Island of Iona), Edited by Dr. William Reeves," 
4to, 18^7. Adainnan's Memoir is to be prized as an 
inestimable literary relic of the Irish Church : perhaps 
the most valuable monument jf that Institution which 
has escaped the; ravage's uf time. The Illustrative 
Notes and Dissertations by Dr. William Reeves are 
truly highly valuable and instructive. 

Edinburgh. T. G. S. 


Inventories of Records illustrating the history of 
the Burgh of Aberdeen. By Mr. P. J. Ander- 
son. Aberdeen University Press. 1890. [Pp. 
60, 4to.] 

It is generally known that Aberdeen is rich in 
voluminous records extending from the 14th 
century "to date," but how rich one could 
scarcely imagine without the aid of this print. 
The all but complete series of the Town Council 
Registers arc the envy of more important burghs. 
And although that is a very important section 
of the archives there are a great many others 
little behind. A great service is performed in 
the present print, a service to the antiquary and 
genealogist, and to the officials who have to 
consult from time to time the books and docm 
ments now catalogued with such evident care, 
and edited in such an interesting" way. Some 
of the principal Inventories are those of Char- 
ters, County and Burgh Sasines, Mortifications, 
Accounts, Propinquity Books, Guildry Books, 
&c. Ed. 

A Concise I.listo)y of tJie Ancient and Illus- 
trious House of Gordon. By C. A. GORDON. 
Aberdeen : D. Wyllte & Son, 1890. [7 x 
5 in., 155 pp.] 
Tins is a useful reprint of a work originally 
published in 1754, which in its turn was drawn 
mainly from the more voluminous History of 
the Gordons, by William Gordon, published in 

[Junk, 1890. 

1726. The author's desire was to abridge the 
family genealogy by confining it to the main 
stem, and also to disengage the family history 
from the general history of the nation. In this 
latter aim he has naturally been only partially 
successful, for the task world just be as difficult 
to write a general history of the nation without 
frequent allusion to the Gordons, who for cen- 
turies were in Scotland a governing family of 
the first rank. Indeed, the author's failure in 
his design is very much the measure of his suc- 
cess. The volume will prove attractive as a 
SUCCint resume of an important family line, and 
of the principal points of contact between it and 
concurrent historical events. It should be 
welcomed for its own sake, and as tin- possible 
appetizer for a comprehensive and exhaustive 
family history of this all bet regal clan, root and 
branch. The present volume is got up with 
much taste. Ed. 

161I1 Year of Publication. 

Salopian Sbrcbs anO ipatcbes. 

Noii-;s on the History, Antiquities, anu Folk J>oku 
of Shropshire. 

Reprinted, with addition.-, from 
The Subscription is 8/- (8 Quarterly Parts at i/« each), pay 
able in advance. Subscribers' names may be received at any 
time for the current Volume (IX.), which commences January 
i, 3889. 

London: Mitchell and Hughes, 140, Wardouk St., VV. 

Berkshire Notes and Queries, 

j A Quarterly Journal devoted to the Family History, 
x~V Antiquities, and Topography of the Koyal County. 
Part I., Vol. republished June, 1890. Subscription 5/ per 
annum, post Iree, payable in advance. 

Contributions and Subscribers' names received by the Editor, 
Ceo. F. Tudor Sherwood, 6 Futtinm Park Road, London, S.W. 


A Quarterly Journal devoted to the Antiquities, Geology, 
Natural Features, Parochial Records, Family History, Legends 
and Traditions, Folk Lore, Curious Customs, &c, of the Fen- 
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Vol. IV. I No. 

AUGUST, 1890. 


/ Price jcl. 
I Per Pos i 3^d 



The Illustration, 
Epitaph* an J Insc 

St. Nicholas QlU 


Ayrshire as a factor in Scottish Development, .. 

Bibliography of Dundee Periodical Literature, .. 

Scraps of Aberdeenshire Folk Lore, 

Notes on Rhymes, Old Sayings, &c, 
Mi now Notes;- 

Bibliography of Montrose Periodical Literature, 

Alexander Geddes, 

Epitaph on jaines Seton of Pitmedden, .. 

Archibald Robertson, Miniature Painter,.. 

A French Invasion Kii*hty.seveii years ago, 

The Authoi *hip of " Roy's Wife of Aldivalloch," 

" Roy's Wife of Aldivalloch," 

Formation of a Chapter of Scottish Heralds., 

Egger Meal " Black Monday "—Families of Bui 
Stobo, Glen, Baillie— MacGregor Family— Abei 
Grammar School Medals St.. Orca- George Gleds 
Minister of St. Andrews— Monumental Brass 
"Til. hie Fowler of the Glen"— Dr. Gregory Shi 
Aberdeen Professor in 1567— 'Sir Leonard Hall 

Lord Mayor of London, „ , 

Answers :— 

Cock of the North— The Office of Han- man - Ken 
Clark — Iona or Ioua— St. Tieman and Bells- 
Perthshire Regiment- St. Columba's Birthplace^ 
Wanted William llamillon >f hai\gpwr,r. 





THIS month's illustration is that of a handsome 
parcel-gilt Communion Gup or Wine Goblet, 
part of the silver plate belonging to Aberdeen 
University. The loose lid and sides are beau- 
tifully chased, and an inscription bears out that 
the article w as presented to King's College by 
"Jacobus Fmser. 11 According to the College 
Fasti a Jacob ws Frastr x Moravicnsis, graduated 
in 1664 ; and in 1750, presumably the same 
person, designed 1.1.. 1)., and Secretary of the 
Royal Hospital, Chelsea, made in his will several 
bequests to the College^ such as a Walnut Tree 
Escritoire, a Chest of Drawers, a Looking Glass, 
and books and MSS., besides a good deal of 
money for bursaries and other purposes. In 
this document there is no mention of the subject 
of our illustration, but its age leaves little doubt 
that it is the same as the donor, whose design 
was evidently to make his Alma Mater a sort 1 

of residuary legatee. It is stamped \\i:h the 
maker's initials T A, and an old English C or 
E, In the absence of regular hall marks, the 
article is assumed to be of Scotch manufacture. 



CH U R C 1 1 Y A R D— S ECT ION D. 
On a large ground stone there is cut : 

Mere lyes Alexander Lumsden burger ! and malt- 
ster in this brough who dc | parted this life the 14 of 
March 1 7 1 4 j of age 77. Also [sobel Gall his spouse 
I who departed this life the 16 of | May 1712 and of 
age 70 years | with 5 ol their children. j Also their 
son [ohn Lumsden shipmaster | a merchant in Abd. 
died y c 8 Lh Nov. 1754 | aged 87. | With [9 of their 
children | Am! Capt" John Lumsden their widest | 
son who died the 2 d of Peb r J 1774 aged 69. | Also 
their grandson Alex, the son of | Will 1 " & Jean 
Lumsden aged 1 1 . 

Captain John Lumsden, at his death in 1 7 54> 
was the oldest shipmaster belonging to the port, 
and was survived by his wife, to whom he had 
been married for nearly sixty years. 

1 'n a marble tablet inserted in the wall 

Here are Interred die Kemains of John Nicol | late 
Merchant in Aberdeen, who died in Mar. h 1794. | 
And of Helen Wilson his Spouse, who died in De- 
cern 1 ' 1792. I Both in an Advanced Age. | Having by 
Iheir Settlemenl of the 26 th .May 1790 ; h it Six Hun- 
dred and Thirl)' Pounds of their Property | to Public 
Charities in this City | their Executors caused this 
Monument to he erected | as a Tribute due to their 
Mem< iry. 

By the settlement above referred to, the sum 
ot £\oo was left "for the relief and assistance 
of the families of two decayed .Merchant Bur- 
gesses of Aberdeen," while sums of a similar 
amount were bequeathed to the Trades Hospital, 
the Poor's I louse and the Kirk Session. In 
connection with the donation, to the latter bod)', 
certain proceedings took place at a meeting of 
the Kirk Session on 12th January, 1759, 1 from 
which it appears that Nicol had married, as his 
second wife, Jean Crawford, who had been his 
domestic servant. Nicol had died, however, 
without making any provision for her except an 

1 So^. Records. Vol. XXI. 



[Aug isi, 1890. 

annuity of ^3, which she received under the 
settlement of 1790, but by an agreement of the 
Trustees this annuity was ultimately increased 
to £17. 

Another marble tablet, close beside the last, 
records that 

Helen Duff, j Relict of William DufTof Uraco, | 
Died 20 of November, | 1780. 

This lad)\ on the 30th January, 17 34, or forty- 
six years previous to her death, intimated her 
desire that at her decease the Town Council 
would accept the sum of two thousand mcrkb 
(£ 1 1 1 _'s. 2d.) as a mortification for the purpose 
that the annual renf or interest might be paid to 
a young woman. The qualifications of the dam - 
sel were (hat she should be sober, virtuous, and 
poor, the daughter of a Burgess of Guild, a Pro- 
testant, and under the age of thirteen years. 
The rent of the mortification was to be applied 
for the benefit of the young lady, " for her edu- 
cation and mantainance in Learning, Sueing, 
and all Millinaris work, Pastrie, and Other such 
useful Education, lit for a Gentlewoman, w ithin 
the town of Aberdeen, that may enable her to 
gain her bread honestly, and in a lawful way." 
Power was likewise given to the patron for the 
time to deprive .any person from the benefits of 
the mortification "who shall behave herself 
lightly; or undecently, or give scandal or offence 
by her indiscretion or misbehaviour." It was 
likewise provided that the Town Council were 
to become patrons oi the mortification after the 
decease of Patrick Duff of Premnay, and .Mar- 
garet Duff his spouse, w ho were to exercise that 
pri\ ilt'ge in the first place. 

The next monument is built into the wall, and 
was erected to Ml Dick's memory by several 
members of his congregation- - 

In I Memory | of the j Rev. Alexander Dick, j 
Minister ol the | Associate Congregation here; | who, 
for 34 years, Preached the Gospel | with primitive 
simplicity, | to a People who honoured and loved 
him ; | whose acquisitions in Theological learning, j 
and diligence in the duties of his function, | showed 
thai lus labours were as delightful | to himself, as ihey 
were profitable to others; | whose Religion was 
Strict, hut not morose ; | warm, but not enthusiastical, 
and I regular, but not formal, and whose life | was a 
perpetual Commentary j on the Purity of his Doe- 
trine: 1 died 17th February, 1793. | .Ktat 64. 

Mr. Dick, 1 so far as can be gathered, was born 
in Kinross-shire or in kifeshire, where it borders 
on the former county. Mis father and three 
elder brothers were farmers, but he was designed 
for the ministry, and for that purpose passed 
through the classes at St Andrews. It was while 
attending the Divinity classes at Edinburgh 

that the turning point in his career took place, 
when, by conviction, he came out from the 
Establishment and joined the Secession, finish- 
ing his Divinity studies, in consequence, at 
Glasgow. The movement caused by the dis- 
satisfaction with the government of the Church 
had been growing for some considerable time, 
but the first distinct breaking away took place 
from the Synods of Perth and .Stirling in 1733, 
when the Rev. Mr. Erskine re-fused to submit 
himself to the rebuke and admonition of the 
( leneral Assembly. 

Iii Aberdeen the feeling against the Church 
as constituted by Law may be said to date from 
1725, when the Town Council, as patrons, issued 
a direct presentation in fav our of the Rev. James 
Chalmers of Dyke, which was disapproved of 
by the Synod. The Assembly, before whom 
the matter was brought, as in duty bound sus- 
tained the presentation, although expressing 
disapprobation of the manner in which it had 
been procured against the decided wishes of 
the majority. Schism was prevented at this 
time, however, chiefly by the fact the Rev. John 
Bisset of New Machar was appointed one of the 
city ministers in 1728, and his ministrations 
apparently proved acceptable to those who had 
called in question the action of the Council in 

On the Rev. Mr. Bisset's death m 1756, the 
first Secession body was formed, chiefly from 
1 Mr. Bisset's congregation and from that of 
! ( ireyfriars. For some time the new congregation 
' met in a malt-barn in East North Street, 1 and 
latterly in a building in Weigh-house Square, 
I which they tiitcd up specially for the purpose of 
! a chape: 1 . 

1 The next Step was to obtain a minister, 
I and their choice fell on Mr. Dick, who at the 
I same time had a call from a congregation in 
Bathgate, but preferring Aberdeen, he was or- 
I dained and admitted minister here on 71I1 
I December, 1758. In 1772 the congregation 
I removed from their old meeting place to the 
! building now called Melville Church, which had 
I then been new ly erected. De died, as already 
I noted, on the 17th February, 1 79 3> in tne D 4*h 
J year of his age, and his friends have given what 
is doubtless a fair enough estimate of his 
character in the inscription on his monument. 
Mr. Dick married Helen, a daughter of Peter 
Tolmie, Shipmaster in Aberdeen, by whom he 
had a family of nine children, the greater number 
of whom died in childhood. His eldest son 
was the late Dr. Dick of Glasgow. 

A ground stone contains the following family 
record — 

1 Sermons, or Notes .'/ Sermons, by the late Rev. Alexander 
Dick. 1852. 

I The first Secession minister who preached in Aberdeen is 
said to have heen the Rev. William McEwen ot Dundee. 

August, 1890. J 



Here lyes tinder the hop of a blessed resureclion 
Iohn Semper Merchant Intrges of Abd. who departed 
this lyfe 13 of March i6S6andofhis age 59 And 
his spouse Margaret I Clark who departed this I lyef 
4 th of October 170S j and of her age the 74 year | As 
also William Souper j Merchant in Aberdeen his j 
Son who departed tins life | the 20 u > day of Septem- 
ber 172<d I and of his age the 65^ year | As also Jean 


he I d< 

I in Al lerdeen who dep 
ary 1756 | aged 86 year 
rick Sou per | late Merel 
2 nd of Nov 1 ' 1771 aged 
Sonper daughter to | tin 
the j 9 of August 1 78 1 
child to Patrick Souper 

1st William Souper Merchant 

rted this I life the 3 of [ami- 
i And here lies interred I'at- 

int in this City who died the 
62 years | Here lyes Isobel 
above W ni Souper wh< 1 died 

tged 83 years \ II. I. grand- 
J 79S aged 18 years. | 

Also Jean Souper her mother | who (lied 4 April r8o8 
aged 74 years. 

On another ground stone there is cut — 
Here rests in tin- Lord lohn | Gormack M T of the 
English I School] of Abd. who departed | this life the 
17 of Nov* 1672 j As also Methilda Wallace his j 
spous who departed this life j the 10 da)' of [lily 1673. 
I Also Robert Dauidson merchant | burges ol Abd. 
who deported this j life the 19 Sept 1 1699 and of | his 
age 40 years. ] And Margrat Gormack his spouse | 
who died April 18 [752 aged 87 I and fames Margrat 
Thomas and I Margrat Dauidsons their children. | 
Here lyes Thomas Farquharson | merchant in Abd. 
whodeparted j this life; March ye [6 th 1746 aged 80 | 
Likways Isabella Farquharson his | daughter who died 

The record on the tombstone is interesting 
from a genealogical point of view, seeing it car- 
ries down the connection to Gorlnack's great- 
great-grandson, John Proiter, who died in 1764. 

On ;i ground stone near the wall there is — 

Here lie the Remains of j Charles Jamesoji Esqr | 
who died i j 1 ' 1 Of September 1791 | Aged 85 years j 
And who possessing Genius improved by Learning I 
And Knowledge of the world, | w as ainbitious only [ 
to maintain the character of i An Honest Man | The 
noblest work of God. 

In the notice 1 of Mr. Jameson's death lie is de- 
scribed as having been formerly of St. George's, 
Hanover Square, London. 

At the junction where the old west wall now 
meets the new extension towards Union Street, 
and where formerly the enclosing wall turned at 
right angles eastward, to form the south bound- 
ary w nil of the old churchyard, there is built in 
a stone, the inscription on which has become 
entirely obliterated. 

1 On one ot 


March ye 26™ j 
son his 1 spouse 
8 th 1753 aged 6l 
to Peter I'roito 
years | And [ohi 
wmber 1 704 | .1 
['roilor, died IJ*V 1 Veemhe 
Gormack, who w as latt 
lisli Sc hool, appears lbs 

753 aged 2 r. ! 
who departed 
j Also Margrat 
who I died 5 
Proitor thei. ; 
;ed 4 years. I 

Also Elizabeth I )avid- 
this life I October ye 
Farquharson | spouse 
Aug L 1764 aged 33 
son j who died 2s No- 
! Also the above Pete* 
810 aged 84 yeai>.. 

y master of the Lug 
lS Reader in the ( >ld 

identify the Stc 
and Logan. - 
stone in its on 
it was in a n 
than now, an( 
is as follows : - 
Hie I iacet vi 

te harder stones 01 tin: w all, below 
tablet which had contained the 
iete is cut the initials L. L., 
1047, and this is sufficient to 
»ne as that referred to by Kennedy 
The latter was able to see the 
ginal site on the south wall, when 
inch better state of preservation 
1 the inscription as given by him 

tese duties consisted 
Scriptures between 
o morning and even- 
hereby, he declares, 

Church, to w hich he was appointed in May, [663, 
at a salar\ ol 80 merles. 'Ibis remuneration, 
however, was out of all proportion to the work 
to be performed, so at a Council meeting, three 
months after his appointment, he presented a 
petition, in. which be narrates the duties which 
fell on him to perform; 
in reading portions of t 
sermons on Sunday, and 
ing during the weekdays 
the work- is such as " tyil him to constant and 
great attendance." The Council, in considering 
the mutter, had before them the fact that the 
week-day services,, w hich had only been lately 
resuscitated, were additional duties not included 
in his first appointment, and fixed the salary 
for the future at two hundred pounds Scots. 
This sunt they allocated on different funds, part 
of it falling to be paid by Thomas Davidson, 
Master of the Music School, out of the fees col- 
lected for baptisms, eve. 1 

1 Council Register, Vol. L1V. 454, 653. 

10-17. 1 

It wi 
with tin 
this pe: 
had bee 
it had 
to wh? 

I b 

, who died 

1 be red by 
re burgh, 


' Leslie Merca- 
iie August! 1647. 
Leonard Leslie, 

day ol August, 

osc acquainted 
it it was during 

od that 
of the ma 
Some two 
1 in the bur, , 
been got tin 
1 great, we're 

:rdeen was visited by the 
y heavy visitations of the 


years previous the disease 
h, but by careful measures 
nder, and the casualties, 
nothing as compared 
in 1047. The first re- 
k occurs under date 12th 
:1 meeting of the citizens, 
:h counsell-hous," it was 
Magistrates had certain 
nee that the pestilence had, appeared 
ie, and it was resolved to keep a strict 

ference to this on 
Apt tl, when, at a 
held within the 
explained that 
in Lei 

watch at the Bridge of Dee, the Block- 
house, Crabstane, and other places, so as not to 
admit any, townsmen nor strangers, unless able 
to certify that they did not come from a sus- 
pected place. A fortnight Inter a second meet- 
ing was convened, when it appears that two 

1 d&mUett Journal, 

- MS. Advocates' Library. 

4 6 


members of a family, living at Pitmuxton, had 
died from the disease, which had been brought 
to the place by a woman who had but lately 1 
come from Brechin, and, what was still worse, 
one of the children who had died had been at- 
tending the English school within the burgh. 

The result of this meeting was that the most 
stringent measures v. ere adopted to prevent the 
spread of the disease, both by watching the va- 
rious ports and by reforming the sanitary condi- 
tion of the town. Some of these measures strike 
us as very curious. For example, all idle and 
stranger beggars are to be forthwith expelled, 
all dogs and cats to be killed within forty-eight 
hours, and poison laid for the destruction of 
mice and " rations," while no hawker of clothes, 
old or new, to be allowed to exercise hjj call- 
ing in the meantime. 

Notwithstanding all the precautions taken, the 
plague spread within the town to an alarming 
extent, so much so that the meetings of Council 
had to be discontinued for months, and when 
they did meet for urgent business, it was at 
Womanhill and Gilcomston, places at the time 
outside the limits of the burgh proper. The 
election of the Town Council at Michaelmas, 
1647, tools place at the Womanhill, and is, I be- 
lieve, the only recorded instance where a muni- 
cipal election took place outwith the burgh limits, 
The disease; increasing in virulence, it was 
deemed prudent to take all infected persons out 
of the town, and they were accordingly accom- 
modated in huts in the kinks and VVoolmanhill, 
wherestrony military guards prevented an) inter* 
course taking place with those inside the burgh. 
The victirhs who died were buried at the various 
places where huts had been erected, and it was 
only quite recently that, in making a sewer 
through the Links, the graves of many of those 
who had died in the plague of 1647 were dis- 

The total number of persons who are sup- 
posed to have died of the disease in this the 
greatest and last visitation of the plague, is esti- 
mated at 1600, and when we remember that in 
1647 the population of the burgh was in all pro- 
bability under 8000, this means that twenty per 
cent., or one-fifth of the citizens, died from this 
terrible disease. 

Alex. M. Munro. 

(To be continued. ) 


THE present Church of Colinton was originally 
built in 1773 to supply the place of another 
which had become ruinous, but it has Un lergone 
various repairs since. In 1817 the walls were 

raised four feet and a new rijof added, while 
eighteen years later the seat accommodation was 
extended. There have accordingly been many 
alterations. The tomb of Agnes Heriot, to which 
admission was obtained from the inside of the 
church, was in 1835 made to open from the out- 
side ; and the old iron coffin, which at present 
lies along tin- main walk, was removed from the 
grave of Marion Cleghoni or Donaldson, who 
had died in 1825. 

This huge iron case requires several men to 
move it, and is a relic of resurrectionist times. 
It was made to be placed over the coffin after 
burial, and accordingly it has no bottom. At 
the repairing of the church in 1835 it was re- 
moved, although it is said that tin- will of the 
deceased directed that it should inner be dis- 
turbed. No doubt the passing away of the spe- 
cial circumstances which necessitated such pro- 
te< tion a< counts for the desecration. 

Inside the church is the tombstone of Agnes 


VAS • qy HA • DIED 
8 AVGYS7 > lf??v 

Heriot. who is usually designated the "heiress of 
Lumphoy," and whom we have failed to identify 
further. There is a local tradition that s'he was 
the daughter of George HeriQt, the famous gold- 
smith to James VI. Through some temporary 
embarrassments of the owner the lands of Lum- 
phoy had passed into the hands of Heriot, who 
bestowed them upon his daughter. To support 
this story, there is said to be an underground 
passage between Lennox Tower 1 \ ariously called 
Lumphoy). in the parish of Currie, anil the 
mansion of the Foulises at Colinton, over two 
miles distant. A piper once tried to explore it, 
and was heard playing till he came below Currie 
Bridge, when the sounds ceased, nor has he 
been recovered since 1 

There can hardly be any truth in this alleged 
connection between Agnes Heriot and George 
Heriot. The latter was born in 1503, and, as 

1 There seem to have been various pi;eis who have acted in 
this way and fared similarly. 1 lie Hill of Olrig, near Thurso, 
has the same legend. 

August, 1890. 



the stone shows, Agnes died in 1593. This 
would make both father and daughter abnormally 
young at the period of their marriages. What 
may be termed the official record of Heriot's 
life 1 makes no mention of any child of Meruit 
who would correspond to this Agnes. In fact 
he was not married till January 
as the marriage contract states, 
Marioribanks, doeter lauchfull 
Symone Marioribanks merchand 

Whoever Agnes Heriot was, she m. 
James Foulis, whose grandfather had acq 
by purchase, the lands of Colinton in 1519* 
The family is said to be of Norman extraction, 
and their arms bear three bay leaves (feuillcs) 
as may be seen in the annexed figure, James 
Foulis was "succeeded by a son of the same 

14, 1580, to, 
u Christuine 
of umquhill 





A Y R S H 1 R E A S A F A ( : T ok IN 

• ( Concluded from /. yj, I 'ol. IV.) 

Passing from die sphere of publip life to lhat of com- 
mercial, manufacturing, and agricultural enterprise, I 
may mention that my tables show thai 34 ol the fore- 
mosi merchants and captains of. industry belonging to 
our country are of Ayrshire birth, among whom are 
names so respectable -is that of David Dale, the pion- 
eer of die cotton manufacture in Scotland, and a man 
I of whom Carlyle, writing ofa Scottish Portrait Gal - 
I lery, says that he would " lake in, and eagerly, his 
I portrait as that of a veritable historic character," i.e. 

us he defined it, " a Scotchman who liws in the ine- 
I mory of his countrymen, and who is yet practically 
recognisable us a conspicuous worker, spcaki r, singer, 
I or sufferer in the past time of Scotland,' a.s v.ell as 
the names of men so prominently identifit I >vilh the 
i shipping trade of this country as the brothers Smith 
and Allan, a pair of Ayrshire families w hose ent< rprise 
has done much to give Great Britain her present pre- 
eminence iii the carrying trade of the world. Not to 
be tedious on this matter, I may just add that Ayr- 
shire has contributed her full quota to the inventors 
and mechanical and civil engineers whu have done so 
much to develop the resources and advance the civil- 
ization ol our country. My tables contain the names 
of no fewer than fifteen such inventors, among which, 
to mention only a few of the belter known, air those 
of William Murdoch, to whom we owe the discovery 
of gas as an illuminating agent, as well as man)' im- 
provements on Watt's steam-engine; ol Charles Ten- 
nant, the founder of the great St. Rollox chemical in- 
dustry ; .is well as of John Loudoun Macadam, whose 
method of road construction has not onb revolution- 
ised the highway system of our country, but has given 


our own and n 

the. Eu 

hi have been expected, from it.- 
"icultural county, Ayrshire has ; 

iduced not 
the agri- 

name, who stood high in the favour of J ames VI., 
and by whom he was created a knight. He 
married the daughter of Sir John Lauder of 
Hatton, by whom he had his heir, Alexander. 
Alexander was created a baronet ol Nova Scotia 
in 1634 by Charles 1. 

From the appearance of the dial, which, is 
built into the wall of the chnrch, it would hardly 
seem to be so old as the date would indicate. 
The lines are fresh, and do not appear as if they 
had borne the brunt of two centuries and a half. 
The dimensions of Agnes Heriot's tombstone 
are 2 ft. 8 in. by 1 ft. 1 1 in. 

J. Calder Ross. 

r. c. Rohertson. 

1 History of George Mcriot's Hospital, by Fred. Bedford, 


-Thomas Murray, Id..!)., in his Uiograj>hhea.LAnnah of the 
J'aris/t of Colinton [Edinburgh 1863] shows that the tub was 
not completed till 1531. 

a new w t 
pean lait: 
As mij 
as an ag 

a few men who have clone much to 
cultural resources of Scotland. Most readers have 
heard the old rhyme which has come down to us al- 
most from pre-histork times, in which the renown of 
the different districts of Ayrshire, in respect to the 
different departments of agriculture in which each of 
them was pre-eminent, is succinctly apportioned. 1 
refer to the well-known quatrain — 

" Carrick foi a man, 

Kyle for a coo, 
Cunningham lor butter and cheese, 

And Galloway for \>o ." 
It will be seen from these lines that at a very early 
period the present superiority of Ayrshire as a dairying 
district had been fully established. To whom we are 
to give tlte credit of producing that notable variety of 
cows, known as the Ayrshire Breed, which is generally 
acknowledged to be the best know n breed of cows for 
milk -producing purposes in this or any other country, 
history knoweth not. The name of the public bene- 
factor whose skill and care succeeded in bringing that 
admirable breed to perfection, has perished. but it 



[August^ 1890. 

otherwise with the name of the person whom tradi- 
tion associates with the discovery or perfecting of that 
method of cheese tnanufacture by which the variety 
known as the Dtmlop cheese is produced, Fori proud 
of the addition thus made to the agricultural wealth 
of the district, the fanners and farmeresses of Ayrshire 
still hear in grateful remembrance the name ol Bar- 
bara Gilmour, the worthy Scottish matron of the 
seventeenth century who was the first to introduce the 
riew system among her rustic sisters in North Ayrshire. 

To come dovvn to >> later period, 1 in.:' hen add 
tint Scotland owe.-, to Ayrshire that introduction of 
sheep-farming into the Highlands, which, initialed 
about the middleof the eighteenth century, has since 
completely revolutionised the old clan system of land 
tenure th i so Lung prevailed there, For ii was |ohn 
Cauiph II, ;in Ayrshire man, who kepi the inn at 
Tyndrum about that fiine, who made the discovery 
which led to the agricultural revolution to which 1 
ha\c referred. Campbell had rented a small hill-farm 
from Lot I LireadaJbane, and being too poor to build 
a sheltci tot hi., sheep, he turned them out on a moun- 
tain side llnoii-h a stormy winter. To his own sur- 
prise, am! that of everybody else, the flock was in high 
order in the spring, notwithstanding all the storms it 
ha.l endured. Seeing the benefit of such a course, 
Campbell w ent in for sheep-farming on a large scale, 
and thenceforward his successful example was exten- 
sively follow* ft, with the results, both good and evil, 

that, wv now know ii to have produced. Without 
entering into the quest-ion of the comparative gain or 
loss which Scotland may have sustained from the suc- 
cessful enterprise of John Campbell, 1 cannot (dose 
this department >•( my.subject without remarking that, 
at all events, in George Macartney's invention of the 

Scotland but to the world an invention which all will 
ad nit to be an undoubted and unalloyed boon. Be- 
fore passing ti un this •subject ol Ayrshire's contribu- 
tion to the activit) an 1 enterprise of Scotland, I must 
notice thai there is one department of that activity 
and enterprise, but only one, in which the natives of 
this shire, though not conspicuous by their absence, 
an; at least not so forward and prominent as they have 
proved themselves in every other sphere of effort and 
ambition. I refer to that of adventurous travel or 
exploration. My tables contain the name oi only one 
traveller or explorer. ( refer to William Lands- 
borough ope <>f the many energetic Scotsmen who 
hive penetrated the continent of Australia, and so 
opened up the interior to civilization. I cannot 
accouni for th|s paucity ol travellers among Ayrshire 
m-'ii, us every other Leading Scottish count)' can 
reckon tip several adventurous sons of this hardy and 
erratic type. 

Bui il Ayrshire is comparatively barren in respect 
to the number of travellers and explorers she has 
given to the world, that is the only held of Scottish 
activit)' in which she is open to any such charge, for 
when we examine her contributions to the held either 
ol pure scholarship or of prose literature we find the 
place site' occupies is one ol decided distinc tion. She 
may no1 equal Aberdeen in the hum bet o( her 
journalists, although 1 find no fewer than 20 highlj 

creditable names figuring on that list ; but in respect 
to her contributions to classical prose literature she is 
not far behind that highly literary county. 1 find for 
example the names ol in; fewer than JO literary men 

ol more or less reputation ainohg my natives of Ayr- 
shire, as well as ot S scientific men, am! 2 metaphysi- 
cal and moral philosopher^ I shall hot now inflict 
many of these names on my readers ; but L may 
mention thai among them are SUCh names as those 
ol Krigena, one ol the first and greatest Ol the school- 
men ; ol the ( hevalier Ramsay, whose literary 
activity was chiefly confined to France, mi l whose 
works an- still esteemed among the French classics ; 
oi Robert Sims,,ii too, one of Scotland's foremost 
mathematicians; of Robert Watt, the great biblio- 
grapher; of John (Salt, likewise, who is, perhaps, of 
all our novelists the., one w ho has must successfully 
depicted the humour of Scottish middle life ; as well 
as of Principal James McCosh, one of the greatest' of 
living Scotch metaphysicians ; and of Dr. A. K. II. 
Boyd, one ol the most genial and striking of contem- 
porary essayists, Nor writing in a journal like this 
ought 1 to forget the names of such excellent anti- 
quaries as Thomas Thomson ol the Register House, 
Edinburgh, long the President of the llannatyne Club, 
and editor of numerous valuable records ol the past ; 
of lames L f aterson of Ayr and Kilmarnock, whose 
antiquarian researches are both numerous ami valu- 
able ; and last but not least of Win. Cochran Patrick, 
the present Under-Secretary of State for Scotland, a 
gentleman w hose studies in numismaiology and other 
branches of archaeology have been extensive 1 and 

Ayrshire, I may add. has borne her full share in the 
higher education ol the country, and I find among her 
sons no fewer than 28 have attained a foremost place 
as scholars, professors, ami teachers. In medicine, 
loo, sin has fully kept her ground. though 
Aberdeen with a considerably largei population has 
only supplied 35 names of leaders in medical science, 
Ayrshire has yielded no fewer than 22, while ol these 
no fewer than four have been die Court physicians, 
eiiher.-f England or Russia. Among their number, 
loo, may Ire found such distinguished representatives 
of medical science as are indicated by the names of 
Sir Gilbert Blane, F. R.S., of I?rof, Janus Wilson of 
London, a distinguished anatomist, and the successor 
of the great John Hunter, as also oi Sir Douglas 
Maclagan of Edinburgh .University. 

To be honest, however. I am compelled to add 
before closing, thai in the department ol Art my native 
county, though standing fairly well in respect to the 
number of its artists, cannot be noted so high in re- 
spect to the quality of their art. It is true she has 
given several members to the Royal Scottish Academy, 
but iln; work oi none- of them rises above mediocrity, 
except perhaps the seascapes of John Wilson of Ayr, 
and the landscapes of the Rev. John Thomson of 
Duddingston. in music, too, Ayrshire has done 
nothing noteworthy except it be to have produced 
Tcmpleion,- who is generally admitted to have been, 
as a voeali t, one of the greatest tenor singers who 
have ever appe ared. 

I have thus none Over the various contributions to 

August, 1890.] 



the spiritual and material development of Scotland 
that have l>een made I))' the men of Ayrshire, and J 
hope I have successfully established my claim for that 
county to be regarded as one thai is peculiarly and 
typically Scottish ; and in establishing that claim I 
trust 1 havfe also succeeded in showing how rich' and 
powerful a nature the Scottish people inherit- And 
let me say further in closing, that the longer I cul- 
tivate this field dI research, the deeper and clearer 
grows my conviction, that among the varied nation- 
alities that go to make up the Uritish people, thru- is 
none that for vigour and variety of genius can compare 
with the Scotch; insomuch that I am inclined to 
agree with that noted English author I lorace Walpole, 
and to sav, as he did., of my countrymen, thai '' they 
Constitute the mosi accomplished nation in Europe, 
the nation to which, it any country is endowed with a 
superior portion of sense, I should be inclined to give 
the preference in that particular."' 


(Continued from page 31). 

i860. The Dundee Commercial Gazette and 
Shipping Register. Published every Wednes- 
day and Saturday morning'. Price; 20s. per 
annum, by post 29s. Payable in advance. 
Printed and published by James P. Mathevv & 
Co., Printers, at Meadow side Printing office, 
Dundee. No. 1, Wednesday, Oct. 10th, i860. 
The last, number that appeared was No. 104, 
Saturday, Oct. 5th, 186,1. 'Size 19 by 13, four 
pages. Single < opies oi the newspaper were 
sold at threepence each. This paper was wholly 
devoted to trade and shipping, No general 

1862. The Peoples Guardian, " The People— 
their Rights, Privileges, and Progress." No. 1. 
Dundee, Saturday, June 2 1 st, 1862. Price One 
Penny. Printed and published for the Propri- 
etors by liowes Brothers, Machine Printers, 4 
Reform Street, Dundee. " The People's Guard- 
ian. Published ever)' Saturday to advocate the 
Interests of the Working (.'lasses, advanced 
Liberals and the Trades in general. ' : Special 
features ol this paper were a column devoted to 
"Men of the People," and one to ** The People's 
Literary Column." Size 25^ by i<S. No; 24, 
29th November 1862, was the last number. 

1862. The Great Gun from the arsenals of 
Wit, Wisdom, Humour, and Science in general. 
Registered for extensive circulation. No. r. 
Dundee, 25th April, 1862. Price Threepence, 
size l 5 by 10, four page&. Tins was one pf the 
first newspapers printed and published in Dun- 
dee, in the interest of bazaars. The bazaar from 
which this paper originated was organised to 
raise funds to put the Dundee and liroughty 
Ferry Volunteers on a better financial footing, 

l The scheme realized the handsome sum (at that 

time) of ^800. 
1862 The Comet : a Theatrical Programme 
! and Critical Journal. Established in London 
I 1862, by N. W. Hodges. When Mr. Hodges 

came to Dundee, the Comet was printed and 
; published in Dundee, weekly, until J Line, 1884, 
j juice id. The early history and the average 
j circulation is fully described in the following 

letter, received by the publishers of ihe Down- 
' field Comet from Mr. Hodgefs, actio- manager, 
] Theatre Royal, Dundee, and afterwards of Aber- 
t cleen : — 

79 Commercial Street, 

Dundee, Sept. 28, 1881. 

j Drab Sir, It has incidentally come to my know- 

j ledge that, it is intended to publish by your nun a 

paper under the title of J'he Cornet. 
j I can, however, scarcely imagine this to be the 
I case, as publishers generally take care not to appro- 
priate a title already registered. 

I beg to inform you that I am the registered pro- 
prietor <>f the copyright title The Co/net. as well as .)f 
other papers ; and therefore., in the first instance, I 
I now give you friendly intimation ol (he fact. 

I may mention that, between the years 1862-64, ;l 
paper under the same title was commenced at St. 
I Andrews, but, on proceedings being commenced hy 
j my solicitor, the title was abandoned, an apology 
tendered and received, and costs paid. 
The average weekly circulation of 'J'he Comet in 
! Dundee amounts to some thousands, and, therefore, 
j it is a matter of importance to my interest, 
j I shall, however, be glad to learn thai J have been 
! misinformed. 

I am, yours truly, 

N. W. Hodges. 
1 [The title of our publication being The Dowri- 
| jield Comet, Mr. Hodges will sec- there is no 
j appropriation of registered title.— Ed.] 
I 1864.. The hoot Lights (Dundee Coat of Aims 
: between the w ords of the title Foot Lights). No. [. 
I Dundee, Monday, ;th Nov., 1804. Gratis. "In 
I issuing this our first number of the Foot Lights^ 
1 it may be necessary to say a few words upon the 
] object of the publication. Understanding that 
j at one time the Theatre Royal in Dundee stood 
t in great repute amongst the inhabitants of the 
' town as a source of amusement and consequent 
j resort, and although it had fallen o/f of late 
1 years, from mismanagement and want of suffi- 
I cient and proper attractions to keep up its old 
j prestige, Mr. J. II. Robb was induced to try if 
j he could not again bring the Dundee Stage to 
■ be an institution tn the town, such as it exists in 
' most of the populous cities of the kingdom," 
J The Foot Lights gives the names of the princi- 
; pal actors, Programme of Scenery and Incidents, 
1 a Theatrical Weekly Register, Notices of Plays 
I and New Music. The names of Plays, and the 

[ A i" susT) 1890. 

Prices of Seats are given in English, French, 
and German. Published by the Proprietor, J. 
II. Robb, Lessee of the Theatre Royal, Dundee, 
and printed by C. D. Chalmers, 10 Castle Street. 
Size 10 by lour pages. A part of 1 1 1 i => 

miniature paper was taken up with the critiques 
of the local press on the pieces that were pro- 
duced ill the Theatre Royal. 

1865. (SI Paul's) The Church Magazine. 
St. Paul's Church, Dundee, Diocese of Brechin. 
Printed by diaries 1). Chalmers, 10 Castle 
Street. Price Twopence. (There is a wood-cut 
of the Church on the title page). Size 8vo. Tin: 
centre part of this magazine was not printed in, only eight pages, which were devoted 
to the local affairs of the Scottish Episcopal 
Church. The information is very varied and 
useful. The first number was issued in Nov., 
1S65, immediately after the consecration of St. 
Paul's Episcopal Church. When this magazine 
was firsl suggested, Bishop Forbes not only, 
gave his sanction to the work, as the follow- 
ing letter shows, but also did much to pro- 
mote its usefulness: ''Dundee, Nov, 29th, 
1865, 1 have been asked to give my sanction to 
the general scheme of this publication, and 
esteeming thai there is room for such a work, 
and that, if abb/ and prudently conducted, it may 
be of great use, especially among the win king 
classes in the Diocese, I hereby heartily 
commend it to the members of the church. 
A. P. Forbes, D.C.L., Bishop of Brechin." 
This magazine continued to be issued monthly 
fu) fourteen year-,, the last number appearing in 
Nov.. t>v\). Amongst the continuous articles 
weie, " V >!es on the Kalendar," "The position 
and pis >speets of t he ( Episcopal) Church of Scot- 
land," "Personal Reminiscences," &c. The 
consecrations of St. Caul's, St. Salvador's, and 
many other churches are described in its pages. 

i860. Once <( Month. No. i. droughty, 
April, [866. .Gratis, size 11 % by 9, four pages. 
On a ribbon were tin.: words of the title, and in 
the centre of the a view of B rough ty Castle 
was given. The back-ground represented a 
series of shops erected by John Kidd, iron- 
monger, brook Street. At the end of these 
buildings the Bell Rock was shown on the one 
side, and at the other were two ships and a 
buoy. This was entirely an advertising medium 
devoted to the occupants of the shops represented 
in the title, and published by James P. Mathew 
vY Co., Meadowside Printing Office, Dundee. 
This publication was issued for a few months 

1867. The Brmtgkty Mercantile Advertiser. 
No. 1. Broughty Ferry, July, 1867. Printed 
and published for the proprietors by James P. 

Mathew & Co., Meadowside, Dundee, size 12 
b) to, four pages. This was a monthly publica- 
tion, and an advertising medium *ot up princi- 
pally by those having shops in (bay Street, and 
distributed gratis. The title of the second 
number had the additional words, "circulated in 
Broughty Ferry, Taypori, Monifieth, and Car- 
noustie." It was published on the- 231 d of each 
month, and Mr. R. M. Paterson, Gray Street, 
Broughty Ferry, was agent. The additional 
matter in the succeeding numbers was a Time 
Table of the Railway Trams for the month, and 
postal information. Only a few numbers were 
: issued. 

i863. The Angus Magazine of Literature 
Politics, and Art. Registered for transmission 
abroad. Dundee: A. Middleton, 12 High 
, Street, No. J. September, 1808. A part con- 
sisted of 64 pages, 8 pages of advertisements, 
and blue paper covers, and was pubh died on the 
10th of each month. Printed by James P. 
: Mathew & Co., Meadowside, Dundee-. Size 8vo, 
price sixpence. No. 7, March [Oth, 1869, 
• was the last number issued. "The preface to 
a book, though the first thing to be read, if read 
' at all, is usually the last to be written, but in the 
i case of a serial that convenient arrangement can 
1 hardly apply, for the writing and reading must 
both begin at the beginning. A graceful bow, 
. however, is often a better introduction to a new 
acquaintance than a stammering speech." This 
magazine was illustrated with wood-cuts, includ- 
! ing portraits of candidates for Parliamentary 
elections, old and new buildings, plans of 
; improvements proposed and carried out in 
Dundee. The press, in speaking of the eerial 
says:— "The get-up of the magazine is highly 
creditable: paper, type, and printing are all 
good. Projected to supply a literary medium 
: of a local character while presenting most of the 
i features of the. metropolitan monthlies, its object 
' is to discuss freely, with no restraints on its 
; contributions, within the limits of fair and 
courteous discussion, all topics of general or 
j local interest, in Literature, Politics, and the 
! Arts."' "While it aims to be a sort of literary 
! guardian and censor of Dundee, local in many 
j respects, provincial in none, it is also a medium 
! of a great deal of highly respectable literary 
matter," The Dundee Advertiser, speaking of 
j the second number, says:— "It is a decided im- 
; provement on No. 1. There is the beginning of 
a lively story, semi legal, .semi-medical in its 
incidents, followed by an article of great merit 
on 'Musical Education.' Then we have a 
light sparkling paper on * Love and Marriage.' 
'Municipal Government' is the subject of a 
brief but vigorous paper. The short notices of 
the Candidates for Dundee are illustrated by 

August 1890.] 



very fair photograph portraits of the four gentle- 

i860. The People's Friend. A monthly ma- 
gazine in connection with the People's Journal. 
Size 13 by i o in. No. r. Registered for trans- 
mission abroad. Dundee, Wed., [an. 1 5, [869. 
Price one penny. Printed and published by John 
Leng, residing at Wellgate House, Newport, in 
the count)' of Fife, at the office, Hank Street, 
Dundee. Ai the commencement of the second 
volume the publication was changed from a 
monthly to a weekly, the title being The People's 
Friend; a Weekly Miscellany or Popular and 
Instructive Literature, No. r, Vol. I., New 
Series. Wednesday, (an. 5, 1870. Price one 
penny. Size 13 by 9 in. 16 pages. The origin 

of the People's Friend w is thus described : 

"The extraordinary success rif the Christmas 
number of the People's fournal—-wt do not 
allude to its circulation, although that Car ex- 
ceeded oui' anticipation, being upwards of 90,000 
copies, but 10 its literary success, the great and 
acknowledged excellence of its c 
decided us in venturing upon an e 
have contemplated for some years, 
to make the People's Friend ven 

ontents - 

>t da) 
le eij. 


Our idea is 
much what 
dl was in its first, and, as we 
s. We shall set aside five or 
;lit pages for articles, stories, 
■n by the People themselves, 
cipal reasons which induced us 
miscellany was that it might 
ital in leading working men to 
. in theii leisure moments to the 
a'ture, ami mental improvement, 
n outlet for the superabundant 
:ontributecl to the- Journal" It 
monthly to the clo^e of the year 
ondticted during that period.. by 
tafT of the People's Journal. At 
the following year— viz., 1870 — 
a weekly periodical, Mi. David 
Pae being appointed editor, and Mr. Andrew 
Stewart sub-editor. By this time it was clear 
that the great and widespread interest which the 
I the surprising amount 
it elicited, showed that 
ihment of a regular and 
foi 1 h a wide manifesta- 
at was lying dormant. 

think, its \> 
six out of 
and verse- 
One of the 
to project 
prove mstrume 
devote attcutioi 

put suit-, of bilei 
also to suppl) ; 
literary matter 
continued as a 
1869, and w as < 
the editor and s 
the beginning oi 
it was issued as 

Friend had excited, an* 
of literary talent which 
it wanted but the: establi 
suitable medium to call 
tion of mental power tl 

and to provide literary entertainment w inch the 
masses of the people would welcome with avi- 
dity. The Editor, among other things, says : 
" We have a great desire to foster and encourage 
the literary talent which we know exists among 
the people, and all manuscripts of Stories. Es- 
says, and other .Literary Articles which are ac- 
cepted for publication will be paid for it a fixed 
rate, so that the writers may be remun ;r ited for 

their trouble, as well as have the pleasure of see- 
ing their manuscripts in type." On the death of 
Mr. Pae, 15th May, i88j, Mr. Andrew Stewart 
succeeded to the editorship, Mr. J ames \\ hitelaw 
( being appointed sub-editor. Mr. Whitclaw died 
j in April, 1886, and was succeeded by Mr. Alex- 
I ander W. Peters. The People's Friend has been 
J the means of bringing many novelists and poets 
j into public notice. Some of the earliest novels 
by Annie S. Swan were published in its pages, 
I and it was to this magazine that Alexander 
Anderson ("Surfaceman"), the well known 
Scottish poet, contributed some of the finest 
of his nursery poems, amongst which were 
"Cuddle Doon" "Jenny wf the iron teeth," 
&C; Mr. Stewart has been connected with the 
hyiend in a literary capacity since its start in 
18C19, and has contributed a number of popular 
novels and stories to its pages, including "One 
False Step," "The Heir of.Gryife," &c. 

1869. Select ions from Manuscript Magazine 
of /lie Wallacetown Literary Society^ Dundee. 
Printed by Bowes Brothers, High Street, Dun- 
dee. This Society was started in 1867 under the 
presidency of the Rev. J. L. Adamson, pastor of 
Wallacetown Parish Church. Jt was carried on 
in connection with the church for ten years, 
when it was given up lor a short time, and in 
1S78 it was resuscitated by a few of the ex- 
members as an independent Society. The 
Manuscript Magazine was only continued for a 
brief period, and contained es.^a\s on literature 
and philosophical subjects. 

1870. Pelloids Dundee Calendar and Angus- 
shire Almanack, Illustrated. Printed by John 
Pellow, printer, to Murray gate, and latterly at 
Campbell's Close, 7(1 High Street. Price Three 
halfpence, afterwards reduced to one penny. 
Size 7 % by 5 in. Mr. Pellow in this publication 
gives a very comprehensive account oi municipal 
affairs, Justices of the Peace, Postal Arrange- 
ments, Mortifications and Bursaries, and short 
anecdotes of the early history of Dundee. The 
first number was published in the beginning of 
1870, and has been continued annually until the 
present time. The centre part lias been printed 
elsewhere. About twenty pages are devoted to 
local matters and advertisements. 

1871. A'or/ie's Dundee Annual for 1870: a 
handy reference book of local history. Dundee : 
published by W. Nome, i Thorter Row, 1871. 
At page ?.[) a local ehroniele describes the events 
and incidents of the year in chronological form, 
and the local records are afterwards given in 
paragraphs alphabetically arranged. It con- 
sists of 1 16 pages, with 24 pages of advertise- 
ments. Printed by Mr. Norrie. Size, post 8vo. 

Alexander C. Lamb. 

( To be continued. ) 



I have purposely commenced these scraps of 
Aberdeenshire Folk- Lore, known to the young of 
some sixty years ago, being convinced that much j 
of this kind of lore is being fit si swept away, and 
what still remains known only to a few. The 
popular nursery rhymes, and harmless supersti- 
lions, which used to he known to the young in i 
bygane times, had a considerable influence in 
moulding the character for life. Grosser forms ! 
of superstition had passed away, and the simple j 
stories known about elfin land and brownies 
only helped to cultivate the imaginative powers, 
and became fixed in the memory. 

The value of such impressions may be com- j 
pared bj contrast with that of the penny dread- 
fuls of the present day, a kind of literature the 
quality ol which is too well known. 

Sixty years ago such productions were un- 
known, ami although some of the Chap-books 
were not altogether unobjectionable, the greater 
portion of those patronised by the young were I 
health)', and the nursery stories given by mothers j 
or aged friends had a charm of their own ; and 
although often repeated, were always attentively j 
listened to. Some of the best kind of these old- j 
world stoiies have been collected. The VVifie 
and her Kid, which is still known to some, is, I 
think, to he found in Brand 1 s Antiquities. 
Another nursery story which I have retained 
through life, conveys a good moral lesson. 1 | 
have never seen it in print, hut it is, 1 should 
Say, worthy Ol that honour, if not already con- 
ferred. 1 have given it as it used to he repeated j 
by mothers to young ones resting on then" knees 
before the peat-iire on winter evenings, when 
the lang foreriitfiis required something to amuse 
the bairns. 

The Wee Wifie and her Coggie. 
There wiz a wee wifie wha dwalt at the fit o' 
a hill. She had hit ae coggie, an' she washed it 
clean, clean, an' set ii oui on the dyke to dry ; 
an' whan the wine gaed in tae 'er liQOsie the 
coggie jumpit doon atTthe dyke, an' gaed loupin 3 

O'er bills .uid o'er hapocks, 
O'er ( Minis and o'er knapocks, 
till it cam' to a wee mannie diggin' gowd. 

" Fair fa' ycr hoonie face," said the wee man- 
nie, " whaur come ye frae ?" 

" 1 come frae the wee wilie at the fit o' the 
hill ; she washed me clean an' set me oot to dry." 

" W'eel," said the mannie, "gin ye wad gang 
to the fit i ' : the far' awa 1 hill, and bring me frae 
the bonnie spring there a drink o' pure spring 
water, ye sail hae yer reward.'' 

>' AND QLERIEs [August, 1890. 

Syne the coggie gaed loupin' awa' again 
( )'er hills 'and o'e* hapocks, 
O'er cairns and o'er knapockfi, 

till it cam' to the bonny spring at die fit 0' the 
far awa' hill. There it dipped in three times, 
an' cam'' tip lipperin' fu', syne again to the 
mannie diggin' gowd. 

" Ma blessin' on ye," said the mannie, "ye're 
a guid servator, an' ha'enaset aff on yet errand. 
Ye sail hae yer reward. An' he took the coggie 
up an' drank it toom, an' syne tilled it we twa 
goupens o' gowd, saying, "that's for tlie wee 
wilie that washed ye clean. Haste ye haine 
afore the nicht fa', an' gi'e her ma thanks." 

An' the coggie set aff hame; 

O'er hills an o'er hapocks, 
O'er cairns and o'er knapocks, 

till it got back to the wee hoosie at the (it o' the 
hill, and syne jumped up on the dyke. An' 
whan the wilie cam' (tot to tab in her coggie 
she gat it fu' o' gowd, an' never mair kent want 
a. . lang as she lived. 

] have listened to other stories built up in the 
same style as the above, hut none of them have 
been impressed on my memory so strongly as 
the above. 

Jin ': mile R/i yjnes, 

Many of the old rhymes which used to be well 
known to the younger class of schoolboys, like 
the old stories, are now mostly forgotten. Some 
of them had been learnt m childhood, and others 
seem to have been their own composition. 
Others were snatches of old ballads, arid not a 
few given in the form of puzzles and riddles. 

One of the first which 1 can remember being 
sung by bows on the street on summer evenings 
took the following form r— 

The moon shine.-, brieht, an' the stars gi'e licht, 

As hriclit as simmer day ; 
An' lazy loons they lie in their beds 
An' winna come ool and play. 
Come awa' oot an' play ! 
Come ool-, come uot, an' plav! 

Another well known one, which likewise in- 
troduces the moon and stars, was often given. 
The moon shines brieht an' die stars gi'e licht, 
But ye ihuirna kiss a bonnie lass at ten o'clock at 
nicht ! 

Hoys used 10 look forward for the feast of 
Shrove Tuesday or Eastern's Even with favour- 
able remembrances of tasty sauty bannocks and 
casttn 1 & the eggs for fortune-telling", and were 
always ready to give information of the ap- 
proaching festival- 
Firs?! comes (. an< Hem as an' then die new meen ; 
That meen utn and anither half-deen, 
The firs! Tuesday aifter that is Fastern's E'en. 

August, 1890. 



Hallowe'en and Martinmas clays were equally I I will first give some sayings connected with the 

well chronicled- 

This is Hallowe'en, the morn's I lallowday, 
Nine niches to Martinmas will soon wear away 

\ local woollen trade, and with local characters. 
I " CreesMe" was the name given to boys and 
girls who worked in the carding and spinning 
departments, and were either "feeders" or 
I " piecera." The piecers attended to the Billy^ 
land "pieced" or mended the ''rowans" or 
>{ rhymes i roving s as they were drawn in by the slubber. 

I When the supply of rowans got short the piecers 
[called out:— -''No a rowan, stop- no a draw, 
Stop. No a rowan, stop no a draw, stop " — 
' until the slubber stopped the Hilly, and cither 
1 sal down in a corner, or went out until the row- 
j ans gathered in sufficient quantity to enable 
\ him to resume work apain. II' he went out, 
which he frequently did, the opportunity would 
Rhymes, complimentary and otherwise, were 1 be taken of reading or telling stories, and pro 

. • 1 1 — 11 , .1.... r j:. .... ....... " ... . a .: 

mmas w ii 

Drostan fair o' Auld 1 )eer, 
The sin. i lest day o' a' the year, 

They had also their own version 
about the weather, sued) as — 

Scuddiu' clouds, like meers 1 tails, 
Gar lofty .ships tak' in their sails. 

S rial lie, snailie, tak' in yer horn, 
.An' inak' a bonny day the morn. 

The even in' red, the mornin' grey. 
Is a sine sign o' a bonny day. 

often given by schoolboys as descriptive of the 
"maisterV peculiarities. .My own and first wor 
thy instructor did not escape. The following h 

• tia mg guesses, or riddles. Sometimes also 
y would hi laid to give some one a 


) prou 

:tion as I first heard it 

years ago :— 

hum Smith's a very go 
Teaches scholars noo a 
An' whan ha's -lone he 
Up to London doon to 

The idea of a Scotc h scl 


ns/o oemi 


:njoy himse 

Ureeshie bite, which consisted oi a bit of wool 
given many I dipt in od, or tar, or worse. This was slipped 
I or forced into the mouth of the victim, who, 
when goaded to anger by the jeers and laughter 
of the operators, would strike out, and man)' a' nose, and black eye, resulted from the 
administration of the " Creeshie bite.'' 
aster of sixty j The appellation " Creeshie" was sometimes 

il man, 
than ; 
ak'ss a dan. 

way during the holidays is hardly a possible de- i 
scription of the real condition of things then 

lis j used reproachfully, and the following doggerel 
[lave been heard bawled out in the street 

At the tune of tl 

iurke and Hare ti ial in 

Edinburgh, for atrocious murders committed for 
the purpose of disposal- of the bodies to the 
doi'toi ., who ii'wd tii, in a - subjects to illustrate 
their lectures on anatomy, the following lines 
were composed by some schoolboy, and soon 
became known all over the country : 

Burke an' Hare, they were a pair, 

K tiled a w ife an' didna care. 

Then they pal her in a ; iox 

An' sent iier all' to Dr. Knox. 


Adopting " Mormon d's" suggestion 1 have put 

Creeshie beagle, latie thief, 
}• i air-ail tw enty aim te( t h, 
Vin to ca\ an' yin to giro, 
An : yin to ca' the creeshie piin. 

\\ hat all this meant, ;i it evei had an\ meaning, 
; it w ould b<- difficult now to say. 
| W hen a young lad went to learn the weaving 
! trade, he would be gravely told that lie could 
| never be a complete weaver until he had learned 
' the weavers' word/' which ran thus : — 

It er want to come good Speed 
Keep eer temples near the reed ; 
1 1' ee w ant to niak' a wuimin. 
Keep the shuttle constant runnin'; 

By and bye, if he got a web of tender yarn, 
which broke much, the advice would be given 
him- - 

( "a canny, an' tread licht, 
\n" dinnn set up ower ticht . 

together some old sayings, rhymes, &c, which 
still live in my memory, relating to Galashiels | 
and Selkirk, .My recollections go back over 
fifty years,, to a time w hen handloom weaving Both these generalizations, from the experience 
was universal, and w hen weavers went about of generations of weavers, will be recognised to 
with their aprons on, and broad Kilmarnock or have considerable value to a young weaver; 
Tarn O'Shariter bonnets, or mayhap woollen I much more so than the following, which I once 
pirnieb for head gear ; w ith moleskin or cordu- , heard an old weaver say- 

roy for working clothing, instead of the now 1 rf ycr wal/s nwef hardj Waw w4ief m > t aBC ] j t » n 
everyday " 1 weed,'' a name then quite unknown i saffen't. 

as applied to cloth. j If y e r wab's owu saft, blaw water (art and it'll 

Without attempting any definite classification , teuchin't. 

[August, 1890. 

Water, apparently, was his grand specific for all 
the ills that yarn is heir to. 

Like the Creeshie, the Weaver was often sub- 
jected to a good deal of uncomplimentary re- 
marks, and epithets, as — " Yellow-warned wea- 
ver," "creeshie weaver," " hungry weaver," were 
freely applied to him. A lazy weaver was called 
" Cule the lume," and the measure of his lazi- 
ness — " Twae ell a day, <>' a twal twae." 

Young women aspiring to matrimony were 
pictured as shrinking from a weaver and crying 
out — 

O mother, anybody., anybody, anybody, 
O mother, anybody but a creeshie weaver. 

Boys and girls, mayhap some of them embryo 
weavers, and weavers' wives, in the childish 
game of choosing a trade, expressed the general 
contempt for weavers by declaring- 

Aw waclna be a weaver be any, O, 

Aw waclna be a weaver be ony, ( >, 

For lie sits an hegirns, an' ca s the creeshie pirn, 

Aw wadna be a weaver be ony, U. 

Or variously on the third line — 

For he sits on bis lume, an' he girns at the mune, 
An aw wad na, &Ci 

At the Annua! Michaelmas Holiday the wea- 
vers carried a flag with the motto—" Weave 
Truth with Trust." The dyers had also (and 
have yet) a flag with the motto— "We dye to 
live, and live to dye." 

Galashiels Herons — Selkirk Craws. — Terms, 
of what, in the language of Robert Chambers, 
mav be called popular reproach, were and still 
are bandied about between Galashiels and Sel- 
kirk boys. ( ialashiels boys, particularly if many 
together, going to Selkirk, are hardly likely to 
get out again without being assailed with cries 
of " Heron, Moron," developing into— 

I [eron, heron, bide eei bead, 

The Selkirk craws will pike ee dead. 

Or otherwise - 

The caws are cumin' to bury ee dead. 
Also, in keenly militant tones — 

The Galashiels 1 herons, lockit in a box, 
Datirna show their be. ids for the Selkirk game 

Selkirk boys going to (Ialashiels .are met with 
cries of " (daw, cravy," and, in mockery of the 
Selkirk dialect- -" Yow an' miee [me] gaed ower 
the dyke to pow a piee." Happily, it is rare 
that anything worse than these taunts occui be- 
tween them. 

" Pit pay at Gala Brig hair* was a common 
saying. "Gala Brig Fair," like the Greek Ka- 
lends, was an event nobody ever expected to 
happen, and was used as a convenient phrase 

by persons who either could not, or would not, 
pay a debt, or fulfil a promise, but who, if craved 
for debt, "i reminded of a promise, would reply, 
" (), I 11 pay you at Gala Brig Fair" ; just as an 
ancient Roman, in like circumstances, would 
have said, '• 0, I'll pay you at rjie Greek Ka- 

" Dangerous to be nigh^ like Jamie Cherry s 
Cabbage"- [amie Cherry was an Irishman who 
hawked cabbages and other vegetables. One 
day a person met him widi his barrow, and, in 
allusion to the appearance of some of his cab- 
bages, remarked - "Jamie, eer cabbages are 
shooting." Jamie wittily replied " Well, if they 
are shooting, they are dangerous t<>bc nigh." 

" Nat man at a\ tike Jock Dobie's WifcP — 
Jock Dobie wasadrainer, his wife usually work- 
ing along with him. He had a considerable 
thirst for whisky, and when, on pay day, bis wife, 
who appears to have held the purse-strings very 
tight, would not allow him as much as he de- 
sired, he would declare that " .She was nae man 
at a'." Both of these phrases, when the oc< asion 
served, were frequently spoken. 

'"W'hac made ye f n — -Boys with a deformity 
were not infrequently spoken at in some such 
way as this : If met mi the street by other boys, 
one would say- " Whae made ee?" and another 
would answer — *' Ma mither shaped iz, an' ma 
faither shood iz, an' Jamie Hutton pat a gleed 
e'e [or other deformity] in iz." 

" Ritchie Robison."— It is said thai the line in 
Kathleen Mavourneen — " The horn of the hunter 
is heard on the hill'' was written to confound 
the Cockneys. A somewhat similar test was 
put to boys w ith a " burr," by being asked to 
repeat — 

Ritchie, Ritchie Rohison, 
Aw 'U stab ye to the heart 
Wi' an auld roosted razor, 
Rotten i' the heft. 

" Shut u/). y ' It was ho uncommon thing to 

hear two or three boys on the street crying' out 
in alternate lines — 

Shut up, button eer lip, 
Cork eer e'e w i' a junipei pip. 

Jamie Haig, a ( ialashiels lad, had gone a mis- 
chief-making one Sunday, and a local rhymster 
put the incident into the- following shape — 

Oh, Jamie Haig, the wandering vaig, 

To Ellwand be did stray. 
Ami killed a duik, and steal'd a spade, 

Upon a Sabbath day. 

This stuck to Jamie (now dead in America), 
and was recited at the Galashiels Gutterbluid 
supper a few years ago. 


August, 1890.] 



Bibliography of Montrose Periodical 
Literature (Vol. III., p. 5). — The correct title 

of this work was- The Literary Mirror, reflect- 
ing the Beauties of Eminent Authors, in a Series 
of Selections and Extracts, Morale Humourous, 
Sentimental, Descriptive, : &*c.\ e>v., with vari- 
ous Originals. "Innumerable quantities of 
books are made ; it is our business to collect 
the scattered and valuable parts. Montrose : 
printed by J. Watt. iSio." This work appears 
to have been issued in parts, as in page 144 it is 
stated, " We have been favoured with several 
original and scarce pieces, which shall severally 
appear. Communications are requested to be 
sent as early in the fortnight as possible, that 
they may gain insertion in the current number. 
, . . . The great and increasing demand for the 
Literary Minor is a flattering proof of the esti- 
mation in which it is held by the public, and 
peculiarly gratifying to the Editor, w ho will evei 
be careful to render it worthy of such distin- 
guished and liberal patronage." 

Fern lea, Montrose. J. G. Low. 

Alexander Geddes. in June No. (p. 19) 
the personality of Alexander Geckles is much 
discussed. In a rather Curious volume, which I 
bought at Dr. Glennie's .->ale, and which had 
obviously belonged to his relative [nines Beattie, 
one of five different portions of it is by an Alex- 
ander Geckles, presumably the person referred 
to. It is a 4 to of 124 pp., entitled Select Satires 
of Horace, London, 1779, ami is dedicated to 
IV. Beattie in lines beginning — 

The other contents ot the volume are — 

ist. Mayley. — Triumphs of Temper. London, 

178 1 . Autographs of beattie and Glennie. 
2nd. Column. —Art of Poetry from lb/race, 1 7S j. 

Autographs of the Author and Beattie. 
3rd. Potter.— "-inquiry Johnson's Lives of the boots, 

1783, with line Plate Portrait of Gray. 
4th.— Sketches of the Lives of Boyd, Barclay, Ha- 
milton and Leslie, by Lord Uailes. "From the 
Author to J . beattie." 
I may state that I have also a copy of the old 
book mentioned in your July number on Eccle- 
siastical Historic, 'Translated by Mferedith] 
H[anmer]. Imprinted at London by Thomas 
Vantroullier, dwelling in the Blackfriars. 1576. 
4to, black letter, with autograph of Thomas 
Leslie of lialquhane. 

Old Aberdeen. John VALENTINE. 

Epitaph on James Seton ok Pitmedden 
(Vol. L, page 70). — Tumulus Jacobi Setoni Pit- 
meddeni quern tegit hie cespes fustu Setonus 
honoras Divitias' luxu posse care re docet [Se- 
ton, whom this turf covers, teaches that honour 
can exist without happiness, riches with >ut en- 

joyment. ] Not a very complimentary rendei ing, 
and epitaph.:, are generally complimentary. We 
do not need to Strain the Latin to make it so 
in this instance : • Houours ear exist without 
haughtiness : riches 10 i thou t ostentation. 

Castlegait, Montrose. J. CAMERON. 

Archibald Robertson, Miniature i\\in t - 

J Thk. - It may interest readers of S.JV.&'Q. and 
others w ho are concerned with local celebrities, 
to know that in the contents of the May number 
of The Century Magazine the premier place is 
occupied by an illustrated article on the career 
and character of this eminent artist. based 
upon original manuscripts in the possession of 
Robertson's youngest and only surviving son, 
the .article has much that is valuable and inte- 
resting to tell of the early surroundings of Ro- 
bertson in Monymusk, the place of his birth, 
and in Aberdeen, where he was brought up and 
educated ; of the romantic circumstances which 
led to his migration to the United States ; and 
of the influential position whi< h he attained 
there as a teacher and practiser of tin; fine arts. 

I In view of the fresh and authentic information 
thus supplied, one can readily overlook in the 
article such trivial slips m regard to local names 
as " Clokh-na-Bain," and " Ben-ak-hise." 

A. W. Robertson. 

A French Invasion Eighty-seven Years 
AGO.— -The following song was popular in 1812. 
j It was recited to me by Mr. A. Kenned), aged 
eighty-seven :-— 

" Now, [ohnny, remove at my bidding 
Li.-e up an' lal bony come ben ; 
I've lang had an e'e to yonr haddin', 
An' lain wid I ca' it my ain — 

" Lor I'm sendin 1 some billies to Britain 
That canna he friclltit \si' words, 
Sic chiels that will set ye a' sweatin' 
To see but a glance o' their swards. 

44 Yer line wooden walls thai ye boast o', 

They'll soon blaw them up to the moon ; 
An' a' yer line camps o' the coast o', 
They'll rin like a foaly in June. 

" I'll gie Lunnon town o 1 the river, 

Wham a' yer rich swank ies do dwell, 
To Frenchmen for ever and ever, 
An' dwall at St. James's myselV 

" Fat sorrow's the maiter now, bony? 
As .-aire's I'm a sinner ye're fou. 
Do you mean to play tricks upo' Johnny 
Whaun fohnny's nae fashin' wi" you? 

" Divide Lunnon toon by the cavil ? 
A desperate attempt, 1 confess, 
An' dual! ai St. James's, ye havril, 
W hat consummate nonsense is this? 


[August, 1890. 

" Von filthy muck-creels thai ye're makin', 
Wilh which ye intend to invade, 
I wouldna think muckle o' takin' 
As mony's oor Channel wad hand. 

" I've some gleg-sichted lads hear my banners, 
Tho' anc warns the sicht o' an ee : 
An' [lie hul, he's so scant o' guid mainers, 
He'll hardly lal be for lat be. 

" lie's lang been a plague t<» your nation— 
Ye'll rniii' o' the body yoursel', 
VVere't only for that cursed thrashin' 
Ye gat at the mouth o' the Nile. 

The troops that are watchin J my border 
Ye'll see them as sune's ye come o'er, 

Tin; bare-hippil lads, there in order — 
But doubtless ye've seen them afore. 

" Tie- Rlack Forty*twa, yer auld neepers, 
They'rO waitin' ye just by the way ; 
Au : the Marquis o' Huntly's Lochabers, 
An' mony a thoosan' foi by." 

J. D. 

This Authorship ok Roy's Wife of AL- 
DIVALLOCH. In Chambers' Songs of Scotland 
prior to Burns^ in similar terms to that in His- 
toric Scenes in A berdeenshire, by Mr. Bulloch, 1 
it i.-, narrated that a portrait of Mrs. Grant, re- 
presenting Inn- as a handsome middle-aged lady 
in a beautiful dress of the last century, was 
brought forward in the remarkable museum of 
local antiquities, and other objects of interest, 
which graced the meeting of the British Associ- 
ation at Aberdeen in 1^59. And we are further 
Informed, it is one of the cases where a kind ol 

ilaunu t.dll . ha - In en achieved bv the writing ol 

one .mu • essful song, i"i no other composition ol 
Mis. Cirant's has ever come before the world. 
It is also one. of those cases where a person ot 
refinement has taken up and successfully puri- 
fied an old vulgar song, it appears that there 
was a real Roy of Aldivalloch. On the 21st 
February, [727, John Roy, lawful son toThomas 
Roy in Aldivalloch, was married to Isabel, 
* daughfer .of Alister Stewart, sometime resident 

in Cabrach, Highlands of Aberdeenshire.- It 
is to be feared that the marriage was not a 
fitting or a happy one, lor Mi-. Peter Buchan 
has preserved a homely ballad, from which it 
can bo gathered that Roy was an old man, and 
that Tibbie, on one occasion, was induced to 
leave hei husband's house with a certain Davie 
Cordon, in Kirktown, but was pursued by Roy 

1 li is a matter of regret that Historic Scents should so long 
remain fugitive newspaper literature. Let us hope thai Mr, 
Bulloch will bring the Scene.-; up to date, and give them to 
Scotsmen all over the world. 

- Robert Carrut hers, in Inverness Courier. The Banffshire 
Journal, in January, "1860, recorded the death oi Margaret Roy, 
aged 7.!, at Aldivalloch, in the Cabrach, Banffshire, the last 
escendam of the Roys of Aldivalloch. 

and brought back, after an escape over the braes 

of Balloch. 

Silly body, Aldivalloch, 

1'nir body, Aldivalloch, 

lie losj his hose and baith hi* shoon 

Coming through the braes of Balloch. 1 

On the basis of this rough, rustic ditty, Mrs. 
Grant of Elchies produced the canzonet of dis- 
appointed love lane for the hundredth time 
printed. Mrs. Grant was born a) Aberlour, on 

j Speyside, Banffshire, about 1745, and married 
in succession, her cousin, Mr. Grant of Carron, 
near Elchies, and a Dr. Murray, Physician in 
Hath, where she died about 1 8 14. 1 think 1 

i.have given facts and circumstances connected 
with the authorship of this dese rvedly popular 
ballad, which does not seem to have come under 
Mr. Nicol's notice, and in further elucidation of 

j this subject, that I think they should be known 

! through the medium of .S". N. O. 

• William Thomson. 

; 7 Madeira Place, Leith. 

j "Roy's Wife of Aldivalloch."— The at- 
tention which has been directed (p. [6) to the 
t authorship of this ballad has induced me to send 
j you the subjoined extract from The Tourist's 
I Guide up His Valley of the 7iy(by the late Rev. 
Allan Sinclair, V. C. Manse, Ken more), refer- 
ring, as it does, not so much to the authorship, 
i as to the locus of Aldivalloch, which is claimed 
I to be neai Kenmore, possibly a fact not gener- 
ally known. The Guide was published in 1882, 
j and is, 1 believe, out of print. 

Kenmore. J. (J. 

" Here [Tay mouth Sawmill, near Kenmore,] stood 
the village of Alt-a-Imealjaich, the Aldava)|och of the 
well known song "I 1 Roy's Wife.' The old inn is 
still standing, though an inn no longer. It has lately 
been repaired by the Earl of Breadalbane, and can 

be seen bj tourists Roy of the popular »ong 

was, according to local tradition, tenant of the Inn of 
Aldavalloch. Dr.. William Chambers, in his Songs of 
Scotland before Bums, says the Aldavalloch of Mrs. 
Grant's lyric is in the Highlands of Aberdeenshire. 
Bui local tradition says that Roy was village innkeeper 
here. In a note the writer received from a corres- 
pondent, he says, ' In reply to your note anent the 
old song of " Roy's Wife of Aldavalloch," I distinctly 
remembei my father and grandfather, when I was a 
boy, talk of it.-> being a Gaelic song, referring to a 
John Roy about Taymouth, whose very handsome 
wife had jilted the author of the song.' As the infor- 
mation ol our correspondent's father and grandfather 
goes back considerably into the last century, they 
could scarcely be mistaken about n loc al event at that 

:; The entire ballad i.-< presented in MackayS; Book of Scottish 
Songs, page 65. The Banffshire /ourn of, recording the death 
of Margaret Roy, states thai an old lady, who died in the Cab- 
each some years ago, recollected the Roy of the ballad, which 
she said was the composition of a shoemakei residing in the 
neighbourhood of Aldivalloch. 

August, 1890.] 



time well known. The melody is undoubtedly Gaelic. 
It appears, I torn the Gaelic version of the song, the 
disappointed lover was a drover from the North, who, j 
in the course of professional tours, was captivated by | 
a young girl residing at Braes of Taymouth — Braes of 
BallocH — who engaged to marry him. On his return 
to claim her as his bride, he found, to his disappoint- 
ment, she, in the interval, had become the wife of 
John Roy, the Aldavalloch innkeeper. 

[Here follows verses of the G-aelic song, with the 
literal translation.] 
Mrs. Grant, the authoress of the English version of 
this son^, do..s not appear to have composed any other 
lyric, which semis in favour of the allegation, that her 
verses are only a free rendering of the original Gaelic 

We arc pleased to give currency to the in- 
formation conveyed in the following paragraph ; 
it is a step in the right direction. — En. 

Formation ok a Chapter ok Scornsu 
Heralds. — A meeting of the Heralds and Pur- 
suivants was held on the invitation ol the Lyon-King- 
of-Arms in the Lyon Office, on Monday, 14th July. 
Mr. Balfour Paul (Lyon) presided, and slated that it 
was his intention to have, with the approval and 
co-operation of the Heralds, stated meetings at which 
heraldic, genealogical, and historical questions might 
be discussed. Such meetings would, in his view, 
not only maintain the efficiency of the staff, hut would 
bring the general body of Heralds more into touch 
with the Lyon Office titan they had hitherto had an 
opportunity ol heing. Il was there, titer unanimously 
agreed, thai the Heralds and Pursuivants should form 
themselves into a Chapter, to meet at least twice in 
the year, and ai which papers might be read hearing 
on the subjects connected with their professional 
work. These meetings might be expected to prove 
both of interest and use to those attending them, and 
encouragement would thereby be given to a systematic 
and scientific study, ol Heraldry, a science which is 
not the least important auxiliary to the proper under- 
standing of history. 

suited several calendars on the subject, but cannot 
trace it in any form. Perhaps some reader may aay 
how it too'u its origin. 

Dunfermline. Paul Prv. 

447. Families of Bulloch, Stoko, Glen and 

BAILLLE. — Information is wanted concerning : — 

1. Rev. lames Bulloph, who was in South Caro- 
lina in 1720. He was educated in Scotland, 

2. Rev. Archibald Stobo ; went to Darien (Darien 
Scheme), and was left in Carolina. 

3. Dr. fohn Irvine, of Scotland ; said to he the son 
of Charles Irvine and his w ife Luphemia Douglas. 

4. families of Glen and Baillie, who emigrated to 
Georgia in 1734, or thereabouts. 

Members of these families held high civil and 
military offices in the United States. 

Joseph Gaston Bulloch, M.D. 
S a v a n nab , ( i eo rgia. 

448. MacGreoor Family.— 

readers of .V. .V. (J. give me a 
John MacGregor, sometime Cap-Is 
foment, who retired and was In 

p. iS. line 15 of Answers, }\ 

Errata.— IV. 
1736 read 1 J7°- 

Page 39, 2nd col,, 10th line from foot', for Traces 
read Races. 


445. EGGE.R MEAL.— In S. N. .6° Q. for March, 
18S9, "Meslin" was described in a very instructive 
way. Perhaps some correspondent would inform us 
what is meant by " Kgger Meal." 

Stirling. St. Nicholas. 

446. u BlacK' Monday." — Fifty years ago I heard 
the expression "Black Monday "used. I have con- 

Can any of the 

in the Rc- 
about Inverness 
in 1787? I want particularly to tin ! out what family 
he belonged to, and whether he left a family. 

(2) I shall also he obliged lor any information re- 
garding Alexander MacCregor, sometime of the In- 
verness Academy. During what time was he there, 
and what position did he hold, and where did he- 
come from ? 

Edinburgh. J. MeG. 

449. Aberdeen Grammar. School Medals. — 
What are the' dates of the Grammar School Medals - 
George Mackenzie and Joannes Bannerman ? 

J. A., Cho. 

450. St. OkCA. — Can any of the early saints' names 
be identified with the affix " Urcha," " Orca," or 
"Orcis?" What name in the Calendars would hear, 
the nearest likeness ? 

Fernlea, Montrose. ). G. Low. 

451. George Gledstane, Minister of St. 
ANDREWS. — Can any one give the year when that 
cleric joined St. Andrews? What was his previous- 
charge? Information prior to his removal to St. 
Andrews solicited. 

Fernlea, Montrose. James G. Low. 

452. Monumental Brasses. — I see it stated in a 
recent book that the only specimen of a Monumental 
brass in Scotland is in Glasgow Cathedral. Is this 
true? and if not, can any one give a complete list 
of the names oi those to whom such Brasses are 
erected? J. Calder Ross. 

453. "Tihbie Fowler <>k the Glen." — The 

heroine of the well known song so named, as well as 
the famous " Roy's Wife of Aldivalloch," are said to 
have lived on the' braes of Auchindown. Can any of 
your Banffshire correspondents say what is known of 
the assumed heroines of either of these songs? Is 
the author of the song " Tibbie Fowler of the Glen" 
known? W. B. R. W. 


[August, 1890. 

454. Dr. Gregory Sharp,— I have seen this 
person classed among Banffshire celebrities. What is 
known about him? The only allusion I have seen to 
his history is as follows : — lie was educated at 
Marischal College, and is described as being dis- 
tinguished along with, Burnet, Fordyce and Blackwell. 

W. B. R. W. 

455. Auerdern Professors in 1567.— Can .-my 
of -your readers say who arc referred t<> in the follow- 
ing lines, taken from one of the latest volumes of the 
Early Scottish Text Society? 

" Bot principallie, I [nay you to eject 
A'necursit l>yh t- that chieflie does mating 
In Abctdiuc, of ' Soj.his.iis the welspring, 
And in their place put learnit rnen of God." 

W. IS. R. W. 

456. Sir Leonard 1 Ialliday, Lord Mayor ov 
London, 1605. — Can any of your Dumfriesshire 
readers sa) whether this gentleman was of a Dumfries- 
shire family, and if so, which ? 

Dollar* W. B. R. W. 


275. Cock of the North (III., 13, 30, 46). — 
In Jacobite, Songs and Bdllqds (1887), page 91, I find 
the phrase, " Cock ol the North," applied to a north- 
ern nobleman, presumably the then Marquis of 1 luntly, 
in a ballad on the Battle of Sheriffmuir. The verse 
in which the phrase appears runs thus: — 

WT the Earl o' Seaforth, 

A.nd the Cock o 1 the North, 
But Florence ran fastest ol a', man, 

Save the Lain! o' Phinaven, 

Who sware to be even 
\\ i' any genera,] or pes'! o' them a', man." 
1 think thi reference lu ie is to the Marquis of Huntly, 
hecause i; is certain that Alexander, the eldest son of 
the first I hike of Gordon, and who subsequently be- 
came the second Dukeol Gordon himself, was pre- 
sent at Sheriffmuir, and it is also known that, de- 
pressed by the unfortunate issue of that battle, lie at 
once returned home and capitulated with the Earl of 
Sutherland, as a consequence of which, though for a 
short time imprisoned in Edinburgh Castle, no further 
proceedings were taken against him. The Florence 
mentioned in the third line of the verse quoted, was a 
celebrated horse that had been bought by the Marquis 
for a large sum. W. 1>. R. W, 

315. The Office of II an g m a n (III., 45, 62).-- 
The f< llowing advertisement from the Edinburgh 
Evening Courant for April 2, 1789, may lie added to 
14 C's " answer : — 

Executioner Wantetd at JT.rth. 

The Magistrates of I'eilh hereby ^ive notice that tile 
Office of Executioner for the said burgh is at present 
vacant, and an)- person inclining to accept of thai 
office will have all suitable encouragement and pro- 
tection from the Magistrates. The salary given is 
seven shillings per week, and commodious dwelling- 

house free of rent, and other emoluments annexed to 
the office ; and any one inclining to accept and enter 
into contract lor the said employment may apply to 
the said Magistrates. J. Calder Ross. 

352. Kennedy Clark fill., 95, no, 126). — My 
attention has just been called to the above, and I 
ma)' say that Kennedy (. lark did write a book, and 
published it too. li would lie treason to literature to 
call it poetry, or the author a pod, hut we cheerfully 
include the author as one of the minor minstrels of 
Scotland,. using the phrase- in its most elastic sense. 
It is refreshing to read "that a kind Providence had 
blessed" Mi. (.'lark "with a competency suitable to 
his wishes, and thai tin.- profits (if any), will be dedi- 
cated to the comfort of the widow and fatherless." 
The exact title of hi-, brochure is, Poems: A Picture 
of London 1 in miniature^ and Richmond-Hill. By 
Kennedy ( lark of band". London, 1804. Printed by 
the Philanthropic Society. The booklet consists of 
3S pages, and is quite a curiosity in its way. I can 
well believe he was a better piper than poet. 

Mitchell Library, John Ingram. 


413. Iona ok IoijA (III. 173). - \ am much 
pleased to see the interest this matter has secured, 
and as the translator of Adamnan's Life of St. Columba 
for "The Historians of Scotland" Series, and also ns 
Editor of Mr. [crvise's Memorials of Angus and 
A/earns (2nd ed.), 1 hope you will let me say a word. 
Mr. fervise found his information upon the Zona or 
loua question in Dr. (now Bp.) Reeves' Life of St. 
Columba. Dr. Reeves discusses the matter most 
full)' in the original edition : it is also given in the 
translation (Introd. pp. exxviii. sq. ). Adamnan's 
remark about Iona and Jonah h- entirely beside the 
point. Will D. 11. b. L. kindly tell us in what early 
author the- name is written Hyonn and li-shona 1 I 
think he has an error in Innis-nau-Druinneach. 

East Toronto. JAMES G AM MACK, Lb. D. 

414. Si.Tf.unan and Bells (III., 173). — If your 
correspondent 1. had given full venl for his anxiety 
for knowledge and referred to the SpaMiHg Club 
Miscellany^ IV., j 1 7 -N, he would have found a curious 
Latin document upon the tenure of St. Medan's hell 
at Airlie in Forfarshire. As to St. Ternan'js bell, and 
the place of the Saint's burial, I am afraid that we 
must have both to the pious imagination of our 
readers, and there is no profit in asking too many 
questions on some .subjects. But about 1530 the 
Saint's head, with the tonsure still visible, is said to 
have been at Banchory Ternan with his Goift'l 0/ Si. 
Matthew^ and his Ronecht or sacred bell which had 
its hereditary keeper and " deray croft." His relics 
were preserved at the same timt in Old Machar 
Cathedral (Smith and Wace, DtcH. Christ. Biog. IV. 
pp. 817-8 for the references)* Is there modern in- 
formation with regard to these? Is the present 
Churchyard at Banchory the original one, or is any- 
thing known of another.'' Is there any local or 
historical basis for these sixteenth century stories 
regarding St. Ternan, his head, gospel, and bell? 

East Toronto, James Gam mack, LL.D. 



424. 73rd Perthshire Regiment (IV., 17).— 
(Forty-second or Royal Highland Regiment, second 
Battalion, now the Seventy-third Regiment, 1780).-— 
j, C. will find in the History of the Highlanders, and 
of the Highland C/atts, by lames Brown, LL.D., a 
full account of the operations oi this Regiment from 
their embodiment in Perth, on the 21st March, 1780, 
and subsequent embarkation at Queensferry, till their 
return to Perth in [$07. 4th vol., pp. 309-317. 

WILLIAM Thomson. 

7 Madeira Place, Leith. 

437. St. Coi.umha's Birthplace (IV., 18).— 
St. Columba 1 or Columkillie was one o! the greatest 
patriarchs o( the monastic orders in Ireland, and the 

apostle of the Picts. lie was of most noble extrac- 
tion, and was horn at Gartain, in the comity of Tyr- 
COniiel, in 521. 4 In the Island of Iona or Nye, near 
the Isle of Mull, in the shire of Argyle, was a famous 
Monastery founded by St. Columba, who coming bom 
Ireland into Britain in the year 503 to preach the 
Word of God to the Provinces of the North Picts, 
and having converted them he obtained this Island, 
where he laid the foundation of his Monastery, and 
was himself the fust Abbot. At [ana he had his 
chief residence for thirtj hair years, during which he- 
visited various parts of Ireland, Scotland, and the 
Isles. St. Columba founded many chinches and 
monasteries, all which appear to have been in some 
degree dependent on Iona. Here he inaugurated 
Aidan, King of the Scots. 3 The particulars of St. 
Columba's last days and death have been preserved 
by Adamnan, and are as interesting as they are affect- 
ing, even at this remote period... After visiting and 
blessing the Monastery and bidding farewell to an 

old and faithful servant his white horse he entered 

his cell, and began the work ol transcribing the scrip- 
tures for the las! time. When he had come to the 
thirty-third Psahu, and the verse, "The rich have 
wapted, and Inae suffered hungci ; but the)' thai seek 
the Lord shall not be deprived ol any good," he 
stopped and said, " Burthen ns. ill write the rest." On 
the next morning he rose, and hastened before the 
other monks to the church, and knelt before the altar. 
There he died peacefully, blessing all his disciples, 
on the 9th June, 597. 4 There can be no doubt St. 
Columba was an Irishman, as St. Tat rick was a Scots- 
man. William Thomson. 

437. Colum or Columba was the son of Phelim, 
the son of Fergus, the grandson of Neil Naighiallaeh, 
King of Ireland. [lis mother was nearly related to 
Convallus, King ol the Scots. 1 le is supposed to have 
been born at G art an, County Donegal, in Ireland. 
There is no doubt but thai lie was born in Ireland on 
7th Dec, 521 A.D. lie studied under St. Finian of 
Moville, and also spent some of his time in the 
monastery of Clon on the Shannon, where he received 
Instruction from St. Caran. It is probable that he 
remained at Clon till the death of Si. Varan in 547 
a.d. In the year following the death of St. Caran he 

1 Commonly pronounced Cnlmc 

- Butler's Lives of the Saints, vol. i., p. 762. 

^Gordon's Mo/iasticon, p. 57a. 

* M'Corry's Monks of Una. 

founded the monastery of Dairrnaugh, now Dm row, 
in Leinster, and also Dair Calgauch on Lough Koyle, 
now 1'erry. Several years after Lhis he is believed to 
have visited Rome. Columba reached Iona on 
Whitsunday, 563 A.D., having made the passage from 
Ireland in a wicket boat with hides fastened on to it 
along with twelve companions. lie died at Iona on 
Sunday night, 27th of June, 596 A.I>. 
87 Haldon Road, " D. 11 . E. L. 

Wandsworth, S. W. 

437. The usually accepted conclusion is (hat S. 
Columba, son of Fedhlimidh and Eithne, was born at 
Gartan in co. Donegal, and baptised at Temple- 
Douglas between Temple- Douglas ami Letterkenny. 
It is also agreed that St. Patrick was a native of the 
Clydcside in Scotland, and became the apostle of 
Ireland as St. Columba afterwards was oi the west 

; and north of Scotland. As to absolute unanimity on 
I any object under or above the sun it is not to be 

East Toronto. Jamks Ca.mmack, LL.D. 

438. D.vti' Wanted (IV., 38).— The last Sunday 

in November, 10S7 fell on ihe 27th day lA the month. 
In connection \siih this inquiry I made a curious dis- 
covery, which may be as interesting and novel to 
others as it was to myself. This is, that this century 
and the 17th. century correspond exactly, day for day. 
Thus, the 27th November, 16S7 and the same day of 
1887 were both Sundays, ain't so ii will be found is 
the case with any other day that may be fixed on. 
In this way, if one knows the day of the week of any 
particular date in either century, one can always be 
sure of the day of the same dale in the other century. 
Aberdeen. A. \V. KOBERTS0N. 

438. Sunday, 27th November, 10S7. 1'. C. 

444. William Hamilton of Bangour (IV. 
39).- Ue was the second son of fames Hamilton, 
Advocate, by Elizabeth, daughter of John Hamilton 
of M arrays, County of Linlithgow. Me was born in 
1740. hull particulars as to him and his family 
connections will be found upon a reference to Pater- 
son's Edition ol his Poems, issued in 1850 by Steven- 
son, Edinburgh. 

Edinburgh. T. G. S. 


Annals of the Uoyal Botanic Garden, Calcutta. 

By George King, M.B., LL.D., V. R.S., CLE. 

Calcutta, 18S9. 
THE present issue of these important works 
consists fi) of a supplement to two former 
publications on the Ficus of the I ndo- Malayan 
countries, and which together constitute a 
worthy " Volume L" of the Annals, and (2) of 
an entirely new work on the .species of Artocar- 
pus [Breadfruit] indigenous to British India, and 
the [ndo- Malayan species of Quercus [Oak] and 
Castanopsis, being Volume II. of the Annals. 



[August, 1890. 

The former of these is the joint work of Dr. 
King, who brings the subject of the Ficus up to 
date by describing a number of new species from 
New Guinea, and of Dr. Cunningham, who, in a 
long memoir of some 40 pages, details his most 
patient and interesting observations on the 
phenomena of fertilization of b'icus Roxburghii. 
The author does not plume himself on having 
solved tliis botanical enigma. 1 What lie does 
satisfactorily prove is, thai it is impossible for 
the pollen grains of the male flowers to be per- 
fected, or for the embryos of the female flowers 
lo.^J developed without the aid of the fig-insect, 
yet* ie is far from satisfied in the case of the 
latt| ir process that it is by any ordinary process 
of w >llinalion. The nett gain of Dr. Cunning- 
ham's investigations seems to be a visible 
narrowing of the area of the crux, and it is to be 
hoped that before long the secret will be yielded 
as the well-merited award of these researches. 

For Volume II. Dr. King, the talented Di- 
rector of the Garden, is wholly responsible, and 
it affords another proof of how substantially he 
is laying the foundations of an exhaustive botany 
of India, which in point of scientific thoroughness 
shall be exemplar of all that may follow by 
whomsoever. It would not be right to omit 
saying how well these splendid volumes have 
been illustrated by the skilled native artists and 
draughtsmen. ED. 
1 Vol. II., p. y ?) .v. A\ & Q. 

t6i1i year of Publication. 

Salopian Sforcto an& patches. 

Not us on i"HK History, Antiquituss, and Folk Lore 

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A Qt/ARTKRLV Ioukna! devoted 10 the Family History, 
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Notes :— Page 

The Heirs of the Stuarts, .. .. .. ..63 

Notable Men ahd. Women in Ayrshire, .. ..64 

Epitaphs and Inscriptions iu St. Nicholas Church and 

Churchyard, . . . . _ 65 

Notes on the Name, Family, and Arms of Skene, l. 67 
Vernacular Prayers in England, .. .. ..69 

Bibliography of Dundee Periodical Literature,.. .. 70 

The Duke of Clarence and Avondate, 72 

Some Rhymes and Sayings of Childhood, .. .. 73 

Curious Tryals, .... . . . . ' . . . . 74 

Stories from Rum and Eigg, . • . • . . 7.1 

Minor Notes : — 

Epitaph on James Seton of Pitmedden, 75 

A French Invasion Eighty-seven years ago, .. . . 75 

Queries : — 

Maclean of Dehire — Churchyard of Elsick, Kincar- 
dineshire — Apprentices Fed on Salmon — Did the Druids 

offer Human Sacrifice ?. . 


The Penny Post— The White Kirk of Buchan— St. 
Columba - Date Wanted— Falconers of Phesdo— Egger 
Meal— Black Monday— Macgregor Family— Monu- 
mental Brasses— "Tibbie Fowler of the Glen"— Sir 
Edward Halliday, Lord Mayor of London, .. ..76 



IT is generally believed that, when I I onry Car- 
dinal York died at Kome in 1807, the repre- 
sentation of th^ Stuarts vested in George III., 
and that consequently Queen Victoria is now 
the heir of line of James 1. So far is this from 
being" the case, that 424 fndi\ iduals, now living- 
including an emperor, five kings, four ex-sove- 
reigns, and two legitimist claimants to thrones — 
would, qua Stuarts, take precedence of 1 lei- 

The second Act of Settlement, passed in 1701, 
on the death of Queen Anne's son, the Duke of 
Gloucester, provided that the succession should 
be in Sophia, Electress of Hanover, and her 
heirs, if Protestants. Though primarily intruded 
to exclude James, the "old pretender,*' and his 
sister Louisa, this Act also cut off from the 
succession not only Anna Maria, Queen of 
Sardinia, the grand daughter of Charles ]., but 
the heirs of Prince Charles Louis, and of Prince 
Edward, the elder brothers of the Electress 

The descendants of Sophia, now living, num- 
ber 420; and it is a remarkable fact, that among 
the 854 Heirs of the Stuarts are to la- f< und 

representative.-, of all the European monarchies 
save that of Turkey. The heir of line is the 
Princess Maria '1 heresa of Modena, married to 
Prince Louis of Uayaria, son of the Regent of 
that kingdom, and its future sovereign. The 
Princess is also heir of line of the ancient houses 
of Este ami of Savoy. The son of her paternal 
aunt Beatrice, Charles, Duke of Madrid, is the 
heir male of the Bourbons, and the legitimist 
titular king at once of France (since the death, 
in 1883, of Henri, Comte de Chambord), and of 
Spam (since the death, in 1887, of his own 
father, the third Don Carlos). Failing the 
issue of Maria Theresa (she has already eleven 
children), the Duke of Madrid might thus come 
to unite in his person the representation of three 
of the greatest monarchies of modern times. 
" It can excite no surprise," says Mr. Townend, 
"that with these high lineal pretensions, the 
Duke of Modena [Francis IV., grandfather of 
Maria Theresa] should have been almost the 
only European potentate who refused to recog- 
nise the sovereignty of Louis Philippe." 

The accompanying genealogical tree will 
serve to make clear the relationship of the chief 
lines of Stuart descent. It may be 
that anion- the fortv-threo selected 

tives we hnd tl 
I houses ot note 


of several 

pointed out 
her reigning 


ex- Duke of 
mother, 1 .ouisa, sister ot 
bord, heir of line of the 1 1 

5. Albert, Ki 
younger (A lbei 
7. Pedro [I., 
of the liousc of I 
10. bonis Phi 
of the house of 
house of Si mine 

Parma, is, through his 
the Comte de Cham- 
ng of Saxony, heir male of the 
ine) branch of the house of Saxe. 
ex-Emperor of Brazil, heir male 
Brag an/a. 

lippe, Comte de Paris, heir male 
Orleans, and heir of line of the 

12. Francis Joseph, Emperor of Austria, heir 
! of line oi the younger branch of the house of 
I Hapsburg. The representative of the elder 
I branch is the English Marl of Denbigh. 
I 13. Humbert; King of Italy, heir male of the 
I house of Sa\ oy. 

16. William 1 1., German Emperor, heir male 
of the younger branch of the house of Hohen- 
zollcrn. The representativ e of the elder branch 
is Prince 1 .copold of J fohenzollern-Sigmaringen. 

17. Ernest, titular King of Hanover, heir male 


of the house of Brunswick (since the death, in 
1884, of William, Duke of Brunswick). 

21. Princess Wilhelmina (daughter of King 
Frederick VI. of Denmark-), heir of line of the 
house of Holstein. 

22. Ernest, Duke of Schleswig I folstein- 1 
Sonderburg-A.ugstenbui'g', heir male of the same 

23. William 111., King of the- Netherlands, 
heir male of the younger (Ottonian) branch of; 
the house of Nassau, 

. 24. AdolphtlS, ex-Duke of Nassau, heir male 
of the elder (Walramian) branch of the same 

34. Alexander, Landgrave of Hesse-Cassel,. 
heir male of the elder branch of the house of 

36. Caroline, Queen Consort of Saxon)- 
(daughter of prince ( lustavus V'asa), heir of line 
of the second house of Vasa. 

38. Alexander III., Czar of Russia, heir of line 
oif the house of Romanoff, and of the first house I 
of Vasa. 

41. Louis IV., Grand Duke of Hesse-Darm- 
stadt, heir male of the younger branch of the 
house of 1 1 esse. 

42. Otto, King of Bavaria, heir male of the ! 
house of Zu eibrucken- Hirkenfekl. 

43. Alexander, Grand Duke of Saxe Weimar, 
heir male of the ekler (Ernestine) branch of the | 
house of Saxe. P. J. ANDERSON. 


Born before the sixteenth century : 

1. Erighta, Joannes Scot us, philosopher and divine, I 
resided from 843 at the Court of Charles the bald, 
France ; royal favourite and head of " the Court 
school." (851) published Treatise on Predestination, \ 
which was condemned by Council of Valence, as j 
" pukes Scotorum,*' Scotch porridge, and " an invert- j 
lion of the devil. " (°54) appeared his chiel work, 
De Divisions Waturae, declared by Pope Honorius 
III. to "swarm with worms-of heretical perversity." j 
(860J translated into Latin works attributed Lo Dion- i 
ysius the Areopagite. Having now incurred the hos- 1 
tility of the Church, he had to withdraw from the 
French Court. Subsequent life unknown, though 1 
some say he crossed to England, anil died there as \ 
Abbot of Malmesbury. b. Ayr ? or possibly Ireland 
(800-15) </. (886). 

2. William k'rr, Scottish patriot, and friend of 
Wallace, b. Kerslaml, slain 1305. 

1 The compiler of the hiogtaphieaJ potanda here puhlished, j 
aware how imperfect his treatnicnt of his suhjeci is, will cordi* 
ally welcome any suggesriojis or corrections thai may he wade 
on the facts submitted. He has doubtless made mistakes, and | 
must hjive hecu guilty of many omissions ; hut, with the mate- 
rials at his command, ne has dune the best he c >uld, and trusts 
to be forgiven lor any blunders into Which he maj ia\c fallen, j 

3. Robert J3ruce t Robert L, King of Scotland. 
Cr. at Scone, 271I1 March, 1300. After many heroic 
struggles he drove the English from Scotland, and 
won the Battle of Bannockburu, 241I1 June, 1314. 
Obtained recognition of Scottish independence 1328. 
/>. Turnberry Castle, Kirkov.-. aid (?) or Lochmaben 
Castle, Dumfriesshire, jsisl March; 1^74; d. 1329. 

4. Sir Edward Bruce, Patriot, brother of King 
Robert, and one of his early adherents. By hi* siege 
of Stirling Castle, brought on the Battle of 
Ban nock burn. Having crossed to. Ireland with 6000 
men lo assist the natives against the English, he was 
Clowned king there, l 315, but soon after was defeated 

at Athenrec, and fell at Dundalk. b. Turnberry Ca., 
( ? 1277), </. 5th < October, 1317. 

5. Sir Nigel (or Neil) Bruce, Patriot, brother of 
King Robert. Hanged by Edward [., 1306. 

6. Sir Williath Keith (of Galston), Patriot leader. 
In his youth he distinguished himself at the capture 
of Berwick, 1318. lie accompanied Douglas to Spain 
with the heart of Bruce, 1330 ; commanded at Ber- 
wick when that town was taken by the English in 
1333 ; ambassador to England, 1335 ; but killed at 
the siege ol Stirling the following year. b. Galston? 
(? 12O"), d. 1336. 

7. Sir Adam Mure (of Rowallan), Ayrshire gent. , 
ancestor through Ins daughter of the Stuart dynasty, 
and so of H. M. Queen Victoria, b. Rowallan, Kil- 
marnock, (1300), d. (1380). 

8. Elizabeth Mure, ancestress of Queen Victoria, 
daughter of above. 1321, ( /. 1354. 

9. Sir Hugh de EglintoUH, supposed to have been 
one of the early Scottish poets, rle is referred to by 
Dunbar in his Lament for the Makars, as " the gude 
Sir 1 lew of Eglintoun. None of his verses are known 
to be extant. He married Egidia, daughter of Walter 
ilu Lord High Steward^ and so was nearly related to 
Robert 1. in [36] he was J usticiary ol Lothian, and 
in 1307 one of the Commissioners tor a treaty with 
England; llis only child, a daughter, married John 
Montgomery of Estglesham, and thus arose the pre- 
sent house of Eglinton. Eglinton, Kilwinning? 
(131-5), d. (1381)/ 

10. Sir John Wallace (of Craigie), Sheriff of Ayr- 
shire, a nd hero 1 tf the Battle of Sark. Of him Tyller 
says, that he was " a leader of great courage and ex- 
perience," and thai •' his conduct mainly Contributed 
lo the victory." He died of wounds received in the 
light, k Craigie, near Kilmarnock, and died 1448, 

j i. fames Kennedy, Archbishop, Prelate and States- 
man. Founder of the College of St. Salvalor, St. 
Andrews, (456; Bishop of Dunkeld, 143S ; promoted 
to St. An hews, 1440 ; land High Chancellor, 1444; 
Tutor to James ill. (>. Dunure Castle, May bole, 
(1405), it. 1 466. 

12. Robe it Boyd, />.' Lohi Boyd. Ambitious but 
unsuccessful statesman. In [460 one of the Lords of 
the Regency during the minority of James 111. ; 1 4(16 
obtained possession of the young King's ; erson, and 
began a career of unscrupulous ambition, which closed, 
however, by a counterrevolution in [469, as a con- 
sequence of w hich Lord Boyd fled to England, where 



foe diet) boon after at Alnwick. fa Dean Castle, Kil- 
marnock, (1420), d. I47&> 

13. Sir Alexander Boyd) brother of above. Royal 
favourite and ambitious statesman ; military tutor to 
James III. J executed for treason, b. Dean Castle, 
(1422), d, 14G9. 

14. Alexander Cunningham, ist Earl of Gleneairn. 
Public man, created Lord Kilmaurs, 1450 ; Earl of 
Gleneairn, I4<$8 ; slain at Sauchieburn fight. near 
Kilmaurs, (1424), d. 1488. 

|C, Sir John Ross, King's Advocate and Politician. 
T>>ok an active part in supporting James III. against 
hb ion ami rebel nobles. His bravery in a skirmish 
at Stirling Bridge, previous to Sauchic fight, had 
aldlOtt pioved fatal lo the rebel prince James. After 
the victory, of James IV., Ross's estate was forfeited 
. rul conveyed to Patrick Hume of Fast Castle, b. 
Montgreenan, near Kilwinning ( 1426), d. 1494. 

16. Walter Kennedy, early Scottish Poet, styled 
1 Pouglas "TheGreit Kennedy." Known only by 

his "Fiyting" with Dunbar and two short pieces, 
the one an " Invective against Mouth-Thankless, " 
published in the Evergreen, and the other, " Praise 
oi Age," republished by Lord Hailes. lie was sixth 
son of Sir Gilbert, 1st Lord Kennedy, b. Culzean 
Castle, Maybole ?(i450), </. (1507). 

17. Quiutin Sl/aie, Poet. His only known poem, 
Advvce to a Courtier, has been published by Pinker- 
ton. Spoken of as just dead by Dunbar, in his La- I 
incut for the Makars : 

" And he has now ta'en last of aw, 
dude, gentle Stobo, and Quintin Schaw." 
b. Haily, Carrick, (1450), J. (1505). 

iX. Gavin lumbar, Bishop of Aberdeen ; Dean of | 
Moray, 1 4S8 ; Archdeacon of St. Andrews ; Privy J 
Councillor lo James IV., and Clerk Register,. 1 503 ; • 
Urthop of Aberdeen, 1 518 : munificent benefactor to j 
that See ; built bridge ovei the Dee, completed Ca- 
thedral, and endowed a Hospital. Said to have been j 
author of a Treatise against the Reformers, Contra ! 
Htreticos Germanos. />. Cumnock, (1^60), ( /. 15 51 | 
or '32. 

19. Hugh Montgomery, i.l Earl of Eglintoii, \ 
Statesman, &c. Privy Councillor to James IV., 14S0; I 
created Karl of Eglinton, 15117 j appointed Justice I 
General for the North, 1526-7; one of the Council of I 
the Regency, I £36. He lived in the reigns of five 

S >vereigns of Scotland. /'. Eglinton Castle, Kilwinn- j 
ing, (1460), d. 1545. 

20. William Cunningham, Earl of Gleneairn j 
Statesman. High Treasurer of Scotland, 1526;! 

en prisoner by English al rout of Solway, 1542; i 
liberated and joined with Lennox to get the English 
King made Protector of Scotland ; forces defeated on 1 
Glasgow Moor, 1543, by Regent Arran ; retreated to 
Dumbarton, after which he joined Arran 's party, and 
helped to besiege the Knglish troops in Coldingham. : 

Kilmaurs? (1475), d. 1547. 

21. Gilbert Kcnnrdy, 2nd Karl of Casulis, Active 
Statesman, Ambassador to English Court, 1515-6; 
Guardian to young king, 1523; Privy Cuoncillor to 

J imes V., 1524; Ambassadwr to ICggland same year; i 
1 .-. isinated at I'restwick by Hugh Campbell, Sheriff 
Ayrshire, b. Culzean? (1466), d, 1527. 

! 22. Sir Reginalds or Ronald, Crawford, Patriot. 
; Cousin of Wallace, whom he accompanied in all his 
i struggles and dangers ; early follower of Bruce. In 
I 1306-7 joined Thomas and Alexander, brothers of 
I Bruce, in their unsuccessful descent on Galloway; 
I wounded and taken prisoner there, he was sent to tlie 
j English King at Carlisle and instantly executed. b. 
Loudon, (1275), d. 1 307. 

23. Sir Bryee Blair oi Blair, Patriot leader, mur- 
lered 1296. 

24. Sir Robert Boyd, one of the first associates of 
I King Robert the Bruce, flourished 1305 — . 

I 25 and ?.(). Thomas and Alexander Bruce, brothers 
j of King Robert. . Patriots. Made an unsuccessful 
I descent on Calloway; wounded and taken prisoners, 
! and instantly .sent to the scafTold at Carlisle, 7th Feb., 


en cjrch yard — Section d. 

On a ground-stone - 

In Remembrance of | Mr Robert Irvine son to | 
Dr Alexander Irvine | Physician: Who died 1 May 
1774 I in the 31 st year oHyis age | Dieu Seul. | Like- 
wise Dr Alexander Irvine late | Physician: who de- 
parted this life I 17"' of March, 1780 : Aged 68 years. 

On another ground-stone, close: beside the 
above, there is cut -- 

Under this Stone I are interred the bodies | of | 
Duncan Shaw D.D. j and of his wile M™ Jean Cor- 
don. I Dr Shaw was bom in the year 1727: | was 
settled Ministei of Rnfford in 1753 | and translated 
to Aberdeen in i;>\>. | Ob. ann. 1 794 . | He was a 
man of mild and conciliating manners | and ><f a most 
benevolent heart. | Diligent in the discharge of his 
pastoral functions 1 he no less carefully employed him- 
self I in the study ol the - Scriptures, j which are the 
sacred fountains of truth. | To this, his various literary 
productions! bear ample testimony. | He was blessed 
with a truly excellent wife | and most affectionate 
children, j Two of his daughters Mary and Jean, [ lie 
buried in the same grave. 

Dr. Shaw was .1 son of the Rev. Lauchlan 
Shaw, the historian of Morayshire, and was born 
in 1725. His first charge was at Rafford, where 
he was settled in 1753. On the death of the 
Row Thomas Forbes, one of the City Ministers 
of Aberdeen, in the third charge oi St. Nicholas 
Church, the choice of the Council fell on Dr. 
Shaw, and he was elected oil the 9th April, 
1783. Three years, later bo bad the honour of 
being chosen Moderator of the: General Assem- 
bly, lie died on the 23rd June, 1794, while in 
the sixty-ninth year of his age. Dr. Shaw mar- 
ried, on ioth fannary, 1754, Jean, a daughter of 
the Rev. (George Cordon, Minister of Abes, by 
whom he had a family of three sons ami foil r 
daughters. Mrs. Shaw survived her husban^ 




for a few mouths only, having died on the 41I1 I 
January, 1795. 

The literal) productions referred to in the 111- 1 
scription consist of A Comparative View of\ 
Religions Instruction, published in two volumes 1 
at London in 1776 ; the History and Philosophy \ 
of Judaism, Edinburgh, 1787; and An Argu- 
merit for the Dignity of our Lord s Character, \ 
Edinburgh, 179.5. 

In the same section of the Churchyard, hut 
opposite the door of the West (.'lunch, there 
are a feu 1 stones, the inscriptions on which aie 
worth recording. The first of these bears the 
folio wing — 

Here lyes William Chalmers j Merchant in Abel, 
who depart | eel this life the 2i Ht day of Au | gust 
1710 & of his age 56. I As also Elizabeth Blair his | 
spouse who departed this | life the 20 th of Dec 1 1733 
I & of her age 7'). I As also William Helen and | i 
Christian Chalmers who died | in infancy: ]anet 
Chalmers who j died u Ul June, Aged 22, and Cero- 
nica Chalmers spouse to James j Cuming of Breda 
who died die 2 ^ r 1 | Septr. i7.yS; Aged 30 years, j 
All children of William Chalmers I late Provost t>f 

William Chalmers, Esq., who has been twice 
Provost and Chief Magistrate of this City. Pos- 
sessed of ever)' virtue which could make him 
eminent and conspicuous in the various stations 
he filled, both in social and domestic life, he 
justly attracted the love and esteem of all. 
Clearness of judgment, integrity of conduct, 
benevolence of heart, steady and disinterested 
friendship, and extensive charity, were regularly 
displayed through Ins whole life ; and his un- 
affe< ted piety, while it gave himself the constant 
smiles of a good conscience, adorned all his 
virtues. The Poors Hospital and Infirmary, 
the most useful and extensive charity founda- 
tions in this place ami the North of Scotland, of 
both which he was a zealous promoter, will be 
lasting monuments of his public spirit, and pre- 
serve and endear his memory to many genera- 

The latter of th 
was originated in 1 
was m orTfi< e, and 

two institutions referred to 
hile Provost Chalmers 
erore his term expired he 

on-stone of the new 


in M< 

.n spo 

to th 

aid ! 

Provost Chalmers who died the | y 11 day of May : 
1766 aged 61 years. | And also j the Remains of Wil- 
liam Chalmers I late Merchant ami Provost | ol Aber- 
deen who died 29 th day j of March 1770 aged 75 

William Chalmers, first mentioned, was born 
in 1654, the same year as his future wife, Eliza- 
beth Blair, who was a daughter 0/ Gilbert Blair, 
saddler. tier first husband was an Andrew 
Douny, who must have died previous to 1694, 
about which tunc -dm married William Chal- 
mers. Their eldest son was W illiam Chalmers, 
born in 1695, and who, by his who Helen Mob 
lison, had the following children :■- William, 
baptized 1726; Vera or Veronica, baptized 28th 
December, 1727 ; Alexander, baptized 23rd May, 
1729, died at Peterhead, 9th January, 1778, in 
the 48th year of his age ; William. Collector of 
Customs in Shetland, Helen and Christian who 
died in infancy, and John who died in his 22nd 

Vera married James Cuming of Breda, on 
26th October, 1748, and in the notice, of the 
marriage the bride was described as "a most 
agreeable young lady." She- died on the 23rd 
September, 1758, in the 31st year ofher age. 

William Chalmers was Provost of Aberdeen 
for two terms of two years each, his lirst elec- 
tion beiivj, made nt Michaelmas, 1 738, and the 
honour was repeated in 1 746. 

The following sketch of the Provost, although 
pitched in rather a high key, was written by a 
contemporary, and may seive to give an idea of 
the respect in which he was held :- " Du el, on 
the morning of the 29th March [1770], aged 75, 

h the Infirmary was 
his portrait, painted 
undei the charge of 
The portrait, which 
room in Exchange 

was able to 

His close connection wi 
doubtless the reason why 
by Alexander, is preserve-! 
the Infirmary Managers, 
hangs in the Treasurer's 
Street, represents the Provost in the full dress 
of the period. 

On a stone close beside the last is cut — 
ti ere lyes under the hope of a blessed resurrection 
Mm Pyfc Merchant in AM. who departed this life 
the 18 ol May mot in Ihe 591 year ol his age. | As 
also Klizifoeth Tulkreh his , spouse who departed this 
I life the 5 of November 1686 | ami aged 40 years. 
And 13 children* | And lane- Ky fie late Bal | lie of 
Ahd. who dyed the 13 j of August 1720 in the 59 th 
year | of his age, j And fclixaheLh Gordon his | spouse 
who departed this j life the 1:4 th 1,1 May 17-13 a ged ^7 
I And also John Tayh.r, Advocate in Ahd. who died 
the 19 th of Sepleru r 1769 in the 69 year of his age. 
And Elizabeth Fyfle, his spquse, who died the 22 d 
Of June I77J, in the 07 year of her age. And 
Mr. Alexander Ganiaeh, Merchant in Aberdeen, 
who died 30 th May 17S0, agrd 74 years. And Mar- 
garet l'\lle his spouse who died the 4 th Jan 1 )' 1795, 
aged &2 yeai'S. Also lies lu re Margaret Taylor, wife 
to William Burnett, Advocate, who died 23 rd August 
1806 in the 73 r>l yeai of her ai^c. 

llaillie Fyfe v. as one of the magistrates chosen 
by the Pretender's party at Michaelmas, 1 7 1 5 . 
As his name docs riot appear in the various lists 
of those who took an active part, in the city, 
m the affairs <>t the Rebellion, it may be that 
his elevation to the magistracy on this occasion 
was an honour not altogether to his liking. 

Alex. M. Munro. 

I Aberdeen Journal, 




(iK THE 



Robertson of Struan Skene of Skene 

\r»is : Gules 1 1 hn.c wolves' ArmsiGuksy threedirksor 
pads erased argent, armed skeens paleways in fesse 
ml langued, autre. argmt, hilled ami pom- 

melled or, supported of 
as many wolves' head s of 
the third. 

wfStl a dexter arm and Crest: a dexter arm from 
■kittd erect holding' a regal the shoulder issuing out of 
t/aii, $\\ proper. a cloud, holding forth in 

the hand a triumphant 
crown or garland proper, 
ifr/fr? Virtutis gloria Motto; Yirtmis regia 
tierces, rnerces. 
htpperfers : Dexter, a ser- Supporters: Two high- 
■ptU, sinister, a dove, the landmen, the one on 
(cads of each encircled with dexter side in a Highland 
ays, gentleman's dress, hold- 

fjo/iourable augmentation : ing in his right hand a 
Lying in a compartment skeen, the point clown- 
wider, the arms a wild man wards, and the other on 
;hained. — \Nisbefs Herald- sinister in a servant's 
rr, gd, I«.l8, J dress, with his dorlaeh 

on his shoulder, and a 
target on his left arm. — 
Tartan: the Robertson, 
with a single additional 
* . stripe. 

Saa^t.' The fern. />'.;.. ''^ ( : The fern. 

It is perfectly evident that one of these sets 
of arms is modelled upon the other. It is 
too improbable to be entertained that the 
tincture, the heads, the arm, the crown, the 
motto, the supporters, the tartan, the badge 
eight similarities - should have been the result of 
accident. Moreover, these are the only two 
families in Scotland which pear wolves' heads. 

Which was modelled on which ? The Skenes 
appear for the first time in 1296 ; the origin of 
ihe Robertsons is known, and goes much further 
back. The Skene bearings are, therefore, ac- 
icording to all probability, the younger. The 
skenes have quite the air of being a difference 
: added to distinguish a cadet branch of the house 
pf Struan ; besides, "in addition to their three 
tllirta, |he SkeilCS carry the Robertson anus 
' with <* difference, i.e. their wolves' heads are or, 
\ instead of argent? The above quotation ; s from 
' a private letter of Mr, K. W. Robertson, of 
Chilcote, author of "Scotland under her Early 
Kings," written in 18C4. tde adds : "'The con- 
tion between the Skenes and the Robert- 
sons is traditionary only, but not necessarily un- 

true. The locality of the families is so far apart 
that there is probably some truth in it, or why 
choose a family at .such a distance." And 
again : "There is an old traditionary connection 
between the Mac Donalds and the Robertsons, 
which probably rose in this way. Before the 
creation of the diocese of Argyle, the whole of 
that district was under the spiritual authority of 
the Bishop of Dunkeld, and previously of the 
Abbot. Crinan, as Abbot of Dunkeld, there- 
fine, was supreme over Argyle. His son, Dun- 
can, became King of Scotland. Duncan's 
grandson, Modach, was 1st Earl of Athole. 
Hence the connection between the old families 
of Athole and Argyle is real, though existing" 
long before the names of MacDonald or Robert- 
son were in being." (1 do not understand from 
; the above extra* t how Oman's supremacy over 
the MacDonald country, and the descent of 
i Clandonnochie bom Modach, can make any 
j relationship at all ; but it throws light on the 
1 varying legends that the first Skene was either a 
Robertson or a MacDonald.) 

It may be taken as certain, therefore, that the 
Struan bearings are the older ; besides, " be who 
! bears least bears most. 1 ' 

; It is also to be noted that Skene is not in the 
! 1 lighlands, the Highlandline passingat Ballater; 
i nevertheless, Skene is reckoned a Highland 
l clan : its chief is the sole creature on the globe 
who bears two Highlanders; others bear one, 
! and some other supporter, but Skene alone 
has two: how did a Lowland laird get these? 

It seems hard to reject the opinion that the 
motto: "The royal reward ot valour," said to 
allude to the kilting of the wolf, is really 'though 
with allusion 'hereto also, perhaps) varied front 
; "Glory is the reward, ot valour*" This, in 
! Robertson's case, seems to refer to a historical 
\ fact, viz., the arrest of Ring' James' murderers, 
and to have been granted on the erection of 
Struan into a barony in 1451. If the Skene arms, 
then, are varied from the Robertson, they date 
1 from some time later than that. I lowever, Mac- 
gregor also has " the royal reward of valour," 
but in Gaelic. (The only motto, therefore, w hich 
; is identical with Skene's is a Highland one — 
1 another motive for suspecting a (V///,; origin of 
j the family. Tradition supplies this in suggest- 
; ing a Robertson or MacDonald ancestor, in 
I spite of John de Skene's connection with Mid- 
: lothian in the Lowlands.) 

This is the place t ( > give Dr. Skene's theory 
of the origin of the wolves' heads at Strowan 
and Skene: "The Plumptons of Plumpton 
Nail were hereditary foresters of the ancient 
; royal forest of Knarcsborough, in the West 
; Killing of Yorkshire.' In W which 
I formed part of the foiest, and was anciently 



[SEPTEMBER., 1890. 

covered with wood, still stands Plumpton Hall, 
a tower very similar to the old tower of Skene ; 
and there is still preserved in it an old stone 
Coat-of-arms of the Plumptons, showing three 
wolves' heads in fesxe\ a cognizance indicating, 
according to tradition, their connection with the 
forest, which was infested with wolves, a certain 
number of which they were bound to kill each 
year. The only family in Scotland which bore 
three wolves' heads, besides the Skenes, was t he- 
Robertsons of Strowan, and they too were con- 
nected with a forest, for their principal posses- 
sion was the ^reat north-west forest of Atholl, 
called the forest of Glengarry, The position of 
this/, family in the earlier generations was an 
exact counterpart of that of the Skenes. They 
possessed the Kirktown of Strowan ; took their 
designation from it, though the smallest of their 
possessions ; and, when their lands were erected 
into a baron)', the name of Strowan was given 
to the barony. In like manner, the Skene lands 
were originally part of a forest. The family, 
too, possessed the Kirktown of Skene, took their 
designation from it, and when the lands were 
erected into a baron)-, it was termed the barony 
of Skene. The seal of Patrick, the Clericus of 
Skene, shows that the cognizance of the name 
was three skenes or dirks, and the three wolves' 
heads borne upon them were no doubt derived 
from their original connection with the forest. 
The combination of the two may have given 
rise to the tradition of the first Skene having 
saved the King from a wolf, and presented his 
head upon a skene or dirk." Memorials," ! 
Preface, pp. \ in., fx.) 

1 teel oaiite timorous when 1 find myself 
obliged to traverse almost every point of the 
above parallel. 

i. Where is the proof that the Skene lands 
were originally part of a forest, any more, or 
later, than the resi of Scotland? Would a 
forest have been able to furnish 22s. per aim. 
out of feu-rents only ? 

ii. The. family possessed, it is true, the Kirk- 
town of Skene ; but the)- also possessed the 
other half. What shows that they took their 
designation from it ? i.e., that the kirk was 
called Skene before Wester Skene was: 

iii. What shows that the barony oi Skene was 
called from one parcel rather than another? 
Is not the cpntrary inferrible? 

iv. Patrick was not "the Clericus of Skene" 
so far as w e know, at all, but " Patrick dc Skem , 
clerk," simply, 

v. II is seal does not show certainly three 
skenes (V. infra). 

vi. l> And the three wolves' heads borne upon 
them." 1,4 jjittr" is essential to the truth oJ this 
statement, which, as it stands, certaii ly implies 

that the heads are on the seal; which is ex- 
j pficitly contradicted in the sentences preceding 
the above passage, thus: — "The curious circum* 
stance that, in 1296, John de Skene, the first 
historic person of the name, bore as a cognizance 
the head of John the Baptist, while Patrick de 
Skene, the Clcricus, bore on his seal three skenes 
or dirks, and that the Kirktown of Skene be- 
longed to the family, rather indicates that the 
name of Skene was primarily connected with 
tin- church, and extended from thence to the 
barony, while the wolves 1 heads do not then 
appear as forming part of the cognizance of the 
family ,; (p. viii.) 

I.e., What is taught ex cathedra on p. ix., is 
merely thrown out as a conjecture — adum- 
brated on p. viii. My reason may be defective, 
but I must maintain that if the saint's head 
showed any connection with the church, it would 
haye been assuredly borne by the churchman, not 
by the layman. 

It is a great objection to this theory that there 
were numerous forests in Scotland, and hordes 
of wolves ; and yet only two families — one of 
which is (a) asserted by tradition (b) indi- 
cated by coincidences of arms, to be but a 
branch of the other —bear wolves' heads in 
their arms. 

But what seems to me a fatal objection to this 
forester-theory is that on the oldest seals of the 
Skenes there are no wolves' heads — which (ex 
hyp.) should be there, rather than any other 
tiling ; and then, rather than later. 

As regards the Kirktown being in both eases 
the eponym of the barony, and so suggesting an 
ecclesiastical origin- though sheep, rather than 
wolves, would in that case have been more 
appropriate— I will observe that there is another 
and better explanation of that. A church is 
very often the sole remnant of a town or c/tef- 
lieit ; ;'.<;'. Ravenna, where the great basilica 
alone remains of the dassis ; St. Etienne, near 
Boulogne-sur-Mer, a church perched alone on 
a hill, where of course there was, when it was 
built, a burgh, itself probably the descendant of 
a hill-fort, or pah; Laighton, in Herts, a mile 
from the great north road, whose village being 
burned down in the last century, the inhabitants 
rebuilt it on either side of the road, at Bunting- 
ford, where they have a chapel of ease, service 
being said at Laighton only in the fine summer 
evenings; .it Auchtertool, again, near Kirkcaldy, 
the Church lias a spacious knoll all to itself, at 
some distance from the present and historical 
village, representing, no doubt, a defensible pre- 
historic site, like St. Etienne. So we find no 
trace at all .of some old places except their 
church ; as at Kecuhers, Selsey (where it is 
under (he sea), Stidd, in Lancashire; (ilenda- 



lough and Kilmacow, in Wicklow, where the 
ruins of churches are the only relics of what 
were, the first once a see, the second a populous 
hamlet but a century ago. 1 think this list ( and 
hundreds more could be added) explains quite 
sufficiently why the Kirktown of Struan per- 
haps that of Skene became the titulars of 
historic baronies ; they are sites of pre-historic 
towns, very probably oi strongholds. 

1 cannot understand why Dr. Skene brings 
into prominence, m defence of his forester- 
theory, the resemblance of Plumpton, Skene, 
and Hall Forest. There were hundreds of 
towers of the kind, e.g., Beaufort Castle-, as 
described in the " Life of Duncan Forbes." 

When I reject a plausible theory of the Struan 
wolves, I may be fairly summoned to propound 
my own. ft is this. The chief of Clandonnochie 
was, it is true, a .scion of the royal house. But, 
when he acquired Struan, he would become the 
chief of a tribe of men who were in no way of 
his kin, and whose fathers had probably been 
there hundreds, if not thousands, of years. Now, 
all ancient heathen tribes had some animal or 
other as totem or god. 1 suppose that the men 
of Struan had the wolf ; as the men afterwards 
called Forbes had the bear, those called Chishohn 
the boar, &c. ; as, beyond all doubt, the primitive 
god of Israel was the calf; to which they re- 
verted in Arabia, which is alluded to by Joshua, 
which was formally re-established by Jeroboam, 
and had even been introduced into the deco- 
rations of the Temple by Solomon. 

We have thus i. A constant tradition that 
the first Skene wa.s a cadet ot Struan. From 
the numerous resemhlaiicos of the arms, certainty 
that the medieval heralds also believed this. 
And surely we should be very chary of rejecting 
that conviction, when we consider that we are 
three .times further from the 13th century than 
the)' were from the nth, when the ancestor of 
Struan was on the tjirone, 3. The resemblance 
of the tartans, and identity of the badges; are 
material proofs of the popular belief, indepen- 
dent of the heralds',- but corroborating it. 

Hence, I conclude that the Skene arms 
being, mutatis mutandis, those proper for a 
cadet of Struan, constitute so strong a pre- 
sumption in favour of the old belief in such 
descent as to sweep away all the previous 
inferences and hypotheses detailed above ; 
and tu establish that, at least at present, the 
scic/l1 i! ic conclusion is that the origin of the 
Skene wolves is that and no other. The matter 
could, I believe, be tested by diligent com- 
parison of family portraits in both lines. 

A. 1'. S. 

( To be (on tinned. ) 


•The Saturday Review for June 28th reviews 
A Fourteenth Century Prayer Book, by H. Lit- 
! deludes, whose contention is, that in Catholic 
; England the people were not badly oft" in the 
j matter of tins Note, 'the reviewer maintains 
1 the contrary, and surely he is right. Curiously, 
how ever, neither author nor reviewer even allude 
to the locus which decides the question, at least 
as to temp. Henry //., and before. Nicholas 
Breakspear, judged to be too stupid to be even 
a lay-brother in a Lincolnshire minster, become 
Pope as Adrian JV. translated the Pater Noster 
into English, and sent it to all the Bishops of 
England with orders to have it taught to the 
people, who had no prayers. Camden tells us 
this, and gives the translation, as follows ; — 
" Ure fadyr in heavenrich, 1 
Thy name be halyed everlieh : 
Thon bring us thy micbell blisse, 
Als it in heaven y-doe, 
Ever in yearth bqene it also : 
That holy brbad thai lasteth ay, 
Thou send it ous' ke day. 
Forgive cms all that we have don, 
, As we forgivet uch other rrron : 
Ne let ous fall into no rounding, 
Ac shield ous fro the fowle thing. Amen." 

Adrian, may thus be reckoned one of the ear- 
liest English poets, ft is curious that the third 
line has no rhyme. The review gives the Eng- 
lish version in use in 1400 :— -" Fader oure that 
art: in hevenes, balwed lie thi name, thi kindom 
come to, thi w ide be do in erthe as in hevene : 
our echo daies bredc gife us to dai : and forgife 
us oure dettes as we forgife to oure dettours : 
and leed us nal in to temptacioun, bote dclivere 
us from ivcl." 

The earlier version is more like the Scots dia- 
lect than the later ; and is also surprisingly like 
our own tongue of to-day : more so than is 
Chaucer's or Barbour's. 

The subject recalls an anecdote too good to 
be missed J A friend in the MSS. department 
of the British Museum (who was son of a general 
officer, claimant of a Scottish earldom;, was 
showing me one da)- in [868 the choicest trea- 
sures." 1 asked to see the Sarum Breviary. He 
spoke to a colleague, who after much delay 
brought a thin folio with illuminations. I 
found it to be a thirteenth century romance in 
French. I had some difficulty in convincing the 
gentleman w ho brought it. " We have always 
taken it as the Sarum Breviary," he said. At 
last I did get a sight of tin: real Simon Pure. 
This stoi v is quite incredil >le ; but it happened so. 

A. P. S. 

1 Thai is, a 'Joni uf Heaven, like bishopry, or Krankreich 
i.e., 1 ratice. 


scorns// .votes and queries. 

[September, 1*890. 


( Continued from page .5 1 V 

< 1871. The Dawn qf Peace:: a Good Templar i 
Magazine for thfc north-east of Scotland. Edited 
by James Scrynigeour, acting P.W.C.T (of the 
Olive Leaf Lodge). Vol. I " No. I, August 1st, | 
: r 87 1 . 1 ice ui. Dundee: Printed and pub- 1 
lished by Lawson Brothers, [5 Murraygate (ol 
the Olive Leal' Lodge), A part consisted of 20 
pages, with 8 pages of advertisements anil 
coloured covers. " In the prospectus announc- 
ing t he publication of the Dawn of Peace Maga- 
zine, the proprietors would bespeak the favor of 
the friends of the Temperance movement in the 
north-east of Scotland. Notwithstanding the 
fact of numerous Lodges of Good Templars 
being formed, and about ten thousand members 
made in the district, the friends are in utter 
ignorance of the progress and proceedings of 
the Order in their midst. And while thus 'so 
near and yet so far' from each other are thereby 
deprived of the stimulative influence of brotherly 
connection which proximity and acquaintance 
ought to give. Reports of special meetings and 
proceedings of all the. Templar Lodges, the 
result of the quarterly elections, with the office- 
bearers regularly given. A directory of all the 
lodges, the time and place of meeting, and their 
secretaries, with their addresses, will appear in 
every impression." Continuous articles by the 
Rev. George Gilfillan ; " Poets of the People," 
"Antiquities of Angus and Mearns,'' by ('. S. 
Lawson; "The Rise and Progress of Good 
Templanun in Dundee/' by fames 11. Martin, 
&C..J &c. Only lour numbers issued. 

1S72. The Dundee Pulpit and Religious Re- 
cord. No. 1, Saturday, January 6th, 1^72. 
Price id. No. 14 (the last number), Saturday, 
April, 1872. The Dundee Pit! pit and Religious 
Record contains Lectures, Sermons and Dis- 
courses, delivered in Dundee and the neigh- 
bourhood. Sketches of Loral Churches, Reli- 
gious Intelligence, \e. In the second number 
"The publisher apologises to numerous sub- 
scribers and to the trade, for delays in obtaining 
copies of the first week's issue. The fust im- 
pression was printed on Friday, two separate 
editions printed on Saturday, and .t fourth 
edition 011 Wednesday of the present week 
(12th January, 1872), w hich are now nearly all 
disposed of." An advertisement supplement of 
four pages enclosed the Record. A number 
consisted of sixteen pages, ppst 8vo, and the 
fourteen numbers were paged 1 to 224, Printed 
and published by \Y. Nome, 1 Thorter Row, 
Du ndee. 

1872. The UnSiatHan and Universalis!. A/is- 

sionarv : a Monthly Magazine. Edited by 
Henry Williamson, Dundee. 8vo. Vol. I. 
January, 1872. Price id. 16 pages. Nos. 1 to 
12, 1 58 pages. Part 12, last number ol fust 
series. The Unitarian Missionary, January, 
1 873, No. r new series, only two numbers 
issued. Printed and published for the editor, 
by William Smith, stationer, Ncthcigate, Dun- 
dee. First four parts had blue tinted covers, 
hut owing to the smallness of the circulation, 
ami insufficient advertisements being secured to 
defray (he expenses, it was found necessary to 
abandon them. "To our readers.— After con- 
siderable experience in missionary work, we 
have resolved to attempt the more extensive 
operation of addressing the readers of a maga- 
zine. The name we have selected for our paper 
is in itself descriptive. The 'Missionary' is 
sent forth because we have faith in Unitarian ism. 
We do not profess to be anything but con- 
sistent in giving as freely as we have received 
the good news of a God of infinite absolute 
goodness. A Father, indeed ! A brother-man, 
in [esus, whom we regard as an example. But 
before men reach this position, there are many 
stumbling-blocks to be removed from the way 
'of the seeker after God. As Christians we have 
to face the simple fact that orthodoxy has failed 
to accomplish the work it had taken in hand. 
Shall we stand idly by, and hesitate to offer our 
thought of Christ' to' those who are ignorantly 
perishing for want of the Bread of Life?" One 
of the features of this monthly was a course of 
Study of the Greek New Testament, under the 
heading, "The Greek Testament Class,'' be- 
ginning with the alphabet, and giving a lesson 
in each number. 

1873. The Torch and Dundee Election Journal. 
No. V, Dundee, Saturday, August 2nd, 1873. 
Price Cd. No. 2, August 4th. No. 3, Au- 
gust cth. Si'/e 12'i ins. x 10 ins. Printed and 
published for the proprietors by J. P. Mathew & 
Co., 32 Meadow Entry. This was an ephemeral 
paper issued for the purpose of supporting 
Mr. Fitzjames Stephen, who stood as a candi- 
date for Dundee al the General Election of 1873, 
against Mr. Edward Jenkins and Mr. James 
Yeaman. Its columns are entirely devoted to 
the support of Mr. (now Sir James Fitzjames) 
Stephen, the eminent judge. Three numbers 
appeared, the paper expiring on the election 

1873. The Dundee Almanac. Printed by 
bums P. Mathew .\: Co., Meadowside, and 
afterwards in the Cowgate. This, like the for- 
mer Almanac^ devotes part of its pages to local 
notes. Size *]% ins. x 5 ins. Price id. The 
first nuinber was published in October, 1872, 
and the Almanac, continued to be issued in 



November of each year, until 1882, having an 
existence of eleven years. 

1874. The Christian Monitor, Edited by the 
Rev. Duncan Macgregor, M.A., St. Peter's, 
Dundee, author of Trie Shepherd of Israel, 
Christ's Crown Jewels, etc:., etc, No. 1, Janu- 
ary, 1874. Price one penny. Dundee: Alex. 
Ewan, 26 West Port ; James I'. Mathew & 
Co., PrinterSj Meadowside, Dundee. Post 8vo, 
sixteen pages, blue coloured covers. The object 
of this monthly was to meet the wants oi the 
monitors and those engaged in the Children's 
forenoon Meetings. These services were con- 
ducted by the "Dundee Boys' and Girls' Reli- 
gious Association." The work of this Associa- 
tion has been chiefly directed to the religious 
training of the boys and girls of the neglected 
districts of the town,- in securing their attend- 
ance at the various mission churches, district 
halls, and schoolrooms on the forenoon of the 
Sabbath, where they hear God's word illustrated 
and applied in language suited to their capaci- 
ties ; also gradually to create a church-going 
habit, and train the young to take part 111 the 
public worship of Cod. The religious instruc- 
tion is based on a scheme of subjects prepared 
by the Directors of the Glasgow Foundry [Joys' 
Society. The functions of a monitor were to 
impress upon the young people the benefits to 
he derived by the attendance at the Sabbath 
School, and also the duty of Church attendance 
in the forenoon, to secure regularity, and to 
make their pew a model of good behaviour. 
The February number, published on the 25th 
January, contains ■"an article diverting alien- I 
tion to the desirability of a Sabbath School I 
Teachers' Union being established in Dundee, 
and other interesting matters." Man)- of the 
articles appearing in tins monthly were re- 
printed in pamphlet form. Among these were 
u Family Trainings" Two Lilies Early Gathered," 
"A Mother's Love," etc.. On the cover of No. 
8 — the last number — is an advertisement, which 
gives the following announcement : — "On Sep- 
tember r st will be published the first of a. new 
Series of the Christian Monitor, considerably 
enlarged, printed in doable columns, and 
possessing several new features of general 
interest." Special contributions were promised 
from the Rev. William J. Cox of Panmure 
Street Chapel; Rev. Alexander II. Reid of! 
McCheyne Memorial Chinch; and Rev. Dr. { 
McGavm of Tay Square Church. This new- 
series was newer issued. 

1874. Norriis Dundee Illustrated Weekly. 
A Family Journal of News, Tales, History, Art, 1 
&c. Published by William Nome, 79 Nether- 
gate, Dundee. Price one penny. Weekly. [ 
No. 1, Saturday, May 9th, 1074, size 19.' ins., by j 

13/4 '"s. Eight page s. The second page was 
devoted to local notes and queries and short 
paragraphs on matters relating to Dundee. The 
first number was issued on 9th Ma)-, 1H74. In 
the second number the Editor regrets "that so 
large a number of persons were last week dis- 
appointed in being unable to procure copies of 
the first number of tVornVs Dundee Illustrated 
Weekly. The demand was very mm h greater 
than had been anticipated, and several thousand 
more copies might have been sold had we been 
able to supply them/' The last number of this 
weekly appeared on Saturday, 31st Oct., 1874. 

1874. f.'i "tos a /is Hand rated Dundee Almanac. 
Printed by Lawson Bros., 15 Murraygate, Dun- 
dee. Price id. Only one number issued, con- 
taining a full-page view of the Old Steeple 
restored, the Albert Institute, the Baxter Park, 
and the Tay Bridge from the south side, with 
descriptive letterpress. The centre part printed 

1875. The Dundee Universal Penny Almanac 
and Annual of Political, Historical, and General 
Information for the Year. Published by George 
Morris, 72 High Street, Dundee. This publica- 
tion gave special local events of the year, also 
short biographical notices of local men. Five 
or six numbers were issued. 

1875. The Star of Peace, a Quarterly Rec.ord 
of Gospel Truth, Christian Life, and Work of 
Grace. Dundee, No. r, April, 1875. Price one 
penny. Published by Winter, Duncan & Co., 
Castle Street, Dundee. The fust number was 
printed at the Stirling Observer Office, and 
the subsequent numbers by Winter, Duncan & 
Co., Printers, Dundee. Si/e 10 ins. x 7 % ins. 
Sixteen pages. It was principally through the 
exertions of Mr. Mackison of Dundee, Honorary 
Secretary, and Mr. Stephen Burrows, Superin- 
tendent of the Evangelistic Mission for the 
Highlands and Islands of Scotland, that the 
Star of Peace had us origin. In the address to 
the readers, Mr. Burrows says :— "The grateful 
remembrance of years spent in religious work, 
more especially in the northern counties of Scot- 
land, induces us, in humble dependence on the 
blessing of (aid and the guidance of His Holy 
Spirit, to send forth this silent messenger of 
Peace and glad tidings, m the hope that it may 
awaken a deeper interest in Divine things." 
Several articles were reprinted from this publica- 
tion, ami issued in a series under the title of the 
Star oi Peace Tracjts. Among these were — "A 
Voice from Niagara," by Rev. John Macpherson, 
Dundee ; l> Not Too Young to be Saved," by W. 
Mackison ; "The Way of Salvation," by Rev. 
I). ( '. Ross, Appin ; " The Prisoner Ransomed," 
by S. Burrows; "My Bible," by Ellen H. 



Willis, and others by Rev. Joseph Hay, Leth- 
endy, and Rev. George Campbell, Glasgow. 

1876. The Dundee Distributor. (A Wesleyan 
Magazine.) A Monthly Journal. Our motto is 
"The friertd of all, the enemy of none/' No. I, 
January, 1876. One Penny. Printed by F. E. 
Longley, 36 Warwick Lane, London. Size io'> 
ins. x 1 1 lj, eight pages. This was a journal 
in the interests of the Wesleyan body. The 
first and fourth pages were devoted to adver- 
tisements and local matters relating to Dundee. 
The Rev. James Fletcher, of Victoria Road 
Wesleyan ('Impel, took charge of hook reviews, 
donations in aid of the gratuitous circulation of 
the paper, and applications for grants at reduced 
rates. The advertisement department was eon- 
ducted by Mr. P. MPLean, 7 Tay Square, and 
the trade was supplied by .Mr. Alexander Ewen, 
West Port; The circulation was 2000 monthly, 
being distributed cue month at the west end, 
and the other month at the east. 

1876. The Evening News. No. I, Published 
every afternoon at 3 and 4.30. Dundee, Tues- 
day, March 28, 1876. Price one halfpenny. 
Size 24 x [6, four pages. Printed and published 
at the office of the Evening News, 19 Cowgate, 
Dundee, by Peddic, Hutchison & Co. This was 
the hist evening newspaper for Dundee and 
district. The originators were Mr. fas. Peddic 
and Mr. W. S. Hutchison. In introducing this 
paper they ^ay that it originated from "a general 
desire having been expressed by the people of 
Dundee that they should have the day's news 
presented to them in brief on the day ot' its oc- 
currence, At present only .1 limited class in 

1 d 1 in 

exchanges, cl 
vilege of being fully 
with the news of the d 
ment <>f an Evening 
interest of all classes • 
fied, and tin: w 
merchant prince 
know infif that he 


1111s enjoy the pn- 
icquainted by telegrams 
iy ; 1 nit by the establish- 
Journal for Dundee the 
\ ill be legitimately grati- 
man ccjually with the 
have the satisfaction of 
le acquainted with ever)' 
nperial, or local import- 
' is sfuidinir principles 

e\'cnt 01 worki-w m< , in 
ance published that day, 
will be impartiality, independence and common- 
sense." The Evening News continued to be 
published for three years, the last number being 
for March 13th, 187';. 

1876. The Dundee Railway Time Table with 

the Railwa) r ares. 1 
I). R. Clark & Son, 
Street, Dundee. Ho. 
penny, by post three 
X 3<j ins. Orange 
Time Table has 1 »cen 
month since tha.t time 

'rinted and Pubhsl 

Caledonian Hall, 
1 , J une, 1 8?6. Pii 
halfpence. Size 5 



1 itncd < 1 
,hed rej 


1 b) 

ordinary Railway information, a Memorandum 

Diary. It has a very large circulation in Dun- 
dee and district, 

1876. The Meigle House Literary and Scientific 
Journal, afterwards The Hirbertshire Castle 
Literary and Scientific Journal. Si/e 8J2 ins. 
by 5 /2 ins. 8vo. A number consisted of thirty- 
two pages with, stiff coloured covers. Published 
twice a year. No. 1, June, 1876, continued until 
December, 1887, that being the last number 
published. This magazine was printed by John 
Leng & Co., Dundee Advertiser Office, for the 
Literary and Scientific Society, and was edited 
by three of its members. The Honorary Presi- 
dent was Mr. Thomas Ric hard Wilson, and the 
society consisted of 18 ordinary and 16 honorary 
members. The first three numbers of this paper 
were issued from the Meigle House Educational 
Establishment, the Principal being Mr. Wilson. 
The Institution having been removed to Herbert- 
shire ( 'astle, the J ournal was issued in 1 lecernber, 
1877, under the new title The Herberts/lire Castle 
IMerary and Scientific Journal. 

1877. " The Herbert shire Castle Literary and 
Scientific Journal, see The Meigle J louse JJie- 
rury ami Scientific Journal. 

Alexander C. Lamb. 

( To be continih J. ) 

I read in the Saturday Review for June 28th, 
"■placing him below the Queen's youngest 
son, and interposing, on paper though not in 
person, the infant Duke of Albany, the only 
oilier grandson of the Queen who is not as 
J yet .1 peer, between him and the Archbishop of 
! Canterbury ." Here, obviously, the author wrote, 
" who is as yet a peer," which P.. obviously true. 
Then comes the Genius who in printing-offices 
is the official monitor of ignorant waiters, and 
thinks to himself, thinks he " Why, this can't 
be right 1 the poor gentleman has left out a 
word —Aft in/out eaiit be a peer"/ On which 
fahe basis he sticks in "not," and produces the 
most hideous hash in Pieland. 

There is a reflection the Saturday does not 
make, which is the great weight of titles the new 
Duke will bear if he becomes " Prince of W ales 
and Scotland, Lord of the Isles, Duke of Corn- 
wall, Clarence and Avondale, Karl of Dublin, 
Chester, and Athlone. Baron Renfrew"— not to 
mention others, siich as Duke of Saxe-Coburg 

" !t may be suggested," says the Saturday 
(Chronicle) "that 'and Avondale,' while ad- 
mitted in the most handsome way, be taken as 
written and. spoken on most occasions." This 
seems to trench on disobedience to her Ma- 
jesty's commands, as signified. A. P. S. 

September, 1B90. j 'SCOTTISH NOTES and queries. 


some rhymes and sayings of 


In the following notes I have endeavoured to 
rescue from certain oblivion some oi the rhymes 
and sayings once only too familiar to me. Very 
few games in my childhood but had si mie rhymes 
attached to them, without which it was useless 
to attempt playing them. Nowadays many of 
these old games have passed out of existence, 
yielding reluctantly to the superior attractions 
of football and cricket. Here and there, in bye- 
lanes and quiet places, some old rhymes still 
linger, but one must be very cautious in taking 
as genuine every strange jingle one may hear ; 
very probably the rhyme is but the chorus of the 
iatest music hall success, enjoying its brief spell 
of popularity. As it is, 1 am conscious that I 
myself may have erred in this direction, but I 
can at least claim that all the rhymes I quote 
enjoy, as rhymes go, a respectable antiquity. 
They are all as familiar to me as my alphabet, 
and I have said or sung them all for a greater 
number of times than I could mention. 

Some of these rhymes are epitomes of childish 
wisdom ; others, again, are so hopelessly inane, 
that one must perforc e smile at them. Some 
preserve the hoary beliefs of a pagan antiquity, 
and as such must be interesting to all students 
of popular beliefs and customs ; others are in- 
explicable enigmas, without either rhyme or rea- 
son, before which the riddle of the Sphinx pales 
into utter insignificance. I have not preserved 
any method in my arrangement ; as the rhymes 
e.uue to in\ memory 1 jolted them down, and 1 
give them here without attempting or wishing to 
explain their meaning. 

In the days before spikes on the bad* rail of 
cabs were invented, there was no greater plea- 
sures to us youngsters than a free ride in that 
perilous position. Little time, however, had we 
to enjoy it : the warning cry would come from 
some envious companion: " WUip akin, ycr 
horse is btin? and. if we w ere not smart, -cabby's 
whip would be tingling about our ears. 
revenge had we if the informer were bigger than 
Olirselves? None, except to retort at a safe 
distance: 11 Clvfric, clypie % clash pit'/" to which 
would come the answer : 

14 Sticks ;\n«l stanes 'ill brftk' my banes, 
but names ill never hurt me," 
which rhyme 1 would advise all Society papers 
to adopt as then' motto. 

Hut the sworn enemy of childhood is the 
policeman, that wtetder of unknown terrors. 
When we encountered that august personage, 
we .seldom, w hether innoi enl or guilty, courted 
an interview. His appearance was the signal 
for a scattering of our company in all directions; 

not even that dogma of childhoods faith, that a 
policeman never runs, could save us from wild 
flight. When we had run about half-a-mile, and 
thought ourselves safe from pursuit, we made 
the an' hideous with this rhyme, which we always 
thought roused the unfortunate policeman to 
j uncontrollable frenzy : 

" Tafrj hut, tarry hat, yer hat's nae yer ain, 
Ye stole it fae an auld niannie comin' doun the 
i lane !" ■. 

The weather always exercised great influence 
i over our plays : we were not very interested 
i then in anything beyond ourselves, and in the 
j long summer days the slightest sign of rain 
1 would send as all singing up and down the 
pavement : 

" Rainie, rainie, rattle stands, dinna rain on me, 
Rain on John O'Groat's house, far ower the sea !" 

in which we displayed alarming ignorance of 
the geography of our country. Then, with the 
happy philosophy of childhood, when the rain 
did come on, w e made the best of a bad job by 
singing : 

" A fine simmer sh curie 
Cam' doon fae Inverurie." 
Though rain was always more or less disliked, 
we always welcomed the snow with delight. It 
brought in its train a countless number of plea- 
sures, and well deserved the invocation we inva- 
riably addressed to it : 

" Sweetie wifie, sweetie wifie, ding doon sua', 
Ding doon a bunder an' I'll catch them a'," 

I which we accordingly attempted to do, by turn- 
i ing our bonnets inside out and catching the flakes 
in them as the)' fell. 

A snowy hogmanay night was unbounded joy. 
j We looked forward to the morrow and its num- 
I berless visits to the toy and candy shops. With 
j the laudable wish of augmenting our little store 
i of cash, we would join hands and march down 
j the street in a line singing Instil) : 

" Rise up, gu id wife, an' shak' yer feathers, 
Dihna think that we .ire beggars — 
We're good children come to play. 
Rise up and gie's qui hogmanay, 
Out feel's caul', our sheen's thin, 
( lie's a piece an' lat's riii. 
Ycr drawer's fu' n' money, 
Vet h>a tic's fu' O 1 beer, - - 
Rise up ami gi'e's our hogmanay, 
And we'll wish you a happy New Year !" 
It is worth while examining this rhyme. Ob- 
serve the tender flattery of the guidwife ad- 
dressed, then the modest mention of our own 
j merits. All objections are overcome one by one. 
I We appeal to the guidwife's' charity,- and then, 
j in case she may plead poverty, we own her 
I wealth is known to us ; and then, as one last 


SCOTTISH NOTES AND QUERIES. [September, j8 9 o. 

appeal, we offer her our blessing on the new 
year, the converse proposition of course holding 
good, that, if she does riot propitiate us, we may 
do the reverse. Though, to be honest, I must 
own that neither rhyme nor implied threat ever 
had much effect in the proper direction : rather 
was it another case of more kicks than halfpence. 
Hut we did not care : the kicks were quickly 
forgotten, and if any of us were ever lucky enough 
to get a penny, we all shared in his good fortune, 
and the wonderful story w as told year after year 
to each succeeding generation of childhood. 


From Ancient Recor 

(See S, A 7 . O. 

1 6th Februai 
produced 1 1 


s of Justiciary, <.K;c. 

Vol. i,p. io6.) 

l6oo. — Craig of Craigstoun 
Majesty's respeit for the slaughter 
of Patrick Forbes of Cairnhill, in Turriff parish, 
and found caution to satisfy the deccast nearest 
of kinn. , 
Craig was the author of Jus Feitdalc, and 
the effect of a remission contested for a respite 
was only a kind of nole prosequi for nineteen 
or a certain number of years, w hereas a remis- 
sion is indefinite or rather absolute and total. 
It does not appear what followed. 
31st Jul;,', [6ll.— Moses Fa and three others 
of that name delaitet for abiding within the 
Kingdom, the)' being Egyptians, contrary to Act 

houses, particularly of the house and lands of 
Aberuchlie. Convict 22nd June, 1613. 

30th March, 1613. — NeiH Macleod, son natural 
to Rorie MacLeod of Lewes, delaytit for burn- 
ing diverse houses in the Lewes, built by Bal- 
conice, Wormiestoun, and others, and for certain 
points of thift and stealth riff. Convict. 

N.I>. He was taken by Sir Kory McKenzy 
of Tarbet, who married the heiress >>f Lewes. 

1st December, 1613. — Robert Erskine, son to 
John Erskine, ap pa rand of Dun, delaytit of 
poisoning his brother's twa sons b) poison and 
witchcraft, that by their destruction he might 
conn,' toth'.t possession of the Estate of Dun. 
The- dittay setts forth that the pannell, in order 
to get possession of the Estate of Dun, did, 
with his three sisters, consult with one Irvine, a 
notour win h, how to destroy the said twa boys, 
who accordingly gave them some poisonable 
herbs to infuse in a drink, which being done and 
given to them, the eldest boy shortly thereafter 
dyed in great pain, and the other still languished, 
so that there were little hopes of his recovery. 

The Assyze upon his own judicial confession, 
fylit him, whereupon he was doomed to be be- 

22nd June, 1614. — Hellen, Ann and Isobell 
Erskines, sisters to the Laird of Dun, convict 
of poisoning and consulting with w itches for the 
death of twa of her brother's soils. Decollat. 
Hellen was banished ; the others sentence of 
death, but c 

of I'ai li.uiicn 

The pan 
him frae tl 

t h 
1, .Mo 
• Ton 

need a 


Answered by the advocate that the licence 
produced contained many conditions which are 
not performed, particularly he was to find c aution, 
and having found caution and contravened his 
conditions, hi^ cautioner was charged with horn- 
ing* and denounced rebel-] for not payment of the 
sum in that Bond. 

The Jury found and declared ilk ane bf them 
to be notorious Egyptians, at least to be swa 
holden and repute, and to be f\ lit, culpable, and 
convict of contravening the Act of Parliament 
lybelled on. Whereupon they were doomed to 
the hard sentence ©f being hanged at a gibbit. 

28th July, 16(2. Gregor Iiig M 'Gregor, and 
other nine of that name, delayted for several 
horrid crimes, such as several great lairships of 
oxen and ewes, binning the haill houses in the 
Barron y of Aberuchlie, burning three young 
girlls in one of these houses, and foi killing 
several people in Luss Lands. Convict and sus- 

Six more of the name of M'Gregor delaytit 
of several murders, lairships, and burning of 

Tin advent of steamers and tourists has done 
much to de aioy man)' of the superstitions which 
existed at one time among the Western Isles. 
At times, however, there 'does occur a case in 
which the old sphit seems revived. A year 
ago, the cows of a woman belonging to the 
island of Eigg ceased giving the usual amount 
of milk, and the conclusion arrived at by their 
owner was, that they ha,d been bewitched. An- 
other young woman was blam< d a:, the medium ; 
she was accused of making use of an ev il spirit, 
which was often seen hovering about, and to 
which, strangely enough, was given the name of 
a visitor to the island. The reason alleged for 
this unwarranted liberty was that the name was 
new. The ghost being the same, the two lilted 
admit ably. It \^ but fair to add. that the woman 
herself was the only 'believer in the supernatural 
origin of the ailment of her animals. 

On the smith side of Eigg the graves oi two 
"giants" are pointed out. From their length, 
their occupants must have been almost eight 
feet in height. Que. railed Chaste}, 1 lived near 

' L-tugli Miller, in his Cruw 0/ tJie. Hetsy. -.urniises thai what 
is now termed Castle fsland vein named from its being at one 



the present pier, afid the other, whose name was nify happiness, and ejtjoyment, (though such 
Toustal, at Gruilin. They quarrelled over some | things frequently go in company). Hohores 
matter or other, and eventually a combat was : docs not mean honour^ hut ho/wurs—A very 
arranged between them. Both were killed in different thing. It seems strange that such in- 
fight, and their neighbours buried the champions terpretations < an have found their way into the 
where they fell. account of the tombstone, sftice the oilier matter 

Another giant flourishes in local tradition, concerning the tomb is perfectly correct, and 
but his residence was on the mainland. On on 



1, start- 

occasion he went on a t< 

in;^ somewhere from the neighbourhood of I done. 
Moid-art. His first step was on to the island of ' Lo 
Eigg, near Laig, where a loch exactly of the j 
shape of a human tout occupies the spot where 

Douglas Travesties to which ace added Poems 
and Songs, chiefly in the Broad Scottish Dialect, 

his was set (l< >wn, ami attests 
story. 1 lis next step took him 1 

Rum and Carina, ng 
dark." Of such giga 
water of the strait I 


His next step broil] 
1 Hebrides, 

truth of the 
va\ bet wee n 
: > mountains 
was he that the 
up to Ins ankle, 
st, in the Outer 

te translations of the Latin epitaphs on other 
>mbs, so fai as I am able to judge, seem well 

1). Seton. 

London, 7th August, irko. 

A French Invasion Eighty-seven Years 
\GO (Vol. IV., p. 55/.- In a small volume- 4 — 

by ( leorgc Smith, Aberdeen, US24- will be found 
the song " Bonaparte and John Bull"- air, The 
Blythsome Bridal. Some of the spellings, and 
the order in which the verses are placed, differ 
from the copy by "J. I.)." in August No. of 
Any one who has passed a calm, hot day in j \. .\'. &-> (J., and the 'following four lines are not 

the neighbourhood will appreciate this story, quoted by him : 

It is said that a man, who had offended in some j 
way, was stripped of his clothes. Ills hands 
and feet were tied, and lie was then laid oui m 

the open air. So 
their ministrations, 

ntive w ere the : 
it he died afts 

W. [. Caldek 

iiciges in 
a short 

' I hae some pretty cogs at Boulogne, 
At Brest, and at Toulon, ;in<l a 1 ; 
Ye'll wel the sma' end o' your niogan 
before ye get them ca'd awa'," 
duff. I 

Epitaph on James 

(Vol. I., p. 70 ; IV., p. I 
the curn-nt number i >f .' 
e\t raordinary translatio 

;- Mr. J. Cameron, in 
'\'. &* Q., corrects the | 
•eiven. Vol. I., n. 70, 




an llu 
n fam 
»f Willi 

) uhnsturt, w hu h, 
It, \\ ere w ritlen as 
of Pitmeddcn, a 
of Meldrum, and 

Macleans of Leiure.— W here can I find 
Lint oi this family, and i 1 ^ descendants <>f 
nd Islay? ' L C. 


a niiin 

to 1 he woo 
although v 
an epitapj 
younger st 

my ancestor, lie died in 1628, having lived, 
(for anything we know t>> the contrary,) as hap 
pily and contentedly as any other man oi his 
time. Allow me lo state the case plainly. The 
words of Arthur Johnston, as quoted, are— 

" Queni tegit hie cespes, last 11 Setonus honores 
Divitias luxu posse carere doeet," 

which I had translated m the same sense as 

Mr. Cameron does. ''Seton, whom this turi 

(.overs, teaches that honours can exist without 

arrogance, (and) riches without ostentation." 

Allowing for the stilted language in fashion in , 

, , I ami Que/ 
merely that , , 

.'m m iiyakp ok fcLSlCK, KINCARDINE- 
ln a recent visit to this place, I was shown 
1 nf small egg-shaped holes on two natural 
usl appearing above the ground. No one 


Arthur Johnston's time, it means me 
James Seton, in spite- of wealth and honours, 
was a plain unpretending man. As to the trans- 
lation on P. 70, Vol; I., any good dictionary 
would show that Fastus and Luxus do not .sm- 

aning, but ii was supposed that 
the)' might have l:een made by way of penance. I 
should be very glad if any reader could explain. 


459. Apprentices Fed on Salmon. — I read the 
othei day ok a curious custom which is said to have 
prevailed along the \alley of the Severn. It was, 
that in indentures a clause was inserted, to the effect 
that tlit master was not to feed his apprentices with 
salmon on more than three clays in the week. A 
reward oi /. 5 was offered a few years ago by Notes 
for an indenture containing such a clause, 
oeared to claim the reward. I should 

tlmfe tlic .010 erf n fart, Local tnuJiuvn, however, says that the 
island owes Us name to the firsi ol these two heroes, ies original 

like to know ii such a custom was ever prevalent in 
Scotland, and if so, when ami where? J'. C. 


460. DiD the Druids offer Human Sacri- 
1 n e ?— Being with a small party inspecting some 
Druids' Circles, near Portlethen, Kincardineshire, the 

name being Kllaii .CtiaMol or Chastos Island, and that tin; in- • • , . ' , ', 1 

troductionol .he wo.d. "of the" in the uuni " bland of the I gentleman who was taking us over the ground, a very 
Castle," was an afterthought.— (See 6\ N, &> Q., 1 J., 82, n. 4. [intelligent man, Scouted the idea that the Druids ot 

7 6 


fered human sacrifice. As tradition has it that such 
had been done, it is highly desirable that it should be 
cleared up, if possible. As human sacrifice among 
uncivilized tribes is not unknown at the present day, 
our forefathers might, have done the same, but it 
would be pleasant to think that such was not the case. 


393. The Pen-NY; Post (III., 141; IV., y)). - 
The earliest reference 1 can find to the establishment 
of a system of local penny postage is contained in an 
Act passed ill Queen Anne's reign. The exact terms 
of the enactment arc, kl f or the port of all and every 
the letter.-, and packets by the carriage .called the 
penny post, established and settled within the Cities 
of London and Westminster and Borough of South* 
wark and parts adjacent, and to he received and de- 
livered within ten English miles distant from (he said 

General Letter Office in London, one penny." (9 
Anne, c. 10). Some doubt afterwards arose as to the 
legality of those who lived within this ten miles radius 
giving the messenger an extra penny, on the ground 
tltat he had to employ a horse in carrying the letters. 
Parliament accordingly passed a special Act (4 ( leo. 1 [. , 
c. 33), that no penalty should be exacted fortius 
seeming.contravenlion of the original statute, and ac 
tually legalizing the detention of the letter until the 
extra charge was paid. 5 Geo, III., c. 25, provides 
for the carrying a letter for a distance " not ex- 
ceeding one whole post stage from the office where 
such letter may be put in," for the sum of one penny, 
ami at the same time enacts, " that it shall and ma)' 
be lawful to and lor the Post .Master General for the 
time being, and his deputy and deputies by him there- 
unto sufficiently authorised, to settle and establish an 
office to be called '/'■'.. t V ; r Post Ofiet in any city 
01 town and ihe suburbs thereof and places adjacent 
within the Kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland 
and the British Dominions in America, where Mich 
posts shall by the Post Master General be adjudged 
necessary and convenient, and to demand, have, re- 
ceive, and take the same rate, and sums for the post- 
age and conveyance by the carriage called the Penny 
Post established and settled within the cities of 
London and Westminster and borough of Suuthwai k 
and parts adjacent." The appointment also ol those 
who were to have charge' of these penny post offices 
was left in the hands of the Post Master General. 
All who made collections " without licence or leave" 
were liable to certain penalties. Section [4 of the 
same Act limited the weight to be carried by the p amy 
post at 4 02. except "such letters or packets as have 
first come by post to the General Post Office or shall 
be passing by the said carriage called the Penny Post 
into the said General Post Office." The distance- for 
which letters could be carried for one penny was 
further extended by 24 Leo. III. c. 37, It may be 
well to give the exact terms of the Act as far as it re- 
lated to Scotland " L01 the post and conveyance- of 

every single letter conveyed or carried by post from 
the General Post Office in the city of Edinburgl , and 
in that part of Great Britain called Scotland, oi from 

hence to the said General Post Office in the said city 
of Loudon, and to and from Dumfries and Cock burns* 
path, and between either ol places and the said 
city of Edinburgh, the sum of one penny .... 
and for the post and conveyance of every single letter, 
conveyed or carried by the post above one post stage, 
and not exceeding 50 Knglish miles distant from the 
office, when such letters may be put in within that 
part of the said Kingdom of Great Britain called Scot- 
land, the sum of one penny .... and for the 
| post and conveyance of every single letter conveyed 
or carried by the post above 50 Knglish miles, and not 
I exceeding 80 Lnglish miles distant from the office, 
I where such letter may be put m within that part of 
the said Kingdom of Great Britain called Scotland, the 
j sum ol one penny .... and for the post and 
I conveyance of every single letter conveyed or carried 
j by the post above 80 English miles arid not exceeding 
j 150 English miles distant from the office where such 
letter may be put in within that part of the said 
Kingdom of Great Britain called Scotland, the sum of 
j one penny," From the phraseology of 9 Anne, c. to, 
I do not think that the legal recognition of the penny 
postal system is made for the first time, but I have 
been unable to trace it further. The date of Peter 
Williamson's -settlement in Edinburgh is given at 
1762 or three years before the passing of 5 Geo. III. 
C. 25. C an he have been merely one of those licenced 


Act ? ft this be so, then there k 


»f an L 


on th 




mem in his establishment ol the system in Edinburgh. 
But Williamson was a specially interesting character, 
and the following particulars may not be can of place. 
In 1789 he was compelled to institute proceedings for 
his wife, Jean Wilson, the daughter 
bookseller, and alter decree had been 
.• a pamphlet of sixty-four pages to 
ion and character. So reduced was 
b) his w ile's misconduct, that he was 
■ poor's roll before proceeding with 
Williamson endeavoured to procure 
in in order to defend herself from the 
t against her, slating that "he carries 
itive business, as ma ter of a well esta- 
»f!iee, which brings him in ready 
the day and enables him to have 
ail) in dispersing letters, to each 
i and sixpence weekly" 
his Williamson states that 
men he "learned that .Mrs. 
ean enough to enter into a 
whereby she was enable;! to 
for her own private purposes little short 
ol threc4ourths of the whole profits of the penny post " 
(p. 39), and adds that "the petitioner and hei father 
have set lip a penny post in opposition to the re- 
spondent's" (p. .| 1 ). Phe earliest reference I can find 
to his having been pensioned by Government is in the 
.S'oVj' Magaztne for January, 1709, in a short obituary 
notice of him. lie could not have been enjoying the 
pension at the date of hi.-., divorce (17891, or his w ife 
would assuredly have mentioned it in her statement of 
his income. 1'erhaps some one will settle the matter 
by unearthing the date and amount of, and the reason 

for, the pension, J. Cai.dek k<>ss. 

1 a very lucrative 
ished penny post 
>ncy every hour 
tir men employed 
w hom he pays four shillin 


\\ illiamson had been n 
combination with them 


SEPTEMBER, 1890.] 



422. "Thk White Kirk of Buchan" (III., 
190). —The Church of Tyrie, seems to have been 
a very ancient edifice, as we read in MacfaHane's 
Geographical Collections, dated 1723. "This kirk 
is said to be the oldest in ibis diocie, being short, and 
high walled, like a chappell." ft was built of stone, 
which was then uncommon. The walls, we arc told, 
Were built with run lime 1 -was called the "While 
Kirk of liuchan." It had for its tutelar .-aim St. 
Andrew. It is .said to have been a resting-place of 
pilgrimage. Dr. Henry, the historian, informs us 
that the Queen Dowager of James I. proposed 
visiting the Church "f fyrie. There are circum- 
stances, however, which raised a doubt as to the 
accuracy of the statement. 2 

7 Madeira Place, Ceith. W illiam THOMSON. 

437. St. Columija (IV., 18).— In his reply (IV., 
yd. Mr. W. Thomson is not very accurate in his 
statements, or, at least, very high in his authorities, 
hut he might have recited truly St. Columba's own 
actions. From the fragment quoted by St. Adam- 
nan, St. Columba could not have been transcribing 
the Vulgate version of the Psalms, or one derived 
from the Septuagint, but 1 >ne that is more closely allied 
to bur Authorised and Revised Versions. St. Adam- 
nan gives only a few words as the last the Saint had 
copied out:— [nquirentes autem Dominum non de- 
ficient omni bono," which is sufficiently rendered— 
"They that seek the [.bni shall want no maimer of 
tiling that is good" M's. xxxiv. 10). Mr* Thomson 
has not looked at the original life, and he quotes 
Words which St. Col it ni ha possibly never saw. The 

November 27th, but in France and Spain it was No- 
vember 30th, because in these countries the new style 
or Gregorian calendar had been accepted. Mr. Ro- 
bertson's observed fact is true, that the 171I1 and 19th 
centuries correspond exactly, day for day, and yet in 
some hands it may be most untrue when it is sought 
to be applied. They do not correspond according to 
either the Julian calendar or the GregorianJ but the 
17th century according to the fulian calendar agrees 
with the [pth century according to the Gregorian 
Calendar. Krom our change of style in 1 7 52 each 
century has the same Sunday letter throughout, but 
the Masters are different : Master in 1687 (old style) 
was March 27th, and in 1887 'new style) April ioih, 
w here in both cases B is the Sunday letter. Hut in 
f ranee the Master ol 1O.S7 (new style) was March 30, 
and E was the Sunday letter, s 1 that 27th November 
was a Thursday, and 
was the 30th of th 
trifles like these tl 

East T 

before said, the last .Sunday 
month. It is on attention to little 
it historical accuracy depends. 
Tames GammaCk., LL.D. 

1 on 1 

NEK 01 

in his Lauded Gentry 
wives of Sir 1 1 
as follows : 
ito a baronv ii 

both the 
erected i 


if Ph 

by w 


lUvues eguerunt et 
gale, which St, ("ohm 

Fur the informafioi 
Ned Of the Nme Ho 

St. Columba ; and ti < 
give a correction, a 
y bet w een Gai tan a 
S(. Columba never v\ a 
this is St. Columba's 
larly given to Iona. 
June, 597. 
East Toronto. 

are from the Yul- 

a w as not usmy 
■I I). J I. V. L 

r of 

a Lo 
of Lord Ph 
lvlizabelh Ti 

OUt issue, 17 
relative, the 

Phesdo (IV., 38).— Burke, 
for 1S58, makes mention of 
in and Sir James Falconer of 
The lands of Phesdo were 
1672, in favour of Sir James 
sir (ohn Falconer [/// Agnes 
jstlo, warden of the Mint in Scotland, 
lands were surrendered in that year to 
L 'his Sir lames Falconer was appointed 
ion in 1689, and took the judicial title 
lo. Me died in 1705. Me married 


, and had is,iie, Joh 
, leaving the lands 
in. Captain t leome 1 





cmk\ he called Col a ink i We ; 
, and is a name that is popu- 
js death took place on 9th 
AMl'-S ( 1 AM MA< k, LL.'J). 

438. Path W'anii 1. (IV., 38, 59). -The last Sun- 
day in .November, 1687, was different according; lo 
the locality and the calendar Used; In Hritain it was 


under a 
Mich 1 il; 
how ou 
while a 
found 1 
now oi 

I ml) pi 


-// ///< 


Ml w. (IV., 

Eiffitct'nih C 
e, +« Tenants' 


blished by th 
:.i I yrie." Wi 

Mn the volume of ".Sculptured Rtowci 
Spalding Club, we have a drnwing-af "the 
rear! of this stone in ihe N«mt .Statistical report,.thai ' 
tip th : foundation wf ihu old church (a building' n.0-1 1 
ably «•>! ting long previous to 1593, the eldest date I. 
MdtXI pews) there was found deposited in the n< 
Corner, as (he foundation-stone, .1 rough, unhewn 
in. .. of 1 luc clayLsh inica-sCunc w iih a hieroglyphic or other 
ffcute, which has puzzled" the conjectures of the most learned of 
OOf ;,iai()(!.i. ics." 

• W« taurn (.•.mJDrmniiu.ijd of Haw.tharnd.en, iu hiss History 
i ' .>> i m i, 01.1t tlic Queen Dowitge'r of King janies [., "to 
countenance her pl< i yrivtrti out a pilgrimage to the White Kirk 
of Itinh.iiv" Hut tf«ct>r Ijoeihius s.ivs that : i . i -> shrine 
could tcgnsely have been in the Parish Church ol Tyri< . which 
*c know 1 was dedicated to Saint Andrew die Apostle, white die 
QUCC«'f pilgrimage • wc are told, to the chapel of the 
Htei-fcd virgin: ai l.Ulue Virghms aedem (albui 
Vocftht DOstr ..(•■■■). Hoet. Scot. Hist. lib. xviii., f 157, 

wheat h 
now ha 
species c 


, win 
.!' I'h 
Ll I Tl El'lKLOT. 

In Scotland and 
)•, there is treated, 
I." 1'ci haps " St. 
not object to a little information of 
grandfathers lived, in the olden times, 
line time Answering his query may he 
■ the general .hotly of readers:- And 
1 of our tenants which the} 1 ate in a 
inannet at the same table with their 
eal pottage was once esteemed a luxury 
of people, 1 bear-meal being generally 
or I ><.:ti -i>ie. id. was a capital article, 
>eirtg now mor< common in farmeis' 
at cakes were formerly. In limes of 

course was hau to interior Kinos vvmcn are 
My forgotlen, viz, :— grey meal, i.e., a 
ipounded ol oatmeal and mill-dust ; others 
I egger meal, consisting ol ec-iual portions 
50, and hear meal. The latter look its use 
leggars mixing dilfeicnt lands in the same 
bag. To some palates ii is said not to have been 
unpleasant. WILLIAM THOMSON. 

7 Madeira Place, Leith. 



1 Ii 


last century, as Robert Buchanan and James 
Chiystie, tenants in Muir, were parsing one morning through 
Stirling, they spied children eating oatmeal pottage, "Ah!" 
said the one to the other " when will wc ^ct that to eat V* 



445. Aigar-meal is meal made of grain > I ric< 1 very 
much in a pot, ami ground in a quern or hand-mill. 
Edgar is the half-roasted, half-ground grain, <>f which 
burston is made. Rurston is a dish composed of corn, 
roasted by rolling hot stones amongst it till it he made 
quite browp, then half-ground and mixed with sour 
milk. See [amieson's Dictionary. In trying to oh- 
tain information on this subject, I have met with only 
one person who remembers having heard ol Aigar* 
meal. She hail many times heard her mother with 1 
several old people telling that when children, on i 
in hungry at dinner time, it would he said to | 


them— " You are coming in for your Aiger-meal." 
This, she supposed, referred to their hunger and 
eagerness for dinner, hut, no doubt, it had reference 
rather to the sour milk mi.xcti with meal, and to the 
hasty brose which frequently formed the repast, —the 
brose made of brose meal, named hasty brose because 
quickly prepared. By writing with some fulness, 
embracing Graddan and other kindred and incidental 
matter, and giving etymologies, I£gger : meal, dry 
though it looks, might be made by some corres- 
pondents of .V. iV. 
interesting paper. 

Black M< 

Q. . the .subject of a very 
J. C. 

446. " 1SI.ACK MONDi 

an astronomical origin ? 
his valuable little work 

" A.i'. 1652, April 8. 
vas total in Scotlai 

says :- 
sun th 

1 ill not get another in any 
gntury. The eclipse of 165: 
»f 'black Monday' for a lor 
I may add that the phrase 

v (IV., 57). -Has not this 
Die Rev. S. J. Johnson, in 
Eclipses l\nt and Future, 
he last eclipse of the 
Our Sc<3N;h neigh- 

tun ty till the 
went by the 
while after- 
• black Mon- 

day" (Dydd Llun Du) is 
the same connection. 

446. lCaslcr Nbvnday 
from its extraordinai v da 
which many men and hi 
before Paris perished. 

ame to be knov 
ol Venice " 'A. 

or w 

cm rent in Wales in 
Mfi\ K 


Arthur mer, ts k.a.s. 

, 14th Apiil ljoo, so called 
ikness and inclemency, undei 
>rses of Edward III.'s army 
Hence Momla\ after Easter 
mi as Black-Monday. " The 
Merchant of Venice" (A. ii. ; sc. v.) Launcelot Gobbo, 
the Clown, says: It was not for nothing that my nose 
fell ableeding on black-Monday last, at six o'clock i' 

the morning, falling out that year on Ash-Wednesday 
was four year, in the afternoon." Sir W. Forbes, 
referring to the day of the suspension of payment by the 
banking-house ol the meteoric Aberdonian, Alexander 
Fordyce, says it was emphatically called the black 
Monday. {Memoirs of a Banking- House p. .\\.) 
It was on Wednesday, 10th [une, 1772, that Fordyce's 
bank stopped. The following Monday was, however, 
literally a financial Black Monday in IDdinhurgh. 
Many other days of disaster have been so named. 

W. W. 

446. For references to " lilack Monday" i'idt 
Stoic's Chromdt, also Chambers* Ju>ok of Days, vol. 
l xi page 510. f. C. 


446. The following, inter alia, is taken from Dr. 
brewer's I'ictionary of Phrase and Fable: "black 
Monday- -Kebruaty 27th, 1865 -was so called in 

Melbourne from a terrible sirocco from the N.N.W., 
which produced dreadful havoc between Sandhurst 
and Castlemaine." P. C. 


448. Macokegor Family (IV,, 57), — In reply to 
your Correspondent J. M'G., I furnish the following, 
which may aid him in his enquiries : — 

I. Capt. John Gregor (not Afaci Sregor) must have 
been settled in Inverness at least as early as 1764. I 
find thai on 27th December of that year he was elected 
to the honourable position of the Right Worshipful 
Master of St. John's Kilwinning Lodge of Freemasons 
here. Lor the long period of ten years he continued 
to he annually elected to the same position. In 1774 
he was presented by the Brethren with a gold medal 
and the thanks ol the lodge for his past scr\ices. 
Again, on the 6th February, 1776, the following di- 
ploma was further presented to Captain Gregor: — 

The Right Worshipful Master, Wardens, and 
Brethren presented our late Right Worshipful Master 
fohn Gregor with a diploma, and best thanks and 
wishes of tile Lodge, of which diploma the tenour 
follows thus : — 

" And the darkness comprehended it not." 

" In the East, a place full of light, where reign 
silence and peace, we, the Master, Wardens, and 
Brethren of tin- Old Kilwinning Lodge, No. 8 in the 
Register of Scotland, do declare, certify, and attest 
to all men enlightened, spread over the face of the 
earth, that this our worthy and well beloved Brother 
the bearer hereof, Leutt [sic) John Grigorof the 42nd 
or Royal Highland Regiment, did return from the 
service of his King and Country to this his native 
place, in the year 1764, and joined our Lodge: and 
from our knowledge of his great ability and Strength 
in Masonry, was unanimously elected Master, which 
important ehaii he filled for ten yearswith the utmost 
approbation daring which lime he instructed us in 
Masonry, lending much to our mutual advantage, in- 
crease, audi cement in friendship and brotherly love: 
and in return for his many eminent services we have, 
in token of our gratitude, presented him with a golden 
medal hearing the thanks of the Lodge. Ami now 
l»eing recalled to the service of his King and country, 
we do most affectionately recommend him to all war- 
ranted Lodges, and regular worthy Brethren where 
Providence may order his lot. 

"Given under our hand, and seal, at Inverness, 
this Sixth day of February 1770, and year of Masonry 
5776 A.M."' 

The- writer ol this note is in the possession of a 
printed copy of a curious trial for libel, raised in the 
Court of Session circa 1775, b) Robert Warrand, then 
Postmaster of Inverness, in which Capt. fohn Gregor 
is called as a witness. In fact the libel had more or 
less of its origin in a minute passed in St. John's 
Lodge reflecting on Warrand 's discharge of his public 

II. Alexander Macgrcgor was appointed Mathe- 
matical Teacher, and also Teacher of French class in 
the Royal Academy, Inverness, on 1st May, 1793. 
From the recommendations presented to the Direc- 



tors by him from Rev, Harry Robertson of Kiltearn, 1 
and Rev. Angus Bethune or Alness, I Should think 
In: was a native of Ross-shire. In addition t<> Rev. 
I lorry Robertson's strong letter of recommendation, 
be appeared personally, on the invitation of the Di- 
rectors, before them to speak to the qualifications 
of his protege'. Mr. Macgregor must have been a 
successful teacher, lor in 1803, on a vacancy occurring 
in the Rectorship of the Academy, he received the 
appointment, seemingly without any application on 
his pari, being relieved of teaching of French, and 
having added to his Mathematical class, that of Na- 
tural philosophy and Chemistry. In the words of the 
MinUtti of Appointment "These subjects are so 
nearly allied, and may be taught by same person, and 
they have no doubt Mr. Macgregor is sufficiently 
qualified to teach these branches without interfering 
with his duty as Rector. '! Mr. Macgregor only sur- 
vived his appointment as Rector for about t wo years, 
a.s on 2nd April, l8o5> minutes hear record-— 
"The Rectorship having lately become vacant by the 
much lamented death of Mr. Macgregor, a Committee 
is appointed to advertise and look out for a successor, 
as also to make some respectful mention in the news- 
papers alluding to the toss the establishment has sus- 
tained in the death of Mr. Macgregor." 
Inverness. J. N. 

452. Monumental Brasses (Vol. IV., p. 57) — 

In St. Nicholas Church, there are at present three 
monumental brasses, all ol which have been referred 
to in the articles on the Inscriptions --of St. Nicholas 
Church and Churchward. The brasses referred to are 
in order of age the Irvine brass (Vol. I., p. 110), the 
tiddel brass (Vol. I., p. IOl), and thai to the memory 
of Duguid of JBourtie (Vpl. L, p. 133). Besides the 
fcxifcting brasses^ there wtire at least other two which 
have row disappear* ■ !. The first was on live loihh of 
Sir Paul Men/it's of kimnunOy, Piovost of Aberdeen, 
and the second which res< mb'led the l.iddel brass was 
over the tomb of John Kennedy, Town Clerk. 

A LEX. M, Monro. 

453. "Tl It HI K F< 'WI.KU OK'I 11 K ( 1 1 KN " (IV.*., 57). 
The writer of the old Statistical Account of the Parish 
of Mortlach says : " There are .some old men yet alive 
who remember to have seen the heroine. She lived 
in the Braes of Auchindown, and was a plain-looking 
lass with a swinging tocher." G. W. 

453. Stenhouse, in his Illustrations of the Lyric 
Poefty and Music of 'Scotland, says that, although he 
had heard this old song from his earliest infancy, he 
never saw a correct cop)' of it in print, till it was 
inserted in Johnson's Museum. An imperfect frag- 
ment appeared in Hints Collection 1776. Ram- 
say has a song in his fyliscellany ', in 1724, 10 the same 
tune, but it is no' in his best style. Since its publi- 
cation in the Museum, two modern stanzas have 
Appeared in some copies oi the old song ; but they are 
easily detected, and, as Stenhouse observes, it is 
really too bad to disfigure our best old songs with such 

I It may lie not£d thai the Rev. Hairy Robertson Kiltearn 
was the paternal gpaud-uncle of the Right lion. \V 1 . Glad- 

trash. < romck, in his NitJhsdale and Galloway 
Seng, tells us " thai in the Irystes of Nilhsdale there 
are many variations of this curious song"; and he 
presents his readers with a medley, " picked from a 
diligent search among the old people of Nithsdale." 

Stenhouse remarks that any person, I >y glancing at 

Croinek's medley, will at once discover his* Verses to 
be modern, and totally destitute of the exquisite 
humour of the >.\ iginal, ami thai Cromck, after having 
amused us with his sham verses, presents his readers 
with "The old words," copied bom foht/son's 
MiiSetim. The following extract is front Scottish Life 
and History in Song and Ballad, by \Y. ( iunnyon : — 
"Til. bi.. Kowler seems to have 1 ecu an act n.d person- 
age, who lived in Leilh, and was married to a son of 
Logan of Reslalrig, the conspirator. It the heroine 
<>f the song w as the pers< »n who was married to ( !eorge 
I.ogan, whose house was in the- Sheriff Brae in Leith, 
she was, as Nisbet stales in his Heraldry, a daughter 
of Ludowick Fowler of Barhcastle. Logan, the 
father, was '.ane godies, drinkin.', and dehoshil man,' 
whose connect ion with the Cowrie conspiracy, when 
established, caused his hones to be exhumed and 
exhibited in. court. Sentence of forfeiture was then 
pronounced against him, and his estates passed from 
his family, most of them; falling to the Karl of Dun- 
bar. If tin: name was proscribed, as slated by Logan 
in the second volume of his clans, it is strange that 
his son should have been allowed to wear it. lie this 
as it may, the Tibbie Fowler of the- song was richly 
endowed with pelf, ami consequently with lovers: — 
'Ten cam' east, and ten cam' west ; 

Ten cam' row in' ower the water ; 
Tw.a cam' down the lang dyke-side : 

There's twa-aud-thifty wooim at her. 
There's seven but, and seven hen, 

Sc. en in the panli \ w i' her ; 
Twenty head about t lie door : 

There's ane-and forty wooin'at her." 5 
The air was considered old even in Ramsay's day. 
Macduff. J. C. 

456. Sir Leonard Halliday, Lord Mayor 

ok L.)\i)i)\, 1605 1V -> P- 58)i—I find in 

Burke's Landed Gentry, t S s S , in the lineage of John 
Halliday, Ks<|. of Cliapel Cleeve, co. Somerset, the 
following: -Edward [Halliday] of Rod borough, in 
Gloucestershire, father ol William Halliday of Rod- 
borough, who married Sarah Brydgesi aunt of John, 
Lord Chandos, and had a son, Sir Leonard Halliday, 
Lord Mayor of London, in 1605." 

I.I 1 l l.I- 11 K l.o r. 

Kit RATTJ M.— P. 37, col. I, line 24 from foot, for 
maritime rend monstrous. 

Communications should be written on one 
side of the paper only, and to prevent mistakes, 
in a legiMe band. Proper names, obsolete and 
foreffgTI words, and dates should be specially 
distinct. Contractions should not be used ex- 
cept where they occur in original documents. 
References to books and authorities should be 
made v. itb exactitude. 


SCOTT IS/ F NOTES AND QUERIES. [September, 1890. 

British Record Society 

Into which is amalgamated the Index Society, founded 1878 


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The Society's issues appear in the INDEX LIBRARY, 
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Berkshire Wills, 1308-1653; Lichfield Wills, 1510-1652. 
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Notes: — 

Sculptured Cross at St. Vigeans, 

I leath of Colonel Ross King of Tertowie, 

The Stuart Dynasty, 

Notes on the Origin of the Name, Family, and An 
of Skene, .. .. 

Bibliography of Dundee Periodical Literature,.. 

Notes on Rhymes, Old Sayings, &c, 

Notable Men and Women of Ayrshire, .. 

Scraps of Aberdeenshire Folk Lore, 
Minor Notes : — 

The Alphabet,.. < •• . 

A Scottish Tomb in Belgium, 

Bibliography of Aberdeen Periodical Literature, 

Heraldic Punctuation, 

Anent the Bell of Tough, 
Queries : — 

The Battle of Aikey Brae—*' Plain as a Pikestaff' 
" Rebel at the Horn "—'l'he Village of 'lorry, Kinc 
dineshire— Forbes Coat-of- Arms.-— The late Chas. (i 
bon, Novelist — David Drumniond's Poems — P01 

Wanted— A 'l inker's Rhyme, 

Answers : — 

Latin Poems— Sir Leonard Halliday, Lord Mayor 
London, 1605 — Apprentices Fed on Salmon, 
Literature, .. ... 



This is the subject of our Illustration this month, 
and it requires but fev\ words of explanation. 
Previous to the restoration of the church in 
1871-72, the stone stood outside resting against 
the wall of the south aisle. During the restor- 
ation it was removed inside the church, and built 
into the west wall of the north aisle. The block 
is of the local old red sandstone, of which the 
church itself is built, and measures about $}4 ft. 
by 2 ft. 8 in. It was probably carved about 1000 
years ago— in the latter end of the ninth century. 
Besides the beautiful interlacing ornaments so 
skilfully reproduced by the artist, there are 
figures carved on the stone. One group seems 
to represent the tonsure as practised in the Celtic. 
Church, and another represents two figures 
seated, with their hands upheld, supporting a 
globe. A third compartment exhibits some one 
apparently kneeling before a horned cow or 
other animal. Time and exposure have con- 
siderably defaced some ol these sculptures, and 
one can only guess at their signification. 
Arbroath. GEORGE Mil N L. 


It is with unfeigned regret that we have to 
record the death of this gentleman, who has not 
only been one of our most frequent and valued 
correspondents, but who took an almost paternal 
interest in the publication. He was a gentle- 
man of scholarly instincts, " troubled with a 
pride of accuracy" that lent a sense of reliability 
to all he wrote. Indeed no trouble was deemed 
too great to ensure this quality. We subjoin an 
excellent sketch of Colonel King from the 
Aberdeen Journal of 1 6th ult. : — 

We notice with deep regret, in our obituary to-day, 
the name of Colonel W. Ross King of Tertowie, Aber- 
deenshire, a well-know n and much-esteemed country 
gentleman. He was distinguished as a soldier and 
as an author, and, as a landed proprietor, earned the 
respect of Ins tenantry. Entering the army in 1845, 
he saw much active service in various parts of the 
world, and his travels he turned to good account in 
his writings, f or several years he served in Canada, 
also in Ireland (with the 74th Highlanders), towards 
the close of the rebellion of 1 8_j8. In. 1851-2, he was 
in South Africa, when- he went through the whole of 

'resent in the actions of the 


mine, and Waterkloof, and in numer- 
ttacks and skirmishes, in one of which 
his horse was severely wounded under him. He was 
three limes honourably mentioned in despatches; and 
subsequently in general orders by the Commander-in- 
chief ; and received a medal ai the close of the war. 
lie accompanied the expedition across the Great 
Orange River against Moshesh under General the 
Honourable Sir George Cathcart, which terminated 
in the battle of Berea. In the year following he 
proceeded to India, where he served till 1857, when 
he returned lo England, and took command of the 
Regimental Depot at Chatham, and, later, at Aber- 
deen. CoI ukI King was author of Campaigning in 
Kaffirland (which ran through two editions in a few 
months) ; also .if 'The Sportsman ami Naturalist in 
Canada ; or Notes on the Natural Flistoty of the 
Garnet Game Birds, and lushes of that Count '/y, which 
was very favourably reviewed in all the leading 
journals and in several standard magazines. He also 
wrote a voluminous paper on the Altorigiual 'Tribes oj 
the Nilghiri ffi/ls, which he read before the Anthrop- 
ological Society in London, by whom it w as afterwards 
printed. I le was also author of a paper on Gtograph- 
i al Nomenclature , which was published by the Royal 
Geographical Society, and attracted notice in the 
AtheiUiUm, and other literary papers. He wrote 

8 4 


[October, 1890. 

from time to time various articles in the volumes of 
the Proceedings of the Society ol Antiquaries of 
Scotland, artel contributed to Tlu Castles of 'Aberdeen* 
s/t/re. As was to be expected, the new Kpalditrg 
Chd) found in Colonel Ross King an enthusiastic 
member, who took an active personal interest in i;s 
proceeding*, and was one ol its Editorial Committee, 
besides being a member of the committee on " folk 
Lore and Local Topogi aphy. " Frequent contribuli his 
from his pen appeared in Scottish Notes and Queries. 

Colonel King lor many years took an active part 
in country business till the passing of the Local 
( iovernmenl Act, w hen he unsuccessfully contested 
the election for Kincllar, Dyce and Kinlray. In 
politics Ice was Conse-cvative, and was lion. Secretary 
of the Liberty and Petence League. lie was a 
descendant of the ancient Aberdeenshire family, King 
of Bnrra (who were settled in tin: county as early as 
1247), and was the only surviving son of the late 
Rev. W. If. King, of the Vicarage, Nuneaton, 
Warwickshire. Mis elder brother, the Lev. S. W. 
King, rector of Saxlingham, in Norfolk, was a well- 
known geologist, frequently quoted by Sir Charles 
Lye!!, and author of the Italian Valleys of the Alps. 
Another brother, Lieut. J. C. King, of the 74th 
Highlanders, died from the hardships and privations 
of the Kaffir war; and a third, the Lev. L. King, 
was vicar of Wellington, in Devon : all three pre- 
deceasing him. 

Colonel Loss King, who was a fust ice of the Peace, 
and a Deputy-Lieutenant lor Aberdeenshire, married 
in 1859, Lucan, younger daughter of die late Colonel 
W. Cuming-SUene-Gordon of Pitlurg, and of Parkhill 
in this county; and leaves an only son, |ames 
Alexander Cordon 'Ling, bom in 1S72, who was 
educated at Radley College, and is now Lieutenant 
in the 3rd Cordon Highlanders, and succeeds to the 
estate ol Tei'tUW ie. 

-♦• * 


May not harm be done by vulgarizing know- 
ledge such as is contained in Mr. Anderson's 
erudite and talented chart (the most complete I 
have seen), showing Darnley's Mm seated, in the 
persons of his descendants, on every throne in 
Christendom ? Of dislbyal ty, of course, there is 
no question ; but. it seems to me that if it is 
generally supposed that the Oueen is heir (if line 
■ of the Stuarts, it is a matter of Hi oral it) to leave 
the idea undisturbed : because it tends to aug- 
ment the attachment felt to the reigning 1 louse : 
which is .1 good everywhere, but especially in 
Britain, w here open disaffection has hardl) been 
expressed by an)' one (Lave Sir (.diaries Dilke) ; 
and this l> union fait ut force." (We have also 
the foolish folk who* affect devotion to the White 
Rose ; but " non ration, mi di lor.") 

1 myself knew at school that the heir of line is 
in the family of M odena, and that Lone, Philippe 
was nearer to Charles I. than the Que n ; and 1 
fancy all who know anything know that, and 

more. Rut there is one point which I never saw 
adverted to, and so crave leave to develope ; a 
claim which, put into the scale with Queen Vic- 
toria, makes the 424 prior claimants kick the 
beam with the most undignified and dangerous 
! rapidity, good to gladden John Lull's kindly old 
\ heart. 

d he Crowns, both of Scotland and England, 
1 are part!)' hereditary, partly elective. Thus, 
Bruce was chosen by the Scots, though Balliol 
had certainl) the better right by descent. The 
succession was too often changed in England 
! to need argument. My point is, that it is plau- 
sible to say that in England the last ol a line 
i bad the 1 ight of naming a successor. Thus, the 
j Conqueror certainl)' claimed as the devisee of 
St. Edward. Henry Y1IL, again, bequeathed 
1 the Crown by will. When his great daughter 
was dying, the last of the line, and was asked 
wlio was her successor (for it was widely sup- 
posed that the king of Scots could not succeed, 
being an alien;, she replied, " Who but a king?" 
Just so, in our own day, the Comte de Cham- 
' bord was most careful to name and recognize 
his successor (though of the hostile, supplanting 
house), knowing that France would never accept 
a Spanish Charles XL Still more to the point, 
the Emperor of Austria, though not the last, 
excludes his daughter, in spite of her evident 
right, Lie himself reigning only .is heir of line 
of the Hapsburgs). 

Well; when the Holy See was vacant, the 
Chamberlain's image and superscription were 
pea on the money. The case occurring when 
I the Chamberlain was Henry Stuart. Cardinal 
Bishop of Tusculum, (named Camerlengo, pro- 
bably, to exclude him from the Papacy,— as 
Litis IX. named Leo XI 11. ad hoc^ — such elec- 
tion being likely to cause political complica- 
tions; ; H. E. had his money struck, " Henricus 
IX. M : L : et 11 : Rex D. (1. ted non volnntate 
hominum? 1 think that clause was a formal 
abdication: it would certainl) - be rejected by 
Francis II. or the Duke of Cumberland, who 
refuse to abdicate. 

Secondly, the acceptance of a bat implied ab- 
dication : Sovereigns of Portugal and Savoy bad 
been Cardinals before, but the hat and the 
crown were incompatible ; so, St. Felix of Valois 
took orders with the express view of annulling 
all chance of the French throne, to which he 
was very near. Even an Archbishop of Canter- 
bury resigned his see when appointed cardinal. 
Likewise, Reginald Pole was dissuaded from 
taking orders, as being not far from the Crown: 
it was even proposed to marry him to Queen 

Thirdly, by a- cepting the see of Tusculum, in 
the States. Henry became liic Pope's sub- 



yVv/, which relation no prince of his line had 
ever borne towards any foreign potentate. This, 
I think, was a third act of abdication. 

Still further, when Napoleon had /educed the 
Sacred College to beggary and exile, the Car- 
dinal of York accepted, a present of £4000, and 
a pension of /,:!ooo per annum from king 
(Seorge 111. This he had no necessity to do ; 
if he considered king George a usurper, any 
man (or woman) of an)' spirit would rather have 
starved than accept a penny. But starvation 
was not the alternative : a cardinal could be 
sure of a refuge in Hungary, with some Prince 
bishop ; or, he could live by the altar as simple 
chaplain, like so many emigres. 

.1 contend that this acceptance of a British do- 
tation amounted to a fourth act of abdication. 
And that there was a fifth, still more cogent, 
When 1 first looked on the Stuart regalia pre- 
served in Edinburgh Castle, which he be- 
queathed to king George 1 11. --the collar and 
George of king Charles 1., the sword given by 
.Pope Julius 11., &c. — it came upon me most 
strongly that by this bequest the heir male of 
king James VI. had certainly na'med his succes- 
sor- stamped the Guelph line with the fullest 
possible sanction it could have handed over to 
it, formally, with the Pontifical benison to boot, 
the whole allegiance of the surviving Jacobites, 
of whom there were then many. 1 do not think 
any legist could make light of this additional 
string" ; since, when real estate is conveyed, it is 
the universal practice to obtain the signature of 
the //<'//•-, //-/,/. v, e\ i n though he have no real 
interest in the land, and COillc] not recover a 
FOod of it in Court. Likewise, when a wife's 
property was settled to her sole use, her own 
signature sufficed to discharge the trustees ; but 
they always exacted the husband's also, for 
more ample security, though he was unable to 
touch a penny, of his own right. 

By this act of acquiescence in the: decision of 
the nation, also -as well as by the style " Hen- 
ricus IX." — the venerable; Prince disposed of 
the claims of the alleged legitimate descend- 
ants of Prince (diaries Edward the late Comte 
d'Albanie and his brother. Ami had he main- 
tained he was still King, he would surely have 
bequeathed the regalia to the heir of line, a 
Catholic like himself. Instead, he chose the 
Protestant heir reigning tie facta A ' and, in so 
doing, he shewed himself a true patriot, and 
served, in the only way in his power, his people 

that were not his. (It is curious that " he being 
dead yet speaketh. 51 A homily against drunken- 
ness from his pen is read onto a-year, by epis- 
copal order, in the Catholic churches of the 
Liverpool diocese). 

It thus seems to me that the proceedings 

I the White Lose people, w ith their prattle about 
" Mary III.,'' &e., are shown to be as silly as 

i they are treasonable. Queen Victoria reigns 
by the will of Parliament ; but " if any be con- 
tentious," then by the will of the late "king 

J Henry IX." also. 

There is, somewhere in Europe— where, by 
tlu- way?— the male heir of tlu: old royal house 

I (jf Sweden, dethroned by Napoleon. The Swedes 
preferred to keep the line of French peasants 
who still reign at Stockholm; the House to 
which we, on the contrary, have elected to be 
''faithful unto death," has one of the noblest 
princely origins in the world. We may be 
heartily thankful, not Onl) for our luck in this, 
but also that there is no heir male ot the ancient 
line ; and, besides, that the last made so saga- 
cious and beneficent a sul (mission to our anointed 
King; . .. 

" Omne tulit punctum, qui miscuit utile dulci." 

A. P. S* 

P.S.- — In my last note on the Duke of Clar- 
ence and Avondalc, 1 forgot to notice the 
refusal of the Saturday to use the second title 
I is really inexplicable ; since universal usage 
compels us to say (and them to sign) "Arun- 
del and Surrey "—" Suffolk and Berkshire" — 
; " Stamford and Warrington "— 44 Oranmore and 
Browne" "Cork and Orrery " — " Saye and 
I Sele" — " Massereerie and Ferrard"— " Kich- 
! mond ami Cordon"- and the late Duke of Ha- 
milton signed " Chatelherault, Hamilton, and 
; Brandon." The Duke of Madrid, 1 by the way, 
1 is son of Don Juan, who lived so long in Lon- 
don, ami abdicated before the Basuue war. 


I NA M E,' LA M 1 LY, A N 1 ) A RM S L SKENE 

Mi.— oiaoiN OF THE a (Continued). 
j I now proceed to consider another possible 
! origin of the .Skene coat. 

Attached to the roll of tin.- Homages done to 
I King Edward I. of England in [296 are the two 
j seals of the two first Skenes on record. Both 
; are of identical shape (circular ) and size. (This 
1 is noteworthy. 1 On one, within the legend " S. 

Job' is de Sceyn," is St. John Baptist's head in 
I profile, lyiny on the' occiput in a stalked bowl, 

with the lips very much protruded, the nose a 


A. urn 

Hut be 
than the 
del by nl 
p V. of Si 

a ties him as " 1 1 « - 1 r male uf the Hour bans 
ranch — he is heir male of Hugh Capet him" 
>t "legitimist titular King of Ftance" any 
c of CtUlibci luntl is of Ureal I'.iitaii), licin^ 
tion '>f the Juke of Aujou when lie became 
The French party who call hiio Charles XI. 
White Rose traitors. 



\ ( )( TOBER, 1890. 

high aquiline (not of the Jewish type, but com- 
mon hi my family, whence I suspect here a f>or- 
trait.) Above is a hand, not " pointing down," 
as Dr. Skene says, for in that case the index 
only would be extended, but in the posture ol 
giving" thfi sacerdotal benediction, i.e. with the 
third and fourth doubled down, so that (1) the 
thumb, (2) the index and medius, (3) the third 
and fourth form, with the wrist, a cross ; thus 
the hand holds the place of the + which we rind 
on the other seal (and common.!)' on seals and ; 
coins, at the beginning ol the legend). 'The j 
fingers nearly touch the nose of the saint. The 
device represents beyond doubt the Sacred 
Hand of the Great High Priest: 11 Though de- 
collated by Herod, yet blessed by God." Also, 
the head may be taken to represent the owner ol 
the seal ; arid the whole device to signify : 
" Christ bless me for my name's sake, through 
the merits of his dear cousin, precursor, prophet, 
and martyr." 

On the other seal, within the legend " H- S. 
Patricii de Sken, el'ici," there is a cjuatrefoil, 
within that .) shield, and on the shield three ob- 
jects, which antiquarians have always taken for 
skenes, pointing downwards. It is certain that 
the lower halves of them are more like: blades I 
than ail) thing else. 

The first reflection that occurs as to thin shield 
is the strangeness of the fact that the clerieus has 
a shield bearing weapons — apparently armorial 
bearings— -while the layman has a very com- 
plicated religious device, and one which ;t must 
have cost a good sum to have engraved at that 1 

When 1 first, saw engravings of these seal .,- 1 
took Patrick's to bear tire Skene coat, a ; always 
known since three skenes, points upwards^ 
bearing three wolves' heads. The blades show j 
but little, but this could well be, even with 
skenes dhu, if they wcie pushed right up to the 
skull : the heads, how ever, are far too small. 

I think that the medieval heralds having no j 
magnifying glasses • may haw consulted the 
Roll when desired to grant arms to Skene, and 
have supposed this shield to bear weapons, with 
something on the points, rudely cut, and the hn- 1 
pression on the wax probably blunted h\ time, j 
They would say: A Skene very likely bore' 
skenes ; and what are the objects? Thej look 1 

1 Many years, a lady in- i ited upon painting my portrait 
in i.ils as the head l ->f Si. Joha the Baptist in the char^ei ! t ! 
was fnu-cl to sit with shut eyes an hum a-day. I In result wan I 
certainly singular. Sti'l umic so it thai the lirsi St reue on i 
record should seal with this (which I did rax then kn »w), and 
that the last prohahlv authentic chiur of the . I., » uei taint) the | 
very last iji remainder t,. the hn'tohy of Skene, nml :r the old 
settlement- --should Usavu behind him a '' m< uto i.d " identical in ! 
design. 1 
-In Memorials of the Family <»/ Ske*t < Skew (New 1 
Spald. Clul.), p. 10. | 

like heads.: probably heads of beasts killed 
by the skenes ; and these would lie either wolves 
or boars, the tin!) noxious quadrupeds in Scot- 
land i miles., we should include the "British 
tiger," or eat-a-mountain). 

1 think they may have the i evolved the coat 
ol .Skene purely from the seal, and without any 
respect to the l.ear'.n. > of !o>bertson. 

If so, then they must ( I think) seeing they had 
got wolves' heads, and Struau alone had wolves' 
heads besides. I ave forcibly made the acces- 
sories to mat' h. and < opied them from those of 
Sti nan. 

This seems to me very little plausible : it 
would involve i) the assimilation of the tartan 
and bad;.;e, l wo I ather ^TV-armorial 1 particulari- 
ties ; (2) the fabrication of the old traditions (a) 
of descent from Struan, (b) of the killing of a 
wolf wil h a skene. 

Again : If the Skenes bore three skenes, point 
downwards, ;| • arms m i2</> and previously), 
that seems to negative descent from Struan, as 
much as their being l&itveticrs of the (hypothe- 
tical T) forest ad acent to Skene. 

Hut did they ? 

When I applied a lens to the sealOf Patrick, 
1 s lw thai, though the lower halves oi the objects 
are isosceles triangles, very like blades, yet the 
upper parts are so unlike any soit of hills as to 
destroy any general similarity to a weapon. The 
upper part is g'obnlar, unlike any hilt or haft ; 
the cross-bars (which in skenes should exist 
hardly, or nol at all) are like wings, but un- 
finished, apparently, at the sides, nearly as huge 
a. the uppei glebe;, and evidently binned 
through being al six in a low. three crosses, 
in fact. The seal, being only two centimetres 
in diameter do not give much space for details. 

A'ler some consideration an idea Occurred to 
me, which 1 have not seen reason to reject 
since.. These three objects are shamrock /eaves, 
the symbol of I'ltrick's name -saint, as the head 
was of John's; Each Saint had his recognised 
sign ; a Pctrus tie .Skene could no doubt have 
had the keys \ a Paulus the sword (here would 
have been a facile entry for the Skene coat 1) ; 
an Andreas the .aline, &<•., &c. 

This solves immediately the enigma, Why lias 
the clerk weapons, the layman a saint ? The 
seals are seen to be exactly parallel in design, 
as in shape and size* the devices purely per- 

1 In Tipperary there is a nuiix ions s. u\ (.f Skehan - a name 
ttppa cutlj parallel with Sheehan, Mohan, Uchan, Ac— .who 
teem to have no chief, and no inemher hearing amis The name 
is probably i y. ><; ■■!/.• (and tin.- * /.• pn scives the r» of igah'ttt, cf, 
Ite&pcrus, Vutipv ), and shown thai (a) many Skenes may have 
no > oniu ximi v ith citlu 1 the family or Inn „■!. of Skene ; (h) even 
Hi. name oftfoe l.'. may tiot tcrili'tiaj, Inn the- hurgh 
named front the t'ainib ; Mii«:e those Irjsh Jjkehans hail lioiii no 
burgh or wattti - the riv«r.s Skene and Lough Skean I eing very 
fai away from Tipperary. 

OctOBfcR, 1890.] 



sonal. The only di screpancy is in tin- spellings, 
" Sceyn " and w Skem*' But we find "Skene" 
spelt differently in tire self-same document, much 
later ; not to mention otb m names. 

The objections arc.: 1. The shield, whence 
one might Infer amis. 2. The tapered blades. 
3, The thickness thereof. 4. The triplicity. To 
which I reply : 1. The shield, like the quatrc- 
foil, is but an engraver's garnish : like; the garter 
put (quite improperly) round crests now. -2. 
The engraver may have thought a shamrock to 
be .1 woody shrub, and thus chosen to pare off 
the stalk unto a point. 5. '1 he stalk nifty Ik- rut 
too thick for want of instruments fine enough to 
cut it thin. The engraver could not even design 

a quatreroil with 
three leaves, not 
aim with which .' 
to convince 1 la- 1 
pf a triune entit) 
may typify some 
seal invokes the 
It does not f< 
no arms on their 

lour equal sales. 4. There are 
one perhaps to emphasize the 
\t Patrick took up the t retail 
icathen Irish of the possibility 
. I think the three leaves here the I loly Trinity, as John's 
I (jessing (r an on high. 
>Ilow that, because they bore 
seals, these 1 " landil gentlemen" 

had no arms at all. 'J 
saint's symbol had n 
impressed < 

iV' ra\ ing of the patron 
ail it a practical aim ; 
it, it was a material 
prayer, placing the deed under tin; Saint's pro- 
tection, and also calling him to witness swear- 
ing by him, as a sanction and surety. 

The Skene coat, however, if devised by mis- 
take from Patrick's seal, does rather point to 
the view that they had no arms proper, (In 
Skive's hook then; k no history of the coat,, 
and n»> example given before the t^'th century. 
This is a great omission. The ;,raai in the 
Lyo$ Register is sttrel) not the oldest instance 
of its use. But probably Robert, in 1 517, had 

If the device on Patrick's seal is really 
armorial, and is three skenes, 1 repeat that 
that fact seems to nu: certainly to discourage 
the idea of descent from Struan. Bad the 
Skenes borne arms so early, and had they been 
a cadet branch of Sfcruan, they would surely 
have borne the wolves' heads ; as they would if 
they had acquired them from being foresters. 

It may be that something happened in the 
14th or 15th eentliry, like: what happened m the 
icnh. The crest of John Skene of kailyards, 
Fife, in the \ T ew Register, is "a dexter hand 
prow r. holding a dagger as the former." 

,,,/, then, the supposed 
the wolves' heads he already 

The tail piece to all the 
aic'v en< >••:,; lii m some respect-, ) an engraving of a 
SCUlptur*. d -aom- which w as at t he 1 1 awyards(now 
at Donibi'istle. for preservation), incorrectly in- 
titled "Arms of John Skene,'' \.\ h is a com- 
plete eniy ma ; his coat (jSkene, with ;i < rcs< cot for 
rfjflference) figures on an oval y with w J. S." on each 

: side, and two faces in profile, with hideous arti- 
chokes issuing out of their mouths ; above, a hu- 
man head, full-faced, above which a scroll, whose 

: inscription was effaced at least 80 or 90 years 

; ago. May not this head be meant for the 
Baptist's? though there is no bowl or charger. 

' John Skene was a successful advocate (called 
no doubt after his father's first patron, the 

i fatuous Sir John) ; he had probably seen the roll 
(if the Homages; had he not taken the seal of 

j John de Sceyn for a disused armorial bearing? 
as I suggest had been previously supposed as 

i to Patri< k's : and he was himself a John. The 
sculpture may be assumed to be of the same 

I date as the fellow one, 1672 : the right-arm crest 
was y ranted him before. 

Tins was always borne with a wolf's head on 
the point, till cir. [824, when his descendants, 
perceiving no explicit mention of the head, had 
all their seals engraved without it. In like 
manner, one of the Adams may have supposed 
Patrick's seal to preserve the real old bearing of 
the family, and may have disused his own ; or, 
he may have 

three skenes v 

had as a Robertson, turning them upside down, 
and receiving a grant of the accessories, varied 
from the Robertson arms. 1 

Dr. Skene, in the; extract above given from 
the Preface, says that the saint's head rather 
indicates [plus the skenes] that the name of 
Skene was primarily connected with the Church. 
I This i-, net likely, since the Kirk of Skene was 
! under the invocatioj , not of St. John Baptist, 
j but o! St. IJridyet, "a id extended from thence 
j to the barony, while the wolves' lieadbdonoi then 
appear as.. forming part of the cognizarw e of the 
I family." On p. i\. lie writes "The seal of 
Patrick, the Cleriats of Skene, shews that the 
cognizance of the name was three skenes or 
dirks, and the thre< wolves borne upon them 
were no doubt derived from their original con- 
nection with the forest/' The word "later" 
should have been inserted after "borne upon 

lie also writes : "The name of Skene, signi- 
fying in Gaelic a dirk, would give rise, by the 
canting heraldry of tin; time, to the arms, and if 
Skene was a forest; to the addition of the wolves' 
heads, ami thus had to the traditionary origin 
of the name." 

This would perhaps be put clearer thus: — 
" .Skene, a weapon in the old tongue of Scotland, 
as in those of Ireland, England, Gaul, Italy, 
Greece, and Arabia, would naturally Mi^eest 

they '* ' ; 

. tn:. ••'</.' 

why ,v ccrl > > itl> <>f R<mk1 Family hatl l*cn 
.', t wivs [bid it an old family name : and 
.1 ' a Ms., in winch 1 at onc«s saw ihc name was 


[October, 1890. 

weapons in the aims, and origin of name name 
the weapon ; and if the Skenes were foresters 
that would account for the wolves' heads." 

But that the heraldry of the time was canting 
is surely inaccurate. Mr. C. Junes speaks quite 
differently: "A seal of the Laird of Skene, 
affixed to the homages (temp. Ed. I.), yiving 
there dirks or skee/is^ shows the antiquity of 
The name is territorial, 
the paiish of Skene." 
). 52. ) J le gives (so far 
her example of ancient 
to rely wholly on this 

arms win 
Iship loi- 


the le 

(" Scottish Surnames," 
as I remember; no < 
canting arms, seemin 
seal for the proof. 

But if 1 am right in maintaining there are 
no arms, and no skenes, on the seal : then the 
supposed proof of this antiquity falls to the 
ground. The above disquisition, therefore, does 
not in that case affect the Skenes alone, but is 
of very general interest and importance. 

To sum up my conclusions, after making this 
(I hope; methodical and exhaustive tract on the 
subject of which it treats : I think that 

A. Assuming shamrocks : 

The balance of evidence is in favour of descent 
of the Skenes from the Robertsons. 

B. Assuming skenes : 

1. The descent from the Robertsons becomes, 
though not untenable, yet extremely improbable, 

2. There is no other presumptive origin in 
the field. 

C. Assuming either : 

1. The ecclesiastical theory is unsupported. 

2. The forester theory is absolutely untenable 
as an explanation ol the wolves' heads. 

More light could be obtained by research, on 
many points, but especially into the earliest 
examples of the Skene coat, parallel cases, &c. 
But this can be made only by those w ho are at 
home, and have access to the documents. 

Pornic, France. A. 1'. Skene. 

i:k u a 

Page 9, 
Page 9, 

Page 6o 


, /or sir 
add thi 

.•.1.1 h 
en tic; 

>( T 


of Strowan 
tc>Vl>. Stn 
as well 

Skene ; 
ropolis ( 
that in 

their owner, not 
lands after their o\ 
agrees in ilie main 

cry am u-iit a 
lahscil count 1 

' Voca 

I. Mi 

ith whii 

wiime* called frO\ 
" I'hey call the 
(A. V.) the Vulgai 

ia in tei ris .->uis." 

cayei nut 

This Alphabet (JV., 36).- Mr. Carrie will 
find this subject discussed with characteristic 
humour by Augustus tie Morgan, in 1 is Budget 
iff J'aradoxcs, p.p; 163-4. K I- ANDERSON. 


( Continued from p&gt 72). 
1877. Tke Evening Ttfograpk. No. 1. Regis- 
tered lor transmission abroad. Dundee, Tues- 
day, March 13th, 1.S77. Price one halfpenny. 
Printed and published by John Leng & Co. 
This paper was issued as one of the first half- 
penny evening newspapers in Dundee, its earliest 
number bearing date, Tuesday, 13th .March, 
1877. The imprint shows that it was printed 
and published by John hen;; & Company, at the 
office of the Dundee Advertiser. The advertise- 
ments in the first ten numbers were printed on the 
lower half of each page, but these were afterwards 
placed together on the first and fourth pages. 
u Only a limited space will be allotted to advertise- 
ments, which will be attractively displayed. 
Agents and newsboys w ill have the advantage 
ot being supplied with their papers folded ready 
for sale." The first editor, Mr. William Fisher, 
still (1890) continues to act in that capacity, 
and M r. James Cromb, author of "The 1 1 ighland 
Brigade,'' 11 Working and Living, and other Es- 
says," has been sub-editor since its commence- 
ment. The editorial and reporting staff for the 
Telegraphy though located in the Advertiser 
office, act for the former paper only. Besides 
giving the news of the day, a large portion of 
the space in every issue is occupied with literary 
extracts. There are three editions issued daily 
., and 6 p.m., the latter of which 
• pink edition, and is chiefly in- 
, information n 1 rcadci s w ho take 
ill kinds of sports. It contains 
egram, telephone, and carrier 
results of all important races, 
jotball matches, boating, and 
On Saturday, during the foot- 
pecial edition is printed, giving 
)unts of the various matches. 

1877. Our Special Artist at the Dundee Fine 
An Exhibition. Printed and published for the 
Artists' Company by William Kidd, 112 Nether- 
gate, Dundee, [6 pages. This illustrated paper 
appeared occasionally between 1877 and 1883, 
there having been in all 7 numbers. The follow- 
ing announcement appeared in the first number: 
" Our Special Artist^ in offering to the public 
this collection of pen-and-ink sketches, desires to 
be descriptive, critical, and comical." Several 
of the illustrations in this number, which was 
devoted exclusively to the Fine An Exhibition, 
were reproduced from sketches by the exhibitors. 
Tin- second number appeared in the same year, 
and contained this statement : " ')nr Special 
Artist so gratified by the reception accorded 
his first publication that he ventures to offer a 

at 3 p.m., 4 p. 
is known as t 
tended to sup| 
an interest in 
reports by t 
pigeon of th 
cricket and 
athletic sport 
ball se ason, a 

October, 1890. ) 


second. 1 ' The third number was issued at 
Christmas, 1877, and contained illustrations from 
the current Pantomime as well as of sketches in 
the Exhibition. The fourth and fifth numbers 
did not appear till November, 1879, ;|IU ' were 
also occupied with sketches from the Fine Ait j 
Exhibition of that year, one of them having a 
reproduction of Orchardson's famous picture, 
"The Queen of Swords" as the principal illus- 
tration. The imprint then was ; " Printed and 
published for the Artists' Company by James 
P. Mathew & Co., 17 Cowgate, Dundee.' The 
sixth number", or third of the series, was entitled^, 
Our Special Artist at the Dog Show, Dundee, 
and gave a portrait of the President of the Show, 
and sketches of dogs that were exhibited. No 
other number appeared until 1883, when one 
part was published, entitled "Our Special Artist 
at the Stirling fine Art Exhibition." It consisted 
of 20 pages with illustrations of pictures exhibited, 
and was also printed and published by fames P. 
Mathew & Co., the covers and second page 
having been lithographed by John Durham & 
Son, printers and lithographers, Dundee. In 
the sixth number humorous letterpress had been 
introduced, and in the seventh there were several 
comic sketches, and from this sprung the idea 
of a comic monthly magazine, afterwards realized 
under the title of The Wizard of the North, 
The editor of the various numbers of I hir S fecial 
Artist was Mr. James Russell, Dundee, who 
still edits The Wizard of the North. 

1877. The Home Journal^ a Domestic Mis- 
cellany. No. rj Vol. (. Published weekly, 
Monday, September i;ih. price one halfpenny. 
Size 16 x [1, 8 pages: Printed and published 
at 19 and 21 Cowgate by Peddie, liutcheson $ 
Company. This halfpenny weckh journal was 
issued from the office of the Evening A< rev, and 
contained the first chapter of a novel, entitled 
"A Marriage of Conscience," by Arthur Sket< h- 
ley, author of " Brown Papers," "Mrs. Brown al 
the Play," &c. The other contents of the paper 
consisted of tales, poetry, and miscellaneous 
subjects. The Home founiul Was modelled 
after the style of the Glasgow Weekly, Citizen. 
Only a few numbers were issued. 

1877. The Critic at the Dundee Fine An 
Exhibition, Price One Penny. Printed and 
published for the Critic by VV. Kidd, Dundee. 
Eight pages. The introduetorj wore is signed 
by J. E, L [J. K. Inglis]. ( >n the title is a view 
of the Albert Institute. Pen and ink portraits 
of some of the principal artists whose pictures 
were exhibited are given, including Sir F, 
Grant, P.R.A., V. Leiahton, R.A., T. Lacd, 
R.A., A. Elmore, R.A., 11. S. Marks, A.K.A. 
Among the Associates of the Royal Academy 
whose portraits appear are Peter Graham, 

Marcus Stone, and P. R. Morris, also sketches 
of "The Reception,"' "The Opening Ceremony," 
&C The artist in introducing these sketches 
mentions that they were published "not so 
much for profit, as the price will show, but as 
I a memento of the Dundee Pine Art Exhibition." 
1878. The Temperance Advocate. No. 1, 
Dundee, July 15th, 1 878. Price One Penny. 
Printed for the publisher by Charles Alexander 
& Co., North Lindsay Street, Dundee. Size 11 
by 9, twelve and occasionally sixteen pages, 
coloured covers. This was a monthly publi- 
cation issued by James Martin, Bookseller, 
72 Victoria Road, Dundee, and published 
on the [5th ot each month. There were twenty- 
two numbers published, the last appearing 
on 1 6th April, 1880. The object of the 
Temperance Advocate was to help towards a 
reform in the social life of the country. " Like 
the press the legislature seems incapable of 
grappling with this [temperance] question. It 
is not to h, however, we can look with hope for 
redress at present. The first object to be 
attained is the creation of a healthy public 
opinion on the subject, and it is by the dissemi- 
nation of truth in an enlightened and charitable 
spirit that this result can best be realized." This 
was the task which the Temperance Advocate 
undertook. To try and accomplish this under- 
taking the editors were assisted by several 
temperance reformers, who contributed articles 
to the Advocate. Amongst these were a series 
of papers on "Temperance in the School," "The 
Histoiy of Intemperance," by the author of 
" Annals ot' the Scottish t A psies," "Temperance 
Reform in Scotland," b\ cx-Bailic Lewis, and 
various interesting narratives b\ William FyfTe, 
G.W.C.T. Besides the above it contained 
several serial stories, amongst which were.' 
"Victor and Vanquished," "Behind the Bar," 
" Reminiscences of Recollec tions of Marly Life," 
" Rab Leggct, the Shoemaker'.-. Apprentice." 
At No. 21 a full-page portrait of Mr. George 
Rough, president ot the Dundee Temperance 
Society, lithographed by C. S. Lawson, and in 
the last number (No. 22 ; the portrait of Mr. A. 
II. Moiuur, president of the Dundee and 
District Temperance Hundred, are inserted, 
with biographical notices. 

187^. The Piper c? Dundee. No. 1, Dundee, 
April, KS78. Price id., No. 2, May, No. 3, July, 
No. 4, August, 1878. Published' by William 
Kidd, i)2 Netkergate Dundee. Size 10x7/4', 
8 pages. Title on .1 ribbon, Scotch thistles on 
background. This was a monthly journal pro- 
fusely illustrated with pen ami ink sketches. 
Nearly all the matter is heated in a humorous 
style. Tlu cartoon in No. 1 represents Lord 
Beaconsfield saying: -"You'd better watch 



[October, 1890. 

yourself, old boy." He stands with key in hand 
at a lion's den, where a fierce lion is trying to 
get loose upon a bear, who holds a pole in its 
paw bearing the words ''Russian Diplomacy." 
The second cartoon represents the Forfar Light 
Horse Races at Lour, which were started by the 
gallant captain of the troop, Captain P. A. W. 
Carnegie of Lour. The third represents the 
opening of the Tay Bridge, and in the fourth 
and last number a protrait of Provost Robertson 
is substituted for the cartoon, and is entitled 
No. 1 of "Our Portrait Gallery." Only 4 
numbers published, 

1878. The Queen Mab Tejnfterance Journal. 
Published monthly, 4 pages. Size 4x2^. 
Published and printed by J. F. Calder, Solicitor, 
Dundee, at the " Comerton Private Printing 
Press." The issue consisted of eight numbers, 
and as it was published for gratuitous distribution 
as well as for sale, the total circulation reached 
a very large figure. The opening sentence of 
No. 1 is as follows:- "The object of this tiny 
journal is to present to the reader extracts in the 
fewest possible words from the utterances and 
writings of the most eminent speakers and 
writers on the subject of temperance." Not only 
the local press but also several of the London 
newspapers of the time contained laudatory 
notices of this the "smallest journal" ever 
published, one of the latter reproducing the 
contents of an entire number. It is interesting 
to record that No. ] never was written. With- 
out manuscript or previous arrangement, Mr. 
Calder composed, set in type, and primed the 
initial number bi his excellent and interesting 
journal. Lor the most pari the eight numbers 
deal with the medical aspect of the temperance 
question, but variety is lent to the series by the 
introduction of interesting narratives and other 
matter of a cognate character. 

1878. The Dundee Year Book. Facts and 
Figures, reprinted from the Dundee Advertiser. 
Dundee, John Leng & Co., Lank Street. " In 
1878 it had been suggested that it would be 
of service, and may come to be of value for 
future reference, if the large amount of informa- 
tion given in the Dundee Advertiser at the 
end of each year respecting the events connected 
with the Linen and J ute Trade, the direct Import- 
ations from Calcutta and Chittagong, Imports 
of Flax, Shipping, Shipbuilding, &c, were 
collected and published in a hand)' form. Hence 
this little volume. These statistical tables have 
all either been taken from official sources or 
directly prepared for us by the officers of the 
various public boards." The chief local events 
were, for the first two years, chronologically 
arranged in short paragraphs,, afterwards a few 
of the principal incidents were fully described and 

illustrated. In addition to the statistical tables, 
drawings and plans of the various public 
buildings, improvements proposed and executed 
are shown. Size 6}4 by 4X for the first three 
years, 60 to 90 pages each part. In 1 88 1 it was 
enlarged to by 6>£, and since that date the 
Year Book has varied from 103 to 170 pages. 
The publication was first issued in 1878, and it 
has been published annually up to the present 

Alexander C. Lamb. 

(To be continued.) 


THE rhymes, old sayings, &c, in the present 
paper relate chiefly to Selkirk, and are still more 
or less current. The ancient appellation of 
" SutOrs," to the inhabitants, and the rhyme — 

Sutors ane, sutors twa, 

tutors in the Back Raw, 
with the direful consequences of crying it through 
the main street of the old Burgh, as related by 
Robert Chambers, are loo well known to need 
more than passing mention, further than to add, 
that the, locally at least, interesting ceremony 
of " Casting ths Colours" in the market place 
after the annual riding of the Marches, is always 
performed to the tune of " Up wi' the Sutors o' 

" Chitteriri to death, like the Hainitt Puggy? 
The Haining grounds lie close to Selkirk, and 
were at one time a great resort for the inhabi- 
tants. Among the attractions were several fo- 
reign animals, including a bear and a large 
monkey. In cold weather the monkey showed 
symptoms of intense discomfort, trembling and 
shivering continually, and when it died it was 
said to have "cluttered" to death. Hence the 
saying, that persons visibly suffering from cold 
are " chittcring to death, like the Hainin' puggy." 

The next two " First ower the knowi\ Gil- 
lies? and " Sic a sicht as Samuel saw " — arose 
otit of exploits by a certain Samuel or Sam Rus- 
sell, watchmaker, a man of undying thirst for 
strong drink, and full of artful expedients for its 
procurement. A new lessee having come to 
Sunderland Hall toll, then licensed to sell drink, 
Sam one day, accompanied by a man named 
Gillies, one of the town's officers, in livery, 
walked into the toll-house, and passing himself 
off as a gentleman waiting for his coach, (sent 
into Selkirk for repairs,) Ordered and drank 
without stmt of the tacksman's best. Oillies, 
who also drank his share, went out occasionally 
on pretence of looking for the coac h, and having 
noticed a well known townsman approaching 
came in to Russell and whispered the alarming 
news. Sam sprang up and cried, as a kind of 

October, 1890.] 



sauve que petit, " First ower the knowe, Gillies," 
when both unceremoniovsly bolted, leaving the 
toll-keeper in angry amazement at their roguery. 

"Sic a sicht as Samuel saw." The current 
version of this second adventure of Samuel's is, 
that he-having been on a clock-cleaning tour in 
the upper parts of ELttrick, was returning home 
on a dark stormy night, as usual somewhat tipsy. 
While moving along the road he was startled by 
meeting a party carrying a coffin, and accom- 
panied by a dog. They Stopped and spoke, and 
the dog barking and snuffing round about him, 
he was completely upset with fright. On getting 
home to Selkirk he told what he had seen with 
some exaggeration. The story went quickly 
from mouth to mouth, undergoing various trans- 
formations, but at last settling into the following 
shape : — 

Sic a sicht as Samuel saw, 

Atween Hope Mouse and Tushielaw, 

A great big doug wi' ml een, 

Drawin 1 a coffin be a cheen. 
" Swearing like Clarksotis Parrot''' Dr. 
Clarkson had a parrot, which is famous as hav- 
ing been a most consummate swearer. One 
day — as the story goes ■ while silting on its 
perch at an open window, a gled swooped down 
upon it and earned it off to the Linglie Hill, 
close by the town. Here the parrot, somehow 
yetting free, gave out such a voluminous hurri- 
cane of oaths, that the gled through terror took 
to flight, leaving poll master of the held. 

u Hildebrod \" — There lived a man in Selkirk 
whom it w ill suffice to initial as R., who was 
better known by the nickname Hildebrod. 01 
shortly, llildy, 1I1. in by his own proper name. 
The origin of the byenaine i.^ said to have been 
in this way : When a young man he worked at 
his trade of stocking-maker in Hawick. Along 
with him in the same shop worked another 
young man from Selkirk, who was my inform- 
ant. One winter day those in the shop were 
sitting at the stove, smoking and chattering in 
the easy-going fashion of fifty years ago, when 
"Scott," the bedJar and gravedigger for Wilton 
parish, came in and engaged in such conversa- 
tion as was going on. Suddenly, after looking 
intently at R., lie broke forth with "Lord, 
laddie, ee bring me in mind o' an effigy on a 
headstane in Bedrule kirkyard \vi' this inscrip- 
tion on 't : — 

' Here lies aul.l John fHlUeborcl. 
Hae mercy <>n his sow!, ( I Lord, 
As he'd hac dune had he been Lord, 
An' you auhl John 1 Qldebord.' " 
This will doubtless suggest to some the cele- 
brated epitaph in Pat'id Elginhrod, t<> which it 
bears such a striking resemblain r, but the I law- 
ick incident happened many years before David 

Elginbrod was written. From inquiries made, 
there is not now such a headstone in Bedrule 
churchyard, neither is there any local knowledge 
or tradition of it. 

Two chappin out rhymes not in Chambers : — 

Eerie, orie, ower the mil! dam, 

kill my pocks an" let me gang ; 

Black iish, white troot, 

Eerie, orie, ee-ir-out. 

Me an' the minister castit oot, 

Guess ee what ii was aboot, 

black Iish, white troot, 

Eerie, orie, ee-ir-oot. 
Nicht afore the Juu'r Rhymes, — On the night 
before the local fairs, boys and girls run in bands 
about the streets crying — 

Hurrah, hurrah, a ranogate. 

The nicht afore the fair" 

The pipers in the Canongate, 

The drums in the air. 
My mother gae me die keys to keep, 
To wauken me oot 0' my mornin' sleep, 
The hens shall lay, and the cock shall craw, 

1 runah, hurrah, a ranogate. 
Another version - 

Aree, aree, a ranogate, 

The pipers in the' Canongate, 

The (hums in the air. 

The cock craws, the hen lays, 

The nicht afore I he fair. 

Stepmother's Grace. -A boy being asked to 
say grace in presence of his stepmother, who 
was unkind, is credited with giving utterance to 
his feelings thus- 

Prood an' handily, she's como hame, 
Gude an' gracious, she that's gane. 
. Thin kail, an' scrimpel bread. 
Lord send 'er Mine deid. 
Variation of R. ( lhambers' Days of the Week i 1 
This is sill.a Saturday, 
The morn is Capernaw, 
The next day i-. Monday, 
Sets a' ihe wheels a-gaiin. 

Burke and Hare. — ■ " Mormond's " rhyme on 
j Burke and Hare recalls another version which 
was common among new town Edinburgh boys 
up to at least 1838 

Uurke and Hare gaed up a stair 
Wi' a hotly in a box, 
Strecht off to 1 )octor Knox. 
Boys who harry buds' ne.sts are reproached 

1 law k, hawk, herry nest. 
A home: bird to build a nest, 
An' you to gang an' herry t. 
Caiterhaugh, in the near neighbourhood of 
, Selkirk, and famous as the scene of Tamtti/ie, 

1 Popular Scottish K/iynws, iSjo, /. jSS. 

9 2 


[October, 1890. 

has still a sough of the old enchantment about 
it, which finds expression in — 

Carterhaugh, Cants, 

Where witches and warlocks 

Ride in their ranks. 
Lammas, Lammas, at eleven oors, 
Farcweel Simmer an' a' the fiooers, 
was the pensive autumn wail, often expressed, 
of an Old lady Ion- gone to her rest. 

Note on Caftcrnaw.—X had often wondered; 
what could be the meaning of this word. On ; 
consulting famieson I find— Caper, "a piece of 
oat-t ake and butter with a slic e of cheese on it." 
This has suggested to ine that Capernaw as used 
for Sunday may mean to convey the expecta- i 
tion, on that day, of better food than on other 
days of the week. Those who recollect the earl)' j 
" 40's " will know that anything beyond the 
coarsest fare was reserved for Sunday. 


- ( Continued from /. 6?, Vol. IV.) 

Born during the sixteenth century — 1501-1600. 

27. John Will&ck, convert to Reformed doctrines 
before 1541, threw oft" monastic habit, and retired to j 
England: chaplain there to 1). of Suffolk ; but fled i 
from the Marian persecution to E. Friesland, 1553; j 
here began to practice medicine; soon returned to 
Scotland, where he directed the Reformed movement 
till the arrival of Knox, May, 155O; appointed 
Superintendent of Glasgow ami the West, 1560;' 
Moderatoi »>!' Genera! Assembly, 1563, finally retired j 
to England, .where he died. /•. Ayrshire (1505), <i. 

28. A le.xatnnr C mini n^luxin , jl/i A", ot (ileneaini, 
leader of Reformed party, which he joined as early as j 
1540; attached himself to Knox on his return to : 
Scotland, 1555 ; delivered to the Queen Regent | 
Knox's letter craving protection to the Reformed 
preachers, and some reform in the church, 1556; 1 
subscribed Covenant drawn up in defence of the 
Protestant Faith, 1557, one <>f the Lords of the 
Congregation ; joined the Reformers at Perth with 
strong force, 1559; fought against Queen Mary at 
Carberry, and alter her imprisonment in l.ochlcvcn, 
entered I Iolyrood Chapel, and destroyed the images, 
altars, and pictures*. As a minor poet, he wrote a 
satirical piece, " The fjermit of Aliareit," or " Lo- 
retto." l>. near Kilmaurs? (1512), ( /. 1574. 

29. John Hamilton, Archbishop of St. Amb'etvs^ 
Abbol of Paisley, opposed English alliance, 1543; I 
Keeper of Privy Seal, and Treasurer of the Kingdom ; 
made Archbishop of St. Andrews in succession lo 
Cardinal Beaton 1 4 Wallace and Mill burn! under hi-, j 
primacy; baptized James VI..; zealous supporter of 
Mary: attainted, after Lahgside; taken in Dumbarton 
Ca., 1571, executed, Stirling. In P552 h. published 

a catechism of religious doctrine, repu ilished 1 885. 1 

lie was the natural son of 1st K. of Arran, by an 
Ayrshire gentlewoman, in which county he seems to 
have been horn, aiid spent his early days. I). (1512), 
./. 1571. 

30. Gilbert Kennedy jrd li. of Cassifh's, friend of 
Ceo. Buchanan; ed. m. Andrews and Paris; 1535-6, 
helped to arrange marriage of fames V. with Princes! 
Magdalene; 15.12, taken prisoner by English at Solway 
Moss; relieved on promising to further the marriage of 
Prince Edward of England with the Princess Mary of 
Scotland ; a prominent Protestant leader, and cnthusi- 
astic supporter of the English Policy ol Union. He 
was one of the protectors o! Wishart, but failed to 
stand by him, in 1545. Having deserted the English 
party, he was named an extraordinary Lord of Session,. 
July, 1546. In 1554, appointed Cord High Treasurer; 
1557, commanded army designed to invade England, 
but failed to accomplish anything ; 1558, having gone 
to France to he present at the marriage of Queen 
Mary with the Dauphin, he died there suddenly. 
b. Culzean Castle, Maybole, (.1515), it. 155S. 

31. Robert Boyd, 4th Lord Boyd, prominent at the 
Reformation period.; 1505, joined Moray and Argyle 
in their unsuccessful rising, and had to retire to Eng- 
land ; returned after death of Kizzio, and was par- 
doned ; joined Queen's party, and fought at Langside. 
lie was one of the Commissioners on her part at 
York and Westminster, and paid her many visits in 
England ; 1571, joined the par!)' of Lennox ; present 
at the election of Mar as Regent, and chosen one of 
the Privy Council; 1 5 7 .5 » helped to arrange "the 
pacification of Perth," anil, November of that year, 
appointed extraordinary Lord of Session; 1578, re- 
moved from seat on the bench ; 1578, Commissioner 
in negotiating a treaty with England, and again 1586. 
In 1582, he was engaged in the Raid of Ruthven, lor 
w hich he was compelled 10 retire to France. On his 
return, 1 5 So , he was restored to his seat on the bench, 
but resigned it, 4th fuly, 1 5SS, and died soon after. 
//. Dean Castle, ncai Kilmarnock, (1517), d. 1590. 

32. Quinlin Kennedy, Abbot of Ctossraguel, R.C. 
Controversialist and Divine 5 noted for his three day's 
debate w ith Knox on the R.C. question at Maybole, 
1 502. l ie published " Ane Compendious Tractive, 
eonforme to the Scripluris 01 Almychtie God, ressoun 
and authorilie, declaring the nerrest and only way to 
eMtablisehe the conscience of ane Christian man, in all 
tuateris quhilk ar in debate concerning faith and 
religion." lie was the fourth son of the 2nd E. of 
Cassillis, and was so highly esteemed by his co- 
religionists tor his piety and sanctity, his learning and 
zeal, that on his death, he was canonised as a Saint. 
Ik Maybole ( I 520), (/. 1564. 

33. Captain Thomas Crawford^ noted soldier. 
Taken prisoner at Pinkie, 1547; released and 
entered jfrench Service, 1501. Returned home with 
Queen Mar;,', 1567, ncgi dated between the Queen and 
Darn ley at Glasgow; after the king's death, joined 
Argyle's party; 1571, leader in the heroic assault, 
and capture of Dumbarton Castle. Provost of Glas- 
gow, CS77' 'b vvas the sixth son of Lawrence of 
Kilbirnic, and l oin there (1521 30) d. 1603. 

34. Adam Wallace or Fian l martyr to Protestant 

October, 1890.] 



faith ; burned at the stake on the Castlebill, Edin- 
burgh, 1550. 

35. Rev. James Boyd, Archbishop of Glasgow ; 1 
Protestant Divine; after the Reformation, minister ol I 
Kirkoswald j r 57 — , promoted to see of Glasgow. ; 
b. Pinkhill, Carrick (1521-30), d. 1581. 

36. Robert Campbell of Kinzcanciiuich ; devoted 
friend of the Reformation; 1 s 5 ' > ■> brought Knox to 
Ayrshire, where, among the descendants of the 
Lollards, tlie Reformer was warmly welcomed. On 
leaving Ayrshire, Campbell conducted Knox to Castle- 
Camimeir, the seat of the Argyle family in Dollar 
parish, where (he Reformer preached for some days 
before quitting Scotland for Geneva. As one of 
Knox's most intimate friends, he was present at his 
death-bed ; and the Reformer entrusted to him the 
care of his wile and children. b. Kin/.eanclcueh, 
Mauchline (1521-30), d. 1574. 

37. Rev. Robert Montgomery, titular Bishop of 
Glasgow ; scion of family of Montgomery of Gififtn, 
in Cunningham; 1566, deemed by Gen. Assembly, 
"apt and able to minister"; 1562, ord. Cupar; 1567, 
translated to Dunblane; 1572, Stirling; j 5 S i , pro- 
moted by simoniacal compact with 1). of Lennox to 
the Archbishopric of Glasgow, forbidden by Gen. 
Assembly to exercise ihe episcopal office ; [582, tried 
by force to possess himself of (he see, but failed, pro- 
cessed and finally excommunicated by the church 
same yeai ; 1584, parliament declared said excom- 
munication null and void ; 1 587, absolved also I))' the 
Commission of Assembly ; settled Symington, Ayr- 
shire- lie seems, like his relative, Alexander 
Montgomery, to have- been a minor poet. fohn 
Hewison ol Cambuslang, denounced him in r 5S4, in 
a sermon at Edinburgh, as "an excommunicated 

id ( 

(ilasi r ov\ 

Beith (1531), <l. 
one of the eai 

38. A'e:\ Pat 
formed preacher* 

and Dunfermline; 1573-8, Moderator of (.Jen. As- 
sembly ; hold opponent of the policy of King James 
to the church ; promoted a renewal of the National 
Covenant; 1596, opposed nomination of bishops; 
1597, commenced to w rite " History of the ( 'hurch of 

Scotland," and collected "Sco.tch Proverbs." h. Ayr- 
shire or Dundee ? ( J 525 ), ,7, 1508. 

39. Gilbert Kennedy, ..-/th R. Cassillis, " King of 
Carrick"; Privy Councillor to. Queen Mary; 1562, 
Justiciary of Carrick j 1565, joined Queen on the 
evening of Darnley's murder; subscribed bond in 
favour of Bdlhwell ; fought at Laaigside ; forced the 
Commendatoi of Crossragnel to sign, certain tacks and 
charters of Abbey lands, September, 1570; joined 
King's party, 1571. />. (.'td/.ean < 'a. (1535),-/. 1570. 

40. Rev. John Pufie^ jealous and upright Reformed 
Minister; originally conventual brother in Dunferm- 
line Abbey, hut suspected ol heresy, lie was con- 
demned to be shut up till be died-. Fortunately the 
Reformation look place, and he escaped ; ord. Re tal- 
r 'k'' 1563; translated to (olinlou, [569; l.eith, 
1570; St. Coles, Edinburgh, 1573. lie was often 
subjected to interference, and even to impris • imerttj 
by the Court, because oi the sermons he preached. 

He was father-in-law to fames Melville, and to Arch- 
bishop Spottiswoode. i>. Mauchline [1537), </, 1600. 

41. Rev. David Cunningham, Bi shop of Aberdeen, 
minister successively of Lanark. Lesmahagow, and 
Cadder ; and 1577, appointed to see of Aberdeen, 
Ambassador to Denmark. b. Cunninghamhead, 
Drcghoin (1538), </. 1603; 

42. Richard Baunatyne, friend and secretary to 
John Knox ; compiled " Memorials of Transactions 
in Scotland from 1569I0 1573;" republished 1806 and 
1836. /'. Ayr (1531-40), d. 1605. 

43. Rev. William Aird, Reformed preacher; rose 
from being a mason to be a leading Edinburgh 
minister; eminent for .skill in Hebrew. He could 
not read till he was 20, when he was taught by his 
wife, subsequently gave self to study, and became 
minister of St. Cuthbeit's, Edinburgh; 1584, he had 

to flee to Kngland ; personal friend of the great 
Presbyterian Divine, Robert Bruce. b. Burnmouth, 
Newmills, Loudoun (1541), d. 1605. 

44. Hew Barclay* minor poet, and popish plotter, 
friend of Alex. Montgomery, b. Lndyland, Kilbirnie, 
(1544 ), d. 1593 or 1597. 

45. James Stewart E, of Arran, favourite of 
James VI. ; served in Low Countries against the 
Spaniards 3 returned home 1578, and immediately 
became royal favourite. He was chief agent in pro- 
curing the fall of Morton ; then, along with Lennox, 
governed Scotland. Their rule so oppressive that i; 
was overthrown by the conspiracy, known as "The 
Raid of Ruthven." On James's escape from captivity, 
Arran w as again restored to power. In I 5 S 3 he be- 
came Lord of Session, and soon after Lord-Lieutenant 
of Scotland, lie now ruled the country with cruelty 
and rapacity, but at length, by the aid of the English* 
the disaffected nobles overthrew him. and drove him 
from power, which he never recovered, though he 
always retained the king's favour. Slain by Douglas 
of Torthorwald. He was 2nd son of Andrew Lord 
Ochiltree, b. (1544). 1 595- 

46. Alexander Montgomery, poet, probably also 
military officer. He published "The Cherrie and 
the Slae," iq«>5, also "The b'ly ting. between Mont- 
gomerie and Polwart," and "The Minde's Melodie," 
&C, &C. ; pensioned by James VI, b. Hazlehead 
Castle, Beith, or, more likely, in Germany (1*545), 

■17. Sir Ffugh Montgomery-, Viscount Montgomery 
of A!\i's; Scottish adventurer in Ulster. lie was the 
6th Laird of B raid $1 an e ; and settled in Ireland 
under the reign of James, w here, as leader of the 
Ulster Plantation or Colony, he prospered greatly. 
Made Viscount 1622. b. Broadstone, Beith 1560, 
,/. 1036. 

48. Marc Alexander Boyd, scholar, minor poet, 
and soldier ; educated Glasgow and l'aris., where he 
alternately appeared as a scholar, gambler, and poet ; 
entered lTcnch army, and server! against King of 
Navarre, 1587; prepared Course of Lectures on 
Justinian, 159J; travelled with L. of Cassillis, and 
returned to Pinkhill, where lie died. />. Pinkhill, 
Dailly, 13th January, 1502, </. 1601. 





( Continued front p. jj, Vol. J I''.) 


ave a eh. nut of 

All the old nurse 

their own; the words always simple, and to 
some may appear trifling; but to the young 
they arc ai all times interesting, and v. hen gi\ en 
in the dM and kindly way by those who may 
still remember them, their worth loses nothing 
in comparison with much of the modern kind. [ |' () || () \ vs • 

Perhaps none of those (luld warld produc- 
tions of the kind addressed to children two or I 
three years old, will be found so complete as j 
the one which may be named the dramatis I 
persona ol the toes. 

A mother, seated before tin 

There was a man in Thcssaly, 
And he was wondrous wise, 
1 It- jumped into a thoi 11 bush, 
And scratched out bdth his eyes ; 
And when he saw his eye* were nut, 
lie danced with might anfl main, 
Then jumped into another hush 
And scratched them in ac tin. 

After a slight summer shower, when the heat 
f the sun soon caused the same to rise again 
s vapour from the parched street or high way — 
te phenomenon was accounted Tor by boys as 

Th rain s awa , th days noo fan in', 
Th' fairies a' are busy ha kin'. 

1 he north shore of the bay at Peterhead is 
1 pounded by half-tide rock ., differing, in si/.e and 
h her separated by small pools of little depth at low 

youngest one on her knees, who is about to be 1 water. On these, in the summer season, boys 

iij) positions ; the most venturesome on 

put to bed, gives the touowing wun inc propci 
emphasis. Taking the child's big toe be- 
tween her ringer and thumb, she chants in the 
old and approved way, passing from one to 

This is th' ane that broke th. 1 barn, 
And this is th' ane that stole th' cum, 
And this is th' ane that ran awa', 
And this is til' ane that tell't a', 
And this is th' wee, wee, cranny, wanny, 
That paid for a". 

The above is often supplemented with 
another which is still well known : — 


gae.d t' th 

»uj» e span<; 
to this wil 

An the\ got a lick oo 
An' a lick not i>' thrift wine's poke, 
An' cam' awa' liame again ; 

Louppie fur -.pane,' -louppie for spany 

Louppie for sp&ug spang™ spang, 

The action of the above is shown by crossing 
and re-crossing the little feet alternately. 

The Corbies //<>/(■ used to be another well 
known chain, having the tricky or playful 
character introduced. The woids are : — - ' 

Pit ycr finger in the corbie's hole ; 
Tli' corbie s nae at name ; 
Th' corbie's aj th' hack o' the ham, 
Pykm' a deid horse bane. 

Another trick rhynie used to lie known to 
school boys : — 

Say, auld gaffar grey beard, 
Without teeth and tongue, 
Gin ye gie me ycr forefinger 
1 11 gie you my tin >om. 

Another, which every school boy ould repeat 
at one time, I have never lieard referred to for 
many years : — 


those farthest out. This custom, which is an 
old one, is known as a " lank on," or " Lockie 
on," Denuded of shoes and stockings, and w ith 
their trousers rolled up above their knees, they 
keep stepping and dancing, while shouting the 
Following :- 

Defying tin: Waves. 
1 am on my lockie sialic, 
Farer oot than ony ane ; 

law, jaw (wave, wave), come an wash me awa' 
L lytic, h) iie awa' t' America. 

Their positions and actions make good sub- 
jects fur the artist. 

Some uT those light and simple" rhymes which 
are here noiiccd, like other light articles, have 
been carried far, and are better known than 
articles of more weight and value. Many ot 
<>ur romances and marvellous tales are equally 
well knojwn to each nationality in Europe, and 
it is impossible to know where they at first had 
their origin ; and some of our old nursery 
rhymes are known to the young on the banks of 
Lakes 1 1 uron and Erie : — 

Ting, larig, low ; hang John Low ! 

Wha's this dial's deed how ? 

Oor pnx/.ey baudrons o' a sair heid. 

A' them wha' kent her whan she was alive, 

Come t' her burial atween four an' live. 

I may heir give -some scraps of old ballad s> 
s.ome of w hich I have never seen in any Col- 
lection ; but which were well known to the 
young days :-- 

I >ally Bairdy had a coo, 
Blnck an' fyte alio,.! th' mou\ 
I wat she was a dorty coo, 
[ley Dally Bairdy. 

October 1890.] 



1 >a!)y Bairdy had a cat, 
That ayt? aboot th' ingle sal, 
She was a sloeket, plump an'fat, 

Canty Dally Bairdy. 

My Johnny's nae a gentleman, 

Nor'yet is he a laird, 

But I would tak" my Johnny lad 

Although lie war a cam) ; 

.An' fur \ mi, an' far you, 

An for you, my Johnny lad, 

I would drink th' buckles o' my sheen 

For you, my fohnny lad. 

The Haggis ? Ihiubar. 
There wis a haggis in Dunbar, 
Heathery, unkuw, (bedel, 
Mony belter, few waur ; 
I lev, (lev, Land dee re. die. 

nailed on the mainmast to secure good luck, 
and to prevent anything uncanny or unfortunate 
happening. Ann was the last resident Spacwife 
in the port ; and horse- shoes on the masts of 
ships, and nailed on the bad-: of entrance doors, 
have not been observed for many years. The 
following refers to a well known whaling captain 
o! former days : 

1 leave for grog, boys ! heave for grog ! 
Double mess puts, Captain Hogg; 

1 leave boys 1 hea\ e ! 

No liervie weaver's scrimpet cog, 
Let it he the best of grog, 
1 feave boys ! heave! 

Mormon o. 

Chappet che< ;e an 
I leathery rinkum fi 
Soo's snoots an' im 
Hey, dey, tan .lee 
Ye may get a bit ./ 
Cin that ye he civil 



Old ballads, such as Sir James the Rose," | 
and "Mill o' 'fifty's Annie/' itsed to be given at 
full length, but began to be displaced in public 
favour after Burns' SOngS came to be known, 
and after the productions of the Eltrick Shep- 
herd, Tannahill, and others, Ramsay's "Gentle 
Shepherd'' continued to be long appreciated, i 
" Ewie wp>the crooked horn," and u Logic o : 
Biichan," still bold their own ; the latter line 
lyric brim; more widely known, and a favourite 
with every lovei ol Sen. b song. 

Upwards of sixty years ag'o, Peterhead put 
out a number ol w haling \ essels, .01. 1 some of the 
capstan songs or chan ting's sung bj the seamen ' 
contained references to past (Hts'toms now out of 
date, and passim; events win. h may be worth 
noticing here. The capstan son- was soon 
picked up by boys, and sun- on the streets. 
The following refer to a female chara< ter ol the 
time, and the forgotten superstition connected 
with a horse shoe : - 

.'vim Silver says we'll a' he nip'd, 
And won't vet out die morn, 
But we'll nail th' horse shoe to th' mast, 
And let hut blaw her horn. 

! Sir, 

Ann Silver, a tramp woman, took up her ! 
residence in Peterhead for a Few years, between 
the years 1826 and [830. She professed being 
a Spacivi(\\ and was patronised by the younger ! 
seamen. At the time mentioned, the- harbosr j 
had not been deepened as .il is now, and the 
larger vessels had often w difficulty in getting | 
out. When one chained to gut ttiprped, Ann 
was blamed for it by some ; and not a few 'a i.d 
a strong faith in the- virtue et a horse shoe 

A Scottish Tomh in Belgium.— The fol- 
lowing letter, which appeared in the Edinburgh 
Evc?nt$g Dispatch for 30th August, 1890, may 
lie of sufficient interest to merit a place in 
S. N. (J. :— 

1 1 Place Surlet de Chokies, 

Brussels, August 25, 1890. 
A few days ago a tomh was discovered in . 

the churchyard at La 
llulpe, a village at an 
hour's distance from Brus- 
sels, on the main line 
to Luxembourg, which, 
through its reminiscence, 
may he of some interest 
a. the Scottish public. I 
send hereby a ya< -simile 
of the inscription and 
rough sketch ol the tomb- 
stone, w hull is w ell pre- 
Set Veil, awl ^ erected 
against the walls of the 
cemetery. The inscrip- 
tion, although effaced, is 
still distinctly to be made 
1 am, 
Bon Van Dkdkmy. 
: /'. .V. • As regards the 
person himself nothing is 
known here. 


XBd-tE 11624 AGE DE 84. 
In reference to the same stone the 11 lust rated 
London AVws (Sept. 6 says: " Mr. Villiers 

Cn git Muur. 

9 6 


Sankey writes from La Hulpe in Belgium: — 
' Through M.. Dricot, n master builder, I have 
made a very interesting discovery in the church- 
yard here— namely, the tomb of Charles Ihiillie, 
secretary to Queen Mary of Scots. Over it is a 
stone cross between two and three feet high.' *' 

. . . . j. Caldek Rossi. 


Litekatukk.— The following additional peri- 
odicals, hitherto unnoticed in this bibliography, 
have just been shown me :— 

1842. Abu-dun Monthly Chronicle, devoted to 
literature, politics, and domestic intelligence. No. r, 
January, 1842. Price id., 4 pp. folio. Imprint 
"Aberdeen, Printed by James Daniel, letterpress and 
copperplate printer, 48 Castle Street, and published 
on the first day of ever) month by lames Straehan, 
bookseller and stationer, 60 Castle Street, where 
orders lor the Chronicle and communications. to v the ! 
editor may he left.' This production, of which I have 1 
seen only one number, is of the same si/.e and jM>t up j 
in the same typograpical style as the Aberdeen Monthly 
Circular, with which it might he very readily con- 
founded. The title is identical, with the exception 
that the wool Chronicle is substituted for Circular, j 
The connection between the two papers on inspection 
becomes very palpable. The Circular was started in 
1840, Straehan the bookseller publishing, and Daniel | 
printing. The editorship was in the hands ol lames 
Bruce, perhaps the most energetic literary man in | 
Aberdeen at tins period. Straehan had published for 
him the well known Black /Calendar of Abo deen, and i 
the life of Peter Young, the notorious "caird." Bruce 
began a series of articles in the Circular entitled the 
"Aberdeen Pulpit," in which Aberdeen clergymen of 1 
the period were sketched in a style unknown to local 
journalism of to-day. The articles were undoubtedly 
clever but also undoubtedly ribald. They were after- 
wards " made up into hook-form. Straehan ran the ! 
Circular for three numbers, when he stiflly announces 
that " after thai date he will cease to be the publisher" 
pf the paper, and "he has no interest in thai periodical, 
which has now passed into other hands." Daniel, the 
printer, then assumed the rtf/i? of publisher. A rupture 
ol some kind between' Straehan and Hi uceseemsto ha\ e 
taken place. Perhaps Bruce was becoming too personal 
for StraehaiVs taste, and his business connection. At 
any rate Daniel -carried on the Circular till July, [841, ] 
Bruce contributing to the last. The paper then died, 
but six months later appeared the Chronicfe, the w hole 
tone ol which shows clearly that a rupture had take n 
place between Bruce and his publisher. The series of 
articles on the Aberdeen Pulpit in the Circular is re- 
placed in the Chronicle by a series -or the beginning 
of one -on " Aberdeen Literary Characters,'' of which 
Bruce himself forms the opening sketch. lie is pretty 
severely dealt with, although the writer seems half 
afraid of his adversary's power of rebutting. The 
very books that Straehan had published foi Bruce arc 
criticised in not loo friendly a style, and one passage 
in the life of " Caird" Young is characterised as 
' ' contemptible twaddle," and "as destitute of common 
sense as ii is void of religion?'' Part of lh< article is 

fortunately biographical, and gives a peep into 
Aberdeen journalism' ol die period. Bruce, says the 
writer, was bred to the apothecary business, 
and, no doubt, with the hero in the play, thinking 
that his genius should not be con lined to the pestle 
and the mortar, he accepted the office of reporter to 
the Aberdeen f/erald, when ii was under that potent 

editor, Mr. Bower. Owing tO sonic disputes, with 

which we have no concern, he left thai employment, 
and was soon after translated to be reporter to die 
Journal and the Constitutional, situations which he 
now fills with great credit to himself, and, we hope, 
to the satisfaction ol the Aberdeen public; and we 
111 ay take this opportunity of saying that both he and 
Mr. [now Dr.]J. II. Wilson of the Herald have been 
the most accurate in conveying the sentiments of our 
public orators through the channel of their respective 
papers," Brace's first article— " unconnected with 
Ins professional capacity"— is said to have been a 
contribution to the Aberdeen Magazine (Smith's) on 
( leruian literature. The sketch goes on to say — " Mr. 
lame-, Bruce is rather a Tory in_ politics ; lie abuses 
the Chartists without mercy. We understand that he 
does not write many political articles for the papers 
he is connected with. It is needless to state that he 
is an Intrusionist, and is said to have written most of 
the Aberdeen Monthly Circular, particularly those 
sketches ol the clergy which appeared in that work. 
Me thinks precious little of the rights of the people, 
and would he the last to give them the choice- of their 
own clergymen;" Bruce was afterwards successively 
editor of the Fifes A ire Journal, Madras Athenteum, 
Newcastle Chronicle, and the Northern Whig, Belfast, 
where he died in 1 SO I at the age of 53. His best 
known works are the Black /Calendar of Aberdeen, 
1840; Eminent Man of Aberdeen, 1841 ; Classic and 
HisLvic Portraits. 1 S53 ; and Scenes and Sights in the 
East, 1856. He ks briefly sketched by Miss 
Macdonell in Mr. Leslie Stephen's Dictionary of 
Bio : ora P h) . 

1890. Munt lily Journal in connection -.c-ith the 
Caledonian Order of United Odd [fellows Friendly 

Our tnolto is love, and our eiflhlem a dove, 
Supported by "friendship." and "truth," 

While the hand and the heart must for ever take part 
In dire. tin..; the virtues of youth. — Autd GlentaJtit. 

Published by the Provisional lixecutive Committee. 
Editor James M nit land, 13 Canal Street, Aberdeen. 
Sub-Editor Alex. Bowman, 66 Barron Street, Wood- 
side. Articles intended foi insertion must be sun 
to 13 Canal Street on or before the 101I1 day of each 
month. Aberdeen: Printed by James C. McKay, 
68 and 70 Netherkirkgate. 1S90. Such is the full 
title page ol this magazine, which appeared for the 
lirst time in April, 1890, at id. ' It is an Syo ol iS 
pages with a cover. This Journal, as the outcome of 
the Caledonian Order, has an interesting place in the 
history of English ( kld'fellowship. The majority of 
the Aberdeen Lodges, .h may be remembered, se- 
ceded from the Bolluti Unity ol Oddfellows in 1888. 
The .scotch Lodges had a number of grievances 
against the Bolton Unity. The principal of these 
was insufficient representation in the government of 
the Order, and. the question of delegates' expenses. 



The whole dispute is epitomised in the first number ' 
of the journal \\\ an article entitled ''The l£xorius." 
It would appear that the Molton Unity refused to 
listen to the representations of the Scotch members] 
for reform. '"The conviction was driven'' on the 
Scotchmen " that there was no /airplay'''' to be got I 
fur them in the Bolton Unity, and the dissatisfaction 
culminated at the Annual Moveable Council ol that 
Unity, held in Blackburn, in August, 1888. " '1 he 
last straw that broke the camel's back was the ap- 
pointment ol a President in direct opposition in the 
wishes of the Aberdeen delegates, and without so 
much as hearing the reasons against the appoint- 
ment. The Highland Mood of the northerners," 
continues a writer in the Journal, "was at length 
roused to fever heal, and nothing short of secession 
to a man would 'satisfy them." "There was 
no honourable course left for the delegates," 
writes another of the sececlers, " but to with- 
draw from such a meeting," which they accordingly 
did in a body, leaving behind them the prophecy 
" r J 'hat the B.U. had gamed a President and lost a 
nation." Six Lodges severed their connection, five 
of them forming - the Caledonian Order in May, 1 889, 
with a membership of about 1300. The fu st Annual 
Moveable Council of the Order was held in Aberdeen 
last August, when eight Lodges had joined the new 
Order. In April the' Journal was started. " Notwith- 
standing the pessimistic criticism of a local semi-comic, 
semi-prophetic, ami thoroughly immodest journal 
to quote the editorial note- the Journal was a 
access, 1000 of- No.. 1 being printed, and nearly all 
sold. The second uuiTibei and its successors have 
been published and sold for the Provisional Com 
mi t tee by Stephen Crookshanks, tobacconist and news- 
agent, [22 George Street, Aberdeen. Five numbers 
have been published UMitlMv, the August one being I 

part of tlw renort ol the Moveable Council. The con- 
tents of the journal, as may he supposed, are almost 
technical, with the exception ol a story, " I libb's Dot ; 
the Story of a foundling," which occupied lour num- 
bers, ami almost entirely composed the August 

J. Malcolm Bulloch. 

Heraldic Punctuation. I have seen the 
point debated, whether commas should be 
placed on blazoning arms, as thus :- -" Gu/es, 
three wolves' heads, erased, argent^ armed and 
langued, azure? I say, certainly not, for these 
reasons; -We have our heraldry, ol course, 
from Trance ; and we should be guided by 
French syntax in blazoning. Now, the above 
in French would be :-- Porte de gueules trois 
tetes de loup arrache'es & argent, armees et 
languees d 1 azur." The exact value of this in 
English would be :■ — bears [on a field] of 
throat colour three wolves' beads torn off 
[coloured] in silver, toothed and tongucd blue," 
or "with the. teeth and tongues painted blue." 
As we do not say usually "painted, blue'' with 
a comma between, it is clear that azure here 
should not be preceded by a *comma. It is 

equivalent to waiting ''armed and langued with 
blue." And I think this general practice is in 
favour of my view. I think it would be also 
correct to punctuate " porter, de gueules," &c. ; 
and therefore I would not reject the comma 
after "gules.' But " argent : ' and "azure" 
must surely be taken as adjectives in strict 
concord with their substantive, which is "beads"; 
and adjectives must not be separated by a 
comma from their substantives. 

A. P. S. 

Anent the Bell of Tough. — " School- 
house of Tough, 1 1 til January., 1735 years. 
The which day, the Session being called, &c, 
The minister acquainted the session that be bad 
now got into bis bands all the money the pa- 
rishioners bad consented to give for purchasing 
a Dell to ibis kirk, and that be bad, in obedience 
to the appointment of the session, assured the 
several contributors that they were to have the 
use (without paying anything to the officer), for 
themselves and their posterity at their several 
funerals, ay and so long as the said bell should 
last ; and also that they were to have the bell 
rung every night at eight o'clock, upon satisfy- 
ing the officer tor his pains. The minister also 
acquainted the session that he had a letter from 
Aberdeen, acquainting him that John Mowat, 
m Old Aberdeen, had bought the music bells of 
King's College, one Of which was very proper 
tor this kirk, w hich he was willing to sell at a 
reasonable rale and to take the old bell, which 
Davit] Wilson, Finzeuch, had given to the kirk, 

as part of the pi ice ol the bell he had to sell, if 
the session inclined to dispose of the: same in a 
reasonable way, and also to lake all the bad 
money in the box by weight as the session and 
he' should agree. 'I he session, taking the affair 
under their consideration, and finding thai they 
now had an opportunity of being speedily fur- 
nished with a bell I" the kirk, appointed the 
minister t<» agree with the said John Mowat 
about the: said bell, if he was reasonable in his 
demands, and if the minister saw that the money 
contributed by the parishioners, together with 
tin; old bell, (which they empower him to sell,) 
and w hat the session < an spare out of the box, 
will amount to the price agreed on betwixt him 
and John Mowat." 

" Schoolhoiisc of 'rough, April 41b, 1756 yeais. 
The .Session being called, &C The minister 
informed the session that he had bought the 
bell from John Mowat, according to the; session's 
appointment, and had caused the same to be 
brought home and put in the steeple ; that the 
said John Mowat had allowed six pounds Scots 
lor the (dd bell, and four pounds Scots for the 
bad money that was in the box, all which he had 

9 8 

[OCTOBCR, 1890 

taken as a part of the price of the bell lie sold. 
The session declare their satisfaction with the 
bell, and approve of their minister's conduct." 


461. Thf Battle of Aiky Brae, All writers 
on the parish of Old Deer mention the battle said to 
have been fought at Aiky Brae between Bruce and 
Comvn, Earl of Buchan, in the yeai 1 308, and a 
cluster of tumuli is still pointed out as the graves of 
warriors who fell in the conflict. Local tradition 
even tells that the Common men were buried in 
trenches under the long mounds, and those ol moie 
note, singly, tinder the round ones. Lately, under 
the auspices of the Buchan Field Club, I made careful 
diggings into six of the fourteen mounds still traceable. 
The mounch, which are from nine to twelve feet in 
diameter, and now but slightly rising above the sur- 
rounding ground, did not contain a single mark ol 
sepulture >i any kind, and not a hone or vestige of 
anything oi'ganic, nor was there any trace ol lire, or 
any prehistoric remains whatever. Indeed the boulder 
clay below had never been broken up or disturbed. 
Even had the bodies been placed on the surface, and 
the earth and stones piled over them (and surely they 
were not so barbarous even in those early days) J 
cannot admit that decay could have been so complete 
as to leave not a rack behind. Very likely these 
tumuli were erected for .some purpose in connection 
with the annual Fair Still held there, as othei mounds 
have been constructed at a later date near the same 
Spot for a iike purpose. However much we ma}' 
cherish and cling to old traditions, I fear we must give 
up this one, and seek for the graves of the warriors 
somewhere els.-. Hut what po'ol have we that e\ci 
such a battle was nuudu here? Some slight skipnish 
may have occurred, lnut ii an engagement ol amy mag- 
nitude had taken place, study some person of note 
would have fallen, and some record ol the event pre- 
served ; if only a few had fallen, it. is more likely the 
bodies would have been buried in the churchyard at 
the Abbey of Deer, not a mile distant. I think this 
a good subject for S. dr Q, Can any reader 
throw some additional light on the matter? 

Atherb, Maud. JOHN Milne. 

462. ''Plain as a Pikestaff." I should like 
to know the meaning ol this proverbial expression, 
and when and where it w as first used ? F. 

463. " Rebel at the Horn."— Can any of your 
readers explain this ? K. 

464. The ViLlagk of Tor it y, Kincardine- 
shire. (1) When did the village of Torry, in Kin- 
cardineshire, (.-ease to be a Burgh ol Barony? (2) 
Who was the superior or superiors? Torry was at 
one time an important station for pilgrims from the 
Abbey of Arbroath to the shrine of Saint Duthac at 
Tain, before crossing the river on their way to Tain, 
ami after reCfossing it on their return journey. 

WlLUAJt In. 1 . 1 1 > . 

19 Mill Bank Lane*, Aberdeen, 

465. Forbes Coat-of-Ahms.- In looking over a 
few heraldry books I find the armorial bearings of the 
surname Forbes written thus : -" A/ure," three boars' 
heads couped, " Argent" muzzled, " Gules," and 
sometimes instead of " boars' heads" they are given 
u bears' heads." Can any of your renders, versed in 
heraldry, give the correct coat-of-arms ? 

Little firlot. 

466. The late Charles Gibbon, Novelist. — 
Can any reader tell, me where Charles Gibbon was 
bom ? The rec ent obituary notices of him, so far as 
I can remember, simply called him a Scotchman. 
The Scottish American^ of September 3, gives Aber- 
deen as his birthplace. I remember a story of his 

I which appeared first in the Dundee Weekly News, 
and the scene ol which was laid in Aberdeen. (Jan 
any one confirm these statements ? |. M. B. 

467. David Drummond's Poems. — At the end 
of the notice of David Drummund in the Modem 
Scottish Minstrel is this sentence: — '''The Bonnie 
Lass o' Levenside' was first printed, with the author's 
consent, though without acknowledgment, in a small 
volume of poems by William Ran ken, Leven, pub- 
lished in l!Sl2." lias anyone seen this volume, or 
can one tell where a copy of it may be seen? 


468. Poem Wanted,— Gas was introduced into 

Kirkland Works, near Leven, on 25th January, 1810. 
I David Drummond commemorated the event in a 
poem entitled "The Twa Lichts : the Auld and the 
New." This poem is said to have been published 
in the volume referred to in the preceding question. 
Has any one seen it there or elsewhere? Dermon. 

469. A Tl.M. l ids RHYME. f-H-aS an)' reader ever 
heard, the following rhyme u-cd by travelling tin- 
smiths in some places known as " white-ironers " — 
in displaying their wares? 

A bran.ler. a slander, 

A tillypanuic, or a ladle, 

A jouggie for the bairn to play wi'-— 

Will ye no buy the day, guidwife? 

f. M. B. 


233. Latin POEMS (II., 42). --In my note books 
T have this query and answer from your Notes 
Queries. The answer refers to David Leheh. Hut 
there was a John Leech. See foot-note in Masson's 
Drummond of Hawthorndaiy p. 227. This Leech, 
\\h>> signed himself Joannes Leochams, S.l'.l)., wrote 
; several Latin letters to Scot <>! SeoLstarvet, and 1 have 
j no doubt he is the Leech regarding whom your 
! correspondent enquired, 

4 Argvie Park Tel., J. ' Y I II CERT HARDEN. 


I 446. Black Monday (IV., 57).— It may interest 
I some of your correspondents to lum that April 8, A.D. 
I 1652 ( 1 Y., p, 78), was not a M< ndav, and that April 6, 
j A . l>. 1360 (//'.), was neither Laslei Monday, uor even 
I a Monday. James G AM MACK, LL.D. 

October, 1890. 

scorn si j notes and queries. 


456. Sik Leona^b Il.Mi.ihAv, Lord Mayor of .being based upon any previous Grammar, but 
London*, r 665!— It Is stated in Vol. IN'., p. 5S, and : compiled as the result of long and minute study 

again in Vol. IV., p. 79, and upon the authority ol 
Burke, that this gentleman's nanie was Sir Leonard 
Halliflay; In Thermion's History x Sumy, ana 

■0*scr&a*** of London mdWvsOn/nsten at page^i. I Writings as the basis bfgn 
he is named Sir f/enrv 1 la hday m t he htft o Lord ■ , , , • • , , • , 

', ,, - •■ , r t \r <■ /i instead of the poetical texts which arc uniformly 

Mayors. Would any correspondent <>l .s. JV. {>, , , r , 1 ,. , . , , x 

I Of the literature of which it is a methodical 
exponent, it differs also from other Grammars 
in taking the lantioiaye of the older prose 

deal in\ estimation 

put this discrepancy riglii . J 
[o Mill Bank Lane, Abe 


/ f 95. Al'I'KK.VfK I 

The following, from 
Eerest. Squibing 
he says :-" A Large 
have indicated mo 
that period salmon v 
considerable river-, i 
accounted a delicacy 
the sen ants, w ho d 
knot that they slum! 
luscious and surfciti! 
a tveek."— Old M01 

:s l'KD < 1 n Salmon (IV. 75). , 
Sir Waller Scott, may he ol in 
the Laird of Mflnwood's table 
boijed salmon would now-a-day 
•e liberal liousekeepine ; bul a 

rally ap 
ired to 

f. Gai.! 

ilii d 

live limes 

late and of less dialectical value; A sharper 
I discrimination is m?Hlc between early and late 
forms,tbe historical method being followed ;is 
I closely as possible ; while the dialect that is 
chiefly elucidated is the West Saxon, with side 
glances at the chief variations ol the oilier 
j dialects. The work is fnll, exactj and strictly 
scientific. It is not a begin net's book, and 
assumes some knowledge of Gothic as well- as of 
Old English ("Anglo-Saxon"). It contains a 
j complete index, is rich in illustrations, and 
altogether well deserves Professor Sweet's 
1 adjective of "admirable." \V. M. 



Bcnnachie. I >y A 1 .f :x. Inkson McCONNOCHJtt. 

Aberdeen : \). Wvlbe & Son, 1890. [174 pp. 

yp s by 5 in. J ' k 
There seems to be nothing Worth knowing 
about Bennachic that the author lias not 
gathered into this timely volume. We say 
timely in vie,\\ of the increased attention that 

i-. belli:.; paid mm 11 Semi i-.'hinoent.i 111 n< lallv, 
and of late specially to lb nn.o hie. Mountain 
ecrltlg is a natural secfuol to modern travel I ftlg 
facilities, and iri this department Mr. McCon- 
nochic is a specialist, undei whose enthusiasm 
the reproach that our coiintTynien often knew 
more of the Matterhorn and the Righi than oi 
our Scottish Alps is being gradually effaced. 

me'e it is seen to be invested with 

Bcnnachie. is 
author's guick 

a large amount ol interest, to] 
legendary, and historical. By embraein,; t!ie 
surroundings of the mountain, a larger area of 
readers will be interested, and we bad sure the 
volume will be popular. An excellent map 
accompanies it, and a few helpful illustrations. 


A Grammar of Ohl English^ by Eduarij 
SjEVKUS, Ph.D., translated and edited by 
ALHteRT S. Co k, Pb. Ik Boston : Ginn & 
Co. ; London : Edward Arnold. 
We desire to call the attention of Old English 
scholars to this able work by Professor Sievers 
of Halle, which has been so well translated and 
edited by Professor Cook of Yale, a former 
pupil of Sievers'. The work is original in lot 

'count oj the llor/c carried on by 
lent Protestant Kfiscopal Aforavfan 
in Ireland from IJ46. Goodall and 
1 Sudclick, Leeds, 1890. 
THI$ is the 20th and concluding part of ibis 
work, noticed before (Vol I., p. 183). Jt is a 
j matter of congratulation that the United Brcth- 
1 ren in Great Britain have found such fitting his* delineation. They have been a not un- 
j important factor in the evangelizing of the world, 
and in our own country, though modest and 
retiring to a degree, have borne admonitory 
! testimony, by precept and practice, to the value 
I of a pure yospet. The Brethn n are on the de- 
"clinCi although the author thinks that there aie 
; not wanting signs ol a revival. In any case 
I " E. M. C" by pen and pencil, has given, in a 
most interesting series of papers and sketches, 
a local habitation and a nana- to one of the most 
zealous and self-denying, and at the same tune 
most modest of religious communities. Ed. 

I Tke Church of Speyniouth] b\ \V.M. CR.ftlONf), 
A. jVL, Schoolmaster of Cullen. Eh»in, 1806. 

j the compass of this little book of 97 pages 
I one may derive a large bod) - ol information re- 
|. garding the ecclesiastical, religious, and even 
the social condition of the people of the Norland 
parish of Speymouth, careful!} collated from 
the Kirk Session Register by the indefatigable 
editor It is most interesting and instructive 
reading, but not free from perplcxitu s. What, 
for example, is implied by being threatened with 
the Gowes ? (p. 29) ; and who are the corathers? 
(j). 5). These re< ords extend from the date of 
1645, when the school w as built of feal ami the 
kirk was t/tec/cit ) and when everything else was 
in primitive keeping. This latest issue of a 
series will be- welcomed by all interested in 
Scottish life and character. El). 



British Record Society 

Into which is amalgamated the Index Society, founded 1878 


3-n&ei*es anO Calendars 



i) resilient. 

The Right Hun. KARL BEAUCHAMP, P.O. 


The Right Rev. The LORD IMSHOI' OF OXFORD, D.D. 
The Right Hon. Sir JAMES MANN EN, Knt., P.C. 
Alderman Sir REGINALD HANSOM, BarT.,LL.D., F.S.A- 
The Hun. E. J. PHELPS, J.I..D. 

The Right Hun. A. M. PORTER, Master of the Rolls, Ireland. 

The Society's issn . appear in the INDEX LIBRARY, 
which is issued quarterly. 

Already completed or in progress: •- 
Northampton and Rutland Wills, 1508-1652. 
Cruincery Proceedings, temfi. Charles [., Royalist. 
Composition Papers ; Signet Bills, 1584-1624. 
Berkshire Wills, 1508-1652 ; Lichfield Wills, 1510-1652. 
Sussex Wills, 15^0.165-J ; Prerogative Wills of Canter- 
bury, 1383-1558. 


For Prospectus and List of Publications, address the Hon 
See, W. P. W- Phiilimore, M.A.B.O-L., 121 Chancery 
Lane, London. 

i6th Year of Publication. 

Salopian Sbrct>s an& ipatcbcs* 

NiM>:s un nu, Hisivuv, An i i ties, and Foi k Lore 

Reprinted, with additions, from 
The Subscription is 8/- (8 Quarterly Parts at i/- each), pay 
able in advance. Subscribers' named may be received at any 
time for the current Volume (IX. ), which commences January 
i, 1889. 


London: Mitchell and Hughes, [40, Waedouk St., W. 

Berkshire Notes and Queries, 

A Quarterly Journal devoted to the Family History, 
Antiquities, and Topography of the Royal County. 
Part I., Vol. i., published June, 1890. Subscription 5/ per 
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Vol. IV.] No. 6. 

NOVEMBER, 1890. 

o, ,.,,,.,.„,.„ / Phicb 3 d. 



Sculptured Tombstone at Essie, .. .. .. .. 103 

Heraldic Printing, .. .. .. .. .. .. 103 

Culloden, 104 

The Stuart Dynasty, iu 7 

Epitaphs and Inscriptions in St. Nicholas Church and 

Churchyard, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108 

Bibliography of Dundee Periodical Literature,. . .. 109 

Notable Men and Women of Ayrshire, .. .. .. 112 

Aberdeen Episcopalians, 1710-2, .. .. .. .. 114 

Curious Tryals, .. .. .. .. .. ..115 

Notes on tlic Origin of the Name, Family, and Anns 

of Skene, .. .. .. .. .. .. ..116 

Minor Notes : — 

The Skene Arms, .. .. .. .. .. .117 

"HUdebrod" or " Eltnrod," .. 117 

Connach, .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 117 

Nursery Stories and Juvenile Rhymes, .. . . . 118 

Queries : — 

King's College Bells- The Authorship of "The Wee 
Hit Wifikie"— Local Ballad— Humphrey Mills, Clock- 
maker — Communication between Peterhead and Aber- 
deen—The Provosts of Aberdeen— Knock Castle- Old 
Bridge of Gaim -^Perforated Stone in River Dee at' 
Cambiis O'May -■ Incorporated Trades — Grammar 
School, Aberdeen— To Hell or Connaught— Rose of 
Lethendie— Rose of Aberdeen— Murder of Campbell of 
Lawers— " Things in General "• -Leslie among the 

Leiths, 118 

Answkks : — 

Latin Poems— Cock of the North -James Wales, 
Artist- Grammar School Medals— Apprentices Fed on 
Salmon The Batik of AikeyBrac Rebel at the Horn 
The Village of lorry, Kincmdiiutshtre Kotbcs Coai of 

Anns— David Drummond's Poem* 

Literature, .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 122 


The lady was Janet, youngest daughter of John 
Lumsden of Cushnie, who died in 1508, by his 
second wife, Elizabeth Menzies of Pitfoddels. 
She had two sisters -Beatrix, married to Win. 
Kiny, "porlioner" of liana, and Elizabeth, mar- 
ried to John Burnetl of Leys. 

The husband's armorial bearings have been 
much defaced, but I think there is something 
like a horse's head on the shield. On the lady's 
side arc the Lumsden arms, but the buckle 
which ought to occupy the centre is either effaced 
or has-been omitted altogether by the stonecutter. 

The slab is of the old red sandstone found in 
the district, and has borne wonderfully well the 
inclemencies of nearly 300 winters, as well as 
rougher usage at the hand.-) of man. 

II. W. L. 

In the Herald ami Genealogist, I., 84. the late 


Nichols discusses at considerable 

The monumental slab, of which an illustratio 
is given in tins' number, lies in the little Kirk- j all 1 
yard of Essie, now included in the Parish of I &c, 


When I first knew the place, five-and-twenty 
years ago, the ruined walls of the old kirk one 
of the smallest perhaps in Sc otland -were still | ambiguity 
standing, though only a few feet in height, and j the formci 

length the: methods oi printing heraldic blazonry, 
deprecating the excessive use of points, capitals, 
and conl 1 actions. 

lie condemns the habit of printing the names 
of tinctures in italics. It cannot be defended 
on the plea thai the terms are French, for they 
have keen completely anglicised in pronuncia- 
tion and 111 spelling. \C{. 'gueules' and 'gules', 
'azur' and 'azure'). Or on the plea that it is 
desirable to emphasize the colours, for then such 
phrases as 'of the field,' 'of the hist,' iSrc.-, such 
terms ;h £ coUMerchanged,' 'proper,' &c, and 
all others implying colour, as 'bezants,' 'plates,' 
ild be printed in italics also. The habit 

has prob 

y originated in the difficulty that 
rises in distinguishing the heraldic 
from the conjunction ' >>r'. But all 
an be avoided by taking t are that 
5' always succeeded by a point. 

this slab lay within the enclosure. Since then j Mr. Nichols also enjoins the printing of * three 

the churchyard has- been swept and garnished, I wolf's heads', 'three palmer's slaves ', &c, not 

but, unhappily, in executing this pious .and laud- three wolves' heads', 'three palmers 1 staves', 

able work, all trace of the old walls have .been Sic, the charges being each the head of one 

obliterated and this innocent tombstone has been ' wolf, the staff of one palmer, &c,, and it being 

displaced and broken. : grammatically sufficient that the nominative 

Hencath it, as the inscription r&cords, lay the ! case 'heads', &c, should agree with the nu- 

rcmains ot James Duncan ol Merdrum, who ! moral three. French heraldic u age hear- nut 

died 2nd November, 1601, and his wife "I. ; this reasoning ' trots teles. d< loup'. 

Lumsdel." Of the gentleman I know nothing. 1 P. J. Anderson, 



NEARLY ;i century and a half have passed away 
since civil war devastate! Great Britain, ami 
the feeling's which then drove men t<> destroy 
their kindred or to sacrifice life and fortune on a 
desperate chance exist no longer, though the 
sentiment of sympathy si ill animates those ol 
the present generation who pride themselves on 
the gallant deeds of their ancestors. We may 
now calmly cviticize the struggles of those days, 
but in doing so we must bear in mind the cir- 
cumstances by whi( h men were then surrounded, 
the bitter acrimony of the contest, tin- less civi- 
lized, indeed almost savage, natures of many oi 
the actors, and the spirit of the age, so different 
in all essential points to that of our tunes. 

The King oi England was a German who 
spoke English with difficulty, whose family had 
not been established on the throne foi much 
more than thirty years, and who was an utter 
stranger to the great mass of the people. Hut 
Ik: was politically and religiously a Protestant, 
he conscientiously maintained tin: constitution 
he had accepted, and his presence excluded the 
race of Stuart and the Roman Catholic religion 
from ruling I he Si au-. Consequently his dynasty 
was supported in England and in the Southern 
portions of Scotland, while in Lancashire and 
in the Highlands; where the Roman Catholics 
were in the majority, the cause of the exiled 
family was popular. 

It was, therefore, wise of the invading part)' 
to commence operations on tie.' Western coast 
of Scotland, where, the warnvhearied but semi 
civilized Highlander, whose chiel virtue was 
loyalty to hi-- leader, and whose chief vice was a 
love of plunder, enthusiastically welcomed the band. The personal appearance and 
the winning manners ol Charles Edward Stuarl 
had no little share rn furthering his cause, ami 
though many distrusted the possibility ol suc- 
cess, they were unable to resist when appealed 
to by him. He land-eel at Moidart on tin- 25th 
of [uly, 1745, accompanied M )' Marquis of 
Tullibarcline (i), 1 Sir Thomas Sheridan (2), Sir 
John Macdonald, Mi'. Krancis Strickland, Mr. G. 
Kelly (2A), Mr. Tineas Ma'cdortald, and Mr. 

Cameron oi l.odhel (3) met him and endea- 
voured to dissuade him from entering upon a 
hopeless enterprise, but he gave wa\ before the 
Prince's arguments, and devoted life and fortune 
to the cause. 

Prince Charles was at this time J 5 years of 
age, handsome, tall, prepossessing, and lull of 
energy. 1 le had 'been bom at Rome and' passed 

1 The numbui s»( Lu lled i<> bh« nam. - relate lo not* vvliicl 
will appear in Siilwiftiuuiii muitlwi . 

his childhood in the Papal States, but neverthe- 
less spoke English well, was fond of field sports, 
and had a good seat on a horse. He had seen 
a little war when he served under Berwick at 
Gaeta in 1 734, but otherwise he Ijad no experi- 
ence of military duties. 11 is education had been 
so deficient that man)' accused his tutor, Sir 
Thomas Sheridan, of beiny in Hanoverian pay. 
Charles was brave and zealous, full of feeling 
?it the moment for those who were around him, 
but, like all his race, forgetful of their services 
when the time of excitement had passed away ; 
and firmly believing in his right to reign and 
govern, he accepted the allegiance of his follow- 
ers as a duty the)' owed him. His education 
had intensified this conviction in his personal 
prerogatives, while it prevented his profiting by 
the lesson which the misfortunes of his ancestors 
might have taught him. 

After landing he raised his standard at Glen- 
finnan, which was unfurled by the old Marquis 
of Tullibardine. It was made of red silk with a 
white square in the centre:. Here he was joined 
by a small number of Highlanders, which in- 
creased as he inarched forward, and the con- 
duct ol Sir John Cope, who reined before him, 
left the country open. Prince Charles occupied 
Edinburgh, defeated Cope at I'rcstonpans, and 
marched into England .is far as Derby, but find- 
ing no encouragement returned to Scotland. At 
Falkirk he defeated 1 [awley, w ho had succeeded 
Cope as Commander-in-chief in Scotland, and 
the [British Government thereupon sent the Duke 
of Cumberland to take the chief command. 

Pi ince William, second son of Kin- ( leorgc 1 1 , this time a young good-looking soldier, 
extremely popular m the army, and generally 
liked by all who knew him. I l is ill success at 
1'ontenoy had been forgotten in tin; reports of 
his personal gallantry, and his devotion to his 
profession, the duties of which he well under- 
stood, was heartily appreciated by all military 
men. lie was inclined to corpulence, but was 
nevertheless active and energetic, and though 
Ins ideas of discipline fed him occasionally to 
an excess of severity, he w as kind ami indulgent 
to his soldiers, and was a firm and trustworthy 
friend to those he esteemed. 

Travelling from London with the utmost 
speed he arrived ai Edinburgh at three o'clock 
on the morning of the thirtieth of |anuary, 1746. 
W ith him came Earl ( atheart (4), I .ord Bury (5), 
Colom l Conway (6), and Colonel Vorke (7), his 
aides-de-camp. Having summoned Generals 
I I aw ley (8 > and Huskc he prepared his plan of 
campaign with them, and shortly afterwards 
marched with his army to Perth, which he en- 
tered soon after Charles had left it. 

The Highland army retired without making 



any attempt to check the advance of their assail- 
ants. One division under Lonl George Mur- 
ray (0) moved round liy Aberdeen, while ilic 
main bod)' under Prince Charles marched by 
Dunkeld, Blair Alhole, Ruthven in Badenoi h 
and Moy (where an b) Lord Loudon lo 
capture His Royal Highness was defeated) lo 
Inverness. Here he was shortly afterwards 
joined by Lord George Murray. 

The Puke of Cumberland did not think il safe 
to follow the Highlanders through their mountain 
fastnesses, and after some delay at Perth marched 
to Aberdeen. The infantry reached Coupar- 
Angus on the 18 th of February, and proceeded 
by Forfar, .Montrose; Bervie and Stonehaven, 
while the cavalry followed by Dundee, Arbroath, 
Brechin and [nglismaldie to Aberdeen. 

The heavy snows and rains had made ihe 
country very unfit for marching, so thai the Duke 
halted for five weeks at Aberdeen. This seems 
to have been too prolonged :i delay, but he may 
have required time lo organize his forces, which 
had been augmented by the arrival ol a number 
of Highlanders, man)' of whom, however, only 
came to Aberdeen to ship home again as soon 
as an opportunity presented itself. 

On the 8th of April the Royal army marched 
by Meldrum, Banff and Cnllen to the Moor of 
Arrondel. The Uuke of Cumberland rode; at 
the head of the First Division, attended by his 
staff and accompanied by Lord Findlatcr and 
other loyal gentlemen, who earnestly looked 
forward to the defeat ol the Highland arm). 

The Puke, whose blunt truthfulness did not 
permit him lo show much outward civility to 
those he distrusted, was emphatic in his con 
demnai ion of the Gordons, -through whose eoun 
try he was passing, saving and excepting the 
chief of the clan, who was loyal, as were also 
some of the son.-!. But Lord Lewis Gordon (10) 
was already distinguished by his zeal in the op- 
posite cause, and many ol the nana; were with 
him. As the. 1 Hike of Cumberland passed 
through l' yvie he saw a lady and her child in 
the park, and asked who they were. Il was the 
Countess of Aberdeen, who replied " I am 
sister to Lewie C.oidon."' 

On the 12th of April the troops crossed the 
Spey near Fochabers, the enemy's outposts re- 
tiring, although the Duke of Perth ( i i ) wished 
to oppose; the Royalist advance at this spot. 
But he was ordered to fall back, and after firing 
a few shots the Highlanders marched to. the 
reai-, somewhat irritated by the air of " Will ye 
play me fair?" which the band of the First Re- 
giment, the Royals, played as the men crossed 
the river. The Royal Arm;,' was at Alves on 
the 13th, and at Nairn on tin i_ph and 15th. 

Prince Charles, at Inverness, was first in- 

formed of the movements above mentioned by 
Maceachan Macdoimld (12), his private Secre- 
tary, and he at once directed Captain O'Neill, 
his A.DiC, 10 recall the Duke of Perth and 
bring in the distant outposts. 

The new-, that an encounter was imminent 
raised the spirits of the Highlander-., whp had 
become discontented and quarrelsome, and the 
clans gladly assembled on Drumossic Moor on 
April 13. An attempt, led by lame . Hepburn 
1 was made to surprise the Royal Army on 
the Duke's birthday, but finding the sentinels on 
the alert, Lord Geo rgc Murray fell back, and 
his men bivoliai keel on the ground, while Prince 
Charles slept in Culloden House. Allan Ca- 
meron (1 5), a Lieutenant in Lochiel's regiment, 
had fallen asleep instead of returning with his 
Comrades, and was awoke on the morning of the 
r 6th by the Royal Arm) marching. He rushed 
to Culloden House and gave the alarm. Charles 
sprung from Ins bed, and mounting bis horse 

I rode "ft to ihe field, accompanied by the Duke 

I ol berth, Lord George Murray, and Lord John 
Drummond 1 14). 

The Highlanders had passed a miserable 
night. Mr. Hay (15), who performed the func- 
tions ol Commissar) General, was either care- 
less or in< ompetent, for provisions were wanting, 
and many men had left the ranks in order to 
prov ide themselves, so that O'Sullivan (16), w.ho 
was both Adjutant and Quartermaster General, 
had some little difficulty in getting his forces 

I together before allotting to them the posts they 

I were to occupy, 

I The Royal army, on ihe coutrary, had been 
well supplied bom the ships, and the soldiers, 
I m full confidence of their chief, and -bitter in 
j their detestation ol tin principles upheld by the 
I enemy, were as anxious to encounter the loe as 
I the Highlanders were burning -to meet them. 

On the morning of the 16th the infantry 
I marched in three divisions, under Gcnl. Huske 
j on the left, l.oid Seniphill '17) on the right, and 
1 General Mordaunt in the centre. The, artillery, 
cavalry, Highlanders and baggage followed, 
j under ( iencral I Hand. 

j Lord George Murray, on hearing of the ad- 
j vance ol the Royal ann\, earnestly pressed 
! Charles to retire beyond the Nairn, wliere, in 
, the neighbourhood ol more rugged ground, the 
j half-disciplined soldiers would probable Stand 
j at an advantage with their adversaries, but the 
I 1'rince refused to listen to any argument, and 
j determined to risk his fate on Culloden moor. 
1 The Duke of Cumberland therefore found the 
' Highland arm) being formed up opposite to 
j him, and he accordingly drew up his own troops 
: in three lines. The first line was under the 
! command of the: Earl oi Albemarle (18), and, 


SCOTTISH /yOl'ES AND QUERIES. [November, 1890. 

naming from the right, consisted of: the 1st 
Royals, a Scotch regiment, under Lieut-Colonel 
Ramsay and Major Abercrombie ; Cholmon- 
delay's (34th), undei Lieut-Colonel Jeffreys and 
Major Lockhart ; Price's (14th), under Lieut- 
Colonel K. Moore and Captain Hcynton ; the 
Scots Fusiliers (21st), under Sir Andrew Agnew 
and Major Colville ; Monro's (37th), under Lt'.- 
Colonel Biggan ; and liarrcls (4th), under Lt- 
Colonel S. Knowles and Major Wilson. Two 
guns were placed in the intervals between each 
regiment, by Col. Belford, who commanded the 

The second line, under Major-General Huske, 
consisted of Rulteney's (13th), under Lieut. -Col. 
Moses Moreau and Major T. Cockayne ; Bligh's 
(20th), under Lieut.-Colonel W. Gee and Major 
E. Cornwallis ; Sempbill's (25th), under Lieut.- 
Colonel fames Kennedy and Major S. Dalrym- 
ple ; Ligoniers (48th), u.nder Lieutenant-Colonel 
Whitcfoord and Major Stuart ; ami Wolfe's 
(8th), under Lieut.-Golonel G. Keightiey and 
Major J. Grey. 

The third line, or reserve, was under Brigadier 
General Mordaunt, and w as composed of Bat- 
tereans (62d), under Lieut.-Colonel Catherwood 
and Major Webb 5 Howard's (3rd), under Lt- 
Colonel G. Howard and Major Elrington ; 
Flemings (36th), under Lieut. -Col. Fitzwilliam 
and Major Marchand ; and Blakeney's (27th), 
under Lieut.-Colonel F. Leighton and Major 
Chambre, besides the Argyle Highlanders, 
under Colonel J. Campbell. 

Three squadrons of Kerr's Dragoons (the 
j uh\ uih1<u the tfilv'I <>f An c rum, protected the 
left of the first line, and Cobha in's Dragoons 
(the loth';, Lieut. -Col. Paul and Major Shehan, 
tille'd a small space between the right of this line 
and a marsh which stretched down to the sea. 
Volunteer Ray, who afterwards wrote an account 
of the campaign^ accompanied this regiment. 

Kingston's Dragoons, under Lieut.-Colonel 
Sutton, were on die left oi tlx; second line. Two 
companies of Lord Loudon's Highland Regi- 
ment, under Captain Mackay and Sir Hector 
Munro, were- in the rear, and came up into the 
third line when the impatient Campbells pressed 
forward to tin- front, and got into the walled 
enclosure which stood on the edge oi the field, 
Here they were; soon joined by Loudon's High- 
landers, who declined to remain passive specta- 
tors of the fight. 

About a mile distant stood the Highland army, 
also formed in three lines, though not exactly 
parallel to those of their opponents. 

The Athole Brigade was on the right, of the 
front line, the two battalions being commanded 
by Major A. Ldttg'hlin and Major S. Rattray ol 
Cargullian, but formed into one, as the number 

of Murrays, including those of Apendow, did 
not exceed 450. 

'1 hen came the Camerons, 700 strong, under 
j Lochiel, his companies being commanded by 
I Captain All. in Cameron, Captain Alexander Ca- 
I im ion, Captain James Stewart, (.'apt. Ludovick 
Cameron ol T01 Castle, and Capt. A. Cameron 
of Dangallan. 

The Stewarts oi Appin numbered 200, and 
were united to Stewarts of Ardshiel, 250 men, 
under Lieut. -Colonel John Roy Stewart. 

A mixed brigade contained contributions from 
various clans, and was commanded by the Chief 
of Ma< lacblan. Rut after he was killed in the 
earl)' part of the action by a round shot, Lieut.- 
Colonel Francis Farquharson led the corps. It 
originally consisted of 500 Frasers, under Fraser 
of [nverallachie, 500 Macintoshes, 300 Farqu- 
harsons from Monaltrie and Balmoral, under 
Farquharson of Monaltrie, 40 Maclachlans and 
400 Macleans, under Maclean of Drimmin. The 
next body consisted of 400 Macleods. Then the 
Chisholms under their own Chief. 

The left wing was composed of the three bat- 
talions of the Macdonalds of Clanraiiald, Kep- 
poch, and Glengarry, under their respective 
leaders — Alexander Macdonakl of Glencoe and 
Archibald Macdonakl of Barrisdale having 
placed their contingents with the others, making 
the total strength of the clan about 900 men. 
The first line was commanded by Lord George 
Murray, Lord [ohn Drummond, and the Duke 
of Perth. 

The second line, under General Stapleton, 
consisted ot the Gordons ; '6oo under Lord 
Lewis Gordcn, with Gordon of Park for his 
Lieut.-Colonel, and Sir John Wedderburn (i8a) 
for his Major. Then came the French Regi- 
ment of Royal Scots, composed chiefly of Scotch- 
men, and forming one of the regiments of the 
French army. These, with the Irish Picquets, 
also a French corps, were brought to Scotland 
by Lord John Drummond, who was Colonel of 
the Royal Scots.. 

The Foot Guards, vtbo were not 150 strong, 
weie. placed close to the French regiment, but 
though commanded L\ the Karl of Kilmarnock 
(19) made a poor show. They were originally 
Horse Grenadiers, but were ordered to give up 
their horses to Fitzjamcs Dragoons, and were 
ill-pleased and badly-equipped as loot soldiers. 
Lord John Druinnnaul had 340 Drummonds 
under his Major, Robert Drummond. 

Clenbuckct Regiment ( ro,A) was originally 500 
stoei.;, bm nearly 200 had disappeared before 
the battle. Gordon of Abbaehie commanded, 
with Charles Moir of Stoneyw ood for his Major; 
his leading companies being led by Gordon of 
Blelak (21), (whose piper, Nicholas Karr, was 

November, 1890.] 



taken prisoner after the battle, and tried, but 
acquitted on the' plea of Compulsion)', and \V. 
Moir of Lonmay. 

150 of Kitzjames Dragoons, under Colonel 
Macdonnell, prottM led the flank, w ith ihe Perth 
squadron, tinder Lord Strathallan (22) and Lord 
Pitsligo (23), the Horse Guards, under Lord 
>Elcho (24), .Hid ihe Body Guard, under Lord 
Balmcrinn (25). 

These lattei corps were chiefly filled \>) men 
of gentle birth, who int.!: the field a, private 
soldiers, attended 1)) their servants. While thus 
sacrificing position, ease, and comfort for him 
they deemed their lawful Prince, the) expected 
sonic kindly notice from him; but none ever 
came, and the discontent threatened serious con- 
sequences. Such men as Lord Dundee (26), 
the lion. \\ ". Murray (27), Sir Alexander lian- 
nerman (28), Robert Murray (29), a Writer of 
the Signet, were serving in the ranks, as well as 
Robert Strange (30), who was employed in va- 
rious ways as a writer ami Commissary. 

The third line was formed of tin-' Duke of 
Perth's regiment, under Major James Stewart. 
He was Steward to his Grace, and had none of 
the failings attributed to his master of hem- t, )( . 
gentle and courteous to insure the attention of 
rough followers. Thus when Alexander Mac- 
Growthcr hesitated to join the regiment, Major 
Stewart threatened to lay his properly waste, 
and MacGrowther, recognising the difficulty of 
arguing w ith an obstinate man, a< cepted service, 
and, being a gay ancl joyous fellow, was a valu- 
able aid. Captain James Nicholson, however, 
was inoiv devoted to the , aitse, fur he had been 
ahead) captured at Carlisle, but making his 
escape rejoined Ins regiment before Cullodcn, 
where he again tell into tin enemy's hands. 

'Two battalions of Lord < >gilvy's regiment w ere 
placed next to Perth's, tlie command of the -first 
devolving on Sir William Cordon and Major 
Nicholson, Glascoe, the other being under Sir 
James Kinloeh (30A). Lord Ogilvy (31) himself 
commanded the brigade, lie had brought his 
men in splendid order by easy marches from 
Clova, to which) it may be added, 'the)' returned 
in two clays, without halting more than once, 
after the battle. 

The total force of tlu- Highland army was 
about 6000 men on the field, according t<» Pal 
Llllo, the Muster Master ( hmeral. 


(' / 'o be co 11 tinned. ) 


I HAVE read the article by "A. P. S." on the 
Stuart Dynasty - (IV«, 84) in the October No. 
of S. N. dV* Q.. and think he cannot have e\ 

pe< ted your readers to take the nest part of his 
1 communication seriously. There is, fortunately, 
im question of disloyalty in this country, in the 
! sense in which ti is understood in many foreign 
countries. Hut at the same time we all hold 
ourselves Ik c 10 discuss publicjy, time and place 
convenient, abstract questions concerning par- 
ticular forms of government : that naturally 
j comes of tin: liberty we here enjoy a liberty 
j which we use well, and do not abuse. I con- 
j sidef your correspondent is altogether wrong in 
thinking Mnit ii " vulgarises' the Stuart Dynasty 
I to display its descent through m, my branches, 
! and trace the line as it connects with the differ- 
! ent monan hies that have held place in Europe 
I since the time of Mai)- Queen of Scots to me 
j it appears rather 10 do the dynasty honour, and 
j bring its high claims tor distinction into greater 
prominence. When we arrive at the historical 
portion of sour correspondent's argument the 
discussion of it is fairly open to every one ; and 
to that onl) will I therefore address myself. 
It will not be disputed that the descent of the 
Scotland was partly hereditary and 
live, but history tells us that it was 
Ltive, i.e., it could not be w illed. I do an\' attempt was ever made in 
o designate the succession ot the 
vili. h was not even competent for 
g sovereign to nominate a regency 
ie will of James V. in favour of Car- 
acas regent of his infant child Mary, 
lowed by the Lords, who themselves 
a regency. Not onl)- so, but it was 
Ul that the national representatives 
[Tossessed the right to depose a king when he 
became unfaithful to his trust, and indeed they 
several limes exercised that right. The doctrine 
is express!) claimed in the famous Declaration 
of Independence, adopted at a meeting of the 
Estates ol Scotland, held in the Regality Cham- 
ber of the Abbey of Aberbrothock, on the 6th 
April, [320, when it was declared with 
nee to the Magistracy of King Robert the 
, then proc laimed, that " if he consent that 
• our Kjngdom, be subject to the king or 
people of England, we will immediately expel 
him as oui enemy, and the- subverter both of his 
own and our rights, and will make another king 
who will defend our liberties.' W illiam, Duke 
of Normandy, acquired the crown of England 
I))- right of conquest, although a is true he 
also < lainn d it as the deviscc'of Kdward the Coil- 
fcessor, his allegation be ing better than that of 
Harold, who disputed it. Henry VIII. was le- 
gitimate in right of his mother, the Princess 
Llizabeth of York, although his father was a 
usurper, as was also Henry's own "great daugh- 
ter,' 1 [Elizabeth, lames VI. of Scotland suc- 

ci own 
not im 
not learn 
Scotland t 
crow n 1 >v \ 
the reignii 
b) will ; ll 

dinal beat, 
being disa 
always he 


we, 1 

I 05 

SC0T1ISJJ N07ES AND QUERIES. [Novkmber, 1890. 

ceeded to the Crown of England, not because j the demise of King William, she would have 
of any action taken by Queen Elizabeth, but in j had to give place to it. This is no merely 

■igjit of his mother, Mary Queen 

.-v .,1 a 


his ca ic, out v. 

possible con tin ■ 

de jure Queen of Englanxl. Tin; Sain Law de- geney painfully present to the minds of many 
t ermines the succession of the sovereignty ol ' people at tin- time. Finally, there is more 

the German Duchy of Austria to heirs male oi 
the Mouse of Hapsburg, to the ex< I in ion of fe- 
males of that 1 louse ; and tin: righj of sui 1 ession 
to the other States of the Austro-iipngarian 
Empire is regulated by. the Pragmatic Sanction. 

The oast' of the pretence of Henry Stuart, | 
Cardinal York, stands upon an exceptional foot- 
ing among monarchies, but the instances given 
l>v A. 1'. S. do not support the contention he 
sets up. The inscription on [.he coins struck l>y 
Henry " Henriais IX. M. IJ. et 11. Rex. I). ( ;. 
sed non voluntate l.iominuin" is certainly not a. 
formal abdication of his claims, it i-i rather an 
assertion of Divine Right, i.e., 14 l>y the Grace 
of God, but not by the will of men." As regard!: 
the statement that Napoleon 1. reduced the 
Sacred College to beggary and exile, d is "a fai 

;i ibn wily the Duke ol Clarence andAvondale 
"should always be addressed by hit, dual title" 
than that his uncle ol Connaught should he; 
moreover, "universal usage doe-, [not] compel 
us to say, and peel's to sign," theii double name, 
noi indeed do they generally do so. The 
instances given by A. I'. S. are survivals ol 
separate creations, now only used by certain 
peers, who so sign chiefly for ostentation, while 
one of the example, quoted Lord Sayc and 
Sole i^ in reality one personal title, not two 

Carnoustie. lOllN CARRIE. 

■y mueeci to pretend thai that action necessi- 
tated the Cardinal York accepting a present of 
^4000, ami an annual pension of ^2000 from 
George III. 11 was the Cardinal's duty to con- 
sider whether, as a man of and heir of an 
ancient line, he ought to have done- so mean a 
thing; but it must be admitted that the Cardi- 
nal was a' weak Stuart. !>_\ accepting the kingly 
dignity and styling himself Henricus IX., the 
"venerable prince " did not tliereby disprove the 
claim of legitimate descent 
by alleged descendants of Prince Charles i:d 
ward, nanudy-, b\ his pretended grandsons 
Charles I'dw.ud Stunt, and John Sobiesk 
Stuart Go«ntS d'Alhame. We arc told tha 
the claim nf these men to 1 
formally acknowledged by influential aclhen 
of the House of Stuart, and \>\ high dignita 
of the Roman Catholic ( 'lunch. The validit 

I On ,1 granite headstone, w hich has replaced an 
I older tombstone, there is cut the following :• 
I In memory <>f j James Jopp of Cotton, ! many years 
] Provost of this City, | who .lied 7th July 1794, aged 
} 72 years, j Of lane Moir, his wife. | who died l8tli 
1 March 17S2, aged 52 years. | Ol Jean Jop\) their 
I daughter, widow of Gavin Young,' Merch' in London 
I I who died Dec 1 ' 1836, aged years. | 01 An- 
il en set up, 1 drew lopp of Elmbill | Advocate in Aberdeen, | who 
1 iKted n Mi June 1.829, a#ud 60 years, j Of Margaret 
Abvrerouihie, hi* widow, wlu) died 7 : " lane 1865, 
aired S<> -years. 

I'rov ost Jupp 

he title assumed by them ( omte d 
>y whoever conferred, was publicly 1 

parents are suppo scd to have 
imacy has been I resided somewhere in theG irioch,andthe insorip- 
sl tions given by [ervise from the churchyard at 
•s i I n'sch relate probablj tiithe l*rovost's immediate 
>f forbears. Me was bom in 1722, and at the age 
1 of twenly-twf) was admitted (27th August, 1744,) 
d a- Bun-ess ol Ciiiild of Aberdeen. He was a 

m this country, ami during this reign ; for member of the Tow n Council for several years, 
amongst the Stuart relics shown at the Glas- and in iv^.j was elccied Dean of Guild. His 



labelled thus 'Lent by the Comte d'Alhanu 
Even if the Cardinal knew positively thai there [ w 
was a legitimate son ot In- brother Charles n 

:veral articles | first election to the L'rovost's chair was made at 
Michaelmas, 17685 for two years, and the honour 
cpeated for a similar period at. Michael- 

772, 1 770, and 17 

one year at 

Edward alive at the time, he could not have Michaelmas, 1786. During his provost ship he 
declared it, for that sou, was then in partibujs^ ' had the" honour of admitting Dr. fohnson as an 
arid could not have occupied. The case is i honorary burgess of the burgh, a ceremony which 
exactly such a one as would ha\e arisen ]iad a ha > been carefully described by I Jos well, who 
child been born to the defunct King -William IV, ' remarks that the I Provost performed his part 

after the accession o« the 1 'run ess V 
I ler reign would certainly have been 

,1 very go<jd grace. During the pro- 
if the American War ol Independence 

purposes, while she occupied thethrone, d' fhrfp, < he, in 1770. ottered, on behali til the citizens, 10 
although only udJfiteffl'm j but if Queen Adelaide raise a regiment of the line, to be called the 
had bom issue within the legal period folh wing • Aberdeen Volunteers, but the offei was declined 


1 09 

by the Government. The Provost died on the 
7th July, 1791, in his 73rd year ; and the Aber- 
deen Journal, in referring to his death, says 
"He for many years filled the: office of Chiel 
Magistrate of this city with nun h benefit to the 
community and credit to himself: by unremitting 
attention to business, joined to the strictest pro- 
bity and honour, he acquired an ample fortune. 
1 le was a tender and affectionate parent, a stead- 
fast friend, and an agreeable companion, i lo 
lived respected and died lamented by a numer- 
ous acquaintance." The Provost married, in 
1751, |e;m, second daughter of the Rev. George j 
Moir, latterly in Kintore, and had issue Alex- 
ander,' who died in Kingston, Jamaica, on the 
26th January, 1798 ; Jean, born in 1755, married 
24th January, 1 799, ( Javin Young, in 
London, and died 23rd December, [836 ; fanet 
or Jessie, vvho married, roth April, 1705, Mr. 
John Barnes, of East Finchley, Middlesex, and 
died 14th November, 1848 ; Nancy, w ho died 
on the iStli December, 1790. Mrs, [opp pre- 
deceased her husband, having died on the 18th 
March, 1782, at the age of 52. 1 

On a table-stone, close beside the last, there 

Here are interred the Remains of] Alexander Car- 
negie Esq. of Cooks'ton j City Clerk of Aberdeen, | 
who died the iy u \ of May iSoo. | in the y^' {[ of his 
Itge. I ISver zealous for the Public Good | hedischai ed 
the Duties of his office | for 44 years with Credit" I o I 
himself I and great satisfaction to the Community, j 
In private Life he was esteemed j for Uprightness and ! 
Integrity of • Character j baying a name free from Re-, 
pro.ieh 1 and honoured by the World, Thi.s stone is 
erected to his memory j by hi s children who deeply 
lament the loss j of a most affectionate father, \ Also j 
M rs Helen Davidson his spouse | who died 21st |nne 
iSrj Aged 71 years. 

this life : the l 5"' day of Apule [735 : find of his age: 
the (h) lh year. Also Kkpeth Carnegie; hU spouse ; 
who deparie l ihi . life : the day of < >ctol>er : 1726: 
and of her a-e : die 55th year. With fames Carnegie : 
bilster in Abd 11 their Son > who died : the 22 : » of 
Kehi>' t.744 : aged ;;S years. And Mary Thomson : 

died 1 7th Sent* 1768 

ocj 1 eais. 

( >n the 1 3th 
as made by 


a side pn net there is 
William Carnegie | City Clerk of Aberdeen 1 died j 
28 May 184Q j aged 6.S years. 

Within the same enclosure there is a newly- I 
erected table- stone of granite, resting on a 
;.*round-Mone, the inscription on which is now 
almost wholly illegible. The recently-erected | 
Stone bears to preserve the inscription on the j 
older stone, but. there are several discrepant wjs, 
SO I prefer to give the transcript n# the original j 
lair-stone as take® by Mr. Fardyce in 

Mere lyes James Ciftiegie : Ulster m Aberdeen : 
Who departed mis life: the Ii l!l of Dec 1 ' 1705: ;»!«ed j 
74 years. And lean Ferguson : his spouse who Vie- I 
parted this life: die { [ of fwie 1705 : y years I 

As also M r William Carnegie : his. Hon : who departed ! 
this life : the 22< l of May 171.] ■ agc-d 41 years. I De- 
Wise John Carm-ppr : l.itsur in Abd»' who departed 

^ AbcnLcn Journal, Family of J/. h and Byres, an I !/<•■ ' 
moir oj Cavin \ 't>Ung ami KaJu t Cfuntohani:. 

The Memory of die Just is blessed. 
Also Ian-: 4th daughter of Alexander Carnegie 
Esq* who died : r»* Afareh : 1810: in the 28^ year 
of her age's Ksieemed by all who knew her. Also 
Mi*s i;is|.et Carnegie: daughter of the said James 
Carnegie: who lied: 1 5 ' ]l March. 1 s 1 5 : aged 80 

For three quarters of a century the Carnegie*, 
father and son, held the post of d own Clerk of 
the city. In 1 762 .Alexander Carnegie was 
elected conjuncl clerk with Robert Thomson, 
who had been chosen clerk in 1724. This 
Robert Thomson was his uncle, and the ap- 
pointment was made tor all the days of their 
lives, and to the longest livei 
November, [793, an applicatio.. 
Alexander and his son William for the office of 
down Clerk conjunctly, and after some delay 
this request was granted. Alexander Carnegie, 
by his marriage with Helen Davidson, tos*& the 
following children : William, who succeeded 
his father in the tow n clerkship, and died un- 
married in [840 ; Violet ; .Mary, married to 
Alexander Robertson ; [ohn : Helen, married to 
John Ross of (Grenada 5 Jane,- died i8th .March, 
r8iO; and Hannah, '.'.ho died in Aberdeen, at 
the age of S3 years, in (86 . 

'Close beside the l.i^i lair, oM a simple head- 
stone of granite; tin- record of our City Clerks 
is continued bv the brief inscription- 

John An-si, , Advocate j Town Clerk of Aberdeen 
I 1 Dud 6«* Nov 1 ' 1S7S j Aged 79. 

Ai.i-.x. M. Muxko. 
( To I , ntuuu ) 


f ( • "t/ t : nut\! f. \>m j'<!.\' 90). 
1879. T/w li '/■:■;>;{ of flic North. Size ii'j 
by.SD'. J'ri.v Due IVnny. Title -The Wizard 
sitting pen in hand; <>n his left is the magic 
mirror containing tin: portrait for the month ; 
an owl sits on the table, and from a nyigic vase 
proceed flail ICS, in which demons an- dancing ; 
611 a roll is the dak-. This is the oldest journal 
ofv.itand humour in Dundee, and "the \Vikard % 
in eomin.: for (In- first time before the public, 
begs lo si\ that he has nothing to do with 
Spiritualism or ..a . othei i in. I lis mae.ic wand 
is his pen vvhen it not ids pencil. By the 

ftifti". . i!i ^eiiiuubtjr. 


SCOT 1 ISH NOTES AND QUERIES. [November, 1^90. 

right use of these two powerful instruments of the work being executed by C. Gird wood, 

his pen and pencil he hopes to throw a « harm 
over events, to dwell on them, so that they shall 
become a pleasant surprise to his readers. 
Social and political subjects, foibles, quips, 
oddities, arc: waiting to be laid hold of." The 
Wizard was started on 29th November, 1879. 
and the staff consisted of .five members the edi 
tor, two artists, and two literary friends though it 
has now (1890) been considerably strengthened. 
Poems have been contributed by the well-known 
writers : -Win. Allan, Sunderland, A. S. Laing, 
James Y. Geddes, and others. Short and 
pithy stories by George Dun, B.A., Andrew 
Stewart, William Smith, and Rab Dempster, 
have been published. During the first ten 
years of this journal, upwards ol 145 portraits, 
179 cartoons, and 274 ske tc hes, have appeared. 
The contents are usually as follows : columns 
of "What the folks are saying in Dundee"; 
humorous poetry; a column of local jottings; 
notes to correspondents; political lists; Uriel 
stories on local snbie< is ; a cartoon, and a page 
of comical sketches ; a page on football in 
winter, and cricket in summer; also notices of 
concerts ; art exhibitions, and dramatic enter 
tainments. The; originator, editor, and pro- 
prietor, is Mr. James Russell, Dundee. No. i, 
November 29th, [879, to No. 12, September 
30th, 1880. Ponied by Archibald Beveridge, 
Kirkcaldy, and published for the proprietors. 
Wholesale agent, Mrs. Littlejohn, Pillars, Dun 
dee. No. 13, October 30th, 1880. Dundee: 
Printed foi the proprietors by |amcs P. Mathew 
CiVj '7 Cow-ate. 'title irdiawn with slight 
alterations. No. 37, October 28th, 1882. Title 
altered ; size 8 C x 2 '_> ins. ; name only in open 
letters; view ol Dundee as background; por- 
traits enlarged to full page. No. 38, November 
25111,1882. Title Wizards right hand ; the 
Dundee arms; pot and lilies; name and- view 
of Dundee ; open background. No. 39, Decem- 
ber 30th, 1882, same title, but dark ba.< kground. 
No. 51, December 2<jth, 188; (added to title, 
were the words; "A Join rial of Wisdom, Wit, 
and Humour." No. 64, VoL VI., January 31 si, 
1885. No. 64 [this number was duplicated} 
Vol. VI., Saturday, February 2SH1, 1885. Printed 
for the proprietory b) ( b ( irdw ood, ( aimmei cial 
Street, Dundee. I '01 traits on toned paper. 
No. 80, May 30th, 1880. Printed for the pro- 
prietors by G. CrtrdwoOti, Si Meadow '.hC, Dun 
dee. No. 83, Augn&t 28th, 1880. Printed for 
the proprietors by W. iS D. ( '. Thomson, t)un : 
dee Cour/crolTu c, North Lindsay Street, Dundee. 
No. 96, Se|)tember, 1887. I h inted lor the 
proprietors by J. Dm ham, Son & Kinnoch, 
49 High Street, and 1 ; Overrate, Dundee, who 

are still the pru 


Meadowside, I Hindi 

1879. Dundee Institution Annual. No. 1, 
June, 1871;, 40 pages. No. 2, June, 1880, 50 
pages. No. 3, December, 1881, <o pages, size 
x 6 ins. 3 numbers were issued. The 
covers ol the Annual are grey and gold, and 
highly ornamental in design, the letters being 
printed in black. William Kidd, bookseller, 
112 Nethergate, Dundee, was the lithographer 
and primer. The Dundee Institution, Tay 
Square, was under the direction of Messrs. 
James Brebncr, M.A., and Alexander Mcmfries, 
who, tor many years, earned on this academy. 
In June, [879, this paper was started to give a 
lew of the most interesting events ol the session 
or school year, and, "on glancing over this 
little magazine, nothing will strike a causal 
reader more than the abundance ol tales of 
travel not travellers' tales which it contains. 
Some tell of their feats in the water, on the held, 
or along the highway; while others tell of 
excursions over mountain, moorland, or on board 
ship, dredging the river or sea." " In the- latter 
portion of the . \nutt<il, there will be found, along 
with some general school statistics, the yearly 
records of the various Literary, Artistic, and 
Athletic Clubs connected with the Institution. 
It is to be hoped that the publication of these 
may induce more of the former pupils to take 
an active interest in the work of these Societies, 
and thus further the end which the) - , as well as 
we. have in view, to unite bv firm bond.-, all the 
Pupils, past and present, ol our good old 
School. ''When a man ol thirty \ eai s glances 
over the list of his old schoolfellows, what a 
crowd of associations cluster arotind the name 
of each, and how varied are his reflections on 
their after career. It is hoped that, in after 
years, our Annual may prove a still more 
suggestive memorial. The de ne lo make a 
mark, by winch they will be held in rcmcm- 
b ranee, i.s verv strong in boys. In some schools 
the desks are often tendered unlit for their 
proper .purpose by having cut oul on them the 
initial, and designs of boy-, eager to leave a 
name 1 ichiud them.' 

1879. ( > t \;t sit >/.'(! I /\:/n')s I'ltt'hsht d .11 /S,Q. 

No. i, tier Majntj* the Queen at Dundee, 20th 
|une, 1870. Price Cue Penny. Si/.e, 10 x 
7 Vi ins., eight pages. Printed and published by 
lames P, Matthew \ t o., 17 Cow-ate, Dundee. 
Several thousand-, of this publication were sold 

on the day °' issue. The letterpress gave a 
description of Omen Victoria's. Inst visit to 
Dundee in 1 844, an4 her second visit, thirty five 
years later. The occasion of the latter visit 
(1879) was owing to a strong desire by Her Ma- 
jostv to view the Tay Uridgc, ami the scenery 


1 1 

along the Devon Valley Railway, including Loch- 
leven, with its Castle. The illustrations were : 
1st, Portrait of the Queen ; 2nd, Princess 
Beatrice; 3rd, Cartoon, "'Her Majesty .it the 
Tay Bridge Station"; 4th, Old Steeple, Dundee. 
No. 2. Light Horse at Clay pot is. Dundee, 
9th August, 1879. Size id x 7,'< ins., eight 
pages, Printed and published by James I'. 
Mathew & Co., 17 Cowgate, Dundee. The 
origin of this paper was to commemorate the 
meeting for Drill of the Forfar and' Fife Light 
Horse Volunteers, held in a held at Claypotts 
Castle, near Broughty Kerry. The Forfarshire 
Troops were under the command of Captain 
Carnegie of Lour, and the Fife corps was com- 
manded by Colonel J. Anstruther Thomson 
of Charleton. The illustrations included a full- 
page portrait, on horseback, of Colonel Thom- 
son ; a double-page view of the ''Inspection of 
the Fife and Forfar Light Horse by Major- 
General Bruce," and two sketches, 11 Heads 
and Posts," and " Marching Fast in Line." 
No. 3. The Clowns* Cricket Match, Baxter 
Park. Saturday, 27th September, 1879, eight 
pages, size to by 7 Y 
Mathew & Co., 17 
publication was iss 
novel Crickcl Matt 
Paul's Eleven an< 
Watson's ( \ 
Dundee. M 

ins. Printed by J ames P. 
Cowgate, Dundee. This 
ted as a memento of the 

between Mr. Archil 
the Eleven Clowns 
md Cirque, East Dock' Str 
Paul's Eleven was composed 

5 members from the Belmont Club, 3 from the 
Dundee Club, i from each of the Broughty 
Ferry and the Mayfield (dubs, and the Captain 
of thr Mi.nhmou- t lub, The umpires 
were Mr. Paul an.! Mi. F.duaid, Major of the 
^Pickles' " (Company, then playing in the The- 
atre Royal, Dundee. The illustrations represent 
the Clowns in their professional costumes, and 

are entitled ( rOing m t< 
and a double page draw 1 
with cricketers, entitled 
Russell was the editor of 
1880. Norries Dundet 
ference bonk of L 
for the year l88©t P 
Printed and published 
may be hiid bom Mr 
High Street, 1*881, Tl 


11 of tl 

Played Out, 5 
Baxter Park 
May." Mr. 
Occasional P 



Annual a ha 
d History and Bio 
'nee Sixpence. Dundee : 
by William Norj ie, and 
. Fitilejohn, tin- Pillars, 
is Annual or 1 'car Book, 

by William Kidd, 112 Nethergate. Price one 
shilling. Size, 8vo, 32 pages. An elaborate 
and well executed design, introducing a view of 
Constitution 1 louse, was printed on the coloured 
covers of tin.- Annual. The first number ap- 
peared in June, [880, and was intended to be 
published quarterly. The contents were princi- 
pally essays on travel and poetry, household 
recipes, etc. Only one or two numbers were 

1880. The Torpedo. No. F, Dundee, March 

Price one penny. Size, 1 1 by 9. 
Xo. II. 

19th. 1 8< 

4 pages. Xo. IF, March 26th. This was one 
of the local election publications issued in sup- 
port ol the candidature of Mr. James Yeaman 
and Mr. George Armitstead, at the General 
Election of 1880. It contained poetical squibs, 
letters, and leaders entirely in the interest of 
these two candidates. Only two numbers were 
issued. In the second number a lithographic 
portrait of Mr. Yeaman, drawn by C. S. Lawson, 
Dundee, was given. 

1880. The Advance, No. 1, Saturday, March 
20th. Price one penny. Xo. 2, March 27th. 
Size, 11 by 9, eight pages. The Advance was 
published every .Saturday, by John Martin, 72 
ad, Dundee. This was a temporary 
)ii like the Torpedo, and was published 
re the candidature of Mr. Armitstead 
Maltman Barry for Dundee, at the Ge- 
ction of 1880. In the second number 
was din cted to the Advance as a me- 
advertising, "the gratifying reception 
with which it has met leads us to hope that a 
Inrge numbei oi copies 'will be sold weekly." 
From this announcement it would appear that, 
owing 10 the -aval success ul the first number, 
the proprietors proposed to continue the publi- 
Adaaiuc as a weekly newspaper, 
umbers were issued. A portrait 
.1 number, 


in I< 

d Ele 
n (or 

.ation ol th< 
jut only two 
>f Mr. Armit: 

1 was 

veil 111 


st m 

w as a ; lortrait of Mr. 



>hcd bv C. S. 

published by Mr. William Xorrie, consisted of 
thirty-eight pages 8vo, and contained brief notes 
relating to ecclesiastical affairs} civic elections, 
trade statistics, and many interesting events that 
had taken place throughout the year. The 
paragraphs were arranged alphabetically, with 
special headings for each subject. 

1880. The Coust/tat/on Home Magazine, 
Edited by the Principals (Misses Hodge) and 
elder Pupils of the I nsUtution. I Hmdee : Printed 

tin; seconci 
ith drawn 

The .Sharer. Xo. 1, Dundee, 1st No- 
1880. One Fenny. Portrait of Mr. 
I pages, Tins was an illustrated 11111- 
ection squib, principally devoted to a 
Second Ward of Dundee. Only 
unbei issued. 


vemi >er, 
Speed. 4 
nicipal el 
contest in 

1880. Illustrated Catalogue of the Dundee 
Fine Aft Exhibition. Xo. 1. Sme, 8vo, 109 
pages. Printed lor the committee by Archibald 
Beveridge, Kirkcaldy, and published in the 
[Dundee] Exhibition; The Committee of the 
Dundee f ine An .Exhibition issued the Illus- 
trated Catalogue, which contained too illustra- 
tions, many of them being drawings by the 
Artists. This was Fee fourth annual Exhibition, 

I 12 


[November, 1890. 

and its growing popularity suggested the idea 
of issuing a volume, ind< pendent of the ordinary 
catalogue," which would be more attractive, and 
the illustrations would recall to mcmor) many 
of the principal pictures shown at the Kxhibi- 
tion. It is got up in the style of Blaclcbimfs 
Notes on the Hoyal ' Academy \ and other Kxhibi- I 
tions in London and elsewhere. 

1880. Votings Pwtdee Alumnae for 1880, 
issued on 4th December, 1879. 'he issuer of 
this Almanac was J. Voting, stationer, 124 
Princes' Street, Dundee. Printed by lames I'. 1 
Malhew & Go. 

1881. The Downfteld Comet. No. i, Saturday, 
October ISt, 1881. Price one penny. Issued 
by the Down field Literary Society. Printed by 
fames 1'. Mathew & Co., 17 Cowgate, Dundee. 
Circulation over 400, size 12^ by 10, four 
pages. The Editor, in introducing the Comet % 
says : " In an age famous for its literary enter- 
prise and boundless ambition, it would be not 
only unnecessary, but out of harmony with the 
spirit of the times, were we to make an) apo- 
logy for the appearance of the Donmjield ( omet. 
We have adopted no politi-cal creed. Free from 
party spirit, we profess neither Liberal nor Con- 
servative principles, and yet trust at all times 
to be found "true blue.". Downfield and the 
surrounding district has long been in want of .1 
medium through which the people might express 
themselves. That want has now been supplied, 
and we shall be happy in making public matters 
of general interest." The Downliekl Literary So- 
ciety, from which tin paper took its rise, was 
formed at a meuting, held on [ 3t.l1 February, 
187H, and was started more as an experiment 
than anything else, an experiment which more 
than realised the most sanguine expectations of 
its originators. The Rev.. R. Lorimer, M.A., 
was the (irst Honorary President, and opened 
the session with an addi ess on "The Duties and 
Advantages of Self Culture." Under the presi- 
dency of Mr. Robert Bell the first, session was 
very successful : aniongsl other work accom- 
plished, papers were read on "Truth and its 
Advantages," " Conversation," " 1 mmoi tality of 
the Soul," "Novels and Novel Reading,' 5 
"Should Capital Punishment be Abolished," 
11 Intemperance its Causes, Kvil, and Cure." 
A course of leetmes were given during the 
second sessioiij hy several gentlemen. It was 
as chairman at the lecture by Mr. C, C. Max- 
well, on "The Scottish Tongife/' that the Rev. 
Alexander Stewart, M.-A., then minister of 
the Mains Established Church, ^md now (1890) 
Prof, of Systematic Theology at Aberdeen, ap- 
peared for the first time in connection with the 
Society. In 1872 the dra malic element was in- 
troduced, and afterward;! formed a VG) ) at- 

tractive and distinctive feature of the Society. 
It was when the Rev. J. 1 1. Crawford headed 
the list of office-bearers (188 1 ) that the Down- 
field Comet was first issued. Only four numbers 
of this paper were issued, the last one (No. 4) 
being a "Special Mew Year's Number," pub- 
lished On Monday, jnd January, 1882. 

i83i. The Whip. A specimen copy of this 
papei was printed but never issued. Size, 12^2 
by to, eight pages. Price one penny. It was 
to have been published weekly, reporting the 
proceedings of the Dundee Parliament, an asso- 
ciation established tor the purpose of discussing 
Imperial and So< ial Politics, so far as may he 
practicable, according to the forms of the 1 louse 
of Commons. The Parliament consisted of 
members subscribing not less than 5s. annually. 
The admission was by ballot if the member pro- 
posed and seconded had a majoi ity of tw o-thirds 
of the House. One of the peculiarities proposed 
in the Whip was that columns were to be set 
aside foi items of interest relating both to the 
Liberal and Conservative party. 

Alexander c. Lamb. 

( 7 b be continued. ) 

( Coutiiwed front /. qj, /'<>/. IV.) 


49. A\:v. George Montgomery, Scottish Divine in 
Ireland. He was chaplain to King lames at West- 
minster, where, 1605, his inllueiice |;rea4ly facilitated 
his brother Sir Hugh's plans regarding the colonisa- 
lion ul Ireland, lie n\ . • ^ >ul>se<|\teutly made Bishop 
nl Mealh. c iJKoacUtone, Ucilh (1562), </. l(,JO - 

50. AY;-, dndrm Boyd, />7.v//e/> of Argfi*. Orel. 
Kaglesh-im Parish, promoted to sec ol Argyle, [613. 
b. iieai Kilruariitjck 1505-0, tt. mjO of i<")j8.. 

51. AYe. fo/rn Strang, /'./>.,. Principal of Glasgow 
University, ed. Si. Andrews, where he giaduated ; 
ord. Errol, 1014; I>.D., 1616. In 1618 voted 
against tin- articles "I Perth ; 1620, appointed Princi- 
pal of Glasgow Univ: ; 165.), flemittetl prineipaUhip ; 
tlk'd 1654. Author nl a treatise " De Volunta'te et 
aeltonibus Uei circa peccatuih," 1057; also of t>ne 
" I "f lnii irprelal'iione el PeiSfeCUone ScriplifiPaei" 1663. 
Ilia careful administration of the university, and his 
ureal work Foi the advancement »>l its condition, 
entitle him to n notable place in its annals, b. Manse, 
Irvine (1580), d. [654 <>r 1651. 

sj. A'. <■'. '/.aehetry t>oyd, Presbyterian' Divine, anil 
miuoi 1 >.■<••, ; KihnariKM k. ( llasgow, and Saumm ; 
spent 16 years in Krance, during four of which he was 
.-1 preacher <>l the Gospel ; returned to Scotland, 
l6ai ; appointed, 1623, to the liarony Parish, Glas- 
gow ; published, 1020, "The l^asl Battel! of the 
Soul" ; licctoi ol Glasgow Univ., 1034-5, and again 
1045; al ur»l refused, hut linalJy accepted "The 
Solemn League and Covenant" J preached against 
Cromwell n. \m face. September, 1050, wrote Zion's 



Flowers, and many other devotional works, chiefly in 
verse. ( 1 587-90), d. 1653. 

53. Major* General William Crattfurd, fought with 
distinction on the Continent, and in the English Civil 
War, especially at Marston Moor. b. Nether Skel- 
don, Dalrymple <l. before 1652. 

54. Rev. Robert Blaii , Presbyterian and Covenant 
ing leader ; ed. Glasgow Univ. ; appointed Regent in 
the College there, 1615; licensed to preach, 1616. 
lie resigned his professorship 1622, and crossed to 
Ireland, where he had charge of a congregation foi some 
lime ; hut, in 1632, In: was suspended by die Bishop 
of Down, Soon after, he returned to Scotland, and 
when the troubles connected with religion broke out, 
lie played a conspicuous part, lie preached first .11 
Ayr, hul was settled by the Aw. nibly at Si. Andrews ; 
1640, accompanied the Scotch army ti> Ivngland 5 
remonstrated with King ('hades, [645; negotiated 
with Cromwell, [648; ejected at the Restoration 
from his charge at St. Andrews. He was author of a 
Commentary mi the "Hook of Proverbs"; has left 
an interesting autobiography, and some minor poi ins. 
lie was grandfather of the author of " The Grave." 
k, Kirkgate, Irvine, 1593, tl. 1666. 

55. Sir William Mure, poet ; before his twentieth 
year, he attempted a poetical version of Virgil's story 
of Dido and Aeneas; contributed, 1017, 10 "The 
Muse's Welcome"; < t > 2 S , published a translation into 
English verse of Boyd ol TrOchrig's Latin poem, 
" Jlccatombc Christiana," together with a small 
original piece called " Dooniesday. " His chief work 
is his "True Crucifixe for Catholikes, r62Q." He 
published a metrical version of the Pstiter, 1030. lie 
fought on the popular si. le at die Civil War, and was 
wounded at Marston Moor, 1044. Some ol his 
poem.-, will be found in 1 vh'., "Ancient Ballad i and 
Songs"; London, 1 S 2 7 . b, Rowallan near Kilmai 
nock 1 594, ./. 1657, 

56. Hon, Sir fames Montgomery, s..n of Viscount 
Montgomery of Ards ; followed his falhei to Ireland, 
in which country he played a considerable parr. 
h. Uroadstone, ISeith 1600, tl, [651. 

57. John Kennedy, (nit of Cassillis, ''die sjrave 
and solemn earl"; Covenanting leader; supported 
Henderson in the GjasgOvv Assembly ol 1638 ; 
appointed to Privy Council, 1641 ; one of the three 
ruling elders sent to Westminster Assembly, 1643. 
He opposed die- Kngageuienf, 1648, In [649 he 
was one of the ( j »nmissi< iners who o lie red die Crown 
to Charles II. at Breda ; 105", nominated |ustiee- 
(leneral mid extraordinary Lord of Session. In 1661 
he was reappointed one of die Lord-, of Session, 
having been superseded by Cromwell ; hut, in [662, 
lie was removed again for rcftrstng to lake the oaths 
of allegiance. His wife, Lady jean Hamilton, is 
supposed to have betHl the heroine of the ballad 
"Johnnie l'aa, the Gipsy Laddie." !•. Culzean Ca., 
Maybole (1600), d. [66$. 

58. Thomas Kenntdy, Protestant Maiiyr, a youth 
18 years old, "of excellent ingyne in Scottish 
poesyne" burned in front of ( llasgow < Cathedral, along 
with Jerome Russell. Ayr 1520,*/. 153S. 

59. Robert Barclay 0/ li'arr/x, a zealous Prcsby- 

j terian public man. He was Provost of Irvine, and 
long Commissioner to the Scottish Parliament. He 
devoted himsell with activity and success to the public 
interest in the reign o( Charles I. ; November, 1642, 

j he was named along with the Kails of Loudoun and 
I Lindsay to proceed to the Court to attempt to bring 
J about a mediation between the King and the KnglKh 
; Parliament, b. Warrix, Dreghorn (159 — ), d. (165 — ). 
I 60. Rev. Jdsias Welsh, son of John Welsh, the 
I famous Presbyterian minister of Ayr, who was son-in- 
law to John Knox, IK 1 was one ol the most success- 
ful ol the evangelists who went over from Scotland to 
preach the Gospel in tin- X. of Ireland in the early 
part of the 171I1 century. Settled at Teniplepatrick 
in that country, his labours there are celebrated by 
I Livingstom in his "Characteristics." Deposed by 
j die Bishop ol Down, ht continued to preach in the 
I open air, and so contracted a consumption which cut 
I him off "in the (lower of his age." A life of this 
eminent servant of Christ has been written, anil is 
rpioted in Scots I Worthies, p. 3H3. /'. Ayr 1601, d. 

61. Colonel fohh Fultarton served with distinction 
in Germany and Krance. He became proprietor of 
Dudwick, Aberdeenshire. />. Pullarton, [602. 

02 Will/a/// Cunningham, <)th Pi. of (Hi in aim, 
prominent royalist statesman. In 1043 he joined the 
D. of Hamilton in opposing the sending a Scottish 
army Lo assist live I'Inglish Parliament in its struggle 
with Charles I. ; 1646, appointed L. Justice General ; 
j 164S, entered heart H) into " The Kngagcment : " 
j lw 5.b heat-led an insurrection in the Highlands in 
I favour ol Charles II.; being superseded, m die com- 
mand by Middleton, he withdiew from the army, and 
made- Ills peace with Monk ; assisted to bring about 
J die Restoration of Charles, who appointed him, 1661 , 
j Chaneylloi of Scotland tor life. lie was one uf the 
principal advisers of the re establishment ol episc< ipacy 
in Scotland, but soon learned to repent the counsel he 
had gjven. His death is said to have been hastened 
by the chagrin he fell on account of Archbishop 
Sharp's obtaining precedence of him at Court. b. 
Ayrshire, Kerrila blouse, Slevenstou ? ioto, ,/. [664. 

63. S'n Robert Cu-iiningham, lUn'., <-/ Atieheii* 
fiarvic, Court Physician to Charles II.; taken at 
battle ol Worcester; he was sent to tin- Tower, hul 
.-,0011 liberated ; at the Restoration reinstated in office 
and made baronet. Described as " a worthy man, 
and useful in his lime.'' /'. Dairy 10 , d. 1674. 

04. Celo.ih'1 fames Wallace of Auchens, Covenant- 
ing leader; early entered military profession : 1642, 
he was sent to Ireland to help in quelling the 
insurrection there ; 16451 recalled lo oppose Montrose, 
he was taken pi isoner at Kilsj th ; 1050. ap| ointed to 
the command of die King's loot Guards, taken 
prisoner at Dunbar. In 1666, he headed die rising 
which was, suppressed at die Battle of Rullion Green. 
On the loss of thai battle Wallace went into hilling 
tid he made his escape to die Continent, where he 
wandered about under an assumed name lor some 
years, but finally settled in Holland, where he died. 
Macward, the covenanting theologian, who was his 
intimate friend, describes him as " worthy and great 



[November, 1890. 

Wallace,"' and say.-, " he hath It fi no man behind him 
who hath gone through such a variety of temptations, 
without turning aside to the righl han I or lo the K it. " 
/>. Auchens, Dundonald, 16M, d. 1 (17s. 

65. Kiev. Robert Wallace, A.M., Bishop oj the 
Isles, son of.the iSHnistci of Kilmarnock. Ordained 
tjarnwcill, consecrated liishop 1662. b, Kilmarnockj 
1613, </. i oi'x;. 

66. Sir Hm Campbell, Covenanting leader. lie 
was several times Member of the Scottish I'arliament, 
and suffered greatly under the Stuarts foi his sympa- 
thy with the Covenanters. />. Cessnock, (Jalston, 
161 5, (/. 1 686. 

67. Sir John Cunningham , Hart. , eminent Lawyer. 
Along with Sir George-' Lockhart he pled successfully 
againsl the Duke of Lauderdale's misgovernment be- 
fore Charles II. in Council, lie is mentioned with 
great commendation as a lawyer by Sir George Mac- 
kenzie and Hisho.p Burnet. Created a Baronet [669. 
b. Stewaiion? 16 -, 1/. 1684. 

68. Sir William Wallace, Unit., Lord Creiigh, 
noted Lawyer ami Judge. Admitted to the bar before 
the Restoration; created Baronet 1669; raised to the 
bench 1671; Lord Justice Clerk 1675. /<. Fail font 
Manse, t6 , it. r6ftb. 

69. Jainc* Dalryinplc, 1st Viscount Stair, States- 
man. ' t? nul uated (Glasgow [637 ; ('rofessor *>f Logic 

Iheie 1641; Advocate 164S ; Secretary In C ( nis- 

sioners sent to Co-da to invite Charles I J. lo Scot- 
land ! made' ludge 1 65 7 ; ISaronel f 664 •. President 
of Court "f Session 1071 ; seeks lo modify the Test 
Act 16S1 ; Institutions of the I. aio of Scotland [681 ; 
refuses Test Act and withdrawsMo Leyden 10S2 ; 
published there Physiotogia Mima hen mentalis ; 

returns wun in net 
Lord I'resident and 
mtuchie, B,u 1 . \! .1 \< 

> th 

10SS ; 

. nied 

1 >i\ m 
Paisley, ej 
Wm. 1 >unl 

< H 

wit < / 'u f/«j eminent 1 resoyteitan 
{iinily of Aticbenslleieli. ( hdained 
002.' Lie was father, of Principal 
Auchenskeich 1620, d. 1007. 

71. Rev. fames Ferxmsson, ALA. .eminent Presby- 
terian Divine. Graduated Glasgow 1638; ordained 
Kilwinning [643; " amosl wise, gracious able man," 
who scorned to accept a bfohopric when it was offered 
him. lie has written the following works : iixfiosi- 
timi of Epistles to Phiii/piau* and Colossi,!/.- . , 1050 ; 
lo the (Jala Han* and Eiplwsians, 1659 ; to the i'hes- 
sa/onians, 1675 ; Refutation of the Error* of Tolera- 
tion, Rrastjanism, Independency and Separation, 
1692. />. Kilkerraii, Dailly, 1021,,/. 1007. 

72. A'ez: J/e.\,iua'er Eieh,on, ./.J/., Divine and 
Scholar. Son ..| David Ulcksop, the Covenanter. 
Graduated Glasgow 1 644 ; ordained Xewh.nih- 1653; 
Professor ol Hebrew iMin burgh University 1656. 0. 
Irvine (1621), d. { 1070). 

_ 73- A> '"'"'- fames JliiehJl of Pyhes, Pressliylerian 
Saint, whose beautiful fife and pious death are related 
in the Scots Worthies. /-. pykos, Ardrossan, 1021, 
d. 1643. 

74. Captain John I'a/ou, (^ovendihing martyr, and 
one of the mogt resolu t e of the leaders ol that iariv. 

He distinguished himself in the retreat after the battle 
of Kilsyth, as well as at the victory at Philiphaugh. 
After the battle of Dunbar, al winch he was present, 
he joined the party "I the " Protestors," as they were 
called ; and was defeated) along with Colonels Kef 
and Strachan, by Cromwell, in [heir efforts to arrest 
the progress of the English (itfneral. lb- fought with 
great gallantry at Kullion Green, Druniclog, and 
Bol-hwell Brig. Having been taken prisoner in 1684, 
he was taken i>> lidinhutgh and hanged at the Grass- 
market, 9th May, [685. A record of his many 
doughty deeds is given in the Scots Worthies; and 
the character of his life is summed up thus — " He 
livid a hero and died a martyr." / ; . Meadowhead, 
I'enwick, 1622, d. i6S> 


Till-; following interesting note is from a .MS. in 
the possession (, f Mi". I). Murray Rose, London: 

14 The* people of Aberdeen were desirous of 
worshipping according to the form of the Eng- 
lish Church, and then pastor having j^iven proofs 
of his affection to the Government) the people, 
the better to secure themselves, sent up a loyal 
address to the Queen, craving her protection in 
the peaceable exercise ol theii religion, which 
she was gracious!) pleased to assure them of, in 
a letter written by the Earl of Cromarty. But 

my Lord S — d, Lite Secretary of Stale to 

Her Majesty, to show his zeal against t he spread- 
ing evil of the English Serv ice, wrote about two 
years ago l ! 7' () | to Sir David Dalrymple, Her 
Majesty's Advocate, to suppress their meeting- 
house, which was done, and lie [Sir I). [).| sent 
an account lo the Karl, A" ho replied in the fol- 
lowing terms : 1 1 have laid before the Queen 
the ordci ye have given for shutting i#p the 
Chapel at Aberdeen, with which II. M. is very 
well pleased, and orders me lo tell you that you 
cannot do her more acceptable service than to 
discourage all such innovations everywhere.' 

" The gentlemen and other inhabitants of ( Hd 
Aberdeen thereupon petitioned the Queen in the 
following terms : - 

"'To the Queen, etc., We, yotti Majesty's 
loyal and Dutiful Subjects, in name and at the 
desire of the inhabitants of Old Aberdeen w ho 
are ol the ICpisi opal persuasion, beg leave hum- 
bly to lay before your Majesty : that notwith- 
standing of the repeated assurances we have 
got of your Majesty's Protection in the Exercise 
of out Religion : yet to <>ui great surprise an 
order is lately come From your Majesty's Advo- 
cate in North I'.iitain to shut Up our Chapel, for 
no other reason whaU vcr may be pretended, but 
because we make use of the Liturgy of the 
Chun h of England. 

' Were we guilt) of an invasion upon the 
rights of the Established Kirk, or v\ ere there any 

November, 1890.] 

scorns?! notes and queries. 

standing law in North Britain against the Li: 
turgy of the Church of England, we should not 
claim your Majesty's protection; but seeing 
neither of this can be justly alleged, we arc 
assured your Majesty will not suffer us to be op- 
pressed merely for serving God after our own 
way. We never doubted, but seeing we could 
not in conscience join with the Church, which 
by Treaty of Union is established in North I W i • 
tain, it would gi\ e least offence to use that foi m of 
worship which by the same Treaty is Established 
in South Britain. But we find it far otherwise ; 
for though the French Liturgy lias been these 
many years publi< ly read in the College Hall at 
Edinburgh, and though the Quakers have a 
solemn meeting-house near by us, and .ill sec- 
taries are undisturbed in their way thorow this 
and your other Dominions ; yet no sooner does 
any own himself a s<ui ol the Church of England, 
but forthwith the cry is raised against him, and 
he is charged with the most horrid innovation 
ever crept into the Church oi God. 

'"May it therefore please your Majesty to 
put a stop to such hard proceedings against us, 
and seeing our Ministci gave an earl)' proof ol 
his good affection to the 'Government, is fully 
qualified in terms ol law, prays expressly for 
your sacred person, and keeps all the leasts and 
Thanksgivings as the) are appointed : That 
your Majesty will be graciously pleased to make 
us easie and sharers of the extensive 1 blessings 
that adorn your most happy teign : That your 
life may be long and your arms ever victorious, 
shall be th< - Constant prayer of, etc.' " 

From "Ancient Records of J usliciary," &c. 

(See S, A'. <■*., Vol. I., p. io6.) 
5th January, 161,5. Robert .Stewart, base sou 
to the Earl of Orkney, and lour of the Earls 
servants convict of the treasonable taking by 
surprise his [Majesties Castle of Kirkwall, kirk 
& steeple, and the treasonable refusing i<> 
•deliver it up to the- haul of Caithness, his 
Majesties 1 .ieuteiuut. Some Servants ill the 
Castle of Edinburgh employed, protested not to 

he put on the nssy/e in respect of their prive- 

ledge to be exempted fherefrae, 

The Advocate declared thai this matter so 
nearly concerning his Majesty they should want 
their privi ledge at. this time, but prejudice that it 
should not prejude them in time coming, ;ind 
they according!)' protested in these terms. 

The justice admits the same. 

1st February, 1015. Patrick, Earl of I hkney, 
delaytit of the treasonable causing, sending, 
hounding out and part taking comand, council, 
desire and direction the. treasonable Rebellion of 

Robert Stewart his base 50$, committed men- 
tioned in the said Robert his dittay. There w ere 
Assessors appointed by the Privy Cbuncill, viz. :— 
The Earl of Drumferling, Chancellor; Lord 
Binny, Secrctar ; Mr. John Preston of Penny- 
cook, Precedent of the Session; Sir Gideon 
Murray of (Citibank, Treasurer Depute: Sir 
Richard Cockburn of Clerkington, Sir John 
j Cockburn ol Ormiestown, Sir Alexander Hay of 
j VVhitebiiich, Sir Will. Livingston of Kylsyth, Sir 
I Alcxr. Drumitiorid of Midhope, the four last 
I Senators of tin.- ( lollege of Justice. 
' The dittay is very long narrates the whole 
j circumslam e of this Rebellion (for so it is 
j termed) of Orkney, the said haul and Robert 
his bastard son and their Associates having 
seized the Castle of Barry or Birsy and Kirk- 
wall, and dispossessed the Kings Chamberland 
and Sherriff Depute, seized upon the Henaulds 
who were sent to summon them and kept them 
prisoners, refused to obc) his Majestys Lieut., 
the Earl of Caithness, who required them to 
deliver up the said Castles, &C. 

Robert and his associates wane sentenced to 
be hanged, and their Estates, both heritable and 
moveable, to be forfaulted to the Kings use on 
5th January, 1615, and of said first February 
following, the Earl u,i> doomed to be headed 
at the of Kdinbo and his Estates for- 
faulted and was a< ( ordingly exec ule. 

26th February, 1017. George Gordon of 
Gight delaytit of usurpation of the Kings 
authority by the unlaw full apprehending of 
Thomas 1 lay, son in 1 fay of Ardlethan, bring- 
in;; Uim captive to Aberdeen, and there detain- 
in- him m private carcere, and then carried to 
the Tolbooth, when by the device of the said 
( it urge, John ( 1 01 don pretended Sherriff I )epute 
of Aberdeen put the said Thomas to the know- 
ledge of an Assyze for the slaughter of Adam 
Gordon, brother to GcOrgc, and without form 
of law, and very illegal proceeding and oppres- 
sion, bee- of friends or (-1 procurators, was convict 
and carried bark to private prison, and next 
morning carlic was carried out to a by-place 
and their the said Thomas Hay was cruelly 
-murdered b\ receiving six or seven stroakes on 
the head & shoulders. He is also delaytit of 
wearing and, shooting w ith Haghults, and there- 
with invading Hay of' Buinlhills throu the thigh 
mulilla-ting "I George Hay, his brother, of some 
fingers of the hand. There were five Louis of 
Session appointed Assessors. This was argued 
warmly several days and turn- chiefly on this 
point, how for the panned, a private part)-, could 
without .1 warrant from a judge, apprehend one 
for a crime. This is the last time- Sir William 
Hart is marked Justice Depute, except in this 
proces against Gight that he being declined 



.because of his relation to the Marquis of I ! iintly. 
James Banantyne of Newtyle salt us Judge. 

Nota. Many great Lords appeared both on 
pursuer's, as well as on eight's side. There 
were many Lawiers cited pro et con, those for 
the pannell being chiefly founded upon the 
person apprehended, his having been tane in 
flagranti delicto fitgiens et latitans and that la- 
was a rebel] ;it tin horn, especially thai this 
might be doile by a brother, and yet further thai 
Ik; had a warrant from the SherrifT Depute, 
which la^t, not onl) - authorised him, but would 
have been culpable in not obeying a:, the Law 
requires all the Leidgcs 10 do. But this matter 
came to no sentence before the Justice 'Court, it 
having been remmit to the Air at Aberd". 



N A M E, FA Mil A', A N D ARMS' O !•' S K K N E. 
No. V. 

ALtHOUGH the question, Did Patrick <!«■ Skene 
bear skenes on Ins seal ' to which 1 answer in 
the preceding paper, No ; may involve the whole 
question ol the antiquity of canting heraldry, and 
so be ot general interest ; yet I believe the 
courteous Editor ol this serial would hardly have 
given so much spa; e to these Orig'ines S-fci'tiia?i(P } 
had it not been for considerations * * I a wider 
scope and still more g< neral interest. I i an say 
for myself, at anyrale, thai I had Ion- ceased to 
feel an)' interest in the subject, till last ye ar. 

I have mentioned uu identally that ii was the 
wish of kin- Alevmdei ll. that his natural 
daughter should be legitimized ; but that the 

Tope refused; thai she was the wife of Alan 
Ihtrward, the Grand | usticiar, who was, in some 
way, at least tin: temporary overlord of the lands 
of Skene ; thai she left three daughters, but no 
son; that it is extremely • probable, though far 
from proved, that one of these was married to 
John de Skene; thai this mn\ have been the 
eldest ; and that, had da- Pope acceded to the 
king's prayer, John de .Skene, not |ohn de Baill< ul, 
might have keen called to the throne on the 
death of the Maiden of Noi way. Kvidem e may 
come to light showing th it ;dl these suppositions 
were, realh facts that happened. It is true that, 
even so, the heir ol this Skene dynasty (hypo- 
thetical, but not extravagantly so; would be a 
person quite different to ah) now existing ; yet, 
in spite of that, it eanuoi he uninteresting to the 
people of Britain to have it pointed out to them 
that as generations have, in point of fact, evolved 
themselves, the heir of line of John de Skene is 
now the Duke of I He ; and thai there is nothing 
ill-omened 01 "uncanny" in reflecting thai 

improbable as it is the succession to tlx: Throne 
nhr, 1 be carried on l>\ the third child ot' the 
Prince of Wales, a- it was by the fourth of king 
George 111. 

There is no doubt that Alan Durward was a 
peer, though the title would la- -ou-ht in vain, 
1 dare say, in any Extinct or Dormant Peerage; 
so that, if the Duke of Fife were ever to be 
proved his heir of line, his Grace might claim - 
probably with success the honour ot being 
Premier Baron of Scotland (not, of course, 
Premier Peer) ; which is a position more 
honourable than a dukedom : as in France a 
marquis is far more highly valued than a duke 
or prime: because no marquises have been 
created since the 17th century, but dukes and 
princes man)-, especially by Napoleon ; bo thai 
marquis signifies u at least two centuries of good 
nokilit) A 

Again, I have keen obliged; after fairly 
weighing, and (to all appcaram e) even adopting 
more recent theories, to revert at last to the 
oldest tradition of the origin of the Skenes viz., 

that we aie a c adet branch of the Robertsons of 

Struan, who descend from Duncan, earl ol 
Athole, lawful son of the king of Scots. 

Of this royal line, which was Reigning in 
Britain before the son ot* Thcodosius withdrew 
the legions from tin: southern part of our isle, 
and whose later kings are - aid to be descended 
from Charlemagne, there is thus one certain 
male heir, the t 'hiej of ( landonnochie ; then- is 
also a probable* cadet branch of his house, the 
Skenes; which probability further evidence -may 
turn into certaint) : and the hen' of line ol this 
junior bra hcli (the House of Hanover was, till 
the other day, but the junior branch of Brims-* 
wick, 1 is, again, the Duke of file. May we not 
say '* H:ec olim mcminissc juvabit," should the 
1 louse of 1 ) tit t" evcr.ascend the Throne of these 
realms ? 

Further, Alexander de Skene, lS°7t uas a 
great-grandson of *king Robert Ilk." It follows 
that ll.K.M. Ike Duche>s of Fife is noi more 
nearly related to king Robert 1. than is the 
I >ukc ; or myself. 
! Again, the Skene arms have now an interest 
j which but one or two other subject-coa,ts have 

I for Rrilish subjec ts. 

i From 1715 to 1 N ^7. the compound shield of 
! I b'uuswirk, etc., was borne on an inescutcheoh On 
: the honour point of the Royal shield. Similarly, 
; the paternal coat (France ol the kings of Spain 
; since Philip V. is }>orne on the honour point of 
1 the Royal shield, which is quarterly per cross, 
like our own. (During the brief reign ol 
t Aniadeo, the cross of Savoy replaced 'he lilies 
1 of Kinnce'. It is to be supposed that these 
! ore< edents will be followed: and thai, some 


day, the arms of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha vyill take 
on our coinage Ihc place left vacant since the 
Duke of Cumberland became the head of the 
1 1 ousc of 1 lanO\ er. 

The Duke of Fife quarters per caws huff 
with Macduff. On the proximate failure ol all 
authentic male heirs ol the Skenes, his Grace 
and all his descendants will be required b) the 
heralds to quarter also, as an integral part ol 
their arms, the < oat of Skene. Should, then, the 
Crown replace the present ducal coronet, the 
sovereigns, half-sovereigns, Ijalf-crowns, ml 
florins of fotu re generations of lieges may bear 
these very skenes and wolves' heads the legen- 
dary Virtutis regiantcrcey of which my readers 
will perhaps feel they have had (till then) quite 

They might - who knows ? have been the 
Royal arms of a State which runs us hard. The 
familiar stars and stripes of the U.S. are the 
coat, and the eagle is the Crest, of the Wash in -tons 
of Washington, co. Durham. ( Icorge Washington 
was a militia-officer who had never heard a shot 
fired in anger. In a previous paper I have 
mentioned my ancestor, Philip Skene, whom 
king George, on the suggestion ol Amherst and 
Pitt, settled as a sort of Lord Warden of the 
Marches, on the south of turbulent Canada, 
with a territory all his own now worth much 
over /6o,ooo,ooo stg. lie had seen more 
service, than any other colonist, having been a 
soldier from the age of eleven ; and it was 
naturally to him that the revolting colonials first 
turned for direction, lie preferred 10 do them 
all the in in hi.pouri ; so the) coulisi ated 
his lauds and < battel-,, and attainted him and 
• his son ol high treason, two years after the 
Treaty of Peace had been signed at Versailles ! 

Well ; 1 do not regret that the American 
insignia are what they an, and not what the;, 
perhaps might have been ; hut, after all, '* we 
don't seem t<> have got much forrarder," since 
one 1 ). J. J u\ enal w rote 

" Avulc illiquid hrevil.u.-, Gyaris n earcere iHgnam, 
Si vis esse ali<|uis ! Pmbiias laudalur et alget." 

A. V. SK t N i . 

The Sivi-Ni: Arms (IV., 67). In his inte- 
resting notes Ott this. subject, which have recently 
appealed in these eolfetnms, Mr. Skene stairs 
that the chief of the elan "is the sole creature 
on the gToije winch bears two Highlanders " as 
supporters. This I think is hardly correct 
Kincaid of that ilk registered aims in 1808 as 
fbll'pWS : Gules a ies- ci mine between tw o mul- 
lets in chief 01, and a ti iple towered (a ale in 
base aigefif masoned sable. St*fij>orter$, two 
Highlanders dressed ffi the highland garb and 
armed with steel cuirasses each holding a Loch- 

aber axe all proper. Again, in 1873 Cluny Mac- 
pherson, as chief of his 1 lan, got a grant of sup- 
porters, thin. : Two ilighlanciiwen in short tar- 
tan jacket:, and hose w ith helmets on their heads, 
dirks at their left sides ami targets on their ex- 
tenor arm-., their thighs bare and their shirts 
tied bet wi i-n 1 lii-in. J. Ik 1\ 

"A. 1'. S." is scarcely correct in what he states 
about tin' aims and supporters of Skene of that 
Ilk. He says that the Robertsons of Struan and 
the Skenes are the only two families in Scotland 
that bear three wolves' heads. Now McQueen 
of Corryhaugb boars argent three wolves' heads 
COuped sable, and McCulloch of Myreion bore 
azure three wolves' heads erased argent. This 
coat was allowed as a quartering to McCulloch 
of liaihoim. As to supporters, he states that 
the chief' of the Skene family " is the sole crea- 
ture on the globe" who bears iisjo Highlanders 
as supporters. I la following families have two 
Highlanders for supporters : Mackenzie of Kil- 
coy, M acta 1 lane of that Ilk, Cluny Macpherson, 
and Maconochie of Meadovvbank. 

R. C. W. 

CoNNACii i.IA'., 5).--- 1 think Mr. Carrie is in 
error in his intei prelation of the fiie.'ining ol this 
verb. In Jamiesoii s Scottish Dictionary^ abr., 
we find tla: significance of the word thus de- 
lined: (i) To abuse in whatever way. Abcrd. 
Pennicuik. di) To trample on. (3) To lavish 
or waste. Abcrd, General Surv., Nairn. It is 
scarcely likely, therefore, that the verb would 
ever be Correctly used 10 express the very oppo- 
site iih a. Robert bei ..; uson, the poet, uses the 
word in the third of the senses noted above:— 
" 'I la- Luis in order talc' their sent 
(The deil may claw the clungest), 
They siech and connach sac the incal 
Their teeth male' niair than tongue haste." 
May riot Mr. Carriers memorj be serving him 
ill, when lie thmks he recals a north country 
woman who in his boyhood used the word in the 
sense of economise ? Keen if he is right, as to 
the phrase ha- heard in his youth, may not the 
meaning ol the user ol the phrase, "she could 
not connach die meal," have been, that the per- 
son referred to had been brought up with such 
high notions that she could not be expected to 
make that free use of oatmeal as an article of 
I diet, which was common in more thrift)- housc- 
j hold •. and that on tint account she was uhsuitcd 
' for the management of a family. W. \). R. W. 
" Hu.l)liJJROl'i M OK "fel.MKOfi?" When 
reading in Mr. CockburiVs interesting "Notes 
j on Rhymes, Old Mayings, &c," about "Hilde- 
brod," I was reminded of a cutting that I had 
, maih.- from the Literary World a number ol 
j years ago, and of which I append a copy. It 
J w ill be seen that quite a different source is as- 


SC077ISH NOTES AND QUERIES. [November, 1890. 

signed for this remarkable epitaph. I do not I extracted from Longmatfs Supplement to Co- 
remembei the notice of Mr. fvI'Crie's work re- uBhfs Peerage, edition 5. William the Conqueror 

granted to an ancestor of Lord Rawdon the 
estates in Yorkshire on which is the noble man- 
sion called Rawdon Hall, still enjoyed by his 
father, the Earl of Moira, in the following brief 
poetical deed, according to the custom of the 

ferrcd to, noj whether any reply appeared to 
Mr. Mathews' letter, but those who have the 
Literary World for 1875 ;it hand may consult 
its pages. It would be interesting to know what 
is really the origin of this unique epitaph. It 
seems clear that George MacDonald is not the 
author, although he has turned it to apt account. 
Kelso. W. Macintosh. 

(Copy of Utter.) 
To the LColitOr of tlx- LITERARY WOKLD. 
Sl'Rj —Mr. MdCrte, whose new work you reviewed 
last week, is mistaken respecting the authorship of 
the epitaph he censures the author of " David Elgin- 
brod ' for writing. I chanced upon the same epitaph 
in :i book of ana, entitled IHowers dJ Literature, pub- 
lished in 1824 (the ycai ol Mr. MacDonald's birth), 
and is there stated to have been discovered graven on 
a stone in a country churchyard swine where in the 
north of Ireland. That the identity may he seen at a 
glance, 1 gi\ e it below : 

" Here liggeith J, Martin lilmrod, 
I la' mercy on my said, gude God, 
As I wad'yeres, an I were (iod, 
An ye were Martin EbnrooV' 
Perchance Mr. MacDonald gave his hero a name of 
like sound to the one in the original epitaph to enable 
him to adant it, and which add-, to the singularity of 
a notable book. 

('11. I:j.kin Mathews. 
Codford St. Mary's, Wilts, Dec 2/, 1S75. 

Nurser\ Stories and Juvenile Rhymes 
(IV., 94). It was the- custom in Forfarshire, 
some seventy years ago, if it is not so still, foi 
mothers, before putting buby to bed, to .' 
themselves before the tire, with the- child on 
theii knees, in orderto warm its feet well before 
turning into bed To.kecp it quiet meanwhile, 
and hush it nicely over to sleep, they gently 
patted its link' feet, at ihe same time reciting a 
dogger-el rhyme, as indicated b) your Corres- 
pondent " Mormond^ ; but the rhyme used here- 
about was not that given by The following 
version occui s to me : 

" t, William, Kyng, the thurd yerc of my reign, 
Give to the Paulyn koydon, Hope and floptowne, 
With al! Ih.: bounds boll, up and clowne ; 
hroin Ueven to fertile, from Y T erthe to He] 

For the and thyn, ther to duel, 
As truly as this Kyng right is myn ; 
For a Crossbow and an Arraw 
When 1 sail come to hunt on Yarrow, 
And in token that this thing is sooth, 
1 by! the whyl wax with my mouth 
Jlefom Meg, Mawd, and Margery, 
And my third Sonne Henry."' 

U A ••rant of an estate on Devonside,' 1 adds 
the editor of the Sects Magazine, " was origin- 
ally made by the- celebrated John o 1 Gaunt to a 
great family (viz., the Bossets of Heanton Court) 
of that country jn a similar manner: 
"1, John of daunt, 

Do freely give and grant 
hi inn me and mine 
To thee and thine, 
'Idie barton- bee 
of Umberleigh." 
A tine sample for modem conveyancers. 


470. K 1 

informal i< m 
the sale of 
also appear 

s (. 

S ll 


an you 


l fellow lme : 

«' mine 

us ma 

|usl as weel as ony man. 
I'm a bit upon die toe, 
f oi l,, make the bca.tie go, 
Put a bit upon tile heel, 
To make I he hea.-'lie pai ie Weel. 
facie weel, pack- weel. 
Carnoustie. JOtlN CARRIE. 

Poetical Dki.ks. The Scots Magazine fox 
September, 1 786, contains the following "Brief 
Poetical Deed of William the Conqueror. 3 The 
absurdity ol such "Grants" has been already 
referred to in A'. A. fir* Q. It is stated b be 

i' bi 1 am collecting 
and have a. memorandum of 
about ninety years ago. It 
iele, p. 97 of A. A r . eir (>. for 
October, fehal M0w.1t bough 1 the music bells, one of 
which 1 presume, Mill al Tough, Are any records 
extaait as. to wlval Mowal'did with the rest exf his pur- 
chase? Areanyoftln bells extani elsewhere? 

C. S. L. 

471. [nr. AuTiiDk.stiii' ok "Tin-. Wee Bit 
Wll'iKiE." The Kev. William Walker, Monymusk, 
in his Life and Times of the Rev. John Shiinn r, 
Lon^shk) page 208, says Skinner'.- contemporary, 
(leddes, the distinguished lianflshirc priest, poet, and 
1'iiljlical- scholar l'7.57 1802) seems never to have 
.acknowledged the Scotch songs attributed to him, 
and his righl to the authoihhrp of "The Wee bit 
Wiiikie " has been disputed. 1 was not before aware 
of the Rev. Alexander Geddcs's title to the authorship 
ol this song being disputed. Perhaps some of your 
readers may be able authoritatively m settle this 
mailer, now that attention has been directed to the 


Edinburgh. BON-ACCORIX 


1 19 

472. Local Hallad. --During a recent, visil to 
Aberdeenshire I gleaned Eire following fragment of -a 
ballad which still lingers in the memories of some of 
the inhabitants of the I lowc o' Cromar, where lndego 
is situated. Myown impression is ihat the ballad 
has reference to the period of "The Trilbies," possi- 
bly to '°45i when contingents wen: gathering n> the 
Batik: of Alford, in the near neighbourhood. In the 
hope thai some one may he able to complete the bal- 
lad, or throw additional light on its circumstances, I 
subjoin the verses as repeated to me : — 

THE HAlUilllK.s o' INDEGO. 

1. 'Twas uii a I lalloweven's day, 
The play begpod aboot the sky, 
They look a wallop thro' the ley 

'J'o' the haughies o' lndego. 

2. The Fanpiharsons were plenty I here, 
The K lasers Hacked frae everywhere, 
The Gordons brave they had their share, 

'XV the haughies o' lndego. 

3. The laird o' P.chi and piper Skene 
Danced bailh bare-headed 'nealli the meen, 
An' lads an' lasses on the green, 

'IV the haughies o' indego. 

4. A greater wee there did betide, 
Miss Catherine Gordon was a bride, 
The laird o' Skene lay by her side, 

TV the haughies o' lndego. 

5. Some ran ah to the Isle o' Skye. 
Some wanna by the brig o Dye ; 
The laird he had to France to fly • 

Frae the haughies o' I ml ego. 
Thornhill. G. W. 

473. 1 Iu.m ft i Ki-.v M 1 1.1 s, <. i.Mi'k.MAKKk. -Three 
autiijue clocks aie deposited in the MoiiD'ose Museum, 
iwo ol which bear tlu: makcC, name " Humph re) 
Mills Pecit," .'i. the top. These chuks beat no dale, 
hul one ol them is commonly known as "Wuhan's 
Clock, and supposed to hase been the properly ol I he 
martyr who was burned at Si. Andrews in 1546. 
When did Mills die? or about what period did he 
follow the vocation of clockmakei , as these- articles do 
not appear to he }y> years old r 

Kern lea, Montrose. James G. Low. 

474. Communication between Petekiie«\.d and 
Aberdeen. - Does any one know what' were the pub- 
lic conveyances which existed during the last quarter 
of the eighteenth century between the two towns? 

London. (. A. 

475. Tut'. Provosts ok Aberdeen . — A list of 

the citizens who have held the office, down to the 

present time, with their periods ol service, and pro- 
fessions, would be an interesting record. When was 
the title of Lord Provost first used, and why is it eon- 
fined to Aberdeen, Edinburgh, Glasgow, and, I think, 
Perth ? 

476. Knock (.'\siii:. What is the histor) ol this 
picturesque ruin, which stands on a small hill near 

477. Old Bridge <>e Gairn, ni. vu IJallatkr. 
- by whom was this bridge built ? lb>\\ did ii fall ? 

1 Cam bus O'May. •Twenty live years ago there was 

a large stone with a pe< uliar formation in the top, the 
result no doubt ol the a< lion of water, standing up in 
J the bed ol the river at a curve, h was called the 
j "Devil's D. omng Needle." Is there any local tra- 
| dition connected w ith this stone ? 

479. Incorporated Trades.? -Some information 
regarding ihe foundation oi this body, and the differ- 
ent crafts connected with it in 'Aberdeen, would be of 

general interest. 

480. Grammar School, Aberdeen. When was 

ool Inst 


Was it always in th< 

building in the Schoollull, now a merchants ware- 
house ?' Who was ihe first master? 

Pom bay. J. Lease. 

481. T<> [IeLL OR CON NAUGHT In Madden's 

United Irishmen, vol. 1., p. J5 (1842), the- following 
statement is made : He (Cromwell) resolved to 
confine the- Irish Catholics to the more remote of the 
f air Prov inces, and he issued the order of removal 
with Spartan brevity - ' To hell or ( onnaught. 5 " 
What is tip- origin of this story ? Tin- expression is 
not in ( 'romwell's style. 

Dollar. ' W. 15. k. W. 

482. Rose of Lethendie. Can any Genealogist 
inform me whether Alexander Rose of Lethendie— 
1687-17321 — was the son of Dr. John Rose of bovcran 
(who died circa iGyi) and brother ol [ohn Rose of 
Drumossic, who died circa 1682? Who did Alexan- 
dei Ruse, 1st of Lethendie, marry? Early reply will 
oblige. I ). M l! RRAY Rose. 

5 Harpur St., Theobald Road, London, W.C. 

483. Rose of Aberdeen. Lieutenant Alexander 
Rose, ll.K.J.C.S., son of Dr. Rose of Aberdeen, used 
foi ctesl a Rose gules with motto, Vei^penx virtus. 
Can any leader kindly give me Christian name oi 
Di . Ruse, and some informal ion as to his descent ? 

London. D. MURRAY ROSE. 

484. Mi rder oe Gam I'BELI of Law ers.— Where 
can 1 1 1 1 1 < [ reference to this murder, wliich look place 
at ( ireenock in 1723 ? 

Kcnmorc. J. C. 

485. "Things in General. "--—Car* any reader 
give particulars as to the "-personality " and history 
of the author ol the book of which the title page- runs : 
" Things in General j being Delineations of persons, 
places, scenes, circumstances, situations, and occur- 
rences in ihe Metropolis, and other parts of Britain, 
with an Autobiographic Sketch in limit:. , and a notice 
touching Kdinburgh. By Laurence Longshank, Gent. 
London: printed Tor Sherwocxl, Jones A: Co., Pater- 
noster Row; and Smith A- Klder, I'em hurch Street, 
1824"? I have heard him spoken ol us Mudie by 
name and. a bookseller by nude-, oat cannot recall 
particulars. Thai he was a student at King's College 
is evident from other circumstances than his telling 
the story ol Downie's murder; but thai his native 

parish was Monymusk, as he tells his readers, is 

a'nofher story, .-hall we say? W. A. 

486. Leslie among the Leitiis. in Sir Walter 
Scott's review of the Culloden Papers (Prose Works, 

[November, 1X90. 

Vol. 20, 1835, or Quarterly KcvicvJ, for [miliary, 
tSi6), he tells a story of a Leslie, who, finding himself 
among a number of liis hereditary enemies, tin- Leiths, 
at a dance, drew his dagger, stabbed them righl and 
left, jumped out of a window, and escaped. "The 
fact, adds Sh Waller, " is commemorated in the 
well known tune o( lriumj>h called Leslie among the 
faiths" Where did Sh Walter gel this very apocry- 
phal story ? and where is the ''well Known" tune to 
be found ? II. W. L. 


233. Latin Poems (II., 142). In addition to 
What Mr. Hadden has sent you on this snbject, 1 ti.nd 
also in my own notes xhe following particular; : |ohn 
Leech, a native of Montrose. He graduated at one 
of the Aberdeen Universities in 1014, and flourished 
as Latin poet in the 17th century, under the name 
Johannes Leocbaeus. 

Dollar. W. B. R. W. 

275. Cock <>k this North (III., 13, 30, 46; 

IV., 58). I incline to the opinion thali this name was 

given at an early period to the (Iuntly branch of the 
Cordon family, on account ol the fact thai the Gor- 
don clan was the st longest powci in the North-KaSl 
of Scotland. The earliest reference I have found to 
t he use of this phrase in connection \yhh the I Iuntly 
( iordon for the time being is taken from ( leoige I lay's 
History of A rbroath y Part II., Ch. VI,, p. 65(1876). 
Here we read regarding Iluntly's presence at the 
battle of Arbroath, on Sunday, 23rd January, 1445, 
" One of Ogilvie's friends was Sir Alexander Gordon 
of Seaton., afterwards Earl of [Iuntly and Cock of the 
North, who was on his way to Slrathtyre, when he 
broke his journey at the Castle of [.nverquhadh ," and 
look pail n\ the severe battle between the Ocilvics 
and. the Lindsays which followed almost immediately. 
If he was the firs! Gordon. Hi whom that name was 
given, as the (puliation seems to suggest, ii i> possible 
that its application to him may have originated in the 
conspicuous part he played in the 'overthrow of the 
Douglas and Lindsaj coalition against the Stuarts, at 
the battle of Brechin, 18th May," 1452. He dud and 
was buried in Klgin. [470. 

Dollar. W. B. R. W. 

282. JAMES Walks, Aunsr (III., 1 j, 30, 78, 
l 75)- The following is the inscription on a table! to 
Wales' memory in the Cathedral of Bombay, where 
he had presumably died, although it is not specifically 
stated :-" Sacred to the memory of James Wales, 
gent. , a native ol IVterheaiT, Aberdeenshire , who died 
in November 1 70c;, aged 48 ; also to the memory of 
Margaret, his wife, daughter of William W allace and 
Anne Taylor, his wife, of Dundee, who, died in May 
1795, aged 30 ; also of Angelica, their infant daugh- 
ter, boril at ( olaba, and died in December 1795, aged 
7 months. This tablet is elected by Susan, the eldest 
of four surviving daughters, in grateful and affection- 
ate remembrance of her parents." 

Bombay. j. Lie ask. 

449. Grammar Kchqoi Mkimls (.IV., 57] in 

answer to this query, I beg to say that the two Archery 

Medals in the Grammar School collection, bearing 
the names ol George Mackenzie and (ohn Banner- 

m. in, have no dale. bin: M;k kt ii/ic Medal is in- 

trinsically the poorest 0! lite whole, Uoubllesg the 
Winner was the son ol sonic Ilighlandei with more 
pride lhan money. The pride i-. manifest. by the fact 
that the legend is priiuo v/i'it t thereby indicating that 
the winner meant to win it again. The medals seem 
to have got gradually more sumptuous, and I would 
be inclined to think thai the Mackenzie one is earlier 
than tin- first dated one, that is, than 1 667. The 
Han Herman medal is a tasteful oblong medal of medium 
size, ami bears to In- the symbol nf a third victory. 
All the other medals except the Fraser medal have 
dales. |amks MOJR. 

The Ash, Hamilton Place, Aberdeen. 

459. Apprentices 1-'kd on Salmon (IV., 75).— 

11 I'. C." will Imd in Book of Botl'Accord that menials 
frequently stipulated they should not be served with 
Salmon more than three times a week. C. 

461. Tut': Battle <>r Aikey Bkae (IV. 98). — I 

am afraid that the so-called battle on Aikey brae was 
a very small aftair, in point of lad a mere skirmish 
between a scattered remnant of Cu mining's followers 

who had been Overtaken in their retreat or High J from 

Brucellin in New Deer, where a well contested fight 
I hail taken place, and the advanced guard of King 
j Robert's small army. The brunt ol the light does 
I not appear, as the local tradition w«>u!d indicate, to 
j have taken place on what is now understood to be 
I Aikey Iliac, but on the opposite, or south side of the 
' hill, in fields which now form portions of the farms of 
i Brae of Biffie and I 'ark house. My reasons for form- 
I ing this opinion, is the fact that no relics of the light, 
! so far as 1 have heard, have ever been found on Aikey 
! Brae, whilst a great many, in the shape of speai heads, 
I buckles and pieces ol ancient armour, rusty sword 
| blades, bones of horses, and decayed handles of 
i swords and dirks, besides some heads' of battle a\es, 
j also very much destroyed by rust, wen- found when 
j trenching and draining on die fields which I have 
| mentioned. Mr. Burnett, a former occupier of the 
I (arm of I Viae of Biffie, had quite a collection of these 
I articles, including a cuirass, or breast plate, and a 
I target, almost entire, which were dug up whilst laying 
a drain in the Iowa? part of one those fields. Mr. 
Burnett was a connection ol my own, and I recollect, 
when a boy, being at his house, when his brother, the 
laird ol KIrick, and several other gentlemen, were 
being shown this collection., whilst I sat listening with 
deep interest to then discussion regarding the- in- 
cidents of the light. We afterwards visited the fields 
and were shown the various places wheie the articles 
were picked up; and should the Huchan Kield Cluh 
ever think of visiting tin- spot, 1 shall have much 
pleasure in acting as guide and pointing out these 
'■ spots to them. Archaeology was very imperfectly 
understood, t«v« n by others ise tolerably well informed 
men, in those days, and the conclusions which these 
gentlemen earue to, although they had the benefit of 
a General officer, belonging either to the American or 
British Army, to k'eep them right, seems very absurd 
in these more enlighte ned lime'-. For instance, the 
cairns em the summit of the windhill, as also those 

November, 1890.] 

round the Druid's temple on Biffie, were gravely 
eclared to have been erected to mark the burial 
[lace of the slain; but 1 think that your correspondent, 
dr. Milne, has got hold of the correct thing, and 
hat the dead were collected and interred in the 
Lbbey burying ground, or in the adjoining kirkyard 
>f Old Deer. King Robert had evidently been ()l 
opinion that he had already committed a sufficient 
unount of sacrilege by killing the Red dimming in 
he Convent at Dumfries, for instead of molesting the 
>rethren of the Abbey of Deer, he confirmed all their 
brmer privileges, and, if I recollect rightly, granted 
hem some others in addition, Probably, a Iter he- 
ight, he and his followers adjourned to the Abbey, 
iccording to the usages of the lime, where devotion 
irecedeel or followed bloodshed, to return thanks 
ind sing a Te Detim in honour of their victory. The 
dea of the mounds, which Mr. Milne opened, being 
he graves of the slain, is quite a recent one, dating 
Lack to about 1850, when the late Dean Ranken, by 
way of a joke, acquiesced in a suggestion of an old 
,ady of the name of Arthur, thai they were places of 
sepulture or Danish barrows. They wen- neither, but 
simply mounds of turf thrown up by the owners of 
ktands or tents, on which to display their wares, or to 
Accommodate their customers with seats on market- 
lays. My own idea regarding the light is, that it took 
place in order to cove-i the retreat, or flight, of the 

rear of Cumming'.s followers, \s ho had been overtaken 
ind surprised by the advam ed guard of I] r uce's army, 
and that it was merely a temporary stand to allow the 
bulk of the defeated part)' to get across the morass or 
swampy ground between the two hills. 1 form this 
opinion from the fact, that the relics which I have 
mentioned were all found in the neighbourhood of an 
old load, which is still sometimes used as ft near cut, 
leading towards the south, in the mossy ground, and 
on the side of the burn, which separates the Windhill 
from that of Bif'fie. 

Stewart field. William Boyd. 

461. Tub Battle <»k a iky Rkak (IV., 98).— 
The Battle said to have occurred there alter Inverurie, 
between Bruce and the ' Vinyns, appears to be a myl h, 
and to have had its origin ill a statement made by 
Boece (who quoted from Fordun), " that after the 
victory at Inverurie (22nd May, 1308), a great num- 
ber of English and Scots, led by Donald ol the Heb- 
rides, came against King Robert. He immediately 
sent Kdward Bruce, his brother, against thenb who 
met them at the Water of Deir.and in the fight killed 
Rotholnndo, a knight, with man)' other nobles, Do 
nald, the leader, being taken alive in his flight." 
b'ordun's account of the event luis — " In the same 
year as the Battle at Inveiury, at the feast of St I'eter 
and St Paul (24th |une), Donald of the Isles, with the 
Galleweigans, gathered togethei a great host of foot 
and marched up the river Dee (in Kirkcudbright), 
when he was met by Kdward Bruce, who overcame 
the said Donald and all the ( ialleweigans. In the 
light Edward slew a certain knight named Roland, 
and many of the nobles of Galloway, and arrested 
their leader Donald, who had taken' IligllJL" The 
subject is referred to liyTytJor in his /fa'slojy, Vol. K, 
p. 271. J. A. 


463. Rebel ai the Horn (IV., 98). -This 

phrase originated from the manner in which a person 
was denounced an outlaw. A King's Messenger, 
legally empowered for this purpose, after other 
formalities, must give three blasts with a horn, by 
which the person is understood to be proclaimed rebel 
I 10 the King, for- contempt ol his authority, and his 
moveables escheated to the King's use. A forensic 
phrase, much used in our courts, mentioned so early 
as the reign of William the Lion'. 

Edinburgh. T. G. S. 

463. Rebel at the Horn (IV., 98). — Ogilvifs 
Imperial Dictionary : " To put to the horn, in Scots 
law, is lo denounce as a rebel ; to outlaw a person for 
not appearing in the Court to which he is summoned. 
This is done by a inessenger-at-arms, who proceeds to 
the Cross of Edinburgh, and, amongst other formali- 
ties, gives three blasts with a horn, by winch the per- 
son is understood to be proclaimed rebel to the King 
lor contempt of his authority. Ilence the origin of 
tin- phrase." C. 

463. Rebel at the II<>kn (IV., 98). — -This is 
an old Scotch form of legal diligence against a debtor, 
which is now practically obsolete. The following is 
the nature of the proceedings: — After the debt was 
constituted in one or other of the necessary legal 
(onus, the creditor obtained what is called letters of 
horning, directed to a messenger-al-arms*, requiring 
him to charge the debtor to pay ihe debt or perform 
the obligation within a certain lime, undei pain of 
being declared a rebel, I he period of time allowed 
the debtor for implementing his obligation varied 
according to ' circumstances, and w as regulated by 
certain definite rules. If the debtor failed to obey 
the " will" or command of the letters, within the days 
mentioned, he was denounced as a rebel, at ihe market 
cross ol the head borough ol the shire wherein he 
resided. The proeess ol denunciation is slated by an 
old legal authority as follows :— 4 1 There (at the 
market cross) the messenger must, before witness, 
first make three several '())\sses' J with an audible 
voice. Next he must read the letters, also with an 
audible voice, and afterwards blow three blasts with 
an horn; by which the debtor is understood lo be 
proclaimed rebel to the king for contempt of his 
authority, and his moveables to be 1 escheated ' to the 
king's use." These letters of diligence are therefore 
called " letters of horning," and the debtor was said 
to be denounced as a nbel at the horn. 

Edinburgh. P. G. 

464. Tub Village 01 Torry, Kincardine- 
shire (IV., 98). In answer to Mr. William Keid's 
Inst query When did the village of Torry, in 
Kincardineshire, cease to be a Burgh of Barony ? — 1 
am inclined, in lieu of authentic information on the 
point, to be of opinion that it ceased to be a Burgh of 
Barony shortly In loo- the Reformation, when the 
Abbots of Aberbrolhoc b ased the hall of the lands of 
Torry to Menzies of Pitfoddels, and then turned this 
lease into a fen. After the Reformation it was turned 
into a temporal lordship, ami Tony passed into ihe 
hands ol Kdrbes of MonynuiRk, but subject to the feu 

1 Oyes 01 Oye* mcanine, lieai y- : the introductory call of a 
public crier for attention. 




[November, 1890. 

right in favour of I'itfoddcls. His second query is 
therefore answered — Who was the Superior or Superi- 
ors?— viz., Menzies of Pitfoddels, ami Forbes of 
Monymusk. It seems that the township of Aberdeen 
did not become the Superiors of Tony till 1704, when 
the Master of Mortifications bought the hunts from 
Sir William Forbes of Monymusk, with the six 
mortifications of Dr. Duncan Liddel, fames Cargill, 
Patrick Copland, Dr. Guild, Sir Thomas Crombie, 
and Alex. Jafifray. Thence the proprietor of L'itfoddels 
and the town of Aberdeen's lands ran rig-for-rig till 
1785- J- B. F. 

465. FORHES Coat ok Arms (IV., 98). — I have in 
my possession an original letter of Patrick Forbes, 
Bishop of Aberdeen, of date 1625. The letter hears 
an impression of his seal, showing a rross between 
three /wars' heads. • C. 

465. FORBRS COAT ok ARMS.— 1 had occasion to 
write the late Dr. Burnett, Lyon King at Aims, some 
years ago, about another " Coat," and a portion of 
his reply will, I think, answer " Liltlefirlot's " ques- 
tion ; — " Boars' head.-, must be a mere slip of the pen 
for Dears, inasmuch as no heads except those of bears 
arc ever mu tzled, 

Marburg, a/d Lahn. John Mackay. 

465. Forbks Coat of Arms (IV., 98). -The fob 
owing description of the arms used by the various 
branches of the Forbes family, about the period of 
Charles II., may serve "Littlehrlot " and be of general 
interest otherwise. The in format- ion is taken, with some 
slight alterations, from Memoranda relating to Forbes 
of Water/on, privately printed, Aberdeen, 1857 : - 

1. Lord Forbes. -Azure, three bears' heads couped 
argent, muzzled gules, supported by .t\Vo greyhounds 
argent, collared gules, (real a slag's head attired 

Nope*. %i'l t : . r 

2. (sOrsindtw. rocties as al»o\e with crescent for 
difference. Crest a hoar's head. 

3. Monymusk. ■ Azure, on a chevron between three 
bears' heads couped argent, muzzled gules, a man's 
heart proper, yvilh wings or, 

4. Rulnslaiy. -Azure, a skein fesse argent, hilled 
and pommelled or, between ihree bears' heads couped 
of the second, and muzzled sable. Crcsl a dove 

5. Btrl/htig, Azure, a chevron between three bears' 
heads couped argent, nruzzled gules, a man's heart 
proper, between two skein-, of the first pommelled or. 
Crest a skein piercing a man's heart proper. 

6. ( \>rss. - —-Azure, a cross -couped or, between three 
bears' heads couped argent, muzzled gules. 

7. Craigiwar, Azure, three bears' heads couped 
argent, muzzled sable, in centre a cross patee Gtche 
of the second. CJrCSl a cock proper. 

8. Graiuird. -Azure, three bears' head.-, couped 
argent, muzzled sable, supported on the dexter by a 
unicorn or, powdered with ermine spots sable, and 
on the sinister by a dragon ermine. 

9. Pitsligo.-- Ouarlcrly first and fourth Forbes, 
with a. crescent for difference ; second and third, a/me, 
three cinqucfoils argent, tor Fraser. Su )| orters two 
bears proper, ("rest a falcon. 

10. Rives. — Quarterly, first and fourth or, a lion 

rampant gnles, forWemysof Rives ; second and third, 
Forbes. Crest a greyhound passant, proper. 

1 t. Eeht, -Azure, a fesse cheque, argent and gules, 
between three bears' heads COUped of the second, and 
muzzled of the third. 

12. Millbuy. — Azure, a skein pale ways, with a 
wolf's head couped or on the point, between three 
bears' heads couped argent, muzzled gules. 

tj. Tolquhon. — Quarterly first and fourth Forbes; 
second and thiol three unicorns' heads erased sable, 
for Preston. Supporters two greyhounds proper col- 
lared gules, ('rest a stag's head often tynes. 

[4, Wdterton. Same as Tolquhon with surtbut an 
escutcheon argent, charged with a sword and key 
saltier-ways gules, as Constable of Aberdeen. Crest 
eagle displayed' sable. 

15. Savock. — As Tolquhon, and for difference a 
crescent .surmounted of another. 

16. Attchreddy.—h% Tolquhon, all within a border 
cheque, argent and gules. Crest a sword headways, 

17. Rallogie. Parted per fess, azure and argent, 
liist Forbes second Preston. Crest a sheaf of arrows. 

i.S. Ciilloden. Azure, on a chevron between three 
bears' heads couped argent, muzzled yules, three uni- 
corns' heads erased sable. Crest an eagle displayed 

19. Foveran.- As Tolquhon, and i.i the centre of 
the aims of Forbes a cross patee argent for difference. 
( 'rest a cross patee argent. 

Alex. M. Mt'KRO. 
467. David Drummond's Pokms (IV., 98). — The 
poems of Drummond's referred to in the Modem Seat- 
tis/i Minstrel "The Bonnie bass 0' Levenside" — 
appears in the little volume of Poems on different Su/>- 
b\ William Kanken, rieven, published al I.eith 
I in iSi2. There i> a copy in [he Mitchell Library, 
I Glasgow. I mi) further say that " The Twa Lichts : 
the Auld and the New," the other poem wanted, is 
not contained in this Volume. I have seen the said 
poem, but lail to remember where. 

Mitchell Library, Glasgow. John Inuram. 


Salcctiom ' frofn 11 'odrdnfs Biographical Collec- 
tions Divines of the North Fast of Scotland. 
Edited by Reverend Kqijert Li pit.. Aber- 
I deen : 1890. [Ixxxv. + 360 pp.] 
Tin-. New Spalding Club has in this goodly 
volume reproduced for the first time a selection 
ol biographies that cannot fail to be of lasting 
interest, especially blithe district which is the 
I peculiar field of its operations. They are 
I thirteen in number, including such names as 
I liishops Cumin, Blackburn, V. Forbes and 
Win. Forbes, with |ohn Craig, Principal Ferme, 
eve, all men who played an important part in 
the ecclesiastical and educational history of their 
times. Considering nil the circumstances under 
which Wodrow wrote, it is matter of astonish- 

November, 1890.] 



incut arid satisfaction that be has been able to 
amass such a body of' facts regarding the one 
hundred and odd men whose lives he rehearses. 
I lis labours herein, and Ids other 14 Collections," 
prove him to have been a tireless accumulator. 
The present editor, Mr. Lippe, introduces the 
subject by ;i resume^ of the history of the Church 
of Scotland, judiciously dividing it into three 
periods: Tin 1 Celtic Church; The Media val 
Church; and The Modern Church. Mr. Lippe 
librates very skilfully between the conflicting 
opinions as to these different epochs, as one w ho 
has weighed the evidence carefully, lit: then 
supplements Wodrow's text by introducing new 
materials regarding the persons biographed, 
"drawn chiefly from sources unknown or inac- 
cessible to Wodrow." In this held of really use- 
ful antiquarianism, Mr. Lippe is obviously at 
home and has done excellent service. In taking 
up the work of this issue the New Spalding 
Club are at leasl fulfilling the intentions of their 
predecessors, and it will he generally agreed 
that they have done it well. 

In this connexion it may be noted that the 
fourth annual meeting of the Club was held yes- 
terday, under the presidency of the Marquis of 
Huntly. The Report adopted, barring an ab- 
normally high death rate among the members 
during the year, was encouraging, especially as 
to the various works now on hand and making 
satisfactory progress towards completion. Among 
these are (1) The Miscellany of the N. S. Club, 
Vol. I., including the Roll of Guild Burgesses of 
Aberdeen, 1631, extracted by Mr. A. M. 

Mum o, ami Inventories ol the extant ecclesias- 
tical records in the N.I"!, oj Scotland. 1 2) The 
Chartulary of the < 'hitrchoj St Nicholas, Vol. 1 1., 
edited by the Rev. James Cooper, together with 
a series of valuable appendices, all germane to 
the same subjec t. (3) The Book of Banff, by 
William Cramond, M.A., beim? a history of the 
burgh from the earliest recorded times. (4) 
The projected History of the Gordons has at 
length found a most appropriate editor in the 
person of the Noble Marquis of Huntly himself, 
of whose literary capacity for such a duty his 
lordship has given too many hostages for any 
one to doubt. (§) A History of tin- Progress of 
Natural Science in the North of Scotland has 
been undertaken by Dr. Trail, Prof, of liotany. 
(6) Principal Geddes is engaged on Selections 
front the Writings of Arthur Jojinston, illustra- 
tive of Northern History and Antiquities. (7) 
Vol. II. of the Fasti of Marischal College, by 
the accomplished Secretary of the Club, Mr. I*. 
J. Anderson, is proceeding. (8) By the regretted 
death of Mr. Burnett (Lyon) the projected fa- 
mily History of Harnett of Leys, etc ., has had 
to be taken up by another hand. En. 

77n' Bool: of Sundials, collected by Mrs ALFRED 
GATTY. Third and enlarged edition, edited 
by II. K. V. EDKN I nee Catty] and ELEANOR 
I .].< >\ 1 », with an Appendix on the Construction 

of Dials, by VV. Richardson. London : 
George Ucll & Sons, 1890. [«S -|- 33 + 578 
pp. <SC x 6% in.] 
A 1 Page 175, Vol. II., we noticed at some length, 
and with much approval, a former edition of 
this work. It is gratifying to the editors to find 
that already another edition has become a ne- 
cessity. The volume is large, ami embraces 
about 100 additional dials, with a few more illus- 
trations, all of which add 10 the enhancement <>f 
the subject. These are the days when collec- 
tions of all sorts are the vogue, but it strikes us 
that in the hook of Sundials we have one of the 
most legitimate manifestations of the fashion, 
and we venture to think that book collectors 
will appreciate this fact, and seek to add this 
volume to their stock. It appeals to a varied 
constituency the antiquary, the scientist, the' 
moralist, and the scholar. El >. 

A Historical Account if the Ancient Cut dees of 
Zona, and of their Settlements in Scotland, 
England, and Ireland, by John JAMIESON, 
D.D., F.K.S., F.A.S.E., Author of *An Ety- 
mological Dictionary of the Scottish Lan- 
guage, &C, &C, Popular Edition. Glasgow: 
Thomas I). Morison. 1890. [8 in. by 5^2 in., 
-57 pp.] 

; This important work was first published as a 
j quarto in 181 1, and has since been regarded as 
j one ot the stand. ud works on the subject, and 
I has tor Ion- been in the "scarce' and conse- 
quently mostly category of books. This deeply 
interesting but recondite subject, when treated 
by so disciplined a mind as that of the learned 
Dr. Jamicson, becomes positively fascinating 
and instructive and the publisher has been well 
advised to popularize subject-matter bearing so 
intimately on the religious life of Scotland in the 
issue of this reprint. The author brings wast 
stores of knowledge to the work, and whilst he 
may have been swayed to a certain extent by his 
own ecclesiastical bias, is on the whole very 
judicial, and sets forth the history, the rule, the 
character, the influence of the Culdees, who 
"had their da) and ceased to be," with his ac- 
customed ability. The original text has been 
reproduced in its integrity. The footnotes, 
mostly in Latin, have been omitted ; and if we 
were to make a single suggestion, it would be to 
the effect that the popular reader might have 
been compensated by an Index to the volume, 
which is, by the way, an Aberdeen print, and 
very legible. Ed. 

scorns 1 1 NOTES 

British Record Society 

Into which is amalgamated the Inukx Society, founded 1878 


5nDcvci3 nwb Calendars 

1 i.i.dstk A 'J [VE OF THE 



Tin.: Right Hon. KARL BEAUC 1 1 A M !', P.O. 

The Right Hon. Sim JAMES HANNEN, Knt., P.C. 
Aluerman Sir REGINALD II AN. SUM, Bart.,LL.I.)., L.S.A- 
The Hon. E. J. PHELPS, LL.D, 

The Right Hon. A. M. PORTER, Masterofihe Rolls, Ireland. 

The Society's issues appear in the INDEX LIBRARY, 
which is issued quarterly, 

Already completed or in progress:— 
Nor 'thampton and Rutland Wills, 11508-1652. 
Chancery Proceedings, temp. Charles 1., Royalist. 
Composition Papers; Signet Bills, 1584-1624. 
Berkshire Wills, 1508-1652; Lichfield Wills, 1510-1652. 
Sussex Wills, 1530-1652 ; Prerogative Wills of Canter- 
bury, ^83.1558. 


For Prospectus aud List of Publications, address the Hon 
Sec, W. P. W- Phillimore, M.A.B.CL., 124 Chancery 
Lane, London. 

161I1 Year of Publication. 

Salopian Sbrebs anb ipatcbcs. 

Notes on nu, Hhsrouy, ANfioui ties, a.m. Folk Lokr 


Reprinted, with additions, from 

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able in advance. Subscribers' names may be -received at any 
time for the current Volume (IX-), which commences lanuary 
1, 1889. 


London: Mitchell and HuoiiES, 140, Wakdouk St., W. 

Berkshire Notes and Queries, 

A Quarterly Journal devoted to the Family History, 
Jrx. Antiquities, and Topography of the Royal County, 
Part I., Vol. 1., published |uhe, 1890. Subscription 5/ per 
annum, post free, payable in advance. 

Contributions and Subscribers' names received by the Editor, 
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From the Brig a Balgownie and 
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) Illustrated. 
By JAMES DALGARNO, Cor. Mem. S.A. Scot. 



Edited by \V. 11. BERNARD SAUNDERS. 

A Quarterly Journal devoted to the Antiquities, Geology, 
Natural Features, Parochial Records, Family History, Legends 
and Traditions, Folk Lore, Curious Customs, &c, of the Fen- 
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Vol. IV.] No. 7. 

DECEMBER, 1890. 

/ Pkice yi. 

I Pem Post 3^d 


Notes : — 

Carved Oak Cupb 

Mary's Chapel, Ab 

A Picture Gallery for Aberdt 


Ecclesiastical Records of Nort'h-Easte: 

The Stuart Dynasty, 

Heraldic Printing 

Bibliography ol Dundee Periodical Literature... 

Heroic Gaelic Ballads, 

Notes on the Origin of the Name, Family, and At 

of Skene 

Notable Men and Women of Ayrshire 

Mi no 14 Notks:— 


Sculptured Tombstone at Essie, .. 

Queries :— 

The Battle of Cressy— Gusl 

of the Huntly Cordons K 

Moray— Lie— Forbe* of Th< 

lands — Seaton, 
Answhks :-- 

Adolphus - History 
ce of the Regent 
(lot don of Low- 

St. Ai 
Horn " 

a Pikestaff"—" Rebei a 
Gibbon, Novelist. Communication 
and Aberdeen— To Hell or Conna 
thendie- .Murder of Campb.dl of La 

;— " [Main a 
late Charlt 
11 I'eterheat 

I bordure — below which is Alexander Rvther- 
j ford, Provost. The date, 1606, doubtless 
j represents the year when the laird of Rubislaw 

had the wardrobe made and placed in the old 
I church of S. Nicholas. The particular use to 
j which these wardrobes were put is doubtful. This 
I one may have been in private use by the Pro- 
I vast as one of the elders of the church for hold- 
! ing his books, &c, or been gifted to the church 

for the puipose it is now put to, viz., to hold 
j the minister's gown. The Rutherford wardrobe 

measures 6 feet 9 in. in height, 3 feet in width, 
I and 1 foot 4 in. in depth. 

A. M. M. 


CARYKi) OAK Q I ' V lit )A U I >, S. MA UN'S 
CI lAl'EL, S. Ml llol AS CHURCH, . 
The subject chosen for the illustration this 
month is one of the two beautiful carved oak 
wardrobes standing in the vestry of the East 
Parish Church. This wardrobe lias already 
been referred to in dealing with the other carved 
work in S. Mary's Chapel (II., p. 9), and the 
interest centred round it is there explained. 
The upper of the two panels composing the 
door ot the wardrobe, contains the earliest pic* 
tonal representation of the city nuns, if we ex- 
cept the seal:-,, and differs in some essentials 
from the blazon now looked upon as the true 
representation of the amis. The leopards in 
the carving are both shown .is gardant ; in the 
blazon issued in 1674 along with the Patent one 
leopard is shown iu profile and the other -ai- 
dant, while the new blazon obtained in 
shows both supporters in profile. The towers 
are also different from those in the two blazons, 
the doorway being placed at the side of the 
towers. The lower panel contains the arms of 
Rutherford — three martlets in thief within a 

A 1 ' I CT U K E GALLE R Y F( ) R A B E R 1 ) EE N . 

Mr. Colin MORISON, (son of the Rev. Walter 
Morison, Minister of Deskford, 1731-80), .who 
died at Rome in 1810, left by will to the King's 
College of Aberdeen, " the most curious gallery 
" of pictures ever amassed by an individual, 
" consisting of more than three hundred speci- 
" mens, chiefly of the cabinet size, ot all the 
" great Italian masters, from the invention of 
" oil painting down to the perfection of the art 
"by Raphael. This precious collection was 
" seized by order of the French authorities, on 
u the death of Mr. Morison at Rome, in jSio, 
" under the pretext of its being -the property of 

t hen U\ ing in 
li difficulties an 
u in 1 ecovering 
" iiscated, had 
" the plunderer 
" the French < 

. I he .Senates ot the Lolle-e, 
iding with the Abbe Macdonald, 
he Roman Capital, finding many 

dreading considerable expense 
his legacy, (which, though con- 
ot been sold,) abandoned it to 

; and 1 have since learned that 
ommissary, in the year 181 4, 

l> ( onti ieed to appropriate it to himself, and to 
u remove it to Paris. Since poor [Professor 
u Thomas] Ogilvjc was gathered to his fathers, 
u no attempt has been made, so far as I know. 
" for tin- recovery of these lost treasures. Some 
" other men of U ai ning and taste in the Univer- 
" sity -Dr. Macpherson, the Rev. Dr. Forbes 
" the Professor of I Mvinity. ami Principal Jack- - 
" were, I believe, desirous 10 obtain them ; and 
" these gentlemen deserve credit for their inten- 
" lions, at least. Ian this kingly university is 
"but slenderly endowed; arid 1 suppose the 
" College funds would permit only a small dis- 



'' bursement for this laudable purpose, Yet I 
"have always thought that these inestimable 
" specimens of early art might have been pro- ', 
u cured by incur, of the banker Torlonia (now 
" Duke of Braeciano), a great friend of Mr. 
" M orison's, li is much to be lamented that a 
V collection of Italian painters, selected by one 
'* of the first connoisseurs in Europe, during a 
" residence in the Roman Capital of mere than 
" half-a-century, should have been thus lost. 
" Had Mr. M.'s magnificent bequest reached its 
" destination, Scotland could have boasted of 
"possessing treasures of art which can' never 
" again be equalled. It would have formed a 
" school of itself, and shown the rise and pro- 
" gress of painting from its earliest to its best 
ts days."— -^{Personal Memoirs, by Pryse Lock- 
hart Gordon. Lond : r 830. Vol. I., pp. 25-6), 
Where are these paintings now ? 

J'. [. Anderson. 

C U L L D E Ni 

( Continued from page ioj). 

A marsh protected the left of the line, while 
the right rested 011 a ravine, and reached to the 
walled enclosure ahead)- mentioned. Four guns 
were placed on each flank, and tour in the centre 
of the first line. Prince Charles took up his 
position between the first two lines, escorted by 
Lord Balmerino's Body Guard, and attended by 
Sir Thomas Sheridan, Colonel O'Sullivan, Mr. 
Murray of Broughton (32), Mr. Sheridan, Mr. 
Warren, A.D.C., Captain Macleod, A.D.C., Mr. 
Graham, A.D.C,, Eraser of Fairfield, who acted 
as Adjutant General, and Robert" Leith. Mr, 
Hay acted as Secretary when Broughton went 
to Inverness. 

Charles watched the enemy with anxiety, 
hoping they would first attack, but perceiving 
that the) remained firm, he burned with desire 
to advance. But a fatal dilia ulty had arisen with 
regard to precedence, the Macdonalds claiming 
the right of the line, which had been their post 
since the days of Robert Bruce. Lord George 
Murray declared that a change was impossible, 
but he was believed to have maintained this 
view out of favour to the Athole men. Prince 
Charles .attempted to pacify Clanranald (.33) and 
Glengarry (35;, and the pale, exhausted I hike of 
Perth, whose fiery energy was too much for his 
emaciated frame, frantically besought the com- 
plaining men to act as true Highlanders. Hut 
in vain they would not follow him, the)' would 
not follow Keppoch (34), and saw him, with 
Captain Roy Macdonald, shot down with un- 

The Duke of Cumberland, attended by Col. 
Robert Napier, the Adjutant General, Sir Eve. 

aid Faulkener, his private Secretary, and Dugald 
Campbell, chief Engineer, rode down the line 
with his A. I ).(_'. .->, and addressed a few words of 
encouragement to the troops who were going to 
fight for their King, their religion, and their li- 
berties. But if an\ felt disinclined to engage, 
he begged them to retire at (ana', as he wished 
to be supported only by willing men. The reply 
was given in loud cheers, and cries of " Flan- 
ders, Flanders," The Duke now took his posi- 
tion near the Royals, and sent Lord Bury to 
reconnoitre. Hut close to the troops his Lord- 
ship met a Highlander who had wandered across 
the field, and who, mistaking the*Aide-de-camp 
for the Commander-in-chief, fired at him but 
missed him. The adventurous man was at once 
shot down by the soldiers. 

A heavy shower of sleet came on at this mo- 
ment, which beat straight into the faces of the 
Highlanders and increased their impatience to 
attack. But Lord George Murray, though or- 
dered to advance, held fast, possibly in the hopes 
that the enemy would begin. A cannonade was 
opened on either side, and Colonel Belford's 
guns dul much execution, and a shot which was 
directed at the principal group killed one of 
Prince Charles' attendants, and made his horse 
so unmanageable that he had to change it for 

The Duke of Cumberland perceiving that the 
walled enclosure, the Park of Colwhiniac as it 
Was called, which lay between his left and the 
enemy's right, was a strategical point, directed 
the Argyll Highlanders and Lord Loudon's com- 
panies t<» move quietl\ round by the side of the 
river Nairn, so as to occupy it, while he con- 
tinued the artillery fire. Several small parties 
of Highlanders came towards the Royal line, 
firing pistols and taunting the soldiers, but no 
general move was made lor sometime. Lord 
George Murray, however, perceived the inten- 
tion ol the Argylls on Colwhiniac, and sent Cor- 
don ol Avochie with a strong body to oppose 
them. But the Campbells got there first, and 
pulled down the walls so as to admit the Royal 
cavalry, which came up at a sharp trot from the 
right, w hile Loudon's men kept up a (ire from 
behind the stones, checking the advance of the 
Gordons and oi Fitzjames' horse which followed. 
In the meanwhile the Highland arm)', galled by 
the artillery tire, was impatient 10 attack. land 
George Murray sent Ins Aide-de-Camp, Colonel 
Henry Kerr, to the Prince to ask if the line 
should advance, and received a reply in the 
affirmative. But seeing no prej arations to ad- 
vance on the left, Lord George deemed it neces- 
sary to wait for further orders. These were sent 
by an Aide-de-Camp, Maclachlan of Inchconnel, 
who was killed, and then by Lochichwho urged 

1 29 

Murray to commence the attack at once. Bui 
the Macintoshes and Macleans, who had been 
restrained with difficulty, had already broken 
loose, and were rushing forward in disorder. 
Lord George, in dismay, ordered the other re* 
giments to support this unauthorized move- 
ment, which was met by a heavy fire from tin' 
Scots Fusiliers in front, and a flank fire from 
the Argyll and Loudon Highlanders. Ne- 
vertheless the Athole and Cameron men ad- 
vanced in perfect order, and with a loud shptlt 
fell with Airy on the 4th and 371I1 regiments, 
who for a moment were overwhelmed by the 
shock and thrown into disorder. The Grenadier 
Company first met the onslaught, and its Cap- 
tain, Lord Robert Kerr (36), received the fore- 
most of the foe on his spontoon, but w hile thus 
encumbered he was lolled at one blow by Major 
Macbcan of Macintosh's regiment, who cleft his 
bead in twain, but was himsell killed. Captain 
Romer and Lieut. Edmunds were struck down, 
and numbers of the men fell on all .sides. Vet 
the old Tangerines did not give way, but sup- 
ported by Wolfe's and Ligonier's, who came to 
their assistance, re-formed and drove back the 
Highlanders, who, exhausted by the struggle, 
and unsupported, were compelled to retire, and 
nearly lost one of their chiefs, for Loehiel fell, 
and had it not been for his brother Archibald, 
who carried him away, would certainly have 
been killed. 

Lord George Murray had been throw n, luu 
recovering, ran back to bring-up reinforcements, 
which should have been at hand. For, in the 
meanwhile, the SUCCCSS of the Atholes and Ca- 
merons had also been p. nth' repeated by the 

Macleods and Chisholms, who had made an 
impression on the 14th. Iklt Bligh's and Semp- 
hill's immediately moved forward, and 'in a few 
minutes the whole of the front line of the Royal 
Army was restored, and commenced firing hea- 
vily on their retreating antagonists, who threw 
into disorder the tardy advance of their own 
second line. The Duke of Cumberland had 
transferred a part of his cavalry from the right 
to the left of his line, where they entered the 
park of Colwhiniae, the walls being thrown down 
by the Campbells, and then moved against the 
right flank of the Highland Army, whilst King- 
ston's horse arid Pulteney's regiment wen- or- 
dered by the Duke himself to advance. Capt. 
Stafford's (37) Company was soon halted, with 
directions to take charge of the prisoners, but 
the rest pu-Jied briskly on as the resistance gra- 
dually melted away. The Prince had seen with 
the utmost concern the defeat of his first attack, 
and thought another would retrieve the da)-. 
Lord George Murray pom ted out the disordered 
state of the regiments, now rapidly melting away, 

and declared it was impossible, but Charles per- 
sisted, till Sir Thomas Sheridan and his son, 
seizing hold of his horse led the Prince from the 
field. Lord Elcho, however, called on him to 
place himself nt the head of all that could be 
assembled, and make one desperate attack and 
conquer or die in the attempt, and when he saw 
him led away vowed that he would never see his 
face again. 

The Royal Cavalry advancing on both flanks 
had met in the centre .1^ the 1 1 ighlanders retired, 
some in confusion, while others, such as the 
Athole and Cameron men, preserved their form- 
ation. Ogi Ivy's reserve held their ground for a 
time, as well as the Irish piquet, who checked 
Kingston's horse. 

The Duke of Cumberland had watched the 
proceedings of the Highlanders with some sur- 
prise, and Hawley suspecting a ruse, from the 
passive state of the left, doubted the wisdom of. 
a too precipitate pursuit, but Albemarle pointed 
out that the enemy was really in full retreat, and 
the Duke gave the order to hi.-* troops to march. 
Ypung Moore (38), who carried the King's co- 
lours of Cholmondely's, was close behind the 
Staff w hen the order was given, and in his en- 
thusiasm waved his colour over Ins head, was 
answered by a loud cheer, and tin; order being 
given the whole line advanced steadily, the right 
bein^ -aided over the marsh by Robert Fraser, 
formerly Secretary to Lord Lovat. A party of 
dragoons who led the way were- supposed at first 
by the Highlanders to-be a portion of Fitzjames' 
horse, and Lord Kilmarnock was taken prisoner 
by them before he knew who they were. Strug- 
gling to escape be was neatly killed, had he not 
been saved by Lord Ancram, who sent him, 
bareheaded .1-. he was, under escort to the rear. 
As Lord Kilmarnock passed in front of the 
Royals a Lieutenant ran out, and taking his own 
cap oft' plat ed it on the prisoner's head. This 
was In-, son, Lord lioyd. 

Some of the fugitives surrendered at once, 
others showed fight. < me of the officers of the 
Royal Cavalry having ridden up to a straggling 
Highlander was shot by him. As he fell the 
man took his wan h from him, and quietly con- 
tinued his march to the tear. N timbers of men, 
attracted by the chance of witnessing a viciory 
or of securing plunder, came from Inverness, 
and failing in their first object, did their best to 
secure the second. These were sabred without 
mercy by the victorious Cavalry, who indeed 
seemed to have spared no 'one till they reached 
Milburn, a mile from the scene of action, 
when they were recalled by order of the 
Duke. The Royal troops were no doubt exas- 
perated with the enemy, who they looked upon 
as robbers and murderers, and the report that 

SCOT 7 IS// NOTES AND QUERIES. [December, 1890. 

an order had been issued by Prince Charles to 
his men to give no quarter, though untrue, was 
believed at the time, and increased the bitter- 
ness of feeling. In many cases the victors were 
unable to act with humanity even when they 
wished it. Take, for instance, the case of ( iolice 
Macbane, who refused to surrender, and, with 
his back against a wall, is said to have killed 
thirteen dragoons before they em hmi down, 
although the officers in vain tried to save his life. 

It cannot be denied, however, that the; victors 
were remorseless in the pursuit, for Hawley was 
not a man whoche( ked his men in their revenge, 
and Lieut.-Colonel Howard, Captain Caroline 
Scott, ami Major Lockhart have been mentioned 
as encouraging the troops to siamp out the 
rebellion. ■ 

A Lieutenant in Bedford's Regiment, George 
Burges, claims to have captured the Standard 
of the Prince's Body Guard in the retreat. Bur- 
ges was afterwards A..D.C. to Gen. Bland when 
Commander-in-Chief in Scotland. 

The Highland Army rapidly dispersed after 
the battle, the Freneh troops retiring to Inver- 
ness, which was surrendered on the following 
day by General Stapleton, when the town was 
taken possession of by Captain Campbell, after- 
wards Sir T, Campbell, Ardkinglass, and Ensign 
Massey (39), with a company of Grenadiers of 
Semphill's regiment. 

The loss of the Highlanders was probably 
about 1200 men. Lord Strathallan, Macgilli- 
vray of Drumnaglass (40), Nlaclachlan of Mac- 
lachlan, Maclean of Drimmin, Fraser of Inver- 
allachie, and many other persons of position, 
win- anmn;; the killed, while great numbers, 
both wounded ami untouched, were taken pri- 
soners at 01 soon attei the battle. 

The loss of the: Royal Army was as follows : 

K Hied. — Lieut. - Colonel Rich, Captain Lord 
Robert Kerr, Captain Grosette of Wolfe ? s, ("apt. 
Colin Campbell of Ballimore of Loudon's, and 
Captain Colin Campbell oJ Argyll's, and 50 non- 
commissioned officers and privates. 

J fW^/iv/'. ---Captain Romer, Lieut. Edmonds, 
Ensigns Campbell and Brown of Barrels', En- 
sign Bruce of Wolfe's. Lieutenant Simpson of 
Price's, Lieut. Trapand of lllign's, Capt, Kineer 
of the Royals,, Ljeuts, King, Lort, Ensigns Daly 
and Murdoch of Munroe's, Cant Spark of Ligo- 
nier's, Capt. Cartel" of IJattereau's, and 259 non- 
commissioned officers and men. 

The rejoicings consequent on the victory were 
very great among the: Royal party, and the Duke 
of Cumberland was welcomed back to London 
and laden w ith honours. A price was set upon 
the head of Prince Charles, who had gone to 
the Western Highlands, but although a reward 
of thirty thousand pounds was offered for his 

capture,, and although his hiding-place was well 
i known to many of the poorest of the people, the 
most distant idea of betraying him was never 
entertained. The cause of the Stuarts was en- 
tirely lost, and, after many romantic adventures, 
I Charles escaped and reached France in safety. 


I (Notices 0/ the men indicated by numbers next month. ) 


In 1887 the Church Records Committee of the 
New Spalding Club issued a circular w ith a view 
10 obtain accurate information as to the initial 
mid final dates of every exteint volume of Ec- 
clesiastical Records 1 within the Synods of Angus 
and M earns, Aberdeen, and Moray. In spite of 
unexpected difficulties, arising from the- discre- 
ditable lack of interest shown by some of the 
custodians of these records (parish ministers and 
session clerks), from the unwillingness of others 
to supply tkc details requested, and from the 
slipshod manner jn which too many of the returns 
actually received were executed the Inventory 
has been completed arid appears in the first 
volume of the Miscellany ol the Club. 

At tin: 1888 Meeting of the General Assembly 
of the Church of Scotland, a Committee was 
appointed to report upon the Records of the 
Church. This Committee .also issued a circular 
uniting, inter alia, a statement of the earliest 
date of tla- extant records of each Synod, Pres- 
bytery, and Kirk Session throughout Scotland ; 
a lid the results are embodied in two Reports 
presented to die Assemblies of 1889 and 1890. 
Krorn these it appears that, notwithstanding a 
renewed special appeal made in f'ebruary last, 
the Supreme" Court of tin- Church has found it 
impossible to extract any information whatsoever 
from no fewer than 286 parishes ! 

The manuscript returns actually received in 
Edinburgh from the three above-mentioned 
Synods, and their constituent Presbyteries and 
Sessions, were courteously placed at the dis- 
posal of the SecretaiN ol the N. S. Club, for 
collation with the details otherwise obtained by 
the Committee of the Club. Although the dates 
given in the returns to the Assembly were of 
course few in number compared with those 
supplied to the Club, the collation was not with- 
out value, espec ially as illustrating the extra- 
ordinary discrepancies that may occur between 
a return made by the minister of a parish and a 

» And of ev6ry blank tfiemn. 

-' The Commute* tuts been s«o ely tempted to print verbatim, 
for the amusement "I members >.t the- Club, specimens of the 
manner in which individuals, presumably intelligent, reply to 
clearly expressed queries. 

December 1890. 


return made by its session clerk ; or between 
returns by the minister or by the session clerk 
in 1888 and by the same individual in 1889. 

So far as the three Nortlveastern Synods are 
concerned, the printed Reports are a fairly 
accurate presentation of the manuscript returns 
made to the Assembly's Committee 3 ; but as an 
Inventory of the actually extant Ecclesiastical : 
Records, these Reports are almost worthless. 
Occasionally the minister or the session clerk 
describes certain volumes in his possession, 
ignoring others that happen to be temporarily! 
with! the Session clerk or the minister, or perhaps 
lent to some antiquarian researcher. Again, 
volumes are vaguely stated to be "in the 
Register House," and prove on investigation j 
to be unknown there. Still more frequently, \ 
early records, actually preserved in the Register 
1 louse, are not mentioned. IManks are some- 
times indicated, sometimes not. 

For full details enquirers must be referred to 
the N. -S. C. Miscellany, where 150 quarto pages j 
are devoted to the Inventory; but it has been 
thought desirable to put on record in S.JV.&*Q. a j 
list of the more glaring errors and omissions in the 
G. A. Reports, 1 which will probably come into 
the hands ot many to whom the Club volume j 
may be inaccessible. The general reader, and , 
even an occasional parish clergyman, may be j 
interested to learn in how main' cases the ex- | 
tant records of our churches are so much older 
than the Assembly Reports would lead one to ■ 
believe. [ 

To reduce the. h-u of errata within manageable 1 
limits, 11 has hern found no essarj to omit all 
mention of : 

(1) Errors in date of two or three years only, j 

(2) Errors in u No. of vols." 

(3) Neglect to note blank-,. 

Errata in Okn. Asskmim.y Reports. 
PKESBYT«KY QV Mu e, [.)•.. 

Airlic. — For li 1 847 — " read " 10S2--" 
Alytk. — ¥ox 1669-—" icad " 1 G37 — 

" Blank 1083-17 


are extant (or 1080 1730. 
BcnJochy. — -For " 1849 — " read " 1692 — " 
Blair^owrir. —Mo entry. Read 1702 — " 
Kcltins. - For " 1682 — read " 1618 -— *' 
h't'tijoMrui/i. F< »r " 1802 ■" read " 1 7 56 — " 
A A-/ "A: -For "1851 - " read '• 1727 
Ritthvcn. - For " 18.! j — " read " 17.14 — " 
PRESBYTERY Of F< >uic\k. - - ■ l''or " 10 vols. 1 -,1 M 
1717 - , ' read "ll vol.-,. 29th Oct., 1662 ; 
Dunfcickm. »For ■* 1771 read " 1777 — " 

3 1 hough we can ii.rT.v excuse »u< h ljlunilc .-> a-, attributing 
(he return Hum I'caru, Rosa »hj e, to Ferii, l< '■ n fur shii e ; or lak- 

carlLlt , cvcn'w'hc.'.' the '«essllm rk l.'L a Tu outled 'lumself 
to ciiuuitratc his reeokla in their chruuulo^ii .J aider. 

4 The portion afleciiug the thice N . L. Syiioels. 

Forfar, -No entry. Read " 1693 — " 
Glamis.-—¥a\ " 1 7 . 9 -" read " 1084 — " 
h'inneltles. — No entry. Read 
1'ki- -niviT.K v of Dundee. 
Abernyte.- -For " 1820 — " read " 1654 — " 
Audit erhoiise. l'oi " 1655 77" read " 1045-98,010." 
Inchture. —For " 1771 — " read " 1623 — " 
A'itinaird.- blank, 1683-1S35." Not so; minutes 

for these year-, are extant. 
Liffand IJ&Hvie.* - No entry. Read " 1650 — '' 
Lundie and Fowliu-^Vot " 1085 — " read '* 1 666 -" 

"Blank, 1698- 1 736." Not so: minutes for 

I 700- 3(1 are extant. 
Mains ami iytvathmartine. — For "1711 — " read 

" ^35 r". 

Monijicth. -,-1'or " 1676 — " read " 1562 — " 

Tealingf. For " 1843 — " * ea d " 1599 — " 

T-he early volumes of Monifielh and Tealing 
here ignored in the Assembly's Report, the 
first volume of die St. Nicholas Records (also 
ignored), and the two first volumes ol the Elgin 
Records, are the only extant sixteenth century 
Kirl. Session Minutes within the three Synods. 

bum — " Blank, 1672-1757." Not so: minutes are 
extant for 1702-51;. 

Edzell. For " 1707 - •" read " 1641 — " 

Fame 11. — F01 "1751 — " read " 1716 — " 
Fern. 1771-1888. Illanks-— 1799- 1802, I &°3-6> 
1843-70." This i-, the return from the Session 
of Feam in the Presbytery of Tain ! The 
Kirk Session Minnies of Fern in the Presby- 
tery ol Drechin date from 1739. 
LochlcCi — For " 1840 — read " 1730 — 
Mniniuii-. - Vox " 1762 -•" read " 1701 — " 
Montrose — "Blank, .1652-86." Not so: a tran- 
script is extant ot' the portion to 1671. 

PresuY i i-.kv of Arbroath. 
A rift-lot,- -For " 1709- -" read " 1652 — " 
Arbmath. For " [669—-" read " 1653 -—" 
Itiverkcitor. For M 1774 - u read " 1739 -." The 
year 1 77-t happens to he mentioned on the 
title page ot the earliest vol. 
Kiihd:>i.- -For " 1735 -" read " 1650 — " 
Panbride. - "Certain Ki ts irds 1 75 1 - 1842 with Regis- 
trar General." Not so j vol. 1829-42 with 
Kirk Session. 

Presbytery of Forupun — For ":ro vols. 1700 — " 

read " 12 vols. 1662 — " 
Arbuthnott. ■'• Jilauk, 17.13-48." Not so: die 

portion from 1 7 ' S i -1 exlarit. 
J-icn'ii. -For " 1720 - " read k * 1657 — " 
bifmwtlar. For " 17-14 - ;; read " 1689 — " 
J*tfte>rairU. - Kot " 1676 ■ " read " 1669 — " 
Kimteff and Cttterliite. — tFor " 1733 — " read 

" 1663 --" 

St. CyrtlSi— For 1781 — " read " 1696 — " 

Presbytery of AbfiRDeemi 

.SV. NifAoliis Gencra.4 Kirk Sessioti, The series of 

Minnie hooks iirom 1502, in 48 volumes), 
and Accounts (from m>oj. in 59 volumes), 
one of the most inn resting series among all 
the Records of the Kirk, is wholly ignored ! 



Finttay. —The full stop alter 1795 makes it appear 
thai the period [744-1795 is blank, and that 
all the Minutes are on louse leaves, neither 
ol which is the ca>e. 

A'inndlar. Blank, 1661-1732." No'tso: minutes 

fur 1077 to 173- are extant. 
New Machar. — Volumes for 1717-sj, and 175.3-77 

are extant in the Kirk Session's hands, hut 

according to the Report the)' are "said to 

have been lost early in century when Session 

clerk's house burned down." 
Presbytery <>k Kincardine O'Neil. 

Banchory Tenian.- - Kor " 1609 - -" read " 1077 — 
Edit. — Kor " 1066 --" read " 1C48 
Kincardine O'JVei'l. —No entry. Read >l 1710--'' 
Logie Coldstone. Yux ''1722 — " read "1717 -" 

"Blank, 172783." Not so: minutes from 

1748 are extant. 
Miilmar.~~ -For '**'■ 1837 -" read " 1 768 — " "Blank 

1838-47." Not so. 
St radian. — For " 1823 — " read " I 704 — " 
Tarland and Migvie.-~Fot " *799 — " ,ca( l 

" 1755 

Presbyteuy of Al.KORO. 

Cabradi . —For " '7,31 — " read " 1/22 --" 
Ghnbucket. — For " 1777 — " read " 1734 — " 
h'ennc.thinont -Vox " 1768 — " read " 1 7.40 — " 
Tough, — For " 1845 — " read " 1706 
TttilyftcssU and Forbes. ~Tox "1763—" read 

Preshytery of Gariocii. 

Inverurie. -- Kor " 1049 — " read " 1621 

Keith hall. — For " 1709 " read " 1697 — " 

Monynntsk. — " Blank, 1730-72." Not so : minutes 

I 730-66 are extant. 
Oytte.— 1 * 1688-1841, supposed to he with Registrar 

t icncrrtl. " Ha 1 il is not . 
P'RKSBY I'EKY < >K I'.l.l ON', 
Logic Buchan. — F01 "1817 *' read " 1686 . " 

Four earl) volumes in the kirk .session's 

hands are here ignored ! 

Presbytery of I >eer. 

Lonmfty. -—*•*• Blank; [831-45." Nbl so: inmates 
are extant from 1 8.| 1 . 

Old Deer.. . -No entry.' Read " 1725 •-" 

/7A>7/^>. •-•-" Blank, 1675. 17.13." ' presume this 

should read " 1675 , 743'" Uul the minutes 

lor 1720-43 are extant. 
Rat hen. — " Blank, 1770-1800." Not so: these 

minutes are extant. 
Strieheh. — No entry. Bead "1662 
Presbytery of Tuk rife. 
l)ri()/tl'i'adt\ -Yu\- " 1730--" read " 1743 -" 
Fyvie. — For " Blank, 1N43-87," read " 1843-67." 

■' Bart with Registrar General." Not so. 
fCing Edward. —Yin- " 1744 — " read " 1704 — " 

Presbytery 01* Fordyck. 

Banff. Y^\ " 1742 — " read " 1663 ." For 

" Blank, 1773-84," read " 1727-84." 
Pesh/ord.- -lot " Blank, 1 701 -34," read " 1720-3.4," 
Rttthvett. I' or " 1716 " read " 17:0 
PRESBY I K k V ()!■' St K A I 11 110(11 E, 

Cairney. —Far " 1724-1844," read 11 172.) 10 date." 
Gartly.- Yox " 1847 — " read " 1725 — " 

I llunllv. For "1692---" read " 1683 -" 

B0J1 ir/u.- "Blank, 1783-1800." Occasional minutes 

extant for 1783-88. 
Rothes. ■■ - M inutes ol Duruhircas (united to Rothes) 
liom 1698, not mentioned. 

CroJiidalc— Kor " 1803 — " read 1 702 •— " 
Rothiemurclvus.- "Old vol. with Registrar General." 
Not so. 

Birnie. — " l8lO." I presume this means " 1810 

to date," hut minutes of 1737 -- are extant. 
St. sJudrews-jLhatibryd.—bioexiixy. Read " 1701 — " 
1'rks ;v i'ery oi Forres. 

Dallas. -Kor " 1749 — " read " I 745 — " 
Dyke- -Kor " 1063 -" read " 1 647 — " 
Forres. — " Blank, 1740-43." Scroll minutes are 
Presbyi ery of Nairn. 
Ardclach. — No entry. Read "1648 — " 
Cawdor.— fox " 1719 — " read " 171 5 — " 
Nairn. — No entry. Read " 1815 — ' 

I ' R RS BY'I E R Y » 1 1'' 1 N V li K N ESS. 

Da-viol.— Portion with Registrar General." Not 


No entry. Read " 1820 — 

, 17" 

Not so : the vol. 

is extant in the Kirk Session s hands. 

Kiltarlity. — No entry. See curious statement By 

Session Clerk. N. S. C. Miscellany. 
Drt/itl/art.~-Xo entry. Read " 181 1 — " 
Ii will thus be seen that (even not taking into 
! account the classes of mistakes above indicated) 
1 of ilii- 227 quoad civilia parishes falling within 
1 the scope ol the N. S. Club's enquiry, 93 have 
I their records wrungl) described in the General 
Assembly Reports. A simple stun in Rule of 
j Three \\ ill give the probable number of errata in 
I tin- entries lor the 1324 parishes of the Kirk. 
! Readers of S. A'. (A, aware of the existence 
j of Session Records in the hands of other than 
. their proper custodians, w ill confer a favour by 
1 communicating with the Secretary of the N. S. 
I Club. 

b. f. Anderson. 
*•* • — 

\ Mr. Carrie tells me, "There is, fortunately, 
i no question of disloyalty in this country." In 
; tin- Pall M>tl! Budget for September 11, 1890, 
! there is a full report of " a stirring speech by 
1 Mr. Andrew Carnegie, -the famous Iron King 
\ and millionaire of Pittsburg," delivered Before 
j "a big audience" at Dundee ; with portrait and 
autograph. I copy: 11 When J speak against 
\ the Royal Family t I <it> not condescend to speak 
j against Vie creatures who form the Royal 
\ Family. (Laughter)." . . .* " The lust thing 
j vou would ilt> would be to commit any serious 
I business to men who are only able to lead in the 

December, 1890.] SCOTTISH NOTES 

mad, extravagant race of fashion. ( Loud 
cheers)''' ..." This funny little monarchy f 
Oh, oh, how absurd ! ( [daughter)? .... 
"Monarchy is t<>o small a tail to wag so big a 
dog. (Roars of laughter)!'' ..." You know 
how to get rid of monarchy : Brazil has taught 
you. . . . May Queen Victoria long live, 
because she is a good and pure woman. May 
she live so long that the democracy of this 

country the people of my native land will 

resolve that when she passes away they must be 
consulted as l<> her successor. ( Cheers again and 
again renewed 

1 invite your readers to compare the above 
extracts with Mr. Carrie's words which follow 
those I quoted at first. If lie considers that it is 
all right, and that 1 am wrong in deprecating 
any further reasons for questioning the Prince 
of Wales's right to reign- -well, we must differ. 

2. By " vulgarise" J mean "render of common 
knowledge," as we say il the vulgar tongue," not 
meaning to belittle it thereby. • 

3. 1 carefully avoided saying the Scottish 
crown was ever in the least nominative; Mr. 
C.'s disproof is therefore otiose. 

4. He admits that Willi. on I. was entitled as 
St. Edward's nominee. lie knows, of course, 
that 'conquer. mt' means merely 'an heir out of 
the direct line,' such as James VI. 

5. King fames succeeded, partly as heir of 
line of Henry VII., parti)' as nominee of the 
lawful queen, Elizabeth. 

6. Did Mr. C. ever hear of " Moriamur pro 
rige nostro Maria Teus.t"? from whom the 
present Lorraine Kaisers inherit both the arch 
duchy of Austria and the kingdom of Hungary? 
or am 1 wrong in thinking that the Emperor 
adopted his nephew on the death of his son ? 

7. Most undoubtedly, the usual view is thai 
the Vicarial coinage claimed our Crown; 1 
suggest that the true inference is the contrary ; 
that a simple assertion of sovereignty would 
have been to copy, mutatis mutandis, the 
British coinage of the day. In the charters 
given by John Ballipl to his vassals in France, ! 
after the settlement of Bruce on the throne, he I 
styles himself " John, King of Scots," &c, with - j 
out any qualifying words • i.e.. he does not j 
abdicate. Henry Stuart's money simply equals ' 
"He who would hayt been" &e. (By the way 

I expected to be pulled up, about " M. B. & H." ; 
would it not be " A : S : Y : II:"?) 

8. Strangely, Mr. C. says I say the Cardinal 
was " necessitated to accept," whereas J assert! 
his acknowledgment of King George as our sove- 
reign from the very fa< t that he was net neces- 
sitated ! Then lie inveighs against the I'rince 
for doing so. "No case abuse plaintiff's 


9. The money undoubtedly shows that the 
Cardinal asserted himself as heir male of the 
family, because (a) it is inconceivable that 
lawful issue of his brother's marriage should 
have been concealed from him, the next heir, 
and a priest, officially adept in keeping secrets ; 
( l> ) if he had known of it, he would have com- 
mitted a heinous fraud on his nephew by calling 
himself" Rex" in any sense ; ( c) he was evidently 
embarrassed by being obliged to describe him- 
self on the oiio ; had he known his brother had 
lawful issue, it would have been a relief to put 
"Hen. Card. Ep. Tuscul.," adding, or not, 
" Dux Ebor." 

10. 1 know that the authors of " Yestiarium 
Scoticum " w ere allowed precedence over dukes 
at dinner by (1 think; Lord Lovat : 1 can only 
say that 1 think this was a very great calumny 
against the Cardinal. As to the title "Count 
d'Albanic," 1 remember calling on my father-in- 
law (some years before 1 was married; who said 
" Ten minutes sooner, you would have met 
Count d'Albanie." 1 asked who conferred that 
title, and 1 think it was either the Pope or the 
Emperor of' Austria, It no more proves legiti- 
macy than does the Earldom of Munster. No 
one in England would hesitate to acknowledge 
any foreign title in common parlance, especially 
if given to a foreigner, which, I believe, " the 
Stuart Princes " were. 

11. "Even if the Cardinal knew positively 
that there was a legitimate son of his brother 
alive at the tune, he could not have declared it, 
for that son was in partibus, and could not have 
occupied." 1 beg Mr. Carrie to gratify my 
curiosity by explaining this. 1>: partibus means 
"titular;" perhaps Mr. C. means it to mean 
" abroad : " w ell, the Cardinal himself was in both 
those predicaments, yet he did declare- - not 
"it" but that he was himself the heir. What, 
then, prevented 11. E. from declaring ? Again, 
"could not have occupied"- -what? the throne? 
But I'rince C. E. found in 1746 that he could 
not " occupy," even as Regent. 

12. Mr. C. then goes on to say that a child 
" in partibus" is exactly the same as a child 
unborn ; yet he clearly does not think in partibus 
means " en \ entre de .^a mere," as the legists say, 
because he premised "son alive at the time." 

13. It is quite new to me that anyone was 
unea*) about a possible posthumous child of our 
lasyflking : 1 imagine that the Ministers would 
nowhave proclaimed our present gracious Mo- 
narch, unless the) had known, on the authority 
of Their Majesties, that there was not even a 
•possibility of issue. Anyhow, the Stuart case is 
quite different. 

14. The Duke of Clarence and Avondale 
should always be so styled, because the Cjueen 



[ I >ECEMBER, J 890. 

has signified her wish to lliat effect, and the 
thing is feasible and proper in itself. Mr. C. I 
seems quite ignorant of the fact, that, when a •; 
peer has two titles of equal grade, and they his ! 
highest, he signs by both : as " Richmond and 
Gordon," " Mar and Kellie." 

A. P. Skknk. 

In spite of Mr. Cough Nichols, "I will stick t<> 
my old mumpsimiiSy as the priest said when he 
was shown that in, in his missal, was a misprint 
for s. 1 won't have my wolves' heads Frenchified 
into " heads of wolf." Tin.- apostrophic posses- 
sive is not obligatory : if, therefore, any one 
choose to use the other, saying "heads of"- he 
must either s;iy con ectly u wolves, " or in< orrectly 
"wolf," and "head.-, of wolves" equals k * wolves' 
heads. 1 ' In Latin " tria capita lupi " would in; 
inadmissible (unless we spoke of Cerberus !). 
In " tctcs de loup," "dc loup," becomes an ad- 
jective, equal to lupina, as "ox-palates :" here 
"ox" is an adjective; we might say "wolf- 
heads, as we do say poppy-heads ; but we don't, 
any more than we say "a wood-spoon," or *' a 
golden watch." Custom is half the battle in 
grammar. A. P. SKEN K. 


( Continued from /\i-c //.?}. 
1883. The Quarterly Record of the Dundee 
Christian Protestant Association. Edited by 
Archibald H. Rae. Size, 7 b) 5. Price two- 
pence. Printed bj R, S. Barrio, Panmure St., 
Dundee. On the title was a woodcut represent- 
ing a rock, on winch were plated an open and 
closed bible, .1 cup, a plate and bread ; in a half 
circle are the words, "The [ust shall live 
by Faith," and on the rock are the words, 
" Search the Scriptures," " In things essentia] 
Unity. I n things non-essoni ial 1 Liberty. In all 
things— Charity." " For God and my neigh- 
bour." The Dundee. Christian Protestant Asso- 
ciation was inaugurated on the loth Now, 1883. 
The President, was the Rev. F. ( \. Widdows, ex- 
monk, and Mr. James Wright, Secretary. The 
term of membership was one shilling annually, 
and their office was at No. 2 Lain Square, Cow- 
gate, Dundee. The first form ol the Quarterly,' 
bearing the motto; " Lor Cod and my neigh- 
bour," consisted of four pages 11 by 9, but in the 
Queen's Jubilee Year of [887, they started 1 lien- 
new publication under the n one of the Quarterly 
Record, edited by the secretary, Mr. A. H. Uae ; 
and in this new number the following notice ap- 
peared 4 In resolving to issue a Quarterly 
Record, the lady collectors and committee • the | 

• Dundee Christian Protestant Association J trust 
to meet with the approval and support of the 
members, and also those who believe in Refor- 
mation principles, We entertain no bad feelings 
against members of the Roman Catholic Church, 
far from it, at the same lime we most emphati- 
cally condemn popery a-> anti-christian in its 
doctrines, and an organization that has caused 
more innocent blood to be shed than any other 
system claiming to be christian." The spring 
number of 1888 was the last part issued. 

1883. The Unitarian Christian Magazine. 
"This is life eternal that they might know Thee, 
the only true ( lod, and Jesus Christ, whom '1 hou 
hast sent.' foh'n xvii. 3. Edited by Henry 
Williamson, Dundee. No. L, Vol. [,, 188 pages, 
post 8vq. Printed by William Kidd, at the 
University College Warehouse, 112 Nethergate, 
Dundee, for the Rev. Henry Williamson, Uni- 
tarian Christian Church, Constitution Road, 
Dundee. London: for sale at the Christian 
Life Publishing Go/s Office, 281 Strand, and at 
1 86 Fleet Street, for the trade. This magazine 
was started in June, and the first volume was 
made up of the numbers issued for June, 1883, 
to May, 1884. Vol. II., June, 1884, to January, 
1885. Old Series, and the New Series, February 
to May, 1885, 188 pages. Mr. Williamson, 
who in 1872 edited The Unitarian and Uni- 
%>ersalist Missionary, a monthly magazine, 
which continued for fourteen months, made an- 
other venture in 1883, with the above magazine, 
in his introduction says: "In offering to the 
public a new magazine we have to say, that our 
aim is to promote a knowledge of Christianity 
in its original simpl'n ity, and to insist that in the 
recognised life ami doctrine of Jesus we have all 
that is necessary to instruct us in the most im- 
portant principles of religion and morals. We 
believe that, by setting aside the additions and 
corruptions whi< h in the c< nirse of ages have be- 
come identified with Christianity, we cm adopt 
the rational and natural teachings of Jesus to 
form a foundation for the religious life, both in- 
dividual and social, in accordance with the Fa- 
therhood of God and the Brotherhood of man, 
and tins is the aim of those Christians called 
U nitarians." 

1883. 'The Free Lance, or the Election Journal 
for the Burgh of Dundee. No. 1, Tuesday, No- 
vember 6th, 1883. Price one penny. Bight 
pages fnot registered tor transmission abroad.) 
Primed by James P. Mathew\ Co., 17 Cowgate, 
Dundee, for the proprietors. Only one number 
of this municipal election publication ever ap- 
peared. It was issued at the time of the Novem- 
ber election, and was not continued beyond that 
contest, rhe candidates who contested the va- 
rious wards are commented upon, parodies and 



original poems on the elections of that year 
make up the larger portion of the Journal- 

1883. University College, Dundee. 
Catemiitr for the First Session, 1883-84. Dun- 
dee: printed by fohn Leng & Co., Bank Street, 
1883. The first number of the Calendar was a 
thin pamphlet of 57 pages, but the annual issue 
has gradually increased until it is now .1 volume 
of from three to lour hundred pages, po'st 8vo 
The foundation of the University College, Dun- 
dee, may be said to be one of the results of that 
movement for the extension ol a liberal educa- 
tion, and the advancement of technical instruc- 
tion, Which has made sw h rapid progress within 
the last fourteen or fifteen years. 11 As early as 
Decembe'r, rS74i Dr. John Baxter submitted for 
the consideration of the Magistrates and Town 
Council a comprehensive schema, showing how 
a college migl it be started in Dundee, with six 
professorships, at a cost of £t 50,000, and how 
the necessary development might afterwards be 
secured at a cost of /,75,ooo more. The scheme 
was variously canvassed, though, for several 
reasons, it ultimately fell to the ground. The 
munificence of M iss Baxter of Balgavics enabled 
Dr. Baxter, six years later, to revive the essen- 
tial features of the scheme, this tune with greater 
success. At a meeting of the Directors of the 
High School, on 22nd December, 1880, Dr. 
Baxter announced he was empowered to offer 
the sum of /, 1 20,000 as a subscription towards 
the institution of a College in Dundee, which 
should have the same aims as the Owen's Col- 
lege 1 , Manchester. This sum was afterwards in- 
creased to £146,000 b) Dr. Baxter's own con, 
trttoution of /^io,oool and by a further subs< up- 
turn of / 10,000 from Miss Baxter. < )l the sum 
total /, 100,000 has been appropriated as a per- 
manent endowment fund, and the balance has 
been expended on the purchase and adaptation 
of properties in a Central part of the town. In 
[anuary, 1883, Miss Baxter intimated to the 
(. Council her willingness to provide £ 10,000 more 
for die purpose of erecting a new Chemical Labo- 
ratory, and furnishing it with the necessary 
fittings and apparatus, which has since been 
done. 1 ' The ( alemiar contains the constitution 
of the College, names of trustees, governors., 
council, professors, and lecturers, together with 
an account of the- various Scholarships in con- 
nection with the College, .old a syllabus of the 
curriculum. As the College i>s now affiliated, 
students are eligible for the science degrees in 
the Universities oi Si. Andrews and Edinburgh. 
The Secretary's office was opened for registra- 
tion on Friday, 5th October, and three days 
later the first session of the College comment ed, 
on 8th October, 1883. 
1883. Our Monthly Record. St. Paul's, C; tle- 

hill. See ;.St. Paul's) The Church Magazine^ 

! 18S4. Smith.. Hi'oii, el-- Co.'s 1SS4 Almanac. 
Printed by Young & Luke, Commercial and 
General Printers, 115 Murraygate, Dundee. 
' Size, post 8vo. Dues the canons committees 
: of the Town Councils of Dundee and Montrose, 
with other miscellaneous notes. This was a 
continuation of the Dundee Almanac. 
1884. The Scottish Fancier: A Monthly 
' Journal devoted to the Breeding, Management, 
! and Exhibition of Dogs, Poultry, Pigeons, Cage 
I Birds, and Pet Stock. No. 1, Vol. I., Jan., 1884. 
j Price one penny. 1.2 pages and cover. Size, 
I ' 1 .D by' 9. Printed and published for the pro- 
j prietors l>y James I'. Mathew & Co., 17 Cow- 
gate, Dundee. November, 1884, Special Show 
I Number, price threepence, (Dundee Dog and 
1 Cat Show). No. [3, Jan., 1805, Monthly, price 
I fourpem e. Title, The Scottish Fancier and 
Rwal Gasette,etc t} 28 pages, blucish gray covers. 
No. 25, January, 1 886, price twopence, iG pages. 
No. 34, 1st October, [886, price one penny, fort- 
nightly. No. 50, 15th October, 1887, weekly. 
This was a monthlj journal, but during the sea- 
son it was issued fortnightly, and at exhibition 
times once a week. Tin.' price varied according 
I to the size of the number, from one penny to 
! tourpence. Tin- Scottish Fancier was founded 
1 fn January, 1884, by D. |. Thomson Cray, 
I w ho is also the Editor, a J ute-Export Merchant 
: in Dundee* w ho, previous to this, had established 
I tor himsell a reputation as a writer on canine 
I matters in the London journals, under the now 
\ de plume of " Whinstoive." Being recognised 
I as one of the best judges of Scottish dogs he 
I often officiate . in that capacity at the leading 
j exhibitions in England ami Scotland. This 
[ circumstance has brought him into contact w ith 
I all the leading authorities in the dog breeding 
I and pigeon fancy. Through his influence many 
interesting papers are to be found in the early 
numbers of the Scottish Fancier from the pens 
of Mich well-known writers as Hugh Dalziel, 
author of British ih'gsj Vero Shaw, author of 
j i'hJ Hook o) the Dog; \Y. J. Nichols, Editor of 
! the Stock-Jteeper,' the late James Huie, vvhocon- 
tributed -wane papers on pigeons and song-birds ; 
and Mr. Ceorgc U re. author of Our Fancy 
Pigeons^ and Ram^ting Note's of a Naturalist. 
j Man\ of the articles on "Song lords'' first ap- 
peared in the Scottish Fancier. The paper 
j enjoys a wide< irculation in this country ami also 
; ia America, the sporting press of the latter often 
quoting from its pages. 

1884. The Dundee Diary and A ii C Time 
Table {ox Railway, Steamer, and Car. Priceone 
penny. Luke. MLackic >\: Co.. 115 Murraygate. 
Size, 4 '.(. by 2 ; 4 . This wasthe first A I> C Time 

i 3 6 

Ttibie §ver issued in Dundee, and it contained 
tables of the through trains similar to the ordi- 
nary Time Tables. The Edinburgh Life Assur- 
ance Company published for a considerable time 
A M'onth'y P'&cktt Diary, along with which was 
incorporated the above A B C Time Table. Is- 
sued for about three years. 

1384. The Dundee Young Women's Christian 
Association Montltlv. Price one penny. Al- 
though the centre of this publication is printed 
in London, several pages are devoted to the 
work of the Young Women's Christian Associa- 
tion in Dundee, who have branches in Broughty 
Ferry, Lochee, Enrol, and Invergfowrie. It has 
a circulation of over 1000 monthly. The deve- 
lopment of this Association within the past few 
years lias been so great, that it was found ne- 
cessary to have larger premises than those which 
the)' occupied in Bank Street. By the aid ol a 
few ladies and gentlemen interested in the work 
a suitable building was found, and a hall was 
erected, capable of seating 500 people. The 
premises -which cost about ,£4000 — were opened 
on Friday, 21st September, 1888, free of debt. 

Alexander C. Lamb. 

(To In con tinned. ) 



Sources -MacNicol's Collection about 1755; 
1 -nnedCs about 1774. Gillies (Perth), 1786, 
aiu' titers. An Irish version is in Miss Brooke's 
histi Bards, 1780 This ballad seems to he one 
of the originals on which Macpherson founded 
his epic of " Fingal." 

1. Ossiaii- () Clerk 1 , thai singeSI the psalms, to my 

mind rude is your judgment, will you not listen 
a little while id a tale of the Fiann 2 whom you 
never saw ? 

2. The. Cleric -On my word, (J mid of Finn 3 , al- 

though you think it sweet to recall the Fiann, my 
music is tin- sound of the psalms upon my lips. 

3. Oss. [I you compare your psalms to the Fiann 

of lain of the naked weapons, Clerk, it 
would he right ill with me if 1 did not strike 
your head from your tx idy, 

4. Cler.— \ am under thy protection, () great man.; 

sweet to me are the songs of thy mouth. 1 -ft 
us inise an ahai to Finn'; it would he sweet 
to mr to recall the 1 iann. 

5. Oss.— If you, gentle Clerk, had been on the shore 

10 the south-west, at the waterfall of Livri 4 of 
the smooth streams, great would be your esteem 
for the Kiann. 

Si. Patrick is meant. One version has, " Patrick," and 
nnedy < .ills him " Peter MacAlpiri." 
The Fiann are die followers of Finn. 
Pronounce Fee*. 
4 Otherwise li die water of Laoire." 

6. Blessings on tin.- soul of the hero that was of 

fiercest rage in every conflict, Finn mac Cum- 
hail*, chiel of the peoples, fr(<m whom the 
cataract is named . 

7. ( )ne ilay when we were hunting the deer, and the 

chase did not come oar way, ten thousand 
harks were seen on the shore coming over the 

S. We Stootl all upon the plain, and the Fiann 
gathered from every side. Sevt n battalions 
quickly gathered round the son of Taoig*s 

9. The fleet came to the land, a troop that we liked 
not ; many Were the silken tents that were 
raised above their heads. 

10. We brought our footmen from the wood, and put 

on them the arms ol war ; two spears on the 
shoulder of each great nun, an 1 we started 
for the shore. 7 

11. Mac Cumhail spoke to the Fiann, " Do you 

know who tlu: people are, or do you know who 
the fierce band is, thai will cause us hard light- 
ing and harm ?"' 

12. Then it was thai Conan spoke', "Whom would 

you like, <) King, to he there? Whom would 
you expect to he there, Finn of the names, 
hut a prince or king ?" 

1 3. l> Whom shall we get among our Fiann that will 

go to bring a report 8 from the people, and 
bring it to us without concealment ; judgment 
and honour shall he his reward." 

14. Then Conan spoke again, '' Whom would you 

wish, () King, to go-but the truly wise Fergus 
thy son, since he is used to go to meet them." 
! 15. '" Take my curse, bald Conan." said Fergus of 
fairest form. " I shall go to bring a report 
io the Fiann, btti no! on account ol your 

10. The martial young Fergus went on the way to 
meet the nun, and asked with mild address, 
" Who are this people that come over the 

I 17. ''bloody, hardy, hospitable Mantis", son of the 
King of Bey of die red shields, high King of 
L01 hla.nn"', chiel of heroes, the youth ol great 
fierct ness and rage." 

I 18. " What has brought the fierce band from the 
kingdom of Lochlann of ancient weapons? Is 
it to increase the Fiann I hat your chief has 
come ovc r the sea ? ' 

1 10. "Un thy hand, hospitable Fergus, though 
great is thy estimation of the fiann, we will 
not receive tribute unless we gel bran", and 
take binn's wife from him. ' 

j •'' Pronounce ( u tit. 

''This verse varies in die different versions ; Finn's mother 
! was Muireun Mong-chaen, daughter of Tadg iff Almhain (the 
I Hill of Allen). 

j - ThU verse is variously given. 

H Lit. • To lake a t.ale. 
I f The Celtic form of Magnus; probably Magnus Barelegs is 
' meant, who u.>^ killed in attacking Ulster in 1103. The hall. id 
must have been composed mUcb later. 

1 il Finn's favourite dog. 



20. "Tin- Fiann will give hard battle to your people 

before you get \itan, and Finn will give hardy 
battle in yoursell before you get his wife." 

21. Fergus, in} own brother, returned, and his form 

was like the Mm ; calmly did he tell liis tale, 
though loud and great was his voice. 

22. " It is the King of Lochlann there on the shore, 

why should I conceal it ? Nor will lie leave 
without close conflict, or your wife ami your 
dog in bis power/* 

23. " Never will I give up my wife to any man under 

tin: mid. ami still less will I ever give up Bran 
until death comes in his mouth. " 

24. Mac Cinuhail spoke to Goll, " Is it a great deed 

lor us to be thus silent ? Shall we not giye 
fierce battle to the King of Lochlann of the 
speckled 12 shields?" 

25. "The seven fosterlings of the full loch, 13 " said 

Goll without deceit', "although you deem the 
people great, I shall overthrow their vigour 
and their might." 

26. Said Oscar of great vigour, "I will hind the 

King of Innis Tore", and the heads of his 
twelve counsellors I will take upon myself to 
rest rain. ; ' 

27. "The Karl of Milan 15 , great his deeds," said 

Brown-haired Dermid without stain, "I will 
restrain him from our Liann, or fall myself on 
his account . " 

28. I myself look on hand (though 1 am without 

strength to-night) the King of Termin of close 
Conflicts, that I would sever his head from his 


29. " Give blessing and victory," said Mac Cumhail 

of the red cheeks, " I myself will land Maims, 
son 01 Gara of the hosts, though great he his 

30. AH that night until the day, seldom was ii we 

were without music; abundant feasting, wine 
and wax would tin: Fiann have at their drink* 

31. When the day broke we saw them taking their 

place in the field ; the banner of the valiant 
King of Lochlann was raised on the shore be- 
fore us. 

52. We raised on high the Sunbeam"', die banner of 

Finn of hardy sjrengjh, full of jewels and gold, 
and greatly did we prize it. 

33. There was many a sword with hilt of gold, many 

a pennon raised on high. In tin battle oi 
Mae (.'uu, hail, prince ol (easts, many were the 
spears above out heads. 

34. Man\' a coat, and many a chief, man) a shield 

and Corslet red, man)' a leader 1 ' and king's 
son, and there was not a man "I them un- 

i«7.f. Suicided. 

■ W Suggested to the LUdtie, which does noi ebb, but the 
xt may b" coi 1 up!. 
UThe Oikneys. 

WMumhan dually m«ans Minister. This would point ta 
Ireland being under die Noise .11 the time. 
Finn's banner, 
1?AI. Spear. 

35. Many a helm of fairest shape, many an axe, ami 

man) a dart. Round the King of Lochlann 
•of the cups 18 du re was many king's son and 

36. We made our stern player, and broke Upon the 

rank-, ot the strangers* We bent our heads in 
the battle, and every chief did as he had pro- 

37. Mac Cumhail id' the cups and Manns of the 

valiant pursuits met each other ill the- thick of 

the host, Clerk, was the contest not hard? 
3S. That was a close conflict, like the noise of two 

hammers, the bloody battle of the two kings. 

Sore-wounding was the vigourof their weapons. 
Jq. When their red shields were broken, and their 

rage and anger arose, then they threw their 

weapons on the ground, and the two heroes 

took to wrestling. 

40. The bloody battle of the two king-;, tedious it 

was for us to hear it ; stones and the heavy 
earth were turned up by the soles of their feet. 

41. 'I lie unfortunate King of Loci. latin was over- 

thrown before die rest upon the heather, and 
although it was no honour to a king, the bond 
ol the three smalls 1 " was put upon him. 

42. Then did bald Conan 20 speak, the son of Morna 

that ever caused mischief, "(live me Mantis of 
the swords till I sever his head from his 

43. " I have no friendship nor love to thee, bald and 

hairless Conan. Since 1 am in the grace of 
Linn I prefer it to being in your power." 
•14. " Sim e you are in my grace, I will nut do injury 
to a prince; I will free- you from my Fiann, 
brave hand lot fighting great battles. 

45. And you shall get vour choice again when you 
come 1 1 -> youi own land, either to have friend- 
ship and alliance for ever, or again to lay your 
hand on my Fiann." 

46. " Never will I lay hand on your Fiann so long as 

strength remains in m)' body, and I repent 
that 1 evei made one blow against thee." 

47. Myself and my father and Goll were the three of 

greatest deeds among the Fiann, although I 
am now without a spear or weapon, listening 
to the orders of Clerics." 

Not It, In Miss Brooke's Irish version Mantis is 
styled " King of the blue Men.'' This is to be con- 
nected with a notice in Irish Annals of Certain Moors 
whom die VikitligS brought to Ireland and settled 
there; these were known long alter as "the blue 
men ol Frill." ddiis also show s that these ballads are 
later than the Norse supremacy in Ireland. 

'8 i.e. 'I In: possessor uf many valuable cups, &c, 

1:1 /..-. I he wrists, ankles, and neck ; otherwise called the Jive 

SB it« Conan apuean in all the ballads a- another 

\ftu 1 his verse the ballad, varies. Verse 47 in Gillies is, 
" h was to ine you did harm, but Iq yourself; of the host 
you brought from jmir land there are lew that will return 
thither."' Kennedy makes .Manns return again, and tall with 
the greater ]>.ut of his army. 



NOTES ON THE ORIGIN 1 think there is another Scottish grievance 

<<k the I which "no one has yet ventilated: The southern 

NAME, FAMILY, AND A RMS OF SKENE, kingdom still enjoy-, her Karl Marshal, who de- 
rives indeed a fortuitous lustre from the pure 
accident of being also the premier Duke. But 
the Scottish Earldom Marrschal exists no lonurer: 

No. VI. 

Infinite derision hasbe< n awarded in England 
' x Scottish grievances." I am an Em 1 

its tenant was attainted in 1 

Since then, 

man; but 1 must own that, in theory at 'least, Mai, Ait lie, L'erth, and other forfeited honours 

stored ; but it. appears to be the 

the grievances are 

11 ore numerous than 

ave ore 

any Scot has ever stated. The greatest and most settled intention ol the fount of honour to leave 
real of all are, of course, the los# of the Royal : thc heir of the -Keiths* under the shadow of the 

ncl k ourt, not 

he present reu-n 

Koval di-sfav 

This would he of sm; 

partly redressed by thc purchase of Balmoral. ' P©itance in the Case of an orclinarj peerage ; but 
This loss was 'inevitable, because England the Earl Marischa! vvas one of the great officers 
never could or would have been governed from ' ot State > :i " important figure in great functions, 

id no Scot would have asked the 1 thou-h he did not, as m England, exercise that 

jurisdiction overarms which in the north belongs 
to the Lord L) on. 
The Crow n is under no sort of even moral ob- 
, 'imors" ■ ! ligation to restore the lineal heir ot the former 
'I Kails Marischal. The title is simply abolished ; 

Edinburgh ; 

King to do like Octave Feuillet's "Monsieur 
(hi Camors," w ho, when offered a magnificent 
fortune on condition thai he assumed the testa 
j e m( 

tors name, an-svvert 
and turned away. 

Heralds, however, must admit that the new and could be, without any irregularity, created 

Koyal style, t 

:, ano an us, 'a e 


anew m tavour 01 any one ; any simple com- 

which more recent practice has broken. 1. The 
number o! the Kings should not have been 
changed : the first King of Italy was Victor 
Emmanuel 11. ; the third King George of Han- 
over was George V. ; the first. German Emperor 
Frederick was Frederick 111. King William III. 
would thus have been styled " II. and III." 2. 
The title should have been, " of Scots, of Eng- 
land, France, and Ireland." For, was Franc 
a nation inferior to England ? T! 

100 years war pro\ 
" France" 'followed M 
style, because King Ed 
from a Front h pi :na 
look England. 3. In t 
have been in the ni'st 
France third, and I rel 

1 he cont rary. 1 >m 
■\,i\\d" m the Royal 
tl 1 1 1 . inherited FraU< e 
so the king of Scots 
hield, Scotland should 
iter, England second, 
fourth. 4. The uni- 
corn should have been on the: dexter side. 5. 
The crest and motto of Scotland should have 
been placed on the dexter of those of England, 

Another reason for giving thc place "f honour 
to Scotland is thai her monarchy is very much 
older than the English one ; by four centuries 
at least, even il we count ICngland from Egbert ; 
which our Plaritagenet, &c, kind's never dreamt 
of; for, if so, Edward 1. would have been Ed- 
ward IV. 1 This reason (length of line) must be 


Since, however, the Earl Marshal of England 
is a duke ; and since our future Princess Koyal 
has espoused a subject, created duke pro Her 
hoc j who could be so fitting a tenant of this 
great office as her husband? "Fife, E. M.," 
would then be a lustrous pendant to " Norfolk, 
E. M." ; 3 and Scotland would no longer be de- 
prived of one of the. few possible signs of having 
id of ; he ! keen ;i Kingdom. 

In the transfer there would be "poetical jus- 
bee,' too. 'lire happy possessor of one of the 525 
onl) copies of Dr. Skene's XfeniOiials can read 
th< rein the incredible laic [abbreviated from the 
fuller. accounts) of how the Keiths persecuted, 
and at last despoiled, the Skenes, whose heir of 
line the Duke of File is, and through whom he 
descends from the rirst Earl Marischal, and all 
the laird- of Keith his progenitors. 4 But for the 
public, whis have not access to this remarkable 
work, 1 will briefly condense thc story : - 

Ad. on 111. of Skene mortgaged Easter Skene 

2 A limit whom information is requested. There - is probably 
i lun^ci sufficient fwrtuiic tu reitde; peciagu suitable and ic- 

J I ogtulcd nui in the Ir'tttt/t'/fitiu's Ahigtizint in 1S07. 
K. M." isiiuUc wrong (and '-U IC. M , adjeotedbj Lord E. 
lownrd to lvi* signajine even worse), Hie Lord Mayo»s 
L: M." bin •' Mayo: J' tan : ■•><, I slijipoKt:, "Pro- 

that which makes the Pope s Nuncio -everywhere wu*t"); the Lord chancellor si^n* •• HaUhury, c ; the chief 

Justice adds C. J." ; and no earl ever adds *' earl " to his sig- 
natuie. I'll' denature «.t the Earl Maiistha) wo* pf. course 
" .Vlail^hal, 1 ' siitipIV • a»d Countesa Would " Jaue 

Marisdiul, ' the Mice. 

• WUi. Sk» tie's half-hr tip , manned Janet, heir .>f line .,1 the 
Keiths ; Mhcreii|>oii ^keni accepted iuleluuetn ot Easier Skene 
front the Karl Alan iehal ; committing, ajma ently, tin: fatal 
tttimtuke 1. 1 uotntJiotnismg the dispute hy allow in , the iuperfaritp 
<.i the landa t>> the Karl ; w*h »se successor utcd :i to get ij';>.i-->- 
sion uf the whole profit oi litem. 

Dean of the Diplomatic Body, which includes 
many Envoys who do not acknowledge the Holy 
father as a spiritual sup< rior at all. 

i The numbers wiigbt be .-.•t right. The proplain.utt.ti, at 
some distant .lay, <■( " Ring Edward the Tenth ' w< ul i I* a 
surprise to the Londoners far greater than that ol " I 
der Lriuo " ai Berlin. 



T 39 

to his father-in-law, the Earl Marischal, for 300 an alleged grant <>t the whole of Canada, and 
m., in order to equip his men for Harlavv, where , the right of 1 seating baronets, as made 10 his 
he was killed : thereafter the Earl maintained ancestor the Earl of Stirling, by King Charles I.: 
that the wadset was a sale : hut, after much liti- ; and the case fell lo the ground only because his 
gation, Easter Skene remained with the Skenes 1 documents writ,- proved spurious ; not through 
fifty years after, in [461, and till 1 63 1, when ** length of time." ; Tir> ne\cr too late to he 
''submission heing" entered into for amicable honest. A. !'. SKENE. 

settlement of matters, the Lords 'decree ami ' *■•■* 

ordain"' that Easter Skene he given up to Lord I NOTABLE ML\ a WOMEN OF AYRSHIRE. 
Marischal ! Yet, surely, prescription and waiver (Continued from p. //./, Vol. IV.) 

are not unknown to Scots law. 

Forty-six years after, the Karl was forfeited | Ja „ m ^amMh *hd E. of Loudoun ; one of 

and attainted, and bis possessions conhscated. the Covenanting nobles. IK: had tu retire to the 
Then, surely, was the time for the Laird of Continent, where lie died at Lcyclen. h. Loudon Ca., 
Skene to plead that the Lords of 1631 had nude ; NewmUU, 1624, d . 16S4. 

an iniquitous decree, overawed by the rank, j 76. Rev. Alex. Irani: one of the leaders of the 
power, and wealth of the Earl : lo show that he J Cameronian section ol the Covenanters. Ordained 
(Skene) was in no way suspected of treason : and . New Luce, Galloway, 1659; 1 ;eeted as Covenanter 
to pray that Easter Skene, granted to his ances- ! 1662. He became one of th. most distinguished of 
tors by many previous kings, should be once more the field-preacher*. Proclaimed a rebel 100O, he 
acknowledged to belong of right to him. As he S0U S ht * h ? ][er for ;l t,m ? '". inland ; but having 
did not do so, the barony of Skene remained turned, was arrested m Camek i« 1673 and Milt 
reft of half its original extent ; but it would c~- I t0 the l5ass ' wherC hc * n,aim 1 ll " l6?S ' IIavu * 

tamlv seem that 

Duke ot 

I been sent on board a shin with 60 others to be con- 

Fife some compensation I01 the loss ol so nuuh 

veyed to Virginia, th 


i! to pr< 

1 have been assured, this year, by no le 
three Cabinet Ministers, that ''length ol 
prevents them from even examining my c 
be repaid the full amount which my at 
Philip Skene, proved he was out of po 
the Peace of 1783, oi which he received oi 
half- -^20,000. Lad)' Palliser has just 
periston of £30© granted to her, althouj 
itdmitted 1 

id a 
it is 

lei late husband 1 eceh ed the full 

with such a cargo, and the result was that they were 
set at liberty in London. Returning to Scotland, he 
than ie-iiimd his field-preaching, and though constantly in 
me ' j risk o[ his life-, escaped all his pursuers, and died in 
111 to I peace at his brother's house, b. Sorn 1 626, d. 1686. 
stor I 77- Rev. lames Ramsay, M. A., Episcopalian Divine, 
■\ by Miccessi vel v mioi - te r of Kirkintilloch, Linlithgow, 
' ind Haddington: consecrated to see o( Dunblane, 

! 1673, and ol Ross, 1684. 0. Dundonakl Mause 1620, 
i (/. 1606. 

S. !\\:\ Hi 

\I.A.\ eloquent and 

, . . . terian divine. Gradual id Glasgow 

amount he could claim trom the nation. Yet ; U) , t> . o) Philosophy same year: ordained at 

John Bull, sweating gold at every pore and Go¥lU) L0SQ: j ( ,: |i0 j the "Protestors:" disputed 
pocket, replies to the prayer of the half-paid- in j before Cromwell 1651. His theological works, which 
the words ot the dying old woman, to w hom her I are numerous, have been twice reprinted; in 
minister had narrated the Crucifixion, and asked 1732, ami again in 1851, when the) reached a third 
her what she thought of it: "Well, Sir,- ye edition, b. Dalveunan, Shaiion, 1627,1/. ^53. 

see,- it wot a long way off and it wor a long 7 ( >- pftn tfiihet of Hardkill: martyi to the 

while ago- and so we'll hope it worn t true" ! Covenant ; descended 
The Duke of Fife, and all the other barons of rKyle : he, after seein.t 
Skene since- 1631, have reason lo regret that had 
similar Ministers we're not in power when tht 
Decreet Arhitml "drove a coach and six" thro 
a title resting on previous decreets, and \\ pre- 

scription of more than two centuries. It does 1 8o /Mara Qilmour: repute,! to have been the 
not, indeed, seem quiie clear that the present means of introducing the making of wluit is called the 
heir' might not have good grounds of action \ " Duulop cheese "into Ayrshire. She is .supposed to 
against the Ci -own lor at least the value of Easter I have learned the secret ol that art in Ireland. She 
Skene. 8 T!u- Court of Session certainly allowed I do, :ii>] u -d in the latter part* oi the 17th century, b. 
Colonel Alexander, about 50 years ago, to pie. id : Dunlop. 

' _ " _ 81. Mhjor-'Genera! Robert Montgomery fought on 

» Who might, peiKajv, be th< lu i; malt; for Kasicr Skene was j. the side o| the Parliament against Charles L, and 
^ under which the lmkc attained the rank ol Majoi Cienerah hut rallying tu 
the standard ol Charles II., he fought at Dunbar, 

>m one of ihe Lollards of 
ting military service on the Comi- 
cal, returned home in 1650, joined the rising of 
1 1660, and Pought at kullion U recti, where he was left 
] for ad on the field, at Drumclog, and Doth well 
1 3 1 i 1 ► , arrested 16S5, and hanged at Edinburgh hn- 
' mediately alter, b. ILmthill; Loudon, 1027, </. 1685. 

he ilih 

not included 

" Some leyists tcachini: that the rule,. " Nullum ci 

ecrrlt Regi?' cuts both ways ; a. d that pre ■, 1 ij obtains where he distinguished himself. _ Accompanying 

only between subject and subject. | Charles to England, he acted a.-> Major-General ol the 


[December, 1890. 

horse at the battle of Worcester, where he was 
wounded and taken prisoner, and confined in Edin- 
burgh Castle, whence he escaped to the Continent in 
16159. Returning at the Restoration, he suffered in 
the religious persecutions of the period on account ol 
his conscientious attachment to presbyterianisni. 
Kgllnton (162 ), d. after 1682. 

82. fohn A'enne-dy, jth E. oj Cassillis : Presby- 
terian in sympathy, he was the only man in the 
Parliament of 167c; who voter! against the Act for 
punishing conventicles. The Highland Host in 167S 
ravage 1 his estates in Carriek. Denounced an outlaw 
foi refusing to pledge himself on behalf of his family 
and tenants never to attend a conventicle or harbour 
a field-preacher, he, along with the I), of Hamilton 
and 12 other peers, proceeded to London to complain 
of Lauderdale's government. They failed to arrest 
the mischievous policy then pursued, but the King 
refused the demand of the episcopal party to prosecute 
the Karl of Cassillis. lie joined in the Revolution ol 
10SS, was sworn a Privy Councillor, and appointed 
one of the Lords of the Treasury. b. Cassillis 1 louse, 
Ivirkmichael (1628), d. 1701. 

8 \. Lady Margaret Kennedy : Presbyterian saint, 
among whom she was in great credit and esteem : she 
married Bishop ' Burnet in 1072. I>. Cassillis Uo., 
(162 ). 

S4. Robert fiUntiue, und James lilackwood : 

two martyrs to"|t he Covenant, who suffered for their 
concern in the rising of the year 1666. They were 
natives of I* enw ic.k. 

86. Rev. fames Stirling, M.A.: ordained Paisley 
1654, deprived 1662. After this he went from place 
to place, preaching. in the field's. lie was the joint 
author, along with Sir lames Stuart of Good trees, of 
the well-known book entitled " Naphtali." published 
1667. Soon after he went to Bombay, where, being 
thrown from his horse, he fell into a fever of which he 
died. He was acute, pious, an. I learned, and had a 
very polite and accurate mannei o| preaching. So 
great was his influence ai Bombay that it is said he 
could lead alt that island by the nose. VVodrow styles 
him a very great man." /<. Clerkland, StS&warton, 
1631, d. 1672. 

87. Rev. William Anna/id, Dean of Edinburgh. 
Studie<l at Oxford 1651, took orders 1656, returned to 
Scotland 1002. Inducted Tolbooth l66j. High 
Church 1675. Dean of Edinburgh 1676, Professor of 
Divinity at St. Andrews 16S5. He wrote various 
treatises in support of Episcopacy. His published 
works are " 1- ides Catholka : or the Doctrine ol the 
Catholic Church," 1661 -2 ; Panum Quotidianum ; 
or Daily Bread, 1 ' in defence of set forms of prayer, 
1662; " l'ater N'oMer : an explanation ol the Lord's 
Prayer," 1670; " Mys.terium Pietatis: or the Mystery 
of Godliness," 1672; iH3ostolo«ia," 1673; "The 
Agreement of Magistracy and MinUtry," 1004. b. 
Ayr Manse, 1633, </. 1689. 

88. Robert R'er of' KersLmd : ( 'oven anting sufferer. 
Took part in the rising of [666, on account of Which 
he had to take to hiding, while his estates were 
forfeited. lie retiied for safety to Dtrei lit. where he 
spent 3 years. But on reluming to attend to some 
business, he was arrested in Edinburgh in [669, ami 

Confined there and in Dumbarton, Aberdeen, arid 
Stirling, for several years, In 1677 he was permitted 
to settle in Irvine, and loo!; an interest in the cause 
ol the persecuted Coseiianters, tilt the following year 
he was compelled again to retire to Utrecht, where he 
died in 1680. In the Scots Woirfiies he is spoken of 
as a nun ol a great mind and undaunted courage, ft. 
Kerslarid, Dahy (1634), d. 1680. 

8j. Rev. Imvid Blair: Presbyterian divine, 
educated al St. Andrews and Ley 1 n. Returned to 
Scotland at the Revolution, and in [689 settled as one 
of the ministers ol Edinburgh ; 1690 one of the King's 
chaplains; 1691 translated to St. Giles's; 1700 
Moderator of General Assembly, died aged 74. He 
was son of Robert Blair the Covenanter, and father 
of the poet, who was author of ''The Grave." /'. 
Irs ine 16 ]j, d. 1 7 10. 

90. Sir George Campbell', distinguished lawyer; 
Lord Justi* e Clerk. (>. 1639, Cessnoek, (ialst* n, </. 

92. Prof. John Cunningham: eminent lawyer. He 
was the Inst who undertook to read lectures mi the 
Roman Law in Scotland, as also on the Scots Law. 
He thus saved many families the expense of a foicign 
education tor their son-., b. Ayrshire, (164-); ./. 1 7 10. 

92. Francis A/ontgomery of Giffen, Al./'.: pro- 
minenl politician,. 2nd son of the 7th L. ol ICglinton. 
I Ie was one of the Lords of the Treasury in the r< ign 
of William and Anne. Member lor Ayrshire in the 
Scottish Parliament ol 1705, he was nominated one of 
t'ne Commissioners lor the Treaty ol Union, rfe 
steadily supported the English Union, and in 1707 
was chosen to represent Ayrshire in the Imperial 
Parliament. /'. Ayrshire? (1649), tl. — 
( To be continued. ) 
-*••*■ - — 

Connach (IV., 1 17. I have read with great 
interest the notices .that have recently appeared 
in .v A'. &* (J. 1 e;;.ti ding t be nieaning of the 
\yt>i'cl iciuiaji. Some sixty years ago the father 
of our shepherd's wife leased a small Linn, in 
the east end of Rossie Muir, from Sir [.ones 
Carnegie of Southesk, ( w hose descendant is now 
Earl of Southesk). When lie died his widow 
cmne to Panuiurc to reside with her daughter. 
The old woman was well versed in the provin- 
cial dialect that formerly prevailed in the " north 
count rie," and also on the east side of Scotland. 
Her daughter siill remembers many ol the old- 
fasliioned word- that she hoard her mother often 
use. Iking in my house the other day, 1 asked 
her if her mother ever told her 14 in >t to connach 
the meal." Sin- promptly replied in the affirma- 
tive, for her mother, she said, was a careful 
woman. Mr. Carnegie tame- from the north 
part of Aberdeenshire to 'occupy the farm of 
Kethie, and he always made it a stipulation 
when engaging his .sen .mt lasses, that they were 
"neither to bait" the tire nor connach the meal." 
.Mr. Carnegie's daughter was married to Mr. 
Alexander Stephen, shipbuilder in Arbroath, 
who died somewhere about the year 1855. 



He was. the founder of the well-known firm oi 
Messrs. Alexander Stephen & Sons, the eminent 
shipbuilders, of Dundee and the Clyde. Mr. 
Carnegie's yount; sons were sent by him 10 re- 
side with their sister in Arbroath, principally in 
order to prosecute their education at the Aca- 
demy there, an institution that has been the 
training-school of many distinguished men, who 
have in different walks of life rendered signal 
service to their country. When their father had 
occasion to write to Mrs. Stephen about his 
boys he would frequently request her to "seel 
that the laddies keep their toe-nails well pared, I 
so as not to wear the toes of their stockings/' 
It would be well for the present generation of 
young men if more of this " auld warld econo- 
my" was taught them nOw-a-days and after- 
wards practised by them ! 

Panmure Gardens. J AMES MITCHELL. 

CONXACH (IV., [J 7).— 1 am inclined to believe 
that your correspondents are right in thinking 
that I have somewhat mistaken the usual mean- 
ing of the word connach. The conversation 
alluded to took pi, ice upwards of sixty years 
ago. We were all Lowland people, and the 
word was perfectly new to us, but the fact that 
it took such firm hold on my youthful imagina- 
tion is proof there was a meaning in it that 
"told." In any case the result was the same as 
regarded the candidate for dignified domestic 
service. It was concluded that she would not 
be careful enough of the oatmeal, which at that 
time formed the chief article of diet in the 
families of most Scottish people. Would that it 
did so still 1 we would now have strongei men 
and women. I often, think that man) Scottish 
words and phrases might with great advantage 
lie introduced into the English language, tor 
man)' of them have a subtle meaning which the 
equivalent English words do not convey. For 
instance, connach may be synonymous with 
waste in many cases, but there may be waste 
which cannot be helped, and foi which nobody 
is responsible, but 1 think " connach " implies 
wilful and needless waste tor which somebody is 
to blame. 

Carnoustie. JOHN CARRIE. 

CONNACH (IV,, I 1 7).- Regarding this word 
Connach^ I have always understood it lo mean 
"waste," and not "economise," as Mr. Carrie' 
says its true meaning is. At any rate it means 
waste in the old pro\erb which is (o this effect-- - 
" Better belly rive than gweed meat connach* 

Ceo. E. Ley ie. 

Sculptured To>ii*stone at Essie (iv., 

103).-- I beg to inform H.W. L. that Laing (Don- 
can Tcnitist) gives Duncan's shield, "Shield 
parted per pale two wolves' heads couped in 
chief and an escallop in base ; sinister a boar's 

head erased." James Duncan's daughter Janet 
was married to Abraham Forbes of Blacktown. 
So, in Lumsden MSS. of 1640^ ,k Waster Fowlls 
ami Craigmill appertaining to the guidman of 
Blacktown" in King Edward. If 11. W. L. has 
not seen a ret our of 3rd Kebruary, 1602, he 
would be interested to see it, 

Thornhill, Stirling. C. W. 

487. The Battle oi< Ckessy. — In his Historical 
Memorial:, oj Canterbury Dean Stanley says the 
Battle of C ressy was fought on Saturday the 28th of 
August, 1346. ( )n this the Dean builds his picture 
of the battle ; but is the Dean right in fact ? Was 
that a Saturday? 

East Toronti . James Gammack, LL.D. 

488. Gustavus AooLPiius.—In James Grant's 
Memoir of Sir John Hepburn, p. 207 (Ed, 1 85 1 j , I 
find the following statement about Gustavus Adol- 
phus :— " Mis s.vord, which from the extent of his 
conquests was thought to be enchanted, was said to 
have been in possession of St. Maehar's [sic] Masonic 
Lodge at Aberdeen dining the eighteenth century." 
The authority added is — See Edinburgh Advertiser, 
.March 25, 170S. Is this ;i myth or a reality ? 

w. D. (.;. 

489. History of the Huntly Gordons. —Has 

any family history of the House of [1 unity been pub- 
lished? If not, what are the best source.-, of informa- 
tion regarding it ? C. K. 

490. Residence of ihk Recent Moray. — 
Where did t: the I. onl Regent" Moray reside when 
in Edinburgh? Ii was certainly not in Moray House, 
as it was hoi built till 16 1 3. L. K. 

491. l.n . In searching ancient Latin records in 
Scotland I Occasionally meet with the above word. 
It is used between a doubtful Latin expression and the 
English translation, or sometimes before an untrans- 
lateable Scottish or English term. It seems to me to 
be a contraption, but of what ? I have asked sev eral 
experts and have never yet got a satisfactory answer. 

A. B. S. 

492. Formes of Thornton (in Kincardineshire). 
— 1. Whom did James Forbes of Savoch and Thorn- 
town, who died in 1683, marry? 2. Who was the 
wile of his son, Thomas Forbes of Ihointown, died 
17 1 7.' II. W. L. 

493. Gordon <>k Lowlands, Auchindoir, and 
Gordon <>k Kincraic.i 
mation about these famili 
received. II. W. L. 

494. Seaton. — About 1700 the Rev. Alexander 
Seaton was Minister of Leochel. ''an any one tell 
me who his parents were, and who was his wife? 

II. W. L. 

495. Glaijs roN e Genealogy. — In a. Dundee 
newspaper recently were some articles on the Glad- 
stone genealogy. Could anyone kindly tell me which 
paper and what dates? All were before z8th Oct. 

Edinburgh. M. Si kwakt. 

1 llarlaw. Any infor 
lor to !/• o thanklulh 

1 4 2 


( 1 )ecember, 1S90. 


451. George Gi.edstanes, Minister of St. 
Andrews (IV,, 57). -This minister, who is said to 
have been a nniivc of Dundee (horn 1560), was 
translated to St. Andrews frum the parish ol Arbklot 
the late Dr. Guthrie's, first parish in the yeni 1597. 
lie was made Vice-Chancellor of the University in 
1599. His name is spelled Gledstanes by mar,} 
writers, and Gladsfancs by others. 

Dollar. W. B. K. W. 

462. " Pl.AIN AS A IHfCRSTAVV" (IV., 98) - See 

lindei " Pikestaff" in Brewer's Dictionarj <>'. Phrase 
and Fable. ' . 

Stirling. \Y. 

463. " at the Horn" (IV., 98).— The 
following notes and extracts may be sufficient answer 
to this query : " plowing £1 man to the horn was the 
ancient form of seeking for an offender from county to 
county, and where he was not tea he found, il was 
followed by outlawry. This was introduced into civil 
business; and when a debtor refused to obey the 
King's letters, he was blown to the horn as an 
offender, and declared guilty of rebellion. It was on 
this ground that imprisonment proceeded, and the 
debtor was imprisoned as a rebel to the Kin;;. Letters 
of PJorning are •letters issued in the name of his 
Majesty, and passing under his signet."— bell on 
Leases, 1S05. 11 After a debt is constituted, cither by 
a formal decree, or by registration of the ground of 
debt, Which; to the special effect of execution, is in 
law accounted a decree ; the creditor may obtain 
letters oi horning, issuing from the signet in name ol 
Ifte sovereign; commanding messengers-al-arms, \c, 

within a day certain, The messenger must execute 

at his dwelling House ; and, il he get not access to the 
house, he must strike six knocks at the gate, and 
tliereafter afta'x to it a copy oi his exeetttion. II 
obedience is not gi\eri to the charge within the days 
mentioned in the horning, the uvesseiigeB, alter 
making three oyesses al the market-crossof the head 
burgh of the' debtor's domicile, and reading the 
letters," blows three blasts with a horn ; by which the 
debtor is under. loud to be pioclai.uied rebel to tin- 
King, for Contemn"! of his authority; aftei which he 
must affix a copy of ihe e\< cuUon m the market -cross. 
This [k called the publication of the diligence or 
denunciation at the horn, biskim":, Principles, 
1754. To be put to the hem was no trilling- matter, 
rill lot.?, c; 1. those denounced., even fur a civil 
cause, tmght be put to death with impunity. "Gif 
ony persuuri, beand uppiniiu proclainil and denuncit 
rebel to our soveranc Lord, and pu| to the horn, un 
debiour audit and sou Id mak 10 him payment ol ony 
delais auchtand to him belojr his denunciation, nor 
?it suffer ony official to tak or poind ony gudis in hi • 
nana; thairfoi) : hot rather, he beand enemie and 
rebel, as said h, his persoim ma)' bi lakin and 
apprehendil be Ony ol out so vera ne Lord's lieges, and 
brocht in to the law, to be punist for rebellion!! ; and 
gif he makis impediinctil to his taking. ie may 

leasumlie be slane as common enemie t<> oui soverane 
Lord and his subjects," "The King's letteris beand 

direct to the Sehhel, Of Oil)' ulher >>chiiet in that 

part, or uther the King's QfHciar, chargeand all the 
lieges and indv.ellarU within the Schireldome to pass 
in company with him, to search, seik, tak, and 
apprehend ony man, beand rebel, and at the horn, 
(juhairever he may be gOAl^n, and, gif neid beis, to 
raise fire, and use all uther meatus pussibil'l, in cais of 
his resistance, or to esehete and im bring to our 
soverane Lord's use all his movabill gudis, be ressuun 
Of his rebellioun ; and to thai effect, gil neid beis, to 
mak opin duris ; and rjuhatever be ('one to them it. 
executing ol the saidL letteris, and assisting the 
Schiref, or King's OlTiciar, at. command of the said is 
letteris, nane ol thamc may be eflerwart, in on\ lime 
aiming, callii or persuit lor raising ol tire, burning ol 
housis, spuilzeing of ony gudis, penciling to the said 
rebel, or foj ony Uther tiling, or alledgit wrung done 
be ihaine in assisting the* Schirei, or ony uther the 
King's Ofliciar, lor the effect fuirsaid." Ualfour's 
Practieks. By statute 20, Geo. II., c. 50, civil 
rebellion was 

Macduff: J. C. 

466. bin. Late Charles tiutnajc, fteovrusi 
(IV., 98). - A writer in the (jlasgoto //</<.•/,/, who 
.-.peaks as a personal friend of the deceased author, 
alleges that, though reared in Glasgow, he was bom 
in the Isle of Man, of Scottish parentage. Moreover, 
his real name was M'liibbou, and it was only after 
settling in London that he thought to make his name 
more- shapely by cutting off the "Mac." lie was a 
year younger than his friend W illiam Black, and, like 
him, was acting as a clerk when the passion lor story- 
He was 48 years old at his death. 

w . b. k. w. 

I 1...N !. I"! \\ i l S I'l l K tit 11 At' AND 
19). The tirst Stage C oach be- 
I Peterhead w .s not established 
I '. rhap.s it may I e of interest to 
" |. A.'" to know that in 1,781 tiie post from Peter- 
head arrived at Aberdeen on Sunday, Tuesday, and 
Thursday, about (> evening, and was despatched on 
Monday, Wednesday, and Kriday, 1 iq forenoon. 
(Adieu. . C. 
475. 'bill'. PRoVOSTS OK Alt! kl-l i.N il\., I19). — 
It is an open secret that this que rj will be answered 
by Mr. A. M . Miinro by and bye, and in such a way 
as has not yel be 11 attempted by any local annalist, 
rrom what we know o1 Mr. Minim's facilities tor re- 
search, and the collodions he has been industriously 
gaih aing lot years past, we look forward to his ulti- 
mate publication on [his subject with verj grtai inte- 
rest, an>l as one that will more- than amply answer all 
the demands. of Mr. Lens!.. ' Meant hue Kenned) 's 
Aiiuaii and Thorn's ./A rdeen may be consulted with 
advantage. Kl>. 

479. fKfrtRl'OKATKlJ TliAlJJiS ll\., M-;'l. - The 
ijuerisl will firid all he desires in Merchant and Guild 
Crafts, a History of the Aberdeen Incorporated '/fades, 
by i :bc iu/.er bain, r\-Mashi <»i line Trades Hospital, 
Aberdeen. I^ldished in 1SN7. A icvi«v\ of this 
work, which is .-lid on ale, was giv'eii in .V. A'. & Q. t 

Vol. I., \k tac. Trinity. 

A 1 

lling seized him. 

47;]. ( c ' M M I ' N !c 

.1 IN Giv., 

^ een Aberdeen : 
II the year 1S10 

December, [890.] 



480. Ok \ mm \i< School, Abkrdekn (IV., 119). 
The School building in wliLh .Mr. Leask refer.-, was j 
built in 1757. nni! abandoned when the new Grammar 
School was erected in the West end, in 1^62. The 
old school was demolished about seven years ago, and 
its site is now occupied by the Gray School of Art. 
Since the Grammar School of the burgh was in a 
flourishing condition in the middle of the 13th cen- 
tury, successive structures had been used as school 
buildings. One renewal took place in 1624, and in 
nil probability there had been others before that, 

though unrecorded. Mr. Wilson 1 gives the first men- 
tion of the school 111 the Municipal Records as in [418, 
Mr. Munro a gives the year 145'- The present Rec- 
tor, Mr. Moii, lias gone thoroughly into the history 
and antiquity of the School. J. 1!. 

481. To Hell or ( 'on naught. W. B. R. W. 
rightly says that this phrase is "not in Cromwell's j 
style." No, indeed. An extraordinary mass of le- j 
gends has accumulated round Cromwell, and this is 
one of them. I doubt if any proof can be given of 
the phrase being older than l 70S. 1 1 was Certainly 
used then, and is quite in the style of the militia and 
yeomanry who suppressed the insurrection in that 
year. Madden is sometiiTves useful a-> a biographer - , 
but in matters of history he is worthless. 

H, W. L. 

482. Rose or Letiienoik (TV., 119). Dr. John 
Rose of Insch, minister of Foveran, w as son of Rev. 
Alex. Rose ol Insch, minister of, and 
brother of the Right Rev. Alexander ' Rose, Lord 
Bishop of Edinburgh. He was served heir to his 
father, Alexander Rose- of lusch, 168O. He married 
Label Udny, daughter of John Udny of that ilk. 
Regarding this marriage there is the following licence 
from the Bishop of Morav : " For mv reverend and bioihcr in 1 lui t. Mi. I lew Ros, minister 
at Naime. Re\ei\nd and alfeclionat brother, 
Seeing' 1 am credibly <. ertifyed thai there is noe law lull 
impediment to hinder the marriage of Mr. John Ros, 
minister of Foveran, with Isobell Udny, dochler to 
the umquhil Laird of Udny of that ilk, I doe by theis 
desire you byyourselfi "(or anie other minuter whom 
you please to appoint), to grant the benefit of marriage 
to the foresaid persom s, (if ye find noe emergent 
lawful! impediment to the contrare), when ewer they 
shall require you to perform the same. And this shall 
be your warrant. Given at Spynie, the twentie-fourt 
daj- of November, 1669 years, ami subscribed under 
the hands of your ailed ionale brother in Christ, 
Mvirdo, R. of Morray." They had issue two sons : 1, 
Alexander Rose, who succeeded, afterwards of 
Lethendie ; 2, John Rose (prol>ably of Drumrossie (?) 
but must have been very young if his death look place 
in 1 6S ii ). Alexander Rose of Insch succeeded his 
father, Dr. Rose, minister of bovenm. lie was 
served heir to him in the lands of Insch in 1691. I le 
married Anne Loibcs, daughter of Alexander Forbes 
of Ballogie, by whom he had three sons and four 
daughters: 1, Rev. John Rose, minister of Logie- 

1 An Historical Account of Aberdeen, by R. Wilson, -<CM., 
p. 158. 

- Old Landmarks of Aberdeen, l>y A. M. Munro, p. \ \. 

Buchan ; 2, George Rose, Burgess, Aberdeen- 
married Christian Forbes, daughter of Archibald 
Forbes of Putachie, and had issue ; 3, Alexander 
Rose in Ellon married Agnes Moir, daughter of Rev. 
W. Moii , minister of I-dloii, and had issue. Alexander 
Rose sold rnsch and purchased Lethendie. 

W. Th.MII.K. 

48^ . Murder of Campbell <>i Lawkrs (IV., 
1 19). —Minutely detailed in Chambers' "Domestic 
Annals of Scotland." 



Annual Reports (1)0/ 1 he Government Cinchona 
Plantation and Factory in Bengal arid (2) of 
the Royal Botanic Garden^ Calcutta, for 1S89- 
90, by Brigade-Surgeon OiSORGE KING, CLE., 
Governmnet Qutnologist, and Superintendent 
of the Royal Botanic Garden, Calcutta. 
THE efforts to cultivate the cinchona plant in 
India have long passed the stage of experiment, 
and under the skilled cue of Dr. King have 
matured suCcessfullv and grown to large pro- 
portions. Many interesting statistics arc given 
in proof of this. There are nearly 5,000,000 
trees in permanent plantation, and during the 
year reported on, 504,705 lbs of dry bark were 
collected, and from 48 lbs. 10 oz. quinine manu- 
factured in ! S 7 5 , tin,- quantity has risen to 841 1 
lbs., including 657S lbs. of febrifuge. Partly 
owing to this extended manufacture, the com- 
mercial cabic of quinine has fallen greatly of 
late years. Llul after supplying the various 
medical depots, the profits oi the year have 
amounted to [41CI rupees. The- 103rd Annual 
Report ol the Gardens is equally interesting. 
It constitutes the [9th Report by Dr. King, and 
obviously this has been a period of extraordinary 
progress, especially in the collection and classi- 
fication of the flora of India, "comprising as it 
does more than 14,000 species of flowering 
plains, to say nothing of the still more numerous 
flowerless species." This work is very difficult, 
and elicits, according to the Report, "whatever 
botanical acumen and sagacity a man may 
possess." It is very gratifying to note that Dr. 
King has been appointed to the highly honour- 
able position of Director of the Botanical Survey 
of India, and seconded as be is by a staff of 
able assistants and collectors, it is fondly to be 
hoped that be may succeed in reducing to some 
system the vast flora of our Indian Empire. It 
should be noted the staff are largely 
occupied in ascertaining the economic value of 
man)' Indian plants. Ed. 



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Published by I). Wyllle and Son, Aberdeen. Editorial Commu- 
nications should l>e addressed to the "Editor" -Advertisements 
and Business Letters to the Office, jj Bridge Street. 



Vol. IV.] No. 8. 

JANUARY, 1891 

/ Prh e 3d. 
\ Per Post 3J. 2 < 


Proposed Antiquarian Museum For Aberdeen 147 

The Sapient Sepleiriviii and C rivpaniuii Pi int, . . .• 147 

Culloden, 148 

Border hoik Lore, 152 

Notes on tin. Origin of the Name, Pamily, and Anns 

of Skene, ' 153 

Culloden, f 55 

Heroic Gaelic Ballads, 155 

Old Carving from Kind later Castle, Banffshire, .. 157 

Scraps of Aberdeciishhe Polk- Lore 157 

Notable Men and Women pf Ayrshire 15s* 

Minor Note:— 

Culloden, . . . . . . . . . . . . • t6o 

Queries :— 

Lesliesof Pindrassie- -Leslies of Burdsbank -Cathedral 
of Si. Magnus -Tin. Looking of a Caen Plough- I he 
Herscy Painilj -The Prasers of Kilta lity—Hand- 

fi.sting- Captain Caroline Scoit, . . 160 

Answkks :-- 

Lie— Seaton— Sir Leonard Llallidry— George Gledstane 

— The Newton Stone, .. ..162 

A BE RDEEN, J A Nl 'A A' K rig/. 


A MOVfcMKNT, initiated b) the Manpn. 
Huntly, to form a Museum ol Antiquities 
longing to the North-Easf of Scotland, was 
mooted at the annual meeting of the New S|: 
ing' Chtl > m November. A further step has 
been taken in tins very laudable project In 
Club. A deputation, cOnsisi i rig of Lord 1 1 u 
Principal Qeddes, Colonel Allardyce, Mr. .' 
Walker, and Mr. 1'. J. Anderson, waited on 
Aberdeen 'Town Council, advocating tin; 
posal, and soliciting their influence and 
operation in promoting it. It was pointed 
that the district indicated had been, and 
remained, a great storehouse of objects of . 
quarian and archaeological interest, and 
unsatisfactory it vya.S that with all this plel 
there should lie no perinaiuau public m US 
in a (Jit)' of such importance as Aberdeen, 
can readily understand how Edinburgh sh 
in this matter take precedence, and possess 
national collection of which we are all pr 

M I 

firs 1 




( >ne 

and to which we have made such substantial 
contributions. But one is not so easily recon- 
ciled to the fact that in towns like Montrose, 
Banff, Peterhead, and Elgin, such excellent col- 
lections should exist, and none in Aberdeen, 
barring the somewhat inaccessible museum be- 
longing to the University. 

It is needless to say that this question has 
our entire sympathy, and will commend itself 
to all intelligent persons. In face of the grow- 
ing interest in the subject of primitive culture 
and tin: history of the progress ot our count)')', 
the scheme should be popular and educative. 
There may be some practical difficulties to over- 
come, but nothing of an insuperable kind has 
been hinted at, and once established we have 
faith not only in the wise guidance of its pro- 
moters, but also in its speedy replenishment 
with the materia historica which it should con- 
sist of. Ed. 


THE curious punt known as "The Sapient Sep- 
temviri " of King's College, is No. XXXV. in 
the nrsi volume of Kay's Original Portraits t 
Edinb., [842. It is initialed " J. K. fecit 1786", 
but the impressions are not froth the original 
plate of 1.786, or it" they are, the plate must have 
been retouched to a large extent. All the let- 
tering (title and eight descriptive lines beneath) 
on the 1 042 prints is engraved, on the t 786 prints 
it is type 'printed. Of the 1786 prints there are 
two varieties. One, presumably the earlier, 
shows no lettering on the open book in the hands 
of the " IJeauty of Holiness"; the title " The 
Sapient Septemviri " is succeeded by a full stop; 
the numeral 5 is plat ed to the sinister of the 
cross on the Principal S tiara'. In the other the 
boot; bears the inscription " Return Good for 
Evil" ; there is no stop ; the numeral is above 

the Crosi 
the Port 

in..; to Mr. Hugh Paton, the Editor of 
aitSy the original design "was sent to 
u * i Ka\ by a Mr. lipss, a native of Aberdeen, and 
il, I lormei ly student o 

i 4 8 


[January. 1891. 

is known is, 1 hat he obtained the situation of a 
Surgeon m the Navy, but lost it in consequence 
of having made his brother officers the victims 

of his talent for caricatura 1 here is 

perhaps still in existence a similar effort of 
Ross's pencil) in which some of the Professors 
of Marischal College make a not less ridiculous 
figure. The last Prim m have never chanced 
to see, but we have been informed that tin: 
famous Principal Campbell occupied a conspi- 
cuous place in it, and that attached to his effigies 
was the punning interrogatory — A What do the 
Scriptures Principal^ teach?"' 

I shall In: grateful for any information regard- 
ing the Marischal College print or regarding 
Air. Ross. 

P. ] . Andkrson-. 


(Continued from page 13.0). 

(1) The Marquis of Tullibardine ua.i the 
second son of the first Duke of Athole, his elder 
brother having been killed at Malplaquet. l ie 
devoted himself to the cause of the Smarts, whom 
In: supported from fixed principles. IU- fought 
for them in 1715, Y719 and 1745. On his father's 
death James, his younger brother, assumed the 
Ducal title, which Tullibardine also claimed in 
virtue of a patent granted by Prince Charles, 
lie was broken in health when he raised 
the Standard at Gkmfmnau, Ian he remained 
constantly with the army, wli'u h tor a -.hoit time 
he commanded', lie escaped fiom Culloden, 
hut surrendered himseli to Buchanan of Druni- 
akill, who gave him up. fie died a prisoner in 
the 'Tow er. 

(2) Sir Thomas Sheridan was an Irishman, 
who had been appointed tutor to Prince ( . 'ha He- , 
but though he was a man of honor he was unfil 
lor such a post, and quite in< apable of imparting 
wholesome knowledge to his pupil. The " old 
Governor," as the Prince called him. was ignor- 
ant of the ways of Englishmen, and taught his 
charge the doctrine of absolute monarchy, lb- 
was accompanied on the campaign by his son, 
Mr. Sheridan. 

(2A) Mr. George Kelly had been Chaplain to 
Atterbury, bishop of Rochester, and was im- 
prisoned in the Tower, from which he managed 
to escape. A warm, pragmatical empty man, a 
wretched" writer, a slender knowledge of Eng- 
land, and none of the character and 1 onstitu 
tion oi the English, yet he wrote the addresses 
and proclamations. 

(3) Donald Cameron of Lochiel was born 
about 1705. and had married the dain liter of 
Sir J. Campbell of Auchinbreck. He looked on 

the attempt made by Prince Charles as perfectly 
hopeless, and did Ins best to dissuade him from 
proceeding. But after a personal interview he 
was overcome by the Prince's manner and ur- 
gency, and threw his life and fortune into the 
scale. At Culloden he wa-> badly wounded in 
both ankles, but managed to escape to France, 

where he died. 

Dr. Archibald Cameron, second son of old 
Camei'61 of Lochiel, was entrusted with a large 
sum of monej belonging to the military chest, 
which disappear* d in a very unsatisfactory man- 
ner. Dr. Cameron, who had (led to France 
after Culloden, maintained he had hidden it in 
a cave; and returned to find it. but was recog- 
nized near [nversaid, and arrested and executed. 

I It i^ said that the family of his betrayer is never 
without an idiot among the children. 

(4/ Charles, 9th Lord Cathcart, was in the 3rd 
Fool Guards, and had been appointed A.D.C. 
to the Duke of ( 'umbel land, before Fontenoy, 

I where he was severely wounded in the face by a 
pistol bullet, lie was at Culloden. and after- 

| wards Adjutant General of the North British 
District. In j 748 lie was one of the hostages 

1 sent to Paris for the restitution of Cape Breton. 

J He became a Lieut-General, and died in 177b. 

(5) ( 'Cor^e, Lord Bury, eldest sou of the 2nd 
Earl of Albemarle, was in the Coldstream 
Guards, and A.D.C. to the Duke of Cumberland 
at Fontenoy. He was at Culloden and carried 

) the new s of the victory to the King, w ho gave 
him a thousand pounds and made him his Aide- 
dc Camp. He was at Laffeldt, and in [749 ap- 

I pointed Colonel of tin- 20th. On joining his 
regiment at Inverness, the Magistrates invited 
him to an entertainment on the- Duke of Cumber- 
land's birthday ; but he made them put it off 
till the following day, so as to celebrate Culloden. 
In 1754 he succeeded as 3rd Earl of Albemarle, 
and soon afterwards became Major < ieneral, and 
Colonel of the 3rd Dragoon Guards. He ac- 

I companied the Duke of Cumberland to < lermany, 
and was at Hastenbech. lie commanded the 
expedition which captured Havannah. lie was 
K. G., Lieut-General and Governor of fersey. 

I lie died 1772. 

(6) Colonel the Rouble. Henry Seymour Con- 
way, youngest son of the first Lord Conway, was 
an officer of the First Foot Guards, and was 
present with the regiment at Dettingen. He 

I was appointed A.D.C. to tin: Duke of Cumber- 
I land, and was at fontenoy and Culloden. Pro- 
! moted to the Colonelcj of the 48th, he was taken 
! prisoner while in command of that regiment at 
Laffeldt. He commanded a Brigade at Roche- 
| fort, and a Division at Kirchdenhern. lie was 
I a Member of Parliament, and having voted 
! against the Government was deprived of all his 
I offices, but they were afterwards restored to 

January, i 89 1 . ] 



him, w hen he became Se< rctai y <>( State, Colonel 
of the Royal 1 torse < in. mis, and a Field Mar 
shah He married Countess of Ailesbury in 
1 747, and died in 1 705. 

(7) Colonel ih- Rouble. Joseph Vorke, son of 
the Earl of Hardwkke, was in the Coldstream 
Guards, A. IXC to the Duke of Cumberland al 
Fontenoy, Culloden, and Laffcldt. A.D.C. to 
the King. Became Ambassador at the Hague, 
K.B., Colonel of the rsl Life Guards, and a 
General. Diedini792. His father, Lord Hard- 
wicke, passed the Act which prohibited the 
wearing of the Highland garbi 

(8) Lieut. -General Henry Hawley, Colonel of 
the Royal Regiment oi Dragoons, and Governor 
of Portsmouth, was at this time 67 years ol age. 
He was brave, able, fearless, coarse, and some- 
what brutal. A strict disciplinarian, a thorough 
soldier, loyal to King George, and holding il 
Smarts, papists and rebel? in titter detestation, 
lie died unmarried in 1753, leaving a will, in 
which he directed, 11 Let my carcase | H ' put any- 
where. The priest I conclude will have his fee. 
Let the puppy -have it. Pay the. carpenter for 
the carcase box." He ends' with : u I hate all 
priests of all professions, and have the worst 
opinion of all members of the law." It was be- 
lieved that Ilawleywas a natural son of King 
George 1 1. 

(9) Lord George Murray, fifth son of the first 
Duke of A thole, had been from his earliest years 
a firm adherent of the Stuarts He was at Glen- 
shiel when an attempt at landing was made 
there, and as soon as prirjM e Charles arrived in 
Scotland he hastened to foin him. Lord George 
was made Lieut. -General ol the Anns. I lis 
military talents wore of a high order, and he was 
certainly the Lest it not the only I leneral Chai les 
had under him. The Chevalier fohnstone says, 
it' the brim c had gone U* '>' 1 e'p and left all to 
Lord Gootrge, he would have found the Crown 
of England on his head When he awoke, tlul 
Murray was looked on with jealousy by many 
who were offended by his manners. Haughty 
and imperious he brooked no interference with 
his decisions. Tall, vigorous, ami energetic, he 
was well titled to command the wild Highland- 
ers, who recognised in him one of themselves, 
lie escaped to France alter Culloden, and died 
in [760, 

(10) Lord Lewis Cordon, a petulant, refrac- 
tory young man. who had beta a midshipman 
in the Royal Navy, was. sou of- the second Duke 
of Gordon, and sided with the II ighlauders soon 
alter the Prince landed, tie Was immediately 
appointed by 1 1. L. 1 1. Lord Lieutenant of Aber- 
deen and Ban hT, and worke d eagerly in these 
counties for the cause of his master. Lord 
Lewis escaped after the battle, and died in 1 7* 5 4 . 

(ri) James 2nd titular Duke of berth, born 
1713, was son of Lord Drummond arid grandson 
of the Earl of berth, who was created Duke by 
James at St. Germains. Bound by every tie to 
die Stuarts, the so-called Luke of berth joined 
Prince Charles in his attempt, and was appointed 
Commandei -in-» hief of the Army, to the indig- 
nation of bold George Murray, who resigned 
his office of Lieut.-General. Charles managed 
10 pacify his Generals, but he trusted the Duke 
of Perth more than the others. The Duke was 
an honourable, gentle, mild -and affectionate 
young man, w hose health unfitted his body, as 
his courteous manners unfitted his temperament 
to take the command of wild undisciplined High' 
landers. lie was skilled in mall /•allies, was a 
lair artist, knew several language , ;i lover of 
literature, fond ol horse-racing, and at Culloden 
rode a bay horse which had won the King's 
Plate at Leith. lbs Standard was carried by 
the Laird of Connie; whose descendant only 
lately kept die inn in that village. After Ci 1- 
lodcn he escaped on board a ship, but died on 
Ins passage to France. 

(12) Neill Maceachan Macdonald had studied 
in a seminary in France, and was conside/cd to 
be an able writer. lie belonged to a branch of 
the ChinranaUls ol Last, and had se rved as a 
I ieutenant in I .ord ( L,ilv ie's regiment in France. 
His son was a Frenchman, Joseph Stephen 
Macdonald, Marshal of France and Duke of 
Ta rent urn. 

( I 2A) James i lepbnrn 1 f Keith, w ho had hated 
Knejand suae the Union, and disliked kings of 
all sorts, was captivated by Prince Charles, and 
raised his sword .on high walking before His 
Royal Highness up the su-ps at Holy rood, when 
the Highlanders took possession of the Palace. 
I le was alwaj s eager for an attack, and bitterly 
ac cused 1 /ord ( leorge for his failure on the 1 5th. 
He escaped to tin Continent, where In- died. 

(i'3) Allan Cameron had served with his regi- 
ment on the man h to Derby, and at Edinburgh 
had saved the life of a British officer. This was 
remembered to his good at his trial. lie was 
recommended t<» mercy and pardoned. 

1141 Lord John Drummond, as he was styled, 
was the younger brother of the Duke of berth. 
He was educated at Douay, and entered the 
bl ench Service, for whii h he raised a Regiment 
of Loyal Scots, and was appointed its Colonel. 
IL- had rather a high opinion, of his own mili- 
tary capabilities, was brave, and devoted to 
Prince Charles, to whom In- bore a remarkable 
resemblance. lie was killed in 174; at Bergen 
I op Zoom. 

(15) John Hay was a Writer, and employed 
as Chief 'Commissariat Officer in the Highland 
! Army, an impossible position amony men who 


| January, [891. 

preferred foraging for themselves. He was a 
busy fellow,, but, ac< ording to the estimate 
formed oi hiin, neglected hiss own business. 

(16) O'Sullivan \\ .is an Irishman, who had 
seryed in France, where he earned some repu- 
tation as a soldier. 1 Le was appointed Standard 
Bearer to Prince diaries, but being too useful a 
man for such .m office, he was appointed Quar- 
termaster General of the Army. 

(17) Hugh, nth Lord Semphill, entered the 
Army in 1709, as Major in the 26th, was Lieut. - 
Colonel in 171M, and Colonel of the 42 d in 1741. 
Me defended Aeth against the French. Trans- 
ferred to the 25th. lie died ai Aberdeen in 
[746, Ins death being occasioned by tin: tendon 
of his arm being penetrated in an operation of 

(18) William Anne, :>d Earl of Albemarle, was 
in the Gold stream Guards. He had his horse 
shot under him ai Dettingen, and was wounded 
at Fontenoy. He commanded the second line 
at Culloden, and after the depai tme of the 1 hike 
ot Cumberland was Commander-in-Chief in 
Scotland. Me was at the battle ot Lat'leldt, 
K.B. and K.G. Lord Chesterfield wrote:— 
"What do you think made our friend Lord Al- 
bemarle Colonel of a Regiment of Guards, (Go- 
vernor of Virginia, Groom of the Stole, Ambas- 
sador to Paris, amounting in all to sixteen or 
seventeen thousand pounds a year? Was it his 
birth? No; a Dutch gentleman only. Was it 
his' estate ? No; he bad none. Was it his 
learning, his pan-., hi-, political abilities and ap 
plication? You can answer these out stums as 
easily and tig wim HS 1 can ask them. W hat 
was it then? Many people wondered but I do 
not; for I know and will tell you. Il was Ins 
air, his address, his manners, his graces. Me 
pleased, and by pleasing la- became a favourite, 
and becoming a favourite became- all that he 
has been since.' 1 Me was an indolent man ot 
pleasure, and was ruined by his Lrenrh mistress. 

(i8.\) Sir John Weddprburn, 5th Baronet of 
Ballindcari, Co. Perth, lived near Dundee, and 
was appointed Collector of Excise for Prince 
Charles. He was taken prisoner after the battle, 
and executed at Kennington Common and his 
title attainted. His sou served as a Comet in 
Ogilvy's regiment. 

(19) 4th Karl of Kilmarnock was tall, slender, 
and dignified. Mis wife's rich aunt, the old 
Countess of Erroll, made him join, and he- led 
his second son with him, his eldest son, Lord 
Boyd, adhering to the Royal party, as a Cap 
tain in the Royals. Ai his trial Kilmarnock 
pleaded poverty, which was true, for an early 
profligate life had led him lino difu Tilth 5 " ( M i 
ginally a Protestant and .1 \\ hi;.-, ho '10 ughl up 
his eldest son in the cause, ol liberty." 

O19A) Glcnbuckel was loo old and afflicted 
I with disease and palsy to 1 ome himself, but was 
J one of the busiest suppoi ters of the Stuart cause. 

, Me had great Courage and determination. Me 
had been Steward to the Duke ol Gordon, and 
1 had obtained ascendancy o\er the Koman La- 
! tholi< tenantry. 

(,20) Moir of Stony wood carried off many un- 
willing recruits to serve with him, and man) of 
these effected their escape when the Regiment 
embarked at Findhora, After the battle, the 
I loss of which he attributed to the obstinacy of 
I I .ord ( leorge Murray, whom he hated, Stonywood 
i escaped 'a. lki< ban, where, disguised as a cob- 
i bier, lu- escaped detection. 
J (21; Gordon of Blelack was liery and impa- 
j tient ; he heartily devoted himself to Prince 
I Charles' cause. During his absence the Minis- 
| ter of Tar-land prayed that "the rebels might be 
scattered and their counsels brought to nought," 
but Mrs. Gordon cried out, " Mow dare you say 
I that when my Charlie i.-> with them !" 

(22) William, 4th Viscount Strathallan, who 
was killed at Culloden, commanded the Perth- 
shire Squadron of Horse. Oliphant of Cask 

I was his Lieut. -Colonel, Maldane of Lanerick his 
j .Major, and Maldane the Younger a Captain. 

Young Laurence Oliphant of Gask was also a 
1 Captain, but was also A.D.C. to Prince Charles, 
I and consequently absent from his corps, though 
I at the end of Culloden lie seems to have made 
I an attempt to rally the Perthshire Horse lound 

the Standard, which he saved from falling, 
j Cr.eine ol Garvock was Lieutenant, and Ro- 
i be it son (| t Muchley, Cornet. John Cra'ine was 
j Adjutant arid [©fin Macnaughton Quartermaster 
J of this little band, which does not seem l<> have 

consisted of more than 70 troopers. 

(23) Lord Kprbes of Pitsligo was 67 \cars of 
age w hen he joined Prince .Charles after l J res : 

I ton. He commanded a well appointed regiment 
I of Aberdeenshire men, and accompanied the 
J Highland army throughout the whole campaign. 

He was attainted as Lord Pitsligo, and attempted 
j to obtain a reversal of the sentence in conse- 
quence of the inaccurate designation. Bui 1'ar- 
| liarnent rejected his appeal, ile wandered 
i about for man\ years in Luehan, sometimes dis_- 
I guising himself as a beggar. Me died in 1702. 
' Mr was a man of considerable attainments and 
i learning, but in his younger days had been an 
1 enthusiast in strange relfgious fancies. Me had 
j a high reputation for his wisdom, virtue and ex- 

I perieiK e. 

! (24) David Lord Lh ho, son of James -|th 
[ Earl of Wemyss and the daughter of Francis 
Chart eris, was an enthusiastic Jacobite, but his 
' zeal overstepped the bounds of reason, and he 
I told Prince Charles on the la id he would see 

r""""" 11 ■— — 


i5 l 

him no more if he did not mala.- another attack, 
[t was too late, but Lord Elcho kept his word. 
He was attainted and died in 1787. 

(25) Arthur Eilphingston, Lord Balmerino, 
served in the Royal Army, but in 1715 joined 
the forces of the Old Chevalier at Sheriffmuir. 
His defence also was poverty— "1 could not 
starve." A most natural brave old fellow. 

(26) Graham of Duntroon, who called himsell 
Viscount Dundee, was the 6th w ho assumed the 
title. He pscaped to France, and died at Dun- 
kirk in 1759. 

(27) The Monblc. \V. Murray was brother to 
Lord Dunmore, and succeeded to the title as 
]a\ Earl of Dunmore. Me obtained a pardon 
and returned to England. Me died in 1756. 

(28) Sir Alexander Barinerman was the third 
Baronet. Me had married a Yorkshire heiress, 
and was: not al liist desirous of implicating him 
self in dangerous designs, but Ins devotion to 
Prince Charles was too much tor his prudence, 
and though he joined the army too late to have 
any command, he accepted service as a private 
gentleman of tin- Bodyguard. 

(29) Robert. Slur ray was a Writer to the Sig- 
net in Edinburgh. 

(30) Robert Strange was Prince Charles' 
" moneyer," and a private gentleman of the 
Bodyguard. After Culloden he returned to 
Edinburgh, where, however, he was well known, 
and sought for. On one occasion he was nearly 
caught, but hid himsell under the capacious pet- 
ticoats of Miss Isabella Lumsden. Me married 
her and prospered in his profession, till Ire be- 
rame the mo.U eminent emoawTot hi^ dav 
and a loyal adherent Hlf George the Third, by 
whom he was knighted. 

(30A) Sir fames Kmlorh, w ho was Lt.-Coloncl 
of the 2nd Battalion of OgHvy's regiment, had 
two brothers, Alexander and Charles, in the 
same corps, who were taken prisoners and ba- 
nished from the kingdom, 

(31) David Lord Qgilvy was son of the- nth 
Earl of Airlie. Me joined Charles with a con- 
siderable body of men. After the battle he 
escaped with many of his followers and formed 
a Regiment of pgilvys m the French Service. 
Me died in 1803. Jle was "a young man oi 
spi ightly parts." 

(32) John Murray ol lirougliton, Prince Charles' 
Secretary, was son of Sir David Murray, and 
brother oi tin: Solicitor General lor Scotland. 
Me met Charles Edward at Rome, and joined 
his cause, assuring him ihat many in Scotland 
were ready to do the same. Charles sent him 
to Scotland to report on the feeling there, and 
he returned with si, enthusiastic an account of 
tin- clans, that he gained over Sullivan and She- 
ridan, who had opposed his \ iew 5, while he <e. ei - 

I ruled the arguments ol Lord George Murray, 
1 who would nut give in. The expedition was 
etttirely owing to Murray, who accompanied 
' Charles throughout. At Edinburgh his wife, 
! the beautiful Mrs. Murray of Brought on, rode 
j wit 1 1 Prince Charles' escort, wearing a white 
! cockade. Murray was taken prisoner after Cul- 
1 loden and sent to the Tower, where he gave im- 
j portant information which led to the capture of 
j the Earl of Traquair and others. Me was par* 
; doned and became ICing's evidence. 

(33) Ranald Macdonald, Chief ol Clanronald, 
was with Prince Charles throughout his expedi- 
tion. He ivas wounded at Culloden, but escaped 
j and went to France, where he was appointed 

A.D.C. to Marshal Saxe. Me died in 1794. 
I (34) Alexander Macdonald of Keppoch joined 
i Prince Charles soon aftei his landing. Me was 
killed at Culloden, and was attainted, but his 
I name having been erroneously given his nephew 
I succeeded to die estates. 

(35) Alastair Macdonnell of Glengarry pre- 
sented an address to Prince Charles signed with 
the blood of the Chief of the clan. Me was pre- 
sent in all the actions fought eluiiny 1745-6, and 
afterwards escaped to France. 

(36) Lord Robert Kerr, son of the Marquis 
of Lothian, entered the Army as a Cornet in the 
11th Dragoons in 1739- Du uas promoted to 
the command ol' the Grenadier Com pan) in the 
4th. Mi: was remarkable for his good looks and 
w inning mannei s. 

(37) Captain Stafford of Pulteney's Regiment 
was 1 wo years later quai tered in Aberdeen, w here 
he was annoyed bythestreel singers. Me there- 
upon collected and bin nt all the Jacobite ballads 
in the town, and said he hoped all the enemies 
of King George would be similarly consumed. 

(38) Moore, afterwards created 1st Marquis 
of Drogheda, Colonel of the Irish Artillery, Go- 
vornor of Meath and Maryborough Casde, K.P., 
General in the Army. Died in 1 82 1 , probabl) 
the last sun ivoi of Culloden. 

I (39) Massey became a General in the Army, 
Marshal of " the Army in Ireland, Governor of 

I Kihnainham. Created Lord Clarissa. Died 1804. 
(40J M'Gillivray of Drumnaglas was named 
by Lady Macintosh of Moy Colour) of the Mac- 
intosh Regiment, in the absence of her husband, 
who wa> mi the side oi ihe Government. Mac- 
intosh had the command a short , time previously 
of a Company in Loudon's regiment, wiw h his 
wife assisted him to raise she going about in 
male clothes to obtain recruits. Porn a Ear- 
quharson she declaied uarinR lor the Stuarts 
when the Prince landed, but her opinions were 
not shared by hci husband. 



[January, 1891. 

r>< > i< 1 > k folk-lore.] 

'I'm ki is a 1 Lirions bit of folk-lore once current 
in YarrOw. It was told Lo me by a man now 
old who was born and lived to manhood ai 
1 >euchar Mill, in \ arrow. 

'/'//.■• Cusltie Poos and the Peeseweeps. 

Langsyne the cushie doo.s built their nests on 
the ground, and the peeseweeps built then nests 
on trees. The cushies were greatly annoyed 
by cattle, horses, and sheep trampling their nests 
and otherwise disturbing them. To get rid of 
this annoyance a great gathering (if cushies was 
convened, when, after much serious deliberation, 
the suggestion of an auld-farrant don," that 
they should try to induce the peeseweeps to ex- 
change nests with them, was adopted. In this 
endeav our, after a good deal of " fleeching," they 
wore successful, and immediately took posses- 
sion ol" new quarters. On getting fairly 
settled down, the cushieswerc so pleased with 
the change that (.hey gave voice to their triumph 
by crying, " Coo-come-noo-coo-00 come noo- 
come noo ; while the peeseweeps, on discover- 
ing how the)' had been victimised, broke out into 
that wild melancholy wail heard upon our mdors, 
pee^ee- weep, pce-ee-we wee']). 

Surely some one with a genius for accounting 
for things must have originated this. 

Cried ( Proclaimed) in one. year and mart ie-d 
in another. 

To he cried in one year and married in an- 
othei is regarded as unlucky. An amusing in- 
stance of tin , belief came under my own obser- 
vation a sheii wlele ago. A \ oung man inti- 
mated to Ins parents his intention to get man led, 
the proclamation ot banns and marriage to be 
at dates mentioned. " What," sharp!) broke in 
the mother, " wad ee be cried in yao year, an' 
married in anithei ? Man, there's naebody dis 
that." The young man was rather taken abai k 
at this, and asked the reason why. but the only 
answer lie could elicit was, " Naebody did it." 
On referring the matter to his intended wife's 
relatives they declared ah-o '* that it warlna dae, 
and that naebody did it." So lie had perforce 
to make other arrangements. 

Marriages in May. 
May, as is well known, says Robed Cham- 
bers, is held asan unlucky month lor marriages, 
ami this superstition likewise existed among the 
Romans. A most remarkable instance of an 
unlucky marriage in Mav occurred in Selkirk 
between two and three years ago. A young 
man who had retired from btisiness as a manu- 
facturer married the daughter oi anothei manu- 
facturer. The marriage took place in the parish 
church, and was attended by a large numbei "I 
the townspeople. The newly married pair soon 

after set ail for America, with the intention to 
settle there. Uut misfortune seems to have 
cjogged their e\ ery step, as w uhin twelve months 
husband, widow, and child weie all dead. And 
judging by the town talk, it all came of being 
married in May, 

Sfi&minq ( or ]Vea/iing) liaivhs in May. 
There is a very stiff prejudice here among 
women against speaning their bairns in Ma)'. I 
once asked a doctor if there was anything in this 
" IVeit. ' lie said there was nothing in it, except 
tin- fact that east winds were generally prevalent 
in May, and that consequently it was better not 
to spean weakly children in M'ay, when easterly 
wind-> prevailed. 
Rubbing a Child* a duns with the Forefinger. 
When bairns are getting teeth, and the gums 
get Ian and painful, .it is dangerous to rub the 
gums with the forefinger, but not with any other 
finger. 1 his was said by way ol warning to a 
young mother,' with a restless child, by an old 
lady deeply versed in bairn lore. 

Marriage Party Meetings a Fttmiaf, 
When a daughter of Lang, of Broadmeadows, 
was married, about four years ago, the < eremony 
was performed in the Episcopal Chapel, Selkirk. 
On the party leaving the Chapel to return home 
they met a funeral. The encounter w as regarded 
as unlucky, and many were the regrets and 
prognostications of e\ il for the young pair in the 
future. A I \ltky I. oof. 

A " yeuky loof," or itching palm, is regarded 
as indicative of coming favours. I heard a 
woman, quite recently, say, u 0d, ma. looPs 
I \eukv Ami surely gaun to get something/' 

Touching ( '011 Id iron. 
I 1 was much amused, not long ago, by the 
action of a little boy to whom 1 had given a 
| walking stick to play with for a short time. On 
\ asking the stick back again from him, he came 
! forward and demanded to "deck pinkies"- [to 
, lock the little fingers]. Hav ing "decked pink- 
ie-, ' w ith him, he then put oik hand on the heel 
\ of his boot, and with a keen triumphant look 
said, "Aha. lad, a\e touched cauld iron, an' ee 
j ( anna gel it back again." This is a £Ood mo- 
1 dern instance of an old mode of clinching a 
! bargain. 

The Cloy d Huntly l.oon. 
During the recent visit of Mr. Gladstone to 
heebies.' Innerleithen, and the Glen, it was re- 
marked in reference to his cutting down a tree 
in the Glen grounds, "Oil, he's a tench yin. 
lie maun surely liae been made o' the clay o' 
i lutilly I oan. v ' The clay of Huntly l*oan is 
famous tor it- " teuchness," and has given rise 
to the saving, used as above " As tench as the 
clay o' Huntly Loan.'' J AM ICS COCKUURN. 

January, [891.] 





No. VII. 

This papei will toe almost more of a Query than 
a Not*:, ami more interesting, perhaps, to an- 
thropologists than antiquarians; but chiefly so 
to [$■] itons in general. 

Five or six years ago, the late eminent R. A. 
Proctor chanced to say (so far as I remember) 
in his journal Knowte.dgf, thai there can be now 
no British blood at all in the Queen, ©r some- 
thing infinitesimal- Thereon 1 wrote, in sub- 
stance, the personal parts of this paper, in refit 

j there' were several Skenes who went to Poland ; 
must came back ; but in MSS. I have seen it 
stated that one remained and founded the family 
of Skenouski; now, I suppose, extinct in Siberia. 

fierr Allied Skene of Brunn was reported to 
me as being of the known type, and said he had 
been told he had "tier Skeniache Nnse. M He 
descends from a Peter Skene from Midinar, in 
1725, through exclusively foreign alliances. 

We have in my family a fine portrait, by Sir 
Pctei Lely, of Katherine Skene of 1 1 all yards, wife 
of Lord Edward Murray (also of Sir Philip An- 
struther). Tin: face is line for line the same as 
that ol her great-nephew, Philip, my great-grand- 
father, ami of my elder sister: save that she has 

talion of his mathematical data ; he primed my : a perpendicular tore-head ; w hereas all later ex- 

amples na< 

lie forehead recedin 

letter (as he did, most frankly, many other con- 
tradictions from me), which will, I trust, be a 

passport to the interest of my present readeis, father, John Skene, born 1625, which belongs to 
and acquit me of the obvious < barge of egotism:.' | :\!,-. \V. Ik Skene, heir of line of his youngest 

(At Pitlour, fife, there is a picture of her 

In 1855, in a shop m Edinburgh, 1 was lo< 
(ng over M'lan's prints of the clans, being in 
kilt, but not of my own tartan, when the book- 
seller held up one, saying, c « That's Skene," 
adding thai, he kne:u him. The title was " Clan 
Donchadh of Mar"-; Mclan (alone. I believe,) 
having so settled that we are Robertsons. I 
could not 

)Ut l)V llKIUH 

at (o 

son ; also of her brother, my ancestor, and his 
wife (daughter of Sir T. Wall. ice of Craigie, 
Bart., sister of the Countess of Melfort and of 
Sir VV. Wallace, generalissimo in Scotland ;) 
these two belonged to Plulip Skene above- 
named, and were left b\ him there in 17.(7, and 
never claimed. I have requested the present 
owner of Pitlour to let me have three pic- 
rathcr stood) for the picture ; but I bought it, | tures photographed at my expense, but he has 

seel, though he expressed a desire to show 
d) was occupied with i them to me should 1 be there. With them I 
' That's a handsome j should be aide to cite 17 authentic portraits in 7 

and had it framed. One day in London, when 
my landlady ( I wa 
lighting the lire, I .-aid " 
fellow, isn't it?" She stalled, and then sun 

if- in, aerial foi 


pered -"Oh, si,- you know -self-praise, dont one of Sir F. Galton's " compound photographs.") 


my motuer w 

English ; and I 

you know f 1 Tins pu. lea me ; ami on 1 nqui 

she explained "My daughter ami 1 halways 1 am cerl;l i n | v fo cr father. My father's mother 
thought it was your potiatt, sir, when you was | wfts i, a if r \Vclsh.half-English'; my grandfathei J s, 

somewhat stouter. 

In 1863, I attended a meeting ot the So 
of Antiquaries in Edinburgh ; alter which 
Fellow to whom I had nodded on eut< 
brought up and introduced a • gentleman, an; 
Aberdeenshire land, (1 forget his name, but 
think it was Robertson,) who said, I knew all j . U| '.j j j J; 
the live Skenes, uncles ol Lord fife, and when I j H . , ]{ 
vmi came in, I could not help saying, ' How 
like, a Skene that gentleman is [' To which my 
friend replied: 'Well, you're more than right, 
for he's not only a Skene, but the Skene'.''" 

I have known a family of Skene, who cannot 
certainly have a common ancestor w ith myseU 
later than the 16th century; yet thej present I 

hall-Irish half-English ; my y Teat-grandfather's, 
pure English. .All before that (1725), pure 
1C I Scottish. I here- is thus, at the very outside (as 
I I make it), only i-i6th of Scottish blood in my 
imposition ; yet, in spite of this, the picture of 
aire Scottish kinsman is taken for my own ; 

ut to show- my nose in Scotland to 
spel led ' as a Skene by a man who 
knew our extinct elder branch! This is quite 
inexplicable, and, as Pro< tor admitted, is one 
more proof of obdurate fact overthrow ing theory. 
The remarkable tiling is this : If lames Skene, 

my grandfather's grandfather, had been a negro, 
would there be an)' trace 'of the black blood in 
Not the slightest : the experience of 

numerous physical characteristics which exist I p (H1 i v , anil) & Cj j s decisive fin that point 5 in oc 
in my ow n lamily. 

A Polishgenlleman mid me he had had a friend 
named Skinowski. who very much resembled 

e --that it was not a Polish name. 


toroons nothing ol the negro comes out, as it 
well might, in accordance with the usual laws of 
atavism -like the lips ot" the Polish princess in 


inerial lice of Austria. It follows, then, 

have come from a foreigner naturalised. Now, {U{[ tb(J Scottish blood asserts itself where the 
— ] I ^ave i^Un5 tp tuvnt up the letter, having no fm'.ex. ! negro does not ; and the individual family type. 



[January, i 891. 

even, as a subdivision of the Scottish blood. 
This may be partly accounted for by the fact 
that the negro brain weighs least, and the Scot- 
tish most, of all brains ; the French being hea- 
vier than the Italian, the English than the 
French, the German than the English, and the 
Scottish the weightiest of all. (From which may 
be deduced vaguely how much Scotland has 
contributed to the foundation of that Greater 
Britain of which so much is said now-a-days.) 
But the persistence of the special Skene type, as 
distinguished from Keiths, Forbeses, and other 
Aberdeenshire families from whom we descend, 
is certainly very remarkable. 

The wonder is, however, somewhat lessened 
when we find that since the Anthropometric 
Service has been instituted in Paris (for crimi- 
nals) it has been discovered that so far -no 
two persons tire, exactly the same in all measure- 
ments ; it fortiori is one family likely to have 
its Own type and proportions. 

The general rule in anthropology is, that the 
offspring often resemble their mother, and even 
their grandmother ; but that this wears out, and 
that the eventual characteristics of the posterity 
are those ol the original paternal type. A few 
sauntcrings through old houses where there are 
family portraits for two or three centuries back 
will suffice to convince of this. (It may be that 
observation of the fact led primitive races to 
abandon the original tracing ol descent through 

the mother the certain, obvious progenitor- in 

favour of that through the hither.) 

But the true solution of this conservation of 
type seems to be given by the new theories ol 
Wcissmauii, which are now so agitating the sci- 
entitic world. (See AW///V, The British Asso- 
ciation, fSi}o,^cc.) From a detailed synopsis by 
Mr. E. Clocld (AOw/rt/^', August, 1890,) I cop) 
the following, which is the kerned of the matter: 
" Heredity .... is -secured by the transference 
from one generation to another of a substance" 
called jrerm-rfiasw, whereof "a small portion 
contained in the parent egg-shell is not used up 
in the construction of the body of the offspring, 
but is reserved unchanged for the format ion oi 
the germ-cells of the follow ing generations. One 
might represent the germ-plasm by the meta- 
phor of a long creeping root-stock from which 
plants arise at intervals, these latter represent- 
ing the individuals of successive generations. 

Parent and offspring resemble one an 

other, not because the parent produces the off- 
spring, but because both arise from the si If same 
substance, which merely develops earlier in the 
parent and later in the offspring. To use a 
transparent metaphor, the father is thus reduced 
to the position of an elder brother of his own 

According to this view, we have ourselves, in 
a real sense, done whatever oui lineal ancestors 
have done; and the populai proverbs, "Hon 
chicn < basse de race " Hon sang ne peut 
mentir," show themselves, as usual, far wiser 
than the one poet's " Stem ma ta quid faciunt?" 
or the other''., 

" Genus, ei protivos, tt qua: non fechnus ipsi. 
Yix en nostra voco. M 

It will become, necessary to reconsider what 
constitutes an Ego, and an Indiv idual. We see 
also the reasonableness ofhereditary monarchy, 
nobility, and even castes, professions, and trades ; 
for, to take a child whose germ plasm (or quid- 
dity % as the schoolmen would say) has been ha- 
bituated for several descents to making pots, 
and teach him tailoring, is, we now see, like tak- 
ing a plant in a p >t and turning the pot round, 
so that the whole business of growing has to be 
recommenced, and the sun sought by new and 
slow efforts. 

1 have shown, 1 y the tacts above recorded, 
that the Skene type is peculiar, and goes with 
the name. To my extreme surprise, 1 find that 
the Duke of Fife though paternally a Duff, is 
in all physical characteristics a Skene ; the 
blood of his great-grandmother, Mary Skene of 
Skene, having apparently been able to establish 
itself as the dominant type of her descendants- 
contrary tO usual rule. 

I hit if that is so, it will probably continue so ; 
hence, should a descendant of hers succeed to 
the Crown, our future kings will be (physically) 

lint il we aie Robertsons We must resemble 
them. The Que 1*5 1 announced in beginning is, 
Does any one feel inclined to "instruct" au- 
thentic portraits of the Struan line, also of the 
Duffs not descended of the Skene*,, so that we 
may arrive at something like certainty on these 
points P 1 For, the Robertsons are certainly of the 
type' of tin- ancient kings of Scots, whose ima- 
ginary effigies are at Holyrood. And, if the 
Skene type is the same, and some clay ascends 

I the Tin one with tiie Duffs, then the original 
type of that old loyal line will have found its 
way back, by a most extraordinary round- 
about route, to the stone of Scone, from which 
it has been absent since the death of Alex- 

I ander 111. ! 

a. r. Skenk. 

1 The salient features of the Skene type are— small cerebel- 
lum great length from chin 10 00 ipul -aquiline nose— tendency 
ti< emaciation and a very peculiar quality of 1 lie e\ e. The line 
port rail of tin Duke of t-'ife in the Graphic Wedding \ T <>. is a 
very good example. Il these characteristics me to lie found in 

I the buffs before their alliance with us, <>f course my contention 

j tails ; but ! do not believe this is .sc. 


January, i 89 i .] 


J 55 

CULLODEN (IV., 128). 
"THE Macdonalds claiming' the right of the 
line, which had been their post, since the days 
of Robert Bruce, Lord George Murray declared | 
that a change was impossible, but he was be- 
lieved to have maintained this view out of favour 
to the Athole men." 

I have read scarcely any history of the battle : 
but I remember a Highlander well versed in the 
subject talking over the matter ; and what he 
said was, that the Macdonalds' place had been 
given to the Stewarts, on account of the Royal 
name: that Lord George Murray, so far from 
being opposed to them, screamed "Macdo- 
nalds, if ye will but charge, I'll change my name 
to Macdonald for the rest o' my days ! : ' but the 
Macdonalds "stood sullen, switching the hea- 
ther with their claymores." I have seen an en- 
graving of a "Captain of Clanrnnald " (this, I 
believe, is the only recognition ol Chieftainship 
in the Register of Arms), where he is entitled 
" Chef des Chefs.''' Whatever be the exact truth 
on these points, it seems clear that any chance 
of victory Prince (diaries Edward had was de- 
stroyed by the Macdonalds. 

I notice that "Sebastian" (though, I presume, 
a soldier- since St. Sebastian was an officer in 
the Guards)— -writes of "the Royals" several 
times. One of the Second Lieutenants of the 
1st Royal Scots, ("commanded by Lieut. 
James St. Clair"), at Culloden was my great- 
grandfather, Philip Skene of Hallyards, /founder 
ofthecityof S ke n esboro ugh , N.Y.), who received 
there a bullet in the head, which rendered him 
deaf in the left ear for the remaining years ot 
his lite he was then _M. 1 have about 460 of lvis 
letters; he often speaks oj his first regiment 
with hlial affection, but always as " the Royal" 
and in one, I think, he protests against " the 
Royal,?." In one-case only, perhaps, can we use 
the s, r. </., "some Grenadiers, some Rifles, and 
some Roy&fo"— r-iit'., "men ol the Royal" -or we 
say " Thunderers " for " men of the Thunderer." 
In one letter he says, "Tins day J fought at 
Culloden do years ago and it is the only one 
of his numerous battles which is thus mentioned. 
He had charge of Lord Bnlrnerino alter the 

There must have been many cases like that 
of Lord Kilmarnock and his son one in one 
army, the other in the other. 1 lad Philip Skene's 
father been living, he would certainly have been 
in the Prince's army; he was a relation of the 
" pale, emaciated Duke of Perth" ; and had been 
in exile with him at St. Cei mains ; was con- 
demned to death in 1710, but pardoned : which 
did not prevent him (I regret to say) joining in 
the rising at GlensHiel, and IVishop Atterbury's 
plot. On the other listnd, a brother (or uncle ?) 

of Lord George Murray, Lord Kdward, had 
married Katherine Skene (if Hallyards, being 
Captain 1st Royal ; through whom, no doubt, 
her nephew, Captain Andrew, and his nephew 
again, Philip, were the sole Hanoverians of our 
ill-starred family. 

Should not " Loudon" lie " Lfirtidown"? My 
mother-in-law was a cousin-gennan oi the last 
countess, who married the Martinis of Hastings; 
and hei- family always spelt '*Loudof/« n ; so 
does the present Karl. A. P. SKENE. 



THERE is a version of this in the Dean of 
Lismore's book, about 1512, which differs very 
much from the later copies. The versions 
mainly followed in the translation are Mac- 
N lead's (c. 1750') arid Hill's (1780). Kennedy's 
version ( 1 774) ' h much altered and interpolated. 

1. OjSWJt— "Tell a tale, Patrick, in honout of 

your reading. Ail- the Fiann ol Krin 1 certainly 

2. Pat. — " 1 will give you piij word, O Ossian of 

great deeds, that neither your fuller, nor 
Oscar, nor Goll are in heaven." 

3. Qss. " III, Patrick, is the tale you tell tome, 

Clerk. WbysfeouUI I he religious if the Fiann 
. oi.Lrin are not in heaven ? 

4. Pat. O Ossian, man ol outrageous wool.-,, is 

that not wicked ? (Jod is better for one hour 
than all die Fiann of Brill." 

5. Oss. ■- " 1 would rather haw one stout battle 

"fought by Linn Ol the Fiann, than die Kurd 

o. i\U, though little he the humming fly, or die 
Mote in the sunbeam, die)' would not come 
under the edge ol the glorious King's shield 
without his knowledge. ? ' a 

7. Oss. — 1 ' Do you think that he is like McC umhail, 

die king thai we had over die Fiann : any 
man on earth might go into his hall 1 without 
asking leave." 

8. Pat. — " O Ossian, long is your slumber : up 

ami listen to the psalms, since you have lost 
yum strength and good -fortune and will never 
fight in '.he day of hard haltle ." 
0. Oss.—* " li I have lost my vigour and good fortune, 
and Finn's battalion 'is' no more, little do [ 
care for your clerkship 5 , and think it worthless 
to hear j our songs," 

10. Pal. " Nevei dul _\uli hear such songs as mine 

from the beginning of the great world till tins 
night. Vou are old ami •foolish and grey- 
headed, you that were wont to reward poets 
on a knoll." 

11. Cm. — " Often have I rewarded poets on a knoll, 

O Patrick of wicked mind ; it is unjust of you 
to mock my appearance, since I did not revile 

12. "1 have heard music above your songs, though 


[January, 1891. 

oiraily you praise your singing -sunn-, ihnt ! 
saddened not the heroes; the .sound of the reed 
among the Order 7 of the Kjana, 
\"\. " When Finn sat upon w knoll we would sing it 
tune to the Order of the Fiann : it would 
bring slumber over the host, and oh ! it was 
sweeter than your singing. 

14. " The little dark thrush ol Glen Sinail, or the 

noise of the bark against the waves : like these i 
were the lames we would sing, and right sweel 
were we and out harps, 

15. "Thirteen hunting dogs had Finn, with which 

we hunted in Glen Sinail: more melodious 
was the baying ol the hounds than your hells, 
pious ( Ilerk. 

16. " What did Finn ever do to God, according to i 

your clergy and your school? One day" he 
would spend in distributing gold, and the next 
in the mirth of his hound's. " 

17. Pat. " for the delight he had in the mirth of 

hounds and in rewarding poeti> B every day, and 
the little reverence he had (or God, Finn of 
the t iann is now in b< >nds, 

18. Osj.— *' Scarcely can I believe thy tale, O Clerk 

with thy white hook, that Finn or any one so 
hospitable should be in captivity eilhei to man i 
or Clod." 

10. Pat. " In hell is he in bonds, the man who was 

wont to distribute gold : on accoui.t ol his dis- 
respect for God he is put in sorrow into the 
house of pain." 

20. ( hs. - " [f the GlaQ Momi were in there, and 

< Ian Baoisgnc 10 of brave men, we would take 
Finn out ol it or make the house our own." 

21. Pat. " The live provinces of Fain in turn, 

thotudi you think them of gr§at avail, would 
not take Finn out, and still less would you 
make the house' yoijr own." 

22. Oss. " \- not hell i:m If a good place, Clerk of 

ample learning? Is it not as good as the 
paiadFe ol CJiftl il deei and dogs are to be 
Ibund in it ? 

23. " I was one day on Sliav lioid, with Caojlte of 

the tempered sword ; Oscar was there, and 
Coll "I the >peais, Donald of the feasts, and 
Ron from the Glen" j Finn ^taeCumhail (stern 
hi* valour), lie was king over ih. 

24. " The three sons of the bigh-kug ol the shields, 

gteat was their desire t<> go a-huntiug.. O 
Patrick of the hoi}- staff, l '~ we would not let 
God be over 11 ■;. 

25. "I would speak of Derinid Q'Duix ne, 13 and; 

FefigUS of sw eetest voire, il you would give me 
leave to mention them, O holy Clerk that 
goest to Koine. " 

26. Pat. " Why should 1 not give you lease to 

mention them, but turn your mind right soon 1 
to God : since you are now at the end of your 
days, cease from your folly, C) grey old man.'* I 

27. Oss. -*" O Patrick, if you give me leave to say a I 

little, will you flol allow me, if (Jod permit's, 
to mention the l'riucc ul the fiann In -I f" 

28. Pat. " I will not giveyou permission, <) wicked 

and grey-haired old man : the son of \laiy is 
belter lor one day than any man thai ever was." 

29. Oss. -" Never was there any man under the sMjn 

so good that he was better than my prince, 
the joyous youth that never refused a poet : 
he WOUld not let God be ovei him." 

30. Pat. " I )o not compare a man to God, grey 

old man . do not think of it ; His power is of 
old, and will endure linn for ever." 

31. Qys. " I would compare Finn of the feasts to 

any man thai ever saw the -1111. lie never 
asked aught from a man, and still less did he 
ever refu>e aught to any one. 

32. " We could lead 1 w en l y -seven battalions of the 

Fiann out on the hill id 1 )i urn ( liar. We would 
not gi\e honour to God or to any prince that 
ever was." 

33. Pitt.- -" Vour twenty-seven battalions of the 

Fiann, you believed not in the God of the 
elements. ( )l your race there is not a man 
remaining, and only the shadow of Ossian is 

34. Oss. •' li was not thai thai destroyed its, but 

Finn's journe) to Rome. Our fighting of the 
Rattle of Gawra—that was the great destruc- 
tion of the Fiann." 14 

35. I\it. "It wa> not that that destroyed you all, 

son o! Finn, your lime is short : listen to 
the saying of the Iving of the poor, ami ask 
heaven for yoursell to-night." 

36. Oss.—* " I will take lo myself the protection of 

the twelve apOStleS this day ; if I have com- 
mitted a great sin, let it be cast out into knoll 
or hillock." 

Noi l.. There are really two ballad-, joined in this. 
Stanzas [-7 belong to the first, and agree with pan of 
tin- Dean ol Lismore's copy. With verse N begins 
the second ballad in a different metre ; il F more 
interesting than the rest ol the other version, and this 
is probabl) why the fusion has taken place. The 
copies differ wide )' in the older ol the verses. 

l at. " the princes of the Fiann of Ki in." 

- at. '• that I .should be religious when the Fiann," \e. 

•< In the I lean oi Lbunore's ami Kennedy's versions Ossian 
asks it Lhey might not gel into heaven without the know ledye of 
God, ami Patrick answers him thus. 

I at. " his piesence." 

» The reference is to the ecclesiastical music. 'Hie words for 
cleric and poet, anil their respective functions, are inseparable 

,; The ineaninq; of this line is somewhat uncertain. 
• 7 " Order " is here use 1 in the saiue way as in the " Order of 
Knights I < mplars " : SO in No. I., st. 47, " Order of Clerics." 

8 " School " in the- original, referring to the schools ol hards in Ireland and Scotland down to a comparatively late 

!l iit. " in hand," and so in the ne\t two v< rses. 

10 Claim Momi are the tribe of which Coll MucMdrnlwjUi 
chief. These killed Cumhal, Finn's father, who \*as head of 
the Claim Baoisgnc. Finn subsequently became reconciled u> 
tin in, and so » !oll among die heroes 0/ Finn. 

II at, " Dermid tV .in the plain, and Fraoch from the glen/' 
or " dull of fu-ts," ffcci 

the crosier 

1 • I let mid i> famous as the sl.ivet of 1 he wild boar. A lai ge 
number of ballads and tales relate to liini. 

14 Finn's thigh was wounded when Osi at mt off (Jarv's head 
above it, and he 'wen! to Koine to gel ii cpied. During his 
absence Cairbre attacked the Fiann iu -he :-;re.u •' K. title of 
Gabhra of the blow s," in which Oscar fell. 

January, 1891.] 




The subject of illustration this month is four 
carved panels which, though taken notice of and 
described by several writers, have never been 
accompanied by art accurate drawing. Oppor- 
tunity has now been taken to lay them before 
readers of .V. N. &* (J. with the following mac : 

In 1827 Logan, the author of the Scottish 
Quel, refers to the panels as a find he had c I i r-> - 
covered in the parish of Ruthven, or " Rivven," 
but states that they were originally the property 
of the Earls of Findlafer. The panels at that 
time formed the doors of an ambry or cupboard, 
ami were placed in a position the)' were evi- 
dently never intended t^ occupy. 

An illustration oi the cupboard, as it existed 
at. Ruthven, shows two of the panels placed 
above the other two, instead ot all being placed 
in line. Sometime after [827 the ambry came 
into the possession ol an Edinburgh gentleman, 
who got the panels Set in an oak cabinet in their 
natural position, and the cabinet by several 
changes came into the possession of i t s present 

So much for the known history ol tin- panels. 
The subject treated on the panels is the offer- 
ings of the Magi, and it is suggested as not im- 
probable that these carvings had originally 
formed the front ol an altar, or occupied the 
separate compartments ot a reredos. 

Keeping in view the statement made b) Logan 
that the carvings Came from Find-later Castle, it 
is further suggested that t.he\ may at one tunc 
have lVinne(i pan ol live l'unwVhings of the old 
Cluir't h of Oivtleiv. The legend "of the three 
kings of Cologne,' or, as they are often referred 
to in old Scotch deeds, the three. kings ol' Culan, 
would suggest an appropriate subject tor the 
adornment ol thai church. 

While t'nis may be so, it is manifest that the 
carvings themselves arc not a home product, but 
are evidently ol foreign workmanship. The 
carvings have been painted over, and although 
admittedly old, no dale has been assigned to 

The initials or letters on each panel have re- 
ceived at U asi three renderings, each of which 
is suftlcienth appropriate to the subject as to 
warrant their be'niy given here. In Logan's 
letter ahead}' referred to, hi- gives Ins opinion 
of tin; letters as follow s ; 

K. Ik F. M . Kix [Jalthazar l-Tlei Minister- King 

Balthazar ssttf \ ing the faith, 
R. M. 1'". T. Mclcheor Fidei Terlax— King 

M. k-lu-or holding the faith. 
K. I. F. .\. krx I achav Fidei Asians King Isach« 

loving tlic faith. 
Keeping in view that on the panel represent- 

ing the mother and child, the letters M. and 
1. II. S. are plated above the respective figures 
wnh the evident intention of denoting the per* 
sons represented, it may be reasonably inferred 
thai ila- letters on the other panels are intended 
10 be descriptive also, and to indicate, not only 
the persons, Ian .also tin: nature of their re- 
spective gifts. In Lhis r .iew the rendering might 

k. M. l\ M. -Rex Balthazar Ferens Myrrham— King 

15. 1I1 liazar I tearing the myri I), 
k. M. V. T.- Rex Melcheor Kerens Thus— King 

Melcheoj hearing the frank inceriSc. 
k. I. V. A. Rex Isachar Kerens Aurum — King 

Ischar I" aring the gold. 

This rendering is most probably the true one, 
lor we know that importance was attached to 
the symbolic meaning ot the gifts presented, no 
less than to the representative ( haracter ot" the 
three kings who are variously regarded as typi- 
cal ol Europe, Asia and Africa, and as likewise 
representative of the Gentiles, the rich and the 
wise. The typical nature 01 the gifts presented 
is embodied in a Latin hymn which has been 
thus translated 

"Saiai.d L. r iu.-> ol mystic meaning, 
Incense (loth the God declare, 
Clultl tin- king of Kings proclaimeth, 
Myrrh Mis sepulchre foreshews. 

The third view is that the letters may have 
been intended to denote w hat the kings said as 
each proferrcd his gift to the infant Saviour, 
ami in this connection Dr. Grub supplies the 
follow ing ingenious interpretation :— 
k. M. K. M.- Recipe lteatv Kill Maria,' -Accept gift) t ) hlcssed .-on uf Mary, 
k. .M. F. T. Receipe . jMaria: F'iliu Tuo— Accept 

(this gift) (.) Mary lor tin son. 
k. 1. ¥. A. Recipe lesu Kill Altissinri— Accept (tin.-, 

gill ) ( ) |esu son of the Highest. 


( Continued from p. </f, Vol. IV.) 
M.\.\\ ot" the old customs ami superstitions 
common in Aberdeenshire some sixty years ago 
were only entered into, or patronised; in a cre- 
dulous way, by the juvenile portion of the com- 
munity. The skirmishes at ilallt w^cn /ires, and 
fortune-telling on b as/i 'mr> \ u b\ the t'gjf-i listing 
process, had keen relegated to the young, and 
customs of a loyal and' pan iotic character, par- 
taken in b) their elders, wore much different 
from the political demonstrations of the present 
day. The change in manners, customs, and 
everything else-, within tin- briel period referred 
to. has been so great, that to the rising genera- 
lion any description of the condition of things 


[January, [891 

then seems to them to partake of the doubtful 
character o( ancient history. From" my own 
memory and past observation I am only able to 
contribute in a small way i<> .1 subject ol thi.^ 
kind ; and the little that used to be known ol' 
the same, at a not very distant time, 1-. now only 
occasionally referred to by a few. 

Cheap and w holesome literal arc has given 
the death-blow to the old .stories about Kilpics, 
Bhywnies, dairies, XVill-o-the-'ivisps^ and Msr- 
//idids, ('at least in the lowlands of Aberdeen- 
shire,) and are only indistinctly known to the 
young o( the present day. 

The old observance of HallowJcn^ b) kindling 
a. (ire on some conspicuous place in a locality, 
used to be entered into with considerable spirit 
and enjoyment by boy:-, and the taking or de- 
stroying of such fires by bands of boys from 
different localities, was often .1 hazardous under- 
taking", and some victories of this kind were not 
soon forgotten. 

The method of attack was by approaching 
the opposite tire stealthily, armed with stieks, 
and caps or bonnets filled with stones ; a rush 
was made on the' weakesl point desirable, and 
on the dispersion of the attacked parly the lire 
was destroyed, and tin- victors lived burning 
peats on pointed sticks and returned in triumph 
to their own gn nind. 

A return visit was seldom made by the de- 
feated company, and the victors enjoyed them- 
selves by dancjng round their own bright tire, 
congratulating themselves on their victory. 

Those who were not disposed to take part in 
such adventures amn-ed themselves b) observ- 
ing the old custom of pt/ifi 1 their /!./.'.' s(> > /w, 
dipping toi apples floating in a tub, or taking 
pan in other iudooi amusements. 

In small towns and villages the material for 
the 1 lallow-lirc was begged from door to door, 
the usual address to the inmates being --'* I Mease 
gi'c's a peat t' Oor fire," which was seldom re- 
fused ; il it was, the lejoinder was newer eom- 
pl'inn. ntary. 


Fastcrne'eh, or Shrove Tuesday, w hich is now 
little observed, was at a not very distant time 
punctually kept? and was always a favourite 
feast day with the young, btwst\ suturf? 

btinflockS) and the custtti' <>' the tg%'& (an mild 
cantrip), had all their own attractions foi the 
young, both male and female; and the volun- 
teered service offered by some old female 
friend of the family to read fortunes by the egg- 
casting process was always chccrfull) accepted. 

Theniethod of procedure in tin. custom wa 
simple:- A number of crystal tumblers were 
provided, corresponding to the number of th ise 
wishing to have their fortunes told. These had 

to I).- tilled with pure spring water, which being 
dour, the process commenced by one of the 
most anxious of the female sex presenting an 

egg lo the fortune teller, who cautiously (.hips it 

on the edge of the tumbler, and by a dexterous 
movement separates the yolk of the egg from 

the white, dropping tlx- latter into tin.' tumbler, 
and preserving the yolk to be used in the coin- 
1 posing of the saittie bannocks. The white of the 
' egg thus dropped into the water takes different 
j forms in each glass, this depending in i m< 
■ measure on the way by which it is dropped in. 
I The females had tin.- privilege of getting their 
j fortunes told tii a. the them.; being sweethearts 
and marriage; the young male portion of the 
company coming next, gave more scope to the 
I lam ) and inventive faculties of the old lad) as 
1 to tlu ir probable success in life in various pro- 
I fessions. This performance was al ways entered 
into before sunset. After the contents had been 
allowed io settle in the glass, it was held before 
I the window to show to all tin. form it had taken, 
and the auld body kent well how. to make her 
I communications agreeable. 

" See noo," she would say, *' there's a bounic 
Ship in the glass, full.-riggcd and flags flying ; 
tin; captain and the crew on duck, a bricht sky 
aboon, and a lair win' bringin' diem a' sate h.une. 
Ye'll be a captain some day, ma bonnie bairn, 
an' sail on monyfnr-awa' seas, an' see inony 
strange faces an' foreign Inn's.' 

Soldiers ami surgeons, prea< hers and tca( ti- 
ers, followed - each other m quick succession, all 
applicants receiving a sketch, of their future hie, 
which common]) gave satisfaction. 

Anodiei custom winch has now become obso- 
lete, and proscribed by special enactment, wa-" 
a well known institution in the early years ol the 
present century, and came under the special 
patronage of the schoolmaster! Shrove Tues- 
day being held a- a holiday, such of the scholars 
as could procure fighting cocks w ere requested 
to bring them up to form a main, over which the 
master acted as judge and referee, and to whom 
the; puggie cocks were given, and known as 
the dom/me's fierqtiisite. So far as 1 can learn 
this custom ceased to be ob ;en ed in the Bui ban 
district of Aberdee'nshirc about the year [810, 

Gtty Fmvki'i Day" had at one time been ge- 
nerally observed over England and Scotland; 
it is now seldom referred to except b\ those who 
rcmeml >er the old rhyme 
" The l-'iuh «.f \ow iiu\ i- s!i;ill never he forgot 
So loiu; ,is m « > 1 1 renwnvher Hits < riinpi w ha [Hot. M 
A parody or imitation of this 1 ustom came 
iiHo fashmu .ifn r the victor) of Waterloo, and 
was known as the Hfowi/ig ' itf> of Boiinypairty. 
It came wholly under the maoa gejnent oj the 
younger members of a community. A figure to 

January 1891.] 



represent the " Little Corporal " was made up 
of old clothes stuffed with straw, which was 
Carried through the streets by a band oi boys, \ 
begging for penrties to blow up Bojifiyfiiiirfy. i 
These were readily given, and what w;i* got was 
spent on ammunition, and, to some extent, by 
the purse-holders on candy and penny pies- 
The last display of this kind which I can re- ; 
member came oti on the anniversary 01 W ater- 
loo, 1826. Mormon i). 


( Continued front />. //o, Vol. 
\ . 

jjg. John Sentple : martyred Covenanter, o. l£lding« 
ton, Dailly, (1050), d. u>So. 

94. Sir Wm. Cunningham , Hart.: Presbyterian 
leader, and sufferer : for sympathising with the 
Covenanters, he was fined severely and then imprisoned 
1O65 : released [669. . b, Cunninghamhead, Dreg- 
hoin ( 1 6 j 1 ) d. i6jto. 

95. Darid I-aitiiy: martyred Covenanter. Shot 
without trial by ( funeral I >alziel 1 1667) because he did 
not giv« satisfactory answers to questions concerning 
those present at the L'enlland Uising. li. N'ewmilns, 
inartyred 1007. 

96. Maltlu u> J'aion : martyred Covenanter, hanged 
at Glasgow for being concerned in the l'enlland 
Rising, [9th Dec., 1666. A shoemaker in Newmilns 

07. John A'wav. - martyr, executed al Edinburgh 
7th Dec, [666, asa rebel spy taken in the Penlland 
Rising. /', Mauddine, 

os. John ////'.'('/.•.• Covenanter, executed at Ed in- 
Ut»if>h ioi hi \ -.haw m ihv tVniland Ruing 2211 1 1 \ c, 
1000. /. kilmums. 

00. Gt'Oi^t 1 '/ .o'i '/i'Iii : Covenanter, executed al 
Edinburgh lot hi-, part in the Penlland Rising, 1666. 
Wockow says, -Mve was so pleased to die, that he 
pressed to he up tin- ladder, and wh< n upon the lop 
of it triumphed in Christ," (>. Cumnock, hanged 1 th 
Dec. 1666. 

ioj. Ralph Shield : Cuvojianlef, hanged ai Kdin- 
burgll lor his share in the Pentlaud Rising, 22nd DeC. 
1 666. (i. Ayr ? 

tot. Alexander Cunningham : Scholar and Critic. 
1 679 Regent, h.din. I ' niv. , and taught Humanity and 
I'lii!osoj)ii\ 16S0. lie then became lutor to the 
family of the D, of Queensberry, by whose inlluenee 
lu. was appointed Prof, of ( i\il Law in lulinburgh, 
hut he never taught. Superseded I 7 10, he settled in 

Holland, where*,' 1 7 _! i , he published an edition of 
Horace, in which lie grossed' swords with lientley not 
unsuceessfuKy. Son ol minister of Cumnock, /'. 

D«5jh W> 

102. Gilbert .J/< M'uliiny. Covenanter, outlawed 
lor huing.' at liothwell tiflg, and lived f.r years in 
conccahm nt. lu w as | n oj .1 i. 1 or of K i ! St . Xii.ians. 
Adventures narrated in Dr. Simjjson's Covenanters 0/ 
the .South. lh Colnjoiiidl , 1 647 , W. 17 51. 

103. fames AV.v/w : martyred Covenanter, executed j 
at the Howgateliead, Glasgow, J>th June, 16^4. Last | 

S;n'e< h and 'I estimony in " Cloud of Witnesses." /'. 
Loudon, d. 10S |. 

104. William Haillie: successful Edinburgh 
merchant, f ounded a county family. Kilwinning 
1656, d. 17 jo. 

105. I /10/nas Mellaijie: man) red Covenanter, 
taken out "! his bed, and ihough sick >>l a fever, shot 
hv Captain Hruce 1685. A native ol Largs* Slraiton 

100, fames Dunn and Robert Dunn; ' mc- 

nanters, brothers who were martyred at Caldunes, 
Mrhnigali", 1685. Class, Ciunnock, 

108. I ''avid Dunn : martyred Covenanter, hanged 
at Cum'nock in 1685. b. Cumnock. 

id). Margaret Dunn : martyred in the moors 
along with Marion Cameron, the sister of the famous 
leader ol tie- persecuted party. The bodies of the two 
young women were interred in the moss of Daljig, 
ami more than a century after were discovered in a 
good state of preservation: shot 1685. 0. Glass, 

I IllllUK ick. 

110. J>Jin broji'/t, "The Christian Carrier," a 
men: boy in /O02 when tin.- 300 presbyterian ministers 
were deposed in one day for attachment to the Cove- 
nant, he was old) a youth ai the time of the Pentland 
Rising, and consequently had no concern in that 
affair. 1 hi vim; also been I from Drumclog and 
Bothwell, he could evade with ease the ensnaring 
questions ihal every traveller was then required to 
answer, by which means he passed through the 
country unmolested, and was the organ ol communi- 
cation between the heads of the Covenanting party. 
Brown was educated for the ministry, but gave over 
his studies on account of .a difficulty he had in speak- 
ing before stranger* • He^was cruelly murdered by 
Cfaverhouse, 30th April, 1.685. Muirkirk? (1651), 
d. 10S5. 

111. /. '. '.•/ /•..'.■: .' Martyred Covenanter, executed 
ai the el, lUlinbuVgh, 1.5th Deremner, 1682. 
Last speech and testimony given in •* Cloud ol Wit* 
iilsms." /'. Muiiside? Kilmarnock. 

1 1 j. Mrv M'Clymout. Mrs, Smith: Martyred 
along with her husband, William Smith, in 1 685. /'. 
Cairushin Muu, 1 )aimellinglon. 

ii-;. Roger Dunn : Covenanter. His exploits 
narrated in Simpson's Covenanters of the South. l>. 
Ikniui. Dahuellington, 1059 (1099). 

114, John Nesbit, the younger", son of Hardhill : 
< "o\ enauler, arrested as a rebel 16S ^, and hanged at 
Kilmarnock 14th April, 1683. He behaved with 
great intrepi lily on the scaffold, b. Loudon 1001, 
1 683. 

115. David Hoj li , js: II. Glasgow: active poli- 
tician. M.I'. Buteshire 1689, privy coiincilloi 11)07. 
Cr< tied l."ol lioyle 1699, K. oi Glasgow 1700; 
appointed Treasurer- Depute, ami in 1700 Commis- 
sioner io the Cleneral /Vssembly ; active in support of 
Hanoverian family 1715. </'• 1720. b. Kelburne, 
Lajfgs ? (1660), <t. 1 7J0. 

tii). William Hamilton of Gilbert field ; minor 
poet, friend of Ramsay ; entered army, hut returned 
to Scotland with rank of Lieutenant only, an I .settled 
at Gilbert field, t ainbuslang. Author of many songs 
and rhyming epistles; abri gjed and transferred to 


[January, 1891. 

modern Scottish dialect Blind Harry's "Wallace," 
published 172.2. The song, '.'Willie was a wanton 
wag," is hv him. i>. Ladylands, near Kilwinning 
(j 665), ,/. iff*. 

117. William Hamilton, yrd Lord Barge ny : 
public man, opposed to the Union with England. /'. 
Hargenyj Dai 1 1 y (1664), d. 1712. 

118. Robert Cunningham of Auchenharvie : built 
Saltcoats [larkntr and greatly improved his estate.-, 
there, b. Stewarton. d, 1715. 

119. Hugh Campbell, ?rd E. of Loudoun, Privy 
Councillor 1697; Ext*. Lord of Session 1097; k.T. 
and Commissioner of Treasury 1701 ; foinl Secretary 
of State 1705 ; Commissioner of ihe Union and 
Keeper of the Great Seal of Scotland 1706 ; behaved 
gallantly ai Sheriffinnir 1715 ; Commissioner to 
General Assembly 1722 and following years; /'. 
Loudoun ( (66 ), d. 1731. 

120. James Howie: Covenanter, ancestor of 
author o? Scots AVorthies. Ilis adventures are nar- 
rated in some editions ol that hook. /<. Lochgoin, 
Fen wick, 1665, J. 1755. 

121. James Macrae : Governor of Madras, and one 
of the first of the Scottish Indian Nabobs. Wodrow 
in his Analecta makes him a native ol Saltcoats or 
Stewarton, hut he is also alleged to have been a 
native of Ochiltree and ol Greenock. Wherever he 
was horn, he was soon left an orphan, and his mother 
removed to Ayi with her son. Here he went to sea, 
and altera time turned up in India, where it is said 
lie remained lor 40 years. In 1720 lie is sent as 
Captain Macrae on a special mission to the English 
settlements on the West Coast of Sumatra to reform 
the abuses prevalent there. Succeeding here in 
effecting great reforms, which resulted in savings to 
the amount ol ^2^,000 per annum, lie was promoted 
to he the Deputy Governor of Fort St. David, and 

lor his political tergiversations in ihe reign of King 
William and Queen Amu. lie wrote "Memoirs," 
containing his secret transactions and negotiations in 
Scotland, England, the Courts of Vienna Hanover, 
&C, 1726. /'. I'ergiishill [674,//. 1726. 

123, Aitdrmo Michael Rantspy: "The "Chevalier," 
son of a hake r. Educated at Ayr, Edinburgh, and 
Lcyden ; converted to Catholicism hy hem Ion ; 
made preceptor to the Prince Turcnne, and after- 
wards to ihe Pretender's two sons at Rome, a position 
he soon lost through intrigue. Works : — -*' La Vic 
ile .M. Fcnclou ' ; ; " E »sai sin le ( iou\ ernement Civil" ; 
" Le Psychometre, 011 deflexions sin les dtfferens 
characteres de 1'Esprit, par un milord Anglais"; 
" Les Voyages de Cyrus" ; " Poems Edin.," 172S ; 
"Plan of Education for a Voting Prince," 1732; 
" L'Histoirt de M. Turcnne," 17.55 • " Philosophical 
Principles of Natural and Revealed Religion," 2 vols., 
1749; " Poemata Sacra," 1753. b. 9th June, 1GS6, 



Culloden (IV., No. f5).— James Rattray of 
the Athole Regiment was not of Cargulzion but 
of Ranagulzion. ;i place nut far from the Spittal 
of Glenshee. He was the Marquis of Tullibar- 
dine's Major. Robertson of Fascally was a 
Lieut. -Colonel. Robertson of filairfeltie and 
Stewart of Kymachen, the latter killed, were 
also Majors. ' M. M. 

496. Cathedral of St. Magnus.— Hugh Miller 
visited the Cathedral of St. Magnus when at Kirk- 
walk In his "Rambles of a Geologist " he writes :■ 
"I was shown an. opening in the masonry, rather 
thus stood next to the Governor of Eori George at j more than man's height Irom ihe il ■. ihat marked 


El wick 

o held thai post, hiving 
unexpectedly retired, Mi. Macrae, ihe quondam son 
ol the poor Ayr washerwoman, became Head of ihe 
British Power in the East in January 1 724. Em- 
phatically a commercial governor, and a laborious 
administrative reformer, he proved a valuable servant 
to the Company. Among the most important events 
of his governorship was the reorganisation of the 

where a stpiare nar 
of the wall, had he, 
And in the cell l hen 
middle of the roof i 
barley-bread attach, 
hit of bread have m 



■tS w 

:h th 

•Id the 

the I oll tie 

men 1 
k eflk 

present High Court, of fudicature. Mr. Macrae's | Cathedi 
government lasted lill 14th May, 1730, when hew 
succeeded b\ ( ieorge Mi 
home a fortune ol £l0 

estates in Ayrshire, and enriched the family ol 
cousin who had married a penniless fiddle 
M'Guire. The daughters of this family all 
into the ino^t aristocratic families in Scotland. The 
statue of Willi. mi ol' Orange at Glasgow Cross is a 
gift ol Governor Macrae. He was horn (1671), and 
died ( 1 746). 

122. John Ker of Kivsjand^ jic Craicfurd of \ oy carry of! 
fiergushill; Diplomatist Wrote memoirs of his neighbouring 
life. He assumed the name of Ker on his marriage j 
with Anna, the younger sister of Major Daniel Ker ■ 
of Kersland, a noted Covenantee who was kil en in 

ell, formed in the thickness 
d open a tew years before. 
■ found depending from the 
v iron chain, with a hit of 
check What could the chain and 
meant ? I lad they dangled in the 
.ome northern Ugolino? or did they 
k narrow cell, without air-hole or 
• me ol ihe reserve terrors of the 
ii in bending to the authority of the 

Church the rebellious monk or refractory nun?" ('an 
n Pitt, Esq,. He hiought any of jour readers give me any other explanation ? 
16, witli which he bought ( [ s this the onl) '•cell" of the kind that ha- yet been 
liscovered ? ' II in; 11 G. MARTIN, 

ined I 497. The LwwiNfi ok a Uaen Pi , n <ni.--A 
curious custom, fret or cantrip, was sometimes prac- 
tised in Bucjian up till 'lie beginning of the present 
century. When a tenant was toeing pm out of his 
farm against his will, the last time he was ploughing, 
he drove his plough with all the earth it would hold 
farm, and unyoked it on some 
1. Certain -pots were supposed id 
irable, such as a "G weed man's croft." It was 
I, and believed, thai another tenant nor 
urn ot tenants would ever thrive, nor a 

1692 at the battle of Steinkirk. 1 le w 


>le I whole lease on ihe farm from which the plough was 

January, [891.] 



taken. ■ It was just like slinking the dust off oile's Kiltarlity, Inverness, who was "ground officer" to 
feet for a protest. There is one farm jn my own Simon Krasefe ol Loval after 1761, in whicji year he 
neighbourhood where this, frejt was said to have been was sponsoi al a baptism at Kiltarlity, nil I be re- 
performed, and several tenants failed to succeed on ii ceived with thanks by his great grandson, Edmund 
during the firsl half "I the century. And 1 can re- Kraser ol New Crosa, London, I subjoin a rough 

ruber old people shakm 

In r 

'• Nobody would ever sit a w hole 
the second half has proved that the prediction was I 
false. As 1 have never in my reading seen Lhis i 
superstitious rite mentioned, can any of your readers 
tell me if It was practised in other parts of Scotland, 
or il it i-> indigenous only to Buchan ? 

Atherb, Maud. JoiIN Mii.nk. 

498. TlIK HeRSEY FAMILY. -Can anyone oblige 1 
by information as to Th'eophilus Ilearsey who, with | 
his brother Stephen, was a Jacobite and '"out in the > 
'45," with proof of connection t ; C. M. Ilearsey, who 
gave her name to the families ol Gavin, Baiftl, 1 Mam- j 
mond, \.c. , &c , ? I he following may he taken as an 
unverified Pedigree of the family who from Ilercy 1 
(1199) \aiies in spelling r..N times, e.g., Ilearsey, 
Hensie, Hersey, &c, &c, 


11 — ^ . • > 

and saying • Pedigree <<( I'rasers, out from [villarhty Re- 
: there," but gisters :-- 

1^ ~ M 

H I! 


~ CI 

- fl 




Vaveller's Gi 
Scotland,*' 1 
I here are 1 
rati v 

499. Tilt [ ,v RA*KRii ' 

formation as to Donald 

VR.J i I Y 
alias " 

1 >o\\ 

I possess an old book entitled 
or a Topographical 1 >escrip- 
' printed in Edinburgh in the year 

e main curious things contained in 
he Customs of Ijygorte limes, some of 
rod for reflection and comparison 
of modern society— some for better 
ie. in the description given of the 
1- parish Kskdalemuir, in the county of Dumfries, 
j mention is made ol a marriage custom how obsolete 
j (I should think) throughout Scotland. " formerly a 
in ' lair was held annually on a piece ol ground where the 
of I Black and W hin, l'sks meet. At thai fair il was the 

tion ol 


! It, lllust 

j them affording 
! w ith the pra'cti 
and some foi w 


[January, 1891. 

custom fot unmarried persons to choose a companion, 
with whom they lived till the return of the fair : this 
was called hcituljistintf, or hand-in-fist. Il they then 
agreed to continue the connection the marriage was 
confirmed bya priest, to whom the) gave the name 
of ' Hook V \i: bosom,' probably because lie carried 
in his Ix:>s6>m either a bible or a registei of marriages, 
If cither parly was dissatisfied, botib made a new 
clc.icc, leaving the child, if any, to the charge of the 
parly resiling!" It would be interesting t<> know il 
this statement rests upon good historical evidence, 
ami i! a similar marriage custom obtained anywhere 
else in Scotland, in pre- reformation limes; 

Carnoustie. J 1 » 1 1 .N CarUIK. 

501. LRSI.IKS OF PlNDRASSJR. — Could any one 

tell me il" this family is extinct, and, if not, who are 
the present representatives ofit? 1'. M. II. 

502. Leslies op Burdshank. I should fed 
obliged ifanyof-your readers Could inform me il this 
family i-, still in existence ? ' ' 1'. M. II. 

503. Captain Caroline Scott (Culkodrn). — 
This officer, w ithout any form of trial, hanged al Harra 
a man of the name of MacLean, who was considered 
to he one of the handsomest men in the Highlands, 

The manner of the execution was this: lie made 
MacLean stand on a creel, or wicker basket, and 
having Listened a ropC to some part of the roof of 
the house, and put it ahoul the man's neck, the creel 
was pushed from beneath hi.-, feet. This minder, in 
cold hlood. was perpetrated in the presence of the 
mother of the person murdered. Maid. van had been 
in the Buttle of Ctfllwden, and was found in the High- 
land garb. The same Scot! whipped Lochiel's gar- 
dener to death in the- act of endeavouring to force him 
to discover where he and another man had concealed 
the family plate. ThVsc anecdotes were related on 

the W'c-t < 'oast Hi is^>, by persons who knew the 
ciicumst.iuces. W ho was Cajwain Caroline Scon ? 

M. M. 


433. The Js'ewton Stone (IV., 171. There are 
two sculptured standing stones, seven feel apart, al 
Newton House. They weie hlOUghl flOHI the Muir 

of I'ttmachie many years ago, and sel up in their 
presenl position- 'me ol them is aboul seven feet 
high, and has a set ol inysterious incised symbols 
carved on it. These consist ol a double disc, having 
a serpent crossed by a bent rod beneath it, both 
figures being slightly ornamented. The chief interest, 
however, centres in the olhei slab, which IS about six 
and a half leet high. It is known all ovei the 
archaeological world, and the endeavour to elucidate 
its double alphabet is said to " have tinned many a 
soundhead crazy..'' The principal inscription is on 
the lace of the stone, w hits* an ogham inscription runs 
along the edge of it The oghams are a set of primi- 
tive markings oj a pu tt\ well recognised value, run- 
ning through or placed above or below a sti m line. 

433. Tin: Xi.\\ ii>.\ Stoxk (IV., 17, 39)> The 
following extract from Historic Scenes in . 'be/deen- 
shire, by John bulloch, may save lt G. I! .V time 

in hunting up the various sources of information as to 
' the inscription on the Newton Stone :- 

I "The inscription on Che fade consists of forty-six 
i letters, in .sis unequal lines, while that on the edge 
I consists of a series of oghams quite common on Irish 
I pillar stones." 

The laie Mi. Thomson, «<f lianchory, had it photo- 
. graphedj distributing impressions among the most 
\ eminent scholars both of this country and of Europe. 
I The result ol their various interpretations Mr. Thom- 
son communicated in a paper read before the Society 
ol \ntiquaries, 1864. 

Dr, Davis, of Florence, and Dr. Mill, of Cain - 
I bridge, without agreeing in their translations, declared 
ii io be Phcenicictn. Dr. Mill concluded that it com- 
memorated an offering to lishmun, ihe Syrian Kscu- 
lapius. When Dr. Mill's paper was read at the 
British Association held at Cambridge in 1S02, Mr. 
Thomas Wright declared il to be Latin written in a 
debased character ; while Simonides, with equal 
confidence, read it as Greeks giving (he same transla- 
tion as Mi Wright. A learned I'adre al Koine pro- 
nounced it to be Celtic. At Milan, Ceriani, the 
librarian of ihe Ambro.sian, declared it to be 
Palmy rem. The Academy of Turin, after due 
consideration, pronounced it to be the work of a 
wag. A Dr. Moore, in a notice in Notes and Queries, 
made it out to be Hebrew j and Mr. J. K. Brown 
made il out to be EgyptO- Arabian. That the stone- 
lias a monumental and commemorative character is 
borne out by all the translations; ami this is further 
confirm) d by the fact that several graves have been 
found in its vicinity. 

The following are ihe translations in order : — 

I. Phcenkian y by Dr. Mill— 

"To l'.-hmun. God of Health, b\ this monumental 
stone m.n the wandering Kxile of me, thy 
servant, go up in neverceasiug memorial; even 
ihe ice ml of Man Thanet Zenaniah, Magistrate, 
who is saturated with sorrow.'" 

II. Pruvnician, by Dr. Davis— 

A monument is placed [here]. May the memory of 
the departed prove a blessing. lie fell in this 
solitary place and lay pro.sliale. Guard (the 
grave of] Atal'than, son of 1'azaeli fa man of] 
renown. Behold mother lamenting the treacherous 
calamity the) have inflicted en her for him].*' 

I I I. ( V//7< , b\ the Roman I'adre 

"boundary of the Royal Field, the all powerful <> 
A rem in (doubtful), ibis stone (erected) a flock 
sheep (he placed on the domain)." 

IV. /.a t>'n, by Mr. Wright ; Greek t by Simonides 

" I lei'.- lies Constantinus, the son ol 

V. Hebrew, by Dr. Moore — 

"Silently 1 res: in [he tomb ; Ab'Mam-howha. [father 
ol a perverse people] is the home of splendour. 
From the mouth (01 doctrine) ol Nesfter my life 
was an overflowing vessel ; my wisdom was my 


I 'Ihe author ol this ihlerpfetation suggests a new 
! field of interest w hen he -tales his convicti6n that the 
stone hail bee'n "erected to the memory ol a [[clirew 
j Buddhist missionary of some influence in pre-historic 
' Scotland." 

January, 1891.] 



VI. Egypto-AraUan by Mr. Brown: — 
ATHoTHA Athothes 
ASDoTH-DIMUM [Lord of] Asdolh-Dimon 

AIOLO-SOCO ■ - Prince of Socoh 

SaRKHaRa-ELIPHI - Superintendenl of Kliphi 
AMeNoPHl Amenophis 
LoUOUT'-SaTHaR Light of the morning star 

N il. Dr. Joseph Anderson, who 1ms of all men a 
right i" speak and a claim in he Keard on Midi a 
subject, submits thai that inscription is in debased 
Latin forms, and belongs to the seventh and eighth 
centuries. With a high degree of plausibility he 

reads the inscription thus: -FOKTRENVS DlGOLO- 
YOCltvs, Nrcsi FiLIVS Sll-OQOVNi k [equiseit], which, 
being interpreted, means- -" Kortrenus Digolouoceiis, 
the sun of NesuS, rests here iii peace (silence). 

VIII. The latest atlempl to decipher the inscrut- 
able inscription on the Newton Stone is by the Karl 
of Sou 1, who is a most accomplished scholar, 
literateur, ami antiquary. Alter premising thai the 
main inscription has been variously attributed to be 
Chaldean, Phoenecian, bactriao, ArabTSgypliani, &c, 
his Lordship, by an ex-tensive collating oi alphabets, 
comes to the conclusion thai the letters 4 re old Irish 
Greek characters of the fourth to the sixth century, 
A.D. The inscription he beli< ves to he an invocation 
to the supreme God the Lord Tetragrammaton in the 
pantheistic spirit of the later Mithraisin. In this 
respect his Lordship differs from the general view 
that the inscription is rftonumcntal or commemorative, 
lie translate.-; it thus :- - 

Ada or Lie, daughter of Fotar, of the race of the 
sons ol I'osk [i.e. , Unas, or Dionysius, or Osiris). 
Lord of Light, El and Isi (i.e., Father and Mother 

ol' Nature conjoined). 
Oromazdcs, l ather of the Word. 

CiKOtUJI GtBUiSTANK (IV., 57). Thi infor- 
mation asked will pronnbl) he found in Volume 11. 
ol I fodrow'* Collections, published by the MaitlafiUl 
Club in 1834-35. S i . A. 

456. Sik LeonarI) IIai.liday (I\'., 58, 79, 99). 
— As no further Information has been brought to 
bear on thi-, query., 1 venture to add another item of 
evidence in support of my contention that Sii Leonard 
Halliday never was Loid Mayor of London. It is 
from Francis Xicol's Noldlity of England, 7 1 1 1 edition, 
to the year 1731, Part 1., page 219. There is given 
the descent of William Montague, 2nd Duke of 
Manchester. His ancestor was created Karl of 
Manchester at the Coronation of Charles I. in 1625, 
ami his second wife was Anne', daughter and co-heir 
of William Wincott of Langham, and widow of Sir 
Leonard. Halliday, Kl., described as 'Atderinati of the 
City of London. It seem.-, very strange that Sir 
Leonard's title to the office of Lord Mayor should 
thus he disallowed, for Nicol's work usually mentions 
such and such a one as "formerly Lord Mayor of 
London." But it should not be difficult to settle the 
question, lor it does not belong to very am ienl history. 

Aberdeen. Wii 1.1 am Re1I). 

491. LlE (IV., 141). This word is found in the 
older charte.s usually written Lye. It is said to 
stand for lege — read, g and y having keen written at 

(one time almost alike, thus — Lege (Lye),j/vW (in 

1 Scottish) so and so. i). s. 

3 St. Allan's Place, 1 la;, market, S.W. 
494. SKA'tON (IV., [41). In the absence of 

! information, 1 would suggest that the Rev. Alexander 
Scion, minister oi Leochel about A.D. 1700, was one 

1 of the last «.l the Setons of Scheihim Several of that 
family seem to have been ministers (probably Episco- 
palians), and the name occur.-, frequently, say, about 
1650. Schethin was then a liamny. Any in forma - 

I tion as to the beginning and end ol thi, extinct family 
would be acceptable. * |j. S. 

3 St. Alkali's Place, Ha) market, S.W. 


The Lord Rectors of the Universities of Aber~ 
deen, by J. Malcolm Bulloch, M.A. I.). 
Wyllie ^ Son, Aberdeen. 53 pp., 200 copies. 
To every University man who has the interests 
of the students .a heart this pamphlet, from 
the author s industrious and fa< ile pen, will 
prove right welcome, more especially as it op- 
portunely appears at a time when the election 
of the Marquis of Huntlyas Lord Rector marks 
a new epoch, and resuscitates Dunbar's idea, 
"that he (the Rector) shall bean acfuail resident 
within the University," the actual spokesmen of 
the students, a working offi< ial and not a mere 
figurehead. The system ol voting by nations, 
which is now peculiar to the Universities of 
Aberdeen and Glasgow, is a very ancient and 

I interesting one, and was originated by the Uni- 
versity of Paris, which boasted of 20,000 stu- 

| dents ; .1 body so strong as this, and imbued .is 

1 ihe\ were with democratic principles, naturally 
bethought themselves to protect their interests 

I against the civil authorities of the towns, and 
split up into nations according to their nation- 
al ty. We find that so recently as 1870 the 
Rector of Glasgow University, along with his 

|- Assessors, enjoyed the sole right of judging in 
all civil atid criminal cases w herein any member 
of the University was a party. 

In tin- way of University reform the Act of 
1889 invests die Rector with the strongest indi- 
vidual power: whih- the excellent scheme pro- 
posed by Mr. Grant Duff in 1871', especially 
with regard to making Greek optional, will un- 
doubtedly lie taken up by the Commission. 

The little book is got up in line taste, and is 
embellished by a portrait of the present incum- 
bent of the office, as well as of his immediate 
predecessor, Mr. Goschen. • 

Let us now add our small tribute of praise to 
Mr. Bulloch for his unwearied efforts to kindle 
in us the spirit of that duty to our Alma Mater, 
which Bacon says c\er\ man owes to Ins pro- 
fession, and which is recognised by every. Eng- 
lish schoolboy, G. M. 

Monumental Stone at Kildonan ■ Eigg 



Vol. IV.] No. 9. 

FEBRUARY, 1891. 

/ PHfcE 3d. 

I PER Post y^d 

. 167 
. 169 

• '7' 
■ >7J 

• 175 

. 177 

. 177 
. 178 

• 170 

, 180 

Notks :— • _ 

Memorial Stone at Kildonan, Eigg, 

The Life of Robert Cordon, 

Bibliography oi Dundee Periodical Literature,. 

Heroic Gaelic Ballads, 

Notable Men and Women of Ayrshire, .. 
Minok Note :— ■ 


" The Royals," 

Old Carving from Findlater Castle, Banffshire, 

Bibliography of Aberdeen Periodical Literature, 

Si. Columba, the Apostle <.f the Scotch, 

Square Word Puzzle 

The Roman Wall between the Forth and Clyde, 

Quehiiss :— 

Portrait ofGlaverhouse— Author of " Mc( rregoi f>\ er— 
throw "-Major Maclean,; 73rd Regiment— Ballad or 
Song Wanted— Author and Context Wanted - Durris 
Club— Durris, Drumoak, Peterculter, and Marycuker 
Militia—" Banchory-Ternan Sixty Years Ago"— Rev. 
Rohert Lambe, Historian of Chess— The Menzies of 

Cults— " Uildehroad " or " Klginbrod." 180 

Answkks : — 

Kennedy Clark— Handfisting— Leslies of Findrassie, . . 1 S i 

LlTliKATURK, .. .. .. 182 



At present all that remains of the Chapel of 
Si. lhmu.m in Eigg is the lour watte. What 
openings there were in these have long ago been 
built up (doubtless to exclude sheep and cattle), 
with the exception of one narrow window. En- 
trance is gained to Lhe interior, now used as 
a Roman Catholic burying ground, through a 
breach made by the fall of one of the gables. 

The date of the foundation of this chapel 
would seem to be extremely doubtful. Dean 
Munro, who made the tour of the Western Isles 
in 1549, mentions that there was a " paroche 
Kirke" in Eigg, and in all likelihood that build- 
ing was the predecessor of the present ruin, for 
it is said that the church was destroyed by the 
Maclcods (or Macleans 1 ) during their memor- 
able invasion of the island. The Rev. Charles 
MacDonaJd, in his book on the Clanranald Mac- 
donalds,- says that the then Chief of Clanranald, 
Allan, son of I an Al uideat teach, built another 

1 See S. X. cV <J., Vol. III., pp. 82 and 130. 

- Moidart or among ike Ciatiranaids. Mr. M.u donald, in a 
note to me, says his authority for this statement is " a M r. I'm h- 
anan, who had access to the Clanranald papers, and who, by the 

help of I lie late Chief, wiute and published a small !n\t<,ry of the 

family. This took place ahum seventy yearsago L"e» 

day the work is extremely iare." It i- probable, therefore, that 
Buchanan had documentary evidence for the statemei 1 1 have 
been unable to consult a copy of the book. 

to take its place. Now this Chief died in 1593, 
and it is all but certain that the massacre of the 
Mac donalds in the cave took place in 1588. 
Heme, if the surmise be correct, the church 
dates from the last decade of the 16th century. 

In the reign of Charles II. an Act a was passed 
making it one of the Churches in the Arch- 
deaconry of the Isles. 

The interior now shows no signs of decoration 
except a small alcove, 5/2 feet long by 4^ high, 
with an arched roof. In the Wall of this recess 
the stone or stones, a drawing of which appears 
as this month's illustration, have been built. It 
is impossible to ascertain whether the stones 
retain their original form, and whether they are 
both parts of the same memorial. The incom- 
pleteness of the mouldings in each section would 
seem to indicate that but portions of some larger 
original now remain. There is also a suspicion 
that the date, 1641, was not the one first carved, 
lor there are sliyht traces of other letterings. 
The rest of the work, however, is quite distinct, 
though ^i\ing way somewhat under the influ- 
ence of the weather. 

Of the heraldry and other matters connected 
with the stone all that can be said has been said 
b\ Professor Macpherson, and it ma)- be surfi- 
cient to quote Ins remarks. Speaking of the 
old church he says :—" Let into the wall on the 
north side of the altar is a round headed tomb, 
belonging to the old Morar family, a branch of 
the Clanranalds, to whom part of the island for 
some time belonged. On the wall of this tomb 

* Orig. Par. As the Act is short and is interesting in many 
ways, it may not be out of place to quote it in extenso. It was 
passed at Edinburgh, Sept. 3, 1662 :- 

" Act for ane Archdeanry of the Vsles. Our Soverane Lord 
and estates of Parliament, takeing to consideration the preiudice, 
that the ISishop's Sea of the Vsles susteane, throw defect in the 
Chapter thairof, by want of the dignity of ane Archdeacon, 
which by the remoteness of the place and iniquity of the latter 
Cymes hath fallen in desuetude, And his Matte in his Princely 
piety and uisdome being desyreous to supplie all such defects, 
And to establish every thing that may best contribute 10 main- 
taine the ordei and Government of the Church Doth therforwith 
c« iisent of his saids Estates, Ordean and enact that in all tyme 
comeing ther shall be ane Archdeacon in that Sea to be elected 
and constitute in every thing a< 1 ording to the vsual forme, And 
farder doth.heirby apponit and destine the Kirk of Sinfort and 
Lcndill and the Kirk ofSlait and Strath within the Isle of Skye 
and tin smallci adjacent Islands of Egga, Kuuia, Mucca, and 
Can Da To 1- the propper Kirks of the said Dignuie, And thai 
the >ani Archdeacon who is or shall happen 10 be in all tyme 
hearafti 1 Shall I e a member constituent of the chapter With the 
same priveiedges, rents, ami emoluments that the former Aich- 
deacon did or safely might have enjoyed." 

Acta : Parte Scot VII, 403. 

1 68 


\ February, 1891. 

there is a shield and over it a cipher. Without 
attempting to determine who is intended to be 
designated by the cipher, it may be mentioned 
that the tomb is said to contain the bones of the 
prince of pipers, Raonall Mac Ailein Oig, the I 
author of the most < elebrated pipe music in ex- 
istence. He was a man of powerful frame and 
great personal courage, and man)' of his pib- 
roch s are known to have been composed as re- 
cords of exploits in which he was personally 
engaged. This tomb affords an interesting ex- 
ample of Celtic notions of heraldry. It bears 
date 1641. The earliest Clanranald shields, 
which I happen to have seen, are on two seals 
engraved by Laing, in both of which is a hand 
on the left, and a galley on the right, with a 
tree in the centre. 4 The Clanranald arms are 
found in the first volume of the Lyon Office, 
1672, and the shield rudely sculptured on this 
tomb is arranged as if a quartered shield were 
intended to be represented, and contains all the 
elements of the matriculated shield — a hand 
grasping a cross crosslet in the first quarter, in 
the third a galley. There springs from the base 
a tree like a laurel, si retching to the top of the 
shield, with a bird on the highest branches. A 
lion and a castle occupy the places of the second 
and the fourth quarters respectively, and be- 
tween the galley and the castle there is what 
might be either the ground out of which the tree 
springs, or more probably the fish so common 
on Macdonald shields. From the matriculated 
shields the castle has disappeared, but it is used 
as a crest, while the tree, now surmounted of an 
eagle, is redu< ed to hoi a Kite conv« nt'tonality, and 

occupies the fourth quarter, the lion getting the 
first, and the hand holding the cross crosslet the 
second, the lymphad retaining the third, with 
the salnmn under it. : " 


For purposes of comparison 1 annex a rough 
sketch of the arm-, of the Captain of Clanranald 
as they appear in "The Public Register of all 
Arms and Hearings in Scotland A.l). 1672-78."'' 
Raonall Mac Ailein Oig did not die till late 
in the century, surviving the chief who paid the 
last penalty in Canua in 1686. He has a mar-' 
vellous traditionary history. After studying 
abroad, he returned home and soon acquired a 
reputation far from "canny." He was said to 
be on free terms with those who practised the 
black art, and to be possessed of the wonderful 
facufty of second sight. Clanranald, to whom 
he proved a faithful henchman, gave him a farm 
in Eigg, and there he died. 

J. Calder Ross. 

4 Laing's "Supplemental Description of Ancient Scottish 
Seats" i>. 113. 
s Stodart, 

; Robert Gordon, the founder of the Hospital 

(now the College) that bears his name, is 
I believed to have been born in the year 1665. 
I His birth-place was Edinburgh, but lie belonged 
; to a well-known Aberdeenshire family, the Gor- 
! dons of Pitlurg, a branch of the Huntly Gordons. 
I He was the only son of Arthur Gordon, a mem- 
i ber of the Edinburgh bar, and an advocate of 
j some repute ; his father's father was Robert 
1 Gordon, who is said to have been the first 
graduate of Marischal College, who became 
I proprietoi of Straloch, and who w rote a History 
i of the Gordons. A man. thus, of good family, 
j he received a good education ; he is described 
! as being, even in his later years, intelligent and 
I well-informed, fond ot reading and of rational 
I conversation, a man of good taste. He left 
behind him, bequeathed to the Hospital, a good 
collection of coins and medals and prints and 
engravings. When he w as comparatively young, 
his father left Edinburgh and settled in Aberdeen, 
i Li\ iiig, it is fancied, in the once respectable if not 
I fashionable quarter of Huxter Row, demolished 
some years ago to make room for the County 
J ami Municipial Buildings. In 1684, at the early 
age of nineteen, Robert Gordon was enrolled as 
a Burgess of Guild of the city. His father died 
I four years before, and Robert Gordon was left 
I a patrimony of ~o>ooo nieiks, equivalent to 
£ 1100 sterling. He is said to have visited the 
Continent ami to have "wasted his substance 
in riotous living " ; a further story is that he was 
jilted by a lady and ever afterwards " bore a 
most unreasonable hatred to the whole gender, 
which he manifested in some of the absurd 

1 Paper read at a reunion of " Auld I. ail.-." of Robert Gordon's 
Hospital, held under the auspices of the "Auld Lads'" Associa- 
tion, in tlie Imperial Hotel, Aberdeen, 19th December, iSvjo. 

February, 189 i 



enactments of his well-known Deed of Mortifi- 
cation." (Bruce's "Eminent Men of Aberdeen.") 
These and other stories about Robert Gordon, 
however, must be received with a good deal of 
caution and reservation. This particular one, 
for instance, is not borne out by the Deed of 
Mortification at all, for the only countenance 
given by the Deed to the theory propounded is 
the indirect inference based on Cordon giving 
injunctions for the employment in the Hospital 
of male servants only, the steward and the cook- 
to be unmarried men or w idowers, " free from 
the burden of children -injunctions, surely, not 
very extraordinary in the establishment of a 
"monastic institution" on the ideas prevalent 
two centuries ago ; certainly not warranting the 
very large deduction that their author was a 
misogynist. The "riotous living" story, too, is 
open to doubt, for it is pretty well ascertained 
that for many years Gordon carried on business 
as a merchant in Danzig, and carried it on pro- 
fitably, there being evidence that from time to 
time lie lent out money on the security of landed 
estates in Aberdeenshire (Walker's "Robert 
Gordon"), lairds apparently being as need)' in 
those days as tin;)' are in can s. One of < '.or- 
don's biographers of a cynical turn of mind has 
remarked that "Cautious as Mr. 
he met with several losses in his 
actions, and, though one would h 
pected it, was always among the li 
the offered composition of a bad debt, 
doubt he had observed that in such case 
first offers are generally the best that can be 
made of a bad subject" (Douglas's ''Descrip- 
tion of the East ('oast.") We ma) accept the 
story or not, but at any rate Gordon amassed .a 
considerable fortune in business, and returned 
to Aberdeen about 1720— that i^, when he 
would be about 55 years of aye. From then till 
his death, twelve years later, he engaged in !id 
business, but, as one of his biographers would 
have it, "waxed more miserly every day" 
(Bruce). It is said thai, even at the time of his 
retirement from business he had conceived the 
idea of founding a hospital for the benefit of his 
native city; "and therefore resolved to half- 
starve himself oul of pure Christian benevolence 
and that kind consideration for posterity which 
is a common trail in the character of benevolent 
bachelors " (Bruce). Kennedy, the annalist of 
the city, has made much the same observation, 
but in much more kindly terms.. Although (he 
says) Gordon was "a man who had seen a good 
deal of the world and enjoyed the: first society 
in the place, yet, having formed the noble design 
of founding an hospital in the town for the 
maintenance and education of youny 1» ys, he 
denied himself for man)- years the comfort* and 

onion was, 
trans - 
ive little ex- 
■st to accept 

conveniences of life at home that he might be 
better enabled to provide a fund adequate to the 
accomplishment of his favourite object" ("An- 
nals of Aberdeen.") And the preamble of the 
Deed of Mortification show s us that Gordon had 
had liis idea in contemplation long before he 
carried it out. "Forasmuch .is" (it says) " I 
have deliberately and seriously (for these 
several Years -bygone) intended and resolved, 
and am now come to a full and final Resolution 
and Determination to make a pious Mortifi- 
cation of my whole Substance and Effects, 
presently pertaining, resting and owing to Me, 
or which shall happen to pertain, and be resting 
to Me, the 'l ime of my Decease ; and that 
towards the building of an Hospital, and for 
Maintenance, Aliment, Entertainment, and lulu- 
cation of young Boys, whose parents are poor 
and indigent, and not able to maintain them at 
Schools, and put them to Trades and Employ- 
ments. Which Resolution purely proceeds 
from the Zeal I bear and (.any to the Glory and 
Honour of God ; and that the true Principles of 
our holy and Christian Religion may be the 
more effectually propagated in Young Ones ; 
and that the Knowledge of Letters and of lawful 
Employments and Callings ma)' flourish and be 
advanced in all succeeding Generations, There- 
fore,''' &c. It may be that, as Mr. Walker 
suirirests. the id 


a of founding a Hospital may 
urred to Robert Gordon from his know- 
if the success which was attending 
t's HospitJ 

in Edinburgh, estab- 

1 1-659. 

tin: mim:k lkgknd. 
The' story -legend, it might more properly be 
called as to Gordon being a miser and half- 
starving himself, has, like all legends of the 
kind, survived, though almost everything else 
about the man has been forgotten. Many stories 
are told of Robert Gordon's alleged parsimony. 
Gordon lived one- biographer puts it that "he 

or rattier starved ; ' (Bruce)— in a small 
room, his whole expenditure not exceeding 
year, "lie used very sparingly the most 
iry net essaries of life ; loaves made 
wuh a little skimmed milk, were his com- 
e ; or when he would regale himself, a 
ir cheese and butter. The offals of the 
market were a luxury in which he did 
>se to indulge himself" (Douglas), lie 
is credited with a habit of going through the 
market tasting the butter and meal in quantities 
too large for mere; tasting purposes, and there is 
a grim storj of his finding a rat drowned in a 
bowl ol buttermilk and squeezing out of it what 
milk there was* in its body, lie discovered (as 
John Ramsay happily puts it) "the secret of 
deriving warmth from coals without consuming 


mon fat 

little po 

not cho< 


them as fuel" by carrying a "him" of them on I 
his back up and dow n his room to make himself ; 
warm (Ramsay's "Selected Writings.") Then 
there are stories of his not lighting a candle 
when a friend called because they " i ould see to 
speak in the dark," and of his boring a hole in 
the floor of his room to yet a share of a lamp 
used by a cobbler in the room below— a rather 1 
doubtful story when we reflect on the very j 
inferior illuminants that existed in the beginning 
of last century. In fact, we must accept all 
these stories with a very large pinch of salt ; 
they have a suspicious likeness to tales told of I 
reputed misers in all times and climes. Ramsay j 
who, by the way, was for several years a teacher 
in the Hospital (from somewhere about I t S 2 5 to 
1834) --is responsible; for the following personal 
description of Robert Gordon : — 

His dress displayed a struggle between his pinch- 
ing propensities and some ambition tQ appear in a 
habit suitable to his rank as a gentleman. Gloves he 
allowed himself; hut lie knew they would last all the 
longer (or being never put on, and so always carried 
them in his hand. No brush ever touched his shoes, 
and jet was out of die question ; yel he was careful to 
wipe Lhem on the grass ! His upper garment, a sort 
of gow n, or cloak, might indeed, at one time, have 
been " lilting for his wear " ; but when, in the course 
of long service, it had, become so notoriously and 
obtrusively threadbare as to provoke die remarks and 
remonstrances of his friends, he promised to get a new 
one if they would only suggest how the old one might 
he usefully employed, lie was advised to lay it as a 
coverlet on his bed, which was by no means overloaded 
with bedclothes ; the hint met his approbation, and 
ho forthwith purchased a new gown. In the main a 
ot pci.-oual innfity, he was* not parliculai to a shade. 
Soap he did not consider indispensable in tin; ar- 
rangements of his toilet, or a comb as a sine qua non, 

l> Sure his linen was not very clean ! " 
This is so elaborate and detailed a description 
(written, it must be remembered, in the year 
1834) that one is impelled to ask How much 
truth is there in it? On what information is it 
based ? Krom what sources is it derived ? 
There are no satisfactory answers to these .ques- 
tions possible ; and, failing an answer, it is not 
uncharitable to assume that Ramsay had simply, 
with great literary skill, woven a quantity of 
floating gossip, tradition, legend, into this admir- 
able but wholly fiefitional picture. It is notice- 
able, indeed, that we have nothing approaching 
to a contemporary account of Gordon, His 
earliest chronicler appears to have been Francis 
Douglas, whose " Description of the East 
Coast," however, was not published till 1782, 
exactly fifty years after Cordon's death. It is 
Douglas who first tells the story of how one of 
the Provosts of the city endeavoured 10 interest 
Gordon — the intention of his beque; . .0 the city 

I February, 1891. 

being by this time well known — in behalf of the 
family of Cordon's sister, who were in straitened 
circumstances, and was met with the rebuke — 
"What have 1 to expect, sir, when you, who are 
at the head of the town of Aberdeen's affairs, 
plead against a settlement fiom which your 
citizens are to derive so great benefits?" One 
would fain hope that this inhuman story is not 
true ; but the other stories of Gordon's niggardly 
habits may be dismissed with a light heart, 
whether they be true or fictitious. Twelve years 
of abject penury could not have created the 
foundation, and, though they might have added 
substantially to it, there is still the satisfaction 
of feeling that Gordon's Hospital was in the 
main based on the results of successful business 
enterprise. Even taking the meanest view of 
Robert Gordon and of his alleged character; his 
splendid bequest has made ample atonement for 
Ins sordid habits and his squalid life. As Ram- 
say has well put it — u As the founder of Gordon's 
Hospital, his memory is justly entitled to the 
veneration of all who are alive to the feelings of 
gratitude inspired by such a benevolent design, 
or who can appreciate the worth of one who, 
whatever ma)- have been the eccentricities of his 
character, was capable of forming and maturing 
a scheme for the lasting benefit of friendless 
youth." Or, to quote another local writer— 
tl Main ridiculous stories have been handed 
down concerning Mr. Gordon's private cha- 
racter, w hich are extremely improbable and quite 
unnatural. We know what lie has done for the 
good of posterity ; and if, to accomplish a noble 
act of beneficence, he should have denied him- 
self those enjoyments of life to w hich he w as so 
well entitled, it must place him still higher in the 
scale of philanthropy" (Thorn's "History of 
Aberdeen "). 

Of Robert Cordon's biography there is not 
much more to relate. His Deed of Mortification 
is dated r 3th December, 1729, and there is a co- 
dicil attached dated 19th September, 1730. He 
died in [anuary, 1732 --from the effect (so the 
story goes) of over-eating himself at a friend's 
house. His bod)- lay in slate in Marischal Col- 
lege, and he was honoured w ith a public funeral 
--'what a chronicler calls "a princely burial." 
"He may be said to have been buried with 
military honours, for a great many cannon w ere 
stationed upon the eminences about town, and 
while all the bdls tolled, minute guns were fired 
during the solemnity." The chronicler (Doug- 
las) adds sardonically "The expense certainly 
was great, but it was out of time for Mr. Cordon 
10 object to it." He was buried in' Drum's Aisle, 
but the precise site of his grave is not known. 
U11 the west wall of the Aisle there is a plain 


i 7 i 

white marble tablet with the simple inscrip- 
tion : — 

Within this Aisle 
are interred the remains 
of ' 
Robkrt Gordon, 
who founded in tin:, ( 'ity 
and liberally endowed 

The Hospital 
piously designed I >y hirn 

the maintenance and education 
of youth. 

("Epitaphs and Inscriptions in St. Nicholas 
Church and Church yard," by A. M. IVlunro ; 
S. A'. vol. I., p. 133). The tablet is sur- 

mounted by the 1 [ospital coat of ai ms -a pelican 
plucking its own breast to feed its young J with 
the motto, " Imperat Hoc Natura Potens." 
Gordon's bequest for the foundation of the Hos- 
pital amounted to between ^iOjOooand ,£12,000. 
The site had been selected by himself and bought 
by him before his death : it was, it is said, his 
favourite walk during his. lifetime. The Hospital 
was built in [732, but not opened till 1750. In 
1753 the governors erected in a niche above the 
main doorway a stattie of Gordon in marble 
(long since covered with paint), the execution of 
which was commissioned to a Mr. John Cheere, 
of London, but actually carried out (there is 
some reason to suppose) by the famous sculptor 
Roubillac, who was occasionally employed by 
Cheere. (See "The Aberdeen Gordon Statues" 
in Evening </..'-■ .•■//< tub July and 3rd August, 
1888), The figure of Gordon leans on a tablet 
on which is a representation of Charity as a wo- 
man surrounded by children to whom she is 
giving suck. 

Robert Anderson. 

— — •■ 

D U N I ) E E 1 ' E RIODICAL LIT E R A 1 U R E. 
( C&tttiiiued from page /J^j. 
1884. The Northern Athlete^ a Journal de- 
voted to Cycling, Aquatics, Cricket, Football, 
Tennis. No. i, Tuesday, December 2nd, 1884. 
Price one penny. Dundee: Printed and pub- 
lished by R. S. Panic, 16 Panmure Street. 
Size, 11/2 by 9> twelve pages, each number com- 
plete in itself, paged 1 to 1 2. This Journal was 
started at a time when Football was rampant, 
and half its pae,es were devoted to describing 
the meetings and contests connected with the 
game. In the address to the readers it is si ited 
that "among all the games, that of Football has j 
now become the most popular. The develop- 
ment of the game as played under Associat on 
Rules is one of the most remarkable of thiSe I 

1 times, and the progress which it has made in 
Forfarshire and the adjacent counties is most 
marked. It is not many years since the public 
had little or no interest in the ^ame, and private 
grounds were unknown in the district. Since 
the institution of private grounds the game has 
taken great hold of public favour. The Forfar- 
shire AsS0( nation and the Hums' Charity Cup, 
have done much towards giving encouragement 
to better play, and man)' good Clubs now occupy 
an enviable position in local circles." Cycling 
takes a prominent place, and in the third num- 
ber a soi ies of papers were commenced on the 
relative efficiency of Bicycles and Tricycles. 
Only si\ numbers were issued ; the first part 
was primed on white paper, whilst the others 
were on toned paper. 

1884. /'//;- Soul Winner, being the- monthly 
special requests of the Soul- winning and Prayer 
Union. No. t, January, 1884. Printed by James 
P. Mathew & Co., 17 Cowgale, Dundee. The 
early numbers of this monthly were written and 
lithographed, but, as it developed, it was found 
necessary to have them printed. Mr. D. 1.. 
Moody proposed that there should be ten 
days set apart for prayer at his place in North- 
field, America. Mr. J. C. Smith and several 
friends took up this idea, ami commenced to 
hold a prayer meeting on the 10th of each 
month, which still ,1891) continues. The 
objects of the Union were for providing Bible- 
women and Native Evangelists in different 
parts of the world, and praying for them 
that they may win man) souls to Christ, 
The Gospel work for gratuitous distribution of 
Tracts, Scripture Cards, and also Bibles and 
Testaments in different languages. The Soul 
Winner is gratuitously supported, and in eac h 
number there is given a balance sheet of the 
debit and credit, w ith a list of subscribers and 
detailed expenses. This Union in its first year 
had only a membership of 60, the second year it 
rose to 341, and now it has increased to well 
nigh 5000. The members of the Union are lo- 
cated in nearly all parts of the world. In the 
number of the Soul II Inner for September, 1 889, 
the- editor, speaking on the finance <'l the Mis- 
sion, says :- 11 The Lord has enabled me to 
carry on this work into the tenth year with a 
balance in favour, all through prayer and faith 
in God." In August, 1889, 2,350 copies were 
printed, and in Deer., [8.90, 4000 copies Edited 
and conducted by Mi. J. C. Smith, Newport- 

1884. The Dundee Reformer^ devoted .to the 
interests of Dundee-. Forfar Arbroath, Kirrie- 
j muir. Alyth, Bhlirgowrie, and Coupar-Angus. 

No. 6 (No. [), New Series. William Blair, 
t Editor and Proprietor. Saturday, Sept. 6, 1884 



Published monthly, price one penny. Printed 
and published by William Blair, proprietor, 40 
Weilgate, Dundee. Size, 23 by 17%, eight pages. ' 
No. 2, 7000 issued (added to the tide was) "and 
Lochee Observer" Newburgh, Montrose, Sa- 
turday, 4th October, 1884. No. 5» Saturday, 
March 14, 1 <S 8 5 , the day of issue changed from 
the 1st to the 14th of the month. This paper 
was originally started at Forfar, and edited by 
M r. Alexander Lou son of that town, under the ! 
title of The Reformer, Duly five numbers were 
issued by Mr. Lowson at Forfar. Mr. Willi. on 
Blair of Dundee became editor and proprietor I 
of this publication in September, 1884. The 
6th number of The Reformer was the first of a 
new series published in Dundee by Mr. Blair, 
on Saturday, 6th September, 1884. In intro- 
ducing the paper, Mr. Blair, the editor, says : 
"My Politics are Liberty, Equality, Fraternity, 
and the more these doctrines are acted on, the 
more prosperous will be the nation. I will ad- 
vocate economy and retrenchment, consistent 
with efficiency, and all working-class grievances 
will receive my best attention. The Reformer 
will be as much a serial as a newspaper,— origi- 
nal and well selected tales, legends, and remin- 
iscences of character and historical events, will 
be found in its columns.'' "It is eighteen 
months ago," says the retiring Editor, " since we 
launched The Reformer on the waves of time, 
and our efforts have been appreciated by man)'; 
this has been proved by our increasing circula- 
tion." In handing over the news] 
able and worthier hands," he ad 

have r, 
public a 
No. i, 
& Company 
four padres. 

ter h.i\ e alio 

ia\e to adv< 
>n were issue 

wed the 

cale the 
Kle\ en 

iperto more 
s, " we would 
fyrmtr to die 

in iples of ad - 
nbers of this 


1 885. 
1 and 
New ] 


c Mercantile Advertiser- 
Gratis circulation, 10,000 
published by P. Easson 
ran Entry. Size, 1 1 by 9, 
advertising medium was 
originally intended as a monthly, but, alter the 
issue of the second number, it became a weekly, 
and advocated the Early Closing Movement. 
Like man)' other publications of its class, it only 
lasted a few months. 

1885. 'The King Street Rochet was printed 
and published by*A. A. Paul, Stationer, 6 King 
Street, for gratuitous circulation. April, 1885. 

This was an adve 
Street district. It; 
a efood thing to sel 

"Using medium 
motto was—" 
, let him adv e 

session of it." Ha mum bemg ash 
the secret of his success, simply 1: 
said- " Printers' ink." 

188S. The Pumice Mill ami Fin 

the 1 




I/erold. Edited by Henry W illiamson, 

(Unitarian Minister,) and published at 4 Mid 
Street, Constitution Road, Dundee. No. 1, 
Sept. 5th, 1885. No. 2, May, 1886. Price one 
halfpenny. Size, by 5 This magazine only 
came out at intervals. Two years later No. 1 
of a new series appeared, under the name of the 
{{fill and Factory Herald. Dundee, Sept., 1888. 
Price one halfpenny. The Herald was origin- 
ated in consequence of the great dissatisfaction 
fell amongst the mill and factory workers by the 
notice of a reduction of 5 per cent, on their 
wages, intimated in September, 1885. "The 
proposal of a Union, to help the working people 
of Dundee to make their side known and re- 
spected in disputes about wages and other mat- 
ters which affected their welfare and comfort 
having been made, the Editor has determined 
to issue this modest little paper at a moderate 

1885. The Lochee Advertiser. "Advertising 
is' to business what steam is to machinery — the 
motive power." No. 1. Guaranteed circulation, 
6000. Saturday, November 28th, 1885. Gratis. 
Prinn d and published by Storrier & Smith, 94^ 
High Street, Lochee. Size, ii by 9, four pages. 
"Tins publication is an advertising medium, 
and the publishers hope to continue it weekly. 
'I'h ere will be a guaranteed circulation of 6000 
copies, which will be delivered free from door 
to door. Local subjects will arise that cannot 
be made so generally known through the village 
by means of the town's newspapers. We invite 
correspondence on all matters, with abuses that 
might be redressed. Our space is necessarily 
limited, therefore correspondents must be brief." 
The first number was printed with brown ink, 
and the succeeding numbers in black. 

1885. The Princes Street Budget, published 
by [ones, halter, Princes Street, and printed by 
|. Murdoch, printer, 64 Commercial Street, 
Dundee-. On tin; title was a large Prince of 
Wales 1 feather. Tliis publication was similar to 
the King Street Rochet. 

1885. Clortts Trades* and Professions* Direc- 
tory for the Counties of Forfar, Perth, and Fife, 
with a lisi of Farmers appended to each county. 
Dundee : Printed and published by D. P. Clark 
and Son, Caledonian Hall, 31 Castle St., 1S85. 
Price 7/6. Size, 7 \i by 4 "^, containing over 
400 pages. This Directory was to supply a want 
lelt by a great many business people for a work 
ol reference of a less cumbrous description than 
those hitherto published, 
published separately for 

1885. The Circular Letter. This is a letter 
published even' month giving an account of 

The Dtt eclorv was also 
the different counties. 

lion work 
ertson. Si 


1 1 by 8 

itten by 
from two 

I). M. 
to four 

February, 1891.] 



pages. A note which appears in the 5U1 Circular 
Letter dated r 6th January, 1886 is as follows:— 

"To the Friends on the Circle. Many copies of 

the Third and Fourth Circular Letters taken on 
the Scriptograph having turned out difficult to 
decipher, one of our number has generously de- 
frayed the expense of printing this letter, and of 
sending a copy to each friend en ''Hie Circle.' 
You may therefore keep this copy for your own 
use. It has been recommended that it be h ut 
out among your own friends, and thus there 
would be many circles within the ' Circle. 1 " 

1885. The lord's Treasury. A monthly ad- 
vocate of systematic and proportionate giving 
to the cause of Christ. Price one halfpenny. 
Size, 1 1 by 7 Winter, Duncan & Co., printers, 
Castle Street, Dundee. This publication was 
originated and conducted by the Rev. T. S. 
Dickson, M.A. As the title denotes, its columns 
were principally devoted to articles on "Church 
Finance," " Guides to Christian Giving," "Short 
Anecdotes and Extracts from Church Reports 
both in Scotland and England." 

1886. The Piper's News. "Cod save the 
Queen." Woodcut of a Highland Piper danc- 
ing betwixt the letters V. R. Printed by Win- 
ter cs: Duncan, St. Clement's Lane, Dundee, and 
published at the " Mereat Crosse," Drill Hall. 
Edited and managed by Lieuts. Adam and 
Anderson (Dundee Highlanders). Size, 

by 1 r, six pages. This newspaper was issued 
in the interests of the Volunteer Bazaar held in 
October, 1886. The Bazaar was organized to 
enable the three Volunteer Regiments of Dun 
dee to raise a sum of £5,000, to pay Off the debt 
on the Dull Hall. The Ear] of Strathmore, the 
Earl of Dalhousie, and Sir John Ogilvy, Ban.., 
presided at the opening ceremonies. Three edi- 
tions of the publication appeared, and nearly 
15,000 copies were sold 

1886. Ford's Weekly Gazette. The East of 
Scotland Traders 3 Mutual Protection Associa- 
tion and Debts Recovery Agency. Printed by 
W. & 1). C. Thomson, Lindsay Street, for the 
proprietors, Ford & Company, Accountants, [3 
Shore Terrace, I hmdee. Size, I I by 9, four 
pages. This G&xetle is published weekly, and 
contains recorded protests on Bills, Decrees in 
Absence, Cessios, Sequestrations, Trust Deeds, 
&c. It was started in September, 1886, and 
still [1891 ] continues to be issued. 

1886. The Dundee Messenger. No. 1, Jan- 
uary, 1886. Size, 6 by 5, four pages. This was 
a monthly leaflet distributed by the Plymouth 
Brethren or Assembly of Christians, who met in 
the Gospel Hall, Bank Street. The publication 
consisted of short articles on religious subjects 
interspersed with poetry; About one thousand 

copies were gratuitously distributed every 

18S6. The Dundee Presbytery Record. No. 1, 
September, [886. Dundee: printed by D. 
R. Clark v\: Sons, Castle Street. Size, 10 
by 7, lour pages. " A resolution was adopted 
by the Presbytery of the U. P. Church at its 
meeting in June last, to publish a Monthly 
Record which should take note of matters affect- 
ing the interest.-, of its congregations. The aim 
will be to supply matter for reflection as well as 
items of historical interest. Members of Pres- 
byter)' will henceforth receive in the Recordin- 
timation of the meetings of the Presbytery, and 
the business to be brought before them." " The 
Publication Committee for the Record are the 
Rev. Messrs. Connel, Watson, Dickson, and 
Reid, Ministers ; and Mr. W. K. Lorimer, Elder ; 
Mr. Watson, Convener. The Record is dis- 
tributed gratuitously among the Elders, Mana- 
gers, and Sabbath School Teachers of the Pres- 
bytery. This publication continues ( 1 8 9 1 ) to be 
issued monthly, 

Alexander C. Lamk. 

( To be continued. ) 


Till'; scene of the following poem is localized in 
many districts both of Ireland and Scotland; 
one of these is Loch Freuchie near Amulree. 
Good copies of the ballad are in the Dean of 
Lismore's book and Gillies, and a translation in 
verse, greatly polished up, was published in the 
Scots Magazine lor 17.56 by Jerome Stone. 

1. The sigh of a friend from die meadow of 

Fraoch, 3 like the sigh lor a hero in die grave ; 
a sigh which makes men sad and each .young 
maiden weep. 

2. Yoiulet to die westward is ike cairn, in which 

lies Fraoch son of Fiach 2 of die silken hair, 
die man thai did a service to Meyve 3 and from 
whom Cairn Fraoch is named. 

3. The weeping of women from Cruachan to die 

eastward- -sad is the cause of (he maiden's woe. 
It is he that has made her sigh so heavy, Fraoch, 
son ol Fiach, of ancient arms. 

4. Ii is the maiden that laments, coming to seek him 

to the meadow of Fraoch, the brown-eyed 
maid of curling locks, the only daughter of 
Meyve, whom heroes served. 

5. OrlaV one daughter of fairest hair is side by side 

with Fraoch to-night : though many were the 
men that loved her, she never loved a man hut 


6. When M;->ve discovered the affection of die hero 

of fairest fame, that was the reason why his 
body was rent, because he would not do evil 
with her. 



[February, 1891. 

7. She sent him to the strife of death, because he 

would not do wrong with a woman. Sad is his 
falling by the monster 6 ; I will tell it to you 
now without deceit. 

8. A rowan tree grew on Loch May/' on the west- 

ward shore towards the south ; every season 
and every month ripe was its crop of fruit. 

9. There was virtue in its red fruit. : it was sweeter 

than the honey of blossoms, and the red rowans 
would support a man without food for nine 

10. It would add a year to (he life of every man ; 

'tis a true tale this; and the juice of its red 
fruit would give healing to the diseased. 

11. But great trouble attended it though it was a leech 

that cured the folk ; a venomous monster was 
at its root to hinder any that came to pluck it. 

12. A heavy, heavy Sickness seized on the daughter ot 

Owach 7 of the generous cups : a message was 
sent by her to Fraoch, and the hero asked what 
she desired. 

13. She said that she would not he whole unless she- 

got the till of her soft hand of the rowans from 
that cold lake, and pulled by no other man 
than Fraoch. 

14. "I never was wont to gather fruit," said Fraoch 

son of Fiach of the smooth cheeks; "yet 
though I have not keen," said Fraoch, "I will 
go to pluck the rowans for Meyve." 

15. Fraoch departed with ill-fated steps and went to 

swim upon the lake ; he found the monster 
sound asleep and its mouth turned upwards 
to the tree. 

16. Fraoch son of Fiach of the keen arms came from 

the monster without its knowledge, with an 
armful of the rowans red, to the place where 
Meyve was waiting for him. 

17. "Though good be ft}) thai you have done," said 

Meyve of w hitesl lorni a "it will not suffice me, 
gallant hero, without a branch torn from the 

18. Fraoch Went off, no weak hero was he, to swim 

on the Soft lake, bul it was hard for him, though 
great his luck, to escape the death that was his 

19. lie seized the rowan tree by the top, and drew the 

trunk up from the root, but as he turned his 
feet to land the monster rose again upon him. 

20. Il Overtook him as he swam, 9 and seized his arm 

in its mouth : he caught it by the two jaws; 
alas, dial Fraoch had not his dirk ! 

21. The monster tore his fair breast, and lore his arm 

right sore. The young maiden ot' the while 
hands came and quickly gave him a knife of 
gold. 10 

22. They fell down sole to sole on the shore of brown 

stones to the west, Fraoch .son of Fiach and the 
monster: woful, O God, was the strife they 
had ! 

23. The conflict was but shod : he took its head oil" 

in his hand ; when the noble maiden saw it 
she swooned and fell upon the shore. 

24. When she awoke out of her swoon she look his 

hand in her soft hand : "Though y u are now 

the prey of hirds, great is the deed that you 
have done." 

25. 'Tis sad that il was not in the strife of heroes that 

Fraoch fell, he that bestowed gold. Sad is his 
falling by the monster; woful, O God, that 
he lives not yet. 12 

26. Lovely w as the chief whom die people loved ; M 

lovely hi-> cheek, that was redder than the 
rose ; lovely the mouth that refused nol a 
friend, and which women were wont to kiss. 

27. Darker his hair than the raven, redder his cheek 

than the blood of fawns softer than the 
foam of the stream and whiter than the snow 
was the body of Fraoch. 

28. Fair and curling was his hair ; bluer his eye than 

ice ; redder than a crab 1 " Ids mouth ; and 
whiter his teeth than chalk. 

29. Stronger than a gate was his shield, and many a 

hero would stand behind it. His sword was 
as long as his arm ; his blade was broader than 
a ship's plank. 

30. Taller than a mast was his spear ; more melodious 

his voice than a harp-string. A belter swimmer 
than Fraoch never laid his side to a stream. 

31. Hood was the strength of his two arms, and right 

good the vigour of his two fee! ; his mind sur- 
passed every king ; he never asked peace from 
a hero. 

32. That was the greatest pride of woman that ever 

I beheld with my two eyes, to send Fraoch to 
pull the tree after the rowans were away. 

33. We bore then to the meadow of Fraoch the body 

of the hero to his grave ; 16 since the man thus 
met his death it is sorrowful to be alive after 

34. His name was given to the meadow, and the lake 

is called Loch May, where the monster was 

watching every hour with its mouth turned up- 
wards (o the tree. 17 

1 no in Scottish Gaelic i-> like French long u : the chis gut- 

Gaelic spelling " ITkfoeach" (iil'.ies has " Feadhach," 
and Stone " Meidhich " as well. 

:( This is the phonetic spelling of the Dean of Lismore. The 
name in old Irish is Medb, later Meidhbh. Gillies, has Mai, 
and Stone Mcidh. Tlu: vowel sound is as in "wave*" 

* So in lite 1 Jem's copy. G. and St. have Corul. This was 
evidently Meyve's husband: she was her own daughter's rival 
foi Fraoch, and contrived his death out of revenge. 

al. " great is the pity that lie fell through Meyve.'' 

U This name seems to he different from Meyve ; it is spelled 

"jnaie" il) the I Jean's Copy, but see the last verse. 

7 The name is doubtful, G. has Odhach and St. Omhach, both 
pronounced as above. The J )ean has "ayich." 
» bosom. '•' >t!- on the shore. 

111 at, of no avail. > . ■ ' , 

n The order of lines in these verses vanes in the Deans 
version. M 

12 iit'. " woeful to lie alise after thee. 

13 at. "the chief of the people." 

W The Bean's version has the word "parlan." The similes 
in this and the following verses are curious. 

I" " I et us raise now in the meadow of V. the cairn of the 

hero in his grave." (G.) 

17 The order of verses varies towards the end of the ball. id. 
That followed is the one in Gillie*. The others are thus arrang- 
ed. Dean of Lismore's. j.j, 33, 26, 27, 26, 30, 29, 25, (31, 32, are 
wanting). Stone's, ay, :,), ;•>, 31, *6, 33, 3*, 34. W is wanting). 

February, 1891.] 



( Continued from p. jOo, Vol, IV.) 

124. Sergeant James Nesbit : adventurer, Son .of 
ihe Covenanter ; author of a diary of his life and 
adventures. lJardhill, Ayrshire, 1606, </. 1726. 

125. A'1'7 1 . George Logan', ('lunch leader and 
divine. G radii a ted Glasgow 1696; ordained 1707 
minister of Lauder; 1719 translated to Kelso; 1722 
Dunbar; 1732 Edinburgh. In [740 he was Moderator 
of the Assembly which deposed the Erskines and 
their friends, and so originated the Secession Church, 
lie died 1 7 5 5 . Works— " Treatise on the Right of 
Electing Ministers," 1732 ; "A Treatise on Govern- 
ment, showing that the Right of the Kings of Scot- 
land to the Crown was not absolutely hereditary," 
1746 ; A Second Treatise on the same subject, 1746 ; 
"The Finishing Stroke, or Mr. Ruddirnan Self- 
Condemned," 174S; and various other pamphlets on 
the same subject. b. Old Cumnock 1678, ( /. 1755. 

126. Robert Simson, M.I.'.: Mathematician. 
Educated Glasgow, and gave sell to the study of 
geometry ; elected 1711 to Chair of Mathematics, 
Glasgow; Restorer of the Greek Ueometry; published 
1735 work on "Conic Sections"; 1738 " Loci Plani "; 
1756" Elements of Euclid." />. Kirtonhall, West Kil- 
bride, 14th October, 1687 ; d. 176S. 

127. Sir James Fergusson, Hurt., Lord Kil- 
kerran : Judge. Passed advocate 1711 ; M.I', for 
Sutherland 1734-6 ; raised to bench 1735 ; Lord of 
Justiciary 1749. lie collected " Decisions of Court, 
1738-53 " ; published by his son 1775. b. Kilkerran, 
Dailly, 168S ; d. 1759. 

128. Susannah Kennedy, Countess of Eglinton. 
Noted beauty and wit ; praised by Allan Ramsay and 
Dr. fohnson. b. Cassillis House, Kirkmichael, 1600, 
J. 1780. 

1:9. Tkow*$ Simsrti, .}/./>.: appointed 1722 
Professor of Physic and Anatomy Si. Andrews. In 
1752 he published an Inquiry how far the vital and 
animal actions can be accounted for independent ol 
the brain. In 1726 he published " I >e Re Medica 
Dissertationes Qualuor." /'. Kirtonhall, Wist Kil- 
bride (169 ), d. 1704. 

130. J\ev. James Li.dier: one of the fathers ol the 
Secession Church. Educated Glasgow, St. Andrews, 
and Edinburgh ; licensed 1722 ; ordained at Kinclaven 
1725; joined Lben. Erskine, who was his father-in- 
law, in the Secession Movement 1733 3 translated to 
Glasgow 1741; appointed Professoi of Divinity to 
the Burgher Synod 1749. lie was author of several 
works, the best known of which 1' ishcr's Catechism - 
was long much used in Scotland. lie was bom in 
the Manse of Barr, 23rd January, M><)7 ; d. 1775. 

131. Thomas Garrine, M,D. : Physician to Peter 
the Great, and much valued by the Emperor in the 
early part of the 18th century. II is fame having 
reached China, the Kmpcioi of that Country, whose 

favourite wife was ill of a disease that baffled the 
native doctors, applied to the Russian Emper >r for 
his court physician, Dr. Garv.ine accordingly was 
sent through Siberia by the caravan, and though 
required to prescribe without seeing his pjaljcni he 
had the good fortune to effect a cure. Loadc 1 ,vith 

I honour and presents, Gar vine had great difficulty in 
getting permission to leave China, which he only 
j obtained by representing his father as an aged man 
! who needed his care. On his return Dr. Gar vine 
! settled and practised at Ayr, where he married the 
daughter ot Hugh Montgomerie of Coilsfield about 

[720. In 1746 he was Provost of Ayr, and died 
about 1750, sine prole. Said to have been a native of 

132. David Barclay: Scottish adventurer, ennobled 
by Frederick the Great. A scion of the family of 
I'ercetoun, he settled at Kom'gsberg, b. about 1700 
in Percetoun, Dreghorn. 

133. Alexander Montgomery ^ qth E. of Eglinton : 
one of the Privy Council of King William. 1710 one 
of the Representative beers of Scotland, and again 
1 7 1 3. In 1715 he was very active in support of the 
Hanoverian dynasty, and was present with Lords 
Kilmarnock, Glasgow, and Sempill at Lvine, 22nd 
August of that year, at the head of 6000 armed men. 
lie was a prudent and successful manager, and added 
to his family properly. His third wife was the 
celebrated beauty Susannah Kennedy of Culzean. b. 
(1656), d. j 729. 

134. Hew Montgomery of Eglintoun : I lero of Ot- 
t erbium light. Slain there in 1318. Said to have 
been 7th Laird of Laglcsham in Renfrewshire. 

135. Sir Alexander Montgomery, 1st Lord Mont- 
gomery ; active public man, perhaps born Ardrossan 
Castle, (/. 1453. 

136. Rev. Robert Montgomery, 4th son of 1st Earl 
of Eglinton. bishop of Argyll, b. Eglinton Castle, 
Kilwinning ( 149-), d 1557. 

137. Gabriel Montgomery i Count Montgomery, said 
by some to be a scion of the House of GifTen in Cun- 
ninghame, and to have been born there ; but probably 

j born in Frariee of Scottish parentage. He was Cap- 
I tain of the Scots Guard of Henry II., whom he had 
j the misfortune to kill, by piercing his eye in a tourna- 
• ment. He retired to England, where he embraced 
the Reformation. Returning' to France during the 
civil wars, he became (me of the most redoubtable 
chiefs of the French Protestants. He was condemned 
to death by the Parliament of Paris, ami executed in 
effigy. Narrowly escaping being included in the 
massacre of St. Bartholomew, he fought bravely in 
Normandy, but was forced to surrender by the supe- 
rior forces of Matignon ; and though by the capitula- 
tion hi- life was to be spared, he was executed by the 
order' of the Queen Regent, Catherine de Medicis. 
b. 1530, d. 1574. 

138. Sir fames Hamilton of Finnart, Royal Archi- 
tect and prominent politician. Natural son of the 
1st Earl of Arran by an Ayrshire gentlewoman, be- 
came Cupbearer and Steward of the Household to 
fames V., obtains grant of the lands of Finnart in 
Renfrewshire, superintendent »f royal palaces and 
castles; creels palaces of Falkland and Linlithgow, 
and greatly improves the castles of Edinburgh, Stir- 
ling, and Rothesay ; acquires in this way a fortune 
enabling him to rival the wealthiest of the nobility: 
•builds Craignethan Castle tor his own house; legiti- 
mated 1512; accepts the office of ecclesiastical judge 

I in hercs\', and presses severely on the Reformers; 

176 SCOTTISH NOTES AND QUERIES [February, 1891. 

seeking, however, on one occasion lo protect a young 
kinsman, he gets involved in charges of treason and 
embezzlement ; tried, found guilty, and executed, but 
his estates, though confiscated, were restored after- 
wards to his family by James V. ; it i-, though) in a 
tit of remorse for his share in the death of his favour* 
ile courtier. /\ Ayrshire? (1490), d. 1540. 

139. Lady Ann Cunningham, Duchess of Hamil- 
ton: one of tile most distinguished of the Ladies of 
the Covenant : 4th daughter of James, 7th E. of 
Glencairn ; married 160310 Lord James, subsequently 
2nd Marq. of Hamilton : .01 ardent presbyterian, she 
was very useful lo the clergy of that party, being ever 
ready to shield them from persecution, and to 
countenance them in every way com pet en I to her. 
She warmly espoused the cause of the Covenant; and 
in 1639 appeared at tin- head of a troop of horse 
among the force on Leith shore, who were drawn up 
to resist the landing of the English army, commanded 
by her son, when she is said to have draw n one of her 
pistols from her saddlebow, and to have declared she- 
would be the first to shoot her son, the Duke of 
Hamilton, should he appear in arms against his 
country. I>. Kilmaurs Ca. ? or perhaps Kinjayston 
Ca., Kilmalcolm (1580), d. 1647. 

140. Barbara Cunningham , L.ady Caldwell: one 
of "the Ladies of the Covenant," married i6<57, Wm. 
Mure of ( aid well, who was one of the first to refuse 
to attend the curates. Her husband having been 
concerned in the Pentland rising, was compelled to 
flee to Holland. In his absence his estate was for- 
feited. She repaired to him there, and nursed him 
through lbs last illness till his death in 1670. She 
then returned home with her family, where ;is her 
own and her husband's property had all been appro- 
priated by General Dalziel, she suffered many 
privations, but succeeded through them a 1 in rearing 
her Tamil) creditably without being indebted to an)' 
one. In 16S3, twelve years aftei her return bom the 
continent, during which lime, she had lived in Glas- 
gow in industrious and contented poverty, she was 
suddenly, without indictment or trial, made a 
prisoner, and confined in lilackness Castle, one of the 
state prisons, for three years; The cnuse of her 
arrest was a charge that she had permitted a recusant 
minister to preach i" her house. The charge, how- 
ever, was newer proved, and therefore her imprison- 
ment was wholly illegal. Her treatment there was 
marked by great cruelty. At last, however, in June, 
16S6, she was set at liberty. After the Revolution, 
she and her family were reinstated in their properly. 
The time of her death has not been ascertained, but 
it must have been after 1 707 . at winch date she was 
still alive. Ik Cunninghamhend, Dreghorn (1030). 

141. //'///. Jamicson, 1LD.: Divine of Ch. of 
Scotland, died Father of tlie Church. He was 
minister of Reriick, and author of an Essay on Virtue 
and Happiness, which was an ingenious attempt lo 
reconcile what is irreconcilable, the different accounts 
of moral obligation. (>. Dunlop Manse, 1 704, d. 
1790. ' " 

142. William Hamilton 0/ Bangonr: excellent 
lyric poet, of Ayrshire extraction, son of James I bouil- 
lon, advocate. Joined the Pretender 1745: scaped 

to the continent ; succeeded to Bangout on the death 
of his brother, but died soon after at Lyons. 7'he 
Braes of Yarroio is one of his best known songs. A 
volume of his poems appeared al Glasgow ill 1 7 4 8 ; 
hut the first genuine and correct edition of his works 
was published in 1760, after his death, lie is said to 
have been born in Ayrshire, but this \% improbable. 
/<. 1704, d. 1754. 

143. John Campbell, 4th E. <>I Loudoun, Y. U.S. : 
General, British Rep. Peer for 48 years; Governor 
of Stirling Ca., 1741; raised Highland Regiment, of 
which he was made Colonel ; acted under Sir John 
Cope at Preston, 1 74 5. He relieved Fort Augustus 
when blockaded by the Frasers under the Master of 
Lovat, and took Lord Lovat prisoner to Inverness; 
operated against Prince Charles at Moy Ca., and the 
Isle of Skye; appointed General Governor of Virginia, 
and Commander-in-Chief of the British forces in 
America, 1756, recalled 1 7 57 , and sent to Portugal 
under Lord Tyrawley, 1762. He died 1782, a 
General in the arm)', Governoi of the Castle of Edin- 
burgh, P.C., F.R.S., and the third field officer in the 
army. He greatly improved the ground round his 
country beat by planting. Loudoun Ca. ? 1705, 
d. 17S2. 

144. Alex. Bosivcll, Lord Auchinlcck: Scottish 
Judge*; Advocate;, 1729; Sheriff- Depute of Wigton- 
shire, 1748; raised to bench, 1754; Lord of Justici- 
ary, I7S5; resigned 17S0. (>. Auchinleck ? 1706, 
d. 1782." 

145. Sir Robert Boyd, Iv.C.B. : Governor of Gib- 
raltar, and Lieut. -General. He was a native of 
Irvine, where his parents, farmers from West Kil- 
bride, had settled. He went to sea in his youth, was 
pressed into the navy, but afterwards became a 
soldier, and by a life of extraordinary perseverance in 
the exercise of great talents, rose to the high station 
which he ultimately tilled with the highest reputation. 
During the memorable siege of Gibraltar in 17S2, he 
w as Lieut. -Governor of that fortress. I>. Irvine, 1710, 

1 p>. A'c7>. Ifilliam A'uat or A'o7i>alt : Prof, of 
Oriental Languages and Ecclesiastical History, Glas- 
gow, b. Dunlop Manse? (171 1), ,/. 

147. William Wallace: Minor Poet and Advocate. 
b. Cairn hill, Craigie, near Mauchline ( 1712), d. 1763. 

148. fohn Mair: Centenarian. /'. Galston, March, 
1713, d. 1817. 

140. Humphrey Fulton: introduced the silk manu- 
facture to Paisley. In 1759, he made the first silk 
web in Scotland, and brought the manufacture to the 
greatest perfection. He was the means of creating 
the Maxwellton suburb of Paisley, which gathered 
round his works. /'. Midtawn of Threepwood, Keith, 
1713, d. 1779. 

150. John Boyle, 3rd E. of Glasgoio: Fought at 
Fontenoy, 1745, where he was wounded, as also at 
Laffeldt, 1747, where he was also wounded. Com- 
missioner to the General Assembly, 1704-72. />. Kel- 
burne, Largs, November, 1714, d. 1785. 

151. John Morrice of Craig: Successful West 
Indian Merchant, l>. Largs, ' d. 178S. 

[52. John Goldie: friend of Burns, and miscel- 
I laneous author ; a Kilmarnock merchant, lie was 

February, 189 1.] 



inclined to free- ihin king, and published various 
pamphlets, tVc His " Kssays on Religious Subjects" 
were known in the West of Scotland as "Goiidie's 
Bible." /'. Galston, 1717, d. 1809. 

153. fames A/acA'nj'g/it, />./).: Divine and Com- 
mentator} eel. Irvine, Glasgow, and Leydcn Univ. ; 
ord. Maybole, 1753; transl. [edburgh, 17695 Mo- 
derator of Assembly same year, and 1 ). 1 ). "I Lvlin- 
burgh ; 1772, transl. Lady Ycsters, Edinburgh; x 778, 
OkrChurch, Edinburgh. In j 7 56 he published Ins 
" Harmony of the Gospels," and in 1 763 his " Truth 
of the Gospel History." His gtealest work, " Com- 
mentary on the Apostolical Kpistles," 4 vols., was 
issued 1795. /'. Irvine Manse, ijih September, 
1 72 1, </. :8oo, 

154. Robert Ftnrflay, D.D.i Divine and Pro- 
fessor; ed. Glasgow and Leydcn ; ord. 174. 1, Steven- 
ston ; transl. successively to Galston, Paisley, and 
Glasgow, 1756; Prof, of Divinity, Glasgow Univ., 
1782. Author of "A Vindication" of the Sacred 
Books, and of losephus against Voltaire, i77°> 
Divine Inspiration, &c. /'. 23rd November, 1721, 
Waxford, Kiccarton, near Kilmarnock, d. 1814. 

155. John Brisbane : Admiral. Distinguished-him- 
selfin the American War. h. Largs (1721), ./. 1807. 

156. John Walkinshaiv Craufuril : Distinguished 
British Officer; fought at Detlingen and Fontenoy 
with great ctedit. Friend of the Mar! of Kilmarnock, 
whom he accompanied to the scaffold. //. Craufurd- 
land (1721), ii. 1793. 

157. Wm. Dalrymple % D.D. : Divine of ( 'lunch of 
Scotland. Minister of Ayr ; Moderator of Assembly, 
1 78 1 . Works - ■'• Family Worship," 1787 ; "A His- 
tory of Christ"; "Faith in Jesus Christ," 1790; 
"The Arts of the Apostles Expounded," 1792; 
"The Mosaic Account of the Deluge," 1 7 94 ; 
"Meditations and Prayers," I79;S; "Solomon's 
I. tines," 1700.; " I'he Scripture Jewish History," 
1S03. b. Ayr, 1 723, us 14. 

158. Alex. /U&ntgoi/wrj'i 10th A', of Egiinton: 
Agriculturist and Improver of Kstates. Shot in a 
scuttle with Mungo Campbell, a suspected poacher. 
b. Eglinton Ca., Kilwinning, 1720, d. 1769. 

159. James Ji'cyd, rj/A E. of Erroll : Fought at 
Culloden on the opposite side to Ins father, the attain- 
ted E. Of Kilmarnock ; educated Dalkeith and Glas- 
gow Univ. He claimed and obtained his father's 
estate after the execution of the latter, one of the 
Scots Representation Peers, 1770. /'. 20th April, 
1726, d. 17/8. 

160. John Lafniik: Minor Poet. His lines, 
" When 1 upon thy bosom lean," are said t" have 
awakened the infant muse of Burns. He published a 
volume ol verse in 17S8; Inn it contained nothing 
equal to the above piece. Hums exchanged rhyming 
epistles with him. Lost his money in thai " Villain- 
ous? bubble, the Ayr Hank/' and came to keep the 
Postoflice, Muiikir'k. /<. 1727, Dalfrain, Muiikiik, 
d. 1807. 


65,92,93, 113). — A friend has pointed out to me that 
it was not till the time of the 91b F. of Casslllis thai 
Culzean Castle was the family seal ol tha Ailsa 

branch of the Kennedys, and that, therefore, prior to 
that period the birthplace of most of the distinguished 
members ol that house would probably be Cassillis 
House, Kirkmichael, instead of Culzean, as slated in 
the text ol previous papers. 

Ralph Shield (IV., 159V-— I find I have, by 

some Strange oversight, included Ralph Shield 
amongst the Covenanters probably connected with 
Ayr. I can hardly understand how I fell into this 
mistake, as, among my MSS. notes, I see I have ex- 
plicitly set him down as an Englishman, who, having 
joined the Scots in their rising, suffered with them. 
Please allow me to col lect the error into which I 
have inadvertently fallen. 

CULLODEN (IV., 155).— I am mud) obliged 
to Mr. Skene f<jr the information he gives me. 
As regards the name of the First Foot 1 was 
certainly in the belief that the regiment was 
called the Royals. Rut .Mr. Skene has evidently 
good sources of information. The final s is 
often applied in error. For instance, no officer 
of the 2nd Regiment of Guards would call it 
"the Coldstreams." This is often done, but the 
proper title is the Coldstream. I therefore 
quite understand that the old first Regiment of 
the Line preferred being called "the Royal" to 

Culi.odkn.- Colonel John Campbell, who 
commanded the Campbells at the battle, was 
afterwards 4th Duke of Argyle, having succeeded 
to the title in 1767. He had commanded the 
42d, 541b, 14th Right Dragoons, and had been 
Colonel of the i>i Foot and 3d Foot Guards, 
lie Sec. one Field Marshal in 1792, and died in 
1 iSoo. 

"'rur: Royals" (IV., 155). — In the Histori- 
cal Account of the hirst the Royal Regiment of 
Foot % compiled by Major Joseph Wetherall, 
1832,' page 15, it is written that "the various 
appellations bestowed upon the regiment were 
'The First Regiment of Foot,' 'The Royal,' 
'Royals,' or ' Royal Scots.' " At page 19 "it 
was designated Royals in 1806." At page 50 
they are called "Scots Royals." At page 79, 
in 1814, Colonel Murray praises the conduct of 
the Grenadier Company of the "Royals." At 
page 107 tin: official return, 1762, calls them 
"the Royal," and General Pritzler, who com- 
manded them, called the Regiment " the Royal." 
It appears, then, that Mr. Skene was right as 
well as • Skuastian. 

" Old Carving from FindLater Castle." 
It requires a little stretch of imagination to 

J suppose ihat the interesting can ing which 
formed the subject of illustration in last .No. of 

j .V. A r . &■» Q. % was obtained from Findlater Castle. 

I Were ii SO, it pos-bcs^es the singular peculiarity 


[February, i 891. 

of being the only article, barring a few charters, 
now in existence that formerly held a place in 
Findlater Castle, which was dismantled about 
the year 1600. Cramond's "Church of Cullen" 
remarks, in reference to this carving, which 
was not then known to the writer to be in 
the possession of the late Mr. P. Chalmers, 
Aberdeen "Mr. Logan says he saw it in the 
Old Kirktown of Rivan, now annexed to the 
Parish of Cairney, but the extraordinary manner 
in which, m the letter, he confounds Rathven 
and Ruthven, and the fact of the carving being 
sold by the Earl of Findlater, make it much 
more likely that it was at Rathven he saw it, 
and thus it may have been obtained by the Earl 
of Findlater out of the old Church of Cullen." 
The Earl of Findlater possessed lands in Rath- 
ven, but the family never possessed lands in 
Ruthven (alias Rivven). The arms of the 
royal burgh of Cullen— the Virgin and Child 
— the rocks in Cullen Bay, designated for a 
century or two, at least, 1 The Three Kings of 
Cullen,' the mediaeval expression^- " Ye Three 
Kings of Culane " [Cologne] all point in a 
Cullen rather than in a Findlater direction. Of 
course the question arises, seeing the sale could 
not possibly have been as Mr. Logan asserts at 
Ruthven, did it take place at Rathven, or was 
there ever such a sale at all ? Mr. Logan may 
have been correct with the locality — Ruthven— 
but at fault with the seller of the articles. If 
so, neither Findlater Cattle nor Cullen can 
lodge a claim. Moreover, an auction by such 
parties in these ancient times must be received 
cum ^rano It may be necessary to remark 
that the rough t real mem accorded by the Home 
Rulers of 1740 to Cullen House accounts for the 
fact that every article that could conveniently 
be destroyed then met its destruction. C. 

Oi.n Carvings from Findlater Cash,].. 
—-There cannot be the shadow of a doubt that 
the final letters stand for Aurum, Thus, Myr- 
ham. The kings are rightly placed in your 
print, but are given in inverted ordev in the letter- 
press : of course, the first is the one next lesus 
and Mary: the Gospel gives the order of the 
gifts, "gold, frankincense, and myrrh." Also, 
the traditional names are, everywhere, Gaspar, 
AfTelchior, Balthazar^ not Balthasar, Melchior^ 
ISSachar(I) If the letter ib 1 and not G, the fact 
is most interesting, as showing the English 
Christian name Jasper to be the French Gas- 
pard, the King Gaspar; just as " Aya Sofia^' 
(St. Sophia) is a-j^a ao(j>ia. 

I think your contributor is quite right in hi i 
suggestion that Cullen may have ,been equated 
with Cologne^ especially as the German Kbln 
sounds exactly as Cttln in English : also as to 
the true meaning of the letters (1 would, 1 ow- 

ever, read " fert n rather than u feretts n )\ and 
the typical character of the gifts ; but "<i Latin 
hymn" is hardly the due description of the 
hymn at lauds on the Epiphany in the Roman 
breviary —(and doubtless in others). 

The Gospel speaks of " wise men " only. In 
Ps Ixxii. (primarily relating to Solomon) adora- 
tion and gifts, it is said, will be brought by the 
kings of Tarshishy the Arabs, and Shebd. The 
medieval Christians identified the Gospel Magi 
with the three kings, or kingdoms, of the psalm; 
hence the legend. The tendency to invent 
names is universal ; thus, Veronica is said to 
have been the woman who wiped the Face of 
Jesus (she is even said to be buried at 1 Bordeaux, 
where 1 have seen her altar, square like a Ro- 
man (heathen) one, but larger, in the crypt of 
the church of St. Seurin) ; Dismas was the pe- 
nitent thief ; so names w ere invented for the 
three (invented) kings ; and they were made to 
end at Cologne, like Lazarus, Martha, and Mary 
Magdalene at Marseille, or Joseph of Arimathea 
at Glastonbury. 

On referring to the Anglican Prayer-book 
version, and the (unrevised) Bible, 1 find a curi- 
ous discrepancy from the Vulgate, which has 
three kingdoms only : " Reges Tharsis et insula* 
munera offerent : reges Arab 11m et Saba dona 
adducent : In A. V. it is " T. and of the isles"— 
" Sheba and Seba"— and in the B. of C. P. " T. 
and of the isles- Arabia and Saba." Both of 
these make, therefore, four kingdoms : the old 
version only three, f do not know whether this 
explanation of the three kings is known : 1 give 
it as obvious. 

Talking of hymns -I wonder if any one has 
ever remarked that the hymn of lauds at Christ- 
mas is an alphabetic acrostic, the stanzas be- 
ginning with A to C (and even J). This is the 
only imitation, I believe, of Ps. cxix., which is in 
22 portions, each beginning with a letter of the 
Hebrew alphabet ; and of Lamentations, where 
also the verses are distinguished by initials. 

A. P. Skene. 

Bibliography qf Aberdeen Periodical 

LITERATURE.— - The following are additions to 
this list :— 

1843. The Bon-Accord Reporter. " bring me no 
more reports."- Macbeth. Mr. A. W. Robertson, of 
the Public Library, Aberdeen, has got hold of No. 19 
of this production, dated July, iS^j. Price twopence. 
4to, 8 pp. [145-152]. Imprint -"Aberdeen: Printed 
and published for the proprietors by Robert Edward 
and Company, and may be had al No. 5 Mom mill 
Brae." I have seen this number only, and have been 
unable to trace the magazine before or after the date 
speciiied. The magazine was probably a monthly. 
It is written with the customary venom of the period, 
and it had Radical leanings. 

1890, Aiwa Muter, Aberdeen University Maga* 


zine. Vol. VIII., No. i, October 29, iS'jo. This 
magazine, which appears in a new cover, is conducted 
this session by a committee composed as follows : — 

Messrs. Harrowes and Lewis Grant (Bajans) ; 

Symon (Semi) and Barron (Tertians); M'Lean and 
Dean ( M agist rands) ; Mi'ne (Divinity); Duncan, 
M.A. (Law); [iossack and Uennet Recano (Medi- 
cine) ; J. Malcolm Bulloch, M.A. (for the Graduates). 

1890. The Claymore, a Slashing Periodical. Spe- 
cial Rectorial Number. Vol. I., No. 1, Friday, No- 
vember 2i, 1890. Price one [jenny. Large 8vo, 
4 pp. Printed by W. & VV. Lindsay, 30 Market St., 
Aberdeen. It is doubtful whether this print should 
be included here. It was a Rectorial skit of (lie elec- 
tion in Aberdeen University, 1890, issued, as the 
name half implies, by the supporter* of the Marquis 
of lluntly, and from its very nature. was never intended 
to he continued. In imitation ol a newspaper, it had 
a series of bogus births, marriages, and deaths, and 
advertisements. The literary matter was decidedly 
clever, the work of Mr. j. D. Symon (Tertian), Mi. 
T. 11. Barron ( Tertian), and Mr. George Duncan, 
M.A. (Law), li ran through two editions. 

1890. Onward and Upward, the Journal of the 
Haddo House Association, edited by the Countess of 
Aberdeen. Vol. I., No. 1, December, 1890. Price 
one penny. Cr. 8vo, 24 pp. of matter, 8 pp. adver- 
tisements, and a cover. Imprint Printed by Lewis 
Munro, at the A'oss-sh/re journal Office, Dingwall, 
N.B. Published by D. Wyllie& Son, Aberdeen, and 
also in Edinburgh and London. This magazine, which 
is very wed got. up, is illustrated. Among the- con- 
tributors to the opening number, which was a " "spe- 
cial issue," were Professor llenry Drummond, Mr. 
R. P. Haldane, M.P., and the Editor. J. M. P. 

Suiwuk Word Piv/i r. Mr, £ramond, in 
bis recent researches among* the old Kirk Ses- 
sion Records of liattray, found the following 
square word puzzle. It is a very strange thing 
how it came to be embedded among the doings 
of the Kirk Session :- 

S A T O R 
A K K P O 
T K N E T 
O 1' K R A 
R O T A S 

In the leisure Hour for uS8t, p. 382, the same 
crux is described in detail as it appeared on a 
pew door in the church ol" Steeple Gidding, in 
the neighbourhood of St illon : - 'I he letters 
are boldly but rudely cut, the central N being 
turned the wrong way, and in the second and 
third lines tin.' letter is more like an I than .in 
E, or 1 is put instead of E; so 'AripQ 1 and 
'Ten-it 1 are imperfect or blundering letters. 
There are two initials E. IL, which are probably 
those of the carver. It is not easy to j^i\e an 
intelligent translation of the five square words. 
The puzzle is over '.Arepo, 1 and it has been sug- 
gested that it is only 'Opera' reversed md is 
necessarily introduced to make the squaie per- 

fect. If so, we might translate the whole, 'The 
sower holds the wheels (and) works.' Another 
suggestion is that 'Arepo' must be taken us a 
proper name, and that the words may be trans- 
lated, ' The sower, il Arepo," holds the wheels in 
his work.' Anyway, this five-word puzzle is both 
curious and ingenious, and must have given its 
inventor no little trouble in its construction." 

St. Columba, Apostle ok the Scots.— 

St. Columba, apostle and patron of the ancient 
Scots, was bom at Gartan, Co. Donegal, on 
December 7th, in probably the year 521. His 
father was Fedhlimidh, belonging to the Dal- 
riada, and his mother Eithne, from Leinster. 
He was baptised" at Temple Douglas by the 
priest Cruithnechan, and educated at Moville 
under St. Finnian : there he was ordained 
deacon, and afterwards on his removal to 

Clonan a monastery which another St. 

Finnian had founded and was ruling- — was 
ordained priest by St. Ktchen of Clonfad. He 
was for a time at (ilasnevin with others who 
became famous in Irish Hagiology. In 546 St. 
Columba founded a monastery at Derry, and 
seven years afterwards the monastery of Durrow ; 
about the same time, and up to 562, be founded 
many other churches and monasteries. The 
reason for his forsaking this work in Ireland is 
in much dispute and doubt, some imputing it to 
the highest and purest motives, some to com- 
pulsion and strife ; of his work the dividing line 
is the battle of Cooldrevny in 561. The 
missionary spirit at the. time was strong, and 
nothing seems mote natural than that bo should 
wish to follow his countrymen with the tidings 
of peace : to tin- end he retained bis jurisdiction 
Over Durrou and the rest. In 5^3 he sailed to 
iona with twelve associates, and founded his 
monastery on the confines of the Scots and the 
Picts. lie set to spreading the faith among 
these nations, and paid frequent v isits both to 
the Hebridean islands and the mainland : there 
is a full account given of his visit to King Brude 
at Inverness about 563, perhaps preliminary to 
his settlement at Iona. His Lives contain many 
interesting incidents connected with his labours, 
and as a missionary he appears to have been both 
energetk and successful, though w ith his royal 
friends in It eland he showed a very different 
temper, and often had contests of a sanguinary 
kind. In 593 he had a serious illness which 
gave him warning that his end was drawing- 
near, but it was not until the summer of 597 
that he finally succumbed. St. Adamnan's 
account of bis ( losing days is most beautiful 
and pathetic, and has often been told. At mid- 
night between Saturday and Sunday, the 8th 
and 9th of June, "his spirit gently took its 
flight," and j one 9th has ever since been kept 



us his commemorative feast. St. Kentigern, St. 
Columba, and St. Maelrubha are the three 
famous saints of the West of Scotland, and St. 
Columba has had the advantage of Abbot 
Adamnan being his biographer. His position 
as presbyter-abbot of the monastery at lona was 
the most natural imaginable, and should never 
have had any place in ecclesiastical controversy. 
Bp. Reeves cites the locality of thirty-seven 
dedications to him in Ireland, thirty-two in the 
west of Scotland, and twenty-one in the north 
and east. Those in the north east of Scotland 
are in the parishes of Fordyee, Alvah, I.omnay, 
Daviot, Belhelvic, New Maehar, L'ortachie, 
Tannadice, and Dunkeld. His relic or banner 
of the Brecbannocli was closely connected with 
the neighbourhood of Aberdeen, although as to 
the character of the thing itself we have provok- 
ingly little information : some say that it was a 
banner, and some that it was the reliquary which 
is now at Monymusk Mouse. He shows a 
strong and rather contradictory character, but 
the times were rude, and the milder virtues had 
not much room for development. We fortunately 
have his life given from different points of view, 
and thus can fairly estimate the character of 
the man and bis work. 

East Toronto. James Gammack, LL.D. 

The Roman Wall between the Forth 
and Clyde.— The Northern Chronicle^ Inver- 
ness, of December [7, in its "Notes by the 
Way," contains the following: — "A discovery 
has been made in connec tion with that greatest 
relic of antiquity in North Britain, the Roman 
wall bet wren the forth and Clyde, which throws 
an unexpected light upon the charactei of the 
fortification. Hitherto the supposition has been 
that the construction and attributes of the wall 
had been once and for all explored and settled ; 
but accident has established once more thai our 
greatest savants in antiquarian as in other affairs 
may "gang aft agley." In addition to the fossa 
and vallum by which, it was decided, our con- 
querors defended themselves against the raids 
of our barbarian progenitors, it now appears 
that, running along the inside of the fortification, 
there was a well-made road to facilitate the 
movement of troops when any part of the wall 
was threatened. This road has been traced for 
five miles, and consists of two lines of kerb, 
14 feet apart, the centre filled in with smaller 
stones, which appear to have been fixed with 
some kind of cement. On the whole, the won- 
der is not that the discovery has been made, but 
that some military expert did not theorise its 
existence, knowing the road-making proclivities 
of the Romans, and their methodical ways in 
military matters." 



504. Portrait ov Claverhouse". — Can you or 
any of your Correspondents kindly inform me through 
your columns where the best portraits of John Grahame 
of Claverhouse, Viscount Dundee, can be seen? I 
understand there is a celebrated <>nc named the Leven 
portrait. Du you or any of your Correspondents 
know where it is; and il either cngnuings or good 
photographs aie procurable? 

[ohn Walker. 

505. Author of " McGregor's Overthrow." 
--Can an)- of your numerous readers supply me with 
die words of a song or ballad, which I understand 
was either composed or sung by an itinerant musician 
who dieil at Glenlivat in 1S60, the title of which was 
" McGregor's Overthrow"? J. McG, 


506. .Major MACLEAN, 73kh REGIMENT. — 1 
should he obliged by any particulars of this officer, 
who was wounded at Waterloo. J. C. 


507. Ballad ok Song Wanted. -Could anj of 

the reader.-. < <{ .V. A'. iSr= Q. supply either the name <>f 
the author or the rest of the context of the following 
lines on the Heath of a Miser? They Were taken 
down from ti e hps of an old lady of Stirlingshire ex- 
traction, vvho re mem hers hearing or reading ihem 
man) year-, ago, hut can give no further information 
about them : — 

Oh gear, I've held thee l&ng thegither. 

For thee I starv ed my guid auk! mither 
And crushed my wife ; 

An' now I'm gaun 1 kenna whither, 
To lead my life. 
Stirling. I. 1-;. II. T. 

508. Author and Context Wanted. —The 
following lines, said to he a hit at a local cleric, have 
been taken down to die dictation of die same Stirling- 
shire lady. Can any one of the readers of S.N.&iQ. 
give information either as to their authorship or con- 

I )n Cadder Muir, and near the moss, up 

There, Jude foregathered wf a gossip. 

Wha think you was it ? — but the deil 

In human shape, disguised sac week 

His cloven feet were hid in shoon, 

A bonnet row-red his horns ahoon. 

He spat nae fire nor hrimsianc rifted, 

Bui calm his een and voice he lifted, 

And said, " Guid mornin' tae ye, honest man." 

lie looked sae douce and spak sae wylie, 
I tide took him for an honest bailie. 
Stirling. I. K. II. T. 

509. Duruis C1.1 I'-. In the he^inniiq; of the pre- 
sent century Such a Club was in existence. Can anv 
of your tea lets say whether a minute book of the 
proceedings was kepi, and, if so, where it may be 
seen ? ALPHA. 




510. Durris, Drumoak, Pktkrculter, AND 
Maryciji.ter Militia.— In the end of last century, 
on the threat of invasion of the country, cacti i>ari>)i 
raised a local militia corps. In some instances several 
parishes were grouped together ami Militia Commis- 
sioners appointed. Can any of your readers say 
where the minute hooks containing the transactions 
of the above corps may he seen ?. 


511. " I5an< iioi<Y-Tk knan Sixty Vears Ago." 
— Such was the title of a small volume published a 
considerable lime ago. All my efforts to get a look 
of one having failed, I shall be glad 10 hear if any of 
your readers have got a copy. 


512. Rky. Robert Lamue, Historian of Chess. 
— I find the Rev. Robert Lambe described as the 
Historian ol Chess, lie was hum in Eyemouth in 
1714, died 1795. Can any of your readers give any 
account of the hook or of the man ? 

Dollar. YV. 15. EL W. 

513. THE MenZIES OF CULTS.— I have heard it 
stated that on,.' of the Menzies met his death by being 
strangled by a cat. Hoes tin- tradition rest on any 
good ground ? I should he glad to know. 


514. * ' Hf LDEBROAt) " OR " El.GlNBROD " (I V. , 
1 1 7). '- Referring to Mr. VV. Macintosh's Note in your 
November issue regarding the origin of George .Mac- 
Donald's unique epitaph, 1 may say that 1 have been 
able t<> trace it still further hack than 1824, as alluded 
to by Mr. Mathews in his letter to the Literary World. 
I have before me a volume oi S<i>/x Foetus on Several 
Occasions, from which, alas! the title page and the 
last leaves are missing, so that 1 cannot give the exact 
.late of puhfication, but it must have been about the 
middle ol last century, 1 think. Ai page 40 in this 
volume occurs the followinu : 

on a tc 


Here lyes old John Hitdibioad, 
Have mercy upon him good G— d ; 
As lie would do. if he was God, 
And thou wert oli I John Hildebrond. 

Possibly this may have been the source of the form 
which George Mac! )onald's famous epitaph afterwards 
look, hut the sentiment is his own, a pan of the ge- 
nerous poet-uOvelist's very being, "which he retired 
to borrow from no one. and which breathes through 
the whole of his writings. If an}' of your readers 
could give me ihe dale and title of the above volume 

I would feel obliged. John Ingram. 

Mitchell Library, t ilasgow. 


352. Kennedy Clark (Hi., 95, no, 126: I\ T ., 
58). —The copy of " Poems" by Kennedy ( lark de- 
scribed at the last reference is not the only edition of 
that curious production. There was a second edition, 
a copy of which is in the Aberdeen Town House 
Library, hearing the imprint — ' 4 lJanflf : printed by 
]. Dav idson, 1S05," and having this prefatory note 
by the author: — " My London edition of this hook, 

I dedicated to the gentlemen students of Eton Col- 
lege. Hut this one, 1 dedicate to the spirited gentle- 
men, the manufacturers of Aberdeen. Obviously, 
K. C. must have been a bit of a character. 

A. W. Robertson. 

500. HANDLISTING (IV., 161). Vide Scott's Mo- 
nastery, Chap. xxv.. the Editor of the "Centenary 
Edition" has added the following note : — " This 
custom of handfasting actually prevailed in the up- 
land days. It partly from the want of priests. 
While the convents subsisted, monks were detached 
on regular circuits through the wilder districts, to 
marry those who had lived in this species of con- 
nection. A practice of the same kind existed in the 
Isle of Portland." Scott indicates that the custom 

was confined to the Borders, and did not extend to 
•'Fife and Lothian," and that "a year and a day" 
was the limit of the contract. The usual name given 
to the custom is "handfasting" as in the above ex- 
tract. Can it have been so called from its similarity 
to the "joining" of true marriage ? The term "hand- 
fisting" seems doubtful from the occurrence of two 
words for the same thing in the one compound, unless 
it he that a distinction is thus meant to he drawn 
between the hands of the "contracting parties," 
"list" being reserved for that of the sterner sex. A 
similar custom prevailed among the Romans, the 
marriage being consummated, if the woman had nut 
been absent from the home of her intended husband 
for more than three consecutive days daring the vear. 

j. C. R. 

501. Leslies of Findrassie (Vol. IV., 162). 
The family ol Leslie of Findrassie became united 
with the family of Leslie of Wardes by the marriage, 
in 1794, of Sir John Leslie, 4th Baronet of Wardes, 
with Caroline-Jemima, only daughter and heiress of 
Abraham Leslie, Esq, of Findrassie, who hail issue - 
3 sou-, and j daughters. lie died in 1825. His 
eldest .son, Sir Charles Abraham, 5 ill Baronet, was 
succeeded by his eldest son, Sir Norman Robert, 
6th Baronet. The latter was a lieutenant in the 19th 
Bengal Native Infantry, and was killed at Rohnee in 
India, during the Sepoy Mutiny, June 12th, 1857. 
By his wife, Jessie- Elizabeth, third daughter of 
Major Robert Wood Smith, 6th Bengal Light Cavalry, 
he had a son and five daughters. The son, Sir 
Charles Henry, born at Lahore, Bengal, in 184S, suc- 
ceeded his fathei as 7th Baronet, and is at present the 
representative of the Findrassie and Wardes families. 
Arms — Leslie of Wardes and Findrassie Hart. 
Quarterly ist and 4th Argent % on a bend azure, 
between two holly leaves, vert, three buckles, or. 
2nd and 3rd, counter quartered for Leslie of Findras- 
sie, 1st and 41I1, Argent^ on a bend, azure t three 
buckles,*?/'. 2nd ami 3rd or , a lion rampant gules, 
surrounded by a baton sable: all within a bordure 
cheeky gules and or. Lit ILEFIRLOT. 

Communications should be written on one 
side of the paper only, and to prevent mistakes, 
in a legible hand. Proper names, obsolete and 
foreign words, and dales should be specially 



[February, i 891. 


The Critical Review of Theological and Philo- ' 
sophical Literature, No. r. Edited by Pro- 
fessor S. D. F. Salmon i), D.I.). Edinburgh : 
T. & T. Clark. 
The Critical Review has grown out of the The- , 
oiogical Review, which was started and chiefly 
maintained by the younger men of ability in the 
Free Church. Although its scope is cosmopoli- 
tan, tin: Critical, like its predecessor, owes its 
existence to Free Church enterprise and scholar- 
ship. Its editor and at least fifteen of the contri- 
butors to the opening number are Free Church- 
men. This may have been a matter ofnecessity at 
the outset, but it will be well that the Chinch at 
large should be more extensively drawn upon 
in the future if the Review is to succeed in oc- | 
cupying the position to which it aspires. It 
aims at taking higher -round than the Theologi- 
cal, and filling the place in Britain that the 
Theologische IJt&ratUrzeitttng and Theologischer 
fahresbericht do in Germany. It is, of course, 
unfair to judge of the editor's ideal by the first 
attempt to realise it. hi general attractiveness, 
external and literary, the Critical Review is 
superior to the magazines referred to, but the 
German reviews are narrower in scope and the 
class to which they appeal. The)- are written 
by theologians for theologians, by specialists for 
specialists. If we look for their analogues in 
Great Britain we must go outside theology, and 
find them, say, in the Lancet or the British Me- 1 
ii'icat Journal^ where the purely lay, or non- 
professional element is ignored. It is highly 
creditable that hard-worked city clergymen are 
able to keep abreast of the latest theology, and 
to pass judgment on chose who provide it ; it is 
laudable to provide a magazine which shall 
"address itself to all, whether lay or clerical, 
who give intelligent attention to the religious 
questions of the day " ; but this we think is 
what the Critical Review ought not to do. 
Why should so much deference be paid to. the 
"general reader," that great nightmare of 
English editors? Is not that large class who 
give attention to religious questions abundantly 
provided for ahead)' ? Religion is, of course, 
everybody's business, but theology is not. It is 
a science or nothing, and ought to be treated, 
not in a dilettante fashion, but in a scientific 
manner. Dr. Sahnond has made the first 
number of the Critical Review attractive and 
popular, and it is the first satisfactory at- 
tempt in this country to pass in review the 
advanced scholarship of the day in theology 
and philosophy, and as such is to be wel- 
comed. In Dr. Salmond's hands, and with his 
fulness of knowledge in the literatur - of the i 

Continent, it ought to be a success. Articles like 
those by Principal Rainy, Dr. Davidson, Canon 
Driver, Dr. Hutchison Stirling, &&, with the 
subjects they discuss here, will do much to open 
the eyes of distinguished theologians like Pro- 
fessor Beyschlag that English theology is not to 
be judged by " Robert Elsmere " and an Ex- 
Prime Minister's criticism thereon. The Critical 
Review has a field and a future before it. As a 
true reflection of the highest thought of the age, 
it will become more and more valuable as an 
authoritative guide and work of reference. The 
"Record of Select Literature" is especially 
worthy of praise. Its value would be enhanced 
by giving the prirc of the books where know n. 

Scottish Abbeys and Cathedrals, By Joseph 
Robertson, LI.. I)., with Biographical Memoir 
of the Author. Aberdeen : D. Wyllie & Son, 
1891. [xxxix. + 105 pp., 7 X in.] 
It has been w ell remarked that there are two 
classes of speakers - those who speak because 
they have something to say; and those who 
speak because the)' would like to say something'. 
There is no need to say to which of these .Mr. 
Robertson belonged. Again and again have we 
had occasion to refer to Robertson's work with 
increasing emphasis as to its excellence. No 
better proof could lie afforded of the fact that 
he always wrote from a mind fully charged with 
his subject than that this reprint, which origin- 
all)' appeared in the The Quarterly Review in 
June 1*849, remains even unto this day the 
authority on the subject. Professing to be a 
review chiefly of Billings' Baronial and Ecclesi- 
astical Antiquities of 'Scotland, it is really an in- 
dependent treatise, valuable alike for its positive 
information and suggestions as to original 
sources, as well as for sound judgment and 
hap]))' treatment of the subject. That it was 
one to his liking is evinced in every page. The 
publishers deserve well for their intelligent 
enterprise in issuing this work, which is attrac- 
tively got up and ought to be popular. The 
biographical notice prefacing the book is a 
happy idea, lest a new reading public arise 
who should not know Joseph. It is done with 
tact and ability. We endorse the perfect fair- 
ness of the criticism on "The Book oi Bon- 
Accord." Aberdonians will always have a sort 
ol" grudge at Mr. Robertson, that in having 
done so much for his native town he did not do 
more, and with more justice to himself. The 
great moral of a life like his seems to be that 
his work was one so entirely in harmony with 
his instincts and sympathies its supreme excel- 
lency placing him in the. very front rank (ii not 
the first) of Scottish Antiquaries, 



The Witch of Inverness and the Jhairies of \ 
Tomnahurich. Inverness : John Noble, 1891. 
[48 pp., 7!4 x 4/ 2 in.] 
In the north country fairy faith and lore are 
dyihgf hard, but they arc dying ; and it is sought 
in this little book to preserve some of those j 
legends of the supernatural that belong to the 
district. The principal feature of the publica- J 
tion is that of the Witch of Inverness by Joseph 
Train, an Ayrshire man, the friend and corres- 
pondent of Sir Walter Scott. It is a vigorous 
tale in octosyllabic verse, after Tarn o' Shunter^ 
only more gruesome. The book will doubtless 
be welcome of a forenicht by man) an ingle 
ncuk. En. 

Far and Near. The Book of the Grand Indian 
Bazaar. Aberdeen : The University Press, 
1.890. [97 pp., 8vo.] 
Our social hie is now a-days not complete 
without bazaars, which in their turn are not 
complete without a "book" to which people i 
with the habit of the pen and pencil contribute 
according to their several ability. The subject 
matter in Far ana' Near is at its best in the 
poetic pieces, some ol which are of a superior 
order, including old hands and new. Fine 
photo-lithographic portraits of the local Catholic 
clergymen are given with useful biographic 
notices of Bishops Macdonald and (bant. As 
a specimen of Aberdeen printing the production 
is highly creditable— the text being enclosed in 
red rubrics, nicely registered. The book, which 
sold well, will long remain a pleasant memorial 
of an interesting occasion. Ed. 


The following list of words, showing the close 
resemblance between the Scandinavian and 
Scotch languages, is extracted from the Kings 
Own, by the Rev. James Wells. Those of our 
scholarly readers who know the Norse language, 
will confer a favour, by sending contributions 
to swell the list : — • 

"Trees and common plants have usually the 
same names in Noise and old Scotch. The 
Norse names stand first in my list. Aak (oak), 
aik ; furutre, firtree ; baerk (birch), birk ; aelder, 
alder ; rowantre (mountain ash), rowantree ; 
ulm, elm ; blaebaer, blaeberries ; hoi, hay ; 
lyng (heather), ling ; mos, moss ; gras, grass. 
Crossing a fiord one day, I asked the boatman 
the name of each part of the ship. It was word 
for word the same as with us, such as seil, sail ; 
jaegt, yacht ; aare (pronounced ore), oar ; skip- 
per, skipper ; for (before), aften, fore and aft ; 
heave up and lad gae (in loading) ; soefarend, 

seafaring. Their rudder was not amidships, 
but (as it often still is) on the right hand side, a 
few feet from tin; stem. This they call the 
styrbord, hence our starboard ; larboard is also 
from them. With ^hip^ they brought us mer- 
chandise. Chapman is their word for a mer- 
chant, as it once was ours. Almost every local 
name in Orkney and Shetland is Norse. Shet- 
land belonged wholly to Norway till 1468 ; and 
it is from the Norse that the Shetlanders derive 
their flaxen hair, blue eyes, sinew)- limbs, and 
names ending in ' son,' which is still the most 
frequent suffix in Norway. Caithness and Suth- 
erland are Norse names. 

"There i^ a striking resemblance between the 
Noise dialect and the old Scot* h. Very many 
of their words look like misspelt or abraded 
Scotch. Every Norse collage has a ' rock, and 
a reel, and a wee pickle tow.' Pointing to it, I 
asked- ■ ' What i.-> that ?' ' Spinnie rock.' Then 
you find guard (an enclosure or farm-house), our 
farm-yard and garden ; kirkegaard, kirkyard ; 
byr, byre ; sted (a place), steading ; tjern, tarn ; 
torfj turf ; bygning, biggin'; vindue (literally 
wind's eye), window ; hyrde (shepherd), herd ; 
kjokken, kitchen ; modden, midden (dunghill) ; 
flyttede, flitted ; kiste, kist (a chest) ; spare- 
bank, savings bank ; taend stikker (matches), 
tinder sticks. Carlyle often speaks of the 
.Berserkers that is, baresarkers, so called be- 
cause they fought in their shirt sleeves like 
the Highlanders' at Killiccrankie. Then you 
have saga, saw ; dommc dag, doomsday ; 
fryght, fricht (fright) ; gowk (cuckoo;, gowk 
(simpleton) ; mouge (mosquito), midge ; klaeg 
(gad fly,, kleg ; kjend, kent ; intake, mirk ; 
drukket, druckit ; drukken, diucken ; sink, 
slocken ; sikkert (safe), siccar ; deel (a part), 
dail ; loere, lore ; mer and mest, mail- and 
maist ; give gav (give gave), gif gaf; 61 (ale), 
yil ; nette (neat;, nate (rale nate) ; find 
(beautiful), fine ; jammar, yemmer ; smit- 
som (contagious), smittal ; Ulifok, blink ; ort 
(a place), airt ; spiirge (ask), speer. So over- 
flowing is this well-spring of pure pathetic 
Scotch. Our teinds is their teinde (tenths). 
Some words are found in the German, Noise, 
and Scotch ; but plainly they have travelled 
from Germany to Scotland by the round- 
about load of Scandinavia, for the Scotch 
word is far nearer the Norse than the Ger- 

Back Numbers of the current volume of 
Scottish Notes and Qutries y also those of the 
previous volumes not out of print, may be had 
on application to the Publishers, Messrs. I). 
Wyllie & Son, Booksellers to the Queen, Aber- 
deen. Copies of No. 5, vol. I. wanted. 

t9H scon J SI 1 NOTES 

British Record Society 

Into which is amalgamated the Index Society, founded 1878 


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The Right Hon, A. M. PORTER, Masterofthe Rolls, Ireland. 

The Society 's issues appear in the INDEX LIBRARY, 
which is issued quarterly. 

Already completed 01 in progress : — 
Northampton and Rutland Wills, 1508-1652. 
Chancery Proceedings, temp. Charles L, Royalist. 
Composition Papers; Signet Bills, 1584-1624. 
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The Subscription is 8/- (8 Quarterly Parts at i,;/- each), pay 
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London : Mitchell and Hughes, 140, Wardour St., W. 

Berkshire Notes and Queries ; 

A Quarterly Journal devoted 10 the Family History, 
Antiquities, and Topography of the Royal County. 
Part I., Vol. a., published June, 1890. Subscription 5/ per 
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A Quarterly Journal devoted to the Antiquities, Geology, 
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Northampton, and Norfolk. 

Price 1/6 per Quarter. 
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p™™,„» , — nmnnmnMnmm,,, , 

Newton • A herd eensh ire, 

Vf'Jt>uu» «. Son* 



Vol. IV. | No. ro. 


MARCH, j 89 I • 

I Pun Post iU 

The Newton 
S. andinavia ; 

table Mi 
al for W 

.. 187 


, Am 
ikl A 1 


Soots M« 
berl Men 




T 1 1 ]| N EWTO N " I MTS C R J PTJ O X " ST( ) N h 
Out of Query 433 have sprung various refer 
ences to this remarkable stone (pp, 17, 39, 164) 
and tois ni", iih vu' present .1 faithful representa 
tic'm, in'in phou*£tt*plts kindly furnished by Mr 
Cordon of iNrwion, on whose ©state the stout 
stands' The following additional notes are fron 
the pen of the l&ev. j. M. Agnew, North Walls 
Shetland, w ho gives an entirely new rendering 
of the inscription, based 
gives a complete alphab 
guage. Kesays; r ^Lha 
it w ith the C 1 iptic, which 
to it, but am sine that tl 
tniru.-d me re or < it her Leltc 
shews. 1 render ihe t ransi.iiuui urns : 

Ac// Kuiu !i s/ii'i' S/yc}' 
A/if Count of Sli.-va. li |ftmi] Sjyei Countess] 

Xyolouobth Toichpchdli et 

|hyj Xyulouol.tK Mate] train pi ed to dentil in the- year 

Kt '/'sous it i) ' 

->.|i of t Ik: Cut off Saviour. 

As regards the priiLihlrs upon which 1 base 
my interpretation^ thai does not rest on th - 
il the inscrij 

the theory that it 
\i the Pictish lan- 
iligently compared 
most closely 'allied 
I phabei ne\ er con- 
inn this inscription 


ol yje Lett e 1 s ol 1 lie inscription to 
tlmse w\ any one language, as 60* the othei s, but 
on their 1 vsemblance to nil the/ letters I could 
find that are tike them. These 1 have ihon.'forc 
collected in a table and ii is from that table that 

I deduce, not only the meaning of the letters and 
the words they form, and the meaning of these 
s - again, but also the nature of the- language that 
\ I is hen.- : and therefore find that ii belongs to no 
i known language, but to one now lost, and the 
j more full)' to know what it was, and therefore 
how to interpret it, I compare all its letters most 
fully with those of these different languages (30 
in number). 

Having thus shewn what the letters mean, 
and the inscription sets forth, 1 next proceed to 
consider what unknown, or lost, language it is 
in, and so endeavour to show ii is Pictish, be 
cause it is found in that part of Scotland in which 
the Picts lived, while the language is said to 
have been lost about a thousand years ago. 
And ihe more full) to prove that point, I pro- 
ceed to consider the origin and history of that 
people, as given by themselves in their Chro- 
nicles, and so trace them to Ireland, France, 
Scythia 01 Thrace, and from thence t© Colchis 
ami Kgypt, and thus connect them in descent 
with the Copts or Egyptians, whose language, 
we have seen, this inscription most resembles. 
Moreover," 1 trace, briefly, tin 1 history of the 
people. After they settled in Scotland, I find 
in thai up io ihe time this stone was engraven 
—enough 10 account for all the peculiarities 
which the- letters and language exhibit, and thus 
obtain another proof that the language is Pict- 
ish. And having done that I next proceed to 
consider all the remains of that language that I 
caw find ; and though there is no word or sylla- 
ble to be found anywhere thai at all agrees with 
this in firm or meaning, I find that in every 
pail ol' 1! cse remains there are very clear and 
undeniable I races of the self-same language 
that we have in this inscription, and as undeni- 
ably thatthelanguageis Pictish, and the meaning 
1 have given to it is as undeniably its meaning, 
h follows, I think, very clearly from that, that 
this too is Pictish* 

Camden gives, in his Britannia, this inscrip- 
tion, which I hold is nearly the same as we have 
here: s Asth'ius Comes Phtormn, et Syra, 
cum ..•/•< /v, lot u m solvere^ which may be thus 
rendered- ' Astcrius. a Count of the Picts, and 
Syra fliis Countess, probably,) with theirs {i.e. 
children, &c.j paid their vow. 1 For all can 
not but see from that, that these Picts had their 

1 88 


[Marcs, i 89 i . 

Counts, and that they had, in partii ular, such a 
Count as Azif, or Asterius, who had such a 
Countess as Syra, or Sjyer, and that both prob- 
ably suffered in this way. For though I cannot 
fully prove that, as Camden gives no dates for 
the inscription, yet all must allow, it would be 
more than wonderful if we had more than one 
Azif or Asterius, a Count of the Picts, w ho had 
a Countess Sjyer, or Syra, ami that both or all 
were so famous, that their vow-, or death', should 
be recorded on monuments. 1 hold, then, that 
the two monuments refer to one and the same 
Asterius and Syra, or Azii and Sjyer ; and that 
the vow Asterius and Sjyer paid with theirs was 
the very death that Azii and Sjyer are here said 
to have suffered at the hands, or rather feet, of 
Xyolouobth and party. And what lenders 
that all the more certain, is that all around w here 
this stone stood first, there were man) - human 
remains found, as Lord Southesk has very wisely 
pointed out, as if those they belonged to had 
fallen in a feud, and they had been, therefore, 
very hastily and unceremoniously buried. And 
still more to thicken the proof, and remove any 
doubt that might still linger in the minds of any 
that Asterius ami Syra probably lived .it a much 
later period, I would just remind such, that this 
was the very time when the Pictish nation had 
lately come into closest contact with the Romans 
as their allies, &c, and when, therefore, they 
were most likely to have Counts. Anal to shew 
such that Asterius and Syra lived at that time — 
A.C. 241 - I would only refer them to the Equiies 
S\>;\ &c.„ that aie soon after mentioned as serv- 
ing in the Roman arm\ , and probably raised for 
the Romans l>y the very Sjyer, or Syra, that we 
are now dealing with. See 'Skene's Celtic Scot- 
land, Vol. I., p. 103, etc. 

There is, therefore, nothing that I know Of 
opposed to the view th.u 1 hold in regard to this 
inscription. II any has doubts or difficulties I 
shall be most happy to hear what they are, and 
consider and remove them, or shew them w hat 
I think they are worth. 1 have not the least 
doubt that 1 have found the only interpretation 
the words will admit of." 


THE following is a li:-.t of tin? works issued by 
Aberdeen publishers during the past year :— 

Aberdeen, Bishop of.- A Charge delivered to the 
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Do. do. — A Letter by the Bishop of Abeideen and 

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Aberdeen Mechanical Society. Kxcerpt Transac- 
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Edited by a Sub-Committee. Aberdeen : Published 
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Aberdeen University Aits Chi.-,-, 1884-8, Record. 
Aberdeen Working Men's Natural History Society. 
Pp. 11. Reprint from Aberdeen /ottrita/ of 4th and 
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Aitken, William S. -Maximus In Minimis; or, 
Sketches and Poems. By William S. Aitken, Author 
of" StarDusV' ■ ' Sketches," &c. Aberdeen : Printed 
at the Free Press Office. Pp. xi. + 144. 

Allan, William; — Sprays from.lhe Mill. Songs and 
Poems with Music. By William Allan, Stoneywood 
Works. Aberdeen : Printed for the Author at the 
Free Press Office, 1889. bp. 112. (Actually pub- 
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Anderson, Alex. - Aberdeen, iSno. With Map. 
A Handy Illustrated Guide for those taking a passing 
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Andrew Cibb & Co., 3 Queen Street. 1'p. 32. 

Anderson, 1'. f. Inventories of Records Illustrat- 
ing the History of the Burgh of Aberdeen, by 1'. J. 
Anderson. Aberdeen University Press. Pp. 60. 

Barry, Mailman. The Labour Day. by Mail- 
man Barry. An Address delivered before the Trades 
Council of Aberdee n, on August 12, 1S90, and now 
j published by them. Abeidc.-n : Printed by John 
Avery & Co., Limited, IV- 47- 

Bibliotheca Lindesiana. Catalogue of a Collection 
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Bulloch, b Malcolm. —The Lord Rectors of the 
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Burnett, Alex. (■. The Faithful Minister of Christ : 
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1890. By Alex. G. Burnett of Kemnay. With l or- 
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Do. do.— The bhst Commandment with Promise; 
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March, 1891.] 



Excursion to Braeriach and Cairn Toul, 14th fuly, 
1890. Pp. 28. 

Excursion to Tap o 5 Noth, 22nd September, 1890. 
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[Carnie, William]. -Waifs .if Rhyme, Aberdeen : 
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[Catalogue of] Aberdeen Fine Art Loan Exhibition 
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[Catalogue of] Aberdeen Artists' Society Fifth An- 
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Catalogue of Ait Exhibition in connection with the 
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Champion, II. II. — Eight Hours Movement: 
Speech by Mr. 11. II. Champion, at Eight Hours 
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Charters and other Writ.-, Illustrating the History 
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Christie, Lev. James.— A Critical but Filial Ana- 
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Christie, Rev. John, D.D.— Historical Develop- 
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Cooper, Rev. fames. — John Henry Newman. A 
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Coutts, William.- The Odes of Horace Translated 
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Cruickshank, A. W. — "Can Dairying be made a 
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I Dalgarno, James.— From the Brig o ! Balgownie 
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Evangelical Faith {The) : Its Centre and Evidence, 
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Cordon, C. A. —A Concise History of the Ancient 
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Henderson, John A. --History of the Parish of 
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'How to 




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. . Aber 

[March, 1891 

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Robert Anderson. 
( To be concluded next number.) 

To give anything like a complete list of Scottish 
words which have parallels 111 Norse w ould be a 
large undertaking, and would probably be very 
misleading. The two languages have much in 
common, partly as belonging to the same family 
of tongues, and partly because different phonetic 
laws have often produced results very closely 
akin. In the article, however, reprinted in the 
February number (p, 113), there is much that is 
either superfluous or erroneous. In many of the I 
instances given, the Norse is quite as near the | 
English as the Scottish, and, as pronounced, | 
differs very much from both. Tims the 1 
Norse toi ins tor (hr woi ds pi tilted Aak\ b/th'but'r, 
gai are eik (Dan. ceg\ bla<tbwr^ gtf or jfiia {<ia 
sounds almost like a). Even where the words 
arc very like each other tins does not show any 
immediate connection, since the Scottish word 
can nearly always be derived by strict phonetic 
laws from the Old English (Anglo-Saxon) forms. 
Norse and Scottish have indeed been more con- 
servative in several respects than English or 
High German, and this adds to their similarity. 

What is really of interest and of service is to 
ascertain the words that actually have pasted 
from Old Norse (-or Icelandic) into Scottish. 
This is not always easy, since it is sometimes 
difficult to say positively whether the word might 
not also have been a. Saxon one. A clear case 
can however be made out tor a number of words | 

Nieve(lCt) : < ). N. hneii ; Dan. naeve. 
Loof (palm of the hand) : (). N. loli. 
Chafts (jaws) : O. N. kjaptr . Dan. kjaef. (/sounds 

as y, and // as ft.) 
Side ( long, as in Lindsay's side tails, i.e. long 
trains; s O. \. sidhr : Dan. sid, (also used of 

" the man with the lultkin hand," 
Rhymer's prophecy) : O. N. luka.: 

Conk (to do 

in Thonia* 

Dan. Ivkk 
Rife (plentiful) : O. N. rlfr. 
Lown (quietD 0. N. logn ; Swed. lugn. 
$pae (to prophecy) : (). N. spa. So spakona, 

spae-wile, spa-madhr, spae-man. 
Fere (sound, in the phrase " hale and fere") : 0. X 

fa,-rr, capable. 
Tyne (to lose): O. N. lyna. (From the 0. E. 

teona came lent, hurt, vexation), 
Tynsel (loss). The word is not in ( ). N., hut the 

suffix -scl is Scandinavian. So in yemsel (keep- 
ing) from O. N. geymsla. 
Car (to compel) : 0. N. gera, to do, to make : 

Dan. gjorc. 

Husk (to prepare): O. N. buask, a middle voice 

from baa, to prepare; 
IJame-sucken (old k- L 

an attack on one's h 
Midden : O.N. 


Saikless (innocent) : 0. N. saklauss : Swed. sack- 

term) : 0. N. heim-sokn, 
e . 

ddyngja (muck-heap) : Dan. 

Spier (ask) : O. N. spyrja : Dan. sporge. 
Touivin the sense of farm-town is Norse; so i.-, 
fee in the sense of sheep (" kepand a flqk of fe," 
IK-nryson). Q, Eng. )e usually meant cattle. 
A number oi the above words are also found 
1 j in ( >ld English, and the follow ing i ommon words 
■ in both languages have a northern origin:— 
' call, cast, droop", earl, egg, fellow, (lit, ill,' knife, 
loft, odd, ransack, sky, take, window. The fol- 
lowing Scottish words are also deserving of 
notice : — 

drukken shows the northern change of ///• to kk, 
which only occurs in the Scandinavian tongues. 
So std'&in appears at least on ;e in Old Scottish 



the ; 

1111,1,11 SP«K« 
s purely X, 

live thai m old wi 
eech, is a Norse fori 

a ni 

nd is unUnow n to the 

lhaii. 1 In-, form m;i v 
iltish pronunciation- -"I 


both m English and Scottish. Of the forme 
list is given at the end of Vigfusson & Powell's I 
Icelandic reader; of the latter the following in- j 
stances may be noticed, several ol them bein 
in the article above referred to 

Rowan-tree is the 0. Norse reynir : Mod, Nors< 
rogn, raagn or rami : 1 fan. ron. 

Big(= build): O. N. byggja ; Dan. byggc 

The use of freeml as meaning relative is Norse, 
in which there i.s a different word for friend, 
vise., veil. 

'l\inds come from O. N. tii/nd, while Eng. tithe 
is from O. Eng. lent ha. The same ending ap- 
pears in O. Scot, auchtand eighth j 0. N. 

The above lisl might be added to, but the 
whole number ot words thus borrowed is not 
very extensive. W here the word can come from 

March, 1891.] 

Old English there is no need to go to Norse for 
it. Nor would it be easy to'prove a single in- 
stance of words passing into Scottish from Ger- 
man through Norse, as suggested at the end of 
the Rev. Mr. Wells' article. The derivation, 
moreover, of Berserkir is not " bare-shirts", but 
" bear-shirts " ; they are also called '"wolf- 

The speech of Orkney and Shetland naturally 
contains a larger number of Norse words, since 
the inhabitants were originally Norse, and the 
language remained down to tin- 17th century. 

Oriel Coll., Oxford. W. A. Craigie. 

( Continued from pmgt ifj). 

1884. " The Dilettante? a Literary, Artistic 
and Social Review. No. 1, Saturday, October 
nth, 1884. One penny. Printed for the Pro- 
prietors by John Grieve, Printer and Stationer, 
19 and 21 Nethergate, Dundee. All Editorial 
communications addressed to " Editor," I. undies, 
lor Nethergate. Published fortnightly. Size 
of the first number, 10 by 6. 8 pages. The suc- 
ceeding were j 1 by 8 V, having from 8 to 12 
pages each. Only 8 numbers issued. The im- 
print after No. 3 was "Dundee: Printed for 

the Proprietors by James P. M tithe w & Co., 17 
Cowgate. Wholesale Agents, famdie, 101 Ne- 
thergate, Dundee." The Editors of the "Dilet- 
tante" were George Scrymgeour, now of the 
Piper d Dundee, David Saunders, and Alfred 
Gibson, both now connected with the Star 
newspaper of London, W. 11. Roy, a local con- 
tributor to various technical journals. The 
business manager of the paper was Charles 
Scrymgeour. In introducing the first number 
the editors say In the course of our connec- 
tion with vai ious Societies of a literary, scientific, 
musical, and 'similar nature, wo have often 
thought that the\' would be benefited in manv 
ways by having some journal in which their 
members could discuss the proceedings of their 
various Societies, and suggest improved methods 
of carrying on the work, which would also form 
a. permanent record of the thought and work ex- 
pended on the various Societies represented in 
its columns. In ea(h issue we intend to give 
brief reviews of lectures, essa\s, debates, that 
have been brought before the various Societies 
in which our magazine may be circulated, and no 
efforts, we can assure our readers, will be want- 
ing on our part to make the " IMJettatife" a first- 
class amateur, literary journal/' 

1886. the Piper o Bmtitee. l> Wisna he a ! 
ro^uey?" No. [,, Dundee, Saturday, October 
30th, 1886. Price, a Bawbee. [hinted for the 


Proprietors by James P. Mathew & Co., 17 Cow- 
gate, and published by George Scrymgeour, at 
the News Bureau," Thorter Row, Dundee. 
The introductory notice to the first number, 
under the heading of "The Piper's Return," 
ipves the Origin of the name of this publication: 
"The Dundee Advertiser quoted the following 
extractfrom 'Ancient Dundee' by W. flay, Esq., 
Town Clerk : - 'The Piper of Dundee was a well- 
known official for centuries, his duty being to 
warn the inhabitants to keep within doors at 
night, and to rouse them at early morn. This 
official wore the town's livery, and had a salary 
raised by a tax on the inhabitants. ..... 

Some of these pipers, no doubt, were also pos- 
sessed of that sly humour which we often lind 
associated with musical genius, and that they 
often played tunes of a satirical reference not 
altogether to the liking of some in authority. 
Whether tins peculiarity and exercise gave rise; 
to the song with which we are familiar 1 cannot 
say, but in this way we may probably account 
for his being 'a roguey, the piper o' Dundee'.' 
On reading this pithy paragraph we resolved 
that the; Piper should live again. Clothed in 
this livery we propose to raise his salary by a 
tax on the inhabitants of a bawbee a head." The 
Piper d Dundee was founded by George Scrym- 
geour, and he edited, managed, and published 
the paper till 28th October, 1 887, when Messrs. 
J. P. Mathew & Co., who had printed the Piper 
from its commencement, acquired the copyright, 
and from thai datetill now [1891] Messrs Mathew 
have published the Pi/ur, Mr. Scrymgeour 
continuing to act as editor. In us earlier days 
the editor did the whole literary work, being as- 
sisted from time to time by his lather, the late 
Mr, fames Scrymgeour, and by his brothers, 
Charles, Edwin, and Nprval ; his sister, Miss 
f anny Scrymgeour, occasionally acting* as lady 
correspondent. The office of the Piper was a 
llow ff for a large number of literary young men 
connected with political associations, Radical, 
Liberal, Tory, and Irish Dome Rulers, and 
with various London and provincial newspapers. 
Prom amongst these the editor sele< ted a staff 
of contributors. Mr. Scrymgeour continued to 
write under various noms deplume to the Piper, 
and the other writers dealt with public affairs in 
Dundee, each from his own standpoint, giving 
the Piper a many-sidedness which made a repu- 
tation for it in Dundee and district. Some 
of the papers contributed to 1 the Piper at- 
tracted special attention, notably a series of 
Letters to the Churches," by a Dundee gentle- 
man. The introduction of a Portrait Gallery 
proved ; i popular feat me, the portraits being 
executed in excellent style by David Clark, John 
T. 1 )uncan, 1 )avid Gray, John Pollock, and other 




[March, 1891. 

Dundee artists, J. Michael Brown of Edinburgh 
occasionally contributing portraits for special 
numbers. A large staff of local artists supply 
comic sketches and cartoons regularly. 

1887. The Household Advertiser. Weekly 
circulation, 15,000, gratis. No. 1, Dundee, Fri- 
day, January 28, 1887. Printed and published 
by the Caledonian Advertising Agency, Com- 
mercial Hank Buildings, 87 Commercial Street, 
Rattray & Co., proprietors. No. 18, May 27. 
Printed and published by the Caledonian Adver- 
tising Agency, 9 Ward Road, Rattray & Co., 
proprietors. No. 19, last number issued. Size, 
4 pages, 17)2 by \\%. "Parties who do not 
obtain copies ot" the paper are requested to call 
or send to J. Bedford, Bookseller and Stationer, 
1 to Murrygate, and D. R. Jamieson, London ik. 
Ceylon Tea Co., 22 Princes Street. Births, 
Marriages, and Deaths, will be inserted free of 
charge." Although an advertising paper it had a 
column lor a Leader, another devoted to "The 
Chimney Corner," Short or Continued Stories, 
" Interesting Bits," &C ; and a third to Notes 
"From our critic's pen," "The Theatre," and 
other amusements. 

1887. The Dundee Economist and Household 
Advertiser. No. 1, Friday, 16th September, 
1887. Gratis. Printed for the Proprietors, J). 
Luke & Company, 115 Murraygate, Dundee, 
Size, 15 by 10, four pages. There were 5000 
printed weekly, and distributed to the public at 
their houses. It devoted one page weekly to 
"matters pertaining to the household, thus mak- 
ing it a welcome guest at the fireside." Only a 
few numbers were issued. 

1887. The Machinery and Men antile ( lasette. 
A Monthly Register of New and Second-Hand 
Machinery and Appliances of every description. 
For Sale and Wanted. October, [887. Pro- 
prietors, Simpson & Son, 104 Commercial Street, 
Dundee. Price Threepence, Size, 11 by 
The first number was published in October, 1887. 
After the first number it was issued to subscribers 
only at v- per annum. " This Gazette was 
established for the purpose of providing users of 
machinery with a medium for the introduction 
of buyer and seller to their mutual advantage, 
there being always machinery and appliances 
for disposal which cannot be got rut of, and the 
same constantly required." It lasted for thirteen 
months, and was only discontinued when 
Mr. Simpson left Dundee. 

1887. The Band of Hope Union. Size 7 ! + by 
6!.£. To enable the Dundee and District band 
of Hope Onion to disseminate temperancte 
literature amongst the various Societies with 
which it was connected. 12,000 Advisers and 
Daysptings were sold by them in October, 1887. 
Eight pages of advertisements were secured and 

printed by R. S. Barrie, printer; 1 Hmdee. These 
were bound along with the above periodicals the 
revenue from w hich paid the cost of printing and 
binding, and covered a loss of 2;'- per 100. So 
great was the demand that 18,000 were distri- 
buted from October, 1888, to March, 1889. 

1887-8. The Forfarshire Directory^ including 
Dundee, Published by Charles Lamburn. Price 
2/6, size 7 X A by 5X- This is a IHrectury giving 
local information as to the inhabitants of the 
towns and villages in Forfarshire. Mr. Charles 
Lamburn, of 32 Charles Street, Dundee, tor 
several years has published Directories similar 
to the Forfarshire one, for Fifeshire and Perth- 

1888. Afasonic Gazette. Size 8vo. Four 
pages. This is a small publication devoted to 
information regarding the local masonic lodges. 
It also contains short essays, letters to corres- 
pondents, &c, and appears at intervals. Com- 
munications to be addressed to the Editor, care 
of Mr. Mawxell, Bookseller, Barrack Street, 
Dundee. Printed by J. Pcllow, Dundee. 

1888. the College. Vol. I., No. 1, Dec, 1888, 
price sixpence. Printed and published by Win. 
Kidd, Whitehall Street, Dundee. Size 8vo, 32 
pages. After the third number the price was 
reduced to threepence. The Editor, in his intro- 
ductory note, says — ' l A students' magazine is no 
new thing. Many have arisen, and it must also be 
said that many have found the way into 'the dim 
vistas of the past.' The fact that so large a number 
have come into existence, shows 1 hat the students 
feel the necessity of such a publication, dealing 
as it does with the surroundings ami circum- 
stances of theii daily work. Within the College 
walls a little world exists, with its own interests, 
cares, and pleasures, and these we deem are not 
altogether uninteresting to many who do not 
immediately come within its reach, especially to 

I the inhabitants of the city in which the College 
is situated." In a word " The College is to be a 
record of the doings of our College, and espe- 
cially' of those features which are oi interest to 
students." Each number is illustrated with a 
poi trait as a frontispiece, ami is embellished 
throughout with pen-and-ink sketches. 

18S9. Castle Street Literary Society Maga- 
zine, April, 1889. Dundee: Burns & Harris, 
Printers, 112 Nethergate. Size 8\ o, 32 pages. 
The idea of a Magazine m connection with the 
society originated will) their late Secretary 
(Mr. George Craw foul, son of the Rev. Mr. 
Crawford, Minister of the Congregational 
Church, Castle Street, Dundee), who was pre- 

I maturely removed from their midst by death 
on the 1st February, [889. The work of the 
session had been arranged by (ieorge Crawford, 
and the committee felt that they would best 

March 1897.] 



honour his memory by faithfully completing the 
programme he-had drawn up. lie was the Inst 
to welcome the proposal in establish the Maga- 
zine, and threw his heart and .soul into the work. 
The names of the writers of the essays are not 
given, as the members were desirous that this 
number of the Magazine should bear no other 
name than that of him to whose memory it was 
dedicated. The five Essays given in the Maga- 
zine constitute but a small portion of the So- 
ciety's work. Twenty-three papers were read 
during the Session. The number of articles to 
be printed was limited to five, and the Members 
made the selections by means of voting papers. 
These were "Elementary Education in Scot- 
land" ; "A Year's Stay in Germany'" ; "Village 
Life." ; "French Corned)' since Moliere" ; 

"Alexander Smith Dreamthorpe." Only one 

number was issued. 

1889. 'flic Dundee Radical Association Leaf- 
lets. No. 1, 1889. The Leaflet was 

published by this association as a warning to 
the working-men electors of Dundee to keep 
before them at the current November election. 
The headings are- "A Magisterial Riot," "The 
Leading Citizen Fraud," "How the money goes." 
Then follows a list ot Town Councillors, lead- 
ing Citizens, and others "who played high jinks 
with /,30c of the public funds at the opening of 
the new Lintrathen Main." Only one number 
was issued. 

1889. The City Echo. No. 1, Dundee, De- 
cember, 1889. Price one halfpenny. (The Dun- 

if Arms shown in the centre of the 
', 17 '» by it L, four pages. Printed 

dee Col 
title.) : 

by lames \\ Mmhew Co., 17 and ly Cow- I 
gate, Dundee, .md published by George Scrym- 1 
geour at the " News Bureau," Thorter Low, 
Dundee. The till)' Julio was a publication 
brought out in 18H9, in the interests of the 
Unionist party. li contains a long account of. 
Mr. Balfour's address at the Great Unionist De- 
monstration in the Waverley Banqueting Hall, 
Edinburgh, on 1889, with extracts from 

the Press all over the country. The editor, in 
speaking of the City Radicalism, says:- "The 
working classes of Dundee have for years bc,en 
gulled into the belief that the boasted Radical- 
ism of Dundee has been, and is, of the most 10- 
bust order, and the. coterie, of leaders have in ! 
conclave cachinnated over the success with which 
the thoughtless electors have been duped. Con- 
juring, with the name of Gladstone has been the 
order of the day, and the electors have been de - 
luded into voting for a millennium whi< h is ever 
in the dim and distant future:. prom such 
a combination the working classes of the 
country have nothing to hope, and the elec- 
tors of Dundee, tired of the hypocrisy ot City | 

Radicalism, will not longer vote for a party of 
promise, when facts have made clear to them 
that the party of performance is the Unionist 
party, which at present enjoys the confidence of 
all classes of electors of this great country." 
Only one number was issued. 

1890. The City Advertiser and Household 
Guide. Published by Mackenzie Macdonald, 
74 Commercial Street, Dundee. No. 1, Friday, 
2 1 st February, 1890. Gratis. Size, 10 by 7^, 
8 pages. This w as an advertising medium, the 
special feature of the "Guide" to advertisers 
being the method of distribution. The Publisher 
guaranteed as follows :—" I will print and cir- 
culate 5000 copies weekly, and that advertisers 
shall have a sure guarantee of the circulation, I 
will distribute 5000 copies in one ward each 
week, (with the exception of a few distributed 
among merchants and traders). Advertisers 
will always know by this means what part of the 
city they are distributed in in any particular 
week ; and to make the guarantee doubly sure, 
1 will keep a list of all the householders in any 
district, street, or building of dwelling-houses, so 
that he can see whether or not his customers, 
householders, and others, have received a copy 
the week it is circulated in that particular dis- 
trict. The distributors will be under the per- 
sonal supervision of myself (Mackenzie Mac- 
donald; and manager, who will see that they go 
to the top landing of every building and leave 
one copy to the householder. The paper was 
not successful, as only a few numbers were 

The Weekly Register, a broad sheet. Printed 
and published ;ii the Courier and Argus Office, 
and issued ever) Saturday. Price Five Shillings 
per annum. A vttde mecum of commercial in- 
formation. For ovei thirty years the Register 
has been regularly published in Dundee, giving 
a variety of information regarding the arrival 
and despatch of .mails, a timetable of railway 
trains with the fares, the sailing of steamers, the 
rising and setting of the sun and moon, tide 
tables, and other items of general interest, spe- 
cially important to men hants. 

Alexander C. Lamb. 

( To be continued, ) 


I HAVE read w ith much interest the contributions 
to your columns on the subject of the " Name, 
Family, and Arms of Skene," from the pen of 
the " Chief of the Name." Although an Austra- 
liau, born and bred, 1 have imbibed from my 
parents (both Scotch) a love for tin- history and 
literature of Scotland, which was much intensi- 
fied by a \ Tat to the "old country" from 1865 to 

i 9 4 


\ M VRCH, 1891. 

1867. -At that time I also hail the good fortune 
to become personally acquainted with Dr. Skene, 
the scholarly editor of the Memorials of the 
Family of Skene of 'Skene, and since then liavo 
taken every opportunity to make myself con- 
versant with the various ramifications and 
details of the family history. The opportunities 
of doing so at this distance, with any degree of 
accuracy, are small, and I am indebted to the 
courtesy of Dr. Skene for' the w hole of 
the information I have been able to acquire. 

Some traditions have come to me from my 
father and near relatives, the value of which 
depends of course upon the- closeness with 
which they approach any facts which can be: 
produced to support them. I shall return to 
this point later. There arc 1 1 note many points 
of difference between Dr. Skene and his chief 
and critic, Mr. Skene, attributable mainly, it 
seems to me, to the evident desire of the editor 
of Tlie Memorials to avoid throughout .my un- 
due magnification of traditions and suppositions 
that might seem boastful, without having any 
direct bearing upon the main aim of the work, 
which I understand to lie to illustrate, by means 
of family history, the various phases and educa- 
tional processes through which the people of 
Aberdeenshire have passed, to reach their pre- 
sent stage of development. 

However, it is not to express any opinion 
upon the merit or demerit of the different ways 
of treating the subject that [ now address you, 
but to take exception to Mr. Skene's sweeping 
assumption that the authentic male heirs of the 
Skenes must necessarily die out with him, or 
with the particular .branch of the famil) to which 
he belongs, Possibly 1 misapprehend his mean- 
ing of the word "authentic,'' or the accepted 
meaning oi the word as he applies it, but to me 
it seems that tint probability of some of the lines 
traced by Di. Skene, beiny able to prove their 
descent from the main lino, might well ci mm end 
itself to the mind of Mr. Skene, when he can 
write referring to the daughters of Alan Pur- 
ward that "it is extremely probable" (the italics 
are mine) "though far from proved, that one of 
them was married to John de Skene," <!\c, & c. 
I purpose now to attempt to show that, should 
all other lines fail, there is still a probability that 
proof may be forthcoming, if it is ever carefully 
sought for, that an authentic "chief of the name" 
may be found through a connection of the branch 
of the family to w hich 1 belong, with the Dyce 
branch of the family. As this matter, in the 
way Mr. Skene brings it forward, is of somewhat 
more than personal interest, I will ask yoii to 
kindly allow me space to bring forward some 
information tending to support this view, parti* 
cularly as, so tar an 1 know, such information 
has not previously "seen the light." 

In ihe first place then, although it maybe the 
weakesi portion of the evidence which 1 propose 
to adduce;, I shall begin with a tradition which 
1 find has been consistently handed down by 
the members of my family ol a generation older 
than myself, to the effect that, alter the death of 
the last Laird of Dyce, nay great-grandfather, 
"Thomas Skene in l'dackdog " t' whose name 
appears at the foot of page 128 of The Memo- 
rials), claimed to be the representative in the 
male line of the Dyce branch of the family. In 
support of this tradition, 1 have the following 
facts to advance. Dr. Skene, in 1876, writing in 
reply to a letter of mine asking for some parti- 
culars of my family history, says : -.- 

" My first visit In lielhelvie was in 1S32, and I 
then saw the ['a.rish Minister, who gave me the 
traditions of the parish. I also saw Mr. Thdmas 
Skene, fanner in Mackdog [? Fife], 1 and hi-, brother, 
Captain Alexander Skene, afterwards Major Skene. 
1 have fortunately preserved a note of my conversa- 
tions with them which I transcribe Fbi you. ' Minister 
said he always understood that Polterlon was the 
headquarters of all the Skenes in this neighbourhood, 
some of thewfi on Dyce, the present Skene h, Black- 
dog, and Baillie Skene in the Old Town.' 

Saw the fanner in Blaiefedog lie [hia father |, suc- 
ceeded baillie Skene, who died in iSoo, and yot the 
Dyce Hible. [of which more hereafter] from bain, fame 
originally he thought from Craigic, above rotter ton. 

Saw Captain Alexander Skene-. 13 Silver Street , 
said he was a brother of Skene in BlaeUdogj said 
that Potterron was the original seat, that, about 
200 years ago, a' Skene there' had seven sons, from 
whom came Newtyle, Mackdog, \e. Baillie Skene 
was his father's second cousin." 

Cumin.., to the "D\\e Table'* before men- 
tioned (winch 1 now have in in) possession), 
Dr.* Skene quotes from the manuscripts it con- 
tains, at page 85 of The Memorials, but through 
a defect in Some note's made b\ his father, as 
he has, since explained to me, erroneously 
attributed a portion of these MSS. to John 
Skene. Laird of Dyce, 1704-1720, and his 
mother, Anna Johnston of Kaskibcn, whereas, 
as I shall now proceed to show, they were all 
written b\ Patrick Skene, 6th son of Alexander 
Skene, l aird of Dyce. [665-1704, and his wife, 
Anna Johnston of Knskiben, and brother to the 
John Skene before mentioned. 

The MSS. are all apparently in tin same 
handwriting, anal begin as follows : 

"I wa . horn in Scotland, in Dyce, A" 1674, \wy 
father's name wa- Alexander Skene, I. .did of that 
place 5 my mother's name, Anna Johnston of Kaski- 
ben. 1 was educated at home until the 16 year of my 
age, and then i was sen 1 to the kingdom of Poland, 
and came to the city of Lublin in' 1690," \c., &c. 

' I 1 1 is fuin] 1- iti tlu- paii^h I' liclhilvie, V. trdto Siishire. Ii 
U glo.'.t: n> liiat pari •>!" tli<- <.i>.*..t where I he well known l>!.i.:l.«.l«.g 
rock is sitimlcil, and which ••iv< -. ii its name. -En. 

March, 1891.] 

scorns// no tes and queries. 


The second M S. is headed : 

•'Tin.- (\>pcy of the L'-ins which 1 got from Lady > 
Pyce Furhcss, (i random's widow, iV° 17. n." 

(There is a word unreadable between Dyee 
and Forbess ; i. 

Along the margin of the first portion ol' tin; ! 
record, a:-; given by Dr. Skene, is written tin; I 
following : 

" That w.o tew by Ann:. Johnston <>f ICaskihort, I 
wile 10 Ak-x. Skene of I )yee." 

Ii\ this portion of tin.' record, tin.- following j 
occurs : - 

" Patrick Skene wns hoi u the 5 nion 107.)." 

AI011- tin? margin of the second portion of the j 
record, are the w ords : 

" Was wi-ittcii by Jon Skene, Dyce." . 

And in tliK portion occurs the following : 

" 1 '.a riil: Skene A im to D.mi/.ik the last day and 
1 nvon 1690- 

These records ti\ absolutely not only the 
authorship of the MSS. in the Bible, but also 
the fact that in- -was Mill alive in 1743, when he 
got "the Copey of la-ins ;; from Lady Dyce. 

Advancing another stage, this Bible came 
into the possession ol Baillie .Skene of the Anld ! 
Town, and from him to no- great-grandfather, 
Thomas Skene m [jiackdog, who was, as I 
understand, the UailJie's residuary legatee. This 
appears inconsistent with any hypothesis that 
the Bail lie was closely related' to the last L.ord 
of Dyce, but the tradition I have referred 10 goes j 
further, and asserts that before the last deed of 
eui.iil ^;r. e\i\ uied by the last Skene of Dyce, 1 
he h id oasu olK d v. ill; his next of kin in the 
in de line, .ind that the mion of the entail I 
was m .'oiiM-qiiriuc 0/ ihts quarrel, lint 1 have 
never met any iih inker ol my own family 
(possibly through not having known any of them 
farther back fchan my lather's contemporaries) 
who could say' that they had ever heard 11 posi- 
tively jssserted thai tin- I la ill ie was that "next 
of kin/' I learn from Dr. Skene that Baillie 
Skene has been assigned a place on page I3& ol 
The Jtfc/itotmis\ because • of distinct state- 
ment made to live, both by MK Thomas Skene 
in file, and Major Alexander Skene, when I 
saw then: aboul 50". years ago, that he belonged 1 
to tin- l$lackde«g family, ami was theii cousin." 

Skene slates, at page §'2 of T/.e Me- \ 
;/!or;i>/s, that t'be u<Miovs of ilns family (.Bel- | 
hel'vie or liiackdog) arc suniewhut scanty, and- 
are niainh. derived fiom the ^parish r^cordis 
of Ijielhelv ie," and, as in- told me in \ 866, that 
the information" he had picked up in regard tuJ 
my family was obtained when pursuing other'] 
in\ estimations ill Connection w itli his o\\ n hraix h 
of the family, n. appears to me rcaso jable to | 

suppose thai 1 loser research Should it ever 
come to be made) might establish the tradition 
witli which I stalled as an absolute truth. The 
testimony "[ the members of the Blackdog 
family, interviewed by Or. Skene in 1832, tends 
in thai direction, as also do the " traditions of 
the parish'' which, ho also noted at that time. 
It is, also, I think, wortJij of note, that the only 
oilier luamli of the family with winch Captain 
Alexander Skein- (who 1 am aware always took 
more interest in die history of his family than 
did his elder brother, Thomas Skene in Fife) 
claimed common descent, was the Skenes of 
Newtyle, descended, as I gather from The 
Memorials^ from '"the little laird/' Alexander 
Skene XI. of Skene, as, was the family of 1 )ycc. 
From The Memorials I also learn that the last 
Skene of N.ewtyle died in 1721, or one hundred 
and eleven years before Dr. Skene ; s first inter- 
view with Major Skene. 

The very age of this tradition seems to me to 
carry the conviction with it that it never would 
have been preserved but for the certain know- 
ledge of a close relationship of the two branches 
of the family at the earlier date. It mini be 
understood -I am only contending" for a proba- 
bility, and this position I cannot but feel that 
the foregoing" evidence goes far to establish, 
h may also interest some of your readers 
(should this letter prove to be within the scope 
of your publishing conditions) to read the 
correction of Dr. Skene's inadvertent mistake in 
connei lion with tin- MSS. in tin- "Dyce Bible'." 
Dr. Skene, ma knowing what had become of 
the Bible, had to rely upon some notes taken 
from ii by his father, and in this way the error 
crept in. 

Til OS. S ki .m :. 

Marnoo, Victoria, Australia, 

December 29th, 1890. 


Finn married (JrainhG, daughter of Cortnac 
MaeArt, King of Ireland. She fell in love with 
Dermid, and induced him to elope with her. 
rin \ wandered in the wilds for a time, followed 
by Finn, who at length atranged to hunt the 
wild boar of lien (lulbin. Dermid c ame to the 
'ha o in consequence of a vow, and killed the 
boar, dying himself from vhe venomous bristles. 
Then: are, however, various at counts of the 
actual cause of his death. SeveraJ poems and 
prose laics relate to Dermid, who is reckoned 
a- the an cestor of the Campbells. Versions of 
the following poem are found in the collections 
of the Dean of Lismore, MacNicol, Kennedy, 

T 96 


[March, 1891. 




(fillies, and pthers : the last-named is the one t8. 
mainly followed, 
i. Listen a little if yon would hear a lay of the gentle 
company that is gone, of Grainne 1 and hospi- 
table Finn, and of the son of O'Duine ol the ' 9 ' lIe measured '>" n«PPy journey, the son of 

( I I Kline <-( lightest tread ; the sharp venomous 

l)ermid, measure tin- hoar again right 
smoothly against the bristles, and fur that you 
shall have your choice- of keen sharp-pointed 
swords. " 

2 r . 




mournful rales. 2 
G.len Shec, 3 the glen beside me here, with sweet- 
est sounds of deer and elk, where the Mann 
would often go cast and west after their hounds. 
On this strath beneath blue Gulbin, with fairest 
knolls beneath the sun, often the streams were 
running red alter the I'iann hunted the deer. 4 
Great was the' deceit they played on the son of 
O'Duine' of reddesl hue, going to lien Gulbin 
to hunt the boai that, no weapon could ever 

Grainue- "O Dermid, answer not the huntinc- 

shout nor go to the deceitful chase. Go not 

near to Finn Mac Cumhail, since he is vexed 

to ha ve lost his wife. " 
Dermid — *' O Grainne, love 6/ women, desire 

not shame for thy mate ; 1 shall answer the 

hunters' crj in spite of the wrath of the Fiann."* 
They roused the beast from his slumber, and had 

watches Up the glen: He listened to the 

shout -, of the I'iann as they came swiftly round 

about him." 

The old fierce venomous boar came from the high 
place of the wild swine ; his claws were longer 
than a spear point, his bristles stronger than a 

They set upon him the goodly hounds, the hounds 

of Finn and the hunters. They chased and 

mangled tin.' while boar, and ever the Strong 
' dogs turned him. 

"Son of O'Duine, gallant hero, if ever noble 

deeds were done by you, remember now your 

strength ol arm, here is a feat foi you to do." 8 
The son ol < > 1 >uhu ol lucky aims, whenever 

he saw the evil beast, from his smooth, delicate, 

white side, he cast his spear against the boar, 
lie threw the- spear from his fair while hand to 

drive it into ils body. The shaft broke in 

three, and not a part ol it was in the boai. 
He drew his old sword from its sheath, which 

gained victor)' in every battle; the monster 

was slain by him, and he himself returned 


Gloom fel I upon hospitable -Finn, and he sat down 

upon a knoll ; ill was he pleased that the son | compeftVd ~Dcrinid to go with Iyer. 'The word here rendered 
of O'Dfline of fortunate arms 11 had escaped the ! "constraint" means either acts which .t hero was swum nut to 
boar unhurt i perform, ur requests thai he was swum not to refuse. In Ken- 

.(-'.,.' ., ... .,. . - . I uedy's version, Dermid here recounts the many services he had 

Alter he ftacl been silent a while, 1 inn said, and ren J cre d to Finn, and after the account of Dertnid's death there 
it is i'l to tell it, ,k Dermid, measure the | follows .i long lament of 30 veises by Grainne, which is very 
boar, how many feet there are from snout to I I"" ! : x ■ l ' ' '" k< '" ; ' ■ ! h ' :!l ' 

He refused no I the request of Finn (alas, that he 
ever left his home). 11 He measured the boar 

•rlstle pierced the sole of the hero that was 

fierce in tight. 
"Give me one diink from your cup, 12 Finn, 
goodly son of my king, 1:1 to aid me : since I 
have lost my bloom ami vigour, alas, woe is 
me if you give it n< >t." 
" 1 will not give you a drink, nor will 1 quench 
youi ill i 1 it, foi ii is little you have done to my 
profit, and much you have done to my loss." 
" I never did aughl to offend you, here nor there, 
east nor west ; except going a captive with 
Grainne when she put me under constraint."' 1 
There he fell by reason of his hurt, 13 the son of 
O'Duine of curling locks, the gallant hardy 
youth of the I'iann, on the hillock to the 
S( 'tit h- w est. l " 
Powerful to win tin.' hearts of women was the son 
of O'Duine of great prowess. No maiden now 
wi'l lift her eves since earth is laid upon his 

Blue and grey was his eye ; soft and fair was his 
cheek ; strength and firmness were in the hero, 
and freedom in his fail breast. 
They buried in one hillock on the knoll of the 
wild boar, Grainne, the daughter of Cormae, 
and two grey hounds and Dermid. 

l al. of lien ( hill. in. 

%al. ''and .t mournful tale of tl.e son "f O'Duine." the 
Gaelic form ol the name is Diarmid mac Duibhne. 

;1 ( iaelic '' Gleann Sii h," i.e. , " glen of peace," ur " fairy glen." 
4 al. " After Finn ol the Fiann hunted there." 
§'«/. "Moutnful was the hunt with Finn for die son, &c." 
I'he Dean's vcymoii has ft»ur othei versus in place ol these 

1 he hi 
insl hii 


his slumber, and moved along the 
the Fiann as they came and 

,.1 l( 

tout westward. 

s of poison. In ilie Ii 
> two tiands. 

ul ol F 

y leading, 'the other copies have 
t WOids." The whole dialogue is 

Man Of the v 

mting i" tin- Dean of Lismore's version 
4 According to the sc. y it was by stratagem that Grainne 

tale, I iratnne n turns to Finn. 
'3 al. "There he lies beneath the clay." 
W .Another verse comes here in p. and K. " The blue-eyed 
hawk of Assaroe, he that gained victory in every light, after his 
falling by the boar, lies on the knolls of this hill." 1>. and McN. 
have also these two verses I — 

" ['here he lies upon the green, tin son ..f O Duine, on his 
fair side, stretched beside die hoar. 'Tis a tale of truth we 
Thai is not I tell you. 

11 ,1 • , • " Ilie youth ol arms, and gold, and noises, that was nut 

at all the measure ; mcasu.e It again, O Dor- , ,„ \ ]n . sliaits ,,, ,•,.,,.„ ,,,,. i iand of great hcru.s.n and 

mid. I prowess, alas that the hero lies in the glen." 

along its back, the so 


There ate sixteen feel of measure tru 
the back of the w ild boar.' 

O I mine ol lightest 

March, 1891.] 



( Continued from f. 177, Vol. IP'.) 

161. John Campbell of Lagui ne : An Ayrshire man, 
who was the means of introducing sheepfarming into 
the Highlands. Originally kepi the inn at Tyndrum, 
renting at the same lime a small (arm (rum Lord 
Breadalbane. Having been compelled by poveity to 
leave his sheep unsheltered on the hills during the 
storms of winter, and finding them in excellent con- 
dition in the spring, he went in for sheep-farming on 
a largo scale. I lis success induced others to follow 
his example, with memorable and lasting results to 
the whole system of Highland society. 

162. /'ran:,:, Ann Jhntlof, ne'e Wallace, Friend, 
Patroness, and Correspondent of Burns. She became 
acquainted with the poet in 1780, shortly alter the 
appearance of his first volume, and continued his 
steadfast friend and wise adviser till his death. Mar- 
ried early to |ohn Dunlopol Dunlop, she was esteemed 
wherever she was known, b, Craigie, 17}', d, I S 1 5- 

163. Sir Adam Fergusson, Bart., I.L.IK, ALP. 
Scottish Politician ; .Member for Ayrshire 1774-1792, 
ami for Edinburgh 1792-1796. b. Kilkerran, Dailly? 

1732, 1813. 

164. fohn Ilozvie of Lochgoin : Biographer, a de- 
scendant of the Covenanters, he set himself, though 
having no literary training, to record the lives of the 
martyrs and confessors of Scotland. The result was 
the well known book 'fhc Scots Worthies, first pub- 
lished 1 781. b. Lochgoin, Fenwick, 14th November 

f 735. "'■ « 793- , ' . 

165. Lieut. -Colonel George Hutchinson: gallant 
British Soldier. />. 1736 Galsloil, d. 17S2. 

1 66. John Caldwall, Artist, an excellent miniature 
painter. //. Ayi 1738- 1819. 

167. James Caldwall^ Engraver and I halt-man, 
brother of above. Known by hi.- engravings ol por- 
traits, lie survived his brother. Some authorities 
say he was horn in I. oni Ion ? 1730. after his brother. 

10S. Dapid Pale, Manufacturer, &c. Wrought as 
weaver in Paisley till 1761, when he went to Glasgow 
as clerk to Mr. Alston, silk -mercer ; deals afterwards 
in linen yam, and, in conjunction with Mr M'Inlosh, 
establishes Turkey-red dye works 1775-83 ; agent lor 
Sir Richard Arkwright's cotton yarn; commences 
erection of New Lanark Spinning Mills 17S3 ; Ma- 
gistrate of Glasgow 1800 ; establishes schools for 
workers and otherwise condui ts New Lanark Works 
in an enlightened and kindly spirit ; preached to an 
independent religious bo lv in Glasgow. /\ Stewar- 
ton, 6th January, 1730, d. 1806. 

169. Hugh Mont gome 1 y, isih Kail of Eglinton : 
munificent, patriotic, and enterprising Nobleman. 
Entered army 1755, served in America; M.I', foi 
Ayrshire 1784-9, ami also 1700 ; succeeded his cousin 
as heir to the title of Egl.inton ; raised two lowland 
regiments during the Peninsular war; Representative 
Peer 1798; Peer 0/ the United Kingdom, as Baron 
Ardrossan, 1806 ; greatly improved his estate and 
rebuilt Eglinton Castle 179S , spent ^100,000 on Ar- 
drossan. harbour ; a distinguished musician, he com^ 
posed "Lady Montgaraerie's keel, and several »ther 

pieces. /'. Coilsford, rarbolton, 29th Novr. 1739, 
! d. 1 Si 9. 

170. Robert Wilson, M.lh, many years Resident 
I Surgeon to the King of Oude, subsequently in Lon- 
1 ilon. l>. Bourtree, Dairy. 

171. Hunter, A local poet "I this name is men- 
1 tioned by M'Kay, in his [fistory of Kilmarnock. b. 
: Kilmarnock (1740), </. (1S22). 

I 172. John Wallace of Cessnock, prominent Glasgow 
j Merchant. In 1792 he purchased Kelly, in Kenfrew- 
| shire. Scion of the Riccarton family, d. 1805. 

173. Lsobel Pagan, contemporary of Bums. Author 
I of the song, " (.'a the yowes to the knowes." b. Muir- 
j kirk ? 1 74V, d. 1821. 

j 1 74. Sir James Hunter Blair, Bar!., ALP., Hanker 
and Public Man. Apprenticed to Messrs. Guilts, 
1756; partner with Sii Win. Forbes 1763; M.P. for 
Edinburgh 1781-4; Lord Provost 1784 ; laid founda- 
tion-stone of South .Bridge 1785; created Baronet 
1786. Son of John, Brownhill, Ayr. d. 1787. 

175. Robert Shedden, Colonial Merchant. Settled 
as merchant in Virginiaj but retired to London aftei 
the Revolution ; then- made a fortune ; left many 
benefactions to his native parish. b. Beith 1741, d. 

176. fames Gillies, Af:D., successful London doctor. 

lie was physician to George IV. Stewarton , 

d. 1826. 

177. Hugh Logan, " Laird of Logan," the last of 
I the lairds of that property, noted for his wit and ec- 
centricity. Alter his death the amusing work called 

I The Laird of Logan was published in Glasgow, being 
a collection of anecdotes and puns, only a small por- 
tion of which he could have given utterance to. /'. 
Logan, Cumnock (174 ), d. 1802. 

I 178. Alexander Tait, local poet, flourished 17S0. 
/'. Tarbolton. 

\ 170. Jaws Muirhcai, P.P., Divine and Poet 
1 lie was ordained, 1770, Minister of the parish of 
{ Urr, and is described as a mathematician and natu- 
ralist. Wrote the once popular song, Hess the 
Gawfcie." b. Logan 1742, d. 1806. 
I 180. Lady Darcy ALaxwell, nee Brisbane, Metho- 
! dist Saint. Married Sir Walter Maxwell in 1 759, but 
j was led a childless widow two years later. In 1764 
she came under the influence of [ohn Wesley, and 
I from that time was connected with the Methodists. 
\ Her life was devoted to deeds of piety and philan- 
j thropy. In 1 770 she established a school in Edin- 
1 burgh lot the Christian education of poor children, 
i She also left provision lor its continuance. Her life 
I has been written, vide Lancf.ston Life of Lady Max- 

-tell, New York, 1837. b. Largs? 1712, </. 1810. 
I 181. Quentin Crawford, Historian, &c. Went to 
; India in youth ; entered the army, but afterwards took 
i to trade. Returning to luirope with a fortune, before 
' he was forty years old, he settled at Paris, where he 
' gave hiinsell to literature and art. Published among 
: other works, The His ory of Religion, Learning, and 
j A/anuers of the Hindoos, 1700 ; History of the Bas- 
. title, 1702 ; On Pericles and the Aits in Greece, 1792; 
Meseartfies concerning the's, Theology, Learning, 
j and Commerce of Ancient and Modern India, 1817. 
j K Kilwinning 1743, (/'. 1819. 


| March, t 89 r. 

1S2. Gear:;? Fergusson, Lord 1 Her warn/, Judge, &c. 
The 8th son of Sii James of Kilkerran ; admitted Ad- 
vocate: 1765; took seat on the bench 1709 as Lord 
Hermand ; appointed a Commissioner <>l Justiciary 
1808. lie ^'spoken of as "the last of the old style ol 1 
Scottish lawyers." Kilkerran, h.ully? [743,*/. 1827. 

1X3. Sir Gilbert Blanc, M, D. , /•'. A*..s., noted Lon- 1 
don Physician. Studied at Edinburgh for the minis ' 
try, hut afterwards took i" medicine ; proceeding to 
London, he joined Admiral Rodney as his private ; 
physician in the West Indian expedition of 1780; j 
wounded and promoted to be physician ol the fleet ; 
17S5 physician to Si. Thomas's Hospital; 1 786 
FYK.S. ; 1788 Croonian Lecturer; 179s head of 
Naval Medical Board ; 1826 Member of French In- j 
stit.ule. tie wrote many professional treiiliscs. He 
was created a Baronet in 1S12, and named First Phy.- 
sician to William IV. iSjo. Among' his most im- 
portant works are, Observations on the Diseases inci- 
dent to Seamen t 1785, which was several times repub- 1 
lisheel ; Elements 0/ Medical Logk, 1818. Ue was I 
horn Blanefield, Way bole, 29th Aug., 1749, d. 1834. 

184. /win's Cunningham 1 14th Kar! of Glencair.n, 
Patron and Friend of' Burns, succeeded his father in 
1775; representative Peer 1780; met Burns 17S6; 
disposed ol Kilmaurs estate to the Marchioness of 
Litchfield the same yeai ; died at Kalmouth returning 
from Lisbon. Bui ns calls him " the noble, generous, 
great," *" the flower among our baron- bold, his 
country's pride, his country's stay ;" and closes a 
touching lament for his early death with the lines— 
" The bridegroom may forget his bride, 
Was made his wedded wife yestreen 5 
The monarch may forget the crown 
That on his head an hour hath been ; 
The mother may forgt t the child 
That smiles sae sweetly on her knee ; 
Km Pl| remember thee, lAlencahn, 

And a' that ih>m hasl done lot mc !' 
1749, 1791. 

1S5. Rev* /amcs Bufivuingy Secessii m Divine. Or- 
dained to the Secession congregation. Am htermuchly, 
17th August, .1815 ; published three s ols, of sermons, 
anil also several controversial discourses, b. Kil- 
winning (i749-S°)s 'i' r 825- 

186". John Wilson, l^iblisber of Bums's poems, 
lie wa3 a printer in Kilmarnock, and a young man 
when he issued the first edition ol Bums's Songs. 
Afterwards he became a thriving tradesman, and the 
founder., in 1803, of the first. Ayrshire newspaper, the 
Ayr Advt'Hser. It wa-.Mii him that "Hums wrote the 
following eprl*f>h, in which the poel scarcely does 
justice to lii- pubfeher : 

liu j \< i T \VKE joltNMK. 
" Whoe'er thou art, reader, know, 
That Death has nuudeivd |olumie ; 
And here his body lies hi' low, 
For soul he ne ei 'had ony." 
//. Kilmarnock 1750, d. 1821. 

187. A',-, ■. llueh Mitchell, Af.Ai, Early Voluntary. 
Licensed 1777; ord. Glasford Parish 1 /So. Having 
strong liberal views in polities he resigned hi charge 
|n 1 794 in the following terms: It bejng a., article 

of my creed thai the Church of Christ neither hath 
nor can have any sort of connection with civil esta- 
blishments, and ibis conviction being the result of long 
and serious enquiry, 1 'hereby Jesign my office as Mi- 
nister of Glasford, and renounce every claim to the fu- 
ture emoluments ol thai office." lie then became the 
master of an academy in Glasgow. Works : --Stri, - 
furet en /he Political Condition of the Jen >, 1794; 
A Short Apology for A/ostaey, 1797; h'hc /'ovular 
Preacher, 1799; Scotticisms and Vulgar Anglicisms, 
1799. A. near Kilmarnock, . or according to another 
authority Mauchlim- (1750), ,/. 1S15. 

188. Brigadier-General Andrezv Duntop; served 
in the tirsl American War, where he gained the rank 
of Major. I te afterwards raised a regiment ol horse, 
called the Ayrshire Kencible Cavalry, which he com- 
manded lill it was reduced in 1800. /'. Dunlop Ho., 
I )unlop 1 1 1751 1, </. 1864. 

1S9. Professor James Wilson, /-'./AS., M. /). , dis- 
tinguished Anatomist, successor ol John Hunter and 
Matthew Paillie at the [iuntcrian School, (neat 
Windmill Stoet, London, lie was a distinguished 
surgeon himself as well as a famous Lecturer 011 Ana- 
tomy and Surgery., lie was lor many years Professor 
of Anatomy lo the Royal College of Surgeons, Lon- 
don, and acknowledged as one <>l the Inst anatomists 
of his time. Sir Benjamin Brodie, who studied under 
him, calls him "the lirst anatomist of his day. " In 

1S11 he took Sir Charles Bell into partnership with 
him. h. Beith. 

19). William Wilson, successful Indian Merchant, 
who reiurned and settled in his native county. Much 
esteemed for his generosity. 

" Large was his' bounty, nor could earth pretend 
A belter brother or a kinder friend." 

Kilmarnock 175-1, d. lS:(>. 

tot. Wiltium Murdik'h, lingineei and Inventor, 
introduced some valuable improvements into the 
.steam engine, and was the discoverer «»l the way to 
u.-.e coal gas lor lighting. lie was employed by 
fames Watt at Soho, Birmingham. /'. Auchinleck 
1754, </. 1839. # ' 

192. ( \>l, n< I Win. Fullarlon, .'/./'., distinguished 
officer an 1 public man. Educated Kdinburgh. 1775 
Seeretarj to British Embassy, Paris: 17S0 raised live 
9S1I1 btcgimeni lor service in Mexico, but was sent to 
attack the ( ape of Good I lope and thence to India. 
There Colonel Puliation greatly distinguished himself 
by the rapidity ami success of his operations on the 
( oromandel 1 oast. < >n returning home he published, 
17S7, A View of the Knelis- 1 ! Interests in India, etc., 
giving among other things an account ol his own cam- 
paigns there; frequently a Member ol the 1 L >n 
of Commons, and twice returned lor Ayrshire. In 
1793 he raised the 23rd Light Dragoons, called «« Pul- 
iation's Light Morse," and also the lofst Regiment 
of Infantry, lie .d> 1 wrote 'An Account of tht Agri- 
culture of Ayr, with Observations on the Means of its 
Improvement, In 1801 he was appointed Governor 
of Trinidad, and 011 returning preferred a charge 
against tin previous Governor Sii John Pieton, for 

the torture of a female slav e, which led to the trial of 

thai officer. A I'ullarton Mouse, Dimdonakl, 1754, 
./'. 1S0S. 

March, i 89 1 .] 




The following trial for. witchcraft, undei the 
title of " The Complaint ol Susan Trimmings, 
of Little Harbour, Piscatagua/ 1 one ol two or 
three cases on record in the historical collections • 
of Massachusetts, will be new 10 most readers. 
The complaint and evidence which sire amus- 
ing-7-were as follows 

11 1656. On LrOrd's-day, '30th of March, at | 
night, going home with Goodwife Barton, she 
separated from her at the freshet next her 
house. On her return, between Goodman j 
Even's and Robert Davis's, she heard ;i rustling j 
in the woods, which she at hist thought was 1 
occasioned by swine ; and presentlyafter there 
did appear to her a woman, whom she appre- 
hended to be old Goodwife Walford. She ashed 
me where my consort was ; 1 answered, 1 had 
none. She said, Thy consort i-> at home by this 
time : lend me a pound of cotton. 1 told her I 
had but two pounds in the house, and 1 would 
not Spare an\ to my mother. She said 1 had 
better have done it ; that my sorrow was great 
already, and it should be greater; for 1 was 
going a great journey, but should never come 
there. She then left me ; and 1 was strui k as 
with a slap of fire on the back, and she vanished 
towards the waterside, in my apprehension, in 
the shape of a cat. She had on her head a 
white linen hood ti< d under her chin, and her 
waistcoat and petticoat were red, with an <>ld 
green apron, and a black hat upon her head."— 
Taken upon oath, 18th April, i' 56. 

" Her hu -band (Olivei ) say* She came home 

in a sad condition. She passed bv mc with her 
child in her aims, laid the child on tin- bed, sat 
down on the chest, and leaned upon hei elbow. 
Three times 1 asked her how she did, She 
could not speak. 1 took her in in) .our. and 
laid her up, and repeated the question She 
forced breath, and something stopped in her 
throat as if it would have stoppled her breath. 
1 unlaced her clothes, and soon she- spake, and 
said, 1 Lord, have mercy upon me ; this wi< ked 
woman wijl kill inc.' 1 asked her what woman? 
she said, < ioodwiie Walford. I tried to persuade 
her it was only her weak