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Entered as second class matter at the Post Office at Baltimore, Md. under Act of March 3, 1879. 

Published at BALTIMORE, (every) MONDAY, OCTOBER 8, 1923 

ican Can 


It’s between seasons now. There’s time to think of some of 
the things the summer rush keeps far away and out of mind. 

Here is a matter we would like to 
lithograph on your mind 

eee cans sell 
more canned foods. The 
trouble is the added cost. 
They are out of the question 
except for high grade packs, 
but a perfectly sound invest- 
ment for the more expen- 

sive varieties and grades of 

Canned Foods. 

Why? Because of the out- 
standing advertising value 

of this method of labeling. — 

Lithography on metal gives 
the designer an unequalled 


Status of the Tin Can 
Canned Foods 

This booklet is of par- 
ticular value to distri- 
butors of canned foods. 
Did you get your copy? 

opportunity to reproduce 
brilliant and sales-stimulat- 
ing labels—labels that last. 

We can quote you example 
after example of foods that 
have been packed both ways, 
with results justifying the 
added cost of the litho- 
graphed cost. 

Isn’tthis a good time to study 
this matter? If you will take 
us into your confidence we 
can help you find the right 

Americans Can Company 






Vol. 47 No. 7 



Phoenix Bidg. 

PLAZA 1140 & 4484 ALTIMORE, MD. 


YEAR 1923-1924 

President W. H. Killian. 

Vice-President, C. Burnett Torsch 

Treasurer, Leander Langrall 

Secretary, William F. Assau. 

Executive Committee, Benj. Hamburger, Chas. G. 

Summers, Jr., J. O. Langrall. 
Arbitration Committee, C. J. Schenkel, Frank A. Curry, 
T. Preston Webster, John W. 
Schall, Harry Imwold. 
Committee on Commerce, D. H. Stevenson, 
Jones, J. A. Killian, E. F. 
Thomas, G. S. Henderson. 
Committee on Legislation, E. C. White, Geo. T. Phillips, 
George N. Numsen, W. E. 
Robinson, Thos. L. North. 
Committee on Claims, Fred. W. Wagner, Leroy Lan- 
grall, R.S. Wrightson, Norval 
E. Byrd, Jos. M. Zoller. 
Hospitality Committee, W- E. Lamble H. W. Krebs, 
Robt. A. Sindall, Robt. A. 
Rouse, Jas. F.Cole. 
F. A. Torsch, Herbert C. Rob- 
erts, H. L. Fleming. 
Committee on Agriculture, William Silver, H.P.Strasbaugh, 
Albert T. Myer, Jos.N. Shriver, 
Samuel J. Ady. 
Counsel, Jno. C. Beeuwkes 
Chemist, Leroy V. Strasburger 

Brokers’ Committe, 


Made By The 

John R. Mitchell Co. 
Foot of Washington St. 

Pineapple Grater 

Oct. 8, 1928 
S S thy AZ 
- . Md. 

October 8, 1923 THE CANNING TRADE 

are your Requirements? 

aig years the Heekin Can Company 
has been a leader in its line. 
Tough, sturdy and air tight Heekin 
Cans are today the finest that can be 

The Heekin line is complete—from 
the small vegetable and fruit cans to 
the large lard or sorghum containers, 
there are Heekin Cans for every need. 

And every one is an example of quality. 


Heekin Cans are giving complete 
satisfaction to thousands of canned foods 
consumers every day. Heekin Cans 
will be delivered at your door in any 
quantity your fruit or vegetable crops 

Write us today and let us know your 
estimated canning requirements. We 
will gladly send you prices and com- 
plete information. 


New, 6th & Culvert Sts. 

Cincinnati, Ohio 

— — 
z S&S 
4 : 
| ind 


October 8, 1923 





Room 1313-32 Broadway 

1966 Conway Building 

517 Dallas County State Bank Bldg. 



West Virginia 


Transportation Building 

Columbia Building 

Canadian Plant 
Tillsonburg, Ont. 


P. O. Drawer 25 


Gentle Action. 

You get it, in the highest degree, 
in the MONITOR Blancher. The 
machine will not injure the most 
tender stock. On it, vou can give 
peas a thirty minute blanch with 
absolute safety. There is no 
other Blancher made that ap- 
proaches the MONITOR in this 
respect. Pack perfect stock - 

don’t mutilate it inits prepara- 


- Baltimore, Md. ‘ 
amilton, Ont. 
353 E. 2nd. St., Los Angeles, Cal. 
88 32nd. St., Milwaukee, Wis 


on 3 


Established 1878 



ARTHUR I. JUDGE. Manager and Editor 
107 South Frederick St. 
Baltimore, Md. 
Telephone Plaza 2698 

Packers are invited and requested to use the columns of THE 
CANNING TRADE for inquiries and discussions among themselves on 
all matters pertaining to their business. 

Business communications from all sections are desired, but 
anonymous letters will be ignored. ARTHUR I. JUDGE, Editor. 

THE CANNING TRADE is the only paper published exclusively 
in the interest of the Canned Food Packers of the United States 
and Canada. Now in its 45th year. 


Payable in advance, on receipt of bill. Sample copy free. 

Foreign $5.00 

Extra copies, when on hand, 10 Cents each 
ADVERTISING Rates—According to space and location. 
Make all Drafts or Money Orders payable to THE TraDE Co. 

Address all communications to THE CANNING TRADE, Balti- 
more, Md 

Entered at Postoffice Baltimore, Md., as second-class mail matter. 

Vol. 47 


No. 7 



Convention of the Western Canners’ Association has been 

slightly changed to what might seem to be a four-day 
meeting, but which in reality is but a two-day session, the first 
two days being given over to the meetings of the National Can- 
ners’ Association’s special sessions of its Executive Committee 
and considerations with the Wholesale Grocers’ Associations and 
others, and the latter two days to the meeting of the Western. 
The dates are November 5, 6, 7 and 8, and the place the Hotel 
Sherman, as before. 

IRTH CONSIDERING—The conventions of the canners 

during the past year or so have shown a great improve- 

ment over previous ones, in that they very largely elimi- 
nated a great mass of useless chatter and ineffectual talk. The 
conventions had become overburdened with “Inspirational Talks,” 
“Welcomes by City or State Officials,” “Talks by Noted Domi- 
nies” after giving the invocations, etc., and a whole lot of time 
and energy were wasted, to no purpose. The four-day session 
outlined above holds possibilities of more of this same “talk, 
talk, talk,” but as programmed, we do not expect to see this 
kind of an outcome. A few days after this meeting will come 
three or four more days at Milwaukee, and as both conventions 
will be largely attended by the same canners, brokers and sup- 
plymen, the men will be frayed out by the end of the meetings, 
and the net result will be a harmful, rather than helpful, if there 
is too much talk. 

These are business sessions, and business should be short 
and snappy and to the point—and not talked to death. Meetings 
of this kind should be called for specific purposes, and not too 
many of them; and these purposes should be worked to at all 
times and along the shortest possible route. Recently we were 
much impressed by the program set out by the Chain Store As- 
sociation for its Convention in New York City. A few of the 
salient features of their business were proposed and considered— 
in a strict businesslike way—and the delegates left their sessions 
pleased with the considerations and because they were not unnec- 
essarily delayed from their business at home. Let us have busi- 
nesslike sessions of these business men, and let the presiding 
officers carefully eliminate the trivial and unimportant, and we 
are sure that the meetings will be better thought of, better 
attended, especially by the big, brainy men who count and who 
now regard all such conventions very lightly and usually fail to 
lend their help and experience. 

S THERE ANY CONNECTION?—President McLaurin, of 
the American Wholesale Grocers’ Association, has recently 
been taking the members of his Association to task for their 

cut-throat methods in trying to effect business, saying that the 
wholesale grocer is becoming more of an auctioneer than a mer- 
chant. Probably the same condition exists in the National 
Wholesale Grocers’ Association, for in their new policy of trying 

to buy on a retail basis and make more frequent turnovers, the 
natural result must be a scramble for business and a cutting of 
prices to get it. They no doubt have had a large injection of 
“efficiency,” and they are overworking it badly, as is generally 
the case. This in itself is out of our jurisdiction, but when one 
of their leaders comes forward with a proposition to the canners 
that they, the wholesale grocers, must have a larger margin 
of profit on canned foods, then it becomes most interesting to 
us. Taking the two things together, it looks as if they were 
asking the canners to make up for their own follies. Even if 
the canners were willing, just how they could do this is a little 
hard to see; for if the canner cuts down his share of profit by 
making the prices lower, the jobber would immediately hand thac 
saving over to the retailer—under the present cut-rate war com- 
plained of—and another start would have to be made, always to 
the loss of the canners. We can’t sanction this idea for a mo- 
ment, for the profits which the canners make on their goods are 
not such, on the average, as to permit further reductions. Re- 
member that the bulk of this year’s packs was sold by the can- 
ners as futures at low prices, and that the good prices now pre- 
vailing pertain only to the small amount of surplus, and this is 
small. If the wholesale grocers have not been able to turn a 
handsome profit on these future canned foods, it will be the first 
time in history and absolutely contrary to the “nature of the 
beast.” Of course, many wholesalers sold their futures and will 
have to deliver at the old prices, but that practice is not very 
general, and the probabilities are that the wholesalers have fol- 
lowed the market up, and are requiring the retailers to pay on 
today’s prices for the goods which were bought as futures at 
very much lower prices. But in any event the task is wholly 
and entirely a wholesaler’s one. Let them advance the prices 
so that they will show the needed percentage of profit. The 
retailers are not bashful about putting the right price or profit 
on canned foods, judging by a visit to the average retail store. 

comprehensive glance at the entire canned foods market 
situation, did you ever see it look so rosy? And particu- 

larly at this time of the year? There is not an article that is 
not in excellent condition, and with the brightest kind of pros- 
pects in the many months that must intervene before another 
pack can possibly be made. “The oldest inhabitant” in the 
canned foods world cannot recall when the market presented such 
a strong and promising outlook as it does today. There have 
been good packs, in the main, and it would seem they have passed 
out into consumption—apparently directly into consumption— 
because all floors—wholesalers’ and retailers—were bare, and 
the new goods had to go out at once to keep the market supplied. 
In connection with this has come a wonderful increase in the con- 
sumption of canned foods. The people have not done the amount 
of “home preserving” which they usually did, as- they have 
learned that the commercially canned products may be bought at 
a considerable saving in time, energy atid cost, and be better 
than they can turn out. That demand which we promised the 

canners would materialize if they would but pack quality goods 
has come to light and is here, and has taken the goods as they 

4 . 


were never taken before. Apparently the wholesalers and the 

retailers did not take this into consideration, but figured upon — 

the usual hum-drum demand. However, consuming America has 
turned to canned foods, found them pleasing, and is eating them 
in immense quantities, and will continue to do so as long as the 
canners give them this sort of satisfactory service. This lesson 
of quality has come home to the canners, and we hope and trust 
that it will never be forgoten. | 

Take just the item of canned peas. Last fall the writer was 
called to speak on the floor of the Milwaukee meeting as to con- 
ditions and prospects, and in doing so we promised the Conven- 
tion of pea canners that if they would pack another year of high 
quality as they had just done, they could go as far as they 
pleased in the extent of the pack and the people would eat their 
goods, paying a fair profit to the canner for them. They have 
just surpassed their record of 1922, and the peas are gone. There 
is no question about that—the peas have passed into consump- 
tion—the greatest pea pack on record—and the buyers are busy 
trying to find more to keep the hungry demand supplied. If 

there are any peas hanging fire in a canners’ hands, they are the . 

product of a Smart Alec canner who thought he could ignore 
quality and make the market take his trash. It may have to do 
so, but it will mark that canner for all time to come. We con- 
gratulate the pea canners on this excellent accomplishment, and 
we promise them once more that if they will keep the quality 
high—a satisfactory article for the consumer—they can go ahead 
as hard as they please and they will have trouble in ever catch- 
ing up with demand again. A good many corn canners have kept 
quality before them this year, and they are beginning to reap 
their reward, and will continue to do so at a steadily advancing 
’ market. The people will eat good corn, but it must be good corn 
not not near-good, much less poor. There are many in need of 
drastic schooling in this line, but the yeast is working, and there 
has been a considerable improvement shown this year. Never 
in the history of tomato growing have the canners of this Tri- 
State territory seen such quality tomatoes as they did this sea- 
son. “They ground up tomatoes into paste and tomato sauce that 
it seemed a crime to use for such purposes,” is the way one man 
put it, and this will give some idea of the fine tomatoes that have 

characterized the whole season. More fine tomatoes have been 
packed this season than ever before, and the market shows the 

effect today, and will go on demonstrating its approval by con- 

tinually advancing prices. And all other articles are about in the 
same line. “Ain’t it fine? 


Traffic Bureau 


Effective October 17th, slight reductions in the carload rate 
on cannéd goods will be made from stations and wharves on the 
Baltimore, Chesapeake and Atlantic, also Maryland, Delaware 
and Virginia Railways to certain stations on the following roads: 
Boston and Albany Railroad, Boston and Maine Railroad, Maine 
Central Railroad, Rutland Railroad, Gettysburg and Harrisburg 
Railroad, Lehigh and New England Railroad, Philadelphia and 
Reading Railway. Also to Boston and Providence via the Mer- 
chants’ and Miners’ Transportation Co. 

Present indications are that revision of canned foods rates 
from Eastern Trunk Line territory to points in the Southeast and 
Mississippi Valley, restoring proper relationship with the rates 
from Central territory and Ohio River cities to same destination 
territory will become effective within the next 60 days. 

The usual heavy movement of freight destined to Western 
points via the rail and lake routes has begun in anticipation of 
the closing of navigation on the lakes which officially takes place 

the first week in November. Canned foods form quite a large 
percentage of this movement. 

@ctober 8, 1923 

The Book 
You Need! 

Working formula for the canning, pickling and 
preserving of all food products—Times, 
temperatures and particulars— 

The only book of its kind. 
PRICE $5.00 





October 8, 1923 THE CANNING TRADE 

Bliss No. 225 Gang Slitter 

“It Cuts Dead True” 

Builders of the Complete Line of 
High Speed Automatic Sanitary Can Machinery 

Bliss for Machinery 

E. W. BLISS CO. iso worxs BROOKLYN,N. Y., U.S. A. 

OFFICES ( Dime Bank Bldg. Cleveland Discount Bldg. Peoples Gas ae Oliver Bidg. Boatmen’s Bank Bldg. Marine Bank Bldg. Union Trust Bldg. Second Nat'l Bank Bidg. 


No. 378 Represented on the Pacific Coast by 
BERGER & CARTER CO. — San Francisco, Cal., Los Angeles, Cal., Portland, Ore. 


have “That Something” in their 
operation that has made them 
the recognized standard of the 
packing trade. 

Your entire glass line can be 
SUCCESSFULLY labeled on an 

Edward Ermold Company 
Largest Manufacturers of QUALITY Labeling Machines 
Hudson, Gansevoort and Thirteenth Streets 


October 8, 1923 

Warehousing and Transportation 
Economies in Distribution 

By The Domestic Distribution Department Chamber of Commerce 
of the United States Washington, D. C, 

N important function of Distributors in storage. 
That is, the collection of goods at a central point 
to supply a future demand and the care of these 

goods until the demand is experienced. It must be re- 
membered that wool or cotton cannot be converted into 
clothing until several months after they have been 
sheared or picked; and that the garments cannot be 
placed in the hands of the wearers for an appreciable 
lapse of time after they have been manufactured. 
Storage—Warehousing and its inseparable team-mate, 
Transportation, therefore must be regarded in the 
United States today as of almost if not quite equal im- 
portance to production. 

There are so many kinds of Warehouses that it 
seems advisable to define them; but for present pur- 
poses we are concerned only with that class known as 
Public Warehouses. 

Public: For the storage of merchandise of 

every description; distinguished from 
Private Warehouses by being available 
to—and intended for the use of the 

Private: Owned or occupied by merchants or 
manufacturers for the storage of their 

Household Goods and Furniture: For the 
storage both of individual property and 
of merchandise. 

Cold Storage: For the storage, principally, of 
perishable foods. 

Cotton, Grain, Tobacco, Wool: And others, 
for the storage of special commodities. 

Bonded: For the storage of all kinds of com- 
modities on which a tax must be paid be- 
fore they are released for Distribution. 

A sufficient reason for this discussion is discovered 
in the somewhat intricate nature of the difficulties 
faced in the operation of warehouses. It is hoped that 
a wider understanding will be contributed of the way 
in which many of the problems have been and are being 
solved; and that the results will become available more 
easily to those who might benefit by any economies or 
conveniences offered to various classes of distributors. 
During the past ten years, interest in Warehousing has 
been growing rapidly ; but fast as this growth has been 
it is a beginning only and great numbers of Distribu- 
tors maintain an attitude of extreme conservatism. 

As a preliminary, this chart gives a rough idea of: 

Public Warehousing 
Storage Transportation Financial 
Fire Clerical Local Receiving Negotiable Continuous 
Protection and Deliveries and Receipts Insurance 

Accounting Forwarding 
Repacking Consolidating 

Very recently, the American Warehousmen’s As- 
sociation has published an Encyclopedia containing 
among other items of useful information, 280 pages de- 
voted to a description of commodities which it is com- 
mon to store, including recognized weights of packages 
and the dangers from which each of the commodities 
must be protected. No better proof is needed of the 
seriousness with which warehousemen regard their 
duties than the results of investigations conducted by 
the Association as embodied in this book. Proper 
storage is a science—no longer a mere piling of goods 
in an ill-lighted, possibly ramshackle old building used 
for that purpose because it may have been fit for noth- 
ing else. 

A thoroughly modern public warehouse is of fire- 
proof construction, equipped with a sprinkling system, 
well illuminated and provided with efficient conveying 
and stacking machinery. Usually there is a fleet of 
automobile trucks as a part of its equipment and usual- 
ly it is connected with one or more trunk line railroads 
by means of its own sidetracks. Included among the 
forces who conduct the affairs of this warehouse are 
skilled accountants, correspondence clerks, packers 
and freight tariff experts who are familiar with every 
physical detail of warehousing and with the effect upon 
the property entrusted to them of local laws, insurance 
and taxation. 

Practically every commodity sold in retail stores 
is entrusted to public warehousemen during the pro- 
cess of Distribution. We make this assertion confi- 
dently because we cannot imagine any commodity 
which might be an exception to the otherwise universal 
rule. Not all of all commodities, of course, are en- 
trusted to public warehousemen, but, from the farm to 
the fireside, food, wearing apparel, hardware, drugs, 
stationery and tobacco undergo storage, and the im- 
pulse toward the use of public warehouses has only be- 
gun to gather force. 

Comparatively few figures exist and so far as we 
are aware none of a reliable character have been pub- 
lished which will give a true coefficient with which to 
calculate the comparative cost of storage in the two 
types of warehouses. Yet even if we had this coeffi- 
cient, only a part of the story would be told, since ad- 

vantages which attend the use of public warehouses 

are not limited to the mere cost of storage. 

Indeed, the cost of storage may be only a small 
proportion of the whole sum involved because of the 
economies which are known to follow the separation 
of long-distance carload shipments into L. C. L. ship- 
ments for local Distribution. During an address be- 
fore the Domestic Distribution Group Session at the 
Annual Meeting of the National Chamber in May, 1923, 
it was stated that by consolidating into a car load sev- 
eral long distance, separate shipments of washing ma- 



October 8, 1923 

Breeders & Growers 
326 W. Madison St. 
Chicago. Ill. 



Rogers Winner, 

Rogers Green Admiral, 

Rogers Improved Kidney Wax, 

Rogers Stringless, Refugee Green Pod. 




This double-seamer attaches bottoms to can bodies and filled cans. 
Compound. Applier spreads the rubber cement on the edges of the can ends. These 
machines are suitable for cans from 2" to 6" in diameter and up to 9" high. 




has been returned over a period of 
fifteen years, to the Canners who 
have been carrying their fire insur- 
ance with 














5 AT 


For information, write 


155 E. Superior St., 

Officially endorsed by National Canners Association 



240 N. Ashland St., Chicago, U. S. A. 


| ° 


chines and consigning the car to a public warehouse 
the savings earned paid all costs of transportation, all 
costs of handling for re-shipping locally, all costs of 
distribution except selling and, in addition, a material 
percentage as unexpected profit! 

This is a single instance, but it could be multiplied 
indefinitely, and suggests the advisability of a careful 
study on the part of distributors to determine how their 
present area of business may be covered more econom- 
ically or even enlarged if that promises to be profitable. 
There is a growing tendency among retailers to in- 
crease their rate of turnover through buying in smaller 
quantities, which, logically, will crystallize into a need 
for convenient wholesale sources of supply to meet the 
demands for more prompt deliveries. 

Many manufacturers and wholesalers whose area 
of distribution is or may be of a considerable extent, 
already are preparing to meet this demand. One of 
the most obvious methods is to ship in carload lots con- 
signed to warehouses in distant centers of distribution 
where the cargoes are stored until orders are received 
for local distribution. Any reasonable degree of econ- 
omy should be expected from this method, since the 
bare cost of storage may not exceed the cost in a large 
private warehouse and the maintenance of several hun- 
dred small private warehouses is likely to entail a pro- 
hibitory expense. 

There is an unmeasured but certain economy in 
entrusting commodities to the care of agents who know 
the proper conditions of storage dictated by the need 
for exact degrees of temperature, humidity and isola- 
tion as well as the “ins and outs” of local property 
rights, legislation and taxation. Sometime, a good 
while in the future perhaps, it may be possible to at- 
tach a value to these factors, but today they can be rec- 
ognized only as existing and usually of greater impor- 
tance than is attributed to them. 

In the same category is the use of negotiable ware- 
house certificates which, based upon rigid inspection 
and standardized grading, not only are of vast impor- 
tance now, but are of increasing significance. 

From the foregoing discussion it is clear that the 
economies disclosed through a closer correlation of 
warehousing and transportation invite the constant at- 
tention of those who have problems of distribution— 
merchants and manufacturers in an equal measure. 
There is no general formula by which these problems 
may be solved, since they are affected profoundly by 
such varying factors as location, area of distribution, 
volume, size and character of the merchandise units. 
This suggests the need for a more or less careful study 
in the interest of individual distributing organizations 
to determine the general financial results of storage in 
private warehouses compared with public warehouses. 
Some of the most obvious elements are: 

(a) Amount of capital investment for the 

maintenance of private warehouses. 

(b) Bare operating costs of storage under 

each of the methods. 

(c) Publicity value of private warehouses. 

(d) Intangible value of the specialized ser- 
vices offered by public warehouses. For 
example, in the control of humidity and 
temperature; expert accountants; famil- 
iarity with local laws and taxation and 
with freight tariffs. 


October 8, 1923 

(e) Possibilities of reducing the costs of Dis- 
tribution within a given area or of in- 
creasing the area without increasing the 

Relative costs of additional warehouses 
to supply a given area. 

Consideration of negotiable warehouse 
receipts as a means for enlarging the 
volume of a business. 


She—The doctor says I should go South for my health. The 
question is where to go. 

He—Go to another doctor!—London Mail. 


™ Tessie—Is it true that Fred broke his engagement with 

Jessie—Yes, he wanted to kiss her down by the old mill, but 
she told him that she wouldn’t kiss him by a dam site. 



Of The Canning Trade, published weekly, at Baltimore, Md., for 
Oct. 5, 1923 

State of Maryland, City of Baltimore, ss. 

Before me, a Notary Public, in and for the State and City 
aforesaid, personally appeared Arthur I. Judge, who, having 
been duly sworn according to law, deposes and says that he is 
the Editor and Publisher of The Canning Trade, and that the fol- 
lowing is, to the best of his knowledge and belief, a true state- 
ment of the ownership, management (and if a daily paper, the 
circulation), etc., of the aforesaid publication for the date shown 
in the above caption, required by the Act of August 24, 1912, em- 
bodied in section 443, Postal Laws and Regulations, printed 
on the reverse of this form ,to wit: 

1. That the names and addresses of the publisher, editor, 
and business managers are: 

Name of— 
Publisher—Arthur I. Judge, 107 

Managing Editor—Same. 
Business Manager—Same. 

_ ..2. That the owners are: (Give names and addresses of 
individual owners, or, if a corporation, give its name and the 
names and addresses of stockholders owning or holding 1 per 
cent. or more of the total amount of stock.) 

Arthur I. Judge, State Bank of Md. Bldg., Baltimore. 

_8. That the known bondholders, mortgagees, and other se- 
curity holders owning or holding 1 per cent or more of total 

amount of bonds, mortgages, or other securities are: (if there 
are none, so state.) 

. That the two paragraphs next above, giving the names 
of the owners, stockholders, and security wa dg go contain 
not only the list of stockholders and security holders as they ap- 
pear upon the books of the company, but also, in cases where 
the stockholder or security holder appears upon the books of 
the company as trustee or in any other fiduciary relation, the 
name of the person or corportion for whom such trustee is act- 
in, is given; also that the said two paragraphs contain statements 
embracing affiant’s full knowledge and belief as to the circum- 
stances and conditions under which stockholders and security 
holders who do not appear upon the books of the company as 
trustee, hold stock and securities in a capacity other than that 
of a bona fide owner; and this affiant has no reason to believe 
that any other person, association or corporation has any in- 
terest direct or indirect in the said stocks, bonds, or other se- 
curities than as so stated by him. 

5. That the average number of copies of each issue of this 
publication sold or distributed through the mails or otherwise, to 
—_ subscribers during the six months preceding the date shown 
above is 
(This information is required from daily publications only.) 


Sworn to and subscribed before me this 5th day of Oct. 1923. 

(Seal) W. H. B. EVANS, 

Notary Public. 

Postoffice address— 
S. Frederick Street, Baltimore. 

(My commission expires May 5th 1924,) 


October 8, 1923 THE CANNING TRADE 

bt High speed Body Forming Machine, with 
ae) y er- Ox side seam soldering Attachment. 

Breaking records for continu- 
ous operation at high speed. 

Seattle Can Company weekly 
reports for one line running on 

I lb. Tall Salmon cans:- 

Week ending June 23, 1923 — 563,190 
Average per 8 hr. day — 102,398 
Week ending July 31,1923 — 587,339 
Average per 8 hr. day. — 106,760 

This line had been continuous- 
ly operated for more than 5 
months, gaining in speed and 
efficiency each day from the | 
very start. | 

Speed 200 to 225 finished can bodies per minute. | 


Builders of Troyer-Fox Sanitary Can Making and Canners’ Machinery. 

112 Market Street Old Colony Club, Metropolitan Bidg., 832 Fort St., } 
San Francisco, Cal. Chicago, Ill., Sydney, N. S. W. Honolulu, T, H. 



For Better Pack of Peas at Greater Profit 


- Manufacturer of Ideal Viners, Viner Feeders and Chain Adiusters 


October 8, 1923 

How Can A Leaky Can Be A “Swell”? 

London, (England) Distributor Puts Question To 
. Dr. Bigelow—The Doctor Answers. 

ITH all the world studying canned foods and 
learning to use them, it becomes increasingly 
necessary to make plain all things relating to 


Here is a letter received from one of the largest 
distributors of canned foods in London, England, and 
it propounds a very material question—one which 
would puzzle most canners to satisfactorily answer. 
Therefore, the canners will find this help in the fur- 
ther education of their business. 

We quote both question and answer: 

London, August 30, 1923. 

W. D. Bigelow, Esq., 

Director, Research Laboratory of the National Can- 
ners’ Association. 

Dear Sir: 

Attached you will find a cutting from the National 

Grocers’ Bulletin, which has been of very great inteerst 

to me. It makes me hungry to receive the Bulletin to 

which it refers. 

But what has moved me to write to you is thet you 

say “swells are due either to understerilization, or to 

leaky cans.” It has always been my impression, which 

is confirmed by other words in the same paragraph, that 

what causes the cans to swell is pressure from within. 

Now, if a can is leaky, surely the pressure would be re- 

lieved through the leak, and there would be no cause 

for the ends of the can to bulge. 

I know you will forgive me for putting this point to 
you, but it is one which is not clearly understood in this 
country by a great many, and I may quite conceivably 
not clearly understand it myself. I feel sure my thus 
troubling you hardly needs an apology, as, of course, 
you are as keenly interested as I am in everything that 
relates to canned foods. If you will kindly reply, I shall 
be glad to reciprocate with any service in my power. 

j I am, dear sir, 

Yours faithfully, 
Washington, September 24, 1923. 
Dear Sir: 

We have your letter of the 30th ultimo, and‘take 
pleasure in sending you herewith a copy of our Circular 
No. 6-L. Your question regarding the possibility of 
swells being caused by leaky cans is a perfectly natural 
one. Everyone who hears the suggestion for the first 
time thinks it was made by inadvertence and cannot be 
true. As a matter of fact, however, a very large per- 
centage, probably the great majority of swells, are due 
to the fact that the cans originally leaked, and in this 
way the contents, which were originally sterilized, be- 
came contaminated. We cannot explain in all cases how 
these leaks have become closed. Sometimes the reason 
is apparent, but, on the whole, we have to suggest sev- 
eral explanations as the most probable. Certainly the 
fact is there, and it has been proved in a great many 
cases that products are spoiled by bacteria of a kind 
that could not possibly resist the process by which the 
goods were sterilized. I will give below several causes 
that are generally accepted as responsible for closing 
the leaks which originally existed. In some cases these 
causes have been proven, in other cases they are offered 
as the most probable solution. 

The Rusting of the Seams—It is a common experi- ~ 
ence that a new installation of water piping sometimes ° 
leaks at the joints, but that with continued use these 

leaks “take up” and the pipe becomes tight. It seems 
probable that small openings in tin cans also are occa- 
sionally closed in this manner. . 

Influence of Change in Temperature—Owing to dif- 
ference in expansion, it is well known that small open- 
ings in cans may appear while the can is hot and be 
closed when it cools. As an illustration of this, it some- 
times happens that leaks in cans permit the escape of 
practically all the air during the process, and that these 
leaks are filled before the can is cooled, so that the cans 
are exposed to a full vacuum and collapse. This is espe- 
cially true with products that have considerate air, 
especially such as dry-pack shrimp. In the same way 
it is believed that some leaks which exist in cans during 
the process admit water from the cooling tank before 
can a entirely cool and become closed up when the can 
is cool. 

Evaporation of Material Leaking from the Can—It 
is well known in the canning industry that some prod- 
ucts require a much tighter can than others. For in- 
stance, with peas the can must be absolutely tight. Even 
the most minute leak causes the spoilage of the product. 
With tomatoes, on the other hand, the cans may be very 
loose, especially when the product is not cooled after 
processing. Under these conditions the cans are taken 
from the bath with the ends distended, caused by heat, 
and when the cans are not tightly sealed. this pressure 
causes the contents to leak from the openings. As the 
cans cool, the tomato juice leaking through these open- 
ings evaporates and forms plugs of solid material. These 
plugs are more or less permanent. They sometimes re- 
main in place during the entire history of the can and 
prevent the spoilage of the product. When the can is 
examined in the laboratory, however, and carefully 
washed after the contents are emptied from it, these 
openings are often found. Sometimes these plugs be- 
come loosened from the openings, thus affording the 
bacteria an opportunity to enter and cause the spoilage 
of the product. Spoilage from this cause is not by any 
means confined to tomatoes. It occurs with many other 
products, and especially with vegetables and fruits. 
The Influence of Fat—Small openings in cans are some- 
times closed by fat in products rich in that substance. 
Sardines offer an excellent illustration of this. Many 
of the sardine cans used by American packers are not 
hermetically sealed. In fact, they are closed by crimp- 
ing on the covers without the use of any gasket what- 
ever. When we open the can and remove the contents, 
this far may be washed out, and it is seen that the can 
was very far from tight; yet the fat acts as a seal and 
prevents the spoilage of sardines which are sufficiently 

The Influence of Solid Particles of Food—It frequently 
happens that solid particles of food stops up a small 
opening and prevents the leaking of the can. This is 
illustrated by the experience frequently encountered by 
canners with whole and cap cans in the early days of 
the industry, when it was customary to give the cans a 
“kettle exhaust,” then remove them from the retort, 
punch holes in the top to permit the escape of air, close 
the vents and return to the retort for processing. When 
the cans were vented in this manner it sometimes hap- 
pened that solid particles of food were forced into the 
can and prevented the escape of air. To overcome this 
trouble it was customary for meat canners to place a 
disk of tin on the top of the contents and vent the can 
immediately over it. Still, even when this precaution 
was taken, it frequently happened that the vent was 
closed by the particles of food, and made it necessary 
to vent the can a second time, and sometimes several 
times. In the same way the openings in cans which 
permit the entrance of bacteria sometimes become closed 


October 8, 1923 THE CANNING TRADE 



Zastrow Hydraulic, Steam Impelled gy Ag ae Process Crates, Standard 3, 4& 
_ Circle Crane, radius up to 18 ft. sizes. 5 tiers. Also Special Sizes 



Foot of Thames St., 

Steam Boxes 




Sanitary Cans 


We build a Closing Machine for Every Purpose, - 
each one the leader in its class, and a Complete Line 
of Can Making Machines just as good as our Clos- 
ing Machines. 

We are the makers of the famous AMSCAN 


AMS No. 128 Closing Machine 
1923 Model, Patented 

101 Park Ave., New York, N. Y. 

a BRANCHES: Chicago, Hl., 20 East Jackson Blvd. 
Rochester, N. Y.. 705 Commerce Bldg. 
London, England, 50 & 51 Lime St., E. C. 3 

— | | | 
mas GIN 

with particles of food, thus making the can tight and 
contributing to the formation of a swell. 

Referring to the last portion of your letter, I wish 
to assure you that your letter needs no apology. We are 
very glad to receive questions of this kind and to make 
our information available to users of canned foods. If 
you wish to make any further inquiries regarding this 
or regarding other matters conected with the spoilage 
of canned foods, we will be glad to give you such in- 
formation as we have. 

Very truly, 

November 15th to 24th, 1923 

OUISVILLE’s Fourth Annual Food Exposition will be held 

> in the Jefferson County Armory, November 15th to 24th, 

under the auspices of the Retail Grocers’ Association, man- 
ufacturers and distributors. 

The novel manner in which the Louisville expositions are 
conducted is the cause of their success. A committee of three 
officers of the Retail Grocers’ Association, together with three 
manufacturers and distributors, are in absolute charge, with the 
Secretary of the Retail Grocers’ Association acting as a chair- 
man of the joint committee 2nd exposition director. 

The Louisville Exposition is not run for profit, as the Ex- 
ecutive Committee agrees to spend all moneys received in the 
sale of space in decorations, entertainment and publicity. Last 
year the entire amount could not be spent intelligently, and a 

rebate of 5 3-10 per cent of the space price was returned to the 

Mr. V. H. Engelhard, Jr., chairman of the Manufacturers’ 
’ and Distributors’ Committee, announced that the sale of space 

is far in advance of that of last year at this time. This indicates 
that the 1923 exposition will be more successful than 1922. 

During the nine-day run last year over 120,000 people vis- 
ited the armory in which the exposition was held. This building, 
if not the largest, is one of the largest buildings under permanent 
cover in the United States. 


October 8, 1923 

The Executive Committee announced that the budget for 
decorations, entertainment and publicity is 25 per cent more 
—_ the amount used last year, which assures an increased at- 

Any information relative to the 1923 exposition can be had 
by communicating with Shirley E. Haas, Secretary, Retail Gro- 
cers’ Association, 1229 Inter-Southern Bldg., Louisville, Ky. 


~ ERMAN canned foods are beginning to be articles of reg- 
Le ular diet in Venezuela. Within the past four months there 
has been a notable increase in the volume of these goods 
imported from Germany into Maracaibo, Trade Commissioner 
Jackson informs the Department of Commerce. It is estimated 
that 60 per cent of the wholesale grocery trade in that city is in 
the hands of German firms doing heavy importing, mainly from 
the United States as yet. However, large stocks of canned 
sausages and some canned fruits from Germany are now in evi- 
dence and being offered at from 15 to 25 per cent under compet- 
ing American and English articles, although the quality is said 
by consumers to be inferior. Considerable volumes of Swiss 
food products are also stocked. 


Mushrooms, Grown in Former Brewery, Utilized in Valuable 
By-product, Preserved in Glass Containers. 
From the Glass Container. 

LOVE of mushrooms, experience in growing them, an 

emergency, and careful experimentation tempered with in- 

genuity and scientific imagination—that is the recipe that 
has produced Champee, a mushroom paste made by the Hupfel 
Mushroom Plantation in New York. 

Mushrooms were, in former days, articles of luxury, and 
were limited to definite seasons of the year, and were restricted 
in use to certain favored localities that were suited to their pro- 
duction. But now this is changed. You may go to your delica- 
tessen and purchase Champee—or champignon puree—in either 

Bay State Pear Parer 

A. K. Robins & Co. 

Fruit, Vegetable & Fish Canning Machinery 
Labeling Machines-Boxes-Paste 

Headquarters for Canners Machinery Supplies 

Baltimore, Maryland 

Tackstick Paste 

Pear Corers | 

October 8, 1923 THE CANNING TRADE 

Sinclair-Scott Company 

Baltimore, Maryland 

Canning Machinery 

Nested Graders Pulp Machines 
Collossus Graders Pulp Finishers 

Ship Your Canned Goods 

Boxes are the perfect con- 

tainers for all canned goods shipments, 
to all parts of the country and they have al- 

ways arrived unscratched, undented and in- WHEN sg think of Seeds, think of 
tact destination. Landreth either for spot or future. We 
&D Comm Goods are the oldest Seed House in America 
strong, lightweight and inexpensive. ey er 
come folded flat for easy storage, yet are this being our 139th year. If 7 had 
instantly assembled for packing. A trial not given good seeds, good attention to 
order will convince you of their superitority. business, and fair prices, we would not 

A D Corrugated Fibre have existed so long. Write us for 

prices on any variety, in any quantity, 

Shipping Boxes at any time. 

Write us Today for Samples and 
Prices Stating Quantity Required 
and Sizes and Number of Cans to 
the Box. 

The Hinde & Dauch Paper Co., D. LANDRETH SEED CO. 

Member Canning Machinery Established 1784 

& Supplies Assn. 

800 Water St. Sandusky, Ohio Bristol, Pa. 

Canadian Address; Toronto 
King St., Subway and Hanna Ave 

P és 


the small two-ounce jar or the large size that was designed pri- 
marily for the use of the hotel trade. 

Brewery Cellar Good Growing Place—Before the days of 
Prohibition this was impossible and unheard of. The manufac- 
turers of Champee were then operating the Hupfel Brewery, with 
probably no idea of ever growing mushrooms on a commercial 
basis. Mr. A. G. Hupful had long been fond of mushrooms, and 
had been interested in growing them, experimenting with them 
from time to time, and when the company saw Prohibition com- 
ing, the thought occurred that the rock caverns and tunnels of 
the brewery would serve as excellent growing places for mush- 
rooms, as indeed they have since proved to be. 

After a thorough survey, Mr. Hupful planted about 100,000 
square feet with mushroom spawn, after the French practice, 
in narrow rounded beds of rich loam, placed in the cellar of the 
plant. In this compost the mushroom spawn was placed, and, 
after a time, a soft cover layer of loam was laid down, through 
which the mushrooms pushed themselves. ae 

Experiments in Spawn Production—This method was found 
to be too extravagant since it occupied too much valuable space, 
so after considerable thought and experiment, it was decided to 
change the system. So three decks of mushroom beds were ar- 
ranged, one above the other, and later, in some of the rooms of 
the former brewery, as many as six decks, one above the other, 
were devised. A remarkable series of experiments followed, to 
determine the best possible production methods. The first mush- 
“yooms grown there were obtained from mushroom spawn pro- 
duced through the usual commercial channels, but this was found 
unsatisfactory because it could not be depended upon for uni- 
formity, so the production of spawn was undertaken by experi- 
ment. An isolated “mother” cell is taken from underneath a 
good specimen of mushroom produced in one of the most prolific 
sections in the former bed. A number of these cells are planted 
simultaneously in bottles of gelatin, and the best of the growths 
from these are then transferred to “root” jars. From this hum- 
ble beginning enough spawn is secured to serve in planting the 
entire bed area of the plantation. This is a very delicate process, 
and is a triumph of applied microbiological experimentation. 

Artificial Fog and Rain—Since mushrooms are parasites 
lacking chlorophyl, or the green substance of other plants, they 

October 8, 1923 

do not assimilate air and water necessary for growth, but rather 
depend on other plants to manufacture their organic food. For 
this reason the specially prepared beds are necessary and tem- 
perature of from 50-54 degrees must be maintained. Water for 
the beds is supplied by artificial rain and fog produced by pass- 
ing steam from the old boiler through a refrigerating apparatus. 
This rainy fog is created approximately twice a week. 

Jazz Drumming an Aid—Mushrooms were found to be very 
sensitive to atmospheric conditions, and many marvelous things 
have been done to promote their growth. Noting that mushrooms 
in the natural state are inclined to rapid growth immediately 
following severe thunderstorms, Mr. Hupfel experimented with 
reproducing this condition in his plantation, installing static 
machines that produce sparks of electricity, serving to release 
the oxygen in the air in much the same manner that lightning 
flashes do. These static generators have been remarkably suc- 
cessful in stimulating “bumper” crops, just as the thunderstorms 
influence the rapid growth of wild mushrooms. 

A mechanism producing a constant drumming noise in some- 
thing comparable to the rhythm of jazz music has been invented 
by Mr. Hupfel and remains his secret. It is said to aid in in- 
creasing the formation of plant cells, and is reputed to be a very 
valuable aid in the growing of mushrooms. 

Getting a market for the fresh mushrooms proved to be very 
easy, indeed. Clubs, hotels and restaurants were very eager -- 
purchase the fresh product, as formerly their mushrooms had 
been transported some distance, impairing their pristine fresh- 
ness. The Hupfel Plantation made it possible to serve morning 
mushrooms at noon, so there was aboslutely no difficulty in mar- 
keting the fresh mushrooms in New York. 

However, the market for the mushrooms is limited, and can 
ebsorb only a certain amount, so the firm found themselves with 
a great surplus that could not be disposed of profitably. So Mr. 
Hupfel’s next thought was to can mushrooms, and so distribute 
his market over a very wide field. So he began to experiment 
with possibilities. and, being a chemist, he soon learned the com- 
plete nature of his product. It occurred to him that a mushroom 
paste could be made, and that it would be valuable. 

Glass Proves Ideal Container—Mushroom paste possesses all 
the delicious qualities of the natural mushroom, for it is made of 

Additional particulars on this 
furnished upon request 


7600 South Racine Avenue 

q No. 32 Automatic 
| Strip Feed Press 

Although similar to our other Automatic Strip Feed 
Presses, this particular size is especially adapted to the 
rapid production of deep drawn metal articles. — 

Of extra heavy design with chrome nickel crankshaft 

and solid steel flywheel, the Press is well suited for single 
or double die 

Large diameter shaft bearings allow ample rigidity and 
extra long slides maintain a perfect alignment of dies. 

The Press is provided with compound change gears for 

variable cuts and simple adjustments for different lengths 
of material. 

The automatic feeding insures a high uniform output 
and eliminates the dangerous hand operation. 

. The Press is equipped with automatic release which 
immediately stops feeding mechanism when subject to undue strain. 

press or any other automatic can producing equipment gladly 


Mfrs. of Automatic Presses, Can Making Machinery, Dies, etc. 

operations requiring excessive strain. 

Chicago, Illinois. 


October 8, 1923 THE CANNING TRADE 

50 Years ot Service to Canners. 

, | Thos. J. Meehan & Co. 


Canners’ Accounts Solicited for Tip-Top Buyers. jl 
P U L Pp H. D. DREYER & CO., Inc. 



We are in the market for ALICEANNA and SPRING STS., BALTIMORE, MD. 

several cars good pulp 
in either gallon or 


A complete analysis of each 
batch of your pulp and 
catsup will aid materially in 

D. CANALE & CO. | its sale. 

: Special rates on daily counts. 

MEMPHIS, TENN. : 303 Phoenix Building 

: Baltimore, Maryland 

anitary Cans for 1924. 

I T is not too early for Canners whose contracts are 
expiring this year to be considering the question 
of their Source of Supply for 1924. 

There are many reasons why our proposition should 
be analyzed: 

Reliability of Service, 
Unsurpassed Closing Machine Equipment, 
General Responsibilty. 

Southern Can Company 

Baltimore, | - Maryland 



mushrooms, plus salt and thickening. He found that the glass 
container with a vacuum cap to be the only practical container, 
and decided to use two sizes, a two-ounce jar and one larger tor 
hotel and restaurant use. The name Champee is derived from 
champignon puree, and it certainly appears to be a triumph as 
a trade name. It is short, original and stimulates the imagina- 
tion, and is easily remembered. It is a great factor in their 
advertising campaign which has been inaugurated on a national 
basis. In their advertising the glass package is featured; it un- 
doubtedly has done a great deal in winning the confidence of the 
hcusewife in an absolutely new product. Champee has become 
popular almost instantaneously, finding a great favor with the 
housewife, restaurateurs, chefs ef hotels and clubs. New recipes 
are being originated all the time, making its use more diversified. 

The story of Champee is significant in showing what can be 
done in making a by-product of importance by research and care- 
ful thinking and a close study of the possible market. 

By E. E. Wood, 
Continental Brokerage Co., Indianapolis, Ind. 

September 26, 1923. 

HE writer has been in touch with a large majority of the 

] pumpkin packers throughout the country. After summing 

up their reports, we are predicting a short pumpkin pack. 

A very large number of the pumpkin packers have no pumpkin 
in their territory this year. 

There is no carry-over of pumpkin. Pumpkin was cleaned 
up many months ago. The jobbers’ stecks are the lowest in 
years, and many jobbers have no canned pumpkin on hand, and 
have been unable to buy it of their competitors. A number of 
canners are entirely sold up, and most of the balance can only 
accept a limited additiona. business. 

We bulletinized our trade the first of August, apprising 
them of the likely outcome of the tomato crop, and predicted a 
short pack and advised purchasing. We are just as sincere in 
7 ial advising buyers to cover on their requirements of pump- 


October 8, 1923 

Conditions warrant higher prices. We will still sell at our 
opening price what we believe to be two of the best packs in 
Indiana on the following basis: No. 3 choice pumpkin at 85c, No. 
10 choice pumpkin at $2.60, f. o. b. Indiana factory. No. 2 extra 
standards, 70c; fancy, 75c; fancy dry pack, E. L. tins, 80c. No. 3 
extra standards, 90c; fancy, $1.00; fancy dry pack, E. L. tins, 
31.10. No. 10 extra standards, $2.75; fancy, $3.00; fancy dry 
pack, E. L. tins, $3.25; f. o. b. Indiana factories. 


OIL from nearly a thousand Maryland farms came under tie 
S expert scrutiny of soil specialists from the University of 

Maryland during the week of August 20 to 25 as a resvult- 

cf the Soil Improvement Special, operated by the Baltimore and 
Ohio Railroad in co-operation with the University of Maryland 
and the Eastern Division of the National Lime Association. 

Behind it, in twelve of the twenty-three counties of the State, 
the train left a white trail of lime that was spread out on prob- 
ubly more than 750 acres of land. And the most important fact 
was that the lime was not spread haphazard, but in accordance 
with the requirements of the soil as shown by the tests made 
aboard the train. 

The train had as its purpose the demonstration of the value 
of lime to agriculture. It was operated by the Baltimore and 
Ohio Railroad because that company is interested in developing 
the agriculture throughout the territory which it serves. The 

University of Maryland co-operated by making the tests, be- © 

cause it has recognized for years the value of lime in improving 
the condition of acid soils. The Eastern Division of the National 
Lime Association, an organization made up of manufacturers of 
liming materials, supplied the lime that was distributed free of 
charge because it had faith in the ability of its products to pro- 
duce results more convincing than words. 

Wherever the train stopped it received a cordial reception, 
and the crowds that turned out so far exceeded original expecta- 
tions that by the time it had completed its week’s run the sup- 
plies on board had practically reached the vanishing point. In 
fact, the unexpectedly large number of tests that were made so 

Preserves - jelly - mustard - mayynnaise - syrups - apple- 
butter and all similar products. 

Two pistons - one rotary valve - do the work and give 
you — 

Greater accuracy and cleanliness of filling than has 
ever been possible before. 

It's a machine that is made to stand up during the stren- 
uous run of the season. 

money and product. 

You can fill on the same floor where your kettles are, 
or on the floor below. 

With This One Machine 
You Can Fill 

No breakdowns, delays, loss of 

Find out all about it. 

The Karl Kiefer Machine Co., 
Cincinnati, Ohio. 

| ™ 

October 8, 1923 THE CANNING TRADE 

Can You Clean Your Pea Filler? 

What Will You Do If Inspectors Demand That You 
Take Your Filler Apart Every Night ? 

Sanitary laws require that the dairyman must take his cream separator apart 
every night in order that it may be thoroughly cleaned. Why? Because in- 
spectors realize that in no other way can it be cleaned properly. Why should 
not the canner do the same with his fillers ? 

One of the causes of spoilage in canned foods is due to the inability of thor- 
oughly cleaning and sterilizing the filler. This is neatly taken care of in the 
Hansen Filler, it being the only filler that can be quickly and completely taken 
apart for cleaning without the use of tools. The feed hopper, upper and lower 
measuring cups with auxiliary parts are all held together by gravity and can be 

easily taken apart by one operator while standing on the floor at the back of the 

Ease of cleaning cannot be over-emphasized as it is extremely important. With 
other fillers it is almost impossible to disassemble them, consequently operators 
go through the entire season without taking the machine apart, allowing peas to 
accumulate in the corners to sour and rot, especially in the measuring cups and 
brine tank. The Hansen Filler is always clean and wholesome and is the only 

filler that really conforms to the sanitary laws and is truly a SANITARY filler. 

Probably the greatest forward step ever taken in pea filler sanitation was made 
when the BRINE TANK was ENTIRELY ELIMINATED on the 1924 
Model Hansen Filler. Open exposed brine tanks serve as traps to collect dirt, 
flies, and filth and are never thoroughly clean. 

Hansen Canning Machinery Corporation 
Cedarburg, Wisconsin. 

Watch for Illustration of this New 1924 Model 
Hansen Pea and Bean Filler which will appear 
in this space next week. 



quickly depleted the original supplies of lime that additional cars 
had to be obtained on rush orders along the route. 

More than a thousand samples of soil were tested during the 
week, and while some of the soils gave neutral tests and needed 
no lime, the majority called for at least a light application. The 
requirements ranged all the way from a mintn:um of five hundred 
pounds per acre to as much as tiree tons. In every case, except 
at Oakland, Potomac and Cumberland, enouza lime for an acre 
was supplied to each farmer as determined by the Truog test. 

At Oakland, Potomac and Cumberland the quantity of lime 
on board the train unfortunately ran so low that only sufficient 
lime for half an acre could be distributed. This unforeseen 
eventuality was entirely due to the gratifying throng of Garrett 
county farmers, that practically swamped the train and its per- 
sonnel at Oakland. 

Probably more than five hundred farmers, bringing in some- 
thing like three hundred soil samples, greeted the train at this 
stop. The number of samples to be tested in the short time that 
the train was scheduled to stop at Oakland entirely overtaxed 
the capacity of the equipment which had been provided. Like- 
wise the soil, running more than ordinarily acid, called for larger 
applications of lime than usual, with the result that supplies on 
bcard the train were soon depleted. As a result, the quantity 
distributed to each farmer had to be reduced to enough for haif 
an acre, and the train had to pull out before all the samples 
could be tested. The remaining samples, however, are to be 
shipped to College Park, where they will be tested, while the 
necessary lime will be shipped back to Oakland. 

In addition to the lime carried by the train and the neces- 
sary equipment for soil testing, there was a coach where short 
talks on soil improvement were given at each stop. In the lec- 
tures the farmers were told the essential facts about lime, the 
various forms in common use for agricultural purposes and the 
reasons for its use. The Truog method of testing was also ex- 
plained while the tests were being made. 

The train made stops at Cowenton, Aberdeen, Childs, Mt. 
Airy, Sykesville, Woodstock, Elkridge, Jessups, Laurel, Belts- 
ville, Oakland, Potomac, Cumberland, Hagerstown, Keedysville, 
Adamstown, Frederick, Germantown and Gaithersburg. On the 
train were: Dr. A. G. McCall, head of the soils department of 
the University of Maryland Experiment Station; Henry M. 
Camp, of the Eastern Division of the National Lime Association; 
P. O. Hurley, agricultural agent of the Baltimore and Ohio Rail- 
road; A. M. Smith, J. H. Snyder, F. W. Oldenburg, and M. D. 
Bowers, of the University of Maryland; J. B. Emack, of the 
Palmer Lime and Cement Co., and E. H. Brinkley, of the Stand- 
ard Limestone Co. 

Apparently the train has aroused much interest in the sub- 
ject of soil testing, and numerous inquiries from all parts of the 
State are being received in regard to it. 


Kwakiuti Indians Depend On It for Prosperity 

HAT the “cricket on the hearth” is to the English house- 
W wife, so is the salmon to the Kwakiuti Indians of British 

Columbia, an omen of prosperity, happiness and content. 
Sir J. Frazer, the noted ethnologist, who has lived among this 
tribe for many years, say that “a failure of the salmon for a 
single season means famine and desolation, silence in the village 
and sad hearts about the fire. Salmon in plenty, however, means 
abundance in the camp and joy at the domestic hearth.” 

When the first salmon of the season has been caught, the 
Kwakiuti fisherman carries it to the chief of the tribe, who de- 
livers it to his squaw. Taking it from him she says to the fish: 
“Who has brought you here to make us happy? We are thank- 
ful to your chief for sending you.” 

The salmon is then cooked before all of the silent tribes- 
men, who are squatted about the campfire, and eaten with solemn 
rites and ceremonies. The feast ended, the natives, all of whom 
have been served with a small portion each, retire to their tents, 
believing that the “first catch” is already enjoying a happy after- 
life in the “salmon country.” 

Plans for Big Show Nearing Completion 
ASTERN apples packed in boxes will make up the largest 
E, single exhibit by one grower at the Eastern Apple Exposi- 
tion and Fruit Show to be held November 8 to 10, according 
to the General Committee in charge of the Exposition. This 
exhibit will be a part of the display from the State of Maryland. 
It will consist of Jonathan, Grimes Golden, Stayman Winesap 
and Delicious, packed in the regular commercial Western box. 
The packer of these apples, the Maryland Orchards Corporation, 


October 8, 1923 

expects to pack its entire. output of 75,000 boxes this year in the 
Western type box. 

State committees from various other States throughout the 
East have their plans well under way for the big show. The 
New York State Committee met this week at Albany and prac- 
tically completed its plans for the exposition. New Yofk State 
will have by far the largest State exhibit, covering an area of 
about 8,000 square feet. Most of the available space in this 
section has already been reserved by big growers from every 
section of the State. Two ot the largest exhibits will be made 
by the co-operative packing associations from Western New 
York and the Hudson River Valley. 

It was announced by Thomas E. Cross, chairman, of New 
York, that the State Experiment Station is going to put on at 
the show one of the greatest exhibits of apple varieties ever 
made. This single exhibit will occupy a block 80 feet long and 
several feet high. It will not only have the standard varieties, 
but will feature several new kinds of apples recently developed 
by the Station. 

For the purpose of popularizing apples for cooking, the 
Lepartment of Cookery at Teachers’ College, Columbia Univer- 
sity, is co-operating with the Domestic Science Department of 
Cornell University in running a continuous demonstration of 
showing ‘various ways of cooking apples and other fruits. A 
group of experts operating behind a counter seventy feet long 
will make all kinds of apple desserts in plain sight and hand 
them to the visitors for their own tasting. 

_In addition to the fourth floor of Grand Central Palace, 
which will house the State exhibits, the entire third floor has 
been reserved for commercial exhibits. Manufacturers of spray 
equipment and farm machinery, dealers in apples, maple syrup, 
honey and other farm products have taken space on this floor, 
where they may not only show their wares, but sell directly 

to the hundred thousand or more visitors expected to attend the 


ESULTS of investigations by the U. S. Depart- 
ment of Agriculture, just now being made public, 

show that Septoria leaf spot may be controlled 
by fall plowing. This fungus disease of tomatoes an- 
nually causes large losses in most of the tomato-can- 
ning regions of the East and Middle-West. 

The disease is often known also as “blight” or 
“leaf blight.” 

Official estimates covering the years 1918 to 1921, 

inclusive, give the reduction of the tomato crop from 
Septoria as follows: 

Per Cent 
New Jersey............ 13 
South Carolina.......... 73 

We are enclosing copy of press release on control 
of this disease through fall plowing which, we believe, 
will be of direct practical value to many canners and 
growers of tomatoes. (This appeared in The Canning 
Trade of October 1st, 1923.) 

Fall plowing to prevent the over-wintering of the 
fungus and consequent infection of the plants during 
the season, combined with thorough spraying or dust- 
ing of the tomatoes in the seed-bed, so they are healthy 
when set in the field, may in most cases be expected to 
reduce the losses from Septoria leaf spot to a minimum. 

Bureau of Raw Products:Research. 

October 8, 1923 THE CANNING TRADE. 


Viner Feeders 
Under Carrier Separators 

“Ask the man who use them.” 

387 E. Broad St., Columbus, Ohio. 


The dependable performance and 
durable construction combined 
with the improved results in 
sterilization from uniform cooks 
have made A-B Cookers and 
Coolers first in the esteem of dis- 
criminating Canners. e 

Write for yours today. 

Jose, Calif. 





VERY day more emphasis is placed by authorities upon the 
E importance of increasing the rate of farm production. Sev- 
eral interrelated factors are at work to accomplish that end. 
Increased taxes on farm property, decreased labor supply, higher 
labor costs, lower market prices—all tend or should tend to cut 
down the cutivated acreage and intensify the rate of production 
on the remainder. 

Therefore, credible evidence coming straight from farmers 
themselves and demonstrating the dependence of profits upon 
rate of production is especially interesting just now. According 
to the Ohio Extension Service, “Twenty-eight Scioto county 
farmers who have been keeping books on their farms for the 
past five years find that yields to the acre and the quantity and 
kind of livestock kept had more to do with profit and loss than 
any other factors.” 

The five best paying farms had averaged for the five-year 
period five bushels of corn, three bushels of wheat and 600 
pounds of hay per acre more than the other 23 farms. 

“They also fed their stock more liberally, showing an aver- 
age feed cost per animal $11 higher than the other farms. It 
paid to do so. They recovered $150 on every $100 fed to live- 
stock, as compared to an average recovery of $110 for all 28 

The same was true of poultry. Whatever was grown on the 
farm, it paid and paid well to feed properly and liberally. 

“Not greater total production, but greater production to the 
acre, or the cow, or the hen, was what made profits. It costs 
about as much to feed a poor cow, or hen, or to work a poor 
acre, and the per unit cost of the product in this case often ran 
so high as to exclude profit at present prices.” 


N improved quality of prunes is looked for this year by 
A the Serbian producers. General conditions are much 
better in that country and it is believed that the crop for 

this year will be financed and transported more efficiently than 



No valves to wear out and leak brine on the 

Will not waste brine. 

Fills absolutely accurate. 

Has positive can feed. 

Does not cut Peas. 

Guaranteed capacity up to 129 cans per minute. 
No Cams. No Levers. 

Has no RUBBERS to catch cans after they 
become worn. 

Only Filler for BAKED BEANS. 

Has separate measure and separate saucer. If 
measure fails to drop part or all the quantity of 
beans the can will show slack to inspector. 


BROWN, BOGGS CO., LTD., HAMILTON, ONT., Sole Agents for Canada 

October 8, 1923 

in the past. As a rule, the Serbian prune is small, and it has 
been found difficult to secure large shipments of uniform 
quality. An endeavor is being made to increase the quality 
of the exported prunes, states Consul K. S. Patton, Belgrade, 
in a report just received by the Department of Commerce. The 
total exports of prunes last year amounted to 40,443,383 kilo- 
grams, compared to 38,376,730 kilograms the year before. The 
declared export of Yugoslav prunes at the Trieste and Belgrade 

consulates, destined to the United States, last year amounted to 
2,290,628 pounds, valued at $142,529. 


Since a laborer is worthy of his hire, I must price my 
goods so that I can pay these expenses and make a reasonable 
profit on my business and on the investment of time, skill, 
energy and money which it represents; so as to provide for 
my family and lay aside a fair surplus for that period when 
adversity may overtake me or when old age makes me less 
active and less able to meet the rigorous requirements of the 
canning business. 

We are “‘lifting’’ this Creed, adopted by the National Re- 
tail Grocers Association for grocers, by substituting ‘“‘canner”’ 
for grocer. We recommend it to canners, that they paste it in 
their hats and keep—and live up to it. But to have faith in 

this creed the ecanners—and the grocers—must know their 


Two girls were talking over the wire. Both were discussing 
what they should wear to the coming party. In the midst of 
this important conversation a masculine voice interrupted, ask- 
ing humbly for a number. One of the girls became indignant 
and scornfully asked: 

“Waht line do you think you are on, anyway?” 

“Well,” said the man, “I am not sure, but, judging from 

what I have heard, I should say I was on the clothesline.’’—St. 
Louis Star. 

Model made for No. 1, 2, 3, & 10 cans. 


= = 
: = @ 
= / = 
= 4 = 
= WAL. = 

October 8, 1923 THE CANNING TRADE 




No finer cans beneath the sun, 
Quality first since nineteen-one. 
Twenty-three years of knowing how, 

Syrup Refiners 

Milk Canners 

Lard and Compounds 
Peanuts and Peanut Products 
Powdered Milk 

Fresh Oysters 


Fits us well to serve you now. 

Jobbers’ Friction 
and Wax Top Trade 



Why Not Eliminat | 

the chief cause ofswells and flat sours by the useof 


Cleanier and Cleanser 



which insures a safe, superior, distinctive and 
economical sanitary cleanliness. Order from 
your supply house. 

_ sign means a product 

guaranteed to the extent of 

Over 2,000 distributing centers insure prompt 
delivery and short haul. 

refunding the full purchase price 
unless the buyer is fully satisfied 


The J. B. Ford Co., Sole Mnfrs., Wyandotte, Mich. 

—after use. 

We Are the Only Manufacturers 
of Complete Equipment for Canning 
and Preserving Plants 



A. C. GIBSON CO., Inc. 

11 No. Division St., 



500 N, Dearborn St., Chicago 


704 Lexington Building, Baltimore, Md. 
15 Wilson Street, Newark, N. Y. 








3 : 
= >} 


October 8, 1923 

Wanted and For Sale. 

This is a page that must be read each week to be appreciated. 
what is offered here, but it is possible you will be a dozen times in the year. 
your opportunity your time is lost, together with money. 

You are unlikely to be interested every week, in 
If you fail to see and accept 
Rates upon application. 

For Sale—Machinery 

FOR SALE—In stock for immediate shipment: 
Boilers, Engines, Pumps, Tanks and Stacks; new and 
rebuilt. Address Louis A. Tarr, Inc., N. W. Cor. Sharp 

and Conway Sts., Baltimore, Md. 


1—Style F. Wonder Cooker. 
1—40x60 Closed Retort. 
6—40x72 Closed Retorts. 
1— 40x60 Open Kettle. 
1—Small Laboratory Retort. 
18—3 tier crates. 
30—5 tier crates. 
1—8 Disc Sprague Hawkins Exhauster. 
1—35 H.P. Buckeye Horizontal Engine. 
1—New No. 10 Ayars Single Rotary Measure Tomato 
1—New No. 3 Ayars Single Rotary Measure Tomato 
and other “‘used’’ machinery. 

Canning Machinery Exchange, 409 Marine Bank Bldg., 
Baltimore, Md. 

FOR SALE—One Kraut Cutter; one Shredding Ma- 
chine, Vegetable Chopper and Mincing Machine, practically 

like new. Address: John E. Smith’s Sons Co., 
50 Broadway, Buffalo, N. Y. 

FOR SALE—Cheap — one - 50’’ diameter Copper Vacu- 
um Pan (second hand) suitable for Tomato Pulp. Speci- 
fications on request. 

Arthur Harris & Co., 212 Curtis St., Chicago, Ill. 

FOR SALE—A lot of 5 gallon cans, also No. 2, 24, 3 
and 10 in cases, all new from bankrupt stock. 
Peoples Savings Bank & Trust Co., Halls, Tenn. 
We have on hand at bargarin prices for quick shipment the follow- 
ing, all being in first class condition and subject to inspection: 
2 Sprague Inspection Tables as shown on Page 93 of 
Sprague’s late catalog. 
No. 14 Disc Exhauster 
Westcott Washer about 20 ft. long 
Sprague Goose-neck Elevators for Peas, Beans, etc. 
Variable Speed Pulleys 
Kraut Cutters 

Large lot of chain, Sprockets, etc , for Corn Conveyors 
40x72 Retorts 

Harris Hoist 

Emerson Dicing Machines 

Monitor Pea Washers 

Boiler Iron tanks 18 ft. long, 6 ft. wide, 2 ft. high 

and other miscellaneous bits of canning machinery in A-1 condition, 
We are willing to dispose of this material at exceedingly low p:ices 
for prompt shipment and will give reasonable terms. 

A. K. Robins & Company, Baltimore, Md. 

| Prices on Application. 


1 Sprague Automatic Weighing Machine, checking un- 
derweight and overweight cans (never used) 

1 Sprague Economical Citrus Peeling Machine ( never 
used ) 

1 Peerless 6 valve Brine or Syrup Machine (never used) 

1 Sprague Hand pack fruit Filler (never used) 

1 Sprague-Lowe-16 Ft.Rotary Washer with wooden slats 

Winter Hayen Fruit Products Association, 
Eagle Lake, Florida. 

Machinery— Wanted 

WANTED—Second Hand Automatic Double Seamer 
for closing 44’’ dia. Round Cans. Also Second Hand Auto- 
matic Can Tester. State make, age, condition, location, 
and lowest Cash Price. 

Address Box A-1102 care of The Canning Trade. 

For Sale—Miscellaneous. 

FOR SALE—Make your own electricity by steam 
power and operate your lights and electric motors. At 
sacrifice—must be moved immediately: Steam Engine 
Electric Generating Sets of 40, 35, 15, 10, 714 and 4 
kilowatt capacity; anyone who has steam can make 
electricity by these sets. Also have several Electric 
Motors available. Standard Electric Machinery Co., 
7 E. Hill St., Baltimore, Md. 

Seed For Sale 

FOR SALE—Pea Seed, 1923 crop, first class Seeds- 
men’s stock; 2000 bu. Alaskas and 1000 bu. each Horsfords 

and Perfections. Address Box A-1097 care of 
The Canning Trade. 

FOR SALE—3090 bu. Horsford Market Garden Pea 
Seed; Seedsmen’s stock, Western grown, 1923 crop. 
Address Box A-1098 care of The Canning Trade. 

For Sale —Factories 

FOR SALE—One of the gem plants of Delaware, our 
corn factory. Capacity 225 cases an hour. Ample acreage 
obtainable. Factory equipped with latest improved machin- 
ery, including huskers and husking shed that is working 
satisfactory. Owner wishes to retire from active canning 
management. Plant open for inspection and must be seen 
to be fully appreciated. 

H. P Strasbaugh, Aberdeen, Md. 

FOR SALE—Canning factory in Western New York, 
equipped to handle Peas, String Beans, Corn, Beets, Tom- 

atoes and Apples. Has private siding, ample water supply 
and good drainage. 

Address Box A-1100 care of The Canning Trade. 

. | 

October 8, 1923 THE CANNING TRADE 




The following properties advantageously 
located in fruit producing sections fully 
equipped in every particular for the manu- 
facture of grape juice and the preserving 
and canning of fruits viz: 

High class canned foods saleman will entertain offer 
from reliable broker or canner. Address Box A-1096 
care of The Canning Trade. 

WANTED—Can Production Man and Assistant Superintendant. 
A splendid opening for a.can man who can make cans at proper cosst 
and get good production from modern equipment in a general and 
specialty line shop. Must have executive ability and be able to 
handle men. Apply by letter, giving fullest particulars. All appli- 
cations will be considered as strictly confidential and carefully con- 
sidered. For a capable and ambitious man this poistion presents un- 
usual opportunities 

Address Box B-1101 care of The Canning Trade. 




WANTED—Practical canner for New Jersey factory, who under- 
stands the packing of cold process fruits, Tomato Soup, Cranberry 
Sauce and Maraschino Cherries. State age, salary expected, educa- 
tion, experience, references and fall particulars in first letter, Ex- 
cellent opportunity for right man. Replies confidential. 

Address Box B-1099 care of The Canning Trade. 

WANTED—Position as Production Manager. Fifteen years ex- 
perience in the Canning and Preserving business, several years ex- 
perience in the New York City market. Pure Jams, Jellies and 
Butters. Would like to make connection. 

S. R. Shelmer, 478 4th. St , Brooklyn, N. Y. 

WANTED—Position as processor by a successful manufacturer 
of Catsup, Chili Sauce, Jams, Jellies, Preserves, Pork and Beans and 
other high grade food products, Wish position where I will have 
opportunity to make permanent connections. Can furnish best of re- 

Address Box B-1103 care of The Canning Trade. 


FRUIT (7-8ths share interest) 

For full information address 


208 S. La Salle St., Chicago, Ill. 


Automatic Can Making Machinery 


A list of the canners of the United States, compiled by the National Canners’ 
Association, from Statistical Reports and such other reliable data. 14th Edition, 

; Carefully prepared and up-to-date; lists corrected by canners themselves; verified by com- : 
petent authorities. The various articles packed and other valuable information is given. 

Distributed free to members of the National Canners’ Association. Sold to all others at 

$2.00 per copy’ postage prepaid. The book that is needed by all wholesale grocers, 

brokers, machinery and supply men, salesmen, and practically everybody interested in 

the canning industry. Get your order in early. 

NATIONAL CANNERS’ ASSOCIATION, 1739 H St. N. W. Washington, D. C. 


Stevenson & Company, Inc. 

Can making Machinery, 
Dies and Machinery made to order. 

601-7 S. Caroline Street, Baltimore, Md. 



October 8, 192: 


The basic principles—the essential 
component parts of the New Knapp are 
the same as those used on the present 

The new features are the results of a 
quarter of a century experience growing 
out of suggestions offered by our many 
users, after consultation and careful de- 
velopment by our designers. 

All metal frame -- enameled in gray 

Increased capacity of labels 

3. Asimple fool proof motor drive adjusted 
automatically with carrier 

4. Adjustments for sizes by simply turning 
hand wheel. 

5. All adjustment made and controlled from 

operators side of machine. 





CHICAGO OFFICE — 444 West Grand Ave. 

Anderson Barngrover Mfg, Co, 
104 Pine St.. San Francisco. 

Cannon Supply Company 

Brown Boggs Company, Ltd. 
Hamilton, Ont, Canada. 

Knapp Euipment can also be secured through 

Sprague Canning Machinery Co. 
Chicago, Il. 

A. K. Robins & Company, 
Baltimore, Md. 

420 Vermont Bldg. Salt Lake City 


A reference book for every buyer, broker, 
salesman or distributor of Canned Foods 

NEw °Mpany 

you a copy? A letter addressed to 
Room 1358, 120 Broadway, New York 
City, will bring one to you promptly. 

American Can Company 

Continental Can Company, Inc. 

will quote prices on Cans upon 


4 ii fatus of the 7; } 

October 8, 1923 




Prices given represent the lowest figure generally quoted for lots of wholesale size, usual terms f. o. b. 

Baltimore (unless otherwise noted) and subject to the customary discount for cash. 

****Many canners get 

higher prices for their goods; some few may take less for a personal reason, but these prices represent the 

general market at this date. 

Baltimore figures corrected by these Brokers: wD Thos. J. Meehan & Co. (+) Jos. Zoller & Co.,Inc. (§)Wm.C. West & Co, 
New York prices corrected by our special Correspondent. 

(*) lloward E. Jones & Co. 
Canned Vegetables 

ASPARAGUS*— (California) 
White Mammoth, No. 2%4......... Qut 

White Mammoth, Peeled, No. 2%.. Out 

White, Large, Peeled, No. 2% Out 
White, Medium, No, ae 
Green, Medium, No. . Out 

Green, Small, No 2 Out 
Tips, White, Square, No. “2%. -. Out 
Tips, White, Round, No. 24%4...... 
Tipe, Green, Square, No. 2%4..... . Out 
Tips, Green, Round, No. 24%....... Out 
Plain, No. 
In Sauce, No. 
Plain, No. 
In Sauce, No. 2 ae 
Plain, No, -40 
In Sauce, No. eerie 1.50 

String, Standard Green, No. 2..... ---- 
String, Standard Green, No 10... .... 
String, Standard Cut White, No. 2. ---- 
Stringless, Standard, No. 2......+ «+++ 
White Wax, Standard, ne er 
Limas, Extra, No. sere 
Red Kidney, 

Small, Whole, No, 
Standard, Whole, No. 1. 

Std. Evergreen, No, f.o.b. Balto. 
Std. Evergreen, fab, Co.... * 20 
Std. Shoepeg, No. f.o.b. © 
Std Shoepeg, No. Balto... Out 
Ex. Std. Shoepeg, No. 2, f.0.b. Go. 1.30 
Fancy Shoepeg, f. o. 1.40 

Std. Crushed, No. 2, Baltimore.. 97% 
Std. Crushed, No, 2, f.o.b. Co..... -90 
Ex. Std. Crushed, 1.00 
Ex. Std. Crushed, No. 2, f.o.b. Bal. 1.05 
Extra, No. 2, f.o.b. County 
Extra Standard Western, No. 2.... .... 
Standard Western, No. 2.......... .... 
Standard, ‘Split, No. 
Standard, Split, No. 10.......... : 3.25 
Standard, No. 2..... 
No. 1 Sieve, f.o.b 
f.o.b. Baltimore...... 2.15 
No. 2 Sieve, 2s, f.0.b. factory...... 1.60 
f.o.b. Baltimore...... 1.65 
No. 8 Sieve, 2s, f.o.b. factory...... 1.30 
f.o.b. Baltimore...... 1.40 
No 4 Sievs, 2s, factory...... Out 
No. 5 Sieve, 2s, f. 0. b. Balto... Out 
E. J. Standards, 1's, No. 4 Sieve.... Out 
J. Sifted, 1’s, No. 3 Sieve ....... .90 
. J. Ex. Sifted, 1’s, No. 2 Sieve. . «> Lae 
Faney Petit Pois,, 1.30 
Standard, No, 8......... 
Standard, No. 4,50 
Standard, ie. 
Standard, Ne 
Standard, No 10...... 
Standard, No. 
Standard, No. 
Standard. No. 


Standard, No 4.25 4.25 
California, No. .o.b, Coast... 1.75 
California No. 6.38 

O. B. Factory basis. 

Balto. N.Y. 

Green Beans, Green Limas...... 1.30 {1.40 
With Dry No. Out Out 

New York cove 
F. 0. B. County 

Standard, No. 2, f. o. b. county... Out «95 
Standard, No 8, f.o.b. Baltimore... 1.00 1.00 
Standard, No. 8, f.0.b. County..... .95 {1-90 
Standard, No. 9, Out 
Standard, No. 10, f.0.b. Gounty.. Out 43.25 

Fancy, No. 10, f.0.b. Baltimore.... Out Out 
Jersey, No. 10, f.o.b. Factory...... :-:; Out 
Standard, No. 10, f.o.b. Baltimore.. 4.75 4.50 
Standard, No. 10, f.ob, County.... 4.50 4.50 
Sanitary 3s, 5% in. cans...... 
Jersey, No, 3, ni County...... Out Out 
Ex, Standard No. f.o.b. Balto... Out .... 
Standard, No. 3, bt Baltimore.. 1.40 1.35 
Standard, No. 3, f.o.b. County.... 1.30 1.30 
Seconds, No. 3, f.o.b. Baltimore... 
Standard 2s, f.o.b. Baltimore 
Standard. No. 2, f.o.b, County..... .90 -95 

Standard 1s, f.o.b. Baltimore..... .65 
Standard 1s, f.o.b. County......... .62% .65 


Standard, No. 10........ 350 
Canned Fruits 
New York. No. 10........ 480 4.50 

Maryland, No. 8, f.o.b. Baltimore.. 1.10 Out 
Pennsylvania, No. 10, f.o.b. Balto.. 3.25 Out 
Maryland, No. 10, f.0.b. Balto..... 3.00 

California Choice, No. 2%........ 2.75 2.65 
Standard, No. 8........ 
Standard, No. 10..... 97.50 
Standard, No. 2, Preserved....... 1.50 41.50 
Standard, No. 2, in Syrup..... eee 1.25 $1.50 
Maine, No. 10........ 
Seconds, White, No. 2........ a Out oe 

Standard, White, Syrup, No. 
Red Pitted, No. 2 
Sour Pitted Red 10s, No. 2........ 9.50 11.25 


Standard, No. 2........ 1.65 41.70 


California Choice, No. 3% % C.. 2.40 2.30 
California Stand., No. 2% Y.C. 2.00 1.95 

Extra Sliced Yellow, No 1........ 1.40 {1.50 
Standard White, No. 2........ a 
Standard Yellow, No. 2........... 
Extra Standard No. 8..... cece 
Seconds, White, No. 2..........++. Out 41.10 
Seconds, Yellow, No. 91.15 
Standards, White. No. 3..... 15 {2.00 
Standards, Yellow, No 8....... 1.75 92.85 

Extra Standard White, No. 8...... 2.00 92.25 
Extra Standard Yellow, No. 8..... 2.00 2.20 

Seeonds, White, No. 8.... 1.6' it 
Seconds, Yellow, No. Ae . 1.70 1.70 
Pies, Unpee ed, No. 8.. a 1. int 71.15 
Pics’ Unped 
ies. Unpee! 

Standards, No 2, in Water -95 

Extra No. 2, in Syrup.. 1.00 71.15 
Seconds, No. 8, in Water Out 
Standards, No. Water........ 1.00 71.20 

. Standards, No. 3, in Syrup........ 13 91.40 

Extra Standards, “No. 3, in ‘Syrup.. 1 -60 91.50 
Bahama Sliced, Extra, No. 2....... Out Out 
Bahama Grated, Extra, No. 2...... «--- Out 
Bahama Sliced, Ex. Std., No. 2.... Out Out 
Bahama Grated, Ex. Std, No. Out 
Hawaii Sliced, Extra, No. 2%4 -70 
Hawaii Sliced. Standard, No. 21%4.. 3.40 3.10 
Hawaii Sliced, Extra, - 3.00 2.85 
Hawaii Sliced, Standard, No. 2.... 2.75 2.70 
Hawaii Grated, Extra, No. 2 
Hawaii Grated Standard, °No 1..... Out Out 
Shredded, Syrup, No. 10.. eamawenne Out 
Crushed Extra. No. Sai 12.00 
Eastern Pie, Water, No. B.seccesee 4.50 
Eastern Pie, Water, No. 
Porto Rico, No 10 

Black, Syrup, No. 1......... 
mek, Water: NOS. 
Black, Syrup, No. 2..... 2 
Mea, Water, Ne 26... 8 9.00 
Extra Standard, Syrup, No. 2...... -+-. 92.25 
Preserved, No. 2........ 2.20 92.40 
Extra, Preserved, No. 1..........: - 1.30 
Standard, Water, No. 10.......: 7.50 910.00 
Canned Fish 

Flats, 1 Ib., case 4 doz 
Flats, 14 Ib, case 4 doz 
Flats, % Ib 

Standards. 4 oz.......... 1.40 {1.35 
Standards, 10 oz............. 2.90 
Red Alaska, Tall, No 1.......... 2.45 2.35 

Talis ... 
Medium Red, Talls 

Wet or Dry, No 1% 
Wet or Dry, No. 

F. O. B. Eastport, Me., 1923 pack. 

Oil, Keyless'........ 00 
Tomato, Key 4.50 
4, Tomato, Carton ......... 
California, per case..... 
TUNA FISH—White, Case 
California, %s ..... 
California, ...... eee 
California, Is ...... aoe 
California, 4s, Blue Fin.. 7.75 

Thite. Large, No, 214............ Out 
} Small Vo VAIS ‘ cee 3.50 4 
41.00 onds, No. 2, f.o.b. Baltimore... .... 
Standard 9s. fo. 3a 
“is | 
Out +. 
1.08 California, 1s, Blue Fin........... ... Out 
1.35 California, %s, Striped ........... = 
1.45 California, 1s. Striped ........... .... 11.50 

Allied |ndustries 


The Markets 



Rapidly Changing Tomato Prices—Corn Also on the Advance— 
All Buyers Centering on Baltimore Market for Supplies 
—Better Quality Increasing Public Demand for 
All Goods—Better Demand for Canned 
Foods—Market on Strong Basis. 

OMATO PRICES ADVANCING—Last week we said in this 

I column that the market was bubbling. We should have 
said it was seething, and then possibly some of our readers 
would have understood why the prices we quoted at the time of 
going to press were far below the prices ruling when the paper 
was received and opened. It did not require days to score a 
change in prices; they changed within the hour, and this always 
makes danger for the market reporter, for, despite his best 
efforts, the real market at the time the reader sees his paper is 
not possible to report when going to press. At this time, while 
our market pages will show prices considerably higher than last 
weeks’ figures, there is no certainty that those prices will hold 
next week when you read this. As a fact, we think in respect 
to the tomato market, at least, that market prices are entirely 
nominal; that is, that it all depends upon the seller and the price 
he may ask. The difficulty today is tu find anyone willing to 
sell at any price, unless it be well above the market as now 
quoted, and even in that case there is no evidence of eagerness 
to part with the goods. The truth has come home to the tomato 
canners: that even with a good crop of tomatoes in this section— 
and it was the only section about which such a statement could 
be made this season—there was no way in which they could pack 
enough tomatoes to meet urgent demands, much less supply the 
big holes that existed in every section of the country. The 
tomato crop came on too suddenly, and then ceased too suddenly 
to permit the canners to get up record packs. One large opera- 
tor told the writer this week that he believed that not more than 
60 per cent of the tomato crop got into cans. In any event, 
tomato canners from all sections of the country joined the ranks 
of wholesale grocers and others from all over the country in 
trying to buy a supply of canned tomatoes in this section, and 
that is what has set the tomato market going. Brokers will tell 
you that the big buyers are taking only such goods as they need; 
that they are buying very carefully, and that they have not 
abandoned their policy of keeping stocks at a low ebb. And that 
is true. But there have been so many buyers of all kinds in the 
market—big, little and medium—that the total of their wants, 
today, surpasses, apparently, the supply of tomatoes on hand. 
There has been a little speculation by the oldtimers who know 
and “feel” the tomato market, but not a great deal; the vast 
majority of both canners and buyers have merely awakened to 
the fact that you cannot clean out all spot stocks down to the 
bare floors, as was done this year with tomatoes, and then over- 

pack the tomato market in one year, no matter how good the 
crop condition may be in every section. And, in particular, this 
cannot be done where the canners pack a quality article, as the 
vest majority of canners tried to do this season. For when the 
quality is there, then the consumer comes in with increased de- 
mands and will absorb any surplus which might otherwise accu- 
mulate. Look at what has happened with canned peas this sea- 
son. They packed a larger pack of peas this year than they did 
in last year’s record pack; it was a quality pack, and it has 
practically all been distributed earlier and more quickly than 
was done last year—and that was a record for quick distribu- 
tion. Give them the quality, and it is doubtful if the canners of 
any article can produce enough goods. Market operators should 
wake up to this fact, for even the canners are now growing 
“wise” to it. 

So, while we quote tomatoes at 65-70c, 90c-$1.00, $1.35-$1.45 
and $4.50-$5.00 for Nos. 1s, 2s, 8s and 10s, it must be understood 
that these are merely nominal prices as of this day, and it is 
easily possible that next week may see these prices as too low. 

ORN—Here is another item that has felt the seething of the 
market, and on which prices are steadily mounting. Corn 
cleaned out last season a whole lot better than many be- 

lieved, and was in a large way entirely gone by the time the 
canners began on this season’s pack. there was a mighty 
big hole to fill up from this year’s output. And, be it said to 
the credit of most of the corn canners, a big effort was made 
this season to improve the general quality of canned corn. And 
it looks very much as if they had succeeded very well in their 
efforts, judging by the way demand has increased since the de- 
livery of futures was begun. If this is the real case, look out 
for a skyrocketing market on canned corn. There are whole lots 
of people who never saw good corn in cans. When they find it, 
then watch the demand grow with leaps and bounds. All that 
will be needed when quality is there will be for the canners to 
put upon the labels some good recipes, telling people how to use 
canned corn, for most people do not know how to use it, but in- 
variably abuse it. They might tell their brokers, also, that when 
offering canned corn to buyers, it would be worth the while to go 
to the trouble to heat the corn before sampling, for next to a 
cold potato there is nothing flatter to the taste than cold canned 
corn. There will be a lot of hot objections flung at that state- 
ment by corn canners who boast that they often eat a whole can 
of corn cold. Once the writer seized a ton or two of desiccated 
egg—dried egg—but they should have been termed desecrated 
egg, for certainly they were rotten and smelled to high heaven; 
but the owner, protesting the seizure, took a small handful, 
tossed it into his mouth, and declared that it was delicious! Not 
many brokers and not many wholesale buyers eat canned corn, 
for they taste -it cold and do not like it. Tell them to heat it, 
and it will sell better. 

Canned corn is all quoted higher this week. Standard Ever- 
green at $1.15, standard shoepeg at $1.20, extra standard shoe- 
peg at $1.30, standard crushed at 974%c—and that means that 
we have about reached the dollar market on canned corn. 

October 8, 1923 

period, at least, when the year’s statistics showed such a 

good pack, but this has not happened, merely because the 
stocks of peas in first hands are down to the vanishing point, and 
many buyers are even now busy trying to find the peas they 
want. Wisconsin reports that the interest in peas is stronger 
than ever and the market holds firm, much on the order of toma- 
toes and corn, in a nominal way. The buyer who finds the peas 
he wants has to pay the holder’s price to get them. 

P ‘eriod, at Teas expected the pea market to run off for a 

condition of this article in all sections of the country, and 
the small packs where usually they have good ones, have 
The market holds firm 

S PINACH—Fall canning of spinach is on, and the cleaned-up 

served to bring demand to this market. 
without change of price. 

AUERKRAUT—The market has shown improvement this 
week, because it is known that the cabbage crop is a _dis- 
appointment, and that kraut may go to high prices. It is 

advancing here and in the West. and this at the very beginning 
of the kraut-curing time is an indication of the strong position 
of this item. 

WEET POTATOES—This item his followed suit with others 
Me and scored an advance this week. There seems to be some 

uncertainty about the pack, and it is to be noted that some 
city quotations are lower than the prices issued by the country 
canners. The market on well-known brands of sweet potatoes 
for future packing is $1.05 to $1.10 for No. 3s. 

EETS—tThe best crop, so far as the canners are concerned, 

has been a severe disappointment this season, and as a con- 

sequence there will hardly be enough beets canned to take 
care of the present demands, much less of the future. It is said 
there will be no surplus of beets. 

UMPKIN—This item is beginning to attract attention as 
P one of those on the scarce and high list. Indiana promises 

that there will be a very considerable shortage of canned 
pumpkin, and Indiana is the big factor in canned pumpkin. Those 
who have not covered their wants by futures may find them- 
selves without good pumpkin. 

Pr est in ve is said the canners are showing little or no inter- 

est in pears, although this is the season when they should. 

be at work on them. The Keiffer pear crop is reported to 
be very good, and that is probably the reason why canners are 
not particularly interested. No. 3 extra standards in syrup are 
quoted at $1.60. No. 2 in syrup are $1.15. 

season is here when the canners should be busy on them. 

Apparently everyone is watching which way the market 
goes. No. 10s are so low in price—$3.10 to $3.25—that there is 
slim margin of profit in them. There is a pretty good general 
apple crop, and this has its effect. 

A PPLES—tThere is not much said about apples, although the 


Market Shows Improvement and Prices Advancing—Stocks Are 
Limited, but Buyers Not Rushing—In Spite of a Large 
Pea Pack, Buyers Are Looking for Peas—Jobbers 
Wanted Large Margin of Profit—Many 
Caught on Tomato Advance—All 
Corn Advancing—Maine 
Corn Pro-rated. 

New York, October 5, 1928. 

ITUATION Favorable—The canned foods market continues to 
S show satisfactory development locally, and a stronger mar- 
ket is reported throughout the trade. Prices continue on the 
up-grade on many lines, and increasing shortages of wanted 
goods are reported in advices received from canning centers. 
Visible stocks are limited, but wholesale grocers and chain store 
buyers are not rushing the market for supplies, as they are con- 
sidering the possibility of invisible stocks, represented by specu- 
lative holdings, appearing on the markets later on. 


The Pea Statistics—The statistics on the 1923 pack of peas, 
as published in last week’s issue of The Canning Trade, came 
as a distinct surprise to many members of the trade here, who 
have consistently maintained that the pack for 1923 would fall 
considerably below the figure for 1922. The first surprise over 
the size of the pack being over, the question now being asked is: 
“Where have the peas gone?” Jt is quite probable that the 
increased attention to quality paid by pea canners supplies the 
answer; in other words, the pack has gone steadily into consump- 
tion. Buyers are still looking for peas, and are paying higher 
prices now than at the original opening. 

Pity the Jobber—At the convention of the American Spe- 
cially Manufacturers’ Association in Minneapolis last week a 
prominent wholesale grocer, speaking unofficially on behalf of 
the wholesale grocery trade in general, told the manufacturers 
that unless they increase the gross margins of profit for the 
jobber that many jobbers will be annihilated. Among the items 
on which he asked increased gross appeared canned vegetables. 
on which the jobber must make 10 to 20 per cent gross (accord- 
ing to the wholesale grocer’s figures) and canned fruits, on which 
a gross of 20 to 30 is asked. Just how such a gross is to be 
given, when these two items are essentially competitive commodi- 
ties, was not stated. However, to the canner who produces the 
goods, the ideas of his distributors as to the profits which they 
require merely to distribute the goods to the retail grocer are 

The Tomato Runaway—Buyers are rubbing their eyes in sur- 
prise at the unexpected antics of the Maryland tomato market. 
They have been warned right along that advances, and sharp 
advances, were in sight; but they discounted these warnings, as 
they have lately fallen into the habit of doing with many of their 
postings. Consequently, the recent rapid rises in prices have 
caught many of them unprepared, and they have been busy get- 
ting in while the getting was good. Western wholesale grocers 
are reported to have sent a heavy volu:ne of business to the East- 
ern packers, following the disapointing yield at the Indiana can- 
neries. Buyers who are sending down bids now at 2% to 5 cents 
under the prevailing quotations are finding that they are merely 
wasting their time and the brokers’ money for telegraphing, as 
canners are extremely firm in their views. Indeed, many of them 
are refusing to sell at the market, holding their goods for an 
anticipated better market later on in the season. 

Pro-Rata Delivery on Maine Corn—Maine corn canners have 
advised their trade that they will be forced to make pro-rata 
deliveries on contracts for new pack fancy corn. The pack has 
been considerably curtailed by crop damage this year. It is be- 
lieved that the percentage of deliveries will average 50 to 60 per 
cent, although no official announcement to this effect has yet 
been made. Canners, by their foresightness in refusing to book 
additional business during the summer months when the cror 
prospects were most dubious, have saved much trouble and hard 
feeling for both themselves and their distributors. 

Standard Corn Advancing—Standard corn is sharing in the 
general upward movement which has characterized the markets 
for staple canned foods commodities. Canners are now holding 
at an inside price of 95 cents for full quality standards, with a 
little off quality stocks to be had at 2% to 5 cents under these 
figures. The sharp advance in standard corn prices took the 
buyers unaware, as little heavy buying in anticipation of future 
requirements was done at the lower prices prevailing a few 
weeks ago. Buyers who turned down offerings then are now 
paying 10 to 15 cents per dozen more for their corn, and present 
prospects indicate a $1.00 market in the near future. 

Sardine Supply Small—While the Maine sardine canners 
have been able to supply their trade with a little more fish, stocks 
are still limited. The market is quotable anywhere from $4.00 to 
$4.50 for quarter keyless oils. Some canners are said to be re- 
fusing to sell at all at present prices, and are storing their stocks 
in anticipation of a higher market this winter and during next 
spring. Reserve holdings of sardines have been cleaned up, and 
practically nothing has been set aside in reserve so far this 

Shrimp Stronger—Shrimp canners are now quoting the mar- 
ket firm on the basis of $1.60 to $1.65 per doezn for 1s, and $3.00 
for 1%s. Packing thus far is considerably behind normal sched- 
ule, and supplies are light, both in the hands of packers and in 
the hands of distributors. 

Pineapple Higher — Hawaiian pineapple, which has been 
rather quiet on the spot position of late, has come to life rather 
suddenly, and this week advanced 10 cents per dozen on standar‘ 
and extra 2%s, which are now quoted at $3.10 and $3.40, respec- 



tively. Coast interests have withdrawn quotations, and one 
prominent canner has announced pro-rata deliveries on principal 

Canned Prunes Up—Owing to indicated scarcity of prunes 
this year, the California Prune and Apricot Growers’ Associa- 
tion this week advanced its prices on both individual size cans 
and No. 10 goods, the advance on the latter size being 75 cents 
per dozen. The prune association account in this market is now 
being handled by Wood & Stevens, Inc. 

Notes—Leaves Butler & Sergeant—A change of great in- 
terest to the local food brokerage fraternity took place this week, 
when C. K. Richardson, who has been president of Butler & Ser- 
geant, Inc., severed all connections with that organization, and 
went with Wood & Stevens, Inc. Mr. Richardson also severs all 
connections with the Butler & Sergeant selling organizations in 
Philadelphia, Cleveland, Milwaukee and San Francisco. Ernest 
S. Sergeant, who last year retired from active participation in 
the affairs of Butler & Sargeant, Inc., is now once again at the 
helm, making his headquarters at the New York office. 

W. B. Timms Recovering—Walter B. Timms put in a few 
hours in his office this week for the first time since his recent 
operation. Mr. Timms is looking very fine, and received the 
congratulations of his hosts of friends in the canning and broker- 
age industries on his speedy recovery from the effects of his 

Tuna Is Higher—California tuna is showing a stronger tone 
on all grades. Canners are pro-rating on white meat, and this 
has thrown the bulk of the demand on other grades, which are 
now higher in price. Canners are still booking business on yel- 
iowfin, for shipment when packed, as they expect to get fairly 
liberal supplies of the raw fish from Mexican waters during the 
next few months. The fish are caught in Mexican waters and 

shipped under refrigeration to the plants in Southern California 

for canning. 


Buyers Beginning to Buy Better, but Still on Small Lots—Toma- 
toes at Any Price Are Hard to Buy—Corn Also Shows 
Strength—Pea Offerings Limited—All Lines 
More Firmly Held—A Fine Quality of 
Apples in This Section. 

St. Louis, October 5, 1923. 

HE Market—The past few weeks, up to a few days ago, 

have been a disappointment to both the canners as well 

as the brokers, owing to failure of distributors to buy. 
The last few days, however, there has been a betterment in the 
demand, and the distributors have been doing some purchasing. 
Small quantities have been the rule, however. Few carload lots 
have been taken. Distributors have not been stocking up in 
spite of the many reasons for doing so. Some few distributors, 
however, with an eye to the future demands, have been laying 
in some good-sized stocks, particularly tomatoes and beans, and 
they have not hestitated in paying top prices for them. The 
buying has either been because the purchasers have been short 
on contracts, or they know that they will need them later on. 
Contract stocks that have been bought are commencing to come 
in. Canners have sold up enough, so they are now independent. 

Tomatoes—The buyers of tomatoes who want goods at inside 
prices are not able to get them, and even if they want them at 
full prices, they are not to be had. Indiana started planting late, 
and the packs in that State are much below early estimate. In 
the South and Middle West prices are firmer. California is de- 
cidedly firm. This is because of crop conditions, packing costs 
and prospective turnovers. Speculative tendencies, however, have 
not yet developed. 

Corn—There is considerable strength being shown in fancy 
corn. There is but little to be had. Maine canners have over- 
sold their output, and can only make about 50 per cent delivery, 
it is said. Competing packs are affected by the Maine situation 
and favor the canners. 

Peas—Peas are so nearly sold out, it is reported, that offer- 
ings are limited in all grades, with very few standards available. 
There is a good demand for that pack, but few are obtainable. 
The only real offerings are of fancy grades. 

Beans—aAll sorts of beans are getting more scarce. 


October 8; 1923 

Fruit—aAll California packers are standing firm on their lists 
of all packs which have not been withdrawn. Stocks are well 
cleaned up, and there are few offers being made. The local spot 
list is firm on the higher prices recently announced by the lead- 
ing packers. Quotations on futures are still more or less normal, 
but the outlook is very firm. Indications are that the packers 

‘have done an excellent business on what was left over of the 

old pack stock before they announced prices on the new pack. 

Peaches—There is a slight improvement in the movement of 
peaches, although there is not a satisfactory demand. 

Pineapples—There continues an indifferent demand for pine- 
apples for current consumption. 

Apples—Apples are in a firm way for the new pack, because 
the demand has depleted stocks of the old pack. 

Fish—Sardines continue to be the feature of canned fish. 
Firm prices prevail, although many buyers have been discour- 
aged because of advances. Canners are said to be limiting their 
offers, because they are of the opinion that prices will go up. 

Milk—The tone of condensed milk is irregular. Liberal 
cffers are being made. 

Early apples, including Jonathans and Grimes varieties, have 
practically all moved from points along the Frisco Railroad, 
in Northern Arkansas, but there is still considerable moving 
from the Missouri district. Seasonable conditions during the 
past several weeks have been favorable for maturing late varie- 
ties of Ben Davis, Ganos and other varieties are now under way, 
particularly from points in Northwest Arkansas. Owing to a 
sufficient quantity of rain during the past several weeks, the 
apples have developed in size very rapidly and are also coloring 
nicely, and it is expected that the shipments will come up to 
expectations and previous estimates. It is quite sure that the 
trade, as a whole, will be well satisfied with the quality of late 
apples from the Frisco district. “MISSOURI.” 


The Rains Have Come—Tomato Canning Checked, but Rains 
May Help Crop—Advancing Prices on Fruits Cause More 
Interest—Heavier Crop of Cling Peaches—Pine- 
apple Pack Larger Than Before—Spinach 
Getting Scarce—Some Coast Notes. 

San Francisco, October 5, 1928. 

HE Rains Came—Rains have fallen throughout California, 
[ in a few places the precipitation having amounted to as three inches. In most places, however, it is less 
than a half an inch, and the damage done is not extensive. In 
fact, the small loss to crops is so greatly overbalanced by the 
extinguishing of fires that is almost lost sight of. Deliveries 
of tomatoes have been held up some by the storm, but it is not 
unlikely that the crop will be benefited by the moisture in the 
long run. Beans were slightly damaged in a few places, and 
growers of raisins and prunes were put to the trouble of stack- 
ing trays. 

Fruits—The upward tendency in California canned fruit 
prices is causing the buying trade to pay a little more attention 
to their requirements, and business is a little brisker than it has 
been. Large orders are still lacking, but there are plenty of 
small ones, and everything on the list seems to be moving. Ad- 
ditional advances in prices are in prospect, and the situation 
promises to steadily grow firmer, since packing operations are 
largely at an end and the output is below estimates. In sev- 
eral varieties record crops were produced, but packs were cur- 
tailed because of small sizes, higher standards and a very heavy 
shipping demand. 

Peaches—The California Canning Peach Growers has issued 
estimates of the size of the crop of cling peaches in Sutter 
county, the banner peach-growing county of the State, and place 
this at 61,345 tons, as compared with 60,273 tons last year. The 
increase is accounted for by the large acreage of young orchards 
coming into bearing. In many other parts of the State the out- 
put showed a falling off, and the Sutter county crop is figured 

to be about 46 per cent of the expected total of cling peaches 
produced in California this year. 

October 8, 1928 

Pineapples—Acvices from Honolulu indicate that the pack 
of Hawaiian pineapple this year will run over early estimates 
by a considerable margin, owing to an improved acreage yield 
and the unusual proportion of large fruit. Early in the year the 
pack was estimated at 5,250,000 cases, but there is now a likeli- 
hood that it will closely approach 5,700,000 cases. The Hawaiian 
Pineapple Co., Ltd., will pack more fruit than any other concern 
this year, and hag already passed its estimate for the season of 
1,700,000 cases by a margin of 130,000 cases, with three months 
to go before the final reckoning is made for the year. The Cali- 
fornia Packing Corporation has packed more than 1,000,000 
cases of its estimated output of 1,400,000 cases, and Libby, 
McNeil & Libby have exceeded their estimate of 1,000.000 cases, 
and. are still packing. Several other packers are already over 
their preliminary estimate. An excellent demand has been ex- 
perienced ever since the naming of opening prices, and very little 
of the pack is unsold. Some packers are arranging to make pro- 
rata deliveries on some grades, while others will have small sur- 
pluses to offer. The trade is interested in the announcement that 
the popular No. 2% size, which was in light supply last year, 
will be plentiful this season. Record-breaking shipments are 
arriving at San Francisco, the steamer Matsonia having arrived 
within the week with 117,053 cases aboard. 

The California Packing Corporation has revised the codes 
formerly published by the J. K. Armby Co. and the California 
Fruit Canners’ Association, and is offering this under the name 
of the Calpack Code. The new cipher code has been brought 

strictly up to date and is designed to reduce the expense of tele- 
graphic communication to a minimum. In addition to covering 
canned fruits, vegetables and fish, it embraces dried fruits, nuts, 
raisins, and the like. Its use will date from October 1. 

Spinach—The California spinach pack is moving off in good 
shape, and some packers now have little to offer. The No. 2 
size is getting rather difficult to locate in quantities. No. 1 is 
to be had at $1.15, No. 2% at $1.65, and No. 10 at $5.25. 

Coast Notes—The troubles existing between the Fisher- 
men’s Protective Association of Monterey and the sardine pack- 
ers of that city are being sifted by the Department of Justice, 
according to current reports. Charges have been made that the 
fishermen’s organization is maintaining a monopoly in violation 
of the Sherman Anti-trust Law. 

The first convention of Western purchasing agents ever held 
on the Pacific Coast was held at San Francisco, Cal., the last 
week in September, with delegates present representing annual 
purchases in the Western States of more than two billion dollars. 
Charles E. Virden, of the Virden Packing Company and chair- 
man of the Industrial Committee of the California Development 
Association, took an active part in the convention, as did also 
Walter H. Levy, of the California Packing Corporation, who 
acted as chairman of the Entertainment Committee. 

A notice of the co-partnership of Arthur A. Burrows and 
J. C. Warmington as the Warmington-Duff Co. has been filed 
at San Francisco. Cal. These men have purchased the interests 
of J. F. Butts in this concern, as well as his interests in the 
J. F. Butts Co. The name of the latter concern, of which Arthur 
A. Burrows is now president, is to be changed to that of the 
Isleton Canning Co. A canning plant is maintained in the Sacra- 
mento River delta. 

The California Packing Corporation has purchased additional 
property adjoining its large plant at Sacramento, Cal., and plans 
the enlargement of its cannery. 

Amended articles of incorporation of the Ehmann Olive Co. 
have been filed at Oroville, Cal.. and the main office of the com- 
pany will be transferred from Oakland to Oroville, where its 
packing plants are located. 

The plant of the Pacific Pea Packing Co., at Oakdale, Cal., 
has been reopened for a short run on hominy. Green lima beans 
will also receive attention shortly. This crop has been slow in 
maturing and canning operations are late in commencing. 

The plant of the Syracus Canning Co., at Syracuse, Utah, 
was destroyed by fire on September 21, with a loss of about 
$150,000. A large quantity of canned peas and tomatoes was 
ruined. “BERKELEY.” 



Can Pack Very Tardy and Many Factories Still Operating— 
Deliveries Not Yet Announced—Apple Canning Sea- 
son Next—“Canned Lunch” to the Ladies. 

Portland, Me., October 5, 1923. 

MEETING of the Maine Canners’ Association was held in 

Portland on the 28th ultimo. Owing to the fact that the 

corn pack is very tardy and that many factories are still 
operating, the attendance was not as large as usual. Only in- 
ternal matters were considered during the session, principally 
the increased price to be paid to the growers in 1924. 

: Even at this late day some of the corn-canning factories are 
still taking in corn, though the majority of them are closed up 
or are already at work on apples. The corn pack, while still 
very small, has proved to be somewhat larger than was earlier 
anticipated, and this is attributed to the warmer weather which 
we have had for the past three weeks. Such corn as was on 
high land or for some other reason was not damaged by the 
frost has had an opportunity to mature, and has been of very 
good quality, indeed. While every factory has packed corn that 
was too young and some that was too old, this seems to be of 
very small amount compared to the total up-put, and the 1923 
production is generally of a very satisfactory quality. Canners 
kave not yet announced their deliveries, but the indications are 
that the average will run about 50 per cent, with slightly less in 
one or two instances, and slightly more in the case of Golden 
Bantam or either variety in No. 10 size. The delivery on ear 
corn is rather higher than on cut corn; in fact, one large producer 
of this style announces practically 100 per cent on his contracts. 

The apple-canning season is next on our local calendar, and 
several factories are already opening up for their fall run. Prices 
opened at $3.75, and several canners say they will take no more 
business at anything under this figure. Others have accepted 
contracts at $3.50, but are rather sick of their bargain when they 
come to figure actual costs of their goods. Orchardists are hav- 
ing great difficulty in getting help during picking, paying as 
high as $5.00 and $6.00 a day in some localities. One large 
grower sold his entire crop to a canner, then announced recently 
that he could not get pickers, and that the canner would have to 
take the apples on the trees or go without them altogether. This 
same scarcity of help is noticed in the factories, boosting pro- 
duction costs. With the quality of canned apples which Maine 
has lately established in the market, it is useless to hope to pro- 
duce goods to sell at $3.50 and show the canner enough profit to 
show on his income returns. 

A “canned” lunch was served by the Burnham & Morrill Co. 
to the visiting ladies of the N. E. Convention of Advertising 
Clubs, held here last week. The menu included clam broth, fish 
flakes a la Newburg, lobster salad, and rice pudding, with an 
“iron ration” of canned beans with pork and canned brown bread 
as a souvenir at each plate. After lunch a tour of inspection 
around the modern factory was enjoyed by about a hundred 
ladies, all being impressed with the sanitary and efficient meth- 
eds used. The Burnham & Morrill Co. also had a sample of 
their Fish Flakes in the souvenir suitcases presented to the 
ladies of the convention; others packages of foods from loca! 
firms were: Golden Bantam corn, from H. C. Baxter & Bro.; 
Hatchet Brand beans and pork, from Twitchell Champlin Co.; 
sardines in olive oil, from Portland Products Co., and mustard 
from E. W. Brown Co., and shredded fish from Lord Bros. Co. 




Made from wheat 
Send for sample 
Arthur S. Hoyt Co., 
90 West Broadway New York City 



pote T Wity 


Kern Lightening Finisher 



Profit Increasing Corps 

Copper Steam Jacket Kettles 
Indiana Pulper 

Indiana Pulper Finisher 

Indiana Chili Sauce Machine 

Washers, Sorting Tables 
Cypress or Enamel Lined Tanks 
Spice Buckets, etc., 


130-142 E. Georgia St. Indianapolis, Ind. 

October 8, 1923 



From the Manufacturers’ Record 
Hooded*men who think they are Divinely commis- 
sioned to whip men and women are greater criminals 
than the people they whip, it matters not what their 
professions of goodness and morality may be. 

From the Washington Star 

Senator Simeon D. Fess, of Ohio, who in the last election 
was promoted from the House to the Senate, recalls that when 
he was a college president he once wound up a talk to his boys 
by saying: “Remember, hell is paved with booze, joy wagons, 
jazz dancing and wild women,” and sotto voce from a back seat, 
as an echo came: “Oh, death, where is thy sting?” 


It is a custom in small towns to refer to all classes of the- 
atrical performances as “oprys,” perhaps because the playhouse 
is usualy called the opera house. Not long ago a theatrical man 
was obliged to inspect the opera house of a Massachusetts town, 
and found the janitor busy holding down a rocking chair, puffin 
quietly at an old clay pipe. 

“Ah, Mr. Stage Manager, just the one I want to see,” cheer- 
fully spoke the visitor. “Can you tell me the name of the last 
show you had here?” 

The janitor paused thoughtfully for a minute. 

“T jest can’t. It’s clean gone from my memory.” Then, yell- 
ing to someone in the rear, he asked: 

“Hey, Ezry, what was the last opry we had here?” 

“The last opry we had here,” came the decisive answer, “was 
Albert Anderson’s trained monkeys.” 


Quite recently a woman advertised in the Times for a care- 
taker for her town home, and after interviewing a large number 
of applicants, found one that suited her. 

“Thanks for giving me a job,” said the man, “and might I 
ask you a question? You stated in the ad. that you wanted a 
married man. Does that mean you have some work in view for 
my wife?” 

“Oh, no,” replied the woman. “I wanted a married man 

so as to be sure I get someone used to taking orders from a 

Housewife—What! Twenty thousand marks? I only paid 
10,000 last time! 

hopman—Ah, that was in the good old times—half an hour 
ago!—Ulk (Berlin). 

Mr. Wye—I don’t know where women acquired their extrav- 
agance in dress—Eve wasn’t like that, you know. 
Mrs. Wye—Of course not—there was only one man in the 
world and she had him.—Life. 

“Johnny, you’ve been fighting again and lost all your teeth.” 
“Naw, I got ’em all in my pocket.”—-Santa Fe New Mexican. 


A certain celebrated doctor hated to pay his bills, and got 
out of doing so whenever he could. One day the doctor employe:! 
a workman to mend some pavement just outside his house. After- 
wards he exclaimed: 

“Why, you rascal! Do you expect to be paid for such a piece 
of work? Why, you have spoiled my pavement and then cov- 
ered it over with earth to hide the bad work!” 

he workman winked knowingly. _ 

“Doctor,” he retorted, slyly, “mine is not the only bad work 

the earth hides.”—Kansas City Star. 


“And do you know your Bible, my child?” 

“Oh, yes; I know everything that’s in it. Sister’s young 
man’s photo is in it, an’ ma’s recipe for face cream, an’ a lock 
of my hair cut off when I was a baby, an’ the ticket for pa’s 
watch.”—Melbourne Punch. 

4 THE 
Is Now 

October 8, 1923 


——<the Machinery and Supplies you need and the Leading Houses that supply them. 
Consult the advertisements for details. 

Apple Paring Machines. See Paring Machines. 
Automatic Canmaking Machinery. See Can- 
makers’ Machinery. 

BASKETS (wire), scalding, picking, etc. 
A. K. Robins, & Co., Baltimore. 

BELTS, carrier, rubber, wire, etc. 
La Porte Mat & Mfg. Co.. La Porte, Ind. 
Bean Cleaners. See ios & Mchy. 
Beans, Dried. Pea and Bean 

Belting. See Plant Equi 
Berry Boxes. See Baskets, woo 

BLANCHERS, vegetable and fruit. 

Ayars Machine Co., Salem, N. J. 
Co., Silver Creek, 
obins & Co., Baltimore. 

Sprague Cang. Mehy. Co., Chicago. 

Blowers, pressure. See Pumps. 

Edw. Renneburg & Sons Co., Baitimore. 
A. K. Robins Co., Baltimore. 
Slaysman & Co., Baltimore. 
Louis A. Tarr, Inc., Baltimore, Md. 
Bottle Capping Machines. See Bottlers’ Mchy. 
Bottle Caps. See Caps. 
Bottle Cases, wood. See Boxes, Crates, Shooks. 
Bottle Corking Machines. See Bottlers‘ Mchy. 
Bottle Fillers. See Bottlers’ Mchy. 

Ayars Machine Co., Salem, N. J. 
Karl Kiefer Machine Co., Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Edw. Ermold Co., New York City. 

Bottle Screw Caps. See Caps. 
Box Nailing Machines. 

BOXES, CRATES and Shooks, wood. 
H. D. Dreyer & Co., Baltimore. 
Boxes, corrugated paper. See Corrugated 

Paper Products. 
Boxing Machines,can. See Labeling Machines, 


Thos. J. Meehan & Co., Bal 
J. M. Zoller Co., Baltimore, Md. 

Buckets and Pails, fiber. See Fiber Containers. 
Buckets and Pails, metal. See Enameled 

Buckets, wood. See Cannery Supplies. 
BURNERS, oil gas, gasoline, etc. 
A. K. Robins & Co., Baltimore. 
BY-PRODUCTS, machinery. 
Edw. Renneburg & Sons Co., Baltimore. 

Burning Brands. See Stencils. 
Cabbage Machinery. See Kraut Machinery. 
Can Conveyors. See Conveyors and Carriers. 


Ams Machine Co., Max, New York City. 
Ayars Machine Co., Salem, N. J. 

Can Fillers. See Filling Machines. 

Ams Machine Co., Max, New York City. 
E. W. Bliss Co., ‘Brooklyn, N 

Can Mchy. Co., 

John R. Mitchell Co., — 
McDonald Machine Co., C hicago. 
Seattle-Astoria Iron Works, Seaitle, Wash. 
Slaysman & Co., Baltimore. 

Stevenson & Co., Baltimore. 

Can Markers. See Stampers and Markers. 

Can Lacquers. See Lacquer Manufacturers. 

Ayars Machine Co., Salem, N. J. 

Beriia Cang. Machy. Wks., Berlin, Wis. 
K. Robins & Co., Bal timore. 

Sinelate Scott Baltimore. 

Slaysman & Co., Baltimore. 

Sprague Cang. oMehy. Co., Chicago. 

Zastrow Machine Co, Baltimore. 

Canning Experts. See Consulting Experts. 
Can Stampers. See Stampers and Markers. 
Can Testers. See Canmakers’ Machinery. 
Filling Machines, bottle. See Bottlers’ Mehy. 


CANS, tin, all kinds. 

American Can Co., New York. 

Atlantic Can Co., Baltimore. 

Continental Can Co., Syracuse, N. Y. 
Heekin Can Co., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Phelps Can Co., Baltimore. 

Southern Can Co., Baltimore. 

Virginia Can Co., Roanoke, Va. 

Wheeling Corrugating Co., Wheeling, W. Va. 

Cans, fiber. See Fiber Containers. 

Ayars Machine Co., Salem, N. J. 
A. K. Robins & Co., Baltimore. 
Sprague Cang. Mchy. Co., Chicago. 

Copies solderless. See Closing 
Capping ‘Btecle, soldering. See Cannery Supls. 
CARRIERS and Conveyors, gravity. 

Karl Kiefer Machine Co., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Sprague Cang. Mchy. Co., Chicago. 

Cartons. See Corrugated Paper Products. 

Catsup Machinery. For the preparatory work. 
Mchy.; for bottling, see Bottlers’ 

Conveyors. See Conveyors. 
—— for elevating, conveying. See Convey- 

come employees’ time. See Stencils. 
Choppers, food, fruit, mincemeat, etc. 
Chutes, Gravity Spiral. See Carriers. 
Cider and Vinegar Makers’ Supplies. 

J. B. Ford Co., Wyandotte, Mich. 


Huntley Mfg. Co., Silver Creek, N. Y. 

Peas, bean, seed, 
Huntley’ Mfg. Siiver Creek, N. Y. 
A. K. Robins & Co., Baltimore. 
Sinclair-Scott Co., Baltimore. 
Sprague Cang. Meby. Co., Chicago. 

Cleaning and Washing Machines, bottle. See 
Bottlers’ Machinery. 
Cleaning Machines, can. 

See Washers. 
Clocks, process time. 

See Controllers. 
CLOSING MACHINES, open top cans. 

Ams Machine Co., Max, New York City. 

E. W. Bliss Co., Brooklyn, |. 
Cameron Can Machy. Co., Chicago. Il. 
Seattle-Astoria Iron Works, Seattle, Wash. 
Slaysman & Co., Baltimore. 

Wheeling Corrugating Co., Wheeling, W. Va 

Coated Nails. See Nails. 

Coils, copper. See Copper Coils. 

Condensed Milk Canning Machinery. See Milk 
Condensing Mchy. 

Colors, Certified for” foods. 


Matthew yoy Carrier Co., Elwood City, Pa. 
La Porte Mat Mfg. Co., La Porte, Ind. 
A. K. Robins & Co., Baltimore. 

COOKERS, continuous, agitating. 

Anderson-Barngrover Mfg. Co., San Jose, Cal. 
Berlin Cang. Machy. Wks., Berlin, Wis. 

Cookers’ retors. See Kettles, process. 
Cookers and Fillers, corn. See Corn Cooker- 
COOLERS, continuous. 
Anderson-Barngrover Mfg. Co., San Jose, Cal. 
COPPER COILS for tanks. 
F. H. Langsenkamp, Indianapolis. 
Copper Jacketed Kettles. See Kettles, copper. 
Edw. Ermold Co., New York City. 
Ayars Machine Co., Salem, N. J. 
A. K. Robins & Co., Baltimore. 
Sprague Cang. Mehy. Co., Chicago. 
K. Robins & Co., Baltimore. 
Cang. Mchy. Co., Chicago. 
CORN SHAKERS (in the can). 
Ayars Machine Co., Salem, N. J. 

Huntley Mfg. Co., Silver Creek, N. Y. 

Corn Mixers and Agitators. See Corn Cooker 

(Boxes, Bottle Wrappers, 

Hinde & Dauch Paper Co., Sandusky, Ohi 
Counters. See Can Counters. 

Countershafts. See Speed Regulating Devices 

CRANES and carrying machines. 
A. K. Robins & Co., Baltimore. 
Sinclair-Scott Co., Baltimore. 
Zastrow Machine Baltimore. 

CRATES, Iron Process. 
Edw. Renneburg & ~~ Co., Baltim 
A. K. Robins Co., Baltim more. ai 
Sprague Cang. Mchy. Co., Chicago. 
Zastrow Machine Co Baltimore. 
Cutters, corn. See Corn Cutters. 
Cutters, kraut. See Kraut Machinery. 
Cutters, string bean. See String Bean Mchy 
Dating Machines. See Stampers and Markers 
DECORATED TIN (for Cans, Caps, ete.). 
ontinen’ an Syracuse, N. 
Southern Can Co., Baltimore. - 
Wheeling Corrugating Co., Wheeling, W. Va. 
Dies, can. See Canmakers’ Mchy. 
Double-Seaming Machines. See Closing Mchs. 
DRYERS, drying machinery. 
Edw. Renneburg & Sons Co., Baltimore. 
Slaysman & Co., Baltimore. 
Elevators, Warehouse. 

Employees’ Time Checks. See Stencils. 
A. K. Robins & Co., Baltimore. 
Engines, Steam. See Boilers and Engines. 
Enameled-lined kettles. See Tanks, glass 
Edw. Renneburg & Sons Co., Baltimore. 
Ayars Machine Co., Salem, N. J. 
A. K. Robins & Co., Baltimore. 
Sprague Cang. Mehy. Co., Chicago. 
Factory Stools. See Stools. 
Factory Supplies. See Cannery Supplies. 
A. K. Robins & Co., Baltimore, Md. 
FIBRE CONTAINERS for food (not her 
metically sealed). 
American Can Co., New York. 
Continental Can Co., Inc., Syracuse, Chicago. 
Hinde & Dauch Paper Co., Sandusky, Ohio. 
FIBRE PRODUCTS, boxes, boxboard, etc. 
Hinde & Dauch Paper Co.,: Sandusky, Ohio. 

— and Cookers. See Corn Cooker- 


Filling Machines, bottles. See Bottlers’ Mchy. 

Ayars Machine N. J. 

Hansen Cang. Corp., Cedarburg, Wis. 

Karl Kiefer Machine Co., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Co., Silver Creek, 
K. Robins & ‘Co., Baltimore. 

Sinclair. Scott Co., Baltimore. 

Sprague Cang. Mehy. Co., Chicago. 

Filling Machine, syrup. See Syrnping Ma- 


F. H. Langsenkamp, Indianapolis. 
A. K. Robins & Co., Baltimore. 
Sinclair-Scott Co., Baltimore. 
Sprague Cang. Mchy. Co., Chicago. 
Food Choppers. See Choppers. 
Friction Top Cans. See Cans, t 
Fruit Grade Cleaning and Grading 

Fruit Parers. See Paring Machines. 
FRUIT PITTERS and seeders. 

Huntley Mfg. Co., Silver Creek, N. Y. 

Fruit Presses. See Cider Makers’ Mchy. 

Gasoline Firepots. See Cannery fesse. 

Gauges, pressure, time, etc. See Power Plant 




Oetober $, 1923 

WHERE TO BUY—Continued 

GENERAL AGENTS for Machinery Mfrs. 
A. K. Robins & Co., Baltimore. 
Sprague Canning Mchy. Co., 
Generators, electric. See motors. 
Glass-lined Tanks. See Tanks, glass-lined. 
Glue, for sealing fibre boxes. 
Governors, steam. See Power Plant Equip. 
Grading Mches. See Cleaning and Gr'd’g Mchy. 
Gravity Carriers. See Carriers and Conveyors. 
Green Corn Huskers. See Corn Huskers. 
Green Pea Cleaners. See Cleaning and Grad- 

ing Mchy. 

Hoisting and Carrying Mches. See Cranes. 
Hominy Making Machinery. 
Hullers and Viners. See Pea Hullers. 
Huskers and Silkers. See Corn Huskers. 
Ink, can stamping. See Stencils. 

INSURANCE, canners’. 
Canners’ Exchange, Lansing B. Warner, Chi- 
Jacketed Kettles. See Kettles, copper. 
F. H. Langsenkamp, Indianapolis, Ind. 
Jars, fruit. See Glass Bottles, etc. 
Juice Pumps. See Pumps. 
Kerosene Oil Burners. See Burners. 
Ketchup Fillers. See Bottlers’ Mchy. 

KETTLES, copper, plain or jacketed. 
F. H. Langsenkamp, Indianapolis, Ind. 
Kettles, enameled. See Tanks, glass-lined. 

KETTLES, process. 
Ayars Machine Co., Salem, N. J. 
Berlin Cang. Mchy. Works, Berlin, Wis. 
Edw. Renneberg & Sons Co., Baltimore. 
A. K. Robins & Co., Baltimore. 
Sprague Cang. Mchy. Co., Chicago. 
Zastrow Mchy. Co., Baltimore. 

KNIVES, miscellaneous. 
A. K. Robins & Co., Baltimore. 
Kraut Cutters. 


Edw. Ermold Co., New York City. 
€. H. Knapp Co., Yonkers, N. Y. 

LABEL Manufacturers. 
H. Gamse & Co., Baltimore. 
R. J. Kittredge & Co., Chicago. 
Simpson & Doeller Co., Baltimore. 

LABORATORIES for analysis of goods, etc. 
National Canners Asso., Washington, D. C. 
Markers, can. See Stampers and Markers. 
Marking Ink, pots, ete. See Stencils. 
Marmalade Machinery. See Pulp Machinery. 
Meat Canning Machinery. 

Meat Choppers. See Choppers. 

Ayars’ Machine Co., Salem, N. J. 
Berlin Cang. Mchy. Works, Berlin, Wis. 
Zastrow Mchy. Co., Baltimore. 
Molasses Filling Machines. See Filling Ma- 
Nailing Machines. See Box Nailing Machines. 

Berlin Cang. Mchy. Works, Berlin, Wis. 
Edw. Renneburg & Sons Co., Baltimore. 
Zastrow Mchy. Co., Baltimore. 

Packers’ Cans. See Cans. 

Pails, tubs, ete., fibre. See Fibre Containers. 

Paper Boxes. See Corrugated Paper Products. 

Paper Cans and Containers. See Fibre Con- 

Paring Knives. See Knives. 


Sincla*r-Scott Co., Baltimore. 
PAS rE, canners’. 

Arabol Mfg. Co., New York City. 

Edw. Ermold Co., New York City. 

A. S. Hoyt Co., New York. 

Industrial Paper Co., Baltimore. 


D. Landreth Seed Co., Bristol, Pa. 
Rogers Bros. Co., Chieigo. 


Ayars Machine Co., Salem, N. J. 

Berlin Cang. Mchy. Works, Berlin, Wis. 
Hansen Cang. Mchy. Corp., Cedarburg, Wis. 
Huntley Mfg. Co., Silver Creek, N 
A. K. Robins & Co., Baltimore. 
Sprague Cang. Mchy. Co., Chieago. 
Pea Harvesters. See Farming Machinery. 

Pea Hullers and Viners. 

Chisholm Scott Co., Columbus, O. 
Frank Hamachek, Kewaunee, Wis. 

Pea Vine Feeders. 

Chisholm Scott Co., Columbus, O. 

Frank Hamachek, Kewaunee, Wis. 

A. K. Robins & Co., Baltimore. 

Peach and Cherry Pitters. See Fruit Pitters. 

Sinclair-Scott Co., Baltimore. 

PEELING TABLES, continuous. 

Ayars Machine Co., Salem, N. J. 

Berlin Cang. Mchy. Works, Berlin, Wis. 

A. K. Robins & Co., Baltimore. 

Sprague Cang. Mchy. Co., Chicago. 

Perforated Sheet Metal. See Sieves and 

Picking Boxes, Baskets, ete. 

Picking Belts and Tables. 


John R. Mitchell Co., Baltimore. 
Zastrow Mchy. Co., Baltimore. 

Platform and Wagon Scales. See Scales. 
Picking Belts and Tables. See Pea Canners’. 

lower Presses. See Canmakers’ Machinery. 
Power Transmission Mechy. See Power Plant 
Karl Kiefer Machine Co., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

See Baskets. 
See Pea Canners’ 

Berlin Cang. Mchy. Works, Berlin, Wis. 
I’. H. Langsenkamp, Indianapolis. 
A. K. Robins & Co., Baltimore. 
Sinclair-Seott Co., Baltimore. 
Sprague Cang. Mchy. Co., Chicago. 

PUMPS, air, water, brine, syrup. 

F. H. Langsenkamp, Indianapolis. 

Ams Machine Co., Max, New York City. 
A. K. Robins & Co., Baltimore. 

Retort Crates. See Kettles, process. 
Retorts, steam. See Kettles, process. 
Rubber Stamps. See Stencils. 
Saccharometers (syrup testers). 

See Cannery 

SALT, canners. 

Sanitary Cleaner and Cleaner. 

Sanitary (open top) cans. See Cans. 

Sardine Knives and Scissors. See Knives. 

SCALDERS, tomato, ete. 

Ayars Machine Co., Salem, N. J. 

F. H. Langsenkamp, Indianapolis. 
Huntley Mfg. Co., Silver Creek, N. Y. 
Edw. Renneburg & Sons Co., Baltimore. 
A. K. Robins & Co., Baltimore. 
Sprague Cang. Mchy. Co., Chicago. 

Sealding and Picking Baskets. 

Serap Bailing Press. 

Screw Caps, bottle. See Caps. 

Sealing Machines, bottle. See Bottlers’ Mchy. 

Sealing Machines, sanitary cans. See Closing 

See Cleaning 

See Baskets. 

SEEDS, canners’, all varieties. 
D. Landreth Seed Co., Bristol, Co. 
Rogers Bros. Co., Chicago. 
Separators. See Pea Canning Mchy. 

Ams Machine Co., Max, New York. 
EK. W. Bliss Co., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Cameron Can Mchy. Co., Chicago, Il. 
MeDonald Machine Co., Chicago, Ill. 

Seattle-Astoria Iron Works, Seattlé, Wash. 
Shooks. See Boxes, Crates, etc. 

Iluntley Mfg. Co., Silver Creek, N. Y. 
Sinclair-Seott Co., Baltimore. 


Huntley Mfg. Co., Silver Creek, N. Y. 

Slicers, fruit and vegetable. See Corers and 

Sorters, pea. See Cleaning & Grading Mchy. 


chines, belt drives, etc.). 
Sinclair-Seott & Co., Baltimore. 
Huntley Mfg. Co., Silver Creek, N. Y. 


Ams Machine Co., Max. New York City. 
A. C. Gibson Co., Buffalo. 
Steam Cookers, continuous. See Cookers. 
Steam Jacketed Kettles. See Kettles. 
Steam Pipe Covering. See Boiler and Pipe 

Steam Retorts. See Kettles, process. 

STENCILS, marking pots brushes. 
brass checks, rubber and steel type, burn- 
ing brands, etc. 

A. C. Gibson Co., Buffalo. 
A. K. Robins & Co., Baltimore. 

F. H. Langsenkamp, Indianapolis. 

Berlin Cang. Mchy. Works, Berlin, Wis. 
Chisholm-Scott Co., Columbus, Ohio. 
Huntley Mfg. Co., Silver Creek, N. Y. 
A. K. Robins & Co., Baltimore. 
Sprague Cang. Mchy. Co., Chicago. 
Supplies, engine room, line shaft, ete. Sve 
Power Plant Equipment. 
Supply House and General Agents. See Gen- 
eral Agents. 
Switchboards. See Electrical Appliances. 
Franklin Sugar Refining Co., Philadelphia. 

Ayars Machine Co., Salem, N. J. 
Karl Kiefer Machine Co., Cincinnati, Ohio. 
A. K. Robins & Co., Baltimore. 
Sprague Cang. Mchy. Co., Chicago. 

Tables, picking. See Pea Canners’ Mchy. 

Berlin Cang. Mchy. Works, Berlin, Wis. 
F. H. Langsenkamp, Indianapolis. 
Slaysman & Co., Baltimore, Md. 
TANKS, glass-lined steel. 
I. H. Langsenkamp, Indianapolis, Ind. 

Testers, can. See Canmakers’ Mchy. 

Ticket Punches. See Stencils. 

Time Controllers, process. See Controllers 

Tin Lithographing. See Decorated Tin. 

Tipping Machines, See Capping Machines 

Ayars Machine Co., Salem, N. J. 

Berlin Cang. Mchy. Works, Berlin, Wis. 

Huntley Mfg. Co., Silver Creek, N. Y. 

A. K. Robins & Co., Baltimore. 

Sprague Cang. Mchy. Co., Chicago. 

A. K. Robins & Co., Baltimore. 
Tomato Seed. See Seeds. 

Ayars Machine Co., Salem, N. J. 
F. H. Langsenkamp, Indianapolis. 
A. K. Robins & Co., Baltimore. 
Sprague Cang. Mchy. Co., Chicago. 
Transmission Machinery. 
Trucks, Platform, ete. 
Tumblers, glass. See Glass Bottles, ete. 
Turbines. See Electrical Machinery. 
Variable Speed Countershafts. See Speed 
Vegetable Corers, ete. See Corers and Slicers. 

Vegetable Parers. See Paring Machines. 
Viner Feeders. See Viners and Hullers. 


Chisholm-Scott Co., Columbus, O. 
Frank Hamachek, Kewaunee, Wis. 

Washers, bottle. See Bottlers’ Machinery. 
Washers and scalders, fruit, ete. See Scalders 
WASHERS, can and jar. 

Ayars Machine Co., Salem, N. J. 

Berlin Cang. Mchy. Works, Berlin, Wis. 
Hansen Cang. Mchy. Corp., Cedarburg, Wis. 
A. K. Robins & Co., Baltimore. 

Washing and Scalding Baskets.’ See Baskets. 
Windmills and Water Supply Systems. See 
Tanks, wood. 
Wiping Machines, can. See Canmakers’ Mchy. 
Wire Bound Boxes. See Boxes. 
Wire Scalding Baskets. See Baskets. 
WIRE, for strapping boxes 
Wrappers, paper See Corrugated Paper 
Products. A 
Wrapping Machines, can. See Labelling Mchy. 
WYANDOTTE—Sanitary Cleaner. 

J. B. Ford Co., Wyandotte, Mich. 

See Power Plant 

See Factory Trucks 

Oct. 8, 1928 



Improved Process Steel Kettle 

Equipped with all the latest im- 
provements. Strongly and ac- 
curately made. Has been used for 
years with perfect satisfaction. 


Edw. Renneburg 
& Sons Company 

2639 Bosten Street 
Atlantic Wharf, Boston Street and 
Lakewood Avenue 







A Good PRODUCT plus an 

attractive “GAMSE LABEL” 
pn your 
properly displayed— 

spells “SUCCESS” 

High Speed Offset Presses—than any 

house in Baltimore and can save you. 
MONEY on your Labels. .°. Write Us 



Building, BALTIMORE, MD. 




2 =