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ittissionarn tDork at our own EJaors.
Having occasion recently to visit a parish, in another dio-
cese, not far from this city, we heard at one time, incidentally,
of two cases which illustrate forcibly the lamentable ignorance
and neglect of religious privileges which everywhere prevail.
The one was the case of a young man, whom the Rector’s
wife was, with careful kindness, teaching to read. He was
entirely ignorant of the first principles of religious truth, was
habitually profane, and had never even heard that there was a
Lord’s Prayer , much less learned it and come to use it in the
spirit of prayer and supplication. In his frequent visits he
was taught to read, and gradually led on, until he was
instructed in the truth, and not only a regular attendant at
church, but of his own accord, desirous of being baptized and
admitted to the other privileges of the Christian Church.
The other was an aged man, of sixty-eight years, who in
early life had been confirmed in England, and yet had not
been in church for forty years , until sought out and kindly
led thither by the Rector’s care and love. He, too, was care-
less, ignorant, and needed much of instruction and guidance,
to rouse his slumbering conscience and direct his feet into the
way of peace. This is but one of many instances, in which
Missionary Spirit and Prayer.
the children of the Mother Church, are here left as sheep with-
out a shepherd, to wander on in darkness and in sin.
Now if two such cases can he found in a Christian neighbor-
hood, what must be the frightful ignorance and destitution in
our new settlements, where there are no schools or churches,
and the inhabitants are left to indifference and irreligion, if
not to vice and infidelity ? What a motive is there here for
earnest missionary efforts, “ to them that are far off, and to
them that are nigh.” In every city and place just such cases
of ignorance may he found, if Christian kindness will seek them
out and li care for their souls.” And oh, what mighty multi-
tudes, in our land of Christian light, are going down to death,
not knowing whether there he any Lord’s Prayer, or Holy
Ghost, or loving Saviour, or righteous God, or heaven or hell !
Would that the daily use of the Lord’s Prayer, by Christian
hearts, might he made more of a high reality, in warm desire,
strong faith, patient love, and earnest effort for the salvation of
the souls of men ! Oh, that in all our neighborhoods we may
have just such kind and pious efforts, with the same happy issue
and results ! This is the true missionary spirit, and mission-
ary work, in every sphere, small or large, at home or abroad,
in the city or the country, in our own land, and even to the
end of the world.
iHissionarg Spirit anb Jhrajm*.
“ Church membership is at the root of the whole. 1 Un-
real,’ said Thomas Whytehead, ‘ is all union of hearts, that
are not knit together in the bonds of the mystical body.’ And
in terms somewhat reversed, wc may add, Unreal is all pro-
fession of Christianity, which unites not men in the spread of
the Gospel of Christ. Interest in Missions is of* its very es-
sence, and is a genuine interpretation of the baptismal vow.
Personal work and alms bestowed on the cause of Missions,
are sanctified by daily prayer for their success. I dare not
A Liberal Giver.
propose anything short of daily prayer for the promotion of a
cause which lies so near the heart of the compassionate Jesus ;
occasional or temporary prayer would he altogether inadequate.
A Christian should surely, once in the day, as a general rule,
breathe into the earlier part of the Lord’s prayer a missionary
intention : and he could not do it in terms more simple and
comprehensive than those which the catechism had taught him
in his youth : ‘ I desire my Lord God, our Heavenly Father,
who is the giver of all goodness, to send his grace unto me and
to all people, that we may worship Him, serve Him, and obey
Him, as we ought to do.’ One who possessed as much of his
Master’s spirit as most men of this generation, the late Rev.
Edward Bickersteth, in his book of ‘ Family Prayer for Six
Weeks,’ has embodied a petition for Missions, in some shape
or other, in every prayer, both morning and evening.” — Colo-
nial Church Chronicle for May , 1859, p. 180.
& £iberal (Burn*.
“ How is it, Betty,” said a minister to a poor woman in
Wales, who was always observed to contribute something when-
ever a collection was taken — “ how is it I always see you drop
something on the plate ? Where do you get it ?”
“ Oh, sir, I do not know,” she replied ; “ the Lord knows
my heart and good-will to His cause, and, somehow or other,
when a collection is to be made, I am sure to have my penny
before me ; and when it comes I put it in the plate.”
“ Well,” said he, “ you have been faithful in a little, take
this, and do what you will with it.”
“ Five dollars, sir !” said she ; “ I never had so much money
in my life ; what shall I do with it ?”
“ I dare say you will find means of spending it,” said he,
“ if your heart is devoted to the Lord’s cause.”
Soon after this a man came round to solicit subscriptions for
some benevolent object; he went to one person, who gave him
Moral Discipline of Giving.
three dollars, and another who gave him one, both of which
were regarded as very liberal donations. Happening to come
to this poor woman, he asked her what she would do.
“ Put my name down for five dollars.”
“ Fi^e dollars !” said he, “ why, where did you get it from ?”
“ Oh, sir,” said she, “ I got it honestly, put my name
She gave him the money ; and in about two weeks from this
time, she received a letter, informing her that a friend had just
left her five hundred dollars.
How often do we see fulfilled that Scripture, “There is that
scattereth, and yet increaseth ; and there is that withholdeth
more than is meet, but it tendeth to poverty.” Prov. xi. 24.
“ Largely thou givest, gracious Lord ,
Largely thy gifts should be restored.
Freely thou giVest ; and thy word
Is — ‘ Freely give
He only who forgets to hoard,
Has learned to live.”
litoral Eliscipline of 0ioing.
“ But rather give alms of such things as ye have, and behold all things are clean
unto you.'' — Luke xi. 41.
(From a sermon by Rev. G-eo. Shephard, D. D.)
We see how important it is, that one have at the bottom and
the beginning, right principle. It is a grand regulator. One
right principle at the head and fountain of conduct, puts and
keeps everything in the region of it, and resulting therefrom,
right also. And a principle like the one we have now stated,
thus generic and summary in the prevention of evil, and the
production of good, has herein a proof that it is right, and is
of Grod. Just see what it does. This one word, givihg, car-
ried through on this principle, succeeds to blot out those other
traitorous and engulfing words — will to be rich — among the
Moral Discipline of Giving.
most tainting and deadly in all the human vocabulary.
Planted here, doing this, no taint shall ever touch you ; no ill-
gotten gain shall ever sear your conscience or burn your palm.
The clustering graces of holiness, the rather, will gather around
and adorn your character. All that is given will go with free-
ness and joy ; and the result, the amount imparted, shall stand
in the end as a noble monument, not of merit, but of grace
— the soul’s treasure passed over, laid up on the other side, its
own inalienable possession, the glory and wealth of its immor-
Not only shall you be blest in your character and deed, but
those connected with and dependent upon you shall be blest
through you as your intent and prosperous hoarding never
could have blessed them. Hence, in another sense, all things
are clean unto you. By this standard and course of benefi-
cence, by this example of piety, by the prayers which go up
from a heart thus pervaded and consecrated, by such large out-
goes of charity as shall keep down the hope of inherited wealth
in those coming after, you help form an atmosphere of purity
for children to breathe and grow up in. The property which,
fast held, and to the last skilfully rolled up, would have been
a snare to them, an omnipresent temptation, as it commonly
is — have taken away their manly strength and salient aspira-
tion, and achieving enterprise, as it commonly does — dooming
them, and passing them, with rare exceptions, to the shades
of insignificance and blank nothingness in creation, as is most
obtrusively and painfully the case — this property, dealt with and
* disbursed on the other principle, is charged with no such perils
— is changed wholly to another, a vital element and issue. The
carnal and corrupting given, the spiritual is received ; and so
the treasures of your home become vastly greater, and richer.
The crowning good is that all is clean ; your hands clean :
your reputation clean ; your soul, through grace, clean; your
children, through the same grace, clean ; all these clean to
310 Moral Discipline of Giving.
Is it not an astounding fact, when there is so much created
in order to he given, and so many professed servants, new cre-
ated of G-od who hold it, and are hound to give it — the oath
of consecration most solemnly upon them — a world needing it,
the world all thrown open to receive it or the Gospel it might
send — its millions upon millions brought into vicinage,
and we may come directly to them, and impress them, and
mould them, and put them in the way to heaven ; and yet it
is a fact that the Church fails most frequently and decisively
in meeting the cost ; as though she could not afford to feet her
dollars against the redemption of these souls. I fear she hardly
puts down annually a dime against a soul. The men to go
are oftener on hand ; it is the money that lags.
It does seem often as though the worst, the most cruel form
of selfishness is this which links itself with religion and reli-
gious people. Oh ! this selfishness of the new man ; this
Christian worldliness ; this baptized carnality ; this holy greed
of gain'; what a demoniac heart thou hast. Accursed shape !
hellish thing ! away from our temples and our hearts ! Let
the Master come, if he must, with his scourge of cords, and
drive him out of our temples and our hearts; and himself pos-
sess us, and fill us with his own good spirit.
But the blessed Master has another and a better way to
purge out the evil, and take the possession, namely, by his
truth and grace. This is the doctrine of the text and of all
his Gospel. The Christian character is benevolence — the
spirit of sacrifice and of work for a lost world. A missionary
spirit is the measure of it ; a giving spirit, at once the meas-
ure and the promoter of it.
Giving, then, is one of the means of grace — one of the best
means of spiritual growth. If no good externally is done by
the gifts, the charities, still a vital and immeasurable good is
done to the giving soul — enough, and vastly more than enough,
to justify the deed. The sordid taunt so often thrown, “ Why
all this waste ?” — it comes of the sordidness that is equal to the
sale of the Lord himself — the thirty pieces in the pocket bet-
Moral Discipline of Giving.
ter than He. I repeat, if no outer good is done, there is no
waste ; no matter what the amount given, be it only enough ;
if done with the Christian motive, then the character is set
forward, and the Church is brought up higher and nearer to
the millenial state. The Church must pass through the work
and the sacrifice of establishing the millenium abroad, in order
to make one in her own pale. Those final words of her Lord,
then, which lay upon her this amazing responsibility, Gro preach
the Grospel — evangelize all nations ; — are to her an untold heri-
tage of blessings and of blessedness. They embody the cor-
rective and expulsion of her deadliest foes ; they are to her
the necessary means of the victory, and the kingdom and the
crown ; I mean on this ground of attainment — personal, sepa-
rate fitness, reached by the culture and through the conflict of
beneficent giving and doing. The question before us is, Will
we meet these conditions, and have the millenium at home ;
the kingdom within us — not forgetting the one condition our
Lord so magnificently marks — giving alms of such things as
we have ?
To very many, this, as a means of grace — of spiritual ad-
vance ; stands in the first plate, and is indispensable; stands
in a sense even before prayer — they being ahead in prayer,
behind in giving. To all those, then, who have given leanly
and grudgingly, we say, Arise and give — give bountifully —
give heartily — give wilfully — just because something within
resists, and says, I won’t. Grive the more and still more, from
the very teeth and grip of the old retaining passion. Grive
with the measure and intent to crucify it; — that hundred, the
nail; that thousand, the spike ; that ten thousand, the spear;
and so proceed and persist till the base and slimy thing is
And in our dealings with others — the minister in his appeals
to his people — must come to them with some authority, with
a worthy object and with a sizable claim. A small matter will
not do the business with men ; take them as they rise. The
hearts of the majority are so snugly shut up — the orifice not
312 Moral Discipline of Giving.
unfrequently al] tight and twisted and gnarled — if you would
come upon it with any likelihood, it must be, not merely with
a sharp tool, but with some bulk and weight ; pry at it with
a massive lever — some little local appeal will not make a pas-
sage. The field is the world — the instrument also. Then
make the big world into a wedge, and drive that in, and so you
shall succeed, and they and the world shall be the better
Giving — doing — sacrificing, on the right scale, is not only
the means of grace to ourselves ; it is the secret of power in
what we do for the needy or perishing. Money so given that
it does us good in the giving, does, we believe, vastly more
good in its going forth. It takes, so to speak, an embalming
and vitalizing from the heart it leaves, which gives it, or the
truth it commissions, an imbedding in the hearts it goes to.
A thorough victory over selfishness, achieved and shown on the
part of Christians and the Church, becomes the miracle of the
Gospel — its moral sign, which opens a path for it to the souls
of skeptical or idolatrous men. What economy appears in the
arrangement of means, and what responsibility it imposes, that
our condition of power toward the world is simply that the
Gospel, by our whole reception of it, has become a power upon
ns ; first, a power upon us, then a power within, and a power
emanant. The Gospel living in us, and working out, is its
own witness. In this condition, we need spend no time in
preliminaries, none in philosophizing or proving. Filled full
of it ourselves, that is the argument — and overflowing, that
the argument — and giving bountifully, and intently working
for the good of others, that the argument. So was it with the
Apostle Paul. Mighty as he was in the tread of his logic when
he chose, in the main he was his own argument ; — moved over
lands and seas, himself a colossal demonstration. The same
with the Christians then ; their character ; the reing of love
throughout ; their total conquest of selfishness — no man call-
ing anything he possessed his own — that their argument.
What they did, history tells us, and we shall repeat the achieve-
ment, when we repeat the character, and not till then. .Our
first responsibility is to be what we ought to be, and what we
may be. The path is all open to the attainment — the Divine
Helper open to our access ; to Him let us come, with hearts
open and longing to receive the replenishments of good which
shall eject the evjl — those enrichments of grace, those treas-
ured gifts of salvation, that repletion of the love divine which
shall make us ready, eager even, for a work or sacrifice fitted
to advance the kingdom and the glory of the Master.
From the third anniversary sermon of Rev. W. H. Hill, in
Grace Church, Sacramento, California, on Sunday, May 1st,
1859, from St. Luke xvii. 10 : “ So likewise ye, when ye
shall have done all those things which are commanded you,
say, We are unprofitable servants, we have done that which
it was our duty to do.”
Besides much of plain and earnest counsel, we commend
the following to our readers, as to contributions for other than
parish purposes :
I have but few words to say in relation to these outside benevolent con-
tributions. Some may think I call upon you for them too often. They
greatly mistake who thus suppose. The law of the Kingdom of Grace is
the reverse of that of the world. On every Christian temple, as well as
on every Christian heart, should be inscribed these words of truth and
soberness : “ It is more blessed to give than to receive “ He that
giveth to the poor shall not lack or these : “ He that hath pity upon the
poor lendeth unto the Lord; and look, what he layeth out, it shall be paid
him again.” I do you, then, a favor, by giving you these opportunities.
You are investing money that will pay you back a glorious interest. Who
will tell me, this day, that he or this Church is any the poorer for the con-
tribution of the sums I have just named ? Not one ; nor could it be said
if the amounts had been quadrupled. I not only believe God’s words in
the abstract, but also in their particular application. I have watched this
subject closely, and have always found that those parishes which con-
tributed the most liberally and conscientiously to missions and other
benevolent objects, where, from the very necessities of the case, the gifts
must be disinterested, have always been, and are now, the most prosper-
ous and able in their temporal concerns, to say nothing of spiritual growth;
while those which have been miserly and niggardly in their contributions,
forever taking refuge in the proverbial saying that “ charity begins at
home,” have always been, are now, and I believe always will be, half-
starved, poor parishes, ever struggling against difficulties, unable- to meet
their necessary current expenses, without a blessing, temporal or spiritual,
from Him from whom comes every good and perfect gift. Such are the
teachings of fact, as well as of the Word of God, and it is because I wish
you to be prosperous and to grow in grace and strength from day to day
and year to year, as well as because it is your duty, that I spare you not
in these opportunities to demonstrate how much of love to God and charity
toward your fellows is in your hearts. I crave your thanks, therefore,
rather than your censure and complaints.
Sheboygan and Plymouth — Rev. J. B. Pradt.
Considerations connected in part with my health, induce me, with the
approbation of my Bishop, to desist, for a time, from the regular offices
of the Ministry, and I, therefore, reluctantly resign my appointment as
Missionary of the Domestic Committee of the Board of Missions, to take
effect from and after the middle of the present quarter , i. e. May 15. It
would have given me much pleasure to have continued in the service of
the Committee until at least the close of the half year (July 1); but cir-
cumstances render it proper for me to desist from my Mission as early as
at the time indicated.
It may be proper for me to add that, since my appointment by the Com-
mittee, as well as for some time previously, I have given, usually, two
services each Sunday, in Plymouth, and a third service at Sheboygan,
fourteen miles distant. On three Sundays, I have given my second
service in Lima, a township lying somewhat off from my usual route from
Plymouth to Sheboygan. These visits have awakened some interest in
our services. I have also made two visits (the first in October last) to
Sparta, a pleasant and promising town, far to the west of me. At my
second visit, I was much pleased to find several persons desirous of con-
firmation, and that an excellent impression in favor of the Church had
been produced by recent visits from Bishop Kemper and the Rev. Mr.
Durlin, the Missionary at La Crosse.
We were favored with a visit from our good Bishop about a month
since, when four persons were confirmed at Plymouth, and one at Sheboy-
gan. Two adults and three children have been baptized at the former
station since my appointment, and one child at the latter place ; and on
Sunday next I expect to baptize several children in each parish.
Through the exertions of a few ladies the Sunday-school, at Sheboygan,
has very largely increased.
I do not know that I have more to add, except to acknowledge the many
benefactions, from known or unknown friends, to the parish at Plymouth,
and to commend it to the further fostering care of the Committee.
Leavenworth City — Rev. Hiram Stone.
The last few months have been an eventful period in the history of
Kansas. The excitement after gold has led thousands from almost every
part of our country, to embark as adventurers to a wild and almost unin-
habited region, lying several hundred miles beyond the outposts of civili-
zation. This, of course has had its influence upon the social, moral, and
religious condition of the territory, and particularly upon its principal
towns, of which ours is the first in importance. Leavenworth has
experienced, thus far, a fapidity of growth which, from its earliest incep-
tion, has been wholly unparalleled in the history of our nation. Yet, as
a necessary consequence, the interests of religion do not advance in any-
thing of an equal ratio with the increase of people. The proportion of
foreign population, compared with native born citizens, is fearfully im-
And now to show what influences religion has to contend against, we
will cite one instance of recent occurrence :
Moved by a spirit of insubordination, a large number of citizens peti-
tioned the City Council for a relaxation of the present stringency of the
Sunday law, at the same time asking the privilege of keeping open stores,
saloons, &c., on that day. After considerable hesitation, the Council so
far acceded to the petition as to allow the matter to be settled by a vote of
the people, and Monday, the 28th of March, was accordingly fixed upon
as the day for deciding. The day proved exceedingly inclement, and con-
sequently considerably diminished the number of votes. Tickets were
printed and freely distributed on both sides. These bore their respective
inscriptions — “ Sunday Law” — “No Sunday Law” — and upon this
strange issue more than 1,000 votes were cast ; of these, 1,000 citizens
voted for the proper observance of the Lord’s day, and 600 against it.
This statement will serve to inform the Church concerning the state of
affairs among us, and also advise all the friends of our cause not to expect
too much of those who labor in the pioneer field.
Besides this fearful array of vice and irreligion, the Protestant force is
here, as elsewhere, far from being a unit in point of mutual co-operation.
Society, by gradual process, is becoming regulated according to the
principles of religion and virtue ; and the Church, though weak and in
her infancy, is making her influence felt. Yet we must look for her
permanent establishment and healthy prosperity to the time when the
excitement of gold and speculation has given place to a state of affairs
more abiding and substantial. And when the public mind has become
somewhat unbent from its present tension after these worldly objects,
people will, doubtless, begin to think more seriously upon things which
are spiritual and eternal. Our only course, therefore, is to bide the time
with patient labor and earnest watchfulness, assured that in due time the
cause of God will prevail.
Fort Vancouver — Rev. J. McCarty , D. D.
W ith the increase of the garrison at this ]^>st, from one to six com-
panies, my field of usefulness has become more important. The Sunday
morning congregations, made up of the garrison, with a small number
of persons in the employ of the Hudson Bay Company, has been larger
during the last few months than heretofore. I generally visit the quarters
of one of the companies an evening of* every week, deliver an address,
and commonly conclude with prayer. In addition to other visits to the
hospital, as occasion may require, I go there every Saturday evening,
deliver a brief discourse, and have prayer. I have commenced a Friday
evening service and lecture in the chapel of the post, for the season of
Lent. The Sunday evening congregation in the village has been large for
the place, generally filling the school-house — our place of worship. The
Sunday-school is still kept up, but the number of scholars is small, and
their attendance irregular.
I have visited and officiated a Sunday, both in the morning and even-
ing, at the following places — Astoria, St. Helen’s, The Dalles, and Oregon
City; besides, I have divided the services of a Sunday between Milwaukie
and Oswego. Such are the arrangements of the boats on the Columbia
and Willamett, that I have been obliged to spend from three to six days
in making each one of these visits. As the congregation and prospects
of the Church in Oregon City are improving, it is very important we
should have a Missionary stationed there.
Minnesota — Illinois .
St. Cloud — Rev. Dudley Chase.
During the winter past I have continued to officiate, with but few
interruptions, notwithstanding the severity of the weather ; but I cannot
say that, during that period, I had much to encourage me. This spring,
however, our evening service at St. Cloud has been attended by a more
numerous congregation than is found in any other house of worship in
the place. My visits to Sauk Rapids have been very much interrupted by
the insecure state of die ice and the breaking up of the river.
I visited and preached at Clearwater, a village twelve miles below.
Last Sunday I crossed the river in a skiff, to officiate at Sauk Rapids ;
but I found the whole population of able-bodied men scattered pver the
hills, contending with the prairie fires. As I looked over the river, I saw
the long line of fire bearing down upon our little church, and it was with
great difficulty saved by those skilled in u setting back fires.” The judges
and justices had laid aside black cloth, and were hard at work in the dress
of firemen to save their homes. “ Saved ! yet though as by fire.”
I had the pleasure of meeting our venerable Missionary Bishop, who
will visit us on his returi^from the Indian Mission, and will confirm.
. Our ladies have been active in organizing a sewing society, and have
already secured a small sum. I have secured a lot for a parsonage.
We have lost a few valuable members ; and a few families are coming
in. We hope for better times. I can only say that I have labored in
hope and prayer for a blessing.
Wilmington — Rev. C. B. Stout.
Tee first six months having expired since my appointment as Mission-
ary at Manhattan and Wilmington, I would report as follows :
Stated services have been regularly held in the two parishes under my
charge every alternate Lord’s day. The journey of fifteen miles, much of
it over an open prairie, during the winter months, has been often fearful,
and sometimes positively dangerous ; but, under the protection of a good
Providence, I have been saved from any serious accidents.
During the season of Lent, services were sustained in this parish
Wednesdays and Fridays, and every day in Passion Week, with encoura-
ging success. n
The Western Missionary has a life of constant toil, incessant labor, and
wearisome anxiety. Calls are made on his time in attending funerals in
the country for miles around, not unfrequently when the roads are almost
impassable. He must go out and search for “ Christ’s sheep that are
scattered abroad,” inducing the living to attend on the means of grace,
and perform the last rites for the dead. On one occasion, to meet a call
of this kind, your Missionary made a journey of fifty miles, in February,
when the travelling was exceedingly hazardous, preaching twice, and
performing full services both at the funeral and at another place where an
appointment had been made.
On the 21st of May, we were gratified with a visitation from our Bishop,
when seven new disciples were confirmed ; two others were necessarily
absent much to my regret. These all are expected to join the Communion
on Whit-S unday. The Bishop’s appointment for Manhattan had to be
withdrawn for the . present, owing to one of those unavoidable delays
v/hich will sometimes occur, even after every precaution had been taken
to guard against a failure.
The results of the past year are gratifying ; both my parishes are yet
in the first years of infancy. Baptisms at Manhattan — 3 adults and 4
children ; confirmed, 5 ; one candidate confirmed elsewhere — total, 6.
At Wilmington — baptisms, 3 adults and 13 children; confirmed at two
visitations, 11 — total in both parishes within fovelve months, 17 children
baptized and 6 adults ; confirmed, *17 ; while more than 20 have been
added to the communion.
The pecuniary embarrassments of our Western people have indeed
borne heavily on the Church, and those who are called to do the work of
the Church. We look forward to better times. The prospects of a good
harvest the present year are encouraging, and we pray for a large in-
gathering of souls into the garner of the Lord !
S an Augustine — Rev. J. Owen.
In t the month of March, it„was my misfortune to lose my house and
premises by fire, but my parishioners have been very kind in aiding to
repair my loss. I had just made a purchase of the property on credit, for
which the la3t payment is to'be made on the 1st of next January. You
have heard the result of our proceedings in the election of the Rev. Mr.
Gregg, of South Carolina. I trust he will accept and be a great blessing
to the Church in this Diocese. The work here may be slow, but it must
be sure, with the gracious aid of Him who giveth the increase. I have
nothing particular to add, except that the mule that I rode nearly 200
miles, to the convention, became so obstinate on his return that 1 had to
trade him away for a horse, give $75 in addition, and as I was among
Iowa — Florida.
total strangers, leave my gold watch as security for the payment of the
same, otherwise I could not reach home. The work of a pioneer in this
country is by no means easy or profitable ; but it is an honor to be allowed
to do or suffer anything in so good a cause.
Fort Dodge — Rev. T. B. Fairchild.
Herewith I send you my report one month in advance of time. My
reason for this is, that I have accepted a unanimous and pressing call to
return to my old parish in Ohio. 1 leave the station in a state much more
inviting than I found it, a church nearly completed, and so far free from
embarrassment, except for the means to complete it. It is needless for
me to show the reasons for my resignation ; but it may be proper to say
that it is for no reason connected with the prosperity of the parish, but as
a simple matter of duty to the Church to keep an important field from
running to waste.
I have been in the service of your Board one year and five months, at a
great sacrifice of comfort aftid health, but not, I trust, without some fruit
for my labor. I hereby tender you my resignation of this station, to take
effect at the close of this month.
Fernandino — Rev. James 11. Williams.
At your suggestion, here are the chief points in brief of the planting
of the Church and its success, in Fernandino, Florida. Amelia Island is
a sand bank, about 16 miles long and 2 broad, from which the ocean
retired not long since, judging from appearances ; it is dotted liberally
with marshes, and has a few farms, some pine trees, an indefinite amount
of ground, palmetto which bids defiance to fire and water, spade, shovel,
axe, and hoe, to exterminate it.
In days not remote, an old Spaniard owned a farm at the northwest
end of this island ; his name was Fernandez. He died and was buried
under a bending live oak (hung mournfully with drooping mos§) which
stood about the centre of his farm ; and this grave of old farmer Fernan-
dez is now the centre of Fernandino. Four new Missionary stations
around it have sprung up within three years ; over a hundred houses,
tenanted by upward of a thousand people, mostly from the Carolinas and
The railroad projected to run across the north end of Florida, from the
ocean to the Gulf of Mexico, gave the first impulse to Fernandino, and
keeps it up ; it starts from here, and over half the rail is laid down ; four
steamboats, going north and south, touch here every week, in connection
with the train. These railroad and steamboat advantages, and their
f eographical position, together with the fact of their having a good deep
arbor, and eighteen feet of water on the bar generally, sometimes more,
have impressed the Fernandinians with the firm conviction that this place
is to become a great city in a short time. I am not judge enough of such
matters to hazard an opinion of my own on the subject. The surface of
the country is a dead level ; but the woods are green all the year, and the
air is pure, very pure. Meat has been known to keep three weeks in
summer, hanging under the shade of a tree. Men are rarely, if ever, sun-
struck, and dogs do not go mad. Living is high, and pestiferous insects
are abundant. The climate of Fernandino is, on the whole, healthy and
pleasant, but not for lung , liver , or throat complaints. So far as my
observation goes, these require the dry, even temperature of the interior,
the “ Pine Barrens,” where, unfortunately, you can get little fit to eat.
Five months ago there was no place of worship in Fernandino. The
Railroad Company offered a lot to each body of Christians. The few
Church people here, when this offer was made, consulted together, and
chose a lot, for which they pay $16 a year until they can pay $200 in full
On the 14th of June, 1858, a meeting was held, and the parish of St.
Peter’s, Fernandino, organized. Four days afterward, the Vestry of
St. Peter’s met again, and appointed a Building Committee, limited to
$15,000, to take measures to erect a small chapel, and procure a Pastor,
and recommend some mode of supporting the same. This Committee,
with the consent, of the Vestry, called Rev. James Henry Williams, and
put up a building, at a cost of $2,200. The corner stone of St. Peter’s
was laid November 8th, 1858, by Rt. Rev. Francis H. Rutledge, D. D.,
Bishop of Florida, and the first service was held in the church (though
still unfinished) on fourth Sunday after Epiphany, January 30th, 1859,
the building not being ready to occupy before.
Since then, regular services have been held every Sunday, except two,
when I preached at the Bishop’s request, at St. Augustine, Rev. Mr.
Thackara, rector there, being absent on business for the Diocese.
Coming down the river St. John’s, I stopped at Green Cove Springs,
and held' service — ten or so present.
During Lent, we had full service and sermon on Wednesdays and
Fridays, and every day in Passion Week, and on Easter Monday. On
Easter Tuesday J found myself unable to officiate.
Ten Days in the West.
®en tBags in ilje iDcet.
We have just returned from a short sojourn in the West, having visited
Utica, Buffalo, Detroit, Chicago, Mihvaukie, Nashotah, Madison, and
Janesville. We spent Whitsunday, June 12, in Buffalo, preaching in St.
Paul’s, Trinity, and St. Luke’s. We were, on Trinity Sunday, in Chicago,
preaching in St. James’ and Grace churches. In the intervening week we
had the pleasure of visiting Nashotah, during the examinations and meet-
ing of the trustees. We never saw this cherished institution look more
beautiful or more promising, and never were its trustees and faculty more
cheerful and hopeful. Their simple faith in God has not failed them, and*
the large number of students, now in all over fifty, and the flourishing con-
dition of the preparatory school at Delafield, under the energetic care of
Rev. Messrs. De Koven and Hodges ; — with growing means supplied as
wants and numbers grow, all attest the care and goodness of a kind Provi-
dence. We heard, at the evening service, the sweet notes of an organ,
recently presented by a lady of New-York, whose interest in the institu-
tion is as untiring as her benefactions are constant and fiberal. The great
want now for Nashotah is a new chapel, to replace the worn-out and de-
cayed chapel, which is neither safe nor comfortable, in the rain or in the
sunshine. We know no better work which any liberal churchman with
large means could do, than to build at once this new chapel, and thus open
a fountain of blessing for all time, in this honored school of the prophet*.
About $20,000 should be thus expended. Who will have the privilege and
the* honor 1
We met, during our journey, Bishops Kemper, McCoskry, and Up-
fold, besides many of the clergy, and had ample opportunity for pleas-
ant and profitable conference as to our missionary work. Never was
the field more white, the harvest more abundant. From the depressed
state of things in all the West — the depreciation of real estate, the want
of ready money, the stagnation of business, and the failure of the crops,
for two or three years past — the pressure is painful and severe upon all
classes, but especially its crushing weight must fall most heavily upon the
poor missionaries and the parochial clergy. With the ability of their
people so greatly crippled, they must rely more on their scanty mission-
ary stipends, which should not only be paid promptly but increased ; or the
faithful laborers will be left to Suffer, and all the interests of the Church to'
suffer with then*. We w r ere glad to find the prospects of a good crop, in
most places, promising, notwithstanding the fears and forebodings, from
the recent frosts. Never did the petition in the Litany, “ that it may please
Thee to give and preserve to our use the kindly fruits of the earth, so that
in due time w’e may enjoy them,” seem to be more of a necessity and real-
ity than now. May all the members of the Church so use and plead it,
“ that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need.” Let
earnest prayer, warm love, and lively faith, now open the hearts and hands
of all the members of the Church, with large and liberal supplies for our
work and wants. We never had more urgent need ; we never had more
cheering hopes. We only want the faith that works and waits, the love
that feels and gives. May the author and finisher of our faith r and the
God of Love and Peace, smile on our feeble efforts, and crown them with
l: Like Lebanon, in towering pride,
May all our forests smile,
And may our borders blossom wide.
Like Sharon’s fruitful soil.”
322 Appointments — Resignations.
Ql (Hail for (California.
A liberal member of the Church has offered Bishop Kip $250 as an out-
fit, and $250 a year, for three years, for any single man who will go to Cal-
ifornia, who is ready to go, and that soon. Petaluma and other points are
open and waiting. What young men are ready to go ?
In Michigan, Rev. Edward Magee, to Saginaw, from Jan-
uary 1. 1859.
In Iowa, Rev. X. A. Welton, to Story County, from June
In Texas, Rev. J. M. Groshorn, to Gronzales, from ^March
In Arkansas, Rev. W. E. Eppes, to Camden, from May 1st,
In California, Rev. Henry Smeathman, to Nevada and
Grass Valley, from , time to be filled by the Bishop.
In Illinois, Rev. W. L. Bostwick, to Cairo and Jonesboro’, from
April 1st, 1859.
In Iowa, Rev. T. B. Fairchild, of Fort Dodge, from July
In Wisconsin, Rev. J. B. Pradt, of Sheboygan, from May
In Florida, Rev. James H. Williams, of Fernandino, from
May 1st, 1859.
In Mississippi, Rev. J. S. Greene, of Monticellp, from May
They do not come in as well as we had hoped. Our friends
will bear to he reminded gently, that the year is fast wearing
away, that very many parishes have not yet remembered us,
and that our wants are both growing and pressing. We shall
need not less than the whole receipts of the preceding year, be-
sides completing the Relief Fund, to carry us through and leave
us without debt, at the end of the year. For this we need yet
.a large amount for our current funds and $1,400 for the Relief
Fund. Who will send it ?
The Treasurer of the Domestic Committee
acknowledges the receipt of the following
sums, from May 15th to June 15th, 1859.
Hagerstown -St. John’s Par.,
St. John’s Church
Prince Geo.'s Co. — St. Paul’s
, Par , 4
“ Upper Marlboro
IVtseasset — St. Philip’s.
Bennington— St. Peter's 5 15
Guilford Christ 5 00
Anonymous 2 00
Providence — St. John’s S. S.
Quarter’s Pledge for
Bishop Lee, Iowa 125 00
Pawtucket — St. Paul’s S. S.,
seven blasses 9 54
Middletown — Holy Cross... 3 75
Hamden — Grace $15 75
North-Haven — St. J ohn’s. ... 7 00
Portland — Trinity 20 00
Sharon — Christ 8 00
Hartford — St. John’s 72 25
Hebron — St. Peter’s — 5 00
New-Haven — Trinity 78 00
Norwich — Anonymous 2 00
Bedford — St. Matthew's, a
lady 2 00
Glenham — Free Church of St.
John Baptist 4 00
Little Beck — Zion, for Iowa,
$48 68; general, 5 40.... 54 08
Scarsdale — St. James’ the
Less 10 32
Queens Co. — Newtown, St.
James’ 10 00
Neiv - York — Grace, through
Rev. Dr. Taylor 600 00
“ St. Ann’s Church for
Deaf Mutes 2 50
St. John the Baptist, a
member 10 00
Catharine — St. John’s 7 00
Sherbourne — Christ 4 00
Amelia Co — Raleigh Par
Cornwall Par. Roanoke Ch.,
Charlestown — An aged per-
son for Episcopal Miss.
Greenville Co. — ChrLt Ch.
“ Green Spring Par., Wm.
Halifax Co. — Antrim Par. .
King Geo.' S Co. — St. John’s.
“ St. Paul’s, for Epis. Miss.
Mecklenberg Co. — St. Luke’s,
Powhattan-Co. — Genito Par.
“ Piedmont Par. Miss. Soc.
for Episcopal Miss. Ass.
Richmond — Monumental Ch.
a lady for Bishop Scott..
Roanoke — Mrs. Edw’d Watts,
through C. P. Tajloe
Will'msburgh— Bruton Par.,
$5 ; error in May, $5
Westover Par. — Per Dr.
“ Mrs. Dr. Wade
Fauquier Co.-— Leeds Church,
for Epis. Miss. Ass
Marietta — St. James’
Cincinnati — St. John’s S. S.
Collamer — By Rev. Thomas
Huron — Chrit.
Toledo — Trinity
Annandale — St. John’s.
Memphis — Grace, “H.”
South Amboy — St. Stephen's,
$105 ; for Relief Fund,
$50, Oneida Ind, Miss., 8
Lebanon — Christ
Mount Hope — Hope Church
New- London — St. John’s. . . .
Paradise — All Saint’s, Mrs.
Upper Merion — Swede’s Ch.
West Marlboro " — St. James’. .
rtdian River — St. George’s.
Marshall — Trinity, i,
Monroe — Trinity
Alexandria , Par. of Rapides
— St. James’ 40 CO
Bayou Goula— St. Mary’s.. 28 00
Thibodeaux — St. John’s". . .. 26 32
j West Feliciana — St. Mary’s 12 00 166 32
28 42 1 JHissouri.
I St. Louis— St. George’s S. S., ,
o for Ep. Miss. Ass 50 00
2 $ ' St. Joseph — Christ 6 00 56 00
Chicago — St James’ special
for Bishop Lee.'of Iowa.
Madison — Christ Ch. S. S.... 22 38
Richmond — A friend, per Rev.
Geo. Fiske 3 50
Portage — St. John’s Easter
©regon antr SiSSasfjingjon.
Portland — Trinity 100 00
Ft. Vancouver — For Missions
in Washington and Ore-
gon, per Rev. Dr. Mc-
Carty 44 00
Milwaukie — St. John’s, by
Bishop Scott 7 00
Olympia — Mrs. T 2 50
Sacramento — Grace $50 00
Grass Valley — Emanuel 4 40
Napa — St. John’s 6 00
Oakland — St. John’s 17 74
Stockton — St.John’s 12 00 90 14
Episcopal Miss. Association.. 1.6C0 CO
Md., Baltimore — Bequest of
Mrs. Ann Neilson, less
charges 242 98
Total from May 15th to June 15th. . $3,935 19
Amount previously acknowledged $40,078 42
Total since Oct. 1st $44,013 61
Correction. — $20 from St.John's. Louisville, in April No., was for Nebraska.
The following sums, in aid of Domestic Missions, have been contributed
through the Episcopal Missionary Association for the West, in Philadelphia, by
the following-named Churches and individuals, from May 2d to May 31st
1859, inclusive, viz. :
Rev. J. S. C. Greene...
Western New- York — Brock-
port. St. Paul's Sunday
School for Rev. C. O.
Townsend’s “ Orphan
Home,” Iowa City, Iowa.
New- Jersey — Trenton, St.
Paul's Sunday School.. .
Swedesboro, Trinity Church,
by Rev. M. Tullidge . . .
Newark, Trinity Church, by
St. Andrew's, $500; H.
G., contribution $5 ; Miss
II. Clay Lind, $2.50; Mrs.
Jas. L. Martin $2 50; C.
W.R., 1859, $3
Harrisburg, St. Stephen’s
Carbondale, Trinity Church.
Manayunk, St. David’s, thro’
Virginia — Richmond, Grace
Church, $10 ; St. James,
$20 ; Miss R. Parker, $5;
Fairfax Co., Friends in Theo-
Lancaster Co., Christ Church
Parish, $6 ; Sheplierds-
town, Trinity Chuich
Danville, Church of the Epi-
Middlesex Co., by Rev. J.
Carraway, $25 ; for Rev.
C. M» Callaway, $25
Hanover Co., St. Paul. Mrs C.
R. W., $1 ; W. F. W.,
$2 50 ; W. C. W., $5 ;
Miss L. W., $3
Botetourt Co., St. Maik's
Church, D. C
Buchanan, Trinity Church
Charlestown, an aged person,
Piedmont Parish Missionary
Association, D. C
Iowa — Council Bluffs, St.
Paul’s, D C
Nebraska — Omaha, Trinity
Total receipts $1,112 98
To which add balance on
hand, May 2d, 1839 697 35
Of which aggregate the Trea-
surer of the Domestic
Committee has receiv-
ed within the same pe-
riod 25 00
And there has also been sent
by the Treasurer of the
said Association, to Rev.
C.C. Townsend, of Iowa
City, Iowa, the special
contribution from S. S. of
St. Luke’s Ch., Brock-
port, W. N. Y., for “ Or-
phan Home,” at that
place, received May 8th,
1859, as above 5 00
Leaving to be received by
Treasurer, D. C., when
appropriated by said As-
Iprotesfant tfjisapal Cjntrcjf.
The remarkable dealings of God’s providence in the open-
ing of the Empire of China to the free ingress of missionaries
of the cross, have excited the liveliest feelings of interest in
the hearts of all Christian people. The strangeness of the
spectacle presented in the unsolicited proposition of the officials
of that Empire to the representative of our government, *to
allow the preachers of the religion of Jesus to go anywhere
in the prosecution of their labors, is one of the tokens by
which God’s hand is distinctly seen, and • from it and other
circumstances of like character, we gather the assurance that
a great work is now to be done for Christ in that land. The
most ample ground of encouragement is afforded to earnest
missionary effort in that direction— -nay, there is imposed a
weighty obligation to go forward in the fullest measure of
strength which we can command. The Foreign Committee
have felt the pressure of this obligation, and, in view of the
wonderful opportunity thus afforded, determined to reinforce
their mission in China, by sending forth at once ten additional
laborers. To meet the necessities of this instant enlarge-
ment, required special contributions to a large amount, and
these Bishop Boone was requested to solicit from the churphes.
Indeed, the two things, seeking for men and obtaining money
to send them, were two branches of labor undertaken by the
Bishop. To these must be added, also, another object under-
taken by him, with the approbation of the Committee, viz.,
obtaining funds for opening an Interior Station in some more
elevated region of the country, where the climate would be
better adapted to his own condition of health, and where a
retreat might be afforded for missionaries when in pursuit of
health, while, at the same time, the position would become a
missionary centre to regions around.
Very remarkable success has attended Bishop Boone’s labors
in behalf of these various objects ; and this we cannot hut
trace to the self-same hand whose excellent working is so dis-
tinctly seen in the preparation of the field of labor to which
his life is devoted. Many have offered themselves for the
work, and, of the various classes of laborers needed, nine have
-been appointed, who are now completing their arrangements
with a view to embarkation for China early in the present
month, in company with Bishop Boone. Their names are as
Mr. Henry M. Parker, of the Diocese of South Carolina.
“ Dudley D. Smith, “ Alabama.
u Henry Purdon, “ Pennsylvania.
“ Elliot H. Thomson, “ Virginia.
S. J. J. Sciierechewsky,
To he Ordained by Bishop Boone in New-York, on the
1th instant , at St. George's Church.
* Rev. Thomas S. Yocom, of the Diocese of Pennsylvania.
Mr. James T. Doyen, “ Maryland.
“ Edward Hubbell, “ New-York.
Mrs. Jane M. Doy^en, “ Maryland.
The responses which have been made to the Bishop’s ap-
peals for money have been most hearty and liberal ; of these
we propose to make more particular mention hereafter.
Twenty thousand dollars will be required to meet the wants
* Go out as married missionaries.
of the Foreign Committee in the equipping, sending'out, and
supporting for one year ten missionaries ; the amount needed for
the Interior Station is ten thousand dollars; the two objects
together require, therefore, thirty thousand dollars. At
the date of writing these lines the amount necessary to com
plete the whole sum is six thousand dollars All this has been
accomplished within a very short time, and the result is most
interesting in the evidence thus furnished that the same Divine
agency which has wrought such wonders in the opening of
China has been at work here in the hearts of God’s people.
One other circumstance should be noted in this connection,
and that is the very remarkable manner in which Bishop
Boone has been sustained in the multiplied labors which have
attended his efforts to obtain men and means for China. A
single short address made last fall seemed to have perilled his
life. During his recent labors he has sometimes spoken twice
on Sunday and several times during the week following ; and
although these efforts have occasionally produced great suffer-
ing. still we are much rejoiced to know that this has not been
of a threatening character. We delight to make mention of
these facts, because they are part of the whole series which
attend the present aspect of the work in China. The whole
combined should fill our hearts with gratitude to God and to
more entire devotion to the cause of Christ.
Before another number of our paper is issued, the Bishop
and his company will, probably, be on their way to China, and
we earnestly ask in their behalf tlie prayers of God’s people,
that they may be graciously preserved from danger, and con-
ducted in safety to the haven where they would be.
The Church may well rejoice in seeing this goodly company
going forth as ambassadors of the Prince of Peace. Let our
prayers be continually offered that the blessing of the Lord
may go with them and crown all their labors with abundant
WORK OF FEMALE ASSISTANT MISSIONA-
RY S IN CHINA.
MISS FAY’S REPORT.
Rt. Rev. Wm. J. Boone, D. D.
Dear Bishop: As the season has again returned in which you have
requested us to send in our annual reports, I have the pleasure of submit-
ting to you the following, and if it seem to you little more than a repetition
of dormer reports, I can only say in apology, that during the past year
the Boys’ Boarding School has gone on so regularly, and with so little
interruption either by change of teachers, pupils, or course of study, that
any further details, except it be of a “ little progress onward ,” could but
be a repetition of my former reports — yet as a matter of order it may be
satisfactory to review again each department.
1. — General Supervision of the School Buildings and Premises,
The repairs of which, as last year, have been supervised by Mr. Nelson, and
are strong and efficient, adding much to our comfort and safety ; as fall-
ing walls have been rebuilt, decaying timbers changed, sunken, broken
floors raised or made new; still, as there is neither wall nor fence around
the premises to protect us from “ evils without,” constant care is neces-
sary to keep the school boys “ within bounds” and beggars, loafers,
drunken sailors, and thieves, “ without bounds;” yet this has been a fa-
vored year compared with former ones, when my life has been threatened,
and 1 have often been called from my studies or other duties, by fright-
ened teachers, boys, or servants, to exert my authority in driving away
“ aggressive strangers.”
2. — Domestic Department.
Providing clothes and rice. In the first, my “ cares” and “anxieties”
have been a great deal lightened, and the boys’ faces quite brightened, by
the reception of a box from some kind and generous ladies of Savannah,
containing materials' for boys’ clothes, which were speedily made up, and,
with their ordinary supply, have kept them quite comfortable for everyday
and enabled them to look a “ little smart” on Sundays and holidays.
As to “ the rice” and “ its belongings,” I have at last almost entirely
succeeded in leaving it in the hands of a patient, incorrigible, but polite
Chinaman, with whom I rarely interfere, except to pay the weekly bills,
and by an occasional glance at the tables (we have six now, eight boys at
a table), to see that they are “properly appointed,” not in manner but
cn substance, and that thi huge basket which is placed on a bench in the
entre of the room is well filled with white rice, hot and well boiled !
3. — Care of the Boys out of School.
In no department has the influence of “teaching” been more satisfac-
torily shown than in this. As the boys grow older, they become more
considerate, and show so much deference and regard for my wishes that
they not only govern themselves, but do a good deal in assisting me to
look after the little ones. And I should hardly name this as still among
my cares, except as it gives me an opportunity of expressing my approba-
tion of the great improvement of the boys in their efforts at self-govern-
4. — Care of the Sick.
In this department my duties have been light compared with last year.
Though with a people like the Chinese, “a willing mind” can never be
much out of practice, and as you sent us so liberal a supply of Quinine,
and other needful medicines, and as there have been no cases of very seri-
ous illness among the boys, I have managed to get along without once
calling a physician, either for advice or medicine. The boys have great
confidence in “ my experience,” and often beg for a little “ foreign medi-
cine” to give a sick friend when they go home. With myself I have not
been quite so successful, as I had a severe attack of fever last autumn,
which continued two or three weeks, but was treated with so much skill
and care by Dr. Fish, that I have since had no further need of medical
attendance, and my health has been much better this last year than during
any other of the eight years I have been in China.
5. — English Studies.
In this department there has been no change in the course of studies,
though as Mr. Yang has been acting Consular Interpreter, in the British
Consulate for the last six months, the teaching of his classes has been
shared with myself and some of the larger boys who have taken their
turn as weekly monitors, not only teaching some of Mr. Yang’s smaller
classes, but also mine, that I might have leisure to teach his advanced
classes, geometry and scripture lessons. Mr. Yang conducts the morning
prayers (in Chinese), hears a class in astronomy, and has a study hour
after he returns from the Consulate in the evening. The return of the
Interpreter from Singapore is daily looked for, after which Mr. Yang will
resume all his duties in the school.
Ng Fok Kiung, who has been ten years a pupil in the school, was one
of your Bible class, and is a candidate for baptism, was appointed assist-
ant teacher in English, a few weeks since, and I trust he may fill his posi-
tion as faithfully and successfully as Mr. Yang. He will hereafter be
called “Woo seen sang,” or Mr. Woo. All the boys seem pleased with
his appointment, and several will be aspirants for the same honor at the
end of another year. The semi-annual examinations have been well
attended by gentlemen who have expressed much pleasure at the progress
of the boys in their English studies.
6. — Chinese Studies.
Of this department, I will not say as I was told the other day by a
Chinese, that “ it has no equal in the Empire!” but it gives me great
pleasure, and has my entire approbation. The classics and compositions
in the colloquial and Yung Le are still in charge of the teachers, “Ch’ing
and San,” whose reports of the studies and progress of each boy, I for-
warded to you by last mail — and you will see by looking at said reports
that even the smaller boys are far advanced in their classics, and that a
number of the larger ones will have finished the usual classical course while
they have yet two or three years longer to remain in school. This
will allow' them time for thorough review's and the writing of “Yung
ehang,” and I hope we may yet prove an exception to the remark that
“ Mission schools are inferior to the Native in classical attainments.” All
the boysw'rite the Chinese character, some of them beautifully, and several
have been writing “ Yung chang” for two years; and their translations
from the Chinese classics have been praised by most competent judges.
7. — Religious Instruction.
To this, I have, since we have lost your valuable aid, given njore
time than to any other. With the Chinese teachers, the first class (which
now consists of eighteen boys) have studied the book of Deuteronomy
and translated it into th<> colloquial — have committed to memory the book
of Ruth and St. Paul’s Epistle to the Galatians, copying the Chinese
text of each, and learning from their own manuscripts — with me they
have translated the same into English, committing to memory the Eng-
lish text and the answers to the questions in Dr. Turner’s commentary on
Galatians. They have also read by course, the intermediate books from
Ruth to Isaiah, this by their special request, that I “ might explain to them
the hard words.” It has given me much pleasure to see their increasing
fpndness for the Bible, and the intense interest with which they, read some
parts of it for the first time. The book of Job particularly excited their
wonder, and they were so anxious to know “ what became of Job,” I w r as
obliged to tell them ere they finished the history. “Proverbs” and the
“ Song of Solomon” they thought quite like their own classics, “only
better.” The Psalms they were so fond of reading, that I have for several
months allowed them to use their prayer books, and read responsively the
appointed Psalms at “ evening prayers.” In this reading they are joined
by the class which I reported last year as consisting of eleven little ones,
who had finished the Church catechism and commenced St. Mark’s gos-
pel — this class consists of twenty promising lads, some of whom have
finished the gospel in the colloquial, and all of whom are daily studying
the Bible in Chinese and English with careful and serious attention
Several have expressed a wish to be baptized.
Thirteen of the first class, and five of the second class, have
made written applications to Mr. Syle to be admitted candidates for bap-
.tism, and to-day he has his first regular appointment to meet them as
such in his library. I trust they have been moved to this by the Holy
Spirit, as most of them for three years past have wished to be baptized,
and their deportment in all that time has corresponded with such hopes
This year we are to have the assistance of a gentleman (of one of the
mercantile houses here) who has kindly volunteered to teach one of the
Bible classes on Sunday afternoons. He had letters of introduction from
Dr. Mason, of Boston, to yourself — is a communicant at the British Chap-
laincy; and I was very glad to give him a class of the larger boys, which
he has been teaching for several weeks.
In conclusion, I can only say again, “pray for us,” dear Bishop, and to
the whole Church I would say, 0 pray for the Mission schools in China.
Pray that the good work may go on until each province shall have its
Christian schools, and the whole Empire, with that of Japan and the Isles
of the sea, shall be supplied with wise and faithful native as well as foreign
teachers and preachers of the gospel of Jesus.
With the earnest hope that it may please our Heavenly Father te
enable you in health and strength, and with a single eye to His glory soon
to return to your little flock in China.
I am, Rt. Rev. and dear Bishop, faithfully and affectionately yours,
Lydia Mary Fay,
Teacher in charge of the Boys’ Boarding School,
Shanghai, March 1 Ith, 1859.
LETTER FROM THE SON 'OF A MISSIONARY.
The following note is from a youth of fourteen years of age
whose parents are Missionaries of our Church in China. Ad-
ditional interest attaches to it in the fact that the writer of it
is deaf and dumb :
Poughkeepsie, May 3 Oth, 1859.
My Dear Godfather : I have just received your circular, dated April
21st, accompanying a copy of Occasional Paper No. 21, and it has made
me think of a project of going to China, as a Missionary to Deaf Mutes,
when I am old enough, and have acquired thanecessary knowledge.
As China is now open to Missionaries, they are beginning to extend
their field of operations ; but only among the speaking and hearing portion
of the people. No one has yet paid any attention to the deaf mutes. In
the province that has been assigned to the Missionaries of the American
P. E. Church, there are, the Occasional Paper says, 37,000,000 inhabit-
ants ; and as the average proportion of deaf mutesi to speaking and hear-
ing people is 1 to 1,500, there must be about 24,500 deaf mutes in the
province of Kiang-su alone ! Now this multitude has not received any
religious instruction, and is not likely to receive any, for a long time ; and
on account of this, I ask you to answer, as fully and as soon as you ccmve-
niently can, the following questions :
1. Have.you, in all your Missionary experience, met with deaf mutes ?
2. If so, what was their number, and did they manifest any intelli-
3. Do you think the Chinese would allow & foreigner to teach their deaf
mute children ?
The circumstances of my parents being Missionaries among themselves,
and my being born in China, might be of use to me, in removing any pre-
judices that might exist in the minds of the Chinese, against intrusting the
instruction of their deaf mute children to one not a Chinese by ancestry ,
as well as by birth.
I send this under cover to Mr. Denison, as I do not know where you
are now. When you write, please to tell me when you will return to
I send much love to yourself and family. Some of my friends in Pough-
keepsie have asked me, “ When will Bishop Boone come here ?” Please
to answer this question for us.
May God bless and preserve you all, is the prayer of
Your affectionate godson.
Rt. Rev. Wm. J. Boone, D. D.
LETTER FROM BISHOP PAYNE.
Tutbury, Burton-on-Trent, England, )
May 19 th, 1859. j
Rey. and Dear Brother : — In God’s good providence we are in this
quiet town, spending a week with warm Christian friends, after three
weeks amidst the stirring scenes of London.
I am thankful to be able to report a most decided improvement in my
own health. Mrs. Payne, however, has found the climate thus far too
cool for her delicate constitution, and she has suffered from bad colds. The
weather is becoming more moderate every day, and we hope will soon
become quite comfortable, even for her. We have now made arrangements
to sail on the 11th of June, from Glasgow.
Our sojourn in London was blessed with the privilege of attending the
great May Anniversary Meetings. I need not say that we enjoyed “a
feast of fat things.” One was really wearied and exhausted in the effort
to witness and participate in the ardent outpourings of loving feeling and
effort at this season. At least a thousand of the ablest and best minds
and hearts amongst the Clergy of the United Kingdom, with thousands of
the choicest spirits among the laity, as well as Missionaries from all
lands, were brought together; thus uniting the talent of all classes, and
the most earnest laborers in every portion of the one great field, in sym-
pathy, in prayer, in counsel, in effort, with one heart, and voice, and hand,
to spread throughout the world the light of the glorious gospel.
I cannot describe my feelings as I saw by my side the Earl of Chichester,
after a modest address, presiding at the Church Missionary Society’s
Meeting; the present Duke, descendant of the great Marlborough, in the
humble tones of subdued, chastened, but earnest piety, pleading for the
spread of the Gospel among the heathen; and the Earl of Shaftesbury, at
the City Missions Society Meeting, standing up in the majesty of a strong,
stern, vigorous body and mind, fitted alike to contend or endure, advo-
cating, with all the boldness and earnestness of one knowing personally its
inestimable value — all possible means for bringing to the knowledge of the
masses, to all, salvation through faith in Jesus Christ. As he uttered
the conclusion of one of his addresses, I could not but wish that they might
be heard throughout the world.
Three features characterized all these addresses and meetings, most
cheering to every earnest Protestant Christian.
First. — The sound Protestant spirit prevailing.
Second. — The frequent expressions of the earnest desire for an increase
of the Spirit of prayer, as necessary to enable the society and the nation
to meet their responsibilities. Frequent reference was made to the remark-
able work of grace in the American Churches.
Third. — The essentially evangelical Missionary spirit ; embracing, in
its heart of love and benevolent efforts, the world of mankind.
The resolution which I was requested to move breathed the spirit of all
the speakers and meetings, as it does the spirit of Christ himself —
“ Resolved , That while we recognise the paramount Claims of India at the
present crisis, we deprecate any effort to check efforts in behalf of Africa,
China, Japan, or any other unevangelized nations.”
And the contributions to the various societies show that the Christian
Churches in England are striving to make their deeds correspond with the
popular demonstrations in Exeter Ilall. In every society, except that for
Missions in Ireland, has there been during the past year a considerable
increase of funds and laborers. You will of course see at an ealry date,
and I trust bring before our Episcopal Church — so much behind — as an
incentive to good works, the receipts of all these societies.
I only give the statistics of a few which I happen to have.
Church Missionary society, Total in United Kingdom
Bible Society .
Wesleyan Missionary Society (about) .
City Missions’ Society (over) ....
Total . £503,438
Or, in our currency, the amount of $2,416,502 40.
And this, I believe, represents little more than half of the numerous
societies holding their anniversaries in London about this time. Oh, that
our American Church, and especially our own Episcopal communion,
speedily manifest , more and more, their vital union with Christ , by giving
of their abundance to the advancement of His cause !
In comparing what we have done with that of others, I must confess I
feel humbled. I feel, I trust, a godly jealousy that we should, in this
most essential respect, prove that we are at least, as much as others, a part
of that body, the Church, which has for its Head the living, ever-active ,
aggressive, all-animating Lord Jesus Christ.
I remain, Bev. and dear Brother, yours very truly and respectfully.
LETTER FROM REV. C. C. HOFFMAN.
Rev. and Dear Brother :
As I have really been unable to copy and send my Journal for some
months past, an occasional letter by the steamer will keep you informed
of our work and welfare.
Our Easter Convocation was held at Cavalla, last week. I have had daily
service at the St. Mark’s Church during the week ; lecturing Monday,
Tuesday, and Wednesday ; Thursday and Friday, Mr. Crummell took the
services ; and Saturday, as we both were absent, I left the service with
our excellent Warden, Mr. J. T. Gibson.
The attendance at these services was excellent, and I trust they were
blessed to those who attended them.
The Convocation Services commenced on Good Friday, by a sermon
from Bro. Rambo ; in the evening, we held our usual Missionary Meet-
ing, and for interest and deep religious feeling, it has never, I think, been
exceeded, It was well attended, almost every teacher and catechist in
our employ attended and made a report, and many made addresses besides.
It lasted without weariness from 7 to II, p. m. The Rev. Mr. Messenger
presided ; a deeper seriousness, and a more earnest devotion to their work,
characterized the reports and addresses of the natives ; and although their
report of the state of the natives was far from encouraging, yet their
spirit was such as to lead me to lively hope for the future.
The natives were represented as in a state of stillness and deadness. In
some places they had violated the laws they previously had made in regard
to the Sabbath, and openly profaned it, and in others new greegrees had
been made. These things seemed to throw a seriousness over the native
Christians, which assured me that they were awake to the welfare of their
people. But there was?m discouragement , faith, hope and trust -were re-
posed in God : and the state of the heathen seemed to lead all to look
upward , and animated all to go onward. And this was the encouraging
feature in our meeting. It was a looking away from self up to Jesus our
Captain ; a determination to go on notwithstanding difficulty and dead-
ness from those whom they desired to deliver from the bondage of sin and
Before our meeting closed, a young Krooman, whom I had baptized
the Sunday before, came to me and begged to be allowed to speak and tell
those present what God had done for him ; leave was granted, and in
broken language, he made a very interesting address. He had been twice
sold as a slave in the interior — had been taken to the United States, and
returned by way of England and Sierra Leone. His great desire was, as
he said, to learn the word of God and teach his people. He now resides
at Hoffman Station, and attends the School. The following day, Saiur-
day, an early service was held for the natives, which was opened by Mr.
Bedell, of Rocktown, addressed by S. Boyd, of Fishtown, and N. S. Har-
ris, of Hoffman Station, and closed by our Deacon, Rev. C. F. Jones.
This was an animated and interesting meeting.
At 10, we held our business meeting, at which we appointed the next
Convocation of Rocktown and Rev. Mr. Jones the preacher.
At 11, we had services in the Epiphany, Mr. Messenger reading ser-
vice, I preaching, followed by addresses from Rev. Mr. Rambo and Rev.
Mr. Crummell. I was obliged to leave in the afternoon, for my duties
here on Easter. On that day, at Cavalla, Mr. Messenger expected to baptize
a native man whom the Chatechist, T. C. Brownell, had brought down
with him from c< Bohlen” Station. He gave good evidence of a renewed
heart. This is the third convert from that Station. The other two are both
growing in grace and in the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour, Jesus
Easter-day here was a very delightful one. We had an early service at
the Asylum (half-past six), at which our family and some of the neigh-
bors attended. I suppose you will not be shocked by my telling you that
the girls had made a few wreaths of lovely flowers and bouquets which
were tastefully arranged about the school-room. These were meet em-
blems of the joy that filled our hearts. Soon after my entrance, they chant-
ed the Easter chant, “ Christ’s our Passover,” and I made a few remarks
on the day, and found they had all learned appropriate texts to repeat,
which gave me the opportunity of extending my remarks. The Collect
was then repeated by them, and the Epistle and Gospel read by them,
followed by a brief exposition, previous to which they sang a hymn, and
afterward the Easter hymn, u Christ the Lord is risen to-day,” &c., and
then followed prayer.
At St. Mark’s the “ Ber.edicite’ ’ was chanted very beautifully by
the 'girls. Rev. Mr. Rambo assisted in the services, I preached, and
the Holy Communion was administered to sixty-one of the Lord’s people,
many of whom were natives, and three were added to our number, a young
girl from our Asylum, Eliza Noel ; a native man, and a Colonist woman-
Thus the Lord blesses our work among all classes. Our Sunday School
was exceedingly interesting, and divine service was held at night by Rev.
I should have observed that at the Convocation at Cavalla Station, neither
Mr. nor Mrs. Hubbard was able to leave their room. They were recover-
ing from a pretty severe attack of fever, and were very weak.
JOURNAL OF REV. J. RAMBO.
DUTIES INCIDENTS — PREACHING.
April 4th . — Returned this evening from Rocktown, where I had preach-
ed and administered Communion. Found Mrs. R. sick of fever at the
Asylum. Her attacks, though not severe, are frequent — once a fortnight,
lasting two or three days.
April 5th. — Mrs. R. much better. Was able to leave her room for
awhile. Made my usual visits to the Colonists. Walked three miles to
Jacksonville, and called upon several families and conversed with the
members. Evening — wrote letters to go home in a vessel which leaves
in a few days.
April 7th . — Hard rain early this afternoon prevented me from making
my usual visit to my Station at Rocktown. We have frequent showers
now preparatory to the regular rainy season, which may set in next
April 8 th . — Went to Rocktown this morning in a hammock on the
beach. Preached in one of the larger towns. Planted some seeds in my
vegetable garden, which bids fair to produce well. May the spiritual gar-
den I am sent to cultivate yield also abundantly ef the fruits of peace and
Returned by sea in a canoe to the Cape, and spent the evening with
friends. We heard excellent singing accompanied by a melodeon.
Sunday , April 10 th. — Morning, preached in Balia’s town to fifteen per-
sons. All were quiet — rather too much so, for one or two dropped asleep.
I hope some at least were interested in the message which was delivered.
At night preached to about fifty persons in St. Mark’s Church. The
subject was, “ Isaac a type of Christ.” The morning congregation is
much larger than this. It is quite necessary to enlarge the Church ; and
it is about to be lengthened thirty feet. Now the nave is about twenty-
four by forty feet.
VISIT TO CAVALLA LETTERS.
April 13 th . — Yesterday we learned at the Asylum, that Mr. and Mrs.
Hubbard were still quite sick at Cavalla. After attending the anniversa-
ry of the “ Ladies’ Benevolent Society” at St. Mark’s, Mrs. R. and I left
the head of the lake at 5 o’clock for Cavallla.
We took passage in a canoe. It was not a good one for the purpose ;
the centre of gravity was not low enough to make us feel entirely com-
fortable, for there were six persons and some baggage in it. No acci-
dent, however, happened. The lake is about seven miles long, and its
average breadth about a quarter of a mile. It is a beautiful sheet of w ater
running parallel with the beach — from 100 to 150 yards from it. We en-
joyed the trip. At Graway we left the canoe, and Mrs. R. was carried
the remaining three miles in a hammock, but I walked.
We spent part of the evening with our sick friends. Theyar^ very
much prostrated, and their fever is hardly broken yet. For a week they
have suffered much. They are calm and peaceful under their affliction.
April 15 th . — We sent off some letters yesterday, per English mail
steamer, and several more to-day by our American vessel. This morning
we received letters from Bishop Payne, dated Madeira, and others from
friends in Philadelphia, dated six week ago. These came per mail steam-
ers. Those who have never been living at the ends of the earth know
not the real value of the “good news from a far country which these
friendly messages bring ; nor how eagerly every line and word is devour-
ed.” We can now write monthly and receive letters monthly from home.
These steamers have only been stopping here during the past five months.
Our invalids are better this morning — the crisis of the fever having
passed. God be praised for his goodness. Rev. Mr. Messenger who is
associated with Mr. II., is quite indisposed this evening. It now seemed
necessary that I should remain over Sunday to preach all day at this sta-
AN ORDEAL SUNDAY . EXERCISE.
April 16/A. — Visited the largest town at Cavalla this afternoon, to in-
vite the people to church to-morrow. There was a crowd gathered in the
centre of the town. A young girl, aged about fifteen , was accused of
adultery. She declared herself innocent. She was, however, required to
prove it by an ordeal.
Some palm-oil was heated boiling hot in a small pot. and a certain herb
was put into the oil which, it is believed, renders the hot fluid harmless to
the innocent. She’ was requested to thrust her hand into the hot oil to
prove that her werd wes true — that she was innocent.
She hesitated some time before she did it. She was not indeed forced to
do it — but had she entirely refused she would have been considered guilty,
as it was her hand was of course much burned, and so she is now con-
sidered by her accusers, guilty of the crime. The punishment will fall
heaviest on the one she may name as the partner in the guilt. A heavy
tine will be levied, if not temporary banishment from the town.
Sunday, April 17/A.— Preached morning and night at the Cavalla Sta-
tion. The congregation in the Epiphany in the morning, numbered about
one hundred and thirty, more than two thirds of whom belonged to the
station — scholars, teachers, &c. The service was in Grebe, and the ser-
mon was interpreted. Nearly all the people are on their farms still.
At night the service and sermon were in English. About fifty or sixty
persons living at the station, were present, and gave good attention. If
our mission had done nothing more during the last twenty years than
to educate more or less thoroughly at least twelve hundred to fifteen hundred
Grebo children and youths, in the principles and truths of the Gospel, it
would not have been a failure. But it has' done much more than this ; at
least one hundred of these youths have, as we trust, been converted to
God. Thousands of adult heathens have been pretty thoroughly drilled in
the W ord of Life, and thousands more in several tribes have heard from
the lips of our missionaries something of Gospel truth.
This evening the chanting and singing were excellent. The responses
were audible and made by nearly every person present — and the sermon
apparently understood and appreciated by most present. Catechised
the scholars in the afternoon ; it was to me a most interesting and profita-
ble Sabbath. God was with us of a truth.
Return to the Cape , April 18/A. — Mrs. R. was attacked again last eve-
ning with fever ; but this P. M., she was able to return to Cape Palmas.
We had a pleasant trip up to Grawayin a hammock, then had a pleasant
canoe ride. Mrs. R. was not much fatigued by the journey. We left the
invalids at Cavalla better, and found Mrs. Hoffman at the Asylum, better
than when we left.
On the 31st of May a meeting of merchants of Philadelphia was held in
the rooms of the Board of Trade in that city, to welcome the Hon W. B.
Reed, on his return from China. Mr. Reed, a§ Commissioner from the
United States, in the prosecution of his mission, succeeded in negotiating
a very important and satisfactory treaty with the Chinese Government —
the particulars of which appeared in the public prints some months ago.
'The above meeting was held for the purpose of affording opportunity pub-
licly to express gratification at the result of Mr. Reed’s labors, and to hear
from his lips a detailed statement of his doings as an agent of the govern-
ment in matters above mentioned.
Mr. Reed addressed the crowded assembly at great length, and towards
the close of his Address spoke as follows :
“ One other word, and I have done. It has reference to higher thoughts
than any connected with political or diplomatic success. No one can pass
even as short a time as I have done, in the dark, cold shadow of Pagan
civilization, such as is found in China, or among what we may hope to be
the ruins of Hindu or Mahometan superstition, without new gratitude that
his lot is cast in a Christian land, and without the conviction that there
can be no true, effective enlightenment without Christianity; and to speak
more practically still, no one can see what I have, without recognizing the
duty of acknowledging the enormous debt of gratitude to those devoted
men and women who, as missionaries, are struggling for the conversion
and education of the Heathen, and our obligation to sustain them. I went
to the East with no enthusiasm as to missionary enterprise. I came back
with a fixed conviction that, in its true and harmonizing power, and in its
increasing influence on commercial adventure, it is, under Providence,
the great agent of civilization ; and I feel it my duty to add, that every-
where in Asia and Africa, among the Caffres in Natal, on the continent
of India, among the forests of Ceylon, and over the vast expanse of China,
the testimony to the zeal and success of our countrymen as missionaries
of the truth is earnest and concurrent. I heard it everywhere, and from
high authority. Their praises greeted me when, afi?er the dreariness of a
long voyage, I put my foot ashore at the Cape of Good Hope ; and when,
nearly two years afterward, I bade farewell to eastern lands, my last de-
lightful duty was to visit, and for myself see, the largest missionary school
in Egypt, kept and admirably administered by an American — a Philadel-
phia woman (Miss Dale), at Alexandria.”
The Rev. Dr. Stevens, Rector of St. Andrew’s Church, Philadelphia,
was present at the meeting, by special invitation, and at the summons of
the Chairman made a brief address.
Dr. Stevens said that this was an unusual place for him to be in, and
yet there was a moral sublimity in the occasion, rarely if ever met with in
the public assemblies of this city. The audience had assembled to greet
the accomplished negotiator of a treaty which, for all future time, would
stand forth as the noblest specimen of American diplomacy. Its results
were the opening of a great and almost unknown country, comprising a
large portion of the globe, to the commerce of the world.
There is an adage that Commerce is king. This is a verity. Com-
merce is king. But there is a greater king, a King of kings. In refer-
ence to that aspect of the occasion, the speaker greeted the assemblage
with no ordinary feelings. It was said by Euripides that “ the first of
chiefs is he who laurels wins, but buys them not with life.” Most laurels
won for human brows have been bathed in human blood, and those who
wore them have wrested them at the price of slaughter. Fortunately, we
have in our midst to-night, a great diplomatist, the chief of diplomatists,
whose laureled honors are unstained by suffering, and untarnished by the
production of a single pang to human being. That diplomatist is also a
Christian, and owing to the Christian sentiments which adorn his charac-
ter, he has prevented this government from imbruing its hands in blood
to secure those immunities and advantages which have crowned his memor-
What has been done for Christianity and for the cause of missions by
this embassy to China and the diplomacy of Mr. Reed ? Let us look at a
letter from the Lord Bishop of Victoria, to the Archbishop of Canterbury
This distinguished prelate of the Eaglish Church says : “ The American.
Minister, Hon. Wm. B. Reed, has been the first in his treaty with China
to obtain an honorable mention and direct recognition of the Christian
religion, and a voluntary offer of protection to Christian converts in the
country. * * * It is right that Christians on both sides of the Atlan-
tic should know the advantages that have been procured for missionary
labor, and the impediments that have been removed from the path of the
gospel, by the noble work of the American Minister, Hon. Wm. B.
This endorsement is by a Bishop of the Church of England. It is but
dOO years ago that Francis Xavier went to that country to spread the
gospel. With great difficulty he landed at Macao, for to China proper he
could not go. He therefore went to the rock which forms a line of demar-
cation between Macao and Chinese soil, and was heard exclaiming as he
stood upon its summit, “ Rock, when wilt thou open ?” When the
speaker was in China, but one port in China was open to foreigners. The
missionaries then could do little more than translate the Scriptures, and
prepare for future openings. But now the rock was open, and the mighty
Empire of the East was ready to receive Christianity. In his fondest ex-
pectation, the speaker had never expected to see that day, yet there was the
result, and Mr. Reed had accomplished it !
The Emperor of China himself has recognized the beneficent principles
of Christianity. Mr. Reed has presented it to him as a religion which
teaches its followers to do as they would have others do to them ; and the
Emperor has been made to feel and recognize the sublimity of its tenets.
Mr. Reed’s mission has placed missionary efforts upon a different footing
from anything that ever existed before. The native convert, instead of
concealing his conyictions, is now protected in cherishing and express-
ing them. W hether converted to the Greek, the Romish, or the Protestant
faith, the Chinese are guaranteed entire exemption from molestation in the
privilege of worship.
It is idle to deny the benefits which accrue from missions. Among a
body of merchants like this, it cannot be questioned that, for most of the
trophies of its success, commerce is indebted to Christianity. Religion has
prepared the way for commerce, and commerce comes on in its wake, and
reaps unnumbered and unmeasured benefits.
Rut the benefit is not alone to ourselves. It is to China equally with
ourselves. Our distinguished fellow-townsman has wrought out a practi-
cal exposition of the great truth that we should do unto others as we would
they should do unto us. He has made it to be understood that ours is a
beneficent religion. It was to his honor first to introduce it in a manner
which rendered it operative at once. Kotzebue plumed himself upon an
immortality because in passing an uninhabited island in the Pacific, he had
planted a single esculent upon its shore, for the benefit of a future popula-
tion. And because of that single potato which he then left to multiply for
the benefit of posterity, he claimed to have been a public benefactor.
llow much more, then, are we and future generations indebted to Mr.
Reed, in that he has smitten the stubborn rock of Chinese bigotry, and
caused it to well forth waters of benevolence and humility ! The cele-
brated Guizot, than whom a greater writer upon the subject never lived,
maintains that Christianity is the most potent medium for human advance-
ment. Christianize a people, and you civilize its rulers and infuse reli-
gious principles into its laws. Christianize the towns and villages of a
nation, and you Christianize its cities, its great men, and its kings. If
society is better, its rulers and laws are bettered in corresponding ratio.
The Chinese are, in many respects, a great people. They are great in
their territory, great in their mechanical arts, and great even in their liter-
ature. Yet, alas ! th^y are debased. Idolatry exists among them; infanti-
cide is, unhappily, frequent ; polygamy is of constant occurrence ;
tyranny is a characteristic of their government ; and woman among them
is degraded and debased. By bringing to them the religion of Jesus Christ,
all these evils are dispelled. The Gospel delves down into the strata of
their iniquity, and the lowest stratum of it all is lifted up into the light of
the Sun of righteousness. Woman is then elevated to her proper sphere ;
infanticide is abolished, tyranny is softened into moderation, and gentle-
ness takes the place of brutality. Napoleon said truly, that what France
needed was mothers. This is what China needs — Christian mothers !
Thanks to our distinguished minister to that country, the beginning of
June, 1858, w r as to China as auspiciously glorious a time as was the Fourth
of July, 1776, to this country of our own. The present occasion — as the
speaker before remarked — was an unequalled spectacle of moral sublimity.
Never before, in the history of this city, had the presence of an ambassa-
dor of Christ been requested at the reception of an ambassador to an
earthly potentate ; and yet the speaker felt honored by the invitation, and
that he honored his Master in standing there to proclaim some of the re-
sults of this memorable embassy to the East. And this was equally hon-
orable to the audience present — this introduction of the religious element
into an occasion like the one in question.
The speaker closed by saying that it was to the credit of the city of
Philadelphia that the first Protestant Missionary who sailed to China, in
1807, had sailed from the port of Philadelphia ; that the first Bishop of
China, in 1844, was ordained in this city ; and that the first American
Ambassador to open the portals of China to the blessed Gospel of our Lord
and Master, was a native Philadelphian.
The remarks of Dr. Stevens were beautifully delivered. were listened
to with breathless interest, and received with enthusiasm. At his close
the audience slowly dispersed , — Philadelphia Paper.
ANNIVERSARY OF THE CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY—
May 3, 1859.
£ s. d.
General Fund — Associations, Benefactions, Legacies,, &c. j . . 120 393 8
Fund for Disabled Missionaries, <j-c 1,689 9
Total Ordinary Income 122,088 17 10
Special Fund/or India up to March 31,1859 21.287 11 3
Total received in the United Kingdom . . £146.376 9 1
On account of General Expenses of the Society at home and abroad . . 119,799 13
Deduct charges on Special Indian Fund . . 3,500 0
116,299 13 3
On account of Disabled Missionaries, <frc 4,042 10 2
Total charges on General Fund 120,342 3 b
Ordinary Income of the year .
Ordinary Expenditure of the year
£122,088 17 10
120,342 3 5
SPECIAL INDIAN FUND.
Last year 24,717 16 11
This year 2L287 11 3
Total 49.005 8 2
Expended as above 3,500
Grants and Incidentals 3,558
Liabilities • 850
7,908 0 0
Disposable Balance 41,097 8 2
The Local Funds raised in the Missions, and expended there upon the operations of the
Society, but independently of the General Fund, are not included in the foregoing State
ment. They are estimated at £15,600 ; making a grand total from all sources of £161,976.
STATISTICS OF THE MISSIONS.
Clergymen : English
Natives and East Indians
Total number of Clergymen
European Laymen: Schoolmasters, Lay Agents, Printers, &c. 37
European Female Teachers (exclusive of Missionaries’ Wives) 12
Native and Country -born Catechists and Teachers of all classes 2100*
Number of Communicants (1856) 18,730, (1857) 18 787, (1858) 18,371, (1859) 18,560.*
Arrival of Bishop Payne. — Bishop Payne and Mrs. Payne
arrived in New- York, in the steamer Glasgow, on the 25th of
Jane. Their health is much improved since they left the
coast of Africa. After an absence of seven years the Bishop
returns to his native land to recruit his strength, worn out by
incessant toil in his trying field ; and we do earnestly hope
that this may be fully accomplished. His visit is most wel-
come and will, we doubt not, result in largely increased
interest in the missionary work in Africa.
Health of the Missionaries in Africa. — The following
particulars are given in a letter from Rev. C. C. Hoffman,
dated Cape Palmas, May 13th, 1859 : “I am reminded by
my own feverishness this evening to give you the general bill
of health. Brother and Mrs. Hubbard have been here for the
last fortnight in much weakness ; as soon as they were able to
leave their beds at Cavalla they came here in hopes of recruit-
* Returns from several Missions are ut present Incomplete.
ing, but it is only within a few days that they have been well
enough to go down stairs. He suffers much more than she
“ Mr. Rambo has had frequent slight attacks of fever, but
is now more free from them. Mrs. Rambo has them also fre-
quently but is soon over them. They leave for Rocktown
“ Mr. and Mrs. Messenger have not been very sick since
their acclimating attack, although he suffers often from chills
and fever, so that Dr. De Lyon had to go down last week to
see him, and I to aid him in his Sunday duties. We left him
“ 1 was not bettered , however, by the trip, as I was unwell
while there, and returned with increased fever from which I
still suffer. Mrs. Hoffman, I rejoice to write is getting about
again, and our hope, ‘ Grace,’ is in health.
“ Miss Ball’s health is quite bad, and I think she will have
to leave by the first good opportunity for Monrovia, for a
change. I doubt if she will stand this climate. By a voyage
she finds temporary relief but soon relapses into a state of
“ So you see I can only give you a very poor account of our
bodily health. That the Lord spares us and grants us such as
we have we are thankful.”
Ordination of Missionaries for China. — A special service
will be held in St. George’s Church, in this city, Rev. S. H.
Tyng, D. D., Rector, on Thursday, the 7th of July, 1859, at 11
o’clock, a. m. On this occasion several persons now under ap-
pointment to China will be ordained by the Rt. Rev. W. J.
Boone, D. D., Missionary Christian Bishop.
The sermon will be preached by the Rev. William Sparrow,
D. D., of the Theological Seminary, Fairfax Co., Virginia.
N. B. — Bishop Boone and Mrs. Boone, together with nine
Missionaries recently appointed to China — three of whom are
married — expect to embark for Shanghai in the ship Golden
Rule, to sail on the 9th of July.
LIST OF PACKAGES, 4-c., received at the Office of the Foreign Committee, No.
19 Bible House , from May 15, to June 15, 1859.
Md., thro’ Adams
Va., Miss D. T. Dick-
Rev. E. W. Sjle, Chi |
Rev. C. C. Hoffman, J
Brig “E. N. Rove.”
Cl Cl u
Pa.., Rev. W m. New-
Miss M. Ball
Phil., L. M. Bond,
N. Y., Miss Currie. .
Rev. J. Rambo,
Rev. C. C. Hoffman,
j Three Boxes,...
38-9 & 40
c; i; cc
c; c . u
One box from Calvary Church Sunday School, Clifton, Ohio, was sent direct, per M. C
Stephens, for the Mission Schools at Cape Palmas. Value, $70.
The Treasuror of the Foreign Committee
acknowledges the receipt of the following
sums, from May 15th to June 15th, 1839 :
Gardiner — Christ Ch., $25 27 ;
Bp Burgess, for Chi.. $30 ;
S. K. B., for Chi. $10 ;
Mrs. M. 1. K.. for Chi.,
$15; Mrs. E. K. S., for
Chi., $10: Miss M. S., for
Chi., $2 50 $112 77
Hallowtll — Anonymous 2 00 $114 77
Claremont — From “ S„” for Chi. 10 00
Bennington — St. Peter’s, for
outfit of missionaries, Chi. 15 00
North field— St. Mary’s 10 00 25 00
Great Barrington. — St. James’
Par., for Chi. and Japan,
$40; do.S. S.. for Bohlen
Sta., Af., 11 75 51 75
| Lowell — St. Anne’s, young la-
dies, for Af $100 00
Newton Lower Falls-- St. Mary’s
S. S., tor JapaD 14 52 $166 27
East Greenwich — St. Luke’s 21 00
Newport — Zion S. S., for ed. of
Martha Littlefield & Wm.
Cozzens, Af 10 CO
F aw tucket — St. Paul’s, 7 S. S.
classes, $20 48; 4 do., for
Af., $12 85 33 33
Providence — From a poor or-
phan girl to Bp. Boone,
for Chi 10 00 74 33
Brookfield — St. Paul's 9 00
j East Haddum — St. Stephen's. 11 00
Hamden — Grace 15 75
Hartford — Christ Ch. Miss. Soc.,
lor the outfit of mission-
aries to Chi 25 00
, Hebron — St. Peter’s 5 00
i Waterbury — St. John’s, from a
member on her death-
bed 3 00
j Watertown — Miss H. P. Bradley 2 00
; Winsted — St. James’, for Af.,
$3 ; for the interior Sta.,
$2 5 00
Zoar — St. James’ $100 $76 75 f
Amenia — From R. & M. II., for
Af. 2 00
Brooklyn — Christ Ch. S. S., for
Japan 25 00
“ St. Paul's 18 00
Dtlhi — From Charles Marvine,
Esq., for Chi. and Japan. 10 GO
Duchess Co.. Glenham — St.
John’s Baptist S. S., for
Af 5 00
Factory ville, S. /. — Trinity Cha-
pel S. S., for Japan 14 34
New- York — Atlantic Ins. Co.
Scrip paid off, and inte-
rest rec’d 54 80
“ St. Ann's for Dear' Mutes. . 2 50
“ St. John Kaptist. from a
member, $5 ; for Chi., $5 10 CO
“ St. Mirk’s, toward outfit
and support of a mission-
ary in C li 1106 00
“ From J. S. A., for interest
of money loaned out, ac-
count of Trinity Church,
Monrovia .. . 403 37
Piermont — C : >r st Ch., for Af. . . 3 00
Richmond , S. I. — St. Andrew’s
S. S.. for <3d. D. Moore, Af. 20 00
Troy — St. Paul's, from a mem-
ber, for Chi. an i Japan. . 40 00
White Plains — 'Irace, for Ja-
pan. $25 : S S., f >r Theo-
dore S Romney Srholtr-
ship, Af., $20 , for Af., $6 ;
Chi., $17 68 00 1782201
Avon- Zion, Hoffman Children’s
Soc., for Af, 2 00
Geneva — F’m the Misses Bridge,
toward our fit of mission-
aries to Chi 25 00
Livingston Co., Mt. Morris —
Anon> mous, for Chi.. $25 ;
Interior Sta., Ciii., $25. . . 50 00
Niagara-Falls— St. Peter’s 15 75
Oswego — Evangelist 25 00
Paris Hill— St. Paul’s, for Chi. 5 00
Port Byron — From “ Clara T.,”
for Cni 3 00
Rochester — st. Luke’s $75 ; Af., .
$13 ; J. Durs-n, Af., $2> ;
S. S., $22; for C.ipe Pal-
mas, $75 Teacoers’ Of-
fering, for Japm, $13 58;
Last Offering of “’Little
Kate,” ( le eased), >or
Rev. Mr. Hoffman, Af. $3,233 58 359 33
Allentown — Chris’ Ch.. for Af..
$7 50; Jautn $2 50 ...
Elizabeth — St. John’s y"ung la-
dies’ Bibl-* Cla-s, for or-
phan asylum, Cape Pal-
Shrewsbury— From S. F. C , to-
ward outfit of mission-
aries to Chi
Paterson — From Miss J. R B.
Borrowe, for Inter. Sta.,
Princeton — From “A Lover of
the Good Cause,” toward
outfit of missionaries $3 00
“ From “X. Q. Q. A. T. E.,”
for Japan 100 00
Trenton — St. Paul’s S. S., for
Chi. and A f 5 81 $153 81
Carbondale — Trinity 12 00
Germantown — Christ Ch. S. S.,
for school-house at Ca-
valla, Af 155 00
‘‘ St. Luke’s, from a member,
for Chi 50 00
Great Bend — For China. 4 02
Honesdale — Grace 50 00
M;ss S. A. Snyder, for Chi. 5 00
Lancaster Co., Paradise — All
Sa ; nts’, from Mrs. A. Ba-
ker, for Chi 5 00
Lebanon Co., Lebanon — Christ
Ch., for Inter. Sta.. Chi. . 8 16
“ Fiom J. A. L S., for Inte-
rior Sta., Chi 2 84
Manayunk — St. David’s S. S.,
for Af 35 15
Maylandville — Trinity, for ed.
J. G. Drayton, $20 ; Susan
Allibone. $20 ; brother
and sister's savings, for
Af., $1 41 00
Meadville — Christ Ch., $15 58 ;
S. S., $35 85 51 43
Montrose — St. Paul’s S. S , for
Af 6 00
New London — St. John’s 3 30
New MUford — St. Mark's, for
Chi.. $150; S. S., for Af.,
$4 15 5 65
Philadelphia — St. Jude’s S. S.,
for Japan 10 00
“ Cape Palma3 Female Or-
phan Asylum Soc 1063 72
Pittsburg — From I. H. Schoen-
burg, for outfit of mis-
sionaries to Chi 250 00
Tamaqua — Calvary infant S. S.,
for Af 2 58 17G0 83
Brandywine Village — St. John’s
Church, for Japan. .».. . 200
New Castle — Immanuel 37 31
Wilmington — From Thos. At-
kinson, Af 20 00 69 31
Anne Arundel Co .— All Hallow’s
Par., for Japan 23 02.
Frederick Co. — St. Paul’s, for Af. 1 45
“ Zion, for Chi. and Af.. $18
48 ; S. S., for Af.. $2 67.. 21 15
Pr. George's Co. — St. Geo. Par.,
X 13 08
St. Mary's Co , Charlotte Hall.—
All Faith colored congre-
gation, for Af 2 06
St. Mary's Co . — Kmg and Queen
Par., colored cong., for Af. 3 32
Talbot Co. — St. Peter’s Parish,
Christ Ch 22 00
Washington Co., Hagerstown —
St. John’sPar., St. John's,
for Chi., $10 ; Jap., $15. 25 00
Washington, D.C.-Tr\n\ty S. S.,
for China, $12088 ; Miss C.
Jones, $18 75 Af., $4 59.$144 22 $255 30
Albemarle Co. — Walker’s Par.,
Grace. . 24 18
“ Ilopedale. children of.. ... 10 82
Alexandria— Par. of Kapi is, St.
James’, $40 ; S. S., $22 15. 62 15
The Churches, for Inte-
rior Sta., Chi 561 60
Amelia Co . — Raleigh Par., $11
25; Chi., $10; Af., $10. . 31 25
Amherst Co . — Lexington Par... 2 00
Berkeley Co ., Hodgesville — Mt.
Charles City Co. — Westover
Par., $44 82; from Rev.
Dr. Wade, for scholarship,
Af., $20 ; Japan, $5 ; from
Mrs. Wade, gen’l, $3 50;
Af., $5 78 32
Charlotte Co., Cornwall — Roan-
oke Ch., $10, through L.
B. W ; H. Carrington,
Esq., $10 20 00
Charlottesville — Christ Ch., $12
50; Af., $147 159 50
Culpeper Co.— St. James’ 37 39
“ St. Mark’s Par., St. Paul's. 15 22
Eastville — Geo. Kerr, Esq., for
Chi. and Japan 5 00
Fairfax Co . — Theological Semi-
nary, for Inter. Sta , Chi. 5 37
Fluvanna Co., Columbia — From
M. A. E. Carrington, for
Japan 5 00
Gloucester Co — Abingdon Par.,
from B. B.,” a little
boy, for Chi 1 00
Greensville — Christ Ch. Sewing
Soc.. $30 ; from a mem-
ber, $5 ; from do., for Ja-
pan, $5 40 00
Hampton — St. John’s, Sewing
Circle 10 00
Halifax Co . — Antrim Par., from
Mr. D. C., for Chi., $5;
Mrs. S. W..$2 67; Mrs. E.
B. E., $2 50; Col. C. H. C.,
$2 ; Miss M. J. S., $2 ; Mrs
C. S. E., $1 50; N. T. G.,
Jr., $2 50 ; Mrs. S. E. F..
for Af., $1; Mrs.N.C B.;
$5 83 : Mrs M. E. G., $3 ;
Rev. J. G..$30; Mrs.E.S.
E , $4; D.C.,$10 ; Misses
R and E. L., $2; Mrs. F.
K. G., $1 ; Dr. J. B., $1 ;
T. B., $5 ; J. C. B., $50 ;
Rev. Dr. Grammee, in an-
swer to Bp. Boone’s ap-
peal for Chi,, $20 151 00
“ Catawba Ch., through L.
B. W 5 00
Hanover Co. — St. Martin’s Par ,
P. Nelson, Esq 90 00
“St Paul’s, from Mrs. C. R.
W.. $1; Mrs. Wm. F. W.,
$2 50 ; Miss L. W., $2 ;
Mrs J. D. W., $1 6 50
King George Co — St. John’s,
H 10 00
St. Paul’s Par., for ed. of
David, James Van Dyke
aud Edward Lee Stewart
Af $100 00
Lancaster Co .— From W, Y. C.
D 50 00
Leesburgh — Shelbourne. St,
James, ($10 of which is
to be applied by Rev. C.
C. II., Af.) 127 25
Lexington— Grace, for Chi 43 00
Louisa Co . — Green Spring Par..
W. Gordon, Esq 2 50
“ St. John’s 20 00
“ Silvania. “ Pupils at ”.. . 5 00
Madison — Bloomfield Par. Pied-
mont, Trinity Ch 10 00
Martinsburg — Trinity 18 90
Mecklenburg'— Hi. Luke’s from
E.Tarrey,Esq 3 00
Middlesex Co. — Chri.-t Ch 50 00
Nelson — Nelson Par 38 91
Petersburg— Grace Ch., salary of
Rev. N. S. Harris, Af.,
$166; for Interior Sta.
Chi.. $50 216 00
Pittsylvania Co . — C imden Par.
Epiphany 10 00
Powhaltan Co. — Genito, Grace . 15 00
RicAwtond-Monumental, for In-
terior Sta., Chi 250 00
“ St. Paul’s, result of a col-
lection at a meeting in
the Lecture room and
special contr. of mem-
bers, for Interior Sta.
Chi., $687 77; from a
gentleman, for Rev. C.
M. Williams, Japan,
$50 737 77
Roanoke Co . — Salem Par., Big
Lick, St. John’s, from Mrs.
E. Watts 5 CO
Wheeling — St. Matthews 90 95
Williamsburg — Bruton Par .. 5 00
Miscellaneous — From Miss E.
Rodman, for Chi. and Ja-
pan ! 5 00$3135 33
Beaufort — St. Helena for Inte-
rior Sta., Chi 1028 Od
Black Oak — Trinity 40 50
Blufton — St. Luke’s for Interior
Sta., Chi 55 00
Camden — Grace 47 00
Charleston — Calvary, Whites
for Af., $5 85 ; Colored
for do. $4 50 10 35
“ Grace, for Chi., $1000;
Working Soc., for sup-
port T. C. Brownell,
Af., $100 1100 00
St. Bartholomew's for Chi.
$12 50; Japan, $11... 23 50
;< St. Luke’s, for Interior
Sta., Chi., $50; S. 8..
“ being first fruits for
Chi.” $43 93 00
“ St. Michael’s, for Chi.,
$556 08 ; from a lady,
for Scholarship in Mt.
Vaughan High School
$25 581 08
“ St. Paul’s 16 50
“ St. Peter’s for Interior Sta.
Chi., $475 ; froma mem.
for Japan $5 480 00
Charleston- St. Phillip's $20 ; for
Interior Sta., Chi. $276
47 ; J. J. P. Smith $10 $306 47
“ St. Thomas and St. Davids
for Chi 30 00
Cheraw — From “ a Friend to
Missions” $50 ; towards
outfit of Missionaries to
Chi., $250 300 00
Combahee — Ascensiop, for Chi
$10 75 ; Japan, $2 12 75
Columbia — Christ Ch. for Inte-
rior Sta. Chi 112 00
Grahamville — Holy Trinity, for
Interior Sta. Chi 240 00
St. Luke’s Colored Cong.
for Af 10 48
“ From Miss Welch for Af. . . 1 00
“ From Rev. A. Wigfall, for
Interior Sta. Chi* 50 00
Pe Dee — Pr. Frederick Par. for
Interior Sta. Chi 35 00
Pocolaligu — From Rev. S. Elli-
ott, for Interior Sta. Chi 100 00
Pineville — St. Stephens and Up-
per St. Johus 80 00
Richland District — Zion, for
Chi.. $37 50 ; Af., $37 50... 75 00
Helena Island— St. Helena Ch. 20 09
Spartanburg— Advent, Chi . . 10 00
Sumpter — Holy Comforter 5 00
Waccamaw — “ Sigma’s” annual
pledge for ed. of child in
Af 20 00
Walterboro ’ — St. Jude’s, $19;
Japan, $1 20 00$4902 63
Savannah — Christ Ch. for edn.,
E. Neufville, Af 100 00
“ St. John’s for Chi 76 00 176 00
DemopoJts-Anonymous for Chi. 2 00
Vicksburg — “Church members'’
fift-Chi. and Japan 25 00
Neiv-Otleans — Christ Ch. S. S.,
for ed. of child in Chi. 25 00
“ St. Paul’s, for edn. of tea-
cher in Af. $150 14 ;
for ed. of a boy, Af.
$69 86 ...220 00
“ St. Peter's, from a lady 5 00
Thebodeaux— St.John’s 26 32
West Baton Rou^e-Bayous Par.
J. L. Lobdell, towards
outfit of Missionaries to
Chi 50 00
Miscellaneous — From “ Mary
Kate on her second birth-
day,” for Cni 2 00 32S 32
Cleveland — From “a colored
layman” 1 00
Cincinnati — Christ Ch. S. S. for
edn. of a child, at Cape
Palmas Orphan Asylum.. 75 00
Cincinnati — St. John’s S. Se. .$300 00
“ From Bp. Mcllvaine and
family towards outfit,
&c., of ten Missiona-
ries to Chi 50 00
Cross Creek — St. James' 7 L0
Delaware — St. Peter’s S. S. for
Chi 9 00
Granville — From Rev. J. L. Bry-
an, towards outfit of Mis-
sionaries to chi 2 00
Huron — Christ Ch 2 00
Lancaster — St. John’s S. S. for
Japan 18 00
Medina — St. Paul's, from M. J.
H. Hews, for Af 3 00
New-Castle — Missionary Sta-
tion for Chi. Af. and Jap. 7 18
Perry — St. Matthew’s for Chi.
Af.. and Japan 5 20
Portsmouth — All Saints, S. S.,
Chicago — Ascension 10 00
Columbia — St. Peter’s, for Chi. 4 00
Dexter — St. James 9 00
Grand Rapids — St. Mark's for
Af 10 00
Kalamazoo — St. Luke’s S. S... 7 00
Marshall—' Trinity ^ 21 53
Monroe — Trinity, from Col. R.
B. Smith, for outfit of
Missionaries to Chi.. .. .. 5 00 52 53
Madison— Christ Ch. $15 ; S. S.
$20 35 00
Richmond — From a “ Friend”.. 2 50 37 50
Sharpsburg — St. Jude’s 13 80
St. Louis — St. George’s S. S., for
edn. of Stephen Ga sa-
way. Chi.. $25 ; Thomas
Howell, Af., $20 45 00
“ From E. S. toward outfit
Missionaries 1 00 59 80
Sacramento — Grace, for Af. ... 30 00
Neiv-York — N. Y. Bequest of
Miss Mary M. Maynard 10^0 00
Maryland - Baltimme beque.vt
of Mrs. Ann Neilson... 212 97
Virginia — Antrim Par. H ali-
fax Co. Bequest of Mrs.
E. Bruce 50 00 1292 97
$1 ’,388 18
Amount previously acknowledged.. .57,024 38
Total since October 1st, 1858 $73,417 56
Pnnceton Theological Seminary-Speer Library