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THREE MILITARY DIARIES 



BY THE SAME AUTHOR. 



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THREE 

MILITARY DIARIES 



KEPT BY GROTON SOLDIERS 
IN DIFFERENT WARS 



miit\) Kntrotmctions 



SAMUEL A. GREEN 



GROTON, MASS. 
1901 



.(^'\Q:%%} 



?anibcrsitg iSvcss: 
John Wilson and Son, Cambridge, U.S.A. 



^ 3^\3 



«>\ 



;:> 



TO 

2r!)e fflnnorg 

OF 

THE GROTON SOLDIERS 

WHO LOST THEIR LIVES IN THE WAR OF THE REBELLION, 
AND TO THE VALOR OF THEIR SURVIVING COMRADES, 

THESE PAGES ARE INSCRIBED 



Preface 



TN this volume are printed the Diaries of three Groton sol- 
diers, who served in different wars. They have already 
been published in the Proceedings of the Massachusetts 
Historical Society, but now for the first time they are 
brought together. 

The first Diary was kept by Lieutenant Dudley Bradstreet 
at the siege of Louisburg, during King George's War; the 
second by Sergeant David Holden, during the latter part 
of the French and Indian War; and the third by Amos 
Farnsworth, during the early part of the Revolutionary 
War. 

From time to time in these pages interesting facts crop 
out, which illustrate miHtary customs at different periods 
of time, such as modes of punishment in the army, and 
manner of life in camp and on the march, etc. Some of 
these customs are so trifling in their character that they 
have escaped record in the more formal histories of cam- 
paigns. In the lapse of years they either have been for- 
gotten or by gradual changes have been lost ; and they can 
be traced best by contemporaneous narratives, such as are 
found in these Diaries. 



viii Preface 

The writers were plain men leading quiet lives in a rural 
neighborhood. At home they were farmers, but when their 
country needed their services, they were soldiers. Men of 
this class made up the yeomanry of New England who 
kept alive the religious and political principles brought to 
these shores by the Pilgrims and the Puritans. Austere 
in their belief, they practised those homely virtues which 
lie at the base of all civiHzation ; and we of to-day owe much 
to their memory and example. 

March i6, 1901. 



DIARY 

KEPT BY 

LIEUT. DUDLEY BRADSTREET, 

OF GROTON, MASS., 

DURING THE SIEGE OF LOUISBURG, 

April, 1745 — January, 1746. 



First printed in the 

PROCEEDINGS OF THE MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

June 10, 1897. 



Dudley Bradstreet's Diary 



THE following Diary, kept by a soldier during the first 
siege of Louisburg, gives many interesting episodes of 
that eventful period. It begins on April 22, 1745, and ends 
on January 17, 1746. Unfortunately the writer's name does 
not appear anywhere in its pages, but the authorship is learned 
both from family tradition and internal evidence. For several 
generations the Diary has been in the keeping of the Kemp 
family, of Gorham, Maine; and among the various members 
it has been believed generally that the author was Dudley 
Bradstreet, whose daughter Mary married an ancestor, Eben- 
ezer Kemp, and through this channel it is supposed that the 
Diary came into their possession. On page 6 is written in 
an old hand " Mary Kemp her Book," which seems to bear 
out this supposition; and the same name appears also in 
another place. 

The .little book in which the journal was kept now con- 
tains eighty-eight pages, and was made probably by folding 
sheets of folio writing-paper twice, and then stitching them 
together through the back; and this supposition is borne 
out by the water-mark, which is not the same on each half- 
sheet. It is interesting to note the fact that similar paper 
with the same water-marks is found scattered through the 
manuscripts among the Pepperrell Papers and Belknap Papers 
relating to the siege of Louisburg now in the possession of 
the Massachusetts Historical Society. The outer fold (4 
pages), which made a leaf at the beginning and end of the 



4 Dudley Bradstreet's Diary 

book, is gone; and presumably the name of the diarist was 
written on the missing page. Another fold near the middle is 
also gone, and the gap is found between the entry of Wednes- 
day, June 5, and that of June 20. The first leaf of this miss- 
ing fold contained the record of June 5 (in part), 6, 7, and 8 
(in part) ; and the corresponding leaf contained that of June 
18 and 19. According to this statement the book had ori- 
ginally 96 pages, and was made from six full sheets of blank 
paper. 

Of Dudley Bradstreet, the diarist, but little is known. He 
was the second son of the Reverend Dudley and Mary (Wain- 
wright) Bradstreet, of Groton, where he was born on March 
12, 1707-8. His father was the settled minister of the town 
from the year 1706 to 171 2, when he was dismissed from his 
pastoral charge, which had not been entirely harmonious with 
the parish; and soon afterward he went to England to apply 
for orders in the Anglican church. On April 28, 1727, Dudley 
Bradstreet, the son, was married to Abigail Lakin ; and they 
had six children, namely: Abigail, born on June 27, 1728, 
and died probably in November, 1745, while her father was 
at Louisburg; Mary, born on August 7, 1730, and married 
Ebenezer Kemp; Ann, born on May 18, 1735, married Samuel 
Hobart,^ on March 26, 1755, and died at Hollis, New Hamp- 
shire, on May 20, 1773; Lucy, born on April 8, 1738, and 
married Jonathan Pratt, on F"ebruary 26, 1756; Sarah, born 
on September 26, 1740; and Hannah, born on August 13, 
1743. From the fact that all these children were girls, it is 
easy to see why the name of Bradstreet disappeared from the 
annals of Groton, as at that period the father was the only 
male representative of the family in town. 

From internal evidence it is clear that the writer was a 
Groton soldier, and a member of Captain John Warner's 
company in the Fourth Massachusetts Regiment (Colonel 

1 At a later period Samuel Hobart, a native of Groton, removed to Hollis, 
and afterward to Exeter, N. H., where during the Revolution he was engaged in 
the manufacture of powder for the army. 



Dudley Bradstreet's Diary 5 

Samuel Willard) ; and from contemporary records it is known 
that Dudley Bradstreet was an officer in this company. From 
time to time he mentions various Groton men who were then 
serving in the army, and, under date of December 6, he 
alludes to Samuel Shead, a recent arrival at Louisburg, who 
within a short time had seen his wife at Groton ; and through 
him he heard from his whole family. Captain Warner was a 
resident of Lancaster, and presumably his company was 
made up of soldiers belonging there and in Groton and 
neighborhood. 

In "The New-England Historical & Genealogical Regis- 
ter" (XXIV. 371) for October, 1870, it is said that Dudley 
Bradstreet was commissioned at Louisburg by Governor Shir- 
ley, as Second Lieutenant, on October 2, 1745; and before 
this time it is likely that he was holding a lower rank, per- 
haps that of Ensign. There is some reason to think that he 
was serving in the Commissary department, perhaps as a 
non-commissioned officer, as, on May 4, he gave a receipt 
for two barrels of bread and one barrel of pork; and, on July 
18, he delivered to each mess six days' allowance of meat, 
etc. There are several other entries in the Diary, which 
bear out the same supposition. This theory would explain 
why on various occasions he was placed in command of small 
squads of men, and furthermore would account for his social 
intercourse with other officers. While the compiler of the 
article in the Register gives no authority for his statement 
in regard to Bradstreet's commission, doubtless it is based 
on a letter found among the Pepperrell Papers (I. 319) in 
the library of the Historical Society, of which the following 
is a copy : — 

To 

His Exelency Wi' Shirley, Esq^ 

This is to inform your Exelency That my Regiment is not 

Settled so as to be in any Capassity of doing their duty, as they 

aught to do — and it is by Reason of >•= Companys being Very 

much Broke : and in order for the Settlement of the Companys In 



6 Dudley Bradstreet's Diary 

my Regiment, and for the Peace and Quietness of tlie Soldiers : I 
shall take it as a Grate Favour Done to me : if your Exelency would 
See Cause To Commitionate Those Gentleman Hereafter Name': 
John Huston, 

James Fry John Fry Nath" Pettengill To be the officers over the 
men that belong' To Lev'= Coll" Chandlers Company & Cap*- James 
Stevenss Compi Joni Hubard Benejah Austin & Elisha Strong To 
be the officers over the men belonging To Maj' Pomroys Comp- & 
Cap' Millers — Ephariam Hayward and John Bell & Dudley Brad- 
street To be The officers over the men that are Left of Cap* War- 
ners Comp- & Cap: Omsteds 
In So Doing you will Oblige you most obediant and Humble Servant 

Saim'-^ Willard 

LOVISBOURGE, Octc the 2day 1745 

LOUISBOURG 2: OctO- I745 

We the Subscribers the Officers to the four Companys within men- 
tion'd humbly proposed to Your Excellency by Col° Samuel Willard 
for the settlemf thereof ; untill the Spring ensueing, or the first of 
May next desire the favour of your Excellency that we with our 
respective Companys may be joyned to the Regiment of Brigadier 
Generall Waldo ; and that your Excellency orders or Commissions 
may Issue accordingly, 

Jn- Huston 
James Fry 
Jon'^ Hubbard 
Ephraim Hayward 
To His Excellency William Shirley Esq^ 
Captain Generall of His Majesties Forces 
att Louisbourg, &c? 

Cap- Fry fr*? y*-' 12':" July has done the Duty of a Captain to 2 

Companys 
Cap' Hayward fr" d? 

[Indorsed] Sam" Willards Petition 

The following extract, taken from Benjamin H. Hall's 
" History of Eastern Vermont " (p. -^y), throws a little light 
on Lieutenant Bradstreet's later career, though 1 cannot find 



Dudley Bradstreet's Diary 7 

the writer's authority for his statements. A long search 
among the Massachusetts Archives at the State House fails 
to reveal it; but Mr. Hall, doubtless, had access to other 
papers, which gave him the facts as mentioned in the quoted 
paragraph. 

More effectual measures for the defence of the country were taken 
at the beginning of the year 1747, than had been adopted for some 
time previous. On the 17th of March, Governor Shirley presented 
to the General Court a message relative to the state of Fort Dum- 
mer, and the importance of its position, and advised that it should 
be garrisoned with a larger force than was ordinarily stationed there. 
That body having voted in accordance with this recommendation, 
Brigadier-Gen. Joseph Dwight, by order of the governor, requested 
Lieut. Dudley Bradstreet to take the command of forty men, and 
with them garrison Fort Dummer, in place of the guard then sta- 
tioned there. The request was obeyed, and the fort with its stores 
was, on the 15th of April, delivered by Col. Josiah Willard into the 
hands of his successor. Bradstreet retained the charge of the fort 
for five months, at the end of which time it was again placed in the 
care of its former commander. 

Near the end of July, 1748, Dudley Bradstreet belonged to 
a company of thirty-six men that for two days scouted in the 
neighborhood of Groton, under the command of Captain 
Thomas Tarbell. They were sent out by Major William 
Lawrence, of Groton, under orders from Colonel Samuel 
Willard, of Lancaster, during an Indian alarm. (Massa- 
chusetts Archives, XCH. 156.) This is the last trace of 
Lieutenant Bradstreet that I am able to find. Neither the 
town records nor the files of the Middlesex Registry of Pro- 
bate give any hint or clew as to his later history ; and the 
epitaphs in the Burying-ground are equally silent. He dis- 
appears from view so completely that he may have died soon 
afterward. In the church-records, between August 16, 1771, 
and September 9, 1774, there are allusions to a "Widow 
Bradstreet," probably his widow. (See Groton Historical 
Series, IV. 12, 13.^ 



8 Dudley Bradstreet's Diary 

Jonathan Hubbard, of Groton, was Adjutant of Colonel 
Willard's regiment, and he is mentioned several times in the 
Diary under the name of Hobart. These two surnames are 
often used interchangeably in the early Groton records ; and 
in Mr. Butler's History (page 409) he is called " Lieut. 
Jonathan Hubbard," and in " The New-England Historical 
& Genealogical Register" (XXV. 259) for July, 1871, the 
same form is found, which agrees with his own signature. 
Probably the pronunciation of the two words was nearly 
identical. In Colonel Willard's letter just given, the name is 
written " Hubard," showing a want of uniformity in spelling 
which was common in those days. 

According to an entry in Joseph Farwell's note-book, 
printed in the first volume (No. XIV. p. 29) of the Groton 
Historical Series, the Groton soldiers who took part in the 
siege of Louisburg left town on March 10, 1745 ; and this 
squad of men, doubtless, included Lieutenant Bradstreet 
within its ranks. His regiment sailed from Boston on March 
24, a fortnight later, and landed on April 30, at Chapeau 
Rouge Bay, known to the English as Gabarus Bay. 

For the use of this Diary I am indebted to the courtesy of 
Miss Sarah Colburn Kemp, a native of Gorham, Maine, but 
now a resident of Manchester, New Hampshire, who is a 
descendant in the fifth generation from the writer. Her an- 
cestor Ebenezer Kemp, of Groton, was married about the year 
1748 to Mary, eldest surviving daughter of Lieutenant Brad- 
street; and they had nine children, of whom a son was named 
Dudley Bradstreet. Their eldest child, Ebenezer, Jr., was 
married on August 31, 1773, to Relief Phillips, of Groton; 
and they had seven children. Soon after the Revolution this 
son removed to Gorham, where he died in the year 1833 ; and 
members of the family still continue to live in that town. 
David Kemp, their sixth child, was married to Anna Hum- 
phrey; and they had five children, of whom Willis Bradstreet 
Kemp, the eldest son, was the father of the lady, whose kind- 
ness I wish to acknowledfre. 



Dudley Bradstreet's Diary 9 

The Diary is written in a clear and distinct hand, and shows 
that the author had received a better education than the aver- 
age yeoman of that period, which is not surprising, as he was 
a lineal descendant of Governor Simon Bradstreet. The ink 
on the first page is so faded that the manuscript for the most 
part is illegible, and only here and there can words be made 
out, — though among such are the names Jacob Nutt[ing], 
Peletia Bourn, and John Parker, — but on the last page it is 
still good. Perhaps moisture or an exposure to sunlight has 
wrought the change, or possibly another kind of ink was used. 
On this account the printed copy begins with the second page 
of the journal ; and it opens at the time when Pepperrell's 
forces were lying at anchor in the Gut of Canso, a place pre- 
viously arranged by Governor Shirley as a rendezvous for the 
fleet. 

For other similar journals relating to the siege of Louis- 
burg, see " Collections of the Connecticut Historical Society " 
(I. 131-161); " Historical Collections of the Essex Institute" 
(VI. 181-194) for October, 1864; *' The New-England His- 
torical & Genealogical Register" (XXVII. 153-160) for 
April, 1873; and "The Journal of Captain William Pote, Jr., 
during his Captivity in the French and Indian War, from 
May, 1745, to August, 1747" (New York, 1896). Among the 
Parkman Papers belonging to the Massachusetts Historical 
Society is a manuscript journal (i 745-1 748) kept by the Rev- 
erend Stephen Williams (H. C. 1713), first minister of Long- 
meadow, who was a chaplain in the Louisburg expedition, and 
is mentioned several times in the following Diary. See also 
'• A Letter from William Shirley, Esq ; Governor of Massa- 
chusett's Bay, to his Grace the Duke of Newcastle : with a 
Journal of the siege of Louisburg," etc. (London, 1746; 
Boston, reprinted), which is in the nature of an official report 
on the military operations. 

The Maine Historical Society has a type-written copy of 
a journal kept by Colonel John Storer, of Wells, Maine, an 
officer in the expedition against Louisburg, which gives some 



lo Dudley Bradstreet's Diary 

entries in regard to preliminary matters connected with the 
siege. It begins at Wells, on March 8, 1745, and ends ab- 
ruptly at Louisburg, on April 30. The diary was printed first 
in the Lewiston Journal in the year 1854, though all trace 
of the original manuscript now is lost. A copy has recently 
been made from the newspaper by the Honorable Joseph 
Williamson, of Belfast, Maine, and by him given to the 
Historical Society at Portland. 

The expedition against Louisburg, all tilings considered, is 
one of the most remarkable campaigns in modern history. 
The plan was organized by civilians and successfully carried 
out by men of little military experience. The army was 
made up largely of raw recruits, but what they lacked in dis- 
cipline and technical knowledge was offset by their will and 
determination. It was to a great extent a religious crusade 
against a foe who believed in a different creed. Louisburg 
was the strongest fortified position on the continent, and was 
defended by a strong force ; yet circumstances so conspired 
that it fell before an army of undisciplined militia. 



;.//. 



Diary 



\_Ap7-il 22, 1745.] About 6 aClock in the aftnoone there Came 
in a Sloop Major Hodge on Board Came out of Boston with us But 
not haveing a good Pilate Suffered verry much att Sea 
att night Came Orders for Cap' Warner to go on Board of Col" Rich- 
monds Vessel to Consult Expecting to Sail on the morrow for Cape 
Breton 

[2]3 The man of war with other Vessels went in Expectation to 
find Comodore Warrin Commodore Warrin Came in Sight with 
Three men of war with him Sent Some men in with Letters 
Came in Two Scooners with a Small french Sloop : One of the 
Scooners Chasd a Small Sloop and She run aground and our men 
went on Board and the french and Indians from yf' Land fird upon 
them and Wounded Several of our men one in the forehead One in 
the arm One in the thigh One of y? Scooners Landed her men and 
Burned Three houses y! Belonged to the french One of which a 
verry fine house : But Took no Plunder Being in a Hurry 
Wrote Letters home 

Reel' Orders To Sail att Two of the Clock in the morning Sent 
twenty She Lin ^ To Col " Willard Sealed up in a Letter which were 
Delivd he Thakfully Rec'' them 

24 Connecticut fleet Came in and Brought News y' they Saw a 
Sloop One of their Company w'.'' mounted 16 Carriage guns : in an 
Ingagement with a french Ship which we Expect is the man of war 
y! our Privateers Ingaged with on y'^^ i8'l' Instant But they had fird 
Several Broad sides Our Sloop Strove to get away But it is to be 
fear'd They are Taken &c att night went on Board of Major 
Guilman 

^ Shillings are here meant,, but why the diarist saw fit to use this expression 
it is not easy to conjecture. In another place (December 27) he writes the word 
oil I correctly. 



12 Dudley Bradstreet's Diary 

25'-^ Clouudy and Rained Some in the morning A Snow Came 
in &c whicli Was a Privateer from Rhoad Island She Came from 
Luisbourgh Harbour and Brought News that yf Ice is all gone. Be- 
fore noone Came in the before mentioned Sloop She is a privateer 
Sloop and Informs us That She Got away from y? french man By 
Turning To windward and that french Vessel had four Broad Sides 
att her But Did them no Damage Excepting Cutting their jib 
Halliards Before Came in y^ Perscattua Privatteers from S: Peters. 
They fird Several Shots att the fort and Several Shots Through a 
house and Saw the woman and Children run out of their Houses 
the Rev;' [M]' Baulch ^ Din'd with us 

26- Rain'd all Day att Times The Commodore Rouse with 
Two Privateers went out Commodores Boatswain Bury'd Cap' 
Dudley with Divers Other Gen'. Din'd with us : Cap! Swan Came in 
and Inform'd us that he was On Board of Comodore Warrin and y' 
the Commodore had Three french Vessels in Toe &c Likewise y? 
s'.' Comodore Warrin Had Lost Seven of his men att margarets Bay 
he apprehends the Indians have kill'd or Taken them We heard 
Comissary Prout Being on Shore went from his men Two Days ago 
and they was afraid y;= Indians had Taken him But his men this 
Day found him : and he Being so far Spent haveing no Susti- 
nance that he Could not Speak But after he had Taken Something 
was able To Travel & is got on Board This Day we killd our 
hogg 

27* Aj>r'. 1745 Rainy weather a man was Bury'd but I know 
not who he was. Sent for y? Docl To Some Sick People after 
Dinner he w'." Other Gen'" Came and y? Cap! with Several of us 
went on Board Col" Willard and when on Board ReC' Orders To go 
on Shoar w"' the whol Company which we did and Divers Other 
Companys and Immediately after we were Imbody'd Rec!' Orders 
To go on Board allso Rec!' Orders To Carry y? first Orders we 
Rec? after we Came to Canso To y" Gen' which Cap! Warner Per- 
formd att night went on Board Major Guilman and Rec!' Pay for 
a Quarter of Pork we Sold to his Lieu! Rec:' for y!= same = 8 = 3 

Aj>"y:28']' Sunday. Cloudy misty and foggy weather in the 
morning heard a Great Gun out att the Harbour : went To meeting 
on Board Col? Willard the Rev'.' mf Baulch Preached from 2 Tim- 

1 Thomas Balch (II. C. 1733), minister of the Second Parish in iJedhaui, now 
Norwood. 



Dudley Bradstreet's Diary i 3 

othy first Chapf and y."' first Clause in y? i8 or Last Verse. The 
121 Psalm was Sung nV. Crocker preacht on Buring Island after 
Came On Board Rec^' Orders For Cap* Warner to go on Board 
Col? Richmond att 3 of y? Clock and Carry the orders he Rec'' Apl 
yf 19'.'' which Cap! Warner Perform'd 

In y? afternoone Cap! Warner was att meeting On Board Col'.' Rich- 
mond and heard the Rev'' m!^ \Varlter ^ The Lieu! and I w'l' Some 
Others went on Board Col" Chandler and heard the Rev'' m' Baulch 
from Mathew VIII 21 & 22!' Versres Sung first y!" 2 first Staves & 
I in y? 34 Psalm and ^ Stave in Doc! Wats's hyms Ml" Newmarch ^ 
Preacht in yf afternoone on Burying Island from i Kings 20 Chap 
& II Verse 

The Perscatua Privateer Lying near us our People heard the Text 
which was from Acts 3 & 9'i' 

29'!' Came To Sail for Cape Breton about 6 in y? morning wind 
att N W 100 and Odd Sail in Company: a Brisk Gale a While 
and then Calm till about Sunset and Then y? wind freshend up. 
Spy'd Several Whale &c Looks Like Settled weather: The wind 
in yf Evening att N N W Took up a Letter floating 

30'!' about 10 Clock Came To anchor in Chappeau Rouge Bay 
and Ordered To Land yl" men as Quick as Possable: But in y: morn- 
ing as Soone as they Spy'd our fleet y-^ fir'd att all their Batterys 
Imediately on Anchoring Landed But before we Landed Saw an 
army Sally out of yf Town in order To Defeat us in Landing but 
our Privateers Play'd with Great Guns But our men y! first got on 
shore killd four frenchmen one a Lieu! and Took Captive One Col? 
& a Cap! & Three of our men wounded y? money &c Comitted to 
Cap! [David] melvin Left five men on Board : and this Day killd 
and Took Captive that we know off 17 frenchmen Three of our 
men wounded But None killd y! we know off Took five Cows killd 
Three of them 

May y". i! 1745 Breckfasted on milk where we Lay which was 
within Two miles of y?' Citty of Louisburgh 
Last night about Sunset I went on The Top of y*" hill where we fird 

1 Nathaniel Walter (H. C. 1729), minister of the Second Parish in Roxbury, 
and chaplain of the Second Massachusetts Regiment. 

2 Probably John Newmarch (H. C. 1690), minister of Kittery, Maine, though 
I find no record that he served in the Louisburg expedition. Sir William Pep- 
perrell was a member of his church. 



14 Dudley Bradstreet's Diary 

about 14 Shots att y'' french and they fird from y? Citty Battery att 
us the Shot flew over our heads They fird Several Guns in y? Night 
Last night our watch Last night killd Several French men and 
Took Some Captive They Burned Several of their owne houses 

May y. \\ 1745 Several Horses killd By our men and Some Took 
alive a Great Number of Cattle killd and Taken by our men: The 
Genl Came on Shore a Number of French Taken If^ our men 

Some of our men went into an house and Plundred yP Same This 
Day The french Sunk Several of their owne Vessels and Burnt 
Some Their Boats Continually Passing as we Think To Carry off 
their Treasures : in yP afternoone an army of our men of about 500 
vi^ent into y? woods 17 of our Company went with them Plundred 
Several houses: I Saw a french men Ly Dead y\ was killd "^ our 
watch Last night 

May y^ 2'' Our Army Returnd that went out yesterday with the 
following Success they went To a Village at yf head of a Cove & 
Burnt all yP Dwelling Honses & Waer Houses and a Vast Deal of 
Treasure Some Treasure they Brought home Took Two french 
men Several french men Taken this Day and Two french women 
and a Verry Handsom Child about 12 months old Several horses 
Taken This Day Took yP Grand Battery The french had Remov'd 
and Stopt all yP Tutchholes of their great guns and Cast their Pow- 
der into the water The Enemy in y": Town and Island Battery kept 
Throwing their Bums att our People in yP Grand Battery Surpriz'd 
in yP night By Several Shots in the night which we Supposed were 
from yP Enemy Imbody'd & Drawd up near The Generals Tent 
Rec'.' Orders To Remove about a mile further off from yP Town Least 
we Should be Distroy'd by Bums or Shots out of The Town before 
night we Removed & Incamped between The Gen! and Col° Willards 
Camps in y': Night Surprizd by Several guns That was Shot att one 
of our Centrys and four Bullet holes mades in his Blankit 

Afay The 3'.' 1745 Several french men Taken Our men Put One 
of the Cannon in yP Grand Battery To Play and fird Several Shots 
att yP Citty walls yP Enemy keep Continually Fireing with their 
Cannon Morter P- &c: from yP Citty & Island Battery Our men 
keep Continually Plundering Several Horses Cows &c Brought in 

The morter p- Carriages &c Carry'd this Day and Planted against 
the Citty we are Informd that Comod^ Warrin has Taken Two 
Storeships we are Informd y* One of our men fell on yP Rocks and 



Dudley Bradstreet's Diary 15 

was kill'd in the after noone those of our men y\ were fixing y? Bat- 
tery for our morter p- were Surprize! by the Enemys Sallying out of 
y? Town when the News Came about 500 of us marcht To y" Re- 
leif of our men and when we Came The Enemy had Retreated 

about I of the Clock at night Col? Willard Came To our Camp 
and Orderd us To Send 10 men with an officer To join w'!' others in 
Guarding yf Artillery Serg^ Goodfrey & others sent we hear y^ old 
[Captain] morepang is in yf woods w"' a Guard of Thirty men & he 
is wounded 

May y. 4'^ Ordered To muster on yP hill at 8 o'clock in yf morn- 
inp- mustered w'l' vf whole Batalian Ordered Cap' Warner To Take 
6 men out of every Company in Col.' Willards Regim^ To Guard y? 
People Sent To Carry Powdr to yf Grand Battery 6 of our Com- 
pany Ordered To go To yf Guard of yf Artillery in the afternoone 

Our men from the Grand Battery fir'd 92 od Cannon and the En- 
emy in the meane Time fir'd Two Bums about yf middle of yf after- 
noone Our morter V'^^ Began To Play flung Sume Bums into yf 
Citty One french man Taken this Day not One of our men killd 
that' I know off Several more Captives Taken fird from the Grand 
Battery this Day 91 in y^: night 15 of our men Sent To The Artil- 
liry I gave a Receipt for 2 barrels Bread & one of pork 

may y' 5'^ Sunday I with 5 more went To the Artillery To yf 
Releif of our men while I was there our men fird Several 
Bums 2 went Direct into yf Citty The Enemy fird att us But did not 
hurt any of us Our men from y": Grand Battery Began before night 
to fire To the Citty yf Erfey from yf Island Battery flung their Bums 
But they Cheifly Broke in the air : one of yf Cannon in our Battery 
Broke and wounded yf Gunner and 4 men more Several Captives 
Taken this Day They Inform us That morepang headed the army 
y* Came against us at Landing and was Shot Thro' yf Thigh and 
Thirty men Took into yf woods and Tarry'd with him Till he Died 
I But he is not Dead yet {These last six words were added afterward.'] 

One of yf Gen'" men Died who went into an house To plunder 
and killd himself with Drink Eleven Captives Taken Some men 
Some women Two frenchmen killd Our men Came upon them 
in the woods where they had Carryd their Goods out of yf Citty 
our men Inform us that their is goods Sufficient To Load 2 Vessels 
Besides Two Bags of gold They Left above 20 men To Guard the 
Goods andf 



1 6 Dudley Bradstreet's Diary 

may f. 6"" In yf morning mustered & Sent 15 men To y? Artil- 
lery N B when we Saild from Canso part of our fleet went To S' 
peters & S' Johns Last Night they Came To us & Informd us that 
they had Taken S- Peters The People Cheifly fled and made their 
Escape the Rest they Took Captive They Loaded all their Vessels 
and Then Burned the Buildings and they Burn'd 1000 Bushels of 
wheat in One house Cap! Jaquis was Killd & one more. The man 
that was wounded the 23? of Ap! Dead. Several french killd att 
S'- Peters 

\Four lines in the Diary here crossed out.'] 

Several Captives Taken &c we heard Several Guns in y.'^ Town 
Jfay y": 7'!' in the morning news Came To yf Camps y\ y? Enemy 

had Issued out of yf Town yf Army Rallyd but when we Came y? 

Enemy had Retreated when we Returned I went To y': Comissary 

c Q lb 

Winslow and got One hogshead of Bread weighed 3-2 . o 
One Barrel of pork 
I gave a Receipt for yf Same in yf afternoone I went w'l' Some 
Others To yf Head of yf Bay on Board our Transport : This Day 
we Sent a Flag of Truce But the Enemy Refuse Delivering yf Citty 
but by the Point of yf Sword The Cannon Bums Cohorns &c Con- 
tinually Roaring on Boath Sides Women and Children heard to 
Screach and Cry out in yf Citty when our Bums Came amongst 
them Yesterday Comodore Warrin Came on Shore and offer'd us 
600 men well Disciplind To Join us in Scaleing yf walls : he was 
Pleasd To tell us y' yf Day we Entred the Citty of Luisburgh he 

£ £ 

would Expend on yf Land army 500 and on yf' Sea forces 500 more 
out of his owne Estate : Took a Small Town and 25 french Captives : 

Cap: Warner Taken Sick 

8"' Wrote home mustered in the Forenoone Two of our men 
Listed To go att night To help Take yf Island Battery I gave a 
Receipt to Mr Winslow for 6 gallons of Rhum 

9*1" in yf afternoone yf Enemy Came out of y^ Citty and Ingaged 
with our men wounded Three of our men But our men Proved 
too hard for the Enemy and I3rove them into y!= Citty 

Jlfayy'g^]' 1745 Sergl Willson and I went into Several houses: 
the Cannon Bums & Cohorns Continually Roaring on Both Sides 

Three of our men wounded att yf Green hill By a Cannon Ball 
One mans Leg Broke by an Axidental Shot in the afternoone Beat 



Dudley Bradstreet's Diary 17 

To arms in Order To Scale y? Citty Walls : The army mustered Rut 
fearing the Enemy was Sensable of the Attack : Did not Proceed : 

the Three of our men that was wound^ with a Cannon Ball One 
Both Legs Cut of One Lost p! of thigh Leg and all One Lost one 
Arm y': man yl Lost Both Legs Died in a Short Time One man 
wounded by his Serg! Axidentally 6 inches of the main Bone of 
his Leg Carry'd away it is Thought by the Doctor he will not Re- 
cover. One of our Company viz' Ephraim Proctor had his Gun Cut 
in Two by a Cannon Ball : The Cannons &c Roaring all Day 

May y': lo'.'' 1745 In y^' morning I went To Commissary Winslow 
and gave a Receipt for 5:^ gallons Rum. Last night 19 of our 
men Killd by the Lidians Twenty five french Captives Brought in 
this Day by our men Some men Some Women Some Children The 
Cannon Roaring all Day the Cheif of y^ Bums fird by the Enemy 
this Day Broke in the Air. 

N B there was 21 or 22 killd Eleven of them was Taken and 
after was killd Scalped and Chopt and Stab'd & Prodigiously 
mangled our men Bury'd yf Bodys of 17 

JlfayyiiV^ 1745 a Verry Cold night Last Night Snow'd This 
Day Exceeding Cold Snow'd Some I Gave Commissary Winslow 
a Receipt for 6 gallons of Rhum and One Bushel of peas Seventeen 
of y? men killd yesterday Buried To Day Two Villages Burnt "4 
our men with all yf Goods &c: 

May f. 12'^ Sunday: Somewhat Cold and windy: in yf after- 
noone went To meeting heard yf Rev^' M! Baulch from these words 
& thou art weigh'd in yf Ballances & found wanting we were Ex- 
horted to be alhvays Ready allways To have acc'.^ even the Bums 
Cannons &c Continually Roaring night and Day 

13'.'' monday: Two Guns att y'' FaSheene [Fascine] Battery Burst 
five men wound.' one his Leg Carry'd away &c : I was Taken w'!' 
Fever and flux a french Snow Came in above 100 Cannon fird in 
ab! half an hour 

14 Tuesday Not any Thing Remark'.' The Cannon Continually 
Roaring a Verry Cold Boisterous Day 

15 Wensday above 300 Cannon fird one man wounded by a 
Bum One of our Cannon allmost spoilt by a Cannon Ball sent "^ 
yf En?" and Struck her in yf muzzle, one man killd Cap' Hale of 
Newbury Dead Occasioned by a wound Rec'' by a Bum 

16 IVuirsday The Cannon &c Continually Roaring Reuiov'd our 



I 8 Dudley Bradstreet's Diary 

Tent about ^ mile nearer y^ Citty Remov'd Sever' of our men To 
y^ Hospital Isaac Kent Jon? Lakin^ cS: Stephen Barron "^ Came on 
Shore y? man Died y' was wounded w'l' a Bum Serg! Woods Put 
in Irons and Confind all nigt I Took working Phuysick 

17 Fryday we had about 50 men Building a Battery near yf Light 
house and 100 french Came upon them and killd one of C0I-' Gore- 
hams Indians our men Boldly fac'd them and wounded their Cap! 
and Took him they Crossed yP water in y1 night But our men got 
their Canoes and keep yf Ground Several Reci' Letters from their 
wives but I Think I Did not Receive any 

18 Saturday. The fasheene [fascine] Batt'' near viz' within 40 
Rods of y*: west Gate and Divers 42 pound? w'.*" were brought from 
the Grand Battt mounted f. Began to Play Beat Down y": Gate 
and Draw Bridge our men get under y": walls & when ever y*: Enemy 
Look over they fire them Down : Cap! Peirce ^ killd this Day by a 
Cannon Ball Thr- his Bowels he Livd a Qur of an hour and then 
Died his Death is Greately Lamented Severel 5 killd this Day I 
had y': fever all Day 

We have Thirty Sick in our Com^ 

19 Sabbath Above 500 Cannon fird this Day Several men killd 
Several wound! Some killd by Splitting of a Cannon Some Burnt 
Badly by a barrel of Powders Catching fire. 

in y^ after noone a french man of war Appeard a 64 gun Ship Como- 
dore Warrin with his Ships went out and met her they were heard 
by us To fight y*: Bigger part of y"' night we Saw the first of it 
a Bad fever all Day 

20'.'' Nothing Remarkable but y*: Seige Still Continues : I had an 
Exceeding ill Day 

21 Cap! Tyng Came in and Brought the JoyfuU Tydings that y": 
Comodore had Taken the french man of war without y": Loss of a 
man : and that the Coinodore had fitted her out and they were in 
Pursuit of y" Rest of the French fleet : Some French and Indians 

1 Jonathan Lakin was a Groton soldier, born on April 28, 1719, and a kins- 
man of Lieutenant Bradstreet through his wife, who was a Lakin. He died at 
Louisburg on September i, 1745, where the diarist watched with him to the last. 

2 Stephen Barron also was a Groton soldier, and is mentioned several times 
in these pages. 

8 Joshua Pierce, the senior captain of the Fourth Massachusetts Regiment, in 
which Lieutenant Bradstreet was serving. 



Dudley Bradstreet's Diary 19 

Spy'd Driving of Cattle our men are gone in Pursuit Some of our 
men Came in with Ten French Captives and they Inform us that y- 
Enemy had Dugg up the Bodys of y^ 17 persons Bury'd the Tenth of 
this Instant and Burnt them : Towards Night Notice being given 
their was Three Huzzas att y"; Gen! Tent Three att each of y*: 
fashines Three att y^" Grand Battery and Comodore Warrin att yf 
Same Time Came in the Prize man of war into the mouth of Louis- 
burg Harbur under french Colours and then Hoisted English Col- 
ours above y? french and gave Three Huzzas 

22 This Day Serg! James Carley Died and a 60 gun Ship Came 
in and jion'd our fleet w'^.'' was verry Rejoycing 

The man of war Taken yf 21 instant had 4 months Provision for 
yf Citty of Louisburg 300 Souldiers 1000 Barrels of Powd' 20 Brass 
Cannon Rigging for a 70 gun Ship that is Building att Canady and 
Ord" were when ever their forces were got Together To Settle Canso 
and then Take Port Royal and Drive y": Eastward Parts as far as 
Perscatua 

23"? This Day The Cap! and I were So well we went as far as 
Col- Mooers and Cap! Easmans 
It is Thought y the Cap! that the L! is Become a Right Tippler 

24 The People Return'd y! went Last Night To y? Attack of the 
Island Battery This is yf 6"" attempt of y! Nature To no Purpose 

firing off att Sea this day The french Cap! Died this Day that was 
wounded & Taken yf 17 Day he offered Ten Thousand Pounds for 
a fryar To Pardon his Sins before he died and I would have done it 
my Self as well as any fryar or Priest Living for ^ yf money This 
Day went To Cap! Stevens and Drink't New England Cyder and 
Eat Toast & Cyder Exceeding Cold I was Taken w"" yf Bloody 
flux 

25'!' Pleasent Day the woods got on fire which had Like To have 
Distroyd many Tents The Cannon Play Briskly on our Side But 
But [i'/V] few from the Enemy 

Cap! [David] Melvin with a Comp^ went a Scouting after Indians 
at Night. Returnd with y!= folh' Success They Came on a Camp 
of Six french men they killd One Took 3 Captive one of w"}" was 
wound'! They had Some Cloaths Catridge boxes and other accutre- 
ments that they had Taken from our men that were Killd yf 10'!' of 
this Instant one that was Taken Informs us That he was a Serv! 
belongd To a Town not far from us and his master about 6 Days ago 



2 Dudley Bradstreet's Diary 

Turn'd him out To Look for his owne Sustinance haveing nothing of 
his owne To Support him 
W^ Tho? Drunk 

26 Sunday a Pleasent Day in yf forenoone M": Balch Preacht 
from y*: 3I verse of y? Epistle of Jude Sung y': 2 Last Stanzies & | 
in y^ 118 ps. in y^ afternoon Preacht from Prov : 12 26: Sung 2 
Last Stanzies & i in y*: 11 Ps : y^ men of war all Came along in a 
Line of Battle The men y\ were Inlisted went in Order To attack 
the Island Battery in the morning a Comp^ of about 150 went a 
Scouting after Indians 290 went To y': attack of y^i Island Battery 
Cap! melvin headed the above Scout 

21 monday in the morning we had the malencolly news of the 
overthrow of our men that went Last night To y": attack of the 
Island Battery when they Came they found y"; Enemy Prepard for 
their Coming alltho it was Between 12 & i at night w'.'' gives Cause 
To think y*: Enemy were Appriz'd of their Comeing the Enemy 
playd with Cannon upon the Boates which Distroyd Several Boates 
and Left the men floating on the water Several Boates Landed 
their men But y"-' Enemy being Prepard Slew them at a Strange Rate 
Some of our men after they fir'd all their Catridges Retreated got 
into their Boates and made their Escape but Some were killd after 
they had got into f. Boates Some Boates Stove against y*: Rocks 
Some run a Drift Some of our men fought manfully Till about 
Sunrise and it is generally Thought their was 150 of our men Lost att 
y": Least pray g'.' Sanctify this heavy frown of his Providence To us 
all Cap' Noble and Company Came in this Day with 9 french Cap- 
tives they had Taken and found One of our men they had Taken 
Some time ago Lying Dead verry much Cut and mangled he was 
but Just Dead the Enemy had murdered him : and by Examination 
we are Inform^' that y*" Ene?' were 8 Dayes in killing one of our 
men and when he was Dead Obligd One of our men to eat a part 
of him. 

28 Tuesday Foggy a Great Part of the Day our Canon Play 
Briskly One of our men had the end of his yard Shot off. y": 
Bloody flux Still Continues 

2 9'> Wcnsday a miserable Election : ^ But y*: Pleasantist Day we 

1 Alluding to Election day at home in Massachusttts, which fell on the 
last Wednesday of May. 



Dudley Bradstreet's Diary 2 i 

have had Since we Left N : England The Cannon &c play verry 
Briskly But we have this Day y": malencholly news of y^i Loss of 
Several of our men their was 400 of them in the woods They 
Came upon 100 french & 80 Indians they had Several Shallops 
Loaded with fresh Beef and they Intended Last Night to have 
Brought it Down to y*: Citty But our men Came upon them and they 
fought 6 hours and killd Several viz! 6 or Eight of our men Two 
Cap".'' and in all their is 30 killd and wounded Several mortally 
wounded they Rcov'! y*: Bodies of 12 french men & Saw where y^' 
Indians had Drag'd away their Dead Took One frenchman 

30'.'' Thursday Foggy Cloudy &c : This Day our men fird Briskly 
& Cut Down y': french flag The Comodore Sent Two Letters To y": 
General I went Down To y": water Side and bought a fresh Cod 
w'.'' made a fine Supper and Breckfast : The Bloody flux Left me 

One of our french Captives Inform us that The french & Indians 
are forming into a Body To Come upon us : Several Bums This Day 
hove into y*: Citty Two of their Ambosheres [embrasures] Beat 
Down The Enemy keep Continually Digging within y*: walls att 
Night Isaac Kent went upon the Grand Guard which is y*! first Duty 
he has Done Col'.' Chandler Sent To me for an Ace! of y*: Number 
of the Sick in our Company which was 23 and the N'l on Duty which 
was 4 at y'; furthermost fasheene 

31 Fryday Foggy in y': morning I gave Col"^ Chandler an attested 
ace! of the Sick in our Company which was 19 The Number on 
Duty 2 One att y*: fasheene One with Cap! Melvin going on a Scoute 
with him after Indians Cap! Melvin Defers going till tomorrow 
morning Ten Captives Brought in 7 men and Three women 

They had eat no Bread for Ten Days They Inform us that there 
was 32 French & Indians killd in y*: Ingagement The 2S".' Instant 
and 40 wounded Our People found 12 Guns on the Ground where 
the Ingagement was : they Likewise Inform us that Their was 6 of 
their men killd in y*; Ingagement with Col° Gorha"" the 17'^ Instant 

This Day made an Apprizal of the Effects Serg! James Carley Died 
Seizd off. an Irish man Taken this Day it is Thot he had bin in 
y": Citty he Belongs To One of our Companys and it is Thot he 
has Practis'd going into yi Citty every Oppertunity Since he has bin 
here he is now in Irons 

y///;,? vf I I 745 Saturday Foggy Cloudy Thick weather a Ves- 
sel Came that was Sent by y*! General To Port Royal but when they 



2 2 Dudley Bradstreet's Diary 

Came to yl Narrows the Indians fir'd att them above 200 Shots and 
9 Canoes Came off So that they were Oblig'd To Run : a Ship and 
Snow Taken by our men of war Cap! Melvin went out with a 
Company on a Scout 3 of our Company with him The Cap! and I 
went To Cap' [Ebenezer] Easmans House which is within Musket 
Shot of y*: Citty we Tarry'd all night 

2'.' Sunday Cloudy we went To Several Houses then Returnd 
To Cap! Easmans and he went with us and we went into I Beleive 
above 20 Houses Then we went To the Grand Battery and heard 
a Sermon from Amos 4-12 Those words Prepare To Meet thy god 
O Israel The Grand Battery is the Strongest Place that ever my 
eyes Beheld Stephen Barron Drunk Strawberrys full in y*: Blow 
A Brigganteen Taken by our men of war 

3 Monday Rainy Cloudy &c in the morning then Pleasent 
weather Cap' Dunahew ^ Brought a morter and 2 Beds for y*; same 
from Boston at night y": morter and One bed were Carry'd To Cap! 
Easmans fasheene Battery : a Sloop from Canada Loaded with Pro- 
visions had Like To have got into y*". Harbur But one of our Ves- 
sels Came So hard after her that She Run a Shore near y*! Light 
house and y": men got on Shore w'.*' their arms and fird att our men 
when they was getting off y*: Vessel but To no porpose our men 
got off y^ Vessel Safe : and Brought her in the Others are gone in 
Pursuit of the Enemy wrote home 

4 Tuesday Fine weather as Soone as Day Light Appear'd we 
were Surpriz'd by Several Vallyes of Small Arms Down att y"; Citty 
but it Prov'd To be our owne men Shott Two Vallyes & the Enemy 
One Two Vessels Taken this Day by our Shipping : 

Cap! Melvin Returnd with following Success : They kilklTwo french 
men and Brought in Seventeen Captives I went To y'! Corhissarys 
and gave a Receipt for a Barrel of pork and 80 weight of Bread this 
Day our men Began To fire hot Bullets To the Citty. their was 
Letters on Board the french Sloop y! Came from Canada y! was 
Taken yesterday That gave an Ace! that their was 1000 french and 
Indians gone To Attack Anappolis and Cap! Rouse Cap!TyngCap! 
Snelling are gone from us To their assistance Last night a french 
man Came out of y*: Citty & Deliv'! himself To our men and Upon 
Examination he Declares that their is 106 of our men y! was Lost 
att y*; Island Battery Prisoners in y"; Citty & that their is about 800 
fighting men in the Citty and that their is Divers in the Citty would 
^ David Donahew, of Marblehead, who commanded a sloop in the fleet. 



Dudley Bradstreet's Diary 23 

be Glad To DeU themselves to our men if they knew they should 
have Quarter 

5 IVensday fine weather Till Towards night and att night Rain^^ 
This Day Came in a Small Sloop from Canso and Inform us that 
on the 25'!' of may 800 french and Indians Came from Anappolis To 
yf Assistance of Cape Breton att night I went Cap! of y" Grand 
guard with 19 men Three of ye men being found asleep on y^' 
gaurd we Took their guns 

[^One leaf of the Diary here niissing.'\ 

[///«,? 8] . . . Ship and y:' Govr Knowing the Hand writcing 
were Exceeding Sorrowful! and he heard Divers of Souldiers and 
Coiiion Sort of people Say we are gone : the men women and Chil- 
dren followed him in Droves : he Saw 360 Souldiers on the Parade 
in arms he Likewise Informs us that above 100 of our men y! were 
att y? Island Battery were Prisoners in yf Citty and that their is no 
Such thing as Scaleing yf walls But gives Great Incouragement 
Concerning our Takeing the place if we have a Stock of Powder 

In yf morning the French fird out of their Barracks verry fast a 
man was Rideing f. Road and Had his heel Taken away by a Can- 
non Ball and the horses Guts Lett out 

9'." Sunday Rain'd in the morning I watched \ yf night Last 
night The Enemy Cast Three Bums att our People but Did not 
hurt any of our men: Last night Two Zwits [Swiss] Came out of 
the Citty with their arms and Delivered themselves To our men and 
they Inform us that yesterday One of their Souldiers had a Design 
To have Disserted and Come to us and had a Letter from One of 
our men that is a Prisoner in yf Citty To Bring to his friends But 
he being Discovered they Hanged him Directly they Likewise In- 
form us that the Enemy have but 150 barrels of Powder: they In- 
form'd Likewise that many in the Citty would be Glad To Come 
Out and Deliver themselves to us : they Likewise Inform us when 
we Came they had 600 Sould''." when we Came and now they had 
but about 500 they Says that if our Bumaneer had held On Cast- 
ing his Bums into y!^ Citty a Fryday and they att Major Titcoms 
Battery had fird Briskly he Beleives they would have Delivered up 
the Citty in about an hour more This Day we Carry'd Casks from 
the Old Stores to wall in Our Citty Occasioned by News from yf 
Zwits That their was an Army of french and Indians Comeing upon 



2 4 Dudley Bradstreet's Diary 

us a Verry Cold Day this Day. they y": Zwits Inform us That had 
all our Boates Landed att yf Island Battery they would Surrend'.'^ 
them Selves But Seeing Some of our Boates Retreat Incouraged 
the Enemy It is Thought our men of war are in an Ingagement 
The Zwits Inform us that they in the Citty had not had their 
Cloaths off Since we Came 

June lo'.^ mojiday fair weather Early in the morning Cap! 
Warner Cap! Willard Clerk Patterson & I went Down to y"! Grand 
Battery and Major Titcoms Battery and into Sundry Houses we 
went into the Towers in the Grand Battery Saw Several Beautifull 
women Taken Some Time ago : wee went above the Grand Battery 
To the Village That our men Burnt The first Day of may a man 
Cut in Two by a Cannon Ball att y"^ Light house Battery and an- 
other wounded 

Yesterday a fifty Gun Ship Came & Joind our men of war they 
Brought with them a french Privateer they had Taken and Three 
Dayes ago they parted with Two 60 gun Ships Comeing To our 
Assistance Two men wounded by a Small Shott att y? fasciene Bat- 
tery next y? wall went up the Bay and Got a boat and 2 beds we 
found The Strawberrys full in the Blow 

June 1 1"? fair weather : & Coronation Day in the morning The 
whole Batalia was Calld by the Beat of y^ Drums To prayers att 
Twelve we were Rally'd by the Beat of y': Drums and Excercised 
and Drank the Kings health the Gen! went on Board the Com- 
odore before night Return'd att night all Rally'd by yP Beat of yf 
Drums To Prayers : Comeing Back from pray'.' Saw men Burying 
a Young man. 

June y. 12I'' fine weather Col'.' Willard Sent forme and Ordered 
me to go w'l' y? Adjatant Hobart ^ To yf Advance Battery and To y^ 
Several Cap''"' there and Take an Account of all y? able Bodyd men 
that were there and Besides The Sick & wounded we found Be- 
longing to Col? Willards Regim! 158 we were Setting Divers of us 
By Cap' Easmans fire I was writeing and there Came a Cannon 
Ball and Struck yf Chimney and made yf fire and Soot Fly att a 
Strange Rate Adjatant Hobart got up & Run. A man wounded 
by a Bum this Day yf flesh of his Buttock Carryd away 

1 Jonathan Hobart. a Groton soldier, was the adjutant of the Fourth Massa- 
chusetts Regiment. For a reference to him, see the Introduction (p. 6). 



Dudley Bradstreet's Diary 25 

[///w] 13 I Lay att Cap'. Easmans in y? morning Our Bumaneer 
Cast Three Bums into or Near the Ambzciers Belonging To y? Enem^ 

after Breckfast we went into our Advance Battery which is within 
about 30 Rods of y? Citty and The Enemy fird with Small Arms. 
The Bullets Hew on Every Side : I had a verry fair Shot att One of 
y? Enemy : in the afternoone K Webster Came with us To our 
Camps : Three men of war viz! 2 60 Guns and One 40 Gun Ship 
Came and Joind our fleet they Took Three Ships and Brought in 
w'l' them Removed our Tent this Day Within our walls : the Enemy 
fird from their Barracks with small arms : the morter Remov'.' To y" 
Light House in Order To Play upon y^ Island Battery 

14 fine weather L' webster with Some of our Company went 
afishing Catchced a fine parcel of fish a man Died that was 
wounded By a shot from yf Enemy Before Night went Down To- 
wards y': Citty To Cap! Easmans and A Switzer Came Back w'l' me : 
Three of our men went on Board one of the men of war 5 Zwits 
in a Shallaway Disserted and went on Board Our Comodore 

T/ie I5'^ Bay. our Bumaneer Cast from yf Light House 8 Bums 
into y^ Island Battery y? People viz! y:= Enemy Run out of y. Bat- 
tery into y? water up to their middles : The Enemy in yf Citty were 
Drawd into a Body and our People from Titcoms Battery fird 5 
42 Pounders and Cut Down Two Ranks of yf Enemy 

15 Went in yf morning To y" Advance Battery and Returnd be- 
fore noone On the Return the whole Army Drawd into a Batalia 
the Comodore and Gen! Came and Veiwd us & the Comodore made 
a Speech and Told us we Could not Take yf Citty with yf Land forces 
neither Could he w'!' yf Sea forces without yf assistance of each 
Other and Advised us To Join and yf first Easterly wind he would 
Come in by Sea and we by Land and Try it out : Before Sun Set a 
Flag of Truce Came out of yf Citty Last night The Enemy Cast 45 
Bums att our People But To no Porpose The Flag of Truce Came 
with a Request in Writeing for a Cessation of arms Till they might 
hold a Council of War for they sf' the English Play'd So Smart that 
they Could not hold a Council yf Gen! and Admiral gave them Till 
To morrow morning 7 or 8 oClock 

16 Sunday: Cloudy Foggy weather After Prayers The flag of 
Truce Came out of the Citty about 12 of y' Clock the flag of Truce 
Returnd after they had agreed on yf following Articles viz if y': 
Enemy would Surrender up y!= Citty To give them their Goods and 



2 6 Dudley Bradstreet's Diary 

To furnish them with Vessels To Carry Them to Old France and 
in Case they Comply'd they were to Send Hostages by Six oClock 
in the after noone they ask Liberty To Settle on this Island or 
Canady or Some of the Adjacent Islands But it was not Granted 
and in Case they Do not Comply The fleet To go in by Sea and all 
our forces by Land Imediately & To have a fair Tryal The Gen! 
went off Crying : Before night A Genl Came out of yf Citty and 
Deliv? himself as a Hostage & The Citty To be Deliv!' on y? 
morrow 

yiine 17'!' monday Cloudy in the fore part of y? Day in the 
Latter part Raind : in the morning after prayers Rally'd &c 

Rallyd a Second Time and then Several Regim'? with yf Gen! L' 
Gen' Brigadeers &c Advanced Towards the Citty To Take Pos- 
session 

N B : Admiral Warrin went into the Harbour with all his Ships 
in yf morning and Saluted yf Citty By fireing our People Took 
Possession of the Island Battery Last Night 
When our Army Marcht To yf Citty the Colours were flying the 
Drums Beating Trumpets Sounding Flutes & Vials Playing Col° 
Bradstreet ^ att yf Head of the Army The Gen! L' Gen! and Gentry 
in yf Rear, yf French men and women & Children on yf Parade 

they Lookt verry sorrowfull I went into yf Citty and then Re- 
treated and Came Back To our old Citty: 
[ One leaf here missingj] 

20 Thursday Ralnny Cloudy and foggy weather W- Thomas 
was Drunk I went allround y^' Citty walls and Saw all yf Cannon 
Bum Morters &c 

21 Fryday Cloudy Rainny «S; Foggy weather Remov'd our Sick 
To an house near yf Citty & Two men To nurse them 

22 Saturday Rainny Cloudy & foggy weather Eighteen French 
men made their Escape out of yf Citty Cap! Warner Cap! Willard 
Clerk Patterson and I went into yf Barracks or Cittydal and when 
we were in yf Chappel there was a man aloft and yf upper part 
Being verry much Broke by our Cannon Balls it gave way & and 
\_sic'\ a Cannon Ball with Boards Came Down and had Like To have 
Struck Clerk Patterson & my Self and the man hung by his arms 
By a Joyce 

1 Colonel Bradstreet was an Englishman by birth, but probably not akin to 
the diarist. 



Dudley Bradstreet's Diary 27 

23:' Sunday Rainny Cloudy & foggy weather The i8 french 
men that made their Escape yesterday Brought in with their arms 
Snap-Sacks Provision &c and were Cornitted To Prison Mr Moody ^ 
Preacht in the forenoone att y? Camps from Prov : 8 : 6 Mf Lang- 
dalP Preacht in the afternoone from Heb:3:i3 The Artillery 
Removd from yf fasciene Batterys 

24■^ Mofiday Rainny Cloudy & Foggy weather Cap' Rouse 
Came in but Did not know y^' place was Taken till he Sent his 
Boates on Shore att yf Camps 

25'^ Tuesday Rainny Foggy & Cloudy weather Cap'. Rouse 
Came into Louisbourg and Brought 2 Bum Morters and 250 
Cannon : 

26'!' Wensday fine weather : 

27'!^ Thursday Cloudy Foggy & Rain'd Exceeding hard Some 
Time we Remov'd Down To yf Houses 

28^' Fryday Foggy &c Oliver Green '^ Died and was Buried 

Five mareens was whipt I wrote home 

29* Saturday Wet weather : I went into The Citty 

30"' Sunday W Moody Preacht att f. Chappel in ye fore Part 
of the Day and mf Crocker in the after part in yf fore part I wrote 
To my wife in y!^ after part went To meeting the Text was Psalm 
56: 12. 

yuly I vwnday Fair weather 

July 2;' Tuesday Cloudy &c : A Comp'' Came in and Some of 
them Came to our house before they knew y! place was Taken I 
went into yf City with them 

3 Wensday: a man of war Came in w'l' 200 Souldiers To Carry 
To Annoppolis To Release our men Sent there Last Summer Yes- 
terday W!^ Tho! being in yf Citty in Drink and Threatened a woman 
that he would knock her Down if She would not give him Liqf he 
was Put under a guard and kept all night in the morning brought 
Before Coif Willard and Ordered into yf Citty To be Tryed by a 
Court martial 

1 Samuel Moody (H. C. 1697), minister of York, Maine. 

2 Samuel Langdon (H. C. 1740), afterward President of Harvard College. 

3 A Groton soldier. According to "The New-England Historical & Genea- 
logical Register" {XXV. 266) for July, 1871, he was a private in Captain 
Jonathan Smith's company in the Ninth Massachusetts Regiment (Colonel 
Joseph Dwight). Judging from the familiar names, there were other soldiers 
from Groton and neighI)orhood, who belonged in that company. 



2 8 Dudley Bradstreet's Diary 

Several Vessels went out Some for France with Transports & Some 
to New England 

July 4'^ Thursday Several Vessels went out Some for France 
with Transports &c : I went a Strawbering 

July 5- Fryday a wild Cow and Calf Came out of yf woods 
Several went in Pursuit I went Till I was Out of Breath and then 
Returned : Cop! Lakin Ordered Stephen Barron To Guard y': Arms 
and he Told him To Kiss his ass for which he was Ordered To Ride 
the Pickets an hour 

the men That went after y*" Cow Return'd and Brought y": Cow but 
Lost y*" Calf Col? Choate Came from New England with Two Com- 
panys of men 

July 6^'' 1745 Fine Growing weather In yP Morning Several of 
us went in Pursuit of y": Calf y' Belonged to y"-' Cow y' was Brought 
in yesterday But Could not find it : heard Several Guns Towards 
y': Head of yf Bay 
Cap! Rouse Saild for London for Recruits and y? Council Sent for 

jC S D _ 

9555 = 2 : 6 Sterling To Repair yf Breaches our Cannon Bums &c 
had made in yP Walls Barracks Store Houses & Hospitalls and 
magaziens : Upon his Sailing the men of warr fir'd a Great Number 
of Guns Cap! Snelling Came from N England with Souldiers 

July y'*" Suuday fine weather M- Moody Preacht in the foretioone 
in yP Chappel in y!" Barracks in yP Citty in yP afternoon Ml Williams 
Preacht m!^ Baulch Preacht in yP Suburbs in yP afternoone From i 
Petf 3:19:20 Sung 2 Last Staves in yP 84 Ps : Sung 2 Last Staves 
in yP 73 Ps : Two men of Warr went out on a Cruse Some Vessels 
Came in 

8 nionday fine weather Nine Cap^^ viz One out of a Regiment 
Being a Com'P'' went To Search yP Vessels : I went w'!' them : we 
found in Iron Brass &:c : To yP Valine 7 or 8 Hundred pounds & 
Brought it On Shore : Cap! Dunnahews Vessel Came in with yP fol- 
lowing Sorrowfull Tydings : Viz They were in y!" Gut of Canso And 
Seven Indians Discover'd themselves with a Flagg of Truce and Cap! 
Dunnahew with all his officers Save One: Their Being Twelve in 
all went on Shoar and their Started up about 200 Indians and fir'd 
upon Cap! Dunnahew & Company and Distroyd them all and Burnt 
their Bodys : The above was Done June 29'*' 

9'!" Tuesday fine weather y!" Reg! mustered and marcht Towards 



Dudley Bradstreet's Diary 29 

the South gate as far as y^ Powder plott and their Dismiss'd this 
Day Came a french man from S' Johns and had Cap! Dunnahevvs 
Ring on his finger and Brought News that alltho' Cap' Dunnahew 
was killd and four more yet there was Seven alive : But they was 
wounded Began To work at y? west gate in Order to Rebuild the 
Same 

10* Cloudy went a Searching Vessels and found Considerable of 
Iron &c : I wrote home Last month I wrote home Twice But Did 
not Enter y^ Same 

II* Thursday fine weather a Number went To Raising Vessels 
I went w'l' them we Raisd a Scooner new : y' never had bin to Sea 
She is about 40 Tuns This is y': Third vessel has bin Weighed : a 
Number w'!' our Com'^' which Consists of nine Cap".'^ viz One out of 
a Regiment our Cap! being One of yf Com'?"" went To y? Grand Bat- 
tery and in Searching they found of Iron Clothing &c Considerable 

12 Fry day fine weather One Vessel Rais'd Considerable Plun- 
der brought from On Board yf Vessels : Several Shallops Came in 
w- french &c : 

13 Saturday fine weather went in Search of Plunder and brought 
Several boat Loads of Barr Iron Cables Spikes &c on Shore out of a 

£ 

Vessel 30 Sterling found by One of y? Com'?" : Several Shallops 
of french Came in Wood Sloops Came in 

14 Sunday Cloudy Rainny &c: in the morning : afterwards fine 
weather : in the forenoon mr Williams Preacht in y": Chappel from 
I Chron : V 18 : 19 : 20 : 21 : & 22 : Sung The 20'!' PS : In y': after- 
noone m! Fair weather^ Preacht from i Chron : 1 1 & 13 verses 

Sung 2 first staves & \ in yf 18 Psal : News Came in this Day that 
Cap! Fletcher who went in his Privateer To Guard our wood Sloops 
hath Taken a french Privateer y! Came out of Canada & they In- 
form us y! yf Ship that was Chast by our Privateers when we Lay att 
Canso Apl 18 19 &c Came into Cauda 32 Days ago «5v: had Taken 
Cap! Smothers : Several Shallops of french Came in : 

15 monday fine weather in yf morning Cap! Warner Cap! Willard 
& mySelf with Others went To yf N E Harbour I went Round To 
y"! Light House went up into yf Lanthorn it is a magnificent 
building: from yf Bottom To yf Lanthorn is 72 Steps yf Lanthorn 

^ Samuul Fayerweather (H. C. 1743), chaplain on board of the frigate " Mas- 
sachusetts," Capt. Edward Tyng. See Sabme's " Loyalists of the American 
Revolution " (1. 419)- 



30 Dudley Bradstreet's Diary 

is 14 feet Glass a Bason of Copper in the Lanthorn full of oil 23 
Wicks in y^ Oil the Bason will hold above i, barrel the Light house 
Excepting yf glass is Bum Proof We Took up 2 Shallops : Cap' 
Tyng Came in : Sev! of us found a C f & I eat a fine Supper of V — 1 

16 Tuesday : the Sun arose Clear : but Soone Clouded and foggy 
Several Vessels Came in from N England with Sould- 500 in all 

1 Rec'.' a Letter from my D- wife 

17 wensday fine weather 8 of our men Dismissed viz L' En- 

2 Serg'^ I Cop! i Stew : 2 more The Com— & I went with them 
in Search after Cattle found 5 horses 3 Cows Dealt allowance of 
Rum for four Days Exclusive of this Day 

18 Thurday Thanksgiving m!' williams preacht from 

I Deliv'l 6 Days allowance of meat To every mess & One Days 
allowance of Peas : a Sheep Deliv'l to each Comp^: and pint of wine 
to Each man ^ Our Sheep would have bin (after y': Guts had bin 
Taken out) more Suitable for a Lanthorn then for Eating : Some 
Companys Came in 

19 Fryday Fine weather Cap! Warner and I Din'd w"' Cap! 
James Fryy we had Boild Lamb Pork & Veal Rost Lamb & Veal 
good wine good phlip & punch : at Night we Supped on a Stew of 
mutton & pork & wine To Drink: a Ship flag of Truce Saild for 
france with Captives 

20 Saturday Cloudy Rainy &c Nothing Remarkable a Snow 
Flag of Truce Saild For France with Captives 

2 1 Sunday Rainny : in y^ morr ni^ Williams Preacht att y*: Chappel 
att y": Barracks from John 20 : 31 in the forenoon & y^ Old Eng- 
land Chu'' People met att y^ Chappel Att y"; Hospital in y*-: after- 
noone the old England Church minister preach! from 116 Ps : 12 
att y": Chappel by the Barracks a Vessel Came in with women & 
Children from N Eng-' 

22'! Monday fair weather I went into y": Citty To Take an Ace', 
of the men y! worked in Col " Willards Reg- at Carrying wood & 
Took w'- me out of our Comp^ Jn" Rand Jn'' Wright W- Tho^ John 
Peirce Gideon Sanderson Eph- Proctor Aaron Boynton y! worked 
y"; whole Day ^ 

1 The wine served out to the men at this time undoubtedly was loot taken 
from the enemy. 

2 John Pierce, Gideon Sanderson, and Aaron Boynton are known to have been 
Groton soldiers, and perhaps also some of the others were. Sanderson died on 
November 13, and Boynton on December 24. 



Dudley Bradstreet's Diary 31 

att night Rec'l Orders To Send a Corp! & 5 men To go on board y^. 
man of war Occasioned by a Large Saild Lying off y"; mouth of yf 
Harby Suppossed To be an East Indeaman or a man of war this 
Day Copi Benj'^ Randal Died & was Buryed. : we Sent Cop'. Lakin 
& 5 more but they Came on y*: Parade to Late 

23 Tuesday Two men of war went out against y". Ship & gave 
her a Broad Side & Several Bow Chased and Took her : 

24'^ Wensday I went To Oversee the men Carrying wood att y". 
Kings Gate : in y*: afternoone the men of war Came in with y': Prize 
Taken Yesterday She is a Vessel of about 700 Tun an East India 
man Judged To be worth One million & \ money: y*: Cap' & I & 
Sev! more moved into y". Citty 

25 Thursday fine weather Took an Inventory of y*: Effects of 
Cop! Randal & Oliver Green : I went to y': Coniissarys & Took 3 
gall- \ of Brandy & Dealt out 3 Days allowance : Three Gallons of 
Molosses To y': Three messes in the Suburbs : Three Days allow- 
ance of meat To y": mess" in y*; Suburbs 

26 Fryday fine weather Last night Came in Cap! VVetherbe & 
his Compy with Part of Cs.p! Davis's Company This Day I Rec'! a 
Letter from my wife which was pleasing &c went a Strawberrying 

27 Saturday Rainny &c 

28 Sunday fine weather in y": forenoone the C- min' Preacht 
from Rom : 12 : 18 in y*: afternoone m": Williams Preacht from prov : 
20: 27 in the morning a Large Ship Came in Sight Supposd to be 
an East India man : and Two of our men of war went out after her 

29* Monday a Gen!' Muster and in y': afternoone arose a Great 
Disturbance betweene y1 men of wars men & our men which was 
Exceeding hot in y": afternoone y": men of war y! went out Yester- 
day Came in with y': Ship they went after She is a Rich Prize an 
french East India man 

30'!' Tuesday Rainy Last night Came in 250 Sould'? from N Hamp- 
shire : we had a pint of wine allowed To each man To Drink y*: 
Kings health Serg! Woods Took y": Stewardship ^ I Din'd w'!* Cap' 
Erie 

31 Wensday foggy Cloudy weath' Serg' Woods has not Chang'd 
Guns this Two Dayes a thing verry Remarkable: 

August \\ 1745. in y' morning Col- Willard Sent for me & Ord'- 

1 Sergeant Woods was probably a Groton soldier ; and without doubt the stew- 
ardship included the duties of a commissary-sergeant. 



3 2 Dudley Bradstreet's Diary 

me to Oversee his Reg! y' worked in Repairing y* Citty walls : ac- 
cordingly I went 14 of y": Reg! work'd 

2 Fryday fine weather I went To Oversee Y- People Clearing 
the Store yard : A Large Ship Came in Sight Our men of war went 
out & Took her She is a french South Sea man a Rich Prize has 
been out Three years 

3 Saturday I went To Oversee y": workmen Ten men Bury'd 
this Day 4 in Arms : I wrote home 

4'!' Sunday Ml' Williams^ of Longmeadow Preacht in y*^; fore- 
noone at y*: Hospital Chappel from 55 Is : & 6'!' a Seazonable 
Lively affectionate Sermon In y*: afternoone Mr Williams - of New- 
haven preacht from Dut:32:29 One: man Bury'd after meeting 

Several Small Vessels Came in 

5'!" Cloudy foggy &c : I went To Overseeing &c 

6'!' Tuesday An Exceeding Rainny Day One Hubbard Died 
y\ Liv'd with part of our Company out of y*: Citty 

7'^ Wensday a Rainny Day Last night about 12 O' y': Clock 
Died in the Hospital Isaac Kent he Lay but a few Dayes Sick 

about 6 in y": afternoone we Bury'd him a man Rid y*: wooden 
Horse on yl Parade 

8'.^ Thursday fine weather I overseed the workmen Cleaning the 
Kings Bake House Last night the wooden horse Torn in peices 

9'!' Cold weather. I went To Oversee Last night Stephen Bar- 
ron Imbarked &c 

10'.'' Saturday a Cold Day a Gen! muster fird Plattoones : y!" 
martial Laws Read att yf head of every Reg! a Souldier whipt 39 
Lashes for Robbing a Dead Corpse & Leaving y? Body u[n]buried 

1 1 Sunday Cold Cloudy weather Last Fryday a Scooner was 
going after wood with about 30 men & by a mischance as they was 
going out of the Harbour near y!" Light house Run upon y? Rocks 
and Split yf men Lost their guns Cloaths &c But y!" Boates Has- 
tned out & Sav'd all y? men in yP forenoone yf" Rev'! ]\if Williams 
of Longmeadow preach't at yf Hospital Chappel from Luk: IX 62 
Sung y!^ 3 part of yf 50 Ps : in yf afternoone M! Williams of New- 
haven Prea' from Dut 32 29 : a Stormy Day Wind at NE. 

Monday Aug'. 12'!' Stormay Day This is yf' 4* Day yf wind has 

1 Stephen Williams (H. C. 1713), first minister of Longmeadow, where he 
died on June 10, 17S2, aged 89 years. 

- Kliblia Williams (11. C. 171 1), who had been I'lesident of Vale College. 



Dudley Bradstreet's Diary 33 

Blowd Strong eS^ Cold at N E I Took 3;^ 7 Sterling in pei" 8 & 
Pistareens of yf Brgadeer To pay yf workmen for On Loading of 
wood : 

13 Tuesday I went to Overseeing Serg' David Barker Died this 
Day One Briant Sentenced To have 5 Lashes on his naked Back 
3 Dayes Running 

14 We?isday fine weather I went To Overseeing four men 
Buryed this Day One whipt 5 Lashes for Prophane Swearing &c 
& Drawing Sword and threatning a man 

15 Thursday fine weather I went To Overseeing the man that 
was whipt yesterday whipt again To Day five Lashes and is To have 
five more To morrow : one man whipt 2 1 Lashes at the whipping 
post on the Parade for Strikeing his Superiour officer. John Phillips 
washd and Shirted himself O mavellous 

16 Fryday Pleasent weather I went To Overseeing his Excel- 
lency Gov": Shirly his Mad'" yf Commodores mad".' with Divers other 
Gent'.' 

17'.'' Saturday Fine weather the Gov': Came on Shore a Genl 
Muster The whole army was mustered «& Placed in the most Gen- 
teel manner To Receive the Gov^ the Gen! walk't foremost the 
Governors Lady at his Right Then his Excellency &c 
The men Stood on Each Side with their arms Rested from y? Gate 
By yf Coiiiodores To yP Barracks att y? Gover? Landing yf Cannon 
fir'd from y*" Batterys & from yf men of war: when the Battallian 
was Dismissed there was fireing with Small arms for Two Hours 

His Excellency's arrival was verry Rejoycing To us all : he 
Brought with him Several of his Children I Overseed yf workmen 

18 Sunday Rainny weather Last night Died W™ Thomas about 
10 of y!" Clock Buryed after INIeeting : in y!" afternoone m' Williams 
preacht from i Cor: 2:2: his Excellency was at meeting Cap! 
Tyng Came in with Two Companys of men Col" Berry Came with 
him 

19 mo7iday Rainny weather John Dakin ' Died a man Rid 
y!" wooden Horse with 2 muskets at his heeles 

20 Fine weather I went To Overseeing 

21 Fine weather I went To Overseeing Serg! Joseph Woods ^ 
Died His Excellency went^Fo yf Grand Battery Tliey Saluted him 
by fireing 

^ A Lancaster soldier. '" A Grutuii soldier. 

3 



34 Dudley Bradstreet's Diary 

2 2*? fine weather I went To Overseeing Several Lay Dead in 
yf Hospital and Thro' a mistake another Company Buryed Serg^ 
Woods in yf Stead of their owne man : & we Buryed their man his 
Excellency went to yf Island Battery he was Salluted by fireing 

23 Went To Overseeing We Bought i Quarter of Beef Exceed- 
ing good 

24 Fine weather I went To Overseeing A Gen! muster his 
Excell^: Veiud us his Speeches made in y? Court at home Relateing 
To yf Prosperity of yf army Read his Excellency gave yf army 2 
hogs- Rum To Drink the Kings health 

25'.'' Sunday Rained Exceeding hard 
26'!" Monday I went To Overseeing 
27'!' Tuesday: I went To Overseeing 

28 Wensday I went To Overseeing 

29 Thursday I went To Overseeing Cap^ Warner Taken Sick 
30*.'' Fryday I went To Overseeing I wrote home ? Col- Berry 
Sent Two Three Pistareene p- To my wife 

31 Saturday I went To Overseeing 

Sep: I: 1745 a Rainny Day Two Privateers went out after a 
Ship that was Discoverred and Lookt upon to be a french Ship 

2? monday Last night between 8 & 9 o' yf Clock Died Jon> 
Lakin^ in yf Hospital I Clossed his Eyes Before night Buryed 
Jon? Lakin 

3^! Cap^ Richardson Brought in a French Ship he had Taken & 
Brought news of Several French men of war that was in yf offal 

Six of our men went on Board the Sloop Union Cap^ mayhew 
Commander 

4 Wetidsday Fine weather Goold '^ Died Cap'. Warner Exceed- 
ing Bad : 

5 Thursday fine weather 

6'^ Fryday about 8 in yf morning Died Cap! Warner The 
Lord Sanctify his holy hand att 5 O'the Clock we Buryed him 
with a Great Deal of honour & Respect a Part of all or Cheif of 
yf Com? in yf Regiment attended yf funerl Under arms the Soul- 

1 A Groton soldier. 

2 Probably a Groton soldier, and perhaps the same as Benjamin Gould, a cor- 
poral in Captain Smith's company, Ninth Massachusetts Regiment, mentioned 
in "The New-England Historical & Genealogical Register'" (XXV. 266) for 
July, 1871. 



Dudley Bradstreet's Diary 35 

diers warlk foremost with their arm in funeral Posture next yf 
Drummers next yP Cap^' next yP Corp[se.] Behind walkt yf Gen- 
eral Col° Willard at his Left hand next all the Col°-' 



I was Taken Sick y? night after y? Cap! Died & have not kept any 
Journal To this Day 

Thursday Nov': f. 14'!' Last night Died Gideon Sanderson :^ in 
y? afternoon we Bury'd him 

Fryday 15 Rain'd & Snow'd Some : 

Saturday 16 in y? morning Snow'd Some 

Swiday 17 fine weather the Revf mf Williams Preacht out of 
Canticles from those words I Sleep but my heart waketh it is yf 
Voice of my Belov^ &c in Y- afternoon from Esther IV four Last 
verses 

Monday 18 Sev' Vessels from Boston 

19 Tuesday Nothing Remarkable 

20 Wensday a Vessel from Boston with Several women 

2 1 Thursday : 

22 Fryday 

23 Saturday I went into the Burying yard & there Beheld a 
MalenchoUy Sight : Hundreds of new Graves 

24"' Sunday mf Newmon - Preact in yf forenoone from those 
words Acquaint now thy Self with him & be at peace thereby shall 
good Come unto thee 

in yf afternoone mf Fareweather preacht from those words O that 
they were wise f. y?' understood this that y^ would Considr yf Latter 
end 

25'.'' mo7iday Sev! Vessels Came in from New England 
26"' Tuesday Sev! Vessels Came in from N: England Sev! 
famyly's Benj^ Stearns Drunk in yf Royal Hospital 

27 Wensday Verry Cold Some Snow Sent Benj? Stearns undf 
y'' main Gaurd : Last night yf Cap'" moved To Live with me : a gen- 
eral Muster Governour Shirly Embarkt for N: England I headed 
the Company 

28 Died Corp! Jnf Crooffoot ^ 

^ A Groton soldier. 

- John Newman (H. C. 1740), born at Gloucester, on March 14, 1716, and 
ordained at Edgartown in 1748, where he died on December i, 1763. 
"* A Lancaster soldier. 



36 Dudley Bradstreet's Diary 

29 fryday Bury'd Peter Carley & Jn? Crooffoot in One Grave 

30 Saturday nothing Remarkable 

Dec': I Sunday mf Newmon Preacht from those words in Job 
Acquaint now thy Self with him &c 

In yf afternoone from those words in Prov: fooles make a mock 
at Sin 

2'1 monday Last night John Green ^ Died in yf Royal Hospital 

4 of our men went a Hunting Yesterday the Gen! told Cap- 
Hubbard their was 5 or 6 Thousand firench and Indians Comeing 
upon us : 

3'.' Tuesday I was Tak'n Exceeding ill on yf Rampers 

4*1' wensday a Snow about an inch Deep Severall Vessels 
Came in 

5'^ Thursday Some Snow 

6'!' Fryday in yf morning all y!" Comission OfHcers were Orderd 
to meet at yf Admirals accordingly we met and yf Admiral made a 
Speech and Exhorted us To many things Especially To Suppress all 
Vice & linorallity and See that all the men under us keep a good 
Look out for he Inforni'd us That yf Canadeens were in a Great 
Stir : after yf Admiral had finished a Long Speech yf Genl made a 
Short One and then we Drank Every man a Glass of wine But 
Before I went there I sent for Sam! Shead ^ & he Told me he had 
bin at Groton & Saw my wife at mf Sheples '^ and She was well and 
my whole family was well which was Rejoycing news To me : But 
Iniediately I went To Cap! Smiths I had no Sooner Entred the 
Room But he Told me he had Verry Bad news for me I asked 
what it was he Show'd me a Letter which Come to One of his men 
which an Ace! of yf Death of my Eldest Daughter O fatal news 
pray God Sanctify his holy hand 

7'!" Saturday Nothing Strange 

8'!' Sunday Nothing new 

9"!' mo?iday Sev! Vessels Came in from N England 

10'!' Tuesday Securd our Coal 

1 1 Wensday I wrote home 

12 John Wright^ Died Nath! Smith ^ & Mathew Wyman ^ were 
put under yf Grand gaurd for atempting to Cut Pickits 

1 A Groton soldier. 

2 This may have been John Sheple, whose brother Jonathan married I.ydia 
I. akin, a kinswoman and perhaps a sister of Lieutenant Bradstreet's wife. 

3 A Lancaster soldier. 



Dudley Bradstreet's Diary 37 

13'!' Fryday I got a Pardon for Smith & Wyman that was CoiTiit- 
ted yesterday in y!" afternoon Buryed Wright : 

I4'^ Saturday an Exceeding Rainny Day Joseph Trumbel Died 

I5'^ Sunday Last night Died in the Royal Hospital Jn'.' Rams- 
dell : allso Jon^ Fletcher of Groton : The Rev'' m' Preached 
in y": afternoone from Dut : 30-ig a Proclamation for a Fast Read 
the fast to be on Wensday yf iS'l' Curr! 

1 6'!' monday Bury'd Jn? Ramsd' 

17* Tuesday Last night Came a Snow about 4 Inches Deep 
winter Like weather : 

1 8*1' wendsay fast Day 

\(f} I went to Cap' Smiths To make an Aprizal of yf Effects that 
Jn? Green ^ & Jon? Fletcher ^ Died Seiz'd off in y? Afternoone Died 
in Y- Royal Hospital Serg! Jn? Stratton : made an Inventory of yf 
Effects off Jn'-' Croffoott Jn? McClentuc Peter Carley Jn? Wright 
Gideon Sanderson & Joseph Trumbel & Jn? Ramsdell 

20* Fryday Ten men of our Comp': inlisted to go a wooding 

21 Saturday Last night Came a Snow about Two Inches : W. 
Speer^ y? Chaplain of yf Island Battery was Buryed 

22"! Sunday the Rev"! mr Newmon Preacht from Luk 2 : 10 : 11 : 

23*! Monday Last night Died in yf Royal Hospital Jon? Shead ^ 
of Groton : a Verry Stormy night of Snow 

24"' Died in yf Royal Hospital Aaron Boynton : ^ 

25'!' Chirstinas Died in the Royal Hospital Serg! W^ Holdin ■* 
in yf after noone Buryed Aaron Boynton 

26 Thursday I Din'd at m': Crafts paid nine Shillings for my 
Dinner &c Two of our men ord'^- in yf Hospital "3 Gen! 

27'- Fryday Dind at Crafts p'? 8 Shillings for my Dinner 
Phinehas Parker* Died 

28* Saturday Din'd at L' Fries a verry Cold Day 

1 A Groton soldier. 

2 Samuel Spear (H. C. 1715), born at Braintree, on July 6, 1696. 

3 Jonathan Shead (or Shedd) was a kinsman of Samuel Shead, who brought 
news from home concerning Lieutenant Bradstreet's family, as mentioned on 
the preceding page. 

* Without doubt William Holden and Phinehas Parker were Groton soldiers. 
According to " The New-England Historical & Genealogical Register" (XXV. 
266) for July, 187 1, Holden was a sergeant, and Parker a corporal, in Captain 
Smith's company. Ninth Massachusetts Regiment. 



38 Dudley Bradstreet's Diary 

29"? Sunday the Rev'? m! Bacchus^ Preacht from Deut:30: 
& 19"? 

30"^ monday Died in y^ Royal Hospital George Norcross 

31 Tuesday I mounted gaurd at y^ Cittydal : a Stormy Snowy 
Day & Exceeding Cold 

Ja?i" first Weiisday an Exceeding Cold Day and verry Boisto- 
rous much Damage acrew'd to y': Shipping in y^ harbour Last night 
by Reason of y"! Storm allso many windows in y': Citty Distroy'd 
by y^ wind 

2I Thursday nothing Remarkable 

31 Fryday Cold Died in y<i Royal Hospital Rowland Black- 
mir & Jacob Proctor 

31 made an aprizal of y^ Effects of Serg! Stratton George Nor- 
cross & Aaron Boynton 

4'^ Saturday I went To Cap! Hubbards to make an apprizal of 
y^ Effects of Seven Dead men about Sun Set Bury'd Rowland 
Blackmir & Jacob Proctor in one grave Eighteen Bury'd this Day 

S'."^ Sunday Clowdy Snowy misty weath- M- Newman Preacht 
from Genesis 19 Chap 15 16 & 17 verses 

6 nio)iday pleasent weathef Last night Came in a man and 
Informs us that he was on his passage from London to this place 
and was Cast away Last fryday was Seven nights at Scattaree [island] 
about Four Leagues to Eastward of Louisbourg & all the men Lost 
Save five which were washt on Shoar on the Quartr Deck and Three 
Days before Christmas they Parted with Sev! Sail Bound for this 
place this Day a Comp>: of men Sent To the Rack [wreck] : 

7 Tuesday One Returnd that went yesterday To the Rack and 
Informs [ ] that they had found Two men [ ] French 
house verry much froz and the other Two it is thot are dead they 
Found at y*: Rack many [ ]les of Broad Cloaths and Silks [ ] 
other English goods there was [ ]teen Drownd This Day I 
[mou]nted gaurd 

[8 Wed'\nsday Exceeding Cold and Slippery 
[9] Thursday Nothing Remarkable 

[10] Fryday I Bought a pig that vveigh'd an 100 lb which Cost 
me Ten Dollars which is 50/ Sterling 

1 Simon Backus (Y. C. 1724), minister of Newington, Conn. During tlie 
winter after liis arrival at Louisburg, he fell a victim to the prevailing sickness 
of the army, and died on February 2, 1745-6, aged 45 years. 



Dudley Bradstreet's Diary 39 

[ii]'^ Saturday not any Thing Remarkable 
12* Sufiday a Verry Cold Day 
13*'.' monday I mounted Gaurd 

14 Tuesday I attended y": Court martial for y": Tryal of 
He[ ] Burchwood a private Centinel for Refusing to go on Duty 
when Ordered we Ordered the Prisoner Receive Ten L[ashes] on 
his Bare Back at the whipping post on y^ Publick pl[ace] in Louis- 
bourg 

15 wensday the man whip[ped] that was Tryed yesterd[ay] 
le"" Thursday Cold weath[er] 

[17]"^ Fryday Died in y" tow[n] Johnson [ ] 






DIARY 

KEPT BY 

SERGEANT DAVID HOLDEN, 

OF GROTON, MASS., 

DURING THE LATTER PART OF THE FRENCH AND 
INDIAN WAR, 

February 20 — November 29, 1760. 



First printed in the 
PROCEEDINGS OF THE MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

June 13, 1889. 



David Holden^s Diary 



DAVID HOLDEN, the writer, was the First Sergeant in 
Captain Leonard Whiting's company. He was a son 
of John and Sarah (Davis) Holden, and born at Groton, on 
December lO, 1738. His family, in both its branches, had 
suffered much from Indian warfare. His grandfather, Stephen 
Holden, with his " two biggest sons," — one of them David's 
father, — was taken by the Indians during the summer of 1697, 
and held in captivity for nearly two years ; and his mother was 
a niece of John Davis, who was killed by the Indians, in his 
own door-yard, on October 25, 1704. The site of this tragedy 
is in the neighborhood of the Groton School. 

On July 13, 1 761, David was married to Sarah,daughter of the 
Reverend Phinehas and Sarah (Stevens) Hemenway, of Town- 
send, who was born on October 25, 1739. There is a tradition 
in the family that the first time he ever saw his wife was while 
drilling a squad of men at Groton for the campaign of 1760. 
After his return from the army he lived during some years at 
Townsend, where most of his children were born. At the 
outbreak of the Revolution his sympathies were with the 
Crown ; and so strong was the feeling in his neighborhood 
at that period against the tories, that he was obliged to leave 
his home, when he took up his abode in Hollis, New Hamp- 
shire. His military service had laid the foundation for a 
loyalty to the King which did not swerve even at the cost 
of his personal popularity. 

Captain Whiting, the commander of Sergeant Holden's com- 
pany, was a native of Billerica, where he was born on March 



44 David Holden's Diary 

27, 1734; but at the time of this campaign he was living at 
Westford, The company was recruited from Middlesex 
County, largely from Littleton, Westford, Billerica, and 
Dunstable; and the muster roll is still preserved among 
the Massachusetts Archives (XCVIII.) at the State House, 
in the volume marked "Muster Rolls, 1760-1761 " (VIII. 
313-315). During the Revolution Captain Whiting was a 
resident of Hollis, and he, too, was a tory. An account of 
his adventures with some patriotic women of the neighbor- 
hood is given in Caleb Butler's History of Groton (pages 

336, 337)- 

Mr. Holden died at Hollis, on August 8, 1803, aged 64 
years, and his widow at the same place, on April 7, 1830, 
aged 90 years. He left a " Register " of his children, hand- 
somely written by himself and framed, which is now in the 
possession of a great-grandson, William H. Bunton, of 
Boston. His children were as follows: — 

David, born June 28, 1763, died July 12, 1763 ; Sarah, born De- 
cember 17, 1764, married Lieutenant Benjamin Cummings, of Brook- 
line, N. H., July 20, 1786, as his second wife, and died in the year 
1835 ; Betsey, born September 18, 1766, married David Hale, June 
3, 17S7, and died November 18, 1842 ; D.avid, born July 31, 1769, 
married Bridget Atwell, January i, 1789, and died October 13, 
1823; Phineas Hemenway, born May 8, 1772, married Betsey 
Jewett, January 31, 1799, and died January 29, 1856 ; Lavinia, born 
June 30, 1774, married Andrew Bunton, of Pembroke, N. H., March 
13, 1800, and died November 17, 1836 ; Artemas, born September 
13, 1776, lived in Lowell, and died August 8, 1863 ) Sylvanus, born 
April 3, 1779, and lost at sea, February 5, 181 1 ; and Joshua, born 
April 3, 1781, lived in Boston, and died December 17, 1852. 

After the death of Sergeant David Holden, the Diary 
passed into the hands of a son, Phinehas Hemenway Holden, 
who left it to a daughter Mary, wife of Dexter Greenwood, 
of Hollis, by whom it was given, perhaps thirty-five years 
ago, to her cousin. Dr. Sylvanus Bunton (son of Andrew and 
Lavinia) ; and after Dr. Bunton's death the book came into 



David Holden's Diary 45 

the possession of his son, Henry Sylvanus Bunton, who has 
since given it to the Massachusetts Historical Society. 

According to an advertisement in " The Boston Weekly 
Nevvs-Letter," July 3, 1760, forty-one companies had been 
mustered into the service of the Province during the cam- 
paign of 1760, up to July I, either at Worcester by Com- 
missary Anthony Wheelock, or at Springfield by Ensign 
Campbell, and then marched westward from those towns. 

The Diary consists of 64 pages of a small blank-book, writ- 
ten in a legible hand ; and 104 remaining pages are filled with 
the ordinary notes, usually found in a memorandum book, 
and extending through a period of twelve years. From these 
entries it appears that Sergeant Holden was a farmer and a 
cooper; and occasionally he let his horse or his cart and oxen 
to some of his neighbors to do work. In July, 1765, he has a 
charge of one pound for a " Pigg " against Archibald Mcin- 
tosh, who ten years later was taken prisoner at the Battle of 
Bunker Hill, and who died in Boston jail. On September 2, 
1765, he carts a " Load of Cole from the Battrey ^ to Tarbells 
mills," which were situated in Squannacook Village, now West 
Groton. In January, 1772, he opens an account with Henry 
Price, the first Provincial Grand Master of Masons in New 
England and North America, and he sells him some turnips 
and does some " hooping " for him. There is also given " A 
List of the Schoolars in y- year 1772," at Townsend, which 
then had a population not far from 750 inhabitants. The list 
is as follows : — 

Isaac Kidder David Patt 

Lucy Kidder Joshua Smith 

John Kidder Benj:' Ball 

Jon!' Patt Rachel Ball 10 

James Patt Rebeca Proctor 

Sybel Patt Rachel Proctor 

1 The neighborhood of Battery Hill in the western part of Townsend, near 
the Ashby line. The hill was so called from a garrison house, which once stood 
near its base. 



46 



David Holden's Diary 



Nathan Conant 
Jeremiah Ball 
James Ball 
Molly Ball 
Betty Ball 
Isaac Proctor 
Elisabeth Proctor 
Jacob Baldwin 
Rachel Read 
Patty Read 
Levi Read 
Howard Read 
Joel Read 
Benj!* Read 
Jon? Wallis 
Suse Wallis 
Sybel Wallis 
Isaac Wallis 
John Stevens 
Sam" Stevens 



30 



W2 Stevens 
Molly Stevens 
Abel Gillson 
Daniel Gillson 
Henry Turner 
Benj? Abbot 
Polly Price 
Sam!' Wyman 
Anna Wyman 
Huldy Wyman 
Uzziah Wyman 
Polly Holdin 
Sally Holdin 
Betey Holdin 
Ruth Baldwin 
John Bauldwin 
Jonas Baldwin 
Joseph Willson 
Jn? Willson 
Sarah Willson 



40 



50 



In connection v^ith this Diary, see one kept by Lemuel 
Wood during the same campaign, and printed in the Essex 
Institute Historical Collections (Vols. XIX.-XXI.) ; and also 
another by Samuel Jenks, in the Proceedings (second series, 
V. 352-392) of the Massachusetts Historical Society for 
March, 1890. 



Diary 



DAVID HOLDIN,S 

BOOK BOUGHT 

AT BOSTON 

APRIEL Y^ lY 1760 

PRICE 14/ 

David Holdi7i his Booke If I it Loose and you it find, Restore it 
me for it is nwie 1760 

A Jurnal 

of What was Transacted In the Expedition For the Total Reduction 
of Canada In the Year. A : D. 1760 

On Thursday Febuary f. 20'!' 1760 I David Holdin Inlisted with 
Cap! Leonard Whiting In the Expedition for the Total Reduction of 
Canada 

March yf. 10'!* Past Muster Before Colonel John Bulkley ^ at Groton 

A Jurnal of what was Transacted in the 'Expedition For the 
Total Reduction of Canada In the Year A : D : 1 760 

On Thursday Feb: 20'!' 1760 I David Holdin Inlisted with Cap' 
Leonard Whiting in the Expedition For the Total Reduction of 
Canada 

March y 10"' Past muster Before Lieu! Colo : John Bulkley @ 
Groton 

Apriel f x6'^ Orders Cam,e_lrom-Capt. Whiting that I should 
warn all the men that I had Inlisted, and March them to Harvord 

^ Colonel liulkley was a prominent inhabitant of Groton, who dieJ on 
December 3, 1772, aged 69 years. 



48 David Holden's Diary 

the Next Thursday where I should Joyn his Company on their 
march to Worcester 

On Thursday Apriel f 24 1760 I Sat out from Groton & marched 
With the men to Harvord To Capt Samuel Harskels where we met 
with Cap! Whitings Company, Here we tarried all Night 

25 We marched with 82 men to Cap! Curtices in Worcester 
Where we Tarried all Night 

26 We was all Billited out at Worcester tho at Sundry Places. 
I with my Party was Billeted at John Curtices about Two miles from 
the Town. 

Sunday 27 & 28-'' Companys Kept Coming in & Some Going out 

29 Orders Came that Cap! Whitings Company was to Muster 
Tomorrow morning at 8 o Clock 

30 Cap! Whiting Marched to Worcester Town with 85 men offi- 
cers Included out of which 75 Past muster & Ten only was Rejected. 

We Musterd Before Anthony Whelock a Regular officer 

77iay f I. «& 2!" Companys Coming in & marching out Towards 
Albany 

3 A Create Commotion among the officers Some they Estab- 
lished Some they Ground & Sent Home Took their men and Put 
them under other officers Some they Sent Home Recruting till the 
20 of may. 

Orders Came that Cap! Whitings Company Should Be in Redi- 
ness to march the Next morning accordingly the Cap! payed of all 
his Company their Billiting & ordred them to Prepair for their 
march the Next morning 

Sunday May y' 4-" Cap! Whiting Sat out for Westford and Leiu! 
[Nathaniel] Comings took the Command of the Company with Leiu! 
[Joseph] Boynton. Took a Teem to Carry our Baggage & Provis- 
ions and Be Gan our march with 74 men officers Included h. Come 
about five miles & half To Lanlord Serjeants in Lester where we 
went to Dinner & afterwards marched about Ten miles to Lanlord 
Woolcuts in Brookfield where we tarried all Night. 

5 We marched about [12] miles to Lanlord Shaws in Palmore 
«& tarried all Night. This Day Some of Cap! Hutchins,s Company 
abused a woman & a young Child wounding both the wonij^n & 
the Child. 

6 We Marched about [9] miles To Landlord Persons on Spring- 
field Plain where we tarried all Night ^ a woman belonging to Cap' 



David Holden's Diary 49 

Hutchings,s Company was Brought a bed with a Statly Soldier for 
the king 

7 We marched to Springfield by 8 o Clock in the morning which 
was about Six miles. Here we tarried all Day Cap' Whiting Came 
up to US- 
Four of Cap' HutchingSjS men was put in prison for abuseing 

the people by the way 

8 Past muster this morning before Leiu' Campbell, Drew Seven 
Days Provision Took a Team to Carry our Baggage in and Marched 
about [lo] miles to Lanlord Cap' Claps in Westfield where we 
tarried all Night 

Here we Left Jonas Butterfield [of Dunstable] Lame at the wid- 
dow Ingolsons under the Care of D' Clapum 

9 We Marched 4 miles & half to the foot of the mount of Glas- 
gow [Blandford], where our Team left us »& we was obliged to 
Carry our Packs on our Backs to Shuffield, So we marched Seven 
miles to Landlord Pees,s in Glasgow where we tarried all Night. 

here we Left Freeborn Raimond & Thomas Hildreth [both of 
WestfordJ Sick. 

10 Marched Through the Green-Woods to N- one [Tyringham] 
to M' Jakson which was about 20 miles & tarried all Night. 

11 Sunday We Sat out & Came 10 miles to Landlord Burgats 
in Shuffield & tarried this Night where Cap' Hutchins,s Company 
Tarried 

12 Was Detained till afternoon Before we Could Empress 
waggons to Carry our Baggage after which we Sat out with Cap' 
[Thomas] Bemans Company and Came about Eleven miles to 
Landlord Lovejoys where we Tarried all Night. 

13 We marched about [15] miles To Landlord Follicumburrers 
in Kinderhook where we Left Benj- Pollard [of Westford,] Sick 
with the Chiken Pox & Abraham Taylor & Caleb Hustone [both of 
Westford] to take Care of him Cap! Hammonts Company Came 
up & tarried with us. 

14 It being a wet wet Day Did not march till 12 o'Clock Then 
Sat out & Came about 10 miles to the Half way House Where Capt 
Whitings & Cap! Hamments Companys Tarried all Night. My self 
& Two others Sat out for Greenbush in order to Git Quarters for 
our Company & Came about Seven miles & tarried at a Dutch 
Tavorn. 

4 



50 David Holden's Diary 

15 We Came in to Greenbush & Provided a Place, & Barn for 
our Company about 3 miles Below the City of Albany about one 
o'clock our Company Came in here we tarried all Night 

16 Orders Came that we should March up the River to Colo: 
Ransleys accordingly we Did & there was about 600 men all as- 
sembled of the Massachusetts Troops whereupon a Detachment 
was sent to Half moon Consisting of one Leiu^ Two Serjeants 30 
men of which 5 went out of our Company, viz. Leiul Cumings took 
the Command of the party Serj^ [Peter] Procter Josiah Procter 
[both of Littleton] Samuel Fassetts [of VVestford] Andrew Farmer 
[of Billerica]. 

After which we was Ferried over the River to Albany Drew Two 
Days Provisions Took 79 Battoes Loaded them with 20 Barrills 
provisions in each Boat with Seven Hands on Board of each & 
Sat Sail with a fair wind up the River & Came about Six miles to 
Cap' Vanornoms where we Landed & tarried all all Night & it was 

very we! 

17 We Sat Sail in the morning & Came up the River about 9 miles 
& Encamped it Being a wet Night. 

18 Sunday We Sat out & Came up very Bad Falls about Two 
miles and half to the Head of the falls where we was obliged to 
wade up all the falls & Draw the Battoes here we Encampt, it Being 
a wet Night. 

19 We Sat Sail & Came about one mile & half where we unloded 
our Boats & tarried Cheif of the Day. Towards Night we Hoisted 
Sail & Sat out with a fair Wind & Came down to Half moon in an 
hour & half This was 9 miles here we Drew a days allowance & 
tarried all Night, here we left Simeon Cumings [of Dunstable] 
y" Leiu' 

20 This was a wet morning We Stowed 40 men in a Boat & Came 
down to albany & Drew 4 Days Provisions. 

Was ordred to Load other Boats & Go another Trip up the River 
with Provisions accordingly we did & came up about a mile above 
the City & Encamped. Abraham Taylor Benjamin Pollard & Caleb 
Hustone Came up to us, that we Left At Kinderhook. also Samuel 
Hawood [of Billerica] & Timothy Twist [of Woburn] that we Left 
at Worcester. 

2 1 We Sat Sail & Came about a mile above the fort at Half moon 
& Encamped 



David Holden's Diary 51 

22 We Came up the falls and Encamped. 

23 Sat out & came to the Landing Place unloaded our Boats 
Came Down to half moon & tarried all Night 

24 Here we Left all our Boats only Just enough to Carry the men 
in, & Sat out Came down to albany where we Landed Below the 
Town & was forbid going into the City by Reason of the Small Pox. 
orders Came that the massachusetts Troops Should march, accord- 
ingly 10 Companys Marched upon the Hill above the City, Con- 
taining 564 men officers Included where Three other companys 
of the same Coar was already Encampt. Here we Drew our Tents 
& pitched them in order a man of the Second Battallion Royal 
Hiland Regiment Rec'.' 999 Lashes for Leaving his Poast when on 
Sentry 

25 Sunday A Detachment of 100 men was Sent out into the 
woods to Look up Kings oxen, Seven Sloop Loads of men arived 
here of the New York Rhod Island & Jersey Troops, A party of 
about 30 men were Sent to Crown Point under the command of 
Lieu' Clark two of which Belong, d to our Company, viz. David 
Kemp [of Groton] & John Heald [of Townsend] Jonas Butterfield 
[of Dunstable] that we Left Lame at westfield Came up to us A 
Detachment of men was orderd to look up oxen But it Being a wet 
Day they Did not Go 

26 Drew Six Days Provision, Serj' Craggitt [Cragin, of Acton] of 
Cap' W™ Barrens Company was taken Sick with the Small Pox 

27 The Serj- was Carried into the Hospitle. Orders Came that 
Cap! [Daniel] Mi'falings & Cap! [John] Clapums Companys Should 
March with a Detachment out of each of the Remaining Companys 
To Fort Miller & Saratoga (12 of which went out of Cap! Whiting 
Company) Under the Command of Major Hawks viz. David Trull 
[of Littleton], Jonathan Hartwel, Joseph Hartwell [of Westford], 
Benj? worster [of Littleton], Thompson Maxwell [of Bedford], 
Timothy Priest [of Lincoln], Benj? Allen [of Lincoln], Jon'' Peirce 
[of Woburn], George Hiber [of Littleton], John Robinson [of Dun- 
stable], John Walker [of Lincoln], & Jon? Lawrence [of Littleton] 
They ware all Paraded after which they was all Dismisst and ordred 
to appear upon the Parade tomorrow morning at Day Brake. 

28 General Election at Boston The men that was Detacht yes- 
terday Marched off about 250 of them, a Detachment were sent out 
after oxen The officers Drew Lots to see Vvhich of them should go 



52 David Holden's Diary 

down the Country to Look for Disarters & it fell to Cap^ Whiting & 
U King & they sat out This was a Showrey Day 

29 Nothing Remarkable. 

30 Cap' [Thomas] Ferringtons ^ & Cap! Jinks Marched with 
their Companys & a Detachment out of the Remaining Company in 
Camp, Some ware Sent back after they had Sat out a Corprol & 4 
men went out of our Company viz. Corp! Benj^ Baulding [Baldwin, 
of Billerica], Joseph Pollard [of Westford], Jona'!- Pollard Ephraim 
Johnson David Rumrill & Ephraim Johson — Freeborn Raimond 
& Thomas Hildreth Came up here that we Left Sick at Glasgow 
[Blandford]. Took 4 Days Provissions 

31 Orders that all the massachusetts Troops Should be Draw,d 
up at the Head of their En-Campment at 4 o'Clock this evening. & 
at 5 o'clock his Exelency General Amhurst with a Number of other 
officers Came to View us after which we ware all Dismisst. 

A Return of all the fire arms was made that Belonged to to the 
Massachusetts Troops & amonition was Drawn 

Sufiday if yune a man Belonging to Cap^ Martins Company 
Receiv'd 50 Lashes for Not Doing his Duty orders that 300 of the 
Rhode Island Troops March up the River this afternoon, & that all 
the Massachusetts Troops Now Encampt Should Strike their Tents 
tomorrow morning at Day Brake. & that the Regment of 1000 
should be allowed Provision or the four Pence,s in Leu of it for 
four Women ? Company and those of 700 for Three Women '^ 
Company A Weekly Return was made our Company at this time 
was Reduced to 48 men officers Included. 

2 Struck our tents & Sat out for Fort Edward, took one Battoe 
to a Company to Carry the Tents & oiificers baggage & Camp aeque- 
page & Came up as far as Half moon & Encamp! 

3 We Took Battoes to Compleat the Whole with 7 men to a 
Boat with Provision Corn & hay & Came up as far as the foot of the 
falls below Still water unloaded our Boats & Encampt. 

4 Sat out & Came up Two pair of Falls & then arived at Still 
water where we Loaded our boats with 30 Barrils of flower. Or 25 
of Pork Pees or Rice, this was a very Rainy Day & a tedious time 
we had of it & the men Cheifly tarried here all Night But I with my 

1 Captain Thomas Farrington commanded a Groton comi^any, of which a 
" Return of Men " is given iii the Appendix (pp. 1 1 7-1 19). 



David Holden's Diary 53 

Boats Crew Came about 5 miles farther to the great fly so called 
& encampt. 

5 We Sat out &: Came as far as the falls above Saratoga, this was 
a very Tedious Rainy time & we Encampt 

6 This also was a wet Day unloaded part of the Boats & took 
them up the falls Carried the provisions in waggons one mile & 
half 

7 It Still Remains Wet Unloaded the Remainder of the Bat- 
toes & took them up the falls & Encamp^ 

8 Sunday Dull Lowrey Still hangs over our heads. Loaded our 
boats & came up Two miles & half to the Carting place opisite Fort 
miller where we unloaded the Battoes Drew them out put them on 
wagon & Carried them half a mile by land & the provisions, & 
Lanjt them into the River again. Cap' Whiting Came up to us 
this Day. 

here we Left Freeborn Raimond in the Room of Jonathan 
pollard. 

9 Loaded our Battoes as Usual And Sat out for fort Edward & on 
the way we meet a Number of the Hiland Troops Coming Down the 
River in Battoes who was a going to Joyn General Amhurst arived 
at Fort Edward & unloaded our Battoes & Encampt. Lieu! James 
Conch was Broke & Sent Home. Several Shours this Day Here 
we Left Moses Shattuck [of Littleton]. 

\^One leaf of the Diary here ifiissi>ig.'\ 

16 Sat Sail & Came to Crown Point Fort where we Landed & 
Pitched our tents. Had Intillegence of Major Roggers,s ^ Fight 
within about 50 miles of S' Johns Where they had a very warm En- 
gagement a parly of about 5 or 600 of the Enemy fell upon 300 of 
our Rangers & Proventials fought them for Considrable Time & 
Killed Nine of our men on the Spott & wounded 13 more 10 of 
which Died soon after Cap! Noah Johnson was Killed at the Same 
Time. Tis thought they Killed a Large number of the Enemy but 
Never Could find out how many for they being so Numerious they 
Carried off their Dead. John Heald & David Keemp Joyn,d our 

1 Major Robert Rogers, an officer of the French and Indian War, who com- 
manded a famous body of troops known as the Rogers Rangers. He was a 
native of Dunbarton, N. H., where he was born about the year 1730, and died 
in England about 1800, after a life of singular adventures and vicissitudes. 



54 David Holden's Diary 

Company again that was Sent from albany the 25 of June [May] 
Last. We had Several very Smart Thunder Showers here this Day. 

17 Four of Cap' Ferringtons men Joyn,d our Company viz 
David Sawtell Jonathan Holdin Nath" Green & Ephraim Keemp. 
[all of Groton]. 

Likewise Peletiah Whittemore [of Dunstable] & henry Foster [of 
Billerica] that we Left at Green bush Sick Came up to us Detach- 
ments of men for Fatigue till there was Scersly a man Left in Camp. 

A Number of Rhode Island Troops arived & Encampt here 

18 A Small Light was Discoverd on the other Side of the Lake 
Just Before Sun Sit Whereupon Maj- Skeen, Cap! Brewer, & Cap! 
James Roggers of the Rangers with about 30 men went out in Two 
Battoes & one whale Boat on the Discovery & was gone all Night. 
Cap! Hutchins of the Proventials also went out 

19 This morning the Party Came in. Brought in Two English 
Prisoners that was Taken Last Winter who Ran away from the 
Indeans & Built a Light that they might be Discovred By the 
Garrison. 

This Day Cap! Foot Came in with about 116 other Prisoners in 
the Brigg with a Flagg of Truce from the french who Give account 
that y? French are So Short of provision they Could Keep them no 
Longer Two Companys of the Massachusets Troops arived here, 
viz. Cap! Wintsworths & Cap! Jaksons. 

20 An Express went to Ticonderoga a Small Party of men went 
Down the Lake with Major Skeen 

21 Wet Day Cap! Whiting Inlisted Carpenters to work in the 
Fort Cap'- Jeffords Company arived here 

22 S7(?iday. Nothing Remarkable 

23 This was a wet Day, Major Roggers arived here from his 
Scout at Saint Johns, Brought in 25 Prisoners 

24 A man of the massachusetts Received 100 Lashes for his 
Insolent Language to his Ensign the Cremonal,s Name was John 
Bunker [of York]. 

25 A Party was Sent Down the Lake to Bring in the Remainder 
of the Prisoners Five Companys of the Massechusetts Troops arived 
here 

26 Orders that a Party Should be Sent Down to putnums Point 
for Cutting Timber 

27 Colo: [Joseph] IngersoU Major [Caleb] Willard 3 Cap'.' 9 



David Holden's Diary SS 

Subs. 9 Serj'" & 300 of the Massechusetts Troops Embarkt for Put- 
nums Point, a Return of the Gunners was made, a Rany Day. 

28 Cap! Jonas,s Company with a Detachment from the massa- 
chusetts & Rhode Islanders was ordred away as Gunners & marcht 
Down to the water side & Encampt 

29 Sunday. The Three Whale Boats Came in that went Down 
the Lake after y*; Prisoners. 

30 A Command Consisting of one Cap! Two Subs Four Serj'.' & 
a 100 proventials To proceed to the Saw mills with 16 Battoes for 
provisions in 8 of them & 8 to be Loaded with Boards. Two men 
Carried out of Camp Sick with the small Pox. 

if y«/}'. A party Consisting of Two Subs Four Noncomision,d 
officers and 58 Proventials, were order,d Down the Lake to Releive 
the Same Number of Regulers on Board the Sloops. Leonard But- 
terfield & Jonas Butterfield [both of Dunstable] went out of Cap! 
Whitings Company 

2". Orders that No Sutler Should [sell] any Liquor after gun 
Fire. Ensign Emerson Willcutt & [Joseph] Hatfield [both of Brook- 
field], Joyn. Cap* Whitings Company. 

3 Cap! Silas Brown with a 100 men were Sent up to Joyne Colo 
Ingersol at Putnums Point. 

George Morris of the market & the Ranging Sutler had their 
Liquor Stove for Disobeying orders, orders that the Sutler of the 
Rangers & George Morris of the market that had their Liquor Stove 
this Day. To Quit Crown Point Emediately. if they hereafter are 
found in the Camp or in any Post Between this & Albany they will be 
whipt & Drum,d out a very Smart Thunder Shower this Evening 

4 One of Cap! Baileys men was Carried out of Camp with the 
Small Pox Brigadier Ruggles arived here this Day. Peter Jones 
[of Boston] of Cap! Martins Company Receid 50 Lashes for Re- 
fusing to Do his Duty & for Insolent Language Confin/' By Capt. 
Abiel Peirce 

5 A Bark Conoe was Brought in with 6 Indians, & Said they 
Came from General Johnson across the Woods from Oswego. & had 
a french Sculp 

6 Sufiday. Sent the 6 Indians in a Battoe with a Serj'- & 7 men 
to the Landing Place at Ticonderoga 

7 A Party Consisting of i Cap! 2 Subs 4 Serj" & 100 men of 
the Proventials ware Sent up to the Saw mills with 16 Battoes for 



56 David Holden's Diary 

Provisions and to Return again as soon as Possable This was a 
very hot Day 

8 This morning about Sun Rise a Party of the Rangers Being 
at work was fir,cl upon by the Enemy & in y': Scurmage i man was 
Killed & Six wounded it Lasted about half an hour Major Roggers 
with a Party of the Rangers & Light Infantry went in persuite after 
them. Being Regimented Cap' Whitings Company Comes into the 
2I Battallion in Brigadier [Timothy] Ruggles,s Reg' Com'! by Lieu! 
Colo : IngersoU mov'^ & pitcht our tents in Regimental order 

9 Major Roggers Came in with the Party But Could find Nothing 
of Nor any Sines of them. 

10 one of the Proventials Receiv,d 100 Lashes for neglect of 
Duty. 

11 A man Rec'! 50 Lashes for Using the word to one of his 
Sergeants Dam ye to hell & wishing him there 

12 A man of y': Massachusetts Troops Rec"! 500 Lashes for 
Inlisting twice & Disarting after wards 

13 Sunday. One of the Regulars was Confin,d to our Quarter 
Guard by one of the Provential officers for his Misbehavour to him 
& passing the Sentry with out order, where upon Emediately A 
mobb was Rais,'^ By the Regulers & Came to Repleive the Prisioner 
at the Guard house & Knockt Down the Sentrees at the Guard house 
Dore & Let out y" prisner Whereupon Emediately the Piquet was 
all Rais,d & persued them & fird Two guns upon them took some 
prisoners the Rhode Islanders Caught the prisner 

14 This morning 4 of Cap! Jenks,s men Confin,d by their Cap! 
for forging orders against him & 111 Treatment was Brought to the 
Post one Rec'! 250 Lashes one 150, one 50 the other was Sat free 
by the Brigadier 

15 An Exceeding Dry Time for y^ Season one of y*; Regulars was 
flog,d for Striking one of the Proventials at y*: Spring and Braking 
Two of his Ribs 

16 Nothing Remarkable Happened this Day, The Train Threw 
Several Bumbs to P[r]actise at a mark 

17 A Dull Time for Nues in Camp 

18 A very Smart Thunder shower was Draw,d up & after Role 
Calling Had Prairs of one of y^ Provential Chaplins which was y': 
first Prairs We have had Since we Came in Camp 

19 Major Hawks,s Party arived here 12 of which Joynd Cap' 
Whitings Company that was Draughted from it at albany 



David Holden's Diary 57 

20 Sunday Began to Do Serj* Majors Duty 

21 The Brigg & Sloop Came in from Ticonderoga 

22 150 men Were Sent to Ticonderoga in Battoes for Provisions, 
Came Back this Evening. 

23 A Boat Came in from yf Sloops. 

24 A Rainy Day. Two sloops Came in from y? advance Guard. 
Cap: Hutchings arived here from Gen! amherst & Joyn,'^ the 
Rangers. 

25 A Detachment of 400 Regulers, Proventials & Rangers Ex- 
cluding officers wers Sent to the Saw Mill in Battoes for Provisions 

26 A Rainy Day. 

27 Sunday. Had Preaching. 

28 No Extroydonaries Hapend this Day 

29 A Command of about 80 Proventials & 40 Rhode Islanders 
Excluding officers were Sent Towards N? 4 With 2 Days Provisions 
in order to meet y" N: Hampshir Reg! who By Intilligence of Two 
men that Came from them & ariv,'' here Last Night was Like to 
Suffer for want of Provision. 

30 A party of one Serjl & 24 men were Sent to Ticonderoga for 
Sheep 

31 The Party Came in with y" N Hampshir Reg' & Encamp* 
Near the Grenadiers Encampment 

Aug*, y'r I Very wet in yf morning, orders that all the Boats to 
be Delivered to the respective Reg'? of Regulers, as well as Proven- 
tials in order to Examin the Same & fitt them Better if Possable, 
Notwithstanding no orders yet ariv,d Determining the Time of Em- 
barcation, therefore the following Detachment was orderd out to fit 
& Secure them, viz. 6 Cap'? 19 Subs, 52 Serj'? & 523 men from all 
the Corps L' W- Holdin arived here 

A follower of the army Rec! 1000 Lashes^ for Stealing & was 
Drumi out of Camp with a Halter about his Neck & his Crime wrote 
& Pind upon his Brest & So Sent to Albany. 

2 A Detachment Consisting of i Cap! 3 Subs, 5 Serj'r & in Sea- 
men of the Massachusetts & Rhode Islanders to Embark on Board 
his Majestys Brigg the Duke Cumberland. 

3 Sunday A party Consisting of 200 men Excluding officers 

1 This number seems incredible, but the figures are perfectly plain. See 
also entry of August 10. 



58 David Holden's Diary 

went with Majf Burk over to yf other Side yf Lake to Cutting Tim- 
ber Yf New Hampshire Reg' Past muster Before L' Small 

4 Peter Linsey [of Boston] of Cap! martins Company Rec'! 250 
Lashes for making an atemp' to Disart Rich! Gattoway ^ [of Bos- 
ton] of yf afores'! Company Rec'! 40 Lashes for making a Disturbance 
in M'. Hubby,s Markee & using y" Adjeant with Insolent Language 

one of Cap! Harts men Rec'! 20 lashes for Refusing to go on 
Duty when orderd by his Serj! 

5 A Detachment of 100 men was Sent to falling trees towards the 
Block Houses with Major Hawks a man Carried out of Camp with 
y*: Small Pox. 

6 xA.n Express Came in from Generel Amherst to Colonel Haver- 
land, also money to Pay of the Soldiers Part of their Wages. 

7 Making Ready as fast as Possable for an Embarcation in order 
for a Trial at Isle au Noix or S: Johns 

8 Orders that the army Should hold them Selves in Rediness for 
an Embarcation at the Shortest Notice. Maj' Burks Party Came in, 
& Colo : Ingersols from Putnams Point. 3 Indians Seen on the 
other Side the Lake 

9 Several Detachments was orderd out this Day. 40 men of 
the Massachusetts Joynd the artillery. Was in the greatest Prepa- 
ration for an Embarcation 

10 Simday. Rich'! Galloway of Cap! Martins Company Rec'l 900 
Lashes for fighting Striking & threatning ofificers & for abusefuU Lan- 
guage to them &c. The Recrutes Came in viz Colo : Whitcombes 
Reg! from yf Massachusetts An Express Came in from the Brigg. 
Orders that the army Should Strike their Tents Tomorrow morning 
& Embark in order to pass Lake Champlain, also how they Should 
Proceed, & in what form they Should Go & in what Posicion they 
Should form to Land. 

11 Loaded our boats with 5 Barrills of flower & 3 of Pork, & 
upon yf Sygnal of a Gun from the artillery Park the General Beat, 
upon which the army Struck their Tents & put them on board their 
Battoes, & upon the Sygnal of a Second Gun, the army assembled & 
march, d Down to their boats & Embarkt But Not put off from yf 
Shore And the Sygnal was made on board the Leginear Rideau 
[Radeau] upon which the Army Sat Sail But with a Contarary wind 

The Number of Vessals and Boats the fleet Consisted of is as fol- 

1 See entry under August 10, where the nanie is written Galloway. 



David Holden's Diary 59 

lows viz. One Brigenteen 4 Sloops, 3 Rideaus [Radeaux], 3 Prows, 
2 Large Boats, 263 Batteaus Large & Small, 41 Whale Boats, 12 
Canoes & Proceeded about Six miles* & Landed on the west Shore, 
advanc.d a Piquet according to former order & Encamp! 

12 Embarkt in y? morning Sat Sail with a Contarary wind & 
Came about 8 miles & Came too in Butten mole [Button Mould] 
Bay & Encampt on yf Shore 

13 This morning a Councill was held upon Cap'. Shores «& he 
was Broke & Sent Back to Crown Point for his miss Conduct in 
times Past, altho the Sentence was Past upon him Before, yet it 
was not Reveald to him till now 

Sat Sail But the wind Still holdes very Conterary & we Came 
about 10 miles & Encampt Near Legenier [Ligonier] Bay Harbour 
on the west Side the Lake 

14 We Sat Sail with a very fair wind But Stormy & very Ruff 
wether & Ariv,*^ at Schyler Island which Days Sail was about 30 odd 
miles & on our Voyage this Day one man was Drownded another 
axedentally Shott himself & tis to be feard very Mortally wounded. 

had further Intillegence of Several Boats Being Cast away And 
the men Lost Some of which Belonged to y? Rangers 

15 The wind Still Holds fair but not So Boistrious as Yesterday. 
Yet Several Boats was Cast away & Some Stove on the Shore we 
Came about 35 miles & Encampt on Isle La: Motte. Orders Came 
how the army Should Proceed & in what form they Should go and 
how they Should form to Land, and above all it is highly Recom- 
mended that we Should pay no Regard to Popping Shotts from y? 
Shore & that no man Should fire out of any Boate also it is Recom- 
mended that Nothing be Done in a Hurrey which will Prevent 
Confusion Clean'! our fire Locks, & Compleated yf men with 
ammunission 

16':^ About 3 o'clock this morning we all Embarkt & Sat Sail for 
Isle au Noix which was about 10 miles & Came & Landed on the 
Est Shore about i o'Clock within about 2 miles of the Fort without 
any greate matter of moUistation The french fired Several Shotts at 
our Rideau [Radeau] & Sloops & our People fir"? Some at them Vv'e 
Encampt & made a Brest worke, half yP men up & y? other to Lay 
on their arms this Night, we hove Several Bumbs in the night. 

17 Sunday . Pritty Calm this morning about firing, About 8 
o'clock Cap! Clagg Belonging to the Train on board of a Small 



6o David Holden's Diary 

Artillery Rideau, Bore away Towards the fort whose orders was to 
go on till fir,d upon, accordingly he Did & By a Six Pounder had 
Both his Legs Shott off after which y? Cap' soon Died, 5 more 
wounded, one of which had Both his Legs Shott off, the other 4 
one Legg apeice Soon after one or Two Dy,d Corp! Majery of Cap! 
Baileys Company was Broke & VVhipt 300 Lashes for Denying his 
Duty. Keept on fortifying Clearing a Rhode, &c. Very Calm & 
but Little firing the Remainder of this Day one man Carried to 
Crown Point with yf Small Pox. 

18 Fired Several Cannon at the men at worke oppisit y? fort, But 
to Little Purpose also fired upon our Rangers & Kill,d one with 
their Small arms in a Boat 

Pritty Calm & But Little firing 

Began to build our Battries for Bumb «& Cannon 

19 Moved our Encampment & Encampt oppisit the Fort, in 
about half a mile of it, in a very thick Place of woods & made a Brest 
work Both in front »S: Rear was fir,d upon from the fort But Rec'.' 
no Damage 

20 A Disarter came from the french & Resin, d himself to our 
guard this morning about Day brake. He gives us an account that 
there is about 1500 men in the fort & that they are Short of Ammo- 
nission & have but Nine Peaces of cannon in the fort fir,d very 
hot on our men at work at the Battries Detachments ware Sent to 
work at the Battrys all Night this was a Rainey Day 

21 Landed Part of our Artillery Was fired upon at the Battries 
had 7 or Eight men wounded Two fals alarams in the night one of 
which was a Little before Day brake & our men fir,d from one End 
of yP Lines to the other But no Enemy was near to oppose us 

2 3 A man carried out of Camp with y? Small pox. Keept on 
building ik Repairing the batry,s as fast as Possable in order for a 
warm Reception 3 French Prisoners was brol in that was taken 
Between S' Johns & Montreal, for which the men that Took them 
had 50 Guineas Reward y!-' Party Consisted of a Serj' & 6 men 

23 Open,d Three of our Battries at 3 o'clock this afternoon 
upon the Sygnal of a gun from the artillery & which Time the Drums 
& fifes Beating a Pint of war from one End of yf Lines to the other, 
after which we Blazed away very Smartly from our Battries one 
man was Kill,d & Sculpt by yP the Ligans, 2 more Kill,d & 2 
wounded 



David Holden's Diary 61 

24 Sunday. Began to Errect a new batry Below y= fort to Pre- 
vent the french going off, as we Preceiv,cl they was making Ready for 
an Escape, the Party that was at worke at the New battry was fir,d 
upon from the fort By their Cannon wounded 15 of our men, Some 
tis to be feard mortally this was a Lowry wet Day 

25 Cleared off We Blazed very hot upon them all this fore 
noon. Took three Vessals from them viz one Rideau one Topsail 
Schooner & a Sloop and 30 odd men on Board of them who gave 
Intillegance that there was about 150 men Kill,d this Day by our 
Cannon Bumbs & Small arms & that there was a Regf of Brigaids 
Joynd them Had one man killed at yf Lower battry this Day with a 
Cannon ball from yf french he Belonged to Capl Barrons,s Company 
made a Trial Last night to Cut away the Boam that the french had 
fix'? across the Lake from the fort to the Est Shore to Prevent our 
Shipping going Past the fort. 

26 Orders for a Number of men to go on bord the Prize Vessals 
Consisting of 165 men officers Included to go Voluntiers from the 
Proventials, also for 41 men to List out of the Massachusetts Reg'? 
to Joyne Major Roggers as Rangers in Lieu of that Number of the 
New hampshires that was not fit for Rangers Thompson Maxwell, 
of Cap' Whitings Company Listed a Ranger. & Serjf [Jonas] Parker 
[of Chelmsford], Sam'.' Treadwell [of Littleton] Thaddeus Read 
[of Westford] & John Robinson [of Dunstable] wint on Board 
the Prizes. 

27 This was a thick foggy morning •& the more so By the 
Smoake of the Cannon & bumbs Both of the french & English for 
they Played very Smartly on Both Sides But y'= french threw no 
Shells at us But the Cannon Crackt as tho the Heavens & Earth 
was Coming together for Cheif of the Day 

A Ball from the Enemy Came through one of our Amberzoers 
[embrasures] & into a Magazean Where was many Shells & Car- 
tridges & Sat it on fire and Brew it up Broake about 20 Shells 
which Killed 2 men & wounded 2 more very bad, one of those that 
was killed Belonged to the Massachusetts, the other to the \f'^ 
Reg! The french Played very Smartly with their Cannon all this 
Day 

28 Last Night the french Disarted the Fort, Took of all their 
Baggage which they Could Carry on their backs & made their 
Escape off as fast as they Could Left a number of their Sick & 



62 David Holden's Diary 

wounded but the Exact number I cannot tell, about 20 french Regu- 
lars Came & Resin,d themselves. We took Possesion of their fort 
& hoisted King Georges Colours on the Walls, Sent our Flower to 
be Bak'.' in their ovens, had French Bread & Pork to our allowance 
Seven of the Rangers Persu'-' the army & took one from their Rear 
& Got Considrable Plunder Four of the Light Infantry Brought in 
2 french Prisoners that they took near S' Johns Began to Embark 
our artillery & fix as fast as Possable in order to make a Push upon 
S' Johns 

As to the Cituation of y? Isle Au Noix it is cituate & Lying very 
Low in the Center of the Lake & has a very Strong Fortress on it 
& is very Strongly Piqueted in all Round & Contains about acres 
tho very Low & Swampy Create Part of it & Cheifly Cleard up 

29 Embark'.' all our artillery that was thought Necesary to Carry 
along with us Orders that Boats Should be took over to the Island 
& Loaded with 5 Barrills of Provisions & Brought Back again to 
the Side next our Encampment & that yP Tents Should be Struck 
Tomorrow morning half an hour after Reveillie Beating & the army 
to be Redy to Embark when orderd 

30 Struck our tents this morning & Put them with our Baggage 
on board the Battoes After which the army soon Embarkt & Sat 
Sail with a fare wind for S' Johns Our orders was to Keep in the 
Same Posision as former orderd & to form a Line to Land in the Same 
manner when orderd, which was to be Told us & Which Shore we 
Should Land on Left all our Sick & wounded at the Island with 
officers & Soldiers Draughted from the Proventials in order to 
Keep the Fort 

When y? Front of our army Came in Sight of S' Johns, Fort, & 
the grand Jeoble [Diable] that we took at Isle au Noix had fir,d 
one or 2 Shotts at it, the french Sat it all on fire & made their Escape 
as fast as Possably they Could, Major Roggers with his men over 
took Some of them t'v: had a Scurmage with them. Lost 2 men 
& one or Two more wounded one of which was L' Stone who 
was Shott Through the foot the Rear of our army Landed about 
2 o'clock & En Camp'? 

31 Sunday. Major Roggers Took & Brought in 17 Prisoners 
amongest which was one Major & i Cap! of yV french army Orders 
Came Last night for the army to throw up a Brest work in the front 
of our Encampment, accordingly we Began it this morning, Soon 



David Holden's Diary 63 

after which orders Came to the Conterary S^ Johns is Cituate on 
y': west Side the Lake [River] & according to Apperance it was a 
Prity Strong fortres & ButifuUy Cituated Before it was Consumd 

there is Considrable Clear'' Ground But few Emprovenients 
Orders Came that the army Should Strike their Tents Tomorrow 
morning a Quarter after Revallie Beating in order to go to S! Therese 
Colonel Haverland Sent a Packit to General Murrey Very Cold 
for the Time of Year 

if Septem: Struck our Tents according to orders & Put them on 
board Orders that as the Army is now going into the Inhabitant 
Part of the Country, therefore it is order.d that none of the Inhabit- 
ance are Plundred or 111 Us,d on any Pretence. Whoever are De- 
tected Disobeying this order will be Hanged & that we Should 
Take nothing without being Regularly Paid for This is Done to 
Induce the Inhabitance to Stay in their Villages, & good Usuage will 
Prevent their men from Joyning their French Army The Army 
Embarkt About 3, o'clock in the afternoon & Sat Sails & as our 
Battalion is the Rear Guard we Came about 2 Miles to the head of 
the falls & Encampt But y? Regulars & those in yf front went Down 
y;^ falls & ariv,d at S! Therese this Night 

2 Sat out this morning & Came Down y^ falls without much 
Difoculty & ariv'.' at S^ Therese which is about 6 miles from S' 
Johns Here was on the West Side the Lake a Little Snugg For- 
tress Before it was Consuiti,d but there was the Stockad & Pikets 
Standing, and a ButifuU Little Trench Round it Here we Encamp^ 
on the west Shore & Began to throw up a Brest work at the front of 
our Encampment Majf Roggers Brought in 2 french Prisoners 

3 This was a wet Day, We finesh'.' our Breast work Here was 
2 or 3 french familys who Came in & Traided with us & Past & Re- 
past without any mollistation they Exchang,d Green Peas & other 
Comodities for Salt Pork and Salt which was very Scerce amonge 
them & hard to be got Bought Horses, from them & had their 
assistance in Drawing our Artillery 

4 Clear,d off A Detachment of about 200 men were Sent to 
Fort Chambelle [Chambly] in order to Lay Siege & Take it with 
Some Artillery Accordingly This Day about 2 o'Clock in the after 
noon they Surrendred only at y? Discharge of 2 Cannon & 2 Shells 
being hove into yf^ fort They Sent in this Night about 12 o Clock 
70 odd French Prisoners 



64 David Holden's Diary 

5 A Detachment of 400 men were Sent Down to Joyn them at 
Chamble a Detachment Consisting of i Cap' 4 Subs 5 Serj'f & 60 
Rank & File Took Ten Battoes & Sat out for y": Isle Au Noix for 
Provisions A Party of Cap' Hazens Rangers came in with an Ex- 
peres from Genrol Murrey they Left the army Last Night in about 
12 miles from Montreal Some french officers Came in with them 
with Horses 

6 A Detachment was Sent to meet those at S' Johns that went 
to the Isle au Noix Yesterday for Provisions & meet them & Re- 
turned here with y*: Provisions All the french & waggon they Could 
Raise were Sat to Carrying the Provisions to Chambalee all this 
day & have Been Three Trips & Seem to be very Chearfull in Serv- 
ing their new Master The Battoes was all Sent to the Island 
oppisit the Stockaded Fort & moor,d of in the Streem Drew Six 
Days Provisions 

7 Sunday Orders Came & the army marched for Montreal Ex- 
cepting the Sick & them we Left on the Island Some was Sent to 
Chambale, The French Carried our Baggage & artillery with their 
Carrages & horses we marched to Chambale which is 4 miles from 
thence we marched till about 10 oClock at Night & Encamp^ in the 
woods as to the Cituation of Chambale & the fort it is Finely 
Cituate on the South Side the River Surrell [Sorel] & a Little Snug 
Fortress wholly Built with Stone & Lime, & many fine Suttlements 
round it. one thing more I shall Just Remark w'l is Some thing 
Strang tho of but little Consiquen which is that there was Ice at 
Chambale near 8 Inches thick which has been Since Last winter 

8 We marched & arived at Montrol which is about 25 miles 
from Chambalee & Encam'.' on the East Side the River S? Lawrence 
Oppiset the City of montreal which was Surrendered to Gen! Amherst 
this very Day ; Here was Gen; Amhersts Army Encamp'^ on the 
West Side the River Above the Town, & Genl Murreys Army on the 
Same Side Encamp*? below the Town, But the Town Surrendered 
without much Blood Shead for I Beleave they thought it was But 
little worth their while to Stand any Rangle with us Gen! Amhersts 
army had a Spat with the Light Horse about 15 miles above the City 
of montreal oppisit the Town of the Cocknawagon [Coughnawaga] 
Indeans, But Received But Little or no harm from them 

On our march from Chambalee to Moreal there was very fine 
Suttlements all the way & very Civer Usuage We Received from 



David Holden's Diary 65 

them ; The Town of Deprare Ly,s on the East Side the River about 
6 miles from Montreal The French Treat us on our march with 
the Utmost Sevelity, More over our army was very Cautious in Not 
abuseing any of them or their Substance General Amherst Returns 
the Troops under his Com'! Abundance of thanks for their So 
Strictly observing his orders 

9 A man Belonging to Cap' Baileys Company Died very Sudden 
after he had Eat his Dinner 

as to y*: Cituation of montreal y": City Lyeth on the west Side y^ 
River and is very Butifully Cituated Close along upon y": water & 
the Surburbs or other Settlements Lay up & Down the River for 
many miles in Length & a very ButifuU Leavel Place as Ever I Saw, 
& appears to have many very fine farms on Both Sides the River & 
fine Churches 

10 Orders Came that the Provential Troops Proceed as fast as 
Possable to Crown Point under y*; Command of Brigadier Ruggles, 
Accordingly the army marched But the Sick was Sent in Battoes By 
water to Chambalee where they was to meet the army I Being un- 
able at this time to march went By water So we Sat Sail lo Battoes 
of us & Came down the River about 6 Leags & Landed & tarried 
all Night at a French Village & they Us'd us very Cively 

1 1 We Sat Sail this morning with a fair wind & a very Brisk Gail 
& Came to a Place Called Surrell [Sorel] where we Took in an Eng- 
lish Prisoner that had Been Two years with them this Surrell Lyeth 
15 Leags Below montreal, here the River Surrell Emtys it Self into 
y". River S' Lawrence St Lawrences River from Montreal to this 
Place Runs a N N: East Pint, & all the way upon Both Sids the 
River there is very fine Villages & Churches We Sat Sail up 
the River Surrell & Came 5 Leegs & Encampd. St Franciways 
[Frangois] Lies 5 Leags Below Surrell 

12 Here we took in a Little Girl of 5 years of age, (a Daugh- 
ter of the widdow Johnsons that was taken with her But was 
Parted) & Brought it along with us, & Came about Six Leags and 
Encamp'? ^ 

13 Sat out & Came up the river about 4 Leags & arived at Cham- 

1 Susanna Johnson, daughter of James and Susanna Johnson, who was cap- 
tured with her parents by the Indians at Charlestown, N. H., on August 30, 
1754. At this time she was ten years old, but her mother was not a widow. 

5 



66 David Holden's Diary 

balee where we Joynd the army again who Lay there wating for us, 
here we Put our Baggage into waggons & marched to S' Therese & 
Encamped 

14 Sunday Embarked & Came to S! Johns where Sam" Herrin 
of Cap' martins Company was very much Hurt By his Powder horns 
Cetching a fire full of Powder about his neck Embarked & Sat out 
with a very Conterary wind & ariv,d at y"! Isle au Noix & Encamped, 
this was a wet Night 

15 Took in our Sick People, & Left a Detachment, Colo: 
Thomas Tarried here to Keep the Fort : And we Sat out But 
the wind Still holds Conterary & Encamped on the west Shore 

16 Sat Sail with a fair wind «& Came about 30 Leags & En- 
camped on the East Shore 

17 Sat Sail, But a very Foggy morning & Came about 4 miles 
& arived at Crown Point & Encamped on our old Encamping 
Ground 

18 400 men was Detacht and Sent to work on the other Side 
yf Lake under the Command of Maj^ Burk A Number of men Sent 
for Fatigue 

19 The New Hampshires threaten to Disart for which Reason 
all the Serjeants of the Proventials was ordred as a guard all 
Night 

20 The Rangers arived here from Moreal in order to take Bat- 
toes Down the Lake for the Regulars to Come in Very Cold for 
the Season 

21 Sunday. Nothing Remarkable 

22 The Rangers Sat off Down the Lake in Battoes to fetch the 
Regulars over 

23 The Royals arived here this Night 

24 Nothing Remarkable Hapned this day 

25 Very Rainy Last Night & to Day The Grand Deoble arived 
here this morning 

26 Men Carried out of Camp with the Small Pox more or Less 
Every Day 

27 A very Sickly Time in Camp. 

28 Sunday. A Detachment of Proventials & Rangers was Sent to 
the Saw Mills in Battoes for Provisions. 

29 A very Could Storm, a very Sickly & Dying Time, Fatiguing 
very Hard A Party was Sent to Ticondaroga 



David Holden's Diary 67 

30 A Party was Sent to Ticondaroga. The Rangers Joyn,d 
their Respective Corps 

Oct if A Party was Sent to Ticonderoga or Saw mils 

2 Some Regulars arived here from Montreal One of the 
Proventials Receved loo Lashes for Disarting a Fatiguing 
Party 

3 Colo : Haverland Arived here with a number of Regulars. 

4 Sir Williams men arived here that Came with General amherst 
A mighty Discord amongst the Regulars this Night Disputing 

who had the best Right to a woman & who Should have the first 
Go at her even till it Came to Bloos, & their Hubbub Raised 
all most the whole Camp. 

Some men Disarted from the Proventials this Night 

5 Sunday. Had Preaching. Nothing Remarkable. 

6 7 Major Schean Sat of in a whale Boat for montreal with a 
Serj! & 8 Proventials to Carry Two French Laides Down there. 

8 Some men Disarted from y': Proventials 

9 Some of the Disarters was Brought Back & Confind to the 
Pervoo Guard 

10 A Number of Sick was Sent home By the way of Albany. 
Men Die very fast in the Hospitle. 

11 Nothing Remarkable. 

\2 SiiJiday. Had Preaching. The Small Sloop arived here from 
S! Johns. Very Pleasent for the Season. 

13 Nothing Straing. 

14 General Amherst arived here from Montreal this Evening 

15 A Sickly Time & many Die. 

16 More men was added to the works untill all Got on Duty. 
Nine of our Provintial Disarters Inlisted with the Regulars in the 
Inniskilling Reg', to Clear them Selves from other Punishment. 

17 A man of Cap! Martins Rec*^ loo Lashes for Insolent 
Language to his officer & Posisting in it after he was Confin'? 
& Calling his officer a Black Guard. 

18 Nothing Remarkable. 

19 Sutiday. Very Rainy & Could. 

20 Two Sloops arived here from the Isle au Noix. 

21 all the Sick was View^ By M- MunRow. 

22 Nothing: Remarkable. 



68 David Holden's Diary 

23 A Large Number of Invaleads was Sent Home by the way of 
N° 4 [Charlestown, New Hampshire.] ^ 

24 More Sick was Sent Home by the way of Albany 

25 Two men Carried out of Camp Sick with the Small Pox. 

26 Sunday All the Rangers was Sent Home only Cap' Ogdens 
Company. 50 of them went by N*? 4, & the Rest by the way of 
albany. 

27 W- Matthews of the New Hampshire Reg' was Sentanst 500 
Lashes for Mutiny & Disobediance of orders which was Proved 
against him, & to Receive them this Day Before the Mounting of the 
Guards this morn : 100, at whitmores, 100, at the Inniskilling, 100, 
at y^ Massachusetts, 100, at y": Rhode Islanders, 100, at the New 
Hampshire Reg' & to be Drum'.' out of the army with a Halter about 
his neck & to be Sat over on the other side the Lake with Provisions 
to Carry him to N° 4 a Surgeon was also to attend accordingly 
the Prisoner was Brought to the Poast to Receive his Punishment 
and Rec'? 20 odd Lashes & was taken with fitts that he Droped for 
Dead that they Could not Proceed to Give him his Punishment So 
the Prisoner was Conveyed to the Guard 

28 General amherst wento winter Quarters. Could wether comes 
on amain. 

29 Fatigues are very hard, to that Degree we Cannot Compleat 
the Partys Required. 

30 Colo : Thomas with a Detachment that was Left at the Isle 
au noix arived here this Day 

31 A very Tedious Time for Colds & Caughs in Camp. 

Nov^ I'l' Finished Raising the New Wooden Barrak in the New 
fort of 120 feet in Length. 

2 Sunday Nothing Remarkable Hapned 

3 Colo Willard Sat Sail in order for home Colo Ingersol Sent 
Part of his Baggage 

4 I Took Sick with a Tedious Cold 

5 Gun Powder Treason [Guy Fawkes's day.] 

1 At the period of the French and Indian War the four townships on the east 
bank of the Connecticut River, before they received their names, were numbered 
in their geographical order, and known by their numbers alone. They come 
now within the State of New Hampshire, — Township No. i being known 
as Chesterfield ; No. 2, as Westmoreland ; No. 3, as Walpole ; and No. 4, as 
Charlestown. 



David Holden's Diary 69 

A mighty firing throughout the Camps this Night. A Corprol was 
Sent with a file of men Through the Lines to Patrole the Camps in 
order to Confine the men that fired. 

6 «& 7 Nothing Remarkable 

8 Dull Lovvry wether & Looks Like a Storme of Rain 

9 A Very Rainy Day Sunday 

I o Fired 2 1 Cannon in Honour to the Day it being King Georges 
Birth day 

I I The Sick was all Drawed up & Viewed By W. Munrow 

12 A Large Number of Invelads was Sent Home By the way of 
N° 4 

13 A Number of the feebelest of the Inveleads was Sent Home 
By the way of Albany 

14 A Snow Storm Began Last Night & Snowed about 3 Inches 
Deep, after which is Tedious Could Blustering Wether 27 Cannon 
was fired 

15 As the Carpenters was Shingling the Stone Barrak one of 
the Stages Broke & three men fell from the Roof & was very much 
Bruised A Party was Sent to Ticonderoga for flower 

16 Sunday Orders that all the Carpenter Should Return in all 
their Tools Tomorrow & was Paid off for their work the Same Day 
A Party was Sent to Ticonderoga for Flower Cap- Page with 60 
men Sat off for N° 4 

17 Orders that the Massachusetts & Rhoad Islanders Should 
Strike their Tents Tomorrow morning at Day Brake & Return them 
in to the Commassary ; & march to Ticondarog where we are to Re- 
ceive Provisions to Carry us to N'! 4. this was JoyfuU Nuse to us, 
as the weather was then Cold Brigadier [Timothy] Ruggles with 
his attendance marched for home by the way of N"! 4. 

18 We Struck our Tents according to Order & Began our march 
for Ticondaroga (U: Col? Ingersol took the Command of the first & 
Second Battallion's) & we arived there the Same day & Drew Eight 
Days Provisions to Carry us to N° 4. & was Carried over the Lake 
& Encampt on the other Side Cap': Whiting Sat Sail for Albony 

19 We Began our march through the Woods. 

23 Sunday arived at the Connecticutt River about Sun Sett & 
was ferry'd ouer & Encampt on the other Side 

24 Marched into the Town of N° 4. where the Regulars abused 
Some of our men We was Drawed up ; & Drew Allowance and 
Every man took their own way home this was a wet Day 



70 David Holden's Diary 

25 Two men that was Confin'd for Burying a man alive in N° 4 
woods Reef their Punishment, one Reef 500 Lashes, the other 100 

Sat out from N° 4. & Came 18 Miles & Encampt in the woods till 
the moon arose & then Sat out & Came to Keen about Day Brake ; 
which is 30 miles from N° 4. 

26 Tarried here till afternoon and Came about 10 miles & En- 
campt till the moon arose ; & then Sat out and arrived at Lanlord 
Elexanders in Doublin where we Slept till Day this was a very 
Snowy Night 

27 Sat out & Came to Peterborough & tarried at M^- Swans this 
was a Rainy Day 

28 Sat out & Came to Townshend & tarried all Night at Jonas 
Stevens's 

29 Sat out & arived at Groton. 

And Blessed be God who has Preserved me in health this Cam- 
paign also; who has Covr'd My Head in the Day of Battle & 
Return'd me in health to My Friends Again 

FINIS 



David Holden's Diary 7 i 



The following orders, found on loose sheets, have since been 
placed in the Diary, where they originally belonged. One sheet 
or more is gone, which will account for the abrupt beginning. 

Campany,s, and will Send in a Return of What Ammunision they 
Want that they may Receive Carabine ball, Powder, Paper & 
thread to make up 36 Rounds Compleat 1* man 

The Provoss Guard to be Reduced to a Corprol and of four men 

The 2!' Batt'" Royal Highland Reg! and Montgommery,s to Receive 

Three Days provision Which will Compleat them to the 2 7 Inclusively 

Allex^ Donaldson adjf 
2^ Battl:' R : H Reg! & of the Day 

Albany may y*" 25 After orders 
Parole Crown Point 
The Twelve Company,s of the Massechusetts Troops Encampt to 
Receive Provisions To Morrow morning at five OClock to the 29 : 
Inclusively 

Monday May y*" 26'!' Parole, Rockinggum. 
Tusday May y^ 27'!' Parole, Dartmouth 

Camp Near Albany Thursday May y*" 29'^ 
Parole York Sheir 

The Company,s of Montgumry,s Regiment To March To morrow 
Morning at 5 o'Clock, They Will Receive Their Waggons in Pro- 
pourtion to their Number allowed To Carry Camp Aequapage and 
Baggage to Schenactada by applying To Colonel Bradstreet, All the 
men on Duty of that Regiment to be Releived this evening & their 
Colours To be Lodged in the Fort in the Same manner as Those of the 
Royal. Major Campbell will Receive his Orders from the General. 

The order Given the fifth of may Last Year at Albany, Relating 
to the Granediers & Light Enfantry Telling of the Battallions & 
Posting of Officers the Serjeants takeing Fire Locks in Stead of 
Holbords. 

And only one Drumer Being Allowed "^ Company The Rest Put 
in the Ranks. 



72 David Holden's Diary 

No Women Being Permitted to go with the Reg- or to Follow 
them. 

The Method of Marching the Regiments are To Practize the 
orders for the Front and Flanque and Rear and Flanque. Plat- 
toons are to be all the Duty Observ'd this Campaign, and as more 
Baggage then is absolutely Nessecary for the officers Is an Encum- 
brance to officers and men and must Be an obstruction to an army 
in this Country. Each officer Must take a Small Tent, Blanket, 
Bair Skin and Port Mantle, They will Take no Sashes Into the 
Feild. The Regiments that have Gorgats will ware them when on 
Duty, and Each officer will take Care that the men Dont Load them 
Selves With any Thing more then is Nessesary. 

A Koknawago [Caughnawaga] Indean is Suspected to Be Strool- 
ing about the Town or Camp, Every officer or Soldier who Sees any 
Indean who is not known or Cannot Give an account of Him Self 
Will Bring him to Head Quarters. The Massachusetts Troops to 
Receive four Days Provisions to the Second of June Inclusive A 
Return of the State of Each Company to be Given in Emediately. 

May y'^ 29'^ Regimental Orders. 

The Commanding officer of Each Company in Camp will take 
Care that no Strong Spirits Even Syder are Sould by the Soldiers 
nor Small Beer, unless Liberty first obtained from the Quarter 
Master. 

The Role of Each Company to Be Call'd every Morning in the 
Presence of a Commison'? officer @ Six o'Clock, and @ Sun Set. 

What Ever Soldier Shall Be Found Easing Him Self in Camp will 
be Severly Punisht. The New York, New Jersey and Rhoad Island 
Troops Will Receive Provisions to Compleat them with what they 
have allready to the Second of June Inclusive. 

Friday May y^ 30'!' 1760 Genral Orders 
Parole, Albany 

The Cort Martial Ordred this Morning To Set at the orderly Room 
So soon as the Prisoners is marched in for the Triol of the Soldiers of 
Montgumry,s accused of Burning M^- Tinbrooks ^ out House. 

M: Graham Presidant : Cap! Montereef Debuty Judge Advocate. 
all Evidance to attend in Case the Cort Martial Should Not be over 

1 See /os/ea, where the name is written TimBrooks. 



David Holden's Diary 73 

by the Time. Sir Allen M'?Lain,s Company Marches. Which Com- 
pany is to march at Two o'Clock this afternoon, The Evidances a 
Corprol and Six Men to march the Prisoners. 

The Commanding Officers of the Company,s of Montgumrys Regi- 
ment having Desired to take their Colours into the Field they are to 
take them accordingly. All the Regiments are emediatly To Clear 
their men to the Twenty fourth of Apriel. after wards at the End of 
every Two months agreeable to Former orders. One Serjeant Two 
Corprols Guard of Six men Each, are to be Posted By Leiu! Coven- 
try alonge the Fence which Runs at the Bottom of the Hill to Hol- 
land House ; To Prevent that Fence Being Distroyed and the Cattle 
Gifting out. Two Serjeants & 36 men to be ordred from the Proven- 
tials for the Service of the Scows & to Remain till further orders. 

After Orders 

Cap! Baker.s, Cap' Hawkton,s, & Cap! Plats,s Company,s of the 
Second New York Regiment to be Compleated with arms according 
to the Returns Given in this after noon by applying to Colo : Wil- 
liamson Tomorrow morning at five o'Clock. 

The first and Third Regiments of New York to be Compleated 
with arms To morrow morning according To the Returns Given in 
By applying to Colonel Williamson. 

The first Regiment to Receive theirs at half after Five The third 
at Six o'clock. 

Saturday May y'' 31^! 1760 
General Orders. Parole Barlin 

The Field Officers of the Provential Troops Who are arived here, 
& have Commisions to Send a Return of their Ranks, & Dats of 
Comisions To the Adjetant General at orderly Time. 

Colonel Thomas or officer Commanding the Massachusetts 
Troops will Send in a Report from what Company,s The Several 
Detachments of the Massachusetts Troops Sent up Hudson River, 
are taken as the Companys are not form,d in Battalions, he will 
Give in this Return at Five O'Clock this Evening. 

The General will See what Provential Troops are in Camp, at the 
Head of their Encampment at five O'Clock this Evening They are 
to be drawn up in Two Ranks, all those that have arms are to 
appear with them, and those that have Powder Horns and Bullet 
pouches will Put Them on. 



74 David Holden's Diary 

A Cort Martial of Enquiry Consisting of one Major and Four 
Cap" of the New York Troops To Set at the Court House at Eight 
o'clock Tomorrow Morning to Examin into the accustions against 
Peter M'iCoy who is Confined By Leiu' Muyncher on Suspition of 
Heaving a man over Bord And Drownding him. 

Leiu? Colonel Ingalson is to Remain here to Receive the massa- 
chusetts troops as they Come in which he will Report as they Come 
in The Regiment of looo will be allowed provisions or the four 
pences in Leiu of it for four women 1^ Company, and those of 700 
for Three Women '^ Company 

This allowance to Be paid to the Women By Leiu! Coventry at 
Albany and the Commanding officer of Each Regiment is to Send in 
a List of the women of Each Company of the Regiment who are 
Recommended for this provision, which he will Sign & Transmitt to 
the Major of Brigade who will Give the List to Leiu! Coventry 
& give in their Names to the Mattron of the Hospitle. 

That if they Should Be Required for the attendance of the Sick 
they may attend or otherwise be Struck off the Allowance. 

The General Cort Martial of which Major Graham is Presedent is 
Disolved. 

and Donald M^Kinson private Soldier of Montgomries Regiment 
Tried on Suspition of having Malisiously & willfully Sat Fire to 
Mf TimBrooks ^ out House is found Not Guilty of the Crime Laid 
to his Charge & is acquited Capt. Cameron will take him to Joyn 
the Regiment. 

1 See aiite^ where the name is written Tinbrooks. 



DIARY 

KEPT BY 

LIEUT. AMOS FARNSWORTH, 

OF GROTON, MASS., 

DURING A PART OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR, 
April 19, 1775 — May 6, 1779. 



First printed in the 

PROCEEDINGS OF THE MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

January i 3, 1898. 



Amos FarnswortF s Diary 



THE following Diary, kept by Amos Farnsworth, of Groton, 
during a part of the Revolutionary War, contains some 
facts of local interest and historical value. Mr. Farnsworth 
was a member of Captain Farwell's company of minute-men, 
who marched on the memorable Nineteenth of April from 
Groton to Lexington, where they bivouacked for the night, 
and the next forenoon pushed on to Cambridge. He was a 
good type of the Middlesex yeomanry, and both by kinship 
and social intercourse was connected with some of the best 
families in the neighborhood. His deep religious nature 
crops out continually through the pages of the Diary, and, 
as there seen, shows the spirit which animated him in his 
opposition to the mother country. He was a fair representa- 
tive of the average soldier of the period, being more of a 
patriot than a scholar ; and during the times that tried men's 
souls this quality was of greater importance than a knowledge 
either of spelling or writing. The Diary contains many little 
entries which throw much side-light on certain events. It is 
the only contemporary record which tells where the company 
bivouacked at the end of the first day's march, a fact of some 
interest to the descendants of the soldiers. 

Amos Farnsworth, one of ten children, was a son of Amos 
and Lydia (Longley) Farnsworth, and was born at Groton, 
on April 28, 1754. He was a lineal descendant in the third 
generation from Matthias Farnsworth, one of the earliest set- 
tlers of the town. During his youth the facilities for giving a 



7 8 Amos Farnsworth's Diary 

boy in the country a common-school education, as it is now 
understood, were very hmited. In the main a child's ele- 
mentary instruction was received by the fireside at home, 
where the three R's were taught; and whatever else he 
acquired beyond these rudiments was generally given during 
a few weeks' schooling in the winter. This statement seems 
to be needed in order to explain the writer's deficiencies in 
style and spelling, which were no greater than those of the 
average well-to-do farmer of that period. 

On May 7, 1782, Mr. Farnsworth was married to Elizabeth, 
daughter of Elisha and Elizabeth (Adams) Rockwood, of 
Groton, who was one of ten children ; and they were blessed 
with four sons and one daughter. He belonged to a race long- 
lived as well as prolific. At the time of his death, which took 
place on October 19, 1847, he was aged 93 years, 6 months, 
and I day; and his widow survived him less than two months, 
as she died on December 1 1, 1847, ^g^d 90 years, 7 months, and 
24 days. At the date of their death each one of this vener- 
able couple was, respectively, the oldest person in town. Of 
their five children two reached or passed the age of ninety 
years, and two others the age of eighty years or more, while 
the fifth child lived well beyond the period allotted by the 
Psalmist, of threescore years and ten. 

The leaders of the American Revolution showed much 
wisdom in the strict attention paid to the preparatory details 
of their work ; and every move on the board was made with 
reference to something that was to follow. The final success 
of the military struggle was due as much to their foresight 
and sagacity in this respect as to the deep feeling of the 
people. The alarm at Lexington on the memorable Nine- 
teenth of April aroused almost simultaneously the whole 
country for miles around, so carefully had the region in the 
neighborhood been allotted to special messengers, whose duty 
was assigned beforehand for such a purpose. On the side 
of the patriots the skirmishes of that day were fought by 
companies made up largely of minute-men, organized on 



Amos Farnsworth's Diary 79 

recommendation of the First Provincial Congress of Massa- 
chusetts, in a Resolve passed at Cambridge on October 26, 
1774. At that time it was recommended to the field officers 
of the various militia regiments that they should enlist at 
least one-quarter of their respective commands, and form 
them into companies to be held in readiness, at the shortest 
notice from the Committee of Safety, to march to the place 
of rendezvous. Such soldiers soon became known as *' Min- 
ute-men " ; and at the first signal of hostilities they were on 
hand, armed and equipped, ready for any emergency that 
they might be called upon to meet. At this critical period 
in many ways they proved to be of great help to the popular 
cause. The existence of such a body of drilled men seems 
to have been prompted by the practice of nearly twenty years 
before, during the French and Indian War, when there were 
bands of men, known as " Alarm lists," who were to be ready 
for military service at a minute's warning. And in their 
turn these Alarm lists followed the precedent set by the 
Suffolk and Middlesex regiments, which at the beginning of 
Philip's War were ordered by the General Court to " be ready 
to march on a moment's warning." Even before this time, 
as early as August 12, 1645, in anticipation of trouble with 
the Indians it was ordered that thirty men out of every hun- 
dred in the militia should be ready " at halfe an -howers 
warning " for any service that they might be called upon to 
perform by their commanding officers. 

These various instances all contain the germ of the system ; 
and they show that, for a period of a hundred and thirty years 
before the Revolution, the minute-man was a prime factor in 
both the Colonial and Provincial militia. 

The news of the advance of the British troops on Lexing- 
ton and Concord reached the village of Groton early in 
the morning of the Nineteenth, when word v/as sent at once 
to all parts of the town calling on the minute-men to rally 
on the Common in front of the Meeting-house. The alarm. 



8o Amos Farnsworth's Diary 

probably, was a continuation of the one sent from Charles- 
town just before midnight, and reached Groton soon after 
sunrise. There is some reason to think that this intelligence 
was expected at that particular time, and that messengers 
were ready to carry it to the out-lying homes of the farmers. 
On April 17 it was voted by the Committees of Safety and 
of Supplies that the four six-pounders should be transported 
from Concord to Groton, and put under the care of Colonel 
Oliver Prescott ; and on the next day it was also voted that 
certain ammunition, as well as a large number of tents, and 
two medicine chests, should be sent there for safe-keeping. 
As open hostilities began so soon afterward, there was prob- 
ably no time to make the removal. The community was 
much agitated, and men were thoroughly aroused. The air 
was full of rumors, and nobody knew their source. They 
seemed to come by "grape-vine telegraph," — as the expres- 
sion was in the Union army during the War of the Rebellion. 

Upon the recommendation of the Provincial Congress, two 
companies of minute-men had been enlisted in Groton. 
According to a printed sermon preached before them, on 
February 21, 1775, by the Reverend. Samuel Webster, of 
Temple, New Hampshire, their officers at that time had been 
already chosen, and while there had been " heats " — as the 
minister expressed it — in other towns over the choice of 
officers, there had been none at Groton. Unfortunately, at 
a later period " heats," or contentions, did break out in one 
of these companies, as appears from an entry in the following 
Diary, on April 26, 1775. 

These two companies of minute-men had been expecting 
the call, and, true to their designation, were ready to march 
at short notice. On that eventful Nineteenth both com- 
panies — one of them under the command of Captain Henry 
Farwell, and the other under that of Captain Asa Lawrence 
— rallied on the Common, where ammunition was given out 
to the soldiers. It is probable that by the middle of the 
forenoon they started for the scene of action. One of these 



Amos Farnsworth's Diary 8i 

companies bivouacked that night in Lexington, and it is very 
likely that the other did also. The intense excitement of 
a forced march, due not only to what they saw on the way, 
but to what they heard, speeded their steps, and there was 
no lagging on the road. They left their homes as British 
subjects, but came back as independent citizens, who never 
again knew the authority of a king. 

The events of the Nineteenth brought political matters to 
a head. The hasty assemblage of military companies, which 
then rushed to the neighborhood of Boston, by no means 
formed an effective army. While the men and officers 
had the true martial spirit, they were undisciplined as well 
as inexperienced. 

The need of a thorough re-organization of these various 
bodies was felt both by the Committee of Safety and by the 
Provincial Congress ; and steps were taken at once by the 
authorities to consolidate the detached companies and skele- 
ton commands, and to bring order out of chaos. According 
to the Muster-roll of Captain Henry Farwell's company, 
printed on page 13 of " Groton during the Revolution," 
re-enlistments began in his command on April 25, and pre- 
sumably also in the other companies. 

At this time a consolidation was made of Farwell's com- 
pany with Captain James Hosley's company of minute-men 
from Townsend, an adjoining town. Probably a similar con- 
solidation took place with other companies of like character 
as to neighborhood of homes, mutual acquaintance, etc. The 
minute-man had enlisted for a short and indefinite term of 
service, and when the emergency was over, his part of the 
contract was fulfilled. The men whose names appear on 
the Muster-roll as having served only six days were those, 
presumably, who re-enlisted in Farwell's company, or in 
some of the other companies, and remained in the field 
near Boston. In the new formation Farnsworth was made 
a corporal; and during the campaign of 1776 he was com- 
missioned as an officer in Captain Shattuck's company. 

6 



82 Amos Farnsworth's Diary 

It is known that a few of them joined either Captain Asa 
Lawrence's company or Captain Joseph Moors's, which were 
enlisted for a period of eight months, or until the end of 
the year 1775. The men who are accredited on Farwell's 
roll of minute-men with seventy miles' travel are those, 
doubtless, who returned home soon after the reorganization. 

After the consolidation of Farwell's company with Hosley's, 
the roll includes the names of a few men from other towns 
besides Groton and Townsend. Timothy Stone enlisted from 
Ashby ; Peletiah Russell from the Coos Country in New 
Hampshire, and later was a resident of Groton; Jonathan 
Sawtell, a native of Groton, from Rindge, New Hampshire; 
and Jeremiah Wier, from Limerick, the old name of Stoddard, 
New Hampshire. 

In the year 1776, at the defence of Ticonderoga, Mr. Farns- 
worth served as Ensign in Captain Job Shattuck's company. 
Colonel Jonathan Reed's regiment. Later, on October 19, 
1778, he was commissioned as First Lieutenant in a company 
of Matrosses, commanded by William Swan, of Groton, in the 
Sixth Regiment of Militia under Colonel Reed. At the end 
of the war, on July 9, 1783, he was commissioned as Captain 
of a company of Matrosses, which is an old name for artillery- 
men. This company was organized on October 19, 1778, and 
for a long time was known as the Groton Artillery. After an 
existence of nearly a century, for one reason or another, its 
former prosperity seemed to desert it; and by an order from 
the Adjutant-General's office, under date of August 15, 1878, 
the company, together with several others at the same time, 
was disbanded. 

In conclusion I wish to thank Mr. John Prescott Farns- 
worth (H. C. 1881), of Providence, R. I., the owner of the 
Diary, for his permission to copy it. Mr. Farnsworth is the 
eldest child of the late Claudius Buchanan Farnsworth (H. C. 
1 841), the eldest child of Luke Farnsworth, the eldest child of 
Major Amos Farnsworth, the writer of the Diary. 



Diary 



AMOS FARSWORTHS JOURNAL. 

Wednsday morning. April 19. 1775. was Alarmd with the news 
of the Regulars Firin At Our men At Concoord Marched and Came 
thare whare Some had Bin ciled Puled on and Came to Lexing- 
ton whare much hurt was Done to the houses thare by braking glas 
And Burning Many Houses : but thay was forsed to retret tho thay 
was more numerous then we And I saw many Ded Regulars by the 
way. went into a house whare Blud was half over Shoes. 

thursday Aprel 20 Came to Cambridge in the fore noon, thare 
was Some men wanted to go to Charlston I went for one and 
Vewed the regulars And found thay was intrenching on Charlston 
hill 

Friday Aprel 21 nothing meterial hapned in the fore noon 
About Sun set marched with the rigiment in Compony with Co'. 
Larnards rigiment to Roxbury. 

Saterday April 22 Cep' in mothon. mooved from that hous 
that we was in to Another this night was Alarmed by the Regulars 
firinsr at our gard on the neck turned out And marched towards 
them but nothing more Ensued Soon turned into our barrocks and 
Slept quiet. 

Sunday Aprel 23. lay Stil in the fore noon in the Afternoon 
the Regiment to the meeting hous And herd a fine Sermon from 
Timothy 2. 3 thou therefore Endure Hardness as a good Solder of 
jesus Christ. 

monday April 24 in the forenoon I went round on the Marsh 
below our Gards within about Sixty rods of the Regulars, this night 
the Regulars fired at our gard but thare was no larm 



84 



Amos Farnsworth's Diar 



y 



Tiisday Aprel 2^. lay Stil in the forenoon in the afternoon we 
went up to the Genarals And Receved ordars and marched to 
Cambridge Again, oh the goodness of God in Preserving my 
life from Danger. 

Aprel 26. 27. 28. and 29. Days. Was A Strugling with the ofifisers 
which shold be the hiest In ofifist Finaly Farwell ^ got ordars to 
List And listed Some And then gined with townshind Company 
And made out A Company. I myself Listed with the rest 

Sunday April t^o Retired alone in the morning for Secret Prayer. 
Preaded the Sun half a Nour hie for Prayers And then About Ten 
oclock went to a Barn And herd the Re' M' Emerson '^ from the first 
Book of Samuel 30. 6. and Daved was gratly Distressed &c 
And in the afternoon herd the Re' M' Goodridge From those words 
in judges 20 C 22 & 23 Verses more Porticuly the last Claus in 
the 23 Varse And the Lord Said go Up Against him. An Exelent 
Sermon he incoridged us to go And fite for our Land and Contry : 
Saying we Did not do our Duty if we did not Stand up now. 

Mondy May ye i in the morning Etended Prayers in the meet- 
ing hous Soon was Cawled upon main Gard marched to leach- 
mors Point ^ stayed thare 24 hours And returned back to the Barn 
Again 

Now from Mondy till Saturday night Nothing Meterial hapned. Did 
my turns of duty And we mooved A Saturday to a hous Oppersit 
the Collig (S:c 

Sunday M 7 Was upon Piquit this Day But got leve to go on the 
Comon And herd Prayers and Preaching all Day By the Re' Docter 
Langdon^ Presedent And the Rt M' thatcher.^ o this was fine 
Preaching. 

Monday ties tvedens May 8. 9 & 10 days Etended Prayers Morn- 
ing And night there was Several gons Discharged about this time 
Kiled one or two others Escaping narraly Blesed Be God that 
my life is Preserved 

1 For the Muster Roll of Captain Farvvell's company of minute-men, as well 
as that of the consolidated company, see " Groton during the Revolution " 
(pp. ii-is). 

'^ Rev. Joseph Emerson, of Pepperell. See Butler's History of Groton (p. 317). 

3 Lechmere's Point, in what is now known as East Cambridge. 

* Dr. Samuel Langdon, at that time President of Harvard College. 

5 Probably the Rev. Jo.seph Thaxter (H. C. 1768), chaplain of Colonel Pres- 
cott's regiment, and afterward settled at Edgartown. 



Amos Farnsworth's Diary 85 

T/mrsday May ye ii This Day was By us As a fast And had 
the opertunity to hear Preaching And was Entertained by the 
R' M"" Adam in the Forenoon from Psalms 50 15 this was An 
Exelent Precher And At night atended A funaral of A Man that 
died with A wound of A Bawl. For these two Days nothing hapned 
More then Usal only that two Men Died out fo the Camp : A 
Saturday the Battalion marched to Charlston to Shoe themselves 
to the Regulars 

Sunday May ye 14 felt Calm And Serious Went to meeten at 
the Church hous And Herd the R'' M' Nobol : ^ in the forenoon from 
Isaiah 59. i. Behold the lords hand is not Shortned that it Cannot 
Save &c. And in the Afternoon herd the Same man in the Meeting 
hous from Exedus 32. C from the Bigining of ye 9 virs to ye end of 
ye 13. And an Exelent Sermon both forenoon and Afternoon as I 
Ever I herd : And I was filed with Wonder at the goodness of God 
in Using means with his People to Reform them. And I Was filed 
with Anchous Desires After Holiness And I Resolved Afresh to live 
and Devote my self more Strictly to Gods service then ever Yit I 
have Done God Enabel me to keep this Rezerlution 

Mondy May ye iK). Nothing hapned to Day more then Usual 
only At night we was Alarmd with the newe of Regulars which 
Proved the Grand Rounds that our men Shot At Being Scart. 

Tusday May ye 16 Nothing Done But Our Usual Preadings 
which Are At Six oclock in the morning And at ten : And at fore 
At night, and I mounted Piquit at Night And went the Grand 
Rounds 

Wedefisday May ye 17 Did But little to Day. At Night A Fier 
Broke out in Boston And burnt Considerabel Store houses and 
Barrocks And we hear that two Regulars was Burnt And now 
thursday friday And Saturday Nothing meterial hapned 

Sunday May 21 Etended Pray on the Common in the morning 
After that retired for Secret Prayer. And about ten went to the 
Chapel And herd the revent Docter Langdon from Hebrews 210 
for it Became him, &c And he encorridge us to Enlist our Selves 
under the Great Jeneral of our Salvation : And in the afternon Went 
to the Meting hous and herd M' Havery from Second Chronicles 
C 15. 14, 15 Varses And thay Sware Unto the Lord with a loud 

^ Rev. Oliver Nol)le (Y. C. 1757), chaplain of Colonel Little's regiment, who 
at this time was settled at Newbury. 



86 Amos Farnsworth's Diary 

Voice, &c O the Goodnes of god in Promiting me the liberty of 
Prayer And to hear Preaching, there was many guns herd to Day 
which we hear was by Regulars going to Waymouth After Some of 
our Cattle And hay But thay was Defeted By our Men : And thay 
was mad and fired Along the Shore. 

Monday May ye 22 Felt Considerabel calm : Etended Prayers 
morning And Night : Blesed Be God for Such a Seson 

Tusday May ye 23 Nothing more then Common to Day only at 
night went a Scout Down to Leachmors Point About three milds 
from Cambridge : in the morning returned to Cambridge Again. 
Alas it is A Day of grate trouble and Confusion : Grant Blesed God 
that I may Consider of my ways And repent And return unto the 
Lord. And O Blesed God owne me in Jesus Christ. 

Wedensday May ye 24 nothing more then Common to Day 

thiirsday May ye 25 Nothing more then the usal Dutys 

Friday May ye 26 in the morning I Etended prayers And at 
night : i hope that I Git Good in this Day of grace. At night I and 
about ten of our Company march! with A party of men betwixt 
two and three hundred for Noddels island [East Boston] ; heded 
By Col Nixson ^ we marched throu Mistick [Medford] Moldin and 
to Chelsea 

Saturday May ye 2^] . went on hog island And Brought of Six 
hoses twentyseven horn"? Cattel And fore hundred And Eleven Sheep 
about the midel of the afternoon went From hog island to Noddles 
island and Sot one Hous and Barn on fiar kil*? Some hoses and 
Cattel Brought of two or thre Cows one horse I with five men got 
of the horse And Before we got from Noddels island to hog island 
we was fir'? upon by a Privatear Schooner But we Crost the river 
and about fiften of us Squated Down in a Ditch on the mash and 
Stood our ground. And thare Came A Company of Regulars on 
the marsh on the other side of the river And the Schooner : And 
we had A hot fiar untill the Regulars retreeted. But notwithstand- 
ing the Bulets flue very thitch yet thare was not A Man of us kil'.' 
Suerly God has A faver towards us : And He can Save in one Place 
as well as Another we left the island about Sun-Set and Came to 
Chelsea : And on Saturday about ten At night March'', to Winni- 
simit ferry whare thare was A Schooner and Sloop Afiring with 

1 Colonel John Nixon, who commanded a regiment enlisted in Middlesex and 
Worcester Counties. 



Amos Farnsworth's Diary 87 

grate fury on us thare But thanks be unto god that gave vs the 
Victry at this time for throu his Providence the Schooner that Pla'' 
upon us the day before run Aground and we Sot fiar to hur And 
Consumed hur thare And the Sloop receved much dammage. in 
this ingagment we had not A man kild : But fore wounded but we 
hope all will Recover, one of the fore was A tounsing [Townsend] 
man ^ belonging to our Company the bulet went throu his mouth 
from one Cheek to the other, thanks be unto God that so little 
hurt was Done us when the Bauls Sung like Bees Round our 
heds. 

Simday May 28 Left Winnisimit ferry About ye middle of ye 
fore noon And Came to Chelsea And About two in ye afternoon 
Receved ordars to march and Came to Cambridge, By ye way of 
Penny ferry.^ 

Monday May 29. Etended Prayers At ye Usal times in ye 
afternoon Etended A funeral A man ^ of our own Company 

Tusday May 30 Etempted to Preforme Some Privit Duties But 
was Cold And Ded in duty. O that God would make me more 
livey in his Servis And forgive my Backwardness to Duty, thare 
was two men Buried to Day out of our Regiment. 

Wed^ May ye 31. felt Calme And Serious to Day God enabled 
me to wat on him three or fore times today in Secret Blesed be 
God for Such A Ceson. thare was three men belonging to the 
Armey Buried to Day 

Thursday June ye i thare was Sheep And Catel and horses we 
hear to ye Amount of fore or five hundred Sheep twenty or thurty 
Cattel And A number of horses brought along that our Peopel took 
from the Regulars of noddles island. Blesed be God for the inter- 
position of his Provedence on our Side in that He has Delivered 
into our hands So much of thare goods or Substance And in Saving 
of us in ye late Battle when in Such Ement Danger Suerly God 
fote the Battle And not we 

Friday June ye 2 Felt Lively to Day in Sperital things : Blesed 
be god for such A Ceson. I was troubled about this time with a 

1 William Smith, of Townsend, who died on May 29, and was buried on the 
same day. See " Groton during the Revolution" (pp. 7, 8), for facts concerning 
him and the skirmish at Chelsea. 

2 Penny Ferry, established in 1640 between Charlestovvn and Maiden. 



88 Amos Farnsworth's Diary 

Pane in My hed : thare was A Tounshind man ^ Belonging to our 
Company Buried to Day 

Saterday June ye 3 had A Sense of my Dependance on god and 
Gods right to me. Abought fore in ye afternoon Peraded with the 
Battallion And Saw two men whipt for Stealing and Another DromV 
out of ye Camps. O what A Pernitious thing it is for A man to 
Steal And Cheat his feler nabers And _ how Prevocking is it 
to God. 

Sunday June ye 4 Etended Publect worship And in ye forenoon 
herd ye Re'. M' Whitcome from Isaiah: furst Chapter: from ye 
twentyfirst verse to ye end of ye 24 verse. And in ye afternoon 
herd ye Rel IVP Avery : from Stockbridge : who Spoke Exelenty 
from Job 35 C and 9 10 11 12 13. Oh this is a fine man 

Monday and Tusday June 5 And 6th Days Preformed Some 
Privet Duties But not with Life to ye Degree As I wished for. oh 
God do not Leve and forsake me Althoe I forsake the on monday 
my Brother [Benjamin] ^ Came and took my Plase And on tusday 
about noon I Sot out on my jurney for home And Arived about ten 
at night found my Parance And frinds well. Thanks be unto God 
that has Preserved our Lives and helth for these Seven weeks : 
althoe Some of ye time we have bin in Emment Danger. I was 
Fil'? with love to God as I Rode Along And Lifted up my Sole to 
God in Ejackculation Prayers and Prase 

Wedensday June ye 7 To Day I Visited my Frinds in ye forenoon 
oh what A mersifull Father God is. how Stooped And mad must 
A man be to Continue in an unrenued State in this wonderfuU day 
of Grase. 

Thursday June ye 8 In ye afternoon I Etended A Lecter and 
herd M' Faxter [Thaxter] from John 15. 8 herein is my father 
glorified, &c 

1 John Burge, of Townsend, who died at Cambridge, presumably from 
disease, on June 3, according to the Return of Captain Farwell's company. See 
" Groton during the Revolution " (p. 8). He enlisted on the same day as Smith, 
and his term of service, according to the muster roll, was five days longer. 

^ This entry and the one under date of Wednesday, June 14, show that a 
man in the army, during the early days of the Revolution, could have a tem- 
porary substitute when absent ; and the muster roll of the company furthermore 
shows that it could be done without loss of pay. 

See entry of December 5 for particulars of a sad accident by which this 
brother Benjamin and the father were drowned in the Nashua River. 



Amos Farnsworth's Diary 89 

Friday Saturday and Sunday Jufie 9. 10. 11. days Diferant 
Exersises of mind these Days 

I went to meeten on Sunday And herd ye Re^ M^ Commens : in 
ye forenoon: from Pauls words: But Put ye on the Lord Jesus 
Christ. And in the afternoon from Some of S Peters words in i 
of Peter 5. 7. Casting all your care upon him : for he careth for 
you. the Church purtook of the Sacrement to Day: oh that God 
would Prepare me for Such near Communion with him 

Monday Tusday Wedensday And Thursday. June f, 12. 13. 14- 
15 days Alas my Backsliding hart : Oh how have I Revolted from 
the Liven God Alas Alas when I am left of God I Do Soon fall 
into Sin Oh that God would Glorify his grace in Parding my 
many-Fold Sin and gilt: Althoe I am A grate And very wicked 
And Vile one 

on wedensday I Took Leve of Frinds And Rode to Cambridge 
And my Brother Came home 

Friday June. 16. Nothing Done in ye forenoon in the afternoon 
we had orders to be redy to march At Six Agreable to Orders our 
Regiment Preadid and about Sun-set we was Drawn up and herd 
Prayers : And about Dusk Marched for Bunkers hill ; under Com- 
mand of our own Co! Prescott. jest before we turned out of ye 
rode to go up Bunkers-hill ; Charlestown we was halted ; And about 
Sixty men was taken out of our batallion to go into Charlestown ; I 
being one of them : Capt Nutten ^ heded us Down to ye town 
house ; we Sot our Centres by y"" waterside ; the most of us got in 
the town house But had orders not to Shut our eyes Our Men 
marched to Bunker-Hill And begun thair intrenchment And Careed 
it on with the utmost Viger all Night, Early in the Morning I 
joined them 

Saturday June y 17. the Enemy appeared to be much Alarmed 
on Saturday Morning when thay discvered Our operations and im- 
mediately began a heavy Cannonading from a batery on Corps-Hill 
Boston and from the Ships in y" Harbour, we with little loss Con- 
tinued to Carry on our works till i o'Clock when we Discvered 
a large Body of the Enemy Crossing Charles-River from Boston, 
thay landed on a Point of land about a Mile Eastward of our 
Intrenchment And immediately disposed thair army for an attack 

1 Captain John Nutting, wlio commanded the company of Pepperell minute- 



men. 



90 Amos Farnsworth's Diary 

previous to which thay Set fire to the town of Charlestown. It is 
supposed that the Enemy intended to attack us under the Cover of 
the Smoke from the burning Houses, the Wind favouring them in 
Such a Design ; While on the other side their Army was extending 
Northward towards Mistick-River with an apparant Design of sur- 
rounding our Men in the Works, And of cutting of any Assistance 
intended for our Relief, thay ware however in some Measure, 
counteracted in this Design, and Drew their Army into closer Order. 
As the Enemy approached, Our men was not only Exposed to the 
Attack of a very numerous Musketry but to the heavy Fire of the 
Battery on Corps-Hill, 4 or 5 Men of War, Several Armed Boats or 
Floating Batteries in Mistick-River, and a number of Field pieces. 
Notwithstanding we within the intrenchment, and at a Breast Work 
without, sustained the Enemy's Attacks with [gjreat Bravery and 
Resolution, kiled and wounded great Numbers, and repulsed them 
several times ; and after bearing, for about 2 Hours, as severe and 
heavy a Fire as perhaps ever was known, and many having fired 
away all their Ammunition, and having no Reinforsement : althoe 
thare was a great Boddy of Men nie By : we ware over-powered by 
Numbers and obliged to leave the Intrenchment retreating about 
Sunset, to a small Distance over Charlestown Neck. N. B. I Did 
not leave the Intrenchment utill the Enemy got in I then Re- 
treated ten or Fifteen rods, then I receved a wound in my rite arm 
the bawl gowing through a little below my Elbow breaking the little 
shel Bone Another bawl struk my Back taking of a piece of Skin 
about as big as a Penny But I got to Cambridge that night, the 
Town of Charlestown supposed to contain about 300 Dwelling- 
Houses, a great Number of which ware large and elegant, besides 
150 or 200 other Buildings, are almost all laid in ashes by the Bar- 
barity and wanton Cruelty of that infernal Villain Thomas Gage 
Oh the goodness of God in Preserving my life Althoe thay fell on 
my Right hand and on my left : O may this act of Deliverance of 
thine oh God lead me never to Distrust the, but may I Ever trust 
in the and put Confodence in no Arm of flesh. I was in great Pane 
the first Night with my wound 

Sunday Jjine 18 I and Phinias Hobord ^ Came to M' Watsons 

^ A son of Nathan and Mary (Patterson) Hubbard, of Groton, who was a 
sergeant in Captain Farwell's company. 



Amos Farnsworth's Diary 91 

on Monday jime 19 M"- Hobord and I Sat out for Home Came as 
far as Lincol, met our Honered fathers Got as far as Concord 
that night 

Tusday jime 20. we got home 

Now for a Conciderable time Pas I Could not keep my Jornal 
for my wound in my Arme But Now I begin to Rite a little 

Monday Angus 14* Sot out For Cambridge Got thare that Day ; 
found our Company perty well : 
Now from monday to Saterday nigt Nothing hapned worth noteis 

Lords Day August 20'" in the morning I Etended prayers about 
10 We went And herd the Re' Doct' Langdon on the Common From 
S Luke 7 Cha' from the 36 Varce to the end of the Chapter And 
in the afternoon from S John 7. 17. Hee spoke Excellently from 
the words 

Monday August the 21 Nothing meterial 

Tusday. Wedensday august 22. 23. Days Only our Usal Dutes. I 
went to Watertown to see M' Devens, About Some Cast but Could 
not Git it 

Thursday August th 24 Etended prayers as usal : About twelve 
Oclock I had my arme Ores' And Docter Hart ^ Opened it nigh 2 
Inches Down to the Bone : About 3 in the afternoon Co! Prescott 
Gave orders to March to Sewels - Pinte and thay marched But I 
Did not Go with them bcause of my wound 

Friday Satterday August 25. 26. Days A little Firing from the 
Enemies works to Day But Did but little hurt 

Lords Day august 27"^ Etended Meeten and herd the Revent 
D^ Langdon from furst of Luke 74. 75. Varces : in the forenoon he 
Shew, our Natteral Depraveity and Enmety to God and Gods way 
whilst in our unrenewed Estate : in the afternoon Shew us that 
we Should Sarv him in holiness and fear. O that I might Practis 
accordingly 

We was alanV' several times to day : by reson of our Men Begining 
to intrench on Ploud Hill : ^ thare was Considarable firing we had 

1 Dr. John Hart, of Georgetown, surgeon of Colonel Prescott's regiment. 

2 Sewall's Point is in that part of Brookline now known as Longwood. 

8 Ploughed Hill, known later as Mount Benedict, stood in that part of 
Charlestown which afterward became Somerville. In very recent times it has 
been levelled to the ground. 



92 Amos Farnsworth's Diary 

2 Men kiled and 2 wounded : our People Sunk one of the Enemies 
Floting Batteris 

Mufiday and Tusday August 28. 29. Sum Firing these days one 
of our men was kil'! by the floting Batteries in Mistick River tusday 
night one of the Riful Men was buried under armes Church way : 
with great decency and Solemnety 

Wedenday Thursday August 2,0. 31. Days the Enemy has Bin a 
Cannonading and Burning of us : But du little hurt : Thanks be to 
God for any tokens for good I found a young Gentleman that I 
Could Freely Convers with on Sperital things I find God has a 
Remnant in this Depraved and Degenarated and gloomy time 

Friday and Saturday September 1. 2. Days Nothing Strange 
hapned these Days 

Lords day Sept'.' 3 Etended Prayers and Preaching in the fore 
Noon the Revent M" Lenard^ from Deuteronomy 20. i. 2, 3, 4. In 
the Afternoon a Gentleman unknoon by me spoke from Esther 
9. I, 2. 

Mimday Sept!^ 4 Sum firing to Day 

Now from the forth Day to the Seventeth Day nothing of Great 
Consequence hapned in the Armey we Carried on our works on 
Ploud hil with great sped 

Lords Day Sep', the 1 7 Etend'! meeten And heard the Re' Mf Len- 
nard from jeremiah 15. 16. Thy words ware found and I Did eat 
them, &c he spoke Excelenty And the Church Purtook of the 
Sacrament in the forenoon oh thet I was made alive unto God 
and Prepared for such near Communion with Christ in the Afternon 
the rev Df Langdon Preach' from Revelation 21.3. Behold the 
tabernacle of God is with men, and he will Dwell with them, and 
thay Shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them, 
and be their God. this was good Preaching 

From Sabarday i"] D to Sabarday 24 Day of Sep'. Nothing of 
Consequence hapned only the enemy fired Sume And wounded 2 or 

3 men. 

Lords Day Sep'. 24. Etended Prayars half after 6 in the morning : 
and Preaching at 10 oclock, — Dr Langdon Preached in the fore- 
noon from I of Peter 5. id. ii. In the afternoon R! Df Appilton ^ 

1 Rev. Abiel Leonard (H. C. 1759), of Woodstock, Conn., chaplain of Colonel 
Putnam's regiment. 

2 Rev. Nathaniel Appleton (H. C. 1749), minister of Cambridge. 



Amos Farnsworth's Diary 93 

a good old Minister in his 8i or 2 year of his Age he took his 
Text out of I of Timothy. 6. 12. Fight the good fight of faith, Lay 
hold on eternal life, 

Monday : sep'. 25"' one man was whip'! and Drummed out for 
Stealing: he was a bold and unshamefasced wrech. o that men 
was wise thet thay understood that thay would Consider on thare 
latter End 

Tusday a?id Wedeusday Sept'! 26. 27. Days our men went from 
Roxbury And Took from Gage 12 Cattle and 2 horses And Burnt 
a Bulding 

Thurs'f Friday Sept": 28. 29. ^ Nothing worth notes 

Saterday Sepf. 30* One of our Regi! was Buried : And one Man 
Belonging to Cambridge was taken Poorly of a Sudden and Died 
Amediately Alas upon what a Slender thread do our lives hang on ; 
yet we are as Carles as thoe we was to live always. 

Lords Day October i'l> I her^ the Rei Dr Appleton he Preach^ 
again from i timothy 6. 12 : He Shew what Puting on the hole 
Armer of God was in its several Peaces of armer. having our lins 
gurt about with truth : And having on the brest plate of Righteous- 
ness and your feet shod with the Preparation of Peace : Above all 
taking the Sheld of faith wharewith ye shall be able to Quench all 
the fiery Darts of the wicked and take the helmet of Salvation 
and the Sword of the Spirit which is the word of God Praying 
always with all Prayer And Supplication in the spirit. Ephesians 
6 C. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. in the afternoon her'.' the Re* M- lennard 
from Isaiah 40. 28. Nothing of Consequence hapned from the 
Furst of Ocf: to the end of the Seveneth Day Only A number of 
boats are Making : and Sum Cannaiding from Boston neck But did 
but little hurt 

Lords Day Oct'- 8*-^ I herd the Revent M': Lennard From Isaiah 
30. 18 ; he is a God of Judgment : Blessed, are all thay that Wait 
on him And in the afternoon A Gentleman Unknown to me : From 
S': Matthew V.'^' 5.''' Blessed are the meek : for they shall inherit the 
earth 

Miinday Ocf. <^'^ the Carpenter are Citing Timber and Fraiming 
Barraks as fast as thay Can by the generals order 

Tusday IVedensday Thursday and Friday Ocf: 10. 11. 12. 13 Days 
The Armey lies without much Bisnis Carried on only Bulding Bar- 
rocks and fortifying a little : we Act in the Defensive more than 
Affensive 



94 Amos Farnsworth's Diary 

Saterday Oct^ 14"^ Nothing of Consequence 

Lords Day (9r/.'^i5* Her'l R! Mf Lenard in the forenoon From 
Psalms 48. 8. God will establish it for ever in the afternoon a 
Stranger to me Precht From Naham i. 7. the Lord is Good, a 
Strong hold in the Day of trouble and he knoweth them that trust 
in him. he Treated upon the Power And goodness of God he Sed 
his Power Shone Conspicious in the Creation : and in Saving and 
leading the Childrin of Israel through the Sea and wilderness Sav- 
ing the three from the Rage of the fire &c 

Monday Oct'- 16"' Nothing more then Common 

Tusday Ocf. 17!'-' Our People Went this evening with two Float- 
ing Batteryes Down Cambridge River to fire on Boston : thay went 
within About A Mile and half: fired Sum time, when one of thare 
Cannon Split : wounded Eight Men whareof One Died. O the Sad 
Efect of wor : when will the time Com vvhen we need larn war No 
more 

Wedensday Oct': i8*.l' Nothing Meterial : my Honnered Father 
Came Down to See me and the armey 

Thursday Ocf: 19'.'} and Friday Ocf: 20'!^ A Great talk of more 
troops being Sent to Boston But our Men ant Scart at trifels. I 
would to God that our People had as good Courage in the Speritual 
warfare as thay have in the Temporal one 

JVow from Ocf^ Friday 20* to thirsday 26. of great noteis 

friday Oct": 27 I got a Furlovv and Rode home to groton I 
was Not very well when I left Cambridge and when I came home 
the Docter Said I had the Camp Fever which verily Apered and 
was true. 

Saterday Dec 2'^. I left my Jurnal at Cambridge that I could not 
keep it for Six Weeks I have bin unwell all this time and am Still 
so. Alas I have bin Ded the most of this time to Speritual things 

oh that God would quicken me by his grace 

Lords Day Dec- 3''? I Stay'! at home all Day I have such a 
Hedake that I Cannot Read but Very little, I feel for the most 
Part very ded and dul in Releguon at this time. 

Monday Dec^- 4- Nothing of Consequence 

Tusday Dec'^ 5'!' I Rode in the forenoon to the Docters returned 
about Noon ; my Father and Brother Benj"^ went Down to Nasha- 
way-River to Cross the Same, by Some meens the Canoe Sunk and 



Amos Farnsworth's Diary 95 

God in his holy and Riteous Provedence Suffered them both to 
Drowned O ! how Awfull is Death Espesually when it is sent in 
such a sudden and Suppriseing Mannar. But when I Consider it is 
the Hand of God I must and Desire to be Resined to Gods will : oh 
grant blessed God to thy Sarvant that I may make a wise and Re- 
ligous improvement of every Dispensacion of thy Providencees 

Wedensday De(f. &^ our frinds and Naighbors all Day Sarched 
the River and found my Brother 

Thirsday friday Safer day and Lords- Day Dec''. 7. 8. 9. and \d^} 
Days People Sarch'! for the Body of my Father but found it not 

Monday Dec": 11. the Funeral was and the Rl Mf Bigalow^ was 
sent for he Prayed with us 

Tusday Dec: 12* I hope was a good Day to my Sole at Night 
I Prayed in the famerly and God seemed to give me boldness to the 
Throne of grace 

Wednesday dec": 13'!' God has of late frouned on our Enemies 
and Given into our hands much warlike stors : And at Newfound- 
land the Kings Fishermen Amounting to more than 4000 Men Was 
Lost in a mighty Storm on the 9'!' of September. And two Vessels 
was struck with Lightining Belonging to our Enemies. 

Thursday Dec!'. 14'!" O how Marvelously good is God to me in 
keeping me from the Flames of Hell and Death When the arrers of 
Death and of Gods rath flies so thick. 

Friday Dec''. 15'!* Alas what a backward Hart have I and how 
SlothfuU that, before I am aware My Hart is Sat on the things of 
this world and Deceives me. 

Safer day Def. i6'I' O ym dulness to Duty oh that I did take 
more delite in the ways of Godliness : Quicken me oh God of thy 
own mear good Pleasure because I am dul of understanding. 

Lords-day Dec": 1 7* I went to Gods Houss in the afternoon and 
heard the Rev. M^ Biggalow from S. Matthew 24. 44.'!' Therefore 
be ye also ready: for in such an hour as you think not, the Son of 
man cometh. 

Monday Tuesday and Wednesday Dec': 18. 19. 20'.^ days, our 

1 Rev. Isaac Biglow (H. C. 1769), who was preaching at this period as a can- 
didate for the vacancy caused by the dismissal of Mr. Uana. He was born 
at Weston, on May 13, 1750, and died on April 18, 1777. He studied for the 
ministry, but never was settled over a parish. The father wrote his surname 
" Bigelovv," but the son dropped the middle letter. 



96 Amos Farnsworth's Diary 

western Forses are very Sucsesfull in Subdueing our forron and 
Domistick enemies : Providence seems to faver us, O that we might 
Eye the hand from whence Comes all our Help, 

Thirsday Def. 2 if O my backwardnes to Duty; oh bring me 
out of my Self and may I see the Necessity of Puting of the old 
man With his Deeds and of Puting on the New. 

Friday Dec''. 22"! Lord thou hast I acknowledge bin good and 
rought out our Deliverance from time to time Thou didest Plant 
us hear in this good land and thy Right hand hath saved us ever 
since But Alas what a bad improvement have we made of tliese 
things 

Saturday Dec''. 23^? And now o Lord we are in troble Boston is 
a seat whare our Unnatteral Enemyes are in Prosession : the People 
of the Town of Boston that are our frinds have bin forsted to leave 
the town or be shut up and Confined thare amoungst our foes And 
alas o God we have Sined as a Continant we have Sined as A 
Provence we have sined as Connected with a town and a Famerlyes 
and Privets : But oh God do not Cast of this thy Land that thou 
hast garded so long 

Lords-day Dec''. 24'.'' felt two Dul in duty : good God take away 
this acused hard Hard of mine and give me a soft Hart one that 
may be esely Impresed upon by thy word 

Monday Tuesday^ 25, 26'!" of Dec". I fell dull in Duty and yet I 
dont se my sin so as to foliar it as I ought : I am a great sinner yet 
I Dont se my Sin aright. 

Wednesday Dec"' 27'!' Two Carles in watching over my Conduct 
for I git into the world and Depart from God. 

Thirsday Ded 28')" Lord I find it a hard Peace of work to deny 
myself oh that thou Lord would make it more easey by granting 
thy Holey speret to thy unworthy servant. 

Friday Dec": 29"" I Thought on a life of Religion ; But with two 
much Coldness 

Saturday and Lords-day Dec''. 30, 31'!' Alas what gloomy time is 
this to my Sole ; oh that God would Cause light to arise out of the 
midst of darkness and Shuew to me his Salvation 

Monday and Tuesday January i, 2f Days, Being the year of our 
Lord Christ 1776. oh How unprofitable have I bin this Year Past 
in the Servis of God. 

Wednesday Jan^. 3*.^ oh that I might live more nigh to God for 



Amos Farnsworth's Diary 97 

the time to come : For I se that mortals must dy : This Day Aunt 
Longley ^ of Shierly was buried. And another Woman of the same 
Town was at hur work : Instantly fell Down and died in an Hours 
time ; grant blessed God that I may not Loose the improovment of 
these Despencations of Devine Providence, But may my Sole be 
filed with Admiration for thy Distinguishing goodness to me. 

Thursday Friday Ja?^: 4. 5* alas what a sinner I am, my sins 
are of the blackest Die Alas thay are inhanst because when I had 
akened in some Degree to a sence of my duty I have fell into Car- 
nal Security again : Oh will the Lord help me out of the Deep mier 
in which I am fallen 

Saturday and Lords-dad January^ 6. 7 two dul in duty : I went 
to Meeten all Lords-day and hear^ the Rev. M': Biggalow from, 
S, John 3. 16. For God so loved the world, that he gave his only 
begoton Son, &c. he shue the Method of Salvation by Christ Jesus. 

Monday Tuesday Jan^. 8. 9. I am unworthy of a plase in the 
world : it is a wonder of the Lord's mercy that I am not Consumeed. 

Wednesday Jan^ 10'!' alas the degeneracy of the times 
Since Godly men deca O Lord, 
do thou my cause dend : 
For scarse these wretched times aford, 
one jest and faithful! frend. 

\_Some pages of the Diary here tnissing.'\ 

Monday Tuesday Febr" 19. 20* [1776] Alas the Divel has great 
hold of me I am under his laws and am secure 

Wednesday Thursday FeP 21. 22. How have I got into the 
world o Lord keep me from the sin of the world 

Friday Saterday 23 24'^ Feb^ I indulge Security and am blind 

Lords-day Feb-' 25'.': Went to Meeten and herd Rev. M^ Emerson 
of Concord from Isaiah in forenoon 3 Chap. 10. 11 Verses Say ye 
to the righteous that it shall be well with him : Wo unto the wicked 
it shall be ill with him ; Afternoon from S Luke 18. 7. And shall 
not God avenge his own elect, which Cry day and night unto him, 
though he bare long with them ? felt dul in duty : I Pray God 
grant that by the Preaching of this Worthey Man I may be stired up 
to my duty and to a holy walk with God 

1 The wife of William Longley, of Shirley, who was Mary, eldest child of 
Joseph and Abigail (Sawtell) Parker, of Groton. 

7 



98 Amos Farnsworth's Diary 

Monday Tuesday FeM 26. 2^^ Security and backwardness to 
duty 

Wednesday FeM 28 I went to a funeral of Dec [on] Colyars^ 
Thursday Feb^' 29 Security 

Friday March y'- i'.' I went to se Abigail Stone ^ who was very 
sick She was in great consern about hur sole 

Saturday and Lords-day March 2. 3^^ I have two much cause to 
lement my Past life I went to meeten herd Rev. mf Bigelow fore- 
noon 2 Corinhians 4. 18. While we look not at the things which 
are seen, but at the things which are not seen : for the things 
which are seen are temporal ; but the things which are not seen 
are eternal, he set forth the Excelency of things unseen to things 
seen: Afternoon from Psalms 16. 11 in thy presence is foolness 
of Joy, at thy right hand thare are pleasures forevermore. 

Monday Tuesday March 4. 5'!' oh Lord Ifift me out of the Pit of 
Security : and save me for I am a sinner 

Wednesday March, 6, I her*? that Father was found near Pepperil 
Bridge. I took my hors and rode" there ; and found that he had bin 
seen on the top of the water near shore but was not stoped : I Pray 
God grant that His body may be found If Consistant with thy will 
for it is a living sorrow But why should I be so anxious about the 
body when the sole is gon to its place, oh that I was more Anxious 
to secure the immortal part which nither Dies nor dcays. 

Thursday March 7* was sot apart for Fasting and prayer : but 
we had no Preaching : I was at the fun of mf Dodges Child, Decon 
[James] Stone made the Prayer ? 

Friday March 8"' Show to me my security O Lord most High? 

Saturday Ma''. 9": I with two or three others sot out in order to 
go down by the side of Nashawa River to the mouth of the same 
we got to the lower bridge then left the river : being dark, for lodg- 
ing : Part of us stayed at Esqr Lovels I and Brother Holden ^ went 
further to William Luns 

Sabath-day Mr^. 10*!' went quit to the moutl^ of the river then 
back for home Came to Holis : Betwixt Longleys Island and 

1 Probably alluding to the funeral of some one in Deacon Collier's family. 

2 A daughter of Deacon James and Mary (Farwell) Stone, born on Decem- 
ber 2, 1736. 

3 Jabez Holden, who married Rachel Farnsvvorth, an elder sister of the 
diarist. 



Amos Farnsworth's Diary 99 

Jacho Mill ^ about a Mile below s'! Mill thare we found the Bodey 
that we was looking after took out the same and Brot it home 

Monday March 1 1';'' the funeral was set and Mr Bigelow Came 
and went to Prayer : oh that I might think on his words and be 
ready for a suden Chang ? 

For the most of this Week I was thoughtless and Blind ; and 
have not don my duty : and I never shall if god does not help ; 
and Quicken me and oh Lord Put within me a right Hart and 
temper of mind? 

Lords Day March ly'?' I her'.' the Rev' Mr Bigelow from James 
2, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18'.'' He incested most on the i8 verse : he sed a 
ded faith without works is ded? this day y*" British troops left 
Boston 

March Mofiday 1 8* I am Exercised with an exceeding Hedake : 

the troubels of this life. Yisterday the British Troops left Boston 

Tuesday Wednesday March 19, 20*!" Alas I have not the Presence 
of God Good God Help me to disern my Blindness and Dedness 
in matters of Religion 

Thursday Friday March 21, 22"'' Coldness in duty 

Saturday March 23'.' I went to see Abigail Stone who was sick 
and very low : Prayed with hur But was Two Cold and lifeless ; oh 
warm my Hart Blesed God ; and may I be more Earnest in Beging 
for mercy? 

Sabath-day March 24* Her'l Rev' Mr Bigelow forenoon Philip- 
pians, 2, 5 Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus ; 
Afternoon Psalms 44 the six first Verses. We have heerd with our 
ears, O God, our fathers have told us what work thou didst in their 
days, in the times of old. &c He sed that our fathers Coming hear 
being in the Year 1620 on the 11 of December; was similer in 
many instances to that of God bringing his Ancant People the Jews 
into Canan, out of Egypt : for he has sufered no Enimy to Destroy 
us : for when France Sent a 

\_Some pages here missing.~\ 

1 went to meeten and heerd Rev' Mr Daniel Emerson^ From i 

1 Longley's Island is probably the island near the mouth of a small brook, 
in what is now Nashua, N. H. ; and " Jacho's Mill " is the same as Jaquith's, 
later known as Runnells's, in Hollis, N. H. 

2 Rev. Daniel Emerson (H. C. 1739), of Hollis» N. H. 



L.ofC. 



loo Amos Farnsworth's Diary 

Corinthians ii. 26 For as oft as ye eat this bread and drink this 
Cup ye do shew the Lords death til he come 
The Church of Christ in this Place Purtook of the Sacrament O 
that I had Grace to fit me for such near approch to Christ at his 
Table But now I turn my back But as I turn Such Thoughts as 
these sugest to my mind ; Ah thou ungrateful! retch to slight the 
ordiance of the Supper see my Children feed there Sols Richly : 
whilst thine is a Starveing : Wouldest thou not pay more regard to 
the last words of a Dear and dying frind if by so doing you would 
Reep so much advantage as you might by this ordiance. As I 
walked out with what shame did I skulk for Rev, mf Emerson spoke 
Close to those that turn thare backs 

Lords-day May 5 [1776] I her'' Rev? M' Adams from Romans 
12. II Not slothful! in business A meen Sermon afternoon M' 
Whitemore from Mathew 6. 10 Thy will be done in Earth as it is 
in Heaven, he Spoke little better 

Thursday May g'*' was sot Apart by the Town for fasting and 
Prayer that God would be Plesed to send Us a man for a teacher 
that will be faithfuU Over the flock Rev. Mf Whitney of Shirley 
Preached in the forenoon from Colossians, i. 7 Afternoon Rev- 
M' Emerson from S Luke 10. 2 Pray ye therefore the Lord of the 
harvest that he would send forth labourers into his Harvest this was 
preaching he had no nots oh that I might treasher up the truths 

Lords-day May 1 2 went to meeten in the afternoon her? Mr Bige- 
low from Ecclesiastes 9. 10 felt Cold and dul in duty 

My Brother Jonas Came hom from Mechias [Maine.] 

Friday May 17'!' this day was sot Apart by the Grand Congras 
as a day of fasting and Prayer throughout the Continent I went to 
meten and herd Rev, Mr B. from 2 Chronicles 20 from the fifth to 
the thirteenth Verse : But O Coldness in duty Help good Lord 
and forgive 

Sabbath day May 26 oh dedness in duty I went to Meten herd 
M. Fisk forenoon from Psalms 4'!' 6 Afternoon Mathew 22. 5 But 
they made light of it A Smart Young Precher 

Lords-day. June 2 I went to meeten herd R[ev.] M^ B. from i 
Corinthians 10. 31. Whether therefore ye eat, or drink, or what- 
soever ye do do all to the glory of God was sleepey and dul in the 
forenoon O that I was more lively in duty : But Alas Coldness in 
maters of Religion 



Amos Farnsworth's Diary loi 

Monday June 17'.'' on this day of the month was Charlestown 
fight a year ago I was wounded by our 

\^Sof?ie pages here missing.^ 

Groton March 20* 1778 I being prest with a sence of my Duty 
in Coming to the Lords table and being Convinced that it was my 
Duty : it being an absolute Command of my dying Saviour I went 
to our Paster the Rev. Daniel Chapplin ^ to offer myself to the Com- 
munion But Alas what oppertions did I meet with from the Divil 
and my Corrupt and wicked Hart to that degree that I had thots of 
turning back but Considering how unsoldierlike it was to turn the 
back I went forward, and I was I hope in some Mesure anabled 
to lay open my Hart and desire to him and he Delt faithfully & 
kindly with me 

22 Lords day I was Propounded for Communion now for this 
week my mind was diferantly Exercised Some times A glimpse of 
hope and other times overwhelm'^ with fear 

29 Lds was afected with the Preching 

April I Wednesday herd a lecter by Rev. Daniel Emerson from 
Zepheniah 3. 17 he will rest in his live 

Thursday April 2"'' Etended our Privit Meeten But was dull in 
duty oh God Parden and forgive 

3 fr was Meloncoly 

46". I hope I enjoyed some of the Presence of God : O God 
make me thankfuU 

5 Lds. I went to Meetin & herd yf Rev. W. Chapplin from Luke 
14. 17'i' Come for all things are Now ready I was Admited to Join 
with the Church of Christ in this place : and O how did I long to 
love God, and do my duty and live up to my Sacramental Engage- 
ments O God I beg that thou wood Increase my faith & love & 
Repentance and obedance and O God may I never fall into Secu- 
rity And it was Communion day &c and we was Entertained in 
the afternoon from Romans 4. 16 Therefore it in [is] of faith that 
it might be by Grace 

6 J// injoyed Some freedom in famerly Duty thanks be to God 

1 Rev. Daniel Chaplin (H. C. 1772), minister of Groton. He and Mr. Bige- 
low, previously mentioned, had preached as candidates for the vacancy caused 
by the resignation of Mr. Dana. 



I02 Amos Farnsworth's Diary 

7 Tu O God grant Me thy quickening Spirit & O may I prase 
and love the 

8 We, I herd d- Parker ^ an Anabaptis preacher he spoke from 
Exodus 17* 6 and thou shalt smite the Rock &c 

9 Th, I am two luke warm : O Lord Shoe to me my true State 
& Condition and if there is any Sin that I have never Repented of 
Discover it unto me & give me repentance and O God give me a true 
hatred of Sin and a Grater love to Religon. 

10 Fr, dull in Religon tS: Stuped 

1 1 Sa, had Som sence of Sin ; & I was a plowing, and these 
words Came often to my mind, and the Plowing of the Wicked is 
Sin : now thinks I it may be I am sining in Every furrow I turn and 
if that is the Case what a load of Sin and gilt awaits me. But O 
God if I am a wicked Man in the sence of the words wilt thou dis- 
cover unto me my Sin and O God wilt thou Give me Repentance 
and sarch me O God Shoe me the Plage of my Hart 

1 2 Ld, I Heard M' Thatcher. Lord Make me to know my duty 
and give me love and faith 

13 M, d, O security, and dulness, and slothfullness to duty oh 
may I see my self and Repent. 

14 T, u, O Lord may I grow in Grace and in the knowledge of 
the truth & O Lord may my Coruptions be Subdued. 

15. 16. W, T/i, my mind was sumthing Composed I went to 
Privit meetin on Th we Red a sermon of Mr Davis, oh Jeruselim 
Jerusalm who kileth the Profets and stoneth them that are sent unto 
you how often would I have gathered you together as a hen gath- 
ereth hur Chickings under hur wings and you would not. 

177^, I feal Cold and dul & feal I want a sence of the love of 
God &c 

18 S, Lord lift upon me the light of thy Countance and be my 
God 

19 Z, d, went to Meetin M. Chaplain Preached in the forenoon 
from S' Mathew 10.*'' 33. But whosoever shall deny me before men, 
him will I also deny before my Father which is in Heaven. After- 
noon Luke 14, 22. And the servant said Lord it is dun as thou hast 
Commanded and yet there is room, oh the hardness of my hart 
that I cant Moorn more for Sin. But I moorn that I Cant moorn 

1 Dr. Isaiah Parker, who had previously studied medicine, and who two 
months later, on June 10, was ordained at Harvard. 



Amos Farnsworth's Diary 103 

and (desire to) Pray that I might moorn, and may I be thankfull 
that I Can see myself in any degree 

20 M, I seemed to be presed to secret duty by my Consiance, 
■ but felt a strange backwardness O that I did love Religion. 

{^Some pages here missing.'] 

5, 6, 7 [May, 1778,] T, IV, T/i, had some asistance in Prayer 
for which I desire to be thankfull : but am two lukewarm and Dull 
and lifeliss in Duty 

8, 9 F, S, on F went to a funeral of M^ William Grean's ^ but 
was dul when the duty of Prayer was Preformed : in the Evening 
love was somewhat in Exercise by Conversing with Christions friends 

oh that I was thankfull for favors Resieaved and that I did live 
near to God & in the way fo my duty 

10 Z,d M". Chaplain Preached at Shirley and I heard him from 
Revelation 22. 17. And whosoever will let him take the water of 
life freely afternoon from Amos 4. 12. &c but althoe the Preech- 
ing was powerfull yet in the afternoon I was dul and Cold oh that 
God wood warm me with his spirit Even me who am a ded dog and 
oh forgive forgive and power out thy Sperit and quicken me by thy 
divine Grase and shed abroad thy love in My Soal in the Evening 
was Melted with a Sence of my hard hart & was led to join with 
Dr Wats 

Dear Saviour, Steep this rock of mine in thine own crimson sea ! 

Noone but a bath of blood divine can melt this flint away. 

\1 L d, during the last week I was much tempted to Sin and to 
backslide from God & was in a Cold frame for the most part I 
went to a privit meeten & Church meeten this day I heard Mr 
Chapplin from Luke 10. 42 But one thing is needfull ; and Mary 
hath Choson that Good part &c Afternoon Colossians 3. 2. Set 
your affections on things above &c Alas I git from God my guide 
and so am tempted by the Divil and my wicked hart to Sin of the 
blackest nature 

18, 19, M, T, oh how am I Urged on to Sin by the flesh and the 
Divil : oh Lord subdue my Corruptions and may I see more of the 
plage of my own hart h. hate Sin with a parfect hatred and turn to 
the Lord who will pardon 

1 According to his epitaph, William Green died on May 7, 1778, in the 
eightieth year of his age. 



I04 Amos Farnsworth's Diary 

Now for the remainder of this Week I was Exersised with temp- 
tatision to Sin and was foild by Saton and fell into great sin ; for it 
was my Constitutinal sin : & I thought I had got the victory over it 
and was of my guard But oh the blackness of my Crime it being 
comited deliberately and knowingly how do I deserve Hell and 
misery & Everlasting banishment 

24 L, d, W- Chaplain Preached from Colossians 3. i. If ye 
then be risen with Christ seek those things which are above after- 
noon y" same chapter & 3 verse : for ye are ded and your life is hid 
with Christ in God But was Cold and dul having no Sense of of \sic\ 
my danger or my Duty the six next days was followed with temp- 
tations to Sin ; and alas I have no strength to withstand with that 
farmness as I ought 

31 L, d, Atempted secret Prayer in the Morning But O I dont 
meet with God Alas I fear He has withdrawn wholey from me and 
well he may on account of my late sin in in \_sic] particular O was 
Ever any Creature Porsed with such a hard Hart as I am ; did ever 
a Creature stand it out against there Creatore as I do O that God 
wod humble me on that acount I herd IM' [Moses] Adams of Acton 
from Luke 14. 18 And thay all with one Consent began to make 
excuse Afternoon Mathew 9. 12. But when Jesus heard that he 
said unto them thay that be whole need not a physician but thay 
that are sick. 

Monday^ T, Jime i, 2. 1778 O the dulness & indiferance that 
has seas^ my hart : art Thou quite gon O Lord O return unto thy 
unworthy Servent ; thou wood be jus I must confess if thou was to 
tak away the Strivings of thy Spirit from me. But oh God do not 
withdraw and give me up to hardness of Hart and a Reprobate 
mind But wash me in the great fountain But O Lord I have noth- 
ing to plead as to worthiness But I have much to Plead as to my 
Nesesity & want 

3 W^ went to lector and herd, M. Newel from Colossians i. 27 
which is Christ in you the hope of Glory 

4 Th, was dul in Religion was Riding with a Christion frind ; 
had agreable Conversation on the rode, herd a lector at Luning- 
burg by M' whitney ^ from Acts 3. 26. in turning every one of you 
from his iniquities. I was furnished with mater of self Examation 

1 Rev. Phineas Whitney (II. C. 1759), of Shirley. 



Amos Farnsworth's Diary 105 

by the reading of M^ Flavels life But O how do I come short of 
his example and how infinitely short of the Example of Christ 

5, 6, F, S, had some inlargment in duty But mostly cold and 
dul in duty 

7 Z, d, this was Communion day with our Church & there was 
Seven persons taken into the Church M^ Chaplain Preached from 
Romans 6. i, 2. What shall we say then shall we Continue in Sin 
that grace may abound God forbid how shall we that are ded to 
sin live any longer therein Afternoon Colossians 3. 4. When 
Christ who is our life shall appear then shall ye also appear him 
in glory, his Proformance was Extraordany I had something of a 
vew of the odaous nature of Sin and some cuting Reflections on the 
Acount thereof 

8, 9, M, T, was slothfuU in duty for the most part 

10 W, rod to Harvord to an Ordanation of Dr Parker of the 
baptis order; Dr Stilman gave the discorce his text was in the 2, 
Timothy 2. 2. And the things that thou hast heard of me, among 
many witnesses the same Commit thou unto faithfuU men who shall 
be able to teach others also. M^ AUin gave a lector towards night 
in the same place from Mathew 5. 6. let your light so shine before 
men &c 

11. 7%, went to Privit meetin why oh my Sole dont you love 
your redeemer more and hate Sin more 

12, 13, F, S, had some inlargment in the duty of Prayer and 
meditation make me thankfull o Lord 

14 Z, d, herd Mf Chaplin from Hebrews, 6. 7, 8. For the 
earth which drinketh in the rane that Cometh oft upon it, &c En- 
joyed some Comfort in duty and was asisted in Spakeing in the 
famerly on important truths. 

15, 16 M, T, was tempted to Sin even to my right hand Sin. 

17, 18 IV, Th, went to Westford to an ordonation ^ But it was 
put By til the nex wek on acount of some Dificualtyes and divisions 
in the Church had opertunity for meditation by the way 

19, 20, F, S, had some freedom in prayer But alas at what a 
low rate do I live with God and in religion ; oh that God wold 
revive the things that begin to die in me 

1 June 17, 177S, was the day appointed for the ordination of Mr. Jesse Read 
at Westford, which, owing to dissensions in the church, did not take place. 
See Hodgman's History of Westford (pp. 269-271), for an account of the 
difficulty. 



io6 Amos Farnsworth's Diary 

21 L, d, herd M' Thatcher from Corinthians 13. 5. Examin 
yourselves whether ye live in the faith how apt I am to Rest secure 
and live in the neglect of duty ; and sin at a high rate; oh God 
shoe to me my Sins and foly and Grant me new obediance 

For the three next days I Enjoyed somthing of the Divine Pres- 
ence was with a Christen that spoke on the power of religion : oh 
that I did live near to God and Duty the Sun was in an Aclips on 
Wednesday 24 Day which aforded me mater of Medation 

25 7%, went to privet meeten O that I was more thankfull 

26 I^ the Wather was Exceding hot & I was much exposed to it 
which led me to reflect on the State of the finerly impenant who will 
be forst to bare the scaldings drops of Gods wrath without any 
toleration or mixter of mercy 

27 S, O that my hart was in Heaven while my hands is Engaged 
about my lawfull buisness. 

28 L, d, herd M. Chaplin John 6. 44. No man can come to 
me except the Father which hath sent me draw him ; &c After- 
noon Mathew 5. 6. Blesed are thay which do hunger and thurst 
after righteousness : for they shall be filled. O how dull am I un- 
der the Preeching of the word : for which I am to blame quicken 
me O Lord by thy Spirit 

Now for three days I was two dul in religion and duty 

2 July Th^ Sot out Early in the morning & went to Worster & 
saw fore Persons Hung for the murder of M. Spooner of Brook- 
fieald : Viz, M" Spooner his wife M' Buchanan. Brooks & Ros all 
young persons^ and O what a solam sean it was : to Behold Per- 
sons lanching into the world of sperits O Lord keep me from fall- 
ing into Sin which Exposes life to to {_sic\ publick Justis : But Alas 
how have I Exposed my life temporal & Etarnal to Divine Justis 
thou oh God would be Just to make me Miserable and Cast me of 
for ever 

3 F, went to Church meeten O at what a low rate do I live 

4 .S", was Enabled to use fervency in Prayer in the morning 

5 Z, d, herd M': Chaplin from Colossians 3. 4. When Christ 
who is our life shall appear, then shall ye Also appear with him in 

1 This case had caused great excitement in central Massachusetts on account 
of the social standing of Mrs. Spooner. Her accomplices were James Buchanan 
and William Brooks, who had been soldiers in I5urgoyne's army, and Ezra Ross, 
a former soldier in the American army from Ipswich. 



Amos Farnsworth's Diary 107 

glory. Afternoon Proverbs 8. 17. I love them that love me and 
those that seek me early shall find me. Lord cause thy word 
preeched this day to be profitable to all that herd it ; Especily to 
my Sole and the Youth in special Now for the Past week I was 
much in the world ; But Enjoyed some Comfort in God in the way 
of duty 

12 Z, d, herd M' Thatcher from Jeremiah 13. 23. Can the Ethio- 
pian chang his skin or the leopard his spots? then may ye also do 
good that are accustomed to do evil. Afternon Luke 10. 29. But 
he wiling to Justify himself said unto Jesus and who is my neighbor 

19 Z, ^, the last week I was in a dul frame in Relig" herd Mr 
Thatcher &c 

26 Z, d, O how was I the week Past ded and liflis in Duty 
taking little or no delight in secret Prayer O Lord Pluck me as a 
brand out of the burning & deliver my sole from the pit of dis- 
truction herd Mr Chaplin from Acts 3. 19. Repent ye therefore 
and be converted, that your sins may be blotted out, when the 
times of refreshing shall come from the Presence of the Lord, he 
Pointed out Repentance as the way to life in a strikeing point of 
light O that I could feel this true repentance which would afect a 
true refermation in my hart and life 

2 Z, d, August herd Mr Chaplin from John 7. 37. \\\ the last 
day that great day of the feast Jesus stood and cried saying if any 
man thurst let him come unto me and drink, afternoon Ephesians 
6. 4. And ye fathers provoke not your children to wrath : but 
bring them up in the nurture and admonition of the Lord this was 
Communion day with our Church but I was Exceeding dul and 
stuped 

16 L, d, herd Mi^ Chaplin from Romans 16. 27. God only wise 
afternoon Ephesians 6. 4. 

30 Z, d^ herd Mr Chaplin from Ephesians 6. 4. his Preeching 
was powerfull. addressing Parents and Children with a mooving 
afection O that it might proove of real benefit to all and to me in 
particular. 

this week I was Exersised with temptation oh the fountain of 
Corrupttion and Sin that loges in my Brest 

6 September Z, d^ herd M. Chaplin from Romans 8. 9. Now if 
any man have not the Spirit of Christ he is noone of his he shew 
the affect of the Spirit by Giving a short commentary on Galatians 



io8 Amos Farnsworth's Diary 

5. 22, 23. oh Lord work in and for me thy good Pleasure & help 
me in the neglected duty of Self examanation and O that thou wood 
sharch me and discure to me the Plag of my own hart 

13 L, d, herd Ml^ Brick from Isaiah 40. i Comfort ye comfort 
ye m[y peop]le saith your God afternon Malachi 3. 14. Ye have 
said it is vain to serve God : he spoke with a feealing sense of what 
he sed 

27 Z, d, herd Mr Perry ^ from James i. 2. My bretherin Count 
it all joy when ye fall into divers temptations Afternon Genesis 
23. 2 And Sarah died in Karjath-arba the same is hebron in the 
land of Canaan and Abraham came to morn for Sarah and to weep 
for hur. 

4 Z, d, herd W. Thare Mathew 5. 13. ye are the salt of the 
earth : but if the salt have lost his savor wherewith shall it be salted 
it is henceforth good for nothing but to be Cast out and to be troden 
under foot of Men Afternoon Zechariah 9. 12. Turn ye to the 
stronghold ye prisoners of hope 

8 T, October Was on a Jorney to Boston & was tempted to Sin 
and I indulged the thought to two great a length and was hurred on 
to the wounding of my sole and dishonor of God Lord Convince 
me of sin and convert me unto thy self 

18 Z, d, herd Mf Chaplin Matthew 6. 10 Thy kingom come. 
Afternoon Romans 8. i. There is therefore now no condemnation 
to them which is in Christ Jesus who walk not after the flesh but 
after the Spirit. O that I Could feel the water of this preaching 

25 Z, ^, herd M-' Chaplin from Mathew 6. 10, thy will be dun 
on Earth as it is in heaven. Afternoon Ezekel 18. 31 for why will 
ye die 

1 November Z, d, herd Mr Powars ^ of Cohors from Proverbs 18. 
10. the name of the Lord is a strong tower, the righteous run into 
it and is safe [ ] Powerfull [ ] 

\_Some pages here ?>iissing.'\ 

Blessed is the nation whos God is the Lord ; and the people whome 
he has chosen for his own inheritance 

^ Perhaps the Rev. Joseph Perry (H. C. 1752), of East Wmdsor, Conn., who 
on October 23, 1755, had married Sarah Lawrence, of Groton. 

2 Rev. Peter Powers (H. C. 1754), of Haverhill, N. H., which was then 
known as Lower Coos. 



Amos Farnsworth's Diary 109 

3 S^JaJiuary, 1779], Z, d, herd M-' Chaplin from Luke 9. 23"^ 
And he said to them all, if any man will come after me let him deny 
himself and take up his cross daly and follow me AfP Philippians 
4. 5 The Lord is at hand. I am wofuUy stupid and in a lithargick 
state and seem to be left of God & given up to Hardness of hart 
oh that God wold apear for me in much mercy & awaike my drousey 
powers to obediance for if thou Lord dost not apear I shall be lost 
forever 

24 Z, d, herd M^ Chaplin from Mathew 6. zf. But seek ye the 
kingdom of God and his rightoness & all thess things shall be added 
unto you 

$\ L, d, herd M- Chaplin from i John 4. 9. in this was mana- 
fested the love of God toward us, because that God sent his only 
begoting Son into the world, that we might live through him. 
Afternoon Luke 9. 23. and take up his cross daly and follow me 

7 Z, d, February this was sacrament day herd Mf Chaplin from 
John 6. 56. he that eateth my flesh and drinketh my blood dwell- 
eth in me and I in him Afternoon Psalm no. 3. Thy people 
shall be willing the day of thy power in the Beauties of holiness for 
the wome of the morning : thou haish the dew of thy youith oh 
that I had a hart to sarve God but how do I live secure and dull 
in the injoyment of Gospel ordinances ; O the the \_sk'] wickedness 
of the hart 

21 L, d, herd Mr Chaplin 2 Corinthians 6. 2 behold now is the 
excepted time behold now is the day of salvation : afternoon S, 
John Verily verily I say unto you He that believeth on me hath 
everlasting. Lord return unto me who has bacsliden from the & 
grant that I may never back slide from the more ; help lord for 
vain is my own help, and atemps to Chang my own hart for Sin 
brakes out, and love groes Cold 

28 Z, d, herd W. Chaplin i Peter 5. 6. Humble your selves 
therefore under the mighty hand of God, that he may exalt yoy in 
due tim 

7 L, d Alarch herd M' Chaplin from Hebrews 6. 18. That by 
two immutable things in which it is impossible for God to lie, we 
might have a strong consolation, who have fled for refuge to lay 
hold upon the hope set before us 

14 Z herd W. Chaplin from Galations 2. \(f} For I through the 
law am ded to the law that I might live unto God. Time lost and 
wo is me 



iio Amos Farnsworth's Diary 

[Some pages here missmg.'] 

25 L, d, April [1779,] herd Mf Chaplin from i'' Corinthians C 
10. nor dronkards shall inherit the kingdom of God oh hardness 
without a Parrial 

2 Z, d, May herd Mr Chaplin from i Timothy 6. 10 For the 
love of money is the root of all evil 

6 Th^ this was a day set apart by our honerable Contanental 
Congras as a day of Publick fasting and Prayer herd M- Chaplin 
from Lamentations 3. 40, 31. Let us search and try our ways and 
turn again to the Lord. For the Lord will not cast of forever. O 
the stupidity of my mind and dedniss in duty o that I was truly 
awakened to my duty which must be by an almity power or else I 
shall be dead still 

The following entry also appears on a page of the Diary. 
Amos Shed, mentioned therein, was the eldest child of Wil- 
liam and Lydia (Farnsworth) Shed, and was born on April 
17, 1766. His mother was a sister of the diarist; and pre- 
sumably the paper was drawn up when the young man became 
of age. 

To all whom it may concern know that I Amos Shed of Groton in 
the County of Middlesex and Commonwealth of Massechusetts 
Labourer Have this day reed of Amos Farnsworth of the afores- 
Groton Gentlemen my guardian Nineteen Pounds nine shillings and 
one farthing in full of one right or double portion or share in the 
real Estate of my late Grandfathers Amos Farnsworth deceas- Es- 
tate accrued to me in right of my late mother Lydia Shed deceas- 
In consideration of the above sum I do for my self Heirs and 
assigns acquit all my right in my late Grandfathers Estate to him 
and his Heirs forever 

The following two or three pages are found in a separate 
note-book, and contain entries made during the campaign of 
1776, while Mr. Farnsworth was in Captain Job Shattuck's 
company, of which he was Ensign. 



Amos Farnsworth's Diary 



III 



o 



o " 3 " o 

John Parker o " 3 " o 

Lent M^ Gilson o " 3 " o 

o " 2 " 6 

^//^7/5-/ Ticonderoga 27 1776 Lent Thomas Baker o '' 4 " o 

August Ticonderoga 29'.'^ 1776 Lent Levi Parker twelve Dollars 
Septr 7 Lent Ephraim Robins five Shilings York 
Sepr: 17 lent Elisha Hoit one Dollar 

John Nutten dr 0:2:5:0 

lent William Colburn o = 1:6:0 

Sepf. 20'^ Lenard Taylor Money Payd at Several times, o : 12 : 4 : o 
Sept: Lieu^ Connant D^ 0:2:3 

Septr 26'^ Pay'^ for washing for the Deceasd in 

Capt. Shattuck Comp. o : 10 : 9-0 

Lent Sarg! Parker one Dollar. 
Lent Sargt Sawtell five Dollars 

Cap'. Shattuck to sause 0:1:10:0 

Lenard Taylor Df 0:1:8:3 

Lent Thomas Baker o - 2 - o 

Lent Joseph Taylor Seven Dollars 

Lent Amasa Gilson One Dollar 

Lent Amasa Gilson 0:7:6:0 

lent Joseph Taylor Seven Dollars 

lent Thomas Baker Two Dollars 

Oct: 1776 Isaac Warren D^ for a Pare of Stockens 0-7-0-0 

Spencer Dec: 6'^ 1776 Lent Isaac Williams two Dollars & Six Pence 

Some remarks to help the Memerry 

July Tuesday 23-.' 1776. I sot out on my march for Canada Got 
to Charlstown New hampshire 

Saturday July 27. Marched from Charlstown. 

Mofiday August 5'^ Arived at Ticonderoga 

Saturday August 10 

Sunday august 1 1 we went to a Mount South of Ty known by 
the name of Mount Independence 

Tuesday August 20'?' we mooved acrost the lake and Pich'i our 
Tents on Ticonderoga 

Thursday Sept: 12 Eight of us went upon the Generals Bisness 
8 mils Below Crown-Point 



112 Amos Farnsworth's Diary 

friday Sepf. 13 Returning back Stopt and supt at a Widow 
woman's hous in Aderson [Addison, Vt.] whare the Smal Pox hod 
bin the day before Stay'! at Adderson all night 

Saterday Sepf 14*!' we Returned back to Tie 

Friday Oct!^ n^^ our fleet and the Enemy had a battle. And 
Continured till Sunday Oct": I3'^ and we lost twelve Sail & five 
Retreeted to Ty 

Monday Odr 28'^ the Enemy Apeared in Site on a Point of land 
and in Battucks [Batteaux] advancing towards us we was Alarmed 
and Expected an atack we was in high Sperits 

Simday Novr. 3"! the Regulers left Putnam and Crown Point 
and went to winter quarters 

Tuesday Nov': 26* we Set out for home by the way of Albany 
arived at Fort Gorge Wednesday: & Fort Edwood Thirsday and 
fort An & Saratoga & Stilwater Friday 

Saterday lay near Albany 

Sunday Decenber i'.' Eat brakefast in Albany I went to Meeten 
in the fore noon herl Preeching from Acts 2. 36, 37, 38 Crosed 
Hutsons river in the afternoon lay at Green Boosh 

Monday Dec'- 2 Came to Canterhoock [Kinderhook, N. Y.] & 
Barrenton [Great Barrington, Mass.] & westfieald & Springfieald & 
Brookfieald & Worsister & Lankister & Shirley & Got to Groton 
Saterday Dec": 7'*' 

Ticonderoga 

An acount of the Persons that has dyed Since the 20'.'' August 
1776 in Colo" Jona'. Reads Regiment 

Lieu^ Tomson of Capt Toys Comp Died with the Small pox at 
fort Jorge 

Corporil Spoldin of Cap' Fords Comp^^ died at fort Jorge Small 
Pox. 

Wednesday Se/>fr_ 4 M^ Baker Cap'. Parkers C Dy<? And M": Dam- 
mon of Cap, Bancroft 

Wednesday Sepf. 10'.'' 1776 Joshuea Shattuck of Cap- Shattuck 
Conpany Dii^ 

Saterday Sept: 14 Mr Walker of Capt. Parkers Comp, Died 
M'. Goodil of Capt, Mils Com James Graham of Capt. Shattuck 

1 This company was commanded by John Ford, of Chchnsford. 



Amos Farnsworth's Diary 1 1 3 

Comp^ Died on Friday Sept:^ 20 witli the blody-flux Elazor Whip- 
ple of Cap! Shattuck Comp, Died on Saturday Sept": 21^.' 

Sunday Sept: 22^ Jonas Blood of Cap! Shattuck Comp. 

Monday Sep'. 23''.'' John Graves of Cap! Shattuck 

Wednesday Sept: 25* W. Rice of Cap! Wheelors Comp 

A fue Days ago Lieu! Prat of Capt. Toys Comp^ Dyed at fort 
Jorge with y*: Small Pox 

Sunday Sept\2(f> M! Shattuck of Cap! Gats Comp. 

Oct: 2".'' Wednesday Benj" Jewet of Capt. Shattuck Comp. 

Oct: Mr Gates and M! Prest of Cap! Gates Com!' 

Oct: 12 Ens!> Underwood of Cap! Wheeler Com? 

Oct: 15 M! Goodale of Cap! Gates Comp. 

fore of Cap! Bancrofts ComP 

M! Kingman of Cap! Parkers Company Died on Thursday Oct! 

M^ toy of Cap! Toys Comp Died Oct! 21 

Nehemiah Parker of Cap! Shattuck CompY Died on Oct! Tues- 
day 22 

Saturday Oct: 26 Will? Colburn of Cap! Shattucks M! Under- 
wood of Cap! Whel 

Mv: if^ M! Leason of Cap! Whelors Comp. 



Appendix 



THE following Message, sent by Governor Shirley, is 
found in the printed Journal (p. 158) of the Massa- 
chusetts House of Representatives for January 16, 1745-6. 
As Captain Samuel Tarbell, mentioned therein, was a Groton 
man, probably the ''fifteen Men inlisted for the Expedition 
against Cape-Breton" were also Groton men. The state- 
ment is of some interest, as it furnishes the only record, so 
far as I know, which gives the number of those who went 
from Groton to Louisburg, under Pepperrell. Among the 
items recorded in Joseph Farwell's note-book, and printed in 
the first volume of the Groton Historical Series (No. XIV. 
p. 29), is the following entry: — 

March y*" 10"' 1745 Our men went out of Groton for Cap 
Prtoon [Breton] and the City was taken y*" 18 day of June 1745 

It is interesting here to trace the attempt to give the 
French pronunciation to the name of the Cape, a custom 
which has survived even within my memory. 

Snow-shoes were first used by soldiers in Dummer's War; 
and, under a Resolve passed by the General Court, on De- 
cember 8, 1724, as applied to various towns in the Province, 
Groton was ordered to raise forty men who were to be pro- 
vided " with a good suitable pair of Snow-shoes & Moggasins 
fit for Service." They were to be drilled in marching and 
running on the snow, and, on the discovery of the enemy, 
were to go at once in pursuit. These soldiers became known 
as *' snow-shoe men," and formed a kind of pre-Revolutionary 
minute-men. 



1 16 Appendix 

Presumably Captain Tarbell's company is the same one 
that was organized in Dummer's War, though under different 
officers. It was engaged at times in scouting around the 
country after the Indian enemy. (See Journal of the House, 
December 20, 1745.) The man killed, " and another disabled 
by Wounds^ as I infer, were not in the Louisburg expedition, 
but received their injuries elsewhere. 

A Message from His Excellency by Mr. Secretary, viz. 
Gentlemen of the House of Representatives, 

/A7n to inform you that of the Company of Snow-Shoe Men 
under the Command of Capt. Samuel Tarball, fifteen Men 
ifilisied for the Expedition agaitist Cape- Breton, afid one Man 
was killed, and another disabled by lVou?ids ; atid of the Company 
of Snow-Shoe Men tinder the Command of Capt. Joseph Wilder, 
twelve inlisted in the said Expedition ; so that for making the said 
Companies compleat, it will be necessary that twenty-nine Men more 
should be a-new i?ilisted. And therefore I desire you would provide 
for their being furnished with Snow-Shoe's atid Moggazines, as others 
have been. 

W. SHIRLEY. 

Council Chamber 
Jan. 15. 1745. 

The Journal of the Massachusetts House of Representa- 
tives for the year 1745 contains many entries in regard to 
the expedition against Louisburg, besides numerous allusions 
to the event, which oftentimes give useful hints. 



Appendix 117 



Captain Farringtons Company 

The following '' Return of Men," etc., mentioned in the 
note on page 52, is found among the manuscripts of the 
Massachusetts Historical Society, given by me, on October 
I, 1895. The papers came into my possession from General 
A. Harleigh Hill, of Groton, Vermont, a descendant of Cap- 
tain Ephraim Wesson, who more than a hundred years ago 
carried the name of the Massachusetts town into the Green 
Mountain region. 

The men were enlisted by Captain Thomas Farrington, who 
raised a company in Groton and neighborhood, which served 
during the campaign of 1 760. In the copy of the return, here 
given, I have omitted some of the headings, such as "When 
Inlisted," " By whome," and " What Rigment." With the ex- 
ception of James Frye and Philip Barker, both of Andover, 
who joined a company in Colonel Osgood's command, they 
were all enlisted in the regiment of Colonel William Law- 
rence, of Groton. The date of enlistment covered a period 
extending from February 14 to April 9, 1760. " Barzzealer" 
[Barzillai] Lew, son of Primus, was a negro, and belonged to 
a well-known colored family of that day, somewhat noted for 
their musical attainments. In early times the sturdy yeo- 
manry of Massachusetts often stood in military ranks shoulder 
to shoulder with the black man; and it was never thought 
that this juxtaposition lowered their dignity. The surnames 
Kemp and Kendall are written "Kimp" and " Kindall," show- 
ing how the words then were generally pronounced. 

The Return is found on two separate sheets, each bearing 
the indorsements of the mustering officers. There is reason 
to think that there is still a sheet missing, which made up the 
complete Return. 



ii8 



Appendix 



A Return of Men Inlisted for his Majestef Service for the lotall 
Reduction of Cannada 1760. 











Names of Fathers of son 


Men? Names 


Whear born 


Whear Resedant 


Age 


under age and Masters of 
Servants 


Silous Kimp 


Groton 


Groton 


18 


Hezekiah Kimp 


Sampson Blood 


D' 


D° 


27 




Abijah Parker 


Do 


D° 


17 


the Scelectmen 


Lemuel Ames 


D° 


D° 


17 


William Lawrance 


Zachreah Parker 


D" 


D° 


21 




John Gragg 


D° 


D° 


19 


Jacob Gragg 


Aaron Blood 


D° 


D° 


21 




Joseph Page 


D° 


D° 


20 


Joseph Page 


John Hoyden 


D" 


D° 


25 




Stephen Pirce 


D° 


Do 


21 




James Fisk 


D° 


DO 


22 




Joseph Gillson 


D° 


D° 


21 




William Parker 


D" 


D° 


19 


William Parker 


Nathaniel Green 


D° 


D° 


18 


William Green 


Hezekiah Kimp 


D° 


Do 


22 




Robert Blood 


Pepperall 


Pepperall 


25 




John Trowbridge 


Groton 


Groton 


21 




John Erwin Ju^ 


D° 


Do 


21 




John Erwin 


D" 


DO 


42 




Andrew M^Farland 


D° 


DO 


18 


Margrat M'^Farland 


Abel Kimp 


D° 


Do 


17 


Hezekiah Kimp 


Oliver Hartwill 


D" 


DO 


20 


Scelectmen 


Jon? Boyden 


D« 


D° 


17 


Josiah Boyden 


Josiah Blood 


D° 


Pepperall 


18 


John Shattuck 


Abijah Warren 


Weston 


Groton 


22 




William Hubart 


D° 


Pepperall 


18 


Sheb: Hubart 


Ebenez^ Nutting 


Groton 


Groton 


17 


Thol Farrington 


James Frye 


Andover 


Andover 


20 


Co' James Frye 


Philip Barker 


Dover 


DO 


19 


Isaac Blunt 


Isaac Nutting 


Groton 


Groton 


21 




William Lasley 


D" 


DO 


18 


Robert Parker 


Jonathan Holden 


D" 


Do 


24 




Ruben Woods 


D° 


Do 


18 


Ruben Woods 



33 
[Indorsed " Farringtons Roll."] 



Appendix 



119 



A Return of Men Inlisted for his Majestef- Service for the Totall 
Reduction of Cannada 1760 











Names of Fathers of son 


Men? Names 


Whear bom 


Whear Resedant 


Age 


under age and Mastrs of 
Servants 


William Brown 


Ireland 


Stow 


31 




Obidiah Perry 


Weston 


Groton 


35 




Josiali Stevens 


Townshend 


D" 


18 


Martha Stevens 


David Sartill 


Groton 


D° 


Z7> 




Moses Keazer 


Haverall 


Groton 


45 




John Archerbill 


Groton 


D" 


18 


John Archerble 


William Pirce 


D" 


D° 


17 


Elijah Rockwood 


Joseph Parker 


D° 


D° 


16 


Ephream Ware 


Jonas Nutting 


D° 


D° 


i6 


Scelectmen 


Joshua Pirce 


Weston 


D° 


18 


Jonas Stone 


Benj-} Willson 


Groton 


Townshend 


19 


Benj-"} Wilson 


Nathan Harrington 


Lexenton 


Shirley 


19 


Richard Harrington 


John Farnsworth 


N?4 


Groton 


18 


David Farnsworth 


William Farwill 


Groton 


D° 


17 


Olever Farwill 


Richard Sartill 


D° 


D° 


22 




William Stevens 


Stow 


Stow 


29 




Jabez Kindall 


Groton 


Pepperall 


iS 


Jabez Kindel 


Ephream Kimp 


D° 


Groton 


18 


Sam'.' Kimp 


Ebn'. Woods 


D° 


Pepprall 


31 




Josiah Fish 


D° 


D" 


26 




Oliver Shead 


D° 


D" 


21 




William Shead 


D" 


D" 


22 




William Farnsworth 


D° 


D° 


22 




Jonathan Williames 


Peprall 


D" 


22 




Lemuel Patt 


Townshend 


DO 


18 


John Patt 


John Avery 


D° 


D° 


17 


Edmand Bancroft 


Barzzealer Lew 


Groton 


D° 


18 


Primous Lew 


Oliver Ellott 


D° 


Do 


24 




Henery Willord 


Lancester 


Do 


30 




Solomon Parker 


Suresbury 


Groton 


17 


Simon Parker 


Peter Gillson 


Groton 


DO 


27 




Abner Turner 


Lancester 


Do 


16 


Eliab Turner 


James Lasley 


Groton 


Pepperall 


25 




Benj? Rolf 


D° 


D° 


18 


Benj^ Rolf 


Stephen Gates 


Canterbuary 


Litleton 


17 


Stephen Gates 



35 



Index 



Inde 



X 



A. 



Abbot, Benjamin, 46. 

Acton, Mass., 51, 104. 

Adam, Rev. Mr., 85. 

Adams, Elizabeth, 78. 

Adams, Rev. Mr., 100. 

Adams, Rev. Moses, 104. 

Addison, Vt., 112. 

" Alarm lists," 79. 

Albany, N. Y., 48, 50, 51, 54-57, 67-69, 

71, 72, 74, 112. 
Allen, Benjamin, 51. 
Allen, Mr., 105. 
Ames, Lemuel, 118. 
Amherst, Gen. Jeffrey, 52, 53, 57, 58, 

64, 65, 67, 68. 
Andover, Mass., 117, 118. 
Ann, Fort, N. Y., 112. 
Annapolis, N. S., 22, 23, 27. 
Appleton, Rev. Nathaniel, 92, 93. 
Archerble [Archerbill], John, 119. 
Archerble [Archerbill], John, Jr., 119. 
Ashby, Mass., 45, 82. 
Atwell, Bridget, 44. 
Austin, Benejah, 6. 
Avery, John, 119. 
Avery [Havery], Rev. Mr., 88. 



B. 



Backus, Rev. Simon, 38. 
Bailey, Captain, company of, 55, 60, 65. 
Baker, Captain, company of, 73. 
Baker, Mr., 112. 
Baker, Thomas, iii. 
Balch [Baulch], Rev. Thomas, 12, 13, 
17, 20, 28. 



Baldwin [Baulding], Corp. Benjamin, 

52. 
Baldwin, Jacob, 46. 
Baldwin [Bauldwin], John, 46. 
Baldwin, Jonas, 46. 
Baldwin, Ruth, 46. 
Ball, Benjamin, 45. 
Ball, J5etty, 46. 
Ball, James, 46. 
Ball, Jeremiah, 46. 
Ball, Mollie, 46. 
Ball, Rachel, 45. 
Bancroft, Captain, company of, 112, 

"3- 
Bancroft, Edmund, 119. 
Barker, Sergt. David, 33. 
Barker, Philip, 117, 118. 
Barron, Stephen, 18, 22, 28, 32. ^ 

Barron, Capt. William, company of, 

51, 61. 
Battery Hill, 45. 
Bedford, Mass., 51. 
Belfast, Maine, 10. 
Belknap Papers, the, 3. 
Bell, John, 6. 

Beman, Capt. Thomas, company of, 49. 
Benedict, Mount, 91. 
Berlin, 73. 

Berry, Colonel, t,t,, 34. 
Biglow, Rev. Isaac, 95, 97-100. 
Billerica, Mass., 43, 44, 50, 52, 54. 
Blackmir, Rowland, 38. 
Blandford [Glasgow], Mass., 49, 52. 
Blood, Aaron, 118. 
Blood, Jonas, 113. 
Blood, Josiah, 118. 
Blood, Robert, 118. 
Blood, Sampson, 118. 
Blunt, Isaac, 118. 



I 24 



Index 



Boston, Mass., 8, 11, 44, 51, 55> S^. ^i- 

89, 94, 96, 99, 108. 
Boston Harbor, 



News-Letter, The," 



Boston Neck, 93. 
"Boston Weekly 

45- 
Bourn, Peletia, 9. 
Boyden, John, 118. 
Boyden, Jonathan, iiS. 
Boyden, Josiah, 118. 
Boynton, Aaron, 30, 37, 38. 
Boynton, Lieut. Joseph, 48. 
Bradstreet, Abigail, 4. 
Bradstreet, Abigail (Lakin), 4, 7. 
Bradstreet, Ann, 4. 
Bradstreet, Colonel, 26, 71. 
Bradstreet, Lieut. Dudley, diary of, 1-4, 
11-39; ancestry of, 4; marriage of, 
4 ; children of, 4 ; military record of, 
4-8. 
Bradstreet, Rev. Dudley, 4. 
Bradstreet, Hannah, 4. 
Bradstreet, Lucy, 4. 
Bradstreet, Mary, 3, 4' 
Bradstreet, Mary (Wainwright), 4. 
Bradstreet, Sarah, 4. 
Bradstreet, Gov. Simon, 9. 
Breton, Cape, 11, 13, 23, 115, 116. 
Brewer, Captain, 54. 

Briant, , 33. 

Brick, Rev. Mr., 108. 
British troops, the, 79. 

Brookfield, Mass., 48, 55, 106, 112. 

Brookline, N. H., 44, 91. 

Brooks, William, 106. 

Brown, Capt. Silas, 55. 

Brown, William, 119. 

Buchanan, James, 106. 

Bulkley, Col. John, 47. 

Bunker, John, 54. 

Bunker Hill, 45, 89. 

Bunker Hill, the Battle of 

Bunton, Andrew, 44. 

Bunton, Henry Sylvanus, 45 

Bunton, Dr. Sylvanus, 44. 

Bunton, William H., 44. 

Burchwood, r, 39. 

Burgat, Landlord, 49. 

Burge, John, 88. 

Burgoyne, Gen. John, 106. 

Burk, Major, 58, 66. 



45- 



Burying Island, 13. 

Butler, Caleb, " History of Groton," 

by, 8, 44, 84. 
Butterfield, Jonas, 49, 51, 55. 
Butterfield, Leonard, 55. 
Button Mould [Butten Mole] Bay, 59. 



Cambridge, Mass., 77, 79, 83, 84, 86- 

94. 
Cambridge [Charles] River, 94. 
Cameron, Captain, 74. 
Campbell, Ensign, 45. 
Campbell, Lieutenant, 49. 
Campbell, Major, 71. 
Canada, 22, 26, 29, 47, iii. 
Canso, the Gut of, 9, 12, 16, 19, 23, 28, 

29. 
Canterbury, N. H., 119. 
Carley, Sergt. James, 19, 21. 
Carley, Peter, 36, 37. 
Caughnawaga [Cocknawagon], Indians, 

64, 72. 
Chambalee [Chambale, Chamble], 64, 

65- 
Chambly [Chambelle], Fort, 63. 
Champlain, Lake, 58, 59, 62, 66, 68. 
Chandler, Lieutenant Colonel, 6, 21. 
Chandler, Colonel, 13. 
Chapeau Rouge [Gabarus] Bay, 8, 13. 
Chaplin, Rev. Daniel, loi-iio. 
Charles River, the, 89, 94. 
Charlestown Hill, 83. 
Charlestown, Mass., 80, 83, 85, 89, 90, 

91, lOI. 
Charlestown Neck, 90. 
Charlestown, N. H., 57, 65, 68, 69, 

III. 
Chelmsford, Mass., 61, 112. 
Chelsea, Mass., 86, 87. 
Choate, Colonel, 28. 
City Battery, the, at Louisburg, 14. 
Clagg, Captain, 59, 60. 
Clap, Captain, 49. 
Clapuni, Doctor, 49. 
Clapum, Capt. John, company of, 51. 
Clark, Lieutenant, 51. 
Colburn, William, in, 113. 
Collier, Deacon, 98. 



Index 



25 



Comings, Lieut. Nathaniel, 48. 

Commens, Rev. Mr., 89. 

Committee of Safety, the, 79, 80, 8i. 

Committee of Supplies, the, 80. 

Conant, Nathan, 46. 

Concord, Mass., 79, So, 83, 91. 

Connant, Lieutenant, in. 

Connecticut Historical Society, " Col- 
lections " of the, 9. 

Connecticut River, the, 68, 69, 

Continental Congress, the, no. 

Coos Country, N. H., 82. 

Copp's Hill, 89, 90. 

Couch, Lieut. James, 53. 

Coventry, Lieutenant, 74. 

Crafts, Mr., 37. 

Craggitt [Cragin], Sergeant, 51. 

Crocker, Mr., 13, 27. 

Crooffoot, Corp. John, 35, 36, 37. 

Crown Point, 51, 55, 60, 65, 66, 71, ni, 
n2. 

Crown Point Fort, 53. 

Cumings, Lieut Simeon, 50. 

Cummings, Lieut. Benjamin, 44. 

Curtice, Capt. John, 48. 



D. 

Dakin, John, 33. 

Dammon, Mr., 112. 

Dana, Rev. Samuel, 95, loi. 

Dartmouth, 71. 

Davis, Captain, 31. 

Davis, John, 43. 

Davis, Rev. Mr., 102. 

Dedham, Mass., 12. 

Deprare, Can., 65. 

Devens, Richard, 91. 

Dodge, Mr., 98. 

Donahew, Capt. David, 22, 28, 29. 

Donaldson, Adj. Alexander, 71. 

Dover, N. H., n8. 

Dublin, N. H., 70. 

Dudley, Captain, 12. 

" Duke Cumberland," the brig, 57. 

Dummer, Fort, 7. 

Dummer's War, 115, n6. 

Dunbarton, N. H., 53. 

Dunstable, Mass., 44, 49-51, 54, 55i 

61. 
Dwight, Brig. -Gen. Joseph, 7, 27. 



Easman, Capt. Ebenezer, 19, 22, 24, 25. 

East Boston, Mass., 86. 

East Cambridge, Mass., 84. 

East Windsor, Conn., 108. 

" Eastern Vermont, History of," 
Hall's, 6. 

Edgartown, Mass., 35, 84. 

Edward, Fort, N. Y., 52, 53, n2. 

Elexander, Landlord, 70. 

Ellott, Oliver, n9. 

Emerson, Rev. Daniel, 99, 100, loi. 

Emerson, Rev. Joseph, 84, 97. 

English, the, 54, 61, 65. 

Erwin, John, n8. 

Erwin, John, Jr., 118. 

Essex Institute, " Historical Collec- 
tions " of the, 9, 46. 

Exeter, N. H., 4. 



F. 



Farmer, Andrew, 50. 

Farnsworth, Amos, 77, 88, 94, 95, 99, 
no. 

Farnsworth, Major Amos (son), mili- 
tary record of, 77, 81, 82 ; ancestry 
of, 78 ; marriage of, 78 ; children of, 
78; diary of, 83-n3. 

Farnsworth, Benjamin, 88, 89, 94, 95. 

Farnsworth, Claudius Buchanan, 82. 

Farnsworth, David, n9. 

Farnsworth, John, n9. 

Farnsworth, John Prescott, 82. 

Farnsworth, Jonas, 100. 

Farnsworth, Luke, 82. 

Farnsworth, Lydia, no. 

Farnsworth, Lydia (Longley), 77. 

Farnsworth, Matthias, 77. 

Farnsworth, Rachel, 98. 

Farnsworth, William, n9. 

Farrington [Ferrington],Capt. Thomas, 
company of, 52, 54, 117, 118. 

" Farrington's Roll," n8. 

Farwell, Capt. Henry, company of, 77, 
80-82,84,88. 

Farwell, Joseph, 8. 

Farwell, Mary, 98. 

Farwill, Oliver, n9. 

Farwill, William, n9. 



26 



Index 



Fascine Battery, the, at Louisburg, 17, 
18, 22, 24, 27. 

Fassett, Samuel, 50. 

Fayervveather, Rev. Samuel, 29, 35. 

First New York Regiment, the, 73. 

First Provincial Congress of Massa- 
chusetts, the, 79. 

Fisk, James, 118. 

Fisk, Josiah, 119. 

Fisk, Rev. Mr., 100. 

Fletcher, Captain, 29. 

Fletcher, Jonathan, 37. 

Follicumburrer, Landlord, 49. 

Foot, Captain, 54. 

Ford, Capt. John, company of, 112. 

Foster, Henry, 54. 

Fourth Massachusetts Regiment, the, 
4, 18, 24. 

French, the, 11, 14, 18, 20, 21, 23, 29, 
36, 54, 59-65. 

French and Indian War, the, 9, 53, 68, 
79; Sergt. David Holden's diary 
kept during, 41-74. 

Fry, Capt. James, 6, 30, 31, 37. 

Fry, John, 6. 

Frye, Col. James, 117, it8. 

Frye, James Jr., 118. 

G. 

Gabarus [Chapeau Rouge] Bay, 8, 13. 

Gage, Thomas, 90, 93. 

Galloway, Richard, 58. See Gattoway, 

Kicliard. 
Gates, Captain, company of, 113. 
Gates, Mr., 113. 
Gates, Stephen, 119. 
Gates, Stephen, Jr., 119. 
Gattoway, Richard, 58. See Gallotvay, 

Richard. 
George, Fort, 112, 113. 
George II., King, 49,62, 69. 
Georgetown, Mass., 91. 
Gillson, Abel, 46. 
Gillson, Daniel, 46. 
Gillson, Joseph, 118. 
Gillson, Peter, 119. 
Gilson, Amasa, in. 
Glasgow [Blandford, Mass.], 49, 52. 
Glasgow, Mount of, 49. 
Gloucester, Mass., 35. 



Goodale, Mr., 113. 

Goodfrey, Sergeant, 15. 

Goodil, Mr., 112. 

Goodridge, Rev. Mr., 84. 

Gorham [Goreham], Colonel, 18, 21. 

Gorham, Maine, 3, 8. 

Gould, Corp. Benjamin, 34. 

Gragg, Jacob, 118. 

Gragg, John, 118. 

Graham, James, 112. 

Graham, Major, 72, 74. 

Grand Battery, the, at Louisburg, 14, 

15, 19, 22, 24, 29. 
Grand Diable, 62, 66. 
Graves, John, 113. 
Great Barrington, Mass., 112. 
Green, John, 36, 37. 
Green, Nathaniel, 54, 118. 
Green, Oliver, 27, 31. 
Green, William, 103, 118. 
Greenbush, N. Y., 49, 50, 54, "2. 
Greenwood, Dexter, 44. 
Greenwood, Mary (Holden), 44. 
Green-Woods, 49. 
" Groton, History of," Butler's, 8, 44, 

84. 
Groton, Mass., 4, 5, 7, 8, 27, 36, 37, 43, 

47, 48, 51 ' 52. 54. 70, 77-S2, 90, 94, 

97, no, n2, n5, n7-n9. 
Groton, Vt., n7. 
Groton Artillery, the, 82. 
"Groton during the Revolution," 81, 

84, 87, 88. 
Groton Historical Series, 7, 8, n5. 
Groton School, 43. 
Guilman, Major, n, 12. 



H. 



Hale, Captain, 17. 
Hale, David, 44. 
Half Moon, 50, 52. 

Hall, Benjamin H., " History of East- 
ern Vermont " by, 6, 7. 
Hammond, Captain, company of, 49. 
Harrington, Nathan, 119. 
Harrington, Richard, n9. 
Harskels, Capt. Samuel, 48. 
Hart, Captain, company of, 58. 
Hart, Dr. John, 91. 



Index 



27 



Hartwel, Jonathan, 51. 

Hartvvell, Joseph, 51. 

Hartwill, Oliver, 1 18. 

Harvard, Mass., 47, 48, 105. 

Hatfield, Joseph, 55. 

Haverhill, N. H., 108, 119. 

Haverland, Colonel, 58, 63, 67. 

Havery, Rev. Mr., see Avery, J^ev. 
Mr. 

Hawks, Major, 51, 56, 58. 

Hawkton, Captain, company of, 73. 

Hawood, Samuel, 50. 

Hayward, Ephraim, 6. 

Hazen, Captain, Rangers of, 64. 

Heald, John, 51, 53. 

Hemenway, Rev. Phinehas, 43. 

Hemenway, Sarah, 43. 

Hemenway, Sarah (Stevens), 43. 

Herrin, Samuel, 66. 

Hiber, George, 51. 

Hildreth, Thomas, 49, 52. 

Hill, Gen. A. Harleigh, 117. 

Hobart, Ann (Bradstreet), 4. 

Hobart, Jonathan, see Hubbard, Jona- 
than. 

Hobart, Samuel, 4. 

Hodge, Major, 11. 

Hodgman, " History of Westford," by, 
105. 

Hog Island, 86. 

Hoit, Elisha, iii. 

Holden, Artemas, 44. 

Holden [Holdin], Betsey, 44, 46. 

Holden [Holdin], Sergt. David, ances- 
try of, 43 ; marriage of, 43 ; death of, 
44 ; children of, 44 ; diary of, 45-74. 

Holden, David (son^), 44. 

Holden, David (son 2), 44. 

Holden, Jabez, 98. 

Holden [Holdin], Jonathan, 54, 118. 

Holden, John, 43. 

Holden, Joshua, 44. 

Holden, Lavinia, 44. 

Holden, Mary, 44. 

Holden, Phinehas Hemenway, 44. 

Holden, Rachel (Farnsworth), 98. 

Holden, Sarah, 44. 

Holden, Sarah (Davis), 43. 

Holden, Sarah (Hemenway), 43, 44. 

Holden, Stephen, 43. 

Holden, Sylvanus, 44. 



Holden [Holdin], Lieut. William, 37, 

57- 

Holdin, Polly, 46. 

Hollis, N. H., 4, 43, 44, 98, 99. 

Horley, Capt. James, company of, 8r, 
82. 

Hubart, Sheb., 118. 

Hubart, William, 118. 

Hubbard, , 32. 

Hubbard, Captain, 36, 38. 

Hubbard [Hubard, Hobart], Adj. 
Jonathan, 6, 8, 24. 

Hubbard, Mary (Patterson), 90. 

Hubbard, Nathan, 90. 

Hubbard, Phineas, 90, 91. 

Hubby, Mr., 58. 

Hudson River, the, 73, 112. 

Humphrey, Anna, 8. 

Huston, John, 6. 

Hustone, Caleb, 49, 50. 

Hutchins [Hutchings], Captain, com- 
pany of, 48, 49, 54, 57. 



I. 



Independence, Mount, in. 

Indians, the, 11,12, 18, 19, 21, 22, 23, 28, 

36, 54, 55. 58> 64, 65, 79. 
Ingalson, Lieutenant Colonel, 74. 
Ingersoll, Lieutenant Colonel, 54, 55, 

56, 58, 68, 69. 
Ingolson, Widow, 49. 
Inniskilling Regiment, 67, 68. 
Ipswich, Mass., ic6. 
Island Battery, the, at Louisburg, 14, 

15, 16, 19, 20, 22-26, 34, 37. 
Isle au Noix, 58, 59, 62, 64, 66-68. 
Isle La Motte, Vt., 59. 



J- 



Jacho's Mill, 99. 

Jakson, Captain, company of, 49, 54. 

Jaquis, Captain, 16. 

Jaquith's, 99. 

Jefford, Captain, company of, 54. 

Jenks [Jinks], Capt. Samuel, company 

of, 52, 56 ; diary of, 46. 
Jewett, Benjamin, 113. 



128 



Index 



Jewett, Betsey, 44. 

Johnson, 39. 

Johnson Qohson], Ephraim, 52. 

Johnson, General, 55. 

Johnson, James, 65. 

Johnson, Capt. Noah, 53. 

Johnson, Susanna, 65. 

Johnson, Susanna (daughter), 65. 

Jonas, Captain, company of, 55. 

Jones, Peter, 55. 

K. 

Keazer, Moses, 119. 

Kemp family, the, 3. 

Kemp [Kimp], Abel, 118. 

Kemp, Anna (Humphrey), 8. 

Kemp [Kaemp], David, 8, 51, 53. 

Kemp, Dudley Bradstreet, 8. 

Kemp, Ebenezer, 3, 4, 8. 

Kemp, Ebenezer, Jr., 8. 

Kemp [Kimp, Keemp], Ephraim, 54, 

119. 
Kemp [Kimp], Hezekiah, 118. 
Kemp, Mary (Bradstreet), 3, 4, 8. 
Kemp, Relief (Phillips), 8. 
Kemp [Kimp], Samuel, 119. 
Kemp, Sarah Colburn, 8. 
Kemp [Kimp], Silas, 118. 
Kemp, Willis Bradstreet, 8. 
Kendall [Kindall], Jabez, 119. 
Kent, Isaac, 18, 21, 32. 
Kidder, Isaac, 45. 
Kidder, John, 45. 
Kidder, Lucy, 45. 
Kindel, Jabez, Jr., 119. 
Kinderhook, N. Y., 49, 50, 112. 
King, Lieutenant, 52. 
Kingman, Mr., 113. 
Kittery, Maine, 13. 



Lakin, Abigail, 4. 

Lakin, Corp. Jonathan, 18, 28, 31, 34. 

Lakin, Lydia, 36. 

Lancaster, Mass., 5, 7, 33, 35, 36, 112, 

119. 
Langdon, Dr. Samuel, 27,84,85,91,92. 
Larnard, Colonel, regiment of, 83. 



Lasley, James, 119. 

Lasley, William, 118. 

Lawrence, Capt. Asa, 80, 82. 

Lawrence, Jonathan, 51. 

Lawrence, Sarah, 108. 

Lawrence, Col. William, 7, 117, 118. 

Leason, Mr., 113. 

Lechmere's Point, 84, 86. 

Leonard, Rev. Abiel, 92-94. 

Lester, 48. 

Lew, Barzillai, 117, 119. 

Lew, Primus, 119. 

" Lewiston Journal," the, 10. 

Lexington, Mass., 77-79, 81, 83, 119. 

Lighthouse Battery, the, at Louisburg, 
24. 

Ligonier [Legenier] Bay Harbor, 59. 

Limerick, N. H., 82. 

Lincoln, Mass., 51, 91. 

Linsey, Peter, 58. 

Little, Colonel, regirtient of, 85. 

Littleton, Mass., 44, 50, 51, 53,61, 119. 

Longley, Lydia, 77. 

Longley, Mary, 97. 

Longley, William, 97. 

Longley's Island, 98, 99. 

Longmeadow, Mass., 9, 32. 

Long wood, Mass., 91. 

Louisburg, the Siege of, Lieut. Dudley 
Bradstreet's diary kept during, 1-39, 
115, 116. 

Louisburg Harbor, 12, 19. 

Lovejoy, Landlord, 49. 

Lovell, Esquire, 98. 

Lowell, Mass., 44. 

Lower Coos, N. H., 108. 

" Loyalists of the American Revolu- 
tion," Sabine's, 29. 

Lunenburg, Mass., 104. 

Luns, William, 98. 



M. 



McClentuc, John, 37. 

McCoy, Peter, 74. 

McFaling, Capt. Daniel, company of, 

51- 
McFarland, Andrew, 118. 

McFarland, Margrat, 118. 

Machias, Maine, 100. 



Index 



I 29 



Mcintosh, Archibald, 45. 

McKinson, Donald, 74. 

McLain, Sir Allen, company of, 73. 

Maine Historical Society, the, 9, 10. 

Majery, Corporal, 60. 

Maiden, Mass., 86, 87. 

Manchester, N. H., 8. 

Marblehead, Mass., 22. 

Margaret's Bay, 12. 

Martin, Captain, company of, 52, 55, 
58, 66, 67. 

" Massachusetts," the frigate, 29. 

Massachusetts Archives, the, 7, 44. 

Massachusetts Historical Society, the, 
3' 5> 9> 45 ; " Proceedings " of, 46, 
117- 

Massachusetts House of Representa- 
tives, Journal of the, 115, 116. 

Matthews, William, 68. 

Maxwell, Thompson, 51,61. 

Mayhew, Captain, 34. 

Medford, Mass., 86. 

Melvin, Capt. David, 13, 19-22. 

Middlesex County, Mass., 44'. 

Middlesex Regiment, the, 79. 

Middlesex Registry of Probate, the, 7. 

Miller, Captain, 6. 

Miller, Fort, 51, 53. 

Mills, Captain, company of, 112. 

Minute-men, 78-81. 

Monroe [MunRow], Mr., 67, 69. 

Montereef, Captain, 72. 

Montgomery's Regiment, 71-74- 

Montreal, 60, 64-67. 

Moody, Rev. Samuel, 27, 28. 

Mooer, Colonel, 19. 

Moor, Capt. Joseph, 82. 

Morris, George, 55. 

Murray, General, 63, 64. 

"Muster Rolls, 1760-1761," 44. 

Muyncher, Lieutenant, 74. 

Mystic [Medford, Mass.], 86. 

Mystic River, the, 90, 92. 



N. 



Nashua, N. H., 99. 

Nashua River, the, 88, 98. 

"New-England Historical & Genea- 
logical Register, The," 5, 8, 9, 27, 34, 
37- t 



New Hampshire Regiment, the, 57, 58, 

61, 66, 68. 
New Haven, Conn., 32. 
New Jersey Troops, the, 51, 72, 74. 
New York Troops, the, 51,72. 
Newbury, Mass., 17, 85. 
Newcastle, the Duke of, 9. 
Newell, Rev. Mr., 104. 
Newington, Conn., 38. 
Newman, Rev. John, 35-38. 
Newmarch, John, 13. 
Ninth Massachusetts Regiment, the, 27, 

34. 37- 
Nixon, Col. John, regiment of, 86. 
Noble, Captain, 20. 
Noble, Rev. Oliver, 85. 
Noddle's Island, 86, 87. 
Norcross, George, 38. 
Norwood, Mass., 12. 
Nutten, John, iii. 
Nutting, Ebenezer, 118. 
Nutting, Isaac, 118. 
Nutting, Jacob, 9. 

Nutting, Capt. John, company of, 89. 
Nutting, Jonas, 119. 



O. 



Ogden, Captain, company of Rangers, 

68. 
Omsted, Captain, 6. 
Osgood, Colonel, 117. 
Oswego, N. Y., 55. 



Page, Captain, 69. 

Page, Joseph, 118. 

Page, Joseph, Jr., 118. 

Palmer, Mass., 48. 

Parker, Abigail (Sawtell), 97. 

Parker, Abijah, 118. 

Parker, Captain, company of, 11: 

Parker, Dr. Isaiah, 102, 105. 

Parker, John, 9, in. 

Parker, Sergt. Jonas, 61. 

Parker, Joseph, 97, 119. 

Parker, Levi, in. 

Parker, Mary, 97. 



I30 



Index 



Parker, Nehemiah, 113. 

Parker, Phinehas, 37. 

Parker, Robert, 118. 

Parker, Sergeant, iii. 

Parker, Simon, 119. 

Parker, Solomon, 119. 

Parker, William, 118. 

Parker, William, Jr., 118. 

Parker, Zachariah, 118. 

Parkman Papers, the, 9. 

Patt, David, 45. 

Patt, James, 45. 

Patt, John, 1 19. 

Patt, Jonathan, 45. 

Patt, Lemuel, 119. 

Patt, Sybel, 45. 

Patterson, Clerk, 24, 26. 

Patterson, Mary, 90. 

Pees, Landlord, 49. 

Peirce, John, 30. 

Pembroke, N. H., 44. 

Penny Ferry, 87. 

Pepperell, Mass., 9, 84, 89, 118, 119. 

Pepperell bridge, 98. 

Pepperell minute-men, 89. 

Pepperrell Papers, the, 3, 5. 

Pepperrell, Sir William, 13, 115. 

Perry, Rev. Joseph, 108. 

Perry, Obadiah, 119. 

Perry, Sarah (Lawrence), 108. 

Perscatua [Piscataqua], 19. 

Perscatua privateers, the, 12, 13. 

Person, Landlord, 48. 

Peterborough, 70. 

Pettengill, Nathaniel, 6. 

Philip's War, 79. 

Phillips, John, 33. 

Phillips, Relief, 8. 

Pierce, Capt. Abiel, 55. 

Pierce, Jonathan, 51. 

Pierce [Pirce], Capt. Joshua, 18, 119. 

Pirce, Stephen, 118. 

Pirce, William, X19. 

Plats, Captain, company of, 73. 

Ploughed Hill, 91, 92. 

Pollard, Benjamin, 49, 50. 

Pollard, Jonathan, 52, 53. 

Pollard, Joseph, 52. 

Pomroy, Major, 6. 

Portland, Maine, ic. 

Port Royal, 19, 21. 



Pote, Capt. William, Jr., "Journal" 

of, 9. 
Powers, Rev. Peter, 108. 
Pratt, Jonathan, 4. 
Pratt, Lieutenant, 113. 
Pratt, Lucy (Bradstreet), 4. 
Prescott, Col. Oliver, regiment of, 80, 

84, 89, 91. 
Prest, Mr., 113. 
Price, Henry, 45. 
Price, Polly, 46. 
Priest, Timothy, 51. 
Procter, Josiah, 50. 
Procter, Sergt. Peter, 50. 
Proctor, Elizabeth, 46. 
Proctor, Ephraim, 17, 30. 
Proctor, Isaac, 46. 
Proctor, Jacob, 38. 
Proctor, Rachel, 45. 
Proctor, Rebecca, 45. 
Prout, Commissary, 12. 
Provincial Congress, the, 80, 81. 
Putnam, Col. Israel, regiment of, 92. 
Putnam, N. Y., 112. 
Putnam's Point, N. Y., 54, 55, 58. 



R. 



Radkau [Rideau], Ligonier, 58. 

Raimond, Freeborn, 49, 52, 53. 

Ramsdell, John, 37. 

Rand, John, 30. 

Randal, Corp. Benjamin, 31. 

Ransley, Colonel, 50. 

Read, Benjamin, 46. 

Read, Howard, 46. 

Read, Jesse, 105. 

Read, Joel, 46. 

Read [Reed], Jonathan, regiment of, 

82, 112. 
Read, Levi, 46. 
Read, Patty, 46. 
Read, Rachel, 46. 
Read, Thaddeus, 61. 
"Return of Men," the, 117. 
Revolutionary War, the, 4, 8, 78, 79 ; 

diary of Lieut. Amos Farnsworth 

kept during, 75-113. 
Rhode Island, 12. 



Ind 



ex 



Rhode Island troops, the, 51, 52, 54-57, 

68, 69, 72. 
Rice, Mr., 113. 
Richardson, Captain, 34. 
Richmond, Colonel, 11, 13. 
Rindge, N. H., 82. 
Robins, Ephraini, iii. 
Robinson, John, 51, 61. 
Rockingham, 71. 
Rockwood, Elijah, 1 19. 
Rockwood, Elisha, 78. 
Rockwood, Elizabeth, 78. 
Rockwood, Elizabeth (Adams), 78. 
Rogers, Maj. Robert, 53, 54, 56, 62, 63. 
Rogers Rangers, the, 53-57, 60-62, 

66-68. 
Roggers, Capt. James, 54. 
Rolf, Benjamin, iig. 
Rolf, Benjamin, Jr., iig. 
Ross, Ezra, 106. 
Rouse, Captain, 22, 27, 28. 
Rouse, Commodore, 12. 
Roxbury, Mass., 13, 83, 93. 
Royal Highland Regiment, the, 51, 53, 

57.71- 
Royal Hospital, the, 36-38. 
Ruggles, Brig. Gen. Timothy, company 

of, 55. 56, 65, 69. 
Rumrill, David, 52. 
Runnells's mill, 99. 
Russell, Peletiah, 82. 



S. 

Sabine, "Loyalists of the American 

Revolution," by, 29. 
St. Fran9ois [Franciways], 65. 
St. Johns, Can., 53, 54, 58, 60, 62-64, 

66, 67. 
St. Johns, N. S., 16, 29. 
St. Lawrence River, the, 64, 65. 
St. Peters, N. S., 12, 16. 
Saint Therese, Can., 63, 66. 
Sanderson, Gideon, 30, 35, 37. 
Saratoga, N. Y., 51, 53, 112. 
Sartill, Richard, 119. 
Sawtell, Abigail, 97. 
Sawtell [Sartill], David, 54, 119. 
Sawtell, Jonathan, 82. 
Sawtell, Sergeant, in. 



Scattaree Island, N. S., 38. 

Schenectady, N. Y., 71. 

Schuyler Island, N. Y., 59. 

Second Massachusetts Regiment, the, 
13- 

Second New York Regiment, the, y;^. 

Serjeant, Landlord, 48. 

Seventeenth Massachusetts Regiment, 
the, 61. 

Sewall's Point, 91. 

Shattuck, Capt. Job, company of, 81, 
82, 110-113. 

Shattuck, John, 118. 

Shattuck, Joshua, 112. 

Shattuck, Mr., 113. 

Shattuck, Moses, 53. 

Shaw, Landlord, 48. 

Shead [Shedd], Jonathan, 37. 

Shead, Oliver, 119. 

Shead, Samuel, 5, 36, 37. 

Shead, William, 119. 

Shed, Amos, 1 10. 

Shed, Lydia (Farnsworth), no. 

Shed, William, no, 

Sheffield, Mass., 49. 

Sheple, John, 36. 

Sheple, Jonathan, 36. 

Shirley, Mass., 97, 103,104, 112, 119. 
Shirley, Gov. William, 5-7,9, 33-35; 

message of, 115, 116. 
Shores, Captain, 58. 
Shrewsbury, Mass., 119. 
Sixth Regiment of Militia, the, 82. 
Skeen [Schean], Major, 54, 67. 
Small, Lieutenant, 58, 
Smith, Capt. Jonathan, 27,34-37. 
Smith, Joshua, 45. 
Smith, Nathaniel, 36, 37. 
Smith, William, 87, 88. 
Smothers, Captain, 29. 
Snelling, Captain, 22, 28. 
"Snow-shoe men," the, 115, 116. 
Snow-shoes, first used by soldiers, 115. 
Somerville, Mass., 91. 
Sorel [Surrell], 65. 
Sorel [Surrell], River, 64, 65. 
Spalding [Spoldin], Corporal, n2. 
Spear, Rev. Samuel, 37. 
Spooner, Bathsheba, 106. 
Spooner, Joshua, 106. 
Springfield, Mass., 45, 49, 112. 



132 Index 



Springfield Plain, Mass., 48. 
Squannacook Village, Mass., 45. 
Stearns, Benjamin, 35. 
Stevens, Capt. James, 6, 19. 
Stevens, John, 46. 
Stevens, Jonas, 70. 
Stevens, Josiah, 119. 
Stevens, Martha, 119. 
Stevens, Mollie, 46. 
Stevens, Samuel, 46. 
Stevens, William, 46, 119. 
Stillman, Rev. Samuel, 105. 
Stillwater, N. Y., 112. 
Stockbridge, Mass., 88. 
Stoddard, N. H., 82. 
Stone, Abigail, 98, 99. 
Stone, Dea. James, 98. 
Stone, Jonas, 119. 
Stone, Lieutenant, 62. 
Stone, Mary (Farwell), 98. 
Stone, Timothy, 82. 
Storer, Col. John, 9. 
Stow, Mass., 119. 
Stratton, Sergt. John, 37, 38. 
Strong, Elisha, 6. 
Suffolk Regiment, the, 79. 
Swan, Captain, 12. 
Swan, Mr., 70. 
Swan, William, 82. 



Tarbell, Capt. Samuel, 115, 116. 

Tarbell, Capt. Thomas, 7. 

Tarbell's mills, 45. 

Taylor, Abraham, 49, 50. 

Taylor, Joseph, in. 

Taylor, Leonard, in. 

Temple, N. H., 80. 

Thatcher, Rev. Mr., 102, 106, 107. 

Thaxter, Rev. Joseph, 84, 88. 

Thayer, Rev. Mr., 108. 

Third New York Regiment, the, 73. 

Thomas, Colonel, 66, 68, 73. 

Thomas, William, 20, 26, 27, 30, 33. 

Ticonderoga, N. Y., 54, 55, 57, 66, 67 ; 

69, 82, III, 112. 
Tinbrooks [TimBrooks], Mr., 72, 74. 
Titcom, Major, 23, 25. 
Tomson, Lieutenant, 112. 



Townsend, Mass., 43, 45, 51, 7°. 81, 82, 

87,88, 119. 
Toy, Captain, company of, 112, 113. 
Toy, Mr., 113. 
Treadwell, Samuel, 61. 
Trowbridge, John, 118. 
Trull, David, 51. 
Trumbel, Joseph, 37. 
Turner, Abner, 119. 
Turner, Eliab, 1 19. 
Turner, Henry, 46. 
Twist, Timothy, 50. 
Ty [Tie, Ticonderoga], in, 112. 
Tyng, Capt. Edward, 18, 22, 29, 30, 33. 
Tvringham, Mass., 49. 



u. 



Underwood, Ensign, 113. 
" Union," the sloop, 34. 



V. 



Va.nornom, Captain, 50. 



w. 

Waldo, Brig. Gen. Samuel, 6. 

Walker, John, 51. 

Walker, Mr., 112. 

Wallis, Isaac, 46. 

Wallis, Jonathan, 46. 

Wallis, Suse, 46. 

Wallis, Sybel, 46. 

Walter, Rev. Nathaniel, 13. 

Warner, Capt. John, company of, 4-6, 

1 1- 1 3, 15, 16, 24, 26, 29, 30, 34. 
Warren, Abijah, 118. 
Warren, Isaac, in. 
Warren, Commodore Peter, n, 12, 14, 

16, 18, 19, 21, 25, 26. 
Watertown, Mass., 91. 
Watson, Mr., 90. 
Webster, Lieutenant, 25. 
Webster, Rev. Samuel, 80. 
Wells, Maine, 9, 10. 
Wesson, Capt. Ephraim, 117. 
West Groton, Mass., 45. 



Index 



133 



Westfield, Mass., 49, 51, 112. 

Westford, Mass., 44, 48-51, 61, 105. 

" Westford, History of," Hodgman's, 
105. 

Weston, Mass., 118, 119. • 

Wetherbe, Captain, 31. 

Weymouth, Mass., 86. 

Wheeler, Captain, company of, 113. 

Wheelock [Whelock], Commissary 
Anthony, 45, 48. 

Whipple, Eleazor, 113. 

Whitcombe, Colonel, company of, 58. 

Whitcome, Rev. Mr., 88. 

Whitemore, Rev. Mr., 100. 

Whiting, Capt. Leonard, company of, 
43.44.47-49.51-56.61,69. 

Whitmore Regiment, the, 68. 

Whitney, Rev. Phineas, 100, 104. 

Whittemore, Peletiah, 54. 

Wier, Jeremiah, 82. 

Wilder, Capt. Joseph, 116. 

Willard, Maj. Caleb, 54. 

Willard, Captain, 24, 26, 29. 

Willard, Henry, 119. 

Willard, Col. Josiah, 7. 

Willard, Col. Samuel, 5-8, 11, 12, 14, 
15, 24, 27,30,31, 35,68. 

Willcutt, Ensign Emerson, 55. 

Williams, Rev. Elisha, 28-33, 35- 

Williams, Isaac, ui. 

Williams, Jonathan, 119. 

Williams, Rev. Stephen, 32 ; manu- 
script journal of, 9. 



Williamson, Colonel, 73. 

Williamson, Hon. John, 10. 

Willson, John, 46. 

Willson, Joseph, 46. 

Willson, Sarah, 46. 

Willson, Sergeant, 16. 

Wilson, Benjamin, 119. 

Wilson, Benjamin, Jr., 119. 

Winnisimit Ferry, 86, 87. 

Winslow, Commissary, 16, 17. 

Wintsworth, Captain, company of, 54. 

Woburn, Mass., 50, 51. 

Wood, Lemuel, diary of, 46. 

Woods, Ebenezer, 119. 

Woods, Sergt. John, 18, 31, 33, 34- 

Woods, Ruben, 1 18. 

Woods, Ruben, Jr., u8. 

Woodstock, Conn., 92. 

Woolcut, Landlord, 48. 

Worcester, Mass., 45, 48, 50, 106, 112. 

Worster, Benjamin, 51. 

Wright, John, 30, 36, 37. 

Wyman, Anna, 46. 

Wyman, Huldy, 46. 

Wyman, Matthew, 36, 37. 

Wyman, Samuel, 46. 

Wyman, Uzziah, 46. 



York, Maine, 27, 54. 
Yorkshire, 71. 




LIBRARY OF CONGRESS