Skip to main content

Full text of "Situation report - 70"

See other formats


Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) 

Situation Report - 70 


St World Health 
^Organization 


fS 


Data as reported by national authorities by 10:00 CET 30 March 2020 


HIGHLIGHTS 

• No new countries/territories/areas reported cases of COVID-19 in the past 24 
hours. 


• WHO has updated the operational planning guidelines to help countries 
maintain essential health services during the COVID-19 pandemic. The 
document includes a set of immediate actions that countries should consider 
at national, regional, and local level to reorganize and maintain access to high- 
quality essential health services for all. For more information: 
https://www.who.int/publications-detail/covid-19-operational-guidance-for- 

maintaining-essential-health-services-during-an-outbreak 


SITUATION IN NUMBERS 

total (new) cases in last 24 hours 

Globally 

693 224 confirmed (58 411) 

33 106 deaths (3215) 

Western Pacific Region 

103 775 confirmed (987) 

3649 deaths (23) 

European Region 

392 757 confirmed (31 726) 

23 962 deaths (2535) 

South-East Asia Region 

4084 confirmed (375) 

158 deaths (19) 

Eastern Mediterranean Region 

46 329 confirmed (3552) 

2813 deaths (145) 

Region of the Americas 

142 081 confirmed (21 289) 

2457 deaths (484) 

African Region 

3486 confirmed (482) 

60 deaths (09) 

WHO RISK ASSESSMENT 

Global Level Very High 


Figure 1. Countries, territories or areas with reported confirmed cases of COVID-19, 30 March 2020 



Countries, areas or territories with COVID-19 cases reported in the last 7 days, 
as of 30 March 2020, 10:00 (CET) 


Cases reported in the last 7 days 


[1] All references lo Kosovo in this document should be understood 
to be In the context of the United Nations Security Council 
resolution 1244(1999). 

Number of cases of Serbia and Kosovo (UNSCR 1 244, 1999) 
have been aggregated for visualization purposes. 


Data Source- World Health Organization 

Map Production ■ WHO Health Emergencies Programme 


Not applicable 


©World Health Organization 2020, All rights reserved 


1001 - 10000 
I 10001 - 50000 
I >50000 

Country, area or territory with no cases reported 
in the last 7 days 

Country, area or territory without cases 


The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply the expression of any 
opinion whatsoever on the part of the World Health Organization concerning the legal status of any country, 
territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Dotted 
and dashed lines on maps represent approximate border lines for which there may not yet be full agreement. 








SURVEILLANCE 


Table 1. Countries, territories or areas with reported laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 cases and deaths. Data as of 
30 March 2020* 


Reporting Country/ 
Territory/Area + 

Total 

confirmed 
* cases 

Total 

confirmed 

new cases 

Total 

deaths 

Total 

new 

deaths 

Transmission 

classification 9 

Days since last 
reported case 

Western Pacific Region 

China 

82447 

106 

3310 

4 

Local transmission 

0 

Republic of Korea 

9661 

78 

158 

6 

Local transmission 

0 

Australia 

3966 

0 

16 

0 

Local transmission 

1 

Malaysia 

2470 

150 

34 

7 

Local transmission 

0 

Japan 

1866 

173 

54 

2 

Local transmission 

0 

Philippines 

1418 

343 

71 

3 

Local transmission 

0 

Singapore 

844 

42 

3 

1 

Local transmission 

0 

New Zealand 

552 

76 

1 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Viet Nam 

188 

9 

0 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Brunei Darussalam 

126 

6 

1 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Cambodia 

103 

1 

0 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Mongolia 

12 

0 

0 

0 

Imported cases only 

2 

Lao People's 

Democratic Republic 

8 

2 

0 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Fiji 

5 

0 

0 

0 

Local transmission 

4 

Papua New Guinea 

1 

0 

0 

0 

Imported cases only 

9 

Territories" 

Guam 

56 

0 

1 

0 

Local transmission 

1 

French Polynesia 

35 

1 

0 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

New Caledonia 

15 

0 

0 

0 

Local transmission 

2 

Northern Mariana 

Islands 

(Commonwealth of 
the) 

2 

0 

0 

0 

Under investigation 

1 

European Region 

Italy 

97689 

5217 

10781 

758 

Local transmission 

0 

Spain 

78797 

6549 

6528 

838 

Local transmission 

0 

Germany 

57298 

4751 

455 

66 

Local transmission 

0 

France 

39642 

2497 

2602 

291 

Local transmission 

0 

The United Kingdom 

19526 

2433 

1228 

209 

Local transmission 

0 

Switzerland 

14274 

1122 

257 

22 

Local transmission 

0 

Netherlands 

10866 

1104 

771 

132 

Local transmission 

0 

Belgium 

10836 

1702 

431 

78 

Local transmission 

0 

Turkey 

9271 

1869 

131 

23 

Local transmission 

0 

Austria 

8813 

522 

86 

18 

Local transmission 

0 

Portugal 

5962 

792 

119 

19 

Local transmission 

0 

Israel 

4247 

382 

15 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Norway 

4102 

257 

22 

2 

Local transmission 

0 

Sweden 

3700 

253 

110 

8 

Local transmission 

0 

Czechia 

2829 

166 

16 

5 

Local transmission 

0 

Ireland 

2615 

200 

46 

10 

Local transmission 

0 

Denmark 

2395 

194 

72 

7 

Local transmission 

0 

Luxembourg 

1950 

119 

21 

3 

Local transmission 

0 

Poland 

1862 

224 

22 

4 

Local transmission 

0 


































































Romania 

1760 

308 

40 

11 

Local transmission 

0 

Russian Federation 

1534 

0 

10 

2 

Local transmission 

1 

Finland 

1218 

0 

11 

2 

Local transmission 

1 

Greece 

1156 

95 

38 

6 

Local transmission 

0 

Iceland 

1020 

57 

2 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Serbia 

741 

82 

13 

3 

Local transmission 

0 

Slovenia 

730 

39 

11 

2 

Local transmission 

0 

Croatia 

713 

56 

6 

1 

Local transmission 

0 

Estonia 

679 

39 

3 

2 

Local transmission 

0 

Lithuania 

484 

90 

7 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Armenia 

482 

58 

3 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Ukraine 

480 

62 

11 

2 

Local transmission 

0 

Hungary 

447 

39 

15 

2 

Local transmission 

0 

Latvia 

376 

71 

0 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Bulgaria 

346 

15 

8 

1 

Local transmission 

0 

Andorra 

341 

20 

6 

2 

Local transmission 

0 

Slovakia 

336 

41 

0 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Bosnia and 

Herzegovina 

325 

56 

6 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Kazakhstan 

294 

29 

1 

0 

Under investigation 

0 

Republic of Moldova 

263 

32 

2 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

North Macedonia 

259 

18 

6 

2 

Local transmission 

0 

San Marino 

229 

1 

24 

2 

Local transmission 

0 

Albania 

223 

11 

10 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Cyprus 

214 

35 

6 

1 

Local transmission 

0 

Azerbaijan 

190 

26 

4 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Malta 

151 

12 

0 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Uzbekistan 

145 

12 

2 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Georgia 

98 

8 

0 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Belarus 

94 

0 

0 

0 

Local transmission 

2 

Montenegro 

85 

3 

1 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Kyrgyzstan 

84 

0 

0 

0 

Local transmission 

1 

Liechtenstein 

62 

1 

0 

0 

Under investigation 

0 

Monaco 

46 

27 

0 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Holy See 

6 

2 

0 

0 

Under investigation 

0 

Territories” 

Faroe Islands 

159 

4 

0 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Kosovo 111 

94 

3 

1 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Gibraltar 

65 

9 

0 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Jersey 

63 

2 

2 

1 

Local transmission 

0 

Isle of Man 

42 

10 

0 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Guernsey 

39 

0 

0 

0 

Local transmission 

1 

Greenland 

10 

0 

0 

0 

Under investigation 

1 

South-East Asia Region 

Thailand 

1524 

136 

9 

2 

Local transmission 

0 

Indonesia 

1285 

130 

114 

12 

Local transmission 

0 

India 

1071 

92 

29 

4 

Local transmission 

0 

Sri Lanka 

120 

14 

1 

1 

Local transmission 

0 

Bangladesh 

49 

1 

5 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Maldives 

17 

1 

0 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Myanmar 

8 

0 

0 

0 

Local transmission 

1 

Nepal 

5 

0 

0 

0 

Imported cases only 

1 

Bhutan 

4 

1 

0 

0 

Imported cases only 

0 

Timor-Leste 

1 

0 

0 

0 

Under investigation 

9 











Eastern Mediterranean Region 

Iran (Islamic Republic 
of) 

38309 

2901 

2640 

123 

Local transmission 

0 

Pakistan 

1625 

99 

18 

5 

Local transmission 

0 

Saudi Arabia 

1299 

96 

8 

4 

Local transmission 

0 

Qatar 

634 

44 

2 

1 

Local transmission 

0 

Egypt 

609 

33 

40 

4 

Local transmission 

0 

United Arab Emirates 

570 

102 

3 

1 

Local transmission 

0 

Iraq 

547 

41 

42 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Morocco 

516 

79 

27 

1 

Local transmission 

0 

Bahrain 

515 

39 

4 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Lebanon 

438 

26 

10 

2 

Local transmission 

0 

Tunisia 

312 

34 

8 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Jordan 

259 

13 

3 

2 

Local transmission 

0 

Kuwait 

255 

20 

0 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Oman 

167 

0 

0 

0 

Local transmission 

1 

Afghanistan 

114 

0 

4 

0 

Local transmission 

1 

Djibouti 

19 

4 

0 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Syrian Arab Republic 

9 

4 

1 

1 

Imported cases only 

0 

Libya 

8 

5 

0 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Sudan 

6 

1 

2 

1 

Imported cases only 

0 

Somalia 

3 

0 

0 

0 

Imported cases only 

3 

Territories” 

occupied Palestinian 
territory 

115 

11 

1 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Region of the Americas 

United States of 

America 

122653 

19332 

2112 

444 

Local transmission 

0 

Canada 

5655 

898 

61 

6 

Local transmission 

0 

Brazil 

3904 

487 

114 

22 

Local transmission 

0 

Chile 

1909 

0 

6 

0 

Local transmission 

1 

Ecuador 

1835 

12 

48 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Panama 

901 

115 

17 

3 

Local transmission 

0 

Mexico 

848 

131 

16 

4 

Local transmission 

0 

Argentina 

745 

55 

19 

2 

Local transmission 

0 

Peru 

671 

36 

11 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Colombia 

608 

69 

6 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Dominican Republic 

581 

0 

20 

0 

Local transmission 

2 

Uruguay 

303 

29 

0 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Costa Rica 

295 

32 

2 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Cuba 

119 

0 

3 

0 

Local transmission 

1 

Venezuela (Bolivarian 
Republic of) 

113 

0 

2 

0 

Local transmission 

1 

Honduras 

110 

43 

2 

1 

Local transmission 

0 

Trinidad and Tobago 

76 

2 

3 

1 

Local transmission 

0 

Bolivia (Plurinational 
State of) 

74 

0 

0 

0 

Local transmission 

1 

Paraguay 

59 

3 

3 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Guatemala 

34 

2 

1 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Jamaica 

32 

2 

1 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Barbados 

26 

2 

0 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

El Salvador 

24 

5 

0 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Haiti 

15 

7 

0 

0 

Imported cases only 

0 

Dominica 

11 

0 

0 

0 

Local transmission 

3 













Bahamas 

10 

0 

0 

0 

Local transmission 

1 

Suriname 

8 

0 

0 

0 

Imported cases only 

2 

Antigua and Barbuda 

7 

0 

0 

0 

Imported cases only 

2 

Grenada 

7 

0 

0 

0 

Local transmission 

3 

Guyana 

5 

0 

1 

0 

Local transmission 

11 

Nicaragua 

4 

0 

1 

0 

Imported cases only 

1 

Saint Kitts and Nevis 

4 

2 

0 

0 

Imported cases only 

0 

Saint Lucia 

4 

1 

0 

0 

Imported cases only 

0 

Belize 

2 

0 

0 

0 

Local transmission 

4 

Saint Vincent and the 

Grenadines 

1 

0 

0 

0 

Imported cases only 

17 

Territories** 

Martinique 

105 

12 

2 

1 

Imported cases only 

0 

Guadeloupe 

96 

0 

2 

0 

Imported cases only 

2 

Puerto Rico 

64 

0 

2 

0 

Imported cases only 

3 

Aruba 

46 

0 

0 

0 

Local transmission 

1 

French Guiana 

31 

0 

0 

0 

Local transmission 

2 

Bermuda 

22 

5 

0 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

United States Virgin 
Islands 

22 

5 

0 

0 

Imported cases only 

0 

Cayman Islands 

8 

0 

1 

0 

Imported cases only 

4 

Curasao 

7 

0 

1 

0 

Imported cases only 

3 

Saint Martin 

6 

0 

0 

0 

Under investigation 

0 

Montserrat 

5 

0 

0 

0 

Imported cases only 

2 

Saint Barthelemy 

5 

0 

0 

0 

Under investigation 

2 

Turks and Caicos 

Islands 

4 

2 

0 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Sint Maarten 

3 

0 

0 

0 

Imported cases only 

2 

Anguilla 

2 

0 

0 

0 

Local transmission 

3 

British Virgin Islands 

2 

0 

0 

0 

Imported cases only 

3 

African Region 

South Africa 

1280 

93 

1 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Algeria 

454 

45 

29 

3 

Local transmission 

0 

Burkina Faso 

222 

76 

3 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Cote d'Ivoire 

165 

25 

0 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Ghana 

152 

15 

5 

1 

Local transmission 

0 

Senegal 

142 

23 

0 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Cameroon 

113 

22 

2 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Mauritius 

102 

0 

2 

0 

Local transmission 

1 

Democratic Republic 
of the Congo 

81 

13 

8 

2 

Local transmission 

0 

Rwanda 

70 

10 

0 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Nigeria 

65 

0 

1 

0 

Local transmission 

3 

Madagascar 

37 

11 

0 

0 

Imported cases only 

0 

Uganda 

33 

19 

0 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Togo 

28 

0 

1 

1 

Local transmission 

0 

Kenya 

25 

0 

1 

0 

Local transmission 

5 

Ethiopia 

21 

5 

0 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Niger 

20 

10 

3 

2 

Local transmission 

0 

Congo 

19 

0 

0 

0 

Imported cases only 

2 

Mali 

18 

0 

0 

0 

Local transmission 

1 

Guinea 

16 

8 

0 

0 

Imported cases only 

0 

Zambia 

16 

0 

0 

0 

Local transmission 

1 

United Republic of 

14 

0 

0 

0 

Under investigation 

1 











Tanzania 







Equatorial Guinea 

13 

7 

0 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Namibia 

11 

3 

0 

0 

Imported cases only 

0 

Eswatini 

9 

0 

0 

0 

Imported cases only 

2 

Mozambique 

8 

0 

0 

0 

Local transmission 

1 

Seychelles 

8 

1 

0 

0 

Imported cases only 

0 

Gabon 

7 

0 

1 

0 

Imported cases only 

2 

Benin 

6 

0 

0 

0 

Imported cases only 

3 

Central African 

Republic 

6 

0 

0 

0 

Imported cases only 

2 

Eritrea 

6 

0 

0 

0 

Imported cases only 

3 

Cabo Verde 

5 

0 

1 

0 

Imported cases only 

2 

Chad 

5 

0 

0 

0 

Imported cases only 

3 

Mauritania 

5 

0 

0 

0 

Imported cases only 

1 

Zimbabwe 

5 

0 

1 

0 

Local transmission 

2 

Gambia 

3 

0 

1 

0 

Imported cases only 

1 

Liberia 

3 

0 

0 

0 

Local transmission 

8 

Angola 

2 

0 

0 

0 

Imported cases only 

8 

Guinea-Bissau 

2 

0 

0 

0 

Imported cases only 

4 

Territories” 

Reunion 

207 

64 

0 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Mayotte 

82 

32 

0 

0 

Local transmission 

0 

Subtotal for all 
regions 

692512 

58411 

33099 

3215 



International 
conveyance (Diamond 
Princess) 

712 

0 

7 

0 

Local transmission 

14 

Grand total 

693224 

58411 

33106 

3215 




Numbers include both domestic and repatriated cases 

+ The designations employed and the presentation of the material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on 
the part of WHO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its 
frontiers or boundaries. Dotted and dashed lines on maps represent approximate border lines for which there may not yet be full agreement. 
♦Case classifications are based on WHO case definitions for COVID-19. 

transmission classification is based on WHO analysis of available official data and may be subject to reclassification as additional data become 
available. Countries/territories/areas experiencing multiple types of transmission are classified in the highest category for which there is 
evidence; they may be removed from a given category if interruption of transmission can be demonstrated. It should be noted that even within 
categories, different countries/territories/areas may have differing degrees of transmission as indicated by the differing numbers of cases and 
other factors. Not all locations within a given country/territory/area are equally affected. 

Terms: 

Community transmission is evidenced by the inability to relate confirmed cases through chains of transmission for a large number of cases, or by 
increasing positive tests through sentinel samples (routine systematic testing of respiratory samples from established laboratories). 

Local transmission indicates locations where the source of infection is within the reporting location. 

Imported cases only indicates locations where all cases have been acquired outside the location of reporting. 

Under investigation indicates locations where type of transmission has not been determined for any cases. 

Interrupted transmission indicates locations where interruption of transmission has been demonstrated (details to be determined) 

** "Territories" include territories, areas, overseas dependencies and other jurisdictions of similar status 

[1) All references to Kosovo should be understood to be in the context of the United Nations Security Council resolution 1244 (1999). 

Due to differences in reporting methods, retrospective data consolidation, and reporting delays, the number of new cases may not always 
reflect the exact difference between yesterday's and today's totals. WHO COVID-19 Situation Reports present official counts of confirmed 
COVID-19 cases, thus differences between WHO reports and other sources of COVID-19 data using different inclusion criteria and different 
data cutoff times are to be expected. 


















































Cases 


Figure 1. Epidemic curve of confirmed COVID-19, by date of report and WHO region through 30 March 2020 


60000 


50000 


40000 


30000 


20000 


10000 


0 


30 Dec 06 Jan 13 Jan 20 Jan 27 Jan 03 Feb 10 Feb 17 Feb 24 Feb 02 Mar 09 Mar 16 Mar 23 Mar 30 Mar 
2019 2020 2020 2020 2020 2020 2020 2020 2020 2020 2020 2020 2020 2020 



Date of report 


WHO region 

”1 Africa 
Americas 

■ Eastern Mediterranean 

■ Europe 
South-East Asia 

i Western Pacific 
Other 


STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES 

WHO's strategic objectives for this response are to: 

• Interrupt human-to-human transmission including reducing secondary infections among close contacts 
and health care workers, preventing transmission amplification events, and preventing further 
international spread* *; 

• Identify, isolate and care for patients early, including providing optimized care for infected patients; 

• Identify and reduce transmission from the animal source; 

• Address crucial unknowns regarding clinical severity, extent of transmission and infection, treatment 
options, and accelerate the development of diagnostics, therapeutics and vaccines; 

• Communicate critical risk and event information to all communities and counter misinformation; 

• Minimize social and economic impact through multisectoral partnerships. 

*This can be achieved through a combination of public health measures, such as rapid identification, diagnosis 
and management of the cases, identification and follow up of the contacts, infection prevention and control in 
health care settings, implementation of health measures for travelers, awareness-raising in the population and 
risk communication. 



















PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE 


• To view all technical guidance documents regarding COVID-19, please go to this webpage . 

• WHO has developed interim guidance forjaboratory diagnosis, advice on the use of masks during home care and 
in health care settings in the context of the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) outbreak, clinical management, 
infection prevention and control in health care settings, home care for patients with suspected novel 
coronavirus, risk communication and community engagement and Global Surveillance for human infection with 
novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV). 

• WHO is working closely with International Air Transport Association (IATA) and have jointly developed a 
guidance document to provide advice to cabin crew and airport workers, based on country queries. The 
guidance can be found on the IATA webpage . 

• WHO has been in regular and direct contact with Member States where cases have been reported. WHO is also 
informing other countries about the situation and providing support as requested. 

• WHO is working with its networks of researchers and other experts to coordinate global work on surveillance, 
epidemiology, mathematical modelling, diagnostics and virology, clinical care and treatment, infection 
prevention and control, and risk communication. WHO has issued interim guidance for countries, which are 
updated regularly. 

• WHO has prepared a disease commodity package that includes an essential list of biomedical equipment, 
medicines and supplies necessary to care for patients with 2019-nCoV. 

• WHO has provided recommendations to reduce risk of transmission from animals to humans . 

• WHO has published an updated advice for international traffic in relation to the outbreak of the novel 
coronavirus 2019-nCoV . 

• WHO has activated the R&D blueprint to accelerate diagnostics, vaccines, and therapeutics. 

• OpenWHO is an interactive, web-based, knowledge-transfer platform offering online courses to improve the 
response to health emergencies. COVID-19 courses can be found here and courses in additional national 
languages here . Specifically, WHO has developed online courses on the following topics: 

o A general introduction to emerging respiratory viruses, including novel coronaviruses (available in 
Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish, Hindi, Indian Sign Language, Persian, Portuguese, 
Serbian and Turkish); 

o Clinical care for Severe Acute Respiratory Infections (available in English, French, Russian, Indonesian 
and Vietnamese); 

o Health and safety briefing for respiratory diseases - ePROTECT (available in Chinese, English, French, 
Russian, Spanish, Indonesian and Portuguese); 

o Infection Prevention and Control for Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) (available in Chinese, English, French, 
Russian, Spanish, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Portuguese and Serbian); and 

o COVID-19 Operational Planning Guidelines and COVID-19 Partners Platform to support country 
preparedness and response (available in English and coming soon in additional languages). 

• WHO is providing guidance on early investigations, which are critical in an outbreak of a new virus. The data 
collected from the protocols can be used to refine recommendations for surveillance and case definitions, to 
characterize the key epidemiological transmission features of COVID-19, help understand spread, severity, 
spectrum of disease, impact on the community and to inform operational models for implementation of 
countermeasures such as case isolation, contact tracing and isolation. Several protocols are available here . One 
such protocol is for the investigation of early COVID-19 cases and contacts (the " First Few X (FFX) Cases and 
contact investigation protocol for 2019-novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infection "). The protocol is designed to 
gain an early understanding of the key clinical, epidemiological and virological characteristics of the first cases of 
COVID-19 infection detected in any individual country, to inform the development and updating of public health 
guidance to manage cases and reduce the potential spread and impact of infection. 














RECOMMENDATIONS AND ADVICE FOR THE PUBLIC 


If you are not in an area where COVID-19 is spreading or have not travelled from an area where COVID-19 is 
spreading or have not been in contact with an infected patient, your risk of infection is low. It is understandable that 
you may feel anxious about the outbreak. Get the facts from reliable sources to help you accurately determine your 
risks so that you can take reasonable precautions (see Frequently Asked Questions ). Seek guidance from WHO, your 
healthcare provider, your national public health authority or your employer for accurate information on COVID-19 
and whether COVID-19 is circulating where you live. It is important to be informed of the situation and take 
appropriate measures to protect yourself and your family (see Protection measures for everyone) . 

If you are in an area where there are cases of COVID-19 you need to take the risk of infection seriously. Follow the 
advice of WHO and guidance issued by national and local health authorities. For most people, COVID-19 infection 
will cause mild illness however, it can make some people very ill and, in some people, it can be fatal. Older people, 
and those with pre-existing medical conditions (such as cardiovascular disease, chronic respiratory disease or 
diabetes) are at risk for severe disease (See Protection measures for persons who are in or have recently visited (past 
14 days) areas where COVID-19 is spreading ). 


CASE DEFINITIONS 

WHO periodically updates the Global Surveillance for human infection with coronavirus disease (COVID-19) 
document which includes case definitions. 

For easy reference, case definitions are included below. 

Suspect case 

A. A patient with acute respiratory illness (fever and at least one sign/symptom of respiratory disease, e.g., cough, 
shortness of breath), AND a history of travel to or residence in a location reporting community transmission of 
COVID-19 disease during the 14 days prior to symptom onset. 

OR 

B. A patient with any acute respiratory illness AND having been in contact with a confirmed or probable COVID-19 
case (see definition of contact) in the last 14 days prior to symptom onset; 

OR 

C. A patient with severe acute respiratory illness (fever and at least one sign/symptom of respiratory disease, e.g., 
cough, shortness of breath; AND requiring hospitalization) AND in the absence of an alternative diagnosis that 
fully explains the clinical presentation. 

Probable case 

A. A suspect case for whom testing for the COVID-19 virus is inconclusive. 

a. Inconclusive being the result of the test reported by the laboratory. 

OR 

B. A suspect case for whom testing could not be performed for any reason. 

Confirmed case 

A person with laboratory confirmation of COVID-19 infection, irrespective of clinical signs and symptoms. 

• Technical guidance for laboratory testing can be found here . 


Definition of contact 


A contact is a person who experienced any one of the following exposures during the 2 days before and the 14 days 












after the onset of symptoms of a probable or confirmed case: 

1. Face-to-face contact with a probable or confirmed case within 1 meter and for more than 15 minutes; 

2. Direct physical contact with a probable or confirmed case; 

3. Direct care for a patient with probable or confirmed COVID-19 disease without using proper personal 
protective equipment 1 ; OR 

4. Other situations as indicated by local risk assessments. 

Note: for confirmed asymptomatic cases, the period of contact is measured as the 2 days before through the 14 days 
after the date on which the sample was taken which led to confirmation. 


1 World Health Organization. Infection prevention and control during health care when COVID-19 is suspected 
https://www.who.int/publications-detail/infection-prevention-and-control-during-health-care-when-novel-coronavirus-(ncov)- 

infection-is-suspected-20200125