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• NARCOTICS LAW BULLETIN 


INDEX 1991 

JANUARY — DECEMBER 


Accomplice '*■8* 

Aid and Abet — Marijuana Patch, Morrow, (TN) .Oct. 5 

intent to Sell Proven, Kaplan, (NY). April 4 

Lookout at Private Club, Armstrong, (NY).Jan. 5 

Maintenance of Location for Manufacture and Distribution, Roberts, (TX) ... June S 
Automobile Stop 

Residue Found on Floor of Car — Search Challenged, Porter, (OR) .Sept. 7 

Stop for Traffic Violation, Hines, (NY) .Jan. 2 

Border Search 

Drug SnifTTests of Baggage, Villanueva, (NM) .May 7 

Consent 

Consent to Illicit Use of Property, Certain Real Property, (NY) .Oct. 7 

Intent to Distribute Proven, Kelly, (TN) .July 8 

Conspiracy 

Aiding and Abetting Not a Separate Offense, Sanchez, (MA) .Aug. 4 

Buyer-Seller Insufficient to Show Conspiracy, Schmidt, (MN) .Oct. 4 

Conviction Upheld — Attempt to Possess Reversed, Cea, (IL) .June 6 

Credibility — Acts of Coconspirators, Parkin, (IL) .July 6 

Evidence of Aborted Drug Exchange, Camilo Montoya, (RI) .Aug. 3 

Garbage Search Allowed — Use of Informant Proper, McNeese, (Wl).March 7 

Heroin Distribution Network — Proof, Simmons, (NY) .Oct. 3 

Intent to Distribute — Sentence Not Reduced, Sandbom, (MI) .April 3 

Intent to Distribute — Wiretap Busts Drug Ring, Guerra-Marez, (TX) .Dec. 2 

Manufacturing Methamphetamine — Admissions, Litteral, (TX) .Oct. 4 

Notebook Inspection Ruled Improper, Khoury, (FL) .March 7 

Potency of Drug — Is Buyer a Member?, Baker, (IN).March 6 

Sufficiency of Evidence, Harris, (FL) .May 7 

Sufficiency of Evidence — Agent’s Testimony, Valencia-Lucena, (PR).Nov. 2 

Witness Expertise Questioned, Cook, (MD).May 4 

Constructive Possession 

Attempt to Flee — Weapon — Amount of Cash — Drugs, Porter, (WA) ... March 4 

Control Issue Disputed, Moore, (FL).March 4 

Denial of Ownership of Bag, Morgan, (DC).June 2 

Dominion and Control, Morales, (NY) .March 5 

Dominion and Control of Marijuana — Intent to Deliver, Lonnecker, (NE) ... Dec. 5 

Drugs Found Close to Other Items Owned by Defendant, Safley, (AR) .Aug. 2 

Even When Not Exclusive, Enough for Possession, Adkins, (MO) .Sept. 3 

Evidence Not Enough to Convict Home-Owner, Harvey, (NY).April 3 

Exclusive Control — Roommates, McCarty, (TX) .Feb. 7 

Forfeiture Allowed — Intent to Deliver, 1984 BMW 528E Auto, (IL) .Dec. 5 

Intent to Distribute — Packaged Drugs, Muniz, (NM) .Aug. 5 



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NARCOTICS LAW BULLETIN 

23 Drydock Ave., Boston, MA 02210-2387 
ISSN 0887-8285 Copyright © 1992 


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Page 2 - January 1991 — December 1991 N. L. B. 


Month Page 

Knowledge of Contraband’s Presence Necessary, McGruder, (AL) .Feb. 6 

Marijuana in Plain View in Car, Nowden, (AR).May 2 

Mere Presence in Car with Large Quantity of Drugs, Pace, (MO) .Oct. 3 

Proximity of Time and Place of Discovery, Preston, (LA) .Aug. 2 

Taped to Companion’s Body — Actual Possession, Hester, (MO).Aug. 3 

Vehicle Search—Driver Not Owner, Fultz, (MI) .Nov. 4 

Warrant Issued After Illegal Search, Lozar, (MN) .June 2 

Delivery 

Occurs When Seller Relinquishes Control, Vallardares, (TX) .Sept. 3 

Detention 

Airport — Probable Cause to Stop, Grant, (GA) .May 6 

Distribution 

Brother-Sister Crack Team Nabbed, Clark, (OH).Dec. 3 

Buyer-Seller Insufficient to Show Conspiracy, Schmidt, (MN) .Oct. 4 

Conspiracy — Wiretap Busts Heroin Drug Ring, Guerra-Marez, (TX) .Dec. 2 

Constructive Possession — Packaged Drugs, Muniz, (NM) .Aug. 5 

Continuing Criminal Enterprise, Martell, (GA) .April 4 

Counterfeit Drug Must be Labeled to Cause Liability, Adderly, (FL) .Sept. 3 

Dominion and Control of Marijuana, Lonnecker, (NE).Dec. 5 

Drug Courier — Use of Beepers, Solis, (IL).Oct. 2 

Evidence Showed Only That Car Occupants Discussed Price, Reid, (MA)_Aug. 5 

Forfeiture Allowed, 1984 BMW 528E Auto, (IL) .Dec. 5 

House Occupants Admitted Purchasing Cocaine, Sams, (GA) .Aug. 6 

Man Found During Crack Bust Claims Innocence, Head, (OH).Dec. 3 

Mere Presence in Car with Drugs — Constructive Possession, Pace, (MO) ... Oct. 3 

Packaging of Drugs in Pocket, Pickett, (NJ).Feb. 6 

PCP Seen in Plain View, Hippier, (MD) .Feb. 5 

Possession — Sentence Not Reduced, Sandbom, (MI) .April 3 

Possession — Drugs in Wife’s Car, Newberry, (LA).July 2 

Possession of 13 Pounds of Marijuana — No Other Proof, Billey, (OK).Aug. 4 

Possession of Weapons and Crack, Gibbs, (DC) .March 2 

Prior Conviction for Drug Sales, Rogers, (DC) .Aug. 7 

Residency Established During Surveillance, Barkley, (GA).Dec. 4 

Sentence Increase Based on (Quantity Instead of Purity, Brown, (MO) .Sept. 2 

Suspect Claims He Did Not Know of Illegal Content. Lara-Velasquez, (TX) . .Sept. 4 

Entrapment 

Sting Operation — Undercover Officer in Drug Sale, Gonzalez, (FL).Oct. 2 

Evidence 

Appropriate Quantity of Drug in Pure Uncut State, Rodriguez, (LA).Aug. 8 

Conspiracy, Harris, (FL).May 7 

Continuing Criminal Enterprise — Leader Challenges, Jenkins, (UT).April 6 

Comment on Drug Price — Liability for Sale, Saunders, (IL) .Oct. 7 

Drug Paraphernalia Disputed, Edwards. (AR) .April 7 

Marijuana Plants Found Growing on Property, Visman, (CA) .Sept. 5 

Right to Counsel — Retrial, Evans, (MD) .July 4 

Use of Uncharged Sale, Henry, (NY) .July 5 

Expectation of Privacy 

Undercover Officers Enter Home, Lewis, (WA) .Jan. 6 

Forfeiture 

Car Loaned to Drug-Dealing Friend — DEA Delays, McCoy, (PA) .Dec. 7 

Cash Seized at Airport — Probable Cause. $144,600 U.S. Currency, (FL) .... Dec. 6 

Consent to Illicit Use of Property, Certain Real Property, (NY) .Oct. 7 

Constructive Possession — Intent to Deliver, 1984 BMW 528E Auto, (IL) ... Dec. 5 

Conviction Not Necessary — Car and House Used, 1988 Ford Coupe, (PA) .. July 6 

Innocent Owner Defense — Standing, 2511 E. Fairmont Ave., (MD) .Sept. 7 

Money Connected to Drug Deals, $91,960. (MO) .April 6 














































N. L. B. 


January 1991 — December 1991 - Page 3 


Month Page 


Trafficking to Support Property, Parcels of Land, (MA).July 7 

Used Car Dealership, South Side Finance, (IL) .Nov. 8 

Importation 

Government Witnesses More Credible, Davis, (PR) .June 4 

Suspect Claims He Did Not Know of Illegal Content, Lara-Velasquez, (TX) .. Sept. 4 
Informant 

Failure to Produce Confidential Informant, Martinez, (RI) .Nov. 5 

Identity — Defendant May be Barred from Hearing , Singh, (TX) .Oct. 6 

Sale of Methamphetamine — Controlled Buy, Tate, (TX) .Oct. 6 

Sting Operations on Drug Trafficking — Identity, Ramos, (MA) .Nov. 4 

Tip Leads to Arrest, Britton, (TX) .May 8 

Intent to Buy 

Money Never Changed Hands — No Conviction, Richardson, (TX) .April 5 

Restitution — Excessive Fines, Hardy, (DC) .May 5 

Use of Uncharged Sale, Henry, (NY) .July 5 

Investigative Stop 

Crack Discovered During Pat Down, Evans, (IN) .Nov. 6 

Investigative Stop for Traffic Violations — Search Upheld, Santiago, (MA) .. Dec. 7 

Jurisdiction 

Stateless Vessels, Maynard, (PR) . April 8 

Plain View 

Constructive Possession — Marijuana in Car, Nowden, (AR) .May 2 

PCP Seen in Plain View, Hippier, (MD) .Feb. 5 

Use of Flashlight, Faulkner, (OR) .Sept. 8 

Possession 

Attempt to Sell to Undercover Officer, Ortiz, (NY).Nov. 2 

Close Proximity to Narcotics, Riddick, (NY) .Feb. 4 

Close Proximity to Narcotics — Sale, Darrell, (NY) .Feb. 8 

Conspiracy — Witness Expertise, Cook, (MD) .May 4 

Control of Truck — Proximity to Drugs, Christopher, (LA). April 2 

Conviction Vacated — Upheld for Sale of Drugs, Smith, (FL).March 3 

Driver Not Owner—No Standing to Contest Search, Robinson, (MN) .June 7 

Evidence Sufficiency — Officer's Testimony, Duckworth, (MO) .July 2 

Fresh Needle Marks — Syringe in Sink, Lavigne, (TX) . Jan. 4 

Intent to Distribute — PCP Seen in Plain View, Hippier, (MD) .Feb. 5 

Intent to Distribute — Drugs in Wife’s Car, Newberry, (LA).July 2 

Judgment of Delinquency, Benjamin, (CT) .May 3 

Knowledge and Control — Pot in Trunk, Sanchez-Mata, (CA) .Nov. 3 

Minimum Weight Requirements for Contraband. Goldsmith, (SC) .March 3 

Nonexpert Tests Cocaine — Suspect’s Admission of Guilt. Ortiz, (IL).Feb. 4 

Only Person with Key to Motel Room Guilty, Sumlin, (MO). Jan. 3 

Packaging of Drugs in Pocket — Intent to Distribute. Pickett, (NJ).Feb. 6 

Paraphernalia Could be Owned by Anyone. Brunori, (CT).May 3 

Paraphernalia Found in Car—Driver Guilty, Ingleright, (MO). Jan. 4 

Passenger Dropped Cocaine Out of Car, Lewis, (LA).June 4 

Sale of Drugs in Parking Lot, Davis, (LA) . Jan. 2 

Small Amount of Cocaine Enough for Conviction, Manuel, (TX) . Jan. 3 

Stop for Traffic Violation, Hines, (NY) . Jan. 2 

Suitcase on Airplane — Owner Voluntarily Confesses, Lawrence, (PR).Feb. 8 

Variance as to Dates of Receipt Immaterial, Auerbach, (IN) .June 3 

Weight Specifications — Substance or Mixture, Lisboy, (PA). Jan. 5 

Wife Claims Drugs in Home are Husband’s, Sabree, (CA).April 2 

Probable Cause 

Cash Seized at Airport — Forfeiture, $144,600 U.S. Currency, (FL).Dec. 6 

Detention of Baggage in Airport, Grant. (GA) .May 6 

Warrant — Probable Cause Existed — Evidence Sufficient, Carter, (OR) .... July 5 



















































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Page 4 - January 1991 — December 1991 N. L. B. 


i Month Page 

Conviction Upheld — Reversed for Possession of Drugs, Smith, (FL) .March 3 

Drugs Sold to Undercover Officer, Perry, (NY).Feb. 3 

Evidence Insufficient — Analysis of Seized Vials, Cooke, (NY).March 2 

Evidence of Aborted Drug Exchange, Camilo Montoya, (Rl) .Aug. 3 

Informant — Sale of Methamphetamine — Controlled Buy, Tate, (TX).Oct. 6 

Participation in Undercover Sale, Darrell, (NY).Feb. 8 

Sale of Drugs in Parking Lot, Davis, (LA) .Jan. 2 

Soap Substituted for Cocaine Rocks — Conviction Upheld, Grant, (TX) .Nov. 7 

Within 1,000 Feet of School, Pitts, (WA) .May 2 

Sentencing 

Distributor’s Liability for Drug-Induced Death, Ervin, (NJ).May 5 

Habitual Offender — Sentence Not Excessive, Mims, (LA).June 8 

Longer Sentence — Weight Includes Blotter Paper, Larsen, (WY) .Sept. 2 

Sentence Increase Based on Quantity Instead of Purity, Brown, (MO) .Sept. 2 

Weight of Blotter Paper Included with LSD Weight, Marshall, (IL) . Jan. 8 

Weight Specifications—Substance or Mixture. Lisboy, (PA).Jan. 5 

Stakeout 

Stop for Vehicle Violation Upheld, Hernandez, (TX) .Feb. 2 

Standing 

Driver Not Owner — No Standing to Contest Search, Robinson, (MN) .June 7 

Innocent Owner Defense—Forfeiture, 2511 E. Fairmont Ave., (MD) .Sept. 7 

Passenger of Car Which Was Searched, Thomas, (NY) .Sept. 6 

Surveillance 

Drug Transactions at Stash House, Arias, (CA) .Oct. 8 

Justified by Surveillance, Lyons, (NV).May 5 

Residency Established During Surveillance, Barkley, (GA).Dec. 4 

Trafficking 

Chain of Custody Challenged, Tatum, (GA) .June 8 

Cocaine Found on Business Premises, Nolton, (GA). Jan. 7 

Cocaine Found Under Seat in Truck, Chandler, (NC) .Aug. 8 

Forfeiture of Acquired Property, Parcels of Land, (M A).July 7 

Investigative Stop for Traffic Violations — Search Upheld, Santiago, (MA) .. Dec. 7 

Transport 

Knowledge of Drug — Unaware of Type or Quantity, Gomez, (GA) .March 5 

Undercover Operations 

Alibi Refuted by State, Lawson, (GA) .Dec. 8 

Conspiracy to Distribute, Davis, (OK) .Feb. 2 

Drugs Sold to Undercover Officer, Perry, (NY) .Feb. 3 

Participation in Undercover Sale. Darrell. (NY).Feb. 8 

Procuring Agent Defense, Thompson, (NY) .July 2 

Sting Operation — Undercover Officer in Drug Sale, Gonzalez, (FL).Oct. 2 

Warrant 

Neighbors Complain of Drug Sales — Search Upheld, Abeyta, (CO) .Nov. 7 

Persons Named in Warrant in Adjoining Room — Scope, Smith, (GA) .... March 8 

Probable Cause Existed — Evidence Sufficient, Carter, (OR) .July 5 

Warrantless Arrest 

Justified by Surveillance, Lyons, (NV) .May 5 

Protective Sweep — Surveillance Provides Probable Cause, Hoyos, (CA) _Jan. 6 

Warrantless Entry 

Knock and Announce — Inevitable Discovery, Hildago, (MA).July 3 

Warrantless Search 

Drug Sniff Tests of Baggage, Villanueva, (NM) 


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